Garmin | aera® 660 | Guide | Garmin aera® 660 Aera 660 Pilots Guide

Garmin aera® 660 Aera 660 Pilots Guide
™
model: 660
Pilot's Guide
OVERVIEW
NAVIGATION
FLIGHT PLANNING
HAZARD AVOIDANCE
ADDITIONAL FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
Copyright © 2016-2019 Garmin Ltd. or its subsidiaries. All rights reserved.
This manual reflects the operation of System Software version 3.50 or later. Some differences
in operation may be observed when comparing the information in this manual to earlier or
later software versions.
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Hampshire SO40 9LR U.K.
Garmin Corporation, No. 68, Zhangshu 2nd Road, Xizhi District, New Taipei City,
Taiwan
Web Site Address: www.garmin.com
Except as expressly provided herein, no part of this manual may be reproduced, copied,
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without the express written permission of Garmin. Garmin hereby grants permission to
download a single copy of this manual and of any revision to this manual onto a hard
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copyright notice and provided further that any unauthorized commercial distribution of this
manual or any revision hereto is strictly prohibited.
Garmin®, ANT+®, FliteCharts®, SafeTaxi®, and MapSource® are registered trademarks of
Garmin Ltd. or its subsidiaries. aera 660™ is a trademark of Garmin Ltd. or its subsidiaries.
These trademarks may not be used without the express permission of Garmin.
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NavData™ is a trademark of Jeppesen, Inc.
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SOFTWARE LICENSE AGREEMENT
BY USING THE DEVICE, COMPONENT OR SYSTEM MANUFACTURED OR SOLD BY GARMIN
(“THE GARMIN PRODUCT”), YOU AGREE TO BE BOUND BY THE TERMS AND CONDITIONS
OF THE FOLLOWING SOFTWARE LICENSE AGREEMENT. PLEASE READ THIS AGREEMENT
CAREFULLY. Garmin Ltd. and its subsidiaries (“Garmin”) grants you a limited license to use
the software embedded in the Garmin Product (the “Software”) in binary executable form
in the normal operation of the Garmin Product. Title, ownership rights, and intellectual
property rights in and to the Software remain with Garmin and/or its third-party providers.
You acknowledge that the Software is the property of Garmin and/or its third-party providers
and is protected under the United States of America copyright laws and international
copyright treaties. You further acknowledge that the structure, organization, and code of
the Software are valuable trade secrets of Garmin and/or its third-party providers and that
the Software in source code form remains a valuable trade secret of Garmin and/or its
third-party providers. You agree not to reproduce, decompile, disassemble, modify, reverse
assemble, reverse engineer, or reduce to human readable form the Software or any part
thereof or create any derivative works based on the Software. You agree not to export or
re-export the Software to any country in violation of the export control laws of the United
States of America.
TRA
March, 2019
REGISTERED No:
ER47757/16
TA-2016/375
DEALER No:
0015955/08
APPROVED
190-02017-20 Rev. E
Printed in the U.S.A.
Warnings, Cautions & Notes
WARNING: When installing the aera 660™, place the unit so it does not
obstruct the field of view or interfere with operating controls.
WARNING: The indicators represented on the Panel are based on GPS-derived
data and may differ from the instruments in the aircraft.
WARNING: Navigation and terrain separation must NOT be predicated upon
the use of the terrain function. The aera 660 Terrain Proximity feature is NOT
intended to be used as a primary reference for terrain avoidance and does not
relieve the pilot from the responsibility of being aware of surroundings during
flight. The Terrain Proximity feature is only to be used as an aid for terrain
avoidance and is not certified for use in applications requiring a certified
terrain awareness system. Terrain data is obtained from third party sources.
Garmin is not able to independently verify the accuracy of the terrain data.
WARNING: The displayed minimum safe altitudes (MSAs) are only advisory
in nature and should not be relied upon as the sole source of obstacle and
terrain avoidance information. Always refer to current aeronautical charts
for appropriate minimum clearance altitudes.
WARNING: The altitude calculated by the GPS and GLONASS receivers is
geometric height above Mean Sea Level and could vary significantly from
the altitude displayed by pressure altimeters.
WARNING: Do not use outdated database information. Databases used in
the aera 660 system must be updated regularly in order to ensure that the
information remains current. Pilots using any outdated database do so entirely
at their own risk.
WARNING: Do not use data link weather information for maneuvering in,
near, or around areas of hazardous weather. Information contained within
data link weather products may not accurately depict current weather
conditions.
Garmin aera 660 Pilot’s Guide
190-02017-20 Rev. E
Warnings, Cautions & Notes
WARNING: Do not use the indicated data link weather product age to
determine the age of the weather information shown by the data link weather
product. Due to time delays inherent in gathering and processing weather
data for data link transmission, the weather information shown by the data
link weather product may be significantly older than the indicated weather
product age.
WARNING: To reduce the risk of unsafe operation, carefully review and
understand all aspects of the aera 660 Pilot’s Guide documentation and
the Pilot’s Operating Handbook of the aircraft. Thoroughly practice basic
operation prior to actual use. During flight operations, carefully compare
indications from the aera 660 to all available navigation sources, including
the information from other NAVAIDs, visual sightings, charts, etc. For safety
purposes, always resolve any discrepancies before continuing navigation.
WARNING: The Garmin aera 660 has a very high degree of functional integrity.
However, the pilot must recognize that providing monitoring and/or self-test
capability for all conceivable system failures is not practical. Although unlikely,
it may be possible for erroneous operation to occur without a fault indication
shown by the aera 660. It is thus the responsibility of the pilot to detect such
an occurrence by means of cross-checking with all redundant or correlated
information available in the cockpit.
WARNING: For safety reasons, aera 660 operational procedures must be
learned on the ground.
WARNING: The government entities operating the satellite-based navigation
systems (GPS/GLONASS) are solely responsible for their accuracy and
maintenance. The satellite-based navigation systems are subject to changes
which could affect the accuracy and performance of all GPS/GLONASS
equipment. Portions of the system utilize GPS/GLONASS as a precision
electronic NAVigation AID (NAVAID). Therefore, as with all NAVAIDs,
information presented by the system can be misused or misinterpreted and,
therefore, become unsafe.
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Garmin aera 660 Pilot’s Guide
Warnings, Cautions & Notes
WARNING: The data contained in the terrain and obstacle databases comes
from government agencies. Garmin accurately processes and cross-validates
the data, but cannot guarantee the accuracy and completeness of the data.
WARNING: Do not use basemap (land and water data) information for
primary navigation. Basemap data is intended only to supplement other
approved navigation data sources and should be considered as an aid to
enhance situational awareness.
WARNING: Do not rely solely upon the display of traffic information for collision avoidance maneuvering. The traffic display does not provide collision
avoidance resolution advisories and does not, under any circumstances or
conditions, relieve the pilot’s responsibility to see and avoid other aircraft.
WARNING: Do not rely solely upon the display of traffic information to
accurately depict all of the traffic within range of the aircraft. Due to lack
of equipment, poor signal reception, and/or inaccurate information from
aircraft or ground stations, traffic may be present that is not represented on
the display.
CAUTION: The display uses a lens coated with a special coating that is very
sensitive to abrasive cleaners. AVOID CHEMICAL CLEANERS AND SOLVENTS
THAT WILL HARM THE SPECIAL COATING. It is very important when cleaning
the touchscreen to use a clean, lint-free cloth (lightly dampened with water,
if necessary).
CAUTION: The Garmin aera 660 does not contain any user-serviceable
parts. Repairs should only be made by an authorized Garmin service center.
Unauthorized repairs or modifications could void both the warranty and the
pilot’s authority to operate this device under FAA/FCC regulations.
NOTE: All visual depictions contained within this document, including screen
images of the aera 660 panel and displays, are subject to change and may not
reflect the most current aera 660 system and aviation databases. Depictions
of equipment may differ slightly from the actual equipment.
Garmin aera 660 Pilot’s Guide
190-02017-20 Rev. E
Warnings, Cautions & Notes
NOTE: This product, its packaging, and its components contain chemicals
known to the State of California to cause cancer, birth defects, or reproductive
harm. This notice is being provided in accordance with California’s Proposition
65. For questions or additional information, please refer to our web site at
www.garmin.com/prop65.
NOTE: Use of polarized eyewear may cause the display to appear dim or
blank.
NOTE: Temporary Flight Restriction (TFR) data is provided by the FAA and
may not be updated outside of normal business hours. Confirm data currency
through alternate sources and contact the local FSS for interpretation of TFR
data.
NOTE: The navigation databases used in Garmin navigation systems contain
Special Procedures. Prior to flying these procedures, pilots must have specific
FAA authorization, training, and possession of the corresponding current,
and legitimately-sourced chart (approach plate, etc.…). Inclusion of the
Special Procedure in the navigation database DOES NOT imply specific FAA
authorization to fly the procedure.
NOTE: The navigation databases used in Garmin navigation systems contain
Special Procedures. Prior to flying these procedures, pilots must have specific
FAA authorization, training, and possession of the corresponding current,
and legitimately-sourced chart (approach plate, etc.…). Inclusion of the
Special Procedure in the navigation database DOES NOT imply specific FAA
authorization to fly the procedure.
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Warnings, Cautions & Notes
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Garmin aera 660 Pilot’s Guide
190-02017-20 Rev. E
Part Number
190-02017-20
Rev
A
Date
March, 2016
B
May, 2016
C
September, 2017
D
February, 2018
E
March, 2019
190-02017-20 Rev. E
Change Summary
Initial release
Description
Production Release
Added warning to Flight ID Display
Updated Aviation Limited Warranty
Updated for software version 3.00
Added airspace altitude labels
Updated Bluetooth & Connext interface
Added SXM audio and weather support for GDL 5x products
Updated Connext setup page
Updated Data Link Info page
Updated menu layout
Added navigation database note
Updated for software version 3.30
Added maximum recommended MicroSD™ card size
Added MapMX
Added day/night backlight settings
Removed references to external voltage data field
Removed references to GXM 40/42
Added QWERTY keyboard for portrait orientation
Added Time Over Target (TOT) data field
Added 'Easy Update' database downloading
Added support for FIS-B Cloud Tops Forecast, Icing Forecast,
Lightning, and Turbulence Forecast over Bluetooth
Updated 'Satellite Mosaic' text to 'Cloud Tops'
Updated 'Severe' icing level text to 'Heavy'
Referenced GNX 375 where GTX 345 is included
Updated documentation to allow for GPS 175/GNX 375
Added crosswind component to airport runway review page
Added Navigation Setup Page to allow selection of flight plan
Waypoint Transition Modes
Added Internet 'Base Reflectivity' radar selection
Added internet source for radar, METARs, and TAFs
Updated for software version 3.50
Garmin aera 660 Pilot’s Guide
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Garmin aera 660 Pilot’s Guide
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Table of Contents
SECTION 1 OVERVIEW................................................................................................................ 1
1.1 Unit Overview..................................................................................................................... 1
1.2 Getting Started................................................................................................................... 2
Battery Installation................................................................................................................ 2
Charging the Battery............................................................................................................. 3
Mounting the aera 660 in the Aircraft.................................................................................... 4
Turning the Unit On/Off......................................................................................................... 4
Receiver Status...................................................................................................................... 4
Display Orientation................................................................................................................ 6
1.3 Operation............................................................................................................................. 7
Basic Touchscreen Operation................................................................................................. 7
Dedicated Page Icons............................................................................................................ 8
Main Menu......................................................................................................................... 10
1.4 Accessing System Functionality.................................................................................... 15
Option Menus..................................................................................................................... 15
Data Entry........................................................................................................................... 16
Quick Settings Page............................................................................................................ 18
Title Bar Timer..................................................................................................................... 18
1.5 Using Map Displays.......................................................................................................... 19
Map Range......................................................................................................................... 19
Map Panning...................................................................................................................... 21
Map Overlays...................................................................................................................... 24
Map Symbols...................................................................................................................... 24
Map Detail.......................................................................................................................... 24
1.6 System Settings................................................................................................................ 25
Display Setup...................................................................................................................... 25
Sound Setup....................................................................................................................... 27
Map Setup.......................................................................................................................... 28
Bluetooth® Setup................................................................................................................. 29
Connext Setup.................................................................................................................... 30
Weather Setup.................................................................................................................... 31
Wi-Fi Setup......................................................................................................................... 31
3D Vision Setup................................................................................................................... 32
Navigation Setup................................................................................................................ 32
Keyboard Setup................................................................................................................... 32
Additional Settings.............................................................................................................. 33
1.7 Nearest Airport Criteria Settings................................................................................. 34
1.8 Present Position............................................................................................................... 35
1.9 New Location.................................................................................................................... 36
1.10 Simulator Mode.............................................................................................................. 36
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Table of Contents
SECTION 2 NAVIGATION.......................................................................................................... 39
2.1 Introduction....................................................................................................................... 39
Data Fields.......................................................................................................................... 40
Compass Arc....................................................................................................................... 42
2.2 3D Vision............................................................................................................................. 43
3D Vision Operation............................................................................................................ 45
2.3 Vertical Navigation (VNAV)............................................................................................ 47
Using the VNAV Feature...................................................................................................... 48
2.4 Map Display Setup........................................................................................................... 50
Map Orientation................................................................................................................. 51
Airports, Navaids, Cities & Roads......................................................................................... 51
Airways............................................................................................................................... 52
2.5 Waypoints.......................................................................................................................... 53
Nearest Information............................................................................................................ 56
Weather and NOTAM Information (Optional)....................................................................... 58
Accessing Additional information......................................................................................... 59
2.6 Direct-to Navigation........................................................................................................ 70
SECTION 3 FLIGHT PLANNING.............................................................................................. 73
3.1 Introduction....................................................................................................................... 73
Data Fields.......................................................................................................................... 73
3.2 Flight Plan Creation......................................................................................................... 74
Adding Waypoints to an Existing Flight Plan......................................................................... 76
Transferring Flight Plans Using Connext............................................................................... 78
3.3 Flight Plan Storage.......................................................................................................... 79
3.4 Flight Plan Activation...................................................................................................... 80
Editing Speed and Fuel Flow................................................................................................ 81
Copying Flight Plans............................................................................................................ 82
Deleting Flight Plans........................................................................................................... 82
Inverting a Flight Plan......................................................................................................... 83
3.5 Approaches........................................................................................................................ 83
Selecting an Approach......................................................................................................... 84
Activating Vectors-to-Final................................................................................................... 86
SECTION 4 HAZARD AVOIDANCE........................................................................................ 87
4.1 Weather.............................................................................................................................. 87
Weather Data Sources......................................................................................................... 87
Using Weather Products...................................................................................................... 87
SiriusXM® Weather.............................................................................................................. 89
Data Link Weather (FIS-B).................................................................................................. 102
Internet Weather............................................................................................................... 115
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Table of Contents
4.2 Terrain............................................................................................................................... 119
Terrain Information............................................................................................................ 120
Obstacle Information......................................................................................................... 120
Terrain and Obstacle Color Code....................................................................................... 121
Terrain Views..................................................................................................................... 121
Terrain Alerts & Setup........................................................................................................ 122
4.3 Traffic................................................................................................................................ 125
Traffic Information Service (TIS-A)...................................................................................... 125
Traffic Ground Track .......................................................................................................... 126
Displaying Traffic Data....................................................................................................... 127
Data Link Traffic................................................................................................................ 127
SECTION 5 ADDITIONAL FEATURES................................................................................. 139
5.1 SafeTaxi............................................................................................................................ 139
SafeTaxi Cycle Number and Revision.................................................................................. 140
5.2 Airport Directory Data.................................................................................................. 140
Fuel Prices........................................................................................................................ 143
5.3 SiriusXM® Radio.............................................................................................................. 143
Compatible SiriusXM Devices............................................................................................ 143
Activating SiriusXM Satellite Radio Services....................................................................... 144
Using SiriusXM Radio........................................................................................................ 144
SECTION 6 APPENDICES........................................................................................................ 149
Appendix A: Messages, Alerts & Data Field Options.................................................... 149
Miscellaneous Message Advisories..................................................................................... 149
Airspace Messages............................................................................................................ 150
Data Field & Numeric Data Options................................................................................... 151
Appendix B: Abnormal Operation..................................................................................... 155
Loss of GNSS Position........................................................................................................ 155
Hazard Display with Loss of GNSS Position........................................................................ 155
Appendix C: Managing Files and Databases................................................................... 157
Connecting to a Computer................................................................................................ 157
Managing Files................................................................................................................. 158
MicroSD™ Card Use (Optional).......................................................................................... 159
Database Types................................................................................................................. 160
Database Purchase, Installation, and Updates.................................................................... 162
Software Updates.............................................................................................................. 169
Appendix D: Installation and Interfacing........................................................................ 173
Mounting the aera 660 in the Aircraft................................................................................ 173
Connecting to a Garmin VHF Comm Radio......................................................................... 177
Information about USB Drivers.......................................................................................... 179
Interfacing........................................................................................................................ 179
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Garmin aera 660 Pilot’s Guide
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Table of Contents
Configuring aera 660 for a GDL 39.................................................................................... 181
Configuring aera 660 for a GDL 51/52............................................................................... 183
Pairing a GDL or GTX Device via Bluetooth........................................................................ 185
Pairing the GDL 51/52 to an Audio Device......................................................................... 185
Using an external GPS Antenna (Optional)......................................................................... 185
Appendix E: Battery and Care Information.................................................................... 187
Battery Information........................................................................................................... 187
Changing the Fuse............................................................................................................ 187
Cleaning the Casing.......................................................................................................... 188
Cleaning the Touchscreen.................................................................................................. 188
Protecting the Unit............................................................................................................ 188
Avoiding Theft................................................................................................................... 189
Appendix F: General TIS-A Information........................................................................... 191
TIS-A vs. TAS/TCAS............................................................................................................ 191
TIS-A Limitations............................................................................................................... 192
Appendix G: Utilities............................................................................................................ 195
Flight Log.......................................................................................................................... 195
Track Log.......................................................................................................................... 196
Track Vector...................................................................................................................... 198
E6B Calculator.................................................................................................................. 199
Aircraft Profile................................................................................................................... 201
Weight & Balance............................................................................................................. 202
Proximity Waypoints.......................................................................................................... 203
Appendix H: Display Symbols............................................................................................ 205
VFR Symbols..................................................................................................................... 205
IFR Symbols...................................................................................................................... 206
Airspace Symbols.............................................................................................................. 208
Appendix I: Map Datum and Location Formats............................................................. 211
Map Datums..................................................................................................................... 211
Location Formats............................................................................................................... 211
Appendix J: Glossary............................................................................................................ 213
Appendix K: Warranty and Compliance........................................................................... 219
Contact Garmin................................................................................................................ 219
Aviation Limited Warranty................................................................................................. 219
AOPA Airport Directory Notice........................................................................................... 220
AC-U-KWIK License Agreement......................................................................................... 220
FCC Compliance............................................................................................................... 221
Industry Canada Compliance............................................................................................. 221
Radiation Exposure Statement........................................................................................... 221
Index....................................................................................................................................Index-1
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Overview
Overview
SECTION 1 OVERVIEW
1.1 UNIT OVERVIEW
Power Button
Navigation
The aera 660 presents GNSS-derived analog flight instrumentation, position,
navigation, and hazard avoidance information to the pilot using a 5”display with a
capacitive touch screen.
Flight Planning
External Antenna Connector
USB Connector
Hazard Avoidance
Micro SD Card Slot
Power Button
Additional Features
Battery Latch
Appendices
Unit Overview
Index
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1
Overview
Overview
1.2 GETTING STARTED
BATTERY INSTALLATION
Navigation
NOTE: Refer to Appendix E for additional battery information.
CAUTION: Always keep the battery installed when the unit is on.
Flight Planning
WARNING: The product contains a lithium-ion battery. To prevent damage,
remove the unit from the aircraft or vehicle when exiting or store it out of
direct sunlight.
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Installing the battery:
1) Locate the lithium-ion battery that came in the product box.
2) Locate the metal contacts on the end of the lithium-ion battery.
3) Insert the battery so that the metal contacts on the battery line-up with the
metal contacts inside the battery compartment.
4) Insert the battery into the battery compartment, and push until it clicks into
place.
Index
Unit Overview - Battery
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Overview
NOTE: While in Charge Mode, the unit draws a current from the aircraft. To
avoid discharging the aircraft’s battery, disconnect the external power cable
from the unit when not in use for several days.
95°F (5° to 35°C).
Mount the aera 660 in the aircraft and connect the power cable to the
aircraft power outlet (cigarette lighter receptacle).
2)
Route the power cable so that it does not interfere with aircraft operation.
The unit begins charging as soon as external power is applied.
USING CHARGE MODE
If you do not want to use the unit, but you would like to charge the battery, you can
put the unit into Charge Mode. Connect the unit to an external power supply. Press
and hold the POWER Button. Instead of completely turning off, the unit now goes
into Charge Mode.
INITIAL BATTERY CHARGING
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Index
After fully charging the battery for the first time, the aera 660 battery indicator
may report significantly less than full charge. In this case, the battery will need to be
conditioned to report the correct capacity. This can be accomplished by allowing the
battery to discharge completely and then fully recharging the battery.
Appendices
The unit will run cooler and may allow more current to be available for charging the
battery while in Charge Mode.
Additional Features
Applying external power to the aera 660 automatically turns on the unit for full
operation. If the battery is present and needs to be charged, the external power source
charges the battery while the unit is in use.
Hazard Avoidance
1)
Flight Planning
Plug the unit into a 12-Volt or 24-Volt connector to charge. The unit can be used
while it is charging. Charge the unit within the following temperature range: 41° to
Navigation
Charge the aera 660 for at least 4 hours before using on battery power. Charge the
battery by connecting the aviation power cable, the USB cable, an AC adapter, or use
a stand-alone battery charger (optional accessory).
Overview
CHARGING THE BATTERY
Overview
Overview
MOUNTING THE aera 660 IN THE AIRCRAFT
Refer to Appendix D 'Installation & Interfacing' for information on mounting the
aera 660 in the aircraft.
Press the POWER Button to turn the unit on. Press and hold the
Button to turn the unit off.
POWER
The first time the unit is turned on, the receiver must collect satellite data and
establish its present location. To ensure proper initialization, the aera 660 is shipped
from the factory in Autolocate mode, which allows the receiver to “find itself” anywhere
in the world.
During initialization, current database information is displayed. Database
information includes valid operating dates, cycle number, and database type. When
this information has been reviewed for currency (to ensure that no databases have
expired), the pilot is prompted to continue.
Touching the Press To Accept Button acknowledges this information, and the
Main Menu is displayed.
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
Navigation
TURNING THE UNIT ON/OFF
Database Initialization
RECEIVER STATUS
Index
The receiver status displays one of the following conditions:
• Autolocate—Receiver is looking for any satellite whose almanac has been
collected, which can take up to 5 minutes
• Searching The Sky—Receiver is looking for satellites
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Overview
Hazard Avoidance
45° Above
Horizon
Horizon
Receiver Status
Signal
Strength Bar
PRN Number
Additional Features
GPS Status
Viewing the GPS status:
From the Main Menu, touch GPS Info > GPS Tab.
ACQUIRING SATELLITES
bars on the Main Menu indicate the GPS signal strength.
When the receiver is in the process of acquiring a 3D differential solution, ‘3D GPS
Location’ is indicated as the solution until the 3D differential fix has finished acquisition.
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5
Index
When the receiver is in the process of acquiring enough satellite signals for
navigation, the receiver uses satellite orbital data (collected continuously from the
satellites) and last known position to determine the satellites that should be in view.
‘Acquiring Satellites’ is indicated as the solution until a sufficient number of satellites
have been acquired for computing a solution.
Appendices
The
Flight Planning
PRN Number
Navigation
Constellation
Diagram
Overview
• Acquiring Satellites—Receiver is looking for and collecting data from satellites
visible at its last known or initialized location, but has not acquired a fix
• 2D GPS Location—At least three satellites have been acquired and a twodimensional location fix has been calculated. “2D Differential” appears when
you are receiving DGPS corrections in 2D mode
• 3D GPS Location—At least four satellites have been acquired and a threedimensional fix has been calculated. “3D Differential” appears when you are
receiving DGPS corrections in 3D mode
• Lost Satellite Reception—Receiver is no longer tracking enough satellites for a 2D
or 3D fix
SATELLITE INFORMATION
Satellites currently in view are shown at their respective positions on a satellite
constellation diagram. The outer circle of the constellation diagram represents the
horizon, the inner circle represents 45° above the horizon, and the center point shows
the position directly overhead. Each satellite is represented by a square containing the
Pseudo-Random Noise (PRN) number (i.e., satellite identification number).
GPS Info can be helpful in troubleshooting weak (or missing) signal levels due to
poor satellite coverage or installation problems. As the receiver locks onto satellites, a
signal strength bar is displayed for each satellite in view, with the appropriate satellite
PRN number (01-32; 33-64 for WAAS; 65-99 for GLONASS) below each bar. The
progress of satellite acquisition is shown in three stages, as indicated by signal bar
appearance:
- No bar—Receiver is looking for the indicated satellite
- Gray bar—Receiver has collected the necessary data and the satellite signal can
be used
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
Navigation
Overview
Overview
- Green bar—Satellite is being used for the GPS solution
Additional Features
DISPLAY ORIENTATION
The aera 660 can be viewed in either Portrait or Landscape Mode.
Index
Appendices
Changing the display orientation:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Tools > Setup > Display
Or:
Press the Power Button once quickly.
2) Touch Landscape or Portrait.
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Overview
Overview
1.3 OPERATION
BASIC TOUCHSCREEN OPERATION
T ouch the desired selection. The icon, menu option, etc., will momentarily turn blue
when selected.
Navigation
Flight Planning
Basic Touchscreen Operation
Hazard Avoidance
SCROLLING AND PANNING
Appendices
Scroll
Additional Features
Scrolling and panning on the touchscreen:
Drag up or down to scroll menus, documents, etc.
Or:
Drag in any direction to pan maps or charts.
Pan
Index
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Overview
Overview
ZOOMING
Zoom Out
Zoom In
DEDICATED PAGE ICONS
Dedicated Page Icons are located vertically on the right side of the screen in
landscape mode or horizontally along the bottom of the screen in portrait mode.
Dedicated
Page Icons
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
Navigation
Zooming in and out on the touchscreen map displays:
Pinch fingers together (zoom out), or pull fingers apart (zoom in).
Index
Nearest Airports Page
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Overview
Touch to zoom out
Scroll down
OR
Touch to zoom in
Nearest Group Icons
(Nearest Page Only)
OR
Weather Group Icons
(Weather Page Only)
Navigation
OR
Overview
Scroll up
Flight Planning
Hazard Avoidance
OR
Additional Features
Appendices
Direct-to function
Page menu
190-02017-20 Rev. E
OR
Index
• Previous Screen
• Main Menu (Touch and
Hold)
Cancel map pointer
Garmin aera 660 Pilot’s Guide
9
Overview
Flight Planning
Navigation
Overview
MAIN MENU
icon at any time to display the Main Menu.
Touch and hold the
Hazard Avoidance
MAIN MENU ICONS
Appendices
Additional Features
Touch the following icons to display the associated page or menu:
Map
Displays the Map View.
Active Flight Plan
Displays the Active Flight Plan.
Charts
Displays the VFR or IFR charts.
3D Vision
Displays 3D Vision.
Traffic
Displays the dedicated Traffic
Page.
Terrain
Displays the Terrain View.
Nearest
Displays the Nearest Page.
Weather
Displays Weather Map Page.
Waypoint
Displays Waypoint Information.
GPS Info
Displays current position and
satellite status.
Tools
Displays second-level Tools Icons.
Index
Flight Plan List
Displays the Flight Plan List.
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Overview
VOR
Displays nearest VORs.
ARTCC
Displays nearest ARTCCs (Air
Route Traffic Control Centers).
FSS
Displays nearest Flight Service
Stations (FSS).
Airspace
Displays nearest airspace.
NDB
Displays nearest NDBs.
Intersection
Displays nearest intersections.
Hazard Avoidance
City
Displays nearest cities.
Flight Planning
Airport WX
Displays nearest airport weather.
Navigation
From the Main Menu, touch the Nearest icon
to access the Nearest Page.
Touch these Nearest Group Icons to display the associated function:
Airport
User WPT
Displays nearest airports.
Displays nearest user waypoints.
Overview
NEAREST ICONS
Additional Features
Appendices
Index
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11
WEATHER ICONS
With the Weather Page displayed, touch the Products icon
Weather Products:
Radar
Displays radar (composite
or base reflectivity).
Cloud Tops Forecast
Forecasted cloud top
heights.
Temps Aloft
Displays forecasted
temperatures.
AIRMET
Displays AIRmen’s
METeorological Info.
Freezing Level
Displays where icing
conditions are likely.
Cloud Tops
Displays cloud top height
contours.
Lightning
Displays lightning data.
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
Navigation
Overview
Overview
Index
SIGMET
Displays potentially
hazardous weather.
Turbulence Forecast
Displays turbulence data.
12
Garmin aera 660 Pilot’s Guide
to access the
Surface Pressure
Displays pressure
isobars and centers.
Echo Tops
Highest altitude with
precipitation.
Storm Cells
Displays storm cells
and projected path.
TFR
Displays Temporary
Flight Restrictions.
Icing Forecast
Displays SIP and SLD
data.
Winds Aloft
The forecasted wind
speed/direction.
METAR
METeorological
Aerodrome Report.
Pilot Reports
Pilot Weather
Reports.
Wx Forecast
Current & forecast
weather conditions.
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Overview
From the Main Menu, touch the Tools icon
to access the second-level Tools
icons. Touch these second-level icons to display the associated function:
User WPT
Displays User Waypoints and
Proximity Waypoints.
Flight Log
Displays Flight Logs.
Downloads
Displays available downloads.
VIRB
Displays VIRB Remote Page.
E6B
Displays the E6B Calculator.
Simulator
Drives simulator.
Additional Features
Profile
Displays Aircraft Profiles.
Track Log
Displays Track Logs.
Hazard Avoidance
VNAV
Displays Vertical Navigation.
SiriusXM Audio
Displays the Sirius XM Audio
Page.
Database
Displays database and software
version information.
User Timer
Displays User Timer.
Flight Planning
Data Link
Displays the Data Link Info Page.
Navigation
Setup
Displays third-level Setup Icons.
Overview
TOOLS
Appendices
Weight/Balance
Displays the Weight & Balance.
Index
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13
Setup Icons
From the Main Menu, touch the Tools
> Setup
to access the thirdlevel Setup Icons. Touch these third-level icons to perform the associated function:
Flight Planning
Navigation
Overview
Overview
Display
Displays backlight intensity/timeout,
color mode (map/chart), screenshot (on/
off), and aircraft position settings.
Connext®
Displays flight plan
transfer settings.
Sound
Displays sound settings.
Wi-Fi
Displays Wi-Fi
connection settings.
Weather
Displays weather
data source setting.
Bluetooth®
Displays Bluetooth
connection settings.
Units
Displays unit settings.
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Time
Displays time settings.
Map
Displays Navigation Map settings.
Power
Position
Displays position settings.
3D Vision
Interface
Displays interface settings.
Navigation
Alarms
Displays alarm settings.
Displays 'Automatic
Power Off' setting.
Displays 3D Vision
settings.
Displays Navigation
settings.
Keyboard
Displays Keyboard
settings.
Index
Airspace
Displays Special Use Airspace alarm
settings.
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Overview
Overview
1.4 ACCESSING SYSTEM FUNCTIONALITY
OPTION MENUS
Icon that displays a context-sensitive list of
Navigating the option menu:
Touch the
Icon
Flight Planning


Navigation
The aera 660 has a dedicated
menu options available.
Touch the desired menu option.
Hazard Avoidance

Additional Features

Appendices
Index
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15
Overview
Overview
DATA ENTRY
DATA ENTRY ICONS
The following icons are displayed in the data entry window.
Navigation
Enter
Backspace
Exits the keypad function and accepts the changes.
Erases the current data.
Flight Planning
Numeric/Alpha Displays the numeric or alpha keypad.
Cancel
Cancels a value that has been edited.
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Entering alphanumeric data:
 When alphanumeric data can be entered, a keypad will appear after
touching the desired datafield.
 Touch the keypad letters or numbers to enter the desired data.
 Touch Enter.
Appendices

Index

16
Garmin aera 660 Pilot’s Guide

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Overview
Entering predetermined data options:
Touch the Data Option Button to display a vertical list of data options (if
applicable), or toggle two data options (i.e., On/Off).

If using the vertical list, touch the desired data option from the list.
Overview

Navigation
Flight Planning

Hazard Avoidance
Additional Features

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17
Index
The setting only affects the keypad while the aera 660 is in landscape mode. While
in portrait mode, the aera 660 will only display the keypad in the alphabetical layout.
Appendices
Changing Alpha Keypad Layout:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Tools > Setup > Keyboard.
2) Touch Landscape Keyboard Format to toggle between alphabetical and
QWERTY layouts.
3) Touch Preview to view the keypad layout before committing changes.
QUICK SETTINGS PAGE
Quickly tap and release the power button to access the Quick Settings page. The
Quick Settings page provides access to important usability settings and common
functions. The menu bar displays a shortcut to the Nearest page and a shortcut to
mark the current position as a User Waypoint. Touching the Back button clears the
Quick Settings menu and returns to the previous page.
Power Button
TITLE BAR TIMER
The User Timer can be accessed through the title bar from any screen. Touch the time
indication to access the User Timer window to start, stop or reset the User Timer. The
clock/timer text will appear in cyan while showing the timer, and white while showing
the time.
Tap to access
User Timer
Index
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
Navigation
Overview
Overview
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Overview
NOTE: Refer to the GPS Navigation section for more information on Map
Display Setup.
• Airports, NAVAIDs, airspaces, airways, land data (highways, cities, lakes, rivers,
borders, etc.) with names
• Map range
• Aircraft icon (representing present position)
Flight Planning
• Map Pointer information (distance and bearing to pointer, location of pointer,
name, and other pertinent information)
Navigation
Map displays are used extensively in the aera 660 to provide situational awareness
in flight. Most aera 660 maps can display the following information:
Overview
1.5 USING MAP DISPLAYS
• Flight plan legs
Hazard Avoidance
• User waypoints
• Track vector
• Topography data
There are 23 different map ranges available, from 200 feet to 800 nm. The current
map range is indicated in the lower right. The scale bar represents the map scale.
Changing the map range:
(out) or
‘in‘ (decreasing).
(in) icons to zoom ‘out’ (increasing), or zoom
Appendices
Use the
Additional Features
MAP RANGE
Zoom Out
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Index
Zoom In
19
Overview
Pinch fingers together (zoom out), or pull fingers apart (zoom in).
OVERZOOM
When the selected range exceeds the resolution of the map data, ‘overzoom’
appears below the map range scale.
Scale Bar Representing a Map
Scale of 3 nm Per
Scale Width.
Map Range/Overzoom
AUTOZOOM
Autozoom allows the aera 660 to change the map display range to the smallest
range clearly showing the active waypoint. Autozoom can be overridden by adjusting
the range and remains that way until the active waypoint changes, a terrain or traffic
alert occurs, or the aircraft takes off.
Enabling/disabling Autozoom:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Map > Menu > Set Up Map.
2) If necessary, touch the Map Group Button and touch General.
3) Touch the 'On/Off' Data Option Button for 'Autozoom'.
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
Navigation
Overview
Or:
Appendices
AutozoomToggle
Index
Map Group
Button
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Overview
Map panning allows the pilot to:
• View parts of the map outside the displayed range without adjusting the map
range
Navigation
• Highlight and select locations on the map
Overview
MAP PANNING
• Review information for a selected airport, NAVAID, or user waypoint
• Designate locations for use in flight planning
• View airspace and airway information
Additional Features
Touching the Map Feature Button displays additional information for the
highlighted map feature. If multiple features are present at the Map Pointer position,
green arrows will appear on the Map Feature Button. Touching the
will cycle
through the list of map features present at that position.
Hazard Avoidance
When the Map Pointer is over a map feature, the map feature is highlighted, an
information box appears on the map, and the highlighted map feature is displayed on
the Map Feature Button (even if the name was not originally displayed on the map).
Flight Planning
When the panning function is selected by touching anywhere on the Map, the Map
Pointer is displayed. An Information Window also appears at the bottom of the map
display showing the bearing, distance, and time to the pointer from the aircraft’s
present position, the elevation of the land at the position of the pointer, or the object’s
(airports, obstacles, etc.) elevation, if known.
Appendices
Index
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21
Overview
Flight Planning
Navigation
Overview
Cancel Map
Pointer
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Green Arrow IndicatMap ing Multiple Features
Feature
are Present at the
Button Map Pointer Location
Bearing to
the Pointer
from the
Aircraft's
Present
Position
Time En
Route to the
Pointer from
the Aircraft's
Present Position
Lat/Lon at the
Pointer Location
Elevation at
the Pointer
Location
Distance to the Pointer
from the Aircraft's Present
Position
Map Panning (Navigation Map)
Activating the map pointer:
While viewing a Map Display, touch anywhere on the map to activate the
map pointer. Touch the
icon to cancel the map pointer.
Appendices
Panning the map:
While viewing a Map Display, touch anywhere on the map and drag.
Reviewing information for a map feature:
Index

22
While viewing a Map Display, touch anywhere on the map to activate the
map pointer. When the Map Pointer is over a map feature, the map feature
is highlighted, an information box appears on the map, and the highlighted
map feature is displayed on the Map Feature Button. If multiple features
are present at the Map Pointer position, green arrows will appear on the
Map Feature Button.
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Overview
If necessary, touch the
buttons to cycle through the list of map
features present at that position. Touching the
buttons changes the
highlight and description.


Touch the Map Feature Button to review information for the Map Feature.
If desired, touch Direct-to
Overview

to navigate to the map feature.
Navigation

Flight Planning

Hazard Avoidance

Additional Features

Appendices
Index
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23
MAP OVERLAYS
The VFR, IFR, Terrain, Topography, Weather, Fuel Prices, or Traffic map overlays can
be displayed or removed.
Displaying/removing map overlays:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Map > Menu.
2) Touch VFR, IFR, Terrain, Topo Shading, Weather/Animate Weather,
Fuel Prices, or Traffic to display or remove the map overlay.
Navigation
Overview
Overview
Flight Planning
MAP SYMBOLS
Refer to Appendix H for a list of map symbols.
MAP DETAIL
The map can be adjusted to declutter the map.
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Adjusting the declutter level of the Navigation Map:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Map > Menu.
2) Touch the desired Map Detail level (-1, -2, -3) on the right side of the
screen. The currently selected level is highlighted green.
Index
Map Detail
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Overview
The third-level Setup Icons allow management of the following system parameters:
• Sound
• Weather
• Units
• Bluetooth
• Time
• Wi-Fi
• Map
• Power
• Position
• 3D Vision
• Interface
• Navigation
• Alarms
• Keyboard
Flight Planning
• Connext
Navigation
• Display
Overview
1.6 SYSTEM SETTINGS
• Airpace
Hazard Avoidance
Restoring system setting defaults:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Tools > Setup.
2) Touch the desired Setup Icon.
3) Touch Menu > Restore Default.
Additional Features
DISPLAY SETUP
Appendices
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Index
Display Setup
25
Overview
Overview
DISPLAY ORIENTATION
The aera 660 can be viewed in either Portrait or Landscape Mode.
Press the Power Button once quickly.
BACKLIGHT INTENSITY
The aera 660 has two backlight intensity settings, one for day operations and the
other for night operations. The appropriate settings will automatically be selected
based on the time of day.
Adjusting backlight intensity:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Tools > Setup > Display.
2) Select either Day Backlight Intensity or Night Backlight Intensity.
3) Touch '+' or '-' or touch and drag the percentage triangle to adjust the
desired backlight intensity percentage.
Or:
Press the
POWER Button to quickly access the current backlight intensity.
Also, with Quick Settings displayed, press the
the backlight intensity to 100%.
POWER Button again to increase
BACKLIGHT TIMEOUT
When running on battery power, after a specified period of inactivity the backlight
will turn off to save power.
Adjusting backlight timeout:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Tools > Setup > Display.
2) Touch the 'Backlight Timeout' Data Option Button, and touch the desired
option from the list (Stays On, 15 Seconds, 30 Seconds, 1 Minute, or
2 Minutes).
Index
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
Navigation
Changing the display orientation:
From the Main Menu, touch Tools > Setup > Display.
Or:
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Overview
Adjusting the map color mode:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Tools > Setup > Display.
2) Touch the 'Map Color Mode' Data Option Button, and touch the desired
option from the list (Day, Night, or Auto).
ENABLING SCREENSHOTS
Hazard Avoidance
Enabling/disabling screenshots:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Tools > Setup > Display.
2) Touch On or Off in the 'Screenshot' field. An SD card is required.
Flight Planning
Adjusting the chart color mode:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Tools > Setup > Display.
2) Touch the 'Chart Color Mode' Data Option Button, and touch the desired
option from the list (Auto, Day, or Night).
Navigation
CHART COLOR MODE
Overview
MAP COLOR MODE
AIRCRAFT POSITION
Additional Features
Showing/hiding the aircraft position:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Tools > Setup > Display.
2) Touch Show or Hide in the 'Aircraft Position' field.
SOUND SETUP
NOTE: The aera 660 does not include an internal speaker. For audio output,
connect to an external speaker, headset, or audio panel. Refer to Appendix
D.
Appendices
Sound is broken down into ‘Master’, ‘Alert’, and ‘Message’. 'Master’ controls ALL
sound. ‘Alerts’ and ‘Message’ are a percentage of the ‘Master’ sound. ‘Alerts’ refers to
navigation phrases (e.g. "Pull Up"). The Terrain Audio, Traffic Audio, Traffic N/A Alert,
and Key Tone can also be enabled or disabled.
Index
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27
Navigation
Overview
Overview
Sound Setup
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
Adjusting the sound:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Tools > Setup > Sound.
2) Touch '+' or '-' or touch and drag the percentage triangle to adjust the
desired volume percentage.
Or:
T ouch the
Icon to mute the Master, Alerts, or Message audio. A
blue 'X' will appear over the icon.
Or:
Additional Features
T ouch Enable to enable/disable Terrain Audio, Traffic Audio, Traffic N/A
Alert, or Key Tone.
Or:
Press the
POWER Button to quickly access the Master volume/mute.
Appendices
Muting sound:
See the ‘Adjusting the Sound’ procedure above.
MAP SETUP
AUTOZOOM
Index
Enabling/disabling autozoom:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Tools > Setup > Map.
2) Touch On or Off in the 'Autozoom' field.
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Overview
Adjusting the map orientation:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Tools > Setup > Map.
2) Touch the 'Orientation' Data Option Button, and touch the desired option
from the list (North Up, Track Up, or DTK Up).
Navigation
COMPASS ARC
Flight Planning
Enabling/disabling the compass arc:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Tools > Setup > Map.
2) Touch On or Off in the 'Compass Arc' field.
NORTH UP ABOVE
Hazard Avoidance
Setting North Up Above:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Tools > Setup > Map.
2) Touch the 'North Up Above' Data Option Button, and touch the desired
mileage.
NORTH UP ON GROUND
Additional Features
Enabling/disabling North Up On Ground:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Tools > Setup > Map.
2) Touch On or Off in the 'North Up On Ground' field.
BLUETOOTH® SETUP
Appendices
NOTE: Only one Bluetooth connection is allowed at a time.
Garmin aera 660 Pilot’s Guide
Index
Connecting/Pairing to a weather/traffic device via Bluetooth:
1) Ensure the weather/traffic device is turned ON. From the Main Menu,
touch Tools > Setup > Bluetooth > On.
2) Touch Not Paired or Not Connected next to the Device. A Bluetooth
Passkey window will open.
3) Touch OK. The weather/traffic device is now connected.
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Overview
ORIENTATION
29
Navigation
Overview
Overview
The Bluetooth Setup Menu provides several options for connecting to Bluetooth
devices. Manage Paired Devices can enable Automatic Reconnect and remove
connections on a per-device basis. Forget all devices will remove all Bluetooth
connections. Edit Device Name is used to change the name that the aera 660 shows
other devices while pairing. Restore Default will disable Bluetooth and remove all
Bluetooth connections.
Managing Connected Bluetooth Devices:
From the Main Menu, touch Tools > Setup > Bluetooth > Menu.
Flight Planning
CONNEXT SETUP
NOTE: Connext features require a Bluetooth or RS-232 serial connection to
an external Connext device.
Hazard Avoidance
Setting the preferred attitude source:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Tools > Setup > Connext.
2) Touch the 'Preferred Attitude Source' Data Option Button, and touch
the desired option.
Setting the preferred SiriusXM weather source:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Tools > Setup > Connext.
2) Touch the 'Preferred SiriusXM Weather Source' Data Option Button,
and touch the desired option.
The Connext Setup Menu can also configure how the area 660 sends and receives
flight plans from other Connext devices. Flight plans received from other devices will
be added to the aera 660's Flight Plan List.
Setting the incoming/outgoing flight plan mode:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Tools > Setup > Connext.
2) Touch the 'Incoming or Outgoing Flight Plan Mode' Data Option
Button, and touch the desired option (refer to table below).
Index
Appendices
Additional Features
Setting the preferred FIS-B source:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Tools > Setup > Connext.
2) Touch the 'Preferred FIS-B Source' Data Option Button, and touch the
desired option.
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Overview
Automatic
aera 660 will
automatically accept
flight plans from any
connected device.
aera 660 will send flight
plans to other devices
with no prompt.
Navigation
Outgoing
Flight Plan
Mode
Require Action
aera 660 will prompt to
accept or decline a flight
plan sent from another
device.
aera 660 will prompt to
confirm sending a flight
plan to another device.
Overview
No Transfer
Incoming Do not accept
Flight Plan flight plans from
Mode
other devices.
Connext Flight Plan Mode Options
Flight Planning
WEATHER SETUP
Hazard Avoidance
Changing the weather data source:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Tools > Setup > Weather.
2) Touch the 'Weather Data Source' Data Option Button, and touch the
desired option.
WI-FI SETUP
Additional Features
Connecting to a Wi-Fi network:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Tools > Setup > Wi-Fi > On.
2) Touch Add Network.
3) Touch the desired network to add.
4) If necessary, enter the password using the keypad and touch Enter.
Appendices
Removing a Wi-Fi network:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Tools > Setup > Wi-Fi.
2) Touch the network button.
3) Touch Remove.
4) Touch Yes.
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Index
Turning Wi-Fi off:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Tools > Setup > Wi-Fi.
2) Touch Off.
31
Overview
Overview
3D VISION SETUP
NAVIGATION SETUP
Waypoint Transition Mode can be set to 'Auto' or 'Distance'. In 'Auto' mode the unit
selects the "best" next waypoint based on the aircraft's present position. 'Distance'
mode allows the pilot to enter a radius around the active leg destination so that when
the aircraft is within the entered distance, the unit transitions to the next waypoint in
the route.
Changing the waypoint transition mode:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Tools > Setup > Navigation.
2) Touch the 'Waypoint Transition Mode' Data Option Button, and touch
the desired option from the list (Auto or Distance).
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
Navigation
Setting up 3D Vision:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Tools > Setup > 3D Vision.
2) Touch the 'Bug Indicator' Data Option Button, and touch the desired
option from the list (User Selected, Bearing, Desired Track, or Off).
3) Touch the desired settings to display (Ground Speed, Altitude, AGL,
Heading, Lateral Deviation, Vertical Deviation, Vertical Speed,
Slip/Skid, Synthetic Vision and Traffic).
4) Touch On/Off to enable/disable 'Panning Timeout'.
KEYBOARD SETUP
Index
Appendices
Setting up keyboard format:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Tools > Setup > Keyboard.
2) From the 'Keyboard Format' Data Field, touch ABCDE or QWERTY to
arrange the keyboard in alphabetic or traditional layout.
3) Touch Preview to inspect keyboard layout.
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Overview
Overview
ADDITIONAL SETTINGS
Sound
Units
Map
Garmin aera 660 Pilot’s Guide
33
Index
190-02017-20 Rev. E
Appendices
Position
Interface
Alarms
Airspace
Alarms
Weather
Bluetooth
Connext
Wi-Fi
Power
Additional Features
Time
Hazard Avoidance
Display
Available Settings
Display Orientation, Backlight Intensity, Backlight Timeout, Map Color
Mode, Chart Color Mode, Screenshot, Aircraft Position
Master Volume, Alert Volume, Message Volume, Terrain Audio, Key Tone
Distance, Speed, Direction Display, Temperature, Altitude, Vertical Speed,
Pressure, Fluid Volume
Time Format, Auto UTC Offset
Autozoom, Orientation, Compass Arc, North Up Above, North Up On
Ground
Location Format, Map Datum, Heading, Magnetic Variation
Serial Port, Serial Data Format
Arrival, Next Waypoint, Proximity Waypoint, Fuel Tank Reminder
Class B/TMA, Class C/TCA, Class D, Restricted, MOA, Other/ADIZ,
Parachute Area
Weather Data Source setting
Bluetooth setup
Connext settings
Wi-Fi setup
Power Loss Warning
Flight Planning
Icon
Navigation
Changing settings (Units, Time, Position, Interface, Alarms, Airspace, and Power):
1) From the Main Menu, touch Tools > Setup.
2) Touch the desired Settings Icon (Units, Time, Position, Interface,
Alarms, Airspace, or Power).
3) Touch the desired setting to change. Touch the desired setting from the
vertical list (if applicable).
Or: Use the keypad to enter numerical values and touch Enter (if
applicable).
Or: Touch On or Off to enable or disable a feature (if applicable).
4) Touch and hold the Back Icon to return to the Main Menu.
Bug Indicator, Ground Speed, Altitude, Heading, Lateral Deviation,
3D Vision Vertical Deviation, Vertical Speed, Slip/Skid, Synthetic Vision, Panning
Timeout
Navigation Waypoint Transition Mode settings (Auto or Distance)
Keyboard Keyboard layout setup
1.7 NEAREST AIRPORT CRITERIA SETTINGS
The Nearest Airports Option Menu allows the pilot to filter out airports that do not
meet a defined criteria. Specific surface types and runway lengths can be defined, as
well as the option to include private airports and/or heliports.
Runway Surface—allows you to set criteria for the type of surface on the runway:
• Hard Only—shows only runways with a concrete, asphalt, or similar sealed
surface.
• Hard or Soft—shows all runways except water landing facilities.
• Water Only—shows only water landing facilities.
• Any—shows any runway, regardless of surface type, including water landing
facilities.
Minimum Runway Length—allows the pilot to enter a specific length for the shortest
runway allowed.
Entering airport criteria:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Nearest.
2) Touch the dedicated page icon and touch Airport.
3) Touch Menu.
4) Touch Surface, and touch the desired runway surface from the list.
5) Touch Min Length, and enter the desired Minimum Runway Length using
the keypad.
6) Touch Private Airports to include Private Airports in the search.
7) Touch Heliports to include Heliports in the search.
8) Touch City Names or Facility Names to display the airport's city or
facility name.
Index
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
Navigation
Overview
Overview
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Overview
Navigation
The Present Position function displays latitude, longitude, GPS altitude, reference
waypoint, type, distance, direction, and bearing. The reference waypoint is designed to
display the current position in relation to a prominent landmark. The pilot can change
the reference waypoint ‘Nearest Type’ using the ‘Change Nearest Type’ menu option.
By default the Nearest Type is set to ‘Automatic’, which will display the nearest large
airport, enroute VOR, or city (in that order).
Overview
1.8 PRESENT POSITION
Flight Planning
Hazard Avoidance
Position
Additional Features
Changing the Nearest Type:
1) From the Main Menu, touch GPS Info > Position Tab > Menu >
Change Nearest Type.
2) Touch the desired nearest type ('Automatic', 'Airport', 'VOR', 'NDB',
'Intersection', 'City', or 'Waypoint').
Viewing the present position:
From the Main Menu, touch GPS Info > Position Tab.
Appendices
Index
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1.9 NEW LOCATION
The ‘New Location’ menu option is used when the GPS Receiver is having trouble
finding the satellites it expects to be there.
Entering a new location:
1) From the Main Menu, touch GPS Info > GPS Tab > Menu > New
Location.
2) Touch 'Automatic', 'Use Map', or 'Use Identifier'.
3) After selecting your approximate position using the map pointer or entering
an identifier, touch OK.
4) The GPS Receiver will begin a new search based on the location entered.
1.10 SIMULATOR MODE
Simulator Mode is helpful for practicing with the unit indoors or when no satellite
signals are available. All waypoints and routes created in Simulator Mode are retained
in memory for future use.
NOTE: Do not attempt to navigate using Simulator Mode. When the unit is
set to Simulator Mode, the GPS/GLONASS receiver is turned off. Any Satellite
Signal Strength Bars shown are only simulations and do not represent the
strength of actual satellite signals.
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
Navigation
Overview
Overview
Starting/Stopping Simulator Mode:
From the Main Menu, touch GPS Info > GPS Tab > Menu > Simulator.
Appendices
Adjusting the simulated altitude, track, speed, waypoint, & position:
1) From the Main Menu, touch GPS Info > GPS Tab > Menu > Start
Simulator.
2) Touch Menu > Drive Simulator.
Index
3)
36
Touch the fields to enter the desired data using the keypad.
Garmin aera 660 Pilot’s Guide
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Overview
Overview
Navigation
Simulator Mode
Flight Planning
Hazard Avoidance
Additional Features
Appendices
Index
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Index
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
Navigation
Overview
Overview
Blank Page
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Navigation
SECTION 2 NAVIGATION
Overview
2.1 INTRODUCTION
Flight Planning
An aircraft icon is placed on the Navigation Map at the location corresponding to the
calculated present position. The aircraft position and the flight plan legs are accurately
based on GPS/GLONASS calculations. The basemap upon which these are placed are
from a source with less resolution, therefore the relative position of the aircraft to map
features is not exact. The leg of the active flight plan currently being flown is shown as
a magenta line on the Navigation Map. The other legs are shown in white.
Navigation
The Navigation Map displays aviation data (e.g., airports, VORs, airways, airspaces),
geographic data (e.g., cities, lakes, highways, borders), and topographic data (map
shading indicating elevation). The Navigation Map can be oriented three different
ways: North Up (NORTH UP), Track Up (TRK UP) or Desired Track Up (DTK UP).
Hazard Avoidance
Additional Features
Inactive Leg
(White)
Active Leg
(Magenta)
Appendices
Aircraft Icon
Flight Plan Legs (Navigation Map)
Index
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39
Navigation
Overview
DATA FIELDS
The data fields can be independently configured by the user.
Flight Planning
Data Fields (Navigation Map)
Hazard Avoidance
Navigation
Data Fields
By default, the Data Bar Fields are set to display Ground Speed (GS), Distance - Next
(DIST NEXT), Vertical Speed Required (VSR), Time En Route - Next (ETE NEXT), and four
blank data fields. These eight data fields can be changed to display any of the Data
Field Options.
Index
Appendices
Additional Features
Changing the information shown in the data fields:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Map or Enroute Charts> Menu >
Change Data Fields.
2) Touch the desired Data Field to change. A list of available Data Field
Options is displayed.
3) Touch the desired Data Field Option.
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Navigation
DATA FIELD OPTIONS
• Next Waypoint (NEXT WPT)
• Altitude
• Sunrise
• Bearing (BRG)
• Sunset
• Climb Gradient (Alt per NM)
(CLIMB/NM)
• Time Over Target (Next) (TOT NEXT)
• Time En Route (Next) (ETE NEXT)
• Desired Track (DTK)
• Time of Arrival (NEXT) (ETA NEXT)
• Distance (Destination) (DIST DEST)
• Time to VNAV (VNAV TIME)
• Distance (Next) (DIST NEXT)
• Time (Local)
• En Route Safe Altitude (ESA)
• Time (UTC)
• Flight Timer (FLT TIMER)
• Vertical Speed (VS)
• Fuel Timer
• Vertical Speed Required (VSR)
• Glide Ratio (G/R)
• Wx (Altimeter) (WX ALTIM)
• Ground Speed (GS)
• Wx (Dew Point) (WX DEW PT)
• Ground Track (TRK)
• Wx (Humidity) (WX HUMIDITY)
• Height Above Ground Level (AGL)
• Wx (Temp) (WX TEMP)
• Minimum Safe Altitude (MSA)
• Wx (Wind) (WX WIND)
Hazard Avoidance
• Crosstrack Error (XTK)
• Time of Arrival (Destination) (ETA
DEST)
Flight Planning
• Course to Steer (CTS)
• Time En Route (Destination) (ETE
DEST)
Navigation
• Climb Gradient (Percent) (CLIMB
GRAD)
Overview
• Accuracy
Additional Features
Appendices
Index
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41
Navigation
Overview
COMPASS ARC
A compass arc appears by default on the Navigation Map. The magenta bug
indicator (similar to the bug indicator on the HSI) can be set by touching TRK on the
3D Vision Page.
Navigation
Magenta Bug Indicator
Flight Planning
Compass Arc
Hazard Avoidance
Compass Arc (Navigation Map)
Index
Appendices
Additional Features
Displaying/Removing the Compass Arc on the Navigation Map:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Map > Menu > Set Up.
2) Touch the dedicated page icon, and touch General.
3) Touch On or Off to display or remove the Compass Arc.
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Navigation
2.2 3D VISION
Touch and drag the three-dimensional view to change the perspective.
Appendices
3D Vision does not provide the accuracy or fidelity on which to base decisions and
plan maneuvers to avoid terrain or obstacles. Navigation should not be predicated
upon the use of the terrain or obstacle data displayed by 3D Vision.
Additional Features
Terrain is integrated within 3D Vision to provide visual and auditory alerts to indicate
the presence of terrain and obstacle threats relevant to the projected flight path.
Terrain alerts are displayed in red and yellow shading.
Hazard Avoidance
The 3D Vision terrain display shows land contours (colors are consistent with those
of the topographical map display), large water features, towers, and other obstacles
over 200’ AGL that are included in the obstacle database (if present). Cultural features
on the ground such as roads, highways, railroad tracks, cities, and state boundaries
are not displayed even if those features are found on the Navigation Map. The terrain
display also includes a north-south east-west grid with lines oriented with true north.
Flight Planning
3D Vision is a visual enhancement to the aera 660. 3D Vision depicts the topography
as seen from outside the aircraft. The depicted imagery is derived from the aircraft's
three-dimensional position, and databases of terrain, obstacles, and other relevant
features. Loss of the GPS signal, will cause 3D Vision to be disabled until it is restored.
Navigation
WARNING: Use appropriate systems for navigation, and for terrain, obstacle,
and traffic avoidance. 3D Vision does not provide either the accuracy or
reliability upon which to base decisions and/or plan maneuvers to avoid
terrain, obstacles, or traffic.
Overview
3D Vision provides a three-dimensional view of terrain features as seen from outside
the aircraft. 3D Vision imagery shows the relevant features in relation to the aircraft.
Index
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43
Navigation
Overview
Altitude
Navigation
Ground Speed
Vertical
Speed
Option
Menu
HSI
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
3D Vision (Tapes)
Appendices
Additional Features
3D Vision (Round Gauges)
Index
3D Vision (HSI Navigation)
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Navigation
3D VISION OPERATION
Overview
3D Vision is accessed from the Main Menu.
Viewing 3D Vision:
From the Main Menu, touch 3D Vision.
From the Main Menu, touch 3D Vision > Menu > Tapes or Round Gauges.
Flight Planning
Changing the Bearing Pointers:
1) From the Main Menu, touch 3D Vision > Menu.
2) Touch a 'Bearing Pointer' Data Option Button, and touch the desired
option from the list (Off, GPS, or Nearest Airport).
Navigation
Display instrument tapes or round gauges:
Hazard Avoidance
HORIZONTAL SITUATION INDICATOR (HSI)
The course pointer and course deviation needle indicate the current course and how
closely the aircraft is following it. The Bug Indicator can be set to ‘Bearing’, ‘Desired
Track’, a specific heading reference (‘User Selected’), or ‘Off’ (default).
Appendices
The graphic HSI displays current course, course (or crosstrack) error, To/From
indication, course pointer, bearing desired track, and course deviation indicator/scale
only when navigation is active (flight plan or direct-to); current ground track is always
displayed. The rotating compass indicates the aircraft's current ground track.
Additional Features
3D Vision Menu
Index
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45
Flight Planning
Navigation
Overview
Navigation
Bearing is the compass direction from the present position to a destination waypoint.
Desired Track is the recommended direction to steer in order to reduce cross-track error
and return to the course line.
The Course Deviation Indicator, or needle, indicates the aircraft’s distance off course,
left or right, based on its placement along the course deviation scale.
Manually selecting 0.25 nm, 1.25 nm, or 5.00 nm full-scale deflection overrides Auto
CDI selection. The manually-selected CDI scale setting remains active until conditions
are met for Auto CDI (below), at which time Auto CDI resumes. The active course
deviation scale (either automatically- or manually-selected) displays on the upper right
portion of the HSI. The default CDI scale setting is Auto CDI (not user-selectable),
which is selected at every power-up. Auto CDI uses three factors to determine the
distance from the center of the CDI to full left or right limits:
• CDI scale = 1.25 - within 30 nm of any airport in the active route.
Hazard Avoidance
• CDI scale = 0.25 - on an approach leg or within 2 nm of the FAF or MAP.
• CDI scale = 5.0 - if the previous two conditions are not met.
Changing the CDI Scale
Additional Features
Changing the CDI scale:
1) From the Main Menu, touch 3D Vision > Menu > More Options.
2) Touch the 'CDI Scale' Data Option Button, and touch the desired option
from the list (0.25 nm, 1.25 nm, or 5.00 nm).
Setting the Bug Indicator
Appendices
The Bug Indicator can be set from the 3D Vision option menu.
Setting the 3D Vision Bug Indicator:
1) From the Main Menu, touch 3D Vision > Menu > More Options.
2) Touch the 'Bug Indicator' Data Option Button, and touch the desired
option from the list (User Selected, Bearing, Desired Track, or Off).
Index
Manually Setting a Course (Only Available with Active
Navigation)
Touch 'CRS' on the 3D Vision Page to manually set a course to the destination.
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Navigation
Overview
Manually setting a course to the destination waypoint:
1) From the Main Menu, touch 3D Vision.
2) Touch CRS.
3) Touch YES when the 'Set OBS and hold?' window appears.
4) Select a course using the keypad and touch Enter.
Hazard Avoidance
Additional Features
Appendices
The VNAV function provides settings for the vertical navigation. These settings create
a three-dimensional profile from the present location and altitude to a final (target)
altitude at a specified location.
When the VNAV profile is defined, the pilot is informed of the progress by message
alerts. The teal bar on the HSI (when displayed) shows the VNAV profile.
The Vertical Navigation feature is only available when navigating a Direct To or flight
plan, and the ground speed is greater than 35 knots.
The VNAV indicator is displayed and the 'Estimated Time to VNAV' (VNAV TIME) field
goes blank one minute prior to the initial descent point; if the VNAV alert messages are
enabled, the 'Approaching VNAV profile' message appears.
The 'Approaching VNAV profile' message appears one minute prior to the initial
descent point. The descent angle locks to prevent changes in speed from altering the
profile. The VNAV feature does not take into account any changes in groundspeed that
occur during the transition from level flight to descent or climb.
Flight Planning
2.3 VERTICAL NAVIGATION (VNAV)
Navigation
Returning to only automatic sequencing when route is active (only
available when navigating a Direct-To or Flight Plan):
1) From the Main Menu, touch 3D Vision.
2) Touch CRS.
3) Touch Release OBS Hold returns OBS to CRS, even though no
sequencing occurred (only when Direct-To is active).
Index
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Overview
Navigation
At 500 ft above the target altitude, the VNAV indicator disappears from the altimeter;
if the VNAV alert messages are enabled, the 'Approaching VNAV target altitude'
message is displayed.
Navigation
CAUTION: The aera 660 is a VFR navigation tool and should not be used to
perform instrument approaches.
CAUTION: VNAV is only a VFR navigation aid and is not intended for
instrument approaches.
VN
AV
Flight Planning
ile
of
Pr
Distance to Profile
Glid
eR
atio
to T
arg
et
Airport
Visual Representation of VNAV
USING THE VNAV FEATURE
Use the VNAV (Vertical Navigation) feature to ensure the aircraft is at the proper
altitude. When the appropriate conditions for VNAV are met, the VNAV Indicator
displays as a teal pointer next to the altimeter. When the VNAV alert messages are
enabled, a message appears when approaching the VNAV Profile. When the teal
pointer is in the vertical center of the altimeter, the aircraft is at the proper altitude for
the VNAV Profile.
Index
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Target Altitude
Distance to Target
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Navigation
VNAV Indicator
Overview
Navigation
VNAV Indicator (3D Vision)
Flight Planning
Capturing/cancelling VNAV profile:
1) While navigating a Direct-To or Flight Plan, and wishing to capture (or
cancel) the current descent profile, select from the Main Menu, touch 3D
Vision > Menu.
2) Touch Capture Profile or Cancel Capture.
Hazard Avoidance
Additional Features
Configuring a VNAV profile:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Tools > VNAV.
Or:
2) From the 3D Vision page, select Menu > VNAV.
3) Touch the desired fields ('Waypoint', 'Profile', 'Altitude', etc.) to enter
the VNAV profile.
4) Touch and hold the Back Icon to return to the Main Menu.
Appendices
Index
Vertical Navigation Configuration
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49
Navigation
• Waypoint—Enter any waypoint along the currently active route as the
Overview
reference waypoint. The reference waypoint defines the target location.
• Profile—Enter the descent rate.
• Altitude—Enter the desired reference waypoint altitude. Select ‘Above
• By—Enter the target location with settings of distance ‘Before’ or ‘After’ a
reference waypoint. To set a target location at a reference waypoint, enter a
distance of zero.
• VNAV Messages—Touch ‘On’ or ‘Off’ to enable/disable VNAV alert messages.
2.4 MAP DISPLAY SETUP
Map displays are used extensively in the aera 660 to provide situational awareness
in flight. Most aera 660 maps can display the following information:
• Airports, NAVAIDs, airspaces, airways, land data (highways, cities, lakes, rivers,
borders, etc.) with names
• Map Pointer information (distance and bearing to pointer, location of pointer,
name, and other pertinent information)
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
Navigation
Waypoint’ to use field elevation for airports in the navigation database or
‘MSL’ to specify an exact MSL altitude target.
• Map range
• Aircraft icon (representing present position)
• Flight plan legs
Appendices
• User waypoints
• Track vector
Index
• Topography data
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Navigation
MAP ORIENTATION
Navigation
• North Up aligns the top of the map display to north (default setting).
Overview
Maps are shown in one of three different orientation options, allowing flexibility
in determining aircraft position relative to other items on the map (North Up), or for
determining where map items are relative to where the aircraft is going (Track Up), or
desired track up (DTK UP)).
• Track Up aligns the top of the map display to the current ground track.
• Desired Track (DTK) Up aligns the top of the map display to the desired course.
Appendices
Setting up and customizing airports, NAVAIDs, cities & roads for
the Navigation Map:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Map > Menu > Set Up.
2) Touch the Dedicated Page Icon, and touch the 'Airport', 'Navaid', 'City',
or 'Road' Group.
3) Touch
to select the desired settings.
Additional Features
AIRPORTS, NAVAIDS, CITIES & ROADS
Hazard Avoidance
Adjusting the map orientation:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Map > Menu > Set Up.
2) If necessary, touch the Dedicated Page Icon, and touch the General Group.
3) Touch the 'Orientation' Data Option Button, and touch the desired option
from the list (North Up, Track Up, or DTK Up).
Flight Planning
NOTE: Map orientation can only be changed from the Navigation Map Option
Menu. All other maps (except weather maps) that show navigation data
reflect the orientation selected for the Navigation Map.
Index
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Overview
Navigation
Map Setup (Cities)
AIRWAYS
Low Altitude Airways (or Victor Airways) primarily serve smaller piston-engine,
propeller-driven airplanes on shorter routes and at lower altitudes. Airways are eight
nautical miles wide and start 1,200 feet above ground level (AGL) and extend up
to but not including 18,000 feet mean sea level (MSL). Low Altitude Airways are
designated with a “V” before the airway number (hence the name “Victor Airways”)
since they run primarily between VORs.
High Altitude Airways (or Jet Routes) primarily serve airliners, jets, turboprops, and
turbocharged piston aircraft operating above 18,000 feet MSL. Jet Routes start at
18,000 feet MSL and extend upward to 45,000 feet MSL (altitudes above 18,000 feet
are called “flight levels” and are described as FL450 for 45,000 feet MSL). Jet Routes
are designated with a “J” before the route number.
Low Altitude Airways are drawn in gray. High Altitude Airways are drawn in green.
When both types of airways are displayed, high altitude airways are drawn on top of
Low Altitude Airways.
When airways are selected for display on the map, the airway waypoints (VORs,
NDBs and Intersections) are also displayed.
Displaying/removing airways:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Map > Menu > Set Up.
2) If necessary, touch the Dedicated Page Icon, and touch the Navaid Group.
3) Touch the 'Airways' Data Option Button, and touch the desired option
from the list ('Off', 'Low', 'High', or 'Both').
Index
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
Navigation
Dedicated
Page Icon
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Navigation
2.5 WAYPOINTS
Overview
The WPT INFO (Waypoint Information) function provides airport and waypoint
information.
-Waypoint Identifier/Symbol/Type
-Facility Name
-City/State
Info Tab
Additional Features
Waypoint
Identifier
Button
-Elevation
-Region
-Fuel Available
-Time Zone
(UTC Offset)
Bearing/
Distance
Waypoint Information (Info Tab)
Appendices
Option
Menu
Lat/Long
Index
The following descriptions and abbreviations are used:
• Usage type: Public, Military, or Private
• Runway surface type: Hard, Turf, Sealed, Gravel, Dirt, Soft, Unknown, or Water
190-02017-20 Rev. E
Hazard Avoidance
The waypoint function allows the pilot to review airport information, runway
information, frequencies, AOPA information (if available), and weather information (if
available) by touching the desired tab. The pilot can manually enter the identifier or
the aera 660 will choose the most appropriate identifier based on the current position and phase of flight.
Flight Planning
Waypoints can be selected by entering the ICAO identifier, entering the name of
the facility, or by entering the city name. As a waypoint identifier, facility name, or
location is entered, the aera 660’s Spell’N’Find™ feature scrolls through the database, displaying those waypoints matching the characters which have been entered
up to that point. A direct-to navigation leg to the selected waypoint can be initiated
by pressing the
Icon.
Navigation
Waypoints are predetermined geographical positions (internal database) or pilotentered positions, and are used for all phases of flight planning and navigation.
Garmin aera 660 Pilot’s Guide
53
Navigation
Overview
• Runway lighting type: No Lights, Part Time, Full Time, Unknown, or PCL Freq (for
pilot-controlled lighting)
• COM Availability: TX (transmit only), RX (receive only), PT (part time), * (additional
information available)
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
Navigation
Selecting an airport for review by identifier, facility name, or city:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Waypoint > Info Tab (if necessary).
2) Touch the Waypoint Identifier Button.
3) Enter the desired waypoint using the keypad and touch Enter.
Or:
a) Touch Find.
b) Touch the Search Name or Search City Tab.
c) Touch the Search by Facility Name or Search by City button.
d) Enter the facility name or city using the keypad and touch Enter.
Or:
a) Touch Find.
b) Touch the Recent, Nearest Airports, Flight Plan, or User Tab.
c) Touch the desired waypoint from the list.
4) If duplicate entries exist for the entered facility name or location, duplicate
waypoints are displayed. Touch the desired waypoint from the list.
Index
Appendices
Selecting a runway:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Waypoint > Runway Tab (if necessary).
2) Touch the Waypoint Identifier Button.
3) Enter the desired waypoint using the keypad and touch Enter.
Or:
a) Touch Find.
b) Touch the Search Name or Search City Tab.
c) Touch the Search by Facility Name or Search by City button.
d) Enter the facility name or city using the keypad and touch Enter.
Or:
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Navigation
a) Touch Find.
c) Touch the desired waypoint from the list.
If duplicate entries exist for the entered facility name or location, duplicate
waypoints are displayed. Touch the desired waypoint from the list.
5)
If multiple runways exist, touch the Runway Button, and touch the desired
runway from the vertical list.
-Length/Width
-Surface
-Lighting
-Traffic Pattern
Flight Planning
Waypoint
Identifier
Button
Runway Tab
Option
Menu
Waypoint Information (Runway Tab)
Additional Features
Selecting additional information for a frequency:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Waypoint > Freq Tab (if necessary).
Touch
Hazard Avoidance
Wind vectors are
displayed as headwind
and crosswind components. The runway
with the best headwind
is displayed in green.
2)
Navigation
4)
Overview
b) Touch the Recent, Nearest Airports, Flight Plan, or User Tab.
.
Appendices
Index
Waypoint Information (Freq Tab)
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55
The Frequencies Box uses the descriptions and abbreviations listed in the following table:
Communication
Navigation
Frequencies
Frequencies
Approach * Control
Pre-Taxi ILS
Arrival *
CTA *
Radar
LOC
ASOS
Departure * Ramp
ATIS
Gate
Terminal*
AWOS
Ground
TMA *
Center
Helicopter
Tower
Class B *
Multicom
TRSA *
Class C *
Other
Unicom
Clearance
* May include Additional Information
Frequency Abbreviations
NEAREST INFORMATION
The aera 660 provides a Nearest function which gives the pilot quick access to
nearest airport, weather, VOR, NDB, intersection, user waypoint, city, ARTCC, FSS, and
airspace information. If there are none available, “None Within 200 NM” is displayed.
The Nearest functions contain the following information.
• Airport—identifier, bearing, distance, length of the longest runway, and common
traffic advisory (CTAF) or tower frequency.
• Airport WX (Airport Weather)—identifier, bearing, distance, METAR text, and ATIS,
AWOS, or ASOS frequency.
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
Navigation
Overview
Navigation
• VOR (VHF Omnidirectional Radio Beacon)—identifier, facility type (symbol), bearing,
distance, and frequency.
Index
• NDB (Non Directional Beacons)—identifier, facility, type (symbol), bearing, distance,
and frequency.
• Intersection—identifier, bearing, and distance.
• VRP (Visual Reporting Point) (Atlantic Unit Only)—identifier, bearing, and distance.
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• USR WPT (User Waypoints)—name, bearing, and distance.
Overview
• City—name, bearing, and distance.
• ARTCC (Air Route Traffic Control Center)—bearing, distance, and frequency.
• FSS (Flight Service Station)—name, bearing, distance, frequency, and VOR (if
applicable).
Navigation
• Airspace—name, time to entry (when applicable), and status.
Flight Planning
Viewing nearest information:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Nearest.
2) Touch the Dedicated Page Icon, and touch the desired Nearest Icon
(Airport, Apt WX, VOR, NDB, INT, User WPT, City, ARTCC, FSS, or
Airspace).
3) Touch the desired nearest option from the list for additional information.
Or:
If viewing Nearest ARTCCs or FSSs, touch Multiple Freqs... to view
additional frequencies.
4) Touch the Back Icon to return to the previous page.
Hazard Avoidance
Additional Features
Nearest VORs List
Additional VOR Information
Appendices
NEAREST AIRPORT CRITERIA
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Index
The pilot can define the minimum runway length and surface type used when
determining the 15 nearest airports to display. A minimum runway length and/or
surface type can be entered to prevent airports with small runways or runways that
are not appropriately surfaced from being displayed. Default settings are 0 feet (or
meters) for runway length and "Any" for runway surface type. Private airports and
Heliports can also be included.
Overview
Navigation
The Nearest Airports Option Menu also allows the pilot to choose between displaying
the facility names, city names, bearing, or direction arrows.
Setting nearest airport criteria:
Refer to Section 1.7 'Airport Criteria Settings'.
Navigation
WEATHER AND NOTAM INFORMATION (OPTIONAL)
Textual weather and NOTAM information can be viewed several different ways.
Index
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
Viewing airport weather/NOTAM information:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Waypoint.
2) Enter the desired waypoint identifier.
3) Touch the Weather or NOTAM Tab.
Or:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Nearest.
2) Touch the Dedicated Page Icon, and touch Apt WX.
3) Touch the desired Nearest Airport Weather from the list.
Or:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Weather.
2) Touch Products, and touch METAR.
3) Touch the desired METAR flag.
4) Touch the Map Feature Button with the desired identifier displayed (refer to
'Map Panning' in the Overview Section for more information). The weather
information is displayed.
Or:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Map.
2) Touch the desired METAR Flag (If the METAR flags are not displayed, adjust
the settings from the Set Up > Weather menu option).
3) Touch the Map Feature Button with the desired identifier displayed (refer to
'Map Panning' in the Overview Section for more information). The weather
information is displayed.
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Navigation
METAR Selected
Overview
Navigation
Map
Feature
Button
Weather Information
+
+
Frequency
+
+
+
Name
+
+
+
City
+
+
+
+
State
+
+
+
+
Type
+
+
+
Morse Code
+
+
Radial
+
+
Airspace
User Wpt
+
FSS
Intersection
+
ARTCC
NDB
+
City
VOR
Identifier
+
+
+
+
+
+
Appendices
+
+
+
+
+
Bearing
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
Distance
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
Lat/Long
+
+
+
+
+
+
Garmin aera 660 Pilot’s Guide
Index
Region
190-02017-20 Rev. E
Additional Features
Airport
Additional Information
Hazard Avoidance
In addition to airport and weather information, additional information for VORs,
NDBs, Intersections, User Waypoints, Cities, ARTCCs, FSSs, and Airspace can be viewed
using the Waypoint Information function, the Nearest function, or the Map Panning
function.
Flight Planning
ACCESSING ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
+
59
Navigation
Elevation (MSL)
+
Fuel Available
+
Time Zone (UTC Offset)
+
Runway Information
+
AOPA
+
Weather
+
+
Controlling Agency
+
Vertical Boundaries
+
Class
+
INTERSECTIONS
Intersection information can be viewed using the Waypoint Information function, the
Nearest function, or the Map Panning function.
The Nearest Intersection function can be used to quickly find an intersection close to
the flight path. The list only includes Intersections that are within 200nm. If there are
no Intersections within the range, text indicating that there are no nearest intersections
is displayed.
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
Navigation
Overview
Additional Information
Index
Appendices
Select an intersection:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Waypoint.
2) Touch the Waypoint Identifier Field to begin entering the desired
intersection. Refer to the Overview Section on 'Data Entry' for more
information.
Or:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Nearest.
2) Touch the Dedicated Page Icon, and touch INT.
3) Touch the desired intersection from the list.
Or:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Map.
2) Touch the desired Intersection on the map.
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Navigation
3)
NDBS
The Nearest NDB function can be used to quickly find a NDB close to the flight path.
The list only includes NDBs that are within 200nm. If there are no NDBs in the list, text
indicating that there are no nearest NDBs is displayed.
Garmin aera 660 Pilot’s Guide
61
Index
190-02017-20 Rev. E
Appendices
The Nearest VOR function can be used to quickly find a VOR close to the flight path.
The list only includes VORs that are within 200nm. If there are no VORs in the list, text
indicating that there are no nearest VORs is displayed.
Additional Features
VOR information can be viewed using the Waypoint Information function, the
Nearest function, or the Map Panning function.
Hazard Avoidance
VORS
Flight Planning
Select an NDB:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Waypoint.
2) Touch the Waypoint Identifier Field to begin entering the desired NDB.
Refer to the Overview Section on 'Data Entry' for more information.
Or:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Nearest.
2) Touch the Dedicated Page Icon, and touch NDB.
3) Touch the desired NDB from the list.
Or:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Map.
2) Touch the desired NDB on the map.
3) Touch the Map Feature Button with the desired NDB displayed (refer to the
Overview Section on 'Map Panning' for more information). The intersection
information is displayed.
Navigation
NDB information can be viewed using the Waypoint Information function, the
Nearest function, or the Map Panning function.
Overview
Touch the Map Feature Button with the desired intersection displayed (refer
to the Overview Section on 'Map Panning' for more information). The
intersection information is displayed.
Localizer information cannot be viewed for the VOR. If a VOR station is combined
with a TACAN station it is listed as a VORTAC, and if it includes only DME it is displayed
as VOR-DME.
Select an VOR:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Waypoint.
2) Touch the Waypoint Identifier Field to begin entering the desired VOR.
Refer to the Overview Section on 'Data Entry' for more information.
Or:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Nearest.
2) Touch the Dedicated Page Icon, and touch VOR.
3) Touch the desired VOR from the list.
Or:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Map.
2) Touch the desired VOR on the map.
3) Touch the Map Feature Button with the desired VOR displayed (refer to the
Overview Section on 'Map Panning' for more information). The intersection
information is displayed.
USER WAYPOINTS
The aera 660 can create and store up to 3,000 user-defined waypoints. Once a
waypoint has been created, it can be renamed, deleted, or moved.
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
Navigation
Overview
Navigation
Index
User Waypoints
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Navigation
Overview
Creating user waypoints:
1) To create a new user waypoint at the current location or using the Map
Pointer:
a) From the Main Menu, touch Tools > User Waypoints > Menu.
b) Touch Create Waypoint.
Or:
b) Touch the Map Feature Button.
Navigation
a) With a map displayed, touch an empty area without any map features.
c) Touch Save.
a) From the Main Menu, touch GPS Info > Position Tab > Menu.
b) Touch Mark Waypoint.
Enter the desired user waypoint name (up to 10 characters) and touch
Enter. Refer to the Overview Section on 'Data Entry' for more information.
3)
If changing the User Waypoint settings (symbol, altitude, location, or
reference waypoints) continue with Step 4.
4)
If desired, touch the Symbol Field to change the symbol that will appear
on the map.
Hazard Avoidance
2)
Flight Planning
Or:
Additional Features
a) Touch the desired symbol.
b) Touch OK.
Appendices
User Waypoint Symbols
5)
If desired, touch the Altitude Field
b) Touch Enter.
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63
Index
a) Enter the desired altitude using the keypad or the +/- buttons. Refer to
the Overview Section on 'Data Entry' for more information.
Navigation
6)
If desired, touch the Location Field.
Overview
a) Enter the desired latitude and longitude by touching the left/right
arrows to move the cursor, and the up/down arrows to change the
value.
Flight Planning
Navigation
b) Touch Enter.
User Waypoint Location
Hazard Avoidance
7)
If desired, touch the Menu Icon and touch 'Reference Waypoints' to enter a
bearing and distance from another waypoint or the bearing from two other
waypoints to define a new waypoint location.
a) Touch the Waypoint Field(s) to enter the desired waypoint.
b) Touch the Bearing and/or Distance Fields to enter the desired values.
Appendices
Additional Features
c) Touch OK.
Reference Waypoints
Index
Selecting and viewing nearest user waypoints:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Nearest.
2) Touch the Dedicated Page Icon, and touch User WPT.
3) Touch the desired User Waypoint. The User Waypoint information is
displayed.
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Navigation
Additional Features
Appendices
Index
65
Hazard Avoidance
Garmin aera 660 Pilot’s Guide
Flight Planning
190-02017-20 Rev. E
Navigation
Deleting user waypoints:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Tools > User Waypoints > User Tab.
2) Delete a single waypoint, delete all waypoints, delete by symbol or delete
by distance:
a) Touch the desired User Waypoint. The option menu automatically
displays
b) Touch the 'Delete Waypoint' menu option. The confirmation window
will appear.
Or:
a) Touch the Menu Icon.
b) Touch the 'Delete All' menu option. The confirmation window will
appear.
Overview
Editing or renaming a user waypoint:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Tools > User Waypoints > User Tab.
2) Touch the desired User Waypoint. The option menu automatically displays.
3) Touch Edit Waypoint.
4) Touch the desired field to edit:
a) Touch the Name Button.
b) Enter the desired user waypoint name (up to 10 characters). Refer to
the Overview Section on 'Data Entry' for more information.
Or:
a) Touch the Symbol Button.
b) Touch the desired symbol.
Or:
a) Touch the Altitude Button.
b) Enter the desired altitude. Refer to the Overview Section on 'Data
Entry' for more information.
Or:
a) Touch the Location Button.
b) Enter the desired latitude and longitude by touching the left/right
arrows to move the cursor, and the up/down arrows to change the
value.
5) Touch Enter.
Navigation
Or:
Overview
a) Touch the Menu Icon.
b) Touch the 'Delete by Symbol' menu option.
c) Touch the desired symbol to delete. The symbol will be highlighted
blue.
Navigation
d) Touch the OK icon. The confirmation window will appear.
Or:
a) Touch the Menu Icon.
b) Touch the 'Delete by Distance' menu option.
d) If desired, touch the 'Less Than/More Than' Button, and touch the
Distance Field to enter the desired distance.
e) Touch the OK icon. The confirmation window will appear.
3)
Touch Yes.
CITIES
City information can be viewed using the Waypoint Information function, the Nearest
function, or the Map Panning function.
The Nearest City function can be used to quickly find a city close to the flight path.
The list only includes cities that are within 200nm. If there are no cities in the list, text
indicating that there are no nearest cities is displayed.
Select a city:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Waypoint > Info Tab.
2) Touch the Waypoint Identifier Field.
3) Touch Find > Search City Tab > Search by City.
4) Enter the desired city using the keypad and touch Enter. Refer to the
Overview Section on 'Data Entry' for more information.
Or:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Nearest.
2) Touch the Dedicated Page Icon, and touch City.
3) Touch the desired Nearest City from the list.
Index
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
c) If desired, touch the From Field and touch 'Current Location'
(default), 'Use Identifier', or 'Use Map' from the option menu.
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Navigation
Or:
From the Main Menu, touch Map.
2)
Touch the desired city symbol on the map.
3)
Touch the Map Feature Button with the desired city displayed (refer to
the Overview Section on 'Map Panning' for more information). The city
information is displayed.
Overview
1)
Navigation
ARTCC
ARTCC information can be viewed using the Nearest function.
Select an ARTCC:
From the Main Menu, touch Nearest.
2)
Touch the Dedicated Page Icon, and touch ARTCC.
Hazard Avoidance
1)
FSS
FSS information can be viewed using the Nearest function.
Select an FSS:
2)
Touch the Dedicated Page Icon, and touch FSS.
AIRSPACE
The Nearest Airspace function and Airspace Alerts provide information about
airspaces and the location of the aircraft in relationship to them. The Nearest Airspace
function can be used to quickly find airspaces close to the flight path.
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Garmin aera 660 Pilot’s Guide
67
Index
The Nearest Airspace function displays the class of airspace, controlling agency,
vertical boundaries, and status.
Appendices
From the Main Menu, touch Nearest.
Additional Features
The Nearest FSS function can be used to quickly find a FSS close to the flight path.
The list only includes FSS that are within 200nm. If there are no FSSs in the list, text
indicating that there are no nearest FSSs is displayed.
1)
Flight Planning
The Nearest ARTCC function can be used to quickly find a ARTCC close to the flight
path. The list only includes ARTCC that are within 200nm. If there are no ARTCCs in
the list, text indicating that there are no nearest ARTCCs is displayed.
Navigation
Flight Planning
Navigation
Overview
Selecting and viewing nearest airspaces:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Nearest.
2) Touch the Dedicated Page Icon, and touch Airspace.
3) Touch the desired airspace from the list. The airspace information is
displayed.
4) If desired, touch 'Frequencies' to view frequencies associated with that
airspace.
Airspace Alert Messages
If airspace alarms are set to 'On' (default is 'Off'), the aera 660 will display a message
which includes the airspace name, time to entry (if applicable), and status. Touch the
message to acknowledge it.
There are four types of status information:
• Ahead—Projected to enter the airspace within the next 10 minutes or less
• Near—Within two nautical miles of an airspace but not projected to enter it.
• Near & Ahead—Project to enter the airspace within two nautical miles.
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Nearest Airspace
• Inside Airspace—Within the boundaries of the airspace.
Index
Airspace alert setup:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Tools > Setup > Airspace.
2) Touch the desired On/Off Button(s).
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Navigation
Overview
Navigation
Airspace Alert Message
Smart Airspace shows airspace at and immediately surrounding the aircraft’s current
altitude in bold. Airspaces at all other altitudes are de-emphasized.
Flight Planning
Smart Airspace™
Hazard Avoidance
Bold Airspace
Additional Features
De-emphasized
Airspace
Smart Airspace™
Appendices
Smart Airspace setup:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Map > Menu > Set Up.
2) Touch the Dedicated Page Icon, and touch Airspace.
3) Touch the 'Smart Airspace' On/Off Button.
Index
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Garmin aera 660 Pilot’s Guide
69
Navigation
Airspace labels are displayed on any airspace visible on the Navigation Map,
worldwide. With Smart Airspace configured, the labels are deemphasized when
appropriate. Range visibility and label size are configured under the 'Airspace' Map
Setup Menu.
Airspace altitude label setup:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Map > Menu > Set Up.
2) Touch the Dedicated Page Icon, and touch Airspace.
3) Touch the Down Button to view the Altitude Labels configuration
options.
4) Select the desired range visibility and/or text size.
Flight Planning
Navigation
Overview
Airspace Altitude Labels
Additional Features
2.6 DIRECT-TO NAVIGATION
Appendices
Hazard Avoidance
Airspace
Altitude
Label
The Direct-to method of navigation, initiated by pressing the Direct To Icon is
quicker to use than a flight plan when the desire is to navigate to a single point such
as a nearby airport.
Airspace Altitude Labels (Map Page)
Airspace Altitude Labels (Map Setup Page)
Index
The Direct To Icon is available in the dedicated page icons on the right side of most
pages.
Once a direct-to is activated, the aera 660 establishes a point-to-point course line
from the present position to the selected direct-to destination. Course guidance is
provided until the direct-to is replaced with a new direct-to or flight plan, or cancelled.
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Navigation
Overview
Navigation
Direct To
Additional Features
Appendices
Index
Garmin aera 660 Pilot’s Guide
Hazard Avoidance
190-02017-20 Rev. E
Flight Planning
Entering a direct-to destination:
1) When available, touch the Direct To
Icon.
2) Touch the Flight Plan, Nearest, or Recent Tab.
3) Touch the desired waypoint.
4) Touch Activate.
Or:
1) When available, touch the Direct To
Icon.
2) From the Waypoint Tab, touch Select Waypoint.
3) Enter a waypoint identifier using the keypad and touch Enter.
Or:
a) Touch Find.
b) Touch the Recent, Nearest Airports, Flight Plan, or User Tab.
c) Touch the desired waypoint.
Or:
a) Touch Find.
b) Touch the Search Name Tab.
c) Touch Search by Facility Name.
d) Enter the desired Facility Name using the keypad.
e) Touch Enter.
Or:
71
Navigation
a) Touch Find.
Overview
b) Touch the Search City Tab.
c) Touch Search by City.
d) Enter the desired City using the keypad.
e) Touch Enter.
Navigation
4)
Touch Activate.
Flight Planning
Selecting a nearby airport as a direct-to destination:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Nearest.
2) Touch the Dedicated Page Icon, and touch Airport.
3) Touch the desired nearest airport.
4) Touch Direct To
.
5)
Touch Activate.
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Selecting a waypoint as a direct-to destination using the pointer:
1) With a map displayed, activate the map pointer by touching the desired
waypoint. If no airport, NAVAID, or User Waypoint exists at the desired
location, a temporary waypoint named 'Map Pointer' is automatically
created at the location of the map pointer.
2) Touch Direct
.
3) Touch Activate.
Icon.
Index
Appendices
Cancelling a direct-to:
1) While navigating a Direct To Flight Plan, touch the Direct To
2) Touch Stop Navigation.
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Flight Planning
Overview
SECTION 3 FLIGHT PLANNING
3.1 INTRODUCTION
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Garmin aera 660 Pilot’s Guide
Index
Changing the information shown in the flight plan data fields:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Active Flight Plan.
Or:
a) From the Main Menu, touch Flight Plan List.
b) Touch the desired Saved Flight Plan from the list. An option menu
appears.
c) Touch Edit.
Appendices
The Active and Saved Flight Plan Data Fields can be changed by touching the Data
Field Buttons at the top of the flight plan.
Additional Features
DATA FIELDS
Hazard Avoidance
Whenever an approach is loaded into the active flight plan it replaces the destination
airport with a sequence of waypoints for the selected approach. The airport must have
a published instrument approach and only the final course segment (usually from final
approach fix to missed approach point) of the published approach is available in the
aera 660.
Flight Planning
Up to 50 flight plans with up to 300 waypoints each can be created and stored
in memory. One flight plan can be activated at a time and becomes the active flight
plan. The active flight plan is erased when the destination is reached and the system
is turned off. When storing flight plans with an approach, the aera 660 uses the
waypoint information from the current database to define the waypoints. If the
database is changed or updated, the aera 660 automatically updates the information
if the procedure has not been modified. If an approach is no longer available, the
procedure is deleted from the affected stored flight plan(s), and an alert is displayed.
Navigation
Flight planning on the aera 660 consists of building a flight plan by entering
waypoints one at a time and inserting approaches as needed. The flight plan is
displayed on maps using different line widths, colors, and types, based on the type of
leg and the segment of the flight plan currently being flown.
73
Overview
Flight Planning
2)
Touch the desired Data Field Button at the top of the Flight Plan.
3)
Touch to select the desired Data Field from the list. The currently selected
Data Field is outlined blue.
4)
If desired, repeat Steps 2-3 for the remaining Data Fields.
Flight Plan Data Fields
3.2 FLIGHT PLAN CREATION
The active flight plan is the flight plan to which the aera 660 is currently providing
guidance, and is shown on the navigation maps. Stored flight plans are flight plans
available for activation (becomes the active flight plan).
Data Fields
Active
Leg
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
Navigation
Data Field Button
Option
Menu
Index
Active Flight Plan
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Flight Planning
Overview
Creating an active flight plan:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Active Flight Plan.
2) Touch Add Waypoint.
3) Enter a waypoint identifier using the keypad and touch Enter.
Or:
a) Touch Find.
b) Touch the Recent, Nearest Airports, Flight Plan, or User Tab.
c) Touch the desired waypoint.
Or:
a) Touch Find.
b) Touch the Search Name Tab.
c) Touch Search by Facility Name.
d) Enter the desired Facility Name using the keypad.
e) Touch Enter.
Or:
a) Touch Find.
b) Touch the Search City Tab.
c) Touch Search by City.
d) Enter the desired City using the keypad.
Navigation
Flight Planning
Hazard Avoidance
If duplicate entries exist for the entered facility name or location, duplicate
waypoints are displayed. Touch the desired waypoint from the list.
5)
Repeat Steps 2-4 to enter each additional waypoint.
Appendices
4)
Garmin aera 660 Pilot’s Guide
Index
Creating a stored flight plan:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Flight Plan List > Menu > New Flight
Plan.
2) Touch Add Waypoint.
3) Enter a waypoint identifier using the keypad and touch Enter.
Or:
190-02017-20 Rev. E
Additional Features
e) Touch Enter.
75
Flight Planning
Overview
a) Touch Find.
b) Touch the Recent, Nearest Airports, Flight Plan, or User Tab.
c) Touch the desired waypoint.
Or:
a) Touch Find.
Navigation
b) Touch the Search Name Tab.
c) Touch Search by Facility Name.
d) Enter the desired Facility Name using the keypad.
e) Touch Enter.
Flight Planning
Or:
a) Touch Find.
b) Touch the Search City Tab.
c) Touch Search by City.
e) Touch Enter.
4)
If duplicate entries exist for the entered facility name or location, duplicate
waypoints are displayed. Touch the desired waypoint from the list.
5)
Repeat Steps 2-4 to enter each additional waypoint.
ADDING WAYPOINTS TO AN EXISTING FLIGHT PLAN
Waypoints can be added to the active flight plan or any stored flight plan. Choose
the flight plan, select the desired point of insertion, enter the waypoint, and it is added
in front of the selected waypoint. Flight plans are limited to 300 waypoints (including
approach waypoints).
Adding a waypoint to an active or stored flight plan:
1) With an active or saved flight plan displayed, touch the desired point of
insertion. An option menu will appear.
2) Touch Insert Before or Insert After.
3) Enter a waypoint identifier using the keypad and touch Enter.
Or:
Index
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
d) Enter the desired City using the keypad.
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Flight Planning
a) Touch Find.
Overview
b) Touch the Recent, Nearest Airports, Flight Plan, or User Tab.
c) Touch the desired waypoint.
Or:
a) Touch Find.
Navigation
b) Touch the Search Name Tab.
c) Touch Search by Facility Name.
d) Enter the desired Facility Name using the keypad.
e) Touch Enter.
Flight Planning
Or:
a) Touch Find.
b) Touch the Search City Tab.
c) Touch Search by City.
e) Touch Enter.
4)
If duplicate entries exist for the entered facility name or location, duplicate
waypoints are displayed. Touch the desired waypoint from the list.
An Approach Procedure can be loaded at any airport that has an approach available.
Only one approach can be loaded at a time in a flight plan. The route for a selected
approach is defined by designating transition waypoints.
With an active or saved flight plan displayed, touch the Menu Icon
2)
Touch Select Approach.
3)
Touch
4)
Touch the desired approach. The designated transition waypoints are
added to the flight plan.
5)
If desired, touch Load Approach, Activate Approach, or Activate
Vectors-to-Final.
Appendices
1)
Additional Features
Loading an approach procedure into a stored flight plan:
Hazard Avoidance
d) Enter the desired City using the keypad.
to display a list of approaches.
Index
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Garmin aera 660 Pilot’s Guide
77
TRANSFERRING FLIGHT PLANS USING CONNEXT
The aera 660 can share flight plans with other devices using Connext, such as other
Garmin portables, panel mount navigators, and the Garmin Pilot app on iPad and
Android tablets. Once paired over Bluetooth, the user can decide how flight plans are
shared between devices. From the Main Menu, go to Tools > Setup > Connext to
configure the aera 660's flight plan sharing behavior.
No Transfer
Ignore received flight plans
Incoming
Flight Plan Require Action Display a popup to confirm receiving a flight plan
Mode
Automatically update active flight plan with changes
Automatic
from other devices
Outgoing Require Action Only send flight plans from Active Flight Plan page
Flight Plan
Automatically send active flight plan to connected
Automatic
Mode
devices as it updates
In the case that the aera 660 didn't receive a flight plan update when expected to,
the aera can request the most recent flight plan from the connected equipment. To
pull an active flight plan from the connected equipment, go to Man Menu > Active
Flight Plan > Connext > Load FPL.
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
Navigation
Overview
Flight Planning
Index
Pulling Flight Plan From Connected Device
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Flight Planning
Navigation
When receiving Direct-to destinations, the aera 660 will use the Incoming Flight
Plan Mode setting. Require Action will update only the Direct To page, but not start
navigation. Automatic will automatically receive the destination and start direct-to
navigation.
Overview
All flight plan transfers will send or update the aera 660's active flight plan, unless a
Direct-to destination is active. While navigating to a Direct-to destination, the aera 660
will send flight plan updates as long as Outgoing Flight Plan Mode is set to Require
Action or Automatic. Note that the aera 660 can send Direct-to destinations to other
portable devices and the Garmin Pilot app; Direct-to destinations can't be sent to
panel-mount navigators over Connext.
Flight Planning
Hazard Avoidance
3.3 FLIGHT PLAN STORAGE
Viewing information about a stored flight plan:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Flight Plan List.
2) Touch the desired saved flight plan. An option menu is displayed.
3) Touch Edit.
Appendices
The aera 660 can store up to 50 flight plans. The active flight plan is erased when
another flight plan is activated. Details about each stored flight plan can be viewed
using the Flight Plan List function.
Additional Features
Receiving a Flight Plan While Set to Require Action
Index
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79
Navigation
Overview
Flight Planning
Storing an active flight plan:
1) With the Active Flight Plan displayed, touch Menu.
2) Touch Save Copy. A confirmation window appears.
3) Touch Yes. A copy of the flight plan is stored in the next available position
in the Flight Plan List.
3.4 FLIGHT PLAN ACTIVATION
Activating a stored flight plan erases the active flight plan and replaces it with a copy
of the flight plan being activated. Inverting a stored flight plan reverses the waypoint
order, erases the active flight plan, and replaces it with the flight plan being activated
(the stored flight plan is not changed).
Activating a stored flight plan:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Flight Plan List.
2) Touch the desired saved flight plan. An option menu is displayed.
3) Touch Activate. A confirmation window appears.
4) Touch Yes.
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
Flight Plan List
Index
Activating a Flight Plan Leg:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Active Flight Plan.
2) While navigating an active flight plan, touch the desired leg to be activated.
An option menu automatically appears.
3) Touch Activate Leg.
4) Touch Yes.
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Flight Planning
Overview
EDITING SPEED AND FUEL FLOW
Navigation
Adjusting the Flight Plan cruise speed and fuel flow:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Flight Plan List.
2) Touch the desired saved flight plan. An option menu is displayed.
3) Touch Edit.
4) Touch Plan Fuel and/or Plan Spd Fields to enter the desired value using
the keypad and touch Enter.
Or:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Active Flight Plan.
2) Touch Plan Fuel and/or Plan Spd Fields to enter the desired value using
the keypad and touch Enter.
Data
Fields
Flight Plan
Cruise Speed
Additional Features
Flight Plan
Fuel Flow
Hazard Avoidance
Editing these values in the Flight Plan List or Active Flight Plan pages will apply
to flight plans until the aera 660 unit is powered off. In order to edit these values
permanently, go to Main Menu > Tools > Profile.
Flight Planning
If Plan Fuel or Plan Spd aren't present in the Active Flight Plan page, it's necessary
to change the page's data fields to show fuel and speed related variables. Selecting
Cumulative Fuel or Leg Fuel data fields will show the Plan Fuel value. Selecting
Cumulative ETE, Cumulative Fuel, Estimated Time of Arrival, Leg ETE, or Leg Fuel data
fields will show the Plan Spd value.
Appendices
Flight Plan Fuel Flow and Cruise Speed on Active Flight Plan Page
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COPYING FLIGHT PLANS
The aera 660 allows copying a flight plan into a new flight plan memory slot,
allowing editing, etc., without affecting the original flight plan. This can be used to
duplicate an existing stored flight plan for use in creating a modified version of the
original stored flight plan.
Navigation
Overview
Flight Planning
Flight Planning
Copying a stored flight plan:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Flight Plan List and touch the desired Flight
Plan.
2) Touch Copy > Yes.
DELETING FLIGHT PLANS
Individual or all stored flight plans can be deleted from the aera 660 memory.
Hazard Avoidance
Deleting a stored flight plan:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Flight Plan List and touch the desired Flight
Plan.
2) Touch Delete > Yes.
Additional Features
Deleting all stored flight plans:
From the Main Menu, touch Flight Plan List > Menu > Delete All >
Yes.
Appendices
NOTE: The changes made to the active flight plan affect navigation as soon as
they are entered. Editing the active flight plan does not affect any saved flight
plans. Waypoints in the final approach segment (such as the FAF or MAP) can
not be deleted individually.
Deleting the Active Flight Plan:
From the Main Menu, touch Active Flight Plan > Menu > Stop
Navigation.
Index
Deleting an individual waypoint from the active flight plan:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Active Flight Plan.
2) While navigating an active flight plan, touch the waypoint to be deleted.
An option menu appears.
3) Touch Remove > Yes.
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Flight Planning
Overview
Deleting an individual waypoint from a saved flight plan:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Flight Plan List.
2) Touch the desired saved flight plan. An option menu is displayed.
3) Touch Edit.
4) Touch the desired waypoint to be deleted. An option menu appears.
5) Touch Remove > Yes.
Navigation
INVERTING A FLIGHT PLAN
Inverting the active flight plan:
From the Main Menu, touch Active Flight Plan > Menu > Invert >
Yes.
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Index
Whenever an approach is selected the aera 660 automatically activates the approach.
The procedure is added to the end of the flight plan and immediately begins to provide
guidance to the first waypoint in the approach.
Appendices
An approach can be loaded at any airport that has one available, and provides
guidance for non-precision and precision approaches to airports with published
instrument approach procedures. Only one approach can be loaded at a time in a
flight plan. If an approach is loaded when another approach is already in the active
flight plan, the new approach replaces the previous approach. Only the final course
segment (Final Approach Fix (FAF) to Missed Approach Point (MAP)) of the published
approach is available for monitoring.
Additional Features
WARNING: The aera 660 is not designed to be independently used for flight
into instrument meteorological conditions (IMC) or other conditions in which
aircraft control is based solely upon flight instruments. The approaches
provided are for monitoring purposes only. Only the final course segment
(final approach fix (FAF) to missed approach point (MAP)) of the published
approach is available for monitoring.
Hazard Avoidance
3.5 APPROACHES
Flight Planning
Any flight plan may be inverted (reversed) for navigation back to the original
departure point.
Navigation
Overview
Flight Planning
Select Approach
When selecting an approach, it replaces the destination airport with the sequence
of waypoints for the selected approach. Keep in mind that the airport must have a
published approach (GPS, RNAV, VOR, NDB, localizer, or ILS) and only the final course
segment (final approach fix to missed approach point) of the published approach is
available in the aera 660. If the airport does not have a published approach, the
'Select Approach' menu option is not available.
An approach can be selected using the Direct-to, Active Flight Plan, and the Saved
Flight Plan functions.
Selecting an approach from the active or saved flight plan:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Active Flight Plan.
Or:
a) From the Main Menu, touch Flight Plan List.
b) Touch the desired Flight Plan from the list. An option menu appears.
c) Touch Edit.
2) With the flight plan displayed, touch Menu.
3) Touch Select Approach (only available if the destination airport has a
published approach).
4) Touch
to display a list of approaches.
5) Touch the desired approach.
6) Touch Load Approach, Activate Approach, or Activate Vectors-toFinal. The designated transition waypoints are added to the flight plan.
Index
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
SELECTING AN APPROACH
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Flight Planning
Overview
Selecting an approach using the Direct To function:
1) Touch the Direct To Icon.
2) Touch the Menu Icon.
3) Touch Select Approach (only available when navigating a flight plan.
4) Touch
to display a list of approaches.
5) Touch the desired approach.
6) Touch Load Approach, Activate Approach, or Activate Vectors-toFinal. The designated transition waypoints are added to the flight plan.
Navigation
Resuming the Flight Plan after activating an approach:
From the Main Menu, touch Active Flight Plan.
Hazard Avoidance
1)
Or:
Touch the Direct To Icon.
With a flight plan and an approach activated, touch the Menu Icon.
3)
Touch Resume Flight Plan.
Additional Features
2)
Flight Planning
Whenever an approach is selected and activated the procedure is added to the end
of the flight plan and the aera 660 immediately begins to provide guidance to the
first waypoint in the approach. Follow the steps below to resume the flight plan after
activating the approach.
Appendices
Removing an approach:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Active Flight Plan.
Or:
a) From the Main Menu, touch Flight Plan List.
b) Touch the desired Flight Plan from the list. An option menu appears.
c) Touch Edit.
2) With the flight plan displayed, touch Menu.
3) Touch Remove (only available if an approach is loaded).
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ACTIVATING VECTORS-TO-FINAL
After an approach has been activated, the 'Activate Vectors-to-Final' menu option
is used when being vectored to the final approach course by Air Traffic Control (ATC).
When Vectors-to-Final are activated, the aera 660 creates an extension of the final
course, beyond the final approach waypoint in the database (final approach fix [FAF]).
A Vector to Final symbol appears beside the first approach waypoint in the Active Flight
Plan.
Activating/Cancelling Vectors-to-Final:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Active Flight Plan.
2) While navigating an Active Flight Plan (with an approach activated), touch
the Menu Icon.
3) Touch the active approach.
4) Touch Activate Vectors-to-Final or Cancel Vectors-to-Final.
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
Navigation
Overview
Flight Planning
Index
Appendices
Additional Features
Vectors-toFinal Symbol
Final Course
Extension
Vectors-to-Final (Active Flight Plan)
Vectors-to-Final (Map)
The aera 660 provides no guidance to the inbound course. The course deviation
needle on the graphic HSI remains off-center until established on the final approach
course. The map shows an extension of the final approach course using a bold
magenta line.
If Vectors-to-Final are not activated, the aera 660 creates a straight-line course
directly to the first waypoint in the approach.
Loading the approach cancels the Direct-to and initiates a route to the FAF.
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Overview
SECTION 4 HAZARD AVOIDANCE
4.1 WEATHER
WEATHER DATA SOURCES
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Index
Weather Products can be displayed on the Navigation Map Page and individually on
the Weather Page.
Appendices
WARNING: Do not use the indicated data link weather product age to
determine the age of the weather information shown by the datalink weather
product. Due to time delays inherent in gathering and processing weather
data for data link transmission, the weather information shown by the data
link weather product may be significantly older than the indicated weather
product age.
Additional Features
WARNING: Do not use data link weather information for maneuvering in,
near, or around areas of hazardous weather. Information contained within
data link weather products may not accurately depict current weather
conditions.
Hazard Avoidance
USING WEATHER PRODUCTS
Flight Planning
Selecting the weather data source:
1) From the Main Menu, touch the Weather > Menu > Data Source.
2) Touch the desired weather source (Auto, SiriusXM, GDL FIS-B, or Internet).
Or:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Tools > Setup > Weather.
2) Touch the desired weather source (Auto, SiriusXM, GDL FIS-B, or Internet).
Navigation
When multiple weather information sources are detected, the weather data source
options are available. There are four possible options available for selection through
the Setup Page or Weather Page; Auto, SiriusXM, GDL FIS-B, and Internet. The default
selection is ‘Auto.’ Data from the selected weather source will apply to all weather
shown on the Map Page, Waypoint Page, Weather Page, Nearest Page, and configurable
data fields.
The setup menu for the Navigation Map controls the map range settings above which
weather products are decluttered from the display. If a map range larger than the
weather product map range setting is selected, the weather product data is removed
from the map. For weather products such as Lightning and Storm Cells, the weather
product is displayed when a map range “smaller” than the weather product map
range setting is selected (Cloud Tops works inversely, displaying when a map range
'larger' than the setting is selected). The menu also provides a means for enabling/
disabling display of weather products on the Navigation Map.
Additional information about many of the weather products can be displayed by
touching the object on the map.
Flight Planning
Navigation
Overview
Hazard Avoidance
Hazard Avoidance
Viewing Weather products on the Navigation Map:
1)
From the Main Menu touch the Map Icon.
2)
Touch the Menu Icon.
3)
Touch the Weather button.
Additional Features
Viewing Weather products on the Weather Map:
1)
From the Main Menu touch the Weather Icon.
2)
Touch Products.
3)
Touch the desired weather product(s).
Appendices
Viewing legends for displayed weather products:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Map.
Or:
a) From the Main Menu, touch Weather.
b) Touch the Dedicated Page Icon and touch the desired weather data.
2) Touch Menu.
3) Touch Weather Legend.
4)
If desired, touch the
buttons until the desired legend is displayed.
Index
Animating weather:
With weather enabled and radar displayed, from the Main Menu, touch
Map or Weather > Menu > Animate Weather.
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Hazard Avoidance
NOTE: The displayed weather products are dependant on the SiriusXM
Weather Data Service Package purchased.
Navigation
The following SiriusXM devices can be used to display SiriusXM weather:
Overview
SiriusXM® WEATHER
Compatible SiriusXM Devices
GDL 51/51R
Flight Planning
GDL 52/52R
ACTIVATING SERVICES
Refer to the compatible SiriusXM device Owner’s Manual for more information on
activating SiriusXM Satellite Radio.
SiriusXM WEATHER INFORMATION
• Service Level—SiriusXM Weather subscription plan purchased.
• Weather Products—List of weather features and age of weather data in minutes.
Appendices
• Radio ID—Eight-digit ID number used for activation.
Additional Features
SiriusXM Satellite Radio uses the Radio ID to send an activation signal that allows
the aera to display weather data and/or entertainment programming provided through
the compatible SiriusXM device.
Hazard Avoidance
Before SiriusXM Satellite Weather can be used, the service must be activated.
Service is activated by providing SiriusXM Satellite Radio with a Radio ID unique to the
compatible SiriusXM device.
Accessing the Radio ID:
From the Main Menu, touch Tools > Data Link.
Index
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Navigation
Overview
Hazard Avoidance
Radio
ID
Index
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
Accessing the SiriusXM Radio ID
SiriusXM SATELLITE WEATHER PRODUCTS
Radar
NEXRAD (NEXt-generation RADar), is a network of multiple high-resolution Doppler
radar sites that are operated by the National Weather Service (NWS). NEXRAD data
provides centralized meteorological information for the continental United States and
selected overseas locations. The maximum range of a single NEXRAD radar site is 250
nm. In addition to a wide array of services, the NEXRAD network provides important
information about severe weather and air traffic safety.
NEXRAD data is not real-time. The lapsed time between collection, processing, and
dissemination of NEXRAD images can be significant and may not reflect the current
radar synopsis. Due to the inherent delays and the relative age of the data, it should
be used for long-range planning purposes only. Never use NEXRAD data or any radar
data to maneuver in or near areas of hazardous weather. Rather, use it in an earlywarning capacity of pre-departure and enroute evaluation.
Data from all the NEXRAD radar sites in the United States is shown. This data
represents the base reflectivity from the individual radar sweeps. The display of the
information is color-coded to indicate the weather severity level.
The display of radar coverage is always active when NEXRAD is selected. Areas
where NEXRAD radar coverage is not currently available or is not being collected are
indicated in grayish-purple. Radar capability exists in these areas, but it is not active
or is off-line.
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Hazard Avoidance
Radar Abnormalities
Overview
There are possible abnormalities regarding displayed NEXRAD images. Some, but
not all, of those include:
• Ground clutter
• Sun strobes, when the radar antenna points directly at the sun
• Military aircraft deploy metallic dust (chaff) which can cause alterations in radar
scans
Radar Limitations
• NEXRAD does not provide sufficient information to determine cloud layers
or precipitation characteristics (hail vs. rain). For example, it is not possible to
distinguish between wet snow, wet hail, and rain.
• The composite reflectivity is the maximum dBZ reflectivity from any of the
reflectivity angles of the NEXRAD weather radar. (CONUS area only)
Colors are used to identify the different NEXRAD echo intensities (reflectivity)
measured in dBZ (decibels of Z). “Reflectivity” (designated by the letter Z) is the
amount of transmitted power returned to the radar receiver. The dBZ values increase
as returned signal strength increases. Precipitation intensity is displayed using colors
corresponding to the dBZ values.
Appendices
Radar Intensity
Additional Features
• NEXRAD base reflectivity is sampled at the minimum antenna elevation angle. An
individual NEXRAD site cannot depict high altitude storms at close ranges, and
has no information about storms directly over the site.
Hazard Avoidance
Certain limitations exist regarding the NEXRAD radar displays. Some, but not all, are
listed for the user’s awareness:
Flight Planning
• Interference from buildings or mountains, which may cause shadows
Navigation
• Strobes and spurious radar data
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RADAR Legend
Radar Data
Cloud Tops
Satellite observation of clouds is represented as temperature data, where colder tops
are typically found at higher altitudes. This temperature data is transformed into cloud
top height contours, indicating the height of the cloud top in 5,000 foot increments.
RADAR Legend
Cloud Tops Data
Echo Tops
Echo Tops are derived from NEXRAD radar and indicate the highest altitude at which
precipitation is falling. Echo Tops at or above the altitude you select are displayed, in
5,000 foot increments up to 70,000 ft. Echo Tops can be helpful in determining the
severity of thunderstorms.
Index
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
Navigation
Overview
Hazard Avoidance
Echo Tops Data
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Echo Tops Altitudes
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Hazard Avoidance
Winds Aloft data shows the forecasted wind speed and direction at the surface and
at selected altitudes.
The wind barbs always point in the direction that the wind is coming from. The wind
speed is depicted using flags at the end of the wind barb. A short wind flag is 5 knots,
a long wind flag is 10 knots, and a triangle flag is 50 knots.
Navigation
Winds Aloft are displayed using wind barbs or a wind streamline depending on
the selected range. The wind barbs indicate wind speed and direction. The wind
streamline indicates wind direction with arrows.
Overview
Winds Aloft
Flight Planning
Winds Aloft Altitudes
Additional Features
Winds Streamlines
Hazard Avoidance
Winds Aloft Data
Winds Barbs
Appendices
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Temperatures Aloft
Temperature Aloft data shows the forecasted temperatures aloft in 3,000-foot
increments up to 39,000 feet MSL. For altitudes 18,000 feet and above the relative
ISA temperature is shown. Temperatures are color coded with temperatures near
and below freezing are shown as shades of blue, green for temperatures just above
freezing and shades of orange are used for warmer temperatures.
Flight Planning
Navigation
Overview
Hazard Avoidance
Temperatures Aloft Altitudes
Lightning
Lightning data shows the approximate location of cloud-to-ground lightning strikes.
A strike icon represents a strike that has occurred within a two-kilometer region and
within the last seven minutes. The exact location of the lightning strike is not displayed.
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Temperatures Aloft Data
Index
Lightning Data
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Hazard Avoidance
The Storm Cells feature displays storms as well as the storm’s projected path in the
immediate future.
Navigation
The direction of the storm is displayed by an arrow. The map range at which the
arrow is displayed depends on the storm cell's speed. The tip of the arrow indicates
where the storm should be in 15 minutes. Critical information about the storm cell
(tops and intensity) can be viewed by selecting the storm cell with the map pointer.
Touching the Map Feature Button will display additional information.
Overview
Storm Cells
Flight Planning
Hazard Avoidance
Storm Cell Data (Map)
Additional Storm Cell Information
METARs and TAFs
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Index
TAF (Terminal Area Forecast) is the standard format for 24-hour weather forecasts.
TAFs may contain some of the same code as METAR data. It typically forecasts
significant weather changes, temporary changes, probable changes, and expected
changes in weather conditions.
Appendices
METAR (METeorological Aerodrome Report) is an international code used for
reporting weather observations. METARs are updated hourly or as needed. METARs
typically contain information about the temperature, dewpoint, wind, precipitation,
cloud cover, cloud heights, visibility, and barometric pressure. They can also contain
information on precipitation amounts, lightning, and other critical data. If METAR data
is available for an airport, a color-coded flag is shown next to the airport.
Additional Features
NOTE: METAR information is only displayed within the installed aviation
database service area.
An abbreviated METAR can be viewed by selecting the METAR flag with the map
pointer. Touching the Map Feature Button will display additional information. METAR
and TAF data can be displayed as raw or decoded text.
Map
Feature
Button
METAR
Selected with
Map Pointer
Flight Planning
Navigation
Overview
Hazard Avoidance
METAR Data (Map)
Additional METAR Data
Hazard Avoidance
The METAR flag color is determined by the information in the METAR text.
VFR (ceiling greater than 3000 feet AGL and visibility greater than 5
miles)
Additional Features
Marginal VFR (ceiling 1000-3000 feet AGL and/or visibility 3-5 miles)
IFR (ceiling 500 to below 1000 feet AGL and/or visibility 1 mile to less
than 3 miles)
Low IFR (ceiling below 500 feet AGL or visibility less than 1 mile)
Index
Appendices
METAR text does not contain adequate information to determine
flight conditions
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Hazard Avoidance
Navigation
An AIRMET (AIRmen’s METeorological Information) can be especially helpful for
pilots of light aircraft that have limited flight capability or instrumentation. An AIRMET
must affect or be forecast to affect an area of at least 3,000 square miles at any one
time. AIRMETs are routinely issued for six-hour periods and are amended as necessary
due to changing weather conditions. AIRMETs are displayed as green (surface winds),
magenta and red (IFR/mountain obscuration), orange (turbulence), or blue (icing)
shaded areas on the map display.
Overview
AIRMETs
Flight Planning
Additional AIRMET Data
SIGMETs
A Convective SIGMET is issued for the following conditions: thunderstorms, isolated
severe thunderstorms, embedded thunderstorms, hail at the surface, and tornadoes.
Appendices
A SIGMET is widespread and must affect or be forecast to affect an area of at least
3,000 square miles. SIGMETs are displayed as a yellow-dashed line.
Additional Features
A SIGMET (SIGnificant METeorological Information) advises of weather that is
potentially hazardous to all aircraft. In the contiguous United States, the following
items are covered: severe icing, severe or extreme turbulence, volcanic ash, dust storms,
and sandstorms that lower visibility to less than three statute miles.
Hazard Avoidance
AIRMET Selected
Index
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Hazard Avoidance
NOTE: Do not rely solely upon data link services to provide Temporary Flight
Restriction TFR information. Always confirm TFR information through official
sources such as Flight Service Stations of Air Traffic Control.
Temporary Flight Restrictions, or TFRs, temporarily restrict all aircraft from entering
the selected airspace unless a waiver has been issued. TFRs are routinely issued for
activities such as sporting events, dignitary visits, military depots, and forest fires. TFRs
are represented as an area highlighted by red (active) or yellow (not yet active).
TFR Data Selected
Additional TFR Information
PIREPs
Pilot Weather Reports (PIREPs) provide timely weather information for a particular
route of flight. When significant weather conditions are reported or forecast, Air Traffic
Control (ATC) facilities are required to solicit PIREPs. A PIREP may contain unforecast
adverse weather conditions, such as low in-flight visibility, icing conditions, wind shear,
and turbulence. PIREPs are issued as either Routine (UA) or Urgent (UUA).
Icing PIREPs
Negative Icing
Index
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
Navigation
Overview
Temporary Flight Restrictions (TFR)
98
Sky Condition PIREPs
Unknown Sky
Condition
Turbulence PIREPs
Negative Turbulence or
Smooth
Trace Icing
Sky Clear
Light Turbulence
Trace to Light
Icing
Few Clouds
Light to Moderate
Turbulence
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Hazard Avoidance
Sky Condition PIREPs
Turbulence PIREPs
Scattered Clouds
Moderate Turbulence
Light to
Moderate Icing
Broken Clouds
Moderate to Severe
Turbulence
Moderate Icing
Overcast
Severe Turbulence
Moderate to
Severe Icing
IMC
Extreme Turbulence
Navigation
Light Icing
Overview
Icing PIREPs
Severe Icing
Flight Planning
PIREP Icons
Hazard Avoidance
Additional PIREP Data
Freezing Level
Freezing Level shows contours for the lowest forecast altitude where icing conditions
are likely to occur.
Additional Features
PIREP Selected
Appendices
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Freezing Level Data
99
Turbulence Forecast
Turbulence data identifies the potential for erratic movement of high-altitude air mass
associated winds. Turbulence is classified as light, moderate, or severe. Turbulence
data is intended to supplement AIRMETs and SIGMETs.
Flight Planning
Navigation
Overview
Hazard Avoidance
Turbulence Selected
Turbulence Forecast Legend
Icing data depicts the current icing environment at select altitudes.
Current Icing Severity (CIS) is displayed in three categories: light, moderate, and
heavy (not specific to aircraft type).
Supercooled Large Droplet (SLD) icing conditions are characterized by the presence
of relatively large, super cooled water droplets indicative of freezing drizzle and
freezing rain aloft.
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Icing Forecast (CIP & SLD)
Moderate Icing Selected With Map Pointer
Index
Icing Forecast Legend
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Hazard Avoidance
Forecast information is available for current and forecast weather conditions.
Forecasts are available for intervals of 12, 24, 36, and 48 hours.
Overview
Weather Forecast
Navigation
Flight Planning
Weather Fronts
Fronts Legend
Surface Pressure
Surface Pressure forecasts are available for intervals of 12, 24, 36, and 48 hours.
Additional Features
This feature displays pressure isobars and pressure centers. The isobars connect
points of equal pressure. Pressure readings can help determine weather and wind
conditions. High pressure areas are generally associated with fair weather. Low
pressure areas are generally associated with clouds and the chance of precipitation.
Isobars that are packed closely together show a strong pressure gradient. Strong
gradients are associated with areas of stronger winds. Pressure units can be displayed
in Millibars (mb), Hectopascals (pa), or Inches of Mercury (in).
Hazard Avoidance
Surface Pressure information is available for current and forecase weather conditions.
Appendices
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Surface Pressure Data
101
DATA LINK WEATHER (FIS-B)
FIS-B is a subscription-free weather service that is broadcast by Ground Based
Transceivers (GBTs) over the 978 MHz UAT frequency band as part of the FAA’s Next
Generation Air Transportation System (NextGen). To receive FIS-B weather information,
the compatible device must be within range and line-of-sight of an operating GBT.
Reception may be affected by altitude, terrain, and other factors.
FIS-B Weather Product
Connection
Bluetooth RS-232
NEXRAD
Flight Planning
Navigation
Overview
Hazard Avoidance
Cloud Tops Forecast
Winds and Temperatures Aloft
Hazard Avoidance
Lightning
METARs/TAFs
TAFs
Additional Features
AIRMETs
SIGMETs
PIREPs
NOTAM (D)/FDC (Including TFRs)
Appendices
Turbulence Forecast
Icing Forecast
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Index
Available FIS-B Weather Products by Connection
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Hazard Avoidance
Overview
Viewing FIS-B Weather product Status:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Weather.
2) Touch Menu > More Info.
Navigation
Viewing Ground Station Status:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Tools > Data Link.
2) Touch Menu > Ground Stations.
FIS-B WEATHER PRODUCTS
FIS-B weather broadcasts are updated regularly and may take approximately
ten minutes to transmit all available weather data. Therefore, weather data is not
immediately available. No pilot action is required to receive FIS-B weather information.
Weather product status can be viewed on the dedicated Weather Page,or the Data Link
Page from the Tools menu.
Flight Planning
When a FIS-B weather product is active on a map, the age of the data is displayed
on the screen in the lower left corner. The age of the product is based on the time
difference between when the data was assembled on the ground and the current GPS
time. Weather products are broadcast at specific intervals (see broadcast interval in
the table below).
Hazard Avoidance
Appendices
The table below shows the FIS-B weather expiration time and the broadcast interval.
The broadcast interval represents the interval at which FIS-B GBTs broadcast new
signals that may or may not contain new weather data. It does not represent the rate
at which weather data is updated or new content is received by the compatible device.
Additional Features
If, for any reason, a weather product is not refreshed within the Expiration Time
intervals (see table), the data is considered expired and is removed from the display.
This ensures that only data that is consistent with FIS-B broadcast data is displayed.
If more than half of the expiration time has elapsed, the color of the product age
displayed changes to yellow. The system displays dashes instead of a product age
when a product has expired.
Index
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Expiration
Time
Update Interval
(Minutes)
Broadcast
Interval
(Minutes)
NEXRAD Composite
Reflectivity (CONUS)
75 minutes
~5 minutes precipitation mode
10 minutes for clear air
15
As Available
2.5
1 hour
15
12 hours
10
75 minutes
5 minutes
5
Hazard Avoidance
METAR
8 hours
1 minute (where available), As
Available otherwise
5
TAF
12 hours
8 hours
10
AIRMET
12 hours
As Available
5
Additional Features
SIGMET
12 hours
As Available, then at 15 minute
intervals for 1 hour
5
PIREP
4 hours
As Available
10
NOTAM (D)/FDC
(Including TFRs)
12 hours
As Available
10
Turbulence Forecast
1 hour
15
1 hour
15
Flight Planning
Navigation
Overview
FIS-B Products
Appendices
Hazard Avoidance
NEXRAD Composite
75 minutes
Reflectivity (Regional)
105
Cloud Tops Forecast
minutes
Winds and
12 hours
Temperatures Aloft
Lightning
Icing Forecast
105
minutes
105
minutes
Index
Weather Product Timing
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Index
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Appendices
Radar Abnormalities
There are possible abnormalities regarding displayed NEXRAD images. Some, but
not all, of those include:
• Ground clutter
• Strobes and spurious radar data
• Sun strobes, when the radar antenna points directly at the sun
• Military aircraft deploy metallic dust (chaff) which can cause alterations in radar
scans
• Interference from buildings or mountains, which may cause shadows
• Poor reception from Ground Based Transceivers (GBTs) can cause portions of the
received radar imagery to not be displayed
Additional Features
The display of radar coverage is always active when NEXRAD is selected. Areas
where NEXRAD radar coverage is not currently available or is not being collected are
indicated in grayish-purple on the NEXRAD weather page. Radar capability exists in
these areas, but it is not active or is off-line.
Hazard Avoidance
Composite data from all the NEXRAD radar sites in the United States is shown. This
data is composed of the maximum reflectivity from the individual radar sweeps. The
display of the information is color-coded to indicate the weather severity level.
Flight Planning
NEXRAD data is not real-time. The lapsed time between collection, processing, and
dissemination of NEXRAD images can be significant and may not reflect the current
radar synopsis. Due to the inherent delays and the relative age of the data, it should
be used for long-range planning purposes only. Never use NEXRAD data or any radar
data to maneuver in or near areas of hazardous weather.
Navigation
NEXRAD (NEXt-generation RADar), is a network of multiple high-resolution Doppler
radar sites that are operated by the National Weather Service (NWS). NEXRAD data
provides centralized meteorological information for the continental United States and
selected overseas locations. The maximum range of a single NEXRAD radar site is 250
nm. In addition to a wide array of services, the NEXRAD network provides important
information about severe weather and air traffic safety.
Overview
Radar
Radar Limitations
Certain limitations exist regarding the NEXRAD radar displays. Some, but not all, are
listed for the user’s awareness:
• NEXRAD base reflectivity does not provide sufficient information to determine
cloud layers or precipitation characteristics (hail vs. rain). For example, it is not
possible to distinguish between wet snow, wet hail, and rain.
• NEXRAD base reflectivity is sampled at the minimum antenna elevation angle. An
individual NEXRAD site cannot depict high altitude storms at close ranges, and
has no information about storms directly over the site.
Radar Intensity
Colors are used to identify the different NEXRAD echo intensities (reflectivity)
measured in dBZ (decibels of Z). “Reflectivity” (designated by the letter Z) is the
amount of transmitted power returned to the radar receiver. The dBZ values increase
as returned signal strength increases. Precipitation intensity is displayed using colors
corresponding to the dBZ values.
Index
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
Navigation
Overview
Hazard Avoidance
RADAR Legend
NEXRAD Data
Radar Products
FIS-B weather provides two different Radar products, CONUS and Regional. The
system can display each individually or a composite (COMBINED). When Regional
Radar is displayed, only precipitation for the current region is displayed. The subdued
(grayish-purple colored) area represents the area not covered by the regional radar
product. When Combined radar data is viewed, Regional Radar data is displayed on
top of CONUS data and the time shown in the lower left corner is associated with
Regional Radar data only.
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Overview
Navigation
FIS-B Radar CONUS
FIS-B Radar Regional
Flight Planning
FIS-B Radar Combined
Winds Aloft data shows the forecasted wind speed and direction for select altitudes.
The wind barbs always point in the direction that the wind is coming from. The wind
speed is depicted using flags at the end of the wind barb. A short wind flag is 5 knots,
a long wind flag is 10 knots, and a triangle flag is 50 knots.
Additional Features
Winds Aloft are displayed using wind barbs. The wind barbs indicate wind speed
and direction.
Hazard Avoidance
Winds Aloft
Appendices
190-02017-20 Rev. E
Winds Aloft Altitudes
Garmin aera 660 Pilot’s Guide
Index
Winds Aloft Data
107
Winds Aloft Legend
Temperatures Aloft
Temperature Aloft data shows the forecasted temperatures aloft for select altitudes.
For altitudes above 18,000 feet, the relative ISA temperture is shown. Temperatures
are color coded with temperatures near and below freezing are shown as shades of
blue, green for temperatures just above freezing, and shades of orange are used for
warmer temperatures.
Temperatures Aloft Data
Temperatures Aloft Altitudes
Cloud Tops Forecast
Cloud Tops Forecast data displays forecasted cloud top heights. Heights are
indicated in 1,500 foot increments from 1,500 feet up to 15,000 feet and in 3,000
foot increments from 15,000 feet up to 24,000 feet.
Index
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
Navigation
Overview
Hazard Avoidance
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Overview
Navigation
Cloud Tops Forecast Data
Cloud Tops Forecast Legend
NOTE: METAR information is only displayed within the installed aviation
database service area.
Appendices
Abbreviated METAR text can be viewed by selecting the METAR flag with the map
pointer. Touching the Map Feature Button will display additional information. METAR
and TAF data can be displayed as raw or decoded text.
Additional Features
TAF (Terminal Area Forecast) is the standard format for 24-hour weather forecasts.
TAFs may contain some of the same code as METAR data. It typically forecasts
significant weather changes, temporary changes, probable changes, and expected
changes in weather conditions.
Hazard Avoidance
METAR (METeorological Aerodrome Report) is an international code used for
reporting weather observations. METARs are updated hourly or as needed. METARs
typically contain information about the temperature, dewpoint, wind, precipitation,
cloud cover, cloud heights, visibility, and barometric pressure. They can also contain
information on precipitation amounts, lightning, and other critical data. If METAR data
is available for an airport, a color-coded flag is shown next to the airport.
Flight Planning
METARs and TAFs
Index
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Navigation
Overview
Hazard Avoidance
Map
Feature
Button
METAR Data (Map)
Additional METAR Data
Flight Planning
The METAR flag color is determined by the information in the METAR text.
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Marginal VFR Ceiling 1000-3000 feet AGL and/or visibility 3-5 miles
IFR
Ceiling 500 to below 1000 feet AGL and/or visibility 1
mile to less than 3 miles
Low IFR
Ceiling below 500 feet AGL or visibility less than 1 mile
Undetermined
METAR text does not contain adequate information to
determine flight conditions
AIRMETs
An AIRMET (AIRmen’s METeorological Information) can be especially helpful for
pilots of light aircraft that have limited flight capability or instrumentation. An AIRMET
must affect or be forecast to affect an area of at least 3,000 square miles at any one
time. AIRMETs are routinely issued for six-hour periods and are amended as necessary
due to changing weather conditions. AIRMETs are displayed as colored, dashed lines.
Index
Appendices
Ceiling greater than 3000 feet AGL and visibility greater
than 5 miles
VFR
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Overview
AIRMET Selected
Navigation
Map
Feature
Button
Additional AIRMET Data
A SIGMET (SIGnificant METeorological Information) advises of weather that is
potentially hazardous to all aircraft. In the contiguous United States, the following
items are covered: severe icing, severe or extreme turbulence, volcanic ash, dust storms,
and sandstorms that lower visibility to less than three statute miles.
A SIGMET is widespread and must affect or be forecast to affect an area of at least
3,000 square miles. SIGMETs are displayed as a yellow-dashed line.
NOTE: Do not rely solely upon data link services to provide Temporary Flight
Restriction TFR information. Always confirm TFR information through official
sources such as Flight Service Stations of Air Traffic Control.
Appendices
Temporary Flight Restrictions, or TFRs, temporarily restrict all aircraft from entering
the selected airspace unless a waiver has been issued. TFRs are routinely issued for
activities such as sporting events, dignitary visits, military depots, and forest fires.
TFRs are represented as an area highlighted by red (active), yellow (not yet active), or
orange (undetermined).
Additional Features
Temporary Flight Restrictions (TFR)
Hazard Avoidance
A Convective SIGMET is issued for the following conditions: thunderstorms, isolated
severe thunderstorms, embedded thunderstorms, hail at the surface, and tornadoes.
Flight Planning
SIGMETs
Index
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Map
Feature
Button
TFR Data Selected
TFR Legend
PIREPs
Pilot Weather Reports (PIREPs) provide timely weather information for a particular
route of flight. When significant weather conditions are reported or forecast, Air Traffic
Control (ATC) facilities are required to solicit PIREPs. A PIREP may contain unforecast
adverse weather conditions, such as low in-flight visibility, icing conditions, wind shear,
and turbulence. PIREPs are issued as either Routine (UA) or Urgent (UUA), and are
represented as a small colored icon. The color and style of the icons signify the type
and severity of the reported weather conditions.
Icing PIREPs
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
Navigation
Overview
Hazard Avoidance
Index
Appendices
Negative Icing
Sky Condition PIREPs
Unknown Sky
Condition
Turbulence PIREPs
Negative Turbulence or
Smooth
Trace Icing
Sky Clear
Light Turbulence
Trace to Light
Icing
Few Clouds
Light to Moderate
Turbulence
Light Icing
Scattered Clouds
Moderate Turbulence
Light to
Moderate Icing
Broken Clouds
Moderate to Severe
Turbulence
Moderate Icing
Overcast
Severe Turbulence
Moderate to
Severe Icing
IMC
Extreme Turbulence
Severe Icing
PIREP Icons
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Overview
PIREP Selected
Navigation
Map
Feature
Button
Additional PIREP Data
Turbulence data identifies the potential for erratic movement of high-altitude air
mass associated winds. Turbulence is classified as light, moderate, severe, or extreme.
Turbulence data is intended to supplement AIRMETs and SIGMETs.
Flight Planning
Turbulence Forecast
Hazard Avoidance
Additional Features
Turbulence Selected
Turbulence Forecast Legend
Appendices
Index
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Icing Forecast
Icing Forecast data shows a graphical view of the forecasted icing environment.
Icing severity is displayed in four categories: trace, light, moderate, and heavy (not
specific to aircraft type).
Supercooled Large Droplet icing conditions are characterized by the presence of
relatively large, super cooled water droplets indicative of freezing drizzle and freezing
rain aloft.
Flight Planning
Navigation
Overview
Hazard Avoidance
SLD Icing Threat Selected With Map Pointer
Icing Forecast Legend
Lightning
Lightning data shows the approximate location, number, and polarity of lightning
strikes. A strike icon represents the amount of lightning strikes that have recently
occurred within an approximately one-nautical-mile region. The exact location of the
lightning strikes are not displayed. The strike icon indicates Polarity(+) if any of the
strikes in that region were positive polarity.
Index
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Light Icing Selected With Map Pointer
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Overview
Navigation
Lightning Data
Lightning Legend
INTERNET WEATHER
Viewing Internet Weather product Status:
From the Main Menu, touch Weather.
2)
Touch Menu > More Info.
Hazard Avoidance
1)
Flight Planning
Internet weather is a subscription-free weather service proved by Garmin Weather
Data Services. Garmin Weather Data Services requires a data connection through WiFi (refer to section 1.6, 'WiFi Setup').
Additional Features
Internet Weather Product Information
INTERNET WEATHER PRODUCTS
Garmin Weather Data Services products include Radar, METAR, and TAF data.
Appendices
To receive up-to-date weather information, the device must have access to a Wi-Fi
data connection. However, once downloaded, some weather products will remain
available for up to 90 minutes after connection to the Internet is lost.
Radar
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Index
Weather radar data is collected from radar sites across the United States, Canada,
and select overseas locations. It is combined into a mosaic for easier display and
analysis.
The radar data displayed is not real-time. The lapsed time between collection,
processing, and dissemination of radar images can be significant and may not reflect
the current radar synopsis. Due to the inherent delays and the relative age of the
data, it should be used for long-range planning purposes only. Never use radar data
to penetrate hazardous weather. Rather, use it in an early-warning capacity for predeparture evaluation.
Composite data from radar sites in the United States is shown. This data is
composed of the maximum reflectivity from the individual radar sweeps at different tilt
angles of the radar beam with respect to the ground. The display of the information
is color-coded to indicate the weather severity level. Colors are used to identify the
different echo intensities (reflectivity) measured in dBZ (decibels or Z). “Reflectivity”
(designated by the letter Z) is the amount of transmitted power returned to the radar
receiver. The dBZ values increase as returned signal strength increases. Precipitation
intensity is displayed using colors corresponding to the dBZ values.
Radar Abormalities
There are possible abnormalities regarding displayed radar images. Some, but not
all, of those include:
• Ground clutter
• Strobes and spurious radar data
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
Navigation
Overview
Hazard Avoidance
• Sun strobes (when the radar antenna points directly at the sun)
• Military aircraft deploy metallic dust (chaff) which can cause alterations in radar
scans
Radar Limitations
Certain limitations exist regarding radar displays. Some, but not all, are listed for
the user’s awareness:
• Surface precipitation type is estimated with shades of blue for snow and shades
of pink for indeterminate types. The actual precipitation type aloft could vary.
Index
Appendices
• Interference from buildings or mountains, which may cause shadows
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Overview
• Radar base reflectivity is sampled at the minimum antenna elevation angle. An
individual radar site cannot depict high altitude storms at close ranges, and has
no information about storms directly over the site.
• Radar coverage in Canada is only available in the southern 1/4 of the country.
Radar Intensity
Hazard Avoidance
Radar Data
NOTE: METAR information is only displayed within the installed aviation
database service area.
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Index
TAF (Terminal Area Forecast) is the standard format for 24-hour weather forecasts.
TAFs may contain some of the same code as METAR data. It typically forecasts
significant weather changes, temporary changes, probable changes, and expected
changes in weather conditions.
Appendices
METAR (METeorological Aerodrome Report) is an international code used for
reporting weather observations. METARs are updated hourly or as needed. METARs
typically contain information about the temperature, dewpoint, wind, precipitation,
cloud cover, cloud heights, visibility, and barometric pressure. They can also contain
information on precipitation amounts, lightning, and other critical data. If METAR data
is available for an airport, a color-coded flag is shown next to the airport.
Additional Features
METARs and TAFs
190-02017-20 Rev. E
Flight Planning
RADAR Legend
Navigation
Colors are used to identify the different radar echo intensities (reflectivity) measured
in dBZ (decibels of Z). “Reflectivity” (designated by the letter Z) is the amount of
transmitted power returned to the radar receiver. The dBZ values increase as returned
signal strength increases. Precipitation intensity is displayed using colors corresponding
to the dBZ values.
An abbreviated version can be viewed by selecting the METAR flag with the map
pointer. Touching the Map Feature Button will display additional information. METAR
and TAF data can be displayed as raw or decoded text.
Map
Feature
Button
METAR Data (Map)
Additional METAR Data
The METAR flag color is determined by the information in the METAR text.
VFR
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
Navigation
Overview
Hazard Avoidance
Ceiling greater than 3000 feet AGL and visibility greater
than 5 miles
Marginal VFR Ceiling 1000-3000 feet AGL and/or visibility 3-5 miles
Additional Features
IFR
Low IFR
Ceiling 500 to below 1000 feet AGL and/or visibility 1 mile
to less than 3 miles
Ceiling below 500 feet AGL or visibility less than 1 mile
Index
Appendices
METAR text does not contain adequate information to determine flight
conditions
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WARNING: Do not use Terrain information for primary terrain avoidance.
Terrain information is intended only to enhance situational awareness.
Appendices
Index
119
Additional Features
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Flight Planning
The Terrain function displays altitudes of terrain and obstructions relative to
the aircraft position and altitude with reference to a database that may contain
inaccuracies. Terrain and obstructions are shown only if they are in the database.
Terrain and obstacle information should be used as an aid to situational awareness.
They should never be used to navigate or maneuver around terrain.
Note that all obstructions may not be available in the terrain and obstacle database.
No terrain and obstacle information is shown without a valid 3-D GPS position.
The aera 660 GPS receiver provides the horizontal position and altitude of the
aircraft. Aircraft GPS altitude is derived from satellite position. GPS altitude is then
converted to a mean sea level (MSL)-based altitude (GPS-MSL altitude) and is used to
determine terrain and obstacle proximity. GPS-MSL altitude accuracy is affected by
satellite geometry, but is not subject to variations in pressure and temperature that
normally affect pressure altitude sensors. GPS-MSL altitude does not require local
altimeter settings to determine MSL altitude. It is a widely-used MSL altitude source.
Terrain and obstacle databases are referenced to MSL. Using the GPS position
and altitude, the Terrain feature portrays a 2-D picture of the surrounding terrain and
obstacles relative to the position and altitude of the aircraft. GPS position and GPSMSL altitude are used to calculate and predict the aircraft’s flight path in relation to the
surrounding terrain and obstacles. In this way, the pilot can view predicted dangerous
terrain and obstacle conditions.
Alert windows appear to inform the pilot of proximity to the terrain and obstacles,
as well as an unsafe descent rate. These alerts depend on user-defined parameters in
the Terrain Setup.
Navigation
NOTE: Terrain depicted in the Profile View is always “ahead” of the aircraft,
and will change as ground track changes.
Overview
4.2 TERRAIN
Navigation
Overview
Hazard Avoidance
TERRAIN INFORMATION
Two views are displayed by the Terrain function: the Map View, and the Profile View.
The areas of the terrain shaded red are predicted to be within 100 feet below or
above the aircraft. The yellow terrain areas are between the user-defined Caution
Elevation and 100 feet below the aircraft. By default, the Caution Elevation is 1,000
feet; therefore, the areas in yellow are between 1,000 feet and 100 feet below the
aircraft. The black areas are further than the Caution Elevation. A projected point of
impact is marked with an “X” symbol.
Obstacles are shown on the Terrain Map View, at or below the map range of 12 nm.
Obstacles are also shown on the Navigation Map when the map range is set to 5 nm
or below.
Standard aeronautical chart symbols are used for lighted or unlighted obstacles
taller than 200 feet Above Ground Level (AGL). Refer to the Obstacle Icons legend
below.
When selecting an obstacle with the Map Pointer, each obstacle displays the altitude
at the top of the obstacle, or Mean Sea Level (MSL). Each obstacle also lists the actual
height of the obstacle, or Above Ground Level (AGL).
Unlighted Obstacle Lighted Obstacle
Potential
Power
< 1000’ > 1000’ < 1000’ > 1000’ Lines Impact
Points
AGL
AGL
AGL
AGL
Obstacle
Location
WARNING: Red
obstacle is above
or within 100’
below current
aircraft altitude
CAUTION:
Yellow obstacle
is between 100’
and 1000’ below
current aircraft
altitude
Index
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
OBSTACLE INFORMATION
Terrain Obstacle Colors and Symbology
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These icons will appear in the upper right corner of the map to show what obstacles
are represented on the map.
Description
Overview
MAP STATUS ICONS
Icon
Navigation
Point Obstacles such as buildings,
towers, and radio masts
Wire Obstacles such as power lines
Flight Planning
Terrain shading is active with valid
GPS position
Terrain shading is active with invalid
GPS position
Hazard Avoidance
Map Status Icons
TERRAIN AND OBSTACLE COLOR CODE
Red—terrain or obstacle is above or within 100 feet below the aircraft.
From the Main Menu, touch Map.
2)
Touch Menu.
3)
Touch Terrain.
Appendices
1)
TERRAIN VIEWS
Garmin aera 660 Pilot’s Guide
Index
Enabling/disabling profile view:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Terrain.
2) Touch Menu.
3) Touch Profile View.
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Additional Features
Yellow—terrain or obstacle is between the user-defined Caution Elevation and 100
feet below the aircraft.
Enabling/Disabling Terrain Shading on the Navigation Map:
121
Navigation
Overview
Hazard Avoidance
Obstacle
Red Terrain is
above or within
100 ft below the
aircraft.
Yellow Terrain is
Between the Userdefined Caution
Elevation and
100 ft Below the
Aircraft
Potential
Impact
Point
Terrain
Legend
Terrain Profile
View
Index
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
Terrain 'Map with Profile' View
Terrain 'Map Only' View
TERRAIN ALERTS & SETUP
Enabling/Disabling terrain alerts:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Terrain.
2) Touch Menu.
3) Touch Alerts to toggle between Enabled and Inhibited.
Use the Terrain Setup Menu to set levels for terrain alerts as well as obstacles in
or near the flight path.
• Caution Elevation—The aera 660 will provide an alert if the terrain or obstacle is
within the default Caution Elevation or user-defined Caution Elevation
• Look Ahead Time—Determines the maximum time when an alert annunciation
occurs. For example, if 120 seconds is selected, the aera 660 provides an alert up
to 120 seconds before reaching the terrain or obstacle
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Flight Planning
Hazard Avoidance
Additional Features
Terrain, Obstacle, and Descent Rate Alerts are issued when flight conditions meet
parameters that are set within the software algorithms. Terrain alerts typically employ
a CAUTION or a WARNING alert severity level, or both. When an alert is issued, visual
annunciations are displayed and aural alerts are simultaneously issued. When the
aircraft descends through 500 feet above the destination airport an audible “Five
Hundred” altitude reminder occurs.
The Terrain Alert Annunciation is shown to the lower left corner of the screen. If the
Terrain Map is not displayed, a pop-up alert appears. The Range Rings on the popup alert are spaced every whole mile/kilometer/nautical mile. Touch the Terrain Alert
Annunciation to acknowledge the pop-up and/or aural alert.
Navigation
Accessing terrain/obstacle settings:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Terrain.
2) Touch Menu.
3) Touch Caution Elevation, and touch 500ft Below, 750ft Below, or
1000ft Below.
4) Touch Look Ahead Time, and touch 60 Seconds, 90 Seconds, or 120
Seconds.
5) Touch Terrain 'Alert Sensitivity', and touch Off, Low, Medium, or High.
6) Touch Obstacles 'Alert Sensitivity', and touch Off, Low, Medium, or
High.
7) Touch Descent Rate 'Alert Sensitivity', and touch Off, Low, or High.
Overview
• Alert Sensitivity—The three Alert Sensitivity settings (Terrain, Obstacle, and Descent
Rate) determine what level of alerts are annunciated. The aera 660 defaults to
‘High’ sensitivity, which annunciates all red and yellow alerts at the time set in
Look Ahead Time. ‘Medium’ sensitivity annunciates all of the red and the highest
priority of yellow alerts. ‘Low’ only annunciates red alerts. ‘Off’ disables the alert.
Appendices
Index
Pop-up
Alert
Range
Rings
Pop-up Alert (Navigation Map With Terrain Shading)
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AURAL ALERTS
• “Five Hundred”—when the aircraft descends through 500 feet above the destination airport.
The following aural terrain alerts are issued when flight conditions meet parameters
that are set within the software algorithms, and are dependant on the sensitivity level
set in the Terrain Setup Menu.
Alert
Severity
Terrain
Obstacle
Descent
Rate
Caution
“caution, terrain”
“caution, terrain ahead”
“caution, obstacle”
“caution, obstacle ahead”
“caution,
sink rate”
Warning
“terrain ahead! pull up!” “obstacle ahead! pull up!”
“terrain! terrain! pull up! “obstacle! obstacle! pull up!
pull up!”
pull up!”
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
Navigation
Overview
Hazard Avoidance
“sink rate,
pull up!”
“pull up!”
Aural Alerts Summary
Index
Appendices
Additional Features
Adjusting terrain alert audio:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Tools > Setup > Sound.
2) Touch the 'Terrain Audio' Enable Button to toggle the terrain audio on/
off:
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4.3 TRAFFIC
Overview
The following compatible devices are designed to receive, process, and forward
traffic (ADS-B air-to-air, and TIS-B traffic information), and weather (Flight Information
Service-Broadcast (FIS-B)) information to the aera through a power/data cable or
Bluetooth.
Navigation
Compatible ADS-B Devices
GDL 39/39R
GDL 39-3D
Flight Planning
GTX 345/345R/45R
GDL 50/50R
GDL 52/52R
GNX 375
NOTE: Refer to Appendix F for general information regarding TIS-A. Refer to
Appendix D for configuration information.
TIS-A Symbol
Description
Index
Traffic Advisory (TA)
Other Traffic
TIS-A Traffic Symbols
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Appendices
TIS-A traffic is shown according to TCAS symbology, graphically shown on the
Navigation Map, and in the Traffic Warning Window. A Traffic Advisory (TA) symbol
appears as a solid yellow circle. All other traffic is shown as a hollow white diamond.
Altitude deviation from own aircraft altitude is shown above the target symbol if traffic
is above own aircraft altitude, and below the symbol if they are below own aircraft
altitude. Altitude trend is shown as an up arrow (>+500 ft/min), down arrow (<-500
ft/min), or no symbol if less than 500 ft/min rate in either direction.
Additional Features
TIS-A SYMBOLOGY
Hazard Avoidance
TRAFFIC INFORMATION SERVICE (TIS-A)
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125
TIS-A ALERTS
A TIS-A audio alert is generated whenever the number of Traffic Advisories on the
aera 660 screen increases from one scan to the next. Limiting Traffic Advisories only
reduces the “nuisance” alerting due to proximate aircraft. For example, when the
first Traffic Advisories appear on the TIS-A display, the user is alerted audibly. So long
as a single aircraft remains on the TIS-A display, no further audio alert is generated.
If a second (or more) aircraft appears on the screen, a new audio alert is sounded.
If the number of Traffic Advisories on the TIS-A display decreases and then
increases, a new audio alert is sounded. The "Traffic" audio alert is also generated
whenever TIS-A service becomes available. The following TIS-A audio alerts are
generated:
• “Traffic”—TIS-A traffic alert received.
• “Traffic Not Available”—The traffic source(s) is/are not currently providing traffic
information.
Adjusting traffic audio:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Tools > Setup > Sound.
2) Touch the 'Traffic Audio' Enable Button to toggle the Traffic Audio on/off.
TRAFFIC WARNING WINDOW
When a traffic threat is imminent, the Traffic Warning Window is shown. The Traffic
Warning Window shows a small pop-up map in the lower left corner. The Range Rings
on the pop-up alert are spaced every whole mile/kilometer/nautical mile. Touch the
Traffic Warning Window to acknowledge and remove it.
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
Navigation
Overview
Hazard Avoidance
NOTE: The Traffic Warning Window is disabled when the aircraft ground speed
is less than 30 knots or when on the approach leg of a route.
Index
TRAFFIC GROUND TRACK
Traffic ground track is indicated on the aera 660 screen by a “target track vector,”a
short line shown in 45-degree increments, extending in the direction of target
movement.
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Overview
DISPLAYING TRAFFIC DATA
TIS-A traffic can be displayed on the Navigation Map.
Navigation
Adjusting TIS-A settings on the Navigation Map:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Map > Menu > Set Up.
2) Touch the Dedicated Page Icon and touch the Map group.
3) Touch the Traffic button and touch the desired setting (Off, Auto, or
range settings).
Traffic Range
and Altitude
Separation using
Map Pointer
Flight Planning
Displaying TIS-A information using the map pointer:
With traffic displayed on the Navigation Map, touch the desired TIS-A
symbol on the map. The traffic range and altitude separation are displayed.
Hazard Avoidance
Additional Features
Traffic
Ground
Track
TIS-A (Navigation Map)
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Index
ADS-B (Automatic Dependent Surveillance-Broadcast) is a surveillance technology
deployed across the United States as the cornerstone of the FAA’s Next Generation Air
Transportation System (NextGen). ADS-B enables improved surveillance services, both
air-to-air and air-to-ground, especially in areas where radar is ineffective due to terrain
or where it is impractical or cost prohibitive. Initial applications of air-to-air ADS-B are
for “advisory” use only, enhancing a pilot’s visual acquisition of other nearby ADS-B
equipped aircraft either when airborne or on the airport surface.
Appendices
DATA LINK TRAFFIC
Hazard Avoidance
Overview
Navigation
1090 ES
18,000 FT
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
10,000 FT
Index
1090 ES
UAT
RADAR
Composite
GPS
RADAR
Mode A/C
ATC
UAT
UAT
UAT
1090 ES
ADS-B
Ground
Station
ADS-B System
For the purpose of distinguishing between levels of ADS-B service, there are three
classifications of aircraft or system capability; ADS-B In, ADS-B Out, and ADS-B
participating. ADS-B In refers to the capability to receive ADS-B information. ADS-B
Out refers to the capability to transmit ADS-B information. ADS-B participating refers
to the capability to both send and receive ADS-B information. Aircraft lacking either
ADS-In, ADS-B Out, or both ADS-B capabilities may also be referred to as ADS-B nonparticipating aircraft.
Currently, rule-compliant ADS-B Out capability in the United States requires a
TSO’ed SBAS-enabled GPS, such as a Garmin GPS 400W or similar, and one of two
possible data links: 1090 ES transponder or a 978 MHz UAT. Either data link system
is capable of transmitting the aircraft’s position, velocity, identification, and other
information every second to compatible aircraft and ground stations called Ground
Based Transceivers (GBTs).
Because 1090 ES transponders and UATs operate on different frequencies, aircraft
not similarly equipped cannot transmit/receive data link information directly to/from
each other. Instead, operation within range of a GBT is required to receive data link
information on both frequencies.
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Appendices
Index
129
Additional Features
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Flight Planning
WARNING: Do not rely solely upon the display of traffic information for
collision avoidance maneuvering. The traffic display does not provide
collision avoidance resolution advisories and does not under any
circumstances or conditions relieve the pilot’s responsibility to see and
avoid other aircraft.
Navigation
Since the compatible devices are receive-only, even when used onboard an aircraft
equipped with a qualifying GPS and 1090 ES transponder, a GBT may not identify it as
an ADS-B participating aircraft. The squitter of some 1090 ES transponders, including
the Garmin GTX 23ES, must be configured to communicate that the aircraft has 978
MHz receive capability in order to be identified as an ADS-B participating aircraft.
Overview
Thus, the compatible device receives traffic information directly from any ADS-B
Out aircraft within range as well as the rebroadcast of ADS-B information from any
nearby GBT. This rebroadcast is called Automatic Dependent Surveillance-Rebroadcast
(ADS-R) and is automatically triggered by the detection of an ADS-B participating
aircraft within the service volume of the GBT. The compatible device can receive
both the Traffic Information Service-Broadcast (TIS-B) and Flight Information ServiceBroadcast (FIS-B) provided in conjunction with ADS-R services when in range of a GBT.
FIS-B service is provided continuously, but ADS-R including TIS-B will only be
broadcast by a GBT when an ADS-B participating aircraft is within the GBT’s defined
service volume. In this case, a GBT will only rebroadcast TIS-B information relative
to the ADS-B participating aircraft. Only traffic that is within 15 nm lateral
and 3,500’ vertical of the ADS-B participating aircraft is provided in the
broadcast. Non-participating traffic aircraft located farther than 15 nm laterally and
3,500’ vertically from the participating aircraft is are excluded from the information
transmitted by the GBT.
TIS-B traffic information includes non-participating aircraft detected by ATC
surveillance radar. As TIS-B data is derived from ATC surveillance radar data, TIS-B
traffic position updates typically occur every three to thirteen seconds. Therefore,
TIS-B traffic may be displayed with degraded positional accuracy. Aircraft
without operating transponders are invisible to TIS-B. Aircraft operating
outside of the ATC radar coverage area are also not displayed.
Hazard Avoidance
Overview
WARNING: Do not rely solely upon the display of traffic information to
Viewing Traffic Status:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Tools.
2) Touch Data Link.
SYSTEM STATUS
The traffic system status is annunciated in the upper right corner of the Map Page,
as well as the bottom of the dedicated Traffic Page.
Traffic Icon
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
Navigation
accurately depict all of the traffic within range of the aircraft. Due to lack
of equipment, poor signal reception, and/or inaccurate information from
aircraft or ground stations, traffic may be present that is not represented
on the display.
System Status
Full traffic services available for an ADS-B participating aircraft
(ground linked TIS-B, FIS-B and ADS-R, and Air-to-Air ADS-B). If using
a compatible device on a non-participating aircraft, this traffic icon
may still be visible when within the service area of any participating
aircraft. As a non-participating aircraft the compatible device is only
receiving TIS-B traffic information for traffic within 15 nm and 3,500’
of the participating aircraft.
Appendices
Limited traffic services available (may be limited to Air-to-Air ADS-B)
No Traffic Data Available
Index
Traffic Modes
Some compatible devices also have a pressure altitude sensor to aid in displaying
the relative altitude of received traffic information. If the compatible device is used
onboard a pressurized aircraft, the pressure altitude sensor should be turned off.
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Overview
Configuring a compatible ADS-B device for Pressurized or NonPressurized Aircraft:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Tools > Data Link
2) Touch Menu > Device Specific Set Up.
3) Touch Pressurized or Not Pressurized.
Look Ahead
Time (sec.)
30
40
45
48
48
Vertical
Separation (ft.)
+/-850
+/-850
+/-850
+/-850
+/-1,200
Horizontal
Separation (nm.)
.35
.55
.80
1.10
1.10
Index
Traffic Advisories
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Appendices
Altitude
(Geodetic)
Below 5,000
5,000-10,000
10,000-20,000
20,000-42,000
Above 42,000
Additional Features
TAs are issued for traffic when they are predicted to be within a specified volume of
airspace around the aircraft in a specified amount of time. The protected volume and
time interval varies based on the current geodetic altitude and groundspeed. Thus, the
protected volume of airspace increases with altitude and ground speed. Refer to the
following table for details.
Hazard Avoidance
Traffic Advisories (TA)
Flight Planning
ADS-B traffic operation is similar to TIS-A discussed previously, but ADS-B adds
additional symbology and capabilities. The symbols used to display ADS-B traffic are
shown in the table below. The traffic label and altitude are displayed below the traffic
symbol. A small up or down arrow next to the traffic symbol indicates that the traffic
is climbing or descending at a rate of at least 500 feet per minute. The vector line
that extends from the traffic symbol is just further indication of the intruder aircraft
track. For directional traffic symbols, the arrow head points in the direction of aircraft's
ground track.
Navigation
TRAFFIC DESCRIPTION
131
Symbol
Non-threat directional airborne Traffic with absolute vector. Points in the
direction of the aircraft track.
Non-directional airborne Proximity Advisory (PA). Proximity Advisories
are issued for any traffic within 6 nautical miles and +/- 1,200’.
Directional airborne Proximity Advisory (PA) with absolute vector. Points
in the direction of the aircraft track. Proximity Advisories are issued for
any traffic within 6 nautical miles and +/- 1,200’.
Flight Planning
Non-directional airborne Traffic Advisory (TA)
Hazard Avoidance
Non-directional off-scale airborne Traffic Advisory (TA). Displayed at
outer range ring at proper bearing.
Directional airborne Traffic Advisory (TA) with absolute vector. Points in
the direction of the aircraft track.
Directional off-scale airborne Traffic Advisory (TA). Points in the direction
of the aircraft track.
Ground traffic without directional information.
Additional Features
Appendices
Index
Description
Non-threat, non-directional airborne traffic
Navigation
Overview
Hazard Avoidance
Directional surface traffic.
Non-directional non-aircraft ground traffic.
Directional non-aircraft ground traffic.
ADS-B Traffic Symbology
TRAFFIC ALERTS (ADS-B TIS-B)
A traffic audio alert is generated whenever the number of Traffic Advisories on the
aera 660 display increases. Limiting Traffic Advisories only reduces the “nuisance”
alerting due to proximate aircraft. For example, when the first Traffic Advisories appear
on the display, the user is alerted audibly. So long as a single aircraft remains on
the display, no further audio alert is generated. If additional aircraft appear on the
screen, a new audio alert is sounded. Traffic Advisories can only be issued when the
compatible device knows its own altitude and the altitude of the intruder aircraft.
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• “Traffic”—TIS-B/ADS-B traffic alert received.
Navigation
If the number of Traffic Advisories on the traffic display decreases and then increases,
a new audio alert is sounded. The traffic audio alert is also generated whenever TIS-B
service becomes available. The following traffic audio alerts are available:
Overview
CAUTION: Traffic Advisories can only be issued when the compatible device
knows its own altitude and the altitude of the intruder aircraft.
• “Traffic Not Available”—TIS-B/ADS-B service is not available or out of range.
Flight Planning
Inhibiting/Enabling the traffic alerts:
NOTE: Traffic alerts are reset to ‘enabled’ on the next power cycle.
1)
From the Main Menu, touch Traffic.
2)
Touch Menu > Alerts to toggle between Inhibited and Enabled.
The Traffic Warning Window is shown when the compatible device issues a traffic
advisory (TA). The Traffic Warning Window shows a small pop-up map in the lower left
corner. The Range Rings on the pop-up alert are spaced every whole mile/kilometer/
nautical mile. Touch the Traffic Warning Window to acknowledge and remove it.
Traffic is displayed by default on the Map Page and in the Traffic Warning Window.
Traffic Symbol and Traffic Label (i.e., relative altitude, altitude trend and absolute
motion vectors) settings selects the maximum range at which traffic labels or symbols
are shown. Traffic Labels can also be turned off.
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Index
Enabling/disabling traffic data on the Map Page:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Map > Menu.
2) Touch Traffic to enable/disable traffic data on the Map Page.
Or:
Appendices
DISPLAYING TRAFFIC DATA
Additional Features
TRAFFIC WARNING WINDOW
Hazard Avoidance
Adjusting alert volume:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Tools > Setup > Sound.
2) Touch the 'Traffic Audio' Enable Button to toggle the traffic audio on/off.
133
Overview
Hazard Avoidance
1)
From the Main Menu, touch Map > Menu > Set Up.
2)
Touch the Dedicated Page Icon and touch the Traffic group.
3)
Touch the 'Traffic Data' On or Off button.
Navigation
Customizing the traffic data on the Map Page:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Map > Menu > Set Up.
2) Touch the Dedicated Page Icon and touch the Traffic group.
3) Touch 'Traffic Symbol', 'Traffic Label', or 'Traffic Identifier' button
and touch the desired settings ('Off', 'Auto', or range settings).
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
Displaying Traffic information using the map pointer:
With traffic displayed on the Navigation Map, touch the desired Traffic
symbol on the map to view identification, altitude and altitude trend
information.
Additional Features
Traffic
Identification
Traffic Data (Navigation Map)
DEDICATED TRAFFIC PAGE
Appendices
NOTE: Altitude filter settings from the Traffic Page are carred to the Map Page.
Viewing the Traffic Page:
From the Main Menu, touch Traffic.
Index
Changing the Altitude Filter:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Traffic > Menu > Altitude Filter.
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2)
Touch the desired setting:
Overview
• Unrestricted: All traffic is displayed.
• Normal: Displays non-threat and proximity traffic from 2,700 feet
above the aircraft to 2,700 feet below the aircraft. Typically used
during enroute phase of flight.
Navigation
• Above: Displays non-threat and proximity traffic from 9,000 feet
above the aircraft to 2,700 feet below the aircraft. Typically used
during climb phase of flight.
• Below: Displays non-threat and proximity traffic from 2,700 feet
above the aircraft to 9,000 feet below the aircraft. Typically used
during descent phase of flight.
Flight Planning
Traffic Display
Range Rings
Directional
Airborne Traffic
Hazard Avoidance
Altitude/
Operating
Mode
Additional Features
Traffic System
Status Receiving
Air-to-Air
Traffic Page
Appendices
Index
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FLIGHT ID DISPLAY
The Flight IDs of other aircraft (when available) can be displayed on the Traffic Page.
When a Flight ID or call sign is received, it will appear below the corresponding traffic
symbol when enabled.
Flight Planning
Altitude Trend (up
arrow indicates
climbing, down
arrow indicates
descending)
Traffic Absolute
Motion Vector
Example ADS-B Traffic Symbol
Enabling/Disabling Flight ID Display:
From the Main Menu, touch Traffic > Menu > Target Identifiers.
Hazard Avoidance
Additional Features
Appendices
Index
Relative Altitude (in
this case 500 feet
above own aircraft)
Aircraft
Identification (tail
number or Flight
ID number)
Navigation
Overview
Hazard Avoidance
WARNING: If the Aircraft Identification is NOT shown with a traffic symbol, the Relative
Altitude is operating in a reduced accuracy mode. The Relative Altitude value displayed
may differ from the actual Relative Altitude by several hundred feet. In all cases, the pilot
must make visual contact when maneuvering to avoid traffic.
MOTION VECTORS
There are two pilot-selectable and mutually exclusive types of motion vectors, Absolute
and TargetTrend, which are differentiated by color and function. Absolute vectors are
white and indicate ground track as reported by the traffic. TargetTrend vectors are green
and indicate the flight path and position, relative to the ownship, at which the traffic
will be after the passing of one of four predetermined time intervals. The end of the
TargetTrend vector indicates the traffic's predicted location relative to the predicted
ownship location at the end of the look-ahead time. For example, if traffic is ahead of
the ownship and traveling along the same track but at a slower rate. The motion vector
would point opposite of its indicated direction of flight showing that the ownship is
overtaking the traffic.
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Hazard Avoidance
Traffic's Predicted
Relative Location
in 5 minutes
Overview
Traffic Display
Range
Navigation
TargetTrend
Look-ahead
Time
TargetTrend
TargetTrend Look-ahead
30 seconds
60 seconds
2 minutes
5 minutes
Hazard Avoidance
TargetTrend Look-ahead
While TargetTrend is active, the screen will annunciate the current look-ahead
time interval in the lower right corner.
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Index
Enabling/Disabling TargetTrend for Traffic and Map Pages:
From the Main Menu, touch Traffic > Menu > Target Trend.
Or:
From the Main Menu, touch Map > Menu > Set Up > Traffic. Select
Target Trend 'On' to activate on the Navigation Map.
Appendices
Motion vector selection is made from the Traffic Page Menu by enabling/disabling
TargetTrend. Absolute vectors are selected by default and are replaced when TargetTrend
is enabled.
Additional Features
Traffic Page Range Ring Settings
.5nm to 2nm
2nm to 6nm
6nm to 12nm
12nm to 40nm
Flight Planning
The TargetTrend look-ahead time interval is automatically adjusted from 30 seconds to
five minutes and corresponds to the traffic display range setting. The greater the range
setting, the longer the time interval and vise versa. Refer to the table below for more
details.
TargetTrend On Map
In addition to the Traffic Page, the Map Page can show TargetTrend vectors of nearby
traffic. These indications are overlaid on top of regular topographic maps and VFR/IFR
charts, showing how nearby traffic relates to surrounding waypoints, airspaces and
ground features.
Navigation
Overview
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
WARNING: The TargetTrend vectors shown on the Map Page represent
relative motion in relation to the aircraft, not absolute motion in relation
to the ground.
Hazard Avoidance
Traffic Direction
with Relative
Altitude and
Altitude Trend
TargetTrend
Motion Vector
TargetTrend
Motion Vector
Traffic Direction
and Relative
Altitude
Additional Features
TargetTrend Overlaid on Moving Map
Index
Appendices
Enabling/Disabling TargetTrend Overlay:
1) With the Map Page displayed, touch Menu > Set Up > Traffic.
2) Touch On or Off.
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Additional Features
NOTE: With the availability of SafeTaxi in electronic form, it is still advisable to
carry another source of charts on board the aircraft.
Appendices
Airport Hot
Spot Outline
Index
SafeTaxi Depiction
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Additional Features
During ground operations the aircraft’s position is displayed in reference to taxiways,
runways, and airport features. When panning over the airport, features such as runway
holding lines and taxiways are shown at the cursor.
Hazard Avoidance
Designated Hot Spots are recognized at airports with many intersecting taxiways
and runways, and/or complex ramp areas. Airport Hot Spots are outlined to caution
pilots of areas on an airport surface where positional awareness confusion or runway
incursions happen most often. Hot Spots are defined by a red shaded area.
Flight Planning
SafeTaxi is an enhanced feature that gives greater map detail when viewing airports
at close range. When viewing at ranges close enough to show the airport detail, the
map reveals taxiways with identifying letters/numbers, runway incursion “Hot Spot”,
and airport landmarks including ramps, buildings, control towers, and other prominent
features. Resolution is greater at lower map ranges. The SafeTaxi feature can be seen
on the Navigation Map or from the Waypoint Information Runway Tab.
Navigation
5.1 SAFETAXI
Overview
SECTION 5 ADDITIONAL FEATURES
Garmin aera 660 Pilot’s Guide
139
Additional Features
Index
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
Navigation
Overview
Enabling/disabling SafeTaxi:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Map > Menu > Set Up.
2) Touch the Dedicated Page Icon and touch the Airport Group.
3) Touch the 'Safetaxi' On or Off Button.
SAFETAXI CYCLE NUMBER AND REVISION
SafeTaxi database is revised every 56 days. SafeTaxi is always available for use
after the expiration date. When turning on the aera 660, the database initialization
indicates whether the databases are current, out of date, or not available. The
database initialization shows the SafeTaxi database is current when the SafeTaxi name
and expiration date are shown in white. When the SafeTaxi cycle has expired, the
SafeTaxi name and expiration date will appear in yellow.
The SafeTaxi Region, Cycle, Effective date and Expiration date of the database cycle
can also be found from the Main Menu, by touching the Tools > Database.
The SafeTaxi database is provided by Garmin. Refer to Appendix C for instructions
on updating the SafeTaxi database.
5.2 AIRPORT DIRECTORY DATA
The Airport Directory contains airport statistics such as pattern altitudes, noise
abatement information, FBO phone numbers, hours of operation, local attractions,
ground transportation, lodging, and services.
The AOPA Airport Directory provides data on airports and heliports throughout the
U.S. and it is updated on a 56-day cycle. Detailed information for over 5,300 U.S.
airports, along with the names and phone numbers of thousands of FBOs can be
viewed. This service allows the pilot to plan an overnight, choose fuel stops, find
ground transportation, etc.
Optional airport directory databases such as AC-U-KWIK are also supported. ACU-KWIK provides complete listings of FBOs, charter companies, fuel suppliers, ground
transportation, maintenance and catering services at public airports across the world.
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Additional Features
Navigation
Viewing AOPA Airport Directory information:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Waypoint > AOPA Tab.
2) Touch the Waypoint Identifier Button.
3) Enter a waypoint identifier using the keypad and touch Enter.
Or:
a) Touch Find.
b) Touch the Recent, Nearest Airports, Flight Plan, or User Tab.
c) Touch the desired waypoint.
Or:
a) Touch Find.
b) Touch the Search Name Tab.
c) Touch Search by Facility Name.
d) Enter the desired Facility Name using the keypad.
e) Touch Enter.
Or:
a) Touch Find.
b) Touch the Search City Tab.
c) Touch Search by City.
d) Enter the desired City using the keypad.
Flight Planning
Hazard Avoidance
Additional Features
If duplicate entries exist for the entered facility name or location, duplicate
waypoints are displayed. Touch the desired waypoint from the list.
Appendices
e) Touch Enter.
4)
Overview
If the AOPA database is in use, the AOPA Tab is displayed on the Waypoint Page. If
another airport directory database is in use, such as AC-U-KWIK, the DIRECTORY Tab
is displayed on the Waypoint Page.
Index
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Navigation
Overview
Additional Features
Airport Directory Data
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
Or:
1)
From any map highlight an airport using the Map Pointer.
2)
Touch the Map Feature Button.
3)
Touch the AOPA Tab (if necessary).
Icon
Description
Restaurant on Field
Additional Features
Self Serve Fuel
Courtesy Car
Index
Appendices
Airport Directory Service Icons
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Additional Features
Overview
FUEL PRICES
Viewing fuel prices on the Navigation Map:
From the Main Menu, touch Map > Menu > Fuel Prices.
Navigation
Navigation Map Menu
Flight Planning
Fuel
Prices
Fuel Prices (Navigation Map)
5.3 SiriusXM® RADIO
NOTE: Audio interference can occur while using some audio panels. Use of a
Ground Loop Isolator can eliminate this interference.
Appendices
COMPATIBLE SiriusXM DEVICES
Additional Features
NOTE: You MUST have a compatible SiriusXM device connected to your aera
and a subscription to SiriusXM Radio to use SiriusXM Radio features.
Hazard Avoidance
NOTE: Refer to the Hazard Avoidance Section for information about SiriusXM
Weather products.
Compatible SiriusXM Devices
GDL 51/51R
GDL 52/52R
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Index
SiriusXM Satellite Radio offers a variety of radio programming over long distances
without having to constantly search for new stations. Based on signals from satellites,
coverage far exceeds land-based transmissions. SiriusXM Satellite Radio services are
subscription-based.
Accessing SiriusXM Radio:
From the Main Menu, touch Tools > SiriusXM Audio.
ACTIVATING SiriusXM SATELLITE RADIO SERVICES
The service is activated by providing SiriusXM Satellite Radio with a coded ID (Radio
ID).
SiriusXM Satellite Radio uses the Radio ID to send an activation signal that,
when received by the compatible SiriusXM device, allows it to play entertainment
programming.
Refer to the compatible SiriusXM device Owner’s Manual for more information on
activating SiriusXM Satellite Radio.
Accessing the Radio ID:
From the Main Menu, touch Tools > Data Link.
Or:
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
Navigation
Overview
Additional Features
The Radio ID is also displayed on channel ‘0’. Channel ‘0’ is the first
channel listed in the ‘All Channels’ Category.
Radio ID
Appendices
Additional Features
Radio ID
Accessing the SiriusXM Radio ID
(Data Link Information)
Accessing the SiriusXM Radio ID
(Channel 0)
Index
USING SiriusXM RADIO
The SiriusXM Radio function provides information and control of the audio
entertainment features of the SiriusXM Satellite Radio.
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Additional Features
Dedicated
Page Icons
Overview
Volume/
Mute Button
Active
Channel
Navigation
Category
Button
Flight Planning
Channel List
SiriusXM Radio Overview
Hazard Avoidance
CATEGORY BUTTON
The Category Button displays a list of categories such as jazz, rock, or news.
ACTIVE CHANNEL AND CHANNEL LIST
The Channel List shows a list of the available channels for the selected category. The
active channel is outlined blue (in the Channel List).
Additional Features
Selecting a category:
1) From the Main Menu touch Tools > SiriusXM Audio.
2) Touch the 'Category' Button.
Selecting a channel from the channel list:
1) Scroll through the Channel List by touching and dragging the list up/down
or touching the Up/Down Buttons.
2) Touch the desired channel. The channel is outlined blue to show it is the
active channel.
Appendices
Entering a channel number:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Tools > SiriusXM Audio > Menu > Select
Channel.
Index
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Additional Features
Overview
2)
Enter the desired channel using the numeric keypay and touch the Enter
Button.
Channel Number Entry
USING FAVORITES
Additional Features
Favorites is a customized category of up to 30 of your SiriusXM Radio favorites.
To add a channel to Favorites:
1) From the Main Menu touch Tools > SiriusXM Audio.
2) Touch and hold the desired channel. A confirmation window is displayed.
3) Touch Yes.
Appendices
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
Navigation
Enter
Button
Selecting Favorites:
1) From the Main Menu touch Tools > SiriusXM Audio.
2) Touch the ‘Category’ Button.
3) Touch the Favorites Category.
Index
To delete channel(s) from Favorites:
1) With the Favorites Category displayed (see Selecting Favorites above),
touch the desired channel to be removed (unless removing all) and touch
the Menu Key.
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Additional Features
2)
Touch the ‘Remove Favorite’ Menu Option.
Touch the ‘Remove All Favorites’ Menu Option and skip to step 5. The
‘Remove all favorites?’ Window is displayed.
3)
Touch Yes. The channel(s) are removed from the Favorites Category.
Navigation
VOLUME
Flight Planning
Adjusting SiriusXM volume:
1) From the Main Menu touch Tools > SiriusXM Audio.
2) Touch the Volume Button.
3) Touch the +/- buttons to enter the desired volume.
Muting SiriusXM Audio:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Tools > SiriusXM Audio.
Touch the Mute
Icon.
Hazard Avoidance
2)
Overview
Or:
Additional Features
Appendices
Index
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Index
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
Navigation
Overview
Additional Features
Blank Page
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Appendix A
Overview
SECTION 6 APPENDICES
Navigation
APPENDIX A: MESSAGES, ALERTS & DATA FIELD
OPTIONS
MISCELLANEOUS MESSAGE ADVISORIES
Database Error
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Index
Next DTK XXX
Proximity Memory Full
Proximity Radius Overlaps
Route Already Exists
Appendices
Lost Satellite Reception
Memory Full
Near Proximity Point
Additional Features
Fuel Tank
Hazard Avoidance
Arriving at XXX
Battery Low
Can’t Unlock Maps
Comments
Within 200 feet of final VNAV target altitude.
The aircraft is within one minute of reaching the
initial VNAV decent point.
The aircraft is nearing the destination.
The battery needs to be recharged.
No applicable unlock code for one or more maps
was found. All MapSource maps are not accessible.
Internal problem with the system. Contact a
Garmin dealer or Garmin Product Support to have
the unit repaired.
A reminder for switching fuel tanks. The reminder
message repeats at the specified interval after the
beginning of each trip.
The system is unable to receive satellite signals.
System memory is full, no further data can be saved.
The aircraft has reached the distance set for a
proximity waypoint.
The aircraft is nearing a turn in a route.
No additional proximity waypoints can be saved.
The radius of two proximity waypoints overlap.
A route name that already exists has been entered.
Flight Planning
Message
Approaching Target Altitude
Approaching VNAV Profile
Index
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
Navigation
Overview
Appendix A
MISCELLANEOUS MESSAGE ADVISORIES (CONT.)
Message
Comments
Route Memory Full
No additional routes can be saved.
Route Truncated
Uploaded route from another device has more
than 300 waypoints.
Route Waypoint Memory Full
No additional route waypoints can be saved.
Steep Turn Ahead
Approaching a turn that requires a bank angle
in excess of 25 degrees to stay on course.
Track Already Exists
A saved track with the same name already
exists.
Track Log Full
The track log is full and track recording was
turned off. To record more track points, clear
the track log and turn track recording on.
Track Memory Full
No more track data can be stored. Delete the
old track data to store the new data.
Track Truncated
A complete uploaded track will not fit in
memory. The oldest track log points have been
deleted.
VNAV Cancelled
VNAV function has been cancelled due to a
change in the active route.
Waypoint Already Exists
A waypoint with the same name already exists.
Waypoint Memory Full
The unit has stored the maximum number of
waypoints.
AIRSPACE MESSAGES
Message
Inside Airspace
Airspace Near and Ahead
Airspace Ahead, Within 10
Minutes
Airspace Near, Within 2 nm
150
Comments
Inside the boundaries of the airspace.
Within two nautical miles of an airspace and
the current course takes you inside the airspace.
The projected course takes you inside an
airspace within the next 10 minutes or less.
Within two nautical miles of an airspace but not
projected to enter it.
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Appendix A
Data Field/Numeric Data
Accuracy
AGL
Distance (Destination)
Distance (Next)
Flight Timer
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Index
En Route Safe Altitude
Appendices
Desired Track
Additional Features
Crosstrack Error
Hazard Avoidance
Course to Steer
Flight Planning
Bearing
Navigation
Altitude
Definition
The current accuracy of the GPS determined
location.
The current altitude in geometric height above
Mean Sea Level (MSL).
Approximate height above ground level,
calculated using GPS altitude and terrain
database. AGL data will not be displayed if
current height above ground relative to GPS
vertical position accuracy is insufficient for
accurate calculation.
The AGL height data field is NOT intended
to be used as a primary reference for terrain
avoidance and does not relieve the pilot
from the responsibility of being aware of
surroundings during flight.
The compass direction from the present position
to a destination waypoint.
The recommended direction to steer in order
to reduce cross-track error and return to the
course line.
The distance the aircraft is off a desired course
in either direction, left or right.
The desired course between the active “from”
and “to” waypoints.
The distance to the destination waypoint in the
Active Flight Plan
The distance to the next waypoint in the Active
Flight Plan.
The recommended minimum altitude within ten
miles left or right of the desired course on a
active flight plan or direct-to.
Total time in-flight (HH:MM).
Overview
DATA FIELD & NUMERIC DATA OPTIONS
Overview
Appendix A
Data Field/Numeric Data
Fuel Timer
Index
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
Navigation
Glide Ratio
Ground Speed
Ground Track
Minimum Safe Altitude
Next Waypoint
Sunrise
Sunset
Estimated Time En Route
(Destination)
Estimated Time En Route (Next)
Estimated Time of Arrival
(Destination)
Estimated Time of Arrival (Next)
Estimated Time to VNAV
152
Definition
Elapsed time since the Fuel Tank Reminder
Alarm was last issued (HH:MM).
The estimated distance an aircraft will move
forward for any given amount of lost altitude.
The velocity that the aircraft is traveling relative
to a ground position.
The direction of aircraft movement relative to a
ground position.
Uses Grid MORAs to determine a safe altitude
within ten miles of the aircraft’s present
position.
The next waypoint in the flight plan or direct-to
route.
The time at which the sun rises on this day
(current location).
The time at which the sun sets on this day
(current location).
The estimated time it takes to reach the
destination waypoint from the present position,
based upon current ground speed.
The estimated time it takes to reach the next
waypoint form the present position, based upon
current ground speed.
The estimated time at which the aircraft should
reach the destination waypoint, based upon
current speed and track.
The estimated time at which the aircraft should
reach the next waypoint, based upon current
speed and track.
The estimated time it takes to reach the VNAV
waypoint form the present position, based upon
current ground speed.
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Appendix A
Time (UTC)
Weather (Dew Point)
Weather (Temperature)
AURAL ALERTS
TRAFFIC
Appendices
• “Traffic”—TIS-A/B traffic alert received.
Additional Features
Weather (Wind)
Hazard Avoidance
Weather (Rel. Humidity)
Flight Planning
Weather (Altimeter)
Navigation
Vertical Speed
Vertical Speed Required
Definition
The current time and date in 12-hour or 24hour format.
The current time and date in Universal (UTC)
time.
The rate of climb or descent (GPS-derived).
The vertical speed necessary to descend/climb
from a current position and altitude to the
previously selected VNAV position and altitude,
based upon current groundspeed.
The altimeter setting at the nearest METAR
reporting station.
The dew point at the nearest weather reporting
station.
The relative humidity at the nearest weather
reporting station.
The temperature at the nearest weather
reporting station.
The wind speed and direction at the nearest
weather reporting station.
Overview
Data Field/Numeric Data
Time of Day (Local)
• “Traffic Not Available”—TIS-A/B service is not available or out of range.
TERRAIN
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Index
• “Five Hundred”—when the aircraft descends through 500 feet above the destination airport.
Overview
Appendix A
The following aural terrain alerts are issued when flight conditions meet
parameters that are set within the software algorithms, and are dependant on
the sensitivity level set in the Terrain Setup Menu.
Flight Planning
Navigation
Alert
Severity
Caution
Terrain
Obstacle
“caution, terrain”
“caution, terrain ahead”
“terrain ahead! pull up!”
Warning “terrain! terrain! pull up!
pull up!”
“caution, obstacle”
“caution, obstacle
ahead”
“obstacle ahead! pull
up!”
“obstacle! obstacle!
pull up! pull up!”
Descent Rate
“caution, sink rate”
“sink rate, pull up!”
“pull up!”
Index
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Aural Alerts
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Appendix B
Overview
APPENDIX B: ABNORMAL OPERATION
LOSS OF GNSS POSITION
When the aera 660 loses the GNSS signal for any reason, the following will occur:
Navigation
• A blinking red question mark will appear over the airplane icon on the map.
• The ‘Lost Satellite Reception’ message will display.
• Any GNSS dependent data fields will not be available.
Flight Planning
Hazard Avoidance
GNSS Signal Lost
If the Terrain function doesn’t have at least a 3D fix (i.e. altitude unknown),
a Red X will be displayed.
Additional Features
HAZARD DISPLAY WITH LOSS OF GNSS POSITION
Appendices
Index
Terrain Red X
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Index
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
Navigation
Overview
Appendix B
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Appendix C
CONNECTING TO A COMPUTER
Mini-USB Connector
Navigation
The aera 660 can be connected to a computer using the included USB-PC Interface
Cable to connect to a USB data port.
Overview
APPENDIX C: MANAGING FILES AND DATABASES
Flight Planning
Additional Features
Appendices
Connecting the aera 660 to a computer:
1) (Optional Step) Insert a memory card into the memory card slot. Press it in
until it clicks.
2) Turn the unit on.
3) Connect the small end of the USB cable to the connector.
4) Connect the larger end of the USB cable to a USB port on the computer.
The Mass Storage Icon appears on the screen, along with an icon indicating
the usage mode. The aera 660 and memory card appear as removable
drives in My Computer in Windows and as mounted volumes on Mac
computers.
Hazard Avoidance
Mini-USB Connection
Index
Mass Storage Icon
Mass Storage Mode
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Navigation
Overview
Appendix C
MANAGING FILES
NOTE: The aera 660 is not compatible with Windows95®, 98, Me, Windows
NT®, and Mac® OS 10.3 and earlier.
Files can be stored in the aera 660 internal memory or the optional memory card.
Supported File Types
GPX route files
Maps, routes, trip logs, and waypoints from MapSource®
aera 660 File Types
MAPSOURCE DETAILED MAPS
The included USB Interface Cable is used to transfer MapSource® CD-ROM data to
the aera 660 internal memory or optional MicroSD Card.
For compatible MapSource® products, refer to the Garmin web site at www.garmin.
com/cartography.
TRANSFERRING FILES
To transfer files:
1) Browse the computer for the file to copy.
2) Highlight the file, and select Edit > Copy.
3) Open the "Garmin" or memory card drive/volume.
4) Select Edit > Paste. The file appears in the list of files in the aera 660
memory or on the memory card.
Index
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
GPI custom POI files from the POI Loader Application
158
5)
When finished transferring files, click
in the toolbar (system tray), or
drag the volume icon to the
trash can on Mac computers.
6)
Unplug the aera 660 from the computer
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Appendix C
The aera 660 uses an optional MicroSD™ Card for storing data. The maximum
recommended size is 32 GB.
Overview
MicroSD™ CARD USE (OPTIONAL)
INSTALLING AND REMOVING MicroSD™ CARDS
You can load a variety of information to the aera 660 internal memory or MicroSD
Card, such as MapSource detailed maps in a MapSource program.
Navigation
Install the MicroSD Card in the slot located on the left side of the unit. Install or
remove the MicroSD Card at any time, whether the unit is on or off.
Flight Planning
MicroSD™ Slot
Hazard Avoidance
Appendices
Installing an MicroSD Card:
1) Firmly push the card into the unit. It is not necessary to force the card. The
handle is still exposed when it is properly inserted.
2) The unit takes a few seconds to read the card. When the data card has
been properly installed and accepted, a summary screen noting the card
details appears. Touch to acknowledge.
Additional Features
MicroSD Card Slot
If you insert an MicroSD Card and get a card format not recognized message, try
removing the card and reinserting it. If the card is still not recognized, contact Garmin
Product Support or your Garmin dealer.
Index
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Appendix C
Overview
Removing an MicroSD Card:
1) Push the card into the unit until it stops.
2) Release the card. The card should eject for easy removal.
Index
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
Navigation
3)
With the card ejected, pull the card out of the slot.
DATABASE TYPES
The basemap database contains data for the topography and land features, such as
rivers, lakes, and towns. It is updated only periodically, with no set schedule. There is
no expiration date.
The terrain database contains the terrain mapping data. The database is updated
periodically and has no expiration date.
The obstacle database contains data for obstacles, such as towers, that pose a
potential hazard to aircraft. Obstacles 200 feet and higher are included in the obstacle
database. It is very important to note that not all obstacles are necessarily charted and
therefore may not be contained in the obstacle database. This database is updated on
a 56-day cycle and does not expire.
NOTE: The data contained in the terrain and obstacle databases comes from
government agencies. Garmin accurately processes and cross-validates the
data, but cannot guarantee the accuracy and completeness of the data.
The Safe Taxi database contains detailed airport diagrams for selected airports.
These diagrams aid in following ground control instructions by accurately displaying
the aircraft position on the map in relation to taxiways, ramps, runways, terminals, and
services. This database is updated on a 56-day cycle and does not expire.
GARMIN AVIATION DATABASES
The Garmin database updates can be obtained via Wi-Fi or by visiting the ‘flyGarmin’
website (www.fly.garmin.com).
After the databases have been updated, check that the appropriate databases are
initialized and displayed on the splash screen during power-up.
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Appendix C
Optional airport directory databases such as AC-U-KWIK are also supported. ACU-KWIK provides complete listings of FBOs, charter companies, fuel suppliers, ground
transportation, maintenance and catering services at public airports across the world.
• *Airport—identifier, facility name, city/state/country, latitude/longitude, field
elevation, available fuel types, runway designations and layout, runway surface,
runway length, runway width, runway lighting, communication frequencies, and
published approaches.
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Garmin aera 660 Pilot’s Guide
Index
• Weather—frequencies associated with an airport (ASOS, ATIS, and AWOS).
Appendices
The following information is provided from the internal navigation database:
Additional Features
NOTE: Although the Garmin and Jeppesen Navigation Databases contain
much of the same information, pilots may notice differences in behavior,
nearest list functionality, airspace display, and map page display details due to
data content variations.
Hazard Avoidance
The aera 660 includes an internal navigation database that provides location and
facility information for thousands of airports, VORs, NDBs, and more. There are two
navigation database products available: the Garmin Navigation database containing
coverage for North America (expanded coverage is planned for the future), and
the Jeppesen Navigation database containing coverage for the world, available in
regionalized options. Database purchases are available online (www.fly.garmin.
com). However, once the databases are purchased, the ability to download and install
databases is available from the aera 660 via Wi-Fi.
Flight Planning
NAVIGATION DATABASE
Navigation
The AOPA Airport Directory provides data on airports and heliports throughout the
U.S. and it is updated on a 56-day cycle. Detailed information for over 5,300 U.S.
airports, along with the names and phone numbers of thousands of FBOs can be
viewed. This service allows the pilot to plan an overnight, choose fuel stops, find
ground transportation, etc.
Overview
AIRPORT DIRECTORY DATABASES
161
Overview
Appendix C
• *VORs—identifier, facility name, city/state/country, location (latitude/longitude),
frequency, service volume (high, low, terminal), and type (such as VOR-DME,
TACAN, and VORTAC).
• Intersections—identifier, nearest VOR, radial and distance from nearest VOR,
location (latitude/longitude), and region/country.
• ARTCC—Air Route Traffic Control Centers.
• Airspace—boundaries (Class B, Class C, Control Zones, SUAs, and MOAs),
controlling agency, and vertical boundaries.
• FSS—Flight Service Stations.
* Symbology used for NDBs, VORs, and airports is consistent with those used on a
sectional chart.
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
Navigation
• *NDBs—identifier, facility name, city/state/country, location (latitude/longitude),
and frequency.
NOTE: After performing a navigation database update, verify all flight plan(s)
(routes) are current. If there is an obsolete aviation point in a saved route, the
route is locked and unusable. A new route with current navigation database
points will need to be created.
DATABASE PURCHASE, INSTALLATION, AND UPDATES
Database purchases are available online (www.fly.garmin.com). However, once
the databases are purchased online, the ability to download and install databases is
available from the aera 660 via Wi-Fi.
Database downloads can be automatically downloaded as updates become
available, or be user-initiated.
DATABASE PURCHASE
Index
Purchasing databases:
1) If necessary, from www.fly.garmin.com register the unit and purchase the
desired databases.
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Appendix C
2)
Connect to a Wi-Fi network on the aera 660:
Overview
a) From the Main Menu, touch Tools > Setup > Wi-Fi > On.
b) Touch Add Network.
c) Touch the desired network to add.
d) If necessary, enter the password using the keypad and touch Enter.
Navigation
'EASY UPDATE' DATABASE DOWNLOADING AND
INSTALLATION (AUTOMATED AND USER-INITIATED)
Flight Planning
Enabling automated database downloads:
1) If Automatic Database Downloads are currently disabled, from the Main
Menu, touch Tools > Downloads.
2) Touch Enable Automatic Downloads to enable automatic download of
updated databases as they become available.
Hazard Avoidance
Additional Features
Enabling Automatic Downloads
Appendices
Automated database download/install:
If Automatic Database Downloads are enabled (refer to previous
procedure), a Database Installation window is automatically displayed
once a database becomes available to install, and either at least one of
the currently installed databases is expired, or if there are no databases
currently installed.
Index
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Automated Database Installation Window
The Automated Database installation window may indicate, 'Additional selection
available' indicating that the user is required to select one or more databases for
download, if not all of the database downloads were completed automatically.
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
Navigation
Overview
Appendix C
Index
Appendices
Automated Database Installation Window - Additional Selection
164
1)
Touch Dismiss to pause the installation and return to the currently
displayed page.
2)
Touch View to display to the Downloads Page.
3)
Touch Install to install the database(s) and reboot the unit. When
choosing Install, the unit immediately begins database installation and
cannot be used until installation is complete and the unit reboots.
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Appendix C
Overview
Navigation
Additional Features
User-Initiated database download/install:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Tools > Downloads.
2) Touch Easy Update to begin downloading all updated databases.
Databases will continue to download even if the Downloads page is not
displayed.
Hazard Avoidance
Disabling automated database downloads:
1) If Automatic Database Downloads are currently enabled, from the Main
Menu, touch Tools > Downloads.
2) Touch Disable Automatic Downloads to disable automatic download of
updated databases as they become available.
Flight Planning
Database Downloads Installing
Appendices
Index
Database Downloads Page
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Appendix C
If multiple databases of the same type are ready for download and an Easy
Update database has not been selected, the user is required to specify
which database to install.
Flight Planning
Navigation
Overview
3)
Multiple Database Installation - Additional Installation Options
Once the databases are downloaded, an Easy Database Update window
is displayed. The user has 30 seconds to Install or Postpone immediate
installation.
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
4)
Easy Database Update Window
a) Touch Postpone to exit the installation process and resume at a later
time.
Index
b) Touch Install to start the database installation process. The unit
reports as the database is "Preparing to Install" and "Installing". The
unit automatically reboots when the installation is complete.
c) Allow the timer to expire to start the database installation process.
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Appendix C
The user is not prompted to select chart regions when downloading charts via Easy
Update. Instead, regions are based on the user's previous selections. In order to
change the downloaded regions, touch the Ready to Download button, then touch
Download to display the Region Download Selector page.
Overview
SELECTING CHART REGIONS FOR DOWNLOAD
Navigation
For the IFR and VFR Charts category, the selector screen will show a list of regions,
such as states for US charts, territories for Canadian charts, etc. Touch a region name
to select all charts covering that region; touch selected region names again to deselect
them. Region name buttons in List view do not necessarily correlate with specific IFR
or VFR charts; instead selecting a region name will select multiple charts on which that
region appears. Touching the Map button will switch to map view.
Flight Planning
Selecting/changing chart regions for download:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Tools > Downloads.
2) Touch the Ready to Download button for the desired chart.
Additional Features
The map view for categories of downloads shows a map of that category's regions,
with a grid of chart coverage areas overlaid on it. Touch any of the coverage areas to
select that chart for download. Touch a selected coverage area again to deselect it.
Touch the Start Download button to start downloading the selected charts.
Hazard Avoidance
Some entries in the Downloads page, such as IFR and VFR charts, are categories that
group together multiple downloads. Touching a category entry will show a secondary
selector screen to select specific content to download. Selector screens display their
contents organized as lists and as maps.
Appendices
Index
Downloads Page
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Appendix C
Touch Download.
Flight Planning
Navigation
Overview
3)
Downloads Page - Selecting Chart Regions
Touch the region names to select/deselect.
5)
Touch Start Download.
Hazard Avoidance
4)
Additional Features
Switch to
Map View
Index
Appendices
Region Download Selector - List View
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Appendix C
Overview
Coverage
Area
Selected to
Download
Switch to
List View
Navigation
Unselected
Coverage
Area
Flight Planning
Region Download Selector - Map View
SOFTWARE UPDATES
Software downloads can be either user-initiated or configured to automatically
download as updates become available.
3)
Touch the desired software update and touch Next.
4)
Read the Software License Agreement and touch Agree and Install.
Additional Features
User-Initiated software download/install:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Tools > Downloads.
2) Touch Menu > Software Downloads.
Hazard Avoidance
In addition to databases, the area 660 will check for software updates when
connected to the internet over Wi-Fi. The aera 660 can use Wi-Fi to update its system
software, as well as any other software available from Garmin.
Appendices
Index
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Flight Planning
Navigation
Overview
Appendix C
Software Downloads Page
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Enabling automated software downloading:
1) If Automatic Software Downloading is currently disabled, from the Main
Menu, touch Tools > Downloads.
2) Touch Menu > Software Downloads > Menu.
3) Touch Yes.
Enabling Automatic Software Downloads
Index
Automated software download/install:
If Automatic Software Downloading is currently enabled (refer to previous
procedure), a 'Update Software' window is automatically displayed once a
software update becomes available.
1) From the 'Update Software' window, touch Yes to view the update.
2) Touch the desired software update and touch Next.
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Appendix C
3)
Read the Software License Agreement and touch Agree and Install.
Overview
Navigation
Flight Planning
Software Update Notification
Hazard Avoidance
Disabling automated software download/install:
1) If Automatic Software Downloading is currently enabled, from the Main
Menu, touch Tools > Downloads.
2) Touch Menu > Software Downloads > Menu.
3) Touch No.
Additional Features
Appendices
Disabling Automatic Software Downloads
Index
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Index
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
Navigation
Overview
Appendix C
Blank Page
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Appendix D
Overview
APPENDIX D: INSTALLATION AND INTERFACING
MOUNTING THE aera 660 IN THE AIRCRAFT
Navigation
The aera 660 yoke mount comes fully assembled as shown below. The yoke mount is
designed to fit the majority of conventional aircraft yokes and center column controls.
Flight Planning
Hazard Avoidance
aera Cradle
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Index
NOTE: After installation, verify flight controls are free and clear per the flight
manual of the applicable aircraft and that the aera 660 yoke mount and wiring
do not cause any interference with the flight controls.
Appendices
WARNING: It is the sole responsibility of the owner/operator of the aera 660
to place this mount and secure the unit so that it will not interfere with the
aircraft's operating controls and safety devices, or cause damage or personal
injury in the event of an accident or turbulence. Do no mount the aera 660
where the pilot or passengers are likely to impact it in an accident, collision,
or turbulence. The mounting hardware provided by Garmin is not warranted
against turbulence, collision damage, or related consequences.
Additional Features
Clamp Adjustment Knob
Appendix D
Overview
NOTE: Readjust the position of the aera 660 to provide the best view of the
display screen as lighting conditions change.
Flight Planning
Navigation
Attaching the yoke mount to the yoke shaft or control arm:
1) Open the clamp by turning the Clamp Adjustment Knob until it can be
easily placed over the yoke shaft or control arm. Install the yoke mount as
far from the panel as is practical.
2) When in place, tighten the Clamp Adjustment Knob to secure the yoke
mount to the yoke shaft or control arm.
3) Loosen the Cradle Adjustment Knob, then orient the aera 660 as desired.
4) Tighten the Cradle Adjustment Knob to hold the aera 660 in place.
5) Connect power/data cables.
Hazard Avoidance
Attaching the aera 660 to the yoke mount:
1) Fit the bottom of the aera 660 into the cradle.
2) Tilt the aera 660 back until it snaps into place.
Index
Appendices
Additional Features
Removing the aera 660 from the yoke mount:
1) Press the Release Button on the side of the mount to release the aera 660.
2) Lift out the aera 660.
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Appendix D
Release Button aera Cradle
Overview
aera
Navigation
Flight Planning
Cradle Adjustment Knob
Yoke Mount Assembly
Hazard Avoidance
Connecting the cables:
Make all applicable cable connections.
Additional Features
Cradle
Appendices
Power Plug (3A Fuse)
3.5mm Headphone/Audio Jack
Index
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Appendix D
Navigation
Overview
Reconfiguring the yoke mount for center column yokes:
1) Loosen and remove the Cradle Adjustment Knob, spacer, and rubber
washer.
2) Rotate the clamp assembly 90o so that the clamp opening faces away from
you.
3) Secure the clamp assembly to the rest of the yoke mount using the Cradle
Adjustment Knob, spacer, and rubber washer. Adjust the clamp angle
before fully tightening the Cradle Adjustment Knob.
Flight Planning
Yoke Mount in Conventional Configuration
Rubber Washer
Cradle
Adjustment
Knob
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Spacer
Index
Appendices
Clamp
Assembly
Yoke Mount in Forward-Facing Configuration
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Appendix D
Securing the cable on the top of the yoke mount:
Overview
1)
2)
Remove the screws securing the cable clamp.
Orient the cable and secure the clamp with the screws.
Cable Clamp
Navigation
SL30 NAV/COMM
•
GNC 255
•
SL40 COMM
•
GTR 200
•
GTR 225
NOTE: For additional information refer to the SL30 NAV/COMM, SL40 COMM,
GTR 225, GNC 255, or GTR 200 installation manual.
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Index
CAUTION: This interface does not have an FAA installation airworthiness
approval. If any tuning or operational abnormalities are encountered with the
SL30 nav/comm, SL40 comm, GTR 225, GNC 255, or GTR 200, disconnect the
aera 660 from the applicable tuning interface.
Appendices
•
Additional Features
The aera 660 can also output frequency data to a Garmin aviation radio. For
additional information refer to the applicable installation manual. Currently the
following models are supported:
Hazard Avoidance
CONNECTING TO A GARMIN VHF COMM RADIO
Flight Planning
Removing the yoke mount from the yoke shaft (or control arm):
1) Disconnect the cable connectors from the aircraft.
2) Loosen the clamp by turning the Clamp Adjustment Knob until the clamp
assembly can be easily removed from the yoke shaft or control arm.
Appendix D
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
Navigation
Overview
Outputting frequency data to a SL40, SL30, GTR 200, GTR 225, or
GNC 255 nav/comm radio:
1) Connect the aera 660 to the applicable nav/comm radio using the Aviation
Bare Wire Connector (optional accessory).
Appendices
Additional Features
aera 660 Aviation Bare Wire Connector
Index
aera 660 Aviation Bare Wire Connections
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Appendix D
From the Main Menu, touch Tools > Setup > Interface.
3)
Touch the Serial Data Format Button. A vertical list is displayed.
4)
Touch ' Aviation In/NMEA & VHF Out' or 'GTX TIS-A In/NMEA &
VHF Out'. These comm modes send both NMEA data and VHF frequency
information.
Navigation
The following features are now available on the radio:
• Remote frequency lists for departure, enroute, and arrival airports.
Overview
2)
• Nearest VOR frequencies (SL30 only).
The aera 660 can also directly tune a standby frequency.
Flight Planning
Selecting a standby comm frequency:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Waypoint > Freq Tab
2) Touch the desired frequency from the list. The frequency is now tuned in
standby.
INTERFACING
Garmin’s proprietary communication protocol is available from the Web site (www.
garmin.com).
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Index
The following are the Approved Sentences for NMEA 0183, version 3.01 output:
GPRMC, GPGGA, GPGSA, GPGSV, GPGLL, GPBOD, GPRTE, and GPWPL. The following
are the Proprietary Sentences for NMEA 0183, version 3.01 output: PGRME, PGRMZ,
PGRMM, and PGRMH.
Appendices
The following formats are supported for connection of external devices: NMEA 0180,
0182, 0183 (versions 1.5, 2.0, 2.3, 3.01), ASCII Text Output, and Garmin proprietary
formats for connecting to a Mode S transponder for TIS-A data, and to a Garmin
aviation NAV/COM radio.
Additional Features
When connecting the aera 660 to a USB port, the computer prompts you to locate
the destination of the drivers for the device. Only install the drivers once. After the
drivers are installed, your computer always detects your aera 660 when it is connected.
USB driver updates can be found at www.garmin.com.
Hazard Avoidance
INFORMATION ABOUT USB DRIVERS
GENERAL INTERFACE SETUP
The Interface Setup controls the input/output format used when connecting the unit
to external devices.
Selecting an interface:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Tools > Setup > Interface.
2) Touch Serial Port 1 or Serial Port 2.
3) Touch Serial Data Format. A vertical list is displayed.
4) Touch the desired data format ('Garmin Data Transfer', 'NMEA Out',
'Aviation In', 'Aviation In/NMEA & VHF Out', 'GTX TIS-A In', 'GTX
TIS-A In/NMEA & VHF Out', 'Garmin Data Transfer', 'MapMX', or
'None'.
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
Navigation
Overview
Appendix D
Restoring interface defaults:
From the Main Menu, touch Tools > Setup > Interface > Menu >
Restore Default.
Serial Data Formats
• None: Provides no interfacing capabilities.
• NMEA Out: Transmits NMEA position, velocity, and navigation data.
• Aviation In: The proprietary format used for connection to a Garmin panel-mounted
GPS receiver. This eliminates the need to enter the destination on both units. If the external device supports both the Aviation In and MapMX formats, Garmin recommends using
the preferred MapMX format.
• Aviation In/NMEA & VHF Out: Receives aviation data and transmits out both NMEA
data, at 9600 baud, and VHF frequency tuning information to a Garmin Nav/Comm radio.
• GTX TIS-A In: Receives TIS-A data from a Garmin Mode S transponder or other compatible device.
Index
• GTX TIS-A In/NMEA & VHF Out: Receives TIS data and transmits out both NMEA data,
at 9600 baud, and VHF frequency tuning information to a Garmin Nav/Comm radio.
• Garmin Data Transfer: The proprietary format used to exchange data with a PC,
weather/traffic device, or another Garmin aera 660.
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Appendix D
Advanced NMEA Output Setup
Hazard Avoidance
Setting NMEA output mode:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Tools > Setup > Interface.
2) Touch Serial Data Format. A vertical list is displayed.
3) Touch 'NMEA Out'.
4) Touch NMEA Output Mode to toggle between 'Normal' or 'Fast'.
Flight Planning
If interfacing the aera 660 with another piece of equipment (such as an autopilot),
the unit needs to be set to output NMEA data. If the NMEA output mode is set
to ‘Fast’, the unit will output a minimum number of NMEA sentences at 1-second
intervals. If the NMEA output is set to ‘Normal’, the unit will output a greater number
NMEA sentences as 2-second intervals.
Navigation
• MapMX: Receives flight plan and navigation data from Garmin navigators. When
MapMX data is received, a more accurate depiction of the flight plan legs are displayed
on the moving map (i.e., holds, procedure turns, etc.). MapMX is the preferred data
source when interfacing with Garmin navigators.
Overview
• Connext 57600 Baud: Connext datalink source at 57600 baud. Used to receive ADS-B
traffic and weather data if connected to a compatible receiver.
• Normal Mode: GPRMB, GPRMC, GPGGA, GPGSA, GPGSV, GPGLL, GPBWC,
GPVTG, GPXTE, GPBOD, GPRTE, GPWPL, GPAPB, PGRME, PGRMZ, PGRMM,
and PGRMH.
Additional Features
NMEA Sentence Output:
• Fast Mode: GPRMB, GPRMC, PGRMZ, and PGRMH.
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Index
To receive weather and traffic information from the GDL 39, the GDL 39 must be
connected to the aera using the 'GDL 39 Power/Data Cable to aera 660 Series (P/N
010-12373-02), using a Bluetooth connection, or through a bare wire installation
(aera bare wire cable P/N 010-11756-01 to GDL 39 bare wire cable P/N 010-1168640). The GDL 39 can only be connected to Serial Port 1 on the aera. The aera must
also be configured correctly to receive traffic and weather information from the GDL
39 as described below.
Appendices
CONFIGURING AERA 660 FOR A GDL 39
Appendix D
Navigation
Overview
Configuring aera for a GDL 39:
1) Connect the aera to the GDL 39 through the Power/Data Cable.
2) From the Main Menu, touch Tools > Setup > Interface.
3) Touch the 'Serial Data Format' field. A vertical list is displayed.
4) Touch 'Garmin Data Transfer'. Garmin Data Transfer is only available on
Serial Port 1.
5) From the Main Menu, touch Tools > Data Link to view GDL 39
connection status.
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
CAUTION: Never remove power from the aera or GDL 39 during a software
update. Anytime the aera software is updated it may also contain firmware
updates for products such as the GDL 39. The aera software will update first,
after the unit reboots it will update the firmware of a connected GDL 39. You
can view the GDL 39 update progress on the Data Link Information Page.
Mini-USB Connector to the
XM Receiver
To GDL 39 Power/
Data Port
Index
Appendices
GDL 39 Power/Data Cable to aera
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Appendix D
aera Bare Wire Color
GDL 39 Bare Wire Color
TX1 (Data Out) from
aera
TX1 Blue Wire
White/Green Wire
RX1 (Data In) into aera
RX1 Yellow Wire
Green Wire
Navigation
aera Aviation Bare Wire Connections to GDL 39
Additional Features
Configuring aera for a GDL 51/52:
1) Connect the aera to the GDL 51/52 through the Power/Data Cable.
2) From the Main Menu, touch Tools > Setup > Interface.
3) Touch Serial Port 1 or Serial Port 2.
4) Touch the 'Serial Data Format' field. A vertical list is displayed.
5) Touch 'Connext 57600 Baud'.
6) From the Main Menu, touch Tools > Data Link to view GDL 51/52
connection status.
Index
183
Appendices
CAUTION: Never remove power from the aera or GDL 51/52 during a
software update. Anytime the aera software is updated it may also contain
firmware updates for products such as the GDL 51/52. The aera software will
update first, after the unit reboots it will update the firmware of a connected
GDL 51/52. You can view the GDL 51/52 update progress on the Data Link
Information Page.
Garmin aera 660 Pilot’s Guide
Hazard Avoidance
To receive weather and traffic information from the GDL 51/52, the GDL 51/52 must
be connected to the aera using the GDL 51/52 Power/Data Cable to Aera 660 Series
(P/N 010-12373-02), using a Bluetooth connection, or through a bare wire installation
(aera bare wire cable P/N 010-12373-01 or bare wire cable P/N 010-11686-40). The
GDL 51/52 can be connected to Serial Port 1 or Serial Port 2 on the aera as long as the
respective port is configured appropriately. The aera must also be configured correctly
to receive traffic and weather information from the GDL 51/52 as described below.
Flight Planning
CONFIGURING AERA 660 FOR A GDL 51/52
190-02017-20 Rev. E
Overview
Connection
Appendix D
Navigation
Overview
To GDL 51/52 Data/Power
Port
001-03854-91
Power Connector
To aera
660
Mount
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
GDL 51/52 Power/Data Cable to aera
Index
Appendices
aera 660 Aviation Bare Wire Connections
Connection
aera Bare Wire Color
TX1 (Data Out) from aera
TX1 Blue Wire
GDL 51/52 Bare Wire
Color
White/Green Wire
RX1 (Data In) into aera
RX1 Yellow Wire
Green Wire
TX2 (Data Out) from aera
TX2 Orange Wire
White/Orange Wire
RX2 (Data In) into aera
RX2 Purple Wire
Orange Wire
aera Aviation Bare Wire Connections to GDL 51/52
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Appendix D
Overview
PAIRING A GDL OR GTX DEVICE VIA BLUETOOTH
Navigation
Pairing a GDL or GTX via Bluetooth:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Tools > Setup > Bluetooth.
2) Touch Bluetooth On/Off to turn on the Bluetooth.
3) Touch Not Connected next to the device name. A Bluetooth Passkey
window will open.
4) Touch OK.
5) Touch Connected to disconnect.
PAIRING THE GDL 51/52 TO AN AUDIO DEVICE
a) To add a device, touch Add Audio Devices > Pair Device.
b) To remove a device, touch Remove Paired Devices and touch the red
X to select the desired device.
The optional GA25 external antenna can be used. Connect the antenna to the
connector located on the left side of the unit.
Appendices
USING AN EXTERNAL GPS ANTENNA (OPTIONAL)
Additional Features
Pairing the GDL 51/52 to an audio device:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Tools > Data Link.
2) Touch Menu > Manage Connext Bluetooth.
3) Touch Menu.
Hazard Avoidance
The GDL 51/52 can also be paired using its internal Bluetooth connection to play
audio.
Flight Planning
The Bluetooth Setup Menu provides several options for connecting to Bluetooth
devices. Manage Paired Devices can enable Automatic Reconnect and remove
connections on a per-device basis.
Index
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Overview
Appendix D
Navigation
External Antenna
Connector
Index
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
External Antenna Connector
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Appendix E
BATTERY INFORMATION
MAXIMIZING THE BATTERY LIFE
• Turn down the backlight (refer to the 'System Settings' chapter of this section).
• Do not operate the unit outside of the following temperature range: -15° to 55°
C.
REPLACING THE BATTERY IN THE AERA 660
CHANGING THE FUSE
If the unit does not charge, the fuse may need to be replaced.
Unscrew the round end piece, and remove it.
2)
Remove the fuse (glass and silver cylinder), and replace with a 3A fast-blow
fuse.
3)
Ensure that the silver tip is placed in the end piece. Screw on the end piece.
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Index
1)
Appendices
To replace the battery, use a Garmin lithium-ion battery 010-11654-03. Purchase
a replacement battery at http://buy.garmin.com. Contact the local waste disposal
department for information about properly disposing of the battery.
Additional Features
• Avoid prolonged exposure to excessive heat.
Hazard Avoidance
• Do not leave the unit in direct sunlight, in a cool (not freezing) place. When
storing the unit, store within the following temperature ranges: safe storage -15°
to 55° C, or long term storage 0° to 25° C.
Flight Planning
The
battery icon in the top right of the screen indicates the status of the aera
660 battery. To increase the accuracy of the battery gauge, fully discharge the battery
and fully charge it. Do not unplug the aera 660 until it is fully charged.
Navigation
The aera 660 contains a user-replaceable, lithium-ion battery. To maximize the
lifetime of the battery, do not leave the aera 660 in direct sunlight, and avoid prolonged
exposure to excessive heat.
Overview
APPENDIX E: BATTERY AND CARE INFORMATION
Appendix E
Overview
End Piece
Silver Tip
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
Navigation
Fuse
CLEANING THE CASING
The aera 660 is constructed of high-quality materials and does not require user
maintenance other than cleaning. Clean the outer casing (not the touchscreen) using
a cloth dampened with a mild detergent solution, and then wipe dry. Avoid chemical
cleaners and solvents that can damage plastic components.
CLEANING THE TOUCHSCREEN
The aera 660 display uses a lens coated with a special coating that is very sensitive
to abrasive cleaners. AVOID CHEMICAL CLEANERS AND SOLVENTS THAT WILL HARM
THE SPECIAL COATING. It is very important when cleaning the touchscreen to use a
clean, lint-free cloth (lightly dampened with water, if necessary).
Appendices
PROTECTING THE UNIT
• Do not store the aera 660 where prolonged exposure to extreme temperature can
occur.
Index
• Though a PDA stylus can be used to operate the touchscreen, never attempt this
while operating an aircraft. Never use a hard or sharp object to operate the
touchscreen.
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Appendix E
Overview
AVOIDING THEFT
• Remove the unit from sight when not in use.
• Do not keep the unit in the glove compartment.
• Register the product at http://my.garmin.com.
Navigation
Flight Planning
Hazard Avoidance
Additional Features
Appendices
Index
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Index
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
Navigation
Overview
Appendix E
Blank Page
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Appendix F
Overview
APPENDIX F: GENERAL TIS-A INFORMATION
NOTE: Aircraft without an operational transponder are invisible to TIS-A.
Appendices
The main difference between the Traffic Information System (TIS-A) and Traffic
Advisory (TAS) or Traffic Collision Avoidance Systems (TCAS) is the source of surveillance
data. TAS/TCAS uses an airborne interrogator with a half-second update rate, while
TIS-A utilizes the terminal Mode-S ground interrogator and accompanying data link to
provide a five-second update rate. TIS-A and TAS/TCAS have similar ranges.
Additional Features
TIS-A VS. TAS/TCAS
Hazard Avoidance
The Traffic Information Service (TIS-A) provides traffic advisory information to nonTAS/TCAS-equipped aircraft. TIS-A is a ground-based service providing the relative
locations of all ATCRBS (Air Traffic Control Radar Beacon System) Mode-A and Mode-C
transponder equipped aircraft within a specified service volume. The TIS-A ground
sensor uses real-time track reports to generate traffic notification. The aera 660
displays TIS-A traffic information on the Navigation Map. Surveillance data includes
all transponder-equipped aircraft within the coverage volume. The aera 660 displays
up to eight traffic targets within a 7.5-nm radius, from 3,000 feet below, to 3,500 feet
above the requesting aircraft.
Flight Planning
WARNING: Do not rely solely upon the display of traffic information to accurately
depict all of the traffic within range of the aircraft. Due to lack of equipment, poor signal
reception, and/or inaccurate information from aircraft or ground stations, traffic may be
present that is not represented on the display.
Navigation
WARNING: Do not rely solely upon the display of traffic information for collision
avoidance maneuvering. The traffic display does not provide collision avoidance
resolution advisories and does not, under any circumstances or conditions, relieve the
pilot’s responsibility to see and avoid other aircraft.
Index
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TIS-A LIMITATIONS
TIS-A relies on surveillance of the Mode-S radar system, which is a “secondary
surveillance” radar system similar to that used by ATCRBS. Many limitations are
inherent in secondary radar surveillance. Information provided by TIS-A is neither
better nor more accurate than the information used by ATC. TIS-A is intended only to
assist in visual acquisition of other aircraft in visual meteorological conditions (VMC).
While TIS-A is a useful aid for visual traffic avoidance, system limitations must be
considered to ensure proper use. No recommended avoidance maneuvers are given,
nor authorized, as a direct result of a TIS-A intruder display or TIS-A advisory.
• TIS-A operation may be intermittent during turns or other maneuvering.
• TIS-A is dependent on two-way, line-of-sight communications between the aircraft
and the Mode-S radar antenna. Whenever the structure of the aircraft comes
between the transponder antenna and the ground-based radar antenna, the signal
may be temporarily interrupted.
NOTE: Refer to the TIS-A Limitations section of the Aeronautical Information
Manual (AIM) for a more comprehensive explanation of limitations and anomalies
associated with TIS-A.
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
Navigation
Overview
Appendix F
NOTE: TIS-A is unavailable at low altitudes in many areas of the United States. This
is often the case in mountainous regions.
NOTE: Garmin is not responsible for Mode S geographical coverage. Operation of
Index
Appendices
the ground stations is the responsibility of the FAA. Refer to the AIM for a Terminal
Mode S radar site map.
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Appendix F
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Index
• By FAA Form 8000-7, Safety Improvement Report (postage-paid card can be obtained
at FAA FSSs, General Aviation District Offices, Flight Standards District Offices, and
General Aviation Fixed Base Operators)
Appendices
• By telephone to the nearest Flight Service Station (FSS) facility
Additional Features
Pilots using TIS-A can provide valuable assistance in the correction of malfunctions
by reporting observations of undesirable performance. Reports should identify the time
of observation, location, type and identity of the aircraft, and describe the condition
observed. Reports should also include the type of transponder and transponder
software version. Since TIS-A performance is monitored by maintenance personnel,
not ATC, malfunctions should be reported in the following ways:
Hazard Avoidance
These are rare occurrences and are typically resolved within a few radar sweeps once
the client/intruder aircraft course stabilizes.
Flight Planning
• When a rapidly closing intruder is on a course that intercepts the client aircraft
course at a shallow angle (either overtaking or head-on) and either aircraft abruptly
changes course within 0.25 nm, TIS-A may display the intruder aircraft on the
incorrect side of the client aircraft.
Navigation
• When the client or intruder aircraft maneuvers excessively or abruptly, the tracking
algorithm may report incorrect horizontal position until the maneuvering aircraft
stabilizes.
Overview
TIS-A information is collected during a single radar sweep. Collected information
is then sent through the Mode S uplink on the next radar sweep. Because of this,
the surveillance information is approximately five seconds old. TIS-A ground station
tracking software uses prediction algorithms to compensate for this delay. These
algorithms use track history data to calculate expected intruder positions consistent
with the time of display. Occasionally, aircraft maneuvering may cause variations in
this calculation and create slight errors on the Navigation Map which affect relative
bearing information and the target track vector and may delay display of the intruder
information. However, intruder distance and altitude typically remain relatively
accurate and may be used to assist in spotting traffic. The following errors are common
examples:
Index
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
Navigation
Overview
Appendix F
Blank Page
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Appendix G
Overview
APPENDIX G: UTILITIES
FLIGHT LOG
VIEWING THE FLIGHT LOG
Additional Features
Viewing details for a flight:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Tools > Flight Log.
2) Touch the desired flight log. Route, date, hours, distance, and the flight
path are displayed.
Hazard Avoidance
Select any listed entry in the log to view additional information, including a map
displaying the actual path flown.
Flight Planning
Recording begins when your speed exceeds 30 knots and you gain 250 feet of
altitude. If you land and groundspeed drops below 30 knots, the flight entry is saved
and a new entry is recorded when you depart the airport. A touch-and-go or brief
stop of less than 10 minutes appends to the current flight record, rather than starting
a new entry.
Navigation
The Flight Log shows a list of any recorded flights, including date, route of flight,
and flight time. The aera 660 saves up to 50 recorded flights. Entries on this list are
automatically created for each flight.
Appendices
Flight Log
Index
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DELETING FLIGHT RECORDS
You can delete the highlighted flight record or delete all flight records from the Flight
Log.
Deleting flight records:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Tools > Flight Log.
2) Touch the desired flight log (if applicable).
3) Touch Menu > Delete Flight > Yes.
Navigation
Overview
Appendix G
The aera 660 draws an electronic breadcrumb trail or “track log” on the Navigation
Map. The track log contains points along its path, including time, and location for each
point.
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
TRACK LOG
Additional Features
Track Log
Appendices
Track Log (Navigation Map)
Index
Track Log
The track log starts recording as soon as the aera 660 gets a location fix. For the best
results, clear the track log before each flight.
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Appendix G
Navigation
The Save feature allows storage of up to 15 track logs.
Showing/hiding the track log on the Navigation Map:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Map > Menu > Set Up.
2) Touch the Dedicated Page Icon and touch the Line Group.
Touch Track Log button and touch Show or Hide.
• Track Log—Select ‘Show’ or 'Hide' to display/remove the track log on the map.
• Track Interval—’Distance’ records track points after a specified distance has
been traveled. ‘Time’ creates track points after a specified time has elapsed.
'Automatic' saves points that occur after changes in navigation.
Appendices
• Track Record Mode—'Off' disables track log recording. ‘Fill’ records a track log
until the track log is full (100%). ’Wrap’ records over the oldest tracks when the
track log reaches 100%.
Additional Features
Track Log settings are also available from the Track Log Option Menu
Hazard Avoidance
Changing track log settings:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Map > Menu > Set Up.
2) Touch the Dedicated Page Icon and touch the Line Group.
3) Touch the Track Log Record Mode button and touch Off, Fill, or Wrap.
4) Touch the Track Log Interval button and touch Auto, Distance, or
Time.
5) Touch the Track Log Color button and touch the desired color from the
list.
Flight Planning
3)
Overview
The percentage of memory used by the current track log appears at the top of the
Track Log Window. After the track log is cleared, it shows zero percent. When the
screen reaches 100%, the most recent track points start to overwrite the least recent
track points (if ‘Wrap’ is selected in the Record Mode Field). To avoid losing track
points, save the track log when it approaches the 99% mark.
• Track Color—Select a color for the track when it appears on the map.
Index
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Appendix G
Navigation
Overview
Clearing the track log:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Tools > Track Log.
2) Touch the desired track log (if applicable).
3) Touch Menu.
4) Touch Clear Active Track or Delete All Saved Tracks.
5) Touch Yes.
Editing a track log:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Tools > Track Log.
2) Touch the desired track log.
3) Touch desired field to edit (Track Name, Show On Map, or Color).
TRACK VECTOR
The aera 660 draws an electronic “Track Vector” on the Navigation Map. The Track
Vector can be set to time or distance.
Track Vector
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
Saving a track log:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Tools > Track Log > Menu > Save
Active Track.
2) Touch the Save button and touch 'Entire Active Track', 'Past 24 Hours',
'Past 7 Days', 'Selected Flight', or 'Specific Dates'.
3) Enter the Selected Flight or Specified Dates (if applicable) and touch OK.
Index
Track Vector Setup
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Appendix G
Overview
Changing the track vector settings on the Navigation Map:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Map > Menu > Set Up.
2) Touch the Dedicated Page Icon and touch the 'Line' Group.
3) Touch the Track Vector button and touch Off, Distance, or Time.
4) If Distance is selected, use the keypad to enter the desired distance and
touch Enter.
5) If Time is selected, use the + / - buttons to select the desired time.
Navigation
E6B CALCULATOR
Accessing the E6B calculator:
From the Main Menu, touch Tools > E6B.
Hazard Avoidance
Barometric Pressure
from the Nearest
METAR
Flight Planning
The E6B Calculator calculates Density Altitude, True Airspeed, Tail Wind, Wind From,
and Wind Speed, based on information entered.
Additional Features
Calculated
Figures
• Indicated Altitude—required entry for density altitude/true airspeed calculation.
Appendices
E6B Calculator
Enter the aircraft’s altimeter reading.
• Baro Pressure—enter the current barometric pressure.
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Index
• Calibrated Airspeed— required entry for density altitude/true airspeed calculation.
Enter the aircraft’s airspeed indicator value.
• Total Air Temp— required entry for density altitude/true airspeed calculation. Total
Air Temperature (TAT) is the temperature of the air including the heating effect caused
by speed. The temperature reading on a standard outside air temperature gauge found
on most piston aircraft is TAT.
• Heading— required entry for winds aloft calculation. Use heading from the aircraft’s
heading indicator or directional gyro.
• True Airspeed— (calculated or user-entered figure) determined from entry of
calibrated airspeed, barometric pressure, and total air temperature. This can also be
entered directly for winds aloft calculations.
• Tail Wind— (calculated figure) determined from entry of heading and true airspeed.
• Wind From—(calculated figure) determined from entry of heading and true airspeed.
• Wind Speed—(calculated figure) determined from entry of heading and true airspeed.
• Density Altitude— (calculated figure) determined from entry of indicated altitude,
barometric pressure and total air temperature.
Calculating true airspeed and density altitude:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Tools > E6B, enter the altitude shown on
the altimeter into the ‘Indicated Altitude’ field.
2) Repeat for ‘Calibrated Airspeed’, ‘Baro Pressure’, and ‘Total Air
Temperature’ fields. (For Calibrated Airspeed, use the speed shown on
the airspeed indicator. Use the current altimeter setting for Baro Pressure.
Total Air Temperature is the temperature of the outside air including the
heating effect caused by speed. For most aircraft, this is the temperature
reading on a standard outside air temperature gauge.) The calculated
figures for True Airspeed and Density Altitude are shown in the designated
fields.
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
Navigation
Overview
Appendix G
Index
Calculating winds aloft:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Tools > E6B, calculate or enter the true
airspeed into the ‘True Airspeed’ field.
2) Enter the aircraft heading shown on the directional gyro or compass into
the ‘Heading’ field. Tail Wind, Wind From, and Wind Speed are calculated.
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Appendix G
Overview
NOTE: If True North is selected as the heading reference, a heading referenced
to True North must be used to calculate winds accurately.
Restoring E6B calculator defaults:
From the Main Menu, touch Tools > E6B > Menu > Restore Default.
The maximum speed is used to define the range for airspeed on the 3D Vision Page
and is automatically updated if you exceed this figure.
Hazard Avoidance
Accessing the aircraft profile:
From the Main Menu, touch Tools > Profile
Flight Planning
The Aircraft Profile allows the pilot to select cruising speed, maximum speed, fuel
flow, and map symbol. These values will be saved in the aera 660 unit even while
powered off. The unit can save up to 10 aircraft profiles.
Navigation
AIRCRAFT PROFILE
Additional Features
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Index
Entering an aircraft profile:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Tools > Profile
2) Touch the Aircraft Name Button to access a vertical list of saved profiles.
3) Touch the Map Symbol button and touch the desired symbol from the list.
4) Touch the Aircraft Fuel Type button and touch the desired fuel type from
the list.
5) Touch the Flight Planning Fuel Flow button and enter the fuel flow
using the keypad. Touch Enter.
Appendices
Aircraft Profile
Overview
Appendix G
Touch the Flight Planning Cruise Speed button and enter the cruise
speed using the keypad. Touch Enter.
7)
Touch the Maximum Aircraft Speed button and enter the max speed
using the keypad. Touch Enter.
Navigation
NOTE: The identifier is optional, and aircraft parameters can be changed
without specifying an identifier. However, in order to add additional aircraft
profiles, an identifier for the default aircraft must be specified first.
Flight Planning
Renaming a saved aircraft profile:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Tools > Profile.
2) Touch the Aircraft Name Button to access a vertical list of saved profiles.
3) Touch the desired profile from the list.
4) Touch Menu > Rename.
5) Enter the new Aircraft Name using the keypad, and touch OK.
Deleting a saved aircraft profile:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Tools > Profile.
2) Touch the Aircraft Name Button to access a vertical list of saved profiles.
3) Touch the desired profile from the list.
4) Touch Menu > Delete.
5) Touch Yes.
Hazard Avoidance
Additional Features
Appendices
Index
6)
WEIGHT & BALANCE
Weight & Balance may be used during pre-flight preparations to verify the weight
and balance conditions of the aircraft. By entering the weight and arm values, the aera
660 can calculate the total weight, moment, and center of gravity (CG).
Before entering the various figures, the empty weight of the airplane and the arm (or
“station”) for each weight should be determined. These figures should be determined
using the pilot’s operating handbook for the airplane, which also notes the weight
limitations and fore/aft CG limits. Compare those figures to the values calculated by
the aera 660.
Fuel units specified in an Aircraft Profile will carry over to the Weight & Balance page.
Once the Weight & Balance page is set to use the same fuel units as in the current
Aircraft Profile, the Weight & Balance page will inherit the setting from the Profile.
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Appendix G
Navigation
NOTE: This information is only for flight planning purposes. Consult the
aircraft’s pilot operating handbook for the official weight and balance data.
Overview
To perform weight and balance calculations:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Tools > Weight & Balance
2) Touch the fields to enter the desired weights and arms (or “stations”). The
calculated moment, weight, and CG figures appear at the bottom of the
screen. Keep in mind that the “Aircraft” (empty weight/arm) figures must
be entered as a reference to calculate a valid moment, weight, and CG.
3) To empty the aircraft, touch Menu > Empty Aircraft.
Flight Planning
Hazard Avoidance
PROXIMITY WAYPOINTS
The Proximity Waypoints allows the pilot to define an alarm circle around a waypoint
location.
Appendices
Proximity Proximity
Circle Alarm
Additional Features
Weight & Balance
Index
Proximity Waypoints
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Appendix G
Navigation
Overview
Defining proximity waypoints:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Tools > User Waypoint > Proximity Tab
> Menu > New Proximity Waypoint.
2) Touch Use Identifier or Use Map.
3) Enter the desired identifier or pan the map.
4) Touch the newly created Proximity Waypoint and touch Edit Radius.
5) Enter the desired radius using the keypad and touch Enter.
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
Setting up and customizing proximity waypoints for the Navigation Map:
From the Main Menu, touch Tools > User Waypoint > Proximity Tab >
Menu > Enable/Disable Proximity Alarms.
Or:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Map > Menu > Set Up.
2) Touch the Dedicated Page Icon and touch the Point Group.
3) Touch the Proximity Circle button and touch the desired settings ('Off',
'Auto', or Range Settings).
Additional Features
Deleting proximity waypoints:
1) From the Main Menu, touch Tools > User Waypoint > Proximity Tab.
a) Touch the desired proximity waypoint.
b) Touch Delete Proximity Waypoint.
Or:
a) Touch Menu.
Appendices
b) Touch Delete All.
Touch Yes.
Index
2)
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Appendix H
Overview
APPENDIX H: DISPLAY SYMBOLS
VFR SYMBOLS
Item
Symbol
Item
Military, Non-serviced
Towered, Non-serviced
Civilian, Serviced
Non-towered, Serviced
Military, Serviced
Towered, Serviced
Civilian, Soft/Unknown
Surface, Non-serviced
Soft Surface, Non-serviced
Civilian, Soft/Unknown
Surface, Serviced
Soft Surface, Serviced
Hazard Avoidance
Non-towered, Non-serviced
Flight Planning
Civilian, Non-serviced
Navigation
Unknown
Symbol
Additional Features
Atlantic Database Airports
Soft Surface, Private
Paved, Private
Appendices
Seaplane Base
Heliport
Americas/Pacific Database Airports
Index
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Appendix H
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
Navigation
Overview
Item
Item
Intersection
Interstate Highway
Visual Reporting Point
US Highway
LOM (compass locator at
outer marker)
State Highway
NDB (non-directional radio
beacon)
National Highway
VOR
Small City
VOR/DME
Medium City
ILS/DME or DME only
Large City
VORTAC
Symbol
Miscellaneous
Additional Features
TACAN
Navaids
IFR SYMBOLS
Item
Index
Appendices
Symbol
Item
Symbol
VFR, Soft/unknown Surface,
Non-serviced
Low-Altitude
VFR, Soft/unknown Surface,
Serviced
High- Altitude
Atlantic Database Airports
206
Garmin aera 660 Pilot’s Guide
Symbol
Airways
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Appendix H
Symbol
Item
LOM (compass locator at
outer marker)
IFR Airport, Non-serviced
NDB (non-directional radio
beacon)
VFR Airport, Serviced
VOR
IFR Airport, Serviced
VOR/DME
VFR, Soft Surface, Nonserviced
ILS/DME or DME Only
VFR, Soft Surface, Serviced
VORTAC
VFR, Soft Surface, Private
TACAN
VFR, Paved, Private
Hazard Avoidance
VFR Airport, Non-serviced
Flight Planning
Intersection
Navigation
Unknown
Symbol
Overview
Item
Additional Features
Navaids
VFR Seaplane Base
VFR Heliport
Appendices
Americas/Pacific Database Airports
Index
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AIRSPACE SYMBOLS
Symbol
Item
Class B, Class E,
CTA
Class A, Class C,
TMA
Class A, Class C,
TMA, TRSA
Class D
Class D
Mode C Veil
MOA
MOA
Navigation
Class B, Class E,
CTA
Flight Planning
Item
Hazard Avoidance
Overview
Appendix H
Danger, Alert, or
Training Area
Restricted,
Prohibited, or
Warning Area
TRSA
Additional Features
Danger, Alert, or
Training Area
Restricted,
Prohibited, or
Warning Area
Radar Area
ATZ, TIZ
Radar Area
Misc/Unknown
ATZ, TIZ
Appendices
Symbol
IFR Americas/Pacific Database
MATZ
ADIZ
Index
Misc/Unknown
VFR Americas/Pacific Database
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Appendix H
Symbol
Item
Danger or Alert
Area
Restricted,
Prohibited, or
Warning Area
Symbol
Overview
Item
Training Area
IFR Atlantic Database Exceptions
Navigation
Training Area
VFR Atlantic Database Exceptions
Flight Planning
Hazard Avoidance
Additional Features
Appendices
Index
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Index
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
Navigation
Overview
Appendix H
Blank Page
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Appendix I
Overview
APPENDIX I: MAP DATUM AND LOCATION
FORMATS
MAP DATUMS
Hazard Avoidance
Additional Features
Your current location can be viewed on the GPS in the form of coordinates. Since
different charts use different location formats, Garmin GPS units allow you to choose
the correct coordinate system for the type of chart you are using. The most common
format is latitude and longitude, which is used by all Garmin units. You can change the
location format to use with other coordinate systems. Several other grids, including a
user-definable grid (for the advanced user), are available.
Flight Planning
LOCATION FORMATS
Navigation
A datum is a mathematical model of the Earth that approximates the shape of the
Earth and enables calculations to be carried out in a consistent and accurate manner.
The datum is physically represented by a framework of ground monuments (such as
trig. stations) whose locations have been accurately measured and calculated on
this reference surface. Lines of latitude and longitude on a chart are referenced to a
specific map datum. Every chart has a map datum reference and the aera 660 can be
set to match most of those commonly used.
Appendices
Index
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Index
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
Navigation
Overview
Appendix I
Blank Page
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Appendix J
ADIZ
ADS-B
ADS-B In
Flight Planning
Hazard Avoidance
Automatic Dependent Surveillance-Rebroadcast
Above Ground Level
Airman’s Meteorological Information
Air Route Traffic Control Center
Automated Surface Observing System
Air Traffic Control
Automatic Terminal Information Service
Automated Weather Observing System
degrees Celsius
Indicated airspeed corrected for installation and instrument
errors.
centimeter
communication radio
The line between two points to be followed by the aircraft.
The recommended direction to steer in order to reduce
course error or stay on course. Provides the most efficient
heading to get back to the desired course and proceed along
the flight plan.
Garmin aera 660 Pilot’s Guide
213
Index
ºC
Calibrated
Airspeed
cm
COM
Course
Course to Steer
Appendices
The compass direction from the present position to a
destination waypoint.
Additional Features
Bearing
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Navigation
ADS-B Out
ADS-B
Participating
Aircraft
ADS-R
AGL
AIRMET
ARTCC
ASOS
ATC
ATIS
AWOS
Air Defense Identification Zone
Automatic Dependant Surveillance -Broadcast
Ability to receive ADS-B information from other aircraft and
Ground Based Transceivers (GBTs)
Ability to transmit ADS-B data on 1090 ES or 978 MHz
An aircraft that has both ADS-B In and ADS-B Out
capabilities.
Overview
APPENDIX J: GLOSSARY
Index
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
Navigation
Overview
Appendix J
Crosstrack Error
The distance the aircraft is off a desired course in either
direction, left or right.
dBZ
deg
Desired Track
decibels ‘Z’ (radar return)
degree
The desired course between the active “from” and “to”
waypoints.
distance
The ‘great circle’ distance from the present position to a
destination waypoint.
Distance Measuring Equipment
Desired Track
DIS
Distance
DME
DTK
Enroute Safe
Altitude
The recommended minimum altitude within ten miles left or
right of the desired course on an active flight plan or directto.
ESA
Enroute Safe Altitude
Estimated Time of The estimated time at which the aircraft should reach the
Arrival
destination waypoint, based upon current speed and track.
Estimated Time
The estimated time it takes to reach the destination waypoint
Enroute
from the present position, based upon current ground speed.
ETA
Estimated Time of Arrival
ETE
Estimated Time Enroute
ºF
FAA
FAF
FCC
FIS-B
fpm
214
degrees Fahrenheit
Federal Aviation Administration
Final Approach Fix
Federal Communication Commission
Flight Information Service-Broadcast
feet per minute
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Appendix J
Flight Service Station
foot/feet
gal
Glide Ratio, G/R
gallon(s)
The estimated distance an aircraft will move forward for any
given amount of lost altitude.
gallons per hour
Global Positioning System
Grid Minimum Off-Route Altitude; one degree latitude by
one degree longitude in size and clears the highest elevation
reference point in the grid by 1000 feet for all areas of the
grid
Provides ADS-R, TIS-B and FIS-B broadcasts to ADS-B
participating aircraft.
The velocity that the aircraft is travelling relative to a ground
position.
see Track
Ground speed
Initial Approach Fix
Indicated Air Temperature
International Civil Aviation Organization
Instrument Flight Rules
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Garmin aera 660 Pilot’s Guide
Index
IAF
IAT
ICAO
IFR
Appendices
Hg
hPa
hr
HSI
Hz
The direction an aircraft is pointed, based upon indications
from a magnetic compass or a properly set directional gyro.
mercury
hectopascal
hour
Horizontal Situation Indicator
Hertz
Additional Features
Heading
Hazard Avoidance
Ground Track
GS
Flight Planning
Ground-Based
Transceiver
Groundspeed
Navigation
gph
GPS
Grid MORA
Overview
FSS
ft
215
Index
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
Navigation
Overview
Appendix J
ILS
IMC
in
Indicated
in HG
Instrument Landing System
Instrument Meteorological Conditions
inch
Information provided by properly calibrated and set
instrumentation on the aircraft panel.
inches of mercury
kg
kHz
km
kt
kilogram
kilohertz
kilometer
knot
LAT
lb
Leg
LOC
LON
latitude
pound
The portion of a flight plan between two waypoints.
localizer
longitude
m
MAP
METAR
MHz
Minimum Safe
Altitude
MOA
MSA
MSL
meter
Missed Approach Point
Meteorological Aviation Routine
megahertz
Uses Grid MORAs to determine a safe altitude within ten
miles of the aircraft present position.
Military Operations Area
Minimum Safe Altitude
Mean Sea Level
NAVAID
NDB
NAVigation AID
Non-directional Beacon
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Appendix J
Next Generation Radar
nautical mile(s)
OAT
OBS
Outside Air Temperature
Omni Bearing Selector
psi
pounds per square inch
QTY
quantity
rpm
revolutions per minute
SBAS
SD
sec
SIGMET
Satellite-Based Augmentation System
Secure Digital
second(s)
Significant Meteorological Information
TA
TACAN
TAF
TAS
TCAS
TFR
TIS-A
TIS-B
Track
Traffic Advisory
Tactical Air Navigation System
Terminal Aerodrome Forecast
True Airspeed
Traffic Collision Avoidance System
Temporary Flight Restriction
Traffic Information Service
Traffic Information Service-Broadcast
Direction of aircraft movement relative to a ground position;
also ‘Ground Track’
Terminal Radar Service Area
Hazard Avoidance
Appendices
Index
217
Additional Features
Garmin aera 660 Pilot’s Guide
Flight Planning
190-02017-20 Rev. E
Navigation
TRSA
Overview
NEXRAD
nm
UTC
Coordinated Universal Time
VFR
VHF
VNAV
VOR
VORTAC
VSI
VSR
VTF
Visual Flight Rules
Very High Frequency
vertical navigation
VHF Omni-directional Range
very high frequency omnidirectional range station and
tactical air navigation
Vertical Speed Indicator
Vertical Speed Required
vector to final
WAAS
WX
Wide Area Augmentation System
weather
Index
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
Navigation
Overview
Appendix J
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Appendix K
Overview
APPENDIX K: WARRANTY AND COMPLIANCE
CONTACT GARMIN
If you have any questions while using your aera 660 go to www.flygarmin.com.
Garmin aera 660 Pilot’s Guide
219
Index
190-02017-20 Rev. E
Appendices
Garmin retains the exclusive right to repair or replace (with a new or newly-overhauled replacement product) the
product or software or offer a full refund of the purchase price at its sole discretion. SUCH REMEDY SHALL BE
YOUR SOLE AND EXCLUSIVE REMEDY FOR ANY BREACH OF WARRANTY.
Additional Features
IN NO EVENT SHALL GARMIN BE LIABLE FOR ANY INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, INDIRECT OR CONSEQUENTIAL
DAMAGES, WHETHER RESULTING FROM THE USE, MISUSE OR INABILITY TO USE THE PRODUCT OR FROM
DEFECTS IN THE PRODUCT. SOME STATES DO NOT ALLOW THE EXCLUSION OF INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL
DAMAGES, SO THE ABOVE LIMITATIONS MAY NOT APPLY TO YOU.
Hazard Avoidance
TO THE MAXIMUM EXTENT PERMITTED BY APPLICABLE LAW, THE WARRANTIES AND REMEDIES CONTAINED
IN THIS LIMITED WARRANTY ARE EXCLUSIVE AND IN LIEU OF, AND GARMIN EXPRESSLY DISCLAIMS, ALL OTHER
WARRANTIES AND REMEDIES, WHETHER EXPRESS, IMPLIED, STATUTORY, OR OTHERWISE, INCLUDING WITHOUT
LIMITATION ANY IMPLIED WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE,
STATUTORY REMEDY OR OTHERWISE. THIS LIMITED WARRANTY GIVES YOU SPECIFIC LEGAL RIGHTS, AND YOU
MAY HAVE OTHER LEGAL RIGHTS WHICH VARY FROM STATE TO STATE. IF IMPLIED WARRANTIES CANNOT
BE DISCLAIMED, THEN SUCH WARRANTIES ARE LIMITED IN DURATION TO THE DURATION OF THIS LIMITED
WARRANTY. SOME STATES DO NOT ALLOW LIMITATIONS ON HOW LONG AN IMPLIED WARRANTY LASTS, SO
THE ABOVE LIMITATION MAY NOT APPLY TO YOU.
Flight Planning
This Limited Warranty also does not apply to, and Garmin is not responsible for, any degradation in the
performance of any Garmin navigation product resulting from its use in proximity to any handset or other device
that utilizes a terrestrial broadband network operating on frequencies that are close to the frequencies used by
any Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) such as the Global Positioning Service (GPS). Use of such devices
may impair reception of GNSS signals.
Navigation
AVIATION LIMITED WARRANTY
All Garmin avionics products are warranted to be free from defects in materials or workmanship for the earlier
of: 2 years or 800 flight hours from the date of purchase for new TSO remote-mount and TSO panel-mount
products; 1 year or 400 flight hours from the date of purchase for new Non-TSO remote-mount* and Non-TSO
panel-mount*, portable products and any purchased newly-overhauled products; 6 months or 200 flight hours
for factory repaired or newly-overhauled products exchanged through a Garmin Authorized Service Center.
Within the applicable period, Garmin will, at its sole option, repair or replace any components that fail in normal
use. Such repairs or replacement will be made at no charge to the customer for parts or labor, provided that the
customer shall be responsible for any transportation cost. This Limited Warranty does not apply to: (i) cosmetic
damage, such as scratches, nicks and dents; (ii) consumable parts, such as batteries, unless product damage has
occurred due to a defect in materials or workmanship; (iii) damage caused by accident, abuse, misuse, water,
flood, fire, or other acts of nature or external causes; (iv) damage caused by service performed by anyone who
is not an authorized service provider of Garmin; or (v) damage to a product that has been modified or altered
without the written permission of Garmin. In addition, Garmin reserves the right to refuse warranty claims
against products or services that are obtained and/or used in contravention of the laws of any country.
Online auction purchases: Products purchased through online auctions are not eligible for warranty coverage.
Online auction confirmations are not accepted for warranty verification. To obtain warranty service, an original or
copy of the sales receipt from the original retailer is required. Garmin will not replace missing components from
any package purchased through an online auction.
International purchases: A separate warranty may be provided by international distributors for devices purchased
outside the U.S., depending on the country. If applicable, this warranty is provided by the local in-country
distributor and this distributor provides local service for your device. Distributor warranties are only valid in the
area of intended distribution. Devices purchased in the U.S. or Canada must be returned to the Garmin service
center in the U.K., the U.S., Canada or Taiwan for service.
AOPA AIRPORT DIRECTORY NOTICE
AOPA MEMBERSHIP PUBLICATIONS, INC. AND ITS RELATED ORGANIZATIONS (HEREINAFTER COLLECTIVELY
“AOPA”) EXPRESSLY DISCLAIM ALL WARRANTIES, WITH RESPECT TO THE AOPA INFORMATION INCLUDED
IN THIS DATA, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. THE INFORMATION IS PROVIDED “AS IS”
AND AOPA DOES NOT WARRANT OR MAKE ANY REPRESENTATIONS REGARDING ITS ACCURACY, RELIABILITY,
OR OTHERWISE. UNDER NO CIRCUMSTANCES INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE, SHALL AOPA BE LIABLE FOR ANY
INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES THAT RESULT FROM THE USE OR INABILITY TO USE
THE SOFTWARE OR RELATED DOCUMENTATION, EVEN IF AOPA OR AN AOPA AUTHORIZED REPRESENTATIVE
HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES. USER AGREES NOT TO SUE AOPA AND, TO THE
MAXIMUM EXTENT ALLOWED BY LAW, TO RELEASE AND HOLD HARMLESS AOPA FROM ANY CAUSES OF
ACTION, CLAIMS OR LOSSES RELATED TO ANY ACTUAL OR ALLEGED INACCURACIES IN THE INFORMATION
ARISING OUT OF GARMIN’S USE OF THE INFORMATION IN THE DATASETS. SOME JURISDICTIONS DO NOT
ALLOW THE LIMITATION OR EXCLUSION OF IMPLIED WARRANTIES OR LIABILITY FOR INCIDENTAL OR
CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES SO THE ABOVE LIMITATIONS OR EXCLUSIONS MAY NOT APPLY TO YOU.
AC-U-KWIK LICENSE AGREEMENT
AC-U-KWIK AND ITS RELATED ORGANIZATIONS (HEREINAFTER COLLECTIVELY “AC-U-KWIK ORGANIZATIONS”)
EXPRESSLY DISCLAIM ALL WARRANTIES WITH RESPECT TO THE AC-U-KWIK INFORMATION INCLUDED IN THIS DATA,
EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND
FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. THE INFORMATION IS PROVIDED “AS IS” AND AC-U-KWIK ORGANIZATIONS
DO NOT WARRANT OR MAKE ANY REPRESENTATIONS REGARDING ITS ACCURACY, RELIABILITY, OR OTHERWISE.
LICENSEE AGREES NOT TO SUE AC-U-KWIK ORGANIZATIONS AND, TO THE MAXIMUM EXTENT ALLOWED BY LAW, TO
RELEASE AND HOLD HARMLESS AC-U-KWIK ORGANIZATIONS FROM ANY CAUSES OF ACTION, CLAIMS OR LOSSES
RELATED TO ANY ACTUAL OR ALLEGED INACCURACIES IN THE INFORMATION ARISING OUT OF GARMIN’S USE OF
THE INFORMATION IN THE DATASETS. SOME JURISDICTIONS DO NOT ALLOW THE LIMITATION OR EXCLUSION OF
IMPLIED WARRANTIES OR LIABILITY FOR INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES SO THE ABOVE LIMITATIONS
OR EXCLUSIONS MAY NOT APPLY TO LICENSEE.
Index
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
Navigation
Overview
Appendix K
220
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Appendix K
Flight Planning
• Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
• Increase the separation between the equipment and the receiver.
• Connect the equipment into an outlet that is on a different circuit from the GPS unit.
• Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
This product does not contain any user-serviceable parts. Repairs should only be made by an authorized Garmin
service center. Unauthorized repairs or modifications could result in permanent damage to the equipment, and
void your warranty and your authority to operate this device under Part 15 regulations.
Navigation
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device, pursuant to
part 15 of the FCC rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference
in a residential installation. This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and may
cause harmful interference to radio communications if not installed and used in accordance with the instructions.
However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does
cause harmful interference to radio or television reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off
and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one of the following measures:
Overview
FCC COMPLIANCE
This device complies with part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following two conditions: (1) this
device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference received, including
interference that may cause undesired operation.
Hazard Avoidance
INDUSTRY CANADA COMPLIANCE
Category I radio communication devices comply with Industry Canada Standard RSS-210.
RADIATION EXPOSURE STATEMENT
This transmitter must not be co-located or operating in conjunction with any other antenna or transmitter.
The antennas used for this transmitter must be installed to provide a separation distance of at least 20 cm from
all persons and must not be co-located or operating in conjunction with any other antenna or transmitter.
Additional Features
This equipment complies with FCC RF and IC RSS-102 radiation exposure limits set forth for an uncontrolled
environment. This equipment should be installed and operated with a minimum distance of 20 centimeters
between the radiator and your body.
Appendices
Index
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Index
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
Navigation
Overview
Appendix K
Blank Page
222
Garmin aera 660 Pilot’s Guide
190-02017-20 Rev. E
Index
Calibrated Airspeed 199
Category 145
CDI Scale 46
Channel List 145
Charge Mode 3
Charging, the battery 3
Cities 66
Cloud Tops 92
Compass Arc 42
Computer, connecting to 157
Connecting, cables 175
Copying, Flight Plans 82
Course, setting 46
Current Icing Product (CIP) 100
Appendices
E
Echo Tops 92
external GPS Antenna 185
Garmin aera 660 Pilot’s Guide
Index
190-02017-20 Rev. E
Databases 157
Data Entry 16
Alphanumeric Data 16
Predetermined Data Option 17
Data Field
Options 41
Data Field Options 149
Data Fields 40
Declutter 24
Direct-to 70
Cancelling 72
Display
Backlight Intensity 26
Backlight Timeout 26
Additional Features
Backlight 26
Baro Pressure 199
Battery
Charging 3
Information 187
Installation 2
Life 187
Replacement 187
BKSP 16
Bluetooth 29, 30, 31, 163, 185
Bug Indicator 46
D
Hazard Avoidance
B
Flight Planning
Abnormal Operation 155
Acquiring Satellites 5
AC-U-KWIK 140, 141, 161
Additional Features 139
ADS-B 136
Aircraft Profile 201
AIRMETs 97, 110
Airspace 67
Alert Messages 68
Smart 69
Airways 52
Alerts 149
Terrain 122
AOPA 140, 141, 161
AOPA Data 43, 140
Approach
Selecting 84
ARTCC 67
Aural Alerts 124, 153
Autolocate 4
Autozoom 20
Navigation
C
Overview
A
Index-1
Index
Appendices
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
Navigation
Overview
Index
F
L
Favorites 146
Files, managing 158
Flight Log 195
Flight Plan
Activation 80
Active 75
Copying 82
Creation 74
Data Fields 73
Deleting 82
Fuel Flow 81
Inverting 83
Forecast 101
Freezing Levels 99
FSS 67
Fuel Flow 81
Fuse, changing 187
Location Formats 211
Loss of GPS Position 155
Lost Satellite Reception 5
G
GDL 39 29, 102
GPS Navigation 39
GPS Receiver Status 4
H
Hazard Display 155
Heading Line 198, 199
I
Icing Forecast 100, 114
Indicated Altitude 199
Interfacing 185
Intersections 60
Inverting, flight plans 83
Index-2
M
Managing Files 158
Map
Autozoom 20
Declutter 24
Display Setup 50
Orientation 51
Overlays 24
Panning 21
Range 19, 20
Symbols 24, 205
Map Datum 211
Map Feature
Button 21
Information 22
Messages 149
METARs 95, 109, 117
MicroSD Card 159
Installing 159, 162, 167
Mounting, in aircraft 173
N
NDBs 61
Nearest 11, 56
Airport Criteria 57
Nearest Airport Criteria 34
Entering 34
Nearest Type, Changing 35
NEXRAD 91, 106, 117
NMEA 181
Garmin aera 660 Pilot’s Guide
190-02017-20 Rev. E
Index
Numeric Data Options 151
R
Red X 155
Runways 54
USB Drivers 179
User Waypoints 62
Creating 63
Deleting 65
Utilities 195
V
Vectors-to-Final 86
Garmin aera 660 Pilot’s Guide
Index
190-02017-20 Rev. E
U
Appendices
SafeTaxi 139
Satellite Information 6
Scrolling 7
SD Card 157
Searching the Sky 4
Settings 25
SIGMETs 97, 111
Smart Airspace 69
Sound
Adjusting 27
Muting 28
Storm Cells 95
Additional Features
S
Hazard Avoidance
Panning 7
PIREPs 98, 112
POWER Button 4
Present Position 35, 36
Proximity Waypoints 203
TAFs 95, 109, 117
Temperatures Aloft 94, 108
Terrain 119
Alerts 122
Audio 124
Aural Alerts 124
Views 121
Tools 13
Touchscreen 7
Touchscreen, cleaning 188
Track Log 196
Traffic Data 127
Traffic Ground Track 126
Traffic Information Service (TIS)
Configuring 182, 183
Traffic Information Service (TIS-A)
Alerts 126
traffic warning window 133
Transferring Files 158
Turbulence Forecast 100, 113
Flight Planning
P
T
Navigation
Obstacle
Color Code 121
Obstacles 120
Option Menu 15, 18
Orientation, map 51
Overlays
Displaying/removing 24
Overview
O
Surface Pressure 101
System Settings
Display 25, 28, 29
Index-3
Overview
Index
Vertical Navigation (VNAV) 47
Profile 49
VHF Comm Radio 177
VORs 61
Additional Features
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Planning
Navigation
W
Warranty 219
Waypoints 53
Proximity 203
User 62
Weather 58
Weather Products 90
Weight & Balance 202
WiFi Setup 31
Winds Aloft 93, 107, 108
X
XM
Activating 89
Animating 88
Radio 143
Radio ID 89
Weather Products 90
Y
Yoke Mount 174
Zooming 8
Index
Appendices
Z
Index-4
Garmin aera 660 Pilot’s Guide
190-02017-20 Rev. E
Garmin International, Inc.
1200 East 151st Street
Olathe, Kansas 66062, U.S.A.
Garmin AT, Inc.
2345 Turner Road SE
Salem, OR 97302, U.S.A.
Garmin (Europe) Ltd.
Liberty House, Hounsdown Business Park
Southampton, Hampshire SO40 9LR U.K.
Garmin Corporation
No. 68, Zhangshu 2nd Road
Xizhi District, New Taipei City, Taiwan
www.flygarmin.com
© 2016-2019 Garmin Ltd. or its subsidiaries
190-02017-20 Rev. E
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