IND-CL370D

IND-CL370D
IND-CL370D
Single Board Computer
for Dual Socket 370 Processors
COPYRIGHT©
This document is copyrighted by the original manufacturer, 1999.
The original
manufacturer reserves the right to make modifications to the product(s) described in this
manual at any time without notice. This manual may not, in whole or in part, be
photocopied, reproduced, transcribed, translated, or transmitted in whatever form without
the written consent of the manufacturer, except for copies retained by the purchaser for
backup purposes. All rights are reserved.
TRADEMARKS
Pentium is a registered trademark of Intel Corporation.
The following are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective companies: IBM,
Intel, AMD, Cyrix, Award, AMI, S3, Microsoft, Windows, Windows NT, Novell, SCO,
PC/104, PICMG, ALI, UMC, SMC, Winbond. Products mentioned in this manual are for
identification purposes only. All names of products or services appearing in this manual
are the trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective organizations and
companies.
 Copyright 1999
Version 1.0
IND-CL370D-000
Date : 10/20/1999
By Indocomp Systems Inc.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
CHAPTER 1
1.1
1.2
INTRODUCTION ..........................................................................................................................1
SPECIFICATIONS ..........................................................................................................................................2
PACKING CHECK LIST .................................................................................................................................3
CHAPTER 2
JUMPER SETTING AND CONNECTORS.................................................................................4
2.1
BOARD OUTLINE OF IND-CL370D .............................................................................................................4
2.2
INSTALLING AND UPGRADING THE CPU......................................................................................................5
2.3
JUMPER SETTING OVERVIEW .......................................................................................................................7
2.4
JUMPER LOCATIONS FOR IND-CL370D ......................................................................................................8
2.5
JUMPER SETTINGS SUMMARY FOR IND-CL370D .......................................................................................9
JUMPER SETTINGS FOR IND-CL370D ..........................................................................................................................10
I/O CONNECTOR LOCATIONS FOR IND-CL370D..........................................................................................................16
DESCRIPTION...........................................................................................................................................................26
DESCRIPTION...........................................................................................................................................................26
CHAPTER 3
AWARD BIOS SETUP .................................................................................................................27
3.1
RUNNING AWARD BIOS .........................................................................................................................27
3.2
CMOS SETUP UTILITY .............................................................................................................................28
3.3
STANDARD CMOS SETUP .........................................................................................................................29
3.4
BIOS FEATURES SETUP.............................................................................................................................33
3.5
CHIPSET FEATURES SETUP ........................................................................................................................36
3.6
POWER MANAGEMENT SETUP ...................................................................................................................40
3.7
PNP/PCI CONFIGURATION ........................................................................................................................43
3.8
LOAD BIOS DEFAULTS ...............................................................................................................................45
3.9
LOAD SETUP DEFAULTS ............................................................................................................................45
3.10
INTEGRATED PERIPHERALS .......................................................................................................................46
3.11 SUPERVISOR/USER PASSWORD .............................................................................................................................48
3.13
SAVE & EXIT SETUP ..................................................................................................................................49
3.14EXIT WITHOUT SAVING .........................................................................................................................................49
APPENDIX A
USE WATCH-DOG TIMER ...................................................................................................50
APPENDIX B
TECHNICAL REFERENCE..................................................................................................51
I/O PORT ADDRESS MAP........................................................................................................................................51
MEMORY ADDRESS MAP ......................................................................................................................................52
DMA CHANNELS .....................................................................................................................................................52
INTERRUPT CONTROLLER....................................................................................................................................52
GLOSSARY....................................................................................................................................................................53
CHAPTER 1
INTRODUCTION
Indocomp’s IND-CL370D is a full-size support Dual Intel CeleronTM PPGA PCI/ISA single
board computer that uses the Intel 440 BX chipset, and supports Ultra DMA-33 for faster
hard drive transmission speeds and contains health monitoring hardware. The health
monitoring hardware detects and releases an audio alarm if any abnormal function of the
operating voltage & temperature of CPU or it’s cooling fan. For boosting operation, this
motivated card also supports sockets for a Flash Disk, and three DIMMs.
Take note that the IND-CL370D is a high power & full engine SBC with an AGP display of
resolution up to 1600x1200 at 256 colors. It is a board that after many feature for a
reasonable cost, without the hassle of going through the extra effort and cost of additional
I/O cards.
The IND-CL370D is built as a PCI/ISA expansion card that is simply upgraded by
changing one card from another without replacing the whole system. It provides the
primary elements for building an IBM PC/AT compatible computer for a wide variety of
applications with system integration. The IND-CL370D is fully compatible with the IBM
PC/AT which means virtually all the software written for the IBM PC/AT will run on the
IND-CL370D SBC.
Other on-board features include two serial ports (RS-232 and RS-232/422/485), one multimode parallel (ECP/EPP/SPP) port, a floppy drive controller, a keyboard interface and a
PS/2 mouse interface. The built-in high speed PCI IDE controller supports both PIO and
bus master modes. Up to four IDE devices can be connected, including large hard disks,
CD-ROM drives, tape backup drives and other IDE devices. Its 6-layer printed circuit
board combined with noise-tolerant and low power consumption CMOS technology allows
the IND-CL370D to withstand many harsh industrial environments.
IND-CL370D 1
1.1 Specifications
❏ Processor
❏ Chipset
❏ System Memory
❏ BIOS
❏ Flash Memory Disk
❏ VGA Controller
❏ IDE Drive Interface
❏ Floppy Drive Interface
❏ Serial Port
❏
❏
❏
❏
Parallel Port
RTC Battery
PS/2 Mouse Connector
Keyboard Connector
❏
❏
❏
❏
❏
❏
❏
❏
Watchdog Timer
Universal Serial Bus
IR Interface
Health Monitoring
Operating Temperature
Humidity
Dimensions
Net weight
: Support Dual Intel CeleronTM 370-pin PPGA package
Processor
: Intel 440BX chipset C&T m6900 VGA CHIP
Winbond W83977EF I/O chipset compatible
: 3x168-pin DIMM sockets, support up to 768 MB
SDRAM
: 256KB Award License BIOS
: Reserved one socket for Disk-On-Chip from M-System
support up to 144 MB Flash memory Disk
: C&T m6900 VGA, on-chip 2 MB RAM resolution up to
1600x1200 at 256 colors
: Two PCI IDE ports that support up to four Ultra DMA/33
IDE devices
: One FDD port up to two floppy devices
: Two COM ports, one RS-232 and one RS- 232/422/485
serial port
: One multi-mode parallel port (SPP/EPP/ECP)
: Dallas RTC battery or compatible
: On-board 6-pin Mini-Din PS/2 mouse connector
: 5-pin header and 6-pin Mini-Din PS/2 keyboard
connectors
: 7 level time-out intervals (0.5/1/2/4/16/32/64 sec.)
: Support two USB ports
: Supports one IrDA header
: Support CPU temperature alarm
: 0°C~60°C (32°F~140°F)
: 10%~90% RH
: 338 mm X 122 mm (131/4” X 45/6”)
: 340 g (0.748 lb.)
IND-CL370D 2
1.2 Packing Check List
Before you begin to install your card, please make sure that you received the following
materials as listed below:
Item
Qty
Remark
IND-CL370D SBC
1 pc IND-CL370D Single Board Computer
Keyboard adapter cable
1 pc 5-pin to 6-pin PS/2 AT keyboard connector
EIDE/Floppy cable
1 set
40-pin to 40-pin standard header flat ribbon cable
34-pin to 34-pin standard header flat ribbon cable
26-pin female flat connector header to 25-pin male
Printer and COM ports cable
1 set
D-Sub connector, 10-pin female flat connector
header to 9-pin male D-Sub connector
Keyboard Connector Cable
1 pc 5-pin female to 5-female cable
Drivers Utility
1 pc CD-ROM
User‘s manual
1 pc IND-CL370D user’s manual
IND-CL370D 3
CHAPTER 2
JUMPER SETTING AND CONNECTORS
The figure below shows the jumpers and connectors location on the IND-CL370D:
2.1 Board Outline of IND-CL370D
PMS1
COM1
PKB1
COM2
1 IrDA 5
1
KCN1
RTC BATTERY
JP8
LCD1
PRT1
JP7
8
12
56 1
3 1
1
3
3
VGA1
JP21 JP18
JP22
1 3
8
JP15
12
1 JP19 7
FAN 2
9
10
USB1
1
24
JP3
FDC1
19
10
9
CON1 1
DIO 1
1
2
1
2
JP23
!
CPU2
IDE2
FAN 1
J1
1
10
IDE1
DIMM 3
DIMM 2
DIMM 1
CPU1
IND-CL370D
IND-CL370D 4
2.2 Installing and Upgrading the CPU
To upgrade to a higher power CPU, simply remove the old CPU and install a new one; be
sure to set the jumpers for the new CPU type and speed.
WARNING!
Disconnect the power cord from your system when you intend to
work on it or when you plan to open the chassis of your industrial
computer. Do not make connections when the power is turned on
because the sensitive electronic components could been
damaged by the sudden rush of power. Please only allow
experienced electronic technicians to do this job.
STATIC ELECTRICITY PRECAUTION!
Caution! Computer components are very sensitive to damage
from static electric discharge. Always ground yourself to remove
static charge build-up before touching the boards in the computer.
Use a grounding wrist strap at all times. Place all electronic
components on an anti-static pad for static-dissipation or in a
static-shielded bag when they are not in the chassis.
CAUTION!
Danger of explosion if battery is incorrectly replaced. Replace
only with the same or equivalent type recommended by the
manufacturer. Dispose of used batteries according to the battery
manufacturer’s instructions or accepted environmental regulatory
standards.
IND-CL370D 5
"INSTALLING THE DIMM MODULE:
A DIMM module simply snaps into a socket on the system board. Pin1 of the DIMM
module must correspond with Pin1 of the socket.
Tab
Notch
Tab
Pin1
Key
1. Pull the “tabs” which are at the ends of the socket to the side.
2. Position the DIMM above the socket with the “notches” in the module aligned with the
“keys” on the socket.
3. Seat the module vertically into the socket. Make sure it is completely seated. The tabs
will hold the DIMM in place.
IND-CL370D 6
2.3 Jumper Setting Overview
In order to select the operation modes of your system, configure and set the jumpers on
your SBC to match the needs of your applications. To set a jumper, a black plastic cap
containing metal contacts is placed over the jumper pins as designated by the required
configuration as listed in this section. A jumper is said to be “ on ” or “ 1-2 ” when the
black cap has been placed on two of its pins, as show in the figure below:
A pair of needle-nose pliers is recommended when working with jumpers. If you have any
doubts about the best hardware configuration for your application, contact your local sales
representative before you make any changes. In general, you simply need a standard
cable to make most connections.
IND-CL370D 7
FAN 1
J1
10
1
IDE1
DIMM 3
DIMM 2
DIMM 1
FAN 2
9
10
USB1
12
1
24
JP15
JP3
FDC1
1
2
JP21 JP18
JP22
DIO 1
1 3
19
10
9
8
1
3
3
PMS1
IDE2
CPU2
CPU2
CPU1
IND-CL370D
IND-CL370D 8
COM2
1
56 1
3 1
1 IrDA 5
JP8
JP5
12
VGA1
JP23
1
2
LCD1
PRT1
2.4 Jumper Locations for IND-CL370D
COM1
PKB1
KCN1
1 JP19 7
2.5 Jumper Settings Summary for IND-CL370D
JUMPER
FUNCTION
JP1~3,JP5,JP6
Select COM2 Type
JP4
Select Watch-Dog Time Out Period
JP4/JP15
Select Software / Hardware Watch-Dog
JP7
Select LCD Panel Voltage
JP8
Select Panel Type
JP18
Select M-System Address
JP19
Select Internal CPU Clock Ratio
JP16/JP17
ISP GAL Programming
JP21/JP22
Reserve For Flash Memory or SRAM
JP23
Clear CMOS Jumper
REMARK:
1. IF ONLY ONE CPU USED, MUST BE INSTALLED IN THE “CUP1” SOCKET.
2. IF DUAL CPU USED, THE TWO MUST BE THE SAME.
IND-CL370D 9
Jumper Settings for IND-CL370D
#
JP1, JP2,JP3,JP5,JP6 : Select COM2 Type
COM2 Type
JP2
JP1
JP3
JP5
JP6
1-2
1-2
1-2
1-2
1-2
RS-422
3-4
2-3
2-3
2-3
2-3
RS-485
5-6
2-3
2-3
2-3
2-3
RS-232
(Default)
RS-232(DEFAULT)
3 1
JP2
JP1
2
JP3
4
JP5
6
JP6
3 1
CPU1
CPU2
RS-422
RS-485
3
JP2
1
JP1
JP3
JP5
JP6
2
4
6
3
3
JP2
1
JP1
JP3
JP5
JP6
2
4
6
1
3
IND-CL370D 10
1
#
JP4/JP15 : Select Software / Hardware Watch-Dog
TYPE
JP4
JP15
Hardware(Default)
SEE BELOW
ON
Software
4-8
OFF
JP15
Hardware
CPU1
CPU2
Software
#
JP4 : Select Watch-Dog Time Out Period
Time Out Period
JP4
0.5 sec
1-5
1 sec
2-6
2 sec
3-7
4 sec
(Default)
CPU1
4-8
16 sec
7-11
32 sec
6-10
64 sec
5-9
JP4 (Default)
JP4
0.5 SEC
CPU2
4
1
8
5
12
9
4 SEC
1 SEC
16 SEC
2 SEC
32 SEC
64 SEC
IND-CL370D 11
4
1
8
5
12
9
#
JP19 : Select Internal CPU Clock Ratio
Internal CPU Clock Ratio
JP12
1.5
3-4
2
1-2, 3-4, 5-6, 7-8
2.5
JP19
1
2
1-2, 3-4, 7-8
3
4
3
1-2, 5-6 , 7-8
3.5
1-2, 7-8
5
7
6
8
4
3-4, 5-6, 7-8
4.5
3-4, 7-8
5
(Default)
5-6, 7-8
5.5
7-8
6
1-2, 3-4, 5-6
6.5
1-2, 3-4
7
1-2, 5-6
7.5
1-2
8
3-4, 5-6
CPU1
JP12
1.5X
2
8
1
7
4.0X
6.5X
4.5X
7.0X
2X
2.5X
5.0X
3.0X
5.5X
3.5X
6.0X
7.5X
8.0X
IND-CL370D 12
CPU2
#
JP18 : Select M-System Address
Address
JP18
CC00H~CDFFH
1-2, 9-10
D000H~C1FFH
3-4, 7-8
D400H~D5FFH
3-4, 9-10
D800H~D9FFH
5-6, 7-8
DC00H~DDFFH
5-6, 9-10
CC00H~CDFFH
9 75 3 1
JP18
D000H~D1FFH
10 8 6 4 2
D400H~D5FFH
CPU1
CPU2
D800H~D9FFH
DC00H~DDFFH
#
JP16/JP17 : GAL Programming (Factory Setting)
FUNCTION
JP16
JP17
Programming
2-3
2-3
Normal
1-2
1-2
Normal
JP16
JP17
3 2 1
Programming
IND-CL370D 13
CPU1
CPU2
#
JP23 : Select Clear CMOS Data
JP23
ON
Description
Clear CMOS
OFF
(Default)
Normal
JP23
Normal
Clear COMS
CPU1
CPU2
Note: To clear CMOS data, turn power off and set JP23: ON. Then turn power on and
wait for 10 sec and CMOS data is cleared. Be sure to power down the system and remove
this jumper after completing this operation.
#
JP7 : Select Flat Panel Voltage
Flat panel Voltage
JP7
+5V
1-2
+3.3V
2-3(Default)
+5V
3 2 1
+3.3V
3 2 1
CPU1
IND-CL370D 14
CPU2
# JP8 Select Panel Type
Panel Type
1024x600 TFT Color
1024x600 Dual Scan STN Color
1280x1024 Dual Scan STN Color
1024x768 TFT Color
800x600
Dual Scan STN Color
800x600
Dual Scan STN Color
800x600
TFT Color
800x600
TFT Color
800x600
TFT Color
1024x768 TFT Color (Sharp 18bit x2)
640x480
18-bit TFT Color
640x480
Sharp TFT Color
800x600
TFT Color
640x480
Dual Scan STN Color
1280x1024 TFT Color
1024x768 Dual Scan STN Color
16
15
14
13
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
16
15(Default)
1 3 5 7
1 3 5 7
13
12
1 3 5 7
1 3 5 7
JP8
All Off
1-2
3-4
1-2,3-4
5-6
1-2,5-6
3-4,5-6
1-2,3-4,5-6
7-8
1-2,7-8
3-4,7-8
1-2,3-4,7-8
5-6,7-8
1-2,5-6,7-8
3-4,5-6,7-8
1-2,3-4,5-6,7-8
14
1 3 5 7
CPU1
10
1 3 5 7
5
1 3 5 7
9
1 3 5 7
4
1 3 5 7
CPU2
11
1 3 5 7
8
1 3 5 7
3
1 3 5 7
IND-CL370D 15
7
1 3 5 7
2
1 3 5 7
6
1 3 5 7
1
1 3 5 7
I/O Connector Locations for IND-CL370D
# I/O CONNECTOR SUMMARY FOR IND-CL370D
CONNECTOR
J1
DIO1
Fan1/Fan2
USBC1
FUNCTION
Power LED, Key Lock, Speaker, Reset, HDD LED
Digital Input / Output Ports (Header)
Fan Connector
USB Connector (Pins)
KCN1
External Keyboard Connector (Header)
COM1
COM1 Connector (D-Sub Connector)
COM2
COM2 Connector (Header)
PKB1
PS2 Keyboard Connector (6-Pin Min-DIN)
PMS1
PS2 Mouse Connector (6-Pin Min-DIN)
VGA1
VGA Connector (D-Sub Connector)
IDE1 / IDE2
EIDE Interface Connector (Header)
FDC1
Floppy Interface Connector (Header)
LPT1
Parallel Port Connector (Header)
IND-CL370D 16
# J1:SYSTEM STATUS INDICATORS AND CONTROL CONNECTORS
#
PIN NO.
DESCRIPTION
1
Power LED+
2
GND
3
HDD LED+
4
HDD LED-
5
Reset Switch 1
6
Reset Switch 2
7
Speaker-
8
Internal Buzzer
9
NC
10
External Speaker+
1
CPU1
10
DIO1 : Digital Input / Digital Output Ports (Header)
PIN NO.
DESCRIPTION
1
IN0
2
OUT0
3
IN1
4
OUT1
5
IN2
6
OUT2
7
IN3
8
OUT3
9
Ground
10
Ground
9 7 5 3 1
DIO1
CPU1
CPU2
10 8 6 4 2
IND-CL370D 17
CPU2
#
FAN1 : Fan Connector
PIN NO.
DESCRIPTION
1
Ground
2
+12V
3
FAN Status
1
3
FAN1
CPU1
#
FAN2 : Fan Connector
PIN NO.
DESCRIPTION
1
Ground
2
+12V
3
NC
1
3
FAN2
#
CPU2
CPU1
CPU2
USBC1 : USB Connector
PIN NO.
DESCRIPTION
1
USB Port#0 VCC
2
USB Port#0 D0-
3
USB Port#0 D0+
4
Ground
5
USB Port#1 Ground
6
USB Port#1 VCC
7
USB Port#1 D1-
8
USB Port#1 D1+
9
Ground
10
USB Port#1 Ground
IND-CL370D 18
CPU1
9
CPU2
1
USBC1
10
2
#
KCN1 : 5 Pin Keyboard Cable Connector
PIN NO.
DESCRIPTION
1
Keyboard Clock
2
Keyboard Data
3
NC
4
Ground
5
Vcc
1
KCN1
CPU1
CPU2
5
#
COM1 : RS-232 Serial Port #1 Connector ( D-Sub )
PIN NO.
DESCRIPTION
1
Data Carrier Detect ( DCDA # )
2
Receive Data ( RXDA )
3
Transmit Data ( TXDA )
4
Data Terminal Ready ( DTRA # )
5
Ground ( GND )
6
Data Set Ready ( DSRA # )
7
Request To Send ( RTSA # )
8
Clear To Send ( CTSA # )
9
Ring Indicator ( RIA # )
1
5
6
9
CPU1
COM1
CPU2
IND-CL370D 19
#
COM2 : RS-232/RS-422/RS-485 Serial Port #2 Connector ( Header )
DESCRIPTION
PIN NO.
RS-232
RS-422
RS-485
1
DCDB #
TX-
DATA-
2
RXDB
TX+
DATA+
3
TXDB
RX+
NC
4
DTRB #
RX-
NC
5
Ground
Ground
Ground
6
DSRB #
NC
NC
7
RTSB #
NC
NC
8
CTSB #
NC
NC
9
RIB #
NC
NC
10
NC
NC
NC
1
2
CPU1
9
CPU2
10
COM2
#
PKB1 : PS/2 Keyboard Connector ( Mini Din )
PIN NO.
DESCRIPTION
1
PS/2 Keyboard Data
2
NC
3
Ground
4
+5V
5
PS/2 Keyboard Clock
6
NC
PKB1
CPU1
CPU2
IND-CL370D 20
#
PMS1 : PS/2 Mouse Connector ( Mini-Din )
PIN NO.
DESCRIPTION
1
PS/2 Mouse Data
2
NC
3
Ground
4
+5V
5
PS/2 Mouse Clock
6
NC
PKB1
CPU1
#
CPU2
VGA1 : VGA Connector
PIN NO.
DESCRIPTION
PIN NO.
DESCRIPTION
1
Red Color Signal
9
NC
2
Green Color Signal
10
Ground
3
Blue Color Signal
11
NC
4
NC
12
SPD
5
Ground
13
H-Sync.
6
Ground
14
V-Sync.
7
Ground
15
SPCLK
8
Ground
5
1
10
6
15
11
CPU1
CPU2
VGA1
IND-CL370D 21
#
IDE1 : Primary IDE Cable Connector ( Header )
PIN NO.
DESCRIPTION
PIN NO.
DESCRIPTION
1
Reset #
2
Ground
3
Data 7
4
Data 8
5
Data 6
6
Data 9
7
Data 5
8
Data 10
9
Data 4
10
Data 11
11
Data 3
12
Data 12
13
Data 2
14
Data 13
15
Data 1
16
Data 14
17
Data 0
18
Data 15
19
Ground
20
NC
21
DMA REQ
22
Ground
23
IOW #
24
Ground
25
IOR #
26
Ground
27
IOCHRDY
28
Ground
29
DMA ACK #
30
Ground
31
Interrupt
32
NC
33
SA1
34
NC
35
SA0
36
SA2
37
HDC CS0 #
38
HDC CS1 #
39
HDD Active #
40
Ground
39
1
40
2
CPU1
IDE1
IND-CL370D 22
CPU2
#
IDE2 : Secondary IDE Cable Connector ( Header )
PIN NO.
DESCRIPTION
PIN NO.
DESCRIPTION
1
Reset #
2
Ground
3
Data 7
4
Data 8
5
Data 6
6
Data 9
7
Data 5
8
Data 10
9
Data 4
10
Data 11
11
Data 3
12
Data 12
13
Data 2
14
Data 13
15
Data 1
16
Data 14
17
Data 0
18
Data 15
19
Ground
20
NC
21
DMA REQ
22
Ground
23
IOW #
24
Ground
25
IOR #
26
Ground
27
IOCHRDY
28
Ground
29
DMA ACK #
30
Ground
31
Interrupt
32
NC
33
SA1
34
NC
35
SA0
36
SA2
37
HDC CS0 #
38
HDC CS1 #
39
HDD Active
40
Ground
39
1
40
2
CPU1
IDE2
IND-CL370D 23
CPU2
CPU1
#
FDC1 : Floppy Cable Connector ( Header )
PIN NO.
DESCRIPTION
PIN NO.
DESCRIPTION
1
Ground
2
Density Select
3
Ground
4
NC
5
Ground
6
DS1
7
Ground
8
Index #
9
Ground
10
Motor Enable A #
11
Ground
12
Drive Select B #
13
Ground
14
Drive Select A #
15
Ground
16
Motor Enable B #
17
Ground
18
Direction #
19
Ground
20
Step #
21
Ground
22
Write Data #
23
Ground
24
Write Gate #
25
Ground
26
Track 0#
27
Ground
28
Write Protect #
29
NC
30
Read Data #
31
Ground
32
Head Side Select #
33
NC
34
Disk Change #
33
34
1
FDC1
2
CPU1
IND-CL370D 24
CPU2
CPU1
#
PRT1 : Parallel Cable Connector ( Header )
PIN NO.
DESCRIPTION
PIN NO.
DESCRIPTION
1
Strobe #
2
Auto Form Feed #
3
Data 0
4
Error #
5
Data 1
6
Initialize #
7
Data 2
8
Printer Select IN #
9
Data 3
10
Ground
11
Data 4
12
Ground
13
Data 5
14
Ground
15
Data 6
16
Ground
17
Data 7
18
Ground
19
Acknowledge #
20
Ground
21
Busy
22
Ground
23
Paper Empty
24
Ground
25
Printer Select
26
Ground
25
1
26
2
CPU1
PRT1
IND-CL370D 25
CPU2
CPU1
#
LCD1 : FLAT-PANEL INTERFACE CONNECTOR ( Header )
PIN NO.
DESCRIPTION
PIN NO.
DESCRIPTION
A1
DATA0
B1
DATA15
A2
DATA1
B2
DATA31
A3
DATA2
B3
DATA16
A4
DATA24
B4
DATA17
A5
DATA3
B5
DATA18
A6
DATA4
B6
DATA32
A7
DATA25
B7
GND
A8
GND
B8
SHFCLK
A9
DATA5
B9
GND
A10
DATA6
B10
DE
A11
DATA26
B11
FLM
A12
DATA7
B12
LP
A13
DATA8
B13
GND
A14
GND
B14
DATA19
A15
DATA27
B15
DATA20
A16
DATA9
B16
GND
A17
DATA10
B17
DATA21
A18
DATA28
B18
DATA22
A19
DATA11
B19
DATA33
A20
GND
B20
DATA23
A21
DATA12
B21
DATA34
A22
DATA29
B22
ENABLE BACKLIHT
A23
DATA13
B23
DATA35
A24
DATA30
B24
ENVCC
A25
DATA14
B25
FVCC
A26
ENAVEE
B26
FVCC
A26
B26
A1
B1
CPU1
LCD1
IND-CL370D 26
CPU2
CPU1
CHAPTER 3
AWARD BIOS SETUP
Award‘s ROM BIOS provides a built-in Setup program that allows the user to modify the
basic system configuration and settings. The modified data will be stored in a batterybacked CMOS RAM so that this data will be retained even when the power is turned off.
In general, the information saved in the CMOS RAM remains unchanged unless there is a
configuration change in the system, such as hard drive replacement or new equipment is
installed.
3.1 Running AWARD BIOS
The Setup Utility is stored in the BIOS ROM. When the power of the computer system is
turned on, a screen message appears to give you an opportunity to call up the Setup
Utility; while the BIOS will enter the Power On Self Test (POST) routines. The POST
routines perform various diagnostic checks while initializing the board hardware. If the
routines encounter an error during the tests, the error will be reported in either of the two
different ways, hear a series of short beeps or see an error message on the screen
display. There are two kinds of error: fatal or non-fatal. The system can usually continue
to boot up sequence with the non-fatal errors. Non-fatal error messages usually appear
on the screen along with the following instructions:
“ Press <F1> to RESUME ”
Write down the message and press the F1 key to continue the boot up sequence. After
the POST routines are completed, the following message appears:
“ Press DEL to enter SETUP ”
Entering Setup
Turn on the power of the computer system and press <Del> immediately. If you don’t
have the chance to respond, reset the system by simultaneously typing the <Ctrl>, <Alt>
and <Delete> keys, or by pushing the ‘ Reset ’ button on the system cabinet. You can
also restart by turning the system OFF then ON.
IND-CL370D 27
3.2 CMOS Setup Utility
To access the AWARD BIOS SETUP program, press the <DEL> key. The screen display
will appears as :
Main Program Screen
ROM PCI / ISA BIOS (2A69KL7H)
CMOS SETUP UTILITY
AWARD SOFTWARE, INC.
STANDARD CMOS SETUP
BIOS FEATURES SETUP
CHIPSET FEATURES SETUP
POWER MANAGEMENT SETUP
PNP / PCI CONFIGURATION
LOAD BIOS DEFAULTS
LOAD SETUP DEFAULTS
ESC : Quit
F10 : Save & Exit Setup
INTEGRATED PERIPHERALS
SUPERVISOR PASSWORD
USER PASSWORD
IDE HDD AUTO DETECTION
HDD LOW LEVEL FORMAT
SAVE & EXIT SETUP
EXIT WITHOUT SAVING
$ % & ' : Select Item
(Shift) F2 : Change Color
Load Setup Defaults except Standard CMOS SETUP
This screen provides access to the utility‘s various functions.
Listed below is explanation of the keys displayed at the bottom of the screen:
<ESC>
: Exit the utility.
<$
$ % & '>
: Use arrow keys $ % & ' to move cursor to your desired selection.
<F10>
: Saves all changes made to Setup and exits program.
<Shift> <F2>
: Changes background and foreground colors.
IND-CL370D 28
3.3 Standard CMOS Setup
When you select the “STANDARD CMOS SETUP” on the main program, the screen
display will appears as :
Standard CMOS Setup Screen
ROM PCI / ISA BIOS(2A69KL7H)
STANDARD CMOS SETUP
AWARD SOFTWARE, INC.
Date
Time
(mm : dd : yy) : Mon, Jan 4 1999
(hh : mm : ss) : 22: 4:40
HARD DISKS
TYPE
SIZE
CYLS
HEAD PRECOMP LANDZ SECTOR
Primary Master
: Auto
0
0
0
0
0
0
AUTO
Primary Slave
: Auto
0
0
0
0
0
0
AUTO
Secondary Master
: Auto
0
0
0
0
0
0
AUTO
Secondary Slave
: Auto
0
0
0
0
0
0
AUTO
Drive A
Drive B
: 1.44M, 3.5 in.
: None
Base Memory
:
640K
Extended Memory : 130048K
Other Memory
:
384K
Video
Halt On
: EGA/VGA
: All, But Keyboard
Total Memory :
ESC : Quit
F1 : Help
$ % & ' : Select Item
(Shift ) F2 : Change Color
MODE
131072K
PU / PD / + / - : Modify
The Standard CMOS Setup utility is used to configure the following components such as
date, time, hard disk drive, floppy drive, display and memory. Once a field is highlighted,
on-line help information is displayed in the left bottom of the Menu screen.
Set Date : Month, Date, Year.
Set Time : Hour, Minute and Second. Use 24-hour clock format (for p.m. time, add 12 to
the hour number, you would enter 4:30 p.m. as 16:30). When you select the “STANDARD
CMOS SETUP” on the main program, the screen display will appears as:
Hard Disks : There are four hard disks listed: “Primary Master”, “Primary Slave”,
“Secondary Master” and “Secondary Slave”. For each IDE channel, the first device is the
IND-CL370D 29
“Master” and the second device is “Slave”. Hard disk types from 1 to 45 are the standard
ones. To select or change the configuration, move the cursor to the desired position and
press <Page Up> or <Page Down> to change the option : (1) Press “Auto” for IDE HDD
auto detection, (2) Press “User” for user definable, and Press “None” for not installed (e.g.
SCSI). There are six categories of information that you must enter for a HDD: “CYLS.” for
(number of cylinders), “HEADS” for (number of heads), “PRECOMP” for (write precompensation), “LANDZ” for (landing zone), “SECTOR” for (number of sectors) and
”MODE“ for (Normal, LBA, LARGE and AUTO). The hard disk vendor‘s or system
manufacturer’s documentation should provide you with the drive specifications. For an
IDE hard drive, you can set “TYPE” to “Auto” or use the “IDE HDD AUTO DETECTION”
utility in the main program screen to enter the drive specifications.
Here is a brief explanation of drive specifications:
# Type : The BIOS contains a table of pre-defined drive types. Each defined drive type
has specified number of cylinders, number of heads, write compensation factor,
landing zone, and number of sectors.
Drives whose specifications do not
accommodate any pre-defined type are classified as type USER.
# Size : Disk drive capacity (approximate). Note that this size is usually slightly greater
than the size of a formatted disk given by a disk checking program.
# Cyls : Number of cylinders.
# Head : Number of heads.
# Precomp : Write pre-compensation cylinder
# Landz : Landing zone.
# Sector : Number of sectors.
# Mode : Auto, Normal, Large, or LBA.
• Auto: The BIOS automatically determines the optimal mode.
• Normal: Maximum number of cylinders, heads, and sectors supported are 1024,
16, and 63.
• Large: For drives that do not support LBA and have more than 1024 cylinders.
• LBA (Logical Block Addressing): During drive accesses, the IDE controller
transforms that data address described by sector, head, and cylinder number into
a physical block address, significantly improving data transfer rates. For drives
that greater 1024 cylinders.
The AWARD BIOS supports three HDD modes: NORMAL, LBA and LARGE.
NORMAL mode : This is a Generic Access mode in which neither the BIOS nor the IDE
controller will make any transformation during the accession. The maximum HDD size is
supported by the NORMAL mode that is 528 Megabytes.
IND-CL370D 30
LBA mode : This is a Logical Block Addressing mode which is a HDD accessing method
to overcome the 528 Megabytes restriction. The number of cylinders, heads and sectors
that are shown in setup may not be the physical number contained in the HDD.
During the HDD accessing, the IDE controller will transform the logical address that is
described by the cylinder, head and sector numbers into its own physical address as
contained inside the HDD. That is supported by the LBA mode is 8.4 Gigabytes.
LARGE mode : Some IDE HDD contains more than 1024 cylinders without the LBA
support. This access mode tricks DOS (or other OS) with the number of cylinders that is
less than 1024 by dividing it by 2. At the same time, the number of heads is multiplied by
2. A reverse transformation process will be made inside INT13H in order to access to the
right HDD address. The maximum HDD size that is supported by the LARGE mode is 1
Gigabytes.
Note : 1. To support LBA or LARGE mode, there are software located in the AWARD HD
Service Routine“INT13H”. It may fail to access a HDD with LBA or LARGE
modes selected if you are running under an Operating System that replaces the
whole INT13H service routine.
2. Entering incorrect drive specifications will result in a hard disk drive that will
function improperly or no function at all.
Drive A and Drive B : Select the correct specifications for the diskette drive(s) installed in
the computer.
None
No diskette drive installed
360K,
5.25 in
5-1/4 inch PC-type standard drive; 360 kilobyte capacity
1.2M,
5.25 in
5-1/4 inch AT-type high-density drive; 1.2 megabyte capacity
720K,
3.5in
3 1-2 inch double-sided drive; 720 kilobyte capacity
1.44M, 3.5 in
3 1-2 inch double-sided drive; 1.44 megabyte capacity
2.88M, 3.5 in
3 1-2 inch double-sided drive; 2.88 megabyte capacity
Note : 1. Not Installed could be used as an option for diskless workstations..
2. Highlight the listing after each drive name and select the appropriate entry.
Video : Select the type of primary video subsystem in your computer. The BIOS usually
detects the correct video type automatically. The BIOS supports a secondary video
subsystem, but you do not select it in Setup.
EGA/VGA
Enhanced Graphics Adapter/Video Graphics Array.
For EGA, VGA, SEGA, SVGA or PGA monitor adapters.
CGA 40
Color Graphics Adapter, power up in 40 column mode
IND-CL370D 31
CGA 80
Color Graphics Adapter, power up in 80 column mode
MONO
Monochrome adapter, includes high resolution monochrome adapters
Halt On : During the power-on-self-test (POST), the computer stops if the BIOS detects a
hardware error. You can tell the BIOS to ignore certain errors POST and continue the
boot-up process. These are the selections:
No errors
Whenever the BIOS detects a non-fatal error the system will not be
stopped and you will be prompted
All errors
The system boot will be stopped for any error that may be detected.
All, But Keyboard
The system boot will not stop for a keyboard error ; it will stop for all
Other errors.
All, But Diskette
The system boot will not stop for a disk error ; it will stop for all other
Errors.
All, But Disk/Key
The system boot will not stop for a keyboard or disk error ; it will stop
for all other errors.
IND-CL370D 32
3.4 BIOS Features Setup
When you select the “BIOS FEATURES SETUP” on the main program, the screen display
will appears as:
BIOS Features Setup Screen
ROM PCI / ISA BIOS (2A69KL7H)
BIOS FEATURES SETUP
AWARD SOFTWARE, INC
Virus Warning
CPU Internal Cache
External Cache
CPU L2 Cache ECC Checking
: Disabled
: Enabled
: Enabled
: Enabled
Report No FDD for WIN 95: NO
Video BIOS Shadow
: Enabled
C8000-CBFFF Shadow : Disabled
CC000-CFFFF Shadow : Disabled
Quick Power On Self Test
Boot Sequence
Swap Floppy Drive
Boot Up Floppy Seek
Boot Up NumLock Status
Gate A20 Option
Typematic Rate Setting
Typematic Rate (Chars Sec.)
Typematic Delay (M/Sec)
Security Option
PS/2 mouse function control
D0000-D3FFF Shadow
: Enabled
D4000-D7FFF Shadow
: A,C,SCSI D8000-DBFFF Shadow
: Disabled DC000-DFFFF Shadow
: Enabled
: On
: Normal
: Disabled
:6
: 250
: Setup
: Enabled
PCI/VGA Palette Snoop
Assign IRQ For VGA
MPS Version Control For OS
OS Select For DRAM >64MB
: Disabled
: Disabled
: 1.4
: Non-OS/2
ESC
F1
F5
F6
F7
: Disabled
: Disabled
: Disabled
: Disabled
: Quit
$%&' : Select Item
: Help
PU /PD /+/ - : Modify
: Old Values (Shift) F2
: Color
: Load BIOS Defaults
: Load Setup Defaults
The following explains the options for each of the features as listed in the above menu:
Virus Warning : The default setting of the Virus Warning is “Disabled”. When it is
enabled, any attempt to write the boot sector and partition table will halt the system and
cause a warning message to appear. If this happens, you can use an anti-virus utility on a
virus free, bootable floppy diskette to reboot, to clean and to investigate your system.
IND-CL370D 33
CPU Internal Cache : The default setting is “Enabled”. This setting enables the CPU
internal cache.
External Cache : The default setting is “Enabled”. This setting enables the external
cache.
CPU L2 Cache ECC Checking : The default setting is “Enabled”. When you select
Enabled, memory checking is enable when the external cache contains ECC SRAMs.
Processor Number Feature : The default setting is “Enabled”.
Pentium !!! CPU serial number.
Enable to show the
Quick Power On Self Test : The default setting is “Enabled”. This speeds up the Power
On Self Test (POST) by skipping some items that are normally checked during the full
POST. If your system is functioning normally, you can choose this feature to speed the
booting process.
Boot Sequence : The default setting is “C:,A:”; the other options are “CDROM, C, A” and
“A, C” and “C, CDROM, A”. This setting determines where the computer looks first for an
operating system, the hard disk, or the floppy disk, … or other. The BIOS will load the
operating system from the disk drives in the sequence as selected here.
Swap Floppy Drive : The default setting is “Disabled”. This setting gives you an option to
swap A and B floppy disks. Normally, the floppy drive A is the one at the end of the cable
and drive B is at the other end. If you set this option to “Enabled”, the Drive A will function
as Drive B, and vice-versa under the DOS.
Boot Up Floppy Seek : The defaults setting is “Enabled”. When enabled, the BIOS will
check whether there is a floppy disk drive installed.
Boot Up Numlock Status : The default setting is “On”. If set “Off”, the cursor controls will
function on the numeric keypad.
Gate A20 Option : The default setting is “Normal”. This is the optimal setting for the CPU
card. The other option is “Fast”.
Typematic Rate Setting : The default setting is “Disabled”. If enabled, you can set the
typematic rate and typematic delay.
IND-CL370D 34
Typematic Rate (Chars/Sec) : This setting controls the speed at which the system
registers the repeated keystrokes. The choices range from 6 to 30 Chars/Sec. The
default setting is “6” Chars/Sec.
Typematic Delay (Msec) : This setting controls the time between the display of the first
and second characters. There are four delay choices: 250ms, 500ms, 750ms and
1000ms. The default setting is “250” ms.
Security Option : This setting controls the password in the main screen. The options are
“Setup” and “System”. Select “Setup” and it will protect the Setup Utility settings from
being tampered with. Select “System” if you want to use password feature every time the
system boots up. The default setting is “Setup”. You can create your password by using
the “SUPERVISOR/USER PASSWORD” utility on the main program screen.
PS/2 mouse function control : The default setting is “Enabled”. If your system has a
PS/2 mouse port and you install a serial pointing device, select Disabled.
PCI/VGA Palette Snoop : The default setting is “Disabled”. Set to “Enable” if any ISA
adapter card installed requires VGA palette snooping.
Assign IRQ For VGA : Select “Disabled” only if your VGA Card requires an assigned
IRQ.
MPS Version Control For OS: Select the Multi Processor Specification version.
OS Select For DRAM > 64MB : The default setting is “Non-OS2”. Set to “OS2” if the
system memory size is greater than 64MB and the operating system is OS/2.
Report No FDD For Win95 : Select “Yes” to release IRQ6 when the system contains no
floppy drive, for compatibility with Windows 95 logo certification. In the Integrated
Peripherals screen select “Disabled” for the Onboard FDC Controller field.
Video BIOS Shadow : The default setting is “Enabled” which will copy the VGA display
card BIOS into system DRAM to improve performance.
C8000-CBFFF Shadow to DC000-DFFFF Shadow : The default setting for the shadow
feature is “Disabled”. When enabled, the ROM with the specific address is copied into
system DRAM. It will also reduce the size of memory available to the system. After you
have made your selection in the BIOS FEATURES SETUP, press the <ESC> key to go
IND-CL370D 35
back to the main program screen.
3.5 Chipset Features Setup
When you select the “CHIPSET FEATURES SETUP” on the main program, the screen
display will appears as:
Chipset Features Setup Screen
ROM PCI / ISA BIOS (2A69KL7H)
CHIPSET FEATURES SETUP
AWARD SOFTWARE, INC.
AUTO Configuration
EDO DRAM Speed Selection
EDO CASx# MA Wait State
EDO RASx# Wait State
SDRAM RAS-to-CAS Delay
SDRAM RAS Precharge Time
SDRAM CAS latency Time
SDRAM Precharge Control
DRAM Data Integrity Mode
System BIOS Cacheable
Video BIOS Cacheable
Video RAM Cacheable
8 Bit I /O Recovery Time
16 Bit I /O Recovery Time
Memory Hole At 15M-16M
Passive Release
Delayed Transaction
AGP Aperture Size (MB)
: Enabled
: 60 ns
:2
:2
:3
:3
: Auto
: Disabled
: Non-ECC
: Disabled
: Disabled
: Disabled
:3
:2
: Disabled
: Enabled
: Disabled
: 64
Spread Spectrum
CPU Host Clock (CPU/PCI)
CPU Warning Temperature
Current CPUA Temp.
Current CPUB Temperature
Current CPUAFAN Speed
Current CPUBFAN Speed
Current Vdd (V)
Current Vin1 (V)
Current Vin2 (V)
Current Vin3 (V)
ESC
F1
F5
F6
F7
: Disabled
: 66/33 MHz
: Disabled
: 21°C/69°F
: 21°C/69°F
: 0 RPM
: 0 RPM
: 4.90 V
: 3.32 V
: 11.78V
: 2.03V
: Quit
$%&': Select Item
: Help
PU /PD /+/ - : Modify
: Old Values (Shift) F2
: Color
: Load BIOS Defaults
: Load Setup Defaults
Auto Configuration : The default setting is “Enabled” which will optimize DRAM timing
automatically depending on whether the DRAM used is either 70ns or 60ns. The other
option is “Disabled” which allows you to change DRAM timing manually.
EDO DRAM Speed Selection : The value in this field must correspond to the speed of
the DRAM installed in your system. DO NOT change the default setting of this field, as
IND-CL370D 36
determined by the system board manufacturer for the installed DRAM. This value is
access speed, so a lower value means a faster system.
EDO CASx# MA Wait State : The system board designer may elect to insert a wait state
into EDO CASx# Memory addressing cycle, if necessary. CAS stands for Column
Address Select.
EDO RASx# Wait State : The system board designer may elect to insert a wait state into
EDO RASx# Memory addressing cycle, if necessary. RAS stands for Row Address
Select.
SDRAM RAS to CAS Delay : This field lets you insert a timing delay between the CAS
and RAS strobe signals, used when DRAM is written to, read from, or refreshed. Fast
gives faster performance; and Slow gives more stable performance. This field applies
only when synchronous DRAM is installed in the system.
SDRAM RAS Precharge Time : If insufficient number of cycles is allowed for the RAS to
accumulate its charge before DRAM refresh, the refresh may be incomplete and the
DRAM may fail to retain data. Fast gives faster performance; and Slow gives more stable
performance. This field applies only when synchronous DRAM is installed in the system.
SDRAM RAS Precharge Control : When Enabled, all CPU cycles to SDRAM result in an
All Banks Precharge Command on the SDRAM interface.
SDRAM CAS Latency Time : When synchronous DRAM is installed, the number of clock
cycles of CAS latency depends on the DRAM timing. Do not reset this field from the
default value specified by the system designer.
DRAM Data Integrity Mode : Select Parity or ECC (error-correcting code), according to
the type of installed DRAM.
System BIOS Cacheable : Selecting Enabled allows caching of the system BIOS ROM at
F0000h-FFFFFh, resulting in better system performance. However, if any program writes
to this memory area, a system error may result.
Video BIOS Cacheable : Selecting Enabled allows caching of the video BIOS ROM at
C0000h to C7FFFh, resulting in better video performance. However, if any program writes
to this memory area, a system error may result.
Video RAM Cacheable : Selecting Enabled allows caching of the video BIOS ROM at
IND-CL370D 37
C0000h to C7FFFh, resulting in better video performance. However, if any program writes
to this memory area, a memory access error may result.
8/16 Bit I/O Recovery Time : The I/O recovery mechanism adds bus clock cycles
between PCI-originated I/O cycles to the ISA bus. This delay takes place because the
PCI bus is so much faster than the ISA bus. These two fields let you add recovery time (in
bus clock cycles) for 16-bit and 8-bit I/O.
Memory Hole At 15M-16M : The default setting is “Disabled”. Set to “Enabled” when the
system memory size is equal to or greater than 16M bytes, then the physical memory
address from 15M to 16M will be passed to PCI or ISA. Thus, there will be 1M Bytes hole
in your system memory. This option is designed for some OS with special add-on cards
which need 15M-16M memory space.
Passive Release : The default setting is “Enabled”. When Enabled, CPU to PCI bus
accesses are allowed during passive release. Otherwise, the arbiter only accepts another
PCI master access to local DRAM.
Delayed Transaction : The default setting is “Disabled”. The chipset has an embedded
32-bit posted write buffer to support delay transactions cycles. Select Enabled to support
compliance with PCI specification version 2.1.
AGP Aperture Size (MB) : Select the size of the Accelerated Graphics Port (AGP)
aperture. The aperture is portion of the PCI memory address range dedicated for
graphics memory address space. Host cycles that hit the aperture range are forwarded to
the AGP without any translation. See www.agpforum.org for APG information.
Spread Spectrum : When the system clock generator pulses, the extreme values of the
pulse generate excess EMI. Enabling pulse spectrum spread modulation changes the
extreme values from spikes to flat curves, thus reducing EMI,
CPU Host Clock (CPU/PCI) : Select default or select a timing combination for the CPU
and the PCI bus. When set to default, the BIOS uses the actual CPU and PCI bus clock
values.
CPU Warning Temperature : The default setting is “Disabled”. Select the combination of
lower and upper limits for the CPU temperature. If the CPU temperature extends beyond
either limit, any warning mechanism programmed into your system will be activated.
IND-CL370D 38
Current CPUA Temp. : The itself of CPU is “21oC/69oF”. This field displays the current
system temperature, if your computer contains a monitoring system.
Current CPUB Temperature : The itself of CPU is “21oC/69oF”. This field displays the
current CPU temperature, if your computer contains a monitoring system.
Current CPUAFAN Speed : This field displays the current speed of the CPU A fan, if your
computer contains a monitoring system.
Current CPUBFAN Speed : This field displays the current speed of the CPU B fan, if your
computer contains a monitoring system.
Current Vdd(V), Current Vin1(V), Current Vin2(V) and Current Vin3(V): This field
detects the voltage input of the board, if your computer contains a monitoring system.
After you have made your selections in the CHIPSET FEATURES SETUP, press the
<ESC> key to go back to the main program screen.
IND-CL370D 39
3.6 Power Management Setup
The “Power Management Setup” controls the CPU card‘s “Green” features. When you
select the “POWER MANAGEMENT SETUP” on the main program, the screen display
will appears as:
Power Management Setup Screen
ROM PCI / ISA BIOS (2A69KL7H)
POWER MANAGEMENT SETUP
AWARD SOFTWARE, INC.
Power Management
PM Control by APM
Video Off Method
Video Off After
MODEM Use IRQ
Doze Mode
Standby Mode
Suspend Mode
HDD Power Down
Throttle Duty Cycle
PCI / VGA Act-monitor
PowerOn by Ring
IRQ 8 Break Suspend
: User Define
: Yes
: DPMS
: Standby
:3
: Disabled
: Disabled
: Disabled
: Disabled
: 62.5%
: Disabled
: Disabled
: Disabled
** Reload Global Timer Events **
IRQ [3 - 7, 9 - 15], NMI
: Disabled
Primary IDE 0
: Disabled
Primary IDE 1
: Disabled
Secondary IDE 0
: Disabled
Secondary IDE 1
: Disabled
Floppy Disk
: Disabled
Serial Port
: Disabled
Parallel Port
: Disabled
ESC
F1
F5
F6
F7
: Quit
: Select Item
$%&'
: Help
PU /PD/+/- : Modify
: Old Values ( Shift ) F2 : Color
: Load BIOS Defaults
: Load Setup Defaults
Power Management : This setting controls the System Doze Mode, Standby Mode and
Suspend Mode Timer features. There are four options namely -User Define : Allows you to customize all power saving timer features.
Optimize
: This is the recommended setting for general use.
Test/Demo : This is for test/demonstration purpose.
Disable
: Disable the power management features.
PM Control by APM : The default setting is “No”. If it is set to “Yes”, the system BIOS will
IND-CL370D 40
wait for APM‘s prompt before it enters any PM mode.
Note : If your system power management is controlled by APM and there is a task
running, the APM will not prompt the BIOS to enter any power saving mode after
time out.
Video Off Method : This setting controls the Video off method in power saving mode.
The default setting is “DPMS”. This setting disables V/H SYNC signals and blanks the
screen into the power saving mode. Other options are “Blank Screen” and “V/H
SYNC+Blank”.
Video Off After : As the system moves from lesser to greater power-saving modes, select
the mode in which you want the monitor to blank. The default setting is “Standby”.
MODEM Use IRQ : Name the interrupt request (IRQ) line assigned to the modem (if any)
on your system. Activity of the selected IRQ always awakens the system. The default
setting is “3”.
Doze Mode : Options are from “1 Min.” to “1 Hour” and “Disable”. The system speed will
change from turbo to slow and the video signal will be suspended, if no Power
Management events occur for a specified length of time. Full power function will return
when a Wake-Up event is detected.
Standby Mode : Options are from “1 Min” to “1 Hour” and “Disable”. The system speed
will change from turbo to slow and the video signal will be suspended, if no Power
Management events occur for a specified length of time. Full power function will return
when a Wake-Up event is detected.
Suspend Mode : Option are from “1 Min” to “1 Hour” and “Disable”. The CPU clock will be
stopped and the video signal will be suspended, if no Power Management events occur
for a specified length of time. Full power function will return when a Wake-Up event is
detected.
HDD Power Down : Options are from “1 Min.” to “15 Min.” and “Disable”. The IDE hard
drive will spin down if it is not accessed within a specified length of time.
Throttle Duty Cycle : When the system enters Doze mode, the CPU clock runs only part
of the time. You may select the percent of time that the clock runs.
IND-CL370D 41
PCI/VGA Act-Monitor : When Enabled, any video activity restarts the global timer for
Standby mode. The default setting is “Disabled”.
PowerOn by Ring : When “Enabled”, an input signal on the serial Ring Indicator (RI) line
awakens the system from soft off state.
IRQ8 Clock Event : You can turn On or Off monitoring of IRQ8 (the Real Time Clock) so
it does not awaken the system from Suspend mode.
Reload Global Timer Events : When Enabled, an event occurring on each device listed
below restarts the global time for Standby mode.
IRQ [3-7, 9-15], NMI
Primary IDE 0
Primary IDE 1
Secondary IDE 0
Secondary IDE 1
Floppy Disk
Serial Port
Parallel Port
After you have made your selection in the POWER MANAGEMENT SETUP, press the
<ESC> key to go back to the main program screen.
IND-CL370D 42
3.7 PnP/PCI Configuration
Both the ISA and PCI buses on the CPU card use system IRQs & DMAs. You must set up
the IRQ and DMA assignments correctly through the PnP/PCI Configuration Setup utility,
otherwise the SBC will not work properly.
When you select the “PnP/PCI CONFIGURATION” on the main program, the screen
display will appears as:
PnP/PCI Configuration Setup Screen
ROM PCI / ISA BIOS (2A69KL7H)
PNP/PCI CONFIGURATION
AWARD SOFTWARE, INC.
PNP OS Installed
: No
Resources Controlled By : Manual
Reset Configuration Data : Disabled
IRQ-3
IRQ-4
IRQ-5
IRQ-7
IRQ-9
IRQ-10
IRQ-11
IRQ-12
IRQ-14
IRQ-15
DMA-0
assigned to
assigned to
assigned to
assigned to
assigned to
assigned to
assigned to
assigned to
assigned to
assigned to
assigned to
: PCI/ISA
: PCI/ISA
: PCI/ISA
: PCI/ISA
: PCI/ISA
: PCI/ISA
: PCI/ISA
: PCI/ISA
: PCI/ISA
: PCI/ISA
: PCI/ISA
PnP
PnP
PnP
PnP
PnP
PnP
PnP
PnP
PnP
PnP
PnP
DMA-1
DMA-3
DMA-5
DMA-6
assigned to
assigned to
assigned to
assigned to
: PCI/ISA
: PCI/ISA
: PCI/ISA
: PCI/ISA
PnP
PnP
PnP
PnP
DMA-7
assigned to : PCI/ISA PnP
Used MEM base addr
: N/A
Assign IRQ For USB
: Enabled
ESC
F1
F5
F6
: Quit
: Select Item
$%&'
: Help
PU /PD/+/- : Modify
: Old Values ( Shift ) F2 : Color
: Load BIOS Defaults
F7
: Load Setup Defaults
PNP OS Installed : Select Yes if the system operating environment is Plug-and-Play
aware (e.g., Windows 95).
IND-CL370D 43
Resources Controlled By : The defaults setting is “Auto” which will control all IRQs and
DMAs automatically. The other option is “Manual” which allows you to control IRQs and
DMAs individually.
Reset Configuration Data : The default setting is “Disabled”. When set to “Enabled”, the
content of the ESCD block in flash BIOS will be cleared.
IRQ Assigned to and DMA Assigned to : If there is a legacy ISA device which uses an
IRQ or a DMA, set the corresponding IRQ or DMA to “ Legacy ISA”; otherwise you should
set to PCI/ISA PnP.
Used MEM base addr : Because BIOSes fail to auto detect some specific ISA Legacy
cards with requested memory space below 1M address, we have added the “Used MEM
base addr” and “Used MEM Length” to support such kind of cards. Now, with these two
functions, users can define where the used memory address is located and its length of
the legacy area correspondingly. Based on this, BIOS will skip the UMB area that is used
by the legacy device to avoid the memory space conflict. For example, if the user select
“D000” for “Used MEM base addr” and “16K” for “Used MEM Length” that means the
address region D0000H-D3FFFH is occupied by ISA legacy cards, and BIOS will not
assign this region for PnP/ISA and PCI cards.
Assign IRQ For USB : To use USB feature, set the IRQ to “Enabled”. The default setting
is “Disabled”.
IND-CL370D 44
3.8 Load Bios Defaults
The BIOS defaults have been set by the manufacturer which represent settings provided
with the minimum requirements for your system to operate. “ Load BIOS Defaults “ loads
the troubleshooting default values permanently recorded in the BIOS ROM. These
settings are non-optimal and turn off all high performance features.
The Standard CMOS Setup screen is not affected. To use this feature, highlight it on the
main screen and press <Enter>. A line will appear asking if you want to load the BIOS
default values. Press the <Y> key and the <Enter>. The default settings will load. Press
<N> if you do not want to proceed.
ROM PCI / ISA BIOS (2A69KL7H)
CMOS SETUP UTILITY
AWARD SOFTWARE, INC.
STANDARD CMOS SETUP
INTEGRATED PERIPHERALS
BIOS FEATURES SETUP
SUPERVISOR PASSWORD
CHIPSET FEATURES SETUP
USER PASSWORD
POWER MANAGEMENT SETUP
IDE HDD AUTO DETECTION
PNP / PCI CONFIGURATION
HDD LOW LEVEL FORMAT
Load Bios Default (Y/N)? Y
LOAD BIOS DEFAULTS
SAVE & EXIT SET\\UP
LOAD SETUP DEFAULTS
ESC : Quit
F10 : Save & Exit Setup
EXIT WITHOUT SAVING
$ % & ' : Select Item
(Shift) F2 : Change Color
Time, Date, Hard Disk Type
3.9 Load Setup Defaults
“LOAD SETUP DEFAULTS” loads the optimal settings which are stored in BIOS ROM.
The defaults loaded affect only the BIOS Features Setup, Chipset Features Setup, Power
Management Setup, PnP/PCI configuration setup and Integrated Peripherals Setup.
There is no effect on the Standard CMOS Setup. To use this feature, highlight the entry
on the main screen and press <Enter>. A line will appear on the screen asking if you want
to load the Setup default values. Press the <Y> key and then press the <Enter> key if you
want to load the Setup defaults. Press <N> if you do not want to proceed.
IND-CL370D 45
3.10 Integrated Peripherals
When you select the “INTEGRATED PERIPHERIALS” on the main program, the screen
display will appears as:
Integrated Peripherals Setup Screen
ROM PCI / ISA BIOS (2A69KL7H)
INTEGRATED PERIPHERALS
AWARD SOFTWARE, INC.
IDE HDD Block Mode
IDE Primary Master PIO
IDE Primary Slave PIO
IDE Secondary Master PIO
IDE Secondary Slave PIO
IDE Primary Master UMDA
IDE Primary Slave UMDA
IDE Secondary Master UMDA
IDE Secondary Slave UMDA
On-Chip Primary PCI IDE
On-Chip Secondary PCI IDE
USB Keyboard Support
Init display First
KBC input clock
: Disabled
: Auto
: Auto
: Auto
: Auto
: Disabled
: Disabled
: Disabled
: Disabled
: Enabled
: Enabled
: Disabled
: PCI Slot
: 8 MHz
Onboard FDC Controller
Onboard Serial Port 1
Onboard Serial Port 2
UART Mode Select
: Enabled
: 3F8 / IRQ4
: 2F8 / IRQ3
: Normal
Onboard Parallel Port
Parallel Port Mode
ESC
F1
F5
F6
F7
: 378/IRQ7
: SPP
: Quit
$%&'
: Select Item
: Help
PU /PD/+/- : Modify
: Old Values ( Shift ) F2 : Color
: Load BIOS Defaults
: Load Setup Defaults
IDE HDD Block Mode : The Default setting is “Disabled”. This feature enhances the hard
disk performance by making multi-sector transfers instead of one sector per transfer.
Most IDE drives, except the very early design, have Block Mode transfer feature.
IDE Primary Master PIO, IDE Primary Slave PIO, IDE Secondary Master PIO, IDE
Secondary Slave PIO : There are four IDE PIO (Programmed Input/Output) fields let you
set a PIO mode (0-4) for each of the four IDE devices that the onboard IDE interface
supports. Modes 0 through 4 provide successively increased performance. In Auto
IND-CL370D 46
mode, the system automatically determines the best mode for each device.
IDE Primary Master UMDA, IDE Primary Slave UMDA, IDE Secondary Master UMDA,
IDE Secondary Slave UMDA : Ultra DMA/33 implementation is possible only if your IDE
hard drive supports it and the operating environment includes a DMA driver (Window 95
OSR2 or a third-party IDE bus master driver). If your hard drive and your system software
both support Ultra DMA/33, select Auto to enable BIOS support.
On-Chip Primary/Secondary PCI IDE : The default setting is “Enabled”. This option
enables the onboard Primary /Secondary PCI IDE controller.
USB Keyboard Support : Select Enabled if your system contains a Universal Serial Bus
(USB) controller and you have a USB keyboard.
Init Display First : Initialize the AGP video display before initializing any other display
device on the system Thus the AGP display becomes the primary display.
KBC input clock : The system designer must select the correct frequency for the
keyboard controller input clock. Do not change this value from default value.
Onboard FDC Controller : Select Enabled if your system has a floppy disk controller
(FDC) installed on the system board and you wish to use it. If you install an add-in FDC or
the system has no floppy drive, select Disabled in this field.
Onboard Serial Port 1 / 2: These options are used to assign the I/O addresses for the
two on-board serial ports. They can be assigned as follows:
Auto
3F8 / IRQ4 (Serial Port 1 Default)
2F8 / IRQ3 (Serial Port 2 Default)
3E8 / IRQ4
2E8 / IRQ3
Disabled (Disable the onboard serial port)
UART Mode Select: Select an operating mode for the second serial port. They can be
assigned as follows:
Normal RS-232C serial port
IrDA
Infrared Port
ASKIR
Amplitude Shift Keyed Infrared Port
IND-CL370D 47
RxD, TxD Active : Consult your IR peripheral documentation to select the correct setting
of the TxD and RxD signals.
Onboard Parallel Port : This option is used to assign the I/O address for the onboard
parallel port. The options are “378/IRQ7” (defaults), “278/IRQ7”, “3BC/IRQ7” and
“Disabled” (disable the onboard parallel port). Note: Printer port always use IRQ7 when
set to “378/IRQ7” or “278/IRQ7”, or from “3BE/IRQ7” to “Enabled”.
Parallel Port Mode: There are four options “Normal” (default), “ECP”, “ECP/EPP” and
“EPP/SPP”. Change the mode from “Normal” to the enhanced mode only if your
peripheral device can support it. When it is set to ECP mode, the printer port always uses
DMA3.
3.11 Supervisor/User Password
The “SUPERVISOR/USER PASSWORD” utility sets the password. The SBC is shipped
with the password disabled. If you want to change the password, you must first enter the
current password, then at the prompt -- enter your new password. The password is case
sensitive, and can be up to 8 alphanumeric characters. Press <Enter> after you have
finished typing in the password. At the next prompt, confirm the new password by retyping it and pressing <Enter> again. When you are done, the screen automatically
reverts to the main screen. Remember that when you use this feature, the “Security
Option” line in BIOS FEATURES SETUP will determine when entering the password will
be required.
To disable the password, press the <Enter> key instead of entering a new password
when the “Enter Password” in the dialog box appears. A message will appear confirming
that the password is disabled.
If you have set both supervisor and user password, only the supervisor password allows
you to enter the BIOS SETUP PROGRAM.
Note : If you forget your password, the only way to solve this problem is to discharge the CMOS
memory.
IND-CL370D 48
3.12 IDE HDD AUTO DETECTION
If your system has an IDE hard drive, you can use this utility to detect its parameters and
enter them into the Standard CMOS Setup automatically.
If the auto-detected parameters displayed do not match the ones that should used for your
hard drive, do not accept them. Press the <N> key to reject the values and enter the
correct ones manually on the Standard CMOS Setup screen.
Note : If you are setting up a new hard disk drive (nothing on it) that supports LBA mode,
more than one line will appear in the parameter box, choose the line that lists LBA
for an LBA drive.
Do not choose Large or Normal if the hard disk drive is already fully formatted when you
install it, choose the mode “HDD Low Level Format” to format it.
3.13 Save & Exit Setup
Select this option and press the <Enter> key to save the new setting information in the
CMOS memory and continue with the booting process.
3.14Exit Without Saving
Select this option and press the <Enter > key to exit the Setup Utility without recording any
new values or changing old ones.
IND-CL370D 49
APPENDIX A
USE WATCH-DOG TIMER
If you enable the watch-dog, the hardware timer will reboot your system if your software
encounters an unexpected error, or stops responding. The watch-dog timer period (from
enable to reset) was decided by the jumper setting of watch-dog time out period. Please
refer to the chapter on jumper settings and connectors. During the period of enable to
reset, you could still cancel reset by disabling the watch-dog.
EX.1: For DOS
Execute the DEBUG.EXE file under DOS, Then key-in i443. The system will reboot
automatically according to the time-out you set.
For example, if you want to Set 4 seconds for the time-out, you should set JP2 (4-8)
EXAMPLE 1
Enable
C:\DOS> DEBUG
-i443
Disable
C:\DOS>DEBUG
-i43
EX.2: For assembly Language
Enable
:
:
:
MOV DX, 443H
IN AL, DX
:
:
Disable
:
:
:
IN AL, 43H
:
IND-CL370D 50
APPENDIX B
TECHNICAL REFERENCE
I/O PORT ADDRESS MAP
Address
Function
000 - 01F
DMA Controller #1
020 - 03F
Interrupt Controller #1
040 - 05F
Timer Chip
043
Disable Watch-Dog Times Operation (Read)
060 - 06F
Keyboard Controller
070 - 07F
Read Time Clock/NMI Mask
080 - 09F
DMA Page Register
0A0 - 0BF
Interrupt Controller #2
0C0 - 0DF
DMA Controller #2
0F0 - 0F1
Clear/Reset Math Coprocessor
1F0 - 1F7
Hard Disk Controller
200 - 210
Game Port
278 - 27F
Parallel Port #2
2E8 - 2EF
Serial Port #4 (COM 4)
2F8 - 2FF
Serial Port #2 (COM 2)
300 - 31F
Prototype Card/Streaming Tape Adapter
360 - 36F
PC Network
378 - 3FF
Parallel Port #1
380 - 38F
SDLC #2
3A0 - 3AF
SDLC #1
3B0 - 3BF
MDA Video Card (Including LPTO)
3C0 - 3CF
EGA Card
3D0 - 3DF
CGA Card
3E8 - 3EF
Serial Port #3 (COM 3)
3F0 - 3F7
Floppy Disk Controller
3F8 - 3FF
Serial Port #1 (COM 1)
443
Enable Watch-dog Timer Operation (read)
IND-CL370D 51
MEMORY ADDRESS MAP
Address Range (Hex)
000000H - 09FFFFH
0A0000H - 0BFFFFH
0C0000H - 0EFFFFH
0F0000H - 0FFFFFH
0100000H - 7FFFFFFFH
Description
640 KB of Conventional RAM
128 KB of Video RAM
256 KB of I/O Expansion ROM
64 KB of System BIOS ROM
1 MB ~ 128MB of User RAM
DMA CHANNELS
CHANNEL
DMA 0
DMA 1
DMA 2
DMA 3
DMA 4
DMA 5
DMA 6
DMA 7
Function
Reserved
Reserved
Floppy Disk Controller
ECP Parallel Port
Cascade for DMA #1
Reserved
Reserved
Reserved
INTERRUPT CONTROLLER
IRQ
IRQ 0
IRQ 1
IRQ 2
IRQ 3
IRQ 4
IRQ 5
IRQ 6
IRQ 7
IRQ 8
IRQ 9
IRQ 10
IRQ 11
IRQ 12
IRQ 13
IRQ 14
IRQ 15
NMI
Function
System timer output
Keyboard
Cascade for INTC #2
Serial port #2
Serial port #1
Parallel port #2
Floppy disk controller
Parallel port #1
Real time clock
Software redirected to INT 0AH (IRQ 2)
Reserved
Reserved
PS/2 Mouse
Math Coprocessor (CPU Internal)
Primary Hard disk
Secondary Hard Disk
Parity Check Error
IND-CL370D 52
GLOSSARY
8-Bit Bus – Data is transmitted to expansion slots and other components on the bus only
along 8 parallel data lines.
10Base-T – It is a 10Mbps IEEE 802.3/Ethernet standard that uses unshielded twisted
pair cable specification. 10Base-T supports network configurations using the CSMA/CD
access method over a twisted pair transmission system, up to a maximum of 100 meters
in length without the use of a repeater.
16-Bit Bus or ISA Bus – Data is transmitted along either 8 or 16 data lines, depending on
what kind of adapter card is used in an expansion slot. ISA is the abbreviation of Industry
Standard Architecture.
100Base-TX – It is a 100Mbps IEEE 802.3/Ethernet standard that uses UTP cable. Also
called Fast Ethernet, it uses RJ-45 connectors and EIA/TIA T568B pinning. Maximum
cable length from hub to node is 100 meters without a repeater.
Adapter – It is also called an expansion board, expansion card, or adapter card. It is a
small circuit board that is installed in the expansion slots on the motherboard. You can
install a particular adapter that connects a new device such as internal modem, sound
card, or scanner.
AGP (Accelerated Graphic Port) – is a 32-bit, 66MHz external frequency data bus that
transmits data at a maximum of 528MB/s (4 times the speed of PCI transmission); this
design improves the speed of large video transactions.
BIOS (Basic Input /Output System) – This is a chip on the motherboard that contains
the instructions for starting up, or booting, the computer, and more.
Bus – Data that travels in a computer along the circuits on the motherboard are called
buses. Although three main buses (data bus, address bus, and control bus) manage the
computer’s operation, these are often collectively called the bus. The bus carries
instructions back and forth between the CPU and other devices in the system. ISA, EISA,
VL-Bus, PCI and SCSI are examples of PC buses.
bps – Bits per second. Also often preceded by k (kilo/thousands), kbps – Kilobits per
second, and M (mega/million), Mbps – Megabits per second.
IND-CL370D 53
Bps – Bytes per second. (1 Byte is 8 Bits) kbps – kilobytes per second. Mbps –
megabytes per second.
Bus Mastering – A method of transferring data through a bus in which the device takes
over the bus and directly controls the transfer of data to the computer’s memory. Bus
mastering is a method of Direct Memory Access (DMA) transfer.
Cache – Cache RAM is an extra holding area for program instructions that need to be
frequently used by the CPU or swapped in and out of RAM. Your CPU can usually access
those instructions from the cache more quickly than it could from a hard disk or even
RAM, so a cache helps the system work more efficiently. Most systems sold today offer
either 256K or 512K cache.
CPU (Central Processing Unit) – executes all commands and controls the flow of data,
providing the “ brain ” that enables the PC to calculate and perform the operations like
sorting information more quickly than a human could. The CPU makes perhaps the
greatest contribution to a PC’s speed and power. Note: Any additional information is
subject to change without prior revision from the supplier.
Table 1 -- CPU Speeds
Processor type
486DX2
486DX4
Pentium
Pentium MMX
Pentium Pro
Pentium II
Celeron
Pentium III
Speed ratings (MHz)
66, 80
75, 100, 120
75, 90, 100, 120, 133, 150, 166, 200
166, 200, 233
150, 166, 180, 200
233, 266, 300, 333, 350, 400, 450
300, 333, 366, 400, 433, 466, 500
450, 500, 550
EIDE (Enhanced IDE) – It is a hard drive controller that enables your system to be able to
handle fast hard disk drives at a speed of 10MBPS.
EISA or MCA Bus – Data is transmitted along 32 data lines to adapter cards designed
specifically to work with the 32-bit buses. MCA expansion slots cannot accept 8-bit or 16bit adapter cards. EISA stands for Extended Industry Standard Architecture, while MCA
stands for MicroChannel Architecture. MCA is architecture used in IBM Microcomputer.
Expansion slots – Expansion slots are plug-in connectors that allow you to insert
IND-CL370D 54
additional circuit boards that attach to the rest of the PC through special circuitry called the
bus. By inserting the right circuit board -- usually called an adapter or an expansion
card – you can increase the resolution and the number of colors used by the display, or
you can transform your PC into a machine for recording and playing music.
Fast SCSI – The common nomenclature associated with SCSI-2, the second generation
of SCSI offering mandatory parity checking improvements over SCSI-1.
IDE (Integrated Drive Electronics) – It was developed from ST-506 type hard drive
interface, utilizes BIOS INT 13h hard drive secondary software and supports two hard
drives (Master and Slave). Do not need extra software to drive since it is directly initiated
in the BIOS. Data transfer rate is 4.1 Mbps. Take note that this interface cannot support
other drives like the CD-ROM drive.
IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers) – It is an international
professional society that issues its own standards, and is a member of ANSI and ISO.
Popular known standards is:
IEEE802.3 – is a physical layer standard for 10Base-T,
100Base-T, Ethernet, and StarLAN.
IEEE802.5 – is a physical layer standard for Token Ring.
IEEE802.11 – is a physical layer standard for Wireless
LAN/WAN compatibility.
IEEE802.12 – is a physical layer standard for 100VG AnyLAN.
LAN (Local Area Network) – A data communications network spanning a limited area. It
provides communications between three or more computers and peripherals, in most
cases using a high-speed media as it’s backbone.
Keyboard – This is a component that comes in direct contact for you with your PC. The
mechanism of keyboard converts a key cap’s movement into a signal sent to the
computer. The most common key mechanisms are “ capacitate ” and “ hard contact ”.
Capacitate keyboard has a spring that causes the plastic and the metal plunger to move
near two pads that have large plates (plated in tin, nickel, and copper). These pads are
connected to the keyboard’s printed circuit board. Hard contact keyboard causes the key
cap to collapse a foam rubber dome that presses against a sheet of plastic on the bottom
of which is metallic area connected to the rest of the keyboard’s
circuit board.
LDCM (LANDesk Client Manager) – With the help of LDCM, PCs that are either stand-
IND-CL370D 55
alone or on a network can not escape the control of a system administrator. Alerts will be
sent to the user if an abnormal condition is encountered in a PC. It allows the
administrator to give each PC a thorough check-up. Additionally, this feature is available
to multiple OS’s on the market today. LDCM Key Features include the following : ①Health
Monitoring ②Real-Time Alerting ③Remote Accessibility ④Extensive Instrumentation.
This is a product from Intel.
Mouse – Xerox Corporation first developed the concept of a pointing device, something a
computer user could move with his or her hand, causing a corresponding move on screen.
Because of its size and tail like cable, the device was named a mouse. Apple Computer
made the mouse a standard feature of its Macintosh computers, and with the popularity of
Windows, a mouse is becoming standard equipment on all PCs, as well. The “ Trackball
” provides an easier method of navigating than with the keyboard. “ Digitizing tablets ”
are popular with architects and engineers who must translate precise movements of a pen
into lines on the screen. “ Touch screens “, on which you press either your finger or
special light pen to control the software, are too tiring to use for any length of time.
MMX
 – CPU’s with MMX technology are optimized to run multimedia application, and
therefore, offer faster multimedia playback than standard CPUs.
Parallel port – Parallel ports (labeled LPT1, LPT2, and so on) are usually used for
plugging in printers. The term Centronics port – has been almost synonymous with
printer port. Although a serial port can also be used to send data from a PC to some
models of printers, the parallel port is faster. A serial port sends data one bit at a time
over a single one-way wire; a parallel port can send several bits of data across eight
parallel wires simultaneously. Take note that a serial connection sends a single bit, a
parallel port send an entire byte.
PCI Bus (Peripheral Component Interconnect) – It is a connection slot in a
motherboard that supports 32-bit bus transfer rates. The now standard PCI Local Bus
carries data along at least 32 lines, that is, at least 32 bits at a time. Local bus
computer designs add special buses so the CPU can communicate directly with key
components like the monitor, resulting in much better performance. You should look for
PCI local bus capabilities in any system you buy, especially PCI local bus video (which
helps the monitor display more quickly).
POST (Power-On Self-Test) – is the first thing your PC does when you turn it on, and it’s
your first warning of trouble with any of the components. When the POST detects an error
from the display, memory, keyboard, or other basic components, it produces an error
IND-CL370D 56
warning in the form of a message on your display and — in case your display is part of the
problem — in the form of a series of beeps.
RAM (Random Access Memory) – consists of a bank of chips that act as “ working
memory ”, holding program instructions and data only while your computer’s on. Unless
the instructions and data are saved to a disk, RAM forgets them when you turn your
computer off. RAM is measured in megabytes (M). Most computers today come with
64M of RAM, though some sell with only 32M installed. There are a few different types
and speeds of RAM, as well. One of the most prominent today is Extended Data Output (
EDO ) RAM, but an even faster type of RAM that has just hit the market is called
SyncDRAM.
Serial port – Serial ports are also sometimes called COM (short for COMmunications)
ports, and are labeled COM1, COM2, and so on. It is simple in concept: one line to send
data, another line to receive data, and a few other lines to regulate how data is sent over
the other two lines – uses range from commonplace modems and printers to plotters and
burglar alarms. The most common use for serial port is with a mouse or modem. The
reason for this is that a serial port is not a very efficient way to transfer data, so little data
that speed is not crucial, and perfect for modems because, with current technology, phone
lines cannot transport more than one signal at a time anyway. The serial port is often
referred to as an RS-232 port.
SCSI (Small Computer System Interface) – An intelligent bus for transmitting data
commands between a variety of devices. There are many implementations of SCSI,
including Fast SCSI, Wide SCSI, Fast Wide SCSI, Fast-20, and Fast-40.
SCSI-2 – The second generation of SCSI; includes many improvements to SCSI-1,
including Fast SCSI, Wide SCSI, and mandatory parity checking.
SCSI-3 – The third generation of SCSI; introduces Fast-20 and Fast-40 as
improvements to the parallel bus. The standard also includes a number of specifications
for high-speed serial bus architectures such as SSA, Fiber Channel, and IEEE 1394. Also
known as Ultra SCSI.
Ultra SCSI – Also known as SCSI-3, is a third generation SCSI standard that introduced
parallel bus speed improvements (FAST-20 and FAST-40), an the miniaturized 68-pin
micro connector.
USB (Universal Serial Bus) – USB consolidates serial, parallel, keyboard, mouse, and
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game ports into one asynchronous and isochronous communications port with bandwidth
for data transfer speeds up to 12 Mbps without termination. By daisy-chaining USB hubs,
up to 127 I/O devices can be connected to one USB port on the PC. USB is completely
plug-and play meaning peripherals can be correctly detected and configured automatically
as soon as they are connected.
UTP (Unshielded Twisted Pair) – Twisted pair cable with neither individual nor overall
shielding. Twisted Pair are two wires twisted together to reduce susceptibility to RF
crosswalk.
VGA (Video Graphics Array) – A video adapter that supports 640x480 pixels color
resolution. The Windows OS provides medium text & graphics standard.
VL-Bus – It is also known as Local Bus; this is an I/O interface that is directly connected
to and dependant on the system CPU. The VL-Bus is an abbreviation of VESA Local Bus.
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