Casio | CT-X700 | MIDI Implementation | Casio CT-X700 MIDI Implementation

CT-X700/CT-X800/CTX-870IN
MIDI Implementation
CASIO COMPUTER CO., LTD.
Contents
I
Overview
1
4
Product Configuration as a
System Section . . . . . . . . .
Performance Controller Section
Sound Generator Section . . .
1.1
1.2
1.3
MIDI Device
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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4
4
4
4
2
Timbre Type Specific Operation
6
3
Controlling Send/Receive of MIDI Messages in Each Instrument Part
6
4
Conditions that Disable Message Send and Receive
6
II
Channel Message
7
5
Note Off
7
6
Note On
7
7
7.1
7.2
7.3
7.4
7.5
7.6
7.7
7.8
7.9
7.10
7.11
7.12
7.13
7.14
7.15
7.16
7.17
7.18
Control Change
Bank Select (00H,20H) .
Modulation (01H) . . . .
Portamento Time(05H) .
Data Entry (06H,26H) . .
Volume (07H) . . . . . .
Pan (0AH) . . . . . . . .
Expression (0BH) . . . .
Hold1 (40H) . . . . . . .
Portamento On/Off(41H)
Sostenuto (42H) . . . . .
Soft (43H) . . . . . . . .
Filter Resonance(47H) . .
Release Time (48H) . . .
Attack Time (49H) . . . .
Filter Cutoff (4AH) . . .
Vibrato Rate (4CH) . . .
Vibrato Depth (4DH) . .
Vibrato Delay (4EH) . .
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7
7
8
8
8
8
9
9
9
10
10
11
11
11
11
12
12
12
12
7.19
7.20
7.21
7.22
7.23
7.24
7.25
7.26
7.27
7.28
7.29
7.30
Portamento Control(54H) .
Reverb Send (5BH) . . . .
Chorus Send (5DH) . . . .
Delay Send (5EH) . . . . .
RPN (64H,65H) . . . . . .
All Sound Off (78H) . . . .
Reset All Controllers (79H)
All Notes Off (7BH) . . . .
Omni Off (7CH) . . . . . .
Omni On (7DH) . . . . . .
Mono (7EH) . . . . . . . .
Poly (7FH) . . . . . . . . .
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13
13
13
13
14
15
15
15
15
16
16
16
8
Program Change
16
9
Channel After Touch
17
10
Pitch Bend
17
III
System Message
18
11
Active Sensing
18
12
12.1
12.2
12.3
System Exclusive Message
Universal Real Time System Exclusive Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Universal Non Real Time System Exclusive Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Instrument-Specific System Exclusive Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
18
18
20
20
IV
Instrument-Specific System Exclusive Messages
21
13
13.1
13.2
13.3
Format
21
Message Classifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Basic Message Structure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Format of Each Field . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
14
Individual Parameter Operations
15
15.1
15.2
Casio General System Exclusive
26
Format . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
Declared Variable Length of Category ID, Sub Category ID and Parameter ID . . . . . . 26
V
25
Parameter List
27
16
Using the Parameter List
17
17.1
Tone Parameter
27
ToneBlock Parameter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
VI
27
Setting Values and Send/ Receive Values
2
29
18
18.1
18.2
18.3
18.4
18.5
18.6
18.7
18.8
VII
19
19.1
19.2
Setting Value Tables
0 - 127 Setting Value Table . . . .
Off/On Setting Value Table . . . .
Sustain Pedal Setting Value Table
–64 - 0 - +63 Setting Value Table
Pan Setting Value Table . . . . . .
Fine Tuning Setting Value Table .
Reverb Type Setting Value Table .
Chorus Type Setting Value Table
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MIDI Implementation Notation
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29
29
29
29
29
29
30
30
30
31
Value Notation
31
Hexadecimal Notation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
Binary Notation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
3
Part I
Overview
1
Product Configuration as a MIDI Device
As a MIDI device, this Instrument consists of the System Section, Sound Generator Section, and Performance Controller Section described below. Each of these sections can send and receive specific MIDI
Messages in accordance with its function.
1.1
System Section
The System Section manages the Instrument status and user data.
1.2
Performance Controller Section
The Performance Controller Section performs keyboard play and controller operations, and generates
performance messages. Basically, generated performance messages are sent to external destinations
while also being transmitted to the Sound Generator Section. The channel number of the sent channel
message is in accordance with the Instrument’s MIDI setting. For details about the MIDI setting, see
the Instrument’s User’s Guide.
1.3
Sound Generator Section
The Sound Generator Section mainly performs receive of performance information and sound source
setting information. It consists of a common part that does not depend on the channel and a musical
instrument part that is independent of each channel.
1.3.1
Sound Generator Common Block
The common block consists of system effects, master control, etc. These can be controlled effect function,
general universal system exclusive messages, or the Instrument’s system exclusive messages or all.
1.3.2
Instrument Part Block
The instrument part section is devided into A, B, C group for every 16 parts, and it consists of a total
of 48 parts. The settings of each part can be changed using channel messages or Instrument’s system
exclusive messages or all. Of these, only the C group can be controlled by external channel messages.
The functions assigned to each part are shown below.
4
Port
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
Part number
01
02
03
04
05
06
07
08
09
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
MIDI Receive Ch
-
MIDI Transmit ch
1-16
1-16
1-16
1-16
1-16
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
Port
B
B
B
B
B
Part number
17
18
19
20
21
MIDI Receive Ch
-
MIDI Transmit Ch
-
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
B
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
-
-
5
Assigned Function
Details
Upper1
-
Upper2
-
Lower
-
-
-
Auto Harmonize
-
Lesson guide sound
-
Lesson guide voice
-
Metronome
-
Accomp
Percussion
Accomp
Drum
Accomp
Bass
Accomp
Chord1
Accomp
Chord2
Accomp
Chord3
Accomp
Chord4
Accomp
Chord5
Assigned Function
Details
Recorder
Track1 Upper1
Recorder
Track1 Upper2
Recorder
Track1 Lower
-
-
Recorder
Track1 Auto
Harmonize
-
-
-
-
Pre count
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
Port
C
Part number
33
MIDI Receive Ch
1
MIDI Transmit Ch
-
C
34
2
C
35
C
2
Assigned Function
Details
MIDI/Auto
Play/Recorder
Recorder Track2
-
MIDI/Auto
Play/Recorder
Recorder Track3
3
-
MIDI/Auto
Play/Recorder
Recorder Track4
36
4
-
MIDI/Auto
Play/Recorder
Recorder Track5
C
37
5
-
MIDI/Auto
Play/Recorder
Recorder Track6
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
C
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
-
MIDI/Auto Play
-
MIDI/Auto Play
-
MIDI/Auto Play
-
MIDI/Auto Play
-
MIDI/Auto Play
-
MIDI/Auto Play
-
MIDI/Auto Play
-
MIDI/Auto Play
-
MIDI/Auto Play
-
MIDI/Auto Play
-
MIDI/Auto Play
-
Timbre Type Specific Operation
The sound source operation performed for a sound generator instrument receive message may depend
on the value of the Timbre Type (see “About the Timbre Type” in “8 Program Change”) of each part’s
operation mode. For details, see the explanation for each message.
3
Controlling Send/Receive of MIDI Messages in Each Instrument Part
Send and receive of MIDI messages for each instrument part can be controlled by global Instrument
MIDI settings and Instrument-specific system exclusive messages. See the Instrument’s User’s Guide for
details.
4
Conditions that Disable Message Send and Receive
No MIDI messages at all can be sent or received while “「Wait ...」, 「Bye」” is on the display.
6
Part II
Channel Message
5
Note Off
Format
Message Format:
n:
kk:
vv:
8nH kkH vvH
9nH kkH 00H(receive only)
MIDI Channel Number
Key Number
velocity
Transmit Sent when something is played on the keyboard or when play is performed using an arpeggio,
etc. The key number changes in accordance with on the Transpose function and Octave Shift function.
Receive Receipt stops a note being sounded by a note on message.
6
Note On
Message Format:
n:
kk:
vv:
9nH kkH vvH
MIDI Channel Number
Key Number
Velocity
Transmit Sent when something is played on the keyboard or when play is performed using an arpeggio,
etc. The key number changes in accordance with on the Transpose function and Octave Shift function.
Receive Receipt sounds a note of the corresponding instrument part.
7
Control Change
Message Format:
n:
cc:
vv:
BnH ccH vvH
MIDI Channel Number
Control Number
Value
For details about messages, see each section of this manual that covers them.
7.1
Bank Select (00H,20H)
Message Format:
n:
mm:
ll:
BnH 00H mmH (MSB)
BnH 20H llH (LSB)
MIDI Channel Number
MSB Value(Note1)
LSB Value(Transmit:00H, Receive:Ignored)
7
Note1: For details about the relationship between the MSB value and the tone, see the Tone List that comes with the
Instrument.
Transmit Sent when a tone setup number is selected.
Receive Receipt causes a change in the tone bank number stored in Instrument memory, but the
tone is not actually changed until a Program Change message is received. For details, see “8 Program
Change”.
7.2
Modulation (01H)
Message Format:
n:
vv:
BnH 01H vvH
MIDI Channel Number
Value
Receive Receipt adds, to the tone being sounded, modulation of a depth specified by the value. In
the case of a tone that already has modulation applied, receipt of this message increases the modulation
depth. The modulation effect differs according to the tone being used.
7.3
Portamento Time(05H)
Message Format:
n:
vv:
BnH 05H vvH
MIDI Channel Number
Value
Receive Receipt changes the portamento application time.
7.4
Data Entry (06H,26H)
Message Format:
n:
mm:
ll:
BnH 06H mmH (MSB)
BnH 26H llH (LSB)
MIDI Channel Number
MSB Value
LSB Value
Transmit Sent when there is a change to the parameter assigned to RPN, NRPN.
Receive Receipt changes the parameter assigned to RPN, NRPN.
7.5
Volume (07H)
Message Format:
n:
vv:
BnH 07H vvH
MIDI Channel Number
Value
8
Transmit Sent when MIDI setting of Accomp Out set to ON and when automatic accompaniment is
used.
Receive Receipt changes the part volume.
7.6
Pan (0AH)
Message Format:
n:
vv:
BnH 0AH vvH
MIDI Channel Number
Value(Note1)
Note1: For information about the relationship between setting values and send/receive values, see “18.5 Pan Setting Value
Table” in “VI Setting Values and Send/Receive Values”.
Transmit Sent when MIDI setting of Accomp Out set to ON and when automatic accompaniment is
used.
Receive Receipt changes the pan of the corresponding part.
7.7
Expression (0BH)
Message Format:
n:
vv:
BnH 0BH vvH
MIDI Channel Number
Value
Transmit Sent when MIDI setting of Accomp Out set to ON and when automatic accompaniment is
used.
Receive Receipt changes the Expression value.
7.8
Hold1 (40H)
Message Format:
n:
vv:
BnH 40H vvH
MIDI Channel Number
Value
Receive Receipt performs an operation equivalent to a sustain pedal operation.
Timbre Type Specific Operation This operation differs in accordance with the Timbre Type (see
“About the Timbre Type” in “8 Program Change”) setting.
• Timbre Type: Melody,Hex Layer
Sustain off/on control is performed in accordance with the value of the received message. For
information about
the relationship between setting values and send/receive values, see the“ 18.2 Off/On Setting Value
Table ” in
“ VI Setting Values and Send/Receive Values ”.
9
• Timbre Type: Piano
Continuous control of the following is performed in accordance with the value of the received
message.
– Piano note decay rate
For information about the relationship between setting values and
send/receive values,
see “ 18.3 Sustain Pedal Setting Value Table ” in “ VI Setting
Values and Send/Receive Values. ”
• Timbre Type: LM (Linear Morphing) Piano
Continuous control of the following is performed in accordance with
the value of the received message.
– Piano note decay rate
– Resonance characteristics and decay rate of Damper Resonance effect resonance note
see “ 18.3 Sustain Pedal Setting Value Table ” in “ VI Setting
Values and Send/Receive Values. ”
• Timbre Type: Drum
The received message does not affect sound source operation.
7.9
Portamento On/Off(41H)
Message Format:
n:
vv:
BnH 41H vvH
MIDI Channel Number
Value (Note1)
Note1: For information about the relationship between setting values and send/receive values, see the “18.2 Off/On Setting
Value Table” in “VI Setting Values and Send/Receive Values” of this document.
Transmit Sent when the portament on/off is changed.
Receive Receipt changes the portamento on/off setting.
7.10
Sostenuto (42H)
Message Format:
n:
vv:
BnH 42H vvH
MIDI Channel Number
Value (Note1)
Note1: For information about the relationship between setting values and send/receive values, see the “18.2 Off/On Setting
Value Table” in “VI Setting Values and Send/Receive Values” of this document.
Transmit Sent when a pedal that has a sostenuto function is operated.
Receive Receipt performs an operation equivalent to a sostenuto pedal operation.
10
7.11
Soft (43H)
Message Format:
n:
vv:
BnH 43H vvH
MIDI Channel Number
Value (Note1)
Note1: For information about the relationship between setting values and send/receive values, see the “18.2 Off/On Setting
Value Table” in “VI Setting Values and Send/Receive Values” of this document.
Transmit Sent when a pedal that has a soft function is operated.
Receive Receipt performs an operation equivalent to a soft pedal operation.
7.12
Filter Resonance(47H)
Message Format:
n:
vv:
BnH 47H vvH
MIDI Channel Number
Value
Receive Receipt changes the resonance intensity.
7.13
Release Time (48H)
Message Format:
n:
vv:
BnH 48H vvH
MIDI Channel Number
Value (Note1)
Note1: For information about the relationship between setting values and send/receive values, see the “18.4 –64 - 0 - +63
Setting Value Table” in “VI Setting Values and Send/Receive Values” of this document.
Receive Receipt makes a relative change in the time it takes for a note to decay to zero after a key is
released.
7.14
Attack Time (49H)
Message Format:
n:
vv:
BnH 49H vvH
MIDI Channel Number
Value (Note1)
Note1: For information about the relationship between setting values and send/receive values, see the “18.4 –64 - 0 - +63
Setting Value Table” in “VI Setting Values and Send/Receive Values” of this document.
Receive Receipt makes a relative change in the time it takes for a note to rise to its maximum level.
11
7.15
Filter Cutoff (4AH)
Message Format:
n:
vv:
BnH 4AH vvH
MIDI Channel Number
Value (Note1)
Note1: For information about the relationship between setting values and send/receive values, see the “18.4 –64 - 0 - +63
Setting Value Table” in “VI Setting Values and Send/Receive Values” of this document.
Receive Receipt changes how the cut-off filter is applied.
7.16
Vibrato Rate (4CH)
Message Format:
n:
vv:
BnH 4CH vvH
MIDI Channel Number
Value (Note1)
Note1: For information about the relationship between setting values and send/receive values, see the “18.4 –64 - 0 - +63
Setting Value Table” in “VI Setting Values and Send/Receive Values” of this document.
Receive Receipt changes the note vibrato rate.
7.17
Vibrato Depth (4DH)
Message Format:
n:
vv:
BnH 4DH vvH
MIDI Channel Number
Value (Note1)
Note1: For information about the relationship between setting values and send/receive values, see the “18.4 –64 - 0 - +63
Setting Value Table” in “VI Setting Values and Send/Receive Values” of this document.
Receive Receipt changes the degree of pitch modulation.
7.18
Vibrato Delay (4EH)
Message Format:
n:
vv:
BnH 4EH vvH
MIDI Channel Number
Value (Note1)
Note1: For information about the relationship between setting values and send/receive values, see the “18.4 –64 - 0 - +63
Setting Value Table” in “VI Setting Values and Send/Receive Values” of this document.
Receive Receipt changes the time it takes until note vibrato starts.
12
7.19
Portamento Control(54H)
Message Format:
n:
vv:
BnH 54H vvH
MIDI Channel Number
Source Key Number
Receive Receipt of this message first stores the Source Note Number for the next note. When the next
Note On is received, the portamento effect is applied to the note using this Source Note Number as the
pitch start point and the Note On event key number as the end point. If there already is a note being
sounded by Source Note Number at this time, the new note on is not performed and the portamento
effect is applied to the pitch of the note being sounded. That is to say that legato play is performed.
7.20
Reverb Send (5BH)
Message Format:
n:
vv:
BnH 5BH vvH
MIDI Channel Number
Value
Transmit Sent when GM tone is selected, when MIDI setting of Accomp Out set to ON and when
automatic accompaniment is used.
Receive Receipt changes the reverb send of the corresponding part.
7.21
Chorus Send (5DH)
Message Format:
n:
vv:
BnH 5DH vvH
MIDI Channel Number
Value
Transmit Sent when Chorus type is selected, when MIDI setting of Accomp Out set to ON and when
automatic accompaniment is used.
Receive Receipt changes the chorus send of the corresponding part.
7.22
Delay Send (5EH)
Message Format:
n:
vv:
BnH 5EH vvH
MIDI Channel Number
Value
Transmit Sent when GM tone is selected, when MIDI setting of Accomp Out set to ON and when
automatic accompaniment is used.
Receive Receipt changes the delay send of the corresponding part.
13
7.23
RPN (64H,65H)
Message Format:
n:
ll:
mm:
7.23.1
BnH 64H llH (LSB)
BnH 65H mmH (MSB)
MIDI Channel Number
LSB Value
MSB Value
Pitch Bend Sensitivity
Message Format:
n:
mm:
ll:
BnH 64H 00H
BnH 65H 00H
BnH 06H mmH
BnH 26H llH
MIDI Channel Number
MSB Value(00H - 18H)
LSB Value(Transmit:00H, Receive:Ignored)
Transmit Sent when calling Registration.(CT-X800/CT-X870IN)
Receive Receipt changes Bend Range of the corresponding part.
7.23.2
Fine Tune
Message Format:
n:
mm:
ll:
BnH 64H 01H
BnH 65H 00H
BnH 06H mmH
BnH 26H llH
MIDI Channel Number
MSB Value
LSB Value
Transmit Sent when calling Registration.
Receive Receipt changes the fine tune of the corresponding part.
7.23.3
Coarse Tune
Message Format:
n:
mm:
ll:
BnH 64H 02H
BnH 65H 00H
BnH 06H mmH
BnH 26H llH
MIDI Channel Number
MSB Value(28H - 58H)
LSB Value(Transmit:00H, Receive:Ignored)
14
Transmit Sent when calling Registration.
Receive Receipt changes the coarse tune of the corresponding part. Does not affect sound source
operation when the Timbre Type (see “About the Timbre Type” in “8 Program Change”) is Drum.
7.23.4
Null
Message Format:
n:
BnH 64H 7FH
BnH 65H 7FH
MIDI Channel Number
Transmit Sent when change settings related to MIDI transmission.
Receive Receipt de-selects RPN, NRPN.
7.24
All Sound Off (78H)
Message Format:
n:
BnH 78H 00H
MIDI Channel Number
Receive Receipt stops all voices that are sounding.
7.25
Reset All Controllers (79H)
Message Format:
n:
BnH 79H 00H
MIDI Channel Number
Transmit Sent when MIDI send related settings are changed.
Receive Receipt initializes each performance controller.
7.26
All Notes Off (7BH)
Message Format:
n:
BnH 7BH 00H
MIDI Channel Number
Receive Receipt releases (key release) all voices that are sounding.
7.27
Omni Off (7CH)
Message Format:
n:
BnH 7CH 00H
MIDI Channel Number
Receive Receipt performs the same operation as when All Notes Off is received.
15
7.28
Omni On (7DH)
Message Format:
n:
BnH 7DH 00H
MIDI Channel Number
Receive Receipt performs the same operation as when All Notes Off is received.
7.29
Mono (7EH)
Message Format:
n:
BnH 7EH 00H
MIDI Channel Number
Receive Receipt performs the same operation as when All Sound Off is received.
7.30
Poly (7FH)
Message Format:
n:
BnH 7FH 00H
MIDI Channel Number
Receive Receipt performs the same operation as when All Sound Off is received.
8
Program Change
Message Format:
n:
pp:
CnH ppH
MIDI Channel Number
Program Number (Note1)
Note1: For details about the relationship between the program number and the tone, see the Tone List that comes with the
Instrument.
Transmit Sent when a tone.
Receive Receipt changes the ton of the corresponding part. The selected tone is determined by the
program value of this message and the Bank Select message value received prior to this message.
About the Timbre Type Tones that are selected by each Instrument part have an attribute that
depends on the sound source operation type. This attribute is called the “timbre type,” which is one of
the types described below.
• Melody
This timbre type optimizes for normal melody tones. The damper pedal performs on/off operations.
• Piano
This Timbre Type is for piano tones. The decay rate of the voice being sounded is seamlessly altered
in accordance with the damper pedal position. The method for producing sound in response to the
note messages also is different from that of the melody Timbre Type, and operation is optimized
for piano.
16
• LMPiano
This Timbre Type is for Linear Morphing piano tones. The decay rate of the voice being sounded
and Damper Resonance effect characteristics are seamlessly altered in accordance with the damper
pedal position. The method for producing sound in response to the note messages also is different
from that of the melody Timbre Type, and operation is optimized for piano.
• Drum
This setting optimizes for drum sounds. The damper pedal does not function. The Hold1, Channel
Coarse Tune, and Master Coarse Tune messages are ignored if they are received.
9
Channel After Touch
Message Format:
n:
vv:
DnH vvH
MIDI Channel Number
Value
Receive Receipt adds, to the tone being sounded, modulation of a depth specified by the value. In
the case of a tone that already has modulation applied, receipt of this message increases the modulation
depth. The modulation effect differs according to the tone being used.
10
Pitch Bend
Message Format:
n:
ll:
mm:
EnH llH mmH
MIDI Channel Number
Value LSB
Value MSB
Transmit Sent when the bender is operated.(CT-X800/CT-X870IN)
Receive Receipt changes the pitch of the currently sounding note. The range of the pitch change
depends on the Bend Range value setting.
17
Part III
System Message
11
Active Sensing
Message Format:
FEH
Transmit Sent periodically.
Receive Once this message is received, the Active Sensing mode is entered. If no MIDI message is
received for a specified amount of time, voices being sounded by this Instrument’s sound source are
released, the controller is reset, and the Active Sensing mode is exited.
12
System Exclusive Message
Message Format:
ii:
F0H iiH 7FH....F7H
ID Number
The Instrument sends and receives standard universal system exclusive messages, and system exclusive
messages that have Instrument-specific formats.
ID Number
ID Number
44H
7EH
7FH
12.1
The ID numbers handed by this Instrument are shown below.
ID Name
Casio Computer Co. Ltd
Non Real Time System Exclusive Message
Real Time System Exclusive Message
Universal Real Time System Exclusive Message
Message Format:
12.1.1
F0H 7FH 7FH....F7H
Master Volume
Message Format:
ll:
mm:
F0H 7FH 7FH 04H 01H llH mmH F7H
LSB Value(Receive:Ignored)
MSB Value
Receive Receipt changes the Song Volume.
12.1.2
Master Fine Tuning
Message Format:
ll:
mm:
F0H 7FH 7FH 04H 03H llH mmH F7H
LSB Value(Note1)
MSB Value(Note1)
18
Note1: For information about the relationship between setting values and send/receive values, see “18.6 Fine Tuning Setting
Value Table” in “VI Setting Values and Send/Receive Values” of this document.
Transmit This message is sent when the tuning setting is changed.
Receive Receipt changes the tuning setting.
12.1.3
Master Coarse Tuning
Message Format:
ll:
mm:
F0H 7FH 7FH 04H 04H llH mmH F7H
LSB Value(Transmit:00H,Receive:Ignored)
MSB Value(28H - 58H)
Receive Receipt changes the Patch Master Coarse Tune parameter.
12.1.4
Reverb Type
Message Format:
vv:
F0H 7FH 7FH 04H 05H 01H 01H 01H 01H 01H 00H vvH F7H
Value(Note1)
Note1: For information about the relationship between setting values and send/receive values, see “18.7 Reverb Type Setting
Value Table” in “VI Setting Values and Send/Receive Values” of this document.
Transmit Sent when Reverb Type is changed.
Receive Receipt changes the reverb type.
12.1.5
Reverb Time
Message Format:
vv:
F0H 7FH 7FH 04H 05H 01H 01H 01H 01H 01H 01H vvH F7H
Value
Receive Receipt changes the Reverb duration.
12.1.6
Chorus Type
Message Format:
vv:
F0H 7FH 7FH 04H 05H 01H 01H 01H 01H 02H 00H vvH F7H
Value(Note1)
Note1: For information about the relationship between setting values and send/receive values, see “18.8 Chorus Type Setting
Value Table” in “VI Setting Values and Send/Receive Values” of this document.
Transmit Sent when Chorus Type is changed.
Receive Receipt changes the chorus type.
19
12.1.7
Modulation Rate
Message Format:
vv:
F0H 7FH 7FH 04H 05H 01H 01H 01H 01H 02H 01H vvH F7H
Value
Receive Receipt changes the Chorus Rate.
12.1.8
Modulation Depth
Message Format:
vv:
F0H 7FH 7FH 04H 05H 01H 01H 01H 01H 02H 02H vvH F7H
Value
Receive Receipt changes the chorus level setting.
12.1.9
Send To Reverb
Message Format:
vv:
F0H 7FH 7FH 04H 05H 01H 01H 01H 01H 02H 04H vvH F7H
Value
Receive Receipt changes the Chorus Sent To Reverb setting.
12.2
Universal Non Real Time System Exclusive Message
Message Format:
12.2.1
F0H 7EH 7FH....F7H
GM System On
Message Format:
F0H 7EH 7FH 09H 01H F7H
Receive Receipt puts the sound source into a GM sound source mode.
12.2.2
GM System Off
Message Format:
F0H 7EH 7FH 09H 02H F7H
Receive Receipt changes the sound source setting to the Instrument presetting.
12.2.3
GM2 System On
Message Format:
F0H 7EH 7FH 09H 03H F7H
Receive Though the Instrument does not support GM2, receipt of the GM2 System On message has
the same result as receipt of the GM System On message.
12.3
Instrument-Specific System Exclusive Message
Message Format:
F0H 44H ...
F7H
This message can be used to send the Instrument memory status, for two-way transfer of special
operation commands and user data, to perform sound source parameter operations, etc. For more
information, see “IV Instrument-Specific System Exclusive Messages”.
20
Part IV
Instrument-Specific System Exclusive
Messages
13
Format
This section explains the format of the Instrument-specific System Exclusive Messages. See “V Parameter
List” for information about how parameter sets actually are transferred.
13.1
Message Classifications
Basically, the operation that corresponds to Instrument-specific system exclusive messages is parameter
data transfer.
The following operations can be performed from an external device using this parameter transfer
message.
• Modification of an individual Instrument parameter
• Import of an individual Instrument parameter value
13.2
Basic Message Structure
”Indivisual Parameter Transfer”(single parameter transmission/reception) is a format of instrumentspecific system exclusive message, which comprise a number of different messages for each operation.
The field in the system exclusive message that specifies the message type is the action (act) field.
The format of the body part of the message depends on the act value.
The table below shows the body format for each action of Instrument-specific system exclusive messages. An actual message consists of the items indicated by Y, from left to right.
IPR
IPS
13.3
13.3.1
SX
MAN
MOD
dev
act
Y
Y
Y
Y
Y
Y
Y
Y
Y
Y
cat
Y
Y
body (act
mem pset
Y
Y
Y
Y
Dependent
blk prm
Y
Y
Y
Y
part)
idx len
Y
Y
Y
Y
EOX
data
Y
Y
Y
Format of Each Field
SX : System Exclusive message Status
Format:
11110000B (F0H)
This is the System Exclusive Message status byte established by the MIDI standard.
13.3.2
MAN : Manufacturer’s ID
Format:
01000100B (CASIO = 44H)
Indicates this Instrument’s manufacturer ID.
21
13.3.3
MOD : Model ID
Format:
MSB
LSB
00011001B (19H)
00000001B (01H)
These two successive bytes (MSB, LSB) indicate the CT-X700/CT-X800/CTX-870IN model ID.
13.3.4
dev : MIDI Device ID 00H - 7FH
Format:
0dddddddB
The contents of this field in a received message are compared with the Model’s MIDI Device ID, and
receipt of the incoming message is allowed only when the two IDs match. When a message containing
7FH is received, receipt of the message is always allowed, regardless of the Instrument’s ID setting.
However, this Instrument does not have a unique Device ID, so please use only 7FH for sending and
receiving.
13.3.5
act : Action
Format:
0aaaaaaaB
This field indicates the operation of the Instrument-specific System Exclusive Message.
aaaaaaaB
00H
01H
Action
IPR
IPS
Function
Individual Parameter Request
Individual Parameter Send
IPR:Individual Parameter Request Indicates an individual parameter value send request message.
When the Instrument receives this action, it uses an IPS message to return the specified parameter value.
IPS:Individual Parameter Send Indicates an individual parameter value send message. When
the Instrument receives this action, it rewrites the value specified by the data field with the specified
parameter value.
13.3.6
cat : Category
Format:
0cccccccB
The category indicates the categories of data handled by the System Exclusive Message. The ID
number (ID) of the Category is indicated on the left, while the communication operation (Action) is
indicated on the right.
Category
ID (c) Parameter Set
03H
Tone
05H
Melody
06H
Drum
09H
Hex Layer
0CH
Split
0EH
Wave Parameter
Transfer
Individual Parameter
A
A
A
A
A
A
A · · · Available (Also including when only some parameters are available.)
- · · · Not Available
22
13.3.7
mem : Memory Area ID
Format:
0mmmmmmmB
Specifies the memory area that is the object of the parameter transfer. The following are defined for
this Instrument. Instrument-specific System Exclusive messages basically correspond to the user area
only.
mem
1
13.3.8
Data Type
User area
Meaning
Read/write enabled
pset : Parameter Set Number
Format:
LSB
MSB
0nnnnnnnB
0mmmmmmmB
This field is a 2-byte (LSB, MSB) value indicating the number of the parameter set (mmmmmmmnnnnnnnB,
Binary) being transferred.
13.3.9
blk Block Number
The block number is a supplementary number that specifies which block parameter is to be accessed
when there are multiple blocks (instrument parts, etc.) that include parameters with the same ID within
a single parameter set. The array structure of a block can be expressed up to 4 dimensions, and the size
of a 1-dimensional array is expressed as 14 bits.
Format:
index3
index3
index2
index2
index1
index1
index0
index0
LSB
MSB
LSB
MSB
LSB
MSB
LSB
MSB
0iiiiiiiB
0jjjjjjjB
0kkkkkkkB
0lllllllB
0mmmmmmmB
0nnnnnnnB
0oooooooB
0pppppppB
Note: Arranged in high dimension sequence.
1-dimension array block [index0]
1-dimension array block [index0]
Value
00jjjjjjjiiiiiiiB
00lllllllkkkkkkkB
00nnnnnnnmmmmmmmB
00pppppppoooooooB
Meaning
0000H
0000H
0000H
index0
23
2-dimension array block [index1][index0]
Value
00jjjjjjjiiiiiiiB
00lllllllkkkkkkkB
00nnnnnnnmmmmmmmB
00pppppppoooooooB
Meaning
0000H
0000H
index1
index0
3-dimension array block [index2][index1][index0]
Value
00jjjjjjjiiiiiiiB
00lllllllkkkkkkkB
00nnnnnnnmmmmmmmB
00pppppppoooooooB
Meaning
0000H
index2
index1
index0
4-dimension array block [index3][index2][index1][index0]
Value
00jjjjjjjiiiiiiiB
00lllllllkkkkkkkB
00nnnnnnnmmmmmmmB
00pppppppoooooooB
13.3.10
Format:
Meaning
index3
index2
index1
index0
prm : Parameter ID
LSB
MSB
0pppppppB
0qqqqqqqB
The Parameter ID indicates the parameter type. When transferring parameters (see “V Parameter
List” below) individually (as opposed to bulk transfer), this field is used to identify the parameter being
transferred by its parameter ID.
13.3.11
Format:
idx : Data Index Number
LSB
MSB
0iiiiiiiB
0jjjjjjjB
The data index number indicates the first array number of the array from which transfer starts.
13.3.12
Format:
len : Data Length
LSB
MSB
0lllllllB
0mmmmmmmB
Individual Parameter Transfer The value of this field specifies the size of the parameter value
stored in the data field. Data length indicates the length of the array being transferred minus 1 when
the parameter contains a character string or other similar array structure.
24
13.3.13
data : Parameter Data
Individual Parameter Transfer
Format:
index0
index1
index2
:
indexN
0dddddddB
0dddddddB
0dddddddB
:
0dddddddB
(0eeeeeeeB) (0fffffffB) (0gggggggB) (0hhhhhhhB)
(0eeeeeeeB) (0fffffffB) (0gggggggB) (0hhhhhhhB)
(0eeeeeeeB) (0fffffffB) (0gggggggB) (0hhhhhhhB)
(0eeeeeeeB) (0fffffffB) (0gggggggB) (0hhhhhhhB)
Parameter data indicates the parameter value. Data is repeatedly placed in an array of the size equivalent to len+1. For the structure of one data item, the length depends on the data bit width(Parameter
List Size), as shown below.
Size
1 - 7
8 - 14
15 - 21
22 - 28
29 - 32
Number of Data
1
2
3
4
5
Each block of data is packed from the lowest order byte first. In the case of multiple-byte data, the
lowest weighted bit is the least significant digit of the first data byte, and the highest weighted bit is
the most significant digit of the final data byte. The following shows an example of how data would be
divided for transfer in the case of 32-bit data.
data0:
data1:
data2:
data3:
data4:
7
0
0
0
0
0
6
[bit06]
[bit13]
[bit20]
[bit27]
0
5
[bit05]
[bit12]
[bit19]
[bit26]
0
4
[bit04]
[bit11]
[bit18]
[bit25]
0
3
[bit03]
[bit10]
[bit17]
[bit24]
[bit31]
2
[bit02]
[bit09]
[bit16]
[bit23]
[bit30]
1
[bit01]
[bit08]
[bit15]
[bit22]
[bit29]
0
[bit00]
[bit07]
[bit14]
[bit21]
[bit28]
Single Parameter Data Size Limit Under the Instrument’s System Exclusive message format, the
size of a single message cannot exceed 48 bytes in all other cases. The data size and the array size,
however, can cause a packet to exceed 48 bytes when transferring a single parameter array. In this case,
the IPS and IPR message data length and data index number values can be modified to enable division
of a single parameter value into multiple messages so it can be sent that way.
14
Individual Parameter Operations
There are two parameter unit operations: Individual Parameter Transfer and Individual Parameter
Request. For one session, in response to an IPR (Individual Parameter Request) from an external
device, this Instrument returns an IPS (Individual Parameter Send) or the session is concluded when
the external device or this Instrument spontaneously sends an IPS. If this Instrument received an IPS,
the value of the applicable parameter is changed. Depending on the function of a parameter, Individual
Parameter Send may be used to issue a command to the Instrument and Individual Parameter Request
may be used to check Instrument status information.
Data Receiver
IPR
Data Sender
→
←
IPS
25
Operation
Send Request(Optional)
Data Transfer
15
15.1
Casio General System Exclusive
Format
Message Format:
ii:
cc ...:
ss ...:
pp ...:
dd ...:
15.2
F0H 44H 7EH 7FH iiH ccH ...
Device ID (0x00...0x7F)
Category ID
Sub Category ID
Parameter ID
Data
ssH ...
ppH ...
ddH ...
F7H
Declared Variable Length of Category ID, Sub Category ID and Parameter ID
Category ID(cc...),Sub Category ID(ss...) and Parameter ID(pp...) is declared variable length.
However, because of System Exclusive, sixth bit instead of seventh bit is a flag representing continue
to the next byte.
For example,
In case of
F0 44 7E 7F ii 00 01 41 02 dd ... F7
represents
Category ID = 0x00, Sub Category ID =0x01, Parameter ID = (0x40 * 1) + 0x02 = 0x42
26
Part V
Parameter List
This section explains the parameters that actually can be transferred by the Instrument.
16
Using the Parameter List
• Parameter field
Shows the parameter name.
• ID field
Shows the parameter ID as a hexadecimal number.
• R/W field
Shows “R” to indicate that an IPR (Individual Parameter Request) read operation (Read) is
possible or “W” to indicate that an IPS (Individual Parameter Send) write operation is possible.
• Block field
Shows the bit field allocation of the block number. The bit field position is shown as a decimal
format number.
• Size field
Shows the parameter bit width as a decimal format value.
• Array field
Shows the parameter array size as a hexadecimal value.
• Min-Def-Max field
Shows the minimum value, default value, and maximum value for parameter acquisition as a
hexadecimal value.
• Description field
Explains the meaning of parameter values. Unless otherwise specified, setting values are all indicated in decimal format.
Note: Operation is not guaranteed for values other than those noted here.
17
Tone Parameter
These parameters configure tone settings.
17.1
17.1.1
ToneBlock Parameter
Basic Parameter
These parameters configure basic tone settings.
Parameter
ID
R/W Block Size Array Min-Def-Max Description
Name
0000 R/W 55-0:0
7
10
00-20-7F
Ascii Character
KeyOff Velocity Mode 002A R/W
↑
2
01
00-00-02
0...Key Off Velocity
1...Stored Key On Velocity
27
Parameter
ID
R/W
Oct Shift
Line Select
002B R/W
002C R/W
↑
↑
Level
Chorus Send
Reverb Send
Delete Send
Stretch Tuning
002D
0038
0039
003A
0050
↑
↑
↑
↑
↑
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
Block
Size Array Min-Def-Max Description
2...Both
3
01
02-04-06
-2 - 0 - +2
1
01
00-00-01
0...Direct
1...DSP
7
01
00-64-7F
0 - 127
7
01
00-00-7F
0 - 127
7
01
00-28-7F
0 - 127
7
01
00-00-7F
0 - 127
4
01
00-00-0F
0...Off
1...Piano1
2...Piano2
3...Piano3
4...Piano4
5...Piano5
6...E.Piano1
7...E.Piano2
28
Part VI
Setting Values and Send/ Receive Values
18
18.1
Setting Value Tables
0 - 127 Setting Value Table
Receive Value
00H - 00H
:
7FH - 7FH
18.2
Parameter
Off
On
Receive Value
00H
:
7FH
Parameter
Off
(continuous)
Full
–64 - 0 - +63 Setting Value Table
Transmit Value
00H
:
40H
:
7FH
18.5
Receive Value
00H - 3FH
40H - 7FH
Sustain Pedal Setting Value Table
Transmit Value
:
-
18.4
Parameter
0
:
127
Off/On Setting Value Table
Transmit Value
00H
7FH
18.3
DSP Parameter Value
00H
:
7FH
Receive Value
00H
:
40H
:
7FH
Parameter
-64
:
0
:
+63
Pan Setting Value Table
Transmit Value
00H
:
40H
:
7FH
Receive Value
00H
:
40H
:
7FH
Parameter
Left
:
Center
:
Right
29
18.6
Fine Tuning Setting Value Table
Transmit Value
(LSB, MSB)
(43H, 00H)
(65H, 00H)
(07H, 01H)
(29H, 01H)
:
(40H, 3FH)
(60H, 3FH)
(00H, 40H)
(20H, 40H)
(40H, 40H)
:
(54H, 7EH)
(73H, 7EH)
(11H, 7FH)
(30H, 7FH)
18.7
(00H,
(60H,
(00H,
(20H,
:
(30H,
(50H,
(70H,
(20H,
(40H,
:
(50H,
(70H,
(10H,
(30H,
Parameter
00H)
00H)
01H)
01H)
-
(5FH,
(7FH,
(1FH,
(3FH,
00H)
00H)
01H)
01H)
3FH)
3FH)
3FH)
40H)
40H)
-
(4FH,
(6FH,
(1FH,
(3FH,
(5FH,
3FH)
3FH)
40H)
40H)
40H)
7EH)
7EH)
7FH)
7FH)
-
(6FH,
(0FH,
(2FH,
(7FH,
7EH)
7FH)
7FH)
7FH)
415.5
415.6
415.7
415.8
:
439.8
439.9
440.0
440.1
440.2
:
465.6
465.7
465.8
465.9
Hz
Hz
Hz
Hz
Hz
Hz
Hz
Hz
Hz
Hz
Hz
Hz
Hz
Reverb Type Setting Value Table
Transmit Value
-
18.8
Receive Value
Receive Value
00H
01H
02H
03H
04H
08H
Parameter
Room
Room
Room
Hall1
Hall2
Plate
Chorus Type Setting Value Table
Transmit Value
-
Receive Value
00H
01H
02H
03H
04H
05H
Parameter
Light Cho
Light Cho
Chorus
Chorus
FB Chorus
Flanger
30
Part VII
MIDI Implementation Notation
19
19.1
Value Notation
Hexadecimal Notation
MIDI implementation sometimes requires that data be expressed in hexadecimal format. Hexadecimal
values are indicated by the letter “H” after the value. The hexadecimal equivalents of decimal values 10
through 15 are expressed as the letters A through F.
The table below shows the hexadecimal equivalents for decimal values 0 through 127, which are often
used in MIDI messages.
Decimal
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
19.2
Hexadecimal
00H
01H
02H
03H
04H
05H
06H
07H
08H
09H
0AH
0BH
0CH
0DH
0EH
0FH
10H
11H
12H
13H
14H
15H
16H
17H
18H
19H
1AH
1BH
1CH
1DH
1EH
1FH
Decimal
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
Hexadecimal
20H
21H
22H
23H
24H
25H
26H
27H
28H
29H
2AH
2BH
2CH
2DH
2EH
2FH
30H
31H
32H
33H
34H
35H
36H
37H
38H
39H
3AH
3BH
3CH
3DH
3EH
3FH
Decimal
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
Hexadecimal
40H
41H
42H
43H
44H
45H
46H
47H
48H
49H
4AH
4BH
4CH
4DH
4EH
4FH
50H
51H
52H
53H
54H
55H
56H
57H
58H
59H
5AH
5BH
5CH
5DH
5EH
5FH
Decimal
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
Hexadecimal
60H
61H
62H
63H
64H
65H
66H
67H
68H
69H
6AH
6BH
6CH
6DH
6EH
6FH
70H
71H
72H
73H
74H
75H
76H
77H
78H
79H
7AH
7BH
7CH
7DH
7EH
7FH
Binary Notation
When a MIDI implementation data value is expressed in binary, the letter “B” (for “binary”) is affixed
at the end of the value. The table below shows the binary equivalents for the decimal values 0 through
127, which are often used for settings.
31
Decimal
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
:
125
126
127
Hexadecimal
00H
01H
02H
03H
04H
05H
06H
07H
08H
09H
0AH
0BH
0CH
0DH
0EH
0FH
10H
:
7DH
7EH
7FH
Binary
00000000B
00000001B
00000010B
00000011B
00000100B
00000101B
00000110B
00000111B
00001000B
00001001B
00001010B
00001011B
00001100B
00001101B
00001110B
00001111B
00010000B
01111101B
01111110B
01111111B
32
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