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Maverick - Notices & Safety.fm Page i Tuesday, November 21, 2000 2:21 PM
Notices
No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or
transmitted, in any form or by any means, mechanical photocopying, recording or
otherwise, without the prior written permission of the manufacturer.
The information within this manual is subject to change without notice.
The manufacturer shall not be held liable for technical or editorial errors or omissions
contained in herein; nor for incidental or consequential damages resulting from the
furnishing, performance or use of this material.
Microsoft, Windows is a registered trademark of the Microsoft Corporation.
Product names mentioned herein are for identification purposes only, and may be
trademarks and/or registered trademarks of their respective companies.
Macrovision Statement
If your computer has a DVD drive and an analog TV Out port, the following
paragraph applies:
This product incorporates copyright protection technology that is protected by method
claims of certain U.S. patents and other intellectual property rights owned by
Macrovision Corporation and other rights owners. Use of this copyright protection
technology must be authorized by Macrovision Corporation, and is intended for home
and other limited viewing uses only unless otherwise authorized by Macrovision
Corporation. Reverse engineering or disassembly is prohibited.
Copyright  2000 All rights are reserved
Notices i
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Important Safety Information
Safety Instructions
Your system is designed and tested to meet the latest standards for safety of
information technology equipment. However, to ensure safe use of this product, it is
important that the safety instructions marked on the product and in the documentation
are followed.
Always follow these instructions to help guard against personal injury
and damage to your system.
i
Setting Up your System
• Read and follow all instructions marked on the product and in the documentation
before you operate your system. Retain all safety and operating instructions for
future use.
• Do not use this product near water or a heat source such as a radiator.
• Set up the system on a stable work surface.
• The product should be operated only with the type of power source indicated on the
rating label.
• Insure that the electrical outlet you are using to power your equipment is easily
accessible in case of fire or short circuit.
• If your computer has a voltage selector switch, make sure that the switch is in the
proper position for your area.
• Openings in the computer case are provided for ventilation. Do not block or cover
these openings. Make sure you provide adequate space, at least 6 inches (15 cm),
around the system for ventilation when you set up your work area. Never insert
objects of any kind into the computer ventilation openings.
• The computer product is equipped with a three-wire power cord to make sure that
the product is properly grounded when in use. The plug on this cord will fit only
into a grounding-type outlet. This is a safety feature. If you are unable to insert the
plug into an outlet, contact an electrician to install the appropriate outlet.
• If you use an extension cord with this system, make sure that the total ampere rating
on the products plugged into the extension cord does not exceed the extension cord
ampere rating.
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Care During Use
• Do not walk on the power cord or allow anything to rest on it.
• Do not spill anything on the system. The best way to avoid spills is to not eat or
drink near your system.
• Some products have a replaceable CMOS battery on the system board. There is a
danger of explosion if the CMOS battery is replaced incorrectly. Replace the
battery with the same or equivalent type recommended by the manufacturer.
Dispose of batteries according to the manufacturer’s instructions. If the CMOS
battery requires replacement insure that a qualified technician performs the task
• When the computer is turned off, a small amount of electrical current still flows
through the computer. To avoid electrical shock, always unplug all power cables
and modem cables from the wall outlets before cleaning the system.
• Unplug the system from the wall outlet and refer servicing to qualified personnel if:
– The power cord or plug is damaged.
– Liquid has been spilled into the system.
– The system does not operate properly when the operating instructions are
followed.
– The system was dropped or the cabinet is damaged.
– The system performance changes.
Replacement Parts and Accessories
Use only replacement parts and accessories recommended by manufacturer.
To reduce the risk of fire, use only No. 26 AWG or larger
telecommunications line cord.
Do not use this product in areas classified as hazardous. Such areas
include patient care areas of medical and dental facilities, oxygen rich
environments, or industrial areas.
Important Safety Information iii
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Battery Disposal
Do not put rechargeable batteries or products powered by nonremovable rechargeable batteries in the garbage.
Contact your customer service representative for information on how to dispose of
batteries that you cannot use or recharge any longer.
Follow all local regulations when disposing of old batteries.
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Regulatory Compliance Statements
United States Users
FCC Part 15
This device has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital
device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC rules. These limits are designed to provide
reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential installation. This
equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed
and used in accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio
or television reception. However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur
in a particular installation. If this equipment does cause interference to radio and
television reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on, the
user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the following
measures:
• Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna
• Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver
• Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the
receiver is connected
• Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
Compliance Accessories: The accessories associated with this equipment are:
shielded video cable. These accessories are required to be used in order to ensure
compliance with FCC rules.
This device complies with Par t15 of the FCC Rules. Operation of this product is
subject to the following two conditions: (1) this device may not cause harmful
interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference received, including
interference that may cause undesired operation.
Changes or modifications not expressly approved by manufacturer
could void the FCC compliance and negate your authority to operate the
product.
FCC ID: A3LS760
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FCC part 68 (applicable to products fitted with USA modems)
This equipment compiles with part of the FCC rules. On the back of this equipment is
a label that contains, among other information, the FCC registration number and ringer
equivalence number (REN) for this equipment. If requested, this information must be
provided to the telephone company.
This equipment uses the following USOC jacks: RJ11C
An FCC compliant telephone cord and modular plug is provided with this equipment.
This equipment is designed to be connected to the telephone network or promises
wiring using a compatible modular jack which is Part 68 compliant. See Installation
Instructions for details.
The REN is used to determine the quantity of devices which may be connected to
telephone line. Excessive RENs on the telephone line may result in the devices not
ringing in response to an incoming call. In most, but not all areas, the sum of RENs
should not exceed five (5.0). To be certain of the number of devices that may be
connected to a line, as determined by total RENs, contact the local telephone company
to determine the maximum REN for the calling area.
If the terminal equipment causes harm to the telephone network, the Telephone
Company will notify you in advance that temporary discontinuance of service may be
required. But if advance notice is not practical, the telephone company will notify the
customer as soon as possible. Also, you will be advised of your right to file a complaint
with the FCC if you believe it is necessary.
The telephone company may make changes in its facilities, equipment, operations, or
procedures that could affect the operation of the equipment. If this happens, the
telephone company will provide advanced notice in order for you to make necessary
modifications to maintain uninterrupted service.
If trouble is experienced with this equipment for repair or warranty information, please
contact your local distributor or Samsung Electronics Corporation at (408) 544-5124.
If the equipment is causing harm to the telephone network, the telephone company may
request that you disconnect the equipment until the problem is resolved.
The user must use the accessories and cables supplied by the manufacturer to get
optimum performance from the product.
No repairs may be done by the customer.
This equipment cannot be used on public coin phone service provided by the telephone
company. Connection to party line service is subject to state tariffs.
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The Telephone Consumer Protection Act of 1991 makes it unlawful for any person to
use a computer or other electronic device, including fax machines, to send any message
unless such message clearly contains in a margin at the top or bottom of each
transmitted page or on the first page of the transmission, the date and time it is sent and
an identification of the business or other entity, or other individual sending the message
and the telephone number of the sending machine or such business, other entity, or
individual. (The telephone number provided may not be a 900 number or any other
number for which charges exceed local or long-distance transmission charges.)
In order to program this information into your fax machine, refer to your
communications software user manual.
Canadian Users
Radio Interference Regulations (ICES-003)
This digital apparatus does not exceed the Class B limits for radio noise emissions from
digital apparatus as set out in the radio interference regulations of Industry Canada.
Le présent appareil numérique n’émet pas de bruits radioélectriques dépassant les
limites applicables aux appareils numériques de Classe B prescrites dans le règlement
sur le brouillage radioélectrique édicté par Industrie Canada.
DOC notice (for products fitted with an IC-compliant modem)
The Industry Canada label identifies certified equipment. This certification means that
the equipment meets certain telecommunications network protective, operation, and
safety requirements. The Department does not guarantee the equipment will operate to
the users’ satisfaction.
Before installing this equipment, users should make sure that it is permissible to be
connected to the facilities of the local telecommunications company. The equipment
must also be installed using an acceptable method of connection. In some cases, the
inside wiring associated with a single-line individual service may be extended by
means of a certified connector assembly. The customer should be aware that
compliance with the above conditions may not prevent degradation of service in some
situations.
To avoid electrical shock or equipment malfunction do not attempt to
make electrical ground connections by yourself. Contact the appropriate
inspection authority or an electrician, as appropriate.
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Repairs to certified equipment should be made by an authorized Canadian maintenance
facility designated by the supplier. Any repairs or alterations made by the user to this
equipment, or equipment malfunctions, may give the telecommunications company
cause to request the user to disconnect the equipment.
Users should make sure for their own protection that the electrical ground connections
of the power utility, telephone lines, and internal metallic water pipe system, if present,
are connected together. This precaution may be particularly important in rural areas.
The Ringer Equivalence Number (REN) assigned to each terminal device provides
an indication of the maximum number of terminals allowed to be connected to a
telephone interface. The termination on an interface may consist of any combination of
devices subject only to the requirement that the sum of the Ringer Equivalence
Numbers of all the devices does not exceed 5.
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Laser Safety
All systems equipped with CD and DVD drives comply with the appropriate safety
standards, including IEC 825. The laser devices in these components are classified as
“Class 1 Laser Products” under a US Department of Health and Human Services
(DHHS) Radiation Performance Standard. Should the unit ever need servicing, contact
an authorized service location.
Laser Safety Note:
Use of controls or adjustments or performance of procedures other than those
specified in this manual may result in hazardous radiation exposure. To
prevent exposure to laser beams, do not try to open the enclosure of a CD or
DVD drive.
Laser Safety ix
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Power Cord Requirements
The power cord set (appliance coupler, flexible cord, and wall plug) you received with
your computer meets the requirements for use in the country where you purchased your
equipment.
Power cord sets for use in other countries must meet the requirements of the country
where you use the computer. For more information on power cord set requirements,
contact your authorized dealer, reseller, or service provider.
General Requirements
The requirements listed below are applicable to all countries:
• The length of the power cord set must be at least 6.00 feet (1.8m) and a maximum
of 9.75 feet (3.0m).
• All power cord sets must be approved by an acceptable accredited agency
responsible for evaluation in the country where the power cord set will be used.
• The power cord set must have a minimum current capacity of 7 A and a nominal
voltage rating of 125 or 250 volts AC, as required by each country’s power system.
• The appliance coupler must meet the mechanical configuration of an EN 60 320/
IEC 320 Standard Sheet C13 connector, for mating with appliance inlet on the
computer.
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Country-Specific Power Cord Set Requirements
The requirements listed below are applicable to the specific country listed:
Country
Accrediting
Agency
Applicable Note
Numbers
Australia
EANSW
1
Austria
OVE
1
Belgium
CEBC
1
Canada
CSA
2
Denmark
DEMKO
1
Finland
FIMKO
1
France
UTE
1
Germany
VDE
1
Italy
IMQ
1
Japan
JIS
3
The Netherlands
KEMA
1
Norway
NEMKO
1
Sweden
SEMKO
1
Switzerland
SEV
1
United Kingdom
BSI
1
United States
UL
2
Notes:
1. Flexible cord must be <HAR> Type HO5VV-F, 3-conductor, 1.0 mm²
conductor size. Power cord set fittings (appliance coupler and wall plug)
must bear the certification mark of the agency responsible for evaluation
in the country where it will be used.
2. Flexible cord must be Type SVT or equivalent, No.18 AWG. Wall plug
must be a two-pole grounding type.
3. Appliance coupler, flexible cord, and wall plug must bear a "T" mark and
registration number in accordance with the Japanese Dentori Law.
Flexible cord must be Type VCT or VCTF, 3-conductor, 0.75 mm²
conductor size. Wall plug must be a two-pole grounding type with a
Japanese Industrial Standard C8303 (15 A, 125V) configuration.
Power Cord Requirements xi
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Using Your Documentation
Congratulations on your purchase of a notebook computer. Whether you are new to
using a portable computer or are an experienced user, this user’s manual can help you
get the most from your computer.
Manual Documentation Conventions
Information Icons
Three icons and their associated messages appear in this manual. The information
icons are placed before the step/information they apply to:
A warning indicates the possibility of personal injury.
A caution warns you of possible damage to equipment or data.
A note informs you of special circumstances.
Keyboard Conventions
Keys that you need to press to perform certain functions are displayed in the manual
using a small graphic of the button. For example:
indicates the control key (Ctrl on the keyboard).
If you need to press two keys at the same time, the key names are shown joined by a
plus sign. For example:
+
means that you should press the Alt key and hold it and then press the Pg Up key.
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CD-ROM Device Naming Convention
In many installation programs you will have to get a program from the CD-ROM
device. The program installation sequence assumes that the CD is drive d:\, however
this is not always the case. The name of the CD-ROM drive is the letter following the
letter assigned to your last HDD. For instance, if you have one HDD with two
partitions, the HDD is drives C: and D: and the CD-ROM drive is then drive E.
Touchpad Conventions
You may be asked to click or double-click on items on the display screen. As a general
note the touchpad actions act much in the same way as a wheel mouse any differences
are explained fully.
The object that needs to be clicked upon will be displayed in Bold text or shown in a
small figure such as the “Start Button” shown on the right =>.
Table 1. Touchpad Click Conventions
Action
Process
Click
Depress the touchpad left button and release
Double-Click
Quickly click the left touchpad button two times
If you are new to using computers, see “Glossary”. The “Glossary” explains general
computing terms that are used in this manual and tells you about some of the
differences between notebook computers and desktop computers.
Almost all "Windows" programs will display the name/function of a
button or icon if you place the touchpad pointer on the item you want
information about.
Software User Documentation
Your computer is shipped from the factory with several software programs installed.
The software may include its own online or printed documentation. Refer to the
documentation or the Help options in the software for more information.
The figures and illustrations in this manual may not be identical to those
on your system.
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Introducing Your Computer
Your lightweight portable notebook computer includes many features to meet your
computing needs at home and/or on the road. The computer is a very slim lightweight
notebook computer with a docking station that has peripheral devices that allow it to
perform all of the functions of a desktop computer.
Where Everything Is
The following sections, PC Equipment Locations and Docking Station Equipment
Locations will explain the details of the notebook computer and the docking station as
well as other basic operations to dock and undock the computer.
Notebook Computer
+
Docking Station
Figure 1. Notebook & Docking Station
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PC Equipment Location
The figures in this section show you the location of important items on the computer.
LCD Latch
LCD Display
Power Button
Keyboard
Touchpad
Internet Button
Touchpad Buttons
Video Port
Speaker
Fan Vent
LEDs
Microphone Jack
Headphone Jack
MP3 Controller Jack
Figure 2. Front/Right View of PC
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PC Card Slot
USB Port
LAN/Serial Port
DC-in Port
Security Lock Port
Modem Port
Figure 3. Back/Left View of PC
The figure below is the bottom view of the PC without the Docking Station attached.
Battery Latch
Battery
Docking Connector
Battery Latch
Memory Module
Compartment
Figure 4. Bottom View of PC
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Docking Station Equipment Location
The figures in this section show you the location of important items on the docking
station. See “Using the Multi-Bays in the Docking Station” on page 33.
5.25" Multi-Bay
Release Latch
Docking Pins
Docking Release Lever
Docking Connector
5.25 Multi-Bay
(CD/DVD Drive installed)
3.5" Multi-Bay
Release Latch
Eject PC Button
3.5 Multi-Bay
(FDD installed)
Figure 5. Docking Station Front/Right/Top
Docking Hook
Docking Hook
Security Lock Port
(Composite) TV-Out Port
PS/2 Port
Speaker
USB Port
Printer Port
USB Port
Docking Release
Lever
LAN Port
Figure 6. Docking Station Top/Back/Left
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DC-in Port
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Speaker
3.5" Multi-Bay Disk Drive
(FDD Drive)
5.25" Multi-Bay Disk Drive
(CD/DVD-ROM Drive)
Figure 7. Docking Station Bottom
Docking/Undocking your Computer
The docking station allows you to use this system as a desktop PC.
Connect the AC adapter to the docking station when it is installed to the
computer.
Docking your Computer
You may dock your computer while the computer is off or on, however the preferred
and safer method is with the power off.
To install your computer into the docking station with the power off, complete the
following steps:
1. Disconnect the AC adapter from the system.
2. Place the front part of a system on two hooks of the docking station.
3. Press the back part of a system until it clicks into the docking station fully.
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Front of the System
Back of the System
Docking Hook
Figure 8. Docking Sequence
To dock your computer with the power on simply place the computer on the docking
hooks and press down on the area above the keyboard.
Dock Change
When the docking station is connected properly then the "Dock Change"
message shows. When the "Dock Change" message disappears you may use
the system. Press the system on both sides not the middle to ensure that the
docking connector is completely mated to the system.
Undocking your Computer
To remove your computer from the docking station with the power off, complete the
following steps.
1. Turn off the system.
2. Disconnect the AC adapter.
3. Grab the two docking release levers and pull them out until they click. The
computer will pop up approximately 1cm.
4. Tilt the system up at the back.
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Figure 9. Docking Station Release Lever Operation
5. After tilting remove the system by sliding/lifting out toward the back of the
docking station.
6. Connect the AC adapter to the system.
To remove your computer from the docking station with the power on,
complete the following steps:
1. Press the Eject PC button on front of
the docking station for one second.
2. When “Dock Change” message
shows on the screen, pull the two
release levers outward until they
click and the computer pops up
approximately 1cm.
3. Remove the system.
4. Attach the AC adapter to the system.
Eject PC Button
Figure 10. Undocking Computer (Power On)
Do not detach the computer if battery power is less than 20% power. The
system may crash and you will lose any unsaved data.
Use Start > Eject PC instead of the Eject PC button if the "Eject PC Button"
does not work and the dock change message is not displayed.
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Using Your Computer for the First Time
This section gives you detailed information on using your computer for the first time.
Installing the Battery
The first step in using your notebook computer is to determine the normal use for your
computer. Two batteries (Standard and Long Life) come with the computer and both
go into the same slot. The standard battery may be used whether the computer is in the
docking station or not. the long life battery may only be used when the PC is not in the
docking station.
Ensure that both battery latches are slid fully toward the center of the
computer.
The long life battery cannot be used with the PC in the docking station.
Standard Battery
or 1
2
Long Life Battery
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AC Adapter
Your computer runs on power from the battery in the computer or from an electrical
outlet. The first time that you use your computer, fully charge the battery using the AC
adapter, see Figure 11.
To attach the power cord complete the following:
Power Cords:
Many countries have different power cord configurations. Your computer
should be supplied with the correct one for your area. If not contact the
supplier.
1. Plug the AC adapter into the power connector on the back side of the computer.
2. Connect the power cord to the AC adapter and then to an electrical outlet.
DC-in Port
Power Cord
Power Connector
AC Adapter
Figure 11. Connecting the AC Adapter
The power connector may be plugged into either the computer or the
docking station. The preferred method when docked is to plug into the
docking station.
The battery starts charging as soon as you plug the power cord into an electrical outlet.
The battery charges faster if the computer is turned off during charging.
Ensure you charge the battery fully the first time you use it.
See “Using the Battery” on page 46 for more information on using your computer’s
battery.
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Turning On the Computer
To turn on the computer’s power for the first time:
1. Slide the LCD latch, located on the front of the cover to the right.
2. Lift up the LCD display.
3. Press and then release the power button (Figure 12).
The power LED is on when the computer’s power is on.
Power LED
Figure 12. Turning on the Computer’s Power
Initial computer startup
The first time you start your computer you will see the operating system
registration screen. There are several screens in the registration process.
Simply read each screen and follow the simple directions. You must complete
this process in order to use your computer. A tutorial is provided if you require
it.
Turning Off Your Computer
Prior to shutting down your computer ensure all of your data and current work are
saved. The shutdown process will ask if you wish to save your work, however by
saving your work first the shutdown process is quicker.
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To turn off the computer, complete the following steps:
1. Click
on the taskbar.
2. Click Shut Down.
Figure 13. Windows Shutdown Pop-up Window
3. Select Shut down.
4. Click OK.
If you need to restart your computer after software (re)installation or because it is not
responding select the Restart option in step 3 above instead.
If the system does not power off, then press and hold the power button
for over 4 seconds.
See “Using Power Management Options” on page 57.
System problems requiring a computer restart (Cold Boot):
Do not perform a cold boot unless your keyboard and touchpad have no effect
and you cannot perform a warm boot/software restart.
When you perform a cold boot, you lose all data since it last saved to a storage
medium, i.e. Hard drive, Floppy disk.
You can also perform a soft boot by saving your files and pressing
+
+
to pop-up the windows “Close Program” window. Click on the Shut Down button.
You can perform a cold boot by pressing the power button for more than 3 seconds to
turn the computer off, waiting more than five seconds, and then pressing the power
button to turn the computer on.
The power button has several functions other than just turning on and
off your computer, see “Using Power Management Options” on page 57.
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Using the LCD Display
This section will discuss using/changing the LCD display and its defaults:
The LCD display brightness adjustment is divided into 8 levels.
• The
• The
+
key combination decreases LCD brightness.
+
key combination increases LCD brightness.
The LCD display default settings are:
• Level 6 when operating on AC power.
• Level 4 when operating on battery power.
LCD Cleaning:
Cleaning the LCD display should only be done with a soft cloth dampened with
denatured alcohol.
Even if you change the default LCD display brightness settings, the
defaults listed above will be restored once you power off and then back
on.
Notice: The limits of LCD manufacturing technology allow a maximum of 10
abnormal/bad pixels.
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Tips for Using Your Computer
The following information helps you avoid potential problems as you use your
computer:
Do not try to disassemble your computer. Opening the system chassis
voids your warranty. Only an authorized manufacturer service center
can replace or add any parts inside the chassis.
• Follow all the instructions and cautions in your computer user documentation.
• The LCD display has a polarized surface and can be damaged easily. To
prevent damage, avoid touching the LCD display screen.
• Use only approved AC adapters, auto adapters, memory modules and other
options.
• Because a notebook computer is small and has restricted air flow around
components, it is more likely to overheat than a desktop computer. A fan inside
your computer runs when needed to help eliminate heat. Make sure the fan vent
on the right side of your computer is not blocked when you use the computer.
(See Figure 2 on page 4 for the location of the vent.) Occasionally check the
vents and remove any accumulated dust on the outside.
• Avoid using or storing the computer in extremely hot or cold areas, such as a
car on a hot day. Keep the computer away from heaters and out of direct
sunlight. Exposure to excessive heat may damage computer components.
If you have left your computer in a hot place, let it cool down slowly to room
temperature (with the LCD panel open) before using it.
• Do not remove the memory-module compartment door, or try to install a
memory module when the computer is on. (See Figure 4 on page 5 for door
location.)
(For information on installing a memory module, see “Installing a Memory
Module” on page 73.)
• Set up your computer work area to avoid physical strain. Sit with your back
straight and supported by your chair. Adjust your chair or work table so that
your arms and wrists can remain in a relaxed position, parallel with the floor.
Avoid bending or twisting your wrists as you work. Your hands should “float”
slightly above the keyboard. Refer to a book on office ergonomics for more
information on setting up your work area.
• Take frequent breaks from working at the computer to rest your eyes and
stretch your muscles.
• Remember to save your data files frequently and to make backup copies of your
files.
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Travelling with Your Computer
Air Travel
If you are travelling by air, follow these tips:
• Take the computer with you as carry-on luggage. Do not check the computer
with your baggage.
• Allow the computer and disks to go through the X-ray security devices. Do not
hand-carry disks through the walk-through metal detectors, which can cause
loss of data.
• Make sure that the battery is charged or the power cord is easily accessible.
You may be required to turn on the computer for airport security personnel.
• Be prepared to turn off the computer during take off and landing.
Locking your Computer
As a precaution when you are travelling you should keep your computer as safe as
possible. An option to do this is the Security Lock System. Follow the Security Lock
System manufacturers instructions for specific installation and use. The following
figure shows generally how to use the lock.
Figure 14. Security Lock System
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Handling Spills
Sweet liquids leave a sticky residue that may jam the keyboard despite
your efforts to dry it.
Some liquids damage the polarized LCD screen. If your screen is
damaged, contact your authorized manufacturer’s service center for a
replacement.
Do not spill anything on your computer. The best way to avoid spills is to not eat or
drink around your computer. If you do spill something on your computer, turn it off
and unplug it immediately, then do the following:
• If you spill liquid on the keyboard, drain as much of the liquid from the
keyboard as possible. Be careful not to let the liquid drip onto the LCD panel.
Allow the system to dry for several days before trying to use it.
• If you spill liquid on an external keyboard or keypad, unplug it and drain as
much of the liquid as possible. Allow the keyboard to sit at room temperature
for a full day before trying to use it.
• If you spill liquid on the LCD panel, clean it immediately with a soft cloth and
denatured alcohol. Do not use water, window cleaner, acetone, aromatic
solvent, or dry, rough towels to clean it.
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Using the Keyboard
Your computer has an 81-key keyboard (Figure 15). By pressing designated key
combinations, you can have access to all the key functions of a full-sized keyboard.
Keyboard configuration is different from one country to another,
however the operation of the keys and key combinations remain the
same.
Function & Special purpose Hot Keys
Alphanumeric Keys
Embedded Numeric Keypad
Windows Key
Cursor/Screen Control Keys
Function Key
Figure 15. US Keyboard
Although the layout of the keys on your computer’s keyboard is different
from that on a desktop computer’s keyboard, the keyboard feels like a
full-sized keyboard when you use it.
The keys on the keyboard can be grouped into the following categories:
• Full-sized Alphanumeric typewriter keys are arranged like a standard
typewriter keyboard [QWERTY] and are used for text entry. The Windows key
opens Windows menus and performs other special functions.
• F1 to F12 and the Cursor/Screen Control keys, when pressed together with
key, enable special functions.
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The F1 to F12 keys are assigned to different functions depending on the
program in use, however the
key is usually assigned to program
help.
• Cursor and Screen control keys move the cursor. They may perform other
functions, depending on your software.
Do not allow liquid to drip into the keyboard or you may damage the
keyboard.
To clean the computer keyboard, use slightly damp cotton swabs. Scrub the keys and
the surface around the keys.
Using the Numeric Keypad
Your keyboard includes a numeric keypad, which is a group of keys that you can set to
type numbers and mathematical symbols, such as the plus sign (Figure 16). A number
or symbol on the right corner of each keypad key shows its numeric function.
Num Lock LED
Figure 16. Numeric Keypad & Numlock LED
Press
to turn on the embedded numeric keypad. The numeric functions of the
keypad are enabled and the Num Lock LED turns on. (See “Reading the System Status
LEDs” on page 26 for the location of the Num Lock LED.)
While the numeric functions are enabled, you can temporarily return a key to its normal
+
function by pressing
and the key. For example to type the letter m, press
,
this operation displays the letter m.
To turn the numeric keypad off, press
again. The Num Lock LED turns off.
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Using Special Function Keys
The function key activates special functions when it is pressed in combination with
another keys. Table 2 shows the special key combinations.
Table 2. Description of Special Function Key Combinations
Key
Combinations
Key
Name
Key Function
+
F1
Prt Sc
Print screen:
Takes a picture of the open screen, which you can
paste into many graphics programs.
+
F2
Sys Rq
System request:
Reserved for use in software programs.
+
F3
Euro key:
This key combination can generate Euro Mark
other Eurokey.
F4
Magic keyboard:
Gives the user the ability to quick launch a program
using the Magic keyboard key combination. Windows
Calculator is the default program.
+
F5
CRT/LCD
CRT/LCD:
Switches the display between the LCD, the external
monitor, and simultaneous display on both the LCD
and the external monitor.
+
F6
Mute
Mute:
Turns the audio output on and off.
+
F7
Volume down:
Decreases the audio volume.
+
F8
Volume up:
Increases the audio volume.
+
F9
Rest
Rest:
Puts the computer into Suspend mode. To resume
normal operation, press the power button. (See
“Power Management” on page 47.)
+
F10
Brightness down: Decreases the LCD brightness.
+
F11
Brightness up:
Increases the LCD brightness.
+
F12
Scroll
Scroll:
In some applications, sets the cursor-control keys to
scroll the page up or down while the cursor position
does not change. Pressing key combination again
turns off the scrolling function.
+
Home
Home:
In some applications, moves cursor to the start of the
line.
+
PgUp
PgUp:
In some applications, moves cursor up one screen, not
necessarily a full page.
+
PgDn
PgDn:
In some applications, moves cursor down one screen,
not necessarily a full page.
+
End
End:
In some applications, moves cursor to the end of the
line.
+
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When you press a function key combination, the system sound may be
temporarily muted.
Internet Quick Start Button
Use the internet quick start button to start your connection to the internet just by
pressing one button.
i
Internet Quick
Start Button
Figure 17. Internet Explorer Quick Start Button
User Defined Keys (Magic Keyboard)
+
You may program the
key combination to start any program you have
installed on your computer. By default the Windows calculator is assigned to the
Magic Keyboard key combination.
To reprogram the Magic Keyboard, follow the steps below:
1. Double-Click
Control Panel.
icon on the Windows taskbar or click Start > Settings >
2. Double-Click
icon.
3. Select User Key from the drop down menu.
4. Use the Browse button to locate the program you wish to assign to the Magic
Keyboard key combination.
5. Click on your program choice to select it.
6. Click OK.
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User Key
Figure 18. Magic Keyboard Program Interface
7. Click OK to close window and complete programming the Magic Keyboard.
You may also program the internet button to open the internet browser
program you wish to use.
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Using the Touchpad
Your computer is equipped with a touchpad, which is an integrated-pointing device
that is used to perform standard mouse functions (Figure 19). The touchpad is an
advanced and reliable pointing device that works with a touch of your finger.
Touchpad
Touchpad buttons
Figure 19. Touchpad Operation
Touchpad Precautions:
Do not use sharp, magnetic or heavy items on your touchpad doing so may
cause damage.
Press on the touchpad gently. The touchpad responds to light pressure.
The following sections will basically explain how to use the touchpad. Table 3 lists the
general actions associated with the touchpad.
Table 3. Touchpad Click Conventions
Action
Process
Comment
Click
Depress the touchpad left button and
release
This will cause a process to begin
Double-Click
Quickly click the left touchpad button
two times
This will cause a process to begin
Click-Hold
Depress the touchpad button and do
not release
This is used to move/drag objects to new
locations
Right Click
Depress the touchpad right button and
release
This is usually used to obtain information
about an object or start a process
PS/2 Mouse:
You may change the setup in Setup > Advanced Menu
Disabled prevents both the touchpad and external PS/2 port from functioning.
Single mouse (default) enables the external PS/2 port or the touchpad, and
external PS/2 port has priority. Dual Mouse allows the use of both the
touchpad and PS/2 port.
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Double-Click/Tap
Select the window or icon by tapping once on a touchpad. You can start program process
in the window by double tapping the touch pad quickly or you can use the touchpad
buttons.
Drag (Move)
To move a window to change the view on the desktop, complete the following:
1. Click the window title bar or icon in the bottom of the window which you want
to drag using the touchpad.
2. Press the left touchpad button and hold it.
3. Drag the window using the touchpad.
Cursor in
Windows Title Bar
Click the Window
Title Bar and Hold
Drag your finger
to move the window
Figure 20. Dragging a window
Area or multiple item selection:
The drag function may be used to select an area or multiple items in an area
by clicking in one area and then dragging to create a selection window. The
items inside the window will be selected.
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Scroll
The touchpad has a scroll function. Scroll along the right edge of the touchpad to scroll
up and down. Scroll along the bottom edge of the touchpad to scroll right and left.
However, this function may not work in some programs.
Scroll Directions
Figure 21. Scrolling using the touchpad
Touchpad Buttons:
You can use the buttons below the touchpad in the same way you would use
standard wheel mouse buttons. For more information on these features and
other features supported by your mouse driver such as button assignment,
see the Mouse properties in the Control Panel.
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Reading the System Status LEDs
System Status LEDs show the status of computer functions.
LEDs
Figure 22. System Status LEDs
Table 4. LED Functions
LED
26 Users Manual
Name
Function
Num Lock
Changes a portion of the keyboard to a numeric keypad.
See “Using the Numeric Keypad” on page 19.
Caps Lock
Changes all alpha or letter input into capital letters.
No changes occur to numeric and special keys.
Scroll Lock
Scroll lock in certain software.
HDD
Using Hard disk.
Power
Green - System power on.
Blinking - Standby mode.
Battery Status
Green - No battery pack installed/battery fully charged.
Amber - Charging.
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Connecting to the Internet
This section explains how to connect you to the internet. For program details on how
to establish the connection contact the Internet Service Provider [ISP] or system
administrator [SysAdmin].
Installing a Modem Cable
Before you can obtain information on the Internet or send e-mail you must verify the
modem drivers are installed and connect the modem cable, See “Using the Modem”
on page 28.
To connect the modem cable. follow the steps below:
Figure 23. Modem Cable Installation
1. Open the modem cable door located in the back left portion of the computer.
2. Plug the modem cable into the Modem port.
3. Contact your Internet Service Provider to obtain information required to make the
connection in your area.
4. After the cable is connected create a “Dialup” connection by clicking Start >
Settings > Dial-Up Networking.
5. Double-Click
icon to pop up the connection wizard.
6. Follow the instructions in provided in the Make New Connection wizard.
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Using the Modem
Your Notebook computer will have a Modem/LAN installed in your computer.
Precautions Before Use
If you connect the modem to a digital phone line, the modem may be
damaged.
DOS support
Windows Me does not support pure DOS mode and the modem does not support a DOS
box in Windows. So you can not use a communication application using in DOS.
Using the Modem on a PBX system
If you use a simple terminal program:
Type the “ATX3&W” or “ATX3” command as an initialization command.
If you use a Windows Communication Program:
Follow the instructions below.
1. Click Start > Settings > Control Panel.
2. Double-Click
icon.
3. Click Properties in the General tab section.
4. Check off “Wait for dial tone before dialing” check box in the Connection tab
section.
5. Click OK to close the dialog box.
6. Click OK to close “Modem Properties” dialog box.
MODEM Notes:
1. In the US due to FCC limitations, speeds of 53kbps are the maximum
permissible transmit power levels during download transmissions. Actual
data speeds will vary depending on line conditions.
2. In order to use the 56K feature, be sure to check if the standards supported
by the on-line service provider and the modem are identical.
3. If you use a PBX phone system, you can not connect using the 56K mode
due to line loss.
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Installing a LAN Cable
Before you can obtain information on the Internet, send e-mail or transfer files to or
from another computer you must (re)install the LAN drivers, see “Windows Me LAN
Driver (Re)Installation” on page 85. There are two ways to hook up to a LAN. You
may plug directly into the back of the computer or use a LAN cable adapter.
To install the LAN cable to the back of the computer simply plug in the cable in the
slot in the back of the computer or you may also use the LAN adapter cable to access
the LAN. Simply plug the adapter cable into the LAN/Serial slot on the left side of the
computer.
To install the LAN cable complete the following steps:
1. Plug the LAN cable into the LAN port in the back of the computer or into the
portable LAN cable connector.
Figure 24. LAN Cable Installation (Back/Left)
2. Contact your SysAdmin to obtain information required to make the connection in
your area.
3. After the cable is connected create the connection by clicking on Start > Settings
> Control Panel.
4. Double-Click
icon to pop up the network connection window.
5. If you require further assistance to connect to your network, contact your
SysAdmin.
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Portable LAN cable:
You may also connect to the LAN using the portable cable that plugs into the
port provided on the left side of the computer.
LAN/Serial Port
Portable LAN cable
Figure 25. Using the Portable LAN Cable
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Using the LAN
Configuring Network Environment
1. Complete the installation of the Network Adapter Driver.
2. Double-Click
icon in the control panel.
3. Click Network Configuration tab, then ensure that the Samsung SEM-2100iL
MiniPCI LAN Adapter is installed.
Figure 26.
Installing the LAN Driver
4. Select TCP/IP -> Samsung SEM-2100iL MiniPCI LAN Adapter in the list of
network components in the installed list.
5. Click Properties. The TCP/IP Properties window opens.
6. Click IP Address tab.
7. Select Specify an IP address and then enter your IP address and the appropriate
subnet mask. If you use a DHCP server, select Obtain an IP address
automatically.
8. Click Gateway tab.
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9. Enter gateway address in the New gateway.
10. Click Add. If you use DHCP server, this process is not needed.
11. Click DNS Configuration tab.
12. Select Enable DNS.
• Enter host name in the Host.
• Enter domain name in the Domain.
• Enter DNS server address in the DNS Server Search Order.
13. Click Add. If you use DHCP server, this process is not needed.
14. Click OK when you finish the TCP/IP set-up.
15. Click Add from the Network dialog box.
16. From the Select Network Component type dialog box, select protocol.
17. Click Add.
18. From the Select Network Protocol dialog box, select Microsoft in the
Manufactures list and then select IPX/SPX-compatible Protocol.
19. Click OK.
20. Repeat steps 15 to 17. Select Microsoft in the Manufactures list, and then select
NetBEUI.
21. Click OK.
22. In the Network window, click File and Print Sharing. Select both check boxes,
then click OK.
23. Click Network Identification tab, type in anything you wish to identify this
computer in Computer Name, Workgroup, Computer Description. Keep in
mind that each Computer Name is unique on a network.
24. When you finish the network set-up, click OK from the Network dialog box.
25. Restart your computer to update the system.
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Using the Multi-Bays in the Docking Station
Your computer includes the docking station that holds a 5.25" and a 3.5" device in the
two multi-bays. Below is a listing of the device types you may install in your docking
station.
The default system is purchased with CD/DVD-ROM and FDD devices.
5.25” Devices:
3.50” Devices:
CD-ROM drive
Zip (250Mb) drive
DVD-ROM drive
2nd HDD pack
CD-RW drive
FDD
Changing Devices
This section will discuss changing the 5.25" and 3.5" devices.
The multi-bay is the portion of the docking station where you change devices. See Figure
5 on page 6.
Changing a 5.25” Device
To change from one 5.25” device to another simply follow the steps below (Figure 27).
5.25" Device
Figure 27. Changing 5.25" Device
1. Turn off the system.
2. Detach the system from the docking station.
3. Slide the 5.25” multi-bay latch toward the middle of the multi-bay.
4. The device will pop out approximately 2cm.
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5. Remove the device.
6. Insert the new 5.25” device into the multi-bay until the multi-bay latch clicks.
Changing a 3.5” Device
The method of changing a 3.5” device is same as changing a 5.25” device except you
have to use 3.5” multi-bay latch instead of 5.25”s (Figure 28).
3.5" Device
Figure 28. Changing 3.5" Device
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Using the Disk Drives
Using the Floppy Disk Drive
Your computer comes with a 1.44 MB, 3.5-inch, floppy drive.
To use a floppy disk in your computer, insert it into the floppy drive (Figure 29).
Floppy Disk Eject Button
Figure 29. Inserting a Floppy Disk
To remove a floppy disk, press the floppy disk eject button on the front of the floppy
drive.
To protect the data on your floppy disks, follow the manufacturers guidelines.
Using the CD/DVD-ROM Drive
Compact discs are designed so that you can easily insert one into the computer when
you need it, and then remove it.
DVD Notes:
You may also purchase an optional CD/DVD device to view videos recorded
on the CD/DVD medium. You will have to install the provided DVD software to
view the DVD Title.
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1. Press the button on the CD-ROM or DVD-ROM drive, and the tray slides out. (Do
not lean on the tray; because it will not support much weight.)
CD/DVD drive precautions.
Do not place reflective objects in the disc slot because of possible hazardous
laser emissions.
The laser beam used in this CD/DVD-ROM drive is harmful to the eyes. Do not
attempt to disassemble the CD/DVD-ROM drive. Refer servicing to your
authorized service center.
Do not touch the CD/DVD lens, doing so may damage the device.
CD/DVD tray fails to slide out
The tray may be stuck, in which case straighten out a paper clip,
insert
it into the Emergency Eject hole in the front of the CD/DVD-ROM and push it
until the tray ejects.
CD/DVD LED On
A LED on the drive tray is on when the computer is reading from a CD. Do not
remove a disc when this LED is on.
Proper CD/DVD Handling Techniques.
To clean a CD/DVD, wipe from the center outwards with clean and dry cloth.
Remove the CD/DVD when the drive activity LED is off.
2. Insert a CD/DVD, label side up (or remove a disc, if you have finished using it).
3. Push the tray in gently to close the drive tray (Figure 30).
Eject Button
Emergency Eject Hole
CD/DVD-ROM LED
Figure 30. Using the CD/DVD-ROM Drive
Install and/or start a CD-based program as you would run a program on a floppy disk.
See your operating system documentation for more information on running programs.
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Working with PCMCIA (PC) Cards
By installing PC Cards, you can add functions to your notebook computer similar to
those found on add-in boards for desktop computers. Available PC Cards include:
• Input/output, such as modem, network, video capture, and SCSI cards.
• Storage, such as hard drive and flash memory cards.
Your computer includes the following PC Card support:
• One PC-Card slot: You can install Type I or II cards in the slot.
• CardBus hardware and software: CardBus enables the computer to use 32-bit
PCMCIA Cards. Windows Me supports 32-bit and 16-bit PC Cards.
• Zoomed video: Both PC Card slots and the video chip on your computer
support zoomed video. When you install a zoom video PC Card slot, data can
be transferred directly from the PC Card to video and audio systems without
going through the microprocessor. Video conferencing and real-time
multimedia devices, such as video cameras, are supported by zoomed video.
Maintaining PC Cards
To maintain your PC Cards, follow these guidelines:
• Keep cards away from excessive heat, direct sunlight, and liquids.
• Do not drop, bend, flex, or crush cards when handling.
• Keep dust, oil, water, magnets, and static electricity away from PC Cards.
• When a card is not in use, carry it in its protective carrying case.
• Some PC Cards include cables that extend from the back of the cards. Be
careful not to bend or put excessive strain on these cables.
Using PC Cards
You can install PC Cards while the computer is on.
To insert a PC Card into a slot:
1. Push the slot door in with the PC Card.
2. Align the card with a slot and insert the card into the slot until it locks in place. See
“Using PC Cards” on page 37.
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The eject button for the card slot operates in two steps, therefore to remove a PC Card:
1. Push the eject button once to pop it outward.
2. Push the eject button again, then the card will be ejected.
Eject button
PC Card
Insert PC card with product
information facing up
Figure 31. Inserting a PC Card
Windows Me
Windows Me automatically assigns computer resources (such as communication ports
and memory addresses) to the PC Card installed in your computer.
To remove a PC Card from your computer if your operating system is Windows
Me:
Use the following procedures to remove PC Cards, or you may lose data
that is being stored to a card.
1. Click
icon on the taskbar.
2. Select the name of the card you want to remove, and then click the Stop button.
3. Push the card eject button on the side of the PC Card slot when prompted to do so.
4. Pull the card out of the PC Card slot.
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Multi Media Functions/Equipment
Media Player
You can play video and audio CD files with the Windows Media Player, as well as
watching TV, video and listening to the radio through internet. The on-board audio
hardware and software of your computer enable the computer to play audio/video
compact discs. The instructions to play a video CD-ROM are the same as the
instructions for the audio CD below. If you wish to do so, you can attach external
speakers to the Headphone jack.
Playing a Audio/Multimedia CD-ROM
To play an Audio CD follow the instructions below:
1. Insert a compact disc into your CD-ROM drive.
2. Press the button on the CD-ROM drive to open the CD-ROM device.
3. Insert a CD, label side up.
4. Carefully push the tray in to close the drive tray. The Windows Media Player
button appears on the taskbar if not already there, and the music begins to play. If
the disk does not play click
icon on the Windows task bar then navigate to the
CD drive using the file open menu.
Display
Play List
Play List
Change Mode
Play Button
Stop Button
Volume Control
Figure 32. Windows Media Player
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CD LED On
A LED on the drive tray is on when the computer is reading from a CD. Do not
remove a disc when this LED is on.
Removing the Audio CD
To remove the CD follow the instructions below:
1. Click
on the Windows taskbar to open the Windows Media Player window, if
not already open.
2. Click Stop in the Windows Media Player window or simply close the Windows
media player. See Figure 32.
3. Press the button on your CD-ROM drive. The drive tray opens and you can remove
the CD from the CD-ROM drive.
4. For more information on playing compact discs, see the Help menu in the
Windows Media Player window.
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Movie Maker
You can edit audio and video data using this Movie Maker that is included with
Windows Me. It is also possible to make a slide show with each frame or picture.
To start the program:
Click Start > Programs > Accessories > Windows Movie Maker.
Tool Bar
Monitor
Collections
Workspace
Figure 33. Windows Movie Maker
Please refer to the on-line help manual to operate the Windows Movie
Maker.
Volume Control
Using the Keyboard
Changing the volume with your keyboard.
Use
+
to decrease the volume or
+
to increase the volume.
Using the Volume Control Icon
Double-Click
icon in the active program tray. The Volume Control window pops
up. Use this window to adjust the volume. You can pop up a simple volume slider by a
single click
icon.
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MP3 Player
The flash memory size of the MP3 Player is 32 MB, but the memory size
could be different from system to system.
Your system has a MP3 player integrated inside the computer chassis. You can
download songs from internet and save them on your system. You can use the MP3
player to listen to music even though the system is powered off.
FF (Forward)
Play/Stop
REW (Rewind)
REC/Erase
Power slide bar
Off / Music / Voice
LCD
Equalizer
Preset: Classic/Rock/Pop
Ear-phone connector
Figure 34. MP3 Controller Top/Right View
REP (Repeat)
Repeat: repeat one MP3 file
All: repeat every MP3 file
Shuffle: mix the order of the file
VOL (Volume)
HOLD
Lock the MP3 controller buttons
except the Power slide bar.
Figure 35. MP3 Controller Bottom/Left View
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Listening to a MP3 file
To listen to your MP3 files simply follow the steps below:
1. Make a new folder on your system hard drive to store your MP3 files.
2. Connect MP3 controller to its jack on front of a system.
Figure 36. Connecting MP3 Controller
3. Connect ear-phone to the MP3 controller.
Ear-phones
Microphone
Figure 37. Headphone Hookup
4. Click Start > MP3 Loader > MP3 Loader.
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Download Button
Flash Memory Used/Free
Indicator Bar
Figure 38. MP3 Loader
5. Open the folder you saved the MP3 files on the hard disk. The files will be shown
in the middle part of the window in a similar manner to Windows Explorer.
6. Select files you want to save to the flash memory of MP3 Player.
7. Click
.
You may also use the standard windows drag and drop method to move your files.
Repeat this step until you have downloaded all of your selections or you have run
out of memory.
8. Close the MP3 loader.
The MP3 player will not operate with the MP3 loader open. "PC" will be
displayed in the led window of the player.
9. Slide the Power Slide bar to Music mode. A musical note . icon will appear on
the LCD of MP3 controller.
10. Press Play/Stop button to play MP3 files. The MP3 file number and the playing
time will be displayed on the LCD of the controller.
Refer to the on-line help of the program.
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Voice Recorder
You can use the microphone attached to the ear-phone to record your voice or other
sounds into the MP3 Player.
Recording
1. Slide the Power Slide bar to Voice mode. A microphone ( ) icon will appear on
the LCD of MP3 controller.
2. Press REC/Erase button to record your voice. The track number and recording
time will be shown on the LCD of the MP3 controller.
3. Press REC/Erase button again to finish recording.
4. To listen to what you recorded, press Play/Stop button.
Delete Recording
1. Select a file (recorded file) from your MP3 controller that you wish to delete.
2. Press REC/Erase button for greater than 1 second. Next ‘ERASE’ message is
displayed and blinks on the LCD, it means that the MP3 Player is ready to erase
what you have chosen.
3. When ‘ERASE’ message is blinking, press REC/Erase button for greater than 1
second to erase the file.
If you are using MP3 Loader program, it is easier to erase the file by
deleting a file from flash memory.
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Using the Battery
Your computer uses a smart rechargeable Lithium-ion (Li-ion) battery pack for power
when the AC adapter is not attached to an electrical outlet. The smart battery gives a
accurate measurement of the current battery capacity which helps extend operating
time by enabling effective power management in operating systems that take
advantage of the accurate information supplied by the battery.
Charging the Battery
Your computer’s battery starts charging automatically when you connect the power to
the computer and to an electrical outlet. If the computer is off, the battery charges faster
than if the computer’s power is on.
Approximate charging times for the Li-Ion battery are:
• 1.5 hours with the computer off (Standard battery) and 3 hours (Long Life
battery).
• 4 hours with the computer on (Standard battery) and 8 hours (Long Life
battery).
While the battery is charging normally, the battery Status LED on the computer is
amber (See “Reading the System Status LEDs” on page 26 for the location of the
battery Status LED). When the battery is fully charged, the LED changes to green.
When you use a new battery pack for the first time or use a battery after a long period
of storage, the initial battery life is shorter than normal. Normal battery life resumes
after a few discharge-recharge cycles.
Follow these rules for charging your battery:
• A battery normally discharges power when not used for long periods of time.
Be sure to recharge the battery every two months when it is not in use.
• Make it a practice to discharge your battery fully before recharging the battery.
This can help extend the life of the battery.
• Do not attempt to charge the battery in temperatures of under 50o F (10o C) or
over 90o F (32oC.)
• If you will not be using the computer for a long period of time (a month or
more), you should completely charge the battery. After you have done so,
remove the battery from the unit.
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All batteries eventually wear out and lose the ability to hold a charge.
You may need to replace your battery pack after a year of average usage.
All batteries lose their charge if they sit unused for an extended time
period. When not used, battery can discharge fully in 2 to 3 months.
Increasing Battery Life
If you plan to use your notebook computer without the docking station, increase battery
life using the following methods.
General Environment
Using the methods below you can increase battery life by as much as 1.5 times.
• Detach the docking station.
• Detach any unnecessary USB and PS/2 devices - (camera, mouse, keyboard
etc.)
• Do not use any Multimedia programs - (Windows Media Player, audio/video
CDs) unless absolutely necessary.
Adjust LCD Brightness
Reducing the LCD display brightness will reduce the power consumption of the
battery. However, if you require the screen to be bright the computer will automatically
reduce the brightness after 20 minutes of inactivity. The screen will be returned to
original settings when you resume your activities.
To reduce the LCD display brightness use the
+
key combination.
Power Management
To change the time until your computer goes into reduced power modes, use the system
power management function.
1. Click Start > Settings > Control Panel.
2. Double-Click Power Options.
The power options panel enables you to reduce the time until your computer goes into
standby mode for example. See “Using Power Management Options” on page 57 for
instructions on how to use this battery saving tool.
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Battery Calibration
Calibrating your battery once a month is one of the recommended methods of
increasing your computer’s battery life. To calibrate the battery complete the following
steps:
Calibration Notes:
You should start the battery calibration process with a fully charged battery,
battery status LED is green. The power meter may not show 100%.
Before you commence the battery calibration process you should fully charge,
then fully discharge and finally fully recharge the battery again.
1. Disconnect the AC power adapter after turning off the system.
2. Restart your computer and press
to enter BIOS setup.
3. Using the arrow keys, highlight Battery Calibration in the Power menu.
4. Press
to start calibration process. The calibration usually takes 2 to 3 hours
depending on the current battery charge.
5. When the calibration process is complete, recharge the battery fully.
Safely Using the Battery
Follow these guidelines to safely use the battery:
• Turn off your computer and unplug it if you accidentally:
– Expose the equipment to liquid.
– Drop, jar, or damage the computer.
• Use only approved battery chargers.
• Do not disassemble the battery, heat it above 212° F (100° C), or burn it. The
battery used in this computer may cause a fire or chemical burn if mistreated.
• Your computer's rechargeable battery may be considered hazardous waste.
If you replace your battery with a new one:
– Keep the old battery out of the reach of children.
– Dispose of the old battery promptly.
– Make sure that you follow all local requirements when you dispose of the old
battery.
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Removing the Battery
Your computer comes with the battery pack inserted in the computer. To remove the
battery from the computer:
1. Turn the computer’s power off and close the LCD display panel.
2. Undock the computer if docked. See “Docking/Undocking your Computer” on
page 7.
3. Turn the computer over so that the bottom of the unit is facing up.
4. Slide the locking battery latch to the unlock position.
Locking Battery Latch
Battery Latch
Figure 39. Removing the Battery Pack
5. Slide and hold the remaining battery latch outward and slide the battery out of the
compartment.
Installing the Battery
To install the battery pack, follow the steps below:
Insert the battery into the battery compartment. Ensure the correct
orientation so that the battery fits in its slot properly.
1. With the computer’s power off, close the LCD panel and turn the computer over
so the bottom of the unit faces up.
2. Slide the battery into the battery pack into the compartment (Figure 40). Ensure the
battery is fully inserted into the compartment.
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3. Slide the battery pack latches toward the center of the computer. Make sure the
locking battery latch is in the lock position.
Locking Battery Latch
Figure 40. Installing the Battery
Monitoring the Battery Charge
Battery life is affected by factors such as the power-management settings in System
Setup, the applications you use, and the brightness settings of the LCD. Under normal
usage, the battery charge lasts approximately 3 hours for standard battery (undocked),
1 1/2 on standard battery (docked) and approximately 5 hours for the long life battery
(undocked).
Battery life estimates are subject to variation. The actual life of your
battery may be less than the estimates given in the manual.
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Power Meter
The Power Meter displays the charge of the batteries and the current source of
computer power, AC or batteries. You may monitor the battery charge or usage by
using the “Power Meter”. To access the power meter click
icon on the task bar or
click Start > Control Panel > Power Options > Power Meter tab.
Figure 41. Power Meter
You may also check battery charge by moving the cursor to the
box will display the % of charge.
icon, a small dialog
Battery Warnings
If the battery charge is low (about 10%) you have approximately 5–10 minutes of
battery life left. You should:
• Save your work and.
• Connect the power cord the computer or turn off the computer and install a
fully charged battery.
You can adjust the battery alarm features by using the operating systems power
management program (Control Panel > Power management in Windows Me).
If you cannot run your computer from the battery and the battery will not charge when
you attach the power cord, the problem may be that:
• The battery temperature is below 50° F (10° C) or over 90° F (32° C). If you
think the battery temperature is too hot or too cold, turn off the computer,
remove the battery, and let the battery reach room temperature. Then try
charging the battery again.
• The battery is defective. Replace the battery with a new battery.
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Using System Setup
The System Setup program enables you to configure your computer hardware and set
security and power-savings options. The settings you choose are stored in batterymaintained CMOS memory that saves the information even when the computer’s
power is turned off. When your computer is turned back on, it is configured with the
values found in this memory.
Run System Setup if you get a message prompting you to run the program. You may
also want to run System Setup, particularly the first time you use your computer, to set
the time and date, use security or power-management features, or alter the settings of
other features.
Your computer’s version of System Setup may not include all the fields
listed here or may include additional fields. Field names and order of
appearance can vary according to the version of the BIOS (basic input/
output system) on your computer.
Starting System Setup
To start System Setup, turn on your computer and then press
System Setup screen appears.
and hold until the
The top of the System Setup screen has a menu bar with the selections listed in Table 5.
Table 5. System Setup Menus
Menu
Function
Main
Changes the basic system configuration.
Advanced
Configures advanced features on your computer.
Security
Enables security features, including passwords and backup
and virus-check reminders.
Power
Configures power-management features.
Boot
Specifies the order of boot devices and configures boot
features.
Exit
Specifies how to exit System Setup.
To open the menu you need to use, use the left or right arrow keys to select the menu
name.
Table 6 lists the keys you can use to navigate through System Setup.
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Table 6. System Setup Navigation Keys
Navigation Key
Function
Displays the General Help window.
Exits the current menu.
or
or
Selects different menus. Pressing the ESC key at the Main
menu brings you to the Exit menu.
Moves the cursor up and down between fields.
Moves the cursor forward through the cells for a highlighted
field. If the field has only one cell, the Tab key moves the
cursor down to the next field.
Scrolls backwards through the options for the highlighted field.
Scrolls forward through the options for the highlighted field.
Sets the parameters for the current menu to their default
values.
Sets the parameters for the current menu to their previous
values.
Executes commands or opens a submenu.
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Changing Booting Priority
The Boot menu in System Setup enables you to select the booting device and to set
booting options.
Boot Device Priority field enables:
You to select the order in which the computer attempts to boot from different devices.
The field has four options: Diskette Drive, Removable Devices, Hard Drive, and
ATAPI CD/DVD-ROM Drive.
To change the booting device priority, choose the device positions by completing
the following:
1. At startup, press
2. Use
to open System Setup.
to select the Boot menu.
3. Press
in the Boot Device Priority field.
4. Highlight the option with
or
keys.
or
5. Use
keys until the option moves up or down in the list of options and
the number 1, 2, 3, or 4 appears beside the option.
6. Press
to return to the Boot menu.
The default setting is 1. Diskette Drive, 2. Removable Devices, 3. Hard Drive, 4. ATAPI
CD/DVD-ROM Drive.
7. Press
to go to the exit menu.
8. Select Exit Save Changes, press
9. Press
.
again to restart the computer.
If you want to start the system using a bootable CD, change the ATAPI
CD-ROM Drive to be the first priority and make sure that Auto is set in the
Type field of the Secondary Master Submenu at Main page.
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Using System Security
This section describes the security options provided with your computer.
System Passwords
The computer provides two levels of password security: administrative-level
(supervisor) and user-level (user). Either password prevents unauthorized access to the
computer. The supervisor password enables full access to all System Setup fields. The
user password enables full access to only the Set User Password and Password on
boot security fields and read access to all other System Setup fields.
If multiple users have access to the computer (such as in a network environment), a
supervisor password can prevent unauthorized access to certain security options.
Choose the type of password security that is appropriate for your work. If you want to
set a user password, you must set a supervisor password first.
If You Forget Your Password
It is very important that you do not forget your password. If you do, you cannot access
your system. Write your password down and keep it in a safe place. If you do forget
and cannot find the written note, you will have to contact the reseller of your computer
and possibly take or send it in to them so that you can access the computer again.
Creating a Password
To create a password follow the instructions below:
1. At startup, press
to open System Setup.
2. Use
to select the Security menu.
3. Use
to select Set Supervisor Password or Set User Password.
4. Press
. The Set Password dialog box appears.
5. Type a password of up to seven characters.
Precautions for Password Entry:
You can enter letters or numbers, but you cannot use the function keys, such
as the Shift key. Your computer does not distinguish between capitalized and
lowercase letters in your password. As you type the password, the cursor
moves but your password does not appear on the screen.
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6. Press
after you have typed your password. The computer prompts you to
reenter your password for verification.
7. Type your password again and press
the changes have been saved.
8. Press
9. Press
again to return to the Security menu.
to go to the Exit menu.
10. Select Exit Saving Changes, press
11. Press
. A message appears telling you that
.
again to restart the computer.
Deleting a Password
To delete the password follow the steps below:
1. At startup, press
to open System Setup.
2. Type your password when prompted and press
.
3. Use
to select the Security menu.
4. Use
to select Set Supervisor Password or Set User Password.
5. Press
. The computer prompts you to enter the current password.
6. Press
anything.
. The computer prompts you to enter a password. Do not type
7. Press
anything.
. The computer prompts you to re-enter the password. Do not type
8. Press
. A message appears telling you that the changes have been saved.
9. Press
again to return to the Security menu.
10. Press
to go to the Exit menu.
11. Select Exit Saving Changes, press
12. Press
.
again to restart the computer.
To enable the prompt, select the option Enabled in the Password on boot
field in System Setup.
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Using Power Management Options
Your computer includes Power Management options that can help the battery charge
last longer and extend the life of the battery. Power-management options will slow
down or shut off system components when the components are not being used.
Power management may slow down system performance. Your computer runs fastest
with the power cord attached, when power management is disabled.
In the next sections, basic and advanced methods of power management will be
discussed.
Intel SpeedStepTM
There are two methods to change the Intel SpeedStep TM setting, they are explained
below.
BIOS Interface
Intel SpeedStepTM will control the CPU speed on your system according to the kind of
power supply as part of power saving management.
To use this function, your system must meet the conditions below:
• Intel SpeedStepTM supporting CPU
• Application for SpeedStepTM function
• BIOS Support
To start or verify Intel SpeedStepTM is operational complete the following:
1. Start your computer and press
to enter BIOS setup.
2. Go to System Power menu
3. Select the Intel(R) SpeedStepTM field and select one of the following options:
• Performance: The CPU runs at high speed regardless of the type of power
supply. Battery life is the shortest.
• Battery: The CPU runs at low speed regardless of the type of power supply.
Battery life is the longest.
• Automatic: The CPU speed is changed according to the type of power supply.
(It is recommended you select this option)
• Disabled: Disables this function
4. Press
to save and exit system setup
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Task Bar Interface
You may change the Intel SpeedStepTM setting by double clicking on the
icon on
the task bar. This will open the Intel(R) SpeedStepTM technology popup window.
The following will explain each of the above numbered items.
1. This option will allow automatic or “Ask me before automatically changing” CPU
speed changes based on the power supply source.
2. Each power supply option has a drop down window and when you click on the
arrow the drop down selector appears, displayed in number above. These
options allow the user to set operation of the CPU based on the power supply
source.
3. These are the available options for each type of supplied power.
4. The Intel(R) SpeedStepTM technology [Advanced] popup window has 3 options
that are self explanatory.
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Basic Power Management Schemes
This section discusses the basic schemes of power management when the computer is
operating on battery power or using AC power.
Standby vs. Hibernation
Standby unlike hibernation mode does not store unsaved information on your
hard disk; it's stored only in the computer memory. If there is an interruption in
power, the information is lost. So before putting your computer on standby,
you should save your files.
Changing Devices:
Do not change devices while in standby or hibernate modes.
To enter the power management window complete the following:
1. Click Start > Settings > Control Panel.
2. Double-Click
icon to display the Power Options Properties window.
3. Click the Power Schemes tab to display the basic power management options.
4. Select the time that you wish each of the following actions to occur in Battery and
AC power mode.
• Turn off the monitor.
• Turn off the all hard disks.
• System standby mode.
• System hibernation mode.
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Power Schemes Tab
Figure 42. Power Options Properties - Power Schemes
Turning off the monitor and HDDs will save a substantial battery power, therefore
when in battery only mode select the shortest time practical.
, Hibernate Mode (Power Management or Manual Method)
When hibernation is used, your computer turns off and when you power up again,
everything is restored exactly as you left it—including programs and documents you
may not have saved or closed. Everything in memory gets saved to the HDD, and
the monitor and hard disk get turned off.
Frequent Interruptions:
If you experience frequent interruptions, you might also consider putting your
computer into automatic hibernation after a specified number of minutes using
the power management options.
, Standby Mode (Power Management or Manual Method)
Standby is used mainly for conserving battery power in your notebook computer. It
also gives you the benefit of getting right back to your work without waiting for the
computer to restart. Standby turns off your monitor and hard disks, placing your
entire system in a low-power state. When you return to your computer, restores your
desktop exactly as you left it. It is recommended that you do not enter standby mode
with less than 20% battery power.
5. Click OK to set your power management options and close the window.
The manual <Fn + F9> key combination will not work to go into Standby
or Hibernate modes while you are playing a multimedia program or using
the USB camera
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Advanced Power Management Schemes
This section discusses the advanced power management schemes. There are two
buttons that you can use to manually conserve power.
To enter the power management window complete the following:
1. Click Start > Settings > Control Panel.
2. Double-Click
icon to display the Power Options Properties window
3. Click the Advanced tab to display the advanced power management options.
Advanced Tab
Button Programming
Windows
Figure 43. Power Options Properties - Advanced
4. Select the mode (Standby/Hibernate/Power Off) that you wish to assign to the
Power button and/or Sleep
key.
The "Sleep" key is assigned to the
+
key combination.
See “Basic Power Management Schemes” on page 59 for meaning of
Standby and Hibernate modes.
5. Click OK to set your power management options and close the window.
You can return to normal operation after you have used one of the “Power
Management” buttons by quickly pushing and releasing the Power button.
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Installing a New HDD
This section discusses installing a new HDD and other basic HDD operations.
Installing/Reinstalling a HDD
To install a new HDD you must contact your local service representative. He will
do the physical change of the drive. You should complete the instructions below
before you go to the service center.
See the information below before you install your HDD:
• Back up data files of your old hard drive.
• For system boot with CD-ROM, under the Boot menu in System setup, set
Bootable CD Check to Enabled and set Boot Device Priority is ordered starting
from the [DVD/CD-ROM].
When you are ready to install the new HDD use the Recovery CD-ROM to install the
device driver.
Using FDISK Utility
To use the FDISK utility:
1. Set the system boot with CD-ROM, press
prompt only”.
to boot with “Safe mode command
2. Operate Fdisk.exe, type A:\>fdisk.
3.
Press Enter.
4. When Do you wish to enable large disk support (Y/N)...? shows.
5. Select Y and press Enter.
6. Select 1. Create DOS partition or Logical DOS Drive field in [FDISK Options].
7. Select Create Primary DOS Partition field in [Create DOS Partition or Logical
DOS Drive].
8. Press Enter to start creating Primary DOS Partition.
9. Finish the Fdisk by pressing
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10. Display the HDD information using #4 in the FDISK menu. verify the size of the
HDD partition.
11. Press the power button to reboot the system.
Formatting the HDD
To format the HDD complete the following:
1. Boot system by CD-ROM.
2. Operate Format.exe, type ‘A:/format c: /s’ and press Enter.
3. Warning message saying all the data will be removed shows, typeY for Proceed
with Format (Y/N)? and press Enter.
4. Type the drive label (if one is desired) and press Enter.
(Re)Installing Windows and Device Drivers
Use System Recovery CD to (re)install OS and System Software CD to (re)install
device’ drivers.
The System Recovery CD is used to (re)install the OS and System
Software to a new HDD or recover from a system crash.
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Video Features and Configuration
Your computer includes a TFT LCD or active-matrix display. The capabilities of the
screen plus the video drivers installed on the computer determine the quality of the
image your LCD can display.
The following sections describe the display capabilities of your computer.
Adjusting the LCD Display
You may wish to adjust the LCD (Liquid-Crystal Display) when you begin using your
computer. A TFT (Thin-Film Transistor) LCD does not require adjustment for contrast
because the contrast is set to remain at maximum.
To adjust the LCD:
• Press
• Press
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+
+
to decrease the display brightness.
to increase the display brightness.
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Resolution and Color Depth
z-
5X -
Display supported
Display Supported except for DVD
Display not supported
Use either LCD or CRT when using the DVD player but not both.
LCD Only
CRT
C o lo r
Re fres
h R at
e
640 X 480
Optimal
z
z
z
256 Color
16 bit
32 bit
Default
z
z
z
800 X 600
Optimal
z
z
z
Default
z
z
z
1024 X 768
Optimal
z
z
z
Default
z
z
z
CRT Only
CRT
C o lo r
R efre
sh Ra te
640 X 480
Optimal
z
z
z
256 Color
16 bit
32 bit
Default
z
z
z
800 X 600
Optimal
z
z
z
Default
z
z
z
1024 X 768
Optimal
z
z
z
Default
z
z
z
1280 X 1064
1400 X 1050
1600 X 1200
Optimal
Default
Optimal
Default
Optimal
Default
x
x
x
x
z
z
z
z
z
z
z
z
z
z
z
z
Dual Monitor (LCD & CRT)
CRT
C o lo r
Re fres
256 Color
16 bit
32 bit
h R at
e
640 X 480
Optimal
z
z
z
Default
z
z
z
800 X 600
Optimal
z
z
Default
z
z
z
1024 X 768
Optimal
z
Default
z
z
z
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Dual View (Using the LCD and CRT as 1 Display)
256 Color
C RT
L CD
Refr es
h R at
e
640 X 480
Optimal
z
z
z
640 X 480
800 X 600
1024 X 768
800 X 600
Default
z
z
z
Optimal
z
z
z
Default
z
z
z
1024 X 768
Optimal
z
z
z
Default
z
z
z
1280 X 1064
Optimal
z
z
z
Default
z
z
z
1400 X 1050
Optimal
Default
x
x
x
x
x
x
16 bit Color
C RT
L CD
Refr es
h Rate
640 X 480
Optimal
z
z
z
640 X 480
800 X 600
1024 X 768
800 X 600
Default
z
z
z
Optimal
z
z
z
Default
z
z
z
1024 X 768
Optimal
z
z
z
Default
z
z
z
1280 X 1064
Optimal
z
z
z
Default
z
z
z
1400 X 1050
Optimal
Default
x
x
x
x
x
x
32 bit Color
C RT
L CD
Refresh
640 X 480
800 X 600
1024 X 768
R ate
640 X 480
Optimal
z
z
800 X 600
Default
z
z
Optimal
z
z
Default
z
z
1024 X 768
Optimal
Default
z
z
1280 X 1064
1400 X 1050
Optimal
Default
Optimal
Default
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
Configuring Display Features
The following sections describe how to configure the display settings on your
computer.
Selecting a Monitor Type
When you attach an external monitor to your computer, Windows Me automatically
selects display settings for it. If you wish, you can adjust the display settings by
selecting a monitor type:
1. Click Start > Settings > Control Panel.
2. Double-Click
icon. The Display Properties window appears.
3. Click the Settings tab. The Settings screen appears.
4. Click the Advanced button. The Advanced Properties screen appears.
5. Click the Monitor tab.
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6. Click Change. The Update Device Driver Wizard screen appears.
7. Click Next.
8. Select Display a list of all the drivers in a specific location, so you can select
the driver you want radio button.
9. Click Next.
10. Select Show all hardware radio button.
11. Select the manufacturer and model setting that matches your external monitor.
Your computer has an intelligent video chip set that automatically
matches your LCD panel resolution and frequency when an external
monitor is not present.
12. Click Next.
13. The Update Device Driver Wizard screen appears showing the driver location of
the device you have selected.
14. Click Next.
15. Follow any prompts that appear on the screen.
Changing Color Depth and Resolution
To change the colour depth and resolution of your LCD or external monitor:
1. Click Start > Settings > Control Panel.
2. Double-Click
icon. The Display Properties window appears.
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3. Click the Settings tab. The Settings screen appears.
Display Properties - Settings
Resolution Slider
Color Palette
Figure 44. Display Properties Window
4. To change the colour depth, click the arrow next to Color palette and select the
colour depth you want.
5. To change the resolution, click and drag the slider under the Screen area until you
select the resolution you want.
6. Click OK.
7. Follow the prompts that appear on the screen.
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Using the TV-Out Port
This feature is only available with Windows Me. Using the TV-out port, a compatible
TV or other compatible display device can be connected and an image displayed. No
Audio is transmitted through the TV-Out port. To check if and how your TV displays
the TV-out signal, see the documentation included with your TV.
Concurrent enabling of the LCD and TV is not supported. Therefore it is
recommended either the TV or LCD is used. While TV is ON, pressing
disables TV-Out.
+
To enable TV-out:
1. Connect the TV to the TV-Out port using an appropriate cable.
2. Enter System Setup and under the Advanced menu, set TV Out Mode to the
appropriate standard for your TV. (Default is NTSC, if you need to change go to
BIOS setup).
3. Reboot your computer.
4. Click the Start > Settings > Control Panel.
5. Double-Click
icon. The Display Properties window appears.
6. Click the Settings tab. The Settings screen appears.
7. Click the Advanced Properties button. The Advanced Properties screen appears.
8. Click the S3DuoVue tab. The system will now try to detect a TV connected to the
TV-out port.
9. Put a tick in the box under the TV symbol if it is detected.
If the TV symbol is greyed out then the system has not detected a TV,
check that the TV standard in the System Setup is set correctly and that
the TV is turned on and connected properly. And you can not use TV-out
port in DOS mode.
10. Click OK.
11. Follow the prompts that appear on the screen.
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Using Duo View Mode
Single View mode is used to be the basic display method until now which displays
same view on all the display devices connected to a system. While Duo View mode is
the “Extended screen mode” supported in Windows Me, which displays separate views
on each display devices connected to a system.
The default setting on your system is Single View mode.
Setting Duo View Mode
To set Duo View mode on your system:
1. Connect peripheral display device such as monitor or TV to your system and start
the system.
2. Select Start > Settings > Control panel.
3. Double-Click
icon. The Display Properties window appears.
4. Click the Settings tab. The Settings screen appears.
5. Click the second monitor among two monitor pictures.
6. When ~ Do you want to enable this monitor? message appears, then select Yes.
7. Click OK.
To confirm whether the system is set properly with Duo View mode:
1. Open Display properties and click Settings tab.
2. Place the cursor on the first monitor picture and click and hold over a second, a
number 1 will be shown on the first actual monitor screen. And place the cursor on
the second monitor picture and click and hold over a second, then digit number2
will be shown on the second actual monitor screen.
3. The monitor displays digit number 1 is the primary monitor and number 2 is the
secondary monitor.
In Windows explorer, the program is displayed on the primary monitor, if you can
drag it to the secondary monitor, then Duo View mode is now working properly.
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Figure 45. Dual View - Display Menu
The secondary monitor has a display of 256 colors (color depth) and 640x480 pixels
(resolution) at first. The color depth and resolution of primary/secondary monitors are
separately changeable.
To reset the system to Single View mode:
1. Start Display properties.
2. Click Settings tab.
3. Click the second monitor among two monitor pictures.
4. Uncheck Extend my Windows desktop onto this monitor.
5. Click OK.
Figure 46. Computer in Duo View Mode
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Using Options
You can order the following options for your Notebook computer from your authorized
reseller:
• An extra AC adapter.
• A battery pack. [Standard or Long Life size]
• An upgraded hard drive. Optional hard drives are available to fit in the hard
drive compartment or the 3.5" multi-bay of the docking station.
• 64,128 and 256 MB SDRAM memory modules that enable you to upgrade your
computer’s memory to a maximum of 320MB.
• A CD-ROM drive module. [5.25" Multi-bay]
• A DVD-ROM drive module. [5.25" Multi-bay]
• A CD-RW drive module. [5.25" Multi-bay]
• A Zip 250 Mb drive. [3.5" Multi-bay]
The options that are available may change periodically. Contact your reseller for
updated information on current and new options.
Memory Module
You can increase system memory by installing an optional 64,128 or 256 MB memory
module.
Before You Install Memory
To prevent personal injury and damage to the equipment, follow the
precautions listed here before installing a memory module.
Take the following precautions when installing a memory module:
• Before you remove the memory module compartment door, turn off the
computer, unplug the power cord, and remove the battery. Also, disconnect any
peripheral devices.
• Before handling a memory module, discharge any static electricity by touching
a grounded surface or using a grounding wrist strap.
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• Do not insert objects with conductive material, such as metal screwdrivers or
graphite pencils, into the memory-module compartment.
• Be careful in handling the metal plate of the memory door.
To avoid possible system problems, use only an approved memory
module in your computer.
Installing a Memory Module
Handle a memory module carefully. Hold them only by the edges.
To install a memory module:
1. Turn the computer over so that the bottom faces up.
2. Using a screwdriver, remove the screw that holds the memory-module
compartment door in place. (Figure 47).
Figure 47. Removing the Memory Module Compartment Door
3. Grasp the edge of the door and pull the door off the chassis.
Memory Module Precautions:
When removing the module, pull on the plastic portion of the connector slots
tabs only. Do not pull on the metal part of the tabs, this may damage the tabs.
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4. Remove the installed module if necessary.
a. Pull the tabs on the connector slot outward slightly, until the edge of the memory
module pops up.
b. Hold the memory module by the edges and pull it forward out of the
compartment.
5. Align the connector on the memory module with the connector of the slot.
6. Push the memory module into the slot at a slight angle until the connectors are fully
engaged (Figure 48).
Figure 48. Installing a Memory Module
7. Push down on the edge of the memory module until the module snaps into place.
8. Align the memory module compartment door with the compartment and push the
door down until it snaps into place.
9. Reinstall the screw you removed in step 2.
10. Turn on the computer and perform a complete POST to check the memory
integrity.
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Troubleshooting
If you ever have difficulty running your computer, follow these steps:
1. Consult the following sections for advice on how to handle system problems.
2. If steps 1 do not help you to resolve the problem, contact your reseller.
3. Refer to warnings, cautions and notes within applicable portion of this manual.
4. Refer to “Windows” and other “Program” manuals as applicable.
Operating Problems
This section tells you what to do if you have problems running your computer. If any
problem persists after you take corrective action, contact your reseller for assistance.
The computer does nothing when you turn it on.
Has the battery run down? Connect the power cord to get power and recharge the
battery. Try turning on the computer again.
Some of the letter keys type numbers instead of the indicated letters.
Is the Num Lock LED on? If so, the numeric keypad on the keyboard is active. To
return the keypad keys to typing letters, press
.
Battery power seems to run out faster than expected.
If you are running the computer from the battery rather than the power cord, make
sure that you set the Idle Mode field in System Setup to On. This setting enables
the microprocessor and the hard drive to slow down when the computer is not
busy.
Certain software programs “hang” during operations when there is no
interaction with the keyboard or peripheral devices.
Your computer may be in Suspend or Rest mode. Tap the touchpad to resume
from Suspend or press the power button to resume from rest.
A PC Card does not work correctly.
Make sure that the PC Card is inserted left side up in the PC Card slot. Check that
the card is inserted fully into the slot. If you are using a PC Card modem, check
the modem cable connections.
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The System Setup settings are not retained when you turn off the computer.
The CMOS battery inside the computer may need to be replaced. The CMOS
battery provides power to save the system BIOS information when the computer
is turned off. Normally, the CMOS battery lasts for several years. Do not attempt
to open the chassis and replace this battery yourself or your warranty is void. Have
an authorized the manufacturer’s service center replace the CMOS battery.
No sound.
Verify if the mute check box is checked or the volume is not turned down in the
pop up menu by clicking the speaker icon of the task bar.
Can not use the ZV card.
Check if the driver for the ZV card is VPE type. Contact the ZV card manufacturer
for detailed information.
Video Problems
Nothing appears on the LCD panel when you turn on the computer.
Adjust the brightness on a TFT LCD. Are you using an external monitor? If so,
press
to return to the LCD panel.
+
Error Message when entering Power Management while in Duo View mode.
If the secondary monitor is set to 256 colors, this error message could appear.
Change the color of the secondary monitor to ‘high color (16bit)’.
Nothing appears on the external monitor when you switch the display to it.
Is the monitor properly connected to the computer? Is the monitor’s power cord
connected to an AC wall outlet? Check the brightness and contrast controls on the
monitor. Does the program appear on the LCD panel instead of the external
monitor? If so, press
to switch to the monitor. Try turning the monitor
+
off and on again.
Only the LCD Display works when system returns from Power management
mode while in Duo View mode.
The system resets to the original BIOS setup when the system returns from the
power management mode. If the Display mode, in the Advanced menu of BIOS
setup is set to LCD, then only the LCD will be turned on when the system wakes
up. Set the Display mode in the BIOS to Both to turn on the LCD & CRT on
wakeup.
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The external monitor displays flashes or waves.
Check the cables between the monitor and the computer. Are they properly
installed?
Cannot toggle between CRT and LCD while playing the 3D game.
If you are using the Duo View mode, you can not use the <Fn> + < F5/CRT/LCD>
key combination and also you cannot use this function in 3D games using
Direct-X.
There is LCD or CRT has noise while playing a MPEG file with the Media
player/ DVD software or using the USB camera.
Adjust the resolution and the color to 1024 x 768 and 16 bit to display clearly, or
avoid playing two programs at the same time.
A desk, cpl error occurs and the Duo View icon disappears while changing the
resolution and color Display properties settings.
The resolution and the color you chose in the Display properties is not supported
by the video chip. Change the resolution and the color to 1024 x 768 and 16 bit.
If the connected CRT monitor display is not steady.
If the refresh rate is not optimal to the connected CRT, then this problem may
occur.
To correct this problem do the following:
1. Click Start > Settings > Control Panel.
2. Double Click the Display icon to open the Display properties.
3. Select Settings
4. Click the Advanced button.
5. Click the Adapter tab
6. Adjust the Refresh rate to optimal or other selections until you see the CRT
clearly.
Modem Problems
My modem doesn't connect to services or disconnects during communication
If your modem has difficulty in connecting to on-line services and sustaining
communications, firstly check the quality of the phone line. Interference from
certain devices or poor line power conditions may degrade the quality of your
connection. Under these conditions gradually reduce the communication speed of
your modem until a reliable connection is achieved.
Check your on-line service provider. Service line or service may be halted.
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When using a PBX phone system I can't dial on my modem.
If you use a PBX phone system you may need to press a number i.e. '9' to connect
to an external line, you should enter the following command before trying the
connection and check modem initialization.
ATX3&W
And add “9,” as the external line prefix (in our example) of the phone number
when using the dial command “ATDT9, 123-4567”.
Screen displays random or garbage characters during communications.
After your modem has connected to the on-line service, your screen may display
garbage characters or after-images in screen transitions. This problem is caused
by a mismatch of the terminal modes between communications service and
communications programs. You need to match the terminal modes to each other.
Refer the user's guide of the communications program you're using.
Reports error message that insufficient Hard Disk space is available.
Delete the unnecessary messages or data you received by Modem or Fax every
one to three months as required.
If you're using WWW of the internet, many picture and data files can get
downloaded to your HARD DISK every time you visit a home page, which will
consume a lot of your HARD DISK space. Delete the unnecessary messages or
data you received by Modem or Fax every one to three months as required. For
more detailed information about the method of deleting, refer to the help of the
Web browser you've been using or your user's guide.
Depending on telephone line status, or types of Fax machines/programs
that send/receive the Fax, Fax transmission/reception may not work
correctly. In that case, please try other Fax programs. (e.g. Microsoft
Fax)
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Driver Problems / Driver (Re)Installation
This section will discuss driver problems due to system crashes, accidental file
deletion, etc. Generally you will simply reinstall the driver. More detail is provided in
the sections below.
Windows Me Modem Driver (Re)Installation
Modem Driver (Re)Installation
Before you (re)install the modem drivers, check if the PCI Serial Controller under
Other devices of Device Manager tab of Control Panel on Windows exists. If it exists,
remove it first.
After that, (re)install the modem driver according to the instruction below.
You can also install the modem driver by specifying the directory
location of the modem driver file. When windows 98 automatically
detects the modem and starts the Add New Hardware Wizard dialog box
you may follow the instructions in the wizard or click on the cancel
button. (However, It is easier to not use the wizard)
1. Insert the CD or floppy diskette that contains the modem driver.
2. Click Start.
3. Click Run. Locate the directory that contain the modem driver.
4. Run setup.exe (ex D:\Driver\Combodrv\Modemdrv\WinMe\Setup.exe).
5. Click the OK button in the confirmation dialog box.
6. The setup program will copy the driver files into the correct system locations.
7. Restart the system by clicking OK.
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Selecting a Country
You have to check if the country is selected correctly before you use the modem.
Incorrect Country Selection:
If the country is not selected correctly, the modem may not work properly.
Therefore, you must check if the country you're calling from is selected
appropriately and then use the modem. If your modem only supports
“Domestic", you must select the country where you bought your notebook
computer. If you use the modem in other countries, your modem may not work
properly. If your modem supports "Worldwide", please check with your local
distributor which countries are supported by the SENS modem.
1. Click Start > Settings >Control Panel.
2. Double-Click the Telephony icon.
3. Go to the My Locations tab of Dialing Properties dialog. Select the country at
the I am in this country/region list box.
Confirming (Re)Installation of the Modem Driver
After the modem driver is (re)installed, check if the modem driver is (re)installed
properly.
1. Click Start > Settings >Control Panel.
2. Double-Click
icon.
3. Select the SENS LT56IDW Modem in the Diagnostics tab and then click More
Info... button.
4. The modem is properly installed if the contents of Command and Response appear
in the More Info... window.
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Modem Commands
The Modem includes the basic commands used by the Smart Modem of the Hayes
Corporation. Some additional commands have been added to it to improve its capacity.
What are AT Commands?
AT commands are the control commands of Fax modems developed by the Hayes
Corporation. AT commands are the industry standard and necessary for any fax
modem. It is used with the S-register to set the modem status.
Generally, AT commands are used by directly entering the command into any
communications program, like Hyper terminal.
You can do the jobs below more easily by using AT commands.
• Calling up or hanging up the phone in order to communicate by Computer
modem
• Choosing a modem in order to make the most efficient communication status.
But, as the communication programs are becoming more efficient and more intelligent
nowadays, users do not have to know all the AT commands. Only a few basic
commands are enough for computer communications.
Before Using AT Commands
AT commands can be used by entering them into terminal-based communication
programs directly. (Hyper terminal, CrossTalk, Procomm, etc.)
CompuServe, America On-line applications are not terminal-based communication
programs, but they are the communication programs based on a Graphic environment.
This kind of program can initiate the modem setting by entering AT commands in a
menu having a modem initialization command.
What you have to know before using AT commands is that there are two kinds of
modes when you use it.
Command mode:
If you turn on your computer and start communication by a communication program,
you can see a prompt on the terminal screen. Under such conditions, you can use AT
commands like calling, etc.
DATA mode:
In command mode, you can call by using AT commands and communicate with others
by connecting to other modems. You can call this status Data mode or On-line mode.
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In data mode, You can't use any AT commands except the +++ command, which has
+++ at the head.
If you stop communication and disconnect the phone, the Fax modem will run in
command mode again.
Using Command Mode during Communications
Sometimes, you have to use AT command while you're communicating with others via
modem. In this case, you can use +++ command for AT command without hanging up
your telephone. Pressing '+' three times makes fax modem change to command mode.
Of course, the telephone is not disconnected. (Don't press the Enter key after
input +++)
Connection may be lost depending on the server.
If you want return to Data mode from command mode, you only have to input ATO
and press the Enter key to start the communications again.
The mode can not be transferred from the command mode to data mode
depending on the server.
Using AT Commands
AT commands can be used in the following way. There's no difference between capital
letters and small letters, and all commands should include 'AT' as a prefix except ones,
which include 'A/' instead.
Also, Carriage Return saved in the S3 register should be entered in order to sign the
end of the command.
AT commandPress Enter key
Example:
ATDT 123-4567Press Enter and the modem dials to 123-4567
Display the result value
After entering AT commands, the result value is displayed on the screen.
The result value can be displayed during communication. Generally, the result will be
OK. According to the ATV command, the result can be displayed as Words or numeral
letters. (ATV0: Display as numeral letters, ATV1: Display as English words)
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Basic AT Commands
A/
Repeats the previous command in the buffer
ATA
Responds manually to incoming RING signals
+++
Switches from on-line mode to command mode
ATO
Switches from command mode to on-line mode
ATEn
Echo control
E0
Disables echoing of the commands to the screen
E1
Enables echoing of the commands to the screen
ATDT phone numberTouch tone dial
ATDP phone numberPulse dial
ATHn
Hook control
H0
On-Hook (same as hang-up)
H1
Off-Hook (same as hold-on)
ATLn
Modem speaker loudness control
L0~1
Low volume
L2
Medium volume
L3
High volume
ATMn
Modem speaker control
M0
Disables modem speaker
M1
Enables only when in connection procedure
M2
Enables always
M3
Enables until carrier has been detected after connection
ATS0=n
Sets S0 register value (n range: 0~255). Sets the number of incoming
ring signals before answering. Modem responds after ringing as many
times as specified in n value. If the value of n is '0', ATA command
should be entered for auto answer
ATS0?
Displays S0 register value on the terminal
ATX3
Dials after waiting for specified time
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ATX4
Dials after dial tone is detected
ATZ
Initializes modem
AT&F
Loads the factory default configuration (profile)
AT&V
Shows current configuration
AT&W
Saves user profile
AT&Zn=x
Stores the dial string in modem memory (n=0~3, x=phone number)
e.g.) AT&Z0=1235678
Automatically calls the stored phone number by using the following
command.
ATDTS0Recalls the stored phone number as AT&Z0 by tone dial
ATDPS0Recalls the stored phone number as AT&Z0 by pulse dial
AT+MS=X
Sets protocol for modem connection
(X=V90, V34)
AT+MS=V90 (default setting)
Try to connect with V.90 (max 56 Kbps)
AT+MS=V34
Try to connect with V.34 (max 33.6 Kbps)
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Windows Me LAN Driver (Re)Installation
Before you begin verify that the “Samsung SEM-2100iL MiniPCI LAN Adapter” is
installed otherwise you will have to install it.
LAN Driver (Re)Installation
Windows Me has its own PCI Ethernet Adapter driver, simply install the LAN driver
according to the instructions below.
1.
Start > Settings > Control Panel.
2. Double-click
icon.
3.
Click the Device Manager tab.
4.
Double-click Network Adapters in the list area.
5.
Click the “Samsung SEM-2100iL MiniPCI LAN Adapter”.
6. Click Update Driver in the Driver tab.
7.
Select Specify the location of the driver (Advanced)
8. Click Next.
9. Select Display a list of all the drivers in a specific location, so you can select
the driver you want.
10. Click Next.
11. Click Have Disk. (Insert the Recovery CD in the CD Drive)
12. Type “D:\Driver\Combodrv\Landrv\WinMe” in the “Copy manufacturer’s files
from:”
13. Select the “Samsung SEM-2100iL MiniPCI LAN Adapter”
14. Click OK.
15. Verify the “Samsung SEM-2100iL MiniPCI LAN Adapter” is displayed on the
device wizard.
16. Click Next.
17. Click Finish. (Windows has finished (re)installing an updated driver for your
hardware device)
18. Click Yes, to restart your computer and complete the driver (re)installation.
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Windows Me Sound Driver (Re)Installation
When you add a new sound device Windows Me will recognize the addition of PCI
Multimedia Audio Device and start the driver (re)installation process automatically.
This also applies to reinstallation if problems occur.
Sound Driver (Re)Installation
When Windows ME automatically detects a 'PCI Multimedia Audio Device', click
Next and Finish.
1. Insert the System Software CD-ROM.
2. Click Start > Settings > Control Panel.
3. Double-Click System icon.
4. Choose Device Manager tab.
5. Select Sound, Video and Game controller and ESS Allegro PCI Audio (WDM).
6. Click Properties.
7. Click Update Driver.
8. Select Specify the location of the driver (Advanced)
9. Click Next.
10. Check Specify a location and type D:\Audio\Winme
11. Click Next.
12. Click Next when the dialog appears saying that Windows is now ready to
(re)install the driver.
13. Click OK when the dialog appears saying that Windows has finished installing.
14. Restart the system to update your files.
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Changing the Video Driver
It is possible that you may want to update your video driver or that your installed video
driver has become corrupt so that the display is unusable.
Windows Me Reinstallation
If your system crashes and you have to reinstall Windows Me you will have to reinstall
the S3 Savage IX Video Driver.
To reinstall the driver complete the following steps.
1. Insert System Software CD-ROM to CD-ROM drive.
2. Click Start > Settings > Control Panel.
3. Double-Click
icon.
4. Click Settings >Advanced in Display Properties.
5. Click Adapter tab
6. Click Change, The Update Device Driver Wizard window appears.
7. Select Specify the location of the driver [Advanced]
8. Click Next
9. Select Specify a location and input “D:\Driver\Graphics\WinME”.
10. Click Next
11. Click Next
12. Restart your system.
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Specifications
Table 7 gives the specifications for your slim notebook computer.
Table 7. Hardware Specifications
Dimension
LCD viewing area
12.1"
System
27.3 mm(w) x 22.7 mm(d) x 21-24.3 mm(h)
Docking
27.4 mm(w) x 23.0 mm(d) x 25-27 mm(h)
Total Weight
2.4~2.5 Kg
Environment
Ambient temperature, operating
50 o–90 o F (10o–32 oC)
Ambient temperature, storage
23 o–104o F (-5o–40o C)
Relative humidity (noncondensing), operating
20–80%
Relative humidity (noncondensing), storage
5–90%
Altitude, operating
0 to 8,000 ft (0 to 2,348 m)
Altitude, storage
0 to 40,000 ft (0 to 12,192 m)
Shock, operating
10 G for 11 ms half sine
Shock, nonoperating
60 G for 11 ms half sine
Lithium-Ion Smart Battery
Long Life
Normal Weight
420g
200g
Nominal open circuit voltage
7.4 VDC, 7200 mAh
7.4 VDC, 3300mAh
Capacity, typical
53.28 whr
24.42 whr
Standard
Charging time, approximate, with computer turned off, typical ~4.0 hr
~1.5 hr
Charging time, approximate, with computer turned on, typical ~8.0 hr
~3.0 hr
Average battery life, with no power management enabled
~2.0 hr
~5.0 hr
External AC Adapter
Operating voltage
100-240 VAC
Line frequency
50-60 Hz
Input current
1.2 A 100 VAC ~ 0.6 A 240 VAC
Output current
3.2 A
Output voltage
12.0 VDC
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Abbreviations
Your computer’s documentation uses the following abbreviations:
A . . . . . . . . . Amperes
AC . . . . . . . . Alternating current
ACPI . . . . . . Advanced Configuration and Power management Interface
APM . . . . . . Advanced Power Management
ATA. . . . . . . AT attachment (refers to the hard-drive interface in an ATcompatible computer)
ATAPI. . . . . AT attachment packet interface
BBS . . . . . . . Bulletin board system
BIOS . . . . . . Basic input/output system
C . . . . . . . . . Centigrade
CD . . . . . . . . Compact disc
CD-ROM . . Compact disc read-only memory
cm . . . . . . . . Centimeters
COM . . . . . . Communication (as in communication port)
CMOS . . . . . Complementary metal-oxide semiconductor
DC . . . . . . . . Direct current
DMA . . . . . . Direct memory access
DPMS . . . . . Display power-management signaling
DRAM. . . . . Dynamic random access memory
DSTN . . . . . Double layer super twist nematic
ECP . . . . . . . Extended capabilities port
EPP . . . . . . . Enhanced parallel port
F. . . . . . . . . . Fahrenheit
FIR . . . . . . . Fast infrared
ft. . . . . . . . . . Feet
g . . . . . . . . . . gram
G . . . . . . . . . Gravity
GB . . . . . . . . Gigabytes
hr . . . . . . . . . hour
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Hz . . . . . . . . Hertz
IDE . . . . . . . Integrated drive electronics
in . . . . . . . . . Inches
I/O . . . . . . . . Input/output
IrDA . . . . . . Infrared Data Association
IRQ . . . . . . . Interrupt request line
ISA . . . . . . . Industry Standard Architecture
KB . . . . . . . . Kilobytes
kg . . . . . . . . . Kilograms
LAN. . . . . . . Local-area network
lb.. . . . . . . . . Pounds
LBA . . . . . . . Logical block addressing
LCD. . . . . . . Liquid-crystal display
m . . . . . . . . . Meters
mA . . . . . . . . Milliampere
mAhr . . . . . . Milliampere hour
MB. . . . . . . . Megabyte
mm . . . . . . . millimeter
MPEG . . . . . Motion Picture Experts Group
MPU . . . . . . Microprocessor unit
ms . . . . . . . . Millisecond
PDF . . . . . . . Portable document format
PC . . . . . . . . Personal computer
PCI . . . . . . . Peripheral component interconnect
PCMCIA. . . Personal Computer Memory Card International Association
POST. . . . . . Power-on self-test
PNP . . . . . . . Plug and play
PS/2 . . . . . . . Personal System/2
RAM . . . . . . Random-access memory
ROM . . . . . . Read-only memory
SVGA . . . . . Super video graphics array
S-VHS . . . . . Super VHS
TFT . . . . . . . Thin-film transistor
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USB . . . . . . . Universal serial bus
V . . . . . . . . . Volt
VAC . . . . . . Voltage alternating current
VCC . . . . . . Voltage collector current
VDC . . . . . . Voltage direct current
whr . . . . . . . Watt hour
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Glossary
AC adapter
The AC (or alternating current) adapter regulates current coming into your
computer from the wall outlet. The current at the wall outlet is alternating current
and needs to be changed by the adapter to DC (direct current) before your
computer can use it for power.
ACPI
ACPI (Advanced Configuration and Power Interface)- a method for describing
hardware interfaces in terms abstract enough to allow flexible and innovative
hardware implementations and concrete enough to allow shrink-wrap OS code to
use such hardware interfaces.
BIOS
BIOS stands for basic input/output system. The BIOS is software (often called
firmware) that is independent of any operating system. It enables the computer to
communicate with the screen, keyboard, and other peripheral devices without
using programs on the hard disk.
The BIOS on your computer is flash BIOS, which means that it has been recorded
on a flash memory chip that can be updated if needed.
Boot
To start your computer. A cold boot resets the entire computer and runs through
all computer self-tests. A warm boot clears out computer memory only.
Boot disk
A disk containing operating system programs required to start your computer. A
boot disk can be a floppy disk, hard drive, or compact disc.
Byte
The basic unit of measure for computer memory. A character—such as a letter of
the alphabet—uses one byte of memory. Computer memory is often measured in
kilobytes (1,024 bytes) or megabytes (1,048,576 bytes).
Each byte is made up of eight bits. For more information on bytes and bits, see an
introductory book on computers.
Cache memory
Cache is very fast, zero-wait-state memory located between the microprocessor
and main memory. Cache reduces the average time required by the
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microprocessor to get the data it needs from the main memory by storing recently
accessed data in the cache.
CardBus
CardBus technology enables the computer to use 32-bit PC Cards. Hardware in
the computer and the Windows operating system provide support for the 32-bit
cards. The voltage of 32-bit cards (3.3 volts) is lower than that of 16-bit cards (5
volts). The 32-bit cards can transmit more data at a time than the 16-bit cards, thus
increasing their speed.
CMOS memory
CMOS (complementary metal oxide semiconductor) memory is powered by the
CMOS battery. The System Setup settings and other parameters are maintained in
CMOS memory. Even when you turn your computer off, the information in
CMOS memory is saved.
COM port
COM stands for communication. COM ports are the serial ports in your computer.
Compact Disc
A compact disc (CD).
Conventional memory
The first 640 KB of system memory. Operating systems and application programs
can directly access this memory without using memory-management software.
Disk
The device used by the computer to store and retrieve information. Disk can refer
to a floppy disk, hard disk, or RAM disk.
Disk cache
A software device that accumulates copies of recently used disk sectors in RAM.
The application program can then read these copies without accessing the disk.
This, in turn, speeds up the performance of the application.
A cache is a buffer for transferring disk sectors in and out of RAM. Data stored in
a disk cache is a copy of data already stored on the physical disk.
DMA (direct memory access)
A method of transferring data from a device to memory without having the data
pass through the microprocessor. Using DMA can speed up system performance.
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DPMS
Display Power Management Signalling. Displays or monitors that comply with
this can be managed by the Power Management features found in the system
setup.
Floppy disk
A removable disk, also called floppy or diskette.
Hard drive
Also called fixed disk. A hard drive is connected to the computer and can be
installed or removed. Data written to a hard drive remains until it is overwritten
or corrupted.
The 2.5-inch hard drive in your computer was designed for use in a notebook
computer. Because hard drives in notebook computers are smaller than those in
desktop computers, their maximum storage capacity may be less than that of
desktop hard drives. However, because of their smaller size, the drives handle
shock and vibration better than larger drives, which is important for a notebook
computer.
I/O
Input/output. Refers to peripheral devices, such as printers, that are addressed
through an I/O address.
I/O address
I/O stands for input/output. Peripheral devices, such as printers, are addressed
through the I/O port address.
IRQ (interrupt request line)
The IRQ is a hardware line that a device uses to signal the microprocessor when
the device needs the microprocessor’s services. The number of IRQs is limited by
industry standards.
LCD (liquid-crystal display)
The LCD screen on your computer differs from the display screen of a desktop
monitor. Most desktop monitors use CRT (cathode-ray tube) displays, which
work by moving an electron beam across phosphor dots on the back of the screen.
The phosphor dots light up to show the image. LCDs use a liquid-crystal solution
between two sheets of polarizing material. Electric current passing through the
liquid aligns the crystals so that light can or cannot pass through them, creating an
image.
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MB (megabyte)
1,024 kilobytes.
Megabit
1,048,576 bits or about 128 kilobytes.
Operating system
A program that supervises the computer's operation, including handling I/O.
Application programs and users can request operating-system services. A user
might request operation-system services to copy files or format a disk. An
application program might use the operating system to obtain keyboard input,
write data to a file, or write data to a screen.
PC Card
PC Card stands for personal computer card. The Personal Computer Memory
Card International Association (PCMCIA) defines the standards used to develop
all PC Cards. PC Card types include: modems, Ethernet adapters, SCSI adapters,
ATA cards, and memory cards.
PC slot
The PC slot is the hardware slot in the computer where the PC Card is placed.
Pixel
A pixel is an individual dot in a graphic displayed on your computer. The pixels
are so close together that they look as though they are connected. An LCD screen
displays thousands or millions of pixels.
Plug and Play
A plug and play operating system automatically configures computer components
to work with your system. With this type of operating system, you normally do
not need to set jumpers on devices or set memory addresses or IRQs.
RAM (random access memory)
The computer's system memory, including conventional and extended memory.
You can write to and read from RAM. Information stored in RAM is temporary,
and is erased when the system is turned off.
Refresh rate
The refresh rate is the rate at which the image on the LCD screen is rewritten to
the screen. A fast refresh rate helps keep the image from flickering.
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Resolution
The resolution is the sharpness or clarity of the image on your LCD screen.
Resolution is measured by the number of pixels the computer’s screen can
display. For example, a resolution of 800x600 means that the screen can display
800 pixels in row and can display 600 rows. The more pixels displayed, the higher
the resolution and the better the image.
ROM (read-only memory)
Permanent computer memory dedicated to a particular function. For example, the
instructions for starting the computer when you first turn on power are contained
in ROM. You cannot write to ROM. (ROM is not the same as RAM).
Sector
Also known as disk sector. The portion of a track that is numbered and can hold
a specified number of characters (usually 512 KB).
Shadow RAM
A write-protected area of RAM that contains a copy of the BIOS. As the computer
boots, the BIOS is copied from its permanent location in ROM to RAM. The
BIOS can be executed much faster in RAM than in ROM. The BIOS remains in
shadow RAM until you turn off the computer.
TFT (thin film transistor) LCD
A TFT LCD uses a separate transistor circuit to control each pixel. This
technology provides the best resolution for an LCD screen. A TFT LCD is also
sometimes called an active matrix LCD.
Zoomed video
Zoomed video technology enables zoom video PC Card to transfer data directly
from the card to video and audio systems without going through the
microprocessor. This process improves video performance. Video conferencing
and real-time multimedia devices, such as video cameras, are supported by zoom
video.
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