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Owner’s Manual
PowerVerter
®
DC-to-AC
Inverter/Charger
Invert:
Charge:
Input
12 VDC
120V, 60 Hz. AC
1111 W. 35th Street, Chicago, IL 60609 USA
Customer Support: (773) 869-1234
www.tripplite.com
Output
120V, 60 Hz. AC
12 VDC
Quiet Mobile Power
Congratulations! You've purchased the most advanced, feature-rich Inverter/Charger designed for recreational applications. Tripp Lite
PowerVerter Inverter/Chargers are the quiet alternative to generators—with no fumes, fuel or noise to deal with! You get AC electricity
anywhere and anytime you need it: away from shore power, rolling down the highway, dry camping in majestic back country or overnighting
at a non-electric site. Your Tripp Lite Inverter/Charger provides your appliances, equipment and electronics with utility- or generator-supplied
AC electricity (filtered through premium ISOBAR® surge protection) whenever available. In addition, it automatically powers your craft's 12V
system and recharges your connected battery bank—doing what traditional converter/chargers do. Whenever power blackouts, brownouts or
high voltages occur, your Inverter/Charger automatically switches over to inverting battery output to power connected AC equipment.
Better for Your Equipment
Premium Protection Levels
• Built-In ISOBAR Surge Protection
• Automatic Overload Protection
®
Ideal Output for All Loads
• Frequency-Controlled Output
• Automatic Load Switching
• Balanced Load Sharing
Better for Your Batteries
Faster Battery Recharge
• High-Amp, 3-Stage Battery Charger (adjustable)
Critical Battery Protection
• Battery Charge Conserver (Load Sense)
• Battery Temperature Sensing
• High-Efficiency DC-to-AC Inversion
Better for You
Quiet, Simple, Maintenance-Free Operation
• Multi-Function Lights & Switches
• Automatic Generator Starting
• Moisture-Resistant Construction*
Contents
Safety
2
Battery Connection
10
Feature Identification
3
AC Input/Output Connection
11
Operation
4-5
Service/Maintenance
11
Configuration
5-7
Troubleshooting
12
Battery Selection
8
Warranty/Warranty Registration
12
Mounting
9
Français
13
* Inverter/Chargers are moisture-resistant, not waterproof.
Copyright © 2007. All rights reserved. PowerVerter® is a registered trademark of Tripp Lite.
Important Safety Instructions
SAVE THESE INSTRUCTIONS!
This manual contains important instructions and warnings that should be followed during the installation, operation and storage of all Tripp Lite
Inverter/Chargers.
Location Warnings
• Although your Inverter/Charger is moisture resistant, it is NOT waterproof. Flooding the unit with water will cause it to short circuit
and could cause personal injury due to electric shock. Never immerse the unit, and avoid any area where standing water might
accumulate. Mounting should be in the driest location available.
• Leave a minimum of 2" clearance at front and back of the Inverter/Charger for proper ventilation. To avoid automatic Inverter/Charger
shutdown due to overtemperature, any compartment that contains the Inverter/Charger must be properly ventilated with adequate
outside air flow. The heavier the load of connected equipment, the more heat will be generated by the unit.
• Do not mount unit with its front or rear panel facing down (at any angle). Mounting in this manner will seriously inhibit the
unit's internal cooling, eventually causing product damage not covered under warranty.
• Do not install the Inverter/Charger directly near magnetic storage media, as this may result in data corruption.
• Do not install near flammable materials, fuel or chemicals.
Caution: If your Inverter/Charger is mounted in a location that lacks proper ventilation, the surface of the metal
enclosure could become hot. Allow to cool before touching. If the Inverter/Charger must be installed in a location
that lacks proper ventilation, mount the unit in such a way that the top of the metal enclosure will not be subjected
to accidental contact during operation.
Battery Connection Warnings
• Multiple battery systems must be comprised of batteries of identical voltage, age, amp-hour capacity and type.
• Because explosive hydrogen gas can accumulate near batteries if they are not kept well ventilated, your batteries should not be
installed (whether for a mobile or stationary application) in a “dead air” compartment. Ideally, any compartment would have some
ventilation to outside air.
• Sparks may result during final battery connection. Always observe proper polarity as batteries are connected.
• Do not allow objects to contact the two DC input terminals. Do not short or bridge these terminals together. Serious personal injury
or property damage could result.
Equipment Connection Warnings
Use of this equipment in life support applications where failure of this equipment can reasonably be expected to cause the
failure of the life support equipment or to significantly affect its safety or effectiveness is not recommended. Do not use this
equipment in the presence of a flammable anesthetic mixture with air, oxygen or nitrous oxide.
• You may experience uneven performance results if you connect a surge suppressor, line conditioner or UPS system to the output of
the Inverter/Charger.
• Tripp Lite recommends wiring the AC output to a GFCI protector (ground fault circuit interrupter).
• The main grounding lug should be connected to the vehicle chassis with an 8 AWG wire (minimum).
Operation Warnings
• Your Inverter/Charger does not require routine maintenance. Do not open the device for any reason. There are no user serviceable parts inside.
• Potentially lethal voltages exist within the Inverter/Charger as long as the battery supply and/or AC input are connected. During any
service work, the battery supply and AC input connection (if any) should therefore be disconnected.
• Do not connect or disconnect batteries while the Inverter/Charger is operating in either inverting or charging mode. Operating Mode
Switch should be in the DC OFF position. Dangerous arcing may result.
Caution: These models have a failsafe AC pass-through feature where the AC output will be live (if AC input is
available) even though the operating mode switch is set to DC OFF.
2
Feature Identification
Identify the premium features on your specific model and quickly locate instructions on how to maximize their use.
1
2
3
4
5
6
Configuration DIP Switches: optimize Inverter/Charger
operation depending on your application. See Configuration
section for setting instructions.
Operating Mode Switch: controls Inverter/Charger operation.
The “AUTO/REMOTE” setting ensures your equipment
receives constant, uninterrupted AC power. It also enables the
Inverter/Charger to be remotely monitored and controlled with
an optional remote module (Tripp Lite model APSRM4, sold
separately). The “CHARGE ONLY” setting allows your batteries
to return to full charge faster by turning the inverter off which
halts battery discharging. The "DC OFF" setting de-energizes
the unit and connects AC OUT to AC IN. See Operation section
for setting instructions.
“LINE”, “INVERT”, “LOAD” LEDs: show whether the
Inverter/Charger is operating from AC line power or DC battery
power. It also warns you if the connected equipment load is too
high. See Operation section for instructions on reading the
indicator lights.
"BATT VOLTAGE" LEDs: these three lights will turn ON in
several sequences to show approximate battery level. See
Operation section for instructions on reading the indicator lights.
DC Power Terminals: connect to your battery terminals. See
Battery Connection section for instructions.
Hardwire AC Input/Output Terminals: securely connect the
Inverter/Charger to vehicle or facility electrical system input and
recommended GFCI protected output. See AC Input/Output
Connection section for instructions.
11
8
4
1
3
2
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
Resettable Circuit Breakers: protect your Inverter/Charger
against damage due to output overload or charger failure. See
Operation section for resetting instructions.
Remote Control Module Connector: allows remote monitoring
and control with an optional module (Tripp Lite model
APSRM4, sold separately). See remote module owner’s manual
for connection instructions.
Battery Charge Conserver (Load Sense) Dial: conserves
battery power by setting the low-load level at which the
Inverter/Charger’s inverter automatically shuts off. See
Configuration section for setting instructions.
Main Ground Lug: properly grounds the Inverter/Charger to
vehicle grounding system or to earth ground. See Configuration
section for instructions.
Multi-Speed Cooling Fan: quiet, efficient fan prolongs equipment
service life.
Hardwire AC Input/Output Cover Plate
Battery Temperature Sensing Connector: prolongs battery life
by adjusting charge based on battery temperature. Use with
cable (included on select models). See Configuration section for
details.
Automatic Generator Start Connector: automatically cycles
generator based on battery voltage. Use with user-supplied
cable. See Configuration section for details.
Ignition Switch Control Jack: use to connect the Inverter to
your vehicle's ignition switch (with user supplied cable) in order
to automatically control the Inverter with the vehicle's ignition
switch. See Operation section.
9
13
Side Mounted,
Not Shown
14
Side Mounted,
Not Shown
15
Side Mounted,
Not Shown
10
7
“FOR USE WITH COPPER WIRE ONLY”
HOT
IN
NEUTRAL
IN
GROUND
OUT
HOT
OUT
NEUTRAL
5
6
IN
GROUND
OUT
12
Front View
Rear View
Note: features and location may vary by model.
3
Operation
Switch Modes
“INV” (Inverting) Yellow LED: This light will
ILLUMINATE
CONTINUOUSLY
whenever
connected equipment is receiving battery-supplied,
inverted AC power (in the absence of a
utility/generator source or in over/under voltage
situations). This light will be off when AC power is supplying the
load. This light will BLINK to alert you if the load is less than the
Battery Charge Conserver (Load Sense) setting.
“LOAD” Red LED: This red light will
ILLUMINATE CONTINUOUSLY whenever the
inverter is functioning and the power demanded by
connected appliances and equipment exceeds 100%
of load capacity. The light will BLINK to alert you
when the inverter shuts down due to a severe overload or
overheating. If this happens, turn the operating mode switch “DC
OFF”; remove the overload and let the unit cool. You may then turn
the operating mode switch to either “AUTO/REMOTE” or
“CHARGE ONLY” after it has adequately cooled. This light will be
off when AC power is supplying the load.
“BATT VOLTAGE” LEDs: If the operating mode switch is in the
"AUTO/REMOTE" or "Charge Only" position, the LEDs indicate
the approximate charge level and voltage of your connected battery
bank and alert you to several fault conditions. See Chart for charge
and voltage levels.
After configuring, mounting and connecting your Inverter/Charger,
you are able to operate it by switching between the following
operating modes as appropriate to your situation:
AUTO/REMOTE: Switch to this mode when you
need constant, uninterrupted AC power for connected
appliances and equipment. The Inverter/Charger will
continue to supply AC power to connected equipment
and to charge your connected batteries while utilityor generator-supplied AC power is present. Since the
inverter is ON (but in Standby) in this mode, it will automatically
switch to your battery system to supply AC power to connected
equipment in the absence of a utility/generator source or in
over/under voltage situations. “AUTO/REMOTE” also enables an
optional remote control module (Tripp Lite model APSRM4, sold
separately) to function when connected to the unit.
CHARGE ONLY: Switch to this mode when you
are not using connected appliances and equipment in
order to conserve battery power by disabling the
inverter. The Inverter/Charger will continue to
supply AC power to connected equipment and
charge connected batteries while utility- or generator-supplied AC
power is present. However, since the inverter is OFF in this mode, it
WILL NOT supply AC power to connected equipment in the
absence of a utility/generator source or in over/under voltage
situations.
DC OFF: Switch to this mode to prevent the inverter
from drawing power from the batteries. Use this
switch to automatically reset the unit if it shuts down
due to overload or overheating. First remove the
excessive load or allow the unit to sufficiently cool
(applicable to your situation). Switch to “DC OFF”, then back to
“AUTO/REMOTE” or “CHARGE ONLY” as desired. If unit fails to
reset, remove more load or allow unit to cool further and retry. Use
an optional remote control module (Tripp Lite model APSRM4, sold
separately) to reset unit due to overload and overtemperature.
CAUTION: The unit will always pass AC power through to
connected equipment if plugged into a live AC outlet, regardless
of the position of the Operating Mode Switch.
AUTO/ DC CHARGE
REMOTE OFF ONLY
AUTO/ DC CHARGE
REMOTE OFF ONLY
LED Function with Switch in “AUTO/REMOTE” or
“CHARGE ONLY” Position
Approximate Battery Charge Level*
LEDs
Battery Capacity
Illuminated
(Charging/Discharging)
91%–Full
1 Green
81%–90%
2 Green & Yellow
61%–80%
3 Yellow
41%–60%
4 Yellow & Red
5 Red
21%–40%
6 All three lights off
1%–20%
7 Flashing red
0% (Inverter
shutdown)**
AUTO/ DC CHARGE
REMOTE OFF ONLY
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
* Charge levels listed are approximate. Actual conditions vary
depending on battery condition and load. ** Inverter shutdown protects battery against damage
due to excessive discharge.
Indicator Lights
Your Inverter/Charger (as well as an optional Tripp Lite Remote
Control Module, sold separately) is equipped with a simple,
intuitive, user-friendly set of indicator lights that display a wide
variety of operating details.
“LINE Green LED”: If the operating mode switch
is set to “AUTO/REMOTE”, this light will
ILLUMINATE CONTINUOUSLY when your
connected equipment is receiving continuous AC
power supplied from a utility/generator source.
If the operating mode switch is set to “CHARGE ONLY”, this light
will BLINK to alert you that the unit’s inverter is OFF and will NOT
supply AC power in the absence of a utility/generator source or in
over/under voltage situations.
Fault Condition
LEDs
Illuminated
1 All three lights
flash slowly*
2 All three lights
flash quickly**
Fault
Condition
Excessive discharge
(Inverter shutdown)
Overcharge (Charger
shutdown)
1
2
*Approximately ½ second on, ½ second off. See Troubleshooting section. Inverter shutdown
protects battery against damage due to excessive discharge.** Approximately ¼ second on, ¼
second off. Charger shutdown protects battery against damage due to overcharge. May also
indicate a battery charger fault exists. See Troubleshooting section.
4
Operation
(continued)
Resetting Your Inverter/Charger to Restore AC Power
Your Inverter/Charger may cease supplying AC power or DC charging power in order to protect itself from overload or to protect your
electrical system. To restore normal functioning:
Overload Reset: Switch operating mode switch to “DC OFF” and remove some of the connected electrical load (ie: turn off some of the
AC devices drawing power which may have caused the overload of the unit). Wait one minute, then switch operating mode switch back to
either “AUTO/REMOTE” or “CHARGE ONLY.”
Configuration
Set Configuration DIP Switches
Using a small tool, set the Configuration DIP Switches (located on the front panel, see diagram) to optimize Inverter/Charger operation
depending on your application.
B4
B3
B2
B1
A4
A3
A2
A1
OUTPUT C/B 12A
Group B Dip Switches
Group A Dip Switches
Group A DIP Switches
Using a small tool, configure your Inverter/Charger by setting the four Group A DIP Switches (located on the front panel of your unit; see
diagram) as follows:
A1
Select Battery Type—REQUIRED
A2
A4 A3 A2 A1
Charger Inhibit
A4 A3 A2 A1
CAUTION: The Battery Type DIP Switch setting must
match the type of batteries you connect, or your batteries
may be degraded or damaged over an extended period of
time. See “Battery Selection” for more information.
Battery Type
Gel Cell (Sealed) Battery
Wet Cell (Vented) Battery
A4 A3
Select Low AC Input Voltage
Point for Switching to Battery—
OPTIONAL*
Voltage
105V
95V
85V
75V
Switch Position
Up
Down (factory setting)
Function
Charger Inhibited
Charger Enabled
A4 A3 A2 A1
A4 A3 A2 A1
Switch Position
Up
Down (factory setting)
A4 A3 A2 A1
A4 A3 A2 A1
Switch
Position
#A4 Up & #A3 Up
#A4 Up & #A3 Down
#A4 Down & #A3 Up
#A4 Down & #A3 Down
(factory setting)
* Most of your connected appliances and equipment will perform adequately when your Inverter/Charger’s Low AC Voltage Input Point
(DIP Switches #3 and #4 of Group A are set to 95V. However, if the unit frequently switches to battery power due to momentary low
line voltage swings that would have little effect on equipment operation, you may wish to adjust these settings. By decreasing the Low
AC Voltage Point, you will reduce the number of times your unit switches to battery due to voltage swings.
5
Configuration
(continued)
Group B DIP Switches
B2 B1
Select AC Sharing—OPTIONAL
Your Inverter/Charger features a high-output battery charger that can draw a significant amount of AC power from your utility source or
generator when charging at its maximum rate. If your unit is supplying its full AC power rating to its connected heavy electrical loads at the
same time as this high charging occurs, the AC input circuit breaker could trip, resulting in the complete shut off of pass-through utility power.
To reduce the chance of tripping this breaker, Inverter/Chargers may be set to automatically limit the charger output. This keeps the sum of the
unit’s AC load and charge power within the circuit breaker rating. This charger-limiting function has two settings, allowing you to reduce
the charger’s draw lower and lower, as needed, if the AC input circuit breaker keeps tripping under the normal AC loads of devices you have
connected downline from the unit. The figures show how to set your DIP Switches for charger-limiting.
Select Battery Charger-Limiting Points—OPTIONAL
(factory setting)
“Most Limiting” (#B2 & #B1 Up):
B4 B3 B2 B1
Charger-limiting takes effect the moment
any 120V AC load is applied; charger
output falls gradually from full output at
no 120V load passing through to no output
at full load.
“Less Limiting” (#B2 Up & #B1 Down):
B4 B3 B2 B1
Charger-limiting begins when the
Inverter/Charger’s load reaches 33% of the
Inverter/Charger’s load rating. Charger
output falls gradually from full output at
33% of the Inverter/Charger’s load rating to about 40% of full output
at full load.
Select Equalize Battery Charge—OPTIONAL
This DIP Switch is momentarily engaged
B4 B3 B2 B1 Reset
to begin the process of equalizing the
charge state of your battery’s cells by timelimited overcharge of all cells. This can
Equalize
extend the useful life of certain types of
batteries; consult with your battery’s manufacturer to determine if
your batteries could benefit from this process. The charge
equalization process is automatic; once started, it can only be
stopped by removing the input power.
Setting Procedure
• Move to “Equalize” (DOWN) position for three seconds.
• Move to “Reset” (UP) position and leave it there. This is the
factory default setting.
B3
CAUTION: Do not leave DIP switch #B3 in the down position after beginning process. Battery
charge equalization should only be performed in strict accordance with the battery manufacturer’s
instructions and specifications.
Set Battery Charging Amps—OPTIONAL
Check the nameplate of your unit for the
available high- and low-charging amp B4 B3 B2 B1
options. By setting on high charging, your
batteries will charge at maximum speed and
the 12V DC system loads of your RV will be
well supplied. When setting on low charging, you lengthen the life
of your batteries (especially smaller ones).
B4
Battery Charge
Reset
Equalize
Switch Position
Up (factory setting)
Down—momentarily
Battery Charger
Low Charge Amps
High Charge Amps
Switch Position
Up
Down (factory setting)
CAUTION: When switching to the High Charge Amp setting, the user must ensure that the
amp hour capacity of their battery system exceeds the amperage of the High Charge Amp
setting or the batteries may be damaged or degraded.
6
Configuration
(continued)
Set Battery Charge Conserver (Load Sense) Dial—OPTIONAL
In order to save battery power, the unit’s inverter automatically shuts off in the absence of any power demand from
connected equipment or appliances (the electrical load). When the unit detects a load, it automatically turns its inverter
function on. Users may choose the minimum load the Inverter/Charger will detect by adjusting the Battery Charge Conserver
Dial (see diagram). Using a small tool, turn the dial clockwise to lower the minimum load that will be detected, causing the
inverter to turn on for smaller loads. When the dial is turned fully clockwise, the inverter will operate even when there is no
load. Turn the dial counterclockwise to increase the minimum load that will be detected, causing the inverter to stay off until the new
minimum load is reached.
Note: the factory setting for the dial is fully clockwise. However, based on the threshold load to which you’d like the inverter to respond, you should adjust the dial counterclockwise to reduce its
sensitivity until the inverter is active only when connected equipment or appliances are actually in use.
Connect Remote Control—OPTIONAL
Model features a 8-conductor telephone style receptacle on the front panel for use with an optional remote control module (Tripp Lite model
APSRM4, sold separately). The remote module allows the Inverter/Charger to be mounted in a compartment or cabinet out of sight, while
operated conveniently from within the living area or control panel of your RV. See instructions packed with the remote control module.
Connect Battery Temperature Sensing Cable—OPTIONAL
The battery temperature sensing function prolongs battery life by adjusting the charge float voltage level based on battery temperature.
Connect the sensor cable (the cable, included with select models, has an RJ style connector on one end and a black sensor on the other) to
the RJ style jack located on the side of the Inverter/Charger labeled “Remote Temp. Sense.” With user-supplied electrical or duct tape, affix
the sensor to the side of the battery below the electrolyte level. Make sure that nothing, not even tape, comes between the sensor and the
side of the battery. To guard against false readings due to ambient temperature, place the sensor between batteries, if possible, or away from
sources of extreme heat or cold. If the sensor cable is not used, the Inverter/Charger will charge according to its default 25º C values.
Utilize Automatic Generator Starter Capability—OPTIONAL
Pin Configuration
2 - Common
Model includes a RJ type modular jack on the side panel labeled “Generator Start”. Attach to vehicle generator
3 - N.C.
(Normally Closed)
ON/OFF switching mechanism with user-supplied cable (see Pin Configuration Diagram). Once attached, the
4 - N.O.
interface will allow the Inverter/Charger to automatically switch a vehicle generator on when connected battery
(Normally Open)
voltage levels are low (11.6 VDC) and switch it off when battery voltage levels are high (14.1 VDC).
Connect Ignition Switch Control Jack—OPTIONAL
This jack (located on the Inverter’s side panel) can be used to connect the Inverter to your vehicle's ignition switch in order to automatically
control the Inverter. This connection is optional; the Inverter will function without this connection.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Battery Selection
Select Auxiliary Battery Type
(if any)
Select “Deep Cycle” batteries to receive optimum performance from your Inverter/Charger. Do not use ordinary car or starting batteries or batteries rated in
Cold Cranking Amps (CCA). If the batteries you connect to the Inverter/Charger are not true Deep Cycle batteries, their operational lifetimes may be significantly
shortened. If you are using the same battery bank to power the Inverter/Charger as well as DC loads, your battery bank will need to be appropriately
sized (larger loads will require a battery bank with a larger amp-hour capacity) or the operational lifetimes of the batteries may be significantly shortened.
Batteries of either Wet-Cell (vented) or Gel-Cell /Absorbed Glass Mat (sealed) construction are ideal. 6-volt “golf cart”, Marine Deep-Cycle or
8D Deep-Cycle batteries are also acceptable. You must set the Inverter/Charger’s Battery Type DIP Switch (see Configuration section for more
information) to match the type of batteries you connect or your batteries may be degraded or damaged over an extended period of time. In
many cases, the vehicle battery may be the only one installed. Auxiliary batteries must be identical to the vehicle batteries if they are
connected to each other.
Match Battery Amp-Hour Capacity to Your Application
Select a battery or system of batteries that will provide your Inverter/Charger with proper DC voltage and an adequate amp-hour capacity
to power your application. Even though Tripp Lite Inverter/Chargers are highly-efficient at DC-to-AC inversion, their rated output capacities
are limited by the total amp-hour capacity of connected batteries and the support of your vehicle’s alternator if the engine is kept running.
Example
Tools
• STEP 1: Determine Total Wattage Required
¼" Drill
Add the wattage ratings of all equipment you will connect to your
Inverter/Charger. Wattage ratings are usually listed in equipment manuals or on
nameplates. If your equipment is rated in amps, multiply that number times AC
utility voltage to determine watts. (Example: a ¼ in. drill requires 2½ amps.
2½ amps × 120 volts = 300 watts .)
Orbital Sander
300W
+
220W
Cordless Tool Charger
+
20W
=
540W
=
540W
Appliances
Note: Your Inverter/Charger will operate at higher efficiencies at about 75% - 80% of nameplate rating.
Blender
Color TV
300W
+
140W
Laptop Computer
+
100W
• STEP 2: Determine DC Battery Amps Required
Divide the total wattage required (from step 1, above) by the battery voltage
(12) to determine the DC amps required.
540 watts ÷ 12V = 45 DC Amps
• STEP 3: Estimate Battery Amp-Hours Required (for operation unsupported
by the alternator)
Multiply the DC amps required (from step 2, above) by the number of hours you
estimate you will operate your equipment exclusively from battery power before
you have to recharge your batteries with utility- or generator-supplied AC power.
Compensate for inefficiency by multiplying this number by 1.2. This will give
you a rough estimate of how many amp-hours of battery power (from one or
several batteries) you should connect to your Inverter/Charger.
45 DC Amps × 5 Hrs. Runtime
× 1.2 Inefficiency Rating = 270 Amp-Hours
NOTE! Battery amp-hour ratings are usually given for a 20-hour discharge rate. Actual amp-hour capacities are less
when batteries are discharged at faster rates. For example, batteries discharged in 55 minutes provide only 50% of
their listed amp-hour ratings, while batteries discharged in 9 minutes provide as little as 30% of their amp-hour ratings.
• STEP 4: Estimate Battery Recharge Required, Given Your Application
You must allow your batteries to recharge long enough to replace the charge
lost during inverter operation or else you will eventually run down your
batteries. To estimate the minimum amount of time you need to recharge your
batteries given your application, divide your required battery amp-hours (from
step 3, above) by your Inverter/Charger’s rated charging amps (see the unit's
nameplate for the available charging current).
NOTE! For Tripp Lite Inverter/Chargers providing 1000 watts or less of continuous AC power, a full-size battery
will normally allow sufficient power for many applications before recharging is necessary. For mobile applications,
if a single battery is continuously fed by an alternator at high idle or faster, then recharging from utility or generator
power may not be necessary. For Tripp Lite Inverter/Chargers over 1000 watts used in mobile applications, Tripp Lite
recommends you use at least two batteries, if possible fed by a heavy-duty alternator anytime the vehicle is running.
Tripp Lite Inverter/Chargers will provide adequate power for ordinary usage within limited times without the
assistance of utility or generator power. However, when operating extremely heavy electrical loads at their peak
in the absence of utility power, you may wish to “assist your batteries” by running an auxiliary generator or vehicle
engine, and doing so at faster than normal idling.
8
270 Amp-Hours ÷ 55 Amps
Inverter/Charger Rating = 5 Hours Recharge
Mounting
WARNING! Mount your Inverter/Charger BEFORE DC battery and AC power
connection. Failure to follow these instructions may lead to personal injury
and/or damage to the Inverter/Charger and connected systems.
Tripp Lite manufactures a variety of different Inverter/Chargers with a variety of different mounting options for use in vehicular or non-vehicular
applications. Tripp Lite recommends permanent mounting of your Inverter/Charger. User must supply mounting hardware and is responsible
for determining if the hardware and mounting surface are suitable to support the weight of the Inverter/Charger. Contact Tripp Lite if you
require further assistance in mounting your Inverter/Charger.
Note: When operating a marine model in a marine application, refer to the accompanying marine owners'
manual addendum.
The Inverter must be located in an enclosed compartment, shielded from outside weather conditions.
A Using the measurements from the diagram, install two user-supplied ¼" (6 mm) fasteners into a rigid horizontal surface, leaving the
heads slightly raised. B Slide the Inverter/Charger forward over the fasteners to engage the mounting feet molded on the front of the
Inverter/Charger cabinet. Install and tighten additional user-supplied ¼" (6 mm) fasteners into the mounting feet molded on the rear and
sides of the Inverter/Charger cabinet. The rear feet extend beyond the unit’s cabinet to provide for adequate ventilation space behind the
cooling fan(s); they should not be removed.
The polycarbonate cabinet and mounting feet of your Inverter/Charger are durable enough to allow for wall mounting as well, if your
vehicle compartment requires this configuration. For wall mounting, the control panel of the Inverter/Charger must face to the side, not up
or down.
Allow 2" minimum front and rear clearance for adequate ventilation.
M
5.57 in.
(14.16 cm.)
9.59 in.
(24.35 cm.)
B
5.87 in.
9.59 in.
(14.91 cm.)
(24.35 cm.)
5.57 in.
A
5.87 in.
(14.16 cm.)
(14.91 cm.)
1.64 in.
(4.15 cm.)
Note: Cabinets may have different front panel features, but all mount as per the figure above.
9
Battery Connection
Connect your Inverter/Charger to your batteries using the following procedures:
• Connect DC Wiring: Though your Inverter/Charger is a high-efficiency converter of electricity, its rated output
capacity is limited by the length and gauge of the cabling running from the battery to the unit. Use the shortest
length and largest diameter cabling (maximum 2/0 gauge) to fit your Inverter/Charger’s DC Input terminals.
Shorter and heavier gauge cabling reduces DC voltage drop and allows for maximum transfer of current. Your
Inverter/Charger is capable of delivering peak wattage at up to 200% of its rated continuous wattage output for
brief periods of time. Heavier gauge cabling should be used when continuously operating heavy draw equipment
under these conditions. Tighten your Inverter/Charger and battery terminals to approximately 3.5 Newton-meters
of torque to create an efficient connection and to prevent excessive heating at this connection. Insufficient
tightening of the terminals could void your warranty. Note: the unit's DC connectors may be either threaded
studs or butt splices, depending on the model.
Maximum Recommended Cable Length
Watts
6
500
15 ft
700
11 ft
1000
8 ft
2000
4 ft
Wire Gauge (AWG)
4
2
0
25 ft
39 ft
62 ft
18 ft
28 ft
44 ft
12 ft
20 ft
31 ft
6 ft
10 ft
16 ft
DC Connectors
00 (2/0)
79 ft
56 ft
39 ft
20 ft
• Connect Ground: Using a #8 AWG wire or larger directly connect the Main Ground Lug to the vehicle’s chassis or earth ground. See the Feature
Identification section to locate the Main Ground Lug on your specific Inverter/Charger model. All installations must comply with national and
local codes and ordinances.
• Connect Fuse: NEC (National Electrical Code) article 551 requires that you connect all of your Inverter/Charger’s positive DC Terminals directly
to a UL-listed fuse(s) and fuse block(s) within 18 inches of the battery. The fuse's rating must equal or exceed the Minimum DC Fuse Rating shown
on your Inverter/Charger's nameplate. See diagrams below for proper fuse placement.
WARNING! • Failure to properly ground your Inverter/Charger to a vehicle’s chassis or earth
ground may result in a lethal electrical shock hazard.
• Never attempt to operate your Inverter/Charger without a battery or battery bank.
• Observe proper polarity with all DC connections.
Vehicular
Your Inverter/Charger’s Nominal DC Input Voltage must match the voltage of your battery or batteries—12 Volts in most vehicular applications.
It is possible to connect your Inverter/Charger to the main battery within your vehicle’s electrical system. In most vehicles, the Inverter/ Charger will be
connected to one or more dedicated auxiliary (house) batteries which are isolated from the drive system to prevent possible draining of the main battery.
7
3
8
1
2
12 Volts
12 Volt Inverter/Charger
12 Volts
5
12 Volt Main Battery Connection
1
8
7
4
6
2
12 Volts
12 Volt Inverter/Charger
12 Volts
2
5
12 Volts
3
12 Volt Main and Auxiliary (House) Battery Connection (Isolated Parallel)
1 12 Volt Alternator 2 Vehicle Battery Ground
within 18 inches of the battery)
3 12 Volt Main Battery 4 12 Volt Auxiliary (House) Battery
5 UL-Listed Fuse & Fuse Block (mounted
6 Battery Isolator 7 Large Diameter Cabling, Maximum 2/0 Gauge to Fit Terminals
10
8 8 AWG (minimum) Ground Wire
AC Input/Output Connection
To avoid overloading your Inverter/Charger, match the power requirements of the equipment you plan to run at any one time (add their total
watts) with the output wattage capacity of your Inverter/Charger model. Do not confuse “continuous” wattage with “peak” wattage ratings.
Most electric motors require extra power at start-up (“peak wattage”) than required to run continuously after start-up, sometimes over 100%
more. Some motors, such as in refrigerators and pumps, start and stop intermittently according to demand, requiring “peak wattage” at
multiple, unpredictable times during operation. DoubleBoost™ Feature: Tripp Lite Inverter/Chargers deliver up to twice their nameplate rated
wattage for up to 10 seconds,* providing the extra power needed to cold start heavy-duty tools and equipment. OverPower™ Feature: Tripp
Lite Inverter/Chargers deliver up to 150% of their nameplate-rated wattage for 1-60 minutes under ideal battery and temperature conditions*,
providing ample reserve power to support tools and equipment.
* Actual duration depends on model, battery age, battery charge level and ambient temperature. For best results, utilize OverPower for as short a duration as possible, ensure that battery bank and cabling are able to provide full
nominal DC voltage under load, and allow the inverter/charger to cool completely before and after OverPower utilization.
Warning! Consult a qualified electrician and follow all applicable electrical codes and requirements for
hardwire connection. Disconnect both DC input and AC utility supply before attempting hardwiring. Use wire
type THHN or equivalent with minimum temperature rating of 90°C.
Connection for Models with Hardwire Terminals
Output Connection Requirement: UL requires that the output terminals of all hardwire Inverter/Charger models must be connected to UL-listed GFCI receptacles
(required receptacle manufacturer/model series: Hubbell GF8300 or
Leviton 6598).
“FOR USE WITH COPPER WIRE ONLY”
Single Input/Output Models
Input: Connect incoming wires to the hot (brown)
and ground* (green) terminals 1 .
Output: Connect outgoing wires to the hot (black)
and ground* (green) terminals 1 .
HOT
2
4
, neutral (blue)
3
, neutral (white)
5
Replace cover plate and tighten screws.* If the incoming conduit only contains two wires (hot and neutral), the
incoming conduit must be bonded to the main ground lug on the unit. In any case, the incoming conduit must be
bonded to earth or vehicle ground, and the incoming conduit must be bonded to the outgoing conduit.
2
3
1
4
5
IN
NEUTRAL
IN
GROUND
IN
GROUND
OUT
HOT
OUT
NEUTRAL
OUT
Note: Ground Bond Connection, Supplied
Service
Before returning your Inverter/Charger for service, follow these steps: 1.) Review the installation and operation instructions to ensure that
the service problem does not originate from a misreading of the instructions. Also, check that the circuit breaker(s) are not tripped.* 2.) If
the problem continues, do not contact or return the Inverter/Charger to the dealer. Instead, call Tripp Lite at (773) 869-1233. A service
technician will ask for the Inverter/Charger’s model number, serial number and purchase date and will attempt to correct the problem over
the phone. 3.) If the problem requires service, the technician will issue you a Returned Material Authorization (RMA) number, which is
required for service. Securely pack the Inverter/Charger to avoid damage during shipping. Do not use Styrofoam beads for packaging.**
Any damages (direct, indirect, special, incidental or consequential) to the Inverter/Charger incurred during shipment to Tripp Lite or an
authorized Tripp Lite service center is not covered under warranty. Inverter/Chargers shipped to Tripp Lite or an authorized Tripp Lite
service center must have transportation charges prepaid. Mark the RMA number on the outside of the package. If the Inverter/Charger is
within the warranty period, enclose a copy of your sales receipt. Return the Inverter/Charger for service using an insured carrier to the
address given to you by the Tripp Lite service technician.
* This is a common cause of service inquiries which can be easily remedied by following the resetting instructions in this manual. ** If you require packaging, the technician can arrange to send you proper packaging.
Maintenance
Your Inverter/Charger requires no maintenance and contains no user-serviceable or replaceable parts, but should be kept dry at all times.
Periodically check, clean and tighten all cable connections, as necessary, both at the unit and at the battery.
11
Troubleshooting
Try these remedies for common Inverter/Charger problems before calling for assistance. Call Tripp Lite Customer Service at (773) 869-1234
before returning your unit for service.
SYMPTOM
PROBLEMS
CORRECTIONS
No AC Output
Unit is not properly connected to utility power
Connect unit to utility power.
(All Indicator Lights are OFF)
Operating Mode Switch is set to “DC OFF” and AC input
is present.
Set Operating Mode Switch to “AUTO/REMOTE” or “CHARGE ONLY”.
This is normal when the Operating Mode Switch is set to
“CHARGE ONLY” and AC input is absent.
No correction is required. AC output will return when AC input
returns. Set Operating Mode Switch to “AUTO/REMOTE” if you
require AC output.
Output circuit breaker is tripped.
Reset circuit breaker.
Unit has shut down due to battery overcharge (preventing
battery damage). The problem may be with connected
auxiliary chargers, if any, or with the unit’s charger.
Disconnect any auxiliary chargers. Reset by moving Operating Mode
Switch to “DC OFF”. Wait 1 minute and switch to “AUTO/REMOTE”
or “CHARGE ONLY.” If unit remains in shutdown mode after several
attempts to reset, contact Tripp Lite Customer Service for assistance.
Unit has shut down due to excessive battery discharge.
Use an auxiliary charger* to raise battery voltage. Check external
battery connections and fuse. Unit automatically resets when
condition is cleared.
Unit has shut down due to overload.
Reduce load. Reset by moving Operating Mode Switch to “DC OFF”.
Wait 1 minute. Switch to “AUTO/REMOTE” or “CHARGE ONLY”.
Battery Not Recharging
Connected batteries are dead.
Check and replace old batteries.
(AC Input Present)
Battery fuse* is blown.
Check and replace fuse.*
Battery cabling* is loose.
Check and tighten or replace cabling.*
Unit has shut down due to battery overcharge (preventing
battery damage). The problem may be with connected
auxiliary chargers, if any, or with the unit’s charger.
Disconnect any auxiliary chargers. Reset by moving Operating Mode
Switch to “DC OFF”. Wait 1 minute and switch to “AUTO/REMOTE”
or “CHARGE ONLY.” If unit remains in shutdown mode after several
attempts to reset, contact Tripp Lite Customer Service for assistance.
Charger circuit breaker is tripped.
Reset circuit breaker.
All Three “BATT VOLT/CHRG CURR”
LEDs are slowly flashing (½ second
flashes) with Operating Mode Switch in
the “AUTO/REMOTE” position.
Battery is excessively discharged. Unit will shut down to
prevent battery damage.
Use an auxiliary charger* to raise battery voltage. Check external
battery connections and fuse. Unit automatically resets when
condition is cleared.
All Three “BATT VOLT/CHRG CURR”
LEDs are rapidly flashing (¼ second
flashes) with Operating Mode Switch in
the “AUTO/REMOTE” position.
Battery is overcharged. Unit will shut down to prevent
battery damage. The problem may be with connected auxiliary
chargers, if any, or with the unit’s charger.
Disconnect any auxiliary chargers. Reset by moving Operating Mode
Switch to “DC OFF”. Wait 1 minute and switch to “AUTO/REMOTE.”
If unit remains in shutdown mode after several attempts to reset,
contact Tripp Lite Customer Service for assistance.
Red “LOW” Battery Indicator Light is
flashing with Operating Mode Switch in the
”AUTO/REMOTE” position.
Battery voltage is low. Unit has shut down
to protect battery from damage.
If AC power (utility- or generator-supplied) is present, the unit will
automatically reset itself and start recharging connected batteries.
However, if an external charger is used to recharge the batteries,
you will need to manually reset the unit by moving the Operating
Mode Switch to “DC OFF” for two seconds then returning it to
“AUTO/REMOTE”.
False reading due to undersized or
insufficiently connected DC cabling.
Use sufficient size DC cable sufficiently connected to
Inverter/Charger.
Inverter is overloaded. Unit will automatically shut down
after 5 seconds.
Reduce load. Reset by moving Operating Mode Switch to “DC OFF”.
Wait 1 minute. Switch to “AUTO/REMOTE” or “CHARGE ONLY”.
Red “LOAD” Operation
Indicator Light flashing
* User-supplied.
Limited Warranty
Tripp Lite warrants its Inverter/Chargers to be free from defects in materials and workmanship for a 30 month period from the date of retail purchase by end user.
Tripp Lite’s obligation under this warranty is limited to repairing or replacing (at its sole option) any such defective products. To obtain service under this warranty you must obtain a Returned Material Authorization
(RMA) number from Tripp Lite or an authorized Tripp Lite service center. Products must be returned to Tripp Lite or an authorized Tripp Lite service center with transportation charges prepaid and must be
accompanied by a brief description of the problem encountered and proof of date and place of purchase. This warranty does not apply to equipment which has been damaged by accident, negligence or
misapplication or has been altered or modified in any way, including opening of the unit’s casing for any reason. This warranty applies only to the original purchaser who must have properly registered the product
within 10 days of retail purchase.
EXCEPT AS PROVIDED HEREIN, TRIPP LITE MAKES NO WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
Some states do not permit limitation or exclusion of implied warranties; therefore, the aforesaid limitation(s) or exclusion(s) may not apply to the purchaser.
EXCEPT AS PROVIDED ABOVE, IN NO EVENT WILL TRIPP LITE BE LIABLE FOR DIRECT, INDIRECT, SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES ARISING OUT OF THE USE OF THIS
PRODUCT, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE. Specifically, Tripp Lite is not liable for any costs, such as lost profits or revenue, loss of equipment, loss of use of equipment, loss of
software, loss of data, costs of substitutes, claims by third parties, or otherwise.
Regulatory Compliance Identification Numbers
For the purpose of regulatory compliance certifications and identification, your Tripp Lite product has been assigned a unique series number. The series number can be found on the product nameplate label,
along with all required approval markings and information. When requesting compliance information for this product, always refer to the series number. The series number should not be confused with the marking
name or model number of the product.
Tripp Lite has a policy of continuous improvement. Specifications are subject to change without notice.
WARRANTY REGISTRATION
Visit www.tripplite.com/warranty to register the warranty of your new Tripp Lite product. You'll be automatically
entered into a drawing for a chance to win a FREE Tripp Lite product!*
* No purchase necessary. Void where prohibited. Some restrictions apply. See website for details.
12
Note on Labeling Two symbols are used on the labels.
V~: AC Voltage V : DC Voltage
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