X-Micro Tech. Network Card IEEE 802.11b User manual

X-Micro Tech. Network Card IEEE 802.11b User manual
IEEE 802.11b
Wireless LAN PCMCIA Card
User Manual
IEEE 802.11b
User’s Manual
Version 1.1
Product Name: X-Micro WLAN 11b PCMCIA Card
Model Name: XWL-11BPRG
FCC Radiation Exposure Statement
This equipment complies with FCC radiation exposure limits set forth for an
uncontrolled environment.
This equipment should be installed and operated with minimum distance
20cm between the radiator & your body.
This transmitter must not be co-located or operating in conjunction with
any other antenna or transmitter.
The equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a
Class B Digital Device, pursuant to part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are
designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a
residential installation.
This equipment generates, uses and can radiate radio frequency energy
and, if not installed and used in accordance with the instruction, may cause
harmful interference to radio communication. However, there is no grantee
that interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment
dose cause harmful interference to radio or television reception, which can be
determined by turning the equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to try
to correct the interference by one or more of the following measures:
--Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
--Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.
--Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which
the receiver is connected.
--Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
Notice: The Part 15 radio device operates on a non-interference basis with
other devices operating at this frequency. Any changes or modification not
expressly approved by the party responsible could void the user’s authority to
operate the device.
X-Micro WLAN PCMCIA Card must be installed and used in strict accordance
with the manufacturer’s instructions. This device complies with the following
radio frequency and safety standards.
USA - Federal Communications Commission (FCC)
This device complies with Part 15 of FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the
following two conditions:
1. This device may not cause harmful interference.
2. This device must accept any interference that may cause undesired
Europe - R&TTE Directive
This device complies with the specifications listed below
• ETS 300-826 General EMC requirements for Radio equipment.
• ETS 300-328 Technical requirements for Radio equipment.
• EN60950 Safety Requirements for Radio equipment
The channel identifiers, channel center frequencies, and regulatory domains of
each 22-MHz-wide channel are shown in following Table.
2400-2483.5 MHz
< 100 mW EIRP
< 100 mW EIRP
2400-2454 MHz
< 100 mW EIRP
< 100 mW EIRP
2454-2483.5 MHz
< 100 mW EIRP
< 10 mW EIRP
2400-2483.5 MHz
< 100 mW EIRP
< 100 mW EIRP
2400-2483.5 MHz
< 100 mW EIRP
< 100 mW EIRP
2400-2483.5 MHz
< 100 mW EIRP
< 100 mW EIRP
2400-2483.5 MHz
< 100 mW EIRP
< 100 mW EIRP
2400-2483.5 MHz
< 100 mW EIRP
< 100 mW EIRP
2400-2483.5 MHz
< 100 mW EIRP
< 100 mW EIRP
2400-2483.5 MHz
< 100 mW EIRP
< 100 mW EIRP
2400-2483.5 MHz
< 100 mW EIRP
< 100 mW EIRP
2400-2483.5 MHz
<10 mW EIRP
<10 mW EIRP
2400-2483.5 MHz
< 100 mW EIRP
< 100 mW EIRP
2400-2483.5 MHz
< 100 mW EIRP
< 100 mW EIRP
2400-2483.5 MHz
< 100 mW EIRP
< 100 mW EIRP
2400-2483.5 MHz
< 100 mW EIRP
< 100 mW EIRP
2400-2483.5 MHz
< 100 mW EIRP
< 100 mW EIRP
2400-2483.5 MHz
< 100 mW EIRP
< 100 mW EIRP
2400-2483.5 MHz
< 100 mW EIRP
< 100 mW EIRP
2400-2483.5 MHz
< 100 mW EIRP
< 100 mW EIRP
2400-2483.5 MHz
< 100 mW EIRP
< 100 mW EIRP
1. INTRODUCTION …………………………………………………………. 5
2. Wireless LAN basics ……………………………………………………….. 6
3. Install Driver and Utility ……………………………………………………7
4. Configuration Utility…………………………………………………………. 8
4.1 Windows XP Wireless Network Connection Setting.
4.2 Other Connection Setting..
5. Technical Specifications of X-Micro WLAN PCMCIA Card .…………………… 12
6. Glossary ……………………………………………………………………… 13
1 Introduction
First of all, we deeply appreciated your purchasing X-Micro wireless LAN PCMCIA
Card. This powerful LAN card not only providing stable linking quality but also safe to
transmitting data. We supply several security authentication login to enhance your
safekeeping, as 802.1x and 802.11i standard.
This user manual will guide you to install X-Micro WLAN PCMCIA Card driver and
utility quickly!
Completely accordance with IEEE 802.11 and IEEE 802.11b standards
Ultra low power consumption in sleep mode
High throughput and long transmission range
128-pin LQFP, world's most compact size
Requires 50% fewer discrete components
Patented integrated Wireless LAN MAC and Direct Sequence Spread Spectrum
Baseband Processor in one chip
On-chip A/D and D/A converters for I/Q Data, AGC, and Adaptive Power Control
Multi-path Delay Spreads 250ns at 11Mbps
Supports Antenna Diversity
1 Mbps, 2 Mbps, 5.5 Mbps, and 11 Mbps operation
PCI local bus network interface controller
Compliant to PCI Revision 2.2
Supports ACPI, PCI power management
Supports CardBus. The CIS can be stored in a 93C56
Compliant to PC97, PC98, PC99 and PC2001 standards
Supports auxiliary power-on internal reset, to be ready for remote wake-up
when main power remains off.
Supports auxiliary power auto-detect, and sets the related capability of power
management registers in PCI configuration space
Supports Short Preamble option
Internal encryption/decryption engine executes IEEE 802.11 64-bit and 128-bit
3.3V and 1.8V power supplies needed and 5V tolerant I/Os
2 Wireless LAN basics
Wireless LAN network defined by IEEE 802.11b standard committee could be
Configure as: Ad Hoc wireless LAN or Infrastructure wireless LAN.
Ad Hoc network is a group of notebooks with wireless LAN PCMCIA Card, called a
BSS (Basic Service Set). These notebooks use their wireless LAN PCMCIA Card to
communicate with each other directly.
The most obvious differentiation between Infrastructure wireless network and Ad
Hoc wireless network is that the notebooks in Infrastructure wireless network can
make use of the resource in the Internet through Access Point.
To set up your notebook’s network as the type of “Ad Hoc” or “Infrastructure”
wireless network depends completely on your requirement. Generally, if your network
environment has an Access Point, it’s recommend that you set it as “Infrastructure”
mode to connect to the Internet.
3 Install Drivers and Utility.
1. Insert Install CD to your CD-ROM, It will auto run install program.
2. Press Next Button and wizard will lead you to complete install driver and utility.
4 Configuration Utility.
There are two different utility to configure you wireless setting on XP, although we provide
another choice, but in functional, both of them are similar. You can choose any one of them,
which you more like or convenience to use.
4.1 Windows XP Wireless Network Connection Setting.
1. After finished install driver and utility on your system. Let’s starting to setup your wireless
card. First of all we will see the connection notice in the right corner (Fig. 4.1-1)
Fig. 4.1-1
2. Click the notice frame and it will popup a setup dialog as below (Fig. 4.1-2). If there have some
efficient access point, which efficient range contains your PCMCIA Card range, then the SSID
will show in the “Available networks” list. Select one and click the Connect button.
Fig. 4.1-2
3. It’s normal sight when you pick a good connection. Windows XP will appear warning notice
as following (Fig. 4.1-3) for a second.
Fig. 4.1-3
4. After several seconds, you will see connection states information on notice frame (Fig.4.1-4).
It will show SSID and signal strength.
4.2 Other Connection Setting.
We provide another wireless setting utility for Windows (2000/me/98SE) use. Of course, XP
version already prepared. Every function is the same like Windows 2k version.
1. Plug-in wireless card and you will see utility appear on your system tray. (Fig4.2-1)
2. Double-click the crab icon, following dialog box will appear. (Fig4.2-2)
Wait a second till the blank list available wireless networks, if the net require WEP key, just
key in correct WEP key to “Network key” field and confirm again, click Connect button to
build valid connection.
3.Trending towards advanced setting, we can click “Advanced” button at beginning, a
new window will pop-up as following. (Fig4.2-3) You can assign Access Point which you want
connect to. We also can change presently connection just click SSID from “Available Profile”
list then click remove button to end off connection. At the bottom of window, it will show
presently signal strength and link quality clearly. It can help us to select which Access Point
owned the best link quality when we set our connection. If we always use some fixed profile,
you can set it be a default to avoid the trouble, which you need set profile when you login
4.If there are several wireless network coexist, we must consider with data Encryption. It
depend on your Access Point security setting, one of them not match , them the connection will
be failed.
5 Technical Specifications of X-Micro WLAN PCMCIA Card
Product Name
Frequency Band
2.400GHz ~2.4835GHz
Spread Spectrum
DSSS (Direct Sequence Spread Spectrum)
Modulation Method
Data Rate
1Mbps, 2Mbps, 5.5Mbps, 11Mbps
Operation Mode
Ad hoc Infrastructure(Need Access Point).
Diversity Patch Antenna
Power Consumption
Tx Typical : 380mA
Rx Typical: 145mA
Sleep Mode: 25mA
64-bit or 128-bit WEP (Wired Equivalent Privacy)
Windows-based utility for configuration and status
Windows 98SE/ME/2000/XP and Linux.
FCC part 15 for North America.
I/O Interface
32-bit Cardbus.
–84dBm at < 8% BER
RF Output Power
16dBm (Typical)
LED indicator
Red LED: Active
118.5(L) x 54(W) x 5(H) mm
Input Power
3.3 or 5V DC
Operating Temperature
0~55°C (operation)
Storage Temperature
-10 ~ 70°C
Operating Range
Up to 300 m (depending on surrounding environment)
CE/ETSI for European.
6 Glossary
IEEE 802.11 Standard
The IEEE 802.11 Wireless LAN standards subcommittee, which is formulating a
standard for the industry.
Access Point
An internetworking device that seamlessly connects wired and wireless networks together.
Ad Hoc
An Ad Hoc wireless LAN is a group of computers, each with a WLAN adapter,
connected as an independent wireless LAN. Ad Hoc wireless LAN is applicable at a
departmental scale for a branch or SOHO operation.
A specific Ad Hoc LAN is called a Basic Service Set (BSS). Computers in a BSS must
be configured with the same BSSID.
Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol - a method in which IP addresses are assigned
by server dynamically to clients on the network. DHCP is used for Dynamic IP
Addressing and requires a dedicated DHCP server on the network.
Direct Sequence Spread Spectrum
This is the method the wireless cards use to transmit data over the frequency
spectrum. The other method is frequency hopping. Direct sequence spreads the data
over one frequency range (channel) while frequency hopping jumps from one narrow
frequency band to another many times per second.
An Infrastructure configuration could also support roaming capability for mobile
workers. More than one BSS can be configured as an Extended Service Set (ESS).
Users within an ESS could roam freely between BSSs while served as a continuous
connection to the network wireless stations and Access Points within an ESS must be
configured with the same ESSID and the same radio channel.
Ethernet is a 10/100Mbps network that runs over dedicated home/office wiring. Users
must be wired to the network at all times to gain access.
A gateway is a hardware and software device that connects two dissimilar systems,
such as a LAN and a mainframe. In Internet terminology, a gateway is another name
for a router. Generally a gateway is used as a funnel for all traffic to the Internet.
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
An integrated wireless and wired LAN is called an Infrastructure configuration.
Infrastructure is applicable to enterprise scale for wireless access to central database,
or wireless application for mobile workers.
ISM Band
The FCC and their counterparts outside of the U.S. have set aside bandwidth for
unlicensed use in the so-called ISM (Industrial, Scientific and Medical) band.
Spectrum in the vicinity of 2.4 GHz, in particular, is being made available worldwide.
This presents a truly revolutionary opportunity to place convenient high-speed
wireless capabilities in the hands of users around the globe.
Local Area Network (LAN)
A LAN is a group of computers, each equipped with the appropriate network adapter
card connected by cable/air, that share applications, data, and peripherals. All
connections are made via cable or wireless media, but a LAN does not use telephone
services. It typically spans a single building or campus.
A network is a system of computers that is connected. Data, files, and messages can
be transmitted over this network. Networks may be local or wide area networks.
Personal Computer Memory Card International Association. Also a PCMCIA card is
also referred to Cardbus Adapter.
A protocol is a standardized set of rules that specify how a conversation is to take
place, including the format, timing, sequencing and/ or error checking.
A Network ID unique to a network. Only clients and Access Points that share the same SSID
are able to communicate with each other. This string is case-sensitive.
Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP)
Simple Network Management Protocol is the network management protocol of TCP/IP. In
SNMP, agents-which can be hardware as well as software-monitor the activity in the various
devices on the network and report to the network console workstation. Control information
about each device is maintained in a structure known as a management information block.
Static IP Addressing
A method of assigning IP addresses to clients on the network. In networks with Static
IP address, the network administrator manually assigns an IP address to each computer. Once a
Static IP address is assigned, a computer uses the same IP address every time it reboots and
logs on to the network, unless it is manually changed.
Transmission Control Protocol / Internet Protocol (TCP/IP)
TCP/IP is the protocol suite developed by the Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA). It
is widely used in corporate Internet works, because of its superior design for WANs. TCP
governs how packet is sequenced for transmission the network. The term “TCP/IP” is often
used generically to refer to the entire suite of related protocols.
Transmit / Receive
The wireless throughput in Bytes per second averaged over two seconds.
Wide Area Network (WAN)
A WAN consists of multiple LANs that are tied together via telephone services and / or fiber
optic cabling. WANs may span a city, a state, a country, or even the world.
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