Garmin | G3X Touch™ for Certificated Aircraft | Garmin G3X Touch™ for Certificated Aircraft G3X Touch Pilot's Guide for Certified Aircraft

Garmin G3X Touch™ for Certificated Aircraft G3X Touch Pilot's Guide for Certified Aircraft
G3X™ Touch
Pilot's Guide for Certified Aircraft
SYSTEM OVERVIEW
FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS
EIS
CNS INTERFACE
GPS NAVIGATION
FLIGHT PLANNING
HAZARD AVOIDANCE
ADDITIONAL FEATURES
AFCS
ANNUNCIATIONS & ALERTS
APPENDIX
INDEX
©2019 Garmin Ltd. or its subsidiaries. All rights reserved.
This manual reflects the operation of System Software version 8.00 or later. Some differences
in operation may be observed when comparing the information in this manual to earlier or later
software versions.
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Garmin Product Support: www.fly.garmin.com
Web Site Address: www.garmin.com
Except as expressly provided herein, no part of this manual may be reproduced, copied,
transmitted, disseminated, downloaded or stored in any storage medium, for any purpose without
the express written permission of Garmin. Garmin hereby grants permission to download a
single copy of this manual and of any revision to this manual onto a hard drive or other electronic
storage medium to be viewed for personal use, provided that such electronic or printed copy
of this manual or revision must contain the complete text of this copyright notice and provided
further that any unauthorized commercial distribution of this manual or any revision hereto is
strictly prohibited.
Garmin®, FliteCharts®, SafeTaxi®, and MapSource® are registered trademarks of Garmin Ltd. or
its subsidiaries. ANT+™ and G3X Touch™ are trademarks of Garmin Ltd. or its subsidiaries. These
trademarks may not be used without the express permission of Garmin.
Jeppesen® is a registered trademark of Jeppesen, Inc.
NavData™ is a trademark of Jeppesen, Inc.
SiriusXM Weather is provided by SiriusXM Satellite Radio, Inc.
SiriusXM Radio is provided by SiriusXM Satellite Radio, Inc.
The Bluetooth® word mark and logos are registered trademarks owned by Bluetooth SIG, Inc. and
any use of such marks by Garmin is under license
This product is ANT+™ certified. Visit www.thisisant.com/directory for a list of compatible products
and apps.
March, 2019
190-02472-00 Rev. A
Printed in the U.S.A.
Warnings, Cautions & Notes
WARNING: Navigation and terrain separation must NOT be predicated upon
the use of the terrain function. The G3X Touch Terrain Proximity feature is
NOT intended to be used as a primary reference for terrain avoidance and
does not relieve the pilot from the responsibility of being aware of surroundings during flight. The Terrain Proximity feature is only to be used as an aid
for terrain avoidance and is not certified for use in applications requiring a
certified terrain awareness system. Terrain data is obtained from third party
sources. Garmin is not able to independently verify the accuracy of the terrain
data.
WARNING: To reduce the risk of unsafe operation, carefully review and
understand all aspects of the G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide documentation and
the Pilot’s Operating Handbook of the aircraft. Thoroughly practice basic
operation prior to actual use. During flight operations, carefully compare
indications from the G3X Touch to all available navigation sources, including
the information from other NAVAIDs, visual sightings, charts, etc. For safety
purposes, always resolve any discrepancies before continuing navigation.
WARNING: The displayed minimum safe altitudes (MSAs) are only advisory
in nature and should not be relied upon as the sole source of obstacle and
terrain avoidance information. Always refer to current aeronautical charts
for appropriate minimum clearance altitudes.
WARNING: The altitude calculated by G3X Touch internal GPS receivers is
geometric height above Mean Sea Level and could vary significantly from
the altitude displayed by pressure altimeters. Always use pressure altitude
displayed by the G3X Touch PFD when determining or selecting aircraft altitude.
WARNING: Do not use outdated database information. Databases used in
the G3X Touch system must be updated regularly in order to ensure that
the information remains current. Pilots using any outdated database do so
entirely at their own risk.
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
190-02472-00 Rev. A
Warnings, Cautions & Notes
WARNING: Do not use data link weather information for maneuvering in,
near, or around areas of hazardous weather. Information contained within
data link weather products may not accurately depict current weather conditions.
WARNING: Do not use the indicated data link weather product age to determine the age of the weather information shown by the data link weather
product. Due to time delays inherent in gathering and processing weather
data for data link transmission, the weather information shown by the data
link weather product may be significantly older than the indicated weather
product age.
WARNING: The data contained in the terrain and obstacle databases comes
from government agencies. Garmin accurately processes and cross-validates
the data, but cannot guarantee the accuracy and completeness of the data.
WARNING: The illustrations in this guide are only examples. Never use the
G3X Touch to attempt to penetrate a thunderstorm. Both the FAA Advisory
Circular, Subject: Thunderstorms, and the Aeronautical Information Manual
(AIM) recommend avoiding “by at least 20 miles any thunderstorm identified
as severe or giving an intense radar echo.”
WARNING: Because of variation in the earth’s magnetic field, operating the
G3X Touch within the following areas could result in loss of reliable heading
indications. North of 72° North latitude at all longitudes; South of 70° South
latitude at all longitudes; North of 65° North latitude between longitude
75° W and 120° W. (Northern Canada); North of 70° North latitude between
longitude 70° W and 128° W. (Northern Canada); North of 70° North latitude
between longitude 85° E and 114° E. (Northern Russia); South of 55° South
latitude between longitude 120° E and 165° E. (Region south of Australia
and New Zealand)
190-02472-00 Rev. A
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
Warnings, Cautions & Notes
WARNING: The United States government operates the Global Positioning
System and is solely responsible for its accuracy and maintenance. The GPS
system is subject to changes which could affect the accuracy and performance
of all GPS equipment. Portions of the Garmin G3X Touch utilize GPS as a
precision electronic NAVigation AID (NAVAID). Therefore, as with all NAVAIDs,
information presented by the G3X Touch can be misused or misinterpreted
and, therefore, become unsafe.
WARNING: Do not use basemap (land and water data) information for
primary navigation. Basemap data is intended only to supplement other
approved navigation data sources and should be considered as an aid to
enhance situational awareness.
WARNING: Do not use the approach information provided by the VFR navigation database residing within the G3X Touch as a means of navigating any
instrument approach. The G3X Touch VFR navigation database is limited to
present only the waypoints for the final approach leg of a published procedure.
These waypoints and associated course line are made available for monitoring
purposes only.
WARNING: Do not rely solely upon the display of traffic information for collision avoidance maneuvering. The traffic display does not provide collision
avoidance resolution advisories and does not under any circumstances or
conditions relieve the pilot’s responsibility to see and avoid other aircraft.
WARNING: Do not rely solely upon the display of traffic information to
accurately depict all of the traffic within range of the aircraft. Due to lack
of equipment, poor signal reception, and/or inaccurate information from
aircraft or ground stations, traffic may be present that is not represented on
the display.
WARNING: For safety reasons, G3X Touch operational procedures must be
learned on the ground.
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
190-02472-00 Rev. A
Warnings, Cautions & Notes
CAUTION: The display uses a lens with a special coating that may be
sensitive to abrasive cleaners, etc. CLEANERS CONTAINING AMMONIA OR
SOLVENTS MAY HARM THIS COATING. It is very important to clean the lens
using a clean, lint-free cloth (such as the Garmin cleaning cloth). Avoid any
chemical cleaners or solvents that can damage plastic components.
CAUTION: The Garmin G3X Touch does not contain any user-serviceable
parts. Repairs should only be made by an authorized Garmin service center.
Unauthorized repairs or modifications could void both the warranty and the
pilot’s authority to operate this device under FAA/FCC regulations.
NOTE: The Garmin G3X Touch has a very high degree of functional integrity.
However, the pilot must recognize that providing monitoring and/or selftest capability for all conceivable system failures is not practical. Although
unlikely, it may be possible for erroneous operation to occur without a fault
indication shown by the G3X Touch. It is thus the responsibility of the pilot
to detect such an occurrence by means of cross-checking with all redundant
or correlated information available in the cockpit.
NOTE: All visual depictions contained within this document, including screen
images of the G3X Touch panel and displays, are subject to change and may
not reflect the most current G3X Touch system and aviation databases. Depictions of equipment may differ slightly from the actual equipment.
NOTE: This product, its packaging, and its components contain chemicals
known to the State of California to cause cancer, birth defects, or reproductive
harm. This notice is being provided in accordance with California’s Proposition
65. If you have any questions or would like additional information, please
refer to our web site at www.garmin.com/prop65.
NOTE: Interference from GPS repeaters operating inside nearby hangars can
cause an intermittent loss of attitude and heading displays while the aircraft
is on the ground. Moving the aircraft more than 100 yards away from the
source of the interference should alleviate the condition.
190-02472-00 Rev. A
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
Warnings, Cautions & Notes
NOTE: Use of polarized eyewear may cause the flight displays to appear dim
or blank.
NOTE: Temporary Flight Restriction (TFR) data is provided by the FAA and
may not be updated outside of normal business hours. Confirm data currency
through alternate sources and contact your local FSS for interpretation of TFR
data.
NOTE: Unless otherwise specified, all screen images contained within this
document are taken from the GDU 460 display. The GDU 470 screen images
will vary slightly from the GDU 460.
NOTE: The GDU 4XX automatically logs flight data including, but not limited
to, primary flight data, engine parameters, and system status information. This
data can be downloaded to an SD card, when the aircraft is on the ground.
The downloaded data can be viewed using common computer software.
It is not possible to disable the logging of this data or to manually delete
logged data. Logged data will be stored only on the GDU 4XX and will not
be transmitted or transferred to Garmin or to any other third party, with
the exception of government agencies investigating an accident or incident
involving your aircraft and/or the parties to any resulting legal proceedings
that may be related to the aircraft accident or incident.
NOTE: The Bluetooth® word mark and logos are registered trademarks owned
by Bluetooth SIG, Inc. and any use of such marks by Garmin is under license.
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
190-02472-00 Rev. A
Part Number
190-02472-00
Rev
Date
A March, 2019
190-02472-00 Rev. A
Change Summary
Initial release
Description
Production Release
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
190-02472-00 Rev. A
Table of Contents
Section 1 System Overview................................................................................................... 1
1.1 Line Replaceable Units...................................................................................................... 1
G3X Touch System................................................................................................................ 6
External Navigators (Optional) .............................................................................................. 9
ADS-B Devices (Optional).................................................................................................... 10
Automatic Flight Control System.......................................................................................... 11
1.2 Display Overview............................................................................................................. 11
1.3 Secure Digital (SD) Cards............................................................................................... 13
1.4 System Power-up............................................................................................................. 13
1.5 System Operation............................................................................................................ 14
Split Mode.......................................................................................................................... 14
PFD/MFD Display Configuration........................................................................................... 16
AHRS Operation.................................................................................................................. 20
1.6 Accessing System Functionality.................................................................................... 21
Menus................................................................................................................................ 21
Data Entry........................................................................................................................... 22
Pages.................................................................................................................................. 23
1.7 Accessing Additional Information................................................................................ 26
Viewing GPS Receiver Status............................................................................................... 26
Position............................................................................................................................... 29
Transponder........................................................................................................................ 30
Data Bar Setup.................................................................................................................... 31
General Display information................................................................................................ 33
Display setup...................................................................................................................... 34
Units Setup......................................................................................................................... 38
Time Setup.......................................................................................................................... 39
Map Setup.......................................................................................................................... 39
Position Setup..................................................................................................................... 39
Alarms Setup...................................................................................................................... 40
Airspace Setup.................................................................................................................... 41
Bluetooth Setup.................................................................................................................. 41
PFD Setup........................................................................................................................... 41
Navigation Setup................................................................................................................ 42
Keyboard Setup................................................................................................................... 42
Section 2 Flight Instruments................................................................................................ 43
2.1 Flight Instruments............................................................................................................ 43
Attitude Indicator................................................................................................................ 48
Altimeter............................................................................................................................. 50
Vertical Speed Indicator (VSI)............................................................................................... 54
Vertical Deviation Indicator and VNAV Indicator................................................................... 54
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Table of Contents
Horizontal Situation Indicator (HSI)...................................................................................... 57
Turn Rate Indicator.............................................................................................................. 69
OBS Mode.......................................................................................................................... 69
2.2 Supplemental Flight Data.............................................................................................. 71
Outside Air Temperature...................................................................................................... 71
Wind Data.......................................................................................................................... 72
User Timer........................................................................................................................... 72
2.3 Vertical Navigation (VNAV)............................................................................................. 73
Using the VNAV Feature...................................................................................................... 75
Section 3 Engine Indication System................................................................................. 77
3.1
3.3
3.4
3.5
EIS Display & ENG Page.................................................................................................. 77
Lean Assist Mode (Optional).......................................................................................... 80
Fuel Calculator (Optional).............................................................................................. 84
CAS Messages................................................................................................................... 85
Section 4 CNS Interface........................................................................................................... 87
4.1 CNS interface.................................................................................................................... 87
4.2 Auto-tuning Frequencies (Optional)............................................................................ 88
4.3 COM Radio (Optional)..................................................................................................... 90
Automatic Squelch.............................................................................................................. 93
Error Messages................................................................................................................... 93
4.4 Remote Transponder Interface (Optional)................................................................. 95
Transponder CODE and Mode Selection............................................................................... 97
ADS-B Out.......................................................................................................................... 99
Flight ID Reporting............................................................................................................ 100
Additional Transponder Messages...................................................................................... 100
Section 5 GPS Navigation..................................................................................................... 101
5.1 Introduction..................................................................................................................... 101
Compass Arc..................................................................................................................... 101
5.2 Using Map Displays........................................................................................................ 102
Map Page Setup................................................................................................................ 103
Map Range....................................................................................................................... 106
Map Panning.................................................................................................................... 107
Fuel Range Ring................................................................................................................ 108
Glide Range Ring.............................................................................................................. 109
Best Airport Bearing Pointer............................................................................................... 111
Best Airport Line............................................................................................................... 113
Selected Altitude Intercept Arc........................................................................................... 113
Measuring Bearing and Distance....................................................................................... 114
Topography....................................................................................................................... 114
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Table of Contents
5.3
5.4
5.5
5.6
Map Page Traffic................................................................................................................ 115
Map Symbols.................................................................................................................... 115
Airways............................................................................................................................. 117
Waypoints........................................................................................................................ 119
Automatic Waypoint Selection........................................................................................... 122
Nearest Information.......................................................................................................... 122
Weather Information......................................................................................................... 124
Intersections..................................................................................................................... 124
NDBs................................................................................................................................ 124
VORs................................................................................................................................ 125
User Waypoints................................................................................................................. 126
Airspace............................................................................................................................ 128
Airspace Alert Messages.................................................................................................... 129
Smart Airspace™ and Altitude Overlays............................................................................... 129
Direct-to Navigation Using the G3X Touch............................................................... 131
Section 6 Flight Planning...................................................................................................... 133
6.1 Introduction..................................................................................................................... 133
Flight Plan Data Fields....................................................................................................... 134
Manually Switching Between Internal and External Flight Plan Sources............................... 134
Failure of the External GPS Navigation Source.................................................................... 134
6.2 Flight Plan Creation Using the G3X Touch................................................................ 135
6.3 Flight Plan Storage Using the G3X Touch................................................................. 137
6.4 Flight Plan Activation Using the G3X Touch............................................................. 138
6.5 Flight Plan Editing.......................................................................................................... 139
Adding Waypoints to an Existing Flight Plan....................................................................... 139
Editing Flight Plan Speed, Fuel, and/or Name..................................................................... 140
Copying Flight Plans.......................................................................................................... 142
Deleting Flight Plans......................................................................................................... 142
Inverting a Flight Plan....................................................................................................... 143
Importing/Exporting Flight Plans........................................................................................ 144
6.6 Approaches (Without External Navigator Configured)......................................... 145
Selecting an Approach....................................................................................................... 146
Activating Vectors-to-Final................................................................................................. 147
Section 7 Hazard Avoidance............................................................................................... 149
7.1 Weather Information..................................................................................................... 149
Weather Source................................................................................................................ 149
Data Link Weather (Optional)............................................................................................ 150
7.2 Terrain............................................................................................................................... 177
Synthetic Vision................................................................................................................. 178
Terrain Information............................................................................................................ 178
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Table of Contents
Terrain Views..................................................................................................................... 178
Terrain Settings................................................................................................................. 180
Terrain Alerts..................................................................................................................... 181
7.3 Traffic Systems................................................................................................................ 183
Traffic Source.................................................................................................................... 183
Traffic Prioritization........................................................................................................... 184
Traffic Information Service (TIS-A) (Optional)...................................................................... 185
Garmin GTS 800 Traffic (Optional)..................................................................................... 190
Data Link Traffic (Optional)................................................................................................ 197
Section 8 Additional Features............................................................................................ 209
8.1 Synthetic Vision (SVX)................................................................................................... 210
Synthetic Vision Operation................................................................................................. 212
8.2 SafeTaxi® ......................................................................................................................... 223
SafeTaxi Cycle Number and Revision.................................................................................. 224
8.3 ChartView........................................................................................................................ 224
Aircraft Symbol................................................................................................................. 226
Chart Range...................................................................................................................... 226
Navigation Database-published NOTAMs........................................................................... 227
8.4 FliteCharts® ..................................................................................................................... 228
Aircraft Symbol................................................................................................................. 231
Chart Range...................................................................................................................... 231
FliteCharts Cycle Number and Expiration Date................................................................... 231
8.5 Airport Directory Data.................................................................................................. 231
8.6 SiriusXM Radio Entertainment (Optional)................................................................. 233
Activating SiriusXM Satellite Radio Services....................................................................... 233
Using SiriusXM Radio......................................................................................................... 234
8.7 Electronic Checklists (Optional).................................................................................. 235
8.8 Flight Data Logging....................................................................................................... 236
8.9 Connext Cockpit Connectivity..................................................................................... 236
8.10 Electronic Stability & Protection (ESP-X)................................................................... 242
Roll Engagement............................................................................................................... 244
Pitch Engagement............................................................................................................. 246
Airspeed Protection........................................................................................................... 248
Section 9 Automatic Flight Control Systems (Optional)..................................... 249
AFCS System Architecture ................................................................................................. 249
G3X Touch AFCS Status Box.............................................................................................. 251
9.1 AFCS Operation............................................................................................................... 252
AFCS PRE-FLIGHT Actions.................................................................................................. 253
AFCS Controls................................................................................................................... 254
Flight Director Operation................................................................................................... 259
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Table of Contents
9.2 Vertical Modes................................................................................................................. 263
Pitch Hold Mode (PIT)....................................................................................................... 265
Selected Altitude Capture Mode (ALTS).............................................................................. 266
Vertical Speed Mode (VS).................................................................................................. 269
Indicated Airspeed Mode (IAS)........................................................................................... 270
Vertical Navigation Mode (VNAV)...................................................................................... 270
VNAV Target Altitude Capture Mode (ALTV)....................................................................... 272
Glidepath Mode (GP) (with external WAAS enabled IFR navigator ONLY)............................ 273
Glideslope Mode (GS)....................................................................................................... 274
Go Around (GA) and Takeoff (TO) Modes........................................................................... 275
9.3 Lateral Modes.................................................................................................................. 275
Roll Hold Mode (ROL)........................................................................................................ 277
Heading Select Mode (HDG).............................................................................................. 278
Track Select Mode (TRK).................................................................................................... 279
Navigation Modes (GPS, VOR, LOC, BC)............................................................................. 279
Approaches without Vertical Guidance............................................................................... 284
Approaches with Lateral + Vertical Guidance..................................................................... 287
Section 10 Annunciations & Alerts.................................................................................. 291
10.1 Miscellaneous Message Advisories.......................................................................... 291
10.2 Airspace Messages....................................................................................................... 292
10.3 System Status Messages............................................................................................ 293
System Status Messages.................................................................................................... 294
10.4 Audio Alerts................................................................................................................... 297
Voice Alerts....................................................................................................................... 297
10.5 PFD Annunciations and Alerting Functions............................................................ 298
CAS Messages.................................................................................................................. 298
Terrain Annunciations........................................................................................................ 299
Traffic Annunciations......................................................................................................... 299
AHRS Alerts (Optional)...................................................................................................... 300
AFCS Alerts (Optional)....................................................................................................... 301
Section 11 Appendices.......................................................................................................... 303
Appendix A: Data Field Options........................................................................................ 303
Appendix B: Utilities............................................................................................................ 311
Flight Log.......................................................................................................................... 311
Track log........................................................................................................................... 314
Track Vector...................................................................................................................... 318
Weight & Balance............................................................................................................. 320
Proximity Waypoints and Alarms........................................................................................ 322
Appendix C: SD Card Use and Databases........................................................................ 325
Installing and Removing SD Cards..................................................................................... 325
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Table of Contents
G3X Touch Databases....................................................................................................... 326
Updating G3X Touch Databases........................................................................................ 329
Importing/Exporting Flight Plans To/From the SD Card........................................................ 332
Flight Data Logging........................................................................................................... 332
Appendix D: Map Datum and Location Formats............................................................ 333
Map Datums..................................................................................................................... 333
Location Formats............................................................................................................... 333
Appendix E: General TIS-A Information........................................................................... 335
TIS-A vs. TAS/TCAS............................................................................................................ 335
TIS-A Limitations............................................................................................................... 336
Appendix F: Abnormal Operation..................................................................................... 339
Loss of GPS Position.......................................................................................................... 339
Hazard Display with Loss of GPS Position........................................................................... 339
G3X Touch System Failure Annunciations........................................................................... 340
Unusual Attitudes.............................................................................................................. 340
Reversionary Mode (Full-Screen)........................................................................................ 341
AFCS Reversionary Mode................................................................................................... 341
Failure of the External GPS Navigation Source.................................................................... 342
Synthetic Vision Troubleshooting........................................................................................ 342
Appendix G: Display Symbols............................................................................................ 343
VFR Symbols..................................................................................................................... 343
IFR Symbols...................................................................................................................... 344
Airspace Symbols.............................................................................................................. 346
Appendix H: Glossary........................................................................................................... 349
Appendix I: License Agreement and Warranty............................................................... 355
Contact Garmin................................................................................................................ 355
Software License Agreement.............................................................................................. 355
Limited Warranty for G3X Touch Products.......................................................................... 355
AOPA Airport Directory Notice........................................................................................... 356
AC-U-KWIK LICENSE AGREEMENT..................................................................................... 357
SiriusXM Satellite Radio Service Agreement........................................................................ 357
Weather Data Warranty..................................................................................................... 357
Index....................................................................................................................................Index-1
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System Overview
System
Overview
SECTION 1 SYSTEM OVERVIEW
The G3X Touch system may consist of the following Line Replaceable Units (LRUs):
EIS
• Garmin Display Unit (GDU) 460
–– Single Display: Split Primary Flight Display (PFD) & Multi Function Display (MFD)
–– Multiple Displays: PFD, MFD, or split-screen
–– Landscape orientation
Flight
Instruments
1.1 LINE REPLACEABLE UNITS
CNS
Interface
GPS
Navigation
Flight
Planning
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
AFCS
GDU 460 (10.6 inch)
(Landscape Orientation)
Annun/Alerts
Appendix
Index
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• GDU 470
–– Single Display: Split Primary Flight Display (PFD) & Multi Function Display (MFD)
–– Multiple Displays: MFD, PFD, or split-screen
–– Portrait Orientation
GDU 470 (7 inch)
(Portrait Orientation)
• GDL 5XR
–– GDL 50R: ADS-B receiver
–– GDL 51R: SXM receiver
–– GDL 52R: ADS-B/SXM combination receiver
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
System Overview
GDL 50R
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System Overview
System
Overview
Flight
Instruments
EIS
CNS
Interface
• GSU 25D
–– Garmin Sensor Unit sub-system for the G3X Touch (Air Data Computer (ADC), and
the Attitude and Heading Reference System (AHRS))
–– ADC: Processes data from the pitot-static system and outside air temperature (OAT) sensor.
–– AHRS: Provides aircraft attitude and heading information to the PFD.
The AHRS contains advanced sensors (including accelerometers and rate
sensors) and interfaces with the magnetometer to obtain magnetic field
information, with the ADC to obtain air data, and with the GDU to obtain
GPS information. AHRS operation is discussed later in this section.
GPS
Navigation
Flight
Planning
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
GSU 25D
AFCS
Annun/Alerts
Appendix
Index
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• GMU 11
–– Magnetometer: Measures the local magnetic field and sends data to the AHRS for
processing to determine aircraft magnetic heading.
GMU 11
• GTP 59
–– Temperature Probe: Provides raw air temperature data.
GTP 59
• GSA 28
–– Auto Pilot Servo: Used for automatic control of pitch, roll, yaw, and trim.
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
System Overview
GSA 28
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System Overview
System
Overview
• GEA 24
–– Engine and Airframe Unit: Receives and processes signals from the engine and
airframe sensors.
Flight
Instruments
EIS
CNS
Interface
GEA 24
GPS
Navigation
Flight
Planning
• GAD 27
–– Provides a power source to keep essential avionics online during engine start (14V
airframes only).
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
AFCS
Annun/Alerts
GAD 27
Appendix
Index
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• GAD 29B
–– ARINC 429 interface: Transmits and receives ARINC 429 signals for interface to
panel-mount IFR GPS navigators.
GAD 29B
• GMC 507 (AFCS Mode Controller)
–– Automatic Flight Control System (AFCS) Mode Controller. The GMC 507 provides a
user interface for the autopilot and flight director function of the G3X system.
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
System Overview
GMC 507
AFCS
G3X TOUCH SYSTEM
Annun/Alerts
One GDU 470 (7" portrait) display unit (provides both PFD and MFD)
•
One GDU 460 (10" landscape) display unit (provides both PFD and MFD)
•
Two GDU 470 (7" portrait) display units (one configured as PFD and one as
MFD)
•
One GDU 460 (10" landscape) display unit and one GDU 470 (7" portrait)
display unit
Index
•
Appendix
The G3X Touch System can be configured as follows:
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Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
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System Overview
System
Overview
Flight
Instruments
EIS
CNS
Interface
GDU 470 (split-screen PFD/MFD, no EIS)
GPS
Navigation
Flight
Planning
Hazard
Avoidance
GDU 460 (split-screen PFD/MFD, EIS optional)
Additional
Features
AFCS
Annun/Alerts
Dual GDU 470s (PFD & MFD, EIS optional)
Appendix
Index
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EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
System Overview
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
GDU 460 and GDU 470 (PFD & MFD, EIS optional)
G3X Touch System (Example)
8
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System Overview
The G3X Touch can also communicate with the following optional external navigators:
Flight
Instruments
• SL30 Nav/Comm Transceiver
System
Overview
EXTERNAL NAVIGATORS (OPTIONAL)
• GNC series Nav/Comm Transceiver
• GTN or GNS Series Units
EIS
USING THE G3X TOUCH WITH AN EXTERNAL GPS NAVIGATOR
CNS
Interface
In a configuration which includes one or more external GPS navigators (i.e., GTN or
GNS Series), the G3X Touch displays the selected external GPS Navigator’s flight plan
and guidance information.
Flight
Planning
Additional
Features
AFCS
NOTE: The G3X Touch internal GPS flight plan is only for VFR use.
Hazard
Avoidance
When an external navigator is configured the internal GPS can still be used for VFR
navigation. When using an external GPS navigator with the G3X Touch, touch FPL
Source > Internal to switch to the internal GPS navigation. Touch FPL Source >
External to return to the external GPS navigation.
GPS
Navigation
WARNING: Do not use the approach information provided by the VFR
navigation database residing within the G3X Touch as a means of navigating
any instrument approach. The G3X Touch VFR navigation database is limited
to present only the waypoints for the final approach leg of a published
procedure. These waypoints and associated course line are made available
for monitoring purposes only.
Changing the Navigation Source
Annun/Alerts
When an external navigator that supports both GPS and VOR/ILS capabilities (i.e.,
GTN or GNS Series) is selected, the external navigator’s CDI Key is used to switch the
G3X Touch HSI between GPS and VOR/ILS navigation.
Appendix
Index
190-02472-00 Rev. A
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
9
Selection Between Multiple Navigators
The G3X Touch CDI Source button in the PFD Options Window becomes available
when more than one source of navigation data is configured. The CDI Source button
toggles between the available navigation sources (e.g., between the internal G3X Touch
GPS and external SL30 VLOC sources, between an SL30 and a GNS 430, or between
two GNS 430s, etc.). Refer to the Flight Instruments section for more information.
Using MapMX Serial Data Input Format
When using a WAAS enabled external GPS navigator (i.e., GNS 430W/530W, GNS
480 or any GTN Series navigator), and configuring an RS-232 input for ‘MapMX’ instead
of ‘Aviation In’, a more accurate depiction of the flight plan legs are displayed on the
moving map (i.e., holds, procedure turns, etc.). Non-WAAS external navigators do not
support MapMX. Refer to the G3X Touch Installation Manual for more information.
EXTERNAL GPS NAVIGATOR FAILURE
In the event that all configured external GPS navigators fail, the G3X Touch reverts
to its internal VFR GPS for navigation and flight plan modifications.
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
System Overview
ADS-B DEVICES (OPTIONAL)
Additional
Features
The G3X Touch is also compatible with the following ADS-B devices:
• GDL 50R
• GDL 52R
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
• GTX 345(R)
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System Overview
1.2 DISPLAY OVERVIEW
Flight
Instruments
The G3X Touch can also communicate with the Garmin GFC 500. With the AFCS
configured, the G3X Touch issues pitch and roll steering commands to the autopilot.
Refer to Section 9 (AFCS) for more information.
System
Overview
AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
EIS
CNS
Interface
GPS
Navigation
Flight
Planning
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
Direct-to
Button
SD Card
Slot
Menu
Button
Back Right Knob
Button
AFCS
Left Knob Nearest
Button
Bezel Overview (GDU 460)
Annun/Alerts
Appendix
Index
190-02472-00 Rev. A
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
11
System
Overview
System Overview
Flight
Instruments
SD Card
Slot
Knob
Bezel Overview (GDU 470)
NRST Key
establish a direct-to course to the selected destination
MENU Key
Press once to view the Page Menu
Press twice to view the Main Menu
Press a third time to clear the Main Menu
BACK Key
P ress to return to the previous screen
Press and hold to return to the default MFD Page
Press and hold to toggle between full-screen and split-screen modes
(When configured, display layout can be toggled with a BACK key press
(no hold))
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
Press to display the Nearest Page for viewing the nearest airports,
intersections, NDBs, VORs, waypoints, frequencies, and airspaces
Direct-To Key Press to activate the Direct-To function, enter a destination waypoint and
AFCS
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
EIS
Nearest
Button
Direct-to
Button
Menu
Button
Back
Button
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System Overview
System
Overview
1.3 SECURE DIGITAL (SD) CARDS
To eject the card, gently press on the SD card to release the spring latch.
Flight
Planning
1.4 SYSTEM POWER-UP
GPS
Navigation
2)
CNS
Interface
Installing an SD Card:
1) Insert the SD card in the SD card slot with the card contacts facing down
(or facing right on the GDU 470). The card should be flush with the face of
the bezel.
EIS
T he G3X Touch data card slot uses Secure Digital (SD) cards. The SD card can be
used for software updates, checklist files, flight data logging, exporting Track Logs/User
Waypoints, and Importing/Exporting Flight Plans.
Flight
Instruments
NOTE: Refer to Appendix C for more information on SD Card use and databases.
Hazard
Avoidance
During system initialization, the AHRS displays the message ‘AHRS ALIGN’ over the
attitude indicator. The AHRS should display valid attitude and heading fields typically
within the first minute of power-up. The AHRS can align itself both while taxiing and
during level flight.
Additional
Features
AFCS
Annun/Alerts
AHRS Align Message
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
13
Index
190-02472-00 Rev. A
Appendix
The data link weather advisory and current database information are displayed
during power-up including valid operating dates, cycle number, and database type.
When this information has been reviewed for currency (to ensure that no databases
have expired), the pilot is prompted to continue.
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
System Overview
CNS
Interface
Database Information
1.5 SYSTEM OPERATION
NOTE: Refer to the G3X Touch Installation Manual for information on
configuring the displays).
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
Touch Continue to acknowledge the information.
Hazard
Avoidance
SPLIT MODE
Additional
Features
Press Split or Full in the upper left or right hand corner of the display
to toggle between split and full screen.
Or:
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Press and hold the BACK Key to toggle between split and full screen.
(When configured, display layout can be toggled with a BACK key press (no hold))
14
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
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System Overview
System
Overview
Flight
Instruments
EIS
CNS
Interface
Touch To
Access The
Engine Page
GPS
Navigation
Split Mode - GDU 460
Flight
Planning
Touch To
Swap SPLIT
and FULL
Mode
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
AFCS
Annun/Alerts
Appendix
Index
Split Mode - GDU 470
190-02472-00 Rev. A
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
15
System Overview
System
Overview
PFD/MFD DISPLAY CONFIGURATION
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Changing the PFD/MFD Startup Page:
1) Press the MENU Key twice to display the Main Menu.
2) Touch Setup > Display.
3) In the PFD/MFD Startup Page field, touch 'Auto' (selecting 'Auto' allows
selection of 'Auto', 'Map', 'Charts', 'Active FPL', 'Weather', 'Terrain', or
'Info') or 'Split'.
PFD OPTIONS
Pressing the MENU Key while the PFD is in Full screen mode or pressing on the
HSI in any screen mode displays options for several navigation tools. While the PFD
Options menu is open, pressing the MENU Key again will open the Main Menu.
The PFD Options menu also has a More Options... button to enter PFD Setup to
customize the PFD itself.
Inset Windows
Each Inset Window can be configured to display one of a variety of information
alongside the PFD. Inset Windows are available on the GDU 460 display unit.
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
Changing the PFD/MFD Split-Screen Side (GDU 460 only):
1) Press the MENU Key twice to display the Main Menu.
2) Touch Setup > Display.
3) In the PFD/MFD Split Screen Side field, touch 'Left' or 'Right'.
Touch the magnification buttons to zoom in or out of the map. Touch
anywhere else to show the split-screen map.
Touch the magnification buttons to zoom in or out of the map. Touch
Traffic
anywhere else to show the split-screen traffic display.
Flight Touch and drag to scroll through the flight plan. Touch to show the splitPlan screen flight plan display.
Nearest Touch and drag to scroll through the list of nearest airports. Touch to
Airports select a nearest airport.
G Meter Touch to reset the G Meter to zero.
Map
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System Overview
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
17
Index
190-02472-00 Rev. A
Appendix
By default the main inner knob will adjust the HSI's heading bug, and the main outer
knob will adjust the altitude bug. The alternate inner knob will adjust the HSI course
selection (in OBS mode) and the VLOC course. The alternate outer knob will adjust the
local barometric pressure setting.
Annun/Alerts
The "main" PFD knobs are by default on the left-hand side of the display, and
"alternate" knobs on the right. This can be changed by pressing the MENU key twice
and touching the PFD icon, then changing PFD Split Screen Side from Right to Left.
AFCS
The display unit knobs are highly customizable and can be configured for a variety of
functions, especially for PFD functions. The two options that configure the PFD knobs
are found in the PFD Setup menu. On the PFD display unit, press the MENU button
and touch the More Options... on-screen button.
Additional
Features
GDU 460 Knob Operation
Hazard
Avoidance
The Minimums option sets a minimum barometric altitude. If the G3X Touch detects
the aircraft descending to this altitude, the Minimums Alert will sound.
Flight
Planning
Minimums
GPS
Navigation
A simple timer for measuring arbitrary periods of time, separately from the Flight
Timer. Tap Start to start the Timer. While the Timer is running, the Start button
becomes a Stop button which pauses the Timer. Reset will set the Timer to zero and
stop the Timer. The Timer is visible at the left-center of the status bar at the bottom of
the screen, labeled as 'TMR'. The Timer can also be configured to display in the Data
Bar. Pressing the Back Key to close the PFD Options menu will not interrupt the Timer.
CNS
Interface
Timer
EIS
While the G3X Touch has an active flight plan, setting a Bearing Pointer to GPS will
indicate the heading of the next waypoint on the active flight plan. Without an active
flight plan, setting a Bearing Pointer to GPS will not display a Bearing Pointer.
Flight
Instruments
Two Bearing Pointers for the HSI can be enabled or disabled in the PFD Options
menu. Touch
to set each Bearing Pointer to Off, GPS, VLOC (1/2) (when
configured), Best Airport (when configured), or Nearest Airport. Each Bearing
Pointer is accompanied by an info box below the HSI indicating its target.
System
Overview
Bearing Pointers
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
System Overview
The functionality of the alternate knobs can be changed through the Right Side
Knob Action option in the PFD Setup menu. Note that this setting's name can change
to Left Side Knob Action if the split screen is set to Left instead of the default Right.
The other settings available for the alternate knobs are FD Bug/Baro and Heading/
Altitude. FD Bug/Baro will set the alternate inner knob to adjust the Flight Director
bug if the Flight Director is active, and outer knob for local barometric pressure. Setting
the alternate knobs to Heading/Altitude will mirror the functions of the main knobs.
Additionally, the option to Press To Toggle Knob Action is available to get more
functionality out of the PFD knobs. When enabled, pressing either inner knob will
change the knobs between main knob functions and alternate knob functions. This
feature is intended for cockpits that frequently use Split Screen features, since the
split screen will reserve a knob for MFD functions. "Main" functions will always be
Heading/Altitude, and "alternate" functions will be specified in the Right Side Knob
Action setting (also known as Left Side Knob Action).
GDU 470 Knob Operation
The GDU 470 has a single knob which is used for the PFD when in full-screen
PFD mode, and is used for the MFD for all other display modes. For the full-screen
PFD, the "Press To Toggle Knob Action" setting is always enabled (in order to always
have access to the Baro setting via the knob), and the "Toggle Knob Action" setting
provides the same knob action selections as the GDU 460 (Course/Baro, FD Bug/Baro,
or Heading/Altitude).
More Options...
Touching More Options... opens the PFD Setup menu that allows customization
of PFD appearance and functionality. Changing both PFD Presentation and Attitude
Presentation to Round Gauges will configure the PFD to resemble a "six-pack" style
panel of mechanical gauges.
Option
PFD Presentation
(GDU 460 only)
Attitude
Presentation
(GDU 460 only)
18
Setting Description
Changes the PFD indicators for airspeed, altitude, vertical speed, and turn
coordinator between linear Tapes and circular Round Gauges.
Changes attitude indicator between Full Screen where the artificial
horizon spans the whole screen, and Round Gauge.
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
190-02472-00 Rev. A
System Overview
CRS value
Local barometric pressure
FD Bug/Baro
Flight Director bug
Local barometric pressure
Heading/Altitude
Heading bug
Altitude bug
Flight
Planning
Course/Baro
GPS
Navigation
Toggle Knob
Action
(GDU 470 only)
Left/Right inner knob Left/Right outer knob
CNS
Interface
Left/Right Side
Knob Action
(GDU 460 only)
EIS
CDI Scale
Disables wind display.
Displays winds as a single arrow and speed.
Displays winds as head and crosswind components.
HSI will always display magnetic heading
HSI will display ground track instead of magnetic
Auto Trk/Hdg
heading when airborne and GPS data is available
Toggles the CDI Scale between 0.25 nm, 1.25 nm, 5.00 nm.
NOTE: Applies to internal GPS source only.
Flight
Instruments
HSI Orientation
Off
Speed/Dir
Head/X-wind
Heading
System
Overview
Wind Vector
When enabled, pressing an inner knob will toggle the functionality
of inner and outer knobs. Knobs revert to previous functions after 10
seconds. Useful for situations where the split-screen is frequently used.
Additional
Features
Press To Toggle
Knob Action
(GDU 460 only)
Hazard
Avoidance
NOTE: If the PFD Split Screen Side is set to Right in Display Settings, this option will appear as
"Left Side Knob Action."
NOTE: This setting is always enabled on the GDU 470.
Off
AFCS
Disables G Meter.
G Meter appears in place of HSI when G3X Touch
G Meter
Auto Display
detects G load above +2.1G or below -0.5G.
On (Replace HSI) G Meter replaces HSI.
Lateral Deviation Toggles lateral deviation indicator.
Synthetic Vision Overlays 3D-rendered terrain on full-screen attitude presentation.
Annun/Alerts
Appendix
on full-screen attitude presentation indicating
Flt. Path Marker Overlays a marker
aircraft bearing relative to heading, as affected by winds.
Overlays 3D magenta flight path boxes on full-screen attitude
Pathways
presentation, indicating path to next waypoint.
Overlays indications of specific aircraft on full-screen attitude
Traffic
presentation.
Index
More PFD Options
190-02472-00 Rev. A
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
19
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
System Overview
G3X TOUCH SYSTEM ANNUNCIATIONS
When an LRU or an LRU function fails, a large red ‘X’ is typically displayed over the
instrument(s) or data experiencing the failure. Upon G3X Touch power-up, certain
instruments remain invalid as equipment begins to initialize. All instruments should be
operational within one minute of power-up. If any instrument remains flagged, and
it is not likely an installation related problem, the G3X Touch should be serviced by a
Garmin-authorized repair facility.
The Attitude and Heading Reference System (AHRS) performs attitude, heading,
and vertical acceleration calculations for the G3X Touch System, utilizing GPS,
magnetometer, and air data, in addition to information from its internal sensors.
Attitude and heading information are updated on the PFD while the AHRS receives
appropriate combinations of information from the external sensor inputs.
The AHRS (GSU 25D) corrects for shifts and variations in the Earth’s magnetic field by
applying the Magnetic Field Variation Database. The Magnetic Field Variation Database
is derived from the International Geomagnetic Reference Field (IGRF). The IGRF is a
mathematical model that describes the Earth’s main magnetic field and its annual rate
of change. The database is updated approximately every 5 years via a GDU software
update. Failure to update this database could lead to erroneous heading information
being displayed to the pilot.
available
le
e
available
le
e
unavailable
ble
available
le
e
20
AHRS no- AHRS no-Mag/
Mag Mode
no-Air Mode
Heading Invalid
unavailable
ble
le
Air Data
AHRS
no-GPS
Mode
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
le
ab
Appendix
Air Data
AHRS Normal
Operation
Magnetometer Data
available
le
e
unavailable
ble
bl
available
le
e
Annun/Alerts
Magnetometer Data
ail
av
un
Index
unavailable
ble
bl
GPS Data
AFCS
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
AHRS OPERATION
Attitude/Heading Invalid
190-02472-00 Rev. A
System Overview
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
AFCS
21
Index
The Page Menu allows the user to access additional features or make setting changes
which specifically relate to the currently displayed page. The menu will display ‘No
Options’ when there are no options for the page selected.
Appendix
The G3X Touch has a dedicated MENU Key. Press MENU once to display a contextsensitive list of options for the page or the dedicated PFD. Press MENU twice to
display the Main Menu.
Annun/Alerts
MENUS
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
Flight
Planning
1.6 ACCESSING SYSTEM FUNCTIONALITY
190-02472-00 Rev. A
GPS
Navigation
If a standby flight display (such as a Garmin G5 Electronic Flight Instrument) is
installed, it will provide a redundant source of attitude and air data in addition to that
provided by the dedicated ADAHRS unit (GSU 25D). If the sensor source selection is
AUTO and attitude or air data is unavailable from any dedicated ADAHRS unit, the
PFD will automatically revert to displaying data from the standby display. This will be
annunciated on the PFD with an ‘AHRS REVERT’ or ‘ADC REVERT’ message (see Section
10.4).
CNS
Interface
Failure of the air data input has no effect on the AHRS output while AHRS is receiving
valid GPS information. Invalid/unavailable airspeed data in addition to GPS failure
results in loss of all attitude and heading information. Likewise, loss of magnetometer
(heading) data, in combination with loss of GPS data, results in a loss of all attitude
and heading information.
EIS
If the magnetometer input fails, the AHRS continues to output valid attitude
information; however, the heading output on the PFD Page is flagged as invalid with
a red ‘X’.
Flight
Instruments
If GPS input fails, the AHRS can continue to provide attitude and heading information
to the PFD as long as magnetometer and airspeed data are available and valid.
System
Overview
Loss of GPS, magnetometer, or air data inputs is communicated to the pilot by
message advisory alerts. Any failure of the internal AHRS inertial sensors results in loss
of attitude and heading information (indicated by red ‘X’ flags over the corresponding
flight instruments). If the G3X Touch senses that the magnetic heading measurement
is valid, but possibly outside of the internal accuracy limits, the numeric heading value
on the PFD is displayed in yellow.
DATA ENTRY
Data can be entered by using the touchscreen or the knob. In some instances, such
as when entering an identifier, the G3X Touch tries to predict the desired identifier
based on the characters being entered. In this case, if the desired identifier appears,
touch Enter to confirm the entry without entering the rest of the identifier manually.
This can save the pilot from having to enter all the characters of the identifier.
Instead of using character-by-character data entry, touch Find to search by recent
waypoints, nearest waypoints, flight plan waypoints, user waypoints, name, or city.
Entering data:
1) With the keypad displayed, begin entering data.
a) Touch the desired letters and/or numbers. Touch Numeric to access
the numbers on a GDU 470.
b) Touch Enter.
Or:
a) Touch Find.
b) Touch the Recent, Nearest Airports, Flight Plan, User, Search
Name, or Search City Tab.
c) Touch the desired waypoint from the list.
Or:
a) Turn the small Knob below the keypad to activate the cursor and enter
the first letter and/or number.
b) Turn the large Knob below the keypad to move the cursor to the next
character position.
c) Repeat steps ‘b’ and ‘c ‘ as necessary.
d) Touch Enter or press the Knob below the keypad.
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
System Overview
22
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190-02472-00 Rev. A
System Overview
System
Overview
Flight
Instruments
EIS
CNS
Interface
GPS
Navigation
Data Entry
Flight
Planning
PAGES
Additional
Features
Touch the page navigation bar to select the desired page or turn the large Knob
associated with the MFD to cycle through the pages.
Hazard
Avoidance
A page navigation bar is displayed on the lower portion of the MFD. The right side
shows a list of abbreviated names for each of the pages, and the left side shows the
name of the current page.
AFCS
Annun/Alerts
Page Navigation
Appendix
Index
190-02472-00 Rev. A
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
23
System Overview
System
Overview
MAIN PAGES
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Selecting a main page:
1) Touch the Page Navigation Bar on the MFD.
2) Touch the desired page from the Select Page menu.
Or:
Turn the large Knob associated with the MFD.
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
• Main Pages
Map Page (Map)
Terrain Page (Ter)
Charts Page (Cht)
Traffic Page (Trf)*
Waypoint Page (Wpt)
SiriusXM Page (SXM)*
Active Flight Plan Page (FPL)
Info Page (Info)
Engine Page (Eng)*
*May not be available, dependent upon configuration
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
Weather Page (Wx) (optional)
Index
Appendix
Main Pages
24
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
190-02472-00 Rev. A
System Overview
System
Overview
NEAREST PAGES
The Nearest Pages are selected by pressing the NRST Key.
Flight
Instruments
Selecting the NRST pages:
1) Touch the NRST Key.
2) Turn the large Knob associated with the MFD.
Or:
1) Touch the Page Navigation Bar.
2) Touch the desired page from the Select Page menu.
EIS
CNS
Interface
The Nearest Pages contain the following information:
• VOR (VHF Omnidirectional Radio Beacon)—identifier, facility type (symbol),
bearing, distance, and frequency.
Additional
Features
• INT (Intersection)—identifier, bearing, and distance.
Hazard
Avoidance
• NDB (Non Directional Beacons)—identifier, facility, type (symbol), bearing,
distance, and frequency.
Flight
Planning
• Wx (Airport Weather) (GDU 4X0 with FIS-B weather receiver)—identifier, bearing,
distance, METAR text, and ATIS, AWOS, or ASOS frequency.
GPS
Navigation
• Apt (Airport)—identifier, bearing, distance, length of the longest runway, and
common traffic advisory (CTAF) or tower frequency.
• VRP (Visual Reporting Point) (Atlantic)—identifier, bearing, and distance.
• USR (User Waypoints)—name, bearing, and distance.
AFCS
• CTY (City)—name, bearing, and distance.
• FSS (Flight Service Station)—name, bearing, distance, frequency, and VOR (if
applicable).
Appendix
• ASPC (Airspace)—name, time to entry (when applicable), and status.
Annun/Alerts
• ATC (Air Route Traffic Control Center)—name, bearing, distance, and frequency.
Index
190-02472-00 Rev. A
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
25
1.7 ACCESSING ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
NOTE: A System Status Message and the word ‘External’ appearing next to
the GPS Status indicates that the display connected to the GPS antenna is
unavailable and the remaining display(s) are using the external GPS navigator
for 2D GPS position data. In this case, the data collected from the external
navigator is not considered a sufficient source of GPS data by the AHRS.
VIEWING GPS RECEIVER STATUS
Internal system checking is performed to ensure the GPS receiver is providing
accurate data to the GDU(s).
The G3X Touch GDUs can be configured to share GPS information (refer to the G3X
Touch Installation Manual for configuration information). For example, a GDU can be
configured to share its GPS position, velocity, and time data with another GDU. If a
GDU is not using its own GPS receiver, the name of the GDU providing the data (i.e.,
‘3D GPS Location (PFD)’ or ‘3D GPS Location (MFD)’) is displayed on the INFO Page.
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
System Overview
GPS Status
Index
The GPS Status will display one of the following conditions:
26
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
190-02472-00 Rev. A
System Overview
• Searching the Sky—Receiver is looking for satellites
System
Overview
• Autolocate—Receiver is looking for any satellite whose almanac has been
collected, which can take up to 5 minutes
• Acquiring Satellites—Receiver is looking for and collecting data from satellites
visible at its last known or initialized location, but has not acquired a fix
Flight
Instruments
• 2D GPS Location—At least three satellites have been acquired and a twodimensional location fix has been calculated. “2D Differential” appears when
you are receiving DGPS corrections in 2D mode
EIS
Flight
Planning
Viewing GPS receiver status information:
Turn the large Knob associated with the MFD to select the Info Page.
Or:
1) Touch the Page Navigation Bar on the MFD.
2) Touch the Info Page from the Select Page menu.
Hazard
Avoidance
Entering a new location:
3)
Touch Automatic, Use Map, or Use Identifier.
4)
After selecting your approximate position using the map or entering an
identifier, touch Enter.
5)
The GPS Receiver will begin a new search based on the location entered.
190-02472-00 Rev. A
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
Index
Touch New Location.
Appendix
2)
Annun/Alerts
From the Info Page, while the unit is searching for satellites, press the
MENU Key.
AFCS
The ‘New Location’ menu option on the Info Page is used when the GPS Receiver
is having trouble finding the satellites it expects to be there.
Additional
Features
NEW LOCATION
1)
GPS
Navigation
• Lost Satellite Reception—the receiver is no longer tracking enough satellites for a
2D or 3D fix
CNS
Interface
• 3D GPS Location—At least four satellites have been acquired and a threedimensional fix has been calculated. “3D Differential” appears when you are
receiving DGPS corrections in 3D mode
27
ACQUIRING SATELLITES
When the receiver is in the process of acquiring enough satellite signals for
navigation, the receiver uses satellite orbital data (collected continuously from the
satellites) and last known position to determine the satellites that should be in view.
“Acquiring Satellites” is indicated as the solution until a sufficient number of satellites
have been acquired for computing a solution.
When the receiver is in the process of acquiring a 3D differential GPS solution, “3D
GPS Location” is indicated as the solution until the 3D differential fix has finished
acquisition.
SATELLITE INFORMATION
Satellites currently in view are shown at their respective positions on a satellite
constellation diagram. The outer circle of the constellation diagram represents the
horizon, the inner circle represents 45° above the horizon, and the center point shows
the position directly overhead. Each satellite is represented by a square containing the
Pseudo-Random Noise (PRN) number (i.e., satellite identification number).
The Info Page can be helpful in troubleshooting weak (or missing) signal levels
due to poor satellite coverage or installation problems. As the GPS receiver locks
onto satellites, a signal strength bar is displayed for each satellite in view, with the
appropriate satellite PRN number (01-32 or 33-64 for WAAS) below each bar. The
progress of satellite acquisition is shown in three stages, as indicated by signal bar
appearance:
- No bar—Receiver is looking for the indicated satellite
- Gray bar—Receiver has collected the necessary data and the satellite signal can
be used
- Green bar—Satellite is being used for the GPS solution
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
System Overview
28
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
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System Overview
Flight
Instruments
EIS
The Position box on the Info Page displays latitude, longitude, accuracy (in feet),
reference waypoint, type, distance, direction, and bearing. The current position
can be marked as a user waypoint by touching the latitude and longitude button.
The reference waypoint is designed to display the current position in relation to a
prominent landmark. The pilot can change the reference waypoint ‘Nearest Type’
using the ‘Change Nearest Type’ page menu option. By default the Nearest Type is
set to ‘Automatic’, which will display the nearest large airport, enroute VOR, or city (in
that order).
System
Overview
POSITION
CNS
Interface
GPS
Navigation
Changing the Nearest Type:
1) From the Info Page, press the MENU Key.
2) Touch Change Nearest Type.
3) Touch Automatic, Airport, VOR, NDB, Intersection, City, or
Waypoint.
Flight
Planning
Hazard
Avoidance
Marking Current Location as a Waypoint:
1) From the Info Page, touch the latitude and longitude.
Or:
1) From the Info Page, press the MENU Key, and touch Mark Waypoint.
2) Touch Yes on the confirmation dialog box.
3) Optionally touch the Name field to rename the waypoint.
4) Touch Back.
Additional
Features
AFCS
Annun/Alerts
Appendix
Index
190-02472-00 Rev. A
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
29
1.8 SYSTEM SETTINGS
The Setup option in the Main Menu allows management of the following system
parameters:
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
System Overview
• Data Bar
• Bluetooth
• Display
• PFD (optional)
• Sound
• XPDR (optional)
• Units
• Autopilot (optional)
• Time
• Flight Director (optional)
• Map
• Trim (optional)
• Position
• Navigation
• Alarms
• Keyboard
• Airspace
Flight
Planning
• Connext (optional)
Hazard
Avoidance
• Weather (optional)
Additional
Features
Accessing system settings:
1) Press the MENU Key twice.
2) Touch Setup.
3)
Touch the desired option on the Setup Page.
If configured to ‘Set By Pilot’ in configuration mode, (refer to the Installation Manual
for configuration information) the pilot can change the Flight ID and enable/disable
ADS-B Transmit from the Transponder Setup Page and the Transponder Pop-up Window.
Setting the Flight ID:
1) Press the MENU Key twice.
2) Touch Setup > XPDR.
3) Touch the ‘Flight ID’ Field.
4) Enter the Flight ID and touch Enter.
Or:
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
TRANSPONDER
30
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
190-02472-00 Rev. A
System Overview
Touch the Transponder on the PFD.
2)
Touch the ‘Flight ID’ Field.
3)
Enter the Flight ID and touch Enter.
System
Overview
1)
Flight
Instruments
EIS
Enabling/disabling ADS-B Transmit:
1) Press the MENU Key twice.
2) Touch Setup > XPDR.
3) Touch the ‘ADS-B Transmit’ Field.
4) Touch Enabled or Disabled.
CNS
Interface
DATA BAR SETUP
is shown. Settings
Hazard
Avoidance
Determines which side of the display the Mode Button
are Auto, Left, and Right.
COM RADIO SCREEN SIDE
Additional
Features
Adjusts the position of the COM Radio control to either the Left or Right side of
the Data Bar. This setting is only allowed for single COM radio installations (with dual
COM radio installations, COM 1 is always on the left and COM 2 is always on the
right).
AFCS
COM RADIO VOLUME INDICATOR
on the Data Bar, settings are
Annun/Alerts
Used to display (temporarily) volume indicator
Show and Hide.
Flight
Planning
MODE BUTTON SCREEN SIDE
GPS
Navigation
Displaying the Data Bar Setup Page:
1) Press the MENU Key twice.
2) Touch Setup > Data Bar.
Appendix
Index
190-02472-00 Rev. A
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
31
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
System Overview
COM RADIO VOLUME SHORTCUT ( GDU 460 ONLY)
When enabled, this option to provides quick access to the selected COM radio
volume control by dedicating one of the GDU knobs to volume and squelch when the
tune radio page is the active page (
annunciated on screen
just above knob). When disabled, the tune radio page dedicates all available knobs
to setting and tuning the standby frequency (i.e., a single knob in split-screen display
mode, or both knobs in full-screen display mode).
Adjusts the position of the transponder control to either the Left or Right side of
the Data Bar.
USER TIMER BUTTON
Used to change the display of the User Timer Button
on the Data Bar.
Selections are: Hide, Show on Left, and Show on Right. The User Timer can also be
accessed from the User Timer icon on the Main Menu, from the PFD Option Menu, and
by pressing "TMR 00:00" on the PFD status bar (when visible - GDU 470). Press the
User Timer Button to start/stop the timer, press Reset to reset the timer.
MAX DISPLAYED FIELD COUNT (GDU 460 ONLY)
Used to select the maximum number (1-8) of available data boxes shown on the
Data Bar.
DATA FIELDS
Refer to the Annunciations and Alerts Section for a list of available Data Bar Field
options.
Changing the information shown in the Data Bar fields:
1)
Press the MENU Key twice.
2)
Touch Setup > Data Bar > Change....
3)
Touch one of the Data Bar fields.
4)
Touch a new data field from the list.
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
TRANSPONDER SCREEN SIDE
32
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System Overview
System
Overview
GENERAL DISPLAY INFORMATION
BACKLIGHT SETTINGS
Flight
Instruments
The Backlight Intensity (display brightness) can be set to ‘Manual’, ‘Light Bus’, or
‘Photo Cell’. With ‘Manual’ selected, the pilot can manually adjust the desired backlight
intensity. After each power cycle the Backlight Intensity is set to the default, which is
configurable. Refer to the G3X Touch Installation Manual for more information.
EIS
EIS DISPLAY LOCATION (OPTIONAL)
Flight
Planning
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
Cleaning the display:
1) Press the MENU Key twice.
2) Touch Tools > Screen Cleaning.
3) Clean screen with a clean, lint-free cloth (such as the Garmin cleaning
cloth). Avoid any chemical cleaners or solvents that can damage plastic
components.
4) Per the on-screen instructions, press the MENU Key to swap sides of the
display, or press the BACK Key to return to Tools.
GPS
Navigation
SCREEN CLEANING
CNS
Interface
In Configuration Mode the ‘EIS Display Location’ setting can be set to one of the
following:
• AUTO—Displays the EIS Strip on the MFD, or on the PFD if the MFD is not
displayed.
• PFD—Always displays the EIS Strip on PFD .
• User Selected—Enables the user to choose between ‘AUTO’ and ‘PFD’ via the
Display Setup menu.
For more information on how to enable the ‘EIS Display Location’ setting in
Configuration Mode refer to the G3X Touch Installation Manual.
AFCS
Annun/Alerts
Appendix
NOTE: Make sure that no dust or grit accumulates at the bottom of the display
glass. The GDU displays use invisible infrared beams for touch detection, this
makes it very important to keep the screen clean, especially along the edges.
Index
190-02472-00 Rev. A
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
33
System Overview
System
Overview
DISPLAY SETUP
Flight
Instruments
Accessing Display Setup Options:
1) Press the MENU Key twice.
2) Touch Setup > Display.
EIS
Setting
CNS
Interface
Backlight
Control
Light Bus
Page
Flight
Planning
Slider
Control
Hazard
Avoidance
Backlight
Intensity
Startup Page
Additional
Features
GPS
Navigation
Photo Cell
Startup Page
Toggle Split
Screen with
BACK key
PFD Split
Screen Side
Full MFD/
PFD Toggle
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Options
Manual
Full
Split
Disable
Enable
Left
Right
Enable
Disable
Description
Provides configurable manual control
Adjusts backlight according to external
cockpit control, if connected
Uses bezel light sensor to automatically
adjust backlight to complement
ambient light level
Directly sets backlight level if Backlight
Control is set to Manual
List of specific pages to display on
startup.
Enables or disables Split Screen on
startup
Notes
All GDUs
excluding GDU
470 MFD
Enables/Disables Split Screen operation
using the BACK key
Specifies the screen side the PFD page
appears on
GDU 460 (no
EIS) PFD only
Shows or hides MFD/PFD toggle button
GDU 470 MFD
only
Index
Appendix
Display Setup Options
34
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
190-02472-00 Rev. A
System Overview
Narrow
Narrower PFD, wider Split Screen
Normal
Equal PFD and Split Screen areas
Wide
Wider PFD, narrower Split Screen
GDU 460
PFD only (not
available
when PFD is
displaying the
engine bar)
MFD
PFD
Both
Right
Specifies which side of the screen that
the EIS strip appears on
GDU 460 only
AFCS
Specifies which displays show the COM
Radio buttons
Annun/Alerts
MFD
PFD
Both
Do not display
EIS on a GDU
470 PFD
Additional
Features
Left
Specifies which displays show the
Engine Indication System strip
Hazard
Avoidance
COM Radio
Display
Location
GDU 460
MFD only
Flight
Planning
EIS Screen
Side
Right
Specifies which side the MFD Split
Screen appears on
GPS
Navigation
EIS Display
Location
GDU 460 MFD
only
CNS
Interface
PFD Split
Screen Ratio
Left
Specifies page to display after switch
MFD to Split Screen
Notes
EIS
MFD Split
Screen Side
Description
Flight
Instruments
MFD Split
Screen Page
Options
Map
Chart
PFD
System
Overview
Setting
Display Setup Options
Appendix
Index
190-02472-00 Rev. A
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
35
Setting
Transponder
Display
Location
On-Screen
Zoom
Buttons
Knob Zoom
Action
Map Color
Mode
Chart Color
Mode
Sirius Audio
Main Page
Options
MFD
PFD
Both
Show
Hide
Normal
Reverse
Day
Night
Auto
Day
Night
Auto
Show
Hide
Description
Notes
Specifies which displays show the
Transponder buttons
Shows or hides zoom buttons
Clockwise zooms in, in Maps and
Charts
Clockwise zooms out, in Maps and
Charts
Full color map features
High-contrast mode
Change depending on local time
Full color chart features
High-contrast mode
Change depending on local time
Shows or hides the Sirius Audio Main
Page
Display Setup Options
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
System Overview
36
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
190-02472-00 Rev. A
System Overview
EIS
Adjusting SXM and/or Message Volume:
1) Press the MENU Key twice.
2) Touch Setup > Sound.
3) Touch the ‘SXM Volume’ or ‘Message Volume’ Field.
4) Touch and drag the slider to the desired percentage.
CNS
Interface
GPS
Navigation
Enabling/disabling the ‘Traffic Not Available’ audio alert:
2)
Touch Setup > Sound.
3)
Touch Enabled or Disabled in the ‘Traffic N/A Alert’ Field.
Hazard
Avoidance
Press the MENU Key twice.
Additional
Features
Turning the altitude alert tone on/off:
2)
Touch Setup > Sound.
3)
Touch Enabled or Disabled in the ‘Altitude Alert’ Field.
Annun/Alerts
Press the MENU Key twice.
AFCS
NOTE: Refer to the Flight Instruments section for more information regarding
the Altitude Alert Tone.
1)
Flight
Planning
NOTE: Refer to the Hazard Avoidance section for more information regarding
the ‘Traffic Not Available’ audio alert.
1)
Flight
Instruments
The pilot can manually adjust the desired SXM Volume, Message Volume, Traffic N/A
Alert, Altitude Alert (On/Off), and Minimums Alert (On/Off). Message Volume controls
the banner message tones (e.g., “Approaching Airspace” or “Arriving at Waypoint”).
Alert Volume (e.g., terrain, traffic, autopilot, etc.) is set in configuration mode (refer to
the G3X Touch Installation Manual for more information).
System
Overview
SOUND SETUP
Appendix
Index
190-02472-00 Rev. A
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
37
System Overview
System
Overview
Turning the minimums alert tone on/off:
EIS
Flight
Instruments
NOTE: Refer to the Flight Instruments section for more information regarding
the Minimums Alert Tone.
1)
Press the MENU Key twice.
2)
Touch Setup > Sound.
3)
Touch Enabled or Disabled in the ‘Minimums Alert’ Field.
CNS
Interface
UNITS SETUP
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
Changing unit settings:
1) Press the MENU Key twice.
2) Touch Setup > Units.
3) Touch the desired field.
4) Touch the desired units.
Setting
Hazard
Avoidance
Air Temperature
Additional
Features
Baro Pressure
AFCS
Weight
Options
Fahrenheit (°F)
Celsius (°C)
Inches (Hg)
Millibars (Mb)
Hectopascals (HPa)
Pounds (lbs)
Kilograms (kg)
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
Units Setup Options
38
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
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System Overview
System
Overview
TIME SETUP
Flight
Instruments
Enabling/disabling Auto UTC Offset:
1) Press the MENU Key twice.
2) Touch Setup > Time.
3) Touch On or Off in the ‘Auto UTC Offset’ Field.
EIS
Changing the time format:
1) Press the MENU Key twice.
2) Touch Setup > Time.
3) Touch the ‘Time Format’ Field.
4) Touch 12 Hour, 24 Hour, or UTC.
CNS
Interface
GPS
Navigation
MAP SETUP
Refer to section 5.2.
Flight
Planning
POSITION SETUP
Additional
Features
Changing position settings:
1) Press the MENU Key twice.
2) Touch Setup > Position.
3) Touch the desired field to change.
4) Touch the desired setting from the list.
Hazard
Avoidance
NOTE: Refer to Appendix D for more information on Map Datums and Location Formats.
AFCS
Annun/Alerts
Appendix
Index
190-02472-00 Rev. A
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
39
ALARMS SETUP
The Airspace Page allows the pilot to turn airspace alarms On/Off. The Alarms Page
allows the pilot to enable/disable the Arrival Alarm, Next Waypoint Alarm, Proximity
Alarm, and Fuel Tank Reminder Alarm.
Enabling/disabling the arrival alarm:
1) Press the MENU Key twice.
2) Touch Setup > Alarms.
3) Touch On or Off in the ‘Arrival’ Field.
4) If necessary, touch the arrival distance value.
5) Enter the desired distance using the keypad and touch Enter.
CNS
Interface
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
System Overview
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
Changing the next waypoint alarm settings:
1) Press the MENU Key twice.
2) Touch Setup > Alarms.
3) Touch
to display the next waypoint alarm options.
4) Touch Off, Distance, or Time.
5) If Time is selected, touch + or - to adjust the time (HH:MM).
6) If Distance is selected, touch the distance value and enter the desired
distance using the keypad.
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Additional
Features
Enabling/disabling the proximity waypoint alarm:
1) Press the MENU Key twice.
2) Touch Setup > Alarms.
3) Touch On or Off in the ‘Proximity Waypoint’ Field.
40
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
190-02472-00 Rev. A
System Overview
System
Overview
Enabling/disabling the fuel tank reminder alarm:
1) Press the MENU Key twice.
2) Touch Setup > Alarms.
3) Touch On or Off in the ‘Fuel Tank Reminder’ Field.
4) With the 'Fuel Tank Reminder' 'On', touch '+' or '-' to adjust the time
interval in 5 minute increments.
Flight
Instruments
EIS
FUEL TANK REMINDER ALARM AND FUEL TANK TIMER
CNS
Interface
The ‘Fuel Tank’ Reminder alarm is used as a reminder to switch fuel tanks. The
reminder message repeats at the specified interval after the beginning of each trip. The
Fuel Tank Timer (FUEL TIMER) data field option is the elapsed time since the ‘Fuel Tank’
Reminder alarm was last issued (MM:SS).
GPS
Navigation
AIRSPACE SETUP
Hazard
Avoidance
Enabling/disabling airspace alarms:
1) Press the MENU Key twice.
2) Touch Setup > Airspace.
3) Touch On or Off to enable/disable the desired airspace alarms.
Flight
Planning
The Airspace Alarms Setup page allows the pilot to enable/disable airspace alarms
for the following airspace: ClassB/TMA, Class C/TCA, Class D, Restricted, MOA
(Military), Other/ADIZ, or Euro Airway.
Additional
Features
BLUETOOTH SETUP
AFCS
Refer to Section 8.9.
Annun/Alerts
PFD SETUP
Refer to Section 1.5.
Appendix
Index
190-02472-00 Rev. A
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
41
NAVIGATION SETUP
Waypoint Transition Mode can be set to 'Auto' or 'Distance'. In 'Auto' mode the
G3X Touch selects the "best" next waypoint based on the aircraft's present position.
'Distance' mode allows the pilot to enter a radius around the active leg destination so
that when the aircraft is within the entered distance, the G3X Touch transitions to the
next waypoint in the route.
Changing the waypoint transition mode:
1) Press the MENU Key twice.
2) Touch Setup > Navigation.
3) Touch
to display the waypoint transition mode options.
4) When selecting Distance, touch the distance value, enter the desired
distance using the keypad, and touch Enter.
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
System Overview
Flight
Planning
KEYBOARD SETUP
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Changing keyboard settings:
1) Press the MENU Key twice.
2) Touch Setup > Keyboard.
3) Touch ABCDE or QWERTY in the ‘Keyboard Format’ Field.
42
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
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Flight Instruments
System
Overview
SECTION 2 FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS
Flight
Instruments
2.1 FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS
NOTE: Refer to Section 9 for Autopilot information.
EIS
CNS
Interface
Increased situational awareness is provided by replacing the traditional instruments
on the panel with an easy-to-scan Primary Flight Display (PFD) that features a horizon,
airspeed, attitude, altitude, vertical speed, heading, and course deviation information.
GPS
Navigation
Flight
Planning
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
AFCS
PFD (Full Screen)
Annun/Alerts
The following flight instruments and supplemental flight data are displayed on the
PFD.
Appendix
Index
190-02472-00 Rev. A
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
43
Flight Instruments
48
System
Overview
1
47
46
45
44
43
2
42
Flight
Instruments
3
4
41
5
40
EIS
6
39
7
38
CNS
Interface
8
37
9
36
10
35
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
11
12
34
13
33
14
32
15
31
Hazard
Avoidance
16
30
17
Additional
Features
18
29
19
20
AFCS
21
23
24 25
26
27
28
Annun/Alerts
22
Index
Appendix
NOTE: GDU 460 displays can present the primary flight instruments in round
gauge format. Access this setting via the "PFD Presentation" item on the
PFD Setup page from the Main Menu and select "Round Gauges."
44
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
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Flight Instruments
27
Selected Heading Bug
4
Attitude Indicator
28
Bearing 2 Information
5
Pitch Scale
29
Course Deviation Indicator (CDI)
6
Airspeed Trend Indicator
30
CDI Scale
7
Flight Director Command Bars
31
CAS Message Window
8
Aircraft Symbol
32
Baro Minimums Box
9
Slip/Skid Indicator
33
Selected Course
10
Lateral Deviation Scale & Course Deviation
34
Altimeter Barometric Setting
11
Vspeed Reference
35
Altimeter
12
Ground Speed (GS)
36
Baro Minimums Bug
13
Selected Heading
37
Required Vertical Speed
14
Wind Speed
38
Selected Vertical Speed Bug
15
Wind Direction
39
Current Vertical Speed
16
Current Heading/Track Indicator
40
Vertical Speed Indicator (VSI)
17
Course Pointer
41
Selected Altitude Bug
18
Bearing 1 Pointer
42
Reference Altitude
19
Navigation Source
43
VNAV Target Altitude
20
Horizontal Situation Indicator (HSI)
44
21
Bearing 1 Information
VNAV Indicator or Vertical Deviation
Indicator
45 Zero Pitch Line
22
Flap Position
46
Standard Rate Turn Triangle
23
Trim Position
47
Flight Path Marker
24
Standard Rate Turn Indicator
48
ESP Limits
Annun/Alerts
Airspeed Indicator
AFCS
3
Additional
Features
Bearing 2 Pointer
Hazard
Avoidance
26
Flight
Planning
True Airspeed (TAS)
GPS
Navigation
2
CNS
Interface
Half-standard Rate Turn Indicator
EIS
25
Flight
Instruments
AFCS Status Box
System
Overview
1
Appendix
Index
190-02472-00 Rev. A
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
45
AIRSPEED INDICATOR
NOTE: The G3X Touch Vspeed Reference values and Flaps Tick Mark values
depend upon the aircraft’s specific system configuration and may vary from
the examples discussed in this section.
The Airspeed Indicator displays airspeed on a rolling number gauge using a moving
tape. The true airspeed (TAS) is displayed in knots above the Airspeed Indicator. The
numeric labels and major tick marks on the moving tape are marked at intervals of
10 knots, miles per hour, or kilometers (depending on system configuration). Speed
indication starts at 30 knots. The actual airspeed is displayed inside the black pointer.
The pointer remains black until reaching never-exceed speed (VNE), at which point it
turns red.
A color-coded (red, white, green, yellow, and red/white “barber pole”) speed range
strip is located on the moving tape. The colors denote flaps operating range, normal
operating range, caution range, and never-exceed speed (VNE). A red range is also
present for low speed awareness.
The Airspeed Trend Vector is a vertical, magenta line, extending up or down on the
airspeed scale, shown to the right of the color-coded speed range strip. The end of
the trend vector corresponds to the predicted airspeed in 6 seconds if the current rate
of acceleration is maintained. If the trend vector crosses VNE, the text of the actual
airspeed readout changes to yellow. The trend vector is absent if the speed remains
constant or if any data needed to calculate airspeed is not available due to a system
failure.
True Airspeed
AFCS
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
Flight Instruments
Annun/Alerts
Vspeed References
Actual Airspeed
Appendix
Airspeed Trend Vector
Index
Airspeed Color Ranges
Ground Speed
Airspeed Indicator
46
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190-02472-00 Rev. A
Flight Instruments
System
Overview
VNE ADJUSTED FOR TRUE AIRSPEED OR MACH NUMBER
(OPTIONAL)
Flight
Instruments
EIS
The airspeed indicator can optionally be configured to display VNE adjusted for true
airspeed or maximum Mach number (MMO). This is useful in aircraft where true
airspeed or Mach number must be kept below a certain limit. If configured, the G3X
Touch PFD can calculate an adjusted VNE based on TAS or Mach in addition to IAS,
which will cause the displayed value for VNE to be reduced at high altitudes. A solid
red band is used between the TAS or Mach limit and the actual indicated value for VNE.
CNS
Interface
GPS
Navigation
Vne (indicated airspeed)
Flight
Planning
TAS or Mach limit
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
Vne Adjusted for True Airspeed
VSPEED REFERENCE
Annun/Alerts
Appendix
When airspeed is present, the Vspeeds configured are also displayed at their
respective locations to the right of the airspeed scale, otherwise the Vspeeds are
displayed at the bottom of the airspeed indicator.
AFCS
Vspeed references including VNE, Vno, Vso, Vs1, Vfe, Va, Vx, Vy, VYse, Vg, Vr, as well as several
custom Vspeeds can be configured from the Aircraft Configuration Page, refer to the
G3X Touch Installation Manual for more information.
Index
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Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
47
System
Overview
Flight Instruments
Flight
Instruments
Vspeed References
EIS
Vspeed References
Vspeed References
(without airspeed)
ATTITUDE INDICATOR
Attitude information is displayed over a virtual blue sky and brown ground with a
white horizon line. The Attitude Indicator displays the pitch (indicated by the yellow
symbolic aircraft on the pitch scale), roll, and slip/skid information.
The horizon line is part of the pitch scale. Pitch markings occur at 2.5˚ intervals
through all pitch ranges.
The inverted white triangle indicates zero on the roll scale. Major tick marks at 30˚
and 60˚ and minor tick marks at 10˚, 20˚, and 45˚ are shown to the left and right of the
zero. Angle of bank is indicated by the position of the pointer on the roll scale.
Slip/skid is indicated by the location of the ball.
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
Vspeed References
(with airspeed)
9
AFCS
1
1
Roll Pointer
2
Roll Scale
3
Horizon Line
4
Aircraft Symbol
5
Slip/Skid Indicator
6
Land Representation
6
7
Pitch Scale
5
8
Sky Representation
9
Roll Scale Zero
8
2
Annun/Alerts
7
3
Appendix
4
Index
Attitude Indicator
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Flight Instruments
8
2
7
10
3
6
Attitude Indicator W/AFCS and SVX
Roll Scale
3
Horizon Line
4
Aircraft Symbol
5
Slip/Skid Indicator
6
Land Representation
7
Pitch Scale
8
Sky Representation
9
Roll Scale Zero
CNS
Interface
5
2
EIS
4
Roll Pointer
Flight
Instruments
1
1
System
Overview
9
GPS
Navigation
10 Flight Director
Command Bars
STANDARD RATE TURN BANK ANGLE POINTERS
Flight
Planning
The Standard Rate Turn Bank Angle Pointers are green pointers displayed on the roll
scale that shows the bank angle that is needed for a standard rate turn.
Hazard
Avoidance
Standard Rate Turn Bank Angle Pointers
Additional
Features
AFCS
Displaying the standard rate turn bank angle pointers:
1) With the full screen PFD displayed, press the MENU Key.
2) Touch More Options....
3) Touch
in the Standard Rate Turn Bank Angle Pointers group to
display the Standard Rate Turn Bank Angle Pointers options.
4) Touch Show.
Annun/Alerts
Appendix
Index
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Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
49
ALTIMETER
The Altimeter displays 400 feet of barometric altitude values at a time on a rolling
number gauge using a moving tape. Numeric labels and major tick marks are shown
at intervals of 100 feet. Minor tick marks are at intervals of 20 feet. The current
altitude is displayed in the black pointer.
The Selected Altitude is displayed above the Altimeter in the box indicated by a
selection bug symbol. A bug corresponding to this altitude is shown on the tape; if
the Selected Altitude exceeds the range shown on the tape, the bug appears at the
corresponding edge of the tape.
Setting the selected altitude:
Turn the large Knob associated with the PFD to set the Selected Altitude in
100-ft increments.
Or:
1) Touch the Selected Altitude.
2) Enter the desired altitude using the keypad and touch Enter.
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
Flight Instruments
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Syncing to the current altitude:
1) Touch the Selected Altitude.
2) Touch Set to Current and touch Enter.
NOTE: 'Set For Field' is only available when aircraft is on ground.
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Syncing to the local barometric pressure setting:
1) From the PFD Page, touch the barometic pressure.
2) Touch 'Set For Field'.
3) Verify indicated altitude matches local field elevation.
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Flight Instruments
System
Overview
Selected Altitude
Flight
Instruments
Selected Altitude Bug
EIS
CNS
Interface
GPS
Navigation
Flight
Planning
Barometric Setting
Altimeter
Hazard
Avoidance
BAROMETRIC PRESSURE
Appendix
Index
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
Annun/Alerts
190-02472-00 Rev. A
AFCS
Selecting the altimeter barometric pressure setting:
Turn the large right Knob associated with the PFD to set the barometric
pressure.
Or:
1) Touch the Barometric Pressure on the PFD.
2) Touch the Set For Field button if aircraft is on the ground.
Or:
3) Touch the Set To Standard button if aircraft is in the air.
Or:
4) Enter the desired pressure using the keypad and touch Enter.
Additional
Features
The barometric pressure setting is displayed below the Altimeter in inches of mercury
(in Hg) or hectopascals (hPa) when metric units are selected.
51
BAROMETRIC MINIMUM ALERT
For altitude awareness, a barometric Minimum Descent Altitude (MDA) or Decision
Height (DH) can be set by the user and is reset when the power is cycled. Once the
user-defined altitude is within the range of the tape, a light blue bug appears at the
reference altitude on the Altimeter. Once the aircraft reaches the user-defined MDA/
DH, the bug and text turn yellow and the aural alert, “Minimums Minimums”, is heard.
Light Blue Within Range
Yellow When Altitude Reached
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
Flight Instruments
Barometric
Minimum
Bug
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
Barometric
Minimum
Bug
AFCS
Barometric
Minimum Box
Barometric
Minimum Box
Barometric Minimum Visual Annunciations
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
Setting the barometric minimum alert bug:
1) With the full screen PFD displayed, press the MENU Key.
2) Touch Set... in the Minimums Field.
3) Enter the minimum altitude using the keypad and touch Enter.
Index
Turning the minimums alert tone on/off:
1) Press the MENU Key twice.
2) Touch Setup > Sound.
3) Touch Disabled or Enabled in the Minimums Alert field.
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Flight Instruments
Flight
Instruments
The Altitude Alerting function provides the pilot with visual and aural alerts when
approaching the Selected Altitude. Whenever the Selected Altitude is changed, the
Altitude Alerter is reset. The following will occur when approaching the Selected
Altitude:
System
Overview
ALTITUDE ALERTING
• Passing within 1000 feet of the Selected Altitude, the Selected Altitude (shown
above the Altimeter) flashes for 5 seconds and an aural tone is generated.
EIS
• When the aircraft passes within 200 ft of the Selected Altitude, the Selected
Altitude flashes for 5 seconds and an aural tone is generated to indicate that the
aircraft is approaching the selected altitude.
CNS
Interface
Flight
Planning
Deviation of ±200 ft
GPS
Navigation
• After reaching the Selected Altitude, if the pilot flies outside the deviation band
(±200 Feet of the Selected Altitude), the Selected Altitude changes to yellow text,
flashes for 5 seconds, and an aural tone is generated.
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
AFCS
Altitude Alerting Visual Annunciation
Annun/Alerts
Turning the altitude alert tone on/off:
1) Press the MENU Key twice.
2) Touch Setup > Sound.
3) Touch Disabled or Enabled in the Altitude Alert field.
Appendix
Index
190-02472-00 Rev. A
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
53
VERTICAL SPEED INDICATOR (VSI)
The Vertical Speed Indicator displays the aircraft vertical speed using a non-moving
tape labeled in fpm with minor tick marks every 100 feet up to 1000 fpm and major
tick marks every 500 feet. The current vertical speed is displayed using a white arrow
along the tape.
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
Flight Instruments
Hazard
Avoidance
Current Vertical Speed
Additional
Features
Vertical Speed Indicator
AFCS
VERTICAL DEVIATION INDICATOR AND VNAV INDICATOR
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
NOTE: An external navigator (i.e., SL30 Nav/Comm Transceiver and/or the
GTN or GNS Series Units) must be configured to receive glideslope and/or
glidepath vertical deviation indications.
GLIDESLOPE - ILS SOURCE
The Vertical Deviation (Glideslope) Indicator (VDI) appears to the left of the altimeter
whenever an ILS frequency is tuned in the active NAV field of an external navigator.
A green diamond acts as the VDI Indicator, like a glideslope needle on a conventional
indicator. The green 'G' indicates a external glideslope source. If a localizer frequency
is tuned and there is no glideslope signal, “NO GS” is annunciated.
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Flight Instruments
System
Overview
Vertical
Deviation
Source
Flight
Instruments
Vertical
Deviation
Indicator
EIS
CNS
Interface
GPS
Navigation
Vertical Deviation Indicator
(Glideslope-ILS Source)
GLIDEPATH - GPS SOURCE
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
Vertical
Deviation
Source
Flight
Planning
The Vertical Deviation (Glidepath) Indicator (VDI) also appears to the left of the
altimeter during a GPS approach. The glidepath is analogous to the glideslope for
GPS approaches supporting WAAS vertical guidance (LNAV+V, L/VNAV, LPV). The
Glidepath Indicator appears on the G3X Touch as a magenta diamond. The magenta
'G' indicates a external GPS source. If the approach type downgrades past the final
approach fix (FAF), “NO GP” is annunciated.
AFCS
Annun/Alerts
Vertical
Deviation
Indicator
Appendix
Index
Vertical Deviation Indicator
(Glidepath-GPS Source)
190-02472-00 Rev. A
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
55
VNAV INDICATOR
An external navigation source is not required to receive VNAV indications (although if
an external navigator is used, VNAV settings are hidden on the PFD with the exception of
vertical deviation which is received from the external navigator). When the VNAV profile
is defined, the pilot may be informed of the progress by message alerts, if configured. A
magenta chevron (VNAV Indicator) to the left of the altimeter on the Vertical Deviation
Scale shows the VNAV profile, and a magenta chevron (Required Vertical Speed Indicator
(RVSI)) on the Vertical Speed Indicator indicates the required vertical speed to reach the
target altitude. The magenta 'V' indicates a VNAV profile is active. Refer to Section
2.3 for more information. The VNAV deviation indicator and the glideslope/glidepath
deviation indicators may be shown simultaneously when applicable.
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
Flight Instruments
Flight
Planning
Vertical
Deviation
Source
Hazard
Avoidance
VNAV
Indicator
Additional
Features
RVSI
Indicator
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
VNAV Indicator
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Flight Instruments
CNS
Interface
GPS
Navigation
Adjusting the selected heading:
Turn the small left Knob associated with the PFD to adjust the selected
heading.
Or:
1) Touch the selected heading on the PFD.
2) Enter the desired heading using the keypad and touch Enter.
EIS
The Selected Heading is shown to the left of the HSI The light blue bug on the
compass rose corresponds to the Selected Heading.
Flight
Instruments
The Horizontal Situation Indicator (HSI) displays a rotating compass card in a
heading-up orientation at the bottom of the page. Letters indicate the cardinal points
and numeric labels occur every 30˚. Major tick marks are at 10˚ intervals and minor tick
marks at 5˚ intervals. The current track is represented on the HSI by a magenta triangle
and dashed line. The HSI also presents course deviation, bearing, and navigation
source information.
System
Overview
HORIZONTAL SITUATION INDICATOR (HSI)
Flight
Planning
Hazard
Avoidance
Syncing to the current heading:
1) Touch the selected heading on the PFD.
2) Touch Set To Current and touch Enter.
Or:
1) If necessary, press the PFD Knob to toggle from Baro to Heading.
2) Press and hold the PFD Knob to sync to current heading.
Additional
Features
AFCS
Annun/Alerts
Appendix
Index
190-02472-00 Rev. A
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
57
Flight Instruments
System
Overview
1
2
Flight
Instruments
3
11
EIS
4
CNS
Interface
5
6
GPS
Navigation
10
9
7
8
7
Rotating Compass Rose
2
Course Deviation & To/From
Indicator
Selected Heading
8
Selected Heading Bug
3
Current Heading
9
Aircraft Symbol
4
Turn Rate Indicator
10
To/From Indicator
5
Navigation Source
11
Lateral Deviation Scales
6
Course Deviation Indicator
(CDI)
Horizontal Situation Indicator (HSI)
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
1
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Flight Instruments
Flight
Instruments
NOTE: Some or all HSI annunciations may appear in the four quadrants of
the G3X Touch HSI depending on the external navigator(s) configured.
System
Overview
HSI ANNUNCIATIONS
EIS
Navigation
Source: GPS
or NAV (VOR,
Localizer)
VFR CDI scale
Flight Phase
Flight Phase
(IFR): APR, TERM,
ENR, OCN, LNAV,
L/VNAV, LNAV+V,
or LPV
Hazard
Avoidance
Cross Track Value:
'XTK x.xx NM' or
similar
Flight
Planning
LOI, VFR,
OBS
REV, MSG,
or INT
XTK x.xx NM
VFR CDI Scales:
0.25nm, 1.25nm,
5.00nm
GPS
Navigation
Additional
Features
HSI Annunciations
AFCS
LOI: Loss of GPS integrity.
VFR: An external GPS source is
configured but there is not enough
guidance data for IFR use or the
pilot has elected to use the internal
VFR GPS for navigation. Refer to
color explanations below.
REV: External Navigation Source
failed. Reverted to internal VFR
GPS for navigation.
MSG: External navigation source
has a pending message
INT: The pilot has elected to
use the internal GPS navigation
source instead of the external GPS
navigation source.
CNS
Interface
‘1’ or ‘2’ will appear
after the Navigation Source if more
than one external
navigation source is
configured.
Annun/Alerts
Appendix
Index
190-02472-00 Rev. A
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
59
Flight Instruments
External GPS Navigator Failure
If the external GPS navigator fails and the system reverts to the internal GPS, the
REV and VFR annunciations are displayed in yellow.
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
External GPS Navigator Configured
VFR
(Yellow)
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
REV (Yellow):
External Navigation Source failed.
Reverted to internal VFR GPS for
navigation
Intentional Pilot Selection of Internal GPS Navigation
If the external GPS navigator is configured (and functioning), however the pilot has
elected to use the internal GPS navigation source, the INT annunciation is displayed in
cyan and the VFR annunciation is displayed in magenta.
INT (Cyan):
The pilot has
elected to use
the internal GPS
navigation source
instead of the
external GPS
navigation.
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
External GPS Navigator Failure
VFR
(Magenta)
Index
Intentional Pilot Selection of Internal GPS Navigation
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Flight Instruments
• GPS is the bearing source and an
active waypoint is not selected
AFCS
• The NAV radio is not receiving
the tuned VOR station
Additional
Features
The bearing pointer is removed from the HSI and “NO DATA” is displayed in the
information window if:
Hazard
Avoidance
If an external NAV radio is the bearing source and it is tuned to an ILS frequency, the
bearing source and the bearing pointer are removed from the HSI and the frequency is
replaced with “ILS”. If VLOC1 or VLOC2 is the bearing source and it is tuned to a VOR
frequency, the frequency is replaced with the station identifier. If GPS is the bearing
source, the active waypoint identifier is displayed in lieu of a frequency.
Flight
Planning
• Frequency (NAV)
• GPS-derived great circle distance
to bearing source
GPS
Navigation
• Pointer icon (single lined or
double lined)
• Station/waypoint identifier (NAV,
GPS)
CNS
Interface
• Bearing source (NAV, GPS)
EIS
When a bearing pointer is displayed, its associated information window is also
displayed. The Bearing Information Windows are displayed at the lower sides of the
HSI. The following information may be displayed in the Bearing Information Windows:
Flight
Instruments
Two bearing pointers and associated information can be displayed on the HSI
for NAV (VOR, Localizer) and GPS sources as well as nearest or best airports. The
bearing pointers are light blue and are single-line (Bearing Pointer 1) or double-line
(Bearing Pointer 2). A pointer symbol is shown in the information windows to indicate
the navigation source. The bearing pointers never override the CDI and are visually
separated from the CDI by a white ring (shown when the bearing pointers are selected
but not necessarily visible due to data unavailability).
System
Overview
BEARING POINTERS AND INFORMATION WINDOWS
Annun/Alerts
Appendix
Index
190-02472-00 Rev. A
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
61
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
Flight Instruments
Bearing
Pointer 2
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
EIS
Bearing
Pointer 1
Bearing 1 Information Window
-Identifier
-Bearing Source
Flight
Planning
HSI with Bearing Pointers
AFCS
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Enabling/disabling the bearing pointer and changing sources:
1) With the full screen PFD displayed, press the MENU Key.
2) Touch
next to a bearing pointer to display the bearing pointer options.
3) Touch one of the available options or touch Off.
COURSE DEVIATION INDICATOR (CDI)
Appendix
The HSI contains a Course Deviation Indicator (CDI), with a Course Pointer, To/From
Indicator, and a sliding deviation bar and scale. The course pointer is a single line
arrow (GPS1, VOR1, and LOC1) or a double line arrow (GPS2, VOR2, and LOC2) which
points in the direction of the set course. The To/From arrow rotates with the course
pointer and is displayed when the active NAVAID is received.
The Course Deviation Indicator (CDI) moves left or right from the course pointer
along a lateral deviation scale to display aircraft position relative to the course. If the
course deviation data is not valid, the CDI is not displayed.
Index
Annun/Alerts
Bearing 2 Information Window
-Identifier
-Distance
Another Lateral Deviation Scale and combination Course Deviation and To/From
Indicator is optionally located below the slip/skid indicator.
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Flight Instruments
System
Overview
Lateral Deviation Scale
Lateral
Deviation
Scale
Flight
Instruments
Course Deviation &
To/From Indicator
Flight
Planning
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
NOTE: The G3X Touch internal GPS flight plan is only for VFR use.
GPS
Navigation
Changing the navigation source (GPS, VOR, LOC, or VLOC):
Use the associated external navigator to toggle between GPS and VOR/LOC source types.
Refer to the appropriate external navigator Pilot’s Guide (e.g., SL30 Nav/Comm Transceiver
Pilot’s Guide, or the GTN or GNS Series Pilot’s Guides) for more information. When an
external navigator is configured the internal GPS can still be used for VFR navigation.
CNS
Interface
Changing the Navigation Source
EIS
The CDI is capable of displaying two sources of navigation: GPS or NAV (VOR,
localizer) depending on the external navigator(s) configured (refer to the G3X Touch
Installation Manual for more information). Color indicates the current navigation
source: magenta (for GPS) or green (for VOR and LOC). The full-scale limits for the CDI
are defined by a GPS-derived distance when coupled to GPS. When coupled to a VOR
or localizer (LOC), the CDI has the same angular limits as a mechanical CDI. If the
CDI exceeds the maximum deviation on the scale (two dots) while coupled to GPS, the
crosstrack error (XTK) is displayed below the white aircraft symbol.
AFCS
Annun/Alerts
Appendix
Index
190-02472-00 Rev. A
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
63
CNS
Interface
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
Flight Instruments
Toggle the
External
Navigator
GPS
Navigation
GPS
Navigator 1
Toggle External Navigator
CDI Source
Flight
Planning
Toggle External Navigator
CDI Source
Hazard
Avoidance
GPS
Navigator 2
LOC
Navigator 1
Toggle the
External
Navigator
LOC
Navigator 2
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Additional
Features
(e.g., if the external navigator
is a GNS 430, press the CDI
Key on the GNS 430 to toggle
between GPS1 and LOC1 or
GPS2 and LOC2)
Index
Appendix
CDI Source
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Flight Instruments
EIS
CNS
Interface
GPS
Navigation
Manually displaying the G-meter:
1) With the full screen PFD displayed, press the MENU Key.
2) Touch More Options....
3) Touch
in the G Meter group to display the G-meter options.
4) Touch On (Replace HSI).
Flight
Instruments
Whenever the G load on the airplane goes above +2.1G or below -0.5G, the HSI is
temporarily replaced with a large graphical G-meter. To remove the G-meter, touch the
displayed G-meter. Regardless of the current G load, the HSI can be replaced with a
G-meter by changing the ‘G METER’ setting on the PFD setup page. The G-meter will
be displayed until the setting is changed to auto or the power is cycled. Small white
triangles are used to indicate the minimum and maximum recorded G loads. When in
the auto display mode, the G-meter will automatically be displayed when an unusual
attitude is sensed (i.e., greater than +/- 65° roll or +30°/-20° pitch). Refer to the G3X
Touch installation manual for more information on configuring the G-meter.
System
Overview
G-METER
Flight
Planning
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
AFCS
Annun/Alerts
Appendix
Resetting the G-meter minimum and maximum markers:
1a) Press OBS on the PFD, enter the desired course using the keypad, and
touch Enter.
Or:
1b) With the full screen PFD displayed, or the split screen MFD on a base page,
touch the HSI.
2) Touch More Options....
3) Touch Reset G Meter.
Or:
Press OBS on the PFD, enter the desired course using the keypad, and
touch Enter.
Or:
1) If necessary, press the PFD Knob to toggle from Heading to Course.
2) Turn the PFD Knob associated with the Course.
Index
190-02472-00 Rev. A
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
65
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
Flight Instruments
EIS
Maximum
recorded
G load
CNS
Interface
Minimum
recorded
G load
G-meter
pointer
GPS
Navigation
G-meter
The HSI may be configured to provide directional information in either ‘Heading’ or
‘Auto Trk/Hdg’ “Track-up” modes. Selecting Heading Mode orients the HSI to display
aircraft heading in a conventional manner with heading shown at the top of the
compass card as indicated by the lubber line. In ‘Auto Trk/Hdg’ “Track-up” mode,
the aircraft symbol and lubber line move to indicate heading and wind correction
while ground track in shown at the top of the compass card. While in ‘Auto Trk/Hdg’
the HSI will remain heading-based when the aircraft is on the ground or when the
flight director is in HDG mode. Refer to the G3X Touch installation manual for more
information on configuring the HSI Orientation.
Changing HSI orientation:
1) With the full screen PFD displayed, press the MENU Key.
2) Touch More Options.
3) Touch
in the HSI Orientation field to display the HSI Orientation
options.
4) Touch Heading or Auto Trk/Hdg.
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
HSI ORIENTATION
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Flight Instruments
System
Overview
Current
Ground
Track
Flight
Instruments
Heading
Pointer
EIS
Aircraft
Symbol
showing
wind
correction
CNS
Interface
GPS
Navigation
Track up HSI
AFCS
Annun/Alerts
When manually selecting the internal GPS flight plan, ‘INT’ is displayed in light blue
in the lower left quadrant of the HSI.
Additional
Features
Touch FPL Source > Internal on the Active Flight Plan Page, to temporarily allow
flight planning through the G3X Touch using the internal GPS flight plan when an
external GPS Navigator is configured. Touch FPL Source > External GPS to return
to the external GPS navigator’s flight plan.
Hazard
Avoidance
CAUTION: When switching from a 'external' to a 'internal' flight plan source a
loss of information can occur. Information for full approaches, holds, altitude
contraints, etc. will be lost. What was once an approach in the flight plan
is converted to a random collection of waypoints. Additionally, previously
curved paths become straight, point-to-point lines.
Flight
Planning
MANUALLY SWITCHING BETWEEN INTERNAL AND EXTERNAL
FLIGHT PLAN SOURCES
Appendix
Index
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67
FAILURE OF THE EXTERNAL GPS NAVIGATION SOURCE
If the system automatically reverts to using the internal GPS navigation source due
to unavailablity of the external GPS navigation data, 'REV' is display in the lower left
quadrant of the HSI and 'VFR' is displayed in the lower right quadrant. In addition,
a system status message 'Using internal GPS flight plan for navigation' is displayed.
CDI SCALE SELECTION (INTERNAL GPS ONLY)
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
Flight Instruments
Three factors determine the default distance from the center of the CDI to full left
or right limits:
• CDI scale = 1.25 nm - within 30 nm of any airport in the active route.
• CDI scale = 0.25 nm - on an approach leg or within 2 nm of the FAF or MAP.
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
NOTE: When an external GPS navigator is in use, the pilot cannot change
the CDI scale.
• CDI scale = 5.0 nm - if the previous two conditions do not exist.
AUTO-SWITCHING
Some external navigators have the ability to automatically switch CDI sources from
GPS to VLOC when flying a ILS, LOC, LDA, or SDF approach. This is indicated on the
HSI by a change in course pointer color from magenta to green. Additionally, the
external navigator may have the ability to automatically switch the LOC course pointer
when the CDI source change occurs. Reference the appropriate external navigator
documentation for more information.
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
NOTE: The CDI scale can be manually adjusted and will not resume "auto"
scale until the auto scale aligns with the manual scale.
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Flight Instruments
EIS
CNS
Interface
Turn Rate Indicator
(Standard Rate Tick Marks)
GPS
Navigation
Current Heading
Flight
Planning
Turn Rate Trend
Vector
Current Track
Indicator
Hazard
Avoidance
Turn Rate Indicator
Additional
Features
OBS MODE
69
Index
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
Appendix
While OBS Mode is enabled, a course line is drawn through the “active-to” waypoint
on the moving map. If desired, the course to/from the waypoint can now be adjusted.
When OBS Mode is disabled, the GPS flight plan returns to normal operation with
automatic sequencing of waypoints, following the course set in OBS Mode. The flight
path on the moving map retains the modified course line.
Annun/Alerts
Enabling Omni-bearing Selector (OBS) Mode suspends the automatic sequencing
of waypoints in a GPS flight plan, but retains the current “active-to” waypoint as the
navigation reference even after passing the waypoint. ‘OBS’ is annunciated to the left
of the aircraft symbol when OBS Mode is selected.
AFCS
NOTE: If configured, the selected external GPS navigator (i.e., GTN or GNS
Series Units) is used to set the OBS Mode.
190-02472-00 Rev. A
Flight
Instruments
The Turn Rate Indicator is located above the HSI. Tick marks to the left and right
of the displayed heading denote 1/2 standard turn and standard turn rates (3 deg/
sec). A magenta Turn Rate Trend Vector shows the current turn rate. The end of the
trend vector gives the heading predicted in 6 seconds, based on the present turn rate.
A standard-rate turn is shown on the indicator by the trend vector stopping at the
standard turn rate tick mark, corresponding to a predicted heading of 18˚ from the
current heading. At rates greater than 4 deg/sec, an arrowhead appears at the end of
the magenta trend vector and the prediction is no longer valid.
System
Overview
TURN RATE INDICATOR
Flight Instruments
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
Enabling/disabling OBS Mode (without external GPS navigator):
1) While navigating a flight plan or Direct-to, touch CRS on the PFD.
2) Touch Yes on the 'Set OBS and hold?' window.
3) Touch Sync Course or enter the desired course to/from the waypoint using
the keypad and touch Enter.
4) To cancel OBS Mode and return to automatic waypoint sequencing, touch
OBS on the PFD.
5) Touch Release OBS Hold.
Or:
1) From the Active Flight Plan Page, press the MENU Key
2) Touch Set OBS and Hold.
3) Touch Sync Course or enter the desired course to/from the waypoint using
the keypad and touch Enter.
4) To cancel OBS Mode and return to automatic waypoint sequencing, press
the MENU Key.
5) Touch OBS Course.
6) Touch Release OBS Hold.
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Additional
Features
Adjusting the OBS course:
Press OBS on the PFD, enter the desired course using the keypad, and
touch Enter.
Or:
1) If necessary, press the PFD Knob to toggle from Heading to Course.
2) Turn the PFD Knob associated with the Course.
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Flight Instruments
Flight
Instruments
In addition to the flight instruments, the PFD also displays various supplemental
information, including the Outside Air Temperature (OAT), wind data, and Vertical
Navigation (VNAV) indications.
System
Overview
2.2 SUPPLEMENTAL FLIGHT DATA
OUTSIDE AIR TEMPERATURE
EIS
The Outside Air Temperature (OAT) is displayed in degrees Fahrenheit (°F) or degrees
Celsius (°C) on the PFD (GDU 470) or on the PFD Status Bar (GDU 460).
CNS
Interface
GPS
Navigation
Outside Air Temperature
Flight
Planning
Outside Air Temperature on PFD (GDU 470)
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
Outside Air Temperature
Outside Air Temperature on PFD Status Bar (GDU 460)
AFCS
Annun/Alerts
Changing the outside air temperature setting:
1) Press the MENU Key twice to display the Main Menu.
2) Touch Setup > Units.
3) Touch
in the Air Temperature field to display the Air Temperature
options.
4) Touch Fahrenheit (°F) or Celsius (°C).
Appendix
Index
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71
WIND DATA
Wind direction/speed or headwind/Crosswind information can be displayed in a
window to the upper left of the HSI. When the window is selected for display, but
wind information is invalid or unavailable, the window displays “No Wind Data”.
Showing/hiding wind data:
1) From the full-screen PFD, press the MENU Key.
2) Touch More Options.
3) Touch
in the Wind Vector field to display the Air Temperature options.
4) Touch Speed/Dir, Head/X-wind, or Off.
Wind
Speed and
Direction
Headwind
and
Crosswind
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
Flight Instruments
USER TIMER
The G3X Touch provides a simple stopwatch for measuring arbitrary periods of time
separately from the Flight Timer. The User Timer can be accessed from the Main Menu
or by touching the field labeled 'TMR' in the PFD Status Bar. Additionally, the User
Timer can be optionally configured to appear in the Data Bar at the top of all screens.
Using the User Timer:
1) From any screen, press the MENU key twice.
2) Touch User Timer.
Or: Touch the TMR field, if present, in the Status Bar at the bottom of the
display.
Or: Touch the Timer field, if present, in the Data Bar at the top of the display.
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Additional
Features
Wind Data
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Flight Instruments
a Stop button which pauses the Timer. Reset will set the Timer to zero and stop the
Timer. Pressing the Back Key to close the User Timer box will not interrupt the Timer.
System
Overview
Touch Start to start the Timer. While the Timer is running, the Start button becomes
Flight
Instruments
User Timer
EIS
GPS
Navigation
Flight
Planning
Hazard
Avoidance
Adding User Timer to Data Bar:
1) From any screen, press the MENU key twice.
2) Touch Setup.
3) Touch Data Bar.
4) Find User Timer Button in the list. Touch
to set the User Timer to Show
On Left, Show On Right, or Hide.
5) Touch the Timer button on the Data Bar to access the User Timer dialog
box.
CNS
Interface
User Timer on Status Bar
Additional
Features
User Timer on Data Bar
AFCS
2.3 VERTICAL NAVIGATION (VNAV)
Appendix
The Vertical Navigation Page provides settings for the vertical navigation feature.
These settings create a three-dimensional profile from the present location and altitude
to a final (target) altitude at a specified location.
Annun/Alerts
CAUTION: Internal VNAV is only a VFR navigation aid and is not intended
for instrument approaches.
Index
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73
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
Flight Instruments
When the VNAV profile is defined, the pilot is informed of the progress by message
alerts. A magenta chevron (VNAV Indicator) to the left of the altimeter on the Vertical
Deviation Scale shows the VNAV profile, and a magenta chevron (Required Vertical
Speed Indicator (RVSI)) on the Vertical Speed Indicator indicates the required vertical
speed to reach the target altitude.
The Vertical Navigation feature is only available when navigating a Direct-to or flight
plan, and the ground speed is greater than 35 knots.
VNAV autopilot in HDG mode.
One minute prior to the initial descent point the “Approaching VNAV Profile”
message appears and the ‘Estimated Time to VNAV’ (on Active Flight Plan Page) goes
blank. The descent angle locks to prevent changes in speed from altering the profile.
The VNAV feature does not take into account any changes in ground speed that occur
during the transition from level flight to descent.
At 200 ft above the target altitude, the “Approaching Target Altitude” message
appears, and the VNAV indicator disappears from the PFD.
AFCS
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
NOTE: The Vertical Navigation feature is not available when using the
VN
o
Pr
Annun/Alerts
AV
file
Appendix
Distance to Profile
Target Altitude
Index
Distance to Target
Airport
Visual Representation of VNAV
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Flight Instruments
VNAV Indicator
Flight
Instruments
Use the VNAV (Vertical Navigation) feature to ensure the aircraft is at the proper
altitude. The magenta VNAV Indicator appears on the PFD. A message appears when
approaching the VNAV Profile. When the VNAV Indicator is in the vertical center of
the Vertical Deviation Scale, the aircraft is at the proper altitude for the VNAV Profile.
System
Overview
USING THE VNAV FEATURE
Vertical Deviation Scale
EIS
VNAV Target
Altitude
CNS
Interface
GPS
Navigation
Required Vertical
Speed Indicator
Flight
Planning
Hazard
Avoidance
VNAV Indications
Additional
Features
Appendix
Index
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
Annun/Alerts
190-02472-00 Rev. A
AFCS
Configuring a VNAV profile:
1) Press the MENU Key twice.
2) Touch VNAV.
3) Touch the Waypoint field and choose the desired VNAV waypoint.
4) Touch the Profile value.
5) Enter the desired descent rate in fpm using the keypad and touch Enter.
6) Touch the Altitude value.
7) Enter the desired altitude using the keypad and touch Enter.
8) Touch Above WPT or MSL.
9) Touch the By value.
10) Enter the desired distance using the keypad and touch Enter.
11) Touch Before or After.
75
Flight Instruments
System
Overview
12) Touch On or Off to enable or disable VNAV Messages.
• Waypoint—Enter any waypoint along the currently active route as the
reference waypoint. The reference waypoint defines the target location.
Flight
Instruments
• Profile—Enter the descent rate.
• Altitude—Enter the desired reference waypoint altitude. Select ‘Above
EIS
Waypoint’ to use field elevation for airports in the navigation database or
‘MSL’ to specify an exact MSL altitude target.
CNS
Interface
NOTE: Some waypoints such as intersections do not have an altitude
GPS
Navigation
in the database and thus only the VNAV altitude in MSL (not Above
Waypoint) may be specified for these waypoints.
• By—Enter the target location with settings of distance ‘Before’ or ‘After’ a
Flight
Planning
reference waypoint. To set a target location at a reference waypoint, enter a
distance of zero.
• VNAV Messages—Select ‘On’ or ‘Off’ to enable/disable VNAV alert messages.
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Forcing capture of the VNAV profile:
1) While navigating a flight plan or Direct-to, press the MENU Key twice.
2) Touch VNAV and enter a valid VNAV profile and begin navigation.
3) From the Vertical Navigation Page, press the MENU Key.
4) Touch Capture VNAV Profile. Selecting Capture VNAV Profile centers
the VNAV indicator.
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Canceling the VNAV profile:
1) While navigating a flight plan or Direct-to with a valid VNAV profile, press
the MENU Key twice.
2) Touch VNAV.
3) Press the MENU Key.
4) Touch Cancel VNAV Profile.
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EIS
System
Overview
SECTION 3 ENGINE INDICATION SYSTEM
NOTE: The display of the G3X Touch Engine Indication System depends upon
the current configuration and may vary from the examples discussed in this
section.
EIS
The G3X Touch EIS displays engine, electrical, and other system parameters.
Additional EIS information can be viewed by selecting the Eng Page on the MFD.
Flight
Instruments
3.1 EIS DISPLAY & ENG PAGE
CNS
Interface
GPS
Navigation
1
2
Flight
Planning
3
Hazard
Avoidance
4
Additional
Features
5
AFCS
6
Annun/Alerts
9
7
Appendix
8
Index
Example Engine Indication System
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77
EIS
7
8
12
9
4
11
10
14
2
3
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
1
6
15
13
Example Main Tab on the Eng Page
4
16
9
11
AFCS
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
5
Green bands on the instruments indicate normal ranges of operation; yellow and red
bands indicate caution and warning, respectively. When unsafe operating conditions
occur, the corresponding caution readout will display solid yellow and the warning
readout will flash red. If sensory data to an instrument becomes invalid or unavailable,
a red “X” is displayed across the instrument.
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
Example Fuel Calculator Tab on the Eng Page
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EIS
Displays manifold pressure to indicate engine power
2
Engine Power
Estimated engine power output expressed as a percentage
3
Tachometer (RPM)
Displays propeller speed in revolutions per minute (rpm)
4
Fuel Flow
Displays fuel flow
5
Oil Pressure
Displays oil pressure
6
Oil Temperature
Displays oil temperature
7
Cylinder Head Temperature Displays the cylinder head temperature
8
Exhaust Gas Temperature
Displays the Exhaust Gas Temperature
9
Fuel Quantity
Displays the amount of fuel. Capable of displaying 1-4
fuel tank readings.
13 Engine Hours (Tach)
Counted whenever a valid RPM is detected.
14 Ammeter
Displays the main bus amps
15 Total Hours
Refer to the G3X Touch Installation Manual
16 Fuel Calculator
Calculates fuel endurance, range, and economy
Additional
Features
Activates/deactivates Lean Assist (optional)
Hazard
Avoidance
12 Lean Assist
Flight
Planning
Displays fuel pressure
GPS
Navigation
11 Fuel Pressure
CNS
Interface
Displays the main bus voltage
EIS
10 Voltmeter
Flight
Instruments
Engine Manifold Pressure
System
Overview
1
AFCS
Annun/Alerts
Appendix
Index
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79
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
EIS
3.3 LEAN ASSIST MODE (OPTIONAL)
NOTE: The pilot should follow the engine manufacturer’s recommended
leaning procedures as described in the Pilot’s Operating Handbook (POH).
A Lean Assist Button is displayed on the Eng Page when Lean Assist Mode is enabled
and at least one Exhaust Gas Temperature (EGT) or Turbine Inlet Temperature (TIT)
input is configured (refer to the G3X Touch Installation Manual for more information).
CNS
Interface
Using Lean Assist Mode:
When the Lean Assist is selected, the Lean Assist Mode waits for a cylinder’s EGT
to reach a peak temperature and decrease by at least 7°F. To prevent detection of
false peaks, the system waits for a cylinder’s EGT to increase by at least 15°F before
detecting a peak. In addition, if the cylinder temperature rises above a previously
detected peak by more than 100°F, the previous peak is considered false.
The following bar graph is displayed when four or more EGT cylinders are configured
and the same number of EGT and CHT probes are configured. When each cylinder
peaks, its bar changes from green to blue, and the white EGT number changes to a
blue delta number. The blue delta number is the difference between current EGT and
peak EGT for each cylinder. The first cylinder to peak is identified with a solid blue box
around the delta number, and the last cylinder to peak is identified with a hollow blue
box. The outline and grey number above each bar displays the actual peak EGT value.
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
From the Main Tab of the Eng Page, touch Lean Assist. As the mixture is
leaned, one of the cylinders’ exhaust temperature will peak. Continuing to lean
the mixture will cause each additional cylinder to peak (if applicable) until the
last of the cylinders peaks. To cancel Lean Assist Mode, touch Lean Assist
again.
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EIS
System
Overview
Flight
Instruments
Cylinder
Peak EGT
Value
CHT
EIS
CNS
Interface
Indicates
Difference
Between Present and Peak
EGT Value
GPS
Navigation
Indicates Indicates Last
First Cylinder Cylinder to
to Peak
Peak
Flight
Planning
Lean Assist (Same Number Of EGT And CHT Probes Configured
And
Four Or More Cylinders Configured)
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
AFCS
Annun/Alerts
Appendix
Index
190-02472-00 Rev. A
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
81
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
EIS
The following graph is displayed if EGT data is configured on less than four cylinders
and a different number of EGT and CHT probes are configured. The temperature
deviation between the current temperature and the peak temperature for the cylinder
currently closest to its peak is displayed in light blue. A light blue hollow triangle
appears on the EGT gauge at the temperature where the first cylinder peaked.
Cylinder Peak
Temperature
CHT
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
EIS
Indicates Difference Between Present
and Peak Temperature
The following dual-pointer gauge is displayed when exactly two cylinders of EGT are
configured. Each cylinder has its own peak temperature triangle.
Indicates Difference Between Present
and Peak Temperature
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
Lean Assist (Different Number Of EGT And CHT Probes Configured
And
Less Than Four Cylinders Configured)
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Cylinder
One Peak
Temperature
Cylinder
Two Peak
Temperature
Index
Lean Assist (Two EGT Cylinders Configured)
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EIS
System
Overview
The following gauge is displayed when TIT is configured instead of EGT.
Indicates Difference Between Present
and Peak Temperature
Flight
Instruments
Peak
Temperature
EIS
CNS
Interface
Lean Assist (TIT Configured)
Flight
Planning
Hazard
Avoidance
If a fuel flow sensor is configured, the fuel flow value detected as the first cylinder
peaks is saved. The fuel flow corresponding to peak EGT is drawn on the fuel flow
gauge as a hollow blue pointer. This can be used to determine if you are on the rich
side of peak (ROP) or the lean side of peak (LOP). Rich of Peak (ROP) if the fuel flow
pointer is above the blue triangle, or Lean of Peak (LOP) if the fuel flow pointer is below
the blue triangle.
GPS
Navigation
NOTE: A ‘+’ (∆EGT) value indicates that the current temperature is greater
than the previously detected peak.
Additional
Features
AFCS
Fuel Flow Corresponding to
the peak EGT
Annun/Alerts
Appendix
Fuel Flow Gauge - Lean Assist
(Fuel Flow Sensor Configured)
Index
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83
The EIS displays the cylinder whose temperature is currently closest to its own peak
value (when Lean Assist Mode is active) as a white pointer with the cylinder number.
The peak temperature is depicted by a hollow blue pointer, and the temperature
deviation from peak (DEGT or DTIT) is displayed in place of the normal temperature
number in light blue text.
Cylinder with the
Temperature Closest to
Its Peak Value
CNS
Interface
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
EIS
Cylinder Peak
Temperature
Lean Assist (EIS) (Example)
3.4 FUEL CALCULATOR (OPTIONAL)
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
Difference
Between
Present
and Peak
Temperature
Refer to the Section 5.2, Using Map Displays, for information on displaying fuel
range rings on the Navigation Map.
Adjusting the Fuel Remaining or Fuel Used quantity:
1) From the ENG Page, touch the Fuel Calculator Tab.
2) Touch ‘+’ or ‘-’ to adjust the desired quantity.
Or:
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
WARNING: The G3X Touch Fuel Calculator and/or Fuel Range Rings are
NOT intended to be relied upon as the primary fuel indicator(s), and does
not relieve the pilot from the responsibility of proper flight planning. G3X
Touch fuel calculations do not use the aircraft fuel quantity indicators and
are calculated from the last time the fuel was reset.
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EIS
Or:
System
Overview
Touch the value to enter the fuel quantity using the keypad and touch Enter.
Touch the pre-configured preset value and touch Enter.
Flight
Instruments
Resetting the Fuel Used to zero:
1) From the ENG Page, touch the Fuel Calculator Tab.
2) Touch Reset.
EIS
CNS
Interface
GPS
Navigation
Flight
Planning
Hazard
Avoidance
Fuel Calculator
• WARNING (red): Requires immediate attention.
Appendix
• CAUTION (yellow): Requires pilot awareness and possible future corrective
action.
Annun/Alerts
CAS Messages are grouped by criticality (warning, caution, advisory). The color of
the message is based on its urgency and on required action:
AFCS
The Crew Alerting System (CAS) messages displayed depend upon the current
configuration, and will vary from the examples listed below. Refer to the G3X Touch
Installation Manual for more information on configuring CAS messages (if applicable).
Additional
Features
3.5 CAS MESSAGES
• ADVISORY (white): Provides general information.
Index
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85
Warning annunciation text is shown in red in the CAS Annunciation Window on the
PFD. The CAS Annunciation Window location is dependent on screen size. Touch an
active CAS message to acknowledge it.
CAS Warning Example
When more CAS messages are present than can be displayed in the available
window space, an upside-down triangle will appear in the CAS Annunciation Window.
Touch the CAS Annunciation Window to display the MFD CAS Messages Window.
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
EIS
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CNS Interface
System
Overview
SECTION 4 CNS INTERFACE
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
CNS
Interface
CNS Data Bar
4
STBY - Displays/removes the COM1 Standby Page. The COM1 Standby Page is used to enter and
transfer COM1 frequencies.
XPDR - Displays/removes the Transponder Page. The Transponder Page is used to select
Transponder functions
IDENT - Initiates the transponder Ident function
5
Configurable Data Fields - See Appendix A for complete list of options
6
COM 2 - Transfers the standby and active COM2 frequencies.
7
STBY - Displays/removes the COM2 Standby Page. The COM2 Standby Page is used to enter and
transfer COM2 frequencies.
Hazard
Avoidance
2
Flight
Planning
COM1 - Transfers the standby and active COM1 frequencies.
GPS
Navigation
1
3
EIS
The Communication/Navigation/Surveillance (CNS) system includes the
communication radios, navigation radios, and Mode S transponder. These functions
can be accessed from the boxes that make up the CNS Data Bar located at the top of
the PFD and/or MFD.
Flight
Instruments
4.1 CNS INTERFACE
Additional
Features
AFCS
Annun/Alerts
Appendix
Index
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87
4.2 AUTO-TUNING FREQUENCIES (OPTIONAL)
NOTE: Refer to the G3X Touch Installation Manual for more information on
the G3X Touch optional communication interfaces.
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
CNS Interface
CNS
Interface
EIS
Frequencies can be automatically tuned from the following:
• Nearest Air Traffic Control Page
• Map Page
• Weather Page
• Nearest Flight Service Station Page
• Waypoint Page
• Airway Review Page
• Nearest Airports Page
• Select Approach Page (no external
navigator configured)
GPS
Navigation
• Nearest Airport Weather Page
• Nearest VOR Page
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
Auto-tuning a frequency:
1) Touch the page navigation bar on the MFD.
2) Touch Waypoint.
3) Touch the waypoint identifier field at the top of the page.
4) Enter the desired waypoint and touch Enter.
5) Touch the desired frequency to tune.
6) OPTIONAL: Touch the desired COM radio if configured with more than one.
Or:
1) Touch the page navigation bar on the MFD
2) Touch Map or SXM Weather.
3) Touch the desired waypoint or airport on the map.
4) Touch the selected waypoint identifier name below the map.
5) Touch the desired frequency to tune.
6) OPTIONAL: Touch the desired COM radio if configured with more than one.
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CNS Interface
System
Overview
Or:
Press the NRST Key.
2)
Touch the page navigation bar.
3)
Touch Airports or Airport WX.
6)
Touch the desired frequency to tune.
7)
OPTIONAL: Touch the desired COM radio if configured with more than one.
Flight
Instruments
1)
EIS
Or:
2)
Touch the page navigation bar.
3)
Touch VORs.
4)
Touch the frequency button.
GPS
Navigation
Press the NRST Key.
CNS
Interface
1)
Or:
Press the NRST Key.
2)
Touch the page navigation bar.
3)
Touch Airspace.
4)
Touch the desired airspace.
5)
Touch Frequencies.
6)
Touch the desired frequency to tune.
7)
OPTIONAL: Touch the desired COM radio if configured with more than one.
Flight
Planning
1)
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
AFCS
Annun/Alerts
Appendix
Index
190-02472-00 Rev. A
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
89
4.3 COM RADIO (OPTIONAL)
The COM Frequency Box is composed of two fields; one active frequency is on the
left side and the standby frequency is on the right.
Active
Field
Standby
Field
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
CNS Interface
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
COM Radio on PFD
Index
COM Radio
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Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
190-02472-00 Rev. A
CNS Interface
System
Overview
Manually tuning a COM frequency:
1) Touch STBY on CNS Data Bar.
2) Enter the frequency using the keypad and touch Enter.
Or:
a) Touch Find.
b) Touch the Recent, Nearest Airports, Flight Plan, or User Tab.
c) Touch the frequency or touch Select Frequency....
Or:
a) Touch Find.
b) Touch Select an Airport.
c) Enter the four letter ICAO identifier for the desired airport.
d) Touch the desired frequency.
3) Touch the COM1 Frequency Field to transfer the frequency to the Active
Field.
Flight
Instruments
EIS
CNS
Interface
GPS
Navigation
Flight
Planning
Hazard
Avoidance
Adjusting COM Volume:
1) Touch STBY on CNS Data Bar.
2) Touch Volume.
3) Touch the slider to adjust the percentage.
Additional
Features
Monitoring the Standby COM:
1) Touch STBY on CNS Data Bar.
2) Touch Monitor. A green MON is displayed in the Standby Field.
Repeating steps 1 and 2 will stop monitoring the frequency.
AFCS
Annun/Alerts
Transferring Standby to Active:
From the CNS Data Bar, touch the COM 1 frequency field.
Or:
1) Press the STBY on the CNS Data Bar.
2) Touch XFER.
Appendix
Index
190-02472-00 Rev. A
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
91
CNS Interface
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
Adding a User Frequency:
1) Touch STBY on CNS Data Bar.
2) Touch Find.
3) Touch the User Tab.
4) Touch Edit User Frequencies.
5) Touch Add User Frequency.
6) Touch Name or Frequency.
7) Enter the name/frequency using the keypad and touch Enter.
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
Editing a User Frequency:
1) Touch STBY on CNS Data Bar.
2) Touch Find.
3) Touch the User Tab.
4) Touch Edit User Frequencies.
5) Touch the Name or Frequency to edit.
6) Enter the name/frequency using the keypad and touch Enter.
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Deleting a User Frequency:
1) Touch STBY on CNS Data Bar.
2) Touch Find.
3) Touch the User Tab.
4) Touch Edit User Frequencies.
5) Touch Delete.
6) Touch Yes.
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CNS Interface
System
Overview
COM RADIO VOLUME SHORTCUT (GDU 460 ONLY)
Flight
Instruments
The Data Bar Setup page can enable a COM Radio Volume Shortcut panel that
appears while a COM panel is active. This shortcut panel displays touchscreen controls
for volume and toggle on/off squelch for the currently displayed COM radio. The
shortcut panel appears at the bottom of the PFD.
EIS
CNS
Interface
GPS
Navigation
Flight
Planning
COM Radio
Volume Level
and Squelch
Button
COM Radio Volume Shortcut
AFCS
When Automatic Squelch is disabled, the COM frequency and the Squelch on the
COM tuning page is highlighted green.
Additional
Features
Automatic Squelch quiets unwanted static noise when no audio signal is received,
while still providing good sensitivity to weak COM signals. To disable Automatic
Squelch, touch STBY > Squelch. When Automatic Squelch is disabled, COM audio
reception is always on. Continuous static noise may be heard over the headsets and
speaker, if selected. Touching STBY > Squelch again enables Automatic Squelch.
Hazard
Avoidance
AUTOMATIC SQUELCH
Annun/Alerts
ERROR MESSAGES
Copilot Push-to-Talk Stuck
Appendix
190-02472-00 Rev. A
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
Index
COM Error Messages on CNS Bar
93
CNS Interface
System
Overview
The following COM error messages may appear in the COM Radio Field on the
CNS Bar:
VOLUME KEY
IS STUCK
SOFTKEY #1 IS
STUCK
SOFTKEY #2 IS
STUCK
FREQ SWAP
KEY IS STUCK
MENU KEY IS
STUCK
ROTARY KNOB
KEY IS STUCK
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Message
Appendix
MON KEY IS
STUCK
Index
MULTIPLE
KEYS STUCK
94
Description
The key has been in the
pressed position for at least 30
seconds. This key will now be
ignored.
The key has been in the
pressed position for at least 30
seconds. This key will now be
ignored.
The key has been in the
pressed position for at least 30
seconds. This key will now be
ignored.
The key has been in the
pressed position for at least 30
seconds. This key will now be
ignored.
The key has been in the
pressed position for at least 30
seconds. This key will now be
ignored.
The key has been in the
pressed position for at least 30
seconds. This key will now be
ignored.
The key has been in the
pressed position for at least 30
seconds. This key will now be
ignored.
Multiple keys have been in the
pressed position for at least 30
seconds. This key will now be
ignored.
Action
Contact Garmin for service if the
message persists.
Contact Garmin for service if the
message persists.
Contact Garmin for service if the
message persists.
Contact Garmin for service if the
message persists.
Contact Garmin for service if the
message persists.
Contact Garmin for service if the
message persists.
Contact Garmin for service if the
message persists.
Contact Garmin for service if the
message persists.
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
190-02472-00 Rev. A
CNS Interface
Flight
Planning
Wait for unit to cool. Add
supplemental cooling if problem
persists.
Verify input voltage meets
minimum requirement identified
in installation manual. Contact
Garmin for service if message
persists.
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
INPUT
Transmit disabled because
VOLTAGE TOO
input voltage is too low.
LOW
Contact Garmin for service if this
message persists.
GPS
Navigation
An internal hardware
problem is preventing COM
transmission.
Transmit power reduced
because internal temperature
is too high.
CNS
Interface
TX
HARDWARE
FAULT
REDUCED TX
POWER - HI
TEMP
EIS
BOTH PTT
KEYS STUCK
Both Push To Talk keys have
been in the pressed position
for at least 35 seconds. This
key will now be ignored.
Flight
Instruments
COPILOT PTT
KEY STUCK
The Copilot Push To Talk
key has been in the pressed
position for at least 35
seconds. This key will now be
ignored.
Verify Push To Talk key is not
stuck. Refer to the installation
manual for installation wiring
tests. Contact Garmin for service
if this message persists.
Verify Push To Talk key is not
stuck. Refer to the installation
manual for installation wiring
tests. Contact Garmin for service
if this message persists.
Verify Push To Talk keys are not
stuck. Refer to the installation
manual for installation wiring
tests. Contact Garmin for service
if this message persists.
System
Overview
The Pilot Push To Talk key has
PILOT PTT KEY been in the pressed position
STUCK
for at least 35 seconds. This
key will now be ignored.
AFCS
Annun/Alerts
4.4 REMOTE TRANSPONDER INTERFACE
(OPTIONAL)
The G3X Touch is capable of interfacing with several remote transponders
providing Mode S interrogation and reply capabilities. Selective addressing or Mode
Select (Mode S) capability includes the following features:
Appendix
• Level-2 reply data link capability (used to exchange information between aircraft
and ATC facilities)
Index
190-02472-00 Rev. A
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
95
CNS Interface
System
Overview
• Surveillance identifier capability
Flight
Instruments
• Flight ID (Flight Identification) reporting - The Mode S Transponder reports
identification as either the aircraft registration or a unique Flight ID.
• Altitude Reporting
• Airborne status determination
EIS
• Transponder capability reporting
• Mode S Enhanced Surveillance (EHS) requirements
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
• Acquisition squitter - Acquisition squitter, or short squitter, is the transponder
24 bit identification address. The transmission is sent periodically, regardless
of the presence of interrogations. The purpose of the acquisition squitter is to
enable Mode S ground stations and aircraft equipped with a Traffic Avoidance
System (TAS) to recognize the presence of Mode S-equipped aircraft for selective
interrogation.
Touch to
Ident
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
Touch to
enter code or
change mode
Transponder
Reply
Code
Status
Mode
Transponder Data Box on CNS Bar
Index
Appendix
Transponder tuning for panel mount transponders like GTX 327 (Mode C).
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CNS Interface
The transponder mode will automatically switch between GND Mode and ALT Mode.
Flight
Instruments
Selecting a transponder code or mode:
1) Touch the transponder data box on the PFD.
2) Use the keypad to enter a code and touch Enter.
Or:
Touch STBY, GND/ALT, or ON to change the mode, and touch Enter.
System
Overview
TRANSPONDER CODE AND MODE SELECTION
EIS
CNS
Interface
GPS
Navigation
Flight
Planning
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
AFCS
Annun/Alerts
Appendix
190-02472-00 Rev. A
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
Index
Transponder Code, Mode, and Flight ID Entry
97
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
CNS Interface
GROUND MODE
Ground Mode is normally selected automatically when the aircraft is on the ground.
The transponder powers up in the last mode it was in when shut down. A green GND
indication and transponder code appear in the mode field of the Transponder Data
Box. In Ground Mode, the transponder does not allow Mode A and Mode C replies,
but it does permit acquisition squitter and replies to discretely addressed Mode S
interrogations.
In Standby, the transponder does not reply to interrogations, but new codes can be
entered. When Standby Mode is selected, a white STBY indication and transponder
code appear in the mode field of the Transponder Data Box.
MANUAL ON MODE
ON Mode can be selected at any time. ON Mode generates Mode A and Mode S
replies, but Mode C altitude reporting is inhibited. In ON Mode, a green ON indication
and transponder code appear in the mode field of the Transponder Data Box.
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
STANDBY MODE (MANUAL)
ALTITUDE MODE (AUTOMATIC OR MANUAL)
If the transponder is configured with Automated Airborne Determination, ALT Mode
is automatically selected when the aircraft becomes airborne. When the aircraft is on
the ground, the transponder automatically selects and displays STBY. ALT Mode may
also be selected manually.
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Additional
Features
NOTE: The automatic transition to ALT Mode only occurs from the STBY Mode
on the transponder.
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CNS Interface
When the transponder sends replies to interrogations, a green R indication appears
momentarily in the Transponder Data Box.
Flight
Instruments
REPLY STATUS
System
Overview
If Altitude Mode is selected, a green ALT indication and transponder code appear
in the mode field of the Transponder Data Box, and all transponder replies requesting
altitude information are provided with pressure altitude information.
EIS
VFR CODE
Additional
Features
When configured with an ADS-B Out capable transponder, ‘NO ADSB’ is displayed
in yellow, in the Transponder Data Box, if the ADS-B Out broadcast has been manually
disabled or if the transponder does not have the required GPS data.
Hazard
Avoidance
ADS-B OUT
Flight
Planning
Touching IDENT sends a distinct identity indication to Air Traffic Control (ATC).
The indication distinguishes the identing transponder from all the others on the air
traffic controller’s screen. After touching IDENT the bar on the button turns green
momentarily.
GPS
Navigation
IDENT FUNCTION
CNS
Interface
The VFR code can be entered either manually or by touching VFR on the Transponder
Page. The pre-programmed VFR code is automatically displayed in the code field of the
Transponder Data Box.
AFCS
Annun/Alerts
Appendix
Index
190-02472-00 Rev. A
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
99
FLIGHT ID REPORTING
NOTE: The Flight ID must be configured to ‘Set By Pilot’ in Configuration
Mode for the Flight ID option to appear on the Transponder Page. Refer to
the G3X Touch Installation Manual for more information.
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
CNS Interface
Flight ID (Transponder Data Box)
ADDITIONAL TRANSPONDER MESSAGES
Annunciation
Description
XPDR FAULT
Generic message for faults received from the transponder.
XPDR CONFIG ERROR
The transponder is configured incorrectly. Consult the
installation manual or Garmin dealer (as appropriate).
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
EIS
Entering a Flight ID:
1) Touch the transponder data box on the PFD.
2) Touch Flight ID.
3) Enter the Flight ID using the keypad and touch Enter.
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GPS Navigation
System
Overview
SECTION 5 GPS NAVIGATION
Flight
Planning
Hazard
Avoidance
COMPASS ARC
GPS
Navigation
The Direct-to Window and the Nearest Pages can be displayed by pressing the
corresponding buttons.
CNS
Interface
An aircraft icon is placed on the Navigation Map at the location corresponding to
the calculated present position. The aircraft's current location is depicted as the center
of the aircraft icon. The aircraft position and the flight plan legs are accurately based
on GPS calculations. The basemap upon which these are placed is from a source with
less resolution, therefore the relative position of the aircraft to map features is not
exact. The leg of the active flight plan currently being flown is shown as a magenta
line on the navigation map. The other legs are shown in white.
EIS
The Map Page displays aviation data (e.g., airports, VORs, airways, airspaces),
geographic data (e.g., cities, lakes, highways, borders), and topographic data (map
shading indicating elevation) to be used for situational awareness only.
Flight
Instruments
5.1 INTRODUCTION
NOTE: The compass arc is not available in ‘North Up’ map orientation.
Additional
Features
A compass arc representing the aircraft’s ground track, appears by default on the
Map Page. The route line represents the course.
AFCS
Compass Arc
Annun/Alerts
Appendix
190-02472-00 Rev. A
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
Index
Compass Arc
101
GPS Navigation
When using the compass arc on the map display, the heading reference will be
shown as a dashed line for several seconds. If a cross wind is present, the ownship
symbol will rotate slightly to show the difference between the aircraft’s heading (if
available) and ground track.
5.2 USING MAP DISPLAYS
WARNING: The G3X Touch map displays are to be used for situational
awareness only.
AFCS
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
Enabling/disabling the Compass Arc:
1) With the Map Page displayed, press the MENU Key.
2) Touch Set Up Map.
3) Under the ‘General’ Tab, touch and drag to scroll down to the Compass
Arc field.
4) Touch
.
5) Touch On or Off.
Map displays are used extensively in the G3X Touch to provide situational awareness
in flight. Most G3X Touch maps can display the following information:
• Airports, NAVAIDs, airspaces, airways, land data (highways, cities, lakes, rivers,
borders, etc.) with names
• Map Pointer information (distance and bearing to pointer, location of pointer,
name, and other pertinent information)
• Map range
• Flight plan legs
• User waypoints
• Track vector
• Topography data
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
• Aircraft icon (representing present position)
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GPS Navigation
• All Map Pages (MAP)
Flight
Instruments
• Waypoint Page (WPT)
System
Overview
The information in this section applies to the following maps unless otherwise noted:
• All Nearest Pages (NRST)
• Active Flight Plan Page
EIS
• Direct-to Window
MAP PAGE SETUP
CNS
Interface
MAP ORIENTATION
Flight
Planning
• North Up aligns the top of the map display to north (default setting).
GPS
Navigation
Maps are shown in one of three different orientation options, allowing flexibility
in determining aircraft position relative to other items on the map (North Up) or for
determining where map items are relative to where the aircraft is going (Track Up), or
desired track up (DTK UP).
• Track Up aligns the top of the map display to the current ground track.
Annun/Alerts
Appendix
The pilot can also temporarily toggle orientation by touching the North Up arrow.
AFCS
Changing the Navigation Map orientation:
1) With the Map Page displayed, press the MENU Key.
2) Touch Set Up Map.
3) Under the ‘General’ Tab, touch and drag to scroll to the Orientation field.
4) Touch
.
5) Touch North Up, Track Up, or DTK Up.
Additional
Features
NOTE: Map orientation can only be changed on the Map Page. Any other
pages that show navigation data reflect the orientation selected for the Map
Page.
Hazard
Avoidance
• Desired Track (DTK) Up aligns the top of the map display to the desired course.
Index
190-02472-00 Rev. A
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
103
GPS Navigation
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
Setting the range above which to display North Up orientation:
1) With the Map Page displayed, press the MENU Key.
2) Touch Set Up Map.
3) Under the ‘General’ Tab, touch and drag to scroll to the North Up Above
field.
4) Touch
.
5) Touch the desired range.
AIRPORTS & NAVAIDS
Airport and NAVAID information can be customized to display a variety of information
including: runway extension lines, runway numbers and visual reporting points (VRP). Runway
extension lines show runway orientation relative to other landmarks and terrain features and
are intended to aid in planning traffic pattern entry and/or departure routing.
Runway
Extension
line
AFCS
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
Enabling/disabling North Up orientation on the ground:
1) With the Map Page displayed, press the MENU Key.
2) Touch Set Up Map.
3) Under the ‘General’ Tab, touch and drag to scroll to the North Up On
Ground field.
4) Touch
.
5) Touch On or Off.
Annun/Alerts
Runway
Number
Index
Appendix
Runway Extensions and Numbers (Map Page)
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190-02472-00 Rev. A
GPS Navigation
System
Overview
Setting up and customizing airports and NAVAIDs for the map
page:
1) With the Map Page displayed, press the MENU Key.
2) Touch Set Up Map.
3) Touch and drag the tabs left or right to find the desired tab.
4) Touch the ‘Airport’ or ‘Navaid’ Tab.
5) Touch the
to display a list of options.
6) Touch the desired settings for each feature (on, off, auto, range, text size,
etc.).
Flight
Instruments
EIS
CNS
Interface
MAP TYPE
Flight
Planning
Changing the Map Type (VFR/IFR):
1) With the Map Page displayed, press the MENU Key.
2) Touch Set Up Map.
3) Touch the ‘Map’ Tab.
4) Touch
.
5) Touch VFR or IFR.
GPS
Navigation
From the Map Setup Page the pilot can display either VFR or IFR maps. Refer to
Section 5.4 for information on displaying/removing IFR airways.
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
AIRSPACE
AFCS
Setting up and customizing airspace for the map page:
1) With the Map Page displayed, press the MENU Key.
2) Touch Set Up Map.
3) Touch and drag the tabs left or right to find the desired tab.
4) Touch the ‘Airspace’ Tab.
5) Touch the
to display a list of options.
6) Touch the desired option for each airspace (on, off, auto, range, all
(Atlantic), or below (Atlantic)).
Annun/Alerts
Appendix
Index
190-02472-00 Rev. A
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
105
MAP RANGE
NOTE: Refer to the Additional Features section for information on changing
the FliteCharts® or ChartView range.
There are 23 different map ranges available (distances are dependant on
configuration). The current range is indicated in the lower right corner of the map.
The scale bar represents the map scale. To change the map range on any map, use
the knob or touch the ‘+’ (decrease visible range) or the ‘-’ (increase visible range).
CNS
Interface
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
GPS Navigation
AUTO ZOOM
Auto Zoom allows the G3X Touch to change the map display range to the smallest
range clearly showing the active waypoint. Auto Zoom can be overridden by adjusting
the range and remains that way until the active waypoint changes, a terrain or traffic
alert occurs, or the aircraft takes off.
Safe Taxi also affects Auto Zoom. When the aircraft has landed at the destination
airport, the navigation map automatically zooms in to display the Safe Taxi diagram.
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
Map Range
Scale Bar Representing a Map
Scale of 20 nm Per
Scale Width.
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Enabling/disabling Auto Zoom:
1) With the Map Page displayed, press the MENU Key.
2) Touch Set Up Map.
3) Under the ‘General’ Tab, find the Autozoom field.
4) Touch
.
Touch On or Off.
Index
Appendix
5)
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GPS Navigation
System
Overview
MAP PANNING
Map panning allows the pilot to:
• Highlight and select locations on the map
EIS
• Review information for a selected airport, NAVAID or user waypoint
Flight
Instruments
• View parts of the map outside the displayed range without adjusting the map
range
• Designate locations for use in flight planning
107
Index
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
Appendix
190-02472-00 Rev. A
Annun/Alerts
Map Panning (Map Page)
AFCS
Map Feature
(Type and
Name)
Bearing and
Distance to the
Selected Map
Feature from
the Aircraft’s
Present
Position
Latitude/
Longitude
Position of the
Selected Map
Feature
Elevation of the
Selected Map
Feature
Press button to
create a User
Waypoint at
this location
Time to selected
waypoint at
the aircraft's
current speed
Additional
Features
Green Arrow
Indicating
Multiple
Features are
Present at the
Location.
Hazard
Avoidance
Center on
Aircraft’s
Current
Location
Flight
Planning
Information
Box
GPS
Navigation
To pan the map, touch and drag the map. Touch a map feature to get additional
information. The map feature button shows not only the feature name (such as airport
designation or waypoint name) but also shows the type (airport, waypoint, etc.). If
multiple features are present at the map feature position, a green arrow will appear
on the map feature button. Touch
or
to cycle through the list of map features
present at that position.
CNS
Interface
• View airspace and airway information
GPS Navigation
System
Overview
Panning the map:
1) From any map, touch and drag.
Flight
Instruments
2)
Touch the Back button.
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
EIS
Reviewing information for a map feature:
1) From any map, touch a map feature.
2)
If multiple map features are present, touch
3)
Touch the Map Feature button to display additional information.
to cycle through the list.
FUEL RANGE RING
WARNING: The G3X Touch Fuel Calculator and/or Fuel Range Rings are
NOT intended to be relied upon as the primary fuel indicator(s), and does
not relieve the pilot from the responsibility of proper flight planning. G3X
Touch fuel calculations do not use the aircraft fuel quantity indicators and
are calculated from the last time the fuel was reset.
Flight
Planning
Hazard
Avoidance
to re-center the map on the aircraft’s current position.
Or:
The Navigation Map can display fuel range rings which show the remaining flight
distance. If current fuel endurance is greater than reserve, range-to-empty is shown as
a solid green circle and range-to-reserve is a dashed green circle. If current endurance
is less than reserve, range-to-empty is shown as a solid yellow circle. Fuel range
rings are offset to show the effects of the wind at the current location (e.g., does not
account for wind variations throughout the range).
AFCS
Additional
Features
Touch
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
Displaying/removing the fuel range rings and selecting a fuel
reserve time:
1) With the Map Page displayed, press the MENU Key.
2) Touch Set Up Map.
3) Touch and drag the tabs left or right to find the desired tab.
4) Touch the ‘Map’ Tab.
5) Touch the
in the Fuel Range (RSV) field, and touch On or Off.
6) Touch ‘+’ or ‘-’ to adjust the fuel range reserve time (HH:MM).
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GPS Navigation
Range to
Empty
System
Overview
Range to
Reserve
Flight
Instruments
EIS
Navigation Map
CNS
Interface
GLIDE RANGE RING
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
AFCS
Annun/Alerts
The Glide Range Ring is displayed as a cyan ring around the estimated area that can
be reached by the aircraft in the best glide range configuration. The Glide Range Ring
fades into view on the map as the aircraft climbs through 500 feet AGL. The range is
based on the Best Glide Speed (VG) and Sink Rate (at VG) entered by the pilot. Best
Glide and Sink Rate are combined with the aircraft's height (AGL), wind, and bank
angle to determine the distance the aircraft can travel.
Flight
Planning
NOTE: Many factors, such as winds at various altitudes, terrain, and even
pilot actions affect the ability to accurately estimate the gliding range of an
aircraft. The displayed Glide Range Ring should not be considered a replacement for in-flight emergency pilot training.
GPS
Navigation
NOTE: In order for the Glide Range Ring to display on the map, Best Glide
Speed (VG) and Sink Rate (at VG) must be configured on the Aircraft Configuration Page in Configuration Mode. Refer to the G3X Touch Installation
Manual for more information.
Appendix
Index
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109
GPS Navigation
Navigation Map - Glide Range Ring
(Ideal Descent Profile - No Wind)
Navigation Map - Glide Range Ring
(Ideal Descent Profile - Wind 245˚ at 25 kts)
When the aircraft is not being flown in an ideal best glide descent, the range of the
cyan circle decreases and arrows are displayed depicting how far the aircraft is from
an ideal descent profile.
Glide Range Ring
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
Glide Range Ring
AFCS
Navigation Map - Glide Range Ring
(NOT Ideal Descent)
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
Enabling/disabling the Glide Range Ring:
1) With the Map Page displayed, press the MENU Key.
2) Touch Set Up Map....
3) Touch and drag the tabs left or right to find the desired tab.
4) Touch the ‘Map’ Tab.
5) Touch and drag the page up or down to find the Glide Range Ring field.
6) Touch the
in the Glide Range Ring field, and touch On or Off.
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GPS Navigation
System
Overview
Flight
Instruments
EIS
CNS
Interface
Touch to
Enable or
Disable the
Glide Range
Ring
Map Setup Page
GPS
Navigation
BEST AIRPORT BEARING POINTER
The airport must be within glide range as determined by the following:
a) User entered glide performance (Sink Rate and Best Glide Speed).
AFCS
b) Aircraft altitude and direction of flight.
c) Airport elevation.
Hard surface runways (i.e., paved runways take precedence over grass
runways).
4)
Runway lengths.
5)
Runway alignment with the wind (if known).
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Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
Index
3)
Appendix
The expected flyover altitude (i.e., airports with 1000' or greater margin
take precedence).
Annun/Alerts
d) Wind velocity.
2)
Additional
Features
1)
Hazard
Avoidance
The Best Airport Bearing Pointer points to the airport within the Glide Range Ring
that is considered the best option for a landing based on the following criteria:
Flight
Planning
NOTE: In order to display the Best Airport Bearing Pointer, Best Glide Speed
and Sink Rate (at VG) must be configured on the Aircraft Configuration Page
in Configuration Mode. Refer to the G3X Touch Installation Manual for more
information.
111
GPS Navigation
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
Enabling/disabling the Best Airport Bearing Pointer:
1) With the full screen PFD displayed, press the MENU Key.
2) Touch
next to a bearing pointer to display the bearing pointer options.
3) Touch Best Airport.
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
Touch to
Display the
Best Airport
Bearing
Pointer
PFD Options
Bearing Pointer 2
(Nearest Airport)
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
Bearing
Pointer 1
(Best Airport)
Appendix
Bearing 1 Information Window
-Identifier
-Distance
Bearing 2 Information Window
-Identifier
-Distance
Index
HSI with Bearing Pointers
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GPS Navigation
EIS
Displaying/removing the Best Airport Line:
1) With the Map Page displayed, press the MENU Key.
2) Touch Set Up Map.
3) Touch and drag the tabs left or right to find the desired tab.
4) Touch the ‘Line’ Tab.
5) In the Best Airport Line field, touch On or Off.
CNS
Interface
GPS
Navigation
Flight
Planning
Glide
Range
Ring
Selected
Altitude
Intercept
Arc
Navigation Map
Navigation Map
Additional
Features
SELECTED ALTITUDE INTERCEPT ARC
AFCS
The map can display the location along the current track where the aircraft will
intercept the selected altitude. The location will be shown as a cyan arc when the
aircraft is climbing or descending.
Annun/Alerts
Appendix
Displaying/removing the selected altitude intercept arc:
1) With the Map Page displayed, press the MENU Key.
2) Touch Set Up Map.
3) Touch and drag the tabs left or right to find the desired tab.
4) Touch the ‘Map’ Tab.
5) In the Selected Altitude Intercept Arc field, touch On or Off.
Index
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
Hazard
Avoidance
Best
Airport
Line
190-02472-00 Rev. A
Flight
Instruments
The Best Airport Line points to the same airport as the Best Airport Bearing Pointer
but is available on the MFD and Split Screen Map displays instead of the HSI. The line
appears as a series of cyan chevrons between the aircraft marker and the recommended
glide-to airport.
System
Overview
BEST AIRPORT LINE
113
MEASURING BEARING AND DISTANCE
The ‘Measure Distance’ option on Map Page menu is useful for measuring the distance
between two points on the map. The distance tool displays a dashed Measurement
Line and a Map Pointer to aid in graphically identifying points to measure. Lat/Long,
bearing, distance, and elevation data is provided.
Measuring bearing and distance between any two points:
1)
2)
3)
CNS
Interface
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
GPS Navigation
GPS
Navigation
4)
From the Map Page, press the MENU Key.
Touch Measure Distance.
Touch any point on the viewable navigation map to select the first reference
point.
Touch Set Ref to select the second reference point to receive distance and
bearing information from the first reference point to the second reference
point.
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
Reference
Point
Measurement
Line
TOPOGRAPHY
Topographic data can be displayed or removed as described in the following
procedures.
Displaying/removing topographic data:
1)
2)
From the Map Page, press the MENU Key.
Touch Topo Shading.
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Map Page (Measure Distance)
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GPS Navigation
System
Overview
Flight
Instruments
Topographic Shading (Map Page)
EIS
MAP PAGE TRAFFIC
CNS
Interface
Enabling/disabling traffic on the Map Page:
1) From the Map Page, press the MENU Key.
2) Touch Traffic.
Additional
Features
MAP DECLUTTER
Annun/Alerts
Decluttering the Map Page:
1) From the Map Page, press the MENU Key.
2) Touch -1, -2, or -3 under Map Detail.
The map detail can also be adjusted. Map detail changes the amount of detail with
respect to the zoom scale.
Appendix
MAP DETAIL
Index
From the Map Page, press the MENU Key.
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
AFCS
The pilot can remove (declutter) unwanted items, such as highways from the map.
190-02472-00 Rev. A
Hazard
Avoidance
Refer to Appendix G for a list of map symbols.
1)
Flight
Planning
MAP SYMBOLS
GPS
Navigation
Enabling/disabling TargetTrend Overlay:
1) From the Map Page, press the MENU Key.
2) Touch Set Up Map.
3) Under the ‘Traffic’ Tab, touch and drag to scroll to the TargetTrend field.
4) Touch
.
5) Touch On or Off.
115
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
GPS Navigation
2)
Touch Set Up Map.
3)
Touch and drag the tabs left or right to find the desired tab.
4)
Touch the ‘General’ Tab.
5)
Touch the
6)
Touch Least, Less, Normal, More, or Most.
EIS
Features Displayed at Each Map Detail Level
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
Feature
Appendix
in the Detail Level field.
0
1
2
3
Feature
0
1
2
3
River/Lake Names
•
Warning Areas
•
•
Land/Country Text
•
Large Airports
•
•
•
Large City
•
Medium Airports
•
•
•
Medium City
•
Restricted Areas
•
•
Small City
•
Prohibited Areas
•
•
Small Town
•
MOAs
•
•
Freeways
•
Runway Labels
•
•
•
Highways
•
Lightning Strike Data
•
•
•
Roads
•
NEXRAD Data
•
•
•
•
Railroads
•
Traffic Symbols
•
•
•
•
Political Boundaries
•
•
Traffic Labels
•
•
•
•
User Waypoints
•
•
Lakes/Major Rivers
•
•
•
•
VORs
•
•
•
Minor Rivers
•
NDBs
•
•
•
Active FPL Legs
•
•
•
•
Intersections
•
•
•
Airways
•
•
•
Class B Airspace
•
•
Proximity Circles
•
•
•
Class C Airspace
•
•
Storm Cells
•
•
Class D Airspace
•
•
Fronts
•
•
Tower
•
•
AIRMET
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Index
Features Displayed at Each Map Detail Level
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GPS Navigation
1
TRSA
•
•
ADIZ
•
Alert Areas
2
3
Feature
0
1
SIGMET
•
•
•
AIRMET
•
•
•
•
SIGMET
•
•
Caution Areas
•
•
TFR
•
•
Danger Areas
•
•
2
3
•
•
Flight
Instruments
0
System
Overview
Feature
EIS
Features Displayed at Each Map Detail Level
CNS
Interface
5.3 AIRWAYS
Additional
Features
AFCS
Annun/Alerts
When airways are selected for display on the map, the airway waypoints (VORs,
NDBs, and Intersections) are also displayed.
Hazard
Avoidance
Low Altitude Airways are drawn in gray. High Altitude Airways are drawn in green.
When both types of airways are displayed, high altitude airways are drawn on top of
Low Altitude Airways.
Flight
Planning
High Altitude Airways (or Jet Routes) primarily serve airliners, jets, turboprops, and
turbocharged piston aircraft operating above 18,000 feet MSL. Jet Routes start at
18,000 feet MSL and extend upward to 45,000 feet MSL (altitudes above 18,000 feet
are called “flight levels” and are described as FL450 for 45,000 feet MSL). Jet Routes
are designated with a "J" before the route number.
GPS
Navigation
Low Altitude Airways (or Victor Airways) primarily serve smaller piston-engine,
propeller-driven airplanes on shorter routes and at lower altitudes. Airways are eight
nautical miles wide and start 1,200 feet above ground level (AGL) and extend up
to but not including 18,000 feet mean sea level (MSL). Low Altitude Airways are
designated with a “V” before the airway number (hence the name “Victor Airways”)
since they run primarily between VORs.
Appendix
Index
IFR Map
190-02472-00 Rev. A
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
117
Airways may be displayed on the map at the pilot’s discretion.
Displaying/removing airways:
1) Press the MENU Key twice.
2) Touch Setup.
3) Touch Map.
4) Touch and drag the tabs left or right to find the desired tab or turn the
large Knob associated with the MFD.
5) Touch the ‘Navaid’ Tab.
6) Touch the
in the Airways field.
7) Touch Off, Low, High, or Both.
CNS
Interface
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
GPS Navigation
or
2)
If multiple map features are present, touch
list.
3)
With the airway selected, touch the Map Feature button to display
additional information.
to cycle through the
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
Reviewing information for an airway:
1) With the IFR map displayed on the Map Page (see procedure above), touch
a map feature.
Index
Low Altitude Airway Review Page
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GPS Navigation
System
Overview
5.4 WAYPOINTS
The Waypoint (Wpt) Page provides airport and waypoint information.
Hazard
Avoidance
• COM Availability: TX (transmit only), RX (receive only), PT (part time), * (additional
information available)
Flight
Planning
• Runway lighting type: No Lights, Part Time, Full Time, Unknown, or PCL Freq (for
pilot-controlled lighting)
GPS
Navigation
• Runway surface type: Hard, Turf, Sealed, Gravel, Dirt, Soft, Unknown, or Water
CNS
Interface
• Usage type: Public, Military, or Private
EIS
Waypoints can be changed by entering the ICAO identifier, entering the name of
the facility, or by entering the city name. As a waypoint identifier, facility name, or
location is entered, the G3X Touch’s Spell’N’Find™ feature scrolls through the database, displaying those waypoints matching the characters which have been entered
up to that point. A direct-to navigation leg to the selected waypoint can be initiated
by pressing the Direct-to Key from the Waypoint Page.
The following descriptions and abbreviations are used:
Flight
Instruments
Waypoints are predetermined geographical positions (internal database) or pilotentered positions, and are used for all phases of flight planning and navigation.
Additional
Features
AFCS
Annun/Alerts
Appendix
Index
190-02472-00 Rev. A
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
119
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
GPS Navigation
-Facility Name
-City/Region
Airport
Information
-Elevation
-Fuel Available
-Time Zone (UTC Offset)
-Lat/Long (Full)
-Bearing/Distance
-Symbol/Type
EIS
COM/NAV
Freq. Info.
CNS
Interface
-Identification
-Frequency
-Availability
-Additional
Information
Runway
Information
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
-Designation
-Length/Width
-Surface
-Lighting
-Traffic Pattern
-Wind (Full)
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Map
Showing
Selected
Waypoint
Waypoint Page - Info Tab
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Selecting an airport for review by identifier, facility name, or location:
1) From the Waypoint (Wpt) Page, touch the waypoint identifier at the top of
the page.
2) Enter the waypoint identifier using the keypad and touch Enter.
Or:
Touch Find > Search Name > Search by Facility Name. Enter the
facility name using the keypad and touch Enter.
Or:
Touch Find > Search City > Search by City. Enter the city name using
the keypad and touch Enter.
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GPS Navigation
Pre-Taxi ILS
Radar
LOC
Ramp
Terminal*
TMA *
Tower
TRSA *
Unicom
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
Control
CTA *
Departure *
Gate
Ground
Helicopter
Multicom
Other
Navigation
Frequencies
Flight
Planning
Approach *
Arrival *
ASOS
ATIS
AWOS
Center
Class B *
Class C *
Clearance
GPS
Navigation
Communication Frequencies
CNS
Interface
The Freq Tab uses the descriptions and abbreviations listed in the following table:
EIS
Viewing additional information for a frequency:
Flight
Instruments
Selecting a runway:
1) From the Waypoint (Wpt) Page, touch the Runway Tab if necessary.
2) Touch the waypoint identifier at the top of the page.
3) Enter the waypoint identifier using the keypad and touch Enter.
4) If necessary, touch the
to display additional runways. Touch the desired
runway.
System
Overview
If duplicate entries exist for an identifier, a Duplicates Found Window is displayed.
Touch the desired options from the Duplicates Found Window.
AFCS
* May include Additional Information
Frequency Abbreviations
2)
Touch the desired frequency to tune.
3)
Touch the (i) button to view addional information.
Appendix
With the Waypoint (WPT) Page displayed, touch the Freq Tab.
Annun/Alerts
1)
Index
190-02472-00 Rev. A
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121
AUTOMATIC WAYPOINT SELECTION
Automatic waypoint selection is the system’s attempt to deduce what Waypoint
to display based on the aircraft’s location in relation to the departure airport and/or
the waypoints in the Flight Plan.
The pilot can override Automatic Waypoint Selection by manually entering a
waypoint. The automatic selection will not resume until such time that the manually
entered waypoint and the automatically selected waypoint coincide.
NEAREST INFORMATION
The G3X Touch provides a NRST Key which gives the pilot quick access to nearest
airport, weather, VOR, NDB, intersection, user waypoint, city, ARTCC, FSS, VRPs, and
airspace information. If none are available, “None Within 200 NM” is displayed. "No
Immediate Airspace" is displayed if airspace is not within 10 minutes based on current
speed, track, and altitude.
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
GPS Navigation
NEAREST AIRPORT CRITERIA
From the Menu on the Nearest Airports Page the pilot can define the minimum
runway length and surface type used when determining the 15 nearest airports to
display on the Nearest Airports Page. A minimum runway length and/or surface
type can be entered to prevent airports with small runways or runways that are not
appropriately surfaced from being displayed. Default settings are 0 feet (or meters)
for runway length and “Any” for runway surface type. Private airports and Heliports
can also be included.
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Viewing nearest information:
1) Press the NRST Key.
2) Touch the Page Navigation Bar.
3) Touch Airports, Airport Weather, VORs, NDBs, Intersections, User
Waypoints, Cities, ARTCC, FSS, VRPs, or Airspace.
4) Touch the desired option from the list.
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GPS Navigation
GPS
Navigation
Annun/Alerts
Appendix
Index
123
AFCS
Touch Facility Names: Displays facility names below the airport identifier
on the Nearest APT Page.
Additional
Features
Or:
Hazard
Avoidance
Touch City Names: Displays city names below the airport identifier on the
Nearest APT Page.
Flight
Planning
Entering airport/heliport criteria:
1) Press the NRST Key.
2) Press the MENU Key.
3) Touch the Runway Surface field and touch Hard only, Hard/Soft, Water
only, or Any.
Or:
Touch the Min Runway Length value and enter the value using the keypad.
Or:
Touch Private Airports.
Or:
Touch Heliports.
Or:
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
CNS
Interface
• Include Private Airports: Allows the pilot to include Private Airports in the
search criteria.
190-02472-00 Rev. A
EIS
• Minimum Runway Length: Allows the pilot to enter a specific length for the
shortest runway allowed.
Flight
Instruments
• Runway Surface: Allows the pilot to set criteria for the type of surface on the
runway.
–– Any: Shows any runway, regardless of surface type, including water landing facilities.
–– Hard only: Shows only runways with a concrete, asphalt, or similar sealed surface.
–– Hard or Soft: Shows all runways except water landing facilities.
–– Water only: Shows only water landing facilities.
System
Overview
The Page Menu also allows the pilot to choose between displaying the facility names
and city names.
WEATHER INFORMATION
Textual weather information can be viewed from the Waypoint Page.
Selecting airport weather information:
From the Waypoint Page, touch the Weather Tab.
Or:
From the Nearest Airport Weather Page, touch the desired airport and
touch the Weather Tab.
INTERSECTIONS
Intersections can be viewed from the Waypoint Page or the Nearest Intersections
Page. In addition to displaying a map of the currently selected intersection and
surrounding area, the Intersection Information Page displays the region, bearing,
distance, latitude, and longitude.
Selecting an intersection:
1) From the Waypoint (Wpt) Page.
2) Touch the waypoint identifier at the top of the page.
3) Enter the intersection using the keypad and touch Enter.
Or:
1) Press the NRST Key.
2) Touch the Page Navigation Bar.
3) Touch Intersections.
4) Touch the desired intersection from the list.
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
GPS Navigation
NDBS
NDBs can be viewed from the Waypoint Page or the Nearest NDBs Page. In addition
to displaying a map of the currently selected NDB and surrounding area, the page
displays the region, bearing, distance, latitude, longitude, frequency, identifier, name,
city, state, NDB type, and More Code identification.
The Nearest NDB Page can be used to quickly find a NDB close to the flight path.
The list only includes NDBs that are within 200nm. If there are no NDBs in the list, text
indicating that there are no nearest NDBs is displayed. If there are no nearest NDBs in
the list, the information and frequency fields are dashed.
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GPS Navigation
System
Overview
Selecting a NDB:
1) From the Waypoint (Wpt) Page.
2) Touch the waypoint identifier at the top of the page.
3) Enter the NDB identifier using the keypad and touch Enter.
Or:
1) Press the NRST Key.
2) Touch the Page Navigation Bar.
3) Touch NDBs.
4) Touch the desired NDB from the list.
Flight
Instruments
EIS
CNS
Interface
VORS
Annun/Alerts
Appendix
Index
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
AFCS
190-02472-00 Rev. A
Additional
Features
Selecting a VOR:
1) From the Waypoint (Wpt) Page.
2) Touch the waypoint identifier at the top of the page.
3) Enter the VOR identifier using the keypad and touch Enter.
Or:
1) Press the NRST Key.
2) Touch the Page Navigation Bar.
3) Touch VORs.
4) Touch the desired VOR from the list.
Hazard
Avoidance
Localizer information cannot be viewed on the VOR Information Page. If a VOR
station is combined with a TACAN station it is listed as a VORTAC on the VOR
Information Page and if it includes only DME, it’s displayed as VOR-DME.
Flight
Planning
The Nearest VOR Page can be used to quickly find a VOR close to the flight path. The
list only includes VORs that are within 200nm. If there are no VORs in the list, "None
Within 200nm" is displayed.
GPS
Navigation
VORs can be viewed from the Waypoint Page or the Nearest VORs Page. In addition
to displaying a map of the currently selected VOR and surrounding area, the page
displays the region, city, state, bearing, distance, latitude, longitude, frequency, class
(High, Low, or Terminal VOR), facility name, and aircraft's current radial from the VOR.
125
USER WAYPOINTS
The G3X Touch can create and store up to 3,000 user-defined waypoints. Once a
waypoint has been created, it can be renamed, deleted, or moved.
NOTE: Most terrain and obstacle warnings will be suppressed when the
aircraft is determined to be taking off or landing at an airport - including an
airport that's defined by a user waypoint (that has been saved as an airport
symbol) instead of the navigation database.
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
GPS Navigation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
Creating user waypoints:
1) Touch anywhere on the map.
Or:
1) Touch aircraft symbol on the map.
2) Touch the Latitude/Longitude Location Button.
3) Optionally, touch the Name field to enter the new waypoint name and
touch Enter.
4) Touch the default symbol.
5) Touch the desired symbol.
6) If desired touch the Altitude value.
7) Enter the desired altitude and touch Enter.
8) If desired touch the Location value.
9) Touch the arrows to change the location and touch Enter.
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Marking Current Location as a Waypoint:
1) From the Info Page, touch the latitude and longitude.
Or:
1) From the Info Page, press the MENU Key, and touch Mark Waypoint.
2) Touch Yes on the confirmation dialog box.
3) Optionally touch the Name field to rename the waypoint.
4) Touch Back.
Index
Creating a proximity waypoint:
1) Press the MENU Key twice.
2) Touch User Waypoints.
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GPS Navigation
Touch the Proximity Tab.
4)
Press the Menu Key.
5)
Touch New Proximity Waypoint.
System
Overview
3)
Flight
Instruments
a) Touch Use Identifier.
b) Enter the desired identifier using the keypad.
Or:
EIS
a) Touch Use Map.
6) Touch Enter.
Selecting and viewing nearest user waypoints:
Press the NRST Key.
2)
Touch User Waypoints.
GPS
Navigation
1)
Touch User Waypoints.
3)
Touch the desired user waypoint.
4)
Press the MENU Key.
5)
Touch Edit Waypoint.
6)
Touch the desired field to edit.
Additional
Features
2)
Hazard
Avoidance
Press the NRST Key.
Flight
Planning
3) Touch the desired user waypoint.
Editing or renaming a user waypoint:
1)
Touch User WPTs.
3)
Touch the desired user waypoint.
4)
Press the MENU Key.
5)
Touch Delete Waypoint.
6)
Touch Yes.
Appendix
2)
Annun/Alerts
Press the NRST Key.
AFCS
7) Make the necessary changes and touch Back.
Deleting user waypoints:
1)
CNS
Interface
b) Touch anywhere on the map. If the location does not correspond to a
waypoint, a user waypoint will be created at that location.
Index
190-02472-00 Rev. A
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127
5.5 AIRSPACE
The Nearest Airspace Page and Airspace Alerts provide information about airspaces
and the location of the aircraft in relationship to them. The Nearest Airspace Page can
be used to quickly find airspaces close to the flight path.
The Nearest Airspace Page displays the class of airspace, controlling agency, vertical
boundaries, and status.
Selecting and viewing nearest airspaces:
1) Press the NRST Key.
2) Touch the Page Navigation Bar.
3) Touch Airspace.
4) Touch the desired airspace.
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
GPS Navigation
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Nearest Airspace Page Map
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GPS Navigation
There are four types of status information:
EIS
• Ahead—Projected to enter the airspace within the next 10 minutes or less
• Near—Within two nautical miles of an airspace but not projected to enter it
CNS
Interface
• Near & Ahead—Projected to enter the airspace within two nautical miles
• Inside Airspace—Within the boundaries of the airspace
Flight
Planning
Smart Airspace™ integration makes it easier for pilots to identify what airspace lies
ahead. This feature conveniently highlights the airspace nearest to the aircraft’s current
altitude and de-emphasizes non-pertinent airspace so pilots can quickly distinguish
their location to the relevant airspace around them.
GPS
Navigation
SMART AIRSPACE™ AND ALTITUDE OVERLAYS
Hazard
Avoidance
De-emphasized
Airspace
Flight
Instruments
When an airspace alert appears, press the NRST Key to automatically show nearby
airspace information on the Nearest Airspace Page. This information includes name,
time to entry (if applicable), and status.
System
Overview
AIRSPACE ALERT MESSAGES
Bold Airspace
Additional
Features
AFCS
Smart Airspace™
Annun/Alerts
Enabling/disabling Smart Airspace:
1) Press the MENU Key twice.
2) Touch Setup.
3) Touch Map.
4) Touch and drag the tabs left or right to find the desired tab.
5) Touch the ‘Airspace’ Tab.
Appendix
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129
6)
Touch and drag to display the 'Smart Airspace' field.
7)
Touch the
8)
Touch On or Off.
to display a list of options.
Additionally, airspace altitude overlays can be depicted on the moving map and
reduce pilot workload, particularly in congested airspace. With airspace altitude
overlays, pilots can easily view airspace maximum and minimum altitudes, so it’s easier
to identify airspace altitude limitations at a glance.
CNS
Interface
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
GPS Navigation
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
De-emphasized
Altitude Overlay
Hazard
Avoidance
Altitude
Overlay
Smart Airspace™ with Altitude Overlays
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Additional
Features
Enabling/disabling Altitude Overlays:
1) Press the MENU Key twice.
2) Touch Setup.
3) Touch Map.
4) Touch and drag the tabs left or right to find the desired tab.
5) Touch the ‘Airspace’ Tab.
6) Touch and drag to display the 'Altitude Labels' field.
7) Touch the
to display a list of options.
8) Touch Off, Auto, 2nm, 3nm, 5nm, 8nm, 12nm, 20nm, 30nm, 50nm,
80nm, or 120nm.
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GPS Navigation
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
AFCS
Annun/Alerts
Appendix
Index
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
Flight
Planning
190-02472-00 Rev. A
GPS
Navigation
Entering latitude and longitude coordinates as a direct-to
destination:
1) Press the Direct-to Key. The Direct-to Window is displayed
2) Press the MENU Key.
3) Touch Enter Coordinates.
4) Specify coordinates, and touch Enter.
5) Touch Activate.
CNS
Interface
Entering a waypoint identifier, facility name, or city as a direct-to
destination:
1) Press the Direct-to Key. The Direct-to Window is displayed (with the active
flight plan waypoint as the default selection or a blank waypoint field if no
flight plan is active).
2) If an external navigator is configured, touch FPL Source > Internal from
the FPL Page.
3) Touch the waypoint identifier.
4) Enter the waypoint identifier using the keypad and touch Enter.
Or:
Touch Find > Search Name > Search by Facility Name. Enter the
facility name using the keypad and touch Enter.
Or:
Touch Find > Search City > Search by City. Enter the city name using
the keypad and touch Enter.
5) Touch Activate.
EIS
Once a direct-to is activated, the G3X Touch establishes a point-to-point course line
from the present position to the selected direct-to destination. Course guidance is
provided until the direct-to is replaced with a new direct-to or flight plan, or canceled.
Flight
Instruments
The Direct-to method of navigation, initiated by pressing the Direct-to Key is
quicker to use than a flight plan when the desire is to navigate to a single point such
as a nearby airport.
System
Overview
5.6 DIRECT-TO NAVIGATION USING THE G3X TOUCH
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Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
Selecting Recent Waypoints, Nearest Airports, Flight Plan Waypoints, or User Waypoints as a direct-to destination:
1) Press the Direct-to Key. The Direct-to Window is displayed (with the active
flight plan waypoint as the default selection or a blank waypoint field if no
flight plan is active).
2) If an external navigator is configured, touch FPL Source > Internal from
the FPL Page.
3) Touch the waypoint identifier.
4) Touch Find
5) Touch the Recent Tab.
Or:
Touch the Nearest Airports Tab. When properly configured, the Best
Glide Airport is displayed above the Nearest Airport List.
Or:
Touch the Flight Plan Tab.
Or:
Touch the User Tab.
6) Touch the desired waypoint.
7) Touch Activate.
AFCS
Additional
Features
Selecting a waypoint as a direct-to destination using the pointer:
1) Touch anywhere on the map.
2) Press the Direct-to Key.
3) If an external navigator is configured, touch FPL Source > Internal from
the FPL Page.
Annun/Alerts
4)
Touch Activate.
Index
Appendix
Canceling or resuming a direct-to:
1) Press the Direct-to Key.
2) If an external navigator is configured, touch FPL Source > Internal from
the FPL Page.
3) Touch Stop Navigation or Resume Flight.
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System
Overview
SECTION 6 FLIGHT PLANNING
Appendix
Index
133
Annun/Alerts
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
AFCS
190-02472-00 Rev. A
Additional
Features
Up to 50 flight plans with up to 300 waypoints each can be created and stored in
memory. One flight plan can be activated at a time and becomes the active flight plan.
The active flight plan is erased when the destination is reached and the system is turned
off. When storing flight plans with an approach, the G3X Touch uses the waypoint
information from the current database to define the waypoints. If the database is
changed or updated, the G3X Touch automatically updates the information. If an
approach is no longer available, the procedure is deleted from the affected stored flight
plan(s), and an alert is displayed.
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight planning on the G3X Touch consists of building a flight plan by entering
waypoints one at a time and inserting approaches as needed. The flight plan is
displayed on maps using different line widths, colors, and types, based on the type of
leg and the segment of the flight plan currently being flown.
Flight
Planning
NOTE: Refer to section 8.9 (Connext Cockpit Connectivity) for information on
wirelessly transferring flight plans from a mobile device (using Garmin Pilot
or Garmin Portables) to the G3X Touch or external navigator (if configured).
GPS
Navigation
NOTE: While navigating using an external GPS navigation source, the ability
to edit/invert/delete the Active Flight Plan or activate a Saved Flight Plan is
disabled.
CNS
Interface
NOTE: In order to add, delete, or change flight plan waypoints from the G3X
Touch when an external GPS navigator is configured, touch FPL Source >
Internal from the Active Flight Plan Page or Direct-to Page. Press the FPL
Source > External to return to the external GPS navigator’s flight plan.
EIS
CAUTION: Only the final course segment (usually from the final approach
fix to the missed approach point) of the published approach is available if
an external navigator (i.e., GTN or GNS Series) is NOT configured.
Flight
Instruments
6.1 INTRODUCTION
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
Flight Planning
Whenever an approach is loaded into the active flight plan it replaces the destination
airport with a sequence of waypoints for the selected approach. The airport must have
a published instrument approach and only the final course segment (usually from final
approach fix to missed approach point) of the published approach is available if an
external navigator (i.e., GTN or GNS Series) is not configured.
EIS
FLIGHT PLAN DATA FIELDS
MANUALLY SWITCHING BETWEEN INTERNAL AND
EXTERNAL FLIGHT PLAN SOURCES
NOTE: The selection of the GPS navigation source to persist through power
cycles or reset to the external GPS navigation source is dependant on the
configuration. Refer to the G3X Touch Installation Manual for more information.
Touch FPL Source > Internal on the Active Flight Plan Page or the Direct-to Page,
to temporarily allow flight planning through the G3X Touch using the internal GPS
flight plan when an external GPS Navigator is configured. Press the FPL Source >
External to return to the external GPS navigator’s flight plan.
When manually selecting the internal GPS flight plan, ‘INT’ is displayed in light blue
in the lower left quadrant of the HSI.
FAILURE OF THE EXTERNAL GPS NAVIGATION SOURCE
If the external GPS navigation source fails, the system reverts to the internal GPS
navigation source and ‘REV’ is shown in yellow in the lower left quadrant of the HSI.
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
Changing the information shown in the flight plan data fields:
1) With a flight plan displayed, touch FPL Source > Internal if an external
navigator is configured (Active Flight Plan only).
2) Touch one of the data fields to change.
3) Touch the desired data field.
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Flight Planning
System
Overview
6.2 FLIGHT PLAN CREATION USING THE G3X
TOUCH
Flight
Instruments
EIS
The active flight plan is listed on the Active Flight Plan Page. It is the flight plan to
which the G3X Touch is currently providing guidance, and is shown on the navigation
maps. Stored flight plans are listed on the Flight Plan List Page, and are available for
activation (becomes the active flight plan).
CNS
Interface
GPS
Navigation
Flight
Planning
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
AFCS
Annun/Alerts
Active Flight Plan Page
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
Index
190-02472-00 Rev. A
Appendix
Creating an active flight plan using the G3X Touch:
1) Touch the Page Navigation Bar.
2) Touch Active FPL.
3) If an external navigator is configured, touch FPL Source > Internal.
4) Touch Add Waypoint.
135
Flight Planning
System
Overview
5)
Enter the waypoint using the keypad.
Or:
Touch Find > Recent Tab.
Flight
Instruments
Or:
Touch Find > Nearest Airports Tab.
Or:
EIS
Touch Find > Flight Plan Tab.
Or:
CNS
Interface
Touch Find > User Tab.
Or:
GPS
Navigation
Touch Find > Search Name > Search by Facility Name. Enter the
facility name using the keypad.
Or:
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
Touch Find > Search City > Search by City. Enter the city name using
the keypad.
6)
Touch Enter.
7)
Repeat steps 4-6 for each additional waypoint.
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Additional
Features
Creating a stored flight plan using the G3X Touch:
1) Press the MENU Key twice.
2) Touch Flight Plan List.
3) Press MENU.
4) Touch New Flight Plan.
5) Touch Add Waypoint.
6) Enter the waypoint using the keypad.
Or:
Touch Find > Recent Tab.
Or:
Touch Find > Nearest Airports Tab.
Or:
Touch Find > Flight Plan Tab.
Or:
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Flight Planning
System
Overview
Touch Find > User Tab.
Or:
Or:
Touch Enter.
8)
Repeat steps 4-6 for each additional waypoint.
9)
The new flight plan is now in the list.
CNS
Interface
7)
EIS
Touch Find > Search City > Search by City. Enter the city name using
the keypad.
Flight
Instruments
Touch Find > Search Name > Search by Facility Name. Enter the
facility name using the keypad.
GPS
Navigation
6.3 FLIGHT PLAN STORAGE USING THE G3X
TOUCH
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
Viewing information about a stored flight plan:
1) Press the MENU Key twice.
2) Touch Flight Plan List.
3) Touch the desired flight plan.
Flight
Planning
The G3X Touch can store up to 50 flight plans. The active flight plan is erased when
another flight plan is activated. Details about each stored flight plan can be viewed
on the Flight Plan List Page
AFCS
Storing an active flight plan from the Active Flight Plan Page:
1) From the Active Flight Plan, touch FPL Source > Internal if an external
navigator is configured.
2) Press the MENU Key.
3) Touch Save Copy.
Annun/Alerts
Appendix
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137
6.4 FLIGHT PLAN ACTIVATION USING THE G3X
TOUCH
Activating a stored flight plan erases the active flight plan and replaces it with a copy
of the flight plan being activated. A saved approach will be moved to 'loaded' when
activating a flight plan.
Inverting a stored flight plan reverses the waypoint order. Touching 'Invert' on a
saved flight plan will invert the flight plan in place without activating it. The original
flight plan is overwritten by the inverted flight plan. A flight plan cannot be inverted if
it has an associated approach.
Activating a stored flight plan:
1) Press the MENU Key twice.
2) Touch Flight Plan List.
3) Touch the desired flight plan.
4) Touch Activate.
5) Touch Yes.
Or:
1) When editing a saved flight plan, press the MENU Key.
2) Touch Activate.
3) Touch Yes.
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
Flight Planning
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Activating a Flight Plan Leg:
1) From the Active Flight Plan, touch FPL Source > Internal if an external
navigator is configured.
2) Touch the waypoint leg to be activated.
3) Touch Activate Leg.
4) Touch Yes.
Index
Appendix
Canceling an On Route Direct-To or Active Leg:
1) Press the MENU Key.
2) Touch Resume Flight Plan.
Or:
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Flight Planning
Press the Direct-To Key.
2)
Touch Resume Flight Plan.
System
Overview
1)
Flight
Instruments
6.5 FLIGHT PLAN EDITING
ADDING WAYPOINTS TO AN EXISTING FLIGHT PLAN
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
AFCS
Annun/Alerts
Appendix
Index
139
Flight
Planning
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
GPS
Navigation
190-02472-00 Rev. A
CNS
Interface
Adding a waypoint to a flight plan:
1) With a flight plan displayed, touch FPL Source > Internal if an external
navigator is configured (Active Flight Plan only).
2) Touch the point in the flight plan to add the new waypoint.
3) Touch Insert Before or Insert After.
4) Enter the waypoint using the keypad.
Or:
Touch Find > Recent Tab.
Or:
Touch Find > Nearest Airports Tab.
Or:
Touch Find > Flight Plan Tab.
Or:
Touch Find > User Tab.
Or:
Touch Find > Search Name > Search by Facility Name. Enter the
facility name using the keypad.
Or:
Touch Find > Search City > Search by City. Enter the city name using
the keypad.
5) Touch Enter.
EIS
Waypoints can be added to the active internal flight plan or any stored flight plan.
Choose the flight plan, select the desired point of insertion, enter the waypoint, and
it is added before or after the selected waypoint. Flight plans are limited to 300
waypoints (including approach waypoints).
Flight Planning
CNS
Interface
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
Adding a waypoint to a flight plan using the map:
1) With a flight plan displayed, touch FPL Source > Internal if an external
navigator is configured (Active Flight Plan only).
2) Press Menu.
3) Touch Edit on Map.
4) Touch the desired leg on the map. Leg will transition from cyan to white to
indicate that it is the selected leg.
5) With the flight plan leg selected, touch the waypoint to insert. If multiple
waypoints are available at the selected location, they are displayed in boxes
next to the selected location.
Note: If no waypoints exist at the location, the pilot will be promted to create a User
Waypoint.
GPS
Navigation
Note: A leg can also be dragged and dropped onto the new location.
Note: Without selecting a desired leg, touching a waypoint (empty location, etc.) will add
that waypoint to the end of the flight plan.
Flight
Planning
6)
EDITING FLIGHT PLAN SPEED, FUEL, AND/OR NAME
NOTE: If a fuel flow sensor is configured, the user-entered ‘Plan Fuel’ value
is used while on the ground. In the air, the ‘Plan Fuel’ field is hidden and the
fuel calculations are based on the actual measured fuel flow.
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Removing a waypoint from a flight plan:
1) With a flight plan displayed, touch FPL Source > Internal if an external
navigator is configured (Active Flight Plan only).
2) Touch waypoint to remove.
3) Touch Remove.
On the ground, regardless of fuel input, Plan Fuel and Plan Speed data fields are
used to source information for data fields (such as 'Leg ETE' or 'Fuel Reqd') to help the
pilot in flight planning. Without fuel input, the 'specified' fuel burn value and 'actual'
speed are used for the Plan Fuel and Plan Speed data fields. With fuel input, the
'actual' fuel burn and speed are used to populate these data fields.
Index
Appendix
Touch Save.
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Flight Planning
System
Overview
Adjusting the Active Flight Plan fuel:
1) From the Active Flight Plan, touch FPL Source > Internal if an external
navigator is configured.
2) Touch Plan Fuel.
3) Enter the desired value using the keypad and touch Enter.
Flight
Instruments
EIS
CNS
Interface
GPS
Navigation
Flight
Planning
Hazard
Avoidance
Plan Fuel
Additional
Features
Adjusting the Saved Flight Plan speed and fuel:
1) Press the MENU Key twice.
2) Touch Flight Plan List.
3) Touch the desired saved flight plan.
4) Touch Edit.
5) Touch Plan Fuel.
6) Enter the desired value using the keypad and touch Enter.
7) Touch Plan Spd.
8) Enter the desired value using the keypad and touch Enter.
AFCS
Annun/Alerts
Appendix
190-02472-00 Rev. A
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
Index
Editing the Saved Flight Plan Name:
1) Press the MENU Key twice.
2) Touch Flight Plan List
3) Touch the desired saved flight plan.
141
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
Flight Planning
4)
Touch Edit.
5)
Press the MENU Key.
6)
Touch the Name field.
7)
Enter the desired name using the keypad and touch Enter.
Or:
Touch the name field at the top of the window.
EIS
Enter the desired name using the keypad and touch Enter.
The G3X Touch allows copying a flight plan into a new flight plan memory slot,
allowing editing, etc., without affecting the original flight plan. This can be used to
duplicate an existing stored flight plan for use in creating a modified version of the
original stored flight plan.
Copying a stored flight plan:
1) Press the MENU Key twice.
2) Touch Flight Plan List.
3) Touch the desired saved flight plan to copy.
4) Touch Copy.
DELETING FLIGHT PLANS
Individual or all stored flight plans can be deleted from the G3X Touch memory.
Deleting a stored flight plan:
1) Press the MENU Key twice.
2) Touch Flight Plan List.
3) Touch the desired saved flight plan to delete.
4) Touch Delete.
5) Touch Yes.
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
COPYING FLIGHT PLANS
Index
Deleting all stored flight plans:
1) Press the MENU Key twice.
2) Touch Flight Plan List.
3) Press the MENU Key.
4) Touch Delete All.
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Flight Planning
Touch Yes.
EIS
Deleting the Active Flight Plan:
1) From the Active Flight Plan, touch FPL Source > Internal if an external
navigator is configured.
2) Press the MENU Key.
3) Touch Stop Navigation.
Flight
Instruments
NOTE: The changes made to the active flight plan affect navigation as soon
as they are entered. Editing the active flight plan does not affect any saved
flight plans. Waypoints in the final approach segment (such as the FAF or
MAP) can not be deleted individually.
System
Overview
5)
CNS
Interface
GPS
Navigation
Deleting an individual waypoint from the active flight plan:
1) From the Active Flight Plan, touch FPL Source > Internal if an external
navigator is configured.
2) Touch the desired waypoint to delete.
3) Touch Remove.
4) Touch Yes.
Flight
Planning
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
Deleting an individual waypoint from a saved flight plan:
1) Press the MENU Key twice.
2) Touch Flight Plan List.
3) Touch the desired saved flight plan.
4) Touch Edit.
5) Touch the desired waypoint to delete.
6) Touch Remove.
7) Touch Yes.
AFCS
Annun/Alerts
INVERTING A FLIGHT PLAN
Any flight plan may be inverted (reversed) for navigation back to the original
departure point.
Appendix
Inverting the active flight plan:
1) From the Active Flight Plan, touch FPL Source > Internal if an external
navigator is configured.
Index
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143
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
Flight Planning
3)
Touch Invert.
4)
Touch Yes.
CNS
Interface
EIS
Inverting a saved flight plan:
1) Press the MENU Key twice.
2) Touch Flight Plan List.
3) Touch the desired saved flight plan.
4) Press the Menu Key.
5) Touch Invert.
6) Touch Yes.
IMPORTING/EXPORTING FLIGHT PLANS
Importing/exporting flight plans requires an SD card to be inserted in the unit.
Importing flight plans:
1) Press the MENU Key twice.
2) Touch Flight Plan List.
3) Press the Menu Key.
4) Touch Import.
5) Touch the desired flight plan.
6) Acknowledge flight plan import success or failure by touching OK.
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
Press the MENU Key.
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Exporting flight plans:
1) Press the MENU Key twice.
2) Touch Flight Plan List.
3) Touch the desired saved flight plan.
4) Touch Export.
5) Acknowledge flight plan export success/failure by touching OK.
Any flight plan may be sent to a properly connected GNS/GTN device so that it can
track the same flight plan.
Index
Appendix
2)
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Flight Planning
System
Overview
Sending flight plans:
1) From the Active Flight Plan, touch FPL Source > Internal if an external
navigator is configured.
2) Press the MENU Key.
3) Touch Send to GTN.
Or:
Touch Send to GNS.
Flight
Instruments
EIS
CNS
Interface
6.6 APPROACHES (WITHOUT EXTERNAL
NAVIGATOR CONFIGURED)
Appendix
Index
145
Annun/Alerts
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
AFCS
190-02472-00 Rev. A
Additional
Features
Whenever an approach is selected, the choice to either “Load Approach” or “Activate
Approach” is given. “Load Approach” adds the approach to the end of the flight plan
without immediately using it for navigation guidance. This allows continued navigation
via the intermediate waypoints in the original flight plan, but keeps the procedure
available on the Active Flight Plan Page for quick activation when needed. “Activate
Approach” also adds the procedure to the end of the flight plan but immediately
begins to navigate to the first waypoint in the approach.
Hazard
Avoidance
An approach can be loaded at any airport that has one available, and provides
situational awareness for non-precision and precision approaches to airports with
published instrument approach procedures. Only one approach can be loaded at a
time in a flight plan. If an approach is loaded when another approach is already in the
active flight plan, the new approach replaces the previous approach.
Flight
Planning
NOTE: This section is not applicable if an external GPS navigator is configured.
Approach selection is handled via the external GPS navigator’s controls only.
Refer to the external GPS navigator’s Pilot’s Guide for more information.
GPS
Navigation
WARNING: Do not use the approach information provided by the VFR navigation database residing within the G3X Touch as a means of navigating any
instrument approach. The G3X Touch VFR navigation database is limited to
present only the waypoints for the final approach leg of a published procedure.
These waypoints and associated course line are made available for monitoring
purposes only.
SELECTING AN APPROACH
When selecting an approach, it replaces the destination airport with the sequence
of waypoints for the selected approach. Keep in mind that the airport must have a
published approach (GPS, RNAV, VOR, NDB, localizer, or ILS) and only the final course
segment (final approach fix to missed approach point) of the published approach is
available (unless an external navigator is configured).
An approach can be selected from the Saved Flight Plan Page, Active Flight Plan
Page, and Direct-to Window, Waypoint (WPT) Page.
CNS
Interface
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
Flight Planning
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
NOTE: The approach airport can be modified from the Select Approach
Window (Active Flight Plan Page > MENU > Approach). When this is done,
the approach is added but the destination airport is not. When removing
an approach (any active or loaded approach to an airport other than the
destination airport), the destination airport will be inserted at the end of the
flight plan.
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Loading an approach from the saved flight plan page:
1) Press the MENU Key Twice.
2) Touch FPL List.
3) Touch the desired saved flight plan.
4) Touch Edit.
5) Press the MENU Key.
6) Touch Select Approach.
7) Touch
to view a list of approaches.
8) Touch the desired approach.
9) Touch Select Approach.
Index
Appendix
Loading/Activating an approach from the active flight plan page:
1) Press the MENU Key.
2) Touch Select Approach.
3) Touch
to view a list of approaches.
4) Touch the desired approach.
5) Touch Load Approach.
Or:
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System
Overview
Touch Activate Approach.
Viewing a chart for the selected approach:
From the Waypoint Page, touch the Charts Tab.
Flight
Instruments
Activating an loaded approach on the Active Flight Plan Page:
1) Touch any leg of the loaded approach.
2) Touch Activate Approach.
EIS
8)
Touch Load Approach.
Flight
Planning
Touch the desired approach.
GPS
Navigation
7)
CNS
Interface
Loading/Activating an approach from the Direct-to Window:
1) Press the Direct-to Key.
2) Press the MENU Key.
3) Touch Select Approach.
4) If necessary, touch the identifier name.
5) Enter the identifier and touch Enter.
6) Touch
to view a list of approaches.
Hazard
Avoidance
Or:
Touch Activate Approach.
Additional
Features
Removing an approach from the Active Flight Plan:
1) Press the MENU Key.
2) Touch Remove Approach.
AFCS
ACTIVATING VECTORS-TO-FINAL
Index
Vectorsto-Final
Symbol
Vectors-to-Final
190-02472-00 Rev. A
Appendix
The G3X Touch creates an extension of the final course, beyond the final approach
waypoint in the database (final approach fix [FAF]). On the Active Flight Plan Page, a
Vector to Final symbol appears beside the first approach waypoint.
Annun/Alerts
Activate Vectors-to-Final is used when being vectored to the final approach course
by Air Traffic Control (ATC).
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
147
System
Overview
Flight Planning
Flight
Instruments
Final Course
Extension
The G3X Touch does not provide guidance to the inbound course. The course
deviation needle on the graphic HSI remains off-center until established on the final
approach course. The map shows an extension of the final approach course using a
bold magenta line.
If Activate Vectors-to-Final is not selected, the G3X Touch creates a straight-line
course directly to the first waypoint in the approach.
Loading the approach cancels the Direct-to and initiates a route to the FAF.
Activating Vectors-to-Final (Active Approach):
1) With an approach 'active' in the Active Flight Plan, press the MENU key.
2) Touch Vectors.
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
EIS
Vectors-to-Final
AFCS
Additional
Features
Activating Vectors-to-Final (Loaded Approach):
1) With an approach 'loaded' in the Active Flight Plan, touch the MENU key.
2) Touch the desired approach button (Example: KMCI ILS 01L).
3) Touch Activate Vectors-to-Final.
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
Canceling Vectors-to-Final:
1) With Vectors-to-Final activated, press the MENU Key.
2) Touch Cancel Vectors-to-Final. Verify the green indicator clears.
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System
Overview
SECTION 7 HAZARD AVOIDANCE
EIS
The G3X Touch is capable of increasing in-flight situational awareness when
considering weather by displaying pertinent information in a variety of locations
throughout the system (e.g., Weather Page, Waypoint Information Page, Data Fields,
etc.). The G3X Touch system is capable of receiving weather information from a variety
of sources and seamlessly switching the displayed information for comparison.
Flight
Instruments
7.1 WEATHER INFORMATION
CNS
Interface
WEATHER SOURCE
Flight
Planning
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
Switching Weather Sources:
1) Press the MENU Key twice.
2) Touch Setup > Weather.
3) Touch the Weather Data Source.
4) Touch Auto, SiriusXM, or FIS-B.
Or
1) From the Weather Page, press the MENU Key.
2) Touch Data Source.
3) Touch Auto, SiriusXM, or FIS-B.
GPS
Navigation
On installations that include the capability to receive both SiriusXM and FIS-B weather
information, there are three options available for selection through the Main Menu or
Weather Page; AUTO, SXM (SiriusXM), and FIS-B. The default selection is ‘AUTO.’ With
AUTO selected, and a SiriusXM subscription, SiriusXM weather information is displayed.
If SiriusXM service is unavailable with AUTO selected, FIS-B weather information is
displayed, if available. If either SiriusXM or FIS-B source is selected, only the selected
source is used to display weather information and no automatic source-switching will
occur. Data from the selected weather source will apply to all weather shown on the
Map Page, Waypoint Page, Weather Page, Nearest Page, and configurable data fields.
AFCS
Annun/Alerts
Appendix
Index
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149
DATA LINK WEATHER (OPTIONAL)
NOTE: See the G3X Touch Installation Manual for Data Link Weather activation instructions.
DATA LINK WEATHER ADVISORY
Each time the system powers-up, the pilot is prompted to acknowledge a Data link
weather advisory.
Data link Weather Advisory
Touch Continue.
USING DATA LINK WEATHER PRODUCTS
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
Hazard Avoidance
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
WARNING: Do not use data link weather information for maneuvering in,
near, or around areas of hazardous weather. Information contained within
data link weather products may not accurately depict current weather conditions.
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Hazard Avoidance
GPS
Navigation
Flight
Planning
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
FIS-B is a subscription-free weather service that is broadcast by Ground Based Transceivers
(GBTs) over the 978 MHz UAT frequency band as part of the FAA’s Next Generation Air
Transportation System (NextGen). To receive FIS-B weather information, the radio must
be within range and line-of-sight of an operating GBT. Reception may be affected by
altitude, terrain, and other factors. The FIS-B weather products include METARs, TAFs,
NEXRAD (Regional and CONUS (Combined)), AIRMETs, SIGMETs, PIREPs, and Winds and
Temperatures Aloft. Other products include NOTAMs and TFRs.
CNS
Interface
The supported FIS-B radios are designed to receive, process, and output traffic (ADS-B
air-to-air, and TIS-B traffic information), and weather (Flight Information Service-Broadcast
(FIS-B)) information to the G3X Touch system through an RS-232 serial connection or
Bluetooth connection. As a UAT receiver, the FIS-B radios can receive and, when connected
to the G3X Touch, display Flight Information Service-Broadcast (FIS-B) weather products as
well as traffic.
EIS
FIS-B
Flight
Instruments
Data Link Weather Products can be displayed on the Map Page and individually on the
Weather (Wx) Page.
System
Overview
WARNING: Do not use the indicated data link weather product age to
determine the age of the weather information shown by the data link weather
product. Due to time delays inherent in gathering and processing weather
data for data link transmission, the weather information shown by the data
link weather product may be significantly older than the indicated weather
product age.
AFCS
FIS-B EXPIRATION TIME
Annun/Alerts
Appendix
FIS-B weather broadcasts are updated regularly and may take approximately
ten minutes to transmit all available weather data. Therefore, weather data is not
immediately available. No pilot action is required to receive FIS-B weather information.
Weather product status can be viewed on the dedicated Weather Page,or the Data Link
Page from the Tools menu.
Index
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151
When a FIS-B weather product is active on a map, the age of the data is displayed
on the screen in the lower left corner. The age of the product is based on the time
difference between when the data was assembled on the ground and the current GPS
time. Weather products are broadcast at specific intervals (see broadcast interval in
the table below).
If, for any reason, a weather product is not refreshed within the Expiration Time
intervals (see table), the data is considered expired and is removed from the display.
This ensures that only data that is consistent with FIS-B broadcast data is displayed.
If more than half of the expiration time has elapsed, the color of the product age
displayed changes to yellow. The system displays dashes instead of a product age
when a product has expired. If a weather product is not available or has not been
received, the system displays ‘N/A’ instead of a product age.
The table below shows the FIS-B weather expiration time and the broadcast interval.
The broadcast interval represents the interval at which FIS-B GBTs broadcast new
signals that may or may not contain new weather data. It does not represent the rate
at which weather data is updated or new content is received.
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
Hazard Avoidance
Update Interval
(Minutes)
Broadcast
Interval
(Minutes)
60 minutes
~5 minutes precipitation
mode
10 minutes for clear air
15
NEXRAD Composite
Reflectivity (Regional)
60 minutes
As Available
2.5
METAR
8 hours
1 minute (where available),
As Available otherwise
5
TAF
12 hours
8 hours
10
AIRMET
12 hours
As Available
5
SIGMET
12 hours
As Available, then at 15
minute intervals for 1 hour
5
PIREP
8 hours
As Available
10
Index
AFCS
Additional
Features
NEXRAD Composite
Reflectivity (CONUS)
Annun/Alerts
Expiration
Time
Appendix
FIS-B Products
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Update Interval
(Minutes)
Broadcast
Interval
(Minutes)
12 hours
12 hours
10
12 hours
As Available
10
Flight
Instruments
EIS
Winds and
Temperatures Aloft
NOTAM (D)/FDC
(Including TFRs)
Expiration
Time
System
Overview
FIS-B Products
Weather Product Timing
CNS
Interface
GPS
Navigation
Viewing Ground Station Status:
1) Press the MENU Key twice to display the Main Menu.
2) Touch Data Link.
3) Press the MENU Key.
4) Touch Ground Stations.
Flight
Planning
SiriusXM
SXM Weather Information
AFCS
• Radio ID—Eight-digit ID number used for activation.
Additional
Features
SiriusXM Satellite Radio uses the Radio ID to send an activation signal that allows
the G3X Touch to display weather data and/or entertainment programming.
Hazard
Avoidance
Before SiriusXM Weather can be used, the service must be activated. Service is
activated by providing SiriusXM Satellite Radio with a Radio ID.
• Service Level—SiriusXM Weather subscription plan purchased.
Appendix
Accessing Data Link Weather information:
From the Weather (Wx) Page, press the MENU Key and touch More
Info....
Annun/Alerts
• Weather Products—List of weather features and age of weather data in
minutes.
Index
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153
Data Link Weather Setup
The setup menu for the Map Page controls the map range settings above which weather
products are decluttered from the display. If a map range larger than the weather product
map range setting is selected, the weather product data is removed from the map. For
weather products such as Lightning, and Storm Cells, the weather product is displayed
when a map range “smaller” than the weather product map range setting is selected
(Satellite Mosaic works inversely). The menu also provides a means for enabling/disabling
display of ‘Airmets’, ‘Sigmets’, ‘Weather Data’, ‘NEXRAD’, and/or ‘Fronts’ on the Map Page.
Additional information about the following can be displayed by touching the item on the
Weather Page or the Map Page:
• Storm Cells
• METARs
• SIGMETs
• TFRs
• AIRMETs
Viewing Data Link Weather products on the Map Page:
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
Hazard Avoidance
1)
From the Map Page, press the MENU Key.
2)
Touch Weather.
3)
Touch the desired weather product on the map.
4)
With the weather product selected, touch the Map Feature Button to
display additional information.
AFCS
Viewing Data Link Weather products on the Weather (Wx) Page:
1) From the Wx Page, touch the desired weather product on the map.
2) With the weather product selected, touch the Map Feature Button to
display additional information.
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
Setting up and customizing weather data for the Map Page:
1) From the Map Page press the MENU Key.
2) Touch Set Up Map.
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Hazard Avoidance
Scroll the tabs left/right or up/down if necessary.
4)
Touch the Weather Tab.
5)
Touch
6)
Touch the desired option for each weather product.
to view a list of options (On, Off, Auto, range settings, etc.).
Flight
Instruments
EIS
Restoring default weather data for the Map Page:
1) From the Map Page press the MENU Key.
2) Touch Set Up Map.
3) Touch the Weather Tab.
4) Press the MENU Key.
5) Touch Restore Category Defaults.
CNS
Interface
to cycle through the weather products.
Flight
Planning
Touch
GPS
Navigation
Viewing legends for displayed weather products:
1) From the Wx Page, press the MENU Key.
2) Touch Weather Legend.
3)
Or
2)
Touch More.
3)
Touch Weather Legend.
4)
Touch
Additional
Features
From the Map Page, press the MENU Key.
Hazard
Avoidance
1)
System
Overview
3)
to cycle through the weather products.
AFCS
Animating weather:
1) From the Map Page or the Wx Page, press the MENU Key.
2) Touch Animate Weather.
Annun/Alerts
Appendix
Index
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155
Hazard Avoidance
System
Overview
WEATHER PRODUCTS
Flight
Instruments
Weather Product
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
EIS
NEXRAD Radar (CONUS)
Base and Composite
Reflectivity
NEXRAD Radar (CONUS
low resolution)
NEXRAD Radar (Regional
high resolution)
156
SiriusXM Weather
(products vary by
subscription)
FIS-B Weather
(Subscription-free)
+
+
+
NEXRAD Radar (Canada)
+
Satellite Mosaic
Surface Precipitation
Surface Analysis
Sea Surface Temperatures
Echo Tops
Surface Pressure
Lightning
Storm Cells
METAR (US)
METAR (Canada)
TAF (US)
TAF (Canada)
AIRMET
SIGMET
PIREP
Winds Aloft
Temperatures Aloft
NOTAMs
Temporary Flight
Restrictions
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
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+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
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Hazard Avoidance
Flight
Instruments
EIS
Freezing Level
Turbulence Forecast
Icing Forecast
City Forecast
FIS-B Weather
(Subscription-free)
System
Overview
Weather Product
SiriusXM Weather
(products vary by
subscription)
+
+
+
+
Supported Weather Products by Source
CNS
Interface
NEXRAD
Additional
Features
AFCS
Annun/Alerts
Appendix
The display of radar coverage is always active when NEXRAD is selected. Areas
where NEXRAD radar coverage is not currently available or is not being collected are
indicated in grayish-purple.
Hazard
Avoidance
Composite data from all the NEXRAD radar sites in the United States is shown. This
data is composed of the maximum reflectivity from the individual radar sweeps. The
display of the information is color-coded to indicate the weather severity level.
Flight
Planning
NEXRAD data is not real-time. The lapsed time between collection, processing, and
dissemination of NEXRAD images can be significant and may not reflect the current
radar synopsis. Due to the inherent delays and the relative age of the data, it should
be used for long-range planning purposes only. Never use NEXRAD data or any radar
data to penetrate hazardous weather. Rather, use it in an early-warning capacity of
pre-departure and enroute evaluation.
GPS
Navigation
NEXRAD (NEXt-generation RADar), is a network of multiple high-resolution Doppler
radar sites that are operated by the National Weather Service (NWS). NEXRAD data
provides centralized meteorological information for the continental United States and
selected overseas locations. The maximum range of a single NEXRAD radar site is 250
nm. In addition to a wide array of services, the NEXRAD network provides important
information about severe weather and air traffic safety.
Index
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157
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
Hazard Avoidance
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
NEXRAD Weather Legend
NEXRAD No Radar Coverage
NEXRAD Abnormalities
There are possible abnormalities regarding displayed NEXRAD images. Some, but
not all, of those include:
• Ground clutter
• Strobes and spurious radar data
• Sun strobes, when the radar antenna points directly at the sun
• Military aircraft deploy metallic dust (chaff) which can cause alterations in radar
scans
• Interference from buildings or mountains, which may cause shadows
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
No Radar
Coverage
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Certain limitations exist regarding the NEXRAD radar displays. Some, but not all, are
listed for the user’s awareness:
GPS
Navigation
• Any precipitation displayed between 52°N and 55°N is unknown.
CNS
Interface
• Radar coverage only extends to 55°N.
EIS
• NEXRAD base reflectivity is sampled at the minimum antenna elevation angle. An
individual NEXRAD site cannot depict high altitude storms at close ranges, and
has no information about storms directly over the site.
Flight
Instruments
• NEXRAD base reflectivity does not provide sufficient information to determine
cloud layers or precipitation characteristics (hail vs. rain). For example, it is not
possible to distinguish between wet snow, wet hail, and rain.
System
Overview
NEXRAD Limitations
Flight
Planning
No Radar
Coverage Above
55°N
Hazard
Avoidance
NEXRAD Radar Coverage Limitations
Additional
Features
Reflectivity
AFCS
Annun/Alerts
Appendix
Reflectivity is the amount of transmitted power returned to the radar receiver. Colors
on the NEXRAD display directly correlate to the level of detected reflectivity. Reflectivity
as it relates to hazardous weather can be very complex. The role of radar is essentially
to detect moisture in the atmosphere. Simply put, certain types of weather reflect radar
better than others. The intensity of a radar reflection is not necessarily an indication of
the weather hazard level. For instance, wet hail returns a strong radar reflection, while
dry hail does not. Both wet and dry hail can be extremely hazardous.
Index
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159
NEXRAD Intensity
Colors are used to identify the different NEXRAD echo intensities (reflectivity)
measured in dBZ (decibels of Z). “Reflectivity” (designated by the letter Z) is the
amount of transmitted power returned to the radar receiver. The dBZ values increase
as returned signal strength increases. Precipitation intensity is displayed using colors
corresponding to the dBZ values.
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
Hazard Avoidance
NEXRAD Data
FIS-B weather provides two different Radar products, CONUS and Regional. The
system can display each individually or a composite (COMBINED). When Regional
Radar is displayed, only precipitation for your current region is displayed. The subdued
(grayish-purple colored) area represents the area not covered by the regional radar
product. When Combined radar data is viewed, Regional Radar data is displayed on
top of CONUS data and the time shown in the lower left corner is associated with
Regional Radar data only.
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
FIS-B Radar Products
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Flight
Instruments
Satellite Mosaic displays infrared composite images of cloud cover taken by
geostationary weather satellites. The Satellite Mosaic provides up to seven levels of
cloud cover.
System
Overview
Satellite Mosaic
EIS
CNS
Interface
GPS
Navigation
Flight
Planning
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
Satellite Mosaic Data
AFCS
Annun/Alerts
Appendix
Index
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161
Echo Tops
Echo Tops are derived from NEXRAD radar and indicate the highest altitude at which
precipitation is falling. Echo Tops at or above the altitude you select are displayed, in
5,000 foot increments up to 70,000 ft. Echo Tops can be helpful in determining the
severity of thunderstorms.
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
Hazard Avoidance
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Echo Tops Data
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Hazard Avoidance
CNS
Interface
The wind barbs always point in the direction that the wind is coming from. The wind
speed is depicted using flags at the end of the wind barb. A short wind flag is 5 knots,
a long wind flag is 10 knots, and a triangle flag is 50 knots.
EIS
Winds Aloft are displayed using wind barbs or a wind streamline depending on
the selected range. The wind barbs indicate wind speed and direction. The wind
streamline indicates wind direction with arrows.
Flight
Instruments
Winds Aloft data shows the forecasted wind speed and direction at the surface
and at selected altitudes. Altitudes can be displayed in 3,000-foot increments up to
42,000 feet MSL.
System
Overview
Winds Aloft
GPS
Navigation
Flight
Planning
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
AFCS
Annun/Alerts
Winds Aloft Data
Appendix
Index
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163
Hazard Avoidance
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
Wind Direction
15 Knots
5 Knots
20 Knots
10 Knots
50 Knots
EIS
Wind Flag
Winds Barbs
When winds aloft data is zoomed out, the wind barbs are displayed as general wind
trend lines. This removes the magnitude of the wind speed, but shows general trends.
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
Calm
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Wind Lines
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Hazard Avoidance
Flight
Instruments
EIS
This feature displays pressure isobars and pressure centers. The isobars connect
points of equal pressure. Pressure readings can help determine weather and wind
conditions. High pressure areas are generally associated with fair weather. Low
pressure areas are generally associated with clouds and the chance of precipitation.
Isobars that are packed closely together show a strong pressure gradient. Strong
gradients are associated with areas of stronger winds. Pressure units can be displayed
in Millibars (mb) or Inches of Mercury (in).
System
Overview
Surface Pressure
CNS
Interface
GPS
Navigation
Flight
Planning
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
Surface Pressure Data
Annun/Alerts
Lightning data shows the approximate location of cloud-to-ground lightning strikes.
A strike icon represents a strike that has occurred within a two-kilometer region and
within the last seven minutes. The exact location of the lightning strike is not displayed.
AFCS
Lightning
Appendix
Index
Lightning Data
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Storm Cells
The Storm Cells feature displays storms as well as the storm’s projected path in the
immediate future.
The direction of the storm is displays by an arrow (at a range of 20 nm or less).
The tip of the arrow indicates where the storm should be in 15 minutes. Critical
information about the storm cell (tops and intensity) can be viewed by touching the
storm cell.
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
Hazard Avoidance
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Additional
Features
Storm Cell Data
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Hazard Avoidance
System
Overview
METARs and TAFs
EIS
CNS
Interface
GPS
Navigation
Flight
Planning
METAR (METeorological Aerodrome Report) is an international code used for
reporting weather observations. METARs are updated hourly or as needed. METARs
typically contain information about the temperature, dewpoint, wind, precipitation,
cloud cover, cloud heights, visibility, and barometric pressure. They can also contain
information on precipitation amounts, lightning, and other critical data. If METAR data
is available for an airport, a color-coded flag is shown next to the airport.
TAF (Terminal Area Forecast) is the standard format for 24-hour weather forecasts.
TAFs may contain some of the same code as METAR data. It typically forecasts
significant weather changes, temporary changes, probable changes, and expected
changes in weather conditions.
METAR and TAF text data is displayed on the Map Page and the Weather (WX) Page.
An abbreviated version can be viewed by touching the METAR flag. Touching the
identifier name displays additional information.
Flight
Instruments
NOTE: METAR information is only displayed within the installed aviation
database service area.
Hazard
Avoidance
The METAR flag color is determined by the information in the METAR text.
Additional
Features
VFR (ceiling greater than 3000 feet AGL and visibility greater than 5
miles)
Marginal VFR (ceiling 1000-3000 feet AGL and/or visibility 3-5 miles)
AFCS
Annun/Alerts
IFR (ceiling 500 to below 1000 feet AGL and/or visibility 1 mile to less
than 3 miles)
Low IFR (ceiling below 500 feet AGL or visibility less than 1 mile)
Appendix
METAR text does not contain adequate information to determine
flight conditions
Index
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167
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
Hazard Avoidance
METAR Data
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Hazard Avoidance
Flight
Instruments
An AIRMET (AIRmen’s METeorological Information) can be especially helpful for
pilots of light aircraft that have limited flight capability or instrumentation. An AIRMET
must affect or be forecast to affect an area of at least 3,000 square miles at any one
time. AIRMETs are routinely issued for six-hour periods and are amended as necessary
due to changing weather conditions. AIRMETs are displayed as colored, dashed lines.
System
Overview
AIRMETS
EIS
CNS
Interface
GPS
Navigation
Flight
Planning
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
AIRMET Data
AFCS
Annun/Alerts
Appendix
Index
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A SIGMET (SIGnificant METeorological Information) advises of weather that is
potentially hazardous to all aircraft. In the contiguous United States, the following
items are covered: severe icing, severe or extreme turbulence, volcanic ash, dust storms,
and sandstorms that lower visibility to less than three statute miles.
A Convective SIGMET is issued for the following conditions: thunderstorms, isolated
severe thunderstorms, embedded thunderstorms, hail at the surface, and tornadoes.
A SIGMET is widespread and must affect or be forecast to affect an area of at least
3,000 square miles. SIGMETs are displayed as a yellow-dashed line.
Temporary Flight Restrictions (TFR)
NOTE: Do not rely solely upon data link services to provide Temporary Flight
Restriction (TFR) information. Always confirm TFR information through official
sources such as Flight Service Stations or Air Traffic Control.
Temporary Flight Restrictions, or TFRs, temporarily restrict all aircraft from entering
the selected airspace unless a waiver has been issued. TFRs are routinely issued for
activities such as sporting events, dignitary visits, military depots, and forest fires. TFRs
are represented as an area highlighted by red (active) or yellow (not yet active).
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
Flight
Instruments
SIGMETs
EIS
System
Overview
Hazard Avoidance
TFR Data
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Flight
Instruments
Pilot Weather Reports (PIREPs) provide timely weather information for a particular
route of flight. When significant weather conditions are reported or forecast, Air Traffic
Control (ATC) facilities are required to solicit PIREPs. A PIREP may contain unforecast
adverse weather conditions, such as low in-flight visibility, icing conditions, wind shear,
and turbulence. PIREPs are issued as either Routine (UA) or Urgent (UUA).
System
Overview
PIREPs
EIS
CNS
Interface
PIREP
Selected
GPS
Navigation
Flight
Planning
PIREP Data
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
AFCS
Annun/Alerts
Appendix
Index
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Hazard Avoidance
System
Overview
PIREP TYPE
Icons
Description
Negligible Icing
Flight
Instruments
Trace Icing
Trace to Light Icing
EIS
Icing
Light Icing
Light to Moderate Icing
CNS
Interface
Moderate Icing
Moderate to Severe Icing
GPS
Navigation
Severe Icing
Unknown Sky Condition
Flight
Planning
Sky Clear
Few Clouds
Hazard
Avoidance
Sky Conditions
Scattered Clouds
Broken Clouds
Additional
Features
Overcast
IMC
AFCS
Turbulence Negligible or Smooth
Light Turbulence
Annun/Alerts
Light to Moderate Turbulence
Turbulence
Moderate Turbulence
Appendix
Moderate to Severe Turbulence
Severe Turbulence
Index
Extreme Turbulence
PIREP Icons
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Hazard Avoidance
Freezing Level shows contours for the lowest forecast altitude where icing conditions
are likely to occur.
System
Overview
Freezing Levels
Flight
Instruments
EIS
CNS
Interface
GPS
Navigation
Flight
Planning
Freezing Level Data
Additional
Features
Turbulence data identifies the potential for erratic movement of high-altitude air
mass associated winds. Turbulence is classified as light, moderate, severe, or extreme.
Turbulence data is intended to supplement AIRMETs and SIGMETs.
Hazard
Avoidance
Turbulence Forecast
AFCS
Annun/Alerts
Appendix
Index
Turbulence Data
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Icing Forecast (CIP & SLD)
Current Icing Product (CIP) data shows a graphical view of the current icing
environment. Icing severity is displayed in four categories: light, moderate, severe,
and extreme (not specific to aircraft type). The CIP product is not a forecast, but a
representation of the current conditions at the time of the analysis.
Supercooled Large Droplet (SLD) icing conditions are characterized by the presence
of relatively large, super cooled water droplets indicative of freezing drizzle and
freezing rain aloft. SLD threat areas are depicted as magenta dots over the CIP colors.
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
Hazard Avoidance
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Icing Data
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Hazard Avoidance
Flight
Instruments
WARNING: Do not rely on information from the lightning detection system
display as the sole basis for hazardous weather avoidance. Range limitations
and interference may cause the system to display inaccurate or incomplete
information. Refer to documentation from the lightning detection system
manufacturer for detailed information about the system.
System
Overview
Lightning Detector
EIS
NOTE: Lightning detector data cannot be displayed simultaneously with data
link lightning weather products on the same map.
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
AFCS
Enabling/disabling Lightning Detection:
1) From the Map Page press the MENU Key.
2) Touch Set Up Map.
3) Scroll the tabs left or right if necessary.
4) Touch the Lightning Tab.
5) Touch
under Lightning Detector Data On or Off as desired.
Or
1) From the Map Page, press the MENU Key.
2) Touch Lightning Detector to toggle on or off as desired.
Flight
Planning
NOTE: Lightning Detection settings made on the Map Page are similarly
reflected for the PFD inset map (GDU 460 only) if enabled.
GPS
Navigation
The Lightning Detector operates in either Cell Mode or Strike Mode. When operating
in Cell Mode, the system displays clusters or cells of electrical activity. When operating
in Strike Mode, the system displays the approximate location of individual lightning
strikes.
CNS
Interface
Lightning Detector data provides lightning cell and strike information on the
PFD inset map (GDU 460 only) and navigation map using the lightning symbology.
Lightning strike symbols appear the same size for the first minute and gradually fade
away over the following two minutes.
Annun/Alerts
Appendix
Index
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Hazard Avoidance
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
Selecting a Lightning Detection mode:
1) From the Map Page press the MENU Key.
2) Touch Set Up Map.
3) Scroll the tabs left or right if necessary.
4) Touch the Lightning Tab.
5) Touch
under Lightning Detector Mode and select Strike or Cell as
desired.
Clearing the Navigation Map removes any previously displayed cell or lightning
strike information from the navigation maps.
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
Selecting a Lightning Detection map range:
1) From the Map Page press the MENU Key.
2) Touch Set Up Map.
3) Scroll the tabs left or right if necessary.
4) Touch the Lightning Tab.
5) Touch
under Lightning Detector Symbol and select a desired map range
setting from the list.
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Additional
Features
Clearing Lightning Detection information from Navigation Map:
1) From the Map Page press the MENU Key.
2) Touch Set Up Map.
3) Scroll the tabs left or right if necessary.
4) Touch the Lightning Tab.
5) Touch Clear Strikes.
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Hazard Avoidance
System
Overview
7.2 TERRAIN
Index
177
Appendix
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
Annun/Alerts
190-02472-00 Rev. A
AFCS
Alert windows appear on all pages (except the Terrain (Ter) Page) to inform the pilot
of proximity to the terrain and obstacles, as well as an unsafe descent rate. These
alerts depend on user-defined parameters in the Terrain Page setup.
Additional
Features
Terrain and obstacle databases are referenced to MSL. Using the GPS position
and altitude, the Terrain feature portrays a 2-D picture of the surrounding terrain and
obstacles relative to the position and altitude of the aircraft. GPS position and GPSMSL altitude are used to calculate and predict the aircraft’s flight path in relation to the
surrounding terrain and obstacles. In this way, the pilot can view predicted dangerous
terrain and obstacle conditions.
Hazard
Avoidance
The G3X Touch GPS receiver provides the horizontal position and altitude of the
aircraft. Aircraft GPS altitude is derived from satellite position. GPS altitude is then
converted to a mean sea level (MSL)-based altitude (GPS-MSL altitude) and is used to
determine terrain and obstacle proximity. GPS-MSL altitude accuracy is affected by
satellite geometry, but is not subject to variations in pressure and temperature that
normally affect pressure altitude sensors. GPS-MSL altitude does not require local
altimeter settings to determine MSL altitude. It is a widely-used MSL altitude source.
Flight
Planning
Note that all obstructions may not be available in the terrain and obstacle database.
No terrain and obstacle information is shown without a valid 3-D GPS position.
GPS
Navigation
The Terrain Page displays altitudes of terrain and obstructions relative to the aircraft
position and altitude with reference to a database that may contain inaccuracies.
Terrain and obstructions are shown only if they are in the database. Terrain and
obstacle information should be used as an aid to situational awareness. They should
never be used to navigate or maneuver around terrain.
CNS
Interface
NOTE: Terrain depicted in the Profile View is always “ahead” of the aircraft,
and will change as ground track changes.
EIS
NOTE: Terrain data is not displayed when the aircraft is outside the installed
terrain database coverage area.
Flight
Instruments
WARNING: Do not use Terrain information for primary terrain avoidance.
Terrain information is intended only to enhance situational awareness.
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
Hazard Avoidance
SYNTHETIC VISION
Terrain is integrated within Synthetic Vision (when active) to provide land contours
(colors are consistent with those of the topographical map display), large water
features, towers, obstacles over 200’ AGL, as well as visual and auditory alerts to
indicate the presence of terrain and obstacle threats relevant to the projected flight
path. Synthetic Vision terrain information is displayed in red and yellow shading on the
PFD. Refer to Section 8.1 (Synthetic Vision) for more information.
The areas of the terrain shaded red are predicted to be within 100 feet below or
above the aircraft. The yellow terrain areas are between the user-defined Caution
Elevation and 100 feet below the aircraft. By default, the Caution Elevation is 1,000
feet; therefore, the areas in yellow are between 1,000 feet and 100 feet below the
aircraft. The black areas are further than the Caution Elevation. A projected point of
impact is marked with an “X” symbol.
Enabling/disabling Terrain Shading on the Map Page:
From the Map Page, press MENU, then touch Terrain.
TERRAIN VIEWS
Two views are displayed on the Terrain (Ter) Page: the Map View, and the Profile
View.
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
TERRAIN INFORMATION
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Hazard Avoidance
Obstacle
EIS
Terrain Legend
Flight
Instruments
Red Terrain is above
the aircraft, or
within 100 ft below
the aircraft.
System
Overview
Yellow Terrain is
Between the Userdefined Caution
Elevation and
100 ft Below the
Aircraft
Map View
CNS
Interface
Profile View
GPS
Navigation
Flight
Planning
Terrain (Ter) Page
Additional
Features
is shown, and the red band starts at 400 feet above the aircraft. This
allows the pilot to quickly identify threatening terrain while on the
ground. After the aircraft is airborne, the terrain display reverts to
normal.
Hazard
Avoidance
NOTE: When on the ground, the terrain color scale changes so no yellow
AFCS
OBSTACLE INFORMATION
Appendix
Standard aeronautical chart symbols are used for lighted or unlighted obstacles
taller than 200 feet Above Ground Level (AGL). Refer to the Obstacle Icons legend
below.
Annun/Alerts
Obstacles are shown on the Terrain Page at or below the map range of 12 nm.
Obstacles are also shown on the Map Page when the map range is set to 3 nm or
below.
Index
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179
Each obstacle is labeled with the altitude of the top of the obstacle, or Mean Sea
Level (MSL). Each obstacle also lists, in parentheses, the actual height of the obstacle,
or Above Ground Level (AGL).
Unlighted
Lighted Obstacle
Obstacle
< 1000’ > 1000’ < 1000’ > 1000’
AGL
AGL
AGL
AGL
Potential
Impact
Points
GPS
Navigation
Flight
Planning
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Terrain Obstacle Colors and Symbology
TERRAIN SETTINGS
• Look Ahead Time—Determines the maximum time when an alert annunciation
occurs. For example, if 120 seconds is selected, the G3X Touch provides an alert
up to 120 seconds before you reach the terrain or obstacle.
• Alert Sensitivity—The three Alert Sensitivity settings (Terrain, Obstacles, and
Descent Rate) determine what level of alerts are annunciated. The G3X Touch
defaults to ‘High’ sensitivity, which annunciates all red and yellow alerts at the
time set in Look Ahead Time. ‘Medium’ sensitivity annunciates all of the red
and the highest priority of yellow alerts. ‘Low’ only annunciates red alerts. ‘Off’
disables the alert.
Index
Annun/Alerts
Use the terrain settings to set levels for terrain alerts as well as obstacles in or
near your flight path.
• Caution Elevation—The G3X Touch will provide an alert if the terrain or obstacle
is within the default Caution Elevation or user-defined Caution Elevation.
Appendix
AFCS
Obstacle Location
WARNING: Red
obstacle is above or
within 100’ below
current aircraft altitude
CAUTION: Yellow
obstacle is between
100’ and 1000’
(default) below current
aircraft altitude
CNS
Interface
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
Hazard Avoidance
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Hazard Avoidance
Flight
Instruments
EIS
CNS
Interface
GPS
Navigation
Flight
Planning
TERRAIN ALERTS
System
Overview
Accessing the terrain settings:
1) From the Terrain Page, press the MENU Key.
2) Touch Caution Elevation and touch 500ft Below, 750ft Below, or
1000ft Below.
Or:
Touch Look Ahead Time and touch 60 Seconds, 90 Seconds, or 120
Seconds.
Or:
Touch Terrain, Obstacles, or Descent Rate and touch Off, Low,
Medium, or High. May need to touch Alert Sensitivity first depending
on screen size/layout.
Or:
Touch Alerts to toggle between Enabled and Inhibited.
Or:
Touch Profile View to toggle on and off.
Hazard
Avoidance
If the Terrain Page is not displayed, a pop-up alert appears in the lower left corner of
the page. The Range Rings on the pop-up alert are spaced every whole mile/kilometer/
nautical mile. Touch the alert to acknowledge the pop-up and/or aural alert.
AFCS
Annun/Alerts
Appendix
Terrain and obstacle annunciations appear on the PFD in the upper left corner of the
Attitude Indicator. Arrows are depicted on the terrain and obstacle annunciations if
terrain is outside the Synthetic Vision field of view.
Additional
Features
Terrain, Obstacle, and Descent Rate Alerts are issued when flight conditions meet
parameters that are set within the software algorithms. Terrain alerts typically employ
a CAUTION or a WARNING alert severity level, or both. When an alert is issued, visual
annunciations are displayed and aural alerts are simultaneously issued. When the
aircraft descends through 500 feet above the destination airport or user waypoint
(saved as an airport symbol) an audible “Five Hundred” altitude reminder occurs.
Index
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181
Hazard Avoidance
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
Arrows indicate the terrain is
outside the Synthetic Vision
field of view.
Terrain Annunciation on PFD
AURAL ALERTS
• “Five Hundred”—when the aircraft descends through 500 feet above the destination airport or user waypoint (saved as an airport symbol).
The following aural terrain alerts are issued when flight conditions meet
parameters that are set within the software algorithms, and are dependent on
the sensitivity level set in the Terrain Setup Menu.
Alert Severity
Terrain
Obstacle
Descent Rate
Caution
“caution, terrain”
“caution, terrain
ahead”
“caution, obstacle”
“caution, obstacle
ahead”
“caution, sink
rate”
Warning
“terrain ahead! pull
up!”
“terrain! terrain! pull
up! pull up!”
“obstacle ahead! pull
up!”
“obstacle! obstacle!
pull up! pull up!”
“sink rate, pull
up!”
“pull up!”
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
EIS
Enabling/disabling terrain alerts:
1) From the Terrain Page, press the MENU Key.
2) Touch Alerts to toggle between Enabled and Inhibited.
Index
Appendix
Aural Alerts Summary
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Hazard Avoidance
System
Overview
Flight
Instruments
EIS
PFD Terrain Alert
CNS
Interface
GPS
Navigation
Pop-up Alert
Flight
Planning
MFD Terrain Alerts
Hazard
Avoidance
7.3 TRAFFIC SYSTEMS
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Index
• If the GTX is receiving TIS-A traffic, and the GDL is not receiving ground uplink
TIS-B traffic, then GTX TIS-A traffic will be displayed.
Appendix
• If the GDL is receiving both air-to-air ADS-B traffic data and ground uplink TIS-B
traffic, then the GDL ADS-B traffic will be displayed.
Annun/Alerts
• If the GTX is not receiving TIS-A traffic data, GDL ADS-B traffic will be displayed.
AFCS
The G3X Touch is compatible with three different traffic sources; TIS-A traffic
via a Garmin Mode S Transponder, TAS via a GTS 800, or ADS-B/TIS-B traffic via a
compatible ADS-B device. When the G3X Touch system is configured with both a
Mode S transponder capable of receiving TIS-A traffic and a compatible device capable
of receiving ADS-B/TIS-B traffic the G3X Touch will automatically switch between
traffic sources. The following conditions describe the traffic display logic.
Additional
Features
TRAFFIC SOURCE
The current traffic source is annunciated in the upper left hand corner of the Traffic
Page (TRF).
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
Hazard Avoidance
Traffic Source
Description
GTX TIS-A
Operating
Displaying TIS-A traffic from a Mode S transponder.
GTX ADS-B
Operating
Displaying ADS-B traffic from a GTX
GDL ADS-B
Operating
Normal
Displaying ADS-B/TIS-B traffic from a GDL
GTS TAS
Operating
Normal
Displaying TAS traffic from a GTS 800
Traffic Source Annunciation
TRAFFIC PRIORITIZATION
The G3X Touch supports multiple traffic receivers and automatically prioritizes these
devices.
The following are the traffic receivers in order of priority:
- GTS 800 device
- GDL device receiving both air-to-air and TIS-B
- GTX GTX 330ES device receiving TIS-A
- GDL device receiving only air-to-air
The G3X Touch is capable of device switching in the event that a device becomes
unavailable.
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
- GTX 345/345R device
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Hazard Avoidance
SYSTEM STATUS
System Status
EIS
The traffic system status is annunciated in the upper right corner of the Map Page.
Flight
Instruments
NOTE: Refer to Appendix E for general information regarding Traffic Information Service (TIS-A).
System
Overview
TRAFFIC INFORMATION SERVICE (TIS-A) (OPTIONAL)
Traffic Icon
CNS
Interface
Operating
GPS
Navigation
No Traffic Data Available
Flight
Planning
If a Traffic Icon is not displayed, check the Map Page range and/or
the Traffic Display Range on the Map Set Up menu.
Traffic Modes
Annun/Alerts
Appendix
A Traffic Advisory (TA) symbol appears as a solid yellow circle. All other traffic within
range is shown as a hollow white diamond. Altitude deviation from own aircraft
altitude is shown above the target symbol if traffic is above own aircraft altitude, and
below the symbol if they are below own aircraft altitude. Altitude trend is shown as an
up arrow (>+500 ft/min), down arrow (<-500 ft/min), or no symbol if less than 500 ft/
min rate in either direction.
AFCS
A Proximity Advisory (PA) indicates that the intruding aircraft is within ±1200 feet
and is within a 5 nm range, but is still not considered a threat.
Additional
Features
Traffic is shown on the G3X Touch according to TCAS symbology, graphically shown
on the Traffic Page (Optional), Map Page, in the Traffic Warning Window, and Synthetic
Vision.
Hazard
Avoidance
TRAFFIC SYMBOLOGY
Index
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185
Hazard Avoidance
System
Overview
TIS-A Symbol
Flight
Instruments
Non-Threat Traffic
Proximity Advisory (PA)
EIS
Traffic Advisory (TA)
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
Traffic Symbols
TRAFFIC ANNUNCIATIONS
The G3X Touch displays traffic symbolically on the Map Page, and the Traffic Warning
Window (Inset Map) in the lower left corner of the GDU 460 MFD display.
When a traffic advisory (TA) is detected, the following automatically occur:
• The Traffic Warning Window (Inset Map) is enabled and displays traffic (GDU 460
Only).
• A flashing black-on-yellow ‘TRAFFIC’ annunciation will appear in the upper right
corner of the Attitude Indicator for five seconds and remains displayed until no TAs
are detected in the area.
• A single “Traffic” voice alert is generated
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Additional
Features
Description
Traffic Alerts
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Hazard Avoidance
System
Overview
Arrows are depicted on the traffic message if traffic is outside the Synthetic Vision
field of view. The arrow points in the direction of the traffic.
Flight
Instruments
EIS
CNS
Interface
Traffic Outside the Synthetic Vision
Field of View (PFD)
GPS
Navigation
Traffic Voice Alerts
Additional
Features
AFCS
• “Traffic”— Traffic alert received.
Hazard
Avoidance
If the number of Traffic Advisories on the traffic display decreases and then increases,
a new voice alert is sounded. The traffic voice alert is also generated whenever traffic
becomes available. The following traffic voice alerts are available:
Flight
Planning
A traffic voice alert is generated whenever the number of Traffic Advisories on the
G3X Touch screen increases from one scan to the next. Limiting Traffic Advisories only
reduces the “nuisance” alerting due to proximate aircraft. For example, when the first
Traffic Advisories appear on the TIS-A display, the user is alerted audibly. So long as
a single aircraft remains on the traffic display, no further voice alert is generated. If a
second (or more) aircraft appears on the screen, a new voice alert is sounded.
• “Traffic Not Available”—Traffic service is not available or out of range.
Annun/Alerts
Appendix
Enabling/disabling traffic alerts:
1) Touch the Page Navigation Bar.
2) Touch Traffic.
3) Press the MENU Key.
4) Touch Alerts to toggle between Enabled and Inhibited.
Index
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Traffic Warning Window
When a traffic threat is imminent, the Traffic Warning Window is shown. The Traffic
Warning Window shows a small pop-up map in the lower left corner. The Range Rings
on the pop-up alert are spaced every whole mile/kilometer/nautical mile.
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
Hazard Avoidance
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
Traffic
Warning
Window
NOTE: The Traffic Warning Window is disabled when the aircraft ground speed
is less than 30 knots or when on the approach leg of a route.
TRAFFIC GROUND TRACK
Traffic ground track is indicated on the G3X Touch screen by a “target track vector,”
a short line shown in 45-degree increments, extending in the direction of target
movement.
DISPLAYING TRAFFIC DATA
Traffic is displayed by default on the Map Page and the Traffic Warning Window.
Traffic information is also displayed on the PFD when Synthetic Vision is enabled.
See the ‘Additional Features’ Section for more information.
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
Traffic Warning Window
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Hazard Avoidance
System
Overview
Displaying Traffic information:
Touch the traffic on the map to display range and altitude separation
information.
Flight
Instruments
Traffic Range
and Altitude
Separation
EIS
Traffic
Ground
Track
CNS
Interface
GPS
Navigation
Traffic (Map Page)
Flight
Planning
Enabling/disabling traffic data on the Map Page:
1) From the Map Page, press the MENU Key.
2) Touch Traffic.
Hazard
Avoidance
Enabling/disabling traffic on the Synthetic Vision display:
1) Touch the HSI or Attitude Indicator.
2) Touch More Options.
3) Touch and drag to scroll down.
4) Touch Traffic to deselect it.
Additional
Features
AFCS
DEDICATED TRAFFIC PAGE (TRF)
Enabling/disabling the traffic alerts:
Annun/Alerts
NOTE: Traffic alerts are reset to ‘enabled’ on the next power cycle.
From the Traffic (Trf) Page, press the MENU Key.
2)
Touch Alerts to toggle between Inhibit and Enable.
Appendix
1)
Index
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189
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
Hazard Avoidance
GARMIN GTS 800 TRAFFIC (OPTIONAL)
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
Traffic Page
AFCS
Additional
Features
WARNING: Do not rely solely upon the display of traffic information for
traffic avoidance maneuvering. The GTS 800 Traffic Advisory System (TAS) is
intended for advisory use only to aid the pilot in visually acquiring traffic. No
avoidance maneuvers should be based solely upon TAS traffic information.
It is the responsibility of the pilot in command to see and maneuver to avoid
traffic.
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
NOTE: Pilots should be aware of TAS system limitations. TAS systems
require transponders of other aircraft to respond to system interrogations.
If the transponders do not respond to interrogations due to phenomena
such as antenna shading or marginal transponder performance, traffic may
be displayed intermittently, or not at all. Aircraft without altitude reporting
capability are shown without altitude separation data or climb descent indication. Pilots should remain vigilant for traffic at all times.
Index
NOTE: TIS-A is disabled when TAS installed.
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Hazard Avoidance
System
Overview
Flight
Instruments
EIS
The optional Garmin GTS 800 is a Traffic Advisory System (TAS). It enhances flight
crew situational awareness by displaying traffic information for transponder-equipped
aircraft. The system also provides visual and aural traffic alerts including voice
announcements to assist in visually acquiring traffic.
The GTS 800 is capable of tracking up to 45 intruding aircraft equipped with
Mode A or C transponders, and up to 30 intruding aircraft equipped with Mode S
transponders. A maximum of 30 aircraft with the highest threat potential can be
displayed simultaneously. No TAS surveillance is provided for aircraft without operating
transponders.
CNS
Interface
THEORY OF OPERATION
GPS
Navigation
Flight
Planning
When the GTS 800 is in Operating Mode, the unit interrogates the transponders of
intruding aircraft while monitoring transponder replies. The system uses this information
to derive the distance, relative bearing, and if reported, the altitude and vertical trend
for each aircraft within its surveillance range. The GTS 800 then calculates a closure
rate to each intruder based on the projected Closest Point of Approach (CPA). If the
closure rate meets the threat criteria for a Traffic Advisory (TA), visual and aural alerting
is provided.
Hazard
Avoidance
TAS SURVEILLANCE VOLUME
Additional
Features
AFCS
Annun/Alerts
The GTS 800 surveillance system monitors the airspace within ±10,000 feet of own
altitude. Under ideal conditions, the GTS 800 unit scans transponder traffic up to 12
nm in the forward direction. The range is somewhat reduced to the sides and aft of
own aircraft due to the directional interrogation signal patterns. In areas of greater
transponder traffic density or when TCAS II (Traffic Alert and Collision Avoidance
System II) systems are detected, the GTS 800 automatically reduces its interrogation
transmitter power (and therefore range) in order to limit potential interference from
other signals.
Appendix
Index
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191
TAS SYMBOLOGY
The GTS 800 uses symbology to depict intruding traffic using the symbols shown
below.
Symbol
CNS
Interface
Traffic Advisory out of the selected display range. Displayed at outer range
ring at proper bearing.
GPS
Navigation
Proximity Advisory.
AFCS
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
Non-Threat Traffic.
GTS 800 Traffic Symbols
A Traffic Advisory (TA), displayed as a yellow circle or triangle, alerts the crew to
a potentially hazardous intruding aircraft, if the closing rate, distance, and vertical
separation meet TA criteria. A Traffic Advisory that is beyond the selected display range
(off scale) is indicated by a half TA symbol at the edge of the screen at the relative
bearing of the intruder.
A Proximity Advisory (PA), displayed as a solid white diamond or triangle, indicates
the intruding aircraft is within ±1200 feet and is within a 6 nm range, but is still not
considered a TA threat.
Appendix
A Non-threat Advisory, shown as an open white diamond or triangle, is displayed for
traffic beyond 6 nm that is neither a TA or PA.
Relative altitude, when available, is displayed above or below the corresponding
intruder symbol in hundreds of feet. When this altitude is above own aircraft, it is
preceded by a ‘+’ symbol; a minus sign ‘-’ indicates traffic is below own aircraft.
Index
Annun/Alerts
Description
Traffic Advisory.
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
Hazard Avoidance
A vertical trend arrow to the right of the intruder symbol indicates climbing or
descending traffic with an upward or downward-pointing arrow respectively.
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Hazard Avoidance
System
Overview
Relative Altitude
Vertical trend arrow
Flight
Instruments
Intruder Altitude and Vertical Trend Arrow
CNS
Interface
TAS ALERTS
EIS
Flight IDs may also be displayed with traffic symbols; see the Flight IDs discussion in
this section for more information.
When the GTS 800 detects a new TA, the following occur:
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
If the bearing of TA traffic cannot be determined, a yellow text banner will be
displayed in the center of the Traffic Page and in the lower-left of the PFD inset map
(GDU 460 only) instead of a TA symbol. The text will indicate “TA” followed by the
distance, relative altitude, and vertical trend arrow for the TA traffic, if known.
Flight
Planning
• A TRAFFIC Annunciation appears at the top right of the airspeed on the PFD, flashing
for five seconds and remains displayed until no TAs are detected in the area.
GPS
Navigation
• A single “Traffic!” voice alert is generated, followed by additional voice information
about the bearing, relative altitude, and approximate distance from the intruder that
triggered the TA. The announcement “Traffic! 12 o’clock, high, four miles,” would
indicate the traffic is in front of own aircraft, above own altitude, and approximately
four nautical miles away.
AFCS
Distance (nm)
“One o’clock” through
“Twelve o’clock”
or “No Bearing”
“High”, “Low”, “Same
Altitude” (if within 200
feet of own altitude), or
“Altitude not available”
“Less than one mile”,
“One Mile” through “Ten
Miles”, or “More than ten
miles”
TA Descriptive Voice Announcements
Appendix
Relative Altitude
Annun/Alerts
Bearing
Index
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193
TA Alerting Conditions
The GTS 800 automatically adjusts its TA sensitivity level to reduce the likelihood
of nuisance TA alerting during flight phases likely to be near airports. The system
uses Level A TA sensitivity when the groundspeed is less than 120 knots; Level B TA
sensitivity applies in all other conditions.
Sensitivity Intruder Altitude
Level
Available
A
Yes
A
No
B
No
B
Yes
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
Hazard Avoidance
TA Alerting Conditions
Intruder closing rate provides less than 20
seconds of vertical and horizontal separation.
Or:
Intruder closing rate provides less than 20
seconds of horizontal separation and vertical
separation is within 600 feet.
Or:
Intruder range is within 0.2 nm and vertical
separation is within 600 feet.
Intruder closing rate provides less than 15
seconds of separation or intruder range is within
0.2 NM.
Intruder closing rate provides less than 20
seconds of separation or intruder range is within
0.55 NM.
Intruder closing rate provides less than 30
seconds of vertical and horizontal separation.
Or:
Intruder closing rate provides less than 30
seconds of horizontal separation and vertical
separation is within 800 feet.
Or:
Intruder range is within 0.55 nm and vertical
separation is within 800 feet.
TA Sensitivity Level and TA Alerting Criteria
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Hazard Avoidance
2)
Press the MENU Key.
3)
Touch Self-test.
GPS
Navigation
From the Traffic Page, touch + or - to set the range to 2/6 nm to allow the
full test pattern to be displayed during test.
CNS
Interface
1)
EIS
The GTS 800 provides a system test mode to verify the TAS system is operating
normally. The test takes ten seconds to complete. When the system test is initiated, a
test pattern of traffic symbols is displayed on the Traffic Page. If the system test passes,
the aural announcement “TAS System Test Passed” is heard, otherwise the system
announces “TAS System Test Failed.” When the system test is complete, the traffic
system enters Standby Mode.
Flight
Instruments
NOTE: Traffic surveillance is not available during the system test. Use caution when performing a system test during flight.
System
Overview
SYSTEM TEST
Flight
Planning
OPERATION
AFCS
Annun/Alerts
Switching from operating mode to standby mode:
1) From the Traffic Page, press the MENU Key.
2) Touch Standby.
Additional
Features
After power-up, the GTS 800 is in Standby Mode. The GTS 800 must be in Operating
Mode for traffic to be displayed and for TAs to be issued.
Touching Operate on the Traffic Page Options Menu, allows the traffic unit to
switch from Standby Mode to Operating Mode as necessary. Touching Standby,
forces the unit into Standby Mode.
Hazard
Avoidance
NOTE: The GTS 800 automatically transitions from Standby to Operate
mode eight seconds after takeoff. The unit also automatically transitions
from Operate to Standby mode 24 seconds after landing.
Appendix
Switching from standby mode to operating mode:
1) From the Traffic Page, press the MENU Key.
2) Touch Operate.
Index
190-02472-00 Rev. A
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
195
Hazard Avoidance
FLIGHT ID DISPLAY
The Flight IDs of other aircraft (when available) can be enabled for display on
the Traffic Page. When a flight ID is received, it will appear above or below the
corresponding traffic symbol on the Traffic Page when this option is enabled.
Enabling/disabling Flight ID Display:
1) From the Traffic (Trf) Page, press the MENU Key.
2) Touch Flight ID to toggle the Flight ID on and off.
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
Changing the altitude range:
1) From the Traffic Page, press the MENU Key.
2) Touch Alt Mode.
3) Touch one of the following:
• Above: Displays non-threat and proximity traffic from 9000 feet
above the aircraft to 2700 feet below the aircraft. Typically used during
climb phase of flight.
• Normal: Displays non-threat and proximity traffic from 2700 feet
above the aircraft to 2700 feet below the aircraft. Typically used during
enroute phase of flight.
• Below: Displays non-threat and proximity traffic from 2700 feet
above the aircraft to 9000 feet below the aircraft. Typically used during
descent phase of flight.
• Unrestricted: All traffic is displayed from 9900 feet above and 9900
feet below the aircraft.
The Traffic Page shows surrounding TAS traffic data in relation to the aircraft’s current
position and altitude, without basemap clutter. It is the primary page for viewing traffic
information. Aircraft orientation is always heading up unless there is no valid heading.
Map range is adjustable by touching + and -, as indicated by the map range rings.
The traffic mode and altitude display mode are annunciated in the upper left corner
of the page.
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
TRAFFIC PAGE
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Hazard Avoidance
System
Overview
Traffic
Non-Threat
Advisory,
Traffic,
700’ above 500’ above
Flight
Instruments
EIS
Traffic Display
Range Rings
CNS
Interface
GPS
Navigation
Flight
Planning
Hazard
Avoidance
Traffic Page (GTS 800)
197
Index
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
Appendix
190-02472-00 Rev. A
Annun/Alerts
ADS-B (Automatic Dependent Surveillance-Broadcast) is a surveillance technology
deployed across the United States as the cornerstone of the FAA’s Next Generation Air
Transportation System (NextGen). ADS-B enables improved surveillance services, both
air-to-air and air-to-ground, especially in areas where radar is ineffective due to terrain
or where it is impractical or cost prohibitive. Initial applications of air-to-air ADS-B are
for “advisory” use only, enhancing a pilot’s visual acquisition of other nearby ADS-B
equipped aircraft either when airborne or on the airport surface.
AFCS
The ADS-B receiver is a receive-only data link radio with on-board GPS, 978 MHz
(Universal Access Transceiver frequency band), and 1090 MHz Extended Squitter (1090 ES)
receivers. It is designed to receive, process, and output traffic (ADS-B air-to-air, and TIS-B
traffic information), and weather (Flight Information Service-Broadcast (FIS-B)) information
to the G3X Touch system through an RS-232 serial connection or Bluetooth connection.
Additional
Features
DATA LINK TRAFFIC (OPTIONAL)
System
Overview
Hazard Avoidance
1090 ES
UAT
RADAR
Composite
EIS
Flight
Instruments
GPS
1090 ES
18,000 FT
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
10,000 FT
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
RADAR
Mode A/C
ATC
UAT
UAT
UAT
1090 ES
ADS-B
Ground
Station
ADS-B System
For the purpose of distinguishing between levels of ADS-B service, there are three
classifications of aircraft or system capability; ADS-B In, ADS-B Out, and ADS-B
participating. ADS-B In refers to the capability to receive ADS-B information. ADS-B
Out refers to the capability to transmit ADS-B information. ADS-B participating refers
to the capability to both send and receive ADS-B information. Aircraft lacking either
ADS-In, ADS-B Out, or both ADS-B capabilities may also be referred to as ADS-B nonparticipating aircraft.
Currently, rule-compliant ADS-B Out capability in the United States requires a
TSO’ed SBAS-enabled GPS, such as a Garmin GPS 400W or similar, and one of two
possible data links: 1090 ES transponder or a 978 MHz UAT. Either data link system
is capable of transmitting the aircraft’s position, velocity, identification, and other
information every second to compatible aircraft and ground stations called Ground
Based Transceivers (GBTs).
Because 1090 ES transponders and UATs operate on different frequencies, aircraft
not similarly equipped cannot transmit/receive data link information directly to/from
each other. Instead, operation within range of a GBT is required to receive data link
information on both frequencies. The ADS-B receiver is unique in its ADS-B In capability
since it can receive data link information from both 1090 ES transponders and UATs.
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Hazard Avoidance
GPS
Navigation
Flight
Planning
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
AFCS
Annun/Alerts
Appendix
WARNING: Do not rely solely upon the display of traffic information for collision avoidance maneuvering. The traffic display does not provide collision
avoidance resolution advisories and does not, under any circumstances or
conditions, relieve the pilot’s responsibility to see and avoid other aircraft.
CNS
Interface
Since the ADS-B receiver is a receive-only device, even when used onboard an aircraft
equipped with a qualifying GPS and 1090 ES transponder, a GBT may not identify it as
an ADS-B participating aircraft. The squitter of some 1090 ES transponders must be
configured to communicate that the aircraft has 978 MHz receive capability in order to
be identified as an ADS-B participating aircraft.
EIS
TIS-B traffic information includes non-participating aircraft detected by ATC
surveillance radar. As TIS-B data is derived from ATC surveillance radar data, TIS-B
traffic position updates typically occur every three to thirteen seconds. Therefore,
TIS-B traffic may be displayed with degraded positional accuracy. Aircraft
without operating transponders are invisible to TIS-B. Aircraft operating
outside of the ATC radar coverage area are also not displayed.
Flight
Instruments
FIS-B service is provided continuously, but ADS-R including TIS-B will only be
broadcast by a GBT when an ADS-B participating aircraft is within the GBT’s defined
service volume. In this case, a GBT will only rebroadcast TIS-B information relative
to the ADS-B participating aircraft. Only traffic that is within 15 nm lateral
and 3,500’ vertical of the ADS-B participating aircraft is provided in the
broadcast. Non-participating traffic aircraft located farther than 15 nm laterally and
3,500’ vertically from the participating aircraft is are excluded from the information
transmitted by the GBT.
System
Overview
Thus, the ADS-B receiver receives traffic information directly from any ADS-B Out
aircraft within range as well as the rebroadcast of ADS-B information from any nearby
GBT. This rebroadcast is called Automatic Dependent Surveillance-Rebroadcast
(ADS-R) and is automatically triggered by the detection of an ADS-B participating
aircraft within the service volume of the GBT. As a 978 MHz (UAT frequency) receiver,
the ADS-B receiver can receive both the Traffic Information Service-Broadcast (TIS-B)
and Flight Information Service-Broadcast (FIS-B) provided in conjunction with ADS-R
services when in range of a GBT.
Index
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Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
199
System
Overview
Hazard Avoidance
Flight
Instruments
WARNING: Do not rely solely upon the display of traffic information to
accurately depict all of the traffic within range of the aircraft. Due to lack
of equipment, poor signal reception, and/or inaccurate information from
aircraft or ground stations, traffic may be present that is not represented on
the display.
SYSTEM STATUS
The traffic system status is annunciated in the upper right corner of the Map Page
as well as the lower left corner of the dedicated Traffic Page.
Traffic Icon
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
EIS
Viewing the ADS-B Receiver Traffic and Weather Status:
1) Press the MENU Key twice.
2) Touch Data Link.
System Status
Full traffic services available for an ADS-B participating aircraft (ground
linked TIS-B, FIS-B and ADS-R, and Air-to-Air ADS-B). If you are using
the ADS-B receiver on a non-participating aircraft you may still see
this when you are within the service area of any participating aircraft.
As a non-participating aircraft you are only receiving TIS-B traffic
information for traffic within 15 nm and 3,500’ of a participating
aircraft.
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Limited traffic services available (may be limited to Air-to-Air ADS-B)
Appendix
No Traffic Data Available
Index
Traffic Modes
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Hazard Avoidance
TRAFFIC DESCRIPTION
EIS
Description
Flight
Instruments
Symbol
System
Overview
ADS-B traffic operation is similar to the TAS systems discussed previously, but ADS-B adds
additional symbology. The symbols used to display ADS-B traffic are shown in the table below. The
traffic identifier and altitude are displayed below the traffic symbol. A small up or down arrow next
to the traffic symbol indicates that the traffic is climbing or descending at a rate of at least 500 feet
per minute.The vector line that extends from the traffic symbol is an indication of the intruder aircraft
track. For directional traffic symbols, the arrow head points in the direction of aircraft’s ground track.
Non-threat, non-directional airborne traffic
Appendix
Index
201
Annun/Alerts
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
AFCS
190-02472-00 Rev. A
Additional
Features
ADS-B Traffic Symbology
Hazard
Avoidance
*Ground traffic is only displayed on the Map Page when the aircraft is on the ground or below 1,500 feet
AGL. Ground traffic is always displayed on the dedicated traffic page.
Flight
Planning
Non-directional off-scale airborne Traffic Advisory (TA). Displayed at outer
range ring at proper bearing.
Directional airborne Traffic Advisory (TA) with absolute vector. Points in the
direction of the aircraft track.
Directional off-scale airborne Traffic Advisory (TA). Points in the direction of
the aircraft track.
*Ground traffic without directional information. Ground traffic is only
displayed when own aircraft is below 1,500 feet AGL or on the ground.
*Directional surface traffic. Ground traffic is only displayed when own
aircraft is below 1,500 feet AGL or on the ground.
*Non-directional non-aircraft ground traffic. Ground traffic is only
displayed when own aircraft is below 1,500 feet AGL or on the ground.
*Directional non-aircraft ground traffic. Ground traffic is only displayed
when own aircraft is below 1,500 feet AGL or on the ground.
GPS
Navigation
Non-directional airborne Traffic Advisory (TA)
CNS
Interface
Non-threat directional airborne Traffic with absolute vector. Points in the
direction of the aircraft track.
Non-directional airborne Proximity Advisory (PA). Proximity Advisories are
issued for any traffic within 6 nautical miles and +/- 1,200’.
Directional airborne Proximity Advisory (PA) with absolute vector. Points in
the direction of the aircraft track. Proximity Advisories are issued for any
traffic within 6 nautical miles and +/- 1,200’.
Traffic Advisories (TA)
The GDL Device automatically adjusts its Traffic Advisory (TA) sensitivity level to
reduce the likelihood of nuisance TA alerts during various phases of flight. TAs are
issued for traffic when they are predicted to be within a specified volume of airspace
around your aircraft in a specified amount of time. The protected volume and time
interval varies based on the current geodetic altitude and groundspeed. Thus, the
protected volume of airspace increases with altitude and ground speed. Refer to the
following table for details.
Altitude
(Geodetic)
Below 5,000
5,000-10,000
10,000-20,000
20,000-42,000
Above 42,000
Look Ahead
Time (sec.)
30
40
45
48
48
Vertical
Separation (ft.)
+/-850
+/-850
+/-850
+/-850
+/-1,200
Horizontal
Separation (nm.)
.35
.55
.80
1.10
1.10
Traffic Advisories
The following Traffic symbols are displayed on the display when Synthetic Vision is
installed and enabled. See the Additional Features Section for more information about
Synthetic Vision.
ADS-B Symbol on the PFD
(Synthetic Vision Only)
AFCS
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
Hazard Avoidance
Description
Annun/Alerts
Proximity Advisory (PA)
Appendix
Traffic Advisory (TA)
Index
Non-threat traffic
PFD ADS-B Symbology (Synthetic Vision Only)
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Hazard Avoidance
GPS
Navigation
Flight
Planning
Enabling/disabling the traffic alerts:
NOTE: Traffic alerts are reset to ‘enabled’ on the next power cycle.
From the Traffic Page, press the MENU Key.
2)
Touch Alerts to toggle between Enabled and Inhibited.
Hazard
Avoidance
1)
Annun/Alerts
DISPLAYING TRAFFIC DATA
203
Index
Traffic information is also displayed on the PFD when Synthetic Vision is enabled.
See the ‘Additional Features’ Section for more information.
Appendix
Traffic is displayed by default on the Map Page and in the Traffic Warning Window.
Traffic Symbol and Traffic Label (i.e., relative altitude, altitude trend and absolute
motion vectors) settings selects the maximum range at which traffic labels or symbols
are shown. Traffic Labels can also be turned off.
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
AFCS
The Traffic Warning Window is shown, when the ADS-B receiver issues a traffic
advisory (TA). The Traffic Warning Window shows a small pop-up map in the lower left
corner. The Range Rings on the pop-up alert are spaced every whole mile/kilometer/
nautical mile.
Additional
Features
Traffic Warning Window
190-02472-00 Rev. A
CNS
Interface
• “Traffic”—TIS-B/ADS-B traffic alert received.
• “Traffic Not Available”—TIS-B/ADS-B service is not available or out of range.
EIS
If the number of Traffic Advisories on the traffic display decreases and then increases,
a new voice alert is sounded. The traffic voice alert is also generated whenever TIS-B
service becomes available. The traffic voice alerts are as follows:
Flight
Instruments
A traffic voice alert is generated whenever the number of Traffic Advisories on the
G3X Touch display increases. Limiting Traffic Advisories only reduces the “nuisance”
alerting due to proximate aircraft. For example, when the first Traffic Advisories appear
on the display, the user is alerted audibly. So long as a single aircraft remains on the
display, no further voice alert is generated. If a second (or more) aircraft appears on
the screen, a new voice alert is sounded. Traffic Advisories can only be issued when the
GDL knows its own altitude and the altitude of the intruder aircraft.
System
Overview
TRAFFIC ALERTS (ADS-B TIS-B)
Hazard Avoidance
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
Enabling/disabling traffic data on the Map Page:
1) From the Map Page, press the MENU Key.
2) Touch Traffic.
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
EIS
Customizing traffic data on the Map Page:
1) From the Map Page, press the MENU Key.
2) Touch Set Up Map.
3) Touch and swipe the tabs to find the Traffic Tab.
4) Touch the Traffic Tab.
5) Touch the Traffic Data
to view a list of options.
6) Touch On or Off.
7) Touch the Traffic Symbol
to view a list of options.
8) Touch Auto or a range option.
9) Touch the Traffic Label
to view a list of options.
10) Touch Off, Auto, or a range.
11) Touch the Traffic Identifier
to view a list of options.
12) Touch Off, Auto, or a range.
Additional
Features
Enabling/disabling traffic on the Synthetic Vision display:
1) Touch the HSI or Attitude Indicator on the PFD.
2) Touch More Options.
3) Touch Traffic to toggle traffic on and off.
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Displaying Traffic information:
Touch the traffic on the map to display range and altitude separation
information.
Appendix
Traffic Range
and Altitude
Separation
Index
Traffic
Ground
Track
204
Traffic (Map Page)
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190-02472-00 Rev. A
Hazard Avoidance
EIS
Displaying/removing the Traffic Page:
1) From the Traffic Page, press the MENU Key.
2) Touch the Traffic Page
.
3) Touch Show or Hide.
Flight
Instruments
NOTE: Traffic alerts and altitude filters can only be changed on the dedicated
Traffic Page (Trf). If the Traffic Page (Trf) is configured off, voice alerts are
enabled and the altitude filter is automatically set to ‘Normal’
System
Overview
Dedicated Traffic Page (Trf)
CNS
Interface
GPS
Navigation
Changing the altitude range:
1) From the Traffic Page, press the MENU Key.
2) Touch Alt Mode.
3) Touch one of the following:
• Above: Displays non-threat and proximity traffic from 9,000 feet
above the aircraft to 2,700 feet below the aircraft. Typically used
during climb phase of flight.
• Normal: Displays non-threat and proximity traffic from 2,700 feet
above the aircraft to 2,700 feet below the aircraft. Typically used
during enroute phase of flight.
• Below: Displays non-threat and proximity traffic from 2,700 feet
above the aircraft to 9,000 feet below the aircraft. Typically used
during descent phase of flight.
• Unrestricted: All traffic is displayed.
Flight
Planning
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
AFCS
Annun/Alerts
Appendix
Index
190-02472-00 Rev. A
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205
Hazard Avoidance
System
Overview
Operating
Mode
Traffic Display
Range Rings
Flight
Instruments
Altitude
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
EIS
Directional
Traffic, 700
feet above
Traffic Page
Flight ID Display
The Flight IDs of other aircraft (when available) can be displayed on the Traffic Page.
When a Flight ID or call sign is received, it will appear below the corresponding traffic
symbol when enabled.
Relative Altitude (in
this case 500 feet
above own aircraft)
Aircraft
Identification (tail
number or Flight
ID number)
Altitude Trend (up
arrow indicates
climbing, down
arrow indicates
descending)
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
Traffic System
Status Receiving
Air-to-Air and
no TIS-B Traffic
Appendix
Traffic Absolute
Motion Vector
Index
Example ADS-B Traffic Symbol
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Hazard Avoidance
From the Traffic Page, press the MENU Key.
2)
Touch the Flight ID.
Flight
Instruments
1)
System
Overview
Enabling/disabling Flight ID Display:
Motion Vectors
GPS
Navigation
Flight
Planning
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
TargetTrend Look-ahead
30 seconds
60 seconds
2 minutes
5 minutes
CNS
Interface
AFCS
Traffic Page Range Ring Settings
.5nm to 2nm
2nm to 6nm
6nm to 12nm
12nm to 40nm
EIS
There are two pilot-selectable and mutually exclusive types of motion vectors, Absolute
and TargetTrend, which are differentiated by color and function. Absolute vectors are
white and indicate ground track as reported by the traffic. TargetTrend vectors are green
and indicate the flight path and position, relative to your aircraft, at which the traffic
will be after the passing of one of four predetermined look-ahead intervals. The end of
the TargetTrend vector indicates the traffic’s predicted location relative to your predicted
location at the end of the look-ahead time. For example, if traffic is ahead of you and
traveling along the same track but at a slower rate, the motion vector would point
opposite of its indicated direction of flight showing that you are overtaking the traffic.
The TargetTrend look-ahead time interval is automatically adjusted from 30 seconds to
five minutes and corresponds to the traffic display range setting. The greater the range
setting, the longer the time interval and vise versa. Refer to the table below for more
details.
Appendix
Motion vector selection is made from the Traffic Page Menu by enabling/disabling
TargetTrend. Absolute vectors are selected by default and are replaced when TargetTrend
is enabled.
Annun/Alerts
TargetTrend Look-ahead
Index
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207
Hazard Avoidance
TargetTrend On Map
In addition to the Traffic Page, the Map Page can show TargetTrend vectors of nearby
traffic. These indications are overlaid on top of regular topographic maps and VFR/IFR
charts, showing how nearby traffic relates to surrounding waypoints, airspaces and
ground features.
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
Enabling/disabling TargetTrend:
1) From the Traffic Page, press the MENU Key.
2) Touch the TargetTrend.
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
Traffic Direction
with Relative
Altitude and
Altitude Trend
TargetTrend
Motion Vector
TargetTrend
Motion Vector
Traffic Direction
and Relative
Altitude
TargetTrend Overlaid on Moving Map
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Additional
Features
Enabling/disabling TargetTrend Overlay:
1) With the Map Page displayed, press the MENU Key.
2) Touch Set Up Map.
3) Under the ‘Traffic’ Tab, touch and drag to scroll to the TargetTrend field.
4) Touch On or Off.
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Additional Features
System
Overview
SECTION 8 ADDITIONAL FEATURES
EIS
Additional features of the system include the following:
Flight
Instruments
NOTE: With the availability of SafeTaxi, FliteCharts, and ChartView in electronic form, it is still advisable to carry another source of charts on board the
aircraft.
• Synthetic Vision (SVX)
CNS
Interface
• SafeTaxi®
• ChartView and FliteCharts® electronic charts
GPS
Navigation
• Airport Directory Data (AOPA , AC-U-KWIK, etc.)
• SiriusXM Radio entertainment (Optional)
• Electronic Checklists (Optional)
Flight
Planning
• Flight Data Logging
Optional checklists help to quickly find the proper procedure on the ground or
during flight.
Appendix
The optional SiriusXM Radio entertainment audio feature offers more than 170
channels of music, news, and sports.
Annun/Alerts
The Airport Directory contains airport statistics such as pattern altitudes, noise
abatement information, FBO phone numbers, hours of operation, local attractions,
ground transportation, lodging, and services.
AFCS
ChartView and FlightCharts provide on-board electronic terminal procedure charts.
Electronic charts offer the convenience of rapid access to essential information. Either
ChartView or FliteCharts may be used at one time, but not both.
Additional
Features
SafeTaxi diagrams provide detailed taxiway, runway, and ramp information.
Hazard
Avoidance
Synthetic Vision provides a three-dimensional forward view of terrain features on the
PFD. Synthetic Vision imagery shows the pilot’s view of relevant features in relation
to the aircraft attitude, as well as the flight path pertaining to the active flight plan.
Index
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209
System
Overview
The Flight Data Logging feature automatically stores critical flight and engine data
on an SD data card. A 2 GB SD card can store over 1,000 hours of flight data or up to
1,000 files (whichever comes first).
Flight
Instruments
Additional Features
8.1 SYNTHETIC VISION (SVX)
Synthetic Vision is a visual enhancement to the G3X Touch. Synthetic Vision depicts
a forward-looking attitude display of the topography immediately in front of the
aircraft. Synthetic Vision information is shown on the Primary Flight Display (PFD). The
depicted imagery is derived from the aircraft attitude, heading, GPS three-dimensional
position, and databases of terrain, obstacles, and other relevant features. Loss of any
of the required data, including temporary loss of the GPS signal, will cause Synthetic
Vision to be disabled until the required data is restored.
The Synthetic Vision terrain display shows land contours (colors are consistent
with those of the topographical map display), large water features, towers, and other
obstacles over 200’ AGL that are included in the obstacle database. Cultural features
on the ground such as roads, highways, railroad tracks, cities, and state boundaries
are not displayed even if those features are found on the Navigation Map. The terrain
display also includes a north-south east-west grid with lines oriented with true north.
Terrain is integrated within Synthetic Vision to provide visual and auditory alerts to
indicate the presence of terrain and obstacle threats relevant to the projected flight
path. Terrain alerts are displayed in red and yellow shading on the PFD.
The terrain display is intended for situational awareness only. It may not provide the
accuracy or fidelity on which to base decisions and plan maneuvers to avoid terrain
or obstacles. Navigation must not be predicated solely upon the use of the terrain or
obstacle data displayed by Synthetic Vision.
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
EIS
WARNING: Use appropriate primary systems for navigation, and for terrain,
obstacle, and traffic avoidance. Synthetic Vision is intended as an aid to situational awareness only and may not provide either the accuracy or reliability
upon which to solely base decisions and/or plan maneuvers to avoid terrain,
obstacles, or traffic.
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Additional Features
• Terrain Alerting
• Traffic Display
• Obstacle Alerting
• Airport Signs
• Zero-Pitch Line
Flight
Instruments
• Flight Path Marker
System
Overview
The following Synthetic Vision enhancements appear on the PFD:
• Pathways
• Runway Display
EIS
CNS
Interface
Pathways
Airport
Runway
Flight
Planning
Flight
Path
Marker
GPS
Navigation
Zero Pitch
Line (ZPL)
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
AFCS
Annun/Alerts
Synthetic Vision
Appendix
Index
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211
SYNTHETIC VISION OPERATION
Synthetic Vision is activated from the PFD Setup Page.
Activating and deactivating synthetic vision:
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
Additional Features
2)
Touch More Options.
3)
Touch and drag to scroll down.
4)
Touch Synthetic Vision to toggle on and off.
CNS
Interface
PATHWAYS
GPS
Navigation
NOTE: Pathways and terrain features are not a substitute for standard course
and altitude deviation information provided by the CDI, VSI, and VDI.
NOTE: Pathways boxes may not be displayed for holding patterns, procedure
turns and certain portions of the flight plan being received from an external
GPS navigator.
Flight
Planning
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
AFCS
Annun/Alerts
Touch the Attitude Indicator or HSI to display the PFD Options.
Pathways provide a three-dimensional perspective view of the selected route of
flight shown as colored rectangular boxes representing the horizontal and vertical
flight path of the active flight plan. The box size represents 700 feet wide by 200 feet
tall during enroute, oceanic, and terminal flight phases. During an approach, the box
width is 700 feet or one half full scale deviation on the HSI, whichever is less. Other
than the descending portion of an ILS or WAAS GPS approach (starting from the leg
leading into the FAF), pathways boxes are shown at the level of the altitude bug.
The color of the rectangular boxes may be magenta, green, or white depending
on the route of flight and navigation source selected. The active GPS or GPS overlay
flight plan leg is represented by magenta boxes that correspond to the Magenta CDI.
A localizer course is represented by green boxes that correspond to a green CDI. An
inactive leg of an active flight plan is represented by white boxes corresponding to a
white line drawn on the Navigation Map indicating an inactive leg.
Index
Appendix
1)
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Additional Features
System
Overview
Flight
Instruments
Pathways provide supplemental glidepath information on an active ILS, LPV, LNAV/
VNAV, and some LNAV approaches. Pathways are intended as an aid to situational
awareness and should not be used independent of the CDI, VDI, glide path indicator,
and glide slope indicator. They are removed from the display when the selected
navigation information is not available. Pathways are not displayed beyond the active
leg when leg sequencing is suspended and are not displayed on any portion of the
flight plan leg that would lead to intercepting a leg in the wrong direction.
EIS
CNS
Interface
Activating and deactivating pathways:
1) Touch the Attitude Indicator or HSI to display the PFD Options.
2) Touch More Options....
3) Touch and drag to scroll down.
4) Touch Pathways to toggle on and off.
GPS
Navigation
Departure and Enroute
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
AFCS
Annun/Alerts
Pathways are displayed along the flight plan route at the selected altitude for the
leg. Climb profiles cannot be displayed due to the variables associated with aircraft
performance. Flight plan legs requiring a climb are indicated by pathways displayed at
a level above the aircraft at the altitude selected.
Flight
Planning
Prior to intercepting an active flight plan leg, pathways are displayed as a series of
boxes with pointers at each corner that point in the direction of the active waypoint.
Pathways are not displayed for the first leg of the flight plan if that segment is a
Heading-to-Altitude leg. The first segment displaying pathways is the first active GPS
leg or active leg with a GPS overlay. If this leg of the flight plan route is outside the
SVX field of view, pathways will not be visible until the aircraft has turned toward
this leg. While approaching the center of the active leg and prescribed altitude, the
number of pathway boxes decreases to a minimum of four.
Appendix
Index
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213
Additional Features
System
Overview
Descent and Approach
When an approach providing vertical guidance is activated, Pathways are shown
level at the selected altitude. Pathways are shown level at the selected altitude up to
the point along the final approach course where the altitude intercepts the extended
vertical descent path or glideslope. From the vertical path descent or glideslope
intercept point, the pathways are shown inbound to the Missed Approach Point (MAP)
along the published lateral and vertical descent path.
During an ILS approach, the initial approach segment is displayed in magenta at
the segment altitudes if GPS is selected as the navigation source on the CDI. When
switching to the localizer inbound with LOC selected as the navigation source on the
CDI, pathways are displayed in green along the localizer and glideslope.
If GPS is the selected navigation source on the HSI, the pathways boxes are magenta.
If LOC is the selected navigation source on the HSI, the pathways boxes are green for
the ILS. Pathways boxes are not displayed for segments such as heading legs or VOR
radials.
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
EIS
Flight
Instruments
NOTE: During the final segment of an ILS or WAAS GPS approach, the pathways boxes automatically adjust to correspond with the localizer/glideslope
(ILS) or horizontal/vertical (GPS) deviation signals received from the external
navigator.
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Additional Features
System
Overview
Selected Altitude
set for Enroute
Selected Altitude
set for Departure
Flight
Instruments
Climbs NOT
displayed
by pathway
Non-approach descents NOT displayed by pathway
EIS
Selected Altitude
for Step Down
Descending final
approach segment
displayed by pathway
CNS
Interface
GPS
Navigation
Flight
Planning
Pathways - Enroute, Descent, and Approach
Additional
Features
Pathways are displayed at the selected altitude upon activating the missed approach
on the external GPS navigator.
Hazard
Avoidance
Missed Approach
AFCS
Annun/Alerts
Appendix
Index
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215
FLIGHT PATH MARKER
The Flight Path Marker (FPM), also known as a Velocity Vector, is displayed on the PFD at
groundspeeds above 30 knots. The FPM depicts the approximate projected path of the aircraft
accounting for wind speed and direction relative to the three-dimensional terrain display.
The FPM is always available when the Synthetic Vision feature is in operation. The FPM
represents the direction of the flight path as it relates to the terrain and obstacles on the
display, while the airplane symbol represents the aircraft heading and attitude.
The FPM may be used to identify a possible conflict with the aircraft flight path and distant
terrain or obstacles. Displayed terrain or obstacles in the aircraft’s flight path extending above
the FPM could indicate a potential conflict, even before a terrain alert is issued. However,
decisions regarding terrain and/or obstacle avoidance should not be made using only the FPM.
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
Additional Features
ZERO PITCH LINE
The Zero Pitch Line is drawn completely across the display and represents the
aircraft attitude with respect to the horizon. It may not align with the terrain horizon,
particularly when the terrain is mountainous or when the aircraft is flown at high
altitudes.
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
Activating and deactivating the flight path marker:
1) Touch the Attitude Indicator or HSI to display the PFD Options.
2) Touch More Options.
3) Touch and drag to scroll down.
4) Touch Flt. Path Marker to toggle the flight path marker on and off.
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Additional Features
CNS
Interface
GPS
Navigation
Flight
Planning
Enabling/disabling traffic on the Synthetic Vision display:
1) Touch the Attitude Indicator or HSI to display the PFD Options.
2) Touch More Options.
3) Touch and drag to scroll down.
4) Touch Traffic to toggle synthetic vision traffic on and off.
EIS
Traffic symbols are displayed in their approximate locations. Traffic symbols are
displayed in three dimensions, appearing larger as they are getting closer, and smaller
when they are further away. Traffic within 250 feet laterally of the aircraft will not be
displayed on the Synthetic Vision display. Traffic symbols and coloring are consistent
with that used for traffic displayed on the Inset Map or Map Page. If the traffic altitude
is unknown, the traffic will not be displayed on the Synthetic Vision display. For
more details refer to the Traffic Information Service (TIS-A) discussion in the Hazard
Avoidance section. Arrows are depicted on the traffic message if traffic is outside the
Synthetic Vision field of view.
Flight
Instruments
WARNING: Intruder aircraft at or below 500 ft. AGL may not appear on the
Synthetic Vision display or may appear as a partial symbol.
System
Overview
TRAFFIC
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
Traffic
AFCS
Annun/Alerts
Appendix
Synthetic Vision Traffic
Index
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217
AIRPORT SIGNS
Airport Signs provide a visual representation of airport location and identification on
the synthetic vision display. Airport Signs appear on the display when the aircraft is
approximately 15 nm from and airport and disappear at approximately 4.5 nm. Airport
signs are shown without the identifier until the aircraft is approximately eight nautical
miles from the airport.
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
Additional Features
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
Airport
Sign with
Identifier
(Between
4.5 nm
and
8 nm)
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Airport Signs
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Additional Features
CNS
Interface
GPS
Navigation
Flight
Planning
Runway data provides improved awareness of runway location with respect to the
surrounding terrain. All runway thresholds are depicted at their respective elevations
as defined in the database. In some situations, where threshold elevations differ
significantly, crossing runways may appear to be layered. As runways are displayed,
those within 45 degrees of the aircraft heading are outlined in white. Other runways
(those NOT aligned with the aircraft heading) are outlined in gray When an approach
for a specific runway is active, that runway appears brighter and is outlined with a
white box, regardless of the runway orientation as related to aircraft heading. As
the aircraft gets closer to the runway, more detail such as runway numbers and
centerlines are displayed.
EIS
NOTE: Not all airports have runways with endpoint data in the database,
therefore, these runways are not displayed.
Flight
Instruments
WARNING: Do not use Synthetic Vision runway depictions as the sole means
for determining the proximity of the aircraft to the runway or for maintaining
the proper approach path angle during landing.
System
Overview
RUNWAYS
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
Other
Runway on
Airport
AFCS
Runway
Selected for
Approach
Annun/Alerts
Airport Runways
Appendix
Index
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219
SYNTHETIC VISION TERRAIN AND OBSTACLE DATA
Terrain alerting on the synthetic vision display corresponds to the red and yellow X
symbols on the Inset Map (GDU 460 only) and Navigation Map. For more detailed
information regarding Synthetic Vision Terrain and Obstacle Data, refer to the Hazard
Avoidance Section.
In some instances, a terrain or obstacle alert may be issued with no conflict shading
displayed on the synthetic vision. In these cases, the conflict is outside the Synthetic
Vision field of view and the alert will have arrows indicating the direction of the alert.
CNS
Interface
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
Additional Features
GPS
Navigation
Terrain
Annunciation
Flight
Planning
Terrain
Warning
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
PFD Terrain Alert
AFCS
Potential
Impact
Points
Pop-up Alert
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
MFD Terrain Alerts
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Additional Features
Flight
Instruments
EIS
CNS
Interface
Arrows indicate the
obstacle is outside the
Synthetic Vision field
of view.
Obstacle Outside the Synthetic Vision Field of View
System
Overview
Obstacles are represented on the synthetic vision display by standard twodimensional tower symbols found on the Inset Map (GDU 460 Only) and Navigation
Map. Obstacle symbols appear in the perspective view with relative height above
terrain and distance from the aircraft. Unlike the Inset Map and Navigation Map
display, obstacles on the synthetic vision display do not change colors to warn of
potential conflict with the aircraft’s flight path until the obstacle is associated with an
actual terrain alert. Obstacles greater than 1000 feet below the aircraft altitude are
not shown. Obstacles are shown behind the airspeed and altitude displays.
GPS
Navigation
Flight
Planning
Synthetic Vision Obstacle Alerts
Hazard
Avoidance
During unusual attitude conditions or when the terrain gradient is great enough
to completely fill the display, a brown (earth) or blue (sky) colored bar at the top or
bottom of the screen is displayed to prevent the pilot from losing sight of the horizon.
Additional
Features
Blue Band
AFCS
Annun/Alerts
Terrain
Completely
Fills Display
Appendix
Blue Sky Bar with Full Display Terrain
Index
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221
SYNTHETIC VISION FIELD OF VIEW
The PFD field of view can be represented on the MFD Navigation Map Page. Two
dashed lines forming a V‑shape in front of the aircraft symbol on the map, represent
the forward viewing area shown on the PFD.
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
Additional Features
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
Lines Depict
PFD Field
of View
Hazard
Avoidance
Synthetic Vision Field of View
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Additional
Features
Configuring field of view:
1) With Synthetic Vision enabled, from the Map Page press the MENU Key.
2) Touch Set Up Map.
3) Touch and drag the tabs to scroll.
4) Touch the Miscellaneous Tab.
5) Touch the Field of View
.
6) Touch On or Off.
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Additional Features
Flight
Instruments
EIS
CNS
Interface
GPS
Navigation
SafeTaxi is an enhanced feature that gives greater map detail when viewing airports
at close range. When viewing at ranges close enough to show the airport detail, the
map reveals taxiways with identifying letters/numbers, runway incursion “Hot Spots”,
and airport landmarks including ramps, buildings, control towers, and other prominent
features. Resolution is greater at lower map ranges. The SafeTaxi feature can be seen
on the Map Page and the Waypoint Page
Designated Hot Spots are recognized at airports with many intersecting taxiways
and runways, and/or complex ramp areas. Airport Hot Spots are outlined to caution
pilots of areas on an airport surface where positional awareness confusion or runway
incursions happen most often. Hot Spots are defined by magenta outlines.
During ground operations the aircraft’s position is displayed in reference to taxiways,
runways, and airport features. When panning over the airport, features such as runway
holding lines and taxiways are shown at the cursor.
System
Overview
8.2 SAFETAXI®
Flight
Planning
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
Annun/Alerts
SafeTaxi Depiction on the Map Page
Index
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
Appendix
Enabling/disabling SafeTaxi:
1) From the Map Page press the MENU Key.
2) Touch Set Up Map.
3) Touch and drag the tabs to scroll.
4) Touch the Airport Tab.
5) Touch and drag to scroll down
190-02472-00 Rev. A
AFCS
Taxiway Identification
Airport Hot
Spot Outline
223
Touch the SafeTaxi
7)
Touch On or Off.
.
The SafeTaxi database is provided by Garmin. Refer to Appendix C for instructions
on updating the SafeTaxi database.
8.3 CHARTVIEW
WARNING: Do not use the approach information provided by the VFR navigation database residing within the G3X Touch as a means of navigating any
instrument approach. The G3X Touch VFR navigation database is limited to
present only the waypoints for the final approach leg of a published procedure.
These waypoints and associated course line are made available for monitoring
purposes only.
GPS
Navigation
Flight
Planning
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
AFCS
Annun/Alerts
Appendix
Index
6)
SAFETAXI CYCLE NUMBER AND REVISION
CNS
Interface
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
Additional Features
ChartView resembles the paper version of Jeppesen terminal procedure charts. The
MFD depiction displays the aircraft position on the moving map in the plan view of the
approach charts and on airport diagrams.
ChartView database is revised every 14 days. Charts are still viewable during a
period that extends from the cycle expiration date to the disables date. ChartView is
disabled 70 days after the expiration date and is no longer available for viewing. When
turning on the system, the Power-up Page displays the current status of the ChartView
database.
The ChartView database subscription is available from Jeppesen, Inc. Available data
includes:
• Arrivals (STAR)
• Airport Diagrams
• Departure Procedures (DP)
• NOTAMs
• Approaches
The geo-referenced aircraft position is indicated by an aircraft symbol displayed on
the chart when the current position is within the boundaries of the chart. Inset boxes
are not considered within the chart boundaries. Therefore, when the aircraft symbol
reaches a chart boundary line, or inset box, the aircraft symbol is removed from the
display.
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Additional Features
System
Overview
Flight
Instruments
The figure below, shows examples of off-scale areas, indicated by the grey shading.
Note, the grey shading is for illustrative purposes only and will not appear on the
published chart or display. These off-scale areas appear on the chart to convey
supplemental information. However, the depicted geographical position of this
information, as it relates to the chart planview, is not the actual geographic position.
Therefore, when the aircraft symbol appears within one of these areas, the aircraft
position indicated is relative to the chart planview, not to the off-scale area.
EIS
CNS
Interface
GPS
Navigation
Off-Scale
Area
Flight
Planning
Off-Scale
Areas
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
Sample Chart Indicating Off-Scale Areas
AFCS
Annun/Alerts
Displaying ChartView:
1) From the Waypoint Page, touch the Charts Tab.
2) If necessary, touch the Waypoint Identifier Field at the top of the page.
3) Enter the desired airport using the keypad or the Find option.
4) Touch
to display a list of charts.
5) Touch the desired chart from the list.
Appendix
Index
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Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
225
When a terminal procedure chart is not available for the requested airport or there is
an error rendering the data, the banner “Chart Not Available” appears on the screen.
The “Chart Not Available” banner does not refer to the ChartView subscription, but
rather the availability of a particular airport chart selection or procedure for a selected
airport.
Chart Not Available Banner
AIRCRAFT SYMBOL
The aircraft symbol is shown in magenta on the chart when the chart is to scale and
the aircraft position is within the boundaries of the chart.
CHART RANGE
Changing the chart range:
From the Waypoint Page with the Charts Tab selected, touch - or + to
change the range.
CHART EXPAND BUTTON
The Chart Expand Button in the lower left hand corner of the chart (Waypoint Page
> Charts Tab) quickly expands the chart.
AFCS
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
Additional Features
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
Expanding the chart:
From the Waypoint Page with the Charts Tab selected, touch the Chart
Expand Button. Touch the Chart Expand Button again to resume normal
viewing.
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Additional Features
System
Overview
Flight
Instruments
EIS
CNS
Interface
GPS
Navigation
Touch
Expand
Chart
Chart Expand Button
Flight
Planning
NAVIGATION DATABASE-PUBLISHED NOTAMS
Additional
Features
AFCS
Recent NOTAMs applicable to the current ChartView cycle are included in the
ChartView database. If NOTAMs are available for the selected airport, a ‘Chart
NOTAMs’ option will be displayed at the bottom of the drop-down menu of available
charts. Select the ‘Chart NOTAMs’ option from the chart menu to display the applicable
NOTAM information.
Hazard
Avoidance
NOTE: Only NOTAMs for the selected airport is shown (when available).
There may be other NOTAMs available pertaining to the flight that may not
be displayed. Contact Jeppesen for more information regarding Jeppesen
database-published NOTAMs.
Annun/Alerts
Appendix
Index
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227
8.4 FLITECHARTS®
WARNING: Do not use the approach information provided by the VFR navigation database residing within the G3X Touch as a means of navigating any
instrument approach. The G3X Touch VFR navigation database is limited to
present only the waypoints for the final approach leg of a published procedure.
These waypoints and associated course line are made available for monitoring
purposes only.
FliteCharts resemble the paper version of National Aeronautical Charting Office
(NACO) terminal procedures charts. The charts are displayed with high-resolution
and in color for applicable charts. FliteCharts database subscription is available from
Garmin. Available data includes:
• Arrivals (STAR)
• Airport Diagrams
• Departure Procedures (DP)
• Takeoff Minimums
• Approaches
• Alternate Minimums
The geo-referenced aircraft position is indicated by an aircraft symbol displayed on
the chart when the current position is within the boundaries of the chart. An aircraft
symbol may be displayed within an off-scale area depicted on some charts.
The figure below shows examples of off-scale areas, indicated by the grey shading.
Note, these areas are not shaded on the published chart. These off-scale areas appear
on the chart to convey supplemental information. However, the depicted geographical
position of this information, as it relates to the chart planview, is not the actual
geographic position. Therefore, when the aircraft symbol appears within one of these
areas, the aircraft position indicated is relative to the chart planview, not to the offscale area.
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
Additional Features
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Additional Features
System
Overview
Off-Scale
Area
Flight
Instruments
Off-Scale
Areas
EIS
CNS
Interface
GPS
Navigation
Flight
Planning
Hazard
Avoidance
Off-Scale
Areas
Additional
Features
Off-Scale
Area
AFCS
Annun/Alerts
Sample Chart Indicating Off-Scale Areas
Appendix
NOTE: Do not maneuver the aircraft based solely upon the geo-referenced
aircraft symbol.
Index
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Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
229
Additional Features
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
Displaying FliteCharts:
1) From the Waypoint Page, touch the Charts Tab.
2) If necessary, touch the Waypoint Identifier Field at the top of the page.
3) Enter the desired airport using the keypad or the Find option.
4) Touch
to display a list of charts.
5) Touch the desired chart from the list.
FliteCharts
When a terminal procedure chart is not available for the requested airport or there is
an error rendering the data, the banner “Chart Not Available” appears on the screen.
The “Chart Not Available” banner does not refer to the FliteCharts subscription, but
rather the availability of a particular airport chart selection or procedure for a selected
airport.
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
Touch
to view
Available
Approaches
Chart Not Available Banner
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Additional Features
EIS
CHART RANGE
Flight
Instruments
The aircraft symbol is shown in magenta on the chart only if the chart is to scale and
the aircraft position is within the boundaries of the chart. The aircraft symbol is not
displayed when the Aircraft Not Shown Icon appears. The Aircraft Not Shown Icon may
appear at certain times, even if the chart is displayed to scale.
System
Overview
AIRCRAFT SYMBOL
CNS
Interface
Changing the chart range:
From the Waypoint Page with the TERPs Tab selected, touch - or + to
change the range.
Hazard
Avoidance
8.5 AIRPORT DIRECTORY DATA
Flight
Planning
FliteCharts data is revised every 28 days. FliteCharts do not expire and will remain
viewable after the expiration date. The Power-up Page indicates any of four different
possible criteria for chart availability. These indications are whether the databases are
not configured, not available, current or out of date.
GPS
Navigation
FLITECHARTS CYCLE NUMBER AND EXPIRATION DATE
AFCS
Annun/Alerts
The AOPA Airport Directory provides data on airports and heliports throughout the
U.S. and it is updated on a 56-day cycle. Detailed information for over 5,300 U.S.
airports, along with the names and phone numbers of thousands of FBOs can be
viewed. This service allows the pilot to plan an overnight, choose fuel stops, find
ground transportation, etc.
Additional
Features
The Airport Directory contains airport statistics such as pattern altitudes, noise
abatement information, FBO phone numbers, hours of operation, local attractions,
ground transportation, lodging, and services.
Appendix
Index
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Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
231
Optional airport directory databases such as AC-U-KWIK are also supported. ACU-KWIK provides complete listings of FBOs, charter companies, fuel suppliers, ground
transportation, maintenance and catering services at public airports across the world.
If the AOPA database is in use, the AOPA Tab is displayed on the Waypoint (Wpt) Page.
If another airport directory database is in use, such as AC-U-KWIK, the DIRECTORY
Tab is displayed on the Waypoint (Wpt) Page.
Viewing Airport Directory information:
From the Waypoint (WPT) Page, touch the AOPA or DIRECTORY Tab.
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
Additional Features
CNS
Interface
Airport Identifier
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
Service Icon
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Airport Directory Information
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Additional Features
Description
System
Overview
Icon
Restaurant on Field
Flight
Instruments
Self Serve Fuel
Courtesy Car
EIS
Airport Directory Service Icons
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
Index
190-02472-00 Rev. A
Appendix
Accessing the Radio ID:
View on the Data Link Information Page from the tab of the appropriate
device (GDU, GDL).
Annun/Alerts
The service is activated by providing SiriusXM Satellite Radio with a coded ID (Radio
ID).
AFCS
ACTIVATING SIRIUSXM SATELLITE RADIO SERVICES
Additional
Features
SiriusXM Satellite Radio offers a variety of radio programming over long distances
without having to constantly search for new stations. Based on signals from satellites,
coverage far exceeds land-based transmissions. SiriusXM Satellite Radio services are
subscription-based.
Hazard
Avoidance
NOTE: Refer to the Hazard Avoidance Section for information about Weather
products.
Flight
Planning
NOTE: SiriusXM Radio is only available with the an optional SiriusXM capable
radio and a SiriusXM subscription.
GPS
Navigation
NOTE: See the G3X Touch Installation Manual for SiriusXM activation instructions.
CNS
Interface
8.6 SiriusXM RADIO ENTERTAINMENT (OPTIONAL)
233
USING SiriusXM RADIO
The SXM Page provides information and control of the audio entertainment features
of the SiriusXM Satellite Radio.
Selecting the SXM Page:
1) Touch the Page Navigation Bar.
2) Touch SiriusXM Audio.
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
Additional Features
Selected Channel
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
Categories
Additional
Features
Signal Strength
3 or 4 bars
AFCS
Volume
Annun/Alerts
SXM Page
Selecting a category:
Appendix
From the SXM Page, touch
the drop down list.
to cycle through the categories or select from
Index
Selecting a channel:
From the SXM Page, touch a Channel to select it.
Or:
Touch the Now Playing Channel Button and enter the desired channel
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Additional Features
System
Overview
number.
Flight
Instruments
Adding a channel to Favorites:
1) From the SXM Page, touch a Channel to select it.
2) Press the MENU Key.
3) Touch Add to Favorites.
Selecting Favorites:
to cycle through the categories until you see
CNS
Interface
Deleting a channel from Favorites:
1) With a Favorite Channel selected, press the MENU Key.
2) Touch Remove Favorite.
3) Touch Yes.
EIS
From the SXM Page, touch
the Favorites Category.
GPS
Navigation
Flight
Planning
VOLUME
Hazard
Avoidance
Adjusting the volume:
From the SXM Page, touch the volume, and touch the volume slider to
adjust the volume.
Or:
Additional
Features
Use the Knobs.
8.7 ELECTRONIC CHECKLISTS (OPTIONAL)
AFCS
NOTE: Checklists cannot be edited from within the system.
Appendix
NOTE: Garmin does not create, modify, or update G3X Touch checklists and
thus cannot be responsible for the availability and/or content.
Annun/Alerts
NOTE: The information described in this section is not intended to replace
the checklist information described in the AFM.
Index
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Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
235
The G3X Touch is capable of displaying checklists (if available from the aircraft
manufacturer) which allow a pilot to quickly find the proper procedure on the ground
and during each phase of flight. The G3X Touch accesses the checklist file (*.ace)
from the root directory (/*.ace) of the SD card. If a checklist file is available on the
SD card, the ‘Checklists’ Main Menu Option will appear. The Checklist Editor may be
downloaded from the Updates & Downloads page which can be accessed via the G3X
or G3X Touch webpage.
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
Additional Features
The flight data logging feature automatically stores flight and engine data to an
SD card. Data is recorded to the SD card every second. A data file is created each
time the system is powered on with an SD card inserted, or each time an SD card is
inserted after power on. A 2 GB SD card can store over 1,000 hours of flight data or
up to 1,000 files (whichever comes first). The data files stored on the SD card have
an extension of .csv. This file format can be opened using a spread sheet application.
Garmin recommends using a 8 GB SanDisk® or Toshiba® SD card.
Data Logging must be enabled in Configuration Mode.
8.9 CONNEXT COCKPIT CONNECTIVITY
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
8.8 FLIGHT DATA LOGGING
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
NOTE: Interfacing with iOS devices requires a Connext config module for
proper Bluetooth operation. Without this config module the G3X Touch/
Garmin Pilot authentication will not complete. Refer to the G3X Touch Installation Manual for more information.
Connext allows the sharing of data between devices via Bluetooth® or serial
connection. For example:
• Flight plans are wirelessly transferred from a mobile device to the G3X Touch or
external navigator (if configured).
• An iOS or Android device (with Garmin Pilot™) paired with both a G3X Touch and
another compatible device, shares GPS, attitude, traffic and weather data.
Visit www.flygarmin.com for a list of platforms that support Connext.
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Additional Features
Do not attempt to pair the displays to each other in a multiple display installation.
•
Turn off the Bluetooth transceiver for any display which is not using it.
EIS
NOTE: In general one or two iOS or Android devices running Garmin Pilot
may be connected as shown below. Due to the wide variability of these
devices, the best user experience may, in some cases, be limited to a single
mobile device connected to the system components.
Flight
Instruments
•
System
Overview
Connext Bluetooth pairing recommendations:
Connext Bluetooth Supported Configurations
CNS
Interface
G3X Touch
iOS or
Android
GPS
Navigation
One or two Android or iOS devices may
be connected to the G3X Touch
iOS or
Android
Flight
Planning
G3X Touch
iOS or Android
Hazard
Avoidance
One Android or iOS device may be connected to both a GDL and a G3X Touch.
GDL
Additional
Features
G3X Touch
AFCS
iOS* or Android
iOS or Android
GDL
Annun/Alerts
A second Android or iOS device may be
connected to either a GDL or the G3X
Touch, but not both.
G3X Touch
Appendix
iOS* or Android
iOS or Android
190-02472-00 Rev. A
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
Index
GDL
237
Additional Features
System
Overview
Pairing the G3X Touch with a Bluetooth device:
1)
Power on the Bluetooth device and ensure Bluetooth is turned on in
Settings.
2)
Refer to the iOS or Android device’s documentation for instructions on
making the device discoverable.
3)
Refer to the iOS or Android device’s documentation for instructions on
finding the device name. Take note of the device name as it is the name
you will want to select in step 8.
4)
Press the MENU Key twice.
5)
Touch Setup > Bluetooth.
6)
Touch On. The G3X Touch will begin searching for devices.
7)
When the G3X Touch has completed the search for available devices, touch
Not Paired next to the iOS or Android device to be paired.
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
EIS
Flight
Instruments
NOTE: For iOS and Android devices, the Bluetooth pairing to the G3X Touch
may be established from the iOS or Android Bluetooth settings page with
the G3X touch Bluetooth Setup Page selected and visible.
Bluetooth Setup
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Additional Features
The first time a device is paired, a Bluetooth Passkey Window may be
displayed to confirm what device you are attempting to pair with. Touch
OK to confirm the passkey. When the device is paired, Connected is
displayed next to the device.
System
Overview
8)
Flight
Instruments
EIS
CNS
Interface
AFCS
Annun/Alerts
Appendix
Index
239
Additional
Features
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
Hazard
Avoidance
190-02472-00 Rev. A
Flight
Planning
Transferring a flight plan from a Bluetooth device to the G3X
Touch:
1) If not already paired, pair the iOS or Android device to the G3X Touch.
Refer to the previous procedure. NOTE: Previously paired devices can be
set to make future connections automatic.
2) Install (if not already installed) and open the Garmin Pilot App on the iOS/
Android device.
3) If an external navigator is configured, touch FPL Source > Internal or
FPL Source > External on the Flight Plan Page of the G3X Touch.
4) Send a flight plan to the G3X Touch from the Garmin Pilot App on the
device. Refer to the Garmin Pilot Help File for more information on sending
a flight plan to a navigator.
5) Tell the G3X Touch or external navigator what to do with the transferred
flight plan:
If FPL Source > Internal is selected on the Flight Plan Page, a Flight
Plan Received notification is displayed on the G3X Touch. Touch one of
the following:
Ignore: Discard the flight plan.
Store: Save the flight plan to the Flight Plan List.
Activate: Activate the flight plan without saving it to the Flight Plan List.
GPS
Navigation
Bluetooth Passkey Window
CNS
Interface
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
Additional Features
Flight Plan Received Notification
GPS
Navigation
Or:
Flight
Planning
If FPL Source > External is selected on the Flight Plan Page, the flight
plan is automatically pushed to the external navigator. A message flashes
on the external navigator to prompt the pilot to review and accept the
flight plan. The pilot can then choose to save or activate the transferred
flight plan on the external navigator.
Hazard
Avoidance
Pairing the G3X Touch to a GDL:
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Additional
Features
NOTE: Bluetooth pairing is not necessary, and should not be performed, on
a display where the GDL is hardwired to the display.
240
1)
Power on the GDL. The GDL will automatically enter Bluetooth pairing
mode.
2)
Press the MENU Key twice.
3)
Touch Setup > Bluetooth.
4)
If Bluetooth is set to Off, touch the Bluetooth
5)
Touch On. The G3X Touch will begin searching for devices.
6)
When the G3X Touch has completed the search for available devices, touch
Not Paired next to the GDL.
7)
The first time a device is paired, a Bluetooth Passkey Screen will be
displayed to confirm what device you are attempting to pair with. Touch
OK to confirm the passkey. When the device is paired, Connected is
displayed next to the device.
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
.
190-02472-00 Rev. A
Additional Features
System
Overview
Flight
Instruments
EIS
Bluetooth Setup
8)
CNS
Interface
Press the BACK Key twice and touch Data Link to display the device
information.
GPS
Navigation
Flight
Planning
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
AFCS
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
241
Index
190-02472-00 Rev. A
Appendix
The Bluetooth Setup Menu provides several options for connecting to Bluetooth
devices. Manage Paired Devices can enable Automatic Reconnect and remove
connections on a per-device basis. Forget all devices will remove all Bluetooth
connections. Edit GDU Name is used to change the name that the G3X Touch shows
other devices while pairing. Restore Default will disable Bluetooth and remove all
Bluetooth connections.
Annun/Alerts
Data Link Information
Additional Features
8.10 ELECTRONIC STABILITY & PROTECTION (ESP-X)
WARNING: Do not assume ESP-X will provide stability protection in all
circumstances. There are in-flight situations that can exceed the capabilities
of ESP-X technology.
NOTE: Non-Garmin autopilot installations are not supported for ESP-X. ESP-X
requires the optional GFC 500 autopilot.
Electronic Stability and Protection (ESP) is an optional feature that is intended to
monitor the aircraft and provide control input feedback when necessary to discourage
operating the aircraft at potentially unsafe attitudes and/or airspeeds. If enabled,
this feature will automatically arm when the aircraft is above 500 feet AGL and the
autopilot is not engaged, and disarm when below 200 feet AGL.
When selected, ESP engages automatically when the aircraft approaches or exceeds
one or more predetermined airspeed or attitude limitations. Stability protection
for each flight axis is provided by the autopilot servos, which apply force to the
appropriate control surface(s) to discourage pilot control inputs that would cause the
aircraft to exceed the normal or "protected" flight envelope. This is perceived by the
pilot as resistance to control movement in the undesired direction when the aircraft
approaches a steep attitude, and/or the airspeed is below the minimum or above the
maximum configured airspeed.
As the aircraft deviates further from the normal attitude and/or airspeed, the
force increases proportionally (up to an established maximum) to encourage control
movement in the direction necessary to return to the normal attitude and/or airspeed
range.
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
Managing Connected Bluetooth Devices:
From the Main Menu, touch Setup > Bluetooth > Menu.
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Additional Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
AFCS
Touch the ESP button on the Automatic Flight Control System page to
enable/disable ESP.
Flight
Planning
2)
GPS
Navigation
From the PFD, touch the Autopilot Status Box. The Automatic Flight Control
System page is displayed.
CNS
Interface
1)
EIS
The pilot can interrupt ESP by pressing and holding the Autopilot Disconnect / Control
Wheel Steering (AP DISC) switch. Upon releasing the AP DISC switch, ESP force will
again be applied. ESP can also be overridden by overpowering the servo’s torque limit.
ESP is configured on the Electronic Stability Configuration page in Configuration
Mode. Refer to the Installation Manual for more information on configuring ESP.
ESP is enabled or disabled from the Automatic Flight Control System (AFCS) page or
using an externally wired ESP discrete switch.
Enabling/disabling ESP using the G3X Touch Autopilot Interface:
Flight
Instruments
NOTE: If AGL height data is unavailable (i.e., GPS altitude or terrain data is
unavailable), automatic engagement of Level mode is not supported.
System
Overview
When ESP has been engaged for more than ten seconds (cumulative; not necessarily
consecutive seconds) of a 20-second interval, the autopilot can be configured to
engage with the flight director in Level Mode, bringing the aircraft into level flight. An
aural “Engaging Autopilot” alert is played and the flight director mode annunciation
will indicate ‘LVL’ for vertical and lateral modes.
Level mode as activated by ESP is limited by altitude. ESP will not be able to activate
Level mode until the aircraft climbs above 2000 feet AGL. ESP will be locked out of
automatically activating Level mode after the aircraft descends below 1500 feet AGL
as well. Also note that Level mode as activated by ESP is different than manually
selected Level mode. Manually selected Level mode is not limited by altitude at all.
Annun/Alerts
ESP can be configured to be automatically enabled on system power-up.
Appendix
Index
190-02472-00 Rev. A
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
243
Additional Features
G3X Touch
Autopilot
Interface
Touch To
Enable/
Disable ESP
AFCS (ESP Enabled)
ROLL ENGAGEMENT
Roll Limit Indicators displayed on the roll scale are configurable between 45º and
60º right and left, indicating where ESP will engage. As roll attitude exceeds the
configured limit, ESP will engage and the Roll Limit Indicators will move to 15º less
than the configured ESP bank limit. The Roll Limit Indicator now indicates where ESP
will disengage as roll attitude decreases.
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
Autopilot Status
Box - Touch To
ESP Roll Engagement Indication Display the G3X Touch
(ESP NOT Engaged) Autopilot Interface
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Additional Features
System
Overview
Roll Limit Indicator
ESP Engage (45º)
(Configurable)
Flight
Instruments
EIS
CNS
Interface
GPS
Navigation
Flight
Planning
ESP Roll Engagement Indication (ESP Enabled but NOT Engaged)
ESP Disengage (30º)
ESP Engage (45º)(Configurable)
(15º < Configured Bank Limit)
Aircraft Roll Attitude = 35º
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
AFCS
Roll Increasing to ESP Engagement
Annun/Alerts
Appendix
Once engaged, the torque applied by ESP is at its maximum when bank angle is
15º more than the configured bank limit, and tapers to the minimum applied torque
when the bank angle is 15º less than the configured bank limit. The force increases
as roll attitude increases and decreases as roll attitude decreases. The applied force is
intended to encourage pilot input to return the airplane to a more normal roll attitude.
When beyond 15º of the configured bank limit, the maximum torque is held until the
aircraft returns inside the protected envelope.
Index
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Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
245
30
5º
º
75º
60
º
4
90º
CNS
Interface
GPS
Navigation
Flight
Planning
20º
Minimum
ESP Torque
(30º)
Configured
Bank Limit
(45º)
Maximum
ESP Torque
(60º)
90º
Hazard
Avoidance
10º
75º
ESP Roll Operating Range When Engaged
(Force Increases as Roll Increases & Decreases as Roll Decreases)
PITCH ENGAGEMENT
ESP pitch engagement is configurable between 10º and 25º nose-up and between
5º and 25º nose-down. Once engaged, the torque applied by ESP is at its maximum
when pitch is 5º more than the configured nose-up and nose-down pitch limits, and
tapers to the minimum applied torque when pitch is 5º less than the configured noseup and nose-down pitch limits. When beyond 5º of the configured pitch limit, the
maximum torque is held until the aircraft returns inside the protected envelope.
The opposing force increases or decreases depending on the pitch angle and the
direction of pitch travel. This force is intended to encourage movement in the pitch axis
in the direction of the normal pitch attitude range for the aircraft.
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Additional
Features
0º
60º
Configured
Bank Limit
(45º)
Maximum
ESP Torque
(60º)
º
30
10º
20º
º
EIS
Minimum
ESP Torque
(30º)
45
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
Additional Features
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Additional Features
System
Overview
The presence of yellow chevrons indicate that ESP is engaged in these nose-up/
nose-down conditions.
Flight
Instruments
EIS
45˚
40˚
40˚
35˚
30˚
35˚
30˚
ESP
45˚
25˚
25˚
20˚
20˚
Configured Roll Limit (20º)
15˚
15˚
10˚
10˚
Minimum
ESP Torque
(15º)
5˚
5˚
10˚
10˚
15˚
15˚
20˚
20˚
35˚
40˚
45˚
45˚
50˚
50˚
Appendix
40˚
ESP
25˚
30˚
Annun/Alerts
25˚
30˚
35˚
Minimum
ESP Torque
(-12.5º)
AFCS
5˚
0˚
Additional
Features
5˚
0˚
Hazard
Avoidance
Maximum
ESP Torque
(-22.5º)
50˚
Flight
Planning
Configured Roll Limit (-17.5º)
50˚
GPS
Navigation
Maximum
ESP Torque
(25º)
ESP Engaged (Nose-High)
CNS
Interface
ESP Engaged (Nose-Low)
190-02472-00 Rev. A
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
Index
ESP Pitch Operating Range When Engaged
(Force Increases as Pitch Increases & Decreases as Pitch Decreases)
247
AIRSPEED PROTECTION
NOTE: If AGL height data is unavailable (i.e., GPS altitude or terrain data is
unavailable), low-airspeed protection is not supported.
An airspeed below the minimum configured airspeed or above maximum
configured airspeed will result in ESP applying force to raise or lower the nose
of the aircraft. When the high or low airspeed condition is remedied, ESP
force is no longer applied. An audible "Airspeed" alert may be configured.
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
Additional Features
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AFCS
System
Overview
SECTION 9 AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL
SYSTEMS (OPTIONAL)
GPS
Navigation
NOTE: VOR, LOC, and GS modes are all GPS-aided. You must have a GPS
position to use VOR, LOC, or GS modes.
CNS
Interface
NOTE: Refer to the approved Pilot’s Operating Handbook (POH) for emergency
procedures.
EIS
NOTE: The approved Pilot’s Operating Handbook (POH) always supersedes
the information in this Pilot’s Guide.
Flight
Instruments
NOTE: This section describes capabilities and functions of the optional Garmin
GFC 500 autopilot system unless otherwise noted.
Flight
Planning
AFCS SYSTEM ARCHITECTURE
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
AFCS
Annun/Alerts
An Automatic Flight Control System (AFCS) is typically comprised of two major
components: A Flight Director (FD) and Autopilot servos. The Flight Director provides
pitch and roll commands to the autopilot servos. These pitch and rolls commands are
displayed on the PFD as Command Bars. When the Flight Director is active the pitch
and roll commands can be hand-flown by the pilot or when coupled with the flight
director, the autopilot servos drive the flight controls to follow the commands issued by
the Flight Director. The Flight Director operates independently of the autopilot servos,
but in most cases the autopilot servos can not operate independent of the Flight
Director. On G3X Touch installations that do not have a separate and independent
Flight Director, the Flight Director is always coupled to the autopilot. The autopilot and
optional yaw damper operate the flight control surface servos to provide automatic
flight control.
Appendix
Index
190-02472-00 Rev. A
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249
AFCS AND YAW DAMPER OPERATION
The optional yaw damper reduces Dutch roll tendencies, coordinates turns, and
provides a steady force to maintain directional trim. It can operate independently
of the autopilot and may be used during normal hand-flight maneuvers. Yaw rate
commands are limited to 6 deg/sec by the yaw damper.
FLIGHT CONTROL
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
AFCS
Pitch and roll commands are provided to the servos based on the active flight director
modes. Yaw commands are provided by the yaw servo. Servo motor control limits the
maximum servo speed and torque. Torque values are set at installation. This allows
the servos to be overridden in case of an emergency. Non-Garmin autopilot systems
may not allow servos to be overridden, consult the non-Garmin autopilot documents
for limitations.
Pitch Axis and Trim
The autopilot pitch axis uses pitch rate to stabilize the aircraft pitch attitude during
flight director maneuvers. Flight director pitch commands are rate and attitude-limited,
combined with pitch damper control, and sent to the pitch servo motor. The pitch servo
measures the output effort (torque) and optionally provides this signal to the pitch trim
motor. The pitch servo commands the pitch trim motor to reduce the average pitch
servo effort.
Roll Axis
The autopilot roll axis uses roll rate to stabilize aircraft roll attitude during flight
director maneuvers. The flight director roll commands are rate- and attitude-limited,
combined with roll damper control, and sent to the roll servo motor.
Yaw Axis
The optional yaw damper uses yaw rate and roll attitude to dampen the aircraft’s
natural Dutch roll response. It also uses lateral acceleration to coordinate turns and
reduce or eliminate the need for the pilot to use rudder pedal force to maintain
coordinated flight during climbs and descents.
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AFCS
Autopilot (AP) status is displayed on the far left of the G3X Touch Autopilot Status
Box. Lateral modes are displayed in the center, and vertical modes are displayed on
the right. Armed modes are displayed in white and active in green.
Flight Director
Modes
Lateral Modes
CNS
Interface
Vertical Modes
Active
Active
GPS
Navigation
Active Active
EIS
Autopilot
and
Yaw Damper
Status
Flight
Instruments
The AFCS status box displays Autopilot (AP), Optional Yaw Damper (YD), Flight
Director (FD) mode annunciations on the PFD, and Autopilot Preflight Test (PFT).
System
Overview
G3X TOUCH AFCS STATUS BOX
Armed
Autopilot Status Box
Flight
Planning
Hazard
Avoidance
Selected
Altitude
Additional
Features
AFCS
Annun/Alerts
Appendix
Index
Autopilot Display
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251
AFCS
Autopilot Preflight Test
9.1 AFCS OPERATION
When a GMC AFCS Mode Control Unit is installed AFCS functionality is distributed
across the following Line Replaceable Units (LRUs):
• GDU 4X0 Display Units
• GSU 25D ADAHRS Unit
AFCS
Annun/Alerts
Appendix
Index
• GSA 28 AFCS Pitch/Roll/Yaw
Damper/Pitch Trim servos
• GMC AFCS Mode Control Unit
The AFCS system can be divided into these main operating functions:
• Flight Director (FD) — Flight director operation takes place within the GDU
460. Flight director commands are displayed on the PFD. The flight director provides:
– Command Bars showing pitch/roll guidance
– Vertical/lateral mode selection and processing
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
Autopilot
Preflight Test
– Autopilot communication
• Autopilot (AP) — Autopilot operation occurs within the pitch, roll, and yaw
servos. It also provides servo monitoring and automatic flight control in response
to flight director steering commands, Air Data and Attitude and Heading Reference
System (ADAHRS) attitude, rate information, and airspeed.
• Yaw Damper (YD) — The yaw servo (optional), is self-monitoring and provides
Dutch roll damping and turn coordination in response to yaw rate, roll angle, lateral
acceleration, and airspeed. If installed the YD comes on when the autopilot is engaged
and stays on after disengaging the autopilot. The YD can be turned on/off independent
of the autopilot using the YD Key.
• Manual Electric Trim (MET) — Manual electric trim provides trim capability for
the pitch axis when the autopilot is not engaged.
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AFCS
Flight
Planning
AFCS
Annun/Alerts
Appendix
Index
253
Additional
Features
Before takeoff checklist - Garmin GFC 500:
1) Autopilot - ENGAGE (using AP button, or AP button on mode controller)
2) Flight controls - CHECK (verify autopilot can be overpowered in both pitch
and roll)
3) AP DISC button - PRESS (verify autopilot disengages and audio alert is
heard)
4) Verify yaw damper - OFF (if installed) (verify yaw damper disengages and
audio alert is heard)
5) Flight director - SET FOR TAKEOFF (select TO or VS mode or push FD Button
to turn off the Flight Director)
6) Flight controls - CHECK (verify autopilot servos are disengaged from pitch,
roll, and yaw controls, and all controls move freely)
7) Elevator trim control - SET FOR TAKEOFF
Hazard
Avoidance
To ensure that the Automatic Flight Control System (AFCS) is operating properly
prior to flight, perform the following Garmin recommended preflight checks.
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
GPS
Navigation
AFCS PRE-FLIGHT ACTIONS
190-02472-00 Rev. A
CNS
Interface
NOTE: When the autopilot is engaged with auto trim enabled, moving the
MET Switch will disengage the AP.
EIS
NOTE: Refer to the non-Garmin autopilot vendor documentation for standalone autopilot functionality and control features.
Flight
Instruments
NOTE: Refer to the G3X Touch Installation Manual and the non-Garmin
autopilot vendor documentation for information on installing and configuring
the G3X Touch Analog Autopilot Interface.
System
Overview
The G3X Touch can also communicate with various non-Garmin autopilot units. With
an appropriate non-Garmin autopilot installed and the G3X Touch Analog Autopilot
Interface is configured (refer to the G3X Touch Installation Manual), the G3X Touch
issues course and heading information to the autopilot unit. The autopilot unit is then
responsible for moving the flight controls. The G3X Touch system will not display flight
director, modes, or annunciations for a non-Garmin autopilot system.
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
AFCS
AFCS CONTROLS
GMC 507 AFCS CONTROLS
The GMC 507 AFCS Control Units have the following controls:
2
HDG Key
NAV Key
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
EIS
1
4
AP Key
LVL Key
5
NOSE UP/DN Wheel
6
7
IAS Key
ALT Key
8
VNV Key
9
VS Key
YD Key (if installed)
FD Key
3
11
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
10
12
Index
13
14
15
254
APR Key
HDG/TRK Knob
ALT SEL Knob
TRK Key
Selects/deselects Heading Select Mode
Selects/deselects Navigation Mode. Cancels GS
Mode if LOC Mode is either active or armed.
Cancels GP Mode if GPS Mode is either active or
armed. Cancels LOC Mode if GPS Mode is active
and LOC Mode is armed.
Engages/disengages the autopilot
Engages the autopilot (if the autopilot is
disengaged) in level vertical and lateral modes
Adjusts the vertical mode reference in Pitch Hold,
Vertical Speed, Indicated Airspeed, and Altitude
Hold modes
Selects/deselects Indicated Airspeed Mode
Selects/deselects Altitude Hold Mode
Selects/deselects Vertical Path Tracking Mode for
Vertical Navigation flight control
Selects/deselects Vertical Speed Mode
Engages/disengages the yaw damper
Activates/deactivates the flight director only
Pressing once turns on the director in the default
vertical and lateral modes. Pressing again
deactivates the flight director and removes the
Command Bars. If the autopilot is engaged, the key
is disabled.
Selects/deselects Approach Mode
Selects the desired Heading/Track
Selects the desired Altitude setting
Selects/deselects Track (TRK) Mode
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
190-02472-00 Rev. A
AFCS
12
3
4
5
6
System
Overview
13
14
Flight
Instruments
EIS
2
15
11
10
9
89
7
CNS
Interface
1
GMC 507 AFCS Control Unit
GPS
Navigation
G3X TOUCH AUTOPILOT INTERFACE
Index
Selects/deselects Vertical Speed Mode
Activates/deactivates the flight director only
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
Appendix
190-02472-00 Rev. A
Annun/Alerts
FD
Selects/deselects approach mode
AFCS
APPR
VS
Additional
Features
or
Hazard
Avoidance
Selects/deselects heading mode
NAV
Selects/deselects navigation mode. Cancels GS Mode if LOC
Mode is either active or armed. Cancels GP Mode if GPS Mode
is either active or armed. Cancels LOC Mode if GPS Mode is
active and LOC Mode is armed.
TRK
Selects/deselects track mode
AP
Engages/disengages the autopilot.
LVL
Engages the autopilot (if the autopilot is disengaged) in level
vertical and lateral modes
Nose Up / Nose Adjusts the vertical mode reference in Pitch Hold, Vertical
Down
Speed, Indicated Airspeed, and Altitude Hold modes
IAS
Selects/deselects Indicated Airspeed Mode
ALT
Selects/deselects Altitude Hold Mode
VNAV
Selects/deselects vertical navigation
HDG
Flight
Planning
See figure on following page to view on screen controls.
255
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
AFCS
G3X Touch Autopilot
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AFCS
Flight
Instruments
EIS
CNS
Interface
GPS
Navigation
Flight
Planning
AP DISC Button
Press and release the AP DISC Button to disengage the
(Autopilot Disconnect) autopilot. Pressing and releasing the button again will
acknowledge an autopilot disconnect alert and mute the
associated aural tone.
Pressing and holding the AP DISC Button will also
interrupt Manual Electric Trim.
TO/GA Button
Selects flight director Takeoff (on ground) or Go Around (in
(Takeoff/Go Around)
air) Mode
When properly configured with a GTN, if an approach
procedure is loaded, this switch also activates the missed
approach when the selected navigation source is GPS
or when the navigation source is VOR/LOC and a valid
frequency has been tuned.
MET Switch
Used to command manual electric trim for the pitch servo.
(Manual Electric Trim)
System
Overview
The following AFCS controls are located separately from the GDU and GMC 507
AFCS Control Unit:
Hazard
Avoidance
ENGAGING THE AUTOPILOT
Additional
Features
An initial press of the AP Key on the GMC control unit will activate the Flight Director
and engage the autopilot in the default PIT and ROL modes.
AFCS
Annun/Alerts
Appendix
Index
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Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
257
AFCS
NOTE: When the autopilot is engaged with auto trim enabled, moving the
MET Switch will disengage the AP.
The Autopilot is manually disengaged by pushing the autopilot disconnect button on
the pilot's flight controls or by pressing the AP Key on the GMC control unit. Manual
disengagement is indicated by a five-second flashing yellow ‘AP’ annunciation and
an aural alert. Cancel the aural alert by pressing and releasing the AP Button again .
Automatic disengagement is indicated by a flashing red ‘AP’ annunciation and
an aural alert. Touch to acknowledge or touch Back to acknowledge. Automatic
disengagement occurs due to:
• System failure
• Invalid sensor data
• Inability to compute default autopilot modes
Disengaging the autopilot when a malfunction is suspected
If an autopilot failure or trim failure is suspected to have occurred, perform the
following steps:
1)
Firmly grasp the control wheel.
2)
Press and hold the AP DISC Switch. The autopilot will disconnect and power
is removed from the trim motor. Power is also removed from all primary
servo motors and engaged solenoids. Note the visual and aural alerting
indicating autopilot disconnect.
3)
Retrim the aircraft as needed. Substantial trim adjustment may be needed.
4)
Pull the appropriate Autopilot and Trim Switch (if installed) circuit breaker(s)
to electrically isolate the servo and solenoid components.
5)
Release the AP DISC Switch.
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
DISENGAGING THE AUTOPILOT
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AFCS
EIS
CNS
Interface
Overpowering the autopilot during flight will cause the autopilot’s automatic trim to
run, resulting in an out-of-trim condition or cause the trim to hit the stop if the action
is prolonged. In this case, larger than anticipated control forces are required after the
autopilot is disengaged.
Flight
Instruments
In the context of this discussion, “overpowering” refers to any pressure or force
applied to the pitch controls when the autopilot is engaged. A small amount of
pressure or force on the pitch controls can cause the autopilot automatic trim to run to
an out-of-trim condition. Therefore, any application of pressure or force to the controls
should be avoided when the autopilot is engaged.
System
Overview
Overpowering Autopilot Servos
The following steps should be added to the preflight check:
Check for proper autopilot operation and ensure the autopilot can be
overpowered.
2)
Note the forces required to overpower the autopilot servo clutches.
GPS
Navigation
1)
Flight
Planning
FLIGHT DIRECTOR OPERATION
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
The flight director function provides pitch and roll commands to the pilot and
autopilot, which are displayed on the PFD. With the flight director active, the aircraft
can be hand-flown to follow the path shown by the Command Bars. The Flight Director
has the following maximum commands: pitch (-15°, +20°) and roll (30°) angles.
AFCS
Annun/Alerts
Appendix
Index
190-02472-00 Rev. A
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
259
ACTIVATING THE FLIGHT DIRECTOR USING THE GMC 507
An initial press of a key listed in the table below (when the flight director is not
active) activates the flight director in the listed modes. The flight director may be
turned off and the Command Bars removed from the display by pressing the FD Key
again. The FD Key is disabled when the autopilot is engaged.
Control Pressed
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
AFCS
APR Key
Approach**
CNS
Interface
FD Key
AP Key
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
TO/GA Button
AFCS
Annun/Alerts
ALT Key
VS Key
VNV Key
IAS Key
Lateral
Roll Hold (default)
Roll Hold (default)
Takeoff (on ground)Go
Around (in air)
Roll Hold (default)
Roll Hold (default)
Roll Hold (default)
Roll Hold (default)
ROL
ROL
TO
GA
ROL
ROL
ROL
ROL
GPS
VOR
LOC
NAV Key
Navigation**
GPS
VOR
LOC
BC
HDG Key
TRK Key
LVL Key
Heading Select
Track Select
Level Hold
HDG
TRK
LVL
Vertical
Pitch Hold (default)
PIT
Pitch Hold (default)
PIT
Takeoff (on ground)Go TO
Around (in air)
GA
Altitude Hold
ALT
Vertical Speed
VS
Vertical Navigation* VNAV
Indicated Airspeed
IAS
Pitch Hold (default)
PIT
Pitch Hold (default)
PIT
Pitch Hold (default)
Pitch Hold (default)
Level Hold
PIT
PIT
LVL
*Valid VNV flight plan must be entered before VNV Key press activates flight director.
**The selected navigation receiver must have a valid VOR or LOC signal or active GPS course before
NAV or APR Key press activates flight director.
Flight Director Activation (GMC 507)
Index
Appendix
Modes Selected
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AFCS
GPS
Navigation
Flight
Planning
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
The flight director is automatically disabled if the attitude information required to
compute the default flight director modes becomes invalid or unavailable.
CNS
Interface
If the information required to compute a flight director mode becomes invalid or
unavailable, the flight director automatically reverts to the default mode for that axis.
A flashing yellow mode annunciation and annunciator light indicate loss of sensor
(ADC) or navigation data (VOR, LOC, GPS, VNAV) required to compute commands.
When such a loss occurs, the system automatically begins to roll the wings level (enters
Roll Hold Mode) or maintain the pitch angle (enters Pitch Hold Mode), depending on
the affected axis. The flashing annunciation stops when the affected mode key is
pressed or another mode for the axis is selected. If after 10 seconds no action is taken,
the flashing annunciation stops.
EIS
Armed modes are annunciated in white and active in green in the AFCS Status Box.
Under normal operation, when the control for the active flight director mode is pressed,
the flight director reverts to the default mode(s) for the axis(es). Automatic transition
from armed to active mode is indicated by the white armed mode annunciation moving
to the green active mode field and flashing for 10 seconds.
Flight
Instruments
Flight director modes are normally selected independently for the pitch and roll axes.
Unless otherwise specified, all mode keys are alternate action (i.e., press on, press off).
In the absence of specific mode selection, the flight director reverts to the default pitch
and/or roll modes.
System
Overview
FLIGHT DIRECTOR MODES
Autopilot
Status
AFCS
Annun/Alerts
Autopilot Manually Disengaged
Appendix
Index
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261
AFCS
Single Cue
Upon activation of the flight director, Command Bars are displayed in magenta on
the PFD. If the aircraft is being flown by hand, the command bars are displayed hollow.
The Command Bars do not override the Aircraft Symbol. The Command Bars move
together vertically to indicate pitch commands and bank left or right to indicate roll
commands.
Hollow Single Cue Command Bars (Pilot Hand Flying Aircraft, FD Only)
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
COMMAND BARS
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
Solid Single Cue Command Bars (Autopilot Engaged)
Command Bars (Single Cue)
Dual Cue
The Dual Cue Command Bars are useful to visually separate pitch from roll when
flying the aircraft by hand.
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Additional
Features
Aircraft Symbol
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AFCS
System
Overview
Flight
Instruments
EIS
CNS
Interface
Dual Cue Command Bars
Dual Cue Command Bars
Command Bars (Dual Cue)
If the attitude information being sent to the flight director becomes invalid or
unavailable, the Command Bars are removed from the display.
GPS
Navigation
9.2 VERTICAL MODES
Flight
Planning
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
AFCS
The table lists the vertical modes with their corresponding controls and annunciations.
The mode reference is displayed next to the active mode annunciation for Altitude Hold,
Vertical Speed, and Indicated Airspeed modes. The NOSE UP/DN Wheel (GMC control
unit) or the on-screen VS MODE can be used to change the vertical mode reference
while operating under Pitch Hold, Vertical Speed, Indicated Airspeed, or Altitude Hold
modes. Increments of change of values for each of these references using the NOSE
UP/DN Wheel, are also listed in the table.
Annun/Alerts
Appendix
Index
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Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
263
Vertical
Mode
Pitch Hold
(default)
PIT
Selected
Altitude
Capture
Captures the Selected Altitude
*
ALTS
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
10 ft
Altitude
Hold
Holds the current Altitude
Vertical
Speed
Maintains the current aircraft
vertical speed; may be used to
climb/descend to the Selected
Altitude
Indicated
Airspeed
(IAS)
Maintains the current aircraft
airspeed in IAS while the
aircraft is climbing/descending
to the Selected Altitude
IAS Key
Vertical
Captures and tracks descent
Navigation legs of an active vertical profile
VNAV
G3X
Touch/
GMC 507
VNAV
**
ALTV
AFCS
Annun/Alerts
ALT Key
(GMC
507) or
ALT G3X
Touch
VS Key
(GMC
507)
or
VS G3X
Touch
VNV Target Captures the Vertical
Altitude
Navigation (VNV) Target
Capture
Altitude
0.5°
ALT nnnnn ft
VS
nnnn fpm
100 fpm
IAS
nnn kt
1 kt
Index
Appendix
Description
Reference
Control Annunciation Change
Increment
Holds the current aircraft
pitch attitude; may be used to
climb/descend to the Selected
Altitude
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
AFCS
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AFCS
Description
Glideslope
Captures and tracks the ILS
glideslope on approach
TO
GPS
Navigation
TO/GA
Button
Additional
Features
Flight Director Vertical Modes
PITCH HOLD MODE (PIT)
Appendix
Index
265
Annun/Alerts
In Pitch Hold Mode, the flight director maintains a constant pitch attitude. The pitch
reference is set to the aircraft pitch attitude at the moment of mode selection. If the
aircraft pitch attitude exceeds the flight director pitch command limitations, the flight
director commands a pitch angle equal to the nose-up/down limit.
AFCS
When the flight director is activated (FD touched) or when the Autopilot is activated,
Pitch Hold Mode is selected by default. Pitch Hold Mode is indicated as the active
vertical mode by the green ‘PIT’ annunciation. This mode may be used for climb or
descent to the Selected Altitude (shown above the Altimeter), since Selected Altitude
Capture Mode is automatically armed when Pitch Hold Mode is activated.
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
Hazard
Avoidance
** ALTV armed automatically under VNAV when VNV Target Altitude is to be captured instead of
Selected Altitude
Flight
Planning
GA
* ALTS armed automatically when PIT, VS, IAS, or GA active, and under VNAV when Selected Altitude
is to be captured instead of VNV Target Altitude
190-02472-00 Rev. A
CNS
Interface
Commands a constant pitch
angle and wings level on
Takeoff
ground in preparation for
takeoff
Commands a constant pitch
Go Around
angle and wings level in the air
EIS
Captures and tracks the SBAS
glidepath on approach
Flight
Instruments
Glidepath
Reference
Control Annunciation Change
Increment
APR Key
GP
(GMC
507)
or
GS
APPR
G3X
Touch
System
Overview
Vertical
Mode
AFCS
System
Overview
CHANGING THE PITCH REFERENCE:
Flight
Instruments
When operating in Pitch Hold Mode, the pitch reference can be adjusted by
using the NOSE UP/DN Wheel (GMC control unit) or by touching Nose Up
or Nose Down on the G3X Touch.
Selected Altitude
Capture Mode
Armed
EIS
Pitch Hold
Mode Active
Pitch Hold & Selected Altitude Capture Modes
SELECTED ALTITUDE CAPTURE MODE (ALTS)
Selected Altitude Capture Mode is automatically armed with activation of the
following modes:
• Pitch Hold
• Vertical Speed
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
Selected
Altitude
• Indicated Airspeed
• Vertical Path Tracking (if the
Selected Altitude is to be
captured instead of the VNV
Target Altitude)
Index
Appendix
• TO/GA (GMC control unit)
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AFCS
Flight
Instruments
EIS
CNS
Interface
As the aircraft nears the Selected Altitude, the flight director automatically transitions
to Selected Altitude Capture Mode with Altitude Hold Mode armed. This automatic
transition is indicated by the green ‘ALTS’ annunciation flashing for up to 10 seconds
and the appearance of the white ‘ALTS’ annunciation. The Selected Altitude is shown
as the Altitude Reference beside the ‘ALTS’ annunciation.
System
Overview
The white ‘ALTS’ annunciation indicates Selected Altitude Capture Mode is armed.
Touch the autopilot on the PFD and touch ALT. Use the large knob associated with
the PFD and adjust the Selected Altitude until the Selected Altitude Capture Mode
becomes active.
GPS
Navigation
Automatic transition to ALTS
Mode with ALT Mode armed
Flight
Planning
Hazard
Avoidance
At 50 feet from the Selected Altitude, the flight director automatically transitions
from Selected Altitude Capture to Altitude Hold Mode and holds the reference altitude.
As Altitude Hold Mode becomes active, the white ‘ALTS’ annunciation moves to the
active vertical mode field and flashes green for 10 seconds to indicate the automatic
transition.
Additional
Features
Automatic transition to ALTS
Mode with ALT Mode armed
AFCS
Annun/Alerts
Appendix
Setting the selected altitude (Integrated Autopilot Interface):
Touch the autopilot, and use the Altitude knob on the PFD to select the
desired Selected Altitude.
Or:
Touch the Selected Altitude on the PFD, and use the keypad to enter the
desired Selected Altitude.
Index
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267
AFCS
Changing the Selected Altitude while Selected Altitude Capture Mode is
active causes the autopilot to revert to Pitch Hold Mode with Selected Altitude
Capture Mode armed for the new Selected Altitude.
ALTITUDE HOLD MODE (ALT)
Altitude Hold Mode can be activated by touching ALT or ALT Key (GMC
control unit); the AFCS maintains the current aircraft altitude (to the nearest
10 feet) as the Altitude Reference. The Altitude Reference, shown in the G3X
Touch Autopilot Status Box, is independent of the Selected Altitude, displayed
above the Altimeter. Altitude Hold Mode active is indicated by a green ‘ALT’
annunciation in the G3X Touch Autopilot Status Box.
Altitude Hold Mode is automatically armed when in Selected Altitude
Capture Mode. Selected Altitude Capture Mode automatically transitions to
Altitude Hold Mode when within 50 feet of the Selected Altitude. In this case,
the Selected Altitude becomes the Altitude Reference.
CHANGING THE ALTITUDE REFERENCE
When operating in Altitude Hold Mode, the Altitude Reference can be
adjusted in the following ways:
• The Altitude Reference can be adjusted up or down in 10-foot
increments by Higher Alt or Lower Alt or rolling the NOSE UP/DN
Wheel (GMC control unit). Using this method, up to 200 feet of
altitude change can be commanded. To change the Altitude Reference
by more the 200 feet, climb/descend using another vertical mode (PIT,
VS) to capture the desired Selected Altitude.
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
Setting the selected altitude (GMC 507):
Press the AP key, and use the ALT SEL Knob.
Or:
Touch the Selected Altitude on the PFD, and use the keypad to enter the
desired Selected Altitude.
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AFCS
System
Overview
Altitude
Reference
Flight
Instruments
Altitude Hold
Mode Active
Altitude Hold Mode
EIS
VERTICAL SPEED MODE (VS)
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
The Vertical Speed Reference may be adjusted in the following ways:
Annun/Alerts
is displayed in the G3X Touch Autopilot Status Box for 10 seconds after a
change is made and as a reference bug on the Vertical Speed Indicator.
AFCS
• Use the NOSE UP/DN Wheel (GMC control unit) or touch the autopilot,
touch VS, and touch Nose Up or Nose Down to adjust the Vertical Speed
Reference in increments of 100 fpm. The current Vertical Speed Reference
Appendix
Vertical Speed
Mode Active
Flight
Planning
CHANGING THE VERTICAL SPEED REFERENCE
GPS
Navigation
When Vertical Speed Mode is activated by pressing the VS Key (GMC control unit)
or touching VS, ‘VS’ is annunciated in green in the Autopilot Status Box along with
the Vertical Speed Reference. The Vertical Speed Reference is also displayed above the
Vertical Speed Indicator. A Vertical Speed Reference Bug corresponding to the Vertical
Speed Reference is shown on the indicator.
CNS
Interface
In Vertical Speed Mode, the flight director acquires and maintains a Vertical Speed
Reference. Current aircraft vertical speed (to the nearest 100 fpm) becomes the Vertical
Speed Reference at the moment of Vertical Speed Mode activation. This mode may be
used for climb or descent to the Selected Altitude (shown above the Altimeter) since
Selected Altitude Capture Mode is automatically armed when Vertical Speed Mode is
selected.
Vertical Speed
Reference
Index
Vertical Speed Mode
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269
INDICATED AIRSPEED MODE (IAS)
Indicated Airspeed Mode is selected by touching IAS on the PFD and selecting either
Faster or Slower, or by pressing the IAS button on the GMC control unit and adjusting
the Nose UP/DN Wheel. This mode acquires and maintains the Airspeed Reference
(IAS) while climbing or descending. When Indicated Airspeed Mode is active, the flight
director continuously monitors Selected Altitude, airspeed and altitude.
The Airspeed Reference is set to the current airspeed upon mode activation.
Indicated Airspeed Mode is indicated by a green ‘IAS’ annunciation beside the Airspeed
Reference in the Autopilot Status Box. The Airspeed Reference is also displayed as a
light blue bug corresponding to the Airspeed Reference along the airspeed tape.
Engine power must be adjusted to allow the autopilot to fly the aircraft at a pitch
attitude corresponding to the desired flight profile (climb or descent) while maintaining
the Airspeed Reference.
NOTE: If IAS Mode is selected while aircraft is stopped on ground, airspeed
is set to Vy.
CHANGING THE AIRSPEED REFERENCE
The Airspeed Reference (shown in both the Autopilot Status Box and above the
Airspeed Indicator) may be adjusted by using the NOSE UP/DN Wheel or by touching
Nose Up or Nose Down in the AFCS Window.
IAS Speed
Mode Active
AFCS
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
AFCS
Annun/Alerts
Indicated Airspeed Mode
VERTICAL NAVIGATION MODE (VNAV)
NOTE: If another vertical mode is touched while VNAV Mode is selected,
VNAV Mode reverts to armed.
Index
Appendix
Airspeed
Reference
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AFCS
Flight
Instruments
Vertical Navigation
Mode Active
System
Overview
Vertical Navigation (VNAV) Mode is available for enroute/terminal cruise and
descent operations any time that VNAV flight planning is available. Refer to Section
2.3 (Vertical Navigation) for more information.
Vertical Navigation
Target Altitude Capture
Mode Armed
EIS
Vertical Navigation Mode
CNS
Interface
Activating Vertical Navigation Mode:

When approaching the VNAV Target Altitude (or Selected Altitude) the system
automatically transitions to ALTS or ALTV Mode with ALT Mode armed.
Additional
Features
When a descent leg is captured (i.e., vertical deviation becomes valid), VNAV Mode
is activated and tracks the descent profile. An altitude capture mode (ALTS or ALTV)
is armed as appropriate.
Hazard
Avoidance

Flight
Planning
When a flight plan is active, VNAV data is valid, and the VNAV Key is selected on
the GMC 507 or G3X Touch, VNAV mode is armed in preparation for descent path
capture. ‘VNAV’ is annunciated in white in the G3X Touch Autopilot Status Box. If
applicable, the appropriate altitude capture mode is armed for capture of the VNAV
Target Altitude (ALTV) or the Selected Altitude (ALTS), whichever is greater.
GPS
Navigation

AFCS



Annun/Alerts
Appendix
Index
190-02472-00 Rev. A
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
271
If the altimeter’s barometric setting is adjusted while VNAV mode is active, the
autopilot increases/decreases the descent rate by up to 500 fpm to re-establish the
aircraft on the descent path (without commanding a climb). For large changes, it may
take several minutes for the aircraft to reestablish on the descent path. If the change
is made while nearing the VNAV waypoint, the aircraft may not reestablish on the
descent path in time to level off at the VNAV Target Altitude. In this case, the autopilot
will revert to Pitch Hold mode upon passing the VNAV waypoint, and Selected Altitude
Capture (ALTV) mode will be automatically armed.
AUTOMATIC REVERSION TO PITCH HOLD MODE
Several situations can occur while VNAV Mode is active which cause the
AFCS to revert to Pitch Hold Mode:
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
AFCS
• Vertical deviation exceeds 200 feet during an overspeed condition.
• Vertical deviation becomes invalid (the Deviation Indicator is removed
from the PFD).
Following a reversion to Pitch Hold Mode, VNAV Mode and the appropriate
altitude capture mode become armed to allow for possible profile recapture.
VNAV TARGET ALTITUDE CAPTURE MODE (ALTV)
VNAV Target Altitude Capture is analogous to Selected Altitude Capture
Mode and is armed automatically after the VNV Key (GMC 305) or VNAV
(GMC 307/507) is selected if the VNAV Target Altitude is to be intercepted
before the Selected Altitude. The annunciation ‘ALTV’ indicates that the VNAV
Target Altitude is to be captured. Refer to Section 2.3 (Vertical Navigation) for
more information on setting up the VNAV target altitude.
As the aircraft nears the VNAV Target Altitude, AFCS automatically transitions
to VNAV Target Altitude Capture Mode with Altitude Hold Mode armed. This
automatic transition is indicated by the green ‘ALTV’ annunciation flashing for
up to 10 seconds and the appearance of the white ‘ALT’ annunciation.
At 50 feet from the VNAV Target Altitude, the AFCS automatically transitions from
VNAV Target Altitude Capture to Altitude Hold Mode and selects the VNAV target
altitude as the new Autopilot Altitude Reference. As Altitude Hold Mode becomes
active, the white ‘ALT’ annunciation moves to the active vertical mode field and flashes
green for 10 seconds to indicate the automatic transition.
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AFCS
Flight
Instruments
Automatic Transition
from ALTV to ALT Mode
System
Overview
Automatic Transition to ALTV
Mode with ALT Mode Armed
Altitude
Reference
EIS
Automatic Mode Transitions During Altitude Capture
Appendix
Index
273
Annun/Alerts
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
AFCS
190-02472-00 Rev. A
Additional
Features
WARNING: When flying an LNAV approach (with vertical descent angle)
with the autopilot coupled, the aircraft will not level off at the MDA even if
the MDA is set in the altitude preselect.
Hazard
Avoidance
NOTE: Some RNAV (GPS) approaches provide a vertical descent angle as an
aid in flying a stabilized approach. These approaches are NOT considered
Approaches with Vertical Guidance (APV). Approaches that are annunciated
on the HSI as LNAV or LNAV+V are considered Nonprecision Approaches (NPA)
and are flown to an MDA even though vertical glidepath (GP) information
may be provided.
Flight
Planning
Selecting Glidepath Mode:
1) EXTERNAL NAVIGATOR: Ensure a GPS approach with vertical guidance
(LPV, LNAV/VNAV, LNAV +V) is loaded into the active flight plan. The active
waypoint must be part of the flight plan (cannot be a direct-to a waypoint
not in the flight plan).
2) Ensure that GPS is the selected navigation source.
3) Press the APR Key (GMC control unit) or touch the autopilot, then touch
APPR (only available when an external GPS navigation source (i.e., GTN or
GNS Series) is configured).
GPS
Navigation
Glidepath Mode is used to track a WAAS or other satellite-based augmentation
system SBAS generated glidepath. When Glidepath Mode is armed, ‘GP’ is annunciated
in white in the Autopilot Status Box.
CNS
Interface
GLIDEPATH MODE (GP) (WITH EXTERNAL WAAS ENABLED
IFR NAVIGATOR ONLY)
Upon reaching the glidepath, the flight director transitions to Glidepath Mode and
begins to capture and track the glidepath.
Once the following conditions have been met, the glidepath can be captured:
• The active waypoint is at or after the final approach fix (FAF).
• Vertical deviation is valid.
• The CDI is at less than full-scale deviation.
• Automatic sequencing of waypoints has not been suspended (no ‘SUSP’
annunciation on the HSI).
Glidepath
Mode Active
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
AFCS
GLIDESLOPE MODE (GS)
NOTE: Glideslope Mode requires a valid GPS position.
Glideslope Mode is available for LOC/ILS approaches to capture and track the
glideslope. When Glideslope Mode is armed (annunciated as ‘GS’ in white), LOC
Approach Mode is armed as the lateral flight director mode.
Selecting Glideslope Mode:
1) EXTERNAL NAVIGATOR: Tune and activate the desired localizer frequency.
2) EXTERNAL NAVIGATOR: Ensure that LOC is the selected navigation source.
3) Press the APR Key (GMC control unit) or touch the autopilot and touch
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
Glidepath Mode
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AFCS
System
Overview
APPR. This simultaneously selects LOC and GS (Glideslope) Modes.
Or:
1)
EXTERNAL NAVIGATOR: Tune and activate the desired localizer frequency.
2)
EXTERNAL NAVIGATOR: Load the approach (LOC, ILS, LDA, SDF, etc.) into
the flight plan.
Flight
Instruments
3)
Press the APR Key (GMC control unit) or touch the autopilot and touch
APPR. This simultaneously selects LOC and GS (Glideslope) Modes.
EIS
GPS
Navigation
Glideslope Mode Armed
275
Index
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
Appendix
The following table lists the lateral modes and respective control(s) and annunciation.
Refer to the vertical modes section for information regarding Takeoff and Go Around
Modes.
Annun/Alerts
9.3 LATERAL MODES
AFCS
Pressing the TO/GA Button while in the air activates the flight director in a wingslevel, pitch-up attitude, allowing the execution of a missed approach or a go around.
Additional
Features
Takeoff Mode provides an attitude reference during rotation and takeoff. This mode
can be selected only while on the ground by pushing the TO/GA Button. The flight
director Command Bars assume a wings-level, pitch-up attitude.
Hazard
Avoidance
Go Around and Takeoff modes are coupled pitch and roll modes and are annunciated
as both the vertical and lateral modes when active. In these modes, the flight director
commands a constant set pitch attitude and keeps the wings level. The GA Switch
is used to activate both modes. The mode entered by the flight director depends on
whether the aircraft is on the ground or in the air.
Flight
Planning
GO AROUND (GA) AND TAKEOFF (TO) MODES
190-02472-00 Rev. A
CNS
Interface
Once LOC is the navigation source, the localizer and glideslope can be captured.
Upon reaching the glideslope, the flight director transitions to Glideslope Mode and
begins to capture and track the glideslope.
Lateral Mode
Roll Hold
Description
Holds the current aircraft roll
attitude or rolls the wings level,
depending on the commanded
bank angle
Heading Select
Captures and tracks the Selected
Heading
Track
Captures and tracks the Selected
Ground Track
Navigation,
GPS
Navigation,
VOR Enroute
Capture/Track
Navigation,
LOC Capture/
Track
(No
Glideslope)
Navigation,
Backcourse
Capture/Track
Control
Annunciation
(default)
ROL
HDG Key
(GMC
507)
or
HDG
TRK Key
(GMC 507)
or
TRK
HDG
TRK
GPS
Captures and tracks the selected
navigation source (GPS, VOR, LOC)
NAV Key
(GMC
507)
or
NAV
Captures and tracks a localizer
signal for backcourse approaches
VOR
LOC
BC
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
AFCS
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AFCS
Annunciation
GPS
APR Key
(GMC
507)
or
APPR
VAPP
Flight
Instruments
Control
System
Overview
LOC
EIS
CNS
Interface
TO/GA
Button
TO
GPS
Navigation
Lateral Mode
Description
Approach, GPS
Approach and
Capture/Track
Approach, LOC Captures and tracks the selected
Capture/Track navigation source (GPS and LOC)
(Glideslope
Mode
automatically
armed)
Commands a constant pitch angle
Takeoff
and wings level on ground in
preparation for takeoff
Commands a constant pitch angle
Go Around
and wings level in the air
GA
Flight
Planning
The AFCS limits turn rate to 3 degrees per second (standard rate turn).
Flight Director Lateral Modes
Hazard
Avoidance
ROLL HOLD MODE (ROL)
AFCS
When the flight director is activated or switched, Roll Hold Mode is selected by
default. This mode is annunciated as ‘ROL’ in the Autopilot Status Box. The current
aircraft bank angle is held, subject to the bank angle condition.
Additional
Features
NOTE: If Roll Hold Mode is activated as a result of a mode reversion, the
flight director rolls the wings level.
Annun/Alerts
Roll Hold Mode Annunciation
Appendix
Index
190-02472-00 Rev. A
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
277
AFCS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
Bank Angle
< 6°
6 to 20°
>20°
Flight Director Response
Rolls wings level
Maintains current aircraft roll attitude
Limits bank to 20°
Changing the Roll Reference
When operating in Roll Hold Mode, the roll reference can be adjusted in the following
ways:
• To decrease the roll reference, turn the inner knob associated with
the PFD right. The AFCS slowly decreases the bank angle. The current
bank angle is held (if the bank angle exceeds 6°). If the bank angle is
less than 6°, the AFCS will roll the aircraft wings level.
AFCS
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
EIS
Roll Hold Mode Responses
HEADING SELECT MODE (HDG)
Heading Select Mode is activated by touching the autopilot, then touching HDG or
the HDG Key (GMC control unit). Heading Select Mode acquires and maintains the
Selected Heading. The Selected Heading is shown by a light blue bug on the HSI and
in the box to the upper left of the HSI.
Changing the Selected Heading
Changing the selected heading (Integrated Autopilot Interface):
1) Touch the Selected Heading on the PFD.
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
2)
Enter the selected heading using the keypad and touch Enter.
Changing the selected heading (GMC 507):
1) Turn the HDG Knob to select the desired heading.
2) Press the HDG Key on the GMC control unit to activate HDG Mode.
Turns are commanded in the same direction as Selected Heading Bug
movement, even if the Bug is turned more than 180˚ from the present heading
(e.g., a 270˚ turn to the right). However, Selected Heading changes of more
than 330˚ at a time result in turn reversals.
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AFCS
System
Overview
Flight
Instruments
Heading Mode Annunciation
TRACK SELECT MODE (TRK)
CNS
Interface
GPS
Navigation
Changing the selected track:
1) Use the HDG/TRK Knob to select the desired ground track.
Or:
Touch the Selected Track on the PFD, Enter the selected track using the
keypad and touch Enter.
2) Select TRK to activate TRK Mode.
EIS
The Track Select Mode is activated by touching the autopilot, then touching TRK
on the PFD or pressing the TRK Key . Track Mode acquires and maintains the
Selected Ground Track.
Flight
Planning
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
Track Mode Annunciation
NAVIGATION MODES (GPS, VOR, LOC, BC)
AFCS
NOTE: When making a VOR or LOC approach, a valid GPS position is required.
190-02472-00 Rev. A
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
279
Index
NOTE: When making a backcourse approach, set the Selected Course to the
localizer front course.
Appendix
NOTE: When intercepting a flight plan leg, the flight director gives commands to capture the active leg at approximately a 45° angle to the track
between the waypoints defining the active leg. The flight director does not
give commands fly to the starting waypoint of the active leg.
Annun/Alerts
NOTE: The selected navigation receiver must have a valid VOR or LOC signal
or active GPS course for the flight director to enter Navigation Mode.
Pressing the NAV Key or touching NAV on the G3X Touch selects Navigation Mode.
Navigation Mode acquires and tracks the selected navigation source (GPS, VOR, LOC).
The flight director follows GPS roll steering commands when GPS is the selected
navigation source. When the navigation source is VOR or LOC, the flight director
creates roll steering commands from the Selected Course and deviation. Navigation
Mode can also be used to fly non-precision GPS and LOC approaches where vertical
guidance is not required.
Backcourse Navigation Mode is selected when the localizer front course is greater
than 105° from the aircraft heading. Backcourse Navigation Mode captures and tracks
a localizer signal in the backcourse direction. The annunciation ‘BC’ in the Autopilot
Status Box indicates Backcourse Navigation Mode.
If the Course Deviation Indicator (CDI) shows greater than one dot when the NAV
Key is pressed or NAV is touched, the selected mode is armed. If the CDI is less than
one dot, Navigation Mode is automatically captured when the NAV Key is pressed or
NAV is touched. The armed annunciation appears in white to the left of the active
roll mode.
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
AFCS
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Additional
Features
Navigation Mode Annunciation
When the CDI has automatically switched from GPS to LOC during a LOC/ILS
approach, GPS Navigation Mode remains active, providing GPS steering guidance until
the localizer signal is captured. LOC Navigation Mode is armed when the automatic
navigation source switch takes place. If the APR Key is pressed or NAV is touched
prior to the automatic navigation source switch, LOC Navigation Mode is armed.
If Navigation Mode is active and either of the following occur, the flight director
reverts to Roll Hold Mode (wings rolled level):
• Different VOR tuned while in VOR Navigation Mode (VOR Navigation Mode reverts
to armed)
• Navigation source manually switched
• During a LOC/ILS approach, the FAF is crossed while in GPS Navigation Mode
after the automatic navigation source switch from GPS to LOC
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AFCS
Additional
Features
• GPS reception is lost
281
Index
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
Appendix
Enabling/disabling OBS Mode (without external GPS navigator):
1) While navigating a flight plan or Direct-to, touch CRS on the PFD.
2) Touch Yes on the 'Set OBS and hold?' window.
3) Enter the desired course to/from the waypoint using the keypad and touch
Enter.
Annun/Alerts
OBS MODE
AFCS
If VOR Navigation Mode is active and the VOR signal is lost, the autopilot
reverts to Roll Hold Mode (wings rolled level) and reverts VOR Mode to armed
in the event the VOR signal is reestablished.
190-02472-00 Rev. A
Hazard
Avoidance
• Active flight plan is deleted (only GPS-based modes)
Flight
Planning
• Active navigation source manually switched
GPS
Navigation
• Different VOR tuned while in VOR Navigation Mode (VOR Navigation
Mode reverts to armed)
CNS
Interface
If Navigation Mode is active and either of the following occur, the AFCS
reverts to Roll Hold Mode (wings rolled level):
EIS
Arming LOC & GS Modes while GPS Mode is still active:
1) EXTERNAL NAVIGATOR: Tune and activate the desired localizer frequency.
2) EXTERNAL NAVIGATOR: Load the approach (LOC, ILS, LDA, SDF, etc.) into
the flight plan.
3) G3X Touch: While GPS is still the selected navigation source on the
external navigator, press the APR Key (GMC control unit) or touch APPR to
arm LOC and GS (Glideslope) Modes even with GPS Mode still active. The
external navigator will switch from GPS to VLOC automatically and the G3X
Touch will capture the localizer and then the glideslope.
Flight
Instruments
In the right circumstances, LOC and GS Modes can be armed while GPS
Mode is still active and the external navigator is set to GPS (not VLOC).
System
Overview
LOC Mode is activated when the automatic navigation source switch takes
place. If the APR Key is pressed or APPR is touched prior to the automatic
navigation source switch, LOC Mode is armed.
System
Overview
AFCS
To cancel OBS Mode and return to automatic waypoint sequencing, touch
OBS on the PFD.
5)
Touch Release OBS Hold.
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Or:
1)
From the Active Flight Plan Page press the MENU Key while navigating a
flight plan or Direct-to.
2)
Touch Set OBS and Hold.
3)
Touch Sync Course or enter the desired course to/from the waypoint using
the keypad and touch Enter.
4)
To cancel OBS Mode and return to automatic waypoint sequencing, press
the MENU Key.
5)
Touch Release Hold.
AFCS
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
Enabling/disabling OBS Mode (with external GPS navigator configured):
1) Press the OBS Key on the external navigator. The ‘Set OBS and Hold’ Active
Flight Plan Page menu option is now available.
2) From the Active Flight Plan Page press the MENU Key while navigating a
flight plan or Direct-to.
3) Touch Set OBS and Hold.
4) Touch Sync Course or enter the desired course to/from the waypoint using
the keypad and touch Enter.
5) To cancel OBS Mode and return to automatic waypoint sequencing, press
the MENU Key.
6) Touch Release Hold.
VOR MODE FOR NAVIGATION
VOR Mode can be used for navigation when an external navigation receiver is
configured.
Tracking Direct-to a VOR:
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
4)
1)
EXTERNAL NAVIGATOR: Tune and activate the desired VOR frequency. If a
GTN or GNS series unit is not configured skip to Step 3.
Index
2)
282
EXTERNAL NAVIGATOR (GTN or GNS series units only): Ensure the ‘VLOC’
indication is showing in the lower-left corner. If not, press the CDI Key.
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
190-02472-00 Rev. A
AFCS
4)
G3X Touch: From the PFD, touch the course on the PFD and touch Sync
Course.
5)
G3X Touch: Touch the autopilot on the PFD, then touch NAV to activate
VOR Mode.
Flight
Instruments
G3X Touch: Ensure that VOR1 or VOR2 is the selected navigation source. It
should say ‘VOR1’ or ‘VOR2’ on the HSI and the needle should be green.
System
Overview
3)
Or:
EIS
Press the NAV Key on the GMC control unit.
Intercepting and tracking a VOR radial:
EXTERNAL NAVIGATOR: Tune and activate the desired VOR frequency. If a
GTN or GNS series unit is not configured skip to Step 3.
2)
Key.
4)
G3X Touch: From the PFD, touch the course on the PFD and touch Sync
Course.
5)
G3X Touch: From the PFD, touch the autopilot and touch NAV.
Additional
Features
G3X Touch: Ensure that VOR1 or VOR2 is the selected navigation source. It
should say ‘VOR1’ or ‘VOR2’ on the HSI and the needle should be green.
Hazard
Avoidance
3)
Flight
Planning
EXTERNAL NAVIGATOR (GTN or GNS series units only): Ensure the ‘VLOC’
indication is showing in the lower-left corner of the. If not, press the CDI
GPS
Navigation
1)
CNS
Interface
A green ‘VOR’ indication is displayed in the autopilot status bar and the flight
director tracks the selected course to the VOR.
Or:
Annun/Alerts
If there is less than half-scale deviation when NAV is touched or the NAV Key is
pressed, VOR Mode will activate (green text), intercept, and track the selected radial.
If there is more than half-scale deviation when NAV is touched, VOR Mode will arm
(white text) first, then activate when closer to the radial.
AFCS
Press the NAV Key on the GMC control unit.
Appendix
Index
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Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
283
APPROACHES WITHOUT VERTICAL GUIDANCE
NOTE: The selected navigation receiver must have a valid VOR or LOC signal
or active GPS course for the flight director to enter Approach Mode.
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
AFCS
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
EIS
NOTE: For the autopilot to enter a VLOC mode, the G3X Touch must have GPS
reception, a valid navigation database, and the external navigation receiver
must have a valid signal (VOR or LOC).
Touch NAV or press the NAV Key (GMC control unit) to arm/activate VOR, LOC/
BC, and GPS (LNAV only) lateral modes. Lateral modes acquire and track the selected
navigation source (GPS, VOR, or LOC), depending on the loaded approach. These
modes use the selected navigation receiver deviation and desired course inputs to fly
the approach. Touch NAV when the CDI is greater than one dot to arm the selected
modes (annunciated in white). Touch NAV when the CDI deviation is less than one
dot to activate, capture and track the selected navigation source (GPS, VOR, or LOC).
Example
LNAV
VOR
LOC
AFCS
BC
Lateral Mode Annunciation
Description
Approach, GPS
GPS
Captures and tracks
NAV Key VOR Approach
VOR
the selected navigation
(GMC Capture/Track
source (GPS, VOR, LOC)
LOC Capture/Track
507)
LOC
(No Glideslope)
or
Captures and tracks
NAV
Backcourse
BC
a localizer signal for
Capture/Track
backcourse approaches
Annun/Alerts
Approaches without Vertical Guidance
GPS APPROACH WITHOUT VERTICAL GUIDANCE
A GPS approach without vertical guidance (LNAV) is flown using GPS NAV Mode.
Selecting a GPS Approach without vertical guidance:
1) EXTERNAL NAVIGATOR: Ensure a GPS approach without vertical guidance
(LNAV) is loaded into the active flight plan.
Index
Appendix
Control
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AFCS
3)
G3X Touch: Ensure that GPS1 is the selected navigation source on the PFD.
4)
EXTERNAL NAVIGATOR: Select and activate the GPS approach using the
PROC Key.
5)
G3X Touch: From the PFD touch the autopilot and touch NAV to activate
GPS Mode.
Flight
Instruments
EXTERNAL NAVIGATOR: Ensure the ‘GPS’ indication is showing in the
lower-left corner. If not, press the CDI Key.
System
Overview
2)
EIS
Or:
Press the NAV Key on the GMC control unit.
CNS
Interface
6)
Adjust the aircraft’s pitch axis as required.
VOR APPROACH
GPS
Navigation
A VOR approach is flown using VOR Mode.
Selecting a VOR Approach:
EXTERNAL NAVIGATOR: Tune and activate the desired VOR frequency. If a
GTN or GNS series unit is not configured skip to Step 3.
EXTERNAL NAVIGATOR (GTN or GNS series units only): Ensure the ‘VLOC’
indication is showing in the lower-left corner of the. If not, press the CDI
Key.
4)
G3X Touch: From the PFD touch the autopilot and touch CRS. Select the
inbound approach course (radial).
5)
G3X Touch: From the PFD, touch the autopilot and touch NAV.
Press the NAV Key on the GMC control unit.
Adjust the aircraft’s pitch axis as required.
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Index
6)
Appendix
If there is less than half-scale deviation when touching NAV or when the
NAV Key is pressed, VOR Mode will activate (green text), intercept, and
track the selected radial. If there is more than half-scale deviation when
NAV is touched or when the NAV Key is pressed, VOR Mode will arm
(white text) first, then activate when closer to the radial.
Annun/Alerts
Or:
AFCS
G3X Touch: Ensure that VOR1 or VOR2 is the selected navigation source. It
should say ‘VOR1’ or ‘VOR2’ on the HSI and the needle should be green.
Additional
Features
3)
Hazard
Avoidance
2)
Flight
Planning
1)
285
LOCALIZER APPROACH (NO GS)
LOC Mode is used to fly a localizer only approach (no glideslope).
Selecting LOC Mode for a localizer only approach:
1) EXTERNAL NAVIGATOR: Tune and activate the desired LOC frequency,
2) G3X Touch: Ensure that LOC1 is the selected navigation source. The HSI
should automatically slew the needle to the correct course.
3) G3X Touch: From the PFD, touch the autopilot and touch NAV to activate
LOC Mode.
Or: Press or the NAV Key on the GMC control unit.
If the localizer deviation is less than half-scale when NAV is touched
or when the NAV Key is pressed, the autopilot will activate LOC Mode
and track the localizer, otherwise LOC Mode is armed and the pilot is
responsible for intercepting the localizer. In some cases it may be necessary
to use HDG Mode with LOC Mode armed to follow a vector to the localizer.
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
AFCS
BACKCOURSE APPROACH
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
NOTE: When making a backcourse approach, set the Selected Course to the
localizer front course.
NOTE: ‘BC’ will not be displayed on the G3X Touch HSI.
Backcourse Mode captures and tracks a localizer signal in the backcourse direction.
Backcourse is indicated by ‘BC’ in the autopilot status box.
If GS and LOC Mode are armed, the flight director can only capture the localizer
front course, indicated by ‘LOC’ in the autopilot status box. If only LOC Mode is armed
(not GS Mode), the flight director will capture either the front course or the backcourse
based on the angle at which the aircraft intercepts the localizer.
Selecting BC Mode:
1)
EXTERNAL NAVIGATOR: Tune and activate the desired LOC frequency.
2)
G3X Touch: Ensure that LOC1 is the selected navigation source on the.
The HSI should automatically slew the needle to the correct course.
G3X Touch: From the PFD touch the autopilot then touch NAV.
3)
Or:
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AFCS
APPROACHES WITH LATERAL + VERTICAL GUIDANCE
Vertical:
Glidepath
GP
Lateral:
Localizer
LOC
Vertical:
Glideslope
GS
AFCS
GPS
Additional
Features
LOC, ILS,
LDA, SDF
APR Key
(GMC 507)
or
APPR
Lateral:
GPS
Description
Captures and tracks the
lateral portion of a GPS
approach
Captures and tracks
a WAAS approach
glidepath
Captures and tracks the
localizer
Hazard
Avoidance
APR Key
(GMC 507)
or
APPR
Annunciation
Flight
Planning
LPV,
LNAV/
VNAV,
LNAV+V
Modes
Captures and tracks the
glideslope
Annun/Alerts
Lateral + Vertical Approaches
NOTE: To cancel Glidepath (GP) Mode without canceling GPS Mode, NAV
once. Pressing it a second time cancels GPS Mode.
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
287
Index
When Glidepath (GP) Mode is armed for a GPS approach with vertical guidance, GPS
Mode is automatically armed.
Appendix
GPS APPROACH WITH VERTICAL GUIDANCE
190-02472-00 Rev. A
GPS
Navigation
Control
CNS
Interface
Example
EIS
Touch APPR or press the APR Key (GMC control unit) to arm/activate both lateral
and vertical modes for approach. When Glidepath (GP) Mode is armed for a GPS
approach with vertical guidance, GPS Mode is automatically armed. When Glideslope
(GS) Mode is armed for an ILS approach, LOC Mode is automatically armed. Touch
APPR or press the APR Key (GMC control unit) when the CDI is greater than one dot
to arm the selected modes (annunciated in white). Touch APPR or press the APR Key
(GMC control unit) when the CDI deviation is less than one dot to activate, capture and
track the selected navigation source.
Flight
Instruments
If the aircraft heading is within 75˚ of the localizer backcourse then BC
Mode will be armed. If the aircraft heading is within 105˚ of the localizer
front course, LOC Mode will be armed.
System
Overview
Press the NAV Key on the GMC control unit.
AFCS
Press the APR Key on the GMC control unit.
LOCALIZER WITH GLIDESLOPE
LOC Mode (lateral) and GS Mode (vertical) are both armed by touching APPR
from the G3X Touch PFD or by pressing the APR Key on the GMC control unit. LOC/
ILS approach captures are inhibited if the difference between aircraft heading and
localizer course exceeds 105˚.
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
Selecting a GPS approach with vertical guidance:
1) EXTERNAL NAVIGATOR: Ensure a GPS approach with vertical guidance
(LPV, LNAV/VNAV, LNAV+V) is loaded into the active flight plan.
2) EXTERNAL NAVIGATOR: Ensure the ‘GPS’ indication is showing in the
lower-left corner. If not, press the CDI Key.
3) G3X Touch: Ensure that GPS1 is the selected navigation source on the PFD.
4) EXTERNAL NAVIGATOR: Select and activate the GPS approach using the
PROC Key.
5) G3X Touch: From the PFD touch the autopilot then touch APPR.
Or:
Additional
Features
NOTE: To cancel Glideslope (GS) Mode without canceling LOC Mode, touch
NAV once. Pressing it a second time cancels LOC Mode.
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Selecting LOC Mode with GS Mode:
1) EXTERNAL NAVIGATOR: Tune and activate the desired LOC frequency.
2) G3X Touch: Ensure that LOC1 is the selected navigation source. The HSI
should automatically slew the needle to the correct course.
3) G3X Touch: From the PFD touch the autopilot then touch APPR.
Or:
Press the APR Key on the GMC control unit.
Index
Appendix
This simultaneously selects LOC Mode and GS (Glideslope) Mode. If the
localizer deviation is less than half-scale when touching APPR or the APR
Key is pressed, the autopilot will activate LOC Mode and track the localizer,
otherwise LOC Mode is armed and the pilot is responsible for intercepting
the localizer.
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AFCS
EIS
COUPLED ILS APPROACH WITH PROCEDURE TURN
Flight
Instruments
If the Glideslope signal is lost , GS Mode will revert to Pitch Hold Mode and hold the
last pitch attitude.
System
Overview
If the following occurs, the autopilot reverts to Roll Hold Mode (wings rolled level):
• Approach Mode is active and the Navigation source is manually
switched
• The localizer signal is lost
Flight
Planning
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
AFCS
Setting up a coupled ILS approach:
1) EXTERNAL NAVIGATOR: Ensure the ‘GPS’ indication is showing in the
lower-left corner. If not, use the CDI Key.
2) G3X Touch: Ensure that GPS1 is the selected navigation source on the PFD.
3) EXTERNAL NAVIGATOR: Select and activate the ILS approach using the
PROC Key.
4) G3X Touch: From the PFD touch the autopilot and touch NAV to activate
GPS Mode. The flight director should start navigating to the IAF (Initial
Approach Fix).
Or:
GPS
Navigation
The combination GPS/VLOC external navigator (GTN, GNS), G3X Touch, and
autopilot can be used to fly a full ILS approach with procedure turn, from the enroute
environment to the missed approach point.
CNS
Interface
NOTE: Configuration of a combination GPS/VLOC external navigator (GTN,
GNS) is required for a coupled ILS approach.
Press the NAV Key on the GMC control unit.
6)
G3X Touch: From the PFD touch the autopilot and touch APPR to arm LOC
and GS modes. Touch ALT.
Appendix
EXTERNAL NAVIGATOR: Tune and identify the localizer frequency by
pressing the VLOC Flip-flop Key. (Note: The external navigator should have
automatically loaded the localizer frequency into the standby VLOC slot.)
Annun/Alerts
5)
Or:
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Index
Press the APR Key on the GMC control unit.
289
AFCS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
GPS Mode is now active and LOC Mode is armed in the roll axis. ALT Mode
is active and GS is armed in the pitch axis. The flight director should now
navigate the entire approach from the IAF (Initial Approach Fix) to the MAP
(Missed Approach Point) with the only adjustment being the throttle.
EIS
NOTE: Check step #5 if the external navigator doesn’t automatically switch
from GPS to VLOC Mode shortly after turning inbound on the final approach
course.
The AFCS will intercept and track a DME arc that is part of the active flight plan
provided that GPS Navigation Mode is engaged, GPS is the active navigation source
on the CDI, and the DME arc segment is the active flight plan leg. It is important
to note that automatic navigation of DME arcs is based on GPS. Thus, even if the
APR key is pressed and LOC or VOR Approach Mode is armed prior to reaching the
Initial Approach Fix (IAF), Approach Mode will not activate until the arc segment is
completed.
If the pilot decides to intercept the arc at a location other than the published IAF (i.e.
ATC provides vectors to intercept the arc) and subsequently selects Heading Mode or
Roll Mode, the AFCS will not automatically intercept or track the arc unless the pilot
activates the arc leg of the flight plan and arms GPS Navigation Mode. The AFCS will
not intercept and fly a DME arc before reaching an IAF that defines the beginning of
the arc segment. Likewise, if at any point while established on the DME arc the pilot
deselects GPS Navigation Mode, the AFCS will no longer track the arc.
LEVEL MODE
Level Mode is coupled in pitch and roll modes and is annunciated as both the vertical
and lateral modes when active. Pressing the LVL Key engages the autopilot in Level
vertical and lateral modes. Level Mode does not track altitude or heading. When the
LVL Key is pressed all armed and active modes are canceled and the autopilot and
flight director revert to LVL mode for pitch and roll. While in level mode, all other
modes are available by pressing the corresponding button.
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
INTERCEPTING AND FLYING A DME ARC
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Annunciations & Alerts
System
Overview
SECTION 10 ANNUNCIATIONS & ALERTS
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
AFCS
Annun/Alerts
Appendix
Index
291
Flight
Planning
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
GPS
Navigation
190-02472-00 Rev. A
CNS
Interface
Comments
Within 200 feet of final VNAV target altitude.
The aircraft is within one minute of reaching the
initial VNAV descent point.
Arriving at XXX
The aircraft is nearing the destination.
Can’t Unlock Maps
No applicable unlock code for one or more maps
was found. All MapSource maps are not accessible.
Database Error
Internal problem with the system. Contact your
dealer.
Switch Fuel Tanks
A reminder for switching fuel tanks. The reminder
message repeats at the specified interval after the
beginning of each trip.
Lost Satellite Reception
The system is unable to receive satellite signals.
Memory Full
System memory is full, no further data can be saved.
Proximity Alarm XXXXX
You have reached the distance set for a proximity
waypoint.
Next DTK XXX
The aircraft is nearing a turn in a route.
No SXM Signal
The SXM antenna is not receiving a signal.
Proximity Alarm Memory Full No additional proximity waypoints can be saved.
Proximity Waypoints Overlap The radius of two proximity waypoints overlap.
Route Already Exists
A route name that already exists has been entered.
Route Memory Full
No additional routes can be saved.
Route Truncated
Uploaded route from another device has more than
300 waypoints.
Route Waypoint Memory Full No additional route waypoints can be saved.
Saving SXM Program
An SXM Radio channel lineup change has occurred
Information
and the unit is saving the channel lineup to memory.
EIS
Message
Approaching Target Altitude
Approaching VNAV Profile
Flight
Instruments
10.1 MISCELLANEOUS MESSAGE ADVISORIES
System
Overview
Track Already Exists
Track Log Full
Comments
Approaching a turn that requires a bank angle in
excess of 25 degrees to stay on course.
A saved track with the same name already exists.
The track log is full and track recording was turned
off. To record more track points, you need to clear
the track log and turn track recording on.
No more track data can be stored. Delete the old
track data to store the new data.
Data transfer was completed.
VNAV function has been cancelled due to a change
in the active route.
A waypoint with the same name already exists.
The unit has stored the maximum number of
waypoints.
EIS
Message
Steep Turn Ahead
Flight
Instruments
Annunciations & Alerts
Transfer Complete
VNAV Cancelled
Waypoint Already Exists
Waypoint Memory Full
Miscellaneous Message Advisories
10.2 AIRSPACE MESSAGES
Message
Inside Airspace
Airspace Near and Ahead
Airspace Ahead, Within 10
Minutes
Airspace Near, Within 2 nm
Comments
Inside the boundaries of the airspace.
Within two nautical miles of an airspace
and your current course takes you inside the
airspace.
The projected course takes you inside an
airspace within the next 10 minutes or less.
Within two nautical miles of an airspace but not
projected to enter it.
Index
Appendix
Annun Alerts
AFCS
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
Track Memory Full
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Annunciations & Alerts
Flight
Instruments
A yellow (Messages) alert will flash at the bottom of the display. Messages are
removed when they no longer apply. Flashing stops when all messages have been
viewed.
System
Overview
10.3 SYSTEM STATUS MESSAGES
EIS
CNS
Interface
GPS
Navigation
Flight
Planning
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
Message Alert
AFCS
Annun/Alerts
Accessing messages:
Touch Messages at the bottom of the screen to view.
Or:
Touch Main Menu > Tools > Messages.
Appendix
Index
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293
Index
Appendix
Annun Alerts
AFCS
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
Annunciations & Alerts
SYSTEM STATUS MESSAGES
Message
[LRU name] hardware fault
Comments
The specified LRU has a hardware fault and
requires service.
Config module error
The GDU has encountered a problem writing to/
from the config module The G3X Touch system
should be serviced.
Config module missing
The PFD config module is not connected.
[LRU name] using backup RS-232 The specified LRU was wired for both CAN and
interface
RS-232 communication paths, and the device is
not communicating via CAN.
[LRU name] temperature out of
The specified LRU is either too hot or too cold.
spec
Check installation and/or hardware for cause.
[LRU name] power supply fault
The specified LRU’s internal power supply has
a problem or the input voltage is out of the
required specifications.
AHRS [number] not calibrated
The specified AHRS is either not calibrated
or requires the post installation calibration
procedure. See G3X Touch installation manual
for calibration instructions.
AHRS [number] magnetometer
The specified AHRS is either not calibrated or
not calibrated
requires the magnetometer post installation
calibration procedure. See G3X Touch
installation manual for calibration instructions.
AHRS [number] not receiving
The specified AHRS is not receiving
magnetometer data
magnetometer data. Check installation and
configuration.
AHRS [number] not receiving air The specified AHRS is not receiving air data.
data
Check installation and configuration.
AHRS [number] not receiving GPS The specified AHRS is not receiving any or any
data
useful GPS information. Check installation and
configuration.
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Annunciations & Alerts
System
Overview
Flight
Instruments
EIS
CNS
Interface
GPS
Navigation
Flight
Planning
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
AFCS
Annun/Alerts
Appendix
Message
Comments
AHRS [number] magnetic
An anomaly has been detected in the
anomaly - check mag installation magnetometer data. Heading may or may not
be flagged invalid.
AHRS [number] magnetic field
The data being communicated by the GMU
model invalid
to the specified AHRS is invalid. Heading is
flagged invalid and the AHRS will use GPS for
backup mode operation.
AHRS [number] model out of
The specified AHRS Earth magnetic field model
date
is out of date. Update magnetic field model
when practical.
Network communication error
Two or more LRUs may have the same network
address. Check wiring and configuration.
[LRU name] Network address
One or more LRUs on the CAN bus have an
changed
indeterminate network address. This likely
indicates a wiring issue or an intermittent
connector pin. If the problem persists, the G3X
Touch system should be serviced.
[GDU name] software version
The PFD and MFD do not have the same
mismatch
software version installed. Display crosstalk is
disabled. Ensure all installed display software
matches.
[GDU name] obstacle database The PFD and MFD have different obstacle
mismatch
database versions installed. Install the correct
obstacle database on all displays for proper
terrain/obstacle alerting.
[GDU name] obstacle database The obstacle database is missing. Install the
missing
correct obstacle database on all displays for
proper terrain/obstacle alerting.
[GDU name] terrain database
The PFD and MFD have different terrain
mismatch
database versions installed. Install the correct
terrain database on all displays for proper
terrain/obstacle alerting.
Index
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295
Index
Appendix
Annun Alerts
AFCS
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
Annunciations & Alerts
Message
[GDU name] terrain database
missing
Comments
The terrain database is missing. Install the
correct terrain database on all displays for
proper terrain/obstacle alerting.
[GDU name] navigation
The PFD and MFD have different navigation
database mismatch
database versions installed. Install the correct
navigation database on all displays for proper
navigation.
[GDU name] navigation
The navigation database is missing. Install the
database missing
correct navigation database on all displays for
proper navigation.
[GDU name] audio database
The audio database is missing. Return unit for
missing.
service
[GDU name] audio database
The audio database is incompatible. Return
incompatible
unit for service
Using external GPS position data The display that is configured for a GPS antenna
connection is not available; the remaining
displays are using 2D GPS position data from
an external GPS navigator.
[GDU name] GPS antenna not
The display that is configured for a GPS antenna
connected
connection does not detect any antenna current
draw from the GPS antenna RF connector.
[GDU name] GPS antenna
The display that is configured for a GPS antenna
shorted to ground
connection detects the GPS antenna RF
connector is shorted to ground.
[GDU name] GPS receiver needs The internal GPS receiver in the specified GDU
service
is not responding. The affected GDU should be
serviced.
SXM receiver needs service
The display should be serviced when possible.
Not receiving external GPS
Not receiving RS-232 data from the specified
[number] RS-232 Aviation data
external GPS navigator.
Not receiving GTX TIS-A RS-232
Not receiving RS-232 data from the GTX.
data
Not receiving nav/comm
Not receiving RS-232 data from the nav/comm.
[number] RS-232 data
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Annunciations & Alerts
EIS
CNS
Interface
GPS
Navigation
Flight
Planning
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
10.4 AUDIO ALERTS
Flight
Instruments
Comments
Incorrect OBS value received from nav/comm.
Check nav/comm OBS resolver setup (see
Installation Manual guidance).
Not receiving data on ARINC 429 Data is not being received on the specified
channel [number]
ARINC 429 input (port number can be 1-4).
ARINC 429 receiver error
Data received on an ARINC 429 input does not
match the expected configuration.
Using internal GPS flight plan for Communication with the external GPS
navigation
navigation source has failed. The G3X Touch
internal flight plan is being used for navigation.
Aviation waypoint was deleted
A waypoint that was part of a stored flight
plan was deleted from the latest navigation
database. Check stored flight plans
Aviation waypoint has moved
A waypoint that was part of a stored flight plan
was moved. Check stored flight plans.
Demo Mode - Do not use for
The system is in demo mode, do not use for
navigation
navigation.
Point no longer in navigation
Displayed when the user attempts to activate a
database
flight plan with invalid waypoints.
System
Overview
Message
VHF nav/comm communication
error
Appendix
The following voice terrain alerts are issued when flight conditions meet
parameters that are set within the software algorithms, and are dependent on
the sensitivity level set in the Terrain Setup Menu.
Annun/Alerts
• “Five Hundred”—when the aircraft descends through 500 feet above the destination airport.
AFCS
VOICE ALERTS
Index
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297
Alert Severity
Terrain
Obstacle
Descent Rate
Caution
“caution, terrain”
“caution, terrain
ahead”
“caution, obstacle”
“caution, obstacle
ahead”
“caution,
sink rate”
Warning
“terrain ahead!
pull up!”
“terrain! terrain!
pull up! pull up!”
“obstacle ahead!
pull up!”
“obstacle! obstacle!
pull up! pull up!”
“sink rate,
pull up!”
“pull up!”
Voice Alerts Summary
10.5 PFD ANNUNCIATIONS AND ALERTING
FUNCTIONS
The following annunciations and alerting functions are displayed on the PFD.
CAS MESSAGES
The CAS messages displayed depend upon the current configuration, and will vary
from the examples listed below. Refer to the G3X Touch Installation Manual for more
information on configuring CAS messages (if applicable).
CAS Messages are grouped by criticality (warning, caution, advisory, and safe):
AFCS
• WARNING (red): Requires immediate attention. Warning messages will flash
until acknowledged by pressing the BACK Key or touching the on-screen message.
• CAUTION (yellow): Requires pilot awareness and possible future corrective
action.
Annun Alerts
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
Annunciations & Alerts
• ADVISORY (white): Provides general information.
Index
Appendix
• SAFE (green): Indicates a safe condition (i.e., GEAR DOWN).
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Annunciations & Alerts
Touch on an active CAS message to acknowledge it.
Flight
Instruments
When in split-screen mode on the GDU 470, the CAS Window is hidden. A yellow or
red warning symbol is depicted on the PFD indicating the presence of a CAS message.
System
Overview
Warning annunciation text is shown in red in the CAS Annunciation Window on the
full-screen PFD and/or split-screen PFD Page.
EIS
Caution CAS
Message
Symbol
Warning CAS Message Symbol
(Split-Screen GDU 470)
AFCS
The G3X Touch displays traffic symbolically on the Map Page, and the Traffic Warning
Window (Inset Map). Refer to the Hazard Avoidance Section and the Annunciations
and Alerts section for more details.
Additional
Features
TRAFFIC ANNUNCIATIONS
Hazard
Avoidance
In addition to the Terrain Pop-up Alert in the lower left corner of the page, terrain
and obstacle annunciations appear on the PFD in the upper left corner of the Attitude
Indicator. Refer to the Hazard Avoidance Section for more details.
Flight
Planning
TERRAIN ANNUNCIATIONS
GPS
Navigation
Caution CAS Message Symbol
(Split-Screen GDU 470)
CNS
Interface
Warning
CAS Message
Symbol
Annun/Alerts
Appendix
Index
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299
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
Annunciations & Alerts
AHRS ALERTS (OPTIONAL)
REVERSION ALERTS
If a Garmin G5 standby flight display is present and the primary ADAHRS source
is unavailable, the messages ‘AHRS REVERT’ and ‘ADC REVERT’ will appear. These
messages indicate that the PFD has reverted to using attitude and air data from the
standby flight display instead of a dedicated ADAHRS unit.
Critical values generated by redundant sensors are monitored by comparators. If
differences in the sensors exceed a specified amount, the Comparator Window
appears in the lower right corner of the PFD and the discrepancy is annunciated in the
Comparator Window as a ‘MISCOMP’ (miscompare).
If the ADAHRS source selection is set to Auto and an attitude miscompare condition
is detected, the flight director cannot be engaged until the pilot determines which
source of attitude data should be used. When the pilot selects a specific ADAHRS
source other than Auto, the flight director and autopilot may be used (or re-engaged)
even if the miscompare condition persists.
Index
Appendix
Annun Alerts
AFCS
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
COMPARISON ALERTS
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Annunciations & Alerts
System
Overview
AFCS ALERTS (OPTIONAL)
Flight
Instruments
EIS
CNS
Interface
AFCS Alerts
STATUS ALERTS
TRIM UP
Down-elevator Trim Required
TRIM DOWN
Pitch Trim
PTRIM
Additional
Features
Up-elevator Trim Required
Description
The autopilot does not have the
required elevator authority to
reach the desired flight condition.
Manual Electric Pitch Trim is
inoperative.
Hazard
Avoidance
Annunciation
Flight
Planning
Alert Condition
GPS
Navigation
If the commanded operation cannot be achieved due to the limitations
configured, the following messages can be displayed over the pitch ladder.
The annunciation is removed once the condition is resolved.
Status Alerts
AFCS
Annun/Alerts
Appendix
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301
The following messages are displayed in the AFCS Status Field.
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
Annunciations & Alerts
Alert Condition
Annunciation
Autopilot Failure
AP
Autopilot inoperative
Manual Autopilot
Disengagement
AP
Autopilot Disengaged
Yaw Damper Failure
YD
Yaw Damper inoperative
YD
Yaw Damper Disengaged
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
Yaw Damper Manual
Disengagement
Flight Director and
Autopilot Failure
Autopilot Failure
Flight Director and Autopilot
inoperative
Autopilot inoperative, Flight Director
operative
Autopilot preflight test is in
progress.
AFCS System Alerts
A flashing yellow mode annunciation (ROL, GPS, etc.) and annunciator light indicate
loss of sensor (ADC, AHRS) or navigation data (VOR, LOC, GPS, VNAV) required to
compute commands.
AFCS AURAL ALERT
Manual disengagement of the autopilot is indicated by a five-second flashing yellow
‘AP’ annunciation and an aural (bee-boop) alert. Cancel the aural alert by pressing and
releasing the AP Button again.
Index
Appendix
Annun Alerts
AFCS
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
Autopilot Preflight Test
AFCS
Description
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Appendix A
System
Overview
SECTION 11 APPENDICES
Flight
Instruments
APPENDIX A: DATA FIELD OPTIONS
Flight
Planning
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
AFCS
Annun/Alerts
Appendix
Index
303
GPS
Navigation
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
CNS
Interface
190-02472-00 Rev. A
EIS
DATA BAR FIELD OPTIONS
Data Bar Field
Definition
AGL - Height Above Ground Level Height Above Ground Level. This field will
display dashes when below a specified AGL.
BRG - Bearing to Waypoint
The compass direction from the present position
to the next waypoint.
CABIN - Cabin Altitude
Current pressure altitude of aircraft cabin
(Requires a compatible CO detector)
CLG - Climb Gradient
Current climb gradient (climb rate divided by
groundspeed) in percent.
CLM - Climb Gradient (ALT/NM)
Current climb gradient (climb rate divided by
groundspeed) in altitude per nautical mile.
CO -Carbon Monoxide (PPM)
Displays current carbon monoxide level in
parts per million. (Requires a compatible CO
detector.)
DA - Density Altitude
Pressure Altitude adjusted for non-standard
temperature.
DIST - Distance to Waypoint
The distance to the next waypoint in the Active
Flight Plan.
DISTD - Distance to Destination The distance to the destination waypoint in the
Waypoint
Active Flight Plan.
DTK - Desired Track
The desired course between the active “from”
and “to” waypoints.
ECO - Fuel Economy
This value is calculated by dividing the current
ground speed by the current fuel flow.
EDR - Fuel Endurance
This value is obtained by dividing the amount
of fuel on board by the current fuel flow
(endurance to empty - no reserve included).
DATA BAR FIELD OPTIONS
Data Bar Field
Definition
ESA - En Route Safe Altitude
The recommended minimum altitude within ten
miles left or right of the desired course on an
active flight plan or direct-to.
ETA - Estimated Time of Arrival
The estimated time at which the aircraft should
reach the next waypoint, based upon current
ground speed and track.
ETAD - Estimated Time of Arrival The estimated time at which the aircraft should
reach the destination waypoint, based upon
current ground speed and track.
ETE - Estimated Time En Route
The estimated time it takes to reach the next
waypoint from the present position, based upon
current ground speed.
ETED - Estimated Time Enroute to The estimated time it takes to reach the
Destination
destination waypoint from the present position,
based upon current ground speed.
ETV - Estimated Time to VNAV
The estimated time it takes to reach the VNAV
waypoint form the present position, based upon
current ground speed.
FOD - Fuel Over Destination
The estimated amount of fuel remaining when
the aircraft reaches the destination waypoint.
Calculated by multiplying fuel flow times
estimated time enroute (ETED) and subtracting
from fuel remaining (REM).
FL - Flight Level
Altitude in hundreds of feet (regardless of
system set altitude units).
FLT - Flight Time
The total time in flight.
FF - Fuel Flow
The current fuel flow.
G - G-Meter
The amount of positive or negative G’s.
GPS ALT - GPS Altitude
The current altitude in geometric height above
Mean Sea Level (MSL).
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
Appendix A
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Appendix A
System
Overview
Flight
Instruments
EIS
CNS
Interface
GPS
Navigation
Flight
Planning
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
AFCS
Annun/Alerts
Appendix
DATA BAR FIELD OPTIONS
Data Bar Field
Definition
GR - Glide Ratio
The ratio of horizontal distance (distance
traveled over the ground) to vertical distance
traveled (nn.n:1).
GS - Ground Speed
The velocity that the aircraft is traveling relative
to a ground position.
ISA - ISA Temperature Deviation The difference between OAT and the standard
atmospheric temperature at the current altitude.
LCL - Time of Day (Local)
The current time and date in 12-hour or 24hour format.
MACH - Mach Number
A unit of speed that measures the ratio of the
speed of an airplane to the speed of sound in
the same atmospheric conditions.
MSA - Minimum Safe Altitude
Uses Grid MORAs to determine a safe altitude
within ten miles of the aircraft’s present
position.
OAT - Outside Air Temperature
The static air temperature outside the aircraft.
This is the temperature measured by the OAT
probe, with correction for ram temperature rise.
RAT - Ram Air Temperature
The temperature measured by the OAT probe,
without correction for ram temperature rise.
REM - Fuel Remaining
The current fuel remaining adjusted for fuel
burn and based on fuel flow.
TRK - Ground Track
Direction of aircraft movement relative to a
ground position.
USD - Fuel Used
The quantity of fuel used based on fuel flow.
UTC - Time
The current time in Universal (UTC) time.
VSR - Vertical Speed Required
The vertical speed necessary to descend/climb
from the current position and altitude to the
previously selected VNAV position and altitude,
based upon current ground speed.
Index
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305
DATA BAR FIELD OPTIONS
Data Bar Field
Definition
WPT - Next Waypoint
The next waypoint in the flight plan or direct-to
route.
WX ALTIM
The altimeter setting at the nearest METAR
reporting station.
WX WIND
The surface wind at the nearest METAR
reporting station.
XTK - Crosstrack Error
The distance the aircraft is from a desired
course in either direction, left or right.
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
Appendix A
INFO PAGE DATA FIELD OPTIONS
Info Page Data Field Option Definition
Accuracy (ACCURACY)
The current accuracy of the GPS determined
location.
Bearing (BRG)
The compass direction from the present position
to a destination waypoint.
Cabin Altitude (CABIN ALT)
Current pressure altitude of aircraft cabin
(Requires a compatible CO detector)
Climb Gradient (Percent)
Current climb gradient in (climb rate divided by
groundspeed) in percent.
(CLIMB GRAD)
Climb Gradient (ALT/NM)
Current climb gradient (climb rate divided by
groundspeed) in altitude per nautical mile.
(CLIMB/NM)
Course to Steer (CTS)
The recommended direction to steer in order
to reduce cross-track error and return to the
course line.
Crosstrack Error (XTK)
The distance the aircraft is off a desired course
in either direction, left or right.
Density Altitude (DENSITY ALT)
Pressure Altitude adjusted for non-standard
temperature.
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Appendix A
CNS
Interface
GPS
Navigation
Flight
Planning
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
AFCS
Annun/Alerts
Appendix
Index
307
EIS
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
Flight
Instruments
190-02472-00 Rev. A
System
Overview
INFO PAGE DATA FIELD OPTIONS
Info Page Data Field Option Definition
Desired Track (DTK)
The desired course between the active “from”
and “to” waypoints.
Distance (Destination)
The distance to the destination waypoint in the
Active Flight Plan.
(DIST DEST)
Distance (Next Waypoint) (DIST
The distance to the next waypoint in the Active
NEXT)
Flight Plan.
Enroute Safe Altitude (ESA)
The recommended minimum altitude within ten
miles left or right of the desired course on a
active flight plan or direct-to.
FL - Flight Level
Altitude in hundreds of feet (regardless of
system set altitude units).
Flight Timer (FLT TIMER)
Total time in-flight (HH:MM).
Fuel Economy (ECONOMY)
Current Mile Per Gallon (MPG), based upon
ground speed and fuel flow.
Fuel Endurance (ENDURANCE)
This value is obtained by dividing the amount
of fuel on board by the current fuel flow
(endurance to empty - no reserve included).
Fuel Flow (FUEL FLOW)
The current fuel flow.
Fuel Remaining (FUEL REM)
The current fuel remaining adjusted for fuel
burn and based on fuel flow.
Fuel Timer (FUEL TIMER)
Elapsed time since the Fuel Tank Reminder
Alarm was last issued (HH:MM).
Fuel Used (FUEL USED)
The quantity of fuel used based on fuel flow.
Fuel Over Destination (FOD)
The estimated amount of fuel remaining when
the aircraft reaches the destination waypoint.
This value is calculated by multiplying fuel
flow times estimated time enroute (ETED) and
subtracting from fuel remaining (REM).
Glide Ratio (G/R)
The ratio of horizontal distance (distance
traveled over the ground) to vertical distance
traveled (nn.n:1).
INFO PAGE DATA FIELD OPTIONS
Info Page Data Field Option Definition
GPS ALT - GPS Altitude
The current altitude in geometric height above
Mean Sea Level (MSL).
Ground Speed (GS)
The velocity that the aircraft is traveling relative
to a ground position.
Ground Track (TRK)
The direction of aircraft movement relative to a
ground position.
Height Above Ground Level (AGL) Height Above Ground Level. This field will
display dashes when below a specified AGL.
ISA Temp Deviation (ISA)
The difference between OAT and the standard
atmospheric temperature at the current altitude.
Mach Number (MACH)
A unit of speed that measures the ratio of the
speed of an airplane to the speed of sound in
the same atmospheric conditions.
Minimum Safe Altitude (MSA)
Uses Grid MORAs to determine a safe altitude
within ten miles of the aircraft’s present
position.
Next Waypoint (Next Waypoint)
The next waypoint in the flight plan or direct-to
route.
Outside Air Temperature (OAT)
The static air temperature outside the aircraft.
This is the temperature measured by the OAT
probe, with correction for ram temperature rise.
Ram Air Temperature (RAT)
The temperature measured by the OAT probe,
without correction for ram temperature rise.
Sunrise (SUNRISE)
The time at which the sun rises on this day
(current location).
Sunset (SUNSET)
The time at which the sun sets on this day
(current location).
SXM (Now Playing)
The selection now playing on SiriusXM Radio.
(SXM)
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
Appendix A
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Appendix A
CNS
Interface
GPS
Navigation
Flight
Planning
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
AFCS
Annun/Alerts
Appendix
Index
309
EIS
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
Flight
Instruments
190-02472-00 Rev. A
System
Overview
INFO PAGE DATA FIELD OPTIONS
Info Page Data Field Option Definition
Time En Route (Destination)
The estimated time it takes to reach the
destination waypoint from the present position,
(ETE DEST)
based upon current ground speed.
Time En Route (Next)
The estimated time it takes to reach the next
waypoint form the present position, based upon
(ETE NEXT)
current ground speed.
Time of Arrival (Destination) (ETA The estimated time at which the aircraft should
DEST)
reach the destination waypoint, based upon
current speed and track.
Time of Arrival (Next Waypoint) The estimated time at which the aircraft should
reach the next waypoint, based upon current
(ETA NEXT)
speed and track.
Time to VNAV (VNAV TIME)
The estimated time it takes to reach the VNAV
waypoint form the present position, based upon
current ground speed.
Time (Local) (TIME)
The current time and date in 12-hour or 24hour format.
Time (UTC) (TIME)
The current time and date in Universal (UTC)
time.
Vertical Speed (VS)
The rate of climb or descent (GPS-derived).
Vertical Speed Required (VSR)
The vertical speed necessary to descend/climb
from the current position and altitude to the
previously selected VNAV position and altitude,
based upon current ground speed.
Wx (Altimeter)
The altimeter setting at the nearest METAR
reporting station.
(WX ALTIM)
Wx (Dew Point)
The dew point at the nearest weather reporting
station.
(WX DEW PT)
Wx (Rel. Humidity)
The relative humidity at the nearest weather
reporting station.
(WX HUMIDITY)
INFO PAGE DATA FIELD OPTIONS
Info Page Data Field Option Definition
Wx (Temperature)
The temperature at the nearest weather
reporting station.
(WX TEMP)
Wx (Wind) (WX WIND)
The surface wind at the nearest METAR
reporting station.
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
Appendix A
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Appendix B
System
Overview
APPENDIX B: UTILITIES
The Flight Log shows a list of any recorded flights, including date, route of flight,
and flight time. The G3X Touch saves up to 50 recorded flights. Entries on this list are
automatically created for each flight.
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
AFCS
Annun/Alerts
Appendix
Viewing details for a flight:
1) From the split-screen or standalone MFD, press the MENU Key twice to
display the Main Menu.
2) Touch the Flight Log Button. The Flight Log Page is displayed. (Hours
and minutes can be displayed by pressing the MENU Key and touching the
Show Hours and Minutes Button). Tenths of hours is the default.
3) Touch the desired flight log in the list. The Flight Log Map Window is
displayed. Date, start/stop times, route, hours, distance, and actual flight
path are displayed.
4) Press the Back Key, or touch the Flight Log Page beside the Flight Log Map
Window, to return to the Flight Log Page.
Flight
Planning
Select any listed entry in the log to view additional information, including a map
displaying the actual path flown.
GPS
Navigation
VIEWING THE FLIGHT LOG
CNS
Interface
With no EIS items configured, recording begins when the aircraft reaches 250 feet
of altitude. When the aircraft’s groundspeed drops below 30 knots, the flight entry is
saved and a new entry is recorded when departing the airport. A touch-and-go or brief
stop of less than 10 minutes appends to the current flight record, rather than starting
a new entry.
EIS
With EIS items configured, recording begins when the engine hours timer or airframe
total hours is running. This allows recording of time spent on ground before takeoff
and after landing while the engine is running.
Flight
Instruments
FLIGHT LOG
Index
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311
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
Appendix B
Flight Log List
Flight Log Map
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Appendix B
System
Overview
DELETING FLIGHT LOGS
You can delete a single flight log or delete all flight logs from the Flight Log.
EIS
CNS
Interface
GPS
Navigation
Flight
Planning
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
Deleting all flight records:
1) From the split-screen and/or full-screen MFD, press the MENU Key twice to
display the Main Menu. (The ‘Flight Log’ option is not available from the
full-screen PFD Main Menu).
2) Touch the Flight Log Button. The Flight Log Page is displayed.
3) Press the MENU Key to display the flight log menu.
4) Touch the Delete All Button.
5) Touch the Yes Button to delete the flight log.
Flight
Instruments
Deleting a single flight log:
1) From the split-screen and/or full-screen MFD, press the MENU Key twice to
display the Main Menu. (The ‘Flight Log’ option is not available from the
full-screen PFD Main Menu).
2) Touch the Flight Log Button. The Flight Log Page is displayed.
3) Touch the desired flight log in the list. The Flight Log Map Window is
displayed.
4) Press the MENU Key to display the flight log map menu.
5) Touch the Delete Flight Button.
6) Touch the Yes Button to delete the flight log.
AFCS
Annun/Alerts
Appendix
Index
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313
TRACK LOG
The G3X Touch draws an electronic breadcrumb trail or “track log” on the Map Page.
The track log contains points along its path, including time and location for each point.
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
Appendix B
Track Log (Map Page)
The track log starts recording as soon as the G3X Touch gets a location fix. For the
best results, clear the track log before each flight.
The percentage of memory used by the current track log appears at the top of the
Track Log Window. After the track log is cleared, it shows zero percent. When the
screen reaches 100%, the most recent track points start to overwrite the least recent
track points (if ‘Wrap’ is selected in the Record Mode Field).
The Save feature allows storage of up to 15 track logs.
Displaying/removing the track log on the Map Page:
1) From the Map Page, press the MENU Key. The Map Options Window is
displayed.
2) Touch the Set Up Map... Button to display the Map Setup Page.
3) Touch the Line Tab to display the track log setup options.
4) Touch the Track Log Show/Hide Button.
5) Touch the Show Button to display the track log. Touch the Hide Button to
remove the track log.
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
Track Log
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Appendix B
System
Overview
Flight
Instruments
EIS
CNS
Interface
Flight
Planning
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
AFCS
Annun/Alerts
Appendix
Index
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GPS
Navigation
Map Page Menu
Map Setup Page - Line Tab
Appendix B
• Track Record Mode - ’Wrap’ records over the oldest tracks when the track log
reaches 100%. ‘Fill’ records a track log until the track log is full (100%).
• Track Interval - ’Distance’ records track points after a specified distance has been
traveled. ‘Time’ creates track points after a specified time has elapsed. 'Auto'
records track points only when necessary to recreate the track (this has the benefit
of saving memory on long straight flights).
• Track Color - Select a color for the track when it appears on the map.
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
Changing track log settings:
1) From the Map Page, press the MENU Key. The Map Page Menu is
displayed.
2) Touch the Set Up Map... Button to display the Map Setup Page.
3) Touch the Line Tab to display the track log setup options.
4) Touch the button associated with the desired setting.
5) Touch the button to select the desired option. Repeat step for each setting
to be changed.
6) Press the BACK Key to return to the Map Page.
Track Log Window (Split-Screen)
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Appendix B
Flight
Planning
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
AFCS
Annun/Alerts
Appendix
Index
317
GPS
Navigation
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
CNS
Interface
190-02472-00 Rev. A
EIS
Deleting a single saved track log:
1) From the split-screen and/or full-screen MFD, press the MENU Key twice to
display the Main Menu. (The ‘Flight Log’ option is not available from the
full-screen PFD Main Menu).
2) Touch the Track Log Button. The Track Log Page is displayed.
3) Touch the desired track log in the list. The Saved Track Window is displayed.
4) Press the MENU Key to display the saved track menu.
Flight
Instruments
Editing a track log:
1) From the split-screen and/or full-screen MFD, press the MENU Key twice to
display the Main Menu. (The ‘Flight Log’ option is not available from the
full-screen PFD Main Menu).
2) Touch the Track Log Button. The Track Log Page is displayed.
3) Touch the desired track log in the list. The Saved Track Window is displayed.
4) Touch the Name Button to display the keypad. Use the keypad to select
the name, then touch the Enter Button. Touch the Cancel Button to exit
without changing the name.
5) Touch the Color Button to display a list of color choices. Touch the button
for the desired color
6) Touch the Show on Map Button to show the track on the map.
System
Overview
Saving a track log:
1) From the split-screen or full-screen MFD, press the MENU Key twice. (The
‘Track Log’ option is not available from the full-screen PFD Main Menu).
2) Touch the Track Log Button. The Track Log Page is displayed.
3) Press the MENU Key to display the track log menu.
4) Touch the Save Active Track Button.
5) Touch the track selection button to choose what will be saved.
Entire Active Track, Past 24 Hours, Past 7 Days, Selected Flight, or
Selected Dates
6) If Selected Flight or Selected Dates are chosen, select the flight or dates
using the buttons.
7) Touch the OK Button to save the track, or touch the Cancel Button to
cancel the save.
System
Overview
Appendix B
Flight
Instruments
EIS
CNS
Interface
GPS
Navigation
Flight
Planning
Hazard
Avoidance
Touch the Delete Saved Track Button.
6)
Touch the Yes Button to delete the saved track, or touch the No Button to
cancel the deletion.
Deleting all saved track logs:
1) From the split-screen and/or full-screen MFD, press the MENU Key twice to
display the Main Menu. (The ‘Flight Log’ option is not available from the
full-screen PFD Main Menu).
2) Touch the Track Log Button. The Track Log Page is displayed.
3) Press the MENU Key to display the track log menu.
4) Touch the Delete All Saved Tracks Button.
5) Touch the Yes Button to delete all saved tracks, or touch the No Button to
cancel the deletion.
TRACK VECTOR
The G3X Touch draws an electronic “Track Vector” on the Map Page. The horizontal
marks on the Track Vector can be set to 'time' or 'distance'. The entire length of the
track is set to the specified time or distance and the lines are 'whole' values. When
configured to 'time', the tick marks will always be on the whole minute, even if the
total distance is set to XX:30 (mm:ss). When configured to 'distance' and the units are
miles, the tick marks will always be on the whole mile, even if the total distance is a
fraction (in this case, there would not be a tick mark at the end of the line).
AFCS
Additional
Features
5)
Annun/Alerts
Track
Vector
Index
Appendix
Track Vector (Map Page)
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Appendix B
System
Overview
Flight
Instruments
EIS
CNS
Interface
GPS
Navigation
Flight
Planning
Changing the Track Vector settings on the Map Page:
1) From the Map Page, press the MENU Key. The Map Page Menu is
displayed.
2) Touch the Set Up Map... Button to display the Map Setup Page.
3) Touch the Line Tab to display the Track Vector setup options.
4) Touch the Track Vector Off/Distance/Time Button.
5) Touch the Off Button to turn the Track Vector On or Off.
Or:
Touch the Distance Button to define the length of the Track Vector by
distance. Touch the distance value button to bring up the keypad to select
the distance, and touch the Enter Button.
Or:
Touch the Time Button to define the length of the Track Vector by time.
Touch the + Button or - Button to select the time. (Time is displayed in
MM:SS)
6) Press the BACK Key to return to the Map Page.
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
AFCS
Annun/Alerts
Appendix
Index
Track Vector Settings (Map Setup Page)
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319
WEIGHT & BALANCE
NOTE: Refer to the G3X Touch Installation Manual for information on configuring the Weight & Balance Page.
Weight & Balance may be used during pre-flight preparations to verify the weight
and balance conditions of the aircraft. By entering the weight values on this page, the
G3X Touch can calculate the total weight, moment, and center of gravity (CG).
NOTE: This information is only for flight planning purposes. Consult the
aircraft’s pilot operating handbook for the official weight and balance data.
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
Appendix B
AFCS
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
C.G.
Location
(in range)
Annun/Alerts
Stations
Index
Appendix
Weight and Balance Page (C.G. in Range)
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Appendix B
System
Overview
Flight
Instruments
C.G.
Location
(out of
range)
EIS
CNS
Interface
GPS
Navigation
Flight
Planning
Weight and Balance Page (C.G. Out of Range)
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
AFCS
Annun/Alerts
Appendix
Performing weight and balance calculations:
1) Press the MENU Key twice to display the Main Menu.
2) Touch the Weight & Balance Button. The Weight & Balance Page is
displayed. (Kilograms can be displayed by pressing the MENU Key and
touching the Show Kilograms Button)
3) Touch the desired station button. The FUEL keypad is displayed.
4) Use the keypad to select the desired weight, then touch the Enter Button.
The calculated moment, weight, and CG figures are calculated and appear
at the top of the page. Touch the Cancel Button to exit without changing
the weight.
5) Repeat Steps 3 and 4 to enter the weights for each station.
Index
190-02472-00 Rev. A
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
321
Appendix B
Weight & Balance Page Menu
If the Loading Limit for a particular station is exceeded, the station data will turn
yellow.
Loading Limit Exceeded
PROXIMITY WAYPOINTS AND ALARMS
The Proximity Waypoints Page allows the pilot to define an alarm circle around a
waypoint location. The Proximity Alarm will alert the pilot when the aircraft enters
the boundary of the defined radius, however does not alert the pilot when leaving the
radius.
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
Resetting weight & balance page:
1) From the Weight & Balance page, press the MENU Key.
2) Touch the Empty Aircraft Button.
3) Touch the Yes Button to empty the aircraft, or touch the No Button to
cancel the action.
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Appendix B
Flight
Instruments
EIS
CNS
Interface
GPS
Navigation
Creating proximity waypoints:
1) Press the MENU Key twice to open the Main Menu.
2) Touch the User Waypoints Button. The User Waypoints Page is displayed.
3) Touch the Proximity Tab. The Proximity Waypoints List is displayed.
4) Press the MENU Key. The Proximity Waypoint Menu is displayed.
5) Touch the New Proximity Waypoint Button.
6) Touch the Use Map Button or the Use Identifier Button.
7) If using an identifier, select the desired waypoint using the Waypoint
Identifier Window. Touch the Enter Key to create the proximity waypoint.
Touch the Cancel Key to exit without creating a proximity waypoint.
System
Overview
Proximity Waypoint Alarms must be 'On' for alerting to occur, otherwise the Proximity
Waypoint is simply a red circle on the navigation map.
Flight
Planning
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
Proximity
Circle
AFCS
Annun/Alerts
Appendix
Proximity
Alarm
Proximity Waypoint Alarm
Index
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323
Appendix B
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
Enabling/disabling proximity waypoint alarms:
1) Press the MENU Key twice to open the Main Menu.
2) Touch the User Waypoints Button. The User Waypoints Page is displayed.
3) Touch the Proximity Tab. The Proximity Waypoints List is displayed.
4) Press the MENU Key. The Proximity Waypoint Menu is displayed.
5) Touch the Enable Proximity Alarms Button, or the Disable Proximity
Alarms Button, to enable/disable proximity alarms.
Or:
1) Press the MENU Key twice to open the Main Menu.
2) Touch the Setup Button. The Setup Page is displayed.
3) Touch the Alarms Button. The Alarms Setup Page is displayed.
4) Touch the Proximity Waypoint On Button or Off Button, to enable/disable
proximity alarms.
AFCS
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
Deleting a single proximity waypoint:
1) Press the MENU Key twice to open the Main Menu.
2) Touch the User Waypoints Button. The User Waypoints Page is displayed.
3) Touch the PROXIMITY Tab. The Proximity Waypoints List is displayed.
4) Touch the desired proximity waypoint in the list. The Proximity Waypoint
Menu is displayed.
5) Touch the Delete Proximity Waypoint Button.
6) Touch the Yes Button to delete the proximity waypoint, or touch the No
Button to cancel the deletion.
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
Deleting all proximity waypoints:
1) Press the MENU Key twice to open the Main Menu.
2) Touch the User Waypoints Button. The User Waypoints Page is displayed.
3) Touch the PROXIMITY Tab. The Proximity Waypoints List is displayed.
4) Press the MENU Key. The Proximity Waypoint Menu is displayed.
5) Touch the Delete All Button.
6) Touch the Yes Button to delete all proximity waypoints, or touch the No
Button to cancel the deletion.
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Appendix C
System
Overview
APPENDIX C: SD CARD USE AND DATABASES
One SD card should be used exclusively for loading software, another SD
card should be used exclusively for loading databases, and a third card
should be used exclusively for flight purposes.
Flight
Instruments
NOTE: It is recommended to maintain three SD cards for the G3X system.
EIS
NOTE: When flying the G3X system, any SD card(s) used in the GDU(s)
CNS
Interface
The G3X Touch uses an SD Card for software updates, database updates, MapSource®
data, checklist files, Chartview, Flight Data Logging, exporting Track Logs/User
Waypoints, importing/exporting Flight Plans and user-downloaded vehicles. Garmin
recommends using a 8 GB SanDisk® or Toshiba® SD Card.
GPS
Navigation
Additional
Features
INSTALLING AND REMOVING SD CARDS
Hazard
Avoidance
MapSource detailed maps are available from FlyGarmin.com. Refer to the Garmin
website (www.garmin.com) for instructions on downloading software updates. Refer
to the latest revision of the G3X Touch Installation Manual for software update
instructions.
Flight
Planning
should contain only files which are necessary for the flight of the aircraft.
Non-essential files may have a negative effect on display performance.
Annun/Alerts
SD Card Slot
AFCS
NOTE: SD Cards are not waterproof. They should not be exposed to moisture
or excessive static charges, and should be stored in the case supplied with
the card.
Appendix
SD Card Slot - GDU 460 (10.6 inch)
Index
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Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
325
Appendix C
If you insert an SD Card and get a card format not recognized message, try removing
the card and reinserting it. If the card is still not recognized, contact Garmin Product
Support or your Garmin dealer.
Removing an SD Card:
1) Push the card into the unit until it stops.
2) Release the card. The card should eject for easy removal.
3)
With the card ejected, pull the card out of the slot.
G3X TOUCH DATABASES
The following databases are available with the G3X Touch. See the Additional
Feature section for information on Airport Directories, FliteCharts®, and SafeTaxi®. See
the Hazard Avoidance section for information on Obstacles and Terrain.
Refer to www.fly.garmin.com for available databases.
Database
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
Installing an SD Card:
1) Insert the card into the slot at the lower, center, front of the bezel. Be sure
the SD Card contacts are facing downwards. (GDU 470: Insert card in the
slot at the upper right, with the contacts facing right).
2) Firmly push the card into the unit. It is not necessary to force the card.
Worldwide Basemap
AFCS
Airport Directory (AOPA or AC-U-KWIK)
Navigation Database (Jeppesen® or by Garmin)
Annun/Alerts
FliteCharts®
SafeTaxi®
Obstacle
Appendix
Terrain
VFR Sectionals
Index
IFR Charts
Available Databases
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Appendix C
AIRPORT DIRECTORY DATABASES
Additional
Features
AFCS
Annun/Alerts
Appendix
• *Airport—identifier, facility name, city/state/country, latitude/longitude, field
elevation, available fuel types, runway designations and layout, runway surface,
runway length, runway width, runway lighting, communication frequencies, and
published approaches.
Hazard
Avoidance
NOTE: Although the Jeppesen Navigation Database and the US VFR
Navigation Database contain much of the same information, pilots may notice
differences in behavior, nearest list functionality, direct-to functionality, and
map page display due to data content variations. The Navigation Databases
do not contain any approach data.
Flight
Planning
The G3X Touch includes an internal navigation database that provides location and
facility information for thousands of airports, VORs, NDBs, and more. Updates to the
navigation database are available every 28 days online. There are two navigation
database products available: the Jeppesen Navigation Database, which is sourced by
Jeppesen, and Navigation Databases sourced by Garmin.
GPS
Navigation
NAVIGATION DATABASE
CNS
Interface
Optional airport directory databases such as AC-U-KWIK are also supported. ACU-KWIK provides complete listings of FBOs, charter companies, fuel suppliers, ground
transportation, maintenance and catering services at public airports across the world.
EIS
The AOPA Airport Directory provides data on airports and heliports throughout the
U.S. and it is updated on a 56-day cycle. Detailed information for over 5,300 U.S.
airports, along with the names and phone numbers of thousands of FBOs can be
viewed. This service allows the pilot to plan an overnight, choose fuel stops, find
ground transportation, etc.
Flight
Instruments
The basemap database contains data for the topography and land features, such as
river, lakes, and towns. It is updated only periodically, with no set schedule. There is
no expiration date.
System
Overview
BASEMAP
• Weather—frequencies associated with an airport (ASOS, ATIS, and AWOS).
Index
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327
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
Appendix C
• *VORs—identifier, facility name, city/state/country, location (latitude/longitude),
frequency, service volume (high, low, terminal), and type (such as VOR-DME,
TACAN, and VORTAC).
• *NDBs—identifier, facility name, city/state/country, location (latitude/longitude),
and frequency.
• Intersections—identifier, nearest VOR, radial and distance from nearest VOR,
location (latitude/longitude), and region/country.
• Airspace—boundaries (Class B, Class C, Control Zones, SUAs, and MOAs),
controlling agency, and vertical boundaries.
• FSS—Flight Service Stations.
* Symbology used for NDBs, VORs, and airports is consistent with those used on a
sectional chart.
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
• ARTCC—Air Route Traffic Control Centers.
FLITECHARTS
The FliteCharts database contains procedure charts. This database is updated on a
28-day cycle. FliteCharts will not longer function 180 days after the expiration date.
CHARTVIEW
Chartview is Jeppesen's version of FliteCharts. The two versions of charts have the
same basic information.
ChartView database is revised every 14 days. Charts are still viewable during a
period that extends from the cycle expiration date to the disables date. ChartView is
disabled 70 days after the expiration date and is no longer available for viewing. The
ChartView database is always on the SD Card and is not copied to the GDU’s internal
memory.
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
NOTE: After performing a navigation database update, verify all flight plan(s)
(routes) are current. If there is an obsolete aviation point in a saved route,
the flight plan cannot be activated until the obsolete points are removed.
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Appendix C
GPS
Navigation
The obstacle database contains data for obstacles, such as towers, that pose a
potential hazard to aircraft. Obstacles 200 feet and higher are included in the obstacle
database. It is very important to note that not all obstacles are necessarily charted and
therefore may not be contained in the obstacle database. This database is updated on
a 56-day cycle.
CNS
Interface
OBSTACLE
EIS
The SafeTaxi database contains detailed airport diagrams for selected airports.
These diagrams aid in following ground control instructions by accurately displaying
the aircraft position on the map in relation to taxiways, ramps, runways, terminals, and
services. This database is updated on a 56-day cycle.
Flight
Instruments
SAFETAXI
System
Overview
A Chartview Key is available for purchase from FlyGarmin.com, but Chartview
displays Jepp Charts available only from Jeppesen.
Flight
Planning
TERRAIN
Additional
Features
NOTE: The data contained in the terrain and obstacle databases comes from
government agencies. Garmin accurately processes and cross-validates the
data, but cannot guarantee the accuracy and completeness of the data.
Hazard
Avoidance
The terrain database is updated periodically and has no expiration date.
UPDATING G3X TOUCH DATABASES
Index
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
Appendix
190-02472-00 Rev. A
Annun/Alerts
Obtaining the System ID:
1) Press the MENU Key twice to access the Main Menu.
2) Touch the Tools Button.
3) Touch the Database Information Button. The Database Information
Page is displayed. Scroll down if necessary to see the System ID.
AFCS
The G3X Touch database updates can be obtained by visiting the ‘flyGarmin’ website
(www.fly.garmin.com). The ‘flyGarmin’ website requires the unit’s System ID to update
databases. This allows the databases to be encrypted with the unit’s unique System ID
when copied to the SD Card.
329
System ID
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
Appendix C
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Database Information Page
Updating G3X Touch Databases:
Equipment required to perform the update:
• Windows-compatible PC computer
• Verbatim 96504 SD Card Reader or equivalent
• Updated database obtained from the flyGarmin website
• SD Card, 8 GB recommended (Garmin recommends SanDisk® or Toshiba® SD
cards)
330
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Appendix C
2)
Power on the display. The Update Databases Page is displayed. A green
checkbox indicates that the database installed on the G3X Touch is up to
date. An empty checkbox indicates that the database on the SD card is
more current and should be installed.
Flight
Instruments
After the data has been copied to the SD Card, insert the SD card in the SD
card slot of the display.
System
Overview
1)
EIS
CNS
Interface
GPS
Navigation
Flight
Planning
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
Touch the Update All Button. The database status is updated.
Annun/Alerts
3)
AFCS
Update Databases Page
Or:
Appendix
Touch a single database, and touch NO/YES on the 'Update selected
database?' window. The selected database status is updated.
Index
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331
CNS
Interface
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
Appendix C
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
Update Databases Page (Database Status Updated)
Once the database(s) have been successfully updated, the SD Card can be
removed from the unit.
5)
Repeat steps 1-4 for the remaining GDUs if applicable.
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Reloading G3X Touch Databases:
1) Insert the SD card containing the data to be reloaded into the SD card slot
of the display.
2) Power on the display.
3) Press the MENU Key twice to open the Main Menu.
4) Touch Tools.
5) Touch Database Information.
6) Press the MENU Key.
7) Proceed with step 1-4 above.
AFCS
Annun/Alerts
Appendix
Index
4)
IMPORTING/EXPORTING FLIGHT PLANS TO/FROM THE SD
CARD
Refer to Section 6.1 for information on importing/exporting/renaming flight plans.
FLIGHT DATA LOGGING
The G3X Touch also has the ability to log flight data. Refer to the Additional Features
section for more information.
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Appendix D
System
Overview
APPENDIX D: MAP DATUM AND LOCATION
FORMATS
Flight
Instruments
MAP DATUMS
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
AFCS
Changing position settings:
1) Press the MENU Key twice to display the Main Menu.
2) Touch the Setup Button. The Setup Page is displayed.
3) Touch the Position Button. The Position Setup Page is displayed.
4) Touch the Location Format button. The Location Format choices are
displayed. Touch the button with the desired format.
5) Touch the Map Datum button. The Map Datum choices are displayed.
Touch the button with the desired format.
6) Press the MENU Key to display the Position Menu. Touch the Restore
Defaults Button to restore the default settings for all the position items.
Flight
Planning
Map Datum and Location Format selection can be performed on the Position Setup
Page.
GPS
Navigation
Your current location can be viewed on the GPS in the form of coordinates. Since
different charts use different location formats, Garmin GPS units allow you to choose
the correct coordinate system for the type of chart you are using. The most common
format is latitude and longitude, which is used by all Garmin units. You can change the
location format to use with other coordinate systems.
CNS
Interface
LOCATION FORMATS
EIS
A datum is a mathematical model of the Earth that approximates the shape of the
Earth and enables calculations to be carried out in a consistent and accurate manner.
The datum is physically represented by a framework of ground monuments (such as
trig. stations) whose locations have been accurately measured and calculated on
this reference surface. Lines of latitude and longitude on a chart are referenced to a
specific map datum. Every chart has a map datum reference and the G3X Touch can
be set to match most of those commonly used.
Annun/Alerts
Appendix
Index
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333
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
Appendix D
Position Setup Page
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Appendix E
System
Overview
APPENDIX E: GENERAL TIS-A INFORMATION
Flight
Planning
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
AFCS
TIS-A VS. TAS/TCAS
GPS
Navigation
The Traffic Information Service (TIS-A) provides traffic advisory information to nonTAS/TCAS-equipped aircraft. TIS-A is a ground-based service providing the relative
locations of all ATCRBS (Air Traffic Control Radar Beacon System) Mode-A and Mode-C
transponder equipped aircraft within a specified service volume. The TIS-A ground
sensor uses real-time track reports to generate traffic notification. The G3X Touch
displays TIS-A traffic information on the Navigation Map. Surveillance data includes
all transponder-equipped aircraft within the coverage volume. The G3X Touch displays
up to eight traffic targets within a 7.5-nm radius, from 3,000 feet below, to 3,500 feet
above the requesting aircraft.
CNS
Interface
WARNING: Do not rely solely upon the display of traffic information to
accurately depict all of the traffic within range of the aircraft. Due to lack
of equipment, poor signal reception, and/or inaccurate information from
aircraft or ground stations, traffic may be present that is not represented on
the display.
EIS
WARNING: Do not rely solely upon the display of traffic information for collision avoidance maneuvering. The traffic display does not provide collision
avoidance resolution advisories and does not, under any circumstances or
conditions, relieve the pilot’s responsibility to see and avoid other aircraft.
Flight
Instruments
NOTE: Aircraft without an operational transponder are invisible to TIS-A.
Annun/Alerts
Appendix
The main difference between the Traffic Information System (TIS-A) and Traffic
Advisory (TAS) or Traffic Collision Avoidance Systems (TCAS) is the source of surveillance
data. TAS/TCAS uses an airborne interrogator with a half-second update rate, while
TIS-A utilizes the terminal Mode-S ground interrogator and accompanying data link to
provide a five-second update rate. TIS-A and TAS/TCAS have similar ranges.
Index
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Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
335
TIS-A LIMITATIONS
• TIS-A operation may be intermittent during turns or other maneuvering.
• TIS-A is dependent on two-way, line-of-sight communications between the aircraft
and the Mode-S radar antenna. Whenever the structure of the aircraft comes
between the transponder antenna and the ground-based radar antenna, the signal
may be temporarily interrupted.
Flight
Planning
CNS
Interface
TIS-A relies on surveillance of the Mode-S radar system, which is a “secondary
surveillance” radar system similar to that used by ATCRBS. Many limitations are
inherent in secondary radar surveillance. Information provided by TIS-A is neither
better nor more accurate than the information used by ATC. TIS-A is intended only to
assist in visual acquisition of other aircraft in visual meteorological conditions (VMC).
While TIS-A is a useful aid for visual traffic avoidance, system limitations must be
considered to ensure proper use. No recommended avoidance maneuvers are given,
nor authorized, as a direct result of a TIS-A intruder display or TIS-A advisory.
GPS
Navigation
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
Appendix E
Hazard
Avoidance
NOTE: Refer to the TIS-A Limitations section of the Aeronautical Information Manual (AIM) for a more comprehensive explanation of limitations and
anomalies associated with TIS-A.
Additional
Features
NOTE: TIS-A is unavailable at low altitudes in many area of the United States.
This is often the case in mountainous regions.
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
NOTE: Garmin is not responsible for Mode S geographical coverage. Operation of the ground stations is the responsibility of the FAA. Refer to the AIM
for a Terminal Mode S radar site map.
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Appendix E
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
AFCS
Annun/Alerts
Appendix
• By FAA Form 8000-7, Safety Improvement Report (postage-paid card can be obtained
at FAA FSSs, General Aviation District Offices, Flight Standards District Offices, and
General Aviation Fixed Base Operators)
Flight
Planning
• By telephone to the nearest Flight Service Station (FSS) facility
GPS
Navigation
Pilots using TIS-A can provide valuable assistance in the correction of malfunctions
by reporting observations of undesirable performance. Reports should identify the time
of observation, location, type and identity of the aircraft, and describe the condition
observed. Reports should also include the type of transponder and transponder
software version. Since TIS-A performance is monitored by maintenance personnel,
not ATC, malfunctions should be reported in the following ways:
CNS
Interface
These are rare occurrences and are typically resolved within a few radar sweeps once
the client/intruder aircraft course stabilizes.
EIS
• When a rapidly closing intruder is on a course that intercepts the client aircraft
course at a shallow angle (either overtaking or head-on) and either aircraft abruptly
changes course within 0.25 nm, TIS-A may display the intruder aircraft on the
incorrect side of the client aircraft.
Flight
Instruments
• When the client or intruder aircraft maneuvers excessively or abruptly, the tracking
algorithm may report incorrect horizontal position until the maneuvering aircraft
stabilizes.
System
Overview
TIS-A information is collected during a single radar sweep. Collected information
is then sent through the Mode S uplink on the next radar sweep. Because of this, the
surveillance information is approximately five seconds old. TIS-A ground station tracking
software uses prediction algorithms to compensate for this delay. These algorithms
use track history data to calculate expected intruder positions consistent with the time
of display. Occasionally, aircraft maneuvering may cause variations in this calculation
and create slight errors on the Map Page which affect relative bearing information and
the target track vector and may delay display of the intruder information. However,
intruder distance and altitude typically remain relatively accurate and may be used to
assist in spotting traffic. The following errors are common examples:
Index
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337
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
Appendix E
Blank Page
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Appendix F
System
Overview
APPENDIX F: ABNORMAL OPERATION
When the G3X Touch loses the GPS signal for any reason, the following will occur:
Flight
Instruments
LOSS OF GPS POSITION
• A blinking red question mark will appear over the airplane icon on the map.
EIS
• Any GPS dependent data fields will not be available.
CNS
Interface
GPS
Navigation
Flight
Planning
GPS Signal Lost
If the Terrain Page doesn’t have at least a 3D fix (i.e. altitude unknown), a
Red X will be displayed.
Hazard
Avoidance
HAZARD DISPLAY WITH LOSS OF GPS POSITION
Additional
Features
AFCS
Annun/Alerts
Appendix
190-02472-00 Rev. A
Map Page Red X (Terrain)
(Split-Screen)
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
Index
Terrain Page Red X
(Split-Screen)
339
G3X TOUCH SYSTEM FAILURE ANNUNCIATIONS
When an LRU or an LRU function fails, a large red ‘X’ is typically displayed over the
instrument(s) or data experiencing the failure. Upon G3X Touch power-up, certain
instruments remain invalid as equipment begins to initialize. All instruments should
be operational within one minute of power-up. If any instrument remains flagged, the
G3X Touch should be serviced.
NOTE: Refer to the Pilot’s Operating Handbook for additional information
regarding pilot responses to these annunciations.
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
Appendix F
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
G3X Touch System Failure Annunciations
UNUSUAL ATTITUDES
The Attitude Indicator includes permanent red warning chevrons to indicate extreme
pitch angles. A series of downward-pointing chevrons appear at 50˚ above the horizon
line, and upward-pointing chevrons at 30˚ below the horizon line.
By default, the PFD will also declutter non-essential information when the G3X Touch
detects unusual attitude. The declutter is triggered if the aircraft exceeds 30˚ nose up,
OR 20˚ nose down, OR˚ 65 of bank in either direction. This can be disabled in the G3X
Touch Configuration Mode; refer to the Installation Manual for more information.
340
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
190-02472-00 Rev. A
Appendix F
System
Overview
Flight
Instruments
EIS
CNS
Interface
Pitch Attitude Warnings
Flight
Planning
In the event of a display failure, the G3X Touch System automatically switches to
reversionary (backup) mode. In reversionary mode, the information is presented on the
remaining display in the split-screen configuration.
GPS
Navigation
REVERSIONARY MODE (FULL-SCREEN)
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
AFCS
G3X Touch Full-Screen Reversionary Mode (Failed PFD)
190-02472-00 Rev. A
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
341
Index
In a two display system, in the event of a PFD failure, the MFD goes into reversionary
mode, and the autopilot is disengaged. If the MFD fails, the PFD goes into reversionary
mode and the autopilot continues to function.
Appendix
AFCS REVERSIONARY MODE
Annun/Alerts
The G3X Touch will revert to showing ADAHRS data from a standby flight display
(such as a Garmin G5 Electronic Flight Instrument) if no data is available from a
dedicated ADAHRS unit.
In a GMC 507 installation, in the event of display failure(s), basic autopilot
functionality remains as long as a ADAHRS unit is still available. The FD is no longer
available, but LVL, AP, ALT, and YD are available.
FAILURE OF THE EXTERNAL GPS NAVIGATION SOURCE
If the PFD has automatically reverted to using its own internal GPS navigation source
due to unavailability of external GPS navigation data, 'REV' is displayed in the lower
left quadrant of the HSI and 'VFR' is displayed in the lower right quadrant. In addition,
a "Using internal GPS flight plan for navigation" system message is displayed.
SYNTHETIC VISION TROUBLESHOOTING
Synthetic Vision is intended to be used with traditional attitude, heading,
obstacle, terrain, and traffic inputs (in most areas). Synthetic Vision is disabled
when valid attitude or heading data is not available for the display. In case
of invalid Synthetic Vision data, the PFD display reverts to the standard blueover-brown attitude display.
• Attitude data
• GPS position data
• Heading data
• Terrain data
• The position of the aircraft exceeds the range of the terrain database
REVERSIONARY MODE WITH SYNTHETIC VISION
Synthetic Vision can be displayed on the remaining display(s) in Reversionary
Mode. If it is enabled when the system switches to Reversionary Mode,
Synthetic Vision may take up to 30 seconds to display. The standard display
will be shown in the interim.
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Hazard
Avoidance
Synthetic Vision becomes disabled without the following data resources:
Additional
Features
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
Appendix F
342
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Appendix G
System
Overview
APPENDIX G: DISPLAY SYMBOLS
Item
Symbol
Item
Civilian, Serviced
Non-towered, Serviced
Military, Serviced
Towered, Serviced
Civilian, Soft/Unknown
Surface, Non-serviced
Soft Surface, Non-serviced
Civilian, Soft/Unknown
Surface, Serviced
Soft Surface, Serviced
Hazard
Avoidance
Towered, Non-serviced
Flight
Planning
Military, Non-serviced
GPS
Navigation
Non-towered, Non-serviced
CNS
Interface
Civilian, Non-serviced
Symbol
EIS
Unknown
Flight
Instruments
VFR SYMBOLS
Atlantic Database Airports
Additional
Features
Soft Surface, Private
AFCS
Paved, Private
Annun/Alerts
Seaplane Base
Heliport
Appendix
Americas/Pacific Database Airports
Index
190-02472-00 Rev. A
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
343
Appendix G
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
Item
Intersection
Interstate Highway
Visual Reporting Point
US Highway
LOM (compass locator at
outer marker)
State Highway
NDB (non-directional radio
beacon)
National Highway
VOR
Small City
VOR/DME
Medium City
ILS/DME or DME only
Large City
Hazard
Avoidance
Symbol
Miscellaneous
TACAN
Additional
Features
AFCS
Annun/Alerts
Item
VORTAC
Navaids
IFR SYMBOLS
Item
Symbol
Item
VFR, Soft/unknown Surface,
Non-serviced
Low-Altitude
VFR, Soft/unknown Surface,
Serviced
High- Altitude
Atlantic Database Airports
Index
Appendix
Symbol
344
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
Symbol
Airways
190-02472-00 Rev. A
Appendix G
Symbol
Item
LOM (compass locator at
outer marker)
IFR Airport, Non-serviced
NDB (non-directional radio
beacon)
VFR Airport, Serviced
VOR
IFR Airport, Serviced
VOR/DME
VFR, Soft Surface, Nonserviced
ILS/DME or DME Only
VFR, Soft Surface, Serviced
VORTAC
VFR, Soft Surface, Private
TACAN
GPS
Navigation
Flight
Planning
Hazard
Avoidance
VFR, Paved, Private
CNS
Interface
VFR Airport, Non-serviced
EIS
Intersection
Flight
Instruments
Unknown
Symbol
System
Overview
Item
Navaids
Additional
Features
VFR Seaplane Base
AFCS
VFR Heliport
Annun/Alerts
Americas/Pacific Database Airports
Appendix
Index
190-02472-00 Rev. A
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
345
AIRSPACE SYMBOLS
Item
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
Appendix G
Symbol
Class B, Class E,
CTA
Class B, Class E,
CTA
Class A, Class C,
TMA
Class A, Class C,
TMA, TRSA
Class D
Class D
Mode C Veil
MOA
TRSA
Flight
Planning
MOA
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Danger, Alert, or
Training Area
Restricted,
Prohibited, or
Warning Area
Radar Area
Symbol
Danger, Alert, or
Training Area
Restricted,
Prohibited, or
Warning Area
Radar Area
ATZ, TIZ
Misc/Unknown
ATZ, TIZ
AFCS
Item
IFR Americas/Pacific Database
Annun/Alerts
MATZ
Appendix
ADIZ
Misc/Unknown
Index
VFR Americas/Pacific Database
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190-02472-00 Rev. A
Appendix G
Symbol
Danger or Alert
Area
Restricted,
Prohibited, or
Warning Area
Item
Symbol
System
Overview
Item
Training Area
Flight
Instruments
IFR Atlantic Database Exceptions
EIS
Training Area
CNS
Interface
VFR Atlantic Database Exceptions
GPS
Navigation
Flight
Planning
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
AFCS
Annun/Alerts
Appendix
Index
190-02472-00 Rev. A
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
347
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
Appendix G
Blank Page
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Appendix H
ADS-B In
CNS
Interface
An aircraft that has both ADS-B In and ADS-B Out
capabilities.
EIS
Automatic Dependent Surveillance-Rebroadcast
Above Ground Level
Airman’s Information Manual
Airman’s Meteorological Information
Autopilot
airport
airspace
Air Route Traffic Control Center
Automated Surface Observing System
Air Traffic Control
Automatic Terminal Information Service
Automated Weather Observing System
GPS
Navigation
Flight
Planning
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
ADS-B Out
ADS-B
Participating
Aircraft
ADS-R
AGL
AIM
AIRMET
AP
APT
ASPC
ARTCC
ASOS
ATC
ATIS
AWOS
Air Defense Identification Zone
Automatic Dependant Surveillance-Broadcast
Ability to receive ADS-B information from other aircraft and
Ground Based Transceivers (GBTs)
Ability to transmit ADS-B data on 1090 ES or 978 MHz
Flight
Instruments
ADIZ
ADS-B
System
Overview
APPENDIX H: GLOSSARY
AFCS
degrees Celsius
Indicated airspeed corrected for installation and instrument
errors.
centimeter
communication radio
190-02472-00 Rev. A
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
349
Index
ºC
Calibrated
Airspeed
cm
COM
Appendix
The compass direction from the present position to a
destination waypoint.
Annun/Alerts
Bearing
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
Appendix H
Course
Course to Steer
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
EIS
Crosstrack Error
CTS
dBZ
deg
Desired Track
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
DIS
Distance
DME
DTK
The line between two points to be followed by the aircraft.
The recommended direction to steer in order to reduce
course error or stay on course. Provides the most efficient
heading to get back to the desired course and proceed along
the flight plan.
The distance the aircraft is off a desired course in either
direction, left or right.
Course to Steer
decibels ‘Z’ (radar return)
degree
The desired course between the active “from” and “to”
waypoints.
distance
The ‘great circle’ distance from the present position to a
destination waypoint.
Distance Measuring Equipment
Desired Track
The recommended minimum altitude within ten miles left or
right of the desired course on an active flight plan or directto.
ENT
enter
ESA
Enroute Safe Altitude
Estimated Time of The estimated time at which the aircraft should reach the
Arrival
destination waypoint, based upon current speed and track.
Estimated Time
The estimated time it takes to reach the destination waypoint
Enroute
from the present position, based upon current ground speed.
ETA
Estimated Time of Arrival
ETE
Estimated Time Enroute
Enroute Safe
Altitude
ºF
350
degrees Fahrenheit
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
190-02472-00 Rev. A
Appendix H
Federal Aviation Administration
Final Approach Fix
Federal Communication Commission
flight plan
feet per minute
Flight Service Station
foot/feet
gal
geodetic altitude
gallon(s)
GPS calculated altitude
The ratio of horizontal distance (distance traveled over the
ground) to vertical distance traveled (nn.n:1).
ground
gallons per hour
Global Positioning System
Grid Minimum Off-Route Altitude; one degree latitude by
one degree longitude in size and clears the highest elevation
reference point in the grid by 1000 feet for all areas of the
grid
The velocity that the aircraft is travelling relative to a ground
position.
Provides ADS-R, TIS-B and FIS-B broadcasts to ADS-B
participating aircraft.
see Track
Ground speed
Appendix
Index
351
Annun/Alerts
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
AFCS
190-02472-00 Rev. A
Additional
Features
Hg
hPa
hr
HSI
The direction an aircraft is pointed, based upon indications
from a magnetic compass or a properly set directional gyro.
mercury
hectopascal
hour
Horizontal Situation Indicator
Hazard
Avoidance
Heading
Flight
Planning
Ground-Based
Transceiver
Ground Track
GS
GPS
Navigation
Groundspeed
CNS
Interface
Grid MORA
EIS
GND
gph
GPS
Flight
Instruments
Glide Ratio, G/R
System
Overview
FAA
FAF
FCC
FPL
fpm
FSS
ft
Hz
IAF
IAT
ICAO
IFR
ILS
IMC
in
in HG
Hertz
Initial Approach Fix
Indicated Air Temperature
International Civil Aviation Organization
Instrument Flight Rules
Instrument Landing System
Instrument Meteorological Conditions
inch
Information provided by properly calibrated and set
instrumentation on the aircraft panel.
inches of mercury
kg
kHz
km
kt
kilogram
kilohertz
kilometer
knot
LAT
lb
Leg
LON
latitude
pound
The portion of a flight plan between two waypoints.
longitude
m
MAP
METAR
MHz
Minimum Safe
Altitude
MOA
MSA
meter
Missed Approach Point
Meteorological Aviation Routine
megahertz
Uses Grid MORAs to determine a safe altitude within ten
miles of the aircraft present position.
Military Operations Area
Minimum Safe Altitude
Indicated
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
Appendix H
352
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190-02472-00 Rev. A
Appendix H
quantity
rpm
revolutions per minute
SBAS
SD
sec
SIGMET
Satellite-Based Augmentation System
Secure Digital
second(s)
Significant Meteorological Information
TACAN
TAF
TAS
TER
TFR
TOPO
TIS-A
TIS-B
Tactical Air Navigation System
Terminal Aerodrome Forecast
True Airspeed
terrain
Temporary Flight Restriction
topographic
Traffic Information Service
Traffic Information Service-Broadcast
AFCS
QTY
Additional
Features
pounds per square inch
Hazard
Avoidance
psi
Flight
Planning
Outside Air Temperature
Omni Bearing Selector
GPS
Navigation
OAT
OBS
CNS
Interface
NAVigation AID
Non-directional Beacon
Next Generation Radar
nautical mile(s)
nearest
EIS
NAVAID
NDB
NEXRAD
nm
NRST
Flight
Instruments
Mean Sea Level
System
Overview
MSL
Appendix
Index
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
Annun/Alerts
190-02472-00 Rev. A
353
TRSA
Direction of aircraft movement relative to a ground position;
also ‘Ground Track’
Terminal Radar Service Area
UTC
Coordinated Universal Time
VFR
VHF
VNAV
VOL
VOR
VSI
VSR
VTF
Visual Flight Rules
Very High Frequency
vertical navigation
volume
VHF Omni-directional Range
very high frequency omnidirectional range station and
tactical air navigation
Vertical Speed Indicator
Vertical Speed Required
vector to final
WAAS
WPT
WX
Wide Area Augmentation System
waypoint
weather
Track
VORTAC
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
Appendix H
354
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190-02472-00 Rev. A
Appendix I
System
Overview
APPENDIX I: LICENSE AGREEMENT AND
WARRANTY
EIS
SOFTWARE LICENSE AGREEMENT
AFCS
Annun/Alerts
Appendix
Index
355
Additional
Features
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
Hazard
Avoidance
Garmin G3X Touch LRUs GAD 29, GAP 26, GDU 37X, GDU 45X/46X/470, GEA 24, GI 260, GMC 305, GMC 307,
GMU 22, GMU 44, GPS 20A, GSA 28, GSU 25/25B, GSU 73, GTP 59, & GTR 20 are warranted to be free
from defects in materials or workmanship for two years from the date of purchase. Within the applicable
period, Garmin will, at its sole option, repair or replace any components that fail in normal use. Such repairs or
replacement will be made at no charge to the customer for parts or labor, provided that the customer shall be
responsible for any transportation cost. This warranty does not apply to: (i) cosmetic damage, such as scratches,
nicks and dents; (ii) consumable parts, such as batteries, unless product damage has occurred due to a defect
in materials or workmanship; (iii) damage caused by accident, abuse, misuse, water, flood, fire, or other acts of
nature or external causes; (iv) damage caused by service performed by anyone who is not an authorized service
provider of Garmin; or (v) damage to a product that has been modified or altered without the written permission
of Garmin. In addition, Garmin reserves the right to refuse warranty claims against products or services that are
obtained and/or used in contravention of the laws of any country.
THE WARRANTIES AND REMEDIES CONTAINED HEREIN ARE EXCLUSIVE AND IN LIEU OF ALL OTHER
WARRANTIES, WHETHER EXPRESS, IMPLIED OR STATUTORY, INCLUDING ANY LIABILITY ARISING UNDER ANY
WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, STATUTORY OR OTHERWISE. THIS
WARRANTY GIVES YOU SPECIFIC LEGAL RIGHTS, WHICH MAY VARY FROM STATE TO STATE.
Flight
Planning
LIMITED WARRANTY FOR G3X TOUCH PRODUCTS
GPS
Navigation
PRODUCT”), YOU AGREE TO BE BOUND BY THE TERMS AND CONDITIONS OF THE FOLLOWING SOFTWARE
LICENSE AGREEMENT. PLEASE READ THIS AGREEMENT CAREFULLY. Garmin Ltd. and its subsidiaries
(“Garmin”) grants you a limited license to use the software embedded in the Garmin Product (the
“Software”) in binary executable form in the normal operation of the Garmin Product. Title, ownership
rights, and intellectual property rights in and to the Software remain with Garmin and/or its third-party
providers. You acknowledge that the Software is the property of Garmin and/or its third-party providers
and is protected under the United States of America copyright laws and international copyright treaties. You
further acknowledge that the structure, organization, and code of the Software are valuable trade secrets
of Garmin and/or its third-party providers and that the Software in source code form remains a valuable
trade secret of Garmin and/or its third-party providers. You agree not to reproduce, decompile, disassemble,
modify, reverse assemble, reverse engineer, or reduce to human readable form the Software or any part
thereof or create any derivative works based on the Software. You agree not to export or re-export the
Software to any country in violation of the export control laws of the United States of America.
CNS
Interface
BY USING THE DEVICE, COMPONENT OR SYSTEM MANUFACTURED OR SOLD BY GARMIN (“THE GARMIN
190-02472-00 Rev. A
Flight
Instruments
CONTACT GARMIN
Contact Garmin if you have any questions while using your G3X Touch. Contact Garmin Product Support at www.
fly.garmin.com.
IN NO EVENT SHALL GARMIN BE LIABLE FOR ANY INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, INDIRECT OR CONSEQUENTIAL
DAMAGES, WHETHER RESULTING FROM THE USE, MISUSE OR INABILITY TO USE THE PRODUCT OR FROM
DEFECTS IN THE PRODUCT. SOME STATES DO NOT ALLOW THE EXCLUSION OF INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL
DAMAGES, SO THE ABOVE LIMITATIONS MAY NOT APPLY TO YOU.
Garmin retains the exclusive right to repair or replace (with a new or newly-overhauled replacement product) the
product or software or offer a full refund of the purchase price at its sole discretion. SUCH REMEDY SHALL BE
YOUR SOLE AND EXCLUSIVE REMEDY FOR ANY BREACH OF WARRANTY.
Online Auction Purchases: Products purchased through online auctions are not eligible for warranty coverage.
Online auction confirmations are not accepted for warranty verification. To obtain warranty service, an original or
copy of the sales receipt from the original retailer is required. Garmin will not replace missing components from
any package purchased through an online auction.
International Purchases: A separate warranty may be provided by international distributors for devices
purchased outside the United States depending on the country. If applicable, this warranty is provided by the local
in-country distributor and this distributor provides local service for your device. Distributor warranties are only
valid in the area of intended distribution. Devices purchased in the United States or Canada must be returned to
the Garmin service center in the United Kingdom, the United States, Canada, or Taiwan for service.
Garmin International, Inc.
Garmin (Europe) Ltd.
1200 East 151st Street
Liberty House, Hounsdown Business Park
Olathe, Kansas 66062, U.S.A.
Southampton, Hampshire SO40 9LR, U.K.
Refer to the G3X Installation Manual for warranty registration instructions.
AOPA AIRPORT DIRECTORY NOTICE
AOPA MEMBERSHIP PUBLICATIONS, INC. AND ITS RELATED ORGANIZATIONS (HEREINAFTER COLLECTIVELY
“AOPA”) EXPRESSLY DISCLAIM ALL WARRANTIES, WITH RESPECT TO THE AOPA INFORMATION INCLUDED
IN THIS DATA, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. THE INFORMATION IS PROVIDED “AS IS”
AND AOPA DOES NOT WARRANT OR MAKE ANY REPRESENTATIONS REGARDING ITS ACCURACY, RELIABILITY,
OR OTHERWISE. UNDER NO CIRCUMSTANCES INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE, SHALL AOPA BE LIABLE FOR ANY
INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES THAT RESULT FROM THE USE OR INABILITY TO USE
THE SOFTWARE OR RELATED DOCUMENTATION, EVEN IF AOPA OR AN AOPA AUTHORIZED REPRESENTATIVE
HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES. USER AGREES NOT TO SUE AOPA AND, TO THE
MAXIMUM EXTENT ALLOWED BY LAW, TO RELEASE AND HOLD HARMLESS AOPA FROM ANY CAUSES OF
ACTION, CLAIMS OR LOSSES RELATED TO ANY ACTUAL OR ALLEGED INACCURACIES IN THE INFORMATION
ARISING OUT OF GARMIN’S USE OF THE INFORMATION IN THE DATASETS. SOME JURISDICTIONS DO NOT
ALLOW THE LIMITATION OR EXCLUSION OF IMPLIED WARRANTIES OR LIABILITY FOR INCIDENTAL OR
CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES SO THE ABOVE LIMITATIONS OR EXCLUSIONS MAY NOT APPLY TO YOU.
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
Appendix I
356
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
190-02472-00 Rev. A
Appendix I
System
Overview
AC-U-KWIK LICENSE AGREEMENT
Flight
Instruments
EIS
AC-U-KWIK AND ITS RELATED ORGANIZATIONS (HEREINAFTER COLLECTIVELY “AC-U-KWIK ORGANIZATIONS”)
EXPRESSLY DISCLAIM ALL WARRANTIES WITH RESPECT TO THE AC-U-KWIK INFORMATION INCLUDED IN THIS DATA,
EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND
FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. THE INFORMATION IS PROVIDED “AS IS” AND AC-U-KWIK ORGANIZATIONS
DO NOT WARRANT OR MAKE ANY REPRESENTATIONS REGARDING ITS ACCURACY, RELIABILITY, OR OTHERWISE.
LICENSEE AGREES NOT TO SUE AC-U-KWIK ORGANIZATIONS AND, TO THE MAXIMUM EXTENT ALLOWED BY LAW, TO
RELEASE AND HOLD HARMLESS AC-U-KWIK ORGANIZATIONS FROM ANY CAUSES OF ACTION, CLAIMS OR LOSSES
RELATED TO ANY ACTUAL OR ALLEGED INACCURACIES IN THE INFORMATION ARISING OUT OF GARMIN’S USE OF
THE INFORMATION IN THE DATASETS. SOME JURISDICTIONS DO NOT ALLOW THE LIMITATION OR EXCLUSION OF
IMPLIED WARRANTIES OR LIABILITY FOR INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES SO THE ABOVE LIMITATIONS OR
EXCLUSIONS MAY NOT APPLY TO LICENSEE.
CNS
Interface
SiriusXM SATELLITE RADIO SERVICE AGREEMENT
AFCS
Annun/Alerts
Appendix
THE WEATHER DATA SOFTWARE PRODUCT IS PROVIDED “AS IS.” ALL OTHER WARRANTIES, EXPRESSED OR
IMPLIED, INCLUDING ANY WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE OR OF
NON-INFRINGEMENT ARE HEREBY EXCLUDED.
Additional
Features
WEATHER DATA WARRANTY
Hazard
Avoidance
Contact SiriusXM Satellite Radio by phone at 800.985.9200 to subscribe to XM WX Weather and/or SiriusXM
Radio.
Flight
Planning
THE USER AGREES THAT THE SIRIUS XM WEATHER SERVICE OFFERING IS PROVIDED “AS IS”, THAT YOUR
GARMIN HARDWARE EQUIPMENT ONLY ALLOWS THE DISPLAY OF SUCH SERVICE OFFERING, AND THAT ANY
CHANGES BY THE SERVICE PROVIDER MAY INTERFERE WITH THE ABILITY OF YOUR GARMIN HARDWARE
EQUIPMENT TO RECEIVE OR DISPLAY SUCH SERVICE OFFERING. FURTHER, SUCH SERVICE OFFERING CONTAINS
INFORMATION FURNISHED BY OTHERS WHO ARE NOT UNDER THE CONTROL OF GARMIN, AND THEREFORE
THE SERVICE OFFERING IS ACCORDINGLY FURNISHED WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY OF GARMIN, EXPRESS OR
IMPLIED, INCLUDING WITHOUT LIMITATION, IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A
PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
GPS
Navigation
Hardware and required monthly subscription sold separately. USER ACKNOWLEDGES THAT GARMIN HAS NO
CONTROL OVER THE TERMS AND REQUIREMENTS OF THE SUBSCRIPTION. COMPATABILITY OF HARDWARE
EQUIPMENT WITH THEN-CURRENT SUBSCRIPTION OFFERING OF SERVICE PROVIDER IS ALSO BEYOND
GARMIN’S CONTROL. GARMIN SHALL HAVE NO LIABILITY IF CHANGES IN SERVICE PROVIDER’S SUBCRIPTION
OFFERING NEGATIVELY IMPACTS OR RENDERS IMPOSSIBLE THE USE OF PURCHASED GARMIN HARDWARE
EQUIPMENT WITH THE SERVICE PROVIDER’S OFFERING IN THE FUTURE. Subscription fee is consumer only. Other
fees and taxes, including a one-time activation fee may apply. All programming fees and weather data subject
to change. Sirius XM weather data and individual product availability vary by hardware equipment. Reception
of the Sirius XM signal may vary depending on location. Subscriptions subject to Customer Agreement included
with the Sirius XM Welcome Kit and available at www.siriusxm.com. USER ACKNOWLEDGES THAT GARMIN IS
AN INTENDED THIRD PARTY BENEFICIARY OF SUCH CUSTOMER AGREEMENT, AND THAT ALL DISCLAIMERS
CONTAINED THEREIN EQUALLY APPLY AS IF SUCH DISCLAIMERS WERE MADE DIRECTLY BY GARMIN. Available
only in the 48 contiguous United States.
Index
190-02472-00 Rev. A
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
357
Appendix I
If you use XM Services it is your responsibility to exercise prudent discretion and observe all safety measures
required by law and your own common sense. You assume the entire risk related to your use of the Services.
XM and Garmin assume no responsibility for accidents resulting from or associated with use of the Services.
Your Radio Service includes traffic and weather information, and you acknowledge that such information is not
for “safety for life”, but is merely supplemental and advisory in nature, and therefore cannot be relied upon as
safety-critical in connection with any aircraft, sea craft or automobile usage. This information is provided “as is”
and XM and Garmin disclaim any and all warranties, express and implied, with respect thereto or the transmission
or reception thereof. XM and Garmin further do not warrant the accuracy, reliability, completeness or timeliness
of the traffic and weather information disclosed on the Radio Service. In no event will XM and Garmin, their data
suppliers, service providers, marketing/distribution, software or Internet partners or hardware manufacturers be
liable to you or to any third party for any direct, indirect, incidental, consequential, special, exemplary or punitive
damages or lost profits resulting from use of or interruptions in the transmission or reception of the Services.
LIMITS ON OUR RESPONSIBILITY
a) DISCLAIMERS.
EXCEPT AS EXPRESSLY PROVIDED HEREIN, WE MAKE NO WARRANTY OR REPRESENTATION, EITHER EXPRESS
OR IMPLIED, REGARDING THE RADIO SERVICE. YOUR USE OF THE SERVICE IS AT YOUR SOLE RISK. THE CONTENT
AND FUNCTIONALITY OF THE SERVICE IS PROVIDED “AS IS” WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS
OR IMPLIED. ALL SUCH WARRANTIES OR REPRESENTATIONS (INCLUDING, WITHOUT LIMITATION, THE IMPLIED
WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, TITLE AND NON-INFRINGEMENT)
ARE HEREBY DISCLAIMED.
b) LIMITATIONS OF LIABILITY.
WE ARE NOT RESPONSIBLE FOR ANY SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES OR LOSSES
RELATING TO THE USE OF THE RADIO SERVICE, WHETHER BASED ON NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE. OUR TOTAL
LIABILITY TO YOU AND ANY OTHER PERSONS RECEIVING OUR SERVICES, REGARDLESS OF THE CAUSE, WILL IN
NO EVENT EXCEED THE AMOUNTS THAT YOU HAVE PAID TO US FOR THE SERVICE THAT YOU RECEIVED DURING
THE SIX (6) MONTH PERIOD IMMEDIATELY PRIOR TO THE SPECIFIC EVENT THAT GAVE RISE TO THE APPLICABLE
DAMAGE OR LOSS. THIS ALLOCATION OF RISK IS REFLECTED IN OUR PRICES. YOU MAY HAVE GREATER RIGHTS
THAN DESCRIBED ABOVE UNDER YOUR STATE’S LAWS
This product was developed using DAFIF™, a product of the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency.
This product has not been endorsed or otherwise approved by the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency, or the
United States Department of Defense (10 U.S.C. 425)
a. Under 10 U.S.C. 456, no civil action may be brought against the United States on the basis of the content
of a navigational aid prepared or disseminated by either the former Defense Mapping Agency (DMA), National
Imagery and Mapping Agency (NIMA), or the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (NGA).
b. The DAFIF™ product is provided “as is,” and no warranty, express or implied, including, but not limited to the
implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for particular purpose or arising by statute or otherwise in law or
from a course of dealing or usage in trade, is made by NGA as to the accuracy and functioning of the product.
c. Neither NGA nor its personnel will be liable for any claims, losses, or damages arising from or connected with
the use of this product. The user agrees to hold harmless the United States National Geospatial-Intelligence
Agency. The user’s sole and exclusive remedy is to stop using the DAFIF product.
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
USER SAFETY
358
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
190-02472-00 Rev. A
Index
Flight
Instruments
EIS
CNS
Interface
B
Annun/Alerts
Appendix
Data Bar Fields 31, 303
Databases 326
Updating 329
AFCS
D
Additional
Features
CDI source 59
Chart Not Available 226, 230
COM frequency box 90
Command Bars 262
Comparator Window 300
Compass Arc 101
Course Deviation Indicator (CDI) 59
Crew Alerting System (CAS) 80, 84, 85,
298
Current Icing Product (CIP) 174
Hazard
Avoidance
C
Flight
Planning
Barometric setting, Altimeter 45, 51–52
Basemap 327
Bearing/Distance, Measuring 108, 109,
111, 113
Bearing source 61
Bluetooth 242
GPS
Navigation
Acquiring Satellites 28
Active frequency 90
ADS-B 206
ADS-B In 198
ADS-B Out 198
ADS-B participating 198
ADS-R 199
Air Data Computer (ADC) 3
AIRMET 169
Airport
Review 120
Weather 124
Airspace 105, 128
Alerts 129
Selecting and Viewing 128
Smart 129
Airspeed Indicator 46
Airways 117
Reviewing 118
Alarms 40, 41, 42
Alerts 291
Altimeter 50–53
Altitude Alerting 53
Altitude Hold Mode (ALT) 268
Altitude Reference 267
AOPA 231
Approach 145
Activating Vectors-to-Final 147
Chart 147
Loading 146
Removing 147
Selecting 146
Approach Mode 284
Attitude and Heading Reference System
(AHRS) 3, 20
Attitude Indicator 48
Automatic Dependent SurveillanceBroadcast 197
Automatic Dependent SurveillanceRebroadcast 199
Automatic Reversion 272
Automatic squelch 93
Autopilot Disconnect 257
Auto-Slewing 68
System
Overview
A
Index
190-02472-00 Rev. A
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
Index-1
Data Entry 22–23
Date & Time 37
Delete
Flight Plans 140, 142
Flight Records 313
Individual Waypoint 143
Direct-to 131
Cancelling 132
Display
Backlighting 30
Overview 11
Symbols 343
E
Echo Tops 162
Engine Indication System (EIS) 77
Engine Manifold Pressure 79
ENG Page 77
Exhaust Gas Temperature 79
F
Field of View 222
FIS-B 199
Flight director (FD) 252
Flight Information Service-Broadcast
199
Flight Instruments 43
Flight Level Change Mode 270
Flight Log 311
Flight Plan 133
Activation 138
Active 135
Adding Waypoints 139
Approaches 145
Copying 142
Creation 135
Data Fields 134
Editing 139
Fuel Flow 141
Inverting 143
Name 140
Speed 140
Waypoints, Adding 139
Flight Plan (FPL) Pages 25
FliteCharts 228
Expiration 231
Range 226, 231
FMS Joystick 12
Freezing Levels 173
Frequencies 88
Fuel Calculator 84
Fuel Flow Indicator 79
Fuel Pressure Indicator 79
Fuel Quantity Indicator 79
Fuel Range Ring 108, 109, 111, 113
G
Garmin Display Unit (GDU) 123
Garmin Sensor Unit (GSU) 3, 6
GBT 198
GDU 370 2
Glidepath Mode (GP) 273
Glideslope Mode 274
GMC 507 6
GMU 44 4
GPS Receiver Status 26
Ground Based Transceivers 198
GTP 59 3, 4, 5, 6
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
Index
Index-2
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
190-02472-00 Rev. A
Index
N
Annun/Alerts
Navigation Mode 279–280
Navigation Source 9, 63
NDBs 124
Nearest
Appendix
Magnetometer 4
AFCS
M
Additional
Features
Lean Assist 80
Legends 155
License Agreement 355
Limited Warranty 355
Line Replaceable Unit (LRU) 1
Location Formats 39, 333
Hazard
Avoidance
L
Flight
Planning
Keyboard 42
GPS
Navigation
K
CNS
Interface
Icing Forecast 174
Information Window 61
Integrated Autopilot
Alerts 301
Disengaging 258
Engaging 257
Intersections 124
Inverting, Flight Plan 144
EIS
I
Flight
Instruments
Hazard Display 339
Heading 45
Heading Line 318
Heading Select Mode 278
Heading Strip 69
Horizontal Situation Indicator (HSI) 45,
57
Annunciations 59
Main Pages 24
Map
Airways 118
Customizing 105
Detail 115
Displays 102
Orientation 103
Panning 108
Range 106
Satellite View 115
Setup 103
Symbols 115, 343
Map Datum 333
MAP Page
Defaults 155
XM Weather 154
Map Range 106
Map Symbols 115
Measuring
Bearing 114
Distance 114
MENU Key 12
Menus 21
Messages
Miscellaneous 291, 292
System 293
METAR 167
Flag Color 167
System
Overview
H
Index
190-02472-00 Rev. A
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
Index-3
Airport 122
Airspaces 128, 129
NDB 124
VORs 125
Nearest Information 122
Nearest Type
Changing 29
NEXRAD 157, 160
NRST Key 12
O
OBS Mode 69
Obstacles 179
Oil Pressure Indicator 79
Oil Temperature Indicator 79
Outside Air Temperature (OAT) 71
P
Pages 23
Flight Plan (FPL) 25
MAIN 24
Panning 108
PFD
Annunciations 298
PIREP 171
Pitch Hold Mode 265
Position 29
Settings 39
Power-up 13
Proximity Waypoints 322
R
Red X 20, 339
Roll Hold Mode 277
Runway Extension line 104
Runway Number 104
S
SafeTaxi 210, 224
Satellite Information 28
Satellite Mosaic 161
Satellite View 115
Secure Digital (SD) Cards 13, 325
Installing 13
Selected Altitude 265, 266, 269
Selected Altitude Capture Mode 265,
266, 269
Selected Ground Track 279
Selected Heading 57, 278
Settings 30
SIGMET 169
SiriusXM 150, 151, 153, 154, 209,
233, 234, 357
Smart Airspace 129
Sound 37
Standard Rate Turn Bank Angle Pointers 49
Standby frequency 90
Storm Cells 166
Supercooled Large Droplet (SLD) 174
Surface Pressure 165
Symbols 115
Synthetic Vision (SVX) 209
System
Annunciations 20
Date & Time 38, 39
Functionality 21
Initialization 13
Power-up 13
Settings 30
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
Index
Index-4
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
190-02472-00 Rev. A
Index
V
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
Vertical Deviation Indicator (VDI) 54
Vertical Navigation Mode (VNAV) 270
Vertical Navigation (VNAV)
Capturing 76
Configuring 75
Vertical Speed Indicator (VSI) 54
Vertical Speed Mode 269
Vertical Speed Reference 269
VNAV Target Altitude Capture Mode
(ALTV) 272
Voltmeter 79
VORs 125
Vspeed Reference 41
Flight
Planning
UAT 198
Universal Access Transceiver 197
User Waypoints 126
Creating 126
Deleting 127
Editing 127
Nearest 127
Renaming 127
GPS
Navigation
Tachometer (RPM) 79
TAFs 167
Takeoff Mode 275
TAS 335
TCAS 335
Temperature Probe 4
Temporary Flight Restrictions (TFRS)
170
Terrain 175, 177
Alerts 180, 181
Annunciations 299
Obstacle Information 179
Shading 178
Views 178
TIS-B 199
Topography 114
Track Log 314
Track Select Mode 279
Traffic Information Service-Broadcast
199
Traffic Information Service (TIS) 183,
335–336
Annunciations 186, 299
Audio Alerts 187
General Information 335
Ground Track 188
Limitations 336
Traffic Warning Window 187, 188
Transponder
Status Box 45
True Airspeed (TAS) 45, 46
Turbulence Forecast 173
CNS
Interface
U
EIS
T
Flight
Instruments
Turn Rate Indicator 45
System
Overview
System ID 329
AFCS
W
Annun/Alerts
Warranty 355
Waypoints 119, 126
Creating 126
User 126
Weather Information 124
Weight & Balance 320
Wind Data 72
Appendix
Index
190-02472-00 Rev. A
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
Index-5
Winds Aloft 163
X
XM
Accessing 153
XM Satellite Radio 233, 235
X Symbol 178
Index
Appendix
Annun/Alerts
AFCS
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS
Navigation
CNS
Interface
EIS
Flight
Instruments
System
Overview
Index
Index-6
Garmin G3X Touch Pilot’s Guide for Certified Aircraft
190-02472-00 Rev. A
Garmin International, Inc.
1200 East 151st Street
Olathe, Kansas 66062, U.S.A.
Garmin Product Support: www.fly.garmin.com
Garmin AT, Inc.
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Garmin Product Support: www.fly.garmin.com
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Garmin Product Support: www.fly.garmin.com
Garmin Corporation
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Garmin Product Support: www.fly.garmin.com
www.garmin.com
© 2019 Garmin Ltd. or its subsidiaries
190-02472-00 Rev. A
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