WarmlyYours | 510-10-120-A | Installation manual | WarmlyYours 510-10-120-A Installation Manual

Installation Manual for your ENVIRON II Floor Heating System
INTRODUCTION:
Thank you for purchasing the Environ II Electric Radiant Floor Heating Panel.
This manual contains IMPORTANT information regarding the safe use and installation of your Environ II panel, so please
read through the entire manual carefully before you install or use your panel.
BEFORE WE GO ANY FURTHER - SOME REALLY IMPORTANT INFORMATION:
•E
nviron II panels are designed for installation directly under carpet and wood laminate, on top of the underlayment
pad. “Floating - engineered wood” floors up to 3/8” thick are also acceptable.
• E
nviron II panels are NOT designed for installation under ceramic tile, natural stone or similar hard floor coverings;
and MUST NOT be installed under nailed hardwood flooring. Other products are available to heat these types of
floor – contact WarmlyYours.com, Inc. for more information.
•C
ertain types and thicknesses of underlayment pad, carpet and wood laminate are NOT compatible with Environ
II panels (see pages 9,13); and we DO IMPOSE SOME RESTRICTIONS on the TYPE AND PLACEMENT OF
FURNITURE items on your heated floor (see pages 7,9,12,15). To ensure your intended installation does not
conflict in any way with these restrictions, please read the relevant sections in this Installation Manual carefully
before installing the panels.
We want your installation to be trouble-free. If you are confronted with a problem you cannot solve, please do not hesitate
to pick up the phone and call us at (800) 875-5285.
2
TABLE OF CONTENTS:
SECTION 1: GENERAL
SECTION 3: INSTALLATIONS UNDER WOOD LAMINATE
Understanding Your System
Controlling Your System
Professional Electrical Installation
The Safety of GFCI
Nothing On Top
No Other Heaters Underneath
Never In Direct Contact With Cement
Special Locations
Storage & Installation Temperatures
How Thick Is The Panel?
Testing
Trouble Shooting
Before You Start
Compatible Laminates and Underlayments
Installing The Panels
Installing The Thermostat
Important Points For The Wood Laminate Installer
Restrictions On Furniture Placement and Precautions
What To Expect From Your System
WARRANTY INFORMATION
SECTION 2: INSTALLATIONS UNDER CARPET
Before You Start
Compatible Carpets
Compatible Carpet Cushions
Installing The Panels
Installing The Thermostat
Important Points For The Carpet Fitter
Restrictions On Furniture Placement and Precautions
What To Expect From Your System
3
SECTION 1: GENERAL
UNDERSTANDING YOUR SYSTEM:
Product
Code
Width
Feet
25-10-120
2
Length
Feet
5
Area Sq.
Feet
10
Power
Watts
120.0
Ohms
Amperage
Volts
120.0
1.00
120
6 two layers
12
95.1 foil 1.26
Environ II panels are made of a pattern of a fixed-resistance heating element,26-10-120
“sandwiched”2 between
of151.4
aluminium
laminate.120
28-10-120
2
8
16
207.0
69.6
1.72
120
515-10-120
5
15
75
827.7
17.4
6.90
120
Various size panels are available, all prefabricated and tested in a carefully controlled
66-10-120 factory
6 environment.
6
36
456.6
31.5
3.80
120
723.6
20.9
6.03
120
Ohms
Amperage
Volts
This heating element is connected to a power supply cable, which exits the panel
from one corner.
The
a three-core
flexible
cord,
210-10-120
2
10 power
20lead is
241.2
59.7
2.01
120 which
consists of three conductors (hot, neutral and ground) which are individually insulated and held together within a gray or white, outer “sheath” to form
510-10-120
5
10
50
583.9
24.7
4.87
120
a single cable.
610-10-120
Available sizes are:
6
10
60
Length
Feet
Area Sq.
Feet
Heater details
Amperage
Volts
Product
Code
Width
Feet
120.0
120.0
1.00
120
25-10-240
2
5
10
120.0
480.0
0.50
240
12
151.4
95.1
1.26
120
26-10-240
2
6
12
151.5
380.2
0.63
240
16
207.0
69.6
1.72
120
28-10-240
2
8
16
207.3
277.8
0.86
240
20
241.2
59.7
2.01
120
210-10-240
2
10
20
241.3
238.7
1.01
240
5
10
50
584.3
98.6
2.43
240
Width
Feet
25-10-120
2
5
10
26-10-120
2
6
28-10-120
2
8
210-10-120
2
10
Length
Feet
Power
Watts
Ohms
Product
Code
Area Sq.
Feet
Power
Watts
510-10-120
5
10
50
583.9
24.7
4.87
120
510-10-240
515-10-120
5
15
75
827.7
17.4
6.90
120
515-10-240
5
15
75
872.5
66.0
3.64
240
6
6
36
456.9
126.1
1.90
240
6
10
60
670.5
85.9
3.14
240
66-10-120
6
6
36
456.6
31.5
3.80
120
66-10-240
610-10-120
6
10
60
723.6
20.9
6.03
120
610-10-240
The aluminium
foilWidth
that forms
the Area
outer
panel provides
several advantages:
Power of the
Product
Length
Sq. casing
Ohms Amperage
Volts
Watts wire within the panel rapidly spreads through the foil, creating a large “plate” at an even temperature.
Codegenerated
Feet by the
Feet
Feetelement
• Heat
heating
This also helps
heat
up under
chair 0.50
and table240
legs, as the natural tendency of the foil is to draw heat away from a hot spot;
25-10-240
2 to prevent
5
10 build 120.0
480.0
• 26-10-240
It is waterproof,
thus
protecting
all
internal
wiring
and
connections
within the panel;
2
6
12
151.5
380.2
0.63
240
• 28-10-240
It is rigid, yet still
sufficiently
flexible
to
make
for
ease
of
installation;
2
8
16
207.3
277.8
0.86
240
• It does not “ruck” or buckle when carpet is pulled or stretched over it.
210-10-240
2
10
20
241.3
238.7
1.01
240
510-10-240
5 is of a10very special
50
584.3 and
98.6 uses2.43
240carefully selected for an optimum balance of performance and safety.
The heating
element
design,
materials
5
15
75
872.5
66.0
3.64
240
• 515-10-240
Flexibility
• 66-10-240
Tension and compression
6
6
36
456.9
126.1
1.90
240
• 610-10-240
Overheat protection
6
10
60
670.5
85.9
3.14
240
4
CONTROLLING YOUR SYSTEM:
To control the Environ II heaters, WarmlyYours
recommends any of the thermostats from our nSpiration
Series. These thermostats come with a floor sensor that
allows you to set your heater to the exact temperature
you desire. The programmable models (nSpire Touch
WiFi, nSpire Touch, and nHance) even allow you to set
a schedule for the heating system— for example one
may chose to have a warm bedroom carpet first thing
in the morning upon waking, the carpet does not need
to remain warm during the day, but can be programmed
to come on again for a few hours around bedtime!
Most wood laminate manufacturers specify that their floors should not be
subjected to temperatures in excess of 84 degrees Fahrenheit. The only
reliable way to achieve this is to install a temperature sensor on top of, or
directly under the Environ II panel, placed under the wood laminate. Check
with your laminate manufacturer or WarmlyYours to see what are their
recommendations for installing electric radiant heat under their floors.
PROFESSIONAL ELECTRIC INSTALLATION:
Caution: Only a qualified person who is familiar with the construction and
operation of the apparatus and the hazards involved shall install this product.
The installation of electrical systems presents risks of fire and electrical shock
which can result in personal injury. Caution should always be taken to guard
against each such risk. Only a qualified electrician should connect Environ
II panels to the thermostat and / or to the electrical supply circuit. All such
connections MUST be in accordance with the National Electrical Code and all
local Codes. A carpet layer, flooring contractor or a Do-It-Yourselfer can install
the panels on the floor, before the electrician connects them to a thermostat
and an electrical circuit.
For USA installations: All such connections MUST be in accordance with the
National Electrical Code and all local Codes.
For Canadian installations: The installation shall be made according to the
provisions of Section 12 and 62 of the Canadian Electric Code Part 1 which
reads:
“Rule 2-022 Renovation of Existing Installations: The inspection
department may require such changes as may be necessary to be
made to existing installations where, though hard usage, wear and tear,
or as a result of alterations or extensions, dangerous conditions have
developed.”
ITEMS REQUIRED FOR SYSTEM INSTALLATION:
System components from WarmlyYours
1. The customized installation Plan (or layout)
2. If multiple mats are to be connected to one control device
they must be wired in parallel
3. Control with an in-floor temperature sensor.
Double Check your Dimensions
Check and verify that your plan has the correct room dimensions. Your
order consists of the exact amount of material required to complete your
project. If the measurements of your space have changed, this will affect
how much product is required and how it will be installed. If you have
any discrepancies or questions call WarmlyYours Customer service at
800 875 5285.
Ground Fault Circuit Interrupter
GFCI or ‘GFCI-breaker’ indicating its capacity if not incorporated into the
control device you are using. This is a built-in feature of the NSpiration
Series control.
Digital Ohm Meter (multi-meter)
Test the foil mats before, during and after the installation. A digital meter
is strongly recommended because of the precise measurements needed.
Electrical Housing Boxes/Switch Plates
All control devices except a Relay Contactor fit into a single gang box.
If a double gang box is used it will need to be fitted with a single gang
mud ring. We recommend a double gang box with a single gang mud
ring as it provides more room to place all the wires.
5
Electrical Conduit
Local electrical codes often require the power leads be installed inside
a metal or plastic conduit when running behind the wall from the foil
mat to the control device. When using an in-floor sensor, if local code
requires the low voltage wires be housed in conduit, it must be a
separate conduit from the conduits used to house the power leads
(high voltage).
Junction Box
If multiple foil mats are used, it can be easier to run the cold lead
wires to a junction box first, and then connect the junction box to the
thermostat.
Duct Tape
Tape is needed to hold the foil mats in place as the flooring is installed.
Any brand of Duct tape can be used.
Off-Cuts of Cardboard or Carpet Scraps
To protect the foil mats during the installation.
THE SAFETY OF THE GFCI:
Environ II panels MUST be connected to the electrical system through
a Ground Fault Circuit Interrupter (a “GFCI”). The nSpiration Series
control incorporates a GFCI. If you are not using an nSpiration Series
control, ensure that the branch circuits that supply your panels are
GFCI-protected, or, if possible, a dedicated GFCI is incorporated in
each circuit supplying your panels. This requirement is critical to the
safe operation of your Environ II panel.
NOTHING ON TOP:
Environ II panels must not be installed under cabinets or other fittings
or furniture that will be permanently installed and attached to the floor.
Built-in cabinets and other furniture with solid bases must not be placed
over the panels. More specific details are contained in the “Restrictions
on Furniture Placement” sections later in this Installation Manual.
NO OTHER HEATERS UNDERNEATH:
Environ II panels must NOT be installed on top of other in-floor radiant
heating systems (for example hydronic or in-cement systems) UNLESS
the other system is permanently disconnected in such a way that it
cannot be inadvertently switched on while the Environ II panels are
also in use. Similarly, Environ II panels must also NOT be installed on
floors where radiant ceiling heating panels are used in the room directly
below where the Environ II panel is installed.
NEVER IN DIRECT CONTACT WITH CEMENT:
Environ II panels must not be installed in thinset cement, or in direct
contact with a cement or concrete subfloor or slab. There must always
be an underlayment pad under Environ II panels.
SPECIAL LOCATIONS:
Environ II panels must ONLY be installed INDOORS, and MUST NOT
be installed in “HAZARDOUS LOCATIONS” or “WET” areas, as defined
in the National Electrical Code.
HOW THICK IS THE PANEL:
Environ II panels are less than 1/16” thick. The power supply cord comes
in 2 sizes: 1/4” (6mm) diameter round or 9/64” x 13/32” (4mm x 10mm)
flat. A section of the carpet cushion or underlayment pad is removed
during installation so that the power supply cord cannot be felt under the
carpet or laminate floor. Since the thickness of the panel is negligible,
no allowance needs to be made for it when calculating floor levels and
height differences across thresholds. When installing under laminate
a channel may have to be chased into the subfloor to avoid any floor
levelling problems.
6
TESTING
Temperature sensor wire must be tested before and after installation and
must measure between 8k to 12k ohm for temperatures between 68-86
F (20-30C). This measurement must be done with a digital ohm meter,
set to the 20k range. Beware of self-ranging meters and analog meters.
Each and every Environ II panel is subjected to careful testing before it
is shipped from the factory, and is packed in a stout cardboard tube to
protect it in transit. However, damage does sometimes occur in storage
or transit, and sometimes during installation. We strongly recommend
you test your panels:
• A
fter unpacking them but before you install them, and
• After you have installed them but before you install the
floor covering (i.e. while the panels are still exposed), and
• After installation of the carpet or wood laminate but before
the thermostats are connected.
A simple test is a visual inspection to make sure there is no visible
damage to the heater, and in particular to the cable component in the
heater. A simple electrical inspection can be done with an ohms meter to
make sure the ohms resistance is what it should be (see page 4). Ohms
resistance can vary significantly depending on the ambient temperature
and an allowance of +/- 15% from the norm is acceptable.
TROUBLE SHOOTING - Checking Ohm resistance and circuit
continuity
CAUTION: TURN OFF ELECTRICITY BEFORE TROUBLESHOOTING
SYSTEM
If the system fails to heat, make sure the GFCI (Ground Fault Circuit
Interrupter) has not been tripped. If it has, find the fault and rectify.
Check for continuity and resistance level with an Ohmmeter. Compare
the reading with the resistance recorded on the UL label.
Make sure the breaker or fuse is delivering power to the system.
If the system fails to heat after these checks, call your installer. Be sure
to tell the installer the Model Number of your system. This will be found
on the UL label, generally stored for safe keeping or taped on the fuse
or breaker box door.
Checking for breaks
If you have the round lead, the ohm resistance should be measured from
the black wire #1 to the black wire #2 without touching the yellow-green
wire, which is the ground connection. These ohm resistance measurements
should come within 15% (plus or minus) of the original measurement
indicated by the factory on the UL label (see page 4). When checking ohms
resistance, make sure your hands do not touch the ohmmeter’s probes, or
that will include your internal body resistance and render the measurement
inaccurate. Checking for ohm resistance between the two conductor wires
assures you there is no break in the cold lead conductor and the heat
resistance wire. It does not assure you that there is no electrical short in
the circuit.
If you have the flat (4mm x 10mm) wire, test between the black lead and
the white or red or yellow wire.
Checking for electrical short
In the construction of the Environ II heaters, the ground is the foil sheet.
In some rare instances, a sharp object can puncture the foil over a heating element and pierce through the insulation of the heater wire, thereby
allowing the electricity to flow to the ground through the foil sheet. If this
situation occurred it would immediately trip the GFCI (Ground Fault Circuit
Interrupter).
However, to check if you have a short, and you have the round lead,
measure the ohms resistance between:
1. the black wire #1 and the yellow-green ground wire, and
2. between the black wire #2 and the yellow-green ground wire.
If you have the flat (9/64” x 13/32”, 4mm x 10mm) measure
between the red or yellow or white wire and the ground wire and
between the black wire and ground.
There should be no continuity between these wires and the ohms reading
should be infinity (not zero). If your meter shows a particular number of
ohms resistance between these wires, your heating panel has an electrical
short. Take note of the ohms resistance number and call WarmlyYours at
1-800-875-5285. You will need to replace this heating panel before you
continue the installation of the flooring material over the heaters.
7
SECTION 2: INSTALLATION UNDER CARPET
Subfloor Preparation
BEFORE YOU START
NEVER CUT OR TRIM Environ II panels to fit into a
space that is too small.
Prepare your subfloor as you normally would for a “normal” carpet installation. Ensure the
subfloor is structurally sound and secure with no movement – screw or nail down any loose
areas before fitting the underlayment. The subfloor should be clean and dry.
BE AWARE of the risk of damaging the heating panels
with sharp tools, gripper rods, stretchers or seaming
irons during installation.
To prevent damage to the panels, special attention should be paid to ensure that no nails,
screws, staple, tacks and the like are protruding from the subfloor before the underlayment
pad is installed. Beware of automatic staple guns if you use one to secure the cushion /
underlayment to the subfloor. A badly installed staple that protrudes from the floor can pierce
and destroy the Environ II cable and mat.
DO NOT drop or carelessly use tools with sharp edges
or points on top of the panels.
Nails, screws or staples should not be installed close to the panels and power supply
cables.
DO NOT walk on the panels more than is absolutely
necessary during installation.
DO NOT drop or place heavy articles on the panels.
DO NOT use folded Environ II panels, and care should
be taken not to fold or crease the panels at any time
during installation.
DO NOT use Environ II panels on stairs.
DO place Environ II panels directly on top of the carpet
cushion (The “carpet cushion” is also known as the
“pad”, the “foam” or the “underlay”.)
DO place Environ II panels directly under the
carpet.
ROLL your panel should you wish to move your it at
some later stage.
Permanent fixtures, including built-in furniture and the like, must NEVER be installed on top
of the panels.
It is important to keep an accurate record of where the panels are installed, to assist you (and
a future owner!) to easily locate them should you undertake remodelling work in the room at
some future date. Taking a few photographs during the installation process is a good idea.
COMPATIBLE CARPETS
Most modern tufted and woven carpets are compatible with Environ II panels. Polypropylene,
hessian or jute secondary backings are compatible, but rubber- or foam-backed carpets are
not compatible as they trap too much heat.
The carpet must be at least 1/4” thick, but not more than 1” thick.
For the technically minded, the R-value of the carpet should not be greater than 3. (A study
by the Georgia Institute of Technology School of Textile Engineering, commissioned by the
Carpet & Rug Institute, found that the total thickness of the carpet in inches, multiplied by
2.6, gives a good indication of the R-value of the carpet.)
COMPATIBLE CARPET CUSHIONS
Any type of carpet padding can be used as long as it has a density of 6 pounds per cubic
foot. Most good quality rebounded polyurethane (rebound) and prime polyurethane are 8
pounds per cubic foot or more.
8
WARNING: RISK OF CARPET DISCOLORATION
The major factors affecting discoloration of a carpet are:
•
•
•
•
the nature of the fibers,
the type of coloring process and it’s application to fibers, yarns, or fabric,
the color range from pastels to dark colors,
the temperature level if the heat is trapped under a high level of insulation
such as a futon mattress, bean seat or a dog bed,
• the length of time the carpet is exposed to higher temperature.
In our experience, the Environ II, which is powered at approximately 10-watt/
sq.feet does not cause carpet discoloration when installed under the conditions
of this Installation Manual, specifically the section “Restrictions on Furniture
Placement and Precautions”.
However, if excessive insulation is placed for long periods of time over a heated
carpet area, some carpets of lighter colors, and lower quality will probably be
the first to be subject to discoloration.
INSTALLING THE PANELS
Once the carpet cushion has been fitted in the normal manner, remove your Environ
II panel from the packaging tube, unroll it completely and place it in the required
position on top of the carpet cushion.
When positioning the panel on the carpet cushion, be aware of the following:
• Keep it at least 1’ from any edge of the area to be carpeted, (to prevent the
spikes of the power stretcher damaging the panel when the carpet is being
fitted);
• Ensure the power supply cables can reach the thermostat point to which
they will be connected;
• Wherever possible, run the power supply cables parallel or at right angles to
the walls, and avoid high-traffic areas;
• Wherever possible, keep the corner where the power supply cable enters the
panel away from high traffic areas;
• NEVER run the power supply cables under or over the panels;
• To make your installation easier, Environ II panels may be laid either side up;
• When fitting more than one panel in a room, the panels MUST NOT
OVERLAP, as overheating will result.
• VERIFY the panels recieved are the correct voltage.
Smooth out the panel and adhere the heater to the underlay with adhesive tape
as set out below. Any adhesive tape will do.
After deciding the route that your power supply cables will take from
the panel to the point of supply, cut a 1/4”-wide channel in the carpet
cushion along this route and drop the power supply cables into this
channel. You may also need to remove a small section of carpet
cushion from under the panel at the point where the power supply
cord enters the panel, to prevent an unsightly lump on the carpet
surface and excessive wear on that part of the panel.
Heating panels shall be installed not closer than 200 mm (8 inches)
from heating supply ducts, or any other heating appliances or other
source of heat. When installing two or more Environ II heating panels
next to each other, the distance between the last wire on the edge
of a panel, and the first wire on the edge of the next panel, has to
be minimum 3” inches. The heating wires in adjacent panels cannot
overlap and we recommend the use of duck tape to assure that they
will not overlap over time.
INSTALLING THE THERMOSTAT
If you are using a thermostat with a floor sensor, tape the sensor
to the top surface, or the bottom surface, of the Environ II heating
panel, centered between two heater wires, at least 6” into the heated
area. Run the sensor cable off the heater and back to the thermostat
in its own channel, separated from the power supply cords. The
“heater wires” within the heater are identified as raised parallel lines,
either 2” or 3” apart. The sensor wire can cross over the foil heater
wires. The sensor probe must use a jacketed wire, this wire needs
to be rated 80°C minimum.
9
Connect the sensor wire to the designated screws on the terminal block
on the front of the thermostat power base. The wire must pass outside the
electrical box and follow the wall down to the floor. This is a low voltage
wire and in most geographical areas it does not need to be housed in a
conduit. If you choose to place it in a conduit, use a separate conduit
than the conduit used for the 110-volt or 220-volt wires that power the
heating element.
Secure the power supply cables (and the thermostat sensor cable, where
applicable) in the channel in the carpet cushion with adhesive tape, to
prevent them from “riding up” onto the top surface of the carpet cushion
and thus causing unsightly lumps or ridges when the carpet is fitted.
Take the cables along the edge of the carpet cushion, between the
gripper and the carpet cushion to a point directly below where the
thermostat will be fitted (or below the socket outlet if no thermostat is
being fitted).
Remove a small section (about 1/4” to 1/2” –wide) of the gripper at a
point on the floor below the thermostat and secure the cables to the floor
with adhesive tape, hot-melt glue or cable clips, taking care to ensure
that the cables are not damaged by the nails of the gripper.
Ensure the positioning of your Environ II panel (and the way you have
routed the cables on the floor from the panel to the control point) allows
sufficient cable length to reach the connection point for the electrician
to make the connections.
Place Thermostat Warning Sticker to underside of thermostat’s faceplate.
Stickers are supplied with the Environ II mats.
Note that the power supply cables of Environ II panels are matched to
the rated power of the panel. If more than one panel is connected to a
thermostat, ensure that the circuit connecting the thermostat to the house
power is correctly rated for the total amperage of the combined heaters.
For the total amperage of your installation look to your custom design
layout or your price quote. Overloaded power circuits may overheat and
could start a fire!
NEVER JOIN THE POWER SUPPLY CABLES UNDER THE CARPET.
NO SERIAL CONNECTIONS OF ONE PANEL TO ANOTHER PANEL. NO
DAISY-CHAINS!
A QUALIFIED ELECTRICIAN MUST CONNECT THE POWER SUPPLY
CABLES TO THE THERMOSTAT, AND CONNECT THE THERMOSTAT
TO THE SUPPLY.
Before fitting the carpet, test the panels to ensure they are working
correctly. A simple test is a visual inspection to make sure there is no
visible damage to the heater, and in particular to the cable component in
the heater. A simple electrical inspection can be done with an ohms meter
to make sure the ohms resistance is what it should be (see page 4). Ohms
resistance can vary significantly depending on the ambient temperature
and an allowance of +/- 15% from the norm is acceptable. Verify that the
voltage of the panels matches the voltage specified on the plan.
IMPORTANT POINTS FOR THE CARPET FITTER:
Please ensure that compatible carpet cushion and carpet are being fitted.
Remember that you are laying carpet over a thin electrical heating element.
Extra care must be taken when working with sharp tools to avoid damage
to the Environ II panel, which could cause it to malfunction and fail.
Ensure all cables have been channelled correctly into the carpet cushion
to avoid unsightly lumps or an uneven carpet surface.
Do not install nails, screws or staples in direct contact with the ENVIRON II
heating panels and power supply cable. A staple left protruding can destroy
the ENVIRON II heater cable.
When making a join (or “seam”) in the carpet, ensure that the seaming
iron DOES NOT come into direct contact with the Environ II panel, as it
will damage the panel. Wherever possible, avoid joins in the carpet over
panels. Always use a good quality heat-bond tape, and use an ultra-wide
tape when joining heavy wool or similar carpets.
Fit your carpet as normal above the panels, taking special care when
working with sharp tools (power stretcher, knee-kicker, knives, scissors
etc) in the vicinity of the panels and cables.
10
RESTRICTIONS ON FURNITURE PLACEMENT AND PRECAUTIONS IN USE:
Always remember that you have a thin electrical appliance installed directly below your carpet!
To prevent any damage to the Environ II panel, the carpet cushion, the carpet itself and anything above the carpet (including yourself!), always strictly
enforce the following restrictions and precautions:
·
·
·
·
NEVER pierce the carpet with sharp items such as knives, pins, tacks, staples, needles and the like;
·
Never use chairs on castors directly on the carpet surface – always use a plastic “carpet protector” that is no more than ½-inch thick and does
not have spikes that are long enough to penetrate the backing of the carpet and come into contact with the heater. Most commercial plastic
“carpet protector” in the market will be acceptable.
·
·
·
·
·
NEVER drive nails or screws through the carpet to secure furniture in position or for any other reason;
NEVER drop heavy articles onto the carpet;
Area rugs and oriental carpets may be placed on top of the heated carpet; but the total thickness of both carpets (ie the wall to wall carpet plus
the rug) must never exceed 1½ inches;
Never place any furniture that has feet with a “footprint” of 1/4–square inch (ie ½” x ½”) or less on the carpet, irrespective of the weight of the
furniture.
Never place any item with a “footprint” of 36-square inches (ie 6” x 6”) or more on the carpet, if that item is thicker than 1” (for example, do not
leave a mattress, bean bag or dog bed on the carpet).
Furniture that has feet with a footprint between ¼-square inch and 36-square inches must not exert a force greater than 100 pounds per square
inch (“psi”) on the carpet surface. The psi of any piece of furniture may be determined by dividing its total weight (in pounds) by the total
surface area of the parts in contact with the carpet (in square inches), eg a 150-pound sofa on which two 250-pound adults are sitting has a
total weight of 650 pounds. If it has 4 feet, each 2” x 2”, the total surface contact area is 4 x (2” x 2”) = 16-square inches. 650 pounds divided
by 16-sq.in. = 40 pounds per square inch.
Any bulky item of furniture on short legs (e.g. a sofa or a bed) must have a minimum of 2-inches clearance between the top surface of the carpet
and the underside of the furniture to allow free movement of air through that space. Do not allow bedclothes or drapes to restrict the airflow
under a bed!
Specific items of furniture that should never be allowed onto the carpet surface:• Pianos
• Stands for hi-fi speakers that have sharp points as feet
• Bookcases
• Closed-bottom furniture
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SECTION 3: INSTALLATION UNDER WOOD LAMINATE:
BEFORE YOU START
Environ II panels must be fitted directly on top of the underlayment, and
directly under the wood laminate flooring. (The “underlayment” is also
known as the “pad”, or the “foam”.)
To avoid damage to your panels during installation, care must be taken so
that tools with sharp edges or points are not dropped or used carelessly
on top of the panels. Do not walk on the panels more than is absolutely
necessary during installation, and do not drop or place heavy articles
on the panels.
Environ II panels must not be used folded, and care should be taken
not to fold or crease the panels at any time during installation. For this
reason, Environ II panels are not suitable for use on stairs. Should you
wish to move your panel at some later date, please remember to roll it
rather than folding it.
Environ II panels MUST NEVER BE CUT OR TRIMMED TO FIT INTO
A SPACE THAT IS TOO SMALL!
Prepare your subfloor as you normally would for a “normal” floating floor
installation. Ensure the subfloor is structurally sound and secure with
no movement – screw or nail down any loose areas before fitting the
underlayment. The subfloor should be clean and dry.
To prevent damage to the panels, special attention must be paid to
ensure that no nails, screws, tacks and the like are protruding from the
subfloor before the underlayment pad is installed.
Nails or screws should not be installed close to the panels and power
supply cables. Permanent fixtures, including built-in furniture and the
like, must NEVER be installed on top of the panels. Beware of automatic
staple guns if you use one to secure the pad / underlayment to the
subfloor. A badly installed staple that protrudes from the floor can pierce
and destroy the Environ II cable and mat.
It is important to keep an accurate record of where the panels are installed,
to assist you (and a future owner) to easily locate them should you
undertake remodelling work in the room at some future date. Taking a few
photographs during the installation process is a good idea.
These installation instructions are NOT intended to replace or supersede
the installation instructions provided by the manufacturer of the wood
laminate, but to supplement them. BOTH sets of installation instructions
should be complied with. In the event of any apparent contradiction between
the Environ II instructions and the wood laminate instructions, kindly contact
WarmlyYours.com Inc for clarity on how to proceed.
COMPATIBLE WOOD LAMINATES AND UNDERLAYMENTS
Verify that your laminate is warranted for use with radiant heat. Most
modern 3/8” thick wood laminate floors are compatible with Environ II
panels, but floors that have metallic strips as part of their locking systems
are NOT compatible as these metallic strips may damage the Environ
II panels. Also laminates that have their pad already attached to the
laminate are not compatible with the Environ II panels (they are however
compatible with the WarmlyYours Tempzone underfloor heating system).
Contact your laminate manufacturer and WarmlyYours.com Inc, to see if
your laminate is compatible.
When installing over concrete, with the 1/4” diameter, round lead, a
1/4” underlayment is mandatory. Any underlayment available in 1/4” is
acceptable in most cases. Certain underlayments such as “SilentStep,
Cerazorb, Quietwalk, cork, or 1/4” to 3/8” of Expanded Polystyrene (EPS)
with a density of 2lbs/cu.ft. or more, are recommended for installation
under Environ II heating panels. If you recieved the white, flat lead,
any underlayment 5mm or thicker is acceptable. It is also acceptable to
place a vapor barrier, such as a plastic sheet, under the underlayment.
Underlayment papers such as “Red Bison” are not compatible with
Environ II panels.
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INSTALLING THE PANELS
Once the underlayment has been fitted in the normal manner, remove your
Environ II panel from the packaging tube, unroll it completely and place it in
the required position on top of the underlayment.
When positioning the panel on the underlayment, be aware of the following:
•K
eep it at least 6 inches from any edge of the area that will be fitted with
wood laminate, to prevent damage to the panel when the wood laminate is
being fitted;
•E
nsure the power supply cables can reach the thermostat point to which
they will be connected;
• NEVER run the power supply cables under or over the panels
• To make your installation easier, Environ II panels may be laid either side
up;
•W
hen fitting more than one panel in a room, the panels MUST NOT
OVERLAP, as overheating will result;
Smooth out the panel and adhere the heater to the underlay with adhesive tape
as set out below. Any adhesive tape will do.
Heating panels shall be installed not closer than 200 mm (8 inches) from
heating supply ducts, or any other heating appliances or other source of
heat. When installing two or more Environ II heating panels next to each
other, the distance between the last wire on the edge of a panel, and the
first wire on the edge of the next panel, has to be minimum 3” inches. The
heating wires in adjacent panels cannot overlap and we recommend the
use of duck tape to assure that they will not overlap over time.
INSTALLING THE THERMOSTAT
Thermostats with in-floor sensors must be used with all wood laminate
installations, as this is the only way to restrict the Environ II panel
from exceeding the temperature specified by the wood laminate
manufacturers.
In choosing the location where to install the sensor, choose an area that
will be representative of the floor temperature across the installation;
avoid areas affected by a draft, excessive sun exposure. If your sensor
is placed in an area covered by an area rug, the temperature reported by
the thermostat may be higher than the floor temperature in other areas.
Tape the sensor to the top, or bottom surface of the panel in-between two
heater wires, at least 6” into the heated area. Run the sensor cable off
the heater and back to the thermostat in the same channel as the power
supply cords. (The “heater wires” within the heater are identified as raised
parallel lines, either 2” or 3” apart.)
Secure the power supply cables and the thermostat sensor cable in the
channel in the underlayment cushion with adhesive tape, to prevent them
from “riding up” onto the top surface of the underlayment and thus causing
a ridge or lump under the laminate.
After deciding the route that your power supply cables will take from the panel
to the point of supply, cut a 1/4”-wide channel in the underlayment and/or
subfloor along this route and drop the power supply cables into this channel.
You may also need to remove a small section of underlayment from under the
panel at the point where the power supply cord enters the panel, to prevent a
raised section under the laminate. If the system is installed over concrete,
1/4” underlayment will be needed for clearance of the 1/4” (6mm) round
otherwise, 5mm underlayment is required for the 9/64” x 13/32” (4mm x
10mm) power supply leads.
Take the cables along the edge of the underlayment, between the edge
of the wall and the underlayment to a point directly below where the
thermostat will be fitted.
13
Ensure the positioning of your Environ II panel (and the way you have
routed the cables on the floor from the panel to the control point) allows
sufficient cable length to reach the connection point for the electrician
to make the connections.
Place Thermostat Warning Sticker to underside of thermostat’s faceplate.
Stickers are supplied with the Environ II mats.
Note that the power supply cables of Environ II panels are matched to
the rated power of the panel. If more than one panel is connected to
a thermostat, ensure that the circuit connecting the thermostat to the
house power is correctly rated for the total amperage of the combined
heaters.
For the total amperage of your installation, look to your custom design
layout or your price quote. Overloaded power circuits may overheat and
could start a fire!
NEVER JOIN THE POWER SUPPLY CABLES UNDER THE
CARPET. NO SERIAL CONNECTIONS OF ONE PANEL TO
ANOTHER PANEL. NO DAISY-CHAINS!
A QUALIFIED ELECTRICIAN MUST CONNECT THE POWER
SUPPLY CABLES TO THE THERMOSTAT, AND CONNECT THE
THERMOSTAT TO THE SUPPLY.
Before fitting the wood laminate floor, test the panels to ensure they are
working correctly. Ensure supplied panels are the same voltage indicated
on the plan.
IMPORTANT POINTS FOR THE WOOD LAMINATE INSTALLER:
Please ensure that compatible underlayment and wood laminate products
are being fitted.
Remember that you are laying wood laminate over a thin electrical
heating element. Extra care must be taken when working with sharp
tools to avoid damage to the Environ II panel, which could cause it to
malfunction and fail.
Do not install nails, screws or staples in direct contact with the
ENVIRON II heating panels and power supply cable. A staple left
protruding can destroy the ENVIRON II heater cable.
Do not cut wood laminate planks on top of the Environ II panels.
Fit your laminate boards as normal above the panels, taking special
care when working with sharp tools (knives, scissors, saws etc) in the
vicinity of the panels and cables.
RESTRICTIONS ON FURNITURE PLACEMENT AND PRECAUTIONS
IN USE:
Always remember that you have a thin electrical appliance installed
directly below your wood laminate floor!
To prevent any damage to the Environ II panel, the underlayment, the
wood laminate itself and anything above the wood laminate (including
yourself!), always strictly enforce the following restrictions and precautions:
• N
ever pierce the wood laminate with sharp items such as knives,
pins, tacks, staples, needles and the like;
• Never drive nails or screws through the wood laminate to secure
furniture in position or for any other reason;
• Area rugs and oriental carpets may be placed on top of the wood
laminate; but they must not be thicker than 1-inch, and such items
MUST ONLY be placed above the position of the in-floor sensor;
• Never place any item with a “footprint” of 36-square inches (ie 6” x
6”) or more on the wood laminate, if that item is thicker than 1-inch
(for example, do not leave a mattress, bean bag or dog bed on the
wood laminate);
• Any bulky item of furniture on short legs (e.g. a sofa or a bed) must
have a minimum of 2-inches clearance between the top surface of
the wood laminate and the underside of the furniture to allow free
movement of air through that space. Do not allow bedclothes or
drapes to restrict the airflow under a bed.
Ensure all cables have been channelled correctly into the underlayment
and subfloor to avoid high spots under the wood laminate.
14
WHAT TO EXPECT FROM YOUR SYSTEM:
The actual temperature rise you experience on your wood laminate surface is affected by many variables over which we have no control,
including:
• Size, shape and aspect of the room (south-facing rooms tend to be naturally warmer than north-facing, etc)
• Type of subfloor (concrete floors below ground level in the basement absorb more heat than a suspended wooden floor in the attic)
• Type and thickness of underlayment: some underlayments have a higher “R-value” than others, meaning they allow less heat to pass through
to the subfloor below.
Remember that the wood laminate manufacturers impose a temperature limit on the underside of their products. In our experience the laminate
“absorbs” about 4 degF, so the maximum temperature on top of the laminate will be 4 degrees less than the manufacturers limit.
LIMITED WARRANTY
This Environ II Heater is guaranteed for a period of 5 years from date of purchase against any fault caused by a manufacturing defect. There is no
other warranty, express or implied. No claims can be brought against the manufacturer or his agents for any consequential damages whatsoever.
The warranty covers the cost of repair or replacement, at the discretion of the manufacturer, of the heater only. Any costs in respect of transport,
installation or labor shall be borne by the purchaser.
This warranty is further subject to the following conditions:
1. The warranty of the heater is to be registered by completing and returning the attached ‘Registration of Warranty’ form to WarmlyYours.com
Inc. within thirty days of purchase. Please keep your invoice, as proof of date of purchase will be required in the event of a claim.
2. The heater is to be installed between stretched carpet or laminate flooring and underlayment with the heater unrolled completely flat. If using
several heaters make sure they will not overlap each other.
3. The heater is to be electrically grounded and protected by a GFI (Ground Fault Interrupter).
4. The installation is to comply with all national and local Electrical and Building Codes as well as any other applicable statutory requirements.
5. The manufacturer hereby reserves his right to inspect the installation in situ at any reasonable time.
6. The warranty is not automatically transferred with change of ownership, but the manufacturer may, on application, transfer the warranty for the
period remaining. This transfer is solely at the discretion of the manufacturer.
15
LIMITED WARRANTY continued
7. The heater should be used strictly in accordance with the following:
a) Hard wire the unit into a 110 Volt ~ properly sized circuit. If a single thermostat controls several mats, please make sure the thermostat’s
amperage and the circuit’s amperage are appropriate for the total electrical load of the mats.
b) Should you feel no warmth on the carpet or laminate floor within 30 minutes, verify that there is power coming to the control or thermostat.
Contact WarmlyYours.com after verifying that there is power at the plug point. Under no circumstances tamper with or attempt to repair
the heater – this will render the warranty null and void.
c) Use reasonable care in the operation of the heater. Do not drop heavy articles on the carpet, or pierce the carpet with sharp objects.
d) Turn off the heater when shampooing carpets or if any spillage occurs to eliminate undue shrinkage. Do not turn on again until carpet,
underlay and heater are all dry.
e) To prevent possible overheating or discoloration of the carpet, do not cover the heated carpet for long periods with articles like foam
mattresses, sleeper couches, pillows, etc.
f) All restrictions and instructions in this installation manual must be complied with. If they are not complied with the warranty is void.
Environ II is a trademark of WarmlyYours.com Inc., this Environ II electric radiant floor heating panel is manufactured by Warmup
Heating Systems, Inc. in South Africa, and distributed exclusively by WarmlyYours.com in North America, Canada and Mexico.
WarmlyYours.com Inc
590 Telser Road
Lake Zurich IL 60047
Ph. (800) 875.5285
Fax. (800) 408.1100
Email: Environ2@warmlyyours.com
Website: www.WarmlyYours.com
20003-H
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