Energy Smart Residential Electric Water Heater

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Energy Smart®
Residential Electric
Water Heater
®
Installation Instructions
and Use & Care
Guide
To obtain technical, warranty, or service assistance during or
after the installation of this water heater, call toll free:
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1-877-817-6750
When calling for assistance, please have the following
information ready:
1. Model Number
2. 7 Digit Product Number
3. Serial Number
4. Date of Installation
5. Place of Purchase
Table Of Contents
PAGE
Water Heater Safety .......................................................................... 2
Installing Your Electric Water Heater ................................................ 3-8
Unpacking Instructions ................................................................ 3
Location Requirements ................................................................ 4
Water System Piping
............................................................... 5
Electrical Requirements ................................................................. 7
Installation Checklist ................................................................... 8
Operating Your Water Heater ......................................................... 9-11
Water Heater Start-Up ................................................................. 9
Water Temperature Regulation .................................................... 9
Operating the Temperature Control System ............................... 10
Operational Conditions ..................................................................... 11
Maintenance of Your Water Heater .............................................. 12-13
Diagnostic Code and Trouble Shooting Chart ................................... 14
Repair Parts Illustration ..................................................................... 15
6510306
October 2003
Your safety and the safety of others are very important.
We have provided many important safety messages in this manual and on your appliance. Always read and obey all
safety messages.
This is the safety alert symbol.
This symbol alerts you to potential hazards that can kill or hurt you and others.
All safety messages will follow the safety alert symbol and either the word “DANGER” or
“WARNING.” These words mean:
You can be killed or seriously injured if you don't
immediately follow instructions.
You can be killed or seriously injured if you don't
follow instructions.
All safety messages will tell you what the potential hazard is, tell you how to reduce the chance of injury, and tell you
what can happen if the instructions are not followed.
Important Safety Instructions
CAUTION: Hydrogen gas is produced in a hot water system served by this heater that has not been used for a long
period of time (2 weeks or more). Hydrogen is extremely flammable. To reduce the risk of injury under these
conditions, it is recommended that the hot water faucet be opened for several minutes at the kitchen sink before using
any electrical appliance connected to the hot water system. When hydrogen is present, there will be an unusual
sound such as air escaping through the pipe as the water begins to flow. There should be no smoking or open flame
near the faucet at the time it is open.
The California Safe Drinking Water and Toxic Enforcement Act requires the Governor of California to publish a list of
substances known to the State of California to cause cancer, birth defects, or other reproductive harm, and requires
businesses to warn of potential exposure to such substances.
Warning: This product contains a chemical known to the State of California to cause cancer, birth defects, or other
reproductive harm.
This appliance can cause low-level exposure to some of the substances listed, including formaldehyde.
2
INSTALLING YOUR WATER HEATER
Consumer Information
Unpacking the Water Heater
This water heater should be installed in accordance
with the local code authority having jurisdiction, the
power company or electric utility, and this installation
manual. In the absence of local code requirements,
follow the regulations set forth in the latest edition of the
National Electric Code, NFPA 70. This is available from
the following:
Removing Packaging Materials
National Fire Protection Agency
1 Batterymarch Park
Quincy, MA 02269
American National Standards Institute
1430 Broadway
New York, NY 10018
Check your phone listings for the local authorities
having jurisdiction over your installation.
Consumer Responsibilities
Important: Do not remove any permanent instructions,
labels, or the data label from outside of the water heater
or on the inside of panels.
!
Remove exterior packaging and place installation
components aside.
!
Do not remove the envelope bag containing the
water heater literature from the side of the water
heater.
Inspect all parts for damage prior to installation and
start-up.
!
!
Completely read all instructions before attempting
to assemble and install this product.
!
Replace this manual inside the envelope bag when
installation is complete.
!
After installation, dispose of packaging material in
the proper manner.
This manual has been prepared to acquaint you with
the installation, operation, and maintenance of your gas
water heater and provide important safety information in
these areas.
Read all of the instructions thoroughly before
attempting the installation or operation of this water
heater.
Do not discard this manual. You or future users of
this water heater will need it for future reference.
Service to this water heater should only be
performed by a qualified service technician.
Examples of qualified service technicians include:
those trained in the plumbing and heating industry,
local electrical utility personnel, or an authorized
service person.
The manufacturer and seller of this water heater will
not be liable for any damages, injuries, or deaths
caused by failure to comply with the installation
and operating instructions outlined in this manual.
If you lack the necessary skills required to properly
install this water heater or you have difficulty following
the instructions, you should not proceed but have a
qualified service technician perform the installation of
this water heater. Massachusetts code requires this
water heater to be installed in accordance with
Massachusetts Plumbing and Fuel Gas Code 248 CMR
section 2.00 and 5.00.
A data plate identifying your water heater can be found
adjacent to the element door. When referring to your
water heater always have the information listed on the
data plate readily available.
Retain your original receipt as proof of purchase.
3
Note: The water heater shall be located so it is not
subject to physical damage by moving vehicles or area
flooding.
Location Requirements
Site location
Select a location near the center of the water piping
system. It must be installed indoors and in a vertical
position on a level surface.
The water heater should be located in an area not
subject to freezing temperatures. Water heaters located
in unconditioned spaces (i.e., attics, basements, etc.)
may require the water piping and drain piping to be
insulated to protect against freezing. The drain and
controls must be easily accessible for operation and
service.
Do not use this water heater in conjunction with a spa
or hot tub.
Note: Local codes and requirements in your area may
require the water heater to be installed such that the
bottom element is elevated from the floor at least 18
inches.
Important: The water heater should be located in an
area where leakage of the tank or connections will not
result in damage to the area adjacent to the water
heater or to lower floors of the structure. Due to the
normal corrosive action of the water, the tank will
eventually leak after an extended period of time.
Also any external plumbing leak, including those
from improper installation, may cause early
failure of the water tank due to corrosion if not
repaired. If the homeowner is uncomfortable with
making the repair a qualified service technician
should be contacted. It is recommended that a
suitable drain pan be installed under the water heater
as shown below. This pan is to protect the property
from damage which may occur from normal
condensate formation on the tank or leaks in the tank
and pipe connections. The pan must limit the water
level to a maximum depth of 2-1/2 inches and be two
inches wider than the heater and piped to an
adequate drain. Locate the water heater near a
suitable indoor drain. Outdoor drains are subject to
freezing temperatures which can obstruct the drain
line. The piping should be at least 3/4”ID and pitched
for proper drainage.
Under no circumstance will the manufacturer or
seller of this water heater be held liable for any
water damage is caused by your failure to follow
these instructions.
2 1/2” Max
Pipe to
adequate
drain
At least 2” inches greater than
the diameter of the water
heater.
4
Figure 1
Residential Garage
Installation
Vehicle
Stop
Drain
Pan
Drain
State of California
Note: The water heater must be braced, anchored, or
strapped to avoid moving during an earthquake. Contact
local utilities for code requirements in your area or call
1-877-817-6750 and request instructions.
Water System Piping
Figure 2
Water Piping Installation
In a Closed System use a
Thermal Expansion Tank.
Piping Installation
Piping, fittings, and valves should be installed according
to the installation drawing (Figure 2). If the indoor
installation area is subject to freezing temperatures, the
water piping must be protected by insulation.
Water supply pressure should not exceed 80% of the
working pressure of the water heater. The working
pressure is stated on the water heater’s data plate. If
this occurs a pressure limiting valve with a bypass may
need to be installed in the cold water supply line. This
should be placed on the supply to the entire house in
order to maintain equal hot and cold water pressures.
Important: Heat cannot be applied to the water fittings
on the heater as they may contain nonmetallic parts. If
solder connections are used, solder the pipe to the
adapter before attaching the adapter to the hot and cold
water fittings.
Important: Always use a good grade of joint compound
and be certain that all fittings are drawn up tight.
1. Install the water piping and fittings as shown in
Figure 2. Connect the cold water supply (3/4 NPT)
to the fitting marked “C”. Connect the hot water
supply (3/4 NPT) to the fitting marked “H”.
Important: Some models may contain energy saving
heat traps to prevent the circulation of hot water within
the pipes. Do not remove these inserts.
2. The installation of unions in both the hot and cold
water supply lines is recommended for ease of
removing the water heater for service or
replacement.
3. The manufacturer of this water heater recommends
installing a tempering valve in the domestic hot
water line as shown in Figures 3 and 4. These
valves reduce the point-of-use temperature of the
hot water by mixing cold and hot water and are
readily available. Contact a licensed plumber or the
local plumbing authority.
Cold Water
Inlet Valve Cold Water
Supply to
Fixtures
Union
Main
Water
Supply
Temperature and
Pressure Relief Valve
Discharge line
6” maximum
above drain
Drain line
3/4” ID
minimum
1”
Min.
Massachusetts:
Install vacuum relief
in cold water line per
section 19 MGL 142.
Drain
Drain Pan
2-1/2” depth max.
Figure 3
Tempering Valve
Side Connection
Hot
Water Out
Follow the tempering
valve manufacturer’s
instructions
Tempered water
to fixtures
Tempering valve
set to 120° F max.
Cold Water In
Figure 4
Tempering Valve
Top Water Connections
Cold
Water
Inlet
Follow the
tempering valve
manufacturer’s
instructions
Hot
Water
Outlet
4. If installing the water heater in a closed water
system, install a relief valve or expansion tank in
the cold water line as specified under "Closed
System/Thermal Expansion".
5. Install a shut-off valve in the cold water inlet line. It
should be located close to the water heater and be
easily accessible. Know the location of this valve
and how to shut off the water to the heater.
6. Install a temperature and pressure relief valve and
discharge line in the opening marked "T & P
RELIEF VALVE". Install as specified under
"Temperature and Pressure Relief Valve.”
Pressure Reducing
Valve With Bypass
Hot Water
Outlet
Tempered
water to
fixtures
Tempering Valve
(Set to 120° F)
7. After piping has been properly connected to the
water heater, open the nearest hot water faucet and
allow the tank to completely fill with water. To purge
the lines of any excess air and sediment, keep the
hot water faucet open for 3 minutes after a constant
flow of water is obtained. Close the faucet and
check all connections for leaks.
5
Please note the following:
DO NOT install this water heater with iron piping.
The system should be installed only with new piping
that is suitable for potable (drinkable) water such as
copper, CPVC, or polybutylene. DO NOT use PVC
water piping.
Temperature and Pressure
Relief Valve
WARNING
DO NOT use any pumps, valves, or fittings that are
not compatible with potable water.
DO NOT use valves that may cause excessive
restriction to water flow. Use full flow ball or gate
valves only.
DO NOT use 50/50 tin-lead solder (or any lead
based solder) in potable water lines. Use 95/5 tinantimony or other equivalent material.
DO NOT tamper with the electronic control board,
temperature sensors, heating elements, electrical
connections, or temperature and pressure relief
valve. Tampering voids all warranties. Only qualified
service technicians should service these
components.
DO NOT use with piping that has been treated with
chromates, boiler seal, or other chemicals.
DO NOT add any chemicals to the system piping
which will contaminate the potable water supply.
Explosion Hazard
If the temperature and pressure relief
valve is dripping or leaking, have a
qualified service technician replace it.
• Do not plug valve.
• Do not remove valve.
Failure to follow these instructions can
result in death or explosion.
Figure 5
Temperature and Pressure
Relief Valve Installation
Optional location some
models only
Closed System/Thermal Expansion
Periodic discharge of the temperature and pressure
relief valve may be due to thermal expansion in a
closed water supply system. The water utility supply
meter may contain a check valve, backflow preventer,
or water pressure reducing valve. This will create a
closed water system. During the heating cycle of the
water heater, the water expands causing pressure
inside the water heater to increase. This may cause the
temperature and pressure relief valve to discharge
small quantities of hot water. To prevent this, it is
recommended that a diaphragm-type expansion tank
(suitable for potable water) be installed on the cold
water supply line. The expansion tank must have a
minimum capacity of 1.5 U.S. gallons for every 50
gallons of stored water. Contact the local water supplier
or plumbing inspector for information on other methods
to control this situation.
Do not plug or remove the temperature and
pressure relief valve.
6
Temperature and
Pressure Relief Valve
Discharge Line
3/4 inch min.
Do not cap or plug.
6 inch
maximum
Drain Pan
Drain
For protection against excessive pressures and
temperatures, a temperature and pressure relief valve
must be installed in the opening marked “T & P RELIEF
VALVE” (See Figure 5).
Caution: To reduce the risk of excessive pressures and
temperatures in this water heater, install temperature
and pressure relief protective equipment required by
local codes, but not less than a combination
temperature and pressure relief valve certified by a
nationally recognized testing laboratory that maintains
periodic inspection of the production of listed equipment
or materials, as meeting the requirements for Relief
Valves and Automatic Shutoff Devices for Hot Water
Supply Systems, ANSI Z21.22 -1986. This valve must
be marked with the maximum set pressure not to
exceed the marked maximum working pressure of the
water heater. Install the valve into an opening provided
and marked for this purpose in the water heater, and
orient it or provide tubing so that any discharge from the
valve exits only within 6 inches above, or at any
distance below, the structural floor, and does not
contact any live electrical part. The discharge opening
must not be blocked or reduced in size under any
circumstance.
Important: Only a new temperature and pressure relief
valve should be used with your water heater. Do not
use an old or existing valve as it may be damaged or
not adequate for the working pressure of the new water
heater. Do not place any valve between the relief valve
and the tank.
Electrical Requirements
WARNING
Electric Shock Hazard
Disconnect power before
servicing.
Replace all parts and panels
before operating.
Failure to do so can result in
death or electric shock.
The Temperature & Pressure Relief Valve:
!
!
!
Must be connected to an adequate discharge line.
Must not be in contact with any electrical part.
Must not be rated higher than the working pressure
shown on the data plate of the water heater.
WARNING
The Discharge Line:
!
!
Must terminate a maximum of 6 inches above a
floor drain or external to the building.
Must be capable of withstanding 250°F (121°C)
without distortion.
!
Must be installed to allow complete drainage of
both the valve and discharge line.
!
Must not be smaller than the pipe size of the relief
valve or have any reducing coupling installed in the
discharge line.
Must not be capped, blocked, plugged, or contain
any valve between the relief valve and the end of
the discharge line.
!
Solar Installation
If this water heater is used as a solar storage heater or
as a backup for the solar system, the water supply
temperatures to the water heater tank may be in excess
of 120°F. A tempering valve or other temperature
limiting valve must be installed in the water supply line
to limit the supply temperature to 120°F.
Note: Solar water heating systems can often supply
water with temperatures exceeding 180°F and may
result in water heater malfunction.
Fire Hazard
Use 10 gauge solid copper wire.
Use a UL approved strain relief.
Connect ground wire to green
ground screw.
Failure to do so can result in
death, fire, or electrical shock.
If you lack the necessary skills required to properly
install the electrical wiring to this water heater, do not
proceed, but have a qualified electrician perform the
installation.
When making the electrical connections, always make
sure:
! The electrical supply has the proper overload fuse
or circuit breaker protection.
! Wire sizes and connections comply with all
applicable codes.
!
Wiring is enclosed in approved conduit (if required
by local codes).
!
The water heater and electrical supply are properly
grounded.
Figure 6 and the wiring diagram can be found on the
next page. Always reference the wiring diagram for the
correct electrical connection. The wiring diagram can
also be found on the inside of the junction box cover.
When installing the electrical wiring to the water heater:
1. Shut off the power to the unit.
2. Be sure tank is completely filled with water before
making any electrical connections.
3. Remove junction box cover that is secured by 3
screws. Place the cover aside and view the wiring
diagram on the inside.
4. Connect the electrical supply to the water heater in
accordance with the local utility requirements and
codes. A standard 1/2 inch opening has been made
in the junction box for the conduit connections. Use
approved conduit with copper wires only or Romex.
7
5. Ground the water heater by connecting the
grounding wire from the electrical service ground to
the (green) ground screw located in the junction
box. Note: Only use 10 gauge wires for electrical
connections and a 30 ampere double pole breaker.
6. Connect the red and black wires to the incoming
power leads.
7. Replace cover and secure with screws.
Figure 6
Field Wiring
240V - 30A Service
Junction Box
Cover
Installation Checklist
Water Heater Location
!
!
!
!
!
!
Centrally located with the water piping system.
Located indoors and in a vertical position.
Protected from freezing temperatures.
Provisions made to protect the area from water
damage.
Drain pan installed and piped into an adequate
drain.
Sufficient clearance to service the water heater.
Water System Piping
!
!
!
!
!
Temperature and pressure relief valve properly
installed with a discharge line plumbed to an open
drain and protected from freezing.
All piping properly installed and free of leaks.
Water heater completely filled with water.
Closed system pressure buildup precautions
installed.
Tempering valve installed per manufacturer’s
instructions.
Electrical Connections
Wiring Diagram
240 Volts Only
8
!
Wiring and connections comply with all applicable
codes.
!
Water heater and electrical supply are properly
grounded.
Proper overload fuse or circuit breaker protection
installed.
!
OPERATING YOUR WATER HEATER
Water Heater Start-Up
1. Before operating the water heater, make sure the
water heater has been properly installed.
2. Completely fill the tank with water.
3. Carefully read and understand the section, "Water
Temperature Regulation", of this manual and adjust
the temperature control knob to the desired setting.
4. Read the section, “Operating Mode Descriptions”
on page 10 and select the desired operating mode.
5. After the tank is completely filled with water, turn on
power to the water heater. Note: The water heater
performs self-diagnostics that takes approximately
10 minutes. During this time, the elements may not
be energized. If a failure is detected, the Diagnostic
Light flashes the related failure code. See page 14
for “Diagnostic Code Chart.”
Important: Operation of this water heater without
access doors or insulation could result in much higher
water temperatures than the desired set point,
increasing the risk of scald injury. Do not operate
water heater with the access doors or insulation
removed.
Water Temperature
Regulation
WARNING
Water temperature over 125°F can cause
severe burns instantly or death from
scalds.
Children, disabled, and elderly are at
highest risk of being scalded.
See the instruction manual before setting
temperature at water heater.
Feel water before bathing or showering.
Temperature limiting valves are
recommended.
Access Doors
Important: Do not attempt to operate this water heater
if the temperature sensor(s), electronic control board, or
surrounding insulation has been exposed to water in
any way. Immediately call a qualified service technician
to inspect the water heater and replace any
temperature sensor(s), electronic control board, or
insulation that has been exposed to water. Do not
attempt to repair these parts. Water heaters subjected
to flood conditions or any time the temperature
sensor(s) or electronic control board have been
submerged in water require replacement of the entire
water heater.
The temperature control is adjusted to a setting of
120°F or lower when it is shipped from the factory.
Water temperature can be regulated by adjusting the
temperature control system to the preferred setting as
shown in "Operating the Temperature Control System."
The recommended starting point is 120°F. There is a
hot water scald potential if the temperature control
is set too high.
Important: Adjusting the temperature past 120°F on the
temperature control will increase the risk of scald injury.
Hot water can produce first degree burns within:
120°F (49°C) more than 5 minutes
130°F (54°C) at 20 seconds
140°F (60°C) at 3 seconds
150°F (66°C) at 1-1/2 seconds
160°F (71°C) at less than 1 second
Safety Shut-off
This water heater is equipped with a high limit control
switch that is designed to shut off the power to the
elements if the water temperature exceeds170°F
(77°C). Use the diagnostic control chart on page 14 to
help determine the cause of the high limit shut-off. After
the cause has been corrected, reset the control as
directed under “Reset Function” on page 10.
9
Operating the Temperature Control System
Figure 7
Temperature Control
System
Water Temperature Adjustment
The water temperature can be adjusted from 80°F to 150°F. Use the temperature control knob to change to the
desired temperature.
Operating Mode Descriptions
1. Smart Mode - The controller operates the water heater to maintain the customer’s selected temperature.
2. Energy Smart Mode - The controller adjusts the water temperature to lowest temperature required to meet the
household demands. This mode minimizes operating costs. The controller will not adjust temperature higher than
customer’s selected set point or lower than 115°F.
3. Low Temperature Mode - The controller limits the water temperature to 120°F or at the temperature selected
whichever is lower. See page 9 for more information on scalds.
4. Vacation/Cabin Mode - The controller adjusts the water temperature to approximately 50°F. This mode is
recommended when the water heater is not in use for a long period of time. This effectively turns the water heater
off and prevents the water from freezing.
Diagnostic Indicator Light Analysis
!
!
!
!
!
!
!
Light On - Indicates power applied and operating correctly.
Light Off - Indicates no power or a controller problem.
One Flash - Indicates the power was applied to water heater before the tank filled with water.
Two Flashes - Indicates the high limit temperature has been reached.
Three Flashes - Indicates a problem with the temperature sensors.
Four Flashes - Check upper element.
Five Flashes - Check lower element.
Reset Function
The reset function is used to restart the Temperature Control System after an error condition has been detected and
corrected.
Reset the control by pushing the red reset button on the controller. After a reset, the control performs self diagnostics
before normal operations begin. This takes approximately 10 minutes.
10
Operation Conditions
Water Heater Sounds
Anode Rod/Water Odor
During the normal operation of the water heater,
sounds or noises may be heard. These noises are
common and may result from the following:
1. Normal expansion and contraction of metal parts
during periods of heat-up and cool-down.
Each water heater contains at least one anode rod,
which will slowly deplete while protecting the glass-lined
tank from corrosion and prolonging the life of the water
heater. Certain water conditions will cause a reaction
between this rod and the water. Once the anode is
depleted, the tank will start to corrode, eventually
developing a leak.
The most common complaint associated with the anode
rod is a “rotten egg smell” produced from the presence
of hydrogen sulfide gas dissolved in the water. Do not
remove this rod permanently as it will void any
warranties, stated or implied.
The parts list includes a special anode that can be
ordered if water odor or discoloration occurs. This rod
may reduce but not eliminate water odor problems. The
water supply system may require special filtration
equipment from a water conditioning company to
successfully eliminate all water odor problems.
2. Sediment buildup in the tank bottom will create
varying amounts of noise and may cause
premature tank failure. Drain and flush the tank as
directed under “Draining and Flushing”.
Stacking
Stacking occurs when a series of short draws of hot
water (3 gallons or less) are taken from the water
heater tank. This causes increased cycling of the heater
elements and can result in increased water
temperatures at the hot water outlet. An anti-scald
device is recommended in the hot water supply line to
reduce the risk of scald injury.
Artificially softened water is exceedingly corrosive
because the process substitutes sodium ions for
magnesium and calcium ions. The use of a water
softener may decrease the life of the water heater tank.
The anode rod should be removed from the water
heater tank every 3 years for inspection. If the rod is
more than 50% depleted, the anode rod should be
replaced. (See “Replacing the Anode Rod” in the
maintenance section.)
11
MAINTENANCE OF YOUR WATER HEATER
If you lack the necessary skills required to properly service this water heater or you have difficulty following the
instructions, you should not proceed but have a qualified person perform the maintenance of this water heater.
Draining and Flushing
It is recommended that the tank be drained and flushed
every 6 months to remove sediment which may buildup
during operation. To drain the tank perform the following
steps:
1. Turn off the power to water heater.
2. Close the cold water inlet valve and open a nearby
hot water faucet.
3. Connect a hose to the drain valve and terminate it
to an adequate drain.
Important: Drain hose should be rated for at least
200°F. If the drain hose does not have this rating, open
the cold water inlet valve and open a nearby hot water
faucet until water is no longer hot.
4. Open the water heater drain valve and allow all the
water to drain from the tank. Flush the tank with
water as needed to remove sediment.
5. Close the drain valve and refill the tank until water
flows from the open hot water faucet. Allow water to
run for a couple of minutes to make sure all air is
out of tank.
6. Restart the water heater as directed under
“Operating Your Water Heater.” If the water heater
is going to be shut down for an extended period,
the drain valve should be left open.
Replacing the Anode Rod
1. Turn off the power to the water heater.
2. Shut off the water supply and open a nearby hot
water faucet to depressurize the water tank.
3. Drain approximately 5 gallons of water from the
tank. (Refer to “Draining and Flushing” for proper
procedures.) Close drain valve.
4. Remove old anode rod.
5. Use Teflon® tape or approved pipe sealant on
threads and install new anode rod.
6. Turn on water supply and open nearby hot water
faucet to purge air from water system.
7. Restart the water heater as directed under
“Operating Your Water Heater.” See the “Repair
Parts Illustration" for anode rod location on
page 15.
12
Temperature and Pressure
Relief Valve
WARNING
Explosion Hazard
If the temperature and pressure relief
valve is dripping or leaking, have a
qualified service technician replace it.
• Do not plug valve.
• Do not remove valve.
Failure to follow these instructions can
result in death or explosion.
Manually operate the temperature and pressure relief
valve at least once a year to make sure it is working
properly. To prevent water
Figure 8
damage, the valve must
Temperature and Pressure
be properly connected to
Relief Valve
Manual Relief
a discharge line which
Lever
terminates at an
adequate drain.
Standing clear of the
outlet (discharged water
may be hot), slowly lift
and release the lever
Discharge line to drain
handle on the
temperature and pressure relief valve to allow the
valve to operate freely and return to its closed position.
If the valve fails to completely reset and continues to
release water, immediately shut off the electrical power
and the cold water inlet valve and call a qualified
service technician.
Figure 10
Element and Temperature
Sensor
Heating Element
Replacement
Temperature Sensor
Sensor
Bracket
Screw-in
Element
WARNING
Electrical Shock Hazard
Disconnect power before
servicing.
Replace all parts and panels
before operating.
Failure to do so can result
in death or electrical shock.
Replacement heating elements must be of the same
style and voltage/wattage rating as the ones presently
in the water heater. This information can be found on
the flange or terminal block of the element or on the
water heater data plate.
1. Shut off the electric power to the water heater.
2. Drain the water heater as directed under "Draining
and Flushing".
3. Remove the access door(s), insulation and element
cover(s).
4. Disconnect the electric wires from the heating
element (Figure 9). Remove the screw-in elements
by turning the element counterclockwise with an
1-½ inch socket wrench. Remove the existing
gasket.
Spud
Gasket
7. Close the drain valve. Open the nearest hot water
faucet and allow the tank to fill completely with
water. To purge the lines of any excess air and
sediment, keep the hot water faucet open for 3
minutes after a constant flow of water is obtained.
8. Check for leaks around the element(s).
9. Connect the electric wires to the heater element.
Make sure all wires are secure.
10. Replace the insulation and access door(s).
Important: Operation of this water heater without
access doors or insulation could result in much higher
temperatures than the desired set point, increasing the
risk of scald injury. Do not operate water heater with the
access doors or insulation removed.
11. Make certain the tank is filled with water.
12. Restore the electric power supply to the water
heater.
Figure 9
Element Wiring
Connection
Wires
Ground
Wire (green)
Element
Screws
5. Clean the area where the gasket fits to the tank. If
you are replacing the bottom element, remove the
accumulated sediment on the bottom of the tank.
Refer to “Draining and Flushing.”
6. Make sure the replacement element has the correct
voltage and wattage rating. Position the new gasket
on the element and insert it into the water heater
tank (Figure 10). Tighten the element by turning it
clockwise until secure.
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Diagnostic Code Chart
DIAGNOSTIC LIGHT
CORRECTIVE ACTION*
INDICATES
LIGHT ON
Normal operation
None
NO LIGHT
No power to control board or diagnostic
light burned out
1. Check for blown fuses or tripped breaker
2. Check power leads on control board with meter for 240 volts
3. If power is okay, replace control board
1 FLASH
Power on with no water in tank
1. Add water and reset temperature control system. See “Reset
Function” on page 10
2 FLASHES
Water temperature exceeded high limit
1. Make sure upper and lower access doors and insulation are
properly in place
2. Check element circuits for resistance of 5 - 25 ohms
3. Replace element if necessary and reset control system
3 FLASHES
Sensor failure
1. Remove power
2. Check temperature sensor for open or shorted circuit
3. If no problem is found, replace sensors
4 FLASHES
Upper element circuit failure
1.
2.
3.
4.
Remove power
Check element circuit for resistance of 5 - 25 ohms
Check wires at element and board for damage
If this 4 flashes condition continues, replace control board
5 FLASHES
Lower element circuit failure
1.
2.
3.
4.
Remove power
Check element circuit for resistance of 5 - 25 ohms
Check wires at element and board for damage
If this 5 flashes condition continues, replace control board
*These instructions are brief and intended as guidance for a qualified service technician. If you lack the necessary
skills to perform these procedures call 1-877-817-6750 for assistance.
Troubleshooting Chart
PROBLEM
CORRECTIVE ACTION
NO HOT WATER
1. No power to heater
2. High temperature limit shut-down
3. Defective sensor
1. Refer to “No Light” of Diagnostic Code Chart
2. Refer to “2 Flashes” of Diagnostic Code Chart
3. Refer to “3 Flashes” of Diagnostic Code Chart
INSUFFICIENT HOT WATER
1. Defective lower element
2. Temperature set too low
3. Sediment or lime in tank
4. Defective Dip Tube
5. Heater too small for job
6. Wrong piping connections
7. Leaking faucets
8. Wasted hot water
9. Long runs of exposed pipe
10. Hot water piping on outside wall
1. Temperature set too high
2. Sediment or lime in tank
3. Heater too small for job
4. Leaking faucets
5. Wasted hot water
6. Long runs of exposed piping
7. Hot water piping in exposed wall
1. Refer to “5 Flashes” of Diagnostic Code Chart
2. Set temperature to desired setting
3. Drain. Determine if water treatment is needed
4. Replace Dip Tube
5. Check and Install adequate water heater
6. Correct piping
7. Repair faucets
8. Advise customer
9. Insulate piping
10. Insulate piping
1. Lower temperature control or change to Energy Saver Mode
2. Drain. Flush-Provide water treatment if needed
3. Install adequate heater
4. Repair faucets
5. Advise customer
6. Insulate piping
7. Insulate piping
SLOW HOT WATER RECOVERY
1. Upper element defective
2. Leaking faucets
1. Refer to “4 Flashes” of Diagnostic Code Chart
2. Repair faucets
DRIP FROM T&P VALVE
1. Excessive water pressure
2. Closed system
3. Defective T & P valve
1. Use pressure reducing valve and pressure relief valve (See page
6)
2. See page 6, “Closed System/Thermal Expansion”
3. Replace T & P valve
1. Sulfides in the water
1. See page 11, “Water Odor”
HIGH OPERATION COSTS
WATER ODOR
14
POSSIBLE CAUSE(S)
REPAIR PARTS ILLUSTRATION
ALTERNATE
T&P
LOCATION
8
12
7
9
12
10
11
9
14
8
6
5
3
2
1
6
4
3
1
2
13
ITEM
No.
Repair Parts
Repair parts may be ordered through your plumber,
local distributor, home improvement center, or by calling
1-877-817-6750. When ordering repair parts always
give the following information:
1. Model, serial and product number
2. Item number
3. Parts description
Repair Parts List
Legend
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
PARTS DESCRIPTION
ACCESS DOORS
INSULATION PLUG
ELEMENT COVERS
LOWER ELEMENT
UPPER ELEMENT
ELEMENT GASKET
TEMPERATURE SENSOR
TEMPERATURE AND PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE
HEAT TRAPS
DIP TUBE
ANODE ROD
NIPPLE
DRAIN VALVE
JUNCTION BOX
Special anode rod (See page 11)
Temperature and Pressure Relief Valve is required, but may not
be factory installed.
Specify element type when ordering
© 2003 American Water Heater Company. All Rights Reserved. ® Registered trademark/TM Trademark of Whirlpool, U.S.A Printed in the U.S.A.
ENERGY SMART is a trademark of American Water Heater Company used under license.
15