INSTALLATION
MANUAL
AQ07X ✴
AQ09X ✴
Series
Series
Split-type Air Conditioner
(Cooling and Heating)
Safety Precautions
The following safety precautions must be taken when using your air conditioner.
Risk of electric shock. • Can cause injury or death. • Disconnect all
remote electric power supplies before servicing, installing or cleaning.
• This must be done by the manufacturer or its service agent or a similar
qualified person in order to avoid a hazard.
WARNING
INSTALLING
THE UNIT
◆
The unit should not be installed by the user. Ask the dealer or authorized
company to install the units except room air conditioners for the U.S.A and
Canada area.
◆
If the unit is installed improperly, water leakage, electric shock or fire may
result.
◆
Mount with the lowest moving parts at least 2.5 m above the floor or grade
level. (If applicable)
◆
The manufacturer does not assume responsibility for accidents or injury
caused by an incorrectly installed air conditioner. If you are unsure about
installation, contact an installation specialist.
◆ When installing the built-in type air conditioner, keep all electrical cables
such as the power cable and the connection cord in pipe, ducts, cable
channels e.t.c to protect them against liquids, outside impacts and so on.
POWER SUPPLY LINE,
FUSE OR CIRCUIT
BREAKER
◆ If the power cord of this air conditioner is damaged, it must be replaced by
the manufacturer, its service agent or similarly qualified persons in order to
avoid a hazard.
◆ The unit must be plugged into an independent circuit if applicable or
connect the power cable to the auxiliary circuit breaker. An all pole
disconnection from the power supply must be incorporated in the fixed
wiring with a contact opening of >3mm.
◆ Do not use an extension cord with this product.
◆ If the unit is equipped with a power supply cord and a plug, the plug must
be accessible after installation.
◆ The air conditioner must be installed in accordance with national wiring
regulations and safety regulations wherever applicable.
E-2
Contents
ˇ ◆ PREPARING THE INSTALLATION
■ Deciding on Where to Install the Air Conditioner ..........................................
■ Air Conditioner and Accessories ...................................................................
4
6
ˇ ◆ INSTALLING THE UNIT
■ Fixing the Installation Plate ...........................................................................
■ Purging the Unit.............................................................................................
■ Connecting the Assembly Cable ...................................................................
■ Installing and Connecting the Indoor Unit Drain Hose..................................
7
7
8
9
Installing and Connecting the Outdoor Unit Drain Hose...............................
Installing and Connecting the Indoor Unit Assembly Piping .........................
■ Cutting/Extending the Piping ........................................................................
9
10
11
ˇ ◆ COMPLETING THE INSTALLATION
■ Connecting Up and Purging the Circuit.........................................................
■ Performing Leak Tests...................................................................................
■ Placing the Indoor Unit in Position ................................................................
■ Fixing the Outdoor Unit in Position ...............................................................
■ Checking and Testing Operations .................................................................
■ Explaining Operations to the Owner .............................................................
12
13
13
14
14
15
■
■
E-3
PREPARING THE INSTALLATION
Deciding on Where to Install the Air Conditioner
When deciding on the location of the air conditioner with the owner, the following restrictions
must be taken into account.
General
Do NOT install the air conditioner in a location where it will come into contact with the following elements:
◆ Combustible gases
◆ Saline air
◆ Machine oil
◆ Sulphide gas
◆ Special environmental conditions
If you must install the unit in such conditions, first consult your dealer.
Indoor Unit
◆ There must be no obstacles near the air inlet and outlet.
◆ Install the indoor unit on a surface that can support its weight.
◆ Choose a position that enables the piping and cables to be easily connected to the outdoor unit and the
recommended length of 5 metres to be respected (15 metres maximum).
◆ Leave enough clearance beneath the indoor unit to enable the filters to be removed without hindrance.
◆ Maintain sufficient clearance around the indoor unit, as indicated in the diagram on the page opposite.
◆ Make sure that the water dripping from the drain hose runs away correctly and safely.
◆ Install the indoor unit on the wall which is far from the floor by more than 2.5 meters.
Outdoor Unit
◆ The outdoor unit must NEVER be placed on its side or upside down, as the compressor lubrication oil will run into the
cooling circuit and seriously damage the unit.
◆ Choose a location that is dry and sunny, but not exposed to direct sunlight or strong winds.
◆ Do not block any passageways or thoroughfares.
◆ Choose a location where the noise of the air conditioner when running and the discharged air do not disturb any
neighbours.
◆ Choose a position that enables the piping and cables to be easily connected to the indoor unit and the recommended
length of 5 metres to be respected (15 metres maximum).
◆ Install the outdoor unit on a flat, stable surface that can support its weight and does not generate any unnecessary
noise and vibration.
◆ Position the outdoor unit so that the air flow is directed towards the outside, as indicated by the arrows on the top of
the unit.
◆ Maintain sufficient clearance around the outdoor unit, as indicated in the diagram on the page opposite.
◆ If the outdoor unit is installed at a height, ensure that its base is firmly fixed in position; the maximum height is
7 metres.
◆ Make sure that the water dripping from the drain hose runs away correctly and safely.
CAUTION
◆ You have just purchased a split-type room air conditioner and it has been installed by
your installation specialist.
◆ This device must be installed according to the national electrical rules.
◆ Max input power & current is measured according to IEC standard and input power &
current is measured according to ISO standard.
E-4
PREPARING THE INSTALLATION
Respect the clearances and maximum lengths indicated in the diagram below when installing the unit.
300 mm or more
300 mm
or more
125 mm
or more
Wrap the refrigerant pipes and the drain
hose up in the absorbent pad and the
vinyl tape, refer to page 13.
This drain direction is selectable
to left or right.
7 metres maximum
600 mm
minimum
15 metres
maximum
300 mm
minimum
300 mm
minimum
600 mm
minimum
E-5
P REPARING
THE I NSTALLATION
Air Conditioner and Accessories
The following accessories are supplied with the air conditioner.
The quantities are indicated in parentheses.
Accessories in the Indoor Unit Case
Installation Plate (1)
Remote Control (1)
Batteries for
Remote Control (2)
User's Manual and
Installation Manual(1)
STRUCTIOONNSES
OWNER'S IN
E INSTRUCCI
MANUAL DPER
L'USO
ISTRUZIONI N
STRUÇÕES
MANUAL DE IILISATION
MANUEL D'UATNWEISUNG
GEBRAUCHS
Air ConditionerSplit
Splut-type Room
doméstico sistema
ad unità Separate
Aire acondicionado
d'aria per ambienti
Condizionatorede ar condicionado tipo Split
Aparelho
type séparé
Climatiseur de
Geteilte raumklimaanlage
Accessories in the Outdoor Unit Case
The follow ing connection accessories may be supplied, depending on the option. If they are not supplied,
it is recommended that you collect them together before starting to install the air conditioner.
Assembly Piping
Ø6.35mm (1)
Assembly Piping
Ø9.52mm (1)
PE T3 Foam Tube
Insulation (1)
Vinyl Tape,
Width 50mm (2)
M4 x 16 Tapped
Screws (6)
Drain Hose,
length 2m (1)
Putty 100g (1)
Drain Plug (1)
5-wire
Assembly Cable (1)
(**07**)
5-wire
Assembly Cable (1)
(**09**)
H05VV-F 5G, 0.75mm2
H05VV-F 5G, 1.0mm2
Cable-tie (4)
Rubber Leg (4)
The flare nuts are attached to the end of each evaporator in/ out pipe or service valve.
Use the nuts w hen connecting the pipe.
The 5-w ire assembly cable is depending on the option. If they are not supplied, Using the standard
cable.
The drain plug and rubber leg are only included when the air conditioner is supplied w ithout the
assembly piping illustrated below.
E-6
INSTALLING THE UNIT
Fixing the Installation Plate
Before fixing the installation plate to a wall or window frame, you
must determine the position of the 65 mm hole through which the
cable, piping and hose pass to connect the indoor unit up to the
outdoor unit. When facing the air conditioner in position on the wall,
the piping and cable can be connected from the:
Right
Left
Installation plate
1
Determine the position of the pipe and drain hose hole using the right
figure and drill the hole with an inner diameter of 65 mm so that it slants
slightly downwards.
2
If you are fixing the indoor unit to a...
Then follow Steps...
Wall
3.
Window frame
4 to 6.
3
30mm
Rear (right or left)
Pipe hole
(Ø65mm)
(Unit : mm)
90
90
Fix the installation plate to the wall in a manner appropriate to the weight
of the indoor unit.
If you are mounting the plate on a concrete wall with anchor
bolts, the anchor bolts must not project by more than 20 mm.
4
Determine the positions of the wooden uprights to be attached to the
window frame.
5
Attach the wooden uprights to the window frame in a manner appropriate
to the weight of the indoor unit.
6
Using tapped screws, attach the installation plate to the wooden uprights,
as illustrated in the last figure opposite.
Purging the Unit
On delivery, the indoor unit is loaded with an inert gas. All this gas
must therefore be purged before connecting the assembly piping.
To purge the inert gas, proceed as follows.
Unscrew the caps at the end of each pipe.
Result: All inert gas escapes from the indoor unit.
To prevent dirt or foreign objects from getting into the pipes
during installation, do NOT remove the caps completely until
you are ready to connect the piping.
E-7
INSTALLING THE AIR CONDITIONER
Connecting the Assembly Cable
The outdoor unit is powered from the indoor unit through the assembly cable.
If the outdoor unit is more than 5 meters away from the indoor unit, you must
extend the cable. The maximum length of the cable is 15 meters.
1
Extend the assembly cable if necessary.
.
2
Remove the cover terminal on the side of the indoor unit.
3
Pass the assembly cable through the rear of the indoor unit and connect
the assembly cable to terminals as seen in the picture.
Each wire is labeled with the corresponding terminal number.
Indoor Unit N 1 1
2
3
E
N1
11N
2
3
E
N1
1
2
3
Outdoor Unit N 1 1
2
3
**Screws on terminal block must
not be unscrewed with the torque
less than 12 kgf.cm.
4
Pass the other end of the cable through the 65mm hole in the wall.
5
Close the connector cover tightening the screw carefully.
6
Close the cover terminal.
7
Remove the terminal board cover on the side of the outdoor unit.
8
Connect the cables to the terminals as seen in the picture.
Each wire is labeled with the corresponding terminal number.
The designs and shape are subject to change
according to the model.
9
Connect the earth conductor to the earth terminals.
10
Close the terminal board cover tightening the screw carefully.
Specially for Russian and European market, Before installation,
the supply authorithy should be consulted to determine the
supply system impedance to ensure compliance.
Power cable specification
Power cable
Interconnection cable
**07**
-
5G, 0.75mm
H05VV-F
**09**
-
5G, 1.0mm
H05VV-F
Model
2
2
Connect the power cable to the auxiliary circuit breaker
If every pole fails to connect to the power supply, it must
be incorporated in a wire with a contact opening of >3mm.
E-8
INSTALLING THE UNIT
Installing and Connecting the Indoor Unit Drain Hose
Care must be taken when installing the drain hose for the indoor unit to ensure that any condensation
water is correctly drained outside. When passing the drain hose through the 65 mm hole drilled in the
wall, check that none of the following situations occur.
5 cm
less
The hose must
NOT slope
upwards.
The end of the drain
hose must NOT be
placed in water.
Do NOT bend the
hose in different
directions.
Ditch
Keep a clearance of
at least 5 cm between
the end of the hose
and the ground.
Do NOT place the
end of the drain hose
in a hollow.
To install the drain hose, proceed as follows.
1
If necessary, connect the 2-metre extension to the drain hose.
2
If you are using the extension, insulate the inside part of the extension
drain hose with a shield.
3
Shield
Drain hose
Extension drain hose
Install a drain hose on one of two drain hose holes, then fix tight the end of a
drain hose with a clamp.
Block the rest you don't use with a rubber stopper.
4
Pass the drain hose under the refrigerant piping, taking care to keep the
drain hose tight.
5
Pass the drain hose through the hole in the wall, making sure that it is
sloping downwards, as shown in the illustrations above.
The hose will be fixed permanently into position once the
whole installation has been tested for gas leaks;
refer to page 13 for further details.
Installing and Connecting the Outdoor Unit Drain Hose
When using the air conditioner in the heating mode, ice may
accumulate. During de-icing, the condensed water must be drained
off safely. Consequently, you must install a drain hose on the outdoor
unit, following the instructions below .
1
Insert the drain plug into the drain hole on the underside of the outdoor unit.
Drain hole (option)
Drain hole
There are 3 drain holes on the underside. You can use any hole for
your convenience.
2
Connect the drain hose to the drain plug.
3
Ensure that the drained water runs off correctly and safely.
E-9
INSTALLING THE UNIT
Installing and Connecting the Indoor Unit Assembly Piping
There are two refrigerant pipes of different diameters:
A smaller one for the liquid refrigerant
A larger one for the gas refrigerant
A short length of piping is already fitted to the air conditioner. You must
extend this piping using assembly piping (optionally supplied).
The connection procedure for the refrigerant piping varies according to the
exit position of the piping from the indoor unit, as seen when facing the air
conditioner in position on the wall:
B
A
ˇ
Right (A)
ˇ
Left (B)
ˇ
Rear
1
With a knife, cut out the appropriate knock-out piece on the rear of the
indoor unit (unless you are connecting directly from the rear).
2
Smooth the cut edges.
3
Remove the protection caps on the pipes and connect the assembly piping
to each pipe, tightening the nuts, first manually and then with a torque
wrench, applying the following torque.
Outer Diameter
6.35 mm
9.52 mm
Torque (kgf•cm)
140~170
250~280
If the piping must be shortened or extended, refer to page 11.
4
Cut off any excess foam insulation.
5
If necessary, bend the pipe round, along the bottom of the indoor unit and
out through the appropriate hole, taking care to ensure that:
The piping does not jut out from the rear of the indoor unit
The bending radius is 100 mm or more
6
Pass the piping through the hole in the wall.
7
For further details on how to connect up to the outdoor unit and purge the
circuit, refer to page 12.
The piping will be insulated and fixed permanently into position once
the whole installation has been tested for gas leaks; refer to page 13
for further details.
E-10
INSTALLING THE UNIT
Cutting/Extending the Piping
5 metres of piping is supplied with the air conditioner(Optional).
This length can if necessary be:
ˇ
ˇ
Extended to a maximum of 15metres
Shortened as required
If more than 5 metres of piping is required:
ˇ
The assembly cable must also be extended
ˇ
Refrigerant must be added to the circuit by an approved
installer; otherwise, the indoor unit may freeze
1
Make sure that you have the required tools available (pipe cutter, reamer,
flaring tool and pipe holder).
2
If you wish to shorten the piping, cut it using a pipe cutter, taking care to
ensure that the cut edge remains at a 90 angle with the side of the pipe,
and referring to the illustrations below for examples of edges cut correctly
and incorrectly.
O
Oblique
90
O
O
Rough
x
Burr
x
x
3
To prevent any gas from leaking out, remove all burrs at the cut end of the
pipe, using a reamer.
4
Slide a flare nut on to the pipe and modify the flare.
5
Outer Diameter (D)
Depth (A)
6.35 mm
9.52 mm
1.3 mm
1.8 mm
Check that the flaring is correct, referring to the illustrations below for
examples of incorrect flaring.
x
x
Inclined
6
Damaged Surface
x
Cracked
Uneven Thickness
Align the pipes to be connected and tighten the flare nuts first manually and
then with a torque wrench, applying the following torque.
Outer Diameter
6.35 mm
9.52 mm
7
x
Torque (kgf•cm)
140 ~ 170
250 ~ 280
For further details on how to connect up to the outdoor unit and purge the
circuit, refer to page 12.
E-11
COMPLETING THE INSTALLATION
Connecting Up and Purging the Circuit
The outdoor unit is loaded with sufficient R22 refrigerant for 5 metres
of piping. The air in the indoor unit and in the pipe must be purged.
If air remains in the refrigeration pipes, it will affect the compressor, reduce to
cooling/ heating capacity and could lead to a malfunction.
Refrigerant for air purging is not charged in the outdoor unit.
Use Vacuum Pump as shown at the figure.
Outdoor unit
Indoor unit
A
Gas pipe side C
B
Liquid pipe side D
1
Connect each assembly pipe to the appropriate valve on the outdoor unit
and tighten the flare nut.
2
Referring to the illustration opposite, tighten the flare nut first manually and
then with a torque wrench, applying the following torque.
Outer Diameter
6.35 mm
9.52 mm
Torque (kgf•cm)
140~170
250~280
3
Connect the charging hose of low pressure side of manifold gauge to the
packed valve having a service port as shown at the figure.
4
Open the valve of the low pressure side of manifold gauge
counterclockwise.
5
Purge the air from the system using vacuum pump for about 10 minutes.
- Close the valve of the low pressure side of manifold gauge clockwise.
- Make sure that pressure gauge show -0.1MPa(-76cmHg) after about
- 10minutes.
- This procedure is very important in order to avoid gas leak.
- Turn off the vacuum pump.
- Remove the hose of the low pressure side of manifold gauge.
6
Set valve cork of both liquid side and gas side of packed valve to the open
position.
7
Mount the valve stem nuts and the service port cap to the valve, and
tighten them at the torque of 183kgf•cm with a torque wrench.
8
Check for gas leakage.
- At this time, especially check for gas leakage from the 3-way valve’s
stem nuts, and from the service port cap.
Vacuum Pump
*
The designs and shape are subject to
change according to the model.
Valve stem
Stem cap
A
(gas)
B
(liquid)
Adding Refrigerant
Refrigerant must be added if the piping measures more than 5 metres in length.
This operation can only be performed by a qualified refrigeration specialist.
If you have used...
Then...
More than 5 metres
of piping
'20'g of refrigerant R22
must be added for each
extra metre.
Less than 5 metres
of piping
The purge time is normal.
Refer to the Service Manual for more details on this operation.
E-12
COMPLETING THE INSTALLATION
Performing Leak Tests
Before completing the installation (insulation of the cables, hose and
piping and fixing of the indoor unit to the installation plate), you must
check that there are no gas leaks.
To check for gas leaks on the...
Then, using a leak detector,
check the...
Indoor unit
Flare nuts at the end of sections
C and D.
Outdoor unit
Valves on sections A and B.
C
D
A
B
The designs and shape are subject to
change according to the model.
Placing the Indoor Unit in Position
Once you have checked that there are no leaks in the system, you can insulate
the piping, hose and cables and place the indoor unit on the installation plate.
1
To avoid condensation problems, place heat-resistant polyethylene foam
separately around each refrigerant pipe in the lower part of the indoor unit.
2
Wrap the refrigerant pipes and the drain hose located at the rear of the
indoor unit up in the absorbent pad.
Triply wind the pipes and hose to the end of the indoor unit with
the absorbent pad (make intervals of 20mm).
3
Wind insulating tape around the pipes, assembly cable and drain hose.
4
Place the resulting bundle carefully in the lower part of the indoor unit,
making sure that it does not jut out from the rear of the indoor unit.
5
Hook the indoor unit on to the installation plate and move the unit to the right
and left until you are sure that it is securely in place.
6
Finish wrapping vinyl tape around the rest of the piping leading to the
outdoor unit.
7
Using clamps (optionally supplied), attach the piping to the wall wherever
possible.
Installation plate
E-13
COMPLETING THE INSTALLATION
Fixing the Outdoor Unit in Position
456.5 mm
The outdoor unit must be installed on a rigid and stable base to
avoid any increase in the noise level and vibration, particularly if the
outdoor unit is to be installed close to a neighbour .
254mm
If it is to be installed in a location exposed to strong winds or at a height,
the unit must be fixed to an appropriate support (wall or ground).
Rubber leg
1
Position the outdoor unit so that the air flow is directed towards the
outside, as indicated by the arrows on the top of the unit.
2
Attach the outdoor unit to the appropriate support using anchor bolts.
3
If the outdoor unit is exposed to strong winds, install shield plates around
the outdoor unit, so that the fan can operate correctly.
Certainly fix up its rubber leg, in order to prevent its vibration
and noise.
Checking and Testing Operations
To complete the installation, perform the following checks and tests to
ensure that the air conditioner is operating correctly.
1
Review all the following elements in the installation:
Installation site strength
Piping connection tightness to detect any gas leakages
Connection wiring
Heat-resistant insulation of the piping
Drainage
Earthing wire connection
Correct operations (follow the steps below)
2
Press the
button.
Result:
The indicator lights on the indoor unit flash at half-second
intervals.
While the indoor unit opens, the indoor unit fan runs to start.
Press the
button.
3
Result:
4
E-14
The outdoor unit operates in cooling mode as following
the room temperature.
Air flow direction
Press the
button and check that the air flow
blades work properly.
COMPLETING THE INSTALLATION
ENGLISH
Explaining Operations to the Owner
Before leaving the premises on which you have installed the air conditioner,
you should explain the following operations to the owner, making reference
to the appropriate pages in the owner’s instruction booklet.
1
How to start and stop the air conditioner.
2
How to select the operating mode and adjust the temperature and fan
settings.
3
How to adjust the air flow direction.
4
How to set the timers.
5
How to remove and clean the filters.
➢
Once the owner is happy with the basic operations, hand over
the owner’s instruction booklet and this installation manual
for storage in a handy and safe place.
E-15
ELECTRONICS
AQ07X*_R_IM_27212
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◆ ìÒÚ‡ÌÓ‚ËÚ ڇÍ, ˜ÚÓ·˚ ÌËÊÌË ‰‚ËÊËÏ˚ ‰ÂÚ‡ÎË ·˚ÎË ‚˚¯Â,
˜ÂÏ 2,5Ï ÓÚ ÔÓ· ËÎË ÔÓ‚ÂıÌÓÒÚË. (èË ÌÂÓ·ıÓ‰ËÏÓÒÚË)
◆ èÓËÁ‚Ó‰ËÚÂθ Ì ÌÂÒÂÚ ÓÚ‚ÂÚÒÚ‚ÂÌÌÓÒÚË Á‡ ÌÂÒ˜‡ÒÌ˚ ÒÎÛ˜‡Ë ËÎË
ÚÂÎÂÒÌ˚ ÔÓ‚ÂʉÂÌËfl, ÔÓËÁӯ‰¯Ë ‚ÒΉÒÚ‚ËË Ì‚ÂÌÓÈ
ÛÒÚ‡ÌÓ‚ÍË ÍÓ̉ˈËÓÌÂ‡.
◆ èË ÛÒÚ‡ÌÓ‚Í ‚ÒÚÓÂÌÌÓ„Ó ÚËÔ‡ ÍÓ̉ˈËÓÌÂ‡, ı‡ÌËÚ ‚ÒÂ
˝ÎÂÍÚÓ͇·ÂÎfl, Ú‡ÍËÂ Í‡Í Í‡·Âθ ÔËÚ‡ÌËfl Ë ÒÓ‰ËÌËÚÂθÌ˚È Í‡·Âθ
‚ ÚÛ·Â, ͇·ÂθÌ˚ı ͇̇·ı Ë Ú.‰., ‚Ó ËÁ·ÂʇÌËË ÔÓÔ‡‰‡ÌËfl ̇ ÌËı
ÊˉÍÓÒÚË ËÎË ‰Û„Ëı ‚¢ÂÒÚ‚.
◆ ÖÒÎË Í‡·Âθ ÔËÚ‡ÌËfl ÍÓ̉ˈËÓÌÂ‡ ÔÓ‚ÂʉÂÌ, Â„Ó ÌÂÓ·ıÓ‰ËÏÓ
Á‡ÏÂÌËÚ¸ Û ÔÓËÁ‚Ó‰ËÚÂÎfl, ·˛Ó ÒÂ‚ËÒÌÓ„Ó Ó·ÒÎÛÊË‚‡ÌËfl ËÎË
Í‚‡ÎËÙˈËÓ‚‡ÌÌÓ„Ó ÒÔˆˇÎËÒÚ‡ ‚Ó ËÁ·ÂʇÌËË ˝ÎÂÍÚÓ¯Ó͇.
◆ ìÒÚÓÈÒÚÓ ‰ÓÎÊÌÓ ·˚Ú¸ ÔÓ‰Íβ˜ÂÌÓ Í Ë̉˂ˉۇθÌÓÏÛ ËÒÚÓ˜ÌËÍÛ
ÔËÚ‡ÌËfl ËÎË Í ‚ÒÔÓÏÓ„‡ÚÂθÌÓÏÛ ÔÂ˚‚‡ÚÂβ. ÇÒÂÔÓÎflÌÓÂ
ÓÚÍβ˜ÂÌË ÓÚ ˝ÎÂÍÚÓÔËÚ‡ÌËfl ‰ÓÎÊÌÓ ·˚Ú¸ Ó·˙‰ËÌÂÌÓ ‚
Á‡ÙËÍÒËÓ‚‡ÌÌÛ˛ ÔÓ‚Ó‰ÍÛ Ò ÓÚ‚ÂÒÚËÂÏ Ì ÏÂÌ 3 ÏÏ.
◆ ç ËÒÔÓθÁÛÈÚ ۉÎËÌËÚÂθ ‰Îfl ‰‡ÌÌÓ„Ó ËÁ‰ÂÎËfl.
◆ ÖÒÎË ÛÒÚÓÈÒÚ‚Ó ÓÒ̇˘ÂÌÓ ÔÓ‚Ó‰ÓÏ ˝ÎÂÍÚÓÔËÚ‡ÌËfl Ë ‚ËÎÍÓÈ,
ÔÓÒÚ‡‡ÈÚÂÒ¸ ˜ÚÓ·˚ ‚ËÎ͇ ‚Ò„‰‡ ·˚· ‰ÓÒÚÛÔ̇.
◆ äÓ̉ˈËÓÌÂ ‰ÓÎÊÂÌ ·˚Ú¸ ÛÒÚ‡ÌÓ‚ÎÂÌ ‚ ÒÓÓÚ‚ÂÚÒÚ‚ËË Ò
̇ˆËÓ̇θÌ˚ÏË Ô‡‚Ë·ÏË ÔÓ ˝ÎÂÍÚÓÔÓ‚Ó‰ÍÂ Ë ·ÂÁÓÔ‡ÒÌÓÒÚË.
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ëÓ‰ÂʇÌËÂ
◆ èÓ‰„ÓÚӂ͇ Í ÛÒÚ‡ÌÓ‚ÍÂ
■
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Ç˚·Ó ÏÂÒÚ‡ ‰Îfl ÛÒÚ‡ÌÓ‚ÍË ÍÓ̉ˈËÓÌÂ‡ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
äÓ̉ˈËÓÌÂ Ë ÔË̇‰ÎÂÊÌÓÒÚË Í ÌÂÏÛ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4
6
◆ ìÒÚ‡Ìӂ͇ ÛÒÚÓÈÒÚ‚‡
åÓÌÚ‡Ê ÛÒÚ‡ÌÓ‚Ó˜ÌÓÈ Ô·ÒÚËÌ˚ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
쉇ÎÂÌË „‡Á‡ ËÁ ·ÎÓ͇ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
èÓ‰Íβ˜ÂÌË ÒÓ‰ËÌËÚÂθÌÓ„Ó Í‡·ÂÎfl . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
åÓÌÚ‡Ê Ë ÔÓ‰ÒÓ‰ËÌÂÌË ‰Â̇ÊÌÓ„Ó ¯Î‡Ì„‡ Í ÍÓÏ̇ÚÌÓÏÛ ·ÎÓÍÛ . . . . . . . . .
ìÒÚ‡Ìӂ͇ Ë èÓ‰ÒÓ‰ËÌÂÌË ÑÂ̇ÊÌÓ„Ó ò·̄‡ äÓÏ̇ÚÌÓ„Ó ÅÎÓ͇ . . . . . . .
åÓÌÚ‡Ê Ë ÔÓ‰ÒÓ‰ËÌÂÌË ÚÛ·ÓÔÓ‚Ó‰‡ Í ÍÓÏ̇ÚÌÓÏÛ ·ÎÓÍÛ . . . . . . . . . . . . .
êÂÁ͇ ÚÛ·ÓÍ/ ì‰ÎËÌÂÌË ÚÛ·ÓÔÓ‚Ó‰‡ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7
7
8
9
9
10
11
◆ ᇂÂ¯ÂÌË ÛÒÚ‡ÌÓ‚ÍË
■
èÓ‰ÒÓ‰ËÌÂÌË ÚÛ·ÓÔÓ‚Ó‰‡ Ë Û‰‡ÎÂÌË ËÁ ÌÂ„Ó ‚ÓÁ‰Ûı‡ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
■
èÓ‚Â͇ ÓÚÒÛÚÒÚ‚Ëfl ÛÚ˜ÍË „‡Á‡ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
■
ìÒÚ‡Ìӂ͇ ÍÓÏ̇ÚÌÓ„Ó ·ÎÓ͇ ‚ ÌÛÊÌÓÏ ÔÓÎÓÊÂÌËË . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
■
á‡ÍÂÔÎÂÌË ç‡ÛÊÌÓ„Ó ÅÎÓ͇ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
■
èÓ‚ÂÍË Ë ÔÓ·Ì˚È ÔÛÒÍ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
■
àÌÒÚÛÍÚ‡Ê ÔÓθÁÓ‚‡ÚÂÎfl . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
12
13
13
14
14
15
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■
■
■
■
■
■
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èÓ‰„ÓÚӂ͇ Í ÛÒÚ‡ÌÓ‚ÍÂ
Ç˚·Ó ÏÂÒÚ‡ ‰Îfl ÛÒÚ‡ÌÓ‚ÍË ÍÓ̉ˈËÓÌÂ‡
äÓ„‰‡ ‚˚ Ë ‚·‰ÂΈ ÍÓ̉ˈËÓÌÂ‡ ‚˚·Ë‡ÂÚ ÏÂÒÚÓ ‰Îfl Â„Ó ÛÒÚ‡ÌÓ‚ÍË, ÌÂÓ·ıÓ‰ËÏÓ
Û˜ËÚ˚‚‡Ú¸ ÌËÊÂÒÎÂ‰Û˛˘Ë ӄ‡Ì˘ÂÌËfl.
鷢ˠӄ‡Ì˘ÂÌËfl
çÖ ÛÒڇ̇‚ÎË‚‡ÈÚ ÍÓ̉ˈËÓÌÂ ‚ Ú‡ÍËı ÏÂÒÚ‡ı, „‰Â ̇ ÌÂ„Ó ÏÓ„ÛÚ ‚ÓÁ‰ÂÈÒÚ‚Ó‚‡Ú¸ ÒÎÂ‰Û˛˘Ë هÍÚÓ˚:
◆ ã„ÍÓ‚ÓÒÔ·ÏÂÌfl˛˘ËÂÒfl „‡Á˚
◆ ÇÓÁ‰Ûı, ̇Ò˚˘ÂÌÌ˚È Ô‡‡ÏË ÒÓÎÂÈ
◆ 凯ËÌÌÓ χÒÎÓ
◆ ëÂÌËÒÚ˚È „‡Á
◆ éÒÓ·˚ ÛÒÎÓ‚Ëfl ÓÍÛʇ˛˘ÂÈ Ò‰˚
ÖÒÎË ÌÂθÁfl ËÁ·Âʇڸ ÛÒÚ‡ÌÓ‚ÍË ÍÓ̉ˈËÓÌÂ‡ ‚ Ú‡ÍËı ÏÂÒÚ‡ı, Ó·‡ÚËÚÂÒ¸ Á‡ ÍÓÌÒÛθڇˆËÂÈ ‚ χ„‡ÁËÌ,
‚ ÍÓÚÓÓÏ ‚˚ Â„Ó ÔÓÍÛÔ‡ÎË.
äÓÏ̇ÚÌ˚È ·ÎÓÍ
◆ Ç˚·ÂËÚ ÏÂÒÚÓ, „‰Â ÌÂÚ ÔÂÔflÚÒÚ‚ËÈ fl‰ÓÏ Ò ‚ÓÁ‰ÛıÓ‚˚ÔÛÒÍÌ˚Ï ÓÚ‚ÂÒÚËÂÏ Ë ‚ÓÁ‰ÛıÓÁ‡·ÓÌËÍÓÏ.
◆ ìÒÚ‡ÌÓ‚ËÚ ÍÓÏ̇ÚÌ˚È ·ÎÓÍ Ì‡ ÔÓ‚ÂıÌÓÒÚ¸, ÍÓÚÓ‡fl ÏÓÊÂÚ ‚˚‰Âʇڸ Â„Ó ‚ÂÒ.
◆ Ç˚·ÂËÚ ÏÂÒÚÓ, „‰Â ÏÓÊÌÓ Î„ÍÓ ÒÏÓÌÚËÓ‚‡Ú¸ ÚÛ·ÓÔÓ‚Ó‰ Ë Í‡·ÂÎË, Ë‰Û˘ËÂ Í Ì‡ÛÊÌÓÏÛ ·ÎÓÍÛ,
Ó·ÂÒÔ˜˂ ÔË ˝ÚÓÏ ÂÍÓÏẨÛÂÏÛ˛ ‰ÎËÌÛ ÚÛ·ÓÔÓ‚Ó‰‡ Ì ·ÓΠ5Ï (χÍÒËÏÛÏ 15Ï).
◆ Ç˚·ÂËÚ ÏÂÒÚÓ, ‚ ÍÓÚÓÓÏ ÔÓ‰ ÍÓÏ̇ÚÌ˚Ï ·ÎÓÍÓÏ ·Û‰ÂÚ ËÏÂÚ¸Òfl ÔÓÒÚ‡ÌÒÚ‚Ó, ÔÓÁ‚ÓÎfl˛˘ÂÂ
·ÂÒÔÂÔflÚÒÚ‚ÂÌÌÓ ‚˚ÌËχڸ ÙËθÚ˚.
◆ Ç˚·ÂËÚ ÏÂÒÚÓ, „‰Â Ó·ÂÒÔ˜˂‡ÂÚÒfl ÔÓÒÚ‡ÌÒÚ‚Ó ‚ÓÍÛ„ ÍÓÏ̇ÚÌÓ„Ó ·ÎÓ͇, ÚÂ·Û˛˘ÂÂÒfl ‚ ÒÓÓÚ‚ÂÚÒÚ‚ËË
Ò ËÒÛÌÍÓÏ Ì‡ ÒÎÂ‰Û˛˘ÂÈ ÒÚ‡ÌˈÂ.
◆ ë‰Â·ÈÚÂ, ˜ÚÓ·˚ ‰Îfl ‚Ó‰˚, ͇ԇ˛˘ÂÈ ËÁ ‰Â̇ÊÌÓ„Ó ¯Î‡Ì„‡, ·˚Î Ó·ÂÒÔ˜ÂÌ Ô‡‚ËθÌ˚È Ë ·ÂÁÓÔ‡ÒÌ˚È ÒÚÓÍ.
◆ ìÒÚ‡ÌÓ‚ËÚ ÍÓÏ̇ÚÌ˚È ·ÎÓÍ Ì‡ ÒÚÂÌ ̇ ‚˚ÒÓÚ ·ÓΠ2,5Ï ÓÚ ÔÓ·.
ç‡ÛÊÌ˚È ·ÎÓÍ
◆ ç‡ÛÊÌ˚È ·ÎÓÍ çàäéÉÑÄ Ì ‰ÓÎÊÂÌ ÛÒڇ̇‚ÎË‚‡Ú¸Òfl ̇ ·ÓÍÛ ËÎË ‚ ÔÂ‚ÂÌÛÚÓÏ ‚ˉÂ, Ú‡Í Í‡Í ‚ ˝ÚÓÏ
ÒÎÛ˜‡Â χÒÎÓ, Ó·ÂÒÔ˜˂‡˛˘Â ÒχÁÍÛ ÍÓÏÔÂÒÒÓ‡, ÔÓÔ‡‰ÂÚ ‚ ÍÓÌÚÛ ı·‰‡„ÂÌÚ‡ Ë ÒÂ¸ÂÁÌÓ ÔÓ‚‰ËÚ ·ÎÓÍ.
◆ Ç˚·ÂËÚ ÒÛıÓ ÒÓÎ̘ÌÓ ÏÂÒÚÓ, ÌÓ Ú‡ÍÓÂ, ˜ÚÓ·˚ ̇ ·ÎÓÍ Ì ԇ‰‡Î ÔflÏÓÈ ÒÓÎ̘Ì˚È Ò‚ÂÚ Ë ÓÌ Ì ·˚Î
ÓÚÍ˚Ú ÒËθÌ˚Ï ‚ÂÚ‡Ï.
◆ ç Á‡„Ó‡ÊË‚‡ÈÚ ·ÎÓÍÓÏ ÔÓıÓ‰˚ ËÎË ÔÓÂÁ‰˚.
◆ Ç˚·ÂËÚ ÏÂÒÚÓ, „‰Â ¯ÛÏ ÓÚ ‡·ÓÚ˚ ·ÎÓ͇ Ë ‚˚ÔÛÒ͇ÂÏ˚È ‚ÓÁ‰Ûı Ì ·Û‰ÛÚ Ô˘ËÌflÚ¸ ·ÂÒÔÓÍÓÈÒÚ‚‡ ÒÓÒ‰flÏ.
◆ Ç˚·ÂËÚ ÏÂÒÚÓ, „‰Â ÏÓÊÌÓ Î„ÍÓ ÒÏÓÌÚËÓ‚‡Ú¸ ÚÛ·ÓÔÓ‚Ó‰ Ë Í‡·ÂÎË, Ë‰Û˘ËÂ Í ÍÓÏ̇ÚÌÓÏÛ ·ÎÓÍÛ,
Ó·ÂÒÔ˜˂ ÔË ˝ÚÓÏ ÂÍÓÏẨÛÂÏÛ˛ ‰ÎËÌÛ ÚÛ·ÓÔÓ‚Ó‰‡ Ì ·ÓΠ5Ï (χÍÒËÏÛÏ 15Ï).
◆ ìÒÚ‡ÌÓ‚ËÚ ̇ÛÊÌ˚È ·ÎÓÍ Ì‡ Ó‚ÌÓÂ Ë ÔÓ˜ÌÓ ÓÒÌÓ‚‡ÌËÂ, ÍÓÚÓÓ ÏÓÊÂÚ ‚˚‰Âʇڸ Â„Ó ‚ÂÒ Ë Ì ÔË‚Ó‰ËÚ
Í Û‚Â΢ÂÌ˲ ¯Ûχ Ë ‚Ë·‡ˆËË.
◆ éËÂÌÚËÛÈÚ ̇ÛÊÌ˚È ·ÎÓÍ Ú‡ÍËÏ Ó·‡ÁÓÏ, ˜ÚÓ·˚ ÔÓÚÓÍ ‚ÓÁ‰Ûı‡ ·˚Π̇Ô‡‚ÎÂÌ Ì‡ÛÊÛ, Í‡Í ÔÓ͇Á‡ÌÓ
ÒÚÂÎ͇ÏË, ̇ËÒÓ‚‡ÌÌ˚ÏË Ì‡ ‚ÂıÌÂÈ ÔÓ‚ÂıÌÓÒÚË ·ÎÓ͇.
◆ Ç˚·ÂËÚ ÏÂÒÚÓ, „‰Â Ó·ÂÒÔ˜˂‡ÂÚÒfl ÔÓÒÚ‡ÌÒÚ‚Ó ‚ÓÍÛ„ ̇ÛÊÌÓ„Ó ·ÎÓ͇, ÚÂ·Û˛˘ÂÂÒfl ‚ ÒÓÓÚ‚ÂÚÒÚ‚ËË Ò
ËÒÛÌÍÓÏ Ì‡ ÒÎÂ‰Û˛˘ÂÈ ÒÚ‡ÌˈÂ.
◆ Ç ÒÎÛ˜‡Â, ÂÒÎË ·ÎÓÍ ÛÒڇ̇‚ÎË‚‡ÂÚÒfl ‚˚ÒÓÍÓ, Ó·ÂÒÔ˜¸Ú ÍÂÔÎÂÌËÂ Â„Ó ÌÓÊÂÍ; χÍÒËχθ̇fl ‚˚ÒÓÚ‡ ‡‚̇
7Ï.
◆ ë‰Â·ÈÚÂ, ˜ÚÓ·˚ ‰Îfl ‚Ó‰˚, ͇ԇ˛˘ÂÈ ËÁ ‰Â̇ÊÌÓ„Ó ¯Î‡Ì„‡, ·˚Î Ó·ÂÒÔ˜ÂÌ Ô‡‚ËθÌ˚È Ë ·ÂÁÓÔ‡ÒÌ˚È ÒÚÓÍ.
èêÖÑéëíÖêÖÜÖçàÖ
◆ Ç˚ ÚÓθÍÓ ˜ÚÓ ÔËÓ·ÂÎË ÍÓÏ̇ÚÌ˚È ÍÓ̉ˈËÓÌÂ ÒËÒÚÂÏ˚ ÒÔÎËÚ Ë ÓÌ ·˚Î
ÛÒÚ‡ÌÓ‚ÎÂÌ ÒÔˆˇÎËÒÚÓÏ ÔÓ ÛÒÚ‡ÌÓ‚Í ÍÓ̉ˈËÓÌÂÓ‚.
◆ ùÚÓ ËÁ‰ÂÎË ‰ÓÎÊÌÓ ·˚Ú¸ ÛÒÚ‡ÌÓ‚ÎÂÌÓ ‚ ÒÓÓÚ‚ÂÚÒÚ‚ËË Ò Ì‡ˆËÓ̇θÌ˚ÏË
˝ÎÂÍÚÓÚÂıÌ˘ÂÒÍËÏË ÌÓχÏË Ë Ô‡‚Ë·ÏË.
◆ å‡ÍÒËχθÌÓ ̇ÔflÊÂÌËÂ Ë ÒË· ÚÓ͇ ÓÔ‰ÂÎfl˛ÚÒfl Òӄ·ÒÌÓ Òڇ̉‡Ú‡Ï
IEC Ë ISO.
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èÓ‰„ÓÚӂ͇ Í ÛÒÚ‡ÌÓ‚ÍÂ
èË ÛÒÚ‡ÌÓ‚Í ÍÓ̉ˈËÓÌÂ‡ Ó·ÂÒÔ˜¸Ú ÔÓÏÂÊÛÚÍË Ë Ï‡ÍÒËχθÌ˚ ‰ÎËÌ˚,
Û͇Á‡ÌÌ˚ ̇ ËÒÛÌÍ ÌËÊÂ.
300 ÏÏ ËÎË ·ÓÎÂÂ
300 ÏÏ ËÎË
·ÓÎÂÂ
125 ÏÏ ËÎË
·ÓÎÂÂ
ìÔ‡ÍÛÈÚ ÚÛ·˚ ‰Îfl ı·‰‡„ÂÌÚ‡ Ë
‰Â̇ÊÌ˚È ¯Î‡Ì„, ‚ÔËÚ˚‚‡˛˘ËÈ
‚·„Û ÔÓÍ·‰ÍÓÈ Ë ‚ËÌËÎÓ‚ÓÈ
ÍÎÂÈÍÓÈ ÎÂÌÚÓÈ (ÒÏ. ÒÚ. 13)
ç‡Ô‡‚ÎÂÌËÂ
‚Ó‰ÓÓÚ‚Ó‰‡ ÏÓÊÂÚ ·˚Ú¸
‚Ô‡‚Ó ËÎË ‚΂Ó.
å‡ÍÒËÏÛÏ 7Ï
åËÌËÏÛÏ
600 ÏÏ
åËÌËÏÛÏ
300 ÏÏ
å‡ÍÒËÏÛÏ 15Ï
åËÌËÏÛÏ
300 ÏÏ
åËÌËÏÛÏ
600 ÏÏ
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èÓ‰„ÓÚӂ͇ Í ÛÒÚ‡ÌÓ‚ÍÂ
äÓ̉ˈËÓÌÂ Ë ÔË̇‰ÎÂÊÌÓÒÚË Í ÌÂÏÛ
Ç ÍÓÏÔÎÂÍÚ ÔÓÒÚ‡‚ÍË ÍÓ̉ˈËÓÌÂ‡ ‚ıÓ‰flÚ ÒÎÂ‰Û˛˘Ë ÔË̇‰ÎÂÊÌÓÒÚË.
➢
äÓ΢ÂÒÚ‚‡ Ô˂‰ÂÌ˚ ‚ ÒÍӷ͇ı.
èË̇‰ÎÂÊÌÓÒÚË, ÛÔ‡ÍÓ‚‡ÌÌ˚ ‚ ÍÓÓ·ÍÛ ÍÓÏ̇ÚÌÓ„Ó ·ÎÓ͇
ìÒÚ‡ÌӂӘ̇fl
Ô·ÒÚË̇ (1)
èÛÎ¸Ú ‰ËÒڇ̈ËÓÌÌÓ„Ó
ÛÔ‡‚ÎÂÌËfl (1)
ŇڇÂË ‰Îfl ÔÛθڇ Ñì
(2)
êÛÍÓ‚Ó‰ÒÚ‚Ó ÔÓθÁÓ‚‡ÚÂÎfl
Ë ÛÍÓ‚Ó‰ÒÚ‚Ó ÔÓ
ÛÒÚ‡ÌÓ‚ÍÂ(1)
èË̇‰ÎÂÊÌÓÒÚË, ÛÔ‡ÍÓ‚‡ÌÌ˚ ‚ ÍÓÓ·ÍÛ ÍÓÏ̇ÚÌÓ„Ó ·ÎÓ͇
Ç Á‡‚ËÒËÏÓÒÚË ÓÚ ÏÓ‰ÂÎË, ‚ ÍÓÏÔÎÂÍÚ ÔÓÒÚ‡‚ÍË ÏÓ„ÛÚ ‚ıÓ‰ËÚ¸ ÌËÊÂÒÎÂ‰Û˛˘Ë ÒÓ‰ËÌËÚÂθÌ˚Â
‰ÂÚ‡ÎË. ÖÒÎË ÓÌË Ì ‚ıÓ‰flÚ ‚ ÍÓÏÔÎÂÍÚ ÔÓÒÚ‡‚ÍË ‚‡¯Â„Ó ÍÓ̉ˈËÓÌÂ‡, Ï˚ ÂÍÓÏẨÛÂÏ Á‡‡ÌÂÂ
ÔËÓ·ÂÒÚË Ëı ÔÂ‰ ÛÒÚ‡ÌÓ‚ÍÓÈ ÍÓ̉ˈËÓÌÂ‡.
5-ÊËθÌ˚È
ÒÓ‰ËÌËÚÂθÌ˚È
͇·Âθ (1)
(✴✴07✴✴)
5-ÊËθÌ˚È
ÒÓ‰ËÌËÚÂθÌ˚È
͇·Âθ (1)
(✴✴09✴✴)
H05VV-F 5G, 0,75ÏÏ2
H05VV-F 5G, 1,0ÏÏ2
PE T3
èÂÌÓËÁÓÎflˆËfl
ÚÛ·˚ (1)
ãÂÌÚ‡ ‚ËÌËÎÓ‚‡fl
¯ËËÌÓÈ 50ÏÏ (2)
➢
➢
➢
R-6
í۷͇ ‚ Ò·ÓÂ,
ø6,35ÏÏ (1)
í۷͇ ‚ Ò·ÓÂ,
ø9,52ÏÏ (1)
ëÎË‚ÌÓÈ Ô‡ÚÛ·ÓÍ
(1)
䇷ÂθÌ˚È Á‡ÊËÏ
(4)
ë‡ÏÓ̇ÂÁ‡˛˘Ë
È ‚ËÌÚ M4 ı 16
(6)
êÂÁËÌÓ‚˚ ÌÓÊÍË
(4)
ÑÂ̇ÊÌ˚È ¯Î‡Ì„
‰ÎËÌÓÈ 2 Ï (1)
á‡Ï‡Á͇ 100„ (1)
ê‡Ò¯Ëfl˛˘ËÂÒfl „‡ÈÍË ÔËÍÂÔÎÂÌ˚ Í ÍÓÌˆÛ Í‡Ê‰ÓÈ ‚ıÓ‰ÌÓÈ/‚˚ıÓ‰ÌÓÈ ÚÛ·˚ ËÒÔ‡ËÚÂÎfl
ËÎË Í·ԇ̇.
5-ÚË ÔÓ‚Ó‰ÌÓÈ Í‡·Âθ fl‚ÎflÂÚÒfl ‚˚·ÓÓ˜Ì˚Ï. ÖÒÎË ÓÌ Ì ÔÓÒÚ‡‚ÎÂÌ ‚ ÍÓÏÔÎÂÍÚÂ,
ËÒÔÓθÁÛÈÚ Òڇ̉‡ÚÌ˚È Í‡·Âθ.
ÑÂ̇ÊÌ˚È Á‡Ú‚Ó Ë ÂÁËÌÓ‚‡fl ÌÓÊ͇ ÔË·„‡˛ÚÒfl ‚ ÍÓÏÔÎÂÍÚ ÚÓθÍÓ, ÂÒÎË ÍÓ̉ˈËÓÌÂ
ÔÓÒÚ‡‚ÎflÂÚÒfl ·ÂÁ ÚÛ·, ÒÏ. ËÒ. ÌËÊÂ.
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ìÒÚ‡Ìӂ͇ ÛÒÚÓÈÒÚ‚‡
åÓÌÚ‡Ê ÛÒÚ‡ÌÓ‚Ó˜ÌÓÈ Ô·ÒÚËÌ˚
èÂ‰ ÏÓÌÚ‡ÊÓÏ ÛÒÚ‡ÌÓ‚Ó˜ÌÓÈ Ô·ÒÚËÌ˚ ̇ ÒÚÂÌ ËÎË ‚
ÓÍÓÌÌÓÏ ÔÓÂÏÂ, ‚˚ ‰ÓÎÊÌ˚ ÓÔ‰ÂÎËÚ¸ ÏÂÒÚÓÔÓÎÓÊÂÌËÂ
ÓÚ‚ÂÒÚËfl ‰Ë‡ÏÂÚÓÏ 65 ÏÏ, ˜ÂÂÁ ÍÓÚÓÓ ·Û‰ÛÚ ÔÓıÓ‰ËÚ¸
͇·Âθ, ÚÛ·ÍË Ë ‰Â̇ÊÌ˚È ¯Î‡Ì„ ÔË ‚˚ÔÓÎÌÂÌËË ÒÓ‰ËÌÂÌËfl
ÍÓÏ̇ÚÌÓ„Ó ·ÎÓ͇ Ò Ì‡ÛÊÌ˚Ï ·ÎÓÍÓÏ. ÖÒÎË ÒÏÓÚÂÚ¸ ̇
Á‡ÍÂÔÎÂÌÌ˚È Ì‡ ÒÚÂÌ ÍÓÏ̇ÚÌ˚È ·ÎÓÍ ÒÔÂ‰Ë, ÚÓ ÚÛ·ÍË Ë
͇·Âθ ÏÓ„ÛÚ ·˚Ú¸ ÔÓ‰ÒÓ‰ËÌÂÌ˚:
◆ ëÔ‡‚‡
◆ ë΂‡
◆ ëÁ‡‰Ë (ÒÔ‡‚‡ ËÎË Ò΂‡)
1
2
3
éÔ‰ÂÎËÚ ÔÓÎÓÊÂÌË ÓÚ‚ÂÒÚËfl ‰Îfl ÚÛ·ÓÍ Ë ÒÎË‚ÌÓ„Ó ¯Î‡Ì„‡ Ò
ËÒÔÓθÁÓ‚‡ÌËÂÏ ËÒÛÌ͇ ÒÔ‡‚‡ Ë ÔÓÒ‚ÂÎËÚ ÓÚ‚ÂÒÚË Ò
‚ÌÛÚÂÌÌËÏ ‰Ë‡ÏÂÚÓÏ 65 ÏÏ Ú‡ÍËÏ Ó·‡ÁÓÏ, ˜ÚÓ·˚ Â„Ó ÒÚÂÌÍË
ËÏÂÎË Ì·Óθ¯ÓÈ Ì‡ÍÎÓÌ ‚ÌËÁ.
ÖÒÎË ‚˚ ÍÂÔËÚ ÍÓÏ̇ÚÌ˚È ·ÎÓÍ ...
Ç˚ÔÓÎÌËÚ ò‡„Ë ...
ä ÒÚÂÌÂ
3.
Ç ÓÍÓÌÌÓÏ ÔÓÂÏÂ
Ò 4 ÔÓ 6.
èËÍÂÔËÚ ÛÒÚ‡ÌÓ‚Ó˜ÌÛ˛ Ô·ÒÚËÌÛ Í ÒÚÂÌ ÒÔÓÒÓ·ÓÏ, ̇˷ÓÎÂÂ
ÔÓ‰ıÓ‰fl˘ËÏ ‰Îfl χÒÒ˚ ÍÓÏ̇ÚÌÓ„Ó ·ÎÓ͇.
ìÒÚ‡ÌӂӘ̇fl Ô·ÒÚË̇
éÚ‚ÂÒÚË ‰Îfl
ÚÛ·ÓÍ (ø65ÏÏ)
(Ö‰ËÌˈ‡ ËÁÏÂÂÌËfl : ÏÏ)
➢ ÖÒÎË ‚˚ ÍÂÔËÚ ÛÒÚ‡ÌÓ‚Ó˜ÌÛ˛ Ô·ÒÚËÌÛ Í ·ÂÚÓÌÌÓÈ ÒÚÂÌ Ò
ÔÓÏÓ˘¸˛ ‡ÌÍÂÌ˚ı ·ÓÎÚÓ‚, ÍÓ̈˚ ‡ÌÍÂÌ˚ı ·ÓÎÚÓ‚ Ì ‰ÓÎÊÌ˚
‚˚ÒÚÛÔ‡Ú¸ ·ÓÎÂÂ, ˜ÂÏ Ì‡ 20 ÏÏ.
4
éÔ‰ÂÎËÚ ÏÂÒÚ‡ ‰Â‚flÌÌ˚ı ÒÚÓÂÍ, ÍÓÚÓ˚ ‚˚ ·Û‰ÂÚÂ
ÛÒڇ̇‚ÎË‚‡Ú¸ ‚ ÓÍÓÌÌÓÏ ÔÓÂÏÂ.
5
á‡ÍÂÔËÚ ‰Â‚flÌÌ˚ ÒÚÓÈÍË ‚ ÓÍÓÌÌÓÏ ÔÓÂÏ ÒÔÓÒÓ·ÓÏ,
̇˷ÓΠÔÓ‰ıÓ‰fl˘ËÏ ‰Îfl χÒÒ˚ ÍÓÏ̇ÚÌÓ„Ó ·ÎÓ͇.
6
èËÍÂÔËÚ ÛÒÚ‡ÌÓ‚Ó˜ÌÛ˛ Ô·ÒÚËÌÛ Í ‰Â‚flÌÌ˚Ï ÒÚÓÈÍ‡Ï Ò
ÔÓÏÓ˘¸˛ ¯ÛÛÔÓ‚, Í‡Í ÔÓ͇Á‡ÌÓ Ì‡ ÔÓÒΉÌÂÏ ËÒÛÌÍ ÒÔ‡‚‡.
쉇ÎÂÌË „‡Á‡ ËÁ ·ÎÓ͇
èË ÔÓÒÚ‡‚Í ‚ ÍÓÏ̇ÚÌ˚È ·ÎÓÍ Á‡Í‡˜‡Ì ËÌÂÚÌ˚È „‡Á.
ÇÒΉÒÚ‚Ë ˝ÚÓ„Ó, ÔÂ‰ ÔÓ‰ÒÓ‰ËÌÂÌËÂÏ Í ·ÎÓÍÛ ÚÛ·ÓÍ ‚ÂÒ¸
˝ÚÓÚ „‡Á ‰ÓÎÊÂÌ ·˚Ú¸ Û‰‡ÎÂÌ. óÚÓ·˚ Û‰‡ÎËÚ¸ ËÌÂÚÌ˚È „‡Á,
ÔÓÒÚÛÔ‡ÈÚ ÒÎÂ‰Û˛˘ËÏ Ó·‡ÁÓÏ.
éÚ‚ÂÌËÚ ÍÓÎÔ‡˜ÍË, ÔË‚ÂÌÛÚ˚Â Í ÍÓÌˆÛ Í‡Ê‰Ó„Ó Ô‡Ú۷͇.
êÂÁÛθڇÚ: àÌÂÚÌ˚È „‡Á ‚˚ıÓ‰ËÚ ËÁ ÍÓÏ̇ÚÌÓ„Ó ·ÎÓ͇.
➢
óÚÓ·˚ Ô‰ÓÚ‚‡ÚËÚ¸ ÔÓÔ‡‰‡ÌË ‚ Ô‡ÚÛ·ÍË „flÁË ËÎË
ÔÓÒÚÓÓÌÌËı Ô‰ÏÂÚÓ‚ ‚Ó ‚ÂÏfl ÛÒÚ‡ÌÓ‚ÍË ÍÓ̉ˈËÓÌÂ‡,
çÖ ÒÌËχÈÚ ÍÓÎÔ‡˜ÍË ÔÓÎÌÓÒÚ¸˛ ‰Ó ÚÂı ÔÓ, ÔÓ͇ ‚˚ ÌÂ
·Û‰ÂÚ „ÓÚÓ‚˚ ÔÓ‰ÒÓ‰ËÌflÚ¸ ÚÛ·ÍË.
R-7
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ìÒÚ‡Ìӂ͇ ÛÒÚÓÈÒÚ‚‡
èÓ‰Íβ˜ÂÌË ÒÓ‰ËÌËÚÂθÌÓ„Ó Í‡·ÂÎfl
èËÚ‡ÌË ‚̯ÌÂ„Ó ·ÎÓ͇ ÓÒÛ˘ÂÒÚ‚ÎflÂÚÒfl ÓÚ ‚ÌÛÚÂÌÌ„Ó
·ÎÓ͇ ˜ÂÂÁ Ò·ÓÓ˜Ì˚È Í‡·Âθ. ÖÒÎË ‚̯ÌËÈ ·ÎÓÍ Û‰‡ÎÂÌ ÓÚ
‚ÌÛÚÂÌÌÂ„Ó ·ÎÓ͇ ·ÓÎÂÂ, ˜ÂÏ Ì‡ 5 ÏÂÚÓ‚, ÌÂÓ·ıÓ‰ËÏÓ
Û‰ÎËÌËÚ¸ ͇·Âθ. å‡ÍÒËχθ̇fl ‰ÎË̇ ͇·ÂÎfl ÒÓÒÚ‡‚ÎflÂÚ
15(20 ÏÂÚÓ‚).
1
Ç ÒÎÛ˜‡Â ÌÂÓ·ıÓ‰ËÏÓÒÚË, Û‰ÎËÌËÚ ҷÓÓ˜Ì˚È Í‡·Âθ.
2
èÂÂÏÂÒÚËÚ Í˚¯ÍÛ ‡Á˙ÂÏÓ‚ ‚ ÒÚÓÓÌÛ ‚ÌÛÚÂÌÌÂ„Ó ·ÎÓ͇.
3
èÓÔÛÒÚËÚ ҷÓÓ˜Ì˚È Í‡·Âθ ˜ÂÂÁ Ó·‡ÚÌÛ˛ ÒÚÓÓÌÛ ‚ÌÛÚÂÌÌ„Ó
·ÎÓ͇ Ë ÔÓ‰ÒÓ‰ËÌËÚ ҷÓÓ˜Ì˚È Í‡·Âθ Í ‡Á˙ÂχÏ, Í‡Í ËÁÓ·‡ÊÂÌÓ
̇ ËÒÛÌÍÂ.
➢ ç‡ Í‡Ê‰ÓÏ ÔӂӉ ËÏÂÂÚÒfl ÓÚÏÂÚ͇, ÒÓÓÚ‚ÂÚÒÚ‚Û˛˘‡fl ÌÓÏÂÛ
‡Á˙Âχ.
äÓÏ̇ÚÌ˚È
·ÎÓÍ
ç‡ÛÊÌ˚È
·ÎÓÍ
❊ á‡Ô¢‡ÂÚÒfl ÓÚ‚Ë̘˂‡Ú¸
·ÓÎÚ˚ ̇ ·ÎÓÍ ‚˚‚Ó‰Ó‚ Ò
ÍÛÚfl˘ËÏÒfl ÏÓÏÂÌÚÓÏ
ÏÂÌÂÂ, ˜ÂÏ 12 Í„Ò•ÒÏ.
4
ÑÛ„ÓÈ ÍÓ̈ ͇·ÂÎfl ÔÓÔÛÒÚËÚ ˜ÂÂÁ ÓÚ‚ÂÒÚË ‚ ÒÚÂÌÂ
‰Ë‡ÏÂÚÓÏ 65 ÏÏ.
5
á‡ÍÓÈÚ Í˚¯ÍÛ ÍÓÌÌÂÍÚÓ‡, ‡ÍÍÛ‡ÚÌÓ Á‡ÍÛÚË‚ ·ÓÎÚ˚.
6
á‡ÍÓÈÚ Í˚¯ÍÛ ‡Á˙ÂÏÓ‚.
7
èÂÂÏÂÒÚËÚ Í˚¯ÍÛ ‡Á˙ÂÏÌÓ„Ó ˘ËÚ͇ ‚ ÒÚÓÓÌÛ ‚̯ÌÂ„Ó ·ÎÓ͇.
8
èÓ‰ÒÓ‰ËÌËÚ ͇·ÂÎfl Í ‡Á˙ÂχÏ, Í‡Í ËÁÓ·‡ÊÂÌÓ Ì‡ ËÒÛÌÍÂ.
➢ ç‡ Í‡Ê‰ÓÏ ÔӂӉ ËÏÂÂÚÒfl ÓÚÏÂÚ͇, ÒÓÓÚ‚ÂÚÒÚ‚Û˛˘‡fl ÌÓÏÂÛ
‡Á˙Âχ.
9
èÓ‰ÒÓ‰ËÌËÚ Á‡ÁÂÏÎfl˛˘ËÈ ÔÓ‚Ó‰ Í Á‡ÊËÏ‡Ï Á‡ÁÂÏÎÂÌËfl.
10
á‡ÍÓÈÚ Í˚¯ÍÛ ‡Á˙ÂÏÌÓ„Ó ˘ËÚ͇, ‡ÍÍÛ‡ÚÌÓ Á‡ÍÛÚË‚ ·ÓÎÚ˚.
➢
ï‡‡ÍÚÂËÒÚËÍË Í‡·ÂÎfl ÔËÚ‡ÌËfl
❊ ÑËÁ‡ÈÌ Ë ÙÓχ ÏÓ„ÛÚ ·˚Ú¸ ËÁÏÂÌÂÌ˚
‚ Á‡‚ËÒËÏÓÒÚË ÓÚ ÏÓ‰ÂÎË.
➢
R-8
éÒÓ·ÂÌÌÓ ‰Îfl ÓÒÒËÈÒÍÓ„Ó Ë Â‚ÓÔÂÈÒÍÓ„Ó ˚Ì͇, ÔÂ‰ ÛÒÚ‡ÌÓ‚ÍÓÈ,
ÌÛÊÌÓ ÔÓ‚ÂËÚ¸ ÒËÒÚÂÏÛ ÔËÚ‡ÌËfl, ˜ÚÓ·˚ ÓÔ‰ÂÎËÚ¸ ËÏÔ‰‡ÌÒ
ÒËÒÚÂÏ˚ ÔËÚ‡ÌËfl, ˜ÚÓ·˚ „‡‡ÌÚËÓ‚‡Ú¸ Òӄ·ÒËÂ.
åÓ‰Âθ
䇷Âθ ÒÓ‰ËÌÂÌËfl
ÇËÎ͇ ÔËÚ‡ÌËfl ËÎË
ÔÂ˚‚‡ÚÂθ
✴✴07✴✴
-
5G, 0,75mm2
H05VV-F
✴✴09✴✴
-
5G, 1,0mm2
H05VV-F
èÓ‰ÒÓ‰ËÌËÚ ͇·Âθ ÔËÚ‡ÌËfl Í ‚ÒÔÓÏÓ„‡ÚÂθÌÓÏÛ
ÔÂ˚‚‡ÚÂβ ˆÂÔË. ÖÒÎË Í‡Ê‰˚È ËÁ ÔÓβÒÓ‚ Ì ۉ‡ÂÚÒfl
ÔÓ‰Íβ˜ËÚ¸ Í ÔÓ‰‡˜Â ÔËÚ‡ÌËfl, ÌÂÓ·ıÓ‰ËÏÓ ‚˚ÔÓÎÌËÚ¸
ÒÓ‰ËÌÂÌËÂ Ò ÔÓ‚Ó‰ÓÏ Ò ÍÓÌÚ‡ÍÚÌ˚Ï ÓÚ‚ÂÒÚËÂÏ
‡ÁÏÂÓÏ ·ÓΠ3 ÏÏ.
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ìÒÚ‡Ìӂ͇ ÛÒÚÓÈÒÚ‚‡
åÓÌÚ‡Ê Ë ÔÓ‰ÒÓ‰ËÌÂÌË ‰Â̇ÊÌÓ„Ó ¯Î‡Ì„‡ Í ÍÓÏ̇ÚÌÓÏÛ ·ÎÓÍÛ
ÏÂ̸¯Â
5 ÒÏ
èË ÏÓÌڇʠ‰Â̇ÊÌÓ„Ó ¯Î‡Ì„‡ Ë ÔÓ‰ÒÓ‰ËÌÂÌËË Â„Ó Í ÍÓÏ̇ÚÌÓÏÛ ·ÎÓÍÛ ÌÂÓ·ıÓ‰ËÏÓ
Ó·ÂÒÔ˜ËÚ¸, ˜ÚÓ·˚ ÍÓ̉ÂÌÒËÛ˛˘‡flÒfl ‚Ó‰‡ Ô‡‚ËθÌÓ ÒÚÂ͇· ̇ÛÊÛ. äÓ„‰‡ ‚˚ ÔÓÔÛÒ͇ÂÚÂ
‰Â̇ÊÌ˚È ¯Î‡Ì„ ˜ÂÂÁ ÔÓÒ‚ÂÎÂÌÌÓ ‚ ÒÚÂÌ ÓÚ‚ÂÒÚË ‰Ë‡ÏÂÚÓÏ 65ÏÏ, ÔÓ‚Â¸ÚÂ,
˜ÚÓ·˚ Ì ‚ÓÁÌËÍ· ÌË Ó‰Ì‡ ËÁ ÒÎÂ‰Û˛˘Ëı ÒËÚÛ‡ˆËÈ.
çÖ ‰ÓÔÛÒ͇ÈÚÂ
ÔÓ‰˙Âχ ¯Î‡Ì„‡.
çÖ ÓÔÛÒ͇ÈÚ ÍÓ̈
‰Â̇ÊÌÓ„Ó ¯Î‡Ì„‡ ‚
‚Ó‰Û.
çÖ Ò„Ë·‡ÈÚ ¯Î‡Ì„ ‚
‡ÁÌ˚ı ̇Ô‡‚ÎÂÌËflı.
é·ÂÒÔ˜¸Ú ‡ÒÒÚÓflÌËÂ
Ì ÏÂÌ 5 ÒÏ ÏÂʉÛ
ÍÓ̈ÓÏ ‰Â̇ÊÌÓ„Ó
¯Î‡Ì„‡ Ë ÁÂÏÎÂÈ.
ä‡Ì‡‚‡
çÖ ÓÔÛÒ͇ÈÚ ÍÓ̈
‰Â̇ÊÌÓ„Ó ¯Î‡Ì„‡
‚ ͇̇‚Û.
óÚÓ·˚ ÒÏÓÌÚËÓ‚‡Ú¸ ‰Â̇ÊÌ˚È ¯Î‡Ì„, ÔÓÒÚÛÔ‡ÈÚ ÒÎÂ‰Û˛˘ËÏ Ó·‡ÁÓÏ.
1
ÖÒÎË ÌÂÓ·ıÓ‰ËÏÓ, ÔÓ‰ÒÓ‰ËÌËÚÂ Í ‰Â̇ÊÌÓÏÛ ¯Î‡Ì„Û 2-ÏÂÚÓ‚˚È
Û‰ÎËÌËÚÂθÌ˚È ¯Î‡Ì„.
2
ÖÒÎË ‚˚ Û‰ÎËÌËÎË ‰Â̇ÊÌ˚È ¯Î‡Ì„, ËÁÓÎËÛÈÚ ̇ıÓ‰fl˘Û˛Òfl ‚
ÔÓÏ¢ÂÌËË ˜‡ÒÚ¸ Û‰ÎËÌËÚÂÎfl ‰Â̇ÊÌÓ„Ó ¯Î‡Ì„‡ ÔË ÔÓÏÓ˘Ë ˝Í‡Ì‡.
3
ìÒÚ‡ÌÓ‚ËÚ ‰Â̇ÊÌ˚È Ì‡ÒÓÒ ‚ Ó‰ÌÓ ËÁ ‰‚Ûı ÓÚ‚ÂÒÚËÈ ‰Îfl ‰Â̇ÊÌÓ„Ó Ì‡ÒÓÒ‡,
‡ Á‡ÚÂÏ ÔÓ˜ÌÓ Á‡ÍÂÔËÚ ÍÓ̈ ‰Â̇ÊÌÓ„Ó Ì‡ÒÓÒ‡ Ò ÔÓÏÓ˘¸˛ Á‡ÊËχ.
➢ ᇷÎÓÍËÛÈÚ ÓÒÚ‡ÚÓÍ, ÍÓÚÓ˚È Ì ·Û‰ÂÚ ËÒÔÓθÁÓ‚‡Ú¸Òfl,
Ò ÔÓÏÓ˘¸˛ ÂÁËÌÓ‚Ó„Ó ·ÛÙÂ‡.
4
èÓÔÛÒÚËÚ ‰Â̇ÊÌ˚È ¯Î‡Ì„ ÔÓ‰ Ú۷͇ÏË ‰Îfl ı·‰‡„ÂÌÚ‡,
Ó·‡˘‡fl ‚ÌËχÌË ̇ ÚÓ, ˜ÚÓ·˚ ¯Î‡Ì„ ·˚Π̇ÚflÌÛÚ.
5
èÓÔÛÒÚËÚ ‰Â̇ÊÌ˚È ¯Î‡Ì„ ˜ÂÂÁ ÓÚ‚ÂÒÚË ‚ ÒÚÂÌÂ, Ó·ÂÒÔ˜˂, ˜ÚÓ·˚
ÓÌ ËÏÂÎ ÛÍÎÓÌ ‚ÌËÁ, Í‡Í ÔÓ͇Á‡ÌÓ Ì‡ ‚˚¯ÂÔ˂‰ÂÌÌ˚ı ËÒÛÌ͇ı.
➢
ùÍ‡Ì
ÑÂ̇ÊÌ˚È
¯Î‡Ì„
ì‰ÎËÌËÚÂθ
‰Â̇ÊÌÓ„Ó ¯Î‡Ì„‡
èÓÒΠÚÓ„Ó, Í‡Í ‚˚ Ôӂ‰ÂÚ ÔÓ‚ÂÍÛ ÒÏÓÌÚËÓ‚‡ÌÌ˚ı ÚÛ·ÓÍ Ì‡
ÓÚÒÛÚÒÚ‚Ë ÛÚ˜ÂÍ, ‰Â̇ÊÌ˚È ¯Î‡Ì„ ÌÛÊÌÓ ·Û‰ÂÚ Ì‡‰ÂÊÌÓ
Á‡ÍÂÔËÚ¸; ·ÓΠÔÓ‰Ó·Ì˚ ҂‰ÂÌËfl ÒÏÓÚËÚ ̇ ÒÚ. 13.
ìÒÚ‡Ìӂ͇ Ë èÓ‰ÒÓ‰ËÌÂÌË ÑÂ̇ÊÌÓ„Ó ò·̄‡ äÓÏ̇ÚÌÓ„Ó ÅÎÓ͇
ÇÓ ‚ÂÏfl ÔÓθÁÓ‚‡ÌËfl ÍÓ̉ˈËÓÌÂÓÏ ‚ Ó·Ó„‚‡˛˘ÂÏ ÂÊËÏÂ,
Ή ÏÓÊÂÚ Ò͇ÔÎË‚‡Ú¸Òfl. ÇÓ ‚ÂÏfl ‡ÁÏÓÓÁÍË Î¸‰‡,
ÍÓ̉ÂÌÒËÓ‚‡Ì̇fl ‚Ó‰‡ ‰ÓÎÊ̇ Ô‡‚ËθÌÓ ÒÎË‚‡Ú¸Òfl ‚ ‰Â̇Ê.
1
ÇÒÚ‡‚¸Ú ‰Â̇ÊÌÛ˛ ÔÓ·ÍÛ ‚ ‰Â̇ÊÌÓ ÓÚ‚ÂÒÚË ̇ ‰ÌÂ
̇ÛÊÌÓ„Ó ·ÎÓ͇.
➢ Ç ÌËÊÌÂÈ ˜‡ÒÚË ËϲÚÒfl ÚË ‰Â̇ÊÌ˚ı ÓÚ‚ÂÒÚËfl.
Ç˚ ÏÓÊÂÚ ËÒÔÓθÁÓ‚‡Ú¸ β·Ó ËÁ ‰‡ÌÌ˚ı ÓÚ‚ÂÒÚËÈ.
2
èÓ‰ÒÓ‰ËÌËÚ ‰Â̇ÊÌ˚È ¯Î‡Ì„ Í ‰Â̇ÊÌÓÏÛ Á‡Ú‚ÓÛ.
3
ì·Â‰ËÚÂÒ¸ ‚ ÚÓÏ, ˜ÚÓ ‰Â̇Ê̇fl ‚Ó‰‡ ‚˚ÚÂ͇ÂÚ Ô‡‚ËθÌÓ.
ÑÂ̇ÊÌÓÂ
ÓÚ‚ÂÒÚËÂ
(ÓÔˆËÓÌÌÓÂ)
ÑÂ̇ÊÌ˚È
¯Î‡Ì„
R-9
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ìÒÚ‡Ìӂ͇ ÛÒÚÓÈÒÚ‚‡
åÓÌÚ‡Ê Ë ÔÓ‰ÒÓ‰ËÌÂÌË ÚÛ·ÓÔÓ‚Ó‰‡ Í ÍÓÏ̇ÚÌÓÏÛ ·ÎÓÍÛ
ÖÒÚ¸ ‰‚ ÚÛ·ÍË ‰Îfl ı·‰‡„ÂÌÚ‡, Ëϲ˘Ë ‡ÁÌ˚ ‰Ë‡ÏÂÚ˚:
◆ í۷͇ ÏÂ̸¯Â„Ó ‰Ë‡ÏÂÚ‡ ‰Îfl ÊˉÍÓ„Ó ı·‰‡„ÂÌÚ‡
◆ í۷͇ ·Óθ¯Â„Ó ‰Ë‡ÏÂÚ‡ ‰Îfl „‡ÁÓÓ·‡ÁÌÓ„Ó
ı·‰‡„ÂÌÚ‡
ä ÍÓ̉ˈËÓÌÂÛ ÛÊ ÔÓ‰ÒÓ‰ËÌÂÌ˚ ÍÓÓÚÍË ԇÚÛ·ÍË.
Ç˚ ‰ÓÎÊÌ˚ Û‰ÎËÌËÚ¸ ˝ÚË Ô‡ÚÛ·ÍË, ËÒÔÓθÁÛfl ÚÛ·ÍË ‚ Ò·ÓÂ
(ÔÓÒÚ‡‚Îfl˛˘ËÂÒfl Ò ÌÂÍÓÚÓ˚ÏË ÏÓ‰ÂÎflÏË ÍÓ̉ˈËÓÌÂÓ‚ ËÎË
ÔËÓ·ÂÚ‡ÂÏ˚ ÓÚ‰ÂθÌÓ).
èË ÔÓ‰ÒÓ‰ËÌÂÌËË ÚÛ·ÓÔÓ‚Ó‰‡ ‰Îfl ı·‰‡„ÂÌÚ‡
ËÒÔÓθÁÛ˛ÚÒfl ÓÚ΢‡˛˘ËÂÒfl Ôӈ‰Û˚ ‚ Á‡‚ËÒËÏÓÒÚË ÓÚ
ÚÓ„Ó, ‚ ͇ÍÓÏ ÏÂÒÚ ÚÛ·ÓÔÓ‚Ó‰ ÔÓ‰ÒÓ‰ËÌflÂÚÒfl Í ·ÎÓÍÛ.
ÖÒÎË ÒÏÓÚÂÚ¸ ̇ Á‡ÍÂÔÎÂÌÌ˚È Ì‡ ÒÚÂÌ ÍÓÏ̇ÚÌ˚È ·ÎÓÍ
ÒÔÂ‰Ë, ÚÓ ÚÛ·ÍË ÏÓ„ÛÚ ·˚Ú¸ ÔÓ‰ÒÓ‰ËÌÂÌ˚:
◆ ëÔ‡‚‡ (A)
◆ ë΂‡ (B)
◆ ëÁ‡‰Ë
1
Ç˚ÂʸÚ ÌÓÊÓÏ Û‰‡ÎflÂÏÛ˛ Á‡„ÎÛ¯ÍÛ Ò ÒÓÓÚ‚ÂÚÒÚ‚Û˛˘ÂÈ ÒÚÓÓÌ˚
Á‡‰ÌÂÈ ˜‡ÒÚË ÍÓÔÛÒ‡ ·ÎÓ͇ (ÂÒÎË ‚˚ Ì ÔÓ‰ÒÓ‰ËÌflÂÚ ÚÛ·ÍË
ÔflÏÓ ÒÁ‡‰Ë).
2
ë„·‰¸Ú Í‡fl ÔÓÎۘ˂¯Â„ÓÒfl ÓÚ‚ÂÒÚËfl.
3
ëÌËÏËÚ Á‡˘ËÚÌ˚ ÍÓÎÔ‡˜ÍË Ì‡ Ú۷͇ı Ë ÔÓ‰ÒÓ‰ËÌËÚÂ
ÒÓ‰ËÌËÚÂθÌ˚ ÚÛ·˚ Í Í‡Ê‰ÓÈ ÚÛ·Â, Á‡ÍÛÚË‚ „‡ÈÍË Ò̇˜‡Î‡
‚Û˜ÌÛ˛, ‡ ÔÓÚÓÏ Ò ÔÓÏÓ˘¸˛ Íβ˜‡.
ç‡ÛÊÌ˚È ‰Ë‡ÏÂÚ
6.35 ÏÏ
9.52 ÏÏ
åÓÏÂÌÚ (Í„•ÒÏ)
140~170
250~280
➢ ÖÒÎË ÚÛ·ÓÔÓ‚Ó‰ ÌÛÊÌÓ ÛÍÓÓÚËÚ¸ ËÎË Û‰ÎËÌËÚ¸,
Ó·‡ÚËÚÂÒ¸ ̇ ÒÚ. 11.
4
ëÂʸÚ ËÁÎ˯ÍË ÔÂÌÓÂÁËÌÓ‚ÓÈ ËÁÓÎflˆËË.
5
ÖÒÎË ÌÂÓ·ıÓ‰ËÏÓ, ÒÓ„ÌËÚ ÚÛ·ÍË ÔË ÔÓÍ·‰Í Ëı ‚ÓÍÛ„,
‚‰Óθ ‰Ìˢ‡ ÍÓÏ̇ÚÌÓ„Ó ·ÎÓ͇ Ë Ì‡ÛÊÛ ˜ÂÂÁ ÒÓÓÚ‚ÂÚÒÚ‚Û˛˘ÂÂ
ÓÚ‚ÂÒÚËÂ, Ó·ÂÒÔ˜˂ ÔË ˝ÚÓÏ ˜ÚÓ·˚:
◆ íÛ·ÍË Ì ‚˚ÒÚÛÔ‡ÎË ËÁ Á‡‰ÌÂÈ ÒÚÂÌÍË ÍÓÏ̇ÚÌÓ„Ó ·ÎÓ͇
◆ ꇉËÛÒ ËÁ„Ë·‡ ·˚Î Ì ÏÂÌ 100 ÏÏ
6
èÓÔÛÒÚËÚ ÚÛ·ÍË ˜ÂÂÁ ÓÚ‚ÂÒÚË ‚ ÒÚÂÌÂ.
7
ÅÓΠÔÓ‰Ó·Ì˚ ҂‰ÂÌËfl Ó ÚÓÏ, Í‡Í ÔÓ‰ÒÓ‰ËÌflÚ¸ ÚÛ·ÍË Í
̇ÛÊÌÓÏÛ ·ÎÓÍÛ Ë Í‡Í Û‰‡ÎËÚ¸ ‚ÓÁ‰Ûı ËÁ ÚÛ·ÓÔÓ‚Ó‰‡ ÒÏÓÚËÚ ̇
ÒÚ. 12.
➢
R-10
èÓÒΠÚÓ„Ó, Í‡Í ‚˚ Ôӂ‰ÂÚ ÔÓ‚ÂÍÛ ÒÏÓÌÚËÓ‚‡ÌÌ˚ı
ÚÛ·ÓÍ Ì‡ ÓÚÒÛÚÒÚ‚Ë ÛÚ˜ÂÍ, ÚÛ·ÓÔÓ‚Ó‰ ÌÛÊÌÓ
·Û‰ÂÚ Á‡ËÁÓÎËÓ‚‡Ú¸ Ë Ì‡‰ÂÊÌÓ Á‡ÍÂÔËÚ¸;
·ÓΠÔÓ‰Ó·Ì˚ ҂‰ÂÌËfl ÒÏÓÚËÚ ̇ ÒÚ. 13.
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ìÒÚ‡Ìӂ͇ ÛÒÚÓÈÒÚ‚‡
êÂÁ͇ ÚÛ·ÓÍ/ ì‰ÎËÌÂÌË ÚÛ·ÓÔÓ‚Ó‰‡
Ç ÍÓÏÔÎÂÍÚ ÔÓÒÚ‡‚ÍË ÍÓ̉ˈËÓÌÂ‡ ‚ıÓ‰flÚ ÚÛ·ÍË ‰ÎËÌÓÈ
ÔflÚ¸ ÏÂÚÓ‚ (Ì ‚Ó ‚ÒÂı ÏÓ‰ÂÎflı).
ÖÒÎË ÌÂÓ·ıÓ‰ËÏÓ, ˝ÚË ÚÛ·ÍË ÏÓ„ÛÚ ·˚Ú¸:
◆ ì‰ÎËÌÂÌ˚ χÍÒËÏÛÏ ‰Ó 15Ï
◆ ìÍÓÓ˜ÂÌ˚ ‰Ó ÌÛÊÌÓÈ ‰ÎËÌ˚
☛
ÖÒÎË Ú·ÛÂχfl ‰ÎË̇ ÚÛ·ÓÍ Ô‚˚¯‡ÂÚ ÔflÚ¸ ÏÂÚÓ‚
◆ ëÓ‰ËÌËÚÂθÌ˚È Í‡·Âθ Ú‡ÍÊ ‰ÓÎÊÂÌ ·˚Ú¸
Û‰ÎËÌÂÌ
◆ Ç ÍÓÌÚÛ ı·‰‡„ÂÌÚ‡ ‰ÓÎÊÌÓ ·˚Ú¸ Á‡Ô‡‚ÎÂÌÓ
‰ÓÔÓÎÌËÚÂθÌÓ ÍÓ΢ÂÒÚ‚Ó ı·‰‡„ÂÌÚ‡, ‰Îfl ˜Â„Ó
Ó·‡ÚËÚÂÒ¸ Í ÒÔˆˇÎËÒÚÛ ÔÓ ÛÒÚ‡ÌÓ‚ÍÂ
ÍÓ̉ˈËÓÌÂÓ‚; ‚ ÔÓÚË‚ÌÓÏ ÒÎÛ˜‡Â ÍÓÏ̇ÚÌ˚È
·ÎÓÍ ÏÓÊÂÚ Á‡ÏÂÁÌÛÚ¸
1
ì·Â‰ËÚÂÒ¸ ‚ ÚÓÏ, ˜ÚÓ Û ‚‡Ò ËϲÚÒfl ‚Ò ÌÛÊÌ˚ ËÌÒÚÛÏÂÌÚ˚
(ÚÛ·ÓÂÁ, ‡Á‚ÂÚ͇, ÔËÒÔÓÒÓ·ÎÂÌË ‰Îfl ‡Á‚‡Î¸ˆÓ‚ÍË Ë
ÚÛ·Ó‰ÂʇÚÂθ).
2
ÖÒÎË ‚˚ ıÓÚËÚ ÛÍÓÓÚËÚ¸ ÚÛ·ÍË, ÓÚÂʸÚ Ëı Ò ÔÓÏÓ˘¸˛ ÚÛ·ÓÂÁ‡,
Ó·ÂÒÔ˜˂ ÔË ˝ÚÓÏ, ˜ÚÓ·˚ ÚÓˆ ÓÚÂÁ‡ÌÌÓÈ ÚÛ·ÍË ·˚Î ÔÓ‰ Û„ÎÓÏ 90°Í
ÚÛ·ÍÂ Ë ÛÍÓ‚Ó‰ÒÚ‚ÛflÒ¸ ÌËÊÂÔ˂‰ÂÌÌ˚ÏË ËÒÛÌ͇ÏË, ̇ ÍÓÚÓ˚ı
Ô˂‰ÂÌ˚ ÔËÏÂ˚ Ô‡‚ËθÌÓ„Ó Ë ÌÂÔ‡‚ËθÌÓ„Ó ÓÚÂÁ‡ ÚÛ·ÓÍ.
äÓÒÓÈ ÒÂÁ
O
90
O
x
çÂÓ‚ÌÓÒÚË
á‡ÛÒÂ̈˚
x
x
3
ÑÎfl Ô‰ÓÚ‚‡˘ÂÌËfl ÛÚ˜ÂÍ ı·‰‡„ÂÌÚ‡ Û‰‡ÎËÚ ‚Ò Á‡ÛÒÂ̈˚ Ò
ÓÚÂÁ‡ÌÌ˚ı ÚÓˆÓ‚ ÚÛ·ÓÍ Ò ÔÓÏÓ˘¸˛ ‡Á‚ÂÚÍË.
4
燉Â̸Ú ̇ÍˉÌÛ˛ „‡ÈÍÛ Ì‡ ÚÛ·ÍÛ Ë ‡Á‚‡Î¸ˆÛÈÚ ÍÓ̈ ÚÛ·ÍË.
ç‡ÛÊÌ˚È ‰Ë‡ÏÂÚ(D)
6.35 ÏÏ
9.52 ÏÏ
5
6
èÓ‚Â¸Ú Ô‡‚ËθÌÓÒÚ¸ ‡Á‚‡Î¸ˆÓ‚ÍË, ÛÍÓ‚Ó‰ÒÚ‚ÛflÒ¸
ÌËÊÂÔ˂‰ÂÌÌ˚ÏË ËÒÛÌ͇ÏË, ̇ ÍÓÚÓ˚ı Ô˂‰ÂÌ˚ ÔËÏÂ˚
ÌÂÔ‡‚ËθÌÓÈ ‡Á‚‡Î¸ˆÓ‚ÍË.
x
x
x
x
ëÓ ÒÍÓÒÓÏ
èÓ‚ÂʉÂÌ̇fl
ÔÓ‚ÂıÌÓÒÚ¸
í¢ËÌ˚
çÂ‡‚ÌÓÏÂ̇fl
ÚÓ΢Ë̇
Ç˚‡‚ÌËÚ ÚÛ·˚, ÍÓÚÓ˚ ·Û‰ÂÚ ÔÓ‰ÒÓ‰ËÌflÚ¸, Á‡ÍÛÚËÚÂ
‡Ò¯Ëfl˛˘ËÂÒfl „‡ÈÍË Ò̇˜‡Î‡ ‚Û˜ÌÛ˛ ‡ ÔÓÚÓÏ Ò ÔÓÏÓ˘¸˛ Íβ˜‡,
ÔË·„‡fl ÒÎÂ‰Û˛˘ËÈ ÏÓÏÂÌÚ.
ç‡ÛÊÌ˚È ‰Ë‡ÏÂÚ
6.35 ÏÏ
9.52 ÏÏ
7
ÉÎÛ·Ë̇ (A)
1.3 ÏÏ
1.8 ÏÏ
åÓÏÂÌÚ (Í„•ÒÏ)
140~170
250~280
ÅÓΠÔÓ‰Ó·Ì˚ ҂‰ÂÌËfl Ó ÚÓÏ, Í‡Í ÔÓ‰ÒÓ‰ËÌflÚ¸ ÚÛ·ÍË Í
̇ÛÊÌÓÏÛ ·ÎÓÍÛ Ë Í‡Í Û‰‡ÎËÚ¸ ‚ÓÁ‰Ûı ËÁ ÚÛ·ÓÔÓ‚Ó‰‡ ÒÏÓÚËÚ ̇
ÒÚ. 12.
R-11
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ᇂÂ¯ÂÌË ÛÒÚ‡ÌÓ‚ÍË
èÓ‰ÒÓ‰ËÌÂÌË ÚÛ·ÓÔÓ‚Ó‰‡ Ë Û‰‡ÎÂÌË ËÁ ÌÂ„Ó ‚ÓÁ‰Ûı‡
Ç Ì‡ÛÊÌ˚È ·ÎÓÍ Á‡Ô‡‚ÎÂÌÓ ÍÓ΢ÂÒÚ‚Ó ı·‰‡„ÂÌÚ‡ R22,
ÍÓÚÓÓ„Ó ·Û‰ÂÚ ‰ÓÒÚ‡ÚÓ˜ÌÓ ‰Îfl 5Ï ÚÛ·ÓÔÓ‚Ó‰‡. àÁ
ÍÓÏ̇ÚÌÓ„Ó ·ÎÓ͇ Ë ÚÛ·ÓÔÓ‚Ó‰‡ ‰ÓÎÊÂÌ ·˚Ú¸ Û‰‡ÎÂÌ ‚ÓÁ‰Ûı.
ÖÒÎË ‚ÓÁ‰Ûı ÓÒÚ‡ÌÂÚÒfl ‚ Ú۷͇ı ˆËÍÛÎflˆËË ı·‰‡„ÂÌÚ‡, ˝ÚÓ
Ô˂‰ÂÚ Í ‚‰ÌÓÏÛ ‚ÓÁ‰ÂÈÒڂ˲ ̇ ÍÓÏÔÂÒÒÓ, ÛÏÂ̸¯ËÚ
ÔÓËÁ‚Ó‰ËÚÂθÌÓÒÚ¸ Óı·ʉÂÌËfl/Ó·Ó„‚‡ Ë ÏÓÊÂÚ ÔË‚ÂÒÚË Í
ÌÂËÒÔ‡‚ÌÓÒÚË ÍÓ̉ˈËÓÌÂ‡. ï·‰‡„ÂÌÚ ‰Îfl Û‰‡ÎÂÌËfl ‚ÓÁ‰Ûı‡
Ì Á‡Ô‡‚ÎÂÌ ‚ ̇ÛÊÌ˚È ·ÎÓÍ. ÇÓÒÔÓθÁÛÈÚÂÒ¸ ‚‡ÍÛÛÏÌ˚Ï
̇ÒÓÒÓÏ, Í‡Í ÔÓ͇Á‡ÌÓ Ì‡ ËÒÛÌÍÂ.
A
äÓÏ̇ÚÌ˚È
·ÎÓÍ
ëÚÓÓ̇ „‡ÁÓÓ·‡ÁÌÓ„Ó
C
ı·‰‡„ÂÌÚ‡
B
ëÚÓÓ̇ ÊˉÍÓ„Ó
ı·‰‡„ÂÌÚ‡
ç‡ÛÊÌ˚È
·ÎÓÍ
1
èÓ‰ÒÓ‰ËÌËÚÂ Í‡Ê‰Û˛ ÚÛ·ÍÛ Í ÒÓÓÚ‚ÂÚÒÚ‚Û˛˘ÂÏÛ ‚ÂÌÚËβ ̇
̇ÛÊÌÓÏ ·ÎÓÍÂ Ë Á‡ÚflÌËÚ ̇ÍˉÌ˚ „‡ÈÍË.
2
ë„·ÒÌÓ ËÎβÒÚ‡ˆËË Ì‡ÔÓÚË‚, Á‡ÍËÚËÚ ‡Ò¯Ëfl˛˘ËÂÒfl „‡ÈÍË
Ò̇˜‡Î‡ ‚Û˜ÌÛ˛, ‡ Á‡ÚÂÏ Ò ÔÓÏÓ˘¸˛ Íβ˜‡, ÔË·„‡fl ÒÎÂ‰Û˛˘ËÈ
ÏÓÏÂÌÚÓ.
ç‡ÛÊÌ˚È ‰Ë‡ÏÂÚ
åÓÏÂÌÚ (Í„•ÒÏ)
6.35 ÏÏ
140~170
9.52 ÏÏ
250~280
3
èÓ‰ÒÓ‰ËÌËÚ Á‡Ô‡‚Ó˜Ì˚È ¯Î‡Ì„ ÓÚ ÒÚÓÓÌ˚ ÌËÁÍÓ„Ó ‰‡‚ÎÂÌËfl
‡ÒÔ‰ÂÎËÚÂθÌÓÈ „·ÂÌÍË Í Ò̇·ÊÂÌÌÓÏÛ ÛÔÎÓÚÌÂÌËÂÏ ‚ÂÌÚËβ,
Û ÍÓÚÓÓ„Ó ËÏÂÂÚÒfl ÒÂ‚ËÒÌÓ ÓÚ‚ÂÒÚËÂ, Í‡Í ÔÓ͇Á‡ÌÓ Ì‡ ËÒÛÌÍÂ.
4
éÚÍÓÈÚ ‚ÂÌÚËθ ÒÚÓÓÌ˚ ÌËÁÍÓ„Ó ‰‡‚ÎÂÌËfl ‡ÒÔ‰ÂÎËÚÂθÌÓÈ
„·ÂÌÍË ÔÓÚË‚ ˜‡ÒÓ‚ÓÈ ÒÚÂÎÍË.
5
쉇ÎËÚ ‚ÓÁ‰Ûı ËÁ ÒËÒÚÂÏ˚ Ò ÔÓÏÓ˘¸˛ ‚‡ÍÛÛÏÌÓ„Ó Ì‡ÒÓÒ‡, ÍÓÚÓ˚È
‰ÓÎÊÂÌ ‡·ÓÚ‡Ú¸ ÔËÏÂÌÓ 10 ÏËÌÛÚ.
- á‡ÍÓÈÚ ‚ÂÌÚËθ ÒÚÓÓÌ˚ ÌËÁÍÓ„Ó ‰‡‚ÎÂÌËfl ‡ÒÔ‰ÂÎËÚÂθÌÓÈ
„·ÂÌÍË ÔÓ ˜‡ÒÓ‚ÓÈ ÒÚÂÎÍÂ.
- ì·Â‰ËÚÂÒ¸ ‚ ÚÓÏ, ˜ÚÓ ÔËÏÂÌÓ ˜ÂÂÁ 10 ÏËÌÛÚ Ï‡ÌÓÏÂÚ
ÔÓ͇Á˚‚‡ÂÚ ‰‡‚ÎÂÌË -0,1 åè‡ (-76 ÒÏ ÚÛÚÌÓ„Ó ÒÚÓη‡).
ùÚ‡ Ôӈ‰Û‡ Ó˜Â̸ ‚‡Ê̇ ‰Îfl ÚÓ„Ó, ˜ÚÓ·˚ ËÁ·Âʇڸ ÛÚ˜ÍË „‡Á‡.
- Ç˚Íβ˜ËÚ ‚‡ÍÛÛÏÌ˚È Ì‡ÒÓÒ.
- éÚÒÓ‰ËÌËÚ ¯Î‡Ì„, Ë‰Û˘ËÈ Í ÒÚÓÓÌ ÌËÁÍÓ„Ó ‰‡‚ÎÂÌËfl
‡ÒÔ‰ÂÎËÚÂθÌÓÈ „·ÂÌÍË.
6
ìÒÚ‡ÌÓ‚ËÚ ‚ ÓÚÍ˚ÚÓ ÔÓÎÓÊÂÌË ÔÓ·ÍË ‚ÂÌÚËÎÂÈ Í‡Í ÒÚÓÓÌ˚
ÊˉÍÓ„Ó ı·‰‡„ÂÌÚ‡, Ú‡Í Ë ÒÚÓÓÌ˚ „‡ÁÓÓ·‡ÁÌÓ„Ó ı·‰‡„ÂÌÚ‡.
7
燂ÂÌËÚ ÍÓÎÔ‡˜ÍË Ì‡ ¯ÚÓÍË ‚ÂÌÚËÎÂÈ Ë ÍÓÎÔ‡˜ÓÍ Ì‡ ÒÂ‚ËÒÌÓÂ
ÓÚ‚ÂÒÚËÂ Ë Á‡ÚÂÏ Á‡ÚflÌËÚ Ëı ÍÛÚfl˘ËÏ ÏÓÏÂÌÚÓÏ 183 Í„•ÒÏ
Ò ÔÓÏÓ˘¸˛ ‰Ë̇ÏÓÏÂÚ˘ÂÒÍÓ„Ó Íβ˜‡.
8
ì·Â‰ËÚÂÒ¸ ‚ ÓÚÒÛÚÒÚ‚ËË ÛÚ˜ÍË „‡Á‡.
- ç‡ ˝ÚÓÏ ˝Ú‡Ô ÓÒÓ·ÂÌÌÓ Ú˘‡ÚÂθÌÓ ÔÓ‚Â¸Ú ÓÚÒÛÚÒÚ‚Ë ÛÚ˜ÍË
„‡Á‡ ˜ÂÂÁ ÍÓÎÔ‡˜ÍË ¯ÚÓÍÓ‚ ‚ÂÌÚËÎÂÈ Ë ÍÓÎÔ‡˜ÓÍ ÒÂ‚ËÒÌÓ„Ó
ÓÚ‚ÂÒÚËfl 3-ıÓ‰Ó‚Ó„Ó ‚ÂÌÚËÎfl.
D
LJÍÛÛÏÌ˚È
̇ÒÓÒ
❊ ÑËÁ‡ÈÌ Ë ÙÓχ ÏÓ„ÛÚ ·˚Ú¸
ËÁÏÂÌÂÌ˚ ‚ Á‡‚ËÒËÏÓÒÚË ÓÚ ÏÓ‰ÂÎË.
A
(„‡Á)
B
òÚÓÍ ‚ÂÌÚËÎfl
(ÊˉÍÓÒÚ¸)
äÓÎÔ‡˜ÓÍ ¯ÚÓ͇
ÑÓ·‡‚ÎÂÌË ı·‰‡„ÂÌÚ‡
ÖÒÎË ‰ÎË̇ ÚÛ·ÓÔÓ‚Ó‰‡ Ô‚˚¯‡ÂÚ 5Ï ‚ ÍÓÌÚÛ ‰ÓÎÊÂÌ ·˚Ú¸ ‰Ó·‡‚ÎÂÌ
ı·‰‡„ÂÌÚ. ùÚÛ ÓÔÂ‡ˆË˛ ‰ÓÎÊÂÌ ‚˚ÔÓÎÌflÚ¸ ÚÓθÍÓ Í‚‡ÎËÙˈËÓ‚‡ÌÌ˚È
ÒÔˆˇÎËÒÚ ÔÓ ıÓÎÓ‰ËθÌÓÏÛ Ó·ÓÛ‰Ó‚‡Ì˲.
☛
ÖÒÎË ‚˚ ËÒÔÓθÁÓ‚‡ÎË...
íÓ„‰‡...
ÅÓΠ˜ÂÏ 5Ï ÚÛ·
‘20’„ ÂÙËÊÂ‡ÌÚ‡ R22 ‰ÓÎÊÌÓ
·˚Ú¸ ‰Ó·‡‚ÎÂÌÓ Ì‡ ͇ʉ˚È
‰ÓÔÓÎÌËÚÂθÌ˚È ÏÂÚ.
åÂ̸¯Â, ˜ÂÏ 5Ï ÚÛ·
Ç˚ÔÓÎÌËÚ ۉ‡ÎÂÌË ‚ÓÁ‰Ûı‡
‚ Ú˜ÂÌË Û͇Á‡ÌÌÓ„Ó ‚ÂÏÂÌË.
ÅÓΠÔÓ‰Ó·ÌÛ˛ ËÌÙÓχˆË˛ Ó· ˝ÚÓÈ ÓÔÂ‡ˆËË ÒÏÓÚËÚ ‚ ëÂ‚ËÒÌÓÈ
ËÌÒÚÛ͈ËË.
R-12
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ᇂÂ¯ÂÌË ÛÒÚ‡ÌÓ‚ÍË
èÓ‚Â͇ ÓÚÒÛÚÒÚ‚Ëfl ÛÚ˜ÍË „‡Á‡
èÂ‰ ÚÂÏ Í‡Í Á‡‚Â¯‡Ú¸ ÛÒÚ‡ÌÓ‚ÍÛ ÍÓ̉ˈËÓÌÂ‡ (ËÁÓÎflˆËfl
͇·ÂÎfl, ¯Î‡Ì„‡ Ë ÚÛ·ÓÔÓ‚Ó‰‡ Ë ÍÂÔÎÂÌË ÍÓÏ̇ÚÌÓ„Ó ·ÎÓ͇
̇ ÛÒÚ‡ÌÓ‚Ó˜ÌÓÈ Ô·ÒÚËÌÂ), ‚˚ ‰ÓÎÊÌ˚ ۷‰ËÚ¸Òfl ‚ ÚÓÏ,
˜ÚÓ ÓÚÒÛÚÒÚ‚Û˛Ú ÛÚ˜ÍË „‡Á‡.
óÚÓ·˚ ÔÓ‚ÂËÚ¸
ÓÚÒÛÚÒÚ‚Ë ÛÚ˜ÍË „‡Á‡ ̇ ...
àÒÔÓθÁÛfl ‰ÂÚÂÍÚÓ
ÛÚ˜ÍË, ÔÓ‚Â¸Ú ...
äÓÏ̇ÚÌÓÏ ·ÎÓÍÂ
ç‡ÍˉÌ˚ „‡ÈÍË Ì‡
ÍÓ̈‡ı ÒÂ͈ËÈ C Ë D.
ç‡ÛÊÌÓÏ ·ÎÓÍÂ
ÇÂÌÚËÎË ÒÂ͈ËÈ A Ë B.
C
D
A
B
❊ ÑËÁ‡ÈÌ Ë ÙÓχ ÏÓ„ÛÚ ·˚Ú¸
ËÁÏÂÌÂÌ˚ ‚ Á‡‚ËÒËÏÓÒÚË ÓÚ ÏÓ‰ÂÎË.
ìÒÚ‡Ìӂ͇ ÍÓÏ̇ÚÌÓ„Ó ·ÎÓ͇ ‚ ÌÛÊÌÓÏ ÔÓÎÓÊÂÌËË
ì·Â‰Ë‚¯ËÒ¸ ‚ ÚÓÏ, ˜ÚÓ ‚ ÒËÒÚÂÏ ÓÚÒÛÚÒÚ‚Û˛Ú ÛÚ˜ÍË,
‚˚ ÏÓÊÂÚ ËÁÓÎËÓ‚‡Ú¸ ÚÛ·ÍË, ¯Î‡Ì„ Ë Í‡·Âθ, ‡ Ú‡ÍÊÂ
ÛÒÚ‡ÌÓ‚ËÚ¸ ÍÓÏ̇ÚÌ˚È ·ÎÓÍ Ì‡ ÛÒÚ‡ÌÓ‚Ó˜ÌÛ˛ Ô·ÒÚËÌÛ.
1
óÚÓ·˚ ËÁ·Âʇڸ ÔÓ·ÎÂÏ, Ò‚flÁ‡ÌÌ˚ı Ò ÍÓ̉ÂÌÒ‡ˆËÂÈ ‚·„Ë,
Ó·ÏÓÚ‡ÈÚ ÔÓ ÓÚ‰ÂθÌÓÒÚË Í‡Ê‰Û˛ ÚÛ·ÍÛ ‰Îfl ı·‰‡„ÂÌÚ‡ ‚ ÌËÊÌÂÈ
˜‡ÒÚË ÍÓÏ̇ÚÌÓ„Ó ·ÎÓ͇ ÚÂÔÎÓÒÚÓÈÍËÏ ÔÂÌÓÔÓÎË˝ÚËÎÂÌÓÏ.
2
é·ÂÌËÚ ÚÛ·ÍË ‰Îfl ı·‰‡„ÂÌÚ‡ Ë ‰Â̇ÊÌ˚È ¯Î‡Ì„, ̇ıÓ‰fl˘ËÂÒfl
‚ Á‡‰ÌÂÈ ˜‡ÒÚË ÍÓÏ̇ÚÌÓ„Ó ÛÁ·, ‚ÔËÚ˚‚‡˛˘ÂÈ ‚·„Û ÔÓÍ·‰ÍÓÈ.
➢ íËʉ˚ Ó·ÏÓÚ‡ÈÚ ÚÛ·ÍË Ë ¯Î‡Ì„ ‚ÔËÚ˚‚‡˛˘ÂÈ ‚·„Û
ÔÓÍ·‰ÍÓÈ ÓÒÚ‡‚Îflfl ËÌÚÂ‚‡Î˚ 20ÏÏ.
3
é·ÏÓÚ‡ÈÚ ËÁÓÎflˆËÓÌÌÓÈ ÎÂÌÚÓÈ ÚÛ·ÍË, ÒÓ‰ËÌËÚÂθÌ˚È Í‡·Âθ Ë
‰Â̇ÊÌ˚È ¯Î‡Ì„.
4
éÒÚÓÓÊÌÓ ‡ÁÏÂÒÚËÚ ÔÓÎۘ˂¯ËÈÒfl ÔÛ˜ÓÍ ‚ ÌËÊÌÂÈ ˜‡ÒÚË
ÍÓÏ̇ÚÌÓ„Ó ·ÎÓ͇, ۷‰˂¯ËÒ¸ ‚ ÚÓÏ, ˜ÚÓ ÓÌ Ì ‚˚ÒÚÛÔ‡ÂÚ ËÁ Á‡‰ÌÂÈ
˜‡ÒÚË ·ÎÓ͇.
5
èÓ‚ÂÒ¸Ú ÍÓÏ̇ÚÌ˚È ·ÎÓÍ Ì‡ ÛÒÚ‡ÌÓ‚Ó˜ÌÛ˛ Ô·ÒÚËÌÛ Ë ÔÓ‰‚Ë„‡ÈÚ „Ó
‚Ô‡‚Ó Ë ‚΂Ó, ˜ÚÓ·˚ ۷‰ËÚ¸Òfl ‚ ÚÓÏ, ˜ÚÓ ·ÎÓÍ Ì‡‰ÂÊÌÓ Á‡ÍÂÔÎÂÌ
̇ Ô·ÒÚËÌÂ.
6
á‡ÍÓ̘ËÚ ӷχÚ˚‚‡Ú¸ ÎÂÌÚÓÈ ÓÒÚ‡‚¯Û˛Òfl ˜‡ÒÚ¸ ÚÛ·ÓÔÓ‚Ó‰‡,
Ë‰Û˘Û˛ Í Ì‡ÛÊÌÓÏÛ ·ÎÓÍÛ.
7
àÒÔÓθÁÛfl ıÓÏÛÚ˚ (‚ıÓ‰fl˘Ë ‚ ÍÓÏÔÎÂÍÚ ÔÓÒÚ‡‚ÍË ÌÂÍÓÚÓ˚ı
ÏÓ‰ÂÎÂÈ), ÔËÍÂÔËÚ ÚÛ·ÍË Í ÒÚÂÌ ‚ ÔÓ‰ıÓ‰fl˘Ëı ÏÂÒÚ‡ı.
ìÒÚ‡ÌӂӘ̇fl
Ô·ÒÚË̇
R-13
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ᇂÂ¯ÂÌË ÛÒÚ‡ÌÓ‚ÍË
á‡ÍÂÔÎÂÌË ç‡ÛÊÌÓ„Ó ÅÎÓ͇
ç‡ÛÊÌ˚È ·ÎÓÍ ‰ÓÎÊÂÌ ·˚Ú¸ ÛÒÚ‡ÌÓ‚ÎÂÌ Ì‡ ÛÒÚÓȘ˂ÓÈ Ë
ÌÂÔÓ‰‚ËÊÌÓÈ ÔÓ‚ÂıÌÓÒÚË, ‚Ó ËÁ·ÂʇÌËË Û‚Â΢ÂÌËfl ¯Ûχ Ë
‚Ë·‡ˆËË ÓÒÓ·ÂÌÌÓ, ÂÒÎË Ì‡ÛÊÌ˚È ·ÎÓÍ ÛÒÚ‡ÌÓ‚ÎÂÌ ‚·ÎËÁË
ÒÓÒ‰ÌÂ„Ó Í‚‡ÚËÌÓ„Ó ·ÎÓ͇.
ÖÒÎË ÛÒÚÓÈÒÚ‚Ó ÛÒڇ̇‚ÎË‚‡ÂÚÒfl ‚ ÏÂÒÚÂ, ÔÓ‰‚ÂÊÂÌÌÓÏ
ÒËθÌÓÏÛ ‚ÂÚÛ ËÎË Ì‡ ‚˚ÒÓÚÂ, ÚÓ ÛÒÚÓÈÒÚ‚Ó ‰ÓÎÊÌÓ ·˚Ú¸
Ú˘‡ÚÂθÌÓ Á‡ÙËÍÒËÓ‚‡ÌÓ Í ÔÓ‰ıÓ‰fl˘ÂÈ ÓÔÓ (ÒÚÂ̇ ËÎË ÁÂÏÎfl).
254 ÏÏ
456,5 ÏÏ
1
ìÒڇ̇‚ÎË‚‡ÈÚ ̇ÛÊÌ˚È ·ÎÓÍ Ú‡Í, ˜ÚÓ·˚ ‚ÓÁ‰Û¯Ì˚È ÔÓÚÓÍ ·˚Î
̇Ô‡‚ÎÂÌ Ì‡ÛÊÛ, Í‡Í ÔÓ͇Á˚‚‡˛Ú ÒÚÂÎÍË ‚ ‚ÂıÌÂÈ ˜‡ÒÚË ÛÒÚÓÈÒÚ‚‡.
2
èËÍÂÔËÚ ÛÒÚÓÈÒÚ‚Ó Í ÔÓ‰ıÓ‰fl˘ÂÈ ÓÔÓÂ Ò ÔÓÏÓ˘¸˛ ‡ÌÍÂÌ˚ı
·ÓÎÚÓ‚.
3
ÖÒÎË Ì‡ÛÊÌ˚È ·ÎÓÍ ÔÓ‰‚ÂÊÂÌ ÒËθÌÓÏÛ ‚ÂÚÛ, ÛÒÚ‡ÌÓ‚ËÚÂ
Á‡˘ËÚÌ˚ ÔÎËÚ˚ ‚ÓÍÛ„ ̇ÛÊÌÓ„Ó ·ÎÓ͇, ˜ÚÓ·˚ ‚ÂÌÚËÎflÚÓ ‡·ÓÚ‡Î
‰ÓÎÊÌ˚Ï Ó·‡ÁÓÏ.
êÂÁËÌÓ‚‡fl ÌÓÊ͇
➢
é·flÁ‡ÚÂθÌÓ Á‡ÙËÍÒËÛÈÚ ÂÁËÌÓ‚Û˛ ÌÓÊÍÛ,
˜ÚÓ·˚ Ô‰ÓÚ‚‡ÚËÚ¸  ‚Ë·‡ˆË˛ Ë ¯ÛÏ.
èÓ‚ÂÍË Ë ÔÓ·Ì˚È ÔÛÒÍ
óÚÓ·˚ Á‡‚Â¯ËÚ¸ ÛÒÚ‡ÌÓ‚ÍÛ, ‚˚ÔÓÎÌËÚ ÒÎÂ‰Û˛˘Ë ÔÓ‚ÂÍË
Ë ÔÓ·Ì˚È ÔÛÒÍ, ˜ÚÓ·˚ ۷‰ËÚ¸Òfl ‚ ÚÓÏ, ˜ÚÓ ÍÓ̉ˈËÓÌÂ
ÙÛÌ͈ËÓÌËÛÂÚ ÌÓχθÌÓ.
1
ÇÌÓ‚¸ ÔÓ‚Â¸Ú ‚Ò ÒÎÂ‰Û˛˘Ë ÔÛÌÍÚ˚:
◆ èÓ˜ÌÓÒÚ¸ ÏÂÒÚ‡ ÛÒÚ‡ÌÓ‚ÍË
◆ ÉÂÏÂÚ˘ÌÓÒÚ¸ ÒÓ‰ËÌÂÌËÈ ÚÛ·ÓÔÓ‚Ó‰‡ Ë ÓÚÒÛÚÒÚ‚Ë ÛÚ˜ÍË „‡Á‡
◆ åÓÌÚ‡Ê ˝ÎÂÍÚ˘ÂÒÍËı ÒÓ‰ËÌÂÌËÈ
◆ íÂÔÎÓËÁÓÎflˆËfl ÚÛ·ÓÔÓ‚Ó‰‡
◆ ÑÂ̇Ê
◆ èÓ‰ÒÓ‰ËÌÂÌË Á‡ÁÂÏÎfl˛˘Â„Ó ÔÓ‚Ó‰‡
◆ è‡‚ËθÌÓÒÚ¸ ‡·ÓÚ˚ (‚˚ÔÓÎÌËÚ Ôӈ‰Û˚,
Ô˂‰ÂÌÌ˚ ÌËÊÂ)
2
ç‡ÊÏËÚ ÍÌÓÔÍÛ
(ÇÍÎ/Ç˚ÍÎ).
êÂÁÛθڇÚ: ◆ à̉Ë͇ÚÓ˚ ̇ ÍÓÏ̇ÚÌÓÏ ·ÎÓÍ ÏË„‡˛Ú ˜ÂÂÁ
ÔÓÎÛÒÂÍÛ̉Ì˚ ËÌÚÂ‚‡Î˚.
◆ éÚÍ˚‚‡ÂÚÒfl Ô·ÒÚË̇, Á‡Í˚‚‡˛˘‡fl
‚ÓÁ‰ÛıÓ‚˚ÔÛÒÍÌÓ ÓÚ‚ÂÒÚË ÍÓÏ̇ÚÌÓ„Ó ·ÎÓ͇,
Ë Ì‡˜Ë̇ÂÚ ‡·ÓÚ‡Ú¸ Â„Ó ‚ÂÌÚËÎflÚÓ.
3
ç‡ÊÏËÚ ÍÌÓÔÍÛ
.
êÂÁÛθڇÚ: Ç Á‡‚ËÒËÏÓÒÚË ÓÚ ÚÂÏÔÂ‡ÚÛ˚ ‚ ÍÓÏ̇ÚÂ, ÍÓ̉ˈËÓÌÂ
̇˜Ë̇ÂÚ ‡·ÓÚ‡Ú¸ ‚ ÂÊËÏ Óı·ʉÂÌËfl ËÎË Ó·Ó„‚‡.
4
R-14
ç‡Ô‡‚ÎÂÌË ‚ÓÁ‰Û¯ÌÓ„Ó ÔÓÚÓ͇
ç‡ÊÏËÚ ÍÌÓÔÍÛ
Ë
۷‰ËÚÂÒ¸, ˜ÚÓ Ô·ÒÚËÌ˚,
„ÛÎËÛ˛˘Ë ÔÓÚÓÍ ‚ÓÁ‰Ûı‡,
‡·ÓÚ‡˛Ú ÌÓχθÌÓ.
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ᇂÂ¯ÂÌË ÛÒÚ‡ÌÓ‚ÍË
àÌÒÚÛÍÚ‡Ê ÔÓθÁÓ‚‡ÚÂÎfl
èÂ‰ ÚÂÏ, Í‡Í ÔÓÍËÌÛÚ¸ ÔÓÏ¢ÂÌËÂ, ‚ ÍÓÚÓÓÏ ‚˚ ÛÒÚ‡ÌÓ‚ËÎË
ÍÓ̉ˈËÓÌÂ, ‚˚ ‰ÓÎÊÌ˚ Ó·˙flÒÌËÚ¸ ‚·‰ÂθˆÛ ÒÎÂ‰Û˛˘ËÂ
ÓÔÂ‡ˆËË, ÒÒ˚·flÒ¸ ̇ ÒÓÓÚ‚ÂÚÒÚ‚Û˛˘Ë ÒÚ‡Ìˈ˚
àÌÒÚÛ͈ËË ‰Îfl ÔÓθÁÓ‚‡ÚÂÎfl.
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ä‡Í ‚Íβ˜‡Ú¸ Ë ‚˚Íβ˜‡Ú¸ ÍÓ̉ˈËÓÌÂ.
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ä‡Í ‚˚·Ë‡Ú¸ ÂÊËÏ˚ ‡·ÓÚ˚ Ë „ÛÎËÓ‚‡Ú¸ ÚÂÏÔÂ‡ÚÛÛ Ë
ÒÍÓÓÒÚ¸ ‚‡˘ÂÌËfl ‚ÂÌÚËÎflÚÓ‡.
3
ä‡Í „ÛÎËÓ‚‡Ú¸ ̇Ô‡‚ÎÂÌË ‚ÓÁ‰Û¯ÌÓ„Ó ÔÓÚÓ͇.
4
ä‡Í ÔÓ„‡ÏÏËÓ‚‡Ú¸ Ú‡ÈÏÂ˚.
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ä‡Í ÒÌËχڸ Ë ˜ËÒÚËÚ¸ ÙËθÚ˚.
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èÓÒΠÚÓ„Ó, Í‡Í ‚·‰ÂΈ ÛflÒÌËÎ ÓÒÌÓ‚Ì˚ ÔË̈ËÔ˚
ËÒÔÓθÁÓ‚‡ÌËfl ÍÓ̉ˈËÓÌÂ‡, ÔÂ‰‡ÈÚ ÂÏÛ àÌÒÚÛÍˆË˛
‰Îfl ÔÓθÁÓ‚‡ÚÂÎfl Ë ˝ÚÛ àÌÒÚÛÍˆË˛ ÔÓ ÛÒÚ‡ÌÓ‚ÍÂ,
˜ÚÓ·˚ ÓÌ ı‡ÌËÎ Ëı ÔÓ‰ ÛÍÓÈ ‚ ·ÂÁÓÔ‡ÒÌÓÏ ÏÂÒÚÂ.
R-15
AQ07X*_R_IM_27212
1/19/07 11:21 AM
Page 16
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