Acer | ARMC_3P | Acer ARMC_3P User Manual

ARMC/3P
User Guide
Release 04.02.00
Copyright © 2007 Acer Inc
Userguide_ARMC/3P_v2
March 2007
100-80-8250-00
Copyright and Trademark Information
This document contains proprietary information that is protected by copyright. All rights
reserved. No part of this document may be photocopied, reproduced, or translated into
another language without express prior written consent of Acer Inc.
© Copyright 2007 Acer Inc, All rights reserved. Java is a registered trademark of Sun
Microsystems, Inc. Internet Explorer is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation.
Netscape and Netscape Navigator are registered trademarks of Netscape
Communication Corporation. The Raritan logo are trademarks of Raritan Computer, Inc.
All other marks are the property of their respective owners.
FCC Information
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class A digital
device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide
reasonable protection against harmful interference in a commercial installation. This
equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and if not installed
and used in accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio
communications. Operation of this equipment in a residential environment may cause
harmful interference.
Japanese Approvals
Acer is not responsible for damage to this product resulting from accident, disaster,
misuse, abuse, non-Acer modification of the product, or other events outside of Acer’s
reasonable control or not arising under normal operating conditions.
C
UL
US
LI STED
1F61
I.T.E.
For assistance around the world, please see the back cover of this guide for
regional Acer Inc contact information.
Safety Guidelines
To avoid potentially fatal shock hazard and possible damage to Acer equipment:
• Test AC outlets at your computer and monitor for proper polarity and grounding.
• Use only with grounded outlets at both the computer and monitor. When using a
backup UPS, power the computer, monitor and appliance off the supply.
CONTENTS
i
Contents
ARMC/3P ................................................................
........................................................................................
........................................................ 1
Contents ................................................................
.........................................................................................
......................................................... i
Figures................................
Figures................................................................
...........................................................................................
...........................................................iv
........................... iv
Tables................................
Tables ................................................................
............................................................................................
............................................................vi
............................ vi
Chapter 1: Introduction ................................................................
.................................................................
................................. 1
Product Overview ...................................................................................................... 1
Product Photos.......................................................................................................... 1
Product Features....................................................................................................... 3
Terminology............................................................................................................... 3
Package Contents ..................................................................................................... 5
When the Server is up and running ........................................................................... 5
When the Server is dead ........................................................................................... 6
Chapter 2: Installation ................................................................
..................................................................
.................................. 7
Operation Overview................................................................................................... 7
Connectors and Jumpers........................................................................................... 7
Serial Interface...................................................................................................................................8
USB Plug ...........................................................................................................................................8
Video/USB System Interface .............................................................................................................8
10/100 Mpbs Ethernet Adaptor..........................................................................................................8
External Power Option.......................................................................................................................8
Power using ATX Power Cable Adaptor ............................................................................................8
ATX Power Reset ..............................................................................................................................8
Intelligent Management Platform Bus Connector (IPMB) ..................................................................9
The Set to Default (S2D) Pins ...........................................................................................................9
Serial 1, Serial 2 and PS/2.................................................................................................................9
Placing the ARMC/3P into the Server ...................................................................... 11
Open the Server ..............................................................................................................................11
Plugging an ARMC/3P into a PCI Slot .............................................................................................11
Chapter 3: Configuration .............................................................
............................................................. 17
Initial Configuration.................................................................................................. 17
ARMC/3P Psetup Tool ............................................................................................ 17
Using the Psetup Tool via Graphical User Interface ........................................................................17
Running the Linux Psetup Tool via Command Line .........................................................................18
Mac Address Detection ........................................................................................... 20
Authentication.......................................................................................................... 20
Initial Configuration via DHCP Server ...................................................................... 21
Initial Configuration via Serial Console .................................................................... 21
Web Interface.......................................................................................................... 22
Mouse, Keyboard and Video configuration .............................................................. 22
ARMC/3P USB interface..................................................................................................................22
ARMC/3P Keyboard Settings ..........................................................................................................23
Remote Mouse Settings ..................................................................................................................23
Auto Mouse Speed and Mouse Synchronization .............................................................................23
Host System Mouse Settings...........................................................................................................24
Single and Double Mouse Mode......................................................................................................25
Recommended Mouse Settings.......................................................................................................25
Video Modes....................................................................................................................................26
Resetting the ARMC/3P to its Factory Settings........................................................ 26
Using the S2D Pins..........................................................................................................................26
Using the Serial Interface ................................................................................................................26
ii
CONTENTS
Chapter 4: Usage................................
Usage ................................................................
.........................................................................
......................................... 27
Prerequisites ........................................................................................................... 27
HTTP/HTTPS ..................................................................................................................................27
Telnet...............................................................................................................................................27
SSH .................................................................................................................................................27
Login into the ARMC/3P and logout......................................................................... 28
Login into the ARMC/3P ..................................................................................................................28
Navigation........................................................................................................................................29
Logout from the ARMC/3P...............................................................................................................31
Managing the ARMC/3P with a CommandCenter .................................................... 31
The Remote Console............................................................................................... 31
General Description .........................................................................................................................31
Main Window ...................................................................................................................................32
Remote Console Control Bar...........................................................................................................33
Remote Console Options.................................................................................................................34
Remote Console Status Line ...........................................................................................................44
Optimizing the Video Picture ...........................................................................................................45
Reducing the Noise of the Video Picture .........................................................................................46
Using the ARMC/3P with low bandwidth..........................................................................................47
Chapter 5: Menu Options................................
Options .............................................................
............................................................. 49
Remote Control ....................................................................................................... 49
KVM Console...................................................................................................................................49
Remote Power .................................................................................................................................49
Telnet Console.................................................................................................................................51
Virtual Media ........................................................................................................... 54
Floppy Disk......................................................................................................................................54
CD ROM ..........................................................................................................................................55
Drive Redirection .............................................................................................................................59
Options ............................................................................................................................................62
Creating an Image ...........................................................................................................................63
System Health ......................................................................................................... 65
Chassis Control ...............................................................................................................................65
Monitor Sensors...............................................................................................................................65
System Event Log............................................................................................................................66
Alarm Settings .................................................................................................................................66
User Management ................................................................................................... 67
Change Password ...........................................................................................................................67
User and Groups .............................................................................................................................67
Permissions .....................................................................................................................................69
KVM Settings........................................................................................................... 70
User Console ...................................................................................................................................70
Power Control..................................................................................................................................73
Keyboard/Mouse..............................................................................................................................74
Video ...............................................................................................................................................75
Device Settings ....................................................................................................... 78
Network ...........................................................................................................................................78
Dynamic DNS ..................................................................................................................................81
Security............................................................................................................................................83
Certificate ........................................................................................................................................86
Serial Port ........................................................................................................................................89
Intelligent Platform Management Interface (IPMI)............................................................................92
Date/Time ........................................................................................................................................93
Authentication ..................................................................................................................................93
Event Log ........................................................................................................................................96
SNMP Settings ................................................................................................................................98
Maintenance.......................................................................................................... 101
Device Information.........................................................................................................................101
Language.......................................................................................................................................102
Event Log ......................................................................................................................................103
Update Firmware ...........................................................................................................................103
Unit Reset......................................................................................................................................104
Appendix A: Specifications ........................................................
........................................................105
........................105
Sizes and Weights................................................................................................. 105
Environment .......................................................................................................... 105
Temperature ..................................................................................................................................105
CONTENTS
iii
Humidity.........................................................................................................................................105
Appendix B: ARMC/3P Video Modes ...........................................
...........................................107
...........107
Appendix C: Key Codes ..............................................................
..............................................................109
..............................109
Appendix D: Pin Assignment ......................................................
......................................................111
......................111
VGA HD-15 ........................................................................................................... 111
RJ45 Connetcor Ethernet ...................................................................................... 111
IPMB/I2 Connector ................................................................................................ 111
Serial SUB-D9 Connector 1................................................................................... 112
PS/2 Connector ..................................................................................................... 112
USB....................................................................................................................... 112
Appendix E: Troubleshooting
Troubleshooting .....................................................
.....................................................113
.....................113
Appendix F: GNU General Public License (GPL) ........................115
........................115
Appendix G: The OpenLADAP Public License ............................121
............................121
iv
FIGURES
Figures
Figure 1 ARMC/3P with High-Profil Bracket................................................................................................. 1
Figure 2 24-pole ATX Power Cable Adaptor ................................................................................................ 1
Figure 3 ARMC/3P with Low-Profil Bracket.................................................................................................. 2
Figure 4 IPMB Cable, Power Cable, Reset Cable........................................................................................ 2
Figure 5 Serial Cable ................................................................................................................................... 2
Figure 6 VGA-USB System Cable and PS/2 System Cable......................................................................... 2
Figure 7 ARMC/3P Internal Connectors....................................................................................................... 7
Figure 8 Connection of the ARMC/3P VGA-USB System Cable.................................................................. 7
Figure 9 ARMC/3P Reset/Power Connection Pinout ................................................................................... 9
Figure 10 ARMC/3P with PS/2................................................................................................................... 10
Figure 11 PS/2 System Cable.................................................................................................................... 10
Figure 12 Mounting the ARMC/3P into a PCI Slot ..................................................................................... 11
Figure 13 IPMB Cable................................................................................................................................ 11
Figure 14 IPMB Connector......................................................................................................................... 12
Figure 15 Power using Reset/Power Wires................................................................................................ 12
Figure 16 Power using ATX Power Cable Adaptor .................................................................................... 14
Figure 17 ARMC/3P Psetup Tool (Windows Version)................................................................................ 18
Figure 18 ARMC/3P Psetup Tool (Linux Version)...................................................................................... 18
Figure 19 Remote Console Control Bar: Sync Button................................................................................ 24
Figure 20 Terminal with Reset Message.................................................................................................... 26
Figure 21 The Internet Explorer displaying the Encryption Key Length ..................................................... 28
Figure 22 Login Screen.............................................................................................................................. 28
Figure 23 Password Change Request ....................................................................................................... 29
Figure 24 ARMC/3P Main Page Overview ................................................................................................. 30
Figure 25 Navigation Frame Overview....................................................................................................... 30
Figure 26 Logout Link ................................................................................................................................ 31
Figure 27 Remote Console ........................................................................................................................ 32
Figure 28 Remote Console Control Bar ..................................................................................................... 33
Figure 29 Remote Console Options Menu ................................................................................................. 34
Figure 30 Remote Console Options Menu: Scaling ................................................................................... 35
Figure 31 Remote Console Options Menu: Mouse Handling ..................................................................... 36
Figure 32 Remote Console Options Menu: Local Cursor........................................................................... 37
Figure 33 Remote Console Options Menu: Chat Window.......................................................................... 37
Figure 34 Remote Console Options Menu: Video Settings Panel.............................................................. 39
Figure 35 Remote Console Options Menu: Softkeyboard .......................................................................... 41
Figure 36 Soft Keyboard Mapping ............................................................................................................. 41
Figure 37 Remote Console Options Menu: Hotkey Confirmations Dialog.................................................. 42
Figure 38 Remote Console Options Menu: Encoding - Predefined............................................................ 42
Figure 39 Remote Console Options Menu: Encoding - Compression........................................................ 43
Figure 40 Remote Console Options Menu: Encoding – Color Depth ......................................................... 44
Figure 41 Remote Console Status Line ..................................................................................................... 44
Figure 42 Status Line Transfer Rate .......................................................................................................... 45
Figure 43 Remote Console Video Settings: Reset this Mode .................................................................... 46
Figure 44 Main Page with Remote Console Preview ................................................................................. 49
Figure 45 Power Control Overview ............................................................................................................ 50
Figure 46 ‘Internal Power Control’ Buttons................................................................................................. 50
Figure 47 ‘Power Control via IPMI’ Buttons................................................................................................ 51
Figure 48 Telnet Console........................................................................................................................... 52
Figure 49 Floppy Virtual Area .................................................................................................................... 54
Figure 50 Select Image File ....................................................................................................................... 55
Figure 51 Active Image File ....................................................................................................................... 55
FIGURES
Figure 52 Selecting CD-ROM and Windows Share ................................................................................... 56
Figure 53 The Image File on the Share...................................................................................................... 57
Figure 54 Explorer Context Menu .............................................................................................................. 58
Figure 55 Share Configuration Dialog ........................................................................................................ 58
Figure 56 Drive Redirection ....................................................................................................................... 59
Figure 57 Main View .................................................................................................................................. 60
Figure 58 Selecting the desired Drive ........................................................................................................ 61
Figure 59 Selection Write Support ............................................................................................................. 61
Figure 60 Device Authentification .............................................................................................................. 61
Figure 61 Virtual Drive Selection................................................................................................................ 62
Figure 62 Tray Info..................................................................................................................................... 62
Figure 63 USB Mass Storage Option......................................................................................................... 62
Figure 64 RawWrite for Windows Selection Dialog.................................................................................... 63
Figure 65 Nero Selection Dialog ................................................................................................................ 64
Figure 66 Chassis Control.......................................................................................................................... 65
Figure 67 Monitor Sensors Overview......................................................................................................... 66
Figure 68 System Event Log Overview ...................................................................................................... 66
Figure 69 IPMI Alarm Configuration ........................................................................................................... 66
Figure 70 Set Password............................................................................................................................. 67
Figure 71 User/Group Management .......................................................................................................... 67
Figure 72 User/Group Permission Settings................................................................................................ 69
Figure 73 User Console Settings (Part 1) .................................................................................................. 70
Figure 74 User Console Settings (Part 2) .................................................................................................. 71
Figure 75 Power Control ............................................................................................................................ 73
Figure 76 Keyboard and Mouse Settings ................................................................................................... 74
Figure 77 Video Settings............................................................................................................................ 77
Figure 78 Network Settings........................................................................................................................ 78
Figure 79 Dynamic DNS ............................................................................................................................ 81
Figure 80 Dynamic DNS Scenario ............................................................................................................. 81
Figure 81 Security Settings ........................................................................................................................ 83
Figure 82 Certificate Settings..................................................................................................................... 87
Figure 83 SSL Certificate Upload............................................................................................................... 88
Figure 84 Serial Settings............................................................................................................................ 90
Figure 85 IPMI Settings.............................................................................................................................. 92
Figure 86 Date and Time ........................................................................................................................... 93
Figure 87 Authentication Settings .............................................................................................................. 95
Figure 88 Event Log Settings..................................................................................................................... 97
Figure 89 SNMP Settings........................................................................................................................... 99
Figure 90 Device Information ................................................................................................................... 101
Figure 91 Connected Users ..................................................................................................................... 101
Figure 92 Voltages Overview ................................................................................................................... 102
Figure 93 Language Settings ................................................................................................................... 102
Figure 94 Event Log List .......................................................................................................................... 103
Figure 95 Update Firmware Dialog .......................................................................................................... 103
Figure 96 Unit Reset ................................................................................................................................ 105
Figure 97 English (US) keyboard Layout, used for the key codes ........................................................... 109
Figure 98 VGA HD-15.............................................................................................................................. 111
Figure 99 RJ45 ........................................................................................................................................ 111
Figure 100 Serial Connector .................................................................................................................... 112
v
vi
FIGURES
Tables
Table 1 Hardware Failures........................................................................................................................... 6
Table 2 Host System Failures and how they are detected ........................................................................... 6
Table 3 Voltage and Power Specification................................................................................................... 14
Table 4 Initial Network Configuration ......................................................................................................... 17
Table 5 Serial Line Parameters.................................................................................................................. 21
Table 6 Standard User Settings ................................................................................................................. 22
Table 7 Standard User Settings ................................................................................................................. 29
Table 9 Links for Navigation....................................................................................................................... 30
Table 10 Buttons displaying the Access Status ......................................................................................... 45
Table 11 Buttons displaying the Monitor State........................................................................................... 45
Table 12 ARMC/3P Specifications ........................................................................................................... 105
Table 13 Temperature ............................................................................................................................. 105
Table 14 Humidity .................................................................................................................................... 105
Table 15 ARMC/3P Video Modes ............................................................................................................ 107
Table 16 Key Names ............................................................................................................................... 109
Table 17 VGA HD-15 ............................................................................................................................... 111
Table 18 RJ45.......................................................................................................................................... 111
Table 19 IPMB/I2C Connector ................................................................................................................. 111
Table 20 Serial Connector 1 .................................................................................................................... 112
Table 21 Serial Connetcor 2 .................................................................................................................... 112
Table 22 PS/2 Connector......................................................................................................................... 112
Table 23 USB Connector ......................................................................................................................... 112
FIGURES
vii
CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION
1
Chapter 1: Introduction
Product Overview
The ARMC/3P is a manufacturer-independent remote administration system. The
ARMC/3P works as an integrated solution on your server system. Based on an
embedded operating system, the ARMC/3P provides both exceptional stability and
permanent availability independent of the present state of the server’s operating system.
As a system administrator, you have entire control and location-independent remote
access to react upon both critical incidents and cases of necessary maintenance.
Product Photos
Figure 1 ARMC/3P with High-Profil Bracket
Figure 2 24-pole ATX Power Cable Adaptor
2
PRODUCT USER G UIDE
Figure 3 ARMC/3P with Low-Profil Bracket
Figure 4 IPMB Cable, Power Cable, Reset Cable
Figure 5 Serial Cable
Figure 6 VGA-USB System Cable and PS/2 System Cable
CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION
3
Product Features
The ARMC/3P defines a new class of remote access devices. It combines digital remote
access via IP networks with comprehensive and integrated system management. The
ARMC/3P offers convenient, remote KVM access and control via LAN or Internet. It
captures, digitizes, and compresses video and transmits it with keyboard and mouse
signals to and from a remote computer. Remote access and control software runs on its
embedded processors only, but not on mission critical servers, so there is no
interference with server operation or impact on network performance.
Furthermore, the ARMC/3P offers additional remote power management with the help of
optional available devices. Features of the ARMC/3P are:
-
KVM (keyboard, video, mouse) access over IP or telephone line
No impact on server or network performance
Automatically senses video resolution for best possible screen capture
High-performance mouse tracking and synchronization
Port to connect a user console for direct analogous access to KVM device
Local mouse suppression (only when using SUN’s Java Virtual Machine)
Remote Power Management
Remote Virtual Media
Terminology
ACPI
Advanced Configuration and Power Interface
A specification that enables the operating system to implement power
management and system configuration.
ATX
Advanced Technology Extended
A specification that covers the style of motherboards and enclosures
introduced by Intel in 1995.
Client
The workstation of the user for connecting the host system through the
ARMC/3P.
DHCP
Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol
A protocol for dynamically assigning IP addresses to host names,
especially used in a local network.
DNS
Domain Name System
A protocol used to locate computers on the Internet by their name.
FAQ
Frequently Asked Questions
4
PRODUCT USER G UIDE
Host
Host System
The server system which is hosting the ARMC/3P.
HTTP
Hypertext Transfer Protocol
One of the protocols used for communication between single computers,
especially between web browsers and web servers.
HTTPS
Hypertext Transfer Protocol Secure
The secure version of HTTP.
IPMI
Intelligent Platform Management Interface
A specification defining a set of common interfaces for operating system
independent platform management and health monitoring.
LED
Light Emitting Diode
A semiconductor device that emits incoherent monochromatic light when
electrically biased in the forward direction.
PS/2
Personal System/2
IBM’s second generation of personal computers, which was released to
the public in 1987. Today, PS/2 is known as a device interface for mouse
and keyboard.
SNMP
Simple Network Management Protocol
A widely used network monitoring and control protocol.
SSH
Secure Shell
An encrypted network protocol providing a secure replacement for Telnet.
SSL
Secure Socket Layer
An encryption technology for the Internet used to provide secured data
transmissions.
SVGA
Super Video Graphics Array
A refinement of the Video Graphics Array (VGA) that provides increased
pitch and resolution performance.
UTP
Unshielded Twisted Pair
A cable with two conductors twisted as a pair and bundled within the
same outer PVC covering.
CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION
5
Package Contents
The ARMC/3P comes as a regular PCI card and is shipped with:
-
an ARMC/3P Board with High-Profile Bracket
a VGA-USB System Cable
an IPMB Cable
an ATX Reset/Switch Cable
a Videosplitter cable for Local Console
a CD ROM with User Manual and utilities
a Quick Start Guide
1
an External Power supply # TZ.30400.006
1. In EMEA Region the ARMC/3P card is shipped by default with the External Power
Adaptor, In order to make the ARMC/3P card System independent. In other regions it is
an optional item.
Available separately (optional):
-
Power Pack US (PWRPK-US-5mm) # TZ.30400.004
External Power Supply
AC Power Cord US
-
Power Pack UK (PWRPK-UK-5mm) # TZ.30400.005
External Power Supply
AC Power Cord UK
-
Power Pack EU (PWRPK-EU-5mm) # TZ.30400.006
External Power Supply
AC Power Cord EU
When the Server is up and running
The ARMC/3P gives you full control over the remote server. The Management Console
allows you to access the remote server’s graphics, keyboard and mouse and to send
special commands to the server. You can also perform periodic maintenance of the
server. Using the Console Redirection Service you can do the following:
• Reboot the system (a graceful shutdown)
• Watch the boot process
• Boot the system from a separate partition or from Virtual Media
to load the diagnostic environment or install operating systems
• Run special diagnostic programs
6
PRODUCT USER G UIDE
When the Server is dead
Obviously, fixing hardware defects is not possible using a remote management device.
Nevertheless, the ARMC/3P gives the administrator valuable information about the type
of a hardware failure. Serious hardware failures can be categorized into five different
categories with different chances to happen 1:
Table 1 Hardware Failures
Category
Hard disk failure
Power cable detached, power supply failure
Probability
50 %
28 %
CPU, Controller, motherboard failure
10 %
CPU fan failure
RAM failure
8%
4%
Using the ARMC/3P, administrators can determine which kind of serious hardware
failure has occurred (see Table 2).
Table 2 Host System Failures and how they are detected
Category
Hard disk failure
Probability
Console screen, CMOS set-up
information
Power cable detached, power supply Server remeians in power off state after
failure
power on command has been given.
CPU, Controller, motherboard failure
Power supply is on, but there is no video
putput.
CPU fan failure
By IPMI or server specific management
software
RAM failure
Boot-Sequence on boot console
Note: According to a survey made by the Intel Corp.
CHAPTER 2: INSTALLATION
7
Chapter 2: Installation
Operation Overview
The ARMC/3P redirects local keyboard, mouse and video data to a remote
administration console. All data is transmitted with the TCP/IP protocol family.
The ARMC/3P can be used in both a multi-administrator and multi-server environments.
Combining one or more ARMC/3P with a single KVM switch allows acess to multiple
servers on a single remote console.
Connectors and Jumpers
Figure 7 and Figure 8 show all connectors and plugs of the ARMC/3P. Each of these
connectors will be explained in the following.
Figure 7 ARMC/3P Internal Connectors
Figure 8 Connection of the ARMC/3P VGA-USB System Cable
8
PRODUCT USER G UIDE
Serial Interface
An optional external modem may be connected to the ARMC/3P using
connector. The connector is compliant to the RS 232 serial line standard
hardware handshake.
Every off-the-shelf modem can be connected to the ARMC/3P via the RS
interface. For details on configuring and using the serial interface please
Chapter 5: Serial Port.
this
with
232
see
USB Plug
Use this connector to connect the ARMC/3P with the host’s USB interface.
Video/USB System Interface
This interface combines both the USB and the Video input connector of the
ARMC/3P. Please connect the supplied system cable to the connector, only.
10/100 Mpbs Ethernet Adaptor
UTP Cat 3 or 5 cables can be connected to the ARMC/3P using a standard RJ45
jack. Refer to Appendix F for the details of the pin assignment for the RJ45
connector.
External Power Option
To allow the ARMC/3P to operate independently from the server system, An
external power supply must be connected to the ARMC/3P. Please see Chapter 2:
Connecting Optional External Power Supply for further details.
Power using ATX Power Cable Adaptor
The 20–pole or 24-pole ATX Power Cable Adaptor has to be connected to the
ARMC/3P and between the motherboard and the host power supply for the internal
powering of the ARMC/3P. Please see Chapter 2: Connecting Power using ATX
Power Cable Adaptor for further details.
ATX Power Reset
Additional cables are required in order to enable the remote reset and the remote
power functions of the ARMC/3P. The reset/power switch has the pin assignment
as shown in Figure 9. Please see Chapter 2: Connecting to ATX Control
Signals for further details.
CHAPTER 2: INSTALLATION
9
Figure 9 ARMC/3P Reset/Power Connection Pinout
Note: On the ARMC/3P the pin for the power connector is tagged with “ATX”.
Intelligent Management Platform Bus Connector (IPMB)
The IPMB connector on an IPMI capable motherboard allows direct access to
power control functions. Connecting the IPMB connector of the ARMC/3P with
such a port using our IPMB cable makes it possible to use the IPMI over IPMB
function of the ARMC/3P. Refer to Appendix D: Pin Assignment for the pin
assignment details of the IPMB connector.
The Set to Default (S2D) Pins
These pins may be used to reset the ARMC/3P to its factory settings. See Chapter
3: Resetting the ARMC/3P to its Factory Settings for a detailed description on
how to reset the ARMC/3P.
Serial 1, Serial 2 and PS/2
If your server does not support USB keyboard and/or mouse in all states but only
PS/2 mouse and keyboard, you need the PS/2 system cable to connect the
ARMC/3P. The proprietary PS/2 to Sub D9 cable enables the control over the host
system. The following steps describe how to use this PS/2 system cable.
1. The flat cable from the serial port (Sub D9 connector) of the High-Profile
Bracket has to be connected to the PS/2 pins on the ARMC/3P (see Figure 10).
2. Connect the PS/2 cable to the serial port (Sub D9) (see Figure 11 PS/2 System
Cable).
10
PRODUCT USER G UIDE
Figure 10 ARMC/3P with PS/2
Figure 11 PS/2 System Cable
There are only 9 PS/2 pins on the ARMC/3P. Therfore the PS/2 system cable
offers only the connection from ARMC/3P to the server. Connecting local PS/2
mouse and keyboard to the server is no longer possible!
There are the following function restrictions:
- If using the Low-Profile Bracket, then there is no serial or PS/2 connection
possible. Except for using additional brackets for offering the missing
connection.
- If using the High-Profile Bracket, then you have either the serial connector
or the PS/2 connector. Except for using an additional bracket to offer the
missing connection.
- If using PS/2 connection from ARMC/3P to server, then the local mouse
and keyboard have to be connected via USB.
CHAPTER 2: INSTALLATION
11
Placing the ARMC/3P into the Server
Open the Server
In order to install the ARMC/3P you need to open the host system. Detach the host
from its power cable and follow the instructions of your system documentation.
Plugging an ARMC/3P into a PCI Slot
ARMC/3P PCI
Place the ARMC/3P into a free PCI slot. You may use any PCI slot (33 or 66 MHz,
32 or 64 Bit, PCI-X).
Figure 12 Mounting the ARMC/3P into a PCI Slot
Connecting Power and Reset Cables
The ARMC/3P offers the possibility to remotely control both the power and the
reset functions of the host system. In order to support it, there is additional cabling
necessary. The preferred way for this cabling are the interfaces offered by IPMI.
However, if your host does not support IPMI you may use one of the other
possibilities.
Connecting over IPMB
This connection is used to power on or power off the system, or to perform a hard
reset. You must have a motherboard that supports IPMI 1.5 or higher and has a 3
or 4 pin IPMB connector as shown in Figure 14
o
o
o
o
Connect the 5 pin connector of the IPMB cable with the 1x5 pin IPMB
connector on the ARMC/3P as shown in Figure 7.
Connect the other ending of the cable with one of the IPMB connectors (3
or 4 pin connector) on the motherboard.
Set the IPMI settings to IPMI over IPMB.
Make sure that the IPMI function is enabled on the host system.
Figure 13 IPMB Cable
12
PRODUCT USER G UIDE
Figure 14 IPMB Connector
Connecting to ATX Control Signals
In case your system provides separated pins for reset and power on/off, perform
the following steps while referring to Figure 7 ARMC/3P Internal Connectors.
1. Find the cable connecting the front panel reset button and the motherboard.
2. Disconnect this cable from the motherboard and connect it to RST2 of the
ARMC/3P. Refer to Figure 9 for pin assignment.
3. Take the reset cable provided with the ARMC/3P and connect one end to the
motherboard’s reset connector (from where you just disconnected the cable to
the front panel), and the other end to RST1 of the RST/PWR connector of the
ARMC/3P.
4. Find the cable connecting the front panel power button and the motherboard.
5. Disconnect this cable from the motherboard and connect it to PWR2. For pin
assignment details, refer to Figure 9.
6. Take the power cable provided with the ARMC/3P and connect one end to the
motherboard’s power connector (from where you just discon- nected the cable
to the front panel), and the other end to PWR1 of the RST/PWR connector of
the ARMC/3P.
7. Check the cabling: there are four cables connected to the RST/PWR connector,
finally.
Figure 15 Power using Reset/Power Wires
CHAPTER 2: INSTALLATION
13
Connecting with Front Panel Connector
There are motherboards which do not have separated pins for power on/off and
reset. Both the reset and the power buttons are placed on the system’s front panel
and connected to the motherboard via a common front panel connector. To allow
the connection of the ARMC/3P’s remote reset and power on/off signals to those
motherboards a special front panel adapter has to be placed between the front
panel connector on the motherboard and the cable connector to the front panel.
Please ask your local service center for assistance.
Connecting Power Supply
The ARMC/3P offers the possibility to be powered internally by the host system
using the ATX Power Adaptor cable or powered externally using the external
Power adaptor. (see Package Contents).
Connecting Power using ATX Power Cable Adaptor
If the host system provides an ATX 20 or ATX 24 (EPS) connection from the power
supply to the motherboard, this cable can be extended with the delivered ATX
Power Cable Adaptor. In that case the ARMC/3P is powered internally using the
5V Standby Power of the host power supply. There is no other external power
supply necessary.
For connecting the ATX Power Cable Adaptor obey the following steps while
referring to Figure 7.
1. Power off the host and disconnect it from the power line.
2. Find the ATX cable connecting the host system power supply and the
motherboard and remove the cable.
3. Exchange the disconnected cable with the delivered 20-pole ATX Power Cable
Adaptor or the 24-pole ATX Power Cable Adaptor (EPS) cable. Then, connect
the male connector of the enclosed ATX Power Cable Adaptor to the power
supply of the host system and connect the female connector of the enclosed
ATX Power Cable Adaptor to the power connector of the motherboard.
4. Connect the ATX Power Cable Adaptor male connector on the ARMC/3P with
the 5 pin female connector of the ATX Power Cable Adaptor. Refer to Figure 16
ARMC/3P Host Power pins
5. Check the cabling, finally.
Note: Powering the ARMC/3P using ATX Power Cable Adaptor solution
requires Standard ATX Power Supply with 5V/2A Standby Power. Refer to
the host system and/or power supply manual if the host system and the host
power supply fully support the ATX standard.
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Figure 16 Power using ATX Power Cable Adaptor
Connecting Optional External Power Supply
To allow the ARMC/3P to operate independently from the server system it is
possible to connect the card to an external power supply. From the technical point
of view any power supply can be used as long as the following specifications are
met:
Table 3 Voltage and Power Specification
Parameter
Voltage
Current
Pinning
Value
5V
>= 1A
Plus on inner connector
Dimension
2.1 mm diameter
We recommend a 5V /1A power supply. Contact your local sales representative for
an Acer approved power supply.
Important: Any standard power supply compliant with the
requirements stated above may be used. Nevertheless, any
warranty from Acer voids if non-Acer power supplies are used in
conjunction with the ARMC/3P. Check for the Acer approval label
on the external power supply in order to preserve your
manufacturer’s warranty.
Connecting Keyboard and Mouse
Keyboard and mouse data are transmitted via USB into the server system.
Connect the USB plug into the appropriate socket on the server. Local USB
keyboard and mouse could be plugged into the host directly and parallel to the
ARMC/3P VGA-USB cable.
CHAPTER 2: INSTALLATION
15
Connecting Ethernet
The bracket of the ARMC/3P provides a RJ45 connector for Ethernet. The connector is used either for a 100 Mbps 100Base-TX connection or for a 10 Mbps
10BASE-T connection. The adapter can sense the connection speed and will
adjust to the appropriate operation mode automatically.
10 Mbps Connection
For 10BASE-T Ethernet networks the Fast Ethernet adapter uses category 3, 4, or
5 UTP cable. To establish a 10 Mbps connection, the cable has to be connected to
a 10BASE-T hub.
1. Make sure that the cable is wired appropriately for a standard 10BASE-T
adapter.
2. Align the RJ45 plug with the notch on the adapter ’s connector and insert it into
the adapter ’s connector.
100 Mbps Connection
For 100BASE-TX Ethernet networks the ARMC/3P supports category 5 UTP
cabling. To establish a 100 Mbps connection, the cable has to be connected to a
100BASE- TX hub.
1. Make sure that the cable is wired appropriately for a standard 100BASE-TX
adapter.
2. Align the RJ45 plug with the notch on the adapter ’s connector and insert it into
the adapter ’s connector.
Important: The UTP wire pairs and configuration for 100 BASE-TX
cable are identical to those for 10 BASE-T cable when used with
category 5 UTP cable.
CHAPTER 3: CONFIGURATION
17
Chapter 3: Configuration
Initial Configuration
The ARMC/3P’s communication interfaces are all based on TCP/IP. It comes
preconfigured with the IP configuration listed in Table 4 Initial Network Configuration.
Table 4 Initial Network Configuration
Parameter
Value
IP auto configuration
IP address
Netmask
Gateway
IP access control
DHCP
none
255.255.255.0
none
none
Important: If the DHCP connection fails on boot up, the ARMC/3P
will not have an IP adresss.
If this initial configuration does not meet your requirements, the following describes the
initial IP configuration that is necessary to access the ARMC/3P for the first time.
ARMC/3P Psetup Tool
The psetup tool is used to determine the IP address assigned to the ARMC/3P by the
DHCP server or to change the device’s initial network configuration.
Using the Psetup Tool via Graphical User Interface
Connect the ARMC/3P to your computer via local network. Start the psetup tool,
which can be found on your ARMC/3P CD, on the computer in which the ARMC/3P
is installed or any other computer which is part of the same local network.
Note: If your network provides a properly configured DHCP server the
ARMC/3P should be automatically assigned an IP address. Please ask your
DHCP admin for the IP address the ARMC/3P got from the DHCP server.
A window opens as seen in Figure 17 (on a Windows OS) and Figure 18 ARMC/3P
Psetup Tool (Linux Version).
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Figure 17 ARMC/3P Psetup Tool (Windows Version)
Figure 18 ARMC/3P Psetup Tool (Linux Version)
Running the Linux Psetup Tool via Command Line
The following list shows the command syntax and their usage:
--mac <MAC address of the device>
Shows the current network configuration.
--ip <neue IP address>
Set a new IP address.
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19
--ipacp <dhcp|bootp|none>
Set the auto configuration.
--netmask <net mask>
Set a new netmask.
--gateway <gateway address>
Set a new gateway address.
--login <username>
Admin rights are required to change the network configuration.
--pw <password>
Password of the specified above user.
--pw-new <password>
The specified above user get a new password.
An example shows the described commands and their effects:
Displaying the current network settings
test@teststation:~# /home/test/psetup --mac 00:0D:5D:00:65:78
IP auto configuration: dhcp
IP address: 192.168.5.135
Subnet mask: 255.255.255.0
Gateway: 192.168.5.1
test@teststation:~#
Changing the network settings
test@teststation:~# /home/test/psetup --mac 00:0D:5D:00:65:78 --ipacp none --ip 192.168.5.55 --gateway 192.168.5.1 --netmask 255.255.255.0 --login super --pw pass
Device configured successfully.
test@teststation:~#
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Mac Address Detection
Using the Psetup Tool for Windows
On the upper left corner, the MAC address of the ARMC/3P is displayed. To
detect the MAC address manually, press the button Refresh Devices. The
displayed MAC address is the same MAC address printed on the white
sticker placed on the back of the ARMC/3P. On the lower right corner of the
window, there are two buttons: Query Device and Setup Device. Press the
Query Device button to display the preconfigured values of the network
configuration. The values are displayed in the text fields located above. If
necessary, adjust the network settings to your needs. To save the changes
enter an user name and an according password. Then press the Setup
Device button.
Using the Linux Psetup Tool
On the top of the window the MAC address of the device is displayed. To
detect the MAC address manually, press the button Refresh. The displayed
MAC address is the same MAC address printed on the white sticker placed
on the back of the ARMC/3P. Furthermore, there are two buttons on the
window: Query Device and Setup Device. Press the Query Device button
to display the preconfigured values of the network configuration. The values
are displayed in the text fields located nearby. If necessary, adjust the
network settings to your needs. To save the changes enter an user name and
an according password. Then press the Setup Device button.
Authentication
To adjust the authentication settings, enter your login as a super user and change
your password.
Super user login
Enter the login name of the super user. The initial value is “admin”.
Super user password
Enter the current password for the super user. This initial value is “password”.
New super user password
Enter the new password for the super user.
New password (confirm)
Re-type the new password for the super user.
To close the window and accept the changes press the OK button, otherwise press
the Cancel button (on Windows). On a Linux system close the window by the
appropiate button of the window frame.
CHAPTER 3: CONFIGURATION
21
Initial Configuration via DHCP Server
By default, the ARMC/3P will try to contact a DHCP server in the subnet to which it is
physically connected. If a DHCP server is found, it may provide a valid IP address,
gateway address and net mask. Before you connect the device to your local subnet, be
sure to complete the corresponding configuration of your DHCP server. It is
recommended to configure a fixed IP assignment to the MAC address of the ARMC/3P.
You can find the MAC address on the outside of the shipping box and on the bottom side
of the ARMC/3P. If this initial configuration does not meet your local requirements, use
the psetup tool to adjust the values to your needs. The psetup tool can be found on your
ARMC/3P CD. You can follow the procedure described below.
Initial Configuration via Serial Console
To configure the ARMC/3P via serial interface both a serial port replicator cable and a
null modem cable are required. Using a serial terminal, the ARMC/3P has a serial line
interface (rear bracket). This connector is compliant with the RS 232 serial line standard.
To establish a serial connection use a standard NULL-Modem cable. The serial line has
to be configured with the parameters given in Table 5. When configuring with a serial
terminal, reset the ARMC/3P and immediately press the ESC key. You will see some
device information, and a “=>” prompt. Enter config, press Enter and wait for a few
seconds for the configuration questions to appear.
Table 5 Serial Line Parameters
Parameter
Value
Bits/second
115200
Data bits
8
Parity
no
Stop bits
1
Flow control
Hardware
As you proceed, the following questions will appear on the screen. To accept the default
values which are shown in square brackets below, press Enter.
IP auto configuration (none/dhcp/bootp) [dhcp]:
IP [none]:
Net mask [255.255.255.0]:
Gateway (0.0.0.0 for none) [0.0.0.0]:
IP autoconfiguration
With this option you can specify whether the ARMC/3P should get its network
settings from a DHCP or BOOTP server. For DHCP, enter “dhcp”, and for
BOOTP enter “bootp”. If you do not specify any of these, the IP
autoconfiguration is disabled and subsequently you will be asked for the
following network settings.
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IP address
The IP address the ARMC/3P uses. This option is only available if IP
autocon- figuration is disabled.
Net mask
The net mask of the connected IP subnet. This option is only available if IP
autoconfiguration is disabled.
Gateway address
The IP address of the default router for the connected IP subnet. If you do not
have a default router, enter 0.0.0.0. This option is only available if IP
autoconfiguration is disabled.
Finally, you will be asked if the values are correct, and may adjust them if necessary.
After your confirmation the ARMC/3P performs a reset using the new values.
Web Interface
The ARMC/3P may be accessed using a standard Java enabled web browser. You may
use the HTTP protocol or a secure encrypted connection via HTTPS. Just enter the
configured IP address of the ARMC/3P into your web browser. The initial login settings are:
Table 6 Standard User Settings
Parameter
Value
Login
admin
Password
password
Changing these settings to user specific values is strongly recommended and can be
done on the “User Management” page (see Chapter 5: User and Groups).
Mouse, Keyboard and Video configuration
Between the ARMC/3P and the host, there are two interfaces available for transmitting
keyboard and mouse data: USB and PS/2. The correct operation of the remote mouse
depends on several settings which will be discussed in the following subsections.
ARMC/3P USB interface
To use the USB interface a correct cabling between the managed host and the
managing device is necessary. If the managed host has no USB keyboard support
in the BIOS and you have connected the USB cable only, then you will have no
remote keyboard access during the boot process of the host. Please see Chapter
5: Keyboard/Mouse for more details.
CHAPTER 3: CONFIGURATION
23
ARMC/3P Keyboard Settings
The ARMC/3P settings for the host’s keyboard type have to be correct in order to
make the remote keyboard work properly. Check the settings in the ARMC/3P
front-end. See Chapter 5: Keyboard/Mouse for details.
Remote Mouse Settings
A common problem with KVM devices is the synchronization between the local and
remote mouse cursors. The ARMC/3P addresses this situation with an intelligent
synchronization algorithm. There are three mouse modes available on the
ARMC/3P.
Auto Mouse Speed
The automatic mouse speed mode tries to detect the speed and acceleration
settings of the host system automatically. See the section below for a more
detailed explanation.
Fixed Mouse Speed
This mode just translates the mouse movements from the Remote Console in
a way that one pixel move will lead to n pixel moves on the remote system.
This parameter n is adjustable with the scaling. It should be noted that this
works only when mouse acceleration is turned off on the remote system.
Single/Double Mouse Mode
This mode is described in the Section called Single and Double Mouse Mode.
Auto Mouse Speed and Mouse Synchronization
The automatic mouse speed mode performs the speed detection during mouse
syn- chronization. Whenever the mouse does not move correctly, there are two
ways for re-synchronizing local and remote mouse:
Fast Sync
The fast synchronization is used to correct a temporary but fixed skew.
Choose this option from the Remote Console Options menu (entry: Mouse
Handling). If defined you may also press the mouse synchronization hotkey
sequence (see Chapter 4: Remote Console Control Bar details) .
Intelligent Sync
If the Fast Sync does not work or the mouse settings have been changed on
the host system, use the Intelligent Synchronization, instead. This method
adjusts the parameters for the actual movement of the mouse pointer so that
the mouse pointer is displayed at the correct position on the screen. This
method takes more time than the Fast Sync and can be accessed with the
appropriate item in the Remote Console Option menu (entry: Mouse
Handling).
The Intelligent Synchronization requires a correctly adjusted picture. Use the
Auto Adjustment function or the manual correction in the Video Settings panel
to setup the picture.
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Furthermore, the shape of the mouse pointer has a significant influence on
the pointer detection. We recommend to use a simple, but common pointer
shape. In most cases, the detection and synchronization of animated pointer
shapes is likely to fail. In general, pointer shapes that change during the
pointer detection process are rather impossible to figure out in the transferred
video picture. With the usage of a standard mouse pointer shape the
detection is rather simple and the syncronization is at its best.
Figure 19 Remote Console Control Bar: Sync Button
The Sync Mouse button on top of the Remote Console can behave
differently, depending on the current state of mouse synchronization. Usually
pressing this button leads to a Fast Sync, except in situations where the KVM
port or the video mode changed recently. See also Chapter 4: Remote
Console Control Bar.
Note: At first start, if the local mouse pointer is not synchronized with the
remote mouse pointer, press the Auto Adjust Button once.
Host System Mouse Settings
The host’s operating system knows various settings for the mouse driver.
Important: The following limitations do not apply in case of USB
and Mouse Type “MS Windows 2000 and newer”.
While the ARMC/3P works with accelerated mice and is able to synchronize the
local with the remote mouse pointer, there are the following limitations which may
prevent this synchronization from working properly:
Special Mouse Driver
There are mouse drivers which influence the synchronization process and
lead to desynchronized mouse pointers. If this happens, make sure you do
not use a special vendor-specific mouse driver on your host system.
Windows 2003 Server/XP Mouse Settings
Windows XP knows a setting named “improve mouse acceleration” which has
to be deactivated.
Active Desktop
If the Active Desktop feature of Microsoft Windows is enabled, do not use a
plain background. Instead, use some kind of wallpaper. As an alternative, you
could also disable the Active Desktop completely.
See also the Section Recommended Mouse Settings for mouse mode
recommendations.
CHAPTER 3: CONFIGURATION
25
Navigate your mouse pointer into the upper left corner of the applet screen and
move it slightly forth and back. The mouse will be resynchronized. If
resynchronizing fails, disable the mouse acceleration and repeat the procedure.
Single and Double Mouse Mode
The information above applies to the Double Mouse Mode where remote and local
mouse pointers are visible and need to be synchronized. The ARMC/3P also features another mode, the Single Mouse Mode, where only the remote mouse pointer
is visible. Activate this mode in the Remote Console (see Chapter 4: Remote
Console Control Bar) and click into the window area. The local mouse pointer will
be hidden and the remote one can be controlled directly. To leave this mode it is
necessary to define a mouse hotkey in the Remote Console Settings Panel. Press
this key to free the captured local mouse pointer.
Recommended Mouse Settings
For the different operating systems on the host we can give the following advice:
MS Windows NT4
NT4 supports PS/2, only. Please choose the options PS/2 mouse and Auto
Mouse Speed.
MS Windows 2000, 2003, XP (all versions)
In general, we recommend the usage of a mouse via USB. Choose USB
without Mouse Sync. For a PS/2 mouse choose Auto Mouse Speed. For XP
disable the option “enhance pointer precision” in the Control Panel.
Note: The remote mouse is always synchronized with the local mouse if
selecting the option “MS Windows 2000 or newer”.
SUN Solaris
Adjust the mouse settings either via “xset m 1” or use the CDE Control Panel
to set the mouse to “1:1, no acceleration”. As an alternative you may also use
the Single Mouse Mode.
MAC OS X
We recommend using the Single Mouse Mode.
OS/2
We recommend using the Single Mouse Mode.
Linux
First, choose the option “Other Operating Systems” from the the Mouse Type
selection box. Second, choose the option Auto Mouse Speed. This applies for
both USB and PS/2 mice.
Note: For connecting a PS/2 mouse the PS/2 system cable is required.
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Video Modes
The ARMC/3P recognizes a limited number of common video modes. When running X11 on the host system please do not use any custom modelines with special
video modes. If you do, the ARMC/3P may not be able to detect them. We recommend using any of the standard VESA video modes instead. Please refer to
Appendix B: ARMC/3P Video Modes for a list of all supported video modes.
Resetting the ARMC/3P to its Factory Settings
Using the S2D Pins
The ARMC/3P has two reset pins as described in Chapter 2: The Set to Default
(S2D) Pins. Upon delivery these pins are open. Close the pins with a jumper and
reboot the ARMC/3P. Wait for about two or three minutes until the primary step for
the reinitialization succeeded. Remove the jumper from the Reset Pins and reboot
the ARMC/3P, again. Now, you may use the default settings as described in
Chapter 3: The Initial Configuration.
Using the Serial Interface
Reset the ARMC/3P and immediately press the ESC key. On your screen a command prompt “=>” will be visible. Enter the command “defaults”, press the Enter
key and wait for a few seconds for the ARMC/3P to reboot. Now, you may use the
default settings as described in Chapter 3: Initial Configuration.
Figure 20 Terminal with Reset Message
CHAPTER 4: USAGE
27
Chapter 4: Usage
Prerequisites
The ARMC/3P features an embedded operating system and applications offering a
variety of standardized interfaces. This chapter will describe both these interfaces and
the way to use them in a more detailed manner. The interfaces are accessed using the
TCP/IP protocol family, thus they can be accessed using the built-in Ethernet adapter or
a modem, too.
The following interfaces are supported:
HTTP/HTTPS
Full access is provided by the embedded web server. The ARMC/3P environment
can be entirely managed using a standard web browser. You can access the
ARMC/3P using the insecure HTTP protocol or using the encrypted HTTPS
protocol. Whenever possible use HTTPS.
Telnet
A standard Telnet client can be used to access ay device connected to the
ARMC/3P’s serial port via a terminal mode.
SSH
The ARMC/3P also offers SSH (Secure Shell) access as a secure alternative to
Telnet.
The primary interface of the ARMC/3P is the HTTP interface. This is covered extensively
in this chapter. Other interfaces are addressed in subtopics.
In order to use the Remote Console window of your managed host system, the browser
has to come with a Java Runtime Environment version 1.1 or higher. If the browser has
no Java support (such as on a small handheld device), you are still able to maintain your
remote host system using the administration forms displayed by the browser itself.
Important: We recommend to install a Sun JVM 1.5.
For an insecure connection to the ARMC/3P we can recommend the following web
browsers:
- Microsoft Internet Explorer version 5.0 or higher on Windows 98,
Windows ME, Windows 2000 and Windows XP
- Netscape Navigator 7.0, Mozilla 1.6 and Mozilla Firefox on Windows 98,
Windows ME, Windows 2000, Windows XP, Linux and other UNIX-like
Operating Systems
In order to access the remote host system using a securely encrypted connection, you
need a browser that supports the HTTPS protocol. Strong security is only assured by
using a key length of 128 Bit. Some of the old browsers do not have a strong 128 Bit
encryption algorithm.
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Using the Internet Explorer, open the menu entry “?” and “Info” to read about the key
length that is currently activated. The dialog box contains a link that leads you to Usage
information on how to upgrade your browser to a state of the art encryption scheme.
Figure 21 shows the dialog box presented by the Internet Explorer 6.0.
Figure 21 The Internet Explorer displaying the Encryption Key Length
Newer web browsers do support strong encryption by default.
Login into the ARMC/3P and logout
Login into the ARMC/3P
Open your web browser. Type in the address of your ARMC/3P which you configured during the installation process. The address used might be a plain IP address
or a host and domain name, in case you have given your ARMC/3P a symbolic
name in the DNS. For instance, type the following in the address line of your
browser when establishing an unsecured connection:
http://192.168.1.22/
In order to use a secure connection type in:
https://192.168.1.22/
This will lead you to the ARMC/3P login page as shown in Figure 22.
Figure 22 Login Screen
Important: Your web browser has to accept cookies or else login is
not possible.
CHAPTER 4: USAGE
29
The ARMC/3P has a built-in admin that has all the permissions to administer your
ARMC/3P. See the following table for the default settings.
Table 7 Standard User Settings
Parameter
Value
Login
admin
Password
password
When you login for the first time on the ARMC/3P a window will open to request a
password change as shown in Figure 23. The password change is to prevent
unauthorized access of the host system and the ARMC/3P.
Figure 23 Password Change Request
Important: Please make sure to change the admin user password
immediately after you have installed and accessed your ARMC/3P
for the first time. Not changing the pass phrase for the admin user
is a severe security risk and might result in unauthorized access to
the ARMC/3P and to the host system including all possible
consequences!
Navigation
Having logged into the ARMC/3P successfully, the main page of the ARMC/3P
appears (see Figure 24). This page consists of three parts, each of which contains
specific information. The buttons on the upper side allow you to switch between the
different sections of the ARMC/3P (see Figure 25). The lower left frame contains
user and device information (see
!
for details). Within the
right frame, task-specific information is displayed that depends on the section you
have chosen before.
錯誤 找不到參照來源。
找不到參照來源。
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Figure 24 ARMC/3P Main Page Overview
Figure 25 Navigation Frame Overview
Table 8 Links for Navigation
Link
Description
Click to open the main page overview (like
Figure 24).
Click to open the KVM Console.
Important: If there is no activity for half an hour, the ARMC/3P will
log you out automatically. A click on one of the links will bring you
back to the login screen.
CHAPTER 4: USAGE
31
Logout from the ARMC/3P
This link logs out the current user and presents a new login screen. Please note
that an automatic logout will be performed in case there is no activity for half an
hour.
Figure 26 Logout Link
Managing the ARMC/3P with a CommandCenter
If you use CommandCenter Secure Gateway to manage your devices, then you can add
your ARMC/3P to CC-SG´s management domain to enable all CommandCenter features
for ARMC/3P. This includes single sign on and central user management and will allow
you to operate and configure the ARMC/3P directly from the CommandCenter. Please
consult your CommandCenter manual for further information on this topic.
While the ARMC/3P is managed by a CommandCenter no local access is possible.
Access and Authorization will only be granted through the CommandCenter.
Releasing the ARMC/3P from managed mode should be done with the CommandCenter.
Should the CommandCenter not be available for some reasons, then the ARMC/3P will
automatically reenable local logins after a defined time. The administrator can then
manually release the ARMC/3P from CommandCenter.
The Remote Console
General Description
The Remote Console is the redirected screen, keyboard and mouse of the remote
host system that the ARMC/3P controls.
The Remote Console window is a Java Applet that tries to establish its own TCP
connection to the ARMC/3P. The protocol that is run over this connection is neither
HTTP nor HTTPS, but RFB (Remote Frame Buffer Protocol). Currently RFB tries to
establish a connection to port #443. Your local network environment has to allow
this connection to be made, i.e. your firewall and, in case you have a private
internal network, your NAT (Network Address Translation) settings have to be
configured accordingly.
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In case the ARMC/3P is connected to your local network environment and your
connection to the Internet is available using a proxy server only without NAT being
configured, the Remote Console is very unlikely to be able to establish the
connection. This is because today’s web proxies are not capable of relaying the
RFB protocol.
In case of problems, please consult your network administrator in order to provide
an appropriate network environment.
Figure 27 Remote Console
Main Window
Starting the Remote Console opens an additional window. It displays the screen
content of your host system. The Remote Console will behave exactly in the same
way as if you were sitting directly in front of the screen of your remote system. That
means keyboard and mouse can be used in the usual way. However, be aware of
the fact that the remote system will react to keyboard and mouse actions with a
slight delay. The delay depends on the bandwidth of the line which you use to
connect to the ARMC/3P.
With respect to the keyboard, the very exact remote representation might lead to
some confusion as your local keyboard changes its keyboard layout according to
the remote host system. If you use a German administration system and your host
system uses a US English keyboard layout, for instance, special keys on the
CHAPTER 4: USAGE
33
German keyboard will not work as expected. Instead, the keys will work like their
US English counterparts. You can circumvent such problems by adjusting the
keyboard of your remote system to the same mapping as your local one.
The Remote Console window always tries to show the remote screen with its
optimal size. That means it will adapt its size to the size of the remote screen
initially and after the screen resolution of the remote screen has been changed.
However, you can always resize the Remote Console window in your local window
system as usual.
Important: In difference to the remote host system, the Remote
Console window on your local window system is just one window
among others. In order to make keyboard and mouse work, your
Remote Console window must have the local input focus.
Remote Console Control Bar
The upper part of the Remote Console window contains a control bar. Using its
elements you can see the status of the Remote Console and influence the local
Remote Console settings. A description for each control follows.
Figure 28 Remote Console Control Bar
Ctrl+Alt+Delete
Special button key to send the “Control Alt Delete” key combination to the
remote system (see also Chapter 5: KVM Settings for defining new button
keys).
Drive Redirection button
Menu Button for opening the Drive Redirection menu and choosing between
two virtual media options at the same time (see also Chapter 5: Drive
Redirection).
Note: The “Drive Redirection” window with the two drives for selection opens
only if the client system is using Windows 2000 or higher and if the Remote
Console user has an administrator status on Windows. In case the client
system is using a LINUX OS the “Drive Redirection Selection” window will not
be displayed.
Auto Adjust button
If the video displayed is of bad quality or distorted in some way, press this
button and wait a few seconds while the ARMC/3P tries to adjust itself for the
best possible video quality.
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Sync Mouse
Choose this option in order to synchronize the local with the remote mouse
cursor. This is especially necessary when using accelerated mouse settings
on the host system. In general, there is no need to change mouse settings on
that.
Single/Double Mouse Mode
Switches between the Single Mouse Mode (where only the remote mouse
pointer is visible) and the Double Mouse Mode (where remote and local
mouse pointers are visible and need to be synchonized). Single Mouse Mode
is only available if using SUN JVM 1.4 or higher.
Note: If the “Host Interface” is set on “USB” and the “USB Mouse Type” is set
on “Windows >= 200, MAC OS X” then the buttons for “Sync Mouse” and
“Single/Double Mouse Mode” are hide.
Options
To open the Options menu click on the button Options. See the Section
Remote Console Options for a detailed description of the available options
for the ARMC/3P.
Remote Console Options
To open the Options menu click on the button Options.
Figure 29 Remote Console Options Menu
A description of the options follows.
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Monitor Only
Toggles the Monitor Only filter on or off. If the filter is switched on no remote
console interaction is possible. The remote screen can be viewed, only.
Exclusive Access
If a user has the appropriate permission, he or she can force the Remote Consoles
of all other users to close. No one can open the Remote Console at the same time
again until this user disables the exclusive access or logs off. A change in the
access mode is also visible in the status line. See the Section Remote Console
Status Line for more information.
Readability Filter
Toggles the Readability Filter on or off. If the filter is switched on in scaling mode, it
will preserve most of the screen details even if the image is substantially scaled
down. This option will be available only with a JVM 1.4 or higher.
Scaling
Allows you to scale down the Remote Console. You can still use both mouse and
keyboard, but the scaling algorithm will not preserve all display details.
Figure 30 Remote Console Options Menu: Scaling
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Mouse Handling
The submenu for mouse handling offers two options for synchronizing the local and
the remote mouse pointer as explained in Chapter 3: Mouse, Keyboard and
Video configuration.
•
Fast Sync
The fast synchronization is used to correct a temporary but fixed skew.
•
Intelligent Sync
Use this option if the fast sync does not work or the mouse settings have
been changed on the host system.
•
Mouse Mode
Use this option to choose between Single Mouse or Double Mouse Mode,
see Section: Remote Console Control Bar.
Important: This method takes more time than the fast one and
requires a correctly adjusted picture. To setup the picture you may
use either the auto adjustment function or the manual correction
in the Video Settings panel.
Figure 31 Remote Console Options Menu: Mouse Handling
Local Cursor
Offers a list of different cursor shapes to choose from for the local mouse pointer.
The selected shape will be saved for the current user and activated the next time
this user opens the Remote Console. The number of available shapes depends on
the Java Virtual Machine, a version of 1.2 or higher offers the full list.
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Figure 32 Remote Console Options Menu: Local Cursor
Chat Window
The ARMC/3P Remote Console features a Chat Frame that allows you to communicate with other parties logged into the same card. Figure 33 Remote Console
Options Menu: Chat Window shows an example of the Chat Frame.
Title Bar
Chat Area
Chat Line
Identity Label
Figure 33 Remote Console Options Menu: Chat Window
The Chat Frame is helpful especially for discussing problems and questions among
the users logged into the ARMC/3P. The remote host’s screen should not be
changed or misused for that purpose.
Title Bar
Shows the IP address of the ARMC/3P you are connected to.
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Chat Area
Read-only text area showing the messages, which have been received so far,
including your own messages sent to others. The identity string of the sender
precedes each message.
Identity Label
Shows the identity string used to precede messages sent by this Chat Frame.
The first part of the identity string is the user ID that has been used to log into
the client system, i.e. the system the browser runs on. The second part,
behind the “ @ ”, is the hostname of the client system. The last part in round
brackets is the user who logged into the ARMC/3P . As displayed in Figure
33, it is the user “super” .
Chat Line
This is an editable text line, where a new message can be entered. Once the
Enter key is hit the message is broadcasted to every other connected party.
In case a connected user has not yet opened the Chat Frame, it will be
opened automatically in order to receive and display the delivered message.
Important: Any message sent to the Chat will be broadcasted to all
connected users, which are using the Remote Console at the time
the message was sent. There is no option to direct a message to a
particular user only. The Chat has no message history. That means,
messages will be received only after opening the Remote Console.
Messages that possibly have been sent among other users will be
lost for a user who opens up his Remote Console afterwards.
Video Settings
Opens a panel for changing the ARMC/3P video settings. The ARMC/3P features
two different dialogs which influence the video settings.
Video Settings through the HTML Frontend
Select this option to enable local video port. This option decides if the local
video output of the ARMC/3P is active and passing through the incoming
signal from the host system.
The option Noise Filter defines how the ARMC/3P reacts to small changes in
the video input signal. A large filter setting needs less network traffic and
leads to a faster video display but small changes in some display regions
may not be recognized immediately. A small filter displays all changes
instantly but may lead to a constant amount of network traffic even if display
content is not really changing (depending on the quality of the video input
signal). All in all the default setting should be suitable for most situations.
Video Settings through the remote console
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Figure 34 Remote Console Options Menu: Video Settings Panel
Brightness
Controls the brightness of the picture.
Contrast
Controls the contrast of the picture.
Clock
Defines the horizontal frequency for a video line and depends on the video
mode. Different video card types may require different values here. The
default settings in conjunction with the auto adjustment procedure should be
adequate for all common configurations. To achieve a better picture quality
you may try to change this setting together with the sampling phase.
Phase
Defines the phase for video sampling, used to control the display quality
together with the setting for sampling clock.
Horizontal Position
Use the left and right buttons to move the picture in horizontal direction while
this option is selected.
Vertical Position
Use the left and right buttons to move the picture in vertical direction while
this option is selected.
Reset this Mode
Reset mode specific settings to the factory-made defaults.
Reset all Modes
Reset all settings to the factory-made defaults.
Save changes
Save changes permanently.
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Undo Changes
Restore last settings.
Refresh Video
Use this option to refresh the video picture. The video data for the Remote Console
is updated completely.
On startup of the Remote Console, the ARMC/3P transmits the entire video picture
from the remote host. Subsequently, the parts of the video picture that did not
change are filtered and not transmitted, again. This leads to less video data to be
transmitted. It may happen that there are parts of the video picture that are not
updated correctly (video noise, compression errors). You may use this option to
initiate an entire refresh, manually.
Soft Keyboard
The Soft Keyboard simulates an entire keyboard that is connected to the remote
system. It is necessary in case your remote system runs with a completely different
language and country mapping than your administration machine. By selecting the
appropriate button(s) you can send key codes and also key sequences to the
remote system and act as if you would work with a keyboard that is directly
connected to the remote system.
In order to open the Soft Keyboard select the entry “Soft Keyboard” from the
Options menu. You can send single key strokes like F as well as combinations of
keys such as Ctrl+C or AltGr+Shift+F4.
For a single key stroke you can click on the button with the appropriate character.
Single keys such as regular characters and numbers are sent immediately. Special
keys like Ctrl, Shift as well as the function keys F1 to F12 have to be
selected twice. The first press sends the signal “key is pressed”, the second press
sends the signal “key is released” to the remote system. After the first press the
button will change its color to indicate that the appropriate key is pressed, currently.
After the second press the button will appear as usual and indicate that the key
was sent.
To send the key combination Ctrl+C select the button Ctrl first. The button will
change its color. Press the button C. The following key (C in our example) will be
combined with the previously selected key. Both the buttons Ctrl and C are
released and the key combination will be sent to the remote system. The button
Ctrl will appear as normal (color change).
In order to send the key combination Ctrl+F5 three steps have to be taken.
Select the button Ctrl once and the button F5 twice. The last press will release
both buttons and send the key combination to the remote system.
In order to send the key combination AltGr+Shift+F4 four steps are required.
First, select the button AltGr once. Second, select the button Shift. Finally, choose
the button F4 twice. The last press will release all the buttons and send the key
combination to the remote system.
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Figure 35 Remote Console Options Menu: Softkeyboard
•
Show
Displays the Soft Keyboard.
•
Mapping
Used for choosing the appropriate language and country mapping of the Soft
Keyboard.
Figure 36 Soft Keyboard Mapping
Local Keyboard
Used to change the language mapping of your browser machine running the Remote Console Applet. Normally, the applet determines the correct value automatically. However, depending on your particular JVM and your browser settings this is
not always possible. A typical example is a German localized system that uses a
US-English keyboard mapping. In this case you have to change the Local
Keyboard setting to the right language manually.
Hotkeys
Opens a list of hotkeys defined before. In order to send a registered command to
the host system choose the appropriate entry. A confirmation dialog can be added
that will be displayed before sending the selected command to the remote host.
Choose OK to perform the command on the remote host. For a detailed description
see Chapter 5: Remote Console Button Keys.
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Figure 37 Remote Console Options Menu: Hotkey Confirmations Dialog
Encoding
These options are used to adjust the encoding level in terms of compression and
color depth. They are only available unless “Transmission Encoding” is determined
automatically (see Chapter 5: Transmission Encoding).
•
Predefined
This option Predefined offers optimized data for transmission. It depends on
the bandwidth of the chosen connection.
Figure 38 Remote Console Options Menu: Encoding - Predefined
•
Compression level
You may select a value between 1 and 9 for the desired compression level
with level 1 enabling the fastest compression and level 9 the best
compression. The most suitable compression level should always be seen as
a compromise between the network bandwith that is available, the video
picture to be transferred, and the number of changes between two single
video pictures. We recommend to use a higher compression level if the
network bandwidth is low. The higher the compression level the more time is
necessary to both pack and unpack the video data on either side of the
connection. The compression quality depends on the video picture itself, e.g.
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the number of colors or the diversity of pixels. The lower the compression
quality, the more data have to be sent and the longer it may take to transfer
the whole video picture.
If level 0 is chosen the video compression is disabled, completely.
The option Video Optimized has its advantages if transferring high-quality
motion pictures. In this case the video compression is disabled, completely
and all video data is transferred via network as full-quality video snippets.
Therefore, a high amount of bandwidth is required to ensure the quality of the
video picture.
Figure 39 Remote Console Options Menu: Encoding - Compression
•
Color Depth
Set the desired color depth. You may select between 8 or 16 bit for Video
Opti- mized/compression level 0, or between 1 and 8 bit for compression
level 1 to 9. The higher the color depth, the more video information has to be
captured and transferred.
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Figure 40 Remote Console Options Menu: Encoding – Color Depth
Note: If displaying motion pictures on a connection with low speed you may
achieve an improvement regarding the video transfer rate by lowering the
color depth and disabling the option “Video Optimized”. As a general result,
the data rate is reduced (less bits per color). Furthermore, the ARMC/3P will
not have to do any video compression. In total, this will lead to less transfer
time of the motion picture.
•
Lossy
Toggles the Lossy filter on or off. If the filter is switched on there will be less
data transmitted but no frames/pictures lost. That means a higher frame rate
with fewer details.
Remote Console Status Line
The status line shows both console and the connection state. On the left the size of
the remote screen is displayed. Figure 41 was taken from a Remote Console with
a resolution of 800x600 pixels (see Appendix B: ARMC/3P Video Modes for a list
of screen resolutions that can be displayed using the ARMC/3P). The value in
brackets describes the connection to the Remote Console. “Norm” means a
standard connection without encryption, “SSL” indicates a secure connection using
Secure Socket Layer (SSL).
Figure 41 Remote Console Status Line
The status line displays the number of frame buffer updates (“Fps”) as well as the
incoming (“In:”) and the outgoing (“Out:”) network traffic in kilobytes per second. A
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low value of the network traffic is recommended and can be achieved as described
in the Section Optimizing the Video Picture. If compressed encoding is enabled,
a value in brackets displays the compressed transfer rate.
Figure 42 Status Line Transfer Rate
The next button displays the Remote Console Access settings.
Table 9 Buttons displaying the Access Status
One single user is connected to the Remote
Console of the ARMC/3P.
One or more users are connected to the Remote
Console of the ARMC/3P.
A remote user has exclusive access. You may not
access the remote host via Remote Console
unless the other user disables this option.
Exclusive access is set for you. Any other user
may not access the remote host via Remote
Console unless you disable this option.
The outer right button displays the state of the Monitor Only settings.
Table 10 Buttons displaying the Monitor State
The option Monitor Only is disabled.
The option Monitor Only is enabled.
For more information about Monitor Only and Exclusive Access settings see the
according paragraphs in the Remote Console Control Bar.
Optimizing the Video Picture
To achieve an optimal video picture for the Remote Console follow the steps as
given here:
1. Press the Auto Adjust button once (see the Section Remote Console
Control Bar for details).
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2. Choose the option Video Settings from the Options Menu of the Remote
Console. Press the button Reset this Mode.
Figure 43 Remote Console Video Settings: Reset this Mode
3. Again, press the Auto Adjust button once.
4. The ARMC/3P detects the video mode with 8 bits (256 colors) automatically.
To improve the picture quality you may select 16 bit (True Color) from the
Options Menu of the Remote Console, sub menu “Encoding”, entry “Color
Depth” (see the Section Encoding for details).
5. Finally, if the the Remote Console transfer rate is too high you may do an
adjustment using the Noise filter. The higher the filter level the more
information is filtered from the transferred video picture (see the Section
called Video in Chapter 6 for details) and the data rate is reduced.
Currently, the video picture with the best quality can be achieved with the settings
“16 bit (High Color)” in the Remote Console or “LAN (High Color)” in the web
frontend. This option can also be preset in Chapter 5: User Console. The sub
menu “Compression” from the Options menu has no influence on the picture
quality but on the data rate of the picture that is transferred to the Remote Console.
Reducing the Noise of the Video Picture
To reduce the noise from the video picture for the Remote Console you may adjust
the Noise filter. Prior to that we recommend optimizing the video picture as
described in the Section called Optimizing the Video Picture.
In most cases the rate of transferred data indicates the noise level. The higher the
transfer rate, the higher the noise of the video picture. You may do an adjustment
using the Noise filter. The higher the filter level the more information is filtered from
the transferred video picture (see Chapter 5: Video details) and the data rate is
reduced.
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Using the ARMC/3P with low bandwidth
The network connection of the ARMC/3P has an important influence on the time
between two single video pictures. On a connection with low bandwidth it takes
longer to transfer the video data from the ARMC/3P to the Remote Console on the
local host. If the remote screen has changed a new picture is sent.
In terms of transfer time there is no difference between text screens and screens in
graphics mode. The video picture is taken as graphics data no matter what the
screen looks like and which video mode is chosen. In terms of transferred data
there can be an improvement. The compression plays an important role here. You
can choose a compression level from the sub menu Compression in the Options
menu of the Remote Console.
Please note that the video will be compressed on the ARMC/3P, transferred to the
Remote Console and unpacked in a Java environment. Depending on the remote
host and on the local machine this procedure may take some time and may result
in a slowly updated picture in the Remote Console.
To improve the speed you may also set the picture quality in the Remote Console
to either “8 bit” or even to grayscale. Due to less video data to be processed this is
likely to be more effective than the highest compression level.
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Chapter 5: Menu Options
Remote Control
KVM Console
Figure 44 Main Page with Remote Console Preview
Remote Console Preview
To open the KVM console click on the Remote Console link on the left or on the
console picture on the right, or click the Remote Control navigation button and
choose KVM Console (seen in Figure 44). To refresh the picture click on the
button that is named Refresh.
Remote Power
Use the “Remote Power” page to control the host system’s power status via one of
the following methods:
• Internal Power Control via ATX wires
• Power Control via IPMI
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Figure 45 Power Control Overview
Internal Power Control via ATX wires
The power button is the representation of the ATX power button on your host
system. It is used to switch on and off the power supply. The ATX power button
knows two operation modes: pressing it shortly and pressing it for about 4 seconds.
Short Press
A short press on the ATX button is normally caught by the running operating
system that tries to initiate a controlled shutdown.
Usually this should always be the first action you try in case you would like to
power off your system. Only in case this is not working you should try the
long press button.
Please note that after you have pressed this button the power state displayed
in the administration panel will not immediately reflect the requested change.
A controlled shut down of the system may take some minutes. You can
observe the action caused by your button press using the Remote Console
window or by reloading the Server Power Control panel.
Long Press
This will unconditionally power off the system. Even if you have submitted a
short press before, this will shut down the power supply of the host system.
The effect of the long button press can be immediately observed on the panel
that is loaded into the browser because of the button press. The power state
will be off.
Reset
Pressing this button is similar to pressing the Reset button directly on the
remote system. Be aware that pressing the Reset button will result in an
unconditional and immediate cold start of the system. This might damage
open files and the file system itself.
Figure 46 ‘Internal Power Control’ Buttons
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Important: The prerequisite for the remote power/reset button to
work is a correct installation of the ARMC/3P.
Power Control via Intelligent Platform Management Interface (IPMI)
The ARMC/3P is capable of controlling the power status of an IPMI-enabled host
system. See Chapter 5: Intelligent Platform Management Interface (IPMI) for
configuration instructions. If the ARMC/3P is configured to act as an IPMI client the
Remote Power Control page will show three buttons:
Power On
Sends an IPMI “Power On” command to the Baseboard Management
Controller (BMC).
Power Off
Sends an IPMI “Power Off” command to the BMC.
Reset
Sends an IPMI “Hard Reset” command to the BMC.
Figure 47 ‘Power Control via IPMI’ Buttons
Telnet Console
The ARMC/3P firmware features a Telnet gateway that enables a user to connect
to the ARMC/3P via a standard Telnet client. For connecting to the ARMC/3P via
Telnet protocol you may use a terminal program such as xterm, TeraTerm or
Putty. As an alternative you may also enter the telnet command on the command
line or use the “Run” dialog from the Windows Start Menu. As an example you may
type the following sequence:
telnet 192.168.1.22
Replace the IP address by the one that is actually assigned to the ARMC/3P. This
will prompt for user name and password in order to log into the device. The credentials that need to be entered for authentication are identical to those of the web
interface. That means the user management of the Telnet interface is entirely
controlled with the comparable functions of the web interface.
Once you have successfully logged into the ARMC/3P a command line will be
presented and you can enter the necessarry management commands.
In general, the Telnet interface supports two operation modes: the command line
mode and the terminal mode. The command line mode is used to control or display
some parameters. In terminal mode the pass-through access to serial port 1 is acti-
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vated (if the serial settings were made accordingly). All inputs are redirected to the
device on serial port #1 and its answers are displayed on the Telnet interface.
Figure 48 Telnet Console
The following list shows the command syntax and their usage.
help
Displays the list of possible commands
quit
Exits the current session and disconnects from the client
version
Displays the release information
terminal
Starts the terminal pass-through mode for serial port #1. The key sequence
esc exit switches back to the command mode. The command has an optional
parameter (1 or 2) to select the desired serial port for pass-through access.
reset [host|card]
Resets the given target, the host system or the ARMC/3P card. If no reset
target is given it defaults to “host”. Note that resetting the ARMC/3P results in
disconnecting every client. This includes also the client the reset command
was sent from.
power [on|off [short|long]]
The host is powered on or off. If no new power state is given, the current
CHAPTER 5: MENU OPTIONS
53
state will be displayed. The given attribute (either short or long) will determine
the ATX duration. The default value is short.
Voltages
Displays a list of all current voltages of the system.
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Virtual Media
The ARMC/3P provides Double Virtual Media. So it is possible to choose between two
virtual media devices at the same time, for example required by special applications like
BOOT procedure.
Floppy Disk
Figure 49 Floppy Virtual Area
Upload a Floppy Image
With two small steps working on the basis of a certain (floppy) image can be
achieved.
• First the path of the image has to be specified. You can do that either by
hand or by using the file selection dialog of your web browser. To open the
file selection dialog click on the Browse button and select the desired image
file.
The maximum image size is limited to 1.44MB. To use a larger image mount
this image via Windows Share (or SAMBA) (see the Section called Use
Image on Windows Share (SAMBA) for details).
• Secondly, click on the Upload button to initiate the transfer of the chosen
image file into the ARMC/3P’s on-board memory. This image file is kept in the
on- board memory of the ARMC/3P until the end of the current session, until
you logged out or initiated a reboot of the ARMC/3P.
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Figure 50 Select Image File
Download a Floppy Image
A floppy image kept in the ARMC/3P’s memory can be both read and written to. To
retrieve the changed image contents after writing to it click the Download button
and select a folder to store the file in.
Figure 51 Active Image File
CD ROM
Use Image on Windows Share (SAMBA)
To include an image from a Windows share select CD-ROM from the submenu.
The following information has to be given to mount the selected image properly:
Share host
The server name or its IP address. On Windows 95, 98 and Windows ME do
not specify the IP address but the server name (“NetBIOS Name”).
Share name
The name of the share to be used.
Path to image
The path of the image file on the share.
User (optional)
If necessary, specify the user name for the share named before. If
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unspecified and a guest account is activated, this guest account information
will be used as your login.
Password (optional)
If necessary, specify the password for the given user name.
Figure 52 Selecting CD-ROM and Windows Share
For an example you may have a look on Figure 52. First, the ARMC/3P will look for
a server named mysql.acme.com. Then, the entered share name is selected (in
our example we use the share storage) and the image file \cdrom_image.iso is
opened. If this file can only be accessed with both a user name and password
enter the appropriate values in the input fields for user name and password. In our
case the file is owned by the user “johndoe” and protected by a user-specific passphrase (displayed as a number of stars).
To register the specified file image and its location click on the Set button.
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The specified image file is supposed to be accessible from the ARMC/3P. The information above has to be given from the point of view of the ARMC/3P. It is
important to specify correct IP addresses and device names. Otherwise, the
ARMC/3P may not be able to access the referenced image file properly, leave the
given file unmounted and it will display an according error message, instead. So,
we recommend to state correct values and repeat this step if necessary.
Figure 53 The Image File on the Share
Furthermore, the specified share has to be configured correctly. Therefore, administrative permissions are required. As a regular user you may not have these permissions. You should either login as a system administrator (or as “root” on UNIX
systems) or ask your system administrator for help to complete this task.
Windows 2000/XP
Open the Explorer, navigate to the directory (or share) and press the right
mouse button to open the context menu. Select Sharing to open the
configuration dialog (see Figure 54).
Adjust the settings for the selected directory (see Figure 55).
• Activate the selected directory as a share. Select Share this folder.
• Choose an appropriate name for the share. You may also add a short
description for this folder (input field Comment).
• If necessary, adjust the permissions (button Permissions).
• Click OK to set the options for this share.
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Figure 54 Explorer Context Menu
Figure 55 Share Configuration Dialog
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UNIX and UNIX-like OS (UNIX, Solaris, Linux)
If you like to access the share via SAMBA, SAMBA has to be set up properly.
You may either edit the SAMBA configuration file /etc/samba/smb.conf
or use the Samba Web Administration Tool (SWAT) or WebMin to set the
correct parameters.
For additional options see the Section: Options for details.
Drive Redirection
The Drive Redirection is another possibility to use a virtual disc drive on the remote
computer. With Drive Redirection you do not have to use an image file but may
work with a drive from your local computer on the remote machine. The drive is
hereby shared over a TCP network connection. Devices such as floppy drives,
hard discs, CD ROMs and other removable devices like USB sticks can be
redirected. It is even possible to enable a write support so that for the remote
machine it is possible to write data to your local disc.
Figure 56 Drive Redirection
Please note that Drive Redirection works on a level which is far below the
operating system. That means that neither the local nor the remote operating
system is aware that the drive is currently redirected, actually. This may lead to
inconsistent data as soon as one of the operating systems (either from the local
machine, or from the remote host) is writing data on the device. If write support is
enabled the remote computer might damage the data and the file system on the
redirected device. On the other hand, if the local operating system writes data to
the redirected device the drive cache of the operating system of the remote host
might contain older data. This may confuse the remote host’s operating system.
We recommend to use the Drive Redirection with care, especially the write support.
Drive Redirection Options
As shown in Figure 56 the following options may be enabled:
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Disable Drive Redirection
If enabled the Drive Redirection is switched off.
Force read-only connections
If enabled the Write Support for the Drive Redirection is switched off. It is not
possible to write on a redirected device.
Click Apply to submit your changes.
Software Requirements
To use this feature, you have to install the Drive Redirection software that is
currently only available for Microsoft Windows. This software can be found on your
ARMC/3P CD.
Configuration
Figure 57 Main View
Specify the parameters of the network connection (see Figure 57).
Device
This is the address (either the DNS name or the IP address) of the ARMC/3P
you would like to connect to.
Port
This is the network port. By default, ARMC/3P uses the remote console port
(#443) here. You may change this value if you have changed the remote
console port in your ARMC/3P’s network settings.
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Secure Connection
Enable this box to establish a secure connection via SSL. This will maximize
the security but may reduce the connection speed.
Drive Selection
Figure 58 Selecting the desired Drive
Select the drive you would like to redirect. All available devices (drive letters) are
shown here. Please note that the whole drive is shared with the remote computer,
not only one partition. If you have a hard disc with more than one partition all drive
letters that belong to this disc will be redirected.
The Refresh button may be used to regenerate the list of drive letters, especially
for an USB stick.
Write Support
Figure 59 Selection Write Support
This feature may be enabled here. Write support means that the remote computer
is allowed to write on your local drive. As you can imagine, this is very dangerous.
If both the remote and the local system try to write data on the same device, this
will certainly destroy the file system on the drive. Please use this only when you
exactly know what you are doing.
Virtual Drive and Device Authentification
Figure 60 Device Authentification
To use the Drive Redirection, you have to authenticate on the ARMC/3P using a
valid username and password. A permission to change the virtual disc
configuration is necessary .
With the offered Double Virtual Media feature of the ARMC/3P you have to select
the drive you want to use.
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Figure 61 Virtual Drive Selection
Navigation Buttons
Connect/Disconnect
To establish the drive redirection press the Connect button once. If all the
settings are correct, the status bar displays that the connection has been
established, the Connect button is disabled and the Disconnect button is
enabled.
On an error, the status line shows the error message. The drive redirection
software tries to lock the local drive before it is redirected. That means that it
tries to prevent the local operating system from accessing the drive as long
as it is redirected. This may also fail, especially if a file on the drive is
currently open. In the case of a locking failure, you will be prompted if you
want to establish the connection anyhow. This should not be a serious
problem when the note above is respected. If the write support is enabled, a
drive which is not locked might be damaged by the Drive Redirection.
With the Disconnect button, a connection via Drive Redirection connection is
stopped.
Exit/Hide
If the Exit button is pressed, the Drive Redirection software is closed. If a
Drive Redirection connection is active, the connection will be closed before
the application terminates.
Using the Hide to Tray button the application is hidden, but not terminated
completely. That means that an active connection will be kept active until it is
closed explicitly. You can access the software by its tray icon. The tray icon
also shows whether a connection is established or not. A double click on the
icon shows the application window, or with a right click you may access a
small menu (see Figure 62).
Figure 62 Tray Info
Options
Figure 63 USB Mass Storage Option
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63
Set this option to disable the mass storage emulation (and hide the virtual drive) as
long as no image file is currently loaded. If unset and no file image will be found, it
may happen that the host system will hang on boot due to changes in the boot
order or the boot manager (LILO, GRUB). This case was reported for some
Windows versions (2000, XP), other OS may not be fully excluded. This behaviour
depends on the BIOS version used in that machine.
To set this option press the Apply button.
Creating an Image
Floppy Images
UNIX and UNIX-like OS
To create an image file make use of “dd”. This is one of the original UNIX
utilities and is included in every UNIX-like OS (UNIX, Sun Solaris, Linux). To
create a floppy image file copy the contents of a floppy to a file. You can use
the following command:
dd [ if=/dev/fd0 ] [ of=/tmp/floppy.image ]
dd reads the entire disc from the device /dev/fd0 and saves the output in the
spec- ified output file /tmp/floppy.image. Adjust both parameters exactly
to your needs (input device etc.)
MS Windows
You can use the tool “RawWrite for Windows”.
Select the tab Read from the menu. Enter (or choose) the name of the file in
which you would like to save the floppy content. Click on the Copy button to
initiate the image creation process. For related tools you may have a look at
the homepage of the fdos project
(http://www.fdos.org/ripcord/rawrite/).
Figure 64 RawWrite for Windows Selection Dialog
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CD ROM/ISO 9660 Images
UNIX and UNIX-like OS
To create an image file make use of “dd”. This is one of the original UNIX
utilities and is included in every UNIX-like OS (UNIX, Sun Solaris, Linux). To
create a CDROM image file copy the contents of the CDROM to a file. You
can use the following command:
dd [ if=/dev/cdrom ] [ of=/tmp/cdrom.image ]
dd reads the entire disc from the device /dev/cdrom and saves the output
in the specified output file /tmp/cdrom.image. Adjust both parameters
exactly to your needs (input device etc.).
MS Windows
To create the image file use your favourite CD imaging tool. Copy the whole
contents of the disc into one single ISO image file on your harddisk. For
example, with “Nero” you choose “Copy and Backup”. Then, navigate to the
Copy Disc section. Select the CD ROM or DVD drive you would like to
create an ISO image from. Specify the filename of the ISO image and save
the CD ROM content in that file.
Figure 65 Nero Selection Dialog
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System Health
The IPMI support on the host system enables you to power on or off the host
system or to perform a hard reset over the ARMC/3P. Furthermore, it provides the
possibility to show an event log of the host system and the status of some system
sensors (i.e. temperature).
Chassis Control
With Chassis Control one can
• Get the information of the specified chassis
• Switch host power on/off
• Locate host chassis
• Enable/disable the Power, Reset, NMI buttons on the front panel
Figure 66 Chassis Control
Monitor Sensors
Some of the sensors on the host will be listed here.
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Figure 67 Monitor Sensors Overview
System Event Log
You can browse the System event logs here. Please note that these logs are for
IPMI events, they are independent to the system logs of the OPMA add-on card.
Figure 68 System Event Log Overview
Alarm Settings
Here you can see all the alerts of the system. You can also define the filters,
policies and LAN destinations, to which the alerts will be sent. For more details
please consult the IPMI specifications.
Figure 69 IPMI Alarm Configuration
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User Management
Change Password
Figure 70 Set Password
To change your password enter the new password in the upper entry field. Retype
the password in the field below.
Click Apply to submit your changes.
User and Groups
Figure 71 User/Group Management
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User Management
The configurable settings of the ARMC/3P are split into user settings (basically
authentication and user information) and group settings (authorization).
There is one predefined user "admin" and two predefined group "admin" and
"<unknown>", which cannot be renamed or deleted.
Each user may be member of one group and inherits permissions set for this group.
If a user is not member of a group, permissions can be set exclusively for that user.
The user “admin” is always member of admin group which has full system access.
The <unknown> group initially does not have any permissions, but is modifiable.
Users can authenticate against a remote authentication service (such as LDAP or
RADIUS). If this remote authentication service returns an invalid or no group
assignment, the user is considered to be member of the <unknown> group.
Upon delivery, the account for the user “admin” has the password “password”.
Make sure to change the password immediately after you have installed and first
accessed your ARMC/3P.
A full list of available options follows. This list can only be seen by the admin.
Existing users
Select an existing user for modification. Once a user has been selected, click
the Lookup button to see the user information.
New User name
The new user name for the selected account.
Password
The password for the login name. It must be at least four characters long.
Confirm password
Confirmation of the password above.
Email address
This is optional.
Mobile number
This information may be optionally provided.
Dial-back number
This information may be optionally provided.
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Existing groups
Select an existing group for modification. Each user can be a member of a
group - either an administrator or a regular user. Choose the desired group
from the selection box.
New group name
The new group name for the selected account.
To create a user or a group press the Create button. The Modify button changes
the displayed user settings. To delete an user or group press the Delete button.
Note: The ARMC/3P is equipped with an host-independent processor and
memory unit which both have a limitation in terms of the processing
instructions and memory space. To guarantee an acceptable response time
we recommend not to exceed the number of 25 users connected to the
ARMC/3P at the same time. The memory space that is available onto the
ARMC/3P mainly depends on the configuration and the usage of the
ARMC/3P (log file entries etc.). That’s why we recommend not to store more
than 150 group profiles.
Permissions
Figure 72 User/Group Permission Settings
Here you can define the permissions for the different groups. All users of one group will
have the same rights. When you want to change the permissions for one special user
you have to define a new group for him.
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KVM Settings
User Console
The following settings are user specific. That means the admin can customize
these settings for every user separately. Changing the settings for one user does
not affect the settings for the other users.
Figure 73 User Console Settings (Part 1)
Remote Console Settings for User
This selection box displays the user ID for which the values are shown and for
which the changes will take effect. Select the desired user from the selection box
and press the Update button. This will result in displaying the according user
settings below.
Note: You are allowed to change the settings of other users only if you have
the necessary access rights for this task. For a regular user without the
correct permissions it is not possible to change the settings for any other
users.
Transmission Encoding
The Transmission Encoding setting allows changing the image-encoding algorithm
that is used to transmit the video data to the Remote Console window. It is possible
to optimize the speed of the remote screen depending on the number of users
working at the same time and the bandwidth of the connection line (Modem, ISDN,
DSL, LAN, etc.).
Automatic detection
The encoding and the compression level is determined automatically from the
available bandwidth and the current content of the video image.
Pre-configured
The pre-configured settings deliver the best result because of optimized
adjustment of compression and color depth for the indicated network speed.
Manually
Allows to adjust both compression rate and the color depth individually.
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Depending on the selected compression rate the data stream between the
ARMC/3P and the Remote Console will be compressed in order to save
bandwidth. Since high compression rates are very time consuming, they
should not be used while several users are accessing the ARMC/3P
simultaneously.
The standard color depth is 16 Bit (65536 colors). The other color depths are
intended for slower network connections in order to allow a faster
transmission of data. Therefore compression level 0 (no compression) uses
only 16 Bit color depth. At lower bandwidths only 4 Bit (16 colors) and 2 Bit (4
gray scales) are recommended for typical desktop interfaces. Photo-like
pictures have best results with 4 Bit (16 gray scales). 1 Bit color depth
(black/white) should only be used for extremely slow network connections.
Remote Console Type
Figure 74 User Console Settings (Part 2)
Specifies which Remote Console Viewer to use.
Default Java Virtual Machine (JVM)
Uses the default JVM of your web browser. This may be the Microsoft JVM
for the Internet Explorer or the Sun JVM if it is configured this way. Use of the
Sun JVM may also be forced (see below).
Sun Microsystems Java Browser Plugin
Instructs the web browser of your administration system to use the JVM of
Sun Microsystems. The JVM in the browser is used to run the code for the
Remote Console window which is actually a Java Applet. If you check this
box for the first time on your administration system and the appropriate Java
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plug-in is not yet installed on your system, it may be downloaded and
installed automatically. However, in order to make the installation possible,
you still have to answer the according dialogs with “yes”. The download
volume is around 11 Mbytes. The advantage of downloading Sun’s JVM is
the usage of a stable and identical JVM across different platforms. The
Remote Console software is optimized for this JVM version and offers a wider
range of functionality when run in SUN’s JVM.
Important: If you are connected over a slow connection to the
Internet you can also pre-install the JVM on your administration
machine.
Miscellaneous Remote Console Settings
Start in Monitor Mode
Sets the initial value for the monitor mode. By default the monitor mode is
disabled. In case you switch it on, the Remote Console window will be started
in a read only mode.
Start in Exclusive Access Mode
Enables the exclusive access mode immediately at Remote Console startup.
This forces the Remote Consoles of all other users to close. Nobody else can
open the Remote Console at the same time again until you disable this
feature or log off.
Mouse Hotkey
Allows to specify a hotkey combination which starts either the mouse
synchronization process if pressed in the Remote Console or is used to leave the
single mouse mode.
Remote Console Button Keys
Button Keys allow simulating keystrokes on the remote system that cannot be
generated locally. The reason for this might be a missing key or just the fact that
the local operating system of the Remote Console is unconditionally catching this
keystroke already. Typical examples are “Control+Alt+Delete” on Windows and
DOS, that is always caught, or the key sequence “Control+Backspace” on Linux
that can be used for terminating the X-Server.
In order to define a new Button Key or to adjust an existing one have a look at the
rules that describe the setting for a key. In general, the syntax for a key is as
follows:
[confirm] <keycode>[+|-|<[*]<keycode>]*
A term in brackets is optional. The star at the end means that you add further keys
as often as required for your case. The term “confirm” adds an confirmation
dialogue that is displayed before the key strokes will be sent to the remote host.
The “keycode” is the key to be sent. Multiple key codes can be concatenated with
either a plus, a minus, or an “<” sign. The plus sign builds key combinations - all
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73
the keys will be pressed until a minus sign or the end of the combination is
encountered. In this case all pressed keys will be released in reversed sequence.
So, the minus sign builds single, separate keypresses and keyreleases. The “<”
sign releases the last key, only. The star inserts a pause with a duration of 100
milliseconds.
As an example, the key combination of Ctrl, Alt and F2 is represented by the
sequence
Ctrl+Alt+F2
For a full list of key codes and aliases please refer to the Appendix C: Key Codes.
Key Definition
Enter your desired key combination as described above.
Name
You may also name your button that will be visible in the Remote Console
Control Bar. If unspecified the sequence of keys will be displayed, instead.
Note
If you need more button keys than shown use the more
entries button. This will open a list of additional entry fields.
Power Control
Figure 75 Power Control
The Power Control panel enables the access to the most important external
buttons of your host system besides from the keyboard. These buttons are the
reset and the power button. To enable power control by ATX/Reset wires, set this
option. Furthermore, the duration the according button is pressed can be adjusted.
Set the duration for
• ATX Reset button press
• ATX Power button short press
• ATX Power button long press
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Then, click Apply to submit your changes.
Keyboard/Mouse
Figure 76 Keyboard and Mouse Settings
Host Interface
Enables a certain interface the mouse is connected to. You can choose between
Auto for automatic detection, USB for a USB mouse and PS/2 for a PS/2 mouse.
Important: To use the USB and/or PS/2 interface you need a correct
cabling between the managed host and the managing device. If the
managed host has no USB keyboard support in the BIOS and you
have connected the USB cable only then you will have no remote
keyboard access during the boot process of the host. If USB and
PS/2 are both connected and you selected “Auto” as host interface,
then the card will select “USB” if available or otherwise falls back
to “PS/2”.
To get USB remote keyboard access during the boot process of the host, the
following conditions must be fulfilled:
•
•
the host BIOS must have USB keyboard support
the USB cable must be connected or must be selected in the Host interface
option
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PS/2 Keyboard Model
Enables a certain keyboard layout. You can choose between “Generic 101-Key
PC” for a standard keyboard layout, “Generic 104-Key PC” for a standard keyboard
layout extended by three additional Windows keys, “Generic 106-Key PC” for a
Japanese keyboard, and “Apple Macintosh” for the Apple Macintosh.
If a keyboard timout is required the according option can be enabled. Additionally,
set the desired time value in the input field below.
USB Mouse Type
Enables the USB mouse type. Choose an appropriate option from the selection
box. For a detailed description about the mouse type and recommended options
for the different operating systems see the Section: Recommended Mouse Settings
in Chapter 3.
Mouse Speed
Auto mouse speed
Use this option if the mouse settings on the host use an additional
acceleration setting. The ARMC/3P tries to detect the acceleration and speed
of the mouse during the mouse sync process.
Fixed mouse speed
Use a direct translation of mouse movements between the local and the
remote pointer.
You may also set a fixed scaling which determines the amount the remote
mouse pointer is moved when the local mouse pointer is moved by one pixel.
This option only works when the mouse settings on the host are linear. This
means that there is no mouse acceleration involved.
To set the options click Apply.
Video
Host Monitor Settings
Using this option (see Figure 77) it is possible to add video modes to the ARMC/3P
which are not recognized using the factory settings. This may be useful when using
special modelines in a X-Window configuration on the host or with uncommon
hosts or operating systems. From the selection box you may choose the desired
screen resolution for the local monitor.
Important: This option is for advanced users only. It is possible to
influence the correct video transmission by using this option. We
recommend to use with care.
The maximum number of the custom video resolution is 4. Using the option Custom
Modes Handling custom modes may be either disabled (Off), additionally used to
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the standard video resolution or used in an exclusive way (Only). With the
last option it is also possible to force a special video mode for the ARMC/3P. To
change the parameters for a certain video mode choose the according number from
the selection box and press the Update button. It is necessary to provide some
additional information so that the video mode may be correctly recognized:
X Resolution
Visible number of horizontal pixels.
Y Resolution
Visible number of vertical pixels.
Horizontal Frequency (Hz)
The horizontal (line) frequency in Hz.
Vertical Frequency (Hz)
The vertical (refresh) frequency in Hz.
Total horizontal pixels
The total amount of pixels per line, including the non-visible and blanking
area.
Polarity
The polarity (positive/negative) of the synchronization signals. V means
vertical, H means horizontal polarity.
Description
Here you can provide a mode name which is displayed in the Remote
Console if this custom mode is activated.
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Figure 77 Video Settings
To set the options (see below) click on the Apply button.
Miscellaneous Video Settings
Noise filter
This option defines how the ARMC/3P reacts to small changes in the video
input signal. A large filter setting needs less network traffic and leads to a
faster video display, but small changes in some display regions may not be
recognized immediately. A small filter displays all changes instantly but may
lead to a con- stant amount of network traffic even if the display content is not
really changing (depending on the quality of the video input signal). All in all
the default setting should be suitable for most situations.
Force Composite Sync (Required for Sun Computers)
To support signal transmission from a Sun machine enable this option. If not
enabled the picture of the remote console will not be visible.
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Device Settings
Network
The Network Settings panel as shown in Figure 78 allows changing network
related parameters. Each parameter will be explained below. Once applied the new
network settings will immediately come into effect.
Figure 78 Network Settings
Important: The initial IP configuration is usually done directly at
the host system using the special procedure described in Table 4
Initial Network Configuration.
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79
Important: Changing the network settings of the ARMC/3P might
result in losing connection to it. In case you change the settings
remotely make sure that all the values are correct and you still
have an option to access the ARMC/3P.
Basic Network Settings
IP auto configuration
With this option you can define if the ARMC/3P should fetch its network
settings from a DHCP or BOOTP server. For DHCP select “dhcp” and for
BOOTP select “bootp” accordingly. If you choose “none” then IP auto
configuration is disabled.
Preferred host name
Preferred host name to request from DHCP server. Whether the DHCP
server takes the ARMC/3P’s suggestion into account or not depends on the
server configuration.
IP address
IP address in the usual dot notation.
Subnet Mask
The net mask of the local network.
Gateway IP address
In case the ARMC/3P should be accessible from networks other than the
local one, this IP address must be set to the local network router ’s IP
address.
Primary DNS Server IP Address
IP address of the primary Domain Name Server in dot notation. This option
may be left empty, however the ARMC/3P will not be able to perform name
resolution.
Secondary DNS Server IP Address
IP address of the secondary Domain Name Server in dot notation. It will be
used in case the Primary DNS Server cannot be contacted.
Miscellaneous Network Settings
Remote Console And HTTPS port
Port number at which the ARMC/3P’s Remote Console server and HTTPS
server are listening. If left empty the default value will be used.
HTTP port
Port number at which the ARMC/3P’s HTTP server is listening. If left empty
the default value will be used.
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Telnet port
Port number at which the ARMC/3P’s Telnet server is listening. If left empty
the default value will be used.
SSH port
Port number at which the ARMC/3P’s Secure Shell (SSH) server is listening.
If left empty the default value will be used.
Bandwidth Limit
The maximum network traffic generated through the ARMC/3P Ethernet
device. Value in Kbit/s.
Enable Telnet access
Set this option to allow accessing the ARMC/3P using the Telnet gateway
(see the Chapter 5: Telnet Console).
Enable SSH access
Set this option to allow accessing the ARMC/3P using the Secure Shell (SSH)
protocol. This SSH console offers the same features as Telnet (see the
Chapter 5: Telnet Console), but uses a secure, encrypted connection
instead.
Disable Setup Protocol
Enable this option to exclude the ARMC/3P from the setup protocol.
LAN Interface Settings
This entry field displays the current settings for the Ethernet/LAN interface of the
ARMC/3P. You may choose between auto negotiation and a fixed setting for the
Ethernet transceiver settings “interface speed” and “duplex mode” in case auto
negotiation does not work correctly.
LAN interface speed
Depending on your network connection you may select an according speed
value for this interface. To adjust the interface automatically choose
“autodetect” (default value). If this selection results in misbehavior of the
interface, choose one of other speed options to work with. The interface will
transmit and receive data with that fixed speed.
LAN interface duplex mode
If necessary you may also select a specific duplex mode. The default value is
set to “autodetect” which leads to an automatic setting of the duplex mode
depend- ing on your network (recommended). As an alternative you may
explicitly set the interface to either “half duplex” or “full duplex” mode.
These settings may also be configured via serial console. See Chapter 3: Initial
Configuration via Serial Console for details.
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Dynamic DNS
Figure 79 Dynamic DNS
A freely available Dynamic DNS service (dyndns.org) can be used in the following
scenario (see Figure 80 Dynamic DNS Scenario):
Figure 80 Dynamic DNS Scenario
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The ARMC/3P is reachable via the IP address of the DSL router which is dynamically assigned by the provider. Since the administrator does not know the IP
address assigned by the provider, the ARMC/3P connects to a special dynamic
DNS server in regular intervals and registers its IP address there. The
administrator may contact this server as well and pick up the same IP address
belonging to the card.
The administrator has to register an ARMC/3P that is supposed to take part in the
service with the Dynamic DNS Server and assign a certain hostname to it. He will
get a nickname and a password in return from the registration process. This
account information together with the hostname is needed in order to determine the
IP address of the registered ARMC/3P.
You have to perform the following steps in order to enable Dynamic DNS:
•
•
•
Make sure that the LAN interface of the ARMC/3P is properly configured.
Enter the Dynamic DNS Settings configuration dialog as shown in Figure 79.
Enable Dynamic DNS and change the settings according to your needs
(see below).
Enable Dynamic DNS
This enables the Dynamic DNS service. This requires a configured DNS
server IP address.
Dynamic DNS server
This is the server name where ARMC/3P registers itself in regular intervals.
Currently this is a fixed setting since only dyndns.org is supported for now.
Hostname
This is the hostname of the ARMC/3P that is provided by the Dynamic DNS
Server (use the whole name including the domain, e.g. testserver.dyndns.org,
not just the actual hostname).
Username
You have registered this username during your manual registration with the
Dynamic DNS Server. Spaces are not allowed in the Nickname.
Password
You have used this password during your manual registration with the
Dynamic DNS Server.
Check time
The ARMC/3P card registers itself in the Dynamic DNS server at this time.
Check interval
This is the interval for reporting again to the Dynamic DNS server by the
ARMC/3P.
Important: The ARMC/3P has its own independent real time clock.
Make sure the time setting of the ARMC/3P is correct (see Chapter
5: Date/Time).
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Security
Figure 81 Security Settings
Encryption Settings
Force HTTPS
If this option is enabled, access to the web front-end is only possible using a
HTTPS connection. The ARMC/3P will not listen on the HTTP port for
incoming connections.
In case you want to create your own SSL certificate that is used to identify the
ARMC/3P, refer to Chapter 5: Certificate.
KVM encryption
This option controls the encryption of the RFB protocol. RFB is used by the
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Remote Console to transmit both the screen data to the administrator
machine and keyboard and mouse data back to the host.
If set to Off no encryption will be used. If set to Try the applet tries to make
an encrypted connection. If the connection cannot be established an
unencrypted connection will be used instead. If set to Force the applet tries
to make an encrypted connection. An error will be reported in case the
connection establishment fails.
IP Access Control
This section explains the settings related to IP access control. It is used to limit the
access to a distinguished number of clients only. These clients will be identified by
their IP address from which they are trying to build up a connection.
Important: The IP access control settings apply to the LAN
interface only!
Enable IP Access Control
Enables access control based on IP source addresses.
Default policy
This option controls what to do with arriving IP packets that do not match
any of the configured rules. They can be accepted or dropped.
Important: If you set this to “DROP” and you have no “ACCEPT”
rules configured, the access to the web front end over LAN is
actually impossible! To enable access again you can change the
security settings via modem or by temporarily disabling IP
access control with the initial configuration procedure (see
Table 4).
Rule Number
This should contain the number of a rule for which the following commands will
apply. In case of appending a new rule, this field will be ignored.
IP/Mask
Specifies the IP address or IP address range for which the rule applies.
Examples (the number concatenated to an IP address with a “/” is the
number of valid bits that will be used of the given IP address):
192.168.1.22/32 Matches the IP Address 192.168.1.22
192.168.1.0/24
Matches all IP packets with sources
addresses from 192.168.1.0 to
192.168.1.255
0.0.0.0/0
Matches any IP packet
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85
Policy
The policy determines what to do with matching packets. They can be
either accepted or dropped.
Important: The order of the rules is important. The rules are
checked in ascending order until a rule matches. All the rules
below the matching one will be ignored. The default policy applies
if no match has been found.
Appending a rule
Enter the IP/Mask and set the policy. Finally, press the Append button.
Inserting a rule
Enter the rule number, the IP/Mask and set the policy. Finally, press the
Insert button.
Replacing a rule
Enter the rule number, the IP/Mask and set the policy. Finally, press the
Replace button.
Deleting a rule
Enter the rule number and press the Delete button.
Anti Brute Force Setting
The Anti Brute Force user blocking mechanism allows to disable the login of a
certain user if his password was entered incorrectly for a specific number of times.
The duration of the blocking is also configurable.
Maximum number of failed logins
Enter the maximum number of failed login attempts after which it should
not be possible for this user to login anymore. Leave this field empty to
disable the user blocking feature.
Block time
The number of minutes the user is blocked after he exceeded his maximum
number of failed login attempts. Leave this field empty to block him for an
infinite amount of time until he is manually unblocked again.
Unblocking Users
There are two possibilties to unblock a blocked user.
• A parent user may go to the user management settings (see User
Management) and press the Unblock button for the user.
• It is also possible to use the serial console for the initial configuration (see
Table 4) and login as the user “unblock”. The ARMC/3P will ask for the
superuser password ans present a list of blocked users which may be
unblocked.
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Login Limitations
Single Loging Limitation
If this option is enabled, the user can access the ARMC/3P only from one IP
adress with one connection. It is not possible to access the ARMC/3P from
different IP addresses or web browsers with the same login at the same time.
You have to be logged out or the session has to be timed out to get a new
connection on a different IP address on the ARMC/3P with this login.
Password Aging
If this option is enabled after a defined interval a reminder will request a new
password for the user. The set interval displays how many days the password
is active.
Certificate
The ARMC/3P uses the Secure Socket Layer (SSL) protocol for any encrypted network traffic between itself and a connected client. During the connection establishment the ARMC/3P has to expose its identity to a client using a cryptographic
certificate. Upon delivery this certificate and the underlying secret key is the same
for all ARMC/3P ever produced and certainly will not match the network configuration that will be applied to the ARMC/3P cards by its user. The certificate’s
underlying secret key is also used for securing the SSL handshake. Hence, this is
a security risk (but far better than no encryption at all).
However, it is possible to generate and install a new base64 x.509 certificate that is
unique for a particular ARMC/3P card. In order to do that, the ARMC/3P is able to
generate a new cryptographic key and the associated Certificate Signing Request
(CSR) that needs to be certified by a certification authority (CA). A certification authority verifies that you are the person who you claim you are and signs and issues
a SSL certificate to you.
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87
Figure 82 Certificate Settings
To create and install a SSL certificate for the ARMC/3P the following steps are
necessary:
•
•
•
Create a SSL Certificate Signing Request using the panel shown in Figure
82. You need to fill out a number of fields that are explained below. Once
this is done, click on the Create button which will initiate the Certificate
Signing Request generation. The CSR can be downloaded to your
administration machine with the Download button (see Figure 83).
Send the saved CSR to a CA for certification. You will get the new
certificate from the CA after a more or less complicated traditional
authentication process (depending on the CA).
Upload the certificate to the ARMC/3P using the Upload button as shown in
Figure 83.
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Figure 83 SSL Certificate Upload
After completing these three steps the ARMC/3P has its own certificate that is used
for identifying the card to its clients.
Important: If you destroy the CSR on the ARMC/3P there is no way
to get it back! In case you deleted it by mistake, you have to
repeat the three steps as described above.
Common name
This is the network name of the ARMC/3P once it is installed in the user’s
network (usually the fully qualified domain name). It is identical to the name
that is used to access the ARMC/3P with a web browser but without the prefix
“http://”. In case the name given here and the actual network name differ, the
browser will pop up a security warning when the ARMC/3P is accessed using
HTTPS.
Organizational unit
This field is used for specifying to which department within an organization
the ARMC/3P belongs.
Organization
The name of the organization to which the ARMC/3P belongs.
Locality/City
The city where the organization is located.
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89
State/Province
The state or province where the organization is located.
Country (ISO code)
The country where the organization is located. This is the two-letter ISO code,
e.g. DE for Germany, or US for the U.S.
Challenge Password
Some certification authorities require a challenge password to authorize later
changes on the certificate (e.g. revocation of the certificate). The minimum
length of this password is four characters.
Confirm Challenge Password
Confirmation of the Challenge Password.
Email
The email address of a contact person that is responsible for the ARMC/3P
and its security.
Key length
This is the length of the generated key in bits. 1024 Bits are supposed to be
sufficient for most cases. Longer keys may result in slower response time of
the ARMC/3P during connection establishment.
Serial Port
The ARMC/3P Serial Settings (Figure 84) for Serial Port 1 allow you to specify
what device is connected to the serial port and how to use it. With an additional
bracket you can use the Serial Port 2 via Telnet/SSH.
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Figure 84 Serial Settings
Configuration or console login
Do not use the serial port for any special function, use it only for the initial
configuration (see Table 4 Initial Network Configuration).
Modem
The ARMC/3P offers remote access using a telephone line in addition to the
standard access over the built-in Ethernet adapter. The modem needs to be
connected to the serial interface of the ARMC/3P.
Logically, connecting to the ARMC/3P using a telephone line means nothing
else than building up a dedicated point-to-point connection from your console
computer to the ARMC/3P. In other words, the ARMC/3P acts as an Internet
Service Provider (ISP) to which you can dial in. The connection is established
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91
using the Point-to-Point Protocol (PPP). Before you connect to the ARMC/3P
make sure to configure your console computer accordingly. For instance, on
Windows based operating systems you can configure a dial-up network
connection which defaults to the right settings like PPP.
The Modem Settings panel allows you to configure the remote access to the
ARMC/3P using a modem. The meaning of each parameter will be described
below. The modem settings are part of the serial settings panel.
Serial line speed
The speed with which the ARMC/3P is communicating with the modem.
Most of all modems available today will support the default value of
115,200 bps. In case you are using an old modem and discovering
problems try to lower this speed.
Modem Init String
The initialization string used by the ARMC/3P to initialize the modem.
The default value will work with all modern standard modems directly
connected to a telephone line. In case you have a special modem or the
modem is connected to a local telephone switch that requires a special
dial sequence in order to establish a connection to the public telephone
network, you can change this setting by giving a new string. Refer to the
modem’s manual about the AT command syntax.
Modem server IP address
This IP address will be assigned to the ARMC/3P itself during the PPP
handshake. Since it is a point-to-point IP connection virtually every IP
address is possible but you must make sure that it is not interfering with
the IP settings of the ARMC/3P and your console computer. The default
value will work in most cases.
Modem client IP address
This IP address will be assigned to your console computer during the
PPP handshake. Since it is a point-to-point IP connection virtually every
IP address is possible but you must make sure that it is not interfering
with the IP settings of the ARMC/3P and your console computer. The
default value will work in most cases.
Passthrough access to serial port via Telnet/SSH
Using this option it is possible to connect an arbitrary device to the serial port
and access it (assuming it provides terminal support) via Telnet or SSH.
Select the appropriate options for the serial port and use the Telnet Console
or a standard Telnet/SSH client to connect to the ARMC/3P. For more
information about the Telnet interface you may have a look at the Chapter 5:
Remote Console, Telnet Console.
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Intelligent Platform Management Interface (IPMI)
Generals
By using the ARMC/3P IPMI facilities you have an additional way to power on or off
the system or to perform a hard reset. Furthermore, it provides the possibility to
show an event log of the host system and the status of some system sensors (i.e.
temperature). If your host system supports IPMI, you can access it by one of the
following ways:
•
•
IPMI over IPMB
IPMI over LAN (IPMI V1.5 is required)
Figure 85 IPMI Settings
IPMI Settings
Figure 85 shows the ARMC/3P IPMI settings panel. Its options will be explained
below.
IPMI disabled
Disables IPMI on the ARMC/3P. This means that Status (for example sensor
and temperature information) via IPMI and Event Log via IPMI are not
available.
IPMI over IPMB
This connection type uses an IPMB cable connected from the 1x5pin IPMB
connector on the ARMC/3P card to the 3/4pin IPMB/I2C connector on the
motherboard. IPMI over IPMB does not need any passwords. This access
mode allows only power on/off and reset function. Status and Event Log via
IPMI are disabled.
IPMI over LAN
You can connect the IPMI over a LAN connection, too. The prerequisite for
CHAPTER 5: MENU OPTIONS
93
this access type is a host system with IPMI V1.5 and a network adapter with
a sideband connection to the BMC (mostly on board). In the IPMI Settings
you have to enter the IP address of this host system, the user name of a valid
IPMI account and password for this account. You can also access other IPMI
systems if you enter their IP address.
Date/Time
This link refers to a page where the internal realtime clock of the ARMC/3P can be
set up (see Figure 86). You have the possibility to adjust the clock manually or to
use a NTP time server. Without a time server your time setting will not be
persistent, so you have to adjust it again after the ARMC/3P loses power for more
than a few minutes. To avoid this you can use a NTP time server which sets up the
internal clock automatically to the current UTC time. Because NTP server time is
always UTC, there is a setting that allows you to set up a static offset to get your
local time.
Important: There is currently no way to adjust the daylight saving
time automatically. So you have to set up the UTC offset twice a
year properly to the local rules of your country.
Figure 86 Date and Time
Authentication
With the ARMC/3P you have the possibility to use either a local authentication or
keep the information in a central LDAP directory or in a RADIUS server. For LDAP
or RADIUS you have to specify some information in the Authentication settings
panel. For more information regarding the LDAP and RADIUS settings see below.
LDAP
User LDAP Server
Here you enter the name or IP address of the LDAP server containing all the
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user entries. If you choose a name instead of an IP address you need to
configure a DNS server in the network settings.
Base DN of User LDAP Server
Here you specify the distinguished name (DN) where the directory tree starts
in the user LDAP server.
Type of external LDAP Server
With this option you set the type of the external LDAP server. This is
necessary since some server types require special handling. Additionally, the
default values for the LDAP scheme are set appropriately. You can choose
between a Generic LDAP Server, a Novell Directory Service and a Microsoft
Active Directory. If you have neither a Novell Directory Service nor a
Microsoft Active Directory then choose a Generic LDAP Server and edit the
LDAP scheme used (see below).
Name of login-name attribute
This is the name of the attribute containing the unique login name of a user.
To use the default leave this field empty. The default depends on the selected
LDAP server type.
Name of user-entry object class
This is the object class that identifies a user in the LDAP directory. To use the
default leave this field empty. The default depends on the selected LDAP
server type.
User search subfilter
Here you can refine the search for users that should be known to the
ARMC/3P.
Active Directory Domain
This option represents the active directory domain that is configured in the
Microsoft Active Directory server. This option is only valid if you have chosen
a Microsoft Active Directory as the LDAP server type.
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95
Figure 87 Authentication Settings
Remote Authentication Dial In User Service (RADIUS)
RADIUS is a protocol specified by the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)
working group. There are two specifications that make up the RADIUS protocol
suite: Authentication and Accounting. These specifications aim to centralize
authentication, configuration, and accounting for dial-in services to an independent
server.
The RADIUS protocol exists in several implementations such as freeRADIUS,
openRADIUS or RADIUS on UNIX systems. The RADIUS protocol itself is well
specified and tested. We can give a recommendation for all products listed above,
especially for the freeRADIUS implementation.
Note: Currently, we do not support challenge/response. An Access Challenge
response is seen and evaluated as an Access Reject.
To access a remote device using the RADIUS protocol you have to login, first. You
are asked to specify your user name and password, then. The RADIUS server
reads your input data (Authentication) and the ARMC/3P looks for your profile
(Authorization). The profile defines (or limits) your actions and may differ
depending onto your specific situation. If there is no such profile your access via
RADIUS will be refused.
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In terms of the remote activity mechanism the login via RADIUS works similar to
the Remote Console. If there is no activity for half an hour your connection to the
ARMC/3P will be interrupted and closed.
Server
Enter either the IP address or the hostname of the RADIUS Server to be connected. For the hostname DNS has to be configured and enabled.
Shared Secret
A shared secret is a text string that serves as a password between the
RADIUS client and RADIUS server. In this case the ARMC/3P serves as a
RADIUS client. A shared secret is used to verify that RADIUS messages are
sent by a RADIUS-enabled device that is configured with the same shared
secret and to verify that the RADIUS message has not been modified in
transit (message integrity). For the shared secret you can use any standard
alphanumeric and special characters. A shared secret may consist of up to
128 characters in length and may contain both lowercase and uppercase
letters (A-Z,a-z), numerals (0-9) and other symbols (all characters not defined
as letters or numerals) such as an exclamation point (“!”) or an asterisk (“*”).
Authentication Port
The port the RADIUS server listens for authentication requests. The default
value is #1812.
Accounting Port
The port the RADIUS server listens for accounting requests. The default
value is #1813.
Timeout
Sets the request time-to-live in seconds. The time-to-live is the time to wait
for the completion of the request. If the request job is not completed within
this interval of time it is cancelled. The default value is 1 second.
Retries
Sets the number of retries if a request could not be completed. The default
value is 3 times.
Event Log
Important events like a login failure or a firmware update are logged to a selection
of logging destinations (see Figure 88). Each of those events belong to an event
group which can be activated separately.
The common way to log events is to use the internal log list of the ARMC/3P. To
show the log list click on the item Event Log from the section Maintenance. In the
Event Log Settings you can choose how many log entries are shown on each page.
Furthermore, you can clear the log file here.
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97
Figure 88 Event Log Settings
Event Log Targets
List logging enabled
To log events you may use the internal log list of the ARMC/3P. To show the
log list click on Event Log on the Maintenance page. Since the ARMC/3P’s
system memory is used to save all the information, the maximum number of
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possible log list entries is restricted to 1.000 events. Every entry that exceeds
this limit overrides the oldest one automatically.
Important: If the reset button on the HTML frontend is used to
restart the ARMC/3P, all logging information is saved
permanently and is available after the ARMC/3P has been started.
If the ARMC/3P loses power or a hard reset is performed, all
logging data will be lost. To avoid this use one of the log
methods described below.
NFS Logging enabled
Define a NFS server where a directory or a static link has to be exported to,
in order to write all logging data to a file that is located there. To write logging
data from more than one ARMC/3P devices to only one NFS share, you have
to define a file name that is unique for each device. When you change the
NFS settings and press the Apply button, the NFS share will be mounted
immediately. That means the NFS share and the NFS server must be filled
with valid sources or you will get an error message.
Important: In contrast to the internal log file on the ARMC/3P, the
size of the NFS log file is not limited. Every log event will be
appended to the end of the file so it grows continuously and you
may have to delete it or move it away from time to time.
SMTP Logging enabled
With this option the ARMC/3P is able to send Emails to an address given by
the Email address text field in the Event Log Settings. These mails contain
the same description strings as the internal log file and the mail subject is
filled with the event group of the occurred log event. In order to use this log
destination you have to specify a SMTP server that has to be reachable from
the ARMC/3P device and that needs no authentication at all
(<serverip>:<port>).
SNMP Logging enabled
If this is activated, the ARMC/3P sends a SNMP trap to a specified
destination IP address, every time a log event occurs. If the receiver requires
a community string, you can set it in the appropriate text field. Most of the
event traps only contain one descriptive string with all information about the
log event. Only authentication and host power events have a own trap class
that consists of several fields with detailed information about the occurred
event. To receive these SNMP traps any SNMP trap listener may be used.
Event Log Assignments
You may choose which actions of the ARMC/3P will be saved in the log file. Tick
the desired box(es) and click Apply to confirm your selection.
SNMP Settings
The following information is available via SNMP:
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99
•
•
•
•
Serial number
Firmware version
MAC address / IP address / Netmask / Gateway of LAN interface
Server’s power state
The following actions can be initiated via SNMP:
• Reset server
• Power on/off server
• Reset the ARMC/3P
The following events are reported by the ARMC/3P via SNMP:
• Login trial at the ARMC/3P failed.
• Login trial at the ARMC/3P succeeded.
• Denying access to a particular action.
• Server was reset.
• Server was powered on/off.
Figure 89 SNMP Settings
The SNMP settings panel as shown in Figure 89 is described below. It allows you
to change SNMP related parameters.
Enable SNMP Agent
If this option is checked, the ARMC/3P will answer to SNMP requests.
Important: If a community is left blank, you cannot perform the
according request. E.g. if you want to disable the possibility to
reset the ARMC/3P via SNMP then do not set a write community.
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Read Community
This is the SNMP community, which allows you to retrieve information via
SNMP.
Write Community
This community allows you to set options and to reset the ARMC/3P or the
host via SNMP, i.e. all that affects the host or the ARMC/3P.
System Location
Enter a description of the physical location of the host. The description will be
used in reply to the SNMP request “ sysLocation.0 ”.
System Contact
Enter a contact person for the host. The value will be used in reply to the
SNMP request “ sysContact.0 ”.
The ARMC/3P SNMP MIB
This link allows you to download the ARMC/3P SNMP MIB file. This file may
be necessary for an SNMP client to communicate with the ARMC/3P.
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101
Maintenance
Device Information
Figure 90 Device Information
This section contains a summary with various information about this ARMC/3P and
its current firmware and allows you to reset the card. You may have a look at
Figure 90 for an example.
The Data file for support allows you to download the ARMC/3P data file with
specific support information. This is an XML file with certain customized support
information like the serial number etc. You may send us this information together
with a support request. It will help us to locate and solve your reported problem.
Connected
User(s)
Host
(IP address)
Figure 91 Connected Users
User
Activity
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Figure 91 displays the ARMC/3P activity. From left to right the connected user(s),
its IP address (from which host the user comes from) and its activity status is displayed. “RC” indicates that the Remote Console is open. If the Remote Console is
opened in “exclusive mode” the term “(exclusive)” is added. For more information
about this option see Chapter 4: Remote Console Control Bar. To display the user
activity the last column is used. It contains either the term “active” for an active
user or the according idle time for an inactive user.
Figure 92 Voltages Overview
Figure 92 shows an overview of the different occuring Voltages of the ARMC/3P
and the host system.
EXT_PWR_SUP (0V||+5V)
Shows only a voltage when the optional external power supply will be used.
Plane Voltage (+3.3V)
Shows the current voltage of the KIM G4.
PCI Voltages
Display the voltages for the PCI cards which are connected with the PCI Bus.
A missing voltage could be a hint for a defective power supply.
Language
The ARMC/3P offers the choice between different languages for displaying the
data in the front-end, like that shown in Figure 93.
Figure 93 Language Settings
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103
Event Log
Figure 94 Event Log List
Figure 94 displays the Event Log list. It includes the events that are kept by the
ARMC/3P extended by the event date, a short event description and an IP address
the request was sent from. You may use the text buttons Prev and Next to browse
within the data. The Prev button displays the previous page with newer log
information whereas the Next button switches to the following page with older log
information.
Update Firmware
Figure 95 Update Firmware Dialog
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The ARMC/3P is a complete standalone computer. The software it runs is called
the firmware. The firmware of the ARMC/3P can be updated remotely in order to
install new functionality or special features.
A new firmware update is a binary file which will be sent to you by email. If the
firmware file is a compressed file with suffix .zip you have to unzip it before you
can proceed. In order to extract the archive you may use WinZip from
http://www.winzip.com/ (for Windows OS) or a tool named unzip that might
be already provided in your OS (UNIX, Linux, OS X).
Before you can start updating the firmware of your ARMC/3P the new and
uncompressed firmware file has to be accessible on the system that you use for
connecting to the ARMC/3P.
Updating the firmware is a three-stage process:
• First, the new firmware file is uploaded onto the ARMC/3P. In order to do that
you need to select the file on your local system using the Browse button of
the Upload Firmware panel (see Figure 95). Then, click Upload to transfer
the previously selected file from your local file system onto the ARMC/3P.
Once the firmware file has been uploaded, it is checked whether it is a valid
firmware file and whether there were any transmission errors. In case of any
error the Upload Firmware function will be aborted and the current firmware is
kept as is.
• Second, if everything went well, you see the Update Firmware panel. The
panel shows you the version number of the currently running firmware and
the version number of the uploaded firmware. Pressing the Update button will
store the new version and substitute the old one completely.
Important: This process is not reversible and might take some
minutes. Make sure the ARMC/3P’s power supply will not be
interrupted during the update process, because this may cause an
unusable device.
•
Third, after the firmware has been stored, the ARMC/3P will reset automatically. After about one minute you will be redirected to the Login page and
requested to login once again.
Important: The three-stage firmware update process and complete
consistency check are making a mistake in updating the firmware
almost impossible. However, only experienced staff members or
administrators should perform a firmware update. Make sure the
ARMC/3P’s power supply will not be interrupted!
Unit Reset
This section allows you to reset specific parts of the device. This involves the both
keyboard and mouse, the video engine and the ARMC/3P itself. Resetting the card
itself is mainly needed to activate a newly updated firmware. It will close all current
connections to the administration console and to the Remote Console. The whole
CHAPTER 5: MENU OPTIONS
105
process will take about half a minute. Resetting subdevices (e.g. video engine) will
take some seconds only and does not result in closing connections.
To reset a certain ARMC/3P functionality click on the Reset button as displayed in
Figure 96.
Figure 96 Unit Reset
APPENDIX A: SPECIFICATIONS
105
Appendix A: Specifications
Sizes and Weights
Table 11 ARMC/3P Specifications
Attribute
Value
Height
15mm (0.51‘’)
Width
167.64mm (6.6‘’)
Depth
64.41mmm (2.54’’)
Weight
112g (0.25lb)
Power Consumption
Up to 1A
Environment
Temperature
Table 12 Temperature
Attribute
Value
Operating
0°C to 55°C (32°F to 131°F)
Storage
-18°C to 70°C (-0.4°F to 158°F)
Humidity
Table 13 Humidity
Attribute
Value
Operating
10% to 90% (non-condensing)
Storage
5% to 95% (non-condensing)
APPENDIX B: ARMC/3P VIDEO MODES
107
Appendix B: ARMC/3P Video Modes
Table 14 lists the video modes the ARMC/3P supports. Please do not use any other
custom video settings besides these. If done so, the ARMC/3P may not be able to detect
them.
Table 14 ARMC/3P Video Modes
Resolution (x,y)
Refresh Rates (Hz)
640x340
70, 85
640x400
56, 85
640x480
60, 67, 72, 75, 85, 90, 100, 120
720x400
70, 85
800x600
56, 60, 70, 72, 75, 85, 90, 100
832x624
75
848x480
60, 70
960x600
60, 75
1024x768
60, 70, 72, 75, 85, 90, 100
1152x864
75
1152x870
75
1152x900
66, 76
1280x960
60, 85
1280x1024
60, 75, 85
1600x1200
60, 65, 70, 75
2048x1536
85 (local port only)
APPENDIX C: KEY CODES
109
Appendix C: Key Codes
Table 15 shows the key codes used to define the key strokes or hotkeys for several
functions. Please note that these key codes do not necessarily represent the key
characters that are used on international keyboards. A key on a standard 104 key PC
keyboard with a US English language mapping is named. The layout for this keyboard is
shown in Figure 97. However, most modifier keys and other alphanumeric keys used for
hotkey purposes in application programs are on a similar position, no matter what
language mapping you are using. Some of the keys also have aliases. This means that a
key can be named by two different key codes.
Figure 97 English (US) keyboard Layout, used for the key codes
Table 15 Key Names
Key
Alias Key(s)
0-9
A-Z
~
TILDE
_
MINUS
=
EQUALS
;
´
<
LESS
,
.
/
SLASH
Backspace
TAB
[
]
ENTER
CAPS LOCK
\
BACK SLASH
LSHIFT
SHIFT
RCTRL
CTRL, STRG
RSHIFT
SHIFT
LCTRL
CTRL, STRG
LALT
ALT
SPACE
ALT Gr
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Key
Alias Key(s)
ESCAPE
ESC
F1
F2
F3
F4
F5
F6
F7
F8
F9
F10
F11
F12
PRINTSCREEN
SCROLL LOCK
BREAK
INSERT
HOME
POS 1
PAGE_UP
PAGE_DOWN
DELETE
DEL
END
UP
LEFT
DOWN
RIGHT
NUM_LOCK
NUMPAD0
NUMPAD1
NUMPAD2
NUMPAD3
NUMPAD4
NUMPAD5
NUMPAD6
NUMPAD7
NUMPAD8
NUMPAD9
NUMPADPLUS
NUMPAD_PLUS, +
NUMPAD /
/
NUMPADMUL
NUMPAD_MUL, *
NUMPADMINUS
NUMPAD_MINUS, -
NUMPADENTER
WINDOWS
MENU
APPENDIX D: PIN ASSIGNMENTS
111
Appendix D: Pin Assignment
VGA HD-15
Figure 98 VGA HD-15
Table 16 VGA HD-15
PIN
Assignment
PIN
1
Red
9
2
3
Green
Blue
10
11
GND sync
12
SDA, DDC…
4
Assignment
5
6
GND
GND red
13
14
HSYNC
VSYNC
7
GND green
15
SCL, DDC
8
GND blue
RJ45 Connetcor Ethernet
Figure 99 RJ45
Table 17 RJ45
PIN
Assignment
PIN
Assignment
1
TX +
5
Not connected
2
TX -
6
RX -
3
RX +
7
Not connected
4
Not connected
8
Not connected
IPMB/I2 Connector
Table 18 IPMB/I2C Connector
PIN
Assignment
1
2
3
4
5
IIC SCL (Clock)
Not connected
GND
IIC SDA (Data)
Not connected
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Serial SUB-D9 Connector 1
Figure 100 Serial Connector
Table 19 Serial Connector 1
PIN
Assignment
PIN
Assignment
1
DCD
6
DSR
2
3
4
5
RX
TX
DTR
GND
7
8
9
RTS
CTS
RI
Table 20 Serial Connetcor 2
PIN
Assignment
PIN
Assignment
1
Not connected
6
Not connected
2
3
4
5
RX
TX
Not connected
GND
7
8
9
Not connected
Not connected
Not connected
PS/2 Connector
Table 21 PS/2 Connector
PIN
Assignment
PIN
Assignment
1
2
3
KBD_Data_Host
KBD_CLK_Host
Mouse_Data_Host
7
8
9
GND
GND
KBD_Data_DEV
4
Mouse_CLK_Host
10
KBD_CLK_Dev
5
6
+5V_Mouse_Host
+5V_KBD_Host
11
12
Mouse_Dta_Dev
Mouse_CLK_Dev
USB
Table 22 USB Connector
PIN
Assignment
PIN
Assignment
1
2
USB PWR
USB D-
3
4
USB D+
USB GND
APPENDIX E: TROUBLESHOOTING
113
Appendix E: Troubleshooting
1. The remote mouse does not work or is not synchronous.
First, check the VGA connection. Both the ARMC/3P and the local monitor
have to support the same video resolution.
In some circumstances the mouse synchronization process could behave
incorrectly, refer to the Chapter 3:Mouse, Keyboard and Video
configuration for further explanation.
2. The video quality is bad or the picture is grainy.
Enter the Remote Console and press the Auto Adjust button (see the
Section called Remote Console Control Bar in Chapter 4) to adjust the
ARMC/3P’s video input parameters to the correct values.
3. Login on the ARMC/3P fails.
Verify both your user login and your password. By default, the user “admin”
has the password “password”. Moreover, your web browser has to be
configured to accept cookies.
4. The Remote Console window of the ARMC/3P does not open.
A firewall may prevent the access to the Remote Console. The TCP ports
#80 (for HTTP) and #443 (for both HTTPS and RFB) have to be open (the
server providing the firewall has to accept incoming TCP connections on
these ports).
5. Remote console is unable to connect and displays a timeout error.
Have a look on your hardware. If there is a proxy server between the
ARMC/3P and your host, then you may not be able to transfer the video data
using RFB. Establish a direct connection between the ARMC/3P and the
client.
Furthermore, check the settings of the ARMC/3P and choose a different
server port used for RFB transfer. If you use a firewall then check the
according port for accepting connections. You may restrict these connections
for the IP addresses used by the ARMC/3P and your client.
6. No connection can be established to the ARMC/3P.
Have a look on your hardware. Is the ARMC/3P attached to a power supply?
Verify your network configuration (IP address, router). You may send a “ping”
request to the ARMC/3P to find out whether the ARMC/3P is reachable via
network.
7. Special key combinations, e.g. ALT+F2, ALT+F3 are intercepted by the console
system and not transmitted to the host.
You have to define a so-called “Button Key”. This can be done in the Remote
Console settings (see the Section called Remote Console Control Bar in
Chapter 5). Alternatively you can use the soft keyboard feature (see Chapter
4: Soft Keyboard).
8. The ARMC/3P web pages are not displayed correctly.
Check your browser’s cache settings. Make sure the cache settings are not
set to something like “never check for newer pages”. Otherwise the ARMC/3P
pages may be loaded from your browser cache and not from the card.
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9. Windows XP does not awake from standby mode.
This is possibly a Windows XP problem. Try not to move the mouse pointer
while XP switches into standby mode.
10. For SUN computers a USB keyboard does not work.
The ARMC/3P emulates a USB keyboard. If you attach a USB keyboard to
your host two keyboards are detected. It cannot be predicted which one of
these comes first and you will be able to work with. SUN supports only one
USB keyboard.
11. Cannot upload the signed certificate in MacOS X.
If an “internal error” occurs while uploading the signed certificate either
change the extension of the file to .txt or add a file helper using the Internet
Explorer preferences for this type of file. Make sure that the encoding is set to
“plain text” and the checkbox “use for outgoing” is set. As an alternative, you
may also use a Mozilla based browser (Mozilla, FireFox).
12. Every time I open a dialog box with some buttons the mouse pointers are not
synchronous anymore.
Disable the setting “Automatically move mouse pointer to the default button of
dialog boxes” in the mouse settings of your operating system.
13. The Remote Console does not open with Opera in Linux.
Some versions of Opera do not grant enough permissions if the signature of
the applet cannot be verified. To solve the problem, add the lines grant
codeBase "nn.pp.rc.RemoteConsoleApplet" { permission
java.lang.RuntimePermission "accessClassInPackage.sun.*"; to the java
policy file of opera (e.g. /usr/share/opera/java/opera.policy).
14. I forgot my password. How can I reset the ARMC/3P to factory defaults?
You may use the serial interface or the reset pins. For a detailed description
see Resetting the ARMC/3P to its Factory Settings in Chapter 3.
15. The USB Keyboard does not work at the mainboard BIOS.
Have a look on Chapter 5: Virtual Media Options and check if the USB
Mass Storage is disabled. If it is still not working please check the USB
Settings at the mainboard BIOS. Then check the Keyboard Mouse Settings
under Chapter 5: Keyboard/Mouse. The Host Interface has to be AUTO or
USB.
APPENDIX F: GNU GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE (GPL)
115
Appendix F: GNU General Public License (GPL)
Version 2, June 1991
Copyright (C) 1989, 1991 Free Software Foundation, Inc. 59 Temple Place, Suite 330,
Boston, MA 02111-1307 USA Everyone is permitted to copy and distribute verbatim
copies of this license document, but changing it is not allowed.
Preamble
The licenses for most software are designed to take away your freedom to share and
change it. By contrast, the GNU General Public License is intended to guarantee your
freedom to share and change free software--to make sure the software is free for all its
users. This General Public License applies to most of the Free Software Foundation’s
software and to any other program whose authors commit to using it. (Some other Free
Software Foundation software is covered by the GNU Library General Public License
instead.) You can apply it to your programs, too.
When we speak of free software, we are referring to freedom, not price. Our General
Public Licenses are designed to make sure that you have the freedom to distribute
copies of free software (and charge for this service if you wish), that you receive source
code or can get it if you want it, that you can change the software or use pieces of it in
new free programs; and that you know you can do these things.
To protect your rights, we need to make restrictions that forbid anyone to deny you these
rights or to ask you to surrender the rights. These restrictions translate to certain
responsibilities for you if you distribute copies of the software, or if you modify it. For
example, if you distribute copies of such a program, whether gratis or for a fee, you must
give the recipients all the rights that you have. You must make sure that they, too,
receive or can get the source code. And you must show them these terms so they know
their rights.
We protect your rights with two steps: (1) copyright the software, and (2) offer you this
license which gives you legal permission to copy, distribute and/or modify the software.
Also, for each author’s protection and ours, we want to make certain that everyone
understands that there is no warranty for this free software. If the software is modified by
someone else and passed on, we want its recipients to know that what they have is not
the original, so that any problems introduced by others will not reflect on the original
authors’ reputations.
Finally, any free program is threatened constantly by software patents. We wish to avoid
the danger that redistributors of a free program will individually obtain patent licenses, in
effect making the program proprietary. To prevent this, we have made it clear that any
patent must be licensed for everyone’s free use or not licensed at all. The precise terms
and conditions for copying, distribution and modification follow.
GNU GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE
116
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TERMS AND CONDITIONS FOR COPYING, DISTRIBUTION AND MODIFICATION
0. This License applies to any program or other work which contains a notice placed by
the copyright holder saying it may be distributed under the terms of this General Public
License. The “Program”, below, refers to any such program or work, and a “work based
on the Program” means either the Program or any derivative work under copyright law:
that is to say, a work containing the Program or a portion of it, either verbatim or with
modifications and/or translated into another language. (Hereinafter, translation is
included without limitation in the term “modification”.) Each licensee is addressed as
“you”.
Activities other than copying, distribution and modification are not covered by this
License; they are outside its scope. The act of running the Program is not restricted, and
the output from the Program is covered only if its contents constitute a work based on
the Program (independent of having been made by running the Program). Whether that
is true depends on what the Program does.
1. You may copy and distribute verbatim copies of the Program’s source code as you
receive it, in any medium, provided that you conspicuously and appropriately publish on
each copy an appropriate copyright notice and disclaimer of warranty; keep intact all the
notices that refer to this License and to the absence of any warranty; and give any other
recipients of the Program a copy of this License along with the Program.
You may charge a fee for the physical act of transferring a copy, and you may at your
option offer warranty protection in exchange for a fee.
2. You may modify your copy or copies of the Program or any portion of it, thus forming
a work based on the Program, and copy and distribute such modifications or work under
the terms of Section 1 above, provided that you also meet all of these conditions:
a. You must cause the modified files to carry prominent notices stating that you
changed the files and the date of any change.
b. You must cause any work that you distribute or publish, that in whole or in part
contains or is derived from the Program or any part thereof, to be licensed as a
whole at no charge to all third parties under the terms of this License.
c. If the modified program normally reads commands interactively when run, you
must cause it, when started running for such interactive use in the most ordinary
way, to print or display an announcement including an appropriate copyright notice
and a notice that there is no warranty (or else, saying that you provide a warranty)
and that users may redistribute the program under these conditions, and telling the
user how to view a copy of this License. (Exception: if the Program itself is
interactive but does not normally print such an announcement, your work based on
the Program is not required to print an announcement.)
These requirements apply to the modified work as a whole. If identifiable sections of
that work are not derived from the Program, and can be reasonably considered
independent and separate works in themselves, then this License, and its terms, do
not apply to those sections when you distribute them as separate works. But when
you distribute the same sections as part of a whole which is a work based on the
APPENDIX F: GNU GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE (GPL)
117
Program, the distribution of the whole must be on the terms of this License, whose
permissions for other licensees extend to the entire whole, and thus to each and
every part regardless of who wrote it.
Thus, it is not the intent of this section to claim rights or contest your rights to work
written entirely by you; rather, the intent is to exercise the right to control the
distribution of derivative or collective works based on the Program.
In addition, mere aggregation of another work not based on the Program with the
Program (or with a work based on the Program) on a volume of a storage or
distribution medium does not bring the other work under the scope of this License.
3. You may copy and distribute the Program (or a work based on it, under Section 2) in
object code or executable form under the terms of Sections 1 and 2 above provided that
you also do one of the following:
a. Accompany it with the complete corresponding machine-readable source code,
which must be distributed under the terms of Sections 1 and 2 above on a medium
customarily used for software interchange; or,
b. Accompany it with a written offer, valid for at least three years, to give any third
party, for a charge no more than your cost of physically performing source
distribution, a complete machine-readable copy of the corresponding source code,
to be distributed under the terms of Sections 1 and 2 above on a medium
customarily used for software interchange; or,
c. Accompany it with the information you received as to the offer to distribute
corresponding source code. (This alternative is allowed only for noncommercial
distribution and only if you received the program in object code or executable form
with such an offer, in accord with Subsection b above.)
The source code for a work means the preferred form of the work for making
modifications to it. For an executable work, complete source code means all the source
code for all modules it contains, plus any associated interface definition files, plus the
scripts used to control compilation and installation of the executable. However, as a
special exception, the source code distributed need not include anything that is normally
distributed (in either source or binary form) with the major components (compiler, kernel,
and so on) of the operating system on which the executable runs, unless that component
itself accompanies the executable.
If distribution of executable or object code is made by offering access to copy from a
designated place, then offering equivalent access to copy the source code from the
same place counts as distribution of the source code, even though third parties are not
compelled to copy the source along with the object code.
4. You may not copy, modify, sublicense, or distribute the Program except as expressly
provided under this License. Any attempt otherwise to copy, modify, sublicense or
distribute the Program is void, and will automatically terminate your rights under this
License. However, parties who have received copies, or rights, from you under this
License will not have their licenses terminated so long as such parties remain in full
compliance.
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PRODUCT USER G UIDE
5. You are not required to accept this License, since you have not signed it. However,
nothing else grants you permission to modify or distribute the Program or its derivative
works. These actions are prohibited by law if you do not accept this License. Therefore,
by modifying or distributing the Program (or any work based on the Program), you
indicate your acceptance of this License to do so, and all its terms and conditions for
copying, distributing or modifying the Program or works based on it.
6. Each time you redistribute the Program (or any work based on the Program), the
recipient automatically receives a license from the original licensor to copy, distribute or
modify the Program subject to these terms and conditions. You may not impose any
further restrictions on the recipients’ exercise of the rights granted herein. You are not
responsible for enforcing compliance by third parties to this License.
7. If, as a consequence of a court judgment or allegation of patent infringement or for
any other reason (not limited to patent issues), conditions are imposed on you (whether
by court order, agreement or otherwise) that contradict the conditions of this License,
they do not excuse you from the conditions of this License. If you cannot distribute so as
to satisfy simultaneously your obligations under this License and any other pertinent
obligations, then as a consequence you may not distribute the Program at all. For
example, if a patent license would not permit royalty-free redistribution of the Program by
all those who receive copies directly or indirectly through you, then the only way you
could satisfy both it and this License would be to refrain entirely from distribution of the
Program.
If any portion of this section is held invalid or unenforceable under any particular
circumstance, the balance of the section is intended to apply and the section as a whole
is intended to apply in other circumstances.
It is not the purpose of this section to induce you to infringe any patents or other property
right claims or to contest validity of any such claims; this section has the sole purpose of
protecting the integrity of the free software distribution system, which is implemented by
public license practices. Many people have made generous contributions to the wide
range of software distributed through that system in reliance on consistent application of
that system; it is up to the author/donor to decide if he or she is willing to distribute
software through any other system and a licensee cannot impose that choice.
This section is intended to make thoroughly clear what is believed to be a consequence
of the rest of this License.
8. If the distribution and/or use of the Program is restricted in certain countries either by
patents or by copyrighted interfaces, the original copyright holder who places the
Program under this License may add an explicit geographical distribution limitation
excluding those countries, so that distribution is permitted only in or among countries not
thus excluded. In such case, this License incorporates the limitation as if written in the
body of this License.
9. The Free Software Foundation may publish revised and/or new versions of the
General Public License from time to time. Such new versions will be similar in spirit to
the present version, but may differ in detail to address new problems or concerns.
Each version is given a distinguishing version number. If the Program specifies a version
number of this License which applies to it and “any later version”, you have the option of
following the terms and conditions either of that version or of any later version published
by the Free Software Foundation. If the Program does not specify a version number of
APPENDIX F: GNU GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE (GPL)
119
this License, you may choose any version ever published by the Free Software
Foundation.
10. If you wish to incorporate parts of the Program into other free programs whose
distribution conditions are different, write to the author to ask for permission. For
software which is copyrighted by the Free Software Foundation, write to the Free
Software Foundation; we sometimes make exceptions for this. Our decision will be
guided by the two goals of preserving the free status of all derivatives of our free
software and of promoting the sharing and reuse of software generally.
NO WARRANTY
11. BECAUSE THE PROGRAM IS LICENSED FREE OF CHARGE, THERE IS NO
WARRANTY FOR THE PROGRAM, TO THE EXTENT PERMITTED BY APPLICABLE
LAW. EXCEPT WHEN OTHERWISE STATED IN WRITING THE COPYRIGHT
HOLDERS AND/OR OTHER PARTIES PROVIDE THE PROGRAM “AS IS” WITHOUT
WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING, BUT
NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIEDWARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND
FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. THE ENTIRE RISK AS TO THE QUALITY
AND PERFORMANCE OF THE PROGRAM IS WITH YOU. SHOULD THE PROGRAM
PROVE DEFECTIVE, YOU ASSUME THE COST OF ALL NECESSARY SERVICING,
REPAIR OR CORRECTION.
12. IN NO EVENT UNLESS REQUIRED BY APPLICABLE LAWOR AGREED TO IN
WRITING WILL ANY COPYRIGHT HOLDER, OR ANY OTHER PARTYWHOMAY
MODIFY AND/OR REDISTRIBUTE THE PROGRAM AS PERMITTED ABOVE, BE
LIABLE TO YOU FOR DAMAGES, INCLUDING ANY GENERAL, SPECIAL,
INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES ARISING OUT OF THE USE OR
INABILITY TO USE THE PROGRAM (INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO LOSS OF
DATA OR DATA BEING RENDERED INACCURATE OR LOSSES SUSTAINED BY
YOU OR THIRD PARTIES OR A FAILURE OF THE PROGRAM TO OPERATE WITH
ANY OTHER PROGRAMS), EVEN IF SUCH HOLDER OR OTHER PARTY HAS BEEN
ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES.
END OF TERMS AND CONDITIONS
How to Apply These Terms to Your New Programs
If you develop a new program, and you want it to be of the greatest possible use to the
public, the best way to achieve this is to make it free software which everyone can
redistribute and change under these terms.
To do so, attach the following notices to the program. It is safest to attach them to the
start of each source file to most effectively convey the exclusion of warranty; and each
file should have at least the “copyright” line and a pointer to where the full notice is found.
<one line to give the program’s name and a brief idea of what it does.>
Copyright (C) <year> <name of author>
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PRODUCT USER G UIDE
This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of
the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
version 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY
WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS
FORAPARTICULAR PURPOSE. See theGNUGeneral Public License for more details.
You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with this
program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330,
Boston, MA 02111-1307 USA
Also add information on how to contact you by electronic and paper mail.
If the program is interactive, make it output a short notice like this when it starts in an
interactive mode:
Gnomovision version 69, Copyright (C) year name of author Gnomovision comes with
ABSOLUTELY NO WARRANTY; for details type "show w". This is free software, and
you are welcome to redistribute it under certain conditions; type "show c" for details.
The hypothetical commands “show w” and “show c” should show the appropriate parts of
the General Public License. Of course, the commands you use may be called something
other than “show w” and “show c”; they could even be mouse-clicks or menu items-whatever suits your program.
You should also get your employer (if you work as a programmer) or your school, if any,
to sign a “copyright disclaimer” for the program, if necessary. Here is a sample; alter the
names:
Yoyodyne, Inc., hereby disclaims all copyright interest in the program “Gnomovision”
(which makes passes at compilers) written by James Hacker.
<signature of Ty Coon>, 1 April 1989
Ty Coon, President of Vice
This General Public License does not permit incorporating your program into proprietary
programs. If your program is a subroutine library, you may consider it more useful to
permit linking proprietary applications with the library. If this is what you want to do, use
the GNU Library General Public License instead of this License.
APPENDIX G: THE OPENLDAP PUBLIC LICENSE
121
Appendix G: The OpenLADAP Public License
Version 2.8, 17 August 2003
Redistribution and use of this software and associated documentation (“Software”), with
or without modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are met:
1. Redistributions in source form must retain copyright statements and notices,
2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce applicable copyright statements
and notices, this list of conditions, and the following disclaimer in the
documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution, and
3. Redistributions must contain a verbatim copy of this document.
The OpenLDAP Foundation may revise this license from time to time. Each revision is
distinguished by a version number. You may use this Software under terms of this
license revision or under the terms of any subsequent revision of the license.
THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE OPENLDAP FOUNDATION AND ITS
CONTRIBUTORS “AS IS” AND ANY EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES,
INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE
DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE OPENLDAP FOUNDATION, ITS
CONTRIBUTORS, OR THE AUTHOR(S) OR OWNER(S) OF THE SOFTWARE BE
LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR
CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT
OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR
BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF
LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING
NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS
SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
The names of the authors and copyright holders must not be used in advertising or
otherwise to promote the sale, use or other dealing in this Software without specific,
written prior permission. Title to copyright in this Software shall at all times remain with
copyright holders.
OpenLDAP is a registered trademark of the OpenLDAP Foundation.
Copyright 1999-2003 The OpenLDAP Foundation, Redwood City, California, USA. All
Rights Reserved. Permission to copy and distribute verbatim copies of this document is
granted.
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