Runco Projector Reflection User manual

Runco Projector Reflection User manual
O W N E R ’S O P E R A T I N G M A N U A L
CL-410
CL-420
DLP™ Projectors
TWO YEAR LIMITED WARRANTY
For Projectors, Video Processors and Controllers
Congratulations on your purchase of a Runco video product and welcome to the Runco family! We believe Runco produces
“The World’s Finest Home Theater Products.” With proper installation, setup and care, you should enjoy many years of
unparalleled video performance.
This is a LIMITED WARRANTY as defined in the Magnuson-Moss Warranty Act. Please read it carefully and retain it with your
other important documents.
WHAT IS COVERED UNDER THE TERMS OF THIS LIMITED WARRANTY:
SERVICE LABOR: Runco will pay for service labor by Runco Authorized Service Center when needed as a result of
manufacturing defect for a period of two (2) years from the effective date of delivery to the end user (excluding the lamp).
PARTS (not including the lamp): Runco will provide new or rebuilt replacement parts for the parts that fail due to defects in
materials or workmanship for a period of two (2) years from the effective date of delivery to the end user. Such replacement
parts are then subsequently warranted for the remaining portion (if any) of the original warranty period.
PROJECTOR LAMP: Runco will pay for service labor by a Runco Authorized Service Center when needed as a result of a
manufacturing defect for a period of six (6) months or 1000 hours, whichever comes first, from the effective date of delivery to
the end user. In addition, Runco will provide a new or rebuilt replacement lamp for the lamp that fails due to defects in materials
or workmanship for a period of six (6) months or 1000 hours, whichever comes first, from the effective date of delivery to the
end user. Such replacement lamps are then subsequently warranted for the remaining portion (if any) of the original warranty
period.
WHAT IS NOT COVERED UNDER THE TERMS OF THIS LIMITED WARRANTY:
This Limited Warranty only covers failure due to defects in materials and workmanship that occur during normal use and does
not cover normal maintenance. This Limited Warranty does not cover cabinets or any appearance items; failure resulting from
accident, misuse, abuse, neglect, mishandling, misapplication, faulty or improper installation or setup adjustments; improper
maintenance, alteration, improper use of any input signal; damage due to lightning or power line surges, spikes and
brownouts; damage that occurs during shipping or transit; or damage that is attributed to acts of God. In the case of remote
control units, damage resulting from leaking, old, damaged or improper batteries is also excluded from coverage under this
Limited Warranty.
CAUTION: THIS LIMITED WARRANTY ONLY COVERS RUNCO PRODUCTS PURCHASED FROM RUNCO AUTHORIZED
DEALERS. ALL OTHER PRODUCTS ARE SPECIFICALLY EXCLUDED FROM COVERAGE UNDER THIS WARRANTY.
MOREOVER, DAMAGE RESULTING DIRECTLY OR INDIRECTLY FROM IMPROPER INSTALLATION OR SETUP IS
SPECIFICALLY EXCLUDED FROM COVERAGE UNDER THIS LIMITED WARRANTY. IT IS IMPERATIVE THAT INSTALLATION
AND SETUP WORK BE PERFORMED ONLY BY AN AUTHORIZED RUNCO DEALER TO PROTECT YOUR RIGHTS UNDER
THIS WARRANTY. THIS WILL ALSO ENSURE THAT YOU ENJOY THE FINE PERFORMANCE OF WHICH YOUR RUNCO
PRODUCT IS CAPABLE WHEN INSTALLED AND CALIBRATED BY RUNCO AUTHORIZED PERSONNEL.
RIGHTS, LIMITS AND EXCLUSIONS:
Runco limits its obligations under any implied warranties under state laws to a period not to exceed the warranty period. There
are no express warranties. Runco also excludes any obligation on its part for incidental or consequential damages related to
the failure of this product to function properly. Some states do not allow limitations on how long an implied warranty lasts, and
some states do not allow the exclusion or limitation of incidental or consequential damages. So the above limitations or
exclusions may not apply to you. This warranty gives you specific legal rights, and you may also have other rights that vary from
state to state.
Runco CL-410 and CL-420 Owner’s Operating Manual
iii
EFFECTIVE WARRANTY DATE:
This warranty begins on the effective date of delivery to the end user. For your convenience, keep the original bill of sale as
evidence of the purchase date.
IMPORTANT -- WARRANTY REGISTRATION:
Please fill out and mail your warranty registration card. It is imperative that Runco knows how to reach you promptly if we
should discover a safety problem or product update for which you must be notified.
CONTACT A RUNCO AUTHORIZED SERVICE CENTER TO OBTAIN SERVICE:
Repairs made under the terms of this Limited Warranty covering your Runco video product will be performed at the location of
the product, during usual working hours, providing location of product is within normal operating distance from a Runco
Authorized Service Center. In some instances it may be necessary for the product to be returned to the Runco factory for
repairs. If, solely in Runco’s judgment, location of product to be repaired is beyond normal operating distance of the closest
Runco Authorized Service Center, or the repair requires the unit be returned to the Runco factory, it is the owner’s
responsibility to arrange for shipment of the product for repair. These arrangements must be made through the selling Runco
Dealer. If this is not possible, contact Runco directly for a Return Authorization number and shipping instructions. Runco will
return product transportation prepaid in the United States, unless no product defect is discovered. In that instance, shipping
costs will be the responsibility of the owner.
COPYRIGHT AND TRADEMARKS:
© Copyright 2006 Runco International. This document contains proprietary information protected by copyright, trademark and
other intellectual property laws. All rights are reserved. No part of this manual may be reproduced by any mechanical,
electronic or other means, in any form, without prior written permission of the manufacturer.
Reflection, Enhanced GEN3, DHD, Vivix, Virtual Cinema, CineWide, AutoScope, O-Path, CinOptx, LiveLink, CSMS, SuperOnyx
and VirtualWide are trademarks of Runco International. All other trademarks and registered trademarks used in this document
are the property of their respective owners.
Runco International products are manufactured under one or more of the following patents: US. Patent 6755540 and Other
Patents Pending.
iv
Runco CL-410 and CL-420 Owner’s Operating Manual
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION:
To locate the name and address of the nearest Runco Authorized Service Center, or for additional information about this
Limited Warranty, please call or write:
RUNCO INTERNATIONAL, INC.
Attn: Customer Service Department
2900 Faber Street
Union City, CA 94587
Ph: (510) 324-7777
Fax: (510) 324-9300
Toll Free: (800) 23-RUNCO
RUNCO VIDEO-PRODUCT INFORMATION
RETAIN THIS INFORMATION FOR YOUR RECORDS
_________________________________________________________
________________________________________
Model Purchased
Date
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Serial Number
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Runco Authorized Dealer Name
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Address
____________________________________________
__________________
________________________
City
State/Province
Postal Code
____________________________________________
_______________________________________________________
Phone
Fax
Runco CL-410 and CL-420 Owner’s Operating Manual
v
Safety Precautions
Thank you for your purchase of this quality Runco video projector! It has been designed to provide you with the quality of video
that is expected in a home theater. For the best performance, please read this manual carefully as it is your guide through the
menus and operation.
CAUTION
RISK OF ELECTRIC SHOCK
DO NOT OPEN
CAUTION:
TO REDUCE THE RISK OF ELECTRIC SHOCK
DO NOT REMOVE COVER (OR BACK)
NO USER SERVICEABLE PARTS INSIDE.
REFER SERVICING TO QUALIFIED
SERVICE PERSONNEL.
WARNING
This symbol is intended to alert the user to the presence of
uninsulated “dangerous voltage” within the product’s enclosure
that may be of sufficient magnitude to constitute a risk of electric
shock.
This symbol is intended to alert the user to the presence of
important operating and maintenance (servicing) instructions in the
literature accompanying the appliance.
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC
Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential installation.
1. Read these instructions.
2. Keep these instructions.
3. Heed all warnings.
4. Do not use this equipment near water, outdoors or otherwise exposed to the elements.
5. Clean only with a dry cloth.
6. Do not block any ventilation openings.
7. Do not install near any heat sources such as radiators, heat registers, stoves, or other apparatus (including amplifiers) that
produce heat.
8. Do not defeat the safety feature of the polarized or grounding type plug. A polarized type plug has two blades with one
wider than the other. A grounding type plug has two blades and a third grounding prong. The third prong is provided for
your safety. If the provided plug does not fit into your outlet, consult an electrician for the replacement of the obsolete
outlet.
9. The 12V trigger only outputs DC 12V signal for triggering. Do not connect to any other power input or output. This could
cause damage to this unit.
10. Only use accessories specified by Runco International.
11. Keep the packing material in case the equipment should ever need to be shipped.
12. Unplug this projector during lightning storms or when it will not be used for an extended period of time.
13. The lamp becomes extremely hot during operation. Allow the projector to cool down for approximately 45 minutes prior to
removing the lamp assembly for replacement. Do not operate lamps beyond the rated lamp life. Excessive operation of
lamps beyond rated life could cause them to explode in rare occasions.
14. Refer all servicing to qualified service personnel. Servicing is required when the projector has been damaged in any way,
objects have fallen or spilled into the projector, the projector has been exposed to rain or moisture, does not operate
normally, or has been dropped.
vi
Runco CL-410 and CL-420 Owner’s Operating Manual
1
Table of Contents
TWO YEAR LIMITED WARRANTY ................................................................................. iii
Safety Precautions ......................................................................................................... vi
1. Introduction ...............................................................................................................1
About This Manual .......................................................................................................1
Target Audience .....................................................................................................1
If You Have Comments About This Manual... ..........................................................1
Textual and Graphic Conventions ...........................................................................1
Using This Manual ........................................................................................................2
Description, Features and Benefits ...............................................................................3
Key Features and Benefits ......................................................................................3
Parts List ...............................................................................................................4
2. Controls and Functions ............................................................................................5
CL-410/CL-420 at a Glance .........................................................................................5
Front/Top/Side View ...............................................................................................5
Rear/Top/Side View ...............................................................................................6
CL-410/CL-420 Remote Control ..................................................................................8
3. Installation ...............................................................................................................11
Remote Control ..........................................................................................................11
Notes on Batteries ................................................................................................11
Notes on Remote Control Operation .....................................................................12
Quick Setup ...............................................................................................................13
Installation Considerations ..........................................................................................14
Installation Type ...................................................................................................14
Ambient Light ......................................................................................................14
Other Considerations ...........................................................................................14
Throw Distance.....................................................................................................15
Vertical and Horizontal Position.............................................................................16
Vertical and Horizontal Lens Shift..........................................................................16
Adjusting the Projection Angle ..............................................................................18
Mounting ..............................................................................................................19
Folded Optics .......................................................................................................19
Runco CL-410 and CL-420 Owner’s Operating Manual
vii
Table of Contents
Connections to the CL-410/CL-420 ...........................................................................20
Connector Panel Access.......................................................................................20
Connecting the CL-410/CL-420 to Source Components ......................................20
RS-232 Controller Connection ..............................................................................25
Connecting to the 12-Volt Trigger Output .............................................................26
4. Operation .................................................................................................................27
Turning on the Power .................................................................................................27
Adjusting the Projector Height or Projection Angle ......................................................27
Changing the OSD Language .....................................................................................28
Adjusting the Picture Orientation ................................................................................28
Lens Adjustments ......................................................................................................29
Focus/Zoom .........................................................................................................29
Shift .....................................................................................................................30
Using the On-Screen Menus ......................................................................................30
Main Menu ...........................................................................................................32
Source Select ......................................................................................................32
Aspect Ratio ........................................................................................................32
Picture Adjust ......................................................................................................34
Image Option .......................................................................................................40
Installation ............................................................................................................42
ISF Settings .........................................................................................................44
5. Maintenance and Troubleshooting ........................................................................47
Cleaning the Projector ................................................................................................47
Cleaning the Lens ......................................................................................................47
Cleaning the Intake and Exhaust Vents .......................................................................48
Lamp Maintenance .....................................................................................................48
Lamp Cautions ...........................................................................................................49
Lamp Replacement ....................................................................................................50
Troubleshooting Tips ..................................................................................................51
6. Serial Communications ..........................................................................................53
RS-232 Connection and Port Configuration ...............................................................53
Serial Command Syntax .............................................................................................53
7. Specifications ..........................................................................................................55
CL-410/CL-420 Specifications ...................................................................................55
CL-410/CL-420 Dimensions ......................................................................................57
Computer Signal Compatibility ...................................................................................58
Video Signal Compatibility ..........................................................................................60
viii
Runco CL-410 and CL-420 Owner’s Operating Manual
1
List of Figures
2-1. CL-410/CL-420 Top/Front/Side View ...........................................................................5
2-2. CL-410/CL-420 Rear/Top/Side View............................................................................6
2-3. CL-410/CL-420 Remote Control ..................................................................................8
3-1. Available Range of the Remote Control ......................................................................12
3-2. Estimating Throw Distance .........................................................................................15
3-3. Projector Placement ...................................................................................................16
3-4. Vertical Lens Shift (Example only) ...............................................................................16
3-5. Horizontal Lens Shift (Example only) ...........................................................................17
3-6. Folded Optics.............................................................................................................19
3-7. HDMI (or DVI) Source Connections.............................................................................21
3-8. Analog RGB Connections...........................................................................................22
3-9. Component Video Connections..................................................................................23
3-10. Composite and S-Video Connections.......................................................................24
3-11. RS-232 Control System Connection.........................................................................25
3-12. Connecting the 12-Volt Trigger Output .....................................................................26
4-1. Adjusting the Feet ......................................................................................................27
4-2. Focus and Zoom Controls ..........................................................................................29
4-3. Vertical and Horizontal Lens Shift Controls .................................................................30
4-4. CL-410/CL-420 OSD Menu Structure ........................................................................31
4-5. Typical PLUGE Pattern for Adjusting Brightness .........................................................35
4-6. Typical Gray Bar Pattern for Adjusting Contrast ..........................................................36
4-7. Typical Color Bar Pattern for Adjusting Color Saturation and Tint................................36
4-8. Typical Test Pattern for Adjusting Sharpness..............................................................38
4-9. CIE 1931 Chromaticity Diagram .................................................................................39
4-10. Horizonal and Vertical Keystone Correction ..............................................................43
4-11. ISF-Enabled CL-410/CL-420 Splash Screen ............................................................45
7-1. CL-410/CL-420 Dimensions.......................................................................................57
Runco CL-410 and CL-420 Owner’s Operating Manual
ix
List of Figures
Notes:
x
Runco CL-410 and CL-420 Owner’s Operating Manual
1. Introduction
This Owner’s Manual describes how to install, set up and operate the Runco CL-410 and
CL-420 DLP Projectors. Throughout this manual, the Runco CL-410 and CL-420 DLP
Projectors are referred to collectively as the “CL-410/CL-420.” The information in this
manual applies to both projectors except where otherwise indicated.
Runco has prepared this manual to help home theater installers and end users get the
most out of the CL-410/CL-420.
1.1
About This Manual
Target Audience
Runco has made every effort to ensure that this manual is accurate as of the date it was
printed. However, because of ongoing product improvements and customer feedback, it
may require updating from time to time. You can always find the latest version of this and
other Runco product manuals on-line, at www.runco.com.
Runco welcomes your comments about this manual. Send them to [email protected]
If You Have Comments
About This Manual...
Text Conventions: The following conventions are used in this manual, in order to clarify
the information and instructions provided:
Textual and Graphic
Conventions
• Remote and built-in keypad button identifiers are set in upper-case bold type; for
example, “Press EXIT to return to the previous menu.”
• Computer input (commands you type) and output (responses that appear on-screen) is
shown in monospace (fixed-width) type; for example: “To change the aspect ratio to
Letterbox, type RRD02.”
• All keys with functional names are initial-capped, set in bold type and enclosed in angle
brackets. These keys are the following: <Enter>, <Spacebar>, <Control>,
<Esc> and <Tab>.
• <Enter> indicates that you may press either the RETURN or ENTER key on your
keyboard if it has both keys.
In addition to these conventions, underlining, boldface and/or italics are occasionally used
to highlight important information, as in this example:
Note
A carriage return must be used after each command or string.
Runco CL-410 and CL-420 Owner’s Operating Manual
1
Introduction
Graphic Conventions: These symbols appear in numerous places throughout the
manual, to emphasize points that you must keep in mind to avoid problems with your
equipment or injury:
1.2
Using This Manual
Tip
TIPS highlight time-saving short cuts and helpful guidelines for using
certain features.
Note
NOTES emphasize text with unusual importance or special
significance. They also provide supplemental information.
Caution
CAUTIONS alert users that a given action or omitted action can
degrade performance or cause a malfunction.
WARNING
WARNINGS appear when a given action or omitted action can result
in damage to the equipment, or possible non-fatal injury to the user.
DANGER!
DANGER appears when a given action can cause severe injury or
death.
Use the following table to locate the specific information you need in this manual.
If you need...
... Turn to page:
Information about obtaining service
iv
General information about the CL-410 and
CL-420 DLP Projectors
3
Installation instructions
11
First-time configuration instructions
28
Advanced configuration instructions
44
Troubleshooting tips
51
CL-410 and CL-420 DLP Projectors specifications
55
2
Runco CL-410 and CL-420 Owner’s Operating Manual
Introduction
The Runco CL-410 and CL-420 DLP Projectors combine a highly efficient optical light
engine with broad installation and integration options.
Runco has implemented a host of advancements into the projector’s light engine to take
full advantage of its widescreen, high-definition SuperOnyx™ Digital Micromirror Device
(DMD™) chip. The CL-410/CL-420 features Enhanced GEN 3™ technology to produce
deeper blacks, greater contrast ratio and brightness, and richly saturated colors.
1.3
Description, Features
and Benefits
Among the CL-410/CL-420’s features are a sophisticated color-balancing system that
results in the industry’s best gray scale tracking, and far surpasses the capabilities of CRT
projectors. Accurate gray scale reproduction is vital to vibrant, true-to-life color
reproduction, as well as superior black level and white level performance. Runco’s
acclaimed Vivix™ video processing and scaling assure pristine video imagery, while the
CL-410/CL-420’s generous light output capability is powerful enough to handle screens
as large as 96 inches wide with ease.
The CL-420 features a 16:9 aspect ratio resolution of 1280 x 720; the CL-410 boasts a
native resolution of 1024 x 576. Both models provide an HDMI input for pure digital video
signal transmission. In addition, the projector’s broad lens shift capability, variable throw
distance, and electronic horizontal and vertical keystone correction allow for flexible
placement within virtually any theater environment. Discrete IR and/or serial control makes
it simple to partner the CL-410/CL-420 with other audio/video components and
automated control systems for a truly high-end, home cinema system.
The CL-410/CL-420 offers these key features and benefits:
Key Features and Benefits
• Native Resolution: 1024 x 576 (CL-410) or 1280 x 720 (CL-420)
• High-performance Digital Light Processing (DLP™) engine
• HDMI Input with High-bandwidth Digital Content Protection (HDCP)
• HDTV Compatible
Runco CL-410 and CL-420 Owner’s Operating Manual
3
Introduction
Parts List ➤
Your CL-410/CL-420 is shipped with the following items. If any items are missing or
damaged, please contact your Runco dealer or Runco Customer Service at
(800) 23-RUNCO.
• CL-410 or CL-420 DLP Projector
• AC Power Cord (North America)
• AC Power Cord (Europe)
• Remote Control Unit and two (2), AAA-size batteries
• HD 15-pin VGA to HD 15-pin VGA cable
• DVI-D to DVI-D cable
• DVI-to-HDMI adapter
• Composite video cable (RCA)
• +12-Volt Trigger adapter (3.5-mm, mini phono plug)
• Warranty information and registration card
• Runco CL-410 and CL-420 Owner’s Operating Manual (this document)
Optional Accessories:
• Ceiling mount kit
4
Runco CL-410 and CL-420 Owner’s Operating Manual
2. Controls and Functions
Figure 2-1 and Figure 2-2 show the locations of key CL-410/CL-420 projector
components.
1
Front/Top/Side View
2
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
2.1
CL-410/CL-420 at a
Glance
4
3
Figure 2-1. CL-410/CL-420 Top/Front/Side View
1. TOP IR SENSOR
2. VERTICAL LENS SHIFT DIAL
Shifts the image up or down.
3. INTAKE VENT
4. ADJUSTABLE FEET
Use to adjust the height or projection angle.
5. RUNCO LOGO
The logo can be rotated to match the projector orientation: inverted (ceiling-mounted)
or upright. To rotate the logo, grip it at the sides, pull it away from the projector and
rotate it 180 degrees.
6. FRONT IR SENSOR
Runco CL-410 and CL-420 Owner’s Operating Manual
5
Controls and Functions
7. FOCUS/ZOOM RING
8. EXHAUST VENT
9. HORIZONTAL LENS SHIFT DIAL
10. TEMPERATURE INDICATOR
Flashes blue when the projector is overheated.
11. POWER INDICATOR
Lights solid blue when the projector is in standby mode; flashes blue during
cool-down. During normal operation, this LED is off.
3
2
4
5
1
COMP 2
PR/CR
PR/CR
Y
PB/CB
PB/CB
Y
PB/CB
COMP 2
PR/CR
Y
RGB-HD
Y
PB/CB
PR/CR
S-VIDEO
RGB-HD
COMP 1
VIDEO
HDMI
HDMI
VIDEO
S-VIDEO
COMP 1
RS-232
8
RS-232
AC 110-240
7
AC 110-240
6
RS
-23
2
-23
2
RS
AC
11
0-2
40
AC
11
0-2
40
Rear/Top/Side View ➤
10
9
Figure 2-2. CL-410/CL-420 Rear/Top/Side View
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Runco CL-410 and CL-420 Owner’s Operating Manual
Controls and Functions
1. COMPOSITE VIDEO INPUT
Standard composite video input for connecting a VCR, camcorder, laser disc player
or other composite video source.
2. S-VIDEO
Standard S-Video input for connecting a DVD player, satellite receiver or Super VHS
(S-VHS) VCR.
3. COMPONENT VIDEO (RCA connectors)
Standard-definition (480i/576i) or high-definition (720p/1080i), YPrPb component
input. This is the input for component video from sources such as DVD players.
Tip
For best results, do not run your DVD player in progressive mode.
4. RGB HD
A 15-pin VGA connection to a personal computer or HD tuner with an RGB output.
The CL-410/CL-420 automatically detects the signal resolution: 480p, 576i, 720p or
1080i.
5. HDMI / Computer Input (Digital)
HDCP-compliant digital video input for connecting a DVD player, personal computer
or HD tuner with a DVI or HDMI output.
6. POWER INPUT (100 to 240 VAC)
Connect the CL-410/CL-420 to power here.
7. RS-232 CONTROL PORT
A female, 9-pin D-sub connector for interfacing with a PC or home theater
automation/control system.
8. 12-VOLT TRIGGER (3.5-mm mini phono jack; Tip = +12V; Sleeve = Ground)
For connecting to retractable screens or other devices that respond to 12-volt
triggers. Outputs +12 volts / 250 milliamps when the projector is turned on.
9. LAMP COVER
10. EXHAUST VENT
Runco CL-410 and CL-420 Owner’s Operating Manual
7
Controls and Functions
2.2
CL-410/CL-420
Remote Control
Figure 2-3 shows the CL-410/CL-420 remote control, and the paragraphs that follow
describe its functionality.
1
2
4
3
7
5
6
8
9
12
10
11
Figure 2-3. CL-410/CL-420 Remote Control
1. IR OUTPUT INDICATOR
Lights when a button is pressed to indicate that an IR signal is being transmitted.
2. ON / OFF
Press to turn the projector on or off.
3. Cursor Keys ( , , , )
Use these buttons to select items or settings, adjust settings or switch display
patterns.
4. ENTER
Press to select a highlighted menu item or confirm a changed setting.
5. EXIT
Press this button to exit the current menu and return to the previous one.
8
Runco CL-410 and CL-420 Owner’s Operating Manual
Controls and Functions
6. LIGHT
Press this button to illuminate the buttons.
7. MENU
Press this button to access the on-screen display (OSD) controls.
8. Source Selection Buttons:
VIDEO
Press to switch to the Composite video input.
COMP 1 (Component 1)
Press to switch to the Component 1 (480i/576i/720p/1080i) video input.
RGB HD
Press to switch to the RGB HD input.
S-VID 1 (S-Video)
Press to switch to the S-Video input.
COMP 2 (Component 2)
Press to switch to the Component 2 (480i/576i/720p/1080i) video input.
DVI
Press to switch to the Digital Video (HDMI) input.
9. Aspect Ratio Selection Buttons:
ANA (Anamorphic)
For viewing 16:9 DVDs or HDTV programs in their native aspect ratio.
4X3 (Standard 4:3)
Scales the input signal to fit 4:3 display mode in the center of the screen.
LETBOX (Letterbox)
For viewing LaserDisc movies or non-anamorphic DVDs on a 4:3 screen.
V-WIDE (VirtualWide)
Enlarges a 4:3 image horizontally in a NON-linear fashion to fit 16:9 full screen display.
CINEMA
For viewing 2.35:1 source material on a 1.78:1 (16:9) screen. The upper and lower
portions are masked.
V-CINE (Virtual Cinema)
A 2.35 image is stretched vertically in both directions to fill a 16:9 image.
Memory Preset Buttons:
10. ISF NIGHT
Press to recall settings for the current input from the “ISF Night” memory preset.
11. ISF DAY
Press to recall settings for the current input from the “ISF Day” memory preset.
12. CUST
Press to recall settings for the current input from the “Custom” memory preset.
Runco CL-410 and CL-420 Owner’s Operating Manual
9
Controls and Functions
Notes:
10
Runco CL-410 and CL-420 Owner’s Operating Manual
3. Installation
3.1
Remote Control
To install batteries in the remote control:
1. Press down the tab on the cover and pull
the cover in the direction of the arrow.
2. Insert the included batteries. Ensure that
the polarities correctly match the
and
markings inside the battery
compartment.
3. Insert the lower tab of the cover into the
opening, and press down the cover until it
clicks in place.
• When installing batteries, make sure that the battery polarities are correct.
• Do not mix an old battery with a new one or different types of batteries.
• If you will not use the remote control for a long time, remove the batteries to avoid
damage from battery leakage.
Runco CL-410 and CL-420 Owner’s Operating Manual
11
Notes on Batteries
Installation
Notes on Remote Control ➤
Operation
The remote control can be used to control the projector within the ranges shown in Figure
3-1.
Figure 3-1. Available Range of the Remote Control
Note
The signal from the remote control can be reflected by the screen
or other surfaces.
• For best results, hold the remote control within 23 feet (7m) of the back or top sensor
and aligned within 30°.
• Do not drop the remote control or expose it to moisture or high temperature.
• The remote control may malfunction under a fluorescent lamp. If that occurs, move the
projector away from the fluorescent lamp.
• Make sure that there is nothing obstructing the infrared beam between the remote
control and the IR receiver on the projector.
• If the effective range of the remote control decreases, or it stops working, replace the
batteries with new ones.
• Ambient conditions may possibly impede the operation of the remote control. If this
happens, point the remote control at the projector, and repeat the operation.
12
Runco CL-410 and CL-420 Owner’s Operating Manual
Installation
Table 3-1 gives a quick overview of the CL-410/CL-420 installation process. The sections
following this one provide detailed instructions.
Note
Installation should be performed by a qualified custom video
installation specialist.
Table 3-1. Installation Overview
Step
For Details, refer to
page...
Procedure
1
Choose a location for the projector
14
2
Connect signal sources to the projector
20
3
Connect external controller to RS-232 port (optional)
25
4
Apply power to the projector
27
5
For rear-screen and/or ceiling-mount installations, select
the proper picture orientation
28
6
Lens adjustments: projected image size (zoom), position
(shift) and focus
16, 29
7
Projector calibration: adjust the following for each input,
starting with Component SD; save settings when finished:
• Aspect ratio
• Brightness
• Contrast
• Color level
• Tint
• Input position
32 through 41
Runco CL-410 and CL-420 Owner’s Operating Manual
13
3.2
Quick Setup
Installation
3.3
Installation
Considerations
Installation Type ➤
Proper installation of your projector will ensure the quality of your display. Whether you are
installing a projector temporarily or permanently, you should take the following into
account to ensure your projector performs optimally.
Choose the installation type that best suits your needs: front or rear screen, floor mount or
inverted mount. Table 3-2 compares these various installation methods.
Table 3-2. Projector Installation Options
Advantages
Considerations
Front Screen, Floor Mount Installation
• Easy to set up
• Can be moved or changed quickly
• Easy to access
• Shares floor space with audience
Front Screen, Inverted Mount (ceiling) Installation
• Does not take up audience space
• Projector is unobtrusive
• Projector cannot be accidentally moved
• Installation is more permanent
• Projector access is more difficult
Rear Screen, Floor Mount Installation
• Projector is completely hidden
• Projector is easily accessed
• Usually good ambient light rejection
• Requires separate room
• Installation cost is usually higher
Rear Screen, Inverted Mount (ceiling) Installation
• Projector is completely hidden
• Usually good ambient light rejection
• Requires separate room
• Installation cost is usually higher
Rear Screen, Floor Mount with Mirror
• Projector is completely hidden
• Usually good ambient light rejection
• Requires less space behind screen than
other rear screen installations
Ambient Light ➤
Other Considerations ➤
• Requires separate room
• Installation cost is usually higher
In general, minimize or eliminate light sources directed at the screen. Contrast ratio in your
images will be noticeably reduced if light directly strikes the screen, such as when a shaft
of light from a window or floodlight falls on the image. Images may then appear washed
out and less vibrant.
Other considerations and tips that can help improve your installation:
• Keep the ambient temperature constant and below 35°C (95°F). Keep the projector
away from heating and/or air conditioning vents. Changes in temperature may cause
drifts in the projector circuitry, which may affect performance.
• Keep the projector away from devices that radiate electromagnetic energy such as
motors and transformers. Common sources of these include slide projectors,
speakers, power amplifiers and elevators.
14
Runco CL-410 and CL-420 Owner’s Operating Manual
Installation
Throw distance is the distance measured from the front of the projector to the screen.
This is an important calculation in any projector installation as it determines whether or not
you have enough room to install your projector with a desired screen size and if your
image will be the right size for your screen.
You can quickly estimate the throw distance by taking the width of the screen and
multiplying it by the lens throw ratio; see Figure 3-2.
The CL-410 has a lens throw ratio of between 1.37 and 1.67.
The CL-420 has a lens throw ratio of between 1.40 and 1.70.
The result of this calculation tells you roughly how far back the projector should be
positioned from the screen in order to project a focused image large enough to fill the
screen.
For example, with an 8-foot (96-inch) wide screen:
• The CL-410 has a throw distance range of between 131.5 inches (3.34 meters) and
160.3 inches (4.07 meters).
• The CL-420 has a throw distance range of between 134.4 inches (3.41 meters) and
163.2 inches (4.14 meters).
Estimating Throw Distance (TD)
CL-410:
Minimum TD = Screen Width x 1.37
Maximum TD = Screen Width x 1.67
Scr
een
CL-420:
Minimum TD = Screen Width x 1.40
Maximum TD = Screen Width x 1.70
wid
th (
w)
TD
Figure 3-2. Estimating Throw Distance
Runco CL-410 and CL-420 Owner’s Operating Manual
15
Throw Distance
Installation
Vertical and Horizontal ➤
Position
Proper placement of the projector relative to the screen will yield a rectangular,
perfectly-centered image that completely fills the screen.
Ideally, the projector should be positioned perpendicular to the screen and in such a way
that the lens center and screen center are aligned with each other, as shown in Figure 3-3.
Ceiling Installation
Ceiling
Height
Projection Distance
Lens Center
x
Screen
Lens Center
Floor Installation
Height
Screen
Lens Center
Lens Center
x
Projection Distance
Floor
Figure 3-3. Projector Placement
Vertical and Horizontal ➤
Lens Shift
If it is not possible to align the projector and screen as shown in Figure 3-3, you can use
the lens shift controls to center the image on the screen. Lens shift is generally expressed
as a percentage of the screen height or width, as shown in Figure 3-4 and Figure 3-5.
Screen Center
0%
50% Height
Lens Shift
(0.5 x H)
Base plate
to lens center =
approx. 4" (depending
on the amount of lens shift)
100% Height
Lens Shift
(1.0 x H)
150% Height
Lens Shift
(1.5 x H)
Note: This is a general example of lens shift. Lenses vary in their shift capabilities. No particular
lens or projector is shown in this example.
Figure 3-4. Vertical Lens Shift (Example only)
16
Runco CL-410 and CL-420 Owner’s Operating Manual
Installation
150% Width Lens Shift
(1.5 x W)
100% Width Lens Shift
(1.0 x W)
50% Width Lens Shift
(0.5 x W)
Screen Center
0%
Screen Width (W)
Note: This is a general example of lens shift. Lenses vary in their shift capabilities. No particular
lens or projector is shown in this example.
Figure 3-5. Horizontal Lens Shift (Example only)
Runco CL-410 and CL-420 Owner’s Operating Manual
17
Installation
Table 3-3 gives the lens shift limits for the CL-410 and CL-420, as percentages and
absolute measurements with a 96 x 54 inch (1.78:1) screen.
Table 3-3. Vertical and Horizontal Lens Shift Limits
CL-410
CL-420
Lens Shift Limits, as Percentages of Screen Height or Width (Notes 1 and 2)
Vertical
(Notes 2 and 3)
Horizontal
(Note 2)
Up
40%
46%
Down
60%
63%
Left
8%
Right
8%
Lens Shift Limits in Inches, with a 96-by-54 inch (1.78:1) Screen
Up
21.60
24.84
Down
32.40
34.02
Vertical
Left
7.68
Right
7.68
Horizontal
Notes:
1. With no vertical or horizontal lens shift, the lens center and screen center are aligned with each
other.
2. Vertical shift limits are percentages of the screen height. Horizontal shift limits are percentages of
the screen width.
3. Vertical lens shift figures apply to ceiling mount configurations. For floor installations
(where the projector is upright), reverse the up/down vertical offset percentages.
Adjusting the Projection ➤
Angle
If the screen is significantly higher or lower than the projector, you can also tilt the
projector at a slight angle. In a ceiling installation, you do this by adjusting the ceiling
mount. For a floor installation, turn the four adjustable feet on the bottom of the projector
to adjust the projector height and/or projection angle.
If you do this, you may need to shift the image or apply keystone correction using the
on-screen display (OSD) controls, to compensate. For detailed instructions, refer to Using
the On-Screen Menus on page 30.
18
Runco CL-410 and CL-420 Owner’s Operating Manual
Installation
There are several methods for mounting the projector. Depending on your chosen
installation, one method may be more suitable than another.
Mounting
Floor Mounting: In typical front and rear screen installations the projector can be
mounted to a secure and level surface, such as a table or cart. Carts are useful when
moving a projector during a presentation or from site to site. If possible, lock the wheels
when it’s in position to prevent it from being moved during a presentation.
Ceiling Mounting: The projector can also be inverted and suspended from the ceiling
using a specially designed ceiling mount fixture. This type of mounting is recommended
for fixed installations and for those that want the projector out of sight or have a limited
space for projector and audience.
Use only the Runco-approved ceiling mount kit designed for your
projector.
Note
In rear-screen applications where space behind the projector is limited, a mirror may be
used to fold the optical path, as shown in Figure 3-6. The position of the projector and
mirror must be accurately set. If you are considering this type of installation, contact your
dealer for assistance.
Screen
Mirror
Figure 3-6. Folded Optics
Runco CL-410 and CL-420 Owner’s Operating Manual
19
Folded Optics
Installation
3.4
Connections to the
CL-410/CL-420
Proceed as follows to connect the CL-410/CL-420 to your video sources, external
controller(s) -- if present -- and AC power.
When connecting your equipment:
• Turn off all equipment before making any connections.
• Use the correct signal cables for each source.
• Ensure that the cables are securely connected. Tighten the thumbscrews on
connectors that have them.
Connector Panel Access ➤
Connecting the ➤
CL-410/CL-420 to Source
Components
To access the connector panel, pull firmly on the cable access cover to open it.
Connect your video sources to the CL-410/CL-420 as shown and described in the
sections that follow.
HDMI Connections: The CL-410/CL-420 has an HDMI input for connecting a DVD
player, DTV decoder, personal computer or any other device with a DVI or HDMI output.
Connect such devices as shown in Figure 3-7.
Tip
Note
Use the HDMI input whenever possible. This ensures the highest
video quality because the signal is carried in the digital domain
throughout the entire signal path, from source component output
into the projector.
To connect a DVI component, use the DVI-to-HDMI adapter and
cable provided with the projector.
The CL-410/CL-420 supports the VESA Display Data Channel (DDC)
standard. This standard provides “Plug and Play” capability; the
projector and a VESA DDC-compatible computer communicate their
setting requirements, allowing for quick and easy setup.
In order for Plug and Play to work correctly, you must turn on the
projector before you turn on the connected computer.
20
Runco CL-410 and CL-420 Owner’s Operating Manual
Installation
COMP 2
PR/CR
PB/CB
PB/CB
PR/CR
Y
COMP 2
Y
PB/CB
Y
RGB-HD
Y
PR/CR
RGB-HD
PB/CB
PR/CR
S-VIDEO
HDMI
HDMI
COMP 1
VIDEO
VIDEO
S-VIDEO
COMP 1
RS-232
RS-232
HDMI or DVI Source
(DVD Player
or HD Set Top Box)
Note: To connect a DVI source, use the HDMI-to-DVI adapter and DVI cable provided with the
projector.
Figure 3-7. HDMI (or DVI) Source Connections
Runco CL-410 and CL-420 Owner’s Operating Manual
21
Installation
RGB-HD Connections: The CL-410/CL-420 has an RGB input for connecting a
personal computer or DTV decoder with an RGB output. See Figure 3-8.
COMP 2
PR/CR
PB/CB
Y
RGB-HD
HDMI
PB/CB
PR/CR
Y
COMP 2
Y
PB/CB
Y
PB/CB
PR/CR
RGB-HD
PR/CR
S-VIDEO
HDMI
COMP 1
VIDEO
VIDEO
S-VIDEO
COMP 1
RS-232
RS-232
Personal
Computer
Figure 3-8. Analog RGB Connections
Note
1. Refer to Computer Signal Compatibility on page 58 for a list of
computer signals compatible with the CL-410/CL-420. Use with
signals other than those listed may cause some functions not to
work.
2. Some Macintosh computers may require a Macintosh video
adapter. Contact your nearest authorized service center or dealer.
3. This CL-410/CL-420 may not be able to display images from
notebook computers in simultaneous (CRT/LCD) mode. Should
this occur, switch the notebook computer to “CRT only” mode. If
you are unsure how to do this, refer to your notebook computer’s
user manual.
22
Runco CL-410 and CL-420 Owner’s Operating Manual
Installation
Component Video Connections: If you have a DVD player or DTV decoder with a
component (YPbPr) output, connect it to the COMP 1 or COMP 2 input as shown in
Figure 3-9.
COMP 2
PR/CR
PB/CB
PB/CB
PR/CR
Y
COMP 2
PB/CB
Y
RGB-HD
HDMI
Y
PB/CB
Y
PR/CR
RGB-HD
PR/CR
S-VIDEO
HDMI
COMP 1
VIDEO
VIDEO
S-VIDEO
COMP 1
RS-232
RS-232
Pr/Cr Pb/Cb
Y
Component
Video Source
(DVD Player
or HD Set Top Box)
Figure 3-9. Component Video Connections
Runco CL-410 and CL-420 Owner’s Operating Manual
23
Installation
Composite/S-Video Connections: The CL-410/CL-420 has S-Video and composite
video inputs for connecting a DVD player, VCR, satellite receiver, camcorder, laser disc
player et cetera; see Figure 3-10.
COMP 2
PR/CR
PB/CB
PB/CB
Y
COMP 2
Y
PR/CR
PB/CB
Y
RGB-HD
HDMI
Y
PB/CB
PR/CR
RGB-HD
PR/CR
S-VIDEO
HDMI
COMP 1
VIDEO
VIDEO
S-VIDEO
COMP 1
RS-232
RS-232
Composite S-Video
DVD Player, VCR,
Satellite Receiver
etc.
Figure 3-10. Composite and S-Video Connections
24
Runco CL-410 and CL-420 Owner’s Operating Manual
Installation
Use a standard, 9-pin RS-232 cable to connect a PC or home theater control/automation
system (if present) to the RS-232 port on the CL-410/CL-420; see Figure 3-11.
For more information about using this connection, refer to Serial Communications on
page 53.
COMP 2
PR/CR
PB/CB
RGB-HD
Y
PB/CB
Y
COMP 2
Y
PR/CR
PB/CB
Y
PB/CB
PR/CR
HDMI
RGB-HD
PR/CR
S-VIDEO
HDMI
COMP 1
VIDEO
VIDEO
S-VIDEO
COMP 1
RS-232
RS-232
5
4
9
2
3
8
7
1
6
2 Transmit Data
3 Receive Data
5 Ground
All others = not used
To PC or Automation/
Control System
Figure 3-11. RS-232 Control System Connection
Runco CL-410 and CL-420 Owner’s Operating Manual
25
RS-232 Controller
Connection
Installation
If your home theater contains a retractable screen or other, 12-Volt trigger-activated
equipment, connect it to the 12-volt trigger output on the CL-410/CL-420 as shown in
Figure 3-12.
COMP 2
PR/CR
PR/CR
Y
PB/CB
PB/CB
Y
PB/CB
COMP 2
PB/CB
PR/CR
Y
RGB-HD
HDMI
Y
PR/CR
S-VIDEO
RGB-HD
COMP 1
VIDEO
HDMI
VIDEO
S-VIDEO
COMP 1
RS-232
RS-232
Connecting to the 12-Volt ➤
Trigger Output
Retractable Screen
or other, 12-volt
trigger-activated equipment
3.5-mm
mini plug
Black = Ground (Sleeve)
Red = +12V (Tip)
Figure 3-12. Connecting the 12-Volt Trigger Output
26
Runco CL-410 and CL-420 Owner’s Operating Manual
4. Operation
4.1
Turning on the Power
1. Turn on your source components.
2. Plug the female end of the power cord into the
AC receptacle on the rear of the
CL-410/CL-420 (AC 100V ~ 240V).
3. Connect the other end to your AC power
source. The power indicator lights blue to
indicate that the CL-410/CL-420 is in
“standby” mode.
4. Press the ON button on the remote control to
turn on the projector. The power indicator
turns off.
5. After a brief warm-up period (approximately 10
seconds), the CL-410/CL-420 will start projecting.
When the CL-410/CL-420 is installed upright, you can adjust the projector height or
projection angle by turning the four adjustable feet on the bottom of the projector; see
Figure 4-1. This is useful for correcting the angle of projection when the projector is placed
on an uneven surface or when the screen is at an angle. You can tilt the projector up to
five (5) degrees up or down by adjusting the feet.
The feet are connected to threaded bolts; turn them clockwise to raise the projector or
counterclockwise to lower it.
Note
Tilting the projector may cause keystone distortion. To correct this,
refer to Keystone Correction on page 43.
5° max.
Adjustment feet
5° max.
Figure 4-1. Adjusting the Feet
Runco CL-410 and CL-420 Owner’s Operating Manual
27
4.2
Adjusting the
Projector Height or
Projection Angle
Operation
4.3
Changing the OSD
Language
The CL-410/CL-420 OSD language is initially set to English, but can also display the
menus in French, Italian, German or Spanish. To change the OSD language:
1. Press MENU.
2. Select Installation from the Main Menu.
3. Select Language from the Installation Menu.
4. Press
4.4
Adjusting the Picture
Orientation
or
to select the desired language. The change takes effect immediately.
By default, the CL-410/CL-420 is configured for a “floor/front” installation, in which the
projector is installed upright and in front of the screen. If it is installed behind the screen
and/or mounted on a ceiling, you must change the picture orientation. To do this:
1. Press MENU.
2. Select Installation from the Main Menu.
3. Select Picture Configuration from the Installation Menu.
4. Choose Floor Rear, Ceiling Front or Ceiling Rear, to match the installation method.
28
Runco CL-410 and CL-420 Owner’s Operating Manual
Operation
The CL-410/CL-420 gives you a great deal of control over the picture size, position and
focus. Figure 4-2 shows the location of the focus and zoom controls; Figure 4-3 shows
the location of the lens shift controls.
To focus the projected image, rotate the focus ring left or right.
To make the picture larger (zoom in), rotate the zoom ring to the left, toward the Runco
logo. To make the picture smaller (zoom out), rotate the zoom ring to the right.
Zoom
ring
Focus
ring
Focus ring
Zoom ring
Zoom out
Zoom in
Figure 4-2. Focus and Zoom Controls
Runco CL-410 and CL-420 Owner’s Operating Manual
29
4.5
Lens Adjustments
Focus/Zoom
Operation
Shift ➤
To change the projected image position, rotate the vertical and/or horizontal lens shift
dials.
Caution
Do not force the lens shift dials beyond their respective ranges. This
may cause the projector to malfunction.
Lens shift dial
(Horizontal)
Lens shift dial
(Vertical)
Figure 4-3. Vertical and Horizontal Lens Shift Controls
4.6
Using the On-Screen
Menus
To use the on-screen menus:
1. Press MENU to display the Main Menu.
2. To select a menu item, use the up- or down-arrow buttons (
control to highlight it.
,
) on the remote
3. Press the right- or left-arrow button (
access that menu.
or
, depending on the OSD position) to
4. Use the up- or down-arrow buttons (
,
) to select the setting you want to change.
5. Press the right- or left-arrow button (
,
) to change that setting;
-- OR -With some settings, you can press ENTER to hide the OSD menus and display a
slidebar for that setting only. Then, press the right- or left-arrow button ( ,
) to
change it.
6. To return to the previous menu, press EXIT.
The CL-410/CL-420 OSD menus are arranged hierarchically, as shown in Figure 4-4.
Depending on the selected input source, some menu options may not be available.
30
Runco CL-410 and CL-420 Owner’s Operating Manual
Operation
Picture Adjust
Brightness
Contrast
Color
Tint
Sharpness
Gamma
Color Temp
ICC Select
White Balance
Source Select
Aspect Ratio
Save Settings
Restore Picture Settings
Video
S-Video
Component 1
Component 2
RGB-HD
HDMI/DVI
Anamorphic (16/9)
Standard (4/3) (not
available with HD signals)
LetterBox
VirtualWide
Cinema
Virtual Cinema
HD/RGB Adjust
(available only when
RGB-HD input is selected)
Image Position
(not available on HDMI
input)
Image Option
Over Scan Adjust
SDTV Adjust
(not available on HDMI or
RGB-HD inputs)
Brightness Enhance
Lamp Power
Information (read-only)
Brightness
Contrast
Color
Tint
Sharpness
Gamma
Color Temp
Picture Setting
(not available on HDMI or RGB-HD
inputs)
1, 2, 3, 4, 5
1.0, 1.5, 1.8, 2.0, 2.2, 2.35, 2.5, 2.8
5,000K, 5,500K, ... 10,000K
Standard, NTSC, HDTV, PAL
R/G/B Gain
R/G/B Offset
ISF Settings
Picture Configuration
Installation
OSD Timeout
OSD Transparent
Source Detect
Auto Power Off
Blue Enable
OSD Position
Keystone
Fan High Speed Mode
ICC Adjust
ISF Enable
Blue Enable
Splash Screen Timer
Noise Reduction
Clock
Phase
Reset
Execute Auto Tune
Auto Tune
H Position
V Position
Reset
0% to 10%
Chroma Enhance
Video On Film (on/off)
Film Mode
(on/off)
200W or 250W
source, resolution, V Frequency,
H Frequency, Lamp Timer, firmware
version
English, French, Italian, German or
Spanish
Floor Front, Ceiling Rear, Floor Rear
or Ceiling Front
5 secs., 15 secs. or 60 secs.
(on/off)
Auto or Manual
(on/off)
(on/off)
Top Left, Bottom Left, Top Right or
Bottom Right
V Keystone
H Keystone
Reset
(on/off)
Figure 4-4. CL-410/CL-420 OSD Menu Structure
Runco CL-410 and CL-420 Owner’s Operating Manual
1, 2, 3, 4, 5
1.0, 1.5, 1.8, 2.0, 2.2, 2.35, 2.5, 2.8
5,000K, 5,500K, ... 10,000K
Custom 1, ISF Day, ISF Night
R/G/B Gain
R/G/B Offset
Save Settings
Lamp Timer Reset
Custom 1, ISF Day, ISF Night
Restore Factory Settings
Language
White Balance
(not available on HDMI or RGB-HD
inputs)
31
Standard, NTSC, HDTV, PAL
Intensity, Saturation, Hue
(on/off)
(on/off)
15, 20, 25, 30, ... 60 secs.
0, 1, 2, ... 8
Operation
Main Menu ➤
Runco CL-420
The Main Menu is the starting point for accessing all projector functions.
(The ISF Settings menu is grayed out and not accessible until you enter a passcode.)
Picture Adjust
Source Select
Aspect Ratio
Image Option
Installation
ISF Settings
Source Select ➤
Source select
→
Video
From the Main Menu, select Source select to choose a video signal source.
The active source is indicated by an arrow (→) to its left; in the example at left, Video is the
active source.
S-Video
Component 1
Component 2
RGB-HD
HDMI/DVI
Aspect Ratio ➤
Aspect Ratio
→
Anamorphic (16/9)
Standard (4/3)
To change the aspect ratio (size and shape) of the projected image, select Aspect Ratio
from the Main Menu and press ENTER. Select the appropriate aspect ratio for the type of
program material being viewed; refer to Table 4-1.
The currently-selected aspect ratio is indicated by an arrow (→) to its left; in the example
at left, Anamorphic is selected.
LetterBox
VirtualWide
Cinema
Virtual Cinema
Note
When you change the aspect ratio, save the change to a preset
afterwards. Otherwise, the change will be lost when a different
input is selected. (The aspect ratio is saved for each input and
resolution separately.) For information about saving settings, refer
to Save Settings on page 40.
32
Runco CL-410 and CL-420 Owner’s Operating Manual
Operation
Table 4-1. Aspect Ratio Settings
Aspect Ratio
Anamorphic
(16/9)
Remote
Control
Key
Description
ANA
16:9 Image on
16:9 Screen
Select Anamorphic to view
16:9 DVDs and HDTV
programs in their native
aspect ratio. 4:3 images are
stretched horizontally to fit a
16:9 screen.
4:3 Image on
16:9 Screen
Standard (4/3)
4X3
Active Image
Area (4:3)
Standard 4:3 scales the
input signal to fit in the
center of the 16:9 screen.
4:3 is the aspect ratio used
by computer monitors,
standard television
programming and most VHS
video cassettes.
This aspect ratio is not
available with HD signals.
LetterBox
LET
BOX
Letterbox Image on
16:9 Screen
In Letterbox mode, the
image is stretched vertically;
the top and bottom portions
are "blanked off." Letterbox
is best suited for viewing
LaserDisc movies or
non-anamorphic DVDs on a
4:3 screen.
VirtualWide
V-WIDE
A 4:3 image is horizontally
scaled in a NON-linear
fashion (more on the sides
than in the center) to fit a
16x9 screen.
Cinema
CINEMA
Select Cinema to view 2.35
source material on a 16:9
screen. The upper and lower
portions of the screen are
masked, but the geometry
of the active image area is
not changed.
2.35:1 Image on
16:9 Screen
Runco CL-410 and CL-420 Owner’s Operating Manual
33
Operation
Table 4-1. Aspect Ratio Settings (continued)
Aspect Ratio
Remote
Control
Key
Virtual Cinema
V-CINE
Description
2.35:1 Image on
16:9 Screen
A 2.35 image is stretched
anamorphically in both
directions to fill a 16:9
image.
2.35:1 Image on
16:9 Screen with
Virtual Cinema
Picture Adjust ➤
Picture Adjust
0
0
0
0
Brightness
Contrast
Color
Tint
Sharpness
Gamma
Color Temp
ICC Select
3
2.2
6500K
Standard
White Balance
Use the controls in the Picture Adjust menu to calibrate your CL-410/CL-420 for optimum
picture quality.
The CL-410/CL-420 has been designed to incorporate setup and calibration standards
established by the Imaging Science Foundation (ISF). The ISF has developed carefully
crafted, industry-recognized standards for optimal video performance and has
implemented a training program for technicians and installers to use these standards to
obtain optimal picture quality from Runco video display devices. Accordingly, Runco
recommends that setup and calibration be performed by an ISF certified installation
technician.
All signal types require separate processing. Therefore, you need to calibrate each input
separately. Runco recommends calibrating the CL-410/CL-420 inputs in the following
order:
Save Settings
Restore Picture Settings
1. Component 1 / Component 2
2. S-Video
3. Video
4. RGB-HD
5. HDMI
Note
When you change a picture quality setting, save the change to a
preset afterwards. Otherwise, the change will be lost when a
different input is selected. (Picture quality settings are saved for
each input and resolution separately.) For information about saving
settings, refer to Installation on page 42.
Although it may be possible to obtain satisfactory picture quality using the naked eye and
regular program material, Runco recommends using the following calibration tools for best
results:
• External test pattern source -- Ovation Multimedia, Digital Video Essentials or AVIA test
DVD or equivalent.
• A blue filter (provided with many test DVDs), for color level and tint adjustments.
34
Runco CL-410 and CL-420 Owner’s Operating Manual
Operation
Connect your test pattern source to the input that you are calibrating and proceed as
follows. Perform the adjustments in the order listed here.
Brightness: On your external test pattern source, select a PLUGE pattern. (PLUGE is an
acronym for “Picture Line-Up Generation Equipment.”) Figure 4-5 shows a typical PLUGE
pattern.
Below Black
Above Black
Figure 4-5. Typical PLUGE Pattern for Adjusting Brightness
PLUGE patterns vary but generally consist of some combination of black, white and gray
areas against a black background. The example above includes two vertical bars and four
shaded boxes.
Select Brightness from the Picture Adjust menu. Using the left- and right-arrow (
buttons, adjust the brightness so that:
• The darkest black bars disappear into the background.
• The dark gray areas are barely visible.
• The lighter gray areas are clearly visible.
• The white areas are a comfortable level of true white.
• The image contains only black, gray and white (no color).
Runco CL-410 and CL-420 Owner’s Operating Manual
35
)
Operation
Contrast: On your external test pattern source, select a stepped, gray-bar pattern like the
one shown in Figure 4-6.
Figure 4-6. Typical Gray Bar Pattern for Adjusting Contrast
Select Contrast from the Picture Adjust menu. Using the left- and right-arrow (
)
buttons, adjust the contrast to a point just below which the white rectangle starts to
increase in size.
Brightness and contrast controls are interactive. A change to one
may require a subtle change to the other in order to achieve the
optimum setting.
Note
blue
red
magenta
green
cyan
yellow
gray
Color Saturation: On your external test pattern source, select a color bar pattern like the
one shown in Figure 4-7.
Figure 4-7. Typical Color Bar Pattern for Adjusting Color Saturation and Tint
36
Runco CL-410 and CL-420 Owner’s Operating Manual
Operation
blue
red
magenta
green
cyan
yellow
gray
Select Color from the Picture Adjust menu. While looking at the color bar pattern through
a blue filter, adjust the color saturation level until the outermost (gray and blue) color bars
appear to be a single shade of blue:
Tint: Tint or “hue” is essentially the ratio of red to green in the color portion of the image.
When tint is decreased, the image appears redder; when it is increased the image
appears greener. To set the tint, select Tint from the Picture Adjust menu. While looking at
the color bar pattern through a blue filter, adjust the tint level until the cyan and magenta
color bars (on either side of the green bar) appear to be a single shade of blue.
Note
1. Like the brightness and contrast controls, the color and tint
controls are interactive. A change to one may require a subtle
change to the other in order to achieve the optimum setting.
2. Color and tint controls are not available on the HDMI or RGB-HD
inputs.
Runco CL-410 and CL-420 Owner’s Operating Manual
37
Operation
Sharpness: “Sharpness” is the amount of high-frequency detail in the image. To adjust
sharpness, select Sharpness from the Picture Adjust menu and press ENTER. On your
external test pattern source, select a pattern like the one shown in Figure 4-8. Adjust as
needed, looking for white edges around the transitions from black to gray and different
sized lines in the “sweep” patterns at the top and bottom. Lower the sharpness setting to
eliminate them.
Figure 4-8. Typical Test Pattern for Adjusting Sharpness
Gamma: The Gamma control determines how gray shades are displayed between
minimum input (black) and maximum input (white) for all signals. A good gamma setting
helps to optimize blacks and whites while ensuring smooth transitions for the
“in-between” values utilized in other grays.
Unlike brightness and contrast controls, Gamma allows you to lighten or darken the
overall tone of your images without changing the extremes. All images will be more vibrant
while still showing good detail in dark areas.
The default Gamma setting of 2.2 is appropriate for most typical home theater
environments.
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Runco CL-410 and CL-420 Owner’s Operating Manual
Operation
Color Temperature: To adjust the color temperature, select Color Temp from the
Picture Adjust menu and press ENTER. (Color temperature defines the “color of gray.”)
The range is from 5,000K to 10,000K, in increments of 500K. The default setting, 6,500K,
is appropriate for most situations. Higher settings produce a “bluer” picture; lower ones
impart a reddish hue to the image.
For more precise control over the color temperature, you can adjust the x and y
coordinates for gray. These define its location on the standard CIE chromaticity graph,
shown in Figure 4-9. (CIE stands for “Commission Internationale de l’Éclairage”
(International Commission on Illumination), the organization responsible for color
measurement and management standards.) Changing either or both of these numbers
changes the hue of gray, within a narrow range above or below the selected color
temperature; refer to Table 4-2.
Table 4-2. Effect of X and Y Coordinates for Color Temperature
X-adjustment
Y-adjustment
Result
red hues
blue hues
green hues
yellow hues
To restore the default color temperature, select Reset Color Temp and press ENTER.
Press ENTER again to confirm.
1.0
y
0.9
0.8
0.7
0.6
10000
8000
6667
5714
5000
4000
2000
D50
D65
2500
0.4
3077
0.5
D93
0.3
0.2
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.2
0.3
0.4
0.5
0.6
0.7
0.8
0.9 x 1.0
Figure 4-9. CIE 1931 Chromaticity Diagram
Runco CL-410 and CL-420 Owner’s Operating Manual
39
Color Temp
6500K
x
0
y
0
Reset Color Temp
Operation
ICC Select: Choose ICC Select from the Picture Adjust menu to specify the color space
(Standard, NTSC, HDTV or PAL) that is appropriate for the source signal, to achieve
optimal color balance.
If you select NTSC, HDTV or PAL, you can make further adjustments to individual color
space characteristics in the ICC Adjust sub-menu under the ISF Settings menu, described
later in this section. (The Standard color space is factory-set and not adjustable.)
White Balance: To remove any trace of color from the white areas of the projected
image, choose White Balance from the Picture Adjust menu and press ENTER.
White Balance
R Gain
0
G Gain
0
B Gain
0
R Offset
0
G Offset
0
B Offset
0
• Gain: Use the Gain controls to correct color imbalances in the bright areas of the
image. A good way to do this is to use a test pattern consisting mostly of solid white
areas, such as an 80 IRE “window” pattern. If the white areas contain traces of red,
green or blue, decrease the Gain for that color.
• Offset: Use the Offset controls in the White Balance sub-menu to correct color
imbalances in the dark areas of the image. A good way to do this is to use a test
pattern consisting mostly of dark gray areas, such as a 30 IRE “window” pattern. If the
gray areas contain traces of red, green or blue, decrease the Offset for that color.
Save Settings: The CL-410/CL-420 lets you save image quality settings for each input
and supported resolution to a preset. You can recall this preset at a later time by simply
pressing a button on the remote control or using the Restore Picture Settings menu
command (see below).
You should save changes to any of the following settings to a preset; otherwise they will
be lost when a new input source or resolution is selected:
• Aspect ratio
• Picture adjustments (brightness, contrast, color saturation, tint, sharpness, gamma,
color temperature, ICC selection and white balance settings)
• Image options (SDTV adjust settings, brightness enhance, lamp power)
Restore Picture Settings: To recall a preset, choose Restore Picture Settings from the
Picture Adjust menu and select “Custom1,” “ISF Day” or “ISF Night.” Or, use the
corresponding buttons on the remote control.
Image Option ➤
Image Option
HD/RGB Adjust: To improve the quality of projected images from a computer or other
analog RGB source, select HD/RGB Adjust and press ENTER.
HD/RGB Adjust
Image Position
Over Scan Adjust
1%
SDTV Adjust
Brightness Enhance
Lamp Power
Information
Restore Factory Settings
Use the controls in the Image Option menu to perform advanced image quality
adjustments, obtain information about the projector or perform a factory reset.
OFF
250W
• Clock: If you notice flickering or vertical noise when displaying computer images,
adjust the Clock setting to correct the issue.
• Phase: Adjust the phase if the image shows shimmer or “horizontal” noise. Pixel phase
adjusts the phase of the pixel sampling clock relative to the incoming signal. The effect
of this control is similar to that of a tracking control on a VCR.
For best results, use a good test pattern such as a smooth gray consisting of a clear
pattern of black and white pixels, or a similar “half on, half off” graphic image. (You may
notice that you can stabilize the image at more than one point. Use either setting in this
case.)
To restore the original Clock and Phase settings, select Reset and press ENTER, then
press ENTER again to confirm the reset.
40
Runco CL-410 and CL-420 Owner’s Operating Manual
Operation
• Auto Tune: Auto Tune automatically adjusts settings to optimize computer images.
Auto Tune can be executed either on command or automatically whenever an
incoming RGB signal is present. To execute Auto Tune on command, select Execute
Auto Tune and press ENTER. To enable automatic Auto Tune, select Auto Tune and
set it to ON.
Note
Auto Tune may take some time to complete, depending on the
characteristics of the incoming signal.
Image Position: To adjust the horizontal and vertical position of the projected image,
select Image Position from the Image Option menu and press ENTER.
• H Position: Use the up- or down-arrow buttons ( ,
) to select H Position. Then,
use the right-arrow button ( ) to shift the image to the right; use the left-arrow button
(
) to shift the image to the left.
• V Position: Use the up- or down-arrow buttons ( ,
) to select V Position. Then,
use the right-arrow button (
) to shift the image up; use the left-arrow button (
) to
shift the image down.
To restore the default image position, select Reset and press ENTER. Then, press
ENTER to confirm or EXIT to cancel.
Over Scan Adjust: Overscan pushes the outside edge of the active picture area of the
video signal out beyond the edge of the display area.
Some television programs are produced based on the assumption that older television
sets may not display the outer edges of the broadcast picture area. Over scan effectively
trims away these inactive, outer edges and enlarges the remaining portion of the image to
fill the display area.
Select from 0% to 10% of Overscan, as desired.
For HDTV, DVDs and other video sources, Overscan is generally not necessary or
desirable.
SDTV Adjust: To maximize the quality of 480i (composite, S-Video or component) video
signals, select SDTV Adjust from the Image Option menu and press ENTER.
• Chroma Enhance: Use Chroma Enhance to add chroma (color information) to the
input signal, making colors appear more vibrant and saturated.
• Video On Film: Set Video On Film to ON to repair distortions or abnormalities in a
video image.
• Film Mode: Use the Film Mode control to smooth out moving images from interlaced
sources. In most cases, the CL-410/CL-420 detects the proper “pull-down” rate and
vertical frequency. However, if your source is jittery and/or tearing you may wish to
force a setting to ensure stable processing for that source.
Brightness Enhance: to amplify the bright areas of the image, select Brightness
Enhance and use the right- or left-arrow button (
or
) to set it to ON. Brightness
Enhance can be useful for high ambient light environments or when you use the lower
Lamp Power setting (see below).
Lamp Power: Select Lamp Power from the Display Color Menu to adjust the lamp output
level. You can choose to run the lamp as bright as possible (250W; this is the default
setting) or you can choose the lower setting (200W). Generally, lower lamp output can
prolong the life of the lamp, but decreases brightness.
Runco CL-410 and CL-420 Owner’s Operating Manual
41
Operation
Source
:
Component 1
Resolution:
720 x 480
Vert Freq :
60 Hz
Horz Freq :
31 kHz
Lamp Timer :
F/W Version :
Information: Select Information from the Main Menu to see information about the current
source, input resolution, horizontal and vertical frequencies, lamp hours and the installed
firmware version.
Should you ever need to contact Runco Technical Support, this information will help them
answer your questions or resolve product performance issues.
720 HR
Restore Factory Settings: To reset all items in the Image Options menu to their factory
default values, select Restore Factory Settings and press ENTER. A warning message
appears; press ENTER again to confirm the reset or press EXIT to cancel. After the reset,
the projector powers off and restarts.
211 . 3 . 06
Installation ➤
Installation
Language
Picture Configuration
OSD Timeout
English
Floor Front
5 secs
OSD Transparent
OFF
Source Detect
Auto
Auto Power Off
OFF
Blue Enable
OFF
The Installation menu to change the picture orientation, appearance and behavior of the
OSD menus, fan speed and other projector settings.
Language: Select Language from the Installation menu and press the right- or left-arrow
buttons to select the OSD language (English, French, Italian, German or Spanish).
Picture Configuration: Select Picture Configuration from the Installation menu to
change the picture orientation to suit the method of installation (Floor Front, Floor Rear,
Ceiling Front or Ceiling Rear).
OSD Timeout: The OSD Timeout setting controls how long the OSD menus stay on
screen when no buttons are pressed. Select a time-out period of 5, 15 or 60 seconds.
OSD Position
Keystone
Fan High Speed Mode
ON
OSD Transparent: To allow the projected image to show through the OSD menus,
select OSD Transparent from the Installation menu and set it to ON.
Source Detect: The CL-410/CL-420 can automatically detect an incoming signal and
switch to that input. To enable automatic source detection, select Source Detect from the
Installation menu and set it to Auto.
Auto Power Off: The CL-410/CL-420 can be set to power off automatically after 15
minutes of no input signal or user input via the remote control. To enable this feature, set it
to ON. When you do, a warning message appears on-screen five minutes before the
shutdown is to occur. To prevent the projector from powering off, press any key on the
remote control.
Blue Enable: Blue Enable removes all red and green color information from the image,
simulating a blue filter. You can use it instead of a blue filter when performing color and tint
adjustments.
OSD Position: To change the position of the OSD controls, select OSD Position from the
Installation menu. Use the up- and down-arrow buttons to select Top Left, Bottom Left,
Top Right or Bottom Right, then press ENTER.
42
Runco CL-410 and CL-420 Owner’s Operating Manual
Operation
Keystone Correction: If the projector and screen are not installed perpendicular to each
other, the image may become distorted in a trapezoidal shape, as shown in Figure 4-10.
Select Keystone from the Installation menu to compensate for this.
Horizontal Keystone Correction
Projector
Projected Image
Positive values compress right side;
Negative values compress left side.
Vertical Keystone Correction
Positive values compress top;
negative values compress bottom.
Figure 4-10. Horizonal and Vertical Keystone Correction
Note
1. The CL-410/CL-420 keystone correction can compensate for up
to approximately 15 degrees of screen and/or projector tilt.
2. Straight lines or the edges of images may appear jagged while
adjusting the image.
3. Keystone correction is not possible with a 1080i input signal.
Fan High Speed Mode: If the projector is being used in a high-altitude environment, use
Fan High Speed Mode to prevent it from overheating. Set Fan High Speed Mode to ON to
run the fan at high speed; set it to OFF to run the fan at normal speed.
Runco CL-410 and CL-420 Owner’s Operating Manual
43
Operation
ISF Settings ➤
Use the ISF Settings menu to perform advanced picture quality adjustments. This menu
should be used by ISF-certified technicians only.
ISF Calibration
Brightness
0
Contrast
0
Color
0
Tint
Sharpness
Gamma
Color Temp
Several controls in this menu are identical to those in the Picture Adjust menu, but are
accessible only by entering the ISF Calibration menu passcode. This makes it possible to
restore the picture quality settings to what they were when the projector was installed,
simply by recalling the “ISF Night” or “ISF Day” preset.
2.2
6500K
White Balance
Brightness: Refer to Brightness on page 35.
Save Settings
Contrast: Refer to Contrast on page 36.
Lamp Timer Reset
ICC Adjust
Standard
ISF Enable
OFF
Splash Screen Timer
Noise Reduction
You must enter a passcode to access the ISF Settings menu.
0
3
Picture Setting
Blue Enable
Note
Color: Refer to Color Saturation on page 36.
Tint: Refer to Tint on page 37.
OFF
60 secs
0
Sharpness: Refer to Sharpness on page 38.
Gamma: Refer to Gamma on page 38.
Color Temp: Refer to Color Temperature on page 39.
Picture Setting: To recall the Custom1, ISF Night or ISF Day settings, choose Picture
Setting from the ISF Calibration menu. Then, select “Custom1,” “ISF Night” or “ISF Day”
and press ENTER, or use the corresponding buttons on the remote control.
White Balance: Refer to White Balance on page 40.
Save Settings: For each input and supported resolution, the CL-410/CL-420 lets you
save image quality settings as presets that you can recall at a later time. You can create
up to three presets -- designated “Custom1,” “ISF Day” and “ISF Night” -- per input and
resolution.
You should save changes to any of the following settings to a preset; otherwise they will
be lost when a new input source or resolution is selected:
• Aspect ratio
• Picture adjustments (brightness, contrast, color saturation, tint, sharpness, gamma,
color temperature, ICC selection and white balance settings)
• Image options (SDTV adjust settings, brightness enhance, lamp power)
To save image settings in the “ISF Day” or “ISF Night” preset, select Save Settings from
the ISF Calibration menu and select “ISF Day” or “ISF Night.” (To save settings to the
“Custom1” memory preset, refer to Save Settings on page 40.)
Lamp Timer Reset: When you replace the projector lamp, you should also reset the
lamp hour counter. To do this, select Lamp Timer Reset from the ISF Calibration menu
and press ENTER. The CL-410/CL-420 shows the number of hours the projector lamp
has been in service and asks you to confirm or cancel the reset. Press ENTER to confirm
or EXIT to cancel.
For detailed lamp replacement instructions, refer to Lamp Replacement on page 50.
44
Runco CL-410 and CL-420 Owner’s Operating Manual
Operation
ICC Adjust: Use the ICC Adjust controls to customize the stored NTSC, HDTV and/or
PAL color space characteristics. To do this:
1. Select ICC Adjust from the ISF Calibration menu and press ENTER.
ICC Adjust
2. Select the color space to modify using the left- or right-arrow buttons.
Color Space
3. Select a component color (Red, Green, Blue, Cyan, Yellow or Magenta).
R
G
NTSC
B
C
Y
M
For each component color, you can adjust the following:
Intensity
0
• Intensity: This slidebar adjusts the intensity -- also known as luminance -- of a given
color.
Saturation
0
Hue
0
• Saturation: This slidebar adjusts the color saturation level -- the amount of that color
in a video image. Lower settings produce less saturated colors; a setting of “-64”
removes that color from the image entirely. If the saturation is too high, that color will be
overpowering and unrealistic.
• Hue: This slidebar adjusts the red/green color hue for true color reproduction of video
signals. For best results, adjust the hue while displaying an external color bar test
pattern (Figure 4-7).
When you have finished customizing the color space, select Store Setting and press
ENTER.
ISF Enable: Use ISF Enable to control the display of the ISF logo on the CL-410/CL-420
splash screen upon power-up; see Figure 4-11.
CALIBRATED FOR:
CUSTOM BUILT BY:
Figure 4-11. ISF-Enabled CL-410/CL-420 Splash Screen
Runco CL-410 and CL-420 Owner’s Operating Manual
45
Store Setting
Operation
Blue Enable: Refer to Blue Enable on page 42.
Splash Screen Timer: Press the right- or left-arrow buttons to set the Splash Screen
Timer. This timer controls how long the startup (ISF and Runco logo) image stays
on-screen after you turn on the projector. Select from 15 to 60 seconds, in 5-second
increments.
Noise Reduction: To apply Digital Noise Reduction (DNR) to the input signal, select
Noise Reduction from the ISF Calibration menu. Noise reduction is useful for clearing up
noisy RGB images such as those from a PC. Adjust as desired using the left- or
right-arrow buttons, keeping in mind that reducing noise (which reduces high frequencies)
may also “soften” the image.
46
Runco CL-410 and CL-420 Owner’s Operating Manual
5. Maintenance and Troubleshooting
5.1
Cleaning the Projector
• Unplug the power cord before cleaning the
projector.
• Avoid using benzene or thinner, as these can
damage the finish on the projector exterior.
• Do not use volatile agents, such as
insecticides, on the projector.
• Do not leave rubber or plastic objects in
contact with the projector for long periods as
they may damage the finish of the projector.
• Wipe off dirt gently with a soft flannel cloth.
• For hard-to-remove dirt, soak a cloth in a
neutral detergent diluted with water, wring the
cloth well and then wipe the projector.
• Strong cleaning detergents may discolor,
warp or damage the coating on the projector.
Make sure to test on a small, inconspicuous
area on the projector before using.
5.2
Cleaning the Lens
• Use a commercially available blower or lens
cleaning paper (for glasses and camera
lenses) for cleaning the lens. Do not use any
liquid cleaning agents, as they may wear the
coating film on the surface of the lens.
• The surface of the lens is easily damaged. Do
not scrape or hit the lens.
Runco CL-410 and CL-420 Owner’s Operating Manual
47
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
5.3
Cleaning the Intake
and Exhaust Vents
This CL-410/CL-420 is equipped with
intake and exhaust vents to allow the flow of
cool air through the projector and maintain
the proper operating temperature.
You should periodically clean the vents by
vacuuming them with a vacuum cleaner.
Runco recommends doing this after every
100 hours of use, or more often if the
projector is used in a dirty or smoky
location.
Side and front view
Ventilation holes
To clean the intake and exhaust vents:
1. Press OFF on the remote control to
turn off the power. Wait until the cooling
fan stops.
Power OFF
button
OFF
ON
ENTER
MENU
EXIT
LIGHT
VIDEO
COMP
1
RGB
HD
2. Unplug the power cord.
AC 110-240
AC 110-240
3. Remove dust by placing the cleaner
hose on the intake and exhaust vents.
5.4
Lamp Maintenance
The projector lamp has a life of 2,000 hours. Maintain proper ventilation to keep the lamp
operating throughout its lifetime. Do not subject the projector to unnecessary vibration.
• Lamp replacement is recommended after approximately 2,000 cumulative hours of use
or when you notice a significant deterioration in the picture and color quality. To find out
how long the currently-installed lamp has been in service, select Information from the
Image Options menu.
• The actual lamp service life may be less than 2,000 hours depending on the
environment in which the projector is used.
• For lamp replacement, please contact your nearest Runco authorized service
center or Runco dealer. Do not attempt to replace the lamp yourself!
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Runco CL-410 and CL-420 Owner’s Operating Manual
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
Caution
This projector uses a pressurized mercury lamp. A loud sound may
indicate lamp failure. Lamp failure is caused by excessive shock,
improper cooling, surface scratches or deterioration of the lamp due
to usage. The period of time up to failure largely varies depending on
the individual lamp and the condition and the frequency of use. It is
important to note that failure can often result in the bulb cracking.
When the lamp replacement indicator and on-screen display icon are
illuminated or are flashing, replace the lamp with a new one
immediately, even if the lamp appears to be operating normally.
If the lamp breaks, glass particles may spread inside the lamp cage
or gas contained in the lamp may be vented into the room from the
exhaust vent. As the gas in this lamp contains mercury, ventilate the
room well if the lamp breaks and avoid all exposure to the released
gas. In case of exposure to the gas, consult a doctor as soon as
possible.
If the lamp breaks, there is also a possibility that glass particles may
spread inside the projector. If this happens, contact your nearest
Authorized Dealer to remove the damaged lamp and ensure safe
operation.
Do not remove the lamp unit immediately after turning off the
projector. Touching a hot lamp can cause burns or injury. Wait at
least one hour after the disconnecting the power cord to allow the
surface of the lamp unit to fully cool before removing.
Runco CL-410 and CL-420 Owner’s Operating Manual
49
5.5
Lamp Cautions
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
5.6
Lamp Replacement
1. Turn off the projector and wait for the cooling fan to stop.
2. Unplug the power cord. Allow the projector to cool down for approximately one hour
prior to removing the lamp assembly for replacement.
3. Loosen the two captive lamp cover
screws and remove the cover.
4. Loosen the four lamp assembly
mounting screws.
5. Grasp the lamp assembly
handle and pull gently, removing
the lamp module from the
projector housing. As you do
so, the lamp cooling interlock
switch on the inside of the lamp
mounting frame (near the top)
moves to the OFF position.
6. Gently slide the new lamp assembly into the mounting frame. Align the two power
connectors at the top of the lamp assembly with the two sockets at the top of the
mounting frame. Press gently on both sides of the lamp assembly to snap it into
place. As you do so, the lamp cooling interlock switch returns to the ON position.
7. Tighten the lamp assembly mounting screws.
8. Replace the lamp cover and secure the captive lamp cover screws.
9. Plug in the projector and turn it on.
10. Reset the Lamp Timer to zero. To do this, select Lamp Timer Reset from the ISF
Calibration menu and press ENTER. The CL-410/CL-420 shows the number of hours
the projector lamp has been in service and asks you to confirm or cancel the reset.
Press ENTER again to confirm.
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Runco CL-410 and CL-420 Owner’s Operating Manual
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
Table 5-1 provides some general guidelines for troubleshooting problems you may
encounter with the CL-410/CL-420. If you encounter an issue not described here, please
contact your Runco dealer or Runco Technical Support.
Table 5-1. Troubleshooting Chart
Symptom
Possible Cause(s)
Solution
The projector does not turn
on after initial installation.
• The CL-410/CL-420 is not
plugged in or the AC outlet
is not active.
• The remote control
batteries have run out.
• Ensure that the
CL-410/CL-420 is plugged
in and that the AC outlet is
active.
• Replace the batteries.
The projector is on, but there
is no video image on-screen.
• Incorrect source selection.
• Source component is not
turned on.
• Select the correct source.
• Turn on the source
component.
A projected image from a
DVD is split or otherwise
scrambled.
• DVD player is set to
progressive scan mode.
• Turn off progressive scan
on the DVD player.
• Connect the DVD player to
the HD/RGB 1 or
HD/RGB 2 input.
Image is too bright and/or
lacks definition in the bright
areas of the image.
• Contrast is set too high.
• Lower the contrast setting.
Image appears “washed out”
and/or dark areas appear too
bright.
• Brightness is set too high.
• Lower the brightness
setting.
Colors in the image are
swapped; for example, reds
appear blue or vice versa.
• The Red/Pr, Green/Y or
Blue/Pb outputs from the
source are connected to
the wrong inputs on the
CL-410/CL-420.
• Ensure that the source
outputs are connected to
the correct
CL-410/CL-420 input.
RGB-HD images appear
“noisy.”
• Clock and Phase settings
need adjustment.
• Manually adjust Clock and
Phase settings, or perform
an Auto-Tune (refer to
HD/RGB Adjust on
page 40).
The projector will not turn
back on after it was powered
down, or the image
disappears during operation.
• The projector will not turn
on for two minutes after
power-down, to protect
the lamp.
• The lamp has failed or was
improperly installed.
• Wait until the cooling fan
stops.
Runco CL-410 and CL-420 Owner’s Operating Manual
• Replace or re-install the
lamp.
51
5.7
Troubleshooting Tips
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
Notes:
52
Runco CL-410 and CL-420 Owner’s Operating Manual
6. Serial Communications
To interface the CL-410/CL-420 with a home theater automation/control system or a PC
running terminal emulation software, connect it to your control system or PC as shown in
Figure 3-11.
6.1
RS-232 Connection
and Port Configuration
Configure the RS-232 controller or PC serial port as follows: no parity, 8 data bits, 1 stop
bit and no flow control. Set the baud rate to 9600, to match that of the CL-410/CL-420
RS-232 port.
Table 6-1 lists the RS-232 command set. All commands are in ASCII format and must be
in UPPERCASE.
When you send a valid command, the CL-410/CL-420 executes it and acknowledges it
with the first three characters of the command followed by “OK;” for example, “RRAOK.“
When you send an invalid command, the CL-410/CL-420 ignores it and returns the first
three characters of the command followed by “NG;” for example, “RRXNG.“
Table 6-1. Serial Commands
Command
Description
Reply
RRA00
Saves current settings to the CUSTOM 1 memory
(Note 1)
RRAOK
RRA01
Saves current settings to the ISF Day memory
(Note 1)
RRAOK
RRA02
Saves current settings to the ISF Night memory
(Note 1)
RRAOK
RRB00
Recalls the Custom 1 memory settings
RRBOK
RRB01
Recalls the ISF Day memory settings
RRBOK
RRB02
Recalls the ISF Night settings
RRBOK
RRC00
Selects the S-VIDEO input
RRCOK
RRC01
Selects the COMPOSITE VIDEO input
RRCOK
RRC02
Selects the COMPONENT 1 input
RRCOK
RRC03
Selects the COMPONENT 2 input
RRCOK
RRC04
Selects the HDMI input
RRCOK
RRC05
Selects the RGB input
RRCOK
Notes:
1. All image quality settings must be made with the remote control. After the image adjustments
are complete, you can use these commands to store the settings in the selected memory.
2. The power on command (PON) will not provide an OK reply; it will instead reply with a random
character. For your automation system, simply ensure that you receive a character after the
PON command. If you do not get any reply after PON, send PON again.
Runco CL-410 and CL-420 Owner’s Operating Manual
53
6.2
Serial Command
Syntax
Serial Communications
Table 6-1. Serial Commands (continued)
Command
Description
Reply
RRD00
Selects the ANAMORPHIC (16:9) aspect ratio
RRDOK
RRD01
Selects the STANDARD (4:3) aspect ratio
RRDOK
RRD02
Selects the LETTERBOX aspect ratio
RRDOK
RRD03
Selects the VIRTUALWIDE aspect ratio
RRDOK
RRD04
Selects the CINEMA (2.35:1) aspect ratio
RRDOK
RRD05
Selects the VIRTUAL CINEMA aspect ratio
RRDOK
RRE00
Turns the projector OFF
RREOK
PON
Turns the projector ON
Random (Note 2)
Notes:
1. All image quality settings must be made with the remote control. After the image adjustments
are complete, you can use these commands to store the settings in the selected memory.
2. The power on command (PON) will not provide an OK reply; it will instead reply with a random
character. For your automation system, simply ensure that you receive a character after the
PON command. If you do not get any reply after PON, send PON again.
54
Runco CL-410 and CL-420 Owner’s Operating Manual
7. Specifications
7.1
CL-410/CL-420
Specifications
Table 7-1 lists the CL-410/CL-420 specifications.
Table 7-1. CL-410/CL-420 Specifications
Projector Type:
Digital Light Processing (DLP), single-chip SuperOnyx™
DMD
Native Resolution:
CL-410: 1024 x 576 (16:9)
CL-420: 1280 x 720 (16:9)
Aspect Ratios:
4:3, Letterbox, 16:9 Anamorphic, VirtualWide, Cinema,
Virtual Cinema
Video Standards:
NTSC, PAL, SECAM
Scan Frequency:
Horizontal: 15 - 80 kHz
Vertical: 43 - 100 Hz
Picture Size (16:9 Screen):
Recommended Width: 72 to 120 in.
Maximum Width: 150 in.
Throw Distance
(Factor x Screen Width):
CL-410
Minimum: Screen Width x 1.37
Maximum: Screen Width x 1.67
CL-420
Minimum: Screen Width x 1.40
Maximum: Screen Width x 1.70
Horizontal Offset:
8% of screen width left or right
Vertical Offset – CL-410:
Ceiling-mounted -60% of screen height below;
40% of screen height above
Floor-mounted -40% of screen height below;
60% of screen height above
Vertical Offset – CL-420:
Ceiling-mounted -63% of screen height below;
46% of screen height above
Floor-mounted -46% of screen height below;
63% of screen height above
Lamp:
250 Watts
Estimated Lamp Life:
2000 hours
Source Inputs:
(1) Composite; (1) S-Video; (2) RCA Component (YPbPr);
(1) VGA; (1) HDMI 1.2 with HDCP
Control Options:
-
RS-232 Communication
Parameters:
9600 bps, no parity, 8 data bits, 1 stop bit, no flow control
Discrete infrared remote
Serial commands via RS-232
Runco CL-410 and CL-420 Owner’s Operating Manual
55
Specifications
Table 7-1. CL-410/CL-420 Specifications (continued)
+12V Output:
0.25 Amps, active when the projector is turned on
Power Requirements:
100 to 240 VAC (auto-sensing), 50/60 Hz, 370 Watts
Operating Environment:
41°F to 95°F (5°C to 35°C), 0% to 90% humidity
(non-condensing)
Dimensions:
See Figure 7-1
Weight (including lens):
25 lbs. (11.34 kg)
Brightness and Contrast:
Cinema Standards Measurement System (CSMS)
Specifications
Brightness: 16.0 foot-Lamberts (fL) (CL-410);
16.3 fL (CL-420)
Contrast Ratio: 221:1 (CL-410); 228:1 (CL-420)
These measurements are taken from the projector in a controlled,
home theater environment. All measurements are made to
ANSI/NAPM IT7.228-1997 specifications using the Photo
Research PR-650 SpectraColorimeter and Minolta LS-100
Luminance Meter, Video Essentials test DVD and a 1.3 gain,
72-inch wide screen. The projector is calibrated to a color
temperature of 6,500K and has a minimum of 150 hours of usage.
The foot-Lambert (fL) is the unit of measurement used in
commercial movie theaters to express image brightness at the
screen surface. The Society of Motion Picture and Television
Engineers (SMPTE) specifies 16 fL as the target image brightness
for film-based projectors using an open gate (without film in the
projector). More importantly, today SMPTE specifies 12 fL as the
target image brightness in Digital Cinema theaters. The
foot-Lambert measurement is dependent on screen size, screen
gain and projector light output.
Home Theater Calibration Specifications
Light Output: 412 ANSI Lumens (CL-410);
421 ANSI Lumens (CL-420)
Contrast Ratio: 221:1 (CL-410); 228:1 (CL-420)
These specifications are obtained by calibrating the projector as
described above for CSMS measurements.
Industry-Standard Specifications
Light Output: 800 ANSI Lumens (CL-410);
850 ANSI Lumens (CL-420)
Contrast Ratio: 2500:1 (CL-410); 2600:1 (CL-420)
These are typical projector brightness and contrast specifications
found in most companies’ sales literature. Runco includes these
measurements in its literature to allow for direct comparison with
other manufacturers’ projectors. These measurements are
typically taken at 9,000K to 13,000K to get expected performance
data when the projector is used in professional, commercial and
industrial displays.
Regulatory Approvals:
Complies with FCC, CE C-Tick
Limited Warranty:
Projector: Two (2) years parts and labor from the date of
delivery to the end user.
Lamp: 1000 hours or six (6) months, whichever comes first.
Specifications are subject to change without notice.
56
Runco CL-410 and CL-420 Owner’s Operating Manual
Specifications
7.2
CL-410/CL-420
Dimensions
16.34 in
415.0 mm
16.12 in
409.5 mm
13.98 in
355.0 mm
6.661 in
169.2 mm
7.354 in
186.8 mm
7.354 in
186.8 mm
6.457 in
164.0 mm
3.425 in
87.0 mm
0.8976 in
22.8 mm
5.701 in
144.8 mm
4.157 in
105.6 mm
8.276 in
210.2 mm
16.85 in
428.0 mm
0.1969 in
5.0 mm
Figure 7-1 shows the CL-410/CL-420 dimensions.
3.425 in
87.0 mm
Figure 7-1. CL-410/CL-420 Dimensions
Runco CL-410 and CL-420 Owner’s Operating Manual
57
Specifications
7.3
Computer Signal
Compatibility
The CL-410/CL-420 can display video signals from a variety of computer sources via its
RGB-HD and HDMI inputs. It is compatible with the three most common sync modes –
sync-on-green, composite sync and RGB with separate sync – as well as XGA display
adapters that use advanced intelligent compression.
Table 7-2 lists the signal types that are compatible with the CL-410/CL-420, and indicates
which of those are VESA standards.
Table 7-2. Computer Signal Compatibility Chart
PC/MAC/
WS
Resolution
640 x 350
720 x 350
640 x 400
PC
VGA
720 x 400
640 x 480
PC
SVGA
800 x 600
Horizontal
Vertical
VESA
Frequency Frequency
Standard
(kHz)
(Hz)
HDMI
Support
27.0
60
31.5
70
37.9
85
27.0
60
31.5
70
27.0
60
31.5
70
37.9
85
27.0
60
√
31.5
70
√
37.9
85
26.2
50
√
31.5
60
√
36.8
70
√
37.9
72
√
√
37.5
75
√
√
43.3
85
√
√
47.9
90
√
53.0
100
√
31.4
50
√
35.1
56
√
√
37.9
60
√
√
44.5
70
48.1
72
√
√
46.9
75
√
√
Display
√
√
√
√
√
√
Upscale
√
√
Upscale
Notes:
1. This projector may not be able to display images from notebook computers in simultaneous
(CRT/LCD) mode. Should this occur, switch the notebook computer to “CRT only” mode. If you
are unsure how to do this, refer to your notebook computer’s user manual.
2. When this projector receives 640 × 350 VESA format VGA signals, “640 × 400” appears on the
screen.
3. Interlaced video signals received through the RGB input may not display correctly. If this occurs,
use the Component 1, Component 2, S-video or Composite video input instead.
58
Runco CL-410 and CL-420 Owner’s Operating Manual
Specifications
Table 7-2. Computer Signal Compatibility Chart (continued)
PC/MAC/
WS
PC
PC
Resolution
SVGA
XGA
800 x 600
1024 x 768
Horizontal
Vertical
VESA
Frequency Frequency
Standard
(kHz)
(Hz)
√
HDMI
Support
√
53.7
85
56.8
90
64.0
100
√
35.5
43
√
40.3
50
√
48.4
60
√
√
56.5
70
√
√
60.0
75
√
√
68.7
85
√
√
73.5
90
77.2
96
80.6
100
MAC 13”
VGA
640 x 480
34.9
67
MAC 16”
SVGA
832 x 624
49.6
75
MAC 19”
XGA
1024 x 768
48.4
60
Display
√
Upscale
True
√
Upscale
√
True
Notes:
1. This projector may not be able to display images from notebook computers in simultaneous
(CRT/LCD) mode. Should this occur, switch the notebook computer to “CRT only” mode. If you
are unsure how to do this, refer to your notebook computer’s user manual.
2. When this projector receives 640 × 350 VESA format VGA signals, “640 × 400” appears on the
screen.
3. Interlaced video signals received through the RGB input may not display correctly. If this occurs,
use the Component 1, Component 2, S-video or Composite video input instead.
Runco CL-410 and CL-420 Owner’s Operating Manual
59
Specifications
7.4
Video Signal
Compatibility
Table 7-3 lists numerous common video signal formats and indicates which input(s) on the
CL-410/CL-420 can accept a given format.
Table 7-3. Video Signal Compatibility Chart
Resolution
NTSC
PAL
SECAM
Compatible Inputs (Note 1)
H-Freq V-Freq
Comp.
Comp.
SCom(kHz)
(Hz)
VGA
1
2
Video posite
640 x
480i
15.73
59.94/
60
768 x
576i
15.63
50
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
√
HDMI
NTSC4.43
SD
PAL-M
Video
PAL-N
(adjustment required)
NTSCJ
PAL-60
NTSC50
480p
720 x
480p
31.5
59.94/
60
√
√
√
√
576p
720 x
576p
31.3
50
√
√
√
√
28.1
50
√
√
√
√
33.8
59.94/
60
√
√
√
√
37.5
50
√
√
√
√
45.0
59.94/
60
√
√
√
√
EDTV
1080i/
50
HDTV
1080i/
60
720p/
50
720p/
60
720p/
48
HTPC
(Note
2)
(not supported)
720p/
75
576p/
48
1920 x
1080i
1280 x
720p
1280 x
720p
1024 x
576p
48
√
75
√
48
√
Notes:
1. The Component 1 and Component 2 inputs accept both analog (YPbPr) and digital (YCbCr)
signals.
2. HTPC = Home Theater PC
60
Runco CL-410 and CL-420 Owner’s Operating Manual
SERIAL NUM BER
RUMA-011170
rev 08-14-06 v2.0
Runco International • 2900 Faber Street • Union City, CA 94587 • Ph (510) 324-7777 / (800) 23RUNCO / Fax (510) 324-9300
www.runco.com
Runco CL-810 Owner’s Operating Manual
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