Garmin | GTN™ 625 | Garmin GTN™ 625 GTN 625/635/650 SW V6.20 Upgrade Supplement

Garmin GTN™ 625 GTN 625/635/650 SW V6.20 Upgrade Supplement
GTN 625/635/650 SOFTWARE v6.20
PILOT’S GUIDE UPGRADE SUPPLEMENT
This supplement contains the pages revised in the GTN 625/635/650 Pilot’s Guide,
P/N 190-01004-03, Rev L, regarding the new features of software v6.20. Change bars
are placed adjacent to the revised information as described in the revision summary table.
This supplement, in combination with the GTN 625/635/650 Pilot’s Guide,
P/N 190-01004-03, Rev K, is equivalent to the GTN 625/635/650 Pilot’s Guide,
P/N 190-01004-03, Rev L.
Current documents are available at https://fly.garmin.com/fly-garmin/support/ for free
download. Printed copies may be purchased by contacting Garmin Customer Support.
NOTE: Depending on which version of software is installed and how
it is configured, the actual features and screen images may differ from
what is shown. For more information regarding feature availability for
specific software versions refer to the GTN 625/635/650 Pilot’s Guide,
P/N 190-01004-03.
GTN 625/635/650 SW v6.20 Pilot’s Guide Upgrade Supplement 190-01004-17 Rev A
© 2016 Garmin Ltd. or its subsidiaries. All rights reserved.
This manual reflects the operation of system software v6.20, or later. Some differences in operation may be observed
when comparing the information in this manual to later software versions.
Garmin International, Inc., 1200 East 151st Street, Olathe, KS 66062, U.S.A.
Tel: 913/397.8200
Fax: 913/397.8282
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Garmin Singapore Pte. Ltd., 46 East Coast Road, #05-06 Eastgate, Singapore 428766
Tel : (65) 63480378
Fax : ( 65 ) 63480278
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GTN 625/635/650 SW v6.20 Pilot’s Guide Upgrade Supplement 190-01004-17 Rev A
GTN 625/635/650 Pilot’s Guide Revision K, Change Summary
Section
Page
1.2.2
1.3.1
1-2
1-3
1.4.1
1-6
1-7
1.4.2
1-8
1-9
Description
Section 1 – Getting Started
Added description of pinch-to-zoom feature to section.
Added Flight Stream 510 to section.
Added information about what displays on start-up screens.
Updated SW & Database Versions & Dates and Panel SelfTest screen shots in figure 1-10.
Updated System Startup Pages screen shot in figure 1-11.
Updated Instrument Panel Self-Test & Fuel Settings page
screen shot in figure 1-12.
Updated Fuel On Board page screen shot in figure 1-13.
Updated Fuel Capacity page screen shot in figure 1-14.
Updated Fuel Flow Setup page screen shot in figure 1-15.
Section 2 – Audio & Transponder Control
2.3
2-10
Added “Telligence Voice Command” section.
Section 4 – Flight Plan
4.3.6
4.3.6.2
4.6
4-30
4-31
4-37
4-38
Rewrote how to delete a flight plan.
Added “Delete All Flight Plans from Catalog” section.
Updated Catalog for Datacard Flight Plan Import screen shot
in figure 4-73.
Rewrote step 3 for clarity.
Section 5 - Direct-To
5.2
5-3
Added information about Direct-To selection and flight plans.
Section 6 - Procedures
6.9
6-16
Changed “Radial” to “Radius” in section heading.
Section 7 - Waypoint Info
7-1
7
7.5
7.7.5
7-2
7-12
7-16
Updated Waypoint Info page screen shot in figure 7-1.
Added VRP information to Waypoint Info Functional Diagram
figure 7-2.
Added “VRP” section.
Added “Delete All User Waypoints” section.
GTN 625/635/650 SW v6.20 Pilot’s Guide Upgrade Supplement 190-01004-17 Rev A
Section
Page
8
8-1
8.1.2
8-8
8.1.2.2
8.1.3
8.6
8-10
8-12
8-19
8-28
8-38
8.7.2
8-40
8.8
8-41
8.1.2.1
Description
Section 8 - Map
Added “Track vector” to bullet list.
Added “Track Vector Length” to Map list in figure 8-10.
Added “VRP Range” to Aviation list in figure 8-10.
Added “Track Vector Length” to table 8-1.
Added “Track Vector” section.
Added VRP Range to table 8-6.
Added Blackout Mode and Backlight to table 8-16.
Added User Waypoint and VRP icons to table 8-18.
Added information on how to select a Hot Spot and updated
SafeTaxi Hot Spot Depiction screen shot in figure 8-47.
Added “Flight Plan Depiction” section.
Section 10 - Terrain
10.2.3
10-2
Rewrote section in its entirety.
Section 11 - Weather
11.3.3.1
12-59
Added a note about auto request can only be enabled on a
GTN directly connected to a GSR 56.
Section 12 - Nearest
12
12-1
12.5
12-6
Added “VRPs” to first sentence of section.
Updated Nearest page screen shot in figure 12-1.
Added VRP to figure 12-2.
Added “Nearest VRP” section.
Section 15 - System
15
15.1.3
15.6
15-2
15-4
15-28
15.11
15-35
15.11.1
15-37
15.13
15-40
Added Voice Command function to figure 15-2.
Rewrote section for clarity.
Added Blackout Mode and Backlight to table 15-10.
Rewrote section for clarity and updated screen shots to
include Flight Stream 510.
Added Connext SMS and phone feature for Flight Stream
units.
Added “Voice Command” section.
GTN 625/635/650 SW v6.20 Pilot’s Guide Upgrade Supplement 190-01004-17 Rev A
Section
Page
17.1
17-1
17.2
17-2
Description
Section 17 - Symbols
Updated table 17-1 with current map symbols.
Updated Under Construction Zones symbol in table 17-2.
Added Hot Spot symbol to table 17-2.
Section 18 - Appendix
18.1
18-8
18.2
18-9
18.5
18-23
Added VRP to glossary.
Rewrote section for clarity and included wireless database
transfer procedure, and database sync sections.
Added “Telligence Voice Command Qualification Procedure”
section.
GTN 625/635/650 SW v6.20 Pilot’s Guide Upgrade Supplement 190-01004-17 Rev A
Foreword
Getting
Started
Audio &
Xpdr Ctrl
Com/Nav
FPL
Direct-To
Proc
Wpt Info
Map
Traffic
Terrain
Pilots will enjoy the GTN 625 as a flexible and powerful navigator, especially
when it is coupled with traffic, lightning detection, and weather interfaces. With
the PC-based FDE prediction program, the GTN 625 may be used for oceanic
or remote operations. For the latest in graphic and text weather information, the
GTN 625 can interface to the SiriusXM Weather Service via the Garmin GDL
69/69A datalink receiver.
1.1.2
GTN 635
The GTN 635 includes all of the features of the GTN 625, and also includes
a TSO’d airborne VHF communications transceiver.
1.1.3
GTN 650
The GTN 650 includes all of the features of the GTN 625, and also includes
a TSO’d airborne VHF communications transceiver and TSO’d airborne VOR/
Localizer and Glideslope receivers.
1.2
1.2.1
About This Pilot's Guide
Conventions
Bold text indicates a control. The small right knob is the smaller, inner knob
of the two concentric rotary knobs on the lower, right corner of the bezel. The
large right knob is the larger, outer knob.
Large, Outer Knob
Weather
Small, Inner Knob
Nearest
Figure 1-1 Large/Small Concentric Knobs
Services/
Music
A graphic of a control on the side of the page refers to the control you should
use for the associated step as shown below.
Utilities
1.2.2
System
Messages
Symbols
Appendix
Using the Touchscreen
Most of the controls are operated by touching the display. Highlighted icons
and keys may be simply touched to make a selection. A list of menu items may
be scrolled by touching the screen and retaining pressure while sliding your
finger up or down. Map displays may be panned by touching the screen and
retaining pressure while sliding your finger in the desired direction. Pinch-tozoom capability is available in software v6.20 or later.
You can return to the previous page or exit the current function
by touching the Back key.
Index
1-2
Garmin GTN 625/635/650 Pilot’s Guide
190-01004-03 Rev. L
Quickly return to the Home page by pressing the HOME key.
Press and Hold the HOME key to reach the Default Nav page.
1.3
Product Description
Getting
Started
This section provides an overview of the GTN 6XX product and a quick look
at some important features. The GTN 6XX presents a full-color moving map
with navigation information to the pilot through a large-format display. Controls
are a combination of rotary knobs and push-keys on the bezel with the color
display providing information as well as a touchscreen controls. The GTN 6XX
has a 600 x 266 pixel, 4.9 inch diagonal LCD display.
Function
Keys
Audio &
Xpdr Ctrl
Com/Nav
FPL
Direct-To
Active Com/Nav Standby Com/Nav
Frequency
Frequency
Volume, Squelch On/
Off, and Nav ID On/Off
Foreword
Proc
Home Page
Wpt Info
HOME Key
Photo Sensor
Datacard
Message
Annunciation
And Key
Direct-To Key
Large and
Small Knobs
Locking
Screw
Map
Traffic
Terrain
Weather
Annunciations
Dual Rotary Knob
Function Hints
Xpdr Panel
Controls (opt)
Nearest
Figure 1-2 GTN 650 Front Panel
1.3.1
Services/
Music
Datacard
The GTN 6XX uses a Secure Digital (SD) card or Flight Stream 510 to load
and store various types of data. The datacard is required for Terrain, FliteChart,
and Chartview database storage and all database updates.
NOTE: Do Not remove or insert the datacard while in flight. Ensure the
GTN 6XX is powered off before inserting or removing a datacard.
Utilities
System
Messages
Symbols
NOTE: For instructions on updating databases, refer to section 18.2.
Appendix
Index
190-01004-03 Rev. L
Garmin GTN 625/635/650 Pilot’s Guide
1-3
Foreword
Getting
Started
Audio &
Xpdr Ctrl
Com/Nav
FPL
Direct-To
Proc
Wpt Info
Map
Traffic
Terrain
Weather
Nearest
Services/
Music
Utilities
System
1.4
Unit Power Up
The GTN 6XX System is integrated with the aircraft electrical system and
receives power directly from electrical busses. The GTN 6XX and supporting
sub-systems include both power-on and continuous built-in test features that
exercise the processor, memory, external inputs, and outputs to ensure safe
operation.
1.4.1
Start-Up Screens
During system initialization, test annunciations are displayed. All system
annunciations should disappear typically within the first 30 seconds after
power-up. Upon power-up, key annunciator lights also become momentarily
illuminated on the GTN 6XX display bezel.
The splash screen displays the following information:
• Copyright
• Database List and System version
• Instrument Panel Self-Test
Current database information includes valid operating dates, cycle number,
and database type. When this information has been reviewed for currency (to
ensure that no databases have expired), the pilot is prompted to continue.
Databases that are not current will be shown in amber.
During the startup process the user may be asked if they would like to update
to newer databases. Additional information on database updates can be found in
section 18.2, Database Information and Updates.
The COM and NAV radios, transponder controls, and GDL 88 control panel
are displayed on the Start-Up screens. Some functions may be unavailable until
after the databases are verified.
Messages
Symbols
1 - Copyright
Appendix
2 - SW & Database
Versions & Dates
Figure 1-10 System Startup Pages
3 - Panel Self-Test
Index
1-6
Garmin GTN 625/635/650 Pilot’s Guide
190-01004-03 Rev. L
1.4.2
Database Verification and Fuel Settings
1. When the System and Database Version page appears, ensure
databases are current. Then, touch Continue.
Ensure
Required
Databases Are
Present And
Current
Software and GPS
Engine Versions
Touch To
Continue To
Self-Test Page
Foreword
Getting
Started
Audio &
Xpdr Ctrl
Com/Nav
FPL
Direct-To
Figure 1-11 System Startup Pages
2. When the Instrument Panel Self-Test and Fuel Setting page
appears, check to ensure that the CDI/HSI outputs and
other displayed data are correct on the external interfaced
equipment.
3. Touch each of the Fuel value keys and set the appropriate
values as desired. Fuel capacity units are selected on the
System - Units page.
Proc
Wpt Info
Map
Traffic
Terrain
Start-Up
Instrument
Panel Test
Conditions
Touch To Set
Current Fuel
Quantity
Weather
Touch To Set
Fuel Flow
Nearest
Touch To Continue
To Home Page
Services/
Music
Figure 1-12 Instrument Panel Self-Test & Fuel Settings Page
Utilities
NOTE: When the GTN is interfaced with a digital fuel computer the pilot
may not be able to manually edit the fuel flow and fuel on board data on
the Self-Test.
System
Messages
Symbols
Appendix
Index
190-01004-03 Rev. L
Garmin GTN 625/635/650 Pilot’s Guide
1-7
4. When the Fuel on Board value is selected, touch the Full or Tabs
keys to display those values after they have been set.
Foreword
Getting
Started
Touch To
Display Fuel
Full Capacity
Audio &
Xpdr Ctrl
Com/Nav
FPL
Touch To
Display Fuel
Tabs Capacity
Touch To
Delete
Characters
Touch To Set
Fuel Full or Tab
Capacity
Touch Keys
To Select Fuel
Capacity Values
Touch To
Accept Fuel on
Board Values
Direct-To
Selected Fuel
on Board
Capacity
Figure 1-13 Fuel On Board Page
Proc
Wpt Info
5. Touch the Set Full/Tabs key to set the fuel values for Fuel
Full Capacity and Fuel Tab Capacity. After setting the fuel
values, touch the Back and then the Enter keys to return to
the Instrument Panel Self Test page.
Map
Traffic
Touch To
Set Fuel Full
Capacity
Terrain
Weather
Nearest
Services/
Music
Touch To
Set Fuel Tab
Capacity
Touch To Return
To Fuel On
Board Display
Utilities
Figure 1-14 Fuel Capacity Setup Page
System
Messages
Symbols
Appendix
Index
1-8
Garmin GTN 625/635/650 Pilot’s Guide
190-01004-03 Rev. L
6. On the Instrument Panel Self Test page, touch the Fuel Flow
key and then use the numeric keypad to set those values. Touch
the Enter key after selecting the Fuel Flow values.
Touch To
Delete
Characters
Selected Fuel
Flow Value
Touch Keys To Select
Fuel Flow Values
Touch To
Accept Fuel
Flow Values
Touch To Cancel
Selection And Return
To Previous Page
Figure 1-15 Fuel Flow Setup Page
Foreword
Getting
Started
Audio &
Xpdr Ctrl
Com/Nav
FPL
Direct-To
7. After returning to the Instrument Panel Self-Test page and the
fuel values have been set, touch the Continue key to advance
to the Home page.
Proc
Wpt Info
Map
Traffic
Terrain
Weather
Figure 1-16 Home Page
Nearest
Services/
Music
Utilities
System
Messages
Symbols
Appendix
Index
190-01004-03 Rev. L
Garmin GTN 625/635/650 Pilot’s Guide
1-9
Foreword
Getting
Started
Audio &
Xpdr Ctrl
Com/Nav
FPL
Direct-To
Proc
Wpt Info
Map
Traffic
2.3
Garmin's Telligence Voice Command voice recognition feature allows
the pilot (and optionally copilot) to control the GTN 6XX connected to a
GMA 350 using spoken commands. To activate Voice Recognition, push and
hold the Push-to-Command (PTC) switch while speaking a command. When
the Push-to-Command switch is released, the GTN 6XX and/or the audio panel
will respond.
If a command is understood by the GMA, a positive acknowledgement
chime will be played, and the relevant information will be displayed to reflect
the change (if applicable). The pilot should verify that the correct response has
occurred.
If a command is not understood by the GMA or the GTN is unable to
complete the requested action, a negative acknowledge tone will be played. The
pilot should repeat the command by using the Push-to-Command switch, or by
manually using the GTN 6XX touch screen. In the event of any abnormal Voice
Recognition operation, the front panel controls and touch screen may be used to
override Voice Recognition and manually control the GTN 6XX.
NOTE: If Telligence Voice Command malfunctions and needs to be disabled,
remove power to the GMA 350 audio panel. This will force the audio panel
into the fail-safe mode. The pilot will be able to communicate using the
COM 2 radio only.
Terrain
Weather
Nearest
Services/
Music
TelligenceTM Voice Command
The available voice recognition commands are listed in GTN 6XX/7XX Telligence Voice
Command Guide, P/N 190-01007-50.
Utilities
System
Messages
Symbols
Appendix
Index
2-10
Garmin GTN 625/635/650 Pilot’s Guide
190-01004-03 Rev. L
Foreword
4.3.5.6
Getting
Started
Catalog Route Option - Delete
1. While viewing the Flight Plan Catalog page, touch the desired
flight plan to select it. The Route Options menu will be
displayed.
Audio &
Xpdr Ctrl
Com/Nav
FPL
Selected Waypoint
Touch To Delete
Flight Plan
Direct-To
Figure 4-57 Select Flight Plan from the Catalog to Delete
2. Touch the Delete key and then touch OK.
Proc
Wpt Info
Map
Traffic
Terrain
Weather
Nearest
Figure 4-58 Delete the Selected Flight Plan from the Catalog
4.3.6
Delete Flight Plan
There are three ways to delete a flight plan.
1. Remove a selected flight plan from the catalog.
Services/
Music
2.
Remove all flight plans from the catalog.
Utilities
3.
Remove all waypoints from the active flight plan.
System
4.3.6.1
Messages
Delete Flight Plan from Catalog
1. While viewing the Flight Plan page, touch the Menu key, and
then the View Catalog key. The list of currently stored flight
plans will be displayed.
Symbols
Appendix
Index
4-30
Garmin GTN 625/635/650 Pilot’s Guide
190-01004-03 Rev. L
2. Touch one of the flight plans to select it.
Foreword
Getting
Started
Touch Delete
To Remove
The Waypoint
From The
Catalog
Selected Waypoint
Figure 4-59 Select a Flight Plan from the Catalog
Audio &
Xpdr Ctrl
Com/Nav
FPL
3. Touch Delete and then the OK key. The selected flight plan
will be removed from the Catalog.
Direct-To
Proc
Wpt Info
Map
Traffic
Figure 4-60 Delete a Flight Plan from the Catalog
4.3.6.2
Terrain
Delete All Flight Plans from Catalog
NOTE: This feature is available in software v6.20 or later.
Weather
1. While viewing the Flight Plan Catalog, touch the Menu key
to open the Flight Plan Catalog Menu.
Nearest
Services/
Music
Utilities
Touch to
Delete All
Flight Plans
Pending
System
Messages
Symbols
Touch to Delete All
Catalog Flight Plans
Appendix
Figure 4-61 Flight Plan Catalog Menu
190-01004-03 Rev. L
Garmin GTN 625/635/650 Pilot’s Guide
Index
4-31
2. Touch Delete All to remove all flight plans in the catalog.
Foreword
3. Touch Delete Pending to remove all flight plans pending
preview in the catalog.
Getting
Started
Audio &
Xpdr Ctrl
4.3.6.3
Com/Nav
Delete Active Flight Plan
1. While viewing the Active Flight Plan page, touch the Menu
key, and then the Delete Flight Plan key.
FPL
Direct-To
Proc
Wpt Info
Map
Figure 4-62 Delete a Flight Plan from the Active Flight Plan
Traffic
2. Touch OK to clear the waypoints from the Active Flight Plan.
The flight plan will not be removed from the Catalog.
Terrain
Weather
Nearest
Services/
Music
Utilities
System
Messages
Symbols
Appendix
Index
4-32
Garmin GTN 625/635/650 Pilot’s Guide
190-01004-03 Rev. L
4.6
Import Flight Plans with a Datacard
Flight plans can be created on a computer using compatible flight planning
software and saved to the datacard to be imported into the GTN. The imported
flight plans can then be activated or stored to the flight plan catalog once they
are previewed by the pilot.
NOTE: Flight plans over 99 waypoints long are truncated at 99 waypoints
and the last waypoint in the imported/uploaded flight plan may not be the
destination airport.
NOTE: This feature is available in software v5.10 and later.
Foreword
Getting
Started
Audio &
Xpdr Ctrl
Com/Nav
FPL
Direct-To
NOTE: The flight plan file format used by the GTN is different than the file
format used by the GNS 400W/500W Series navigators.
1. While viewing the Flight Plan page, touch the Menu key and
then the Catalog key to display the Flight Plan Catalog.
Proc
Wpt Info
Map
Traffic
Terrain
Touch To Import
Flight Plan
Weather
Nearest
Figure 4-73 Catalog for Datacard Flight Plan Import
Services/
Music
Utilities
System
Messages
Symbols
Appendix
Index
190-01004-03 Rev. L
Garmin GTN 625/635/650 Pilot’s Guide
4-37
Foreword
2. An Import key will be present in the menu bar when flight
plans are present on the datacard. Touch the Import key to
open a pop-up with a list of the file names of the flight plans
on the datacard.
Getting
Started
Audio &
Xpdr Ctrl
Touch To Import
Flight Plan From
Datacard
Com/Nav
FPL
Direct-To
Figure 4-74 Flight Plan To Import From Datacard
Proc
3. Select the desired flight plan to import.
4. Press Store to save the flight plan to the catalog. Press
Activate to make the imported flight plan the active route.
Wpt Info
Map
Traffic
Terrain
Touch To Make
The Imported
Flight Plan The
Active Route
Touch To Store To
Save Flight Plan
To The Catalog
Figure 4-75 Route Options For Datacard Flight Plan Import
Weather
Nearest
Services/
Music
Utilities
System
Messages
Symbols
Appendix
Index
4-38
Garmin GTN 625/635/650 Pilot’s Guide
190-01004-03 Rev. L
5.2
Direct-To a Flight Plan Waypoint
Foreword
The Direct-To selection is not available for all flight plan entries. Some flight
plans entries including holds and course reversals cannot be selected for DirectTo. Instead, select the associated waypoint for the Direct-To function.
1. Press the Direct-To key on the right side of the unit.
Getting
Started
Audio &
Xpdr Ctrl
Com/Nav
2. Touch the FPL tab on the left side of the Direct-To window.
FPL
Flight Plan
Waypoint List
Flight Plan Tab
Direct-To
Proc
Touch Waypoint
Key To Select
Wpt Info
Figure 5-4 Direct-To Flight Plan Leg Selection
3. Touch the leg of your flight plan you want to use. The Direct-To
Waypoint page will display information about the selected flight plan
waypoint.
Map
Traffic
Terrain
Waypoint Tab
Waypoint Detail
Touch To Select
A Specific Course
Weather
Touch To Activate
Direct-To Nav To
This Waypoint
Nearest
Figure 5-5 Selected Direct-To Flight Plan Leg
4. Touch the Activate key or press the small right knob to
activate the selection.
Services/
Music
Utilities
System
Messages
5. The Map page will now be displayed with the new Direct-To
course.
Symbols
Appendix
Index
190-01004-03 Rev. L
Garmin GTN 625/635/650 Pilot’s Guide
5-3
Foreword
Getting
Started
Audio &
Xpdr Ctrl
6.9
Radius-to-Fix (RF) Approaches
RF legs associated with RNAV RNP 1.0 non-AR (Approval Required)
approaches are supported by the GTN in v6.00, or later, when approved by the
installation.
• AC 90-101A defines RF leg as “a constant radius circular path, around a
defined turn center, that starts and terminates at a fix. An RF leg may be
published as part of a procedure.”
Com/Nav
FPL
• Flying the RF leg of an approach is similar to flying a DME arc approach.
All GTN annunciations and indications are identical whether flying DME
arcs or RF legs with the GTN.
Direct-To
• RF legs may have a larger or smaller radius than DME arcs.
Proc
• Unlike DME arcs, RF legs are not based on a VOR.
Wpt Info
• Refer to the aircraft AFMS for specific details regarding RF legs for a
specific aircraft.
Map
Traffic
Terrain
Weather
Nearest
6.10
Vectors to Final
With “Vectors-To-Final” (VTF) selected, the CDI needle remains off center
until you’re established on the final approach course. With the approach
activated, the Map Page displays an extension of the final approach course in
magenta (remember, magenta is used to depict the active leg of the flight plan)
and “vtf” appears as part of the active leg on the Map page (as a reminder that
the approach was activated with vectors-to-final).
Services/
Music
NOTE: In software v5.13 and earlier, once VTF is activated all waypoints in
the approach prior to the FAF are removed.
Utilities
NOTE: In software v6.00 and later, all waypoints along the final approach
course, including waypoints before the FAF, are included in the flight plan and
the final approach course to the FAF is activated.
System
Messages
Symbols
Appendix
Index
6-14
Garmin GTN 625/635/650 Pilot’s Guide
190-01004-03 Rev. L
7
WAYPOINT INFO
Foreword
The Waypoint Info function allows you to view information about the selected
waypoint. The Waypoint Info page can be reached from the Home page, selected
from a flight plan, or selected from the Nearest page.
Getting
Started
Audio &
Xpdr Ctrl
Com/Nav
FPL
Touch The Key To Display
Waypoint Type
Direct-To
Proc
Wpt Info
Figure 7-1 Waypoint Info Page
Map
Traffic
Terrain
Weather
Nearest
Services/
Music
Utilities
System
Messages
Symbols
Appendix
Index
190-01004-03 Rev. L
Garmin GTN 625/635/650 Pilot’s Guide
7-1
System
Messages
Traffic
Select VRP
Preview
Proc
Wpt Info
Select NDB
Preview
Nearest
Utilities
Appendix
7-2
Preview
Comment
Position Type
Lat/Lon
Lat/Lon
Radial/Radial
Ref Wpt - Rad
Radial/Dist
Ref Wpt - Rad - Dis
Temporary?
Create
Edit
Delete
User Wpt Import
View All
Direct-To
Name
FPL
Name
Com/Nav
Garmin GTN 625/635/650 Pilot’s Guide
NOTAMs
Weather
Select VOR
Preview
Frequency
Audio &
Xpdr Ctrl
Wx Data
Metars
Forecast
TAF
Services/
Music
Select INT
Preview
Getting
Started
Runways
Runway
PCL
Frequencies
Info
Preview
Procedures
Foreword
Map
Terrain
Symbols
Figure 7-2 Waypoint Info Functional Diagram
Index
190-01004-03 Rev. L
Foreword
7.5
NOTE: This feature is available in software v6.20 or later.
Getting
Started
NOTE: Visual Reporting Point database coverage is not available in all
regions.
Audio &
Xpdr Ctrl
Com/Nav
FPL
Direct-To
Proc
Wpt Info
Map
VRP
The VRP (Visual Reporting Point) page of the Waypoint Info function provides
information about the VRP. The top area shows the Lat/Lon coordinates of the
VRP and the bearing (with direction arrow) and distance to the VRP from your
present position. Select another Waypoint by touching the Waypoint Identifier
key, entering the characters for the desired name with the alphanumeric keypad,
and then touching the Enter key. You may also search through the list by
touching the Find key and then choosing from the existing list of waypoints by
touching the desired waypoint from the list. The center area of the page shows a
map with the VRP in the center.
1. While viewing the Waypoint Info page, touch the VRP key.
Distance & Bearing From
Current Position
Traffic
Terrain
VRP Identifier,
Symbol, & Name
Weather
VRP Location &
Region
VRP Lat/Lon
Nearest Airport
Information
Nearest
Services/
Music
Map Scale
Utilities
Figure 7-18 Waypoint Info - Visual Reporting Point
2. Use the In and Out keys to zoom in and out on the map. You
can touch the map window and while lightly pressing the
display, drag your finger to move the map view.
System
Messages
Symbols
Appendix
Index
7-12
Garmin GTN 625/635/650 Pilot’s Guide
190-01004-03 Rev. L
Foreword
7.7.5
Delete All User Waypoints
1. While viewing the Wapoint Info page, touch the User
Waypoint Key.
Getting
Started
2. Touch the View List key and then touch the Menu key to
open the User Waypoints Menu.
Audio &
Xpdr Ctrl
Com/Nav
FPL
Direct-To
Touch To Filter
Waypoints to Delete
Proc
Touch To Delete All User
Waypoints
Figure 7-22 User Waypoints Menu
Wpt Info
3. Touch the Filter key to select which type of user waypoints
to delete: All, Basic, or Mark On Target.
Map
4. Touch the Delete All key to delete all of the user waypoints.
Traffic
Terrain
Weather
Nearest
Services/
Music
Utilities
System
Messages
Symbols
Appendix
Index
7-16
Garmin GTN 625/635/650 Pilot’s Guide
190-01004-03 Rev. L
8
MAP
The Map page is used to provide situational awareness in flight. The Map
page can display the following information:
• Topography scale
• Airports, NAVAIDs, airspace,
airways, land data (highways,
• Topography data
cities, lakes, rivers, borders, etc.)
• NEXRAD (or Precip) Weather
with names
(Opt.)
• Wind direction and speed
• Terrain Overlay
• Icons for enabled map features
• Traffic Overlay
• Aircraft icon (with the nose
• Fuel range ring (software v6.00 or
representing present position)
later)
• Nav range ring
• Track vector (SW v6.20 or later)
• Flight plan legs
Active Flight
Plan Leg
Map Menu
Options
North Indicator
Map Orientation
Back to
Previous Page
Nav Range Ring
Map Scale
Aircraft Symbol
(Present Position)
Range Keys
Touch to Zoom
In and Out
Audio &
Xpdr Ctrl
Com/Nav
FPL
Direct-To
Proc
Wpt Info
Traffic
Terrain
Weather
NOTE: The electronic map is an aid to navigation and is designed to
facilitate the use of authorized government charts, not replace them.
Land and water data is provided only as a general reference. The accuracy
of the land and water data is not suitable for use as a primary source of
navigation and should only be used to supplement official government
charts and notices.
The following information describes the ownship symbol
behavior in a helicopter that does not have a source of magnetic
heading information connected to the GTN. When greater than
15 knots groundspeed the map is oriented either north up with
ownship oriented to its current track or track up. When less than
15 kts groundspeed, the directional ownship icon is replaced
with a non-directional icon because it can't be determined if
the rotorcraft is going sideways or backwards. The map will
continue to orient to the current track if the map is selected
Garmin GTN 625/635/650 Pilot’s Guide
Getting
Started
Map
Figure 8-1 Map Page Description
190-01004-03 Rev. L
Foreword
8-1
Nearest
Services/
Music
Utilities
System
Messages
Symbols
Appendix
Index
Messages
Symbols
Appendix
Orientation
North Up Above
Auto Zoom
Auto Zoom Min
Auto Zoom Max
Track Vector Length
Nav Range Ring
Fuel Range Ring
Fuel Reserve Time
Topo Scale
Point Obstacle Rng
Wire Obstacle Rng
Chart Color
Restore Defaults
Services/
Music
Utilities
System
Airport Range
SafeTaxi Diagrams
Runway Extensions
Intersection Range
NDB Range
VOR Range
VRP Range
User Waypoint Range
Airway Range
TFRs
Restore Defaults
Traffic
Terrain
Weather
Road Detail
City Detail
State/Province Names
River/Lake Detail
Restore Defaults
Proc
Wpt Info
Map
Smart Airspace
Show Airspaces
Class B/TMA Range
Class C/TCA Range
Class D Range
Restricted Range
MOA (Military) Range
Other/ADIZ Range
Restore Defaults
Com/Nav
FPL
Direct-To
Range
Type
Restore Defaults
Getting
Started
Audio &
Xpdr Ctrl
Weather Source
Cell Movement
METAR
Cloud Tops
Echo Tops
Lightning
Restore Defaults
Foreword
8.1.2
Index
8-8
Map Setup
Nearest
Figure 8-10 Map Setup Functional Diagram
Garmin GTN 625/635/650 Pilot’s Guide
190-01004-03 Rev. L
Foreword
Getting
Started
Audio &
Xpdr Ctrl
Com/Nav
FPL
Direct-To
8.1.2.1
Map
The Map option defines the behavior and display of information on the Map
page such as: Orientation, North Up Above, Auto Zoom, Nav Range Ring, Topo
Scale, Obstacle Range, and Restore Defaults. The default values are shown in
bold type.
Feature
Orientation
North Up Above
Auto Zoom
Proc
Auto Zoom Min
Wpt Info
Map
Traffic
Terrain
Weather
Nearest
Services/
Music
Utilities
Auto Zoom Max
Track Vector Length
Nav Range Ring
Fuel Range Ring
Fuel Reserve Time
Topo Scale
Point Obstacle Range
Wire Obstacle Range
Restore Defaults
System
Selection
North Up, Track Up, Heading Up
Off, 10 NM, 15 NM, 25 NM, 40 NM, 50 NM, 75 NM,
100 NM, 150 NM, 250 NM
Off, On
250 ft, 400 ft, 500 ft, 750 ft, 1000 ft, 1500 ft, 2500 ft,
0.5 NM, 0.75 NM, 1 NM, 1.5 NM, 2.5 NM, 4 NM, 5
NM, 7.5 NM, 10 NM, 15 NM, 25 NM, 40 NM, 50 NM,
75 NM, 100 NM, 150 NM, 250 NM, 400 NM
250 ft, 400 ft, 500 ft, 750 ft, 1000 ft, 1500 ft, 2500 ft,
0.5 NM, 0.75 NM, 1 NM, 1.5 NM, 2.5 NM, 4 NM, 5 NM,
7.5 NM, 10 NM, 15 NM, 25 NM, 40 NM, 50 NM,
75 NM, 100 NM, 150 NM, 250 NM, 400 NM
OFF, 30 SEC, 60 SEC, 2 MIN, 5 MIN, 10 MIN, 20 MIN
Off, On
Off, On
30 MIN, 45 MIN, 60 MIN, 90 MIN
Off, On
Off, 4 NM, 5 NM, 7.5 NM, 10 NM, 15 NM
Off, 1 NM, 1.5 NM, 2.5 NM
Returns values to original factory settings
Table 8-1 Map Setup Map Options
Messages
Symbols
Appendix
Index
8-10
Garmin GTN 625/635/650 Pilot’s Guide
190-01004-03 Rev. L
Foreword
Getting
Started
Audio &
Xpdr Ctrl
Com/Nav
• a point is reached where the Auto Zoom range matches the manual override
range (known as auto-sync) and will be noted as “Auto” above the map
range value on the map page
• Auto Zoom is toggled off and back on in the Map Setup page
1. While viewing the Map Setup - Map selection, touch the Auto
Zoom key to toggle it On or Off.
2. When Auto Zoom is On the Auto Zoom Min and Max values
will be used.
FPL
Direct-To
Proc
NOTE: Rotorcraft use a Local Auto Zoom function where Auto Zoom will remain
at the 1500 ft zoom scale until the rotorcraft is above 400 ft GSL or 40 kts.
Auto Zoom Min
Set the limit that the display will zoom in automatically.
Wpt Info
Selected Minimum
Auto Zoom Range
Map
Traffic
Figure 8-14 Map Setup Minimum Auto Zoom Range
Terrain
Weather
Auto Zoom Max
Set the limit that the display will zoom out automatically.
Nearest
Selected Maximum
Auto Zoom Range
Services/
Music
Utilities
System
Messages
Symbols
Appendix
Figure 8-15 Map Setup Maximum Auto Zoom Range
Track Vector
NOTE: This feature is available in software v6.20 and later.
When turned on, the track vector is depicted as a cyan line extending
from the nose of the aircraft in the direction of movement. The length of
the track vector represents the path the aircraft will follow if the present
speed and direction are maintained for the time configured in the Track
Vector Length setting.
Index
8-12
Garmin GTN 625/635/650 Pilot’s Guide
190-01004-03 Rev. L
Foreword
Track Vector
Getting
Started
Audio &
Xpdr Ctrl
Figure 8-16 Track Vector
Nav Range Ring
When turned on, the Nav Range Ring option will show a ring with a compass
rose oriented to magnetic north around your present position on the Map page.
Com/Nav
FPL
Direct-To
Nav Range Ring
Proc
Current Position
Nav Range Ring Range
Wpt Info
Map
Figure 8-17 Nav Range Ring
Fuel Range Ring
Traffic
NOTE: This feature is available in software v6.00 and later.
Terrain
When interfaced with a fuel computer, the GTN can display a fuel range ring
which shows an estimate of the remaining flight distance at the current fuel
consumption rate and groundspeed. If either fuel quantity or fuel flow sensor
data is not received, the GTN will use the Fuel on Board or Fuel Flow values
on the Utilities – Fuel Planning page. If both fuel quantity and fuel flow are not
received by the GTN, the Fuel Range Ring will be removed. A dashed green
circle indicates the selected range to reserve fuel. A solid yellow circle indicates
the total endurance range.
Total Endurance Range
Weather
Nearest
Services/
Music
Utilities
System
Total Endurance Time
Messages
Time To Reserve Fuel
Range To Reserve Fuel
Symbols
Appendix
Figure 8-18 Fuel Range Ring
190-01004-03 Rev. L
Garmin GTN 625/635/650 Pilot’s Guide
Index
8-13
8.1.2.2
Aviation
The Aviation group selection from the Map Setup Page Menu allows you
to customize the display of Active Flight Plan, Active Flight Plan Waypoints,
Airport size range, SafeTaxi information, Runway Extensions, Intersection/NDB
locations, VOR locations, Airspace Detail, and TFR icons on the Map page. The
feature will be shown at map ranges of the selected value and lower. The options
for each feature are shown in the following table. The default values are shown
in bold type.
Feature
Selection
Off, 7.5 NM, 10 NM, 15 NM, 25 NM, 40 NM, 50 NM, 75 NM,
Airport Range
100 NM, 150 NM
Heliports (Optional) Off, On
Off, 1000 ft, 1500 ft, 2500 ft, 0.5 NM, 0.75 NM, 1 NM,
SafeTaxi Diagrams
1.5 NM
Runway Extensions Off, 1 NM, 1.5 NM, 2.5 NM, 4 NM, 5 NM
Off, 0.75 NM, 1 NM, 1.5 NM, 2.5 NM, 4 NM, 5 NM, 7.5 NM,
Intersection Range
10 NM
Off, 0.75 NM, 1 NM, 1.5 NM, 2.5 NM, 4 NM, 5 NM,
NDB Range
7.5 NM, 10 NM
Off, 10 NM, 15 NM, 25 NM, 40 NM, 50 NM, 75 NM,
VOR Range
100 NM
Off, 0.75 NM, 1 NM, 1.5 NM, 2.5 NM, 4 NM, 5 NM, 7.5 NM,
VRP Range
10 NM
Off, 0.75 NM, 1 NM, 1.5 NM, 2.5 NM, 4 NM, 5 NM, 7.5 NM,
User Wpt Range
10 NM, 15 NM, 25 NM, 40 NM, 50 NM, 75 NM, 100 NM
Airspace Detail
None, Least, Less, Normal, More, Most
Airway Range
2.5 NM, 4 NM, 5 NM, 7.5 NM, 10 NM, 15 NM, 25 NM
TFR
Off, On
Restore Defaults
Returns values to original factory settings
Table 8-6 Map Setup Aviation Options
Foreword
Getting
Started
Audio &
Xpdr Ctrl
Com/Nav
FPL
Direct-To
Proc
Wpt Info
Map
Traffic
Terrain
Weather
Nearest
Services/
Music
Utilities
System
Messages
Symbols
NOTE: The term “intersection range” means any GPS waypoint included
in the navigation database, and includes waypoints that may not be
intersections of two VOR radials.
Appendix
Index
190-01004-03 Rev. L
Garmin GTN 625/635/650 Pilot’s Guide
8-19
Map Page Field Type
Foreword
Blackout Mode
DFLT NAV - Default Navigation
Flight Plan - Flight Plan Page
Map - Map Page
Nearest - Nearest Page
NEAR APT - Nearest Airport Page
PROC - Procedures Page
Approach - Approach Page
Arrival - Arrival Page
Departure - Departure Page
Backlight - Backlight Page
Services - Services Page
Traffic - Traffic Page
Terrain - Terrain Page
Getting
Started
Audio &
Xpdr Ctrl
Com/Nav
FPL
Direct-To
Proc
Wpt Info
Map
Table 8-16 Map Page Field Types of Information
Traffic
Terrain
Weather
Nearest
Utilities - Utilities Page
Checklist - Checklist Page
Fuel PLAN - Fuel Planning Page
SCHED MSG - Scheduled Messages
Trip PLAN - Trip Planning Page
VCALC - VCALC Page
User FREQ - User Frequencies
WPT INFO - Waypoint Information
Weather - Weather Page
CNXT WX - Connext WX Page
FIS-B WX - FIS-B Weather Page
Stormscope - Stormscope Page
SiriusXM WX - Sirius XM WX Page
OFF - Do Not Display Page Field
8.1.4
Map Detail
The Map Detail feature allows four levels of decluttering to remove map
information. The declutter level is displayed in the DCLTR key. There are four
levels of decluttering. Level 0 shows the most detail and level 3 shows the least
detail.
Services/
Music
Utilities
System
Messages
0
Symbols
1
2
3
Figure 8-34 Map Detail (Declutter) Levels
Appendix
Index
8-28
Garmin GTN 625/635/650 Pilot’s Guide
190-01004-03 Rev. L
Foreword
Getting
Started
Audio &
Xpdr Ctrl
Com/Nav
8.6
Map Symbols
Various symbols are used to distinguish between waypoint types. The identifiers
for any on-screen waypoints can also be displayed. Special-use and controlled
airspace boundaries appear on the map, showing the individual sectors in the case
of Class B, Class C, or Class D airspace. The following symbols are used to depict
the various airports and navaids on the Map Page:
Symbol
FPL
Description
Airport with hard surface runway(s); Serviced, Primary runway shown
Airport with hard surface runway(s); Non-Serviced, Primary runway
shown
Airport with soft surface runway(s) only, Serviced
Direct-To
Proc
Wpt Info
Airport with soft surface runway(s) only, Non-Serviced
Map
Unknown Airport
Traffic
Restricted (Private) Airfield
Terrain
Intersection
Weather
VOR
VORTAC
Nearest
VOR/DME
Services/
Music
TACAN
Utilities
DME
System
NDB
Locator Outer Marker
Messages
Heliport
Symbols
User Waypoint
Appendix
VRP
Index
Table 8-18 Map Symbols
8-38
Garmin GTN 625/635/650 Pilot’s Guide
190-01004-03 Rev. L
Foreword
Getting
Started
8.7.2
Hot Spot Information
Hot Spots can contain more information about the area that can be displayed
when shown. To view more information touch the Hot Spot on the moving map.
Audio &
Xpdr Ctrl
Touch to View
Hot Spot Info
Hot Spot
Location
Com/Nav
FPL
Figure 8-47 SafeTaxi Hot Spot Detail and Outline
Direct-To
Proc
Wpt Info
Map
Traffic
Terrain
Weather
Nearest
Services/
Music
8.7.3
SafeTaxi® Cycle Number and Revision
The SafeTaxi database is revised every 56 days. SafeTaxi is always available
for use after the expiration date. When turning on the GTN 6XX, the Power-up
Page indicates whether the databases are current, out of date, or not available.
The Power-up Page shows the SafeTaxi database is current when the “SafeTaxi
Expires” date is shown in white. When the SafeTaxi cycle has expired, the
“SafeTaxi Expires” date appears in yellow. The message “unknown” appears in
white if no SafeTaxi data is available on the database card.
The SafeTaxi Region, Version, Cycle, Effective date and Expires date of the
database cycle can also be found on the System - System Status page. SafeTaxi
information appears in white and yellow text. The EFFECTIVE date appears in
white when data is current and in yellow when the current date is before the
effective date. The EXPIRES date appears in white when data is current and in
yellow when expired. SafeTaxi REGION NOT AVAILABLE appears in white if
SafeTaxi data is not available on the database card.
Utilities
System
Messages
Symbols
Appendix
Index
8-40
Garmin GTN 625/635/650 Pilot’s Guide
190-01004-03 Rev. L
8.8
Flight Plan Depiction
Foreword
When a flight plan is present, it will be depicted on the GTN maps.
Flight plan leg colors are used to indicate past, active, or future flight plan
segments. A thin light gray line indicates a previous flight plan segment. A bold
magenta line indicates an active flight plan segment for which the navigator is
providing guidance. A bold white line indicates future flight plan segments.
Missed approach procedures are depicted with a thin white line to indicate that
they are an upcoming segment of the flight plan, but will not become navigable
without the pilot specifically activating the missed approach procedure.
Getting
Started
Audio &
Xpdr Ctrl
Com/Nav
FPL
Flight plan labels are white boxes with black borders and black text to
indicate they are fixes in the flight plan. If the waypoint is the ative waypoint in
the flight plan, the border and text are magenta.
Direct-To
All holding patterns and procedure turns are depicted with the same
coloration as all other flight plan segments. Entries are depicted with segmented
arrows to indicate which direction in which the course guidance will be given.
This is used for both hold entry and procedure turn course reversals. Once a
hold becomes active the entry guidance is removed from the map and only the
active hold is depicted.
Wpt Info
Headings to fly are depicted as directional arrows with spaces between
them and the label "Vectors" or "MANSEQ" to indicate what the pilot might
expect while flying the heading depicted. "MANSEQ" is "Manual Sequencing"
abbreviated and denotes that the procedure is complete upon reaching that
heading and that no other guidance will be given from the navigator without
pilot interaction.
The following illustrates the flight plan segments as presented on the GTN
maps.
Proc
Map
Traffic
Terrain
Weather
Nearest
Services/
Music
Utilities
System
Messages
Symbols
Appendix
Index
190-01004-03 Rev. L
Garmin GTN 625/635/650 Pilot’s Guide
8-41
Foreword
GTN provides guidance in the hold at WIGAN intersecction
Getting
Started
Audio &
Xpdr Ctrl
Com/Nav
FPL
Direct-To
Proc
Wpt Info
Map
Traffic
Terrain
Figure 8-48 Active Hold
In this case the teardrop entry for the hold at WIGAN is being depicted.
Upon reaching the holding fix inbound, the entry arrows will be removed from
the map and the dotted holding pattern will become active with magenta arrows.
Weather
Nearest
Services/
Music
Utilities
System
Messages
Symbols
Appendix
Figure 8-49 Holding Pattern Entry
Index
8-42
Garmin GTN 625/635/650 Pilot’s Guide
190-01004-03 Rev. L
The active flight plan leg is WARIC to WHATE as indicated by the magenta
line to the magenta labeled waypoint.
Foreword
Getting
Started
Audio &
Xpdr Ctrl
Com/Nav
FPL
Direct-To
Proc
Wpt Info
Figure 8-50 Active and Future Flight Plan Segments
Map
The active leg is the course to OCITY intersection. After OCITY the flight
plan depicts a turn to 100° for vectors.
Traffic
Terrain
Weather
Nearest
Services/
Music
Utilities
System
Messages
Figure 8-51 Active Leg to Vectors
Symbols
Appendix
Index
190-01004-03 Rev. L
Garmin GTN 625/635/650 Pilot’s Guide
8-43
Foreword
Previous legs are light gray, active leg is magenta.
Getting
Started
Audio &
Xpdr Ctrl
Com/Nav
FPL
Direct-To
Proc
Wpt Info
Map
Traffic
Figure 8-52 Exiting the Hold
The leg outbound from LOS is active and indicates a procedure turn. When
inbound from the procedure turn the inbound segment will become active and
LSO will still be the active waypoint.
Terrain
Weather
Nearest
Services/
Music
Utilities
System
Messages
Figure 8-53 Active Procedure Turn
Symbols
Appendix
Index
8-44
Garmin GTN 625/635/650 Pilot’s Guide
190-01004-03 Rev. L
A flight plan along T295 with previous, the active leg, and the future legs
depicted.
Foreword
Getting
Started
Audio &
Xpdr Ctrl
Com/Nav
FPL
Direct-To
Proc
Wpt Info
Map
Figure 8-54 Past, Active, and Future Flight Plan Segments
Active Heading Leg
Traffic
Terrain
Weather
Nearest
Services/
Music
Utilities
System
Messages
Figure 8-55 Active Heading Leg (Vectors)
Symbols
Appendix
Index
190-01004-03 Rev. L
Garmin GTN 625/635/650 Pilot’s Guide
8-45
Foreword
Active Flight Plan Leg
Getting
Started
Audio &
Xpdr Ctrl
Com/Nav
FPL
Direct-To
Proc
Wpt Info
Figure 8-56 Active Flight Plan Leg
Map
Traffic
The active flight plan leg inbound to a holding pattern at WIGAN intersection.
Terrain
Weather
Nearest
Services/
Music
Utilities
System
Messages
Figure 8-57 Active Flight Plan Leg Prior to Holding Pattern
Symbols
Appendix
Index
8-46
Garmin GTN 625/635/650 Pilot’s Guide
190-01004-03 Rev. L
Foreword
Getting
Started
Audio &
Xpdr Ctrl
10.2
Garmin TAWS and HTAWS use terrain and obstacle information supplied by
government and private sources. The data undergoes verification by Garmin to
confirm accuracy of the content. However, the displayed information should
never be understood as being all-inclusive. Pilots must familiarize themselves
with the appropriate charts for safe flight.
Com/Nav
NOTE: The data contained in the terrain and obstacle databases comes
from government and private agencies. Garmin accurately processes
and cross-validates the data, but cannot guarantee the accuracy and
completeness of the data.
FPL
Direct-To
Proc
General Database Information
10.2.1
Database Versions
Map
The version and area of coverage of each terrain/obstacle database is shown
on the System-System Status page. Databases are checked for integrity at powerup. If a database is found to be missing and/or deficient, the TAWS/HTAWS
system fails the self-test and displays the TAWS/HTAWS system failure message.
Traffic
10.2.2
Wpt Info
Terrain
Weather
Nearest
Services/
Music
Utilities
HTAWS Database Requirements
To function properly, HTAWS requires the use of databases specific to
helicopters and HTAWS. The databases required are:
• 2.5 arc-second Terrain Database
• Helicopter Obstacle Database
• Helicopter Navigation Database
10.2.3
Database Updates
For information on how to update databases, see section 18.2, Database
Information and Updates.
System
Messages
Symbols
Appendix
Index
10-2
Garmin GTN 625/635/650 Pilot’s Guide
190-01004-03 Rev. L
11.3.3
Connext Settings
Foreword
Getting
Started
Touch To
Manually
Request Data
Auto Request
Setting
Com/Nav
Coverage Region
Settings
FPL
Datalink
Status
Direct-To
Coverage
Diameter
Proc
Figure 11-52 Connext Settings Menu
11.3.3.1
Audio &
Xpdr Ctrl
Connext Data Request
Wpt Info
It is necessary to request the downloading of weather products. Requests can
be sent manually or set to automatically update at a selected rate. The Connext
weather data may be updated at any time regardless of the automatic update
timing by selecting a Manual Request. When multiple requests are made, some
products are merged with the old data (SIGMETs/AIRMETs, TAFs, TFRs, and
METARs), but the old data of other products is discarded.
1. While viewing the Connext Settings Menu, touch the Request
Data key to manually request data.
2. Touch the Auto Request key to set the Auto Request Period.
NOTE: Auto Request can only be enabled on the GTN directly connected
to the GSR 56.
Map
Traffic
Terrain
Weather
Nearest
Services/
Music
Utilities
System
Messages
Symbols
Appendix
Index
190-01004-03 Rev. L
Garmin GTN 625/635/650 Pilot’s Guide
11-35
12
NEAREST
Foreword
The Nearest function provides detailed information for the 25 nearest
airports, VORs, VRPs, NDBs, Intersections and User waypoints within 200 NM
of your current position. In addition, the Nearest pages include the five nearest
Flight Service Station (FSS) and center (ARTCC/FIR) points of communication
and alert you to any Special Use (SUA) or Controlled Airspace you may be in
or near.
Getting
Started
Audio &
Xpdr Ctrl
Com/Nav
FPL
Direct-To
Proc
Nearest Waypoint Types
Wpt Info
Map
Figure 12-1 Nearest Page
Traffic
Terrain
Weather
List
List
List
Nearest
Frequency
Wpt Info
Wpt Info
Services/
Music
List
List
List
List
Wpt Info
Wpt Info
Utilities
Frequency
Wpt Info
System
List
List
Wpt Info
Freq
List
Airspace Info
Wpt Info
Frequency
Messages
Symbols
Figure 12-2 Nearest Page Functional Map
Appendix
Index
190-01004-03 Rev. L
Garmin GTN 625/635/650 Pilot’s Guide
12-1
4. Touch the Frequency key on this page or from the Nearest VOR
List page to place the selected frequency into the Nav Standby
window. Touch the Preview key to view map detail.
Foreword
Getting
Started
Audio &
Xpdr Ctrl
VOR Frequency Inserted
Into Standby Window.
Touch To Flip/Flop Freqs
Com/Nav
FPL
VOR Map Preview
Figure 12-10 Nearest VOR Frequency Entry
Direct-To
Proc
12.5
NOTE: This feature is available in software v6.20 or later.
Wpt Info
Map
Traffic
Nearest VRP
The nearest VRP Page displays the identifier, symbol, bearing, and distance to
the 25 nearest VRPs (within 200 NM of your present position).
1. While viewing the Nearest function, touch the VRP key.
Terrain
Distance from
Current Position
to VRP
Nearest VRP
Identifier
Weather
Nearest
Bearing from
Current Position
to VRP
Services/
Music
Utilities
Figure 12-11 Nearest VRPs
2. Touch the Up and Down keys to scroll through the list.
System
3. Touch the VRP Identifier key to show the Waypoint Info page
for the selected VRP.
Messages
Symbols
Appendix
Index
12-6
Garmin GTN 625/635/650 Pilot’s Guide
190-01004-03 Rev. L
VRP
Information
Referenced to
Current Position
Additional VRP
Information
Nearest NDB
Audio &
Xpdr Ctrl
Com/Nav
Direct-To
The Nearest NDB Page displays the identifier, symbol, bearing, distance and
frequency to the 25 nearest NDBs (within 200 NM of your present position).
1. While viewing the Nearest function, touch the NDB key. A list
of the nearest 25 NDBs within 200 NM will be listed.
NDB Identifier.
Touch For
More Detail.
Getting
Started
FPL
Figure 12-12 Waypoint Info - Visual Reporting Point
12.6
Foreword
Traffic
Arrows Indicate More
Items On The List
Figure 12-13 Nearest NDB
2. Touch the Up and Down keys to scroll through the list.
Terrain
Weather
Nearest
3. Touch the NDB Identifier key to show the Waypoint Info
page for the selected NDB.
NDB Information
Referenced To
Current Position
Additional NDB
Information
Wpt Info
Map
NDB
Information
Touch To Select
New Waypoint
Proc
Services/
Music
Utilities
System
Messages
Touch To View
NDB Map Detail
Symbols
Figure 12-14 Nearest NDB Waypoint Information
Appendix
Index
190-01004-03 Rev. L
Garmin GTN 625/635/650 Pilot’s Guide
12-7
Serial No. & Sys ID
SW/HW Version Info
Database Info
Foreword
Getting
Started
SBAS
WAAS
Audio &
Xpdr Ctrl
Com/Nav
CDI
Date/Time
Com/Nav
Nearest Airport
Crossfill
FPL
Direct-To
Arrival
Destination Proximity
Class B/TMA
Class C/TCA
Class D
Restricted
MOA (Military)
Other
Airspace Altitude Buffer
Proc
Wpt Info
Map
Traffic
User Fields *
Terrain
Nav Angle
Mag Var
Temp
Fuel
Position Format
Weather
Nearest
Services/
Music
Volume
TAWS Alert Voice
Utilities
Manual Offset
System
Connext Setup **
Messages
Voice Command
Command History
Symbols
* - Available When Space Allows On Side Bar
** - Optional
Appendix
Index
Figure 15-2 System Function Summary
15-2
Garmin GTN 625/635/650 Pilot’s Guide
190-01004-03 Rev. L
Foreword
Getting
Started
15.1.1
Serial Number and System ID
The System Info section shows the unit Serial Number and the System ID.
1. While viewing the System Status page, touch System Info.
Audio &
Xpdr Ctrl
2. Touch the Back key to return to the System Status page.
Com/Nav
FPL
Direct-To
Proc
Wpt Info
15.1.2
Version Information
The software versions of the GTN unit are displayed. This information is
useful when contacting Customer Support.
1. While viewing the System Status page, touch the System
Info key to view more detailed information about the software
versions inside the GTN unit.
Serial Number and System ID
Map
Traffic
Internal Software Versions
Terrain
Figure 15-5 System Status Version Information
Weather
2. Touch the Back key to return to the System Status page.
Nearest
Services/
Music
Utilities
System
Messages
15.1.3
Database Information
The Database Information section lists the name of the database, its version,
and expiration date for the currently used databases, and also contains the
Database SYNC function. Standby databases are listed for databases not currently
used, but available on the data card. Database conflicts will be shown in the
Conflicts section. For more information on GTN databases and how to update
them see Section 18.2, Database Information and Updates.
Symbols
Appendix
Index
15-4
Garmin GTN 625/635/650 Pilot’s Guide
190-01004-03 Rev. L
Page Field Type
Foreword
Blackout Mode
DFLT NAV - Default Navigation
Flight Plan - Flight Plan Page
Map - Map Page
Nearest - Nearest Page
NEAR APT - Nearest Airport Page
PROC - Procedures Page
Approach - Approach Page
Arrival - Arrival Page
Departure - Departure Page
Backlight - Backlight Page
Services - Services Page
Traffic - Traffic Page
Terrain - Terrain Page
Getting
Started
Audio &
Xpdr Ctrl
Com/Nav
FPL
Direct-To
Proc
Wpt Info
Map
Utilities - Utilities Page
Checklist - Checklist Page
Fuel PLAN - Fuel Planning Page
SCHED MSG - Scheduled Messages
Trip PLAN - Trip Planning Page
VCALC - VCALC Page
User FREQ - User Frequencies
WPT INFO - Waypoint Information
Weather - Weather Page
CNXT WX - Connext WX Page
FIS-B WX - FIS-B Weather Page
Stormscope - Stormscope Page
SiriusXM WX - Sirius XM WX Page
OFF - Do Not Display Page Field
Table 15-10 Page Field Types of Information
Traffic
Terrain
Weather
Nearest
Services/
Music
Utilities
System
Messages
Symbols
Appendix
Index
15-28
Garmin GTN 625/635/650 Pilot’s Guide
190-01004-03 Rev. L
15.10
Connext Setup - GSR 56
Foreword
This page provides information about the GSR 56 and the Connext
Registration page. See Section 15.3.3 - GSR 56 Status for more details.
1. While viewing the System page, touch Connext Setup to
access the GSR 56 LRU Status page.
2. Touch Connext Registration to set up the Connext account.
Follow the information provided in Section 15.3.3 - GSR 56
Status.
15.11
Connext Setup - Flight Stream 210 and 510
The GTN interfaces with the Flight Stream 210 Bluetooth transceiver and
Flight Stream 510 wireless datacard. Using a Flight Stream and the GTN, flight
plans are sent and received over Bluetooth. In addition, GPS position is provided
from the GTN and attitude is forwarded from a connected GDU. The GTN can
also configure the Flight Stream's Bluetooth.
The Flight Stream 510 also includes a Wi-Fi transceiver for updating
databases. Refer to Section 18.2 for more information on updating databases
with a Flight Stream 510. The GTN can configure the Flight Stream 510's
Wi-Fi.
1. While viewing the System page, touch Connext Setup and
then the Flight Stream 210 or Flight Stream 510 key.
Getting
Started
Audio &
Xpdr Ctrl
Com/Nav
FPL
Direct-To
Proc
Wpt Info
Map
Traffic
Terrain
Weather
Nearest
Touch to
Configure
Bluetooth
Touch To
Configure Flight
Stream Features
Touch to
Configure Wi-Fi
(Flight Stream
510 Only)
Services/
Music
Utilities
System
Figure 15-50 Connext Setup for Flight Stream 510
NOTE: Turning Flight Plan imports off will remove the ability of the GTN
to receive flight plans from the Flight Stream. This could be used if there
are repeated erroneous attempts by a portable device application to send
flight plans to the GTN.
Messages
Symbols
Appendix
Index
190-01004-03 Rev. L
Garmin GTN 625/635/650 Pilot’s Guide
15-35
2. Touch the Bluetooth Setup key to manage the Bluetooth
connection.
Foreword
Getting
Started
Audio &
Xpdr Ctrl
Com/Nav
Touch To Set
The Bluetooth
Name
Touch To Manage
Paired Devices
FPL
Figure 15-51 Bluetooth Setup for Flight Stream
Direct-To
3. Touch the Wi-Fi Setup key to manage the Wi-Fi connection.
Proc
Wpt Info
Map
Traffic
Terrain
Figure 15-52 Flight Stream 510 - Wi-Fi Setup
Weather
4. Touch the Features key to manage Flight Stream Features.
Nearest
Services/
Music
Utilities
System
Figure 15-53 Flight Stream 510 - Features Setup
Messages
Symbols
Appendix
Index
15-36
Garmin GTN 625/635/650 Pilot’s Guide
190-01004-03 Rev. L
15.11.1 Operation
Data output from the GTN and Flight Stream occurs automatically and
requires no pilot action (such as, flight plan, GPS position, and attitude).
Additionally, ADS-B traffic and weather can be output from the Flight Stream
when connected to a GDL 88 or GTX 345 and XM WX and SiriusXM satellite
radio information can output when connected a GDL 69. From the Connext
Setup page, the pilot can enable/disable flight plan importing, change the Flight
Stream Bluetooth name, and manage paired devices. The Flight Stream 210 and
510 also support sending and receiving GSR 56 SMS messages and controlling
the GSR 56 Iridium phone when used with a compatible portable application.
From the Connext Setup page, the pilot can enable/disable Flight Stream
features (flight plan importing, phone/SMS, and database transfers), setup Flight
Stream Bluetooth and Wi-Fi, and manage paired Bluetooth devices.
On the GTN's Paired Devices page, the device status indicates if the portable
device is connected and communicating with the Flight Stream. The “AutoReconnect” setting determines if the Flight Stream will automatically connect
to up to four devices when in range. When this setting is disabled, the pilot
must initiate the connection from the device. For devices that always reconnect
automatically, this setting will not be shown. Removing a device from this
page by pressing “Remove” will require the device to be paired again before
transferring data.
NOTE: If the pairing is removed from either device (portable device or
GTN) it must be removed on the other device before a new pairing to that
same device is established again. Essentially, pairing must be removed on
both devices before repairing.
Touch To Automatically
Connect To The Device
When In Range
Foreword
Getting
Started
Audio &
Xpdr Ctrl
Com/Nav
FPL
Direct-To
Proc
Wpt Info
Map
Traffic
Terrain
Weather
Nearest
Services/
Music
Touch To Remove
The Device
Utilities
Device Is
Connected And
Communicating
System
Messages
Symbols
Figure 15-54 Managing Paired Devices
Appendix
Index
190-01004-03 Rev. L
Garmin GTN 625/635/650 Pilot’s Guide
15-37
Foreword
Getting
Started
Audio &
Xpdr Ctrl
Com/Nav
FPL
Direct-To
15.13
Voice Command
NOTE: This feature is available in software v6.20, or later.
The Voice Command page allows controlling the voice command function
and viewing the voice command status and recent commands. Voice Commands
are only available when connected to a compatible Garmin audio panel and
when enabled by the installer.
Installed Voice
Command
Grammar Version
Touch to Activate
Voice Commands
Voice Command
Tone Status
Touch To View
Recently Spoken
Commands
Proc
Wpt Info
Figure 15-57 Voice Command Setup
Map
1. While viewing the System page, touch the Voice Commands
key.
Traffic
2. Touch the Voice Command key to toggle activation. A green
bar will appear when voice commands are active.
Terrain
3. Touch the Command History key to open a list of recently
spoken commands.
Weather
Nearest
Command Name
Time Command
was Issued
Services/
Music
Command Status
Crew Member
Who Issued
Command
Utilities
System
Figure 15-58 Voice Command History
Messages
Symbols
Appendix
Index
15-40
Garmin GTN 625/635/650 Pilot’s Guide
190-01004-03 Rev. L
17
SYMBOLS
Foreword
The following tables describe the symbols that are found on the Map display.
17.1
Symbol
Map Page Symbols
Getting
Started
Audio &
Xpdr Ctrl
Description
Airport with hard surface runway(s); Serviced, Primary runway shown
Com/Nav
FPL
Airport with hard surface runway(s); Non-Serviced, Primary runway
shown
Airport with soft surface runway(s) only, Serviced
Direct-To
Proc
Airport with soft surface runway(s) only, Non-Serviced
Wpt Info
Unknown Airport
Map
Restricted (Private) Airfield
Traffic
Intersection
VOR
Terrain
VORTAC
Weather
VOR/DME
Nearest
TACAN
Services/
Music
DME
Utilities
NDB
System
Locator Outer Marker
Heliport
Messages
User Waypoint
Symbols
VRP
Appendix
Table 17-2 Map Page Symbols
190-01004-03 Rev. L
Garmin GTN 625/635/650 Pilot’s Guide
Index
17-1
Foreword
Getting
Started
17.2
SafeTaxi™ Symbols
Symbol
Description
Helipad
Audio &
Xpdr Ctrl
Airport Beacon
Com/Nav
Under Construction Zones
FPL
Direct-To
Unpaved Parking Areas
Proc
Hot Spot
Table 17-3 SafeTaxi Symbols
Wpt Info
Map
Traffic
17.3
Traffic Symbols
TIS Symbol
Description
Terrain
Non-Threat Traffic
Weather
Traffic Advisory (TA)
Nearest
Traffic Advisory Off Scale
Services/
Music
Table 17-4 TIS Symbols
Utilities
System
Messages
Symbols
Appendix
Index
17-2
Garmin GTN 625/635/650 Pilot’s Guide
190-01004-03 Rev. L
Foreword
Getting
Started
Audio &
Xpdr Ctrl
VNAV, VNV
VOR
VORTAC
VRP
VS
VSI
vertical navigation
VHF Omni-directional Range
very high frequency omnidirectional range station and
tactical air navigation
Visual Reporting Point
Vertical speed
Vertical Speed Indicator
WAAS
WGS-84
WPT
WX
Wide Area Augmentation System
World Geodetic System - 1984
waypoint(s)
weather
XPDR
XTK
transponder
cross-track
Com/Nav
FPL
Direct-To
Proc
Wpt Info
Map
Traffic
Terrain
Weather
Nearest
Services/
Music
Utilities
System
Messages
Symbols
Appendix
Index
18-8
Garmin GTN 625/635/650 Pilot’s Guide
190-01004-03 Rev. L
18.2
Database Information and Updates
Foreword
The GTN uses several databases to provide up-to-date aviation
information. GTN databases can be updated by the pilot using an SD card or
Flight Stream 510 wireless database card. The GTN can also synchronize
databases in the cockpit with other displays using Database SYNC and Chart
Streaming.
Information about the installed and standby databases can be viewed on the
System Status page. Database SYNC and Chart Streaming can be configured in
the menu on the System Status page.
Getting
Started
Audio &
Xpdr Ctrl
Com/Nav
FPL
The database card should not be removed except to update the databases
stored on the card. For basic flight operations, a database card is required for
database storage. The database cards cannot be shared between units.
Direct-To
18.2.1
Wpt Info
•
GTN Databases
Navigation - The navigation database contains information for
waypoints and airports, such as procedures, runways, airways, airspaces,
frequencies, and visual reporting points. For helicopter applications, a
navigation database that includes additional heliports is available.
•
Basemap - The Basemap database contains land and water data, such as
roads, boundaries, rivers, and lakes.
•
SafeTaxi - The SafeTaxi database contains detailed airport diagrams
for selected airports. These diagrams aid in following ground control
instructions by displaying the aircraft position on the map in relation to
taxiways, ramps, runways, terminals, and services.
•
Obstacles - The obstacle database contains data for obstacles, such as
towers, that pose a potential hazard to aircraft. Obstacles 200 feet and
higher are included in the fixed-wing obstacle database. The rotorcraft
database includes all reported obstacles regardless of height. It is important
to note that not all obstacles are necessarily charted and therefore may not
be contained in the obstacle database. Several obstacle database options
are available. Obstacle databases created for GTN software v5.10 or later
include all power lines or only Hazardous Obstacle Transmission (HOT)
lines depending on the type of obstacle database installed. HOT lines are
those power lines that are co-located with other FAA-identified obstacles.
The obstacle database is required for the TAWS and HTAWS functions.
190-01004-03 Rev. L
Garmin GTN 625/635/650 Pilot’s Guide
18-9
Proc
Map
Traffic
Terrain
Weather
Nearest
Services/
Music
Utilities
System
Messages
Symbols
Appendix
Index
Foreword
•
Terrain - The terrain database contains terrain mapping data. The terrain
database is required for the TAWS and HTAWS functions. Systems using
HTAWS require a 2.5 arc second database while non-HTAWS applications
can use a 9 arc-second database.
•
FliteCharts - FliteCharts resemble the paper version of AeroNav Services
(Formerly named National Aeronautical Charting Office) terminal
procedures charts. The charts are displayed with high-resolution and in
color for applicable charts. The GTN depiction shows the aircraft position
on the moving map in the plan view of the approach charts and on airport
diagrams.
•
Chartview - ChartView resembles the paper version of Jeppesen terminal
procedure charts. The charts are displayed in full color with highresolution. The GTN depiction shows the aircraft position on the moving
map in the plan view of approach charts and on airport diagrams.
Getting
Started
Audio &
Xpdr Ctrl
Com/Nav
FPL
Direct-To
Proc
Wpt Info
Map
Traffic
Terrain
Weather
Nearest
Services/
Music
Database
Name
Where Stored
Update Cycle
Provider
Notes
Navigation
Internal memory
28 days
fly.garmin.com
Basemap
Internal memory
As required
fly.garmin.com
SafeTaxi
Internal memory
56 days
fly.garmin.com
Obstacle
Internal memory
56 days
fly.garmin.com
Terrain
Database card
As required
fly.garmin.com
FliteCharts
Database card
28 days
fly.garmin.com
Disables 180 days after
expiration date.
Chartview
Database card
14 days
Contact Jeppesen
Disables 70 days after
expiration date.
Table 18-1 Database List
Utilities
NOTE: Garmin requests that the flight crew report any observed
discrepancies related to database information. These discrepancies could
come in the form of an incorrect procedure, incorrectly identified terrain,
obstacles and fixes, or any other displayed item used for navigation or
communication in the air or on the ground. Go to www.flygarmin.com and
at the bottom of the page select “Aviation Data Error Report.”
System
Messages
Symbols
Appendix
Index
18-10
Garmin GTN 625/635/650 Pilot’s Guide
190-01004-03 Rev. L
18.2.2
Updating Databases with a SD Card
Foreword
To update the GTN database use an SD card. Instructions on
updating the GTN database and the required equipment is found at
fly.garmin.com.
The ChartView database is provided directly from Jeppesen.
Contact Jeppesen (www.jeppesen.com) for ChartView subscription
and update information. An enablement card that is purchased from
Garmin is separate from the Jeppesen database and is required to
enable ChartView.
1. Download the database updates to the Garmin Database Card
from the appropriate website.
2. Insert the database card into the slot of the GTN.
3. Apply power to the GTN.
4. The database update page will be displayed, listing all effective
database updates on the database card. Databases cycles
that are not effective or already installed will be kept on the
Garmin Database Card as standby databases until they become
effective. Hold down the dual-concentric knob while applying
power to the GTN to force the update of these databases.
Getting
Started
Audio &
Xpdr Ctrl
Com/Nav
FPL
Direct-To
Proc
Wpt Info
Map
Traffic
Terrain
Weather
Nearest
Services/
Music
Utilities
Figure 18-4 Updated Databases
System
Messages
Symbols
Appendix
Index
190-01004-03 Rev. L
Garmin GTN 625/635/650 Pilot’s Guide
18-11
5. Select the desired database updates and press the Update
key.
Foreword
Getting
Started
NOTE: Do not remove power to the GTN while updating databases.
Audio &
Xpdr Ctrl
6. The GTN will begin the update process and then verify the
integrity of the installed databases.
Com/Nav
7. Check that all databases are current and there are no errors.
If a database is highlighted in yellow, it is either expired or
missing.
FPL
Direct-To
Proc
Wpt Info
Map
Figure 18-5 Currently Installed Software/Databases
Traffic
Terrain
Weather
Nearest
Services/
Music
Utilities
System
Messages
Symbols
Appendix
Index
18-12
Garmin GTN 625/635/650 Pilot’s Guide
190-01004-03 Rev. L
18.2.3
Updating Databases with a Flight Stream 510
GTN databases can also be updated using the Flight Stream 510 wireless
database card with a portable device and the Garmin Pilot application.
1. Follow the instructions within the app to purchase and
download the database updates.
2. Ensure the Flight Stream 510 is inserted into the database
card slot and apply power to the GTN.
3. When prompted on the database verification screen, connect
the portable device to the Flight Stream 510 Wi-Fi network.
The network name and password can be displayed by pressing
the Show WiFi Info key.
Foreword
Getting
Started
Audio &
Xpdr Ctrl
Com/Nav
FPL
Direct-To
Proc
Wpt Info
4. Once connected, open Garmin Pilot on the portable device.
Map
Traffic
Terrain
5. The Flight Stream 510 will check for database updates on the
portable device and display the database update page or notify
the pilot that no database updates are available.
Weather
Nearest
Services/
Music
Utilities
System
Messages
Symbols
Appendix
Index
190-01004-03 Rev. L
Garmin GTN 625/635/650 Pilot’s Guide
18-13
6. Select the desired database updates. All selected databases
will be transferred to the GTN, but the GTN may choose to not
install all databases. Database cycles that are not yet effective
will be preloaded and kept as standby databases until they
become effective. Databases that are not supported by this
GTN may be transferred and then SYNC’d to other Garmin
displays.
Foreword
Getting
Started
Audio &
Xpdr Ctrl
Com/Nav
7. Press the Update key.
FPL
NOTE: Do not remove power to the GTN while updating databases.
Direct-To
8. The GTN will begin the transfer, update, and verification process.
The terrain and charts databases can take up to 5 minutes
each to transfer over Wi-Fi to the Flight Stream 510.
Proc
Wpt Info
9. Check that all databases are current and there are no errors.
If a database is highlighted in yellow, it is either expired or
missing.
Map
Traffic
Terrain
Weather
Nearest
Services/
Music
Utilities
System
Messages
18.2.4
Database SYNC
Database SYNC allows the GTN to synchronize databases from a single unit
to other Garmin avionics. The pilot only needs to update a single database card
(SD card or Flight Stream 510) and the new databases are automatically SYNC'd
through the units connected in the cockpit and configured for Database SYNC.
Databases must be purchased for all avionics in the cockpit.
Symbols
Appendix
Index
18-14
Garmin GTN 625/635/650 Pilot’s Guide
190-01004-03 Rev. L
Database SYNC is supported by these database types:
• Navigation
• Basemap
• SafeTaxi
• Obstacle
• FliteCharts
• Airport Directory
Foreword
Getting
Started
Audio &
Xpdr Ctrl
Com/Nav
The database SYNC process may take several minutes, depending on how
many databases have been updated. The status of the database transfers to a unit
can be viewed on the System Status page under the “Standby” tab. The GTN
will display the source of the received databases (for example: “Database SYNC
- GTN #2”). If a database SYNC is pending, completed, or not authorized, the
status will also be indicated.
When the SYNC is complete, if the aircraft is stopped and has yet to takeoff,
the pilot will be prompted with the option to restart and update to the newly
transferred databases.
NOTE: Restarting the GTN must only be performed when the aircraft is
on the ground as navigation and communication from the restarted unit
will be lost for a period of time.
18.2.4.1
Resolving Database SYNC Conflicts
While the Chart database is SYNCing in the background, the GTN will
stream individual charts to other compatible displays. This enables all Garmin
displays to use the latest chart database information even though the database
is currently installed only on a single unit. Chart Streaming will begin after the
chart database has begun SYNCing.
Garmin GTN 625/635/650 Pilot’s Guide
Proc
Wpt Info
Map
Traffic
Terrain
Nearest
Services/
Music
Utilities
System
Messages
Chart Streaming
190-01004-03 Rev. L
Direct-To
Weather
If the GTN determines that there are multiple LRUs with the newest cycle
of a database, but they have different regions or types of that database (e.g.,
fixed wing vs. rotorcraft navigation database, different regions of the navigation
database, or different obstacle database types) then a database conflict will occur.
When a database conflict occurs, that database will not be SYNC'd until the pilot
resolves the conflict. On the unit that has the desired databases to SYNC to the
other units, press the Resolve Conflicts key that is located on the Conflicts tab
of the System Information page.
18.2.5
FPL
18-15
Symbols
Appendix
Index
Foreword
18.2.6
Database Troubleshooting Tips
Problem
Getting
Started
Audio &
Xpdr Ctrl
Unable to download
databases to the SD card
• Ensure you have a high capacity SD card programmer
• Ensure that your card programmer is plugged directly into your computer
and not into a USB hub, computer screen, or keyboard
• Ensure the sliding lock tab is in the unlocked position (up, when viewing
the card label-side up)
Com/Nav
FPL
Action
Database update fails
• Restart the GTN and retry the update
• Download the databases to the database card again
Direct-To
Proc
• Ensure that the databases were purchased for the system ID of the GTN
that the database card is being used to update
Database SYNC fails
Wpt Info
Map
• Ensure that the databases were purchased for all the GTNs and GDUs in
the cockpit
• Ensure that all conflicts have been resolved (section 18.2.4.1)
Database cannot be
selected for update
• Restart the GTN while pressing the dual-concentric knob until the Garmin
logo is fully illuminated to veiw all database updates on the database
card, regardless of effectivity
Traffic
• Download the databases to the database card again
Terrain
• Ensure that the databases were purchased for the system ID of the GTN
that the database card is being used to update
Weather
Database cannot be
transferred to
Flight Stream 510
Nearest
• Ensure that the database transfers are enabled for the
Flight Stream 510 (section 18.2.3)
• Ensure that all database updates have been downloaded to the Garmin
Pilot application
Services/
Music
• Press the Show All DBs key on the database verification page to veiw all
database updates on the portable device, regardless of effectivity
Utilities
System
• Ensure that the databases were purchased for the system ID of the GTN
that the database card is being used to update
Database is transferred
to Flight Stream 510 but
cannot be selected for
update
Messages
Symbols
• Ensure that the databases were purchased for the system ID of the GTN
that the database card is being used to update
• Ensure that the transferred database is currently effective
• Restart the GTN while pressing the dual-concentric knob until the Garmin
logo is fully illuminated to view all database updates on the Flight Stream
510, regardless of effectivity
Table 18-1 Database Troubleshooting Tips
Appendix
Index
18-16
Garmin GTN 625/635/650 Pilot’s Guide
190-01004-03 Rev. L
18.5 Telligence Voice Command Qualification
Procedure
Foreword
In order to enable voice command functionality crew members must
successfully perform and complete 17/20 (85%) voice commands in the
Telligence aircraft qualification procedure. Crew members must be comfortable
speaking into an aviation headset and proficient in English.
Audio &
Xpdr Ctrl
Voice Command Guidelines
Getting
Started
Com/Nav
FPL
NOTE: If a voice command is uninterpretable, verify the system is
performing the intended action or displaying the desired data. If the system
does not recognize a command, use the touchscreen to execute the function.
The GTN Voice Command History details all commands performed.
• Position the headset MIC approximately 1/8-inch from mouth, align with
bottom lip to avoid breath sounds in the microphone.
Direct-To
Proc
Wpt Info
• Speak conversationally.
Map
• Annunciate clearly.
Traffic
• Speak in a normal tone and volume.
Terrain
• Speak at a normal cadence (not too quickly or slowly).
• Pause briefly between activation of the PTC switch and when speaking the
voice command.
Weather
Nearest
• Review the commands prior to performing the qualification.
Services/
Music
Utilities
System
Messages
Symbols
Appendix
Index
190-01004-03 Rev. L
Garmin GTN 625/635/650 Pilot’s Guide
18-23
Foreword
Voice Command Instructions
1. Press and hold the Push to Command (PTC) switch.
Getting
Started
2. Speak the entire command into the headset MIC.
3. Release the "PTC" switch.
Audio &
Xpdr Ctrl
• A positive tone (low-to-high) indicates a command is successfully
executed. (i.e., page changed, radio tuned, MIC selected, etc.)
Com/Nav
• A negative tone (high-to-low) indicates the command is either
unrecognizable or it’s an invalid request.
FPL
Direct-To
Proc
Wpt Info
Successful Command Example
If “show approaches page” is spoken and the approach selection page displays
immediately then a positive tone will sound.
Unsuccessful Command Example
Map
If “show map page” is spoken and the traffic page is displayed then a negative
tone sounds.
Traffic
Telligence Voice Command Qualification Procedure
Terrain
Weather
Nearest
Services/
Music
Utilities
System
Messages
Speak the unbold phrase if the voice command in this procedure is not
applicable to the aircraft’s configuration. If the total number of successful
commands is less than 17 the voice commands must be disabled in configuration
mode. This procedure is to be completed on the ground with the engine running.
Example: If the requirement states a COM radio is required, but your GTN
does not a have a COM radio, use the unbold command.
1. Start the GTN and acquire a GPS position.
2. Conduct the voice commands in sequential order while wearing
an aviation headset. If necessary, a command can be attempted
twice.
3. When the command is successful check the box next to the
command.
Symbols
Appendix
Index
18-24
Garmin GTN 625/635/650 Pilot’s Guide
190-01004-03 Rev. L
SHOW Flight Plan PAGE
*** Manually enter a flight plan with a towered airport as the destination ***
Foreword
Getting
Started
SHOW Trip Planning PAGE
* TUNE Nearest Ground or SHOW Nearest Airport PAGE
* TUNE Nearest ATIS or SHOW Nearest Weather Frequency PAGE
Audio &
Xpdr Ctrl
Com/Nav
† TOGGLE COM 2 or SAY Distance
SHOW Map PAGE
FPL
ZOOM OUT
Direct-To
SAY Distance to Destination
SHOW Flight Timers PAGE
Proc
† SELECT COM 2 or SAY ETA at Destination
Wpt Info
SAY Active Waypoint
Map
CREATE Waypoint Here
* TUNE Destination Tower or SHOW Destination Runways PAGE
Traffic
‡ SHOW Traffic PAGE or SHOW Nearest PAGE
Terrain
SHOW Procedures PAGE
SHOW V-CALC PAGE
Weather
SHOW Current Time
Nearest
SAY Desired Track
Services/
Music
BACK
SHOW Voice Command History Page
Utilities
* A GTN COM radio is required.
System
† Two COM radios connected to the GMA are required.
‡ Traffic capability is required on the GTN.
Messages
Symbols
Appendix
Index
190-01004-03 Rev. L
Garmin GTN 625/635/650 Pilot’s Guide
18-25
© 2016 GARMIN Corporation
GARMIN International, Inc.
1200 East 151st Street, Olathe, Kansas 66062, U.S.A.
Tel. 913/397.8200 or 866/739.5687
Fax 913/397.8282
Garmin AT, Inc.
2345 Turner Rd., S.E., Salem, Oregon 97302, U.S.A.
Tel. 503/581.8101 or 800/525.6726
Fax. 503/364.2138
Garmin (Europe) Ltd.
Liberty House, Bulls Copse Road, Hounsdown Business Park,
Southampton, SO40 9LR, U.K.
Tel. +44 (0) 37 0850 1243
Fax +44 (0) 23 8052 4004
Garmin Singapore Pte. Ltd.
46 East Coast Road, #05-06 Eastgate
Singapore 428766
Tel. (65) 63480378
Fax (65) 63480278
www.garmin.com
https://fly.garmin.com/fly-garmin
September 2016
190-01004-17 Rev A
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