Garmin | NavTalk Pilot | Installation manual | Garmin NavTalk Pilot Installation Manual (Cellular Antenna)

Garmin NavTalk Pilot Installation Manual (Cellular Antenna)
'8$/32/$5,=$7,21
$LU&HOOŒ$17(11$
,167$//$7,210$18$/

GARMIN International, Inc.
1200 E. 151st Street
Olathe, KS 66062 USA
190-00189-12, Revision A
May 2000
© Copyright 2000
GARMIN Corporation
All Rights Reserved
Except as expressly provided below, no part of this manual may be reproduced, copied, transmitted,
disseminated, downloaded or stored in any storage medium, for any purpose without the express prior
written consent of GARMIN Corporation. GARMIN Corporation hereby grants permission to download a
single copy of this manual and of any revision to this manual onto a hard drive or other electronic storage
medium to be viewed and to print one copy of this manual or of any revision hereto, provided that such
electronic or printed copy of this manual or revision must contain the complete text of this copyright notice
and provided further that any unauthorized commercial distribution of this manual or any revision hereto is
strictly prohibited.
AirCell™ is a trademark of AirCell, Inc.
GARMIN International, Inc.
st
1200 E. 151 Street
Olathe, KS 66062 USA
Telephone: 913-397-8200
Dealer Line: 1-800-800-1420
Web Site Address: www.garmin.com
RECORD OF REVISIONS
Revision
A
Revision
Date
5/8/00
Description
Initial Release
DUAL-POLARIZATION AirCell™ ANTENNA INSTALLATION MANUAL
P/N 190-00189-12
ECO #
--
Page A
Rev. A
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1. GENERAL DESCRIPTION
1.1 INTRODUCTION............................................................................................................................................... 1
1.2 EQUIPMENT DESCRIPTION ........................................................................................................................... 1
1.3 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS ...................................................................................................................... 1
1.4 LICENSE REQUIREMENTS ............................................................................................................................. 1
1.5 CERTIFICATION............................................................................................................................................... 1
1.6 LIMITED WARRANTY..................................................................................................................................... 1
2. INSTALLATION
2.1 INTRODUCTION............................................................................................................................................... 2
2.2 ANTENNA PLACEMENT CONSIDERATIONS.............................................................................................. 2
2.3 CABLING AND WIRING.................................................................................................................................. 2
3. INSTALLATION PROCEDURE
3.1 UNIT AND ACCESSORIES .............................................................................................................................. 4
3.2 MISCELLANEOUS OPTIONS .......................................................................................................................... 4
3.3 INSTALLATION ACCESSORIES REQUIRED BUT NOT PROVIDED......................................................... 4
3.4 ANTENNA INSTALLATION ............................................................................................................................ 4
3.5 CABLE INSTALLATION .................................................................................................................................. 5
3.6 OUTLINE DRAWINGS ..................................................................................................................................... 6
Appendix A. CERTIFICATION DOCUMENTS ........................................................................................... 7
LIST OF FIGURES
FIGURE 1.
FIGURE 2.
FIGURE 3.
FIGURE 4.
CELLULAR ANTENNA INSTALLATION CONSIDERATIONS..................................................... 2
COAXIAL CABLE INSTALLATION .......................................................................................... ....... 5
DUAL-POLARIZATION AIRCELL ANTENNA OUTLINE DRAWING ......................................... 6
ANTENNA DOUBLER PLATE OUTLINE DRAWING .................................................................... 6
DUAL-POLARIZATION AirCell™ ANTENNA INSTALLATION MANUAL
P/N 190-00189-12
Page i
Rev. A
1. GENERAL DESCRIPTION
1.1. INTRODUCTION
This manual describes the physical, mechanical, and electrical characteristics and the installation
requirements for the Dual-polarization AirCell™ Antenna as part of the GARMIN NavTalk Pilot Aircraft
Provisions. After installation of the Antenna, FAA Form 337 must be completed by an appropriately
certificated agency to return the aircraft to service.
1.2. EQUIPMENT DESCRIPTION
The Dual-polarization AirCell Antenna permits the in-flight use of a GARMIN NavTalk Pilot AirCell
compatible cellular telephone.
1.3. TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
Height
Weight
Environmental Testing
6.40”
1.0 lbs.
RTCA DO-160D.
For more details see Environmental Qualification Forms
1.4. LICENSE REQUIREMENTS
None.
1.5. CERTIFICATION
The Dual-polarization AirCell Antenna initial certification was accomplished via STC by GARMIN in a
Mooney M20J.
1.6. LIMITED WARRANTY
GARMIN Corporation warrants this product to be free from defects in materials and manufacture for one
year from the date of purchase. GARMIN will, at its sole option, repair or replace any components that fail
in normal use. Such repairs or replacement will be made at no charge to the customer for parts or labor.
The customer is, however, responsible for any transportation costs. This warranty does not cover failures
due to abuse, misuse, accident or unauthorized alteration or repairs.
THE WARRANTIES AND REMEDIES CONTAINED HEREIN ARE EXCLUSIVE AND IN LIEU OF
ALL OTHER WARRANTIES EXPRESS OR IMPLIED OR STATUTORY, INCLUDING ANY
LIABILITY ARISING UNDER ANY WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A
PARTICULAR PURPOSE, STATUTORY OR OTHERWISE. THIS WARRANTY GIVES YOU
SPECIFIC LEGAL RIGHTS, WHICH MAY VARY FROM STATE TO STATE.
IN NO EVENT SHALL GARMIN BE LIABLE FOR ANY INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, INDIRECT OR
CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, WHETHER RESULTING FROM THE USE, MISUSE, OR
INABILITY TO USE THIS PRODUCT OR FROM DEFECTS IN THE PRODUCT. SOME STATES DO
NOT ALLOW THE EXCLUSION OF INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, SO THE
ABOVE LIMITATIONS MAY NOT APPLY TO YOU.
To obtain warranty service, call the GARMIN Customer Service department (913-397-8200) for a returned
merchandise tracking number. The unit should be securely packaged with the tracking number clearly
marked on the outside of the package and sent freight prepaid and insured to a GARMIN warranty service
station. A copy of the original sales receipt is required as the proof of purchase for warranty repairs.
GARMIN retains the exclusive right to repair or replace the unit or software or offer a full refund of the
purchase price at its sole discretion. SUCH REMEDY SHALL BE YOUR SOLE AND EXCLUSIVE
REMEDY FOR ANY BREACH OF WARRANTY.
DUAL-POLARIZATION AirCell™ ANTENNA INSTALLATION MANUAL
P/N 190-00189-12
Page 1
Rev. A
2. INSTALLATION
2.1. INTRODUCTION
Careful planning and consideration of the suggestions in this section are required to achieve the desired
performance and reliability from the installed equipment. Any deviations from the installation instructions
prescribed in this document shall be accomplished in accordance with the requirements set forth in FAA
AC 43.13-2A.
2.2. ANTENNA PLACEMENT CONSIDERATIONS
The AirCell antenna (CI 5000-1) is designed for belly mounting, but must be mounted at a point on the
fuselage that allows a clear view to the horizon in all directions. This antenna should be located on the
forward portion of the fuselage, rather than the rear, as the cell-to-cell handoffs are more effective when
done forward of the aircraft rather than aft. If the antenna is mounted under the wings, the reception is then
reduced or obstructed as the aircraft banks. In this case, it would be better to mount the antenna aft of the
wing if there were no space forward of the wing. However, NEVER mount the antenna on the upslope of
the tail. The fuselage will block almost all forward reception. Care should be taken to assure that the
engine nacelles hanging down from the wings do not block the view to the sides. Blade antennas should be
mounted on the centerline of the aircraft to minimize performance differences from side to side. It is also
important that the antenna mounting surface be maintained within 5 degrees of horizontal, since the
antenna is designed for horizontal polarization and performs best when mounted on a horizontal surface.
NO!
Best
OK
Better
FIGURE 1. Cellular Antenna Installation Considerations
An AirCell Antenna should not be located in the vicinity of other antennas on the bottom of the aircraft. In
particular, other antennas should be kept at least 18” and preferably 36” fore and aft of the AirCell antenna,
and none should be mounted to the sides of the AirCell antenna. Of particular concern are horizontal wire
elements such as older style ADF antennas or “bent wire” comm antennas and long wire ADF sense
antennas still seen on older aircraft. Even though visually they do not seem to block the AirCell antenna,
they will still significantly disturb its performance.
2.3. CABLING AND WIRING
Check that there is ample space for the cabling and mating connectors. Avoid sharp bends in cabling,
particularly the antenna cables, and routing near aircraft control cables. Cabling should not be routed near
components or cabling which are sources of electrical noise. Do not route the antenna cables near any ADF
antenna cables.
The FCC has imposed strict requirements on the performance of the NavTalk Pilot System to prevent
interference with ground cellular networks. To maximize the range of the system, prevent interference with
ground cellular, and maintain the best reception, AirCell requires that finished coaxial cable assemblies are
tested for loss and VSWR.
The total cable loss from the antenna to the cradle cable must be less than 1.5dB at 900 MHz and no more
than 1.4:1 VSWR. Very long cables with loss higher than this amount may affect the airborne phone
system performance under maximum range conditions. For installations requiring airborne phone coaxial
cable lengths greater than 40 feet, consult AirCell Customer Service at 1-888-286-9876.
DUAL-POLARIZATION AirCell™ ANTENNA INSTALLATION MANUAL
P/N 190-00189-12
Page 2
Rev. A
The three recommended coaxial cable vendors are PIC, ECS, and EMTEQ.
How to Determine Cable Part Numbers
1. Select a location for the NavTalk Pilot transceiver. From this location, determine the desired
connection location to the cradle cable.
2. Determine the location for the antenna. The antenna should be installed on the bottom of the aircraft
on a level location, not on an upslope. Mounting the antenna on the tail slope will cause antenna
shadowing at certain attitudes and degrade system performance. See antenna installation guidelines for
further information.
3. Determine the length of the coaxial cable needed. The length should include distance needed for
service loops, and should include the connectors.
4. Look up the total coaxial cable length required in the table below. Part numbers for coaxial cable are
listed from PIC Wire and Cable, ECS and EMTEQ.
5. Call your preferred cable vendor and give them the length of cable, the cable type and which type of
connector that you wish (straight or 90°).
CAUTION
The Cellular Antenna cable must be tested (total cable loss no more than 1.5dB@900 MHz and VSWR less
than 1.4:1) as an assembled unit. Remind the vendor that this must be done to assure optimal system
performance. Retain certificate for performance verification.
CI 5000-1 AIR ANTENNA CABLE AND CONNECTORS
Cradle Cable
Cable
Connector
TNC Male
RF Coax
0-20 ft
ECS
CTS922
311501
EMTEQ
TMS240-1
PFLX240-501
PIC
190308
S33141
21-40 ft
ECS
CTS022
310801
EMTEQ
TMS500-1
PFLX500-500
PIC
190408
S22089
Antenna
TNC Male
CTS922
TMS240-1
190308
CTS022
TMS500-1
190408
TNC Male 90º
CTR922
TMR240-1
190309
CTR022
TMR500-1
190409
NOTE
For total coaxial cable length longer than 40 ft, Consult AirCell Customer Service at 1-888-286-9876
IMPORTANT
Overall loss from antenna to cradle cable input not to exceed 1.5 dB and VSWR less than 1.4:1.
DUAL-POLARIZATION AirCell™ ANTENNA INSTALLATION MANUAL
P/N 190-00189-12
Page 3
Rev. A
3. INSTALLATION PROCEDURE
3.1. UNIT AND ACCESSORIES
The Dual-polarization AirCell Antenna is available under the following part number:
ITEM
AirCell Antenna, Dual Polarization,
includes:
GARMIN P/N
010-10278-00
Cellular Antenna, Dual Polarization
(700-00013-00)
AirCell Antenna Installation Kit
(013-00059-00)
3.2. MISCELLANEOUS OPTIONS
None.
3.3. INSTALLATION ACCESSORIES REQUIRED BUT NOT PROVIDED
None.
3.4. ANTENNA INSTALLATION
Proper design for the installation of the antenna is critical for the system performance and meeting FAA
regulations, especially on pressurized aircraft. Antenna installation requires proper FAA approval and must
meet the requirements of FAA FAR 23.571 or FAR 25.571.
NOTE
Rule changes over recent years require that penetration in pressurized aircraft be analyzed. FAA AC
43.13-1B does not properly address the new rules for the installation of antennas in pressurized aircraft. An
analysis is required to determine that the installation will not cause cracks and structural damage due to
loads placed on antennas. This analysis is usually performed by a DER and documented on FAA Form
8110-3 and included as approved data on FAA Form 337.
NOTE
It is desirable to have at least 18” and preferably 36” of separation from other antennas. Please call AirCell
Customer Service/Technical Support to discuss installs with less separation.
When using the Low Profile Antenna (CI 5000-1), the antenna must be mounted on the bottom of the
aircraft on the lowest possible portion of the airframe in level flight. Best performance will result if the
antenna is located forward or aft of the wing area. If possible, do not position the antenna under the wing
and NEVER on the tail upsweep (see Figure 1 for more complete information on antenna placement).
NOTE
All antenna installations must comply with the applicable FARs.
IMPORTANT
The base of antennas must be metal to metal bonded with the aircraft skin. For the CI 5000-1 Antenna, no
ground is provided via the mounting screws as the base plate screw holes do not have metal sleeves. Be
sure to remove paint on aircraft skin, pre-treat, and treat with Alodine or equivalent conductive corrosion
inhibiting treatment.
CAUTION
Do not use construction grade RTV sealant or sealants containing acetic acid. These sealants may damage
the electrical connections to the antenna. Use of these type sealants may void the antenna warranty.
DUAL-POLARIZATION AirCell™ ANTENNA INSTALLATION MANUAL
P/N 190-00189-12
Page 4
Rev. A
The outline and footprint dimensions for the antenna and doubler plate are shown in Figures 3 and 4,
respectively, on page 6.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Using the doubler plate as a template, mark the location of the mounting holes and the through
hole for coaxial cable. Drill or punch the holes.
Use the doubler plate (part of 013-00059-00 kit) as required for thin-skinned aircraft.
The antenna installation must provide adequate support for the antenna. Observe guidelines for
acceptable installation practices as outlined in AC 43.13-2A.
Fasten antenna to aircraft with six (6) #8-32 screws, lockwashers, and locknuts (parts of
013-00059-00 kit)
The “N Type” ground connector on the Low Profile Antenna is not used and should be capped
with the plastic cover supplied with the antenna.
3.5. CABLE INSTALLATION
1.
Route the coaxial cable to the NavTalk Pilot Adapter mounting location keeping in mind the
recommendations of Section 2. Secure the cable in accordance with good aviation practice.
2.
Trim the coaxial cable to the desired length and install the TNC connector per the cabling
instructions on Figure 2. If the connector is provided by the installer, follow the connector
manufacturer’s instructions for cable preparation.
Figure 2. Coaxial Cable Installation
DUAL-POLARIZATION AirCell™ ANTENNA INSTALLATION MANUAL
P/N 190-00189-12
Page 5
Rev. A
3.6. OUTLINE DRAWINGS
Figure 3. Dual-polarization AirCell Antenna Outline Drawing
Figure 4. Antenna Doubler Plate Outline Drawing
DUAL-POLARIZATION AirCell™ ANTENNA INSTALLATION MANUAL
P/N 190-00189-12
Page 6
Rev. A
APPENDIX A. CERTIFICATION DOCUMENTS
A.1. CONTINUED AIRWORTHINESS
Maintenance of the Dual-polarization AirCell Antenna is “on condition” only. Periodic maintenance of the
antenna is not required.
DUAL-POLARIZATION AirCell™ ANTENNA INSTALLATION MANUAL
P/N 190-00189-12
Page 7
Rev. A
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertising