Garmin | GDL® 82 | Garmin GDL® 82 GDL 82 Mooney M20(x) Series STC Installation Manual

Garmin GDL® 82 GDL 82 Mooney M20(x) Series STC Installation Manual
GDL 82
Mooney M20( ) Series
STC Installation Manual
190-01810-10
December 2017
Revision 1
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GDL 82 Mooney M20( ) Series STC Installation Manual
Page i
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RECORD OF REVISIONS
Revision
1
Revision Date
Description
12-12-2017
Initial Release
GDL 82 Mooney M20( ) Series STC Installation Manual
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Rev. 1
INFORMATION SUBJECT TO EXPORT CONTROL LAWS
This document may contain information which is subject to the Export Administration Regulations
(“EAR”) issued by the United States Department of Commerce (15 CFR, Chapter VII, Subchapter C)
and which may not be exported, released, or disclosed to foreign nationals inside or outside of the United
States without first obtaining an export license. A violation of the EAR may be subject to a penalty of
up to 10 years imprisonment and a fine of up to $1,000,000 under Section 2410 of the Export
Administration Act of 1979. Include this notice with any reproduced portion of this document.
DEFINITIONS OF WARNINGS, CAUTIONS, AND NOTES
WARNING
Warnings indicates that personal injury or death is possible if the
instructions are not obeyed.
CAUTION
Cautions are used to alert that damage to equipment may result if the
procedural step is not followed.
NOTE
Notes provide further information about preceding steps and/or reasons for
the particular operation.
WARNING
This product, its packaging, and its components contain chemicals known to the State of
California to cause cancer, birth defects, or reproductive harm. This notice is being provided in
accordance with California's Proposition 65. If you have any questions or would like additional
information, please refer to our web site at www.garmin.com/prop65.
NOTE
All screen shots used in this document are current at the time of publication. Screen shots are
intended to provide visual reference only. All information depicted in screen shots, including
software file names, versions, and part numbers, is subject to change and may not be up to date.
GDL 82 Mooney M20( ) Series STC Installation Manual
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TABLE OF CONTENTS
Section
Page
1 DESCRIPTION ....................................................................................................................................... 1
1.1 References ........................................................................................................................................ 2
1.2 System Overview ............................................................................................................................. 3
1.3 Technical Specifications .................................................................................................................. 4
2 LIMITATIONS........................................................................................................................................ 6
2.1 Installation Limitations .................................................................................................................... 6
2.2 Operational Limitations .................................................................................................................... 6
3 OVERVIEW ............................................................................................................................................ 7
3.1 Garmin Supplied Materials .............................................................................................................. 9
3.2 Test Equipment ................................................................................................................................ 9
3.3 Pre-Installation: Existing Transponder System Check .................................................................. 10
3.4 Antennas ........................................................................................................................................ 12
3.5 Electrical Load Analysis ................................................................................................................ 16
4 INSTALLATION .................................................................................................................................. 22
4.1 GDL 82 Unit Installation ............................................................................................................... 23
4.2 Circuit Protection ........................................................................................................................... 26
4.3 ADS-B Out Fail Annunciator and Anonymous Mode Switch ....................................................... 27
4.4 Electrical ........................................................................................................................................ 29
5 SYSTEM CONFIGURATION AND CHECKOUT ............................................................................. 36
5.1 Mounting, Wiring and Power Checks ............................................................................................ 36
5.2 GDL 82 Configuration ................................................................................................................... 36
5.3 Ground Checks (Configuration Mode) .......................................................................................... 40
5.4 Ground Checks (Normal Mode) .................................................................................................... 43
6 RETURN TO SERVICE ....................................................................................................................... 47
6.1 Instructions for Continued Airworthiness (ICA) ........................................................................... 47
6.2 Aircraft Weight and Balance ......................................................................................................... 47
6.3 Airplane Flight Manual Supplement (AFMS) ............................................................................... 49
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FIGURES
Figure
Page
Figure 1-1: GDL 82 System I/O Interfaces ...................................................................................... 4
Figure 1-2: GDL 82 Unit Dimensions and Center of Gravity ......................................................... 5
Figure 3-1: GDL 82 Installation Option 1 ....................................................................................... 7
Figure 3-2: GDL 82 Installation Option 2 ....................................................................................... 8
Figure 3-3: GDL 82 Installation Option 3 ....................................................................................... 8
Figure 3-4: Electrical Load Tabulated Form, Sheet 1 of 2 ............................................................ 19
Figure 3-5: Electrical Load Tabulated Form, Sheet 2 of 2 ............................................................ 20
Figure 3-6: Battery Capacity Analysis Example............................................................................ 21
Figure 4-1: GDL 82 Unit Installation, Option 1 Example ............................................................. 24
Figure 4-2: Bonding Strap Example .............................................................................................. 24
Figure 4-3: GDL 82 Unit Installation, Option 2 & 3 Example ...................................................... 25
Figure 4-4: GDL 82 Circuit Breaker Installation Example ............................................................ 26
Figure 4-5: ADS-B OUT Fail Annunciator Installation Example ................................................. 27
Figure 4-6: UAT Anonymous Mode Switch Installation Example ............................................... 28
Figure 4-7: GDL 82 Wiring Interconnect ...................................................................................... 31
Figure 4-8: Shield Termination ...................................................................................................... 32
Figure 4-9: Jackscrew Backshell Assembly................................................................................... 33
Figure 4-10: Option 1 Wire Harness Routing Example ................................................................. 34
Figure 4-11: Options 2 and 3 Wire Harness Routing Example ..................................................... 35
Figure 5-1: USB-A and USB-B Connectors ................................................................................. 37
Figure 5-2: Example EMC Source / Victim Matrix ...................................................................... 46
Figure 6-1: Option 1 Weight & Balance Example ......................................................................... 48
Figure 6-2: Option 2 & 3 Weight and Balance Example ............................................................... 48
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TABLES
Table
Page
Table 1-1: Approved Equipment...................................................................................................... 1
Table 1-2: Reference Documents ..................................................................................................... 2
Table 1-3: Power Requirements....................................................................................................... 4
Table 1-4: Physical Characteristics .................................................................................................. 4
Table 3-1: Materials for GDL 82 Installation .................................................................................. 9
Table 3-2: Pre-Installation Check Procedures................................................................................ 10
Table 3-3: Coaxial Cable Specifications ........................................................................................ 13
Table 3-4: Typical Cable Connector Loss ..................................................................................... 13
Table 3-5: L-Band Antennas .......................................................................................................... 14
Table 3-6: GPS Antennas............................................................................................................... 14
Table 3-7: GPS dB Loss Allowance .............................................................................................. 15
Table 4-1: Airframe Bonding Hardware ........................................................................................ 24
Table 4-2: Electrical Wiring Material List ..................................................................................... 29
Table 5-1: GDL 82 Configuration Settings.................................................................................... 38
Table 5-2: External GPS Source Configuration Settings ............................................................... 39
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1
DESCRIPTION
The GDL 82 is a remote mounted UAT transmitter designed for in-line installation between an existing
Mode A/C transponder and L-Band antenna. The GDL 82 installed in accordance with this manual meets
the operational requirement of equipping for ADS-B Out per 14 CFR §91.225 and §91.227 with guidance
from AC 20-165B.
This manual includes the description of the GDL 82 physical, mechanical and electrical characteristics,
and provides instructions for installation in Mooney M20( ) series aircraft only (TCDS 2A3). Conditions
and limitations of airworthiness approval are also detailed in this manual.
This STC and the data contained in this manual are the basis of airworthiness approval only for the installation of
equipment listed in Table 1-1, and the interfaces between the Garmin GDL 82 and equipment listed in this
manual.
Table 1-1: Approved Equipment
Model
Manufacturer
Unit Part Number
Catalog Part Number
GDL 82
GDL 82 w/ GPS
Garmin
Garmin
011-03946-00
011-03946-40
010-01560-01
010-01560-31
Some Mooney M20( ) aircraft may have been modified over the years to include systems which are not
approved for use with the GDL 82. The installer is responsible for making the final determination of
applicability of this STC for each aircraft, including limitations. No aircraft modifications should take
place before this determination is made.
A permission letter to use this STC data is available for download for each authorized GDL 82 installation
from Garmin’s Dealer Resource Center and flyGarmin.com.
The software version and information in this document are subject to change without notice. Visit
www.flyGarmin.com for current updates and supplemental information concerning the operation of this
and other Garmin products.
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1.1 References
Table 1-2: Reference Documents
Document Title
Document Number
FAA Advisory Circular, Acceptable Methods, Techniques, and Practices
– Aircraft Inspection and Repair
AC 43.13-1B
FAA Advisory Circular, Acceptable Methods, Techniques, and Practices
– Aircraft Alterations
AC 43.13-2B
Aerospace Systems Electrical Bonding and Grounding for
Electromagnetic Compatibility and Safety
SAE ARP1870
Standard Guide for Aircraft Electrical Load and Power Source Capacity Analysis
ASTM F2490-05
FAA Memorandum dated March 2, 2016, “Installation Approval for ADS-B OUT
Systems”
AFS-360_2016-03-02
GTN 625/635/650 TSO Installation Manual
190-01004-02
GTN 725/750 TSO Installation Manual
190-01007-02
GNS 400W Series Installation Manual
190-00356-08
GNS 500W Series Installation Manual
190-00357-08
GNS 480 (CNX80) Color GPS/NAV/COM Installation Manual
560-0982-01
Garmin GPS and XM® Antenna STC Installation Manual
190-01284-00
Instructions for Continued Airworthiness & Maintenance Manual,
GDL 82 Mooney M20() Series STC
190-01810-11
Master Drawing List GDL 82 Mooney M20( ) Series STC
005-01008-A1
AFMS for the Garmin GDL 82 Mooney M20 Series
190-01810-12
GDL 82 Pilot’s Quick Start Guide
190-01810-13
The following acronyms and abbreviations are used in this manual:
AC
ADS-B
AFM
AFMS
ALT
ATC
BL
CFR
CG
CL
DC
DME
ELA
Advisory Circular
Automatic Dependent Surveillance –
Broadcast
Airplane Flight Manual
Airplane Flight Manual Supplement
Altitude
Air Traffic Control
Butt-Line
Code of Federal Regulations
Center of Gravity
Center-Line
Direct Current
Distance Measuring Equipment
Electrical Load Analysis
GPS
Global Positioning System
GTN
Garmin Touch Navigator
ICA
ICAO
I/O
LRU
MM
PC
POH
PVT
SBAS
STC
SW
Instructions for Continued Airworthiness
International Civil Aviation Organization
Input/Output
Line Replaceable Unit
Maintenance Manual
Personal Computer
Pilot Operating Handbook
Position, Velocity & Time
Satellite-Based Augmentation System
Supplemental Type Certificate
Software
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ELT
EMC
EMI
ENT
EQF
Emergency Location Transmitter
Electro-Magnetic Checkout
Electro-Magnetic Interference
Enter
Environmental Qualification Form
TCDS
TSO
UAT
USB
VFR
FAA
Federal Aviation Administration
Vs0
FS
GDL
GNS
Fuselage Station
Garmin Datalink Transceiver
Garmin Navigator Series
VSWR
WAAS
XPDR
Type Certificate Data Sheet
Technical Standard Order
Universal Access Transceiver
Universal Serial Bus
Visual Flight Rules
Aircraft Stall Speed (in landing
configuration)
Voltage Standing Wave Ratio
Wide Area Augmentation System
Transponder
1.2 System Overview
The GDL 82 is a remote-mounted unit that contains 978 MHz and 1030 MHz transmitters, and a 1090
MHz receiver. It is installed in-line with the existing transponder and L-Band antenna. The GDL 82
transmits ownship ADS-B Out data via the UAT data link using the existing transponder’s L-Band
antenna. The GDL 82 utilizes the direct in-line connection to synchronize with the aircraft transponder via
1030 MHz interrogations to obtain the transponder Squawk (Mode 3/A) code, IDENT status and pressure
altitude.
ADS-B equipment requires GPS/SBAS data for ADS-B Out transmissions. Only the following
GPS/SBAS data sources (and their software versions) are approved by this STC to interface with the
GDL 82:
•
GTN 6XX/7XX series navigators with software version 6.41 (or later)
•
GNS 4XXW/5XXW series navigators with software version 5.30 (or later)
•
GNS 480 navigator with software version 2.4 (or later)
•
Existing approved GPS antenna installation (See Section 3.4.2)
The GDL 82 uses the following interfaces:
•
Aircraft Power and Ground
•
Transponder Coaxial Connection
•
L-Band Coaxial Connection
•
GPS Coaxial Connection – Used only for internal GPS source
•
1 RS-232 I/O – Used only for external GPS source
•
1 Discrete Output – Failure Annunciator (optional)
•
2 Discrete Inputs – Anonymous Mode Switch and Squat Switch (optional)
•
USB Interface – Configuring GDL 82 and Loading Software from PC
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The GDL 82 System Interface Diagram is shown in Figure 1-1.
GDL 82
Bottom L-Band Antenna
Coax
Transponder
Coax
GPS Antenna
Power/Ground
Coax
(GDL 82 with GPS only)
OPTIONAL
Failure
Annunciator
Discrete
OR
RS-232
Anonymous
Mode Switch
Discrete
Squat/WOW
Switch
GPS Time Mark
Discrete
USB
GPS Source
PC Config
Tool
Figure 1-1: GDL 82 System I/O Interfaces
1.3 Technical Specifications
The GDL 82 environmental qualification form (EQF) is available at Garmin’s Dealer Resource Center
and flyGarmin.com.
Table 1-3: Power Requirements
Unit
GDL 82
GDL 82 w/ GPS
Characteristic
Input Current, Typical
Input Current, Maximum
Input Current, Typical
Input Current, Maximum
Specification
14 VDC
28 VDC
0.35 A
0.2 A
0.4 A
0.25 A
0.45 A
0.25 A
0.5 A
0.3 A
Table 1-4: Physical Characteristics
Unit
Width
Height
Length
3.39 in
1.48 in
7.99 in
GDL 82
Weight of
Unit and
Connectors
0.99 lbs
GDL 82 w/GPS
1.22 lbs
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Figure 1-2: GDL 82 Unit Dimensions and Center of Gravity
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2
LIMITATIONS
2.1 Installation Limitations
This STC approves the GDL 82 unit to be installed on the existing equipment shelf located in the aft
section of the fuselage behind the cargo hold or underneath the instrument panel, attached to the tubular
structure.
This STC does not provide the data, neither is the basis of the airworthiness approval for antenna
installation. Installation of GPS/SBAS or L-Band antennas as part of GDL 82 system requires separate
airworthiness approval.
2.2 Operational Limitations
Refer to the Airplane Flight Manual Supplement (AFMS) (Garmin Document Number: 190-01810-12) for
operational limitations. It is available at Garmin’s Dealer Resource Center and flyGarmin.com.
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3
OVERVIEW
Steps required to install the GDL 82 are discussed in this section. These steps include verification of the
existing transponder system performance (including the antenna) and completion of an aircraft Electrical
Load Analysis. Equipment location, required support structure, and electrical wiring are also discussed in
this section.
NOTE
The instructions to install GDL 82, including fabrication of required wiring harness, are intended
to follow aircraft manufacturer requirements as specified in Aircraft Maintenance Manual.
Alteration and wiring practices detailed in AC 43.13-1B and AC 43.13-2B are acceptable
alternatives. Sound mechanical and electrical methods and practices are required to achieve
optimum system performance.
Options for the GDL 82 installation in a Mooney M20( ) series aircraft are depicted in Figure 3-1, Figure
3-2, and Figure 3-3. These options reflect location of existing L-Band antenna and type of transponder
(panel mounted or remote). Other than the GDL 82 unit, all other equipment shown is for reference only
and is neither intended to convey requirements for the GDL 82 installation, nor is the GDL 82 installation
predicated on other equipment shown. A list of acceptable L-Band and GPS antennas are shown in Table
3-5 and Table 3-6, respectively.
Figure 3-1: GDL 82 Installation Option 1
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Figure 3-2: GDL 82 Installation Option 2
Figure 3-3: GDL 82 Installation Option 3
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3.1 Garmin Supplied Materials
Garmin supplied materials required for the GDL 82 installation are listed in Table 3-1. Other
commercially available materials required for installation of GDL 82 are shown in Section 4.
Table 3-1: Materials for GDL 82 Installation
Part Number
Description
GDL 82
011-03946-00
OR
OR
GDL 82 w/GPS (depicted in Figure 4-1 and Figure 4-3)
011-03946-40
011-03945-00
Connector Kit, GDL 82
006-B2343-00
GDL 82 System Software Version 2.00
006-C0177-23
GDL 82 FPGA Software Version 2.3
006-B1827-00
GDL 82 Internal GPS Software Version 6.0
006-A0248-20
GDL 8X Install Tool [1]
[1] GDL 8X Install Tool is available for download at flyGarmin.com
3.2 Test Equipment
GDL 82 Pre- and Post- installation system checkouts require the following equipment:
•
Ground power source (capable of supplying sufficient power to the aircraft systems and avionics).
•
Transponder Ramp Test Set (e.g., Aeroflex IFR-6000 or TIC TR-220).
•
ADS-B Test Set (e.g., Garmin GDL 39(R/3D)/52 and Garmin Pilot application on iOS device) if
a transponder ramp test set is not capable of receiving UAT (978MHz) ADS-B Out messages.
NOTE
For the post-install ADS-B Out checks (see section 5.4.2) the Ramp Test Set must be capable of
receiving ADS-B Out messages on UAT (978MHz).
•
A Milliohm meter with a precision of ±0.1 mΩ, or better, to measure the electrical bonding
between system components and aircraft ground.
•
An ammeter with a precision of ±0.5 amps and a current capacity sufficient for the total aircraft
load for the ELA.
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3.3 Pre-Installation: Existing Transponder System Check
The existing Mode A/C (ATCRBS) transponder to be interfaced to the GDL 82, must meet the following:
•
The transponder complies with TSO-C74().
•
The installation of the transponder was previously FAA-Approved.
•
The existing transponder’s altitude source (altitude serializer/encoder) must comply with TSOC10(), TSO-C106() or TSO-C88() and have prior FAA approval.
•
The transponder must pass the pre-installation check procedures in Table 3-2.
The existing transponder system’s peak output power and receiver sensitivity must be verified to
determine compatibility with the GDL 82 before the system is installed in the aircraft. The GDL 82
introduces no more than 1.5 dB loss in the transmission line as measured at the antenna output.
Measurement is performed with a utilized radiated ramp tester, such as an Aeroflex IFR-6000 or TIC TR220, operated in accordance with the applicable operator’s manual.
Table 3-2: Pre-Installation Check Procedures
Step
Description
Notes
RF Peak Output Power: ___________
1
Determine the RF Peak Output Power
and Receiver Sensitivity IAW Part 43,
Appendix F, for existing ATCRBS
system (i.e., transponder system).
Record the observed values of RF Peak
Output Power and Receiver Sensitivity.
Class A: > 21.0 dBw (125 Watts)
Class B: > 18.5 dBw (70 Watts)
Receiver Sensitivity (MTL): _____________
Any Class: MTL = -73 ±4 dBm
2
3
Subtract the anticipated maximum loss
(1.5dB) from the peak output power and
add 1.5dB to the sensitivity values
determined in step 1.
Verify that the peak output power and
sensitivity are not reduced below the
required minimums.
<Output Power>dBw - 1.5dB = _________dBw
<Sensitivity>dBm + 1.5dB = ___________dBm
Class A: > 21.0 dBw (125 Watts)
Class B: > 18.5 dBw (70 Watts)
Any Class: MTL = -73 ±4 dBm
Consider the following modifications to help reduce loss in the transponder system, if the results of the
procedure in Table 3-2 do NOT meet the minimum performance specifications of Part 43, Appendix F.
Any of the steps, or their combination, can be used.
NOTE
Performance of any or all of the following recommendations does not necessarily ensure
compliance with 14 CFR §43, Appendix F.
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•
Due to the nature of antenna radiation patterns, nulls or marginal conditions may be observed
when measuring a utilized radiated signal from the aircraft. In these cases, tests from different
positions should be performed to determine an acceptable angle for measurement.
•
Replace transponder coaxial cable and connectors with MIL-C-17 type F low-loss cable (e.g.,
RG-400 or RG-393). For older installations it may be necessary to replace the existing coaxial
cable assembly with a low-loss cable type to pass the transponder ramp check in accordance with
Part 43, Appendix F. See Section 3.4 for specifications of recommended coaxial cable.
•
Ensure the existing transponder and L-Band antenna are properly installed in accordance with
manufacturer’s specifications (e.g., units are properly grounded, the coaxial cables are adequately
routed and that the L-Band antenna ground plane is appropriate). Any corrosion in the coaxial
cable connection, or ground plane will diminish performance.
•
Ensure the existing L-Band antenna meets the minimum performance specifications. New LBand antenna maybe required. Refer to Section 3.4.1 for specifications of acceptable L-Band
antenna.
•
If the existing transponder is Class A (i.e., operational ceiling is > 15,000 feet), but the results of
the existing transponder system check meet only the requirements for Class B equipment (i.e.,
operational ceiling is < 15,000 feet), the operating ceiling can be limited to 15,000 feet MSL if
deemed acceptable. This method does not affect the transponder’s equipment certification, but it
does limit the aircraft’s operating ceiling based on the overall system performance specifications
under 14 CFR §91.215. Placards and/or an entry in the aircraft’s AFMS specifying the limitation
must be made.
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3.4 Antennas
This section summarizes the key antenna installation parameters necessary to meet the GDL 82 and ADSB Out requirements.
NOTE
This STC does not provide the data or airworthiness approval for antenna installation. Antenna
installation requires separate airworthiness approval.
NOTE
For the particular antenna model, refer to the antenna manufacturer’s data for installation
guidance and minimum performance specifications.
NOTE
The GDL 82 will introduce no more than 1.5dB of loss in the transmission line between the
transponder and L-Band antenna. The GDL 82 should be located as close to the L-Band antenna
as practical to minimize the length of coaxial cable between the GDL 82 unit and L-Band
antenna. Reference Section 3.3 for the pre-installation checkout procedures and additional
modification considerations.
Examples of the recommended antenna cable types and cable vendors are shown in Table 3-3. Any of the
cable types shown in Table 3-3 will work depending on installation configuration and cable length. For
example, installations with longer coaxial cable runs or lower power transponders may require the usage
of cable with a loss lower than RG-400.
Any standard 50Ω, double-shielded coaxial cable assembly that meets the attenuation requirements (with
connectors) can be used between the GDL 82, existing transponder and L-Band antenna. Use the
connector losses specified in Table 3-4 for each connection when calculating cable loss. Cables that meet
specifications in Table 3-3 are adequate for GDL 82 installations.
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Table 3-3: Coaxial Cable Specifications
Insertion Loss
(dB/100ft) [1]
18.5
11.1
9.2
15.2
9.2
7.5
5.8
3.8
Carlisle IT Type [2]
MIL-C-17 Type
RG Type [3]
N/A
N/A
N/A
3C142B
311601
311501
311201
310801
M17/128-RG400
M17/112-RG304
M17/127-RG393
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
RG-400
RG-304
RG-393
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
[1] RG Type coaxial cable insertion loss can changed significantly between manufacturers. The
insertion loss for RG Type cables shown in this column is considered the worst case scenario. Refer
to the cable manufacturers’ specifications for actual attenuation (insertion loss) for the cable being
used.
[2] Supplier information (for reference only);
Carlisle Interconnect Technologies
5300 W. Franklin Drive, Franklin WI 53132
TEL: 800-327-9473
www.carlisleit.com/
[3] RG Types are obsolete and are shown for reference only; replaced by M17 Type numbers.
Table 3-4: Typical Cable Connector Loss
Connector Type
TNC
BNC
C
N
3.4.1
Approximate dB Loss
0.08 dB
0.20 dB
0.15 dB
0.05 dB
Transponder Antenna
The existing transponder L-Band antenna and/or the antenna coaxial cables do NOT require changes if
the antenna meets the following requirements and the existing transponder system passes the preinstallation check specified in Section 3.3. The existing transponder antenna must be:
1. TSO-C74(), C112(), or C166().
2. 50 ohm vertically polarized with a VSWR ≤ 1.7:1 at 978 MHz, and ≤ 1.5:1 at 1090 MHz.
3. Installed on a ground plane that is electrically bonded to the airframe ground with a direct current
(DC) resistance less than or equal to 2.5 milliohms with connector disconnected.
Additionally, the antenna location is:
1. Away from major protrusions.
2. As far away as practical from landing gear doors, access doors, or other openings that can affect
its radiation pattern.
3. At least 20 inches from any other transponder, TAS/TCAS, DME or 1030/1090 MHz antenna.
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Table 3-5: L-Band Antennas
Manufacturer
Aero Antenna
Comant
Dayton-Granger
Garmin
Model/
Description
DME
Transponder
P/N
AT130-16
CI-100 [1]
CI-100-2 [1]
CI-105 [1]
CI-105-3 [1]
CI-105-16 [1]
CI-110-40-30
CI-110-41-30
CI-110-60-30
CI-110-61-30
L10-611-()
590-0052 or
013-00219-00 [1]
590-0051 or
013-00174-00
Connector
Type
Notes
TNC
DC Grounded
L-Band blade
BNC
TNC
BNC
BNC
BNC
C
C
C
C
C
Open Circuit
Open Circuit
Open Circuit
Open Circuit
Open Circuit
Open Circuit
DC Grounded
Open Circuit
DC Grounded
DC Grounded
A-40
TNC
Open Circuit
A-41
TNC
Open Circuit
DME
Transponder
[1] Due to the lack of lightning protection, these antenna are not recommended for new installations.
3.4.2
GPS Antenna
Operation of the GDL 82 with internal GPS/SBAS receiver depends on the performance of the GPS
antenna. GPS antenna that meet minimum performance specifications are listed in Table 3-6. Installation
instructions for the Garmin GA 35, GA 36 or GA 37 GPS antennas can be found in the GA 35, GA 36, GA
37 Antenna Installation Instructions, 190-00848-00. The GPS antenna must be installed on a ground
plane that is electrically bonded to the airframe ground with a direct current (DC) resistance less than or
equal to 2.5 milliohms with connector disconnected.
Table 3-6: GPS Antennas
Manufacturer
Part Number
Description
Garmin
Aero Antenna
Garmin
Aero Antenna
Garmin
Aero Antenna
013-00235-()
AT575-93G()-TNCF-000-RG-27-NM
013-00244-()
AT575-126G()-TNCF-000-RG-27-NM
013-00245-()
AT2300-126G()-TNCF-000-RG-27-NM
CI-2580-200
CI-2728-200
CI-2580-410
CI-2728-410
CI-428-200
CI-428-410
GA 35,
GPS/WAAS [1]
GA 36,
GPS/WAAS
GA 37,
GPS/WAAS/XM
GPS/VHF
GPS/VHF
GPS/XM/VHF
GPS/XM/VHF
GPS/WAAS
GPS/XM
Comant
Connector
TNC
TNC
TNC
TNC/BNC [2]
TNC/BNC [2]
TNC/TNC/BNC [3]
TNC/TNC/BNC [3]
TNC
TNC/TNC
[1] Same mounting hole pattern as the GA 36, but GA 35 antenna has a physically larger footprint.
[2] The GPS connector is a TNC type, the VHF connector is a BNC type.
[3] The GPS connector is a TNC type, the XM connector is a TNC type, the VHF connector is a BNC type.
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An aircraft EMC check, part of the system performance checkout detailed in Section 5.4.3, can show if
there is a degradation of GPS in the presence of interference signals. A different GPS antenna or a GPS
notch filter in line with the VHF COM or (re-radiating) ELT transmitter can correct unsatisfactory
interference.
To reduce or eliminate signal interference, signal loss of GPS antenna cable assembly, including
connectors and adapters (e.g., TNC to BNC), must be within the limits listed in Table 3-7. See Table 3-4
for typical losses of connectors for calculating cable loss.
Table 3-7: GPS dB Loss Allowance
Unit
GDL 82 w/GPS
Minimum
1.5 dB
Maximum
6.5 dB
To maintain integrity of the WAAS signal, the GPS antenna coaxial cable must have a minimum of two
shields (e.g., RG-400 or RG-142B). For example, a 6.5 foot section of RG-142B or RG-400 cable with a
connector on each end has approximately 1.5 dB loss, so RG-142B or RG-400 can be used for a
maximum 35 feet antenna cable length. For longer cable sections, a lower loss 50 ohm coaxial cable must
be used.
For very short cables with less than 1.5 dB loss, cable length must be increased until the loss is between
1.5 dB and 6.5 dB, and any extra cable must be coiled. Susceptibility to harmonics of VHF COM
transmitters is analyzed through the post installation checkout, as detailed in section 5.3.2. GPS and
COM antennas may require greater separation distance, if problems occur. A 1575.42 MHz notch filter
installed in series with VHF COM transceiver antenna cable can decrease or eliminate the harmonic
interference and is available from Garmin (P/N 330-00067-00). On the selected frequencies, as listed in
section 5.3.2, the ELT can be a source of VHF COM transmitter interference with GPS signal. The ELT
antenna cable must be disconnected from the ELT unit to verify. Consult the ELT manufacturer if the
ELT is found to cause the problem.
GDL 82 Mooney M20( ) Series STC Installation Manual
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3.5 Electrical Load Analysis
Before the GDL 82 is installed, an Electrical Load Analysis (ELA) must be completed on the aircraft to
verify the electrical system can support the GDL 82. The purpose of the ELA is to show compliance with
14 CFR 23.1351 by demonstrating that the maximum electrical system demand does not exceed 80% of
the alternator data plate rating. Satisfactory completion of the ELA must be recorded on FAA Form 337.
GDL 82 current draw values are listed in Table 1-3.
The net change to the electrical load with the GDL 82 installed must be determined. The amended
electrical load calculation documenting the load change should be filed with the aircraft permanent
records.
A complete electrical load analysis must be performed to show that the capacity of the alternator or
generator is sufficient for the electrical load. For guidance on preparing an ELA, refer to ASTM F249005, Standard Guide for Aircraft Electrical Load and Power Source Capacity Analysis.
3.5.1
Aircraft with Existing Electrical Load Analysis
If there is an existing aircraft electrical load analysis for the aircraft, it must be updated to reflect the
modification. It must show the electrical system has adequate capacity to supply power to the modified
systems in all expected conditions. Add the maximum current draw of the GDL 82 to the ELA and verify
that the electrical load remains at or below 80% of the rated alternator (or generator) current. Refer to the
aircraft manufacturer’s documentation for guidance on revising and maintaining the electrical load
analysis.
3.5.2
Aircraft without Existing Electrical Load Analysis
As an alternative to adding the GDL 82 to an existing ELA (Section 3.5.1), an ELA can be determined by
load measurement, under different operating conditions, using the tabulation form provided below and the
following steps. During measurement, applied electrical system loads must account for combinations and
durations probable in aircraft operation.
CAUTION
To avoid damage to equipment, ensure the ammeter is capable of handling the expected load.
CAUTION
The Pitot Heat must only be switched on long enough to take the current measurement and then
switched off. The Pitot probe can get hot so care must be exercised to avoid burns or damaging
the unit.
NOTE
Normal Operation is when the primary electrical power generating system is operating normally.
Emergency Operation is when the primary electrical power generating system is inoperative and
a back-up electrical power generating system is being used. This typically requires load shedding
of non-essential equipment to provide adequate electrical power to essential required equipment
for safe flight and landing of the airplane.
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NOTE
Current measurement is best accomplished with an in-circuit or clamp-on, calibrated ammeter
with 0.5A, or better precision.
The aircraft electrical system is adequate for a GDL 82 installation if maximum demand, as documented
on the tabulated ELA form (Figure 3-4 and Figure 3-5), does not exceed 80% of the alternator capacity as
installed. It is permissible for the electrical load to exceed 80% of the alternator capacity as installed
when Pitot heat and landing light are switched on simultaneously during the takeoff/landing phase of
flight. In this case the electrical load must not exceed 95% of the alternator capacity as installed. With
only the Pitot heat on (and the landing light off), the electrical load may not exceed 80% of the alternator
capacity as installed.
1. The tabulated form, Figure 3-4 and Figure 3-5, can be used to compile a list of electrical loads on
the aircraft. Typically, the list would be comprised of existing circuit breakers and circuit breaker
switches. Continuous (e.g., GPS) or intermittent (e.g., stall warning horn, landing gear) loads
must be identified.
2. Worst-case flight scenario must be used to identify which equipment is used in a particular phase
of flight in normal operation. From mutually exclusive equipment that will not be energized
simultaneously (e.g., pitot heat and air conditioning), only the highest worst-case condition loads
must be considered.
3. Worst-case flight scenario must be used to identify which equipment is used in a particular phase
of flight in emergency operation. As a minimum the list of equipment must include:
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
f.
g.
h.
COM Radio #1
NAV Radio #1
Transponder and Associated Altitude Source
Audio Panel
Stall Warning System (if applicable)
Pitot Heat
Landing Light (switched on during landing only)
Instrument Panel Dimming
4. The calibrated ammeter must be connected in line between the external power source and the
master relay circuit to eliminate errors from charging current drawn by the battery, as shown in
the battery-to-electrical bus diagram.
5. With all circuit breakers closed, external power must be applied to the aircraft and voltage set to
nominal alternator voltage (usually 13.8 V (DC) or 27.5 V (DC)).
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6. Battery master switch must be turned on. For short duration demand battery is assumed to supply
power beyond alternator capacity (intermittent electrical loads are not measured).
7. The following lighting settings must be applied throughout entire electrical load measurement:
a. All instrument panel and flood lights set to maximum brightness
b. Any other backlit display set to 50% brightness
8. With all equipment used continuously in taxiing phase switched on, ammeter current reading
must be recorded in tabulated ELA form (COLUMN 1, Figure 3-5). Note that the autopilot
circuit breaker must be closed, but autopilot not be engaged during the measurement.
9. With all equipment used continuously in the normal takeoff/landing phase, ammeter current
reading must be recorded in tabulated ELA form (COLUMN 2, Figure 3-5). Measurements must
be taken with the landing lights ON and OFF, and autopilot circuit breaker closed with autopilot
engaged.
10. With all equipment used continuously in the normal cruise phase, ammeter current reading must
be recorded in tabulated ELA form (COLUMN 3, Figure 3-5).
11. With all equipment used continuously in the emergency cruise phase, ammeter current reading
must be recorded in tabulated ELA form (COLUMN 4, Figure 3-5). Measurements must be
taken with the landing lights ON and OFF.
12. With all equipment used continuously in the emergency landing phase, ammeter current reading
must be recorded in tabulated ELA form (COLUMN 5, Figure 3-5). Measurements must be taken
with the landing lights ON and OFF.
GDL 82 Mooney M20( ) Series STC Installation Manual
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ELECTRICAL LOAD TABULATION FORM
DATE:
Circuit/System
Phase(s) of Flight During Which Circuit/System is Used
Normal Operation
Emergency Operation
TAIL NUMBER:
Circuit
Breaker
Number
Operating
Time
Taxiing
10 min
TO/Land
10 min
Cruise
60 min
Cruise
(Calculated)
Land
10 min
Figure 3-4: Electrical Load Tabulated Form, Sheet 1 of 2
GDL 82 Mooney M20( ) Series STC Installation Manual
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Figure 3-5: Electrical Load Tabulated Form, Sheet 2 of 2
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3.5.3
Battery Capacity Analysis
An increase in electrical load to the aircraft electrical system must be verified to remain in compliance
which includes both electrical generation capacity and that reserve battery capacity remains adequate to
support loads essential to continued safe flight and landing. If the existing battery does not meet the
battery capacity requirements, a battery that has sufficient capacity must be installed.
Refer to ASTM document F2490-05, Standard Guide for Aircraft Electrical Load and Power Source
Capacity Analysis, for more information.
a) Examine the nameplate capacity of the battery and assume 75% is available.
For example, 12A-h = 720A-min, therefore, 720A-min ×75% = 540 A-min
b) Estimate the normal or pre-loadshed cruise condition (assume worst case cruise at night).
For example, 15A X 5min = 75A-min. This assumes 5 minutes for the pilot to shed non-essential
loads. Any automatic load shedding can be assumed to be immediate and need not be considered
in the pre-loadshed calculations.
c) Determine the minimum cruise load necessary to maintain flight after the generator/alternator has
failed. For example, 10A.
d) Determine the consumption required during the landing approach.
For example, 20A for 5min = 100A-min. The cruise duration is therefore:
Battery Capacity − Pre-loadshed
(𝑎) − ((𝑏) + (𝑑))
+ Landing Load
=
(𝑐)
Cruise Load
=
540 A-min − (75 A-min + 100 A-min)
10 A
=
365 A-min
10 A
= 36.5 min
Figure 3-6: Battery Capacity Analysis Example
GDL 82 Mooney M20( ) Series STC Installation Manual
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4
INSTALLATION
NOTE
Dimensions are in inches unless otherwise specified.
NOTE
Any added placards or labels must have text size, style, and colors that match existing placards
and must be:
1. Located adjacent to added switch, annunciator, and/or circuit breaker,
2. Readable in all cockpit lighting conditions.
3. Not easily erased, damaged, or obscured.
GDL 82 Mooney M20( ) Series STC Installation Manual
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4.1 GDL 82 Unit Installation
ITEM PART NUMBER
1
011-03946-40
QTY DESCRIPTION
1 GDL 82 WITH GPS
2
--
1
PLATE, MOUNTING, GDL 82
3
MS20426AD3-3
8
RIVET, SOLID, COUNTERSUNK 100 DEG, PRECISION HEAD, 3/32 IN OD, 3/16 IN LONG
4
MS20659-130
2
5
MS21075L-06
4
6
MS21083N3
3
TERMINAL, LUG, CRIMP STYLE, COPPER, UNISULATED, RING TONGUE, NO. 6 WIRE, 0.190 IN STUD
NUT, SELF-LOCKING, PLATE, TWO LUG, FLOATING, REDUCED RIVET SPACING, LOW HEIGHT, STEEL, 0.1380-32
UNJC-3B
NUT, SELF-LOCKING, HEXAGON, NON-METALIC INSERT, LOW HEIGHT, STEEL, 0.1900-32 UNJF-3B
7
MS21919WDG8
1
CLAMP, LOOP TYPE, CUSHIONED, 1/2 IN TUBE
8
MS21919WDG10
2
CLAMP, LOOP TYPE, CUSHIONED, 5/8 IN TUBE
9
MS27039-1-07
3
SCREW, MACHINE, PAN HEAD, STRUCTURAL, CROSS RECESSED 0.1900-32 UNF-3A, 0.469 IN
10
MS35206-228
4
SCREW, MACHINE, PAN HEAD, CROSS RECESSED, CAD PLATED 0.1380-32 UNC-2A, 0.375 IN LONG
1
BRAID, WIRE, COPPER, TIN-COATED, FLAT, 0.375 IN, QQ-B-575
11
QQB575F36T375
NOTES
1
THE RESISTANCE BETWEEN THE GDL 82 UNIT AND THE EXISTING TUBULAR STRUCTURE ASSEMBLY MUST BE LESS THAN 2.5 mΩ WITH
ALL GDL 82 CONNECTORS DISCONNECTED AND MUST BE VERIFIED WITH A MILLIOHM METER. FOLLOW SECTION 5 OF SAE ARP 1870,
AEROSPACE SYSTEMS ELECTRICAL BONDING AND GROUNDING FOR ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY AND SAFETY, FOR PROCEDURES
ON ELECTRICAL BOND PREPARATION.
2
LOCATION OF FASTENER HOLES TO MATCH GDL 82 UNIT (REF. ITEM 1)
3
LOCATION OF RIVET HOLES TO MATCH NUTPLATES (REF. ITEM 4)
4
LOCATION OF FASTENER HOLES TO MATCH CLAMPS (REF. ITEM 6 AND ITEM 7)
5
TORQUE 0.1380-32 UNC-3A SCREWS 8.0±1.0 LBF-IN
6
PLATE IS MADE FROM SHEET OF 6061-T6 ALUMINUM PER AMS 4025, AMS 4027, AMS-QQ-A-250/11, 0.040 IN THICK MINIMUM. CORROSION
PROTECTION INCLUDES:
(1) CHEMICAL CONVERSION COAT PER MIL-DTL-5541 TYPE II, OR MIL-DTL-81706 TYPE II.
(2) [OPTIONAL] PRIME WITH HIGH-SOLIDS CHEMICAL AND SOLVENT RESISTANT EPOXY PRIMER PER MIL-PRF-23377, CLASS N.
(3) [OPTIONAL] COAT WITH POLYURETHANE PAINT PER MIL-PRF-85285, TYPE III.
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Page 23 of 49
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7
RIVETS ARE INSTALLED PER MIL-R-47196 (NASM47196) RIVET, BUCK TYPE, PREPARATION FOR AND INSTALLATION, OR PER MIL-STD-403
PREPARATION FOR AND INSTALLATION OF RIVETS AND SCREWS, ROCKET MISSILE, AND AIRFRAME STRUCTURES.
8
ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT CHASSIS AND SUPPORTING BRACKETS AND RACKS MUST BE ELECTRICALLY BONDED TO THE AIRCRAFT’S
GROUND REFERENCE. REFER TO SAE ARP 1870 SECTION 5 WHEN SURFACE PREPARATION IS REQUIRED TO ACHIEVE ELECTRICAL
BOND. THE BONDING STRAP LENGTH MUST NOT EXCEED SIX INCHES. SEE BELOW FOR AIRFRAME BONDING EXAMPLE..
Figure 4-1: GDL 82 Unit Installation, Option 1 Example
Table 4-1: Airframe Bonding Hardware
Item Number
in Figure
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Description
Tinned copper flat braid, ¾”, QQB57F36T781
OR
Tinned copper tubular braid, 7/16”, QQB575R30T437
Terminal Lug, 5/16 inch, uninsulated, MS20659-131
Bolt, 5/16 inch, AN5-XA
Lock washer, 5/16 inch, NASM35338-45
Flat washer, 5/16 inch, NAS1149F0563P
Flat washer, 0.063 inch thick, NASM970-5 (AN970-5)
Locknut, 5/16 inch, AN363-524
Figure 4-2: Bonding Strap Example
GDL 82 Mooney M20( ) Series STC Installation Manual
Page 24 of 49
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The GDL 82 Installation Examples 2 and 3 (shown in Figure 3-2 and Figure 3-3) can both be installed in
accordance with Figure 4-3.
ITEM PART NUMBER QTY DESCRIPTION
1
011-03946-40
1
GDL 82 WITH GPS
2
MS20426AD3-3
8
3
MS21075L-06
4
4
MS35206-228
NOTES
4
RIVET, SOLID, COUNTERSUNK 100 DEG, PRECISION HEAD, 3/32 IN OD, 3/16 IN LONG
NUT, SELF-LOCKING, PLATE, TWO LUG, FLOATING, REDUCED RIVET SPACING, LOW HEIGHT, STEEL, 0.1380-32
UNJC-3B
SCREW, MACHINE, PAN HEAD, CROSS RECESSED, CAD PLATED 0.1380-32 UNC-2A, 0.375 IN LONG
1
THE TOTAL WEIGHT OF THE GDL 82 UNIT AND THE EXISTING EQUIPMENT INSTALLED ON THE RACK ASSEMBLY MUST REMAIN
WITHIN THE RACK ASSEMBLY WEIGHT LIMIT AS DETERMINED BY THE AIRCRAFT MANUFACTURER.
2
THE RESISTANCE BETWEEN THE GDL 82 UNIT AND THE EXISTING RACK ASSEMBLY MUST BE LESS THAN 2.5 mΩ WITH ALL GDL 82
CONNECTORS DISCONNECTED AND MUST BE VERIFIED WITH A MILLIOHM METER. FOLLOW SECTION 5 OF SAE ARP 1870, AEROSPACE
SYSTEMS ELECTRICAL BONDING AND GROUNDING FOR ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY AND SAFETY, FOR PROCEDURES ON
ELECTRICAL BOND PREPARATION.
3
LOCATION OF FASTENER HOLES TO MATCH GDL 82 UNIT (REF. ITEM 1)
4
LOCATION OF RIVET HOLES TO MATCH NUTPLATES (REF. ITEM 3)
5
TORQUE 0.1380-32 UNC-3A SCREWS 8.0±1.0 LBF-IN.
6
RIVETS ARE INSTALLED PER MIL-R-47196 (NASM47196) RIVET, BUCK TYPE, PREPARATION FOR AND INSTALLATION, OR PER MIL-STD-403
PREPARATION FOR AND INSTALLATION OF RIVETS AND SCREWS, ROCKET MISSILE, AND AIRFRAME STRUCTURES.
Figure 4-3: GDL 82 Unit Installation, Option 2 & 3 Example
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Page 25 of 49
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4.2 Circuit Protection
ITEM PART NUMBER QTY DESCRIPTION
1
Klixon 7274
(1)
TRIP-FREE RESETTABLE MS26574 OR MS22073 CIRCUIT BREAKER, PUSH-PULL, TYPE I, 5.0 AMP
2
MS25082-B18
(1)
NUT, PLAIN, HEXAGON, ELECTRICAL, THIN, 0.4375-32 UN-2B
3
MS35333-41B
(1)
WASHER, LOCK, FLAT INTERNAL TOOTH, CARBON STEEL, BLACK FINISH, 0.312 IN DIAMETER
4
MS35338-41
(2)
5
MS51957-25
(2)
WASHER, LOCK-SPRING, HELICAL, REGULAR SERIES 0.138 IN DIAMETER
SCREW, MACHINE, PAN HEAD, CROSS-RECESSED, CORROSION RESISTANT STEEL, 0.1380-32 UNC-2A, 0.1875 IN
LONG
PLACARD, CIRCUIT BREAKER, GDL 82
6
-NOTES
1
1
THE GDL 82 IS PROTECTED BY THE EXISTING TRANSPONDER CIRCUIT BREAKER. THE COMBINED TRANSPONDER AND GDL 82
CURRENT MUST NOT EXCEED 80% OF THE CIRCUIT BREAKER RATED CURRENT. REPLACE EXISTING CIRCUIT BREAKER IN
ACCORDANCE WITH AC 43.13-1B, CHAPTER 11, SECTION 4, IF REQUIRED. THE CIRCUIT BREAKER MUST BE MS26574, MS22073, OR OTHER
TYPE AS SPECIFIED IN THE AIRCRAFT MANUFACTURER’S PARTS CATALOG.
2
GDL 82/TRANSPONDER CIRCUIT BREAKER MUST BE LABELED AS SHOWN. THE PLACARD OR LABEL FOR ADDED GDL 82 UNIT MUST
MAINTAIN THE FONT SIZE AND COLOR OF EXISTING CIRCUIT BREAKER LABELS AND MUST BE VISIBLE UNDER ALL LIGHTING
CONDITIONS.
3
NUT (ITEM 2), WASHER (ITEMS 3 AND 4), AND SCREW (ITEM 5) ARE PART OF CIRCUIT BREAKER (ITEM 1).
Figure 4-4: GDL 82 Circuit Breaker Installation Example
GDL 82 Mooney M20( ) Series STC Installation Manual
Page 26 of 49
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4.3 ADS-B Out Fail Annunciator and Anonymous Mode Switch
The ADS-B OUT FAIL annunciator indicates that the ADS-B out transmission is not operational. The
anonymous mode allows the GDL 82 to transmit a temporary address instead of the aircraft assigned
ICAO 24-bit address, when the interfaced Mode A/C transponder is tuned to the VFR Code (1200).
Installation of the Anonymous Mode switch and ADS-B OUT FAIL annunciator is optional. If selected,
the switch and annunciator must be installed and labeled as shown in Figure 4-5 and Figure 4-6, and
wired as shown in Figure 4-7.
ITEM PART NUMBER QTY DESCRIPTION
1
2
MS25041-4
MS25237-330
MS25237-327
3
-NOTES
(1)
(1)
1
LIGHT, INDICATOR, PRESS TO TEST, SMALL, AMBER WITH DIMMER
LAMP, INCADESCENT, SINGLE CONTACT, MIDGET FLANGED BASE, 14 VDC, CLEAR
LAMP, INCADESCENT, SINGLE CONTACT, MIDGET FLANGED BASE, 28 VDC, CLEAR
PLACARD, ADS-B FAIL ANNUNCIATOR, GDL 82
1
INSTALLATION OF THE ADS-B OUT FAIL ANNUNCIATOR IS OPTIONAL. IF INSTALLED, THE ANNUNCIATOR LOCATION MUST BE SUCH
THAT THE PILOT HAS CLEAR UNOBSTRUCTED AND UNDISTORTED VIEW OF THE ANNUNCIATOR.
2
ADS-B OUT FAIL ANNUNCIATOR MUST BE LABELED AS SHOWN. THE ANNUNCIATOR PLACARD OR LABEL MUST MAINTAIN THE FONT
SIZE AND COLOR OF EXISTING PLACARDS OR LABELS, AND MUST BE VISIBLE UNDER ALL LIGHTING CONDITIONS.
3
PART OF THE ANNUNCIATOR (ITEM 1).
4
SELECT THE LAMP WITH VOLTAGE RATING APPROPRIATE TO AIRCRAFT ELECTRICAL SYSTEM.
Figure 4-5: ADS-B OUT Fail Annunciator Installation Example
GDL 82 Mooney M20( ) Series STC Installation Manual
Page 27 of 49
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ITEM PART NUMBER
MS27716-22-1
1
Or
MS27718-22-1
2
MS25081C0
QTY DESCRIPTION
(1)
SWITCH, TOGGLE, MINATURE, SINGLE POLE, SEALED OR UNSEALED, OFF-NONE-ON
(1)
WASHER, KEY, 0.255 IN DIAMETER
3
MS25082-B14
(2)
NUT, PLAIN, HEXAGON, ELECTRICAL, THIN, 0.2500-40 US-2B
4
MS35333-125B
(1)
WASHER, LOCK, FLAT INTERNAL TOOTH, CARBON STEEL, BLACK FINISH, 1/4 IN
5
-NOTES
1
PLACARD, UAT ANONYMOUS SWITCH, GDL 82
1
INSTALLATION OF THE UAT ANONYMOUS SWITCH IS OPTIONAL. IF INSTALLED, THE SWITCH MUST BE IN A LOCATION THAT IS
READILY ACCESSIBLE TO THE PILOT.
2
UAT ANONYMOUS SWITCH MUST BE LABELED AS SHOWN. THE ANONYMOUS SWITCH PLACARD OR LABEL MUST MAINTAIN THE
FONT SIZE AND COLOR OF EXISTING PLACARDS OR LABELS, AND MUST BE VISIBLE UNDER ALL LIGHTING CONDITIONS.
3
NUT (ITEM 3) AND WASHERS (ITEM 2 AND 4) ARE PART OF THE SWITCH (ITEM 1).
Figure 4-6: UAT Anonymous Mode Switch Installation Example
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Page 28 of 49
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4.4 Electrical
CAUTION
Check wiring connections for errors before connecting the wiring harness to the LRUs. Incorrect
wiring could cause component damage.
NOTE
All balloon numbers in Figure 4-7 refer to Table 4-2.
NOTE
Ground Designations:
s
Shield Block Ground
Airframe Ground
NOTE
At GDL 82, connect shield grounds to the connector backshell – the shield termination leads must
be less than 3.0”. Connect other end of the shield per the remote equipment installation
requirements. If no shield termination requirement exists for the remote equipment, terminate
shields as short as possible, not to exceed 3.0”.
Table 4-2: Electrical Wiring Material List
ITEM PART NUMBER QTY DESCRIPTION
1 [1] M27500-24-2
A/R
CABLE, POWER, ELECTRICAL, SHIELDED AND UNSHIELDED, MILDTL-27500, 2-CORE
2 [1] M27500-24-3
A/R
CABLE, POWER, ELECTRICAL, SHIELDED AND UNSHIELDED, MILDTL-27500, 3-CORE
3 [2] M22759/16-10-9
A/R
WIRE, ELECTRICAL FLUOROPOLYMER, INSULATED, COPPER OR
COPPER ALLOY, MIL-W-22759
4 [3] M17/128-RG400
A/R CABLE, COAXIAL, RG-400
5
112514
2
CONNECTOR, BNC, DUAL CRIMP, MALE
6
31-4452
1
CONNECTOR, TNC, DUAL CRIMP, MALE
7 [4] 330-00067-00
(1) GPS NOTCH FILTER, TELEGARTNER INC (J01006B0017)
8 [1] M83519/2-X
(4) SHIELD TERMINATOR, CONDUCTOR SOLDER SLEEVE
[1] ONLY REQUIRED IF USING EXTERNAL GPS SOURCE. All Cable is MIL-C-27500 24 AWG, or
larger, utilizing M22759/18 wire (TG) and ETFE Jacket (14), Shield coverage 85% or higher (A or -) and shield
material tin plated copper round (T), unless otherwise noted. (Reference Section 1.2 for approved external GPS
sources and Section 4.4.1 and 4.4.2 for Cable Bundle Termination and Backshell Assembly guidance.)
[2] All wire is MIL-W-22759/16 22 AWG, or larger, unless otherwise noted.
[3] Other types of coaxial cable that meet the minimum performance specifications in Section 3.4, can be used.
[4] Only required if GPS post-install checkout reveals unsatisfactory interference, see Section 3.4.2.
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Rev. 1
GDL 82
AIRCRAFT POWER
XPDR
UAT
3
P821
15
5A
3
AIRCRAFT GND
1
AVIONICS BUS
14
AIRCRAFT
GROUND
15 PIN DSUB CONNECTOR AND USB-B
RECEPTACLE PART OF GDL 82
CONNECTOR KIT P/N 011-03945-00
USB TYPE B
RECEPTACLE
2
USB VBUS POWER
USB DATA HI
USB DATA LO
USB GROUND
11
6
1
7
s
2
RS-232 TX1
RS-232 RX1
8
9
s
TIME MARK A
TIME MARK B
VBUS
D+
DGND
SHIELD
RED
GRN
WHT
BLK
GNS 480
(CNX 80) 5
GPS NAVIGATOR
GTN
6XX/7XX
GNS
400W/500W
P1001
P4001/P5001
P1
-6
44
42
41
3
-6
25
RS-232 RX
RS-232 TX
SERIAL GROUND
3
22
16
--
19
17
TIME MARK OUT A
TIME MARK OUT B
7
4
s
1
2
3
s
s
3
8
SQUAT SWITCH
9
4
UAT
ANONYMOUS
ENABLE
3
8
ANONYMOUS MODE
10
5
DISABLE
3
8
ADS-B FAIL ANNUN
ADS-B OUT
FAIL
11
(AMBER)
10
(TEST)
LAMP VOLTAGE FROM
A/C POWER
5
4
P823
6
XPDR
EXISTING
TRANSPONDER
P824
5
4
6
EXISTING L-BAND
ANTENNA, BOTTOM
4
6
GPS/SBAS
ANTENNA
BTM
P822
6
GPS
GDL 82 WITH GPS/SBAS ONLY
GDL 82 Mooney M20( ) Series STC Installation Manual
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NOTES
1
CIRCUIT BREAKER MUST BE LABELED AS SHOWN, DIRECTLY ADJACENT TO THE CIRCUIT BREAKER. THE CIRCUIT
BREAKER MUST BE READILY ACCESSIBLE TO THE PILOT. SEE SECTION 4.2 FOR CIRCUIT BREAKER INSTALLATION.
2
USB TYPE B RECEPTACLE PIGTAIL (P/N 011-01782-00) MUST BE WIRED DIRECTLY TO P821 TO MINIMIZE LIGHTNING
EXPOSURE. LABEL AND PLACE IN ACCESSIBLE LOCATION.
3
THERE IS NO NEED FOR THE GROUND WIRE BETWEEN THE GDL 82 AND GNS 400W/500W SERIES GPS SOURCE.
4
IF THE SPECIFIED RS-232 PORT ON THE GTN 6XX/7XX OR GNS 400W/500W SERIES NAVIGATORS IS ALREADY USED
FOR ANOTHER PURPOSE, ANY RS-232 PORT ON THESE NAVIGATORS MAY BE CONNECTED IN LIEU OF THE SPECIFIED
PORT.
5
FOR THE GNS 480 (CNX80) THE SERIAL PORT (RS-232) CHANNEL 3 IS THE ONLY PORT THAT ALLOWS FOR THE ADS-B
OUT+ FORMAT TO INTERFACE AS AN EXTERNAL GPS SOURCE TO THE GDL 82.
6
REFER TO SECTION 3.4 FOR L-BAND AND GPS ANTENNA COAXIAL CABLE SPECIFICATIONS.
7
EXTERNAL GPS SOURCE IS ONLY REQUIRED FOR GDL 82 UNITS NOT EQUIPPED WITH INTERNAL GPS AND/OR
INTERFACED TO GPS ANTENNA.
8
OPTIONAL INSTALLATION: THESE SWITCH INPUTS MUST BE CONFIGURED IF INSTALLED. REFER TO SECTION 5.2 FOR
CONFIGURATION SETTINGS.
9
THE SQUAT SWITCH INPUT CAN BE USED TO CONTROL AIR/GROUND STATUS. AN AIRSPEED GEAR SAFE SWITCH
COULD BE USED INSTEAD OF A WEIGHT ON WHEELS OR SQUAT SWITCH IF AVAILABLE.
10 THE ANONYMOUS MODE SWITCH MAY BE USED TO CONTROL THE GDL 82 ANONYMITY FEATURE. THE SWITCH
MUST BE LABELED AS SHOWN DIRECTLY ADJACENT TO THE SWITCH. SEE SECTION 4.3 FOR ANONYMOUS MODE
SWITCH INSTALLATION.
11 THE ADS-B OUT FAIL ANNUNCIATOR MAY BE USED TO INDICATE A FAILURE IN THE ADS-B OUT TRANSMISSION.
THE ANNUNCIATOR MUST BE LABELED AS SHOWN DIRECTLY ADJACENT TO THE ANNUNCIATOR. SEE SECTION 4.3
FOR ADS-B OUT FAIL ANNUNCIATOR INSTALLATION.
Figure 4-7: GDL 82 Wiring Interconnect
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4.4.1
Shielded Cable Preparation
1. At the end of the shielded cable, strip back 1.5 inch maximum length of the jacket to expose the braid.
2. Remove the exposed braid.
3. Score the jacket 1/4 inches to 5/16 inches from the end and remove the jacket to leave the braid
exposed.
4. Connected a 20 or 22 AWG wire to the exposed braid of the prepared cable using one of the below
methods. For termination techniques, refer to AC 43.13.
PREFERED METHOD
Slide a solder sleeve (1) onto the prepared cable and shrink using heat gun. The chosen size of
solder sleeve must accommodate the number of conductors present in the cable assembly. Refer to
Table 4-2 for materials; use M83519/2-2 for 2-conductor and M83519/2-3 for 3-conductor solder
sleeve. Solder sleeves with preinstalled leads are acceptable.
ALTERNATE METHOD
Solder an insulated (20-22AWG; 3 inch maximum length) wire (2) to the exposed braid of the
prepared cable. Slide a piece of shrink tube (1) onto the prepared cable and shrink using a heat gun.
The chosen size of shrink tube must accommodate the number of conductors present in the cable.
Figure 4-8: Shield Termination
5. Repeat steps 1 through 4 as needed for the remaining shielded cables.
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4.4.2
Backshell Assembly
CAUTION
Place the smooth side of the strain relief clamp across the cable bundle. The concave side against
the cable bundle will damage wires.
•
Each tapped hole on the backshell may accommodate up to two ring terminals.
•
Each ring terminal may accommodate up to three wires, but two wires are preferred.
•
For two wires, use a 14-16 AWG, #8 insulated ring terminal (MS25036-153)
•
For single wires, use a 18-22 AWG, #8 insulated ring terminal (MS25036-149)
1. Wrap the cable bundle with silicone fusion tape (not included) where the strain relief clamps the
bundle.
2. Place the connector (6) edge inside of the backshell groove (5).
3. Place the smooth side of the backshell strain relief clamp (4) across the cable bundle and secure using
two 4-4-40 x 0.375 panhead screws (3).
4. Attach the backshell cover (2) to the backshell using the supplied screws (1).
5. Install a ring terminal onto the cable shield drains, grouping wires as appropriate for the connector.
6. Place the following items (not included) on the 8-32 x 0.312 panhead shield terminal screw in the
order they are presented.
a. Split washer – MS35338-137, #8, (0.045” compressed thickness)
b. Flat washer – NAS 1149CN832R or NAS 1149FN832P, #8, 0.032” thick, 0.174” ID, 0.327” OD,
stainless or cad-plated steel
c. First ring terminal – MS25036-149, #8, insulated, 10-22AWG, 14-16 AWG, 12-10 AWG
d. Second ring terminal (if needed)
7. Insert the panhead shield terminal screw into the tapped holes on the shield block.
Figure 4-9: Jackscrew Backshell Assembly
GDL 82 Mooney M20( ) Series STC Installation Manual
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4.4.3
Wiring Harness Routing
Route wire harness from the 15 pin D-sub (J821) on the GDL 82 unit to existing aircraft wire harness.
Breakout the USB dongle cable wiring and secure near the GDL 82 unit. Continue routing wiring along
existing harness to instrument panel/CB console. Terminate all wiring as shown in wiring diagram
(Figure 4-7).
If the existing coaxial cable meets the minimum requirements in Section 3.4, then no change is required
in coaxial cable routing. If new coaxial cable is required:
1. Route coaxial cable from XPDR (J823) connection on the GDL 82 unit to existing A/C wire
harness, using existing clamping stations, to the existing transponder.
2. Route coaxial cable from ANT (J824) connection on the GDL 82 unit to existing A/C wire
harness, using existing clamping stations, to the existing L-band antenna.
3. If required, route GPS coaxial cable from the GPS (J822) connection on the GDL 82 unit to the
GPS antenna in accordance with the specifications in Section 3.4.2.
NOTES
1
THE DIRECT CONNECTION TO A GPS ANTENNA IS ONLY AVAILABLE WITH THE GDL 82 WITH INTERNAL GPS. GPS SOURCE DATA CAN
ALSO BE PROVIDED VIA RS-232 FROM AN APPROVED EXISTING GARMIN NAVIGATOR. SEE SECTION 1.2 FOR APPROVED EXTERNAL GPS
SOURCES.
2
EXISTING TRANSPONDER TRANSMISSION COAXIAL CABLE NEEDS TO BE MODIFIED TO ALLOW FOR INSTALLATION OF THE GDL 82
UNIT IN SERIES BETWEEN THE EXISTING TRANSONDER AND THE L-BAND ANTENNA. SEE SECTION 3.4 FOR COAXIAL CABLE
SPECIFICATIONS.
Figure 4-10: Option 1 Wire Harness Routing Example
GDL 82 Mooney M20( ) Series STC Installation Manual
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190-01810-10
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NOTES
1
THE DIRECT CONNECTION TO A GPS ANTENNA IS ONLY AVAILABLE WITH THE GDL 82 WITH INTERNAL GPS. GPS SOURCE DATA CAN
ALSO BE PROVIDED VIA RS-232 FROM AN APPROVED EXISTING GARMIN NAVIGATOR. SEE SECTION 1.2 FOR APPROVED EXTERNAL GPS
SOURCES.
2
EXISTING TRANSPONDER TRANSMISSION COAXIAL CABLE NEEDS TO BE MODIFIED TO ALLOW FOR INSTALLATION OF THE GDL 82
UNIT IN SERIES BETWEEN THE EXISTING TRANSONDER AND THE L-BAND ANTENNA. SEE SECTION 3.4 FOR COAXIAL CABLE
SPECIFICATIONS.
Figure 4-11: Options 2 and 3 Wire Harness Routing Example
GDL 82 Mooney M20( ) Series STC Installation Manual
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5
SYSTEM CONFIGURATION AND CHECKOUT
This section contains instructions for configuration and checkout of the GDL 82 system after installation.
The following steps are required to configure and verify the system is properly installed and functioning
correctly:
1. Perform Mounting, Wiring & Power Checks (see section 5.1)
2. Configure the GDL 82 (see Section 5.2)
3. Perform post-installation checkout (see Section 5.3 and 5.4)
4. Complete installation documentation (see Section 6)
5.1 Mounting, Wiring and Power Checks
CAUTION
Check the movement of the flight and engine controls to verify the wire harness is not touching
any moving parts.
CAUTION
Verify all wire harnesses are properly secured and shields are connected to the shield blocks of
the connectors.
Before powering up the GDL 82, the wire harnesses must be checked for proper connections to the
aircraft systems and other avionics. Point-to-point continuity must be checked to verify the connections
are in accordance with the interconnect diagrams. Any faults or discrepancies (such as shorting to
ground) must be corrected before proceeding.
After accomplishing a continuity check, perform power and ground checks to make sure there is proper
power distribution to the GDL 82. Once continuity and power checks are complete, power should be
disconnected from the aircraft.
The GDL 82 unit can be installed after completion of the continuity and power checks. The GDL 82
should be installed and secured in a similar fashion as shown in Figure 4-1 and Figure 4-3.
5.2 GDL 82 Configuration
The procedures detailed in this section verify the approved software and configuration settings for the
proper operation of the GDL 82. The person performing these checks should be familiar with the aircraft,
have a working knowledge of typical avionics systems, and experience using the required test equipment.
NOTE
Calibration of all test equipment must be current . See Section 3.2 for recommended test
equipment.
NOTE
Some procedures in this section require sufficient satellite signal for the GPS receiver to compute
a present position. This requires outdoor line-of-site to GPS satellite signals or a GPS indoor
repeater.
GDL 82 Mooney M20( ) Series STC Installation Manual
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190-01810-10
Rev. 1
NOTE
For GDL 82 operational instructions, see 190-01810-13, GDL 82 Pilot Quick Start Guide.
Configuration procedures detailed in this section require the GDL 82 unit to be in configuration mode.
This is accomplished by connecting the GDL 82 unit to the PC, applying power to the GDL 82 and
activating the GDL 8X Install Tool on the PC. Connection to a PC requires a cable (not provided) with
USB-A and USB-B plugs.
Figure 5-1: USB-A and USB-B Connectors
NOTE
When the GDL 82 unit is connected to the PC (via USB) and the GDL 8X Install Tool is active,
the GDL 82 will automatically be placed in Configuration Mode. To reset the GDL 82 into
Normal Mode, power down the unit, disconnect it from the USB and reapply power to the GDL
82.
The GDL 82 PC Install Tool is used to configure system settings, perform diagnostics and upload GDL
82 software. Refer to the GDL 82 TSO Installation Manual (Garmin document 190-01810-00) for
instructions on installation and use of the GDL 8X Install Tool (Garmin P/N 006-A0248-20).
To use the GDL 8X Install Tool:
1. Power off the GDL 82 unit.
2. Connect the USB-A to USB-B cable between the PC and the USB-B receptacle installed in the
aircraft wire harness.
3. Power on the GDL 82 unit.
4. Launch the GDL 8X Install Tool; the install tool will prompt the user to select the type of unit to
configure; select the GDL 82.
5.2.1
Verify Software Version
Before configuring the GDL 82, verify that the current version of software on the GDL 82 unit matches
the software version identified in the Table 3-1.
1. In the GDL 8X Install Tool, go to the Diagnostics / Unit Information page. Reference the
Software / Version and Software / Part Number.
2. Verify that the software version listed in Table 3-1 is installed on the GDL 82 unit.
3. If necessary, reference the GDL 82 TSO Installation Manual, 190-01810-00, for instructions on
acquiring the GDL 82 software and loading software to the GDL 82.
NOTE
If the GDL 82 unit/install tool reports the same software P/N and version as indicated in Table
3-1, no further action is required to update or load software.
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5.2.2
Configuration Settings
The Configuration / System page displays configuration data and allows the installer to change the
installation configuration. Once the configuration options are selected, power-cycle the GDL 82 unit to
apply the settings. The configuration settings can be saved to a plain text file for logging purposes by
selecting the Save Configuration To File button.
Go to the Configuration / System page in the GDL 8X Install Tool and apply the settings listed in Table
5-1.
Table 5-1: GDL 82 Configuration Settings
ITEM
CONFIGURATION
NOTES
Aircraft
Tail Number: [1]
Enter Aircraft Tail Number
HEX
ICAO Address: [1]
OCTAL
Emitter Category:
Light
Light Category Stall Speed: [2] 30 – 100 (Knots)
Not Installed
Squat Switch:
GND (0V) = On Ground
This is the US registration number (Nnumber).
Sets the ICAO address in octal or hex
format. Verify value with aircraft
registration records.
Only approved setting under this STC. For
aircraft with a maximum gross weight less
than 15,500 lbs.
Stall speed is used in the air/ground
determination. Select closest option.
This input determines the on-ground status
of the aircraft (i.e., airborne/on-ground
switch).
GND (0V) = Airborne
Transponder
VFR Squawk Code:
GPS
Source:
Lon Antenna Offset:
1200
Only approved setting under this STC.
Internal
Select if GDL 82 with GPS/SBAS is used.
GNS Series
Select if external GPS source (via RS-232)
is a GNS 400W/500W Series Navigator.
ADS-B+ Format 2
Select if external GPS source (via RS-232)
is a GTN 6XX/7XX or GNS 480.
1 – 50
Installer must measure to determine an
accurate GPS (longitudinal) Antenna
Offset from the nose of the aircraft.
(Feet from nose)
ADS-B
Not Installed
Installed
Capable
1090 ES Receive Capable:
Not Capable
Capable
UAT Receive Capable:
Not Capable
GDL 82 Mooney M20( ) Series STC Installation Manual
Anonymous Mode Switch: [3]
Page 38 of 49
Select if optional switch is installed and
connected to discrete.
Select Capable if there is an ADS-B IN
receiver in the aircraft, such as a GDL 39()
or GDL 51/52.
190-01810-10
Rev. 1
[1]
If the tail number is recognized as a US registered tail number, the ICAO address can be automatically filled
by the GDL 82 by selecting the Compute ICAO button. It must be verified against the aircraft registration
records.
[2]
Use the aircraft landing configuration stall speed (Vs0) as specified in the aircraft pilot operating handbook
(POH) or aircraft approved flight manual supplement (AFMS).
[3]
The discrete input/output are active-low that are grounded when active/set and open when inactive/clear.
5.2.3
External GPS Source Configuration
The GDL 82 can be interfaced to a Garmin GTN 6XX/7XX series navigator, GNS 400W/500W series
navigator, or GNS 480 navigator as an external GPS sources. GPS navigators interfaced to GDL 82
provide GPS PVT data via RS-232. Required navigator software version and configuration setting are
shown in Table 5-2. Interfacing a GDL 82 to a navigator other than that listed in Table 5-2 requires
separate airworthiness approval. For the Garmin GPS navigators, the GPS/WAAS engine software must
be 5.0 (or later) to meet the ADS-B Out position source requirements specified in 14 CFR 91.227.
Table 5-2: External GPS Source Configuration Settings
ITEM
CONFIGURATION
NOTES
GTN 6XX/7XX
RS-232 Configuration / Output / RS-232 1 – 6
ADS-B+ Format 2
SW version 6.41 (or later)
GNS 4XXW/5XXW
MAIN RS232 CONFIG / OUTPUT / CHNL 1 – 5
SERIAL SETUP CH 3
ADSB TFC
GNS 480
TX: ADS-B OUT+
BAUD: 38400
SW version 5.30 (or later)
SW version 2.4 (or later)
To configure the GTN 6XX/7XX:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Push and hold the HOME key of the GTN 6XX/7XX unit.
Power on the GTN 6XX/7XX unit.
Release the HOME key when the display shows.
Select the GTN Setup page.
Select the RS-232 page.
Configure the RS-232 Port that is interfaced to the GDL 82 as specified in Table 5-2.
To configure the GNS 400W/500W Series Navigators:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Push and hold the ENT key of the GNS 400W/500W Series unit.
Power on the GNS 400W/500W Series unit.
Release the ENT key when the display activates.
While in configuration mode, rotate the small right knob to select pages.
To change data on the configuration page:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Push the small right knob to select the cursor.
Rotate the large right knob to move between data fields.
Rotate the small right knob to change a highlighted field.
Push the ENT key to accept the entry.
Configure the RS-232 Port that is interfaced to the GDL 82 as specified in Table 5-2.
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190-01810-10
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To configure the GNS 480:
1. Power on the GNS 480 unit.
2. Push, in sequence, line select key 1, line select key 4, and the MENU/ENTER key to enter
Ground Maintenance mode.
3. From the SETUP page, select SERIAL PORTS.
4. Configure the Serial (RS-232) Port Channel 3 as specified in Table 5-2.
NOTE
The GNS 480 Serial Port Channel 3 is the only port that provides the ADS-B OUT+ format for an
external GPS source to the GDL 82.
5.3 Ground Checks (Configuration Mode)
Each installation of the GDL 82 must be checked by performing the following procedures:
•
GDL 82 System Faults
•
Internal GPS Receiver
•
External GPS Source
•
Transponder (ADS-B) Interface
•
Discrete Input and Output
5.3.1
GDL 82 System Faults
Diagnostics / Faults and Diagnostics / ADS-B pages in the GDL 8X Install Tool can be used to check
that the GDL 82 is receiving data from the interfacing system(s).
Any annunciated failures on the Faults page should be corrected prior to proceeding with the ground
checks. The Configuration Fault will activate if the GDL 82 system configuration was not set properly.
See Table 5-1 for proper GDL 82 configuration settings.
Refer to the Instructions for Continued Airworthiness & Maintenance Manual, GDL 82 Mooney M20()
Series STC (Garmin document 190-01810-11), for troubleshooting, if needed.
5.3.2
Internal GPS/SBAS Receiver
The GPS checkouts described in this section are applicable for installations of the GDL 82 unit with
internal GPS/SBAS receiver (Garmin P/N 011-03946-40). GDL 82 and transponder should be powered
on while all other avionics be turned off at the start of this test.
NOTE
After initial installation, the initial acquisition of GPS position can take up to 20 minutes.
Subsequent acquisitions should not take as long.
NOTE
A VHF COM interference check must be completed on all GDL 82 with GPS/SBAS installations.
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Go to the Diagnostics / GPS page in the GDL 8X Install Tool and verify the following:
•
Source: Internal (green)
•
Time Mark: Active (green)
•
Interface Status: Receiving (green)
•
Nav Status: 3D Fix or 3D Diff Fix (green)
If the unit is unable to acquire satellites, move the aircraft away from obstructions which might be
shading GPS reception. If the GPS solution does not improve, check the GPS antenna installation.
Special care should be taken to ensure there is no interference with the GDL 82 system that is installed in
the aircraft equipped with non-aviation radios. If interference is found, it may be addressed by relocating
the antennas, rerouting cables, using filters to attenuate unintentional harmonic frequency transmissions,
or using various other techniques for elimination of the interference. It may be necessary to remove or
replace the interfering radio with a model that does not interfere with the proper functioning of the GDL
82.
Once GPS position information is available, perform the following steps:
1. On the Diagnostics / GPS page, verify the Latitude and Longitude with a known reference position.
2. While monitoring the GPS page, turn on other avionics one at a time and check the “Nav Status,” and
ensure a 3D Fix or 3D Diff Fix is maintained.
3. Select 121.150 MHz on the COM transceiver and transmit for a period of 35 seconds.
4. Verify that Nav Status remains 3D Fix or 3D Diff Fix.
5. Repeat steps 3 and 4 for the following frequencies:
•
121.170 MHz
•
121.200 MHz
•
121.220 MHz
•
121.250 MHz
•
131.200 MHz
•
131.220 MHz
•
131.250 MHz
•
131.270 MHz
•
131.300 MHz
•
131.320 MHz
•
131.350 MHz
6. For VHF radios with 8.33 KHz channel spacing, in addition to frequencies in step 5, include the
following frequencies:
•
121.185 MHz
•
121.190 MHz
•
130.285 MHz
•
131.290 MHz
7. Repeat steps 3 through 6 for all remaining COM transceivers in the aircraft.
8. If the aircraft is SATCOM-equipped, use the SATCOM system and verify the GPS remains valid.
5.3.3
External GPS Source
The GPS checkouts described in this section are applicable to installations with external GPS source
providing position information. The GDL 82 can only receive GPS data from one source. If the following
steps do not perform correctly, check the electrical connections on Figure 4-7 and the GDL 82 and GPS
Source configuration settings in Table 5-1 and Table 5-2.
Allow the external GPS source to acquire a position fix. In the GDL 8X Install Tool, go to the
Diagnostics / GPS page, verify the following:
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190-01810-10
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•
Source: External (green)
•
Time Mark: Active (green)
•
Interface Status: Receiving (green)
•
Nav Status: 3D Fix or 3D Diff Fix (green)
5.3.4
Transponder (ADS-B) Interface
Perform the following steps to verify the GDL 82 receives the correct transponder information:
1. In the GDL 8X Install Tool, go to Diagnostics / ADS-B page.
2. Select ON or ALT mode on the transponder.
3. Verify that the Interface Status field indicates Receiving.
4. Verify that the Mode field indicates the same as the active transponder (e.g., ON or ALT).
5. Verify that the Pressure Altitude field agrees with the active altitude source.
6. Verify the selected Squawk Code agrees with the active transponder.
7. Activate the IDENT function on the transponder and verify the IDENT Status changes from
inactive to active.
8. If the transponder is not already in ALT mode, switch it to ALT mode.
9. Verify the following in the UAT section:
a. Address matches the ICAO address of the registration certificate of the aircraft.
b. Flight ID is the correct N-number of the aircraft.
c. Air/Ground Status indicates On Ground.
Verify the electrical connections in Figure 4-7 and configuration settings in Table 5-1 and Table 5-2 if the
check does not perform correctly.
5.3.5
Discrete Inputs and Output
Discrete input and output checks verify that optional external switches and/or annunciator are correctly
interfaced to the GDL 82. Wiring should be verified to ensure there is no ground shorted if the check
does not perform correctly.
The GDL 8X Install Tool’s Diagnostics / Discretes page displays the status of the two discrete inputs and
single output. The state of the discrete output may be selected for checking the failure annunciator.
1. If the Airspeed Gear Switch (i.e., Squat Switch for air/ground determination) is installed, verify
the Squat Switch indicates Active – GND (0V) when the switch provides a ground signal, and
Inactive - Open when the switch provides an open signal.
2. If an Anonymous Mode switch is installed, verify the Anonymous Mode Switch discrete
indicates Active - GND (0V) when the switch is in the ENABLED position and Inactive – Open
when the switch is in the DISABLED position.
3. If an ADS-B Failure Annunciator is installed and connected to the GDL 82, deselect the Failure
Annunciation discrete (corresponding box is not checked and displays Inactive - Open), and
verify the annunciator indicates no failure (lamp is extinguished).
GDL 82 Mooney M20( ) Series STC Installation Manual
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Page 42 of 49
4. Select the Failure Annunciation discrete to active (corresponding box is checked and displays
Active – GND (0V)), and verify the annunciator indicates an ADS-B OUT FAIL (lamp is
illuminated).
5. Deselect the Failure Annunciation discrete (corresponding box is not checked and displays
Inactive).
5.4 Ground Checks (Normal Mode)
Each installation of the GDL 82 must be checked by performing the following procedures:
•
Regulatory Test
•
ADS-B Out Test
•
EMC Check
NOTE
The GDL 82 must be disconnected from the GDL 8X Install Tool and USB to be in Normal Mode
and continue with the regulatory and ADS-B Out ground check procedures.
NOTE
It may take the GPS source several minutes to acquire a GPS signal.
If the optional ADS-B OUT FAIL annunciator was installed, verify that no failure indication is present,
with all avionics powered on including the GDL 82, in normal mode. Operate the test function of each
annunciator lamp and verify the annunciator illuminates.
5.4.1
Regulatory Test
Regulatory ATC Transponder Tests and Inspections are required in accordance with 14 CFR Part 91.413
and Part 43 Appendix F. Aircraft transponder and GDL 82 must operate in normal mode during the test.
The test requires the use of a Mode A/C transponder ramp tester such as an Aeroflex IFR-6000 or TIC
TR-220.
5.4.2
ADS-B Out Test
The ADS-B Out test procedures require the use of an ADS-B Out ramp tester such as an Aeroflex IFR6000 or GDL 39(R/3D)/52 combined with the Garmin Pilot Application on an iOS device. The aircraft
must be located where a GPS signal is receivable (e.g., outdoors with a clear unobstructed view of the
sky).
1. Power on the aircraft/avionics.
2. Ensure the GPS source has acquired a position.
3. Ensure the transponder is in ALT mode.
4. Using the ADS-B test set, verify the following ADS-B Out parameters are transmitted:
a. Aircraft emitter category is Light Airplane (< 15,000 lbs).
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b. Aircraft is transmitting On-Ground status.
c. Aircraft Length & Width code is 1. [1]
d. NACv ≥ 1
e. SDA ≥ 2
f.
SIL ≥ 3
g. NACp ≥ 8
h. NIC ≥ 7
5. Verify the ADS-B Out parameter for Pressure Altitude is transmitted.
[1] An aircraft length/width code of ‘1’ corresponds to aircraft length ≤ 15m and width ≤ 23m.
5.4.3
Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) Check
An EMC check must be performed after all interfaces between GDL 82 and external equipment
connected to it have been verified to function properly. The EMC check verifies the GDL 82 is not
producing unacceptable interference to the other avionics systems, and other avionics systems are not
producing unacceptable interference to the GDL 82. An example EMC Source/Victim matrix is shown in
Figure 5-2.
NOTE
Removing power from systems interfaced to the GDL 82 may cause the ADS-B OUT FAIL
annunciator to illuminate. This is normal behavior and does not constitute a test failure.
NOTE
Before applying power to the next system, wait for the current system start up sequence to finish.
For each installed avionics unit, verify that no Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) is present by observing
operation of the other installed avionics equipment while the GDL 82 is powered on.
1. Make a list of equipment installed in the aircraft and prepare a form with each item listed in the
Source row and Victim column, as shown in the example form in Figure 5-2.
2. Apply power to all systems except the Transponder and GDL 82 pair and verify they all function
properly.
3. Connect a PC to the GDL 82 via USB.
4. Apply power to the Transponder/GDL 82 pair and launch the GDL 8X Install Tool.
5. Remove power from all other avionics systems.
6. One at a time, apply power and operate the systems listed in the installed equipment form.
7. Verify there are no active faults on the GDL 8X Install Tool Diagnostics / Faults page and each
system functions properly.
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For VHF COM Radios:
a. Monitor one local frequency, one remote (far field) frequency, and one unused frequency.
b. Verify no unintended squelch breaks or audio tones interfere with communications.
For VHF NAV Radios:
a. Monitor one local frequency, one remote (far field) frequency, and one unused frequency.
b. Verify there are no guidance errors.
c. Verify no audio tones interfere with the station ID.
8. Repeat steps 6 through 8 until every applicable system listed in the form has been checked.
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Figure 5-2: Example EMC Source / Victim Matrix
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6
RETURN TO SERVICE
Aircraft return to service with GDL 82 system installed can be accomplished after the following aircraft
documentation is updated:
•
Instruction for Continued Airworthiness
•
Aircraft Weight & Balance
•
AFMS
6.1 Instructions for Continued Airworthiness (ICA)
Use checkout log sheet contained in Appendix A of the Instructions for Continued Airworthiness &
Maintenance Manual, GDL 82 Mooney M20() Series STC, Garmin P/N 190-01810-11 to record aircraft
information and system configuration settings, including the following:
1. Aircraft and GDL 82 unit information:
a. Aircraft make
b. Aircraft model
c. Aircraft registration number
d. Aircraft serial number
e. GDL 82 part number
f. GDL 82 serial number
g. GDL 82 software version
h. Fill in the configuration settings log (documented in Section 5.2.2)
2. Electrical load analysis (documented in Section 3.5).
3. List of equipment interfaced to the GDL 82.
4. Wire routing diagram documenting the actual location in the aircraft (diagram from the
installation manual with marked-up detail of routing is acceptable).
5. Interconnect diagrams for GDL 82 and all interfaced equipment (interconnect diagrams from the
installation manual with marked-up details of connections to installed equipment are acceptable).
6. GDL 82 Post Installation Checkout Log.
Completed STC ICA/MM log sheet must be retained with aircraft permanent records.
6.2 Aircraft Weight and Balance
Aircraft weight and balance must be updated after the installation of the GDL 82 is complete. Figure 6-1
lists the unit weight and example arm and moment values for the GDL 82 Option 1 installation example
shown in Figure 3-1. Figure 6-2 shows the example arm and moment values for the GDL 82 Option 2 &
3 installation example shown in Figure 3-2 and Figure 3-3, respectively.
The arm and moments must be verified for every installation.
Aircraft weight and balance must be performed in accordance with the aircraft maintenance or flight
manual procedures for leveling and weighing. The aircraft empty weight center of gravity (CG) with GDL
82 installed must be within type design limits, as specified in aircraft POH or AFM.
NOTE
Weights specified in Figure 6-1 and Figure 6-2 include GDL 82 unit and connectors. Refer to
Table 1-4 for basic dimensions of the unit.
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Figure 6-1: Option 1 Weight & Balance Example
Figure 6-2: Option 2 & 3 Weight and Balance Example
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6.3 Airplane Flight Manual Supplement (AFMS)
The Airplane Flight Manual Supplement (AFMS) must be completed and inserted in the Airplane Flight
Manual (AFM) or Pilot’s Operating Handbook (POH), along with any operating limitations of the
aircraft.
Section 1.4 of the Airplane Flight Manual Supplement for the Garmin GDL 82 Mooney M20 Series, 19001810-12, is intended to specify the installation configuration for the GDL 82 system. It is the
responsibility of the installer to mark in the appropriate boxes in the AFMS with indelible ink using the
following information for guidance.
1. Fill in the required airplane information in the AFMS.
2. Fill in the appropriate check boxes in the Installation Configuration section of the AFMS as
described below:
a. Equipment Installed:
i. [1] GDL 82 (external GPS/SBAS source required) [Garmin P/N: 011-03946-00]
OR
ii. [2] GDL 82 w/ Internal GPS/SBAS [Garmin P/N: 011-03946-40]
AND
iii. Fill in the Make & Model of the companion Mode A/C transponder.
b. Interfaced GPS/SBAS Position Source:
i. [1] Internal
OR
ii. [2] GTN 6XX/7XX
iii. [3] GNS 400W/500W Series
iv. [4] GNS 480
3. Fill in the appropriate check boxes in the Limitations Section of the AFMS corresponding to the
maximum aircraft operating altitude and Anonymous Mode Switch Installation:
a. Aircraft Operational Ceiling:
i. [1] 18,000 feet (UAT Operating Altitude Limit per AC 20-165B)
OR
ii. [2] 15,000 feet (Class B Transponder Equipment Operating Altitude Limit per 14
CFR Part 91.413). Reference Section 3.3. This option must be selected if the
transponder does not meet the transmit power requirements for Class A
Equipment specified in 14 CFR Part 91.413.
b. Anonymous Mode Switch Installed
i. [1] YES (comply with anonymous mode operation limitations in AFMS)
OR
ii. [2] NO
4. Insert the completed AFMS into the AFM or POH.
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