Garmin | Compact Reactor™ 40 Hydraulic Autopilot with GHC™ 20 and Shadow Drive™ Technology Pack | Installation instructions | Garmin Compact Reactor™ 40 Hydraulic Autopilot with GHC™ 20 and Shadow Drive™ Technology Pack Installation Instructions

Garmin Compact Reactor™ 40 Hydraulic Autopilot with GHC™ 20 and Shadow Drive™ Technology Pack Installation Instructions
REACTOR™ 40 COMPACT
HYDRAULIC
Installation Instructions
Important Safety Information
WARNING
See the Important Safety and Product Information guide in the
product box for product warnings and other important
information.
You are responsible for the safe and prudent operation of your
vessel. The autopilot is a tool that enhances your capability to
operate your boat. It does not relieve you of the responsibility of
safely operating your boat. Avoid navigational hazards and
never leave the helm unattended.
Always be prepared to promptly regain manual control of your
boat.
Learn to operate the autopilot on calm and hazard-free open
water.
Use caution when operating the autopilot near hazards in the
water, such as docks, pilings, and other boats.
CAUTION
When in use, beware of hot motor and solenoid components
and the risk of entrapment from moving parts.
Failure to install and maintain this equipment in accordance with
these instructions could result in damage or injury.
NOTICE
To avoid damage to your boat, the autopilot system should be
installed by a qualified marine installer. Specific knowledge of
hydraulic steering componentry and marine electrical systems is
required for proper installation.
Registering Your Device
Help us better support you by completing our online registration
today. Keep the original sales receipt, or a photocopy, in a safe
place.
1 Go to garmin.com/express .
2 Sign in to your Garmin account.
®
Installation Preparation
The autopilot system consists of multiple components. You
should familiarize yourself with all of the component mounting
and connection considerations before beginning installation. You
must know how the components operate together in order to
correctly plan the installation on your boat.
You can consult the layout diagrams (Power and Data Layout,
page 2) to help understand the mounting and connection
considerations.
You should lay out all of the components on the boat as you
plan the installation to make sure your cables will reach each
component. If needed, extension cables (sold separately) for
various components are available from your Garmin dealer or
from www.garmin.com.
You should record the serial number of each component for
registration and warranty purposes.
Tools Needed
•
•
•
•
Safety glasses
Drill and drill bits
Wrenches
90 mm (3.5 in.) hole saw or a rotary cutting tool (for installing
an optional helm control)
•
•
•
•
Wire cutters/strippers
Phillips and flat screwdrivers
Cable ties
Single Pole Single Throw (SPST) switch (to use as an
autopilot bypass when not installing the Shadow Drive™
valve)
• Waterproof wire connectors (wire nuts) or heat-shrink tubing
and a heat gun
• Marine sealant
• Marine corrosion inhibitor spray
• Portable or handheld compass (to test for magnetic
interference)
• Hydraulic hose with machine-crimped or field-replaceable
fittings that have a minimum rating of 1000 psi
• Hydraulic T-fittings
• Hydraulic fluid
• Thread sealant
• Hydraulic bleeding equipment
NOTE: Mounting screws are provided for the main components
of the autopilot system. If the provided screws are not
appropriate for the mounting surface, you must provide the
correct types of screws.
Mounting and Connection Considerations
The autopilot components connect to each other and to power
using the included cables. Ensure that the correct cables reach
each component and that each component is in an acceptable
location before mounting or wiring any components.
CCU Mounting and Connection Considerations
• The CCU is the primary sensor of the Reactor 40 Compact
Hydraulic autopilot system. For best performance, observe
these considerations when selecting a mounting location.
◦ A handheld compass should be used to test for magnetic
interference in the area where the CCU is to be
mounted(Testing a Location for Magnetic Interference,
page 2).
◦ The CCU should be mounted on a rigid surface for best
performance.
• Mounting screws are provided with the CCU. If you use
mounting hardware other than the provided screws, the
hardware must be quality stainless or brass material to avoid
magnetic interference with the CCU.
Test any mounting hardware with a handheld compass to
make sure no magnetic fields are present in the hardware.
• The CCU cable connects the CCU to the ECU and is 5 m
(16 ft.) long.
◦ If the CCU cannot be mounted within 5 m (16 ft.) of the
ECU, extension cables are available from your local
Garmin dealer or at www.garmin.com.
◦ This cable must not be cut.
Finding the Best Mounting Location
1 Create a list of all suitable mounting locations for the CCU.
Suitable mounting locations should not be within 60 cm (2 ft.)
of the following:
• Iron
• Magnets
• High-current wires
• Intermittently-running pumps, such as head pumps and
live well pumps
A large magnet, such as a subwoofer-speaker magnet,
should be no closer than 1.5 m (5 ft.) to any of the mounting
locations.
October 2017
190-02316-02_0A
2 Locate the center of rotation of the boat, and measure the
distance between the center of rotation and each of the
suitable mounting locations you listed in step 1.
3 Select the location closest to the center of rotation.
If more than one location is approximately the same distance
from the center of rotation, you should select the location that
best meets these considerations.
• The best location is closest to the centerline of the boat.
• The best location is lower in the boat.
• The best location is slightly forward in the boat.
Testing a Location for Magnetic Interference
You can use a handheld compass to test a mounting location for
magnetic interference.
1 Hold a handheld compass in the CCU mounting location.
2 Move the compass six inches to the left of the location, then
six inches to the right, observe the needle, and select an
action:
• If the compass needle moves more than three degrees
during this step, magnetic interference is present. Select a
new mounting location and repeat the test.
• If the compass needle does not move, or moves less than
three degrees, proceed to the next step.
3 Repeat this process while moving the compass above and
below the mounting location.
4 Repeat this process while moving the compass in front of and
behind the mounting location.
ECU Mounting and Connection Considerations
• The ECU can be mounted on a flat surface, facing any
direction.
• Mounting screws are included with the ECU, but you may
need to provide different screws if the supplied screws are
not suitable for the mounting surface.
• The ECU must be mounted within 0.5 m (19 in.) of the pump.
◦ The cables connecting the ECU to the pump cannot be
extended.
• The ECU must be mounted in a location where it will not be
submerged or exposed to wash down.
• The ECU power cable connects to the boat battery, and it
can be extended if needed (Power Cable Extensions,
page 5).
Pump Mounting Considerations
Consult the hydraulic-layout diagrams in these instructions to
help determine the pump-installation location (Hydraulic
Layouts, page 4).
• The pump must be mounted at a location to which you can
extend the hydraulic steering lines of the boat.
• The pump should be mounted horizontally if possible.
• If the pump must be mounted vertically, with the hydraulic
connections facing upward.
Shadow Drive Mounting Considerations
NOTE: The Shadow Drive is a sensor you install in the hydraulic
steering lines of your boat. It detects when you manually take
control of the helm and suspends autopilot control of the boat.
NOTE: If your autopilot package does not include a Shadow
Drive, you should install a manual switch to disable the autopilot
if needed.
• The Shadow Drive must be mounted horizontally and as level
as possible, with cable ties firmly securing it in place.
• The Shadow Drive must be mounted at least 305 mm (12 in.)
away from magnetic materials or devices, such as speakers
or electric motors.
• The Shadow Drive should be mounted closer to the helm
than to the pump.
2
• The Shadow Drive should be mounted lower than the lowest
helm, but higher than the pump.
• The Shadow Drive must not be connected directly to the
fitting at the back of the helm. There must be a length of hose
between the fitting at the helm and the Shadow Drive.
• The Shadow Drive must not be connected directly to a
hydraulic T-connector in the hydraulic line. There must be a
length of hose between a T-connector and the Shadow Drive.
• In a single-helm installation, there must not be a T-connector
between the helm and the Shadow Drive.
• In a dual-helm installation, the Shadow Drive should be
installed between the pump and the hydraulic T-connector
that leads to the upper and lower helm, closer to the Tconnector than to the pump.
• The Shadow Drive must be installed in either the starboard
steering line or the port steering line.
The Shadow Drive must not be installed in either the return
line or the high-pressure line, if applicable.
Autopilot Switch Mounting and Connection Considerations
If your autopilot package does not include a Shadow Drive
valve, you should install a manual Single Pole Single Throw
(SPST) switch (not included) to disable the autopilot if
necessary.
The switch should be installed near the primary helm, so it is
easily accessible when operating the boat.
The switch should be connected to the same wires that connect
a Shadow Drive valve.
If needed, the wires can be extended with 28 AWG (0.08 mm2)
wire.
Alarm Mounting and Connection Considerations
• The alarm should be mounted near the primary helm station.
• The alarm can be mounted under the dashboard.
• If needed, the alarm wires can be extended with 28 AWG
(0.08 mm2) wire.
NMEA 2000 Connection Considerations
• The CCU and the helm control must connect to a NMEA
2000 network.
• If your boat does not already have a NMEA 2000 network,
one can be built using the included NMEA 2000 cables and
connectors (Building a Basic NMEA 2000 Network for the
Autopilot System, page 7).
• To use the advanced features of the autopilot, optional
NMEA 2000 devices, such as a wind sensor, a water-speed
sensor, or a GPS device, can be connected to the NMEA
2000 network.
®
Power and Data Layout
WARNING
When connecting the power cable, do not remove the in-line
fuse holder. To prevent the possibility of injury or product
damage caused by fire or overheating, the appropriate fuse
must be in place as indicated in the product specifications. In
addition, connecting the power cable without the appropriate
fuse in place voids the product warranty.
Item Description
Important Considerations
Ç
CCU cable
To extend this cable to reach the ECU, you may
need to use cable extensions (sold separately)
(CCU Mounting and Connection Considerations,
page 1).
You must connect this cable to the alarm and
the Shadow Drive valve.
È
Pump
The pump must be located within 0.5 m (19 in.)
of the ECU.
The cables connecting the pump to the ECU
cannot be extended.
É
Alarm
The alarm provides audible alerts from the
autopilot system, and you should install it near
the primary helm station (Installing the Alarm,
page 6).
Shadow Drive
valve (optional)
Autopilot
switch (not
included)
You must install the Shadow Drive valve
properly in the hydraulic steering line, and
connect it to the CCU cable (Installing the
Shadow Drive Valve, page 6).
If your autopilot package does not include a
Shadow Drive valve, you should install a manual
Single Pole Single Throw (SPST) switch (not
included) to disable the autopilot if necessary.
Component Layout
Item Description
Important Considerations
Helm control
(or compatible
Garmin
chartplotter)
A dedicated helm control is not included in all
autopilot packages. If you install the autopilot
without a dedicated helm control, the autopilot
CCU must be connected to the same NMEA
2000 network as a compatible Garmin
chartplotter to configure and control the autopilot
system.
Helm control
data cable
You should install this cable only if you are
connecting the autopilot to optional NMEA 0183
devices, such as a wind sensor, a water-speed
sensor, or a GPS device (NMEA 0183
Connection Considerations, page 8).
Â
NMEA 2000
power cable
You should install this cable only if you are
building a NMEA 2000 network. Do not install
this cable if there is an existing NMEA 2000
network on your boat.
You must connect the NMEA 2000 power cable
to a 9 to 16 Vdc power source.
Ã
NMEA 2000
network
You must connect the helm control or
compatible Garmin chartplotter and the CCU to
a NMEA 2000 network using the included Tconnectors (NMEA 2000 Connection
Considerations, page 2).
If there is not an existing NMEA 2000 network
on your boat, you can build one using the
supplied cables and connectors (Building a
Basic NMEA 2000 Network for the Autopilot
System, page 7).
À
Á
Single-Helm Layout
®
NOTE: This diagram is for planning purposes only. If needed,
specific connection diagrams are included in the detailed
installation instructions for each component.
Hydraulic connections are not shown in this diagram.
Item Description
À
Helm control
®
Ä
ECU
The ECU must be located within 0.5 m (19 in.) of
the pump.
The cables connecting the ECU to the pump
cannot be extended.
Å
CCU
You can mount the CCU in a non-submerged
location near the center of the boat, in any
orientation (CCU Mounting and Connection
Considerations, page 1).
Mount the CCU away from sources of magnetic
interference.
Æ
ECU power
cable
You must connect the ECU to a 12 to 24 Vdc
power source. To extend this cable, use the
correct wire gauge (Power Cable Extensions,
page 5).
Á
Â
Ã
Important Considerations
A dedicated helm control is not included in all
autopilot packages. If you install the autopilot
without a dedicated helm control, the autopilot
CCU must be connected to the same NMEA
2000 network as a compatible Garmin
chartplotter to configure and control the autopilot
system.
Pump
ECU
12 to 24 Vdc
battery
You must connect the ECU to a 12 to 24 Vdc
power source. To extend this cable, use the
correct wire gauge (Power Cable Extensions,
page 5).
You must connect the NMEA 2000 power cable
to a 9 to 16 Vdc power source.
3
Important Considerations
Hydraulic Layouts
Ä
CCU
You can mount the CCU in a non-submerged
location near the center of the boat, in any
orientation (CCU Mounting and Connection
Considerations, page 1).
Mount the CCU away from sources of magnetic
interference.
NOTICE
If the steering system in your boat does not match any of the
hydraulic layouts in this manual and you are unsure how to
install the pump, contact Garmin Product Support.
Å
NMEA 2000
network
You must connect the helm control or compatible
Garmin chartplotter and the CCU to a NMEA
2000 network using the included T-connectors
(NMEA 2000 Connection Considerations,
page 2).
If there is not an existing NMEA 2000 network on
your boat, you can build one using the supplied
cables and connectors (Building a Basic NMEA
2000 Network for the Autopilot System,
page 7).
Item Description
®
Dual-Helm Layout Guidelines
Before you start the pump installation, identify the type of
hydraulic steering system in your boat. Each boat is different,
and you must consider certain aspects of the existing hydraulic
layout before deciding where to mount the pump.
Important Considerations
• The three hydraulic ports on the pump are 1/4 in. NPT.
• Garmin recommends using T-connectors to connect the
hydraulic lines to the pump.
• To allow for easy pump disabling and removal, Garmin
recommends installing shut-off valves in the hydraulic lines
between the pump manifold and T-connectors.
• Teflon tape must not be used on any hydraulic fitting.
• An appropriate thread sealant should be used on all pipe
threads in the hydraulic system.
®
Single-Helm Layout
NOTE: This diagram is for planning purposes only. If needed,
specific connection diagrams are included in the detailed
installation instructions for each component.
Hydraulic connections are not shown in this diagram.
Item Description
À
Á
Â
Ã
Ä
Helm control
12 to 24 Vdc
battery
Important Considerations
A dedicated helm control is not included in all
autopilot packages. If you install the autopilot
without a dedicated helm control, the autopilot
CCU must be connected to the same NMEA
2000 network as a compatible Garmin
chartplotter to configure and control the autopilot
system.
You must connect the ECU to a 12 to 24 Vdc
power source. To extend this cable, use the
correct wire gauge (Power Cable Extensions,
page 5).
You must connect the NMEA 2000 power cable
to a 9 to 16 Vdc power source.
Pump
Shadow Drive valve
Starboard line
Return line
Pump
Port line
Shut-off valves
Helm
Steering cylinder
Dual-Helm Layout
ECU
NMEA 2000
network
À
Á
Â
Ã
Ä
Å
Æ
Ç
You must connect the helm control or compatible
Garmin chartplotter and the CCU to a NMEA
2000 network using the included T-connectors
(NMEA 2000 Connection Considerations,
page 2).
If there is not an existing NMEA 2000 network on
your boat, you can build one using the supplied
cables and connectors (Building a Basic NMEA
2000 Network for the Autopilot System,
page 7).
®
Å
CCU
You can mount the CCU in a non-submerged
location near the center of the boat, in any
orientation (CCU Mounting and Connection
Considerations, page 1).
Mount the CCU away from sources of magnetic
interference.
À
Á
4
Return line
Shadow Drive valve
Â
Ã
Ä
Å
Æ
Ç
È
Starboard line
Port line
Shut-off valves
Pump
Upper helm
Lower helm
Steering cylinder
Installation Procedures
CAUTION
Always wear safety goggles, ear protection, and a dust mask
when drilling, cutting, or sanding.
NOTICE
When drilling or cutting, always check what is on the opposite
side of the surface.
After you have planned the autopilot installation on your boat
and satisfied all of the mounting and wiring considerations for
your particular installation, you can begin mounting and
connecting the components.
Helm Control Installation
A dedicated helm control is not included in all autopilot
packages. If you install the autopilot without a dedicated helm
control, the autopilot CCU must be connected to the same
NMEA 2000 network as a compatible Garmin chartplotter to
configure and control the autopilot system.
Detailed mounting instructions are included in the helm control
box.
Mounting the CCU
1 Determine the mounting location.
2 Using the CCU as a template, mark the two pilot hole
You should connect the ECU power cable directly to the boat
battery, if possible. Although it is not recommended, if you
connect the power cable to a terminal block or other source, you
must connect it through a 40 A fuse.
If you plan to route the ECU power through a breaker or a switch
near the helm, you should consider using an appropriately sized
relay and control wire instead of extending the ECU power
cable.
1 Route the connector-terminated end of the ECU power cable
to the ECU, but do not connect it to the ECU.
2 Route the bare-wire end of the ECU power cable to the boat
battery.
If the wire is not long enough, it can be extended (Power
Cable Extensions, page 5).
3 Connect the black wire (-) to the negative (-) terminal of the
battery, and connect the red wire (+) to the positive (+)
terminal of the battery.
4 After you install all of the other autopilot components,
connect the power cable to the ECU.
Power Cable Extensions
If necessary, you can extend the power cable using the
appropriate wire gauge for the length of the extension.
Item
À
Á
Â
Description
Fuse
Battery
9 ft. (2.7 m) no extension
locations on the mounting surface.
3 Using a 3 mm (1/8 in.) bit, drill the pilot holes.
4 Use the included screws to attach the CCU to the mounting
surface.
NOTE: If you use mounting hardware other than the provided
screws, the hardware must be quality stainless or brass
material to avoid magnetic interference with the CCU.
Test any mounting hardware with a handheld compass to
make sure no magnetic fields are present in the hardware.
ECU Installation
Mounting the ECU
Before you can mount the ECU, you must select a location and
determine the correct mounting hardware (ECU Mounting and
Connection Considerations, page 2).
1 Hold the ECU in the intended mounting location and mark the
locations of the mounting holes on the mounting surface,
using the ECU as a template.
2 Using a drill bit appropriate for the mounting surface and
selected mounting hardware, drill the four holes through the
mounting surface.
3 Secure the ECU to the mounting surface using the selected
mounting hardware.
Connecting the ECU to Power
WARNING
When connecting the power cable, do not remove the in-line
fuse holder. To prevent the possibility of injury or product
damage caused by fire or overheating, the appropriate fuse
must be in place as indicated in the product specifications. In
addition, connecting the power cable without the appropriate
fuse in place voids the product warranty.
Item
À
Á
Â
Ã
Ä
Å
Æ
Item
À
Á
Â
Ã
Ä
Å
Æ
Description
Splice
10 AWG (5.26 mm²) extension wire
Fuse
8 in. (20.3 cm)
Battery
8 in. (20.3 cm)
Up to 15 ft. (4.6 m)
Description
Splice
8 AWG (8.36 mm²) extension wire
Fuse
8 in. (20.3 cm)
Battery
8 in. (20.3 cm)
Up to 23 ft. (7 m)
5
If the cable is not long enough, extend the appropriate wires
with 0.08 mm2 (28 AWG) wire.
Installing the Shadow Drive Valve
Item
À
Á
Â
Ã
Ä
Å
Æ
Description
Splice
6 AWG (13.29 mm²) extension wire
Fuse
8 in. (20.3 cm)
Battery
8 in. (20.3 cm)
Up to 36 ft. (11 m)
Pump Installation
Mounting the Pump
Before you can mount the pump, you must select a location
(Pump Mounting Considerations, page 2) and determine the
correct mounting hardware (Tools Needed, page 1).
1 Hold the pump in the intended mounting location and mark
the locations of the mounting holes on the mounting surface,
using the pump as a template.
2 Using a drill bit appropriate for the mounting surface and
selected mounting hardware, drill the four holes through the
mounting surface.
3 Secure the pump to the mounting surface using the selected
mounting hardware.
Connecting the Hydraulic Lines to the Pump
For assistance, see the layout diagrams (Hydraulic Layouts,
page 4).
1 Disconnect the necessary lines from the hydraulic system.
2 Add a T-connector to the starboard and port lines of the
system between the helm and the steering cylinder.
NOTE: If the boat has a power-assist module, you must add
the T-connectors between the power-assist module and the
steering cylinder.
3 Complete an action:
• If the boat does not have a return line connected to the
helm, add enough hydraulic hose to connect the return
fitting on the helm to the center pump fitting.
• If the boat has a return line connected to the helm, add a
T-connector to the return line. If the return line is
connected to a power-assist module, you must add the Tconnector to the return line between the power-assist
module and the helm.
4 Add hydraulic hose to the unused fitting on each T-connector,
with enough hose to connect the T-connector to the pump
fittings.
5 Connect the port and starboard line T-connectors to the
appropriate pump fittings, as shown in the layout diagram for
your hydraulic configuration.
Install
the Shadow Drive valve in the port or starboard
6
hydraulic line between the helm and the T-connector that
connects to the pump (Installing the Shadow Drive Valve,
page 6).
7 Install a shut-off valve (not included) on each hydraulic line
that connects directly to the pump.
Connecting the CCU
Route the orange and blue wires from the bare-wire portion
of the CCU cable to the location where you plan to install the
alarm (Installing the Alarm, page 6).
6
Connecting the Shadow Drive Valve to the Hydraulic
System
Before you can install the Shadow Drive valve, you must select
a location at which to connect the Shadow Drive to the hydraulic
steering of your boat (Shadow Drive Mounting Considerations,
page 2).
For further assistance, consult the hydraulic-layout diagrams
(Hydraulic Layouts, page 4).
Use hydraulic connectors (not included) to install the Shadow
Drive valve in the appropriate hydraulic line.
Connecting the Shadow Drive Valve to the CCU
1 Route the bare-wire end of the CCU cable to the Shadow
Drive valve.
If the cable is not long enough, extend the appropriate wires
with 28 AWG (0.08 mm²) wire.
2 Connect the cables, based on this table.
Shadow Drive Valve Wire Color
CCU Cable Wire Color
Red (+)
Brown (+)
Black (-)
Black (-)
3 Solder and cover all bare-wire connections.
Installing an Autopilot Switch
If your autopilot package does not include a Shadow Drive
valve, you should install a manual Single Pole Single Throw
(SPST) switch (not included) to disable the autopilot if
necessary.
1 Route the bare-wire end of the CCU cable to the switch.
If the cable is not long enough, extend the appropriate wires
with 28 AWG (0.08 mm²) wire.
2 Connect the cables, based on this table.
Switch Wire Function
CCU Cable Wire Color
Positive (+)
Brown (+)
Negative (-)
Black (-)
3 Solder and cover all bare-wire connections.
The autopilot functions correctly when the switch contacts are
closed. Opening the switch disables the autopilot for manual
steering.
Installing the Alarm
Before you can mount the alarm, you must select a mounting
location (Alarm Mounting and Connection Considerations,
page 2).
1 Route the alarm cable to the bare-wire end of the CCU cable.
If the cable is not long enough, extend the appropriate wires
with 28 AWG (0.08 mm2) wire.
2 Connect the cables, based on this table.
Alarm Wire Color
CCU Cable Wire Color
White (+)
Orange (+)
Black (-)
Blue (-)
3 Solder and cover all bare-wire connections.
4 Secure the alarm with cable ties or other mounting hardware
(not included).
NMEA 2000 and the Autopilot Components
A dedicated helm control is not included in all autopilot
packages. If you install the autopilot without a dedicated helm
control, the autopilot CCU must be connected to the same
NMEA 2000 network as a compatible Garmin chartplotter to
configure and control the autopilot system.
NOTICE
If you are connecting this device to an existing NMEA 2000
network, the NMEA 2000 network should already be connected
to power. Do not connect the NMEA 2000 power cable to an
existing NMEA 2000 network, because only one power source
should be connected to a NMEA 2000 network.
If you are connecting this device to an existing NMEA 2000
network or engine network by another manufacturer, you should
install a NMEA 2000 Power Isolator (010-11580-00) between
the existing network and the Garmin devices.
You can connect the CCU and the optional helm control through
an existing NMEA 2000 network. If you do not have an existing
NMEA 2000 network on your boat, all the parts needed to build
one are supplied in the autopilot package (Building a Basic
NMEA 2000 Network for the Autopilot System, page 7).
To use the advanced features of the autopilot, optional NMEA
2000 devices, such as a GPS device, can be connected to the
NMEA 2000 network.
If you are unfamiliar with NMEA 2000, you should read the
“NMEA 2000 Network Fundamentals” chapter of the Technical
Reference for NMEA 2000 Products. To download this
document, select Manuals on the product page for your device
at www.garmin.com.
5 Connect the other included NMEA 2000 drop cable to the
other T-connector and to the CCU Æ.
6 Connect the male and female terminators Ç to each end of
the combined T-connectors.
Connecting the Autopilot Components to an Existing NMEA
2000 Network
A dedicated helm control is not included in all autopilot
packages. If you install the autopilot without a dedicated helm
control, the autopilot CCU must be connected to the same
NMEA 2000 network as a compatible Garmin chartplotter to
configure and control the autopilot system.
1 Determine where to connect the CCU À and the helm control
(optional) Á to your existing NMEA 2000 backbone Â.
Building a Basic NMEA 2000 Network for the Autopilot
System
NOTICE
If you are installing a NMEA 2000 power cable, you must
connect it to the boat ignition switch or through another in-line
switch. NMEA 2000 devices will drain your battery if the NMEA
2000 power cable is connected to the battery directly.
A dedicated helm control is not included in all autopilot
packages. If you install the autopilot without a dedicated helm
control, the autopilot CCU must be connected to the same
NMEA 2000 network as a compatible Garmin chartplotter to
configure and control the autopilot system.
1 Connect the three T-connectors À together side-by-side.
2 In the location where you plan to connect the CCU,
disconnect one side of a NMEA 2000 T-connector à from the
network.
3 If necessary, connect a NMEA 2000 backbone extension
4
5
6
7
2 Connect the included NMEA 2000 power cable Á to a 9 to
12 Vdc power source  through a switch Ã.
You should connect the power cable to the ignition switch of
the boat if possible, or route it through an inline switch (not
included).
NOTE: The braided drain wire (bare) on the NMEA 2000
power cable must be connected to the same ground as the
black wire on the NMEA 2000 power cable.
3 Connect the NMEA 2000 power cable to one of the Tconnectors.
4 Connect one of the included NMEA 2000 drop cables Ä to
one of the T-connectors and to the helm control (optional) or
to a compatible Garmin chartplotter Å.
cable (not included) to the side of the disconnected Tconnector to extend the NMEA 2000 network backbone.
Add an included T‑connector for the CCU to the NMEA 2000
backbone by connecting it to the side of the disconnected
T‑connector or backbone extension cable.
Route the included drop cable Ä to the CCU and to the
bottom of the T-connector added in step 4.
If the included drop cable is not long enough, you can use a
drop cable up to 6 m (20 ft.) long (not included).
Connect the drop cable to the CCU and the T-connector.
If needed, repeat steps 2 through 6 for the helm control
(optional) or a compatible Garmin chartplotter.
Connecting Optional NMEA 2000 Devices to the
Autopilot System
You can use advanced features of the autopilot system by
connecting optional NMEA 2000 compatible devices, such as a
GPS device, to the NMEA 2000 network.
NOTE: You can connect optional devices that are not NMEA
2000 compatible to the helm control through NMEA 0183
(NMEA 0183 Connection Considerations, page 8).
1 Add an additional T-connector (not included) to the NMEA
2000 network.
2 Connect the optional NMEA 2000 device to the T-connector
by following the instructions provided with the device.
7
Bleeding the Hydraulics
NOTICE
This is a general procedure for bleeding a hydraulic steering
system. Refer to the instructions provided by the manufacturer
of the steering system for more-specific information about
bleeding the system.
Before you bleed the hydraulic system, you should verify that all
hose connections are complete and fully tightened.
1 Select an option:
• If the helm reservoir contains insufficient fluid, fill it as
needed.
• If the helm reservoir contains excess fluid, remove the
excess to avoid fluid overflow during the bleeding process.
2 Insert a bypass hose between the cylinder bleed ports.
TIP: If you use a clear plastic hose for this bypass, you can
observe air bubbles during the bleeding processes.
3 Manually steer the helm fully to port.
4 Open both bypass valves at the cylinder fittings.
5 Manually turn the helm slowly to port over three minutes.
TIP: You can stop turning when you no longer see air moving
through the bypass hose.
6 Turn on the autopilot system and disable the Shadow Drive.
You can refer to the autopilot system documentation for more
information on disabling the Shadow Drive.
(port) on the helm control for at least 10 seconds.
7 Hold
TIP: You can stop holding
when you no longer see air
moving through the bypass hose.
8 Close both bypass valves at the cylinder fittings.
9 If necessary, add fluid to the helm reservoir.
10 Repeat steps 3 through 9 for the starboard side.
(port) on the helm control until steering stops and
11 Hold
Hydraulic Pump Stall is shown on the helm control.
(starboard) on the helm control until steering stops
12 Hold
and Hydraulic Pump Stall is shown on the helm control.
13 Select an option:
• If Hydraulic Pump Stall is not shown within 2 to 3
seconds after the cylinder stops, repeat steps 1-13 to
bleed the system again.
• If Hydraulic Pump Stall is shown within 2 to 3 seconds
after the cylinder stops, the system bleed completed
successfully.
After hydraulic bleeding is complete, you can re-enable the
Shadow Drive.
Configuration
The autopilot must be configured and tuned to your boat
dynamics. You can use the Dockside Wizard and the Sea Trial
Wizard on the helm control or a compatible Garmin chartplotter
to configure the autopilot.
See the included configuration guide for more information on
configuring the autopilot.
Appendix
NMEA 0183 Connection Diagrams
The helm control is not included in all autopilot packages. A
helm control must be installed in your autopilot system to
connect NMEA 0183 devices according to these diagrams. If
you install the autopilot without a helm control, all NMEA devices
you plan to use with the autopilot system must be connected to
a compatible Garmin chartplotter on the same NMEA 2000
network as the CCU. See the installation instructions provided
with your chartplotter for NMEA 0183 connection information.
8
These wiring diagrams are examples of different situations you
may encounter when connecting your NMEA 0183 device to the
helm control.
NMEA 0183 Connection Considerations
• There is one internal NMEA 0183 input port (RX port) and
one internal NMEA 0183 output port (TX port) on the included
NMEA 0183 data cable. You can connect one NMEA 0183
device to the internal RX port to input data to this Garmin
device, and you can connect up to three NMEA 0183 devices
in parallel to the internal TX port to receive data output by this
Garmin device.
• See the installation instructions for the NMEA 0183 device to
identify the transmit (TX) and receive (RX) wires.
• The device provides one TX port and one RX port. Each
internal port has 2 wires, labeled A and B according to the
NMEA 0183 convention. The corresponding A and B wires of
each internal port should be connected to the A (+) and B (-)
wires of the NMEA 0183 device.
• You must use 28 AWG, shielded, twisted-pair wiring for
extended runs of wire. Solder all connections and seal them
with heat-shrink tubing.
• Do not connect the NMEA 0183 data wires from this device
to power ground.
• The power cable from this device and the NMEA 0183
devices must be connected to a common power ground.
• See Specifications, page 9 for a list of the approved NMEA
0183 sentences that are output by and input to this device.
• The internal NMEA 0183 ports and communication protocols
are configured on the connected Garmin device. See the
NMEA 0183 section of the chartplotter owner's manual for
more information.
Two-Way NMEA 0183 Communication
À
Á
Â
Ã
NMEA 2000 network (provides power to the helm control)
12 Vdc power source
Helm control
NMEA 0183 compatible device
Wire Helm Control Wire Color —
Function
Ê
Ë
Ì
Í
Î
Ï
NMEA 0183 Compatible
Device Wire Function
N/A
Power
N/A
NMEA 0183 ground
Blue — Tx/A (+)
Rx/A (+)
White — Tx/B (-)
Rx/B (-)
Brown — Rx/A (+)
Tx/A (+)
Green — Rx/B (-)
Tx/B (-)
NOTE: When connecting a NMEA 0183 device with two
transmitting and two receiving lines, you do not need to connect
the NMEA 2000 bus and the NMEA 0183 device to a common
ground.
Only One Receiving Wire
If your NMEA 0183 compatible device has only one receiving
wire (Rx), you must connect it to the blue wire (Tx/A) from the
helm control, and leave the white wire (Tx/B) from the helm
control unconnected.
Wire Helm Control Wire Color —
Function
Ì
Í
Î
NMEA 0183 Compatible
Device Wire Function
Blue — Tx/A (+)
Rx/A (+)
White — Tx/B (-)
Rx/B (-)
Brown — Rx/A (+)
Tx/A (+)
NOTE: When connecting a NMEA 0183 device with only one
transmitting (Tx) line, you must connect the NMEA 2000 bus
and the NMEA 0183 device to a common ground.
Specifications
Compact Pump
À
Á
Â
Ã
Measurement
Dimensions (H × W × D)
84.6 x 100.3 x 155.3 mm (3.3 × 4.0 ×
6.1 in.)
Weight
2.2 kg (5 lb.)
Temperature range
From -15° to 75°C (from 5° to 167°F )
Material
• Motor frame: Powder coat gloss black
• Motor end caps: Cast aluminum ADC12
• Pump body and cap: Anodized die cast
ADC12
• Mounting bracket: 304 stainless steel
NMEA 2000 network (provides power to the helm control)
12 Vdc power source
Helm control
NMEA 0183 compatible device
Wire Helm Control Wire Color —
Function
Ê
Ë
Ì
Í
Î
Ï
Specification
ECU cable length
NMEA 0183 Compatible
Device Wire Function
Input voltage
the ECU)
0.6 m (24 in.)
(from
Main power usage (from
the ECU)
13.8 Vdc max.
• Standby: Less than 1 A
• Engaged: From 5 to 10 A
• Peak: 34 A
N/A
Power
N/A
NMEA 0183 ground
Blue — Tx/A (+)
Rx
White — unconnected
N/A
CCU
Brown — Rx/A (+)
Tx/A (+)
Green — Rx/B (-)
Tx/B (-)
Specification
Measurement
Dimensions (L × W × H)
170 × 90 × 50 mm (6.7 × 3.5 × 2 in.)
Weight
200 g (7 oz.)
Temperature range
From -15° to 70°C (from 5° to 158°F)
Material
Fully gasketed, high-impact plastic
Water resistance
IEC 60529 IPX7*
NMEA 2000 input voltage
From 9 to 16 Vdc
NMEA 2000 LEN
4 (200 mA)
NOTE: When connecting a NMEA 0183 device with only one
receiving (Rx) line, you must connect the NMEA 2000 bus and
the NMEA 0183 device to a common ground.
Only One Transmitting Wire
If your NMEA 0183 compatible device has only one transmitting
wire (Tx), it must be connected to the brown wire (Rx/A) from the
helm control, and the green wire (Rx/B) from the helm control
must be connected to NMEA 0183 ground.
*The device withstands incidental exposure to water of up to 1 m for up
to 30 min. For more information, go to www.garmin.com/waterrating.
ECU
À
Á
Â
Ã
NMEA 2000 network (provides power to the helm control)
12 Vdc power source
Helm control
NMEA 0183-compatible device
Wire Helm Control Wire Color —
Function
Ê
Ë
Specification
Measurement
Dimensions (W × H × D)
168 × 117 × 51 mm (6.6 × 4.6 × 2 in.)
Weight
680 g (24 oz.)
Temperature range
From -15° to 60°C (from 5° to 140°F)
Material
Fully gasketed, high-impact aluminum
alloy
Water resistance
IEC 60529 IPX7*
Power cable length
2.7 m (9 ft.)
Input voltage
From 11.5 to 30 Vdc
Fuse
40 A, blade-type
Main power usage
1 A (not including the pump)
*The device withstands incidental exposure to water of up to 1 m for up
to 30 min. For more information, go to www.garmin.com/waterrating.
Alarm
NMEA 0183 Compatible
Device Wire Function
Specification
Measurement
Dimensions (L×diameter)
29/
2.4 oz. (68 g)
32
× 1 in. (23 × 25 mm)
N/A
Power
Weight
Green — Rx/B (-) (connect to
NMEA 0183 ground)
NMEA 0183 ground
Temperature range
From 5°F to 140°F (from -15°C to 60°C)
Cable length
10 ft. (3.0 m)
9
NMEA 2000 PGN Information
Type
Sentence
grme
CCU
Type
PGN
Transmit and
receive
059392 ISO acknowledgment
gsa
Description
gsv
rmc
059904 ISO request
bod
060928 ISO address claim
bwc
126208 NMEA: Command/Request/Acknowledge
group function
dtm
126464 Transmit/Receive PGN list group function
rmb
126996 Product information
vhw
127257 Transmit/Receive attitude data
mwv
127251 Transmit/Receive rate of turn
xte
gll
Transmit only
127250 Vessel heading
Receive only
127258 Magnetic variation
Error and Warning Messages
127488 Engine parameters: Rapid update
Error Message
Cause
128259 Water speed
ECU Voltage is Low
The pump supply voltage • Alarm sounds for
has fallen below 10 Vdc
5 seconds
for longer than 6 seconds. • Continues in
normal operation
Autopilot is not
receiving navigation
data. Autopilot placed
in Heading Hold.
The autopilot is no longer
receiving valid navigation
data while performing a
Route To maneuver.
This message also
appears if navigation is
stopped on a chartplotter
before the autopilot is
disengaged.
• Alarm sounds for
5 seconds
• Autopilot
transitions to
heading hold
Connection with
Autopilot Lost
The helm control has lost
connection with the CCU.
N/A
Lost Wind Data
(sailboat only)
The autopilot is no longer
receiving valid wind data.
• Alarm sounds for
5 seconds
• Autopilot
transitions to
heading hold
Low GHC™ Supply
Voltage
The supply voltage level
N/A
has fallen below the value
specified in the low
voltage alarm menu.
Error: ECU High
Voltage
The pump supply voltage • Alarm sounds for
has risen above 33.5 Vdc.
5 seconds
• The ECU shuts
down
129025 Position: Rapid update
129026 COG & SOG: Rapid update
129283 Cross track error
129284 Navigation data
130306 Wind data
Helm Control
Type
PGN
Transmit and
receive
059392 ISO acknowledgment
Description
059904 ISO request
060928 ISO address claim
126208 NMEA: Command/Request/Acknowledge
group function
126464 Transmit/Receive PGN list group function
126996 Product information
Transmit only
128259 Water speed
129025 Position: Rapid update
129026 COG & SOG: Rapid update
129283 Cross track error
129284 Navigation data
129540 GNSS satellites in view
130306 Wind data
Receive only
127245 Rudder data
127250 Vessel heading
Error: ECU Voltage
The ECU voltage has
has Dropped Rapidly dropped quickly below
7.0 Vdc.
127488 Engine parameters: Rapid update
128259 Water speed
129025 Position: Rapid update
129029 GNSS position data
129283 Cross-track error
129284 Navigation data
129285 Navigation: Route/Waypoint information
130306 Wind data
130576 Small craft status
NMEA 0183 Information
When connected to optional NMEA 0183 compatible devices,
the autopilot uses the following NMEA 0183 sentences.
Type
Sentence
Transmit
hdm
Receive
wpl
gga
10
Error: ECU High
Temperature
Autopilot Action
• Alarm sounds for
5 seconds
• The error is
cleared when the
ECU voltage
rises above
7.3 Vdc.
The ECU temperature has • Alarm sounds for
risen above 100°C
5 seconds
(212°F ).
• The ECU shuts
down
Error: Lost
Communication between • The helm control
Communication
the CCU and the ECU has
beeps, and
Between ECU and
timed out.
autopilot
CCU (when the
transitions to
autopilot is engaged)
standby.
Registering Your Device
Help us better support you by completing our online registration
today. Keep the original sales receipt, or a photocopy, in a safe
place.
1 Go to garmin.com/express .
2 Sign in to your Garmin account.
Contacting Garmin Support
• Go to support.garmin.com for help and information, such as
product manuals, frequently asked questions, videos, and
customer support.
• In the USA, call 913-397-8200 or 1-800-800-1020.
• In the UK, call 0808 238 0000.
• In Europe, call +44 (0) 870 850 1241.
© 2017 Garmin Ltd. or its subsidiaries
Garmin and the Garmin logo are trademarks of Garmin Ltd. or its subsidiaries,
registered in the USA and other countries. Reactor™ and Shadow Drive™ are trademarks
of Garmin Ltd. or its subsidiaries. These trademarks may not be used without the
express permission of Garmin.
®
NMEA , NMEA 2000 , and the NMEA 2000 logo are trademarks of the National Marine
Electronics Association.
®
®
11
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