Worth Data Stereo System 7000 User manual

Worth Data Stereo System 7000 User manual
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class A digital device, pursuant to
Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful
interference in a residential installation. This equipment generates, uses and can radiate radio frequency energy
and, if not installed and used in accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio
communications. However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation.
If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or television reception, which can be determined by
turning the equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the
following measures:
•
•
•
•
Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.
Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the receiver is connected.
Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
Shielded cables and I/O cords must be used with this equipment to comply with the relevant FCC regulations.
Changes or modifications not expressly approved in writing by Worth Data may void the user's authority to
operate this equipment.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following two conditions: (1)
this device may not cause harmful interference, and 2) this device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired operation.
This device complies with RSS-210 of Industry Canada. Operation is subject to the following two conditions: 1)
this device may not cause interference, and 2) this device must accept any interference, including interference
that may cause undesired operation of the device.
The 7001 RF Terminal and B5001 Base Station have been approved for use in the United States and Canada as
a low power frequency hopping spread-spectrum radio operating in the unlicensed 915 MHz frequency range.
The LT7001 model of this product has a laser scanner integrated with the Terminal as
one unit. The laser used is a Class II Laser Product and has a 1.2 Milliwatt Output.
To operate the laser scanner, aim the top of the case at a bar code, and press the yellow
scan key on the keyboard of the RF Terminal. The light source will turn off, once a
successful scan has occurred or 2.5 seconds has elapsed, whichever is first. Do not
look directly into the laser light source with the "Scan Key" depressed; avoid direct
eye contact with the laser light source.
The LTnnnn models of the RF Terminal are covered by one or more of the following
U.S. Patents:
Patent #
4,496,831
4673,805
4,896,026
5,015,833
5,103,461
5,157,687
5,230,088
5,250,792
5,304,786
5,373,148
5,408,081
4,420,411
5,468,949
5,528,621
5,578,810
4,360,798
4,593,186
4,736,095
4,897,532
5017765
5,113,445
5,168,148
5,235,167
5,262,627
5,304,788
5,378,882
5,410,139
5,436,440
5,479,000
5,532,469
5,589,680
4,369,361
4,603,262
4,758,717
4,923,281
5,021,641
5,140,144
5,168,149
5,243,655
5,280,163
5,321,246
5,396,053
5,410,140
5,444,231
5,479,002
5,543,610
5,612,531
4,387,297
4,607,156
4,816,660
4,933,538
5,029,183
5,142,550
5,180,904
5,247,162
5,280,164
5,377,361
5,396,055
5,412,198
5,449,891
5,479,441
5,545,889
4,460,120
4,652,750
4,845,350
4,992,717
5,047,617
5,149,950
5,229,591
5,250,791
5,280,498
5,367,151
5,399,646
5,418,812
5,449,893
5,504,322
5,552,592
There are no user adjustments or
maintenance operations to be performed
on the integrated laser scanner.
Table of Contents
Introduction..............................................................................................................................................................4
Differences...............................................................................................................................................................4
Installation................................................................................................................................................................6
RF System Setup....................................................................................................................................................13
RF Configuration...................................................................................................................................................14
Bar Code Options...................................................................................................................................................16
RS-232 I/O Settings...............................................................................................................................................20
Date & Time Setting..............................................................................................................................................21
Speaker Settings.....................................................................................................................................................22
Laser Options.........................................................................................................................................................22
LCD Options..........................................................................................................................................................23
Other Settings.........................................................................................................................................................24
System Tools..........................................................................................................................................................26
Base and Relay Setup.............................................................................................................................................27
Operational Theory ...............................................................................................................................................28
Performance Issues................................................................................................................................................32
Before you begin programming….........................................................................................................................36
Programming for the RF Terminal ........................................................................................................................38
PromptCOM/ActiveX............................................................................................................................................50
PromptNET TCP/IP Active X Controls.................................................................................................................58
Portable Printers.....................................................................................................................................................65
Voice Message Operations.....................................................................................................................................67
Troubleshooting.....................................................................................................................................................69
Channel and Jumper Changes................................................................................................................................75
Adding Relays........................................................................................................................................................76
R/F Serial Pin-outs.................................................................................................................................................80
Firmware Upgrades................................................................................................................................................81
Code 39 Specifications..........................................................................................................................................82
Code 93 Specifications..........................................................................................................................................85
Codabar Specifications..........................................................................................................................................86
Code 128 Specifications........................................................................................................................................86
Interleaved 2 of 5 Code Specifications..................................................................................................................87
UPC / EAN Specifications.....................................................................................................................................88
MSI/Plessey Specifications....................................................................................................................................91
How to scan a bar code..........................................................................................................................................92
ASCII Code Equivalent Table................................................................................................................................94
Introduction
The 7001 RF Terminal is a low cost, easy-to-use radio frequency interactive terminal which communicates
with PCs (or any computer) by RS-232 serial port. This new terminal offers unprecedented power and ease
of use, while maintaining compatibility with programs written for the older Worth Data Terminals. The list
of fantastic features include:
• Low Cost
• Up to 3.3 mile range, LOS (10 x the competition)
• 64 Terminals per Base Station
• Spread Spectrum frequency hopping avoids interference
• No license required in USA and Canada
• Small size, (5.9" L, 3.6" W, 1.0" D) even with laser
• Certified to multiple 5 ft. drops to concrete
• Long Battery Life (15 hours of usage)
• Fast Recharging (2-3 hours) from External Power Supply
• No programming necessary on terminal
• Host communication thru RS-232 Serial
• User Customizable Voice Prompting plus Display
• Backlit Color TFT Display Standard
• Uses Li-Ion battery
The RF Terminal maintains software compatibility with applications written for the older generation
T71/LT71 and T701/LT701 RF Terminals. Differences are noted below.
Differences
While the new 7000 series RF Terminals are fully software compatible with the older 70 and 700 series
terminals, there are a few differences between them. The differences between the older generation of Worth
Data RF Terminals and the generation referred to within this manual are:
• 64 Terminals per Base Station instead of 16. Valid Terminal ID's are 0-9, A-Z, a-z, - and =.
• Valid Channels are 0-5.
• Base Station parameters (Baud Rate, Parity, Security Code, etc) are not set through the Terminal, but
rather set with a Windows program.
• The maximum number of characters that can be sent to a Base Station by a host program is 231 instead
of the old 247.
• Speaker volume is controlled by the RF Terminal's Setup menu.
• The 7000 Series does not have a choice of battery types. It comes with a built-in Li-Ion rechargeable
battery. The battery is charged by the same power supply that is used with the Base Station. An adapter
cable is provided to allow connection to the RF Terminal.
• Voice prompts are now recorded on the PC and uploaded to the RF Terminal using the Voice Prompt
utility. Up to 99 voice prompts can be stored in the RF Terminal with a total time of about 90 seconds.
•
Some differences are simply advantages:
• Greater range (3.3 miles line-of-sight vs. 3000 feet line-of-sight).
• Optional “gun” handle with secondary battery that doubles operational time.
• Color TFT display standard
• Faster transaction times.
Installation
Components
The components in your R/F Terminal system will vary according to the configuration of your system. Your
R/F Terminal shipment should contain at least:
• An RF Terminal T7001 or LT7001 - If the R/F Terminal is an LT7001 model, it will have an integrated
laser scanner built-in to the body of the terminal.
• Serial Cable – for programming and voice prompt upload.
• 5V Power Supply – battery charger with adapter cable.
• Utilities CD ROM – demo programs, DLL, and firmware loader program
If Base Stations were ordered with your system, you should receive at least:
• A Base Station (B5001) including a 5v power adapter for each.
• A Serial Cable (F34 or F36).
• A Relay Test Cable and junction connector block if ordering bases as Relay Stations.
Installation Sequence
1. Start with one Terminal and Base Station. Get everything working with the single terminal and base
and then add other terminals, being certain that all terminals have unique Terminal IDs. After all
terminals are working, add the first relay. Then add remaining relays, remembering to: 1) assign Relay
IDs, and 2) set the jumpers of each relay to terminated or not terminated properly.
2. All equipment is shipped with the default setting of Channel 0, Terminal ID 0, and Relay ID 0. Unless you
have other Terminal/Base configurations already operating on that channel, you probably don’t need to
change the channel.
3. A Base and a Relay are the same product. A jumper change is all that is required to use a Base station as a
Relay. See Appendix A for details.
4. Without attaching the Base Station to the computer, and with only the power supply plugged in the base, you
can perform a site test to be sure you have adequate coverage and the radios are working perfectly. (See
Chapter 4).
5. Now connect the Base Station to the computer’s serial port. Be sure to turn OFF all handshaking on the
COM port used; in Windows, go to Start Menu, Settings, System, Device Manager, Ports (COM and LPT).
Now run one of the RF Terminal demo programs found on the Utilities CD-ROM.
6. Now run one of the demo programs to validate that everything is working. If you have problems, refer to
the Trouble Shooting Section.
Connecting the Base Station to a serial port
How it works…
The R/F Terminal transmits data to the Base station, which in turn transmits the data to the host serial port.
The computer software reads the data coming through the serial port and processes the information
accordingly. When the computer software running on the host has a task for the terminal, it transmits data
out to the serial port, which then passes this data on to the Base station. The Base station then broadcasts
the message to the terminal, causing the terminal to display the message to the user.
The Base station is not machine-sensitive (it needs a standard RS-232 serial port) nor is it operating system
dependent (you just need to be able to read and write to the serial port as a separate device).
Connecting the Base station…
If you specified a 25 pin cable (part #F34) or a 9 pin cable (part #F36) when you ordered your Base station,
simply plug the RJ45 end of that cable into the COMPUTER port on the Base station, and the 25 or 9 pin
end into your computer’s serial port. If you are not connecting to a PC, see Appendix C for cable and serial
pin-outs.
For an extension cable, you can use existing network cabling already in existence, but you must be certain
that the Transmit and Receive data lines are not in the same twisted pair.
If you are using an extension cable and are having problems, test the cable by:
1. Connecting the Base station without using the extension cable. Simply plug in the F34 or F36
cable that came with the Base.
2. If the Base works with only the F34 or F36 cable in place, add in the extension cable without
changing the physical location of the Base station. If the extension cable appears to be the culprit,
check to be sure that Transmit lines are connected to Receive lines.
Configuring the Base station…
After connecting the Base station to your serial port, you need to configure the serial settings on the Base
station to match those required by your software. The default settings are:
• 9600 baud
• No parity
• 8 data bits
• 1 stop bit
• “None” protocol setting
You may want to increase the baud rate for performance. If you want to change any or all of these settings,
see Chapter 2 for details on configuring the Base station using the 700 RF Base Station Serial
Configuration Utility.
Base station channel…
To determine what channel your Base station is set to, plug in the power supply and watch the LED light on
the front of the Base station. The LED will blink “the channel + 3” times.
For example, the default channel is 0. On power up, the LED on a Base station set to channel 0 would blink
3 times. A Base station set to channel 5 would blink 8 times.
If this is the only Base station operating, leave the channel at 0. If you have other Base stations in the area
and need to change the channel, see Appendix A; Channel and Jumper Changes for details on how to open
the Base station and set the rotary switch inside to the desired channel.
R/F Terminal Operation
Using the RF Terminal keypad…
The R/F Terminal is turned on by pressing the green ON/OFF button located in the upper lefthand corner of the R/F Terminal keypad.
It is a good idea to fully charge the R/F Terminal before you use it the first time to make sure the battery
charged. See below for more information on battery charging.
The R/F Terminal has a Shut Down Time feature that allows you to determine the length of time the R/F
Terminal must be inactive before automatically shutting down to conserve battery power. When the R/F
Terminal shuts down, simply press the ON/OFF button to resume operation.
The keypad is custom designed for the R/F Terminal operations. It has numeric and control keys in the nonshifted state, and alpha characters in its shifted state. You can readily determine if the SHIFT is on by the
cursor on the display. When SHIFT is on, the cursor is a large rectangle. When SHIFT is off, the cursor is a
narrow underline character. For all prompts which ask for a YES or NO response, the ENTER key, is the
YES reply, and the 0 (zero) key is the NO reply. As you key data, you will see each character displayed on
the screen. If you make a mistake, you can delete the last character by pressing the DELETE key, or you can
clear all characters displayed on the screen by pressing the CLEAR key.
Battery Life Indicator
The R/F Terminal detects low battery and displays the following message:
LOW BATTERY
Charge Battery
Hit Any Key_
At this point you have approximately 10% of battery life remaining. You should complete what you are
doing and charge the battery soon. When the battery is too low to operate the unit properly another message
is displayed:
Battery too Low to Operate
Hit Any Key to Power Down
If you turn it back on without charging batteries, you may experience constant beeping, intermittent scanning,
and very irritating symptoms that look like equipment failure.
The R/F Terminal also has a battery life indicator that can be accessed while operating in ONE-WAY or
TWO-WAY mode or while in the MENU. To display the remaining battery life of the battery (as well as the
date and time) press the STATUS key:
mm/dd/yy hh:mm:ss
BATTERY: |||||||||||||||||||| zz%
R7Uxxx ID=0 CH=0 RL=N
SC=N RF=8C C=N
zz=percent in numbers i.e. 99, 10, 05
Press the STATUS key again to resume processing.
The lifetime of the R/F Terminal's Li-Ion battery is 500-1000 charge cycles. If the battery runtime seems to
be significantly shorter than when the device was new, the battery should be replaced. If you have the
optional “gun” handle with the extended battery then both batteries should be replaced at the same time.
The main battery is a common digital camera battery sold as Fujifilm NP-120 or Pentax D-LI7. We use a
high quality Japanese Li-Ion cell in our OEM pack that we supply with the R/F Terminal. You can obtain a
replacement from Worth Data (P/N: L02) . Our pack is rated at 1950 mAh and provides the longest runtime
available. Do not use a battery pack of unknown quality or origin. Doing so can risk damage to your unit.
The optional handle battery is custom made for Worth Data and must be ordered from us.
Your old battery should be recycled. You can get free recycling information at: http://www.rbrc.org/
To change the internal battery:
1. Turn OFF the R/F Terminal.
2. Remove the battery holder door on the back of the R/F Terminal by removing the two screws holding the
door in place..
3. Remove the old battery and insert a new one, making sure to orient the battery with the battery
contacts facing the battery connector.
4. To replace the optional handle battery, remove the 2 screws holding the handle in place. Unplug the
handle battery assembly.
5. Replace the battery door and screws and turn the reader on using the ON/OFF switch.
6. Sign ON and resume your application.
Recharging the battery:
1. With the RF Terminal shut off, plug the 5V power adapter into the RF Terminal using the supplied
adapter cable.
2. The RF Terminal will turn On and display the following message:
Charging Battery
Please Wait………..
3. When the battery is fully charged after 2-4 hours the following messaged is displayed:
Battery Charge
Complete
4. The unit will remain ON for a half hour or so after the charge cycle has completed and then turn
OFF.
5. If you press the POWER key while the unit is charging, nothing will happen.
6. If you press the POWER key after the unit has turned OFF after completing a charge cycle and the
charger is still attached, the “Charging Battery” message will display again and a charge cycle will
begin.
7. It will take about 2 hours to fully charge a unit with a single battery and about 4 hours to fully charge
a unit with the optional handle battery.
8. Do not charge the battery if the Terminal is very hot or very cold since this will give a false reading
on the condition of the battery and it may not get charged properly.
9. You cannot operate the unit when the charger is attached, except to charge the battery.
R/F Terminal Menu Functions
Upon power-up, the R/F Terminal displays the following opening screen:
R/F TERMINAL LT7001
FIRMWARE: Uxxx – HWyy-Rzz
USA CHANNEL: 0 TERM ID: 0
HIT ANY KEY TO CONTINUE
(The opening screen can be bypassed upon power up. See Chapter 2)
• On second line on the screen, FIRMWARE: Uxxx, gives the firmware revision number. The letter U
indicates USA frequency. Rzz refers to the version of the radio processor firmware.
• HWyy indicates the version of the hardware.
• TERM ID: 0 refers to the current Terminal ID. The default setting is 0. Every Terminal must have a
unique ID.
• Line 3 refers to the channel currently used by the R/F Terminal. USA CHANNEL: 0 refers to a Terminal
set to channel 0.
To move on to the main menu, press any key on the R/F Terminal keypad. The display now reads:
• Press the 1 key to SIGN ON to a two-way communication host computer program through the Base
station.
• Pressing 2 enters the Setup Mode for the R/F Terminal or Base station.
• Press 3 to enter ONE-WAY mode. ONE-WAY mode allows the R/F Terminal to transmit data to the host
computer without prompting from the host computer program – we call this “dumb” data entry. (If you
want a Terminator Character on the bar code, you will have to enter a Postamble using the Setup Menu).
ONE-WAY mode is also useful for demos, as it does not require any interaction from the host computer.
• Press 4 to enter SITE TESTING. SITE TESTING is an excellent way to assess your R/F
communication in any area. It can help you determine the best place to locate your Base station for
maximum R/F performance as well as troubleshoot problems that may relate to range or interference.
You can back-out of any mode or prompt by pressing the F1 key. For example, if you select SETUP MODE
but really want ONE WAY MODE, press the F1 key to take you back to the menu. The F1 key on the R/F
Terminal keypad works like the ESC key on the PC – it will usually get you out and back to the previous
step. You can use the F1 key to exit and SIGN OUT when using a Two-Way communication program
running on the host computer.
The entire mode menu can be skipped (see Chapter 2; RF System Setup), causing the R/F Terminal to
automatically SIGN-ON or go to ONE-WAY mode on power up.
Installing the RF Terminal Utilities Software
The RF Terminal system ships with a CD of programs for use with the RF Terminal and Base station.
You have the choice of installing the following:
Windows Demo Programs and RF DLL Programmers Library
• Demo Programs in VB, Access, and Delphi
• 16 bit and 32 bit DLLs
• VB DLL-based QL3 printer demo program
Windows 7000 RF Base Serial Configuration Utility
ActiveX Tools
• Serial Interface (includes Excel and VB demos)
• TCP/IP (includes VB/Access and Delphi demos)
Windows 7000 RF Terminal Firmware Loader Program
Windows 7000 RF Terminal Voice Prompt Utility Program
DOS/BASIC source demo programs (requires GWBasic or QBasic)
Click on the set of programs you wish to install.
To install any of the programs found on the Utilities CD, simply insert the CD into your CDROM drive. The
install program should start automatically. If it does not, simply run the SETUP.EXE program found on the CD.
Running the demo programs…
The demo programs are all programs provided to help you test your R/F Terminal with a two-way
communication program.
Using the Windows 7000 RF Terminal Loader Utility
The RF Terminal Loader program is a Windows application that allows you to download new RF Terminal
firmware from Worth Data into your RF Terminal, Base or Relay. New firmware can be obtained on CD
ROM directly from Worth Data or downloaded via the Web at:
http://www.barcodehq.com/downloads.html
Installing the Windows Terminal Loader Utility
This program is for Windows 98, NT, 2000, XP, and ME:
1. Insert the CD into your CDROM drive. The "Hardware Utilities Installation" program should start
automatically. If it does not, double click on the SETUP.EXE program on the CD in Windows
Explorer.
2. Click on the RF Terminal button to select the type of hardware.
3. Click on the "Install RF Loader" button.
4. Follow the installation instructions on the screen.
Setup installs three programs and creates a program group for them:
•
•
•
R/F TERMINAL EPROM LOADER HELP
R/F TERMINAL EPROM LOADER
UNINSTALL
See Appendix D; Firmware Upgrades for details on how to use the EPROM Loader programs (Windows).
RF System Setup
The RF Terminal can be configured using the Terminal Setup Menu. Most users do not need to change
anything in the setup. The most commonly changed setup parameters are the Terminal ID (especially if you
have more than 1 terminal) and the Channel (if you are adding an additional Base station).
Factory Default RF Terminal Configuration
Parameter
RF Configuration
Default Setting
RF Channel - 0
Parameter
MSI /Plessy Code
MSI - OFF
Terminal ID - 0
MSI with 1 mod 10 - OFF
Security code - OFF
MSI with 2 mod 10 - OFF
Skip opening screen - OFF
MSI with mod 11/mod 10 OFF
Control Keys Only - OFF
Transmit check digit - 0
Plessy - OFF
Auto Check Back - 00
Code 3 of 9
Default Setting
Code 39 - ON
Codabar
Full ASCII - ON
CLSI format - OFF
Accumulate Mode - ON
Transmit Start Stop - OFF
START STOP Char - OFF
Code 128
MOD 43 Check Digit - OFF
Transmit MOD 43 - OFF
Codabar - OFF
Code 128 - ON
UCC/EAN-128 - OFF
Databar / RSS-14
Databar / RSS-14 - OFF
Code 93 / Code 11
Code 93 - OFF
Caps lock - OFF
Decode Option - 0
2 of 5 Code
Interleaved 2 of 5 - OFF
Check Digit - OFF
Code 93 full ASCII - ON
Transmit Check Digit - OFF
Code 11 - OFF
Standard 2 of 5 - OFF
2 of 5 Length - 06
UPC-A EAN 13
Code 11 Check Trans - 0
RS-232 I/O Settings
Parity - none
Supplements - OFF
Data bits - 8
UPC-A NSC - ON
UPC-A check digit
transmitted - ON
EAN-13 country code
transmitted - ON
UPC-E EAN 8
XON/XOFF Printer - ON
Time & Date Settings
Date Format - USA
Year Output – 2 digits
Shut Down Time – 5 min
Speaker Options
Beep Volume - medium
EAN-13 Check - ON
Beep Tone - 2
ISBN EAN-13 mode - OFF
Voice Volume - medium
UPC-A as EAN-13 - OFF
UPC-E First Char - OFF
Keypad Tone - ON
Laser Options
Double Decode - OFF
EAN-8 First Char - ON
4.5 Second Beam - OFF
UPC-E Check Digit - OFF
Aiming Dot Duration – 0
seconds
EAN-8 Check Digit - ON
UPC-E Expanded
Transmission - OFF
UPC-E1 - OFF
Other Bar Code
Options
Baud Rate - 9600
UPC/EAN ALL - ON
LCD Settings
4/6 Line Legacy Mode -OFF
Background Color – 1 (black)
Storage Tek Label – OFF
Labelcode 5 - OFF
Text Color – 2 (blue)
Labelcode 4 - OFF
Barcode ID's - OFF
Brightness – medium
Brightness Timeout – 5 sec
Using the Setup Menu on the RF Terminal
The RF Terminal can be setup via the Terminals' keypad by entering Setup Mode from the menu. Turn on
the Terminal and press any key. You should see the MODE MENU message:
1. - Sign On
2. - Setup
3. - One Way Mode
4. - RF Site Survey
Press the 2 key. The next menu allows you to choose which item to configure:
RF TERMINAL SETUP
RF CONFIGURATION
1
BAR CODE OPTIONS
2
RS-232 I/O SETTINGS
3
DATE & TIME SETTINGS
4
SPEAKER SETTINGS
LASER SETTINGS
LCD SETTINGS
OTHER SETTINGS
SYSTEM TOOLS
DONE/EXIT
5
6
7
8
9
0
Select the option you want to set or verify or press 0 or the F1 key to exit back to the MODE MENU.
The groups in the keypad Setup Menu contain the following setup parameters:
Setup Group
Parameter
Setup Group
Parameter
RF Setup
1
RF Channel
Terminal ID
Security Code
Skip opening screens
Control Keys Only
Auto Check Back
Code 3 of 9
UPC-A, EAN 13
UPC-E, EAN 8
Code 128
2 of 5 Codes
Codabar
MSI/ Plessey
Code 93 / Code 11
Databar / RSS / Other
Baud Rate
Parity
Data Bits
XON/XOFF Printer
Set Time
Set Date
Date Format
Year Output
Shut Down Time
Speaker
5
Beep Volume
Beep Tone
Voice Volume
Keypad Tone
Double Decode
4.5 Second Laserbeam
Aiming Dot Duration
4 Line Legacy Mode
6 Line Legacy Mode
Background Color
Text Color
Brightness
Brightness Timeout
Preamble
Postamble
Characters
Control Keys
Bar Codes
2
RS-232
3
Date/Time
4
Laser
6
LCD
7
Other
8
Once you have selected a group to edit, you will see each parameter displayed in the order listed above. Use
the next section of this chapter as a reference for all RF Terminal Setup Parameters.
RF Configuration
Default settings are shown in bold type.
The RF Terminal will typically require no setup changes except, Terminal ID (if more than one terminal) and enabling
bar codes to be read other than UPC or Code 39.
RF Terminal ID
Default ID
Available ID's
•
0
0-9, A-Z,
a-z, - =
Every terminal needs a unique Terminal ID. The default Terminal ID is always shipped as 0. If you
have more than one RF Terminal assigned to a Base Station, you must be sure that each RF Terminal has
a unique Terminal ID, (otherwise you will have big troubles including false error messages). The
Terminal ID is always displayed on the Start Up screen when you power up the terminal. There are 64
Terminal ID's available - 0-9, A-Z, a-z, and the special characters "-" and "=". To change the Terminal
ID, select option 2 on the keypad after which a box will appear where you can enter the desired
Terminal ID. Enter one character for the Terminal ID.
RF Terminal Channel
Default Channel
0
• The terminal's radio operates by "frequency hopping" spread spectrum. The radios hop from one
frequency to another using a pseudo-random sequence. The radio goes through 26 different frequencies
and then repeats the sequence – all in the 902-928 MHz band at 250 milliwatts of power. Different
sequences define the channels. It is possible to have more than one RF Network in the same area,
providing each RF Network is on separate channels to avoid interference and general confusion.
• The default Channel is always shipped as 0. There are 6 channels in the USA. The Channel can be set
by pressing the 1 key when in the RF Configuration menu. Each time you press the 1 key the Channel
will increment through the 6 possible channels.
All Terminals, Base Stations and Relays in the RF Network must be set to the same channel. The channel is
always displayed on the Start Up screen when you power up the Terminal. It is possible to have more than one
RF Network in the same area, providing each RF Network is on separate channels to avoid interference and
general confusion.
Security Code
Security Code
Available security codes
OFF
3 characters
• A Security Code can be utilized to minimize the possibility of a Base Station listening to data from a
Terminal that is talking to a different Base Station. A Security Code can also prevent interference from
having many Base Station/RF Terminal configurations in one area; i.e. a merchandise mart with multiple
vendors all running RF Terminal networks.
• A Security Code consists of 3 characters - any combination of ASCII 33 - ASCII 126. This allows for the
possibility of more than 830,000 different character combinations. The characters are entered using the
bar coded FULL ASCII MENU provided in Appendix O; ASCII Code Equivalent Table.
• Once you press 3 to enable the Security Code, you will see 3 boxes appear where you can enter the
desired security code. Pressing the CLEAR key will reset the Security Code to the default value which
is OFF. You can enter any key on the keypad. If you press the shift key the cursor will turn RED and
you can enter any of the shifted values on the keypad.
To enter characters that are not on the keypad, use the FULL ASCII MENU provided in Appendix O.
Skip Opening Screens
OFF
Go to Two-Way (TWO WAY)
Go to One-Way (ONE WAY)
 Many users want to skip the opening screens and go directly to TWO WAY or ONE WAY
communication once their programs are fully operational. Selecting TWO WAY or ONE WAY will
automatically take the operator to the corresponding mode and into your application, skipping the usual
Mode Menu. If you want to return to the Mode Menu at any time, simply press the F1 key.
Control Keys Only
Control Keys Only
Control Keys Only
Off
On
• Several special keys on the RF Terminal keypad can generate a response automatically, sending a
separate message to the host by simply pressing the appropriate control key (without pressing the
ENTER key afterward). This allows for simple and fast scrolling by the operator. The arrow keys,
Begin, End, and Search are the specific keys supported. The default setting is to require the ENTER key
to be pressed before data transmission.
• If you set this feature to ON, in order for the RF Terminal to transmit the following values, the
corresponding Control Key must be the first key pressed in a data entry sequence. If it is not the first
data entered, the arrow key is ignored.
Control Key on RF Terminal
Code transmitted to Host
Up Arrow
Down Arrow
Left Arrow
Right Arrow
Begin
End
Search
FS (ASCII 28)
GS (ASCII 29)
RS (ASCII 30)
US (ASCII 31)
ETB (ASCII 23)
CAN (ASCII 24)
VT (ASCII 11)
The message is sent to the host as:
Bytes
Function
Value
1
2
Last
RF Terminal ID
Data Transmitted
Terminator of Message
0-9, A-Z, a-z, - =
ASCII Value from Table Above
CR
Automatic Check Back
This parameter should not be changed under normal circumstances. After the host sends a prompt, the
Terminal goes to sleep waiting on the operator to key or scan input in response to the prompt. It waits until
the Automatic Shut Off time or until the operator responds. This parameter sets the time that the Terminal
stops waiting on input from the operator, discards the current prompt, and goes back to the host to see if
there is a change in instructions. If no change, the host must resend the prompt again because the Terminal
has discarded the original prompt. The host now has the opportunity to change a prompt. The time can be set
in increments of 5 seconds, up to 495 seconds. The default value is 00. The values possible for entry are 0099. An entered 99 gives 99x5 seconds, or 495 seconds between check backs. The Terminal sends back an
ASCII 07 for the data back to the host (ID ASCII 07 CR). To change this value press the 6 key in the RF
Configuration menu and enter the 2 digit value desired.
Bar Code Options
Code 3 of 9 (Code 39)
Code 3 of 9
Full ASCII
Accumulate Mode
Transmit Start Stop
MOD 43 Check Digit
Transmit MOD 43
Caps Lock
Decode Option
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
0, 1, 2
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
• The Start and Stop character for Code 39 is the * character. Setting 4 determines whether or not those
characters are transmitted to the computer along with the data. For example, at setting ON, the data of
1234 would be transmitted as *1234*. Transmitting the start and stop characters can be useful if you
need to differentiate between data that comes from a bar code versus data coming from the keypad.
• Enabling use of the Mod 43 check character requires that the last character of your bar code conform to
the Mod 43 check character specifications. See Appendix E; Code 39 for more information. Enable
transmission (6) will send the check digit data along with the rest of the bar code data to your computer.
To use 6, you must also be using 5.
• Caps Lock ON causes lower case letters read as data to be transmitted to the computer as UPPER CASE,
and upper case letters to be transmitted as LOWER CASE. Numbers, punctuation and control
characters are not affected. Caps Lock OFF means that letters will be transmitted exactly as read. This
setting applies to all bar code types.
• See Appendix E; Code 39 for more information regarding Accumulate Mode.
• Decode Option is used to allow reading of Code 39 bar codes through a windshield. Setting this option
to 1 will loosen up the decoder a little and option 2 will loosen up the decoder a bit more. This should
be used with caution since using a looser decoder can cause substitutions.
UPC-A / EAN-13 Options
UPC/EAN ALL
UPC/EAN Supplements
UPC-A NSC
UPC-A Check
EAN-13 First 2 Digits
EAN-13 Check
ISBN EAN-13 Mode
UPC-A as EAN-13
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
• Use setting 2 to enable reading of the 2 and 5 digit UPC/EAN supplements commonly found on
magazines and paperback books as well as the Extended Coupon Codes. Using this setting force left to
right reading of UPC codes to assure that the supplement code is not missed.
• Use setting 3 to enable transmission of the NSC character to your computer. The Number System
Character is the leading character in the bar code. For details, see Appendix J, UPC/EAN.
• Use setting 4 to enable transmission of the check digit character to your computer. The check digit is the
last character and is based upon a calculation performed on the other characters.
• Use setting 5 to enable the transmission of the EAN-13 country code (the first 2 digits).
• Use setting 6 to enable the transmission of the EAN-13 check digit.
• ISBN (International Standard Book Numbering) bar codes are EAN-13 with a 5-digit supplement. If the
“Bookland” bar code uses 978 (books) or 977 (periodicals) as the first three digits, then the RF Terminal
can transmit it in the ISBN format. To enable transmission of the ISBN format, set option 7 to ON. To
return to the default of normal EAN-13 transmission, set option 7 to OFF. For details on ISBN, see
Appendix J, UPC/EAN.
• UPC-A can be transmitted in EAN-13 format by adding a leading 0 (USA county code) to the UPC-A
data. To transmit in EAN-13 format, set option 8 to ON.
UPC-E / EAN-8 Options
UPC-E First Digit
EAN-8 First Digit
UPC-E Check Digit
EAN-8 Check Digit
UPC-E Expanded
UPC-E1
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
ON
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
1
2
3
4
5
6
• Use setting 1 and 2 to enable or disable the UPC-E or EAN-8 first digit.
• Use setting 3 and 4 to enable or disable the UPC-E or EAN-8 check digit. The check digit is the last
character and is based upon a calculation performed on the other characters.
• Use setting 5 to select UPC-E0 compressed or expanded. When set to ON (the default setting) UPC-E1
codes are transmitted as is, when set to OFF UPC-E1 codes are transmitted with inserted zero's to make
them the same length as a UPC-A bar code. A NSC of 0 is assumed.
• Use setting 6 to enable the reading of UPC-E1 bar codes. Do not enable UPC-E1 if you plan on reading
EAN-13 bar codes. You may experience partial reads when reading ENA-13.
• If you prefer to transmit UPC-E bar codes in a 6-digit format while EAN-8 is transmitted in its original
8-digit format, set option 7 to ON.
Code 128
Code 128
UCC/EAN 128
ON
ON
OFF
OFF
1
2
• UCC/EAN-128 is a subset of Code 128 that follows certain specifications regarding character content,
length and check digits. Enabling UCC/EAN-128 (2) causes the RF Terminal to look for a Code 128 bar
code that begins with the Code 128 F1 (Function 1) character. See Appendix H: Code 128 for more
details.
Codabar
Codabar
Codabar CLSI
Start Stop Character
ON
ON
ON
OFF
OFF
OFF
1
2
3
• CLSI is a form of Codabar often used by libraries.
• Setting 3 will transmit the Codabar start and stop characters with the bar code data to your computer. If you
are varying the start and stop characters to differentiate between different labels, transmitting the start and
stop can be helpful. See Appendix G; Codabar for more information.
2 of 5 Code
Interleaved 2 of 5
Check Digit
Transmit Check Digit
Standard 2 of 5
2 of 5 Code Length
ON
ON
ON
ON
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
06
1
2
3
4
5
• Setting 2 requires that the last digit in your bar code conform to the specifications for the 2 of 5 check
digit calculation. See Appendix I; 2 of 5 Code for more information.
• Transmission of the check digit (3) requires the use of setting 2 and will transmit the check digit along with
the bar code data to the computer.
• 2 of 5 is so susceptible to misreads that the RF Terminal adds an additional safeguard - it can be
configured to look for fixed-length data only.
• The default setting of 06 causes the RF Terminal to read only 2 of 5 codes that are 6 digits in length. To
set the RF Terminal to read a different length, enter any two-digit number. 2 of 5 code must always be
an even number of digits so the length setting must always be an even number.
• Reading variable length I 2of5 or 2 of 5 codes is to be avoided if at all possible. The 00 setting is
supplied for the purposes of reading codes of unknown length, counting the digits and setting the length
to the proper number.
MSI and Plessey
MSI/Plessy
MSI/Plessy-Single Mod 10 Check Digit
MSI/Plessy-Double Mod 10 Check Digit
MSI/Plessy-Single Mod 11/Single Mod 10 Check
Enable Plessy / Disable MSI
Transmit Check Digits
ON OFF
ON OFF
ON OFF
ON OFF
ON OFF
0, 1 or 2
1
1
1
1
1
2
• The MSI/Plessy options are selected by pressing the 1 key to select the desired mode of operation.
• If you have enabled the Mod 10 or Mod 11 check digits, they will be transmitted along with your bar
code data from the RF Terminal to your host.
• For more information regarding MSI or Plessey Code, see Appendix K; MSI Plessey Code.
Code 93 / Code 11
Code 93
Code 93 Full ASCII
Code 11
Code 11 Check Digit Transmission
ON OFF
ON OFF
ON OFF
0, 1 or 2
1
2
3
4
• Code 93 is similar in character set to Code 39. See Appendix F; Code 93 for more information. Code 93 is
not a commonly used bar code symbology.
DataBar / RSS-14 Options
DataBar / RSS-14
DataBar / RSS-14 plus Identifiers
DataBar / RSS-14 plus UCC-128 Format
ON
ON
ON
OFF
OFF
OFF
1
1
1
By default, DataBar / RSS-14 is disabled. Press the 1 key to toggle through the DataBar / RSS-14 options
listed above. We support the standard and stacked version of DataBar / RSS-14.
For more information on GS1 DataBar, see the GS1.org website at
http://www.gs1.org/productssolutions/barcodes/databar/
Other Bar Code Options
Storage Tek Label
Labelcode 5
Labelcode 4
Bar Code ID's
ON
ON
ON
ON
OFF
OFF
OFF
OFF
2
3
4
5
The Storage Tek Tape Label code is a proprietary variation of Code 39 code used for the storage of
computer data tapes. Enabling the tape label code does not disable reading of Code 128 or Code 39 bar
codes.
Labelcode 5 and Labelcode 4 are proprietary bar code types used by Follet.
Bar Code ID’s are characters assigned to each bar code type to identify that particular type of code.
These Bar Code IDs can output as prefix to the bar code data to identify what type of bar code you are
using. The Bar Code ID’s are assigned as follows:
Bar Code
Codabar
Code 39
UPC-A
EAN-13
I 2of 5
ID
a
b
c
d
e
Bar Code
2 of 5
Code 128
Code 93
MSI
UPC-E(0)
ID
f
g
i
j
n
Bar Code
UPC-E (1)
EAN-8
RSS-14
StorageTek
Plessey
ID
o
p
r
s
x
Bar Code
LabelCode 4
LabelCode 5
ID
y
z
The ID character is transmitted in front of the bar code data.
RS-232 I/O Settings
Baud Rate
Use the 1 key to select the baud rate. The default value is 9600. The available baud rates are 2400, 4800, 9600,
19200, 38400, 57600 and 115200.
Parity
• Use the 2 key to select the parity.
• The options are None, Even or Odd.
• None is generally used with 8 data bits
• Even or Odd parity is generally used with 7 data bits.
Data Bits
• Use the 3 key to select either 8 or 7 data bits.
XON / XOFF Printer
• Setting 4 pertains to use of a serial Printer with your RF Terminal. Use key 4 to enable XON / XOFF if
your serial Printer supports it. It DOES NOT apply to the Cameo and QL3 Printers.
• Settings E and F pertain to the way the RF Terminal handles illegal statements coming from the host
computer. RF Terminal software versions prior to 9.059 did not handle illegal statements the same way
as current versions. This setting is really only applicable if you had written your host program to be
compatible with RF Terminal versions prior to RFT9059.
Date & Time Setting
Set Time
The time is set using a 4-digit military hhmm format. For example, to set the time to 3:08 p.m., you would
enter 1508. To display the time during operation, press the STATUS key.
Set Date
For correct date display, the 6-digit date must be set in the date format you plan to use. By default the US
terminals use the US date format of dd/mm/yy. If you change the date format, you must re-set the date to
match the new format. For example, to set a date of January 20, 2009, you would enter 012009 (US format)
or 200109 (European format). To display the date during operation, press the STATUS key.
Date Format
US Format
European Format
0
1
• The US format of mm/dd/yy is the default setting.
• If you switch formats, you must reset the date (SET DATE) in the new format also.
Year Output
2 digit
4 digit
0
1
• By default, the RF Terminal is configured to display and transmit the year in a 2-digit format; i.e. 2009
would transmit and display as 09.
• Before you change the RF Terminal to display a 4-digit year, i.e. 2009, make sure that the software
receiving data from the RF Terminal is set up to accept a 4-digit year.
Shut Down Time
By default, if the RF Terminal is inactive (no keystrokes or scanning) for more than 5 minutes, it will
shut itself down in order to conserve batteries. This includes SIGNING OFF if appropriate. To resume
operation, you must turn the RF Terminal back on using the ON/OFF key. To change the amount of time
the RF Terminal waits before shutting down enter two digits - the default is 05 (5 minutes)- to
correspond to the length of time in minutes. For example, 01 would be 1 minute. Setting the Shut
Down Time to 00 will disable automatic shutdown.
Speaker Settings
Speaker Options
Beep Volume
OFF
Low
Medium
High
1
1
1
1
The default volume of the “Beep” is Medium. Each time you press the “1” key you will hear a
beep at the different volume settings. When you are happy with the loudness of the beep tone, press 0
or F1 to exit.
Beep Tone
1 - Lowest
2 - Low
3 - Medium
4 - High
5 - Highest
2
2
2
2
2
The default beep tone is 3 – Medium. Each time you press the “2” key you will hear a beep at
various tones. When you are happy with the tone of the beep, press 0 or F1 to exit.
Voice Volume
OFF
Low
Medium
High
3
3
3
3
The default volume of the “Voice” is Medium. Unless you need very loud voice prompts you should
use the medium setting to conserve battery power. When you are happy with the loudness of the
beep tone, press 0 or F1 to exit.
Keypad Tone
Keypad Tone
ON
OFF
4
The “Keypad Tone” is the key click that you hear each time a key is pressed. Press the “4” key to
toggle this On and Off.
Laser Options
Double Decode
Double Decode
ON
OFF
1
• Double Decode is there to minimize the possibility of misreads when scanning very poor quality bar codes.
This option forces the RF Terminal to keep reading until it gets two results that are identical. This "double
scan checking" takes longer but will minimize misreads since it must get the same result twice before
considering it a "good" read.
4.5 Second Laser Beam
4.5 Second Laser Beam
ON
OFF
2
• 4.5-second laser beam increases the amount of time the laser beam is activated, giving the laser more time
to try and read a code. This option is useful for trying to read poor quality code. The default beam time is 2
seconds.
Aiming Dot Duration
Aiming Dot Duration (in 1/10 seconds)
00 – 99
3
• This parameter applies to the built-in internal laser. Before the laser beam spreads, you can create a
brighter aiming dot to be sure you are on the bar code you want to read. The default is set to 00, no
aiming dot. You can key in 01 through 99 which creates an aiming dot in 1/10th second increments; i.e.,
20 would be two seconds.
LCD Options
4 / 6 Line Legacy Mode
6 Line Legacy Mode
4 Line Legacy Mode
OFF
OFF
1
1
The LT7001 is backward compatible with the LT701 6-Line and 4-Line display modes. This will enable you to use
the LT7001 without making any changes to your software that you use with your LT701. This is host software
compatibility only and the LT7001 will not communicate with the B551 Base Station.
Background Color
Background Color
0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, A, B, C, D, E, F
2
The default background color can be set to one of 16 different values. Each time you press the “2” key a small
rectangle will show the selected background color with the current text color. The default value is 1 for Black.
You can find more information about colors in chapter X.
Text Color
Text Color
0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, A, B, C, D, E, F
3
The default text color can be set to one of 16 different values. Each time you press the “3” key a small rectangle
will show the selected text color with the current background color. The default value is 2 for Blue. You can find
more information about colors in chapter X.
Brightness
Brightness
LOW, MED, HIGH
The default brightness of the LCD is medium which works well for indoor use. In high ambient light areas,
like outdoors, you may want to increase the brightness of the display. Increasing brightness shortens battery
life.
Brightness Timeout
Brightness Timeout (in seconds)
00..05..99
This setting controls the timeout for the display to dim after a key is pressed or data is displayed on the
LCD. The dim setting is the same as the LOW brightness setting so if you have the brightness above set to
LOW you will not see any effect from the timeout. Dimming the display helps extend battery life. The
default is 05 for 5 seconds. A setting of 00 will disable the timeout and keep the display always at the
standard brightness level.
Other Settings
Preamble
Preambles are user-defined data that is attached to the beginning of data (bar code or keyed) that is
transmitted to the host by the RF Terminal. For example, if you set a preamble of @@ and scanned bar code
data of 12345, @@12345 would be transmitted to the host.
By default, the RF Terminal has no preambles configured. Preambles can contain up to 15 characters
entered from the keypad or scanned from the bar coded FULL ASCII Menu. To set a preamble:
Select option “8” from the RF Terminal Setup menu then “1” for Preamble from the Other
Settings menu.
2. Enter the desired characters (up to 15). Pressing the shift key will turn the cursor red to indicate that the
shift is active. Pressing shift again will turn the cursor white and return to unshifted mode.
3. Press “ENTER”.when you are finished entering data.
4. To clear the Preamble and return to the default (no Preamble defined), press “CLEAR”.
1.
You can use the Preamble to trim characters from the data you are entering into the RF Terminal. You can
trim from 1-15 characters from the data by creating a preamble of:
~x
where ~ is ASCII 126 and x is a single hex digit 1-F (corresponding to 1-15). Data that is shorter than the
trim amount is transmitted without trimming. Preambles trim characters from the front of the data. Here
are some examples:
Data
123
12345678
12345678
12345678901
123456
Preamble
Data Transmitted
XYZ
XYZ123
~3XYZ
XYZ45678
~9
12345678
~A
1
~5
6
Preamble trims leading characters
Using the Bar Code ID feature and the Preamble, you can trim data selectively, trimming characters only on
the bar code type specified. To use selective trimming, enter:
~bx
where b is the Bar Code ID character (see the Code 128 setup parameter) and x is the number of characters to
trim from the front of the data. For example, ~b2~c1 says “trim 2 characters from Code 39 data and 1 character
from UPC-A data”. Remember that the Preamble trims leading data. This applies to One-Way and host
prompted communication.
Lastly, the Preamble can be used to check a minimum/maximum data length for bar code data entered. To
check for bar code length in the Preamble enter:
|nnmm
where | is ASCII 124, nn is the two-digit minimum and mm is the two-digit maximum. |0210 would check for a
minimum of 2 characters and a maxi-mum of 10. If you try to scan a bar code outside the minimum or maximum
lengths, no decode will result. Entering data by keypad is not affected.
Postamble
Postambles are user-defined data that is attached to the end of data (bar code or keyed) that is transmitted to
the host by the RF Terminal. For example, if you set a Postamble of @@ and scanned bar code data of
12345, [email protected]@ would be transmitted to the host.
• By default, the RF Terminal has no Postambles configured. Postambles can contain up to 15 characters.
To set a Postamble:
1 Select option “8” from the RF Terminal Setup menu then “2” for
Settings menu.
Postamble from the Other
2 Enter the desired characters (up to 15). Pressing the shift key will turn the cursor red to indicate
that the shift is active. Pressing shift again will turn the cursor white and return to unshifted
mode..
3 Press “ENTER”.when you are finished entering data.
• To clear the Postamble and return to the default (no Postamble defined), press “CLEAR”.
• You can use the Postamble to trim characters from the data you are entering into the RF Terminal. You
can trim from 1-15 characters from the data by creating a Postamble of:
~x
where ~ is ASCII 126 and x is a single hex digit 1-F (corresponding to 1-15). Data that is shorter than the
trim amount is transmitted without trimming. Postambles trim characters from the end of the data. Here are
some examples:
Data
123
12345678
12345678
12345678901
123456
Postamble
Data Transmitted
XYZ
123XYZ
~3XYZ
12345XYZ
~9
12345678
~A
1
~5
1
Postamble trims trailing characters
• Using the Bar Code ID feature and the Postamble, you can trim data selectively, trimming characters
only on the bar code type specified. To use selective trimming, enter:
~bx
where b is the Bar Code ID character (see the Code 128 setup parameter) and x is the number of
characters to trim from the end of the data. For example, ~b2~c1 says “trim 2 characters from Code 39
data and 1 character from UPC-A data”. Remember that the Postamble trims trailing data.
• Lastly, the Postamble can be used to check a maximum character length for data entered. To check for
length in the Postamble, enter:
|nnmm
where | is ASCII 124, nn is the two-digit minimum and mm is the two-digit maximum. |0210 would
check for a minimum of 2 characters and a maximum of 10 If you try to scan a bar code outside the
minimum or maximum lengths, no decode will result. Entering data by keypad is not affected.
Characters
This setting allows the RF Terminal to output chosen ASCII characters in place of the actual characters
entered. For example, if you scanned the number 1 (hex 31) and wanted the RF Terminal to output hex 92
instead, you would enter 3192 for the Characters parameter. This would re-assign the output characters,
with the RF Terminal outputting hex 92 every time it sees hex 31. To re-assign characters:
• Select option “8” from the RF Terminal Setup menu then “3” to enable character entry. A square cursor
will appear.
• Enter up to seven 4-digit pairings where the first 2 digits represent the hex number to replace and the second
2 digits represent the hex number to insert. You can have up to seven character reassignments.
• Press “Enter” when done or “Clear” to reset to none.
You can eliminate the output of a character by using FF as the hex number to insert. For example, if you
wanted to eliminate all $, following the above instructions, enter 24FF.
System Tools
Download File
This will allow you to download a new voice prompt file or a firmware update. You must run the utility
program on the PC to download the file.
Play Voice Prompt
To play a voice prompt, select option “2” then enter the 2-digit number of the voice prompt that you wish to
play. The valid range is 01 to 99.
Reset to Factory Default
Select option “3” to reset all setup values to the factory default values. This will reset all values in all
menus of the RF TERMINAL SETUP.
Base and Relay Setup
The Base and Relay Setup is only accessible via the RF 7000 Configuration Utility included on the Utilities CD
that came with your RF Terminal. You can also download the utility from our website at:
http://www.barcodehq.com/downloads.html
Using the RF 7000 Configuration Utility
After you install the Configuration Utility from the CD or from the web, make sure your Base Station or
Relay is attached to one of the computer COM ports using the 9 pin serial cable (F36) cable included with
your system and that the power supply (5v from Worth Data ONLY) is plugged in. A Base Station will light
the LED Green, while a Base jumpered as a Relay will light a the LED Yellow, so be sure your unit is
jumpered properly.
Start the RF 7000 Configuration Utility.
If you know which COM port you are attached to, select that port in the program, then click "Continue". If
you are unsure of the COM port number, the program can find it for you. Enter the range of COM ports to
search, then click "Find Base Station".
The program will look for the Base or Relay and determine its current configuration. Once the program
finds it, it will display the Device Type (BASE or RELAY), the RF Channel (default is 01) and the
Firmware Version (xxxxx-pp). The first five characters are for the main processor's firmware, which can be
updated by you from the latest firmware always available on our website. The last two last two characters
are the firmware version of the radio processor; this is not field updateable. If these two characters don't
show, (you see only xxxxx), it means your radio processor is not responding and you need to call us to
authorize a repair.
If you want to change any of the settings (Baud, Parity, Data Bits and Stop Bits), you can do so by
clicking the desired setting.
If you are configuring a Relay, the first Relay should be configured as Relay ID "0", which is the default. If
you have more than one Relay, then select the desired Relay ID for this unit.
You can enable a Security Code for either a Base or a Relay. The Security Code needs to be three characters
and when enabled, requires anyone wanting to make a change to the Base or Relay to enter this 3-character code.
"Xon/Xoff Sensitive" should be checked ONLY if your system has XON/XOFF specified for handshaking
on the serial port in use. Typically in Windows, handshaking will be set to "None" and you should leave this
setting unchecked. See "Addressing a Terminal not Signed In" and "Base Station Initialized Message" in
Chapter 6 for details.
Once you have made any and all changes, click on the "Send Settings" button. Your Base or Relay is now
configured!
Testing the RF link between base station and host
Use the following command to test the transmission of data from host to Base and back again to the host:
@@*Edataaaaaaaa<EOT>
where dataaaaaaaa is any string of data, terminated by EOT. This string should be sent from the host to the
Base Station. If the data is received by the Base, it is echoed back to the host in the format:
dataaaaaaaa<CR>
where dataaaaaaaa is the data string from the original transmission, terminated by a CR (ASCII 13). This
test verifies communication in both directions (host to Base, Base to host).
• If the data isn’t echoed back, either your host COM port or the Base Station has a problem.
• Once you know the Base Station is communicating with the host correctly, compare the channel of the
Base Station with the channel of the Terminal. Use Site Testing to check the communication of the
Terminal to the Base and back. Stay close, make sure no other Terminals are in use, and go to Site Test
mode on the Terminal. You should get 90-100% on first try. If you don’t, it’s a good chance your radios
need repair. Call Worth Data for an RMA.
If you are using PICK or UNIX as your operating system, make sure the Base Station is set to "XON/XOFF
Sensitive".
Operational Theory
Before you jump in and start writing a complex host program, it might be nice to be familiar with the theory
behind the operation of your RF Terminal. The RF Terminal has three different modes of communication:
• Two-Way Mode - the host program transmits requests for data to the terminal via the Base Station. The
RF Terminal transmits a response back to the Base Station, which in turn sends the data on to the host
program. This is a truly interactive mode allowing you to create flexible programs for a variety of
applications that are computer led and controlled.
• One-Way Mode - the RF Terminal transmits to the host with only confirmation from the Base Station.
The host program receives data from the Base Station as it would any other serial device. The host cannot
send data to the terminal; it can only receive information.
• Site Survey Mode – the Base Station and RF Terminal work together to evaluate the site and determine
the best location for the Base Station. The site survey evaluates the signal strength of a number of test
packets that are exchanged between the Base and Terminal. The higher the number, the more successful
your communications will be from that area. This helps you to identify problem areas before you
implement your RF Terminal system. At 30 ft., this is also the acid test for suspected bad radios in a base
or in a terminal.
Let’s start with a discussion of the basic theory behind a Two-Way RF Terminal system.
How the Two-Way RF System works
Basic RF System communications…
The RF system consists of three components – Host Computer, Base Station and RF Terminal. The Base
Station connects to the Host Computer via the serial port. The application running on the Host Computer
sends a data prompt to the com port where the Base Station receives it. The Base Station then transmits the
data prompt via radio frequency to the intended RF Terminal. The RF Terminal displays the data prompt on
the display and waits for the operator to enter the requested data. Once the operator enters his data, the RF
Terminal transmits the data to the Base Station, which in turn passes it on to the Host Computer. The
application on the host computer processes the information and sends a new data prompt out to the Base
Station and the whole process begins again.
A little more in depth…
This RF system’s dialogue is Terminal initiated. The Terminal says, “I’m here, give me something to do.
The Worth Data RF system is different from other systems in that our RF Terminal does not constantly
“listen” for a data prompt from the host. We decided to use a different approach that would help to
eliminate unnecessary radio traffic, conserve battery power, reduce the size of the Terminal, and greatly
simplify the operation.
Here is how it works:
Each RF Terminal has a unique Terminal ID. When the RF Terminal powers up, it asks if you want to SIGN
ON? Pressing YES at the SIGN ON? prompt causes the RF Terminal to transmit it’s Terminal ID and a
byte of data indicating to the Base Station that it wants to sign on to the system.
When you press YES to the SIGN ON prompt on the RF Terminal, the Terminal will display the following
message:
WAITING ON BASE TO ACKNOWLEDGE
This message is normal when first establishing communication and may occur occasionally during normal
operation.
When the Base Station receives a SIGN ON message from a RF Terminal, the Base Station transmits the
SIGN ON information to the host computer. The host computer application can then do one of two things:
• If it has something for the Terminal to do, it can send a prompt to the Base, which in turn transmits it to
the Terminal. The RF Terminal receives the prompt, waits for the operator to enter the requested data,
and then transmits the data back to the Base Station.
• If the host program does nothing within an allotted time, the Terminal displays the message:
WAITING ON HOST PROMPT
Lets suppose that a RF Terminal and a Base Station have been processing data by sending prompts and data
back and forth as described in example 1. The Base Station sends a data prompt to the RF Terminal, the RF
Terminal transmits the operator-entered data back to the Base Station. If the host program has another
prompt for the terminal, the Base sends it out, repeating the process above.
Suppose the host program does not have a prompt ready to send back to the Terminal; the Terminal
transmits its data to the Base Station but does not receive a new data prompt. The Terminal then retransmits
its data (it thinks maybe the host didn’t receive it) and waits for a response.
Once the terminal has received a prompt back from the host, the time it took the host to respond is sent to
the Terminal. For all subsequent transmissions, the terminal goes to sleep until the time it took the last time
for the host to respond has expired; then the terminal wakes up and listens. If it has nothing, it retransmits its
data and waits for a response.
The original data transmission could have collided with another message, or the Base could have received
the Terminal's data but had not yet received the host's prompt response. If the previous transmission got
through, the Base Station knows that the data is a retransmission rather than a new data transmission so it
sends a message to the Terminal telling it:
“I have nothing for you from the host, go to sleep”.
While in “sleep” mode, the Terminal “wakes” up at a random interval and asks “do you have anything for
me yet”, waiting for either a “go to sleep” message or a new data prompt. After each delays, the Terminal
displays:
WAITING FOR HOST PROMPT
If a Terminal receives no response at all from a Base Station (no data prompt or “go to sleep” message), it
retransmits its data and waits for a response. If the Terminal gets no response after 10 re-transmissions, it
assumes it is out of range from the Base Station with which it was communicating, and attempts of establish
contact with any Base Station. If the Terminal can't contact any Base Station, it displays:
TRANSMISSION FAILED
HIT ANY KEY_
Pressing a key on the Terminal starts the re-transmission process over again. The RF Terminal will try to
retransmit its data, displaying the TRANSMISSION FAILED message after every 10 unsuccessful tries.
Can I change a prompt after it has been sent?
Normally once the Terminal has received a prompt from the host, it goes to sleep and waits (as long as it
takes) for the operator to scan or key something in response. The host cannot send another prompt without
creating a "Sequence Error." You might want to change the prompt or locate a lost terminal with beeping.
There is a special setting in the RF Terminal Setup in which you specify the time (between 5 seconds and 7
minutes) you want the Terminal to quit waiting for input from the operator, blank the screen, send back a
special control character to the host program, display "Waiting on Host Prompt" and wait for a prompt from
the host application program; the host application program can choose to send back different instructions or
simply repeat the previous prompt's instructions, (See Automatic Check Back in the Programming Section).
How the One-Way RF System works
The RF System can be used to perform “dumb” data entry to the computer – you could even use Portkey to
transmit the data through a serial connected Base as though it has been entered from the keyboard. This is
useful if you want to enter data directly into an application. This type of data transmission is called One-Way
Mode. Once the RF Terminal transmits data to the Base Station, the Base Station acknowledges receipt of the
information by echoing back the data to the Terminal that sent it, along with a beep. If the data transmission
did not make it through to the Base station after 10 tries, the RF Terminal will give two long beeps and display
the following message:
TRANSMISSION FAILED
TO RETRY, MOVE CLOSER
AND PRESS ENTER.
F1 TO EXIT.
One-Way mode also works well as a test program since it doesn’t require a program running on the host
computer or even that the Base Station be connected to the host. To get into One-Way Mode:
Hit any key at the opening screen, then select option 3 from the MODE MENU.
If the Base Station already has other RF Terminals signed on in Two-Way mode, you will not be allowed
into the system. A Base Station must be dedicated to one mode at a time.
If the Base Station is dedicated to One-Way mode, you will see the following prompt on the RF Terminal
display:
Data Received Was
Enter Data?
Since you have just started your One-Way session, there is no data to display on line #2. Line #3 is now
asking you to scan or key data into the RF Terminal. If you are entering data from the RF Terminal keypad,
you must press the ENTER key to transmit your data. If the Base Station receives the data, the RF Terminal
displays the following prompt:
Data Received Was
aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa
Enter Data?
Where aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa is the data received by the Base Station (and transmitted to the Host
Computer if connected). You can exit One-Way Mode simply by pressing the F1 key on the RF Terminal
keypad.
In One-Way Mode, the RF Terminal transmits its Terminal ID to the Base Station but it does not pass it on
to the Host Computer. If your application on the Host Computer needs to know which RF Terminal data
came from, use the Preamble setup parameter to enter unique identifying information. Data is also
transmitted without a Terminator Character (like a CR or TAB that is transmitted after the data); so if you
need one, use the Postamble setup parameter to add the appropriate character(s) after your data. For more
information on Preambles and Postambles see Chapter 2; RF System Setup for details.
How Site Survey works
The RF Terminal uses Site Survey mode to: 1) test the radios at short range, (50 ft.) as an acid test for
correct operation, and 2) to evaluate a specific site for effective coverage. Because each operating
environment is different, it is almost impossible to predict the range without Site Survey.
Before you permanently install any hardware, you should perform a Site Survey to fully evaluate your
planned area of operation. During the test the RF Terminal is transmitting messages and waiting for
acknowledgment from the Base Station. (Since this US Terminal hops over 26 different frequencies, the Site
Survey goes across all frequencies to make comparisons valid; this takes about 10 seconds.). The Site
Survey mode displays the success rate of sending 100 packets to the Base. The higher the number, the more
successful your communications will be from that area. Site Survey does not require your Base Station be
attached to your Host Computer. All you need is your Base Station, 5v power supply and RF Terminal. For
detailed information on how to perform a Site Test and use the results to determine the best location for your
Base Station, go to Chapter 4; Performance Issues.
Performance Issues
Evaluating your area of planned operation
Since every operational environment is different, it is impossible for us to tell you exactly what equipment
you need and where you should put it to achieve maximum performance from your RF System. However
with 3.3 miles of open area range, unless you are going through a lot of walls, you probably won't care
where the Base is located and you probably will not need a Relay.
Site Survey was developed so that the user could start with a minimum system (RF Terminal and Base
Station) and determine for themselves what their realistic operating range is, what additional equipment they
need, and where to install their Base Stations to achieve optimum performance. Some other manufactures
require expensive Site Surveys before you can even purchase any equipment from them. Our Site Survey
allows you the flexibility to Site Survey whenever you choose, whether it is before you install your system
or during operation to troubleshoot RF problems. Site Survey is the most valuable tool you have to help you
achieve an efficient RF System with maximum range.
There is also some basic information about Radio Frequency itself that can help you make smart choices about
the location and composition of your system:
• Metal walls are almost impenetrable by RF. If your warehouse computer is located in a metal shed, don’t
locate the Base Station inside with the computer. Locate the Base Station outside the metal shed instead.
• The more walls you try to transmit through, the more the signal breaks down. Walls that have metal
studs (interior office walls) and concrete walls with steel rebar slightly degrade the signal with each wall
you try to go through. Metal walls may require the use of Relay Stations to achieve adequate coverage.
• Organic material absorbs RF energy. If you are trying to operate in an area with lots of densely packed
organic material (bags of beans or corn), expect and plan for reduced operating ranges.
There are some additional measures (other than a Site Survey) you can take early on to maximize your
range:
•
•
Base Stations should be located at the center of the area of intended coverage. If they are not located
in the center, they should be tilted in the direction of use.
Raise the Base Station. Sometimes just raising the Base Station a foot or two will dramatically increase
your operating range, especially in a warehouse or grocery store environment. Mounting the Base
Station on the ceiling with the antenna pointing down is the best.
Performing a Site Survey
As we have said before, the Site Survey is your most valuable tool for evaluating your planned area of
operation. All you need to perform a Site Test is a RF Terminal, a Base Station and it's 5v power supply.
There are a few things you need to do though before you begin:
• Make sure all other Base Stations are turned OFF.
• Make sure that the Base Station and RF Terminal you are using are set to the same channel. Base Stations
and RF Terminals are shipped from the factory set to channel 0. If you need to change the channel, see
Appendix A; Channel and Jumper Changes.
The Base Station does not need to be connected to a host computer to do a Site Survey. Simply connect the
Base Station to wall power using the 5v power adapter. Locate the Base where you think you will have the
best range and power it up. Turn on the RF Terminal and press a key at the opening screen. At the MODE
MENU:
MODE MENU
1. - Sign On
2. - Setup
3. - One Way Mode
4. - RF Site Survey
5.
select option 4 to go to the Site Survey screen.
If the Base Station is powered up, walk to the area where you want to perform your first test, (start at 50 ft.
or greater). When in position, stop and look at the RF Terminal display. It should read:
Press Enter When Ready
or F1 to Exit
Press the ENTER key to start the test. During the test, (about 10 seconds), hold still during the test – moving
around can result in inaccurate results. During the test the RF Terminal is transmitting many messages and
waiting for acknowledgement from the Base Station. During the test the following message displays on the
RF Terminal screen:
Site Testing in Progress,
Please Wait…………..
Please Wait… will display on your screen until the test is finished. If it takes more than a few seconds,
there is something wrong. When the test is finished, you will see the results displayed in the following
format:
1st try Good : nn%
2nd try Good : nn%
Press Enter When Ready
or F1 to Exit
The first line shows the percent of successful transmissions. As long as you are getting at least 90%, you will
have excellent results in the location tested. You can still get decent performance with results around 50% but
there will be some slight delays due to re-transmissions.
If you don’t get the minimum results shown above:
1. Try hanging the Base Station upside down or tilted toward the area of usage – this alone can
double the effective range.
2. Try locating the Base Station closer to the area of difficulty. Remember that moving the Base
Station will require you to recheck the other locations already tested.
3. If none of the above works, you will have to consider using a Relay.
Relay Stations
Since the range of the LT7001 Terminal is quite large you probably won't need a relay unless you must have
coverage in more than one location that is difficult to cover with a single base. An example of this would be
inside two or more metal buildings where a base would be in one building and a relay in the other. Relays
work like a remote antenna, passing data to the Base Station via cable instead of radio frequency. Base
Stations are used as Relay Stations by changing the jumpers inside. See Appendix A for details.
Relay Stations are attached to the Base Station using a cable that connects from the Base’s RELAY port to
the Relays’ RELAY port. When you order a Relay Station, you receive a 3-foot test cable with it. Although
Relay Stations will increase your range of operation, they will also add about ½ second to the response
time.
How Relay Stations work…
It helps to know how Relay Stations work before you add them to your system. Although Relays
increase your operational range, they also slow the response time of your system. In order to use Relays,
the Terminal must be configured to acknowledge that Relays are present. This is done using the Relay
Existence setup parameter. By default, the RF Terminal is not configured to look for Relays. See
Chapter 2; RF System Setup for details.
Once the RF Terminal is Relay-ready, it can use the Relay instead of the Base Station to communicate.
If a RF Terminal tries to transmit 10 times to a Base Station without a response, it broadcasts a “who can
hear me” message. If both the Base Station and the Relay hear the message, whoever answers back to
the RF Terminal first becomes the point of contact for that RF Terminal.
Once a RF Terminal has established communication with a Relay, it addresses that particular Relay until
another communication failure (10 transmissions with no response) occurs. If a Base Station is within
hearing distance of the RF Terminal, it will ignore messages meant for the Relay.
When a Relay receives data from a RF Terminal, it then transmits that data to the Base Station over RS-422
twisted-pair cable. The Base Station in turn transmits data (via cable) for that RF Terminal to the Relay, for
subsequent broadcast to the RF Terminal.
Relays are “dumb”. Relays do not know whether a transmission was received by the Base Station or not, so
it is up to the RF Terminal to retransmit its data if it does not receive a message from the Host Computer
(via the Relay). The Relay can recognize data from the Terminal though and if it receives 10
retransmissions from the RF Terminal, the Relay assumes that the Base Station cannot hear it and broadcasts
the message:
RELAY n CANNOT BE
HEARD BY THE BASE
NOTIFY SUPERVISOR
PRESS ANY KEY
At this point, the RF Terminal puts out the “who can hear me” message. The RELAY n CANNOT BE
HEARD message usually indicates a cabling problem and should be checked out immediately.
Sometimes a Relay gets a response from the Base Station that is partial data or garbage. The Terminal
retransmits its data since it has not received a new prompt. If this occurs ten times, the RF Terminal
broadcasts, “who can hear me”. At this point the Relay is still functioning and answers the RF
Terminal’s call. Should the Relay respond to the RF Terminal first, the whole sequence starts again. If
the Relay again gets “garbage” messages from the Base and the Terminal re-transmits 10 times, then the
Relay concludes that there is something wrong and broadcasts the RELAY CANNOT BE HEARD
message. This situation indicates that you may have an electrical “noise” problem – check your cabling
as well as any electrical equipment that is in the area.
Determining coverage areas for Base Stations and Relays
As we said before, it is almost impossible to predict the effective RF communications range in a given
environment. The typical area of coverage is a 3,000 – 10,000 ft. radius.
After a Site Test, if you have determined that you will need to add Relays to cover the area you want to
operate in, you will need to determine where to place
your Relay in relation to your Base Station. To
effectively cover an area, there must be overlap between
the area covered by the Base Station and the area
covered by the Relay. The example on the right shows
what can happen with no area overlap:
run
Keep in mind that the maximum length of wire that can
between a Base and a Relay or from Relay to Relay is
4000 feet. In most cases the range of the LT7001 to the
Base will exceed this amount unless you are operating in a
very challenging environment.
As
you can see, the only area adequately covered is in a path
where the two circles touch. The “dead space” is
completely without coverage. Alternatively, locating the
Base Station and Relay as shown below results in better coverage:
To Site Survey a Relay, all other Relays and Base Stations must be turned off. This is the only way to know
for sure which Relay is responding. Alternatively, perform the Relays’ test out of range of the other Relays and
Base Stations.
Relay Installation
Relay Stations are connected to the Base by twisted-pair wire. See Appendix B: Adding Relays for the
pin outs and a testing plan.
Is radio traffic contention likely?
The radio traffic time is about 30ms per transaction. Radio time is not going to be a gating factor, even with
more terminals than the allowed 64 maximum.
The bottleneck could partially be the serial port baud rate in high volume applications. The default baud rate
is 9600 baud; you can increase this up to 115,200 baud, but the greater the baud rate, the less the RS-232
cable distance allowable.
The gating factor for the application is almost always going to be the application program. By splitting the
application between two or more work stations, each talking to a separate set of Terminals/Base Station,
that factor can be minimized.
Before you begin programming…
The RF Terminal operates in two basic ways:
One-Way communication, where all data transfer is initiated by the RF Terminal. This is not very useful,
because it has no editing or prompting. The Base Station itself simply acknowledges the receipt of the data
by echoing it back to the Terminal. The host computer has no dialog whatsoever with the Base Station or
Terminal; it is simply used to take the data coming from the Base through the serial port and do something
with it.
Two-Way communication, where messages from the host user program are sent to the Base Station (via the
serial port), then from the Base Station to the RF Terminal. The Terminal responds back to the Base with
data and its Terminal ID. The data is then transmitted from the Base to the host computer where it is
processed and the next command is sent out. Each RF Terminal has a unique Terminal ID, allowing a single
Base Station to handle up to 64 Terminals.
Two-way dialog is established when a Terminal SIGNS ON to the RF network. The host computer application
waits until a Terminal SIGNS ON, then begins its processing by sending the first prompt out to the Terminal
via the Base Station. If the Terminal does not receive a prompt from the host, it goes into “sleep” mode,
“waking up” and checking with the Base periodically (see Chapter 3; Operational Theory for details) to see if
it has any messages waiting. This conserves battery power and reduces radio traffic.
Two-Way mode requires programming to communicate with the Terminal where One-Way mode does not.
We have tried to make it easy for the programmer to communicate with the Base Station; no protocol or
handshaking is required. This type of communication is fine when the Base is located only a few feet from
the serial port it is connected to. If you are locating your Base Station farther away, use shielded, grounded
(bare wire Pin 1 touching shield) cable, lower baud rates and possibly, line drivers for very noisy
environments. (Do not use Cat 5 wire for a serial cable).
Before you begin programming, there are some factors you should take into consideration during the
planning process.
• Plan for system failures. This includes hardware failures, software failures and operator failures. In
order to create an efficient application, you must put some thought into what you will do when different
parts of the system fail.
• Look for All Errors. Be sure your program is trapping all possible error conditions that the Base Station
may return to you. The list includes:
Sequence Errors detected
Illegal Command detected
Base Station Initialized
Addressing a Terminal Not Signed In
Command without an ID
All of these error conditions are detailed in the next chapter. Don’t forget to program for them;
this is a common mistake. Failure to trap them will give create very strange, unpredictable
results.
Even though you don’t think your code will ever make a mistake, take advantage of feedback
that the Base Station provides. Failure to do so is a common mistake that eventually results in
serious program failure, sometimes due to hardware problems that go undetected.
• Parse the Returned Strings thoroughly. Don’t assume anything about the next response from the Base
to your program and look only for the partial string such as the ID only; parse the string returned
completely and be sure you are examining every possibility. Failure to do so is a common mistake.
• Plan for expansion. You may start small (1 base/1 Terminal) but try to create an application that will
allow for easy expansion and addition - especially of Terminals.
• Use the Demo Programs. The demo programs can at least allow you to see how the system functions
and whether you can anticipate any system-wide problems. The demo programs should also be used as
a response-time benchmark.
Failure Planning
Hardware Failures
Let’s assume that each part of the system has failed. How are you going to know what has happened and
how are you going to recover?
• The most frequent failures are at the Terminal level. If a Terminal has a hardware failure, it will not be
able to SIGN OUT. It is possible for the Terminal operator to press the ON/OFF key or the F1 key by
accident, forcing the Terminal to SIGN OUT - sometimes in the middle of a transaction. This happens at
battery-charging time also. You need to plan for partial transactions - do you trash the data you do have
and start over, or pick up where you left off?
• Keep in mind that if a Terminal has SIGNED OUT in mid-transaction, the Base Station clears any
pending message for that Terminal before it will allow it to SIGN ON again. Make allowances to resend messages or prompts that were cleared upon SIGN ON if necessary.
• If a Base Station has a hardware failure, neither the Terminal nor the host computer will be able to
communicate with it. When the Base Station comes back on-line, it sends a “Base Station Initialized”
message back to the host, letting the host know that it must re-initialize all Terminals and pick up any
incomplete transactions.
Operator Errors
• Plan on your operator walking out of range and going to lunch in the middle of a transaction. What do
you do with the data you do have, and where are you going to start up again?
• Let’s say your operator is SIGNED ON and decides it’s time to take a break. Instead of pressing the F1
key to SIGN OUT, he presses the OFF key. Pressing the OFF key is OK (it will SIGN him OUT) but
there is a delay until the SIGN OUT is acknowledged. Because of the delay, the operator might think he
didn’t press the key hard enough and press it again - this time actually powering down the Terminal
before the SIGN OUT was complete. If this happens, you need to plan to re-send the last prompt to the
Terminal when he SIGNs ON again.
Programming for the RF Terminal
The four levels of programming support offered for the RF Terminal are:
• Low Level ASCII sequences sent to and from the Base Station by the user program reading/writing to
the serial port.
• Low Level ASCII sequences sent to and from the Base Station using DLL for Windows for serial port
reading/writing.
• Active X drop-in components. Every necessary function is defined. You just complete the code for each
function.
• TCP/IP Active X drop-in components used by the “Server” computer to communicate with the “Client”
computer that has the Base Station(s) attached.
LOW Level ASCII sequences directly
Planning
Remember, plan for every error that the Base Station might return including:
Sequence Errors detected
Illegal Command detected
Base Station Initialization detected
Addressing a Terminal Not Signed In detected
Command without an ID
Programs can be written in any language that has access to the serial port (reading/writing), regardless of the
platform. No more than one Base Station is allowed for each serial port.
Host to Terminal Programming
The basic format of a message that is transmitted from Host to Base to Terminal is fairly simple:
Byte position
Function
Possible values
1
2+
Last
RF Terminal ID
Command(s)
Termination of message
0-9, A-Z, a-z, - =
**
EOT (ASCII 4)
The RF Terminal ID is always the first byte and always only 1 character in length. There are 64 different
possible values - 0-9 , A-Z, a-z, - and =.
The Command(s) section of the message always starts with the second byte and can consist of one or more
commands - including data to be displayed or voice messages to be broadcast.
The last byte is always ASCII 4 (EOT) to terminate the message.
Here is a listing of valid commands and examples:
Command
characters
*@
[email protected]
[email protected]
[email protected]
Command function
Reinitializes all terminals
Reinitializes Terminal #3
Make Terminal #1 beep n (1-9) times
*
[email protected]
[email protected]
[email protected]
[email protected]
[email protected]
*
[email protected]
*
[email protected]@CF
[email protected]
[email protected]
[email protected]
[email protected]
[email protected]
[email protected]
Clears the entire screen (4, 6 or 15 lines) on Terminal #2. *See
more about 4 and 6 line displays on page 6-4.
Clears line 1 on Terminal #0
Clears line 2 on Terminal #1
Clears line 3 on Terminal #2
Clears line 4 on Terminal #0
Clears line 5 on Terminal#3 (if 6 line display), Clears all lines if 4
line display. *See more about the two display types on page 6-4.
Clears line 6 on a 6 line display. Will do nothing on a 4 line
display. *See more about 4 and 6 line displays on page 6-4.
Clears lines 7 thru 15 on a 15 line display. Will do nothing on a 4
or 6 line display. *See more about 4 and 6 line displays on page
6-4.
Clears screen (same as @C0) and sets SMALL font, 15 lines
with 26 characters per line
Clears screen (same as @C0) and sets MEDIUM font, 10 lines
with 20 characters per line
Clears screen (same as @C0) and sets LARGE font, 7 lines
with 13 characters per line
Displays date and time on line n (1-4) in US (mm/dd/yy,
hh:mm:ss) or Euro (dd/mm/yy, hh:mm:ss) format on Terminal #1
Play voice message #nn (01-99) on Terminal #1
Output dataxxxxxxx to serial port on Terminal #1 -max 231 chs
NOTE: The 15-line terminal defaults to small font on Sign-In.
Color Display Programming
New commands have been added to take advantage of the larger color display on the LT7001. You now have
the ability to define the color and font size on a line by line basis.
There are 16 possible text and background colors available to choose from. They are the same 16 colors used in
HTML programming.
The @C command has been expanded to set the foreground and background colors for the entire display and
within the same command you can also set the font size for the entire display to all be the same or split up the
display using different size fonts for each line.
The command structure is as follows:
@C[fnfnfn...][\cb]
Where:
@C are the 2 header bytes
f: is the font size and can be either S, M or L for small, medium or large
n: is the number of lines being defined
\cb: defines the user default colors, c=text color, b=background color
The \cb command can also change the active text/background color within a prompt at any time.
All screen formatting and color commands are dynamic and not stored in the unit so they will need to be sent at
every sign-in.
The color codes are:
0 = AQUA
1 = BLACK
2 = BLUE
3 = FUCHSIA
4 = GRAY
5 = GREEN
6 = LIME
7 = MAROON
8 = NAVY
9 = OLIVE
A = PURPLE
B = RED
C = SILVER
D = TEAL
E = WHITE
F = YELLOW
Here are some examples:
@CS2M2L2
will clear the screen and set the first two lines of the screen to be small fonts, the next two lines to be medium
fonts, and the next two lines to be large fonts. The remaining undefined lines will be small font with the default
colors. The default colors will be used since there is no \cb at the end of the command.\
followed by:
@1,1,0,\[email protected],1,0,\21Invalid [email protected],1,1,\ACData<EOT>
will display “Warning” on the first line in small font with RED text on a WHITE background, “Invalid Data” on
the third line in medium font with BLUE text on a BLACK background and “Data” on the 5th line in large font
with PURPLE text on a SILVER background. The cursor will be positioned after the “Data” on the 5th line and
entered text will be in the last color combination, PURPLE on SILVER.
Remember that if you only define 6 lines then the remaining lines on the screen will be defined as small font
with the default colors.
When you are defining the font size for each line of the screen be aware that the total pixel count of all the lines
defined cannot exceed the height of the screen.
The total height of the screen is 240 pixels. A small font is 16 pixels tall, a medium font is 24 pixels tall and a
large font is 32 pixels tall.
If you define 2 lines with small fonts, 2 lines with medium fonts and 2 lines with large fonts you will be using
(2x16)+(2x24)+(2x32)=144 pixels out of a maximum of 240 pixels. The top 144 pixels of the display will be
used, the bottom 96 pixels will be divided into 6 lines (96/16=6) of small font..
If you attempt to define a combination of fonts that exceeds 240 pixels total, a ? will be returned to the host for
invalid command.
Here are some more examples:
@C\E1
will clear the screen and set the default colors to WHITE text on a BLACK background. In concept, @C\E1 is
the same as @C0\E1; however, @C0\E1 is an invalid command. The change of user colors is always embedded
in a Clear Screen Command.
@CS1M3L1S1L2\BE
will clear the screen and set the first line to be small font, the next 3 lines to be medium font, the next line to be
large font, the next line to be small font and the last two lines to be large font with RED text on a WHITE
background for all lines. The total height of the lines will be (1x16)+(3x24)+(1x32)+(1x16)+(2x32)=200
pixels:
this is line 1
this is line 2
this is line 3
this is line 4
this is line 5
this is line 6
this is line 7
this is line 8
The active colors change whenever \cb is received in a prompt. The user default will be used to display all the
prompts unless \cb changes the colors. All prompts will start with the user default. The active colors from the
last prompt will NOT be carried over to the next prompt.
A typical “prompt” command sequence follows the format below:
[email protected],m,o,data
where
n
m
o
data
is the line number (1-4) you want the prompt displayed on
is the character position (1-20) where you want the
prompt displayed
is the character that determines whether the prompt is for
display only (0) or is waiting for data input (1) See the
table below for valid characters for this position.
is the data you want displayed
For example, the command @1,1,1, Enter Quantity would display Enter Quantity starting at position 1
on line 1, then wait for the operator to enter their data.
These are valid entries for the third position character:
0
1
2
3
4
5
A
B
C
D
E
S
p
P
R
K
M
No data input for this Command, Display ONLY
Data input required from the keypad or scanner
Only keypad input allowed, start un-shifted
Only keypad input allowed, start SHIFTED
Only scanner input allowed
Only accept YES (Enter key or C key) or NO (0 key or B key)
keypad response. (Terminal sends 1 for YES, 0 for NO). C and
B key are there to facilitate YES/NO keypad entry while
scanning with integrated laser.
same as 1, but time stamped as prefix (hhmmss)
same as 2, but time stamped as prefix (hhmmss)
same as 3, but time stamped
same as 4, but time stamped
same as 4, but can press END key to break-out of scanneronly input mode. Terminal ID + CR is sent to host
SHIFTED keypad input or scanner input
un-shifted keypad entry with no display (for passwords)
SHIFTED keypad entry with no display (for passwords)
Data input required from the RS-232 serial port (waiting for
serial input can be bypassed by pressing the ENTER key
which will send a NULL data string back to host computer.)
Uses for this are PDF 417 Serial Scanners, and the Cameo
Printer’s magnetic stripe input. A POS terminal becomes
possible. Scan the credit card and print the receipt, all on the
RF Terminal.
Data input from an external serial keyboard that attaches to the
serial port. As data is keyed, the characters are displayed on
the RF Terminal LCD display.
This command is for a printer initialization and magstripe input
on the Zebra Cameo printer equipped with the magstripe
option.
Here are some rules and useful tips for creating messages (one or more commands per message):
• Re-initialize commands *@, or [email protected] (where n is the Terminal ID 0-F) clear the buffer for terminal(s) in the
Base Station. Following a re-initialization, the host program should re-display of all the screen data
necessary to start the application.
• A message with multiple commands is legal and useful. For example, the command “@1,1,0, PLEASE
[email protected],1,1,QTY” would display PLEASE ENTER on line 1, display QTY on line 2, and then wait
for data input. All 6 lines can be filled with one message.
• Messages can be a combination of multiple commands, (i.e. voice messages, initialization, clearing
lines, requesting data entry), up to 231 characters in length. A message cannot though, contain an @S
command in combination with any other command. A message also should not contain more than 1
request for data entry (third character in command is 1). For example:
@1,1,1,[email protected],1,1,QTY
has two data entry “prompt” commands combined. If this message were sent to the RF Terminal, the first
data entry prompt (@1,1,1,ITEM) would be executed, but any and all commands after the first data entry
prompt in that statement would be ignored without warning – there will be no display or indication of an
illegal command.
The @S command (for serial output) statement cannot be combined with any other command - even
clear (@Cx) commands. After a @S command is successfully completed, the Base Station sends back
to the host the RF Terminal ID followed by a CR (ASCII 13). There is a 231 character limit on data
for this command. If you send a command of more than 231 characters, you will get an Illegal
Command returned, (ID ? CR). If you need to send 300 characters of data, send the first part, wait for
the acknowledgement (ID CR), and then send the remaining part. If you are using the @S command
with a printer other than the Zebra Cameo or QL3, you may have to change the Protocol parameter in
the RF Terminal to XON/XOFF. This will allow the RF Terminal to deal with the character buffer
limitations of your particular printer. If you are using the O’Neil MicroFlash Printer, you must send a
NULL character before the valid data to wake up the printer. See your printer manual for details and
see Chapter 6 for details on printer protocol.
• The @M command is similar to the @S command, except it can be combined with other commands
because it is a data entry command too. This command is for a printer initialization and magstripe input
on the Zebra Cameo printer equipped with the magstripe option. The format of the command is:
@Mdddatttta(EOT)
where dddatttta might be ! U1 MCR 80 T1 T2+ CR + LF
(Refer to the Cameo manual for the exact string sequence you need to send. The above example sends
over an 10 second request for reading Track 1 and Track 2).
There is no reply to the host except the magstripe data. If the card cannot be read, pressing the ENTER
key on the Terminal will send back ID+CR. This is the breakout method.
This command must be the last in a series of commands. For example, the following would be a typical
multi-command statement:
@[email protected],1,0,Swipe [email protected]! U1 MCR 80 T2 (CR)(LF)(EOT)
where:
CR is ASCII 13
LF is ASCII 10
EOT is ASCII 4
The statement causes the RF Terminal to transmit the string
"!U1 MCR 80 T2 CR LF" to the
Cameo printer. The printer then wakes up and blinks to indicate the magstripe input is ready to be
swiped; when the swipe is complete, the Terminal sends back the data to the host computer as:
ID+T2:Data on Card+CR (the printer's CR LF stuff is stripped)
If the request is for Track 1 and Track 2, the data sent back is
ID+T1:data on 1+T2:data on 2+CR
• Every statement must end with a data entry “prompt” command, whether the statement is a single
command by itself or several commands combined together. Any illegal statement will be ignored as a
command but will be displayed on the addressed RF Terminal display exactly as written. If no Terminal
ID was included in the statement, it will try to display the invalid statement on ID 0. Once the ENTER
key is pressed on the Terminal displaying the invalid statement, the terminal sends the Base Station a “?”
character. The Base Station then in turn sends the message n?CR (where n is the Terminal ID and CR is
a carriage return) back to the Host computer.
• The “Clear lines” command (@Cx) for the 4 line displays differ slightly from the “Clear lines”
command for the current 6 line displays.
• The following table shows the programming differences for 4 lines/6 lines:
Command
@C0
@C5
@C6
@CA
4 Line
Clears all lines
Clears all lines
No effect
No effect
6 Line
Clears all lines
Clears line 5
Clears line 6
No effect
15 Line
Clears all lines
Clears line 5
Clears line 6
Clears line 10
• In order to maintain compatibility with 4 line display terminals in an existing system, there is a new
option in the RF Terminal Setup for 6 line display terminals. The LCD DISPLAY MODE allows the
user to configure a 6 line display terminal as a 4 line display (centering the data on the display and
conforming to the old programming command format, i.e. @C05 clears all lines). See Installation and
Setup for details on how to get into LCD DISPLAY MODE.
• The SIGN ON character for a 6 line display RF Terminal operating in 6 line display mode (see the
previous point concerning LCD DISPLAY MODE) is different than for a 4 line display. A 6 line display
terminal operating in 6 line mode signs on using ASCII 22. If the 6 line terminal is configured for 4 line
display, it signs on using ASCII 15. This allows you to use both types of display in the same system and
be able to distinguish between the two terminal types. See page 6-6 for more information on SIGN ON.
CAUTION: All 6 line display terminals are by default, configured as 6 line display terminals and will try to
SIGN ON using ASCII 22. If you are trying to SIGN ON to an existing 4 line display terminal system that
has not had any changes in its programming to utilize the 6 line display terminals, the 6 line display terminal
will NOT BE ABLE TO SIGN ON. Make sure to reconfigure the Terminal using the LCD DISPLAY
MODE to operate as a 4 line display terminal.
Here are some sample command statements utilizing some of the programming tips offered above:
@2,1,1,ENTER ITEM NO
@[email protected],2,1,WRONG ITEM
@[email protected],7,0,PICKING
@1,1,1,[email protected],1,1,QTY
Display ENTER ITEM NO on line 2, position 1
and wait for wait for data input. This is a valid
single command statement – it ends with a
data entry request.
Play voice message 23, display WRONG ITEM
on line1, position 2 and wait for data input. This is
a valid multiple command statement – it ends
with a data entry request.
Clear line 1. Display PICKING at position 7 of
line 1. This statement is illegal. To be a valid
statement, it must end with a data entry
request. For example:
@[email protected],7,0,[email protected],7,1,ITEM
Since only one command can be a “prompt” data
entry request, this is an illegal statement and
would be ignored as a command. It would be
valid if changed to @1,1,0,[email protected],1,1,QTY
Base Station to Host Formats
The basic format of a message that is transmitted from Base to Host is fairly simple:
Byte position
Function
Possible values
1
2+
Last
RF Terminal ID
Data Transmitted
Termination of message
0-9, A-Z, a-z, - =
**
CR (ASCII 13)
Typically, the Base Station is sending the “answer” to the hosts “question” - for example, if a Base sent a
host message to a terminal #2 that said:
[email protected],1,1,ITEM NUMBER + EOT
The RF Terminal would display ITEM NUMBER on line 1, position 1 and accordingly, the operator would
then enter an item number by scanning or using the keypad. The RF Terminal transmits the data entered -say
it’s 123 - to the Base Station, which in turn transmits the following to the host:
2123+CR
Where 2 is the Terminal ID, 123 is the data and CR is the termination, (the plus sign is not transmitted).
Besides data, there are other messages that the Base Station will send to
the Host:
Serial Reply
After a Serial command (@S) has been successfully completed, the Base Station sends to the Host the
Terminal ID followed by a CR. Serial commands are typically used for attached serial printers. Serial
commands cannot be combined with other commands in a message to the Base Station/Terminal.
Remember, you can only send 231 characters (including the ID + @S + EOT).
SIGN ON
To login to the host computer, the user presses a key on the RF Terminal at power-up to get to the SIGN ON
screen. As the user SIGNs ON, the Base Station sends back the following SIGN ON message to the host:
Byte position
Function
Possible values
1
2+
RF Terminal ID
SIGN ON
Last
Termination of
message
0-9, A-Z, a-z, - =
SYN (ASCII 22) if 15 line display
configured as a 6 line display.
SI (ASCII 15) if 15 line display
terminal configured as 4 line display.
DC4 (ASCII 20) if 15 line display
configured as a 15 line display.
CR (ASCII 13)
After a terminal SIGNS ON, the host should be prepared to acknowledge the SIGN ON and give the
terminal instructions, such as:
Standby for Assignment, Press ENTER to acknowledge
Nothing to do, Press ENTER and See Supervisor
Pick Item 1234
If there is something for the Terminal to do, the host should send instruction to the terminal (as in “Pick Item
1234” above). If there is nothing to do at the time of SIGN ON, the host should acknowledge the SIGN ON
and tell the terminal to Stand By or See Supervisor (see lines 1 and 2 above). You will notice that in lines 1
& 2 above, there is a request for the operator to press the ENTER key. This is required for the message to be
a valid command - remember that all messages must end with a request for data input. The host should then
expect a response from the terminal of Terminal ID + DATA (none if only pressing ENTER key) + CR.
SIGN ON is a good way for the terminal operator who has not received instruction from the host for several
minutes to determine if he is still connected and if the host is still functioning. By SIGNing OUT and
SIGNing back ON, the operator should receive a message that there is nothing to do. It is also a good idea
for the host to keep track of elapsed time that a terminal has not had a message sent out to it. The host
should then send a message periodically to re-assure the operator (remember to ask him to press ENTER)
that instruction is coming or tell him to see his supervisor for re-assignment (or whatever makes sense for
your application).
Ideally, if the operator is leaving the area (to go to lunch or move to another building) before he is out of
range of the network, he should SIGN OUT, then SIGN ON upon his return.
A 6 line display terminal configured as a 6 line display (see Installation and Setup for LCD DISPLAY
MODE) sends ASCII 22 as its SIGN ON character. A 6 line display terminal configured as a 4 line display
will transmit the ASCII 15 character for SIGN ON.
SIGN OUT
When a RF Terminal is powered down manually or the user presses the F1 key to exit data entry mode to go
to one of the other modes (SETUP or ONE WAY), the host receives the following SIGN OUT message:
Byte position
Function
Possible values
1
2+
Last
RF Terminal ID
SIGN OUT
Termination of message
0-9, A-Z, a-z, - =
SO (ASCII 14)
CR (ASCII 13)
Base Station Error Feedback
The following are four different unexpected feedbacks that the Base Station can send back to your program:
(Be sure to look for each of them to be sure your program doesn’t blow up at an unexpected time.)
Addressing a Terminal not SIGNed ON
If the host attempts to send a message to a terminal that is not SIGNed ON, the Base Station sends back the
following message to the host computer:
Byte position
1
2+
Last
Function
Possible values
RF Terminal ID
Terminal NOT Signed In
Termination of message
0-9, A-Z, a-z, - =
DC1(ASCII 17)
CR (ASCII 13)
The ASCII 17 character can be changed to ASCII 16 for XON/XOFF sensitive systems by changing the
Base Station Setup. See Chapter 2; RF System Setup for details.
If the Base Station receives five Addressing a Terminal not SIGNed On messages in a row, it transmits the
following message to the Terminal and shuts down: (it will recognize a reinitialize command (*@EOT)
from the host though)
Base Shut Down
Due to Host Logic
Error
Check your program for the sequence error before starting again. The host program will have to reinitialize the
Base Station or you will have to cycle power on the Base Station and have the Terminal Sign On again in order
to continue.
Sequence Error Message
The host program must observe the one-for-one "host prompt/terminal response" protocol at all times. The
host cannot send a second data entry prompt until it has received a response to the first data entry prompt. If
it does, this is considered a Sequence Error. If the Base Station receives a command that is out of sequence,
it sends the following message back to the host:
Byte position
Function
Possible values
1
2+
Last
RF Terminal ID
Sequence Error
Termination of message
0-9, A-Z, a-z, - =
DC2 (ASCII 18)
CR (ASCII 13)
If the Base Station receives 5 Sequence Error’s in a row, it transmits the following message to the Terminal
and shuts down: (the only host command that it will receive is *@EOT)
Base Shut Down
Due to Host Logic
Error
Check your program for the sequence error before starting again. You will have to reinitialize the Base
Station by host program control (*@EOT) or manually cycle power on the Base Station and have the
Terminal Sign On again in order to continue.
Illegal Command
When a terminal receives an illegal statement from the host, it will display the entire statement on the
terminal. Once the ENTER key is pressed on the terminal, the terminal sends a “?” back to the Base Station.
Byte position
1
2+
Last
Function
Possible values
RF Terminal ID
Illegal Command
Termination of message
0-9, A-Z, a-z, - =
?
CR (ASCII 13)
For example, if Terminal #2 received an illegal command, the Base station would transmit to the host:
2?CR
If a command is sent from the host to the base station without a valid terminal ID character, such as:
@1,1,1,Scan Serial Number
since the command doesn’t specify which terminal it is meant for, the base sends the following message
back to the host:
*?CR
If the Base Station receives more than 231 characters, it treats that statement as an Illegal Command. If it
sees more than 231 characters 5 times in a row, it transmits the following message to the Terminal and shuts
down:
Base Shut Down
Due to Host Logic
Error
You can re-initialize the terminal by sending *@EOT or by powering the base off and back on.
Automatic Check Back
When a terminal checks back in to see if there is a change in instructions, the host can send back the same
prompt or send back a new prompt. The check back occurs according to the time specified in the Terminal's
setup, (specified in increments of 5 seconds). When a check back occurs, the Terminal clears the screen of
the current prompt, and sends back the following message:
Byte position
1
2+
Last
Function
Possible values
RF Terminal ID
Check Back
Termination of message
0-9,A-Z,a-z,-=
BEL (ASCII 07)
CR (ASCII 13)
Base Station Initialized Message
Whenever the Base Station is powered up, it sends a message back to the host as follows:
Byte position
Function
Possible values
1
2+
Last
BASE ID
Base Initialization
Termination of message
* (Base ID is fixed)
DC3 (ASCII 19)
CR (ASCII 13)
Since ASCII 19 is XOFF, the ASCII 19 character can be changed to ASCII 20 for XON/XOFF sensitive
systems by changing the Base Station Setup. See Chapter 2; RF System Setup for details.
The Base Station Initialized message is provided so that the host will know that there has been a power
interruption on the Base Station. When a serial device powers up, the first byte transmitted is often garbage.
QBASIC handles the garbage character without incidence, but GWBASIC does not unless ON ERROR
GOTO is used to trap the error. Be aware of this potential garbage-byte problem in your programming. To
isolate and test for the problem, power up the Base without the serial cable connected. After you power the
Base up, plug in the serial cable. You will not see the “Base Initialized” message but it should not matter
when testing for the garbage data.
If a terminal is signed-on to the system, and the base station is re-initialized, the following message is sent
to the terminal:
Base Reinitialized X
Cycle Power on RF
Terminal and Sign-on
again to Restart_
where X is either a P (base initialization was power-related) or H (base initialization was host-related.
Control Keys for Possible Programming
There are some keys on the RF Terminal keypad that when pressed, can transmit special ASCII characters
back to the host program. This feature might be used by a programmer to allow the operator to review
transactions. You can use these keys for special program functions, such as scrolling thru data, backing
up steps, jumping, finishing a process, etc The keys are as follows:
Key
Code transmitted to Host
UP ARROW key
DOWN ARROW key
LEFT ARROW key
RIGHT ARROW key
BEGIN key
END key
SEARCH key
FS (ASCII 28)
GS (ASCII 29)
RS (ASCII 30)
US (ASCII 31)
ETB (ASCII 23)
CAN (ASCII 24)
VT (ASCII 11)
The STATUS key is reserved to only display the Time and Date.
The Control keys can be used without pressing the ENTER key by using the Control Keys Only Terminal
Setup parameter. See Chapter 2; RF System Setup for details.
PromptCOM/ActiveX
Drop-in components are tools that are added to your programming environment "tool kit". There are a
variety of different technologies around for implementing a drop-in component such as VBX (for Visual
Basic) and VCL (for Delphi and C Builder) and COM (ActiveX). Only the ActiveX variety are widely
compatible with almost all development environments.
PromptCOM/ActiveX is a drop in COM component that allow programmers to easily add the ability to
send prompts to and receive data from their R/F Terminal via an RF Base Station. It is compatible with
Visual Basic, Visual C++, Delphi, and most other 32-bit development platforms. See the help file for
installation instructions.
Programming Considerations for ActiveX
Before making any method calls, make sure you :
• Set the COM port properties (device name, baud, parity, bits,) as desired. Make sure the port is closed
(call CloseDevice) before making changes to any of the port settings.
• Call the OpenDevice method. This activates the COM port used by this instance of the WDterm control.
• Set the ActiveTerminal property to identify the terminal on which you desire to operate. You can change
the ActiveTerminal at any time in order to direct commands to appropriate terminals.
Test For Good Communication – ActiveX Object
Implement an event handler for OnTermBaseRegister that causes a beep or displays a message when called. If
communication between the host PC and the base station is good, your event handler will fire when your
program is running and you power up an attached base station.
Multiple Base Stations
For installations using multiple base stations attached to a single host PC (these were called "channels" in
PromptCOM/DLL) simply add a WDterm control to your application for each base station.
Terminal Tracking
Since you get one set of event handlers for each base station, you will need some scheme for keeping track
of where each terminal (up to 64 per base station) is in its transaction sequence. One possible solution is to
use a "state"variable for each terminal (perhaps stored in an array). Test the state variable to determine the
next prompt for any given terminal. See the samples for more ideas.
It is very important to keep track of "login status" for each terminal. Every SignOut event should have an
associated SignIn event and a given terminal should not be allowed to SignIn twice without an intervening
SignOut. Multiple SignIns from one terminal without appropriate SignOuts indicate either:
A terminal going out of range and having its power cycled before returning within range OR
Two (or more) terminals using the same ID (terminal ID conflict).
Concepts - ActiveX Object Programming
When you use drop-in components in your program you will follow the standard object-oriented
programming paradigm that uses properties, methods, and events to implement the functionality of the dropin component.
• Properties are the various configuration variables used by the drop-in component. An example of a
property is the ComDeviceName setting.
• Methods are function calls used to issue commands and access features of the drop-in component. An
example of a method is sending an Input command to the terminal.
• Events are function definitions placed in your application’s source code. The function definitions in
your source code are called Event Handlers. The skeleton structure of the event handler’s source code is
automatically generated. The code in the Event Handler is called ("fired") by the drop-in component
when a specific event occurs. An example of an event is when a terminal returns data and the OnTermData
event is fired.
The details of how to access Properties/Methods/Events varies between development platforms. Details of
how it works in some of the most popular platforms is illustrated in the samples included with the RF
Utilities CD or available for download from our website at:
http://www.barcodehq.com/downloads.html
Properties – ActiveX Object
Properties are the various configuration variables used by the WDterm control. They are directly assignable
in your application (e.g. "WDterm.ActiveTerminal = 5") and can be set in your development environment’s
object browser.
Important: Except for ActiveTerminal and Quiet, all properties require the serial port to be "closed" before they
can be changed. Use the CloseDevice method before setting properties and then call OpenDevice to re-open the
serial port.
Note that your development environment may show more properties for the WDterm control than are listed
here. This is normal. You may ignore properties you see that are not listed here.
ActiveTerminal
Valid values: 0 -63
Definition: This is the terminal ID (0-63) to which method call instructions are directed.
ComDeviceName
Valid values:
COM1-COM16
Definition: This is the serial port that this instance of the control will use. If you have more than
one base station, drop in another WDterm control and set its ComDeviceName for your
other COM port(s).
ComBaudValue
Valid values:
300, 600, 1200, 2400, 4800, 9600, 19200, 38400, 57600, 115200
Definition: This is the serial port speed setting and must match the base station setting.
ComParity
Valid values:None, Even, Odd.
Definition: This is a serial port setting and must match the base station setting. WDterm may allow
other settings but those listed here are the only ones compatible with current version
base stations.
ComDataBits
Valid values:
7, 8
Definition: This is a serial port setting and must match the base station setting. WDterm may allow
other settings but those listed here are the only ones compatible with current version
base stations.
ComStopBits
Valid values:
1, 2
Definition: This is a serial port setting and must match the base station setting. WDterm may allow
other settings but those listed here are the only ones compatible with current version
base stations.
Quiet
Valid values:
True, False
Definition: If Quiet is set to True then any status and error message generated by WDterm will be
suppressed.
Methods – ActiveX Object
Methods are commands that you issue to the WDterm control. All of the "Inputxxx" commands cause the
terminal to wait for operator input.
Note that your development environment may show more available methods for the WDterm control than
are listed here. This is normal. You may ignore methods you see that are not listed here.
Important: When your application starts up, the serial port is "closed". You must call OpenDevice before other
method calls will work.
Except for the ReInitAll method, all methods use the ActiveTerminal property to identify the terminal to use.
Color Codes for 7001
(15-line) Terminal
0 - aqua
1 - black
2 - blue
3 - fuchsia
4 - gray
5 - green
6 - lime
7 - maroon
8 - navy
9 - olive
10 - purple
11 - red
12 - silver
13 - teal
14 - white (white)
15 - yellow
OpenDevice
Function:
Opens the communications (serial) port. This must be called before any of the methods
described below. Make sure to set all Properties as desired before calling this method
(except ActiveTerminal or Quiet).
CloseDevice
Function:
Closes the communications (serial) port. This must be called before changing any of the
Property settings (except ActiveTerminal or Quiet). When your application starts up, the
serial port is "closed". You must call OpenDevice before other method calls will work.
InputAny
Parameters: line, position, prompt, shifted, timestamped
InputAnyColor (15-line terminal only)
Parameters: line, position, prompt, shifted, timestamped,FG,BG
Function:
This instructs the ActiveTerminal to display the prompt at line and position and wait for
data to be entered from either terminal keypad or scanner. If shifted is set to "true", the
terminal will start in shifted mode. Timestamped appends a (hhmmss) prefix to the
returned data.
InputKeyBd
Parameters: line, position, prompt, shifted, timestamped
InputKeyBdColor (15-line terminal only)
Parameters: line, position, prompt, shifted, timestamped,FG,BG
Function:
This instructs the ActiveTerminal to display the prompt at line and position and wait for
data to be entered from the terminal keypad only. If shifted is set to “true”, the terminal
will start in shifted mode. Timestamped appends a (hhmmss) prefix to the returned data.
InputExtKeyBd
Parameters: line, position, prompt
InputExtKeyBdColor (15-line terminal only)
Parameters: line, position, prompt, FG, BG
Function:
This instructs the ActiveTerminal to display the prompt at line and position and wait
for data to be received from the PS/2 keyboard attached using an adaptor to the terminal
serial port. Waiting for external keyboard input can be bypassed by pressing the enter
key on the terminal which will send an empty data string to the host (fires the
OnTermData event handler). External keyboards are supported by terminals using
firmware version RFU1010 or later.
InputScanner
Parameters: line, position, prompt, allowbreakout, timestamped
InputScannerColor (15-line terminal only)
Parameters: line, position, prompt, allowbreakout, timestamped,FG,BG
Function:
This instructs the ActiveTerminal to display the prompt at line and position and wait for data
to be entered from the terminal scanner only. Setting allowbreakout to true allow user to
"break out" of scanner only mode by pressing the end key on the terminal. A termID+CR
will be sent to the host.
InputYesNo
Parameters: line, position, prompt
InputYesNoColor (15-line terminal only)
Parameters: line, position, prompt,FG,BG
Function:
This instructs the ActiveTerminal to display the prompt at line and position and wait for a
Yes (Enter key or C key) or a No (0 key or B key) from the terminal keypad.
Note: C and B keys are used to facilitate keypad entry while scanning with the
integrated laser.
InputPassword
Parameters: line, position, prompt, shifted
InputPasswordColor (15-line terminal only)
Parameters: line, position, prompt, shifted,FG,BG
Function:
This instructs the ActiveTerminal to display the prompt at line and position and wait for
data to be entered from the terminal keypad only. The entered data is not displayed on
the terminal.
InputSerial
Parameters: line, position, prompt
InputSerialColor (15-line terminal only)
Parameters: line, position, prompt,FG,BG
Function:
This instructs the ActiveTerminal to display the prompt at line and position and wait for
data to be received through the terminal serial port. Waiting for serial input can be
bypassed by pressing the enter key on the terminal which will send an empty data string
to the host (fires the OnTermData event handler).
OutputSerial
Parameters: data
Function: This instructs the ActiveTerminal to send data to the terminal’s serial port. Data must be less
than 231 characters in length for each call to OutputSerial.
SendDisplay
Parameters: line, position, prompt
SendDisplayColor (15-line terminal only)
Parameters: line, position, prompt,FG,BG
Function:
This instructs the ActiveTerminal to display the prompt at line and position. Must be
followed by an "Input" method call to take effect.
ClearScreen
Function:
This instructs the ActiveTerminal to clear its display. Must be followed by an "Input"
method call to take effect.
ClearLine
Parameters: line
Function: This instructs the ActiveTerminal to clear the specified line on its display. Line number is
indicated by 1-9 and A-F Must be followed by an "Input" method call to take effect.
DefineFormat (15-line terminal only)
Parameters: font, linecount
Function: Adds a line formatting definition. This command is called multiple times to build a
display formatting definition for multiple lines which is then sent to the ActiveTerminal by
the SendFormat command.
If only one line is defined (that is DefineFormat is called only once), then after
SendFormat is called, only one line will be available for display on the ActiveTerminal.
There are a limited number of lines available depending on the font size(s) chosen. Each
font has a defined height:
small: 16
medium: 24
large: 32
The total height of the defined lines cannot exceed 240. If it does, an error code is
generated (see CheckError) and the SendFormat command is ignored.
There is limited display width available for text. Depending on the font you select for a
line:
small: 26 characters
medium: 20 characters
large: 13 characters
If you try to send prompt or display text longer than this, it will be truncated and an
error code is generated (see CheckError).
Must be followed by a SendFormat and then an Input call to take effect.
SendFormat (15-line terminal only)
Parameters: FGcolor, BGcolor
Function: Sends to the ActiveTerminal the current Format Definition as created by one or more calls
to the DefineFormat method. It also sets the user-default display foreground and
background colors.
Must be followed by an Input method call to take effect.
SendDate
Parameters: line
Function: This instructs the ActiveTerminal to display date and time on the specified line number.
Must be followed by an "Input" method call to take effect.
Beep
Parameters: count
Function: This instructs the ActiveTerminal to beep count times. Count may be a value from 1 to 9.
Must be followed by an "Input" method call to take effect.
PlayVoice
Parameters: msgnum
Function: This instructs the ActiveTerminal to play voice message number msgnum. Msgnum may
be a value from 1 to 99. Must be followed by an "Input" method call to take effect.
ReInit
Function:
This instructs the ActiveTerminal to re-initialize. Must be followed by an "Input" method
call to take effect.
Base Stations use the message "Buffer Reinitialized..." to indicate a single terminal
re-initialization.
ReInitAll
Function:
Instructs all attached terminals to re-initialize.
GetErrCode
Returns code for the most recent error. Calling this method resets the Error Code to 0.
Error Codes
0. No Error
1. Command Data Too Long
2. Error on Close Device
3. Serial Out Data Too Long
4. Invalid Terminal ID On Last Command
5. Terminal ID Format Error
6. Display Formatting Error
Events – ActiveX Object
WDterm events occur when a specific condition is met. When an event is "fired", an event handler
function in your application is called.
Though the details of exactly how it is done varies from one programming environment to the next, the
source code skeletons for the various event handlers are automatically generated and inserted into your
source code for you. See the samples for more specific information.
Each event passes relevant information to your event handler function. The only event that does not pass
any data is OnTermBaseRegister. All others pass at least the Terminal ID on which the event occurred.
OnTermData also passes the data that was keyed or scanned into the terminal.
Terminal ID is always passed as 0-63. A Terminal ID value of 99 indicates an error.
Once you have the event handler skeletons, you can proceed to add whatever functionality you desire to
each event.
You must call the OpenDevice method before any events can be fired.
OnTermBaseRegister
Event:
An attached base station has successfully powered up and communicated with the host
computer via the serial connection.
OnTermSignIn15
Data passed:terminal
Event:
A 15-line terminal has signed in. Terminal ID is passed in terminal.
OnTermSignIn6
Data passed:terminal
Event:
A six-line terminal has signed in. Terminal ID is passed in terminal.
OnTermSignIn4
Data passed:terminal
Event:
A four-line terminal has signed in. Terminal ID is passed in terminal.
OnTermSignOut
Data passed:terminal
Event:
A terminal has signed out. Terminal ID is passed in terminal.
OnTermData
Data passed:terminal, data
Event:
A terminal has sent data in response to an Input method call.
OnTermNotSignedIn
Data passed:terminal
Event:
A command has been sent to a terminal that is not signed in.
OnTermSequenceError
Data passed:terminal
Event:
The one-for-one host prompt/terminal response protocol has been violated. The host cannot
send a second Input command until it has received a response from the first Input command.
If a base station receives 5 sequence errors in a row, a Host Logic error is generated and the
base shuts itself down.
While PromptCom/ActiveX will intercept and prevent most logic errors, they are
still possible so you should implement this event handler!
OnTermIllegalCommand
Data passed:terminal
Event:
An illegal command has been sent to a terminal.
PromptCom/ActiveX is designed to prevent illegal commands but software is not
always perfect and we may not have imagined all the ways in which our customers will
want to use it!
OnTermUpArrow
Data passed:terminal
Event:
The up-arrow button has been pressed on a terminal. You must issue another Input
method call before WDterm can respond to another keypress on the terminal.
OnTermDownArrow
Data passed:terminal
Event:
The down-arrow button has been pressed on a terminal. You must issue another Input
method call before WDterm can respond to another keypress on the terminal.
OnTermLeftArrow
Data passed:terminal
Event:
The left-arrow button has been pressed on a terminal. You must issue another Input
method call before WDterm can respond to another keypress on the terminal.
OnTermRightArrow
Data passed:terminal
Event:
The right-arrow button has been pressed on a terminal. You must issue another Input
method call before WDterm can respond to another keypress on the terminal.
OnTermBeginKey
Data passed:terminal
Event:
The BEGIN button has been pressed on a terminal. You must issue another Input method
call before WDterm can respond to another keypress on the terminal.
OnTermEndKey
Data Passed:
terminal
Event:
The END button has been pressed on a terminal. You must issue another Input method
call before WDterm can respond to another keypress on the terminal.
OnTermSearchKey
Data passed:terminal
Event:
The SEARCH button has been pressed on a terminal. You must issue another Input
method call before WDterm can respond to another keypress on the terminal.
PromptNET TCP/IP Active X Controls
PromptNET/ActiveX is a drop in COM component that allows programmers to easily add the ability to
send prompts to and receive data from their R/F Terminal via an RF Base Station across a TCP/IP network
connection.
PromptNET requires a "Client" computer on a TCP/IP network (to which up to 4 serial Base Stations can
be attached) and a "Server" computer visible on the network to the Client.
The client computer runs the PromptNET Client Utility program as a background task. The server
computer runs your application which uses the PromptNET ActiveX component to communicate with the
Client.
The ActiveX component is compatible with Visual Basic, Visual C++, Delphi, and most other 32-bit
development platforms. The client program requires Windows 98 or later. See the help file for installation
instructions.
Programming Considerations
Network Setup
The network settings on both client and server must support TCP/IP communications.
It is critical that the client and server computers are "visible" to each other across your network. Both
computers must have an IP address in the same subnet. The server requires a static IP address while the
Client can either have a static address or use an assigned IP address via a DHCP server or equivalent. Refer
to your Windows networking administration utility in the Control Panel to configure computer IP address
settings.
PromptNET uses ports 54123 (server) and 54124 (client).
You can link server and client through a dial-up or DSL internet link as long as the server has a static IP
address and your router passes the above ports.
If you are unsure of how to set up your IP configuration properly, refer to your network administrator for
help.
Client Utility
Make sure the Client Utility is properly installed on the client computer and communicating with at least
one Base Station. Test the Client by cycling power on the Base Station. You should see a "Base SignOn"
message in the monitor window.
Server Communications
Run the Server Test Utility on the server computer. Now go to the client computer, set the IP address for the
server computer and a unique "Base Name" for the Client Utility and attempt to connect to the Server Test
Utility. If the Client Utility connects, you are configured properly. Go to the server computer, shut down the
Server Test Utility and begin work on your PromptNET server application.
For Client/Server communications, the Client Utility is required to be running on the PC that the serial Base
Stations are attached to.
Before making any WDIPterm method calls in your application, make sure to set the ServerOn property to
"true".
Test For Good Communication
Implement an event handler for OnTermBaseRegister that causes a beep or displays a message when called. If
communication between the host PC and the base station is good, your event handler will fire when your
program is running and you power up an attached base station.
Multiple Base Stations
For installations using multiple base stations attached to a single client PC, simply use the four "channels"
provided by the Client Utility program.
Terminal Tracking
Since you get only one set of event handlers, you will need some scheme for keeping track of where each
terminal (up to 64 per base station, up to 4 base stations per client) is in its transaction sequence. One
possible solution is to use a "state" variable for each terminal (perhaps stored in an array). Test the state
variable to determine the next prompt for any given terminal. See the samples for more ideas.
It is very important to keep track of "login status" for each terminal. Every SignOut event should have an
associated SignIn event and a given terminal should not be allowed to SignIn twice without and an
intervening SignOut. Multiple SignIns from one terminal without appropriate SignOuts indicate either:
•
•
A terminal going out of range and having its power cycled before returning within range OR
Two (or more) terminals using the same ID (terminal ID conflict).
Concepts - TCP/IP COM
Drop-in components are tools that are added to your programming environment "tool kit". Only the ActiveX
variety are widely compatible with almost all development environments. When you use drop-in
components in your program you will follow the standard object-oriented programming paradigm that uses
properties, methods, and events to implement the functionality of the drop-in component.
Properties are the various configuration variables used by the drop-in component. An example of a property
is the ServerOn setting.
Methods are function calls used to issue commands and access features of the drop-in component. An
example of a method is sending an Input command to the terminal.
Events are function definitions placed in your application’s source code. The function definitions in your
source code are called Event Handlers. The skeleton structure of the event handler’s source code is
automatically generated. The code in the Event Handler is called ("fired") by the drop-in component when a
specific event occurs. An example of an event is when a terminal returns data and the OnTermData event is
fired.
The details of how to access Properties/Methods/Events varies between development platforms. Details of
how it works in some of the most popular platforms is illustrated in the samples included with the RF
Utilities CD or available for download from our website at:
http://www.barcodehq.com/downloads.html
Properties - TCP/IP COM
Properties are the various configuration variables used by the WDIPterm control. They are directly
assignable in your application (eg. "WDIPterm.ServerOn = true") and can be set in your development
environment’s object browser.
Note that your development environment may show more properties for the WDIPterm control than are
listed here. This is normal. You may ignore pro-perties you see listed in your development environment that
are not listed here.
ServerOn
Valid values:
True, False
Function: Set to True to enable the server. Set to false to turn the server off. You should leave this
off unless your program is actually running. Setting it to True at design-time can cause
problems.
Quiet
Valid values:
True, False
Function: If Quiet is set to True then any status and error message generated by WDIPterm will be
suppressed.
LogFile
Valid values:
blank or a valid file name
Function: If the file does not exist it will be created. If it exists, it will be appended to. If LogFile is
blank, no log file is maintained.
ClientList
Valid Values:
Read Only.
Function: Returns a formatted string listing all attached client BaseNames and associated IP
numbers. Format is "basename CR/LF ip address CR/LF basename…".
Methods - TCP/IP COM
Methods are commands that you issue to the WDIPterm control. All of the "Inputxxx" commands cause the
terminal to wait for operator input.
Note that your development environment may show more available methods for the WDIPterm control than
are listed here. This is normal. You may ignore methods you see that are not listed here.
InputAny
Parameters: basename, channel, terminal, line, position, prompt, shifted, timestamped
Function: This instructs the terminal attached to client basename on channel to display the prompt
at line and position and wait for data to be entered from either terminal keypad or
scanner. If shifted is set to "true", the terminal will start in shifted mode. Timestamped
appends a (hhmmss) prefix to the returned data.
InputKeyBd
Parameters: basename, channel, terminal, line, position, prompt, shifted, timestamped
Function: This instructs the terminal attached to client basename on channel to display the prompt
at line and position and wait for data to be entered from the terminal keypad only. If
shifted is set to "true", the terminal will start in shifted mode. Timestamped appends a
(hhmmss) prefix to the returned data.
InputScanner
Parameters: basename, channel, terminal, line, position, prompt, allowbreakout, timestamped
Function: This instructs the terminal attached to client basename on channel to display the prompt
at line and position and wait for data to be entered from the terminal scanner only.
Setting allowbreakout to true allow user to "breakout" of scanner only mode by pressing
the end key on the terminal. A termID+CR will be sent to the host.
InputYesNo
Parameters: basename, channel, terminal, line, position, prompt
Function: This instructs the terminal attached to client basename on channel to display the prompt
at line and position and wait for a Yes (Enter key or C key) or a No (0 key or B key)
from the terminal keypad.
Note: C and B keys are used to facilitate keypad entry while scanning with the
integrated laser.
InputPassword
Parameters: basename, channel, terminal, line, position, prompt, shifted
Function: This instructs the terminal attached to client basename on channel to display the prompt
at line and position and wait for data to be entered from the terminal keypad only. The
entered data is not displayed on the terminal.
InputSerial
Parameters: basename, channel, terminal, line, position, prompt
Function: This instructs the terminal attached to client basename on channel to display the prompt
at line and position and wait for data to be received through the terminal serial port.
Waiting for serial input can be bypassed by pressing the enter key on the terminal which
will send an empty data string to the host (fires the OnTermData event handler).
OutputSerial
Parameters: basename, channel, terminal, data
Function: This instructs the terminal attached to client basename on channel to send data to the
terminal’s serial port. Data must be less than 231 characters in length for each call to
OutputSerial.
SendDisplay
Parameters: basename, channel, terminal, line, position, prompt
Function: This instructs the terminal attached to client basename on channel to display the prompt
at line and position. Must be followed by an "Input" method call to take effect.
ClearScreen
Parameters: basename, channel, terminal
Function: This instructs the terminal attached to client basename on channel to clear its display.
Must be followed by an "Input" method call to take effect.
ClearLine
Parameters: basename, channel, terminal, line
Function: This instructs the terminal attached to client basename on channel to clear the specified
line on its display. Must be followed by an "Input" method call to take effect.
SendDate
Parameters: basename, channel, terminal, line
Function: This instructs the terminal attached to client basename on channel to display date and
time on the specified line number. Must be followed by an "Input" method call to take
effect.
Beep
Parameters: basename, channel, terminal, count
Function: This instructs the terminal attached to client basename on channel to beep count times.
Count may be a value from 1 to 9. Must be followed by an "Input" method call to take
effect.
PlayVoice
Parameters: basename, channel, terminal, msgnum
Function: This instructs the terminal attached to client basename on channel to play voice
message number msgnum. Msgnum may be a value from 1 to 99. Must be followed by
an "Input" method call to take effect.
ReInit
Parameters: basename, channel, terminal
Function: This instructs the terminal attached to client basename on channel to re-initialize. Must
be followed by an "Input" method call to take effect.
NOTE: Base Stations use the message "Buffer Reinitialized..." to indicate a single
terminal re-initialization.
ReInitAll
Parameters: basename, channel
Function: This instructs all terminals attached to client basename on channel to re-initialize.
TestClient
Parameters: none
Function: This instructs the Server to "ping" all attached clients. Results are recorded in the log.
Events - TCP/IP COM
WDIPterm events occur when a specific condition is met. When an event is "fired", an event handler
function in your application is called.
Though the details of exactly how it is done varies from one programming environment to the next, the
source code skeletons for the various event handlers are automatically generated and inserted into your
source code for you. See the samples for more specific information.
Each event passes relevant information to your event handler function. OnTermData passes the data that was
keyed or scanned into the terminal.
Terminal ID is always passed as 0-63. A terminal ID value of 99 is used as a placeholder for logging
purposes.
Once you have the event handler skeletons, you can proceed to add whatever functionality you desire to
each event.
You must set the ServerOn property to true before any events can be fired.
OnTermBaseRegister
Data passed:basename, channel
Event:
A base station on client basename has successfully powered up on channel and
communicated with the host computer via the serial connection.
OnTermSignIn6
Data passed:basename, channel, terminal
Event:
A six-line terminal has signed in on channel at client basename. Terminal ID is passed
in terminal.
OnTermSignIn4
Data passed:basename, channel, terminal
Event:
A four-line terminal has signed in on channel at client basename. Terminal ID is passed
in terminal.
OnTermSignOut
Data passed:basename, channel, terminal
Event:
A terminal has signed out on channel at client basename. Terminal ID is passed in
terminal.
OnTermData
Data passed:basename, channel, terminal, data
Event:
A terminal on channel at client basename has sent data in response to an Input method
call.
OnTermNotSignedIn
Data passed:basename, channel, terminal
Event:
A command has been sent to a terminal that is not signed in.
OnTermSequenceError
Data passed:basename, channel, terminal
Event:
The one-for-one host prompt/terminal response protocol has been violated. The host cannot
send a second Input command until it has received a response from the first Input command. If
a base station receives 5 sequence errors in a row, a Host Logic error is generated and the base
shuts itself down.
While PromptNET/ActiveX will intercept and prevent most logic errors, they
are still possible so you should implement this event handler!
OnTermIllegalCommand
Data passed:basename, channel, terminal
Event:
An illegal command has been sent to a terminal.
PromptNET/ActiveX is designed to prevent illegal commands but we may not
have imagined all the ways in which our customers will want to use it!
OnTermUpArrow
Data passed:basename, channel, terminal
Event:
The up-arrow button has been pressed on a terminal. You must issue another Input
method call before WDIPterm can respond to another keypress on this terminal.
OnTermDownArrow
Data passed:basename, channel, terminal
Event:
The down-arrow button has been pressed on a terminal. You must issue another Input
method call before WDIPterm can respond to another keypress on this terminal.
OnTermLeftArrow
Data passed:basename, channel, terminal
Event:
The left-arrow button has been pressed on a terminal. You must issue another Input
method call before WDIPterm can respond to another keypress on this terminal.
OnTermRightArrow
Data passed:basename, channel, terminal
Event:
The right-arrow button has been pressed on a terminal. You must issue another Input
method call before WDIPterm can respond to another keypress on this terminal.
OnTermBeginKey
Data passed:basename, channel, terminal
Event:
The BEGIN button has been pressed on a terminal. You must issue another Input
method call before WDIPterm can respond to another keypress on this terminal.
OnTermEndKey
Data passed:basename, channel, terminal
Event:
The END button has been pressed on a terminal. You must issue another Input method
call before WDIPterm can respond to another keypress on this terminal.
OnTermSearchKey
Data passed:basename, channel, terminal
Event:
The SEARCH button has been pressed on a terminal. You must issue another Input
method call before WDIPterm can respond to another keypress on this terminal.
Portable Printers
Cameo and QL 3 Common Information
Both of these printers are stocked by Worth Data for the convenience of our users who need portable
printing.
These printers do not require any special protocol; they do not require the “wake-up byte” as do other
printers. They do require a special cable that can be ordered from Worth Data (part #C12); cable pin-outs are
available in Appendix C: Cable Pin-outs.
Shipped with every Cameo or QL 3 printer ordered is a CD ROM with the Programmers Manual in PDF
format and a label design program – LabelVista. This program allows you to design the program and create
multiple format files that can be sent to the printer where they become resident in flash. Variable fields are
defined and can then be filled in by the program when in operation.
Keep in mind the following information when using these versatile printers:
• The printer turn on ("Wake-up") is accomplished by the RF Terminal toggling the DSR line on the
printer, so only the @S command and the data you are sending to the printer is needed.
• Once the RF Terminal has turned on the printer, it stays on until the host program turns it off using the
POWER OFF COMMAND "ESC(0x1b)`p'(0x70)" described in the Printing Systems Programming
Manual, or until the automatic shut-down takes place (2 minute default).
• The 231 character limit applies to your command string. See your Portable Printing Systems
Programming Manual for details on programming your printer.
Zebra Cameo Printer
The Zebra “Cameo ” Printers are portable direct thermal receipt printers, (not label printers – the QL 3
below prints labels). Bar codes can be printed on the receipts, but you can’t print labels.
One model of the Cameo printer is available with a magnetic stripe reader, allowing magnetic stripe input to
the RF Terminal using the @M (magstripe input) command.
The Cameo printer with magstripe input is capable of reading Track 1, Track 2 or Tracks 1&2. See your
Portable Printing Systems Programming Manual for the correct character string to send in the @M
command to turn on the magstripe reader. (see page 6-2 for details).
When the Terminal sends data to the host, it sends it in the following format:
RF Terminal ID + DATA + CR
Typically, the data is simply a string of characters, but in the instance of data coming from the magstripe
reader, there are some additional characters you need to be aware of. The magstripe reader sends its data in
the following formats:
Track 1:
T1: DATA
Track 2:
T2: DATA
Track 1&2: T1: DATAT2: DATA
So, when the RF Terminal transmits the data to the host, it will be in the following format:
RF Terminal ID + T1: DATA + CR
or
RF Terminal ID + T2: DATA + CR
or
RF Terminal ID +T1: DATA + T2: DATA + CR
For further information, see your Printing Systems Programming Manual on the CD ROM shipped with the
printer.
Zebra QL 3 Printer
The QL 3 Printer is used for label printing. It doesn’t have Magstripe input. The classic application is for
printing shelf labels during shelf price verification:
• The operator scans a shelf label.
• The Terminal transmits scanned data to the host computer.
• The host computer looks up the price, description, etc. and transmits the computer price back and sends
the necessary commands to the attached QL 3 printer to prints a new shelf label with the correct price.
• The terminal operator then peels off the label and applies it to the shelf.
Each printer is shipped with a no charge roll of thermal paper that can be used for development, including
determining the exact label size that best fits you needs and the capabilities of the printer.
We stock the 2” and 3” QL 3 printers with several label sizes immediately available including:
Part Number
E2L1
E2L2
E2L3
E2L4
E3L1
E3L2
Description
2"x1" Vinyl Shelf Adhesive Labels
2"x1.25" Paper Permanent Adhesive Labels
2”x2” Paper Permanent Adhesive Labels
2”x1.25” Vinyl Shelf Adhesive Labels
3"x1" Vinyl Shelf Adhesive Labels
3"x1.75" Paper Permanent Adhesive Labels
Price/Roll
$3.50
$2.50
$2.50
$3.00
$7.50
$5.00
Shelf adhesive labels are designed for ease of removal to facilitate replacement. Permanent adhesive labels
are designed to stick and stay stuck, making removal difficult without leaving a residue.
Voice Message Operations
The RF Terminal’s exclusive use of voice prompts allows you to overcome problems such as literacy, language
and lighting. With proper planning, voice prompting can enhance your RF Terminal application, making it faster
and simpler. Voice messages are recorded using a utility program included on the Utility CD-ROM and then
uploaded to the RF Terminal. Playback of a voice prompt is triggered by a prompt from the host computer.
Why Use Voice Messages and Prompts?
• Voice messages can be in any language.
• The operator does not have to be able to read to perform some jobs.
• The data collection process is faster because the operator does not have to continually look at the screen
for instructions. This is especially useful when you do not want or need to enter data from the keypad.
Scanning bar coded numbers from a Quantity BARPAD can make keying unnecessary.
Voice messages and prompts are a good way to keep the operator’s attention focused on the job at hand.
Audible error messages and warnings also help to limit mistakes and downtime.
Tips for Using Voice Prompts
Up to 99 voice messages can be recorded and stored in the RF Terminal. Here are some tips on making your
voice prompts user-friendly:
1. Short messages are preferable for prompts; most English prompts can be stated in ½ second. Instead
of saying, “Enter the Item Number,” say “Item”. The typical RF Terminal operator does not want to
hear long messages thousands of times. Error messages are typically longer because they are the
exception and need to provide more precise instruction to the user.
2. Record your voice prompts calmly. A frantic sounding voice can become irritating, especially
when heard repeatedly.
3. Speak clearly. Correct pronunciation will make the voice prompts easier to follow for all users. Use
common words that all users will understand.
4. Vary the tone of your voice for different prompts. Using a different tone of voice or even a different
voice for consecutive prompts or error messages will make it easier for the user to distinguish between
them.
5. Be sure to record error messages for all possible problems that the user may encounter during a
session. Once the operator becomes accustomed to listening to the voice prompts, it may become
easy to overlook a “display only” error message.
Assigning Error Messages
The RF Terminal comes from the factory with some voice prompts and error messages pre-recorded. You
can change any of these messages but keep in mind that the error conditions are hardware-related and that
the voice error messages they are linked to are fixed. For example, the “Low Batteries” message is located
at message #98. Whenever the RF Terminal detects very low batteries, it will play message #98, regardless
of what is recorded there. You could record “Happy Birthday” and the RF Terminal would broadcast it any
time it detected the low battery condition. To avoid confusion, try to keep the error messages somewhat
related to the error condition they represent.
Default Voice Messages
Here are the default messages and the numbers they are recorded under:
Message Recorded
Message #
Prompt
ITEM
QUANTITY
#01
#02
Error messages
LOW BATTERIES
TRANSMISSION FAILED
#98
#99
Troubleshooting
General Considerations
Site Test
The most basic tool for troubleshooting is the Site Test at 50 feet range. (See Chapter 4 for the details on
how to do a Site Test). If the Site Test fails at close range (50 feet), you have found the problem. The radio
on either the Base Station or the RF Terminal is defective. A Terminal may operate poorly at a distance of
less than 10 feet from the Base due to high transmitter power. Make sure to Site Test at least at 50 ft. range.
If you have multiple terminals and multiple Base Stations, after site test failure, you can determine if the
failure is with the Terminal or the Base by substitution. If you have only one Terminal and Base, you have
no way of knowing which has failed; you must call us and get an RMA for both units to be checked out at
the factory in Santa Cruz or in Ireland.
If the Site Test passes, there is nothing wrong with the radios.
Changing the Battery
For RF Terminals, the most frequent cause of problems is a low battery that has either been ignored or
undetected. The real test for the battery is to remove battery from a working unit and place it into a suspect
unit.
Most of the time the battery becomes the problem as a result of:
• The operator ignores the Low Batteries message and doesn’t finish up the transaction and immediately
charge the battery. If you turn the unit off and turn it on again, the battery may have had time to
“almost” recover. Unfortunately they will have so little reserve power that they will likely operate just
long enough to produce some very screwy behavior on the RF Terminal. Intermittent laser beams,
continuous beeping, a blank screen, etc. are just a few of the disastrous symptoms that can be exhibited.
Problems with a new installation:
“Waiting for Base to Acknowledge” is a normal message, generated when you first try to establish radio
contact. If your Terminal continues to generate this message and it ultimately results in a "Transmission
Failed" message, your radios are not communicating. Be sure they’re on the same channel and try again. If
you have multiple terminals, try another terminal. If the 2nd terminal also fails on the same channel, the base
station is bad. If the 2nd terminal passes the Site Test, the first terminal is bad.
If the Terminal displays the “Waiting on Host Prompt” message, the host program is not communicating with
the Base Station. There is no radio problem, because the Base Station has already acknowledged the Terminal’s
Sign In. The Terminal is waiting on the Host to tell it to do something. Try the demo program; if it works the
problem is your program.
If using the Active X program with XP, be sure "connection pooling" is disabled.
If the demo program fails, the problem is one of the following:
• The cable between the Base Station and host computer is bad. Try the test with extension cables
removed.
• The host COM port is bad or assigned to another device driver installed. Try another COM port or try
another computer.
• RARELY!!! The RS232 chip on the Base Station is bad.
Terminal Error Messages
Message
Meaning – Action Required
Relay n Cannot be
Heard by the Base
Notify Supervisor
The terminal has established contact with
Relay
Station x. Relay Station x has
attempted to communicate with the Base
Station through the 422 cabling with no
success. Cable is bad.
Transmission Failed To
Retry, Move Closer And
Press Enter
The terminal has tried 10 times to get its
message through to the Base Station
with no success. Could be result of bad
radio in base or terminal. Could be the
operator has gone out of range of the
base- if so, move closer and press any
key. Could also be that there are too
many terminals competing for radio time
on one base station.
One-Way is not allowed if the Base is
already in some other mode such as
Two-Way or Site Testing which was not
properly concluded. Also, if you are
SIGNed IN in One-Way mode and
someone else SIGNs IN in Two-Way
mode, the person in One-Way mode will
be kicked out of the system with this
message. Two-Way mode ALWAYS
supercedes all other modes.
Site Testing is not allowed if the Base is
already in some other mode such as
Two-Way or One-Way which was not
properly concluded. Also, Two-Way mode
ALWAYS supercedes other modes. If you
are Site Testing and someone SIGNs IN
in Two-Way mode, you will be kicked out
of the system with this error message.
The firmware has somehow been wiped
out – probably from an interrupted
firmware download. Press 1 to
Download Firmware or press 0 to power
off the terminal.
One Way Not Allowed
Base in Other Mode
Press <Enter> Key
Site Testing Not
Allowed, Base in Other
Mode Press <Enter>
Key
No Firmware Detected
1 – Download
Firmware
0 – Power off Terminal
Press 0 or 1 now_
Duplicated Terminal
ID, Notify Supervisor
Press Any Key to
Turn off Terminal
RED LED
GREEN LED
YELLOW LED
With one ID already SIGNed IN to the
host, a second terminal with the same ID
tried to SIGN IN. Every terminal requires
a unique ID for proper system operation.
The Pick processor cannot communicate.
Call for RMA.
Base operating as a Base (default
configuration)
Base operating as a Relay
Message
Meaning – Action Required
“Waiting for Base to
Acknowledge...?”
This is a normal message, generated when you
first establish radio contact. If you continue to get
this message and it results in a "Transmission
Failed" message, your Radios in Base and
Terminal are not communicating. Be sure they are
on same channel. They may need repair.
“Waiting on Host
Prompt”
Problem is between Host computer and Base
station. Check to see if host application is
running. Check serial parameters and eliminate
any extension cables. Run the Demo program. Try
another COM port or another computer.
“Base Station Shut
Down Due to Host
Logic Error, Cycle
Terminal Power”
Problem is in host program. Notify programmer!
If the Base Station receives 5 Sequence Errors in
a row, it transmits the message to all terminals
signed in and shuts down. Check your host
program for the sequence error before starting up
again. OR
If the Base Station receives 5 messages
addressed to a Terminal not Signed ON, it
transmits this message to the all terminals signed
in and shuts down.
You will have to cycle power on the Base Station
or you can send a command (*@EOT) form the
host and have the Terminal Sign On again to
continue. See Chapter 6, page 6-8 for more
information on Sequence Errors.
“ Base Reinitialized X
Cycle Power on RF
Terminal and Sign-on
again to Restart_”
Base Station has been reinitialized. If message
reads “Base Reinitialized P”, then reinitialization is
due to a power problem. If “Base Reinitialized H”
then the reinitialization was initiated by the host
program. Fix problem (cycle power on Base or reinitialize from host program).
“ Buffer Reinitialized
Cycle Power on RF
Terminal and Sign-on
again to Restart_”
The host program has reinitialized the buffer in the
Base Station for this terminal only. The Base is still
operational and ready for you to power off your
terminal, power on, and SIGN ON again. Other
terminals are not affected.
LOW BATTERY Finish, Finish the transaction you have started. The Press
Sign Off Charge
F1 to Sign Out. Then turn off the Terminal and
Battery
charge the battery. This is an early warning that
the battery is getting low and should be charged
soon.
CHARGE BATTERY
UNIT SHUT DOWN
The terminal will display this message for 20
seconds, sign out, and turn off.
The unit will not operate until the battery is
charged.
• Two or more terminals with the same ID can generate all kinds of strange messages including those
shaded above.
• Two bases on the same channel are big trouble.
Sometimes you get an error message and after checking, everything on the Base seems to be set OK. Drop
power on the suspect Base and try signing in again. If you get the same message, there is another Base
answering which should not be on the same channel.
Troubleshooting specific problems
I can’t communicate at all...
• First, check the communication link from the Base Station to the host. Use the following command to
test the transmission of data from host to Base and back again to the host:
• @@*Edataaaaaaaa<EOT>
• where dataaaaaaaa is any string of data, terminated by EOT. This string should be sent from the host to
the Base Station. If the data is received by the Base, it echoes it back to the host in the format:
• dataaaaaaaa<CR>
• where dataaaaaaaa is the data string from the original transmission, terminated by a CR (ASCII 13).
This test verifies communication in both directions (host to Base, Base to host).
• If the data isn’t echoed back, either your host COM port or the Base Station has a problem.
• Once you know the Base Station is communicating with the host correctly, compare the channel of the
Base Station with the channel of the Terminal. Use Site Testing to check the communication of the
Terminal to the Base and back. Make sure no other Terminals are in use, and go to Site Test mode on
the Terminal. You should get 96-100% on first try at greater than 10 feet. If you don’t, it’s a good
chance your radios need repair. Call Worth Data for an RMA.
• If you are using PICK or UNIX as your operating system, make sure the Base Station is set to
"XON/XOFF Sensitive".
My response time is poor...
• First, do Site Test 50 feet from the Station. If it's not 90+%, the Radio in the Terminal or the Base
Station is the problem.
• Second, run one of the demo programs. If the demo runs fast, it is your program that is slow.
• If you have good response time everywhere but on the outer fringe area you may need to relocate your
Base Station.
I'm not getting the distance I need...
To maximize range, the Base Station and Relay(s) should be located:
• At the center of the area of intended coverage, and
• As high as possible - mounted on the ceiling of a room with the antenna pointing downward works the
best. Sometimes just raising the Base Station to 12 feet will dramatically increase the distance,
especially in warehouses or grocery stores with tall shelving. A Base Station mounted on the wall with
the antenna parallel to the floor is the worst position.
• In an unobstructed outdoor area a range of 3.3 miles or greater “line-of-sight” is possible but indoor
“obstructed” range will be much less. Reflections and obstructions, depending on the density and
material, can reduce the range to a few hundred feet indoors. Far better than typical WiFi systems.
• To accurately determine the hardware required to cover a particular area, you should use the Site Test
mode built into the RF Terminal.
I can't communicate with the RS-232 port on my host CPU...
• This is one of the biggest problems called in. If you are not using our cables, check your cables first. If you
have an extension cable, remove it for testing. If you have an extension cable of 80 feet or more attached to a
Windows host, you need to be sure certain pins are not attached in the DB9 or DB25. See Appendix C; RF
Serial Pin-outs.
• If you are using the PICK or UNIX operating systems, be sure you have set the Base Station to be
"XON/XOFF Sensitive". You need to do this to prevent the XOFF code being sent as a "Base
Initialization" message.
• Windows 95,98,2000,ME, NT; COM port setup should also be changed to turn off XON/XOFF.
XON/XOFF is the default for Windows. You set these through the control panel, System, Device Manager,
Ports (COM & LPT), COM Port, Port Settings, Flow Control. Set Flow Control to None.
RF Terminal Problems
When laser is triggered, it cycles power by itself – 1st screen
When a voice message plays, it cycles power by itself –1st screen
When I turn it on, it just beeps continually.
When I turn it on, the screen flashes continually.
• If the battery is very low, when turned on, the Terminal will just keep beeping; it is cycling power, over
and over because the batteries are too low.
• If the batteries are at a specific low point, the laser triggering or playing a voice message will be just
enough extra power draw to force the terminal to cycle power.
• Charge your Terminal for at least an hour and try again.
I get 6 beeps when the RF Terminal powers up...
• The unit needs repair. Call Worth Data for an RMA.
Problems reading Bar Codes
The reader won't beep when I try to read bar codes...
• Try reading a known good bar code - try the 1 on the Setup Menu bar pad table. Follow the steps for
proper scanning technique discussed in Appendix M; How to scan a bar code.
• Make sure the reader is configured to read the type of bar code you are trying to scan. Most bar code types
are disabled by default and need to be enabled using the Setup Menu or keypad while in Setup Mode.
I get extra characters at the beginning or end of my bar code data...
• Clear the Preamble and Postamble settings.
I have very poor read rates when scanning bar codes...
• Carefully follow the scanning instructions in Appendix M; How to scan a bar code when reading any and
all bar codes. As straightforward as scanning may seem, many people who call with a complaint about poor
read rates simply aren't doing it right.
• Try reading the following bar code below as an example of a known “good” bar code. This bar code is a
Code 39 bar code and is readable by the RF Terminal set to its default settings.
• Make sure your bar codes have clearly defined dark bars and clean white spaces. If the bars are so light
that they are gray instead of black or are so dark that they “bleed” into the white spaces, the printing of
the bar codes is the problem. Whoever is printing the bar codes needs to make the necessary
corrections.
• The bar code should also have a “quiet zone” of at least ¼” to the left of the first bar and to the right of
the last bar. Make sure the beam covers the bar code completely and “overscans” a bit on each end.
• Check the laser beam window at the top of the unit and make sure it's not dirty or scratched.
If you have a problem…
• If you have a problem with your RF System, consult the troubleshooting section of this manual
FIRST. As a last resort before calling for an RMA, you can perform a diagnostic reset on your terminal.
This resets everything back to the factory defaults, so be prepared to remake any setup changes (i.e.
Terminal ID) you had made prior to the reset.
• At the SIGN ON prompt, press the F1 key and release it.
• then press the SHIFT key and release it.
• press the D key and release (you will now see a menu)
• press the K key and release.
• If you cannot find the answer here, or the diagnostic reset does not work, call your Dealer or Worth Data
for help.
• Save the shipping box. If you ever need to send the RF Terminal or any of its’ parts back for repair, use
this box.
• Before you call your dealer or Worth Data for technical support, have your RF Terminal and related
equipment in front of you and be prepared to explain your problem in detail to the Technical
Support Engineer.
• The Engineer may ask you to go through some troubleshooting procedures while on the telephone. This
will help them determine what is wrong and what the course of action should be. Many problems can
be resolved over the telephone and will not require that you return the equipment to us. If you do
need to return any of the RF equipment to Worth Data, the Engineer will issue an RMA number.
• If you do need to return the RF Terminal for ANY reason, you MUST have an RMA number first.
Write the RMA number on the outside of the original shipping box and make sure to insure the
shipment. All RMAs should be shipped back to the following address unless directed otherwise:
RMA #XXXXXX
Worth Data Inc.
623 Swift St.
Santa Cruz, CA 95060
831-458-9938
Channel and Jumper Changes
Opening a Base
As preparation for changing the Channel on a Base Station or changing the Base to operate as a Relay, the
case must be opened to expose the circuit board with the switches and jumpers. Be sure you disconnect
power before opening the case.
Turn your Base Station upside-down, and unscrew its single phillips head screw. If you don't completely
remove the screw, you can use it as a lever to pull up on the cover.
Otherwise, insert a fingernail, credit card edge or small screwdriver blade into the gap between the Base and
side of the case, and gently use it as a lever to lift up the edge of the Base. Then grasp the edge of the Base
and open it outward like a door.
Changing a Base to a Relay
Moving the jumpers to any of the Relay positions causes the Base Station to operate as a Relay. A Base
station blinks green on power up; a Relay blinks yellow on power up.
RS-422 Termination Jumpers
Refer to the circuit board diagram on page A-1 for details.
The Base can be jumpered to be 422 terminated or not terminated. By default, all Base stations are shipped
as terminated. Use the following guidelines to change the termination for your system:
• If the Base has multiple strings of relays radiating from it, the Base would not be terminated.
• If the Base is first in a string, (not in the middle or end of a string), set the 422 jumpers to Base w/RS422 termination.
• The last Relay in each string should have its jumpers set as a Relay w/RS-422 termination.
Channel Changes
To determine the current channel of a Base Station , power up the Base and watch the LED light on the
front of the unit. On power UP, a Base LED will blink "channel +3" times. For example, a unit that blinks 5
times on power up is operating on channel 2. Channel 0 blinks 3 times, channel 5 blinks 8 times.
Changing the Channel on a Base/Relay
The Base Station and its related Relays must have their channel set to the same channel as the R/F Terminals
in their network. The channel is set on a Base or Relay by turning a rotary switch to the setting 0-5 (6
different channels to choose from). Use a very small flat head screwdriver to turn the switch to the desired
number. See the circuit board diagram on page A-1 for location of the rotary switch.
Setting the Relay ID
Each Relay must also have a unique ID, which is set by the RF Terminal Serial Configuration Utility.
Adding Relays
Connecting a Relay Station
How it works…
A Relay station allows you to extend the area of your R/F coverage. Relays are connected by cable to the
Base station, acting as a remote antenna. More than one Relay can be added by “multi-dropping” additional
Relays. Using a Relay requires changing the setup on the Base station in addition to added cabling. The
diagram below shows how Relays are added:
Although Relays will extend your R/F range, they do slightly slow down your response time. If response
time is your problem, Relays may help only if the problem occurs on the outer limits of your range. Use
Site Testing to help you determine if adding a Relay will help. If you are considering Relays, read Chapter
4; Performance Issues first.
If adding only one Relay, the cabling should run between the unlabeled port on the Base station and the
unlabeled port on the Relay. In this example, both the Base Station and Relay should have jumpers set to
“terminated”.
To add additional Relays, you must “multi-drop” them off a single bus line running from the unlabeled port on
the Base station. See the section below for cabling requirements and pin-outs. It is very important to follow the
pin-out directions carefully and to use the suggested cable type. The majority of problems we see are the result
of incorrect wiring.
Each Relay requires it’s own power supply. There is no serial parameter setup required on a Relay as it is
transmitting only to the Base station and not directly to a serial port.
Routing the Wiring
The below diagram illustrates the RIGHT way to route your wiring and which units should be terminated.
Notice this is the classical bus interface where the Base and Relays are connected to a “one-cable bus”. The
bottom of the Y-Cables is connected into the unterminated base or relay(s). Notices that the two end units
are terminated; the units in the middle are unterminated, including the Base in this example. Keep in mind
that the maximum total cable length from end-to-end is 4000' for good quality twisted pair wire.
Correct Routing for Wiring
The next diagram illustrates the WRONG way to route your wiring and use the Y-cables. Sometimes people try
to route everything through a panel or wiring closet – this will not work properly; it will generate excessive data
noise and drag down the responsiveness of the Base and application. (With too much noise, the Base will stop
working and issue a “Base Station Reinitalized” message to the terminals. If used, such a radial interface as
below might appear to work most of the time, but it would be very sluggish and crash several times per day.
Terminating or not terminating will be of no help. Do Not cable as shown below:
Incorrect Routing for Wiring
Relay Station RS422 Pin-outs
The R/F Relay Stations are connected by twisted pair wire -- use Belden 1227A1, Cat 5 wire, or
equivalent. The Unlabeled Port on the Base Station and the Unlabeled Port on the Relay Station are
connected with a straight cable using the following pin-outs:
Base Connector
Receive Data +
Receive Data Transmit Data +
Transmit Data -
Pin #
5
6
2
3
Relay Connector
Transmit Data +
Transmit Data Receive Data +
Receive Data -
Make a cable with 5-5, 6-6, 2-2, and 3-3 (a straight cable); but, be careful that you select wires so that the 2
wire is in the twisted pair with the 3 wire, and the 5 wire is in the twisted pair with the 6 wire. Do not use
pre-terminated Ethernet cables since the pairing is different.
For all RJ Cable pin numbers, number from left to right with the metal pin side of the connector facing you and
the cable running to the down position
Relay Test Plan and Failures
Relay Failure
Relay Station failures are often cable-related. If a Terminal puts out a “Who Can Hear Me?” message and a
Relay that is for some reason not connected to the Base Station (bad cable, cut cable, broken connectors)
hears it, it answers with the message:
Relay n Cannot Be
Heard by the Base
Notify Supervisor
Press Any Key
At this point, it is up to the operator to notify someone that the Relay is not communicating with the Base
and to check the cabling first. There is no message sent to the host, so it is very important that the operator
that receives this message notify someone immediately.
Because relay cabling is often troublesome, we supply a test cable for isolating the user-made cable from the
process. This test cable is so short that it doesn’t follow the rules of twists on the previous page – it is just a
Ethernet patch cable for node, but adequate for testing the relay.
HINT: Use the suggested wire type, and if you’re doing your own crimping, be sure to use the expensive metal
crimpers ($100) and not the cheap plastic crimpers ($15). Get someone familiar with making network (Ethernet)
cables, but be sure to tell them not to use the Ethernet pin outs for the Relay Stations, (it has been tried more
than once!).
Testing the Relay
To test communication with a Relay, first check out the radio by doing a Site Test on the offending Relay
with all other Relays and Bases OFF. To check if a Relay is working with a Base Station, set the Base to a
different channel than the Relay and set the Terminal channel to match the Relay channel. Then cableconnect the Relay to the Base (unlabeled port to unlabeled port.
Start your application on the host or use one of our demo programs provided with the Terminal (it’s a good
way to test) - it takes 10 or more seconds for the Terminal to switch to the Relay. The delay is a result of the
Terminal having to put out a "who can hear me" message when it doesn't get a response from the Base
Station. The Relay responds to the Terminals "who can hear me" message and communication is established
through the Relay. You will notice slightly slower throughput when working through the Relay.
Relay ID and Channel…
Relays should be set to the same channel as the Base station and R/F Terminals that you will be using in your
system. Determining the current channel is the same as on the Base station; power up the Relay and count the
number of times the LED flashes (channel + 3). The default setting is channel 0 (3 flashes). Each Relay also
requires a unique Relay ID; the default ID is 0. A Relay will blink yellow; a Base blinks green.
Changing a Relay back to a Base
You can convert the Relay back to a Base Station by setting the Base/Relay jumper to the Base position. You
can check the outcome by simply powering up the unit - a Base blinks green; a Relay blinks yellow.
Changing the Channel on a Relay
The Relay must have their channel set to the same channel as the R/F Terminals in their network. The
channel is set on a Relay by turning a rotary switch to the setting 0-5. Use a very small flat head
screwdriver to turn the switch to the desired number.
Setting the Relay ID
If you only have one relay, there is no need to set the Relay ID which is shipped default as relay 1. If you
need to change it or you have multiple relays, it must be changed using the RF 700 Base Serial
Configuration Utility.
RS-422 Termination
When adding Relays to a system, the last Relay(s) in the line(s) must be terminated. By default, all Base
stations are shipped as terminated. Use the following guidelines to change the termination for your system:
Refer to the circuit board diagram on the previous page for details.
• If the Base has multiple strings of relays radiating from it, the Base would not be terminated but each
Relay would.
• If the Base is first in a string, (not in the middle or end of a string), set the 422 jumpers to Base w/RS422 termination.
• The last Relay in each string should have its jumpers set as a Relay w/RS-422 termination. Any Relay
that is not the last relay in the string would not be terminated.
•
Relay Station failures are often cable-related. If a Terminal puts out a “Who Can Hear Me?” message
and a Relay that is for some reason not connected to the Base Station (bad cable, cut cable, broken
connectors) hears it, it answers with the message:
Relay n Cannot Be
Heard by the Base
Notify Supervisor
Press Any Key
At this point, it is up to the operator to notify someone that the Relay is not communicating with the Base
and to check the cabling first. There is no message sent to the host, so it is very important that the operator
that receives this message notify someone immediately.R/F Serial Pin-outs.
R/F Serial Pin-outs
Base Station to Host Pin-outs
The Base Station is connected to a PC with one of the following cables:
F34 DB25 Null Modem Cable
These are the pin-outs for Cable F34, a DB25 Female to 8 pin modular RJ45 with pins 2 and 3 crossed, used
for a Base connected directly to a 25 pin male host serial port.
Mod 8 RJ45
1
2
3
4
Function
Frame Ground
Transmit Data
Receive Data
Signal Ground
DB25 Female
1
3
2
7
F34 Null Modem Cable
Modular Pins 5-8 are connected to DB25 pins 5,6,8,4 but not used by the R/F Base.
If you are planning to use a serial extension cable of 80 feet or more, you need to open the DB25 shell of
our cable and be sure that only pins 1,3,2, and 7 are connected. All others should be cut. This is necessary to
keep Windows from following noise transitions as handshaking transitions that can severely degrade the
application or even crash Windows.
F36 DB9 Straight Cable
These are the pin-outs for Cable F36, a DB9 Female to 8 pin modular RJ45. This cable is used to connect
the Base to a 9 pin Male host serial port.
Mod 8 RJ45
1
2
3
4
Function
Shell
(chassis ground)
Transmit Data
Receive Data
Signal Ground
DB 9 Female
Shell
2
3
5
F36 9 pin cable
If you plan on building your own extension cables, you must use well shielded cable and you cannot use
twisted -pair cable. You can order custom length RS-232 extension cables from Global Computer Supplies ph. 800-845-6225, part number ZCC4912X. Many other companies sell 10 ft., 25 ft., and 50 ft. DB9
Extension Cables including Radio Shack.
For all RJ Cable pin numbers, number from left
facing you and the cable running to the down
to right with the metal pin side of the connector
position
Relay Station RS422 Pin-outs
The R/F Relay Stations are connected by twisted pair wire -- use Belden 1227A1, Cat 5 wire or equivalent.
The Relay Port on the Base Station and the Relay Port on the Relay Station are connected with a straight
cable using the following pin-outs:
Base Connector
Receive Data +
Receive Data Transmit Data +
Transmit Data -
Pin #
5
6
2
3
Relay Connector
Transmit Data +
Transmit Data Receive Data +
Receive Data -
Make a cable with 5-5, 6-6, 2-2, and 3-3 (a straight cable); but, be careful that you select wires so that the 2
wire is in the twisted pair with the 3 wire, and the 5 wire is in the twisted pair with the 6 wire.
For all RJ Cable pin numbers, number from left to right with the metal pin side of the connector facing you
and the cable running to the down position.
Firmware Upgrades
Occasionally it is necessary to get firmware fixes for problems discovered with the R/F Terminal System.
R/F Terminal Firmware Upgrades
The R/F Terminal firmware can be upgraded by downloading new firmware into the R/F Terminal from
your computer.
Normal Firmware Download for a Terminal
The RF Terminal firmware can also be upgraded by downloading a file with the current firmware into the
RF Terminal's flash EPROM using the RF Terminal EPROM Loader Windows program found on the RF
Terminal Utilities Disk.
If you have received a disk with the latest firmware or have downloaded the firmware from our website,
www.barcodehq.com, download the firmware into the RF Terminal by following the instructions on the
screens of the program for a normal Terminal firmware update.
Failsafe Firmware Download for a Terminal
If the firmware gets completely wiped out, you will get a blank screen or a blank screen with a cursor in the
upper left. There is a failsafe download still possible, but you will need to open up the RF Terminal case and
move a switch to the FDL position as shown below.
After moving the switch, reassemble the case, plug the power into the RF Terminal, and connect the serial
Cable to the host computer and proceed to download firmware using the 7000 RF Terminal EPROM Loader
program. Specify a failsafe terminal firmware update and follow the program's directions.
Base Station Firmware upgrades
You can download the latest firmware for the B5001 Base Station from our website www.barcodehq.com.
Go to the downloads page and select the B5001 Base Station.
• After unplugging the power supply, remove the cover to the Base Station (see Appendix A for diagrams
and details)
• Move JP4 to the FDL setting as show below:
• Now apply power to the board, and plug the serial cable into the serial port of the board.
• Now run the 7000 RF Terminal EPROM Loader Program. Specify base firmware and follow the
directions of the program.
Code 39 Specifications
Code 39 (or Code 3 of 9) is the de facto standard of non-retail American industry. It is widely used in the
automotive industry (AIAG specifications) as well as in government and military applications (LOGMARS
specifi-cations). Code 39 is flexible, features a large character set, variable data length and density, and bidirectional readability. Code 39 is extremely accurate; substitution errors are almost nonexistent. Its
character set consists of numbers 0 through 9, upper case A-Z, and characters Space, $, %. / + and -.
The name "Code 39" comes from both the fact that its character set originally contained
39 characters (it now has 43) and from its structure. Each character is formed of three
wide and six narrow elements, made up of five bars and four spaces. Code 39's density
*C39*
can vary from a low of .75 characters per inch (cpi) to a high of 9.4 cpi. There should be a ¼" "quiet zone"
(white space) to the left and right of the bar code.
Code 39 uses an asterisk (*) as a start and stop character. This character must precede and follow the data in
the bar code. The RF Terminal gives you the option of transmitting or not transmitting these characters
when the bar code is read.
Exact specifications for Code 39 and other bar code symbologies can be obtained from ANSI at the address
below:
American National Standards Institute
Customer Service
11 West 42nd St.
New York, NY 10036
http://web.ansi.org
document ANSI/AIM BC1-1995
Code 39 has several advanced features and functions that are discussed further in this appendix.
Code 39 Advanced Features and Functions
Mod 43 Check Character
Standard Code 39 can be printed with a "Mod 43 Check Character". This Mod 43 check character cannot
be used with Full ASCII Code 39. Assigning a value to each character in the data to be bar coded from the
table as follows derives the check character:
Char
value
Char
value
Char
value
Char
value
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
A
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
M
N
O
P
Q
R
S
T
U
V
W
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
X
Y
Z
.
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
space
$
/
+
%
Mod 43 Check character calculation for Code 39
Here is an example to illustrate how the check character is calculated for bar code data of 123XYZ:
Take the sum of the values assigned to each character:
1 + 2 + 3 + 33 + 34 + 35 = 108
1 2 3
X Y
Z
Divide the sum by 43: (thus the name modulus 43)
108/43 = 2 with a Remainder of 22
Find the character corresponding with the remainder.
M (value 22) is the CHECK CHARACTER
The data becomes 123XYZM, with M added as the Mod-43 check character.
Full ASCII Extension to Code 39
"Full-ASCII Code 39" expands the Code 39 character set to include all 128 ASCII characters. Symbols 0-9,
A-Z and punctuation characters and are identical to their Code 39 representations. Lower-case letters,
additional punctuation characters, and control characters are represented by sequences of two Code 39
characters.
This table depicts the Full ASCII character set as a function of Code 39 characters:
ASCII
Code 39
ASCII
Code 39
ASCII
Code 39
ASCII
Code 39
NUL
SOH
STX
ETX
EOT
ENQ
ACK
BEL
BS
HT
LF
VT
FF
CR*
SO
SI
DLE
DC1
DC2
DC3
DC4
NAK
SYN
ETB
CAN
EM
SUB
ESC
FS
GS
RS
US
%U
$A
$B
$C
$D
$E
$F
$G
$H
$I
$J
$K
$L
$M
$N
$O
$P
$Q
$R
$S
$T
$U
$V
$W
$X
$Y
$Z
%A
%B
%C
%D
%E
SP
!
“
#
$
%
&
‘
(
)
*
+
,
.
/
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
:
;
<
=
>
?
Space
/A
/B
/C
/D
/E
/F
/G
/H
/I
/J
/K
/L
- or /M
. or /N
/O
0 or /P
1 or /Q
2 or /R
3 or /S
4 or /T
5 or /U
6 or /V
7 or /W
8 or /X
9 or /Y
/Z
%F
%G
%H
%I
%J
@
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
M
N
O
P
Q
R
S
T
U
V
W
X
Y
Z
[
\
]
^
_
%V
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
M
N
O
P
Q
R
S
T
U
V
W
X
Y
Z
%K
%L
%M
%N
%O
‘
a
b
c
d
e
f
g
h
i
j
k
l
m
n
o
p
q
r
s
t
u
v
w
x
y
z
{
|
}
~
DEL
%W
+A
+B
+C
+D
+E
+F
+G
+H
+I
+J
+K
+L
+M
+N
+O
+P
+Q
+R
+S
+T
+U
+V
+W
+X
+Y
+Z
%P
%Q
%R
%S
%T, %X
Full ASCII Table
Accumulate Mode
Accumulate Mode is an option allowing the RF Terminal to accumulate multiple bar codes in its buffer, then
transmit them to the computer as if they had been a single bar code. This is useful for entering quantities and
other variable data.
Accumulate Mode works with Code 39, Code 93 and Code 128 only and can't be used with a check digit.
When the RF Terminal reads a bar code with a space as the first character, it beeps and buffers the data
without transmission. It continues to read and buffer bar codes (up to 40 characters) until it reads a bar code
without a leading space. Once it reads this last bar code, the entire buffer (including that last code) is
transmitted as one long bar code. A “double-minus” sign (--) bar code clears the buffer. The ENTER code
on this Barpad is a Code 39 Start/Stop Character only.
Accumulate Mode must be turned on using the bar coded Setup Menu or by using the keypad. Accumulate
Mode is located in the Code 39 parameters. Choose 4 to Enable or 5 to Disable this feature.
This numeric Code 39 "Barpad" illustrates ACCUMULATE Mode. Scan 5, 3, 8, and Enter. The RF
Terminal transmits a single message of “538”.
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
Clear
Enter
Code 93 Specifications
Code 93 is variable length, continuous, bi-directional, compact code. Code 93 is an alphanumeric bar code
which consists of 43 data characters (0-9,A-Z,$/+%.- and Space), 4 control characters, and a unique start/
stop character. The entire set of 128 ASCII characters is represented in Code 93 using combinations of
control characters and data characters.
,
, and
. Pairing these control characters with normal data
The control characters are ,
characters creates full ASCII 93. It is almost identical to the pairings for Code 39; Code 39 uses $M to
produce a Carriage Return (ASCII 13) character -- Code 93 uses
M to produce the Carriage Return.
Code 93's two built-in check digits greatly minimize the possibility of reader substitution errors. The bar
code reader never transmits digits the check digits. Code 93's Start and Stop characters are also never
transmitted.
If you have not decided which bar code type to use for your application and are considering using Code 93,
while we agree that Code 93 is an excellent code, we believe that Code 128 is generally preferable because:
• Code 93 does not have the numeric compression capability that 128 does, and
• Code 93 requires pairings to make all Full ASCII characters while 128 does not.
Codabar Specifications
Codabar is widely used in libraries, blood banks, the cotton industry and transportation
industries. Its' character set consists of numbers 0 through 9, and punctuation characters
+ . - / : and $. Symbols a, b, c, d, t, n, * and e are used as start and stop characters.
Characters are constructed of four bars and three spaces.
a12345b
Codabar is a numeric-only code, but different combinations of start and stop characters
can be used to identify different types of labels. Codabar's variable data length and extremely low error rate
make for a versatile bar code.
Codabar start/stop transmission
The Codabar section on the RF Terminal Setup Menu lets you determine whether Codabar start/stop
characters are transmitted or not. If you are varying start/stop characters with different types of labels,
you'll want to "Enable Stop/Start character Transmission". Start/stop character transmission can also be
helpful if you want your program to differentiate between data coming from the RF Terminal and data
coming from the keyboard. If neither of these situations apply, you'll probably want to disable it.
Code 128 Specifications
Code 128 is a very powerful bar code, combining an extensive character set and variable length with
compactness and error checking. The character set contains all 128 ASCII characters with each character
made up of three bars and three spaces. Each element (bar or space) varies from one to four units in width,
totaling 11 units of width per character. Code 128 contains two levels of error checking:
• Each character is checked for internal parity, and
• The last character is a checksum.
Code 128 has three subsets, A, B and C. Subset A contains alphanumeric characters and unprintable control
characters, subset B contains alphanumeric characters plus printable control characters and subset C
contains only numeric characters and uses a 2-character encoding scheme to create a more compact bar
code. Code 128 uses an internal Mod 103 check character that is not displayed by the bar
12345
code reader. Code 128 bar codes can be made up of only one subset or may be a
combination of several.
The Code 39 features of Accumulate Mode, Caps Lock ON and Caps lock OFF also apply to Code 128.
UCC-128/ EAN-128
UCC-128/EAN-128 Code is a subset of Code 128 adopted by the UCC and EAN council’s for use as a
shipping label symbology. UCC/EAN-128 bar codes always start with a Function Code 1 character. In
addition, a Function Code 1 character terminates all variable length fields unless they are the last field in the
bar code.
The RF Terminal outputs the following for the special function codes and start sequences:
]C1
^]
Start C/Function Code 1
(GS) Function Code 1 as a variable string terminator
If UCC/EAN 128 is enabled, the reader looks for the Start C/Function Code 1 to indicate a UCC/EAN 128
bar code.
The UCC Serial Shipping Container Code specification calls for a 19 digit UCC/EAN 128 code with an
additional Mod 10 Check digit (20 digits in all). The Mod 10 Check digit is calculated the same as the
Interleaved 2 of 5 example in Appendix D. It is the data length as well as the MOD 10 check digit that
distinguishes the UCC Serial Shipping Container Code from other UCC /EAN 128 bar codes.
Scanning the appropriate bar codes on the RF Terminal Setup Menu enables UCC/EAN 128; or you can use
the keypad in the PROGRAMMING MODE “Change Setup” option. If UCC/EAN 128 is enabled, you will
be able to read both standard Code 128 bar codes as well as the UCC/EAN 128 bar codes with the Function
1 character and the Mod 10 check character.
UCC-128 Shipping Container Code
If UCC/EAN-128 is enabled on the R/F Terminal reader, all Function 1 codes are transmitted as ]C1. In
addition, should you be reading a 20 digit Shipping Serial Container code, the Mod 10 check digit is also
compared with the computed Mod 10 value to give further assurance of no substitutions. The UCC/EAN128 Shipping Serial Container Code is a subset of UCC-128 or EAN-128 adopted for voluntary marking of
shipping boxes with the exact serial number of the box, (used with EDI typically to identify a specific boxes
contents. The code consists of the following format:
Start C
Function Code 1
2 Digit Qualifier
7 Digit Data Portion
1 Digit Mod 10 Check Digit*
1 Digit Modulus 103
Stop Code
not transmitted
transmitted
transmitted
transmitted
transmittednot transmitted
not transmitted
*Calculated using 19digits-UPC method
The UCC 128 specification is used extensively by the retail industry. If you have a requirement for a UCC
128 Serial Shipping Container bar code, be sure to follow the specification as closely as possible as many
vendors will impose fines for non-conformance. For more information on UCC 128, contact the Uniform
Code Council at:
Uniform Code Council, Inc.
7887 Washington Village Drive, Suite 300
Dayton, OH 45459
937-435-3870
937-435-7317
[email protected]
8:00 a.m. to 6 p.m. EST
Many of the specifications are available online at:
http://www.uc-council.org
Interleaved 2 of 5 Code Specifications
Interleaved 2 of 5 Code is a numeric-only, even-number-of-digits bar code. It is widely used in warehouse
and industrial applications. A combination of five elements, two wide and three narrow represent each
character. Odd-number position digits are encoded in the bars, even-number positions in the spaces.
Interleaved 2 of 5 Code is so susceptible to partial scans being interpreted as valid reads that we recommend
at least one of the following safeguards:
• Use one length of I 2 of 5 code. Using one length of data allows you to tell the RF Terminal to look for
one length of I 2 of 5 code only. By default, the RF Terminal is set to look for a 6 digit I 2 of 5 code but
you can set the length to something different using the RF Terminal Setup Menu. Setting the length to
00 digits allows variable length bar codes scanning. If you must use the 00 setting, we recommend that
you then use the “Minimum/Maximum” data length field when creating a program in the RF Terminal to
check each field for the proper length.
• Use a check digit. Worth Data's LabelRIGHT printing program automatically calculates and prints a
check digit upon request using the method below:
Interleaved 2 of 5 Mod 10 check digit calculation
• Assume that the bar code data is 1987.
• Starting with the least significant digit (in this case, a 7), label the digits alternatively even and odd.
7 – even
8 – odd
9 – even
1 – odd
• Take the sum of the odd digits:
8+1=9
• Multiply the sum of the even digits by 3:
(7 + 9) x 3 = 48
• Add the results of steps 3 and 4:
9 + 48 = 57
• Subtract the result of step 5 from the next highest multiple of 10:
60 - 57 = 3
• The checksum becomes the low-order digit:
19873
• Because the data now has an odd length, a leading zero is added, for the final result of
019873
UPC / EAN Specifications
UPC symbols are found on almost all grocery products and many other retail items.
The UPC code most people are familiar with (UPC-A) is a fixed-length (12 digits)
numeric only code, with the first digit controlled by UPC coding assignments and
the last digit a checksum. UPC-E and UPC-E1 are variations of the standard UPC-A
code. Each digit is constructed of two bars and two spaces. UPC has very precise
standards of code size, structure, and numbers to be used.
EAN is an international superset of UPC. EAN-13 has 13 digits, with the first two
digits representing a country code. The final digit is, as with UPC, a check digit.
EAN-8 is a shorter version on the EAN-13 code containing seven data digits and
ending again with a checksum.
The exact UPC/EAN symbol specifications are available from:
Uniform Code Council, Inc.
7887 Washington Village Drive, Suite 300
Dayton, OH 45459
937-435-3870
Specifications are also available via the internet at:
http://www.uc-council.org
Keep the following guidelines in mind when printing UPC bar codes:
• If you plan to use a "supermarket-type" in-counter scanner to read the codes, specify a bar code height of
at least .9" for an optimal first read rate.
• Make it an early practice to observe the numbering conventions of the UPC Council. Do not label
unmarked merchandise with a bar code whose numbers may conflict with those already assigned. If
products with these numbers are not in your store now, they are likely to be in the future, causing
conflicts in your inventory system.
• The leading Number System Character, (the first number of the 11 digits to be entered) should conform to
these UPC assignments:
0,6,7,8
Regular UPC 12 digit codes with numbers assignedby the UPC Council. (Do not
use 0 as the leading number for in-store marking).
2
Store-marked random weight items of meat and produce.
3
Reserved for National Drug Code and Health Related Items.
4
Use this leading digit for in-store marking of non-food items.
5
Reserved for coupons. Do not use this today, or you will not be able to process
coupons through your system tomorrow.
Supplemental codes
The UPC standards include the addition of a 2 or 5-character supplemental code as
well as the Extended Coupon Code. To read the supplements, you must first enable
them using the RF Terminal Setup Menu.
NOTE: Enabling the supplements disallows the reading of UPC codes from right to
left to assure that the 2 and 5 digit supplements are not get missed. Coupon codes can be read from right to
left or left to right.
ISBN Specifications
ISBN (International Standard Book Numbering) bar codes are essentially EAN-13 with a 5 digit supplement,
where the first 3 digits are the Bookland country codes of 978 for books and 977 for periodicals. Although the
bar code contains 18 characters, the ISBN format uses only 9 of them, along with a newly calculated Mod-11
check digit. For example, a bar code containing the numbers 978055337062153495 would transmit as
0553370626 in the ISBN format.
The RF Terminal has the option of transmitting in the ISBN format.
I S BN 0 - 553 - 37062
ISBN specifications are available from:
American National Standards Institute
Customer Service
11 West 42nd St.
New York, NY 10036
http://web.ansi.org
document ISO 2108:1992
The UPC/EAN checksum character
The last character in a UPC-A, UPC-E, UPC-E1, EAN-13 or EAN-8 bar code is the checksum. For
reference, these are the methods of calculation:
Checksum calculation for UPC-A, EAN-13 and EAN-8
Use Worth Data's phone number (it's not a real UPC-A code) as sample data:
18314589938
Assign even and odd positions, starting at the right and moving left:
8
3 9 9 8 5 4 1 3
odd





even
odd
even
odd
even
odd
even
odd
8
1
even
odd
Starting with the leading digit, 8, take the sum of all the characters in the odd positions.
8 + 9 +8 + 4 + 3 + 1 = 33
Multiply the result of step 1 by 3.
33 x 3 = 99
Now take the sum of all the even-position characters.
3 + 9 + 5 + 1 + 8 = 26
Add the result in Step 2 to the result in Step 3.
99 + 26 = 125
Subtract the result from the next higher multiple of 10.
Next higher multiple of 10 over 125 = 130
130 - 125 = 5
5 is the Modulo-10 check character. The data to be printed becomes:
183145899385.
This same formula is used for EAN-13 (using the 1-12 digits) and EAN-8 (using the 1-7 digits).
UPC-E Checksum Calculation
Use the sample data of 123456 to demonstrate the UPC-E checksum calculation:
 The 6 digit UPC-E code is converted to a 10-digit code, using an expansion scheme based on the
sixth digit:
If the code
ends in:
UPC-E Data
Insertion Digits
Insertion
Position
10 digit code
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
abcde0
abcde1
abcde2
abcde3
abcde4
abcde5
abcde6
abcde7
abcde8
abcde9
00000
10000
20000
00000
00000
0000
0000
0000
0000
0000
3
3
3
4
5
6
6
6
6
6
ab00000cde
ab10000cde
ab20000cde
abc00000de
abcd00000e
abcde00005
abcde00006
abcde00007
abcde00008
abcde00009
Because the sample UPC-E code ends in a 6, the insertion digits 0000 are inserted at the sixth digit (insertion
position 6):
1234500006
 Add the Number System Character of 0 to the sample data:
01234500006
 Use the UPC-A check digit calculation described in the previous section to produce a check digit
as if it were a UPC-A code. The check digit for the sample data is:
5
 The complete 8 digit code consists of the Number System Character, the original 6 digit code and
the check digit:
01234565
MSI/Plessey Specifications
Plessey is a variable length numeric only bar code. MSI Bar Code is a variable length, numeric-only code
with an automatically appended Modulus 10 check digit. MSI is sometimes called Modified Plessey Code.
If the user specifies an additional check digit, the MSI code can be 14 digits long, otherwise it has a
maximum length of 13 characters. This is how the MSI check digit(s) are calculated:
The MSI Mod 10 check digit is calculated as follows:
The example bar code data is:
82345
• Form a number from the odd positions, starting in the units position.
835
• Multiply the new number by 2
(835) x 2 = 1670
• Add the digits of product
1 + 6 + 7 + 0 = 14
• Add the even digits of the original number to the result in 3
2 + 4 + 14 = 20
• Subtract the result from the next highest multiple of 10
20 - 20 = 0
• New Check Digit
0
• Data with check digit is:
823450
The MSI Mod 11 check digit is calculated as follows:
The example bar code data is:
943457842
• Assign a checking factor to each number, starting with the units position of the number (in this example,
the 2) up to the highest order position (the 9). Use checking factors of:
2,3,4,5,6,7,2,3,4,5,6,7...
• Multiply the checking factor with its assigned number and add the products:
4 + 12 + 32 + 35 + 30 + 28 + 6 + 12 + 36 = 195
• Divide the sum by 11
195/11 = 17 remainder 8
• Subtract remainder from 11
11 - 8 = 3
• New Check Digit
3
(If the remainder is 10, no check digit is added.)
• Data with check digit is:
943457823
How to scan a bar code
The RF Terminal is available with an optional internal laser bar code scanner. This section will include
information on different scanners as well as how to use each one. You can use this information to compare
the built-in scanner with other types of bar code scanners that are also available from Worth Data.
Laser Scanners
If you are using a laser scanner, technique is not critical. The scanners are “point-and-shoot”; you can’t
miss. Upon triggering the beam, the laser scans the bar code multiple times (100 scans per second) until it
has a good read, at which point it automatically shuts off. These scanners are more expensive, but virtually
foolproof. They read from a distance, so they are much more convenient for distance shelf scanning or
scanning in tight spots. Different laser scanners have different distance capabilities. Table M-1 shows the
comparison of all the laser scanners available from Worth Data.
Table M-1. Scanner Comparison
Chart
6 mil = high density 40 mil = low
density 100 mil = very low density (with
paper and retro-reflective label stock)
Scanner
LZ150 Laser
LZ400 Laser
Integrated
Laser in
Terminal
PSC Long
Range
Hi Density
Code 39
UPC
100%
40 mil
Code 39
1” – 12”
3” – 44”
4" – 29"
Paper
100 mil
Code39
na
9” – 50”
10" – 32"
Retro-Reflective
100 mil Code
39
20” – 40”
18” – 9.5 ft.
18" – 6.5 ft.
0.5” – 4”
0.5” – 9”
1'" – 7"
0.5 - 7”
0 – 17”
0 – 10"
7” – 11”
7” - 31”
11” – 9 ft.
24” – 15 ft.
48” – 17 ft.
To scan a bar code using your laser scanner, (whether it be a handheld or integrated)
• put your RF Terminal in One-Way mode with the host computer program not running; or even unplug
the serial cable,
• point the laser scanner at the bar code at about 6” away.
• Pull the trigger (or push the button on an integrated model) and line up the beam on the bar code. If you
don’t get a read, vary the distance of the scanner from the bar code by pulling up or moving down. The
idea is to scan through the center of the bar code.
Laser Options
Several options are applicable to all laser scanners that are used with the RF Terminal. These options are: 1)
Longer timeout on the laser reading, and 2) Double decode required.
Longer Laser Reading: A temporary solution to problem bar codes is sometimes to increase the length of the
time the scanner attempts to read, from the default 2-second beam to a 4-second beam.
Double Decode: The default setting for the RF Terminal is one successful decode results in a “good read”.
If you are getting incorrect reads, (due to defective bar codes), a temporary solution is to turn on make the
RF Terminal perform two straight identical decodes before beeping, outputting data, and completing a
“good read” read.
There are two Setup Options that do not apply to the LZ300. The two options are:
• “Aiming Laser Dot” for a predetermined time before the laser beam expands into a “line” for reading.
• “Difficult Code 39 Reading” for reading Vehicle Identification Numbers (VIN) through the automobile
windshield. This applies only to the external tethered LZ400 Laser Scanner.
Aiming the Laser Dot:
Sometimes it is difficult to see the laser beam and know you are on the bar code, especially if you are
attempting to read outdoors in direct sunlight. The laser can be outputted as a brighter dot for a few
seconds, allowing the user to place the dot in the middle of the bar code; then the laser beam starts sweeping
for the read. As shipped, the laser beam never forms an aiming dot, but you can program a number of
seconds that you wish the aiming dot to appear before the sweeping beam by scanning the following:
"Difficult Code 39 Reading":
This setting facilitates reading of difficult Code 39 bar codes such as the Vehicle Identification Number
(VIN number) on automobiles, especially reading through a windshield. VIN numbers are long, often
weathered, often dirty, and challenging to read.
To enable the more aggressive Code 39 algorithms necessary to read windshield VINs change the Decode
Option to 1 or 2 in the Code 39 Options menu.
A clean windshield also makes reading bar codes easier.
ASCII Code Equivalent Table
The 128 ASCII codes, their 3-digit decimal equivalents and 2-digit hex equivalents are detailed in the below
table.
char
hex
3 digit
ASCII
char
hex
3 digit
ASCII
char
hex
3 digit
ASCII
char
hex
3 digit
ASCII
NUL
00
000
SP
20
032
@
40
064
‘
60
096
SOH
STX
01
02
001
002
!
"
21
22
033
034
A
B
41
42
065
066
a
b
61
62
097
098
ETX
EOT
03
04
003
004
#
$
23
24
035
036
C
D
43
44
067
068
c
d
63
64
099
100
ENQ
ACK
05
06
005
006
%
&
25
26
037
038
E
F
45
46
069
070
e
f
65
66
101
102
BEL
BS
07
08
007
008
'
(
27
28
039
040
G
H
47
48
071
072
g
h
67
68
103
104
HT
LF
09
0A
009
010
)
*
29
2A
041
042
I
J
49
4A
073
074
i
j
69
6A
105
106
VT
FF
0B
0C
011
012
+
,
2B
2C
043
044
K
L
4B
4C
075
076
k
l
6B
6C
107
108
CR
SO
0D
0E
013
014
.
2D
2E
045
046
M
N
4D
4E
077
078
m
n
6D
6E
109
110
SI
DLE
0F
10
015
016
/
0
2F
30
047
048
O
P
4F
50
079
080
o
p
6F
70
111
112
DC1
DC2
11
12
017
018
1
2
31
32
049
050
Q
R
51
52
081
082
q
r
71
72
113
114
DC3
DC4
13
14
019
020
3
4
33
34
051
052
S
T
53
54
083
084
s
t
73
74
115
116
NAK
SYN
15
16
021
022
5
6
35
36
053
054
U
V
55
56
085
086
u
v
75
76
117
118
ETB
CAN
17
18
023
024
7
8
37
38
055
056
W
X
57
58
087
088
w
x
77
78
119
120
EM
SUB
19
1A
025
026
9
:
39
3A
057
058
Y
Z
59
5A
089
090
y
z
79
7A
121
122
ESC
FS
1B
1C
027
028
;
<
3B
3C
059
060
[
\
5B
5C
091
092
{
|
7B
7C
123
124
GS
RS
1D
1E
029
030
=
>
3D
3E
061
062
]
^
5D
5E
093
094
}
~
7D
7E
125
126
US
1F
031
?
3F
063
_
5F
095
DEL
7F
127
Full ASCII Equivalent Table
While the new 7000 series RF Terminals are fully software compatible with the older 70 and 700 series
terminals, there are a few differences between them. The differences between this new generation of Worth
Data RF Terminals and the generation referred to within this manual are:
• 64 Terminals per Base Station instead of 16. Valid Terminal IDs are 0-9,A-Z,a-z, and – =.
• Valid Channels are 0-5.
• Base Station parameters, (Baud Rate, Parity, … Security Code) are not set through the Terminal, but
rather are set with a Windows program, the Series 5000 Base Station Serial Configuration Utility, which
is on the Utilities CD.
• The maximum number of characters that can be sent to a Base Station by a host program is 231 instead
of the old 247.
• Speaker and Headphone volume can be controlled by a change in the RF Terminal's Setup. Go to Setup
Mode, choose RF Terminal, and then choose Speaker.
• The 7000 series RF Terminal does not have a choice of battery types. It comes with a built-in Li-Ion
rechargeable battery. The 5000 series Base 5V power supply is now used to charge the battery on the
Terminal as well. A full charge cycle takes 2-3 hours.
• Voice prompts are now recorded on the PC and uploaded to the RF Terminal using a utility program
provided on the Utilities CD. Up to 100 voice prompts can be stored in the Terminal with a total time of
about 90 seconds.
There are other differences that are simply advantages:
•
Greater distance (2.5 miles vs. 3000 feet)
•
Longer battery life (12 hours instead of 10 hours)
•
Optional “gun” handle with secondary battery
•
Faster battery recharging (2-3 hours instead of 8 hours)
•
Color TFT display standard
•
Smaller and less weight
•
Faster transaction times
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