Yamaha PSS-595 Owner's Manual (Image)

Yamaha PSS-595 Owner's Manual (Image)
 YAMAHA
Owner's M
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FCC INFORMATION
1. IMPORTANT NOTICE: DO NOT MODIFY THIS UNIT!
This product, when installed as indicated in the instructions
contained in this manual, meets FCC requirements.
Modifications not expressly approved by Yamaha may void your
authority, granted by the FCC, to use the product.
2. IMPORTANT: When connecting this product to accessories and/
or another product use only high quality shielded cables. Cable/s
supplied with this product MUST be used. Follow all installation
instructions. Failure to follow instructions could void your FCC
authorization to use this product in the USA.
3. NOTE: This product has been tested and found to comply with
the requirements listed in FCC Regulations, Part 15 for Class “B”
digital devices. Compliance with these requirements provides a
reasonable level of assurance that your use of this product in a
residential environment will not result in harmful interference with
other electronic devices. This equipment generates/uses radio
frequencies and, if not installed and used according to the
instructions found in the users manual, may cause interference
harmful to the operation of other electronic devices. Compliance
with FCC regulations does not guarantee that interference will
not occur in all installations. If this product is found to be the
source of interference, which can be determined by turning the
unit “OFF” and “ON”, please try to eliminate the problem by using
one of the following measures:
Relocate either this product or the device that is being affected by
the interference.
Utilize power outlets that are on different branch (circuit breaker or
fuse) circuits or install AC line filter/s.
In the case of radio or TV interference, relocate/reorient the antenna.
if the antenna lead-in is 300 ohm ribbon lead, change the lead-in to
co-axial type cable.
if these corrective measures do not produce satisfactory results,
please contact the local retailer authorized to distribute this type of
product. If you can not locate the appropriate retailer, please contact
Yamaha Corporation of America, Electronic Service Division, 6600
Orangethorpe Ave, Buena Park, CA 90620. |
The above statements apply ONLY to those products distributed by
Yamaha Corporation of America or its subsidiaries.
Wichtiger Hinweis für die Benutzung in der Bundesrepublik
Deutschland.
Bescheinigung des Importeurs
Hiermit wird bescheinigt, daß der/die/das
Porta Sound Typ: PSS-595
(Gerät, Typ, Bezeichnung)
in Übereinstimmung mit den Bestimmungen der
VERFÜGUNG 1046/84
(Amtsblattverfügung)
funk-entstört ist.
Der Deutschen Bundespost wurde das Inverkehrbringen dieses
Gerätes angezeigt und die Berechtigung zur Überprüfung der Serie
auf Einhaltung der Bestimmungen eingeräumt.
Yamaha Europa GmbH a
Name des Importeurs
This applies only to products distributed by YAMAHA Europe GmbH.
Dies bezicht sich nur auf die von der YAMAHA EUROPA GmbH vertriebenen Produkte.
Ceci ne s'applique qu'aux produits distributés Yamaha Europe GmbH.
Esto se aplica solamente a productos distribuidos por Yamaha Europa GmbH.
* * * *
Canada.
CANADA
This digital apparatus does not exceed the “CLASS B” limits for radio
noise emissions from digital apparatus set out in the radio
interference regulation of the Canadian Department of
Communications.
Le present appareil numérique n’émet pas de bruits radioélectriques
depassant les limites applicables aux appareils numériques de la
“CLASS B” prescrites dans le règlement sur le brouillage
radioélectrique édicte par le ministère des communications du
* This applies only to products distributed by Yamaha Corporation of America.
* Dies bezicht sich nur auf die von der YAMAHA CORPORATION OF AMERICA vetriebenen
Produkte.
* Ceci ne s'applique qu'aux produits distributés par Yamaha Corporation of America.
Esto se aplica solamente a productos distribuidos por Yamaha Corporation of America.
* This applies only to products distributed by YAMAHA Canada Music Lid.
* Dies bezicht sich nur auf die von der YAMAHA Canada Music Ltd. vertriebenen Produkte
Ceci ne s'applique qu'aux produits distributés par Yamaha Canada Music Ltd.
Esto se aplica solamente a productos distribuidos por Yamaha Canada Music Ltd.
WARNING: CHEMICAL CONTENT NOTICE!
The solder used in the manufacture of this product contains LEAD. In
addition, the electrical/electronic and/or plastic (where applicable)
components may also contain traces of chemicals found by the
California Health and Welfare Agency (and possibly other entities) to
cause cancer and/or birth defects or other reproductive harm.
DO NOT REMOVE ANY ENCLOSURE COMPONENTS! There are
no user serviceable parts inside. All service should be performed by
a service representative authorized by Yamaha to perform such
service.
IMPORTANT MESSAGE: Yamaha strives to produce products that
are both user safe and environmentally “friendly”. We sincerely
believe that our products meet these goals. However, in keeping with
both the spirit and the letter of various statutes we have included the
messages shown above and others in various locations in this
manual.
Dette apparat overholder det gaeldende EF-direktiv vedrarende
radiostoj.
Cet appareil est conforme aux prescriptions de la directive
communautaire 87/308/CEE.
Diese Geräte entsprechen der EG-Richtlinie 82/499/EWG und/oder
87/308/EWG.
This product complies with the radio frequency interference
requirements of the Council Directive 82/499/EEC and/or 87/308/
EEC.
Questo apparecchio € conforme al D.M.13 aprile 1989 {Direttiva
CEE/87/308) sulla soppressione dei radiodisturbi.
Este producto está de acuerdo con los requisitos sobre
interferencias de radio frequencia fijados por el Consejo Directivo 87/
308/CEE.
YAMAHA CORPORATION
Congratulations !
Features
®
Owner's Manual
Thank you for purchasing YAMAHA PortaSound PSS-595. The PSS-
595 is adopted with a unique synthesis “Advanced Wave Memory (AWM)”
so that you can perform with a wide range of natural to hyper-natural
sound qualities.
Furthermore, the Auto Accompaniment function supports your
performance on the keyboard with various music styles such as rock ‘n’
roll, jazz, latin, funk, and much more. Moreover, you can record and play
back your performance with the Song Memory Function. And other
useful functions are also provided. In order to fully enjoy your lifelong
musical time spent with the PSS-595, please read the instructions in this
Owner's Manual which should provide help and suggestions.
* 100 pre-set AWM Voices and 50 rhythm patterns (50 styles)
included. (sound reproduction: 28 notes at the same time)
* Harmony effect gives harmonized notes to a phrase or passage you
play. 6 Harmony Types are provided.
* Auto Accompaniment function allows you to make an ensemble in
any of 50 styles. A “Style” includes total arrangement for a certain
musical style, which consists of rhythm patterns, chords, obbligati,
formation of instruments and so on. You can easily and automatically
incorporate these techniques into your playing which gives you the
characteristics of the style you choose.
* Song Memory function enables digital recording of Melody and Auto
Accompaniment parts on each individual track as a song. lt is capable
of memorizing up to 3 songs.
* Manual Percussion can be easily carried out whenever you select the
Voice number 76 Percussion which includes 23 percussion sounds.
* The PSS-595 has MIDI connectors so that you can play it together
with other MIDI-equipped devices. “MIDI” is an abbreviation for “Musical
Instrument Digital Interface” and an international standard for electronic
musical instruments. Furthermore the PSS-595 has the Multi-Timbre
mode, which allows you to make an ensemble of Multiple Parts just only
with one unit of the PSS-595.
Table of Contents
Getting Started ……........….........…..…..…ererereenenenensenns 3 Song Memory Section 23
a. Setting up the power supply …….…....…….……..….…….……………e 3 a. 2 Recording Tracks .....................eeeresveevererereecenen—— 23
b. Hook-up terminals for attachments .................-........ 3 b. Basic Recording Procedure .........................e.e—— 24
Quick Reference ..........................eereeeenreereene rene 4 с. How to Recorda Song ..................... rei... 24
d. How to Playback a Song ....................ce.eseeneerneererees 26
Panel Description ..................................e..e.emerieeee er RR ROH 6 e. Clear Function .................. eee —e.ereeeeneenre RRRRER EEE EREE 27
Reference 4f4 .........................enee0000moereninn ene ener nes 27
Voice Section .….….........….........…..…...….…crrcrrerrerreransaneanennenses 8
a. Selecting a Voice …….…....….…...….....……erecereeneseeecccecenees 8 MIDI Section …..….….....…..….........…..…..….....…...….…..ccrsersasrencrenceuness 28
D. TUNING TE 9 a. Whatis MIDI? ..........................eseeceirerrerenernerece nene 28
с. [ransposing.............e. e. —eee=ereerierroriencen reee EDO 9 b. MIDI Terminals and MIDI Cables ........................... 28
d. Voice Effects ….......................…..crrensensersensensens 10 с. MIDI Connections .……..…..….…..…..…..…ercerenennenne 28
a) Reverb .….…..…........…….….…......ceresescrrerceercraransen nee ssenaens 10 а. Types of MIDI Information .........................—...._—.—_— 29
b) Sustain .......................eeeeeineereereeanenne rn ne ee 10 e. Matching MIDI Channels ............................e..e.e.... 29
C) Volume ..................e.eemecrnroncenveneneereeere reee 10 f. Whatis Multi-Timbre? .....................reeremmeneenecen nene 29
a 11 g. How to Operate MID! Functions on PSS-595......... 30
Reference 1 ...........................em men enn 11 a) Receive Channel Selection ......................em...... |
b) Transmit Channel Selection .............................. =
Rhythm Style Section sr 12 п. Transmitted and Received Data on PSS-595 ........ 32
a. Basic Operations …….…....…..….……...rererrenrenenenenn 12 a) Transmitted Data naaa 32
a) Selecting a Rhythm Style ......................—.-......... 12 b) Received Data........................_eeneeecirerrcereerce reee. 33
b) Start % Stop ................ee.ee=eenrereereereereien eee 13 i. Advanced Uses of PSS-595 in MIDI Connection ...35
c) Tempo Control..….......…...…......….…...…..…ereressseencaccense 13
b. Advanced Operations …….….……..………seeraerseneense 13 Chart 1: Correspondence between
a) Synchro Starte 13 MIDI Note Numbers and Percussion Sounds ......... 37
D) Ending .…….….…..….…..….......…ererserserrenrerrenres res rrenrene 14
C) FIINS ................e.—.eeeena rene erre nceano eran cen nee 14 Chart 2: Correspondence between
d) Intro ...................eeeeecenriee encore nene eee 15 MIDE Program Change Numbers
e) Manual Percussion ..................e..._.eeeeneereenme 15 and PortaSound Standard Voices ................ 37
Reference 42 ..........................eeiiezenenceneonner rene eee 15
Troubleshooting ...............ccooiiiiii e 38
Auto Accompaniment Section .............................—.—.—.—.—.. 16
Steps for Auto Accompaniment .......................eeee=eneeves 16 Warning Messages ..….…........…..................…....…..….errercerses 39
a. Fingering of Auto Accompaniment ..............c.......... 17
b. 3 Orchestrations .……..…..…..…..….….….….…cuscasanennennsennances 17 Maintenance essen EEE 40
c. Single Finger MOde ern 18
d. Fingered Mode ............................e...-.. eee о. 19 Specifications ........................-..—.—.....eee eee
e. Detectable Chords....................—.—..e.e-emeenennene ee 19
Reference #3 ….......….…....serieneamentennennnttnnnnnnnnnn 19 Appendix: Bulk Date Format
Chord Table #1 - Single Fingered Chords ................... 20
Chord Table x2 - Fingered Chords ........................... 21 MIDI Implementation Chart ............................ 2... 177
Chord Table #3 - Fingered Chords 22
CAUTION!!
Pay special attention when handling tf the Song Memory. a
The Song Memory data (= Songs you have Recorded) are soc d Jolic te 1 Le ey
shock. Actually, the data v will be lost t partially. Remember this will "08 nitely
UU — AN
Owner's Manual
Getting Started
a. Setting up the power supply
The PSS-595 can be operated using either batteries or a
standard outlet.
a) When you are using batteries
Flip the PSS-595 over and open the battery case. Insert six
batteries (dry cells: 1.5V SUM-2 or R-14) all facing the
same direction as shown. Replace cover.
| | | |
9 © @
* In case batteries’ voltage are low, you hear the sounds distorted. If you
go on using the PortaSound, <bt chn> indication will be shown. In this
case, it's the time to replace all of 6 batteries with new ones.
+
Do not use the batteries of different types other than listed above.
b) When using an electrical outlet
An authorized optional AC adaptor (YAMAHA PA-3, PA-4 or
PA-40) must be used. The adaptor is plugged into the DC
9-12V IN terminal located on the back of the instrument.
* There are different types of AC adaptors, be careful to use only the
models mentioned above.
* If you leave the instrument without any power supply (batteries or
adaptor} for a long period, your record in the Song Memory (explained
later) will be lost, and the PSS-595 will be in the original status when
shipped. But you don’t mind the amount of time for changing batteries —
1 minute at most. This short period will not cause this to occur.
b. Hook-up terminals for
attatchments
To use headphones: Plug the jack of the headphones into
the terminal marked HEADPHONES/AUX. OUT. When the
jack is plugged in, the speakers will no longer play out ,
thereby enabling you to enjoy making music without
disturbing those around you.
To connect to keyboard amplifier or stereo: ( in using a
keyboard or stereo amplifier you will enhance greatly the
overall sound) Plug in an Audio connection cord from the
PSS-595's HEADPHONES/AUX. OUT terminal to the
keyboard or stereo amplifiers LINE IN, AUX IN, etc.
el
* Before inserting plugs in, MAKE SURE the volume controls on the
amplifiers are turned all the way down to prevent damage to the
speakers.
Note: In both cases of attatchments (headphones and
amplifiers), the Master Volume control located on the PSS-
595 can be used in controlling levels of volume.
Quick Reference
Here the basic PSS-595 operations are outlined for easy
reference. To get you started right away follow the
instructions marked with a star (*) and you can make music
instantly.
*Sound Set-Up
Step 1: Turn the power switch to the ON position.
Step 2: Slide the MASTER VOLUME control half way up.
As you press the keys the tones will be Piano Sound Voice
number 00.
POWER MASTER VOL
*Selection of Voices
Step 1: Press the VOICE button.
Step 2: You may select one of 100 different Voices by
pressing the buttons marked <0> thru <9> located to
the left of the VOICE button. For example, if you wanted
to select Voice number 35 - Trombone, you enter the
number <3>, then the number <5>.
Step 3: You may move up or down a single digit from
the number entered by pressing the <+> or <-> buttons
once. For example by pressing the <-> button once after
entering Voice number 35, you will change to Voice number
34 - Mute Trumpet Echo.
The Voice List located on the Control Panel indicates which
Voice corresponds to number's 00 thru 99.
- + 0 STYLE
JUDO
DOOD
à 5 6
000
OO
* In selecting a Voice number, you must enter a two digit figure, for
example Voice number 02 would be selected by first pressing the
number <0>, then the number <2>.
Displays
2 displays located on the front panel of the PSS-595 will
allow you to read the current status or parameter at a
glance.
STYLEVOICE MULTI DISPLAY
о НЫ
Е, Ci, Е, Ci, Е
[sve Lore AUTO ACCOMP. BEAT
Voice Effects
By controlling these effects well, you can achieve a variety
of colors and moods in your music making. Also you can
establish each of the Voice Effects levels individually.
Note: For further details see page 10.
Auto Accompaniment
This function is provided for you to easily carry out various
Orchestrations all by yourself. There are two kinds of
modes for fingering the chords. First is the “Single Finger”
mode which provides Auto Accompaniment by easy
fingerings. Secondly, you can select the “Fingered” mode
which is suited for songs containing more complicated
chords. By combining and balancing these Fingering
modes with the Orchestration, you will be able to produce
more sophisticated and pleasurable music.
Note: For further details see page 16.
AUTO ACCOMPANIMENT
FINGERING ORCHESTRATION
O O O O Oo
SINGLE FIN-
FINGER GERED 'NTRO LARGE BRIDGE
ООО
*Rhythm Accompaniment
Step 1: Push the STYLE button of the STYLE/VOICE
section.
Step 2: Select one of the 50 Rhythm Styles listed on the
control panel, and enter it's 2 digit number using the same
buttons <0> thru <9> used in selecting a Voice, also by
pressing the <+> or <—> buttons to select a Style of a
higher or lower number.
Step 3: To start the rhythm, push the START/STOP
button of the Accompaniment Control. When you push
the FILL TO NORMAL, or FILL TO BRIDGE buttons, yous
can have Fill-Ins that correspond to the Style you are usif.
To stop the rhythm, push the START/STOP button again.
Note: for instructions on the SYNCHRO START/ENDING
button, and controlling tempos refer to page 12.
DOOD
Hoe
cod
0
STARTSTOP FILL TO NORMAL FILL TO BRIDGE SYNCHRO START/ENDING
( } ) J ( )
Song Memory
By using the Song Memory function you can easily record
and play back melodies, chords, and rhythm. But best of
all, there are 2 separate recording tracks (: MELODY and
CHORD) for each song. And, you can memorize up to 3
original songs as you wish.
Note: For further details see page 23.
SONG MEMORY
off
АМД
ADVANCED WAYE MEMORY
3
DEMO
START/STOP
MIDI
By using a MIDI hook-up to another synthesizer (or MIDI
equipment), you can operate the PSS-595 as a master
keyboard to play the other synthesizer. Also you can hook-
up to a sequencer or drum machine that will act as a
master, and control the PSS-595.
Note: For further details see page 28.
MIDI
1-16 1-16/C/0 e es
KEYBOARD RECEIVE CH
TRANSMIT CH /CLOCK/BOOST
A
MEMORY
BULK DUMP
ON;
0 a
* By pressing these buttons you can select a variety of MIDI modes.
*Manual Percussion
When select the Voice number 76 PERCUSSION in the
same methods as described in “Selection of Voices”, you
can play a percussion instrument illustrated above each
key. 23 percussion sounds are provided.
Note: For further details see page 15.
— id... Ll... E. Во IL... DD. DL
ON
*Demonstration
The PSS-595 comes with a Fusion song to demonstrate it's
capabilities. To hear this exampie, press the DEMO
START/STOP button anytime. The demonstration will keep
repeating over and over until you stop it. To stop the
demonstration, press the DEMO START/STOP button once
again. The demonstration has been pre-assigned a tempo
and style accordingly. You can play along with the
demonstration on the keyboard, adjusting the Voice and
Tempo as you like. During playing the demonstration,
Voice selection and Voice Effects are also available.
However, these will be reflected on only the notes you play
on the keyboard.
DEMO
START/STOP
* The “Demo Tune” of this keyboard is strictly for demonstration
purposes and cannot be reproduced.
Panel Description
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ESS SIT , Ne ¿ 5 Cu be y te o
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STYLE "CHE №. ВЕАТ PORE TUM) ACLOCHABODST
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SYNCHRO START/ENDIG
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oo) OQ) do С 0) Ed
Q Power switch
Turns PSS-595 on and off.
@ MASTER VOLUME control
Adjusts output of built-in speakers or HEADPHONES/AUX. OUT
Terminal.
© MULTI DISPLAY
Shows the value of Voice Effects, Overall Controls and MIDI parameters,
or a song number selected.
© Increment/Decrement buttons (+/-)
Set the Value of Voice Effects, Overall Controls and MIDI parameters.
<< For Style/Voice selection >>
@ STYLE/VOICE display and LEDs
Shows the Style or Voice number currently selected with the
corresponding LED lit up.
@ STYLE button
Before you select a STYLE, press this button.
@ VOICE button
Before you select a VOICE, press this button.
6
@ Numericr buttons (0 thru 9, +/—)
Specify a Style or Voice number in 2 digits as shown in each list printed
on the front panel.
<< For Voice Effects control >>
© VOICE EFFECT LEDs
Indicates which Voice Effect -
Q VOICE EFFECT Select buttons
When setting a Voice Effect, first press the corresponding button and
ensure the Voice Effect LED is lit up. Then set it with Increment/
Decre
ment buttons.
® HARMONY Effect ON/OFF button
Allows for switching this effect ON/OFF in realtime.
<< For Overall control >>
O OVERALL CONTROL LEDs
Displays the current status of Overall control settings.
® OVERALL CONTROL Select buttons
Sets the Value for Tempo/Transpose/Tuning when each corresponding
button is pressed.
Harmony/Volume/Sustain/Reverb is
available. Current Value of the effect is shown in Multi Display.
— gy
o Cy nde TT — Da A) — de Tr A A
— — al — «= tn “1 4h _
Owner s Manual
<< For MIDI control >> @ MIDI IN Terminal
Terminal for PSS-595 to receive MIDI information.
® MIDI LEDs
Indicates whether you are in KEYBOARD TRANSMIT CHannel or @ MIDI OUT Terminal
RECEIVE CHannel/CLOCK/velocity BOOST, while the Multi Display Terminal for PSS-595 to generate MIDI information.
indicates what Value is set.
@ MIDI Select buttons
To set KEYBOARD TRANSMIT CHannel or RECEIVE CHannel/CLOCK/
velocity BOOST or into Bulk Dump mode, press the corresponding
button.
<< For Auto Accompianment >>
® FINGERING buttons
To select Single Finger/Fingered mode of Auto Accompaniment.
RCHESTRATION buttons
M select the instrumentation or variations of Auto Accompaniment.
( Keys tor Auto Accompianment
These are the keys you push when using the Auto Accompaniment
function.
<< For Accompaniment Control >>
O START/STOP button
Activates or disactivates the Auto Accompaniment or Rhythm.
@ FILL TO NORMAL button
This provides a fill-in which then continues to play the normal
accompaniment pattern.
OQ FILL TO BRIDGE button
This provides a fill-in which then continues to play the accompaniment
pattern used in the Bridge section of a song.
@& SYNCHRO START/ENDING button
Aliows you to start the Auto Accompaniment and Rhythm simultaneously
by pressing one of the Auto Acconpaniment keys. Also provides an
ending pattern for when you want to finish a song.
For Song Memory >>
9... Number button
Press this button when you select a Song number.
@ PLAY/STOP button
Press this button when you start or stop recording or reproduction of a
song already recorded.
@ MELODY REC button
Press this button when recording a melody or passage played by the right
hand. |
® CHORD REC button ‚
Press this button when recording an Auto Accompaniment led by the left
hand.
@ DEMO (Demonstration) START/ STOP button
To start or stop the demonstration song.
<< Accessory Terminals >>
@ DC 9-12V IN Terminal (for AC adaptor )
Terminal for connecting an optional adaptor (: YAMAHA PA-3, PA-4, PA-
40} for electrical power supply from AC outlet.
© HEADPHONES/AUX. OUT Terminal
Terminal for connecting headphones, keyboard amplifier, stereo amplifier,
etc.
Voice Section
a. Selecting a Voice
There are 100 different pre-set voices to choose from,
providing a wide variety of sounds to accomodate many
types of song styles.
Step 1: Turn the POWER ON.
POWER MASTER VOL
Turn the POWER switch to ON, and slide the MASTER
VOLUME control up.
Step 2: Press the VOICE button.
Press the VOICE button of STYLE/VOICE select.
The Voice LED in the STYLE/VOICE display will light up.
The number displayed indicates the Voice number. For
now do the Voice selection.
A
CILA,
STYLE (ок
STYLE
Step 3: Select a Voice.
Consult the Voice List on the Control Panel and enter the 2
digit number using the Numeric buttons <0> thru <9> of the
STYLE/VOICE select. For example, if you want
ELECTRIC PIANO 1, which is Voice number 01, you first
press <0>, then <1>. You can increase or decrease the
number selected by the <+>/<—> buttons, so if you wanted
to change the Voice to ELECTRIC PIANO 2, which is
Voice number 02, you can just press the <+> button once.
STYLE/VOICE = > D STYLEVOICE
ri =
GA > don > UE
CO. Ш
= оС = ©. 5 «с
С г С т ел
Note: To press and hold the <+> / <-> buttons you will 6 4
increase or decrease the number at an accelerated rate.
Step 4: Now when you press the keys of the keyboard,
you will hear the Voice selected in Step 3. If you wish to
change your Voice selection, just repeat Steps 2 & 3.
(Unless you have been pressed the STYLE button, skip
Step 2.)
* The PSS-595 allows you to play up to 28 notes simultaneously. (But —
this number does vary depending on the mode ot Auto
Accompaniment, Orchestration, Voice, or playback status of Song
Memory. )
If there is a shortage of notes that can be sounded at a time, the
following indication will be shown until the total amount of notes is
reduced under 28:
STYLEVOICE MULTI DISPLAY
UD (Ore
LIE, COLE
Lsme Lyon AUTO ACCOMP. BEAT
A A 'S > "TI (A
= ya OO OR ef, =m)
b. Tuning
When you play along with another instrument, CD, tape or
record, etc., it often happens that the tunings are slightly
different. With the PSS-595 you don’t have to worry about
this. There is a Tuning function built in to this model that
can adjust the pitch, allowing you to play in tune with other
musical instuments, or musical sources.
Step 1: Press the TUNING button.
Press the TUNING button located in the OVERALL
CONTROL select. The LED will light up, and the MULTI
DISPLAY shows the current Tuning Value. The initial value
displayed has been assigned as <0> which is A3=440Hz.
OVERALL CONTROL
9 40-240 12-12 -16r]6
O O e
TRANS. .”'”
TEMPO POSE TUNING
О, & 4
Step 2: Adjustment of Tuning:
Press the Increment/Decrement buttons located under the
MULTI DISPLAY to raise or lower the pitch. You can raise
or lower the pitch by about 3.13 cents. And with the value
<+/—16>, It will be higher or lower than the standard pitch
<0> by 50 cents (a quarter tone).
MULTI DISPLAY MULTI DISPLAY
DA FIA
° COL Toad
[Г
c. Transposing
This is a very useful function that allows you to change the
key of the music youre playing, without changing the
fingering at all. The notes you play can be heard as any
pitch you select. This is especially useful for playing with
other instruments, and Vocal accompaniment. You can
easily change keys to match other musical sources, but still
play the notes of your accustomed key. Also, you can
extend the range of the lowest or highest notes on your
Keyboard.
Owner's Manual
Step 1: Press the TRANSPOSE button.
When you press the TRANSPOSE button located in the
OVERALL CONTROL select, the LED lights up, and the
MULT! DISPLAY shows the current parameter value
transposed. The initial value is pre-assigned as <0>.
QVERALL CONTROL
40-240 -lZrJ2 -16-16
O 8 ©
TRANS-
TEMPO POSE TUNING
Ó & Ó
Step 2: Adjusting the Transposition:.
Press the Increment/Decrement buttons located under the
MULTI DISPLAY, to raise or lower the key. You can raise
or lower the key by 100 cents. And with the value <+/—12>,
It will be higher or lower than the standard key <0> by 1200
cents (one octave). For example if you change the
parameter value to <3>, and play a song on the keyboard
in the key of “C”, the notes you actually hear, will be
transposed to the key of “E; (E flat)”.
MULTI CISPLAY MULTI DISPLAY
10 04 00 2
ET EMI ED EME,
AUTO ACCOMP. BEAT AUTO ACCOMP. BEAT
CE
Both the Tuning and Transpose functions work simultaneously in all
possible Voices. (except Rhythm sounds, for which the Tuning is
available.)
Both the Tuning and Transpose functions will return instantly to <0> by
pressing the <+> and <— buttons BOTH at the same time.
By pressing and holding down the <+> or <-> buttons, you will
Increase or decrease the Value at an accelerated rate.
After setting up the Tuning or Transposition functions, the levels will be
memorized until you shut off the POWER.
Both the Tuning and Transposing will also affect the notes sounded by
the MIDI Note On message from the external Master device. However,
they will not affect the MIDI Note On message itself.
If you change the Transpose value while any key is pressed down, the
note currently reproduced will be held in the same key (pitch), but not
transposed. Once releasing the key and repress it, at this time, the
note will be reproduced in the transposed key (pitch).
Transposition affects only the sound reproduction, so that MIDI Note
On message transmitted will be still the same as without Transposition.
d. Voice Effects
The PSS-595 has a variety of Voice Effects to choose from,
such as REVERB/SUSTAIN etc., that with a little practice
and wise selection, can be effective to make your
performance more sophisticated.
a) Reverb
This effect adds Reverberation to your sounds. It gives
width and depth to your music that almost gives the
impression of being in a concert hall. The PSS-595 Reverb
Effect has a range of values that can be assigned within the
range between <0> to <3>.
Step 1: Press the REVERB button.
When you press the REVERB button located in the VOICE
EFFECT select, the LED lights up, and the MULTI DISPLAY
shows the current Reverb Effect value.
* The initial value for Reverb Effect is <O>. If the MULTI DISPLAY shows
<— — —>, this means the Reverb effect has been pre-fixed.
VOICE EFFECT
TYPE1-8 0-24 0-1 2+3
© O О -8-
HARMONY VOLUME SUSTAIN AEVERB
ZA A EA
Step 2: Adjusting the value of Reverb Effect:
You can adjust the value of the Reverb Effect by using the
Increment/Decrement buttons located under the MULT!
DISPLAY. <0> means the Reverb Effect is Off, <1> is
weak, and thru <3> is strong.
* Reverberation given by the Reverb Effect is heard to vary, even when
you set the same value to several Voices. It depends on the Voice you
select.
990
HE,
ID
0-3
b) Sustain
This Effect adjusts the Release time of the Voice after
releasing the pressed key(s) and enrich the sound for you
to play with in a warm mood. The value is assigned either
<0>: Off, or <1>: On. It will be applied in common to all
possible Voices.
10
Step 1: Press the SUSTAIN button.
When you press the SUSTAIN button located in the VOICE
EFFECT select, the LED lights up, and the MULTI
DISPLAY shows the current Sustain Effect value.
A -—< (0
* The initial value for Sustain Effect is <0>. If the MULTI DISPLAY
shows <— — —>, this means the Sustain effect has been pre-fixed.
*
VOICE EFFECT
TYPE1-6 0-24 @1, 0-3
O Q № C
HARMONY VOLUME SUSTAIN REVERB
AMA
ON/
OFF
Step 2: Adjusting the value of Sustain Effect: ¢ ‹
You can adjust the value of the Sustain Effect by using the
Increment/Decrement buttons located under the MULTI
DISPLAY. <0> means the Sustain Effect is Off, <1> is On.
MULTI DISPLAY
79980
ВИЗЫ,
AUTO ACCOMP. BEAT
AD
0-1
=D TOóoO-=xm
> Zn
Г]
—
c) Volume
This function allows you to adjust only the Volume of
Voices you play with, to contrast them with Rhythm or
Accompaniment sounds. The Volume levels <0> to <24> €
apply to all Voice selections. s a
Step 1: Press the VOLUME button.
When you press the VOLUME button located in the VOICE
EFFECT select, the LED lights up, and the MULTI
DISPLAY shows the current VOLUME value. The initial
value is pre-assigned as <21>.
VOICE EFFECT
== AN РО
TYPE1-8 Qv24 0-1 6-3
о e ©
HARMONY VOLUME SUSTAIN AEVERB
& À À
Step 2: Adjusting the value of VOLUME:
You can adjust the Value of the VOLUME by using the
Increment/Decrement buttons located under the MULTI
DISPLAY.
<0> VOLUME is Minimum and <24> is Maximum.
" After setting any Volume value, If you activate and use the Vector
Synthesizer, and turn it off by VECTOR SYNTH ON/OFF button, the
assigned Volume value will return to the initial value <21>.
Y
ЕЕ
IL
0-24
d) Harmony
9. function allows you to produce chordal type sounds.
When you use the Harmony Effect, you can achieve an
image of more than one person playing while just utilizing
one finger. The PSS-595 provides 6 different types of
Harmony Effects. These Harmony sounds will
automatically be selected according to the chord. That's
why this Harmony Effect is so useful when you play along
with in the Auto Accompaniment.
Step 1: Press the HARMONY button.
When you press the HARMONY button located in the
VOICE EFFECT select, the LED lights up, and the MULTI
DISPLAY shows the current HARMONY Type value. The
initial value is pre-assigned as <1> Duet.
VOICE EFFECT
O
HARMONY VOLUME SUSTAIN REVERB
ТУРЕ)-6 0-24 0-1 0-3
79; O O
9 ANA
ON/
OFF
Step 2: Selecting the Type of Harmony:
Consult the HARMONY TYPE List on the Control Panel
and enter the number of your selection using the Increment/
Decrement buttons located under the MULTI DISPLAY.
O"
ИЕ,
LI 7
AUTO _ ACCOMP. BEAT
AOD
1-6
Owner's Manual
The 6 different types of Harmony Effects are shown below:
Harmony Types
1. Duet Adds Harmony that sounds like two people
are playing.
2. Trio Adds Harmony that sounds like three people
are playing.
3. Block Adds Harmony that sounds like Jazz type
chording.
4. Country | Adds Harmony that sounds like Country
Music style.
5. Octave | Plays additional notes in Octaves.
6. Strum | Adds Harmony as given by playing the each
chord tone in order.
" The Harmony Type you assign will be memorized until you shut off the
POWER. Next time when you turn the PSS-595, <1> Duet will be
selected automatically.
Step 3: Press the HARMONY ON/OFF button.
When you press the HARMONY ON/OFF button, the LED
lights up, and you will be set up to play in the currently
selected Harmony Type.
VOICE EFFECT
TYPEJ-8 0-24 0-1 0-3
e o o O
HARMONY VOLUME SUSTAIN REVERB
À À à
When the Harmony ON/OFF button is turned ON, you can play only
one note at a time (If you press more than one note at a time, the
highest note, only is given priority and played).
The Harmony function works very effectively when you are using Auto
Accompaniment. For you can have the Harmonized tones in accord
with the Chord Progression.
The Harmony Effect is aiso applied to a note sounded by an external
MIDI Note On message.
<< Reference #1 >>
>> When you use certain Voice Effects in
combination, it will help you give much more excellent
expression. For example, PIPE ORGAN sound with
Sustain and Reverb Effects will remind you of a cathedral in
solemnity. Or, as a typical setting, STRINGS with Sustain
and Reverb Effects can give you reality and ambience in a
concert hall.
>> To utilize Harmony Effect with Sustain and/or
Reverb Effect(s), a solo instrument will be a duo, trio, and
even more so easily. If this is applied to a simple
ELECTRIC PIANO, you will find its transfiguration and
possibilities.
11
Rhythm Style Section
The PSS-595 has 50 kinds of realistic pre-set Rhythm
Styles. Each Rhythm Style has a variety of patterns such
as Normal, Bridge, Intro., Ending, and two kinds of Fill-in
patterns. So you have a storehouse of Styles and patterns
to work with in varying your playing. Plus, the PSS-595
provides 23 kinds of percussion sounds, which you can
play along with a selected Rhythm Style on the keyboard, in
a flexible way that fits to the mood you wish to create.
If you utilize the Song Memory function (explained in the
Song Memory Section) it's possible to memorize the
original Rhythm. We hope you enjoy the many options
available for a variety of Rhythm Styles.
The following diagram shows the various patterns which
one Rhythm Style contains, you can use it for reference as
you learn more about each Style selection.
a One Rhythm Style ``
Introduction pattern
{When starting Rhythm play with
INTRO LED on)
Normal pattern Bridge pattern
(With BRIDGE LED off) (With BRIDGE LED on)
Fill-in pattern 1 Fill-in pattern 2
(Fill-in leading Normal pattern) (Fill-in leading Bridge pattern)
o — — = —_—
n
"Ending patter
(During Rhythm play with SYNCHRO
START/ENDING button pressed)
N —
Every pattern is provided for you to construct a song as you
wish. That is, each pattern is taken as a section of a song,
so that you have various combination possibilities.
Following are typical examples for song construction:
Ex.1
Introduction = Normal — Fill-in 2 + Bridge + Ending
BRIDGE oft INTRO FILL TO BRIDGE SYNCHRO START/ENDING
Ex.2
Introduction — Bridge — Fill-in 1 — Normal > Ending
BRIDGE on INTRO FILL TO NORMAL SYNCHRO START/ENDING
Ex.3
Normal — Bridge — Fill-in 1 — Normal — Bridge
BRIDGE off FILL TO NORMAL FILL TO BRIDGE
Ex.4
Bridge — Fill-in 1— Normal — Fill-in 2 — Bridge — Ending
BRIDGE on FILL TO NORMAL FILL TO BRIDGE SYNCHRO START/ENDING
You can easily order the patterns to press each
corresponding button. Now, you learn about the operations
of the Rhythm Style.
12
a. Basic Operations
a) Selecting a Rhythm Style
Step 1: Press the STYLE button.
Press the STYLE button of STYLE/VOICE select.
The Style LED in the STYLE/VOICE display will light up.
The Number displayed indicates the Style number. For now
do the Style selection.
STYLE/VOICE
Faria
“ma”?
Lome $
Step 2: Select a Rhythm Style.
Consult the Style List on the Control Panel and enter the 2
digit number using the Numeric buttons of the STYLE/
VOICE select. For example, if you want ROCK, which is
Style number 06, you first press <0>, then <6>. You can
increase or decrease the Number selected by using the
<+>/<—> buttons.
DO
* To press and hold the <+>/<—> buttons you will increase or decrease
the number at an accelerated rate.
Step 3: Assigning NORMAL/BRIDGE:
Decide which you want, NORMAL pattern or BRIDGE
pattern, of the selected Rhythm Style.
* Normal pattern offers a basic pattern of the Style (including its Auto
Accompaniment). And Bridge pattern offers additional sounds or little
complicated pattern. Actually, you can take Normal pattern is pre-made
intended to fit the introduction of a Song. Oppositely, a Bridge pattern
is pre-made to fit the most interesting part of a song, in other words a
climax.
How you assign NORMAL/BRIDGE: Press the BRIDGE
button located in the Orchestration. The BRIDGE LED
lights up and indicates the BRIDGE pattern has been
assigned. Oppositely, when this LED is not lit, assigned is
the NORMAL pattern.
* When powering up, the NORMAL pattern is assigned.
AUTO ACCOMPANIMENT
FINGERING ORCHESTRATION
о 0 о oO e
SINGLE FIN-
FINGER GERED INTRO LARGE BRIDGE
OU
b) Start & Stop
Step 1: Starting the Rhythm:
Start the Rhythm by pressing the START/STOP button
located in the ACCOMPANIMENT CONTROL. If you press
the button the Rhythm pattern which you selected (in
“Selecting a Rhythm Style” procedure) will sound.
ACCOMPANIMENT CONTROL
FILL TO NORMAL FILL TO BRIDGE SYNCHRO START/ENDING
С J } J
START/STOP
While playing the Rhythm pattern, if you select another
Rhythm Style, the Rhythm will change automatically at the
beginning of the next bar. You can also change NORMAL
pattern to BRIDGE pattern, or vice versa. It will be changed
over at the beginning of the next bar. You can change
NORMAL/BRIDGE pattern any time.
Step 2: Stopping the Rhythm:
Stop the Rhythm by pressing the START/STOP button, a
second time.
While the Rhythm Pattern is playing, 3 dots will flash on
and off in time, in the MULTI DISPLAY.
e
BAR | 4 7
1 2 3 4
BEAT , , | J
DISPLAY
> Dec e Seo o о ec o o o Set
* This diagram represents 4/4 Meter, if you are in another meter it
displays differently.
* How to construct the Rhythm pattern, depends on the Rhythm Style,
sometimes the patterns are in 2 bar units, or in 4 bar units, or 8 bar
units, etc..
Owner's Manual
Tempos of the Rhythm have been pre-assigned different
values according to the Rhythm Style, but you can adjust
the Tempo easily even after starting the Rhythm or
stopping by the following procedure. Here's how to change
the Tempos to your liking:
c) Tempo Control
Step 1: Press the TEMPO button.
When you press the TEMPO button located in the
OVERALL CONTROL select, the LED lights up, and the
MULTI DISPLAY indicates the current Tempo value.
OVERALL CONTROL
40240 -12-12 -18-16
Se: O O
TRANS
TEMPO pose TUNING
Step 2: Adjusting the Tempo:
You adjust the Tempo by pressing the Increment/
Decrement buttons located under the MULTI DISPLAY.
The range of Tempo rates which you can adjust is from one
quarter note = 40 to 240. Also, when the increment/
Decrement buttons are both pressed simultaneously, the
value of the Tempo automatically returns to the pre-
assigned value of the current Rhythm Style selected.
*
The Tempo you changed has been memorized until you Stop, and then
change the Rhythm.
When you Stop and change the Rhythm, Tempo will automatically
become the pre-assigned value for the Rhythm Style selected.
* While Rhythm is playing and you change to another Rhythm, only the
Rhythm Style will change not the Tempo.
b. Advanced Operations
a) Synchro Start
If you press the SYNCRO START/ENDING button
beforehand, you can start the Rhythm exactly
simultaneously when you start playing on the keyboard.
Step 1: Select the Rhythm Style.
Step 2: Press the SYNCHRO START/ENDING button.
When you press the SYNCHRO START/ENDING button,
13
located in the ACCOMPANIMENT CONTROL, 3 dots in the
MULT! DISPLAY flash all together in time. This is
SYNCHRO START Stand By position.
ACCOMPANIMENT CONTROL
START/STOP FILL TO NORMAL FILL TC BRIDGE
( IC ) ( J
1
1
LLL
E
E old
AUTO ACCOMP. BEAT
* lf you want to cancel the SYNCHRO START Stand By position, press
the SYNCHRO START/ENDING button again.
Step 3: Start the Rhythm. |
The Rhythm will Start the minute when you press any key
on the keyboard as long as the Auto Accompaniment is
OFF (with the SINGLE FINGER or FINGERED LED off).
Also, when the Auto Acompaniment is ON (with the
SINGLE FINGER or FINGERED LED on), you can start the
Rhythm the minute when you press the keys of the
Accompaniment section of the keyboard (from F#2 and
below).
* To select the Fingering (by pressing SINGLE FINGER or FINGERED
button), it means to activate the Auto Accompaniment. {See “Auto
Accompaniment Section”.}
b) Ending
When you press the SYNCHRO START/ENDING button,
while the Rhythm is running, the pre-set ENDING phrase
which suits the current Rhythm Style, will start from the
beginning of the next bar. And then the Rhythm will stop
automatically.
While the ENDING phrase is being played, the Left dot in
the MULTI DISPLAY will flash.
ACCOMPANIMENT CONTROL
START/STOP FILL TO NORMAL FILL TO BRIDGE
С ) ( ) )
1
MULTI DISPLAY
For
a E Ci
AUTO ACCOMP. BEAT
* The length of the ENDING phrase, varies depending on the Rhythm
Style.
* If you change the Style number while the ENDING is being played, the
ENDING pattern does NOT change.
14
c) Fill-Ins
You can insert Fill-Ins while playing the Rhythm pattern.
When you press the FILL TO NORMAL button, Fill-In
pattern which fits to the current rhythm style will be played
until the end of the bar, and then continues to play the
NORMAL pattern from the beginning of the next bar. When
you press FILL TO BRIDGE button, a different Fill-In
pattern will be played until the end of the bar, and then
switched to the BRIDGE pattern at the beginning of the
next bar. Each Rhythm Style has 2 Fill-in patterns, and
depending on which button you press, the following rhythm
will be defined as either NORMAL pattern or BRIDGE
pattern.
ACCOMPANIMENT CONTROL
STARTS TOP FILL TO NORMAL FILL TO BRIDGE SYNCHRO START/ENDING
FILL TO
FILL TO
NORMAL button BRIDGE button
leads a Fill-In leads a Fill-In
followed by a followed by a
Normal pattern. Bridge pattern.
* When you press the either of the Fill-in buttons and hold it down, the
Fill-in pattern will be repeated for the duration it is held down.
* Both buttons will function while playing Intro. or Ending.
CE
d) Intro
When you set up the Intro. function, you can automatically
start off the Rhythm with an Intro. which matches the
currently selected Rhythm Style. You can easily set up the
Intro. anytime by pressing the INTRO ON/OFF button
located in the ORCHESTRATION select. When the INTRO
ON/OFF button has been pressed, the LED lights up and
the Intro. function is ready. But if the LED is not lit up, the
Intro. function doesn't work. After the intro. is set up, the
Ahythm will start off with an Intro. when you press the
START/STOP button. While the Intro. is being played, the
Left dot in the MULTI DISPLAY will flash. Also, you can use
this function with SYNCHRO START.
AUTO ACCOMPANIMENT
FINGERING ORCHESTRATION
о. © @ © e
SINGLE — FIN-
FINGER GERED INTRO LARGE BRIDGE
9 JD
START
1
FIT
LEA
AUTO ACCOMP. BEAT
* The length of the Intro. varies depending on each Rhythm Style.
“ When you press the INTRO button while the Rhythm is being played,
the Intro. will not be played, (unlike when changing Rhythm Style or
NORMAL/BRIDGE patterns), but the Intro. function will be set up and
ready.
y "anual Percussion
Different from the other Voices provided, the Voice number
76 PERCUSSIONS allows you to play various sounds of
percussion at a time. To carry this out, you only select the
Voice number 76 in normal way of Voice selection. Now
you have 23 percussion sounds assigned to the keys.
Each percussion sound assigned is illustrated above the
corresponding key. Try a percussion play to a Rhythm
running.
Each instrument is illustrated as follows:
Owner's Manual
It seems difficult to control the Rhythm functions of the
PSS-595, where even one style has many kind of Patterns,
so we have provided a few hints.
<< Reference #2>>
>> You can start the Rhythm with an Intro.
right away by: (a) selecting a Rhythm Style, (b) pressing
the INTRO ON/OFF button, and (c) pressing the
SYNCHRO START/STOP button. Now you are in
SYNCHRO START Stand By position. As soon as you play
with the touch of your first key, the Rhythm with an Intro.
will start.
>> If you press the BRIDGE or FILL TO
NORMAL button while the Normal pattern is running,
you can play in another mood switching to the Bridge
pattern. If you need more variation, simply select another
Rhythm Style without stopping the rhythm running. And
you may go into entirely different mood at the same Tempo.
>> During playing a Rhythm, you can simulate a
Drum Solo by selecting the Voice number 76
PERCUSSIONS and pressing any keys assigned
percussion sounds.
>> You can top off your performance with
flair, by making use of the provided Endings when you
press the SYNCHRO START/ENDING button.
* Even pressing the keys assigned no sounds, you cannot make any
sound reproduction.
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15
E E
Auto A ссотрапит ent Section °
TI
y
A
th
When you make use of this very effective function, you will be sounding like a Professional in no time at all.
This Auto Accompaniment function is closely related to the Rhythm Style, because it functions in combination with (a) the
arranging which fits to each Rhythm Style, or corresponding Intro. & Ending, and (b) accompaniment sound which fits to the
chord work by FINGERING (SINGLE FINGER or FINGERED). So, as was explained in the Rhythm Style Section, regarding
the Rhythm functions, you can control Auto Accompaniment in almost the same way. Let's take a look at the Basic steps
involved, so you can have an overview of the whole function of Auto Accompaniment:
Steps for Auto Accompaniment
+ Selection of the Fingering (*)
- SINGLE FINGER or FINGERED 6 . a
Y
+ Selection of the Rhythm Style
(For Rhythm and Auto Accompaniment by Left Hand)
+ Selection of the Voice
(For Melody played by Right Hand)
\
Assigning the Orchestration |
- BRIDGE on: Bridge pattern
- BRIDGE off: Normal pattern
- INTRO on: To Start with Introduction
- LARGE on: Large ensemble(”)
- LARGE off: Small ensemble (*)
Y
Starting the Rhythm
+ Immediate Start by START/STOP
- Start by key pressing
(any key in Auto Accompaniment section: C1-F#2)
y
During Rhythm Play
- Auto Accompaniment led by Chord work of Left Hand
(Chords formed by SINGLE FINGER or FINGERED)
+ Possible Assignment Change
- Tempo change
- Selection of Normal/Bridge (manually or by 2 Fill-In patterns)
- Selection of the Voice
- Selection of the Rhythm Style
- Assignment of LARGE (on/off)
J
Stopping the Rhythm
*+ Immediate Stop by START/STOP
- Stop after Ending pattern
Note: Operations marked with (*) have not been discussed
in the Rhythm Style Section.
Note: Normal, Bridge, Introduction and Ending will be
affected with Assignment of LARGE (on/off).
16
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o. pes = Pew | AF
Owner's Manual
a. Fingering of Auto Accompaniment
There are 2 kinds of Fingering methods provided for Auto Accompaniment. One is SINGLE FINGER method, which allows
you to have Auto Accompaniment by easy fingering, the other is FINGERED method which you play chords as usual. Auto
Accompaniment will be carried out by your chord work in either Fingering, within the Auto Accompaniment Key Section: C1
thru F#2.
—< Fingering Selection >
When FINGERED method
is selected
FINGERING
SINGLE FIN-
FINGER GERED
When SINGLE FINGERED
method is selected FINGERING
E ©
SINGLE —FIN-
FINGER GERED
9 * F#2 and below is the Auto Accompaniment key section, so when you select a Voice you will not be able to hear that Voice sounded on Keys
C1 thru Fae.
When the Fingering is NOT selected, (Normal keyboard: C1 thru Cs)
FINGERING
O O
SINGLE — FIN-
FINGER GERED
b. 3 Orchestrations
Another important function to consider when you're using
Auto Accompaniment is Orchestration. There are 3 buttons
which are: INTRO, LARGE, and BRIDGE located in the
Orchestration select. Depending on how you assign these
Orchestrations in combining one another, you can produce
many styles of arrangements.
INTRO button:
When you press the INTRO button, the LED will light up,
and you are set up for Intro. (Same as in Rhythm Style
Section). Now, after selecting either SINGLE FINGER or
FINGERED mode to start the Auto Accompaniment, it will
play an Intro. controlled by the chords you play with your
left hand, and in the Style which is currently selected.
>> LARGE button:
This button controls whether the Auto Acommpaniment will
be played with a Small ensemble or a Large ensemble (of
Instrumentation). When you press the Large button and the
LED lights up, you will have the Large ensemble Effect, and
when the LED is not lit up, you have the Small ensemble
Effect.
* When the Fingering is not selectd, you will be able to play on the whole keyboard in any Voice you select.
Auto Accompaniment Key Section
(C1 thru Faz)
| |
>> BRIDGE button:
When you press the BRIDGE button, the LED will light up
and you will be in the BRIDGE pattern set-up (same as in
the Rhythm Style Section) when the LED is not lit up it will
be in NORMAL pattern set-up. The Auto Accompaniment
will play in either case assigned, the arranging which fits to
each Pattern. Also, depending on the status of the Large/
Small ensemble selected using the LARGE button, the
arranging will vary accordingly.
You can play with various patterns combining these 3
Orchestrations’ activation and inactivation.
* INTRO inactivation simply means Starting the Rhythm without Intro.
This inactivation simply means Starting the Rhythm without Intro. This
has no concern with LARGE active or inactive.
* You can assign the Orchestration buttons at any time. The initial pre-
set settings are: INTRO/Off, LARGE/On, BRIDGE/Off (NORMAL).
17
c. Single Finger Mode
This Fingering method allows you to have Auto
Accompaniment easily, without playing the whole exact
chord. For example, if you want to play a Major chord, just
one Finger is required. Even for other chords, you only
need to press a few keys to establish the whole chord.
Step 1: Select a Rhythm Style.
Step 2: Press the SINGLE FINGER button.
When you press the SINGLE FINGER button, the
corresponding LED will light up, and SINGLE FINGER
mode has been assigned.
At this time, the PSS-595 will automatically be in the
SYNCHRO START Stand By position.
AUTO ACCOMPANIMENT
FINGERING ORCHESTRATION
E O о о ©
SINGLE FIN- INTRO LARGE BRIDGE
FINGER GERED
Step 3: Press any Auto Accompaniment keys.
When you press the Auto Accompaniment Key(s), the Auto
Accompaniment will start automatically.
Step 4: Stop Auto Accompaniment.
When you want to Stop the Auto Accompaniment, press the
SYNCHRO START/ENDING button, or the START/STOP
button.
When you press the SYNCHRO START/ENDING button the
Auto Accompaniment will finish in the Ending pattern.
< Single Finger Chording >
The following diagram shows the relationship between the
Chord Names, and Keys to press in the Auto
Accompaniment section on the keyboard.
€ Key to press
CD EFGGA?BSBC DEF
€ Chord Names
18
< How to play Chords named with a
Sharp or Flat >
When the Chord Name has a Sharp, press the black Key to
the right of the Chord Name Key. When the Chord Name
has a Flat, press the black Key to the left of the Chord
Name Key.
Gh Gr
a
< How to play 7th or Minor Chords >
When the Chord Name consists of a Single Capital letter
(C, D, etc.), this is a Major Chord. But the Chord
progression of most songs also often use other Chords
such as 7th chords (G7, E7, etc.) or Minor Chords (Cm, Am,
etc.). For these types of Chords, press 2 or 3 Keys
simultaneously as shown below:
Minor Chord: Press both
Major Chord: Press the
Root key. Root key and any black
key on the left of the Root
key simultaneously. {with 2
fingers)
7th Chord: Press both Root
key and any white key on
Minor 7th Chord: Press
the left of the Root key
both Root key and any
black and white keys on
simultaneously, (with 2
fingers)
the left of the Root key
simultaneously. {with 3
fingers)
* For further reference consult the Table on page 20.
< Example > The following diagram shows an
example of playing using the SINGLE FINGER mode:
C Dm7 F G7
Т | |
| ] 1
| ] 1
1 1 1
snif
a
d. Fingered Mode
This Fingering method allows you to have Auto
Accompaniment by playing Chords in the usual manner. It
is well suited for the individual who is accustomed to
playing Chords, and also for those songs containing Chords
which are not possible to play using the SINGLE FINGER
mode.
Step 1: Select a Rhythm Style.
Step 2: Press the FINGERED button.
When you press the FINGERED button, the corresponding
LED will light up, and FINGERED mode has been
assigned. At this time, the PSS-595 will automatically be in
the SYNCHRO START Stand By position.
AUTO ACCOMPANIMENT
FINGERING ORCHESTRATION
oO Ex о oO oO
~~ INTRO LARGE BRIDGE
SINGLE FIN
FINGER GERED
Step 3: Press the Auto Accompaniment keys.
When you press the Auto Accompaniment keys which are
detectable as a Chord, the Chords will change accordingly.
Step 4: Stop Auto Accompaniment.
When you want to Stop the Auto Accompaniment, press the
SYNCHRO START/ENDING button, or the START/STOP
button.
When you press the SYNCHRO START/ENDING button,
the Auto Accompaniment will finish in the Ending pattern.
< Example > The following diagram shows an
example of playing using the FINGERED mode:
Dm7 F G7 I
Owner's Manual
e. Detectable Chords
Types of Chords for Auto Acccompaniment detectable in
the SINGLE FINGER/FINGERED modes are listed below:
Detected as a Chord if the Braketted note is not played:
eX. Detectable Chords on the Root “С”
Suspended
4th Chord:
Major
e + . a DO
Csus4
Minor Augmented Chord:
° . | Chord: Cm (*) ole Caug
7th Chord:
N IT | " | C7 (*) nim " 1 Diminished
| |e| e e . Chord: Caim
Minor 7th Chord: Minor
. + e e le Chord:
CmM7 (*}
Major 7th Chord:
Cm7 (*) Minor 6th
e| of je] le | e oe Chord: Cme
Minor 7th Flatted |
o Sth Chord: Cmz-5 |, ° Single Chord: CS
7th
Suspended
4th Chord:
C7susa {*)
* Specified Chords (marked with a star) are detected when you play
its inversions. A Diminished or Augmented Chord will be detected
with the lowest note you play taken as its Root.
* Minor 7th Flatted 5th Chords and Minor 6th Chords are similar in the
intervals of Chord tones (ex. Bm7-5 and Dmé includes the same
notes.). So only when the lowest note played can be taken as the
Root of a Minor 6th Chord, it will be detected as a Minor 6th Chord.
Otherwise, it will be detected as a Minor 7th Fiatted 5th Chord.
<< Reference #3 >>
>> Why don’t you try using many different
techniques such as switching LARGE on/off or NORMAL/
BRIDGE, to vary the arrangments of your songs.
>> When you insert a Fill-in using the FILL TO
NORMAL or FILL TO BRIDGE buttons, the arranging of the
accompaniment will automatically change to fit the Fill-in
itself. So keep in mind how those changes occur, and use
them to add flavor to your performances.
>> To use the Harmony Effect without Auto
Accompaniment, simply press the SYNCRO START/
ENDING button to cancel it. You still have the Harmonized
tones in accord with the Chord Progression.
19
CHORD TABLE #1 - Single Fingered Chords
Major Chords | Minor Chords 7th Chords Minor 7th Chords
El
E
==
==
==5
|) | на
ан
ЕЕ
sisi
=
т
3
=
: e
e e
Cp | ны
==
==
==
mn
> PF ® Ba
3% ~ 3°
: {
——
НЕ
Te
ЕЕ
ЕЕ
:
20
- CHORD TABLE#2 - Fingered Chords
mue
MAUI,
mue
er, NY
men
WHE
WIHT +
Tran)
h Suspended 4th Chords Augmented Chords
= (IY [Fe
. oe 8 +
Minor 7th Flatted 5th Chords Л
Cm7-5 It LL " 1 C7S
.
O 5 a a Wu LL EL SS Odo << A
MUA,
> Mm
e
— А coe А
Pe
=
г
= =
т re —
= = = =
a о < < &
= fe =
= Fe
= > © 5 3 = = 5 ©
т HE | = = % x = = =
а D = Ta 5 5 I < ©
21
CHORD TABLE#3 - Fingered Chords
Diminished Chords Minor Major 7th Chords Suspended 4th Chords
со АА Ио [Е FEES
Cadim Е nm C#mM7 LU C#sus4 nm
(Djdim) LO (D,mm7) © ® (Dpsus4)
=
=
вые [ATA ome (NETA ea (MA
cc [MUA LL EL ALL LL
o [ECON o EE EEE RE TRACER
or [ТМ сее [ТИР [ТО И
> Oo
5:
2
. =
a
.
.
> <= O
3 + 3 > =
e
5 |
®
. .
. .
.
.
aa IY
(A,susa)
=
==
==
= $
dim Asusa
Ахат LiL " , Ажтм A#5US4
(Bidim) e (By mm?) (B,susa)
dim
3
BSUS4
cn (TE TENTE. LIL LLL,
ore WTTHETENY o= (EME ET
o. [MANI o (A
os (PUE 2 Е
се. [М [И
к. [ММ = ММ
wo [WERENT cs TASER
се [||
om (WRITE
Ams I | Л
22
Owner's Manual
Song Memory Section
Song Memory function enables you to easily record and
playback your performance on the keyboard. It has 2
individual tracks for Melody and Auto Accompaniment for 1
song. It would
be so helpful when you make a practice or
write an original song of yours.
a. 2 Recording Tracks
The PSS-595 has 2 recording tracks. The following chart
shows what is recorded on each track:
SONG MEMORY
ANUN]
ADVANCED WAVE MEMORY
oil
8
om
DEMO
START/STOP
TRACK |
MELODY
Melodies played by using the 100 Pre-set
sounds.
* Voice numbers and the timing of changes
of them.
* Assigned value of Voice Effects and
Harmony On/Off.
CHORD
Auto Accompaniment sounds, and Rhythm
Style sounds.
* Chords and the timing of Chord change.
* Assigning of ORCHESTRATION, and the
timing of changes of the
ORCHESTRATION.
* Timing of FILL-INs or ENDING.
* RHYTHM STYLE number and the timing
of changes of Rhythm Styles.
* Tempos (*)
* MELODY means:
(1) your performance using the keys higher than F#2 when recording
on both the MELODY and CHORD Tracks.
(2) your performance using whole keyboard when recording only on
the MELODY Track.
* On CHORD Track, your performance using Auto Accompaniment keys
{lower than G2).
Note: (*) Tempo Recording is available on the CHORD
Track. This procedure is not explained especially in the
Instructions on the following pages. When you Re-recorded
the Tempo, you have to Retake all the performance for
CHORD Track, from the 1st Bar of the Song. Remember, in
this case, the performance you have Recorded will be
overwritten and lost.
23
b. Basic Recording Procedure
When you use the PSS-595's many different functions, they
will give you a variety of recordings. First, we will explain
the basic procedure simply.
Select a Song Number.
* If you select a song
including data (the Song
already Recorded),
Clear the existing data
before new Recording.
(See page 27 for
details.)
y
Prepare for Recording.
y
Recording on
the CHORD
Track as long
as you wish.
(1st recording)
y
Recording on the
MELODY Track.
(2nd recording)
c. How to Record a Song
Step 1: Select a Song number (#).
The PSS-595 has a Memory Bank for up to 3 songs (Song
numbers <1> thru <3>). First, choose the Song number
which you want to Record or: by pressing the buttons
located under the MULTI DISPLAY. The Display will show
the number selected.
J MULTI DISPLAY
288
AUTO ACCOMP, BEAT
SONG MEMORY
Ÿ au
que
- +
JO
STARTISTOP
Select a Song number by
pressing the Song Number
Select buttons.
24
Step 2: Prepare for Recording.
You will need some preparation depending on which Track
you record on.
So, please consider the following information regarding
preparation of Recording:
1) Preparation when you select the MELODY
Track:
Choose a Voice by consulting the Voice List located on the
Control Panel, and assign the Voice Effects desired.
* You can change the assignments of Voice number or Voice Effects just
before or during recording.
2) Preparation when you select the CHORD
Track:
Select a Rhythm Style, and assign the Orchestation. At the
time you select to Record on the CHORD Track, the
Fingering will automatically be assigned to the FINGERERS‘ 4
mode if the Fingering has not been selected yet. If you +
want SINGLE FINGER mode you must assign it at that
time. If you want to record just the Rhythm, press the |
Fingering button assigned to turn it off. |
* You can change the assignments of Rythm Style, Orchestration, or |
Fingering just before or during recording. ‘
* In the CHORD Track, be careful to remember only Auto
Accompaniment Sounds, and Rhythm Style sounds will be recorded.
Step 3: Stand By for Recording.
As you press the REC button(s), the LED(s) of the selected
Track(s) will flash indicating you are ready to Record
(Stand By for Recording). Also at this time, 3 dots in the
MULT! DISPLAY will flash together in time with the
currently assigned Tempo. Along with the dots flashing, a
metronome sound will play out from the speakers.
EL
START/STOP
Press a REC
button.
LL
If you want to cancel, press the REC button of the Track in
the Stand By position again.
Step 4: Start Recording.
You can start Recording in the currently selected Tempo by
pressing any key of the keyboard or pressing the PLAY/
STOP button.
HEIR CI
PLA =
DEMO
START/STOP
q Recording, the 3 dots in the MULTI DISPLAY will
ow the beats of the measure in tempo, same as when in
the Ahythm playing. When you record on the MELODY
Track, metronome sound will play out from the speakers
with an accent on the first beat of each bar, and the LED of
the Selected Track will continue to flash. When you record
on the CHORD Track, however, the metronome sound will
not play out because the Rhythm patterns will be a guide
for you. (Also when in Playback the metronome is not
played out.)
MULTI DISPLAY
dort
HEL)
AUTO — ACCOMP. BEAT ACCOMP. BEAT
Displays the Beat.
Step 5: Stop Recording.
You can stop Recording by pressing the PLAY/STOP
button once again. When you're Recording on the CHORD
Track, you can finish the Recording with an Ending pattern
by pressing the SYNCHRO START/ENDING button of
ACCOMPANIMENT CONTROL. After Stopping the
Recording, the PSS-595 will be in Stand By position to
Playback.
Owner's Manual
>> Verification of Recording:
When you press the PLAY/STOP button, you can Playback
what you have Recorded. You can stop Playback at any
time by pressing the PLAY/STOP button once again. For
further details see page 26 “d. How to Playback a Song”)
START/STOP
>> Continued Recording on Remaining Track:
If you want to Record on the other Track listening to the
Playback first Recorded, repeat Steps 2 thru 5 to Record on
the Track. Playback of the recorded Track will
automatically start together when you start the New
Recording.
* DURING the New Recording, if you don't want to hear a Track first
Recorded, turn OFF that Track's LED by pressing the corresponding
REC button. Remember this operation should be done AFTER the
New Recording has begun. If you press the REC button of a Track first
Recorded BEFORE you start the New Recording, this will be a Re-
Recording operation on the FIRST Track. During the New Recording,
you can Playback the first Track by pressing its REC button with the
LED lit up, or vice versa.
Note: The length of the Song is determened by the length
of the CHORD Track. So, when you make a New
Recording on the MELODY Track, the song will
automatically stop after the last measure of the CHORD
Track previously Recorded (even if the CHORD Track is
not played back during the New Recording).
25
>> Simultaneous Recording on Both
MELODY and CHORD Tracks:
When you record the melody and accompaniment at a
time, as explained in Step 3, set both MELODY and
CHORD Tracks in the STAND BY position by pressing both
REC buttons. Then follow Steps 4 and 5 as normally. At
this time, play Auto Accompaniment keys (lower than G2)
by the left hand, and melodies should be played with higher
keys than F#2.
>> Re-recording Methods:
In case you have mistaken and Re-record it, just repeat
Steps 2 thru 5 as many times you wish. Every time you
Re-record, an old performance will be overwritten by a
newly recorded one. Why don't you take the best one?
>> When you want to record another Song,
choose another Song number as explained in Step 1, and
then continue Recording following Steps 2 thru 5.
* Once you start the song to Record or Playback, you cannot set the
other Track in RECORD position during the song running.
* During Recording, if the capacity of Song Memory has been reached,
the following indication will be shown for a second and the Recording
will automatically stop.
MULTI DISPLAY
Ira
CoH,
AUTO ACCOMP. BEAT
In case this indication is shown while Recording on the
MELODY Track, even if you try a Re-recording on the
MELODY Track by pressing the keys, you cannot start it
right away. Also, when Playback, you will hear the
beginning part of the Song incorrectly. When you Record
on the MELODY Track after <Ch Full> indication, first make
a dummy Recording or Clear the Song (for Clearing see
page 27). Then start Re-recording.
* The contents of SONG MEMORY will be Stored even after you turn
OFF the POWER, if you have batteries installed.
CAUTION!
Pay special attention when handling the
Song Memory. Ш
The Song Memory data (= Songs you have Record 0)
so delicate that will be easily destroyed'by the electrical
shock. Actually, the data will be lost partially. Remember
this will definitely take place in the following situations:
The Song Memory data will be lost partially when the pSS-
595 is turned Off intentionally or accidentally, that is, by
using the POWER switch, or with batteries’ voltage lowered
or the authorized AC adaptor disconnected, -
+ During Recording or Playback
26
d. How to Playback a Song
Step 1: Select a Song number.
First, choose the Song number which you want to Playback
by pressing the <+/—> buttons as explained in the
Recording procedure.
* When you listen to the Playback of a Song you have just recorded, this
operation can be skipped.
Step 2: Start Playback.
When you press the PLAY/STOP button, the Recorded
performance will be Played Back. You can determine
which Track to Playback or not by pressing the
corresponding REC button (LED indication: available; ON,
inavailable; OFF) during Playback. If you turn OFF the LED
of either Track, the Playback will stop immediately.
Step 3: Stop Playback. 4
When you reach the end of the Song, Playback will Stop
automatically. Also, you can Stop the Playback at any time,
by pressing the PLAY/STOP button.
e. Clear Function
The Clear function enables you to Clear a whole Song at a
« + time.
Step 1: Turn the PSS-595 OFF.
| Step 2: Press one of the 3 keys; C1, D1 and E1 in the
lowest Octave, and hold it down. These keys each
correspond to the Song number 1 to 3:
| Е - В
em
—]
Ci: Song number 1
Di: Song number 2
Ei: Song number 3
When you wish to Clear the Song number 2, just press Dt
key and hold it down.
Step 3: Next turn the PSS-595 ON while holding the
key.
Step 4: Release the key when you hear a Voice.
Try a Song selection with the SONG Number button and
<+/-> buttons under the MULTI DISPLAY and make a
layback. If it has done well (with No sounds Played back),
© the Song making as you wish.
For the rest Songs, if you like, repeat Steps 1 to 4.
Owner's Manual
>> Using Song Memory for Minus One
Settings:
You can use Song Memory as Backing for Vocals, or
Instrumental Solos, for Practice or Live Performances.
<< Reference #4 >>
< Example >
Step 1: First, you Record the Rhythm Style and Chord
Progression using Auto Accompaniment, onto the
CHORD Track. Of course, remember to make the most
of the Intro and Ending available.
Step 2: Next, in order to contrast and enrich the
preset Rhythm, you Record your original Fill-Ins or “live”
Rhythm variations manually played with the Voice
number 76 PERCUSSION, onto the MELODY Track. Or,
add obbligatos or phrases you wish with other Voices.
Step 3: Stop Recording. Then give a realtime solo in
another Voice while Playing back the accompaniment just
Recorded.
>> Using Song Memory for Compostion or
Arranging:
You can log your Melodic and Harmonic ideas into the
Song Memory.
Note: You can also do the Recording from an external
MIDI keyboard. See page 35 for detailed information
about this.
27
MIDI Section
The PSS-595 is a digital Keyboard operating with MIDI
Standard. If you know about MIDI, you will come to know
more about the workings and applications of the PSS-595.
Now, we will gradually venture into the world of MIDI.
a. What is MIDI?
MIDI is an abbreviation for: Musical Instrument Digital
Interface, which transmits and receives information about
the music being played between MIDI-equipped electronic
instruments/devices (such as personal computers). Since
the concept of this World Standard has been adopted, it
has allowed the interaction of many kinds of electronic
equipment throughout the world. It may sound
overwhelming but it really will be worth learning about MIDI.
For example, you can connect different brands of MIDI-
equipped instruments, the melodies played on an
instrument could be played out on another instrument, or if
you connect even more instruments, it's easy to broaden
your capabilties and coordinate many sounds which
together could sound as big as an Orchestra with you as
the conductor! Let's take a look into how the electronic
instruments can be connected by using MIDI.
b. MIDI Terminals and MIDI
Cables
MIDI instruments/devices always have MIDI Termina! hook-
ups. If you view the rear panel of the PSS-595, you will see
the MIDI Terminals fitted there as shown below. Starting
from the right, they are: MIDI IN and MIDI OUT.
* Depending on the type of machine or instrument, the order of the
Terminals may vary.
OUT MIDI
Each Terminal's role is as follows:
MIDI IN Terminal: This is the gateway which Receives
MIDI information from other MIDI instruments/devices.
MIDI OUT Terminal: This is the gateway which Transmits
MIDI information generated by the PSS-595.
28
When you connect those MIDI Terminals, use MIDI Cables
which are shown below:
c. MIDI Connections
Now, let's connect the MIDI OUT Terminal which is an Exit
of MIDI information, and the MIDI IN Terminal which is an
Entrance of the information, using one MIDI cable. In this
case of the connection illustrated, performance information
from the PSS-595 will be sent out to MIDI instrument (A).
In other words, you can say this is a situation where the
(A). Therefore, in this case the instrument that gives the
command (PSS-595) is called the “Master”, and the
instrument that obeys the commands is called the “Slave”
(Musical Instrument (A)). This is an important idea to
remember when dealing with connecting MIDI Instruments.
PSS-595 MIDI OUT | MIDI IN
MIDI Instrument (A)
(Slave)
(Master)
Oppositely, in the following case, MIDI instrument (A) will
be the Master and the PortaSound will be the Slave.
MIDI OUT
PSS-595 | MIDI IN
MIDI Instrument (A)
(Master)
(Slave)
Additionally, If you make a couple of MIDI OUT-to-MIDI IN
connection as shown below, you can use either of the
instruments for Master and Slave at the same time.
MIDI OUT
MIDI IN
PSS-595 MIDI OUT
| Y MIDI IN
MIDI Instrument (A)
(Master/Slave)
(Master/Slave)
— pa ===, ==
mea [| Em ma дит, gm, LF aE omg EE EEN
+
e
PSS-595 controls (commands) the MIDI musical Instrument
*
Tr
d. Types of MIDI Information
MIDI Information includes various kinds of messages
(commands). You should learn some basic ones among
them, which all are transmitted or received on the
PortaSound.
Even when you press a key with one finger, information like
Note number (which key), Note on/off (when pressed/
released), and Velocity (how fastly and strongly played) will
be transmitted. Not only these, but Program Change (for
Voice selection) and Control Change (for Voice Effects)
can also be transmitted. These kinds of information are
called “Channel Messages”. In order for these types of
information to be communicated, you must select the same
MIDI Channel number (from 1 to 16) on both the
Transmitter (Master) and Receivers (Slaves) among the
MIDI-connected instruments. There is another kind of
Information called “System Messages”, which you need
$ you have a rhythm machine or sequencer
ynchronized to play together.
Any MIDI information is rapidly transmitted/received in
digital signals comprised of just two numerals 0 and 1.
e. Matching MIDI Channels
MIDI instruments/devices can transmit or receive
information only when you select the same MIDI Channel
on both Transmitter and Receiver, this is a basic rule to
remember. For example consider how T.V. channels work;
when you want to see a movie, you must select a certain
Channel which is broadcasting the movie. In basically the
same way, one MIDI cable can carry different kinds of MIDI
performance information on 16 MIDI Channels. When the
Receiver is set to the same MIDI Channel of the information
as on the Transmitter, you can have it play as the received
information. The following example shows a sequencer
| nsmitting MIDI performance information for several parts
| Y cremonána MIDI Channels. Each Receiver's MIDI
hannel has been prepared so as to receive the specified
performance information and independently plays out with a
different sound and melody.
Owner's Manual
Ch. 1 Sax Part
Sequencer Ch. 2 Piano Part
~ Ch. 3 Bass Part
Ch. 4 Rhythm Part
r
MIDI THRU
BOX
r r Y
MIDI Instru- MIDI Insiru- MIDI Instru- MIDI Instru-
ment (A) ment (B) ment (C) ment (0)
pa ch1 и ch2 x A ch3 x a ch4 x
Sax Sound Piano Sound Bass Sound Rhythm Sound
* "MIDI THRU BOX" is a device used to distribute the same MIDI data as
input to its MIDI IN Terminal so that the Master can send the data to
multiple Slaves simultaneously.
Note: If a certain MIDI instrument can receive MIDI
performance information on Multiple Channels and play out
several parts” sounds at a time, this MID! instrument has
Multi- Timbre mode. And so the PSS-595 does.
f. What is Multi-Timbre?
Here we will give the little explanation about the Multi-
Timbre. As the illustration on the previous page “e.
Matching MIDI Channels”, if you have a Master device
which can contro! multiple Slave instruments on respective
Channels (ex. Sequencer) and several Slave instruments,
you will have them make an automatic ensemble and will
be a MIDI beneficiary. However, imagine if you wish to
reproduce a philharmonic orchestration, besides a solo,
combo, or quartet.... Simply talking, it will be required as
many Slave instruments as the parts or members in the
orchestra. This is no easy way of musical enjoyment.
Generally, Multi-Timbre is an easy and economical way to
carry out multiple MIDI performances simultaneously. In
this case, a single Multi-Timbral Sound module will accept
the MIDI messages on multiple Channels and reproduce
the multiple performances. The Sound Module of your
PortaSound is provided with this function. The following
diagram will help you understand the Multi-Timbre:
29
Keyboard
KEYBOARD TRANSMIT GH
+
MIDI
IN
terminal
From
Master
AUTO ACCOMP.
ON/OFF
KEYBOARD
THANSMIT
CH
Chord
Detection
SONG
MEMORY
MELODY
AEC |
CHORD
MELODY
PLAY
CHORD
Chord
and
Chord type
AUTO
ACCOMP.
1 23 4 5 68 7 8 9 1011121314151
TI TIMBRAL SOUND MODULE
U Y
OUTPUT
As shown in the above diagram, the PortaSound has 16
Channel Buses toward its Sound Module, and they
correspond to MIDI Channels 1 to 16 respectively (16
vertical arrows in the center of the diagram).
Built-in controllers such as Keyboard, Song Memory, and
Auto Accompaniment are designed to drive the Sound
Module with their respective MIDI Informations and
functions. MIDI IN Terminal is a gateway of MIDI
Information from an external Master controller. These are
illustrated by 4 arrow groups toward Channel Buses. That
IS, You can play with a single Voice on the whole Keyboard
(drive the Sound Module to sound a single Voice) on a
KEYBOARD TRANSMIT CHannel(*1) selected (See page
31 for details.). If you activate the Auto Accompaniment,
the whole Keyboard will be split into two sections (C1-F#2:
for accompaniment, G2-Cs: for melody) and Auto
Accompanimet will drive the Sound Module to sound
several Voices on Channel 10 to 16. Song Memory(*2) is a
little complex as it functions in combination with other
controllers, but finally it will drive the Sound Module fully on
Channel 1 to 16. And, you can drive the Sound Module
also from an external Master controller via MIDI IN
Terminal. In this case, you can drive the Sound Module by
the MIDI Information on the Channel(s) specified in
RECEIVE CHannel selection (See right for details.).
(*1) KEYBOARD TRANSMIT CHannel will be selected by a couple of link
switches as shown in the diagram.
(*2) Song Memory is a little complex as it functions in combination with
other controllers. That is, for example, in case of recording on the
MELODY Track, KEYBOARD TRANSMIT CHannel will be
automatically switched to the corresponding Channel to the Track
(Channel 5). Or, in case of recording on CHORD Track, the Fingering
will be automatically selected (initially FINGERED) and switched to
Transmit Channel 10 to 16 (dedicated to Auto Accompaniment).
30
* Mult-Timbre on the PortaSound will be performed with Dynamic Voice
Allocaiton. (See page 32 for details.)
* When recording on the MELODY Track by the keyboard, KEYBOARD
TRANSMIT Channel will be automatically switched to channel 5.
g. How to Operate MIDI
Functions on PSS-595
a) Receive Channel Selection
>
When you press the RECEIVE CH/CLOCK/BOOST button ~~ I
in MIDI select, the corresponding LED will light up, the
MULTI DISPLAY will initially indicate <E 1>, and you can !
select the following option for reception of MIDI Information e
by Increment/Decrement buttons under the MULTI A
DISPLAY: .
>> Channel message reception by each individual Al 4
Channel (
>> Clock reception N
>> Velocity Boost = |
RECEIVE CH/CLOCK/BOOST LED lit up. Pr N
A P
<E>: Enable to Receive. <d>: Disable to Receive. oh S
x с
| Channel Number Clock Velocity Boost © N
| y + .
- 888 - 856 - añ- GHA --
em
>
Loop Option Ir
>> Channel message reception by each individual (F
Channel - Y
Initial Setting: Enable/Channel 1-16 <E 1> to <E16> H
This option is useful when you use the PortaSound as a у
Slave Sound Module. Each of <E 1> to <E16> indication b
means <Enabie/Channel Number>. In this “Enable” W
position, the PortaSound can receive Channel messages (1 |,
Note On, Program Change, Control Change, etc.) including p
that Channel number via its MIDI IN Terminal, so that you
can control the PortaSound's Sound Module from an и
external Master. th
However if you don’t wish the PortaSound to receive the
messages on a certain Channel, you can put the Channel pb
in “Disable” position. First select the <Enable/Channel
Numbers indication and then press the ON/OFF button *
under the RECEIVE CH/CLOCK/BOOST button. At this
time, the indication will be changed to <disable/Channel
Number> such as <d 1>, <d 2>, etc. Oppositely, “Disable”
can be changed to “Enable” also pressing the ON/OFF
button.
MIDI
1-16 14-166
KEYBOARD RECEIVE CH
TRANSMIT CH ÆLOCI/HOOST
A
MEMORY
BULK DUMP
ON
>> Clock reception
Initial Setting: disable/Clock <d c>
The Clock is generally called “MID! Clock” and you can
specify by this option, whether the PortaSound can receive
external MIDI Clock or not.
As with Channel message reception, select Clock reception
able” position by the ON/OFF button to receive external
DI Clock. The <d ¢> indication will be changed to <E c>
| $ shown as <d c> (disable/Clock) and switch to
|
— (Enable/Clock).
Normally, the PortaSound runs by its internal clock.
However if it is in <Enable/Clock> position and connected
— toa Master which generates MIDI Clock, the PortaSound
will synchronize and run with the Master. Additionally, the
PortaSound can transmit and receive Start/Stop messages,
so if a Master generates Start/Stop messages, you can
control even start/stop of the accompaniment from the
Master.
* With <E c> selected, while the PortaSound will synchronize and run
with the Master, the MULTI DISPLAY will show an external Tempo. At
this time, it would seem to be disordered because the microcomputer of
the PortaSound calculate external MIDI Clock in realtime. This is no
problem.
>> Velocity Boost
Initial Setting: disable/Boost <d b>
mal Sound Module by Note On message including
Velocity data maximally fixed (for your manual play).
However, when you control the Sound Module from an
external Master Keyboard which generates variable
Velocity data, you may be compelled to do the key hitting or
beating not pressing in order to well balance your melody
with the accompaniment.
$n the Keyboard on the PortaSound controls the
~ Inthis case, this option will be useful. First select Velocity
Boost initially shown as <d b> (disable/Boost). Then
activate the Booster by the ON/OFF button, and the <d b>
indication will be changed to <E b> ( Enable/Boost). After
this operation you can play more comfortably from the
— Master Keyboard. If you don't need it, turn off the Booster
~ by the ON/OFF button to change to the <d b> indication.
* When you activate the Booster, volume of Auto Accompaniment will be
turned down (lower than its normal volume by 3dB).
* The initial pre-set settings for the Receive Channel mode are: Each
Receive Channel;Enabie, MIDI Clock:Disable, velocity Boost;Disable.
Owner's Manual
b) Transmit Channel Selection
When you press the KEYBOARD TRANSMIT CH button of
the MIDI select, the corresponding LED will light up, and
you can assign the Transmit Channel for manual play on
the keyboard and Voice selection for each individual
Channel.
Additionally, to press the MEMORY BULK DUMP button
consecutively, you can make a Data Transfer of the System
Exclusive Message of the PortaSound.
>> Transmit Channel
When you press the KEYBOARD TRANSMIT CH button,
the value shown in the MULTI DISPLAY is the current MIDI
Transmit Channel for manual play on the Keyboard. If you
want to change the value, press the <+/—> buttons to select
the Channel you wish to Transmit on, however, only one
Transmit Channel can be assigned at a time.
KEYBOARD TRANSMIT CH LED lit up.
MIDI
161-1806 MULTI DISPLAY
--
e = 0 1
A ELLA
AUTO ACCOMP. BEAT
MEMORY _ +
ON
OFF
31
>> Voice selection for each individual Channel
After setting the Transmit Channel, make a normal Voice
selection. That is all for setting a Voice selection for a single
Channel. Repeat the same procedure for all Channels. See
page 35 for the situation to actually do this. Additionally,
initial settings when the PortaSound is turned on: Ch.1-15;
Voice number 00, Ch.16; Voice number 76.
>> Memory Bulk Dump
Memory Bulk Dump function allows you to Transfer out and
save the Song Memory data as a MIDI System Exclusive
Message. (See page 34 for details.)
As you press the MEMORY BULK DUMP button once, with
the KEYBOARD TRANSMIT CH LED lit, the PortaSound
will now be in the Bulk Dump mode. At this point the MULTI
DISPLAY will show <b d P>, and All other functions will
automatically Stop. This means that the PortaSound is
ready Data Transfer (Stand By to Bulk Dump). When you
press the MEMORY BULK DUMP button once again, the
Display will show <0>, while the Bulk Dump is being
executed. After finishing the Bulk Dump process, the
Display will automatically returns to the current Tempo
indication.
MULTI DISPLAY
df -
MITO ACCOMP. BEAT
MULTI DISPLAY
55d
AUTO ACCOMP. BEAT
1418 10 16/00
@ ©
KETBOAAD RECEIVE CH
6 K/ECOS
TRANSMIT GH CLOG T )
MEMORY
BULK DUMP
ON
OFF
* In case you wish to try a Data Transfer to another PSS-595, just make
a typical MIDI connection between the Transmitter PSS-595 and the
Receiver PSS-595. Then you press the MEMORY BULK DUMP button
on the Transmitter, the MULTI DISPLAY on the Receiver will also
indicate <b-0>. When the Bulk Dump process is successfully
completed, the Receivers MULTI DISPLAY will also return to the
Receiver's current Tempo indication.
In case you try a Data Transfer to a MIDI-equipped personal computer
or Sequencer, normally it should only be set in Recording mode, and
operation on the PSS-595 (Transmitter) is the same as explained.
However, keep in mind to refer to the Operation Manuat of the Receiver
in use.
* When the PortaSound stands by to Data Transfer, if you can press any
button for Voice Effects or Overall Controls, Data Transfer wil! be
cancelled.
32
h. Transmitted and Received
Data on PSS-595
a) Transmitted Data
<< Note On/Off >>
== Fach Transmit Channel is as follows:
<Manual Play>
Whole Keys: C1-C6
When Auto Accompaniment used: G2 and above.
Channel Assignment: one of 1-16, Initial Value: 1.
еж Transmitted by Manual play on the Keyboard.
Note: Even if you press a specific key, the PortaSound
won't always generate the same Note On message. When
you press C3 key in a Voice “BASS”, the sound will be
reproduced in C1, which is lower than what it should be
reproduced (C3) by two octaves. At this time, Note On
message will be transmitted as C1. The standard Note
number (included in Note On message) is A3=440Hz.
<Song Memory>
« Transmitted are all the recorded data on the respective
Tracks when they are played back. The data consist of:
Note On/Off, Program Change (for Voice selection), Control
Change (for assignment of Voice Effects’ value), and preset
assignment change of Auto Accompaniment.
* <MELODY Track>
«= Transmitted on Channels 1-9.
* «<CHORD Track>
re” Recorcded data on the CHORD Track consist of:
<Rhythm Part>
rs Transmitted on Channel 16.
<Bass Part>
ww Transmitted on Channel 15.
<Other Accompaniment Parts>
ww Transmitted on Channels 10-14.
Note: Asterisk (*) means that the performance information
on the Tracks are Transmitted on the specified Channels
when they are played back on the PSS-595.
<< Control Change >>
ww The value of Voice Effects (Volume, Sustain, and
Reverb) for the Voice will be Transmitted on each Channel.
<< Program Change >>
# Program Change of each Channel's Voice will be
executed according to PortaSound Standard Voice
Numbers. See page 37 for correspondence between
Program Change numbers and Voices.
Ad
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of
<< System Exclusive >>
w Transmitted by the MEMORY BULK DUMP button.
See page 41 for details of the Bulk Data Format.
<< Active Sense, Start/Stop, Clock >>
w These Realtime messages are all Transmitted.
Active Sense will be Transmitted for the Receiver(s) to
recognize to be connected to the Transmitter.
Start/Stop will be Transmitted if any Start/Stop operation is
executed on the PortaSound.
Clock will be Transmitted for the Receiver to synchronize
with the PortaSound.
b) Received Data
<< Note On/Off >>
w Received on each Channel.
Sound reproduction on the PortaSound is executed by
namic Voice Allocation.
On Dynamic Voice Allocation
The PortaSound fuctions as a Multi-Timbral Sound Module.
Thatis, the PortaSound’s internal microcomputer accepts
Note On/Off and Program Change messages on the
respective Channels, with which it drives the Sound Module
to reproduce the corresponding Voices independently at the
maximum of 28 notes. This is called Dynamic Voice
Allocation to save you a bothering manual allocation.
~The Dynamic Voice Allocation will be performed by
Channel Messages (: Note On/Off, Program Change,
Control Change and Pitch Bend Change). So, when you
-— use the PortaSound as a Multi-Timbre Sound Module, you
need to send the Messages from the Master device.
Additionally, the Auto Accompaniment is an application
based on the Dynamic Voice Allocation.
<< Pitch Bend Change >>
Pitch Bend Change can be received on Every Channel.
фи the Pitch Bend Range is in common to All
— Channels as shown below:
Status 1st Data | 2nd Data Range
EnH 00H 00H —i Octave
EnH 00H 40H Center
EnH 7FH 7FH "+1 Octave
* EnH=Pitch Bend Change status, n=0-F (: Ch.1-16)
Owner's Manual
<< Control Change >>
ww Fach Channel Receives the Values of Volume, Sustain,
and Reverb for each sound, however the Value of each
Effect is as shown below:
Status Effects MID! Data
BnH 01H OOH-7FH
BnH 07H OOH-7FH
BnH 40H OOH-7FH
BnH 5BH OOH-7FH
“ BnH=Control Change status, n=0-F (: Ch.1-16)
* Effects: 01H=Vibrato (Modulation), 07H=Volume, 40H=Sustain,
5BH=Reverb
= The following charts show the correspondence between
Voice Effects’ value and Received MIDI data.
Vibrato Step | MIDI Data
(Modulation)
OOH-OFH
10H-1FH
20H-2FH
30H-3FH
40H-4FH
50H-5FH
60H-6FH
~N OO NB WN — с
70H-7FH
||
* Vibrato (Modulation) won't be applied to all Voices.
33
* BnH=Control Change status, n=0-F (: Ch.1-16)
* Effects: 07H=Volume, 40H=Sustain, 5BH=Reverb
34
Volume Value | MIDI Data | Volume Value | MIDI Data
0 00H-04H 13 45H-49H
1 05H-09H 14 4AH-4EH
2 ОАН-ОЕН 15 4FH-54H
3 OFH-14H 16 55H-59H
4 15H-19H 17 5AH-5EH
5 1AH-1EH 18 5FH-64H
6 1FH-24H 19 65H-69H
7 25H-29H 20 6AH-6EH
8 2AH-2EH 21 6FH-74H
9 2FH-34H 22 75H-79H
10 35H-39H 23 7AH-7FH
11 3AH-3EH 24 7FH
12 3FH-44H
Sustain Value | MIDI Data
0 00H-3FH
1 40H-7FH
Reverb Value MIDI Data
0 OOH-OFH
1 20H-3FH
2 40H-5FH
3 60H-7FH
<< Program Change >>
rs Received on all Channels except for Channel 16.
Program Change for Channels 1-15 will be executed
according to PortaSound Standard Voice Numbers. See
page 37 for correspondence between Program Change
numbers and Voices.
<< Active Sense, Start/Stop, Clock >>
i= Active Sense will be Received. In case the PortaSound
has recognized this message to come in every specified
period, if the PortaSound cannot recognize it, all the sound
reproduction on the PortaSound will be stopped. This is to
prevent ceaseless sound reproduction by disconnection of
a MID! cable.
Start/Stop can be Received by Auto Accompaniment (with
Fingering selected} or Song Memory (with Track(s) selected
for Recording). You can select either of them alternatively.
If neither Fingering nor Track(s) has been selected, only the
Rhythm will be controlled by Start/Stop.
Clock can be Received if it is set in <Enable/Clock> positif® i
in Clock reception. When you intend to use the PortaSouna
as a Slave also utilizing Auto Accompaniment or Song
Memory, remember to set Clock in “Enable” position. And,
you can synchronize the performance on the PortaSound
with the external accompaniment.
* Even if you set the PortaSound in <Enable/Clock> position, it will run by
its internal clock unless it recognizes the external Clock to come in.
Additionally, the PortaSound in <Enable/Clock> position, won't start
running by external Start message unless it recognizes the external
Clock to come in. Oppositely, the PortaSound in <Disable/Clock>
position, can Receive external Start and Stop messages. At this time,
however, the PortaSound runs by its internal cfock (does not
synchronize with the Master). Furthermore, in case you have been
controlled the tempo of the PortaSound in <Enable/Clock> position
from the Master, if you switch <Enable/Clock> to <Disable/Clock>, the
tempo of the PortaSound is that you have last set from the Master.
<< System Exclusive >>
2 Received when the data is Recognized as the Bulk Data
(System Exclusive data) for the PSS-595.
See page 41. for details of the Bulk Data Format.
Description Value
1st Byte System Exclusive status FOH
2nd Byte Manufacturer ID 43H (YAMAHA)
3rd Byte Classification ID 76H
4th Byte Data Format NO. 08H
Data (Show below)
Last Byte ¡End of Exclusive (EOX) |F7H
* “Classification ID” indicates the following “Data” is for “Portable
Keyboard”.
* “Data Format NO.” indicates the following “Data” is exclusive for the
PSS-595.
* System Exclusive “Data” of the PSS-595 are:
* All the recorded data in Song Memory.
Data in Song Memory are Song data which consist of: Note On/Off,
Program Change {for Voice selection), Control Change (for Voice
Effects except Harmony), Pitch Bend Change, Tempo Change.
* End of Exclusive is a MIDI standard message to indicate the System
Exclusive Message's end.
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i. Advanced Uses of PSS-595
in MIDI Connection
< Example 1> When using with a Personal Computer
or Sequencer
The PSS-595 can be used as a Multi-Timbral, 28 note
Polyphonic Sound Module when used together with a
Personal Computer or Sequencer, and can be a valuable
aid in working with music. Also, you can easily Transmit
the Recorded data in Song Memory to a Personal
Computer or Sequencer in order to store it on a floppy disk
or cartridge tape, or modify it into the excellent ones on
those machines.
;
OUT
| “ When you connect with a Personal Computer, You need a MID!
Interface authorized for the computer.
» Setting of the PSS-595 used as a Sound
Module:
After you assign a Voice on each Channel, you can play out
MIDI performance data for every part from a Personal
Computer or Sequencer.
<< Voice Selection on Each Receive
Channel >>
Step 1: First, turn the PSS-595's Receive Channels (1-16)
q... to <Enable> position. Of course for those
nnels you do not wish to Receive MIDI information,
leave <Disable>.
Step 2: Next, press the KEYBOARD TRANSMIT CH
button, and as you select each Channel (Channel Number
is being displayed in the MULTI DISPLAY) with <+/->
buttons beneath the Display, and assign a Voice with the
VOICE and Number buttons in the STYLE/VOICE Select.
Or, if you wish to do each Voice selection from the Master
device, simply program it in the sequence data and send
the data directly to the PortaSound. Due to the :
PortaSound's Dynamic Voice Allocation, you can
concentrate on the operation of the Master device.
* When the PortaSound is turned on, the Voice number 00 PIANO is
- automatically selected for the Channels 1-15 and the Voice number 96
PERCUSSIONS for the Channel 16.
>> Data transmitting from the PSS-595:
| Transmit the performance data of pre-made Song by using
Song Memory to a Personal Computer or Sequencer in
— Real time. After setting the Personal Computer or
Sequencer in Recording mode with its MIDI Clock
synchronized to the PSS-595, on the PSS-595 you only
Playback the Song to Transmit.
Owner's Manual
< Example 2> when controling from an external
keyboard
If you connect the PortaSound to an external keyboard with
over 49 keys, you can expand the key range for
performance. You can also balance your manual
performance with the accompaniment by Velocity Booster
activation setting the PortaSound in the <Enable/Boost>
position,
“|
NEC ERR
<< Controlling Auto Accompaniment by
External Keyboard >>
Step 1: First select the Fingering (Single Finger or
Fingered), and then match the Transmit Channel on the
external keyboard with the KEYBOARD TRANSMIT
CHannel on the PortaSound. At this point, you can use the
keyboard splitting into two key sections for Auto
Accompaniment and Melody as on the PortaSound.
Step 2: If the Master can transmit Start/Stop and Clock
messages, set the PortaSound in <Enable/Clock> position.
And, you can also control the PortaSound from the Master.
That is, it enables you to start Auto Accompaniment running
at an identical tempo that is set on the Master, and stop it.
Note: Orchestration assignment, Fingering selection, and
Fill-in insertion should be operated manually on the
PortaSound. In matching the Transmit Channel on both
units, if you set Channel 10 to 16 (dedicated to Auto
Accompaniment), your performance and Auto
Accompaniment will run against each other. For example, |
when you select a Voice or Style, the accompaniment
reselect another. So don't select Channel 10-16 as
Transmit Channel.
<< Controlling Song Memory by
External Keyboard >>
Step 1: First match the Transmit Channel on the external
keyboard with the KEYBOARD TRANSMIT CHannel on the
PortaSound.
That is all for you to control the Song Memory from an
external keyboard. And you can do the recording on the
Tracks: MELODY 1 to 5, PAD, and AUTO ACCOMP. For
recording onto VECTOR SYNTH Track, you should play the
Vector Synthesizer on the PortaSound. |
|
Step 2: For actual recording, you can follow the same steps |
as explained in “Song Memory Section”. |
35
LA
Ed
a
Note: You can contro! Voice selection, Voice Effects from
the external keyboard. That is, Voice selection will be
executed by Program Change message, and Voice Effects’
value will be assigned by Control Change message. They
could be done by simply transmitting those message to the
PortaSound referring to the Correspondence Charts (> on
page 37 for Program Change and on page 32 for Control
Change). However, as previously explained, in case you
set the Transmit Channel on both units to one of 10 to 16
(dedicated to Auto Accompaniment), Voice selection of
yours and that of Auto Accompaniment will run against
each other.
Additionally, for controlling Tempo, or Start/Stop of
Recording from the external keyboard, follow the same step
in “Controlling Auto Accompaniment by External Keyboard”.
< Example 3 > When using a Drum Machine or Pad
Controller
First, you set the Transmit Channel of the Drum Machine to
<16>, and set each Transmit Note number same as the one
corresponding to the PSS-595's Percussion sound you
wish, refering to the correspondence list on page 37. When
you play the Drum Machine, the Percussion sounds of
PSS-595 will be reproduced by the performance data
including Strength and Weakness (according to Velocity
data).
OUT
Oo CO00
O 0000
О ООС
О ООО
Note: If the Transmit Channel of the Drum Machine is fixed
on a specific Channel number and disable to be changed,
first (A) send MIDI Program Change number 100 (which is
corresponding to Voice number 76 PERCUSSIONS) from
the Drum Machine (or other Master device), or (B) assign
the Voice number 76 PERCUSSIONS for the same
Channel on the PSS-595 following the methods in “Voice
Selection on Each Receive Channel” on page 35. Then set
the Transmit Note number on the Drum Machine as already
mentioned.
36
< Example 4 > When making a Larger Polyphonic
ensemble
When you Receive a larger composition data (in case it is
required to sound more than 28 notes at a time), you can
use a MIDI connection as shown below. For example, you
can use two units of PSS-595, and assign the 1st PSS-595
(Receive Channels 1-8/Enable, the rest/Disable) and
assign the 2nd PSS-595 (Receive Channnels 9-16/Enable,
the rest/Disable). If you use two PSS-595s dividing their
Receive Channels like this, you can have them play in 56
Polyphonic Sounds capability.
IN
MIDI
THRU BOX
1st PSS-595
Receive Channel: 1-8 Enable
2nd PSS-595
Receive Channel: 9-16 Enable
< Example 5 > When controlling an external Sound
Module from PSS-595
If you set the Sound program number of the external Souff 4
Module which matches to a MIDI Program Change Number }
of PSS-595 beforehand, you can do the external Sound
program selections PSS-595. In this case, if you select a
similar Sound Program to a PSS-595's Voice and the
Sound Module has Multi-Timbre mode, you can also apply
Song Memory or Auto Accompaniment function to the
Module.
IN OUT
Sound Module
PSS-595
Owner's Manual
Chart 1: Correspondence between MIDI Note Numbers and
| Percussion Sounds
Note Name Instrument Name MIDI Note Number Note Name Instrument Name MIDI Note Number
C1 C#3
CH D3 HIHAT OPEN 59
D1 D#3
D#1 E3 HIHAT FOOT 80
El BASS DRUM REVERB 36 F3 CRASH CYMBAL 60
F1 BASS DRUM LO 44 F#3
F#1 G3 SPLASH CYMBAL 61
G1 BASS DRUM Hi 45 G#3
G#1 A3 RIDE CYMBAL EDGE 63
A1 TOM BASS 47 A#3
AH B3 SYNTH TOM BASS 40
B1 TOMLO 48 C4 SYNTH TOM LO 41
C2 TOM MID 50 C#4
C#2 D4 SYNTH TOM MID 42
D2 TOM HI 53 D#4
D#2 E4 SYNTH TOM HI 43
E2 SNARE GATED REVERB 81 F4 SYNTH SNARE 38
| F2 SNARE LO 52 F#4
F#2 G4
; G2 SNARE Hi 49 G#4
| GR A4
A2 RIM SHOT 2 51 Aña
Año B4
B2 RIM SHOT 1 48 C5
C3 HIHAT CLOSED 57 C#5
Chart 2: Correspondence between MIDI Program Change
Numbers and PortaSound Standard Voices
Voice MIDI Voice MIDI Voice MIDI
Number Voice Name Program | Number Voice Name Program | Number Voice Name Program
Number Number Number
00 PIANO 3 34 MUTE TRUMPET ECHO 106 68 ANGEL 55
01 ELECTRIC PIANO 1 5 35 TROMBONE 16 69 ELECTRIC BASS 38
02 ELECTRIC PIANO 2 54 36 HORN 17 70 SLAP BASS 39
03 HONKY-TONK PIANO 25 37 FLUGELHORN 87 71 FRETLESS BASS 80
04 CELESTA 6 38 BRASS ENSEMBLE 92 72 WOOD BASS 1 14
05 PIPE ORGAN 29 39 CLARINET 19 73 WOOD BASS 2 81
06 REED ORGAN 49 40 FLUTE 20 74 SYNTH BASS 58
07 JAZZ ORGAN 1 1 41 PICCOLO 89 75 TIMPANI 66
08 JAZZ ORGAN 2 2 42 SAX 18 76 PERCUSSIONS 100
09 JAZZ ORGAN 3 27 43 WOODWIND ENSEMBLE 93 7 HARMONICA 22
10 TREMOLO ORGAN 28 44 SYNTH BRASS 1 0 78 MUSIC BOX 24
11 ACCORDION 31 45 SYNTH BRASS 2 82 79 ORCHESTRA HIT 90
12 ELECTRIC GUITAR 68 46 SYNTH FLUTE 1 95 80 E. BASS/BRASS ENS. 111
13 TREMOLO GUITAR 69 47 SYNTH FLUTE 2 47 81 E. BASS/CELESTA 126
14 MUTE GUITAR 70 48 SYNTH FLUTE 3 88 82 E. BASS/FANTASY 127
15 E. GUITAR FLANGE 104 49 SYNTH REED 1 45 83 E. BASS/STRINGS 124
16 E. GUITAR ECHO 107 50 SYNTH REED 2 85 84 E. BASS/SYNTH REED 116
17 MUTE GUITAR ECHO 105 51 SYNTH REED 3 13 85 W. BASS/12STRING GUITAR 123
18 JAZZ GUITAR 12 52 SYNTH REED 4 23 86 W. BASS/BANJO 112
19 JAZZ GUITAR ECHO 71 53 SYNTH STRINGS 1 51 87 W. BASS/E. PIANO 109
20 FOLK GUITAR 36 54 SYNTH STRINGS 2 101 88 W. BASS/E. ORGAN 114
21 12 STRING GUITAR 72 55 SYNTH STRINGS 3 103 89 W. BASS/MUTE TRUMPET 125
22 STEEL GUITAR 33 56 SYNTH STRINGS 4 56 90 W. BASS/PIANO 108
23 VIOLIN 1 10 57 SYNTH PIANO 1 60 91 W. BASS/SAX 115
24 VIOLIN 2 67 58 SYNTH PIANO 2 102 92 W. BASS/VIBRAPHONE 122
25 CELLO 11 59 SYNTH PIANO 3 9 93 SLAP BASS/BRASS ENS. 110
26 STRINGS 1 41 60 SYNTH PIANO 4 4 94 SLAP BASS/E. GUITAR 113
27 STRINGS 2 50 61 SYNTH PIANO 5 53 95 SLAP BASS/SYNTH PIANO 121
28 BANJO 34 62 SYNTH PIZZICATO 78 96 PIANO/SAX 118
29 VIBRAHONE 7 63 SYNTH MARIMBA 59 97 PIANO/ TRUMPET 119
30 GLOCKENSPIEL 32 64 SYNTH CHORUS 1 94 98 STRINGS/CLARINET 120
31 TRUMPET 15 65 SYNTH CHORUS 2 96 99 STRINGS/FLUTE 117
32 MUTE TRUMPET 44 66 SYNTH PAN VOICE 98
33 TRUMPET ECHO 83 67 FANTASY 64
37
| Iroubleshooting
Symptom
make a “pop” noise.
When POWER switched ON speakers
Initial Electric Current flows.
Don't worry (not a problem).
No sound coming from speakers.
MASTER VOLUME or the value of
Voice Effects VOLUME is turned
down.
Turn up the MASTER VOLUME, or
the value of Voice Effects VOLUME.
The value for VOLUME
(of Voice Effects) is assigned to <0>.
Set the value other than <0>.
HEADPHONES/AUX. OUT Terminal
has a jack plugged into it.
Remove the jack.
ll
When you press multiple keys, there
are notes which are not sounded.
different.
Depending on the mode (Auto
Accompaniment, etc.),
the amount of notes voiced are
Don't worry, you can play up to 28
notes simultaneously in Normal
mode.
You are playing with a Voice which
consist of some notes. For example,
with a Voice made of 4 notes, you can
play up to 7 notes at a time (4 by 7
equals 28: maximum notes).
This is not a problem. Lessen the
notes you play at a time.
Cannot change the Voice or Rhythm Style.
The VOICE or STYLE button has not
been pressed first.
See page 8 or 12 and read
instructions.
Cannot get Rhythm Sounds.
START button of ACCOMPANIMENT
CONTROL is not pressed.
After pressing the SYNCHRO START
button or Keys have not been
pushed (when you are in Normal
mode).
After pressing the SYNCHRO START
button, the keys for Auto Accom-
paniment have not been
pushed (when using Auto Accom-
paniment function).
Make sure of the instructions on F
L
I
pages 13 thru 19.
Cannot get Auto Accompaniment sounds.
Because you are in Normal mode.
Assign FINGERING mode to obtain
desired Auto Accompaniment.
Cannot play the Chord you want while
pressing the keys when using Auto
Accompaniment.
You might be trying to play a Fingered
Chord when you're in Single Finger
mode, or in the opposite case.
Change either your fingering or the
Fingering mode.
Abnormally works or malfunctions.
Any unfamiliar status found.
Cannot control the PSS-595 any longer.
The PortaSound's internal micro-
computer may have been “locked up”
by Static Electricity or other factors.
Step 1: Turn the PortaSound OFF.
Step 2: Then press the SINGLE FINGER
and FINGERED buttons simultaneously and
hold them down, and turn the POWER ON.
This operation is called “All Reset”, and
brings the PSS-595 to the status when
shipped. But remember this operation will
clear the whole data in the Song Memory.
38
rr
¡Warning Messages
Owner's Manual
| Battery Change: Channel Full:
Ifyou plays the PortaSound without cease, you may hear While Transmitting or Receiving the MIDI performance
the sounds distorted. This is why batteries’ voitage is information, or even playing on the Keyboard, if the total
| E lowered. If you go on using the PortaSound, <bt chn> amount of notes on Channels 1 — 16 exceeds 28 (:
indication will be shown in the STYLE/VOICE display and Maximum of sound reproduction), the STYLE/VOICE
MULTI DISPLAY. In this case, change all of 6 batteries at a display and MULTI DISPLAY will go on reading <Ch Full>
time. Be sure not to use the different type(s) of batteries until the total amount of notes is reduced under 28.
— together.
STYLE/VOICE MULTI DISPLAY STYLE/VOICE MULT! DISPLAY
—) En Me EFI
8 LIL, CEE, oo) EL, 4
— Buffer Full: Check Sum Error: |
| Е While the PSS-595 is Receiving the MIDI performance While the PSS-595 is Receiving the “System Exclusive
Information from an external Master device, in case the Message” (: the same data as the PSS-595 transmits in
quantity of MIDI information is over that the PSS-595 can Memory Bulk Dump; General name for this kind of data in
process at a time, it will show <bu full> in the STYLE/ MIDI Standard), if the indication <Err> is shown in the |
— VOICE display and MULT! DISPLAY for a second. MULTI DISPLAY, this means the Receiver PSS-595 failed |
Simultaneously, the notes currently sounding will to Receive the Exclusive data. In this case, specified |
| E automatically stop. Should this occur, lessen the MIDI Factory Preset data corresponding to the Exclusive data
information from the Master. missed will be applied automatically.
STYLE/VOICE MULTI DISPLAY MULTI DISPLAY
! RT ETICA E E 0
cL mi LIT, С LIL,
ome Lvoice jm нати mm
+
19
Memory Full:
While using the Song Memory function, if <Full> indication
is shown, this means the memory capacity of the Song
Memory has been reached. At this time, Recording will be
automatically stop and Bar indication in the SONG#/
MEASURE display turns to <001>. If you wish to go on
Recording, you have to Clear the Recorded data by Track.
(See page 27 for Clear function.)
MULTI DISPLAY
= Е)
МЫ,
AUTO ACCOMP. BEAT
39
Maintenance
® Location
Avoid exposure to direct sunlight or other sources of heat.
Never leave it inside a car where it can get very hot. It
may cause discoloration or deformation. Vibration,
excessive dust, cold, low or high humidity can also cause
malfunction.
® Handling
Avoid rough handling. Don’t drop or jolt the PortaSound
as this can damage the internal circuitry. Pressing too
hard on keys or controls may lead to malfunctions. When
cords are plugged into the rear panel jacks, pay particular
attention not to apply excessive force to them since this
may damage the terminals.
® Adaptors
Use only the power adaptor described in the POWER
section. Disconnect the AC adaptor when not using your
PortaSound.
e Batteries
* When not using your PortaSound for long periods, be
sure to remove the batteries to avoid damage through
battery leakage.
* Replace weak batteries before they run down completely.
* Always replace all batteries with new ones. |
* Do not use different kinds of batteries at the same time.
* In case electrolyte has leaked into the battery
compartment, wipe it off completely before installing new
batteries.
® Cleaning
Clean the exterior with a soft, dry cloth. Using chemical
solvents will damage the finish.
® Interference Through Electromagnetic Fields
Do not use your PortaSound close to television sets or
other equipment receiving electromagnetic signals as this
could cause interference noise in the other appliance.
® Service and Modifications
Your PortaSound contains no user serviceable parts.
Opening it or tampering with it in any way can lead to
electrical shock as well as damage. Of course, any
resulting damage will not longer be repaired free of
charge. Refer all servicing to qualified YAMAHA
personnel.
YAMAHA is NOT responsible for damage caused by
improper use.
Specifications
Keyboard 49 half-sized keys (C1-C5)
Master Controls Power switch, Master Volume,
Demo Start/Stop button
Voices 100 AWM Voices
Styles 50 Basic Rhythm Styles and
Arrangements
Style/Voice Select Number buttons, (0-9, +/-)
Style/Voice buttons, Style/Voice
Display
Multi Display Increment/Decrement buttons
Voice Effects Harmony (On/Off), Volume, Sustain,
Reverb buttons.
Overall Controls Tempo, Transpose, Tuning buttons
MIDI Controls Keyboard Transmit Channel,
Memory Bulk Dump buttons,
Receive Channel/Clock/BOOST,
Receive
On/Off buttons
Song Memory Song Memory LED, Song# button,
Play/Stop button, Play/Stop
button, Melody Rec button, Chord
Rec button
40
Auto
Accompaniment
Single Finger/Fingered buttons for
Fingering Assign, Intro/Large/Bridge
buttons for Orchestration Start/Stop,
Fill to Normal, Fill to Bridge, Synchro
Start/Ending buttons for
Accompaniment Control
т
Terminals MID! OUT, MIDI IN,HEADPHONES/ oo
AUX. OUT (stereo), DC 9-12V IN
Amplifiers 2W x 2
Speakers 10cm x 2 (4 ohms)
Power Source DC 9V
(6 batteries: 1.5V SUM-2, R-14)
AC power adaptor:
PA-3, PA-4, PA-40
Dimensions 668mm (W) x 265mm (D) x 83mm
(H)
Weight 2.5 kg (without batteries)
Optional Items PA-3, PA-4, PA-40 AC power
adaptor
YAMAHA reserves the right to make design and specification
changes in the interests of product improvement without
prior notice.
r
Owner's Manual
Appendix: Bulk Data Format
In addition to an explanation on page 34, in this section you have detailed information about the Bulk Data Format for the
PortaSound.
HEADER and EOX
0000H |1 1110000 Status=FOH
01000011 Manufactuerer ID=43H (Yamaha)
01110110 Classification ID=76H (Portable Keyboard)
00001000 Data Format Number=08H (PSS-595)
us Song Memory
| 0 Data — (See next page.)
Occeccceccecl Check Sum Data=Two’s compliment of 7 bits sum of all Songs
11110111 EOX=F7H
41
SONG MEMORY DATA Note: following data bytes are to be divided into 4 bit bit data and sent as less
significant 4 bits of data part. Significant 4 bits are sent first.
0000H SONG HEADER 0000H Less significant byte (LSB)
aausasasess Add f T f
song #1 Data 0001H Most significant byte (MSB) | ress of Top of Record for selected song (XXXXH)
song #2 Data | 0002H LSB ML " а
OE2EH song #3 Data 0003H MSE vv on Pointer (address of write position) |
0004H LSB ei , аа
Song Memory data consists of 0005H MSB W” aay Se Pointer (address of read position)
a Song Header and 3 song 0006H Track status of song #1
data. The size is OF2FH bytes 0007H Track status of song 42
fixed. 008H Track status of song #3 Track status:
The length of a header, 32
bytes from the top of song data
bit 7 |bit6 |bit5 ¡bit 4 |bit3 bit 2 |bit1 |bit0
IS fixed. The length of each Dummy MELODY — — — — — — CHORD
song data is variable. An Any data is OK. Ch5 - - - - - - |
unrecorded area, which is the (23 bytes) status flag: 1=On, 0=0ff
area between Write Position
Data and Read Position Data,
is located somewhere in one of
these 3 song data as long as
there remains a capacity for
further recording. When the
bulk data is damped, this
unrecorded area exists in the
song which has been selected
by the PSS-595 panel controls.
However, once you upload the
bulk data back onto the PSS-
595, the position of the area will
be reset to the top of the song.
MIDI Channel 5 is assigned to the MELODY track
as shown above. In case Channel messages
exist in the track, its status flag should be 1. In à €
case chord data exist in the CHORD track, its "
status flag should also be 1.
11110000
00000001
ABSOLUTE TEMPO
ABSOLUTE TEMPO
Top of Record |
Song number (4) (this case: 1)
here Initial tempo of this song
RECORDED DATA
Write Position Data
UNRECORDED AREA € «
Data has no meaning. -
Read Position Data
2222H | | я 111 0010
End of Record
11110000
Next Song Data
(this case: for Song #2)
ON
42
Owner's Manual
CONTENTS OF EACH SONG DATA
Note: Header and Footer must exist in a song data even when the song data has no contents.
~ HEADER
TOR 11110000] TopofRecord
OO000rrr! rrr=Song number (: 0-2)
O FI] 1111111 = Тетро1
Chhhhhhh hhhhhhh = Tempo2
Tempo = Tempo1 (40sTempo=127)
Tempo = Tempo1+Tempo2 (128<Tempo=240)
FOOTER
EOR 11110010 EndofRecord
M} QTERVAL DATA
(O0DDDDDDD) DDDDDDD = Time Length (0000001=1/24 Beat)
(0011000=1 Beat)
— PERFORMANCE DATA
NOTE ON 1001nnnn nnnn=MIDI Channel (: 0-15)
0 KK k k k k ki kkkkkkk = Note number (: 0-127)
* Velocity data is not acceptable.
NOTEOFF {1 0 0 O nn nn nnnn=MIDI Channel (: 0-15)
OK k k k k k ki kkkkkkk = Note number (; 0-127)
i PROGRAM (1 1 0 0 nn nn| nnnn=MDIChannel (: 0-15)
> § cHAnGE OPPPPPPPp ppppppp= Program number (: 0-127)
CONTROL [101 1nnnn nnnn=MIDI Channel (: 0-15)
CHANGE OC CCCCCC *cccccec = Harmony (: 00)
Ovvvvvwvvv vwwwwv = Harmony type (: 0-5) 0=Duet 1=Trio
2=Block 3=Country
4=Octave 5=Strum
* CCCCCCC = Modulation (: 01)
vvwvvvv = depth (: 0-127)
* eccecec = Volume (: 07)
VVVVVVV = value (: 0-127)
* ccecece = Sustain (: 64)
vvvvvvy = depth (: 0-127)
* ссссссс = Вемет (: 91)
vvwvvvv = depth (: 0-127)
PITCH BEND CHANGE
10 nn n n|nnnn=MIDI Channel (0-15)
[ 1 1 7 1 | IIIIITI=LSB
h h h h h h| hhhhhhh = MSB
[111111], hhhhhhh: 00, 00
(-1 octave)
00, 64
(center)
127,127
(+1 octave)
CHORD CHANGE
1
1 0 1] Chord Change
n n nj nann= Root name (: 0-11, 0; C,
1; C#....11; B)
0000 ttt t]jtttt=Chordtype (:0-11)
0: major
: minor
: 7th
: minor 7th
: major 7th
: minor 7th flatted 5th
: (7th) suspended 4th
> augmented
: diminished (7th)
: minor major 7th
: minor 6th
: Single (octave unison)
1110
0 00 n
>|
— QO 004004 OQN =
— —
MEASURE MARK
1111001 Measure Mark
_b b b b b b b) bbbbbbb=number of beat in a
measure (1 beat=1/4 note)
Ommmmmmm| mmmmmmm=measure number
within a pattern
of =
44
STYLE NUMBER
111110 1 0] Style number
00000000]
|0 0 $ $ 5 5 5 s]| ssssss = Style (: 0-49)
0 000 0 v vv vw =variation
0: Normal
1: Bridge
2: Fill-in 1
3: Fill-in 2
4: Intro
5: Ending
RELATIVE TEMPO
(1 1 4 1.1 O 1 1) Relative Tempo
0s 00 0 0 0 nj s:sign bit (1: minus)
[0h h h h h h h| hhhhhhh = tempo difference
(0-127) " €
Relative Tempo
= 128*n+hhhhhhh
ABSOLUTE TEMPO
1111110 0] Absolute Tempo
0 / 1 1 1 I 1 I] Tempo = WM (40stempo=127)
0h hh hhhh] = lll!+hhhhhhh
(128=temp0=240)
FILL-IN STATUS
=
1 11 0 1] Fill-ln Status
0 0 00 n| s:1=0n, 0=0ff
n: Fill-In number
(0: Fill to Normal, 1: Fill to Bridge, a
CO || mb
1
S
o
ORCHESTRATION
1
0
1111 11 0| Orchestration
0 00 00 n n| nn=Orchestration type
(01: Large, 10: Large Off)
YAMAHA [ PortaSound | Date : 12/1 1990
Model PSS-595 MIDI Implementation Chart Version : 1.0
: : Transmitted : Recognized : Remarks
: Function ... + Manual / Accomp / Rhythm : :
: Basic Default : 1 / 10-15 / 16: 1-16
: Channel Changed : 1-16 : 1-16 (*1) :
Default : 3 (*2) ‘ 3 (*3) ‘
: Mode Messages : X : X :
Altered EEE EEE EEE EEE EEE EEE ES X :
: Note . 0-127 (*4) : 0-127
: Number : True voice : ETE EELLLL LLL ELL ED 0-127 :
: Velocity Note on : X InH, v=1-127(*5) : o 9nH, v=1-127 :
: Note off : X 9nH : Xx 9nH / 8nH :
; After Key s : X : X :
: Touch Ch s : X : X
- Pitch Bender х 0 : 1 bit resolution
; 1 0 о(*6) © MODULATION
: Control 7 0 O : VOLUME
: Change 64 о о (*6) : DAMPER (SUSTAIN)
: 91 0
o(*6) : REVERB DEPTH
: (VOICE EFFECTS)
: Program . o(*1) . o 0-127(*8)
: Change : True % cok RRR RRR kkk kkk kk kk 0-99 . ;
: System Exclusive : O : О : ;
: + } + —+
: System : Song pos : X : X :
: Song Sel : X : X
: Common : Tune : X : X
: System : Clock : о : o(*9) :
@ ***' Time : Commands О о : START, STOP
2 + | —+
: Aux =: Local ON/OFF :
: All Notes OFF :
: Mes- : Active Sense
: sages : Reset
pe CO о
XK ox
l i |
1 F T
* + т - ow [a
*1: Possible to set ON/OFF individually on each channel (: 1-16ch).
*2: Multi-timbre.
*3: Multi-timbre by Dynamic Voice Allocation.
*4: Keys; 12-96, While the Song Memory data are being played back; 0-127.
*5: Manual; Fixed value 7FH when performed by pressing Keys or Pads.
With Velocity Boost function active, Value is fixed to 70H.
Accomp. ; Various values. |
Recorded value when Song Memory is played back.
*6: Not received by every VOICE selected.
*7: A VOICE nunmber transmitted after converted to the corresponding Program Change number according
to PortaSound Standard Voice Number.
*8: Received according to PortaSound Standard Voice Number. Ignores the Message based on Ch. 16.
*9: Possible to set ON/OFF manually.
+ т + * ч"
L
Mode 1: OMNI ON, POLY Mode 2: OMNI ON, MONO 0: YES
Mode 3: OMNI OFF, POLY Mode 4: OMNI OFF, MONO x: No 177
YAMAHA
YAMAHA CORPORATION
PO Box 1, Hamamatsu, Japan
@ KEON VLOSIdO Рип 3 Japan
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