Fire and Life Safety Analysis of the Grant M. Brown Engineering

Fire and Life Safety Analysis
Grant M. Brown Engineering Building #41
California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo
Daniel Gregory Blanchat
June 12th, 2014
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1
Statement of Disclaimer
This project report is a result of a class assignment; it has been graded and accepted as
fulfillment of the course requirements. Acceptance of this report in fulfillment of the course
requirements does not imply technical accuracy or reliability. Any use of information in this
report is done at the risk of the user. These risks may include, but may not be limited to,
catastrophic failure of the device or infringement of patent or copyright laws. California
Polytechnic State University at San Luis Obispo and its staff cannot be held liable for any use or
misuse of the project.
Key words: Fire and Life Safety Analysis, Life Safety Code, RSET, ASET, Performance Based
Design, Fire Dynamics Simulator
About the Author:
I came to San Luis Obispo from Fresno, CA. I completed my undergrad at California
State University, Fresno as part of the Smittcamp Family Honors College. My undergrad
consisted of a Physiology & Anatomy Major with a Chemistry Minor. During my masters degree
I was actively involved as an officer for Cal Poly’s chapter of the Society of Fire Protection
Engineers and recipient of their annual scholarship in my first year. After graduation I will be
starting as a Level 1 Fire Protection Engineer for AECOM out of Orange, CA. I would like to
thank you for taking time to read my culminating project report.
Daniel Blanchat
559-940-2414
dgb88@sbcglobal.net
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Executive Summary
This fire and life safety analysis was performed on the Grant M. Brown Engineering
Building in order to determine if the building meets the life safety goals set forth by a
prescriptive and performance based analysis. This building was built to a strict set of codes and
standards.
For the prescriptive analysis the buildings egress design, fire detection and alarm
systems, fire sprinkler system, occupancy classification, construction type, and structural fire
protection are evaluated in terms of the life safety of the occupants.
In the performance based design analysis four computer based programs were used to
model egress and fire simulated conditions. These models produced outputs that could be
compared to tenability limits for the occupants to determine if the Available Safe Egress Time
(ASET) was longer than the Required Safe Egress Time (RSET).
In the first design fire scenario a sofa located off the main exit corridor ignites. At 240
seconds the tenability limit for visibility is reached, setting the Available Safe Egress Time
(ASET). Full evacuation of the building is accomplished by 191.5 seconds, leaving a margin of
48.5 seconds before conditions become untenable. This building passed the performance
based design criteria for maintaining tenability of the occupants during the complete egress of
the building.
In the second design fire scenario a set of office storage cabinets located under the main
exit stairs on the east side ignites. At 180 seconds the tenability limit for visibility is reached,
setting the Available Safe Egress Time (ASET). Full evacuation of the building is accomplished by
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252.3 seconds. This evacuation time is more than the first scenario because the stairs become
unusable in terms of visual tenability 60 seconds after the start of the fire and thus forcing the
second story occupants to have to use only the remaining stairs on the west side of the
building. The Available Safe Egress Time does not exceed the Required Safe Egress Time. This
building fails the performance based design criteria for maintaining tenability of the occupants
during the complete egress of the building.
The end of this analysis makes recommendations on how to improve the buildings fire
safety from the results found in the study.
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Table of Contents
1
Statement of Disclaimer ......................................................................................................... 2
2
Executive Summary................................................................................................................. 3
3
Acronyms and Abbreviations ................................................................................................ 10
4
Building Introduction ............................................................................................................ 11
5
Applicable Codes and Standards........................................................................................... 13
6
Current Codes and Standards Applied for Analysis .............................................................. 13
7
Building Overview ................................................................................................................. 14
7
Building Overview ................................................................................................................. 16
8
7.1
Building Square Footage ................................................................................................ 17
7.2
Building Height ............................................................................................................... 17
7.3
Allowable Increases ........................................................................................................ 17
7.4
Frontage Increase ........................................................................................................... 18
7.5
Area Modifications ......................................................................................................... 18
7.6
Adjusted Values for Table 503 from the IBC 2012. ........................................................ 19
Prescriptive-Based Design..................................................................................................... 19
8.1
Egress System ................................................................................................................. 19
8.1.1
System Overview .................................................................................................... 19
8.1.2
Occupancy Classification ......................................................................................... 21
8.1.3
Occupant Load Factors (OLFs) and Exit Capacities ................................................. 22
8.1.4
Size, Arrangement, and Number of Means of Egress ............................................. 24
8.1.5
Horizontal Exits, Exit Signs, & Fire Rated Separation.............................................. 28
8.2
Fire Detection, Alarm, and Communication Systems .................................................... 31
8.2.1
Devices & Compliance with NFPA ........................................................................... 33
8.2.1.1
Fire Alarm Control Panel (FACP) ..................................................................... 33
8.2.1.2
Smoke Detectors............................................................................................. 34
8.2.1.3
Heat Detectors ................................................................................................ 36
8.2.1.4
Duct Detectors ................................................................................................ 38
8.2.1.5
Manual Pull Station......................................................................................... 40
8.2.2
Disposition of Alarm, Supervisory Signals, & Trouble Signals ................................ 42
8.2.3
Alarm Notification Devices & Compliance with NFPA ............................................ 44
8.2.4
Mass Notification System ....................................................................................... 48
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8.2.5
Secondary Power Supply ........................................................................................ 50
8.2.6
Inspection, Testing, & Maintenance ....................................................................... 50
8.3
Fire Suppression Systems ............................................................................................... 54
8.3.1
Water Supply Test Data .......................................................................................... 54
8.3.2
Classification & Design Criteria ............................................................................... 55
8.3.3
Manual Hydraulic Calculations ............................................................................... 55
8.3.4
Location of Components & Sprinkler Specifications............................................... 56
8.3.4.1
Risers:.............................................................................................................. 56
8.3.4.2
Cross-Mains: ................................................................................................... 58
8.3.4.3
Branch Lines: ................................................................................................... 58
8.3.4.4
Sprinklers: ....................................................................................................... 58
8.3.5
8.4
9
Inspection, Testing, & Maintenance ....................................................................... 61
Structural Fire Protection ............................................................................................... 63
8.4.1
Construction Type and Fire-Resistance Requirements........................................... 63
8.4.2
Walls/Partitions ...................................................................................................... 63
Performance-Based Design ................................................................................................... 66
9.1
Performance Criteria ...................................................................................................... 66
9.2
Tenability Requirements ................................................................................................ 67
9.2.1
Temperature: < 60°C for >30 minutes .................................................................... 67
9.2.2
Visibility: 4 Meters .................................................................................................. 68
9.2.3
Radiant Heat Flux: < 2.5 kW/m2.............................................................................. 68
9.2.4
Carbon Monoxide: 1,000 ppm for 30 minutes ....................................................... 69
9.3
Available Safe Egress Time vs. Required Safe Egress Time ............................................ 69
9.3.1
Available Safe Egress Time (ASET) .......................................................................... 70
9.3.2
Required Safe Egress Time (RSET) .......................................................................... 70
9.3.4
Detection Time (td) and Notification Time (ta)........................................................ 71
9.3.5
Pre-Movement (to) and Action Time (ti).................................................................. 72
9.3.6
Travel Time (te)........................................................................................................ 72
9.4
Computer Modeling Software........................................................................................ 72
9.4.1
Pathfinder ............................................................................................................... 72
9.4.2
PyroSim ................................................................................................................... 73
9.4.3
Fire Dynamics Simulator (FDS) ................................................................................ 73
9.4.4
Smokeview (SMV) ................................................................................................... 73
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9.5
Design Fire Scenarios ..................................................................................................... 74
9.6
Scenario 1 – Corridor Lounge Area ................................................................................ 75
9.6.1
HRR ............................................................................................................................. 76
9.6.2
PyroSim ....................................................................................................................... 77
9.6.3
FDS .............................................................................................................................. 77
9.6.4
ASET vs RSET ............................................................................................................... 79
9.6.5
Summary of Scenario 1 ............................................................................................... 82
9.7
Scenario 2 – Cabinet Fire in the Main Walkway ............................................................ 84
9.7.1
HRR ............................................................................................................................. 85
9.7.2
PyroSim ....................................................................................................................... 85
9.7.3
FDS .............................................................................................................................. 86
9.7.4
ASET vs RSET ............................................................................................................... 88
9.7.5
Summary of Scenario 2 ............................................................................................... 92
10 Conclusion ............................................................................................................................. 93
11 Recommendations ................................................................................................................ 94
12 References ............................................................................................................................ 94
Appendix A
Fire Detection, Alarm, and Communication Systems ......................................... 96
Secondary Power Supply .......................................................................................................... 96
Fire Alarm Plan Drawings .......................................................................................................... 97
Room Spacing for Alarm & Notification Devices .................................................................... 102
Catalog Cut Sheets .................................................................................................................. 103
Appendix B
Fire Suppression Systems .................................................................................. 116
Fire Suppression System Plan Drawings ................................................................................. 116
Fire Sprinkler System Most Remote Area ............................................................................... 117
Hydraulic Calculation for the Most Remote Area of the Building .......................................... 119
Water Supply Graph................................................................................................................ 122
Appendix C
Fire Drill Plan ..................................................................................................... 123
Appendix D
Emergency Evacuation Plan .............................................................................. 124
Policy ....................................................................................................................................... 125
Building Evacuation Procedure ............................................................................................... 126
Evacuation Instructions........................................................................................................... 126
Emergency Evacuation Personnel........................................................................................... 127
Building Coordinators ......................................................................................................... 127
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University Police / SLO City Fire .......................................................................................... 127
Appendix E FDS Input Files ....................................................................................................... 129
Scenario 1................................................................................................................................ 129
Scenario 2................................................................................................................................ 137
Figure 1: Map of San Luis Obispo, CA ........................................................................................... 12
Figure 2: Location on Campus....................................................................................................... 12
Figure 3: First Floor Layout ........................................................................................................... 14
Figure 4: Second Floor Layout....................................................................................................... 15
Figure 5: East Side Doors
Figure 6: East Side Stairs ............................................................... 20
Figure 7: West Side Stairs ............................................................................................................. 21
Figure 8: Exits and Stairs – Level 1 ................................................................................................ 26
Figure 9: Exits and Stairs – Level 2 ................................................................................................ 27
Figure 10: Horizontal Exits & Exit Signs – Level 1 ......................................................................... 30
Figure 11: Horizontal Exits & Exit Signs – Level 2 ......................................................................... 31
Figure 12: NFS2-640 ...................................................................................................................... 33
Figure 13: FSP-715T with B710LP Figure 14: FSP-751 & FSP-751T ........................................... 34
Figure 15: FST-751 Figure 16: FST-751 Wiring Diagram ........................................................... 36
Figure 17: FSD-751P ...................................................................................................................... 38
Figure 18: FSD-751P Wiring Diagram ............................................................................................ 38
Figure 19: NBG-12LX Manual Pull Station .................................................................................... 40
Figure 20: Manual Pull Station in Hall ........................................................................................... 41
Figure 21: System Sensor P241575 & S241575 ............................................................................ 44
Figure 22: dBA Rule ....................................................................................................................... 46
Figure 23: Code Blue InterAct 4100 Speakerphone...................................................................... 48
Figure 24: Building A Riser
Figure 25: Building B Riser ............................................ 56
Figure 26: Riser Diagram ............................................................................................................... 57
Figure 27: Bracing Diagram
Figure 28: Pipe Hangers Diagram ................................ 60
Figure 29: Wall/Partition Diagram ................................................................................................ 64
Figure 30: Partition Differentiation............................................................................................... 65
Figure 31: Tenability Limits for Heat ............................................................................................. 67
Figure 32: Tenability for Visibility – SFPE Hb. Table 2-4.2 ............................................................ 68
Figure 33: Heat Flux & Temperature from the SFPE Hb. Figure 2-6.29 ........................................ 69
Figure 34: ASET vs RSET Chart....................................................................................................... 71
Figure 35: Scenario 1 – Couch in the Corridor
Figure 36: Scenario 1 - Corridor...... 75
Figure 37: Scenario 1 – F32 Sofa HRR (SFPE Hb Figure 3-1.52) .................................................... 76
Figure 38: Scenario 1 – PyroSim Overview
Figure 39: Scenario 1 – Couch ................. 77
Figure 40: Scenario 1 – FDS Overview .......................................................................................... 77
Figure 41: Scenario 1 - Sprinkler Activates @ 59 Seconds............................................................ 78
Figure 42: 41 Scenario 1 Tenability >4m at 60 Seconds ............................................................... 78
Figure 43: Scenario 1 Tenability < 60°C at 60 Seconds ................................................................. 79
Figure 44: Scenario 1 – Tenability Limit is Reached for >4m Visibility 6 ft Above Floor @ 240s . 79
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Figure 45: Scenario 1 - Tenability of < 60°C Has Not Been Exceeded at 240 Seconds ................ 80
Figure 46: Pathfinder – Overview of the Building Before Egress Begins ...................................... 81
Figure 47: Pathfinder at 81.5 Seconds and Complete Evacuation ............................................... 81
Figure 48: Scenario 1 Sprinkler Temperature ............................................................................... 82
Figure 49: Scenario 1 HRR vs. Time............................................................................................... 82
Figure 50: Scenario 1 – ASET vs. RSET........................................................................................... 83
Figure 51: Scenario 2 – Cabinets in Main Walkway
Figure 52: Cabinets Under the Stairs . 84
Figure 53: Sprinkler Location ........................................................................................................ 84
Figure 54: Scenario 2 – Metal Office Storage Units HRR (SFPE Hb Figure 3-1.15) ....................... 85
Figure 55: Scenario 2 – PyroSim Overview
Figure 56: Scenario 2 – Cabinets ...................... 86
Figure 57: Scenario 2 – FDS Overview .......................................................................................... 86
Figure 58: Scenario 2 - Tenability >4m at 60 Seconds .................................................................. 87
Figure 59: Scenario 2 - Tenability < 60°C at 60 Seconds ............................................................... 87
Figure 60: Scenario 2 – Tenability Limit is Reached for >4m Visibility 6 ft Above Floor @ 180s . 88
Figure 61: Scenario 2 - Sprinkler Fires at 231 Seconds ................................................................. 88
Figure 62: Scenario 2 - Tenability Limit is Reached for <60°C Temp 6 ft Above Floor @ 300s .... 88
Figure 63: Scenario 2 – Pathfinder Overview Before Egress Begins with East Stairs Closed ....... 89
Figure 64: Scenario 2 - Pathfinder at 60 Seconds When East Exit is Untenable To Use .............. 90
Figure 65: Scenario 2 - Pathfinder at 141.3 Seconds and Complete Evacuation ......................... 90
Figure 66: Scenario 2 Sprinkler Temperature ............................................................................... 92
Figure 67: Scenario 2 HRR vs. Time............................................................................................... 92
Figure 68: Scenario 2 – ASET vs RSET............................................................................................ 93
Table 1: Gross Floor Area .............................................................................................................. 16
Table 2: Building Square Footage ................................................................................................. 17
Table 3: Allowable Increases (SF in on a single story basis) ......................................................... 18
Table 4: Adjusted Values for Table 503 from the IBC 2012 .......................................................... 19
Table 5: Occupancy Types ............................................................................................................. 22
Table 6: Occupancy Classification and Loading Factors ............................................................... 23
Table 7: First Floor - Calculated Occupant Load ........................................................................... 23
Table 8: First Floor – Calculated Exit Capacity .............................................................................. 23
Table 9: Second Floor - Calculated Occupant Load ...................................................................... 24
Table 10: Second Floor – Calculated Exit Capacity ....................................................................... 24
Table 11: FACP-NFS2-640.............................................................................................................. 33
Table 12: NOTIFIER FSP-751.......................................................................................................... 34
Table 13: FST-751 .......................................................................................................................... 36
Table 14: FSD-751P Specifications ................................................................................................ 38
Table 15: NBG-12LX Specifications ............................................................................................... 40
Table 16: System Sensor P241575 & S241575 ............................................................................. 44
Table 17: System Sensor P1224MC & S1224MC .......................................................................... 45
Table 18: Actual Flow Test Information ........................................................................................ 55
Table 19: NFPA 13 Table A.27.1 (2013 Edition) ............................................................................ 62
Table 20: CBC 2010 Edition - Table 601 ........................................................................................ 63
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Table 21: Tenability Limits ............................................................................................................ 67
Table 22: Secondary Power Supply ............................................................................................... 96
3
Acronyms and Abbreviations
AHJ
ASET
Cal Poly
CBC
CFC
CFD
CPSU
CPU
CSFM
EOL
EPSS
FACP
FATC
FDS
GPM
HRR
ITM
LSC
NFPA
NIST
PSI
RSET
SFPE
UL
Authority Having Jurisdiction
Available Safe Egress Time
California Polytechnic State University
California Building Code
California Fire Code
Computational Fluid Dynamics
California Polytechnic State University
Central Processing Unit
California State Fire Marshal
End of Line
Emergency Power Supply System
Fire Alarm Control Panel
Fire Alarm Terminal Cabinet
Fire Dynamic Simulator
Gallons Per Minute
Heat Release Rate
Inspection, Testing, and Maintenance
Life Safety Code
National Fire Protection Association
National Institute of Technology
Pounds per Square Inch
Required Safe Egress Time
Society of Fire Protection Engineers
Underwriter Laboratory
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4
Building Introduction
The Grant M. Brown Engineering Building (Building 41) was constructed on the
northwest side of Californian Polytechnic State University of San Luis Obispo’s (Cal Poly) main
campus on the corner of Highland and California. Two levels make up the structure. The
building consists of two main entrances located on the east and west side. There are two set of
stairs with the East being on the interior and open to the second floor. The West stairs are
positioned on the exterior. An elevator is located to the West side of the building connecting
the two floors. The main building on the north side is designated as Building A. The two
remaining satellite buildings are Building B on southeast side and Building C on the southwest
accompany the main building.
This building houses many different rooms. The classrooms, computer labs, and
research labs are found spanning the middle section of Building A. The teacher offices and
conference rooms are found in Building A along the north facing wall. The mechanic shops are
found on the south side of Building A. The flight simulator can be found on the satellite room
to Building A located on its west side. Building B houses the wind tunnel and stands alone from
the rest except for a masonry wall that is built to close off the inner yard behind the mechanic
shops.
Figure 1 below shows the location of the building on the Cal Poly campus.
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Figure 1: Map of San Luis Obispo, CA
Figure 2: Location on Campus
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5
Applicable Codes and Standards
Used During Construction
 Building Standards Administrative Code
– 2001 Edition

California Building Code
– CBC 2001 Edition

California Plumbing Code
– CPC 2001 Edition

California Mechanical Code
– CMC 2001 Edition

California Fire Code
– CFC 2001 Edition

California Electrical Code
– CEC 2001 Edition

Energy Efficiency Standards
– 2001 Edition

National Electrical Code
– NEC 2001 Edition

NFPA 13: Automatic Sprinkler Systems
– 1996 Edition

NFPA 72: National Fire Alarm Code
– 1999 Edition
6
Current Codes and Standards Applied for Analysis
Used For Analysis
 California Building Code
– CBC 2010 Edition

California Plumbing Code
– CPC 2010 Edition

California Mechanical Code
– CMC 2010 Edition

California Fire Code
– CFC 2010 Edition

California Electrical Code
– CEC 2010 Edition

International Building Code (IBC)
– 2012 Edition

NFPA Fire Protection Handbook
– 20th Edition

NFPA 13: Automatic Sprinkler Systems
– 2013 Edition

NFPA 72: National Fire Alarm Code
– 2010 Edition

NFPA 101: Life Safety Code (LSC)
– 2012 Edition

SFPE Handbook of Fire Protection Engineering
– 4th
Edition
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7
Building Overview
Figure 3: First Floor Layout
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7
Building Overview
Figure 4: Second Floor Layout
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7
Building Overview
Gross Floor Area
Table 1: Gross Floor Area
First Floor Buildings
Building ‘A’
Building ‘B’
Building ‘C’
Gross Floor Area in Square Feet (SF)
19,348 SF
5, 869 SF
1,314 SF
Total: 26, 531 SF
Second Floor Buildings
Building ‘A’ Only
Gross Floor Area in Square Feet (SF)
11,827 SF
Total: 11,827 SF
Total Floor Area: 38,358 SF
Occupancy Classification
Business Occupancy
- NFPA 101 LSC 2012
Business Group B
- CBC 2010 Section 304.1
Type of Construction
Type II-B
Sprinkler Design
Light Hazard
Ordinary Hazard Group 1
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7.1
Building Square Footage
Table 2: Building Square Footage
Building Level
Building A, Level 1
Building A, Level 2
Building B
Building C
TOTAL:
7.2
Gross Square Footage (G.S.F.)
19,348 SF
11,827 SF
5,869 SF
1,314 SF
38,358 SF
Building Height
The Grant M. Brown Engineering building is a two story structure. Building A is a single
story building that is sanctioned as the main building. Building A has an actual building height
of 45’.
The two satellite buildings (Building B and C) lie to the south and southwest of the main
building. The two satellite buildings are both single story structures.
This building does not qualify as a high-rise structure because no floors are used for
human occupancy located more than 75 feet above the lowest floor level having building
access. For reference, see the CBC, 2010 in Section 403.1.
7.3
Allowable Increases
The CBC 2010 and the IBC 2012 specify allowable increases to be made to the code for
building height, area, and the number of allowed stories. This is approved as long as it meets
the requirements for an installed automatic sprinkler system. This system needs to be installed
throughout the building, and the building must maintain a certain level of frontage area.
Section 504.2
The value listed in Table 503 can be increased by 20 feet above the listed building
height. The number of stories is also allowed to be increased by 1.
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Section 506.2
The allowable building area increase due to street frontage.
Section 506.3
Defines the allowable building area increase due to automatic sprinkler system
instillation.
Type II-B, Business Occupancy
Table 3: Allowable Increases (SF in on a single story basis)
Building Height
Area
# of Stories
7.4
Actual
45’
19,348 SF
2
Allowable
55’
23,000 SF
4
Adjusted (Sprinklered)
75’
86, 250 SF
5
Passes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Frontage Increase
If = [F/P - 0.25]W/30
If
F
= Area increase due to frontage
= Building perimeter that fronts on a public way or open space having 20 feet open minimum
width (feet).
P = Perimeter of entire building (feet).
W = Width of public way or open space (feet) accordance w/ Sec. 506.2.1.
If = [1-.25]30/30
If = 0.75
7.5
Area Modifications
Aa = { At + [At x If] + [At x Is]}
Aa = Allowable building area per story (SF).
At = Tabular building area per story in accordance with Table 503 (23,000 SF).
If = Area increase factor due to frontage as calculated in accordance with Section 506.2.
Is = Area increase factor due to sprinkler protection as calculated in accordance with Section 506.3.
Aa = At +(At x 0.75) + (At x 2)
Aa = At (1 + 0.75 + 2)
Aa = 3.75At
Aa = 86,250 SF
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7.6
Adjusted Values for Table 503 from the IBC 2012.
Table 4: Adjusted Values for Table 503 from the IBC 2012
Adjusted
B
S
A
Height
UL
UL
UL
12
UL
180
6
140,625
85
4
86,250
75
6
106,875
85
4
71,250
75
6
135,000
85
4
67,500
70
3
33,750
60
Shows that the building even meets the most minimum standard after being adjusted for an automatic sprinkler system
8
Prescriptive-Based Design
8.1
Egress System
8.1.1 System Overview
This building models a basic style of construction with an upside down L shape. Only the
northern part of the building has a second floor. The buildings primary egress path is the main
corridor that spans the length of the building on both floors. It is connected on the interior by
an open air staircase on the east side. This is a 1 hour fire-rated corridor as required by the LSC
“7.1.3.1 Exit Access Corridors. Corridors used as exit access and serving an area having an
occupant load exceeding 30 shall be separated from other parts of the building by walls having
not less than a 1-hour fire resistance rating in accordance with Section 8.3”
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Upon examining the premises you will notice it has two stairs. One of the stairs is
located on the east side of the building and is an interior open air staircase. Neither of these
stairs are located in a fire protected enclosure due to the fact that the building only has two
connecting floors. This meets the Life Safety Code (LSC) standard 7.1.3.2.1. The code reads,
“The separation shall have a minimum 1-hour fire resistance rating where the exit connects
three or fewer stories.” The ending of it lands right next to an exit leading to a public way.
Here we find the double doors leading out of the building to be 36 inches each for a total 72
inches of doorway. The stairs are 48 inches of nominal width with 42 inches of clearance
(actual measurements) once handrails are taken into effect. This is a standard style staircase
with a landing located at the midpoint.
Figure 5: East Side Doors
Figure 6: East Side Stairs
The second staircase is located on the west side opposite of the first. This staircase is
located outside and it is considered that you exited the building upon reaching it. This staircase
also has a width of 48 inches of nominal width with 42 inches of room after the handrails have
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been taken into account. The construction of this stair is a switchback design with an
intermediate landing between levels. To reach it you exit through the two double doors (36
inches for a combined 72 inches) to the outside where the stairs are located.
Figure 7: West Side Stairs
Another means of egress that should be noted is the elevator. It is located on the
northwest side of the building. Though this has the capability of moving people we cannot
consider it into our plan for an appropriate means of egress in case of a fire. It is too much risk
to recommend people use it due to a possible mechanical failure and entrapment of the
passengers it carries in an emergency situation.
8.1.2 Occupancy Classification
In section 6.1.11 of the LSC, Building 41 is categorized under Group B as a Business
Occupancy. This is justified in section 6.1.11.1 (3) that reads, “College and university
instructional buildings, classrooms under 50 persons, and instructional laboratories.” This
building is not considered an Educational Occupancy because section 6.1.2.2 states that,
“Educational occupancies are limited to facilities used for educational purposes through the
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twelfth grade.” A college classroom does not meet this criterion and is classified as a business
occupancy. The CBC also defines this as, “Educational occupancies for students above the 12th
grade” (CBC, 2010, Section 304). The different occupancies used in Building 41 are shown in
the table below.
Table 5: Occupancy Types
Use
Offices, Classrooms, and
Laboratories (<50 people)
Occupancy Type
B
Electrical, Mechanical,
Telephone, and Data
S-1
Storage
S-2
Occupancy Definition
Facilities for office, professional, or servicetype transactions.
Educational occupancies for students above
the 12th grade.
Laboratories: testing, research and [SFM]
instruction
Facilities used for moderate hazard storage
and not classified as a hazardous
occupancy.
Facilities used for low hazard storage and
not classified as a hazardous occupancy.
8.1.3 Occupant Load Factors (OLFs) and Exit Capacities
When Exit Capacities are calculated, it is recommended to reference Table 7.3.3.1 from
the LSC Handbook. Here it shows when calculating the Exit Capacity for stairs a capacity factor
of .3 inches per person is used in the calculations. Doors use a capacity factor of .2 inches per
person. When a set of stairs ends at a door/set of doors the limiting factor calculated from the
two different capacity factors (.3 and .2) is used. For stairs wider than 44 inches and subject to
the .3 in rule, Equation 7.3.3.2 from LSC is used. For the first floor the exit capacity was
calculated to be able to handle 1620 people in need of egress. This covers the estimated 445
people in the building and leaves a margin of safety of 1,175 people. The second floor was
calculated to be able to exit 330 people when only 142 people were required, leaving a margin
of safety of 188 people. This building then does in fact meet all egress capacity needs.
22 | B l a n c h a t
Table 6: Occupancy Classification and Loading Factors
Occupancy Classification and Loading Factors per NFPA 101
Use
Load Factor (ft2/Person)
Offices (Business)
100
Laboratories (Educational)
50
Conference Room (Assembly less Concentrated)
15
Storage (S-1)
300
Storage (S-2)
300
Bathrooms
0
Walkways
0
Occupant load is calculated using the formula:
Table 7: First Floor - Calculated Occupant Load
Building 1st Floor Usage
Building A
Offices
Laboratories
Conference Rm.
Storage (S-1)
Storage (S-2)
Bathrooms
Walkways
Gross Floor Area
1,870 SF
12,833 SF
296 SF
1,133 SF
394 SF
614 SF
2,208 SF
OLF
100
50
15
300
300
0
0
Occupant Load
19
257
20
4
2
0
0
Building B
Laboratories
Storage (S-2)
5,741 SF
128 SF
50
300
115
1
Building C
Laboratories
1,314 SF
50
27
Total: 26,531 SF
Total: 445 People
Table 8: First Floor – Calculated Exit Capacity
Exit
Width
(inches)
72
72
144
36
Capacity Factor
(in/person)
.2
.2
.2
.2
East Main Lobby Doors
West Main Lobby Doors
Room-Double Doors
Room-Single Doors
Total:
Total People Required from OLF Calculations:
Capacity
(persons)
360
360
720
180
Notes
2 doors @ 36 in
2 doors @ 36 in
4 doors @ 36 in
1 doors @ 36 in
1620 People
445 People
Passes: YES
23 | B l a n c h a t
Table 9: Second Floor - Calculated Occupant Load
Building 2nd Floor
Building A
Usage
Gross Floor Area
Offices
2,771 SF
Laboratories
4,599 SF
Conference Rm.
280 SF
Storage (S-1)
306 SF
Storage (S-2)
81 SF
Bathrooms
353 SF
Walkways
2253 SF
Total: 10,643
OLF
100
50
15
300
300
0
0
Occupant Load
28
92
19
2
1
0
0
Total: 142 People
Table 10: Second Floor – Calculated Exit Capacity
Exit
Width
Capacity Factor
(inches)
(in/person)
East Stairs
48
.3
West Stairs
48
.3
Total:
Total People Required from OLF Calculations:
Capacity (persons)
165
165
330 People
142 People
Passes: YES
7.3.3.2* For stairways wider than 44 in. (1120 mm) and subject to the 0.3 in. (7.6 mm) width
per person capacity factor, the capacity shall be permitted to be increased using the following
equation:
where:
C
Wn
Solution:
= capacity, in persons, rounded to the nearest integer
= nominal width of the stair as permitted by 7.3.2.2 (in.)
C = 165 People
8.1.4 Size, Arrangement, and Number of Means of Egress
Every building is required to meet the regulations for the number of means of egress
presented in the LSC 7.4.1.2. In this it states that for occupant loads between 0 to <50 there
shall be at least one exit. For occupant loads between 50 to <500 there needs to be 2. In cases
where the occupant load is from 501-1000 there has to be 3 exits. For anything with an
occupant load over 1000 a total of 4 exits are required. For the first level we found a total
occupant load to be calculated at 445 people. This would require a minimum of two exits out.
24 | B l a n c h a t
It is seen that this requirement has been met. For the second floor the occupant load has been
calculated at 142 requiring two exits when two are provided. This building does meet the total
number of exits required.
“A.3.3.75 Exit. Exits include exterior exit doors, exit passageways, horizontal exits, exit
stairs, and exit ramps.” Found in the LSC Handbook. We have discussed the two main points of
egress on the second floor and the two main exits on the first floor so far. This building also
possesses a unique feature not normally seen in an educational facility due to the high amount
of labs, shops, and equipment rooms. With rooms of this nature they are normally much larger
in scale. A select few possess doors leading to the outside. These are direct exits from the
classroom into the yard or perimeter of the building. This building has two main exits leading
to a public way and twenty-six exits leaving classrooms as seen in the diagrams below.
25 | B l a n c h a t
Figure 8: Exits and Stairs – Level 1
26 | B l a n c h a t
Figure 9: Exits and Stairs – Level 2
As stated in the LSC under section 7.5.1.1 “Exits shall be located and exit access shall be
arranged so that exits are readily accessible at all times.” Another code to be noted for this is in
accordance for the proper arrangement. It reads, “Where more than one exit, exit access, or
exit discharge is required from a building or portion thereof, such exits, exit accesses, or exit
discharges shall be: remotely located from each other and arranged to minimize the possibility
that more than one has the potential to be blocked by any one fire or other emergency
27 | B l a n c h a t
condition.” as seen in the LSC 7.5.1.3.1. The other main code to consider from the LSC is seen
in 7.5.1.3.2 and states “Where two exits, exit accesses, or exit discharges are required, they
shall be located at a distance from one another not less than one-half the length of the
maximum overall diagonal dimension of the building or area to be served, measured in a
straight line between the nearest edge of the exits, exit accesses, or exit discharges.” With this
building we find the two main exits (together having enough exit capacity to satisfy the floor) to
be located at opposite ends of the main lobby. On the second floor this situation is repeated.
In accordance to the number of exits and arrangement rules set out in the LSC the building
meets all the requirements. The exits are arranged so that they are at opposite ends of the
building clear of obstacles and meet the one half diagonal rule.
8.1.5 Horizontal Exits, Exit Signs, & Fire Rated Separation
The LSC provides us with information regarding horizontal exits in buildings. In section
7.1.2.1 it states that any corridor that is being used as an exit access must meet certain
guidelines when the exit access has an occupant load of over 30 people. As stated previously in
this report, “7.1.3.1 Exit Access Corridors. Corridors used as exit access and serving an area
having an occupant load exceeding 30 shall be separated from other parts of the building by
walls having not less than a 1-hour fire resistance rating in accordance with Section 8.3” For
more than four stories the rule that a minimum two hour rating shall be used. When a corridor
is considered to be a means of egress that said corridor should keep clear of anything that
would impede its exiting capabilities. This means the corridor should be free of storage and no
extra installations shall be made that might impede with the path. This can be found in the LSC
28 | B l a n c h a t
under 7.1.3.2.3. In the diagram below you can see the horizontal exit access corridors signified
in red.
Exit signs are found in the LSC under section 7.10.1.5.1. Here the code specifies that the
exit accesses should be readily visible and clearly marked. These signs need to be placed where
occupant may find the exit or way to an exit to be unclear. When it comes to additional signs
being added to the building the LSC specifies that view of an exit sign should not exceed a limit
of 100 feet from the last or out of a viewable distance. You use the shorter of the two distance
measurements when coming to this conclusion. In figures 12-13 below it can be seen where
previously placed (green) exit signs exist and where recommended (purple) signs should be
placed. The recommended additional signs where determined when a walkthrough of the
building was done. The code says there should be signs where the exit is not clear. In these
rooms it was hard to tell because of all the machinery and lab equipment used. So proper
making of the exit would be crucial so people know to leave out the door from the room to
outside instead of venturing back into the building to one of the main exits. The rooms not
connected to the main core of the building have no information on access sign placement due
to restricted access to them. In these rooms all sign placement was placed on a theoretical
basis without knowing if they were already in place.
The LSC states the specific ratings looked at for this building. Ratings are broken down
into A, B, and C. A requires the interior wall and ceiling finish to have a flame spread index of 025. Class B the flame index spread is 26-75. Class C has a flame spread index of 76-200. This
building falls under the Business classification. For B classification the required index falls to
29 | B l a n c h a t
Class A or B. This can be found in the paragraphs of the LSC in sections 10.3.5.
Figure 10: Horizontal Exits & Exit Signs – Level 1
30 | B l a n c h a t
Figure 11: Horizontal Exits & Exit Signs – Level 2
8.2
Fire Detection, Alarm, and Communication Systems
This building is equipped with a manual fire alarm system with elevator recall, fire
sprinkler monitoring, and duct detector monitoring. This building is fully sprinklered with a wet
pipe system.
31 | B l a n c h a t
NFPA 72 10.4 (2013 Edition) states that all systems shall be installed in accordance with
the specifications and standards approved by the authority having jurisdiction. This building is
found to be considered a Business Occupancy by meeting the standard 6.1.11 from NFPA 101
Life Safety Code Handbook. A.6.1.11.1 (3) “College and university instructional buildings,
classrooms under 50 persons, and instructional laboratories.”
From NFPA 101 Section 38.3.4 we find the code for a Business Occupancy in terms of
detection, alarm, and communications systems. In accordance with section 9.6, section
38.4.4.1 states a fire alarm system shall be installed for all business occupancies meeting the
conditions. In addition the initiation devices need to be one of the following (38.3.4.2): Manual
pull station, automatic fire detection system, or automatic sprinkler system. All options need to
comply with 9.6.2.1 from NFPA 101.
See Appendix at the back of this report to see the floor plans of the building. The first
page provides you with a color coordinated key. The second page is of building A’s first floor.
Page three is the second floor of building A. The forth page is buildings B and C. The last, fifth
page, is of the technical components of the control panels, devices, and riser diagram.
32 | B l a n c h a t
8.2.1 Devices & Compliance with NFPA
8.2.1.1
Fire Alarm Control Panel (FACP)
Figure 12: NFS2-640
The Fire Alarm Control Panel (FACP) can be identified on page one of the plan
view as the first symbol listed in the table. This symbol is identified by a yellow
highlighter. On page two of the plan view the FACP is located in the bottom left corner
of the building next to the Fire Control Power Supply (FCPS). The FACP is made by
Notifier (NFS-640). The use of this panel is appropriate for a mid-sized application. The
installation time is considered minimized.
Table 11: FACP-NFS2-640
FACP - Notifier NFS2-640
Specifications:
Signaling Line Circuits (SLCs)
Intelligent Devices
Notification Appliance Circuits (NACs)
Voice Evacuation Available
Power
Annunciators
Networkable
http://www.notifier.com/products/facp/Pages/
notifier-nfs2-640-control-panel.aspx
1 expandable to 2; Style 4, 6, or 7
636 Total Devices
159 Detectors/159 Modules Per SLC
4 (Built in); 1.5 amps ea.
Yes: w/ integrated Digital Voice Command
6 amps Total System Power
32 LCD Type
32 ACS Type
Yes: NOTI-FIRE-NET
33 | B l a n c h a t
8.2.1.2
Smoke Detectors
NOTIFIER FSP-751
Figure 13: FSP-715T with B710LP
Figure 14: FSP-751 & FSP-751T
Specifications:
Table 12: NOTIFIER FSP-751
Operating Voltage Range
Standby Current
15-32 Volts DC peak
300µA @ 24 VDC (one communication every 5
seconds with LED blink enabled)
Max. Alarm Current (LED on)
6.5 mA @ 24 VDC
Standby Current
300µA @ 24 VDC (one communication every 5
seconds with LED blink enabled)
Operating Humidity Range
10% to 93% Relative Humidity, noncondensing
Operating Temperature Range 0° to 49°C (32° to 120°F)
Height
1.66 inches (42.16 mm) installed in B710LP Base
Diameter
6.2 inches (157.48 mm) installed in B710LP Base
4.1 inches (104.14 mm) installed in B501 Base
Weight
3.6 oz (104 g)
This building utilizes the NOTIFIER FSP-751 Low-Profile Intelligent Plug-in
Smoke Detectors with FlashScan®. Throughout the building there are a total of 19
detectors installed. This style of smoke detectors is considered “low-profile” and works
with the NOTIFIER intelligent system. This model of detector has a built in heat sensing
34 | B l a n c h a t
element that compliments the smoke detector by activating if the heating element is
tripped.
Mounting:
NFPA 72 (2013 Edition) Section 17.7.3.2.1* reads, “Spot-type smoke detectors
shall be located on the ceiling or, if on a sidewall between the ceiling and 12 in.
(300mm) down from the ceiling to the top of the detector.”
This space is crucial. Detectors mounted closer than the recommended 12
inches will respond faster than a standard mount.
The mounting of the smoke detectors in this building comply with the NFPA
codes listed above and in the text of NFPA 72.
Spacing:
In accordance with NFPA 72 (2013 Edition) Section 17.7.3.2.3.1* spacing shall be
based upon a standard of 30 feet of nominal spacing such that each detector is no less
than ½ the nominal distance to the next detector. This should be located within the top
15% of the ceiling height. Any point on the ceiling should have a detector within a range
of .7 of the 30ft of listed nominal spacing. Corridors and irregular areas will need to
readjust spacing but still need to fit the .7 of the nominal spacing as a minimum
requirement.
The smoke detector spacing in this building complies with the NFPA codes listed
above and in the text of NFPA 72.
Locations: See Appendix for Floor Plans (Blue Markings)
 Aero Flight Controls/SIM
 Mechanical Room
 Elevator Hallway
 Elevator shaft
 Machine Room
 Tel/Data Room
35 | B l a n c h a t


8.2.1.3
Electrical Room
Mat. Eng. Lab & Test area (2nd floor)
Heat Detectors
NOTIFIER FST-751
Figure 15: FST-751
Figure 16: FST-751 Wiring Diagram
Specifications:
Table 13: FST-751
Operating Voltage Range
Standby Current
15-28 VDC
300µA @ 24 VDC (one communication every 5
seconds with LED blink enabled)
Max. Alarm Current (LED on)
6.5 mA @ 24 VDC
Standby Current
300µA @ 24 VDC (one communication every 5
seconds with LED blink enabled)
Operating Humidity Range
10% to 93% Relative Humidity, noncondensing
Operating Temperature Range 0° to 49°C (32° to 120°F)
Height
1.7 inches (43 mm) installed in B710LP Base
Diameter
6.1 inches (154.94 mm) installed in B710LP Base
4.1 inches (104.14 mm) installed in B501 Base
Weight
5 oz (150 g)
This building utilizes the NOTIFIER FST-751 series intelligent thermal detector.
There are only 2 detectors of this type installed in the building. This detector measures
analog levels of thermal measurements and sends them to the control panel. This
36 | B l a n c h a t
detector is addressable so that firefighters can check the FACP and identify the exact
location of the unit when it is going off. Flashpoint is used and has been found to speed
up detection by up to 5x the previous designs with communication between the analog
devices and the intelligent system.
Mounting:
NFPA 72 (2013 Edition) Section 17.6.3.1.3.1* reads, “…spot-type heat-sensing
fire detectors shall be located on the ceiling not less than 4 in (100mm) from the
sidewall or on the sidewalls between 4in and 12 in (100 mm and 300 mm) from the
ceiling.”
Dead air space was found to be an issue from tests done in 1993. This issue was
addressed by the 4 in rule. Recent studies have shwn that this dead air space is less
significant than once thought, but the research could only be applied to smoke
detectors at this time.
The mounting of the heat detectors in this building comply with the NFPA codes
listed above and in the text of NFPA 72.
Spacing:
In accordance with NFPA 72 (2013 Edition) Section 17.7.3.2.3.1* Detectors
installed in this system shall be kept within the listed spacing. Detectors shall not
exceed ½ of their listed spacing between units or adjacent walls. Or.. All points on the
ceiling of interest shall not exceed .7 times the listed space.
The heat detector spacing in this building complies with the NFPA codes listed
above and in the text of NFPA 72.
Locations: See Appendix for Floor Plans (Red Markings)
37 | B l a n c h a t


8.2.1.4
Elevator Shaft (2nd floor)
Machine Room (1st floor)
Duct Detectors
NOTIFIER FSD-751P
Figure 17: FSD-751P
Figure 18: FSD-751P Wiring Diagram
Specifications:
Table 14: FSD-751P Specifications
Operating Voltage Range
Standby Current
15-32 VDC
300µA @ 24 VDC (one communication every 5
38 | B l a n c h a t
Standby Current
Operating Humidity Range
Operating Temperature Range
Duct Air Velocity
Height
Diameter
seconds with LED blink enabled)
300µA @ 24 VDC (one communication every 5
seconds with LED blink enabled)
10% to 93% Relative Humidity, noncondensing
0° to 55°C (32° to 131°F)
500 to 4,000 feet/min. (152.4 to 1219.2 meters/min.)
2.750 inches (69.850 mm)
14.375 inches (365.125 mm)
The NOTIFIER FSD-751P Intelligent Photoelectric Duct Smoke Detectors with
FlashScan. This building is equipped with 38 duct detectors spaced throughout. They
are located in the HVAC system of the building. The purpose of the HVAC is to move
conditioned air in all areas of the building. During a fire the smoke introduced can be
picked up and distributed by the HVAC. In efforts to identify a fire the duct detectors
are used to sense and smoke inside the system. This is a photoelectric detector.
Mounting:
NFPA 72 (2013 Edition) Section 17.7.4.1 states, “Detectors should not be located
in direct airflow or closer than 36 in. (910 mm) from an air supply diffuser or return air
opening…” In the situation that the air is moving at a high velocity the detector should
be setback further.
The mounting of the duct detectors in this building comply with the NFPA codes
listed above and in the text of NFPA 72.
Locations: See Appendix for Floor Plans (Red Markings)

HVAC system throughout the building
39 | B l a n c h a t
8.2.1.5
Manual Pull Station
NOTIFIER NBG-12LX
Figure 19: NBG-12LX Manual Pull Station
Specifications:
Table 15: NBG-12LX Specifications
Shipping Weight
Normal Operating Voltag:
Max. SLC Loop Voltage
Max. SLC Standby Current
Max. SLC Alarm Current
Temperature Range
Relative Humidity
9.6 oz. (272.15g)
24 VDC
28.0 VDC
375 μA
5 mA
0° to 49°C (32° to 120°F)
10% to 93% (noncondensing)
For use indoors in a dry location
For this building, 19 Notifier NBG-12LX Addressable Manual Pull Stations were
installed. This is a dual-action pull station. Dual-action means that is takes 2 solid
motions in order for the station to sends an activation signal. Due to the addressable
40 | B l a n c h a t
feature this station can easily be located on the FACP and can air in firefighter response
time.
Mounting:
NFPA 72 (2013 Edition) Section 17.14 and further sections state that these
stations need to be securely mounted upon a background of contrasting color (17.14.3
& 17.14.4). These pull stations need to be mounted between 42-48 inches (1.07-1.22
meters) above the finished floor (17.14.5).
The mounting of the manual pull stations in this building comply with the NFPA
codes listed above and in the text of NFPA 72.
Spacing:
In accordance with NFPA 72 (2013 Edition) Section 17.14.8.4 fire alarm pull
boxes need to be located within 5 ft (1.5 m) of each exit doorway on every floor.
Figure 20: Manual Pull Station in Hall
The distance allowed between boxes should not be more than a measure 200
feet (17.14.8.5*). If groupings of doors are in use than exceed 40 feet across, fire alarm
pull stations need to be mounted on both sides within 5 feet of that sides exit.
The manual pull station spacing in this building complies with the NFPA codes
listed above and in the text of NFPA 72.
41 | B l a n c h a t
Locations: See Appendix for Floor Plans (Green Markings)

Throughout buildings A,B, and C on all floors
8.2.2 Disposition of Alarm, Supervisory Signals, & Trouble Signals
In a fire alarm system there are three basic types of signals being used.
1. Alarm: This signal required immediate action and warns of the danger of a fire.
2. Supervisory: With this signal action is needed. The supervisory signal requires
the fire alarm system to communicate with the fire protection system for the
building before action can proceed.
3. Trouble: This signal comes from multiple sources. Anytime the power supply is
compromised (whether it is primary or secondary) this would be signaled to the
receiving panel. It can also be produced due to a device malfunction in the
system or a break in the circuit.
Alarm:
Anytime a manual pull station, automatic fire detectors, waterflow at a sprinkler,
or activation of any fire suppression equipment signal is received it shall be treated
as a fire alarm signal. This signal is sent to a central station that has no direct
financial interest in the property and normally under contract. Once the alarm is
received by the central station several things need to happen. That signal needs to
be retransmitted to a communication center. Then the central station needs to
decipher and decide if the alarm needs a manual reset. If needed a technician
should be sent to the property and arrive in under 2 hours from when the signal
42 | B l a n c h a t
was first received. The owner/subscriber of the alarm also needs to be notified and
informed.
Supervisory:
When a supervisory signal is received the central station has a different set of
steps to follow. First communication needs to immediately happen with the people
the subscriber has designated to handle the situation. Notification of the fire
department or law enforcement having jurisdiction should be taken next.
Sometimes both are required to be notified depending on the authority having
jurisdiction. A technician should be sent within the 2 hour window from the time
the signal is received till a tech arrives to turn it off. The central station is also
responsible for notifying the authority having jurisdiction when any suppression
equipment or sprinkler systems go out of use for more than 8 hours.
Trouble:
Upon receiving a trouble signal the central station is required to perform the
listed steps in order to fulfill their duty. Immediate communication needs to
happen to the person designated by the subscriber of the system. If maintenance is
needed the central station is required to send out personnel to arrive within 4
hours of the signal being received. Sometimes it is required to notify the authority
having jurisdiction and the subscriber when the system interruption lasts longer
than 8 hours.
43 | B l a n c h a t
8.2.3 Alarm Notification Devices & Compliance with NFPA
System Sensor P241575, S241575, P1224MC, & S1224MC
Figure 21: System Sensor P241575 & S241575
Specifications:
System Sensor P241575 & S241575
Table 16: System Sensor P241575 & S241575
Horn Voltage
Strobe & Horn/Strobe Voltage
Strobe & Horn/Strobe
Voltage(with MDL module)
Flash Rate
Operating Temperature Range
10.5-30 Volts
12-volt models – 10.5 to 17 volts; 24-volt models –
20 to 30 volts
12-volt models – 11 to 17 volts; 24-volt models – 21
to 30 volts
1 Flash Per Second
0° to 49°C (32° to 120°F)
44 | B l a n c h a t
Light Output
Sound Output
Listings
Notes
Specifications:
Models with 15 only in the model number are listed
at 15 candela
Models with 1575 are listed at 15 candela per UL
1971 but will provide 75 candela on axis (straight
ahead)
Models with 30, 75 or 110 are rated for that candela.
Sound output levels are established at Underwriters
Laboratories in their reverberant room. Always use
the sound output specified as UL Reverberant Room
when comparing products.
UL, FM, CSFM, MEA
Do not exceed; 1) 16-33 voltage range limit; 2)
maximum number of 70 strobe lights when
connecting the MDL Sync module with a maximum
line impedance of 4 ohms per loop and; 3) maximum
line impedance as required by the fire alarm control
manufacturer.
System Sensor P1224MC & S1224MC
Table 17: System Sensor P1224MC & S1224MC
Horn, Strobe, & Horn/Strobe
Voltage
Operational Voltage Ranges:
Synchronous Applications with
MDL Module
Operating Humidity Range
Flash Rate
Operating Temperature Range
Selectable Light Outputs
12/24 Volt Applications
24 Volt Application
Sound Output
Listings
Notes
Regulated 12 DC/FWR and Regulated 24 DC/FWR
12V=8-17.5 Volts; 24V=16-33 Volts
12V=9-17.5 Volts; 24V=17-33 Volts
10% to 93% Relative Humidity, noncondensing
1 Flash Per Second
0° to 49°C (32° to 120°F)
All candelas are selectable via a manual slide switch.
15 or 15/75 Candela
30, 75, 110 candela
15/75 is listed at 15 candela per UL 1971 but will
provide 75 candela on axis (straight ahead). 15, 30,
75, or 110 are rated for that candela.
Sound output levels are established at Underwriters
Laboratories in their reverberant room. Always use
the sound output specified as UL Reverberant Room
when comparing products.
UL S5512 (Strobe); UL S4011 (Combo)
Do not exceed: 1) 8-17.5 or 16-33 voltage range
limit; 2) maximum number of 70 strobe lights when
connecting the MDL Sync module with a maximum
line impedance of 4 ohms per loop and; 3) maximum
45 | B l a n c h a t
line impedance as required by the fire alarm control
manufacturer.
This facility was built using System Sensor P241575 & S241575 SpectrAlet series
notification appliances. The devices used in this building were of the 24 volt panels that
utilize a DC or full-wave rectified (FWR) source of power. These devices are designed to
trigger audio and visual stimulation of the buildings occupants and to aid in emergency
responses.
Average ambient sound levels are found to be in the 55 dBa area for occupancies
classified under Business. Keep in mind that a 6 decibel (db) drop can be seen for every
time the distance from the source doubles.
Figure 22: dBA Rule
In order to have these devices be considered effective standards were set. A
sound level 15 db above the average ambient sound level is required. If the maximum
sound level is known, then it is required to be 5 db above the maximum ambient sound
(NFPA 72, 2013 Edition Section 18.4.3.1). For areas used for sleeping a sound level of a
46 | B l a n c h a t
minimum 75 dBA is required (18.4.5.1). This was tested at a considered average pillow
height.
Mounting:
Audible:
NFPA 72 (2013 Edition) Section 18.4.8 “ If ceiling height allow, and
unless otherwise permitted by 18.4.8.2 through 18.4.8.5, wall-mounted appliances shall
have their tops above the finished floors at heights of not less than 90 in (2.29 m) and
below the finished ceilings at distances of not less than 6 in. (150 mm).” In the text it
also states that permission is given to the installation of ceiling-mounted or recessed
appliances.
Visible:
NFPA 72 (2013 Edition) Section 18.4.8 “Wall-mounted appliances
shall be mounted such that the entire lens is not less than 80 inches (2.03 m) and not
greater than 96 inches (2.44 m) above the finished floor or at the mounting height
specified using the performance-based alternative of 18.5.5.6.” Section 18.5.5
references placement of combination audio/visible appliances. This height requirement
is to ensure that the light source (visual) is able to be seen throughout the covered area.
We find the spacing to be referenced in NFPA 72, 2013 Edition, Section
18.5.5.4.1 “Spacing shall be in accordance with either Table 18.5.5.4.1(a) and Figure
18.5.5.4.1 or Table 18.5.5.4.1(b).” See appendix A2 for NFPA tables.
The mounting of the notification appliances for audio and visual stimulation in
the building comply with the NFPA codes listed above and in the text of NFPA 72.
Locations: See Appendix for Floor Plans (Orange Markings)

Throughout buildings A,B, and C on all floors
47 | B l a n c h a t
8.2.4 Mass Notification System
Code Blue InterAct 4100 Speakerphone
Figure 23: Code Blue InterAct 4100 Speakerphone
Specifications:
 Nine (9) number storage capabilities
 Nine (9) messages with up to 30 seconds each
 2 Auxiliary inputs/3 Auxiliary outputs (3 NO or 3 NC)
 12-24v AC/DC primary power supply
 12v DC auxiliary power supply
 SLA/AGM battery backup:
504 hours standby
40 hours talk time
 Multiple programming options including:
 Silent monitoring from a remote location
 Programmable ring time
 Self-monitoring capability and fault reporting:
 Loss of power
 Battery low voltage
 Highly flexible, digitally stored voice identifier (standard)
 Multiple password protection levels for security
 Built with powerful DSP technology
 Enhanced speaker and microphone sensitivity
 Operational temperature: -400C to 700C (-400F to 1580F)
 Non-volatile memory ensures programming is retained during power loss
48 | B l a n c h a t





Conformal coated PCBs; weather resistant construction
ADA compliant with Braille signage
Two highly visible LED indicators for hearing impaired
Optional dual button faceplate and optional keypad
Sleep mode
A mass notification system is intended to utilize audio signals, visual signals, text
messages, graphic, tactical signals, etc. to communicate an emergency message in order to
provide information to the people in the building or space. This delivery of emergency
information is intended to start evacuation or present valuable information/instructions to the
receiver.
In this building the Code Blue IA4100 FP1 was used. The FP1 signifies that this model is
a standard speaker with a single red Push for Help button. This unit uses some of the most
advanced analog speakerphone technology available. With its location outside of the building
the system needs to be resistant to vandalism and weather. The stainless steel faceplate solves
many of these issues.
As for the internals, this system employs Blue Alert Mass Notification System by Code
Blue. This Blue Alert system allows multiple avenues in order to deliver a message. Feature
such as: live broadcast, text-to-speak, up to 9 pre-recorded messages, multiple warning tones,
and the ability to have a message repeated several times can provide more than one way to
inform the public. Pre-recorded messages are found to be greatly beneficial when tested.
Messages created during an incident can come out unclear, rushed, background noise filled,
and inadequate in information. By recording specific emergency related messages they
information can be structured properly and delivered in an understandable and clear format.
49 | B l a n c h a t
The mass notification system runs off of an auxiliary power supply. This allows the
system to have a strong power source in order for all components to be used. In the case of an
emergency this system can run off of a reserve battery supply with 504 hours of standby time
and 40 hours of talk time.
This system has the ability to be fully independent with no interface to any of the
buildings fire alarm systems or others. It also has the option to be integrated with the current
emergency systems in the building. In this case, the fire alarm system. When integrated into
the fire alarm system there can be a separate or combination strobe with the fire alarm strobe.
The MNS strobe is usually a clear or yellow color labeled as “ALERT”.
Blue Alert M.N.S. has been found to meet and maintain the standards found in the NFPA
72, 2010 Edition under chapter 24 for emergency communication systems.
8.2.5 Secondary Power Supply
The calculated secondary power supply would require 12.53 AMP-Hours in order to
meet the needs of the system. Due to campus security issues I was unable to access the
electrical room where the backup power supply was located to confirm the system in place
meets the calculated requirements. It was not specified on the plans obtained either.
See Appendix for Calculations
8.2.6 Inspection, Testing, & Maintenance
The inspection, testing, and maintenance of a system can be found in chapter 14 of
NFPA 72, 2013 edition.
Inspection:
50 | B l a n c h a t
Initial inspections are performed on a building in order to make sure than installation is
up to the standards set by the NFPA 7s’s code and the other installation standards being
utilized. Another key aspect of initial/reacceptance inspection is to comply with approved
design documents. By making sure compliance is kept the reliability of the devices being
operated is maintained. The designers of a system and the authority having jurisdiction
normally are in charge of the responsibilities in initial testing.
Testing: Below is a summarized list of table 14.4.3.2 found in the NFPA 72 Handbook:
1. All Equipment
2. Control Equipment and Transponders
a. Functions – Annually
b. Fuses - Annually
c. Interface Equipment - Annually
d. Lamps and LEDs - Annually
e. Primary Power Supply - Annually
3. Fire Alarm Control Unit Trouble Signals
a. Audible and Visual - Annually
b. Disconnect Switches - Annually
c. Ground-Fault Monitoring Circuit - Annually
d. Transmission of Signals to Off-Premises Location
4. Supervising Station Alarm Systems – Transmission Equipment
a. All equipment - Annually
b. Digital Alarm Communicator Transmitter (DACT) - Annually
c. Digital Alarm Radio Transmitter (DART) - Annually
d. McCulloh Transmitter - Annually
e. Radio Alarm Transmitter (RAT) - Annually
f. Performance-Based Technologies - Annually
5. Emergency Communications Equipment
a. Amplifier/Tone Generators - Annually
b. Call-in Signal Silence - Annually
c. Off-hook Indicator (ring down) - Annually
d. Phone Jacks - Annually
e. Phone Set - Annually
f. System Performance - Annually
6. Engine-Driven Generator- Monthly
7. Secondary (standby) Power Supply - Annually
8. Uninterruptible Power Supply (UPS) - Annually
9. Battery Tests
51 | B l a n c h a t
a. Lead-Acid Type
i. Battery Replacement - Annually
ii. Charger Test – Annually
iii. Discharge Test – Annually
iv. Load Voltage Test – Annually
v. Specific Gravity – Semiannually
b. Nickle-cadmium Type
i. Battery Replacement – Annually
ii. Charger Test – Annually
iii. Discharge Test – Annually
iv. Load Voltage Test – Semiannually
c. Sealed Lead-acid Type
i. Battery Replacement – Annually
ii. Charger Test – Annually
iii. Discharge Test – Annually
iv. Load Voltage Test – Semiannually
10. Public Emergency Alarm Reporting System Wired System – Daily
11. Remote Annunciators – Annually
12. Reserved
13. Reserved
14. Reserved
15. Conductors – Metallic
a. Stray Voltage – N/A
b. Ground Faults – N/A
c. Short-circuit Faults – N/A
d. Loop Resistance – N/A
e. Circuit Integrity – N/A
16. Conductors – Nonmetallic
a. Fiber Optics – N/A
b. Circuit Integrity – N/A
17. Initiating Devices (17 is summarized)
a. Electromechanical Releasing Device – Annually
b. Fire Extinguishing System(s) or Suppression System(s) Alarm Switch – Annually
c. Fire-gas Other Detectors– Annually
d. Heat Detectors– Annually
e. Manual Fire Alarm Boxes – Annually
f. Radiant Energy Fire Detectors– Semiannually
g. Smoke Detectors – Functional Test – Annually
h. Smoke Detectors – Sensitivity Testing – Annually
i. Carbon Monoxide Detectors/Carbon Monoxide Alarms for the Purposes of Fire
Detection – Annually
j. Initiating Devices, Supervisory – Annually
k. Mechanical, Electrosonic, or Pressure-Type Waterflow Device– Semiannually
52 | B l a n c h a t
l.
Multi-sensor Fire Detector or Multi-Criteria Fire Detector or Combination Fire
Detector – Annually
18. Special Hazard Equipment – Annually (18 is summarized)
19. Combination Systems – Annually (19 is summarized)
20. Interface Equipment– Annually
21. Guard’s Tour Equipment– Annually
22. Alarm Notification Appliances – Annually (22 is summarized)
23. Exit Marking Audible Notification Appliance – Annually
24. Emergency Control Functions – Annually
25. Area of Refuge Two-Way Communication System– Annually
26. Special Procedures – Annually (26 is summarized)
27. Supervising Station Alarm Systems – Receiving Equipment – Monthly (27 is summarized)
28. Public Emergency Alarm Reporting System Transmission Equipment – Semiannually &
Annually
29. Low-power Radio– N/A
30. Mass Notification Systems– Annually
Maintenance:
Maintenance is required by the code. The maintenance performed should be in line
with the manufacturers published instructions. One main point to take into consideration is the
cleaning. For instance, a smoke detector can have its sensors obstructed from a buildup of dust
and particles. Yearly, if not semiannual cleaning would be required in order to maintain the
function of these devices. Other main areas of concern in the subject of cleaning are elevator
hoistways, machine rooms, HVAC ducts, and boiler rooms.
After each alarm normal operation needs to be established as fast as possible. Testing
of retransmission signals is something responsible by the central station and should be done at
regular intervals.
53 | B l a n c h a t
8.3
Fire Suppression Systems
8.3.1 Water Supply Test Data
A test on the water supply feeding into the school was done on hydrant #29 on campus.
This test is required in order to show that an approved water supply is capable of supplying a
certain level of flow in order to maintain proper operation of the fire protection systems of the
building. The fire department connection (hydrant) must meet the codes listed in the CBC
under section 912 (2010 Edition):
912.1 Installation. Fire department connections shall be installed in accordance with the NFPA
standard applicable to the system design and shall comply with Sections 912.2 through 912.5.
[F]
912.2 Location. With respect to hydrants, driveways, buildings and landscaping, fire
department connections shall be so located that fire apparatus and hose connected to supply
the system will not obstruct access to the buildings for other fire apparatus. The location of fire
department connections shall be approved by the fire chief. [F]
912.2.1 Visible location. Fire department connections shall be located on the street side of
buildings, fully visible and recognizable from the street or nearest point of fire department
vehicle access or as otherwise approved by the fire chief. [F]
912.2.2 Existing buildings. On existing buildings, wherever the fire department connection is
not visible to approaching fire apparatus, the fire department connection shall be indicated by
an approved sign mounted on the street front or on the side of the building. Such sign shall
have the letters "FDC" at least 6 inches (152 mm) high and words in letters at least 2 inches (51
mm) high or an arrow to indicate the location. All such signs shall be subject to the approval of
the fire code official. [F]
912.3 Access. Immediate access to fire department connections shall be maintained at all times
and without obstruction by fences, bushes, trees, walls or any other fixed or moveable object.
Access to fire department connections shall be approved by the fire chief. [F]
54 | B l a n c h a t
Table 18: Actual Flow Test Information
Cal Poly – Witnessed by Bruce Bjornson of Hoffman and Associates
Test Hydrant ID:
#29
Date of Test:
Hydrant Elevation:
0 ft
Static Pressure:
Test Flow:
1045.00 gpm
Test Residual Pressure:
Calculated System Flow Rate:
576.75 gpm
Calculated Inflow Residual Pressure:
Available Inflow Residual Pressure: 78.34 psi
1/31/02
85.00 psi
65.00 psi
57.87 psi
8.3.2 Classification & Design Criteria
Laboratory Areas, General storage & Mechanical Spaces
Occupancy: Ordinary Hazard Group 1
Density: 0.15 GPM/SQ. FT.
Max. Area Per Sprinkler: 130 SQ. FT.
Design Area of Discharge: 1500 SQ. FT.
Hose Stream Allowance (Inside and outside) for OH 1: 250 GPM
Water Supply Duration: 60-90 minutes
Office Areas & General Building Spaces
Occupancy: Light Hazard Occupancy
Density: 0.1 GPM/SQ. FT.
Max. Area Per Sprinkler: 225 SQ. FT.
Design Area of Discharge: 1500 SQ. FT.
Hose Stream Allowance (Inside and outside) for OH 1: 100 GPM
Water Supply Duration: 30 minutes
8.3.3 Manual Hydraulic Calculations
Hydraulic calculations done on this building focused on the second floor
on the northeast side. This was found to be the most remote area of the
building in reference to the riser.
The remote area was found to be 1560 square feet with 12 sprinklers
operating. The area of coverage per sprinkler was 130 square feet. All sprinklers
were Viking Micromatic Model M Upright.
55 | B l a n c h a t
Results showed 264.5 GPM @ 59.79 PSI at the base of the riser. In
comparison to the city water supply this amount is adequate to cover the
required demands. Even with hose stream added in (+250 GPM) the total came
to 514.5 GPM. This is well under the 1045 GPM @ 65 Static and 85 PSI Residual
provided by the city water main.
8.3.4 Location of Components & Sprinkler Specifications
This system was designed with components that conform to the standards
represented in NFPA #13 (1996 Edition) and the standards held by the governing state
of California.
8.3.4.1
Risers:
This system is supported by two risers. One riser is located at the north part of
the building. This riser has a 4 inch pipe coming in for the main, and utilizes a 2 inch
drain. From the 4 inch main it sends off to zone 3 with a continuation of the 4 inch pipe.
Pipe going to zone 2 uses a 3 in pipe coming from the main.
The southern building is the point of connection to the city’s water main and has
a 6 inch main coming from it that is fed into the 4 inch main for the building. A 2 inch
drain is also used here.
Figure 24: Building A Riser
Figure 25: Building B Riser
56 | B l a n c h a t
Figure 26: Riser Diagram
57 | B l a n c h a t
8.3.4.2
Cross-Mains:
The branch lines are allied “Dyna-thread / Super 40”. This piping is made of
engineered black steel pipe. The pipe has threaded cast iron or ductile iron fittings.
First Floor: The cross-mains on the east side and the small section in the middle
of the building are made up of 4 inch piping. On the west side the cross-main uses 3
inch piping.
Second Floor: Water coming from the south riser enters on a 4 inch cross-main
and T’s off at the north end of the building going west (toward second riser on the
north) with a 4 inch and east (supplying first floor branch lines) with a 3 inch pipe.
8.3.4.3
Branch Lines:
For the main branch lines allied “Dyna-flow / Super flo” was used. This piping
was engineered as light wall sprinkler pipe. This pipe has grooved fittings and couplings.
First Floor: Branch lines running on the main hallway and through the north
offices uses 1½ inch line with the rest of the first floor using 1¼ inch.
Second Floor: Branch lines running on the main hallway and through the north
offices uses 2 inch line with the rest of the first floor using 1½ inch.
8.3.4.4
Sprinklers:
Sprinklers should be spaced no less than 6 feet between two adjacent sprinkler
heads. A sprinkler head shall not be allowed to be closer than 4 feet to a wall and up to
9 feet from a wall (NFPA 13 – 1996 Edition: section 4-6.3.2).
1. Viking Micromatic Model M Pendent with #401 2-Piece Escutcheon
I. Temp. Rating: 155° F
II.
Finish Head/Escut.: Chrome/Chrome
58 | B l a n c h a t
III.
IV.
V.
VI.
Number of Sprinklers: 4
Orifice: ½ Inch
K Factor: 5.6
Type: Standard Sprinkler Pendent (SSP)
2. Viking Micromatic Model M Upright
I. Temp. Rating: 155° F
II.
Finish Head/Escut.: Brass/ --III.
Number of Sprinklers: 195
IV.
Orifice: ½ Inch
V.
K Factor: 5.6
VI. Type: Standard Sprinkler Upright (SSU)
3. Viking Micromatic Model M Upright 200
I. Temp. Rating: 200° F
II.
Finish Head/Escut.: Brass/ --III.
Number of Sprinklers: 20
IV.
Orifice: ½ Inch
V.
K Factor: 5.6
VI. Type: Standard Sprinkler Upright (SSU)
4. Viking Horizon Mirage Model B-2 Standard Response Concealed
Pendent Sprinkler with White Cover Plate
I. Temp. Rating: 155° F
II.
Finish Head/Escut.: Brass/White
III.
Number of Sprinklers: 45
IV.
Orifice: ½ Inch
V.
K Factor: 5.6
VI. Type: Concealed Sprinkler Pendent (CSP)
5. Viking Micromatic Model M/M-5 Sidewall with Model E-1, 2-piece
Escutcheon
I. Temp. Rating: 155° F
II.
Finish Head/Escut.: Chrome/Chrome
III.
Number of Sprinklers: 2
IV.
Orifice: ½ Inch
V.
K Factor: 5.6
VI. Type: Horizontal Sidewall (HSW)
6. Viking Microfast Model M Upright Quick Response
I. Temp. Rating: 155° F
II.
Finish Head/Escut.: Brass/ --III.
Number of Sprinklers: 72
IV.
Orifice: ½ Inch
59 | B l a n c h a t
V.
VI.
K Factor: 5.6
Type: Standard Sprinkler Upright (SSU)
7. Viking Horizon Mirage Model B-2 Quick Response Concealed
Pendent Sprinkler with White Cover Plate
I. Temp. Rating: 155° F
II.
Finish Head/Escut.: Brass/White
III.
Number of Sprinklers: 8
IV.
Orifice: ½ Inch
V.
K Factor: 5.6
VI. Type: Concealed Sprinkler Pendent (CSP)
Bracing:
Figure 27: Bracing Diagram
Pipe Hangers:
Figure 28: Pipe Hangers Diagram
60 | B l a n c h a t
8.3.5 Inspection, Testing, & Maintenance
As seen in NFPA Handbook (20th edition), sprinkler systems will fail if neglected.
Of the reported sprinkler system failures, 55% of them can be attributed to
maintenance not being up kept on the system. Overall the owner of the building is
required to maintain the upkeep on the system when it comes to having it inspected,
tested, and maintained.
Sometimes outside parties can aid in this. Some properties covered by insurance
may be at a high value and/or risk. When it comes to something like this, insurance
companies will sometimes provide help and resources as an extended service to their
clients. This can help the insurance company and the owner of the property to feel
good about the status of the system in place. With a properly installed system that is
kept up to par insurance companies can offer a more precise and possible more
affordable level of coverage to their clients.
In many cities some of this responsibility may be taken up by the fire
department. This is more of a broad inspection to make sure everything is flowing.
Checking the status of valves to make sure they are set and ready or any other minor
needs. This level of inspection is normally very basic and not intended to take the place
of a full inspection.
Most of the time maintenance and inspection is offered by the sprinkler
contractor, manufacturer, or a specialized inspection company. This type of inspection
should be one of the most thorough. Including a full system check that includes
61 | B l a n c h a t
anything required to properly protect the property. All components should be
addressed and finding reported back to the property owner. This check is seen to meet
the requirements for the needed protection of the property.
Another avenue that is sometimes utilized by business owners is the use of
central station supervision. This person is on contract to watch and maintain all parts of
the system. From waterflow, valve statuses, condition of the equipment, and reminding
the owner of needed upkeep.
Scheduled Maintenance
Table 19: NFPA 13 Table A.27.1 (2013 Edition)
Parts
Flushing Piping
Fire Department Connections
Control Valves
Activity
Test
Inspection
Inspection
Inspection
Inspection
Maintenance
Main Drain
Flow Test
Open Sprinklers
Test
Pressure Gauge
Calibration Test
Sprinklers
Test
Sprinklers – High-temperature Test
Sprinklers – Residential
Test
Waterflow Alarms
Test
Preaction/Deluge Detec. Sys.
Test
Preaction/Deluge Systems
Test
Antifreeze Solution
Test
Cold Weather Valves
Open and Close Valves
Dry/Preaction/Deluge System Test
Air and Water Pressure
Inspection
Enclosure
Inspection
Priming Water Level
Inspection
Low-point Drains
Test
Dry Pipe Valves
Trip Test
Dry Pipe Valves
Full Flow Trip
Quick-opening Devices
Test
Frequency
5 years
Monthly
Weekly – Sealed
Monthly – Locked
Monthly – Tamper Switch
Yearly
Quarterly – Annual
Annually
50 Years
5 Years
20 Years
Quarterly
Semiannually
Annually
Annually
Fall, close; Spring, open
Annually
Weekly
Daily – Cold Weather
Quarterly
Fall
Annually – Spring
3 Years – Spring
Semiannually
62 | B l a n c h a t
8.4
Structural Fire Protection
8.4.1 Construction Type and Fire-Resistance Requirements
TABLE 601 FIRE-RESISTANCE RATING REQUIREMENTS FOR BUILDING ELEMENTS (hours)
Table 20: CBC 2010 Edition - Table 601
BUILDING ELEMENT
Primary structural frame
(see Section 202)
Bearing walls
Exterior
Interior
Nonbearing walls and partitions
Exterior
Nonbearing walls and partitions
Interior
Floor construction and secondary
members (see Section 202)
Roof construction and secondary
members (see Section 202)
TYPE I
A
B
TYPE II
Ad
B
TYPE III
Ad
B
TYPE IV
HT
TYPE V
Ad
B
3a
2a
1
0
1
0
HT
1
0
3
3a
2
2a
1
1
0
0
2
1
2
0
2
1/HT
1
1
0
0
0
0
See Table 602
See Section
0
0
0
0
0
0
2
2
1
0
1
0
HT
1
0
1 1/ 2b
1b, c
1b, c
0c
1b, c
0
HT
1b, c
0
602.4.6
The construction of this building is found to be a Type II-B construction according to the
2010 CBC. This is a non combustible construction. As seen in the table above the building is
not required to have any fire resistive ratings for the primary structural frame, bearing walls,
nonbearing walls and partitions, floor construction, and roof construction.
8.4.2 Walls/Partitions
Below shows the structure of the various non-rate/rated partitions. For these partitions
fire/smoke sealants and/or fire safing should be used at the head of rated partition jambs
where the jamb meets with dissimilar materials. At the base/sill of the partition fire sealants do
not need to be used.
63 | B l a n c h a t
Figure 29: Wall/Partition Diagram
Gypsum:
For the walls/partitions two types of gypsum board is used. Type ‘X’ gypsum board
measuring 5/8” being one. For ‘Wet’ spaces require a water resistant type ‘X’ gypsum board
measuring 5/8” thick is used. These ‘wet’ spaces can be defined as the bathrooms, janitors’
closet, and other similar spaces.
Vertical Stud Framing:
64 | B l a n c h a t
3 5/8” Steel Stud Partitions - 20 Gage - Spacing @ 16” O.C. - Used up to 16’-4” High
3 5/8” Metal Stud Partitions - 18 Gage - Spacing @ 16” O.C. - Used from 16’-4” to 17’-10” High
3 5/8” Metal Stud Partitions - 16 Gage - Spacing @ 16” O.C. - Used from 17’-10” to 19’-2” High
4” Metal Stud Partitions
- 20 Gage - Spacing @ 16” O.C. - Used up to 17’-8” High
4” Metal Stud Partitions
- 18 Gage - Spacing @ 16” O.C. - Used from 17’-8” to 19’-4” High
6” Steel Stud Partitions
- 20 Gage - Spacing @ 16” O.C. - Used up to 24’-5” High
Some parts of the building use non-rated partitions that are full height. For the
corridors in this building we see a 1-hour fire rated partition with 20-minute doors and 45minute protection of all other openings being used. For occupancy separation, 1-hour fire
rated partition with 60-minute opening protection is used.
Figure 30: Partition Differentiation
Life Safety Code 2012 - 7.1.3.1 Exit Access Corridors. Corridors used as exit access and serving
an area having an occupant load exceeding 30 shall be separated from other parts of the
building by walls having not less than a 1-hour fire resistance rating in accordance with Section
8.3
65 | B l a n c h a t
9
Performance-Based Design
Performance-based design method is an alternate method to the prescriptive design
requirements of NFPA 101. This method can be applied when a buildings unique design does
not meet the required specifications of the code. This performance-based analysis can be used
to show that the building does uphold the minimum level of tenability in order for a full and
safe evacuation of the buildings occupants to take place. Proving that the level of safety in the
building is maintained can justify that the building is safe enough to build outside of the
prescriptive requirements.
In this report NFPA 101 Chapter 5 will be used as a guide to the criteria of a
performance-based design analysis. For Building 41 two design fires are selected and
evaluated. Various software tools will be employed in order to simulate the fire, examine the
tenability of the building during the fire, and determine the egress time of the occupants.
9.1
Performance Criteria
Section 5.2.2 of NFPA 101 specifies a performance criterion concluding that, “Any
occupant who is not intimate with ignition shall not be exposed to instantaneous or cumulative
untenable conditions.” (NFPA 101 Section 5.2.2*).
NFPA 101 also states in section 5.3.1 that the prescriptive requirements be retained in
that the building’s fire protection systems and features comply with applicable NFPA standards
for those systems and features.
66 | B l a n c h a t
9.2
Tenability Requirements
In order to ensure the building occupants remain safe, a tenability criterion is used to
set a tolerable level of exposure during the egress of the building. The table below outlines the
limits used in this analysis for tenability at a height of 6 feet above the occupied floor levels.
Table 21: Tenability Limits
Tenability Limits
Performance Criteria
Temperature
Tenability Limit
60°C
Visibility
4 Meters
Radiant Heat Flux
2.5 kWm-2 or 375°C
Carbon Monoxide
30,000 ppm/min (1,000 ppm
for 30 minutes)
Source
SFPE Handbook 3rd Edition 2129 Table 2-6.19
SFPE Handbook 3rd Edition
Table 2-4.2 for Familiar
Occupants
SFPE Handbook 3rd Edition 2129 Table 2-6.19
NFPA 101
9.2.1 Temperature: < 60°C for >30 minutes
For a smoke layer 6 feet above the walking surface a temperature tenability limit of 60°C
is used. This allows exposure for over 30 minutes at that level without it having life
threatening affects on the egressing occupants (SFPE Handbook 3rd Edition Table 2-6.19).
Figure 31: Tenability Limits for Heat
67 | B l a n c h a t
9.2.2 Visibility: 4 Meters
The smoke layer should not descend before 6 feet above the walking surface. A visibility
limit of 4 meters can also be employed for occupants that are familiar with their surroundings
(SFPE Handbook 3rd Edition Table 2-4.2). Occupants of this building are considered to be
familiar with their surroundings.
Figure 32: Tenability for Visibility – SFPE Hb. Table 2-4.2
9.2.3 Radiant Heat Flux: < 2.5 kW/m2
The hot smoke layer can produce a radiant heat flux to the occupants walking below it.
This heat flux shall not exceed 2.5 kW/m2 in order to keep occupants from experiencing pain on
exposed skin. In order to stay below this value the smoke layer temperature needs to stay
below 375°C (SFPE Handbook 3rd Edition Figure 2-6.29).
68 | B l a n c h a t
Figure 33: Heat Flux & Temperature from the SFPE Hb. Figure 2-6.29
9.2.4 Carbon Monoxide: 1,000 ppm for 30 minutes
A person’s ability to exit a building is impaired by a decrease in the amount of oxygen in
the building along with the toxic effects that Carbon Monoxide has. NFPA 101 defines a
tolerable amount of CO to be at 1,000ppm for up to 30 minutes of exposure.
9.3
Available Safe Egress Time vs. Required Safe Egress Time
During a fire the egress of the occupants is a crucial part of performance-based design.
Life safety of the occupants is considered to be achieved when the required safe egress time
(RSET) is shorter than the available safe egress time (ASET).
69 | B l a n c h a t
9.3.1 Available Safe Egress Time (ASET)
The definition of ASET reads: “…The time when fire-induced conditions within an
occupied space or building become untenable.” (SFPE Handbook 3 rd Edition Chapter 14 Page 3367). These tenability limits are set in the above section 9.2 and shall be maintained.
9.3.2 Required Safe Egress Time (RSET)
The RSET is the amount of time that is passes from the start of the fire until the last
occupant has exited from the building. This time needs to be less than the ASET time in order
for this building to be considered to have passed the requirements for life safety. RSET can be
broken down into time intervals that total RSET. This information can be found in the SFPE
Handbook 3rd Edition under Chapter 14.
RSET = td + ta + to + ti + te
Where,
td = time from fire ignition to detection (Detection Time)
ta = time from detection to notification of occupants of a fire emergency (Notification Time)
to = time from notification until occupants decide to take action (Pre-Movement Time)
ti = time from decision to take action until evacuation commences (Action Time)
te = time from the start of evacuation until it is completed (Travel Time)
The figure below from the SFPE Handbook (Figure 3-13.3) shows the sequence of the
occupants’ response to a fire.
70 | B l a n c h a t
Figure 34: ASET vs RSET Chart
9.3.4 Detection Time (td) and Notification Time (ta)
The time till detection and notification is the period of time that elapses from the start
of the fire in the building until the occupants of the building are aware of the fire and need to
evacuate. Occupants will detect or become aware of the fire either by visual conformation, by
detectors, sprinklers, manual pull stations, or by fire induced conditions such as heat and
smoke.
For this building visual confirmation or triggering of the fire sprinkler system would be
the main source of detection for scenario 1. There are no smoke or heat detectors located in
the corridor lounge area. A detection and notification time of 59 seconds will be used for
scenario 1. This time is found by the activation of the sprinklers in FDS.
A similar time of 60 seconds shall be implied for the second scenario as an estimate of
the time of someone discovering the fire and using a manual pull station. This area also has no
smoke or heat detectors around the source of the fire. The second fire is in the main corridor
and easily visible throughout the length of the building making its detection and notification
time fast.
71 | B l a n c h a t
9.3.5 Pre-Movement (to) and Action Time (ti)
This is the time it takes for a person to begin exiting the building after the occupant
realizes there is a fire or alarm sounding. The amount of time required for this can vary
depending on where the occupant is or what they are doing. The occupant might need to
investigate, make a decision on the level of danger, shut down a workstation, collect
belongings, warn others around them, and seeking assistance. This complex thought process is
something that varies upon each individual situation.
The NFPA Handbook estimates the delay time to the start of evacuation in table 4.2.1.
This building would fall under mid-rise office building. Adding together the mean delay times
for a cool day and a warn day and then taking their average showed a delay time of 51 seconds.
This a delay time of 51 seconds will be applied as the total delay time (ta+to+ti).
9.3.6 Travel Time (te)
Travel time is the time from the start of the occupants’ evacuation until the end of it.
The occupant travel time was calculated using the Pathfinder software for this analysis.
9.4
Computer Modeling Software
9.4.1 Pathfinder
Pathfinder is a graphical modeling software that was developed to predict the egress
times of occupants in buildings. This was used in order to obtain the evacuation time of the
building in this project. This interface allows the user to create a 3D rendering of the building,
insert occupants on an individual level, set walking speeds/behaviors, and provide a video
72 | B l a n c h a t
simulation of the total evacuation of the building. This software was developed by
Thunderhead Engineering.
9.4.2 PyroSim
PyroSim is an advanced fire modeling graphical user interface. It was used in bulk
geometry design and simple parameter inputs. It produces an exportable Fire Dynamics
Simulator (FDS) input file to be used by FDS. This software was developed by Thunderhead
Engineering and was used to create the FDS models. This software allows the user to see the
model in a 3D design instantly in order to ensure the inputs the user is encoding are correct.
9.4.3 Fire Dynamics Simulator (FDS)
Fire Dynamics Simulator is a simulation for low speed flows that has an emphasis on
smoke and heat transport from fires. It is a computational fluid dynamics model. FDS was
developed by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and first released in
February 2000. Version 6 of the FDS software was used in the analysis of this report.
9.4.4 Smokeview (SMV)
Smokeview is a 3D visualization program used to display the output of FDS simulations.
Smokeview was also created by the researchers at NIST.
73 | B l a n c h a t
9.5
Design Fire Scenarios
NFPA 101 defines eight different design fires. For this analysis two of the eight design
fires are being used. Below are the design fire criteria according to the text from NFPA 101.
5.5.3.1* Design Fire Scenario 1. Design Fire Scenario 1 shall be described as follows:
(1) It is an occupancy-specific fire representative of a typical fire for the occupancy.
(2) It explicitly accounts for the following:
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)
g)
Occupant activities
Number and location of occupants
Room size
Contents and furnishings
Fuel properties and ignition sources
Ventilation conditions
Identification of the first item ignited and its location
5.5.3.2* Design Fire Scenario 2. Design Fire Scenario 2 shall be described as follows:
(1) It is an ultrafast-developing fire, in the primary means of egress, with interior doors open at
the start of the fire.
(2) It addresses the concern regarding a reduction in the number of available means of egress.
74 | B l a n c h a t
9.6
Scenario 1 – Corridor Lounge Area
This fire scenario is located on the first floor on the west section of the building. This
lounge area is an extension of the primary corridor. This area is mainly used by students as a
place to study, rest, or meet fellow students. The area is furnished with a couch, a few chairs,
and a table. The source of the fire will be on the couch located near the north wall. The area
has a sprinkler located directly above the center of the room for complete coverage. Below you
can see the location of the fire.
Figure 35: Scenario 1 – Couch in the Corridor
Figure 36: Scenario 1 - Corridor
The sofa located on the north side of the room will be assumed to ignite and develop
the fire. For the purpose of this experiment it will be assumed that none of the other
combustibles in the room will ignite at this time.
75 | B l a n c h a t
9.6.1 HRR
The sofa is modeled from a HRR curve found in the SFPE Handbook figure 3-1.52.
Specifically curve F32 from the figure. This is a three cushion sofa made of polyurethane foam
padding. This foam padding complies with California TB 117 Standard. The fabric on this couch
is polyolefin fabric. This furniture item is widely bought by consumers and is considered to be
one with the worst performance rating when studied in a fire. Below you see the graph of the
HRR used. This graph provided the basis for the FDS input parameters. In FDS a ramp function
will be implied to best match the live burn results in order to create a simulated fire for this
design fire scenario.
Figure 37: Scenario 1 – F32 Sofa HRR (SFPE Hb Figure 3-1.52)
76 | B l a n c h a t
9.6.2 PyroSim
Below is building 41 modeled in Pyrosim. PyroSim was used in modeling the bulk
geometry of the building and imputing in the basic parameters of the experiment. In the model
the couches appear in red. The blue dot located above the couches is the sprinkler that is
found in the corridor area. This sprinkler sits at 4.2 meters high with the ceiling at 4.4 meters
high. This sprinkler serves at the detecting device. Upon activation the flow switch will sound
the alarm notifying the occupants of the building that there is a fire.
Figure 38: Scenario 1 – PyroSim Overview
Figure 39: Scenario 1 – Couch
9.6.3 FDS
Below is a look at the FDS model before ignition takes place. The FDS model is shown
here as an outline of the obstructions in order to clearly see the fire progress during simulation.
Figure 40: Scenario 1 – FDS Overview
77 | B l a n c h a t
At 59 seconds into the simulation the sprinkler activates. Upon activation the HRR for the
couch is set to plateau and remain steady for the rest of the simulation. The sprinkler is
designed to contain the fire to that area and keep it from growing.
Figure 41: Scenario 1 - Sprinkler Activates @ 59 Seconds
Scenario 1 @ 60 Seconds
Figure 42: 41 Scenario 1 Tenability >4m at 60 Seconds
78 | B l a n c h a t
Figure 43: Scenario 1 Tenability < 60°C at 60 Seconds
The figures above show the tenability for scenario 1 at the 60 seconds time mark.
Tenability levels were determined and set in section 9.2 of this report based off of studies done
by outside sources.
In the figure above, the fire has steadily grown up until the 59 second mark where the
sprinkler fires. From these figures it can be seen that the tenability for visibility and
temperature have not yet been exceeded at the 60 second time stamp.
9.6.4 ASET vs RSET
Figure 44: Scenario 1 – Tenability Limit is Reached for >4m Visibility 6 ft Above Floor @ 240s
79 | B l a n c h a t
Figure 45: Scenario 1 - Tenability of < 60°C Has Not Been Exceeded at 240 Seconds
ASET: Above captures the building at 240 seconds. The purple line indicates 6 feet above the
occupants walking surface. The tenability criterion for visibility is exceeded at this time frame.
Visibility is found to be the most limiting condition and will be used to set the ASET for the
model at 240 seconds. Therefore, the Available Safe Egress Time for scenario 1 is set at 240
seconds after ignition of the sofa in the corridor of the hallway of Building 41.
RSET: The Required Safe Egress Time of the building was found from the predictions made in
section 9.3.2 of this report combined with the evacuation time determined from the computer
simulated egress of the building performed by Pathfinder.
80 | B l a n c h a t
Figure 46: Pathfinder – Overview of the Building Before Egress Begins
Figure 47: Pathfinder at 81.5 Seconds and Complete Evacuation
The building took 1 minute and 21.5 seconds (81.5 Seconds) to fully evacuate the
maximum occupant load of 587 people from the building to an area of safe refuge. This time
will be added to the detection, notification, pre-movement, and action time in order to find a
final REST time of 191.5 seconds.
81 | B l a n c h a t
9.6.5 Summary of Scenario 1
Sprinkler Temperature
120.00
Temp (°C)
100.00
80.00
60.00
Sprinkler Activates @ 59 Sec.
40.00
Last Out @ 191.5 Sec.
20.00
0.00
0.00
50.00
100.00
150.00
200.00
250.00
Time (s)
Scenario #1 – Sofa Fire in Corridor
Figure 48: Scenario 1 Sprinkler Temperature
HRR vs Time
450.00
400.00
350.00
HRR(kW)
300.00
Peak HRR = 398 kW at 59 Sec.
250.00
200.00
150.00
Last Out @ 191.5 Sec.
100.00
50.00
0.00
0.00
50.00
Scenario #1 – Sofa Fire in Corridor
100.00
150.00
200.00
250.00
Time (s)
Figure 49: Scenario 1 HRR vs. Time
From the charts above it is shown that the sprinkler fires at 59 seconds setting the
maximum HRR for the fire at 398 kW.
82 | B l a n c h a t
Figure 50: Scenario 1 – ASET vs. RSET
RSET = 191.5 Seconds
ASET = 240 Seconds
The Available Safe Egress Time exceeds the Required Safe Egress Time with a margin of
48.5 seconds. This building passes the performance based design criteria for maintaining
tenability of the occupants during the complete egress of the building.
83 | B l a n c h a t
9.7
Scenario 2 – Cabinet Fire in the Main Walkway
The next scenario is located on the first floor on the east section of the building. The
area focused on is located under the main set of stairs. Under the stairs are two large metal
filing cabinets stocked with paper. These cabinets pose a threat for arson and would take out a
primary means of egress if set on fire. There is a sprinkler near, but not directly over the
source. Due to the openness of the area this sprinkler would not be expected to activate until
the fire is fully developed.
Figure 51: Scenario 2 – Cabinets in Main Walkway
Figure 52: Cabinets Under the Stairs
The two cabinets located under the stairs will be
assumed to ignite and develop the fire. For the purpose of
this experiment it will be assumed that none of the other
combustibles in the area will ignite at this time. The blue
indicates the sprinkler that is found in the main walkway.
This sprinkler sits at 4.2 meters high with the ceiling at 4.4
meters high.
Figure 53: Sprinkler Location
84 | B l a n c h a t
9.7.1 HRR
The cabinets are modeled from a HRR curve found in the SFPE Handbook figure 3-1.15.
They are considered metal office storage units with a clear aisle. Below you see the graph of
the HRR used. This graph provided the basis for the FDS input parameters. In FDS a ramp
function will be implied to best match the live burn results in order to create a simulated fire
for this design fire scenario.
Figure 54: Scenario 2 – Metal Office Storage Units HRR (SFPE Hb Figure 3-1.15)
9.7.2 PyroSim
Below is building 41 modeled in Pyrosim. Like the previous scenario, PyroSim was used
in modeling the bulk geometry of the building and imputing in the basic parameters of the
85 | B l a n c h a t
experiment. In the model the cabinets appear in red. The blue dot located above the cabinets
is the sprinkler that is found in the main walkway. This sprinkler serves as a detecting device,
but due to its placement will not be the first source of detection.
Figure 55: Scenario 2 – PyroSim Overview
Figure 56: Scenario 2 – Cabinets
9.7.3 FDS
Below is a look at the FDS model before ignition takes place. The FDS model is shown
here as an outline of the obstructions in order to clearly see the fire progress during simulation.
Figure 57: Scenario 2 – FDS Overview
86 | B l a n c h a t
Scenario 2 @ 60 Seconds
Figure 58: Scenario 2 - Tenability >4m at 60 Seconds
Figure 59: Scenario 2 - Tenability < 60°C at 60 Seconds
The figures above show the tenability for scenario 2 at the 60 seconds time mark.
Tenability levels were determined and set in section 9.2 of this report based off of studies done
by outside sources.
In the figure above, it can be seen that the tenability for visibility and temperature have
not yet been exceeded at the 60 second time stamp.
87 | B l a n c h a t
9.7.4 ASET vs RSET
Figure 60: Scenario 2 – Tenability Limit is Reached for >4m Visibility 6 ft Above Floor @ 180s
Figure 61: Scenario 2 - Sprinkler Fires at 231 Seconds
Figure 62: Scenario 2 - Tenability Limit is Reached for <60°C Temp 6 ft Above Floor @ 300s
88 | B l a n c h a t
ASET: Above captures the building at 180 seconds and at 300 seconds. The purple line
indicates 6 feet above the occupants walking surface. The tenability criterion for visibility of
more than 4 meters fails at 180 seconds. The tenability criterion for temperature staying lower
than 60°C fails at 300 seconds. Visibility is therefore found to be the most limiting condition
and will be used to set the ASET for the model at 180 seconds. Therefore, the Available Safe
Egress Time for scenario 2 is set at 180 seconds after ignition of the cabinets in the main
walkway of Building 41. The sprinkler activated at 231 seconds, but is considered not effective
toward the life safety of the occupants due to the fact that it did not activate until after the
ASET frame had passed.
RSET: The Required Safe Egress Time of the building was found from the predictions made in
section 9.3.2 of this report combined with the evacuation time determined from the computer
simulated egress of the building performed by Pathfinder.
Figure 63: Scenario 2 – Pathfinder Overview Before Egress Begins with East Stairs Closed
89 | B l a n c h a t
Figure 64: Scenario 2 - Pathfinder at 60 Seconds When East Exit is Untenable To Use
Figure 65: Scenario 2 - Pathfinder at 141.3 Seconds and Complete Evacuation
For this simulation the east stairs were considered unusable to account for the worst
case scenario of a main path of egress being taken out by a fire. At 60 seconds after first
movement begins the main exit doors on the east side close to simulate conditions being
untenable for visibility due to fire found from the FDS model at 180 seconds after ignition. The
90 | B l a n c h a t
building took 2 minutes and 21.3 seconds (141.3 Seconds) to fully evacuate the maximum
occupant load of 587 people from the building to an area of safe refuge. This time will be
added to the detection, notification, pre-movement, and action time in order to find a final
REST time of 252.3 seconds.
91 | B l a n c h a t
9.7.5 Summary of Scenario 2
HRR vs Time
900.00
Peak HRR = 815 kW at 231 Sec.
800.00
HRR (kW)
700.00
600.00
500.00
400.00
300.00
Last Out @ 252.3 Sec.
200.00
100.00
0.00
0.00
50.00
100.00
150.00
200.00
250.00
300.00
250.00
300.00
Time (s)
Scenario #2 – Cabinet Fire Under The Stairs
Figure 66: Scenario 2 Sprinkler Temperature
Sprinkler Temperature
160.00
140.00
Sprinkler Activates @ 231 Sec.
Temp (°C)
120.00
100.00
80.00
60.00
40.00
20.00
0.00
0.00
50.00
Scenario #1 – Sofa Fire in Corridor
100.00
150.00
200.00
Time (s)
Last Out @ 252.3 Sec.
Figure 67: Scenario 2 HRR vs. Time
From the charts above it is shown that the sprinkler fires at 231 seconds setting the
maximum HRR for the fire at 815 kW.
92 | B l a n c h a t
Figure 68: Scenario 2 – ASET vs RSET
RSET = 252.3 Seconds
ASET = 180 Seconds
The Available Safe Egress Time does not exceed the Required Safe Egress Time. This
building fails the performance based design criteria for maintaining tenability of the occupants
during the complete egress of the building.
10
Conclusion
This report on the Grant M. Brown Engineering Building evaluated both the prescriptive-
based design and a performance-based analysis. The prescriptive-based design applied to this
building was covered and summarized in detail throughout the report with an overview of the
active and passive fire protection systems.
The performance-based analysis of this report focused on evaluating how effective the
prescriptive-based requirements were in protecting the life safety of the occupants. It was
found that the fire protection systems were not adequate for the building in one of the
93 | B l a n c h a t
scenarios. It failed to maintain the life safety of the occupants during a full evacuation of the
building. The performance based analysis shows that the tenability criteria has not been met
for scenario 2. The building became untenable before a full evacuation could take place. The
available safe egress time (ASET) was significantly less than the required safe egress time
(RSET). Therefore the system in place does not provide a level of safety required to protect all
of the occupants in various fire scenarios during the egress of the building’s occupants.
11
Recommendations

A clear area under the east side stairs needs to be maintained in order to prevent the
loss of a main path of egress due to ignition of flammable objects under the stairs
whether by accident or arson.

Staff and students should be trained on the building’s fire evacuation plan at the beginning of
each quarter.

Consideration of installing a sprinkler on the underside of the stairs in order to prevent
fires like scenario 2 from jeopardizing the use of a main path of egress.
Scheduled Inspection, Testing, and Maintenance (ITM)
Keep the main path of egress clear of obstructions.


12
References
1. Cal Poly Annual Fire Safety Report – September 2013
http://afd.calpoly.edu/ehs/docs/fire_safety_report_2013.pdf
2. Cal Poly Environmental Health & Safety Fire Drill & Building Evacuation Procedure
http://afd.calpoly.edu/ehs/docs/campus%20building%20evacuation%20procedure.pdf
3. Cote, Arthur E., John Raymond Hall, Pamela A. Powell, Casey C. Grant, and Robert E.
Solomon. Fire Protection Handbook. 20th ed. Vol. 1. Quincy, MA: National Fire Protection
Association, 2008.
4. DiNenno, Philip J. SFPE handbook of fire protection engineering. 4th ed. Quincy, MA: National
Fire Protection Association, 2008.
5. "Fire." Campus Emergency Management. Cal Poly Administration and Finance Department. 11
Nov. 2013 <http://afd.calpoly.edu/emergency/specific_emergencies/fire.asp>.
6. "Fire Safety." Environmental Health and Safety. Cal Poly Administration and Finance
Department. 11 Nov. 2013 <http://afd.calpoly.edu/ehs/firesafety.asp>.
7. Fire Safety Management Plan Checklist
https://www.fire.qld.gov.au/buildingsafety/pdf/1_fsmp_checklist_sep08.pdf
94 | B l a n c h a t
8. Fire Safety Management Plan Guidelines
http://www.hpw.qld.gov.au/SiteCollectionDocuments/fire-safety-guidelines.pdf
9. Fire Dynamics Simulator (Version 6) User’s Guide. National Institute of Standards and
Technology. U.S. Department of Commerce.
10. Griffith University Building Fire and Evacuation Plan
http://www.griffith.edu.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0016/218500/S01-QueenslandConservatorium.pdf
11. http://maps.google.com, Cal Poly Campus, San Luis Obispo, CA
12. http://www.umowlai.com.au/uploads/Tenability_in_Building_Fires.pdf
13. http://www.airah.org.au/imis15_prod/Content_Files/EcoLibrium/2011/August2011/2011_08_0
1.pdf
14. http://magazine.sfpe.org/occupants-and-egress/tenability-analyses-performance-based-design
15. International Building Code – 2012 Edition (Second Printing)
http://publicecodes.cyberregs.com/icod/ibc/2012/index.htm
16. International Fire Code – 2012 Edition (First Printing)
http://publicecodes.cyberregs.com/icod/ifc/2012/index.htm
17. Jin, T. “Visibility and Human Behavior in Fire Smoke.” The SFPE Handbook of Fire Protection
Engineering, 3rd Edition. Section 2, Chapter 4. SFPE and NFPA. 2002.
18. NFPA 13, 2013. Standard for the Installation of Sprinkler Systems and therefore. National Fire
Protection Association, an International Codes and Standards Organization. Quincy, MA.
19. NFPA 20, 2013. Standard for the Installation of Stationary Pumps for Fire Protection. National
Fire Protection Association, an International Codes and Standards Organization. Quincy, MA.
20. NFPA 70, 2014. National Electrical Code. National Fire Protection Association, an International
Codes and Standards Organization. Quincy, MA.
21. NFPA 72, 2013. National Fire Alarm Code. National Fire Protection Association, an International
Codes and Standards Organization. Quincy, MA.
22. NFPA 101, 2012-2013. Life Safety Code. National Fire Protection Association, an International
Codes and Standards Organization. Quincy, MA.
23. NFPA 110, 2013. Standard for Emergency and Standby Power Systems. National Fire Protection
Association, an International Codes and Standards Organization. Quincy, MA.
24. NFPA, 2008. Fire Protection Handbook, 20th Edition, Volume 1. National Fire Protection
Association, Quincy, MA.
25. Notifier, 2012. Data sheets.
https://www.notifier.com/salesandsupport/documentation/Pages/default.aspx
26. Pathfinder Technical Reference, Pathfinder 2012, Thunderhead Engineering
27. PyroSim User Manual, PyroSim 2012, Thunderhead Engineering
28. Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center El Paso Fire Safety Management Plan
http://www.ttuhsc.edu/admin/safety/ELPASO/Docs/Fire%20Safety%20Management%20Plan.p
df
95 | B l a n c h a t
Appendix A
Fire Detection, Alarm, and Communication Systems
Secondary Power Supply
Table 22: Secondary Power Supply
Item
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
M
N
O
P
Description
FACP
Smoke Det
Heat Det
Duct Det
Man Pul
Monitor
Mod
Relay Mod
Hrn/Str P24
Strobe S24
H2O Bell
KMS
Relay AP&C
Ceil Hrn/Str
Strobe S12
Hrn/Str P12
Floor Smoke
FCPS
Standby
Current
Per Unit
(AMPS)
.25
.00036
.0003
.0003
.000375
X
X
X
X
X
QTY
1
19
2
38
19
=
=
=
=
=
Standby
Current
Per Unit
(AMPS)
.25
.00684
.0006
.0114
.007125
.00035
.000375
0
0
X
X
X
X
7
12
14
4
=
=
=
=
.00245
.0045
0
0
.00035
.000375
.082
.064
.03
X
1
=
.015
X
7
=
0
X
5
=
0
X
4
=
0
X 15 =
.0003
X
2
=
.001287 X
1
=
Total System Standby
Current (AMPS)
.03
.105
0
0
0
.0006
.001287
.03
X
1
.015
X
7
.091
X
5
.074
X
4
.087
X
15
.0003
X
2
.001287
X
1
Total System Alarm
Current (AMPS)
.419802
Alarm
Current Per
Unit
(AMPS)
.65
.00036
.0003
.0003
.005
X
X
X
X
X
QTY
1
19
2
38
19
=
=
=
=
=
System
Alarm
Current
(AMPS)
.65
.00684
.0006
.0114
.095
X
X
X
X
7
12
14
4
=
=
=
=
.00245
.0045
1.148
.256
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
.03
.105
.455
.296
1.305
.0006
.001287
4.367677
Required Operating Time of Secondary Power Source from NFPA 72, 2013 Edition, Section 10.6.7.2.1
Standby:
Required
Standby
Time
(Hours)
24
24
Hours
Total
System
Standby
Current
(AMPS)
X .419802
Required
Standby
Capacity (AMPHours)
10.075248
Alarm: 5
Required
Standby
Capacity
(AMP-Hours)
=
10.075248
Required
Alarm
Capacity
(AMP-Hours)
+ .3638274941 =
Minutes x 1/60 0.0833 Hours
Require
Total
Required
d Alarm
System
Alarm
Time
Alarm
Current
(Hours)
Current
(AMP-Hours)
(AMPS)
.0833
X 4.367677
= .3638274941
Total
Required
Capacity
(AMP-Hours)
10.43907649
Factor of
Safety
X 1.2
Required Battery
Capacity (AMPHours)
= 12.52689059
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Fire Alarm Plan Drawings
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Room Spacing for Alarm & Notification Devices
NFPA 72, 2013 Edition, Table 18.5.5.4.1(a), Table 18.5.5.4.1(b), and Figure 18.5.5.4.1
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Catalog Cut Sheets
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115 | B l a n c h a t
Appendix B
Fire Suppression Systems
Fire Suppression System Plan Drawings
116 | B l a n c h a t
Fire Sprinkler System Most Remote Area
117 | B l a n c h a t
118 | B l a n c h a t
Hydraulic Calculation for the Most Remote Area of the Building
119 | B l a n c h a t
Hydraulic Calculation Friction Loss
Q = flow GPM
C = friction loss coefficient
d = internal diameter (inches)
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
120 | B l a n c h a t
Distances used in Calculations:
BL3NE-N
5’10”
3’3”
9’5”
10’10”
NE-NM-N1 M-N1M-N2 M-N2BOR
4’10”
2’2”
13’9”
11’
1’
8’1”
8’
13’
24’
10’
2’
5’8”
2’3”
10’
10’
9’
8’3”
9’10”
9’
Total: 29.33’ Total: 110.92’ Total: 2.17’ Total: 48.75’
BL = Branch Line
NE = Northeast
N =Node
M = Main
BOR = Base of Riser
121 | B l a n c h a t
Water Supply Graph
122 | B l a n c h a t
Appendix C
Fire Drill Plan
This part of the report takes into account sections 38.7.2 and 4.7 of the Life Safety Code and
section 405 of the International Fire Code with specific reference to section 405.5.
The intention of emergency egress and relocation drills is to educate the staff, students,
and visitors of the buildings fire safety features, egress facilities, and procedures. This
educational opportunity should be provided in a non-threatening manner in a form of practice.
These drills are required to be performed annually for Group B occupancy classifications
according to the IFC. More frequent drills can be used in order to ensure familiarization to all
the occupants and to establish the drill as a matter of routine. Drills shall be held during both
expected and unexpected times in order to simulate all situations. Local authorities shall be
included in the drills design. During the drill the occupants need to be relocated to a
predetermined location and remain at that location until a recall or dismissal signal has been
given. The IFC requires records to be kept of required emergency evacuation drills and include
the following information:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Identity of the person conduction the drill
Date and time of the drill
Notification method used
Staff members on duty and participating
Number of occupants evacuated
Special conditions simulated
Problems encountered
Weather conditions when occupants were evacuated
Time required to accomplish complete evacuation
123 | B l a n c h a t
Appendix D
Emergency Evacuation Plan
Cal Poly’s Administration and Finance oversees the Campus Emergency Management
division. This division is designed to aid the campus in a wide range of situations, one being
fire. This document can be found online at any time to anyone. When a fire occurs, staff and
students are expected to react but in slightly different ways. For someone who discovers or
believes there is a fire, Cal Poly recommends the following actions take place:

Activate the nearest fire alarm pull station.

Feel doors for heat. If cool, exit carefully. If hot, do not open the door. Stay where you are
until help arrives. If a telephone is available, call 911 and describe the emergency and your
location. Place cloth material around the bottom of the door to prevent smoke from
entering. Close as many doors as possible between you and the fire. Be prepared to signal
from a window, but do not break glass unless necessary since outside smoke could enter
your room.

If caught in smoke, drop to your hands and knees and crawl as you exit. Hold your breath as
long as possible. Breathe shallowly through your nose and use clothing as a filter.

If you see fire, confine it by closing doors and windows.

Start an orderly evacuation (even for small fires, a closed room can reach 1500 degrees
within three minutes).

From a safe location call 911 from a campus telephone.

Use extinguishers on small fires only if it is safe to do so and when there is no personal risk.
When operating a fire extinguisher, remember P-A-S-S: Pull the pin; Aim at the base of the
fire; Squeeze the lever; Sweep from side to side.

Never use an elevator during a fire.

In laboratories, follow the fire safety training provided by the instructor or other department
personnel.
If your clothing catches fire - STOP, DROP AND ROLL to extinguish the flames
Taken from http://afd.calpoly.edu/emergency/specific_emergencies/fire.asp
124 | B l a n c h a t
A more detailed plan is also available to the public. This procedure edited from Cal
Poly’s generic in order to try and achieve a complete evacuation of Building 41 in case of a fire
related emergency or an alarm being activated. This plan strives to maintain a basic set of
objectives. To ensure everyone exits the building in a safe manner, even if some of the people
are not able to use stairs. After the egress of the building a designated coordinator ensures
that everyone in the building has exited and been accounted for while meeting the objectives
set forth in the following procedure.
Policy
This procedure focuses on building evacuation for fire emergencies; however, the
following are emergencies for which a total or partial evacuation of a building may become
necessary:
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
f.
g.
Fire
Explosion
Bomb threats
Release of hazardous chemical substance (toxic levels that threaten human life)
Contamination of the air in a building.
Emergencies related to weather (flood, severe storm, severe wind)
If the earthquake causes structural damage or creates a secondary hazard such as
flooding, release of hazardous materials, exposed electrical, or any other life
threatening situations, then evacuation is recommended.
The Plan will be kept up to date, along with conducting evacuation drills annually or as
often as required in order to learn the appropriate plan of action during an emergency. Drills
are to be held at both expected and unexpected times in order to simulate an actual emergency
situation.
125 | B l a n c h a t
Building Evacuation Procedure
1. When an emergency alarm is activated staff/students/visitors are expected to evacuate
immediately. The occupants need to proceed to the predetermined assembly points
located away from the building or do a designated safe zone in the building.
2. Staff and students are responsible for visitors and making sure they follow the
evacuation procedures and egress the building at the same time.
3. Faculty members should dismiss their classes and direct students to exit the building via
the shortest path or to an area of refuge. This should be done immediately following
an alarm or notification of an emergency.
4. Critical operations shall be shut down by appointed personal while the evacuation is
underway. They are responsible for recognizing and determining when to abandon
their duties and proceed to evacuate safely.
5. Contract workers shall be educated in the procedures and understand to evacuate the
building when an alarm sounds.
Evacuation Instructions
These instructions should serve as a guide outlining how to react in case of an
emergency or the sounding of an alarm:
1. Stay Calm
2. Do not ignore alarm and listen for the announcement of evacuation directions.
3. Exit the building. This should be done immediately and in an orderly fashion.
4. Use stairways to exit the building, not elevators.
5. Dismiss classes in session and instruct students to exit the building immediately.
6. Follow quickest evacuation route from where you are (Evacuation diagrams/maps are
posted near exit doors).
7. Do not go back to your office or classroom for any reason
8. Proceed to an emergency assembly point.
9. If you have any knowledge of missing occupants or conditions that could be helpful to
responders, report to the coordinator in charge of the building.
126 | B l a n c h a t
10. Return to the building only after emergency personnel have given the all-clear signal.
Turning off of the alarm does signal the end of the emergency.
Emergency Evacuation Personnel
1. Building Coordinators/alternates should be regular employees selected and trained to
ensure:

Building evacuation is carried out as planned.

Evacuated building occupants are directed to assigned assembly points
outside the building where they will be accounted for.

Occupants needing assistance to evacuate are accommodated.
2. Building Coordinators/alternates are selected on a voluntary basis from among building
occupants.
3. Building Emergency Evacuation personnel and their corresponding duties follows:
Building Coordinators









Maintain an updated list of all occupants.
Make sure the emergency evacuation plan is understood by employees of your
immediate work area.
Help/instruct your work area occupants to exit the building when an alternative
form of emergency notification sounds separate of a building fire alarm.
Inform occupants to immediately report to their designated assembly point.
Occupants with limited mobility should be assisted down stairs if stairways are a
capable option.
Never put yourself in danger. Exit the building as soon as possible and go to the
assigned assembly area.
From the occupant list, check off co-workers as they arrive to assembly area.
Collect information on missing occupants, and report to responding University Police
representatives.
Complete Building Assessment Form, if applicable
University Police / SLO City Fire


Collect information on missing occupants from the Building Coordinators.
Meet off-campus emergency responders (fire, medical, etc.) and aid with directions
to the building/emergency area.
127 | B l a n c h a t


Report information on occupants needing evacuation assistance and other
personnel suspected to still be in the building to fire and rescue response personnel.
Assist with securing the building/area and preventing re-entry.
This detailed procedure can be found in the fire safety section at: http://afd.calpoly.edu/ehs/firesafety.asp
128 | B l a n c h a t
Appendix E
FDS Input Files
Scenario 1
Building 41 - Scenario 1.fds
&HEAD CHID='Building_41_-_Scenario_1'/
&TIME T_END=450.0/
&DUMP RENDER_FILE='Building_41_-_Scenario_2.ge1', DT_RESTART=10.0/
RoomFire.restart /
&MISC RESTART=.FALSE. /
&MESH ID='Mesh 1', IJK=140,60,46, XB=-28.0,0.0,73.0,85.0,0.0,9.2, MPI_PROCESS=0 /
&MESH ID='Mesh 2', IJK=140,60,46, XB=-56.0,-28.0,73.0,85.0,0.0,9.2, MPI_PROCESS=1 /
/&BNDF QUANTITY='WALL TEMPERATURE'/
---------------------------- DEVICES -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------&PROP ID='Default01_SprayMod01',
QUANTITY='SPRINKLER LINK TEMPERATURE',
ACTIVATION_TEMPERATURE=68.0,
RTI=80.0,
PART_ID='Water_PART',
FLOW_RATE=1.0,
DROPLET_VELOCITY=5.0/
&DEVC ID='SPRK', PROP_ID='Default01_SprayMod01', XYZ=-41.7786,82.3314,4.2/
&SPEC ID='WATER VAPOR'/
&PART ID='Water_PART',
SPEC_ID='WATER VAPOR',
DIAMETER=500.0,
MONODISPERSE=.TRUE.,
COLOR='BLUE',
AGE=60.0/
-------------------------------- REACTIONS -----------------------------------------------------------------------------&REAC ID='POLYURETHANE_REAC',
FYI='SFPE HANDBOOK 4th Ed, FLEXIBLE GM23, TABLE 3-4.16',
FUEL='REAC_FUEL',
C=1.0,
H=1.8,
O=0.35,
N=0.06,
CO_YIELD=0.031,
SOOT_YIELD=0.024/ (Average soot yields from SFPE HB 4th Table 3.4.16 = .188 x .125 because 12.5% of couch would be burning in first 60
seconds before the sprinkler activates = .0235 round up ~ .024)
------------------- FIRE ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------&SURF ID='BURNER',
FYI='F32 SOFA F32 Sofa HRR (SFPE Hb Figure 3-1.52)
COLOR='RED',
HRRPUA=440.5,
RAMP_Q='FIRE' / (3000HRR then 3000/6.81Surface Area=440.5)
&RAMP ID='FIRE' T = 0.0, F=0.00 /
&RAMP ID='FIRE' T = 10.0, F=0.01 /
&RAMP ID='FIRE' T = 20.0, F=0.02 /
129 | B l a n c h a t
&RAMP ID='FIRE' T = 30.0,
&RAMP ID='FIRE' T = 40.0,
&RAMP ID='FIRE' T = 50.0,
&RAMP ID='FIRE' T = 60.0,
&RAMP ID='FIRE' T = 450.0,
F=0.06 /
F=0.10 /
F=0.16 /
F=0.17 /
F=0.17 /
------------------------ OBSTRUCTIONS --------------------------------------------------------------------------------&OBST XB=-55.5,-54.1,80.0,80.1,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-55.5,-52.3,79.9,80.0,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-55.5,-50.6,79.8,79.9,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-55.5,-48.2,79.7,79.8,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-55.5,-44.8,79.6,79.7,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-55.5,-0.7,77.3,79.6,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-53.4,-51.6,76.4,77.3,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-49.2,-46.3,76.0,77.3,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-43.9,-42.1,73.7,77.3,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-43.4,-40.1,79.6,83.3,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-39.1,-0.7,79.6,79.7,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-36.4,-0.7,79.7,79.8,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-32.2,-0.7,79.9,80.0,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-34.0,-0.7,79.8,79.9,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-30.4,-0.7,80.0,80.1,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-28.6,-0.7,80.1,80.2,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-27.0,-0.7,80.2,80.3,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-26.0,-0.7,80.3,80.4,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-24.9,-0.7,80.4,80.5,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-24.6,-22.8,73.7,77.3,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-23.9,-11.3,80.5,80.6,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-22.9,-11.4,80.6,80.7,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-21.9,-11.3,80.7,80.8,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-20.8,-10.7,80.8,80.9,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-20.0,-10.0,80.9,81.0,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-19.2,-9.4,81.0,81.1,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-18.5,-8.8,81.1,81.2,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-17.7,-8.1,81.2,81.3,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-17.0,-7.5,81.3,81.4,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-16.2,-6.9,81.4,81.5,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-15.5,-6.3,81.5,81.6,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-14.8,-5.6,81.6,81.7,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-14.0,-5.0,81.7,81.8,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-13.4,-4.4,81.8,81.9,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-12.8,-4.1,81.9,82.0,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-12.2,-4.1,82.0,82.1,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-11.6,-4.1,82.1,82.2,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-11.0,-4.1,82.2,82.3,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-10.6,-0.7,80.5,80.6,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-10.4,-4.1,82.3,82.4,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-10.0,-0.7,80.6,80.7,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-9.8,-4.1,82.4,82.5,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-9.4,-0.7,80.7,80.8,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-9.2,-4.1,82.5,82.6,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-8.8,-0.7,80.8,80.9,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-8.7,-4.1,82.6,82.7,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-8.2,-4.1,82.7,82.8,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-8.1,-0.7,80.9,81.0,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-7.7,-4.1,82.8,82.9,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-7.5,-0.7,81.0,81.1,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-7.1,-4.1,82.9,83.0,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-6.9,-0.7,81.1,81.2,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-6.6,-4.1,83.0,83.1,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-6.3,-0.7,81.2,81.3,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-6.1,-4.1,83.1,83.2,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-5.6,-4.1,83.2,83.3,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-5.6,-0.7,81.3,81.4,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-5.1,-4.1,83.3,83.4,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
130 | B l a n c h a t
&OBST XB=-5.0,-0.7,81.4,81.5,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-4.6,-4.1,83.4,83.5,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-4.4,-0.7,81.5,81.6,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-3.8,-0.7,81.6,81.7,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-3.1,-0.7,81.7,81.8,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-2.5,-0.7,81.8,81.9,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-1.9,-0.7,81.9,82.0,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-1.3,-0.7,82.0,82.1,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-55.5,-55.4,78.4,78.5,0.0,0.1, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-55.5,-55.4,78.4,78.5,0.1,4.5, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-55.5,-55.3,78.5,79.5,0.0,0.1, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-55.5,-55.3,79.9,80.1,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-55.5,-55.3,79.5,79.9,0.0,4.4, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-55.5,-55.3,78.5,79.5,0.1,4.5, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-55.5,-55.3,77.5,78.4,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-55.5,-53.2,77.3,77.5,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-55.5,-0.7,77.3,78.4,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-55.4,-55.3,78.4,78.5,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-55.4,-0.7,78.4,78.5,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-55.3,-54.6,80.0,80.1,0.0,4.4, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-55.3,-54.1,79.8,79.9,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-55.3,-53.2,79.9,80.0,0.0,4.4, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-55.3,-52.4,79.7,79.8,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-55.3,-50.6,79.6,79.7,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-55.3,-48.2,79.5,79.6,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-55.3,-0.7,78.5,79.5,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-54.6,-54.4,80.0,80.1,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-54.6,-54.4,80.0,80.1,0.2,4.4, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-54.4,-54.3,80.0,80.1,0.0,4.4, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-54.3,-54.1,80.0,80.1,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-54.3,-54.1,80.0,80.1,0.2,4.4, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-54.1,-52.3,79.8,79.9,0.0,4.4, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-53.4,-53.2,76.6,77.3,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-53.4,-51.6,76.4,77.3,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-53.4,-51.6,76.4,76.6,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-53.2,-53.1,79.9,80.0,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-53.2,-53.1,79.9,80.0,0.2,4.4, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-53.1,-53.0,79.9,80.0,0.0,4.4, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-53.0,-52.9,79.9,80.0,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-53.0,-52.9,79.9,80.0,0.2,4.4, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-52.9,-52.7,79.9,80.0,0.0,4.4, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-52.7,-52.6,79.9,80.0,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-52.7,-52.6,79.9,80.0,0.2,4.4, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-52.6,-52.5,79.9,80.0,0.0,4.4, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-52.5,-52.3,79.9,80.0,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-52.5,-52.3,79.9,80.0,0.2,4.4, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-52.4,-49.7,79.7,79.8,0.0,4.4, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-52.3,-51.9,79.8,79.9,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-52.3,-51.9,79.8,79.9,0.2,4.4, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-51.9,-51.7,79.8,79.9,0.0,4.4, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-51.8,-51.6,76.6,77.3,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-51.8,-49.0,77.3,77.5,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-51.7,-50.6,79.8,79.9,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-51.7,-50.6,79.8,79.9,0.2,4.4, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-50.6,-49.6,79.6,79.7,0.0,4.4, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-49.7,-49.6,79.7,79.8,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-49.7,-49.6,79.7,79.8,0.2,4.4, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-49.6,-48.9,79.7,79.8,0.0,4.4, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-49.6,-48.4,79.6,79.7,0.0,4.4, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-49.2,-49.0,76.2,77.3,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-49.2,-46.3,76.0,77.3,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-49.2,-46.3,76.0,76.2,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-48.9,-48.4,79.7,79.8,0.0,4.4, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-48.4,-48.3,79.6,79.8,0.1,4.4, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-48.4,-45.9,79.6,79.7,0.0,0.1, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-48.3,-48.2,79.7,79.8,0.1,4.5, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
131 | B l a n c h a t
&OBST XB=-48.3,-45.9,79.6,79.7,0.1,4.5, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-48.2,-45.9,79.5,79.6,0.0,0.1, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-48.2,-45.9,79.5,79.6,0.1,4.5, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-46.5,-46.3,76.2,77.3,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-46.5,-43.7,77.3,77.5,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-45.9,-45.8,79.5,79.7,0.2,4.5, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-45.9,-45.2,79.6,79.7,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-45.9,-0.7,79.5,79.6,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-45.8,-44.8,79.6,79.7,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-45.8,-43.2,79.5,79.6,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-44.8,-43.2,79.4,79.5,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-43.9,-43.7,73.9,77.3,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-43.9,-42.1,73.7,77.3,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-43.9,-42.1,73.7,73.9,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-43.4,-43.2,79.6,83.1,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-43.4,-42.2,83.1,83.3,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-43.4,-42.1,83.2,83.3,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-43.4,-42.0,83.1,83.2,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-43.4,-40.3,81.0,83.1,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-43.4,-40.1,79.6,81.0,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-42.3,-42.1,73.9,77.3,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-42.3,-24.4,77.3,77.5,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-42.2,-42.0,83.1,83.3,0.2,4.5, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-42.1,-42.0,83.2,83.3,0.1,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-42.1,-40.8,83.2,83.3,0.0,0.1, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-42.0,-40.9,83.1,83.3,0.1,4.5, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-42.0,-40.7,83.1,83.2,0.0,0.1, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-40.9,-40.7,83.1,83.3,0.1,4.4, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-40.8,-40.7,83.2,83.3,0.0,0.1, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-40.7,-40.1,83.1,83.3,0.0,4.4, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-40.3,-40.2,81.0,81.1,0.0,0.1, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-40.3,-40.2,82.4,82.8,0.0,4.4, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-40.3,-40.2,81.0,82.4,0.1,4.5, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-40.3,-40.1,81.1,82.4,0.0,0.1, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-40.3,-40.1,82.8,83.1,0.0,4.4, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-40.3,-40.1,79.6,81.0,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-40.3,-39.1,79.4,79.5,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-40.3,-36.4,79.5,79.6,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-40.2,-40.1,82.4,82.5,0.0,0.1, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-40.2,-40.1,81.0,81.1,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-40.2,-40.1,82.5,82.8,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-40.2,-40.1,81.1,82.5,0.1,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-40.2,-40.1,82.5,82.8,0.2,4.4, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-40.2,-40.1,81.1,82.5,0.2,4.5, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-40.2,-40.1,81.0,81.1,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-39.1,-34.0,79.6,79.7,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-39.1,-0.7,79.6,79.7,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-36.4,-32.2,79.7,79.8,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-36.4,-0.7,79.7,79.8,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-34.0,-31.5,79.8,79.9,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-33.8,-31.5,79.8,79.9,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-32.2,-31.5,79.9,80.0,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-31.5,-30.4,79.8,79.9,0.0,0.1, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-31.5,-30.4,79.8,79.9,0.1,4.5, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-31.5,-28.6,79.9,80.0,0.1,4.5, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-31.1,-28.6,79.9,80.0,0.0,0.1, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-30.4,-28.6,80.0,80.1,0.1,4.5, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-30.4,-0.7,79.8,79.9,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-29.3,-28.6,80.0,80.1,0.0,0.1, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-28.6,-28.1,80.1,80.2,0.0,4.4, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-28.6,-27.0,80.0,80.1,0.0,4.4, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-28.6,-0.7,79.9,80.0,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-28.1,-25.9,80.1,80.2,0.0,4.4, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-27.0,-26.9,80.2,80.3,0.0,4.4, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-27.0,-0.7,80.0,80.1,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-26.9,-25.9,80.2,80.3,0.0,4.4, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
132 | B l a n c h a t
&OBST XB=-26.0,-25.9,80.3,80.4,0.0,4.4, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-25.9,-25.8,80.2,80.3,0.0,0.1, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-25.9,-25.8,80.2,80.3,0.1,4.4, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-25.9,-23.9,80.3,80.4,0.1,4.5, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-25.9,-0.7,80.1,80.2,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-25.8,-24.9,80.2,80.3,0.0,0.1, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-25.8,-24.9,80.2,80.3,0.1,4.5, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-25.8,-23.9,80.3,80.4,0.0,0.1, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-24.9,-23.1,80.4,80.5,0.1,4.5, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-24.9,-0.7,80.2,80.3,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-24.6,-24.4,73.9,77.3,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-24.6,-23.1,80.4,80.5,0.0,0.1, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-24.6,-22.8,73.7,77.3,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-24.6,-22.8,73.7,73.9,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-23.9,-23.1,80.5,80.6,0.1,4.5, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-23.9,-0.7,80.3,80.4,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-23.4,-23.1,80.5,80.6,0.0,0.1, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-23.1,-22.9,80.4,80.5,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-23.1,-21.9,80.5,80.6,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-23.1,-11.3,80.5,80.6,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-23.1,-0.7,80.4,80.5,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-23.0,-22.8,73.9,77.3,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-23.0,-0.7,77.3,77.5,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-22.9,-20.8,80.6,80.7,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-22.4,-11.4,80.6,80.7,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-21.9,-20.0,80.7,80.8,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-21.6,-11.3,80.7,80.8,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-20.8,-19.2,80.8,80.9,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-20.8,-10.7,80.8,80.9,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-20.0,-18.5,80.9,81.0,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-19.9,-10.0,80.9,81.0,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-19.2,-17.7,81.0,81.1,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-19.1,-9.4,81.0,81.1,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-18.5,-17.0,81.1,81.2,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-18.3,-8.8,81.1,81.2,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-17.7,-16.2,81.2,81.3,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-17.4,-8.1,81.2,81.3,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-17.0,-15.5,81.3,81.4,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-16.7,-7.5,81.3,81.4,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-16.2,-14.7,81.4,81.5,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-16.0,-6.9,81.4,81.5,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-15.5,-14.0,81.5,81.6,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-15.3,-6.3,81.5,81.6,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-14.8,-13.4,81.6,81.7,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-14.7,-5.6,81.6,81.7,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-14.0,-12.8,81.7,81.8,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-14.0,-5.0,81.7,81.8,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-13.4,-12.2,81.8,81.9,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-13.3,-4.4,81.8,81.9,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-12.8,-11.6,81.9,82.0,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-12.7,-4.1,81.9,82.0,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-12.2,-11.0,82.0,82.1,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-12.1,-4.1,82.0,82.1,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-11.6,-11.4,80.6,80.7,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-11.6,-11.3,80.7,80.8,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-11.6,-10.7,80.8,80.9,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-11.6,-10.4,82.1,82.2,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-11.5,-11.3,80.5,80.6,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-11.5,-11.2,80.2,80.3,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-11.5,-10.6,80.3,80.4,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-11.5,-10.0,80.4,80.5,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-11.5,-4.1,82.1,82.2,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-11.3,-10.0,80.9,81.0,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-11.0,-9.8,82.2,82.3,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-10.9,-4.1,82.2,82.3,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-10.7,-9.4,81.0,81.1,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
133 | B l a n c h a t
&OBST XB=-10.6,-9.4,80.5,80.6,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-10.6,-0.7,80.5,80.6,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-10.4,-9.2,82.3,82.4,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-10.4,-4.1,82.3,82.4,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-10.1,-8.8,81.1,81.2,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-10.0,-8.7,80.6,80.7,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-10.0,-0.7,80.6,80.7,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-9.8,-8.7,82.4,82.5,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-9.8,-4.1,82.4,82.5,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-9.4,-8.1,80.7,80.8,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-9.4,-8.1,81.2,81.3,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-9.4,-0.7,80.7,80.8,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-9.2,-8.2,82.5,82.6,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-9.2,-4.1,82.5,82.6,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-8.8,-7.5,80.8,80.9,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-8.8,-7.5,81.3,81.4,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-8.8,-0.7,80.8,80.9,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-8.7,-7.6,82.6,82.7,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-8.7,-4.3,82.6,82.7,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-8.2,-7.3,82.7,82.8,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-8.2,-6.9,81.4,81.5,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-8.1,-7.2,82.7,82.8,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-8.1,-6.9,80.9,81.0,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-8.1,-0.7,80.9,81.0,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-7.7,-7.2,82.8,82.9,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-7.6,-7.2,82.8,82.9,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-7.5,-6.3,81.5,81.6,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-7.5,-6.2,81.0,81.1,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-7.5,-0.7,81.0,81.1,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-7.3,-7.2,82.7,82.8,0.2,4.5, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-7.2,-7.1,82.7,82.8,0.0,0.1, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-7.2,-7.1,82.8,82.9,0.1,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-7.2,-7.1,82.7,82.8,0.1,4.5, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-7.2,-7.1,82.8,82.9,0.2,4.5, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-7.2,-6.6,82.8,82.9,0.0,0.1, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-7.1,-6.6,82.8,82.9,0.1,4.5, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-7.1,-6.1,82.9,83.0,0.0,0.1, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-7.1,-6.1,82.9,83.0,0.1,4.5, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-7.1,-4.3,82.7,82.8,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-6.9,-5.6,81.1,81.2,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-6.9,-5.6,81.6,81.7,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-6.9,-0.7,81.1,81.2,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-6.6,-5.6,83.0,83.1,0.0,0.1, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-6.6,-5.6,83.0,83.1,0.1,4.5, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-6.6,-4.3,82.8,82.9,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-6.3,-5.0,81.2,81.3,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-6.3,-5.0,81.7,81.8,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-6.3,-0.7,81.2,81.3,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-6.1,-5.3,83.1,83.2,0.1,4.5, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-6.1,-4.3,82.9,83.0,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-6.0,-5.2,83.1,83.2,0.0,0.1, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-5.6,-5.2,83.2,83.3,0.1,4.5, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-5.6,-4.4,81.3,81.4,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-5.6,-4.4,81.8,81.9,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-5.6,-4.3,83.0,83.1,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-5.6,-0.7,81.3,81.4,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-5.5,-5.1,83.2,83.3,0.0,0.1, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-5.3,-5.2,83.1,83.2,0.1,4.4, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-5.2,-5.1,83.1,83.2,0.0,4.4, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-5.2,-5.1,83.2,83.3,0.1,4.4, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-5.1,-5.0,83.3,83.4,0.0,4.4, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-5.1,-4.5,83.2,83.3,0.0,4.4, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-5.1,-4.3,83.1,83.2,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-5.0,-4.2,83.3,83.4,0.0,4.4, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-5.0,-4.1,81.9,82.0,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-5.0,-3.8,81.4,81.5,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
134 | B l a n c h a t
&OBST XB=-5.0,-0.7,81.4,81.5,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-4.6,-4.5,83.4,83.5,0.0,4.4, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-4.5,-4.3,83.2,83.3,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-4.5,-4.2,83.4,83.5,0.0,4.4, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-4.4,-4.1,82.0,82.1,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-4.4,-3.1,81.5,81.6,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-4.4,-0.7,81.5,81.6,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-4.3,-4.1,82.6,83.1,0.0,0.1, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-4.3,-4.1,83.2,83.3,0.0,4.4, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-4.3,-4.1,83.1,83.2,0.0,4.5, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-4.3,-4.1,82.6,83.1,0.1,4.5, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-4.3,-4.1,82.1,82.6,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-4.2,-4.1,83.3,83.5,0.0,4.4, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-3.8,-2.5,81.6,81.7,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-3.8,-0.7,81.6,81.7,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-3.1,-1.9,81.7,81.8,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-3.1,-0.7,81.7,81.8,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-2.5,-1.3,81.8,81.9,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-2.5,-0.7,81.8,81.9,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-1.9,-0.7,81.9,82.0,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-1.9,-0.7,81.9,82.0,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-1.3,-0.7,82.0,82.1,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-1.3,-0.7,82.0,82.1,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-0.9,-0.7,77.5,81.9,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-55.5,-55.3,79.9,80.1,4.4,4.4, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-55.5,-55.3,80.1,80.1,0.2,4.4, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-48.4,-48.3,79.8,79.8,4.4,4.5, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-45.9,-45.8,79.7,79.7,4.5,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-42.2,-42.1,83.1,83.1,4.5,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-42.2,-42.1,83.3,83.3,4.5,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-40.9,-40.8,83.3,83.3,4.4,4.5, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-7.3,-7.2,82.7,82.7,4.5,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-5.2,-5.1,83.3,83.3,4.4,4.5, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-55.5,-55.5,79.9,80.1,0.2,4.4, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-55.3,-55.3,79.5,79.6,4.4,4.5, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-55.3,-55.3,78.5,78.6,4.5,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-40.1,-40.1,82.5,82.6,4.4,4.5, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-55.6,-50.6,79.8,80.0,8.2,8.4, COLOR='INVISIBLE', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Roof
&OBST XB=-55.6,-48.2,79.6,79.8,8.2,8.4, COLOR='INVISIBLE', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Roof
&OBST XB=-55.6,-28.0,77.2,79.6,8.2,8.4, COLOR='INVISIBLE', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Roof
&OBST XB=-53.4,-51.6,76.4,77.2,8.2,8.4, COLOR='INVISIBLE', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Roof
&OBST XB=-49.2,-46.4,76.0,77.2,8.2,8.4, COLOR='INVISIBLE', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Roof
&OBST XB=-44.0,-42.2,73.6,77.2,8.2,8.4, COLOR='INVISIBLE', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Roof
&OBST XB=-43.4,-40.2,79.6,83.2,8.2,8.4, COLOR='INVISIBLE', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Roof
&OBST XB=-38.2,-28.0,79.6,79.8,8.2,8.4, COLOR='INVISIBLE', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Roof
&OBST XB=-34.6,-28.0,79.8,80.0,8.2,8.4, COLOR='INVISIBLE', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Roof
&OBST XB=-30.8,-28.0,80.0,80.2,8.2,8.4, COLOR='INVISIBLE', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Roof
&OBST XB=-28.0,-0.8,77.2,80.2,8.2,8.4, COLOR='INVISIBLE', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Roof
&OBST XB=-27.0,-0.8,80.2,80.4,8.2,8.4, COLOR='INVISIBLE', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Roof
&OBST XB=-25.0,-0.8,80.4,80.6,8.2,8.4, COLOR='INVISIBLE', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Roof
&OBST XB=-24.6,-22.8,73.6,77.2,8.2,8.4, COLOR='INVISIBLE', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Roof
&OBST XB=-23.0,-11.4,80.6,80.8,8.2,8.4, COLOR='INVISIBLE', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Roof
&OBST XB=-21.0,-10.6,80.8,81.0,8.2,8.4, COLOR='INVISIBLE', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Roof
&OBST XB=-19.2,-9.4,81.0,81.2,8.2,8.4, COLOR='INVISIBLE', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Roof
&OBST XB=-17.8,-8.0,81.2,81.4,8.2,8.4, COLOR='INVISIBLE', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Roof
&OBST XB=-16.2,-6.8,81.4,81.6,8.2,8.4, COLOR='INVISIBLE', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Roof
&OBST XB=-14.8,-5.4,81.6,81.8,8.2,8.4, COLOR='INVISIBLE', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Roof
&OBST XB=-13.6,-4.2,81.8,82.0,8.2,8.4, COLOR='INVISIBLE', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Roof
&OBST XB=-12.2,-4.2,82.0,82.2,8.2,8.4, COLOR='INVISIBLE', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Roof
&OBST XB=-11.0,-4.2,82.2,82.4,8.2,8.4, COLOR='INVISIBLE', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Roof
&OBST XB=-10.6,-0.8,80.6,80.8,8.2,8.4, COLOR='INVISIBLE', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Roof
&OBST XB=-9.8,-4.2,82.4,82.6,8.2,8.4, COLOR='INVISIBLE', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Roof
&OBST XB=-9.2,-0.8,80.8,81.0,8.2,8.4, COLOR='INVISIBLE', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Roof
&OBST XB=-8.8,-4.2,82.6,82.8,8.2,8.4, COLOR='INVISIBLE', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Roof
&OBST XB=-7.8,-0.8,81.0,81.2,8.2,8.4, COLOR='INVISIBLE', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Roof
135 | B l a n c h a t
&OBST XB=-7.6,-4.2,82.8,83.0,8.2,8.4, COLOR='INVISIBLE', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Roof
&OBST XB=-6.6,-4.2,83.0,83.2,8.2,8.4, COLOR='INVISIBLE', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Roof
&OBST XB=-6.4,-0.8,81.2,81.4,8.2,8.4, COLOR='INVISIBLE', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Roof
&OBST XB=-5.4,-4.2,83.2,83.4,8.2,8.4, COLOR='INVISIBLE', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Roof
&OBST XB=-5.0,-0.8,81.4,81.6,8.2,8.4, COLOR='INVISIBLE', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Roof
&OBST XB=-3.6,-0.8,81.6,81.8,8.2,8.4, COLOR='INVISIBLE', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Roof
&OBST XB=-2.2,-0.8,81.8,82.0,8.2,8.4, COLOR='INVISIBLE', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Roof
&OBST XB=-55.6,-55.4,77.4,79.8,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-55.6,-53.2,77.2,77.4,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-55.6,-50.6,79.8,80.0,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-53.4,-53.2,76.6,77.2,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-53.4,-51.6,76.4,76.6,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-51.8,-51.6,76.6,77.2,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-51.8,-49.0,77.2,77.4,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-50.6,-48.2,79.6,79.8,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-49.2,-49.0,76.2,77.2,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-49.2,-46.4,76.0,76.2,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-48.2,-43.2,79.4,79.6,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-46.6,-46.4,76.2,77.2,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-46.6,-43.8,77.2,77.4,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-44.0,-43.8,73.8,77.2,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-44.0,-42.2,73.6,73.8,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-43.4,-43.2,79.6,83.0,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-43.4,-40.2,83.0,83.2,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-42.4,-42.2,73.8,77.2,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-42.4,-28.0,77.2,77.4,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-40.4,-40.2,79.6,83.0,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-40.4,-38.2,79.4,79.6,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-38.2,-34.6,79.6,79.8,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-34.6,-30.8,79.8,80.0,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-30.8,-28.0,80.0,80.2,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-28.0,-27.0,80.0,80.2,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-28.0,-24.4,77.2,77.4,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-27.0,-25.0,80.2,80.4,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-25.0,-23.0,80.4,80.6,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-24.6,-24.4,73.8,77.2,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-24.6,-22.8,73.6,73.8,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-23.0,-22.8,73.8,77.2,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-23.0,-22.8,77.4,77.6,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-23.0,-21.0,80.6,80.8,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-23.0,-0.8,77.2,77.4,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-21.0,-19.2,80.8,81.0,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-19.2,-17.8,81.0,81.2,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-17.8,-16.2,81.2,81.4,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-16.2,-14.8,81.4,81.6,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-14.8,-13.6,81.6,81.8,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-13.6,-12.2,81.8,82.0,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-12.2,-11.0,82.0,82.2,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-11.6,-11.4,80.4,80.8,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-11.6,-10.8,80.8,81.0,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-11.6,-10.4,80.2,80.4,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-11.0,-9.8,82.2,82.4,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-10.8,-9.4,81.0,81.2,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-10.4,-9.2,80.4,80.6,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-9.8,-8.8,82.4,82.6,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-9.4,-8.0,81.2,81.4,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-9.2,-8.0,80.6,80.8,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-8.8,-7.6,82.6,82.8,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-8.2,-6.8,81.4,81.6,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-8.0,-6.8,80.8,81.0,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-7.6,-6.6,82.8,83.0,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-6.8,-5.6,81.0,81.2,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-6.8,-5.4,81.6,81.8,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-6.6,-5.4,83.0,83.2,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-5.6,-4.4,81.2,81.4,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-5.4,-4.2,81.8,82.0,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
136 | B l a n c h a t
&OBST XB=-5.4,-4.2,83.2,83.4,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-4.4,-4.2,82.0,83.2,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-4.4,-3.2,81.4,81.6,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-3.2,-1.8,81.6,81.8,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-1.8,-0.8,81.8,82.0,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-1.0,-0.8,77.4,81.8,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-11.6,-11.6,80.0,80.2,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
------------------------------ COUCH -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------&OBST XB=-40.8,-41.0,81.9,82.8,0.20,0.65,
&OBST XB=-41.0,-42.7,82.6,82.8,0.20,0.95,
&OBST XB=-42.7,-42.9,81.9,82.8,0.20,0.65,
&OBST XB=-41.0,-42.7,81.9,82.6,0.20,0.55,
SURF_ID='BURNER'/ Couch #1
SURF_ID='BURNER'/ Couch #2
SURF_ID='BURNER'/ Couch #3
SURF_ID='BURNER'/ Couch #4
---------------------------- HOLE -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------&HOLE XB=-8.8,-1.2,77.8,80.4,4.4,4.6/ Hole
&HOLE XB=-7.4,-1.2,80.4,80.6,4.4,4.6/ Hole
&HOLE XB=-6.2,-1.2,80.6,80.8,4.4,4.6/ Hole
&HOLE XB=-5.0,-1.2,80.8,81.0,4.4,4.6/ Hole
&HOLE XB=-3.8,-1.2,81.0,81.2,4.4,4.6/ Hole
&HOLE XB=-2.4,-1.2,81.2,81.4,4.4,4.6/ Hole
-------------------------- OUTSIDE ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------&VENT SURF_ID='OPEN', MB='ZMAX', COLOR='INVISIBLE'/ Vent
&VENT SURF_ID='OPEN', MB='XMIN'/ Vent02
&VENT SURF_ID='OPEN', MB='XMAX'/ Vent03
&VENT SURF_ID='OPEN', MB='YMIN'/ Vent04
&VENT SURF_ID='OPEN', MB='YMAX'/ Vent05
--------------------------- SLICE FILES -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------&SLCF QUANTITY='TEMPERATURE', PBY=79.0/
&SLCF QUANTITY='PRESSURE', PBY=79.0/
&SLCF QUANTITY='VISIBILITY', PBY=79.0/
&SLCF QUANTITY='TEMPERATURE', PBX=-41.7786/
&SLCF QUANTITY='VISIBILITY', PBX=-41.7786/
&SLCF QUANTITY='MASS FRACTION', SPEC_ID='OXYGEN', PBY=79.0/
------------------------------ END -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------&TAIL /
Scenario 2
Building 41 - Scenario 2.fds
&HEAD CHID='Building_41_-_Scenario_2'/
&TIME T_END=450.0/
&DUMP RENDER_FILE='Building_41_-_Scenario_2.ge1', DT_RESTART=10.0/
RoomFire.restart /
&MISC RESTART=.FALSE. /
&MESH ID='Mesh 1', IJK=140,60,46, XB=-28.0,0.0,73.0,85.0,0.0,9.2, MPI_PROCESS=0 /
&MESH ID='Mesh 2', IJK=140,60,46, XB=-56.0,-28.0,73.0,85.0,0.0,9.2, MPI_PROCESS=1 /
/&BNDF QUANTITY='WALL TEMPERATURE'/
------------------- FIRE -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------&REAC ID='CELLULOSE',
FYI='SFPE HB Table 3-4.16',
137 | B l a n c h a t
FUEL='REAC_FUEL',
C=6.0,
H=10.0,
O=5.0,
N=0.0,
SOOT_YIELD=0.015/(Table 3-4.16 SFPE HB 4th Ed for Wood (red oak))
&SURF ID='BURNER',
FYI='Storage Units (Fig. 3-1.15 SFPE HB 4th Ed)',
COLOR='RED',
HRRPUA=115,
RAMP_Q='BURNER_RAMP_Q'/ (1000x2=2000HRR then 2000/8.7Surface Area=229.89/2=114.9)
&RAMP ID='BURNER_RAMP_Q', T=0.0, F=0.0/
&RAMP ID='BURNER_RAMP_Q', T=50.0, F=0.03/
&RAMP ID='BURNER_RAMP_Q', T=100.0, F=0.05/
&RAMP ID='BURNER_RAMP_Q', T=150.0, F=0.1/
&RAMP ID='BURNER_RAMP_Q', T=200.0, F=0.2/
&RAMP ID='BURNER_RAMP_Q', T=250.0, F=0.6/
&RAMP ID='BURNER_RAMP_Q', T=300.0, F=1.0/
&RAMP ID='BURNER_RAMP_Q', T=350.0, F=0.6/
&RAMP ID='BURNER_RAMP_Q', T=375.0, F=0.2/
&RAMP ID='BURNER_RAMP_Q', T=400.0, F=0.0/
------------------------ OBSTRUCTIONS ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------&OBST XB=-55.5,-54.1,80.0,80.1,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-55.5,-52.3,79.9,80.0,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-55.5,-50.6,79.8,79.9,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-55.5,-48.2,79.7,79.8,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-55.5,-44.8,79.6,79.7,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-55.5,-0.7,77.3,79.6,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-53.4,-51.6,76.4,77.3,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-49.2,-46.3,76.0,77.3,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-43.9,-42.1,73.7,77.3,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-43.4,-40.1,79.6,83.3,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-39.1,-0.7,79.6,79.7,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-36.4,-0.7,79.7,79.8,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-32.2,-0.7,79.9,80.0,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-34.0,-0.7,79.8,79.9,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-30.4,-0.7,80.0,80.1,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-28.6,-0.7,80.1,80.2,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-27.0,-0.7,80.2,80.3,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-26.0,-0.7,80.3,80.4,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-24.9,-0.7,80.4,80.5,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-24.6,-22.8,73.7,77.3,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-23.9,-11.3,80.5,80.6,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-22.9,-11.4,80.6,80.7,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-21.9,-11.3,80.7,80.8,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-20.8,-10.7,80.8,80.9,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-20.0,-10.0,80.9,81.0,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-19.2,-9.4,81.0,81.1,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-18.5,-8.8,81.1,81.2,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-17.7,-8.1,81.2,81.3,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-17.0,-7.5,81.3,81.4,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-16.2,-6.9,81.4,81.5,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-15.5,-6.3,81.5,81.6,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-14.8,-5.6,81.6,81.7,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-14.0,-5.0,81.7,81.8,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-13.4,-4.4,81.8,81.9,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-12.8,-4.1,81.9,82.0,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-12.2,-4.1,82.0,82.1,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-11.6,-4.1,82.1,82.2,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-11.0,-4.1,82.2,82.3,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-10.6,-0.7,80.5,80.6,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-10.4,-4.1,82.3,82.4,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
138 | B l a n c h a t
&OBST XB=-10.0,-0.7,80.6,80.7,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-9.8,-4.1,82.4,82.5,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-9.4,-0.7,80.7,80.8,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-9.2,-4.1,82.5,82.6,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-8.8,-0.7,80.8,80.9,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-8.7,-4.1,82.6,82.7,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-8.2,-4.1,82.7,82.8,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-8.1,-0.7,80.9,81.0,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-7.7,-4.1,82.8,82.9,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-7.5,-0.7,81.0,81.1,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-7.1,-4.1,82.9,83.0,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-6.9,-0.7,81.1,81.2,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-6.6,-4.1,83.0,83.1,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-6.3,-0.7,81.2,81.3,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-6.1,-4.1,83.1,83.2,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-5.6,-4.1,83.2,83.3,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-5.6,-0.7,81.3,81.4,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-5.1,-4.1,83.3,83.4,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-5.0,-0.7,81.4,81.5,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-4.6,-4.1,83.4,83.5,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-4.4,-0.7,81.5,81.6,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-3.8,-0.7,81.6,81.7,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-3.1,-0.7,81.7,81.8,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-2.5,-0.7,81.8,81.9,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-1.9,-0.7,81.9,82.0,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-1.3,-0.7,82.0,82.1,4.4,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Floor
&OBST XB=-55.5,-55.4,78.4,78.5,0.0,0.1, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-55.5,-55.4,78.4,78.5,0.1,4.5, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-55.5,-55.3,78.5,79.5,0.0,0.1, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-55.5,-55.3,79.9,80.1,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-55.5,-55.3,79.5,79.9,0.0,4.4, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-55.5,-55.3,78.5,79.5,0.1,4.5, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-55.5,-55.3,77.5,78.4,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-55.5,-53.2,77.3,77.5,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-55.5,-0.7,77.3,78.4,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-55.4,-55.3,78.4,78.5,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-55.4,-0.7,78.4,78.5,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-55.3,-54.6,80.0,80.1,0.0,4.4, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-55.3,-54.1,79.8,79.9,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-55.3,-53.2,79.9,80.0,0.0,4.4, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-55.3,-52.4,79.7,79.8,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-55.3,-50.6,79.6,79.7,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-55.3,-48.2,79.5,79.6,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-55.3,-0.7,78.5,79.5,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-54.6,-54.4,80.0,80.1,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-54.6,-54.4,80.0,80.1,0.2,4.4, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-54.4,-54.3,80.0,80.1,0.0,4.4, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-54.3,-54.1,80.0,80.1,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-54.3,-54.1,80.0,80.1,0.2,4.4, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-54.1,-52.3,79.8,79.9,0.0,4.4, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-53.4,-53.2,76.6,77.3,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-53.4,-51.6,76.4,77.3,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-53.4,-51.6,76.4,76.6,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-53.2,-53.1,79.9,80.0,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-53.2,-53.1,79.9,80.0,0.2,4.4, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-53.1,-53.0,79.9,80.0,0.0,4.4, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-53.0,-52.9,79.9,80.0,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-53.0,-52.9,79.9,80.0,0.2,4.4, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-52.9,-52.7,79.9,80.0,0.0,4.4, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-52.7,-52.6,79.9,80.0,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-52.7,-52.6,79.9,80.0,0.2,4.4, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-52.6,-52.5,79.9,80.0,0.0,4.4, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-52.5,-52.3,79.9,80.0,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-52.5,-52.3,79.9,80.0,0.2,4.4, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-52.4,-49.7,79.7,79.8,0.0,4.4, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-52.3,-51.9,79.8,79.9,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
139 | B l a n c h a t
&OBST XB=-52.3,-51.9,79.8,79.9,0.2,4.4, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-51.9,-51.7,79.8,79.9,0.0,4.4, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-51.8,-51.6,76.6,77.3,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-51.8,-49.0,77.3,77.5,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-51.7,-50.6,79.8,79.9,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-51.7,-50.6,79.8,79.9,0.2,4.4, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-50.6,-49.6,79.6,79.7,0.0,4.4, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-49.7,-49.6,79.7,79.8,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-49.7,-49.6,79.7,79.8,0.2,4.4, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-49.6,-48.9,79.7,79.8,0.0,4.4, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-49.6,-48.4,79.6,79.7,0.0,4.4, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-49.2,-49.0,76.2,77.3,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-49.2,-46.3,76.0,77.3,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-49.2,-46.3,76.0,76.2,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-48.9,-48.4,79.7,79.8,0.0,4.4, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-48.4,-48.3,79.6,79.8,0.1,4.4, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-48.4,-45.9,79.6,79.7,0.0,0.1, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-48.3,-48.2,79.7,79.8,0.1,4.5, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-48.3,-45.9,79.6,79.7,0.1,4.5, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-48.2,-45.9,79.5,79.6,0.0,0.1, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-48.2,-45.9,79.5,79.6,0.1,4.5, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-46.5,-46.3,76.2,77.3,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-46.5,-43.7,77.3,77.5,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-45.9,-45.8,79.5,79.7,0.2,4.5, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-45.9,-45.2,79.6,79.7,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-45.9,-0.7,79.5,79.6,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-45.8,-44.8,79.6,79.7,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-45.8,-43.2,79.5,79.6,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-44.8,-43.2,79.4,79.5,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-43.9,-43.7,73.9,77.3,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-43.9,-42.1,73.7,77.3,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-43.9,-42.1,73.7,73.9,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-43.4,-43.2,79.6,83.1,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-43.4,-42.2,83.1,83.3,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-43.4,-42.1,83.2,83.3,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-43.4,-42.0,83.1,83.2,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-43.4,-40.3,81.0,83.1,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-43.4,-40.1,79.6,81.0,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-42.3,-42.1,73.9,77.3,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-42.3,-24.4,77.3,77.5,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-42.2,-42.0,83.1,83.3,0.2,4.5, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-42.1,-42.0,83.2,83.3,0.1,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-42.1,-40.8,83.2,83.3,0.0,0.1, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-42.0,-40.9,83.1,83.3,0.1,4.5, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-42.0,-40.7,83.1,83.2,0.0,0.1, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-40.9,-40.7,83.1,83.3,0.1,4.4, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-40.8,-40.7,83.2,83.3,0.0,0.1, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-40.7,-40.1,83.1,83.3,0.0,4.4, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-40.3,-40.2,81.0,81.1,0.0,0.1, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-40.3,-40.2,82.4,82.8,0.0,4.4, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-40.3,-40.2,81.0,82.4,0.1,4.5, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-40.3,-40.1,81.1,82.4,0.0,0.1, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-40.3,-40.1,82.8,83.1,0.0,4.4, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-40.3,-40.1,79.6,81.0,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-40.3,-39.1,79.4,79.5,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-40.3,-36.4,79.5,79.6,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-40.2,-40.1,82.4,82.5,0.0,0.1, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-40.2,-40.1,81.0,81.1,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-40.2,-40.1,82.5,82.8,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-40.2,-40.1,81.1,82.5,0.1,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-40.2,-40.1,82.5,82.8,0.2,4.4, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-40.2,-40.1,81.1,82.5,0.2,4.5, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-40.2,-40.1,81.0,81.1,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-39.1,-34.0,79.6,79.7,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-39.1,-0.7,79.6,79.7,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-36.4,-32.2,79.7,79.8,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
140 | B l a n c h a t
&OBST XB=-36.4,-0.7,79.7,79.8,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-34.0,-31.5,79.8,79.9,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-33.8,-31.5,79.8,79.9,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-32.2,-31.5,79.9,80.0,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-31.5,-30.4,79.8,79.9,0.0,0.1, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-31.5,-30.4,79.8,79.9,0.1,4.5, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-31.5,-28.6,79.9,80.0,0.1,4.5, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-31.1,-28.6,79.9,80.0,0.0,0.1, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-30.4,-28.6,80.0,80.1,0.1,4.5, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-30.4,-0.7,79.8,79.9,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-29.3,-28.6,80.0,80.1,0.0,0.1, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-28.6,-28.1,80.1,80.2,0.0,4.4, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-28.6,-27.0,80.0,80.1,0.0,4.4, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-28.6,-0.7,79.9,80.0,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-28.1,-25.9,80.1,80.2,0.0,4.4, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-27.0,-26.9,80.2,80.3,0.0,4.4, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-27.0,-0.7,80.0,80.1,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-26.9,-25.9,80.2,80.3,0.0,4.4, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-26.0,-25.9,80.3,80.4,0.0,4.4, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-25.9,-25.8,80.2,80.3,0.0,0.1, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-25.9,-25.8,80.2,80.3,0.1,4.4, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-25.9,-23.9,80.3,80.4,0.1,4.5, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-25.9,-0.7,80.1,80.2,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-25.8,-24.9,80.2,80.3,0.0,0.1, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-25.8,-24.9,80.2,80.3,0.1,4.5, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-25.8,-23.9,80.3,80.4,0.0,0.1, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-24.9,-23.1,80.4,80.5,0.1,4.5, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-24.9,-0.7,80.2,80.3,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-24.6,-24.4,73.9,77.3,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-24.6,-23.1,80.4,80.5,0.0,0.1, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-24.6,-22.8,73.7,77.3,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-24.6,-22.8,73.7,73.9,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-23.9,-23.1,80.5,80.6,0.1,4.5, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-23.9,-0.7,80.3,80.4,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-23.4,-23.1,80.5,80.6,0.0,0.1, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-23.1,-22.9,80.4,80.5,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-23.1,-21.9,80.5,80.6,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-23.1,-11.3,80.5,80.6,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-23.1,-0.7,80.4,80.5,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-23.0,-22.8,73.9,77.3,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-23.0,-0.7,77.3,77.5,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-22.9,-20.8,80.6,80.7,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-22.4,-11.4,80.6,80.7,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-21.9,-20.0,80.7,80.8,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-21.6,-11.3,80.7,80.8,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-20.8,-19.2,80.8,80.9,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-20.8,-10.7,80.8,80.9,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-20.0,-18.5,80.9,81.0,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-19.9,-10.0,80.9,81.0,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-19.2,-17.7,81.0,81.1,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-19.1,-9.4,81.0,81.1,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-18.5,-17.0,81.1,81.2,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-18.3,-8.8,81.1,81.2,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-17.7,-16.2,81.2,81.3,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-17.4,-8.1,81.2,81.3,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-17.0,-15.5,81.3,81.4,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-16.7,-7.5,81.3,81.4,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-16.2,-14.7,81.4,81.5,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-16.0,-6.9,81.4,81.5,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-15.5,-14.0,81.5,81.6,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-15.3,-6.3,81.5,81.6,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-14.8,-13.4,81.6,81.7,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-14.7,-5.6,81.6,81.7,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-14.0,-12.8,81.7,81.8,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-14.0,-5.0,81.7,81.8,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-13.4,-12.2,81.8,81.9,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
141 | B l a n c h a t
&OBST XB=-13.3,-4.4,81.8,81.9,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-12.8,-11.6,81.9,82.0,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-12.7,-4.1,81.9,82.0,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-12.2,-11.0,82.0,82.1,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-12.1,-4.1,82.0,82.1,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-11.6,-11.4,80.6,80.7,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-11.6,-11.3,80.7,80.8,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-11.6,-10.7,80.8,80.9,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-11.6,-10.4,82.1,82.2,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-11.5,-11.3,80.5,80.6,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-11.5,-11.2,80.2,80.3,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-11.5,-10.6,80.3,80.4,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-11.5,-10.0,80.4,80.5,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-11.5,-4.1,82.1,82.2,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-11.3,-10.0,80.9,81.0,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-11.0,-9.8,82.2,82.3,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-10.9,-4.1,82.2,82.3,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-10.7,-9.4,81.0,81.1,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-10.6,-9.4,80.5,80.6,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-10.6,-0.7,80.5,80.6,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-10.4,-9.2,82.3,82.4,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-10.4,-4.1,82.3,82.4,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-10.1,-8.8,81.1,81.2,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-10.0,-8.7,80.6,80.7,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-10.0,-0.7,80.6,80.7,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-9.8,-8.7,82.4,82.5,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-9.8,-4.1,82.4,82.5,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-9.4,-8.1,80.7,80.8,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-9.4,-8.1,81.2,81.3,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-9.4,-0.7,80.7,80.8,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-9.2,-8.2,82.5,82.6,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-9.2,-4.1,82.5,82.6,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-8.8,-7.5,80.8,80.9,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-8.8,-7.5,81.3,81.4,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-8.8,-0.7,80.8,80.9,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-8.7,-7.6,82.6,82.7,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-8.7,-4.3,82.6,82.7,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-8.2,-7.3,82.7,82.8,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-8.2,-6.9,81.4,81.5,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-8.1,-7.2,82.7,82.8,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-8.1,-6.9,80.9,81.0,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-8.1,-0.7,80.9,81.0,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-7.7,-7.2,82.8,82.9,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-7.6,-7.2,82.8,82.9,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-7.5,-6.3,81.5,81.6,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-7.5,-6.2,81.0,81.1,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-7.5,-0.7,81.0,81.1,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-7.3,-7.2,82.7,82.8,0.2,4.5, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-7.2,-7.1,82.7,82.8,0.0,0.1, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-7.2,-7.1,82.8,82.9,0.1,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-7.2,-7.1,82.7,82.8,0.1,4.5, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-7.2,-7.1,82.8,82.9,0.2,4.5, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-7.2,-6.6,82.8,82.9,0.0,0.1, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-7.1,-6.6,82.8,82.9,0.1,4.5, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-7.1,-6.1,82.9,83.0,0.0,0.1, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-7.1,-6.1,82.9,83.0,0.1,4.5, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-7.1,-4.3,82.7,82.8,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-6.9,-5.6,81.1,81.2,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-6.9,-5.6,81.6,81.7,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-6.9,-0.7,81.1,81.2,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-6.6,-5.6,83.0,83.1,0.0,0.1, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-6.6,-5.6,83.0,83.1,0.1,4.5, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-6.6,-4.3,82.8,82.9,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-6.3,-5.0,81.2,81.3,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-6.3,-5.0,81.7,81.8,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-6.3,-0.7,81.2,81.3,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
142 | B l a n c h a t
&OBST XB=-6.1,-5.3,83.1,83.2,0.1,4.5, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-6.1,-4.3,82.9,83.0,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-6.0,-5.2,83.1,83.2,0.0,0.1, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-5.6,-5.2,83.2,83.3,0.1,4.5, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-5.6,-4.4,81.3,81.4,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-5.6,-4.4,81.8,81.9,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-5.6,-4.3,83.0,83.1,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-5.6,-0.7,81.3,81.4,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-5.5,-5.1,83.2,83.3,0.0,0.1, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-5.3,-5.2,83.1,83.2,0.1,4.4, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-5.2,-5.1,83.1,83.2,0.0,4.4, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-5.2,-5.1,83.2,83.3,0.1,4.4, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-5.1,-5.0,83.3,83.4,0.0,4.4, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-5.1,-4.5,83.2,83.3,0.0,4.4, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-5.1,-4.3,83.1,83.2,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-5.0,-4.2,83.3,83.4,0.0,4.4, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-5.0,-4.1,81.9,82.0,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-5.0,-3.8,81.4,81.5,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-5.0,-0.7,81.4,81.5,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-4.6,-4.5,83.4,83.5,0.0,4.4, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-4.5,-4.3,83.2,83.3,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-4.5,-4.2,83.4,83.5,0.0,4.4, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-4.4,-4.1,82.0,82.1,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-4.4,-3.1,81.5,81.6,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-4.4,-0.7,81.5,81.6,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-4.3,-4.1,82.6,83.1,0.0,0.1, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-4.3,-4.1,83.2,83.3,0.0,4.4, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-4.3,-4.1,83.1,83.2,0.0,4.5, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-4.3,-4.1,82.6,83.1,0.1,4.5, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-4.3,-4.1,82.1,82.6,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-4.2,-4.1,83.3,83.5,0.0,4.4, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-3.8,-2.5,81.6,81.7,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-3.8,-0.7,81.6,81.7,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-3.1,-1.9,81.7,81.8,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-3.1,-0.7,81.7,81.8,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-2.5,-1.3,81.8,81.9,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-2.5,-0.7,81.8,81.9,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-1.9,-0.7,81.9,82.0,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-1.9,-0.7,81.9,82.0,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-1.3,-0.7,82.0,82.1,0.0,0.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-1.3,-0.7,82.0,82.1,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-0.9,-0.7,77.5,81.9,0.2,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-55.5,-55.3,79.9,80.1,4.4,4.4, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-55.5,-55.3,80.1,80.1,0.2,4.4, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-48.4,-48.3,79.8,79.8,4.4,4.5, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-45.9,-45.8,79.7,79.7,4.5,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-42.2,-42.1,83.1,83.1,4.5,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-42.2,-42.1,83.3,83.3,4.5,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-40.9,-40.8,83.3,83.3,4.4,4.5, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-7.3,-7.2,82.7,82.7,4.5,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-5.2,-5.1,83.3,83.3,4.4,4.5, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-55.5,-55.5,79.9,80.1,0.2,4.4, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-55.3,-55.3,79.5,79.6,4.4,4.5, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-55.3,-55.3,78.5,78.6,4.5,4.6, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-40.1,-40.1,82.5,82.6,4.4,4.5, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ Obstruction
&OBST XB=-55.6,-50.6,79.8,80.0,8.2,8.4, COLOR='INVISIBLE', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Roof
&OBST XB=-55.6,-48.2,79.6,79.8,8.2,8.4, COLOR='INVISIBLE', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Roof
&OBST XB=-55.6,-28.0,77.2,79.6,8.2,8.4, COLOR='INVISIBLE', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Roof
&OBST XB=-53.4,-51.6,76.4,77.2,8.2,8.4, COLOR='INVISIBLE', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Roof
&OBST XB=-49.2,-46.4,76.0,77.2,8.2,8.4, COLOR='INVISIBLE', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Roof
&OBST XB=-44.0,-42.2,73.6,77.2,8.2,8.4, COLOR='INVISIBLE', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Roof
&OBST XB=-43.4,-40.2,79.6,83.2,8.2,8.4, COLOR='INVISIBLE', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Roof
&OBST XB=-38.2,-28.0,79.6,79.8,8.2,8.4, COLOR='INVISIBLE', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Roof
&OBST XB=-34.6,-28.0,79.8,80.0,8.2,8.4, COLOR='INVISIBLE', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Roof
&OBST XB=-30.8,-28.0,80.0,80.2,8.2,8.4, COLOR='INVISIBLE', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Roof
143 | B l a n c h a t
&OBST XB=-28.0,-0.8,77.2,80.2,8.2,8.4, COLOR='INVISIBLE', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Roof
&OBST XB=-27.0,-0.8,80.2,80.4,8.2,8.4, COLOR='INVISIBLE', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Roof
&OBST XB=-25.0,-0.8,80.4,80.6,8.2,8.4, COLOR='INVISIBLE', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Roof
&OBST XB=-24.6,-22.8,73.6,77.2,8.2,8.4, COLOR='INVISIBLE', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Roof
&OBST XB=-23.0,-11.4,80.6,80.8,8.2,8.4, COLOR='INVISIBLE', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Roof
&OBST XB=-21.0,-10.6,80.8,81.0,8.2,8.4, COLOR='INVISIBLE', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Roof
&OBST XB=-19.2,-9.4,81.0,81.2,8.2,8.4, COLOR='INVISIBLE', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Roof
&OBST XB=-17.8,-8.0,81.2,81.4,8.2,8.4, COLOR='INVISIBLE', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Roof
&OBST XB=-16.2,-6.8,81.4,81.6,8.2,8.4, COLOR='INVISIBLE', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Roof
&OBST XB=-14.8,-5.4,81.6,81.8,8.2,8.4, COLOR='INVISIBLE', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Roof
&OBST XB=-13.6,-4.2,81.8,82.0,8.2,8.4, COLOR='INVISIBLE', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Roof
&OBST XB=-12.2,-4.2,82.0,82.2,8.2,8.4, COLOR='INVISIBLE', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Roof
&OBST XB=-11.0,-4.2,82.2,82.4,8.2,8.4, COLOR='INVISIBLE', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Roof
&OBST XB=-10.6,-0.8,80.6,80.8,8.2,8.4, COLOR='INVISIBLE', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Roof
&OBST XB=-9.8,-4.2,82.4,82.6,8.2,8.4, COLOR='INVISIBLE', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Roof
&OBST XB=-9.2,-0.8,80.8,81.0,8.2,8.4, COLOR='INVISIBLE', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Roof
&OBST XB=-8.8,-4.2,82.6,82.8,8.2,8.4, COLOR='INVISIBLE', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Roof
&OBST XB=-7.8,-0.8,81.0,81.2,8.2,8.4, COLOR='INVISIBLE', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Roof
&OBST XB=-7.6,-4.2,82.8,83.0,8.2,8.4, COLOR='INVISIBLE', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Roof
&OBST XB=-6.6,-4.2,83.0,83.2,8.2,8.4, COLOR='INVISIBLE', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Roof
&OBST XB=-6.4,-0.8,81.2,81.4,8.2,8.4, COLOR='INVISIBLE', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Roof
&OBST XB=-5.4,-4.2,83.2,83.4,8.2,8.4, COLOR='INVISIBLE', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Roof
&OBST XB=-5.0,-0.8,81.4,81.6,8.2,8.4, COLOR='INVISIBLE', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Roof
&OBST XB=-3.6,-0.8,81.6,81.8,8.2,8.4, COLOR='INVISIBLE', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Roof
&OBST XB=-2.2,-0.8,81.8,82.0,8.2,8.4, COLOR='INVISIBLE', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Roof
&OBST XB=-55.6,-55.4,77.4,79.8,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-55.6,-53.2,77.2,77.4,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-55.6,-50.6,79.8,80.0,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-53.4,-53.2,76.6,77.2,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-53.4,-51.6,76.4,76.6,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-51.8,-51.6,76.6,77.2,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-51.8,-49.0,77.2,77.4,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-50.6,-48.2,79.6,79.8,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-49.2,-49.0,76.2,77.2,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-49.2,-46.4,76.0,76.2,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-48.2,-43.2,79.4,79.6,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-46.6,-46.4,76.2,77.2,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-46.6,-43.8,77.2,77.4,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-44.0,-43.8,73.8,77.2,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-44.0,-42.2,73.6,73.8,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-43.4,-43.2,79.6,83.0,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-43.4,-40.2,83.0,83.2,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-42.4,-42.2,73.8,77.2,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-42.4,-28.0,77.2,77.4,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-40.4,-40.2,79.6,83.0,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-40.4,-38.2,79.4,79.6,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-38.2,-34.6,79.6,79.8,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-34.6,-30.8,79.8,80.0,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-30.8,-28.0,80.0,80.2,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-28.0,-27.0,80.0,80.2,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-28.0,-24.4,77.2,77.4,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-27.0,-25.0,80.2,80.4,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-25.0,-23.0,80.4,80.6,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-24.6,-24.4,73.8,77.2,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-24.6,-22.8,73.6,73.8,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-23.0,-22.8,73.8,77.2,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-23.0,-22.8,77.4,77.6,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-23.0,-21.0,80.6,80.8,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-23.0,-0.8,77.2,77.4,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-21.0,-19.2,80.8,81.0,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-19.2,-17.8,81.0,81.2,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-17.8,-16.2,81.2,81.4,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-16.2,-14.8,81.4,81.6,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-14.8,-13.6,81.6,81.8,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-13.6,-12.2,81.8,82.0,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-12.2,-11.0,82.0,82.2,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
144 | B l a n c h a t
&OBST XB=-11.6,-11.4,80.4,80.8,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-11.6,-10.8,80.8,81.0,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-11.6,-10.4,80.2,80.4,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-11.0,-9.8,82.2,82.4,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-10.8,-9.4,81.0,81.2,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-10.4,-9.2,80.4,80.6,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-9.8,-8.8,82.4,82.6,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-9.4,-8.0,81.2,81.4,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-9.2,-8.0,80.6,80.8,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-8.8,-7.6,82.6,82.8,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-8.2,-6.8,81.4,81.6,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-8.0,-6.8,80.8,81.0,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-7.6,-6.6,82.8,83.0,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-6.8,-5.6,81.0,81.2,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-6.8,-5.4,81.6,81.8,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-6.6,-5.4,83.0,83.2,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-5.6,-4.4,81.2,81.4,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-5.4,-4.2,81.8,82.0,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-5.4,-4.2,83.2,83.4,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-4.4,-4.2,82.0,83.2,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-4.4,-3.2,81.4,81.6,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-3.2,-1.8,81.6,81.8,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-1.8,-0.8,81.8,82.0,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-1.0,-0.8,77.4,81.8,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
&OBST XB=-11.6,-11.6,80.0,80.2,4.6,8.2, COLOR='GRAY 60', SURF_ID='INERT'/ 2nd Story Walls
------------------------------ CABINET -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------&OBST XB=-9.3936,-7.8936,79.9,80.4,0.2,2.0, SURF_ID='BURNER'/ Cab 1
&OBST XB=-11.2526,-9.75265,79.6,80.1,0.2,2.0, SURF_ID='BURNER'/ Cab 2
---------------------------- HOLE ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------&HOLE XB=-8.8,-1.2,77.8,80.4,4.4,4.6/ Hole
&HOLE XB=-7.4,-1.2,80.4,80.6,4.4,4.6/ Hole
&HOLE XB=-6.2,-1.2,80.6,80.8,4.4,4.6/ Hole
&HOLE XB=-5.0,-1.2,80.8,81.0,4.4,4.6/ Hole
&HOLE XB=-3.8,-1.2,81.0,81.2,4.4,4.6/ Hole
&HOLE XB=-2.4,-1.2,81.2,81.4,4.4,4.6/ Hole
-------------------------- OUTSIDE -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------&VENT SURF_ID='OPEN', MB='ZMAX', COLOR='INVISIBLE'/ Vent
&VENT SURF_ID='OPEN', MB='XMIN'/ Vent02
&VENT SURF_ID='OPEN', MB='XMAX'/ Vent03
&VENT SURF_ID='OPEN', MB='YMIN'/ Vent04
&VENT SURF_ID='OPEN', MB='YMAX'/ Vent05
--------------------------- SLICE FILES -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------&SLCF QUANTITY='TEMPERATURE', PBY=79.0/
&SLCF QUANTITY='PRESSURE', PBY=79.0/
&SLCF QUANTITY='VISIBILITY', PBY=79.0/
&SLCF QUANTITY='TEMPERATURE', PBX=-41.7786/
&SLCF QUANTITY='VISIBILITY', PBX=-41.7786/
&SLCF QUANTITY='MASS FRACTION', SPEC_ID='OXYGEN', PBY=79.0/
------------------------------ END -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------&TAIL /
145 | B l a n c h a t
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