5nine Manager
Datacenter
Version 2.1
Getting Started Guide
January 2018
Contents
Introduction .................................................................................................................................. 2
Summary ................................................................................................................................... 2
System Architecture .............................................................................................................. 2
Plugins ....................................................................................................................................... 3
Deployment and Configuration............................................................................................... 4
System requirements ............................................................................................................ 4
5nine Manager Datacenter Server ................................................................................ 4
5nine Manager Datacenter Console ............................................................................ 5
5nine Manager Datacenter Host Agent....................................................................... 5
Licensing ................................................................................................................................... 6
Installation .................................................................................................................................7
Management Service Setup ............................................................................................ 8
Console setup .................................................................................................................... 13
Host Agent setup .............................................................................................................. 16
Login to Console ................................................................................................................... 19
First run – Quick Start .........................................................................................................20
Adding Hyper-V Servers ..................................................................................................... 21
Manage users, tenants and roles ..................................................................................... 24
Tenants ............................................................................................................................... 24
Users ................................................................................................................................... 27
Roles ....................................................................................................................................29
Configuring Datastore ......................................................................................................... 30
Local Filesystem ............................................................................................................... 33
Network Share .................................................................................................................. 33
Cluster Shared Volume .................................................................................................. 34
User Interface ............................................................................................................................ 37
Hyper-V Management ............................................................................................................. 39
Host settings .......................................................................................................................... 39
Replication section ............................................................................................................... 40
Guest Console Remote section......................................................................................... 41
Category section .................................................................................................................. 42
Apply to other hosts section ............................................................................................. 42
Configuring Virtual Switches ............................................................................................. 43
Operations with VMs ........................................................................................................... 44
Customize VM List View ................................................................................................ 44
Create VM .......................................................................................................................... 45
Edit VM settings................................................................................................................ 54
Standard Operations ....................................................................................................... 54
Adding and removing VM to/from cluster .................................................................55
Import VM ...........................................................................................................................55
Export VM........................................................................................................................... 58
Clone VM ............................................................................................................................59
Shared Nothing VM Migration ......................................................................................60
Live and quick VM migration ........................................................................................62
Guest Console Connection ........................................................................................... 63
Hyper-V Replication ............................................................................................................. 64
Prerequisites ..................................................................................................................... 64
Host Replication Settings...............................................................................................65
Start VM Replication ........................................................................................................66
Hyper-V Monitoring .................................................................................................................. 70
Datacenter monitoring ........................................................................................................ 70
Cluster Monitoring................................................................................................................. 71
Host Monitoring .................................................................................................................... 72
VM Monitoring ....................................................................................................................... 74
Alerts and Alert Settings..................................................................................................... 76
Resource alerts ................................................................................................................. 76
Event alerts ........................................................................................................................ 77
Optimizer ................................................................................................................................ 78
Hyper-V Backup and Restore................................................................................................. 81
Backup job templates ......................................................................................................... 83
Restore ....................................................................................................................................92
SDN Management ....................................................................................................................95
Logical view grouping ............................................................................................................. 98
Support information ............................................................................................................... 102
Uninstalling 5nine Manager ................................................................................................. 103
Introduction
Summary
5nine Manager Datacenter is a solution designed to help organizations efficiently manage
Microsoft Hyper-V private and hybrid clouds. It provides multi-tenancy and role-based access
control providing fine-grained control over virtualization hosts, networking and other resources to
create and deploy Hyper-V virtual machines. The product has the following features:
Easy-to-use and intuitive design for new or experienced Hyper-V admins.
Hyper-V management in different Windows Server versions - 2016 / 2012 R2 / 2012 - from a
single console.
Centralized monitoring for Hyper-V hosts and all virtualized resources.
Software defined network management and deployment.
Backup and DR capabilities for virtual machines.
System Architecture
5nine Manager Datacenter is a modular solution that lets you build a scalable infrastructure for
environments of different sizes and configuration. The installation package of 5nine Manager
Datacenter includes a set of components:
Management Server – Windows service that coordinates all operations performed by 5nine
Manager Datacenter.
Management Database – is used by management server to store data about the Hyper-V
infrastructure, jobs, users and so on. The database instance can be located on a SQL Server
installed either locally (on the same machine where the management server is running) or
remotely.
Management Console – provides the application user interface and allows user access to all
features.
Host Agent – responsible for performing all commands from management server on a Hyper-V
host. This component must be installed on every Hyper-V server managed by 5nine Manager
Datacenter.
Multi-protocol open source messaging broker (59MgmtSvcRmq) –open source message broker
software that implements the Advanced Message Queuing Protocol (AMQP). The
59MgmtSvcRmq service is written in the Erlang programming language and is built on the Open
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Telecom Platform framework for clustering and failover.
You can co-install all components on the same machine, physical or virtual, or you can set them
up separately for a more scalable approach. Advanced Message Queuing Protocol (AMQP) is
used as a message-oriented middleware for the communication between management server
and host agents. HTTPS protocol is used for the communication between console and
management server
Figure 1 - 5nine Manager Datacenter Architecture
Plugins
System consists of the following plugins.
•
Hyper-V Management.
•
Hyper-V Monitoring.
•
Administration.
•
Hyper-V Backup and DR.
•
Software defined network (SDN) management.
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Deployment and Configuration
System requirements
5nine Manager Datacenter Server
Component
Requirement
Hardware
CPU: modern x64 processor 4 cores minimum
Memory: 8 GB RAM minimum, 16 GB RAM recommended
Hard Disk Space: 300 MB for product installation and sufficient disk space
for Microsoft SQL Server and 5nine Manager database
OS
Software
Database
Only 64-bit versions of the following operating systems are supported:
•
Microsoft Windows Server 2016
•
Microsoft Windows 10
•
Microsoft Windows 8.1
•
Microsoft Windows 8
•
Microsoft Windows Server 2012 R2
•
Microsoft Windows Server 2012
•
Microsoft .NET Framework 4.6.2 or later
•
Microsoft Visual С++ 2015 Redistributable Update 3
Microsoft SQL Server (Full and Express):
•
Microsoft SQL Server 2016
•
Microsoft SQL Server 2014
•
Microsoft SQL Server 2012
For production deployment of 5nine Manager Datacenter Server, it is
recommended to use Microsoft SQL Server Standard Edition or higher.
Ports
5671 for Messaging Broker communication – can be changed during setup
16080 for communication to Management Console
Internet
Internet connection is necessary for license activation
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5nine Manager Datacenter Console
Component
Requirement
Hardware
CPU: modern x64 processor 2 cores minimum.
Memory: 2 GB RAM recommended.
Hard Disk Space: 200 MB for product installation
OS
Software
Ports
Only 64-bit versions of the following operating systems are supported:
•
Microsoft Windows Server 2016
•
Microsoft Windows 10
•
Microsoft Windows 8.1
•
Microsoft Windows 8
•
Microsoft Windows Server 2012 R2
•
Microsoft Windows Server 2012
•
Microsoft Windows 7 SP1
•
Microsoft Windows Server 2008 R2 SP1
•
Microsoft Windows Server 2008 SP2
•
Microsoft .NET Framework 4.6.2 or later
•
Microsoft Visual С++ 2015 Redistributable Update 3
16080 – communication to Management Server
5nine Manager Datacenter Host Agent
Component Requirement
Hardware
CPU: modern x64 processor 4 cores minimum
Memory: 8 GB RAM minimum, 16 GB RAM recommended
Hard Disk Space: 300 MB for product installation
OS
Only 64-bit versions of the following operating systems are supported:
•
Microsoft Windows Server 2016
•
Microsoft Windows 10
•
Microsoft Windows 8.1
•
Microsoft Windows 8
•
Microsoft Windows Server 2012 R2
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Component Requirement
Software
Ports
•
Microsoft Windows Server 2012
•
Microsoft .NET Framework 4.6.2 or later
•
Microsoft Visual С++ 2015 Redistributable Update 3
5671 for Messaging Broker communication – can be changed during setup
Licensing
5nine Manager Datacenter is licensed per-core only. Minimal license set for a Hyper-V host is 16 cores.
5nine offers the following types of licenses for 5nine Manager Datacenter:
“Paid subscription license” –a full license that expires at the end of the subscription term. The
subscription license term is normally 1-3 years from the date of license issue.
“Trial license” – a full license that can be used for product evaluation. The trial license is valid for
14 days from the moment of product download and contains 100 core limit.
“NFR license” — a full license that can be used for product demonstration, training and education.
The person to whom the license is provided agrees that the license is not for resell or
commercial use.
License file is requested during Management server installation. Then information about the license is
available in About tab, available in every plugin.
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Installation
5nine Manager Datacenter installation package represented in two options:
-
Separate bootstrap application, including 5nine Manager Datacenter components and
links to documentation and online virtual labs to test pre-configured product.
-
Setup package in ISO format, including 5nine Manager Datacenter components both in
bootstrap application and separate Windows Installation Package (.msi) files and with
prerequisites – Microsoft SQL Express and .NET 4.6.2.
To install 5nine Manager Datacenter, using bootstrap application, run the 5nine.Installer.exe
application from the downloaded 5nine Manager Datacenter archive (or from ISO setup
package):
Please Note - All 3 components can be installed from this bootstrap setup, but it must be run
locally on each machine.
To install 5nine Manager Datacenter from ISO, using either separate msi files or similar bootstrap
application, mount the 5nine Manager Datacenter iso installation file and run the corresponding
msi file from its subfolders (Management, Console and Agent) or setup.exe bootstrap application.
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It is generally not necessary to install Host Agent component from bootstrap setup or a separate
msi file. It can be installed automatically from the 5nine Manager console when adding servers.
Management Service Setup
1)
To run Management Service Setup, select the first component in the bootstrap setup list and
press Install button or run ManagementService.Setup.msi from the Management setup ISO
folder. The following window will be shown. Some steps will differ when installing this
component from ISO. Press Next.
2) The 5nine Software EULA will appear. Read and accept it, then press Next:
Please Note - When installing this component from ISO, the prerequisites check will be done in
the background and the setup will install the corresponding missing Microsoft components in
“silent” mode.
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3) Select the plugins you want to use and press Next.
4) Select the destination folder for 5nine Manager Datacenter Management Service and press
Next:
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5) Provide user credentials for the user that will run Management Service and press Next.
6) Select database server and set authentication method:
• Windows Authentication –can be selected if the user has been granted the necessary
permissions on the selected SQL Server;
•
SQL authentication – use specific SQL Server account (sa) that is set during SQL Server
setup and enter its password.
Press Next.
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7) Specify job messaging queuing (broker) configuration parameters and press Next.
8) Provide administrator’s credentials to connect to management console.
The default user is admin with a default password of admin for the administrator’s user/password.
It is strongly recommended that alternate credentials be set.
Press Next.
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9) Press Install to start installation.
10) Click Finish when installation is complete:
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Console setup
1)
To run Console Setup select the second component in the bootstrap setup list and press
Install button or run Console.Setup.msi from the Console setup ISO folder. The following
window will be shown. Press Next.
2) The 5nine Software End User License Agreement will appear. Read and accept it, then
press Next:
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3) Select the plugins you want to use and press Next.
4) Select the destination folder for 5nine Manager Datacenter and set the following program
options (select or deselect depending on your preferences):
Automatically run 5nine Manager when system starts;
Launch application after installation;
Create shortcut in program menu;
Create shortcut on desktop.
Press Next:
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5) Select the install button to install the management console.
6) Click Finish when installation is complete:
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Host Agent setup
The host agent is installed automatically on a Hyper-V server when it is added to the objects tree
in management console. If there are any specific conditions or issues, you can also install it
manually by selecting the third option in 5nine Manager Datacenter bootstrap setup or running
AgentService.Setup.msi from the Agent setup ISO folder.
1)
The following window will be shown. Press Next.
2) The 5nine Software End User License Agreement will appear. Read and accept it, then
press Next:
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3) Select the destination folder for 5nine Manager Datacenter Agent and press Next:
4) The following dialog is different compared to the console setup:
Please Note - You will have to provide the same messaging broker configuration parameters
that were used in Management service setup. Specifically, this applies to the address of the
messaging broker – it must be entered exactly in the same way as it had been specified during
management service setup, including letter case as this parameter is case-sensitive! Otherwise
the communication between agent and management service will not work. Then specify
credentials to start agent service under and press OK.
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5) Press Install to start installation.
6) Click Finish when installation is complete:
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Login to Console
After management console is started, you need to enter credentials.
On the first console start you need to enter credentials that you entered upon management
server setup. At a later point, you will be able to add other users and/or change the default
credentials.
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First run – Quick Start
1)
On the first console start you will be asked to install the license and prompted to add
Hyper-V servers:
2) Click the “Install license” link and choose the license txt file that should be acquired along
with the installation package – either the trial license that 5nine server will send at the
first trial download or a commercial license that should be purchased. More information
about the licensing and how to install the license at a later point you will find in the ‘
Licensing’ section below.
To open the Add Servers wizard to add Hyper-V hosts or clusters, click the “Add Servers” link.
The adding servers process is described in the next section.
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Adding Hyper-V Servers
1)
To start managing your virtual infrastructure, you must configure connections to Microsoft
Hyper-V virtual management servers. You can connect the following types of servers:
•
Standalone Hyper-V host;
•
Hyper-V cluster.
2) For the initial launch the object tree will be empty. Adding new servers is implemented via
Add Servers wizard. If no servers are added Add Servers wizard will start automatically
when console starts with administrator’s privileges. To start wizard press Add Servers
button in the toolbar.
3) After Add Servers wizard start you need specify credentials for discovery.
1)
Then select discovery types and provide discovery data.
Please Note - New servers can be added in 3 ways:
•
Manually typing the addresses of servers separated by commas. You may use host
name, FQDN or IP address.
•
Active Directory – to search for available hosts or clusters using AD discovery.
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•
IP Range – to search for available hosts or clusters using IP discovery.
Please Note - AD and IP discovery can take quite significant time depending on your AD and
network structure and performance. Once the discovery process completes, you will get the full
list of servers that can be managed by 5nine Manager Datacenter. Only those servers that
match system requirements are selected automatically. Any inconsistency is shown in the list by
icons.
2) Select servers that you need to manage and press Next.
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3) Host agents will be installed automatically on the servers that you selected on the
previous step.
When agents are installed servers will appear in the console objects tree automatically.
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Manage users, tenants and roles
5nine Manager Datacenter supports multi-tenant environments when users can have granular
permissions and roles to access Hyper-V infrastructure. It is a very convenient instrument for
enterprise and service provider organizations. For example, a tenant can represent a department
in a big company or a corporate client for a service provider.
To use role-based access control capabilities (RBAC) or features you will need to set tenants,
users and roles as a part of system configuration process.
•
Credentials for system administrator are set in management console setup.
•
Tenants, users and roles can be set in Administration plugin under these credentials.
Tenants
1)
To create a tenant, go to Tenants tab and press Create tenant button and start Tenant
wizard.
2) Define tenant name and description. Tenant is created enabled by default. If you do not
need that tenant users can access system uncheck the Enabled checkbox.
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3) Define tenant administrators. They can be selected from the existing users list or a new
one can be created.
4) Associate objects with tenant. An object can be associated with single tenant only.
Tenant administrators have full access to all objects belonging to a tenant.
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5) Check summary information and if everything is correct press Finish button to create a
tenant.
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Users
1)
To create a user go to Users tab, press Create user button and start User wizard.
2) Define user type and set credentials. User is created enabled by default. If you do not
need that user can access system uncheck the Enabled checkbox.
3) Define user resources and roles. By default there are 3 roles in the system: Full Access,
Read-Only and Basic. But you can define your own roles. Tenant user can have access
only to the objects that are associated with the tenant.
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4) Check summary information and if everything is correct press Finish button to create a
new user.
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Roles
Roles as usually combine granular permissions into the named groups for user convenience.
To create a role, go to Roles tab, press Create role button and define role name and description.
After that select role and press Edit button to define a set of permissions for the role.
There is a set of granular permissions for every object type.
•
Cluster.
•
Host.
•
Virtual machine.
•
Host.
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Configuring Datastore
Datastore is an internal 5nine Manager Datacenter entity necessary to organize and provide
storage management for objects of different types: virtual machines, ISO, templates and backup
files. 5nine Manager Datacenter datastore objects are split into categories and types. Categories
reflect storage object types – Virtual Machine, ISO library, Template Library and Backup Storage.
It is not possible to use the storage with the category that does not match object type to avoid
confusing or mixing files of different types in the same folder on the storage disk. This makes the
Datastore ordered and easier to use. Storage types reflect physical location types where files are
stored: Cluster Shared Volume, SMB and local disk. Access to these different locations is
provided in different ways, which requires different approaches from the 5nine Manager
Datacenter side as well.
1)
Datastore can be added via Create Datastore wizard.
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2) Define datastore name and description.
3) Enabled the “Shared” option to allow this storage to be visible/available for all tenants.
Otherwise only global users will be able to see it (in accordance with permissions as well).
5nine Manager supports 3 types of storages:
•
“Local” – specific for a host. Typically used for simple scenarios where virtual disks are
placed directly on local machine.
•
“Network share” – can be used by multiple hosts. This type of storage allows to store
virtual disks in a CIFS/SMB file server share.
•
“Cluster Shared Volume” – allows all cluster nodes work with the same storage.
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4) Choose content type:
Please Note - Datastore locations will be split by content to avoid disorder. Only matching
locations will be available for selection to each content type. Depending on a storage type
selected next steps will differ.
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Local Filesystem
For local storage select Hyper-V host where storage will be placed.
Network Share
For network storage define the list of hosts that can have access to this storage.
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Cluster Shared Volume
1)
For CSV select a cluster from the list.
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2) Provide path to the storage in UNC format. For local filesystem and CSV types browse
button is available to select the required folder instead of typing it in manually.
Please Note - After storage is created you can navigate through the storage contents. Also, for
your convenience, there is an ability to perform operations on physical folders on the disk
directly from 5nine Manager Datacenter user interface – create, delete, rename and copy/move
actions are available just like in standard file explorer.
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User Interface
The user interface of 5nine Manager Datacenter is designed to let you quickly find commands
that you need and perform necessary Hyper-V Management and other tasks.
There are the following main parts of user interface:
•
Navigation pane
Navigation pane consists of 2 parts: objects tree and plugin selector. You need to select
necessary plugin and then work with the tree to select an object.
•
Ribbons and tabs
Operation commands are organized into logical groups and collected under tabs on the ribbon.
The ribbon is displayed at the top of the main application window. Commands for operations with
items are also available in the context menu.
•
Data area
Data area shows text or graphical information about object selected in the objects tree.
•
Status bar
Status bar shows management server status, user name under which console is started and
general information about the jobs. To see the Jobs dialog with the detailed jobs information
press Jobs link in the status bar.
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The list of jobs can be filtered out and you can stop, delete or view details for a selected job. Job
details contains PowerShell script which implementation is like job command.
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Hyper-V Management
Host settings
To access host settings, select a host in the objects tree and press Host settings button in the
toolbar.
Please Note - You can define default storage for machines and disks, NUMA Spanning and
enhanced session mode policy. The “Shared Resource” option determines whether this host is
available for all tenants or just on the global level. These settings can be applied to multiple
hosts on Apply to other hosts step.
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Replication section
This area allows end user to configure replication settings for standalone hosts or a replica
broker for a cluster.
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Guest Console Remote section
In the Guest Console Remote section set your Remote Desktop
Gateway (RDG) server parameters.
1)
Press the Deploy/Configure RD Gateway Server button to configure the RDG
connection:
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Category section
In the Category section specify category and group to display the host in the logical view:
Apply to other hosts section
In the Apply to other hosts section configure if settings should be applied to other Hyper-V
servers.
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Configuring Virtual Switches
Virtual switch management is implemented in the Virtual Switches tab. You can create, edit and
delete virtual switches for all managed Hyper-V hosts.
1)
To create a new virtual switch, select a host in the tree and press Create VMSwitch button in
the toolbar.
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2) Define name and description and select its type:
External. In this type of virtual switch, one of the physical NICs installed on the host is used to
connect the VMs to the network.
Internal. In this type of virtual switch, neither of the physical NICs of the host is supposed to be
used for VMs that will be using this connection.
Private. In this type of virtual switch, neither of the physical NICs of the host is supposed to be
used for VMs that will be using this connection, nor the VLANs could be set for it.
The “Shared” option determines whether this virtual switch is available for all tenants or just on
the global level. VLAN traffic identification can be set for external and internal switches.
3) Press Finish to create virtual switch.
Operations with VMs
Customize VM List View
The following options are available to configure the view of the Hyper-V Management tab and
displaying virtual machines:
Search by name;
Sorting by column;
Group by column;
Choose columns to show;
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Auto arrange (best fit);
Filter.
To customize view press left mouse button at the column heading.
Create VM
1)
To create a VM select Hyper-V host and press Create VM button in the toolbar.
Select the source – either the new blank VM wizard with default settings or use a template.
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2) Specify VM identity.
3) Define category and group to display VM in the logical view.
4) Define basic virtual CPU parameters.
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5) (Optional) If necessary, define NUMA parameters.
6) Specify amount of memory and dynamic memory options.
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7) Add virtual disks to a VM.
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8) Optional - If necessary provide QoS options disks.
9) Define network configuration for this VM.
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10) If necessary, enable hardware acceleration options.
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11) Define advanced network parameters
.
12) Configure SDN network if applicable.
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13) Add fiber channel adapter if applicable.
14) Specify OS installation options and automatic actions if necessary.
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15) Check summary information and if everything is correct press Finish button to create a VM.
16) You can check VM creation status and log in the Jobs dialog window.
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Edit VM settings
To edit VM settings select a VM and press Settings button in the toolbar.
Please Note - You will find all options that were present when creating the VM. Some options,
however, are not editable (like VM generation) or require the VM to be turned off to alter them.
Standard Operations
5nine Manager Datacenter supports standard operations with virtual machines (via toolbar or
context menu commands).
Start
• Turn off.
• Shut down.
Save
• Pause/Resume.
• Reset
Operations with checkpoints: Create, Delete, Apply, Revert, Rename.
• To view VM checkpoints select a VCM in the objects tree and switch to Checkpoints tab.
• Rename.
• Delete.
• Connect via guest console.
Please Note - Prior to using VM guest console you need to set appropriate credentials for
Hyper-V host in the objects tree. Then to view VM guest console select a VM in the objects
tree and switch to Guest Console tab.
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Adding and removing VM to/from cluster
To remove a clustered VM from cluster, select the cluster in the 5nine Manager Datacenter object
tree, and then select the VM that you need to remove from cluster and right click on it. Select the
Remove from Cluster command.
If you want to add a non-clustered VM to a cluster, select the Add to Cluster command. Make
sure you have moved the VM configuration to the CSV prior to adding it to a cluster.
Import VM
1)
To import VM select host and press the Import VM button on main panel menu. The Import
VM wizard will be opened.
2) Select storage and define path in this storage that contains VM data.
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3)
4)
Select the VM data to import.
Select import type.
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5) If the 2nd or 3rd option were selected at the previous step, provide destination options for a
VM.
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Check summary information and if everything is correct press Finish button to start Import.
6)
Export VM
1)
To export VM select it and press the Export VM button in the toolbar. The Export VM dialog
will be opened.
2) Define storage and folder where you want the VM to be imported and press OK.
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Clone VM
To clone VM select it and press the Clone VM button in the toolbar. The Clone VM dialog will be
opened.
Provide number of clones, clone name patterns and storage parameters and press OK.
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Shared Nothing VM Migration
This operation allows moving VM with/without its storage or a VM storage only to another Hyper-V
host. This operation is available for non-HA VMs in both clustered and non-clustered
environments.
To move non-HA VM select it and press the Move VM button in the toolbar. The Move VM wizard
will be opened.
1)
You can move the virtual machine or move just the virtual machine’s storage here.
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2) Select destination host.
3) Specify move options.
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4) Select physical network that will be used for the operation.
5) Check summary information and if everything is correct press Finish to move a
VM/storage.
Live and quick VM migration
These operations apply to clustered VMs. To move the VM between nodes that joined into a
cluster, first select the cluster in the 5nine Manager Datacenter object tree, and then select the
VM that you need to move to another node and click the Move button in the toolbar.
•
Select either “Best possible node” so that the system will choose it
automatically or select the exact node you would like the VM to be moved
to.
•
Select migration type:
 Quick Migration. With this option, a virtual machine will be migrated to
another node as quickly as possible, but it will be switched to the
saved state during the operation. That means access to this virtual
machine will be temporarily lost until it returns to the running state on
the new node. This operation is applicable to virtual machines in any
state – active (running), paused, saved or off.
 Live Migration. With this option, a virtual machine will be migrated
without switching to the saved state and losing the access. This
operation is applicable to virtual machines that are in active (running)
state only.
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Press OK to start migration.
Guest Console Connection
If management console is on the same network as management server and Hyper-V hosts then
you need only set access credentials for every hosts in the objects tree.
Select a host and press Set credentials button in the toolbar.
Please note - If everything is configured select a VM and press Connect button in the toolbar.
Guest OS connection will be shown in Guest Console tab for a selected VM.
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Hyper-V Replication
Hyper-V Replica allows virtual machines running at a primary site to be efficiently replicated to
secondary location (Replica site) across a WAN link. Primary and Replica server must be Microsoft
Hyper-V 2012 as a minimum.
When replication is underway, changes in the primary virtual machines are transmitted over the
network periodically to the Replica virtual machines. The exact frequency varies depending on
how long a replication cycle takes to finish (depending in turn on the network throughput, among
other things), but generally, replication data is sent to the Replica server every 5 minutes in
Windows Server 2012. In Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows Server 2016, you can configure the
replication frequency, so that the changes are sent every 30 seconds, every 5 minutes, or every
15 minutes.
You can also access recovery points up to 24 hours old (previously, recovery points up to 15
hours old were available).
If the primary server should fail unexpectedly, perhaps because of a major hardware failure or a
natural disaster, you can bring up the Replica virtual machines to take over the workload—this is
“unplanned failover.” In unplanned failover, there is the possibility of data loss, since there was
no opportunity to copy over changes that might not have been replicated yet.
Prerequisites
To take advantage of the Hyper-V Replica, which is included as part of the Hyper-V server role,
the following pre-requisites must be met:
•
Hardware that supports the Hyper-V Role on Windows Server
•
Sufficient storage on both the Primary and Replica servers to host the files used by
virtualized workloads
•
Network connectivity between the locations hosting the Primary and Replica servers;
•
Properly configured firewall rules to permit replication between the Primary and Replica
sites
•
An X.509v3 certificate to support Mutual Authentication with certificates (if desired or
needed)
To start VM replications, select a VM and press Replicate button in the toolbar.
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Host Replication Settings
Replication settings is a part of Host Settings. You need to set replication settings if a Hyper-V
host is supposed to be used as a replica server.
There are the following settings:
•
Enable this computer as a Replica server – mark this option to set the current Hyper-V
host as a replica server
•
Authentication parameters:
o
“Use Kerberos (HTTP)” – this authentication option uses Kerberos authentication
protocol via HTTP port 80 (default).
o
“Use certificate-based Authentication (HTTPS)” – this authentication method uses
pre- installed certificate and works via HTTPS port 443 (default). Press the Select
Certificate button to choose pre-installed certificate on the current Hyper-V host
•
Authorization and storage parameters:
o
“Allow replication from any authenticated server”. Any Hyper-V host that is set as
a replica server in the environment will be allowed to send Replica files. Specify
the default location by typing or browsing to the folder to store Replica files.
o
“Allow replication from the specified servers”. Only specified Hyper-V hosts will be
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allowed to send Replica files. Click Add… to add the authorized server to the list:
o
“Default storage for Replica files on the current Hyper-V host”
Start VM Replication
1)
VM replication wizard will be shown. Select replica server where you want the VM replicated
from the list and press Next
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2) Define additional replication options:
•
Replication frequency
•
Recovery points
•
Schedule resynchronization
•
Initial replication options
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3) Press Finish to start VM replication. Once VM is replicated its replication health will be shown
in the Replication Health column in the list of VM and in VM details.
Please note - Status window with details about replication health is available:
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Please note - 5nine Manager Datacenter also allows administrators to perform replication
failover testing to ensure that everything will work as expected in the event of a disaster.
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Hyper-V Monitoring
5nine Manager Datacenter provides basic capabilities for cluster, host and VM monitoring. The
Datacenter view provides consolidated data for the entire environment.
Datacenter monitoring
Datacenter monitoring contains consolidated data for all managed objects – clusters, hosts and
virtual machines. It also displays datastore information and the list of latest alarms.
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Cluster Monitoring
Cluster monitoring has the following tabs containing information about cluster performance
indicators:
•
Summary
•
Disk
Please note - Summary contains consolidated data for the cluster, overall nodes health diagram,
overall VMs health diagram, cluster disks info and the list of latest alarms.
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Please Note - Disk tab shows detailed diagram for CSV volumes I/O and historical data.
Host Monitoring
Host monitoring has the following tabs containing information about host performance indicators:
•
Summary.
•
CPU.
•
Memory.
•
Network.
•
Disk.
Summary tab contains consolidated host information, VM states and health diagrams, host disks
information, CPU total usage (%), memory consumption (Mb), disk read/write speed (MB/sec) and
network in/out traffic (MB/sec) and the list of latest alarms.
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Please Note - CPU, Memory, Network and Disk tabs show more indicators and historical data for
the host.
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VM Monitoring
VM monitoring has the following tabs containing information about VM performance indicators:
•
Summary.
•
CPU.
•
Memory.
•
Network.
•
Disk.
Summary tab contains VM CPU total usage (%), memory consumption (Mb), disk read/write speed
(MB/sec) and network in/out traffic (MB/sec).
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Please Note - CPU, Memory, Network and Disk tabs show more indicators and historical data for
the VM.
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Alerts and Alert Settings
There are two kinds of alerts in 5nine Manager Datacenter: resource alerts and event alerts.
Resource alerts work for physical/virtual performance parameters – CPU, memory, network and
disk utilization; event alerts work for Microsoft Windows® clustering, HA, Hyper-V and security
native events.
Resource alerts
Each user can set thresholds for warning and critical alerting on all performance counters. To set
thresholds press Configure Resource Alerts button in monitoring plugin.
Please note - There are separate sections for host, VM and cluster counters. Values that are set
to “0” means they are disabled. Warning and Error thresholds values can be set to trigger alerts
when a value either falls below or above the setting.
The email server is to be defined by system administrator. Notifications will be sent to an email
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address specified for user.
Event alerts
Event alerts are configured to transfer native Microsoft events into 5nine Manager Datacenter
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monitoring plugin. Select checkbox for the desired events to enable alerting for that event.
Optimizer
Optimizer is an active part of 5nine Manager Datacenter Monitoring feature. It provides dynamic
optimization for Hyper-V servers’ VM load based on the configured parameters and each server’s
performance. Selected VMs will be dynamically migrated to a less loaded Hyper-V host (cluster
node) in accordance with the configured thresholds.
Please Note - Only cluster scenario is supported in the current implementation.
1)
To configure optimizer, click Configure Optimizer button on the main ribbon of the
Monitoring plugin screen:
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2) In the Optimization Groups dialog window, you can add, edit and remove optimization
groups.
3) To add the new group, click Add to open the Create Optimization Group wizard
4) Set the optimization group parameters: specify group name and choose the cluster:
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5) Set the resource thresholds for Hyper-V server’s CPU and Memory consumption:
6) Click Finish when complete.
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Hyper-V Backup and Restore
5nine Manager Datacenter Backup plugin performs the entire VM backup on-demand
immediately, with specified delay or by schedule. All backup jobs are started from job templates
initially created by user from backup wizard. Job templates are kept for further usage and the
new jobs can be launched from them manually at any time. Recurrent and deferred backup jobs
are launched automatically in accordance with the scheduled configured in their job templates.
There is an option to perform the offsite backup copy to Microsoft Azure cloud and restore from
it.
Please note - Backup plugin consists of two tabs: Backup and Archives. On the Backup tab there
are list of backup job templates and commands to work with them – create, delete, edit, start
(full, incremental, delayed). On the Archives tab there are list of backup jobs that are started, in
progress and completed (both successful and failed ones) and commands to work with them –
restore, delete, view job info.
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There are different backup job types:
•
“Full” – always performs the entire VM backup.
•
“Incremental” – performs only first entire VM backup, then saves only changed virtual
disks parts in subsequent backups. Normally, the scheduled jobs are used for incremental
backup that allows additional saving of a storage disk space and ensure safety of data.
To keep track of changing data blocks, 5nine Manager Datacenter Backup uses changed block
tracking technology (CBT) for Hyper-V virtual disks (A)VHD(X).
The CBT is implemented as a file system filter driver to be installed on every Hyper-V host within
5nine Manager Datacenter Agent setup. The CBT driver keeps track of changed data blocks of
virtual disks. Information on data blocks that have changed is registered in special files. When an
incremental job is run, 5nine Manager Datacenter uses these files to understand what blocks of
data have changed since the last run of this incremental job, and copies only changed data
blocks from the disk image.
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Backup job templates
1)
To create VM backup job template start backup wizard by pressing Create button. Specify
the name of the backup job template, provide the job template description and press Next
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2) Define compression and encryption options
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3) Select virtual machines to be placed into backup.
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4) Select the storage and folder for each VM Hyper-V host where backup files will be placed.
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5) Specify parameters to create an offsite backup copy to Microsoft Azure cloud, if necessary
(skip this screen if an offsite backup copy to Microsoft Azure is not needed):
•
Enable checkbox for “Make backup copy to Microsoft Azure” option.
•
Select VMs to make backup copy to Microsoft Azure from the list of selected VMs into the
backup job template.
•
Select endpoint protocol (http or https) and specify account name and key to access
Microsoft Azure cloud.
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6) Configure job template schedule.
7) Select the job template type. For incremental backup job template you can determine the
frequency of performing full backup job between incremental backup jobs.
Please Note - The default value is “0”, however, 5nine Manager Datacenter does not allow to
leave at “0”, some value must be configured for full backups. The number of incremental
backups to perform before doing a full backup should balance between ease of restoration jobs
due to the number of backup archives files and the speed of performing backups. This will vary
widely between environments based on the frequency of backups and the rate of changes
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between them.
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8) Review and set the retention parameters if necessary. It is disabled by default.
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9) Check summary information and if everything is correct press Finish button to create a
backup template.
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Restore
1)
To restore a VM from backup select appropriate completed backup job on the Archives tab
and start Restore wizard by pressing Restore button.
2) Specify decryption key if encryption was used in backup creation.
Please Note - Enable “Restore from Microsoft Azure” option if applicable and specify account
settings to override the default ones if necessary.
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3)
Select a host or a cluster where you need to restore a VM from:
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4) Select VMs you need to restore and the alternative path if necessary.
5) Press Finish to start restoring
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SDN Management
Software Defined Networking (SDN) provides a method to centrally configure and manage
physical and virtual network devices such as routers, switches, and gateways in your datacenter.
For Hyper-V hosts and virtual machines (VMs) that run SDN infrastructure servers, such as
Network Controller and Software Load Balancing nodes, you must install Windows Server 2016
Datacenter edition. For Hyper-V hosts that contain only tenant workload VMs that are connected
to SDN-controlled networks, you can run Windows Server 2016 Standard edition.
New in Windows Server 2016, the Network Controller provides a centralized, programmable
point of automation to manage, configure, monitor, and troubleshoot both virtual and physical
network infrastructure in your datacenter. Using Network Controller, you can automate the
configuration of network infrastructure instead of performing manual configuration of network
devices and services.
Network Controller is a highly available and scalable server role, and provides one application
programming interface (API) - the Southbound API - that allows Network Controller to
communicate with the network, and a second API - the Northbound API - that allows you to
communicate with Network Controller.
Network controller provides Windows PowerShell and the Representational State Transfer (REST)
API. Microsoft provides management APIs 5nine Manager Datacenter provides graphical user
interface (GUI) to these APIs so that system administrator can easily work with SDN objects.
This GUI provides basic management features for the main SDN objects:
•
•
•
•
•
•
Logical networks;
Virtual machine networks;
Logical switches;
Network interfaces;
Virtual switches;
IP address pools.
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5nine Manager provides a graphical user interface for operations with all these objects via PS or
REST interfaces of Network Controller. It is assumed that all deployment operations for Network
Controller have already been done.
Please Note - Only Network Controller address needs to be set
Please Note - SDN subnet connection then can be configured in VM settings in the Network
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Adapters – SDN section:
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Logical view grouping
This feature allows administrators to combine multiple related resources into a single, logical tree
through categorization and grouping. This new, customizable view has been added to the
existing infrastructure view within the Hyper-V Management console. A workload administrator,
for example, can create a view of all relevant application VMs. Resource views can also be
created to align with existing regional or functional administrative models.
Logical view grouping allows administrators to more effectively manage, monitor and optimize
operations by providing fast, easy access to relevant resources. It decreases the time and effort
needed to sort through and find a resource or group of resources while maintaining strict rolebased access controls.
1)
First thing you need to do is create categories and groups using Administration plugin –
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Categories tab:
2) Click Create Category button on the left of the top bar and configure the new category
parameters using Add Category Wizard:
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Please Note - The main point is to enable certain object types that will be allowed to be
associated with this category. There are three object types – Cluster, Host and Virtual Machine.
It is up to you whether allow all of them or just some or one in any category. Category availability
will be then appearing accordingly.
3) Click Next, review summary and click Finish to complete the wizard.
You will find your new category in the list then, where you will be able to alter it at any time:
4) Next step is adding groups into categories. Select the category and click the Add group
button.
5) Specify the name for the group as will be displayed in your customized logical view. Click
Next, review summary and click Finish to complete the wizard.
Please Note - Now that you completed the above steps, you can assign objects to the group in
accordance with its settings/availability (in the given example it is for cluster). This is done in the
object’s settings – Categories section, which appears in the same way in cluster, host and virtual
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machine settings:
Please Note - Your object will appear in configured group in the logical view – open Hyper-V
Management plugin and go to the right tab, where logical view is displayed:
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Support information
To ease the communication process with 5nine technical support in the case of any questions
regarding product function or if an investigation is required, automatic support information
collection of logs is available in the 5nine Manager Datacenter console. To get the support
information archive, go to About tab – Info – Support Information. You will be offered to save the
archive either directly on your desktop (by default) or any other place of your choice:
Please attach the collected archive to your request or send it to support@5nine.com or the 5nine
representative that you are in contact with.
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Uninstalling 5nine Manager
1)
To uninstall 5nine Manager Datacenter, use the same bootstrap application:
2) Select the component you need to uninstall button
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3) Then proceed with the uninstallation wizard by clicking Remove
4) Then click Finish at the end of the component uninstallation:
Please Note - You can also open the Start menu, go to Control Panel > Add or Remove
Programs, choose 5nine Manager Datacenter components you want to uninstall and click
Remove.
Repeat this procedure on every machine where the 5nine Manager Datacenter components are
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installed.
Please Note - 5nineManagerDatacenter database and its data is retained until you manually
remove the database.
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