Trade-Wind | VSL430-0-BF | Installation guide | Trade-Wind VSL430-0-BF Installation guide

INSTALLATION INSTRUCTIONS &
USE & CARE GUIDE
Trade-Wind® VSL 400 Series Liners
For Remote/In-Line Blowers
VSL 400 Series Liner Models
Model
Width
CFM
Type of
Motor &
Blower
VSL430BF
VSL436BF
VSL442BF
VSL448BF
VSL454BF
VSL460BF
28 /8‖
3
34 /8‖
3
40 /8‖
3
46 /8‖
3
52 /8‖
3
58 /8‖
3
*
*
*
*
*
*
Remote
Remote
Remote
Remote
Remote
Remote
*These models connect to an In-Line, Roof or
Wall-Mounted Remote Blower. The blower used
determines the CFM. The Trade-Wind In-Line blowers
are either 836 CFM or 1266 CFM.
Before beginning installation, please thoroughly read and become familiar with these instructions. Installation and
service must be completed by a qualified installer. Failure to properly install this product may void the warranty.
Installer:
Owner:
Please leave Installation Instructions with the range hood liner.
Please keep Installation Instructions for local electrical inspector’s use and for future reference.
WARNINGS: Must be followed carefully to avoid personal injury.
IMPORTANT: Must be followed carefully to avoid damage or incorrect installation.
TIPS: Contain helpful information to facilitate installation.
READ AND SAVE THESE INSTRUCTIONS
WARNING! TO REDUCE THE RISK OF FIRE, ELECTRICAL SHOCK, OR INJURY TO
PERSONS OBSERVE THE FOLLOWING:
a) Use this unit only in the manner intended by the manufacturer. If you have any questions, please contact the
manufacturer at the address or telephone number listed in the warranty.
b) Before servicing or cleaning unit, switch power off at service panel, lock service panel, and lock the service
disconnection means to prevent power from being switched on accidentally. When the service disconnecting
means cannot be locked, securely fasten a prominent warning device, such as a tag, to the service panel.
CAUTION
-- For general ventilating use only. Do not use to exhaust hazardous or explosive materials and vapors.
WARNING – TO REDUCE THE RISK OF A RANGE TOP GREASE FIRE:
a) Never leave surface units unattended at high settings. Boilovers cause smoking and greasy spillovers that may
ignite. Heat oils slowly on low or medium settings.
Revised 6/11/18
Copyright © 2018 Trade-Wind Manufacturing, LLC
Proverbs 22:29
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b) Always turn hood ON when cooking at high heat or when flambeing food (i.e. Crepes Suzette, Cherries Jubilee,
Peppercorn Beef Flambe’).
c) Clean ventilating fans frequently. Grease should not be allowed to accumulate on fan or filter.
d) Use proper pan size. Always use cookware appropriate for the size of the surface element.
WARNING! TO REDUCE THE RISK OF INJURY TO PERSONS IN THE EVENT OF A
RANGE TOP GREASE FIRE, OBSERVE THE FOLLOWING:
a) SMOTHER FLAMES with a close-fitting lid, cookie sheet, or metal tray, then turn off the burner. BE CAREFUL
TO PREVENT BURNS. If the flames do not go out immediately, EVACUATE AND CALL THE FIRE
DEPARTMENT.
b) NEVER PICK UP A FLAMING PAN—YOU MAY BE BURNED.
c) DO NOT USE WATER, including wet dishcloths or towels. A violent steam explosion will result.
d) Use an extinguisher ONLY if:
1. You know you have a Class ABC extinguisher and you already know how to operate it.
2. The fire is small and contained in the area where it started.
3. The fire department is being called.
4. You can fight the fire with your back to an exit.
Recommendations:
1. Consult a licensed ventilation contractor or qualified technician for proper installation of exhaust ducting.
Locate the cooking area for minimum cross drafts-away from doors and windows, when possible.
2. Ducts must be of adequate size and duct runs should be as short as possible. Where turns are necessary,
keep turning radius as large and as smooth as possible.
3. The ducting must be air tight. Use a minimum of 2 sheet metal screws at every duct joint. Then, seal the duct
joints with high quality duct tape.
4. Do not use this unit with any solid-state speed control device.
5. This unit must be grounded.
INSTALLATION INSTRUCTIONS
WARNING – TO REDUCE THE RISK OF FIRE, ELECTRIC SHOCK, OR INJURY TO
PERSONS, OBSERVE THE FOLLOWING:
a) Installation work and electrical wiring must be done by qualified person(s) in accordance with all applicable
codes and standards, including fire-rated construction codes and standards.
b) Sufficient air is needed for proper combustion and exhausting of gasses through the flue (chimney) of fuel
burning equipment to prevent back drafting. Follow the heating equipment manufacturer's guidelines and safety
standards such as those published by the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) and the American Society
for Heating, Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE) and the local code authorities.
c) When cutting or drilling into wall or ceiling, do not damage electrical wiring and other hidden utilities.
d) Ducted fans must always be vented to the outdoor.
WARNING -- TO REDUCE THE RISK OF FIRE, USE ONLY METAL DUCTWORK.
CAUTION –To reduce the risk of fire and to properly exhaust air, be sure to duct air outside –
Do not vent exhaust air into spaces within walls, ceilings, cabinets or into attics, crawl spaces, or garages.
Revised 6/11/18
Copyright © 2018 Trade-Wind Manufacturing, LLC
Proverbs 22:29
Page 2
CAUTION – To reduce the risk of fire and electric shock, install this (range hood) only with. Remote
Blower models rated maximum 6 amps.
CONTENTS:
Part 1 - Planning The Installation
Part 3 - Use & Care
PART 1
Part 2 - Securing The Liner
Part 4 - Electrical Connection (Give copy of these 2 pages to electrician.)
Planning the Installation
®
Trade-Wind Designer Series Liners are designed for installation inside custom hood canopies. Proper installation
of the liner is directly related to the material from which the custom canopy is constructed. A qualified person must
complete the installation of this unit. Because of the large size and weight of this hood / liner, two installers are
recommended. Plan the installation so that all minimum clearances are met or exceeded. Dimensions shown
provide minimum clearances, unless otherwise specified. Important: You must provide structural framing and tight
backing in the areas in which you are securing the liner inside your custom canopy. Failure to do so could distort
and damage the liner and void the warranty.
For best and quietest performance with In-Line Blower installations, the blower should be installed in the attic, near
or slightly beyond the mid-point of the duct system. In installations requiring the blower be in a chase or wood-type
hood over the range (e.g., no attic above the kitchen), the duct silencer will not be as effective in absorbing motor
noise. In addition, there will likely be motor sound transmitted through the walls of the chase, bypassing the duct
silencer.
®
Given the high performance of Trade-Wind In-Line Blowers, it is highly recommended that the blower NOT
®
be attached directly to the liner or in a chase immediately above the liner unless a Trade-Wind brand duct
silencer is installed between the blower and liner and neoprene lined FC Clamps are used. FC Clamps are
®
®
available from Trade-Wind through your Trade-Wind supplier. Ask for model numbers FC6 (6‖), FC8 (8‖) or
FC10 (10‖), 2 per box.
In-Line & Remote Ventilators, Duct Silencers, Dampers and Ducting
®
Trade-Wind VSL Liners (non-internal motor models) are also designed for use with ―in-line‖ and ―remote-mount‖
ventilators. When planning for installations using these products, please refer to the Installation Instructions
®
®
provided with the ventilator. Trade-Wind Duct Silencers are available from your local Trade-Wind dealer. When
planning for installation using a duct silencer, please refer to the Installation Instructions provided with the duct
silencer.
®
Given that most installations are different, a back-draft damper is not provided with this unit. Trade-Wind back
®
draft dampers are also available from your local Trade-Wind dealer. Always install ventilation products with an
approved wall or roof cap. Duct performance is improved by using round, smooth metal duct work instead of
rectangular. Do not rely on duct tape alone to seal duct joints. Use sheet metal screws as required to support the
duct.
WARNING! For maximum ventilation performance, the bottom of the hood or liner should be 30 - 36
inches (76.2 - 91.4 cm) above the cooking surface (minimum is 24”). This would typically result in the
bottom of the hood being 66 - 72 inches (167.6 - 182.9 cm) above the floor. These dimensions provide for
safe and efficient operation of the hood. Always observe local building codes.
Revised 6/11/18
Copyright © 2018 Trade-Wind Manufacturing, LLC
Proverbs 22:29
Page 3
Important Cut-out Information
1
Cabinet or hood cutouts should be at least /8‖ larger than the following outside dimensions
Models Available (by Width)
3
3
40 /8”
46 /8”
Pic
CFM
28 /8”
3
34 /8”
3
A
-
VSL430BF
VSL436BF
VSL442BF
VSL448BF
52 /8”
3
58 /8”
3
Sones
Control
VSL454BF
VSL460BF
N/A
Variable
Blower
In-Line or Remote
Mount Blower
A
Notes:
1
1. Center of electrical access is 7‖ from front & 2 /2‖ from side of liner.
Connection access is behind filters.
2. Vent is 8‖ (models 430 & 436) or 10‖ (442, 448, 454, & 460).
Damper not included.
1
3. Length & width cutouts should be /8‖ larger than above
dimensions.
PART 2
Securing the Liner
TILE BACKSPLASHES
3
IMPORTANT: Liners installed immediately above the top edge of tile backsplashes thicker than /4‖ should be
installed slightly forward—not flush with the back wall. The back filter bracket of the liner is 1‖ deep and tile
installations thicker than this will prevent the filters from being removable.
MOUNTING HOLES
NOTE: DRILLING THROUGH STAINLESS STEEL REQUIRES A TITANIUM BIT. BE CAREFUL NOT TO DRILL
THROUGH FILTER BRACKETS, ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS OR UL LABEL.
®
Because the Trade-Wind Standard Series Liner was designed for various wood hood applications, no mounting
holes have been pre-drilled. This allows the liner to be attached in most any area of the canopy that has a wood
frame support, e.g., the back, sides or top. We recommend at least six equally spaced screws per liner—three
screws along the back (top or back side panel) and three screws on the front top, immediately next to the light bar
wall or behind the removable light bar. Where possible, the screw holes should be drilled into the top of the liner
(instead of the sides or back). This will help prevent distorting the liner walls in situations where the wood frame is
not properly sized to the liner. Models with internal motors should also have at least one screw centered and
securely in place on each end (side panel) of the liner because of the added weight.
Neatly measure and mark (left to right and top to bottom) and drill screw holes through the liner as required to
match the wood backing. It is easier to drill holes from the outside in, by setting the liner on its face (on cardboard)
and drilling from the back side. Secure the liner by driving screws (by others) tightly into the wood frame. Use
washers where necessary. When removing the filters, be careful not to scratch the liner by placing the filters,
screws, drill bits or drill on the liner’s face.
Revised 6/11/18
Copyright © 2018 Trade-Wind Manufacturing, LLC
Proverbs 22:29
Page 4
CONNECTING TO THE VENT PIPE
The VSL liner comes with a metal start collar welded in place. Attach the Start Collar to the duct with at least three
equally spaced screws. Also apply duct tape, preferably the metal type.
PART 3
Use and Care
WARNING!
Do NOT operate the blower / ventilator system without the filters in place, or with dirty, grease laden filters.
OPERATING CONTROLS:
Always activate the ventilator when using cooking appliances. For best performance, turn on the blower a few
minutes before starting to cook to establish an airflow pattern within the room. To use the electronic touch control,
touch the button that corresponds to the desired speed. To turn off blower, touch the illuminated speed button
again or the illuminated blower off control button. The electronic light control when touched comes on high; touch
again for night light setting, touch again for light off. The inline and remote blower options come with knobs. To use
these controls, adjust the fan speed by simply turning the knob. To turn off blower, turn knob to off position. For
controlling the lighting, turn the corresponding knob; the light comes on high and adjusts to the night light setting.
ENERGY SAVING TIPS:
Eliminate air currents in the liner vicinity by shutting nearby windows and doors, turning off ceiling fans and
adjusting the adjacent heating and air conditioning outlets if necessary. Place your largest pans on the rear
burners whenever possible. Clean filters and grease laden surfaces often to improve efficiency. Always use lids on
cookware to retain heat and moisture. Minimize the amount of liquid used to cook food. Select cookware of proper
size, material and construction for the cooking task being performed.
CARE & CLEANING:
Proper cleaning is necessary to maintain performance and appearance, while also ensuring safe operation. The
frequency of cleaning should be according to the type and amount of cooking. Best results will be achieved by
cleaning soiled components as soon as possible. Filters must be cleaned regularly. Using the aluminum knob,
lightly pull the filter toward the front of the liner while pulling the backside downwards. Replacing the filter is just as
easy as taking it out. For visual instructions on how to remove the filters visit our YouTube page
(https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCwVIbi_9hbuIATTYvz43oBA).
The filters may be cleaned by hand washing in hot water using a mild detergent solution, or by placing them in a
dishwasher. Locate holes on the sides of the filter. Put filter in dishwasher with holes facing up so detergent can
enter filters. Dry the filters completely before using again. Rinse and dry with a soft lint-free cloth. Always wipe
stainless steel surfaces with the grain. Never wipe across the grain. After cleaning, reinstall the filters carefully.
>> Most common scrubber type pads will scratch the hood.
CAUTION:
If a commercially available stainless steel cleaner is used, it is important to read the labels for chlorine compounds.
Chlorine is a corrosive substance, DO NOT USE. Follow polish manufacturer’s instructions.
LED LIGHT BULBS:
®
Trade-Wind liners are designed for MR16/GU10 LED flood light bulbs. They can be purchased at most home or
grocery stores. The bulbs provided with the unit are 3.5 watt, 350 lumen, and 3000K (color temperature).
Revised 6/11/18
Copyright © 2018 Trade-Wind Manufacturing, LLC
Proverbs 22:29
Page 5
PART 4 Electrical Connection
IMPORTANT: Copy this page and the next 2 pages to your electrical installer.
WARNING! Ensure that the power supply is disconnected before proceeding. Verify that the power supply
matches the ratings found on the appliance data label before proceeding. The complete appliance must be
properly grounded at all times when electrical power is applied. Do not ground the appliance with the neutral
(white) house supply wire. A separate ground wire must be utilized. Failure to complete electrical connections
properly may result in damaged or non-functional systems. Follow instructions carefully to ensure proper
installation.
It is the owner’s responsibility to ensure that a qualified person performs the electrical connection of this appliance.
The electrical installation, including minimum supply wire size, must comply with the National Electric Code
ANSI/NFPA 70-1990 (or latest revision) and local codes and ordinances. A copy of this standard may be obtained
from: National Fire Protection Association, 1 Batterymarch Park, Quincy, Massachusetts 02269-9101
INSTRUCTIONS: A 15 to 20 amp electrical service is recommended for proper electrical supply. Before
determining, calculate amp ratings based on the product label found on the liner and the ventilator. Always observe
local building codes. Always use a dedicated circuit. Line load is calculated by adding the amperage of the
halogen lights to the rated amperage of the ventilator (either in-line or roof top). If the ventilator is rated in watts
®
rather than amps, divide the watts by 120 and this will give you the amperage rating. The Trade-Wind liner,
without the internal motor, is supplied with a 6.0 amp variable speed fan control. Make sure the rated amperage on
the remote ventilator does not exceed 6.0 amps (or 700 watts).
CAUTION: The neutral wire (usually white) for the blower/motor must connect to the same neutral wire
that comes from the electrical panel to the liner. It is recommended to run a white neutral wire from the liner’s white
neutral wire along the same path as the red wire from the liner’s variable speed control to the blower/motor.
Variable-Speed Control Wiring Details (for remote blowers, usually “in-line” blowers)
Black
White
Green
Red
120 volt AC from electrical panel (usually black) to liner
Neutral from electrical panel (white) to liner
Ground from electrical panel (usually green) to liner
120 volt AC variable control from liner to 120 volt AC of variable speed ventilator
CAUTION: Do NOT connect this wire to a 3-speed blower.
IMPORTANT: Trade-Wind does not pay warranty claims for damage to liners or components connected to other brand blowers
inconsistent with these Installation Instructions. Always consult the switch manufacturer's installation instructions when
substituting control switches. The warranty may be voided if any unauthorized service, alterations or repairs are made to the
product.
Wiring Diagrams
IMPORTANT: Copy this page and previous page to your electrical installer.
Diagram 1: Models Connected to Variable Speed Blowers
Models:
VSL430BF
VSL436BF
VSL442BF
VSL448BF
VSL454BF
VSL460BF
House Electrical
Panel
120V Red
Green
White (N)
120V Black
(L)
Ventilator
Green, Ground
Liner
Revised 6/11/18
Copyright © 2018 Trade-Wind Manufacturing, LLC
Proverbs 22:29
Page 6
WARRANTY
Kitchen Ventilation Products
What IS Covered:
®
®
Trade-Wind Manufacturing, LLC warrants its Trade-Wind Kitchen Ventilation Products to the original user, to
be free of defects in materials and workmanship for three (3) years from the date of purchase.
®
Trade-Wind Manufacturing, LLC at its option, will repair or replace the complete unit or any defective
component without charge. This warranty may be voided if any unauthorized service, alterations, or repairs are
made to the product.
What is NOT Covered:






Normal maintenance and service of any product that has been subject to misuse, negligence,
®
accident, or installation inconsistent with the recommended Trade-Wind Installation Instructions
®
and Trade-Wind Best Practices Guidelines.
Product used other than for normal in-home use or products used outside of the United States and Canada.
Damage to the product caused by accident, fire, flood, or other acts of God.
Service calls to educate the customer in the proper use and care of the product, change fuses, or to
reset the circuit breakers.
Service calls to correct faulty installation, such as, performance issues relating to improperly sized
ducting or restrictive roof caps is not covered and will by default be charged back to the Homeowner.
Light bulbs are not covered under warranty.
®
Trade-Wind Manufacturing, LLC disclaims and excludes any liability for implied warranties or for incidental or
consequential damages wherever permitted by law. There are no implied warranties of merchantability or fitness
for a particular use or purpose. This warranty gives you specific legal rights and you may also have other rights,
which vary from state to state.
®
For Service: If you need service on your Trade-Wind Kitchen Ventilation Product, visit our website at:
www.t-wusa.com and click on the warranty tab. Fill out the simple form providing the model number, serial
number, date of purchase, and brief description of the problem. Proof of purchase will also be required.
Warranty Revised 6/11/18
®
Trade-Wind Manufacturing, LLC has a policy of continuous improvements and reserves the right to modify (at any time and
without notice) any or all of its products, features, designs, components and specifications. For exact dimensions, see the
Installation Instructions included with each product. Some features may be slightly different than shown on product literature.
®
For more information, please contact your Trade-Wind Representative
MADE IN PHOENIX, AZ USA
Revised 6/11/18
800 West Grant Street, Phoenix, AZ 85007
1-800-955-5737
602-900-8500
t-wusa.com
Copyright © 2018 Trade-Wind Manufacturing, LLC
Proverbs 22:29
Page 7
Best Practices
Venting Installation Instructions for
Range Hoods and Wood Hood Liners
(All Models)
—Addendum to Installation Instructions—
IMPORTANT: Problems caused by improper installations are not covered by the manufacturer’s warranty.
IMPORTANT: Undersized and improperly installed duct pipe and/or other ventilation components will cause
excessive static pressure (air resistance), that may result in rattling, vibration and air buffeting noises, as well
as inadequate ventilation.
1. Building Codes
Kitchen Hood Ventilators should be installed by qualified technicians familiar with state and local building
codes.
2. Duct Pipe and Fittings (Elbows, Transitions, Roof & Wall Caps)
a. Use round or rectangular rigid metal duct only. Where possible, use round duct as it creates the least
amount of static pressure. DO NOT use flex duct.
b. All duct sections and fittings (EXCEPT DAMPERS, per Section 4), should overlap and be connected with
at least 3 – 4 equally spaced screws and wrapped tightly with 2 – 3 layers of Aluminum Foil Metal Duct
Tape. This type of duct tape is more durable than traditional cloth duct tape. DO NOT use butt joints.
3.
c. For best air flow, elbows and pipe size transition fittings should not be directly connected to one
another. Where possible, always include at least 15 inches of straight pipe between fittings.
Duct Pipe and Fitting Sizes. (See Duct Sizing Chart and Area Calculations Section for more detail)
IMPORTANT: DO NOT use either of the following duct pipe sizes or fitting sizes for any kitchen hood
ventilator installations:
- 6” round duct pipe
- 3.25” x 10” rectangular x 6” round transitions
- 6” x 7” linear transitions
IMPORTANT: No portion of any length of duct pipe or fitting should be smaller than the discharge port of the
ventilator. This is very important because any type of restriction anywhere in the ventilation system will
cause increased static pressure (air resistance), that may result in rattling, vibration and air buffeting noises,
as well as inadequate ventilation.
Example: For ventilator models with 3.25” x 10” discharge ports, no part of the roof cap or wall cap’s air path
should be smaller than 3.25” x 10” (32.5 square inches) or 7” round (38.5 square inches). See Roof Caps and
Wall Caps section for more detail.
Exception: For some short duct runs inside walls framed with 2 x 4 studs, it is a common industry practice to
transition a 7” round duct to a 3.25” x 10” rectangular duct. If space allows, it is best to use a 3.25” x 14”
rectangular duct with a 3.25” x 14” x 7” transition.
Duct Runs – Length
a. Configure the ventilation duct run to be as short and as direct to the outside as possible. Minimize
the number of elbows and transition fittings used. Complex or long runs should be reviewed by a
qualified installer.
Revised 6/11/18
Copyright © 2018 Trade-Wind Manufacturing, LLC
Proverbs 22:29
Page 8
b. No portion of the ducting should be run so that the exhaust air flows downward. Since exhaust heat
rises, forcing the air to flow downward will cause increased static pressure. As previously mentioned,
improperly installed duct pipe will cause excessive static pressure (air resistance), that may result in
rattling, vibration and air buffeting noises, as well as inadequate ventilation.
c. Duct runs for 390 CFM ventilator models should not exceed 20 linear feet with two 90-degree elbows
(or four 45-degree elbows), a damper and a roof or wall cap. Longer runs or additional elbows will
result in decreased ventilation performance. Each 90-degree elbow is the equivalent of 8 linear feet
of duct pipe; each 45-degree elbow is equivalent to 4 linear feet of duct pipe.
d. Duct runs for 600 – 1200 CFM ventilator models should not exceed 35 linear feet with two 90-degree
elbows and two 45-degree elbows, a damper and a roof or wall cap. Longer runs or additional elbows
will result in decreased ventilation performance. Each 90-degree elbow is the equivalent of 6 linear
feet of duct pipe; each 45-degree elbow is equivalent to 3 linear feet of duct pipe.
e. Always run ventilator ducts to the outdoors. DO NOT terminate a duct into an attic, basement,
garage, crawl space under a house, a chimney, other ducting or an enclosed room.
4. Dampers
IMPORTANT: DO NOT USE SCREWS TO ATTACH ANY TYPE OF DAMPER AS THE SCREWS MAY BLOCK THE
DAMPER BLADES.
IMPORTANT: DO NOT USE MORE THAN ONE DAMPER IN THE VENTILATION SYSTEM. NOTE: Many styles of
roof caps and wall caps have built-in dampers. See Roof Caps and Wall Caps section for more detail.
Always use carefully crafted, tightly wrapped Aluminum Foil Metal Duct Tape on all connections and physically
view and test the damper blades to make certain they are opening and closing correctly. Make sure that the
damper blades do not touch the duct walls and that there is no debris blocking the free movement of the
damper mechanism. Common things to look for include screws protruding into the blade’s path, overspray of
paint, plaster and insulation. If using rectangular duct, be sure that all four sides of the duct are on the
outside of the damper’s start collar or frame.
a. 390 CFM Models
390 CFM models have either a 3.25” x 10” rectangular metal damper attached directly to the
ventilator or a 7" start collar that requires a 7" damper (sold separately). DO NOT USE SCREWS TO
ATTACH THE DUCT TO THE DAMPER FRAME AS THE SCREWS MAY BLOCK THE DAMPER BLADE.
ALWAYS use Aluminum Foil Metal Duct Tape on all connections and physically view the damper blade
to make certain it is operating correctly. On ventilator installations designed to recirculate the
exhaust air back into the kitchen, be sure to remove the aluminum damper blade before attaching the
duct to the damper frame.
b. 600 – 1200 CFM Ventilator Models
Damper in Roof Cap or Wall Cap
In ventilation systems utilizing a roof cap or wall cap with a built-in damper, do not install an
additional in-line damper. Two dampers are unnecessary and will cause increased static pressure (air
resistance), that may result in rattling, vibration and air buffeting noises, as well as inadequate
ventilation.
In-line Damper (for ventilation systems utilizing a roof cap or wall cap without a built-in damper)
In cold weather areas, installing an “in-line” damper may be the preferred type of installation. This is
because in-line dampers installed just above the perimeter of the heated space (the ceiling) will
reduce the amount of cold air traveling down the duct into the heated space and into the kitchen
through the ventilator.
Revised 6/11/18
Copyright © 2018 Trade-Wind Manufacturing, LLC
Proverbs 22:29
Page 9
In-line dampers must be installed so that the exhaust air flow will open the butterfly blades.
For horizontal duct runs, the in-line damper must be installed so that the hinge between the two
butterfly blades is vertical—the hinge pin must point up and down. Otherwise, because of gravity,
the damper’s blades will not close and the damper will not prevent backdrafts.
For vertical duct runs, the in-line damper’s hinge will be horizontal (sideways), which is correct for
vertical duct runs. Gravity will help close the damper blades after each use.
For upward slanted duct runs, the in-line damper’s hinge must point to the top and bottom sides of
the duct. In his position, gravity will help close the damper blades after each use. Otherwise, because
of gravity, the damper’s blades will not close and the damper will not prevent backdrafts.
5. Roof Caps and Wall Caps
The roof cap or wall cap is the termination point of the venting system that allows the exhaust air to exit to
the outdoors. All sections of this fitting must have an equal or greater air path area than the ventilator’s
discharge port. If any section of the roof cap or wall cap is smaller than the ventilator’s discharge port, the
entire ventilation system will lose efficiency and the restriction will cause increased static pressure.
IMPORTANT: Even though the intake side of the roof cap or wall cap may be properly sized, roof caps or wall
caps with built-in dampers must be made so that when the damper is fully open, the actual open area of the
final air path is equal to or greater than the discharge port of the ventilator. Any undersized portion of a roof
cap or wall cap will cause excessive static pressure that may result in rattling, vibration and air buffeting
noises, as well as inadequate ventilation.
***Roof caps and wall caps must have an integral bird screen.
6. Attaching Duct to House Framework
The ventilation system should be attached to the framework in such a manner that the weight of the duct and
fittings is supported with no stress on the duct joints, fittings or on the ventilator. All ducting should be
attached so as to avoid any possible duct vibration from being transferred to the house’s framework.
7. Duct Sizing Chart and Area Calculations
Ventilator Discharge Port
Types & Sizes
6" Diameter, Round
7” Diameter, Round
8” Diameter, Round
10” Diameter, Round
3.25” x 10” Rectangular
Duct Type Required
28.3"
38.5”
50.25”
78.5”
32.5”
6" Round Metal Duct
7” Round Metal Duct
8” Round Metal Duct
10” Round Metal Duct
3.25” x 10” Rectangular Metal Duct
Duct Size
(in Square Inches)
Minimum Discharge Size
of Roofcap or Wallcap
Outside Opening
28.3"
38.5”
50.25"
78.5”
32.5”
28.3"
38.5”
50.25”
78.5”
32.5”
Calculating Square Inches of Various Duct Sizes & Types
ROUND DUCT
Radius x Radius x 3.1416 = Area (Sq. Inches)
x
x
=
The “radius” is one-half the diameter of a round duct,
e.g., ½ of a 10” round duct is 5”. 3.1416 is “Pi”, the
“constant” used when calculating the area of a circle.
Revised 6/11/18
RECTANGULAR DUCT or WALL/ROOF CAP
Width
x
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Copyright © 2018 Trade-Wind Manufacturing, LLC
Proverbs 22:29
Page 10
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