Sea Frost Freezer Bait Freezer User manual

Sea Frost Freezer Bait Freezer User manual
TEL (603) 868-5720
FAX (603) 868-1040
E-Mail:[email protected]
BF1 ~ BF2 ~ BF3 220-VOLT
The Sea Frost Freezer system consists of several parts: The cold plates or wrapped
box liner (hidden cooling coils), a refrigerant control valve, copper connecting lines, a
receiver filter drier with sight glass, a compressor / condensing unit and a thermostat.
With the thermostat in the “on” position, the compressor, fan, and pump (if equipped)
will operate. Ten minutes after starting the compressor the area near the valve or the
top of a hidden coil box will begin to cool and frost.
If you do not observe cooling, with the compressor and fan running, switch off
the unit to avoid damage.
Within a few minutes of starting the Bait Freezer, the tubing in close proximity to the
valve and the valve itself will be noticeably cold. (If after 20 minutes of operation the
cooling in this area is not observed, do not continue to operate the system.)
After several hours, the box temperature will cool to well below freezing.
The first plate or the top section of a wrapped box will cool first. Because it freezes first,
all the moisture suspended in the air within the box condenses and freezes at this plate.
Frost is not a good indication of proper operation; check the temperature with a
thermometer. When the box and contents cool to the desired setting, the compressor
and fan will cycle on and off periodically to maintain the set temperature.
Air Cooled
The design of the Bait Freezer (BF) allows the air-cooled condensing unit to be placed
in an enclosed space such as a locker or engine room.
Mount the unit level with the compressor at the bottom. The unit may be bulkhead or
platform mounted. Rubber Wellnut inserts are installed on the bottom and back of the
condensing unit to attach to brackets or shelving. The Wellnut require ¼-20 machine
Air and Water Cooled
The condensing unit should be mounted with the compressor at the bottom parallel to
the boat’s water line at rest. Air is drawn through the unit and discharges at the fan
screen on the upper left side. Cooling water from an air conditioning system manifold or
separate pump may be connected to the water fittings on the left side.
Water-cooling is standard on BF2 and BF3 models. Water from an air conditioning
pump manifold can be plumbed into the BF condensing unit and triggered by the 220volt supply labeled "pump" or a dedicated pump can be installed. A flow of two to three
GPM is sufficient. (Pump draw not to exceed 1.2 amps at 220-volts.) Use of watercooling is not mandatory; the unit will operate with air-cooling only. If the condensing
unit is to be mounted in a confined area with little ventilation or a very hot engine room
the water-cooling should be connected.
Installation Requirements
• Never block the inlet nor outlet. Service access and installation requires that
the front and left end (inlet/outlet side) be exposed. The duct hose will require 4"
of clearance past the end of the unit.
• Provide for driest, coolest air for intake. Use standard 4" duct hose to draw air
in from the cabin area to insure the coolest, driest air supply. Intake ducting from
the exterior of the boat may cause damp salt air to be drawn in which will reduce
unit life. For intake or exhaust through a finished panel, order a flange grill.
• Discharge does not need ducting if a vent in the area allows warm air to
escape. An un-ducted unit in a poorly ventilated small space will heat the air,
lowering the capacity of the unit and possibly causing damage by overheating the
• Total combined air duct length for intake and discharge should not exceed
six feet.
Mount the plates on opposite walls as high as possible to take advantage of thermal
convection. Install the plates with the Wellnut, spacers and screws provided.
The plate(s) mounts with a
Wellnut expandable neoprene blind
hole fastener. A template or the plate itself
should be used to locate the mounting
holes. Drill a 3/16" pilot hole. Increase
this hole to 3/8". Install the screw into the
plate through the spacer then tighten the
screw in the Wellnut. Install the plate
pushing the rubber mounts in to the predrilled holes. Tighten the screws.
Aeroquip quick connect fittings are used in this pre-charged system. These fittings
reseal upon disconnecting and do not leak during assembly.
If installing this compressor in an existing system. Use LSA line adapters to
interface with the new compressor. Attach, evacuate using a vacuum pump, leak
check, and then add a vapor charge of R-134a before connecting to the precharged condensing unit.
In a pre charged system installation make all the connections up to the
compressor first. The last two connections should be the suction fitting then the
discharge fitting.
To assemble, remove the heat shrink and plastic cap. Be sure the threads and the end
of the fittings are clean.
Finger tighten the fittings to avoid cross threading. Tighten to wrench snug and then pull
up 1/16 turn.
When making all connections, USE TWO WRENCHES. Don’t allow the fittings to turn
or twist when tightening.
The expansion valve/ liquid line/drier connects to one of the plate fittings and at the
discharge fitting on the compressor section.
After assembly externally mounted, valves will need to be insulated to prevent frost and
Installers Set up
The constant pressure valve sets the refrigerant boiling point. The pressure setting will
indicate the minimum temperature that the freezer system can obtain. It has been pre
set at the factory. Observing the low side pressure with gauges, note that the pressure
is constant at 2 to 8 psi. , depending on the valve setting. If adjustment is needed, set
the valve pressure at the lowest possible pressure setting that will cool the box. The
plate temperature will always be at least 5 to 10 degrees colder than the box. Problems
will occur when the pressure is high and the thermostat is set low; the thermostat will
never be satisfied. The compressor will never stop. Refer to a pressure temperature
chart for R-134a. to be sure the plate can reach the thermostat cutout temperature.
A poorly insulated box will require a higher pressure setting to obtain any freezing and
will never freeze rock hard.
Installing a Jumper
If installing a multi plate system, use the jumper to connect the remaining tube on the
first plate to either tube on the second plate.
Installing the Return Line
Connect a return line to the remaining tube. This return line connects to the
Support the tubing every 18 inches as necessary with mountable tie wraps and self
taping screws.
Thermostat Location
The thermostat is low voltage and is connected and powered by the transformer in the
compressor cabinet. Mount the thermostat in a convenient location where the sensing
bulb will reach a mounting screw on a plate. It is necessary that the bulb of the sensor
have good thermal contact with the plate. Attach the bulb to the plate using the
stainless clip. Use one of the existing plate mounting screws as an attachment point.
On multiple plate installations, the thermostat must sense the last plate in the
series after the valve. The probe temperature is displayed when 220-volt power is
available. The probe temperature is not the cabinet temperature. The probe
temperature is always colder than the cabinet.
Thermostat Wiring
The Ranco Electronic Temperature Control operates on low voltage (24VAC) supplied
by the transformer in the compressor cabinet.
A 15’ wiring harness is fitted to the thermostat. Use red, blue, and white 16-gauge wire
to extend this harness if a longer length is needed. Attach the wires to the terminal strip
using #8 ring terminals, matching corresponding wire color.
Thermostat Operation
The thermostat is pre-set and locked at the factory. When locked the keypad is
disabled and changes to the settings cannot be made. To change the settings the
lockout switch must be placed in the unlock position.
To access the lockout switch:
Switch off the power.
Remove the four screws and cover.
Slide the lockout switch to the right to the unlock position.
Replace the cover.
Re-power the system.
To program refer to table below.
F or C
S1 (blinking)
DIF 1 (blinking)
C1 / H1
Fahrenheit or Celsius Scale
Press the set key once to access the Fahrenheit / Celsius
scale. The display will show the current status, either F for
degrees Fahrenheit or C for degrees Celsius. The
thermostat has been pre-set at the factory for Fahrenheit.
Press the up or down arrow key to choose between the F
and C.
Setpoint Temperature
Press the set key again to access the setpoint. The display
will show the current set point. The setpoint has been preset to 0 degrees F. Press either the up or down arrow key
to change the setpoint to the desired temperature.
Differential Temperature
Press the set key again to access the differential. The
display will show the current differential. The differential
temperature has been pre-set at 5 degrees F. Press either
the up or down arrow key to increase or decrease the
differential setting.
Cooling or Heating Mode
Press the set key again to access the heating or cooling
mode. The display will show the current mode. C1 for
cooling or H1 for heating. The Thermostat has been preset for C1. Do not change this setting. The BF does not
work in heat mode. Press the set key once more and
programming is complete.
Note: Pressing the set key accepts the setting and brings you to the next step. You
must push the set key through all steps to return to the temperature display to allow the
compressor to operate.
A separate 10-amp breaker is required for the 220-volt supply. This circuit powers the
thermostat through a built in transformer. For operation, it is necessary to have power at
all times.
Adding refrigerant will not change the suction (low) side pressure. Do not charge more
than 12 oz of R-134a in an empty system. Typical head pressure will be about 25
degrees above air temp. If you are adding refrigerant and exceed the calculated head
pressure you are overcharging and may risk breaking the compressor valves. Do not
adjust the charge to prevent frost back. The return line may be well below freezing in
normal operation. Contact the factory if you have questions.
Clear or empty
Stationary bubbles
Foam (low charge)
A clear sight glass, when the compressor is operating, signifies a sufficiently charged
system. To determine the meaning of "clear", notice the appearance of the RFD sight
glass when the system is at rest with the compressor off. This is a "clear" glass.
WARNING: A clear sight glass can also indicate a completely EMPTY system. Anytime
the compressor is started, white foam should appear in the sight glass indicating that the
refrigerant is present. This foam may disappear quite quickly but, IF NO FOAM IS
EVIDENT and the system is not cooling, the system is empty. DO NOT OPERATE THE
SYSTEM in this empty condition. Operation in this mode will ruin the compressor. Turn
off the main breaker to the control panel to prevent operation until the system can be
properly leak tested and recharged.
Fast moving white foam with the compressor operating indicates an insufficient charge
level. Watch closely for a transition from foam to total liquid, (indicated by a clear sight
glass). This transition point can be missed if proper attention is not given. Also, IT IS
POSSIBLE for the sight glass to show large bubbles even when the charge is sufficient,
so it is important to differentiate between "foam" and "bubbles". The foam condition has
velocity and direction; the bubbles are large, temporary, and nearly stationary. Do not
try to chase away these larger bubbles with more refrigerant: overcharging will then
occur. Air in the system may give a false sight glass reading, which could lead to
overcharging. If in doubt, discharge a suspected overcharged system to continuous
foam and slowly add refrigerant to clear the glass. MONITOR THE SIGHT GLASS
CONTINUALLY since the glass will not indicate when the system is overcharged.
In a warm system, when the cabinet is above freezing (32.F) upon start-up, the sight
glass may take several minutes to clear. A cold cabinet may show a clear glass within
seconds of start-up.
The low side operating pressure of the system will not indicate the amount of
refrigerant in the system. The valve will not give proper operation or pressure if it is
undercharged. Check the valve scribe line. It should correlate to gauge pressure.
The system requires enough refrigerant to supply liquid to the valve. If the valve has a
steady hissing sound then the charge is ok. If the valve is sputtering then it is low. If
the valve is making a noticeable roar it is empty. If the low side pressure is properly set
the high side pressure will be 80 to 135 psi depending on the air temperature (50 to 95
degrees F.) at the unit. Almost immediately upon start up the valve body will begin to
Do not add refrigerant charge to a pre-charged system.
Maximum charge 12 oz. R-134a
The unit will require defrosting from time to time as the frost layer builds up.
Allowing the unit to warm above freezing is one method of defrosting. Warm water or a
hair dryer is also a quick method. Plates can be scraped with a spatula or ice scraper to
remove excessive frost build up.
Bait Freezer Specifications
Amp Start (LR)
A.C. amp draw
BTU per hour
BF 1
1.9 @ 220 volts
760 @ -10 F.
Ducted Air Cooled
Compressor unit
36 lbs
BF 2
BF 3
1.9 @ 220 volts
2 @ 220 volts
760 @ -10 F.
930 @ -10 F.
Ducted Air and Water Ducted Air and Water
Cooled (remote water Cooled (remote water
pump required)
pump required)
36 lbs
42 lbs
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