VMware VCP6-DTM Study guide - Adventures in a Virtual World

VMware VCP6-DTM Study guide
Written by: Paul E. Grevink
Adventures in a Virtual World: http://paulgrevink.wordpress.com/
e: paul.grevink@gmail.com t: @paulgrevink
VMware VCP6-DT – Study Guide – Section 1
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Contents
Introduction............................................................................................................................................. 4
Resources ................................................................................................................................................ 5
VMware Horizon 6 Documentation .................................................................................................... 5
Video Based Training ........................................................................................................................... 5
Books ................................................................................................................................................... 5
Section 1: Install Horizon (with View) Server Components..................................................................... 6
Objective 1.1: Describe and differentiate between component functions and features ................... 6
Identify hardware and software requirements for installation ...................................................... 6
Identify functionality of connection server ..................................................................................... 6
Identify functionality of View Composer......................................................................................... 9
Identify functionality of a Replication Server .................................................................................. 9
Identify functionality of a Security Server ....................................................................................... 9
Describe the Horizon View agent .................................................................................................... 9
Differentiate Horizon View client access options.......................................................................... 10
Objective 1.2: Install Horizon (with View) Composer Server ............................................................ 12
Describe Horizon View Composer database and connectivity...................................................... 12
Describe Horizon View Composer service and dependencies ...................................................... 13
Navigate the Horizon View Composer installation wizard ............................................................ 14
Identify when to install Horizon View Composer in stand-alone mode ....................................... 16
Objective 1.3: Install Horizon (with View) Connection Server .......................................................... 17
Identify required firewall rules ...................................................................................................... 17
Install Horizon View Connection servers ....................................................................................... 18
Differentiate between standard and replica servers .................................................................... 23
Objective 1.4: Install Horizon (with View) Security Server ................................................................ 25
Identify required firewall rules ...................................................................................................... 25
Configure Horizon View security server pairing ............................................................................ 25
Navigate the View Connection server installation wizard ............................................................ 27
Objective 1.5: Prepare Environment for Horizon (with View) .......................................................... 32
Describe characteristics of required Active Directory domain accounts, groups, and permissions
....................................................................................................................................................... 32
Identify and describe the Group Policy Object (GPO) template files ............................................ 33
Describe Organizational Units (OUs) for machine accounts and kiosk mode client accounts ...... 34
Verify trust relationships ............................................................................................................... 35
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Describe DHCP requirements for Horizon View desktops ............................................................ 35
Objective 1.6: Install, Configure and Manage vRealize Operations Manager For Horizon ............... 37
Identify Software Requirements for vRealize Operations Manager for Horizon View ................. 37
Create an instance of the vRealize Operations Manager for Horizon View Adapter .................... 40
Install and Configure a Horizon Broker Agent ............................................................................... 47
Reference View Dashboards and Reports ..................................................................................... 53
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Introduction
These posts were written in preparation for my VCP6-DTM exam and are based on the official
VMware Blueprint.
This guide should meet the following goals:





Based on the official Blueprint, follow the objectives as close as possible.
Refer to the official VMware documentation as much as possible. For that reason, every
Objective starts with one or more references to the VMware documentation.
In case official documentation is not available or not complete, provide an alternative.
Write down the essence of every objective (the Summary part).
If necessary, provide additional explanation, instructions, examples and references to other
posts. All this without providing too much information.
I hope all this will help you in your preparation for your exam. I welcome your comments, feedback
and questions.
e: paul.grevink@gmail.com
t: @paulgrevink
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Resources
For my preparations, besides a home lab, I have used the following resources:
VMware Horizon 6 Documentation


Exam Blueprint: latest version and other info can be found here :
https://mylearn.vmware.com/mgrReg/plan.cfm?plan=64299&ui=www_cert
Official documentation, landing page:
https://www.vmware.com/support/pubs/view_pubs.html and select a release
Video Based Training

PluralSight: VMware View 5 Essentials, part 1 and 2. This training covers subjects like; View
Components, Installing View, Configuring and maintaining Desktops, User Profiles, Printing,
ThinApp etc.
Although based on View 5, this training provides a lot of useful information.
Books

VMware Horizon Suite: Building End User Services by Paul O’Doherty and Stephan Asselin,
link.
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Section 1: Install Horizon (with View) Server Components
Objective 1.1: Describe and differentiate between component functions and
features
Knowledge
Identify hardware and software requirements for installation
Official Documentation: Horizon View Installation Guide, chapter 1 “System Requirements for Server
Components”.
Summary:
System requirements (hardware- and software requirements for the following components can be
found in the Horizon View Installation Guide:



View Connection Server.
View Composer.
View Administrator (View Administrator is a Web-based application that is installed when
you install View Connection Server)
Chapter 2 “System Requirements for Guest Operating Systems” discusses requirements for Systems
running View Agent or Standalone View Persona Management
Identify functionality of connection server
Official Documentation: Horizon View Architecture Planning Guide, chapter 1, “Introduction to
View”.
Summary:
The following diagram from the “Horizon View Architecture Planning Guide” shows the relationships
between the major components of a View architecture.
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Figure 1 – Image provided by VMware
End users start Horizon Client (1) to log in to View Connection Server (2).
This server, which integrates with Windows Active Directory, provides access to remote desktops
hosted on a VMware vSphere server (3), a physical PC (5), or a Microsoft RDS host (4). Horizon Client
also provides access to remote applications on a Microsoft RDS host (4).
Main Components:






Client Devices
View Connection Server
View Security Server
View Composer Server
RDS host
View Agent
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Client Devices
A horizon Client can be a (company) laptop, (home) PC, a Mac, a tablet (Android or Apple) or Smart
phone.
View Connection Server,
acts as a broker for client connections. View Connection Server authenticates users through
Windows Active Directory and directs the request to the appropriate virtual machine, physical PC, or
Microsoft RDS host.
View Security Servers
are placed in a DMZ and communicate with a View Connection Server inside the firewall. Security
servers ensure that the only remote desktop and application traffic that can enter the corporate data
center is traffic on behalf of a strongly authenticated user.
Figure 2 - Image provided by VMware
View Composer Server
With View Composer, you can create a pool of linked clones from a specified parent virtual machine.
This strategy reduces storage costs by up to 90 percent. Each linked clone acts like an independent
desktop, with a unique host name and IP address, yet the linked clone requires significantly less
storage because it shares a base image with the parent. Because linked-clone desktop pools share a
base image, you can quickly deploy updates and patches by updating only the parent virtual
machine. End users' settings, data, and applications are not affected.
RDS host
Instead of providing end users with remote applications rather than remote desktops, they can use
the Horizon client to access remote Windows-based applications. To provide a remote application,
install the application on a Microsoft Remote Desktop Session (RDS) host. One or more RDS hosts
make up a farm, and from that farm administrators create application pools in a similar manner to
creating desktop pools.
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View Agent
The View Agent service is installed on all virtual machines, physical systems, and Microsoft RDS hosts
that are used as sources for remote desktops and applications. On virtual machines, this agent
communicates with Horizon Client to provide features such as connection monitoring, virtual
printing, View Persona Management, and access to locally connected USB devices.
Other References:
Identify functionality of View Composer
This subject is discussed in a previous section.
Identify functionality of a Replication Server
Official Documentation: Horizon View Installation Guide, chapter 4 “Installing View Connection
Server”, section “Install a Replicated Instance of View Connection Server”.
Summary:
To provide high availability and load balancing, you can install one or more additional instances of
View Connection Server that replicate an existing View Connection Server instance. After a replica
installation, the existing and newly installed instances of View Connection Server are identical.
When you install a replicated instance, View copies the View LDAP configuration data from the
existing View Connection Server instance.
After the installation, identical View LDAP configuration data is maintained on all View Connection
Server instances in the replicated group. When a change is made on one instance, the updated
information is copied to the other instances.
Identify functionality of a Security Server
This subject is discussed in a previous section.
Describe the Horizon View agent
Official Documentation: Horizon View Architecture Planning Guide, chapter 1, “Introduction to
View”.
Summary:
The View Agent service is installed on all virtual machines, physical systems, and Microsoft RDS hosts
that are used as sources for remote desktops and applications. On virtual machines, this agent
communicates with Horizon Client to provide features such as connection monitoring, virtual
printing, View Persona Management, and access to locally connected USB devices.
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Figure 3 - View Agent installation
Differentiate Horizon View client access options
Official Documentation: Horizon View Architecture Planning Guide, chapter 1, “Introduction to
View”.
Summary:
The client software for accessing remote desktops and applications can run on a tablet, a phone, a
Windows, Linux, or Mac PC or laptop, a thin client, and more.
After logging in, users select from a list of remote desktops and applications that they are authorized
to use.
Authorization can require Active Directory credentials, a UPN, a smart card PIN, or an RSA SecurID or
other two-factor authentication token.
Features differ according to which Horizon Client you use.
The final access option is the web access method, see also Figure 4.
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Figure 4 - HTML access
Tools
Horizon View Administration Guide
Horizon View Installation Guide
VMware Horizon Reference Architecture
Horizon View Administrator
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Objective 1.2: Install Horizon (with View) Composer Server
Knowledge
Describe Horizon View Composer database and connectivity
Official Documentation: Horizon View Installation Guide, chapter 4 “Installing View Composer”,
section “Prepare a View Composer Database”.
Summary:
You can run View Composer as a standalone server or on a vCenter Server.
View Composer requires an SQL database to store data. The View Composer database must reside
on, or be available to, the View Composer server host.
The View Composer database stores information about connections and components that are used
by View Composer:




vCenter Server connections
Active Directory connections
Linked-clone desktops that are deployed by View Composer
Replicas that are created by View Composer
Each instance of the View Composer service must have its own View Composer database. Multiple
View Composer services cannot share a View Composer database.
If a database server instance already exists for vCenter Server, View Composer can use that existing
instance if it is a version matches the requirements (see table). For example, View Composer can use
the Microsoft SQL Server instance provided with vCenter Server. If a database server instance does
not already exist, you must install one.
The following table lists the supported database servers and versions. For a complete list of database
versions supported with vCenter Server, always check the VMware Product Interoperability Matrixes
at http://www.vmware.com/resources/compatibility/sim/interop_matrix.php.
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Figure 5 - Image provided by VMware
The preparation of the View Composer database:



Create a database for the View Composer, either a SQL server or an Oracle database.
(optional, but highly recommended in a production environment), set correct database
permissions.
Add an ODBC Data Source to the database server.
The whole procedure is outlined in great detail in the official documentation.
Other References:
Describe Horizon View Composer service and dependencies
Official Documentation: Horizon View Installation Guide, chapter 4 “Installing View Composer”,
section “Install the View Composer Service”
Summary:
To use View Composer, you must install the View Composer service. View uses View Composer to
create and deploy linked-clone desktops in vCenter Server.
You can install the View Composer service:

on the Windows Server computer on which vCenter Server is installed or
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
on a separate Windows Server computer. A standalone View Composer installation works
with vCenter Server installed on a Windows Server computer and with the Linux-based
vCenter Server Appliance.
The View Composer software cannot coexist on the same virtual or physical machine with any other
View software component, including a replica server, security server, View Connection Server, View
Agent, or Horizon Client.
You need to fulfill the requirements before installing the View Composer Service:







Supported OS; always check the Compatibility guide, but in general: Windows Server 2008
R2 (SP1) and Windows Server 2012 R2, 64-bit version in Standard and Enterprise Edition.
Hardware Requirements; no very special requirements, the server needs an fixed IP address.
Database Requirement, see previous item.
Verify you have a license to install View Composer.
If you plan to configure an SSL certificate signed by a CA for View Composer during the
installation, verify that your certificate is imported in the Windows local computer certificate
store.
Verify that no applications that run on the View Composer computer use Windows SSL
libraries that require SSL version 2 (SSLv2) provided through the Microsoft Secure Channel
(Schannel) security package. The View Composer installer disables SSLv2 on the Microsoft
Schannel. Applications such as Tomcat, which uses Java SSL, or Apache, which uses
OpenSSL, are not affected by this constraint.
To run the View Composer installer, you must be a user with administrator privileges on the
system.
Other References:
Navigate the Horizon View Composer installation wizard
Official Documentation: Horizon View Installation Guide, chapter 4 “Installing View Composer”,
section “Install the View Composer Service”.
Summary:
A quick walkthrough on the installation wizard; Welcome & License Windows and other non-critical
Windows have been skipped.
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Figure 6 – Database Information
Figure 7 - port settings with default port
In the SSL Certificate Window, choose between the following options:
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

Create default SSL certificate. After the installation, you can replace the default certificate
with an SSL certificate signed by a CA.
Use an existing SSL certificate. Use this option to install a signed certificate.
After finishing the installation, the link between the vCenter Server and the View Composer will be
created using the View Administrator.
Other References:
Identify when to install Horizon View Composer in stand-alone mode
Official Documentation: Horizon View Installation Guide, chapter 4 “Installing View Composer”,
section “Install the View Composer Service”.
Summary:
You will need to install the View Composer in stand-alone mode:


While using the vCenter Server Appliance. The appliance is Linux-based. You cannot install
the View Composer on a Linux based OS.
In case the (Windows) based vCenter Server does not meet the View Composer
Requirements (example?).
Other References:
Tools
Horizon View Installation Guide
Horizon View Security Guide
Horizon View Administration Guide
Horizon View Architecture Planning Guide
Horizon View Administrator
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Objective 1.3: Install Horizon (with View) Connection Server
Knowledge
Identify required firewall rules
Official Documentation: Horizon View Installation Guide, chapter 4 “Installing View Connection
Server”, section “Firewall Rules for View Connection Server”.
Summary:
When you install View Connection Server, the installation program can optionally configure the
required Windows Firewall rules for you. These rules open the ports that are used by default. If you
change the default ports after installation, you must manually configure Windows Firewall to allow
Horizon Client devices to connect to View through the updated ports.
The following table lists the default ports that can be opened automatically during installation. Ports
are incoming unless otherwise noted.
Protocol
JMS
JMSIR
AJP13
HTTP
PCoIP
HTTPS
Ports
TCP 4001
TCP 4100
TCP 8009
TCP 80
TCP 4172 in;
UDP 4172
both
directions
TCP 8443
HTTPS
TCP 8472
HTTP
TCP 22389
HTTPS
TCP 22636
View Connection Server Instance Type
Standard and replica
Standard and replica
Standard and replica
Standard, replica and Security Server
Standard, replica and Security Server
Standard, replica, and security server.
After the initial connection to View is made, the Web browser on a
client device connects to the Blast Secure Gateway on TCP port 8443.
The Blast Secure Gateway must be enabled on a security server or View
Connection Server instance to allow this second connection to take
place.
Standard and replica
For the Cloud Pod Architecture feature: used for interpod
communication.
Standard and replica
For the Cloud Pod Architecture feature: used for global LDAP
replication.
Standard and replica
For the Cloud Pod Architecture feature: used for secure global LDAP
replication.
Figure 8
If your network topology includes a back-end firewall between security servers and View Connection
Server instances, you must configure certain protocols and ports on the firewall to support IPsec.
See section “Configuring a Back-End Firewall to Support IPsec” for more information.
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Other References:

See also Horizon View Architecture Planning Guide, chapter 5 “Planning for Security
Features”.
Install Horizon View Connection servers
Official Documentation: Horizon View Installation Guide, chapter 4 “Installing View Connection
Server”, section “Firewall Rules for View Connection Server”.
Summary:
Depending on the performance, availability, and security needs of your View deployment, you can
install a single instance of View Connection Server, replicated instances of View Connection Server,
and security servers. You must install at least one instance of View Connection Server.
When you install View Connection Server, you select a type of installation.
Standard installation
Generates a View Connection Server instance with a new View LDAP configuration.
Replica installation
Generates a View Connection Server instance with a View LDAP configuration that is copied from an
existing instance.
Security server installation
Generates a View Connection Server instance that adds an additional layer of security between the
Internet and your internal network.
You need to fulfill the requirements before installing the View Connection Server:






Supported OS; always check the Compatibility guide, but in general: Windows Server 2008
R2 (SP1) and Windows Server 2012 R2, 64-bit version in Standard and Enterprise Edition.
Hardware Requirements; no very special requirements, the server needs an fixed IP address.
Have a valid license key
You must join the View Connection Server host to an Active Directory domain. View
Connection Server supports Active Directory Domain Services (AD DS) domain functional
levels between Windows Server 2003 and 2012 R2.
View Connection server must not be a domain controller, have the Windows Terminal Server
role or a vCenter Server.
To run the View Connection Server installer, you must use a domain user account with
Administrator privileges on the system.
A quick walkthrough on the installation of the first View Connection Server; Welcome & License
Windows and other non-critical Windows have been skipped.
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Figure 9 –



Select the View Standard Server installation option.
Make sure that Install HTML Access is selected if you intend to allow users to connect to
their desktops by using HTML Access.
Specify the correct IP protocol.
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Figure 10 –
When you back up View Connection Server, the View LDAP configuration is exported as encrypted
LDIF data. To restore the encrypted backup View configuration, you must provide the data recovery
password. The password must contain between 1 and 128 characters.
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Figure 11
By default option Configure Windows Firewall Automatically is selected. Use the other option only if
your organization uses its own predefined rules for configuring Windows Firewall.
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Figure 12
Authorize a View Administrators account. Only members of this account can log in to View
Administrator, exercise full administration rights, and install replicated View Connection Server
instances and other View servers.
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Figure 13
Choose whether to participate in the customer experience improvement program.
You can use the silent installation feature of the Microsoft Windows Installer (MSI) to perform a
standard installation of View Connection Server on several Windows computers.
You need to fulfill the requirements; the actual command line may look something like this one:
VMware-viewconnectionserver-y.y.y-xxxxxx.exe /s /v"/qn
VDM_SERVER_INSTANCE_TYPE=1 VDM_INITIAL_ADMIN_SID=S-1-5-32-544
VDM_SERVER_RECOVERY_PWD=mini
VDM_SERVER_RECOVERY_PWD_REMINDER=""First car"""
Other References:

Pete Long at http://www.petenetlive.com wrote a series of blogposts how to deploy View 5.
From setting up Active Directory, deploying servers and setting up desktop pools. Pete has
also created some videos. The first post can be found here.
Differentiate between standard and replica servers
Official Documentation: Horizon View Installation Guide, chapter 4 “Installing View Connection
Server”, section “Install a Replicated Instance of View Connection Server”.
Summary:
To provide high availability and load balancing, you can install one or more additional instances of
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View Connection Server that replicate an existing View Connection Server instance. After a replica
installation, the existing and newly installed instances of View Connection Server are identical.
When you install a replicated instance, View copies the View LDAP configuration data from the
existing View Connection Server instance.
After the installation, identical View LDAP configuration data is maintained on all View Connection
Server instances in the replicated group. When a change is made on one instance, the updated
information is copied to the other instances.
Most of the prerequisites are identical to the first View Connection server, plus some extra:

It is possible to install a View Replica Server in different domain than the View Connection
Server. In that case, the domain user must also have View Administrator privileges on the
Windows Server computer where the first instance is installed.
The installation procedure is almost identical to the installation of the View Connection Server:


In the Installation Options window, select View Replica Server.
In the Source Server windows, enter the host name or IP address of the existing View
Connection Server instance you are replicating.
Other References:
Tools
Horizon View Installation Guide
Horizon View Security Guide
Horizon View Administration Guide
Horizon View Administrator
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Objective 1.4: Install Horizon (with View) Security Server
Knowledge
Identify required firewall rules
Official Documentation: Horizon View Installation Guide, chapter 4 “Installing View Connection
Server”, section “Install a Security Server”.
Summary:
A security server is an instance of View Connection Server that adds an additional layer of security
between the Internet and your internal network. You can install one or more security servers to be
connected to a View Connection Server instance.
Security servers are typically deployed in a DMZ and are not joined to a Windows domain. Security
Servers have a one-to-one relationship with a Connection Server.
To allow traffic to pass through the external firewall to a security server, NAT rules must be applied.
Protocol
HTTPS
HTTP1
PCoIP (TCP,
UDP)
PCoIP (TCP,
UDP)
RDP
MMR
AJP13
JMS
IPsec, ESP
NAT
traversing
IPsec, ESP
NAT
traversing
Port
443
80
4172
Source
View Client
View Client
View Client
Destination
Security Server
Security Server
Security Server
4172
Security Server
View Desktops
3389
9427
8009
4001
500
4500
Security Server
Security Server
Security Server
Security Server
Security Server
Security Server
View Desktops
View Desktops
Connection Server
Connection Server
Connection Server
Connection Server
500
4500
Connection Server
Connection Server
Security Server
Security Server
Other References:

See also Horizon View Architecture Planning Guide, chapter 5 “Planning for Security
Features”.
Configure Horizon View security server pairing
Official Documentation: Horizon View Installation Guide, chapter 4 “Installing View Connection
Server”, section “Configure a Security Server Pairing Password”.
1
Not recommended
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Summary:
Before you can install a security server, you must configure a security server pairing password. When
you install a security server with the View Connection Server installation program, the program
prompts you for this password during the installation process.
The security server pairing password is a one-time password that permits a security server to be
paired with a View Connection Server instance. The password becomes invalid after you provide it to
the View Connection Server installation program.
You need the View Administrator to configure the password.
Figure 14
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Specify the password and a timeout value.
Figure 15
Other References:
Navigate the View Connection server installation wizard
Official Documentation: Horizon View Installation Guide, chapter 4 “Installing View Connection
Server”, section “Install a Security Server”.
Summary:
Most of the prerequisites are identical to the first View Connection server, plus some extra:





Determine the type of topology to use. For example, determine which load balancing
solution to use. Decide if the View Connection Server instances that are paired with security
servers will be dedicated to users of the external network.
Verify that the View Connection Server instance to be paired with the security server is
installed and configured and is running a View Connection Server version that is compatible
with the security server version.
Configure a security server pairing password.
Familiarize yourself with the format of external URLs.
A quick walkthrough on the installation of the first View Connection Server; Welcome &
License Windows and other non-critical Windows have been skipped.
A quick walkthrough on the installation of the first View Connection Server; Welcome & License
Windows and other non-critical Windows have been skipped.
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Figure 16 – Select View Security Server
Figure 17
Type the FQDN or the IP address of the View Connection server instance to pair with the new
Security server.
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Figure 18
Provide the security server pairing password.
Figure 19
The values in Figure 22 are the defaults provided during the installation (I did not create a DMZ etc).
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The External URL is the external URL of the security server for client endpoints that use the RDP or
PCoIP display protocols. The URL must contain the protocol, client-resolvable security server name,
and port number. Tunnel clients that run outside of your network use this URL to connect to the
security server. It should look something like this: https://view.mycompany.com:443
The PCoIP External URL is the external URL of the security server for client endpoints that use the
PCoIP display protocol. Specify the PCoIP external URL as an IP address with the port number 4172.
Do not include a protocol name.
The Blast External URL is the external URL of the security server for users who use HTML Access to
connect to remote desktops. The URL must contain the HTTPS protocol, client-resolvable host name,
and port number. For example: https://view.mycompany.com:8443
Figure 20
Choose how to configure the firewall.
After finishing the installation, the Security Server should appear in the Security Servers pane in View
Administrator.
Other References:
Tools
Horizon View Installation Guide
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Horizon View Security Guide
Horizon View Administration Guide
Horizon View Administrator
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Objective 1.5: Prepare Environment for Horizon (with View)
Knowledge
Describe characteristics of required Active Directory domain accounts, groups, and
permissions
Official Documentation: Horizon View Installation Guide, chapter 3 “Preparing Active Directory” and
chapter7 “Configuring View for the First time”.
Summary:
Create Group for Users
You should create groups for different types of users in Active Directory. For example, you can create
a group called View Users for your end users and another group called View Administrators for users
that will administer remote desktops and applications.
Figure 21
Configure User accounts for vCenter Server and View Composer
When you configure View for the first time, you provide the following user accounts in View
Administrator. For each account, the required permissions are listed.

The vCenter Server user allows View and View Composer to perform operations in vCenter
Server.
o The user account must be in the same domain as your View Connection Server host
or in a trusted domain.
o You must give the user account privileges to perform certain operations in vCenter
Server. You can create a vCenter Server role with the appropriate privileges and
assign the role to the vCenter Server user. The list of privileges you add to the
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

vCenter Server role varies, depending on whether you use View with or without View
Composer.
o Only if you install View Composer on the same server as the vCenter Server; you
must add the vCenter Server user to the local Administrators group on the vCenter
Server machine.
The standalone View Composer Server user allows View to authenticate to the View
Composer service on a standalone machine.
If you install View Composer on the same machine as vCenter Server, the vCenter Server user
performs both of the preceding functions, and you do not use a standalone View Composer
Server user.
o The user account must be in the same domain as your View Connection Server host
or in a trusted domain.
o You must add the user account to the local Administrators group on the standalone
View Composer machine.
The View Composer user for AD operations allows View Composer to perform certain
operations in Active Directory.
o The user account must be in the same domain as your View Connection Server host
or in a trusted domain.
o Add the Create Computer Objects, Delete Computer Objects, and Write All
Properties permissions to the account in the Active Directory container in which the
linked-clone computer accounts are placed.
After you create and configure these user accounts, you specify the user names in View
Administrator.




You specify a vCenter Server user when you add vCenter Server to View.
You specify a standalone View Composer Server user when you configure View Composer
settings and select Standalone View Composer Server.
You specify a View Composer user for AD operations when you configure View Composer
domains.
You specify the View Composer user for AD operations when you create linked-clone pools.
Detailed information about the permission for these accounts can be found in Chapter 3.
Other References:
Identify and describe the Group Policy Object (GPO) template files
Official Documentation: Horizon View Installation Guide, chapter 3 “Preparing Active Directory”,
section “Using View Group Policy Administrative Template Files”.
Summary:
View includes several component-specific group policy administrative (ADM and ADMX) template
files.
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All ADM and ADMX files that provide group policy settings for View are available in a bundled .zip file
named VMware-Horizon-View-Extras-Bundle-x.x.x-yyyyyyy.zip, where x.x.x is the version and
yyyyyyy is the build number. You can download the file from the VMware Horizon (with View)
download site at http://www.vmware.com/go/downloadview .
You can optimize and secure remote desktops by adding the policy settings in these files to a new or
existing GPO in Active Directory and then linking that GPO to the OU that contains your desktops.
Figure 22
These group policy settings are part of View Persona Management (VMware’s answer to Roaming
profiles). The Horizon View Administration Guide and the Setting Up Desktop and Application Pools
in Horizon View , chapter 16 “Configuring Policies for Desktop and Application Pools”, provide more
information about the group policy settings.
Other References:
Describe Organizational Units (OUs) for machine accounts and kiosk mode client
accounts
Official Documentation: Horizon View Installation Guide, chapter 3 “Preparing Active Directory”,
section “Creating OUs and Groups for Kiosk Mode Client Accounts”.
Summary:
A client in kiosk mode is a thin client or a locked-down PC that runs the client software to connect to
a View Connection Server instance and launch a remote desktop session. If you configure clients in
kiosk mode, you should create dedicated OUs and groups in Active Directory for kiosk mode client
accounts.
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Creating dedicated OUs and groups for kiosk mode client accounts partitions client systems against
unwarranted intrusion and simplifies client configuration and administration.
The Horizon View Administration Guide provides more information.
Other References:
Verify trust relationships
Official Documentation: Horizon View Installation Guide, chapter 3 “Preparing Active Directory”,
“Configuring Domains and Trust Relationships”.
Summary:
You must join each View Connection Server host to an Active Directory domain. The host must not
be a domain controller. You place remote desktops in the same domain as the View Connection
Server host or in a domain that has a two-way trust relationship with the View Connection Server
host's domain. Specifically this must be an external non-transitive two-way trust.
For a quick refresh on Trust Transitivity, see here.
To determine which domains it can access, a View Connection Server instance traverses trust
relationships beginning with its own domain.
You can use the vdmadmin command to configure domain filtering to limit the domains that a View
Connection Server instance searches and that it displays to users.
Other References:
Describe DHCP requirements for Horizon View desktops
Official Documentation: Setting Up Desktop and Application Pools in Horizon View
Summary:
DHCP requirements are related to the subject of pool deployments. Automated desktop pools are
based on virtual machine templates. A template includes an installed guest operating system and a
set of applications. Part of this process is the Guest Customization, which provides configuration
information for general properties such as licensing, domain attachment, and DHCP settings.
When using DHCP, the configuration of the DHCP server, especially the number of available IP
addresses must match the maximum number of machines in the desktop pool(s). Other parameters
must also be correct (DNS and Default gateway settings).
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Other References:
Tools
Horizon View Installation Guide
Horizon View Security Guide
Horizon View Administration Guide
Setting Up Desktop and Application Pools in Horizon
Horizon View Administrator
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Objective 1.6: Install, Configure and Manage vRealize Operations Manager
For Horizon
Knowledge
Identify Software Requirements for vRealize Operations Manager for Horizon View
Official Documentation: VMware vRealize Operations for Horizon Installation, chapter 1 and 2.
Summary:
vRealize Operations for Horizon collects performance data from monitored software and hardware
objects in your View environment and provides predictive analysis and real-time information about
problems in your View infrastructure.
vRealize Operations for Horizon builds on vRealize Operations Manager and consists of these
components:



Horizon Desktop Agent
Horizon Broker Agent
View Adapter
The following diagram shows the correlation between the components:
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Figure 23 - Image provided by VMware
The vRealize Operations for Horizon desktop agent runs on each remote desktop virtual machine,
RDS host, or terminal server in your View environment. It collect metrics and performance data and
send that data to the View adapter.
In Horizon View 5.2 and later and Horizon 6.0.x with View environments, the desktop agent is
installed as part of the View Agent installation. See Figure 3.
If you have a View 5.0 or 5.1 environments, you must manually install the desktop agent on your
desktops.
The vRealize Operations for Horizon broker agent is a Windows service that runs on a View
Connection Server host, collects View inventory information, and sends that information to the View
adapter.
If your View environment includes an events database, you must configure the broker agent to
collect events from the database and send them to the View adapter. You can optionally configure
the broker agent to monitor only specific desktop pools in your View environment.
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You install the broker agent on one View Connection Server host in each View pod in your
environment. You must install only one broker agent in each View pod.
The broker agent has the following software requirements:




View Connection Server 5.0 or later
Microsoft .NET Framework version 3.5
View Connection Server 5.3: PowerShell 3.0
View Connection Server 5.2 or earlier: PowerShell 2.0
NOTE View Connection Server 6.0 uses the View API instead of PowerShell.
The View adapter runs on a cluster node or remote collector node in vRealize Operations Manager.
You can create a single View adapter instance to monitor multiple View pods. During broker agent
configuration, you pair the broker agent with a View adapter instance.
If you are monitoring multiple View pods, you can pair the broker agent installed in each pod with
the same View adapter instance as long as the total number of desktops that the View adapter
instance handles does not exceed 10,000. If you need to create multiple View adapter instances, you
must create each adapter instance on a unique cluster node or remote collector.
IMPORTANT Creating more than one View adapter instance per cluster node or remote collector is
not supported.
The View adapter has the following software requirements.


vRealize Operations Manager 6.0
Licenses that enable vRealize Operations for Horizon 6.0 and vRealize Operations Manager
6.0
General Product compatibility; vRealize Operations for Horizon is compatible with the following View
and VMware vRealize Operations Manager versions.




VMware View 5.0 or 5.1.x
VMware Horizon View 5.2.x or 5.3.x
VMware Horizon 6.0.x with View
VMware vRealize Operations Manager 6.0
Other References:
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Create an instance of the vRealize Operations Manager for Horizon View Adapter
Official Documentation: VMware vRealize Operations for Horizon Installation, chapter 3.
Summary:
Before you can start, prerequisites must be met:



View must be installed and running.
vRealize Operations Manager is deployed and running.
vCenter adapter instance is configured for each vCenter Server instance in your View
infrastructure.
The complete procedure:
1. Install vRealize Operations for Horizon solution from a PAK file in vRealize Operations
Manager.
2. Add a vRealize Operations for Horizon License Key.
3. Associate View Objects with Your vRealize Operations for Horizon License Key.
4. Create an Instance of the View Adapter.
5. Install the vRealize Operations for Horizon Broker Agent on one View Connection Server host
in each View pod in your View environment.
6. Configure the vRealize Operations for Horizon Broker Agent using the wizard.
7. Verify your vRealize Operations for Horizon Installation.
Install vRealize Operations for Horizon solution from a PAK file
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Figure 24 - Add solution
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Figure 25 - Browse for .PAK file and Upload
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Figure 26 - Installation is finished
Adding the License key
Figure 27 – Add and validate the key
After adding the license key, the next step is to associate View Objects with the license key
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A license group is a way to gather certain objects, called license group members, under a particular
license key. By default, the vRealize Operations Manager and vRealize Operations for Horizon license
groups both include all host, virtual machine, and datastore objects. Because these objects are
members of both license groups, they are covered by both your vRealize Operations Manager license
and your vRealize Operations for Horizon license.
Each license group includes membership criteria that you can use to filter the objects that are
members of the license group. By editing the membership criteria for the vRealize Operations
Manager and vRealize Operations for Horizon license groups, you can specify that certain objects are
covered only under your vRealize Operations for Horizon license key.
The steps are described in great detail in the official documentation. It comes down to edit the
membership criteria for both license groups.
The license group for vRealize Operations for Horizon is called VMware Horizon Solution Licensing.
The license group for vRealize Operations Manager is called Product Licensing.
Figure 28
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Figure 29 - Editing Membership citeria
Figure 30
The next step is the configuration of the View Adapter.
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Figure 31 -
Select the VMware Horizon Solution and click the Configure button
Figure 32


Select the View Adapter
Provide a name and description
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



Create a new credential
Test Connection
Select Collector
Save Settings
After the installation and configuration of the Broker Agent, you can verify your work.
In to the vRealize Operations Manager user interface, select Dashboard List > View, and click the
View Adapter Self Health tab. From here, select a View adapter in the Select View Adapter widget to
view the status of the adapter. Use the View Broker Agent Status widget to view metrics for the
selected broker agent.
Figure 33 – check status of View Adapter and View Broker Agent
Other References:

http://www.virtuallyvirtuoso.com/vrealize-operations-for-horizon-view-6-quick-setup-guide/
Install and Configure a Horizon Broker Agent
Official Documentation: VMware vRealize Operations for Horizon Installation, chapter 3.
Summary:
Procedure:
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

Make sure Microsoft .NET Framework version 3.5 is installed.
The installation is pretty basic
Figure 34 -
After the installation, the configuration wizard automatically loads. The complete procedure is
described in great detail in the official guide. A few screenshots.
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Figure 35 – provide address of the vRealize Operations Manager node
Pair the Broker Agent, specify the key defined during the configuration of the View Adapter.
Figure 36
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Figure 37 - Provide credentials and Validate
You can choose to monitor specific Desktop pools or all pools.
Figure 38
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Figure 39
After finishing the wizard, the Configuration pane shows up.
Note, in my example, I have not configured the Event database.
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Figure 40
Apply the settings and Close the Window.
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Other References:
Reference View Dashboards and Reports
Official Documentation: VMware vRealize Operations for Horizon Administrator Guide and
Maximizing the Use of VMware vRealize Operations for Horizon
Summary:
Especially the Maximizing the Use of VMware vRealize Operations for Horizon provides a lot of
useful information in getting up to speed with vRealize Operations for Horizon. This guide provides
an introduction to this product and exercises how to use Dashboards, Alerts and Reports.
Other References:
Tools
VMware vRealize Operations for Horizon Administrator Guide
VMware vRealize Operations for Horizon Installation
VMware vRealize Operations for Horizon Security
Maximizing the Use of VMware vRealize Operations for Horizon
Horizon View Administrator
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