Installation Instructions - Classic Air Conditioning

Installation Instructions - Classic Air Conditioning
226A
Legacyt Line 2--Stage Heat Pump
with Puronr Refrigerant
2 To 5 Nominal Tons
Installation Instructions
NOTE: Read the entire instruction manual before starting the
installation.
SAFETY CONSIDERATIONS
Improper installation, adjustment, alteration, service, maintenance,
or use can cause explosion, fire, electrical shock, or other
conditions which may cause death, personal injury, or property
damage. Consult a qualified installer, service agency, or your
distributor or branch for information or assistance. The qualified
installer or agency must use factory--authorized kits or accessories
when modifying this product. Refer to the individual instructions
packaged with the kits or accessories when installing.
Follow all safety codes. Wear safety glasses, protective clothing,
and work gloves. Use quenching cloth for brazing operations.
Have fire extinguisher available. Read these instructions
thoroughly and follow all warnings or cautions included in
literature and attached to the unit. Consult local building codes and
current editions of the National Electrical Code ( NEC ) NFPA 70.
In Canada, refer to current editions of the Canadian electrical code
CSA 22.1.
Recognize safety information. This is the safety--alert symbol !! .
When you see this symbol on the unit and in instructions or
manuals, be alert to the potential for personal injury.
Understand these signal words; DANGER, WARNING, and
CAUTION. These words are used with the safety--alert symbol.
DANGER identifies the most serious hazards which will result in
severe personal injury or death. WARNING signifies hazards
which could result in personal injury or death. CAUTION is used
to identify unsafe practices which may result in minor personal
injury or product and property damage. NOTE is used to highlight
suggestions which will result in enhanced installation, reliability, or
operation.
!
WARNING
ELECTRICAL SHOCK HAZARD
5. When passing refrigerant tubes through the wall, seal opening with RTV or other pliable silicon--based caulk. (See Fig.
1.)
6. Avoid direct tubing contact with water pipes, duct work,
floor joists, wall studs, floors, and walls.
7. Do not suspend refrigerant tubing from joists and studs with
a rigid wire or strap which comes in direct contact with
tubing.(See Fig. 1.)
8. Ensure that tubing insulation is pliable and completely surrounds vapor tube.
9. When necessary, use hanger straps which are 1 in. wide and
conform to shape of tubing insulation. (See Fig. 1.)
10. Isolate hanger straps from insulation by using metal sleeves
bent to conform to shape of insulation.
OUTDOOR WALL
INDOOR WALL
CAULK
LIQUID TUBE
SUCTION TUBE
INSULATION
THROUGH THE WALL
JOIST
HANGER STRAP
(AROUND SUCTION
TUBE ONLY)
INSULATION
SUCTION TUBE
1” (25.4 mm)
MIN
LIQUID TUBE
SUSPENSION
A07588
Failure to follow this warning could result in personal injury
or death.
Fig. 1 -- Connecting Tubing Installation
Before installing, modifying, or servicing system, main
electrical disconnect switch must be in the OFF position.
There may be more than 1 disconnect switch. Lock out and
tag switch with a suitable warning label.
When outdoor unit is connected to factory--approved indoor unit,
outdoor unit contains system refrigerant charge for operation with
AHRI rated indoor unit when connected by 15 ft. (4.57 m) of
field--supplied or factory accessory tubing. For proper unit
operation, check refrigerant charge using charging information
located on control box cover and/or in the Check Charge section of
this instruction.
IMPORTANT: Maximum liquid--line size is 3/8--in. OD for all
residential applications including line line.
IMPORTANT: Always install the factory--supplied liquid--line
filter drier. Obtain replacement filter driers from your distributor or
branch.
INSTALLATION RECOMMENDATIONS
NOTE: In some cases noise in the living area has been traced to
gas pulsations from improper installation of equipment.
1. Locate unit away from windows, patios, decks, etc. where
unit operation sound may disturb customer.
2. Ensure that vapor and liquid tube diameters are appropriate
for unit capacity.
3. Run refrigerant tubes as directly as possible by avoiding unnecessary turns and bends.
4. Leave some slack between structure and unit to absorb vibration.
Operating Ambient
INSTALLATION
Check Equipment and Job Site
Unpack Unit
Move to final location. Remove carton taking care not to damage
unit.
Inspect Equipment
File claim with shipping company prior to installation if shipment
is damaged or incomplete. Locate unit rating plate on unit corner
panel. It contains information needed to properly install unit.
Check rating plate to be sure unit matches job specifications.
226A
Install on a Solid, Level Mounting Pad
If conditions or local codes require the unit be attached to pad, tie
down bolts should be used and fastened through knockouts
provided in unit base pan. Refer to unit mounting pattern in Fig. 2
to determine base pan size and knockout hole location.
For hurricane tie downs, contact distributor for details and PE
Certification (Professional Engineer), if required.
On rooftop applications, mount on level platform or frame. Place
unit above a load--bearing wall and isolate unit and tubing set from
structure. Arrange supporting members to adequately support unit
and minimize transmission of vibration to building. Consult local
codes governing rooftop applications.
Roof mounted units exposed to winds above 5 mph (8.05 km/h)
may require wind baffles. Consult the Service Manual -Residential Split System Air Conditioners and Heat Pumps for
wind baffle construction.
NOTE: Unit must be level to within ±2°(±3/8 in./ft,±9.5 mm/m.)
per compressor manufacturer specifications.
The minimum outdoor operating ambient in cooling mode is 55°F
(12.78°C), and the maximum outdoor operating ambient in cooling
mode is 120°F (48.89°C). The maximum outdoor operating
ambient in heating mode is 66°F (18.89°C).
NOTE: Units operating at high stage operation, 208v (or below)
line voltage, and at an outdoor ambient of 120°F (48.9°C) (or
greater), may experience compressor thermal trip.
NOTE: This product is not approved for low ambient cooling at
this time, and no low ambient kit is available.
Check Defrost Thermostat
Check defrost thermostat to ensure it is properly located and
securely attached. There is a liquid header with a brass distributor
and feeder tube going into outdoor coil. At the end of the one of
the feeder tubes, there is a 3/8 in. O.D. stub tube approximately 2
in. long. (See Fig. 3.) The defrost thermostat should be located on
stub tube. Note that there is only one stub tube used with liquid
header, and on most units it is the bottom circuit.
FEEDER TUBE
STUB TUBE
DEFROST
THERMOSTAT
Clearance Requirements
A97517
When installing, allow sufficient space for airflow clearance,
wiring, refrigerant piping, and service. Allow 24 in. (609.6 mm)
clearance to service end of unit and 48 in. (1219.2 mm) (above
unit. For proper airflow, a 6--in. (152.4 mm) clearance on 1 side of
unit and 12--in. (304.8 mm) on all remaining sides must be
maintained. Maintain a distance of 24 in. (609.6 mm) between
units. Position so water, snow, or ice from roof or eaves cannot fall
directly on unit.
On rooftop applications, locate unit at least 6 in. (152.4 mm)
above roof surface.
3/8--- in. (9.53 mm) Dia.
Tiedown Knockouts in
Basepan(2) Places
Fig. 3 -- Defrost Thermostat Location
Elevate Unit
!
CAUTION
UNIT OPERATION HAZARD
Failure to follow this caution may result in equipment
damage or improper operation.
Do not allow water and/or ice to build up in base pan.
Elevate unit per local climate and code requirements to provide
clearance above estimated snowfall level and ensure adequate
drainage of unit.
!
CAUTION
UNIT OPERATION HAZARD
Failure to follow this caution may result in equipment
damage or improper operation.
View From Top
UNIT BASE PAN
Dimension in. (mm)
35 X 35
(889 X 889)
Locate the unit in such a way that it is stable in all
circumstances including adverse weather conditions.
TIEDOWN KNOCKOUT LOCATIONS in. (mm)
A
B
C
9–1/8 (231.8)
6–9/16 (166.7)
28–7/16 (722.3)
A05177
Fig. 2 -- Tiedown Knockout Locations
2
Table 1 – Accessory Usage
Accessory
REQUIRED FOR
LONG LINE APPLICATIONS*
Accumulator
Compressor Start Assist Capacitor and Relay
Standard
Yes
REQUIRED FOR
SEA COAST APPLICATIONS (Within 2
miles / 3.22 km)
Standard
No
Crankcase Heater
Standard
Standard
Evaporator Freeze Thermostat
No
Yes
(Standard with factory ---approved indoor unit)
No
No
Hard Shutoff TXV
Isolation Relay
Liquid Line Solenoid Valve
Motor Master® Control or
Low Ambient Switch
Support Feet
Yes
See Long --- Line Application Guideline
No
No
No
No
Recommended
Recommended
In Long--Line Applications, Install Liquid--Line
Solenoid Valve (LSV)
For refrigerant piping arrangements with equivalent lengths greater
than 80 ft. (24.38 m) and/or when elevation difference between
indoor and outdoor unit is greater than ±20 ft. (±6.10 m), follow
all requirements of the Residential Piping and Long--Line
Guideline. If required by Long--Line Guideline, install LSV kit,
part no. KHALS0401LLS, specifically designed for PuronR
refrigerant heat pumps. LSV should be installed within 2 ft. (0.61
m) of outdoor unit with flow arrow pointing toward outdoor unit.
Follow the Installation Instructions included with accessory kit.
IMPORTANT: Flow arrow must point toward outdoor unit.
Make Piping Connections
WARNING
!
PERSONAL INJURY AND ENVIRONMENTAL
HAZARD
Failure to follow this warning could result in personal injury
or death.
Relieve pressure and recover all refrigerant before system
repair or final unit disposal.
Use all service ports and open all flow--control devices,
including solenoid valves.
!
Outdoor units may be connected to indoor section using accessory
tubing package or field--supplied refrigerant grade tubing of correct
size and condition. For tubing requirements beyond 80 ft (24.4 m),
substantial capacity and performance losses can occur. Following
the recommendations in the Residential Piping and Long Line
Guideline will reduce these losses. Refer to Table 1 for accessory
requirements. Refer to Table 2 for field tubing diameters.
There are no buried--line applications greater than 36 in. (914.4
mm)
If refrigerant tubes or indoor coil are exposed to atmosphere, they
must be evacuated to 500 microns to eliminate contamination and
moisture in the system.
Outdoor Unit Connected to Factory Approved Indoor
Unit:
Outdoor unit contains the correct system refrigerant charge for
operation with factory approved, AHRI rated, indoor unit with
highest sales volume when connected by 15 ft (4.57 m) of
field--supplied or factory accessory tubing and factory--supplied
filter drier. Check refrigerant charge for maximum efficiency.
Refrigerant Tubing and Sweat Connections
Connect vapor tube to fitting on outdoor unit vapor service valves
(see Table 2). Connect liquid tubing to adapter tube on liquid
service valve. Use refrigerant grade tubing.
!
CAUTION
CAUTION
UNIT DAMAGE HAZARD
UNIT DAMAGE HAZARD
Failure to follow this caution may result in equipment
damage or improper operation.
Failure to follow this caution may result in equipment damage
or improper operation.
Service valves must be wrapped in a heat--sinking material
such as a wet cloth while brazing.
If ANY refrigerant tubing is buried, provide a 6--in (152.4
mm). vertical rise at service valve. Refrigerant tubing lengths
up to 36--in (914.4 mm). may be buried without further special
consideration. Do not bury lines longer than 36 in (914.4 mm).
Remove plastic retainer holding outdoor piston in liquid service
valve, leaving the piston and piston retainer inside the valve.
Connect sweat/flare adapter provided, to valve. (See Fig. 4.)
Connect refrigerant tubing to fittings on outdoor unit vapor and
liquid service valves. Service valves are closed from factory and
ready for brazing. After wrapping service valve with a wet cloth,
tubing set can be brazed to service valve using either silver bearing
or non--silver bearing brazing material. Do not use soft solder
(materials which melt below 800°F/427°C). Consult local code
requirements.
3
226A
* For tubing line sets between 80 and 200 ft. (24.38 and 60.96 m) and/or 20 ft. (6.09 m) vertical differential, refer to Residential Piping and Longline Guideline.
Deep Vacuum Method
The deep vacuum method requires a vacuum pump capable of
pulling a vacuum of 500 microns and a vacuum gage capable of
accurately measuring this vacuum depth. The deep vacuum method
is the most positive way of assuring a system is free of air and
liquid water. A tight dry system will hold a vacuum of 1000
microns after approximately 7 minutes. See Fig. 6.
5000
4500
4000
LEAK IN
SYSTEM
A05226
Fig. 4 -- Liquid Service Valve
Table 2 – Refrigerant Connections and Recommended Liquid
and Vapor Tube Diameters (In.)
226A
UNIT SIZE
LIQUID
Connection
Tube
Diameter
Diameter
024
036
048, 060
*
3/8
3/8
3/8
3/8
3/8
3/8
MICRONS
3500
2500
2000
VACUUM TIGHT
TOO WET
1500
1000
RATED VAPOR*
Connection
Tube
Diameter
Diameter
3/4
7/8
7/8
3000
TIGHT
DRY SYSTEM
500
3/4
7/8
1--1/8
0
Install Liquid Line Filter Drier Indoor
Refer to Fig. 5 and install filter drier as follows:
1. Braze 5 in. (127 mm) liquid tube to the indoor coil.
2. Wrap filter drier with damp cloth.
3. Braze filter drier to 5 in. (127 mm) long liquid tube from
step 1.
4. Connect and braze liquid refrigerant tube to the filter drier.
2
3
4
MINUTES
5
6
7
A95424
A95424
Units are rated with 25 ft. (7.6 m) of lineset. See Product Data sheet for performance
data when using different size and length linesets.
Notes:
1. Do not apply capillary tube indoor coils to these units.
2. For Tubing Set lengths between 80 and 200 ft. (24.38 and 60.96 m) horizontal or
20 ft. (6.1 m) vertical differential, refer to the Residential Piping and Longline
Guideline using Puron refrigerant.
1
Fig. 6 -- Deep Vacuum Graph
Final Tubing Check
IMPORTANT: Check to be certain factory tubing on both indoor
and outdoor unit has not shifted during shipment. Ensure tubes are
not rubbing against each other or any sheet metal. Pay close
attention to feeder tubes, makings sure wire ties on feeder tubes are
secure and tight.
Be sure field wiring complies with local and national fire, safety,
and electrical codes, and voltage to system is within limits shown
on unit rating plate. Contact local power company for correction of
improper voltage. See unit rating plate for recommended circuit
protection device.
NOTE: Operation of unit on improper line voltage constitutes
abuse and could affect unit reliability. See unit rating plate. Do not
install unit in system where voltage may fluctuate above or below
permissible limits.
!
CAUTION
UNIT DAMAGE HAZARD
Failure to follow this caution may result in equipment damage
or improper operation.
A05227
Fig. 5 -- Liquid Line Filter Drier
Refrigerant tubing and indoor coil are now ready for leak testing.
This check should include all field and factory joints.
Installation of filter drier in liquid line is required.
Make Electrical Connections
Evacuate Refrigerant Tubing and Indoor Coil
!
!
CAUTION
ELECTRICAL SHOCK HAZARD
Failure to follow this warning could result in personal injury or
death.
UNIT DAMAGE HAZARD
Failure to follow this caution may result in equipment
damage or improper operation.
Never use the system compressor as a vacuum pump.
Refrigerant tubes and indoor coil should be evacuated using the
recommended deep vacuum method of 500 microns. The alternate
triple evacuation method may be used (see triple evacuation
procedure in service manual). Always break a vacuum with dry
nitrogen.
WARNING
Do not supply power to unit with compressor terminal box
cover removed.
NOTE: Use copper wire only between disconnect switch and unit.
NOTE: Install branch circuit disconnect of adequate size per NEC
to handle unit starting current. Locate disconnect within sight from
and readily accessible from unit, per Section 440--14 of NEC.
Route Ground and Power Wires
Remove access panel to gain access to unit wiring. Extend wires
from disconnect through power wiring hole provided and into unit
control box.
4
Connect Ground and Power Wires
Install Electrical Accessories
Connect ground wire to ground connection in control box for
safety. Connect power wiring to contactor as shown in Fig. 7.
Refer to the individual instructions packaged with kits or
accessories when installing.
ELECTRICAL SHOCK HAZARD
Failure to follow this warning could result in personal injury or
death.
The unit cabinet must have an uninterrupted or unbroken
ground to minimize personal injury if an electrical fault should
occur. The ground may consist of electrical wire or metal
conduit when installed in accordance with existing electrical
codes.
Connect ground wire to ground connection in control box for
safety. Connect power wiring to contactor as shown in Fig. 7.
DISCONNECT
PER N. E. C. AND/ OR
LOCAL CODES
CONTACTOR
FIELD POWER
WIRING
FIELD GROUND
WIRING
GROUND
LUG
A91306
Fig. 7 -- Line Connections
Connect Control Wiring
Route 24v control wires through control wiring grommet and
connect leads to control wiring. See Thermostat Installation
Instructions for wiring specific unit combinations. (See Fig. 8 and
Fig. 9.)
Use No. 18 AWG color--coded, insulated (35°C minimum) wire. If
thermostat is located more than 100 ft (30.5 m) from unit, as
measured along the control voltage wires, use No. 16 AWG
color--coded wire to avoid excessive voltage drop.
All wiring must be NEC Class 1 and must be separated from
incoming power leads.
Use furnace transformer, fan coil transformer, or accessory
transformer for control power, 24v/40va minimum.
NOTE: Use of available 24v accessories may exceed the
minimum 40va power requirement. Determine total transformer
loading and increase the transformer capacity or split the load with
an accessory transformer as required.
Final Wiring Check
IMPORTANT: Check factory wiring and field wire connections
to ensure terminations are secured properly. Check wire routing to
ensure wires are not in contact with tubing, sheet metal, etc.
Compressor Crankcase Heater
All sizes are equipped with a crankcase heater. Furnish power to
heater a minimum of 24 hours before starting unit. To furnish
power to heater only, set thermostat to OFF and close electrical
disconnect to outdoor unit.
A crankcase heater is required if refrigerant tubing is longer than
80 ft. (24.4 m), or when outdoor unit is 20 ft. (6.1 m) below the
indoor unit. Refer to the Residential Piping and Long Line
Guideline.
The ECM Furnaces provide blower operation to match the
capacities of the compressor during high and low stage cooling
operation. Tap selections on the furnace control board enable the
installing technician to select the proper airflows for each stage of
cooling. Below is a brief summary of the furnace airflow
configurations
1. The Y2 call for high stage cooling energizes the “Cool” tap
on the control board. The grey wire from cool tap is connected to tap 5 on the motor. Refer to the furnace Product Data
to find the corresponding airflow. If the airflow setting for
high cooling needs to be switched from tap 5 to a different
tap, jumper a connection from the cool tap to the desired tap
so that the Y2 signal is communicated via the cool tap to the
desired speed tap.
2. The Y1 call for low stage cooling energizes the “Fan” tap
on the control board. The red wire from the fan tap is connected to tap 1 on the motor. Refer to the furnace Product
Data to find the corresponding airflow. If the airflow setting
for low cooling needs to be switched from tap 1 to a different tap, jumper a connection from the Fan tap to the desired
tap so that the Y1 signal is communicated via the Fan tap to
the desired speed tap. The Y1 setting will also govern the
continuous fan airflow for the furnace.
Refer to the literature for the furnace for further details.
Airflow Selection for Variable Speed Furnaces
(non--communicating)
The variable speed furnaces provide blower operation to match the
capacities of the compressor during high and low stage cooling
operation. The furnace control board allows the installing
technician to select the proper airflows for each stage of cooling.
Below is a summary of required adjustments. See furnace
installation instructions for more details:
1. Turn SW1--5 ON for 400 CFM/ton airflow or OFF for 350
CFM/ton airflow. Factory default is OFF.
2. The A/C DIP switch setting determines airflow during high
stage cooling operation. Select the A/C DIP switch setting
corresponding to the available airflow shown in the furnace
Installation Instructions that most closely matches the required airflow shown in the air conditioning Product Data
for HIGH speed.
3. The CF DIP switch setting determines airflow during low
stage cooling operation. Select the CF DIP switch setting
corresponding to the available airflow shown in the furnace
installation instructions that most closely matches the required airflow shown in the air conditioning Product Data
for LOW speed. If a higher or lower continuous fan speed is
desired, the continuous fan speed can be changed using the
fan switch on the thermostat. Refer to the furnace Installation Instructions for details of how to use this feature.
Airflow Selection for FV4C Fan Coils
(non--communicating)
The FV4 provides high-- and low--stage blower operation to match
the capacities of the compressor at high-- and low--stage.
To select recommended airflow, refer to the FV4C Installation
Instructions. The FV4C utilizes an Easy Select control board that
allows the installing technician to select proper airflows. This fan
coil has an adjustable blower--off delay factory set at 90 sec. for
high-- and low--stage blower operation.
5
226A
Airflow Selections (ECM Furnaces)
WARNING
!
Start--Up
CAUTION
!
UNIT OPERATION AND SAFETY HAZARD
Failure to follow this caution may result in personal injury,
equipment damage or improper operation.
S Do not overcharge system with refrigerant.
S Do not operate unit in a vacuum or at negative pressure.
S Do not disable low pressure switch in scroll compressor
applications.
S Compressor dome temperatures may be hot.
PERSONAL INJURY HAZARD
Failure to follow this caution may result in personal
injury.
Wear safety glasses, protective clothing, and gloves when
handling refrigerant and observe the following:
S Front seating service valves are equipped with Schrader valves.
CAUTION
!
Follow these steps to properly start up system:
1. After system is evacuated, fully open liquid and vapor service valves.
2. Unit is shipped with valve stem(s) front seated (closed) and
caps installed. Replace stem caps after system is opened to
refrigerant flow (back seated). Replace caps finger--tight and
tighten with wrench an additional 1/12 turn.
3. Close electrical disconnects to energize system.
4. Set room thermostat at desired temperature. Be sure set
point is below indoor ambient temperature.
5. Set room thermostat to HEAT or COOL and fan control to
ON or AUTO mode, as desired. Operate unit for 15
minutes. Check system refrigerant charge.
ENVIRONMENTAL HAZARD
226A
Failure to follow this caution may result in environmental
damage.
Federal regulations require that you do not vent refrigerant to
the atmosphere. Recover during system repair or final unit
disposal.
2 STAGE
HEAT PUMP
FAN
COIL
THERMIDISTAT
CAUTION
!
O
O
Y
Y1
W2
Variable Speed
Furnace
Thermidistat
2-Stage
Heat Pump
O
RVS/Heat Stage 2
O/W2/B
Heat Stage 1
W/W1
W1
Compressor Low
Y1
W2
Compressor High
Y/Y2
Y/Y2
Fan
G
G
24VAC Hot Heating
Rh
R
24VAC Hot Cooling
Rc
Dry Contact 1
D1
Dry Contact 2
D2
DH
RVS Cooling
Heat Stage 3 (furnace)
Y2
R
REMOVE J1 FOR
DEHUMIDIFY
MODES
C
24VAC Common
C
Humidify
HUM
Outdoor Air Temp
OAT
Humidifier Solenoid
Valve *
Remote Room Sensor
RRS
Outdoor Sensor *
OAT / RRS Return
SRTN
SRTN
Remote Room
Sensor *
O/B W2
W2
W/W1
W/W1
Heat/Cool Stage 1
Y1 / W2
Heat/Cool Stage 2
Y/Y2
Y/Y2
Fan
G
G
24VAC Hot Heating
Rh
R
24VAC Hot Cooling
Rc
Dry Contact 1
D1
Dry Contact 2
D2
24VAC Common
C
Humidify
HUM
C
Y/Y2
R
DHUM
COM
Outdoor Air Temp
OAT
Remote Room Sensor
RRS
Outdoor Sensor *
OAT/RRS Com
SRTN
Remote Room
Sensor *
* Indicates connection may not be required / available.
Fig. 8 -- Thermidistat Model T6--PRH01--A or T6--NRH01--A
Wiring with Fan Coil and 226A 2--Stage Heat Pump
(non--communicating)
*
Y1
Humidifier Solenoid
Valve *
A09304
W2
C
A09337
Fig. 9 -- Thermidistat Model T6--PRH01--A or T6--NRH01--A
with Variable Speed Furnace and 226A 2--Stage Heat Pump
(non--communicating)
LEGEND
24v Factory Wiring
24v Field Wiring
Field Splice Connection
A09306
6
NOTE: If the indoor blower off delay is enabled, it will run up to
an additional 90 seconds to increase system efficiency.
Heating
On a call for heating, thermostat makes circuits R--Y and R--G.
Circuit R--Y sends low voltage through the safeties and energizes
the T1 terminal on the circuit board. T1 energizes the defrost logic
circuit. If the compressor has been off for 5 minutes, or power
has not been cycled for 5 minutes, the OF2 relay and T2 terminal
will energize. This will close the contactor, start the outdoor fan
motor and compressor.
When the cycle is complete, R--Y is turned off , stopping the
compressor and outdoor fan. The 5 minute time guard begins
counting. Compressor will not come on again until this time delay
expires. In the event of a power interruption, the time guard will
not allow another cycle for 5 minutes.
Compressor Operation
OF1
DFT
OF2
T2 C C O
T1
Y
O R W2 Y C
P1
30
120
60
30
ON
DFT
QUIET
SHIFT
90
INTERVAL TIMER OFF
P3
Speedup
Pins
60
J1
SPEEDUP
The basic scroll design has been modified with the addition of an
internal unloading mechanism that opens a by--pass port in the first
compression pocket, effectively reducing the displacement of the
scroll. The opening and closing of the by--pass port is controlled
by an internal electrically operated solenoid. The modulated scroll
uses a single step of unloading to go from full capacity to
approximately 67% capacity.
A single speed, high efficiency motor continues to run while the
scroll modulates between the two capacity steps. Modulation is
achieved by venting a portion of the gas in the first suction pocket
back to the low side of the compressor, thereby reducing the
effective displacement of the compressor.
Full capacity is achieved by blocking these vents, thus increasing
the displacement to 100%. A DC solenoid in the compressor
controlled by a rectified 24 volt AC signal in the external solenoid
plug moves the slider ring that covers and uncovers these vents.
The vent covers are arranged in such a manner that the compressor
operates at approximately 67% capacity when the solenoid is not
energized and 100% capacity when the solenoid is energized. The
loading and unloading of the two step scroll is done ”on the fly”
without shutting off the motor between steps.
NOTE: 67% compressor capacity translates to approximately
75% cooling or heating capacity at the indoor coil.
The compressor will always start unloaded and stay unloaded for
five seconds even when the thermostat is calling for high stage
capacity.
Quiet Shift
Quiet shift is a field selectable defrost mode (factory set to OFF),
which will eliminate occasional noise that could be heard at the
start of defrost cycle and restarting of heating cycle. It is selected
by placing DIP switch 3 on defrost board (see Fig. 10) in the ON
position.
When Quiet Shift switch is placed in ON position, and a defrost is
initiated, the following sequence of operation will occur. Reversing
valve will energize, compressor will turn off for 30 seconds, and
then turn back on to complete defrost. At the start of heating after
conclusion of defrost, reversing valve will de--energize,
compressor will turn off for another 30 seconds, and the fan will
turn off for 40 seconds, before starting in the heating mode.
Defrost
The defrost control is a time/temperature control which has field
selectable settings of 30, 60, 90, or 120 minutes, factory set to 90
minutes. These settings represent the amount of time that must pass
after closure of the defrost thermostat before the defrost sequence
begins.
The defrost thermostat senses coil temperature throughout the
heating cycle. When the coil temperature reaches the defrost
thermostat setting of approximately 32 _F (0 _C), it will close,
which energizes the DFT terminal and begins the defrost timing
sequence. When the DFT has been energized for the selected time,
the defrost cycle begins. Defrost cycle is terminated when defrost
thermostat opens, or automatically after 10 minutes.
Defrost Speedup
To initiate a forced defrost, speedup pins (J1) must be shorted with
a flat head screwdriver for 5 seconds and RELEASED. If the
defrost thermostat is open, a short defrost cycle will be observed
(actual length depends on Quiet Shift switch position). When Quiet
Shift is off, only a short 30 second defrost cycle is observed. With
Quiet Shift ON, the speedup sequence is one minute; 30 second
compressor off period followed by 30 seconds of defrost with
compressor operation. When returning to heating mode, the
compressor will turn off for an additional 30 seconds and the fan
for 40 seconds.
If the defrost thermostat is closed, a complete defrost cycle is
initiated. If the Quiet Shift switch is turned on, the compressor will
be turned off for two 30 second intervals as explained previously.
HK32EA003
Quiet
Shift
Defrost interval
DIP switches
A05378
Fig. 10 -- Defrost Control
7
226A
Sequence of Operation
NOTE: Defrost control board is equipped with 5 minute lockout
timer that is initiated upon any interruption of power.
Turn on power to indoor and outdoor units. Transformer is
energized.
Cooling
On a call for cooling, thermostat makes circuits R--O, R--Y, and
R--G. Circuit R--O energizes reversing valve, switching it to
cooling position. Circuit R--Y sends low voltage through the
safeties and energizes the T1 terminal on the circuit board. If the
compressor has been off for 5 minutes, or power has not been
cycled for 5 minutes, the OF2 relay and T2 terminal will energize.
This will close the contactor, and start the outdoor fan motor and
compressor.
When the cycle is complete, R--Y is turned off, stopping the
compressor and outdoor fan. The 5 minute time guard begins
counting. Compressor will not come on again until this delay
expires. In the event of a power interruption, the time guard will
not allow another cycle for 5 minutes.
226A
Check Charge
Unloader Test Procedure
Factory charge amount and desired subcooling are shown on unit
rating plate. Charging method is shown on information plate inside
unit. To properly check or adjust charge, conditions must be
favorable for subcooling charging. Favorable conditions exist
when the outdoor temperature is between 70_F and 100_F
(21.11_C and 37.78_C), and the indoor temperature is between
70_F and 80_F (21.11_C and 26.67_C). Follow the procedure
below:
Unit is factory charged for 15ft (4.57 m) of lineset. Adjust charge
by adding or removing 0.6 oz/ft (.018 kg/m) of 3/8 liquid line
above or below 15ft (4.57 m) respectively.
For standard refrigerant line lengths (80 ft/24.38 m or less), allow
system to operate in cooling mode at least 15 minutes. If conditions
are favorable, check system charge by subcooling method. If any
adjustment is necessary, adjust charge slowly and allow system to
operate for 15 minutes to stabilize before declaring a properly
charged system.
If the indoor temperature is above 80_F (26.67_C), and the
outdoor temperature is in the favorable range, adjust system charge
by weight based on line length and allow the indoor temperature to
drop to 80_F (26.67_C) before attempting to check system charge
by subcooling method as described above.
If the indoor temperature is below 70_F (21.11_C), or the outdoor
temperature is not in the favorable range, adjust charge for line set
length above or below 15ft (4.57 m) only. Charge level should then
be appropriate for the system to achieve rated capacity. The charge
level could then be checked at another time when the both indoor
and outdoor temperatures are in a more favorable range.
NOTE: If line length is beyond 80 ft (24.38 m) or greater than 20
ft (6.10 m) vertical separation, See Long Line Guideline for
special charging requirements.
The unloader is the compressor internal mechanism, controlled by
the DC solenoid, that modulates between high and low stage. If it
is suspected that the unloader is not working, the following
methods may be used to verify operation.
1. Operate the system and measure compressor amperage.
Cycle the unloader on and off at 30 second plus intervals at
the thermostat (from low to high stage and back to low
stage). Wait 5 seconds after staging to high before taking a
reading. The compressor amperage should go up or down
at least 20 percent.
2. If the expected result is not achieved, remove the solenoid
plug from the compressor and with the unit running and the
thermostat calling for high stage, test the voltage output at
the plug with a DC voltmeter. The reading should be 24
volts DC.
3. If the correct DC voltage is at the control circuit molded
plug, measure the compressor unloader coil resistance. The
resistance should be 32 to 60 ohms depending on compressor temperature. If the coil resistance is infinite, much
lower than 32 ohms, or is grounded, the compressor must
be replaced.
Heating Check Chart Procedure
To check system operation during heating cycle, refer to the
Heating Check Chart on outdoor unit. This chart indicates whether
a correct relationship exists between system operating pressure and
air temperature entering indoor and outdoor units. If pressure and
temperature do not match on chart, system refrigerant charge may
not be correct. Do not use chart to adjust refrigerant charge.
Verify 226A units for proper switching between low &
high stages
Check the suction pressures at the service valves. Suction pressure
should be reduced by 3--10% when switching from low to high
capacity.
Compressor current should increase 20--45% when switching from
low to high stage. The compressor solenoid when energized in
high stage, should measure 24vac.
When the compressor is operating in low stage the 24v DC
compressor solenoid coil is de--energized. When the compressor is
operating in high stage, the 24v DC solenoid coil is energized. The
solenoid plug harness that is connected to the compressor HAS an
internal rectifier that converts the 24v DC signal to 24v AC. DO
NOT INSTALL A PLUG WITHOUT AN INTERNAL
RECTIFIER.
Final Checks
IMPORTANT: Before leaving job, be sure to do the following:
1. Ensure that all wiring is routed away from tubing and sheet
metal edges to prevent rub--through or wire pinching.
2. Ensure that all wiring and tubing is secure in unit before
adding panels and covers. Securely fasten all panels and
covers.
3. Tighten service valve stem caps to 1/12--turn past finger
tight.
4. Leave Owner’s Manual with owner. Explain system operation and periodic maintenance requirements outlined in
manual.
5. Fill out Dealer Installation Checklist and place in customer
file.
CARE AND MAINTENANCE
For continuing high performance and to minimize possible
equipment failure, periodic maintenance must be performed on this
equipment.
Frequency of maintenance may vary depending upon geographic
areas, such as coastal applications. See Users Manual for
information.
8
S Puron refrigerant operates at 50--70 percent higher pressures than R--22. Be sure that servicing equipment and replacement
components are designed to operate with Puron
S Puron refrigerant cylinders are rose colored.
S Recovery cylinder service pressure rating must be 400 psig, DOT 4BA400 or DOT BW400.
S Puron systems should be charged with liquid refrigerant. Use a commercial type metering device in the manifold hose when
charging into suction line with compressor operating
S Manifold sets should be 700 psig high side and 180 psig low side with 550 psig low--side retard.
S Use hoses with 700 psig service pressure rating.
S Leak detectors should be designed to detect HFC refrigerant.
S Puron, as with other HFCs, is only compatible with POE oils.
S Vacuum pumps will not remove moisture from oil.
S Do not use liquid--line filter driers with rated working pressures less than 600 psig.
S Do not leave Puron suction line filter driers in line longer than 72 hours.
S Do not install a suction--line filter drier in liquid line.
S POE oils absorb moisture rapidly. Do not expose oil to atmosphere.
S POE oils may cause damage to certain plastics and roofing materials.
S Wrap all filter driers and service valves with wet cloth when brazing.
S A factory approved liquid--line filter drier is required on every unit.
S Do NOT use an R--22 TXV.
S If indoor unit is equipped with an R--22 TXV or piston metering device, it must be changed to a hard shutoff Puron TXV.
S Never open system to atmosphere while it is under a vacuum.
S When system must be opened for service, recover refrigerant, evacuate then break vacuum with dry nitrogen and replace filter
driers. Evacuate to 500 microns prior to recharging.
S Do not vent Puron into the atmosphere.
S Do not use capillary tube coils.
S Observe all warnings, cautions, and bold text.
S All indoor coils must be installed with a hard shutoff Puron TXV metering device.
9
226A
PURONR (R--410A) QUICK REFERENCE GUIDE
226A
E2009 Bryant Heating & Cooling Systems D 7310 W. Morris St. D Indianapolis, IN 46231
Printed in U.S.A.
Edition Date: 06/09
Manufacturer reserves the right to discontinue, or change at any time, specifications or designs without notice and without incurring obligations.
10
Catalog No. II226A ---01
Replaces: New
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