Garmin | nuvi 215T | Owner's Manual | Garmin nuvi 215T Owner's Manual

Garmin nuvi 215T Owner's Manual
nüvi 215
®
owner’s manual
© 2008–2009 Garmin Ltd. or its subsidiaries
Garmin International, Inc.
1200 East 151st Street,
Olathe, Kansas 66062,
USA
Tel. (913) 397.8200 or
(800) 800.1020
Fax (913) 397.8282
Garmin (Europe) Ltd.
Liberty House
Hounsdown Business Park,
Southampton, Hampshire, SO40 9RB UK
Tel. +44 (0) 870.8501241 (outside the UK)
0808 2380000 (within the UK)
Fax +44 (0) 870.8501251
Garmin Corporation
No. 68
Jangshu 2nd Road,
Shijr, Taipei County,
Taiwan
Tel. 886/2.2642.9199
Fax 886/2.2642.9099
All rights reserved. Except as expressly provided herein, no part of this manual may be reproduced,
copied, transmitted, disseminated, downloaded or stored in any storage medium, for any purpose without
the express prior written consent of Garmin. Garmin hereby grants permission to download a single copy
of this manual onto a hard drive or other electronic storage medium to be viewed and to print one copy of
this manual or of any revision hereto, provided that such electronic or printed copy of this manual must
contain the complete text of this copyright notice and provided further that any unauthorized commercial
distribution of this manual or any revision hereto is strictly prohibited.
Information in this document is subject to change without notice. Garmin reserves the right to change
or improve its products and to make changes in the content without obligation to notify any person or
organization of such changes or improvements. Go to the Garmin Web site (www.garmin.co.in) for
current updates and supplemental information concerning the use and operation of this and other Garmin
products.
Garmin®, the Garmin logo, nüvi®, and MapSource® are trademarks of Garmin Ltd. or its subsidiaries,
registered in the USA and other countries. Garmin Lock™, and myGarmin™ are trademarks of Garmin
Ltd. or its subsidiaries. These trademarks may not be used without the express permission of Garmin.
The Bluetooth® word mark and logos are owned by the Bluetooth SIG, Inc., and any use of such
name by Garmin is under license. Windows® is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation in the
United States and/or other countries. Mac® is a registered trademark of Apple Computer, Inc. SD™ and
microSD™ are trademarks of the SD Card Association. Panoramio is a trademark of Google Inc.
March 2009
Part Number 190-00973-25 Rev. A
Printed in Taiwan
Introduction
Introduction
Manual Conventions
When you are instructed to “touch”
something, use your finger to touch
an item on the screen.
The small arrows (>) used in the
text indicate that you should touch a
series of items. For example, if you
see “touch Where to? > Favourites”
you should touch Where to?, and
then touch Favourites.
nüvi® Tips and Shortcuts
• To quickly return to the Menu
page, touch and hold Back.
• Touch
and
to see
more choices. Touch and hold
these buttons to scroll faster.
• Screenshots in this manual are
taken from a widescreen unit and
may look different than your unit.
nüvi 215 owner’s manual
myGarmin™
Go to http://my.garmin.com to access
the latest services for your Garmin
products:
• Register your Garmin unit.
• Unlock optional maps.
Contact Garmin
Contact Garmin Product Support if you
have any questions while using your nüvi.
Go to www.garmin.co.in and click
Contact Support for regional support
information.
You may also contact Garmin local dealer
for product support.
i
Introduction
Table of Contents
Introduction........................... i
Manual Conventions............... i
nüvi® Tips and Shortcuts........ i
myGarmin™ . .......................... i
Contact Garmin...................... i
Getting Started..................... 1
Step 1: Mount Your nüvi........2
Step 2: Configure Your nüvi...2
Step 3: Acquire Satellites......3
Step 4: Use Your nüvi............3
Finding Your Destination.......4
Adding a Stop........................5
Taking a Detour.....................5
Stopping the Route................5
Adjusting the Volume.............5
Locking the Screen................5
Where to?............................. 6
Finding an Address................6
Setting a Home Location.......6
Go! Page Options..................7
ii
Finding a Place by Spelling
the Name . ............................8
Searching Near Another
Location.................................8
Finding Recently Found
Places....................................9
Favourites..............................9
Finding a Place Using the
Map.....................................10
Entering Coordinates........... 11
Using Photo Navigation....... 11
Navigating Off Road............ 11
Using the Map.................... 12
Trip Computer......................13
Turn List...............................13
Next Turn.............................13
Making Hands-Free Phone
Calls.................................... 14
Pairing Your Phone..............14
Receiving a Call .................15
In a Call ..............................16
Phone Menu........................16
nüvi 215 owner’s manual
Introduction
Managing Files................... 19
Supported File Types..........19
Loading Files.......................19
Loading Pictures for Photo
Navigation...........................20
Deleting Files .....................20
Using the Tools.................. 21
Settings...............................21
Where Am I?........................21
Help.....................................21
Picture Viewer.....................21
My Data...............................22
World Clock ........................22
Calculator ...........................22
Unit Converter ....................23
Customizing the nüvi........ 24
Changing the System
Settings...............................24
Changing the Navigation
Settings...............................24
Adjusting the Display
Settings...............................25
nüvi 215 owner’s manual
Updating the Time
Settings...............................25
Setting the Languages........26
Changing the Map
Settings...............................26
Changing Security
Settings...............................27
Setting the Bluetooth
Technology Options.............27
Changing the Proximity
Points Settings....................28
Restoring All Settings..........28
Appendix............................ 29
Caring for Your nüvi . ..........29
Locking Your nüvi................30
Calibrating the Screen.........30
Resetting Your nüvi.............31
Updating the Software.........31
Clearing User Data..............31
Battery Information .............31
Charging Your nüvi..............32
Changing the Fuse..............32
Removing the nüvi and
iii
Introduction
Mount..................................32
Mounting on Your
Dashboard...........................33
Additional Maps...................33
About GPS Satellite
Signals.................................34
Extras and Optional
Accessories.........................34
Specifications......................35
Declaration of Conformity....36
Software License
Agreement...........................37
Troubleshooting . ................38
GPS Guide for Beginners
............................................ 40
What is GPS?..................... 41
Space Segment...................42
Control Segment.................43
Monitor Stations..................43
Master Control Station (MCS) .
............................................43
Ground Antennas................44
iv
User Segment.....................44
How Does GPS Technology
Work?................................. 45
Who Uses GPS?................ 46
Agriculture...........................46
Aviation................................46
Environment........................46
Ground Transportation........47
Marine.................................47
Military.................................47
Public Safety.......................47
Rail......................................48
Recreation...........................48
Space..................................48
Surveying............................48
Timing..................................49
How Accurate Is GPS?...... 50
WAAS/EGNOS....................51
Sources of Errors................51
Buying a GPS Receiver..... 53
Complementary Navigation
Aids.....................................54
nüvi 215 owner’s manual
Getting Started
Getting Started
Power key:
Slide to the left to turn the nüvi on/off;
slide to the right to lock the screen.
Mini-USB connector
microSD™
card slot
Speaker
Microphone
WARninG: This product contains a lithium-ion battery. To prevent damage, remove the unit
from the vehicle when exiting or store it out of direct sunlight.
nüvi 215 owner’s manual
1
Getting Started
Step 1: Mount Your nüvi
1. Plug the vehicle power cable into the back of your nüvi.
2. Snap the cradle onto the suction cup arm.
Suction cup mount
3. Remove the clear plastic from the suction cup.
Cradle
Clean and dry your windshield and the suction
cup with a lint-free cloth. Press the suction cup
firmly on the windshield.
4. Flip the lever back toward the windshield.
Lever
5. Fit the bottom of your nüvi into the cradle.
6. Tilt your nüvi back until it snaps into place.
7. Plug the other end of the vehicle power cable
into a power outlet in your vehicle. Your unit
should turn on automatically if it is plugged in
and the vehicle is running.
Step 2: Configure Your nüvi
To turn your nüvi on, slide the power key to
the left. Follow the on-screen instructions. To turn
your nüvi off, slide the power key to the left.
2
Vehicle power
cable
nüvi 215 owner’s manual
Getting Started
Step 3: Acquire
Satellites
Step 4: Use Your nüvi
➊
1. Go outdoors to an open area,
away from tall buildings and trees.
2. Turn on your nüvi.
Acquiring satellite signals can take a
few minutes. The
bars indicate
satellite strength. When at least one
of the bars is green, your nüvi has
acquired satellite signals. Now you
can select a destination and navigate
to it.
➌ ➍
➐ ➑
➊
➋
➌
➍
➎
➏
➐
➑
➒
nüvi 215 owner’s manual
➋
➎
➏
➒
GPS satellite strength
Bluetooth® technology status
Battery status
Current time. Touch to change
time settings.
Touch to find a destination.
Touch to view the map.
Touch to make a call when
connected to a compatible
mobile phone.
Touch to adjust the volume.
Touch to use the tools such as
settings and Help.
3
Getting Started
Finding Your Destination
The Where to? menu provides
several different categories for you
to use when searching for addresses,
cities, and other locations. The
detailed maps loaded in your nüvi
contain millions of points of interest,
such as restaurants, hotels, and auto
services.
3. Select a subcategory.
4. Select a destination.
1. Touch Where to?
5. Touch Go!.
tip: Touch
more choices.
2. Select a category.
4
and
to see
nüvi 215 owner’s manual
Getting Started
Adding a Stop
You can add a stop (called a Via
Point) to your route. The nüvi gives
you directions to the Via Point and
then to your final destination.
1. With a route active, touch Menu >
Where to?.
2. Search for the extra stop.
3. Touch Go!.
4. Touch Add as Via Point to add
this stop before your destination.
Touch Set as new Destination to
make this your final destination.
Taking a Detour
Stopping the Route
1. With a route active, touch Menu.
2. Touch Stop.
Adjusting the Volume
From the Menu page, touch Volume.
Touch and
to adjust the
volume. Touch the box next to Mute
to mute all audio.
Locking the Screen
To prevent accidental screen touches,
slide the Power key to the right
( ). To unlock the screen, slide the
Power key to the center position.
1. With a route active, touch Menu.
2. Touch Detour.
The nüvi attempts to get you
back on your original route as
quickly as possible. If the route
you are currently taking is the only
reasonable option, the nüvi might not
calculate a detour.
nüvi 215 owner’s manual
5
Where to?
Where to?
The Where to? menu provides
several different categories you can
use to search for locations. To learn
how to perform a simple search, see
page 4.
Finding an Address
note: Depending on the version
of the maps loaded on your nüvi, the
button names can change and some
steps could be ordered differently.
1. Touch Where to? > Address.
2. Change the state or province, if
necessary.
3. Touch Spell City, enter the city,
and touch Done. Select the city
in the list. If you are unsure of the
city, touch Search All.
4. Enter the street name, and touch
Done.
5. Select the correct street in the list,
if necessary.
6
6. Touch the address, if necessary.
Note: The map preloaded does not
support house number search.
Setting a Home Location
Set your home location for the place
you return to most often.
1. To set your home location, touch
Where to? > Go Home.
2. Select an option:
• Enter your address.
• Use your current location.
• Choose from a list of recently
found locations.
Going Home
To navigate home after you have set
your home location, touch Where
to? > Go Home.
nüvi 215 owner’s manual
Where to?
Changing Your Home
Location
To set a different home location:
1. Touch Tools > My Data > Set
Home Location.
2. Select an option:
• Enter your address.
• Use your current location.
• Choose from a list of recently
found locations.
To edit your home location:
1. Touch Where to? > Favourites >
All Favourites > Home.
2. Touch Edit, enter your changes,
and touch Done.
If you delete your home location,
you can reset it by following the
steps on page 6.
nüvi 215 owner’s manual
Go! Page Options
➊
➋
➌
➍
➊
Touch to view the route on the
map.
➋ Touch Go! to create a turn-byturn route to this location.
➌ Touch Map to view this
location on the map.
➍ Touch Save to save this
location to your Favourites.
If a mobile phone with Bluetooth
wireless technology is connected,
touch the phone number to call this
location.
7
Where to?
Finding a Place by
Spelling the Name
If you know the name of the
destination you are looking for,
you can spell it using the on-screen
keyboard. You can also enter letters
contained in the name to narrow the
search.
1. Touch Where to? > Points of
Interest > Spell Name.
2. Using the on-screen keyboard,
enter letters of the name of your
destination. Touch Done.
Using the On-Screen
Keyboard
When an on-screen keyboard
appears, touch a letter or number to
enter it.
8
Touch
to add a space. Touch
and
to move the cursor. Touch
to delete a character. Touch and
hold
to erase the entire entry.
Touch Mode to select the keyboard
language mode. Touch 123 to enter
numbers.
Searching Near Another
Location
1. Touch Where to? > Near….
2. Select an option:
• Where I Am Now—search
near your current location.
• A Different City—search near
the city you enter.
• My Current Route—search
along your active route.
• My Destination—search near
your current destination.
nüvi 215 owner’s manual
Where to?
Finding Recently Found
Places
Your nüvi stores the last 50 of your
recent finds in the Recently Found
list. The most-recently viewed places
appear at the top of the list. Touch
Where to? > Recently Found to
view your recently found items.
Deleting Recently Found
Places
To remove all places from the
Recently Found list, touch Clear >
Yes.
Note: When you touch Clear, all
items in the list are removed. This
process does not delete the actual
place from your nüvi.
nüvi 215 owner’s manual
Favourites
You can save places in your
Favourites so you can quickly find
them and create routes to them.
Your home location is also stored in
Favourites.
Saving Your Current
Location
From the Map page, touch .
Touch Save Location to save your
current location.
Saving Places You Find
1. From the Go! page, touch Save.
2. Touch OK. The place is saved in
Favourites.
Finding Saved Places
1. Touch Where to?.
2. Touch Favourites. Your saved
locations are listed.
9
Where to?
Editing Saved Places
1. Touch Where to? > Favourites.
2. Select the category and the
location you want to edit.
3. Touch Edit.
4. Touch an item to edit:
• Change Name—enter a new
name, and touch Done.
• Attach/Change Photo—
select a picture that you have
loaded on your nüvi or on a
memory card to assign to the
location.
• Change Map Symbol—touch
a new symbol used to mark
this location on the map.
• Change Phone Number—
enter a phone number, and
touch Done.
• Change Categories—select
another category for the
location.
10
•
Delete—touch Yes to remove
this item from the Favourites
list.
Finding a Place Using
the Map
Use the Browse Map page to view
different parts of the map. Touch
Where to? > Browse Map.
Tips for Browsing the Map
• Touch the map, and drag to view
different parts of the map.
• Touch and to zoom in and
out.
• Touch any object on the map.
An arrow appears pointing at the
object.
• Touch Save to save this location.
• Touch Go! to navigate to the
location.
• If the GPS mode is off, touch Set
Loc to set your location to the
selected location.(See page 24)
nüvi 215 owner’s manual
Where to?
Entering Coordinates
If you know the geographic
coordinates of your destination, you
can use your nüvi to navigate to your
destination using the latitude and
longitude coordinates. This can be
especially helpful when geocaching.
1. Touch Where to? > Coordinates.
2. Touch a box to enter a coordinate.
3. Touch Format to change the type
of coordinates. Because different
maps and charts use different
coordinate formats, the nüvi
allows you to select the correct
coordinate format for the type of
map you are using.
4. Enter the coordinates, and touch
Next.
nüvi 215 owner’s manual
Using Photo Navigation
Panoramio™ provides pictures that
include location information. You
can load these pictures on your nüvi
or on a memory card and create
routes to them. Go to http://connect
.garmin.com/photos to download
pictures with location information.
See page 20 for more information.
1. Touch Where to? > Favourites >
Panoramio Photos. Pictures you
have saved on the nüvi drive or
on the memory card are listed.
2. Touch a picture.
Navigating Off Road
If you are not following roadways
as you navigate, use Off Road
mode. Touch Tools > Settings >
Navigation > Route Preference >
Off Road > OK.
11
Using the Map
Using the Map
Your route is marked with a
magenta line. As you travel, your
nüvi guides you to your destination
with voice prompts, arrows on the
map, and directions at the top of
the map. A checkered flag marks
your destination. If you depart
from the original route, your nüvi
recalculates the route and provides
new directions.
➊
➋
➌
➍
➊
Touch to view the next turn.
➋
➌
➍
Touch to view the turn list.
Touch to zoom in and zoom out.
Touch to view the Where Am I?
page.
➎
Touch to view the trip computer.
➎
12
nüvi 215 owner’s manual
Using the Map
Trip Computer
The trip computer displays your
current speed and provides helpful
statistics about your trip.
To view the trip computer, touch the
Speed field on the map.
If you make frequent stops, leave the
nüvi turned on so it can accurately
measure elapsed time during the trip.
Resetting the Trip
Computer
Reset the trip computer before
beginning a trip. From the map,
touch the Speed field. Touch Reset
Trip to reset the information on the
trip computer. Touch Reset Max to
reset the maximum speed.
the distance between turns.
Touch the text bar on the top of the
map to open the turn list. Touch a
turn on the list to view the next turn
for that turn. Touch Show Map to
view the entire route on the browse
map page.
Next Turn
When you are navigating a route, the
next turn shows the turn on the map
and the distance and time left before
you reach the turn.
To view an upcoming turn on the
map, touch the turn indicator on the
map, or touch any turn from the turn
list.
Turn List
When you are navigating a route,
the turn list displays turn-by-turn
instructions for your entire route and
nüvi 215 owner’s manual
13
Making Hands-Free Phone Calls
Making Hands-Free
Phone Calls
Using Bluetooth wireless technology,
your nüvi can connect to your
mobile phone to become a handsfree device. To determine whether
your mobile phone with Bluetooth
technology is compatible with the
nüvi, go to www.garmin.com
/bluetooth.
Bluetooth wireless technology
establishes a wireless link between
devices, such as a mobile phone and
the nüvi. The first time you use two
devices together you must “pair”
them by establishing a relationship
using a PIN or passkey. After the
initial pairing, the two devices can
connect automatically each time you
turn them on.
Note: You might have to set your
mobile phone to connect to the nüvi
14
automatically when it is turned on.
Pairing Your Phone
To pair and connect, your phone and
the nüvi must be turned on and be
within 10 meters of each other.
Initiate pairing from your nüvi or
from your phone. Refer to your
phone instructions.
To pair using your phone
settings:
1. Enable the Bluetooth setting
on your nüvi. Touch Tools >
Settings > Bluetooth.
2. Select Enabled.
3. Enable the Bluetooth component
on your phone. This might be in a
menu called Settings, Bluetooth,
Connections, or Hands-free.
4. Initiate a search for Bluetooth
devices.
5. Select the nüvi from the list of
devices.
nüvi 215 owner’s manual
Making Hands-Free Phone Calls
6. Enter the nüvi Bluetooth PIN
(1234) into your phone.
To pair using the nüvi settings:
1. From the Menu page, touch
Tools > Settings > Bluetooth >
Add.
2. Enable the Bluetooth component
on your phone, and enable
Find Me/Discoverable/Visible
mode. These settings might be
in a Bluetooth, Connections, or
Hands-free menu.
3. Touch OK on the nüvi.
4. Select your phone, and touch OK.
5. Enter the nüvi Bluetooth PIN
(1234) in your phone.
Note: Not all phones support all
features of the nüvi Phone menu.
Receiving a Call
When you get a call, the Incoming
Call window opens. Touch Answer
to answer the call. Touch Ignore to
ignore the call and stop your phone
from ringing.
The internal microphone is in the
front of the nüvi; speak normally.
When your phone is connected to
your nüvi, you are ready to make
phone calls. Touch Phone to access
the Phone menu.
When you turn on the nüvi, it tries to
connect to the last phone to which it
was connected.
nüvi 215 owner’s manual
15
Making Hands-Free Phone Calls
In a Call
During a call, the in Call icon
appears. Touch
> end Call to
hang up. Touch
> Call options
for the following options:
• touch tones—displays a
keypad page so that you can use
automated systems, such as voice
mail.
• transfer Audio to phone—this
is helpful if you want to turn off
the nüvi but remain on the call,
or if you need privacy. To switch
back, touch transfer Audio to
Device.
• Mute Microphone.
Using Call Waiting
When you are on a call and you
receive a second call (call waiting),
the Incoming Call window appears.
Touch Answer to answer the call.
The first call is placed on hold.
To switch between calls:
1. Touch
> Switch To.
2. Touch End Call to hang up. This
does not disconnect the call on
hold.
Phone Menu
From the Menu page, touch phone
to open the Phone menu.
note: Depending on the screen
that appears on your nüvi, the In
Call icon could look different.
note: Not all phones support all
features of the nüvi Phone menu.
16
nüvi 215 owner’s manual
Making Hands-Free Phone Calls
Using Your Phone Book
Each time your phone connects
with the nüvi, the phone book is
automatically loaded into the nüvi.
It can take a few minutes for the
phone book to be available. Phone
book transfer is not available on all
phones.
1. Touch Phone > Phone Book.
2. Touch the phone book entry
(contact) you want to call.
3. Touch Dial to call the contact.
Dialing a Point of Interest
1. Touch Phone > Points of
Interest.
2. Search for the point of interest
you want to call.
3. Touch Dial or touch the phone
number.
Viewing Your Call History
Each time your phone connects
to the nüvi, your call history is
automatically transferred to the nüvi.
It can take a few minutes to transfer
this data to the nüvi.
1. Touch Phone > Call History.
2. Touch a category to view those
calls. The calls are listed in
chronological order. The mostrecent calls are at the top of the
list.
3. Touch an entry, and touch Dial.
Calling Home
Enter a phone number for your home
location so you can quickly call
home.
Dialing a Number
1. Touch Phone > Dial.
2. Enter the number, and touch Dial.
nüvi 215 owner’s manual
17
Making Hands-Free Phone Calls
To enter your phone number:
1. Touch Phone > Call Home.
2. Touch Enter Phone Number to
use the keypad page or Select
From Phonebook (only available
if your phone supports phone
book transfer).
3. Touch Done > Yes. The nüvi dials
your home phone number.
NOTE: To edit your home location
or phone number, touch Where to?
> Favourites > Home > Edit.
To call home:
1. Touch Phone > Call Home.
2. The nüvi dials your home phone
number.
18
Placing Calls Using Voice
Dial
You can place calls by speaking the
contact’s name.
1. Touch Phone > Voice Dial.
2. Speak the contact name.
NOTE: You might need to “train”
your phone to recognize your voice
dial commands. Refer to your phone
instructions.
Phone Status
Check the battery level and signal
strength for your phone by touching
Phone > Status.
nüvi 215 owner’s manual
Managing Files
Managing Files
You can store files, such as JPEG
image files, in the internal memory
on the nüvi or on a memory card.
Note: The nüvi is not compatible
with Windows® 95, 98, Me, or
Windows NT®. It is also not
compatible with Mac® OS 10.3 and
earlier. This is a common limitation
of most USB mass storage devices.
Supported File Types
• JPEG and JPG image files.
• Maps and GPX waypoint files
from MapSource®.
• GPI custom POI files from
Garmin’s POI Loader: see page
34.
nüvi 215 owner’s manual
Loading Files
Step 1: Insert a Memory
Card (Optional)
To insert or remove the memory
card, press it in until it clicks.
Step 2: Connect the USB
Cable
Connect the mini-USB connector
to the back of the nüvi. Connect the
larger end of the cable to an available
USB port on your computer.
Your nüvi and memory card
appear as removable drives in My
Computer on Windows computers
and as mounted volumes on Mac
computers.
Note: Some operating systems or
computers with multiple network
drives can not display the nüvi
drives. See your operating system
Help file to learn how to map the
drives.
19
Managing Files
Step 3: Transfer Files to
Your nüvi
Loading Pictures for
Photo Navigation
1. Browse your computer for the file
you want to copy.
2. Highlight the file, and click Edit >
Copy.
3. Open the “Garmin” or memory
card drive/volume.
4. Click Edit > Paste. The file
appears in the list of files in the
nüvi memory or on the memory
card.
See page 11 and go to
http://connect.garmin.com/photos for
more information.
Copy and paste files from your
computer into the nüvi drives/
volumes.
Step 4: Eject and Unplug
the USB Cable
When you are finished transferring
files, click
in your toolbar
(system tray), or drag the volume
icon to the trash on Mac
computers. Unplug your nüvi from
your computer.
20
1. Connect your nüvi to your
computer.
2. Go to http://connect.garmin.com
/photos, and sign in.
3. Select a photo.
4. Follow the on-screen instructions.
Deleting Files
Connect the nüvi to your computer,
and open the nüvi or memory card
drive/volume. Highlight the file you
want to delete, and press the Delete
key on the computer keyboard.
CAUtion: If you do not know
the purpose of a file, do not delete
it. Your nüvi memory contains
important system files that should
not be deleted.
nüvi 215 owner’s manual
Using the Tools
Using the Tools
The Tools menu provides many
features that are helpful when you
are traveling. From the Menu page,
touch Tools to access the Tools
menu.
to tell emergency personnel your
location. Touch Save Location to
save your current location.
Help
Touch Help to get information about
using your nüvi.
Picture Viewer
Use the picture viewer to view
pictures that you have stored in your
nüvi or on a memory card.
Settings
For information about the settings,
see pages 24–28.
Where Am I?
Touch Where Am I? to view current
location information, including
hospitals, police stations, and fuel.
This feature is helpful if you need
nüvi 215 owner’s manual
1. Touch Tools > Picture Viewer.
2. Touch a picture to view a larger
image of it.
3. Touch the arrows to view all the
images.
Viewing a Slide Show
Touch Slide Sh. to start a slide show,
which displays each image for a few
moments and then displays the next
image.
21
Using the Tools
Touch anywhere on the screen to
stop the slide show. Touch Stop to
return to the list of pictures. Touch
Resume to resume the slide show.
and
to zoom out and
Touch
to zoom in.
If a picture contains location
information, touch Info, and then
touch Go! to create a route to it.
3. Enter a city name, and touch
Done.
4. Select the correct city, if
necessary.
5. Touch Save.
6. Touch World Map to view a map.
Nighttime hours are shown in the
shaded area.
7. Touch World Clock to view the
clocks again, or touch Back to
exit.
See page 20 for more information
about loading pictures to your nüvi.
Calculator
Navigating to a Picture
My Data
Use this tool to manage and delete
your saved data, such as your
Favourites.
World Clock
1. Touch Tools > World Clock.
2. To change a listed city, touch the
city.
22
1. Touch Tools > Calculator.
2. Enter the first number of your
calculation.
3. Touch an operator (÷, ×, -, or +).
4. Enter the second number of your
calculation.
• Touch . to add a decimal.
• Touch ± to make the number
negative or positive.
• Touch % to add or subtract
percentages of a number.
nüvi 215 owner’s manual
Using the Tools
• Touch C to clear the entry.
5. Touch =.
6. Touch C to perform a new
calculation.
Unit Converter
1. Touch Tools > Unit Converter.
2. Touch Conversion, select a type
of measurement, and touch OK.
3. Touch a unit of measure that you
want to change.
4. Select a unit of measure, and
touch OK. Repeat if necessary.
5. Touch the blank rectangle to enter
a value.
6. Enter a value, and touch Done.
The unit is converted.
7. Touch Clear to perform another
conversion.
nüvi 215 owner’s manual
Updating Conversion
Rates
You can update the currency
conversion rates manually so that
you are always using the most
current rates.
1. Touch Tools > Unit Converter >
Conversion. Select Currency.
2. Touch the currency buttons and
select the currencies you want to
update.
3. Touch Update.
4. Touch the boxes next to the
currencies to enter new rates.
5. Touch Save to save the new
rates. Touch Restore to use the
original rates.
23
Customizing the nüvi
Customising the
nüvi
1. Touch Tools > Settings.
2. Touch the setting you want to
change.
3. Touch the button under the setting
name to change it.
be navigating to optimize routes:
Truck, Automobile, Bicycle, or
Pedestrian.
Units—change units of measure to
Kilometers or Miles.
About—display the nüvi software
version number, the unit ID number,
and the audio version number.
You need this information when
you update the system software or
purchase additional map data (see
page 33).
Restore—restore the system settings.
Changing the System
Settings
Changing the Navigation
Settings
GPS Mode—turn on the simulator to
turn off the GPS mode and simulate
navigation and to save battery power.
Route Preference—select a
preference for calculating your route:
Touch Tools > Settings > System.
Usage Mode—specify how you will
24
Touch Tools > Settings >
Navigation.
• Faster Time—to calculate routes
nüvi 215 owner’s manual
Customizing the nüvi
that are faster to drive but can be
longer in distance.
• Shorter Distance—to calculate
routes that are shorter in distance
but can take more time to drive.
• Off Road—to calculate point-topoint routes (without roads).
Avoidances—select the road types
you want to avoid on your routes.
Restore—restore the original
navigation settings.
Adjusting the Display
Settings
Touch Tools > Settings > Display.
Colour Mode—select Daytime
for a light background, Nighttime
for a dark background, or Auto to
automatically switch between the
two.
Screen Shot—turn on Screen Shot
mode. Touch to take a screen
nüvi 215 owner’s manual
shot. The picture bitmap file is saved
in the screenshots folder on the nüvi
drive.
Brightness—adjust the backlight
brightness level. Reducing the
backlight brightness increases your
battery life.
Touch Screen—select Recalibrate
to adjust the sensitivity of the touch
screen.
Restore—restore the original display
settings.
Updating the Time
Settings
Touch Tools > Settings > Time.
Time Format—select a 12-hour,
24-hour, or UTC time format.
Current Time—manually set the
time on your nüvi. Select Automatic
to have the nüvi set the time based
25
Customizing the nüvi
on your location.
Restore—restore the original time
settings.
Setting the Languages
Touch Tools > Settings > Language.
Voice—change the language for
voice prompts.
Text—change all on-screen text to
the selected language. Changing the
text language does not change the
language of user-entered data or map
data, such as street names.
Keyboard—select the keyboard for
your language. You can also change
the keyboard language mode from
any keyboard by touching the Mode
button.
Changing the Map
Settings
Touch Tools > Settings > Map.
Map Detail—adjust the amount of
detail shown on the map. Showing
more detail can cause the map to
redraw slower.
Map View—select a map
perspective.
• Track Up—display the map in
two dimensions (2D) with your
direction of travel at the top.
• North Up—display the map in
2D with North at the top.
• 3D—display the map in three
dimensions (3D) in Track Up.
Restore—restore the original
language settings.
26
nüvi 215 owner’s manual
Customizing the nüvi
Vehicle—touch Change to change
the icon used to display your position
on the map. Touch the icon you
want to use, and then touch OK.
Download additional vehicle icons at
www.garmingarage.com.
Trip Log—show or hide the log of
your travels. To clear your trip log,
touch Tools > My Data > Clear
Trip Log.
Map Info—view the maps and the
version of each map loaded on your
nüvi. Touch a map to enable (check
mark) or disable (no check mark)
that map.
Restore—restore the original map
settings.
Changing Security
Settings
Touch Tools > Settings > Security.
nüvi 215 owner’s manual
Garmin Lock—turn on Garmin
Lock™ to lock your nüvi. Enter a
4-digit PIN, and set a security
location. For more information, see
page 38.
Safe Mode—turn on or off safe
mode. When your vehicle is moving,
Safe mode disables all functions that
require significant operator attention
and could become a distraction while
driving.
Restore—restore the original
security settings. Note that restoring
the security settings will not clear
your Garmin Lock PIN or security
location.
Setting the Bluetooth
Technology Options
Touch Tools > Settings > Bluetooth.
Connections—touch Change... >
OK to pair with a phone that has
27
Customizing the nüvi
Bluetooth wireless technology. See
pages 14–18. Touch Change> Add
Device > OK to connect with a
different phone.
• Drop—select the phone you want
to disconnect, and touch Yes.
• Remove—select the phone you
want to delete from the nüvi
memory, and touch Yes.
Bluetooth—turn on and off the
Bluetooth component. The
Bluetooth icon appears on the Menu
page if the Bluetooth component is
turned on. To prevent a phone from
automatically connecting, touch
Disabled.
Friendly Name—enter a friendly
name that identifies your nüvi on
devices with Bluetooth technology.
Touch Done.
Restore—restore the original
Bluetooth settings. This does not
28
clear the pairing information.
Changing the Proximity
Points Settings
You must have proximity points
(such as custom POIs or a safety
camera database) loaded to adjust
the proximity points settings. See
page 34. Touch Tools > Settings >
Proximity Points.
Proximity Alerts—turn on or off
the alerts when you approach custom
POIs or safety cameras.
Restore—restore the proximity
points settings.
Restoring All Settings
1. Touch Tools > Settings.
2. Touch Restore.
3. Touch Yes.
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Appendix
Appendix
Caring for Your nüvi
Your nüvi contains sensitive
electronic components that can be
permanently damaged if exposed
to excessive shock or vibration. To
minimize the risk of damage to your
nüvi, avoid dropping your unit and
operating it in high-shock and highvibration environments.
Cleaning the Unit
The nüvi is constructed of highquality materials and does not
require user maintenance other than
cleaning. Clean the outer casing
of the unit (not the touch screen)
using a cloth dampened with a mild
detergent solution, and then wipe
it dry. Avoid chemical cleaners and
solvents that can damage plastic
components.
nüvi 215 owner’s manual
Cleaning the Touch Screen
Clean the touch screen with a soft,
clean, lint-free cloth. Use water,
isopropyl alcohol, or eyeglass
cleaner, if needed. Apply the liquid
to the cloth, and then gently wipe the
touch screen.
Protecting Your nüvi
• Do not store the nüvi where
prolonged exposure to extreme
temperatures can occur, because
it can cause permanent damage.
• Do not expose the nüvi to water.
Contact with water can cause this
unit to malfunction.
• Although a PDA stylus can
be used to operate the touch
screen, never attempt this while
operating a vehicle. Never use a
hard or sharp object to operate
the touch screen because damage
might result.
29
Appendix
Avoiding Theft
• To avoid theft, remove the unit
and mount from sight when not
in use. Remove the residue left
on the windshield by the suction
cup.
• Do not keep your unit in the
glove compartment.
• Register your product at
http://my.garmin.com.
• Use the Garmin Lock feature. See
below for more information.
Locking Your nüvi
Garmin Lock is a theft-deterrent
system that locks your nüvi. Each
time you turn on the nüvi, enter the
PIN or drive to the security location.
1. Touch Tools > Settings >
Security.
2. Touch the button below Garmin
Lock.
30
3. Enter a 4-digit PIN and drive to a
security location.
What is a Security
Location?
Your security location should be a
location you return to often, such as
your home. If the nüvi has satellite
signals and you are at the security
location, you do not need to enter
the PIN.
NOTE: If you forget your PIN and
your security location, you must
send your nüvi to Garmin to get
it unlocked. You must also send a
valid product registration or proof of
purchase.
Calibrating the Screen
If the touch screen is not responding
properly, calibrate the touch screen.
1. Turn off the nüvi.
nüvi 215 owner’s manual
Appendix
2. Turn on the nüvi and hold the
Power key to the left for about
30 seconds until the calibration
screen appears (white screen
with “Press dot”).
Resetting Your nüvi
Slide the power key to the on/off
position and hold it for 8 seconds.
Updating the Software
1. Go to www.garmin.co.in and click
Software Update.
2. Follow the instructions to download
and install the latest software.
You may also contact Garmin
authorised dealer for software update.
Clearing User Data
CAUtion: This deletes all userentered information.
2. Keep your finger pressed until the
pop-up window appears.
3. Touch Yes to clear all user data.
All original settings are restored.
Any items that you have saved are
erased.
Battery Information
To maximize the lifetime of the
battery, do not leave your nüvi in
direct sunlight, and avoid prolonged
exposure to excessive heat.
The
battery icon in the corner
of the Menu page indicates the status
of the nüvi battery. To increase the
accuracy of the battery gauge, fully
discharge the battery and then fully
charge it. Do not unplug the nüvi
until it is totally charged.
1. Hold your finger on the lower-right
corner of the nüvi screen while
turning on the nüvi.
nüvi 215 owner’s manual
31
Appendix
Charging Your nüvi
• Connect the vehicle power cable
to the mini-USB connector on
your nüvi and to a power outlet
in your vehicle. The vehicle key
may need to be turned to ON/
ACC for the nüvi to charge.
• Connect an AC adapter (optional
accessory) to the nüvi and a wall
outlet.
• Connect your nüvi to a computer
using a USB cable(optional
accessory). The computer must
be on for the nüvi to charge.
Changing the Fuse
Caution: When replacing the
fuse, do not lose any of the small
pieces and make sure they are put
back in the proper place.
If your unit will not charge in your
vehicle, you might need to replace
the fuse located at the tip of the
32
vehicle adapter.
1. Unscrew the black, round end
piece, and remove it.
2. Remove the fuse (glass and silver
cylinder), and replace it with a 3 A
fast-blow fuse.
3. Ensure that the silver tip is placed
in the black end piece. Screw on
the black end piece.
Removing the nüvi and
Mount
To remove the nüvi from the cradle,
hold onto the cradle and tilt the nüvi
forward.
To remove the cradle from the
mount, turn the cradle to the right or
left. Apply pressure in that direction
until the cradle snaps off the mount.
To remove the suction cup mount
from the windshield, flip the lever
toward you. Pull the tab on the
suction cup toward you.
nüvi 215 owner’s manual
Appendix
Mounting on Your
Dashboard
Use the enclosed mounting disk to
mount your unit to the dashboard and
comply with certain state regulations.
Caution: The permanent
mounting adhesive is extremely
difficult to remove after it is
installed.
Additional Maps
You can purchase additional maps
for your nüvi. To see a list of maps
that are compatible with your nüvi,
go to your nüvi product page on the
Garmin Web site (www.garmin
.com), and click the Maps tab.
1. Clean and dry the dashboard
where you are placing the disk.
2. Remove the backing from the
adhesive on the bottom of the
disk.
3. Place the disk on the dashboard.
4. Remove the clear plastic cover
from the top of the disk.
5. Place the suction cup mount
on top of the disk. Flip the lever
down (toward the disk).
nüvi 215 owner’s manual
33
Appendix
About GPS Satellite
Signals
Your nüvi must acquire GPS
(Global Positioning System) satellite
signals in order to navigate. If you
are indoors, near tall buildings or
trees, or in a parking garage, your
nüvi may not acquire satellites. Go
outside to an area free from tall
obstructions to use your nüvi.
When your nüvi has acquired
satellite signals, the signal strength
bars on the Menu page are green
. When it loses satellite
signals, the bars turn red or clear
.
refer to the GPS Guide. (See page
xx)
34
Extras and Optional
Accessories
For more information about optional
accessories, go to http://buy.garmin
.com or www.garmin.com/extras, or
contact your Garmin dealer.
Custom Points of Interest
Use the POI Loader to load custom
points of interest (POIs) onto your
nüvi. POI databases are available
from various companies on the
Internet. Some custom databases
contain alert information for points,
such as safety cameras and school
zones.
Go to www.garmin.com/extras, and
click POI Loader to install the POI
Loader onto your computer. For
more information, refer to the POI
Loader Help file. Press F1 to open
the Help file.
nüvi 215 owner’s manual
Appendix
To view your Custom POIs, touch
Where to? > Extras > Custom
POIs.
To change the proximity alert
settings, touch Tools > Settings
> Proximity Points > Proximity
Alerts.
To delete the Custom POIs from
your nüvi, connect your nüvi to
your computer. Open the Garmin\
poi folder in the nüvi drive or the
memory card drive. Delete the file
titled poi.gpi.
nüvi 215 owner’s manual
Specifications
nüvi 215 Series
Physical size: W × H ×D: 9.8 × 7.44
× 1.95 cm (3.86 × 2.93 × .768
in.)
Weight: 141.6 g (5.01 oz.)
Display: W × H: 7.2 × 5.4 cm, 8.9
cm (3.5”) diagonal, 320 ×
240 pixels; 64K colors; bright
QVGA TFT landscape display;
white backlight; touch screen
Case: Not waterproof (IPXO)
Operating temperature range:
32°F–140°F (0°C–60°C)
Charging temperature range:
32°F–113°F (0°C–45°C)
Data storage: Internal memory and
optional removable microSD
card. Data stored indefinitely.
Computer interface: USB 2.0 full
speed mass storage
Operating system: Garmin
35
Appendix
Charge time: Approximately 4
hours
Power input: Vehicle power using
included vehicle power cable
or AC power using an optional
accessory
Usage: 5 W max.
Battery life: Up to 4 hours
Battery type: Non-user-replaceable
rechargeable lithium-ion battery
GPS receiver: High-sensitivity with
HotFix
Acquisition times*:
Warm: <1 sec
Cold: <38 sec
Factory Reset: <45 sec
*Average acquisition times for a
stationary receiver with a clear view
of the sky.
36
Declaration of
Conformity
Hereby, Garmin declares that this nüvi
product is in compliance with the essential
requirements and other relevant provisions
of Directive 1999/5/EC. To view the full
Declaration of Conformity, go to the Web site
for your Garmin product at
www.garmin.com.
nüvi 215 owner’s manual
Appendix
Software License
Agreement
BY USING THE nüvi, YOU AGREE
TO BE BOUND BY THE TERMS AND
CONDITIONS OF THE FOLLOWING
SOFTWARE LICENSE AGREEMENT.
PLEASE READ THIS AGREEMENT
CAREFULLY.
Garmin grants you a limited license to use
the software embedded in this device (the
“Software”) in binary executable form in
the normal operation of the product. Title,
ownership rights, and intellectual property
rights in and to the Software remain in
Garmin.
You acknowledge that the Software is the
property of Garmin and is protected under the
United States of America copyright laws and
international copyright treaties. You further
acknowledge that the structure, organization,
and code of the Software are valuable trade
secrets of Garmin and that the Software in
source code form remains a valuable trade
secret of Garmin. You agree not to decompile,
disassemble, modify, reverse assemble,
reverse engineer, or reduce to human readable
form the Software or any part thereof or create
any derivative works based on the Software.
nüvi 215 owner’s manual
You agree not to export or re-export the
Software to any country in violation of the
export control laws of the United States of
America.
37
Appendix
Troubleshooting
Problem/Question
Solution/Answer
My nüvi never gets
satellite signals.
Take your nüvi out of parking garages and away from tall
buildings and trees. Remain stationary for several minutes.
The suction cup will not
stay on my windshield.
Clean the suction cup and windshield with rubbing alcohol.
Dry with a clean, dry cloth. Mount the suction cup as
described on page 2.
My nüvi does not charge
in my vehicle.
Check the fuse in the vehicle power cable (see page 33).
Ensure the vehicle is turned on and is supplying power to
the power outlet.
Your nüvi can only charge between 32°F and 140°F (0°C
and 60°C). If the nüvi is placed in direct sunlight or in a hot
environment, it cannot charge.
My battery does not stay
charged for very long.
To maximize the time between charges, turn down
the backlight. Touch Tools > Settings > Display >
Brightness.
How do I clear all my
user data?
Hold your finger on the lower‑right corner of the nüvi screen
while it is turning on. Keep your finger pressed until the
message appears. Touch Yes to clear all user data.
My battery gauge does
not seem accurate.
Allow the unit to fully discharge, and fully charge it (without
interrupting the charge cycle).
The touch screen is
not responding to my
touches.
Calibrate the touch screen as described on pages 30-31.
38
nüvi 215 owner’s manual
Appendix
How do I know my nüvi
is in USB mass storage
mode?
When your nüvi is in USB mass storage mode, a picture of
a nüvi connected to a computer is shown. Also, you should
see two new removable disk drives listed in My Computer.
My computer never
senses that the nüvi is
connected.
1. Unplug the USB cable from your computer.
2. Turn off the nüvi.
3. Plug the USB cable into a USB port on your computer
and into your nüvi. The nüvi automatically turns on and
goes into USB mass storage mode. Ensure your nüvi is
connected to a USB port and not a USB hub.
I cannot see any new
removable drives in my
list of drives.
If you have several network drives mapped on your
computer, Windows can have trouble assigning drive letters
to your nüvi drives. See your operating system Help file to
learn how to map or assign drive letters.
How can I find
restaurants near the
hotel I will be staying at
in the future?
1. Touch Where To? > Near > A Different City (and
enter your vacation destination).
2. Find the hotel, and touch Go!.
3. Touch Menu > Where To? > Near > My Destination.
4. Search for a restaurant. Restaurants nearest your hotel
are listed first.
My phone will not
connect to the nüvi.
Touch Tools > Settings > Bluetooth. Verify that the
Bluetooth field is set to Enabled.
Ensure your phone is turned on and is less than 10 meters
(about 33 feet) away from your nüvi.
See www.garmin.com/bluetooth for more help.
nüvi 215 owner’s manual
39
Appendix
GPS Beginner’s Guide
Introduction
Global Positioning System (GPS) technology is changing the way we work
and play. You can use GPS technology when you are driving, flying, fishing,
sailing, hiking, running, biking, working, or exploring. With a GPS receiver,
you have an amazing amount of information at your fingertips. Here are just a
few examples of how you can use GPS technology.
• Know precisely how far you have run and at what pace while tracking your
path so you can find your way home
• Pinpoint the perfect fishing spot on the water and easily relocate it
• Get the closest location of your favourite restaurant when you are out-oftown
• Find the nearest airport or identify the type of airspace in which you are
flying
40
nüvi 215 owner’s manual
Appendix
What is GPS?
The Global Positioning System (GPS) is a satellite-based navigation system
that sends and receives radio signals. A GPS receiver acquires these signals
and provides you with information. Using GPS technology, you can determine
location, velocity, and time, 24 hours a day, in any weather conditions
anywhere in the world—for free.
GPS, formally known as the NAVSTAR (Navigation Satellite Timing and
Ranging) Global Positioning System, originally was developed for the military.
Because of its popular navigation capabilities and because you can access
GPS technology using small, inexpensive
equipment, the government made the system
available for civilian use. The USA owns GPS
technology and the Department of Defense
maintains it.
GPS technology requires the following three
segments:
• Space segment (Page 42)
• Control segment (Page 43)
• User segment (Page 44)
nüvi 215 owner’s manual
41
Appendix
Space Segment
At least 24 GPS satellites orbit the earth twice a day in a specific pattern. They
travel at approximately 7,000 miles per hour about 12,000 miles above the
earth’s surface. These satellites are spaced so that a GPS receiver anywhere in
the world can receive signals from at least four of them.
Each GPS satellite constantly sends coded radio signals (known as
pseudorandom code) to the earth. These GPS satellite signals contain the
following information:
• The particular satellite that is sending the information
• Where that satellite should be at any given time (the precise location of the
satellite is called ephemeris data)
• Whether or not the satellite is working properly
• The date and time that the satellite sent the signal
The signals can pass through clouds, glass, and plastic. Most solid objects such
as buildings attenuate (decrease the power of) the signals. The signals cannot
pass through objects that contain a lot of metal or objects that contain water
(such as underwater locations).
The GPS satellites are powered by solar energy. If solar energy is unavailable,
for example, when the satellite is in the earth’s shadow, the satellites use
backup batteries to continue running. Each GPS satellite is built to last about
10 years. The Department of Defense monitors and replaces the satellites to
ensure that GPS technology continues to run smoothly for years to come.
42
nüvi 215 owner’s manual
Appendix
Control Segment
The control segment is responsible for constantly monitoring satellite health,
signal integrity, and orbital configuration from the ground. The control segment
includes the following sections:
• Master control station
• Monitor stations
• Ground antennas
Monitor Stations
At least six unmanned monitor stations are located around the world. Each
station constantly monitors and receives information from the GPS satellites
and then sends the orbital and clock information to the master control station
(MCS).
Master Control Station (MCS)
The MCS) is located near Colorado Springs in Colorado. The MCS constantly
receives GPS satellite orbital and clock information from the monitor stations.
The controllers in the MCS make precise corrections to the data as necessary,
and send the information (known as ephemeris data) to the GPS satellites using
the ground antennas.
nüvi 215 owner’s manual
43
Appendix
Ground Antennas
Ground antennas receive the corrected orbital and clock information from the
MCS, and then send the corrected information to the appropriate satellites.
User Segment
The GPS user segment consists of your GPS receiver. Your receiver collects
and processes signals from the GPS satellites that are in view and then uses
that information to determine and display your location, speed, time, and
so forth. Your GPS receiver does not transmit any information back to the
satellites.
44
nüvi 215 owner’s manual
Appendix
How Does GPS Technology Work?
The following points provide a summary of the technology at work:
• The control segment constantly monitors the GPS constellation and uploads
information to satellites to provide maximum user accuracy.
• Your GPS receiver collects information from the GPS satellites that are in
view.
• Your GPS receiver accounts for errors. For more information, refer to the
Sources of Errors (Page 51) section.
• Your GPS receiver determines your current location, velocity, and time.
• Your GPS receiver can calculate other information, such as bearing, track,
trip distance, distance to destination, sunrise and sunset time, and so forth.
• Your GPS receiver displays the applicable information on the screen.
nüvi 215 owner’s manual
45
Appendix
Who Uses GPS?
GPS technology has many amazing applications on land, at sea, and in the air.
You might be surprised to learn about the following examples of how people or
professions are already using GPS technology:
Agriculture
In precision farming, GPS technology helps monitor the application of
fertilizer and pesticides. GPS technology also provides location information
that helps farmers plow, harvest, map fields, and mark areas of disease or weed
infestation.
Aviation
Aircraft pilots use GPS technology for en route navigation and airport
approaches. Satellite navigation provides accurate aircraft location anywhere
on or near the earth.
Environment
GPS technology helps survey disaster areas and map the movement of
environmental phenomena (such as forest fires, oil spills, or hurricanes). It is
even possible to find locations that have been submerged or altered by natural
disasters.
46
nüvi 215 owner’s manual
Appendix
Ground Transportation
GPS technology helps with automatic vehicle location and in-vehicle
navigation systems. Many navigation systems show the vehicle’s location
on an electronic street map, allowing drivers to keep track of where they are
and to look up other destinations. Some systems automatically create a route
and give turn-by-turn directions. GPS technology also helps monitor and plan
routes for delivery vans and emergency vehicles.
Marine
GPS technology helps with marine navigation, traffic routing, underwater
surveying, navigational hazard location, and mapping. Commercial fishing
fleets use it to navigate to optimum fishing locations and to track fish
migrations.
Military
Military aircraft, ships, submarines, tanks, jeeps, and equipment use GPS
technology for many purposes including basic navigation, target designation,
close air support, weapon technology, and rendezvous.
Public Safety
Emergency and other specialty fleets use satellite navigation for location and
status information.
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Appendix
Rail
Precise knowledge of train location is essential to prevent collisions, maintain
smooth traffic flow, and minimize costly delays. Digital maps and onboard
inertial units allow fully-automated train control.
Recreation
Outdoor and exercise enthusiasts use GPS technology to stay apprised of
location, heading, bearing, speed, distance, and time. In addition, they can
accurately mark and record any location and return to that precise spot.
Space
GPS technology helps track and control satellites in orbit. Future booster
rockets and reusable launch vehicles will launch, orbit the earth, return, and
land, all under automatic control. Space shuttles also use GPS navigation.
Surveying
Surveyors use GPS technology for simple tasks (such as defining property
lines) or for complex tasks (such as building infrastructures in urban centers).
Locating a precise point of reference used to be very time consuming. With
GPS technology, two people can survey dozens of control points in an hour.
Surveying and mapping roads and rail systems can also be accomplished from
mobile platforms to save time and money.
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Appendix
Timing
Delivering precise time to any user is one of the most important functions
of GPS technology. This technology helps synchronize clocks and events
around the world. Pager companies depend on GPS satellites to synchronize
the transmission of information throughout their systems. Investment banking
firms rely on this service every day to record international transactions
simultaneously.
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49
How Accurate Is GPS?
How Accurate Is GPS?
GPS technology depends on the accuracy of signals that travel from GPS
satellites to a GPS receiver. You can increase accuracy by ensuring that when
you use (or at least when you turn on) your GPS receiver, you are in an area
with few or no obstacles between you and the wide open sky. When you first
turn on your GPS receiver, stand in an open area for a few moments to allow
the unit to get a good fix on the satellites (especially if you are heading into
an obstructed area). This gives you better accuracy for a longer period of time
(about 4-6 hours).
It takes between 65 and 85
milliseconds for a signal to travel from
a GPS satellite to a GPS receiver on
the surface of the earth.
The signals are so accurate that time
can be figured to much less than a
millionth of a second, velocity can be
figured to within a fraction of a mile
per hour, and location can be figured to
within a few meters.
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nüvi 215 owner’s manual
How Accurate Is GPS?
WAAS/EGNOS
The Wide Area Augmentation System (WAAS) is a system of satellites and
ground stations that provides even better position accuracy than the already
highly accurate GPS. Europe’s version of this system is the European
Geostationary Navigation Overlay Service (EGNOS).
The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) developed the WAAS program. It
makes more airspace usable to pilots, provides more direct en route paths, and
provides new precision approach services to runways, resulting in safety and
capacity improvements in all weather conditions at all locations throughout the
U.S. National Airspace System (NAS).
Although it was designed for aviation users, WAAS supports a wide variety
of other uses, for example, more precise marine navigation. To take advantage
of WAAS technology, you must have a WAAS-capable GPS receiver in an
area where WAAS satellite coverage is available such as North America. No
additional equipment or fees are required to take advantage of WAAS.
Sources of Errors
Errors can affect the accuracy of the GPS signal. Take your GPS receiver to an
area with a wide and unobstructed view of the sky to reduce the possibility and
impact of some errors. Here are some of the most common GPS errors.
• Ionosphere and Troposphere Delays—the satellite signal slows down
as it passes through the atmosphere. The system uses a built-in model that
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51
How Accurate Is GPS?
•
•
•
•
•
52
calculates an average delay to partially correct this type of error.
Orbital Errors—this terminology refers to inaccuracies of the satellite’s
reported location.
Receiver Clock Errors—the GPS receiver has a built-in clock that can
have small timing errors.
Number of Satellites Visible—obstructions can block signal reception,
causing position errors or no position reading. The more satellites that your
GPS receiver can view, the better the fix is.
Satellite Geometry/Shading—refers to the relative position of the
satellites at any given time. Ideal satellite geometry exists when the
satellites are located at wide angles relative to each other. Poor geometry
results when the satellites are located in a line or in a tight grouping.
Signal Multipath—the GPS signal bounces off of objects, such as tall
buildings or large rock surfaces, before it reaches the GPS receiver. This
increases the travel time of the signal and, therefore, causes errors.
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Buying a GPS Receiver
Buying a GPS Receiver
Deciding which GPS receiver to buy can be overwhelming. Think about how
you want to use the unit, for example, traveling or running. Keep the following
considerations in mind:
• Product Level—do you want the basics, or do you want all of the bells and
whistles? You can find a unit that fits your needs and budget.
• Power Source—will you be using the unit away from an auxiliary power
source? You might need to carry extra batteries. With some units, you can
use a vehicle adapter or AC power source.
• Portability—do you have a preference between a portable or a built-in
unit? Some units mount directly in the dashboard of your boat, car, or
aircraft.
• Mapping Capability—do you want to know the general direction or streetlevel details of your chosen path? Map data can include streets, restaurants,
tourist attractions, marine data, topography, and so forth.
• Mounts—a mount for your GPS can be useful to keep your hands free
while navigating your bike, boat, car, or airplane. Many units come with a
mount, and several additional mounts are available.
• Ease of Use—some receivers provide a tutorial or an easy-to-use
touchscreen interface. Some even have turn-by-turn voice instructions as
you are navigating your route.
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Buying a GPS Receiver
• Antenna Configuration—where are you going to use the unit? With some
units, you use only the built-in antenna. With other units, you can attach an
external antenna to give you better reception.
• Price—which units fit your price range? An inexpensive entry-level unit
can be a great way to enter the GPS world.
• Software—whether you want to save your favourite locations or plan a
trip, map software can help. You can use your PC or go directly to your
GPS receiver. Your preference for map detail and your specific activities
determine which software is right for you.
Complementary Navigation Aids
Remember, a GPS receiver is a complement to navigation and should not be
the only navigational tool that you use. Using a paper map, a simple compass,
and having knowledge of manual navigation is a good, safe practice.
For more detailed information on GPS technology, refer to the following Web
sites:
• For more information about GPS technology, visit http://gps.faa.gov.
• For more information about the current status of the GPS satellites, visit
http://tycho.usno.navy.mil/gpscurr.html.
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For the latest free software updates (excluding map data) throughout the life of
your Garmin products, go to the Garmin Web site at www.garmin.co.in.
© 2009 Garmin Ltd. or its subsidiaries
Garmin International, Inc.
1200 East 151st Street, Olathe, Kansas 66062, USA
Garmin (Europe) Ltd.
Liberty House, Hounsdown Business Park, Southampton, Hampshire, SO40 9RB UK
Garmin Corporation
No. 68, Jangshu 2nd Road, Shijr, Taipei County, Taiwan
www.garmin.com
Part Number 190-00973-25 Rev. A
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