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‡ ɩɪɟɞɢɩɨɱɢɫɬɜɚɧɟɬɪɹɛɜɚɞɚɩɪɟɦɚɯɧɟɬɟɚɤɨɢɦɚɪɚɡɥɹɬɚ
‡ ɉɨɜɪɟɦɟɧɚɩɢɪɨɥɢɬɢɱɧɨɩɨɱɢɫɬɜɚɧɟɩɨɜɴɪɯɧɨɫɬɢɬɟɦɨɝɚɬɞɚɫɟɧɚɝɪɟɹɬɩɨɫɢɥɧɨɨɬ
ɨɛɢɤɧɨɜɟɧɨɇɟɪɚɡɪɟɲɚɜɚɣɬɟɧɚɞɟɰɚɞɚɫɟɞɨɛɥɢɠɚɜɚɬɞɨɮɭɪɧɚɬɚ
ɈȻɓɂɆȿɊɄɂɁȺȻȿɁɈɉȺɋɇɈɋɌ
Ȼɥɚɝɨɞɚɪɢɦȼɢɱɟɢɡɛɪɚɯɬɟɟɞɢɧɨɬɧɚɲɢɬɟɩɪɨɞɭɤɬɢ Ɂ ɚɞɚɢɦɚɬɟɜɴɡɦɨɠɧɨɧɚɣɞɨɛɴɪɪɟɡɭɥɬɚɬɩɪɢɢɡɩɨɥɡɜɚɧɟɬɨɧɚɮɭɪɧɚɬɚ
ɜɧɢɦɚɬɟɥɧɨɩɪɨɱɟɬɟɬɟɬɨɜɚɪɴɤɨɜɨɞɫɬɜɨɉɪɟɩɨɪɴɱɜɚɦɟȼɢɞɚɡɚɩɚɡɢɬɟɧɚɫɬɨɹɳɨɬɨɪɴɤɨɜɨɞɫɬɜɨɡɚɦɨɧɬɚɠɢɟɤɫɩɥɨɚɬɚɰɢɹɢɩɪɢ
ɧɭɠɞɚɞɚɫɟɨɛɪɴɳɚɬɟɤɴɦɧɟɝɨ
Ʉɨɝɚɬɨɭɪɟɞɴɬɟɜɟɤɫɩɥɨɚɬɚɰɢɹɜɫɢɱɤɢɞɨɫɬɴɩɧɢɱɚɫɬɢɫɚɝɨɪɟɳɢȼɧɢɜɚɣɬɟɞɚɧɟɫɟɞɨɤɨɫɜɚɬɟɞɨɬɟɡɢɟɥɟɦɟɧɬɢ
ɉɪɢɩɴɪɜɢɹɬɩɭɫɤɧɚɮɭɪɧɚɬɚɦɨɠɟɞɚɫɟɭɫɟɬɢɧɟɩɪɢɹɬɧɚɦɢɪɢɡɦɚɌɨɜɚɫɬɚɜɚɡɚɳɨɬɨɢɡɨɥɚɰɢɨɧɧɢɬɟɟɥɟɦɟɧɬɢɫɟɡɚɝɪɹɜɚɬɡɚ
ɩɴɪɜɢɩɴɬɌɨɜɚɟɚɛɫɨɥɸɬɧɨɧɨɪɦɚɥɧɨɢɧɹɦɚɩɨɜɨɞɡɚɩɪɢɬɟɫɧɟɧɢɟɂɡɱɚɤɚɣɬɟɭɪɟɞɚɞɚɢɡɫɬɢɧɟɢɝɨɡɚɛɴɪɲɟɬɟɞɨɛɪɟɋɥɟɞ
ɬɨɜɚɟɝɨɬɨɜɡɚɧɨɪɦɚɥɧɚɟɤɫɩɥɨɚɬɚɰɢɹ
ȿɞɧɚɮɭɪɧɚɩɨɫɜɨɹɬɚɫɴɳɧɨɫɬɧɚɪɚɛɨɬɚɫɬɚɜɚɦɧɨɝɨɝɨɪɟɳɚɈɫɨɛɟɧɨɫɬɴɤɥɨɬɨɧɚɜɪɚɬɚɬɚɧɚɮɭɪɧɚɬɚ
Ⱦɟɤɥɚɪɚɰɢɹ ɡɚ ɫɴɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɢɟ
ȼɫɢɱɤɢɱɚɫɬɢɤɨɢɬɨɦɨɝɚɬɞɚɜɫɴɩɹɬɜɤɨɧɬɚɤɬɫɯɪɚɧɚɫɚɜɫɴɝɥɚɫɧɨɫɬɫɩɪɚɜɢɥɚɬɚɧɚ((&Ⱦɢɪɟɤɬɢɜɢ
ɉɨɫɬɚɜɹɣɤɢɢɦɚɪɤɢɪɚɣɤɢɬɨɡɢɩɪɨɞɭɤɬɧɢɟɞɟɤɥɚɪɢɪɚɦɟɧɚɧɚɲɚɨɬɝɨɜɨɪɧɨɫɬɱɟɬɨɣɟɜɫɴɨɬɜɟɫɬɜɢɟɫɴɫɜɫɢɱɤɢȿɜɪɨɩɟɣɫɤɢ
ɢɡɢɫɤɜɚɧɢɹɡɚɛɟɡɨɩɚɫɬɧɨɫɬɡɞɪɚɜɧɢɢɟɤɨɥɨɝɢɱɧɢɧɨɪɦɢ
ɋɥɟɞɤɚɬɨɪɚɡɨɩɚɤɨɜɚɬɟɮɭɪɧɚɬɚɭɜɟɪɟɬɟɫɟɱɟɬɹɧɟɟɛɢɥɚɩɨɜɪɟɞɟɧɚɩɨɧɹɤɚɤɴɜɧɚɱɢɧȺɤɨɢɦɚɬɟɧɹɤɚɤɜɢɫɴɦɧɟɧɢɹɧɟɹ
ɢɡɩɨɥɡɜɚɣɬɟɫɜɴɪɠɟɬɟɫɟɫɤɜɚɥɢɮɢɰɢɪɚɧɱɨɜɟɤɋɴɯɪɚɧɹɜɚɣɬɟɨɩɚɤɨɜɴɱɧɢɬɟɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɢɤɚɬɨɧɚɣɥɨɧɨɜɢɬɨɪɛɢɱɤɢɩɨɥɢɫɬɢɪɨɥ
ɢɥɢɩɢɪɨɧɢɢɡɜɴɧɨɛɫɟɝɚɧɚɞɟɰɚɡɚɳɨɬɨɬɟɫɚɨɩɚɫɧɢɡɚɬɹɯ
ȻȽ
ɋɴɜɟɬɢɡɚɛɟɡɨɩɚɫɧɨɫɬ
ɟɥɟɤɬɪɢɱɟɫɤɢ
ɫɩɚɡɜɚɬ
ɈȻɈɊɍȾȼȺɇȿɁȺɎɍɊɇȺ ɜɡɚɜɢɫɢɦɨɫɬɨɬɦɨɞɟɥɚ
ɇɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɨɟɞɚɫɟɧɚɩɪɚɜɢɩɴɪɜɨɧɚɱɚɥɧɨɩɨɱɢɫɬɜɚɧɟɧɚ
ɨɛɨɪɭɞɜɚɧɟɬɨɩɪɟɞɢɩɴɪɜɨɬɨɢɡɩɨɥɡɜɚɧɟɧɚɜɫɟɤɢɨɬɬɹɯ
ɂɡɦɢɣɬɟɝɢɫɝɴɛɚɂɡɩɥɚɤɧɟɬɟɢɩɨɞɫɭɲɟɬɟ
ɇɚɫɤɚɪɚɬɚɦɨɠɟɞɚɫɟɫɥɚɝɚɬ
ɱɢɧɢɢɢɫɴɞɨɜɟ
Ɉɫɨɛɟɧɨɞɨɛɪɚɟɡɚɩɟɱɟɧɟɧɚ
ɝɪɢɥɂɡɩɨɥɡɜɚɣɬɟɹɡɚɟɞɧɨɫ
ɬɚɜɢɱɤɚɬɚɡɚɦɚɡɧɢɧɢ
Ɇɨɧɬɚɠ
Ɇɨɧɬɚɠɴɬɟɨɬɝɨɜɨɪɧɨɫɬɧɚɤɥɢɟɧɬɚɉɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɢɬɟɥɢɬɟɧɟɫɚ
ɡɚɞɴɥɠɟɧɢɞɚɨɫɴɳɟɫɬɜɹɜɚɬɬɚɡɢɞɟɣɧɨɫɬ
ɂɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɢɬɟɡɚɦɨɧɬɚɠɧɚɩɪɨɮɟɫɢɨɧɚɥɧɨɤɜɚɥɢɮɢɰɢɪɚɧ
ɩɟɪɫɨɧɚɥɬɪɹɛɜɚɞɚɫɟɫɩɚɡɜɚɬɇɟɩɪɚɜɢɥɧɢɹɬɦɨɧɬɚɠɦɨɠɟɞɚ
ɩɪɢɱɢɧɢɜɪɟɞɚɢɥɢɧɚɪɚɧɹɜɚɧɟɧɚɯɨɪɚɠɢɜɨɬɧɢɢɥɢɜɟɳɢ
ɉɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɢɬɟɥɹɬɧɟɦɨɠɟɞɚɧɨɫɢɨɬɝɨɜɨɪɧɨɫɬɡɚɬɟɡɢɳɟɬɢɢɥɢ
ɧɚɪɚɧɹɜɚɧɢɹ
ɋɩɟɰɢɚɥɧɢɹɬɩɪɨɮɢɥɧɚ
ɪɚɮɬɨɜɟɬɟɨɡɧɚɱɚɜɚɱɟɬɟɫɬɨɹɬ
ɯɨɪɢɡɨɧɬɚɥɧɨɞɨɪɢɤɨɝɚɬɨɫɟ
ɜɚɞɹɬɇɟɫɴɳɟɫɬɜɭɜɚɪɢɫɤɨɬ
ɪɚɡɥɢɜɚɧɟɧɚɹɫɬɢɟɬɨ
Ɍɚɜɢɱɤɚɬɚɭɥɚɜɹɫɨɤɨɜɟɬɟɨɬ
ɯɪɚɧɢɬɟɤɨɢɬɨɫɟɝɨɬɜɹɬɧɚ
ɫɤɚɪɚɬɚɂɡɩɨɥɡɜɚɫɟɫɚɦɨɫɝɪɢɥ
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ɂɡɜɚɞɟɬɟɹɚɤɨɢɡɩɨɥɡɜɚɬɟɞɪɭɝɢ
ɩɪɨɝɪɚɦɢ
ɇɢɤɨɝɚɧɟɢɡɩɨɥɡɜɚɣɬɟɬɚɜɚɬɚɡɚɭɥɚɜɹɧɟɧɚɫɨɤɨɜɟɤɚɬɨ
ɬɚɜɚɡɚɦɚɡɧɢɧɢɬɴɣɤɚɬɨɬɨɜɚɫɴɡɞɚɜɚɞɢɦɢɦɚɡɧɢɧɢɬɟ
ɳɟɢɡɩɪɴɫɤɚɬɢɡɚɦɴɪɫɹɬɮɭɪɧɚɬɚ
Ɇɨɧɬɢɪɚɧɟɧɚɮɭɪɧɚɜɤɭɯɧɹɬɚ
ɉɨɫɬɚɜɟɬɟɮɭɪɧɚɬɚɜɩɪɨɫɬɪɚɧɫɬɜɨɬɨɜɤɭɯɧɹɬɚɬɨɦɨɠɟɞɚ
ɛɴɞɟɦɨɧɬɢɪɚɧɨɩɨɞɟɞɢɧɪɚɛɨɬɟɧɩɥɨɬɢɥɢɜɟɞɢɧɲɤɚɮ
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ɮɢɤɫɢɪɚɳɢɨɬɜɨɪɚɜɪɚɦɤɚɬɚ ɮɢɝɧɚɩɨɫɥɟɞɧɚɬɚɫɬɪɚɧɢɰɚ Ɂɚɞɚɧɚɦɟɪɢɬɟɨɬɜɨɪɢɬɟɡɚɡɚɤɪɟɩɜɚɧɟɨɬɜɨɪɟɬɟɜɪɚɬɚɬɚɧɚ
ɮɭɪɧɚɬɚɢɩɨɝɥɟɞɧɟɬɟɜɴɬɪɟɁɚɞɚɫɟɩɨɡɜɨɥɢɩɨɞɯɨɞɹɳɚ
ɜɟɧɬɢɥɚɰɢɹɢɡɦɟɪɜɚɧɢɹɬɚɢɪɚɡɫɬɨɹɧɢɹɬɚɩɨɫɨɱɟɧɢɜ
ɞɢɚɝɪɚɦɚɬɚɧɚɩɨɫɥɟɞɧɚɬɚɫɬɪɚɧɢɰɚɬɪɹɛɜɚɞɚɫɟɫɩɚɡɜɚɬ
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ɢɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɢɬɟɫɴɞɴɪɠɚɳɢɫɟɜɪɴɤɨɜɨɞɫɬɜɨɬɨɡɚɩɥɨɱɚɬɚ
ɬɪɹɛɜɚɞɚɫɟɫɩɚɡɜɚɬ
ɉɢɰɚ ɤɨɦɩɥɟɤɬ Ɂɚ ɞɚ ɫɟ ɩɨɥɭɱɚɬ
ɧɚɣɞɨɛɪɢ
ɪɟɡɭɥɬɚɬɢ
ɨɬ
ɤɨɦɩɥɟɤɬɚ ɬɪɹɛɜɚ ɞɚ ɫɟ ɢɡɩɨɥɡɜɚ
ɡɚɟɞɧɨɫɮɭɧɤɰɢɹɬɚɩɢɰɚ
ȼɚɠɧɨ
Ⱥɤɨɢɫɤɚɬɟɮɭɪɧɚɬɚɜɢɞɚɪɚɛɨɬɢɧɨɪɦɚɥɧɨɬɪɹɛɜɚɤɨɪɩɭɫɚɧɚ
ɤɭɯɧɹɬɚɜɢɞɚɟɩɨɞɯɨɞɹɳɉɚɧɟɥɢɬɟɧɚɤɭɯɧɟɧɫɤɢɛɥɨɤɤɨɢɬɨ
ɫɚɜɧɟɩɨɫɪɟɞɫɬɜɟɧɚɛɥɢɡɨɫɬɞɨɩɟɳɬɚɬɪɹɛɜɚɞɚɛɴɞɟ
ɧɚɩɪɚɜɟɧɨɬɬɟɪɦɨɭɫɬɨɣɱɢɜɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɍɛɟɞɟɬɟɫɟɱɟɜɫɢɱɤɢ
ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɢɦɨɝɚɬɞɚɢɡɞɴɪɠɚɬɧɚɧɚɝɪɹɜɚɧɟɞɨɝɪɚɞɭɫɚȼ
ɩɪɨɬɢɜɟɧɫɥɭɱɚɣɦɨɠɟɞɚɫɟɪɚɡɬɨɩɹɬɢɞɚɩɨɜɪɟɞɹɬɭɪɟɞɚ
ɋɥɟɞɤɚɬɨɮɭɪɧɚɬɚɫɟɦɨɧɬɢɪɚɟɥɟɤɬɪɢɱɟɫɤɢɬɟɤɨɦɩɨɧɟɧɬɢ
ɬɪɹɛɜɚɞɚɫɟɢɡɨɥɢɪɚɬɌɨɜɚɟɡɚɤɨɧɨɜɨɢɡɢɫɤɜɚɧɟɡɚ
ɛɟɡɨɩɚɫɧɨɫɬȼɫɢɱɤɢɩɪɟɞɩɚɡɢɬɟɥɢɬɪɹɛɜɚɞɚɛɴɞɚɬɡɞɪɚɜɨ
ɮɢɤɫɢɪɚɧɢɧɚɦɹɫɬɨɬɚɤɚɱɟɟɧɟɜɴɡɦɨɠɧɨɞɚɛɴɞɚɬ
ɨɬɫɬɪɚɧɟɧɢɛɟɡɩɨɦɨɳɬɚɧɚɫɩɟɰɢɚɥɧɢɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɢ
ɉɥɨɱɚɬɚɡɚɝɨɬɜɟɧɟɬɪɹɛɜɚɞɚɢɦɚɨɬɡɚɞɪɚɡɥɢɤɚɨɬɩɨɧɟ
PPɡɚɞɚɢɦɚɞɨɛɪɨɨɯɥɚɠɞɚɧɟ
Ɍɚɜɚɡɚɦɚɡɧɢɧɢ
ɂɞɟɚɥɧɚɟɡɚɩɟɱɟɧɟɧɚɝɪɢɥ
ɂɡɩɨɥɜɚɣɬɟɹɡɚɟɞɧɨɫ
ɪɟɲɟɬɤɚɬɚȼɤɥɸɱɟɧɚɟɢɞɪɴɠɤɚ
ɡɚɩɨɥɟɫɧɨɬɨɢɡɜɚɠɞɚɧɟɧɚɬɚ
ɟɥɟɦɟɧɬɚ
ɇȿɈɋɌȺȼəɃɌȿȾɊɔɀɄȺɌȺ
ȼɔȼɎɍɊɇȺɌȺ
ɋɜɚɥɹɧɟɢɩɨɱɢɫɬɜɚɧɟɧɚɦɟɬɚɥɧɢɬɟɫɬɟɥɚɠɢ
ɋɜɴɪɡɜɚɧɟɤɴɦɁȺɏɊȺɇȼȺɇȿɌɈ
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ɩɨɫɬɚɜɟɬɟ
ȻȽ
ɉɨɥɟɡɧɢɫɴɜɟɬɢ
ɋɢɫɬɟɦɚɡɚɛɟɡɨɩɚɫɬɧɨɫɬɧɚɪɚɮɬɨɜɟɬɟ
ɋɚɦɨɩɨɱɢɫɬɜɚɳɚɫɟɎɍɊɇȺɫɤɚɬɚɥɢɡɚɬɨɪ
ɋɩɟɰɢɚɥɧɢɫɚɦɨɩɨɱɢɫɬɜɚɳɢɫɟɩɚɧɟɥɢɨɛɯɜɚɧɚɬɢɜ
ɦɢɤɪɨɩɨɪɟɫɬɨɩɨɤɪɢɬɢɟɫɟɩɪɟɞɥɚɝɚɬɤɚɬɨɞɨɩɴɥɧɢɬɟɥɧɨ
ɨɛɨɪɭɞɜɚɧɟɡɚɜɫɢɱɤɢɦɨɞɟɥɢȺɤɨɬɟɫɚɦɨɧɬɢɪɚɧɢɮɭɪɧɚɬɚɧɟ
ɬɪɹɛɜɚɞɚɫɟɩɨɱɢɫɬɜɚɧɚɪɴɤɚ
Ɇɚɡɧɢɧɢɤɨɢɬɨɫɚɩɪɴɫɧɚɥɢɜɴɪɯɭɫɬɟɧɢɬɟɧɚɮɭɪɧɚɬɚɩɨɜɪɟɦɟ
ɧɚɩɟɱɟɧɟɫɟɨɬɫɬɪɚɧɹɜɚɬɨɬɦɢɤɪɨɩɨɪɟɫɬɨɬɨɩɨɤɪɢɬɢɟ
ɉɪɟɤɚɥɟɧɨɬɨɧɚɫɥɨɹɜɚɧɟɜɫɟɩɚɤɦɨɠɟɞɚɛɥɨɤɢɪɚɩɨɪɢɬɟɢ
ɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɬɟɥɧɨɞɚɩɪɟɱɢɧɚɫɚɦɨɩɨɱɢɫɬɜɚɧɟɬɨɋɚɦɨɩɨɱɢɫɬɜɚɳɚ
ɫɩɨɫɨɛɧɨɫɬɦɨɠɟɞɚɛɴɞɟɜɴɡɫɬɚɧɨɜɟɧɚɱɪɟɡɜɤɥɸɱɜɚɧɟɧɚ
ɩɪɚɡɧɚɮɭɪɧɚɬɚɞɨɦɚɤɫɢɦɚɥɧɚɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɚɡɚɨɤɨɥɨ
ɦɢɧɭɬɢɇɟɢɡɩɨɥɡɜɚɣɬɟɚɛɪɚɡɢɜɧɢɩɪɨɞɭɤɬɢɨɫɬɪɢɩɪɟɞɦɟɬɢ
ɝɪɚɩɚɜɢɤɴɪɩɢɢɥɢɯɢɦɢɱɧɢɩɪɨɞɭɤɬɢɢɩɪɟɩɚɪɚɬɢɤɨɢɬɨɦɨɝɚɬ
ɬɪɚɣɧɨɞɚɩɨɜɪɟɞɹɬɤɚɬɚɥɢɡɚɬɨɪɚ
Ʉɨɝɚɬɨɝɨɬɜɢɬɟɩɨɦɚɡɧɢɯɪɚɧɢɟɩɪɟɩɨɪɴɱɢɬɟɥɧɨɞɚɢɡɩɨɥɡɜɚɬɟ
ɩɨɞɴɥɛɨɤɢɫɴɞɨɜɟɢɞɚɫɥɨɠɢɬɟɬɚɜɢɱɤɚɬɚɡɚɫɴɛɢɪɚɧɟɧɚ
ɦɚɡɧɢɧɚ
ȼȺɀɇɈȼɫɢɱɤɢɤɚɬɚɥɢɬɢɱɧɢɨɛɥɢɰɨɜɤɢɜɦɨɦɟɧɬɚɧɚɩɚɡɚɪɚɢɦ ɚ ɬɪɭɞɨɜɠɢɜɨɬɧɚɨɤɨɥɨɱɚɫɚɁɚɬɨɜɚɬɟɬɪɹɛɜɚɞɚɫɟɫɦɟɧɹ
ɫɥɟɞɨɤɨɥɨɱɚɫɚ
Ɏɭɪɧɚɬɚɪɚɡɩɨɥɚɝɚɫɧɨɜɚɫɢɫɬɟɦɚ
ɡɚɛɟɡɨɩɚɫɧɨɫɬɧɚɪɚɮɬɚɌɨɜɚɜɢ
ɩɨɡɜɨɥɹɜɚɞɚɢɡɜɚɞɢɪɚɮɬɨɜɟɬɟɩɪɢ
ɩɪɨɜɟɪɤɚɬɚɧɚɯɪɚɧɚɬɚɛɟɡɨɩɚɫɧɨɫɬ
ɨɬɯɪɚɧɢɬɟɥɧɢɪɚɡɥɢɜɢɢɥɢɪɚɮɬɨɜɟ
ɩɨɩɚɞɚɳɢɫɥɭɱɚɣɧɨɨɬɮɭɪɧɚɬɚ
Ɂɚɞɚɢɡɜɚɞɢɬɟɪɚɮɬɨɜɟɬɟɢɡɜɚɞɟɬɟ
ɢɩɨɜɞɢɝɧɟɬɟ
Ƚ ɪɢɥ
ɉɟɱɟɧɟɬɨɩɨɡɜɨɥɹɜɚɞɚɫɟɞɚɞɟɧɚɯɪɚɧɚɬɚɛɴɪɡɨɤɚɮɹɜ
ɰɜɹɬɁɚɩɪɟɩɢɱɚɧɟɜɢɩɪɟɩɨɪɴɱɜɚɦɟɞɚɩɨɫɬɚɜɢɬɟɫɤɚɪɚɬɚ
ɜɴɪɯɭɱɟɬɜɴɪɬɨɬɨɧɢɜɨɜɡɚɜɢɫɢɦɨɫɬɨɬɩɪɨɩɨɪɰɢɢɬɟɧɚ
ɯɪɚɧɚ ɜɠɮɢɝɋɬɪ ɉɨɱɬɢɜɫɢɱɤɢɦɟɫɚɦɨɝɚɬɞɚɫɟɩɪɢɝɨɬɜɚɬɧɚɝɪɢɥ
ɂɡɤɥɸɱɟɧɢɟɩɪɚɜɹɬɦɧɨɝɨɩɨɫɬɧɢɬɟɯɪɚɧɢɢɪɨɥɤɢɬɟɦɟɫɨ
ɉɪɢɩɪɢɝɨɬɜɹɧɟɧɚɦɟɫɨɢɪɢɛɚɬɪɹɛɜɚɩɪɟɞɢɩɨɫɬɚɜɹɧɟɬɨ
ɢɦɜɴɜɮɭɪɧɚɬɚɞɚɞɨɛɚɜɢɬɟɩɨɞɩɪɚɜɤɢɢɦɚɡɧɢɧɚ
$48$&7,9$ ɮɭɧɤɰɢɹ
Ɇɨɞɟɥɢɬɟ
Ɏ
ɭɪɧɢɬɟ ɢɦɚɬ ɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɧɟɧ ɤɨɧɬɪɨɥ ɧɚ ɫɤɨɪɨɫɬɬɚ ɧɚ
ɜɟɧɬɢɥɚɬɨɪɚ ɩɚɬɟɧɬɨɜɚɧ 9$5,2)$1 ɉɨ ɜɪɟɦɟ ɧɚ ɝɨɬɜɟɧɟ ɬɚɡɢ
ɫɢɫɬɟɦɚ ɩɪɨɦɟɧɹ ɚɜɬɨɦɚɬɢɱɧɨ ɫɤɨɪɨɫɬɬɚ ɧɚ ɜɟɧɬɢɥɚɬɨɪɚ ɜ
ɦɧɨɝɨɮɭɧɤɰɢɨɧɚɥɧɢɹ ɪɟɠɢɦ ɡɚ ɞɚ ɫɟ ɨɩɬɢɦɢɡɢɪɚ ɜɴɡɞɭɲɧɢɹ
ɩɨɬɨɤɢɜɴɬɪɟɲɧɚɬɚɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɚɜɮɭɪɧɚɬɚ
ȼɫɹɤɚɮɭɪɧɚɢɦɚɮɭɧɤɰɢɹ
Ɍɨɜɚɞɚɜɚɜɴɡɦɨɠɧɨɫɬɡɚɭɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɟɧɚ
ɪɚɡɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɢɟɬɨɧɚɜɥɚɝɚɬɚɢɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɚɬɚɌɨɜɚ
ɧɚɦɚɥɹɜɚɡɚɝɭɛɚɬɚɧɚɜɥɚɝɚɫɤɨɟɬɨɝɚɪɚɧɬɢɪɚɱɟ
ɯɪɚɧɚɬɚɨɫɬɚɜɚɧɟɠɧɚɢɫɩɨɞɨɛɴɪɜɤɭɫɉɪɟɩɨɪɴɱɜɚ
ɫɟɡɚɩɟɱɟɧɟɧɚɯɥɹɛɢɫɥɚɞɤɚɪɫɤɢɢɡɞɟɥɢɹ
Ɍɨɜɚɧɚɦɚɥɹɜɚɜɪɟɦɟɬɨɡɚɩɨɞɝɪɹɜɚɧɟɧɚɩɟɳɢɬɟɫɚɦɨ
ɡɚɦɢɧɭɬɢɡɚɞɚɞɨɫɬɢɝɧɟɝɪɚɞɭɫɚɩɨɐɟɥɡɢɣ
Ⱦɚɜɚɜɴɡɦɨɠɧɨɫɬɡɚɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɹɧɟɧɚɧɢɜɨɬɨɢ
ɢɧɬɟɧɡɢɜɧɨɫɬɬɚɧɚɩɟɱɟɧɟɧɚɝɪɢɥɞɨɩɨɜɟɱɟ
ɦɨɳɧɨɫɬɜɫɪɚɜɧɟɧɢɟɫɬɪɚɞɢɰɢɨɧɧɚɬɚɮɭɪɧɚ
ȼɡɚɜɢɫɢɦɨɫɬɨɬɦɨɞɟɥɚ
PO
ɂɦɚ ɨɫɜɟɬɢɬɟɥɧɚ ɫɢɫɬɟɦɚ ɤɨɹɬɨ ɡɚɦɟɧɹ ɬɪɚɞɢɰɢɨɧɧɚɬɚ
©ɤɪɭɲɤɚª /(' ɫɜɟɬɥɢɧɢ ɫɚ ɢɧɬɟɝɪɢɪɚɧɢ ɜ ɪɚɦɤɢɬɟ ɧɚ
ɜɪɚɬɚɬɚɌɟɩɪɨɢɡɜɟɠɞɚɬɛɹɥɨɨɫɜɟɬɥɟɧɢɟɤɨɟɬɨɩɨɡɜɨɥɹɜɚɞɚ
ɩɪɟɝɥɟɠɞɚɬɟɜɴɬɪɟɲɧɚɬɚɫɬɪɚɧɚɧɚɮɭɪɧɚɬɚɫɹɫɧɨɬ ɚ
ɉɪɟɞɢɦɫɬɜɚ
ɋɢɫɬɟɦɚɬɚɨɫɜɟɧɱɟɨɫɢɝɭɪɹɜɚɨɬɥɢɱɧɨɨɫɜɟɬɥɟɧɢɟɜɴɜ
ɮɭɪɧɚɬɚɠɢɜɟɟɩɨɞɴɥɝɨɜɫɪɚɜɧɟɧɢɟɫɬɪɚɞɢɰɢɨɧɧɢɬɟɤɪɭɲɤɚɢ
ɟɩɨɥɟɫɧɨɢɞɚɫɟɩɨɞɞɴɪɠɚɢɧɚɣɜɟɱɟɩɟɫɬɢɟɧɟɪɝɢɹ
‡ ɉɨɞɨɛɪɨɨɫɜɟɬɹɜɚɧɟ
‡ Ⱦɴɥɴɝɠɢɜɨɬɧɚɨɫɜɟɬɥɟɧɢɟ
ɉɨɱɢɫɬɜɚɧɟɢɩɨɞɞɪɴɠɤɚ
‡ Ɇɧɨɝɨɧɢɫɤɚɤɨɧɫɭɦɚɰɢɹɧɚɟɧɟɪɝɢɹ
ɩɨɧɢɫɤɚɨɬɤɨɧɫɭɦɚɰɢɹ
ɍɪɟɞɚɫɛɹɥɚɫɜɟɬɥɢɧɚ/('ɧɚɆ&ODVVɫɩɨɪɟɞ,(& $$ ɟɤɜɢɜɚɥɟɧɬɟɧɧɚ(1
$$ ɦɚɤɫɢɦɚɥɧɨɫɜɟɬɥɢɧɚɬɚ
ɢɡɥɴɱɜɚɧɚɦɨɳɧɨɫɬȜQPX:
ɇɟɫɟɧɚɛɥɸɞɚɜɚɫɨɩɬɢɱɧɢɭɪɟɞɢ
ɢɞɟɧɬɢɱɧɚ
ȻȽ
ɋɟɪɜɢɡɟɧɰɟɧɬɴɪ
ɂɡɩɨɥɡɜɚɧɟɧɚɬɚɣɦɟɪɚɡɚɤɪɚɣɧɚɝɨɬɜɟɧɟɬɨ
ɌȺɃɆȿɊȺ
ɇɚɫɬɪɨɣɜɚɧɟɧɚɬɨɱɧɨɬɨɜɪɟɦɟ
ɂɡɩɨɥɡɜɚɧɟɧɚɬɚɣɦɟɪɚ
VHOHFW
ɇɚɬɢɫɧɟɬɟɰɟɧɬɪɚɥɧɢɹɛɭɬɨɧɩɴɬɢ
‡Ɂɚɞɚɣɬɟɜɪɟɦɟɬɨɫɛɭɬɨɧɢ
‡Ɉɫɜɨɛɨɞɟɬɟɜɫɢɱɤɢɛɭɬɨɧɢ
ɂɡɩɨɥɡɜɚɧɟɧɚɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɧɧɢɹɩɪɨɝɪɚɦɚɬɨɪ
Ɏɭɧɤɰɢɹ
Ʉɚɤɞɚɚɤɬɢɜɢɪɚɦɟ
Ʉɚɤɞɚɢɡɤɥɸɱɢɬɟ
Ʉɚɤɜɨɩɪɚɜɢ
Ɂɚɤɚɤɜɨɫɟɢɡɩɨɥɡɜɚ
Ɂɚɤɥɸɱɜɚɧɟ
Ɍɚɣɦɟɪ
ȼɪɟɦɟɡɚ
ɝɨɬɜɟɧɟ
Ʉɪɚɣɧɚ
ɝɨɬɜɟɧɟɬɨ
‡Ⱥɥɚɪɦɚɜɤɪɚɹɧɚɜɪɟɦɟɬɨ
‡ɉɨɜɪɟɦɟɧɚɪɚɛɨɬɚ
ɫɟɩɨɤɚɡɜɚɨɫɬɜɪɟɦɟ
‡ɇɚɬɢɫɧɟɬɟɰɟɧɬɪɚɥɧɢɹ
ɛɭɬɨɧɩɴɬ
‡ɇɚɬɢɫɧɟɬɟɛɭɬɨɧɢ
ɡɚɞɚɢɡɛɟɪɟɬɟɜɪɟɦɟ
‡ɨɫɜɨɛɨɞɟɬɟɜɫɢɱɤɢɛɭɬɨɧɢ
‡ɇɚɬɢɫɧɟɬɟɰɟɧɬɪɚɥɧɢɹɛɭɬɨɧ
ɩɴɬɢ
‡ɇɚɬɢɫɧɟɬɟɛɭɬɨɧɢɢɥɢª
ɡɚɞɚɢɡɛɟɪɟɬɟ
ɩɪɨɞɴɥɠɢɬɟɥɧɨɫɬ
‡ɨɫɜɨɛɨɞɟɬɟɜɫɢɱɤɢɛɭɬɨɧɢ
‡ɂɡɛɟɪɟɬɟɮɭɧɤɰɢɹɫɴɫ
ɫɟɥɟɤɬɨɪɚ
‡ɉɨɡɜɨɥɹɜɚɞɚɢɡɩɨɥɡɜɚɬɟ
ɮɭɪɧɚɬɚɤɚɬɨɚɥɚɪɦɟɧ
ɱɚɫɨɜɧɢɤ ɩɪɢɜɤɥɸɱɟɧɚɢ
ɢɡɤɥɸɱɟɧɚɮɭɪɧɚ ‡ɇɚɬɢɫɧɟɬɟɧɹɤɨɣɛɭɬɨɧ
ɡɚɞɚɫɩɪɟɬɟɫɢɝɧɚɥɚ
ɇɚɬɢɫɧɟɬɟɰɟɧɬɪɚɥɧɢɹɛɭɬɨɧ
ɡɚɞɚɫɟɜɴɪɧɟɬɟɞɨ
ɱɚɫɨɜɧɢɤɚ
‡ȼɡɚɞɚɞɟɧɨɬɨɜɪɟɦɟ
ɮɭɪɧɚɬɚɳɟɫɟɢɡɤɥɸɱɢ
Ɂɚɞɚɢɡɤɥɸɱɢɬɟɪɴɱɧɨ
ɮɭɪɧɚɬɚɩɨɫɬɚɜɟɬɟ
ɫɟɥɟɤɬɨɪɚɜɩɨɡɢɰɢɹ2
ȻȽ
‡ɉɨɡɜɨɥɹɜɚɜɢɞɚɡɚɞɚɞɟɬɟ
ɤɪɚɹɧɚɜɪɟɦɟɬɨɡɚɝɨɬɜɟɧɟ
‡Ɂɚɞɚɩɪɨɜɟɪɢɬɟ
ɩɪɟɞɜɚɪɢɬɟɥɧɨ
ɡɚɞɚɞɟɧɨɬɨɜɪɟɦɟ
ɧɚɬɢɫɧɟɬɟ
‡ɰɟɧɬɪɚɥɧɢɹɛɭɬɨɧɩɴɬɢ
Ɂɚɩɪɨɦɹɧɚɧɚɫɬɪɨɣɤɢɬɟ
6(/(&7
ɂɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɢɡɚɪɚɛɨɬɚ
ɋɟɥɟɤɬɨɪ
ɧɚ
ɮɭɧɤɰɢɢ
ɇɚɫɬɪɨɣɤɢɧɚ
ɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɚɬɚ
ɩɪɢɦɨɞɟɥɢɫ
ɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɧɟɧ
ɩɪɨɝɪɚɦɚɬɨɪ
7<3($
Ɍɟɪɦɨɫɬɚɬ
ɫɟɥɟɤɬɨɪ
ɎɍɇɄɐɂɂ
ȼɤɥɸɱɜɚɨɫɜɟɬɥɟɧɢɟɬɨɧɚɮɭɪɧɚɬɚ
Ɍɨɜɚɳɟɚɤɬɢɜɢɪɚɚɜɬɨɦɚɬɢɱɧɨɜɟɧɬɢɥɚɬɨɪɚɡɚɨɯɥɚɠɞɚɧɟ ɫɚɦɨɩɪɢɦɨɞɟɥɢɤɨɢɬɨɝɨɢɦɚɬ
Ɋɚɡɦɪɚɡɹɜɚɧɟ
Ʉɨɝɚɬɨɢɡɛɟɪɟɬɟɬɚɡɢɮɭɧɤɰɢɹɜɟɧɬɢɥɚɬɨɪɚɰɢɪɤɭɥɢɪɚɜɴɡɞɭɯɚɨɤɨɥɨɡɚɦɪɚɡɟɧɚɬɚɯɪɚɧɚ
ɬɚɤɚɱɟɹɪɚɡɦɪɚɡɹɜɚɡɚɧɹɤɨɥɤɨɦɢɧɭɬɢɛɟɡɞɚɫɟɩɪɨɦɟɧɢɫɴɫɬɚɜɚɧɚɩɪɨɬɟɢɧ
ɋɭɩɟɪɝɪɢɥ
Ɍɚɡɢɮɭɧɤɰɢɹɩɪɚɜɢɯɪɚɧɚɬɚɩɨɯɪɭɩɤɚɜɚɏɚɪɚɤɬɟɪɟɡɢɪɚɫɟɫɩɨɝɨɥɹɦɚɦɨɳɧɨɫɬɨɬ
ɫɬɚɧɞɚɪɬɧɢɹɝɪɢɥ
ɇɚɬɭɪɚɥɧɚɤɨɧɜɟɤɰɢɹ
ɂɡɩɨɥɡɜɚɬɫɟɞɨɥɟɧɢɝɨɪɟɧɧɚɝɪɟɜɚɬɟɥɢɋɬɚɧɞɚɪɬɧɚɮɨɪɦɚɧɚɩɟɱɟɧɟɂɞɟɚɥɧɚɡɚ
ɩɟɱɟɧɟɧɚɦɟɫɨɩɟɱɟɧɟɧɚɛɢɫɤɜɢɬɢɉɪɚɜɢɯɪɚɧɚɬɚɜɤɭɫɧɚɢɯɪɭɩɤɚɜɚ
Ƚɨɬɜɟɧɟɧɚɜɟɧɬɢɥɚɬɨɪ
ɂɡɩɨɥɡɜɚɬɫɟɞɨɥɟɧɢɝɨɪɟɧɧɚɝɪɟɜɚɬɟɥɢɡɚɟɞɧɨɫɜɟɧɬɢɥɚɬɨɪɚɤɨɣɬɨɰɢɪɤɭɥɢɪɚɜɴɡɞɭɯɚ ɜɴɬɪɟɜɴɜɮɭɪɧɚɬɚɉɪɟɩɨɪɴɱɜɚɫɟɡɚɡɟɥɟɧɱɭɰɢɪɢɛɚɢɞɪɌɨɩɥɢɧɚɬɚɧɚɜɥɢɡɚɜɯɪɚɧɚɩɨ
ɞɨɛɪɟɢɜɪɟɦɟɧɚɬɚɡɚɩɪɟɬɨɩɥɹɧɟɢɝɨɬɜɟɧɟɫɟɧɚɦɚɥɹɜɚɬɆɨɠɟɬɟɞɚɩɪɢɝɨɬɜɹɬɟɪɚɡɥɢɱɧɢ
ɯɪɚɧɢɟɞɧɨɜɪɟɦɟɧɧɨɌɨɡɢɦɟɬɨɞɞɚɜɚɦɧɨɝɨɞɨɛɪɚɞɢɫɬɪɢɛɭɰɢɹɧɚɬɨɩɥɢɧɚɬɚɢɦɢɪɢɡɦɢɬɟ ɧɟɫɟɫɦɟɫɜɚɬɆɨɠɟɞɚɨɫɬɚɜɢɬɟɨɤɨɥɨɦɢɧɩɨɜɟɱɟɤɨɝɚɬɨɝɨɬɜɢɬɟɩɨɜɟɱɟɨɬɹɫɬɢɟ
Ɇɟɤɨɝɨɬɜɟɧɟ ɚ
Ɏɭɧɤɰɢɹɡɚɯɥɹɛɢɫɥɚɞɤɚɪɫɤɢɢɡɞɟɥɢɹɇɚɦɚɥɟɧɚɬɚɫɤɨɪɨɫɬɧɚɜɟɧɬɢɥɚɬɨɪɚɫɴɡɞɚɜɚ
ɢɞɟɚɥɧɢɭɫɥɨɜɢɹɡɚɝɨɬɜɟɧɟɬɨɧɚɬɨɡɢɬɢɩɯɪɚɧɢɤɨɢɬɨɬɪɹɛɜɚɞɚɫɬɚɧɚɬɟɥɚɫɬɢɱɧɚ
ɤɨɧɫɢɫɬɟɧɰɢɹɞɨɤɚɬɨɫɟɝɨɜɹɬɢɜɫɴɳɨɬɨɜɪɟɦɟɞɚɢɡɛɟɝɧɚɬɩɪɟɩɢɱɚɧɟɬɨɧɚɩɨɜɴɪɯɧɨɫɬɬɚ
ȼɟɧɬɢɥɚɬɨɪɢɞɨɥɟɧɧɚɝɪɟɜɚɬɟɥ
ɂɞɟɚɥɧɚɡɚɞɟɥɢɤɚɬɧɢɹɫɬɢɹ ɩɚɣɨɜɟɫɭɮɥɟɬɚ
Ƚɪɢɥ
ɂɡɩɨɥɡɜɚɫɟɫɚɦɨɝɨɪɧɢɹɧɚɝɪɟɜɚɬɟɥɢɦɨɠɟɬɟɞɚɧɚɫɬɪɨɢɬɟɬɟɦɩɟɪɚɬɭɪɚɬɚɦɢɧ
ɩɪɟɞɜɚɪɢɬɟɥɧɨɧɚɝɪɹɜɚɧɟɫɚɧɭɠɧɢɡɚɞɚɡɚɝɪɟɟɬɟɞɨɛɪɟɟɥɟɦɟɧɬɢɬɟɂɞɟɚɥɟɧɡɚɤɟɛɚɩ Ȼɟɥɢɬɟɦɟɫɚɬɪɹɛɜɚɞɚɫɟɞɴɪɠɚɬɧɚɞɢɫɬɚɧɰɢɹɨɬɝɪɢɥɚȼɪɟɦɟɬɨɡɚɝɨɬɜɟɧɟɟɩɨɞɴɥɝɨɧɨ
ɦɟɫɨɬɨɟɩɨɜɤɭɫɧɨɆɨɠɟɬɟɞɚɫɥɚɝɚɬɟɱɟɪɜɟɧɢɬɟɦɟɫɚɢɪɢɛɚɧɚɪɚɮɬɚɫɬɚɜɢɱɤɚɬɚɡɚ
ɦɚɡɧɢɧɢɨɬɞɨɥɭ
ɋɭɩɟɪɝɪɢɥ
ɎɭɪɧDɬɚɢɦɚɩɨɡɢɰɢɢɧɚɝɪɢɥɚ
Ƚɪɢɥɫɜɟɧɬɢɥɚɬɨɪɂɡɩɨɥɡɜɚɣɬɟɬɭɪɛɨɝɪɢɥɫɴɫɡɚɬɜɨɪɟɧɚɜɪɚɬɚ
Ƚɨɪɟɧɧɚɝɪɟɜɚɬɟɥɜɟɧɬɢɥɚɬɨɪɡɚɰɢɪɤɭɥɢɪɚɧɟɧɚɜɴɡɞɭɯɚɜɴɜɮɭɪɧɚɬɚɉɪɟɞɜɚɪɢɬɟɥɧɨ
ɧɚɝɪɹɜɚɧɟɟɧɭɠɧɨɫɚɦɨɡɚɱɟɪɜɟɧɢɦɟɫɚɉɨɫɬɚɜɟɬɟɯɪɚɧɚɬɚɧɚɪɚɮɬɚɧɚɫɪɟɞɧɨɬɨɧɢɜɨ ɋɥɨɠɟɬɟɨɬɞɨɥɭɬɚɜɢɱɤɚɬɚɡɚɦɚɡɧɢɧɢɡɚɞɚɫɴɛɟɪɟɨɬɞɟɥHɧɢɬɟɫɨɤɨɜɟɍɜɟɪɟɬɟɫɟɱɟ
ɯɪɚɧɚɬɚɧɟɟɩɪɟɤɚɥɟɧɨɛɥɢɡɨɞɨɝɪɢɥɚɉɨɫɪɟɞɚɬɚɧɚɝɨɬɜɟɧɟɬɨɨɛɴɪɧɟɬɟɯɪɚɧɚɬɚ
Ƚɪɢɥɲɢɲ
ɂɡɩɨɥɡɜɚɫɟɡɚɩɩɪɨɞɭɤɬɢɩɪɢɝɨɬɜɹɧɢɧɚɜɴɪɬɹɳɫɟɲɢɲ
ɉɢɰɚ
Ɍɚɡɢɮɭɧɤɰɢɹɨɫɢɝɭɪɹɜɚɢɞɟɚɥɧɢɭɫɥɨɜɢɹɡɚɹɫɬɢɹɤɚɬɨɩɢɰɚɢɮɨɤɚɱɚɱɪɟɡ
ɰɭɪɤɭɥɢɪɚɧɟɧɚɝɨɪɟɳɜɴɡɞɭɯɜɴɜɮɭɪɧɚɬɚ
Ɏɭɧɤɰɢɹɬɚ ÄȾɟɥɢɤɚɬɧɨ ɝɨɬɜɟɧɟ ɜɢ ɩɨɡɜɨɥɹɜɚ ɞɚ ɝɨɬɜɢɬɟ ɩɨ ɡɞɪɚɜɨɫɥɨɜɟɧ ɧɚɱɢɧɤɚɬɨ
ɧɚɦɚɥɢɬɟɤɨɥɢɱɟɫɬɜɨɬɨɧɚɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɚɬɚɦɚɡɧɢɧɚȻɥɚɝɨɞɚɪɟɧɢɟɧɚɢɡɩɨɥɡɜɚɧɟɬɨɧɚɝɪɢɥɢ
ɜɟɧɬɢɥɚɬɨɪɤɨɦɛɢɧɢɪɚɧɨ ɫ ɩɭɥɫɢɪɚɳɨ ɞɜɢɠɟɧɢɟ ɧɚ ɜɴɡɞɭɯɚ ɫɟ ɡɚɩɚɡɜɚ ɫɴɞɴɪɠɚɧɢɟɬɨ ɧɚ
ɜɥɚɝɚɜɯɪɚɧɚɬɚɡɚɩɢɱɚɫɟɩɨɜɴɪɯɧɨɫɬɬɚɧɚɦɚɥɹɜɚɫɟɜɪɟɦɟɬɨɡɚɝɨɬɜɟɧɟɛɟɡɞɚɫɟɩɪɨɦɟɧɹ
ɜɤɭɫɚ
Ɉɫɨɛɟɧɨ ɟ ɩɨɞɯɨɞɹɳɚ ɡɚ ɝɨɬɜɟɧɟ ɧɚ ɦɟɫɨɩɟɱɟɧɢ ɡɟɥɟɧɱɭɰɢ ɢ ɨɦɥɟɬɢȾɜɢɠɟɧɢɟɬɨ ɧɚ
ɩɭɥɫɢɪɚɲ ɜɴɡɞɭɯ ɡɚɩɚɡɜɚ ɜɥɚɠɧɨɫɫɬɚ ɜɴɬɪɟ ɜɴɜ ɮɭɪɧɚɬɚ ɢ ɜɥɚɝɨɫɴɞɴɪɠɚɧɢɟɬɨ ɧɚ
ɯɪɚɧɚɬɚɡɚɩɚɡɜɚɣɤɢɯɪɚɧɢɬɟɥɧɢɬɟɤɚɱɟɫɬɜɚɢɝɚɪɚɧɬɢɪɚɣɤɢɛɴɪɡɢɟɞɧɚɤɴɜɩɪɨɰɟɫɧɚɝɨɬɜɟɧɟ
ɉɪɨɛɜɚɣɬɟɜɫɢɱɤɢɬɟɫɢɪɟɰɟɩɬɢɢɫɟɜɴɡɩɨɥɡɜɚɣɬɟɨɬɥɟɤɨɬɚɬɚɧɚɬɚɡɢɮɭɧɤɰɢɹ
ɚ Ɂɚɧɹɤɨɣɦɨɞɟɥɢɮɭɧɤɰɢɹɬɚɫ9$5,2)$1ɟɟɤɫɥɭɡɢɜɧɚɫɢɫɬɟɦɚɪɚɡɪɚɛɨɬɟɧɚɨɬ&DQG\ɡɚɨɩɬɢɦɢɡɢɪɚɧɟɧɚɪɟɡɭɥɬɚɬɢɬɟɨɬɝɨɬɜɟɧɟɬɨ 9$5,2)$1ɫɢɫɬɟɦɚɬɚɫɟɚɤɬɢɜɢɪɚɫɚɦɚɢɚɜɬɨɦɚɬɢɱɧɨɩɪɨɦɟɧɹɫɤɨɪɨɫɬɬɚɧɚɜɟɧɬɢɥɚɬɨɪɚɤɨɝɚɬɨɢɡɛɟɪɟɬɟɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɚɮɭɧɤɰɢɹɎɭɧɤɰɢɢɬɟɧɚ
ɜɟɧɬɢɥɚɬɨɪɚɫɚɜɨɝɪɚɞɟɧɨɬɨɩɨɥɟɧɚɤɨɧɬɪɨɥɧɢɹɩɚɧɟɥ
Ɍɟɫɬɜɚɧɜɫɴɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɢɟɫ&(1(/(&(1
Ɍɟɫɬɜɚɧɜɫɴɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɢɟɫ&(1(/(&(1 ɢɡɩɨɥɡɜɚɧɨɡɚɞɟɮɢɧɢɪɚɧɟɧɚɟɧɟɪɝɢɣɧɢɹɤɥɚɫ
ɌɨɡɢɭɪɟɞɟɦɚɪɤɢɪɚɧɫɴɝɥɚɫɧɨɟɜɪɨɩɟɣɫɤɚȾɢɪɟɤɬɢɜɚ(ɈɡɚɈɬɩɚɞɴɰɢɨɬɟɥɟɤɬɪɢɱɟɫɤɨɢɟɥɟɤɬɪɨɧɧɨɨɛɨɪɭɞɜɚɧɟ :((( :(((ɫɴɞɴɪɠɚ
ɟɞɧɨɜɪɟɦɟɧɧɨɡɚɦɴɪɫɹɜɚɳɢɫɭɛɫɬɚɧɰɢɢ ɤɨɢɬɨɦɨɝɚɬɞɚɨɤɚɠɚɬɨɬɪɢɰɚɬɟɥɧɨɜɴɡɞɟɣɫɬɜɢɟɜɴɪɯɭɨɤɨɥɧɚɬɚɫɪɟɞɚ ɢɨɫɧɨɜɧɢɤɨɦɩɨɧɟɧɬɢ ɤɨɢɬɨ
ɦɨɝɚɬɞɚɫɟɢɡɩɨɥɡɜɚɬɩɨɜɬɨɪɧɨ ȼɚɠɧɨɟ:(((ɞɚɛɴɞɚɬɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɟɧɢɩɨɫɩɟɰɢɮɢɱɧɢɧɚɱɢɧɢɫɨɝɪɥɟɞɩɪɚɜɢɥɧɨɬɨɨɬɫɬɪɚɧɹɜɚɧɟɢɢɡɯɜɴɪɥɹɧɟɬɨɧɚ
ɜɫɢɱɤɢɡɚɦɴɪɫɢɬɟɥɢɢɜɴɡɜɪɴɳɚɧɟɬɨɢɪɟɰɢɤɥɢɪɚɧɟɧɚɜɫɢɱɤɢɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɢ
Ɉɬɞɟɥɧɢɬɟɢɧɞɢɜɢɞɢɦɨɝɚɬɞɨɨɤɚɠɚɬɜɚɠɧɚɪɨɥɹɨɫɢɝɭɪɹɜɚɣɤɢɱɟ:(((ɧɹɦɚɞɚɫɬɚɧɚɬɩɪɨɛɥɟɦɡɚɨɤɨɥɧɚɬɚɫɪɟɞɚɜɚɠɧɨɟɞɚɛɴɞɚɬɫɥɟɞɜɚɧɢ
ɧɹɤɨɢɨɫɧɨɜɧɢɩɪɚɜɢɥɚ
‡:(((ɧɟɬɪɹɛɜɚɞɚɛɴɞɚɬɬɪɟɬɢɪɚɧɢɤɚɬɨɞɨɦɚɤɢɧɫɤɢɨɬɩɚɞɴɰɢ
‡:(((ɬɪɹɛɜɚɞɚɛɴɞɚɬɩɪɟɞɚɜɚɧɢɜɫɴɨɬɜɟɬɧɬɢɟɫɴɛɢɪɚɬɟɥɧɢɩɭɧɤɬɨɜɟɭɩɪɚɜɥɹɜɚɧɢɨɬɨɛɳɢɧɚɬɚɢɥɢɪɟɝɢɫɬɪɢɪɚɧɢɤɨɦɩɚɧɢɢȼɦɧɨɝɨɞɴɪɠɚɜɢɡɚ
ɝɨɥɟɦɢ:(((ɦɨɠɟɞɚɫɟɩɪɟɞɥɚɝɚɫɴɛɢɪɚɧɟɨɬɞɨɦɨɜɟɬɟ
‡ɤɨɝɚɬɨɤɭɩɭɜɚɬɟɧɨɜɭɪɟɞɫɬɚɪɢɹɬɦɨɠɟɞɚɛɴɞɟɜɴɪɧɚɬɧɚɬɴɪɝɨɜɟɰɚɤɨɣɬɨɞɚɝɨɩɪɢɛɟɪɟɬɟɛɟɡɩɥɚɬɧɨɧɚɛɚɡɚɟɞɧɨɤɴɦɟɞɧɨɞɨɤɚɬɨɨɛɨɪɭɞɜɚɧɟɬɨɟɨɬ
ɫɴɳɢɹɬɢɩɢɦɚɫɴɳɢɬɟɮɭɧɤɰɢɢɤɚɬɨɞɨɫɬɚɜɟɧɨɬɨɨɛɨɪɭɞɜɚɧɟ
ɋɉȿɋɌəȼȺɇȿɇȺȿɇȿɊȽɂəɂɈɉȺɁȼȺɇȿɇȺɈɄɈɅɇȺɌȺɋɊȿȾȺ
Ʉɨɝɚɬɨɟɜɴɡɦɨɠɧɨɢɡɛɹɝɜɚɣɬɟɩɪɟɞɜɚɪɢɬɟɥɧɨɬɨɡɚɝɪɹɜɚɧɟɧɚɮɭɪɧɚɬɚɉɨɜɪɟɦɟɧɚɝɨɬɜɟɧɟɨɬɜɚɪɹɣɬɟɜɪɚɬɚɬɚɧɚɮɭɪɧɚɬɚɜɴɡɦɨɠɧɨɧɚɣɦɚɥɤɨɡɚɳɨɬɨ
ɩɪɢɜɫɹɤɨɨɬɜɚɪɹɧɟɫɟɝɭɛɢɬɨɩɥɢɧɚɁɚɡɧɚɱɢɬɟɥɧɚɢɤɨɧɨɦɢɹɧɚɟɧɟɪɝɢɹɢɡɤɥɸɱɟɬɟɮɭɪɧɚɬɚ±ɦɢɧɭɬɢɩɪɟɞɢɩɥɚɧɢɪɚɧɢɹɬɤɪɚɣɧɚɜɪɟɦɟɬɨɡɚɝɨɬɜɟɧɟɢ
ɢɡɩɨɥɡɜɚɣɬɟɨɫɬɚɬɴɱɧɚɬɚɬɨɩɥɢɧɚɤɨɹɬɨɮɭɪɧɚɬɚɩɪɨɞɴɥɠɚɜɚɞɚɝɟɧɟɪɢɪɚɁɚɞɚɢɡɛɟɝɧɟɬɟɡɚɝɭɛɚɧɚɬɨɩɥɢɧɚɩɨɞɞɴɪɠɚɣɬɟɱɢɫɬɢɢɜɪɟɞɭɩɥɴɬɧɟɧɢɹɬɚɧɚ
ɮɭɪɧɚɬɚȺɤɨɢɦɚɬɟɪɚɡɥɢɱɧɢɬɚɪɢɮɢɡɚɟɥɟɤɬɪɢɱɟɫɤɚɬɚɟɧɟɪɝɢɹɢɡɩɨɥɡɜɚɣɬɟɨɬɥɨɠɟɧɢɹɬɫɬɚɪɬɡɚɞɚɫɬɚɪɬɢɪɚɬɟɝɨɬɜɟɧɟɬɨɧɚɩɨɧɢɫɤɚɬɚɬɚɪɢɮɚ
ȻȽ
ɁȿɅȿɇɑɍɄɈȼɂɄȿɄɋɑȿɌȺ
ɉɪɨɞɭɤɬɢ
‡ɱɟɪɜɧɚɱɭɲɤɚ
‡ɝɬɢɤɜɢɱɤɢ
‡ɠɴɥɬɚɱɭɲɤɚ
‡ɝɤɚɪɬɨɮɢ
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