INSTRUCTIONS
BX51
SYSTEM MICROSCOPE
This instruction manual is for the Olympus System Microscopes Models BX51 and BX52. To ensure
the safety, obtain optimum performance and to familiarize yourself fully with the use of this microscope, we recommend that you study this manual thoroughly before operating the microscope.
Retain this instruction manual in an easily accessible place near the work desk for future reference.
AX7655
BX51
CONTENTS
Correct assembly and adjustments are critical for the microscope to exhibit its full performance. If you are going to assemble
the microscope yourself, please read section 7, “ASSEMBLY” (pages 28 to 30) carefully.
IMPORTANT
1-3
— Be sure to read this section for safe use of the equipment. —
1
NOMENCLATURE
4-5
2
TRANSMITTED LIGHT BRIGHTFIELD OBSERVATION PROCEDURE
6-7
3
USING THE CONTROLS
8-20
3-1 Base ................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 8-10
1 Voltage Indication
2 Using the Light Intensity Preset Switch
3 Using the Filters
3-2 Focusing Block ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 11
1 Replacing the Fine Adjustment Knob
2 Adjusting the Coarse Adjustment Knob Tension
3 Pre-focusing Lever
3-3 Stage ............................................................................................................................................................................................................ 12-14
1 Placing the Specimen
2 Adjusting the X- and Y-Axis Knob Tension
3 Rotating the Stage
4 Adjusting the Stage Height
3-4 Observation Tube ...................................................................................................................................................................... 15-17
1 Adjusting the Interpupillar Distance
2 Adjusting the Diopter
3 Using the Eye Shades
4 Using the Eyepiece Micrometer Disk
5 Selecting the Light Path of the Trinocular Tube
6 Adjusting the Tilt
3-5 Condenser .......................................................................................................................................................................................... 18-19
1 Centering the Condenser
2 Compatibility of Objectives and Condensers
3-6 Immersion Objectives ................................................................................................................................................................. 20
1 Using Immersion Objectives
3-7 Objectives with Correction Collar ............................................................................................................................. 20
4
TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE
21-23
5
SPECIFICATIONS
24-25
6
OPTICAL CHARACTERISTICS
7
ASSEMBLY — See this section for the replacement of the light bulb. —
(UIS2/UIS Series)
26-27
28-30
PROPER SELECTION OF THE POWER SUPPLY CORD ....................................................................... 31-32
8
LAMP HOUSING INSPECTION SHEET
33
BX51
IMPORTANT
This microscope employs a UIS2/UIS (Universal Infinity System) optical design, and should be used
only with UIS2/UIS eyepieces, objectives and condensers for the BX2 series. (Some of the modules
designed for the BX series and objectives/eyepieces for the UIS series are also usable. For details,
please consult Olympus or the catalogues.) Less than optimum performance may result if inappropriate
accessories are used.
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
(Fig. 1)
1. After the equipment has been used in an observation of a specimen that is
accompanied with a potential of infection, clean the parts coming in contact
with the specimen to prevent infection.
· Moving this product is accompanied with the risk of dropping the specimen. Be sure to remove the specimen before moving this product.
· In case the specimen is damaged by erroneous operation, promptly take
the infection prevention measures.
· The product becomes unstable if its height is increased by an accessory
mounted on it. In this case, take anti-toppling measures to prevent the
specimen from being dropped when the product topples down.
2. Install the microscope on a sturdy, level table or bench so as not to block the
air vents on the underside of the base.
Do not place the microscope on a flexible surface, as this could result in
blocking the air vents and cause overheating or a fire.
3. The surfaces of the lamp housing on the rear of the microscope will become
extremely hot during operation. When installing the microscope, make sure to
allow ample free space (10 cm or more) around and in particular above the
lamp housing.
4. When installing the microscope, route the power cord away from the lamp
housing. Should the power cord come in contact with the hot lamp housing,
the power cord could melt and cause electric shock.
5. To avoid potential shock hazards and burns when replacing the light bulb, set
the main switch @ to “ ” (OFF) then disconnect the power cord from the wall
outlet in advance. Whenever you replace the bulb during use or right after use,
allow the lamp housing‚ and bulb to cool before touching. (Fig. 1)
@
Designated bulb
Fig. 1
12V100WHAL (PHILIPS 7724)
12V50WHAL-L (LIFE JC)
# The microscope also incorporate a fuse (this should be replaced by the
manufacturer or an authorized agent).
6. Always use the power cord provided by Olympus. If no power cord is provided, please select the proper power cord by referring to the section “PROPER
SELECTION OF THE POWER SUPPLY CORD” at the end of this instruction
manual. If the proper power cord is not used, product safety performance
cannot be warranted.
7. Always ensure that the grounding terminal of the microscope and that of
the wall outlet are properly connected. If the equipment is not grounded,
Olympus can no longer warrant the electrical safety performance of the equipment.
8. Never insert metallic objects into the air vents of the microscope frame as this
could result in electrical shock, personal injury and equipment damage.
9. The standard service life of the lamp housing is 8 (eight) years of use or 20,000
hours of total power ON period, whichever is the shorter period.
For details, see Inspection Sheet on page 33.
1
Safety Symbols
The following symbols are found on the microscope. Study the meaning of the symbols and always use the equipment
in the safest possible manner.
Symbol
Explanation
Indicates that the surface becomes hot, and should not be touched with bare hands.
Before use, carefully read the instruction manual. Improper use could result in personal injury to
the user and/or damage to the equipment.
l
Indicates that the main switch is ON.
Indicates that the main switch is OFF.
Warnings
Warning engraving is placed at parts where special precaution is required when handling and using the microscope.
Always heed the warnings.
Warning engraving
position
1
Getting Ready
Fig. 2
2
Lamp housing
(Warning against high temperature)
1. A microscope is a precision instrument. Handle it with care and avoid
subjecting it to sudden or severe impact.
2. Do not use the microscope where it is subjected to direct sunlight, high
temperature and humidity, dust or vibrations. (For the operating conditions, refer to section 5, “SPECIFICATIONS”.)
3. When moving the microscope, remove the specimen and modules that
may drop during transport and carefully carry it with the grasping part
on the rear of the arm and the base as shown in Fig. 2 (Weight: approx.
16 kg).
# Before transporting the microscope, be sure to remove the specimen, eyepieces and color glass filter so that they will not drop. Also
remove other modules attached to the microscope because they
increase the system weight.
# Damage to the microscope will occur if you grasp it by the stage,
coarse/fine adjustment knob or binocular section of the observation tube.
4. The BX51 series can be used with up to two intermediate attachments
(e.g. a U-CA magnification changer, U-EPA2 eyepoint adjuster, etc.). For
restrictions when using two intermediate attachments, make sure to read
the instruction manual provided with the respective intermediate attachments.
# The microscope may become unstable when its height is increased
by mounting certain modules on it. In such a circumstance, take
measures to prevent the microscope from toppling down and
dropping the specimen.
BX51
2
Maintenance and Storage
1. To clean the lenses and other glass components, simply blow dirty away using a commercially available blower and wipe
gently using a piece of cleaning paper (or clean gauze).
If a lens is stained with fingerprints or oil smudges, wipe it gauze slightly moistened with commercially available absolute
alcohol.
!Since the absolute alcohol is highly flammable, it must be handled carefully.
Be sure to keep it away from open flames or potential sources of electrical sparks –– for example, electrical
equipment that is being switched on or off, which could cause ignition of a fire.
Also remember to always use it only in a well-ventilated room.
2. Do not attempt to use organic solvents to clean the microscope components other than the glass components. To clean
them, use a lint-free, soft cloth slightly moistened with a diluted neutral detergent.
3. Do not disassemble any part of the microscope as this could result in malfunction or reduced performance.
4. When not using the microscope, keep it covered with a dust cover.
5. When disposing of the microscope, check the regulations and rules of your local government and be sure to observe
them.
3
Caution
If the microscope is used in a manner not specified by this manual, the safety of the user may be imperiled. In addition,
the equipment may also be damaged. Always use the equipment as outlined in this instruction manual.
The following symbols are used to set off text in this instruction manual.
!: Indicates that failure to follow the instructions in the warning could result in bodily harm to the
user and/or damage to equipment (including objects in the vicinity of the equipment).
# : Indicates that failure to follow the instructions could result in damage to equipment.
} : Indicates commentary (for ease of operation and maintenance).
4
Intended use
This instrument has been designed to be used to observe magnified images of specimens in routine and research
applications.
Do not use this instrument for any purpose other than its intended use.
This device complies with the requirements of directive 98/79/EC concerning in vitro diagnostic medical devices. CE marking means the conformity to the directive.
NOTE: This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class A digital device,
pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection
against harmful interference when the equipment is operated in a commercial environment. This
equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in
accordance with the instruction manual, may cause harmful interference to radio communications.
Operation of this equipment in a residential area is likely to cause harmful interference in which case
the user will be required to correct the interference at his own expense.
FCC WARNING: Changes or modifications not expressly approved by the party responsible for compliance
could void the user’s authority to operate the equipment.
3
1 NOMENCLATURE
} If you have not yet assembled the microscope, read section 7, “ASSEMBLY” (pages 28 to 30).
Transmitted light specification model
BX51TF or microscope frame
Light path selector knob (Page 16)
Interpupillary distance
adjustment scale (Page 15)
Condenser height
adjustment knob (Page 18)
Allen screwdriver
(accommodation position)
Diopter adjustment ring
(Page 15)
Main switch (Page 1)
Voltage indicator LED
Slide holder (Page 12)
Aperture iris diaphragm ring
(Page 19)
Light intensity preset
switch (Page 8)
Fine adjustment knob (Page 11)
(Detachable)
Pre-focusing Lever (Page 11)
Filter mount (Page 9)
Light intensity preset
adjustment screw
(Page 8)
Y-axis knob (Page 13)
X-axis knob (Page 13)
Field iris diaphragm ring
(Page 18)
Coarse adjustment knob (Page 11)
Brightness adjustment knob (Page 8)
(Lamp voltage adjustment knob)
Optional filter knob (Page 9)
Coarse adjustment tension adjustment ring (Page 11)
Filter knobs (Page 9)
ND6, ND25 and LBD from the front to the rear
4
BX51
Transmitted light/reflected light specification model
NOTE
BX51TRF microscope frame
The controls are identical to those of the transmitted light specification models except for the transmitted/
reflected light switch and the reflected light system (vertical illuminator, reflected lamp housing).
Reflected light illuminator*
· Universal illuminator
(BX-URA2)
· Fluorescence illuminator
(BX-RFA)
· Vertical illuminator
(BX-RLA2)
Reflected lamp housing*
· 100 W mercury burner housing
(U-LH100HG)
· 100 W mercury apo-burner housing
(U-LH100HGAPO)
· 75 W xenon lamp housing
(U-LH75XEAPO)
· 100 W halogen lamp housing
(U-LH100-3)
· System lamp housing
(U-ULH, halogen bulb specification)
Transmitted/reflected light
switch
(for exclusive use with
the halogen light source)
* For the reflected illuminators and reflected lamp housings, please also refer to their instruction manuals.
5
TRANSMITTED LIGHT BRIGHTFIELD OBSERVATION PROCEDURE
(Controls Used)
Set the main switch to “ I ” (ON) and adjust the
brightness.
(P. 8)
Set the transmitted light
(BX51TRF only)
³Transmitted/reflected light
switch
(P. 5)
Engage only the LBD filter.
|LBD filter knob
(P. 9)
ƒLight path selector knob
(P. 16)
…Slide holder
†X-/Y-axis knobs
(P. 12)
(P. 13)
Select the light path (trinocular tube).
Place the specimen on the stage.
Engage the 10X objective in the light path.
‡Revolving nosepiece
ŠCoarse/fine adjustment knobs
(P. 11)
‰Binocular tube
‹Diopter adjustment ring
ŒCondenser height adjustment
knob
™Condenser centering knob
(P. 15)
(P. 15)
(P. 18)
Adjust the aperture iris and field iris diaphragms.
šAperture iris diaphragm ring
›Field iris diaphragm ring
(P. 19)
(P. 18)
Engage the objective to be used in the light path
and bring the specimen in focus.
‡Revolving nosepiece
ŠCoarse/fine adjustment knobs
(P. 11)
Engage the required filters.
œFilters
(P. 9)
Adjust the brightness.
²Brightness adjustment knob
(P. 8)
Bring the specimen in focus.
Adjust the interpupillary distance.
Adjust the diopter.
Adjust the light axis.
Start observation.
6
@Main switch
²Brightness adjustment knob
(Page)
(P. 18)
BX51
‰
ƒ
Œ
@
‹
³
‡
…
š
™
†
Š
›
²
Š
œ
|
} Copy the observation procedure pages on separate sheets and post it near your microscope.
7
USING THE CONTROLS
3-1 Base
1
Voltage Indication
(Fig. 3)
1. Turn the brightness adjustment knob @ clockwise to increase the voltage and make illumination brighter.
2. The numerals to the right of the lamp voltage indicator LEDs ² indicate
the voltage.
@
²
Fig. 3
2
Using the Light Intensity Preset Switch
(Fig. 4)
}The light intensity preset switch @ makes it possible to limit the light
intensity to a preselected level regardless of the position of the brightness adjustment knob.
The light intensity preset has been preset to optimum brightness for
photography when the built-in LBD filter is engaged (approx. 9 V with
marking).
1. Press the light intensity preset switch @ to the ON position. (The face of
the switch lights when it is ON.)
2. Using a small flat-blade screwdriver, turn the preset adjustment screw ²
to obtain the required light intensity. Turning the screw clockwise increases
brightness.
3. When the light intensity preset switch is set to OFF, the brightness returns
to the level set by the brightness adjustment knob.
# While the light intensity preset switch is ON, turning the light brightness adjustment knob does not affect brightness.
@
²
Fig. 4
3
Using the Filters
(Figs. 5 - 10)
}You can place a filter in the light path with one of the following methods.
· Push in the knob of the desired built-in filter to engage it in the light path.
(Page 9)
· Place a filter on the filter mount on the base and engage in the light path.
(Page 9)
· Insert a filter in the U-FC filter cassette, attach it on the filter mount and
engage it in the light path by sliding the filter lever. (Page 9)
8
BX51
Using Built-In Filters (Fig. 5)
Each of filter knobs @ to | can be engaged into the light path by pressing the knob in. Pressing the button again disengages the filter from the
light path.
Filter Type/Purpose
@ ² ³ |
Fig. 5
@
ND6 (Neutral Density filter for light adjustment, transmittance 6%)
²
ND25 (Neutral Density filter for light adjustment, transmittance 25%)
³
LBD (for color balancing, daylight filter)
|
OP (optional) filter set*
* Ask your Olympus representative to mount the filters.
Mounting a Single Filter
ƒ
(Fig. 6)
A filter with a diameter of 45 mm ƒ can be placed on the filter mount on
the base. If you need to place multiple filters, please purchase the U-FC
filter cassette.
# Even when a filter cassette is used, a filter with thickness of no more
than 3 mm can still be placed on the filter mount.
Fig. 6
Using the Filter Cassette
(Figs. 7 - 10)
Loading Filters into Filter Cassette
…
Fig. 7
}The filter cassette accommodates filters with a diameter of 45 mm and
thickness of 2.7 mm or less.
}The filter cassette has two filter levels on the right side and one on the left
side.
1. Move all filter levers to the OUT position except for the one belonging to
the slot into which the filter is to be inserted.
2. Slide the lever … to the IN position. Make sure that it clicks securely into
place. (Fig. 7)
3. Holding the lever in the position shown in Fig. 7, put the filter into the
cassette by inserting it in the direction indicated by the arrow.
4. Insert the other two filters in the same manner.
9
Mounting the Filter Cassette
‡
†
Š
‰
Fig. 8
1. Fully loosen the filter cassette clamping screw †. (Fig. 8)
2. Align the key ‡ on the bottom surface of the filter cassette with the
positioning slot Š on the filter mount, then snap the filter cassette into
place from above.
3. Rotate the filter cassette to align its sides with the base. (Fig. 9)
4. Align the clamping screw † with the positioning hole ‰ on the filter
mount, then tighten the screw to fasten the filter cassette.
# When the filter cassette is installed, the stage may hit it when lowered. Therefore, exercise caution when lowering the stage with the
filter cassette installed.
Fig. 9
Using the Filter Cassette
(Fig. 10)
Usable Filters
‹
Fig. 10
10
Applications
45ND-6, 45ND-25
Neutral density filter
45G-530, 45G-533, 45IF550
Green
45Y-48
Yellow
45O-560
Orange
B&W contrast filter
Up to three of the above filters can be loaded in the filter cassette. Moving the levers ‹ on the left and right sides of the cassette to the IN
position brings the corresponding filter into the light path.
BX51
3-2 Focusing Block
1
|
³
²
@
2
3
Fig. 13
Adjusting the Coarse Adjustment
Knob Tension
(Fig. 12)
# Adjust the coarse adjustment knob tension using the tension adjustment ring @.
The coarse adjustment knob tension is preadjusted for easy use. However, if desired, you can change the tension using the tension adjustment ring @. Turning the ring in the direction of the arrow increases
tension, and vice versa.
The tension is too low if the stage drops by itself of focus is quickly lost
after adjustment with the fine adjustment knob. In this case, turn the ring
in the direction of the arrow to increase tension.
Fig. 12
@
(Fig. 11)
# The fine adjustment knob has been attached on the right side at the
factory.
}The fine adjustment knob is designed detachable to prevent interference
with hand during manipulation of the fine adjustment knob or X-/Y-axis
knobs.
Usually attach the knob on the opposite side to the X- and Y-axis knobs.
1. Using the Allen screwdriver, loosen the clamping screw @ and remove
the fine adjustment knob ².
2. Remove the seal from the fine adjustment knob screw hole on the other
side and attach the knob by reversing the removal procedure.
3. Attach a provided seal on the screw hole | of the removed fine adjustment knob.
}The fine adjustment dial ³ can be operated with your fingertip or finger
surface at the same time as manipulating the X- or Y-axis knob.
Fig. 11
@
Replacing the Fine Adjustment Knob
Pre-focusing Lever
(Fig. 13)
}The pre-focusing lever ensures that the objective does not come in contact with the specimen and simplifies focusing.
After focusing on the specimen with the coarse adjustment knob, turn
this lever @ in the direction of the arrow and lock; the upper limit on
coarse adjustment movement is set at the locked position.
After changing a specimen, refocusing is easily accomplished by rotating the coarse adjustment knob to reach the pre-focused position, then
making fine adjustments with the fine adjustment knob.
}Stage movement with the fine adjustment knob is not locked.
# When the pre-focusing lever is locked, a coarse movement stroke is
reduced due to the microscope’s mechanism, causing the stage
not to be able to be lowered to the lower limit. To lower the stage to
the lower limit, release the pre-focusing lever.
11
3-3 Stage
²
@
1
Placing the Specimen
# The dimensions of the slide glass should be 26 x 76 mm with thickness of 0.9 to 1.2 mm, and the cover glass should have thickness of
0.17 mm.
# When observing very large specimens, remove the slide holder and
place the specimen directly on the stage.
Microscopy with Double-Slide Holder (Fig. 14)
1. Turn the coarse adjustment knob @ to lower the stage.
2. Open the spring-loaded curved finger ² on the slide holder and place
one or two specimen slides on the stage from the front.
3. After placing the sides as far as they will go, gently release the curved
finger.
Fig. 14
Microscopy with Single-Slide Holder (Fig. 15)
The specimen side can easily be placed by sliding it into the slide holder
from the front.
Examining a whole specimen
Use one of the thin slide holders listed below that cause less interference
with the objectives*.
· U-HRD-4
· U-HLD-4
· U-HLS-4
* The applicable objectives are ones are ones with 40X or less
magnification (except Apo series).
Fig. 15
Using an Oil Immersion Objective
Adsorption of immersion oil can cause the specimen to drift. In such
cases, it is recommended to use the optional BH2-SCB-3 specimen clip
³ for oil immersion objectives. (Fig. 16)
Using an Oil Immersion Condenser
³
Fig. 16
12
It may be effective to use the optional U-SVRO (right-hand knob) or USVLO (left-hand knob) slotted stage which prevents close contact between the specimen and stage.
BX51
2
Adjusting the X- and Y-Axis Knob Tension
(Fig. 17)
1. Hold the X-axis knob @ and slide up the Y-axis knob ² up to expose the
adjustment knobs.
2. Turning the X-axis adjustment knob ³ or Y-axis adjustment knob | clockwise (in the direction of the arrow) increases the tension and counterclockwise decreases it.
# If the tension is adjusted to tight, a creaking sound may be heard
during stage travel, and the stage stopping accuracy may be imperiled.
²
|
³
@
Fig. 17
CAUTION
After long hours of use, the stage guide may be deviated and the stage travel range may be decreased.
However, this is not malfunction and can be corrected
easily as described below.
[Treatment]
Horizontal direction: Hold the specimen holder and move the stage guide
to the left and right so that it hits the stoppers.
Vertical direction: Hold the upper stage and move it to the front and rear
so that it hits the stoppers.
Stage Feed Knob Rubber Caps (Optional)
}When the X- and Y-axis knobs are fitted with the rubber caps, the knobs
can be adjusted without slipping and fine adjustment is possible by
holding the knobs with a very light force. The knob rubber caps also
reduce fatigue after long hours of operation.
The U-SHGT thick type (thickness 5 mm) and U-SHG thin type (thickness
2 mm) knob rubbers are available.
To attach the knob rubbers:
First fit the larger knob rubber to the Y-axis (upper) knob from below it,
then fit the smaller knob rubber to the X-axis (lower) knob from below it.
13
3
Rotating the Stage
(Fig. 18)
1. Slightly loosen the stage clamping screw @.
2. The stage can be rotated both clockwise and counterclockwise by the
stage clamping screw.
# A click may be heard and felt during rotation. However, this is due to
the construction of the substage and does not indicate a malfunction.
}The angle of rotation varies depending on the positions of the X- and Yaxis knobs.
@
Fig. 18
Angle of Rotation
Clockwise
4
@
Fig. 19
²
³
Fig. 20
14
Counterclockwise
Right hand knobs
230°
20°
Left hand knobs
20°
230°
Adjusting the Stage Height
(Figs. 19 & 20)
}By lowering the position of the substage, the microscope will accommodate specimens with maximum height of 35 mm. This is useful when
observing metallurgical specimens and other thick objects.
1 Lower the stage to the lower limit, then remove the stage from the microscope.
2 Using the Allen screwdriver, loosen the substage bracket clamping screw
@ and remove the substage.
3. Turn the coarse adjustment knob and raise the focusing block ³ to
where the stopper screw ² on the arm becomes visible.
4. Using the Allen screwdriver, loosen and remove the upper stopper screw
².
5. Reattach substage bracket and stage.
BX51
3-4 Observation Tube
1
Adjusting the Interpupillar Distance
(Fig. 21)
While looking through the eyepieces, adjust for binocular vision until the
left and right fields of view coincide completely. The index dot · indicates
the interpupillary distance.
}Note your interpupillary distance so that it can be quickly duplicated.
Fig. 21
@
2
Adjusting the Diopter
(Figs 22 & 23)
1. Looking through the eyepiece without the diopter adjustment ring, rotate
the coarse and fine adjustment knobs to bring the specimen into focus.
2. Looking through the eyepiece with the diopter adjustment ring, turn only
the diopter adjustment ring @ to focus on the specimen. (Fig. 22)
²
Fig. 22
Using a Finder Eyepiece
1. Looking through the right eyepiece with your right eye, turn the top of the
eyepiece ² until a clearly defined double crossline can be seen in the
field of view. (Figs. 22 & 23)
2. Looking through the right eyepiece, rotate the coarse and fine adjustment knobs to bring the specimen and double crossline into simultaneous focus.
3. Looking through the left eyepiece with your left eye, turn the diopter adjustment ring @ to focus on the specimen.
Using a Super Widefield Observation Tube
Fig. 23
Adjust the diopter as instructed above.
However, since no diopter adjustment ring is provided, turn the top of
the eyepiece instead.
3
Using the Eye Shades
(Fig. 24)
When Wearing Eyeglasses
Use with the eye shades in the normal, folded-down position. This will
prevent the eyeglasses from being scratched.
When Not Wearing Eyeglasses
Extend the folded eye shades in the direction of the arrow to prevent
extraneous light from entering between the eyepieces and eyes.
Fig. 24
15
4
@
(Fig. 25)
When the WHN10X-H (or WHN10X) eyepieces are used, an eyepiece
micrometer disk can be inserted in one of them. When the eyepiece
does not have a diopter adjustment mechanism, however, it is hard to
focus on the micrometer disk if the operator has poor eyesight. Should
that be the case, adjust the focus with eyeglasses on.
Use 24 mm dia. x 1.5 mm thick micrometer disks.
Following Fig. 25, turn the built-in micrometer-mounting frame ² counterclockwise to remove it from the eyepiece and place a micrometer disk.
Screw the micrometer mounting frame back into the eyepiece sleeve.
²
Fig. 25
@
Using the Eyepiece Micrometer Disk
5
Selecting the Light Path of the
Trinocular Tube
(Fig. 26)
Slide the light path selector knob @ to select the desired light path.
Light path selector knob position
Trinocular tube
Pushed in
U-TR30-2
U-SWTR-3
Fig. 26
U-TR30NIR*
100% for binocular eyepieces
Middle position
20% for binocular
eyepieces, 80% for
TV/photography
50% for binocular
eyepieces, 50% for
TV/photography
Pulled out
100% for TV/
photography
* With the infrared trinocular tube, infrared observation up to 1000 nm is
possible. For details, consult your Olympus representative.
16
BX51
6
Fig. 27
Adjusting the Tilt (with the U-TBI3)
(Fig. 27)
}Adjust the height and tilt of the observation tube to obtain the most comfortable viewing position.
Holding the binocular section with both hands, raise or lower it to the
desired position.
# Never attempt to force the binocular section past the upper or lower
stop position. Applying excessive force could destroy the limiting
mechanism.
}The U-TBI3 can be used in combination with only one intermediate attachment.
}If you need photography using the U-TBI3, use the U-TRU trinocular tube.
With the U-ETBI/U-TTBI (Fig. 28)
The U-ETBI and U-TTBI are ergonomic observation tubes with normal
field, capable of the tilting adjustment as well as the adjustment of the
eyepiece position toward the front and rear (by 45 mm). The U-ETBI is the
erect image model and the U-TTBI is the inverted image model, and
both models are of the same size.
# The intermediate attachments that can be combined with the
U-TTBI are limited. For details, please contact Olympus.
Fig. 28
17
3-5 Condenser
1
³
@
²
Fig. 29
Centering the Condenser
(Figs. 29 & 30)
1. Turn the condenser height adjustment knob @ to raise the condenser to
its upper limit.
2. Focus on the specimen using the 10X objective.
# When using the U-SC3 swing-out condenser, move the top lens into
the light path.
3. Rotate the field iris diaphragm ring ² in the direction of the arrow so that
the diaphragm image comes inside the field of view.
4. Manipulate the condenser height adjustment knob @ to focus on the
diaphragm image.
5. Turn the two condenser centering screws ³ to move the iris diaphragm
image to the center of the field of view.
6. Gradually open the field iris diaphragm. The condenser is properly centered if the iris image is centered and inscribed in the field of view.
7. During actual use, open the field diaphragm slightly until its image circumscribes the field of view.
Effects of Field Iris Diaphragm (Fig. 30)
The field iris diaphragm restricts the diameter of the beam of light entering the objective and thus excludes extraneous light, improving image
contrast. The diameter of the field iris should e adjusted for objective
power to the extent that it just circumscribes the field of view. (See “Compatibility of Objectives and Condensers” on the next page.)
Fig. 30
18
BX51
Aperture Iris Diaphragm (Figs. 31 & 32)
Aperture iris
diaphragm image
70-80%
30-20%
Objective pupil
Fig. 31
²
@
· The aperture iris diaphragm determines the numerical aperture of the
illumination system. It has an effect of adjusting image resolution and
contrast. Stopping down the aperture iris diaphragm increases the depth
of focus.
· Since the contrast of microscope specimens is ordinarily low, setting the
condenser aperture iris diaphragm to between 70 and 80% of the N.A. ²
of the objective in use is usually recommended.
Adjust the ratio by removing the eyepiece and looking into the eyepiece
sleeve while adjusting the aperture iris diaphragm ring @ until the image
shown in Fig. 31 is seen.
}Using the numerical aperture scale:
You can use the condenser numerical aperture scale by adjusting the
aperture iris diaphragm ring @. (Fig. 32)
N.A. scale
Fig. 32
2
Compatibility of Objectives and Condensers
Objective
Magnification
Condenser
Abbe
U-AC2
Achromat/aplanat
U-AAC
2X
10-60X
100X
Ultralow magnification
U-ULC-2
Applicable to FN 22
1.25X
4X
Swing-out
U-SC3
Applicable (FN 26.5) by
moving top lens out of
the light path* (FN 26.5)
Applicable to FN 22
Applicable
(FN 26.5)
Applicable
(FN 26.5)
Applicable
(FN 26.5)
Engage top lens in
light path (FN 26.5)
* When using the U-SC3 swing-out condenser together with a 1.25X to 4X objective, fully open the condenser aperture iris
diaphragm and use the field iris diaphragm in the base as aperture diaphragm. With the 1.25X to 2X objectives, the
surroundings of the field of view may become dark.
}To obtain better illumination in photomicrography using a 1.25X to 4X objective, use of the U-ULC-2 is recommended.
19
3-6 Immersion Objectives
# Be sure to use the provided Olympus Immersion oil.
1
Fig. 33
Using Immersion Objectives
(Fig. 33)
1. Focus on the specimen with objectives in the order of lower-power to
higher-power ones.
2. Before engaging the immersion objective, place a drop of provided
immersion oil onto the specimen at the area to be observed.
3. Turn the revolving nosepiece to engage the immersion objective, then
focus using the fine adjustment knob.
# Since air bubbles in the oil will affect the image quality, make sure
that the oil is free of bubbles.
a. To check for bubbles, remove the eyepiece and fully open the field and
aperture iris diaphragms, then look at the exit pupil of the objective inside
the observation tube. (The pupil should appear round and bright.)
b. To remove bubbles, turn the revolving nosepiece to repeatedly defocus
and refocus the oil immersion objective.
}If the condenser engraving shows a numerical aperture (NA) of 1.0 or
higher, the number applies only when oil is applied between the slide
glass and the top surface of the condenser. When oil is not present, the
NA is about 0.9.
4. After use, remove immersion oil from the objective front lens by wiping
with gauze slightly moistened with absolute alcohol.
!Caution in use of immersion oil
If immersion oil enters your eyes or contacts with your skin, immediately
take the following treatment.
Eyes: Rinse with fresh water (for 15 minutes or more).
Skin: Rinse with water and soap.
If the appearance of the eyes or skin is altered or pain persists, immediately see your doctor.
3-7 Objectives with Correction Collar
}If the cover glass thickness is not 0.17 mm, the objectives cannot manifest their performances. If a correction collar equipped objective is used
in this case, the difference in thickness can be compensated for by adjusting the collar.
Adjustment Procedure
@
Fig. 34
20
· If the cover glass thickness is known, set the correction collar @ to that
value. (Fig. 34)
· If the cover glass thickness is unknown, adjust the correction collar @
and fine adjustment knob alternately until the positioning with the highest resolution is obtained.
# Be careful not to touch the correction collar @ when turning the
revolving nosepiece.
BX51
TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE
Under certain conditions, performance of the unit may be adversely affected by factors other than defects. If problems occur,
please review the following list and take remedial action as needed. If you cannot solve the problem after checking the
entire list, please contact your local Olympus representative for assistance.
Problem
Cause
Remedy
Page
1. Optical System
a) Bulb does not light.
Bulb is burned out.
Replace bulb.
29
Power cord is unplugged.
Plug power cord into the power outlet.
30
Transmitted/reflected light switch is set Set the switch to
to
(reflected light). (TRF models only) illumination).
(transmitted light
b) Bulb operates, but field of view re- Aperture and field iris diaphragms are not Adjust them to proper sizes.
mains dark.
opened wide enough.
18/19
Condenser is lowered too much.
Adjust the condenser height position.
Light path selector knob is set to the
position.
Move the knob to the
tion.
or
5
posi-
18
16
c) Field of view is obscured or not Light path selector knob is in an inter- Set the knob according to the observation method.
evenly illuminated.
mediate position.
16
Revolving nosepiece is not correctly en- Make sure that the revolving nosepiece clicks properly into place.
gaged.
––
Condenser is not attached properly.
29
Re-attach it.
Revolving nosepiece is not attached Push the side dovetail all the way until
it is stopped.
properly.
––
An objective that falls outside of the Use a condenser to match the purcondenser’s illumination range is used. pose.
19
Condenser is not properly centered.
18
Center the condenser.
Field iris diaphragm is stopped down too Open the field iris diaphragm until it
far.
circumscribes the field.
Bulb is not mounted correctly.
d) Dirt or dust is visible in the field of Dirt/dust on the eyepiece.
view.
Dirt or the to surface of the condenser.
Push the pins of halogen bulb all the
way until the stop position.
18
29
Clean thoroughly.
3
Dirt/dust on the specimen.
e)
·
·
·
·
Visibility is poor.
Image is not poor.
Contrast is poor.
Details are indistinct.
Image glares.
A non-UIS2/UIS objective is used.
Use only UIS2/UIS series objectives
26/27
with this microscope.
Condenser is lowered too far.
Adjust the condenser height position.
18
Aperture iris diaphragm is stopped down Open aperture iris diaphragm.
too far.
19
Revolving nosepiece is not mounted Push the slide dovetail all the way until
it is stopped.
properly.
––
Correction collar on correction collar While focusing, turn the correction colequipped objective is not properly ad- lar to find the best position.
justed.
20
Front lens of objective is dirty.
3
Clean objective.
Immersion oil is not being used with an Use immersion oil.
oil immersion objective.
20
21
Problem
e)
·
·
·
·
Visibility is poor.
Image is not poor.
Contrast is poor.
Details are indistinct.
Image glares.
Cause
Immersion oil contains bubbles.
Remedy
Remove the bubbles.
Recommended immersion oil is not Use the provided immersion oil.
used.
Dirt/dust on specimen.
Clean it.
Page
20
20
3
Dirt/dust on condenser.
f ) One side of image is blurred.
Inappropriate object side or cover glass Replace with glass of recommended
thickness.
thickness.
12
Objective is not correctly engaged in light Make sure that revolving nosepiece
clicks into place correctly.
path.
––
Revolving nosepiece is not correctly Push slide dovetail all the way until it
mounted.
is stopped.
––
Stage is not correctly mounted.
––
Re-attach it.
Specimen is not correctly mounted on Place specimen correctly on top of
stage.
stage and secure it with slide holder.
12
Revolving nosepiece is not corrected Push slide dovetail all the way until it
mounted.
is stopped.
––
Objective is not correctly engaged in Make sure that revolving nosepiece
light path.
clicks into place correctly.
––
Condenser is not properly centered.
Center the condenser.
18
h) Field of view becomes only slightly Condenser is not properly centered.
brighter when the voltage is raised.
Condenser is lowered too far.
Center the condenser.
18
Adjust the condenser height position.
18
a) Bulb intermittently lights and goes Bulb is nearly burned out.
out.
A connector is not properly connected.
Replace bulb.
29
Check all connectors.
––
b) Bulb burns out almost immediately. Wrong type of bulb is being used.
Use correct bulb type.
29
g) Image appears to waver.
2. Electrical System
c) Brightness does not change when Light intensity preset button is set to ON. Press button to OFF.
you turn light intensity adjustment
knob.
8
d) All voltage indicator LEDs light and Bulb is not installed.
voltage cannot be varied with light Bulb is burned out.
intensity adjustment knob.
Lamp socket is not connected.
Install bulb.
29
Replace bulb.
29
Connect lamp socket correctly.
29
e) Lamp voltage cannot be varied Bulb is burned out.
with light intensity adjustment
knob.
Replace bulb.
29
3. Coarse/Fine Adjustment
a) Coarse adjustment knob is hard Tension adjustment ring is tightened ex- Loose ring.
to turn.
cessively.
You are trying to raise stage without Unlock pre-focusing lever.
coarse adjustment knob while pre-focusing lever is kept locked.
b) Stage drifts down by itself or focus Tension adjustment ring is too loose.
is lost during observation.
22
Tighten ring.
11
11
11
BX51
Problem
c) Image cannot be focused.
Cause
Remedy
When adjusting stage height, you forgot Reattach upper stopper screw.
to reattach upper stopper screw.
Page
14
d) Coarse adjustment will not go all Pre-focusing lever is locked at a too low Unlock pre-focusing lever.
the way up.
height.
11
e) Coarse adjustment will not go all Condenser holder is too low.
the way down.
Raise condenser holder.
18
f ) Objective makes contact with Specimen is mounted upside down.
specimen before focus is obtained.
Mount specimen correctly.
––
4. Observation Tube
a) Field of view of one eye does not Interpupillary distance is incorrect.
match that of the other.
Incorrect diopter adjustment.
Adjust interpupillary distance.
15
Adjust diopter.
15
Different eyepieces are used on left and Change on eyepiece to match the
right.
other so that both sides are the same
type.
––
Your view is not accustomed to micro- Upon looking into eyepieces, try lookscope observation.
ing at overall field before concentrating on specimen range. You may also
find it helpful to look up and into distance for a moment before looking
back into microscope.
––
5. Stage
a) Image shifts when you touch stage. Stage is not properly mounted.
Clamp stage.
b) Specimen stops midway on the X- Specimen is not correctly positioned.
axis traverse.
Place specimen correctly.
c) Horizontal and/or X- and Y-axis Tension of horizontal and/or X- and Y- Adjust tension.
knobs are too tight or too loose.
axis knobs is too high or too low.
d) Stroke has reduced.
Stage guide is deviated.
Use treatment method described on
page 13.
14
12
13
13
23
SPECIFICATIONS
Item
Specification
1. Optical system
UIS2/UIS (Universal Infinity System) optical system (featuring infinity correction)
2. Illumination
Built-in transmitted Koehler illumination
12V, 100W long-life halogen bulb (pre-centered) 12V100WHAL-L (PHILIPS 5761) or 12 V, 50 W
long-life halogen bulb (pre-centered) 12V50WHAL-L (LIFE JC)
(Average life time: Approximately 2,000 hr. when used as directed)
Light intensity voltage range: 2 V or less to 12.0 V DC (continuous)
Light intensity preset button (voltage adjustment range: 2 V or less to 12.0 V DC)
Rated voltage: 100-120/220-240 V
, 1.8/0.8 A, 50/60 Hz
Power consumption: 140 W
3. Focusing
Stage height movement by roller guide (rack & pinion)
Stroke per rotation: 0.1 mm (fine), 17.8 mm (coarse)
Full stroke range: 25 mm
Upper limit stopper
Tension adjustment on coarse focus adjustment knob
4. Revolving nosepiece
Type
U-5RE-2
U-D6RE
U-D7RE
U-P6RE
5-position revolv- Universal 6-posi- Universal 7-posi- Universal 6-position centered
tion revolving
ing nosepiece
tion revolving
revolving nosenosepiece
nosepiece
piece
Installable modules
5. Observation tube
Type
Transmitted DIC prism,
transmitted light analyzer
None
U-BI30-2
U-TBI3
U-TR30-2 U-TR30NIR
U-SWTR-3
Widefield binocu- Widefield tilting Widefield trinocu- Super widefield
binocular
trinocular
lar tube
lar tube
Field No.
Tube inclination
22
5°-35°
continuous
30°
I n t e r p u p i l l a ry
distance adjustment
Type
30°
50 mm to 76 mm
None
3 steps: @ BI 100%
² BI 20%, Photo 80%
BI 50%, Photo 50%
for U-TR30NIR only
³ Photo 100%
U-SVRB-4
U-SVLB-4
Light path selector
6. Stage
26.5
Common-axis knobs on bottom right Common-axis knobs on bottom left
Rectangular ceramic-coated, wire-driven stage
Size
Movement
mechanism
Specimen holders (single slide
holder)
156 mm (D) x 191 mm (W)
X- and Y-axis knobs with adjustable tension
Movement range: 52 mm in vertical (Y) direction, 76 mm in horizontal (X)
direction
U-HLST-4 (thick slide holder)
U-HLS-4 (thin slide holder)
Specimen holdU-HLDT-4 (left opening, thick slide holder) U-HRDT-4 (right opening, thick slide holder)
ers (double slide
U-HLD-4 (left opening, thin slide holder) U-HRD-4 (right opening, thin slide holder)
holder)
24
BX51
Item
7. Condenser
Specification
Type
N.A.
Aperture iris diaphragm
U-AC2
U-SC3
U-AAC
Abbe
Swing-out
Achromat/ Aplanat
1.10
0.9 - 0.1
1.40
With numerical aperture scale
Objective range 4X (for FN 22 widefield),
10X - 100X
(for FN 26.5 super
widefield)
8. Operating environment
1.25X (for FN 22
widefield),
2X - 100X (for FN 26.5
super widefield)
10X - 100X (for FN 26.5
super widefield)
·
·
·
·
Indoor use
Altitude: Max. 2000 meters
Ambient temperature: 5° to 40°C (41° to 104° F)
Maximum relative humidity: 80% for temperatures up to 31°C (88°F), decreasing linearly
through 70% at 34°C (93°F), 60% at 37°C (99°F), to 50% relative humidity at 40°C (104°F)
· Supply voltage fluctuations; Not to exceed ±10% of the normal voltage
· Pollution degree: 2 (in accordance with IEC60664)
· Installation/Overvoltage category: II (in accordance with IEC60664)
25
OPTICAL CHARACTERISTICS (UIS2/UIS Series)
UIS series objectives not listed here can also be combined with this microscope.
The following table shows the optical characteristics of combinations of eyepieces and objectives. The figure on the right
shows the performance data engraved on the objectives.
Number of aperture
Field number (FN)
Refer to the latest catalogue or consult your local Olympus
representative for the updated information on the eyepieces
and objectives that can be combined with this microscope.
Optical
character
Magnification
N.A.
W.D.
(mm)
Objective
PlanN-P Plan
Achromat for
polarized light
(FN22)
Color band
Cover
glass
thickness
(mm)
Resolution
(μm)
Cover glass thickness
Eyepiece
WHN10X (FN22)
Depth of
Field of
focus
Total mag.
view
(μm)
Remark
4X
0.1
18.5
—
3.40
40X
180.0
5.5
AchN-P Achromat
for polarized light
(FN22)
10X
20X
40X
100XO
0.25
0.4
0.65
1.25
6.0
3.0
0.45
0.13
—
0.17
0.17
—
1.30
0.84
0.52
0.27
100X
200X
400X
1000X
28.0
9.3
2.0
0.69
2.2
1.1
0.55
0.22
PlanN Plan
Achromat (FN22)
2X
4X
10X
20X
40X
50XOI
100XO
0.06
0.1
0.25
0.4
0.65
0.5-0.9
1.25
5.8
18.5
10.6
1.2
0.6
0.2
0.15
—
—
—
0.17
0.17
0.17
—
5.59
3.36
1.34
0.84
0.52
0.37
0.27
20X
40X
100X
200X
400X
500X
1000X
560.1
175.0
28.0
9.27
3.04
1.7
0.69
11.0
5.5
2.2
1.1
0.55
0.44
0.22
Oil immersion/Iris
Oil immersion
4X
10X2
20X
40X
40XO
60X
60XOI
100XO2
100XOI2
0.13
0.3
0.5
0.75
1.3
0.9
0.65-1.25
1.30
0.6-1.30
17.0
10.0
2.1
0.51
0.2
0.2
0.12
0.2
0.2
—
—
0.17
0.17
0.17
0.17
0.17
0.17
0.17
2.58
1.12
0.67
0.45
0.26
0.37
0.27
0.26
0.26
40X
100X
200X
400X
400X
600X
600X
1000X
1000X
127.2
22.4
7.0
2.52
1.27
1.5
0.98
0.66
0.66
5.5
2.2
1.1
0.55
0.55
0.37
0.37
0.22
0.22
Oil immersion
Correction collar
Oil immersion/Iris
Oil immersion
Oil immersion/Iris
4X
10X2
20X
20XO
40X2
60XW
60XO
100XO
0.16
0.4
0.75
0.85
0.95
1.2
1.35
1.4
13.0
3.1
0.6
0.17
0.18
0.28
0.15
0.13
—
0.17
0.17
—
0.17
0.17
0.17
0.17
2.50
0.84
0.45
0.39
0.35
0.28
0.25
0.24
40X
100X
200X
200X
400X
600X
600X
1000X
99.6
15.9
4.29
3.5
1.9
1.03
0.89
0.59
5.5
2.2
1.1
1.1
0.55
0.37
0.37
0.22
Oil immersion
Correction collar
Water immersion
Oil immersion
Oil immersion
1.25X
2X
60XO
0.04
0.08
1.42
5.0
6.2
0.15
—
—
0.17
8.39
4.19
0.24
12.5X
20X
600X
1326.8
398.3
0.83
17.6
11.0
0.37
Oil immersion
40X
0.75
0.63
0
0.45
400X
1.7
0.55
100XO
1.40
0.10
0
0.24
1000X
0.59
0.22
UPlanFLN Plan
Semi Apochromat
(FN26.5)
UPlanSApo Plan
Apochromat
(FN26.5)
PlanApoN Plan
Apochromat
(FN26.5)
MPlanFLN
Plan Semi
Apochromat
(FN26.5)
MPlanApoN
No Cover Plan
Apochromat
(FN26.5)
26
Oil: Oil immersion
Iris: Iris diaphragm
Mechanical tube
length
NOTE
UIS2
Series
Objective type
Magnification
Oil immersion
BX51
Optical
character
Magnification
N.A.
W.D.
(mm)
Objective
UIS
Series
PlanFl
Plan Semi
Apochromat
(FN26.5)
UApo
Apochromat
(FN22)
100X
0.95
20X3/340
0.75
20XW3/340 0.70
40X3/340
0.90
40XW3/340 1.15
40XOI3/340 0.65-1.35
Cover
glass
thickness
(mm)
Resolution
(μm)
Eyepiece
WHN10X (FN22)
Depth of
Field of
focus
Total mag.
view
(μm)
Remark
0.20
0.14-0.20
0.35
1000X
1.0
0.22
Correction collar
0.55
0.40
0.20
0.26
0.10
0.17
0.17
0.11-0.23
0.13-0.25
0.17
0.45
0.48
0.37
0.29
0.25
200X
200X
400X
400X
400X
4.3
4.08
2.0
1.29
1.2
1.1
1.1
0.55
0.55
0.55
Correction collar
Correction collar
Oil immersion/Iris
27
ASSEMBLY
7-1 Assembly Diagram
The diagram below shows the sequence of assembly of the various modules. The numbers indicate the order of assembly.
The BX51TRF microscope frame is assembled in the same procedures as the BX51TF frame.
The module numbers shown in the following diagram are merely the typical examples. For the modules with which the
module numbers are not given, please consult your Olympus representative or the catalogues.
# When assembling the microscope, make sure that all parts are free of dust and dirt, and avoid scratching any
parts or touching glass surfaces.
Assembly steps enclosed in
will be detailed on the subsequent pages.
}Most assembly operations are possible by using the Allen screwdriver (
) provided with the microscope.
However, the assembly of the reflected light illuminator requires the use of the provided Allen wrench (
) for clamping
the internal screws (to ensure the performance, we recommend that you have your Olympus representative assemble or
remove this module).
Eyepiece
WHN10X (FN 22)
WHN10X-H (FN 22)
35WHN10X (FN 22)
SWH10X-H (FN 26.5)
35SWH10X (FN 26.5)
Observation tube
U-BI30-2 (FN 22)
U-TR30-2 (FN 22)
U-TR30NIR (FN 22)
U-TBI3 (FN 22)
U-SWTR-3 (FN 26.5)
U-ETBI (FN 22)
U-TTBI (FN 22)
Revolving nosepiece
U-5RE-2
U-D6RE
U-D7RE
U-P6RE
Slide holder
U-HLDT-4
U-HRDT-4
U-HLST-4
Reflected
lamp
housing
Intermediate
attachment
U-EPA2
U-DO3
U-TRU, etc.
UIS2/UIS
series
objective
Stage clamping
knob
Reflected light illuminator
BX-URA2
BX-RFA
BX-RLA2
Tube clamping
screw
Specimen holder
clamping knobs
Revolving nosepiece
clamping screw
Microscope frame
BX51TRF
Power cord
Stage
U-SVRB-4
U-SVLB-4
U-SRG
Microscope frame
BX51TF
Condenser
U-AC2
U-SC3
U-AAC
U-ULC-2
U-UCD8
Condenser clamping
knob
100 W halogen
lamp housing
U-LH100-3
Lamp socket
clamping screw
100 W halogen bulb
12V100WHAL-L
12V50WHAL-L
28
BX51
7-2 Detailed Assembly Procedures
1
Installing the Bulb
(Figs. 35 - 37)
}Use only the designated bulb 12V100WHAL-L (PHILIPS 7724) or
12V50WHAL-L (LIFE JC).
1. Fully loosen the lamp housing clamping screw @ on to of the lamp
housing cover with the provided Allen screwdriver.
2. Lift the lamp housing cover ²upward to remove it.
3. Turn the lamp socket ³ by 90° in the direction indicated by the arrow.
4. Holding the bulb ƒ with gloves or a piece of gauze, depress the bulb
clamping lever | and insert the bulb pins … fully into the pin holes † on
the lamp socket. Gently release the bulb clamping lever to the original
position to secure the bulb.
@
²
Fig. 35
³
To prevent reduced bulb life or cracking, do not touch the bulb with
bare hands. If fingerprints are accidentally left on the bulb, wipe the
bulb with a soft cloth.
5. Side the lamp housing cover onto the housing base from the above.
Tighten the clamping screw @ while pressing downward on the cover.
(Fig. 35)
Fig. 36
ƒ
Caution for Bulb Replacement During Use or Right After Use
…
The bulb and the lamp socket are areas near these will be extremely
hot during and right after use.
Set the main switch to “
” (OFF), disconnect the power cord from
the wall outlet, then allow the old bulb and lamp housing to cool
before replacing the bulb with a new of the designated type.
|
†
Fig. 37
8
²
@
³
Fig. 38
Attaching the Condenser
(Fig. 38)
1. Turn the coarse adjustment knob @ to raise the stage to its upper limit.
2. Turn the condenser height adjustment knob ² to lower the condenser
holder to its lowest position.
3. Fully loosen the condenser clamping knob ³.
4. Position the condenser so that the aperture scale is located in front. Gently slide the condenser along the dovetail all the way until it is stopped.
}When attaching the U-SC3 swing-out condenser, align the positioning
pin at the back of the condenser with the groove in the condenser sleeve.
# When attaching a condenser with swing-out top lens, swing out the
top lens out of the way before inserting the condenser.
5. Tighten the condenser clamping knob and gently raise the condenser
holder to its highest position.
29
9
²
Fig. 39
Attaching the Lamp Housing Cable
²
10 and Power Cord
@
5
|
Fig. 40
6
Fig. 41
30
7
(Fig. 39)
# When using the U-BI30-2 binocular tube, eyepieces with built-in micrometer disk cannot be attached.
# When using a finder eyepiece or an eyepiece with micrometer disk,
attach it to the right-hand eyepiece sleeve.
When doing so, make sure that the eyepiece positioning pin @ fits
into the notch ² on the eyepiece sleeve.
# The super-widefield trinocular observation tube is equipped with a
positioning notch on both eyepiece sleeves. Make sure that the positioning pins on both eyepieces fits into the respective notches.
@
³
Attaching the Eyepiece
(Figs. 40 & 41)
!Cables and cords are vulnerable when bent or twisted. Never subject them to excessive force.
!Make sure that the main switch @ is set to “
” (OFF) before connecting the power cord.
1. Connect the lamp housing cable connector ² into the connector ³ on
the rear of the microscope.
(The BX51TRF/BX52TRF have two connectors on the rear panel. With
these models, the connector from the transmitted light lamp housing
should be connected to the connector marked
and that from the
reflected light lamp housing to the connector marked
.)
!Always use the power cord provided by Olympus. If no power cord is
provided with the microscope, please select the proper power cord
by referring to section “PROPER SELECTION OF THE POWER SUPPLY CORD” at the end of this instruction manual.
2. Connect the power cord plug | to the AC receptacle 5.
!The power cord should be connected to a grounded/earthed ,3conductor power outlet. If the power outlet is not grounded/earthed
properly, Olympus can no longer warrant the electrical safety performance of the equipment.
3. Plug the power cord plug 6 into the wall outlet 7.
!Should the power cord come in contact with the hot lamp housing,
the power cord could melt and cause electric shock. Be sure to
route the power cord away from the lamp housing.
BX51
PROPER SELECTION OF THE POWER SUPPLY CORD
If no power supply cord is provided, please select the proper power supply cord for the equipment by referring to “ Specifications ” and
“ Certified Cord ” below:
CAUTION: In case you use a non-approved power supply cord for Olympus products, Olympus can no longer warrant the
electrical safety of the equipment.
Specifications
Voltage Rating
Current Rating
Temperature Rating
Length
Fittings Configuration
125V AC (for 100-120V AC area) or, 250V AC (for 220-240V AC area)
6A minimum
60°C minimum
3.05 m maximum
Grounding type attachment plug cap. Opposite terminates in molded-on IEC configuration appliance coupling.
Table 1 Certified Cord
A power supply cord should be certified by one of the agencies listed in Table 1 , or comprised of cordage marked with an
agency marking per Table 1 or marked per Table 2. The fittings are to be marked with at least one of agencies listed in
Table 1. In case you are unable to buy locally in your country the power supply cord which is approved by one of the
agencies mentioned in Table 1, please use replacements approved by any other equivalent and authorized agencies in
your country.
Country
Agency
Certification
Mark
Country
Agency
Argentina
IRAM
Italy
IMQ
Australia
SAA
Japan
JET, JQA, TÜV,
UL-APEX / MITI
Austria
ÖVE
Netherlands
KEMA
Belgium
CEBEC
Norway
NEMKO
Canada
CSA
Spain
AEE
Denmark
DEMKO
Sweden
SEMKO
Finland
FEI
Switzerland
SEV
France
UTE
United
Kingdom
ASTA
BSI
Germany
VDE
U.S.A.
UL
Ireland
NSAI
Certification
Mark
31
Table 2 HAR Flexible Cord
APPROVAL ORGANIZATIONS AND CORDAGE HARMONIZATION MARKING METHODS
Approval Organization
Comite Electrotechnique Belge
(CEBEC)
CEBEC
<HAR>
10
30
10
Verband Deutscher Elektrotechniker
(VDE) e.V. Prüfstelle
<VDE>
<HAR>
30
10
10
Union Technique de l´Electricite´
(UTE)
USE
<HAR>
30
10
30
Instituto Italiano del Marchio di
Qualita´ (IMQ)
IEMMEQU
<HAR>
10
30
50
British Approvals Service for Electric
Cables (BASEC)
BASEC
<HAR>
10
10
30
N.V. KEMA
KEMA-KEUR
<HAR>
10
30
30
SEMKO AB Svenska Elektriska
Materielkontrollanstalter
SEMKO
<HAR>
10
10
50
Österreichischer Verband für
Elektrotechnik (ÖVE)
<ÖVE>
<HAR>
30
10
50
Danmarks Elektriske Materialkontroll
(DEMKO)
<DEMKO>
<HAR>
30
10
30
National Standards Authority of Ireland
(NSAI)
<NSAI>
<HAR>
30
30
50
Norges Elektriske Materiellkontroll
(NEMKO)
NEMKO
<HAR>
10
10
70
Asociacion Electrotecnica Y
Electronica Espanola (AEE)
<UNED>
<HAR>
30
10
70
Hellenic Organization for
Standardization (ELOT)
ELOT
<HAR>
30
30
70
Instituto Portages da Qualidade
(IPQ)
np
<HAR>
10
10
90
Schweizerischer Elektro
Technischer Verein (SEV)
SEV
<HAR>
10
30
90
Elektriska Inspektoratet
SETI
<HAR>
10
30
90
Underwriters Laboratories Inc. (UL)
Canadian Standards Association (CSA)
32
Printed or Embossed Harmoniza- Alternative Marking Utilizing
tion Marking (May be located on Black-Red-Yellow Thread (Length
jacket or insulation of internal wir- of color section in mm)
ing)
Black
Red
Yellow
SV, SVT, SJ or SJT, 3 X 18AWG
SV, SVT, SJ or SJT, 3 X 18AWG
BX51
LAMP HOUSING INSPECTION SHEET
z Study the instruction manual for the lamp housing before inspection.
z For safe use of the lamp housing, we recommend performing the following inspection periodically (every time you replace
the lamp bulb and at least every 6 months).
z The table below identified the check items to be observed. Put (X) if not applicable or (✓) if applcable.
z If there is any (✓) mark noted, immediately stop use of the product, and consult Olympus for detailed inspections or replace
the lamp housing.
z If you detect an abnormality other than that listed below or with other Olympus product, also stop the use of the product
and contact Olympus for detailed inspections.
z Note that the service, replacement and detailed inspections are charged after expiration of the warranty period.
If you have any questions, please contact Olympus.
Check results (Date)
Check items
1.
/
/
/
/
More than 8 years have passed since original purchase or the total power
ON time has exceeded 20,000 hours.
2. Lamp does not light sometimes even though the main switch is set to on.
3. Illumination flickers when you move the lamp cable or lamp housing.
4. Lamp cable is unusually hot to the touch.
5. Scorching or burning odor is produced during use.
6. Illumination still flickers after replacement with a new lamp bulb.
7.
Deformation, backlash, or looseness, etc. when you assemble the lamp
housing. (Impossibility of removing the top section of lamp housing when you
attempt to replace the lamp bulb, etc.)
8. Extreme discoloration of the lamp housing connection terminal or lamp
housing. Uneven discoloration of the left and right sections of these parts.
9. Discoloration, deformation or cracking of the lamp housing.
10. Melting, crack, deformation or solidification of the lamp cabel or a wiring part.
11. Increases frequency of servicing compared to similar devices put into use at
the same time as the lamp housing.
* When the Check Result columns become insufficient, copy this sheet.
33
MEMO
Shinjuku Monolith, 3-1, Nishi Shinjuku 2-chome, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo, Japan
EC
REP
Wendenstraße 14-18, 20097 Hamburg, Germany
3500 Corporate Parkway, P.O. Box 610, Center Valley, PA 18034-0610, U.S.A.
One Corporate Drive, Orangeburg, NY 10962, U.S.A.
491B River Valley Road, #12-01/04 Valley Point Office Tower, Singapore 248373
31 Gilby Road, Mount Waverley, VIC., 3149, Australia
5301 Blue Lagoon Drive, Suite 290 Miami, FL 33126, U.S.A.
01/10
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