Whirlpool | WED90HEFC | Installation Venting | Whirlpool WED85HEFW Installation Venting

Table of Contents
DRYER SAFETY....................................................................................................................................1
INSTALLATION REQUIREMENTS ......................................................................................................4
Venting Requirements .......................................................................................................................5
DRYER INSPECTION AND CLEANING ..............................................................................................7
Frequency of Exhaust System Cleaning ...........................................................................................7
Inspecting the Exhaust System .........................................................................................................7
If you are installing a gas dryer, it is recommended that the owner post, in a prominent location, instructions for the customer’s use in
the event the customer smells gas. This information should be obtained from your local gas supplier.
Post the following warning in a prominent location.
Local codes and ordinances that exist must also be met. Consult
your local building inspector for more information.
WARNING: To reduce the risk of fire, this dryer MUST BE
NOTE: This guide is intended to aid licensed HVAC or
Architectural Engineers who design single and multi-dryer unit
venting systems for Whirlpool Corporation dryers sold in the
United States. Whirlpool Corporation provides required airflow
and back pressure specifications, measured at the connection
between the vent system and the dryer’s vent pipe, for use in the
design of dryer vent systems. Whirlpool does not design multidryer vent systems, nor does Whirlpool review or provide
approvals for vent systems designed by third-party engineering
A normal towel load contains some residual water when it is
removed from the washer. The dryer must remove this water and
discharge it from the drum. When the dryer is not exhausted
outside, this moist air will be recirculated through the dryer,
reducing its efficiency.
Exhausting moisture into the room can also cause damage to
walls, floors, picture hangers, and cause condensation on
windows and walls in cold weather.
Even though the dryer is equipped with a lint screen, fine particles
of lint will pass through the screen and be exhausted out of the
dryer. Proper venting of the dryer will keep lint from accumulating
in the laundry area.
In order to remove moisture from the garments in the dryer, heat is
generated to vaporize the water. Exhausting the dryer outdoors
removes excess heat from the laundry area of the building.
Outside Exhaust
The four basic reasons for exhausting a dryer outdoors are
detailed in this section:
1. To meet codes requirements.
2. To remove moisture from laundry area.
3. To avoid lint accumulation in laundry area.
4. To remove excess heat from laundry area.
Codes Requirements
The following codes should be reviewed to ensure dryer vent
systems are in compliance:
1. International Mechanical Code: 2009 version, sections 504
and 913.
2. National Fuel Gas Code.
3. UL 2158 Electric Clothes Dryer Standard references venting
4. ANSI Z21.5.1 - Gas Clothes Dryers.
5. Other sections of these codes may also apply to multi-dryer
vent systems.
There are other codes requiring dryers to be exhausted when
installed in confined spaces where specified clearances from
combustible surfaces cannot be met. See the Installation
Instructions for the specific dryer model being used or considered
for spacing requirements.
Central Exhaust System Requirements
The following guidelines should be considered in the design of
any central exhaust system:
■ Exhaust individual dryers to the central exhaust duct system
with proper size vents to assure adequate performance of
each dryer. The dryer has 4" (102 mm) exhaust duct
connections. Connect each dryer to the central vent with a 4"
(102 mm) diameter aluminum vent.
Install weighted dampers on each individual dryer exhaust
duct. These dampers may be used for balancing out the
overall duct system.
Design the central duct system for sufficient capacity to
handle the maximum number of dryers operated at one time.
Consider moisture, lint and air temperature in the design of the
central duct system. Maximum exhaust temperature of the
dryer will not exceed 200°F (93.3°C) when the dryer is
operated according to the instructions provided with the dryer.
Provide for periodic inspection and clean-out of lint
accumulated in the central duct system.
Exhaust System Requirements
Venting systems for Whirlpool dryers must meet the following
■ The capacity to handle up to 230 CFM (cubic feet per minute)
of air flow for each dryer in the system.
A minimum back pressure of -0.1" (-2.5 mm) water column
(vacuum) when measured at the connection to the dryer.
Provide maximum back pressure, based on the maximum
rated vent length shown in the Installation Instructions
included with dryer. Maximum Allowable Back Pressure chart
lists maximum rated vent length and back pressure.
The minimum duct air velocity during normal operating
conditions should be at least 1,200 FPM (feet per minute) to
keep lint moving through the vent. (In a 4" (102 mm) diameter
pipe, this requires at least 105 CFM of air flow.)
Measuring and Verifying Actual System Back Pressure
Back pressure should be measured with an empty dryer, a clean
lint screen and with the dryer operating in the Air Only cycle
(no heat). Use an inclined manometer, such as Dwyer model
102 (0"-2" [0 mm - 51 mm] range) or Dwyer model 172
(0"-1" [0 mm - 25 mm] range) to measure the Back Pressure.
See the following illustration.
A. Dryer - empty and running on Air Only cycle
B. 12" (305 mm) min. of straight pipe - measure
back pressure from the center
C. To vent system
D. Location on back pressure measurement
E. Inclined manometer
Maximum Allowable Back Pressure for Dryer
Maximum Rated Vent
Length without 90° Elbows
(determined from product
36-37 ft
64 ft
100 ft
120 ft
130 ft
Maximum Allowable
Back pressure at connection
to dryer (no clothes loaded
and clean lint screen)
0.40" Water Column
0.60" Water Column
0.80" Water Column
1.00" Water Column
1.10" Water Column
Additional Elbows
In cases in which the Installation Instructions do not address the
vent length for the specific number of elbows required for a
particular application, the following calculations may be used.
(The total vent system length includes all straight and curved
portions of the vent system.):
■ For 90° elbows, reduce the allowable vent system length by
10 ft (3.05 m).
For 45° elbows, reduce the allowable vent system length by
6 ft (1.83 m).
For example, if the Installation Instructions state that a dryer is
allowed 40 ft (12.2 m) of total vent length with two 90° bends, and
the installation requires three 90° bends, the total allowable vent
length would be reduced by 10 ft (3.0 m) (from 40 ft [12.2 m] to
30 ft [9.1 m]).
Dryer Airflow
The airflow of a dryer depends on the design of the exhaust vent.
Each dryer model has a maximum rated vent length, shown in the
product literature that is supplied with each model, or on the
Whirlpool.com website. The exhaust airflow of any Whirlpool
produced dryer at the maximum rated vent length is at least
105 CFM. The maximum airflow is 230 CFM. This includes
standard vent and long vent dryer models.
Codes Agency Approvals
All Whirlpool electric dryer models, including “long vent dryers,”
Turbo Vent™ dryers and combo washer/dryer units that are sold
in the United States and Canada are UL listed (reference UL 2158
standard), and all Whirlpool gas dryer models are CSA listed
(reference ANSI Z21.5.1 standard). These standards require
testing at the maximum-rated exhaust vent conditions that are
published in the product literature for each individual model. The
designation for the UL or CSA listing can be found on or adjacent
to the serial label on the product.
Dryer Closet Installations
Closets used for dryer installation must provide multiple openings
to allow air to flow through the dryer and around the dryer to
dissipate heat. Any dryer enclosure or room that does not have an
inlet and outlet for an operating forced air HVAC system is
considered a closet, and requires room venting. The room venting
can be installed into the walls of the dryer enclosure, as well as
the door, provided it will not be blocked after the dryer is installed.
Refer to the product literature for minimum clearances between
the product and the enclosure surfaces. Refer to ANSI Z21.5.1
section 2.14.1.
Recommended room venting and spacing
for non-stacked installations
Single Dryer Venting Systems
Single dryer venting systems are defined as systems that have
only one dryer unit attached to a residential-type 4" (102 mm)
diameter rigid metal vent system. For single dryer venting
systems, see the Installation Instructions for the specific dryer
model being used or considered to determine the allowable length
and number of elbows for the venting system.
A. Side view - closet or confined area
B. Closet door with vents
*Required spacing
Installation spacing for recessed area or closet
The dimensions shown are for the minimum spacing allowed.
■ Additional spacing should be considered for ease of
installation and servicing.
Additional clearances might be required for wall, door, and
floor moldings.
Additional spacing of 1" (25 mm) on all sides of the dryer is
recommended to reduce noise transfer.
For closet installation, with a door, minimum ventilation
openings near the top and bottom of the door are required.
Louvered doors with equivalent ventilation openings are
Companion appliance spacing should also be considered.
Recommended room venting and installation spacing for
recessed or closet installation, with stacked washer
and dryer
48 in.2 *
(310 cm2)
3"* (76 mm)
Multiple Dryer Venting Systems
Multiple dryer venting systems must be designed specifically for
each application.
NOTE: It is recommended that an architectural or HVAC
engineering firm be consulted for designing the dryer venting
Connecting a number of dryers to a single vent system is
common in coin-laundry stores and in many apartment
buildings. Listed here are some requirements for examples
of three different multiple dryer venting systems.
Option 1 - Horizontal System
The most common is the horizontal system, in which banks of
dryers are all located in one room and vented through a common
duct. See the following illustration for an example of a generic
horizontal system.
3"* (76 mm)
24 in. *
(155 cm2)
1"* (25 mm)
*Recommended spacing.
“AF” Code
Certain electronic dryer models have airflow detection
capabilities. (See specific model product literature for details). If
the airflow in the dryer is extremely low, an “AF” code will be
displayed on the control panel. For single dryer venting systems,
this code means that you may have a blocked or partially blocked
vent or that your overall vent system length is too long. To resolve
this issue:
■ Check to see if the vent run from the dryer to the wall is
crushed. Refer to the “Venting Requirements” section of
the Use and Care Guide for more information.
Confirm that the vent run from the dryer to the wall is free
of lint and debris.
Confirm that the exterior vent exhaust hood is free of lint
and debris.
Confirm that your vent system falls within the
recommended run length and number of elbows
for the type of vent you are using. Refer to the “Plan
Vent System” section of the Use and Care Guide for
Select a Timed Dry heated cycle, and restart the dryer.
If the message persists, have your entire home venting run
A. 4" (102 mm) diameter rigid metal back draft damper
*Minimum spacing required between dryers
Option 2 - Vertical System
The vertical system is used in some apartment buildings that have
a washer and dryer on each floor. Each dryer is exhausted into the
same central vertical duct. See the following illustration for an
example of a generic vertical system.
For multi-dryer venting systems, the “AF” code means that your
vent may be blocked or partially blocked or that the venting
system is creating back pressure in excess of the maximum
allowed. In this case, the engineering firm that designed the
system should be consulted.
A. Maximum back pressure measurement location
B. Weighted dampers
C. Individual dryer exhaust - on each floor
D. 0.1" (2.5 mm) water column maximum vacuum
E. Main duct
F. Barometric damper (use depends on exhaust
system design)
G. Source of outside air
Option 3 - Combination System
The combination system may be used in high-rise apartments,
with a bank of dryers installed at several different levels. Each of
these banks then exhausts into a central vertical vent. See the
following illustration for an example of a combination system.
Frequency of Exhaust System Cleaning
Every exhaust system must be inspected periodically and cleaned
to ensure that it is intact and free from lint accumulation. The
frequency of these inspections will vary, depending on the system
and usage of the dryer. For single-family usage, an annual
inspection is recommended. In commercial usage or in multiple
dryer systems, a more frequent inspection is recommended.
Complaints of long drying times or a hot dryer top indicate the
need for inspection of the exhaust system.
Inspecting the Exhaust System
1. Disconnect the exhaust duct from the dryer and from the
exhaust hood (at the exhaust outlet) outside of the building.
2. Inspect the interior of the duct and remove any lint
■ Be sure that lint is removed from the exhaust hood. Lint
may collect in the exhaust hood so that the flappers or
louvers will not open or close completely.
A. Central vertical duct - maximum of
0.1" (2.5 mm) water column vacuum
B. Weighted damper (each dryer)
C. Maximum back pressure measurement
D. Barometric damper (use depends on
exhaust system design)
E. Outside air source
After cleaning the exhaust hood, check that the flapper or
louvers move freely.
3. Reassemble the exhaust duct and hood, checking that the
joints are secure.
4. Operate the dryer and verify that the exhaust air is not
obstructed in the vent and that there are no leaks in the
■ Seal any leaks found.
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