Samsung | H60 | Samsung H60 User Manual (UGEO H60 User Manual (Reference Manual))

Diagnostic Ultrasound System
Reference Manual
Version 1.00.00
English
Table of Contents
PART 1. OB Reference
OB Reference
7
Gestational Age Formula and Table List
7
Abdominal Circumference (AC)
ASUM7
CFEF8
CHITTY9
CHITTY_DERIVED9
HADLOCK10
HANSMANN10
JEANTY11
JOHNSEN11
JSUM12
KURMANAVICIUS13
MERZ13
NICOLAIDES16
SHINOZUKA16
TOKYO17
Biparietal Diameter (BPD)
ASUM19
CFEF20
CHITTY_OI21
CHITTY_OO22
HADLOCK23
HANSMANN24
JEANTY25
JOHNSEN26
JSUM27
KURMANAVICIUS28
KURTZ29
MERZ30
NICOLAIDES32
OSAKA32
REMPEN36
SABBAGHA36
SHINOZUKA37
TOKYO39
Crown-Rump Length (CRL)
ASUM40
HADLOCK42
HANSMANN43
JSUM44
NELSON45
OSAKA45
REMPEN46
ROBINSON47
SHINOZUKA47
TOKYO48
Femur Length (FL)
ASUM49
CFEF50
CHITTY51
HADLOCK52
HANSMANN53
HOHLER53
JEANTY53
JOHNSEN54
JSUM55
KURMANAVICIUS56
MERZ56
NICOLAIDES58
OSAKA58
Reference Manual 2
SHINOZUKA62
TOKYO63
Anterior Posterior Thoracic Diameter (APTD)
HANSMANN65
Anterior Posterior Thoracic Diameter (APTD) and
Thorax Transverse Diameter (TTD) (AxT)
SHINOZUKA66
TOKYO67
Gestational Sac (GS)
HANSMANN69
HELLMAN70
REMPEN70
TOKYO71
Occipital Frontal Diameter (OFD)
ASUM72
HANSMANN73
KURMANAVICIUS74
NICOLAIDES74
Outer Ocular Distance (OOD)
JEANTY75
Humerus (HL)
ASUM76
JEANTY77
MERZ78
OSAKA79
Tibia (TIB)
JEANTY82
MERZ84
Thorax Transverse Diameter (TTD)
HANSMANN85
ASUM85
Cerebellum (CEREB)
CHITTY86
GOLDSTEIN86
HILL87
NICOLAIDES87
Ulna
JEANTY87
MERZ89
Head Circumference (HC)
ASUM89
CFEF90
CHITTY91
CHITTY_DERIVED92
HADLOCK93
HANSMANN93
JOHNSEN94
KURMANAVICIUS95
MERZ96
NICOLAIDES98
Head Circumference (HC_DIV_AC)
CAMPBELL99
Fetal Trunk cross-sectional Area (FTA)
OSAKA99
Clavicle (CLAV)
YARKONI103
Reference Manual 3
Radius Length (RAD)
JEANTY103
MERZ104
Middle Abdominal Diameter (MAD)
EIK_NES104
KURMANAVICIUS106
Umbilical Artery_Pulsatility Index (UA_PI)
JSUM106
Umbilical Artery_Resistance Index (UA_RI)
JSUM106
Transverse Abdominal Diameter (TAD)
CFEF107
Transverse Abdominal Diameter (TAD)
MERZ108
Thoracic Circumference (THC)
CHITIKARA108
Lateral Ventricular Width (LV)
TOKYO109
Cisterna Magna Diameter (CM)
NICOLAIDES111
Amniotic Fluid Index (AFI)
MOORE111
Nasal Bone Length (NB)
SONEK112
Estimated Fetal Weight Formula
112
Method using
AC112
AC, BPD
112
AC, FL
112
BPD, AC, FL
112
HC, AC, FL
113
BPD, HC, AC, FL
113
BPD, TTD
113
AC, BPD
113
BPD, FTA, FL
113
BPD, MAD, FL
113
HC, AC, FL
113
AC, BPD
113
BPD, APTD, TTD, FL
113
BPD, FL, AC
114
BPD, APTD, TTD, LV
114
BPD, APTD, TTD, FL)
114
Estimated Fetal Weight Growth Reference
114
Estimate Fetal Weight (EFW)
HADLOCK114
JSUM115
OSAKA115
SHINOZUKA118
TOKYO119
WILLIAMS122
YARKONI122
Reference Manual 4
Estimate Fetal Weight Algorithm 123
CAMPBELL123
HADLOCK123
HADLOCK1124
HADLOCK2124
HADLOCK3125
HADLOCK4125
HANSMAN126
MERZ126
OSAKA127
SHEPARD127
SHINOZUKA1 127
SHINOZUKA 2
127
SHINOZUKA 3 127
FERRERO128
HIGGINBOTTOM 128
THURNAU128
WARSOF128
WEINER1128
WEINER2128
WOO 129
PART 2. OTHER APPLICATIONS
Urology Reference
Resistivity Index
Pulsatility Index
S/D (ratio of Systolic to Diastolic Velocity)
D/S (ratio of Diastolic to Systolic Velocity)
Pressure Gradient
Volume Flow (Area)
Volume Flow (Dist.)
130
130
130
130
130
130
130
130
Prostate Vloume (3 Distances)
130
Prostate Vloume (3 Distances x Factor)
130
Prostate Vloume (Ellipsoid)
130
Prostate Vloume (Sum of 20 Disks)
131
Prostate Spec. Antigen
131
Residual Volume
131
%STA131
%STD131
Fetal HR
131
Fetal Heart Reference
131
Vascular Reference
133
Carotid, UE Artery, UE Vein, LE Artery, LE Vein
133
Stroke Volume (SV)
Cardiac Output (CO)
Ejection Fraction (EF)
LV Vol. d (LV Volume Diastolic)
LV Vol. s (LV Volume Systolic)
LV Mass
Fractional Shortening of Left Ventricle Internal diameter
Resistivity Index
Pulsatility Index
S/D (ratio of Systolic to Diastolic Velocity)
D/S (ratio of Diastolic to Systolic Velocity)
Preload Index
Resistivity Index
Pulsatility Index
S/D (ratio of Systolic to Diastolic Velocity)
D/S (ratio of Diastolic to Systolic Velocity)
Pressure Gradient
131
131
131
131
132
132
132
132
132
132
132
132
133
133
133
133
133
Reference Manual 5
%STA133
%STD133
Volume Flow (Area)
133
Volume Flow (Dist.)
133
Gynecology Reference
134
Resistivity Index
134
Pulsatility Index
134
S/D (ratio of Systolic to Diastolic Velocity)
134
D/S (ratio of Diastolic to Systolic Velocity)
134
Pressure Gradient
134
%STA134
%STD134
Volume Flow (Area)
134
Volume Flow (Dist.)
134
Abdomen Reference
135
Resistivity Index
135
Pulsatility Index
135
S/D (ratio of Systolic to Diastolic Velocity)
135
D/S (ratio of Diastolic to Systolic Velocity)
135
Pressure Gradient
135
%STA135
%STD135
Volume Flow (Area)
135
Volume Flow (Dist.)
135
Vol. 135
Vol. Index
135
Small Part Reference
136
Thyroid, Breast, Testis, Superficial
136
Resistivity Index
136
Pulsatility Index
136
S/D (ratio of Systolic to Diastolic Velocity)
136
D/S (ratio of Diastolic to Systolic Velocity)
136
Pressure Gradient
136
%STA136
%STD136
Volume Flow (Area)
136
Volume Flow (Dist.)
136
Mass Vol.
136
PART 3. Acoustic Output Tables
137
IEC 60601-2-37 Tables
137
Symbols and Definitions
137
Explanatory Notes
138
CS1-4139
C2-8140
CF4-9142
L5-13143
ER4-9145
EVN4-9146
VE4-8148
3D2-6149
3D4-9151
Reference Manual 6
IEC 61157 Tables
152
Symbols and Definitions
152
Explanatory Notes
153
CS1-4154
C2-8155
CF4-9156
L5-13157
ER4-9158
EVN4-9159
VE4-8160
3D2-6161
3D4-9162
FDA Tables
163
Symbols and Definitions
163
Explanatory Notes
164
CS1-4164
C2-8166
CF4-9167
L5-13169
ER4-9170
EVN4-9172
VE4-8173
3D2-6175
3D4-9176
Reference Manual 7
OB Reference
Gestational Age Formula and Table List
Abdominal Circumference (AC) : ASUM
GA Table
“Ultrasonic fetal Measurement Standards for an Australian Population”, compiled by Susan
Campbell Westerway - Faculty of Health Sciences University of Sydney.
http://www.asum.com.au/open.home.htm
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
SD
(day)
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
SD
(day)
18.6
151.0
161.0
171.0
10.0
35.6
245.0
273.0
301.0
28.0
20.1
158.0
168.0
178.0
10.0
36.2
252.0
280.0
308.0
28.0
36.7
259.0
287.0
315.0
28.0
21.2
165.0
175.0
185.0
10.0
22.3
168.0
182.0
196.0
14.0
Fetal Growth Table
“Ultrasonic fetal Measurement Standards for an Australian Population“, compiled by Susan
Campbell Westerway - Faculty of Health Sciences University of Sydney.
http://www.asum.com.au/open.home.htm
Date: December 2003
Meas
(cm)
Meas
(cm)
Date: December 2003
Upper
(day)
SD
(day)
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
SD
(day)
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
11
4.200
5.200
6.200
27
20.500
23.000
25.500
12
5.300
6.300
7.300
28
21.700
24.200
26.700
13
6.400
7.400
8.400
29
23.400
25.900
28.400
14
7.400
8.400
9.400
30
23.700
26.200
28.700
5.2
70.0
77.0
84.0
7.0
23.0
175.0
189.0
203.0
14.0
6.3
77.0
84.0
91.0
7.0
24.2
182.0
196.0
210.0
14.0
7.4
84.0
91.0
98.0
7.0
25.9
189.0
203.0
217.0
14.0
8.4
91.0
98.0
105.0
7.0
26.2
196.0
210.0
224.0
14.0
9.6
98.0
105.0
112.0
7.0
27.2
196.0
217.0
238.0
21.0
15
8.600
9.600
10.600
31
24.200
27.200
30.200
10.6
105.0
112.0
119.0
7.0
28.3
203.0
224.0
245.0
21.0
16
9.600
10.600
11.600
32
25.300
28.300
31.300
12.0
112.0
119.0
126.0
7.0
29.4
210.0
231.0
252.0
21.0
17
10.500
12.000
13.500
33
26.400
29.400
32.400
13.1
116.0
126.0
136.0
10.0
30.5
217.0
238.0
259.0
21.0
18
11.600
13.100
14.600
34
27.500
30.500
33.500
14.0
123.0
133.0
143.0
10.0
31.5
224.0
245.0
266.0
21.0
19
12.500
14.000
15.500
35
28.500
31.500
34.500
15.1
130.0
140.0
150.0
10.0
32.5
224.0
252.0
280.0
28.0
20
13.600
15.100
16.600
36
29.000
32.500
36.000
16.4
137.0
147.0
157.0
10.0
33.3
231.0
259.0
287.0
28.0
21
14.400
16.400
18.400
37
29.800
33.300
36.800
17.6
144.0
154.0
164.0
10.0
34.2
238.0
266.0
294.0
28.0
22
15.600
17.600
19.600
38
30.700
34.200
37.700
Reference Manual 8
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
23
16.600
18.600
20.600
39
32.100
35.600
39.100
24
18.100
20.100
22.100
40
32.700
36.200
39.700
25
19.200
21.200
23.200
41
33.200
36.700
40.200
26
19.800
22.300
24.800
Abdominal Circumference (AC) : CFEF
Fetal Growth Table
Créquat, J., Duyme, M., Brodaty, G., “Biometry 2000. Fetal growth charts by the French College
of fetal ultrasonography and the Inserm U 155“, Gynécol Obstét Fertil, Vol. 28 No. 2, 2000,
pages 435-445
Meas
(week)
Lower
(mm)
Mean
(mm)
Upper
(mm)
Meas
(week)
Lower
(mm)
Mean
(mm)
Upper
(mm)
15
16
80.700
95.000
108.800
28
206.200
234.400
262.600
91.300
106.400
121.600
29
214.700
244.000
273.300
17
101.700
118.000
134.000
30
223.200
253.600
283.700
18
111.800
129.200
146.600
31
231.600
263.000
294.400
GA Table
19
122.000
140.400
158.800
32
239.700
272.200
304.600
Créquat, J., Duyme, M., Brodaty, G., “Biometry 2000. Fetal growth charts by the French College
of fetal ultrasonography and the Inserm U 155“, Gynécol.Obstét Fertil, Vol. 28 No. 2, 2000,
pages 435-445
20
132.000
151.400
171.000
33
247.800
281.200
314.800
21
141.600
162.300
183.000
34
255.600
290.200
324.800
22
151.400
173.000
194.700
35
263.200
298.800
334.500
Meas (cm)
Mean (day)
Meas (cm)
Mean (day)
Meas (cm)
Mean (day)
23
160.900
183.600
206.300
36
271.000
307.400
344.300
95.0
105.0
194.0
168.0
281.2
231.0
24
170.200
194.000
218.000
37
278.300
316.000
353.800
106.4
112.0
204.4
175.0
290.2
238.0
25
179.300
204.400
229.300
38
285.600
324.700
363.000
118.0
119.0
214.5
182.0
298.8
245.0
26
188.400
214.500
240.600
39
292.700
332.400
372.200
129.2
126.0
224.5
189.0
307.4
252.0
27
197.300
224.500
251.600
40
298.000
339.000
380.000
140.4
133.0
234.4
196.0
316.0
259.0
151.4
140.0
244.0
203.0
324.7
266.0
162.3
147.0
253.6
210.0
332.4
273.0
173.0
154.0
263.0
217.0
339.0
280.0
183.6
161.0
272.2
224.0
Reference Manual 9
Abdominal Circumference (AC) : CHITTY
Abdominal Circumference (AC) : CHITTY_DERIVED
Fetal Growth Table
Fetal Growth Table
Chitty, L.S., Altman, D.G., Henderson, A., Campbell,S., “Charts of fetal size: 3. Abdominal
measurements“, Br.J.Obstet.Gynaecol. Vol. 101 No. 2, 1994, pages 125-131
Chitty, L.S., Altman, D.G., Henderson, A., Campbell, S., “Charts of fetal size: 3. Abdominal
measurements“, Br.J.Obstet.Gynaecol. Vol. 101 No. 2, 1994, pages 125-131
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(week)
Lower
(mm)
Mean
(mm)
Upper
(mm)
Meas
(week)
Lower
(mm)
Mean
(mm)
Upper
(mm)
12
4.770
5.890
7.020
28
21.410
23.910
26.410
12
49.000
55.800
62.600
28
207.900
230.600
253.200
13
5.870
7.090
8.300
29
22.360
24.940
27.530
13
59.600
67.400
75.200
29
216.900
240.500
264.200
14
6.970
8.270
9.570
30
23.290
25.960
28.630
14
70.100
78.900
87.700
30
225.800
250.400
275.000
15
8.060
9.450
10.830
31
24.200
26.960
29.720
15
80.500
90.300
100.100
31
234.500
260.100
285.700
16
9.150
10.620
12.090
32
25.100
27.950
30.800
16
90.900
101.600
112.400
32
243.100
269.700
296.300
17
10.220
11.780
13.330
33
25.990
28.920
31.850
17
101.100
112.900
124.700
33
251.500
279.100
306.700
18
11.290
12.930
14.570
34
26.860
29.880
32.900
18
111.300
124.100
136.900
34
259.800
288.400
317.000
19
12.350
14.080
15.810
35
27.710
30.820
33.920
19
121.500
135.200
149.000
35
267.900
297.500
327.000
20
13.400
15.210
17.030
36
28.550
31.740
34.930
20
131.500
146.200
161.000
36
275.800
306.400
337.000
21
14.440
16.340
18.240
37
29.370
32.640
35.920
21
141.400
157.100
172.900
37
283.600
315.100
346.700
22
15.470
17.460
19.440
38
30.170
33.530
36.890
22
151.300
168.000
184.700
38
291.200
323.700
356.300
23
16.490
18.560
20.630
39
30.950
34.400
37.850
23
161.000
178.700
196.400
39
298.600
332.100
365.700
24
17.500
19.660
21.810
40
31.720
35.250
38.780
24
170.600
189.300
208.000
40
305.800
340.400
374.900
25
18.500
20.740
22.980
41
32.460
36.080
39.700
25
180.100
199.800
219.500
41
312.900
348.400
383.900
26
19.480
21.810
24.140
42
33.180
36.890
40.600
26
189.500
210.200
230.800
42
319.700
356.200
392.700
27
20.450
22.870
25.280
27
198.800
220.400
242.100
Reference Manual 10
Abdominal Circumference (AC) : HADLOCK
Abdominal Circumference (AC) : HANSMANN
GA Table
GA Table
“Hadlock,F.P., Deter,R.L., Harrist,R.B., Park,S.K.,“ Estimating fetal age: computer-assisted
analysis of multiple fetal growth parameters“, Radiology Vol. 152 No. 2, 1984, pages 497-501“
“Hansmann, Hackelöer, Staudach, “Ultrasound Diagnosis in Obstetrics and Gynecology“
Springer - Verlag, New York, 1986, p.431.“
GA = 8.14 + 0.753 × AC + 0.0036 × (AC2)
Output Unit: w (weeks)
Input Unit: cm
Min Range: 5cm
Meas (cm)
Mean (day)
Meas (cm)
Mean (day)
Meas (cm)
Mean (day)
5.3
84.0
15.5
154.0
24.9
224.0
6.3
91.0
16.5
161.0
25.8
231.0
7.5
98.0
17.3
168.0
26.8
238.0
8.5
105.0
18.3
175.0
27.7
245.0
Fetal Growth Table
9.7
112.0
19.1
182.0
28.7
252.0
Hadlock F.P., Deter R.L., Harrist R.B., Park S.K. “Estimating Fetal Age: Computer-Assisted
Analysis of Multiple Fetal Growth Parameters“ Radiology 1984; 152: 497-501
10.7
119.0
20.2
189.0
29.6
259.0
11.6
126.0
21.1
196.0
30.6
266.0
AC = -13.3 + 1.61 × {GA} - 0.00998 × {GA}2
12.6
133.0
22.2
203.0
31.5
273.0
13.5
140.0
23.0
210.0
32.0
280.0
14.5
147.0
24.0
217.0
Max Range: 38cm
Output Unit : cm
Input Unit: w (week)
Min Range: 12w
Max Range: 40w
Reference Manual 11
Abdominal Circumference (AC) : JEANTY
Abdominal Circumference (AC) : JOHNSEN
Fetal Growth Table
Fetal Growth Table
Jeanty P., Cousaert E., Cantraine F. “Normal Growth of the Abdominal Perimeter“ American
Journal of Perinatology; Volume1; Number 2; January 1984; pages 129-135
Johnsen SL, Rasmussen S, Sollien R, Kiserud T, Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand, 2005; 84: 725-733
Meas
(day)
Lower
(mm)
Mean
(mm)
Upper
(mm)
Meas
(day)
Lower
(mm)
Mean
(mm)
Upper
(mm)
70
31.000
37.000
44.000
182
203.000
219.000
236.000
77
41.000
47.000
55.000
189
213.000
230.000
248.000
24.800
84
51.000
58.000
67.000
196
223.000
240.000
259.000
23.500
25.700
91
61.000
69.000
79.000
203
233.000
251.000
270.000
22.200
24.400
26.700
98
72.000
81.000
91.000
210
243.000
261.000
281.000
31
23.100
25.400
27.600
105
83.000
93.000
103.000
217
252.000
272.000
292.000
13.100
32
24.000
26.200
28.500
112
94.000
104.000
116.000
224
262.000
282.000
303.000
11.900
14.200
33
24.800
27.100
29.300
119
105.000
116.000
128.000
231
271.000
292.000
314.000
10.800
13.000
15.200
34
25.600
27.900
30.100
126
116.000
128.000
141.000
238
280.000
302.000
325.000
20
11.900
14.100
16.300
35
26.400
28.600
30.900
133
128.000
140.000
153.000
245
290.000
312.000
335.000
21
12.900
15.200
17.400
36
27.100
29.300
31.600
140
139.000
151.000
165.000
252
299.000
321.000
346.000
22
14.000
16.300
18.500
37
27.800
30.000
32.200
147
150.000
163.000
177.000
259
308.000
331.000
356.000
23
15.100
17.300
19.600
38
28.300
30.600
32.800
154
160.000
174.000
189.000
266
316.000
341.000
367.000
24
16.200
18.400
20.600
39
28.900
31.100
33.300
161
171.000
186.000
201.000
273
325.000
350.000
377.000
25
17.200
19.500
21.700
40
29.400
31.600
33.800
168
182.000
197.000
213.000
280
334.000
360.000
387.000
26
18.300
20.500
22.700
175
192.000
208.000
225.000
286
341.000
368.000
396.000
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
12
3.500
5.700
8.000
27
19.300
21.500
23.800
13
4.500
6.700
9.000
28
20.300
22.500
14
5.500
7.700
10.000
29
21.300
15
6.500
8.800
11.000
30
16
7.600
9.800
12.000
17
8.600
10.900
18
9.700
19
Reference Manual 12
Abdominal Circumference (AC) : JSUM
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
SD
(day)
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
SD
(day)
GA Table
19.5
163.0
174.0
185.0
11.0
31.0
253.0
268.0
283.0
15.0
“Takashi Okai, Chairman of JSUM, Ultrasound Diagnostic standard & language committee
Ultrasound Fetal measurement standardization & Japanese standard proposals J. Med
Ultrasonics Vol. 28 No.5 (2001)“
20.0
167.0
178.0
189.0
11.0
31.5
258.0
273.0
288.0
15.0
20.5
170.0
181.0
192.0
11.0
32.0
264.0
279.0
294.0
15.0
21.0
173.0
185.0
197.0
12.0
32.5
269.0
284.0
299.0
15.0
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
SD
(day)
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
SD
(day)
10.0
100.0
108.0
116.0
8.0
21.5
177.0
189.0
201.0
12.0
Fetal Growth Table
Takashi Okai, Chairman of JSUM, Ultrasound Diagnostic standard & language committee“
Ultrasound Fetal measurement standardization & Japanese standard proposals“ J Med
Ultrasonics Vol. 28 No.5 (2001)
10.5
104.0
112.0
120.0
8.0
22.0
180.0
192.0
204.0
12.0
11.0
108.0
116.0
124.0
8.0
22.5
184.0
196.0
208.0
12.0
11.5
111.0
119.0
127.0
8.0
23.0
188.0
200.0
212.0
12.0
12.0
114.0
123.0
132.0
9.0
23.5
191.0
203.0
215.0
12.0
12.5
117.0
126.0
135.0
9.0
24.0
194.0
207.0
220.0
13.0
13.0
121.0
130.0
139.0
9.0
24.5
198.0
211.0
224.0
13.0
13.5
124.0
133.0
142.0
9.0
25.0
202.0
215.0
228.0
13.0
14.0
128.0
137.0
146.0
9.0
25.5
206.0
219.0
232.0
13.0
14.5
131.0
140.0
149.0
9.0
26.0
210.0
223.0
236.0
13.0
15.0
133.0
143.0
153.0
10.0
26.5
214.0
227.0
240.0
13.0
15.5
137.0
147.0
157.0
10.0
27.0
219.0
232.0
245.0
13.0
16.0
140.0
150.0
160.0
10.0
27.5
222.0
236.0
250.0
16.5
144.0
154.0
164.0
10.0
28.0
226.0
240.0
17.0
147.0
157.0
167.0
10.0
28.5
231.0
17.5
150.0
160.0
170.0
10.0
29.0
18.0
153.0
164.0
175.0
11.0
18.5
156.0
167.0
178.0
11.0
19.0
160.0
171.0
182.0
11.0
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
16
9.030
10.460
11.890
30
21.920
24.350
26.780
17
9.990
11.490
12.990
31
22.750
25.250
27.750
18
10.950
12.520
14.090
32
23.550
26.120
28.690
19
11.910
13.550
15.200
33
24.330
26.970
29.620
20
12.870
14.580
16.290
34
25.090
27.800
30.520
21
13.820
15.600
17.390
35
25.820
28.610
31.390
22
14.760
16.620
18.480
36
26.530
29.380
32.240
14.0
23
15.700
17.630
19.560
37
27.210
30.130
33.060
254.0
14.0
24
16.630
18.630
20.630
38
27.860
30.850
33.850
245.0
259.0
14.0
25
17.550
19.620
21.690
39
28.470
31.540
34.610
235.0
249.0
263.0
14.0
26
18.450
20.590
22.730
40
29.060
32.200
35.340
29.5
240.0
254.0
268.0
14.0
27
19.340
21.560
23.770
41
29.610
32.830
36.040
30.0
245.0
259.0
273.0
14.0
28
20.220
22.510
24.790
42
30.130
33.410
36.700
14.0
29
21.080
23.440
25.790
30.5
250.0
264.0
278.0
Reference Manual 13
Abdominal Circumference (AC) : KURMANAVICIUS
Abdominal Circumference (AC) : MERZ
Fetal Growth Table
GA Table
Standard-Tabellen und Kurven für Ultraschall-/Dopplersonografie, Dept. Frauenheilkunde
Klinik und Poliklinik für Geburtshilfe; Copyright (1997) J. Kurmanavicius et al Prof. Dr. A. Huch
“E. Merz, W. Goldhofer, E. Timor-Tritsch “Ultrasound in Gynecology and Obstetrics“ Text book
and Atlas, 1991 Georg Thieme Verlag, pp.326“
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
12
4.530
5.660
6.790
28
20.800
23.180
25.560
5.6
76.0
85.0
93.0
20.4
171.0
183.0
195.0
13
5.610
6.820
8.030
29
21.710
24.170
26.630
5.8
78.0
86.0
95.0
20.6
172.0
185.0
197.0
14
6.690
7.980
9.270
30
22.610
25.150
27.690
6.0
79.0
88.0
96.0
20.8
174.0
186.0
198.0
15
7.760
9.130
10.500
31
23.500
26.110
28.730
6.2
81.0
89.0
97.0
21.0
175.0
188.0
200.0
16
8.830
10.270
11.720
32
24.360
27.060
29.760
6.4
82.0
90.0
99.0
21.2
176.0
189.0
201.0
17
9.880
11.400
12.930
33
25.220
27.990
30.770
6.6
83.0
92.0
100.0
21.4
177.0
190.0
202.0
18
10.930
12.530
14.130
34
26.050
28.900
31.760
6.8
84.0
93.0
102.0
21.6
179.0
191.0
204.0
19
11.970
13.640
15.320
35
26.870
29.800
32.730
7.0
85.0
95.0
103.0
21.8
180.0
193.0
205.0
20
12.990
14.750
16.510
36
27.670
30.680
33.690
7.2
87.0
95.0
104.0
22.0
181.0
194.0
207.0
21
14.010
15.850
17.680
37
28.450
31.540
34.620
7.4
88.0
97.0
106.0
22.2
183.0
195.0
208.0
22
15.020
16.930
18.840
38
29.210
32.380
35.540
7.6
90.0
98.0
107.0
22.4
184.0
197.0
209.0
23
16.010
18.000
20.000
39
29.950
33.200
36.440
7.8
90.0
99.0
109.0
22.6
185.0
198.0
211.0
24
16.990
19.060
21.130
40
30.680
34.000
37.320
8.0
92.0
101.0
110.0
22.8
186.0
200.0
212.0
25
17.960
20.110
22.260
41
31.380
34.780
38.180
8.2
93.0
102.0
111.0
23.0
188.0
201.0
214.0
26
18.920
21.150
23.370
42
32.060
35.530
39.010
8.4
95.0
104.0
113.0
23.2
189.0
202.0
215.0
27
19.870
22.170
24.480
8.6
96.0
105.0
114.0
23.4
190.0
203.0
216.0
8.8
97.0
106.0
116.0
23.6
192.0
204.0
218.0
9.0
98.0
108.0
117.0
23.8
193.0
206.0
219.0
9.2
99.0
109.0
118.0
24.0
194.0
207.0
221.0
Reference Manual 14
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
9.4
101.0
110.0
120.0
24.2
195.0
209.0
222.0
14.2
132.0
142.0
153.0
29.0
226.0
241.0
256.0
9.6
102.0
111.0
121.0
24.4
197.0
210.0
223.0
14.4
133.0
144.0
154.0
29.2
228.0
242.0
257.0
9.8
104.0
113.0
123.0
24.6
198.0
211.0
225.0
14.6
134.0
145.0
155.0
29.4
228.0
243.0
258.0
10.0
104.0
114.0
124.0
24.8
199.0
213.0
226.0
14.8
135.0
146.0
157.0
29.6
230.0
244.0
260.0
10.2
106.0
116.0
125.0
25.0
200.0
214.0
228.0
15.0
137.0
148.0
158.0
29.8
231.0
246.0
260.0
10.4
107.0
117.0
127.0
25.2
202.0
216.0
229.0
15.2
138.0
148.0
160.0
30.0
232.0
247.0
262.0
10.6
109.0
118.0
128.0
25.4
203.0
216.0
230.0
15.4
139.0
150.0
161.0
30.2
234.0
249.0
263.0
10.8
110.0
120.0
129.0
25.6
204.0
218.0
232.0
15.6
141.0
151.0
162.0
30.4
235.0
250.0
265.0
11.0
111.0
121.0
130.0
25.8
206.0
219.0
233.0
15.8
141.0
153.0
164.0
30.6
236.0
251.0
266.0
11.2
112.0
122.0
132.0
26.0
207.0
221.0
235.0
16.0
143.0
154.0
165.0
30.8
237.0
253.0
267.0
11.4
113.0
123.0
133.0
26.2
208.0
222.0
236.0
16.2
144.0
155.0
167.0
31.0
239.0
254.0
269.0
11.6
115.0
125.0
134.0
26.4
209.0
223.0
237.0
16.4
146.0
157.0
168.0
31.2
240.0
256.0
270.0
11.8
116.0
126.0
136.0
26.6
211.0
225.0
239.0
16.6
147.0
158.0
169.0
31.4
242.0
256.0
272.0
12.0
118.0
127.0
137.0
26.8
212.0
226.0
240.0
16.8
148.0
160.0
171.0
31.6
242.0
258.0
273.0
12.2
119.0
129.0
139.0
27.0
214.0
228.0
242.0
17.0
149.0
161.0
172.0
31.8
244.0
259.0
274.0
12.4
120.0
130.0
140.0
27.2
214.0
229.0
243.0
17.2
151.0
162.0
174.0
32.0
245.0
260.0
276.0
12.6
121.0
132.0
141.0
27.4
216.0
230.0
244.0
17.4
152.0
163.0
175.0
32.2
246.0
262.0
277.0
12.8
123.0
133.0
143.0
27.6
217.0
231.0
246.0
17.6
153.0
165.0
176.0
32.4
248.0
263.0
279.0
13.0
124.0
134.0
144.0
27.8
218.0
232.0
247.0
17.8
155.0
166.0
178.0
32.6
249.0
265.0
280.0
13.2
125.0
135.0
146.0
28.0
220.0
234.0
249.0
18.0
155.0
167.0
179.0
32.8
250.0
266.0
281.0
13.4
126.0
137.0
147.0
28.2
221.0
235.0
250.0
18.2
157.0
169.0
181.0
33.0
251.0
267.0
283.0
13.6
127.0
138.0
148.0
28.4
222.0
237.0
251.0
18.4
158.0
170.0
182.0
33.2
253.0
269.0
284.0
13.8
129.0
139.0
150.0
28.6
223.0
238.0
253.0
18.6
160.0
172.0
183.0
33.4
254.0
270.0
286.0
14.0
130.0
141.0
151.0
28.8
225.0
239.0
254.0
18.8
161.0
173.0
185.0
33.6
256.0
271.0
287.0
Reference Manual 15
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
19.0
162.0
174.0
186.0
33.8
257.0
272.0
288.0
119
9.600
11.100
12.500
224
24.400
26.600
28.800
19.2
163.0
175.0
188.0
34.0
258.0
274.0
290.0
123
10.200
11.600
13.100
228
24.900
27.100
29.300
19.4
165.0
176.0
189.0
34.2
259.0
275.0
291.0
126
10.700
12.200
13.600
231
25.300
27.600
29.800
19.6
166.0
178.0
190.0
34.4
260.0
277.0
293.0
130
11.200
12.700
14.200
235
25.800
28.000
30.300
19.8
167.0
179.0
192.0
34.6
262.0
278.0
294.0
133
11.700
13.200
14.800
238
26.200
28.500
30.800
34.8
263.0
279.0
295.0
137
12.200
13.800
15.300
242
26.600
28.900
31.300
140
12.700
14.300
15.900
245
27.000
29.400
31.700
144
13.300
14.900
16.500
249
27.500
29.800
32.200
147
13.800
15.400
17.000
252
27.900
30.300
32.700
151
14.300
15.900
17.600
256
28.300
30.700
33.100
154
14.800
16.500
18.100
259
28.700
31.100
33.600
158
15.300
17.000
18.700
263
29.000
31.500
34.000
161
15.800
17.500
19.300
266
29.400
31.900
34.400
165
16.300
18.100
19.800
270
29.800
32.300
34.800
168
16.800
18.600
20.400
273
30.100
32.700
35.200
17.300
19.100
20.900
277
30.500
33.100
35.600
20.0
169.0
181.0
193.0
20.2
170.0
182.0
195.0
Fetal Growth Table
Merz E., Wellek S.
“Normal Fetal Development Profiles A Model to obtain Standard Development Graphs for
the Head and Abdominal Parameters and the Long Limb Bones“Ultraschall in der Medizin
17 (1996) 153-162
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
88
5.000
6.200
7.400
193
20.200
22.200
24.200
172
91
5.500
6.700
8.000
196
20.700
22.700
24.700
175
17.800
19.600
21.500
280
30.800
33.400
36.000
18.300
20.200
22.000
284
31.100
33.800
36.400
95
6.000
7.300
8.500
200
21.200
23.200
25.200
179
98
6.500
7.800
9.100
203
21.700
23.700
25.700
182
18.800
20.700
22.600
287
31.400
34.100
36.700
102
7.100
8.300
9.600
207
22.100
24.200
26.300
186
19.300
21.200
23.100
291
31.700
34.300
37.000
105
7.600
8.900
10.200
210
22.600
24.700
26.800
189
19.800
21.700
23.600
109
8.100
9.400
10.800
214
23.100
25.200
27.300
112
8.600
10.000
11.400
217
23.500
25.700
27.800
116
9.100
10.500
11.900
221
24.000
26.200
28.300
Reference Manual 16
Abdominal Circumference (AC) : NICOLAIDES
Abdominal Circumference (AC) : SHINOZUKA
Fetal Growth Table
GA Table
R. J. M. Snijders and K. H. Nicolaides; “Fetal biometry at 14-40 weeks’ gestation“ Ultrasound
Obstet. Gynecol. 4 (1994) 34-48
“Shinozuka N., Masuda H., Kagawa H., Taketani Y.
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Tokyo Faculty of Medicine, “Standard
Values of Ultrasonographic Fetal Biometry“
Jpn J Med Ultrasonics 23 (12) 877-888; 1996“
14
8.000
9.000
10.200
27
20.500
23.100
25.900
15
8.800
9.900
11.200
28
21.600
24.300
27.200
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
SD
(day)
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
SD
(day)
16
9.600
10.800
12.200
29
22.600
25.400
28.500
10.0
100.0
108.0
116.0
8.0
22.0
180.0
192.0
204.0
12.0
17
10.500
11.800
13.300
30
23.700
26.600
29.800
10.5
104.0
112.0
120.0
8.0
22.5
184.0
196.0
208.0
12.0
108.0
116.0
124.0
8.0
23.0
188.0
200.0
212.0
12.0
18
11.400
12.800
14.400
31
24.600
27.700
31.000
11.0
19
12.300
13.900
15.600
32
25.600
28.700
32.200
11.5
111.0
119.0
127.0
8.0
23.5
191.0
203.0
215.0
12.0
20
13.300
14.900
16.800
33
26.500
29.700
33.400
12.0
114.0
123.0
132.0
9.0
24.0
194.0
207.0
220.0
13.0
21
14.300
16.100
18.100
34
27.400
30.700
34.500
12.5
117.0
126.0
135.0
9.0
24.5
198.0
211.0
224.0
13.0
22
15.300
17.200
19.300
35
28.200
31.600
35.500
13.0
121.0
130.0
139.0
9.0
25.0
202.0
215.0
228.0
13.0
23
16.300
18.300
20.600
36
28.900
32.400
36.400
13.5
124.0
133.0
142.0
9.0
25.5
206.0
219.0
232.0
13.0
24
17.400
19.500
21.900
37
29.500
33.200
37.200
14.0
128.0
137.0
146.0
9.0
26.0
210.0
223.0
236.0
13.0
25
18.400
20.700
23.300
38
30.200
33.900
38.000
14.5
131.0
140.0
149.0
9.0
26.5
214.0
227.0
240.0
13.0
26
19.500
21.900
24.600
39
30.700
34.500
38.700
15.0
133.0
143.0
153.0
10.0
27.0
219.0
232.0
245.0
13.0
15.5
137.0
147.0
157.0
10.0
27.5
222.0
236.0
250.0
14.0
16.0
140.0
150.0
160.0
10.0
28.0
226.0
240.0
254.0
14.0
16.5
144.0
154.0
164.0
10.0
28.5
231.0
245.0
259.0
14.0
17.0
147.0
157.0
167.0
10.0
29.0
235.0
249.0
263.0
14.0
17.5
150.0
160.0
170.0
10.0
29.5
240.0
254.0
268.0
14.0
18.0
153.0
164.0
175.0
11.0
30.0
245.0
259.0
273.0
14.0
Reference Manual 17
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
SD
(day)
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
SD
(day)
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
18.5
156.0
167.0
178.0
11.0
30.5
250.0
264.0
278.0
14.0
25
17.700
20.100
22.300
39
28.200
31.800
35.000
19.0
160.0
171.0
182.0
11.0
31.0
253.0
268.0
283.0
15.0
26
18.600
21.000
23.300
40
28.800
32.400
35.700
19.500
22.000
24.400
41
29.300
33.000
36.400
42
29.700
33.600
37.000
19.5
163.0
174.0
185.0
11.0
31.5
258.0
273.0
288.0
15.0
27
20.0
167.0
178.0
189.0
11.0
32.0
264.0
279.0
294.0
15.0
28
20.300
22.900
25.400
29
21.100
23.800
26.400
20.5
170.0
181.0
192.0
11.0
32.5
269.0
284.0
299.0
15.0
33.0
274.0
289.0
304.0
15.0
21.0
173.0
185.0
197.0
12.0
21.5
177.0
189.0
201.0
12.0
Abdominal Circumference (AC) : TOKYO
GA Table
Fetal Growth Table
“Shinozuka N., Masuda H., Kagawa H., Taketani Y.
“Shinozuka N., Masuda H., Kagawa H., Taketani Y.
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine University of Tokyo “Standard
Values of Ultrasonographic Fetal Biometry“
Jpn J Med Ultrasonics 23 (12) 877-888; 1996“
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
16
9.300
10.900
12.500
30
22.000
24.700
27.300
17
10.300
12.000
13.600
31
22.800
25.600
28.300
18
11.200
13.000
14.700
32
23.500
26.500
29.200
19
12.200
14.000
15.800
33
24.300
27.300
30.100
20
13.100
15.100
16.900
34
25.000
28.100
31.000
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Tokyo Faculty of Medicine, “Standard
Values of Ultrasonographic Fetal Biometry“
Jpn J Med Ultrasonics 23 (12) 877-888; 1996“
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
SD
(day)
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
SD
(day)
10.0
100.0
108.0
116.0
8.0
22.0
180.0
192.0
204.0
12.0
10.5
104.0
112.0
120.0
8.0
22.5
184.0
196.0
208.0
12.0
11.0
108.0
116.0
124.0
8.0
23.0
188.0
200.0
212.0
12.0
11.5
111.0
119.0
127.0
8.0
23.5
191.0
203.0
215.0
12.0
12.0
114.0
123.0
132.0
9.0
24.0
194.0
207.0
220.0
13.0
12.5
117.0
126.0
135.0
9.0
24.5
198.0
211.0
224.0
13.0
13.0
121.0
130.0
139.0
9.0
25.0
202.0
215.0
228.0
13.0
21
14.000
16.100
18.000
35
25.700
28.900
31.900
22
15.000
17.100
19.100
36
26.400
29.700
32.700
23
15.900
18.100
20.200
37
27.000
30.400
33.500
13.5
124.0
133.0
142.0
9.0
25.5
206.0
219.0
232.0
13.0
34.300
14.0
128.0
137.0
146.0
9.0
26.0
210.0
223.0
236.0
13.0
24
16.800
19.100
21.200
38
27.600
31.100
Reference Manual 18
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
SD
(day)
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
SD
(day)
Fetal Growth Table
14.5
131.0
140.0
149.0
9.0
26.5
214.0
227.0
240.0
13.0
15.0
133.0
143.0
153.0
10.0
27.0
219.0
232.0
245.0
13.0
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Tokyo Faculty of Medicine, “Standard
Values of Ultrasonographic Fetal Biometry“ Jpn J Med Ultrasonics 23 (12) 877-888; 1996
15.5
137.0
147.0
157.0
10.0
27.5
222.0
236.0
250.0
14.0
16.0
140.0
150.0
160.0
10.0
28.0
226.0
240.0
254.0
14.0
16.5
144.0
154.0
164.0
10.0
28.5
231.0
245.0
259.0
14.0
17.0
147.0
157.0
167.0
10.0
29.0
235.0
249.0
263.0
14.0
17.5
150.0
160.0
170.0
10.0
29.5
240.0
254.0
268.0
14.0
18.0
153.0
164.0
175.0
11.0
30.0
238.0
252.0
266.0
14.0
18.5
156.0
167.0
178.0
11.0
30.5
250.0
264.0
278.0
14.0
19.0
160.0
171.0
182.0
11.0
31.0
253.0
268.0
283.0
15.0
19.5
163.0
174.0
185.0
11.0
31.5
258.0
273.0
288.0
15.0
20.0
167.0
178.0
189.0
11.0
32.0
264.0
279.0
294.0
15.0
20.5
170.0
181.0
192.0
11.0
32.5
269.0
284.0
299.0
15.0
21.0
173.0
185.0
197.0
12.0
33.0
274.0
289.0
304.0
15.0
21.5
177.0
189.0
201.0
12.0
Shinozuka N., Masuda H., Kagawa H., Taketani Y.
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
16
9.300
10.900
12.500
30
22.000
24.700
27.300
17
10.300
12.000
13.600
31
22.800
25.600
28.300
18
11.200
13.000
14.700
32
23.500
26.500
29.200
19
12.200
14.000
15.800
33
24.300
27.300
30.100
20
13.100
15.100
16.900
34
25.000
28.100
31.000
21
14.000
16.100
18.000
35
25.700
28.900
31.900
22
15.000
17.100
19.100
36
26.400
29.700
32.700
23
15.900
18.100
20.200
37
27.000
30.400
33.500
24
16.800
19.100
21.200
38
27.600
31.100
34.300
25
17.700
20.100
22.300
39
28.200
31.800
35.000
26
18.600
21.000
23.300
40
28.800
32.400
35.700
27
19.500
22.000
24.400
41
29.300
33.000
36.400
28
20.300
22.900
25.400
42
29.700
33.600
37.000
29
21.100
23.800
26.400
Reference Manual 19
Fetal Growth Table
Biparietal Diameter (BPD) : ASUM
“Ultrasonic fetal Measurement Standards for an Australian Population“, compiled by Susan
Campbell Westerway - Faculty of Health Sciences University of Sydney.
GA Table
“Ultrasonic fetal Measurement Standards for an Australian Population“, compiled by Susan
Campbell Westerway - Faculty of Health Sciences University of Sydney.
http://www.asum.com.au/open.home.htm
Date: December 2003
http://www.asum.com.au/open/home.htm
Date: December 2003
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
SD
(day)
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
SD
(day)
11
1.400
1.600
1.800
27
6.300
6.800
7.300
12
1.600
2.000
2.400
28
6.800
7.200
7.600
1.6
73.0
77.0
81.0
4.0
6.8
177.0
189.0
201.0
12.0
13
2.000
2.400
2.800
29
7.100
7.500
7.900
2.0
77.0
84.0
91.0
7.0
7.2
184.0
196.0
208.0
12.0
14
2.400
2.800
3.200
30
7.200
7.600
8.000
2.4
84.0
91.0
98.0
7.0
7.5
191.0
203.0
215.0
12.0
15
2.700
3.100
3.500
31
7.400
8.000
8.600
2.8
91.0
98.0
105.0
7.0
7.6
196.0
210.0
224.0
14.0
16
3.100
3.600
4.100
32
7.700
8.100
8.500
3.400
3.900
4.400
33
7.800
8.400
9.000
3.1
98.0
105.0
112.0
7.0
8.0
201.0
217.0
233.0
16.0
17
3.6
105.0
112.0
119.0
7.0
8.1
208.0
224.0
240.0
16.0
18
3.800
4.200
4.600
34
8.000
8.600
9.200
3.9
109.0
119.0
129.0
10.0
8.4
210.0
231.0
252.0
21.0
19
4.000
4.500
5.000
35
8.150
8.800
9.450
4.300
4.700
5.100
36
8.400
9.000
9.600
4.2
116.0
126.0
136.0
10.0
8.6
217.0
238.0
259.0
21.0
20
4.5
123.0
133.0
143.0
10.0
8.8
224.0
245.0
266.0
21.0
21
4.500
4.900
5.300
37
8.550
9.200
9.850
22
4.700
5.200
5.700
38
8.700
9.300
9.900
23
5.200
5.700
6.200
39
8.700
9.500
10.300
24
5.400
6.000
6.600
40
8.800
9.600
10.400
25
5.800
6.400
7.000
41
9.000
9.800
10.600
26
6.300
6.700
7.100
4.7
130.0
140.0
150.0
10.0
9.0
231.0
252.0
273.0
21.0
4.9
137.0
147.0
157.0
10.0
9.2
235.0
259.0
283.0
24.0
5.2
144.0
154.0
164.0
10.0
9.3
242.0
266.0
290.0
24.0
5.7
151.0
161.0
171.0
10.0
9.5
245.0
273.0
301.0
28.0
6.0
158.0
168.0
178.0
10.0
9.6
252.0
280.0
308.0
28.0
6.4
165.0
175.0
185.0
10.0
9.8
259.0
287.0
315.0
28.0
6.7
170.0
182.0
194.0
12.0
Reference Manual 20
Fetal Growth Table
Biparietal Diameter (BPD) : CFEF
GA Table
“Créquat,J., Duyme,M., Brodaty,G., “Biometry 2000. Fetal growth charts by the French College
of fetal ultrasonography and the Inserm U 155“, Gynécol.Obstét Fertil, Vol. 28 No. 2, 2000,
pages 435-445“
Créquat,J., Duyme,M., Brodaty,G., “Biometry 2000. Fetal growth charts by the French College
of fetal ultrasonography and the Inserm U 155“, Gynécol Obstét Fertil, Vol. 28 No. 2, 2000,
pages 435-445
Meas
(week)
Lower
(mm)
Mean
(mm)
Upper
(mm)
Meas
(week)
Lower
(mm)
Mean
(mm)
Upper
(mm)
11
12.080
15.360
18.630
27
62.120
68.550
75.000
12
15.810
19.400
22.920
28
64.500
71.030
77.600
13
19.470
23.300
27.120
29
66.840
73.500
80.090
14
23.050
27.140
31.230
30
69.070
75.800
82.520
15
26.560
30.890
35.230
31
71.220
78.000
84.800
16
29.970
34.530
39.080
32
73.300
80.160
87.000
17
33.320
38.120
42.870
33
75.240
82.140
89.040
18
36.550
41.580
46.560
34
77.140
84.070
91.000
19
39.760
45.000
50.180
35
78.940
85.900
92.830
280.0
20
42.850
48.220
53.640
36
80.640
87.610
94.560
287.0
21
45.860
51.430
57.000
37
82.270
89.240
96.190
22
48.790
54.530
60.300
38
83.780
90.700
97.660
23
51.630
57.510
63.450
39
85.220
92.100
99.050
24
54.380
60.420
66.500
40
86.570
93.450
100.310
25
57.040
63.250
69.420
41
87.000
94.000
101.000
26
59.620
65.940
72.270
Meas (mm)
Mean (day)
Meas (mm)
Mean (day)
Meas (mm)
Mean (day)
15.36
77.0
54.53
154.0
82.14
231.0
19.4
84.0
57.51
161.0
84.07
238.0
23.3
91.0
60.42
168.0
85.9
245.0
27.14
98.0
63.25
175.0
87.61
252.0
30.89
105.0
65.94
182.0
89.24
259.0
34.53
112.0
68.55
189.0
90.7
266.0
38.12
119.0
71.03
196.0
92.1
273.0
41.58
126.0
73.5
203.0
93.45
45.0
133.0
75.8
210.0
94.0
48.22
140.0
78.0
217.0
51.43
147.0
80.16
224.0
Reference Manual 21
Biparietal Diameter (BPD) : CHITTY_OI
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
GA Table
4.1
119.0
129.0
139.0
7.6
193.0
212.0
234.0
“Altmann D.G.; Chitty L.S. “New charts for ultrasound dating of pregnancy“. Ultrasound in
Obstetrics and Gynecology Vol. 10: 174-191, 1997“
4.2
121.0
131.0
142.0
7.7
195.0
215.0
237.0
4.3
123.0
133.0
144.0
7.8
198.0
218.0
240.0
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
4.4
125.0
135.0
146.0
7.9
200.0
221.0
243.0
4.5
127.0
137.0
149.0
8.0
202.0
223.0
246.0
2.1
83.0
89.0
96.0
5.6
149.0
162.0
177.0
4.6
129.0
139.0
151.0
8.1
205.0
226.0
250.0
2.2
85.0
91.0
98.0
5.7
151.0
165.0
179.0
4.7
131.0
142.0
154.0
8.2
207.0
229.0
253.0
2.3
87.0
93.0
100.0
5.8
153.0
167.0
182.0
4.8
133.0
144.0
156.0
8.3
210.0
232.0
256.0
2.4
88.0
95.0
102.0
5.9
155.0
169.0
185.0
4.9
135.0
146.0
159.0
8.4
212.0
234.0
259.0
2.5
90.0
97.0
104.0
6.0
157.0
172.0
188.0
5.0
137.0
148.0
161.0
8.5
215.0
237.0
262.0
2.6
92.0
99.0
106.0
6.1
159.0
174.0
190.0
5.1
139.0
151.0
164.0
8.6
217.0
240.0
266.0
2.7
94.0
101.0
108.0
6.2
162.0
177.0
193.0
5.2
141.0
153.0
166.0
8.7
219.0
243.0
269.0
2.8
95.0
103.0
110.0
6.3
164.0
179.0
196.0
5.3
143.0
155.0
169.0
8.8
222.0
246.0
272.0
2.9
97.0
104.0
112.0
6.4
166.0
182.0
199.0
5.4
145.0
158.0
172.0
8.9
224.0
249.0
276.0
3.0
99.0
106.0
114.0
6.5
168.0
184.0
202.0
5.5
147.0
160.0
174.0
3.1
101.0
108.0
117.0
6.6
170.0
187.0
204.0
3.2
102.0
110.0
119.0
6.7
172.0
189.0
207.0
3.3
104.0
112.0
121.0
6.8
175.0
192.0
210.0
3.4
106.0
114.0
123.0
6.9
177.0
194.0
213.0
3.5
108.0
116.0
125.0
7.0
179.0
197.0
216.0
3.6
110.0
118.0
128.0
7.1
181.0
199.0
219.0
3.7
111.0
120.0
130.0
7.2
184.0
202.0
222.0
3.8
113.0
122.0
132.0
7.3
186.0
205.0
225.0
3.9
115.0
125.0
135.0
7.4
188.0
207.0
228.0
4.0
117.0
127.0
137.0
7.5
191.0
210.0
231.0
Reference Manual 22
Biparietal Diameter (BPD) : CHITTY_OO
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
GA Table
4.2
116.0
126.0
137.0
7.7
188.0
208.0
229.0
“Altmann D.G.; Chitty L.S. “New charts for ultrasound dating of pregnancy“. Ultrasound in
Obstetrics and Gynecology Vol. 10: 174-191, 1997“
4.3
118.0
128.0
139.0
7.8
190.0
210.0
232.0
4.4
120.0
130.0
142.0
7.9
193.0
213.0
235.0
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
4.5
122.0
133.0
144.0
8.0
195.0
215.0
238.0
4.6
124.0
135.0
146.0
8.1
197.0
218.0
241.0
2.2
82.0
88.0
95.0
5.7
145.0
159.0
173.0
4.7
126.0
137.0
149.0
8.2
199.0
221.0
244.0
2.3
84.0
90.0
97.0
5.8
147.0
161.0
176.0
4.8
128.0
139.0
151.0
8.3
202.0
223.0
247.0
2.4
85.0
92.0
99.0
5.9
149.0
163.0
179.0
4.9
130.0
141.0
154.0
8.4
204.0
226.0
251.0
2.5
87.0
94.0
101.0
6.0
151.0
166.0
181.0
5.0
131.0
143.0
156.0
8.5
207.0
229.0
254.0
2.6
89.0
95.0
103.0
6.1
153.0
168.0
184.0
5.1
133.0
145.0
158.0
8.6
209.0
232.0
257.0
2.7
90.0
97.0
105.0
6.2
155.0
170.0
187.0
5.2
135.0
148.0
161.0
8.7
211.0
234.0
260.0
2.8
92.0
99.0
107.0
6.3
158.0
173.0
189.0
5.3
137.0
150.0
163.0
8.8
214.0
237.0
263.0
2.9
94.0
101.0
109.0
6.4
160.0
175.0
192.0
5.4
139.0
152.0
166.0
8.9
216.0
240.0
267.0
3.0
95.0
103.0
111.0
6.5
162.0
177.0
195.0
5.5
141.0
154.0
168.0
9.0
218.0
243.0
270.0
3.1
97.0
105.0
113.0
6.6
164.0
180.0
198.0
5.6
143.0
156.0
171.0
9.1
221.0
246.0
273.0
3.2
99.0
107.0
115.0
6.7
166.0
182.0
200.0
3.3
101.0
109.0
117.0
6.8
168.0
185.0
203.0
3.4
102.0
110.0
119.0
6.9
170.0
187.0
206.0
3.5
104.0
112.0
121.0
7.0
172.0
190.0
209.0
3.6
106.0
114.0
124.0
7.1
175.0
192.0
212.0
3.7
108.0
116.0
126.0
7.2
177.0
195.0
214.0
3.8
109.0
118.0
128.0
7.3
179.0
197.0
217.0
3.9
111.0
120.0
130.0
7.4
181.0
200.0
220.0
4.0
113.0
122.0
133.0
7.5
184.0
202.0
223.0
4.1
115.0
124.0
135.0
7.6
186.0
205.0
226.0
Reference Manual 23
Fetal Growth Table
Biparietal Diameter (BPD) : HADLOCK
Chitty,L.S., Altman,D.G., Henderson,A., Campbell,S., “Charts of fetal size: 2. Head
measurements“ Br.J Obstet Gynaecol., Vol. 101, 1994, pages 35-43.
GA Table
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
“Hadlock,F.P., Deter,R.L., Harrist,R.B., Park,S.K., “Estimating fetal age: computer-assisted
analysis of multiple fetal growth parameters“, Radiology Vol. 152 No. 2, 1984, pages 497-501.“
12
1.550
1.970
2.390
28
6.740
7.340
7.930
GA = 9.54 + 1.482 × {OB_BPD} + 0.1676 × ({OB_BPD}2)
13
1.920
2.350
2.780
29
6.990
7.600
8.210
Output Unit: w (weeks)
14
2.290
2.730
3.170
30
7.240
7.860
8.470
Input Unit: cm
15
2.650
3.100
3.560
31
7.470
8.100
8.730
Min Range: 1.4cm
16
3.010
3.470
3.940
32
7.690
8.330
8.970
Max Range: 10.3cm
17
3.360
3.830
4.310
33
7.900
8.550
9.210
18
3.700
4.190
4.680
34
8.100
8.760
9.430
Fetal Growth Table
19
4.040
4.540
5.040
35
8.290
8.960
9.630
Hadlock F.P., Deter R.L.; Harrist R.B., Park S.K.
20
4.370
4.880
5.390
36
8.460
9.150
9.830
“Estimating Fetal Age: Computer-Assisted Analysis of Multiple Fetal Growth Parameters“
21
4.700
5.220
5.740
37
8.620
9.320
10.010
22
5.020
5.550
6.080
38
8.770
9.480
10.180
23
5.330
5.870
6.410
39
8.900
9.620
10.340
24
5.630
6.180
6.730
40
9.020
9.750
10.480
25
5.920
6.480
7.040
41
9.130
9.870
10.610
26
6.200
6.780
7.350
42
9.220
9.970
10.720
27
6.480
7.060
7.650
Radiology 1984; 152: 497-501
AC = -3.08 + 0.41 x {GA} - 0.000061 x {GA}3
Output Unit : cm
Input Unit: w (week)
Min Range: 12w
Max Range: 40w
Reference Manual 24
Biparietal Diameter (BPD) : HANSMANN
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
GA Table
4.8
126.0
136.0
146.0
8.7
212.0
233.0
253.0
“Hansmann, Hackeloer, Staudach, Wittmann “Ultrasound Diagnosis in Obstetrics and
Gynecology“ Springer-Verlag, New York, 1986. p.440-441“
4.9
127.0
138.0
148.0
8.8
217.0
236.0
255.0
5.0
130.0
140.0
148.0
8.9
221.0
240.0
259.0
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
5.1
133.0
143.0
153.0
9.0
224.0
243.0
262.0
5.2
135.0
145.0
155.0
9.1
225.0
246.0
271.0
2.9
86.0
94.0
101.0
6.8
171.0
181.0
191.0
5.3
136.0
147.0
158.0
9.2
233.0
251.0
275.0
3.0
89.0
96.0
103.0
6.9
174.0
183.0
193.0
5.4
140.0
150.0
160.0
9.3
236.0
257.0
278.0
3.1
90.0
98.0
106.0
7.0
175.0
185.0
195.0
5.5
142.0
152.0
161.0
9.4
243.0
262.0
281.0
3.2
93.0
100.0
108.0
7.1
177.0
187.0
199.0
5.6
145.0
154.0
163.0
9.5
247.0
269.0
287.0
3.3
94.0
102.0
111.0
7.2
179.0
190.0
200.0
5.7
147.0
156.0
165.0
9.6
247.0
272.0
290.0
3.4
96.0
105.0
114.0
7.3
182.0
192.0
205.0
5.8
150.0
159.0
167.0
9.7
251.0
273.0
294.0
3.5
99.0
107.0
115.0
7.4
183.0
195.0
207.0
5.9
151.0
161.0
171.0
9.8
255.0
275.0
294.0
3.6
101.0
109.0
118.0
7.5
185.0
197.0
209.0
6.0
153.0
163.0
172.0
9.9
256.0
276.0
298.0
3.7
104.0
112.0
120.0
7.6
187.0
200.0
212.0
6.1
155.0
165.0
175.0
10.0
257.0
277.0
296.0
3.8
105.0
114.0
123.0
7.7
190.0
202.0
215.0
6.2
158.0
168.0
178.0
10.1
260.0
278.0
298.0
3.9
108.0
116.0
125.0
7.8
191.0
205.0
220.0
6.3
160.0
170.0
179.0
10.2
260.0
279.0
296.0
4.0
110.0
119.0
127.0
7.9
192.0
208.0
224.0
6.4
162.0
172.0
182.0
10.3
261.0
280.0
296.0
4.1
112.0
121.0
130.0
8.0
195.0
210.0
225.0
6.5
165.0
174.0
184.0
10.4
262.0
281.0
296.0
4.2
115.0
123.0
132.0
8.1
198.0
213.0
228.0
6.6
167.0
176.0
187.0
10.5
265.0
282.0
296.0
4.3
116.0
125.0
134.0
8.2
202.0
217.0
232.0
6.7
169.0
178.0
190.0
4.4
118.0
127.0
136.0
8.3
203.0
219.0
236.0
4.5
121.0
130.0
139.0
8.4
206.0
223.0
240.0
4.6
123.0
132.0
141.0
8.5
209.0
226.0
242.0
4.7
125.0
134.0
144.0
8.6
211.0
229.0
246.0
Reference Manual 25
Fetal Growth Table
Biparietal Diameter (BPD) : JEANTY
Hansmann, Hackelöer, Staudach, (Wittmann) “Ultrasound Diagnosis in Obstetrics and
Gynecology“ Springer-Verlag, New York, 1986. p.432
GA Table
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
12
2.000
2.000
2.000
27
6.600
7.100
7.700
13
1.900
2.400
2.900
28
6.800
7.400
8.000
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
14
2.300
2.800
3.200
29
7.100
7.700
8.300
1.0
46.0
64.0
83.0
5.3
130.0
148.0
167.0
15
2.700
3.200
3.500
30
7.300
8.000
8.600
1.1
48.0
67.0
85.0
5.4
132.0
151.0
169.0
16
3.100
3.500
3.900
31
7.500
8.200
8.800
1.2
49.0
68.0
87.0
5.5
134.0
153.0
172.0
17
3.400
3.800
4.200
32
7.800
8.500
9.100
1.3
51.0
70.0
89.0
5.6
137.0
155.0
174.0
18
3.800
4.200
4.600
33
8.000
8.700
9.300
1.4
53.0
72.0
90.0
5.7
139.0
158.0
176.0
19
4.100
4.600
5.000
34
8.200
8.900
9.500
1.5
55.0
74.0
92.0
5.8
141.0
160.0
179.0
20
4.400
4.900
5.300
35
8.400
9.100
9.700
1.6
57.0
76.0
94.0
5.9
144.0
162.0
181.0
21
4.800
5.200
5.700
36
8.600
9.300
9.900
1.7
59.0
78.0
96.0
6.0
146.0
165.0
183.0
22
5.100
5.600
6.000
37
8.800
9.500
10.100
1.8
60.0
79.0
98.0
6.1
148.0
167.0
186.0
23
5.400
5.900
6.400
38
8.900
9.600
10.200
1.9
62.0
81.0
99.0
6.2
151.0
169.0
188.0
24
5.700
6.200
6.700
39
9.000
9.800
10.400
2.0
64.0
83.0
102.0
6.3
153.0
172.0
190.0
25
6.000
6.500
7.100
40
9.200
9.900
10.500
2.1
66.0
85.0
104.0
6.4
155.0
174.0
193.0
26
6.300
6.800
7.400
41
9.300
10.000
10.600
2.2
68.0
87.0
105.0
6.5
158.0
177.0
195.0
2.3
69.0
88.0
107.0
6.6
160.0
179.0
198.0
2.4
71.0
90.0
109.0
6.7
163.0
182.0
200.0
2.5
74.0
92.0
111.0
6.8
166.0
185.0
203.0
2.6
75.0
94.0
113.0
6.9
168.0
187.0
206.0
2.7
77.0
96.0
115.0
7.0
171.0
190.0
209.0
2.8
79.0
98.0
116.0
7.1
174.0
193.0
211.0
“Jeanty P., Romero R. “Obstetrical Ultrasound“ McGraw-Hill Book Company, pages 57-61,
1984.“
Reference Manual 26
Biparietal Diameter (BPD) : JOHNSEN
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
2.9
81.0
99.0
118.0
7.2
176.0
195.0
214.0
GA Table
3.0
83.0
102.0
120.0
7.3
179.0
198.0
216.0
3.1
85.0
104.0
122.0
7.4
182.0
201.0
219.0
3.2
86.0
106.0
124.0
7.5
185.0
204.0
222.0
“Johnsen,S.L., Rasmussen,S., Sollien,R., Kiserud,T., “Fetal age assessment based on ultrasound
head biometry and the effect of maternal and fetal factors“, Acta Obstet Gynecol.Scand. Vol.
83 No. 8, 2004, pages 716-723.“
3.3
88.0
107.0
126.0
7.6
188.0
207.0
225.0
3.4
90.0
109.0
128.0
7.7
190.0
209.0
3.5
92.0
111.0
130.0
7.8
193.0
212.0
3.6
95.0
113.0
132.0
7.9
196.0
3.7
96.0
115.0
134.0
8.0
200.0
228.0
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
231.0
1.4
69.0
73.0
76.0
3.8
111.0
117.0
123.0
215.0
234.0
1.5
71.0
75.0
79.0
3.9
113.0
119.0
125.0
218.0
237.0
1.6
73.0
76.0
80.0
4.0
115.0
121.0
127.0
74.0
78.0
82.0
4.1
117.0
123.0
129.0
3.8
98.0
117.0
136.0
8.1
202.0
221.0
240.0
1.7
3.9
100.0
119.0
138.0
8.2
205.0
224.0
243.0
1.8
76.0
80.0
84.0
4.2
119.0
125.0
131.0
78.0
82.0
86.0
4.3
121.0
127.0
134.0
4.0
102.0
121.0
139.0
8.3
209.0
228.0
246.0
1.9
4.1
104.0
123.0
141.0
8.4
211.0
230.0
249.0
2.0
79.0
84.0
88.0
4.4
123.0
129.0
136.0
81.0
86.0
90.0
4.5
125.0
131.0
138.0
4.2
106.0
125.0
144.0
8.5
215.0
234.0
252.0
2.1
4.3
108.0
127.0
146.0
8.6
218.0
237.0
256.0
2.2
83.0
87.0
92.0
4.6
127.0
133.0
140.0
85.0
89.0
94.0
4.7
129.0
136.0
143.0
4.4
110.0
129.0
148.0
8.7
221.0
240.0
259.0
2.3
4.5
112.0
131.0
150.0
8.8
225.0
244.0
262.0
2.4
86.0
91.0
96.0
4.8
131.0
138.0
145.0
4.6
114.0
133.0
152.0
8.9
228.0
247.0
265.0
2.5
88.0
93.0
98.0
4.9
133.0
140.0
147.0
90.0
94.0
99.0
5.0
135.0
142.0
150.0
4.7
116.0
135.0
154.0
9.0
231.0
250.0
269.0
2.6
4.8
118.0
137.0
156.0
9.1
235.0
253.0
272.0
2.7
91.0
96.0
101.0
5.1
137.0
144.0
152.0
93.0
98.0
103.0
5.2
140.0
147.0
154.0
4.9
120.0
139.0
158.0
9.2
238.0
257.0
276.0
2.8
5.0
123.0
142.0
160.0
9.3
242.0
260.0
279.0
2.9
95.0
100.0
105.0
5.3
142.0
149.0
157.0
97.0
102.0
107.0
5.4
144.0
151.0
159.0
5.1
125.0
144.0
162.0
9.4
245.0
264.0
283.0
3.0
5.2
127.0
146.0
165.0
9.5
249.0
268.0
286.0
3.1
98.0
104.0
109.0
5.5
146.0
154.0
162.0
3.2
100.0
105.0
111.0
5.6
149.0
156.0
164.0
Reference Manual 27
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
SD
(day)
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
SD
(day)
3.3
102.0
107.0
113.0
5.7
151.0
159.0
167.0
2.3
87.0
92.0
97.0
5.0
6.2
167.0
176.0
185.0
9.0
3.4
104.0
109.0
115.0
5.8
153.0
161.0
169.0
2.4
89.0
94.0
99.0
5.0
6.3
169.0
178.0
187.0
9.0
3.5
106.0
111.0
117.0
5.9
156.0
164.0
172.0
2.5
91.0
96.0
101.0
5.0
6.4
171.0
180.0
189.0
9.0
3.6
107.0
113.0
119.0
6.0
158.0
166.0
175.0
2.6
93.0
98.0
103.0
5.0
6.5
174.0
183.0
192.0
9.0
3.7
109.0
115.0
121.0
2.7
95.0
100.0
105.0
5.0
6.6
175.0
185.0
195.0
10.0
Biparietal Diameter (BPD) : JSUM
2.8
97.0
102.0
107.0
5.0
6.7
178.0
188.0
198.0
10.0
2.9
99.0
104.0
109.0
5.0
6.8
181.0
191.0
201.0
10.0
3.0
101.0
106.0
111.0
5.0
6.9
183.0
193.0
203.0
10.0
GA Table
3.1
103.0
108.0
113.0
5.0
7.0
186.0
196.0
206.0
10.0
“Takashi Okai, Chairman of JSUM, Ultrasound Diagnostic standard & language committee
Ultrasound Fetal measurement standardization & Japanese standard proposals J Med
Ultrasonics Vol. 28 No.5 (2001)“
3.2
105.0
110.0
115.0
5.0
7.1
189.0
199.0
209.0
10.0
3.3
107.0
112.0
117.0
5.0
7.2
190.0
201.0
212.0
11.0
3.4
109.0
114.0
119.0
5.0
7.3
193.0
204.0
215.0
11.0
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
SD
(day)
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
SD
(day)
1.3
67.0
71.0
75.0
4.0
5.2
146.0
153.0
160.0
7.0
1.4
69.0
73.0
77.0
4.0
5.3
147.0
155.0
163.0
8.0
1.5
71.0
75.0
79.0
4.0
5.4
149.0
157.0
165.0
8.0
1.6
73.0
77.0
81.0
4.0
5.5
151.0
159.0
167.0
8.0
1.7
75.0
79.0
83.0
4.0
5.6
154.0
162.0
170.0
8.0
1.8
77.0
81.0
85.0
4.0
5.7
156.0
164.0
172.0
8.0
1.9
79.0
83.0
87.0
4.0
5.8
158.0
166.0
174.0
8.0
2.0
81.0
85.0
89.0
4.0
5.9
161.0
169.0
177.0
8.0
2.1
83.0
87.0
91.0
4.0
6.0
162.0
171.0
180.0
9.0
2.2
86.0
90.0
94.0
4.0
6.1
164.0
173.0
182.0
9.0
3.5
111.0
116.0
121.0
5.0
7.4
196.0
207.0
218.0
11.0
3.6
112.0
118.0
124.0
6.0
7.5
199.0
210.0
221.0
11.0
3.7
114.0
120.0
126.0
6.0
7.6
202.0
213.0
224.0
11.0
3.8
117.0
123.0
129.0
6.0
7.7
204.0
216.0
228.0
12.0
3.9
119.0
125.0
131.0
6.0
7.8
207.0
219.0
231.0
12.0
4.0
121.0
127.0
133.0
6.0
7.9
210.0
222.0
234.0
12.0
4.1
123.0
129.0
135.0
6.0
8.0
213.0
225.0
237.0
12.0
4.2
125.0
131.0
137.0
6.0
8.1
217.0
229.0
241.0
12.0
4.3
127.0
133.0
139.0
6.0
8.2
219.0
232.0
245.0
13.0
4.4
129.0
135.0
141.0
6.0
8.3
223.0
236.0
249.0
13.0
4.5
131.0
137.0
143.0
6.0
8.4
227.0
240.0
253.0
13.0
Reference Manual 28
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
SD
(day)
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
SD
(day)
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
4.6
133.0
140.0
147.0
7.0
8.5
231.0
244.0
257.0
13.0
22
4.820
5.260
5.700
38
8.380
8.960
9.540
4.7
135.0
142.0
149.0
7.0
8.6
234.0
248.0
262.0
14.0
23
5.120
5.570
6.020
39
8.480
9.060
9.650
5.420
5.880
6.340
40
8.560
9.150
9.740
4.8
137.0
144.0
151.0
7.0
8.7
238.0
252.0
266.0
14.0
24
4.9
139.0
146.0
153.0
7.0
8.8
243.0
257.0
271.0
14.0
25
5.700
6.170
6.640
41
8.620
9.220
9.820
26
5.980
6.460
6.940
42
8.650
9.260
9.870
5.0
141.0
148.0
155.0
7.0
8.9
249.0
263.0
277.0
14.0
5.1
143.0
150.0
157.0
7.0
9.0
254.0
269.0
284.0
15.0
Biparietal Diameter (BPD) : KURMANAVICIUS
Fetal Growth Table
Takashi Okai, Chairman of JSUM, Ultrasound Diagnostic standard & language committee
Ultrasound Fetal measurement standardization & Japanese standard proposals J Med
Ultrasonics Vol. 28 No.5 (2001)
Fetal Growth Table
Standard-Tabellen und Kurven für Ultraschall-/Dopplersonografie, Dept. Frauenheilkunde
Klinik und Poliklinik für Geburtshilfe; Copyright (1997) J. Kurmanavicius et al Prof. Dr. A. Huch
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
11
1.240
1.590
1.940
27
6.260
6.740
7.220
12
1.700
2.100
2.500
28
6.920
7.490
8.070
12
1.570
1.930
2.290
28
6.520
7.010
7.500
13
2.080
2.490
2.900
29
7.170
7.760
8.340
2.450
2.870
3.290
30
7.410
8.010
8.600
13
1.900
2.270
2.640
29
6.760
7.260
7.760
14
14
2.230
2.610
2.990
30
7.000
7.510
8.020
15
2.820
3.250
3.680
31
7.640
8.250
8.850
15
2.560
2.950
3.340
31
7.220
7.740
8.260
16
3.180
3.620
4.060
32
7.860
8.470
9.090
16
2.900
3.290
3.680
32
7.430
7.960
8.490
17
3.530
3.990
4.440
33
8.060
8.690
9.310
17
3.230
3.630
4.030
33
7.630
8.170
8.710
18
3.880
4.350
4.810
34
8.250
8.890
9.530
18
3.550
3.960
4.370
34
7.820
8.360
8.900
19
4.220
4.700
5.170
35
8.430
9.080
9.730
19
3.880
4.300
4.720
35
7.980
8.530
9.080
20
4.560
5.040
5.530
36
8.600
9.260
9.910
4.880
5.380
5.880
37
8.750
9.420
10.090
5.200
5.710
6.220
38
8.890
9.570
10.250
20
4.190
4.620
5.050
36
8.130
8.690
9.250
21
21
4.520
4.950
5.390
37
8.260
8.830
9.400
22
Reference Manual 29
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(mm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
Meas
(mm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
23
5.510
6.030
6.550
39
9.010
9.700
10.390
30.0
98.7
103.6
108.5
70.0
184.1
192.5
200.9
24
5.810
6.340
6.870
40
9.120
9.820
10.520
31.0
100.1
105.7
111.3
71.0
186.9
195.3
203.7
25
6.110
6.650
7.190
41
9.210
9.920
10.630
32.0
101.5
107.1
112.7
72.0
190.4
198.1
205.8
26
6.390
6.940
7.490
42
9.290
10.010
10.730
33.0
102.9
109.2
115.5
73.0
193.2
200.9
208.6
27
6.660
7.220
7.780
34.0
105.0
111.3
117.6
74.0
196.7
203.7
210.7
Biparietal Diameter (BPD) : KURTZ
GA Table
35.0
106.4
113.4
120.4
75.0
199.5
206.5
213.5
36.0
107.8
114.8
121.8
76.0
203.0
210.0
217.0
37.0
109.2
116.9
124.6
77.0
204.4
212.1
219.8
38.0
111.3
119.0
126.7
78.0
207.2
215.6
224.0
39.0
112.7
121.1
129.5
79.0
209.3
218.4
227.5
“Kurtz A.B., Wapner R.J., Kurtz R.J., Dershaw D., Rubin C.S., Cole-Beuglet C., Goldberg B.B,
“Analysis of Biparietal Diameter as an Accurate Indicator of Gestational Age“
40.0
114.8
123.2
131.6
80.0
211.4
221.2
231.0
J Clin Ultrasound 8:319-326; August 1980“
41.0
115.5
125.3
135.1
81.0
214.9
224.7
234.5
42.0
116.2
127.4
138.6
82.0
218.4
228.2
238.0
43.0
117.6
129.5
141.4
83.0
220.5
231.0
241.5
118.3
131.6
144.9
84.0
223.3
234.5
245.7
119.0
133.7
148.4
85.0
226.1
238.0
249.9
Meas
(mm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
Meas
(mm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
20.0
84.0
84.0
84.0
60.0
156.1
167.3
178.5
44.0
45.0
21.0
84.0
84.0
84.0
61.0
158.2
169.4
180.6
22.0
85.4
88.9
92.4
62.0
161.7
172.2
182.7
46.0
121.8
135.8
149.8
86.0
229.6
241.5
253.4
124.6
137.9
151.2
87.0
233.8
245.0
256.2
127.4
140.0
152.6
88.0
237.3
248.5
259.7
23.0
86.8
91.0
95.2
63.0
163.8
174.3
184.8
47.0
24.0
88.2
92.4
96.6
64.0
166.6
177.1
187.6
48.0
25.0
90.3
94.5
98.7
65.0
168.7
179.2
189.7
49.0
130.2
142.1
154.0
89.0
242.2
252.7
263.2
50.0
133.0
144.2
155.4
90.0
245.7
256.2
266.7
26.0
91.7
95.9
100.1
66.0
171.5
182.0
192.5
27.0
93.8
98.0
102.2
67.0
175.0
184.8
194.6
51.0
135.1
146.3
157.5
91.0
251.3
260.4
269.5
136.5
148.4
160.3
92.0
256.9
264.6
272.3
138.6
150.5
162.4
93.0
261.1
268.1
275.1
28.0
95.2
100.1
105.0
68.0
177.1
186.9
196.7
52.0
29.0
97.3
101.85
106.4
69.0
180.6
189.7
198.8
53.0
Reference Manual 30
Meas
(mm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
Meas
(mm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
54.0
140.7
153.3
165.9
94.0
265.3
273.0
280.7
3.1
93.0
104.0
116.0
7.2
179.0
193.0
208.0
55.0
142.8
155.4
168.0
95.0
269.5
277.9
286.3
3.2
95.0
106.0
118.0
7.3
181.0
195.0
210.0
56.0
144.9
157.5
170.1
96.0
273.7
282.1
290.5
3.3
97.0
108.0
119.0
7.4
183.0
198.0
213.0
57.0
147.7
159.6
171.5
97.0
279.3
287.0
294.7
3.4
98.0
110.0
122.0
7.5
186.0
200.0
215.0
58.0
150.5
162.4
174.3
98.0
283.5
292.6
301.7
3.5
100.0
112.0
124.0
7.6
188.0
203.0
218.0
59.0
153.3
164.5
175.7
3.6
102.0
114.0
126.0
7.7
190.0
206.0
221.0
3.7
104.0
116.0
127.0
7.8
193.0
209.0
224.0
3.8
106.0
118.0
130.0
7.9
195.0
211.0
226.0
3.9
108.0
120.0
132.0
8.0
198.0
214.0
229.0
4.0
110.0
122.0
134.0
8.1
201.0
216.0
232.0
4.1
111.0
124.0
137.0
8.2
204.0
219.0
235.0
4.2
113.0
126.0
139.0
8.3
207.0
222.0
237.0
4.3
116.0
128.0
141.0
8.4
209.0
225.0
240.0
4.4
118.0
130.0
143.0
8.5
212.0
228.0
243.0
4.5
120.0
132.0
145.0
8.6
215.0
230.0
246.0
4.6
122.0
134.0
147.0
8.7
217.0
233.0
249.0
4.7
123.0
136.0
148.0
8.8
221.0
237.0
253.0
4.8
125.0
138.0
151.0
8.9
223.0
239.0
256.0
4.9
127.0
140.0
153.0
9.0
226.0
242.0
258.0
5.0
130.0
143.0
155.0
9.1
230.0
246.0
262.0
5.1
132.0
145.0
158.0
9.2
232.0
249.0
265.0
5.2
134.0
147.0
160.0
9.3
235.0
251.0
267.0
5.3
136.0
149.0
162.0
9.4
238.0
255.0
272.0
5.4
138.0
151.0
165.0
9.5
242.0
258.0
275.0
Biparietal Diameter (BPD) : MERZ
GA Table
E. Merz, W. Goldhofer, E. Timor-Tritsch “Ultrasound in Gynecology and Obstetrics“ Textbook
and Atlas, 1991 Georg Thieme Verlag, pp.326
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
2.1
75.0
85.0
96.0
6.2
155.0
169.0
183.0
2.2
76.0
87.0
97.0
6.3
158.0
172.0
186.0
2.3
78.0
89.0
99.0
6.4
160.0
174.0
188.0
2.4
81.0
91.0
102.0
6.5
162.0
176.0
190.0
2.5
82.0
92.0
103.0
6.6
165.0
179.0
193.0
2.6
84.0
95.0
105.0
6.7
167.0
181.0
195.0
2.7
85.0
97.0
108.0
6.8
169.0
183.0
198.0
2.8
88.0
99.0
110.0
6.9
171.0
186.0
200.0
2.9
89.0
100.0
111.0
7.0
173.0
188.0
202.0
3.0
91.0
102.0
113.0
7.1
176.0
190.0
205.0
Reference Manual 31
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
5.5
140.0
153.0
167.0
9.6
244.0
261.0
278.0
119
3.500
3.900
4.300
224
7.900
8.500
9.000
5.6
142.0
155.0
169.0
9.7
248.0
265.0
281.0
123
3.600
4.000
4.500
228
8.000
8.600
9.100
5.7
144.0
158.0
171.0
9.8
251.0
268.0
285.0
126
3.800
4.200
4.600
231
8.100
8.700
9.200
5.8
146.0
160.0
173.0
9.9
255.0
272.0
288.0
130
4.000
4.400
4.800
235
8.200
8.800
9.300
5.9
148.0
162.0
176.0
10.0
258.0
275.0
293.0
133
4.100
4.600
5.000
238
8.300
8.900
9.500
6.0
151.0
165.0
179.0
10.1
261.0
279.0
296.0
137
4.300
4.700
5.200
242
8.400
9.000
9.600
6.1
153.0
167.0
181.0
10.2
265.0
282.0
300.0
140
4.500
4.900
5.300
245
8.500
9.100
9.700
Fetal Growth Table
Merz E., Wellek S.
“Normal Fetal Development Profiles - A Model to obtain Standard Development Graphs for
the Head and Abdominal Parameters and the Long Limb Bones“ Ultraschall in der Medizin
17 (1996) 153-162
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
144
4.600
5.100
5.500
249
8.600
9.200
9.700
147
4.800
5.200
5.700
252
8.700
9.200
9.800
151
4.900
5.400
5.900
256
8.700
9.300
9.900
154
5.100
5.600
6.000
259
8.800
9.400
10.000
158
5.300
5.700
6.200
263
8.900
9.500
10.100
161
5.400
5.900
6.400
266
8.900
9.500
10.100
165
5.600
6.100
6.500
270
9.000
9.600
10.200
168
5.700
6.200
6.700
273
9.000
9.600
10.300
5.900
6.400
6.900
277
9.100
9.700
10.300
88
2.100
2.500
2.900
193
6.800
7.300
7.800
172
91
2.300
2.600
3.000
196
6.900
7.400
7.900
175
6.100
6.500
7.000
280
9.100
9.700
10.300
6.200
6.700
7.200
284
9.100
9.700
10.400
95
2.400
2.800
3.100
200
7.100
7.600
8.100
179
98
2.500
2.900
3.300
203
7.200
7.700
8.200
182
6.400
6.800
7.300
287
9.100
9.800
10.400
291
9.200
9.800
10.400
102
2.700
3.100
3.500
207
7.300
7.800
8.400
186
6.500
7.000
7.500
105
2.800
3.200
3.600
210
7.400
8.000
8.500
189
6.600
7.100
7.700
109
3.000
3.400
3.800
214
7.600
8.100
8.600
112
3.100
3.500
3.900
217
7.700
8.200
8.800
116
3.300
3.700
4.100
221
7.800
8.300
8.900
Reference Manual 32
Biparietal Diameter (BPD) : NICOLAIDES
Biparietal Diameter (BPD) : OSAKA
Fetal Growth Table
GA Table
R. J. M. Snijders and K. H. Nicolaides; “Fetal biometry at 14-40 weeks’ gestation“ Ultrasound
Obstet. Gynecol. 4 (1994) 34-48
Perinatal care Vol. 9 No. 5
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
14
2.800
3.100
3.400
27
6.600
7.200
7.800
15
3.100
3.400
3.700
28
6.900
7.500
8.100
16
3.400
3.700
4.000
29
7.200
7.800
8.500
Meas (cm)
Mean (day)
Meas (cm)
Mean (day)
Meas (cm)
Mean (day)
1.33
70.0
4.9
141.0
7.78
211.0
1.38
71.0
4.94
142.0
7.81
212.0
1.44
72.0
4.99
143.0
7.85
213.0
1.5
73.0
5.03
144.0
7.88
214.0
74.0
5.08
145.0
7.92
215.0
17
3.600
4.000
4.300
30
7.400
8.100
8.800
1.55
18
3.900
4.300
4.700
31
7.700
8.300
9.000
1.61
75.0
5.12
146.0
7.95
216.0
19
4.200
4.600
5.000
32
7.900
8.600
9.300
1.66
76.0
5.17
147.0
7.98
217.0
20
4.500
4.900
5.400
33
8.100
8.800
9.600
1.72
77.0
5.21
148.0
8.02
218.0
78.0
5.26
149.0
8.05
219.0
79.0
5.3
150.0
8.08
220.0
21
4.800
5.200
5.700
34
8.300
9.000
9.800
1.77
22
5.100
5.600
6.100
35
8.500
9.200
10.000
1.83
23
5.400
5.900
6.400
36
8.600
9.400
10.200
1.88
80.0
5.35
151.0
8.12
221.0
24
5.700
6.200
6.800
37
8.700
9.500
10.300
1.93
81.0
5.39
152.0
8.15
222.0
25
6.000
6.600
7.100
38
8.800
9.600
10.400
1.99
82.0
5.44
153.0
8.18
223.0
26
6.300
6.900
7.500
39
8.900
9.700
10.500
2.04
83.0
5.48
154.0
8.21
224.0
2.09
84.0
5.52
155.0
8.24
225.0
2.15
85.0
5.57
156.0
8.27
226.0
2.2
86.0
5.61
157.0
8.31
227.0
2.25
87.0
5.66
158.0
8.34
228.0
2.31
88.0
5.7
159.0
8.37
229.0
2.36
89.0
5.74
160.0
8.4
230.0
Reference Manual 33
Meas (cm)
Mean (day)
Meas (cm)
Mean (day)
Meas (cm)
Mean (day)
Meas (cm)
Mean (day)
Meas (cm)
Mean (day)
Meas (cm)
Mean (day)
2.41
90.0
5.79
161.0
8.43
231.0
3.67
115.0
6.84
186.0
9.04
256.0
2.46
91.0
5.83
162.0
8.46
232.0
3.72
116.0
6.88
187.0
9.06
257.0
2.52
92.0
5.87
163.0
8.48
233.0
3.77
117.0
6.92
188.0
9.08
258.0
2.57
93.0
5.92
164.0
8.51
234.0
3.81
118.0
6.95
189.0
9.1
259.0
2.62
94.0
5.96
165.0
8.54
235.0
3.86
119.0
6.99
190.0
9.12
260.0
2.67
95.0
6.0
166.0
8.57
236.0
3.91
120.0
7.03
191.0
9.14
261.0
2.72
96.0
6.05
167.0
8.6
237.0
3.96
121.0
7.07
192.0
9.15
262.0
2.77
97.0
6.09
168.0
8.62
238.0
4.01
122.0
7.11
193.0
9.17
263.0
2.82
98.0
6.13
169.0
8.65
239.0
4.05
123.0
7.15
194.0
9.18
264.0
2.87
99.0
6.17
170.0
8.68
240.0
4.1
124.0
7.19
195.0
9.2
265.0
2.93
100.0
6.22
171.0
8.7
241.0
4.15
125.0
7.23
196.0
9.21
266.0
2.98
101.0
6.26
172.0
8.73
242.0
4.2
126.0
7.27
197.0
9.23
267.0
3.03
102.0
6.3
173.0
8.75
243.0
4.24
127.0
7.3
198.0
9.24
268.0
3.08
103.0
6.34
174.0
8.78
244.0
4.29
128.0
7.34
199.0
9.26
269.0
3.13
104.0
6.39
175.0
8.8
245.0
4.34
129.0
7.38
200.0
9.27
270.0
3.18
105.0
6.43
176.0
8.83
246.0
4.39
130.0
7.42
201.0
9.28
271.0
3.23
106.0
6.47
177.0
8.85
247.0
4.43
131.0
7.45
202.0
9.29
272.0
3.28
107.0
6.51
178.0
8.87
248.0
4.48
132.0
7.49
203.0
9.3
273.0
3.33
108.0
6.55
179.0
8.9
249.0
4.53
133.0
7.53
204.0
9.31
274.0
3.38
109.0
6.59
180.0
8.92
250.0
4.57
134.0
7.56
205.0
9.32
275.0
3.42
110.0
6.63
181.0
8.94
251.0
4.62
135.0
7.6
206.0
9.33
276.0
3.47
111.0
6.67
182.0
8.96
252.0
4.67
136.0
7.64
207.0
9.34
277.0
3.52
112.0
6.71
183.0
8.98
253.0
4.71
137.0
7.67
208.0
9.35
278.0
3.57
113.0
6.75
184.0
9.0
254.0
4.76
138.0
7.71
209.0
9.36
279.0
3.62
114.0
6.8
185.0
9.02
255.0
4.85
140.0
7.74
210.0
9.36
280.0
Reference Manual 34
Fetal Growth Table
Perinatal care Vol. 9 No. 5
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
92
2.190
2.520
2.850
198
6.790
7.300
7.810
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
93
2.240
2.570
2.900
199
6.830
7.340
7.850
70
1.045
1.330
1.615
176
5.950
6.430
6.910
94
2.290
2.620
2.950
200
6.855
7.380
7.905
71
1.095
1.380
1.665
177
5.975
6.470
6.965
95
2.325
2.670
3.015
201
6.895
7.420
7.945
2.375
2.720
3.065
202
6.925
7.450
7.975
72
1.155
1.440
1.725
178
6.015
6.510
7.005
96
73
1.215
1.500
1.785
179
6.055
6.550
7.045
97
2.425
2.770
3.115
203
6.965
7.490
8.015
98
2.475
2.820
3.165
204
7.005
7.530
8.055
74
1.265
1.550
1.835
180
6.095
6.590
7.085
75
1.325
1.610
1.895
181
6.135
6.630
7.125
99
2.525
2.870
3.215
205
7.035
7.560
8.085
2.585
2.930
3.275
206
7.075
7.600
8.125
2.635
2.980
3.325
207
7.115
7.640
8.165
76
1.360
1.660
1.960
182
6.175
6.670
7.165
100
77
1.420
1.720
2.020
183
6.215
6.710
7.205
101
78
1.470
1.770
2.070
184
6.255
6.750
7.245
102
2.670
3.030
3.390
208
7.145
7.670
8.195
79
1.530
1.830
2.130
185
6.305
6.800
7.295
103
2.720
3.080
3.440
209
7.185
7.710
8.235
80
1.580
1.880
2.180
186
6.345
6.840
7.335
104
2.770
3.130
3.490
210
7.215
7.740
8.265
105
2.820
3.180
3.540
211
7.255
7.780
8.305
81
1.630
1.930
2.230
187
6.385
6.880
7.375
82
1.675
1.990
2.305
188
6.410
6.920
7.430
106
2.870
3.230
3.590
212
7.285
7.810
8.335
107
2.920
3.280
3.640
213
7.310
7.850
8.390
83
1.725
2.040
2.355
189
6.440
6.950
7.460
84
1.775
2.090
2.405
190
6.480
6.990
7.500
108
2.970
3.330
3.690
214
7.340
7.880
8.420
3.005
3.380
3.755
215
7.380
7.920
8.460
3.045
3.420
3.795
216
7.410
7.950
8.490
85
1.835
2.150
2.465
191
6.520
7.030
7.540
109
86
1.885
2.200
2.515
192
6.560
7.070
7.580
110
87
1.935
2.250
2.565
193
6.600
7.110
7.620
111
3.095
3.470
3.845
217
7.440
7.980
8.520
112
3.145
3.520
3.895
218
7.480
8.020
8.560
88
1.995
2.310
2.625
194
6.640
7.150
7.660
89
2.030
2.360
2.690
195
6.680
7.190
7.700
113
3.195
3.570
3.945
219
7.510
8.050
8.590
3.245
3.620
3.995
220
7.540
8.080
8.620
3.295
3.670
4.045
221
7.580
8.120
8.660
90
2.080
2.410
2.740
196
6.720
7.230
7.740
114
91
2.130
2.460
2.790
197
6.760
7.270
7.780
115
Reference Manual 35
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
116
3.345
3.720
4.095
222
7.610
8.150
8.690
140
4.415
4.850
5.285
246
8.260
8.830
9.400
117
3.380
3.770
4.160
223
7.640
8.180
8.720
141
4.465
4.900
5.335
247
8.280
8.850
9.420
118
3.420
3.810
4.200
224
7.670
8.210
8.750
142
4.505
4.940
5.375
248
8.300
8.870
9.440
119
3.470
3.860
4.250
225
7.700
8.240
8.780
143
4.555
4.990
5.425
249
8.330
8.900
9.470
120
3.520
3.910
4.300
226
7.730
8.270
8.810
144
4.595
5.030
5.465
250
8.350
8.920
9.490
121
3.570
3.960
4.350
227
7.770
8.310
8.850
145
4.645
5.080
5.515
251
8.370
8.940
9.510
122
3.620
4.010
4.400
228
7.785
8.340
8.895
146
4.685
5.120
5.555
252
8.390
8.960
9.530
123
3.660
4.050
4.440
229
7.815
8.370
8.925
147
4.735
5.170
5.605
253
8.410
8.980
9.550
124
3.695
4.100
4.505
230
7.845
8.400
8.955
148
4.775
5.210
5.645
254
8.430
9.000
9.570
125
3.745
4.150
4.555
231
7.875
8.430
8.985
149
4.810
5.260
5.710
255
8.450
9.020
9.590
126
3.795
4.200
4.605
232
7.905
8.460
9.015
150
4.850
5.300
5.750
256
8.470
9.040
9.610
127
3.835
4.240
4.645
233
7.925
8.480
9.035
151
4.900
5.350
5.800
257
8.490
9.060
9.630
128
3.885
4.290
4.695
234
7.955
8.510
9.065
152
4.940
5.390
5.840
258
8.510
9.080
9.650
129
3.935
4.340
4.745
235
7.985
8.540
9.095
153
4.990
5.440
5.890
259
8.530
9.100
9.670
130
3.985
4.390
4.795
236
8.015
8.570
9.125
154
5.030
5.480
5.930
260
8.550
9.120
9.690
131
4.025
4.430
4.835
237
8.045
8.600
9.155
155
5.070
5.520
5.970
261
8.570
9.140
9.710
132
4.060
4.480
4.900
238
8.065
8.620
9.175
156
5.120
5.570
6.020
262
8.580
9.150
9.720
133
4.110
4.530
4.950
239
8.095
8.650
9.205
157
5.160
5.610
6.060
263
8.600
9.170
9.740
134
4.150
4.570
4.990
240
8.125
8.680
9.235
158
5.195
5.660
6.125
264
8.610
9.180
9.750
135
4.200
4.620
5.040
241
8.145
8.700
9.255
159
5.235
5.700
6.165
265
8.630
9.200
9.770
136
4.250
4.670
5.090
242
8.175
8.730
9.285
160
5.275
5.740
6.205
266
8.640
9.210
9.780
137
4.290
4.710
5.130
243
8.195
8.750
9.305
161
5.325
5.790
6.255
267
8.660
9.230
9.800
138
4.340
4.760
5.180
244
8.225
8.780
9.335
162
5.365
5.830
6.295
268
8.670
9.240
9.810
139
4.380
4.800
5.220
245
8.245
8.800
9.355
163
5.405
5.870
6.335
269
8.675
9.260
9.845
Reference Manual 36
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
164
5.455
5.920
6.385
270
8.685
9.270
9.855
0.6
49.0
54.0
60.0
1.6
67.0
74.0
82.0
165
5.495
5.960
6.425
271
8.695
9.280
9.865
0.7
51.0
56.0
62.0
1.7
69.0
76.0
84.0
166
5.535
6.000
6.465
272
8.705
9.290
9.875
0.8
53.0
58.0
64.0
1.8
71.0
78.0
86.0
167
5.570
6.050
6.530
273
8.715
9.300
9.885
0.9
55.0
60.0
66.0
1.9
73.0
80.0
88.0
168
5.610
6.090
6.570
274
8.725
9.310
9.895
1.0
57.0
62.0
68.0
2.0
75.0
82.0
91.0
169
5.650
6.130
6.610
275
8.735
9.320
9.905
1.1
58.0
64.0
71.0
2.1
77.0
85.0
93.0
170
5.690
6.170
6.650
276
8.745
9.330
9.915
1.2
60.0
66.0
73.0
2.2
79.0
87.0
96.0
171
5.740
6.220
6.700
277
8.755
9.340
9.925
172
5.780
6.260
6.740
278
8.765
9.350
9.935
173
5.820
6.300
6.780
279
8.775
9.360
9.945
280
8.775
9.360
9.945
174
5.860
6.340
6.820
175
5.910
6.390
6.870
Biparietal Diameter (BPD) : SABBAGHA
GA Table
“Sabbagha R.E., Barton B.A., Barton F.B., Kingas E., Orgill J., Turner J.H.
“Sonar biparietal diameter II. Predictive of three fetal growth patterns leading to a closer
assessment of gestational age and neonatal weight“
Biparietal Diameter (BPD) : REMPEN
American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology; October 15; 1976; pp.485-490“
GA Table
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
“Standards zur Ultraschalluntersuchung in der Frühschwangerschaft“;
3.5
107.0
112.0
121.0
6.6
166.0
182.0
194.0
publiziert in: Der Frauenarzt 42 (2001) 327 ff.“
3.6
107.0
114.0
126.0
6.7
168.0
184.0
196.0
3.7
112.0
117.0
133.0
6.8
170.0
187.0
198.0
3.8
112.0
119.0
133.0
6.9
173.0
189.0
203.0
“Rempen, A. Chaoui, R. Kozlowski, P. Häusler, M. Terinde, R. Wisse
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
0.3
43.0
48.0
52.0
1.3
62.0
68.0
75.0
3.9
112.0
121.0
135.0
7.0
173.0
191.0
205.0
112.0
124.0
135.0
7.1
177.0
194.0
210.0
112.0
126.0
135.0
7.2
177.0
194.0
215.0
0.4
45.0
50.0
55.0
1.4
64.0
70.0
77.0
4.0
0.5
47.0
52.0
57.0
1.5
66.0
72.0
79.0
4.1
Reference Manual 37
Biparietal Diameter (BPD) : SHINOZUKA
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
4.2
114.0
128.0
138.0
7.3
180.0
196.0
217.0
GA Table
4.3
117.0
131.0
140.0
7.4
182.0
198.0
222.0
“Shinozuka N., Masuda H., Kagawa H., Taketani Y.
4.4
119.0
133.0
142.0
7.5
184.0
201.0
224.0
4.5
121.0
135.0
145.0
7.6
187.0
203.0
229.0
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Tokyo Faculty of Medicine, “Standard
Values of Ultrasonographic Fetal Biometry“
4.6
124.0
138.0
147.0
7.7
189.0
208.0
231.0
Jpn J Med Ultrasonics 23 (12) 877-888; 1996“
4.7
126.0
140.0
149.0
7.8
191.0
210.0
231.0
4.8
128.0
142.0
149.0
7.9
194.0
212.0
233.0
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
SD
(day)
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
SD
(day)
4.9
131.0
145.0
152.0
8.0
196.0
215.0
238.0
1.3
67.0
71.0
75.0
4.0
5.2
146.0
153.0
160.0
7.0
5.0
133.0
147.0
154.0
8.1
198.0
217.0
240.0
1.4
69.0
73.0
77.0
4.0
5.3
147.0
155.0
163.0
8.0
71.0
75.0
79.0
4.0
5.4
149.0
157.0
165.0
8.0
5.1
135.0
149.0
156.0
8.2
201.0
219.0
245.0
1.5
5.2
138.0
152.0
159.0
8.3
203.0
224.0
250.0
1.6
73.0
77.0
81.0
4.0
5.5
151.0
159.0
167.0
8.0
5.3
140.0
152.0
161.0
8.4
203.0
226.0
252.0
1.7
75.0
79.0
83.0
4.0
5.6
154.0
162.0
170.0
8.0
5.4
142.0
154.0
166.0
8.5
205.0
231.0
254.0
1.8
77.0
81.0
85.0
4.0
5.7
156.0
164.0
172.0
8.0
5.5
145.0
156.0
168.0
8.6
205.0
233.0
254.0
1.9
79.0
83.0
87.0
4.0
5.8
158.0
166.0
174.0
8.0
5.6
147.0
159.0
168.0
8.7
208.0
238.0
257.0
2.0
81.0
85.0
89.0
4.0
5.9
161.0
169.0
177.0
8.0
5.7
149.0
161.0
170.0
8.8
210.0
240.0
259.0
2.1
83.0
87.0
91.0
4.0
6.0
162.0
171.0
180.0
9.0
5.8
149.0
163.0
173.0
8.9
217.0
247.0
264.0
2.2
86.0
90.0
94.0
4.0
6.1
164.0
173.0
182.0
9.0
5.9
152.0
166.0
175.0
9.0
222.0
250.0
268.0
2.3
87.0
92.0
97.0
5.0
6.2
167.0
176.0
185.0
9.0
6.0
152.0
168.0
177.0
9.1
226.0
254.0
271.0
2.4
89.0
94.0
99.0
5.0
6.3
169.0
178.0
187.0
9.0
6.1
154.0
170.0
180.0
9.2
231.0
254.0
273.0
2.5
91.0
96.0
101.0
5.0
6.4
171.0
180.0
189.0
9.0
6.2
156.0
173.0
182.0
9.3
236.0
257.0
275.0
2.6
93.0
98.0
103.0
5.0
6.5
174.0
183.0
192.0
9.0
6.3
159.0
175.0
184.0
9.4
240.0
259.0
278.0
2.7
95.0
100.0
105.0
5.0
6.6
175.0
185.0
195.0
10.0
6.4
163.0
177.0
187.0
9.5
243.0
261.0
280.0
6.5
166.0
180.0
191.0
2.8
97.0
102.0
107.0
5.0
6.7
178.0
188.0
198.0
10.0
2.9
99.0
104.0
109.0
5.0
6.8
181.0
191.0
201.0
10.0
Reference Manual 38
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
SD
(day)
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
SD
(day)
3.0
101.0
106.0
111.0
5.0
6.9
183.0
193.0
203.0
10.0
3.1
103.0
108.0
113.0
5.0
7.0
186.0
196.0
206.0
10.0
3.2
105.0
110.0
115.0
5.0
7.1
189.0
199.0
209.0
10.0
3.3
107.0
112.0
117.0
5.0
7.2
190.0
201.0
212.0
11.0
3.4
109.0
114.0
119.0
5.0
7.3
193.0
204.0
215.0
11.0
3.5
111.0
116.0
121.0
5.0
7.4
196.0
207.0
218.0
11.0
3.6
112.0
118.0
124.0
6.0
7.5
199.0
210.0
221.0
11.0
3.7
114.0
120.0
126.0
6.0
7.6
202.0
213.0
224.0
11.0
3.8
117.0
123.0
129.0
6.0
7.7
204.0
216.0
228.0
3.9
119.0
125.0
131.0
6.0
7.8
207.0
219.0
4.0
121.0
127.0
133.0
6.0
7.9
210.0
4.1
123.0
129.0
135.0
6.0
8.0
213.0
Fetal Growth Table
Shinozuka N., Masuda H., Kagawa H., Taketani Y. Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology,
Faculty of Medicine, University of Tokyo “Standard Values of Ultrasonographic Fetal Biometry“
Jpn J Med Ultrasonics 23 (12) 877-888; 1996
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
10
1.050
1.430
1.810
27
6.340
6.870
7.410
11
1.370
1.760
2.150
28
6.590
7.140
7.680
12
1.700
2.100
2.500
29
6.830
7.390
7.940
13
2.040
2.440
2.850
30
7.060
7.630
8.190
14
2.370
2.780
3.200
31
7.280
7.850
8.420
12.0
15
2.700
3.120
3.550
32
7.480
8.060
8.650
231.0
12.0
16
3.030
3.460
3.900
33
7.670
8.260
8.850
222.0
234.0
12.0
17
3.350
3.800
4.240
34
7.850
8.450
9.040
225.0
237.0
12.0
18
3.680
4.130
4.580
35
8.010
8.610
9.220
4.2
125.0
131.0
137.0
6.0
8.1
217.0
229.0
241.0
12.0
19
4.000
4.460
4.920
36
8.150
8.760
9.380
4.3
127.0
133.0
139.0
6.0
8.2
219.0
232.0
245.0
13.0
20
4.320
4.790
5.260
37
8.270
8.900
9.520
4.4
129.0
135.0
141.0
6.0
8.3
223.0
236.0
249.0
13.0
21
4.630
5.110
5.590
38
8.380
9.010
9.650
4.5
131.0
137.0
143.0
6.0
8.4
227.0
240.0
253.0
13.0
22
4.930
5.420
5.910
39
8.460
9.110
9.750
4.6
133.0
140.0
147.0
7.0
8.5
231.0
244.0
257.0
13.0
23
5.230
5.730
6.230
40
8.530
9.180
9.840
4.7
135.0
142.0
149.0
7.0
8.6
234.0
248.0
262.0
14.0
24
5.520
6.030
6.530
41
8.580
9.240
9.900
5.800
6.320
6.840
42
8.600
9.280
9.950
6.080
6.600
4.8
137.0
144.0
151.0
7.0
8.7
238.0
252.0
266.0
14.0
25
4.9
139.0
146.0
153.0
7.0
8.8
243.0
257.0
271.0
14.0
26
5.0
141.0
148.0
155.0
7.0
8.9
249.0
263.0
277.0
14.0
5.1
143.0
150.0
157.0
7.0
9.0
254.0
269.0
284.0
15.0
Reference Manual 39
Biparietal Diameter (BPD) : TOKYO
Meas
(mm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
SD
(day)
Meas
(mm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
SD
(day)
GA Table
37.0
115.0
120.0
125.0
5.0
73.0
196.0
204.0
212.0
8.0
“Shinozuka N., Masuda H., Kagawa H., Taketani Y.
38.0
118.0
123.0
128.0
5.0
74.0
199.0
207.0
215.0
8.0
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Tokyo Faculty of Medicine, “Standard
Values of Ultrasonographic Fetal Biometry“
39.0
120.0
125.0
130.0
5.0
75.0
202.0
210.0
218.0
8.0
40.0
122.0
127.0
132.0
5.0
76.0
205.0
213.0
221.0
8.0
41.0
124.0
129.0
134.0
5.0
77.0
208.0
216.0
224.0
8.0
Jpn J Med Ultrasonics 23 (12) 877-888; 1996“
Meas
(mm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
SD
(day)
Meas
(mm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
SD
(day)
20.0
79.0
85.0
91.0
6.0
56.0
156.0
162.0
168.0
6.0
21.0
81.0
87.0
93.0
6.0
57.0
158.0
164.0
170.0
6.0
22.0
83.0
89.0
95.0
6.0
58.0
161.0
167.0
173.0
6.0
23.0
86.0
92.0
98.0
6.0
59.0
163.0
169.0
175.0
6.0
24.0
88.0
94.0
100.0
6.0
60.0
165.0
171.0
177.0
6.0
25.0
90.0
96.0
102.0
6.0
61.0
167.0
174.0
181.0
7.0
26.0
92.0
98.0
104.0
6.0
62.0
169.0
176.0
183.0
7.0
27.0
94.0
100.0
106.0
6.0
63.0
172.0
179.0
186.0
7.0
28.0
96.0
102.0
108.0
6.0
64.0
174.0
181.0
188.0
7.0
29.0
96.0
102.0
108.0
6.0
65.0
176.0
183.0
190.0
7.0
30.0
101.0
106.0
111.0
5.0
66.0
179.0
186.0
193.0
7.0
31.0
103.0
108.0
113.0
5.0
67.0
181.0
188.0
195.0
7.0
32.0
105.0
110.0
115.0
5.0
68.0
184.0
191.0
198.0
7.0
33.0
107.0
112.0
117.0
5.0
69.0
187.0
194.0
201.0
7.0
34.0
109.0
114.0
119.0
5.0
70.0
189.0
196.0
203.0
7.0
35.0
111.0
116.0
121.0
5.0
71.0
191.0
199.0
207.0
8.0
36.0
113.0
118.0
123.0
5.0
72.0
193.0
201.0
209.0
8.0
42.0
126.0
131.0
136.0
5.0
78.0
210.0
218.0
226.0
8.0
43.0
128.0
133.0
138.0
5.0
79.0
213.0
221.0
229.0
8.0
44.0
130.0
135.0
140.0
5.0
80.0
217.0
225.0
233.0
8.0
45.0
132.0
138.0
144.0
6.0
81.0
220.0
228.0
236.0
8.0
46.0
134.0
140.0
146.0
6.0
82.0
223.0
231.0
239.0
8.0
47.0
136.0
142.0
148.0
6.0
83.0
225.0
234.0
243.0
9.0
48.0
138.0
144.0
150.0
6.0
84.0
229.0
238.0
247.0
9.0
49.0
140.0
146.0
152.0
6.0
85.0
232.0
241.0
250.0
9.0
50.0
142.0
148.0
154.0
6.0
86.0
236.0
245.0
254.0
9.0
51.0
145.0
151.0
157.0
6.0
87.0
240.0
249.0
258.0
9.0
52.0
147.0
153.0
159.0
6.0
88.0
244.0
253.0
262.0
9.0
53.0
148.0
154.0
160.0
6.0
89.0
249.0
258.0
267.0
9.0
54.0
151.0
157.0
163.0
6.0
90.0
253.0
262.0
271.0
9.0
55.0
154.0
160.0
166.0
6.0
Reference Manual 40
Fetal Growth Table
Crown-Rump Length (CRL) : ASUM
Norio Shinozuka, Takashi Okai, Masahiko Mizuno Issued by Shindan & Tiryo Sya Tokyo
University, School of Medicine, OB/GYN dept. “How to interpret OB/GYN ultrasound
measurement data“; 80. Fetal Measurement Obstetrics & Gynecology Chapter 56 Separate
volume; 1989, Oct. 27th Publication
GA Table
“Ultrasonic fetal Measurement Standards for an Australian Population“, compiled by Susan
Campbell Westerway - Faculty of Health Sciences University of Sydney.
Meas
(day)
Lower
(mm)
Mean
(mm)
Upper
(mm)
Meas
(day)
Lower
(mm)
Mean
(mm)
Upper
(mm)
84
13.880
19.580
24.550
189
60.830
67.420
73.270
91
17.610
22.990
27.600
196
63.260
70.130
76.140
Meas (cm)
Mean (day)
Meas (cm)
Mean (day)
Meas (cm)
Mean (day)
37.0
2.0
59.0
5.2
81.0
38.0
2.1
60.0
5.5
82.0
http://www.asum.com.au/open/home.htm
Date: December 2003
98
21.260
26.410
30.740
203
65.610
72.750
78.900
0.1
105
24.830
29.820
33.970
210
67.870
75.270
81.530
0.2
112
28.310
33.200
37.270
217
70.050
77.680
84.010
0.3
39.0
2.2
61.0
5.6
83.0
119
31.700
36.540
40.620
224
72.140
79.970
86.350
0.3
40.0
2.2
62.0
5.7
84.0
126
35.000
39.860
43.990
231
74.140
82.140
88.530
0.4
41.0
2.3
63.0
5.8
85.0
133
38.220
43.140
47.380
238
76.050
84.180
90.540
0.4
42.0
2.4
64.0
6.0
86.0
140
41.350
46.370
50.770
245
77.880
86.070
92.370
0.5
43.0
2.6
65.0
6.1
87.0
147
44.390
49.560
54.150
252
79.620
87.820
94.020
0.6
44.0
2.7
66.0
6.3
88.0
154
47.350
52.700
57.490
259
81.270
89.410
95.480
0.7
45.0
2.8
67.0
6.4
89.0
161
50.220
55.780
60.790
266
82.840
90.840
96.750
0.8
46.0
2.9
68.0
6.5
90.0
168
53.000
58.800
64.030
273
84.320
92.080
97.810
0.9
47.0
3.1
69.0
6.8
91.0
175
55.690
61.750
67.200
280
85.720
93.140
98.670
1.0
48.0
3.4
70.0
7.0
92.0
182
58.300
64.630
70.280
287
87.020
94.010
99.310
1.1
49.0
3.6
71.0
7.2
93.0
1.1
50.0
3.7
72.0
7.4
94.0
1.2
51.0
3.8
73.0
7.6
95.0
1.2
52.0
3.9
74.0
7.7
96.0
1.3
53.0
3.9
75.0
8.0
97.0
Reference Manual 41
Meas (cm)
Mean (day)
Meas (cm)
Mean (day)
Meas (cm)
Mean (day)
Meas (day)
Lower (cm)
Mean (cm)
Meas (day)
Lower (cm)
Mean (cm)
1.100
1.010
82
5.500
1.010
1.4
54.0
4.0
76.0
8.1
98.0
49
1.5
55.0
4.4
77.0
8.4
99.0
50
1.100
1.010
83
5.600
1.010
1.7
56.0
4.5
78.0
8.5
100.0
51
1.200
1.010
84
5.700
1.010
1.200
1.010
85
5.800
1.010
1.8
57.0
4.7
79.0
8.6
101.0
52
1.9
58.0
4.8
80.0
8.7
102.0
53
1.300
1.010
86
6.000
1.010
54
1.400
1.010
87
6.100
1.010
55
1.500
1.010
88
6.300
1.010
Fetal Growth Table
56
1.700
1.010
89
6.400
1.010
“Ultrasonic fetal Measurement Standards for an Australian Population“, compiled by Susan
Campbell Westerway - Faculty of Health Sciences University of Sydney.
57
1.800
1.010
90
6.500
1.010
58
1.900
1.010
91
6.800
1.010
59
2.000
1.010
92
7.000
1.010
http://www.asum.com.au/open/home.htm
Date: December 2003
60
2.100
1.010
93
7.200
1.010
Meas (day)
Lower (cm)
Mean (cm)
Meas (day)
Lower (cm)
Mean (cm)
61
2.200
1.010
94
7.400
1.010
37
0.100
1.010
70
3.400
1.010
62
2.200
1.010
95
7.600
1.010
38
0.200
1.010
71
3.600
1.010
63
2.300
1.010
96
7.700
1.010
39
0.300
1.010
72
3.700
1.010
64
2.400
1.010
97
8.000
1.010
40
0.300
1.010
73
3.800
1.010
65
2.600
1.010
98
8.100
1.010
41
0.400
1.010
74
3.900
1.010
66
2.700
1.010
99
8.400
1.010
42
0.400
1.010
75
3.900
1.010
67
2.800
1.010
100
8.500
1.010
43
0.500
1.010
76
4.000
1.010
68
2.900
1.010
101
8.600
1.010
44
0.600
1.010
77
4.400
1.010
69
3.100
1.010
102
8.700
1.010
45
0.700
1.010
78
4.500
1.010
46
0.800
1.010
79
4.700
1.010
47
0.900
1.010
80
4.800
1.010
48
1.000
1.010
81
5.200
1.010
Reference Manual 42
Crown-Rump Length (CRL) : HADLOCK
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
GA Table
48
0.633
0.786
0.938
94
5.913
7.336
8.759
“Hadlock F., Shah Y.P, Kanon D.J., Math B., Lindsey J.V., “Fetal Crown-Rump Length:
Reevaluation of Relation to Menstrual Age (5-18 weeks) with High-Resolution Real-Time
Ultrasound.“ Radiology, 182:501-505, 1992.“
49
0.688
0.853
1.019
95
6.045
7.500
8.955
50
0.746
0.925
1.105
96
6.176
7.663
9.150
51
0.807
1.002
1.196
97
6.306
7.824
9.342
GA= exp(1.684969 + 0.315646 x {OB_CRL} - 0.049306 x ({OB_CRL} 2) + 0.004057 x ({OB_
CRL} 3) - 0.00012046 x ({OB_CRL} 4))
52
0.872
1.082
1.292
98
6.434
7.983
9.532
53
0.940
1.167
1.393
99
6.561
8.140
9.720
Fetal Growth Table
54
1.012
1.256
1.500
100
6.686
8.296
9.905
Hadlock F., Shah Y.P, Kanon D.J., Math B., Lindsey J.V., “Fetal Crown-Rump Length: Reevaluation
of Relation to Menstrual Age (5-18 weeks) with High-Resolution Real-Time Ultrasound.“
Radiology, 182:501-505, 1992.
55
1.088
1.350
1.611
101
6.810
8.449
10.088
56
1.167
1.447
1.728
102
6.932
8.601
10.270
57
1.249
1.550
1.851
103
7.053
8.751
10.449
58
1.335
1.657
1.978
104
7.173
8.899
10.625
59
1.425
1.768
2.111
105
7.291
9.045
10.800
1.518
1.884
2.249
106
7.407
9.190
10.973
1.615
2.003
2.392
107
7.523
9.333
11.144
1.715
2.127
2.540
108
7.637
9.475
11.313
1.818
2.256
2.693
109
7.750
9.615
11.481
1.925
2.388
2.851
110
7.862
9.755
11.647
2.035
2.524
3.014
111
7.974
9.893
11.812
2.147
2.664
3.181
112
8.084
10.030
11.976
67
2.263
2.808
3.353
113
8.194
10.167
12.139
68
2.382
2.955
3.528
114
8.304
10.303
12.301
7.955
69
2.503
3.106
3.708
115
8.413
10.438
12.463
6.833
8.159
70
2.627
3.259
3.892
116
8.523
10.574
12.625
5.644
7.002
8.361
71
2.753
3.416
4.079
117
8.632
10.710
12.787
5.779
7.170
8.561
72
2.882
3.575
4.269
118
8.742
10.846
12.950
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
35
0.179
0.222
0.265
81
4.108
5.097
6.086
60
36
0.200
0.248
0.296
82
4.249
5.272
6.294
61
37
0.223
0.276
0.330
83
4.390
5.447
6.503
62
38
0.247
0.307
0.366
84
4.531
5.622
6.712
63
39
0.274
0.340
0.406
85
4.672
5.797
6.921
64
40
0.304
0.377
0.450
86
4.813
5.971
7.130
65
41
0.335
0.416
0.497
87
4.953
6.145
7.338
66
42
0.369
0.458
0.547
88
5.093
6.319
7.545
43
0.406
0.504
0.602
89
5.232
6.491
7.751
44
0.446
0.553
0.660
90
5.370
6.663
45
0.488
0.605
0.723
91
5.508
46
0.533
0.662
0.790
92
47
0.582
0.722
0.862
93
Reference Manual 43
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
73
3.012
3.737
4.462
119
8.852
10.983
13.113
1.4
48.0
55.0
62.0
7.3
85.0
96.0
106.0
74
3.144
3.901
4.658
120
8.963
11.120
13.278
1.5
49.0
56.0
63.0
7.6
86.0
97.0
108.0
75
3.278
4.068
4.857
121
9.075
11.259
13.443
1.6
51.0
58.0
64.0
8.0
88.0
99.0
110.0
76
3.414
4.236
5.058
122
9.188
11.400
13.611
1.7
52.0
59.0
65.0
8.3
89.0
100.0
112.0
77
3.551
4.406
5.260
123
9.303
11.542
13.781
1.8
53.0
60.0
67.0
8.6
90.0
102.0
114.0
78
3.689
4.577
5.465
124
9.419
11.686
13.953
1.9
54.0
61.0
68.0
9.0
92.0
104.0
116.0
79
3.828
4.749
5.671
125
9.537
11.833
14.128
2.0
55.0
62.0
69.0
9.3
94.0
106.0
118.0
80
3.968
4.923
5.878
126
9.658
11.983
14.307
2.1
56.0
63.0
70.0
9.6
95.0
108.0
120.0
2.2
57.0
64.0
71.0
10.0
97.0
110.0
122.0
2.3
58.0
65.0
72.0
10.3
99.0
112.0
125.0
Crown-Rump Length (CRL) : HANSMANN
GA Table
“Hansmann, U.Voigt;H.Schuhmacher;P.Jeanty. “Ultrasound Diagnosis in Obstetrics and
Gynecology“ Springer-Verlag, New York, 1986, p.439.“
2.4
59.0
66.0
73.0
10.6
101.0
114.0
127.0
2.6
61.0
68.0
75.0
11.0
103.0
116.0
130.0
2.8
62.0
70.0
78.0
11.3
105.0
119.0
133.0
3.0
64.0
72.0
79.0
11.6
107.0
121.0
135.0
3.2
65.0
73.0
81.0
12.0
109.0
123.0
137.0
3.4
67.0
75.0
82.0
12.3
112.0
126.0
140.0
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
0.6
36.0
43.0
49.0
5.2
77.0
86.0
95.0
3.6
68.0
76.0
84.0
12.6
114.0
128.0
143.0
69.0
78.0
86.0
13.0
117.0
132.0
146.0
71.0
79.0
87.0
13.3
119.0
134.0
149.0
0.7
38.0
44.0
51.0
5.4
77.0
87.0
96.0
3.8
0.8
39.0
46.0
52.0
5.6
78.0
88.0
97.0
4.0
0.9
41.0
48.0
55.0
5.8
79.0
89.0
98.0
4.2
72.0
80.0
88.0
13.6
122.0
137.0
153.0
1.0
43.0
49.0
56.0
6.0
80.0
90.0
99.0
4.4
73.0
81.0
90.0
14.0
125.0
140.0
156.0
1.1
44.0
51.0
57.0
6.3
81.0
91.0
101.0
4.6
75.0
83.0
91.0
14.3
127.0
143.0
159.0
76.0
84.0
93.0
14.6
130.0
146.0
162.0
76.0
85.0
94.0
15.0
133.0
150.0
166.0
1.2
45.0
52.0
59.0
6.6
82.0
93.0
103.0
4.8
1.3
47.0
53.0
60.0
7.0
84.0
94.0
105.0
5.0
Reference Manual 44
Fetal Growth Table
Hansmann, Hackelöer, Staudach, (Wittmann). “Ultrasound Diagnosis in Obstetrics and
Gynecology.“ Springer-Verlag, New York, 1986, p.438
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
72
2.030
3.240
4.440
134
9.750
12.550
15.360
74
2.270
3.530
4.790
136
9.890
12.740
15.600
76
2.520
3.830
5.140
138
10.030
12.940
15.850
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
43
0.230
0.690
1.150
86
4.000
5.560
7.130
79
2.930
4.320
5.710
140
10.200
13.160
16.120
44
0.280
0.760
1.250
88
4.320
5.940
7.550
81
3.220
4.660
6.130
141
10.290
13.280
16.260
45
0.320
0.830
1.340
90
4.640
6.310
7.980
83
3.530
5.020
6.510
142
10.400
13.400
16.410
46
0.360
0.900
1.430
93
5.130
6.880
8.630
47
0.390
0.960
1.520
95
5.560
7.260
9.060
48
0.430
1.020
1.610
97
5.780
7.630
9.480
49
0.470
1.080
1.690
100
6.250
8.180
10.110
50
0.500
1.140
1.780
102
6.560
8.540
10.520
51
0.540
1.210
1.870
104
6.860
8.890
10.920
52
0.580
1.270
1.960
107
7.280
9.390
11.500
Crown-Rump Length (CRL) : JSUM
GA Table
“Takashi Okai, Chairman of JSUM, Ultrasound Diagnostic standard & language committee
Ultrasound Fetal measurement standardization & Japanese standard proposals J Med
Ultrasonics Vol. 28 No.5 (2001)“
53
0.620
1.330
2.050
109
7.550
9.710
11.870
54
0.660
1.400
2.140
111
7.800
10.010
12.220
55
0.700
1.470
2.240
114
8.150
10.440
12.730
1.3
52.0
56
0.750
1.540
2.340
116
8.360
10.700
13.040
1.4
53.0
57
0.800
1.620
2.440
118
8.560
10.950
13.340
1.5
54.0
59
0.910
1.780
2.650
121
8.830
11.300
13.770
1.6
61
1.030
1.960
2.880
123
8.990
11.510
14.040
1.7
63
1.170
2.150
3.120
125
9.150
11.720
14.290
1.8
65
1.330
2.360
3.390
128
9.350
12.000
14.650
1.9
67
1.510
2.590
3.660
130
9.480
12.190
14.890
2.0
69
1.700
2.830
3.960
132
9.620
12.370
15.120
2.1
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
56.0
63.0
2.9
66.0
70.0
76.0
57.0
64.0
3.0
67.0
71.0
77.0
58.0
64.0
3.1
68.0
72.0
77.0
55.0
59.0
65.0
3.2
69.0
73.0
78.0
56.0
60.0
66.0
3.3
69.0
73.0
79.0
57.0
61.0
67.0
3.4
70.0
74.0
79.0
58.0
62.0
68.0
3.5
71.0
75.0
80.0
59.0
63.0
69.0
3.6
71.0
75.0
80.0
60.0
64.0
70.0
3.7
72.0
76.0
81.0
Reference Manual 45
Crown-Rump Length (CRL) : NELSON
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
2.2
60.0
65.0
71.0
3.8
73.0
77.0
82.0
GA Table
2.3
61.0
65.0
71.0
3.9
73.0
77.0
82.0
2.4
62.0
66.0
72.0
4.0
74.0
78.0
83.0
“Nelson L.H., “Comparison of Methods for Determining Crown-Rump Measurement by RealTime Ultrasound“ Journal of clinical ultrasound 9: 67-70; February 1981“
2.5
63.0
67.0
73.0
4.1
75.0
79.0
83.0
GA= (51.008 + 6 x {OB_CRL})/7
2.6
64.0
68.0
74.0
4.2
75.0
79.0
84.0
2.7
65.0
69.0
75.0
4.3
76.0
80.0
84.0
2.8
65.0
70.0
75.0
Crown-Rump Length (CRL) : OSAKA
GA Table
Perinatal care Vol. 9 No. 5
Fetal Growth Table
Takashi Okai, Chairman of JSUM, Ultrasound Diagnostic standard & language committee
Ultrasound Fetal measurement standardization & Japanese standard proposals J Med
Ultrasonics Vol. 28 No.5 (2001)
Meas (cm)
Mean (day)
Meas (cm)
Mean (day)
Meas (cm)
Mean (day)
0.87
49.0
2.04
63.0
4.12
77.0
0.91
50.0
2.16
64.0
4.28
78.0
0.96
51.0
2.29
65.0
4.45
79.0
1.02
52.0
2.43
66.0
4.62
80.0
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
49
0.570
1.010
1.720
67
1.510
2.500
3.370
1.08
53.0
2.57
67.0
4.79
81.0
51
0.600
1.050
1.640
69
1.710
2.760
3.730
1.15
54.0
2.71
68.0
4.96
82.0
53
0.650
1.130
1.660
71
1.920
3.030
4.070
1.22
55.0
2.85
69.0
5.13
83.0
55
0.720
1.250
1.750
73
2.150
3.310
4.410
57
0.810
1.400
1.910
75
2.410
3.580
4.710
59
0.910
1.580
2.130
77
2.670
3.840
4.980
61
1.030
1.780
2.400
79
2.960
4.090
5.210
63
1.170
2.000
2.700
81
3.270
4.330
5.380
65
1.330
2.250
3.030
1.3
56.0
3.0
70.0
5.3
84.0
1.39
57.0
3.15
71.0
5.48
85.0
1.49
58.0
3.31
72.0
5.65
86.0
1.59
59.0
3.47
73.0
5.82
87.0
1.69
60.0
3.63
74.0
5.99
88.0
1.8
61.0
3.79
75.0
6.16
89.0
1.92
62.0
3.95
76.0
6.32
90.0
Reference Manual 46
Fetal Growth Table
Crown-Rump Length (CRL) : REMPEN
Perinatal care Vol. 9 No. 5
GA Table
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
49
0.630
0.870
1.110
70
2.280
3.000
3.720
“Rempen A., Chaoui R., Kozlowski P., Terinde R., Wisser J.,Häusler M.: “Standards zur
Ultraschalluntersuchung in der Frühschwangerschaft“.
50
0.655
0.910
1.165
71
2.415
3.150
3.885
publiziert in: Der Frauenarzt 42 (2001), 327 ff.“
51
0.675
0.960
1.245
72
2.545
3.310
4.075
52
0.720
1.020
1.320
73
2.690
3.470
4.250
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
53
0.750
1.080
1.410
74
2.820
3.630
4.440
0.2
37.0
42.0
46.0
3.2
63.0
69.0
74.0
54
0.805
1.150
1.495
75
2.965
3.790
4.615
0.3
39.0
43.0
47.0
3.3
64.0
69.0
75.0
0.4
40.0
44.0
49.0
3.4
64.0
70.0
76.0
55
0.845
1.220
1.595
76
3.095
3.950
4.805
56
0.910
1.300
1.690
77
3.250
4.120
4.990
0.5
41.0
45.0
50.0
3.5
65.0
71.0
77.0
0.6
42.0
46.0
51.0
3.6
66.0
72.0
77.0
57
0.970
1.390
1.810
78
3.380
4.280
5.180
58
1.055
1.490
1.925
79
3.535
4.450
5.365
0.7
43.0
47.0
52.0
3.7
67.0
72.0
78.0
44.0
48.0
53.0
3.8
67.0
73.0
79.0
45.0
49.0
54.0
3.9
68.0
74.0
80.0
59
1.125
1.590
2.055
80
3.675
4.620
5.565
0.8
60
1.210
1.690
2.170
81
3.830
4.790
5.750
0.9
61
1.290
1.800
2.310
82
3.970
4.960
5.950
1.0
46.0
50.0
55.0
4.0
69.0
75.0
81.0
1.1
46.0
51.0
56.0
4.1
70.0
75.0
81.0
62
1.395
1.920
2.445
83
4.125
5.130
6.135
63
1.485
2.040
2.595
84
4.265
5.300
6.335
1.2
47.0
52.0
57.0
4.2
70.0
76.0
82.0
1.3
48.0
53.0
58.0
4.3
71.0
77.0
83.0
64
1.590
2.160
2.730
85
4.430
5.480
6.530
65
1.690
2.290
2.890
86
4.570
5.650
6.730
1.4
49.0
54.0
59.0
4.4
72.0
78.0
84.0
50.0
55.0
60.0
4.5
72.0
78.0
84.0
51.0
56.0
61.0
4.6
73.0
79.0
85.0
66
1.815
2.430
3.045
87
4.725
5.820
6.915
1.5
67
1.925
2.570
3.215
88
4.865
5.990
7.115
1.6
68
2.035
2.710
3.385
89
5.020
6.160
7.300
1.7
52.0
56.0
62.0
4.7
74.0
80.0
86.0
7.490
1.8
52.0
57.0
63.0
4.8
75.0
81.0
87.0
1.9
53.0
58.0
63.0
4.9
75.0
81.0
87.0
69
2.160
2.850
3.540
90
5.150
6.320
Reference Manual 47
Crown-Rump Length (CRL) : SHINOZUKA
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
2.0
54.0
59.0
64.0
5.0
76.0
82.0
88.0
GA Table
2.1
55.0
60.0
65.0
5.1
77.0
83.0
89.0
“Shinozuka N., Masuda H., Kagawa H., Taketani Y.
2.2
55.0
61.0
66.0
5.2
77.0
83.0
90.0
2.3
56.0
61.0
67.0
5.3
78.0
84.0
90.0
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Tokyo Faculty of Medicine, “Standard
Values of Ultrasonographic Fetal Biometry“
2.4
57.0
62.0
68.0
5.4
79.0
85.0
91.0
Jpn J Med Ultrasonics 23 (12) 877-888; 1996“
2.5
58.0
63.0
69.0
5.5
79.0
86.0
92.0
2.6
59.0
64.0
69.0
5.6
80.0
86.0
93.0
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
SD
(day)
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
SD
(day)
2.7
59.0
65.0
70.0
5.7
81.0
87.0
94.0
0.5
42.0
45.0
48.0
3.0
3.0
65.0
72.0
79.0
7.0
2.8
60.0
65.0
71.0
5.8
82.0
88.0
94.0
1.0
48.0
52.0
56.0
4.0
3.5
68.0
76.0
84.0
8.0
52.0
57.0
62.0
5.0
4.0
72.0
80.0
88.0
8.0
2.9
61.0
66.0
72.0
5.9
82.0
89.0
95.0
1.5
3.0
62.0
67.0
73.0
6.0
83.0
89.0
96.0
2.0
56.0
62.0
68.0
6.0
4.5
74.0
83.0
92.0
9.0
3.1
62.0
68.0
73.0
2.5
61.0
67.0
73.0
6.0
5.0
76.0
86.0
96.0
10.0
Crown-Rump Length (CRL) : ROBINSON
Fetal Growth Table
Shinozuka N., Masuda H., Kagawa H., Taketani Y.
GA Table
Rempen A., Chaoui R., Kozlowski P., Terinde R., Wisser J.,Häusler M.: “Standards zur
Ultraschalluntersuchung in der Frühschwangerschaft“. publiziert in: Der Frauenarzt 42
(2001), 327 ff.
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tokyo “Standard
Values of Ultrasonographic Fetal Biometry“ Jpn J Med Ultrasonics 23 (12) 877-888; 1996
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
GA = (8.052 x sqrt(10 x {OB_CRL}) + 23.73)/7
49
0.510
0.790
1.070
71
2.090
2.930
3.760
Output Unit: w (weeks)
50
0.550
0.860
1.170
72
2.190
3.050
3.910
Input Unit: cm
51
0.600
0.930
1.270
73
2.290
3.180
4.060
52
0.650
1.010
1.370
74
2.400
3.310
4.220
53
0.710
1.090
1.470
75
2.510
3.440
4.380
Min Range: 0.6cm
Max Range: 8.5cm
Reference Manual 48
Crown-Rump Length (CRL) : TOKYO
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
54
0.760
1.170
1.580
76
2.620
3.580
4.540
GA Table
55
0.820
1.250
1.690
77
2.730
3.710
4.700
Tokyo University Method 1986, 6 by University Tokyo
56
0.880
1.340
1.800
78
2.840
3.850
4.860
57
0.950
1.430
1.910
79
2.960
4.000
5.030
Meas
(mm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
SD
(day)
Meas
(mm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
SD
(day)
58
1.010
1.520
2.030
80
3.080
4.140
5.200
13.0
47.0
55.0
63.0
8.0
32.0
66.0
73.0
80.0
7.0
59
1.080
1.610
2.150
81
3.200
4.290
5.370
14.0
47.0
56.0
65.0
9.0
33.0
67.0
74.0
81.0
7.0
60
1.150
1.710
2.270
82
3.330
4.440
5.550
15.0
47.0
57.0
67.0
10.0
34.0
67.0
74.0
81.0
7.0
61
1.220
1.810
2.390
83
3.450
4.590
5.730
16.0
50.0
58.0
66.0
8.0
35.0
68.0
75.0
82.0
7.0
62
1.300
1.910
2.520
84
3.580
4.740
5.910
17.0
50.0
59.0
68.0
9.0
36.0
69.0
76.0
83.0
7.0
63
1.380
2.010
2.650
85
3.720
4.900
6.090
18.0
50.0
60.0
70.0
10.0
37.0
70.0
77.0
84.0
7.0
64
1.460
2.120
2.780
86
3.850
5.060
6.270
65
1.540
2.230
2.910
87
3.990
5.220
6.460
66
1.630
2.340
3.050
88
4.130
5.390
6.650
67
1.720
2.450
3.180
89
4.270
5.550
6.840
68
1.810
2.570
3.320
90
4.410
5.720
7.030
69
1.900
2.680
3.470
91
4.560
5.890
7.230
70
1.990
2.800
3.610
19.0
53.0
61.0
69.0
8.0
38.0
71.0
78.0
85.0
7.0
20.0
53.0
62.0
71.0
9.0
39.0
71.0
78.0
85.0
7.0
21.0
56.0
63.0
70.0
7.0
40.0
72.0
79.0
86.0
7.0
22.0
57.0
64.0
71.0
7.0
41.0
73.0
80.0
87.0
7.0
23.0
58.0
65.0
72.0
7.0
42.0
74.0
81.0
88.0
7.0
24.0
59.0
66.0
73.0
7.0
43.0
74.0
81.0
88.0
7.0
25.0
60.0
67.0
74.0
7.0
44.0
75.0
82.0
89.0
7.0
26.0
61.0
68.0
75.0
7.0
45.0
76.0
83.0
90.0
7.0
27.0
61.0
68.0
75.0
7.0
46.0
77.0
84.0
91.0
7.0
28.0
62.0
69.0
76.0
7.0
47.0
77.0
84.0
91.0
7.0
29.0
63.0
70.0
77.0
7.0
48.0
78.0
85.0
92.0
7.0
30.0
64.0
71.0
78.0
7.0
49.0
79.0
86.0
93.0
7.0
31.0
65.0
72.0
79.0
7.0
50.0
79.0
86.0
93.0
7.0
Reference Manual 49
Fetal Growth Table
Femur Length (FL) : ASUM
Tokyo University Method 1986, 6 by University Tokyo
Meas (day)
Lower (cm)
Mean (cm)
Meas (day)
Lower (cm)
Mean (cm)
55
1.300
7.230
73
3.200
7.230
56
1.400
7.230
74
3.300
7.230
57
1.500
7.230
74
3.400
7.230
58
1.600
7.230
75
3.500
7.230
59
1.700
7.230
76
3.600
7.230
60
1.800
7.230
77
3.700
7.230
61
1.900
7.230
78
3.800
7.230
62
2.000
7.230
78
3.900
7.230
63
2.100
7.230
79
4.000
7.230
64
2.200
7.230
80
4.100
7.230
65
2.300
7.230
81
4.200
7.230
66
2.400
7.230
81
4.300
7.230
67
2.500
7.230
82
4.400
7.230
68
2.600
7.230
83
4.500
7.230
68
2.700
7.230
84
4.600
7.230
GA Table
“Ultrasonic fetal Measurement Standards for an Australian Population“, compiled by Susan
Campbell Westerway - Faculty of Health Sciences University of Sydney.
http://www.asum.com.au/open/home.htm
Date: December 2003
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
SD
(day)
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
SD
(day)
0.8
70.0
77.0
84.0
7.0
5.0
175.0
189.0
203.0
14.0
1.0
77.0
84.0
91.0
7.0
5.4
182.0
196.0
210.0
14.0
1.1
84.0
91.0
98.0
7.0
5.5
185.0
203.0
221.0
18.0
1.5
91.0
98.0
105.0
7.0
5.8
192.0
210.0
228.0
18.0
1.7
98.0
105.0
112.0
7.0
5.9
199.0
217.0
235.0
18.0
2.2
105.0
112.0
119.0
7.0
6.2
203.0
224.0
245.0
21.0
2.5
112.0
119.0
126.0
7.0
6.5
210.0
231.0
252.0
21.0
2.8
116.0
126.0
136.0
10.0
6.6
217.0
238.0
259.0
21.0
3.0
123.0
133.0
143.0
10.0
6.7
224.0
245.0
266.0
21.0
130.0
140.0
150.0
10.0
6.9
231.0
252.0
273.0
21.0
133.0
147.0
161.0
14.0
7.2
238.0
259.0
280.0
21.0
69
2.800
7.230
84
4.700
7.230
3.2
70
2.900
7.230
85
4.800
7.230
3.4
71
3.000
7.230
86
4.900
7.230
3.7
140.0
154.0
168.0
14.0
7.3
245.0
266.0
287.0
21.0
7.230
4.3
147.0
161.0
175.0
14.0
7.5
252.0
273.0
294.0
21.0
4.5
154.0
168.0
182.0
14.0
7.6
259.0
280.0
301.0
21.0
4.8
161.0
175.0
189.0
14.0
7.7
266.0
287.0
308.0
21.0
4.9
168.0
182.0
196.0
14.0
72
3.100
7.230
86
5.000
Reference Manual 50
Fetal Growth Table
Femur Length (FL) : CFEF
“Ultrasonic fetal Measurement Standards for an Australian Population“, compiled by Susan
Campbell Westerway - Faculty of Health Sciences University of Sydney.
http://www.asum.com.au/open/home.htm
Date: December 2003
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
11
0.600
0.800
1.000
27
4.500
5.000
5.500
12
0.750
1.000
1.250
28
5.000
5.400
5.800
13
0.850
1.100
1.350
29
4.950
5.500
6.050
14
1.200
1.500
1.800
30
5.200
5.800
6.400
15
1.350
1.700
2.050
31
5.350
5.900
6.450
16
1.800
2.200
2.600
32
5.600
6.200
6.800
17
2.100
2.500
2.900
33
6.100
6.500
6.900
18
2.300
2.800
3.300
34
6.200
6.600
7.000
19
2.500
3.000
3.500
35
6.100
6.700
7.300
20
2.600
3.200
3.800
36
6.300
6.900
7.500
21
2.800
3.400
4.000
37
6.700
7.200
7.700
22
3.200
3.700
4.200
38
6.750
7.300
7.850
23
3.800
4.300
4.800
39
6.900
7.500
8.100
24
4.100
4.500
4.900
40
7.200
7.600
8.000
25
4.300
4.800
5.300
41
7.200
7.700
8.200
26
4.400
4.900
5.400
GA Table
“Créquat,J., Duyme,M., Brodaty,G., “Biometry 2000. Fetal growth charts by the French College
of fetal ultrasonography and the Inserm U 155“, Gynécol.Obstet Fertil., Vol. 28 No. 2, 2000,
pages 435-445“
Meas (mm)
Mean (day)
Meas (mm)
Mean (day)
Meas (mm)
Mean (day)
6.33
84.0
37.87
154.0
61.11
224.0
9.88
91.0
40.5
161.0
63.0
231.0
13.33
98.0
43.16
168.0
64.76
238.0
16.66
105.0
45.69
175.0
66.47
245.0
19.95
112.0
48.17
182.0
68.13
252.0
23.12
119.0
50.53
189.0
69.63
259.0
26.23
126.0
52.8
196.0
71.11
266.0
29.25
133.0
54.94
203.0
72.48
273.0
32.23
140.0
57.13
210.0
73.79
280.0
35.05
147.0
59.15
217.0
74.0
287.0
Reference Manual 51
Fetal Growth Table
Femur Length (FL) : CHITTY
Créquat,J., Duyme,M., Brodaty,G.,“Biometry 2000. Fetal growth charts by the French College
of fetal ultrasonography and the Inserm U 155“, Gynécol Obstét Fertil, Vol. 28 No. 2, 2000,
pages 435-445
Meas
(week)
Lower
(mm)
Mean
(mm)
Upper
(mm)
Meas
(week)
Lower
(mm)
Mean
(mm)
Upper
(mm)
12
2.760
6.330
10.000
27
44.950
50.530
56.090
13
6.090
9.880
13.650
28
47.130
52.800
58.450
14
9.400
13.330
17.270
29
49.220
54.940
60.720
15
12.560
16.660
20.770
30
51.300
57.130
62.920
16
15.700
19.950
24.180
31
53.260
59.150
65.040
17
18.740
23.120
27.530
32
55.120
61.110
67.070
18
21.690
26.230
30.800
33
56.960
63.000
69.030
19
24.590
29.250
33.910
34
58.690
64.760
70.840
20
27.420
32.230
37.030
35
60.330
66.470
72.630
21
30.120
35.050
40.000
36
61.900
68.130
74.300
22
32.830
37.870
42.910
37
63.400
69.630
75.890
23
35.340
40.500
45.710
38
64.810
71.110
77.410
24
37.890
43.160
48.420
39
66.160
72.480
78.840
25
40.330
45.690
51.080
40
67.420
73.790
80.170
26
42.660
48.170
53.620
41
68.000
74.000
81.000
GA Table
“Altmann D.G.; Chitty L.S. “New charts for ultrasound dating of pregnancy“
Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology Vol. 10: 174-191, 1997“
Meas
(mm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
Meas
(mm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
1.0
85.0
91.0
97.0
3.9
145.0
158.0
171.0
1.1
87.0
93.0
99.0
4.0
148.0
160.0
174.0
1.2
89.0
95.0
102.0
4.1
150.0
163.0
177.0
1.3
91.0
97.0
104.0
4.2
153.0
166.0
180.0
1.4
92.0
99.0
106.0
4.3
155.0
169.0
183.0
1.5
94.0
101.0
108.0
4.4
158.0
171.0
186.0
1.6
96.0
103.0
111.0
4.5
160.0
174.0
190.0
1.7
98.0
105.0
113.0
4.6
163.0
177.0
193.0
1.8
100.0
107.0
115.0
4.7
165.0
180.0
196.0
1.9
102.0
110.0
118.0
4.8
168.0
183.0
199.0
2.0
104.0
112.0
120.0
4.9
171.0
186.0
203.0
2.1
106.0
114.0
122.0
5.0
173.0
189.0
206.0
2.2
108.0
116.0
125.0
5.1
176.0
192.0
210.0
2.3
110.0
118.0
127.0
5.2
179.0
195.0
213.0
2.4
112.0
121.0
130.0
5.3
182.0
198.0
217.0
2.5
114.0
123.0
132.0
5.4
184.0
201.0
220.0
2.6
116.0
125.0
135.0
5.5
187.0
205.0
224.0
2.7
118.0
128.0
138.0
5.6
190.0
208.0
227.0
2.8
120.0
130.0
140.0
5.7
193.0
211.0
231.0
Reference Manual 52
Meas
(mm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
Meas
(mm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
Meas
(week)
Lower
(mm)
Mean
(mm)
Upper
(mm)
Meas
(week)
Lower
(mm)
Mean
(mm)
Upper
(mm)
2.9
123.0
132.0
143.0
5.8
196.0
214.0
235.0
20
28.500
32.100
35.700
36
62.900
68.200
73.500
3.0
125.0
135.0
145.0
5.9
199.0
218.0
239.0
21
31.100
34.900
38.700
37
64.400
69.700
75.000
3.1
127.0
137.0
148.0
6.0
202.0
221.0
242.0
22
33.800
37.600
41.400
38
65.700
71.100
76.500
3.2
129.0
140.0
151.0
6.1
205.0
225.0
246.0
23
36.400
40.300
44.200
39
67.000
72.400
77.800
3.3
131.0
142.0
154.0
6.2
208.0
228.0
250.0
24
38.800
42.900
47.000
40
68.000
73.600
79.200
3.4
134.0
145.0
156.0
6.3
211.0
232.0
254.0
25
41.400
45.500
49.600
41
68.800
74.600
80.400
3.5
136.0
147.0
159.0
6.4
214.0
235.0
258.0
26
43.700
48.000
52.300
42
69.800
75.600
81.400
3.6
138.0
150.0
162.0
6.5
217.0
239.0
262.0
27
46.100
50.400
54.700
3.7
141.0
152.0
165.0
6.6
220.0
242.0
266.0
3.8
143.0
155.0
168.0
6.7
224.0
246.0
271.0
Femur Length (FL) : HADLOCK
Fetal Growth Table
GA Table
Chitty LS, Altman DG, Henderson A, Campbell S (1994). Charts of fetal size: 4. Femur length.
Br J Obstet Gynaecol 101:132-135
“Hadlock,F.P., Deter,R.L., Harrist,R.B., Park,S.K.,“ Estimating fetal age: computer-assisted
analysis of multiple fetal growth parameters“, Radiology Vol. 152 No. 2, 1984, pages 497-501.“
GA= 10.35 + 2.46 x {OB_FL} + 0.17 x ({OB_FL}2)
Meas
(week)
Lower
(mm)
Mean
(mm)
Upper
(mm)
Meas
(week)
Lower
(mm)
Mean
(mm)
Upper
(mm)
12
4.700
7.700
10.700
28
48.300
52.700
57.100
Fetal Growth Table
13
7.900
10.900
13.900
29
50.400
55.000
59.600
“Hadlock F.P., Deter R.L.; Harrist R.B., Park S.K.
14
11.000
14.100
17.200
30
52.500
57.100
61.700
“Estimating Fetal Age: Computer-Assisted Analysis of Multiple Fetal Growth Parameters“
15
14.100
17.200
20.300
31
54.400
59.200
64.000
16
17.000
20.300
23.600
32
56.400
61.200
66.000
17
19.800
23.300
26.800
33
58.200
63.100
68.000
18
22.800
26.300
29.800
34
60.000
64.900
69.800
19
25.600
29.200
32.800
35
61.500
66.600
71.700
Radiology 1984; 152: 497-501“
Mean = -3.91 + 0.427 x {GA} - 0.0034 x {GA}2
Output Unit : cm
Input Unit: w (week)
Min Range: 12w
Max Range: 40w
Reference Manual 53
Femur Length (FL) : HANSMANN
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
GA Table
16
1.500
1.800
2.300
30
5.100
5.600
6.200
“Hansmann, Hackeloer, Staudach, Wittmann “Ultrasound Diagnosis in Obstetrics and
Gynecology“ Springer- Verlag, New York, 1986, p.431.“
17
1.800
2.200
2.600
31
5.300
5.900
6.400
18
2.100
2.500
2.900
32
5.500
6.100
6.600
Mean (day)
19
2.400
2.800
3.200
33
5.700
6.300
6.800
2.700
3.100
3.500
34
5.900
6.500
7.000
Meas (cm)
Mean (day)
Meas (cm)
Mean (day)
Meas (cm)
1.0
91.0
3.9
161.0
6.3
231.0
20
1.2
98.0
4.1
168.0
6.5
238.0
21
2.900
3.400
3.800
35
6.100
6.700
7.200
3.200
3.600
4.100
36
6.300
6.900
7.400
1.6
105.0
4.4
175.0
6.7
245.0
22
1.8
112.0
4.7
182.0
6.9
252.0
23
3.400
3.900
4.400
37
6.500
7.100
7.700
24
3.700
4.100
4.700
38
6.700
7.300
7.900
25
3.900
4.400
4.900
39
6.800
7.400
8.100
26
4.200
4.700
5.200
40
7.000
7.500
8.400
2.2
119.0
4.9
189.0
7.1
259.0
2.5
126.0
5.1
196.0
7.3
266.0
2.8
133.0
5.4
203.0
7.4
273.0
7.5
280.0
3.1
140.0
5.6
210.0
3.4
147.0
5.9
217.0
3.6
154.0
6.1
224.0
Femur Length (FL) : HOHLER
GA Table
Fetal Growth Table
Hansmann, Hackelöer, Staudach, (Wittmann)“Ultrasound Diagnosis in Obstetrics and
Gynecology“ Springer- Verlag, New York, 1986, p.431.
“Hohler C.W., Quetel T.A. “Fetal Femur Length: Equations for Computer Calculation of
Gestational Age from Ultrasound Measurements“ American Journal of Obstetrics and
Gynecology, Vol. 143, No. 4: 479-481, June 15, 1982“
GA = 9.18 + 2.67 x FL + 0.16 x FL2
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
13
1.000
1.000
1.000
27
4.400
4.900
5.500
14
1.200
1.200
1.200
28
4.600
5.100
5.700
GA Table
15
1.300
1.600
2.100
29
4.900
5.400
5.900
Jeanty P., Cousaert E., Cantraine F., Hobbins J.C., Tack B., Struyven J. “A longitudinal Study of
fetal limb growth“ American Journal of Perinatology; Volume 1; Number 2; January 1984
Femur Length (FL) : JEANTY
GA = 9.54 + 2.977 x FL + 0.10689 x FL2
Reference Manual 54
Fetal Growth Table
Femur Length (FL) : JOHNSEN
Jeanty P., Cousaert E., Cantraine F., Hobbins J.C., Tack B., Struyven J. “A longitudinal Study of
fetal limb growth“ American Journal of Perinatology; Volume 1; Number 2; January 1984;
136-144
Fetal Growth Table
Johnsen SL, Rasmussen S, Sollien R, Kiserud T, Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand , 2005; 84: 725-733
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
12
0.400
0.800
1.300
27
4.500
4.900
5.400
13
0.600
1.100
1.600
28
4.700
5.200
5.600
70
1.000
2.000
4.000
6.000
Meas
(day)
Lower
(mm)
Mean
(mm)
Upper
(mm)
Meas
(day)
Lower
(mm)
Mean
(mm)
Upper
(mm)
2.000
3.000
182
44.000
47.000
51.000
4.000
5.000
189
46.000
49.000
53.000
8.000
196
48.000
52.000
55.000
14
0.900
1.400
1.800
29
5.000
5.400
5.900
77
15
1.200
1.700
2.100
30
5.200
5.600
6.100
84
16
1.500
2.000
2.400
31
5.400
5.900
6.300
91
7.000
8.000
11.000
203
50.000
54.000
57.000
9.000
12.000
14.000
210
52.000
56.000
60.000
17
1.800
2.300
2.700
32
5.600
6.100
6.500
98
18
2.100
2.500
3.000
33
5.800
6.300
6.700
105
12.000
15.000
18.000
217
54.000
58.000
62.000
15.000
18.000
22.000
224
56.000
60.000
64.000
19
2.400
2.800
3.300
34
6.000
6.500
6.900
112
20
2.600
3.100
3.600
35
6.200
6.700
7.100
119
18.000
21.000
25.000
231
58.000
62.000
65.000
22.000
25.000
28.000
238
60.000
63.000
67.000
21
2.900
3.400
3.800
36
6.400
6.800
7.300
126
22
3.200
3.600
4.100
37
6.500
7.000
7.400
133
25.000
28.000
32.000
245
61.000
65.000
69.000
28.000
31.000
35.000
252
63.000
67.000
71.000
23
3.500
3.900
4.400
38
6.700
7.100
7.600
140
24
3.700
4.200
4.600
39
6.800
7.300
7.700
147
31.000
34.000
38.000
259
64.000
69.000
73.000
25
4.000
4.400
4.900
40
7.000
7.400
7.900
154
34.000
37.000
41.000
266
66.000
70.000
75.000
161
36.000
40.000
43.000
273
67.000
72.000
77.000
168
39.000
42.000
46.000
280
69.000
74.000
79.000
175
42.000
45.000
48.000
286
71.000
75.000
80.000
26
4.200
4.700
5.100
Reference Manual 55
Femur Length (FL) : JSUM
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
SD
(day)
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
SD
(day)
GA Table
3.8
150.0
159.0
168.0
9.0
6.4
238.0
250.0
262.0
12.0
“Takashi Okai, Chairman of JSUM, Ultrasound Diagnostic standard & language committee
Ultrasound Fetal measurement standardization & Japanese standard proposals
3.9
153.0
162.0
171.0
9.0
6.5
242.0
254.0
266.0
12.0
4.0
156.0
165.0
174.0
9.0
6.6
247.0
259.0
271.0
12.0
J Med Ultrasonics Vol. 28 No.5 (2001)“
4.1
159.0
168.0
177.0
9.0
6.7
250.0
263.0
276.0
13.0
4.2
162.0
171.0
180.0
9.0
6.8
254.0
267.0
280.0
13.0
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
SD
(day)
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
SD
(day)
2.0
107.0
113.0
119.0
6.0
4.6
174.0
184.0
194.0
10.0
2.1
109.0
115.0
121.0
6.0
4.7
177.0
187.0
197.0
10.0
2.2
112.0
118.0
124.0
6.0
4.8
181.0
191.0
201.0
10.0
4.3
165.0
174.0
183.0
9.0
6.9
258.0
271.0
284.0
13.0
4.4
169.0
178.0
187.0
9.0
7.0
263.0
276.0
289.0
13.0
4.5
171.0
181.0
191.0
10.0
2.3
113.0
120.0
127.0
7.0
4.9
184.0
194.0
204.0
10.0
2.4
115.0
122.0
129.0
7.0
5.0
188.0
198.0
208.0
10.0
Fetal Growth Table
2.5
118.0
125.0
132.0
7.0
5.1
191.0
201.0
211.0
10.0
2.6
120.0
127.0
134.0
7.0
5.2
194.0
205.0
216.0
11.0
Takashi Okai, Chairman of JSUM, Ultrasound Diagnostic standard & language committee
Ultrasound Fetal measurement standardization & Japanese standard proposals J Med
Ultrasonics Vol. 28 No.5 (2001)
2.7
122.0
129.0
136.0
7.0
5.3
197.0
208.0
219.0
11.0
2.8
125.0
132.0
139.0
7.0
5.4
201.0
212.0
223.0
11.0
2.9
127.0
134.0
141.0
7.0
5.5
204.0
215.0
226.0
11.0
3.0
129.0
137.0
145.0
8.0
5.6
208.0
219.0
230.0
11.0
3.1
132.0
140.0
148.0
8.0
5.7
212.0
223.0
234.0
11.0
3.2
134.0
142.0
150.0
8.0
5.8
216.0
227.0
238.0
3.3
137.0
145.0
153.0
8.0
5.9
219.0
231.0
3.4
140.0
148.0
156.0
8.0
6.0
222.0
3.5
142.0
150.0
158.0
8.0
6.1
3.6
145.0
153.0
161.0
8.0
6.2
3.7
147.0
156.0
165.0
9.0
6.3
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
16
1.610
2.010
2.410
30
4.910
5.380
5.850
17
1.870
2.270
2.670
31
5.110
5.580
6.050
18
2.120
2.530
2.940
32
5.300
5.780
6.260
11.0
19
2.370
2.780
3.190
33
5.480
5.960
6.440
243.0
12.0
20
2.620
3.040
3.460
34
5.650
6.140
6.630
234.0
246.0
12.0
21
2.870
3.290
3.710
35
5.810
6.300
6.790
226.0
238.0
250.0
12.0
22
3.110
3.540
3.970
36
5.960
6.460
6.960
230.0
242.0
254.0
12.0
23
3.360
3.790
4.220
37
6.100
6.600
7.100
12.0
24
3.590
4.030
4.470
38
6.230
6.740
7.250
234.0
246.0
258.0
Reference Manual 56
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
25
3.830
4.270
4.710
39
6.350
6.860
7.370
23
3.560
4.010
4.450
39
6.790
7.310
7.840
26
4.050
4.500
4.950
40
6.440
6.960
7.480
24
3.810
4.260
4.720
40
6.930
7.460
7.990
27
4.280
4.730
5.180
41
6.540
7.060
7.580
25
4.050
4.520
4.980
41
7.070
7.600
8.130
28
4.500
4.960
5.420
42
6.610
7.140
7.670
26
4.290
4.760
5.230
42
7.200
7.730
8.260
29
4.710
5.170
5.630
27
4.520
5.000
5.480
Femur Length (FL) : KURMANAVICIUS
Femur Length (FL) : MERZ
Fetal Growth Table
GA Table
Standard-Tabellen und Kurven für Ultraschall-/Dopplersonografie, Dept. Frauenheilkunde
Klinik und Poliklinik für Geburtshilfe; Copyright (1997) J. Kurmanavicius et al Prof. Dr. A. Huch
“E. Merz, W. Goldhofer, E. Timor-Tritsch ““Ultrasound in Gynecology and Obstetrics““ Textbook
and Atlas, 1991 Georg Thieme Verlag, pp. 326“
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
12
0.410
0.700
0.980
28
4.750
5.230
5.710
1.0
78.0
86.0
95.0
4.6
165.0
178.0
190.0
13
0.720
1.030
1.340
29
4.970
5.450
5.940
1.1
81.0
89.0
97.0
4.7
168.0
181.0
193.0
14
1.030
1.360
1.690
30
5.180
5.670
6.160
1.2
83.0
91.0
99.0
4.8
171.0
183.0
196.0
15
1.330
1.680
2.040
31
5.390
5.880
6.380
1.3
85.0
93.0
102.0
4.9
173.0
186.0
198.0
16
1.630
2.000
2.370
32
5.590
6.090
6.580
1.4
87.0
96.0
105.0
5.0
176.0
188.0
201.0
17
1.920
2.300
2.690
33
5.780
6.280
6.790
1.5
89.0
98.0
107.0
5.1
179.0
191.0
204.0
18
2.210
2.610
3.000
34
5.960
6.470
6.980
1.6
92.0
101.0
110.0
5.2
181.0
194.0
207.0
19
2.490
2.900
3.310
35
6.140
6.650
7.160
1.7
94.0
103.0
112.0
5.3
183.0
197.0
210.0
20
2.760
3.190
3.610
36
6.310
6.830
7.340
1.8
97.0
106.0
115.0
5.4
186.0
200.0
214.0
21
3.030
3.470
3.900
37
6.480
7.000
7.510
1.9
99.0
108.0
117.0
5.5
189.0
203.0
217.0
22
3.300
3.740
4.180
38
6.640
7.160
7.680
2.0
102.0
111.0
120.0
5.6
192.0
206.0
220.0
Reference Manual 57
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
Fetal Growth Table
2.1
104.0
113.0
122.0
5.7
195.0
209.0
223.0
2.2
106.0
116.0
125.0
5.8
197.0
211.0
225.0
“Normal Fetal Development Profiles - A Model to obtain Standard Development Graphs for
the Head and Abdominal Parameters and the Long Limb Bones“
2.3
108.0
118.0
127.0
5.9
200.0
214.0
228.0
Ultraschall in der Medizin 17 (1996) 153-162
2.4
111.0
120.0
130.0
6.0
203.0
217.0
231.0
2.5
113.0
123.0
134.0
6.1
207.0
221.0
235.0
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
2.6
115.0
125.0
136.0
6.2
209.0
223.0
237.0
88
0.600
0.900
1.200
193
4.800
5.200
5.700
2.7
118.0
128.0
139.0
6.3
212.0
226.0
240.0
91
0.800
1.100
1.400
196
4.900
5.300
5.800
95
1.000
1.300
1.600
200
5.000
5.500
5.900
Merz E., Wellek S.
2.8
120.0
130.0
141.0
6.4
216.0
230.0
244.0
2.9
123.0
133.0
144.0
6.5
218.0
232.0
246.0
98
1.100
1.500
1.800
203
5.100
5.600
6.000
102
1.300
1.600
2.000
207
5.200
5.700
6.100
3.0
125.0
136.0
146.0
6.6
221.0
235.0
249.0
3.1
127.0
138.0
148.0
6.7
224.0
239.0
253.0
105
1.500
1.800
2.100
210
5.300
5.800
6.200
1.600
2.000
2.300
214
5.400
5.900
6.300
1.800
2.100
2.500
217
5.500
6.000
6.400
3.2
130.0
141.0
151.0
6.8
227.0
242.0
256.0
109
3.3
132.0
144.0
155.0
6.9
230.0
245.0
260.0
112
3.4
134.0
146.0
157.0
7.0
233.0
248.0
263.0
116
1.900
2.300
2.600
221
5.600
6.100
6.600
119
2.100
2.400
2.800
224
5.700
6.200
6.700
3.5
137.0
148.0
160.0
7.1
237.0
251.0
266.0
3.6
140.0
151.0
162.0
7.2
239.0
254.0
269.0
123
2.200
2.600
2.900
228
5.800
6.300
6.800
126
2.400
2.700
3.100
231
5.900
6.400
6.900
3.7
142.0
153.0
165.0
7.3
242.0
258.0
273.0
3.8
145.0
156.0
167.0
7.4
246.0
261.0
277.0
130
2.500
2.900
3.200
235
6.000
6.500
7.000
2.700
3.000
3.400
238
6.100
6.600
7.100
2.800
3.200
3.500
242
6.200
6.700
7.200
3.9
147.0
159.0
171.0
7.5
249.0
264.0
279.0
133
4.0
150.0
162.0
174.0
7.6
252.0
267.0
283.0
137
4.1
152.0
164.0
176.0
7.7
256.0
271.0
286.0
140
2.900
3.300
3.700
245
6.300
6.800
7.300
144
3.100
3.500
3.800
249
6.400
6.900
7.400
4.2
155.0
167.0
179.0
7.8
259.0
274.0
290.0
4.3
158.0
169.0
181.0
7.9
262.0
277.0
293.0
147
3.200
3.600
4.000
252
6.500
7.000
7.400
296.0
151
3.300
3.700
4.100
256
6.600
7.000
7.500
154
3.500
3.900
4.200
259
6.600
7.100
7.600
4.4
160.0
172.0
185.0
4.5
162.0
175.0
188.0
8.0
265.0
281.0
Reference Manual 58
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
158
3.600
4.000
4.400
263
6.700
7.200
7.700
20
2.900
3.200
3.600
33
5.900
6.400
6.900
161
3.700
4.100
4.500
266
6.800
7.300
7.800
21
3.200
3.500
3.900
34
6.100
6.600
7.100
165
3.900
4.300
4.600
270
6.900
7.400
7.900
22
3.400
3.800
4.200
35
6.300
6.800
7.300
168
4.000
4.400
4.800
273
6.900
7.400
7.900
23
3.700
4.100
4.500
36
6.400
6.900
7.400
172
4.100
4.500
4.900
277
7.000
7.500
8.000
24
3.900
4.300
4.700
37
6.600
7.100
7.600
175
4.200
4.600
5.000
280
7.100
7.600
8.100
25
4.200
4.600
5.000
38
6.700
7.200
7.700
179
4.300
4.800
5.200
284
7.100
7.600
8.100
26
4.400
4.800
5.300
39
6.800
7.300
7.800
182
4.500
4.900
5.300
287
7.200
7.700
8.200
186
4.600
5.000
5.400
291
7.200
7.700
8.300
189
4.700
5.100
5.500
Femur Length (FL) : OSAKA
GA Table
Prenatal care Val. 9 No. 5
Femur Length (FL) : NICOLAIDES
Fetal Growth Table
R. J. M. Snijders and K. H. Nicolaides; “Fetal biometry at 14-40 weeks’ gestation“ Ultrasound
Obstet. Gynecol. 4 (1994) 34-48
Meas (cm)
Mean (day)
Meas (cm)
Mean (day)
Meas (cm)
Mean (day)
0.94
91.0
3.61
155.0
5.69
219.0
0.98
92.0
3.64
156.0
5.71
220.0
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
1.03
93.0
3.68
157.0
5.74
221.0
1.07
94.0
3.72
158.0
5.77
222.0
14
1.400
1.700
1.900
27
4.700
5.100
5.500
1.12
95.0
3.75
159.0
5.8
223.0
15
1.700
1.900
2.200
28
4.900
5.300
5.800
1.17
96.0
3.79
160.0
5.82
224.0
16
1.900
2.200
2.500
29
5.100
5.600
6.000
1.21
97.0
3.83
161.0
5.85
225.0
17
2.100
2.400
2.800
30
5.300
5.800
6.300
1.26
98.0
3.86
162.0
5.88
226.0
18
2.400
2.700
3.000
31
5.500
6.000
6.500
1.3
99.0
3.9
163.0
5.9
227.0
19
2.600
3.000
3.300
32
5.700
6.200
6.700
1.35
100.0
3.93
164.0
5.93
228.0
Reference Manual 59
Meas (cm)
Mean (day)
Meas (cm)
Mean (day)
Meas (cm)
Mean (day)
Meas (cm)
Mean (day)
Meas (cm)
Mean (day)
Meas (cm)
Mean (day)
1.39
101.0
3.97
165.0
5.96
229.0
2.43
125.0
4.78
189.0
6.55
253.0
1.44
102.0
4.01
166.0
5.98
230.0
2.47
126.0
4.82
190.0
6.57
254.0
1.48
103.0
4.04
167.0
6.01
231.0
2.51
127.0
4.85
191.0
6.6
255.0
1.53
104.0
4.08
168.0
6.04
232.0
2.55
128.0
4.88
192.0
6.62
256.0
1.57
105.0
4.11
169.0
6.06
233.0
2.59
129.0
4.91
193.0
6.64
257.0
1.61
106.0
4.15
170.0
6.09
234.0
2.63
130.0
4.94
194.0
6.66
258.0
1.66
107.0
4.18
171.0
6.11
235.0
2.67
131.0
4.97
195.0
6.69
259.0
1.7
108.0
4.22
172.0
6.14
236.0
2.71
132.0
5.01
196.0
6.71
260.0
1.75
109.0
4.25
173.0
6.16
237.0
2.75
133.0
5.04
197.0
6.73
261.0
1.79
110.0
4.28
174.0
6.19
238.0
2.79
134.0
5.07
198.0
6.75
262.0
1.83
111.0
4.32
175.0
6.21
239.0
2.83
135.0
5.1
199.0
6.77
263.0
1.88
112.0
4.35
176.0
6.24
240.0
2.87
136.0
5.13
200.0
6.79
264.0
1.92
113.0
4.39
177.0
6.26
241.0
2.91
137.0
5.16
201.0
6.82
265.0
1.96
114.0
4.42
178.0
6.29
242.0
2.95
138.0
5.19
202.0
6.84
266.0
2.01
115.0
4.45
179.0
6.31
243.0
2.99
139.0
5.22
203.0
6.86
267.0
2.05
116.0
4.49
180.0
6.34
244.0
3.03
140.0
5.25
204.0
6.88
268.0
2.09
117.0
4.52
181.0
6.36
245.0
3.07
141.0
5.28
205.0
6.9
269.0
2.13
118.0
4.56
182.0
6.39
246.0
3.11
142.0
5.31
206.0
6.92
270.0
2.18
119.0
4.59
183.0
6.41
247.0
3.15
143.0
5.34
207.0
6.94
271.0
2.22
120.0
4.62
184.0
6.43
248.0
3.19
144.0
5.37
208.0
6.96
272.0
2.26
121.0
4.65
185.0
6.46
249.0
3.23
145.0
5.4
209.0
6.98
273.0
2.3
122.0
4.69
186.0
6.48
250.0
3.27
146.0
5.43
210.0
7.0
274.0
2.34
123.0
4.72
187.0
6.5
251.0
3.3
147.0
5.46
211.0
7.02
275.0
2.39
124.0
4.75
188.0
6.53
252.0
3.34
148.0
5.49
212.0
7.04
276.0
Reference Manual 60
Meas (cm)
Mean (day)
Meas (cm)
Mean (day)
Meas (cm)
Mean (day)
3.38
149.0
5.52
213.0
7.06
277.0
3.42
150.0
5.54
214.0
7.08
278.0
3.46
151.0
5.57
215.0
7.1
279.0
3.49
152.0
5.6
216.0
7.12
280.0
3.53
153.0
5.63
217.0
3.57
154.0
5.66
218.0
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
104
1.200
1.530
1.860
199
4.695
5.100
5.505
105
1.240
1.570
1.900
200
4.725
5.130
5.535
106
1.280
1.610
1.940
201
4.755
5.160
5.565
107
1.330
1.660
1.990
202
4.785
5.190
5.595
108
1.370
1.700
2.030
203
4.815
5.220
5.625
109
1.420
1.750
2.080
204
4.845
5.250
5.655
110
1.460
1.790
2.120
205
4.860
5.280
5.700
Fetal Growth Table
111
1.500
1.830
2.160
206
4.890
5.310
5.730
Perinatal care Vol. 9 No. 5
112
1.550
1.880
2.210
207
4.920
5.340
5.760
113
1.590
1.920
2.250
208
4.950
5.370
5.790
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
114
1.630
1.960
2.290
209
4.980
5.400
5.820
115
1.665
2.010
2.355
210
5.010
5.430
5.850
91
0.625
0.940
1.255
186
4.300
4.690
5.080
92
0.665
0.980
1.295
187
4.315
4.720
5.125
116
1.705
2.050
2.395
211
5.040
5.460
5.880
117
1.745
2.090
2.435
212
5.070
5.490
5.910
93
0.715
1.030
1.345
188
4.345
4.750
5.155
94
0.755
1.070
1.385
189
4.375
4.780
5.185
118
1.785
2.130
2.475
213
5.100
5.520
5.940
119
1.835
2.180
2.525
214
5.120
5.540
5.960
95
0.805
1.120
1.435
190
4.415
4.820
5.225
96
0.855
1.170
1.485
191
4.445
4.850
5.255
120
1.875
2.220
2.565
215
5.150
5.570
5.990
1.915
2.260
2.605
216
5.180
5.600
6.020
1.955
2.300
2.645
217
5.210
5.630
6.050
97
0.880
1.210
1.540
192
4.475
4.880
5.285
121
98
0.930
1.260
1.590
193
4.505
4.910
5.315
122
99
0.970
1.300
1.630
194
4.535
4.940
5.345
123
1.995
2.340
2.685
218
5.240
5.660
6.080
124
2.045
2.390
2.735
219
5.270
5.690
6.110
100
1.020
1.350
1.680
195
4.565
4.970
5.375
101
1.060
1.390
1.720
196
4.605
5.010
5.415
125
2.085
2.430
2.775
220
5.290
5.710
6.130
2.125
2.470
2.815
221
5.320
5.740
6.160
2.165
2.510
2.855
222
5.350
5.770
6.190
102
1.110
1.440
1.770
197
4.635
5.040
5.445
126
103
1.150
1.480
1.810
198
4.665
5.070
5.475
127
Reference Manual 61
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
128
2.205
2.550
2.895
223
5.365
5.800
6.235
152
3.115
3.490
3.865
247
5.960
6.410
6.860
129
2.245
2.590
2.935
224
5.385
5.820
6.255
153
3.155
3.530
3.905
248
5.980
6.430
6.880
130
2.285
2.630
2.975
225
5.415
5.850
6.285
154
3.195
3.570
3.945
249
6.010
6.460
6.910
131
2.325
2.670
3.015
226
5.445
5.880
6.315
155
3.235
3.610
3.985
250
6.030
6.480
6.930
132
2.365
2.710
3.055
227
5.465
5.900
6.335
156
3.265
3.640
4.015
251
6.050
6.500
6.950
133
2.390
2.750
3.110
228
5.495
5.930
6.365
157
3.305
3.680
4.055
252
6.080
6.530
6.980
134
2.430
2.790
3.150
229
5.525
5.960
6.395
158
3.345
3.720
4.095
253
6.100
6.550
7.000
135
2.470
2.830
3.190
230
5.545
5.980
6.415
159
3.375
3.750
4.125
254
6.120
6.570
7.020
136
2.510
2.870
3.230
231
5.575
6.010
6.445
160
3.415
3.790
4.165
255
6.150
6.600
7.050
137
2.550
2.910
3.270
232
5.605
6.040
6.475
161
3.455
3.830
4.205
256
6.170
6.620
7.070
138
2.590
2.950
3.310
233
5.625
6.060
6.495
162
3.485
3.860
4.235
257
6.190
6.640
7.090
139
2.630
2.990
3.350
234
5.655
6.090
6.525
163
3.525
3.900
4.275
258
6.210
6.660
7.110
140
2.670
3.030
3.390
235
5.675
6.110
6.545
164
3.555
3.930
4.305
259
6.225
6.690
7.155
141
2.710
3.070
3.430
236
5.705
6.140
6.575
165
3.595
3.970
4.345
260
6.245
6.710
7.175
142
2.750
3.110
3.470
237
5.725
6.160
6.595
166
3.635
4.010
4.385
261
6.265
6.730
7.195
143
2.790
3.150
3.510
238
5.755
6.190
6.625
167
3.665
4.040
4.415
262
6.285
6.750
7.215
144
2.830
3.190
3.550
239
5.775
6.210
6.645
168
3.705
4.080
4.455
263
6.305
6.770
7.235
145
2.870
3.230
3.590
240
5.805
6.240
6.675
169
3.720
4.110
4.500
264
6.325
6.790
7.255
146
2.910
3.270
3.630
241
5.810
6.260
6.710
170
3.760
4.150
4.540
265
6.355
6.820
7.285
147
2.940
3.300
3.660
242
5.840
6.290
6.740
171
3.790
4.180
4.570
266
6.375
6.840
7.305
148
2.980
3.340
3.700
243
5.860
6.310
6.760
172
3.830
4.220
4.610
267
6.395
6.860
7.325
149
3.020
3.380
3.740
244
5.890
6.340
6.790
173
3.860
4.250
4.640
268
6.415
6.880
7.345
150
3.060
3.420
3.780
245
5.910
6.360
6.810
174
3.890
4.280
4.670
269
6.435
6.900
7.365
151
3.085
3.460
3.835
246
5.940
6.390
6.840
175
3.930
4.320
4.710
270
6.455
6.920
7.385
Reference Manual 62
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
SD
(day)
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
SD
(day)
176
3.960
4.350
4.740
271
6.475
6.940
7.405
2.4
115.0
122.0
129.0
7.0
5.0
188.0
198.0
208.0
10.0
2.5
118.0
125.0
132.0
7.0
5.1
191.0
201.0
211.0
10.0
177
4.000
4.390
4.780
272
6.495
6.960
7.425
178
4.030
4.420
4.810
273
6.515
6.980
7.445
2.6
120.0
127.0
134.0
7.0
5.2
194.0
205.0
216.0
11.0
179
4.060
4.450
4.840
274
6.535
7.000
7.465
2.7
122.0
129.0
136.0
7.0
5.3
197.0
208.0
219.0
11.0
180
4.100
4.490
4.880
275
6.555
7.020
7.485
2.8
125.0
132.0
139.0
7.0
5.4
201.0
212.0
223.0
11.0
181
4.130
4.520
4.910
276
6.575
7.040
7.505
182
4.170
4.560
4.950
277
6.580
7.060
7.540
183
4.200
4.590
4.980
278
6.600
7.080
7.560
184
4.230
4.620
5.010
279
6.620
7.100
7.580
185
4.260
4.650
5.040
280
6.640
7.120
7.600
Femur Length (FL) : SHINOZUKA
2.9
127.0
134.0
141.0
7.0
5.5
204.0
215.0
226.0
11.0
3.0
129.0
137.0
145.0
8.0
5.6
208.0
219.0
230.0
11.0
3.1
132.0
140.0
148.0
8.0
5.7
212.0
223.0
234.0
11.0
3.2
134.0
142.0
150.0
8.0
5.8
216.0
227.0
238.0
11.0
3.3
137.0
145.0
153.0
8.0
5.9
219.0
231.0
243.0
12.0
3.4
140.0
148.0
156.0
8.0
6.0
222.0
234.0
246.0
12.0
3.5
142.0
150.0
158.0
8.0
6.1
226.0
238.0
250.0
12.0
3.6
145.0
153.0
161.0
8.0
6.2
230.0
242.0
254.0
12.0
GA Table
3.7
147.0
156.0
165.0
9.0
6.3
234.0
246.0
258.0
12.0
“Shinozuka N., Masuda H., Kagawa H., Taketani Y.
3.8
150.0
159.0
168.0
9.0
6.4
238.0
250.0
262.0
12.0
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Tokyo Faculty of Medicine, “Standard
Values of Ultrasonographic Fetal Biometry“
Jpn J Med Ultrasonics 23 (12) 877-888; 1996“
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
SD
(day)
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
SD
(day)
2.0
107.0
113.0
119.0
6.0
4.6
174.0
184.0
194.0
10.0
2.1
109.0
115.0
121.0
6.0
4.7
177.0
187.0
197.0
10.0
2.2
112.0
118.0
124.0
6.0
4.8
181.0
191.0
201.0
10.0
2.3
113.0
120.0
127.0
7.0
4.9
184.0
194.0
204.0
10.0
3.9
153.0
162.0
171.0
9.0
6.5
242.0
254.0
266.0
12.0
4.0
155.0
164.0
173.0
9.0
6.6
247.0
259.0
271.0
12.0
4.1
159.0
168.0
177.0
9.0
6.7
250.0
263.0
276.0
13.0
4.2
162.0
171.0
180.0
9.0
6.8
254.0
267.0
280.0
13.0
4.3
165.0
174.0
183.0
9.0
6.9
258.0
271.0
284.0
13.0
4.4
169.0
178.0
187.0
9.0
7.0
263.0
276.0
289.0
13.0
4.5
171.0
181.0
191.0
10.0
Reference Manual 63
Fetal Growth Table
Femur Length (FL) : TOKYO
Shinozuka N., Masuda H., Kagawa H., Taketani Y.
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tokyo “Standard
Values of Ultrasonographic Fetal Biometry“ Jpn J Med Ultrasonics 23 (12) 877-888; 1996
GA Table
Tokyo University Method 1986, 6 by University Tokyo
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(mm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
SD
(day)
Meas
(mm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
SD
(day)
16
1.710
2.140
2.580
30
4.970
5.480
6.000
33.0
137.0
143.0
149.0
6.0
53.0
200.0
207.0
214.0
7.0
17
1.960
2.400
2.840
31
5.160
5.680
6.200
34.0
140.0
146.0
152.0
6.0
54.0
203.0
210.0
217.0
7.0
18
2.210
2.650
3.100
32
5.350
5.870
6.400
35.0
143.0
149.0
155.0
6.0
55.0
207.0
214.0
221.0
7.0
19
2.460
2.910
3.360
33
5.520
6.050
6.580
20
2.710
3.160
3.620
34
5.690
6.220
6.760
21
2.950
3.410
3.880
35
5.840
6.380
6.920
22
3.190
3.660
4.130
36
5.990
6.530
7.080
23
3.430
3.910
4.380
37
6.120
6.670
7.220
24
3.670
4.150
4.630
38
6.240
6.800
7.360
25
3.900
4.390
4.870
39
6.350
6.910
7.470
26
4.130
4.620
5.110
40
6.440
7.010
7.580
27
4.350
4.840
5.340
41
6.530
7.100
7.670
28
4.560
5.060
5.570
42
6.590
7.170
7.750
29
4.770
5.280
5.790
36.0
147.0
153.0
159.0
6.0
56.0
210.0
217.0
224.0
7.0
37.0
150.0
156.0
162.0
6.0
57.0
213.0
220.0
227.0
7.0
38.0
153.0
159.0
165.0
6.0
58.0
217.0
224.0
231.0
7.0
39.0
156.0
162.0
168.0
6.0
59.0
220.0
228.0
236.0
8.0
40.0
160.0
166.0
172.0
6.0
60.0
223.0
231.0
239.0
8.0
41.0
163.0
169.0
175.0
6.0
61.0
227.0
235.0
243.0
8.0
42.0
166.0
172.0
178.0
6.0
62.0
231.0
239.0
247.0
8.0
43.0
169.0
175.0
181.0
6.0
63.0
235.0
243.0
251.0
8.0
44.0
172.0
178.0
184.0
6.0
64.0
239.0
247.0
255.0
8.0
45.0
175.0
181.0
187.0
6.0
65.0
243.0
251.0
259.0
8.0
46.0
178.0
185.0
192.0
7.0
66.0
248.0
256.0
264.0
8.0
47.0
181.0
188.0
195.0
7.0
67.0
252.0
260.0
268.0
8.0
48.0
184.0
191.0
198.0
7.0
68.0
259.0
266.0
273.0
7.0
49.0
187.0
194.0
201.0
7.0
69.0
264.0
271.0
278.0
7.0
50.0
190.0
197.0
204.0
7.0
70.0
271.0
278.0
285.0
7.0
51.0
193.0
200.0
207.0
7.0
71.0
280.0
286.0
292.0
6.0
52.0
197.0
204.0
211.0
7.0
Reference Manual 64
Fetal Growth Table
Norio Shinozuka, Takashi Okai, Masahiko Mizuno Issued by Shindan & Tiryo Sya
Tokyo University, School of Medicine, OB/GYN dept. “How to interpret OB/GYN ultrasound
measurement data“; 80. Fetal Measurement Obstetrics & Gynecology Chapter 56 Separate
volume; 1989, Oct. 27th Publication
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
140
2.670
3.230
3.420
214
4.860
5.530
6.190
141
2.700
3.260
3.470
215
4.880
5.560
6.220
142
2.730
3.290
3.510
216
4.910
5.580
6.240
143
2.760
3.320
3.560
217
4.940
5.610
6.270
144
2.800
3.350
3.600
218
4.960
5.640
6.300
145
2.830
3.380
3.650
219
4.990
5.670
6.330
146
2.860
3.410
3.690
220
5.010
5.700
6.360
147
2.890
3.440
3.730
221
5.040
5.730
6.380
148
2.920
3.470
3.780
222
5.070
5.760
6.410
149
2.960
3.500
3.820
223
5.090
5.790
6.440
150
2.990
3.530
3.870
224
5.120
5.820
6.470
151
3.020
3.560
3.910
225
5.140
5.840
6.490
152
3.050
3.590
3.950
226
5.170
5.870
6.520
153
3.080
3.620
3.990
227
5.190
5.900
6.550
154
3.110
3.650
4.040
228
5.220
5.930
6.570
155
3.150
3.690
4.080
229
5.250
5.950
6.600
156
3.180
3.720
4.120
230
5.270
5.980
6.620
157
3.210
3.750
4.160
231
5.300
6.010
6.650
158
3.240
3.780
4.210
232
5.320
6.040
6.670
159
3.270
3.810
4.250
233
5.350
6.060
6.700
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
160
3.300
3.840
4.290
234
5.370
6.090
6.720
161
3.330
3.870
4.330
235
5.400
6.120
6.750
162
3.360
3.900
4.370
236
5.420
6.140
6.770
163
3.390
3.930
4.410
237
5.450
6.170
6.800
164
3.420
3.970
4.450
238
5.470
6.190
6.820
165
3.460
4.000
4.490
239
5.500
6.220
6.840
166
3.490
4.030
4.530
240
5.520
6.240
6.870
167
3.520
4.060
4.570
241
5.550
6.270
6.890
168
3.550
4.090
4.610
242
5.570
6.300
6.910
169
3.580
4.120
4.650
243
5.590
6.320
6.940
170
3.610
4.160
4.690
244
5.620
6.340
6.960
171
3.640
4.190
4.730
245
5.640
6.370
6.980
172
3.670
4.220
4.770
246
5.670
6.390
7.000
173
3.700
4.250
4.810
247
5.690
6.420
7.030
174
3.730
4.280
4.840
248
5.710
6.440
7.050
175
3.760
4.310
4.880
249
5.740
6.460
7.070
176
3.790
4.350
4.920
250
5.760
6.490
7.090
177
3.820
4.380
4.960
251
5.790
6.510
7.110
178
3.850
4.410
4.990
252
5.810
6.530
7.130
179
3.870
4.440
5.030
253
5.830
6.550
7.150
180
3.900
4.470
5.070
254
5.860
6.580
7.170
181
3.930
4.500
5.100
255
5.880
6.600
7.190
182
3.960
4.540
5.140
256
5.900
6.620
7.210
183
3.990
4.570
5.180
257
5.930
6.640
7.230
Reference Manual 65
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
184
4.020
4.600
5.210
258
5.950
6.660
7.250
209
4.720
5.380
6.040
283
6.500
7.070
7.660
185
4.050
4.630
5.250
259
5.970
6.680
7.270
210
4.750
5.410
6.070
284
6.520
7.080
7.680
186
4.080
4.660
5.280
260
6.000
6.700
7.290
211
4.780
5.440
6.100
285
6.540
7.100
7.690
187
4.110
4.690
5.320
261
6.020
6.720
7.310
212
4.800
5.470
6.130
286
6.560
7.110
7.700
188
4.140
4.730
5.350
262
6.040
6.740
7.330
213
4.830
5.500
6.160
287
6.590
7.120
7.720
189
4.170
4.760
5.390
263
6.060
6.760
7.340
190
4.190
4.790
5.420
264
6.090
6.780
7.360
191
4.220
4.820
5.460
265
6.110
6.800
7.380
192
4.250
4.850
5.490
266
6.130
6.820
7.400
193
4.280
4.880
5.530
267
6.150
6.830
7.420
194
4.310
4.910
5.560
268
6.180
6.850
7.430
195
4.340
4.950
5.590
269
6.200
6.870
7.450
196
4.360
4.980
5.630
270
6.220
6.890
7.470
197
4.390
5.010
5.660
271
6.240
6.900
7.480
2.25
98.0
105.0
Anterior Posterior Thoracic Diameter (APTD) : HANSMANN
GA Table
Hansmann M. “Ultraschallbiometrie im II. und III. Trimester der Schwangerschaft“
Gynäkologe 9 (1976) 144
Meas (cm)
Mean (day)
Meas (cm)
Mean (day)
Meas (cm)
Mean (day)
5.15
168.0
8.15
238.0
5.48
175.0
8.4
245.0
198
4.420
5.040
5.690
272
6.260
6.920
7.500
2.58
199
4.450
5.070
5.720
273
6.290
6.930
7.510
2.85
112.0
5.8
182.0
8.75
252.0
3.11
119.0
6.15
189.0
9.02
259.0
200
4.480
5.100
5.760
274
6.310
6.950
7.530
201
4.500
5.130
5.790
275
6.330
6.970
7.550
3.46
126.0
6.39
196.0
9.3
266.0
202
4.530
5.160
5.820
276
6.350
6.980
7.560
3.75
133.0
6.7
203.0
9.53
273.0
4.0
140.0
7.01
210.0
9.68
280.0
203
4.560
5.190
5.850
277
6.370
6.990
7.580
204
4.590
5.220
5.880
278
6.400
7.010
7.590
4.34
147.0
7.25
217.0
9.84
287.0
205
4.610
5.250
5.920
279
6.420
7.020
7.610
4.65
154.0
7.62
224.0
9.91
294.0
206
4.640
5.290
5.950
280
6.440
7.040
7.620
4.9
161.0
7.93
231.0
207
4.670
5.320
5.980
281
6.460
7.050
7.630
208
4.690
5.350
6.010
282
6.480
7.060
7.650
Reference Manual 66
Fetal Growth Table
Hansmann M. “Ultraschallbiometrie im II. und III. Trimester der Schwangerschaft“ Gynäkologe
9 (1976) 133
Anterior Posterior Thoracic Diameter (APTD) and Thorax Transverse
Diameter (TTD) (AxT) : SHINOZUKA
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
GA Table
14
2.250
2.250
2.250
29
5.700
6.700
7.700
15
2.210
2.580
2.950
30
6.010
7.010
8.010
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Tokyo Faculty of Medicine, “Standard
Values of Ultrasonographic Fetal Biometry“ Jpn J Med Ultrasonics 23 (12) 877-888; 1996“
16
2.450
2.850
3.250
31
6.100
7.250
8.400
publiziert in: Der Frauenarzt 42 (2001), 327 ff.“
17
2.610
3.110
3.610
32
6.520
7.620
8.720
18
3.020
3.460
3.900
33
6.810
7.930
9.050
19
3.250
3.750
4.250
34
6.900
8.150
9.400
10.0
105.0
113.0
121.0
8.0
52.0
193.0
206.0
219.0
13.0
111.0
119.0
127.0
8.0
54.0
197.0
210.0
223.0
13.0
117.0
125.0
133.0
8.0
56.0
200.0
213.0
226.0
13.0
“Shinozuka N., Masuda H., Kagawa H., Taketani Y.
Meas
(cm2)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
SD
(day)
Meas
(cm2)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
SD
(day)
20
3.400
4.000
4.600
35
7.080
8.400
9.720
12.0
21
3.760
4.340
4.920
36
7.400
8.750
10.100
14.0
22
4.040
4.650
5.260
37
7.620
9.020
10.420
16.0
122.0
130.0
138.0
8.0
58.0
203.0
217.0
231.0
14.0
23
4.200
4.900
5.600
38
7.900
9.300
10.700
18.0
128.0
136.0
144.0
8.0
60.0
206.0
220.0
234.0
14.0
24
4.350
5.150
5.950
39
8.060
9.530
11.000
20.0
133.0
141.0
149.0
8.0
62.0
209.0
223.0
237.0
14.0
25
4.680
5.480
6.280
40
8.160
9.680
11.200
22.0
137.0
146.0
155.0
9.0
64.0
212.0
227.0
242.0
15.0
26
4.950
5.800
6.650
41
8.320
9.840
11.350
24.0
142.0
151.0
160.0
9.0
66.0
215.0
230.0
245.0
15.0
27
5.300
6.150
7.000
42
8.410
9.910
11.400
26.0
147.0
156.0
165.0
9.0
68.0
219.0
234.0
249.0
15.0
28
5.430
6.390
7.350
28.0
151.0
160.0
169.0
9.0
70.0
221.0
237.0
253.0
16.0
30.0
156.0
165.0
174.0
9.0
72.0
224.0
240.0
256.0
16.0
32.0
159.0
169.0
179.0
10.0
74.0
227.0
244.0
261.0
17.0
34.0
163.0
173.0
183.0
10.0
76.0
231.0
248.0
265.0
17.0
36.0
167.0
177.0
187.0
10.0
78.0
234.0
251.0
268.0
17.0
38.0
171.0
181.0
191.0
10.0
80.0
237.0
255.0
273.0
18.0
40.0
174.0
185.0
196.0
11.0
82.0
241.0
259.0
277.0
18.0
42.0
178.0
189.0
200.0
11.0
84.0
245.0
263.0
281.0
18.0
Reference Manual 67
Anterior Posterior Thoracic Diameter (APTD) and Thorax Transverse
Diameter (TTD) (AxT) : TOKYO
Meas
(cm2)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
SD
(day)
Meas
(cm2)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
SD
(day)
44.0
181.0
192.0
203.0
11.0
86.0
249.0
267.0
285.0
18.0
46.0
184.0
196.0
208.0
12.0
88.0
252.0
271.0
290.0
19.0
GA Table
90.0
256.0
275.0
294.0
19.0
“Shinozuka N., Masuda H., Kagawa H., Taketani Y.
48.0
188.0
200.0
212.0
12.0
50.0
191.0
203.0
215.0
12.0
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Tokyo Faculty of Medicine, “Standard
Values of Ultrasonographic Fetal Biometry“
Jpn J Med Ultrasonics 23 (12) 877-888; 1996“
Fetal Growth Table
Meas
(cm2)
Shinozuka N., Masuda H., Kagawa H., Taketani Y.
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Tokyo Faculty of Medicine, “Standard
Values of Ultrasonographic Fetal Biometry“ Jpn J Med Ultrasonics 23 (12) 877-888; 1996
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm2)
Mean
(cm2)
Upper
(cm2)
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm2)
Mean
(cm2)
Upper
(cm2)
16
7.000
11.200
15.500
30
43.500
55.700
68.000
17
8.700
13.300
18.000
31
46.800
59.700
72.700
18
10.500
15.600
20.700
32
50.000
63.800
77.600
19
12.500
18.100
23.600
33
53.300
67.800
82.400
20
14.700
20.800
26.800
34
56.600
71.900
87.300
21
17.100
23.600
30.200
35
59.700
75.900
92.200
22
19.600
26.700
33.800
36
62.800
79.900
97.000
23
22.200
29.900
37.500
37
65.900
83.900
101.900
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
SD
(day)
Meas
(cm2)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
SD
(day)
10.0
105.0
113.0
121.0
8.0
52.0
193.0
206.0
219.0
13.0
12.0
111.0
119.0
127.0
8.0
54.0
197.0
210.0
223.0
13.0
14.0
117.0
125.0
133.0
8.0
56.0
200.0
213.0
226.0
13.0
16.0
122.0
130.0
138.0
8.0
58.0
203.0
217.0
231.0
14.0
18.0
128.0
136.0
144.0
8.0
60.0
206.0
220.0
234.0
14.0
20.0
133.0
141.0
149.0
8.0
62.0
209.0
223.0
237.0
14.0
22.0
137.0
146.0
155.0
9.0
64.0
212.0
227.0
242.0
15.0
24.0
142.0
151.0
160.0
9.0
66.0
215.0
230.0
245.0
15.0
26.0
147.0
156.0
165.0
9.0
68.0
219.0
234.0
249.0
15.0
28.0
151.0
160.0
169.0
9.0
70.0
221.0
237.0
253.0
16.0
30.0
156.0
165.0
174.0
9.0
72.0
224.0
240.0
256.0
16.0
32.0
159.0
169.0
179.0
10.0
74.0
227.0
244.0
261.0
17.0
34.0
163.0
173.0
183.0
10.0
76.0
231.0
248.0
265.0
17.0
24
25.000
33.200
41.500
38
68.800
87.700
106.700
25
27.900
36.700
45.600
39
71.600
91.500
111.400
26
30.900
40.300
49.800
40
74.300
95.100
116.000
36.0
167.0
177.0
187.0
10.0
78.0
234.0
251.0
268.0
17.0
171.0
181.0
191.0
10.0
80.0
237.0
255.0
273.0
18.0
27
33.900
44.100
54.200
41
76.800
98.600
120.500
38.0
28
37.100
47.900
58.700
42
79.100
102.000
124.800
40.0
174.0
185.0
196.0
11.0
82.0
241.0
259.0
277.0
18.0
29
40.300
51.800
63.300
42.0
178.0
189.0
200.0
11.0
84.0
245.0
263.0
281.0
18.0
Reference Manual 68
Meas
(cm2)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
SD
(day)
Meas
(cm2)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
SD
(day)
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm2)
Mean
(cm2)
Upper
(cm2)
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm2)
Mean
(cm2)
Upper
(cm2)
44.0
181.0
192.0
203.0
11.0
86.0
249.0
267.0
285.0
18.0
152
17.780
24.990
33.070
226
48.630
61.110
76.200
46.0
184.0
196.0
208.0
12.0
88.0
252.0
271.0
290.0
19.0
153
18.030
25.380
33.540
227
49.040
61.670
76.860
19.0
154
18.300
25.770
34.020
228
49.450
62.230
77.510
155
18.570
26.170
34.500
229
49.860
62.790
78.170
156
18.860
26.570
34.980
230
50.270
63.350
78.830
157
19.160
26.970
35.470
231
50.680
63.910
79.480
158
19.470
27.380
35.960
232
51.080
64.470
80.140
159
19.790
27.780
36.460
233
51.490
65.040
80.800
160
20.130
28.200
36.960
234
51.890
65.600
81.460
161
20.470
28.610
37.460
235
52.300
66.170
82.110
162
20.820
29.030
37.960
236
52.710
66.730
82.770
163
21.170
29.450
38.470
237
53.110
67.300
83.430
164
21.540
29.880
38.990
238
53.520
67.860
84.090
165
21.920
30.310
39.500
239
53.930
68.430
84.750
166
22.300
30.740
40.020
240
54.340
68.990
85.400
167
22.690
31.170
40.550
241
54.750
69.560
86.060
168
23.080
31.610
41.070
242
55.160
70.120
86.720
169
23.480
32.050
41.600
243
55.570
70.690
87.370
170
23.890
32.490
42.140
244
55.990
71.260
88.030
171
24.300
32.940
42.670
245
56.410
71.820
88.680
172
24.720
33.380
43.210
246
56.830
72.390
89.340
173
25.150
33.840
43.760
247
57.250
72.950
89.990
174
25.570
34.290
44.310
248
57.680
73.520
90.640
175
26.010
34.750
44.860
249
58.110
74.090
91.290
176
26.440
35.210
45.410
250
58.540
74.650
91.940
48.0
188.0
200.0
212.0
12.0
50.0
191.0
203.0
215.0
12.0
90.0
256.0
275.0
294.0
Fetal Growth Table
Norio Shinozuka, Takashi Okai, Masahiko Mizuno Issued by Shindan & Tiryo Sya
Tokyo University, School of Medicine, OB/GYN dept.
“How to interpret OB/GYN ultrasound measurement data“; 80. Fetal Measurement Obstetrics
& Gynecology Chapter 56 Separate volume; 1989, Oct. 27th Publication
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm2)
Mean
(cm2)
Upper
(cm2)
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm2)
Mean
(cm2)
Upper
(cm2)
140
15.950
20.570
27.710
214
43.600
54.480
68.400
141
16.010
20.920
28.130
215
44.030
55.030
69.040
142
16.080
21.270
28.560
216
44.450
55.570
69.690
143
16.180
21.630
29.000
217
44.880
56.120
70.330
144
16.290
21.990
29.430
218
45.300
56.670
70.980
145
16.420
22.350
29.870
219
45.730
57.220
71.630
146
16.570
22.720
30.320
220
46.150
57.770
72.280
147
16.730
23.090
30.770
221
46.560
58.330
72.930
148
16.910
23.460
31.220
222
46.980
58.880
73.580
149
17.110
23.840
31.680
223
47.400
59.440
74.240
150
17.320
24.220
32.140
224
47.810
59.990
74.890
151
17.540
24.600
32.600
225
48.220
60.550
75.540
Reference Manual 69
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm2)
Mean
(cm2)
Upper
(cm2)
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm2)
Mean
(cm2)
Upper
(cm2)
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm2)
Mean
(cm2)
Upper
(cm2)
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm2)
Mean
(cm2)
Upper
(cm2)
177
26.880
35.670
45.970
251
58.980
75.210
92.590
201
37.840
47.540
60.170
275
71.680
88.460
107.590
178
27.320
36.140
46.530
252
59.420
75.780
93.240
202
38.300
48.070
60.790
276
72.340
88.990
108.180
179
27.770
36.610
47.090
253
59.870
76.340
93.880
203
38.750
48.590
61.410
277
73.030
89.520
108.770
180
28.220
37.080
47.650
254
60.320
76.900
94.530
204
39.200
49.120
62.040
278
73.720
90.050
109.360
181
28.670
37.550
48.220
255
60.780
77.470
95.170
205
39.650
49.650
62.670
279
74.440
90.580
109.940
182
29.120
38.030
48.790
256
61.240
78.030
95.810
206
40.090
50.180
63.300
280
75.170
91.100
110.510
183
29.580
38.510
49.370
257
61.710
78.590
96.450
207
40.540
50.710
63.930
281
75.910
91.620
111.090
184
30.030
38.990
49.950
258
62.190
79.150
97.090
208
40.980
51.240
64.560
282
76.680
92.140
111.660
185
30.490
39.470
50.530
259
62.670
79.710
97.730
209
41.420
51.780
65.200
283
77.460
92.650
112.220
186
30.950
39.960
51.110
260
63.160
80.260
98.360
210
41.860
52.320
65.830
284
78.270
93.170
112.780
187
31.410
40.450
51.700
261
63.660
80.820
99.000
211
42.300
52.860
66.470
285
79.090
93.680
113.340
188
31.870
40.940
52.290
262
64.170
81.380
99.630
212
42.730
53.400
67.110
286
79.930
94.180
113.890
189
32.330
41.430
52.880
263
64.680
81.930
100.250
213
43.170
53.940
67.750
287
80.800
94.690
114.440
190
32.790
41.930
53.470
264
65.200
82.480
100.880
191
33.260
42.430
54.070
265
65.740
83.040
101.500
192
33.720
42.930
54.670
266
66.280
83.590
102.130
193
34.180
43.440
55.270
267
66.830
84.130
102.740
194
34.640
43.940
55.870
268
67.400
84.680
103.360
195
35.100
44.450
56.480
269
67.970
85.230
103.970
196
35.560
44.960
57.090
270
68.560
85.770
104.580
197
36.020
45.470
57.700
271
69.150
86.310
105.190
198
36.480
45.990
58.310
272
69.770
86.850
199
36.930
46.500
58.930
273
70.390
200
37.390
47.020
59.550
274
71.030
Gestational Sac (GS) : HANSMANN
GA Table
“Hansmann M., Hackelöer BJ, Staudach A., “Ultraschalldiagnostik in Geburtshilfe und
Gynäkologie“ Springer- Verlag, 1986, pp.36“
Meas (cm)
Mean (day)
Meas (cm)
Mean (day)
Meas (cm)
Mean (day)
105.800
0.7
34.0
1.3
44.0
2.8
58.0
87.390
106.400
0.9
40.0
1.5
47.0
3.4
63.0
87.930
107.000
1.0
42.0
2.4
52.0
Reference Manual 70
Gestational Sac (GS) : HELLMAN
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
SD
(day)
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
SD
(day)
GA Table
1.1
31.0
41.0
51.0
10.0
4.7
62.0
72.0
82.0
10.0
“Hellman L.M., Kobayashi M, Fillisti L., et al. “Growth and development of the human fetus
prior to the 20th week of gestation“. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology; March
15; 1969; 789-800“
1.2
32.0
42.0
52.0
10.0
4.8
63.0
73.0
83.0
10.0
GA = ({OB_GS} + 2.543)/0.702
Output Unit: w (weeks)
Input Unit: cm
Min Range: 1.66cm
Max Range: 5.2cm
Gestational Sac (GS) : REMPEN
GA Table
Rempen A. “Biometrie in der Frühgravidität (I. Trimenon)“ Der Frauenarzt; 32,4 /1991
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
SD
(day)
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
SD
(day)
0.2
24.0
34.0
44.0
10.0
3.8
54.0
64.0
74.0
10.0
0.3
25.0
35.0
45.0
10.0
3.9
55.0
65.0
75.0
10.0
0.4
26.0
36.0
46.0
10.0
4.0
56.0
66.0
76.0
10.0
0.5
27.0
37.0
47.0
10.0
4.1
57.0
67.0
77.0
10.0
0.6
27.0
37.0
47.0
10.0
4.2
58.0
68.0
78.0
10.0
0.7
28.0
38.0
48.0
10.0
4.3
59.0
69.0
79.0
10.0
0.8
29.0
39.0
49.0
10.0
4.4
59.0
69.0
79.0
10.0
0.9
30.0
40.0
50.0
10.0
4.5
60.0
70.0
80.0
10.0
1.0
30.0
40.0
50.0
10.0
4.6
61.0
71.0
81.0
10.0
1.3
33.0
43.0
53.0
10.0
4.9
64.0
74.0
84.0
10.0
1.4
34.0
44.0
54.0
10.0
5.0
65.0
75.0
85.0
10.0
1.5
34.0
44.0
54.0
10.0
5.1
66.0
76.0
86.0
10.0
1.6
35.0
45.0
55.0
10.0
5.2
67.0
77.0
87.0
10.0
1.7
36.0
46.0
56.0
10.0
5.3
68.0
78.0
88.0
10.0
1.8
37.0
47.0
57.0
10.0
5.4
69.0
79.0
89.0
10.0
1.9
38.0
48.0
58.0
10.0
5.5
70.0
80.0
90.0
10.0
2.0
38.0
48.0
58.0
10.0
5.6
71.0
81.0
91.0
10.0
2.1
39.0
49.0
59.0
10.0
5.7
72.0
82.0
92.0
10.0
2.2
40.0
50.0
60.0
10.0
5.8
73.0
83.0
93.0
10.0
2.3
41.0
51.0
61.0
10.0
5.9
74.0
84.0
94.0
10.0
2.4
42.0
52.0
62.0
10.0
6.0
75.0
85.0
95.0
10.0
2.5
43.0
53.0
63.0
10.0
6.1
76.0
86.0
96.0
10.0
2.6
43.0
53.0
63.0
10.0
6.2
77.0
87.0
97.0
10.0
2.7
44.0
54.0
64.0
10.0
6.3
78.0
88.0
98.0
10.0
2.8
45.0
55.0
65.0
10.0
6.4
79.0
89.0
99.0
10.0
2.9
46.0
56.0
66.0
10.0
6.5
80.0
90.0
100.0
10.0
3.0
47.0
57.0
67.0
10.0
6.6
81.0
91.0
101.0
10.0
3.1
48.0
58.0
68.0
10.0
6.7
82.0
92.0
102.0
10.0
3.2
49.0
59.0
69.0
10.0
6.8
83.0
93.0
103.0
10.0
3.3
49.0
59.0
69.0
10.0
6.9
84.0
94.0
104.0
10.0
3.4
50.0
60.0
70.0
10.0
7.0
85.0
95.0
105.0
10.0
Reference Manual 71
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
SD
(day)
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
SD
(day)
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
3.5
51.0
61.0
71.0
10.0
7.1
86.0
96.0
106.0
10.0
48
1.010
2.060
3.110
79
4.010
5.060
6.110
3.6
52.0
62.0
72.0
10.0
7.2
88.0
98.0
108.0
10.0
49
1.120
2.170
3.220
80
4.090
5.140
6.190
10.0
50
1.240
2.290
3.340
81
4.160
5.210
6.260
51
1.350
2.400
3.450
82
4.240
5.290
6.340
52
1.460
2.510
3.560
83
4.310
5.360
6.410
53
1.570
2.620
3.670
84
4.380
5.430
6.480
54
1.680
2.730
3.780
85
4.460
5.510
6.560
55
1.790
2.840
3.890
86
4.530
5.580
6.630
56
1.900
2.950
4.000
87
4.590
5.640
6.690
57
2.000
3.050
4.100
88
4.660
5.710
6.760
58
2.110
3.160
4.210
89
4.730
5.780
6.830
59
2.210
3.260
4.310
90
4.790
5.840
6.890
60
2.310
3.360
4.410
91
4.860
5.910
6.960
61
2.410
3.460
4.510
92
4.920
5.970
7.020
62
2.510
3.560
4.610
93
4.980
6.030
7.080
3.7
53.0
63.0
73.0
10.0
7.3
89.0
99.0
109.0
Fetal Growth Table
Rempen A. “Biometrie in der Frühgravidität (I. Trimenon)“ Der Frauenarzt; 32,4 /1991
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
32
0.000
0.050
1.100
63
2.610
3.660
4.710
33
0.000
0.180
1.230
64
2.710
3.760
4.810
34
0.000
0.320
1.370
65
2.800
3.850
4.900
35
0.000
0.450
1.500
66
2.900
3.950
5.000
36
0.000
0.580
1.630
67
2.990
4.040
5.090
37
0.000
0.710
1.760
68
3.080
4.130
5.180
38
0.000
0.840
1.890
69
3.170
4.220
5.270
39
0.000
0.970
2.020
70
3.260
4.310
5.360
40
0.040
1.090
2.140
71
3.350
4.400
5.450
41
0.170
1.220
2.270
72
3.440
4.490
5.540
42
0.290
1.340
2.390
73
3.520
4.570
5.620
GA Table
43
0.410
1.460
2.510
74
3.610
4.660
5.710
Tokyo University Method 1986, 6 by University Tokyo
44
0.540
1.590
2.640
75
3.690
4.740
5.790
45
0.660
1.710
2.760
76
3.770
4.820
5.870
46
0.780
1.830
2.880
77
3.850
4.900
5.950
47
0.890
1.940
2.990
78
3.930
4.980
6.030
Gestational Sac (GS) : TOKYO
Meas
(mm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
SD
(day)
Meas
(mm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
SD
(day)
12.0
24.0
31.0
38.0
7.0
32.0
55.0
13.0
25.0
32.0
39.0
7.0
33.0
56.0
Reference Manual 72
Occipital Frontal Diameter (OFD) : ASUM
Meas
(mm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
SD
(day)
Meas
(mm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
SD
(day)
14.0
26.0
33.0
40.0
7.0
34.0
57.0
GA Table
15.0
27.0
34.0
41.0
7.0
35.0
58.0
16.0
29.0
36.0
43.0
7.0
36.0
59.0
“Ultrasonic fetal Measurement Standards for an Australian Population“, compiled by Susan
Campbell Westerway - Faculty of Health Sciences University of Sydney.
17.0
30.0
37.0
44.0
7.0
37.0
60.0
http://www.asum.com.au/open/home.htm
18.0
31.0
38.0
45.0
7.0
38.0
61.0
19.0
33.0
40.0
47.0
7.0
39.0
62.0
20.0
34.0
41.0
48.0
7.0
40.0
63.0
21.0
35.0
42.0
49.0
7.0
41.0
64.0
22.0
36.0
43.0
50.0
7.0
42.0
65.0
23.0
37.0
44.0
51.0
7.0
43.0
65.0
24.0
39.0
46.0
53.0
7.0
44.0
66.0
25.0
40.0
47.0
54.0
7.0
45.0
67.0
26.0
40.0
48.0
56.0
8.0
46.0
68.0
27.0
40.0
49.0
58.0
9.0
47.0
69.0
28.0
40.0
50.0
60.0
10.0
48.0
70.0
29.0
51.0
49.0
71.0
30.0
52.0
50.0
72.0
31.0
53.0
Date: December 2003
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
SD
(day)
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
SD
(day)
2.1
72.0
77.0
82.0
5.0
8.6
179.0
189.0
199.0
10.0
2.4
79.0
84.0
89.0
5.0
9.5
186.0
196.0
206.0
10.0
2.9
86.0
91.0
96.0
5.0
9.7
193.0
203.0
213.0
10.0
3.4
93.0
98.0
103.0
5.0
9.8
196.0
210.0
224.0
14.0
3.8
100.0
105.0
110.0
5.0
10.1
203.0
217.0
231.0
14.0
4.6
107.0
112.0
117.0
5.0
10.2
210.0
224.0
238.0
14.0
5.0
114.0
119.0
124.0
5.0
10.7
217.0
231.0
245.0
14.0
5.4
119.0
126.0
133.0
7.0
10.8
220.0
238.0
256.0
18.0
5.7
126.0
133.0
140.0
7.0
10.9
227.0
245.0
263.0
18.0
6.1
133.0
140.0
147.0
7.0
11.2
231.0
252.0
273.0
21.0
6.3
140.0
147.0
154.0
7.0
11.3
238.0
259.0
280.0
21.0
6.8
147.0
154.0
161.0
7.0
11.6
245.0
266.0
287.0
21.0
7.6
154.0
161.0
168.0
7.0
11.9
252.0
273.0
294.0
21.0
7.9
158.0
168.0
178.0
10.0
12.0
259.0
280.0
301.0
21.0
8.2
165.0
175.0
185.0
10.0
12.2
266.0
287.0
308.0
21.0
8.4
172.0
182.0
192.0
10.0
Reference Manual 73
Fetal Growth Table
Occipital Frontal Diameter (OFD) : HANSMANN
“Ultrasonic fetal Measurement Standards for an Australian Population“, compiled by Susan
Campbell Westerway Faculty of Health Sciences University of Sydney.
http://www.asum.com.au/open/home.htm
GA Table
Hansmann, Hackeloer, Staudach, Wittmann “Ultrasound Diagnosis in Obstetrics and
Gynecology“ Springer- Verlag, New York, 1986, p. 431
Date: December 2003
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
11
1.900
2.100
2.300
27
8.150
8.600
9.050
12
2.200
2.400
2.600
28
9.000
9.500
10.000
13
2.600
2.900
3.200
29
9.150
9.700
10.250
14
3.100
3.400
3.700
30
9.250
9.800
10.350
15
3.500
3.800
4.100
31
9.600
10.100
10.600
16
4.300
4.600
4.900
32
9.700
10.200
10.700
17
4.700
5.000
5.300
33
10.150
10.700
11.250
5.8
140.0
9.5
203.0
11.3
266.0
147.0
9.8
210.0
11.4
273.0
154.0
10.0
217.0
11.5
280.0
Meas (cm)
Mean (day)
Meas (cm)
Mean (day)
Meas (cm)
Mean (day)
3.1
98.0
7.2
161.0
10.3
224.0
3.8
105.0
7.6
168.0
10.5
231.0
4.1
112.0
8.0
175.0
10.7
238.0
4.6
119.0
8.4
182.0
10.9
245.0
5.0
126.0
8.8
189.0
11.1
252.0
5.4
133.0
9.1
196.0
11.2
259.0
18
5.050
5.400
5.750
34
10.250
10.800
11.350
6.3
19
5.350
5.700
6.050
35
10.350
10.900
11.450
6.7
20
5.750
6.100
6.450
36
10.650
11.200
11.750
21
5.900
6.300
6.700
37
10.700
11.300
11.900
22
6.450
6.800
7.150
38
11.050
11.600
12.150
23
7.200
7.600
8.000
39
11.300
11.900
12.500
24
7.500
7.900
8.300
40
11.400
12.000
12.600
25
7.750
8.200
8.650
41
11.600
12.200
12.800
26
7.950
8.400
8.850
Fetal Growth Table
Hansmann, Hackelöer, Staudach, (Wittmann) “Ultrasound Diagnosis in Obstetrics and
Gynecology“ Springer- Verlag, New York, 1986,p.433
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
14
3.100
3.100
3.100
28
8.300
9.100
9.800
15
3.200
3.800
4.200
29
8.700
9.500
10.100
16
3.600
4.100
4.600
30
8.900
9.800
10.500
17
4.100
4.600
5.100
31
9.200
10.000
10.700
Reference Manual 74
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
18
4.500
5.000
5.500
32
9.500
10.300
11.000
18
4.760
5.320
5.890
34
9.800
10.690
11.580
19
4.900
5.400
6.000
33
9.700
10.500
11.200
19
5.180
5.770
6.350
35
9.970
10.880
11.780
20
5.300
5.800
6.400
34
9.900
10.700
11.500
20
5.590
6.200
6.810
36
10.110
11.040
11.970
21
5.700
6.300
6.900
35
10.100
10.900
11.700
21
5.990
6.620
7.240
37
10.240
11.190
12.130
22
6.100
6.700
7.300
36
10.300
11.100
11.800
22
6.370
7.020
7.670
38
10.340
11.310
12.280
23
6.500
7.200
7.800
37
10.400
11.200
12.000
23
6.750
7.410
8.080
39
10.420
11.410
12.400
24
6.900
7.600
8.200
38
10.500
11.300
12.100
24
7.110
7.790
8.480
40
10.470
11.480
12.490
25
7.300
8.000
8.700
39
10.600
11.400
12.300
25
7.450
8.160
8.870
41
10.510
11.530
12.560
26
7.600
8.400
9.100
40
10.700
11.500
12.400
26
7.780
8.510
9.240
42
10.510
11.560
12.610
27
8.000
8.800
9.500
27
8.090
8.840
9.590
Occipital Frontal Diameter (OFD) : KURMANAVICIUS
Occipital Frontal Diameter (OFD) : NICOLAIDES
Fetal Growth Table
Fetal Growth Table
Standard-Tabellen und Kurven für Ultraschall-/Dopplersonografie, Dept. Frauenheilkunde
R. J. M. Snijders and K. H. Niicolaides; “Fetal biometry at 14-40 weeks’ gestation“ Ultrasound
Obstet. Gynecol. 4 (1994) 34-48
Klinik und Poliklinik für Geburtshilfe; Copyright (1997) J. Kurmanavicius et al Prof. Dr. A. Huch
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
12
2.020
2.460
2.910
28
8.390
9.160
9.930
14
3.500
3.900
4.200
27
8.400
9.100
9.900
13
2.490
2.960
3.430
29
8.670
9.460
10.250
15
3.900
4.200
4.600
28
8.700
9.500
10.300
4.200
4.600
5.000
29
9.100
9.800
10.700
14
2.960
3.450
3.940
30
8.930
9.740
10.550
16
15
3.430
3.930
4.440
31
9.180
10.010
10.840
17
4.600
5.000
5.400
30
9.400
10.200
11.000
5.000
5.400
5.900
31
9.600
10.500
11.300
5.400
5.800
6.300
32
9.900
10.700
11.600
16
3.880
4.410
4.940
32
9.410
10.250
11.100
18
17
4.320
4.870
5.420
33
9.610
10.480
11.350
19
Reference Manual 75
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
20
5.700
6.200
6.800
33
10.100
11.000
11.900
2.3
83.0
106.0
130.0
4.9
191.0
215.0
238.0
21
6.100
6.700
7.200
34
10.300
11.200
12.100
2.4
88.0
111.0
134.0
5.0
195.0
219.0
242.0
22
6.500
7.100
7.700
35
10.500
11.300
12.300
2.5
92.0
115.0
138.0
5.1
200.0
223.0
246.0
23
6.900
7.500
8.200
36
10.600
11.500
12.400
2.6
96.0
119.0
142.0
5.2
204.0
228.0
251.0
24
7.300
7.900
8.600
37
10.700
11.600
12.500
2.7
100.0
123.0
146.0
5.3
208.0
231.0
255.0
25
7.700
8.300
9.000
38
10.700
11.600
12.600
2.8
104.0
127.0
151.0
5.4
212.0
235.0
259.0
26
8.100
8.700
9.500
39
10.700
11.600
12.600
2.9
109.0
132.0
155.0
5.5
216.0
239.0
263.0
3.0
113.0
136.0
159.0
5.6
221.0
244.0
267.0
3.1
116.0
140.0
163.0
5.7
225.0
248.0
271.0
3.2
120.0
144.0
167.0
5.8
229.0
252.0
275.0
3.3
125.0
148.0
172.0
5.9
233.0
256.0
279.0
3.4
129.0
152.0
176.0
6.0
237.0
260.0
284.0
3.5
133.0
156.0
180.0
6.1
242.0
265.0
288.0
3.6
137.0
160.0
184.0
6.2
246.0
269.0
292.0
3.7
141.0
165.0
188.0
6.3
250.0
273.0
296.0
3.8
146.0
169.0
192.0
6.4
254.0
277.0
300.0
3.9
150.0
173.0
196.0
6.5
258.0
281.0
305.0
4.0
154.0
177.0
200.0
Outer Ocular Distance (OOD) : JEANTY
GA Table
“Jeanty P., Cantraine F., Cousaert E., Romero R., Hobbins J.C.
“The binocular distance: a new way to estimate fetal age.“
Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine; 1984; Jun; 3(6): 241-243“
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
1.5
50.0
73.0
97.0
4.1
158.0
181.0
204.0
1.6
54.0
77.0
101.0
4.2
162.0
186.0
209.0
1.7
58.0
81.0
105.0
4.3
167.0
190.0
213.0
1.8
62.0
85.0
109.0
4.4
171.0
194.0
217.0
1.9
67.0
90.0
113.0
4.5
175.0
198.0
221.0
2.0
71.0
94.0
117.0
4.6
179.0
202.0
225.0
2.1
75.0
98.0
121.0
4.7
183.0
207.0
230.0
2.2
79.0
102.0
125.0
4.8
188.0
211.0
234.0
Reference Manual 76
Fetal Growth Table
Humerus (HL) : ASUM
“Ultrasonic fetal Measurement Standards for an Australian Population“, compiled by Susan
Campbell Westerway - Faculty of Health Sciences University of Sydney.
GA Table
“Ultrasonic fetal Measurement Standards for an Australian Population“, compiled by Susan
Campbell Westerway - Faculty of Health Sciences University of Sydney.
http://www.asum.com.au/open/home.htm
Date: December 2003
http://www.asum.com.au/open/home.htm
Date: December 2003
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
SD
(day)
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
SD
(day)
11
0.500
0.800
1.100
27
4.300
4.700
5.100
12
0.700
0.900
1.100
28
4.500
5.000
5.500
0.8
70.0
77.0
84.0
7.0
4.7
175.0
189.0
203.0
14.0
13
0.800
1.100
1.400
29
4.600
5.100
5.600
0.9
77.0
84.0
91.0
7.0
5.0
178.0
196.0
214.0
18.0
14
1.000
1.400
1.800
30
4.700
5.200
5.700
1.1
84.0
91.0
98.0
7.0
5.1
185.0
203.0
221.0
18.0
15
1.150
1.700
2.250
31
4.900
5.400
5.900
1.4
91.0
98.0
105.0
7.0
5.2
189.0
210.0
231.0
21.0
16
1.700
2.100
2.500
32
5.100
5.600
6.100
2.000
2.500
3.000
33
5.100
5.700
6.300
1.7
98.0
105.0
112.0
7.0
5.4
196.0
217.0
238.0
21.0
17
2.1
105.0
112.0
119.0
7.0
5.6
203.0
224.0
245.0
21.0
18
2.150
2.700
3.250
34
5.350
5.900
6.450
2.5
109.0
119.0
129.0
10.0
5.7
210.0
231.0
252.0
21.0
19
2.400
2.900
3.400
35
5.400
6.000
6.600
2.600
3.100
3.600
36
5.700
6.200
6.700
2.7
116.0
126.0
136.0
10.0
5.9
217.0
238.0
259.0
21.0
20
2.9
119.0
133.0
147.0
14.0
6.0
224.0
245.0
266.0
21.0
21
2.600
3.200
3.800
37
5.700
6.300
6.900
22
2.900
3.500
4.100
38
5.800
6.400
7.000
23
3.400
3.800
4.200
39
5.950
6.500
7.050
24
3.400
4.000
4.600
40
6.000
6.600
7.200
25
3.800
4.300
4.800
41
6.200
6.800
7.400
26
4.000
4.400
4.800
3.1
126.0
140.0
154.0
14.0
6.2
231.0
252.0
273.0
21.0
3.2
133.0
147.0
161.0
14.0
6.3
231.0
259.0
287.0
28.0
3.5
140.0
154.0
168.0
14.0
6.4
238.0
266.0
294.0
28.0
3.8
147.0
161.0
175.0
14.0
6.5
245.0
273.0
301.0
28.0
4.0
154.0
168.0
182.0
14.0
6.6
252.0
280.0
308.0
28.0
4.3
161.0
175.0
189.0
14.0
6.8
259.0
287.0
315.0
28.0
4.4
168.0
182.0
196.0
14.0
Reference Manual 77
Humerus (HL) : JEANTY
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
GA Table
3.0
120.0
139.0
158.0
6.0
224.0
244.0
263.0
Jeanty P., Rodesch F., Delbeke D., Dumont J., “Estimation of Gestational Age from
Measurements of Fetal Long Bones.“ J Ultrasound Med 3:75-79, 1984
3.1
123.0
142.0
161.0
6.1
228.0
247.0
267.0
3.2
126.0
145.0
165.0
6.2
232.0
251.0
271.0
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
3.3
129.0
148.0
167.0
6.3
237.0
256.0
275.0
3.4
132.0
151.0
170.0
6.4
241.0
260.0
279.0
1.0
69.0
88.0
107.0
4.0
151.0
170.0
190.0
3.5
135.0
154.0
174.0
6.5
245.0
264.0
284.0
1.1
71.0
90.0
109.0
4.1
154.0
174.0
193.0
3.6
138.0
158.0
176.0
6.6
249.0
268.0
288.0
1.2
73.0
92.0
111.0
4.2
158.0
177.0
196.0
3.7
141.0
160.0
180.0
6.7
253.0
272.0
292.0
1.3
76.0
95.0
113.0
4.3
161.0
180.0
200.0
3.8
144.0
164.0
183.0
6.8
258.0
277.0
296.0
1.4
78.0
97.0
116.0
4.4
165.0
183.0
203.0
3.9
148.0
167.0
186.0
6.9
262.0
281.0
300.0
1.5
80.0
99.0
118.0
4.5
168.0
187.0
207.0
1.6
83.0
102.0
121.0
4.6
172.0
190.0
210.0
1.7
85.0
104.0
123.0
4.7
175.0
194.0
214.0
1.8
88.0
106.0
126.0
4.8
179.0
197.0
217.0
1.9
90.0
109.0
128.0
4.9
182.0
202.0
221.0
2.0
92.0
111.0
131.0
5.0
186.0
205.0
224.0
2.1
95.0
114.0
134.0
5.1
190.0
209.0
228.0
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
2.2
97.0
117.0
136.0
5.2
193.0
212.0
232.0
12
0.400
0.900
1.300
27
4.200
4.600
5.000
2.3
100.0
120.0
139.0
5.3
197.0
216.0
235.0
13
0.700
1.100
1.500
28
4.400
4.800
5.200
2.4
103.0
122.0
141.0
5.4
201.0
220.0
239.0
14
1.000
1.400
1.800
29
4.401
5.000
5.400
2.5
106.0
125.0
144.0
5.5
204.0
224.0
243.0
15
1.300
1.700
2.100
30
4.402
5.100
5.600
2.6
109.0
127.0
147.0
5.6
209.0
228.0
247.0
16
1.600
2.000
2.400
31
4.403
5.300
5.700
2.7
111.0
130.0
150.0
5.7
212.0
232.0
251.0
17
1.800
2.200
2.700
32
4.404
5.500
5.900
2.8
114.0
133.0
153.0
5.8
146.0
235.0
255.0
18
2.100
2.500
2.900
33
4.405
5.600
6.000
2.9
117.0
136.0
155.0
5.9
220.0
239.0
258.0
19
2.400
2.800
3.200
34
4.406
5.800
6.200
Fetal Growth Table
Jeanty P., Cousaert E., Cantraine F., Hobbins J.C., Tack B., Struyven J. “A longitudinal Study of
fetal limb growth“ American Journal of Perinatology; Volume 1; Number 2; January 1984;
136-144
Reference Manual 78
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Fetal Growth Table
20
2.600
3.000
3.400
35
4.407
5.900
6.300
21
2.900
3.300
3.700
36
4.408
6.100
6.500
22
3.100
3.500
3.900
37
4.409
6.200
6.600
“Normal Fetal Development Profiles- A Model to obtain Standard Development Graphs for
the Head and Abdominal Parameters and the Long Limb Bones“ Ultraschall in der Medizin
17 (1996) 153-162
23
3.300
3.800
4.200
38
4.410
6.300
6.700
24
3.600
4.000
4.400
39
4.411
6.500
6.900
25
3.800
4.200
4.600
40
4.412
6.600
7.000
26
4.000
4.400
4.800
Humerus (HL) : MERZ
Merz E., Wellek S.
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
88
0.500
0.800
1.100
193
4.400
4.700
5.100
91
0.700
1.000
1.300
196
4.500
4.800
5.200
95
0.900
1.200
1.500
200
4.500
4.900
5.300
98
1.000
1.300
1.700
203
4.600
5.000
5.400
102
1.200
1.500
1.800
207
4.700
5.100
5.500
105
1.400
1.700
2.000
210
4.800
5.200
5.600
GA Table
109
1.500
1.800
2.200
214
4.900
5.300
5.700
Merz E, Kim-Kern MS, Pehl S. “Ultrasonic Mensuration of Fetal Limb Bones in the Second and
Third Trimesters“ Journal of Clinical Ultrasound, 15: 175-183, March/April 1987
112
1.700
2.000
2.300
217
5.000
5.400
5.800
116
1.800
2.100
2.500
221
5.100
5.500
5.900
Meas (cm)
Mean (day)
Meas (cm)
Mean (day)
Meas (cm)
Mean (day)
119
2.000
2.300
2.600
224
5.100
5.500
6.000
1.0
91
3.7
161
5.6
231
123
2.100
2.400
2.800
228
5.200
5.600
6.000
1.2
98
3.8
168
5.8
238
126
2.200
2.600
2.900
231
5.300
5.700
6.100
130
2.400
2.700
3.000
235
5.400
5.800
6.200
1.4
105
4.2
175
5.9
245
1.7
112
4.3
182
6.0
252
133
2.500
2.800
3.200
238
5.400
5.900
6.300
137
2.600
3.000
3.300
242
5.500
5.900
6.300
2.0
119
4.5
189
6.1
259
2.3
126
4.7
196
6.4
266
140
2.700
3.100
3.400
245
5.600
6.000
6.400
144
2.900
3.200
3.600
249
5.600
6.100
6.500
2.6
133
4.8
203
6.5
273
2.9
140
5.0
210
6.6
280
3.2
147
5.3
217
3.3
154
5.4
224
147
3.000
3.300
3.700
252
5.700
6.100
6.600
151
3.100
3.500
3.800
256
5.800
6.200
6.600
154
3.200
3.600
3.900
259
5.800
6.300
6.700
Reference Manual 79
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
158
3.300
3.700
4.000
263
5.900
6.300
6.800
161
3.400
3.800
4.200
266
5.900
6.400
6.800
165
3.600
3.900
4.300
270
6.000
6.400
6.900
168
3.700
4.000
4.400
273
6.000
6.500
6.900
172
3.800
4.100
4.500
277
6.100
6.500
7.000
175
3.900
4.200
4.600
280
6.100
6.600
7.000
179
4.000
4.300
4.700
284
6.100
6.600
7.100
182
4.100
4.500
4.800
287
6.200
6.600
7.100
186
4.200
4.600
4.900
291
6.200
6.700
7.100
189
4.300
4.700
5.000
Humerus (HL) : OSAKA
GA Table
Perinatal care Vol. 9 No. 5
Meas (cm)
Mean (day)
Meas (cm)
Mean (day)
Meas (cm)
Mean (day)
1.35
99.0
3.67
163.0
5.31
227.0
1.39
100.0
3.7
164.0
5.33
228.0
1.43
101.0
3.73
165.0
5.35
229.0
1.47
102.0
3.76
166.0
5.37
230.0
1.51
103.0
3.79
167.0
5.39
231.0
1.55
104.0
3.82
168.0
5.41
232.0
1.59
105.0
3.85
169.0
5.43
233.0
1.63
106.0
3.88
170.0
5.45
234.0
1.67
107.0
3.91
171.0
5.47
235.0
1.71
108.0
3.94
172.0
5.49
236.0
1.75
109.0
3.97
173.0
5.51
237.0
1.79
110.0
4.0
174.0
5.53
238.0
1.83
111.0
4.03
175.0
5.55
239.0
1.87
112.0
4.06
176.0
5.57
240.0
1.91
113.0
4.09
177.0
5.58
241.0
1.95
114.0
4.12
178.0
5.6
242.0
1.99
115.0
4.14
179.0
5.62
243.0
Meas (cm)
Mean (day)
Meas (cm)
Mean (day)
Meas (cm)
Mean (day)
1.01
91.0
3.42
155.0
5.15
219.0
2.03
116.0
4.17
180.0
5.64
244.0
1.05
92.0
3.45
156.0
5.17
220.0
2.07
117.0
4.2
181.0
5.65
245.0
1.09
93.0
3.48
157.0
5.19
221.0
2.11
118.0
4.23
182.0
5.67
246.0
1.14
94.0
3.51
158.0
5.21
222.0
2.15
119.0
4.26
183.0
5.69
247.0
1.18
95.0
3.54
159.0
5.23
223.0
2.18
120.0
4.28
184.0
5.71
248.0
121.0
4.31
185.0
5.72
249.0
1.22
96.0
3.58
160.0
5.25
224.0
2.22
1.26
97.0
3.61
161.0
5.27
225.0
2.26
122.0
4.34
186.0
5.74
250.0
1.31
98.0
3.64
162.0
5.29
226.0
2.3
123.0
4.37
187.0
5.76
251.0
Reference Manual 80
Meas (cm)
Mean (day)
Meas (cm)
Mean (day)
Meas (cm)
Mean (day)
Meas (cm)
Mean (day)
Meas (cm)
Mean (day)
Meas (cm)
Mean (day)
2.34
124.0
4.39
188.0
5.77
252.0
3.19
148.0
4.99
212.0
6.11
276.0
2.37
125.0
4.42
189.0
5.79
253.0
3.22
149.0
5.01
213.0
6.13
277.0
2.41
126.0
4.45
190.0
5.8
254.0
3.25
150.0
5.04
214.0
6.14
278.0
2.45
127.0
4.47
191.0
5.82
255.0
3.29
151.0
5.06
215.0
6.15
279.0
2.48
128.0
4.5
192.0
5.84
256.0
3.32
152.0
5.08
216.0
6.16
280.0
2.52
129.0
4.53
193.0
5.85
257.0
3.35
153.0
5.1
217.0
2.56
130.0
4.55
194.0
5.87
258.0
3.38
154.0
5.12
218.0
2.59
131.0
4.58
195.0
5.88
259.0
2.63
132.0
4.6
196.0
5.9
260.0
2.67
133.0
4.63
197.0
5.91
261.0
2.7
134.0
4.65
198.0
5.93
262.0
2.74
135.0
4.68
199.0
5.94
263.0
2.77
136.0
4.7
200.0
5.95
264.0
2.81
137.0
4.73
201.0
5.97
265.0
2.84
138.0
4.75
202.0
5.98
266.0
2.88
139.0
4.78
203.0
6.0
2.91
140.0
4.8
204.0
6.01
Fetal Growth Table
Perinatal care Vol. 9 No. 5
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
91
0.710
1.010
1.310
186
3.960
4.340
4.720
92
0.750
1.050
1.350
187
3.990
4.370
4.750
93
0.790
1.090
1.390
188
4.010
4.390
4.770
267.0
94
0.840
1.140
1.440
189
4.040
4.420
4.800
268.0
95
0.880
1.180
1.480
190
4.070
4.450
4.830
2.95
141.0
4.83
205.0
6.02
269.0
96
0.920
1.220
1.520
191
4.090
4.470
4.850
2.98
142.0
4.85
206.0
6.04
270.0
97
0.950
1.260
1.580
192
4.120
4.500
4.880
3.02
143.0
4.87
207.0
6.05
271.0
98
1.000
1.310
1.630
193
4.150
4.530
4.910
3.05
144.0
4.9
208.0
6.06
272.0
99
1.030
1.350
1.670
194
4.170
4.550
4.930
3.09
145.0
4.92
209.0
6.08
273.0
100
1.070
1.390
1.710
195
4.200
4.580
4.960
3.12
146.0
4.94
210.0
6.09
274.0
101
1.110
1.430
1.750
196
4.220
4.600
4.980
275.0
102
1.150
1.470
1.790
197
4.250
4.630
5.010
3.15
147.0
4.97
211.0
6.1
Reference Manual 81
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
103
1.190
1.510
1.830
198
4.270
4.650
5.030
128
2.150
2.480
2.810
223
4.840
5.230
5.620
104
1.230
1.550
1.870
199
4.300
4.680
5.060
129
2.190
2.520
2.850
224
4.840
5.250
5.660
105
1.270
1.590
1.910
200
4.320
4.700
5.080
130
2.230
2.560
2.890
225
4.860
5.270
5.680
106
1.310
1.630
1.950
201
4.350
4.730
5.110
131
2.260
2.590
2.920
226
4.880
5.290
5.700
107
1.350
1.670
1.990
202
4.370
4.750
5.130
132
2.300
2.630
2.960
227
4.900
5.310
5.720
108
1.390
1.710
2.030
203
4.390
4.780
5.170
133
2.340
2.670
3.000
228
4.920
5.330
5.740
109
1.430
1.750
2.070
204
4.410
4.800
5.190
134
2.370
2.700
3.030
229
4.940
5.350
5.760
110
1.470
1.790
2.110
205
4.440
4.830
5.220
135
2.410
2.740
3.070
230
4.960
5.370
5.780
111
1.510
1.830
2.150
206
4.460
4.850
5.240
136
2.440
2.770
3.100
231
4.980
5.390
5.800
112
1.550
1.870
2.190
207
4.480
4.870
5.260
137
2.480
2.810
3.140
232
5.000
5.410
5.820
113
1.590
1.910
2.230
208
4.510
4.900
5.290
138
2.510
2.840
3.170
233
5.020
5.430
5.840
114
1.630
1.950
2.270
209
4.530
4.920
5.310
139
2.530
2.880
3.230
234
5.040
5.450
5.860
115
1.670
1.990
2.310
210
4.550
4.940
5.330
140
2.560
2.910
3.260
235
5.060
5.470
5.880
116
1.710
2.030
2.350
211
4.580
4.970
5.360
141
2.600
2.950
3.300
236
5.080
5.490
5.900
117
1.750
2.070
2.390
212
4.600
4.990
5.380
142
2.630
2.980
3.330
237
5.100
5.510
5.920
118
1.780
2.110
2.440
213
4.620
5.010
5.400
143
2.670
3.020
3.370
238
5.120
5.530
5.940
119
1.820
2.150
2.480
214
4.650
5.040
5.430
144
2.700
3.050
3.400
239
5.140
5.550
5.960
120
1.850
2.180
2.510
215
4.670
5.060
5.450
145
2.740
3.090
3.440
240
5.160
5.570
5.980
121
1.890
2.220
2.550
216
4.690
5.080
5.470
146
2.770
3.120
3.470
241
5.170
5.580
5.990
122
1.930
2.260
2.590
217
4.710
5.100
5.490
147
2.800
3.150
3.500
242
5.190
5.600
6.010
123
1.970
2.300
2.630
218
4.730
5.120
5.510
148
2.840
3.190
3.540
243
5.210
5.620
6.030
124
2.010
2.340
2.670
219
4.760
5.150
5.540
149
2.870
3.220
3.570
244
5.230
5.640
6.050
125
2.040
2.370
2.700
220
4.780
5.170
5.560
150
2.900
3.250
3.600
245
5.230
5.650
6.070
126
2.080
2.410
2.740
221
4.800
5.190
5.580
151
2.940
3.290
3.640
246
5.250
5.670
6.090
127
2.120
2.450
2.780
222
4.820
5.210
5.600
152
2.970
3.320
3.670
247
5.270
5.690
6.110
Reference Manual 82
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
153
3.000
3.350
3.700
248
5.290
5.710
6.130
178
3.760
4.120
4.480
273
5.640
6.080
6.520
154
3.030
3.380
3.730
249
5.300
5.720
6.140
179
3.780
4.140
4.500
274
5.650
6.090
6.530
155
3.070
3.420
3.770
250
5.320
5.740
6.160
180
3.810
4.170
4.530
275
5.670
6.100
6.530
156
3.100
3.450
3.800
251
5.340
5.760
6.180
181
3.840
4.200
4.560
276
5.670
6.110
6.550
157
3.130
3.480
3.830
252
5.350
5.770
6.190
182
3.850
4.230
4.610
277
5.690
6.130
6.570
158
3.160
3.510
3.860
253
5.370
5.790
6.210
183
3.880
4.260
4.640
278
5.710
6.140
6.570
159
3.190
3.540
3.890
254
5.380
5.800
6.220
184
3.900
4.280
4.660
279
5.710
6.150
6.590
185
3.930
4.310
4.690
280
5.720
6.160
6.600
160
3.220
3.580
3.940
255
5.400
5.820
6.240
161
3.250
3.610
3.970
256
5.420
5.840
6.260
162
3.280
3.640
4.000
257
5.430
5.850
6.270
163
3.310
3.670
4.030
258
5.450
5.870
6.290
164
3.340
3.700
4.060
259
5.460
5.880
6.300
165
3.370
3.730
4.090
260
5.480
5.900
6.320
166
3.400
3.760
4.120
261
5.490
5.910
6.330
Tibia (TIB) : JEANTY
GA Table
“Jeanty P., Rodesch F., Delbeke D., Dumont J., “Estimation of Gestational Age from
Measurements of Fetal Long Bones.“ J Ultrasound Med 3:75-79, 1984“
167
3.430
3.790
4.150
262
5.510
5.930
6.350
168
3.460
3.820
4.180
263
5.520
5.940
6.360
169
3.490
3.850
4.210
264
5.530
5.950
6.370
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
170
3.520
3.880
4.240
265
5.550
5.970
6.390
1.0
74.0
94.0
114.0
4.0
157.0
177.0
197.0
171
3.550
3.910
4.270
266
5.540
5.980
6.420
1.1
76.0
96.0
116.0
4.1
160.0
180.0
200.0
172
3.580
3.940
4.300
267
5.560
6.000
6.440
1.2
78.0
99.0
119.0
4.2
163.0
183.0
204.0
173
3.610
3.970
4.330
268
5.580
6.010
6.440
1.3
81.0
101.0
121.0
4.3
166.0
186.0
207.0
174
3.640
4.000
4.360
269
5.590
6.020
6.450
1.4
83.0
104.0
124.0
4.4
169.0
190.0
210.0
175
3.670
4.030
4.390
270
5.600
6.040
6.480
1.5
85.0
106.0
126.0
4.5
172.0
193.0
214.0
176
3.700
4.060
4.420
271
5.610
6.050
6.490
1.6
88.0
109.0
129.0
4.6
176.0
196.0
216.0
177
3.730
4.090
4.450
272
5.630
6.060
6.490
Reference Manual 83
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
1.7
91.0
111.0
132.0
4.7
179.0
200.0
220.0
1.8
93.0
113.0
134.0
4.8
183.0
203.0
223.0
1.9
96.0
116.0
137.0
4.9
186.0
206.0
226.0
2.0
99.0
119.0
139.0
5.0
189.0
209.0
230.0
2.1
102.0
122.0
142.0
5.1
193.0
213.0
233.0
2.2
104.0
125.0
145.0
5.2
196.0
216.0
237.0
2.3
106.0
127.0
148.0
5.3
200.0
220.0
240.0
2.4
109.0
130.0
150.0
5.4
203.0
223.0
244.0
2.5
112.0
132.0
153.0
5.5
207.0
227.0
247.0
2.6
115.0
135.0
155.0
5.6
210.0
230.0
251.0
2.7
118.0
138.0
158.0
5.7
214.0
234.0
254.0
2.8
120.0
141.0
161.0
5.8
217.0
237.0
258.0
2.9
123.0
144.0
165.0
5.9
221.0
241.0
261.0
3.0
127.0
147.0
167.0
6.0
224.0
244.0
265.0
3.1
130.0
150.0
170.0
6.1
228.0
248.0
268.0
3.2
132.0
153.0
173.0
6.2
231.0
251.0
272.0
3.3
135.0
155.0
176.0
6.3
235.0
256.0
276.0
3.4
138.0
158.0
179.0
6.4
239.0
259.0
279.0
3.5
141.0
162.0
182.0
6.5
242.0
263.0
283.0
3.6
144.0
165.0
185.0
6.6
246.0
266.0
287.0
3.7
147.0
167.0
188.0
6.7
250.0
270.0
291.0
3.8
151.0
171.0
191.0
6.8
253.0
274.0
294.0
3.9
153.0
174.0
194.0
6.9
258.0
278.0
298.0
Fetal Growth Table
Jeanty P., Cousaert E., Cantraine F., Hobbins J.C., Tack B., Struyven J. “A longitudinal Study of
fetal limb growth“ American Journal of Perinatology; Volume 1; Number 2; January 1984;
136-144
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
12
0.300
0.700
1.200
27
4.000
4.400
4.800
13
0.500
1.000
1.400
28
4.200
4.600
5.000
14
0.800
1.200
1.600
29
4.400
4.800
5.200
15
1.000
1.500
1.900
30
4.600
5.000
5.400
16
1.300
1.700
2.100
31
4.700
5.200
5.600
17
1.500
2.000
2.400
32
4.900
5.400
5.800
18
1.800
2.200
2.700
33
5.100
5.500
6.000
19
2.100
2.500
2.900
34
5.300
5.700
6.100
20
2.300
2.700
3.200
35
5.400
5.800
6.300
21
2.600
3.000
3.400
36
5.600
6.000
6.400
22
2.800
3.200
3.700
37
5.700
6.100
6.600
23
3.100
3.500
3.900
38
5.900
6.300
6.700
24
3.300
3.700
4.200
39
6.000
6.400
6.900
25
3.500
4.000
4.400
40
6.100
6.600
7.000
26
3.700
4.200
4.600
Reference Manual 84
Tibia (TIB) : MERZ
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
GA Table
95
0.700
1.000
1.300
200
4.400
4.800
5.200
Merz E, Kim-Kern MS, Pehl S. “Ultrasonic Mensuration of Fetal Limb Bones in the Second and
Third Trimesters“ Journal of Clinical Ultrasound, 15: 175-183, March/April 1987
98
0.900
1.200
1.500
203
4.500
4.900
5.300
102
1.100
1.400
1.700
207
4.600
5.000
5.400
Meas (cm)
Mean (day)
Meas (cm)
Mean (day)
Meas (cm)
Mean (day)
0.9
91
3.6
161
5.4
231
1.0
98
3.7
168
5.7
238
1.3
105
4.0
175
5.8
245
1.6
112
4.2
182
6.0
252
1.8
119
4.4
189
6.1
259
2.2
126
4.5
196
6.2
266
2.5
133
4.6
203
6.4
273
2.7
140
4.8
210
6.5
280
3.0
147
5.1
217
6.6
287
3.2
154
5.2
224
6.8
294
105
1.200
1.500
1.800
210
4.600
5.100
5.500
109
1.400
1.700
2.000
214
4.700
5.100
5.600
112
1.500
1.800
2.100
217
4.800
5.200
5.600
116
1.600
2.000
2.300
221
4.900
5.300
5.700
119
1.800
2.100
2.400
224
5.000
5.400
5.800
123
1.900
2.200
2.600
228
5.100
5.500
5.900
126
2.100
2.400
2.700
231
5.100
5.600
6.000
130
2.200
2.500
2.900
235
5.200
5.600
6.100
133
2.300
2.600
3.000
238
5.300
5.700
6.200
137
2.400
2.800
3.100
242
5.400
5.800
6.200
140
2.600
2.900
3.200
245
5.400
5.900
6.300
144
2.700
3.000
3.400
249
5.500
5.900
6.400
147
2.800
3.100
3.500
252
5.600
6.000
6.500
Fetal Growth Table
151
2.900
3.300
3.600
256
5.600
6.100
6.500
Merz E., Wellek S.
154
3.000
3.400
3.700
259
5.700
6.200
6.600
“Normal Fetal Development Profiles - A Model to obtain Standard Development Graphs for
the Head and Abdominal Parameters and the Long Limb Bones“ Ultraschall in der Medizin
17 (1996) 153-162
158
3.100
3.500
3.900
263
5.800
6.200
6.700
161
3.300
3.600
4.000
266
5.800
6.300
6.700
165
3.400
3.700
4.100
270
5.900
6.300
6.800
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
168
3.500
3.800
4.200
273
5.900
6.400
6.900
172
3.600
4.000
4.300
277
6.000
6.400
6.900
88
0.400
0.700
1.000
193
4.200
4.600
5.000
175
3.700
4.100
4.400
280
6.000
6.500
7.000
91
0.600
0.900
1.200
196
4.300
4.700
5.100
Reference Manual 85
Thorax Transverse Diameter (TTD) : ASUM
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
179
3.800
4.200
4.500
284
6.100
6.500
7.000
Fetal Growth Table
182
3.900
4.300
4.700
287
6.100
6.600
7.100
186
4.000
4.400
4.800
291
6.100
6.600
7.100
Hansmann, Hackelöer, Staudach, (Wittmann) “Ultrasound Diagnosis in Obstetrics and
Gynecology“ Springer-Verlag, New York, 1986; p.435
189
4.100
4.500
4.900
Thorax Transverse Diameter (TTD) : HANSMANN
GA Table
Hansmann, Hackeloer, Staudach, Wittmann “Ultrasound Diagnosis in Obstetrics and
Gynecology“ Springer-Verlag, New York, 1986; pp.431
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
12
1.700
1.700
1.700
27
5.900
6.500
7.300
13
2.000
2.000
2.000
28
6.200
6.900
7.700
14
2.000
2.400
2.800
29
6.400
7.200
8.000
15
2.300
2.700
3.100
30
6.700
7.400
8.300
16
2.700
3.100
3.500
31
7.000
7.800
8.600
17
3.000
3.400
3.800
32
7.300
8.100
8.900
18
3.300
3.700
4.200
33
7.500
8.300
9.300
Meas (cm)
Mean (day)
Meas (cm)
Mean (day)
Meas (cm)
Mean (day)
1.7
84.0
5.0
154.0
8.1
224.0
19
3.600
4.000
4.600
34
7.800
8.600
9.600
2.0
91.0
5.3
161.0
8.3
231.0
20
3.900
4.400
4.900
35
8.000
8.900
9.900
2.4
98.0
5.6
168.0
8.6
238.0
21
4.200
4.700
5.300
36
8.300
9.200
10.200
2.7
105.0
5.9
175.0
8.9
245.0
22
4.500
5.000
5.600
37
8.500
9.400
10.500
3.1
112.0
6.2
182.0
9.2
252.0
23
4.800
5.300
6.000
38
8.700
9.700
10.800
3.4
119.0
6.5
189.0
9.4
259.0
24
5.000
5.600
6.300
39
8.900
9.900
11.100
3.7
126.0
6.9
196.0
9.7
266.0
25
5.300
5.900
6.700
40
9.100
10.100
11.400
4.0
133.0
7.2
203.0
9.9
273.0
26
5.600
6.200
7.000
41
9.200
10.200
11.700
4.4
140.0
7.4
210.0
10.1
280.0
4.7
147.0
7.8
217.0
10.2
287.0
Reference Manual 86
Cerebellum (CEREB) : CHITTY
Cerebellum (CEREB) : GOLDSTEIN
GA Table
Fetal Growth Table
“Altmann D.G.; Chitty L.S. “New charts for ultrasound dating of pregnancy“.
Goldstein I.; Reece A.; Pilu G.; Bovicelli L.; Hobbins J.C.
Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology Vol. 10: 174-191, 1997“
“Cerebellar measurement with ultrasonography in the evaluation of fetal growth and
development.“ Am J Obstet Gynecol; May 1987; 1065-1069
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
1.3
92.0
101.0
112.0
2.5
156.0
170.0
185.0
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
1.4
98.0
107.0
118.0
2.6
161.0
175.0
192.0
15
1.000
1.400
1.600
28
2.700
3.100
3.400
1.5
104.0
114.0
124.0
2.7
165.0
181.0
198.0
16
1.400
1.600
1.700
29
2.900
3.400
3.800
1.600
1.700
1.800
30
3.100
3.500
4.000
1.6
109.0
119.0
130.0
2.8
169.0
186.0
205.0
17
1.7
115.0
125.0
136.0
2.9
173.0
191.0
212.0
18
1.700
1.800
1.900
31
3.200
3.800
4.300
1.800
1.900
2.200
32
3.300
3.800
4.200
1.8
121.0
131.0
142.0
3.0
176.0
196.0
219.0
19
1.9
126.0
137.0
148.0
3.1
180.0
202.0
226.0
20
1.800
2.000
2.200
33
3.200
4.000
4.400
1.900
2.200
2.400
34
3.300
4.000
4.400
2.0
132.0
143.0
154.0
3.2
183.0
207.0
234.0
21
2.1
137.0
148.0
160.0
3.3
186.0
212.0
242.0
22
2.100
2.300
2.400
35
3.100
4.050
4.700
2.2
142.0
154.0
166.0
3.4
188.0
217.0
250.0
23
2.200
2.400
2.600
36
3.600
4.300
5.500
2.200
2.500
2.800
37
3.700
4.500
5.500
2.3
147.0
159.0
172.0
3.5
191.0
222.0
258.0
24
2.4
152.0
165.0
179.0
3.6
193.0
227.0
267.0
25
2.300
2.800
2.900
38
4.000
4.850
5.500
26
2.500
2.900
3.200
39
5.200
5.200
5.500
27
2.600
3.000
3.200
Reference Manual 87
Cerebellum (CEREB) : HILL
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
GA Table
22
2.100
2.400
2.700
35
3.700
4.100
4.600
“Hill L M, Guzick D, Fries J, Hixson J, Rivello D,
23
2.200
2.500
2.800
36
3.800
4.200
4.700
“The Transverse Cerebellar Diameter in Estimating Gestational Age in the Large for
Gestational Age-Fetus.“ Obstetrics and Gynecology; Vol.75; No.6; June 1990; pages 981-985“
24
2.400
2.600
3.000
37
3.900
4.300
4.800
25
2.500
2.800
3.100
38
4.000
4.400
4.900
GA = 6.37 + 5.4 x {OB_CEREB} + 0.78 x ({OB_CEREB}2) - 0.13 x ({OB_CEREB}3)
26
2.600
2.900
3.300
39
4.100
4.500
5.100
Output Unit: w (weeks)
Input Unit: cm
Ulna: JEANTY
Min Range: 1.4cm
Max Range: 5.6cm
GA Table
Jeanty P., Rodesch F., Delbeke D., Dumont J., “Estimation of Gestational Age from
Measurements of Fetal Long Bones.“ J Ultrasound Med 3:75-79, 1984
Cerebellum (CEREB) : NICOLAIDES
Fetal Growth Table
R. J. M. Snijders and K. H. Nicolaides; “Fetal biometry at 14-40 weeks’ gestation“ Ultrasound
Obstet. Gynecol. 4 (1994) 34-48
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
1.0
71.0
92.0
113.0
3.8
155.0
176.0
197.0
1.1
74.0
95.0
116.0
3.9
158.0
179.0
201.0
1.2
76.0
97.0
118.0
4.0
162.0
183.0
204.0
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
14
1.200
1.400
1.500
27
2.700
3.100
3.400
1.3
78.0
99.0
121.0
4.1
165.0
187.0
208.0
15
1.300
1.500
1.700
28
2.900
3.200
3.600
1.4
81.0
102.0
124.0
4.2
169.0
190.0
212.0
16
1.400
1.600
1.800
29
3.000
3.300
3.700
1.5
83.0
105.0
126.0
4.3
173.0
194.0
216.0
17
1.500
1.700
1.900
30
3.100
3.500
3.900
1.6
86.0
108.0
129.0
4.4
176.0
198.0
219.0
18
1.600
1.800
2.100
31
3.200
3.600
4.000
1.7
89.0
110.0
132.0
4.5
181.0
202.0
223.0
19
1.700
2.000
2.200
32
3.400
3.700
4.200
1.8
92.0
113.0
134.0
4.6
184.0
206.0
227.0
95.0
116.0
137.0
4.7
188.0
209.0
231.0
97.0
118.0
140.0
4.8
192.0
214.0
235.0
20
1.900
2.100
2.400
33
3.500
3.900
4.300
1.9
21
2.000
2.200
2.500
34
3.600
4.000
4.400
2.0
Reference Manual 88
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
2.1
100.0
121.0
143.0
4.9
196.0
218.0
239.0
2.2
103.0
124.0
146.0
5.0
200.0
221.0
243.0
2.3
106.0
127.0
148.0
5.1
204.0
225.0
247.0
2.4
109.0
130.0
151.0
5.2
208.0
230.0
251.0
2.5
112.0
133.0
155.0
5.3
212.0
234.0
255.0
2.6
115.0
136.0
158.0
5.4
216.0
238.0
259.0
2.7
118.0
139.0
160.0
5.5
221.0
242.0
264.0
2.8
121.0
142.0
164.0
5.6
225.0
246.0
268.0
2.9
124.0
146.0
167.0
5.7
230.0
251.0
272.0
3.0
127.0
148.0
170.0
5.8
234.0
255.0
277.0
3.1
130.0
152.0
174.0
5.9
238.0
260.0
281.0
3.2
134.0
155.0
176.0
6.0
242.0
264.0
286.0
3.3
137.0
159.0
180.0
6.1
247.0
268.0
290.0
3.4
141.0
162.0
183.0
6.2
251.0
273.0
294.0
3.5
144.0
165.0
187.0
6.3
256.0
277.0
299.0
3.6
148.0
169.0
190.0
6.4
260.0
282.0
303.0
3.7
151.0
172.0
194.0
Fetal Growth Table
Jeanty P., Cousaert E., Cantraine F., Hobbins J.C., Tack B., Struyven J. “A longitudinal Study of
fetal limb growth“ American Journal of Perinatology; Volume 1; Number 2; January 1984;
136-144
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
12
0.300
0.700
1.100
27
3.900
4.300
4.700
13
0.500
1.000
1.400
28
4.100
4.500
4.900
14
0.800
1.300
1.700
29
4.300
4.700
5.100
15
1.100
1.500
2.000
30
4.400
4.800
5.300
16
1.400
1.800
2.200
31
4.600
5.000
5.400
17
1.600
2.100
2.500
32
4.700
5.200
5.600
18
1.900
2.300
2.800
33
4.900
5.300
5.700
19
2.200
2.600
3.000
34
5.000
5.500
5.900
20
2.400
2.800
3.300
35
5.200
5.600
6.000
21
2.600
3.100
3.500
36
5.300
5.700
6.100
22
2.900
3.300
3.700
37
5.400
5.800
6.300
23
3.100
3.500
3.900
38
5.500
5.900
6.400
24
3.300
3.700
4.200
39
5.600
6.000
6.500
25
3.500
3.900
4.400
40
5.700
6.100
6.600
26
3.700
4.100
4.600
Reference Manual 89
Ulna : MERZ
Fetal Growth Table
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
151
2.900
3.200
3.500
256
5.400
5.800
6.200
Merz E., Wellek S.
154
3.000
3.300
3.700
259
5.400
5.800
6.300
“Normal Fetal Development Profiles - A Model to obtain Standard Development Graphs for
the Head and Abdominal Parameters and the Long Limb Bones“ Ultraschall in der Medizin
17 (1996) 153-162
158
3.100
3.400
3.800
263
5.500
5.900
6.300
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
88
0.300
0.500
0.800
193
4.100
4.400
4.800
91
0.500
0.800
1.100
196
4.100
4.500
4.900
95
0.700
1.000
1.300
200
4.200
4.600
5.000
98
0.800
1.100
1.400
203
4.300
4.700
5.100
102
1.000
1.300
1.600
207
4.400
4.800
5.200
105
1.200
1.500
1.800
210
4.500
4.900
5.200
109
1.300
1.600
1.900
214
4.600
4.900
5.300
161
3.200
3.500
3.900
266
5.500
5.900
6.400
165
3.300
3.600
4.000
270
5.600
6.000
6.400
168
3.400
3.700
4.100
273
5.600
6.000
6.500
172
3.500
3.800
4.200
277
5.700
6.100
6.500
175
3.600
3.900
4.300
280
5.700
6.100
6.600
179
3.700
4.000
4.400
284
5.700
6.200
6.600
182
3.800
4.100
4.500
287
5.800
6.200
6.600
291
5.800
6.200
6.700
186
3.900
4.200
4.600
189
4.000
4.300
4.700
Head Circumference (HC) : ASUM
112
1.500
1.800
2.100
217
4.600
5.000
5.400
116
1.600
1.900
2.200
221
4.700
5.100
5.500
119
1.700
2.100
2.400
224
4.800
5.200
5.600
GA Table
123
1.900
2.200
2.500
228
4.900
5.300
5.600
126
2.000
2.300
2.700
231
4.900
5.300
5.700
“Ultrasonic fetal Measurement Standards for an Australian Population“, compiled by Susan
Campbell Westerway - Faculty of Health Sciences University of Sydney.
130
2.100
2.500
2.800
235
5.000
5.400
5.800
133
2.300
2.600
2.900
238
5.100
5.500
5.900
137
2.400
2.700
3.100
242
5.100
5.500
5.900
140
2.500
2.800
3.200
245
5.200
5.600
6.000
144
2.600
3.000
3.300
249
5.200
5.700
6.100
147
2.700
3.100
3.400
252
5.300
5.700
6.100
http://www.asum.com.au/open/home.htm
Date: December 2003“
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
SD
(day)
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
SD
(day)
5.9
70.0
77.0
84.0
7.0
25.0
171.0
189.0
207.0
18.0
7.0
77.0
84.0
91.0
7.0
26.3
178.0
196.0
214.0
18.0
8.4
84.0
91.0
98.0
7.0
26.9
182.0
203.0
224.0
21.0
Reference Manual 90
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
SD
(day)
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
SD
(day)
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
9.6
88.0
98.0
108.0
10.0
27.4
189.0
210.0
231.0
21.0
14
8.100
9.600
11.100
30
24.900
27.400
29.900
10.8
95.0
105.0
115.0
10.0
28.4
196.0
217.0
238.0
21.0
15
9.300
10.800
12.300
31
25.900
28.400
30.900
11.300
12.800
14.300
32
26.300
28.800
31.300
12.8
102.0
112.0
122.0
10.0
28.8
200.0
224.0
248.0
24.0
16
14.1
109.0
119.0
129.0
10.0
30.0
207.0
231.0
255.0
24.0
17
12.600
14.100
15.600
33
27.500
30.000
32.500
13.100
15.100
17.100
34
28.000
30.500
33.000
15.1
112.0
126.0
140.0
14.0
30.5
210.0
238.0
266.0
28.0
18
16.0
119.0
133.0
147.0
14.0
31.0
217.0
245.0
273.0
28.0
19
14.000
16.000
18.000
35
28.500
31.000
33.500
20
15.000
17.000
19.000
36
29.200
31.700
34.200
21
15.600
17.600
19.600
37
29.600
32.100
34.600
22
16.800
18.800
20.800
38
30.300
32.800
35.300
23
19.000
21.000
23.000
39
31.100
33.600
36.100
24
20.000
22.000
24.000
40
31.500
34.000
36.500
25
21.100
23.100
25.100
41
31.900
34.400
36.900
26
21.800
23.800
25.800
17.0
126.0
140.0
154.0
14.0
31.7
224.0
252.0
280.0
28.0
17.6
133.0
147.0
161.0
14.0
32.1
231.0
259.0
287.0
28.0
18.8
140.0
154.0
168.0
14.0
32.8
238.0
266.0
294.0
28.0
21.0
147.0
161.0
175.0
14.0
33.6
245.0
273.0
301.0
28.0
22.0
154.0
168.0
182.0
14.0
34.0
252.0
280.0
308.0
28.0
23.1
161.0
175.0
189.0
14.0
34.4
259.0
287.0
315.0
28.0
23.8
168.0
182.0
196.0
14.0
Head Circumference (HC) : CFEF
Fetal Growth Table
“Ultrasonic fetal Measurement Standards for an Australian Population“, compiled by Susan
Campbell Westerway - Faculty of Health Sciences University of Sydney.
http://www.asum.com.au/open/home.htm
Date: December 2003
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
11
4.400
5.900
7.400
27
23.000
25.000
27.000
12
5.500
7.000
8.500
28
24.300
26.300
28.300
13
6.900
8.400
9.900
29
24.400
26.900
29.400
GA Table
Crequat,J., Duyme,M., Brodaty,G.,“Biometry 2000. Fetal growth charts by the French College
of fetal ultrasonography and the Inserm U 155“, Gynecol.Obstet Fertil., Vol. 28 No. 2, 2000,
pages 435-445
Meas (mm)
Mean (day)
Meas (mm)
Mean (day)
Meas (mm)
Mean (day)
120.86
112.0
227.32
175.0
298.1
238.0
134.49
119.0
236.72
182.0
303.62
245.0
147.55
126.0
246.0
189.0
308.81
252.0
Reference Manual 91
Meas (mm)
Mean (day)
Meas (mm)
Mean (day)
Meas (mm)
Mean (day)
Head Circumference (HC) : CHITTY
160.29
133.0
254.77
196.0
313.52
259.0
172.47
140.0
263.0
203.0
317.88
266.0
GA Table
184.21
147.0
270.84
210.0
321.86
273.0
Altmann D.G.; Chitty L.S. “New charts for ultrasound dating of pregnancy.“
195.74
154.0
278.33
217.0
324.0
280.0
Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology Vol. 10: 174-191, 1997
206.64
161.0
285.29
224.0
217.18
168.0
292.0
231.0
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
8.5
85.0
90.0
95.0
21.0
149.0
160.0
172.0
9.0
88.0
93.0
98.0
21.5
152.0
163.0
175.0
Fetal Growth Table
9.5
90.0
96.0
101.0
22.0
154.0
166.0
179.0
Créquat,J., Duyme,M., Brodaty,G.,“Biometry 2000. Fetal growth charts by the French College
of fetal ultrasonography and the Inserm U 155“, Gynécol Obstet Fertil, Vol. 28 No. 2, 2000,
pages 435-445
10.0
93.0
98.0
104.0
22.5
157.0
169.0
182.0
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
16
105.800
120.860
136.110
29
238.400
263.000
287.560
17
118.670
134.490
150.390
30
245.860
270.840
296.000
18
131.080
147.550
164.110
31
252.540
278.330
304.270
19
143.000
160.290
177.480
32
258.860
285.290
312.000
20
154.530
172.470
190.540
33
264.620
292.000
319.100
21
165.410
184.210
203.090
34
270.140
298.100
325.910
22
176.120
195.740
215.150
35
275.330
303.620
332.160
23
186.320
206.640
226.760
36
279.790
308.810
338.000
24
196.190
217.180
238.000
37
283.900
313.520
343.340
25
205.500
227.320
248.810
38
287.630
317.880
348.290
26
214.440
236.720
259.230
39
290.880
321.860
352.670
27
222.870
246.000
269.130
40
293.000
324.000
356.000
28
231.000
254.770
278.570
10.5
95.0
101.0
107.0
23.0
160.0
172.0
185.0
11.0
98.0
104.0
111.0
23.5
162.0
175.0
189.0
11.5
101.0
107.0
114.0
24.0
165.0
178.0
192.0
12.0
103.0
110.0
117.0
24.5
168.0
181.0
196.0
12.5
106.0
113.0
120.0
25.0
171.0
185.0
199.0
13.0
108.0
115.0
123.0
25.5
174.0
188.0
203.0
13.5
111.0
118.0
126.0
26.0
177.0
192.0
207.0
14.0
113.0
121.0
129.0
26.5
180.0
195.0
211.0
14.5
116.0
124.0
132.0
27.0
184.0
199.0
215.0
15.0
119.0
127.0
135.0
27.5
187.0
203.0
219.0
15.5
121.0
129.0
138.0
28.0
191.0
207.0
224.0
16.0
124.0
132.0
141.0
28.5
194.0
211.0
228.0
16.5
126.0
135.0
144.0
29.0
198.0
215.0
233.0
17.0
129.0
138.0
147.0
29.5
202.0
219.0
238.0
17.5
131.0
140.0
150.0
30.0
206.0
224.0
243.0
18.0
134.0
143.0
153.0
30.5
210.0
229.0
248.0
Reference Manual 92
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
18.5
136.0
146.0
156.0
31.0
215.0
234.0
254.0
25
21.750
23.370
24.990
41
32.710
35.590
38.470
42
32.870
35.230
37.590
19.0
139.0
149.0
160.0
31.5
219.0
239.0
260.0
26
22.180
24.480
26.780
19.5
141.0
152.0
163.0
32.0
224.0
244.0
266.0
27
23.630
25.610
27.590
32.5
229.0
250.0
272.0
20.0
144.0
154.0
166.0
20.5
146.0
157.0
169.0
Head Circumference (HC) : CHITTY_DERIVED
Fetal Growth Table
Fetal Growth Table
Chitty,L.S., Altman,D.G., Henderson,A., Campbell,S.,“ Charts of fetal size: 2. Head
measurements“ Br.J Obstet Gynaecol., Vol. 101 No. 1, 1994, pages 35-43.
Chitty L.S., Altman D.G., Hendesson A., Campell S., Charts of fetal size:2 Head measurements
Br J Obstetric Gynaecology 1994, Vol 101, pages 35-43.
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(week)
Lower
(mm)
Mean
(mm)
Upper
(mm)
Meas
(week)
Lower
(mm)
Mean
(mm)
Upper
(mm)
12
6.520
7.520
8.520
28
25.050
26.990
28.930
12
57.100
68.100
79.200
28
245.300
262.500
279.600
13
7.190
8.550
9.910
29
26.990
28.190
29.390
13
70.800
82.200
93.600
29
254.300
271.800
289.400
14
9.010
10.310
11.610
30
27.220
28.760
30.300
14
84.200
96.000
107.800
30
262.800
280.700
298.700
15
9.700
11.140
12.580
31
27.810
29.710
31.610
15
97.500
109.700
121.900
31
270.900
289.200
307.600
16
11.240
12.680
14.120
32
28.240
30.480
32.720
16
110.600
123.100
135.700
32
278.600
297.300
316.000
17
11.440
13.540
15.640
33
28.640
31.080
33.520
17
123.400
136.400
149.300
33
285.800
304.900
324.000
18
13.390
15.130
16.870
34
29.590
31.610
33.630
18
136.000
149.300
162.700
34
292.600
312.000
331.500
19
14.700
16.480
18.260
35
29.870
32.330
34.790
19
148.300
162.000
175.700
35
298.800
318.700
338.500
20
15.340
17.400
19.460
36
30.570
33.150
35.730
20
160.400
174.500
188.600
36
304.600
324.800
345.000
21
17.230
18.890
20.550
37
31.140
33.480
35.820
21
172.100
186.600
201.100
37
309.800
330.400
351.000
22
17.700
19.780
21.860
38
29.690
33.730
37.770
22
183.600
198.500
213.300
38
314.500
335.500
356.500
23
18.460
21.000
23.540
39
31.980
34.040
36.100
23
194.800
210.000
225.300
39
318.700
340.000
361.400
24
20.570
22.350
24.130
40
31.550
34.970
38.390
24
205.600
221.200
236.900
40
322.300
344.000
365.800
Reference Manual 93
Head Circumference (HC) : HANSMANN
Meas
(week)
Lower
(mm)
Mean
(mm)
Upper
(mm)
Meas
(week)
Lower
(mm)
Mean
(mm)
Upper
(mm)
25
216.100
232.100
248.100
41
325.300
347.400
369.600
GA Table
26
226.200
242.600
259.000
42
327.700
350.300
372.800
27
235.900
252.700
269.500
Hansmann, Hackelöer, Staudach, (Wittmann) “Ultrasound Diagnosis in Obstetrics and
Gynecology“ Springer- Verlag, New York, 1986, p.431.
Meas (cm)
Head Circumference (HC) : HADLOCK
GA Table
Mean (day)
Meas (cm)
Mean (day)
Meas (cm)
Mean (day)
10.6
98.0
21.5
161.0
31.1
224.0
11.5
105.0
22.6
168.0
31.8
231.0
12.7
112.0
24.0
175.0
32.5
238.0
“Hadlock,F.P., Deter,R.L., Harrist,R.B., Park,S.K.,“ Estimating fetal age: computer-assisted
analysis of multiple fetal growth parameters“, Radiology Vol. 152 No. 2, 1984, pages 497-501.“
14.0
119.0
25.1
182.0
33.2
245.0
15.2
126.0
26.3
189.0
33.7
252.0
GA = 8.96 + 0.54 x {OB_HC} + 0.0003 x ({OB_HC}3)
16.4
133.0
27.4
196.0
34.0
259.0
Output Unit: w (weeks)
17.6
140.0
28.4
203.0
34.4
266.0
Input Unit: cm
19.0
147.0
29.3
210.0
34.7
273.0
Min Range: 5.5cm
20.3
154.0
30.3
217.0
34.9
280.0
Max Range: 35.7cm
Fetal Growth Table
Fetal Growth Table
“Hadlock F.P., Deter R.L.; Harrist R.B., Park S.K.
Hansmann, Hackelöer, Staudach, (Wittmann) “Ultrasound Diagnosis in Obstetrics and
Gynecology“ Springer- Verlag, New York, 1986, p.434.
“Estimating Fetal Age: Computer-Assisted Analysis of Multiple Fetal Growth Parameters“
Radiology 1984; 152: 497-501“
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Output Unit : cm
14
10.600
10.600
10.600
28
25.400
27.400
29.000
Input Unit: w (week)
15
10.300
11.500
12.900
29
26.300
28.400
30.100
Min Range: 12w
16
11.400
12.700
14.100
30
27.300
29.300
31.000
Max Range: 40w
17
12.500
14.000
15.300
31
28.200
30.300
32.000
18
13.800
15.200
16.600
32
29.000
31.100
32.800
Mean = - 11.48 + 1.56 x {GA} - 0.0002548 x {GA}3
Reference Manual 94
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
19
14.900
16.400
18.000
33
29.700
31.800
33.500
6.4
76.0
80.0
84.0
15.0
121.0
127.0
133.0
20
16.100
17.600
19.300
34
30.300
32.500
34.300
6.6
77.0
81.0
85.0
15.2
122.0
128.0
134.0
21
17.300
19.000
20.600
35
31.000
33.200
34.900
6.8
78.0
82.0
86.0
15.4
123.0
129.0
135.0
22
18.500
20.300
21.900
36
31.500
33.700
35.500
7.0
79.0
83.0
88.0
15.6
124.0
130.0
136.0
23
19.800
21.500
23.200
37
32.100
34.000
36.000
7.2
80.0
84.0
89.0
15.8
126.0
131.0
138.0
24
21.000
22.600
24.400
38
32.500
34.400
36.400
7.4
81.0
85.0
90.0
16.0
127.0
133.0
139.0
25
22.300
24.000
25.700
39
32.900
34.700
36.900
7.6
82.0
86.0
91.0
16.2
128.0
134.0
140.0
26
23.400
25.100
26.800
40
33.300
34.900
37.200
27
24.400
26.300
28.000
Head Circumference (HC) : JOHNSEN
GA Table
“Johnsen,S.L., Rasmussen,S., Sollien,R., Kiserud,T.,“Fetal age assessment based on ultrasound
head biometry and the effect of maternal and fetal factors“, Acta Obstet Gynecol.Scand. Vol.
83 No. 8, 2004, pages 716-723.“
7.8
83.0
87.0
92.0
16.4
129.0
135.0
141.0
8.0
84.0
88.0
93.0
16.6
130.0
136.0
142.0
8.2
85.0
89.0
94.0
16.8
131.0
137.0
143.0
8.4
86.0
91.0
95.0
17.0
132.0
138.0
145.0
8.6
87.0
92.0
96.0
17.2
133.0
140.0
146.0
8.8
88.0
93.0
98.0
17.4
135.0
141.0
147.0
9.0
89.0
94.0
99.0
17.6
136.0
142.0
148.0
9.2
90.0
95.0
100.0
17.8
137.0
143.0
150.0
9.4
91.0
96.0
101.0
18.0
138.0
144.0
151.0
9.6
92.0
97.0
102.0
18.2
139.0
145.0
152.0
9.8
93.0
98.0
103.0
18.4
140.0
147.0
153.0
94.0
99.0
104.0
18.6
142.0
148.0
154.0
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
5.0
68.0
72.0
76.0
13.6
113.0
119.0
125.0
10.0
5.2
70.0
73.0
77.0
13.8
115.0
120.0
126.0
10.2
95.0
100.0
105.0
18.8
143.0
149.0
156.0
5.4
71.0
74.0
79.0
14.0
116.0
121.0
127.0
10.4
96.0
101.0
107.0
19.0
144.0
150.0
157.0
5.6
72.0
76.0
80.0
14.2
117.0
122.0
128.0
10.6
97.0
102.0
108.0
19.2
145.0
151.0
158.0
10.8
99.0
104.0
109.0
19.4
146.0
153.0
159.0
5.8
73.0
77.0
81.0
14.4
118.0
123.0
129.0
6.0
74.0
78.0
82.0
14.6
119.0
125.0
131.0
11.0
100.0
105.0
110.0
19.6
147.0
154.0
161.0
132.0
11.2
101.0
106.0
111.0
19.8
149.0
155.0
162.0
6.2
75.0
79.0
83.0
14.8
120.0
126.0
Reference Manual 95
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
Meas
(day)
Lower
(mm)
Mean
(mm)
Upper
(mm)
Meas
(day)
Lower
(mm)
Mean
(mm)
Upper
(mm)
11.4
102.0
107.0
112.0
20.0
150.0
156.0
163.0
126
136.000
147.000
158.000
238
292.000
307.000
323.000
11.6
103.0
108.0
113.0
20.2
151.0
157.0
164.0
133
148.000
159.000
171.000
245
298.000
314.000
330.000
11.8
104.0
109.0
114.0
20.4
152.0
159.0
165.0
140
160.000
172.000
184.000
252
304.000
320.000
336.000
12.0
105.0
110.0
116.0
20.6
153.0
160.0
167.0
147
172.000
184.000
196.000
259
309.000
325.000
342.000
12.2
106.0
111.0
117.0
20.8
155.0
161.0
168.0
154
184.000
196.000
208.000
266
314.000
330.000
347.000
12.4
107.0
112.0
118.0
21.0
156.0
162.0
169.0
161
195.000
207.000
220.000
273
318.000
334.000
352.000
12.6
108.0
113.0
119.0
21.2
157.0
164.0
171.0
168
206.000
218.000
231.000
280
322.000
338.000
356.000
175
217.000
229.000
242.000
286
324.000
341.000
359.000
12.8
109.0
115.0
120.0
21.4
158.0
165.0
172.0
13.0
110.0
116.0
121.0
21.6
159.0
166.0
173.0
13.2
111.0
117.0
122.0
21.8
161.0
167.0
174.0
13.4
112.0
118.0
124.0
22.0
162.0
169.0
176.0
Head Circumference (HC) : KURMANAVICIUS
Fetal Growth Table
Fetal Growth Table
Standard-Tabellen und Kurven für Ultraschall-/Dopplersonografie, Dept. Frauenheilkunde
Klinik und Poliklinik für Geburtshilfe; Copyright (1997) J. Kurmanavicius et al Prof. Dr. A. Huch
S.L. Johnsen, S. Rasmussen, R. Sollijen, T. Kiserud
Meas
(day)
Lower
(mm)
Mean
(mm)
Upper
(mm)
Meas
(day)
Lower
(mm)
Mean
(mm)
Upper
(mm)
70
42.000
49.000
56.000
182
227.000
240.000
253.000
77
52.000
60.000
68.000
189
237.000
250.000
263.000
84
63.000
71.000
81.000
196
246.000
259.000
273.000
91
75.000
84.000
93.000
203
255.000
268.000
283.000
98
87.000
96.000
106.000
210
263.000
277.000
292.000
105
99.000
109.000
119.000
217
271.000
285.000
300.000
112
111.000
121.000
132.000
224
279.000
293.000
309.000
119
124.000
134.000
145.000
231
286.000
301.000
316.000
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
12
5.970
7.210
8.450
28
24.440
26.270
28.110
13
7.330
8.610
9.890
29
25.290
27.160
29.030
14
8.670
9.990
11.310
30
26.090
28.000
29.910
15
9.990
11.350
12.700
31
26.840
28.790
30.730
16
11.290
12.680
14.070
32
27.550
29.530
31.510
17
12.560
13.990
15.420
33
28.210
30.220
32.240
18
13.810
15.270
16.740
34
28.810
30.870
32.920
19
15.020
16.520
18.030
35
29.360
31.450
33.550
Reference Manual 96
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
20
16.210
17.750
19.290
36
29.860
31.990
34.120
8.8
84.0
92.0
101.0
23.6
160.0
173.0
186.0
21
17.360
18.940
20.520
37
30.300
32.460
34.630
9.0
85.0
93.0
102.0
23.8
162.0
174.0
187.0
22
18.490
20.100
21.710
38
30.680
32.880
35.090
9.2
86.0
95.0
103.0
24.0
163.0
176.0
188.0
23
19.570
21.220
22.870
39
31.000
33.240
35.480
9.4
87.0
95.0
104.0
24.2
165.0
177.0
190.0
24
20.620
22.310
24.000
40
31.260
33.540
35.820
9.6
88.0
96.0
104.0
24.4
166.0
179.0
191.0
25
21.640
23.360
25.090
41
31.460
33.770
36.090
9.8
89.0
97.0
106.0
24.6
167.0
180.0
193.0
26
22.610
24.370
26.130
42
31.590
33.940
36.300
10.0
90.0
98.0
106.0
24.8
169.0
181.0
194.0
27
23.550
25.340
27.140
Head Circumference (HC) : MERZ
GA Table
E. Merz, W. Goldhofer, E. Timor-Tritsch “Ultrasound in Gynecology and Obstetrics“ Text book
and Atlas, 1991 Georg Thieme Verlag, pp. 326
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
7.2
77.0
85.0
92.0
22.0
151.0
163.0
175.0
7.4
78.0
86.0
95.0
22.2
153.0
165.0
176.0
7.6
78.0
87.0
95.0
22.4
153.0
165.0
177.0
7.8
79.0
88.0
96.0
22.6
155.0
167.0
179.0
8.0
81.0
89.0
97.0
22.8
155.0
168.0
181.0
8.2
81.0
90.0
98.0
23.0
157.0
169.0
182.0
8.4
82.0
90.0
99.0
23.2
158.0
171.0
183.0
8.6
83.0
92.0
100.0
23.4
159.0
172.0
184.0
10.2
90.0
99.0
109.0
25.0
169.0
182.0
195.0
10.4
91.0
100.0
109.0
25.2
171.0
183.0
196.0
10.6
92.0
101.0
110.0
25.4
172.0
185.0
197.0
10.8
93.0
102.0
111.0
25.6
174.0
186.0
199.0
11.0
94.0
103.0
112.0
25.8
175.0
188.0
200.0
11.2
95.0
104.0
113.0
26.0
176.0
189.0
202.0
11.4
96.0
105.0
114.0
26.2
178.0
190.0
203.0
11.6
97.0
106.0
115.0
26.4
179.0
192.0
204.0
11.8
98.0
107.0
116.0
26.6
181.0
193.0
206.0
12.0
99.0
108.0
117.0
26.8
182.0
195.0
207.0
12.2
99.0
109.0
119.0
27.0
183.0
197.0
210.0
12.4
100.0
110.0
120.0
27.2
185.0
198.0
211.0
12.6
101.0
111.0
120.0
27.4
186.0
200.0
213.0
12.8
102.0
112.0
122.0
27.6
188.0
201.0
214.0
13.0
103.0
113.0
123.0
27.8
189.0
202.0
216.0
13.2
104.0
114.0
124.0
28.0
190.0
204.0
217.0
13.4
105.0
115.0
125.0
28.2
192.0
205.0
218.0
Reference Manual 97
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
Meas
(cm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
13.6
106.0
116.0
126.0
28.4
194.0
207.0
221.0
18.4
130.0
141.0
153.0
33.2
233.0
249.0
264.0
13.8
107.0
117.0
127.0
28.6
195.0
209.0
222.0
18.6
132.0
143.0
154.0
33.4
235.0
251.0
266.0
14.0
109.0
118.0
128.0
28.8
197.0
210.0
223.0
18.8
133.0
144.0
155.0
33.6
237.0
253.0
268.0
14.2
109.0
119.0
129.0
29.0
198.0
211.0
225.0
19.0
134.0
145.0
156.0
33.8
239.0
255.0
270.0
14.4
111.0
120.0
130.0
29.2
200.0
214.0
227.0
19.2
135.0
146.0
158.0
34.0
241.0
256.0
272.0
14.6
111.0
121.0
131.0
29.4
202.0
215.0
228.0
19.4
137.0
148.0
159.0
34.2
243.0
258.0
274.0
14.8
112.0
123.0
133.0
29.6
203.0
216.0
230.0
19.6
137.0
148.0
160.0
34.4
245.0
260.0
276.0
15.0
113.0
123.0
134.0
29.8
204.0
218.0
231.0
19.8
138.0
150.0
161.0
34.6
247.0
263.0
278.0
15.2
114.0
125.0
135.0
30.0
206.0
220.0
234.0
20.0
139.0
151.0
163.0
34.8
249.0
265.0
281.0
15.4
115.0
125.0
136.0
30.2
207.0
221.0
235.0
20.2
140.0
152.0
164.0
35.0
251.0
267.0
284.0
15.6
116.0
127.0
137.0
30.4
209.0
223.0
237.0
20.4
141.0
153.0
165.0
35.2
253.0
270.0
286.0
15.8
117.0
127.0
138.0
30.6
211.0
225.0
239.0
20.6
143.0
155.0
167.0
35.4
256.0
272.0
288.0
16.0
118.0
129.0
139.0
30.8
212.0
226.0
240.0
20.8
144.0
155.0
167.0
35.6
258.0
274.0
290.0
16.2
119.0
130.0
140.0
31.0
214.0
228.0
242.0
21.0
145.0
157.0
169.0
35.8
260.0
277.0
293.0
16.4
120.0
131.0
141.0
31.2
216.0
230.0
244.0
21.2
146.0
158.0
170.0
36.0
263.0
279.0
295.0
16.6
121.0
132.0
142.0
31.4
218.0
232.0
246.0
21.4
147.0
159.0
171.0
36.2
265.0
281.0
297.0
36.4
267.0
284.0
300.0
16.8
123.0
133.0
144.0
31.6
220.0
234.0
248.0
21.6
148.0
160.0
172.0
17.0
123.0
134.0
144.0
31.8
221.0
235.0
249.0
21.8
150.0
162.0
174.0
17.2
125.0
135.0
146.0
32.0
223.0
237.0
252.0
17.4
125.0
136.0
146.0
32.2
224.0
239.0
253.0
17.6
126.0
137.0
148.0
32.4
226.0
241.0
256.0
17.8
127.0
139.0
150.0
32.6
228.0
243.0
258.0
18.0
128.0
139.0
151.0
32.8
230.0
244.0
259.0
18.2
130.0
141.0
152.0
33.0
232.0
246.0
261.0
Reference Manual 98
Fetal Growth Table
Merz E., Wellek S.
“Normal Fetal Development Profiles - A Model to obtain Standard Development Graphs for
the Head and Abdominal Parameters and the Long Limb Bones“ Ultraschall in der Medizin
17 (1996) 153-162
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
158
19.800
21.200
22.600
263
32.400
34.100
35.900
161
20.400
21.800
23.200
266
32.600
34.300
36.100
165
21.000
22.400
23.800
270
32.700
34.500
36.200
168
21.600
23.000
24.400
273
32.900
34.600
36.400
172
22.100
23.600
25.000
277
33.000
34.800
36.500
175
22.700
24.100
25.600
280
33.100
34.900
36.600
179
23.200
24.700
26.200
284
33.200
34.900
36.700
182
23.800
25.300
26.700
287
33.200
35.000
36.800
186
24.300
25.800
27.300
291
33.200
35.000
36.900
189
24.800
26.300
27.800
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
88
8.000
9.200
10.400
193
25.300
26.800
28.400
91
8.400
9.600
10.800
196
25.800
27.300
28.900
95
8.900
10.100
11.300
200
26.300
27.800
29.400
98
9.400
10.600
11.900
203
26.800
28.300
29.900
102
10.000
11.200
12.400
207
27.200
28.800
30.300
105
10.500
11.800
13.000
210
27.700
29.200
30.800
109
11.100
12.400
13.700
214
28.100
29.700
31.300
112
11.700
13.000
14.300
217
28.500
30.100
31.700
116
12.300
13.600
14.900
221
28.900
30.500
32.100
119
13.000
14.300
15.600
224
29.300
30.900
32.500
Fetal Growth Table
123
13.600
14.900
16.200
228
29.700
31.300
32.900
126
14.200
15.500
16.800
231
30.000
31.600
33.300
R. J. M. Snijders and K. H. Nicolaides; “Fetal biometry at 14-40 weeks’ gestation“ Ultrasound
Obstet. Gynecol. 4 (1994) 34-48
130
14.800
16.200
17.500
235
30.300
32.000
33.600
133
15.500
16.800
18.100
238
30.700
32.300
34.000
137
16.100
17.400
18.800
242
31.000
32.600
34.300
140
16.700
18.100
19.400
245
31.300
32.900
34.600
144
17.300
18.700
20.100
249
31.500
33.200
34.900
147
18.000
19.300
20.700
252
31.800
33.500
35.200
151
18.600
20.000
21.400
256
32.000
33.700
35.400
154
19.200
20.600
22.000
259
32.200
33.900
35.600
Head Circumference (HC) : NICOLAIDES
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
14
10.200
11.000
11.800
27
23.800
25.600
27.700
15
11.100
12.000
12.900
28
24.800
26.700
28.800
16
12.000
13.000
14.000
29
25.700
27.700
29.900
17
13.000
14.100
15.200
30
26.600
28.700
30.900
18
14.100
15.200
16.400
31
27.400
29.600
31.900
19
15.100
16.300
17.600
32
28.200
30.400
32.800
Reference Manual 99
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
20
16.200
17.500
18.900
33
28.800
31.100
33.600
24
1.050
1.130
1.210
39
0.870
0.970
1.060
21
17.300
18.700
20.100
34
29.400
31.700
34.200
25
1.040
1.130
1.220
40
0.870
0.970
1.060
22
18.400
19.800
21.400
35
29.900
32.300
34.800
26
1.040
1.130
1.220
41
0.930
0.960
1.000
23
19.500
21.000
22.700
36
30.300
32.700
35.300
27
1.050
1.130
1.220
42
0.930
0.960
1.000
24
20.600
22.200
24.000
37
30.600
33.000
35.600
25
21.700
23.400
25.200
38
30.800
33.200
35.800
26
22.700
24.500
26.400
39
30.900
33.300
35.900
Fetal Trunk cross-sectional Area (FTA) : OSAKA
GA Table
Perinatal care Vol. 9 No. 5
Head Circumference (HC_DIV_AC) : CAMPBELL
Meas (cm2)
Fetal Growth Table
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
13
1.140
1.230
1.310
28
1.050
1.130
1.220
14
1.140
1.230
1.310
29
0.990
1.100
1.210
15
1.050
1.220
1.390
30
0.990
1.100
1.210
16
1.050
1.220
1.390
31
0.960
1.070
1.170
17
1.070
1.180
1.290
32
0.960
1.070
1.170
18
1.070
1.180
1.290
33
0.960
1.040
1.110
19
1.090
1.180
1.260
34
0.960
1.040
1.110
20
1.090
1.180
1.260
35
0.930
1.020
1.110
21
1.060
1.150
1.250
36
0.930
1.020
1.110
22
1.060
1.150
1.250
37
0.920
0.980
1.050
23
1.050
1.130
1.210
38
0.920
0.980
1.050
Mean (day)
Meas (cm2)
Mean (day)
Meas (cm2)
Mean (day)
5.6
98.0
25.9
159.0
56.1
220.0
5.8
99.0
26.4
160.0
56.7
221.0
6.0
100.0
26.8
161.0
57.2
222.0
6.3
101.0
27.2
162.0
57.7
223.0
6.5
102.0
27.7
163.0
58.3
224.0
6.8
103.0
28.1
164.0
58.8
225.0
7.1
104.0
28.5
165.0
59.4
226.0
7.3
105.0
29.0
166.0
59.9
227.0
7.6
106.0
29.4
167.0
60.4
228.0
7.8
107.0
29.9
168.0
61.0
229.0
8.1
108.0
30.3
169.0
61.5
230.0
8.4
109.0
30.8
170.0
62.1
231.0
8.7
110.0
31.3
171.0
62.6
232.0
Reference Manual 100
Meas (cm2)
Mean (day)
Meas (cm2)
Mean (day)
Meas (cm2)
Mean (day)
Meas (cm2)
Mean (day)
Meas (cm2)
Mean (day)
Meas (cm2)
Mean (day)
8.9
111.0
31.7
172.0
63.1
233.0
16.9
136.0
44.0
197.0
76.2
258.0
9.2
112.0
32.2
173.0
63.7
234.0
17.3
137.0
44.5
198.0
76.8
259.0
9.5
113.0
32.6
174.0
64.2
235.0
17.6
138.0
45.0
199.0
77.3
260.0
9.8
114.0
33.1
175.0
64.7
236.0
18.0
139.0
45.5
200.0
77.7
261.0
10.1
115.0
33.6
176.0
65.3
237.0
18.4
140.0
46.0
201.0
78.2
262.0
10.4
116.0
34.1
177.0
65.8
238.0
18.7
141.0
46.6
202.0
78.7
263.0
10.7
117.0
34.5
178.0
66.4
239.0
19.1
142.0
47.1
203.0
79.2
264.0
11.0
118.0
35.0
179.0
66.9
240.0
19.5
143.0
47.6
204.0
79.7
265.0
11.3
119.0
35.5
180.0
67.4
241.0
19.9
144.0
48.1
205.0
80.2
266.0
11.6
120.0
36.0
181.0
67.9
242.0
20.2
145.0
48.7
206.0
80.7
267.0
11.9
121.0
36.5
182.0
68.5
243.0
20.6
146.0
49.2
207.0
81.1
268.0
12.2
122.0
36.9
183.0
69.0
244.0
21.0
147.0
49.7
208.0
81.6
269.0
12.5
123.0
37.4
184.0
69.5
245.0
21.4
148.0
50.2
209.0
82.1
270.0
12.8
124.0
37.9
185.0
70.1
246.0
21.8
149.0
50.8
210.0
82.6
271.0
13.2
125.0
38.4
186.0
70.6
247.0
22.2
150.0
51.3
211.0
83.0
272.0
13.5
126.0
38.9
187.0
71.1
248.0
22.6
151.0
51.8
212.0
83.5
273.0
13.8
127.0
39.4
188.0
71.6
249.0
23.0
152.0
52.4
213.0
83.9
274.0
14.1
128.0
39.9
189.0
72.2
250.0
23.4
153.0
52.9
214.0
84.4
275.0
14.5
129.0
40.4
190.0
72.7
251.0
23.8
154.0
53.4
215.0
84.8
276.0
14.8
130.0
40.9
191.0
73.2
252.0
24.2
155.0
54.0
216.0
85.3
277.0
15.2
131.0
41.4
192.0
73.7
253.0
24.7
156.0
54.5
217.0
85.7
278.0
15.5
132.0
41.9
193.0
74.2
254.0
25.1
157.0
55.0
218.0
86.1
279.0
25.5
158.0
55.6
219.0
86.6
280.0
15.8
133.0
42.4
194.0
74.7
255.0
16.2
134.0
42.9
195.0
75.2
256.0
16.6
135.0
43.4
196.0
75.7
257.0
Reference Manual 101
Fetal Growth Table
Perinatal care Vol. 9 No. 5
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm2)
Mean
(cm2)
Upper
(cm2)
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm2)
Mean
(cm2)
Upper
(cm2)
120
8.900
11.600
14.300
212
42.950
51.800
60.650
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm2)
Mean
(cm2)
Upper
(cm2)
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm2)
Mean
(cm2)
Upper
(cm2)
121
9.050
11.900
14.750
213
43.400
52.400
61.400
98
3.800
5.600
7.400
190
33.200
40.400
47.600
122
9.350
12.200
15.050
214
43.750
52.900
62.050
99
4.000
5.800
7.600
191
33.700
40.900
48.100
123
9.650
12.500
15.350
215
44.250
53.400
62.550
9.800
12.800
15.800
216
44.700
54.000
63.300
100
4.200
6.000
7.800
192
34.050
41.400
48.750
124
101
4.350
6.300
8.250
193
34.550
41.900
49.250
125
10.200
13.200
16.200
217
45.200
54.500
63.800
10.500
13.500
16.500
218
45.550
55.000
64.450
102
4.550
6.500
8.450
194
34.900
42.400
49.900
126
103
4.850
6.800
8.750
195
35.400
42.900
50.400
127
10.650
13.800
16.950
219
46.000
55.600
65.200
10.950
14.100
17.250
220
46.500
56.100
65.700
104
5.150
7.100
9.050
196
35.750
43.400
51.050
128
105
5.200
7.300
9.400
197
36.350
44.000
51.650
129
11.350
14.500
17.650
221
46.950
56.700
66.450
106
5.500
7.600
9.700
198
36.700
44.500
52.300
130
11.500
14.800
18.100
222
47.450
57.200
66.950
107
5.700
7.800
9.900
199
37.200
45.000
52.800
131
11.900
15.200
18.500
223
47.800
57.700
67.600
108
5.850
8.100
10.350
200
37.550
45.500
53.450
132
12.200
15.500
18.800
224
48.250
58.300
68.350
12.350
15.800
19.250
225
48.750
58.800
68.850
109
6.150
8.400
10.650
201
38.050
46.000
53.950
133
110
6.450
8.700
10.950
202
38.500
46.600
54.700
134
12.750
16.200
19.650
226
49.200
59.400
69.600
13.150
16.600
20.050
227
49.700
59.900
70.100
111
6.650
8.900
11.150
203
39.000
47.100
55.200
135
112
6.800
9.200
11.600
204
39.350
47.600
55.850
136
13.300
16.900
20.500
228
50.050
60.400
70.750
13.700
17.300
20.900
229
50.500
61.000
71.500
113
7.100
9.500
11.900
205
39.700
48.100
56.500
137
114
7.400
9.800
12.200
206
40.300
48.700
57.100
138
13.850
17.600
21.350
230
51.000
61.500
72.000
115
7.550
10.100
12.650
207
40.650
49.200
57.750
139
14.250
18.000
21.750
231
51.450
62.100
72.750
14.650
18.400
22.150
232
51.950
62.600
73.250
116
7.850
10.400
12.950
208
41.150
49.700
58.250
140
117
8.150
10.700
13.250
209
41.500
50.200
58.900
141
14.800
18.700
22.600
233
52.300
63.100
73.900
15.200
19.100
23.000
234
52.750
63.700
74.650
15.600
19.500
23.400
235
53.250
64.200
75.150
118
8.300
11.000
13.700
210
42.100
50.800
59.500
142
119
8.600
11.300
14.000
211
42.450
51.300
60.150
143
Reference Manual 102
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm2)
Mean
(cm2)
Upper
(cm2)
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm2)
Mean
(cm2)
Upper
(cm2)
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm2)
Mean
(cm2)
Upper
(cm2)
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm2)
Mean
(cm2)
Upper
(cm2)
144
15.850
19.900
23.950
236
53.600
64.700
75.800
168
24.350
29.900
35.450
260
63.800
77.300
90.800
145
16.150
20.200
24.250
237
54.050
65.300
76.550
169
24.750
30.300
35.850
261
64.050
77.700
91.350
146
16.400
20.600
24.800
238
54.550
65.800
77.050
170
25.100
30.800
36.500
262
64.550
78.200
91.850
147
16.800
21.000
25.200
239
55.000
66.400
77.800
171
25.600
31.300
37.000
263
64.900
78.700
92.500
148
17.200
21.400
25.600
240
55.500
66.900
78.300
172
25.850
31.700
37.550
264
65.250
79.200
93.150
149
17.450
21.800
26.150
241
55.850
67.400
78.950
173
26.350
32.200
38.050
265
65.750
79.700
93.650
150
17.850
22.200
26.550
242
56.200
67.900
79.600
174
26.600
32.600
38.600
266
66.100
80.200
94.300
151
18.100
22.600
27.100
243
56.800
68.500
80.200
175
27.100
33.100
39.100
267
66.450
80.700
94.950
152
18.500
23.000
27.500
244
57.150
69.000
80.850
176
27.450
33.600
39.750
268
66.700
81.100
95.500
153
18.900
23.400
27.900
245
57.500
69.500
81.500
177
27.950
34.100
40.250
269
67.200
81.600
96.000
154
19.150
23.800
28.450
246
58.100
70.100
82.100
178
28.200
34.500
40.800
270
67.550
82.100
96.650
155
19.550
24.200
28.850
247
58.450
70.600
82.750
179
28.700
35.000
41.300
271
67.900
82.600
97.300
156
19.900
24.700
29.500
248
58.800
71.100
83.400
180
29.050
35.500
41.950
272
68.300
83.000
97.700
157
20.300
25.100
29.900
249
59.300
71.600
83.900
181
29.550
36.000
42.450
273
68.650
83.500
98.350
158
20.550
25.500
30.450
250
59.750
72.200
84.650
182
29.900
36.500
43.100
274
68.900
83.900
98.900
159
20.950
25.900
30.850
251
60.100
72.700
85.300
183
30.300
36.900
43.500
275
69.250
84.400
99.550
160
21.450
26.400
31.350
252
60.600
73.200
85.800
184
30.650
37.400
44.150
276
69.650
84.800
99.950
161
21.700
26.800
31.900
253
60.950
73.700
86.450
185
31.150
37.900
44.650
277
70.000
85.300
100.600
162
22.100
27.200
32.300
254
61.300
74.200
87.100
186
31.500
38.400
45.300
278
70.250
85.700
101.150
163
22.450
27.700
32.950
255
61.800
74.700
87.600
187
32.000
38.900
45.800
279
70.500
86.100
101.700
164
22.850
28.100
33.350
256
62.150
75.200
88.250
188
32.350
39.400
46.450
280
71.000
86.600
102.200
165
23.100
28.500
33.900
257
62.500
75.700
88.900
189
32.850
39.900
46.950
166
23.600
29.000
34.400
258
63.000
76.200
89.400
167
23.850
29.400
34.950
259
63.450
76.800
90.150
Reference Manual 103
Clavicle (CLAV) : YARKONI
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
GA Table
25
2.100
2.600
3.100
38
3.400
3.900
4.400
“Yarkoni S., Schmidt W., Jeanty P., Reece A., Hobbins J.C.
26
2.200
2.700
3.200
39
3.500
4.000
4.500
“Clavicular Measurement: A New Biometric Parameter for Fetal Evaluation“
27
2.300
2.800
3.300
40
3.600
4.100
4.600
Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine 4:467-470, September 1985.“
GA = 3.717731 + 8.272778 x {OB_CLAV}
Radius Length (RAD) : JEANTY
Output Unit: w (weeks)
Input Unit: cm
Fetal Growth Table
Min Range: 1.1cm
Jeanty,P., “Fetal Limb Biometry“ Radiology, Vol. 147 No. 2, 1983, pages 601-602
Max Range: 4.5cm
Meas
(week)
Lower
(mm)
Mean
(mm)
Upper
(mm)
Meas
(week)
Lower
(mm)
Mean
(mm)
Upper
(mm)
“Yarkoni S., Schmidt W., Jeanty P., Reece A., Hobbins J.C.
11
4.500
4.500
4.500
26
31.660
37.300
42.940
“Clavicular Measurement: A New Biometric Parameter for Fetal Evaluation“ Journal of
Ultrasound in Medicine 4:467-470, September 1985.“
12
7.300
7.300
7.300
27
33.160
38.800
44.440
13
4.360
10.000
15.640
28
34.560
40.200
45.840
14
7.060
12.700
18.340
29
35.960
41.600
47.240
Fetal Growth Table
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
15
9.560
15.200
20.840
30
37.160
42.800
48.440
15
1.100
1.600
2.100
28
2.400
2.900
3.400
16
11.960
17.600
23.240
31
38.260
43.900
49.540
16
1.200
1.700
2.200
29
2.500
3.000
3.500
17
14.360
20.000
25.640
32
39.360
45.000
50.640
17
1.300
1.800
2.300
30
2.600
3.100
3.600
18
16.660
22.300
27.940
33
40.360
46.000
51.640
18
1.400
1.900
2.400
31
2.700
3.200
3.700
19
18.860
24.500
30.140
34
41.160
46.800
52.440
20.960
26.600
32.240
35
41.960
47.600
53.240
19
1.500
2.000
2.500
32
2.800
3.300
3.800
20
20
1.600
2.100
2.600
33
2.900
3.400
3.900
21
22.960
28.600
34.240
36
42.660
48.300
53.940
21
1.700
2.200
2.700
34
3.000
3.500
4.000
22
24.860
30.500
36.140
37
43.360
49.000
54.640
22
1.800
2.300
2.800
35
3.100
3.600
4.100
23
26.760
32.400
38.040
38
43.860
49.500
55.140
23
1.900
2.400
2.900
36
3.200
3.700
4.200
24
28.460
34.100
39.740
39
44.260
49.900
55.540
24
2.000
2.500
3.000
37
3.300
3.800
4.300
25
30.160
35.800
41.440
40
44.660
50.300
55.940
Reference Manual 104
Radius Length (RAD) : MERZ
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Fetal Growth Table
22
25.000
29.000
32.000
36
47.000
51.000
55.000
Merz E., Wellek S.
22
26.000
30.000
33.000
37
47.000
51.000
55.000
“Normal Fetal Development Profiles- A Model to obtain Standard Development Graphs for
the Head and Abdominal Parameters and the Long Limb Bones“ Ultraschall in der Medizin
17 (1996) 153-162
22
27.000
31.000
34.000
38
48.000
52.000
56.000
23
28.000
32.000
35.000
38
48.000
52.000
56.000
24
29.000
32.000
36.000
38
48.000
52.000
57.000
24
30.000
33.000
37.000
39
49.000
53.000
57.000
24
31.000
34.000
38.000
40
49.000
53.000
57.000
25
32.000
35.000
39.000
40
49.000
53.000
58.000
26
32.000
36.000
40.000
40
49.000
54.000
58.000
26
33.000
37.000
41.000
41
50.000
54.000
58.000
26
34.000
38.000
41.000
42
50.000
54.000
58.000
27
35.000
39.000
42.000
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
12
1.000
4.000
7.000
28
36.000
39.000
43.000
13
3.000
6.000
9.000
28
36.000
40.000
44.000
14
5.000
8.000
11.000
28
37.000
41.000
45.000
14
6.000
10.000
13.000
29
38.000
42.000
45.000
14
8.000
11.000
14.000
30
39.000
42.000
46.000
15
10.000
13.000
16.000
30
39.000
43.000
47.000
16
11.000
14.000
17.000
30
40.000
44.000
48.000
16
12.000
16.000
19.000
31
41.000
44.000
48.000
16
14.000
17.000
20.000
32
41.000
45.000
49.000
17
15.000
18.000
22.000
32
42.000
46.000
50.000
GA Table
18
16.000
20.000
23.000
32
43.000
46.000
50.000
18
17.000
21.000
24.000
33
43.000
47.000
51.000
Eik-Nes SH, Jorgensen NP, Grottum P, Lokvik B “Normal range curves for the intrauterinegrowth
of the fetal abdominal diameters“ Submitted JCU
18
19.000
22.000
25.000
34
44.000
48.000
52.000
Meas (cm)
Mean (day)
Meas (cm)
Mean (day)
Meas (cm)
Mean (day)
19
20.000
23.000
26.000
34
44.000
48.000
52.000
3.6
112.0
6.1
173.0
8.6
222.0
20
21.000
24.000
28.000
34
45.000
49.000
53.000
3.7
115.0
6.2
175.0
8.7
224.0
20
22.000
25.000
29.000
35
45.000
49.000
53.000
3.8
118.0
6.3
177.0
8.8
226.0
20
23.000
26.000
30.000
36
46.000
50.000
54.000
3.9
122.0
6.4
179.0
8.9
228.0
21
24.000
28.000
31.000
36
46.000
50.000
54.000
4.0
125.0
6.5
181.0
9.0
230.0
Middle Abdominal Diameter (MAD) : EIK_NES
Reference Manual 105
Meas (cm)
Mean (day)
Meas (cm)
Mean (day)
Meas (cm)
Mean (day)
4.1
128.0
6.6
183.0
9.1
232.0
4.2
130.0
6.7
185.0
9.2
235.0
4.3
133.0
6.8
187.0
9.3
237.0
Fetal Growth Table
Eik-Nes SH, Jorgensen NP, Grottum P, Lokvik B “Normal range curves for the intrauterine
growth of the fetal abdominal diameters“ Submitted JCU
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
20
3.810
4.550
5.350
31
7.350
8.350
9.400
21
4.100
4.850
5.600
32
7.700
8.700
9.750
22
4.300
5.150
5.900
33
8.050
9.000
10.050
4.4
136.0
6.9
189.0
9.4
239.0
4.5
138.0
7.0
191.0
9.5
241.0
4.6
141.0
7.1
192.0
9.6
244.0
4.7
143.0
7.2
194.0
9.7
246.0
23
4.600
5.450
6.250
34
8.350
9.350
10.350
4.8
145.0
7.3
196.0
9.8
248.0
24
4.900
5.750
6.600
35
8.650
9.650
10.650
4.9
148.0
7.4
198.0
9.9
251.0
25
5.200
6.100
6.900
36
8.900
9.900
10.900
5.0
150.0
7.5
200.0
10.0
253.0
26
5.550
6.500
7.400
37
9.150
10.150
11.150
5.1
152.0
7.6
202.0
10.1
256.0
27
5.900
6.900
7.850
38
9.400
10.400
11.400
5.2
154.0
7.7
204.0
10.2
259.0
28
6.250
7.300
8.300
39
9.650
10.650
11.650
5.3
156.0
7.8
206.0
10.3
262.0
29
6.650
7.650
8.700
40
9.850
10.850
11.800
30
7.000
8.000
9.050
5.4
159.0
7.9
208.0
10.4
265.0
5.5
161.0
8.0
210.0
10.5
268.0
5.6
163.0
8.1
212.0
10.6
271.0
5.7
165.0
8.2
214.0
10.7
274.0
10.8
278.0
5.8
167.0
8.3
216.0
5.9
169.0
8.4
218.0
6.0
171.0
8.5
220.0
Reference Manual 106
Middle Abdominal Diameter (MAD) : KURMANAVICIUS
Umbilical Artery_Pulsatility Index (UA_PI) : JSUM
Fetal Growth Table
Fetal Growth Table
Standard-Tabellen und Kurven für Ultraschall-/Dopplersonografie, Dept. Frauenheilkunde
Klinik und Poliklinik für Geburtshilfe; Copyright (1997) J. Kurmanavicius et al Prof. Dr. A. Huch
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
20
1.120
1.390
1.690
31
0.770
0.990
1.290
21
1.080
1.340
1.640
32
0.750
0.970
1.260
12
1.450
1.810
2.180
28
6.640
7.400
8.160
22
1.030
1.290
1.600
33
0.730
0.950
1.240
13
1.790
2.190
2.580
29
6.930
7.720
8.500
23
1.000
1.250
1.550
34
0.720
0.930
1.220
14
2.140
2.550
2.970
30
7.220
8.030
8.840
24
0.960
1.210
1.510
35
0.700
0.920
1.200
15
2.480
2.920
3.360
31
7.500
8.340
9.170
25
0.930
1.170
1.480
36
0.690
0.910
1.180
16
2.820
3.290
3.750
32
7.780
8.640
9.500
26
0.890
1.130
1.440
37
0.690
0.900
1.170
17
3.160
3.650
4.140
33
8.050
8.940
9.820
27
0.860
1.100
1.400
38
0.680
0.890
1.160
18
3.490
4.010
4.520
34
8.320
9.230
10.140
28
0.840
1.070
1.370
39
0.680
0.890
1.140
19
3.820
4.360
4.900
35
8.580
9.510
10.450
29
0.810
1.040
1.340
40
0.680
0.890
1.140
20
4.150
4.710
5.280
36
8.840
9.790
10.750
30
0.790
1.010
1.310
41
0.680
0.890
1.130
21
4.470
5.060
5.650
37
9.090
10.070
11.050
22
4.800
5.410
6.020
38
9.330
10.340
11.340
23
5.110
5.750
6.390
39
9.570
10.600
11.630
24
5.430
6.090
6.750
40
9.800
10.850
11.910
25
5.740
6.420
7.110
41
10.020
11.100
12.180
26
6.040
6.750
7.470
42
10.240
11.340
12.450
27
6.340
7.080
7.820
Umbilical Artery_Resistance Index (UA_RI) : JSUM
Fetal Growth Table
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
20
0.700
0.780
0.850
31
0.540
0.650
0.750
21
0.680
0.760
0.840
32
0.520
0.640
0.740
22
0.660
0.750
0.830
33
0.510
0.630
0.730
23
0.650
0.740
0.820
34
0.500
0.630
0.720
Reference Manual 107
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
24
0.630
0.720
0.810
35
0.490
0.620
0.720
25
0.620
0.710
0.800
36
0.490
0.610
0.710
26
0.600
0.700
0.790
37
0.480
0.610
0.700
27
0.590
0.690
0.780
38
0.470
0.600
0.690
Fetal Growth Table
28
0.570
0.680
0.770
39
0.460
0.600
0.690
29
0.560
0.670
0.760
40
0.460
0.600
0.680
30
0.550
0.660
0.750
41
0.450
0.590
0.680
Créquat,J., Duyme,M., Brodaty,G.,“Biometry 2000. Fetal growth charts by the French College
of fetal ultrasonography and the Inserm U 155“, Gynécol Obstet Fértil, Vol. 28 No. 2, 2000,
pages 435-445
Transverse Abdominal Diameter (TAD) : CFEF
Meas (mm)
Mean (day)
Meas (mm)
Mean (day)
45.21
140.0
79.25
217.0
48.34
147.0
82.1
224.0
Meas (mm)
Mean (day)
Meas
(week)
Lower
(mm)
Mean
(mm)
Upper
(mm)
Meas
(week)
Lower
(mm)
Mean
(mm)
Upper
(mm)
11
9.680
13.500
17.250
27
57.720
67.110
76.420
12
12.680
17.000
21.460
28
60.430
70.270
79.870
GA Table
13
15.600
20.560
25.510
29
63.130
73.270
83.330
“Créquat,J., Duyme,M., Brodaty,G.,“Biometry 2000. Fetal growth charts by the French College
of fetal ultrasonography and the Inserm U 155“, Gynécol Obstét Fertil, Vol. 28 No. 2, 2000,
pages 435-445“
14
18.690
24.000
29.560
30
65.800
76.170
86.750
15
21.760
27.690
33.610
31
68.350
79.250
90.130
16
25.000
31.210
37.480
32
70.900
82.100
93.360
Meas (mm)
Mean (day)
Meas (mm)
Mean (day)
Meas (mm)
Mean (day)
17
28.230
34.700
41.390
33
73.080
84.780
96.640
13.5
77.0
51.57
154.0
84.78
231.0
18
31.540
38.310
45.140
34
75.250
87.550
99.860
17.0
84.0
54.72
161.0
87.55
238.0
19
34.780
41.690
48.590
35
77.000
90.000
103.000
20.56
91.0
57.88
168.0
90.0
245.0
20
38.160
45.210
52.200
36
78.480
92.360
106.310
24.0
98.0
61.0
175.0
92.36
252.0
21
41.140
48.340
55.630
37
79.790
94.810
109.670
44.210
51.570
59.080
38
80.920
97.000
113.290
27.69
105.0
64.0
182.0
94.81
259.0
22
31.21
112.0
67.11
189.0
97.0
266.0
23
47.000
54.720
62.460
39
81.850
99.330
117.000
34.7
119.0
70.27
196.0
99.33
273.0
24
49.770
57.880
66.000
40
82.580
101.640
120.700
52.540
61.000
69.440
41
82.800
103.000
123.000
55.170
64.000
72.890
38.31
126.0
73.27
203.0
101.64
280.0
25
41.69
133.0
76.17
210.0
103.0
287.0
26
Reference Manual 108
Transverse Abdominal Diameter (TAD) : MERZ
Thoracic Circumference (THC) : CHITIKARA
GA Table
Fetal Growth Table
Chitkara U, Rosenberg J, Chervenak FA, Berkowitz GS, Levine R, Fagerstrom RM, Walker B,
Berkowitz RL. Prenatal sonographic assessment of the fetal thorax: Normal values. Am J
Obstet Gynecol 1987; 156: 1069-1074
Meas (cm)
Mean (day)
Meas (cm)
Mean (day)
Meas (cm)
Mean (day)
2.0
87.5
5.5
157.5
8.7
227.5
2.2
91.0
5.6
161.0
8.8
231.0
2.4
94.5
5.8
164.5
9.0
234.5
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
2.5
98.0
6.0
168.0
9.1
238.0
16
6.400
9.100
11.900
29
18.200
21.000
23.700
2.7
101.5
6.1
171.5
9.3
241.5
17
7.300
10.000
12.800
30
19.100
21.900
24.600
2.9
105.0
6.3
175.0
9.4
245.0
18
8.200
11.000
13.700
31
20.000
22.800
25.500
3.1
108.5
6.5
178.5
9.6
248.5
19
9.100
11.900
14.600
32
20.900
23.700
26.400
3.2
112.0
6.6
182.0
9.7
252.0
20
10.000
12.800
15.500
33
21.800
24.600
27.300
11.000
13.700
16.400
34
22.800
25.500
28.200
3.4
115.5
6.8
185.5
9.8
255.5
21
3.6
119.0
7.0
189.0
10.0
259.0
22
11.900
14.600
17.300
35
23.700
26.400
29.100
12.800
15.500
18.200
36
24.600
27.300
30.000
3.8
122.5
7.1
192.5
10.1
262.5
23
3.9
126.0
7.3
196.0
10.2
266.0
24
13.700
16.400
19.100
37
25.500
28.200
30.900
25
14.600
17.300
20.000
38
26.400
29.100
31.900
26
15.500
18.200
21.000
39
27.300
30.000
32.800
27
16.400
19.100
21.900
40
28.200
30.900
33.700
28
17.300
20.000
22.800
4.1
129.5
7.5
199.5
10.4
269.5
4.3
133.0
7.6
203.0
10.5
273.0
4.4
136.5
7.8
206.5
10.6
276.5
4.6
140.0
7.9
210.0
10.7
280.0
4.8
143.5
8.1
213.5
10.8
283.5
5.0
147.0
8.2
217.0
10.9
287.0
11.0
290.5
5.1
150.5
8.4
220.5
5.3
154.0
8.5
224.0
Reference Manual 109
Lateral Ventricular Width (LV) : TOKYO
Meas
(mm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
SD
(day)
Meas
(mm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
SD
(day)
GA Table
64.0
197.0
207.0
217.0
10.0
86.0
275.0
285.0
295.0
10.0
Tokyo University Method 1986, 6 by University Tokyo
65.0
200.0
210.0
220.0
10.0
Meas
(mm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
SD
(day)
Meas
(mm)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
SD
(day)
44.0
149.0
154.0
159.0
5.0
66.0
203.0
213.0
223.0
10.0
45.0
152.0
157.0
162.0
5.0
67.0
207.0
217.0
227.0
10.0
46.0
154.0
159.0
164.0
5.0
68.0
210.0
220.0
230.0
10.0
47.0
156.0
161.0
166.0
5.0
69.0
214.0
224.0
234.0
10.0
48.0
158.0
163.0
168.0
5.0
70.0
216.0
227.0
238.0
11.0
49.0
160.0
166.0
172.0
6.0
71.0
220.0
231.0
242.0
11.0
Fetal Growth Table
Norio Shinozuka, Takashi Okai, Masahiko Mizuno Issued by Shindan & Tiryo Sya
Tokyo University, School of Medicine, OB/GYN dept.
“How to interpret OB/GYN ultrasound measurement data“; 80. Fetal Measurement Obstetrics
& Gynecology Chapter 56 Separate volume; 1989, Oct. 27th Publication
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
50.0
162.0
168.0
174.0
6.0
72.0
223.0
234.0
245.0
11.0
154
4.100
4.390
4.800
221
5.970
6.840
7.840
51.0
165.0
171.0
177.0
6.0
73.0
227.0
238.0
249.0
11.0
155
4.130
4.440
4.860
222
5.990
6.870
7.870
52.0
167.0
173.0
179.0
6.0
74.0
230.0
241.0
252.0
11.0
156
4.160
4.490
4.910
223
6.020
6.900
7.900
53.0
169.0
176.0
183.0
7.0
75.0
234.0
245.0
256.0
11.0
157
4.190
4.530
4.970
224
6.050
6.930
7.940
54.0
171.0
178.0
185.0
7.0
76.0
238.0
249.0
260.0
11.0
158
4.210
4.580
5.030
225
6.070
6.960
7.970
55.0
174.0
181.0
188.0
7.0
77.0
241.0
252.0
263.0
11.0
159
4.240
4.620
5.080
226
6.100
6.990
8.000
160
4.270
4.670
5.140
227
6.130
7.010
8.030
56.0
175.0
183.0
191.0
8.0
78.0
245.0
256.0
267.0
11.0
57.0
178.0
186.0
194.0
8.0
79.0
250.0
260.0
270.0
10.0
161
4.300
4.710
5.190
228
6.160
7.040
8.070
4.330
4.760
5.240
229
6.180
7.070
8.100
4.360
4.800
5.300
230
6.210
7.100
8.130
58.0
181.0
189.0
197.0
8.0
80.0
254.0
264.0
274.0
10.0
162
59.0
184.0
192.0
200.0
8.0
81.0
257.0
267.0
277.0
10.0
163
60.0
186.0
195.0
204.0
9.0
82.0
261.0
271.0
281.0
10.0
61.0
189.0
198.0
207.0
9.0
83.0
265.0
275.0
285.0
10.0
62.0
192.0
201.0
210.0
9.0
84.0
268.0
278.0
288.0
10.0
63.0
195.0
204.0
213.0
9.0
85.0
272.0
282.0
292.0
10.0
164
4.380
4.840
5.350
231
6.240
7.130
8.160
165
4.410
4.890
5.410
232
6.260
7.150
8.190
166
4.440
4.930
5.460
233
6.290
7.180
8.220
167
4.470
4.970
5.510
234
6.320
7.210
8.250
Reference Manual 110
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
168
4.500
5.010
5.560
235
6.340
7.240
8.280
192
5.170
5.930
6.710
259
6.980
7.890
8.870
169
4.530
5.060
5.610
236
6.370
7.270
8.310
193
5.200
5.960
6.760
260
7.010
7.920
8.900
170
4.550
5.100
5.670
237
6.400
7.290
8.340
194
5.230
5.990
6.800
261
7.030
7.940
8.920
171
4.580
5.140
5.720
238
6.420
7.320
8.360
195
5.250
6.030
6.840
262
7.060
7.970
8.940
172
4.610
5.180
5.770
239
6.450
7.350
8.390
196
5.280
6.060
6.890
263
7.090
8.000
8.960
173
4.640
5.220
5.820
240
6.480
7.380
8.420
197
5.310
6.100
6.930
264
7.110
8.020
8.970
174
4.670
5.260
5.870
241
6.500
7.400
8.450
198
5.340
6.130
6.970
265
7.140
8.050
8.990
175
4.700
5.300
5.920
242
6.530
7.430
8.470
199
5.360
6.160
7.010
266
7.170
8.080
9.010
176
4.720
5.340
5.970
243
6.560
7.460
8.500
200
5.390
6.200
7.050
267
7.190
8.110
9.030
177
4.750
5.380
6.020
244
6.580
7.480
8.520
201
5.420
6.230
7.090
268
7.220
8.130
9.050
178
4.780
5.410
6.070
245
6.610
7.510
8.550
202
5.450
6.260
7.130
269
7.240
8.160
9.070
179
4.810
5.450
6.110
246
6.640
7.540
8.580
203
5.470
6.290
7.170
270
7.270
8.190
9.080
180
4.840
5.490
6.160
247
6.660
7.570
8.600
204
5.500
6.320
7.210
271
7.300
8.220
9.100
181
4.860
5.530
6.210
248
6.690
7.590
8.630
205
5.530
6.360
7.250
272
7.320
8.240
9.120
182
4.890
5.570
6.260
249
6.720
7.620
8.650
206
5.560
6.390
7.290
273
7.350
8.270
9.130
183
4.920
5.600
6.300
250
6.740
7.650
8.670
207
5.580
6.420
7.330
274
7.380
8.300
9.150
184
4.950
5.640
6.350
251
6.770
7.670
8.700
208
5.610
6.450
7.370
275
7.400
8.330
9.160
185
4.980
5.680
6.400
252
6.800
7.700
8.720
209
5.640
6.480
7.410
276
7.430
8.360
9.180
186
5.000
5.710
6.440
253
6.820
7.730
8.740
210
5.670
6.510
7.450
277
7.450
8.380
9.190
187
5.030
5.750
6.490
254
6.850
7.750
8.770
211
5.690
6.540
7.480
278
7.480
8.410
9.210
188
5.060
5.790
6.530
255
6.880
7.780
8.790
212
5.720
6.570
7.520
279
7.510
8.440
9.220
189
5.090
5.820
6.580
256
6.900
7.810
8.810
213
5.750
6.600
7.560
280
7.530
8.470
9.240
190
5.110
5.860
6.620
257
6.930
7.840
8.830
214
5.780
6.630
7.590
281
7.560
8.500
9.250
191
5.140
5.890
6.670
258
6.960
7.860
8.850
215
5.800
6.660
7.630
282
7.580
8.520
9.260
Reference Manual 111
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(day)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
216
5.830
6.690
7.660
283
7.610
8.550
9.270
25
0.430
0.620
0.850
38
0.550
0.760
1.010
26
0.440
0.640
0.870
39
0.550
0.760
1.010
217
5.860
6.720
7.700
284
7.630
8.580
9.290
218
5.880
6.750
7.740
285
7.660
8.610
9.300
219
5.910
6.780
7.770
286
7.690
8.640
9.310
220
5.940
6.810
7.800
287
7.710
8.670
9.320
Amniotic Fluid Index (AFI) : MOORE
Fetal Growth Table
Cisterna Magna Diameter (CM) : NICOLAIDES
Moore, Th. R., Cayle, J. E., “The amniotic fluid index in normal human pregnancy“, Am J Obstet
Gynecol Vol. 162 No. 5, 1990, pages 1168-1173
Fetal Growth Table
R. J. M. Snijders and K. H. Nicolaides; “Fetal biometry at 14-40 weeks’ gestation“ Ultrasound
Obstet. Gynecol. 4 (1994) 34-48
Meas
(week)
Lower
(mm)
Mean
(mm)
Upper
(mm)
Meas
(week)
Lower
(mm)
Mean
(mm)
Upper
(mm)
16
79.000
121.000
185.000
30
90.000
145.000
234.000
83.000
127.000
194.000
31
88.000
144.000
238.000
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
17
18
87.000
133.000
202.000
32
86.000
144.000
242.000
14
0.190
0.350
0.530
27
0.460
0.660
0.890
19
90.000
137.000
207.000
33
83.000
143.000
245.000
15
0.210
0.380
0.570
28
0.470
0.680
0.910
20
93.000
141.000
212.000
34
81.000
142.000
248.000
16
0.240
0.410
0.600
29
0.490
0.690
0.930
21
95.000
143.000
214.000
35
79.000
140.000
249.000
17
0.260
0.430
0.630
30
0.500
0.700
0.940
22
97.000
145.000
216.000
36
77.000
138.000
249.000
18
0.280
0.460
0.660
31
0.510
0.720
0.960
23
98.000
146.000
218.000
37
75.000
135.000
244.000
19
0.310
0.490
0.690
32
0.520
0.730
0.970
24
98.000
147.000
219.000
38
73.000
132.000
239.000
20
0.330
0.510
0.720
33
0.530
0.740
0.980
25
97.000
147.000
221.000
39
72.000
127.000
226.000
21
0.350
0.540
0.750
34
0.530
0.750
0.990
26
97.000
147.000
223.000
40
71.000
123.000
214.000
22
0.370
0.560
0.770
35
0.540
0.750
1.000
27
95.000
146.000
226.000
41
70.000
116.000
194.000
23
0.390
0.580
0.800
36
0.540
0.760
1.000
28
94.000
146.000
228.000
42
69.000
110.000
175.000
24
0.410
0.600
0.820
37
0.540
0.760
1.010
29
92.000
145.000
231.000
Reference Manual 112
Estimated Fetal Weight Formula
Nasal Bone Length (NB) : SONEK
Fetal Growth Table
Method using (AC)
Sonek,J.D., McKenna,D., Webb,D., Croom,C., Nicolaides,K.,“ Nasal bone length throughout
gestation: normal ranges based on 3537 fetal ultrasound measurements“, Ultrasound Obstet
Gynecol., Vol. 21 No. 2, 2003, pages 152-155.
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
Meas
(week)
Lower
(cm)
Mean
(cm)
Upper
(cm)
11
1.400
2.300
3.300
26
7.400
8.900
10.900
12
1.800
2.800
4.200
27
7.500
9.200
11.300
13
2.300
3.100
4.600
28
7.600
9.800
12.100
14
2.500
3.800
5.300
29
7.700
9.800
11.800
15
3.000
4.300
5.700
30
7.900
10.000
12.600
16
3.400
4.700
6.200
31
8.200
10.400
12.600
17
4.000
5.300
6.600
32
8.600
10.500
13.600
18
4.300
5.700
7.000
33
8.700
10.800
12.800
19
5.000
6.300
7.900
34
9.100
10.900
12.800
20
5.200
6.700
8.300
35
8.500
11.000
14.100
21
5.600
7.100
9.000
36
7.800
10.800
12.800
22
5.800
7.500
9.300
37
8.700
11.400
14.500
23
6.400
7.900
9.600
38
9.300
11.700
15.700
24
6.800
8.300
10.000
39
9.200
10.900
14.000
25
6.500
8.500
10.700
40
10.400
12.100
14.500
Campbell
[Reference]
Campbell S., Wilkin D.
"Ultrasonic measurement of fetal abdomen circumference in the estimation of fetal weight.”
British Journal Obstetrics and Gynecology; Sept. 1975; 82(9); 689-97
Method using (AC, BPD)
Hadlock
[Reference]
Hadlock FP, et al, “Sonographic Estimation of Fetal Weight”
Radiology 1984:150:535-540
Method using (AC, FL)
Hadlock1
[Reference]
Hadlock FP, et al, “Estimation of fetal weight with the use of head, body and femur
measurements: A prospective study” Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol. 1985; 151: 333-337
Method using (BPD, AC, FL)
Hadlock2
[Reference]
Hadlock FP, et al, “Estimation of fetal weight with the use of head, body and femur
measurements: A prospective study” Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol. 1985; 151: 333-337
Reference Manual 113
Method using (HC, AC, FL)
Method using (BPD, MAD, FL)
Hadlock3
Persson
[Reference]
[Reference]
Hadlock FP, et al, “Estimation of fetal weight with the use of head, body and femur
Perinatal care Vol. 9 No. 5, 44(414)
measurements: A prospective study” Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol. 1985; 151: 333-337
Method using (HC, AC, FL)
Method using (BPD, HC, AC, FL)
Schild
Hadlock4
[Reference]
[Reference]
A new formula for calculating weight in the fetus of <=1600 g;
Hadlock FP, et al, “Estimation of fetal weight with the use of head, body and femur
R. L. SCHILD, K. FELL, R. FIMMERS, U. GEMBRUCH and M. HANSMANN
measurements: A prospective study” Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol. 1985; 151: 333-337
Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol (in press)
Published online in Wiley InterScience (www.interscience.wiley.com). DOI: 10.1002/uog.1741
Method using (BPD, TTD)
Hansmann
Method using (AC, BPD)
[Reference]
Shepard
Hansmann, Hackeloer, Staudach, Wittmann, "Ultrasound Diagnosis in Obstetrics and
Gynecology," Springer-Verlag, New York, 1986, page 154
[Reference]
Method using (AC, BPD)
Merz
Shepard MJ, et al, “An Evaluation of Two Equations for Predicting Fetal Weight by Ultrasound”,
American Journal of OB & Gyn, January 1982; 142(1):47-54 ( AC, BPD )
Method using (BPD, APTD, TTD, FL)
[Reference]
Shinozuka1
E. Merz, "Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology" Vol.1: Obstetrics, Second edition,2005
Georg Thieme Verlag, 603-608
[Reference]
Method using (BPD, FTA, FL)
Osaka
[Reference]
Perinatal care Vol. 9 No. 5, 44(414)
Shinozuka N., Okai T., Kohzuma S., Mukubo M., Shih C.T., Maeda T., et al
“Formulas for Fetal Weight Estimation by Ultrasound Measurements based on Neonatal
Specific Gravities and Volumes”
American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 157: 1140-1145; 1987
Reference Manual 114
Method using (BPD, FL, AC)
Estimated Fetal Weight Growth Reference
Shinozuka2
[Reference]
Estimate Fetal Weight (EFW) : HADLOCK
N.Shinozuka et al. Formulas for Fetal Weight Estimation by Ultrasound Measurements based
on Neonatal Specific Gravities and Volumes, Am J Obstet Gynecol 1987;157:1140-5
GA Table
Hadlock F.P., Harrist R.B., Martinez-Poyer J.
Method using (BPD, APTD, TTD, LV)
Shinozuka3
[Reference]
Shinozuka N., Okai T., Kohzuma S., Mukubo M., Shih C.T., Maeda T., et al
“Formulas for Fetal Weight Estimation by Ultrasound Measurements based on
NeonatalSpecific Gravities and Volumes”
American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 157: 1140-1145; 1987
Method using (BPD, APTD, TTD, FL)
Tokyo
[Reference]
Shinozuka N., Okai T., Kohzuma S., Mukubo M., Shih C.T., Maeda T., et al
“In Utero Analysis of Fetal Growth: A Sonographic Weight Standard“ Radiology.1991, 181:
129-133
Meas (gram) Mean (week)
35.0
10.0
Meas (gram) Mean (week)
399.0
21.0
Meas (gram) Mean (week)
1953.0
32.0
45.0
11.0
478.0
22.0
2162.0
33.0
58.0
12.0
568.0
23.0
2377.0
34.0
73.0
13.0
670.0
24.0
2595.0
35.0
93.0
14.0
785.0
25.0
2813.0
36.0
117.0
15.0
913.0
26.0
3028.0
37.0
146.0
16.0
1055.0
27.0
3236.0
38.0
181.0
17.0
1210.0
28.0
3435.0
39.0
3619.0
40.0
“Formulas for Fetal Weight Estimation by Ultrasound Measurements based on Neonatal
Specific Gravities and Volumes”
223.0
18.0
1379.0
29.0
273.0
19.0
1559.0
30.0
American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 157: 1140-1145; 1987
331.0
20.0
1751.0
31.0
Reference Manual 115
Estimate Fetal Weight (EFW) : JSUM
Meas (gram)
GA Table
Mean (day)
Meas (gram)
Mean (day)
Meas (gram)
Mean (day)
176.0
119.0
857.0
176.0
2129.0
233.0
182.0
120.0
875.0
177.0
2154.0
234.0
188.0
121.0
893.0
178.0
2179.0
235.0
Meas (gram)
Mean (day)
Meas (gram)
Mean (day)
Meas (gram)
Mean (day)
187.0
18.0
892.0
26.0
2156.0
34.0
195.0
122.0
912.0
179.0
2204.0
236.0
123.0
930.0
180.0
2229.0
237.0
247.0
19.0
1023.0
27.0
2333.0
35.0
202.0
313.0
20.0
1163.0
28.0
2507.0
36.0
209.0
124.0
949.0
181.0
2254.0
238.0
387.0
21.0
1313.0
29.0
2676.0
37.0
216.0
125.0
968.0
182.0
2279.0
239.0
469.0
22.0
1470.0
30.0
2838.0
38.0
223.0
126.0
987.0
183.0
2304.0
240.0
127.0
1007.0
184.0
2329.0
241.0
128.0
1026.0
185.0
2354.0
242.0
560.0
23.0
1635.0
31.0
2989.0
39.0
231.0
660.0
24.0
1805.0
32.0
3125.0
40.0
238.0
771.0
25.0
1980.0
33.0
3244.0
41.0
Estimate Fetal Weight (EFW) : OSAKA
GA Table
246.0
129.0
1046.0
186.0
2379.0
243.0
254.0
130.0
1066.0
187.0
2403.0
244.0
263.0
131.0
1086.0
188.0
2428.0
245.0
271.0
132.0
1106.0
189.0
2453.0
246.0
280.0
133.0
1127.0
190.0
2478.0
247.0
289.0
134.0
1147.0
191.0
2502.0
248.0
298.0
135.0
1168.0
192.0
2527.0
249.0
Meas (gram)
Mean (day)
Meas (gram)
Mean (day)
Meas (gram)
Mean (day)
137.0
112.0
736.0
169.0
1955.0
226.0
308.0
136.0
1189.0
193.0
2551.0
250.0
142.0
113.0
753.0
170.0
1980.0
227.0
317.0
137.0
1210.0
194.0
2576.0
251.0
147.0
114.0
770.0
171.0
2005.0
228.0
327.0
138.0
1232.0
195.0
2600.0
252.0
153.0
115.0
787.0
172.0
2029.0
229.0
337.0
139.0
1253.0
196.0
2624.0
253.0
158.0
116.0
804.0
173.0
2054.0
230.0
347.0
140.0
1275.0
197.0
2648.0
254.0
164.0
117.0
822.0
174.0
2079.0
231.0
358.0
141.0
1296.0
198.0
2672.0
255.0
170.0
118.0
839.0
175.0
2104.0
232.0
368.0
142.0
1318.0
199.0
2696.0
256.0
Reference Manual 116
Meas (gram)
Mean (day)
Meas (gram)
Mean (day)
Meas (gram)
Mean (day)
Meas (gram)
Mean (day)
Meas (gram)
Mean (day)
379.0
143.0
1340.0
200.0
2720.0
257.0
704.0
167.0
1906.0
224.0
390.0
144.0
1363.0
201.0
2744.0
258.0
720.0
168.0
1930.0
225.0
401.0
145.0
1385.0
202.0
2767.0
259.0
413.0
146.0
1407.0
203.0
2791.0
260.0
425.0
147.0
1430.0
204.0
2814.0
261.0
436.0
148.0
1453.0
205.0
2837.0
262.0
449.0
149.0
1476.0
206.0
2860.0
263.0
Meas (gram)
Mean (day)
Fetal Growth Table
Perinatal care Vol. 9 No. 5
Meas
(day)
Lower
(gram)
Mean
(gram)
Upper
(gram)
Meas
(day)
Lower
(gram)
Mean
(gram)
Upper
(gram)
461.0
150.0
1499.0
207.0
2883.0
264.0
474.0
151.0
1522.0
208.0
2906.0
265.0
486.0
152.0
1545.0
209.0
2928.0
266.0
114
104.000
147.000
191.000
199
1075.000
1318.000
1561.000
499.0
153.0
1568.0
210.0
2950.0
267.0
115
110.000
153.000
197.000
200
1094.000
1340.000
1586.000
513.0
154.0
1592.0
211.0
2973.0
268.0
116
113.000
158.000
203.000
201
1113.000
1363.000
1614.000
526.0
155.0
1615.0
212.0
2995.0
269.0
117
119.000
164.000
209.000
202
1132.000
1385.000
1639.000
540.0
156.0
1639.0
213.0
3016.0
270.0
118
125.000
170.000
215.000
203
1151.000
1407.000
1664.000
553.0
157.0
1663.0
214.0
3038.0
271.0
119
130.000
176.000
223.000
204
1169.000
1430.000
1691.000
568.0
158.0
1687.0
215.0
3059.0
272.0
120
136.000
182.000
229.000
205
1189.000
1453.000
1717.000
582.0
159.0
1711.0
216.0
3080.0
273.0
121
140.000
188.000
236.000
206
1209.000
1476.000
1743.000
122
146.000
195.000
245.000
207
1228.000
1499.000
1771.000
112
94.000
137.000
181.000
197
1038.000
1275.000
1512.000
113
99.000
142.000
186.000
198
1056.000
1296.000
1536.000
596.0
160.0
1735.0
217.0
3101.0
274.0
611.0
161.0
1759.0
218.0
3121.0
275.0
123
153.000
202.000
252.000
208
1248.000
1522.000
1797.000
158.000
209.000
260.000
209
1268.000
1545.000
1823.000
164.000
216.000
269.000
210
1286.000
1568.000
1850.000
626.0
162.0
1783.0
219.0
3142.0
276.0
124
641.0
163.0
1808.0
220.0
3162.0
277.0
125
656.0
164.0
1832.0
221.0
3182.0
278.0
126
171.000
223.000
276.000
211
1307.000
1592.000
1877.000
127
177.000
231.000
285.000
212
1327.000
1615.000
1903.000
128
183.000
238.000
294.000
213
1347.000
1639.000
1932.000
672.0
165.0
1857.0
222.0
3201.0
279.0
688.0
166.0
1881.0
223.0
3220.0
280.0
Reference Manual 117
Meas
(day)
Lower
(gram)
Mean
(gram)
Upper
(gram)
Meas
(day)
Lower
(gram)
Mean
(gram)
Upper
(gram)
Meas
(day)
Lower
(gram)
Mean
(gram)
Upper
(gram)
Meas
(day)
Lower
(gram)
Mean
(gram)
Upper
(gram)
129
189.000
246.000
303.000
214
1368.000
1663.000
1959.000
154
407.000
513.000
620.000
239
1889.000
2279.000
2669.000
130
196.000
254.000
313.000
215
1387.000
1687.000
1987.000
155
417.000
526.000
636.000
240
1910.000
2304.000
2699.000
131
203.000
263.000
323.000
216
1408.000
1711.000
2014.000
156
429.000
540.000
651.000
241
1932.000
2329.000
2727.000
132
210.000
271.000
333.000
217
1429.000
1735.000
2041.000
157
439.000
553.000
667.000
242
1952.000
2354.000
2756.000
133
217.000
280.000
343.000
218
1449.000
1759.000
2070.000
158
451.000
568.000
685.000
243
1973.000
2379.000
2786.000
134
225.000
289.000
354.000
219
1470.000
1783.000
2097.000
159
462.000
582.000
702.000
244
1992.000
2403.000
2814.000
135
232.000
298.000
364.000
220
1490.000
1808.000
2126.000
160
475.000
596.000
718.000
245
2014.000
2428.000
2842.000
136
241.000
308.000
376.000
221
1511.000
1832.000
2153.000
161
487.000
611.000
736.000
246
2035.000
2453.000
2872.000
137
248.000
317.000
386.000
222
1532.000
1857.000
2183.000
162
499.000
626.000
754.000
247
2055.000
2478.000
2901.000
138
255.000
327.000
399.000
223
1553.000
1881.000
2210.000
163
511.000
641.000
772.000
248
2075.000
2502.000
2930.000
139
264.000
337.000
411.000
224
1573.000
1906.000
2239.000
164
523.000
656.000
790.000
249
2095.000
2527.000
2959.000
140
272.000
347.000
422.000
225
1594.000
1930.000
2266.000
165
536.000
672.000
809.000
250
2116.000
2551.000
2986.000
141
282.000
358.000
435.000
226
1615.000
1955.000
2296.000
166
550.000
688.000
826.000
251
2137.000
2576.000
3016.000
142
289.000
368.000
448.000
227
1637.000
1980.000
2324.000
167
563.000
704.000
845.000
252
2156.000
2600.000
3044.000
143
298.000
379.000
460.000
228
1657.000
2005.000
2353.000
168
576.000
720.000
864.000
253
2176.000
2624.000
3073.000
144
306.000
390.000
474.000
229
1678.000
2029.000
2380.000
169
589.000
736.000
883.000
254
2195.000
2648.000
3101.000
145
316.000
401.000
487.000
230
1699.000
2054.000
2410.000
170
603.000
753.000
903.000
255
2215.000
2672.000
3130.000
146
326.000
413.000
500.000
231
1721.000
2079.000
2438.000
171
617.000
770.000
923.000
256
2234.000
2696.000
3158.000
147
335.000
425.000
515.000
232
1741.000
2104.000
2467.000
172
631.000
787.000
943.000
257
2254.000
2720.000
3187.000
148
345.000
436.000
528.000
233
1763.000
2129.000
2495.000
173
645.000
804.000
963.000
258
2273.000
2744.000
3215.000
149
355.000
449.000
544.000
234
1784.000
2154.000
2525.000
174
660.000
822.000
984.000
259
2292.000
2767.000
3243.000
150
364.000
461.000
559.000
235
1804.000
2179.000
2554.000
175
674.000
839.000
1004.000
260
2311.000
2791.000
3271.000
151
375.000
474.000
573.000
236
1826.000
2204.000
2582.000
176
689.000
857.000
1025.000
261
2330.000
2814.000
3299.000
177
704.000
875.000
1046.000
262
2348.000
2837.000
3326.000
152
384.000
486.000
588.000
237
1847.000
2229.000
2612.000
153
396.000
499.000
603.000
238
1869.000
2254.000
2640.000
Reference Manual 118
Estimate Fetal Weight (EFW) : SHINOZUKA
Meas
(day)
Lower
(gram)
Mean
(gram)
Upper
(gram)
Meas
(day)
Lower
(gram)
Mean
(gram)
Upper
(gram)
178
719.000
893.000
1067.000
263
2367.000
2860.000
3354.000
179
735.000
912.000
1089.000
264
2385.000
2883.000
3381.000
180
750.000
930.000
1110.000
265
2404.000
2906.000
3409.000
Meas
(gram)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
SD
(day)
Meas
(gram)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
SD
(day)
GA Table
181
765.000
949.000
1134.000
266
2420.000
2928.000
3437.000
250.0
129.0
136.0
143.0
7.0
1650.0
209.0
219.0
229.0
10.0
182
781.000
968.000
1156.000
267
2437.000
2950.000
3463.000
300.0
133.0
140.0
147.0
7.0
1700.0
210.0
221.0
232.0
11.0
183
797.000
987.000
1178.000
268
2456.000
2973.000
3491.000
350.0
137.0
144.0
151.0
7.0
1750.0
212.0
223.0
234.0
11.0
184
814.000
1007.000
1201.000
269
2473.000
2995.000
3517.000
400.0
142.0
149.0
156.0
7.0
1800.0
214.0
225.0
236.0
11.0
185
830.000
1026.000
1223.000
270
2488.000
3016.000
3544.000
450.0
145.0
152.0
159.0
7.0
1850.0
216.0
227.0
238.0
11.0
186
847.000
1046.000
1246.000
271
2506.000
3038.000
3571.000
500.0
149.0
156.0
163.0
7.0
1900.0
217.0
229.0
241.0
12.0
187
864.000
1066.000
1269.000
272
2522.000
3059.000
3596.000
550.0
153.0
160.0
167.0
7.0
1950.0
219.0
231.0
243.0
12.0
188
879.000
1086.000
1293.000
273
2537.000
3080.000
3623.000
189
896.000
1106.000
1316.000
274
2554.000
3101.000
3649.000
600.0
156.0
163.0
170.0
7.0
2000.0
220.0
232.0
244.0
12.0
190
914.000
1127.000
1340.000
275
2568.000
3121.000
3675.000
650.0
160.0
167.0
174.0
7.0
2050.0
222.0
234.0
246.0
12.0
191
931.000
1147.000
1363.000
276
2584.000
3142.000
3700.000
700.0
163.0
170.0
177.0
7.0
2100.0
223.0
236.0
249.0
13.0
192
949.000
1168.000
1387.000
277
2598.000
3162.000
3726.000
750.0
166.0
173.0
180.0
7.0
2150.0
225.0
238.0
251.0
13.0
193
966.000
1189.000
1413.000
278
2614.000
3182.000
3751.000
800.0
169.0
177.0
185.0
8.0
2200.0
227.0
240.0
253.0
13.0
194
984.000
1210.000
1437.000
279
2627.000
3201.000
3776.000
850.0
172.0
180.0
188.0
8.0
2250.0
229.0
242.0
255.0
13.0
195
1003.000
1232.000
1462.000
280
2640.000
3220.000
3801.000
900.0
175.0
183.0
191.0
8.0
2300.0
230.0
244.0
258.0
14.0
196
1021.000
1253.000
1486.000
950.0
178.0
186.0
194.0
8.0
2350.0
232.0
246.0
260.0
14.0
1000.0
180.0
188.0
196.0
8.0
2400.0
234.0
248.0
262.0
14.0
1050.0
183.0
191.0
199.0
8.0
2450.0
236.0
250.0
264.0
14.0
1100.0
186.0
194.0
202.0
8.0
2500.0
237.0
252.0
267.0
15.0
1150.0
187.0
196.0
205.0
9.0
2550.0
239.0
254.0
269.0
15.0
1200.0
190.0
199.0
208.0
9.0
2600.0
241.0
256.0
271.0
15.0
Reference Manual 119
Meas
(gram)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
SD
(day)
Meas
(gram)
Lower
(day)
Mean
(day)
Upper
(day)
SD
(day)
Meas
(week)
Lower
(gram)
Mean
(gram)
Upper
(gram)
Meas
(week)
Lower
(gram)
Mean
(gram)
Upper
(gram)
1250.0
192.0
201.0
210.0
9.0
2650.0
242.0
258.0
274.0
16.0
28
970.000
1237.000
1504.000
40
2565.000
3187.000
3809.000
1300.0
195.0
204.0
213.0
9.0
2700.0
245.0
261.0
277.0
16.0
29
1099.000
1391.000
1683.000
41
2639.000
3296.000
3952.000
1350.0
197.0
206.0
215.0
9.0
2750.0
247.0
263.0
279.0
16.0
1400.0
199.0
208.0
217.0
9.0
2800.0
248.0
265.0
282.0
17.0
1450.0
200.0
210.0
220.0
10.0
2850.0
250.0
267.0
284.0
17.0
1500.0
202.0
212.0
222.0
10.0
2900.0
253.0
270.0
287.0
17.0
1550.0
205.0
215.0
225.0
10.0
2950.0
254.0
272.0
290.0
18.0
1600.0
207.0
217.0
227.0
10.0
3000.0
257.0
275.0
293.0
18.0
Fetal Growth Table
Estimate Fetal Weight (EFW) : TOKYO
GA Table
Meas (gram)
Mean (day)
Meas (gram)
Mean (day)
Meas (gram)
Mean (day)
642.0
161.0
1299.0
204.0
2488.0
247.0
649.0
162.0
1323.0
205.0
2517.0
248.0
656.0
163.0
1347.0
206.0
2545.0
249.0
Shinozuka N., Masuda H., Kagawa H., Taketani Y.
664.0
164.0
1371.0
207.0
2574.0
250.0
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tokyo “Standard
Values of Ultrasonographic Fetal Biometry “ Jpn J Med Ultrasonics 23 (12) 877-888; 1996
672.0
165.0
1395.0
208.0
2602.0
251.0
681.0
166.0
1420.0
209.0
2630.0
252.0
689.0
167.0
1445.0
210.0
2657.0
253.0
699.0
168.0
1470.0
211.0
2685.0
254.0
Meas
(week)
Lower
(gram)
Mean
(gram)
Upper
(gram)
Meas
(week)
Lower
(gram)
Mean
(gram)
Upper
(gram)
18
158.000
216.000
274.000
30
1234.000
1552.000
1870.000
708.0
169.0
1496.0
212.0
2712.0
255.0
19
204.000
279.000
355.000
31
1375.000
1720.000
2064.000
719.0
170.0
1521.0
213.0
2739.0
256.0
20
256.000
349.000
442.000
32
1520.000
1892.000
2265.000
729.0
171.0
1547.0
214.0
2765.0
257.0
21
314.000
427.000
539.000
33
1667.000
2068.000
2469.000
740.0
172.0
1574.0
215.0
2792.0
258.0
22
381.000
513.000
645.000
34
1814.000
2244.000
2675.000
751.0
173.0
1600.0
216.0
2817.0
259.0
23
456.000
609.000
761.000
35
1960.000
2420.000
2880.000
763.0
174.0
1627.0
217.0
2843.0
260.0
24
541.000
714.000
888.000
36
2102.000
2592.000
3083.000
775.0
175.0
1654.0
218.0
2868.0
261.0
25
634.000
830.000
1026.000
37
2236.000
2758.000
3280.000
788.0
176.0
1681.0
219.0
2893.0
262.0
26
737.000
956.000
1175.000
38
2360.000
2915.000
3469.000
801.0
177.0
1709.0
220.0
2917.0
263.0
27
849.000
1092.000
1334.000
39
2471.000
3059.000
3647.000
Reference Manual 120
Meas (gram)
Mean (day)
Meas (gram)
Mean (day)
Meas (gram)
Mean (day)
814.0
178.0
1736.0
221.0
2941.0
264.0
828.0
179.0
1764.0
222.0
2965.0
265.0
842.0
180.0
1792.0
223.0
2988.0
266.0
857.0
181.0
1820.0
224.0
3010.0
267.0
Fetal Growth Table
Norio Shinozuk, M.D., Takashi Okai, M.D.,Shiro Kohzuma, M.D., Masaaki Mukuba, M.D., ChenTing Shin, M.D.,Tsugio Maeda, M.D., Yoshinori Kuwabara, M.D. and Masahiko Mizuni, M.D.
“Formulas for fetal weight estimation by ultrasound measurements based on neonatal
specific gravities and volumes“; American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, St. Louis;
Vol. 157, No. 5, pp. 1140-1145, Nov., 1987
872.0
182.0
1849.0
225.0
3032.0
268.0
887.0
183.0
1877.0
226.0
3053.0
269.0
Meas
(day)
Lower
(gram)
Mean
(gram)
Upper
(gram)
Meas
(day)
Lower
(gram)
Mean
(gram)
Upper
(gram)
903.0
184.0
1906.0
227.0
3074.0
270.0
161
284.000
642.000
872.000
225
1298.000
1849.000
2548.000
919.0
185.0
1934.0
228.0
3095.0
271.0
162
317.000
649.000
879.000
226
1315.000
1877.000
2585.000
936.0
186.0
1963.0
229.0
3114.0
272.0
163
348.000
656.000
886.000
227
1333.000
1906.000
2622.000
164
379.000
664.000
895.000
228
1351.000
1934.000
2659.000
953.0
187.0
1992.0
230.0
3133.0
273.0
970.0
188.0
2021.0
231.0
3152.0
274.0
165
408.000
672.000
904.000
229
1370.000
1963.000
2696.000
166
436.000
681.000
914.000
230
1389.000
1992.000
2732.000
988.0
189.0
2050.0
232.0
3169.0
275.0
1006.0
190.0
2080.0
233.0
3186.0
276.0
167
463.000
689.000
925.000
231
1409.000
2021.000
2769.000
168
489.000
699.000
937.000
232
1429.000
2050.000
2806.000
1025.0
191.0
2109.0
234.0
3202.0
277.0
1044.0
192.0
2138.0
235.0
3218.0
278.0
169
514.000
708.000
950.000
233
1449.000
2080.000
2842.000
538.000
719.000
963.000
234
1470.000
2109.000
2879.000
561.000
729.000
977.000
235
1492.000
2138.000
2915.000
1063.0
193.0
2168.0
236.0
3232.0
279.0
170
1083.0
194.0
2197.0
237.0
3246.0
280.0
171
1103.0
195.0
2226.0
238.0
3259.0
281.0
172
583.000
740.000
992.000
236
1514.000
2168.000
2951.000
173
605.000
751.000
1008.000
237
1536.000
2197.000
2988.000
1123.0
196.0
2256.0
239.0
3271.0
282.0
1144.0
197.0
2285.0
240.0
3283.0
283.0
174
625.000
763.000
1025.000
238
1559.000
2226.000
3024.000
175
645.000
775.000
1042.000
239
1582.000
2256.000
3060.000
1165.0
198.0
2314.0
241.0
3293.0
284.0
1187.0
199.0
2343.0
242.0
3302.0
285.0
176
664.000
788.000
1060.000
240
1606.000
2285.000
3095.000
682.000
801.000
1079.000
241
1629.000
2314.000
3131.000
1209.0
200.0
2373.0
243.0
3311.0
286.0
177
1231.0
201.0
2402.0
244.0
3318.0
287.0
178
700.000
814.000
1098.000
242
1654.000
2343.000
3166.000
1253.0
202.0
2431.0
245.0
179
716.000
828.000
1119.000
243
1679.000
2373.000
3201.000
1276.0
203.0
2460.0
246.0
Reference Manual 121
Meas
(day)
Lower
(gram)
Mean
(gram)
Upper
(gram)
Meas
(day)
Lower
(gram)
Mean
(gram)
Upper
(gram)
Meas
(day)
Lower
(gram)
Mean
(gram)
Upper
(gram)
Meas
(day)
Lower
(gram)
Mean
(gram)
Upper
(gram)
180
733.000
842.000
1139.000
244
1704.000
2402.000
3236.000
204
1017.000
1299.000
1806.000
268
2340.000
3032.000
3973.000
181
748.000
857.000
1161.000
245
1729.000
2431.000
3271.000
205
1028.000
1323.000
1839.000
269
2364.000
3053.000
3998.000
182
763.000
872.000
1183.000
246
1755.000
2460.000
3305.000
206
1039.000
1347.000
1872.000
270
2387.000
3074.000
4022.000
183
778.000
887.000
1206.000
247
1781.000
2488.000
3340.000
207
1050.000
1371.000
1906.000
271
2410.000
3095.000
4046.000
184
792.000
903.000
1229.000
248
1807.000
2517.000
3374.000
208
1061.000
1395.000
1940.000
272
2432.000
3114.000
4069.000
185
805.000
919.000
1253.000
249
1833.000
2545.000
3407.000
209
1072.000
1420.000
1974.000
273
2453.000
3133.000
4091.000
186
818.000
936.000
1278.000
250
1860.000
2574.000
3441.000
210
1084.000
1445.000
2009.000
274
2473.000
3152.000
4113.000
187
831.000
953.000
1303.000
251
1887.000
2602.000
3474.000
211
1096.000
1470.000
2044.000
275
2493.000
3169.000
4135.000
188
844.000
970.000
1329.000
252
1914.000
2630.000
3506.000
212
1108.000
1496.000
2079.000
276
2511.000
3186.000
4155.000
189
856.000
988.000
1355.000
253
1941.000
2657.000
3539.000
213
1121.000
1521.000
2114.000
277
2528.000
3202.000
4175.000
190
867.000
1006.000
1382.000
254
1968.000
2685.000
3571.000
214
1133.000
1547.000
2149.000
278
2544.000
3218.000
4194.000
191
879.000
1025.000
1409.000
255
1996.000
2712.000
3602.000
215
1146.000
1574.000
2185.000
279
2559.000
3232.000
4213.000
192
890.000
1044.000
1437.000
256
2023.000
2739.000
3633.000
216
1160.000
1600.000
2221.000
280
2572.000
3246.000
4230.000
193
901.000
1063.000
1465.000
257
2051.000
2765.000
3664.000
217
1174.000
1627.000
2257.000
281
2584.000
3259.000
4247.000
194
912.000
1083.000
1494.000
258
2078.000
2792.000
3695.000
218
1188.000
1654.000
2293.000
282
2595.000
3271.000
4264.000
195
923.000
1103.000
1523.000
259
2105.000
2817.000
3725.000
219
1202.000
1681.000
2329.000
283
2604.000
3283.000
4279.000
196
933.000
1123.000
1553.000
260
2132.000
2843.000
3754.000
220
1217.000
1709.000
2365.000
284
2611.000
3293.000
4294.000
197
944.000
1144.000
1583.000
261
2159.000
2868.000
3783.000
221
1232.000
1736.000
2402.000
285
2617.000
3302.000
4308.000
198
954.000
1165.000
1614.000
262
2186.000
2893.000
3812.000
222
1248.000
1764.000
2438.000
286
2620.000
3311.000
4321.000
287
2622.000
3318.000
4333.000
199
965.000
1187.000
1645.000
263
2213.000
2917.000
3840.000
223
1264.000
1792.000
2475.000
200
975.000
1209.000
1676.000
264
2239.000
2941.000
3868.000
224
1281.000
1820.000
2512.000
201
986.000
1231.000
1708.000
265
2265.000
2965.000
3895.000
202
996.000
1253.000
1740.000
266
2291.000
2988.000
3921.000
203
1006.000
1276.000
1773.000
267
2316.000
3010.000
3947.000
Reference Manual 122
Estimate Fetal Weight (EFW) : WILLIAMS
Estimate Fetal Weight (EFW) : YARKONI
Fetal Growth Table
Fetal Growth Table
Ronald Williams, Robert Creasy, George Cunningham, Warren Hawes, Rank Norris, Michiko
Tashiro “Fetal Growth and Perinatal Viability in California“
Yarkoni S., Reece EA, Holford T, O'Connor TZ, Hobbins JC: Estimated fetal weight in the
evaluation of growth in twin gestations: a prospective longitudinal study. Obtet. Gynecol.
69:636, 1987
Obstetric & Gynecology Vol. 59, NO. 5, May 1982
Meas
(week)
Lower
(gram)
Mean
(gram)
Upper
(gram)
Meas
(week)
Lower
(gram)
Mean
(gram)
Upper
(gram)
Meas
(week)
Lower
(gram)
Mean
(gram)
Upper
(gram)
Meas
(week)
Lower
(gram)
Mean
(gram)
Upper
(gram)
22
320.000
513.000
746.000
36
2224.000
2849.000
3521.000
16
132.000
154.000
207.000
28
789.000
1244.000
1774.000
23
365.000
589.000
861.000
37
2455.000
3052.000
3706.000
17
173.000
215.000
249.000
29
900.000
1395.000
1883.000
24
417.000
675.000
989.000
38
2642.000
3227.000
3867.000
18
214.000
276.000
291.000
30
1011.000
1546.000
1992.000
19
223.000
300.000
412.000
31
1198.000
1693.000
2392.000
25
477.000
773.000
1132.000
39
2790.000
3364.000
3994.000
26
546.000
882.000
1289.000
40
2881.000
3462.000
4080.000
20
232.000
324.000
534.000
32
1385.000
1840.000
2793.000
21
275.000
432.000
705.000
33
1491.000
2032.000
3000.000
27
627.000
1005.000
1463.000
41
2946.000
3524.000
4127.000
28
720.000
1143.000
1653.000
42
3011.000
3589.000
4185.000
22
319.000
540.000
876.000
34
1597.000
2224.000
3208.000
23
347.000
598.000
880.000
35
1703.000
2427.000
3336.000
29
829.000
1298.000
1859.000
43
3044.000
3626.000
4221.000
30
955.000
1484.000
2136.000
44
3043.000
3633.000
4233.000
24
376.000
656.000
885.000
36
1809.000
2631.000
3465.000
549.000
793.000
1118.000
37
2239.000
2824.000
3679.000
38
2669.000
3017.000
3894.000
31
1100.000
1695.000
2402.000
45
3009.000
3611.000
4224.000
25
32
1284.000
1920.000
2673.000
46
2941.000
3560.000
4191.000
26
722.000
931.000
1352.000
33
1499.000
2155.000
2910.000
47
2844.000
3482.000
4136.000
27
755.000
1087.000
1563.000
48
2720.000
3377.000
4059.000
34
1728.000
2394.000
3132.000
35
1974.000
2628.000
3333.000
Reference Manual 123
Estimate Fetal Weight Algorithm
Estimate Fetal Weight (EFW) : HADLOCK
[Equation]
Estimate Fetal Weight (EFW) : CAMPBELL
[Equation]
10^(1.1134 + 0.05845 × AC-0.000604 × AC2 + 0.1694 × BPD - 0.007365 × BPD2 + 0.000595 ×
AC × BPD)
e^(0.282 × AC-0.003318 × AC2 - 4.564) × 1000
[Range]
[Range]
EFW: 600g~4,680g
AC: 21~40cm
[Reference]
EFW: 900g~4085g
Frank P. Hadlock, R. B. Harrist, Robert J. Carpenter, Russell L. Deter, Seung K. Park.
"Sonographic Estimation of Fetal Weight" Radiology,1984; 150:535-540
[Reference]
Campbell, S., Wilkin, D. "Ultrasonic Measurement of Fetal Abdomen Circumference in the
Estimation of Fetal Weight." British Journal of OB & GYN, 82, 9: 689-697, September 1975
[Summary]
Assessment of birth weight predictions on 140 fetuses who were delivered within 48 hours.
The accuracy o predictions varied with the size of the fetus:
−− at a predicted weight of 1kg, 95% of birth weights fell within 160g
−− at a predicted weight of 2kg, 95% of birth weights fell within 290g
−− at a predicted weight of 3kg, 95% of birth weights fell within 450g
−− at a predicted weight of 4kg, 95% of birth weights fell within 590g
−− By Extrapolation, at 32 weeks menstrual age, 87% of babies below the 5th centile would
be detected by this method but that the diagnosis rate would fall to 63% at 38 weeks
[Summary]
Sonographic measurements were made in 167live-born fetuses one week before delivery
(mean 1.64 days ± 1.8 S.D.). All fetuses were weighted immediately after delivery; mean
birth weight was found to be 2.754g ± 930 S.D.
Data were Divided into several groups by weight :
<1,500g
: mean 1,024 ± 301 S.D
1,500-2,000g : mean 1,767 ± 199 S.D
2,000-2,500g
: mean 2,248 ± 134 S.D
2,500-3,000g : mean 2,668 ± 133 S.D
3,000-3,500g
: mean 3,227 ± 147 S.D
3,500-4,000g
: mean 3,686 ± 123 S.D
>4,000g
: mean 4,301 ± 173 S.D
Reference Manual 124
Estimate Fetal Weight (EFW) : HADLOCK1
Estimate Fetal Weight (EFW) : HADLOCK2
[Equation]
[Equation]
10^(1.304 + 0.05281 × AC + 0.1938 × FL-0.004 × AC × FL)
10^(1.335 - 0.0034 × AC × FL + 0.0316 × BPD + 0.0457 × AC + 0.1623 × FL)
[Reference]
[Reference]
Frank P. Hadlock, R. B. Harrist, Ralph S. Sharman, Russell L. Deter, Seung K. Park. "Estimation
of fetal weight with the use of head, body, and femur measurement-A prospective study"
American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Vol 151. No.3:333-337, February 1, 1985
Frank P. Hadlock, R. B. Harrist, Ralph S. Sharman, Russell L. Deter, Seung K. Park. "Estimation
of fetal weight with the use of head, body, and femur measurement-A prospective study"
American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Vol 151. No.3:333-337, February 1, 1985
[Summary]
[Summary]
The study population consisted of 109 predominately middle class Caucasian patients.
The majority of patients were examined within 3 days of delivery, and all patients were
examined within at least 1 week of delivery.
The study population consisted of 109 predominately middle class Caucasian patients.
The majority of patients were examined within 3 days of delivery, and all patients were
examined within at least 1 week of delivery.
−− Summary of accuracy of models (Mean deviation = SD(%) )
−− Summary of accuracy of models ( Mean deviation = SD(%) )
<1,500g
: -3.9±8.3
<1,500g
: -5.3±9.0
1,500-2,000g : 0.9±8.5
1,500-2,000g : 2.2±7.0
2,000-2,500g : 1.6±8.5
2,000-2,500g : 3.2±7.6
2,500-3,000g : 0.3±7.6
2,500-3,000g : 1.3±7.7
3,000-3,500g : --1.9±7.2
3,000-3,500g : 0.4±6.0
3,500-4,000g : -0.7±6.8
3,500-4,000g : 1.4±7.1
>4,000g
: 5.2±5.2
>4,000g
: 4.8±5.1
Reference Manual 125
Estimate Fetal Weight (EFW) : HADLOCK3
Estimate Fetal Weight (EFW) : HADLOCK4
[Equation]
[Equation]
10^(1.326 - 0.00326 × AC × FL + 0.0107 × HC + 0.0438 × AC + 0.158 × FL)
10^(1.3596 - 0.00386 × AC × FL + 0.0064 × HC + 0.00061 × BPD × AC + 0.0424 × AC + 0.174
× FL)
[Reference]
Frank P. Hadlock, R. B. Harrist, Ralph S. Sharman, Russell L. Deter, Seung K. Park. "Estimation
of fetal weight with the use of head, body, and femur measurement-A prospective study"
American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Vol 151. No.3:333-337, February 1, 1985
[Summary]
The study population consisted of 109 predominately middle class Caucasian patients.
The majority of patients were examined within 3 days of delivery, and all patients were
examined within at least 1 week of delivery.
−− Summary of accuracy of models ( Mean deviation = SD(%) )
<1,500g
: -4.6±9.7
[Reference]
Frank P. Hadlock, R. B. Harrist, Ralph S. Sharman, Russell L. Deter, Seung K. Park. "Estimation
of fetal weight with the use of head, body, and femur measurement-A prospective study"
American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Vol 151. No.3:333-337, February 1, 1985
[Summary]
The study population consisted of 109 predominately middle class Caucasian patients.
The majority of patients were examined within 3 days of delivery, and all patients were
examined within at least 1 week of delivery.
−− Summary of accuracy of models ( Mean deviation = SD(%) )
1,500-2,000g : 2.5±7.4
<1,500g
: 5.4 ± 9.0
2,000-2,500g : 4.9±7.3
1,500-2,000g : -1.4±7.0
2,500-3,000g : 1.7±6.6
2,000-2,500g : -2.6±7.8
3,000-3,500g : 0.2±5.9
2,500-3,000g : -0.4±7.4
3,500-4,000g : 3.2±6.9
3,000-3,500g : 0.9±5.9
>4,000g
3,500-4,000g : -1.2±7.2
>4,000g
: -4.0±5.2
: 6.3±5.1
Reference Manual 126
Estimate Fetal Weight (EFW) : HANSMAN
Estimate Fetal Weight (EFW) : MERZ
[Equation]
[Equation]
(0.649145 × TTD - 0.020562 × TTD2 - 1.05775 × BPD + 0.0930707 × BPD2 + 0.515263) × 1000
157.07186 × AC + 15.90391 × BPD2 - 3200.40479
[Range]
[Range]
BPD: 5.9 ~ cm
BPD: 7.0 ~ 10.5cm
TTD: 5.6 ~ cm
AC: 21.8 ~ 36.5 cm
EFW: 500.0 ~ g
EFW: 1003 ~ 4286 g
[Reference]
[Reference]
Hansmann, Hackeloer, Staudach, Wittman, "Ultrasound Diagnosis in Obstetrics and
Gynecology," Springer-Verlag, New York, 1986
E. Merz, W. Goldhofer, E. Timor-Tritsch "Ultrasound in Gynecology and Obstetrics" Textbook
and Atlas, 1991, Georg Thieme Verlag, 308-338
Merz E, Lieser H, Schicketanz KH, Harlé J “Intrauterine Gewichtsschätzung mittels
Ultraschall. Ein Vergleich mehrerer Gewichtsschätzungsmethoden sowie die Entwicklung
einer neuen Formel zur Bestimmung des Fetalgewichtes”, Ultraschall Med, 1998, 9(1):15-24,
[Summary]
The fetal weights were estimated in 196 fetuses between 24 and 42 weeks of gestation.
−− Most Reliable Formula
< 2500g : Shepard
2500g ~ 3499g : Shepard, Hansmann, Merz
3500g ~ 4520g : Schillinger, Hansmann, Shepard, Merz
Reference Manual 127
Estimate Fetal Weight (EFW) : OSAKA
Estimate Fetal Weight (EFW) : SHINOZUKA1
[Equation]
[Equation]
1.25647 × BPD3 + 3.50665 × FL × FTA + 6.3
1.07 × BPD3 + 0.30 × AC2 × FL
[Reference]
[Reference]
Mineo Aoki. Perinatal Care, Vol.9 No.5, p407-422
N.Shinozuka et al. "Formulas for Fetal Weight Estimation by Ultrasound Measurements
based on Neonatal Specific Gravities and Volumes" American Journal of Obsterics and
Gynecology, 1987;157:1140-5
Estimate Fetal Weight (EFW) : SHEPARD
[Equation]
10^(0.166 × BPD + 0.046 × AC - 0.002646 × BPD × AC - 1.7492) × 1000
[Range]
BPD: 3.1 ~ 10.0 cm
AC: 15.5 ~ 40.0 cm
EFW: 224.0 ~ 4925.0 g
[Reference]
Shepard MJ, et al, " An Evaluation of Two Equations for Predicting Fetal Weight by
Ultrasound," American Journal of Ob & Gyn, January 1982; 142(1):47-54
[Summary]
73 patients underwent ultrasound evaluation within 2 days of delivery.
−− Difference in percentage of fetal weight estimates
Within ± 25gm/kg of actual weight: 16.4
Within ± 50gm/kg of actual weight: 26.0
Within ± 100gm/kg of actual weight: 50.7
More then ± 100gm/kg of actual weight : 49.3
The average difference between actual and predicted weight for the sample as a whole was
-12.85 gm (SE 40.85)
Estimate Fetal Weight (EFW) : SHINOZUKA 2
[Equation]
1.07 × BPD3 + 2.91 × APTD × TTD × SL
[Reference]
N.Shinozuka et al. "Formulas for Fetal Weight Estimation by Ultrasound Measurements
based on Neonatal Specific Gravities and Volumes" American Journal of Obsterics and
Gynecology, 1987;157:1140-5
Estimate Fetal Weight (EFW) : SHINOZUKA 3
[Equation]
1.07 × BPD3 + 3.42 × APTD × TTD × FL
[Reference]
N.Shinozuka et al. "Formulas for Fetal Weight Estimation by Ultrasound Measurements
based on Neonatal Specific Gravities and Volumes" American Journal of Obsterics and
Gynecology, 1987;157:1140-5
Reference Manual 128
Estimate Fetal Weight (EFW) : FERRERO
Estimate Fetal Weight (EFW) : WARSOF
[Equation]
[Equation]
10^(0.77125 + (0.13244 × AC) - (0.12996 × FL) - (0.00173588 × AC × AC) + (0.00309212 × FL
× AC) + (2.18984 × FL/AC))
10^((0.144 × BPD) + (0.032 × AC) - (0.000111 × AC × BPD × BPD) - 1.599) × 1000
[Reference]
Warsof SL, Gohari P, Berkowitz RL, et al: The estimation of fetal weight by computer-assisted
analysis. Am J Obstet Gynecol 120:881, 1977
Ferrero A, Maggi E, Giancotti A, et al: Regression formula for estimation of fetal weight with
use of abdominal circumference and femur length: A prospective study. J Ultrasound Med
13:823, 1994
Estimate Fetal Weight (EFW) : HIGGINBOTTOM
[Equation]
[Reference]
Estimate Fetal Weight (EFW) : WEINER1
[Equation]
10^(1.6575 + (0.04035 × HC) + (0.01285 × AC))
AC3 × 0.0816
[Reference]
[Reference]
Weiner CP, Sabbagha RE, Vaisrub N, et al: Ultrasonic fetal weight prediction: Role of head
circumference and femur length. Obstet Gynecol 65:812, 1985
Higginbottom J, Slater J. Porter G, et al: Estimation of fetal weight from ultrasonic
measurement of trunk circumference. Br J Obstet Gynecol 82:698, 1975
Estimate Fetal Weight (EFW) : THURNAU
[Equation]
Estimate Fetal Weight (EFW) : WEINER2
[Equation]
10^(1.6961 + (0.02253 × HC) + (0.01645 × AC) + (0.06439 × FL))
BPD × AC × 9.337 - 229
[Reference]
[Reference]
Weiner CP, Sabbagha RE, Vaisrub N, et al: Ultrasonic fetal weight prediction: Role of head
circumference and femur length. Obstet Gynecol 65:812, 1985
Thurnau GR, Tamura RK, Sabbagha R, et al: A simple estimated fetal weight equation based
on real-time ultrasound measurements of fetuses less than thirty-four weeks' gestation. Am
J Obstet Gynecol 145:557, 1983
Reference Manual 129
Estimate Fetal Weight (EFW) : WOO
[Equation]
10^(1.13705 + (0.15549 × BPD) + (0.04864 × AC) - (0.00279682 × BPD × AC) + (0.037769 ×
FL) - (0.000494529 × AC × FL))
[Reference]
Woo JS, Wan CW, Cho KM
Computer-assisted evaluation of ultrasonic fetal weight prediction using multiple
regression equations with and without the fetal femur length, J Ultrasound Med 4:65, 1985
Reference Manual 130
Urology Reference
Resistivity Index
Pressure Gradient
where, PGmax :Max Pressure gradient
V: the maximum instantaneous velocity (m/sec)
Volume Flow (Area)
Reference: Burns, Peter N., “The Physical principles of Doppler Spectral Analysis,” Journal of
Clinical Ultrasound, Nov./Dec. 1987, Vol.15, No.9, p.586
Pulsatility Index
Reference: Burns, Peter N., “The Physical principles of Doppler Spectral Analysis,” Journal of
Clinical Ultrasound, Nov./Dec. 1987, Vol.15, No.9, p.585
Volume Flow (Dist.)
Prostate Vloume (3 Distances)
S/D (ratio of Systolic to Diastolic Velocity)
Prostate Vloume (3 Distances x Factor)
Reference: Ameriso S, et al., “Pulseless Transcranial Doppler Finding in Takayasu’s Arteritis,”
J Clin Ultrasound, September 1990; 18:592-6
D/S (ratio of Diastolic to Systolic Velocity)
Prostate Vloume (Ellipsoid)
Reference Manual 131
Prostate Vloume (Sum of 20 Disks)
Fetal Heart Reference
Stroke Volume (SV)
Prostate Spec. Antigen
where, EDV : End Diastolic Volume, ESV : End Systolic Volume
Residual Volume
%STA
Reference: Jacob, Normaan M et, al., “Duplex Carotid Sonography : Criteria for Stenosis,
Accuracy, and Pitfalls,” Radiology 154: 385~391, 1985.
%STD
Cardiac Output (CO)
Ejection Fraction (EF)
where, EDV : End Diastolic Volume, ESV : End Systolic Volume
Reference: Oh, J.K., Seward, J.B., Tajik, A.J. “The Echo Manual” Boston: Little, Brown and
Company, 1994; 43
LV Vol. d (LV Volume Diastolic)
Reference: Taylor K. J. W., Burns P. N., Breslau P., “Clinical Applications of Doppler
Fetal HR
Teichholz
Reference: Teichholz, L.E., Kreulen, T., Herman, M.V., et. al. “Problems in echocardiographic
volume determinations: echocardiographic-angiographic correlations in the presence or
absence of asynergy.” American Journal of Cardiology, 1976, 37:7.
Cubed
Reference: Pombo, J.F., et. al. “Left Ventricular Volumes and Ejection Fractioin by
Echocardiography.” Circulation, Vol. XLIII, 482, April, 1971.
Reference Manual 132
Gibson
Resistivity Index
Reference: “Basic Echocardiography” Iowa Heart Center, Mark J. Harry R.D.C.S., R.V.T. Jan, 1997
p. 30
LV Vol. s (LV Volume Systolic)
Teichholz
Reference: Burns, Peter N., “The Physical principles of Doppler Spectral Analysis,” Journal of
Clinical Ultrasound, Nov./Dec. 1987, Vol.15, No.9,p.586
Pulsatility Index
Reference: Teichholz, L.E., Kreulen, T., Herman, M.V., et. al. “Problems in echocardiographic
volume determinations: echocardiographic-angiographic correlations in the presence or
absence of asynergy.” American Journal of Cardiology, 1976, 37:7.
Cubed
Reference: Pombo, J.F., et. al. “Left Ventricular Volumes and Ejection Fractioin by
Echocardiography.” Circulation, Vol. XLIII, 482, April, 1971.
Gibson
Reference: Burns, Peter N., “The Physical principles of Doppler Spectral Analysis,” Journal of
Clinical Ultrasound, Nov./Dec. 1987, Vol.15, No.9,p.585
S/D (ratio of Systolic to Diastolic Velocity)
Reference: “Basic Echocardiography” Iowa Heart Center, Mark J. Harry R.D.C.S., R.V.T. Jan,
1997 p. 30
LV Mass
LVmass(grams) =
Reference: Oh, J.K., Seward, J.B. The Echo Manual. Boston: Little, Brown and company, 1994,
p.43.
Fractional Shortening of Left Ventricle Internal diameter
A percent change in LV cavity dimension with systolic contraction
Reference: Ameriso S, et al., “Pulseless Transcranial Doppler Finding in Takayasu’s Arteritis,”
J Clin Ultrasound, September 1990; 18:592-6
D/S (ratio of Diastolic to Systolic Velocity)
Preload Index
Artrial Reversal Flow / Systolic Flow
Harvey Feigenbaum, “Echocardiography”, 1995 fifth edition
Reference: Toru Kanzaki, Yoshihide Chiba, Evaluation of the Preload Condition of the Fetus by
Inferior Vena Caval Blood Flow Pattern Fetal Diagn Ther 1990; 5; 168-174
Reference Manual 133
Vascular Reference
Pressure Gradient
(mmHg)
where, PGmax :Max Pressure gradient
Carotid, UE Artery, UE Vein, LE Artery, LE Vein
Resistivity Index
Reference: Burns, Peter N., “The Physical principles of Doppler Spectral Analysis,” Journal of
Clinical Ultrasound, Nov./Dec. 1987, Vol.15, No.9,p.586
Pulsatility Index
Reference: Burns, Peter N., “The Physical principles of Doppler Spectral Analysis,” Journal of
Clinical Ultrasound, Nov./Dec. 1987, Vol.15, No.9,p.585
S/D (ratio of Systolic to Diastolic Velocity)
Reference: Ameriso S, et al., “Pulseless Transcranial Doppler Finding in Takayasu’s Arteritis,” J
Clin Ultrasound, September 1990; 18:592-6
D/S (ratio of Diastolic to Systolic Velocity)
V : the maximum instantaneous velocity(m/sec)
%STA
Reference: Jacob, Normaan M et, al., “Duplex Carotid Sonography : Crieteria for Stenosis,
Accuracy, and Pitfalls,” Radiology 154: 385~391, 1985.
%STD
Reference: Taylor K. J. W., Burns P. N., Breslau P., “Clinical Applications of Doppler Ultrasound”,
Raven Press, N.Y., pages 130-136.
Volume Flow (Area)
Volume Flow (Dist.)
Reference Manual 134
Gynecology Reference
Pressure Gradient
(mmHg)
where, PGmax :Max Pressure gradient
Resistivity Index
V : the maximum instantaneous velocity(m/sec)
%STA
Reference: Burns, Peter N., “The Physical principles of Doppler Spectral Analysis,” Journal of
Clinical Ultrasound, Nov./Dec. 1987, Vol.15, No.9,p.586
Pulsatility Index
Reference: Jacob, Normaan M et, al., “Duplex Carotid Sonography : Crieteria for Stenosis,
Accuracy, and Pitfalls,” Radiology 154: 385~391, 1985.
%STD
Reference: Burns, Peter N., “The Physical principles of Doppler Spectral Analysis,” Journal of
Clinical Ultrasound, Nov./Dec. 1987, Vol.15, No.9,p.585
S/D (ratio of Systolic to Diastolic Velocity)
Reference: Taylor K. J. W., Burns P. N., Breslau P., “Clinical Applications of Doppler Ultrasound”,
Raven Press, N.Y., pages 130-136.
Volume Flow (Area)
Reference: Ameriso S, et al., “Pulseless Transcranial Doppler Finding in Takayasu’s Arteritis,” J
Clin Ultrasound, September 1990; 18:592-6
D/S (ratio of Diastolic to Systolic Velocity)
Volume Flow (Dist.)
Reference Manual 135
Abdomen Reference
Resistivity Index
%STA
Reference: Jacob, Normaan M et, al., “Duplex Carotid Sonography : Crieteria for Stenosis,
Accuracy, and Pitfalls,” Radiology 154: 385~391, 1985.
Reference: Burns, Peter N., “The Physical principles of Doppler Spectral Analysis,” Journal of
Clinical Ultrasound, Nov./Dec. 1987, Vol.15, No.9,p.586
Pulsatility Index
%STD
Reference: Taylor K. J. W., Burns P. N., Breslau P., “Clinical Applications of Doppler Ultrasound”,
Raven Press, N.Y., pages 130-136.
Reference: Burns, Peter N., “The Physical principles of Doppler Spectral Analysis,” Journal of
Clinical Ultrasound, Nov./Dec. 1987, Vol.15, No.9,p.585
S/D (ratio of Systolic to Diastolic Velocity)
Reference: Ameriso S, et al., “Pulseless Transcranial Doppler Finding in Takayasu’s Arteritis,” J
Clin Ultrasound, September 1990; 18:592-6
Volume Flow (Area)
Volume Flow (Dist.)
Vol.
D/S (ratio of Diastolic to Systolic Velocity)
Vol. Index
Pressure Gradient
(mmHg)
where, PGmax :Max Pressure gradient
V : the maximum instantaneous velocity(m/sec)
Reference Manual 136
Small Part Reference
Pressure Gradient
(mmHg)
where, PGmax :Max Pressure gradient
Thyroid, Breast, Testis, Superficial
Resistivity Index
Reference: Burns, Peter N., “The Physical principles of Doppler Spectral Analysis,” Journal of
Clinical Ultrasound, Nov./Dec. 1987, Vol.15, No.9,p.586
Pulsatility Index
Reference: Burns, Peter N., “The Physical principles of Doppler Spectral Analysis,” Journal of
Clinical Ultrasound, Nov./Dec. 1987, Vol.15, No.9,p.585
S/D (ratio of Systolic to Diastolic Velocity)
Reference: Ameriso S, et al., “Pulseless Transcranial Doppler Finding in Takayasu’s Arteritis,” J
Clin Ultrasound, September 1990; 18:592-6
V : the maximum instantaneous velocity(m/sec)
%STA
Reference: Jacob, Normaan M et, al., “Duplex Carotid Sonography : Crieteria for Stenosis,
Accuracy, and Pitfalls,” Radiology 154: 385~391, 1985.
%STD
Reference: Taylor K. J. W., Burns P. N., Breslau P., “Clinical Applications of Doppler Ultrasound”,
Raven Press, N.Y., pages 130-136.
Volume Flow (Area)
Volume Flow (Dist.)
D/S (ratio of Diastolic to Systolic Velocity)
Mass Vol.
Reference Manual 137
Acoustic Output Tables
IEC 60601-2-37 Tables
Symbols and Definitions
Standard 60601-2-37 published by the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC)
requires the declaration of acoustic output information. The definitions and units of the
symbols in those tables are listed below, and are consistent with IEC 60601-2-37 and IEC
62359. Definitions for CAPITALIZED parameters, if not found here, can be found in the
reference documents.
All table entries have been obtained at the operating conditions that give rise to the
Maximum Index Value (shown in the second row of the table). Due to the complexities of the
system user interface, it may be difficult to exactly replicate the declared condition. Contact
Samsung Medison for further information as needed.
Note that Samsung Medison provides information for both of the TIS non-scanned columns.
The ‘Aaprt≤1‘ (cm2) column is an ‘at_surface‘ TIS value and the ‘Aaprt>1‘ (cm2) column is a
‘below surface‘ TIS value. The tables will provide additional informational flags (‘**‘) in the
event that the largest TIS non-scanned value is an ‘at_surface‘ value with Aaprt > 1 cm2, or
if the largest TIS non-scanned value is a ‘below_surface‘ value with Aaprt ≤ 1 cm2 case (very
rare).
Aaprt
the –12 dB OUTPUT BEAM AREA, or transmit aperture area, of the
ultrasonic beam. Derived from the –12 dB OUTPUT BEAM DIMENSIONS.
(centimeters squared)
deq at max. Ipithe EQUIVALENT BEAM DIAMETER at the point where the free-field (nonattenuated), PULSE INTENSITY INTEGRAL is a maximum (centimeters).
deq(zb)the EQUIVALENT BEAM DIAMETER at axial distance zb. Equal to [(4/п)
(Pα(zb) / Ita, α(zb))]0.5. (centimeters)
Dim of Aaprtthe –12 dB OUTPUT BEAM DIMENSIONS. The active apertu-re dimensions
in the azimuthal and elevational directions (cent-imeters). For scanned
modes, the ‘X_dim‘ is the length of the entire scanned aperture.
fawf the ACOUSTIC WORKING FREQUENCY. Center frequency. (megahertz)
Focal LengthThe nominal focal points, azimuthal (FLx) and elevational (FLy), for the
operating condition (centimeters).
Ipa, α at max. MI the ATTENUATED PULSE–AVERAGE INTENSITY at the depth of reported MI,
zat_max_Ipi, α . (watts per square centimeter).
Ita, α(z)the ATTENUATED TEMPORAL–AVERAGE INTENSITY at axial distance z.
(milliwatts per square centimeter)
MIthe displayed parameter representing potential cavitation bio–effects.
(unit–less)
Pthe time-average ultrasonic OUTPUT POWER radiated by the transducer
for the transmit pattern(s) associated with the report-ed Index. For
TIS_non_scan and TIB_non_scan this is the total acoustic power of
the non-scanned beam(s). For TIC it is the total acoustic power of the
contributing modes (which will be list-ed separately, for the reader to
sum). The reported maximum TIS_scan value may (likely) come from a
combinational mode. In this case, P = P1 + P1x1. P1 is the BOUNDED OUTPUT
POWER (the maximum power emitted from a one cm width of the active
(scanned) transmit aperture of the transducer in the scan plane direction)
of each the scanned transmit modes. For instance in 2D color mode P1_2D
and P1_Col will be listed. P1x1 is the ma-ximum contribution from any one
square centimeter of the non-scanned transmit mode(s) active aperture.
(milliwatts).
Pα(z)the (ultrasonic) ATTENUATED OUTPUT POWER at axial dist–ance zs, for the
non–scanned modes or TRANSMIT PATTERNS. (milliwatts)
Pr, α
the ATTENUATED PEAK–RAREFACTIONAL ACOUSTIC PRESSURE
associated with the transmit pattern giving rise to the reported value of
MI. (megapascals)
Reference Manual 138
Pr at max. Ipi
the PEAK–RAREFACTIONAL ACOUSTIC PRESSURE at the point where the
free­–field (non–attenuated), PULSE INTENSITY INTEGRAL is a maximum.
(megapascals)
Explanatory Notes
(a) This index is not required in this operating mode.
prrthe PULSE REPETITION RATE associated with the transmit pattern giving
rise to the reported value of MI. (pulses per second)
(b) This probe is not intended for adult transcranial or neonatal cephalic applications.
TIBthe BONE THERMAL INDEX for applications, such as fetal (second and
third trimester) or neonatal cephalic (through the fontanelle), in which
the ultrasound beam passes through soft tissue and a focal region is in
the immediate vicinity of bone. (unit–less)
(d) The maximum index value is less than 1.0 in all modes.
TIC
the CRANIAL BONE THERMAL INDEX.
TISscan
the SOFT TISSUE THERMAL INDEX in a scanning mode. (unit–less)
**The max TIS non-scanned value is an ‘at_surface‘ value and occurs for aperture > 1.0 cm2,
OR The max TIS non-scanned value is a ‘below_surface‘ value and occurs for aperture <=
1.0 cm2.
TISnon–scan the SOFT TISSUE THERMAL INDEX in a non–auto scanning mode. (unit–
less)
tdthe PULSE DURATION associated with the TRANSMIT PATTERN giving rise
to the reported value of MI. (microseconds)
z_at_max_Ipi, α
the axial distance from the transducer where the ATTENUATED PULSE
INTENSITY INTEGRAL Ipi, α is maximum.
zb
the distance where TIB_non–scan is determined. For non–scanned modes,
Distance along the beam axis to the plane where the product of the
ATTENUATED OUTPUT POWER and ATTENUATED TEMPORAL–AVERAGE
INTENSITY (Pα(z) x Ita, α(z)) maximizes. (centimeters)
zbpvalue equal to 1.5 times the EQUIVALENT APERTURE DIAMETER (Deq). Also
equals 1.69 *
. (centimeters)
zs
the distance where TIS_non–scan is determined. The axial distance
corresponding to the location of max[min(Pα(z), Ita, α(z)x1 cm2)], where z >=
zbp. (centimeters)
(c) This formulation for TIS is less than that for an alternate formulation in this mode.
*If the MI comes from a scanning mode Transmit Pattern (pulse), the ‘prr‘ listed is the
average per second for the ‘worst case‘ scan line. ‘prr‘ for scanning modes is the product
of the frame rate and the number of pulse per line of the Transmit Pattern.
+The max TIB for this combinational mode = the at_surface TIS_scanned value. The nonscanned_TIB value indicated is the below_surface max. A “+“ is used when this TIB value
is less than the TIS_scanned value for the operating condition.
Reference Manual 139
CS1-4: 2D + Color, Triple, CPA & Triple CPA
CS1-4
TIS
Index Label
CS1-4: 2D & 2D + M mode
TIS
Index Label
M.I.
1.52
Maximum Index Value
Pr, α
(MPa)
P
(mW)
Min. of [Pα(zs), Ita, α
(zs)x1cm2]
zs
zbp
Associated
Acoustic
Parameters
Other
Information
Pr at max. Ipi
deq at max. Ipi
Ipa, α at max. MI
Focal Length
Control 1
Operating
Control
Conditions
4.72
(cm)
4.00
(cm)
prr
Control 2
Control 3
M P1x1:16.9
(cm)
(MHz)
0.82+
(b)
M P:23.6
(b)
Associated
Acoustic
Parameters
(µsec)
0.60
(pulses/sec)
27.0*
(MPa)
3.06
2.81
2.37
2.37
2.06
(b)
2.71
0.86
4.30
1.53
(b)
1.30
1.30
1.30
1.30
(b)
3.50
17.5
6.70
6.70
Operating
Control
Conditions
TIS_as
TIS_as_U
Control 4
Control 5
Control 1: 2D (Pulse Inversion) Mode, 2.2MHz, Focus: 5.0cm, FR: 27.0Hz
Control 2: 2D Mode, 4.0MHz, Focus: 5.0cm, FR: 266.4Hz
Control 3: 2D+M (Harmonic) Mode, 2.5MHz, M: 2.5MHz, Focus: 3.5cm, FR: 55.6Hz
Control 4: 2D+M (Harmonic) Mode, 2.5MHz, M: 2.5MHz, Focus: 17.5cm, FR: 12.5Hz
Control 5: 2D+M (Harmonic) Mode, 2.0MHz, M: 2.0MHz, Focus: 6.5cm, FR: 35.7Hz
TIS_bs
TIB_bs
2D P1:8.34
Col P1:93.0
X (cm)
Y (cm)
(µsec)
0.63
4.83*
2.98
deq at max. Ipi
(cm)
Control 5
PD P:72.1
(b)
0.52
2.39
(MPa)
Control 4
(b)
1.79
(pulses/sec)
Control 3
2.32
4.27
(cm)
(W/cm2)
TIC
50.8
Pr at max. Ipi
Control 2
PD P1x1:64.9
2.39
(MHz)
non–scan
2.15
2.39
(cm)
Control 1
MI
Aaprt>1
0.79
(cm)
(cm)
Focal Length
1.54
Aaprt≤1
1.01**
(cm)
zb
Ipa, α at max. MI
scan
TIB
non–scan
(mW)
z_at_max_Ipi, α
prr
0.33
FLx (cm)
zbp
td
332
FLy (cm)
(mW)
Dim of Aaprt
Other
Information
(cm)
P
fawf
0.34
Y (cm)
(MPa)
deq(zb)
4.67
2.21
Pr, α
Min. of [Pα(zs), Ita, α
(zs)x1cm2]
zs
4.27
X (cm)
(W/cm2)
non–scan
1.39
Maximum Index Value
TIC
2.26
(cm)
deq(zb)
td
2D P1:82.9
Aaprt>1
0.39
34.7
(cm)
Dim of Aaprt
1.11
Aaprt≤1
0.19**
(mW)
zb
z_at_max_Ipi, α
fawf
scan
TIB
non–scan
M.I.
2D:2.77
Col:3.24
3.27
3.26
2.47
(b)
2D:2.31
Col:1.96
0.86
1.53
0.86
(b)
1.30
1.30
1.30
1.30
(b)
0.37
358
FLx (cm)
3.50
6.50
FLy (cm)
6.70
6.70
MI
TIS_as
TIS_as_U
TIS_bs
TIB_bs
Control 1: Triple (Harmonic) Mode, 2D: 2.5MHz, Col: 2.5MHz, PD: 3.3MHz, Focus: 5.0cm, FR: 4.8Hz, PD Scale: 1.25kHz, SV Size: 2.0mm
Control 2: 2D+Color Mode, 2D: 4.0MHz, Col: 3.3MHz Focus: 3.5cm, FR: 39.6Hz
Control 3: Triple (Harmonic) Mode, 2D: 2.5MHz, Col: 2.5MHz, PD: 3.3MHz, Focus: 3.5cm, FR: 5.8Hz, PD Scale: 1.5kHz, SV Size: 2.0mm
Control 4: Triple (Harmonic) Mode, 2D: 2.5MHz, Col: 2.5MHz, PD: 3.3MHz, Focus: 6.5cm, FR: 3.9Hz, PD Scale: 1.0kHz, SV Size: 2.0mm
Control 5: Triple Mode, 2D: 4.0MHz, Col: 3.3MHz, PD: 2.5MHz, Focus: 3.5cm, FR: 5.8Hz, PD Scale: 1.5kHz, SV Size: 0.5mm
Reference Manual 140
CS1-4: Pulsed Doppler & 2D + Pulsed Doppler
C2-8
TIS
Index Label
M.I.
1.39
Maximum Index Value
Pr, α
Associated
Acoustic
Parameters
Aaprt>1
1.39
2D P1:6.89
PD P1x1:81.9
PD P1x1:89.7
PD P:90.8
(mW)
117
zs
(cm)
3.72
zbp
(cm)
3.63
zb
(cm)
z_at_max_Ipi, α
(cm)
deq(zb)
(cm)
2.47
X (cm)
31.3*
Pr at max. Ipi
(MPa)
3.10
deq at max. Ipi
(cm)
Focal Length
Control 1
Control 2
Control 3
Control 4
Control 5
3.28
2.50
2.50
(b)
2D:6.12
PD:0.86
0.86
3.54
0.48
(b)
1.30
1.30
(mW)
(mW)
14.0
(cm)
4.32
3.68
zbp
(cm)
zb
(cm)
z_at_max_Ipi, α
(cm)
Dim of Aaprt
FLx (cm)
3.50
14.5
FLy (cm)
6.70
6.70
Other
Information
M P1x1:9.90
Y (cm)
(µsec)
0.38
(pulses/sec)
64.8*
(MPa)
2.57
deq at max. Ipi
(cm)
Focal Length
(b)
M P:11.7
(b)
0.32
3.25
X (cm)
(W/cm2)
0.36+
4.15
Pr at max. Ipi
Ipa, α at max. MI
3.58
3.25
2.92
2.96
(b)
1.95
0.86
4.31
1.24
(b)
1.10
1.10
1.10
1.10
(b)
0.30
181
FLx (cm)
3.50
17.5
FLy (cm)
6.50
6.50
MI
Control 1
TIS_as
TIS_as_U
TIS_bs
TIB_bs
Operating
Control
Conditions
Control 2
Control 3
MI
TIS_as
TIS_as_U
Control 4
Control 5
Control 1: 2D+Pulsed Doppler Mode, 2D: 3.0MHz, PD: 2.5MHz, Focus: 5.0cm, FR: 31.3Hz, PD Scale: 1.25kHz, SV Size: 0.5mm
Control 2: 2D+Pulsed Doppler Mode, 2D: 5.0MHz, PD: 3.3MHz, Focus: 3.5cm, FR: 37.5Hz, PD Scale: 1.5kHz, SV Size: 2.0mm
Control 3: Pulsed Doppler Mode, PD: 3.3MHz, Focus: 3.5cm, PD Scale: 6.5kHz, SV Size: 2.0mm
Control 4: Pulsed Doppler Mode, PD: 2.5MHz, Focus: 14.5cm, PD Scale: 3.25kHz, SV Size: 7.5mm
Control 5: Pulsed Doppler Mode, PD: 2.5MHz, Focus: 2.0cm, PD Scale: 4.0kHz, SV Size: 7.5mm
TIC
2.33
(cm)
(MHz)
non–scan
2.11
Min. of [Pα(zs), Ita, α
(zs)x1cm2]
prr
292
2D P1:48.1
Aaprt>1
0.19
P
fawf
(b)
0.82
Aaprt≤1
0.15
(MPa)
td
0.48
1.17
scan
TIB
non–scan
Pr, α
deq(zb)
1.30
M.I.
Maximum Index Value
Associated
Acoustic
Parameters
2D:3.04
PD:3.26
1.30
Y (cm)
(W/cm2)
TIS
zs
0.48
(pulses/sec)
Ipa, α at max. MI
(b)
4.27
0.60
prr
C2-8: 2D & 2D + M mode
(b)
1.49
(µsec)
td
3.28
TIC
Index Label
(mW)
(MHz)
non–scan
2.18
Min. of [Pα(zs), Ita, α
(zs)x1cm2]
Dim of Aaprt
Operating
Control
Conditions
1.37
non–scan
Aaprt≤1
1.40**
P
fawf
Other
Information
(MPa)
scan
TIB
Control 1: 2D Mode, 2D: 4.1MHz, Focus: 3.5cm, FR: 64.8Hz
Control 2: 2D Mode, 2D: 4.1MHz, Focus: 2.0cm, FR: 336.1Hz
Control 3: 2D + M Mode, 2D: 4.1MHz, M: 4.1MHz, Focus: 3.5cm, FR: 55.6Hz
Control 4: 2D + M (Harmonic) Mode, 2D: 5.8MHz, M: 5.8MHz, Focus: 17.5cm, FR:12.5Hz
Control 5: 2D + M (Harmonic) Mode, 2D: 5.8MHz, M: 5.8MHz, Focus: 5.0cm, FR: 41.7Hz
TIS_bs
TIB_bs
Reference Manual 141
C2-8: 2D + Color, Triple, CPA & Triple CPA
C2-8: Pulsed Doppler & 2D + Pulsed Doppler
TIS
Index Label
M.I.
1.14
Maximum Index Value
Pr, α
(MPa)
P
(mW)
Min. of [Pα(zs), Ita, α
(zs)x1cm2]
Associated
Acoustic
Parameters
Aaprt≤1
0.65
Aaprt>1
0.55
2D P1:1.18
Col P1:15.2
PD P1x1:38.6
PD P1x1:41.4
(cm)
1.98
zbp
(cm)
1.98
zb
(cm)
z_at_max_Ipi, α
(cm)
deq(zb)
(cm)
prr
Pr at max. Ipi
deq at max. Ipi
Ipa, α at max. MI
Focal Length
Control 1
Control 2
Control 3
Control 4
(b)
Index Label
(b)
Associated
Acoustic
Parameters
0.34
2.50
(µsec)
0.88
(pulses/sec)
4.60*
(MPa)
2.62
3.32
2D:6.12
Col:3.20
PD:1.24
0.86
1.10
1.10
3.32
3.32
(MPa)
P
(mW)
Min. of [Pα(zs), Ita, α
(zs)x1cm2]
1.24
1.10
0.32
FLx (cm)
3.50
5.00
6.50
6.50
(cm)
(cm)
2.20
zb
(cm)
z_at_max_Ipi, α
(cm)
deq(zb)
(cm)
3.29
TIS_as
TIS_as_U
Control 1: Triple (Harmonic) Mode, 2D: 4.6MHz, Col: 2.8MHz, PD: 2.8MHz, Focus: 5.0cm, FR: 4.6Hz, PD Scale: 1.25kHz, SV Size: 2mm
Control 2: Triple Mode, 2D: 4.7MHz, Col: 3.4MHz, PD: 3.4MHz, Focus: 5.0cm, FR: 4.6Hz, PD Scale: 1.25kHz, SV Size: 2mm
Control 3: Triple Mode, 2D: 6.8MHz, Col: 2.8MHz, PD: 3.4MHz, Focus: 3.5cm, FR: 5.51Hz, PD Scale: 1.5kHz, SV Size: 2mm
Control 4: Triple Mode, 2D: 6.8MHz, Col: 2.8MHz, PD: 3.4MHz, Focus: 5.0cm, FR: 4.6Hz, PD Scale: 1.25kHz, SV Size: 2mm
(µsec)
0.41
31.3*
2.77
deq at max. Ipi
(cm)
Control 3
Control 4
Control 5
TIB_bs
Y (cm)
(MPa)
Control 2
(b)
PD P:75.7
(b)
0.30
X (cm)
(W/cm2)
2.08
4.35
(pulses/sec)
Focal Length
Operating
Control
Conditions
TIS_bs
(MHz)
TIC
4.33
Pr at max. Ipi
Control 1
MI
PD P1x1:57.9
zbp
prr
192
FLy (cm)
2D P1:4.49
PD P1x1:44.9
55.7
Ipa, α at max. MI
(cm)
Aaprt>1
0.88
2.20
(b)
Other
Information
Aaprt≤1
0.92
non–scan
1.85
(b)
(b)
0.79
TIB
non–scan
(mW)
td
1.10
scan
zs
Dim of Aaprt
1.24
1.02
Pr, α
fawf
2D:3.37
Col:3.31
PD:3.31
M.I.
Maximum Index Value
4.35
X (cm)
(W/cm2)
TIS
TIC
4.15
Y (cm)
td
1.41
PD P:55.0
zs
(MHz)
non–scan
1.80
35.0
Dim of Aaprt
Operating
Control
Conditions
0.87
TIB
non–scan
(mW)
fawf
Other
Information
scan
2D:3.98
PD:3.31
3.33
3.33
3.33
(b)
2D:6.12
PD:0.86
0.86
1.53
1.24
(b)
1.10
1.10
1.10
1.10
(b)
0.29
170
FLx (cm)
3.50
6.50
FLy (cm)
6.50
6.50
MI
TIS_as
TIS_as_U
TIS_bs
TIB_bs
Control 1: 2D + Pulsed Doppler Mode, 2D: 4.1MHz, PD: 3.4MHz, Focus: 5.0cm, FR: 31.25Hz, PD Scale: 1.25kHz, SV Size: 2mm
Control 2: 2D + Pulsed Doppler Mode, 2D: 6.8MHz, PD: 3.4MHz, Focus: 3.5cm, FR: 37.5Hz, PD Scale: 1.5kHz, SV Size: 2mm
Control 3: Pulsed Doppler Mode, PD: 3.4MHz, Focus: 3.5cm, PD Scale: 3.25kHz, SV Size: 7mm
Control 4: Pulsed Doppler Mode, PD: 3.4MHz, Focus: 6.5cm, PD Scale: 1.0kHz, SV Size: 7mm
Control 5: Pulsed Doppler Mode, PD: 3.4MHz, Focus: 5.0cm, PD Scale: 1.0kHz, SV Size: 7mm
Reference Manual 142
CF4-9: 2D + Color, Triple, CPA & Triple CPA
CF4-9
TIS
Index Label
CF4-9: 2D & 2D + M
TIS
Index Label
M.I.
1.03
Maximum Index Value
Pr, α
(MPa)
P
(mW)
Min. of [Pα(zs), Ita, α
(zs)x1cm2]
Associated
Acoustic
Parameters
2D P1:20.3
M: P1x1:4.48
Aaprt>1
0.07**
zs
(cm)
1.64
zbp
(cm)
1.64
zb
(cm)
z_at_max_Ipi, α
(cm)
Dim of Aaprt
td
0.20+
0.65
M P:2.14
2D P:21.6
Associated
Acoustic
Parameters
1.29
1.43
-
5.03
X (cm)
Y (cm)
(µsec)
0.28
Pr, α
(MPa)
P
(mW)
Min. of [Pα(zs), Ita, α
(zs)x1cm2]
zs
zbp
5.09
5.69
5.11
5.03
5.09
1.28
2.24
2.24
0.49
1.28
0.42
0.42
0.42
0.42
0.42
2D P1:1.21
Col P1:3.78
PD P1x1:19.0
1.00
0.94
(cm)
(cm)
(MHz)
5.03
X (cm)
(µsec)
0.28
67.7*
prr
(pulses/sec)
6.43*
2.97
Pr at max. Ipi
(MPa)
2.97
deq at max. Ipi
(cm)
deq at max. Ipi
(cm)
Focal Length
Control 1
Control 2
(W/cm2)
500
FLx (cm)
9.00
9.00
FLy (cm)
2.50
2.50
Ipa, α at max. MI
Focal Length
Control 1
MI
TIS_as
Control 3
Control 4
Control 5
Control 1: 2D Mode, 2D: 5.1MHz, Focus: 2.0cm, FR: 67.7Hz
Control 2: 2D Mode, 2D: 5.1MHz, Focus: 2.0cm, FR: 219.7Hz
Control 3: 2D + M Mode, 2D: 6.8MHz, M: 6.8MHz, Focus: 9.0cm, FR: 20.8Hz
Control 4: 2D + M Mode, 2D: 5.1MHz, M: 5.1MHz, Focus: 9.0cm, FR: 20.8Hz
Control 5: 2D + M Mode, 2D: 5.1MHz, M: 5.1MHz, Focus: 2.0cm, FR: 55.6Hz
TIC_as
TIS_as_U
Operating
Control
Conditions
Control 2
Control 3
Control 4
Control 5
TIS_bs
TIB_bs
(W/cm2)
1.12
0.96
PD P:10.9
2D P:0.82
Col P:5.40
PD P:10.9
0.17
(MPa)
Ipa, α at max. MI
TIC
0.81
1.43
Y (cm)
Other
Information
PD P1x1:19.4
(cm)
(pulses/sec)
0.15
Aaprt>1
0.33**
non–scan
2.31
Pr at max. Ipi
prr
Aaprt≤1
0.53
12.3
deq(zb)
td
0.63
TIB
non–scan
(cm)
(cm)
Dim of Aaprt
scan
(mW)
zb
z_at_max_Ipi, α
fawf
0.16
(cm)
(MHz)
non–scan
1.03
Maximum Index Value
TIC
2.31
2.71
fawf
Operating
Control
Conditions
0.49
Aaprt≤1
0.12
(mW)
deq(zb)
Other
Information
scan
TIB
non–scan
M.I.
2D:5.00
Col:4.77
PD:5.70
5.71
5.71
4.72
2D:5.52
Col:5.65
PD:4.72
2D:2.24
Col:2.13
PD:1.37
1.86
0.74
0.25
2D:2.24
Col:1.01
PD:0.25
0.42
0.42
0.42
0.42
0.42
0.17
500
FLx (cm)
7.50
3.00
FLy (cm)
2.50
2.50
MI
TIS_as
TIS_as_U
TIS_bs
TIB_bs
Control 6
Control 1: Triple Mode, 2D: 5.1MHz, Col: 4.7MHz, PD: 5.6MHz, Focus: 2.0cm, FR: 6.43Hz, PD Scale: 1.75kHz, SV Size: 2mm
Control 2: Triple Mode, 2D: 5.1MHz, Col: 4.7MHz, PD: 5.6MHz, Focus: 5.5cm, FR: 4.6Hz, PD Scale: 1.25kHz, SV Size: 2mm
Control 3: Triple Mode, 2D: 5.1MHz, Col: 4.7MHz, PD: 5.6MHz, Focus: 7.5cm, FR: 3.68Hz, PD Scale: 1.0kHz, SV Size: 2mm
Control 4: Triple Mode, 2D: 8.8MHz, Col: 4.7MHz, PD: 5.6MHz, Focus: 3.0cm, FR: 5.51Hz, PD Scale: 1.5kHz, SV Size: 2mm
Control 5: Triple Mode, 2D: 5.1MHz, Col: 5.6MHz, PD: 4.7MHz, Focus: 1.0cm, FR: 6.43Hz, PD Scale: 1.75kHz, SV Size: 2mm
Control 6: Triple Mode, 2D: 6.8MHz, Col: 5.6MHz, PD: 4.7MHz, Focus: 1.0cm, FR: 6.43Hz, PD Scale: 1.75kHz, SV Size: 2mm
TIC_as
Reference Manual 143
CF4-9: Pulsed Doppler & 2D + Pulsed Doppler
L5-13
TIS
Index Label
M.I.
0.99
Maximum Index Value
Pr, α
Associated
Acoustic
Parameters
Aaprt>1
0.44**
2D P1:4.17
PD P1x1:33.5
PD P1x1:17.1
PD P:24.3
(mW)
19.6
zs
(cm)
1.64
1.64
zbp
(cm)
(cm)
z_at_max_Ipi, α
(cm)
deq(zb)
(cm)
(MHz)
1.43
5.03
X (cm)
36.5*
Pr at max. Ipi
(MPa)
2.86
deq at max. Ipi
(cm)
Focal Length
Control 1
Control 2
Control 3
Control 4
(W/cm2)
TIS
2D:6.23
PD:4.73
4.71
4.71
4.72
2D:5.03
PD:4.72
2D:2.24
PD:1.37
2.24
2.24
0.74
2D:2.24
PD:0.25
0.42
0.42
0.42
Associated
Acoustic
Parameters
9.00
9.00
FLy (cm)
2.50
2.50
M P1x1:16.8
(mW)
(mW)
8.24
(cm)
1.59
1.59
zbp
(cm)
zb
(cm)
z_at_max_Ipi, α
(cm)
Dim of Aaprt
Y (cm)
(µsec)
0.45
(pulses/sec)
47.6*
(MPa)
4.82
deq at max. Ipi
(cm)
Focal Length
(b)
M P:5.82
(b)
0.17
5.23
X (cm)
(W/cm2)
0.42+
1.57
Pr at max. Ipi
Ipa, α at max. MI
6.48
6.50
6.50
5.43
(b)
2.55
2.22
2.22
0.75
(b)
0.40
0.40
0.40
0.40
(b)
0.17
663
FLx (cm)
6.50
6.50
FLy (cm)
2.00
2.00
TIS_as_U
TIS_bs
MI
Control 1
TIS_as
TIS_as_U
Operating
Control
Conditions
TIS_bs
TIB_bs
Control 5
Control 1: 2D + Pulsed Doppler Mode, 2D: 5.1MHz, PD: 5.6MHz, Focus: 2.0cm, FR: 36.5Hz, PD Scale: 1.75kHz, SV Size: 2mm
Control 2: 2D + Pulsed Doppler Mode, 2D: 8.8MHz, PD: 4.7MHz, Focus: 5.5cm, FR: 26.0Hz, PD Scale: 1.25kHz, SV Size: 2mm
Control 3: Pulsed Doppler Mode, PD: 4.7MHz, Focus: 9.0cm, PD Scale: 1.0kHz, SV Size: 5mm
Control 4: Pulsed Doppler Mode, PD: 4.7MHz, Focus: 3.0cm, PD Scale: 3.25kHz, SV Size: 5mm
Control 5: 2D + Pulsed Doppler Mode, 2D: 5.1MHz, PD: 4.7MHz, Focus: 1.0cm, FR: 54.7Hz, PD Scale: 1.75kHz, SV Size: 2mm
TIC_as
Control 2
Control 3
TIC
1.57
(cm)
(MHz)
non–scan
3.81
Min. of [Pα(zs), Ita, α
(zs)x1cm2]
prr
FLx (cm)
2D P1:71.0
Aaprt>1
0.25**
P
fawf
Other
Information
2.19
Aaprt≤1
0.52
(MPa)
td
409
1.66
scan
TIB
non–scan
Pr, α
deq(zb)
0.42
0.20
M.I.
Maximum Index Value
zs
-
0.42
Y (cm)
(pulses/sec)
Ipa, α at max. MI
2D P:10.2
PD P:11.1
0.27
0.29
prr
L5-13: 2D & 2D + M mode
1.00
1.00
(µsec)
td
1.44
Index Label
(mW)
zb
TIC
non–scan
2.23
Min. of [Pα(zs), Ita, α
(zs)x1cm2]
Dim of Aaprt
Operating
Control
Conditions
0.51
non–scan
Aaprt≤1
0.75
P
fawf
Other
Information
(MPa)
scan
TIB
MI
TIS_as
Control 4
Control 1: 2D (Harmonic) Mode, 2D: 5.1MHz, Focus: 2.2cm, FR: 47.6Hz
Control 2: 2D (Harmonic) Mode, 2D: 6.4MHz, Focus: 3.7cm, FR: 136.8Hz
Control 3: 2D+M (Harmonic) Mode, 2D: 6.4MHz, M: 6.4MHz, Focus: 6.5cm, FR: 20.8Hz
Control 4: 2D+M (Harmonic) Mode, 2D: 5.5MHz, M: 5.5MHz, Focus: 2.2cm, FR: 41.7Hz
TIB_bs
Reference Manual 144
L5-13: 2D + Color, Triple, CPA & Triple CPA
L5-13: Pulsed Doppler & 2D + Pulsed Doppler
TIS
Index Label
M.I.
1.66
Maximum Index Value
Pr, α
(MPa)
P
(mW)
Min. of [Pα(zs), Ita, α
(zs)x1cm2]
Associated
Acoustic
Parameters
Aaprt≤1
2.21
Aaprt>1
1.18**
2D P1:5.10
Col P1:12.3
PD P1x1:69.7
PD P1x1:69.7
(cm)
1.36
zbp
(cm)
1.36
zb
(cm)
z_at_max_Ipi, α
(cm)
deq(zb)
(cm)
prr
Pr at max. Ipi
deq at max. Ipi
Ipa, α at max. MI
Focal Length
Control 1
Control 2
Control 3
Control 4
(b)
Index Label
(b)
Associated
Acoustic
Parameters
0.31
6.25
(µsec)
0.19
(pulses/sec)
8.53*
(MPa)
5.27
6.67
2D:3.80
Col:2.81
PD:1.62
1.62
0.40
0.40
6.67
6.14
(MPa)
P
(mW)
Min. of [Pα(zs), Ita, α
(zs)x1cm2]
1.11
0.40
0.31
FLx (cm)
6.50
6.50
2.00
2.00
1.36
(cm)
1.36
zb
(cm)
z_at_max_Ipi, α
(cm)
deq(zb)
(cm)
TIS_as
TIS_bs
TIB_bs
Control 1: Triple Mode, 2D: 12.3MHz, Col: 6.1MHz, PD: 6.1MHz, Focus: 2.2cm, FR: 8.5Hz, PD Scale: 2.5kHz, SV Size: 0.5mm
Control 2: Triple Mode, 2D: 7.6MHz, Col: 6.8MHz, PD: 6.8MHz, Focus: 6.5cm, FR: 5.1Hz, PD Scale: 1.5kHz, SV Size: 1mm
Control 3: Triple Mode, 2D: 12.3MHz, Col: 6.1MHz, PD: 6.8MHz, Focus: 6.5cm, FR: 5.1Hz, PD Scale: 1.5kHz, SV Size: 1mm
Control 4: Triple Mode, 2D: 10.0MHz, Col: 6.1MHz, PD: 6.1MHz, Focus: 4.5cm, FR: 6.0Hz, PD Scale: 1.75kHz, SV Size: 0.5mm
Y (cm)
(µsec)
0.16
31.3*
5.80
deq at max. Ipi
(cm)
Control 3
Control 4
TIS_as_U
7.52
(MPa)
Control 2
(b)
PD P:95.6
(b)
0.41
X (cm)
(W/cm2)
2.96
1.36
(pulses/sec)
Control 1
MI
(MHz)
TIC
1.15
Pr at max. Ipi
Focal Length
Operating
Control
Conditions
PD P1x1:91.6
(cm)
prr
512
FLy (cm)
2D P1:17.0
PD P1x1:59.3
zbp
Ipa, α at max. MI
(cm)
Aaprt>1
1.57**
53.4
(b)
Other
Information
Aaprt≤1
2.88
non–scan
4.43
(b)
(b)
2.41
TIB
non–scan
(mW)
td
0.40
scan
zs
Dim of Aaprt
1.62
1.62
Pr, α
fawf
2D:6.32
Col:6.64
PD:6.67
M.I.
Maximum Index Value
1.63
X (cm)
(W/cm2)
TIS
TIC
1.13
Y (cm)
td
2.07+
PD P:46.5
zs
(MHz)
non–scan
4.16
37.2
Dim of Aaprt
Operating
Control
Conditions
2.76
TIB
non–scan
(mW)
fawf
Other
Information
scan
2D:6.46
PD:6.67
6.61
6.18
6.18
(b)
2D:3.80
PD:1.62
1.62
1.62
1.62
(b)
0.40
0.40
0.40
0.40
(b)
0.39
793
FLx (cm)
6.50
6.50
FLy (cm)
2.00
2.00
MI
TIS_as
TIS_as_U
TIS_bs
TIB_bs
Control 1: 2D + Pulsed Doppler Mode, 2D: 12.3MHz, PD: 6.1MHz, Focus: 1.5cm, FR: 31.3Hz, PD Scale: 3.0kHz, SV Size: 0.5mm
Control 2: 2D + Pulsed Doppler Mode, 2D: 7.6MHz, PD: 6.8MHz, Focus: 6.5cm, FR: 15.6Hz, PD Scale: 1.5kHz, SV Size: 1mm
Control 3: Pulsed Doppler Mode, PD: 6.8MHz, Focus: 6.5cm, PD Scale: 1.0kHz, SV Size: 1mm
Control 4: Pulsed Doppler Mode, PD: 6.1MHz, Focus: 6.5cm, PD Scale: 3.5kHz, SV Size: 0.5mm
Reference Manual 145
ER4-9: 2D + Color, Triple, CPA & Triple CPA
ER4-9
TIS
Index Label
ER4-9: 2D & 2D + M mode
TIS
Index Label
M.I.
1.32
Maximum Index Value
Associated
Acoustic
Parameters
0.65
Aaprt≤1
0.10**
Aaprt>1
0.06
(MPa)
P
(mW)
Min. of [Pα(zs), Ita, α
(zs)x1cm2]
(mW)
2.67
zs
(cm)
1.95
zbp
(cm)
1.95
zb
(cm)
z_at_max_Ipi, α
(cm)
deq(zb)
(cm)
Dim of Aaprt
non–scan
0.18+
2D P1:26.6
M P1x1:3.97
M P:3.02
(b)
(b)
Associated
Acoustic
Parameters
1.91
1.38
Pr, α
(MPa)
P
(mW)
Min. of [Pα(zs), Ita, α
(zs)x1cm2]
5.03
5.15
5.06
5.06
4.62
(b)
2.21
2.21
0.61
(b)
Y (cm)
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
(b)
(cm)
zbp
(cm)
1.22
zb
(cm)
z_at_max_Ipi, α
(cm)
deq(zb)
(cm)
(MHz)
td
4.83
Y (cm)
(µsec)
0.28
prr
(pulses/sec)
6.43*
(MPa)
4.16
Pr at max. Ipi
(MPa)
3.62
deq at max. Ipi
(cm)
deq at max. Ipi
(cm)
Focal Length
(W/cm2)
373
FLx (cm)
9.00
9.00
FLy (cm)
2.30
2.30
Focal Length
Control 1
Control 1
Control 2
MI
Operating
Control
Conditions
TIS_as
Control 3
Control 4
Control 1: 2D Mode, 2D: 6.1MHz, Focus: 1.5cm, FR: 110.8Hz
Control 2: 2D Mode, 2D: 6.1MHz, Focus: 1.5cm, FR: 460.7Hz
Control 3: 2D + M Mode, 2D: 6.1MHz, M: 6.1MHz, Focus: 9.0cm, FR: 31.3Hz
Control 4: 2D + M Mode, 2D: 4.7MHz, M: 4.7MHz, Focus: 2.5cm, FR: 71.4Hz
TIS_as_U
TIS_bs
TIB_bs
Control 2
Control 3
Control 4
Control 5
1.23
(b)
PD P:17.2
(b)
0.19
X (cm)
(W/cm2)
TIC
1.63
Pr at max. Ipi
Ipa, α at max. MI
non–scan
1.88
0.25
Ipa, α at max. MI
PD P1x1:19.8
13.3
111*
0.20
Aaprt>1
0.30**
1.22
Dim of Aaprt
Other
Information
Aaprt≤1
0.44
(mW)
(µsec)
prr
Operating
Control
Conditions
2D P1:2.39
Col P1:25.7
(pulses/sec)
td
0.67
TIB
non–scan
zs
fawf
1.02
scan
3.15
0.21
X (cm)
(MHz)
1.43
Maximum Index Value
TIC
2.96
Pr, α
fawf
Other
Information
scan
TIB
non–scan
M.I.
2D:5.46
Col:4.99
4.71
4.70
4.70
(b)
2D:2.62
Col:1.25
1.11
0.86
0.37
(b)
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
(b)
0.18
397
FLx (cm)
4.50
3.50
FLy (cm)
2.30
2.30
MI
TIS_as
TIS_as_U
TIS_bs
TIB_bs
Control 1: Triple Mode, 2D: 6.1MHz, Col: 3.8MHz, PD: 4.7MHz, Focus: 2.5cm, FR: 6.43Hz, PD Scale: 1.75kHz, SV Size: 2mm
Control 2: 2D + Color Mode, 2D: 7.7MHz, Col: 5.1MHz, Focus: 1.5cm, FR: 26.6Hz
Control 3: Triple Mode, 2D: 7.7MHz, Col: 3.8MHz, PD: 4.7MHz, Focus: 4.5cm, FR: 4.6Hz, PD Scale: 1.25kHz, SV Size: 2mm
Control 4: Triple Mode, 2D: 7.7MHz, Col: 3.8MHz, PD: 4.7MHz, Focus: 3.5cm, FR: 5.51Hz, PD Scale: 1.5kHz, SV Size: 2mm
Control 5: Triple Mode, 2D: 6.1MHz, Col: 3.8MHz, PD: 4.7MHz, Focus: 1.5cm, FR: 6.43Hz, PD Scale: 1.75kHz, SV Size: 2mm
Reference Manual 146
ER4-9: Pulsed Doppler & 2D + Pulsed Doppler
EVN4-9
TIS
Index Label
M.I.
1.16
Maximum Index Value
Pr, α
Associated
Acoustic
Parameters
Aaprt>1
0.39**
2D P1:6.28
PD P1x1:13.0
PD P1x1:27.3
PD P:19.7
(mW)
17.4
zs
(cm)
1.38
zbp
(cm)
1.38
zb
(cm)
z_at_max_Ipi, α
(cm)
deq(zb)
(cm)
4.98
X (cm)
54.7*
Pr at max. Ipi
(MPa)
3.53
deq at max. Ipi
(cm)
Focal Length
Control 1
Control 2
Control 3
Control 4
Control 5
4.71
4.71
4.71
(b)
2D:2.62
PD:1.35
1.35
1.11
0.37
(b)
0.60
0.60
(mW)
(mW)
2.67
(cm)
1.95
1.95
zbp
(cm)
zb
(cm)
z_at_max_Ipi, α
(cm)
Dim of Aaprt
FLx (cm)
5.50
4.50
FLy (cm)
2.30
2.30
Other
Information
M P1x1:3.97
Y (cm)
(µsec)
0.25
(pulses/sec)
111*
(MPa)
3.62
deq at max. Ipi
(cm)
Focal Length
(b)
M P:3.02
(b)
0.21
5.03
X (cm)
(W/cm2)
0.18+
1.91
Pr at max. Ipi
Ipa, α at max. MI
5.15
5.06
5.06
4.62
(b)
1.02
2.21
2.21
0.61
(b)
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
(b)
0.20
373
FLx (cm)
9.00
9.00
FLy (cm)
2.30
2.30
TIS_as_U
TIS_bs
MI
Control 1
TIS_as
Operating
Control
Conditions
TIS_as_U
TIS_bs
TIB_bs
Control 1: 2D + Pulsed Doppler Mode, 2D: 6.1MHz, PD: 4.7MHz, Focus: 2.5cm, FR: 54.7Hz, PD Scale: 1.75kHz, SV Size: 2mm
Control 2: 2D + Pulsed Doppler Mode, 2D: 6.1MHz, PD: 4.7MHz, Focus: 5.5cm, FR: 39.1Hz, PD Scale: 1.25kHz, SV Size: 2mm
Control 3: Pulsed Doppler Mode, PD: 4.7MHz, Focus: 5.5cm, PD Scale: 2.75kHz, SV Size: 2mm
Control 4: Pulsed Doppler Mode, PD: 4.7MHz, Focus: 4.5cm, PD Scale: 3.00kHz, SV Size: 2mm
Control 5: Pulsed Doppler Mode, PD: 4.7MHz, Focus: 1.5cm, PD Scale: 4.00kHz, SV Size: 2mm
Control 2
TIC
1.38
(cm)
(MHz)
non–scan
2.96
Min. of [Pα(zs), Ita, α
(zs)x1cm2]
prr
301
2D P1:26.6
Aaprt>1
0.06
P
fawf
(b)
0.65
Aaprt≤1
0.10**
(MPa)
td
0.19
1.32
scan
TIB
non–scan
Pr, α
deq(zb)
0.60
M.I.
Maximum Index Value
Associated
Acoustic
Parameters
2D:5.13
PD:4.71
0.60
Y (cm)
(W/cm2)
TIS
zs
0.20
(pulses/sec)
Ipa, α at max. MI
(b)
2.00
0.27
prr
EVN4-9: 2D & 2D + M mode
(b)
1.47
(µsec)
td
1.37
TIC
Index Label
(mW)
(MHz)
non–scan
2.60
Min. of [Pα(zs), Ita, α
(zs)x1cm2]
Dim of Aaprt
Operating
Control
Conditions
0.44
non–scan
Aaprt≤1
0.61
P
fawf
Other
Information
(MPa)
scan
TIB
MI
TIS_as
Control 3
Control 4
Control 1: 2D Mode, 2D: 6.1MHz, Focus: 1.5cm, FR: 110.8Hz
Control 2: 2D Mode, 2D: 6.1MHz, Focus: 1.5cm, FR: 460.7Hz
Control 3: 2D + M Mode, 2D: 6.1MHz, M: 6.1MHz, Focus: 9.0cm, FR:31.3Hz
Control 4: 2D + M Mode, 2D: 4.7MHz, M: 4.7MHz, Focus: 2.5cm, FR:71.4Hz
TIB_bs
Reference Manual 147
EVN4-9: 2D + Color, Triple, CPA & Triple CPA
EVN4-9: Pulsed Doppler & 2D + Pulsed Doppler
TIS
Index Label
M.I.
1.43
Maximum Index Value
Pr, α
(MPa)
P
(mW)
Min. of [Pα(zs), Ita, α
(zs)x1cm2]
Associated
Acoustic
Parameters
Aaprt≤1
0.44
Aaprt>1
0.30**
non–scan
1.23
TIS
TIC
(b)
Index Label
PD P1x1:19.8
PD P:17.2
1.16
Maximum Index Value
3.15
2D P1:2.39
Col P1:25.7
M.I.
(b)
Pr, α
(MPa)
P
(mW)
scan
0.44
TIB
non–scan
Aaprt≤1
0.61
Aaprt>1
0.39**
2D P1:6.28
PD P1x1:13.0
PD P1x1:27.3
(mW)
13.3
(mW)
17.4
(cm)
1.22
zs
(cm)
1.38
zbp
(cm)
1.22
zbp
(cm)
1.38
zb
(cm)
zb
(cm)
z_at_max_Ipi, α
(cm)
z_at_max_Ipi, α
(cm)
deq(zb)
(cm)
deq(zb)
(cm)
td
(MHz)
Associated
Acoustic
Parameters
1.63
1.88
0.19
4.83
X (cm)
Y (cm)
(µsec)
0.28
2D:5.46
Col:4.99
4.71
4.70
4.70
(b)
2D:2.62
Col:1.25
1.11
0.86
0.37
(b)
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
(b)
fawf
Dim of Aaprt
td
(MHz)
4.98
X (cm)
Y (cm)
(µsec)
0.27
6.43*
prr
(pulses/sec)
54.7*
4.16
Pr at max. Ipi
(MPa)
3.53
deq at max. Ipi
(cm)
deq at max. Ipi
(cm)
Ipa, α at max. MI
Focal Length
Control 1
Control 2
Control 3
Control 4
Control 5
(W/cm2)
397
Ipa, α at max. MI
FLx (cm)
4.50
3.50
FLy (cm)
2.30
2.30
Focal Length
MI
Control 1
TIS_as
Operating
Control
Conditions
TIS_as_U
TIS_bs
TIB_bs
Control 1: Triple Mode, 2D: 6.1MHz, Col: 3.8MHz, PD: 4.7MHz, Focus: 2.5cm, FR: 6.43Hz, PD Scale: 1.75kHz, SV Size: 2mm
Control 2: 2D + Color Mode, 2D: 7.7MHz, Col: 5.1MHz, Focus: 1.5cm, FR: 26.6Hz
Control 3: Triple Mode, 2D: 7.7MHz, Col: 3.8MHz, PD: 4.7MHz, Focus: 4.5cm, FR: 4.6Hz, PD Scale: 1.25kHz, SV Size: 2mm
Control 4: Triple Mode, 2D: 7.7MHz, Col: 3.8MHz, PD: 4.7MHz, Focus: 3.5cm, FR: 5.51Hz, PD Scale: 1.5kHz, SV Size: 2mm
Control 5: Triple Mode, 2D: 6.1MHz, Col: 3.8MHz, PD: 4.7MHz, Focus: 1.5cm, FR: 6.43Hz, PD Scale: 1.75kHz, SV Size: 2mm
Control 2
Control 3
Control 4
Control 5
(W/cm2)
(b)
PD P:19.7
(b)
0.20
(MPa)
Other
Information
1.37
1.47
(pulses/sec)
0.18
TIC
2.00
Pr at max. Ipi
prr
non–scan
2.60
zs
Dim of Aaprt
Operating
Control
Conditions
0.67
TIB
non–scan
Min. of [Pα(zs), Ita, α
(zs)x1cm2]
fawf
Other
Information
scan
2D:5.13
PD:4.71
4.71
4.71
4.71
(b)
2D:2.62
PD:1.35
1.35
1.11
0.37
(b)
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
(b)
0.19
301
FLx (cm)
5.50
4.50
FLy (cm)
2.30
2.30
MI
TIS_as
TIS_as_U
TIS_bs
TIB_bs
Control 1: 2D + Pulsed Doppler Mode, 2D: 6.1MHz, PD: 4.7MHz, Focus: 2.5cm, FR: 54.7Hz, PD Scale: 1.75kHz, SV Size: 2mm
Control 2: 2D + Pulsed Doppler Mode, 2D: 6.1MHz, PD: 4.7MHz, Focus: 5.5cm, FR: 39.1Hz, PD Scale: 1.25kHz, SV Size: 2mm
Control 3: Pulsed Doppler Mode, PD: 4.7MHz, Focus: 5.5cm, PD Scale: 2.75kHz, SV Size: 2mm
Control 4: Pulsed Doppler Mode, PD: 4.7MHz, Focus: 4.5cm, PD Scale: 3.00kHz, SV Size: 2mm
Control 5: Pulsed Doppler Mode, PD: 4.7MHz, Focus: 1.5cm, PD Scale: 4.00kHz, SV Size: 2mm
Reference Manual 148
VE4-8: 2D + Color, Triple, CPA & Triple CPA
VE4-8
TIS
Index Label
VE4-8: 2D & 2D + M mode
TIS
Index Label
M.I.
1.25
Maximum Index Value
Associated
Acoustic
Parameters
Pr, α
(MPa)
P
(mW)
Min. of [Pα(zs), Ita, α
(zs)x1cm2]
zs
zbp
Other
Information
Pr at max. Ipi
deq at max. Ipi
Ipa, α at max. MI
Focal Length
M P1x1:8.77
(MHz)
(b)
(b)
15.2
Associated
Acoustic
Parameters
3.29
3.73
3.18
Y (cm)
(µsec)
0.42
(pulses/sec)
53.9*
(MPa)
3.25
2D:2.94
2D Inv:2.96
2.94
2.93
2.77
(b)
2D:1.61
2D Inv:1.61
0.83
4.35
1.20
(b)
1.10
1.10
1.10
1.10
(b)
3.50
17.5
6.40
6.40
(mW)
Min. of [Pα(zs), Ita, α
(zs)x1cm2]
Operating
Control
Conditions
Control 2
Control 3
Control 4
Control 5
Control 1: 2D Mode, 2D: 4.1MHz, Focus: 5.0cm, FR: 53.9Hz
Control 2: 2D (Pulsed Inversion) Mode, 2D: 5.8MHz, Focus: 2.0cm, FR: 168.2Hz
Control 3: 2D + M Mode, 2D: 2.9MHz, M: 2.9MHz, Focus: 3.5cm, FR: 55.6Hz
Control 4: 2D + M Mode, 2D: 2.9MHz, M: 2.9MHz, Focus: 17.5cm, FR:12.5Hz
Control 5: 2D + M Mode, 2D: 2.6MHz, M: 2.6MHz, Focus: 5.0cm, FR: 41.7Hz
TIS_as_U
TIS_bs
TIB_bs
Aaprt>1
0.39
2D P1:4.52
Col P1:48.6
PD P1x1:32.3
(cm)
zbp
(cm)
3.37
zb
(cm)
z_at_max_Ipi, α
(cm)
deq(zb)
(cm)
(MHz)
2.72
Y (cm)
(µsec)
0.70
4.83*
(MPa)
2.79
deq at max. Ipi
(cm)
Control 4
Control 5
(b)
PD P:37.1
(b)
0.29
(pulses/sec)
Control 3
1.43
3.49
Pr at max. Ipi
Control 2
TIC
3.29
X (cm)
(W/cm2)
non–scan
2.12
27.6
Ipa, α at max. MI
Operating
Control
Conditions
TIS_as
Aaprt≤1
0.46
3.37
Focal Length
MI
0.77
TIB
non–scan
(mW)
Control 1
Control 1
scan
zs
prr
0.29
FLx (cm)
P
td
270
FLy (cm)
(MPa)
Dim of Aaprt
Other
Information
(cm)
Pr, α
fawf
0.30
X (cm)
(W/cm2)
0.41+
M P:10.4
3.70
(cm)
prr
2D P1:23.9
2D Inv P1:23.9
3.70
(cm)
non–scan
1.29
Maximum Index Value
TIC
2.23
(cm)
deq(zb)
td
Aaprt>1
0.21
(cm)
(cm)
Dim of Aaprt
0.67
Aaprt≤1
0.12
(mW)
zb
z_at_max_Ipi, α
fawf
scan
TIB
non–scan
M.I.
2D:3.69
Col:3.00
2.98
2.98
2.97
(b)
2D:1.59
Col:1.32
0.83
3.60
1.20
(b)
1.10
1.10
1.10
1.10
(b)
0.27
415
FLx (cm)
3.50
14.5
FLy (cm)
6.40
6.40
MI
TIS_as
TIS_as_U
TIS_bs
TIB_bs
Control 1: Triple (Harmonic) Mode, 2D: 2.6MHz, Col: 2.8MHz, PD: 2.8MHz, Focus: 5.0cm, FR: 4.83Hz, PD Scale: 1.25kHz, SV Size: 0.5mm
Control 2: 2D + Color Mode, 2D: 4.1MHz, Col: 3.0MHz, Focus: 2.0cm, FR: 46.6Hz
Control 3: Triple Mode, 2D: 6.8MHz, Col: 2.8MHz, PD: 3.0MHz, Focus: 3.5cm, FR: 5.79Hz, PD Scale: 1.5kHz, SV Size: 0.5mm
Control 4: Triple Mode, 2D: 6.8MHz, Col: 2.8MHz, PD: 3.0MHz, Focus: 14.5cm, FR: 3.86Hz, PD Scale: 1.0kHz, SV Size: 0.5mm
Control 5: Triple Mode, 2D: 6.8MHz, Col: 2.8MHz, PD: 3.0MHz, Focus: 5.0cm, FR: 4.83Hz, PD Scale: 1.25kHz, SV Size: 0.5mm
Reference Manual 149
VE4-8: Pulsed Doppler & 2D + Pulsed Doppler
3D2-6
TIS
Index Label
M.I.
1.06
Maximum Index Value
Pr, α
Associated
Acoustic
Parameters
Aaprt>1
0.72
2D P1:3.50
PD P1x1:36.5
PD P1x1:49.6
PD P:56.5
(mW)
50.9
zs
(cm)
3.37
zbp
(cm)
3.37
zb
(cm)
z_at_max_Ipi, α
(cm)
deq(zb)
(cm)
3.14
X (cm)
25.0*
Pr at max. Ipi
(MPa)
3.02
deq at max. Ipi
(cm)
Focal Length
Control 1
Control 2
Control 3
Control 4
Control 5
2.96
2.96
2.76
(b)
2D:4.80
PD:0.83
0.83
3.60
1.20
(b)
1.10
1.10
(mW)
(mW)
16.1
(cm)
4.80
4.02
zbp
(cm)
zb
(cm)
z_at_max_Ipi, α
(cm)
Dim of Aaprt
FLx (cm)
3.50
14.5
FLy (cm)
6.40
6.40
Other
Information
M P1x1:10.5
Y (cm)
(µsec)
0.51
(pulses/sec)
53.9*
(MPa)
2.38
deq at max. Ipi
(cm)
Focal Length
(b)
M P:11.3
(b)
0.45
2.38
X (cm)
(W/cm2)
0.42+
1.82
Pr at max. Ipi
Ipa, α at max. MI
TIC
3.46
(cm)
(MHz)
non–scan
1.91
Min. of [Pα(zs), Ita, α
(zs)x1cm2]
prr
202
2D P1:50.5
Aaprt>1
0.18
P
fawf
(b)
0.60
Aaprt≤1
0.12**
(MPa)
td
0.28
1.24
scan
TIB
non–scan
Pr, α
deq(zb)
1.10
M.I.
Maximum Index Value
Associated
Acoustic
Parameters
2D:3.86
PD:2.97
1.10
Y (cm)
(W/cm2)
TIS
zs
0.29
(pulses/sec)
Ipa, α at max. MI
(b)
4.70
0.43
prr
3D2-6: 2D & 2D + M mode
(b)
3.29
(µsec)
td
2.34
TIC
Index Label
(mW)
(MHz)
non–scan
1.88
Min. of [Pα(zs), Ita, α
(zs)x1cm2]
Dim of Aaprt
Operating
Control
Conditions
0.58
non–scan
Aaprt≤1
0.70
P
fawf
Other
Information
(MPa)
scan
TIB
2.49
2.48
2.39
2.48
(b)
2.24
0.83
4.33
0.83
(b)
1.30
1.30
1.30
1.30
(b)
0.44
181
FLx (cm)
3.50
17.5
FLy (cm)
8.00
8.00
MI
Control 1
TIS_as
Operating
Control
Conditions
TIS_as_U
TIS_bs
TIB_bs
Control 1: 2D + Pulsed Doppler Mode, 2D: 4.1MHz, PD: 3.0MHz, Focus: 6.5cm, FR: 25.0Hz, PD Scale: 1.0kHz, SV Size: 0.5mm
Control 2: 2D + Pulsed Doppler Mode, 2D: 6.8MHz, PD: 3.0MHz, Focus: 3.5cm, FR: 37.5Hz, PD Scale: 1.5kHz, SV Size: 0.5mm
Control 3: Pulsed Doppler Mode, PD: 3.0MHz, Focus: 3.5cm, PD Scale: 3.25kHz, SV Size: 7.5mm
Control 4: Pulsed Doppler Mode, PD: 3.0MHz, Focus: 14.5cm, PD Scale: 1.75kHz, SV Size: 7.5mm
Control 5: Pulsed Doppler Mode, PD: 2.8MHz, Focus: 5.0cm, PD Scale: 2.75kHz, SV Size: 7.5mm
Control 2
MI
TIS_as
Control 3
Control 4
Control 1: 2D Mode, 2D: 2.9MHz, Focus: 5.0cm, FR: 53.9Hz
Control 2: 2D (Harmonic) Mode, 2D: 2.5MHz, Focus: 3.5cm, FR: 298.6Hz
Control 3: 2D + M (Harmonic) Mode, 2D: 2.5MHz, M: 2.5MHz, Focus: 3.5cm, FR: 55.6Hz
Control 4: 2D + M (Harmonic) Mode, 2D: 2.5MHz, M: 2.5MHz, Focus: 17.5cm, FR: 12.5Hz
TIS_as_U
TIB_bs
TIS_bs
Reference Manual 150
3D2-6: 2D + Color, Triple, CPA & Triple CPA
3D2-6: Pulsed Doppler & 2D + Pulsed Doppler
TIS
Index Label
M.I.
1.29
Maximum Index Value
Pr, α
(MPa)
P
(mW)
Min. of [Pα(zs), Ita, α
(zs)x1cm2]
Associated
Acoustic
Parameters
Aaprt≤1
0.38**
Aaprt>1
0.36
non–scan
1.26
TIS
TIC
(b)
Index Label
PD P1x1:32.1
PD P:34.7
1.12
Maximum Index Value
2.03
2D P1:4.19
Col P1:50.0
M.I.
(b)
Pr, α
(MPa)
P
(mW)
scan
0.50
TIB
non–scan
Aaprt≤1
0.66**
Aaprt>1
0.61
2D P1:2.15
PD P1x1:35.7
PD P1x1:55.6
(mW)
30.7
(mW)
51.3
(cm)
2.81
zs
(cm)
2.81
zbp
(cm)
2.81
zbp
(cm)
2.81
zb
(cm)
zb
(cm)
z_at_max_Ipi, α
(cm)
z_at_max_Ipi, α
(cm)
deq(zb)
(cm)
deq(zb)
(cm)
td
(MHz)
Associated
Acoustic
Parameters
2.02
2.02
0.44
2.46
X (cm)
Y (cm)
(µsec)
0.76
2D:2.51
Col:2.71
2.48
2.46
2.48
(b)
2D:1.85
Col:1.51
0.83
2.12
0.83
(b)
1.30
1.30
1.30
1.30
(b)
fawf
Dim of Aaprt
td
(MHz)
(pulses/sec)
1000
prr
2.23
Pr at max. Ipi
(MPa)
deq at max. Ipi
(cm)
deq at max. Ipi
(cm)
Ipa, α at max. MI
Focal Length
Control 1
Control 2
Control 3
Control 4
(W/cm2)
0.44
212
Other
Information
Ipa, α at max. MI
FLx (cm)
3.50
8.50
FLy (cm)
8.00
8.00
Focal Length
MI
Control 1
TIS_as
TIS_as_U
TIB_bs
TIS_bs
Control 1: Triple (Harmonic) Mode, 2D: 2.5MHz, Col: 2.5MHz, PD: 2.5MHz, Focus: 3.5cm, FR: 5.51Hz, PD Scale: 1.5kHz, SV Size: 0.5mm
Control 2: 2D + Color Mode, 2D: 2.9MHz, Col: 2.8MHz Focus: 2.0cm, FR: 46.6Hz
Control 3: Triple Mode, 2D: 5.6MHz, Col: 2.8MHz, PD: 2.5MHz, Focus: 3.5cm, FR: 5.5Hz, PD Scale: 1.5kHz, SV Size: 0.5mm
Control 4: Triple Mode, 2D: 5.6MHz, Col: 2.5MHz, PD: 2.5MHz, Focus: 8.5cm, FR: 3.7Hz, PD Scale: 1.0kHz, SV Size: 0.5mm
Operating
Control
Conditions
Control 2
Control 3
Control 4
2.48
1.38
5.51*
(W/cm2)
(b)
PD P:60.0
(b)
0.44
(µsec)
(MPa)
2.25
1.82
Y (cm)
(pulses/sec)
prr
TIC
2.02
X (cm)
Pr at max. Ipi
non–scan
1.77
zs
Dim of Aaprt
Operating
Control
Conditions
0.70
TIB
non–scan
Min. of [Pα(zs), Ita, α
(zs)x1cm2]
fawf
Other
Information
scan
2D:3.30
PD:2.71
2.50
2.50
2.50
(b)
2D:5.90
PD:0.83
0.83
2.12
0.83
(b)
1.30
1.30
1.30
1.30
(b)
2.1
0.43
166
FLx (cm)
3.50
8.50
FLy (cm)
8.00
8.00
MI
TIS_as
TIS_as_U
TIB_bs
TIS_bs
Control 1: Pulsed Doppler Mode, PD: 2.5MHz, Focus: 3.5cm, PD Scale: 1.0kHz, SV Size: 0.5mm
Control 2: 2D + Pulsed Doppler Mode, 2D: 5.6MHz, PD: 2.8MHz, Focus: 3.5cm, FR: 37.5Hz, PD Scale: 1.5kHz, SV Size: 0.5mm
Control 3: Pulsed Doppler Mode, PD: 2.5MHz, Focus: 3.5cm, PD Scale: 3.25kHz, SV Size: 7.5mm
Control 4: Pulsed Doppler Mode, PD: 2.5MHz, Focus: 8.5cm, PD Scale: 2.25kHz, SV Size: 7.5mm
Reference Manual 151
3D4-9: 2D + Color, Triple, CPA & Triple CPA
3D4-9
TIS
Index Label
3D4-9: 2D & 2D + M mode
TIS
Index Label
M.I.
1.30
Maximum Index Value
Associated
Acoustic
Parameters
Pr, α
(MPa)
P
(mW)
Min. of [Pα(zs), Ita, α
(zs)x1cm2]
zs
zbp
M P1x1:3.34
(MHz)
0.19+
(b)
M P:3.21
(b)
2.40
0.94
(cm)
TIC
Associated
Acoustic
Parameters
1.51
1.58
4.37
Y (cm)
(µsec)
0.29
(MPa)
P
(mW)
Min. of [Pα(zs), Ita, α
(zs)x1cm2]
5.37
4.49
4.48
4.48
(b)
0.95
0.76
0.52
0.52
(b)
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
(b)
2D P1:2.25
Col P1:20.8
(cm)
0.82
(cm)
0.82
zb
(cm)
z_at_max_Ipi, α
(cm)
deq(zb)
(cm)
td
(MHz)
4.31
Y (cm)
(µsec)
0.30
prr
(pulses/sec)
6.76*
(MPa)
3.64
deq at max. Ipi
(cm)
deq at max. Ipi
(cm)
Control 1
Control 2
Control 3
FLx (cm)
3.50
2.50
FLy (cm)
3.50
3.50
Focal Length
MI
Control 1
TIS_as
TIS_as_U
Control 4
TIS_bs
TIB_bs
Operating
Control
Conditions
Control 2
Control 3
Control 4
Control 1: 2D+M Mode, 2D: 4.7MHz, M: 4.7MHz, Focus: 2.5cm, FR: 71.4Hz
Control 2: 2D Mode, 2D: 7.7MHz, Focus: 1.5cm, FR: 460.3Hz
Control 3: 2D+M (Harmonic) Mode, 2D: 4.4MHz, M: 4.4MHz, Focus: 3.5cm, FR: 62.5Hz
Control 4: 2D+M (Harmonic) Mode, 2D: 4.4MHz, M: 4.4MHz, Focus: 2.5cm, FR: 71.4Hz
0.88
(b)
PD P:13.7
(b)
0.25
X (cm)
(W/cm2)
TIC
0.93
Pr at max. Ipi
Ipa, α at max. MI
non–
scan
1.58
3.33
305
PD P1x1:14.9
zbp
71.4*
(W/cm2)
Aaprt>1
0.25**
10.3
(MPa)
Ipa, α at max. MI
Aaprt≤1
0.36
(mW)
Dim of Aaprt
Other
Information
0.54
TIB
non–scan
2.97
(pulses/sec)
0.22
scan
zs
fawf
0.23
X (cm)
Pr, α
Pr at max. Ipi
Focal Length
Operating
Control
Conditions
2D P1:20.6
1.43
Maximum Index Value
non–
scan
2.71
0.94
(cm)
prr
Other
Information
Aaprt>1
0.05**
(cm)
deq(zb)
Dim of Aaprt
Aaprt≤1
0.07
(cm)
(cm)
td
0.53
(mW)
zb
z_at_max_Ipi, α
fawf
scan
TIB
non–scan
M.I.
2D:4.60
Col:4.99
5.01
5.00
5.00
(b)
2D:2.55
Col:0.95
0.68
0.40
0.40
(b)
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
(b)
0.22
367
FLx (cm)
2.50
1.50
FLy (cm)
3.50
3.50
MI
TIS_as
TIS_as_U
TIS_bs
TIB_bs
Control 1: Triple Mode, 2D: 4.7MHz, Col: 5.1MHz, PD: 5.1MHz, Focus: 2.5cm, FR: 6.8Hz, PD Scale: 1.75kHz, SV Size: 2mm
Control 2: 2D + Color (Harmonic) Mode, 2D: 4.4MHz, Col: 5.1MHz, Focus: 0.5cm, FR: 29.5Hz
Control 3: Triple Mode, 2D: 7.7 MHz, Col: 5.1MHz, PD: 5.1MHz, Focus: 2.5cm, FR: 6.8Hz, PD Scale: 1.75kHz, SV Size: 2mm
Control 4: Triple Mode, 2D: 7.7MHz, Col: 5.1MHz, PD: 5.1MHz, Focus: 1.5cm, FR: 6.8Hz, PD Scale: 1.75kHz, SV Size: 2mm
Reference Manual 152
IEC 61157 Tables
3D4-9: Pulsed Doppler & 2D + Pulsed Doppler
TIS
Index Label
M.I.
1.15
Maximum Index Value
Associated
Acoustic
Parameters
Pr, α
(MPa)
P
(mW)
Min. of [Pα(zs), Ita, α
(zs)x1cm2]
zs
zbp
zb
z_at_max_Ipi, α
deq(zb)
fawf
Dim of Aaprt
td
prr
Other
Information
Pr at max. Ipi
deq at max. Ipi
Ipa, α at max. MI
Focal Length
Operating
Control
Conditions
Control 1
Control 2
Control 3
Control 4
scan
0.35
TIB
non–scan
Aaprt≤1
0.46
Aaprt>1
0.33**
2D P1:4.23
PD P1x1:10.5
PD P1x1:19.2
15.6
(cm)
0.82
(cm)
0.82
1.20
(b)
PD P:20.1
(b)
1.73
0.28
(cm)
4.84
X (cm)
Y (cm)
2D:5.15
PD:5.02
5.01
4.45
4.45
(b)
2D:2.55
PD:0.68
1.28
0.40
0.40
(b)
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
(b)
(µsec)
0.26
(pulses/sec)
54.7*
_
(MPa)
3.38
_
_
0.24
(cm)
(W/cm2)
262
Symbols and Definitions
Standard 61157 published by the International Electrotechnical Commission requires the
declaration of acoustic output information. The definitions and units of the symbols in those
tables are listed below.
Samsung Medison certifies that the acoustic output is measured and calculated per the
Acoustic Output Measurement Standard for Diagnostic Ultrasound Equipment (AIUM/NEMA,
2004). The hydrophone used for these measurements meets the requirements of the
Acoustic Output Measurement Standard for Diagnostic Ultrasound Equipment (AIUM/NEMA,
2004). The reporting format is in accordance with IEC 61157 Ed.2 (2007); Requirements for
the Declaration of the Acoustic Output of Medical Diagnostic Ultrasound Equipment.
1.00
(cm)
(MHz)
TIC
2.53
(mW)
(cm)
non–scan
Pr
MPaThe Peak Rarefactional Acoustic Pressure is the maximum of
the modulus of the negative instantaneous acoustic pressure
expressed as a positive number.
ISPTA
mW/cm2The maximum value of the temporal average derived intensity
in an acoustic field. For systems in combined operating mode,
the time interval over which the temporal average is taken is
sufficient to include any period during which scanning may
not be taking place.
_
_
FLx (cm)
4.50
1.50
-
FLy (cm)
3.50
3.50
-
MI
TIS_as
System settingsaUser selectable system settings which may include Application,
SV and Focal Length.
zp
mmThis is the distance from the transducer output face to the
point of maximum pulse-pressure-squared integral (or max
mean square acoustic pressure for continuous pressure for
CW)
w12
mmThis is the -6dB pulse beamwidth in the beam axis (X) at the
point of max pulse-pressure-squared integral (or max mean
square acoustic pressure for continuous pressure for CW). If
the beamwidths in X and Y differ than less than 10%, there
is no need to specify both. For scanning modes, the beamwidths shall correspond to the central scan line only.
TIS_as_U
TIS_bs
TIB_bs
Control 1: 2D+Pulsed Doppler Mode, 2D: 6.1MHz, PD: 4.4MHz, Focus: 2.5cm, FR: 54.7Hz, PD Scale: 1.75kHz, SV Size: 2mm
Control 2: 2D+Pulsed Doppler Mode, 2D: 7.7MHz, PD: 5.1MHz, Focus: 2.5cm, FR: 54.7Hz, PD Scale: 1.75kHz, SV Size: 2mm
Control 3: Pulsed Doppler Mode, PD: 5.1MHz, Focus: 4.5cm, PD Scale: 1.00kHz, SV Size: 5mm
Control 4: Pulsed Doppler Mode, PD: 4.4MHz, Focus: 1.5cm, PD Scale: 1.00kHz, SV Size: 5.5mm
(||)
Reference Manual 153
w12(⊥)
mmThis is the -6dB pulse beamwidth in the elevational axis (Y)
at the point of max pulse-pressure-squared integral (or max
mean square acoustic pressure for continuous pressure for
CW). If the beamwidths in X and Y differ than less than 10%,
there is no need to specify both. For scanning modes, the
beam-widths shall correspond to the central scan line only.
prr
kHz
Pulse Repetition Rate is the rate of successive pulses or
tonebursts and applies to single element non-scanning
systems and automatic scanning systems.
srr
HzScan Repetition Rate is the rate of the same identical point of
successive frames, sectors, or scans and applies to automatic
scanning systems (modes) only.
Output beam
dimensionsb
fawf
mmOutput beam dimensions are the dimensions of the
ultrasound beam (-6dB pulse beamwidth) in a specified
direction normal to the beam alignment axis and at the
transducer output face. In scanning modes, these shall refer to
the center scan line only.
MHz
The Arithmetic-mean Acoustic Working Frequency is the
arithmetic mean of the frequencies f1 and f2 at which the
amplitude of the spectrum of the acoustic signal first becomes
3dB lower than the peak amplitude.
Power OutputcC mWThis is the Maximum Temporal Average power output. For
scanning modes, this shall be the total power output of all the
acoustic pulses.
Iob
mW/cm2Output Beam Intensity is the temporal-average power output
divided by the output beam area
Acoustic output freezeWrite down “YES“ if the system is supplied with an output
freeze facility. All Medison currently are supplied with this
facility.
ztt
mm
Transducer to Transducer output face distance is the
distance along the beam alignment axis between the surface
containing the active face of the transducer or elements and
the transducer output face (usually the lens thickness)
zts
mmTransducer Standoff distance is the shortest distance between
the transducer output face and the patient entry plane. The
term “contact“ is used to connate direct contact between the
transducer output face and the patient.
Inclusive modes
Make a note of the Inclusive Modes for this particular
declaration which are not being declared separately.
Explanatory Notes
a FZ – Focal zone
b ∅ denotes diameter
c Controllable by the user in 2% steps
Reference Manual 154
CS1-4
Operating Mode
Parameter
BI
BP
DI
DP
B+MI
B+rDI
Freq: 5.0MHz (B)
Freq: 2.5MHz (rD)
FZ: 7
Power: 100%
System settingsa
Freq: 2.5MHz
FZ: 7
Power: 100%
Freq: 2.2MHz
FZ: 3
Power: 100%
Freq: 3.3MHz
FZ: 4
Power: 100%
Freq: 3.3MHz
FZ: 3
Power: 100%
Freq: 2.0MHz (B)
Freq: 2.0MHz (M)
FZ: 3
Power: 100%
pr (MPa)
1.75
3.26 (Tot)
2.57 (B)
3.26 (B Inv)
1.66
3.50
2.66 (Tot)
2.66 (B)
2.66 (M)
1.73 (Tot)
1.73 (B)
1.46 (rD)
ISPTA (mW/cm2)
297
38.2 (Tot)
18.7 (B)
19.5 (B Inv)
2212
978
318 (Tot)
40.4 (B)
278 (M)
405 (Tot)
13.2 (B)
392 (rD)
Iob (mW/cm2)
31.0
17.4 (Tot)
8.49 (B)
8.88 (B Inv)
56.0
64.8
27.8 (Tot)
15.9 (B)
11.9 (M)
37.2 (Tot)
2.33 (B)
34.9 (rD)
Power Outputc (mW)
233
138 (Tot)
67.5 (B)
70.6 (B Inv)
153
129
151 (Tot)
127 (B)
23.6 (M)
262 (Tot)
17.4 (B)
245 (rD)
Output beam
dimensionsb (mm)
43.0 x13.0
15.3 x 13.0 (B)
15.3 x 13.0 (B Inv)
21.0 x 13.0
15.3 x 13.0
15.3 x13.0 (B)
15.3 x13.0 (M)
43.0 x 13.0
zp (mm)
61.3
48.7 (B)
48.7 (B Inv)
77.8
52.6
50.6 (B)
50.6 (M)
55.5 (B)
61.3 (rD)
w12 (ll) (mm)
(⊥) (mm)
33.7, 7.39
7.21, 9.24 (B)
6.91, 8.8 (B Inv)
5.84, 6.46
6.33, 10.0
6.89, 9.20 (B)
6.89, 9.20 (M)
34.0, 8.46 (B)
33.4, 6.97 (rD)
fawf (MHz)
2.41
2.22 (B)
2.22 (B Inv)
3.33
3.25
2.06 (B)
2.06 (M)
2.97 (B)
2.45 (rD)
prr (kHz)
0.14
0.02 (B)
0.02 (B Inv)
2.25
1.00
0.04 (B)
0.50 (M)
0.02 (B)
0.23 (rD)
18.0
srr (Hz)
135
23.1
-
-
35.7 (B)
ztt (mm)
0.97
0.97
0.97
0.97
0.97
0.97
zts (mm)
contact
contact
contact
contact
contact
contact
Acoustic output freeze
Yes
Yes
Yes
Inclusive modes
Yes
Yes
Yes
B+M
B+rD
B+D
B+rD+D
B+D
B+rD+D
Reference Manual 155
C2-8
Operating Mode
Parameter
BI
BP
DI
DP
B+MI
B+rDI
B+rD+DP
System settingsa
Freq: 2.9MHz
FZ: 7
Power: 100%
Freq: 4.1MHz
FZ: 2
Power: 100%
Freq: 3.4MHz
FZ: 3
Power: 100%
Freq: 2.8MHz
FZ: 2
Power: 100%
Freq: 5.8MHz (B)
Freq: 5.8MHz (M)
FZ: 2
Power: 100%
Freq: 6.8MHz (B)
Freq: 3.4MHz (rD)
FZ: 7
Power: 100%
Freq: 4.7MHz (B)
Freq: 3.4MHz (rD)
Freq: 3.4MHz (D)
FZ: 2
Power: 100%
pr (MPa)
1.17 (Tot)
1.17 (B)
1.13 (B Inv)
3.09
1.72
2.38
2.27 (Tot)
2.27 (B)
2.27 (M)
1.72 (Tot)
1.72 (B)
1.07 (rD)
3.10 (Tot)
3.10 (B)
2.13 (rD)
2.14 (D)
ISPTA (mW/cm2)
111 (Tot)
55.4 (B)
55.5 (B Inv)
16.6
1224
691
179 (Tot)
18.5 (B)
160 (M)
146 (Tot)
5.64 (B)
140 (rD)
673 (Tot)
0.98 (B)
18.4 (rD)
654 (D)
Iob (mW/cm2)
18.1 (Tot)
9.12 (B)
8.99 (B Inv)
17.1
54.8
40.0
19.6 (Tot)
11.0 (B)
8.55 (M)
23.7 (Tot)
1.93 (B)
21.8 (rD)
48.6 (Tot)
1.02 (B)
8.99 (rD)
38.6 (D)
Power Outputc (mW)
115 (Tot)
57.9 (B)
57.1 (B Inv)
115
92.3
54.8
85.8 (Tot)
74.1 (B)
11.7 (M)
142 (Tot)
12.2 (B)
130 (rD)
91.5 (Tot)
6.91 (B)
31.7 (rD)
52.9 (D)
Output beam
dimensionsb (mm)
43.1 x 11.0 (B)
43.1 x 11.0 (B Inv)
12.4 x 11.0
15.3 x 11.0
12.4 x 11.0
12.4 x 11.0 (B)
12.4 x 11.0 (M)
43.1 x 11.0 (B)
43.1 x 11.0 (rD)
12.4 x 11.0 (B)
12.4 x 11.0 (rD)
12.4 x 11.0 (D)
zp (mm)
63.3 (B)
65.3 (B Inv)
45.2
57.7
43.5
45.6 (B)
45.6 (M)
60.6 (B)
67.3 (rD)
46.3 (B)
45.6 (rD)
45.6 (D)
w12 (ll) (mm)
(⊥) (mm)
32.4, 8.27 (B)
32.3, 7.35 (B Inv)
4.62, 9.67
5.45, 7.81
4.32, 8.06
3.98, 8.08 (B)
3.98, 8.08 (M)
30.3, 8.64 (B)
31.1, 8.31 (rD)
4.36, 9.89 (B)
3.62, 8.46 (rD)
3.53, 8.42 (D)
fawf (MHz)
2.97 (B)
2.98 (B Inv)
3.21
3.33
2.81
2.96 (B)
2.96 (M)
3.63 (B)
3.31 (rD)
3.37 (B)
3.31 (rD)
3.31 (D)
prr (kHz)
0.07 (B)
0.07 (B Inv)
0.05
1.00
1.00
0.04 (B)
0.50 (M)
0.02 (B)
0.23 (rD)
0.005 (B)
0.06 (rD)
1.25 (D)
4.60
srr (Hz)
67.7
53.9
-
-
41.7 (B)
18.0
ztt (mm)
0.80
0.80
0.80
0.80
0.80
0.80
0.80
zts (mm)
contact
contact
contact
contact
contact
contact
contact
Acoustic output freeze
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
B+M
B+rD
B+D
B+D
B+rD+D
Inclusive modes
Reference Manual 156
CF4-9
Operating Mode
Parameter
BI
BP
DI
DP
B+MI
B+rDI
Freq: 5.1MHz (B)
Freq: 4.7MHz (rD)
FZ: 5
Power: 100%
System settingsa
Freq: 5.1MHz
FZ: 7
Power: 100%
Freq: 6.8MHz
FZ: 1
Power: 100%
Freq: 5.6MHz
FZ: 2
Power: 100%
Freq: 5.6MHz
FZ: 0
Power: 100%
Freq: 5.1MHz (B)
Freq: 5.1MHz (M)
FZ: 1
Power: 100%
pr (MPa)
1.30
3.11
1.15
2.48
2.97 (Tot)
2.97 (B)
2.97 (M)
1.71 (Tot)
1.71 (B)
1.09 (rD)
ISPTA (mW/cm2)
152
39.9
801
479
154 (Tot)
37.3 (B)
117 (M)
204 (Tot)
26.2 (B)
178 (rD)
Iob (mW/cm2)
26.0
25.5
66.9
113
32.6 (Tot)
22.2 (B)
10.4 (M)
33.4 (Tot)
5.73 (B)
27.7 (rD)
Power Outputc (mW)
24.5
23.9
20.7
11.6
23.0 (Tot)
20.9 (B)
2.14 (M)
29.0 (Tot)
5.23 (B)
23.8 (rD)
Output beam
dimensionsb (mm)
22.4 x 4.20
4.90 x 4.20
7.35 x 4.20
2.45 x 4.20
4.90 x 4.20 (B)
4.90 x 4.20 (M)
16.1 x 4.20 (B)
16.1 x 4.20 (rD)
zp (mm)
15.8
14.4
26.9
9.17
14.3 (B)
14.3 (M)
15.9 (B)
14.9 (rD)
w12 (ll) (mm)
(⊥) (mm)
20.6
3.11
2.75
3.11
3.23
2.76
1.91
3.69
2.77, 3.10 (B)
2.77, 3.10 (M)
14.9, 3.30 (B)
15.0, 3.54 (rD)
fawf (MHz)
5.18
5.61
5.72
5.69
5.03 (B)
5.03 (M)
5.06 (B)
4.77 (rD)
prr (kHz)
0.17
0.07
3.25
1.00
0.06 (B)
0.50 (M)
0.03 (B)
0.42 (rD)
32.5
srr (Hz)
174
67.7
-
-
55.6 (B)
ztt (mm)
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
zts (mm)
contact
contact
contact
contact
contact
contact
Acoustic output freeze
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
B+M
B+rD
B+D
B+rD+D
B+D
B+rD+D
Inclusive modes
Reference Manual 157
L5-13
Operating Mode
Parameter
BI
BP
DI
DP
B+rDI
B+Dp
Freq: 12.3MHz (B)
Freq: 6.1MHz (D)
FZ: 2
Power: 100%
System settingsa
Freq: 6.4MHz
FZ: 7
Power: 100%
Freq: 12.3MHz
FZ: 2
Power: 100%
Freq: 6.1MHz
FZ: 5
Power: 100%
Freq: 6.8MHz
FZ: 3
Power: 100%
Freq: 12.3MHz (B)
Freq: 6.8MHz (rD)
FZ: 6
Power: 100%
pr (MPa)
2.86
5.77
1.00
4.66
4.65 (Tot)
4.65 (B)
2.42 (rD)
5.80 (Tot)
5.80 (B)
2.65 (D)
ISPTA (mW/cm2)
824
48.5
1551
842
832 (Tot)
198 (B)
634 (rD)
724 (Tot)
26.9 (B)
697 (D)
Iob (mW/cm2)
87.6
13.3
112
79.9
88.7 (Tot)
22.2 (B)
66.5 (rD)
49.8 (Tot)
7.09 (B)
42.7 (D)
Power Outputc (mW)
123
20.2
40.8
16.5
66.5 (Tot)
20.2 (B)
46.3 (rD)
16.9 (Tot)
10.8 (B)
6.09 (D)
Output beam
dimensionsb (mm)
22.2 x 4.00
5.15 x 4.00
9.11 x 4.00
5.15 x 4.00
15.4 x 4.00 (B)
11.1 x 4.00 (rD)
5.15 x 4.00 (B)
3.56 x 4.00 (D)
zp (mm)
12.1
12.1
32.1
13.6
11.6 (B)
12.8 (rD)
12.1 (B)
10.9 (D)
w12 (ll) (mm)
(⊥) (mm)
18.6, 2.12
1.60, 2.18
2.71, 4.80
3.29, 2.35
11.8, 2.16 (B)
9.24, 1.86 (rD)
1.49, 1.94 (B)
1.72, 2.36 (D)
fawf (MHz)
6.62
7.47
6.16
6.62
6.94 (B)
6.71 (rD)
7.52 (B)
6.23 (D)
prr (kHz)
0.09
0.06
9.50
1.00
0.06 (B)
0.95 (rD)
0.03 (B)
3.00 (D)
31.3 (B)
srr (Hz)
93.1
57.9
-
-
63.1
ztt (mm)
0.48
0.48
0.48
0.48
0.48
0.48
zts (mm)
contact
contact
contact
contact
contact
contact
Acoustic output freeze
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
B+M
B+M
B+rD
B+rD+D
B+D
B+rD+D
Inclusive modes
Reference Manual 158
ER4-9
Operating Mode
Parameter
BI
BP
DI
DP
B+MI
B+rDI
B+rDP
B+rD+DP
System settingsa
Freq: 4.7MHz
FZ: 7
Power: 100%
Freq: 6.1MHz
FZ: 1
Power: 100%
Freq: 4.7MHz
FZ: 2
Power: 100%
Freq: 4.7MHz
FZ: 1
Power: 100%
Freq: 4.7MHz (B)
Freq: 4.7MHz (M)
FZ: 2
Power: 100%
Freq: 7.7MHz (B)
Freq: 5.1MHz (rD)
FZ: 2
Power: 100%
Freq: 6.1MHz (B)
Freq: 3.8MHz (rD)
FZ: 2
Power: 100%
Freq: 6.1MHz (B)
Freq: 3.8MHz (rD)
Freq: 4.7MHz (D)
FZ: 2
Power: 100%
pr (MPa)
1.58
3.62
1.59
1.84
3.25 (Tot)
3.25 (B)
3.25 (M)
3.53 (Tot)
3.53 (B)
1.89 (rD)
3.68 (Tot)
3.68 (B)
1.60 (rD)
4.16 (Tot)
4.16 (B)
1.52 (rD)
1.99 (D)
ISPTA (mW/cm2)
83.2
23.6
798
693
109 (Tot)
17.0 (B)
91.7 (M)
108 (Tot)
8.81 (B)
98.9 (rD)
51.9 (Tot)
6.17 (B)
45.7 (rD)
748 (Tot)
2.10 (B)
10.2 (rD)
736 (D)
Iob (mW/cm2)
17.7
23.0
49.6
87.7
24.3 (Tot)
16.1 (B)
8.19 (M)
39.2 (Tot)
5.65 (B)
33.5 (rD)
29.1 (Tot)
6.19 (B)
22.9 (rD)
55.3 (Tot)
2.16 (B)
5.00 (rD)
48.1 (D)
Power Outputc (mW)
27.8
36.2
18.3
19.4
28.3 (Tot)
25.3 (B)
3.02 (M)
26.6 (Tot)
4.29 (B)
22.3 (rD)
30.2 (Tot)
9.74 (B)
20.5 (rD)
25.6 (Tot)
3.39 (B)
4.49 (rD)
17.7 (D)
Output beam
dimensionsb (mm)
22.1 x 6.00
3.69 x 6.00
6.15 x 6.00
3.69 x 6.00
6.15 x 6.00 (B)
6.15 x 6.00 (M)
6.15 x 6.00 (B)
6.15 x 6.00 (rD)
6.15 x 6.00 (B)
6.15 x 6.00 (rD)
6.15 x 6.00 (B)
6.15 x 6.00 (rD)
6.15 x 6.00 (D)
zp (mm)
23.7
15.0
23.8
17.9
20.6 (B)
20.6 (M)
21.3 (B)
23.8 (rD)
21.3 (B)
21.7 (rD)
20.0 (B)
21.7 (rD)
23.8 (D)
w12 (ll) (mm)
(⊥) (mm)
22.2, 2.90
2.34, 4.21
2.81, 2.81
2.67, 3.67
3.90, 3.56 (B)
3.90, 3.56 (M)
3.96, 3.37 (B)
3.31, 2.56 (rD)
3.99, 3.58 (B)
4.12, 3.86 (rD)
4.23, 3.86 (B)
4.15, 4.11 (rD)
2.82, 2.75 (D)
fawf (MHz)
4.73
5.03
4.71
4.71
4.62 (B)
4.62 (M)
5.16 (B)
5.01 (rD)
4.93 (B)
3.94 (rD)
4.83 (B)
3.94 (rD)
4.71 (D)
prr (kHz)
0.26
0.11
3.50
1.00
0.07 (B)
0.50 (M)
0.05 (B)
0.61 (rD)
0.02 (B)
0.31 (rD)
0.01 (B)
0.08 (rD)
1.75 (D)
srr (Hz)
261
111
-
-
71.4 (B)
46.6
24.1
6.43
ztt (mm)
0.70
0.70
0.70
0.70
0.70
0.70
0.70
0.70
zts (mm)
contact
contact
contact
contact
contact
contact
contact
contact
Acoustic output freeze
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
B+M
B+D
B+D
B+rD+D
Inclusive modes
Reference Manual 159
EVN4-9
Operating Mode
Parameter
BI
BP
DI
DP
B+MI
B+rDI
B+rDP
B+rD+DP
System settingsa
Freq: 4.7MHz
FZ: 7
Power: 100%
Freq: 6.1MHz
FZ: 1
Power: 100%
Freq: 4.7MHz
FZ: 2
Power: 100%
Freq: 4.7MHz
FZ: 1
Power: 100%
Freq: 4.7MHz (B)
Freq: 4.7MHz (M)
FZ: 2
Power: 100%
Freq: 7.7MHz (B)
Freq: 5.1MHz (rD)
FZ: 2
Power: 100%
Freq: 6.1MHz (B)
Freq: 3.8MHz (rD)
FZ: 2
Power: 100%
Freq: 6.1MHz (B)
Freq: 3.8MHz (rD)
Freq: 4.7MHz (D)
FZ: 2
Power: 100%
pr (MPa)
1.58
3.62
1.59
1.84
3.25 (Tot)
3.25 (B)
3.25 (M)
3.53 (Tot)
3.53 (B)
1.89 (rD)
3.68 (Tot)
3.68 (B)
1.60 (rD)
4.16 (Tot)
4.16 (B)
1.52 (rD)
1.99 (D)
ISPTA (mW/cm2)
83.2
23.6
798
693
109 (Tot)
17.0 (B)
91.7 (M)
108 (Tot)
8.81 (B)
98.9 (rD)
51.9 (Tot)
6.17 (B)
45.7 (rD)
748 (Tot)
2.10 (B)
10.2 (rD)
736 (D)
Iob (mW/cm2)
17.7
23.0
49.6
87.7
24.3 (Tot)
16.1 (B)
8.19 (M)
39.2 (Tot)
5.65 (B)
33.5 (rD)
29.1 (Tot)
6.19 (B)
22.9 (rD)
55.3 (Tot)
2.16 (B)
5.00 (rD)
48.1 (D)
Power Outputc (mW)
27.8
36.2
18.3
19.4
28.3 (Tot)
25.3 (B)
3.02 (M)
26.6 (Tot)
4.29 (B)
22.3 (rD)
30.2 (Tot)
9.74 (B)
20.5 (rD)
25.6 (Tot)
3.39 (B)
4.49 (rD)
17.7 (D)
Output beam
dimensionsb (mm)
22.1 x 6.00
3.69 x 6.00
6.15 x 6.00
3.69 x 6.00
6.15 x 6.00 (B)
6.15 x 6.00 (M)
6.15 x 6.00 (B)
6.15 x 6.00 (rD)
6.15 x 6.00 (B)
6.15 x 6.00 (rD)
6.15 x 6.00 (B)
6.15 x 6.00 (rD)
6.15 x 6.00 (D)
zp (mm)
23.7
15.0
23.8
17.9
20.6 (B)
20.6 (M)
21.3 (B)
23.8 (rD)
21.3 (B)
21.7 (rD)
20.0 (B)
21.7 (rD)
23.8 (D)
w12 (ll) (mm)
(⊥) (mm)
22.2, 2.90
2.34, 4.21
2.81, 2.81
2.67, 3.67
3.90, 3.56 (B)
3.90, 3.56 (M)
3.96, 3.37 (B)
3.31, 2.56 (rD)
3.99, 3.58 (B)
4.12, 3.86 (rD)
4.23, 3.86 (B)
4.15, 4.11 (rD)
2.82, 2.75 (D)
fawf (MHz)
4.73
5.03
4.71
4.71
4.62 (B)
4.62 (M)
5.16 (B)
5.01 (rD)
4.93 (B)
3.94 (rD)
4.83 (B)
3.94 (rD)
4.71 (D)
prr (kHz)
0.26
0.11
3.50
1.00
0.07 (B)
0.50 (M)
0.05 (B)
0.61 (rD)
0.02 (B)
0.31 (rD)
0.01 (B)
0.08 (rD)
1.75 (D)
6.43
srr (Hz)
261
111
-
-
71.4 (B)
46.6
24.1
ztt (mm)
0.70
0.70
0.70
0.70
0.70
0.70
0.70
0.70
zts (mm)
contact
contact
contact
contact
contact
contact
contact
contact
Acoustic output freeze
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
B+M
B+D
B+D
B+rD+D
Inclusive modes
Reference Manual 160
VE4-8
Operating Mode
BP
DP
B+MI
B+rDI
Freq: 3.0MHz
FZ: 3
Power: 100%
Freq: 3.0MHz
FZ: 3
Power: 100%
Freq: 2.4MHz (B)
Freq: 2.4MHz (M)
FZ: 3
Power: 100%
Freq: 6.8MHz (B)
Freq: 3.0MHz (rD)
FZ: 6
Power: 100%
3.25
1.59
1.78
2.08 (Tot)
2.08 (B)
2.08 (M)
1.67 (Tot)
1.67 (B)
0.84 (rD)
133 (Tot)
67.1 (B)
66.2 (B Inv)
22.9
1186
1038
189 (Tot)
29.6 (B)
159 (M)
175 (Tot)
7.60 (B)
167 (rD)
Iob (mW/cm2)
18.0 (Tot)
8.98 (B)
8.97 (B Inv)
15.7
37.0
35.7
16.8 (Tot)
10.6 (B)
6.15 (M)
20.5 (Tot)
1.46 (B)
19.0 (rD)
Power Outputc (mW)
94.9 (Tot)
47.5 (B)
47.4 (B Inv)
82.7
64.2
61.9
66.5 (Tot)
55.8 (B)
10.7 (M)
101 (Tot)
7.63 (B)
93.5 (rD)
Output beam
dimensionsb (mm)
43.5 x 11.0 (B)
43.5 x 11.0 (B Inv)
12.0 x 11.0
15.8 x 11.0
15.8 x 11.0
15.8 x 11.0 (B)
15.8 x 11.0 (M)
36.0 x 11.0 (B)
36.0 x 11.0 (rD)
zp (mm)
51.2 (B)
51.2 (B Inv)
39.1
49.6
49.6
47.6 (B)
47.6 (M)
56.6 (B)
144 (rD)
w12 (ll) (mm)
(⊥) (mm)
31.4, 7.89 (B)
31.4, 7.86 (B Inv)
3.97
8.18
5.07
8.03
5.16
7.92
5.39, 7.90(B)
5.39, 7.90(M)
22.8, 6.73 (B)
7.37, 23.7 (rD)
fawf (MHz)
2.97 (B)
2.98 (B Inv)
3.18
2.96
2.98
2.65 (B)
2.65 (M)
3.48 (B)
2.94 (rD)
prr (kHz)
0.07 (B)
0.07 (B Inv)
0.05
1.00
2.50
0.04 (B)
0.50 (M)
0.02 (B)
0.28 (rD)
21.5
Parameter
BI
System settingsa
Freq: 2.9MHz (B)
Freq: 2.9MHz (B Inv)
FZ: 7
Power: 100%
Freq: 4.1MHz
FZ: 2
Power: 100%
pr (MPa)
1.18 (Tot)
1.15 (B)
1.18 (B Inv)
ISPTA (mW/cm2)
DI
srr (Hz)
67.7
53.9
-
-
35.7 (B)
ztt (mm)
2.68
2.68
2.68
2.68
2.68
2.68
zts (mm)
Contact
contact
contact
contact
contact
contact
Acoustic output freeze
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
B+M
B+rD
B+D
B+rD+D
B+D
B+rD+D
Inclusive modes
Reference Manual 161
3D2-6
Operating Mode
Parameter
BI
BP
DI
DP
B+MI
B+rDI
System settingsa
Freq: 2.5MHz
FZ: 7
Power: 100%
Freq: 3.6MHz
FZ: 2
Power: 100%
Freq: 2.5MHz
FZ: 3
Power: 100%
Freq: 2.5MHz
FZ: 2
Power: 100%
Freq: 2.5MHz
FZ: 3
Power: 100%
Freq: 5.6MHz (B)
Freq: 2.5MHz (rD)
FZ: 7
Power: 100%
pr (MPa)
0.98
2.48
1.02
2.1
1.81 (Tot)
1.81 (B)
1.81 (M)
1.06 (Tot)
1.06 (B)
0.86 (rD)
ISPTA (mW/cm2)
89.5
18.6
774
470
144 (Tot)
17.2 (B)
127 (M)
112 (Tot)
4.27 (B)
108 (rD)
Iob (mW/cm2)
14.6
10.3
37.3
38.5
17.9 (Tot)
10.5 (B)
7.41 (M)
16.6 (Tot)
0.74 (B)
15.9 (rD)
Power Outputc (mW)
109
78.8
76.0
60.0
95.9 (Tot)
80.8 (B)
15.1 (M)
117 (Tot)
5.53 (B)
111 (rD)
Output beam
dimensionsb (mm)
43.3 x 13.0
12.0 x 13.0
15.7 x 13.0
12.0 x 13.0
15.7 x 13.0 (B)
15.7 x 13.0 (M)
43.3 x 13.0 (B)
43.3 x 13.0 (rD)
zp (mm)
60.0
40.7
57.1
40.7
57.1
69.2 (B)
62.0 (rD)
w12 (ll) (mm)
(⊥) (mm)
33.9, 5.31
4.53, 6.91
4.93, 5.05
4.66, 7.54
5.26, 5.30
30.4, 5.00 (B)
33.1, 5.21 (rD)
fawf (MHz)
2.41
2.55
2.50
2.45
2.41
2.93 (B)
2.47 (rD)
prr (kHz)
0.14
0.05
2.50
1.00
0.04 (B)
0.50 (M)
0.02 (B)
0.23 (rD)
18.0
srr (Hz)
136
53.9
-
-
35.7 (B)
ztt (mm)
3.18
3.18
3.18
3.18
3.18
3.18
zts (mm)
contact
contact
contact
contact
contact
contact
Acoustic output freeze
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
B+M
B+rD
B+D
B+rD+D
B+D
B+rD+D
Inclusive modes
Reference Manual 162
3D4-9
Operating Mode
Parameter
BI
BP
DI
DP
B+MI
B+rDI
B+rD+DP
System settingsa
Freq: 4.1MHz
FZ: 3
Power: 100%
Freq: 6.1MHz
FZ: 2
Power: 100%
Freq: 5.1MHz
FZ: 2
Power: 100%
Freq: 5.1 MHz
FZ: 1
Power: 100%
Freq: 4.4MHz (B)
Freq: 4.4MHz (M)
FZ: 2
Power: 100%
Freq: 4.7MHz (B)
Freq: 5.1MHz (rD)
FZ: 2
Power: 100%
Freq: 7.7MHz (B)
Freq: 5.1MHz (rD)
Freq: 5.1MHz (D)
FZ: 2
Power: 100%
pr (MPa)
1.84
3.54
1.60
2.50
2.43 (Tot)
2.43 (B)
2.43 (M)
3.48 (Tot)
3.48 (B)
1.83 (rD)
3.72 (Tot)
3.72 (B)
1.85 (rD)
1.86 (D)
ISPTA (mW/cm2)
62.3
16.7
738
451
104 (Tot)
17.4 (B)
86.1 (M)
67.9 (Tot)
11.3 (B)
56.6 (rD)
558 (Tot)
1.12 (B)
8.09 (rD)
549(D)
Iob (mW/cm2)
26.8
18.5
46.2
77.2
28.3 (Tot)
17.9 (B)
10.4 (M)
31.1 (Tot)
7.17 (B)
23.9 (rD)
43.1 (Tot)
1.41 (B)
4.78 (rD)
36.9 (D)
Power Outputc (mW)
22.1
28.1
18.6
18.3
30.4 (Tot)
27.2 (B)
3.21 (M)
21.3 (Tot)
4.90 (B)
16.4 (rD)
21.3 (Tot)
2.14 (B)
4.29 (rD)
14.9 (D)
Output beam
dimensionsb (mm)
7.57 x 5.95
5.18 x 5.95
6.78 x 5.95
3.99 x 5.95
5.18 x 5.95 (B)
5.18 x 5.95 (M)
5.18 x 5.95 (B)
6.78 x 5.95 (rD)
5.18 x 5.95 (B)
6.78 x 5.95 (rD)
6.78 x 5.95 (D)
zp (mm)
25.4
17.3
23.5
15.0
20.1 (B)
20.1 (M)
17.3 (B)
23.5 (rD)
17.7(B)
23.5(rD)
23.5(D)
w12 (ll) (mm)
(⊥) (mm)
3.53, 3.65
2.78, 4.11
2.14, 3.91
2.25, 4.74
2.75, 4.35 (B)
2.75, 4.35 (M)
2.88, 4.55 (B)
2.20, 3.87 (rD)
2.78, 4.27 (B)
2.21, 4.04 (rD)
2.16, 3.97 (D)
fawf (MHz)
4.13
4.80
5.02
4.99
4.48 (B)
4.48 (M)
4.34 (B)
5.01 (rD)
4.93 (B)
5.02 (rD)
5.01 (D)
prr (kHz)
0.39
0.09
3.50
1.00
0.07 (B)
0.50 (M)
0.05 (B)
0.61 (rD)
0.01 (B)
0.09 (rD)
1.75 (D)
6.76
srr (Hz)
386
93.6
-
-
71.4 (B)
46.6
ztt (mm)
2.26
2.26
2.26
2.26
2.26
2.26
2.26
zts (mm)
contact
contact
contact
contact
contact
contact
contact
Acoustic output freeze
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
B+M
B+rD
B+D
B+D
B+rD+D
Inclusive modes
Reference Manual 163
FDA Tables
Symbols and Definitions
All table entries have been obtained at the same operating conditions that give rise to
the maximum Index Value in the second row. Due to the complexities of the system user
interface, it may be difficult to exactly replicate the declared condition. Contact Samsung
Medison for further information.
Symbols used in the table are described below.
MI
the Mechanical Index.
TISscan
the Soft Tissue Thermal Index in an auto scanning mode.
TISnon–scan the Soft Tissue Thermal Index in a non auto scanning mode.
TIB
the Bone Thermal Index.
TIC
the Cranial Thermal Index.
Aaprt
the area of the active aperture (square centimeters).
pr.3the derated peak rarefactional pressure associated with the transmit pattern
giving rise to the value reported under MI (meg zapascals).
WoFor TIB and TIC: time average acoustic power at the source, in milliwatts. (Also
see the definitions for W01 and W01x1 that follow.)
For TIS scan, Wo = Wo1 + Wo1x1
For TIS non–scan, Wo = Wo1x1
Wo1: For scanning modes and/or scanning components of combinational modes:
time average acoustic power at the source, per cm, in milliwatts. This is the
acoustic power emitted from the central 1 cm length, in the scan direction, of
the aperture corresponding to the scanned pulses.
Wo1x1: For non–scanning modes and/or non–scanning components of combinational
modes: time average acoustic power at the source, per cm2, in milliwatts. This is
the acoustic power emitted from the central 1 cm2 of the active non–scanned
aperture through which the highest acoustic power is being transmitted.
W.3(z1)
the derated ultrasonic power at axial distance z1 (milliwatts).
ITA.3(z1)
the derated spatial peak, temporal average intensity at axial distance z1
(milliwatts per square centimeter).
z1the axial distance corresponding to the location of max[min(W.3(z), ITA.3(z) x 1
cm2)], where z = zbp (centimeters).
zbp (centimeters).
zsp
For MI, the axial distance at which pr.3 is measured for TIB, the axial distance at
which TIB is a maximum (i.e., zsp = zB.3) (centimeters).
deq(z)the equivalent beam diameter as a function of axial distance z, and is equal to
[(4/3.14)(Wo/ITA(z))]0.5 where ITA(z) is the temporal average intensity as a function
of z (centimeters).
fc is the center frequency (MHz). For MI, fc is the center frequency associated with
the transmit pattern giving rise to the maximum reported value of MI. For TI, for
combined modes involving transmit patterns of unequal center frequency, fc
is defined as the overall range of center frequencies of the respective transmit
patterns.
Dim. of Aaprt the active aperture dimensions for the azimuthal and elevational planes
(centimeters).
PDthe pulse duration (microseconds) associated with the transmit pattern giving
rise to the reported value of MI.
PRFthe pulse repetition frequency associated with the transmit pattern giving rise
to the reported value of MI (Hz).
pr@PIImax
the peak rarefactional pressure at the point where the free-field, spatial peak
pulse intensity integral is a maximum (megapascals). See Section 6.2.4.1 of the
Output Display Standard, entitled “Measurement Methodology for Mechanical
and Thermal Indices“.
deq@PIImaxthe equivalent beam diameter at the point where the free-field, spatial peak
pulse intensity integral is a maximum (centimeters). See Section 6.2.5.1 of the
Output Display Standard, entitled “Measurement Methodology for Mechanical
and Thermal Indices“.
Reference Manual 164
FL
the focal length, or azimuthal and elevational lengths, if different (centimeters).
IPA.3@MImax the derated pulse average intensity at the point of maximum reported MI
(Watts per square centimeter).
The Acoustic Measurement Precision and Acoustic Measurement Uncertainty are
summarized below.
Quantity
Precision
Total Uncertainty
PII.3 (derated pulse intensity
integral)
3.2%
+ 21% to - 24%
CS1-4
CS1-4: 2D & 2D + M mode
TIS
Index Label
MI
1.52
Maximum index value
Pr.3
(MPa)
Scan
TIB
Non–scan
Aaprt≤1
Aaprt>1
1.11
0.19**
0.39
2D W01:82.9
M W01x1:16.9
Wo (acoustic power)
6.2%
+/- 19%
W0
(mW)
5.4%
+/- 15%
min of [W.3(z1), ITA.3(z1)]
(mW)
34.7
Fc (center frequency)
< 1%
+/- 4.5%
z1
(cm)
4.72
Zbp
(cm)
4.00
Zsp
(cm)
deq(z)
(cm)
(a) This index is not required to this operating mode.
fc
Dim. of Aaprt
(c) This formulation for TIS is less than that for an alternate formulation in this mode.
PD
(d) The maximum index value is less than 1.0
PRF
*If the MI comes from a scanning mode Transmit Pattern (pulse), the ‘prr’ listed is the
average per second for the 'worst case' scan line. ‘prr’ for scanning modes is the product
of the frame rate and the number of pulse per line of the Transmit Pattern .
**The max TIS unscanned value is an ‘at_surface’ value and occurs for aperture > 1.0 cm2,
OR The max TIS unscanned value is a ‘below_surface’ value and occurs for aperture <= 1.0
cm2.
+The max TIB for this combinational mode = the at_surface TIS_scanned value. The nonscanned_TIB value indicated is the below_surface max. A “+” is used when the TIB value
is less than the TIS_scanned value for the operating condition.
2.37
2.06
(b)
X (cm)
2.71
0.86
4.30
1.53
(b)
Y (cm)
1.30
1.30
1.30
1.30
(b)
FLx (cm)
5.00
3.50
17.5
(b)
FLy (cm)
6.70
6.70
6.70
(b)
(µsec)
0.60
27.0*
3.06
deq@PIImax
(cm)
Control 2
Control 3
(b)
2.37
(Hz)
Control 1
M W0:23.6
0.34
2.21
(MPa)
IPA.3@MImax
(b)
4.67
Pr@PIImax
Focal Length
0.82+
2.81
(MHz)
(b) This probe is not intended for adult transcranial uses.
TIC
2.26
Pr.3 (derated rarefaction pressure)
Explanatory Notes
Non–scan
(W/cm2)
0.33
332
MI
TIS_as
TIS_as_U
Control 4
Control 5
Control 1: 2D (Pulse Inversion) Mode, 2.2MHz, Focus: 5.0cm, FR: 27.0Hz
Control 2: 2D Mode, 4.0MHz, Focus: 5.0cm, FR: 266.4Hz
Control 3: 2D + M (Harmonic) Mode, 2.5MHz, M: 2.5MHz, Focus: 3.5cm, FR: 55.6Hz
Control 4: 2D + M (Harmonic) Mode, 2.5MHz, M: 2.5MHz, Focus: 17.5cm, FR: 12.5Hz
Control 5: 2D + M (Harmonic) Mode, 2.0MHz, M: 2.0MHz, Focus: 6.5cm, FR: 35.7Hz
TIS_bs
TIB_bs
Reference Manual 165
CS1-4: 2D + Color, Triple, CPA & Triple CPA
CS1-4: Pulsed Doppler & 2D + Pulsed Doppler
TIS
Index Label
MI
1.39
Maximum index value
Pr.3
(MPa)
W0
(mW)
Scan
1.54
TIB
Non–scan
Aaprt≤1
Aaprt>1
1.01**
0.79
Non–scan
2.32
2D W01: 8.34
Col W01: 93.0
PD W01x1:64.9
PD W0:72.1
(mW)
50.8
(cm)
2.39
Zbp
(cm)
2.39
Zsp
(cm)
1.79
deq(z)
(cm)
0.52
fc
(MHz)
Dim. of Aaprt
2.39
X (cm)
Y (cm)
(µsec)
0.63
(Hz)
4.83*
Pr@PIImax
(MPa)
2.98
deq@PIImax
(cm)
PD
PRF
Focal Length
IPA.3@MImax
2D:2.77
Col:3.24
3.27
3.26
2.47
(b)
FLy (cm)
Index Label
0.86
1.30
1.30
1.53
1.30
0.86
1.30
6.50
(b)
6.70
6.70
6.70
(b)
Control 1
Control 2
Control 3
Control 4
Control 5
(cm)
3.72
Zbp
(cm)
3.63
Zsp
(cm)
deq(z)
(cm)
(MHz)
PD
TIB_bs
Control 1: Triple (Harmonic) Mode, 2D: 2.5MHz, Col: 2.5MHz, PD: 3.3MHz, Focus: 5.0cm, FR: 4.8Hz, PD Scale: 1.25kHz, SV Size: 2.0mm
Control 2: 2D + Color Mode, 2D: 4.0MHz, Col: 3.3MHz Focus: 3.5cm, FR: 39.6Hz
Control 3: Triple (Harmonic) Mode, 2D: 2.5MHz, Col: 2.5MHz, PD: 3.3MHz, Focus: 3.5cm, FR: 5.8Hz, PD Scale: 1.5kHz, SV Size: 2.0mm
Control 4: Triple (Harmonic) Mode, 2D: 2.5MHz, Col: 2.5MHz, PD: 3.3MHz, Focus: 6.5cm, FR: 3.9Hz, PD Scale: 1.0kHz, SV Size: 2.0mm
Control 5: Triple Mode, 2D: 4.0MHz, Col: 3.3MHz, PD: 2.5MHz, Focus: 3.5cm, FR: 5.8Hz, PD Scale: 1.5kHz, SV Size: 0.5mm
(b)
PD W0:90.8
(b)
2D:3.04
PD:3.26
2D:6.12
PD:0.86
3.28
2.50
2.50
(b)
0.86
3.54
0.48
(b)
1.30
1.30
1.30
1.30
(b)
FLx (cm)
3.50
3.50
14.5
(b)
FLy (cm)
6.70
6.70
6.70
(b)
X (cm)
(µsec)
0.60
(Hz)
31.3*
(MPa)
3.10
deq@PIImax
(cm)
IPA.3@MImax
3.28
0.48
2.47
Pr@PIImax
PRF
TIC
1.49
Y (cm)
Control 5
TIS_bs
PD W01x1:89.7
z1
Control 4
TIS_as_U
2D W01:6.89
PD W01x1:81.9
117
Control 3
TIS_as
1.39
(mW)
Control 2
MI
1.40**
min of [W.3(z1), ITA.3(z1)]
Control 1
358
1.37
Non–scan
2.18
(mW)
Focal Length
3.50
Aaprt>1
W0
(b)
3.50
Aaprt≤1
(MPa)
(b)
(b)
1.39
Scan
TIB
Non–scan
Pr.3
Dim. of Aaprt
2D:2.31
Col:1.96
MI
Maximum index value
fc
0.37
FLx (cm)
(W/cm2)
(b)
2.15
z1
min of [W.3(z1), ITA.3(z1)]
TIS
TIC
(W/cm2)
0.48
292
MI
TIS_as
TIS_as_U
TIS_bs
TIB_bs
Control 1: 2D + Pulsed Doppler Mode, 2D: 3.0MHz, PD: 2.5MHz, Focus: 5.0cm, FR: 31.3Hz, PD Scale: 1.25kHz, SV Size: 0.5mm
Control 2: 2D + Pulsed Doppler Mode, 2D: 5.0MHz, PD: 3.3MHz, Focus: 3.5cm, FR: 37.5Hz, PD Scale: 1.5kHz, SV Size: 2.0mm
Control 3: Pulsed Doppler Mode, PD: 3.3MHz, Focus: 3.5cm, PD Scale: 6.5kHz, SV Size: 2.0mm
Control 4: Pulsed Doppler Mode, PD: 2.5MHz, Focus: 14.5cm, PD Scale: 3.25kHz, SV Size: 7.5mm
Control 5: Pulsed Doppler Mode, PD: 2.5MHz, Focus: 2.0cm, PD Scale: 4.0kHz, SV Size: 7.5mm
Reference Manual 166
C2-8: 2D + Color, Triple, CPA & Triple CPA
C2-8
TIS
C2-8: 2D & 2D + M mode
Index Label
TIS
Index Label
MI
1.17
Maximum index value
Pr.3
(MPa)
W0
(mW)
Scan
TIB
Non–scan
Aaprt≤1
Aaprt>1
0.82
0.15
0.19
2D W01:48.1
M W01x1:9.90
(mW)
z1
(cm)
4.32
Zbp
(cm)
3.68
Zsp
(cm)
deq(z)
(cm)
fc
PD
TIC
1.14
Maximum index value
Pr.3
(MPa)
0.36+
(b)
W0
(mW)
M W0:11.7
(b)
min of [W.3(z1), ITA.3(z1)]
4.15
3.25
3.25
2.92
2.96
(b)
X (cm)
1.95
0.86
4.31
1.24
(b)
Y (cm)
1.10
1.10
1.10
1.10
(b)
1.98
Zsp
(cm)
deq(z)
(cm)
2.50
1.24
1.24
(b)
1.10
1.10
1.10
1.10
(b)
FLx (cm)
5.00
3.50
5.00
(b)
FLy (cm)
6.50
6.50
6.50
(b)
(µsec)
0.88
4.60*
2.62
deq@PIImax
(cm)
deq@PIImax
(cm)
IPA.3@MImax
Control 1
Control 2
Control 3
(W/cm )
6.50
6.50
(b)
IPA.3@MImax
Control 1
MI
Control 2
TIS_as
Control 3
TIS_as_U
Control 4
Control 5
Control 1: 2D Mode, 2D: 4.1MHz, Focus: 3.5cm, FR: 64.8Hz
Control 2: 2D Mode, 2D: 4.1MHz, Focus: 2.0cm, FR: 336.1Hz
Control 3: 2D + M Mode, 2D: 4.1MHz, M: 4.1MHz, Focus: 3.5cm, FR: 55.6Hz
Control 4: 2D + M (Harmonic) Mode, 2D: 2.9MHz, M: 2.9MHz, Focus: 17.5cm, FR: 12.5Hz
Control 5: 2D + M (Harmonic) Mode, 2D: 2.9MHz, M: 2.9MHz, Focus: 5.0cm, FR: 41.7Hz
Control 4
2D:3.37
Col:3.31
PD:3.31
2D:6.12
Col:3.20
PD:1.24
0.86
X (cm)
(Hz)
6.50
(b)
(b)
(MPa)
181
PD W0:55.0
3.32
Pr@PIImax
2
(b)
3.32
PRF
FLy (cm)
1.41
0.34
Y (cm)
Focal Length
TIC
3.32
(MHz)
Dim. of Aaprt
Non–scan
4.15
2.57
Focal Length
PD W01x1:41.4
1.98
64.8*
(b)
2D W01:1.18
Col W01:15.2
PD W01x1:38.6
(cm)
(Hz)
17.5
0.55
Zbp
(MPa)
3.50
0.65
35.0
PD
2.00
0.87
(cm)
0.38
FLx (cm)
Aaprt>1
(mW)
(µsec)
0.30
Aaprt≤1
1.80
Pr@PIImax
PRF
Scan
TIB
Non–scan
z1
fc
0.32
3.58
(MHz)
Dim. of Aaprt
Non–scan
2.11
14.0
min of [W.3(z1), ITA.3(z1)]
MI
(W/cm2)
0.32
192
MI
TIS_as
TIS_as_U
TIS_bs
TIB_bs
TIS_bs
TIB_bs
Control 1: Triple (Harmonic) Mode, 2D: 2.3MHz, Col: 2.8MHz, PD: 2.8MHz, Focus: 5.0cm, FR: 4.6Hz, PD Scale: 1.25kHz, SV Size: 2mm
Control 2: Triple Mode, 2D: 4.7MHz, Col: 3.4MHz, PD: 3.4MHz, Focus: 5.0cm, FR: 4.6Hz, PD Scale: 1.25kHz, SV Size: 2mm
Control 3: Triple Mode, 2D: 6.8MHz, Col: 2.8MHz, PD: 3.4MHz, Focus: 3.5cm, FR: 5.51Hz, PD Scale: 1.5kHz, SV Size: 2mm
Control 4: Triple Mode, 2D: 6.8MHz, Col: 2.8MHz, PD: 3.4MHz, Focus: 5.0cm, FR: 4.6Hz, PD Scale: 1.25kHz, SV Size: 2mm
Reference Manual 167
C2-8: Pulsed Doppler & 2D + Pulsed Doppler
CF4-9
TIS
Index Label
MI
1.02
Maximum index value
Scan
0.79
TIB
Non–scan
Aaprt≤1
Aaprt>1
0.92
0.88
Non–scan
2.08
TIC
CF4-9: 2D & 2D + M mode
TIS
(b)
Index Label
MI
1.85
Scan
TIB
Non–scan
Pr.3
(MPa)
W0
(mW)
min of [W.3(z1), ITA.3(z1)]
(mW)
55.7
Pr.3
(MPa)
z1
(cm)
2.20
W0
(mW)
Zbp
(cm)
2.20
min of [W.3(z1), ITA.3(z1)]
(mW)
2.71
Zsp
(cm)
4.35
z1
1.64
(cm)
0.30
(cm)
deq(z)
Zbp
(cm)
1.64
(MHz)
fc
Dim. of Aaprt
2D W01:4.49
PD W01x1:44.9
3.29
X (cm)
1.10
Y (cm)
PD
PRF
Pr@PIImax
deq@PIImax
Focal Length
IPA.3@MImax
2D:3.98
PD:3.31
2D:6.12
PD:0.86
(µsec)
0.41
(Hz)
31.3*
(MPa)
2.77
PD W01x1:57.9
PD W0:75.7
(b)
3.33
3.33
3.33
(b)
Zsp
(cm)
0.86
1.53
1.24
(b)
deq(z)
(cm)
1.10
1.10
1.10
(b)
fc
Dim. of Aaprt
PD
0.29
Control 2
Control 3
Control 4
Control 5
5.09
1.28
2.24
2.24
0.49
1.28
Y (cm)
0.42
0.42
0.42
0.42
0.42
FLx (cm)
2.00
9.00
9.00
2.00
FLy (cm)
2.50
2.50
2.50
2.50
(µsec)
0.28
(Hz)
67.7*
2.97
FLy (cm)
6.50
6.50
6.50
(b)
deq@PIImax
(cm)
TIS_as_U
Control 1
TIS_bs
TIB_bs
Control 2
Control 3
Control 1: 2D + Pulsed Doppler Mode, 2D: 4.1MHz, PD: 3.4MHz, Focus: 5.0cm, FR: 31.25Hz, PD Scale: 1.25kHz, SV Size: 2mm
Control 2: 2D + Pulsed Doppler Mode, 2D: 6.8MHz, PD: 3.4MHz, Focus: 3.5cm, FR: 37.5Hz, PD Scale: 1.5kHz, SV Size: 2mm
Control 3: Pulsed Doppler Mode, PD: 3.4MHz, Focus: 3.5cm, PD Scale: 3.25kHz, SV Size: 7mm
Control 4: Pulsed Doppler Mode, PD: 3.4MHz, Focus: 6.5cm, PD Scale: 1.0kHz, SV Size: 7mm
Control 5: Pulsed Doppler Mode, PD: 3.4MHz, Focus: 5.0cm, PD Scale: 1.0kHz, SV Size: 7mm
2D W0:21.6
X (cm)
(MPa)
TIS_as
M W0:2.14
5.03
Pr@PIImax
IPA.3@MImax
M W01x1:4.48
0.65
5.11
(b)
MI
2D W01:20.3
0.20+
5.69
6.50
170
0.07**
0.16
5.03
3.50
(W/cm2)
0.12
TIC
1.29
3.50
PRF
0.49
Non–scan
2.31
FLx (cm)
(cm)
Aaprt>1
5.09
(MHz)
Focal Length
Control 1
1.03
Maximum index value
Aaprt≤1
(W/cm2)
0.15
500
MI
TIS_as
TIC_as
TIS_as_U
Control 4
Control 5
Control 1: 2D Mode, 2D: 5.1MHz, Focus: 2.0cm, FR: 67.7Hz
Control 2: 2D Mode, 2D: 5.1MHz, Focus: 2.0cm, FR: 219.7Hz
Control 3: 2D + M Mode, 2D: 6.8MHz, M: 6.8MHz, Focus: 9.0cm, FR: 20.8Hz
Control 4: 2D + M Mode, 2D: 5.1MHz, M: 5.1MHz, Focus: 9.0cm, FR: 20.8Hz
Control 5: 2D + M Mode, 2D: 5.1MHz, M: 5.1MHz, Focus: 2.0cm, FR: 55.6Hz
TIS_bs
TIB_bs
Reference Manual 168
CF4-9: 2D + Color, Triple, CPA & Triple CPA
CF4-9: Pulsed Doppler & 2D + Pulsed Doppler
TIS
Index Label
MI
1.03
Maximum index value
Scan
0.63
TIB
Non–scan
Aaprt≤1
Aaprt>1
0.53
0.33**
Non–scan
1.12
TIS
TIC
0.96
2.31
Index Label
(MPa)
W0
(mW)
min of [W.3(z1), ITA.3(z1)]
(mW)
12.3
z1
z1
(cm)
1.00
Zbp
(cm)
0.94
Zsp
(cm)
0.81
deq(z)
(cm)
0.17
fc
(MHz)
Dim. of Aaprt
PD
PRF
Pr@PIImax
deq@PIImax
Focal Length
IPA.3@MImax
Control 1
Control 2
Control 3
Control 4
Control 5
5.03
2D:5.00
Col:4.77
PD:5.70
PD W01x1:19.4
5.71
PD W0:10.9
5.71
4.72
2D W0:0.82
Col W0:5.40
PD W0:10.9
2D:5.52
Col:5.65
PD:4.72
X (cm)
2D:2.24
Col:2.13
PD:1.37
1.86
0.74
0.25
2D:2.24
Col:1.01
PD:0.25
Y (cm)
0.42
0.42
0.42
0.42
0.42
(µsec)
0.28
(Hz)
6.43*
(MPa)
2.97
0.17
FLy (cm)
(W/cm2)
5.50
7.50
3.00
1.00
2.50
2.50
2.50
2.50
500
TIB_bs
Control 6
Control 1: Triple Mode, 2D: 5.1MHz, Col: 4.7MHz, PD: 5.6MHz, Focus: 2.0cm, FR: 6.43Hz, PD Scale: 1.75kHz, SV Size: 2mm
Control 2: Triple Mode, 2D: 5.1MHz, Col: 4.7MHz, PD: 5.6MHz, Focus: 5.5cm, FR: 4.6Hz, PD Scale: 1.25kHz, SV Size: 2mm
Control 3: Triple Mode, 2D: 5.1MHz, Col: 4.7MHz, PD: 5.6MHz, Focus: 7.5cm, FR: 3.68Hz, PD Scale: 1.0kHz, SV Size: 2mm
Control 4: Triple Mode, 2D: 8.8MHz, Col: 4.7MHz, PD: 5.6MHz, Focus: 3.0cm, FR: 5.51Hz, PD Scale: 1.5kHz, SV Size: 2mm
Control 5: Triple Mode, 2D: 5.1MHz, Col: 5.6MHz, PD: 4.7MHz, Focus: 1.0cm, FR: 6.43Hz, PD Scale: 1.75kHz, SV Size: 2mm
Control 6: Triple Mode, 2D: 6.8MHz, Col: 5.6MHz, PD: 4.7MHz, Focus: 1.0cm, FR: 6.43Hz, PD Scale: 1.75kHz, SV Size: 2mm
TIC_as
0.75
0.44**
2D W01:4.17
PD W01x1:17.1
PD W01x1:33.5
min of [W.3(z1), ITA.3(z1)]
(mW)
19.6
(cm)
1.64
Zbp
(cm)
1.64
Zsp
(cm)
deq(z)
(cm)
(MHz)
fc
Dim. of Aaprt
PD
2D W0:10.2
PD W0:11.1
2D:6.23
PD:4.73
2D:2.24
PD:1.37
4.71
4.71
4.72
2D:5.03
PD:4.72
2D:2.24
PD:0.25
2.24
2.24
0.74
0.42
0.42
0.42
FLx (cm)
5.50
9.00
9.00
1.00
FLy (cm)
2.50
2.50
2.50
2.50
TIS_as_U
TIS_bs
(µsec)
0.29
(Hz)
36.5*
2.86
deq@PIImax
(cm)
Control 1
PD W0:24.3
0.42
X (cm)
(MPa)
IPA.3@MImax
1.00
0.27
5.03
Pr@PIImax
PRF
1.44
1.00
Y (cm)
Control 5
TIS_bs
0.51
TIC
Non–scan
2.23
(mW)
Control 4
TIS_as_U
Aaprt>1
W0
Control 3
TIS_as
Aaprt≤1
(MPa)
Control 2
MI
Scan
TIB
Non–scan
Pr.3
Focal Length
(cm)
FLx (cm)
0.99
Maximum index value
Pr.3
2D W01:1.21
Col W01:3.78
PD W01x1:19.0
MI
(W/cm2)
0.42
0.20
409
MI
TIS_as
TIB_bs
TIC_as
Control 1: 2D + Pulsed Doppler Mode, 2D: 5.1MHz, PD: 5.6MHz, Focus: 2.0cm, FR: 36.5Hz, PD Scale: 1.75kHz, SV Size: 2mm
Control 2: 2D + Pulsed Doppler Mode, 2D: 8.8MHz, PD: 4.7MHz, Focus: 5.5cm, FR: 26.0Hz, PD Scale: 1.25kHz, SV Size: 2mm
Control 3: Pulsed Doppler Mode, PD: 4.7MHz, Focus: 9.0cm, PD Scale: 1.0kHz, SV Size: 5mm
Control 4: Pulsed Doppler Mode, PD: 4.7MHz, Focus: 3.0cm, PD Scale: 3.25kHz, SV Size: 5mm
Control 5: 2D + Pulsed Doppler Mode, 2D: 5.1MHz, PD: 4.7MHz, Focus: 1.0cm, FR: 54.7Hz, PD Scale: 1.75kHz, SV Size: 2mm
Reference Manual 169
L5-13: 2D + Color, Triple, CPA & Triple CPA
L5-13
TIS
Index Label
L5-13: 2D & 2D + M mode
TIS
Index Label
MI
1.66
Maximum index value
Scan
TIB
Non–scan
Aaprt≤1
Aaprt>1
2.19
0.52
0.25**
2D W01:71.0
M W01x1:16.8
(MPa)
W0
(mW)
min of [W.3(z1), ITA.3(z1)]
(mW)
8.24
(cm)
1.59
Zbp
(cm)
1.59
Zsp
(cm)
deq(z)
fc
(b)
6.50
5.43
(b)
X (cm)
2.55
2.22
2.22
0.75
(b)
Y (cm)
0.40
0.40
0.40
0.40
(b)
0.45
Pr@PIImax
(MPa)
4.82
deq@PIImax
(cm)
Pr.3
(MPa)
W0
(mW)
min of [W.3(z1), ITA.3(z1)]
6.50
6.50
(b)
FLy (cm)
2.00
2.00
2.00
(b)
Control 2
Control 3
2.21
1.18**
2D W01:5.10
Col W01:12.3
PD W01x1:69.7
PD W01x1:69.7
37.2
1.36
Zbp
(cm)
1.36
Zsp
(cm)
deq(z)
(cm)
Dim. of Aaprt
Non–scan
2.07+
(b)
PD W0:46.5
(b)
1.13
0.31
6.67
6.67
6.14
(b)
2D:3.80
Col:2.81
PD:1.62
1.62
1.62
1.11
(b)
0.40
0.40
0.40
0.40
(b)
FLx (cm)
6.50
6.50
6.50
(b)
FLy (cm)
2.00
2.00
2.00
(b)
TIS_as_U
TIS_bs
6.25
X (cm)
(µsec)
0.19
(Hz)
8.53*
Pr@PIImax
(MPa)
5.27
deq@PIImax
(cm)
(W/cm2)
0.31
512
MI
TIS_as
Control 1
TIS_as_U
Control 4
Control 1: 2D (Harmonic) Mode, 2D: 5.1MHz, Focus: 2.2cm, FR: 47.6Hz
Control 2: 2D (Harmonic) Mode, 2D: 6.4MHz, Focus: 3.7cm, FR: 136.8Hz
Control 3: 2D + M (Harmonic) Mode, 2D: 6.4MHz, M: 6.4MHz, Focus: 6.5cm, FR: 20.8Hz
Control 4: 2D + M (Harmonic) Mode, 2D: 5.5MHz, M: 5.5MHz, Focus: 2.2cm, FR: 41.7Hz
TIS_bs
Control 2
TIB_bs
Control 3
Control 4
TIC
2D:6.32
Col:6.64
PD:6.67
(MHz)
IPA.3@MImax
Control 1
2.76
(cm)
Focal Length
663
Aaprt>1
(mW)
PRF
3.70
Aaprt≤1
4.16
Y (cm)
0.17
Scan
TIB
Non–scan
z1
PD
FLx (cm)
(W/cm2)
1.66
Maximum index value
fc
6.50
47.6*
IPA.3@MImax
M W0:5.82
6.48
(Hz)
Focal Length
(b)
0.17
5.23
(µsec)
PD
PRF
0.42+
1.57
(cm)
(MHz)
Dim. of Aaprt
TIC
3.81
Pr.3
z1
Non–scan
MI
MI
TIS_as
TIB_bs
Control 1: Triple Mode, 2D: 12.3MHz, Col: 6.1MHz, PD: 6.1MHz, Focus: 2.2cm, FR: 8.5Hz, PD Scale: 2.5kHz, SV Size: 0.5mm
Control 2: Triple Mode, 2D: 7.6MHz, Col: 6.8MHz, PD: 6.8MHz, Focus: 6.5cm, FR: 5.1Hz, PD Scale: 1.5kHz, SV Size: 1mm
Control 3: Triple Mode, 2D: 12.3MHz, Col: 6.1MHz, PD: 6.8MHz, Focus: 6.5cm, FR: 5.1Hz, PD Scale: 1.5kHz, SV Size: 1mm
Control 4: Triple Mode, 2D: 10.0MHz, Col: 6.1MHz, PD: 6.1MHz, Focus: 4.5cm, FR: 6.0Hz, PD Scale: 1.75kHz, SV Size: 0.5mm
Reference Manual 170
L5-13: Pulsed Doppler & 2D + Pulsed Doppler
ER4-9: 2D & 2D + M mode
TIS
Index Label
MI
1.62
Maximum index value
Pr.3
(MPa)
W0
(mW)
min of [W.3(z1), ITA.3(z1)]
Scan
2.41
TIB
Non–scan
Aaprt≤1
Aaprt>1
2.88
1.57**
Non–scan
2.96
2D W01:17.0
PD W01x1:59.3
PD W01x1:91.6
PD W0:95.6
(mW)
53.4
(cm)
1.36
Zbp
(cm)
1.36
Zsp
(cm)
1.36
deq(z)
(cm)
0.41
(MHz)
Dim. of Aaprt
(b)
4.43
z1
fc
TIS
TIC
7.52
X (cm)
Y (cm)
2D:6.46
PD:6.67
6.61
6.18
(b)
Index Label
(b)
2D:3.80
PD:1.62
1.62
1.62
1.62
(b)
0.40
0.40
0.40
0.40
(b)
1.32
Maximum index value
z1
(cm)
1.95
Zbp
(cm)
1.95
Zsp
(cm)
deq(z)
(cm)
PD
(b)
X (cm)
1.02
2.21
2.21
0.61
(b)
Y (cm)
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
(b)
FLx (cm)
1.50
9.00
9.00
(b)
FLy (cm)
2.30
2.30
2.30
(b)
TIS_as_U
TIS_bs
(µsec)
0.25
(MPa)
5.80
deq@PIImax
(cm)
IPA.3@MImax
FLy (cm)
(W/cm2)
2.00
2.00
2.00
(b)
793
Control 1
Control 2
Control 1
Control 2
Control 3
Control 4
MI
Control 3
TIS_as
TIS_bs
TIB_bs
Control 1: 2D + Pulsed Doppler Mode, 2D: 12.3MHz, PD: 6.1MHz, Focus: 1.5cm, FR: 31.3Hz, PD Scale: 3.0kHz, SV Size: 0.5mm
Control 2: 2D + Pulsed Doppler Mode, 2D: 7.6MHz, PD: 6.8MHz, Focus: 6.5cm, FR: 15.6Hz, PD Scale: 1.5kHz, SV Size: 1mm
Control 3: Pulsed Doppler Mode, PD: 6.8MHz, Focus: 6.5cm, PD Scale: 1.0kHz, SV Size: 1mm
Control 4: Pulsed Doppler Mode, PD: 6.1MHz, Focus: 6.5cm, PD Scale: 3.5kHz, SV Size: 0.5mm
ER4-9
(W/cm2)
0.20
373
MI
TIS_as
Control 4
TIS_as_U
(b)
4.62
Pr@PIImax
Focal Length
M W0:3.02
5.06
3.62
IPA.3@MImax
(b)
5.06
(cm)
Focal Length
0.18+
0.21
5.03
deq@PIImax
PRF
TIC
5.15
(MHz)
Dim. of Aaprt
Non–scan
1.91
31.3*
(b)
M W01x1:3.97
2.67
(Hz)
6.50
2D W01:26.6
(mW)
111*
6.50
0.06
(mW)
(Hz)
6.50
0.10**
min of [W.3(z1), ITA.3(z1)]
(MPa)
FLx (cm)
0.65
W0
Pr@PIImax
0.39
Aaprt>1
2.96
0.16
PRF
Aaprt≤1
(MPa)
(µsec)
PD
Scan
TIB
Non–scan
Pr.3
fc
6.18
MI
Control 1: 2D Mode, 2D: 6.1MHz, Focus: 1.5cm, FR: 110.8Hz
Control 2: 2D Mode, 2D: 6.1MHz, Focus: 1.5cm, FR: 460.7Hz
Control 3: 2D + M Mode, 2D: 6.1MHz, M: 6.1MHz, Focus: 9.0cm, FR: 31.3Hz
Control 4: 2D + M Mode, 2D: 4.7MHz, M: 4.7MHz, Focus: 2.5cm, FR: 71.4Hz
TIB_bs
Reference Manual 171
P2-4: 2D + Color, Triple, CPA & Triple CPA
ER4-9: Pulsed Doppler & 2D + Pulsed Doppler
TIS
Index Label
MI
1.43
Maximum index value
Pr.3
(MPa)
W0
(mW)
Scan
0.67
TIB
Non–scan
Aaprt≤1
Aaprt>1
0.44
0.30**
Non–scan
1.23
2D W01:2.39
Col W01:25.7
PD W01x1:19.8
PD W0:17.2
(mW)
13.3
(cm)
1.22
Zbp
(cm)
1.22
Zsp
(cm)
1.63
deq(z)
(cm)
0.19
fc
(MHz)
Dim. of Aaprt
4.83
X (cm)
Y (cm)
(µsec)
0.28
(Hz)
6.43*
Pr@PIImax
(MPa)
4.16
deq@PIImax
(cm)
PD
PRF
Focal Length
IPA.3@MImax
2D:5.46
Col:4.99
4.71
4.70
4.70
(b)
FLy (cm)
Index Label
1.11
0.60
0.60
0.86
0.60
0.37
0.60
3.50
(b)
2.30
2.30
2.30
(b)
Control 1
Control 2
Control 3
Control 4
Control 5
2D W01:6.28
PD W01x1:13.0
PD W01x1:27.3
17.4
z1
(cm)
1.38
Zbp
(cm)
1.38
Zsp
(cm)
deq(z)
(cm)
(MHz)
PD
PD W0:19.7
(b)
2D:5.13
PD:4.71
2D:2.62
PD:1.35
4.71
4.71
4.71
(b)
1.35
1.11
0.37
(b)
0.60
0.60
0.60
(b)
FLx (cm)
5.50
5.50
4.50
(b)
FLy (cm)
2.30
2.30
2.30
(b)
(µsec)
0.27
(Hz)
54.7*
3.53
deq@PIImax
(cm)
Control 4
(b)
0.60
X (cm)
(MPa)
IPA.3@MImax
1.37
0.20
4.98
Pr@PIImax
PRF
(W/cm2)
0.19
301
MI
TIS_as
TIS_as_U
TIS_bs
Control 5
TIS_as_U
TIS_bs
TIB_bs
Control 1: Triple Mode, 2D: 6.1MHz, Col: 3.8MHz, PD: 4.7MHz, Focus: 2.5cm, FR: 6.43Hz, PD Scale: 1.75kHz, SV Size: 2mm
Control 2: 2D + Color Mode, 2D: 7.7MHz, Col: 5.1MHz, Focus: 1.5cm, FR: 26.6Hz
Control 3: Triple Mode, 2D: 7.7MHz, Col: 3.8MHz, PD: 4.7MHz, Focus: 4.5cm, FR: 4.6Hz, PD Scale: 1.25kHz, SV Size: 2mm
Control 4: Triple Mode, 2D: 7.7MHz, Col: 3.8MHz, PD: 4.7MHz, Focus: 3.5cm, FR: 5.51Hz, PD Scale: 1.5kHz, SV Size: 2mm
Control 5: Triple Mode, 2D: 6.1MHz, Col: 3.8MHz, PD: 4.7MHz, Focus: 1.5cm, FR: 6.43Hz, PD Scale: 1.75kHz, SV Size: 2mm
TIC
1.47
Y (cm)
Control 3
TIS_as
0.39**
(mW)
Control 2
MI
0.61
min of [W.3(z1), ITA.3(z1)]
Control 1
397
0.44
Non–scan
2.60
(mW)
Focal Length
4.50
Aaprt>1
W0
(b)
1.50
Aaprt≤1
(MPa)
(b)
(b)
1.16
Scan
TIB
Non–scan
Pr.3
Dim. of Aaprt
2D:2.62
Col:1.25
MI
Maximum index value
fc
0.18
FLx (cm)
(W/cm2)
(b)
3.15
z1
min of [W.3(z1), ITA.3(z1)]
TIS
TIC
Control 1: 2D + Pulsed Doppler Mode, 2D: 6.1MHz, PD: 4.7MHz, Focus: 2.5cm, FR: 54.7Hz, PD Scale: 1.75kHz, SV Size: 2mm
Control 2: 2D + Pulsed Doppler Mode, 2D: 6.1MHz, PD: 4.7MHz, Focus: 5.5cm, FR: 39.1Hz, PD Scale: 1.25kHz, SV Size: 2mm
Control 3: Pulsed Doppler Mode, PD: 4.7MHz, Focus: 5.5cm, PD Scale: 2.75kHz, SV Size: 2mm
Control 4: Pulsed Doppler Mode, PD: 4.7MHz, Focus: 4.5cm, PD Scale: 3.00kHz, SV Size: 2mm
Control 5: Pulsed Doppler Mode, PD: 4.7MHz, Focus: 1.5cm, PD Scale: 4.00kHz, SV Size: 2mm
TIB_bs
Reference Manual 172
EVN4-9: 2D + Color Triple, CPA & Triple CPA
EVN4-9
TIS
EVN4-9: 2D & 2D + M mode
Index Label
TIS
Index Label
MI
1.32
Maximum index value
Scan
0.65
TIB
Non–scan
Aaprt≤1
Aaprt>1
0.10**
0.06
(MPa)
W0
(mW)
min of [W.3(z1), ITA.3(z1)]
(mW)
2.67
z1
(cm)
1.95
Zbp
(cm)
1.95
Zsp
(cm)
deq(z)
(cm)
fc
(MHz)
Dim. of Aaprt
Non–scan
0.18+
TIC
(b)
2.96
Pr.3
2D W01:26.6
M W01x1:3.97
M W0:3.02
(b)
1.91
X (cm)
5.15
5.06
5.06
4.62
(b)
1.02
2.21
2.21
0.61
(b)
0.60
Y (cm)
0.60
0.60
0.60
1.43
Maximum index value
z1
(cm)
1.22
Zbp
(cm)
1.22
Zsp
(cm)
deq(z)
(cm)
(b)
X (cm)
2D:2.62
Col:1.25
1.11
0.86
0.37
(b)
Y (cm)
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
(b)
FLx (cm)
1.50
4.50
3.50
(b)
FLy (cm)
2.30
2.30
2.30
(b)
(µsec)
0.28
(Hz)
6.43*
4.16
deq@PIImax
(cm)
deq@PIImax
(cm)
IPA.3@MImax
Control 1
Control 2
Control 3
2.30
(W/cm )
2.30
2.30
(b)
373
IPA.3@MImax
MI
Control 1
Control 2
TIS_as
TIS_as_U
Control 4
Control 3
TIS_bs
TIB_bs
Control 4
Control 5
Control 1: 2D Mode, 2D: 6.1MHz, Focus: 1.5cm, FR: 110.8Hz
Control 2: 2D Mode, 2D: 6.1MHz, Focus: 1.5cm, FR: 460.7Hz
Control 3: 2D + M Mode, 2D: 6.1MHz, M: 6.1MHz, Focus: 9.0cm, FR: 31.3Hz
Control 4: 2D + M Mode, 2D: 4.7MHz, M: 4.7MHz, Focus: 2.5cm, FR: 71.4Hz
(b)
4.70
(MPa)
2
PD W0:17.2
4.70
Pr@PIImax
FLy (cm)
(b)
4.71
4.83
PRF
Focal Length
1.23
0.19
3.62
(b)
TIC
2D:5.46
Col:4.99
(MHz)
Dim. of Aaprt
Non–scan
1.63
(MPa)
9.00
PD W01x1:19.8
13.3
Pr@PIImax
9.00
2D W01:2.39
Col W01:25.7
(mW)
0.25
1.50
0.30**
min of [W.3(z1), ITA.3(z1)]
111*
FLx (cm)
0.44
(mW)
(Hz)
Focal Length
0.67
W0
(b)
0.20
Aaprt>1
3.15
(µsec)
PD
Aaprt≤1
(MPa)
PD
PRF
Scan
TIB
Non–scan
Pr.3
fc
0.21
5.03
MI
(W/cm2)
0.18
397
MI
TIS_as
TIS_as_U
TIS_bs
TIB_bs
Control 1: Triple Mode, 2D: 6.1MHz, Col: 3.8MHz, PD: 4.7MHz, Focus: 2.5cm, FR: 6.43Hz, PD Scale: 1.75kHz, SV Size: 2mm
Control 2: 2D + Color Mode, 2D: 7.7MHz, Col: 5.1MHz, Focus: 1.5cm, FR: 26.6Hz
Control 3: Triple Mode, 2D: 7.7MHz, Col: 3.8MHz, PD: 4.7MHz, Focus: 4.5cm, FR: 4.6Hz, PD Scale: 1.25kHz, SV Size: 2mm
Control 4: Triple Mode, 2D: 7.7MHz, Col: 3.8MHz, PD: 4.7MHz, Focus: 3.5cm, FR: 5.51Hz, PD Scale: 1.5kHz, SV Size: 2mm
Control 5: Triple Mode, 2D: 6.1MHz, Col: 3.8MHz, PD: 4.7MHz, Focus: 1.5cm, FR: 6.43Hz, PD Scale: 1.75kHz, SV Size: 2mm
Reference Manual 173
EVN4-9: Pulsed Doppler & 2D + Pulsed Doppler
VE4-8
TIS
Index Label
MI
1.16
Maximum index value
Pr.3
(MPa)
W0
(mW)
min of [W.3(z1), ITA.3(z1)]
z1
Scan
0.44
TIB
Non–scan
Aaprt≤1
Aaprt>1
0.61
0.39**
Non–scan
1.37
TIC
VE4-8: 2D & 2D + M mode
TIS
(b)
Index Label
MI
2.60
2D W01:6.28
PD W01x1:13.0
PD W01x1:27.3
PD W0:19.7
(mW)
17.4
(cm)
1.38
(b)
1.38
1.25
Maximum index value
Scan
TIB
Non–scan
Aaprt≤1
Aaprt>1
0.67
0.12
0.21
2D W01:23.9
2D Inv W01:23.9
M W01x1:8.77
(MPa)
W0
(mW)
min of [W.3(z1), ITA.3(z1)]
(mW)
15.2
(cm)
Zsp
(cm)
1.47
z1
(cm)
3.70
deq(z)
(cm)
0.20
Zbp
(cm)
3.70
Zsp
(cm)
(b)
deq(z)
(cm)
(b)
fc
(MHz)
Dim. of Aaprt
4.98
2D:2.62
PD:1.35
X (cm)
0.60
Y (cm)
(µsec)
0.27
(Hz)
54.7*
Pr@PIImax
(MPa)
3.53
deq@PIImax
(cm)
PD
PRF
Focal Length
IPA.3@MImax
Control 1
Control 2
Control 3
Control 4
Control 5
2D:5.13
PD:4.71
4.71
1.35
0.60
4.71
1.11
0.60
4.71
0.37
0.60
(b)
FLx (cm)
5.50
5.50
4.50
(b)
FLy (cm)
2.30
2.30
2.30
(b)
(W/cm )
2
301
0.30
2.77
(b)
2D:1.61
2D Inv:1.61
0.83
4.35
1.20
(b)
1.10
1.10
1.10
1.10
(b)
FLx (cm)
2.00
3.50
17.5
(b)
FLy (cm)
6.40
6.40
6.40
(b)
X (cm)
MI
3.25
deq@PIImax
(cm)
Control 2
TIS_as_U
Control 3
TIS_bs
0.42
53.9*
Control 1
TIS_as
(µsec)
(Hz)
IPA.3@MImax
(W/cm2)
0.29
270
MI
TIS_as
TIS_as_U
Control 4
TIB_bs
Control 1: 2D + Pulsed Doppler Mode, 2D: 6.1MHz, PD: 4.7MHz, Focus: 2.5cm, FR: 54.7Hz, PD Scale: 1.75kHz, SV Size: 2mm
Control 2: 2D + Pulsed Doppler Mode, 2D: 6.1MHz, PD: 4.7MHz, Focus: 5.5cm, FR: 39.1Hz, PD Scale: 1.25kHz, SV Size: 2mm
Control 3: Pulsed Doppler Mode, PD: 4.7MHz, Focus: 5.5cm, PD Scale: 2.75kHz, SV Size: 2mm
Control 4: Pulsed Doppler Mode, PD: 4.7MHz, Focus: 4.5cm, PD Scale: 3.00kHz, SV Size: 2mm
Control 5: Pulsed Doppler Mode, PD: 4.7MHz, Focus: 1.5cm, PD Scale: 4.00kHz, SV Size: 2mm
(b)
2.93
(MPa)
Focal Length
M W0:10.4
2.94
3.18
Pr@PIImax
PRF
0.19
(b)
3.29
Y (cm)
PD
0.41+
2D:2.94
2D Inv:2.96
(MHz)
Dim. of Aaprt
TIC
2.23
Pr.3
Zbp
fc
Non–scan
Control 5
Control 1: 2D Mode, 2D: 4.1MHz, Focus: 5.0cm, FR: 53.9Hz
Control 2: 2D (Pulsed Inversion) Mode, 2D: 2.9MHz, Focus: 2.0cm, FR: 168.2Hz
Control 3: 2D + M Mode, 2D: 2.9MHz, M: 2.9MHz, Focus: 3.5cm, FR: 55.6Hz
Control 4: 2D + M Mode, 2D: 2.9MHz, M: 2.9MHz, Focus: 17.5cm, FR: 12.5Hz
Control 5: 2D + M Mode, 2D: 2.6MHz, M: 2.6MHz, Focus: 5.0cm, FR: 41.7Hz
TIS_bs
TIB_bs
Reference Manual 174
VE4-8: 2D + Color, Triple, CPA & Triple CPA
VE4-8: Pulsed Doppler & 2D + Pulsed Doppler
TIS
Index Label
MI
1.29
Maximum index value
Pr.3
(MPa)
W0
(mW)
Scan
0.77
TIB
Non–scan
Aaprt≤1
Aaprt>1
0.46
0.39
Non–scan
1.43
2D W01:4.52
Col W01:48.6
PD W01x1:32.3
PD W0:37.1
(mW)
27.6
(cm)
3.37
Zbp
(cm)
3.37
Zsp
(cm)
3.49
deq(z)
(cm)
0.29
fc
(MHz)
Dim. of Aaprt
2.72
X (cm)
Y (cm)
(µsec)
0.70
(Hz)
4.83*
Pr@PIImax
(MPa)
2.79
deq@PIImax
(cm)
PD
PRF
Focal Length
IPA.3@MImax
2D:3.69
Col:3.00
2.98
2.98
2.97
(b)
FLy (cm)
Index Label
0.83
1.10
1.10
3.60
1.10
1.20
1.10
14.5
(b)
6.40
6.40
6.40
(b)
Control 1
Control 2
Control 3
Control 4
Control 5
TIB_bs
Control 1: Triple (Harmonic) Mode, 2D: 2.6MHz, Col: 2.8MHz, PD: 2.8MHz, Focus: 5.0cm, FR: 4.83Hz, PD Scale: 1.25kHz, SV Size: 0.5mm
Control 2: 2D + Color Mode, 2D: 4.1MHz, Col: 3.0MHz, Focus: 2.0cm, FR: 46.6Hz
Control 3: Triple Mode, 2D: 6.8MHz, Col: 2.8MHz, PD: 3.0MHz, Focus: 3.5cm, FR: 5.79Hz, PD Scale: 1.5kHz, SV Size: 0.5mm
Control 4: Triple Mode, 2D: 6.8MHz, Col: 2.8MHz, PD: 3.0MHz, Focus: 14.5cm, FR: 3.86Hz, PD Scale: 1.0kHz, SV Size: 0.5mm
Control 5: Triple Mode, 2D: 6.8MHz, Col: 2.8MHz, PD: 3.0MHz, Focus: 5.0cm, FR: 4.83Hz, PD Scale: 1.25kHz, SV Size: 0.5mm
PD W01x1:49.6
(cm)
3.37
Zbp
(cm)
3.37
Zsp
(cm)
deq(z)
(cm)
(MHz)
PD
(b)
PD W0:56.5
(b)
2D:3.86
PD:2.97
2D:4.80
PD:0.83
2.96
2.96
2.76
(b)
0.83
3.60
1.20
(b)
1.10
1.10
1.10
1.10
(b)
FLx (cm)
3.50
3.50
14.5
(b)
FLy (cm)
6.40
6.40
6.40
(b)
X (cm)
(µsec)
0.43
(Hz)
25.0*
(MPa)
3.02
deq@PIImax
(cm)
IPA.3@MImax
2.34
0.29
3.14
Pr@PIImax
PRF
TIC
3.29
Y (cm)
Control 5
TIS_bs
2D W01:3.50
PD W01x1:36.5
z1
Control 4
TIS_as_U
0.72
50.9
Control 3
TIS_as
0.70
(mW)
Control 2
MI
0.58
Non–scan
1.88
min of [W.3(z1), ITA.3(z1)]
Control 1
415
Aaprt>1
(mW)
Focal Length
3.50
Aaprt≤1
W0
(b)
2.00
Scan
TIB
Non–scan
(MPa)
(b)
(b)
1.06
Maximum index value
Dim. of Aaprt
2D:1.59
Col:1.32
MI
Pr.3
fc
0.27
FLx (cm)
(W/cm2)
(b)
2.12
z1
min of [W.3(z1), ITA.3(z1)]
TIS
TIC
(W/cm2)
0.28
202
MI
TIS_as
TIS_as_U
TIS_bs
TIB_bs
Control 1: 2D + Pulsed Doppler Mode, 2D: 4.1MHz, PD: 3.0MHz, Focus: 6.5cm, FR: 25.0Hz, PD Scale: 1.0kHz, SV Size: 0.5mm
Control 2: 2D + Pulsed Doppler Mode, 2D: 6.8MHz, PD: 3.0MHz, Focus: 3.5cm, FR: 37.5Hz, PD Scale: 1.5kHz, SV Size: 0.5mm
Control 3: Pulsed Doppler Mode, PD: 3.0MHz, Focus: 3.5cm, PD Scale: 3.25kHz, SV Size: 7.5mm
Control 4: Pulsed Doppler Mode, PD: 3.0MHz, Focus: 14.5cm, PD Scale: 1.75kHz, SV Size: 7.5mm
Control 5: Pulsed Doppler Mode, PD: 2.8MHz, Focus: 5.0cm, PD Scale: 2.75kHz, SV Size: 7.5mm
Reference Manual 175
3D2-6: 2D + Color, Triple, CPA & Triple CPA
3D2-6
TIS
Index Label
3D2-6: 2D & 2D + M mode
TIS
Index Label
MI
1.24
Maximum index value
Scan
0.60
TIB
Non–scan
Aaprt≤1
Aaprt>1
0.12**
0.18
Non–scan
0.42+
TIC
(b)
1.91
MI
1.29
Maximum index value
Scan
TIB
Non–scan
Aaprt≤1
Aaprt>1
0.70
0.38**
0.36
2D W01:4.19
Col W01:50.0
PD W01x1:32.1
(MPa)
W0
(mW)
min of [W.3(z1), ITA.3(z1)]
(mW)
30.7
(MPa)
W0
(mW)
z1
(cm)
2.81
min of [W.3(z1), ITA.3(z1)]
(mW)
16.1
Zbp
(cm)
2.81
z1
(cm)
4.80
Zsp
(cm)
Zbp
(cm)
4.02
deq(z)
(cm)
Zsp
(cm)
1.82
deq(z)
(cm)
0.45
fc
Dim. of Aaprt
2.48
(b)
X (cm)
2.24
0.83
4.33
0.83
(b)
Y (cm)
1.30
1.30
1.30
1.30
(b)
0.51
53.9*
Pr@PIImax
(MPa)
2.38
deq@PIImax
(cm)
IPA.3@MImax
fc
2.39
(Hz)
Focal Length
(b)
2.48
(µsec)
PD
PRF
M W0:11.3
2.49
(MHz)
2.38
M W01x1:10.5
3.50
3.50
17.5
(b)
FLy (cm)
8.00
8.00
8.00
(b)
Control 2
Control 3
2.48
(b)
X (cm)
2D:1.85
Col:1.51
0.83
2.12
0.83
(b)
Y (cm)
1.30
1.30
1.30
1.30
(b)
FLx (cm)
2.00
3.50
8.50
(b)
FLy (cm)
8.00
8.00
8.00
(b)
(µsec)
0.76
2.23
deq@PIImax
(cm)
(W/cm2)
0.44
212
181
Control 1
Control 1
2.46
5.51*
IPA.3@MImax
(b)
2.48
2.46
(Hz)
Focal Length
PD W0:34.7
0.44
(MPa)
0.44
(b)
2.02
Pr@PIImax
PRF
FLx (cm)
(W/cm2)
PD
1.26
2D:2.51
Col:2.71
(MHz)
Dim. of Aaprt
TIC
2.03
Pr.3
Pr.3
2D W01:50.5
Non–scan
MI
Control 2
TIS_as
Control 3
TIS_as_U
Control 4
Control 1: 2D Mode, 2D: 2.9MHz, Focus: 5.0cm, FR: 53.9Hz
Control 2: 2D (Harmonic) Mode, 2D: 2.5MHz, Focus: 3.5cm, FR: 298.6Hz
Control 3: 2D + M (Harmonic) Mode, 2D: 2.5MHz, M: 2.5MHz, Focus: 3.5cm, FR: 55.6Hz
Control 4: 2D + M (Harmonic) Mode, 2D: 2.5MHz, M: 2.5MHz, Focus: 17.5cm, FR: 12.5Hz
TIB_bs
Control 4
MI
TIS_as
TIS_as_U
TIB_bs
TIS_bs
TIS_bs
Control 1: Triple (Harmonic) Mode, 2D: 2.5MHz, Col: 2.5MHz, PD: 2.5MHz, Focus: 3.5cm, FR: 5.51Hz, PD Scale: 1.5kHz, SV Size: 0.5mm
Control 2: 2D + Color Mode, 2D: 2.9MHz, Col: 2.8MHz Focus: 2.0cm, FR: 46.6Hz
Control 3: Triple Mode, 2D: 5.6MHz, Col: 2.8MHz, PD: 2.5MHz, Focus: 3.5cm, FR: 5.5Hz, PD Scale: 1.5kHz, SV Size: 0.5mm
Control 4: Triple Mode, 2D: 5.6MHz, Col: 2.5MHz, PD: 2.5MHz, Focus: 8.5cm, FR: 3.7Hz, PD Scale: 1.0kHz, SV Size: 0.5mm
Reference Manual 176
3D2-6: Pulsed Doppler & 2D + Pulsed Doppler
3D4-9
TIS
Index Label
MI
1.12
Maximum index value
Scan
0.50
TIB
Non–scan
Aaprt≤1
Aaprt>1
0.66**
0.61
Non–scan
2.25
TIC
3D4-9: 2D & 2D + M mode
TIS
(b)
Index Label
MI
1.77
Scan
TIB
Non–scan
Pr.3
(MPa)
W0
(mW)
min of [W.3(z1), ITA.3(z1)]
(mW)
51.3
Pr.3
(MPa)
z1
(cm)
2.81
W0
(mW)
Zbp
(cm)
2.81
min of [W.3(z1), ITA.3(z1)]
(mW)
2.40
Zsp
(cm)
1.82
z1
0.94
(cm)
0.44
(cm)
deq(z)
Zbp
(cm)
0.94
(MHz)
fc
Dim. of Aaprt
2D W01:2.15
PD W01x1:35.7
2.48
X (cm)
1.30
Y (cm)
PD
PRF
Pr@PIImax
deq@PIImax
Focal Length
IPA.3@MImax
2D:3.30
PD:2.71
2D:5.90
PD:0.83
(µsec)
1.38
(Hz)
1000
(MPa)
2.1
PD W01x1:55.6
PD W0:60.0
(b)
2.50
2.50
2.50
(b)
Zsp
(cm)
0.83
2.12
0.83
(b)
deq(z)
(cm)
1.30
1.30
1.30
(b)
fc
Dim. of Aaprt
PD
0.43
Control 2
Control 3
Control 4
(b)
0.95
0.76
0.52
0.52
(b)
Y (cm)
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
(b)
FLx (cm)
1.50
3.50
2.50
(b)
FLy (cm)
3.50
3.50
3.50
(b)
(µsec)
0.29
(Hz)
71.4*
3.33
FLy (cm)
8.00
8.00
8.00
(b)
deq@PIImax
(cm)
TIS_as_U
TIB_bs
TIS_bs
Control 1
Control 2
Control 1: Pulsed Doppler Mode, PD: 2.5MHz, Focus: 3.5cm, PD Scale: 1.0kHz, SV Size: 0.5mm
Control 2: 2D + Pulsed Doppler Mode, 2D: 5.6MHz, PD: 2.8MHz, Focus: 3.5cm, FR: 37.5Hz, PD Scale: 1.5kHz, SV Size: 0.5mm
Control 3: Pulsed Doppler Mode, PD: 2.5MHz, Focus: 3.5cm, PD Scale: 3.25kHz, SV Size: 7.5mm
Control 4: Pulsed Doppler Mode, PD: 2.5MHz, Focus: 8.5cm, PD Scale: 2.25kHz, SV Size: 7.5mm
Control 3
(b)
X (cm)
(MPa)
TIS_as
M W0:3.21
4.48
Pr@PIImax
IPA.3@MImax
M W01x1:3.34
(b)
4.48
(b)
MI
2D W01:20.6
0.19+
4.49
8.50
166
0.05**
0.23
4.37
3.50
(W/cm2)
0.07
TIC
1.51
3.50
PRF
0.53
Non–scan
2.71
FLx (cm)
(cm)
Aaprt>1
5.37
(MHz)
Focal Length
Control 1
1.30
Maximum index value
Aaprt≤1
(W/cm2)
0.22
305
MI
TIS_as
TIS_as_U
Control 4
Control 1: 2D + M Mode, 2D: 4.7MHz, M: 4.7MHz, Focus: 2.5cm, FR: 71.4Hz
Control 2: 2D Mode, 2D: 7.7MHz, Focus: 1.5cm, FR: 460.3Hz
Control 3: 2D + M (Harmonic) Mode, 2D: 4.4MHz, M: 4.4MHz, Focus: 3.5cm, FR: 62.5Hz
Control 4: 2D + M (Harmonic) Mode, 2D: 4.4MHz, M: 4.4MHz, Focus: 2.5cm, FR: 71.4Hz
TIS_bs
TIB_bs
Reference Manual 177
3D4-9: 2D + Color, Triple, CPA & Triple CPA
3D4-9: Pulsed Doppler & 2D + Pulsed Doppler
TIS
Index Label
MI
1.43
Maximum index value
Pr.3
(MPa)
W0
(mW)
min of [W.3(z1), ITA.3(z1)]
(mW)
z1
Zbp
Zsp
(cm)
deq(z)
(cm)
fc
PD
0.54
Aaprt≤1
Aaprt>1
0.36
0.25**
Non–scan
0.88
TIS
TIC
(b)
2.97
Index Label
MI
1.15
Maximum index value
PD W01x1:19.2
(mW)
15.6
(cm)
0.82
z1
(cm)
0.82
(cm)
0.82
Zbp
(cm)
0.82
0.93
Zsp
(cm)
0.25
deq(z)
(cm)
2D:4.60
Col:4.99
5.01
5.00
5.00
(b)
X (cm)
2D:2.55
Col:0.95
0.68
0.40
0.40
(b)
Y (cm)
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
(b)
4.31
fc
(µsec)
0.30
PD
(b)
X (cm)
2D:2.55
PD:0.68
1.28
0.40
0.40
(b)
Y (cm)
0.60
0.60
0.60
0.60
(b)
FLx (cm)
2.50
4.50
1.50
(b)
FLy (cm)
3.50
3.50
3.50
(b)
(µsec)
0.26
3.38
(cm)
deq@PIImax
(cm)
1.50
(b)
FLy (cm)
3.50
3.50
3.50
(b)
(W/cm2)
367
Focal Length
IPA.3@MImax
MI
Control 1
TIS_as
Control 2
TIS_as_U
Control 3
TIS_bs
TIB_bs
Control 1: Triple Mode, 2D: 4.7MHz, Col: 5.1MHz, PD: 5.1MHz, Focus: 2.5cm, FR: 6.8Hz, PD Scale: 1.75kHz, SV Size: 2mm
Control 2: 2D + Color (Harmonic) Mode, 2D: 4.4MHz, Col: 5.1MHz, Focus: 0.5cm, FR: 29.5Hz
Control 3: Triple Mode, 2D: 7.7 MHz, Col: 5.1MHz, PD: 5.1MHz, Focus: 2.5cm, FR: 6.8Hz, PD Scale: 1.75kHz, SV Size: 2mm
Control 4: Triple Mode, 2D: 7.7MHz, Col: 5.1MHz, PD: 5.1MHz, Focus: 1.5cm, FR: 6.8Hz, PD Scale: 1.75kHz, SV Size: 2mm
Control 4
(b)
4.45
deq@PIImax
2.50
PD W0:20.1
4.45
54.7*
0.50
(b)
5.01
4.84
(Hz)
FLx (cm)
1.20
0.28
(MPa)
0.22
TIC
2D:5.15
PD:5.02
(MHz)
Dim. of Aaprt
Non–scan
1.00
Pr@PIImax
Control 4
2D W01:4.23
PD W01x1:10.5
min of [W.3(z1), ITA.3(z1)]
(b)
PRF
Control 3
0.33**
10.3
PD W0:13.7
3.64
Control 2
0.46
(mW)
PD W01x1:14.9
6.76*
Control 1
0.35
W0
2D W01:2.25
Col W01:20.8
(Hz)
IPA.3@MImax
Aaprt>1
2.53
(MPa)
Focal Length
Aaprt≤1
(MPa)
Pr@PIImax
PRF
Scan
TIB
Non–scan
Pr.3
(MHz)
Dim. of Aaprt
Scan
TIB
Non–scan
(W/cm2)
0.24
262
MI
TIS_as
TIS_as_U
TIS_bs
TIB_bs
Control 1: 2D + Pulsed Doppler Mode, 2D: 6.1MHz, PD: 4.4MHz, Focus: 2.5cm, FR: 54.7Hz, PD Scale: 1.75kHz, SV Size: 2mm
Control 2: 2D + Pulsed Doppler Mode, 2D: 7.7MHz, PD: 5.1MHz, Focus: 2.5cm, FR: 54.7Hz, PD Scale: 1.75kHz, SV Size: 2mm
Control 3: Pulsed Doppler Mode, PD: 5.1MHz, Focus: 4.5cm, PD Scale: 1.00kHz, SV Size: 5mm
Control 4: Pulsed Doppler Mode, PD: 4.4MHz, Focus: 1.5cm, PD Scale: 1.00kHz, SV Size: 5.5mm
Download PDF