Garmin | Embraer Prodigy 100 | Garmin Embraer Prodigy 100 Embraer Prodigy Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide

Garmin Embraer Prodigy 100 Embraer Prodigy Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100
Pilot’s Guide
Embraer Phenom 100
Copyright © 2008-2010 Garmin Ltd. or its subsidiaries. All rights reserved.
This manual reflects the operation of System Software version 0734.27 or later for the Embraer Phenom 100. Some differences in
operation may be observed when comparing the information in this manual to earlier or later software versions.
Garmin International, Inc., 1200 East 151st Street, Olathe, Kansas 66062, U.S.A.
Tel: 913/397.8200
Fax: 913/397.8282
Garmin AT, Inc., 2345 Turner Road SE, Salem, OR 97302, U.S.A.
Tel: 503/391.3411
Fax 503/364.2138
Garmin (Europe) Ltd, Liberty House, Bulls Copse Road, Hounsdown Business Park, Southampton, SO40 9RB, U.K.
Tel: 44/0870.8501241
Fax: 44/0870.8501251
Garmin Corporation, No. 68, Jangshu 2nd Road, Shijr, Taipei County, Taiwan
Tel: 886/02.2642.9199
Fax: 886/02.2642.9099
For after-hours emergency, aircraft on ground (AOG) technical support for Garmin panel mount and integrated avionics systems, please
contact Garmin’s AOG Hotline at 913.397.0836.
Web Site Address: www.garmin.com
Except as expressly provided herein, no part of this manual may be reproduced, copied, transmitted, disseminated, downloaded or stored
in any storage medium, for any purpose without the express written permission of Garmin. Garmin hereby grants permission to download
a single copy of this manual and of any revision to this manual onto a hard drive or other electronic storage medium to be viewed for
personal use, provided that such electronic or printed copy of this manual or revision must contain the complete text of this copyright notice
and provided further that any unauthorized commercial distribution of this manual or any revision hereto is strictly prohibited.
Prodigy® is a registered trademark of Embraer-Empresa Brasileira de Aeronautica S.A.
Garmin® is a registered trademark of Garmin Ltd. or its subsidiaries. WATCH®, FliteCharts®, and SafeTaxi® are trademarks of Garmin Ltd.
or its subsidiaries. These trademarks may not be used without the express permission of Garmin.
Bendix/King® and Honeywell® are registered trademarks of Honeywell International, Inc.; Becker® is a registered trademark of Becker
Flugfunkwerk GmbH; NavData® is a registered trademark of Jeppesen, Inc.; XM® is a registered trademark of XM Satellite Radio, Inc.
aopa membership publications, inc. and its related organizations (hereinafter collectively “aopa”) expressly disclaim all warranties,
with respect to the aopa information included in this data, express or implied, including, but not limited to, the implied warranties
of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose. The information is provided “as is” and aopa does not warrant or make any
representations regarding its accuracy, reliability, or otherwise. under no circumstances including negligence, shall aopa be liable for any
incidental, special or consequential damages that result from the use or inability to use the software or related documentation, even if
aopa or an aopa authorized representative has been advised of the possibility of such damages. user agrees not to sue aopa and, to
the maximum extent allowed by law, to release and hold harmless aopa from any causes of action, claims or losses related to any actual
or alleged inaccuracies in the information. some jurisdictions do not allow the limitation or exclusion of implied warranties or liability for
incidental or consequential damages so the above limitations or exclusions may not apply to you.
November, 2010
190-00728-03 Rev. A
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
Printed in the U.S.A.
Limited Warranty
LIMITED WARRANTY
Within the warranty period, Garmin will, at its sole discretion, repair or replace any components that fail in normal use. Such repairs or
replacement will be made at no charge to the customer for parts and/or labor incidental to the direct repair of said product. Garmin may,
at its discretion with prior approval, reimburse an authorized Garmin Service Center for associated labor costs incurred for removal and
replacement of the panel mount product installed in an aircraft. The customer shall be responsible for any transportation or other cost. This
warranty does not apply to: (i) cosmetic damage, such as scratches, nicks and dents; (ii) consumable parts, such as batteries, unless product
damage has occurred due to a defect in materials or workmanship; (iii) damage caused by accident, abuse, misuse, water, flood, fire, or
other acts of nature or external causes; (iv) damage caused by service performed by anyone who is not an authorized service provider
of Garmin; or (v) damage to a product that has been modified or altered without the written permission of Garmin. In addition, Garmin
reserves the right to refuse warranty claims against products or services that are obtained and/or used in contravention of the laws of any
country.
THE WARRANTIES AND REMEDIES CONTAINED HEREIN ARE EXCLUSIVE AND IN LIEU OF ALL OTHER WARRANTIES, WHETHER EXPRESS,
IMPLIED OR STATUTORY, INCLUDING ANY LIABILITY ARISING UNDER ANY WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A
PARTICULAR PURPOSE, STATUTORY OR OTHERWISE. THIS WARRANTY GIVES YOU SPECIFIC LEGAL RIGHTS, WHICH MAY VARY FROM
STATE TO STATE.
IN NO EVENT SHALL GARMIN BE LIABLE FOR ANY INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, INDIRECT OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, WHETHER
RESULTING FROM THE USE, MISUSE, OR INABILITY TO USE THIS PRODUCT OR FROM DEFECTS IN THE PRODUCT. Some states do not
allow the exclusion of incidental or consequential damages, so the above limitations may not apply in every case.
Garmin retains the exclusive right to repair or replace (with a new or newly-overhauled replacement product) the product or offer a full
refund of the purchase price at its sole discretion. SUCH REMEDY SHALL BE YOUR SOLE AND EXCLUSIVE REMEDY FOR ANY BREACH OF
WARRANTY.
To obtain warranty service, contact your local Garmin Authorized Service Center. For assistance in locating the nearest Service Center, call
Garmin Customer Service at one of the numbers listed below.
Products sold through online auctions are not eligible for warranty coverage or rebates or other special offers from Garmin. Online auction
confirmations are not accepted for warranty verification. To obtain warranty service, an original or copy of the sales receipt from the original
retailer is required. Garmin will not replace missing components from any package purchased through an online auction.
Garmin International Inc.
1200 East 151st Street, Olathe, Kansas 66062
Telephone:
(913)397-8200
Telephone Toll Free:
(888)606-5482
Facsimile:
(913)397-8282
Facsimile Toll Free:
(800)801-4670
E-mail: orders@garmin.com
avionics@garmin.com
warranty@garmin.com
ii
Garmin (Europe) Ltd.
Liberty House, Bulls Copse Road, Southampton, SO40
9RB, UK
Telephone:
++44 (0) 870-8501243
Telephone Toll Free:
++44 (0) 0808 238 0000
(option 5)
Facsimile:
++44 (0) 238052004
E-mail: avionics.europe@garmin.com
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Warnings, Cautions, and Notes
WARNING: Navigation and terrain separation must NOT be predicated upon the use of the terrain avoidance
feature. The terrain avoidance feature is NOT intended to be used as a primary reference for terrain avoidance
and does not relieve the pilot from the responsibility of being aware of surroundings during flight. The
terrain avoidance feature is only to be used as an aid for terrain avoidance. Terrain data is obtained from
third party sources. Garmin is not able to independently verify the accuracy of the terrain data.
WARNING: The displayed minimum safe altitudes (MSAs) are only advisory in nature and should not be
relied upon as the sole source of obstacle and terrain avoidance information. Always refer to current
aeronautical charts for appropriate minimum clearance altitudes.
WARNING: The altitude calculated by the GPS receivers is geometric height above Mean Sea Level and
could vary significantly from the altitude displayed by pressure altimeters, such as the GDC 74B Air Data
Computer, or other altimeters in aircraft. GPS altitude should never be used for vertical navigation. Always
use pressure altitude displayed by the PFD or other pressure altimeters in aircraft.
WARNING: Do not use outdated database information. Databases used in the system must be updated
regularly in order to ensure that the information remains current. Pilots using any outdated database do so
entirely at their own risk.
WARNING: Do not use basemap (land and water data) information for primary navigation. Basemap data is
intended only to supplement other approved navigation data sources and should be considered as an aid to
enhance situational awareness.
WARNING: Traffic information shown on system displays is provided as an aid in visually acquiring traffic.
Pilots must maneuver the aircraft based only upon ATC guidance or positive visual acquisition of conflicting
traffic.
WARNING: XM Weather should not be used for hazardous weather penetration. Weather information
provided by the GDL 69 is approved only for weather avoidance, not penetration.
Warning: NEXRAD weather data is to be used for long-range planning purposes only. Due to inherent
delays in data transmission and the relative age of the data, NEXRAD weather data should not be used for
short-range weather avoidance.
WARNING: The Prodigy® Integrated Flight Deck, as installed in the Embraer Phenom 100 aircraft, has a very
high degree of functional integrity. However, the pilot must recognize that providing monitoring and/or
self-test capability for all conceivable system failures is not practical. Although unlikely, it may be possible
for erroneous operation to occur without a fault indication shown by the system. It is thus the responsibility
of the pilot to detect such an occurrence by means of cross-checking with all redundant or correlated
information available in the cockpit.
WARNING: For safety reasons, system operational procedures must be learned on the ground.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
iii
Warnings, Cautions, and Notes
WARNING: The United States government operates the Global Positioning System and is solely responsible
for its accuracy and maintenance. The GPS system is subject to changes which could affect the accuracy and
performance of all GPS equipment. Portions of the system utilize GPS as a precision electronic NAVigation
AID (NAVAID). Therefore, as with all NAVAIDs, information presented by the system can be misused or
misinterpreted and, therefore, become unsafe.
WARNING: To reduce the risk of unsafe operation, carefully review and understand all aspects of the Prodigy®
Pilot’s Guide documentation and the Embraer Phenom 100 Airplane Flight Manual. Thoroughly practice
basic operation prior to actual use. During flight operations, carefully compare indications from the system
to all available navigation sources, including the information from other NAVAIDs, visual sightings, charts,
etc. For safety purposes, always resolve any discrepancies before continuing navigation.
WARNING: The illustrations in this guide are only examples. Never use the system to attempt to penetrate
a thunderstorm. Both the FAA Advisory Circular, Subject: Thunderstorms, and the Aeronautical Information
Manual (AIM) recommend avoiding “by at least 20 miles any thunderstorm identified as severe or giving an
intense radar echo.”
WARNING: Lamp(s) inside this product may contain mercury (HG) and must be recycled or disposed of
according to local, state, or federal laws. For more information, refer to our website at www.garmin.com/
aboutGarmin/environment/disposal.jsp.
WARNING: Because of variation in the earth’s magnetic field, operating the system within the following
areas could result in loss of reliable attitude and heading indications. North of 72° North latitude at all
longitudes. South of 70° South latitude at all longitudes. North of 65° North latitude between longitude
75° W and 120° W. (Northern Canada). North of 70° North latitude between longitude 70° W and 128° W.
(Northern Canada). North of 70° North latitude between longitude 85° E and 114° E. (Northern Russia).
South of 55° South latitude between longitude 120° E and 165° E. (Region south of Australia and New
Zealand).
WARNING: Do not use GPS to navigate to any active waypoint identified as a ‘NON WGS84 WPT’ by a
system message. ‘NON WGS84 WPT’ waypoints are derived from an unknown map reference datum that
may be incompatible with the map reference datum used by GPS (known as WGS84) and may be positioned
in error as displayed.
CAUTION: The PFD and MFD displays use a lens coated with a special anti-reflective coating that is very
sensitive to skin oils, waxes, and abrasive cleaners. CLEANERS CONTAINING AMMONIA WILL HARM THE
ANTI-REFLECTIVE COATING. It is very important to clean the lens using a clean, lint-free cloth and an
eyeglass lens cleaner that is specified as safe for anti-reflective coatings.
CAUTION: The system does not contain any user-serviceable parts. Repairs should only be made by an
authorized Garmin service center. Unauthorized repairs or modifications could void both the warranty and
the pilot’s authority to operate this device under FAA/FCC regulations.
iv
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Warnings, Cautions, and Notes
nOTE: All visual depictions contained within this document, including screen images of the panel and
displays, are subject to change and may not reflect the most current system and databases. Depictions of
equipment may differ slightly from the actual equipment.
NOTE: This device complies with part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) this device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired operation.
NOTE: This product, its packaging, and its components contain chemicals known to the State of California
to cause cancer, birth defects, or reproductive harm. This notice is being provided in accordance with
California’s Proposition 65. If you have any questions or would like additional information, please refer to
our web site at www.garmin.com/prop65.
NOTE: Interference from GPS repeaters operating inside nearby hangars can cause an intermittent loss of
attitude and heading displays while the aircraft is on the ground. Moving the aircraft more than 100 yards
away from the source of the interference should alleviate the condition.
NOTE: Use of polarized eyewear may cause the flight displays to appear dim or blank.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
v
Revision Information
Record of Revisions
Part Number
190-00728-00
Revision
Date
A
July, 2008
Description
Production release
190-00728-01
A
March, 2009
All
Added ADF
Added ChartView and FliteCharts
Added TAS
Added flight plan import/export
Added other GDU 9.14 parameters
190-00728-02
A
September, 2009
All
Added Synthetic Vision System
TAWS-A
TCAS I
TCAS II
ADF Tuning
Radar Altimeter
Added AOPA Airport Directory
Added Iridium Satellite Telephone and Data Link Services
Electronic checklists
Added dual navigation database capability
Added database synchronization
Added other GDU 10.00 parameters
Copyright
Page
Changed system software number from 0734.19 to
0734.24
All
Added METARs to active flight plan and maps
Updated XM Weather product age and icon display
Added SMS texting
Updated database update procedures
Added other GDU 11.12 parameters
B
190-00728-03
vi
Page Range
A
November, 2010
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Table of Contents
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
1.6
1.7
1.8
Section 1 System Overview
System Description.................................................. 1
Line Replaceable Units (LRU).................................. 2
Prodigy® Controls..................................................... 8
MFD/PFD Controls......................................................... 8
MFD Control Unit........................................................ 10
AFCS Controls............................................................. 11
Audio Panel Controls................................................... 13
Softkey Function. ........................................................ 15
Secure Digital Cards.............................................. 25
System Power-up.................................................... 26
System Operation................................................... 27
Normal Operation. ...................................................... 27
Reversionary Mode. .................................................... 28
AHRS Operation.......................................................... 29
Prodigy® System Annunciations.................................... 30
GPS Receiver Operation............................................... 31
Accessing System Functionality........................... 35
Menus. ...................................................................... 35
MFD Page Groups. ...................................................... 36
MFD System Pages...................................................... 40
Display Backlighting.............................................. 54
Automatic Adjustment................................................. 54
Manual Adjustment..................................................... 54
Section 2 Flight Instruments
2.1 Flight Instruments.................................................. 60
Airspeed Indicator....................................................... 60
Attitude Indicator........................................................ 63
Altimeter.................................................................... 65
Vertical Speed Indicator (VSI). ...................................... 69
Vertical Deviation........................................................ 69
Horizontal Situation Indicator (HSI)............................... 70
Course Deviation Indicator (CDI)................................... 75
2.2 Supplemental Flight Data..................................... 83
Temperature Displays. ................................................. 83
Wind Data.................................................................. 84
Vertical Navigation (VNV) Indications. .......................... 85
2.3 PFD Annunciations and Alerting Functions......... 86
Prodigy® System Annunciations.................................... 86
Marker Beacon Annunciations...................................... 87
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Traffic Annunciations................................................... 87
TAWS Annunciations. .................................................. 88
Altitude Alerting. ........................................................ 88
Low Altitude Annunciation........................................... 89
Minimum Descent Altitude/Decision Height Alerting....... 89
Radar Altimeter........................................................... 91
2.4 Abnormal Operations............................................ 93
Altitude Alerting. ........................................................ 93
Abnormal GPS Conditions............................................ 93
Unusual Attitudes. ...................................................... 94
Section 3 Engine and Airframe systems
3.1 Engine Indication System (EIS)............................. 98
Takeoff Data Set Window............................................. 99
Engine Indications..................................................... 100
Fuel and Electrical Indications. ................................... 102
Cabin Pressurization.................................................. 103
Landing Gear............................................................ 104
Flaps and Trim. ......................................................... 104
3.2 Synoptics............................................................... 105
System Status........................................................... 105
Environmental Control System (ECS)........................... 106
Electrical. ................................................................. 108
Fuel. ........................................................................ 109
Ice Protection System. ............................................... 110
Engine Maintenance.................................................. 112
3.3 Crew Alerting System (CAS)................................ 113
CAS Message Prioritization........................................ 113
CAS Messages.......................................................... 114
3.4 Abnormal Operations.......................................... 119
Engine. .................................................................... 119
Cabin Pressurization.................................................. 119
Flaps........................................................................ 120
Trim......................................................................... 120
Section 4 Audio Panel and CNS
4.1 Overview............................................................... 121
Audio Panel Volume Control....................................... 121
MFD/PFD Controls and Frequency Display.................... 122
Audio Panel Controls................................................. 124
4.2 COM Operation..................................................... 126
COM Transceiver Selection and Activation. .................. 126
COM Transceiver Manual Tuning................................. 127
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
vii
Table of Contents
Quick-tuning and Activating 121.500 MHz. ................. 128
Auto-tuning the COM Frequency. ............................... 129
Frequency Spacing. ................................................... 133
Automatic Squelch.................................................... 134
Volume. ................................................................... 134
4.3 NAV Operation...................................................... 135
NAV Radio Selection and Activation............................ 135
NAV Receiver Manual Tuning. .................................... 136
Auto-tuning a NAV Frequency from the MFD. .............. 138
Marker Beacon Receiver. ........................................... 143
ADF/DME Tuning....................................................... 144
4.4 Mode S Transponder............................................ 148
GTX 33/33D Transponder Controls. ............................. 149
GTX 33/33D Transponder Mode Selection.................... 150
TCAS II Transponder Controls (optional). ..................... 152
TCAS II Transponder Mode Selection (optional)............ 153
Entering a Transponder Code...................................... 155
IDENT Function......................................................... 156
Flight ID Reporting.................................................... 157
4.5 Additional Audio Panel Functions...................... 158
Power-Up. ................................................................ 158
Mono/Stereo Headsets. ............................................. 158
Speaker.................................................................... 158
Intercom. ................................................................. 159
Passenger Address (PA) System. ................................. 160
Simultaneous COM Operation.................................... 160
Clearance Recorder and Player................................... 161
Entertainment Inputs................................................. 162
4.6 Audio Panels Preflight Procedure....................... 163
4.7 Abnormal Operation............................................ 165
Stuck Microphone..................................................... 165
COM Tuning Failure................................................... 165
PFD Failure, Dual System............................................ 166
Audio Panel Fail-safe Operation.................................. 167
Reversionary Mode. .................................................. 167
Section 5 Flight Management
5.1 Introduction.......................................................... 169
Navigation Status Box............................................... 170
5.2 Using Map Displays.............................................. 172
Map Orientation. ...................................................... 172
Map Range............................................................... 174
Map Panning............................................................ 177
Measuring Bearing and Distance. ............................... 182
viii
Topography. ............................................................. 183
Map Symbols............................................................ 186
Airways.................................................................... 192
Track Vector.............................................................. 194
Wind Vector.............................................................. 195
Nav Range Ring........................................................ 196
Fuel Range Ring........................................................ 197
Field of View (SVS). ................................................... 198
Selected Altitude Intercept Arc.................................... 199
5.3 Waypoints.............................................................. 200
Airports.................................................................... 201
Intersections............................................................. 208
NDBs. ...................................................................... 210
VORs........................................................................ 212
User Waypoints......................................................... 214
5.4 Airspaces............................................................... 220
5.5 Direct-to-Navigation . ......................................... 224
5.6 Flight Planning...................................................... 230
Flight Plan Creation................................................... 231
Adding Waypoints to an Existing Flight Plan................ 236
Adding Airways to a Flight Plan.................................. 238
Adding Procedures to a Stored Flight Plan................... 241
Flight Plan Storage.................................................... 248
Flight Plan Editing..................................................... 250
Along Track Offsets. .................................................. 254
Parallel Track. ........................................................... 255
Activating a Flight Plan Leg........................................ 258
Inverting a Flight Plan. .............................................. 259
Flight Plan Views....................................................... 260
Closest Point of FPL................................................... 262
5.7 Vertical Navigation.............................................. 263
Altitude Constraints. ................................................. 265
5.8 Procedures............................................................ 269
Departures. .............................................................. 269
Arrivals . .................................................................. 272
Approaches . ............................................................ 274
5.9 Trip Planning......................................................... 280
Trip Planning. ........................................................... 280
Weight Planning. ...................................................... 284
Weight Caution And Warning Conditions..................... 286
5.10 RAIM Prediction................................................... 287
5.11 Navigating a Flight Plan...................................... 291
5.12 Abnormal Operation............................................ 319
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Table of Contents
6.1
6.2
6.3
6.4
6.5
6.6
6.7
Section 6 Hazard Avoidance
XM Satellite Weather........................................... 321
Activating Services.................................................... 322
Using XM Satellite Weather Products.......................... 323
Airborne Color Weather Radar........................... 350
System Description.................................................... 350
Principles of Pulsed Airborne Weather Radar................ 350
NEXRAD and Airborne Weather Radar ........................ 351
Antenna Beam Illumination........................................ 351
Safe Operating Distance. ........................................... 354
Basic Antenna Tilt Setup. ........................................... 355
Weather Mapping and Interpretation.......................... 357
Ground Mapping and Interpretation. .......................... 369
TAWS-B.................................................................. 370
Displaying TAWS-B Data. ........................................... 371
TAWS-B Page............................................................ 374
TAWS-B Alerts........................................................... 376
System Status........................................................... 382
TAWS-A.................................................................. 384
TAWS-A Page............................................................ 386
TAWS-A Alerts. ......................................................... 388
System Status........................................................... 400
TAWS-A Abnormal operations. ................................... 401
Traffic Information Service (TIS)......................... 403
Displaying TRAFFIC Data............................................ 404
Traffic Map Page....................................................... 406
TIS Alerts.................................................................. 407
System Status........................................................... 409
TCAS I Traffic......................................................... 411
Theory of operation................................................... 411
TCAS I Alerts............................................................. 414
System Test............................................................... 415
Operation................................................................. 416
TCAS II Traffic........................................................ 424
TCAS II Symbology.................................................... 424
TCAS II Alerts............................................................ 425
System Test............................................................... 428
Operation................................................................. 429
System Status.......................................................... 435
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Section 7 Automatic Flight Control System
7.1 AFCS Controls....................................................... 438
7.2 Flight Director Operation.................................... 440
Activating the Flight Director...................................... 440
AFCS Status Box. ...................................................... 441
Flight Director Modes................................................ 442
Flight Director Selection............................................. 442
Command Bars......................................................... 443
7.3 Vertical Modes...................................................... 444
Pitch Hold Mode (PIT)................................................ 445
Selected Altitude Capture Mode (ALTS). ...................... 446
Altitude Hold Mode (ALT)........................................... 446
Vertical Speed Mode (VS)........................................... 448
Flight Level Change Mode (FLC). ................................ 449
Vertical Navigation Modes (VPTH, ALTV). .................... 451
Glidepath Mode (GP) (sbas Only)................................ 456
Glideslope Mode (GS)................................................ 458
Takeoff (TO) and Go Around (GA) Modes..................... 459
7.4 Lateral Modes....................................................... 460
Roll Hold Mode (ROL)................................................ 461
Low Bank Mode........................................................ 461
Heading Select Mode (HDG)....................................... 462
Navigation Modes (GPS, VOR, LOC, BC)....................... 463
Approach Modes (GPS, VAPP, LOC).............................. 465
7.5 Autopilot and Yaw Damper Operation.............. 467
Flight Control. .......................................................... 467
Engaging the Autopilot and Yaw Damper. ................... 468
Control Wheel Steering.............................................. 468
Disengaging the Autopilot and Yaw Damper................ 469
7.6 Example Flight Plan............................................. 470
Departure................................................................. 471
Intercepting a VOR Radial.......................................... 473
Flying a Flight Plan/GPS Course.................................. 474
Descent.................................................................... 475
Approach. ................................................................ 479
Go Around/Missed Approach...................................... 482
7.7 AFCS Annunciations and Alerts.......................... 484
AFCS CAS Messages.................................................. 484
AFCS Voice Alerts...................................................... 485
Overspeed Protection. ............................................... 485
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
ix
Table of Contents
8.1
8.2
8.3
8.4
8.5
8.6
8.7
8.8
8.9
8.10
Section 8 Additional Features
Synthetic Vision System (SVS)............................ 488
SVS Operation. ......................................................... 489
SVS Features............................................................. 491
Field of View............................................................. 499
SafeTaxi................................................................. 501
SafeTaxi Database Cycle Number and Revision. ........... 504
ChartView.............................................................. 507
ChartView Softkeys. .................................................. 507
Terminal Procedures Charts........................................ 508
Chart Options........................................................... 516
Day/Night View......................................................... 522
ChartView Cycle Number and Expiration Date. ............ 524
FliteCharts............................................................. 527
FliteCharts Softkeys................................................... 527
Terminal Procedures Charts........................................ 528
Chart Options........................................................... 535
Day/Night View......................................................... 539
FliteCharts Cycle Number and Expiration Date............. 541
AOPA Airport Directory........................................ 544
AOPA Database Cycle Number and Revision................ 545
Satellite Telephone and Data Link Services...... 547
Registering With Garmin Flight Data Services. ............. 547
Disable/Enable Iridium Transceiver.............................. 550
Telephone Communication......................................... 551
Text Messaging (SMS). .............................................. 564
System Data Logging................................................. 581
XM Radio Entertainment..................................... 587
Activating XM Satellite Radio Services. ....................... 587
Using XM Radio........................................................ 589
Scheduler............................................................... 592
Electronic Checklists............................................ 594
Abnormal Operation............................................ 597
SVS Troubleshooting.................................................. 597
Reversionary Mode. .................................................. 597
Unusual Attitudes. .................................................... 598
Reversionary Sensor Annunciations............................. 607
Prodigy® System Annunciations.................................. 608
Prodigy® System Message Advisories. ......................... 610
TAWS-A Alerts. ......................................................... 623
TAWS-B Alerts........................................................... 625
TCAS I Alerts and Annunciations................................. 626
TCAS II Alerts and Annunciations................................ 627
Other Prodigy® Aural Alerts........................................ 628
Flight Plan Import/Export Messages............................ 628
Database Management................................................. 631
Jeppesen Databases.................................................. 631
Garmin Databases..................................................... 633
Glossary........................................................................... 639
Frequently Asked Questions......................................... 645
General TIS Information................................................ 649
Introduction.............................................................. 649
TIS vs. TAS/TCAS........................................................ 649
TIS Limitations.......................................................... 649
Display Symbols............................................................. 651
Index
Index . ...............................................................................I-1
Appendices
Annunciations and Alerts.............................................. 601
CAS Messages.......................................................... 601
Comparator Annunciations......................................... 606
x
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
System Overview
Section 1 System Overview
1.1System Description
This section provides an overview of the Prodigy® Integrated Flight Deck as installed in the Embraer Phenom
100. The system is an integrated flight control system that presents flight instrumentation, position, navigation,
communication, and identification information to the pilot through large-format displays. The system consists of
the following Line Replaceable Units (LRUs):
• GDU 1240A Primary Flight Displays and Multifunction Display
• GSR 56 Iridium Transceiver (optional)
• GIA 63W Integrated Avionics Unit
• GWX 68 Weather Radar
• GDC 74B Air Data Computer (ADC)
• GCU 475 MFD Control Unit
• GEA 71 Engine/Airframe Unit
• GMC 715 AFCS Control Unit
• GRS 77 Attitude and Heading Reference System
(AHRS)
• GSD 41 Data Concentrator
• GMU 44 Magnetometer
• GMA 1347D Dual Audio System with Integrated
Marker Beacon Receiver
• GTX 33/33D Mode S Transponder (not used with
TCAS II)
• GDL 59 Data Link (optional)
• GTS 850 TCAS 1 System (optional)
• GA 36 and GA 37 GPS/SBAS Antennas
• GA 58 Traffic Avoidance System Antennas
• GSA 81 AFCS Servos
• GSM 86 Servo Gearboxes
• GDL 69A Satellite Data Link Receiver
A top-level system block diagram is shown in Figure 1-1 (it does not include the GA 36, GA 37, GA 58, or GSM
86).
NOTE: Refer to the AFCS section for details on the GFC 700 AFCS.
In the Embraer Phenom 100, the GFC 700 Automated Flight Control System (AFCS) provides the flight director
(FD), autopilot (AP), and yaw damper (YD) functions of the system.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
1
System Overview
1.2 Line Replaceable Units (LRU)
• GDU 1240A (3) – Each unit is configured as one of two PFDs or one MFD. The GDU 1240A features a 12-inch
LCD with 1024 x 768 resolution. The unit installed on the left/pilot side is designated as PFD1, and the one
installed on the right/copilot side is designated as PFD2. The unit installed in the center is designated the MFD.
These units communicate with each other and with the on-side GIA 63W Integrated Avionics Unit through a
High-Speed Data Bus (HSDB) connection.
• GMA 1347D (2) – Integrates NAV/COM digital audio, intercom system and marker beacon controls, and is
installed in dual configuration on the outboard side of PFD1 and PFD2. This unit also enables the manual
control of the display reversionary mode (red DISPLAY BACKUP button) and communicates with the on-side
GIA 63W, using an RS-232 digital interface.
• GCU 475 (1) – Provides the Flight Management System (FMS) controls for the MFD through an RS-232 digital
interface.
• GMC 715 (1) – Provides the controls for the GFC 700 AFCS through an RS-232 digital interface allowing
communication with both PFDs.
2
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
System Overview
• GIA 63W (2) – Functions as the main communication hub, linking all LRUs with the on-side PFD. Each
GIA 63W contains a GPS SBAS receiver, VHF COM/NAV/GS receivers, a flight director (FD) and system
integration microprocessors. Each GIA 63W is paired with the on-side PFD via HSDB connection. The GIA
63Ws are not paired together and do not communicate with each other directly.
• GDC 74B (2) – Processes data from the pitot/static system as well as the OAT probe. This unit provides pressure
altitude, airspeed, vertical speed and OAT information to the system, and it communicates with the on-side
GIA 63W, on-side GDU 1240A and on-side GRS 77, using an ARINC 429 digital interface. The GDC 74B is
designed to operate in Reduced Vertical Separation Minimum (RVSM) airspace.
• GEA 71 (3) – Receives and processes signals from the engine and airframe sensors. This unit communicates
with both GIA 63Ws using an RS-485 digital interface.
• GRS 77 (2) – Provides aircraft attitude and heading information via ARINC 429 to both the on-side GDU
1240A and the on-side GIA 63W. The GRS 77 contains advanced sensors (including accelerometers and rate
sensors) and interfaces with the on-side GMU 44 to obtain magnetic field information, with the GDC 74B to
obtain air data, and with both GIA 63Ws to obtain GPS information. AHRS modes of operation are discussed
later in this document.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
3
System Overview
• GMU 44 (2) – Measures local magnetic field. Data is sent to the GRS 77 for processing to determine aircraft
magnetic heading. This unit receives power directly from the GRS 77 and communicates with the GRS 77,
using an RS-485 digital interface.
• GTX 33 (1) and GTX 33D (1) – Solid-state transponders that provide Modes A, C and S capability. The GTX
33D includes Mode S with diversity and is indicated as ‘XPDR2’. The GTX 33 is indicated as ‘XPDR1’. Both
transponders can be controlled from either PFD, and only one transponder can be active at a time. Each
transponder communicates with the on-side GIA 63W through an RS-232 digital interface. These transponders
are not used when the TCAS II option is installed.
• GDL 69A (1) – A satellite radio receiver that provides real-time weather information to the MFD (and, indirectly,
to the inset map of the PFD) as well as digital audio entertainment. The GDL 69A communicates with the MFD
via HSDB connection. A subscription to the XM Satellite Radio service is required to enable the GDL 69A
capability.
• GDL 59 (1) – Provides system WI-FI connectivity. GDL 59 operation is performed with the MFD through the
HSDB. Connectivity with the GSR 56 is through the RS-232 bus. Computers and/or EFBs (Electronic Flight
Bag) may also be connected through three Ethernet ports.
4
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
System Overview
• GSR 56 (1) – The Iridium Transceiver operation for voice communication is by means of a telephone handset.
The tranceiver can also send and receive data provided by the GDL 59 through the RS-232 bus.
• GWX 68 (1) – Provides airborne weather and ground mapped radar data to the MFD, through the GSD 41, via
HSDB connection.
• GTS 850 (1) – The optional GTS 850 TCAS I uses active interrogations of Mode S and Mode C transponders to
provide Traffic Advisories to the pilot independent of the air traffic control system.
• GSD 41 (1) – This unit is a data concentrator used to expand the input and output capabilities of the system.
Communication is through the High Speed Data Bus.
• GSA 81 (3) and GSM 86 (3) – The GSA 81 servos are used for the automatic control of pitch, roll, and yaw.
These units interface with each GIA 63W.
The GSM 86 servo gearbox is responsible for transferring the output torque of the GSA 81 servo actuator to the
mechanical flight-control surface linkage.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
5
System Overview
• GA 36 (1) and GA 37 (1) – The GA 36 is a through-mount GPS/SBAS antenna. The GA 37 is a through-mount
GPS/SBAS antenna with XM/Data Link.
GA 36
GA 37
• GA 58 – The optional GA 58 is directional antenna for the Traffic Avoidance System. One top-mounted
directional antenna is required. Optional bottom mounted antenna offers better threat visibility.
6
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
System Overview
GWX 68
GSD 41
GSR 56
GDL 69A
GTS 850
(Optional)
GDU 1240A
(PFD #1)
GDU 1240A
GDL 59
(PFD #2)
GCU 475
GDU 1240A
(MFD)
GMC 715
Normal Mode
HSDB Rev
Switch*
MFD Failed Mode
GMA 1347D
#1
GMA 1347D
#2
GMU 44 #1
GMU 44 #2
GRS 77 #1
GRS 77 #2
GIA 63W #1
GDC 74B #1
VHF COM
VHF NAV/LOC
GPS/WAAS
G/S
GDC 74B #2
VHF COM
VHF NAV/LOC
GPS/WAAS
G/S
GSA 81
AFCS Mode Logic
Flight Director
Servo Management
GIA 63W #2
AFCS Mode Logic
Flight Director
Servo Management
(Pitch)
GSA 81
(Roll)
GTX 33
GSA 81
GTX 33D
(Yaw)
GEA 71 #1
GEA 71 #2
GEA 71 #3
* External to the G1000 system
High Speed Data Bus
Figure 1-1 System LRU Configuration
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
7
System Overview
1.3 Prodigy® Controls
NOTE: The Audio Panel (GMA 1347D) and AFCS controls (GMC 715) are described in the CNS & Audio Panel
and AFCS sections respectively.
The system controls are located on the PFD and MFD bezels, MFD Control Unit, AFCS Control Unit and audio
panel. Some controls found on the MFD are duplicated on the MFD Control Unit. These control functions may
be operated from either the MFD or the MFD Control Unit. The controls for the PFDs and MFD are discussed
within the following pages of this section.
MFD/PFD Controls
1
2
4
3
5
6
7
8
Figure 1-2 PFD Controls
9
13
10
14
11
15
12
8
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
System Overview
The following list provides an overview of the controls located on the PFD and MFD bezels (see Figure 1-2).
1
NAV VOL/ID Knob – Controls NAV audio volume level. Press to toggle the Morse code identifier audio ON
and OFF. Volume level is shown in the NAV frequency field as a percentage.
2
NAV Frequency Transfer Key – Switches the standby and active NAV frequencies.
3
Dual NAV Knob – Tunes the standby frequencies for the NAV receiver (large knob for MHz; small knob for
kHz). Press to switch the tuning box (cyan box) between NAV1 and NAV2.
4
Joystick – Changes the map range when rotated. Activates the map pointer when pressed.
5
BARO Knob – Sets the altimeter barometric pressure. Press to enter standard pressure (29.92).
6
Dual COM Knob – Tunes the standby frequencies for the COM transceiver (large knob for MHz; small
knob for kHz). Press to switch the tuning box (cyan box) between COM1 and COM2.
7
COM Frequency Transfer Key – Switches the standby and active COM frequencies. Press and hold this
key for two seconds to tune the emergency frequency (121.5 MHz) automatically into the active frequency
field.
8
COM VOL/SQ Knob – Controls COM audio volume level. Volume level is shown in the COM frequency
field as a percentage. Press to turn the COM automatic squelch ON and OFF.
9
Direct-to Key – Allows the user to enter a destination waypoint and establish a direct course to the selected
destination (the destination is either specified by the identifier, chosen from the active route, or taken from
the map pointer position).
10
FPL Key – Displays the active Flight Plan Page for creating and editing the active flight plan.
11
CLR Key – Erases information, cancels entries, or removes page menus.
12
Dual FMS Knob – Flight Management System Knob. Press the FMS Knob to turn the selection cursor
ON and OFF. When the cursor is ON, data may be entered in the applicable window by turning the small
and large knobs. The large knob moves the cursor on the page, while the small knob selects individual
characters for the highlighted cursor location.
13
MENU Key – Displays a context-sensitive list of options. This list allows the user to access additional
features or make setting changes that relate to particular pages.
14
PROC Key – Gives access to IFR departure procedures (DPs), arrival procedures (STARs) and approach
procedures (IAPs) for a flight plan. If a flight plan is used, available procedures for the departure and/or
arrival airport are automatically suggested. These procedures can then be loaded into the active flight plan.
If a flight plan is not used, both the desired airport and the desired procedure may be selected.
15
ENT Key – Validates or confirms a menu selection or data entry.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
9
System Overview
MFD Control Unit
Many of the controls on the MFD Control Unit (GCU 475) have the same function as those located on the
MFD.
The following list provides an overview of the controls located on the MFD Control Unit (see Figure 1-3):
1
3
2
4
5
6
7
8
9
14
13
12
11
10
Figure 1-3 MFD Control Unit (GCU 475)
10
1
Dual FMS Knob – Flight Management System Knob. This knob selects the MFD page to be viewed; the
large knob selects a page group (MAP, WPT, AUX, NRST), while the small knob selects a specific page
within the page group. Pressing the FMS Knob turns the selection cursor ON and OFF. When the cursor
is ON, data may be entered in the applicable window by turning the small and large knobs. In this case,
the large knob moves the cursor on the page, while the small knob selects individual characters for the
highlighted cursor location.
2
Direct-to Key – Allows the user to enter a destination waypoint and establish a direct course to the selected
destination (the destination is either specified by the identifier, chosen from the active route, or taken from
the map pointer position).
3
FPL Key – Displays the active Flight Plan Page for creating and editing the active flight plan, or for
accessing stored flight plans.
4
MENU Key – Displays a context-sensitive list of options. This list allows the user to access additional
features or make setting changes that relate to particular pages.
5
PROC Key – Gives access to IFR departure procedures (DPs), arrival procedures (STARs) and approach
procedures (IAPs) for a flight plan. If a flight plan is used, available procedures for the departure and/or
arrival airport are automatically suggested. Theses procedures can then be loaded into the active flight
plan. If a flight plan is not used, both the desired airport and the desired procedure may be selected.
6
Joystick – Changes the map range when rotated. Activates the map pointer when pressed.
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
System Overview
7
Alphanumeric Keys – Allow the user to enter data quickly, without having to select individual characters
with the FMS Knob.
8
Plus (+) Minus (-) Key – Toggles a (+) or (-) character.
9
Decimal Key – Enters a decimal point.
10
SEL Key – The center of this key activates the selected softkey, while the right and left arrows move the
softkey selection box to the right and left, respectively.
11
ENT Key – Validates or confirms a menu selection or data entry.
12
CLR Key – Erases information, cancels entries, or removes page menus. Pressing and holding this key
displays the Navigation Map Page automatically.
13
SPC Key – Adds a space character.
14
BKSP Key – Moves the cursor back one character space.
AFCS Controls
1
20
2
3
19 18 17
4
16
5
6
15
14
7
8
9
10
13
12
11
Figure 1-4 AFCS Control Unit (GMC 715)
The GFC 700 AFCS is mainly controlled through the GMC 715 AFCS Control Unit. The AFCS Control Unit
consists of the following controls:
1
10
FD Key – Activates/deactivates the selected flight director (pilot- or copilot-side) in default vertical and
lateral modes. Press the other FD Key to toggle the corresponding PFD’s Command Bars off/on.
2
NAV Key – Selects/deselects Navigation Mode.
3
HDG Key – Selects/deselects Heading Select Mode.
4
AP Key – Engages/disengages the autopilot.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
11
System Overview
11
5
YD Key – Engages/disengages the yaw damper.
6
ALT Key – Selects/deselects Altitude Hold Mode.
7
VNV Key – Selects/deselects Vertical Path Tracking Mode for Vertical Navigation flight control.
8
VS Key – Selects/deselects Vertical Speed Mode.
9
FLC Key – Selects/deselects Flight Level Change Mode.
20
CRS Knobs – Adjusts the Selected Course in 1° increments on the Horizontal Situation Indicator (HSI)
of the corresponding PFD. Press to re-center the Course Deviation Indicator (CDI) and return course
pointer directly TO the bearing of the active waypoint/station.
12
SPD SEL Knob – Adjusts the Airspeed Reference and bug in 1-kt (0.01 M) increments. Press to toggle
the Airspeed Reference units from IAS to Mach.
13
UP/DN Wheel – Adjusts theVertical Speed Reference and bug in 100-fpm increments.
14
ALT SEL Knob – Adjusts the Selected Altitude and bug in 100-ft increments (a finer resolution of 10
feet is available under approach conditions).
15
CSC Key – Selects/deselects Current Speed Control (when Altitude Hold Mode is active)(if available).
16
CPL Key – Transfers selection between the active flight director and standby flight director. When the
flight directors are switched, the modes revert to default. An arrow in the AFCS Status Box indicates
the active FD (pilot- or copilot-side).
17
HDG SEL Knob – Adjusts the Selected Heading and bug in 1° increments on the HSI (both PFDs).
Press to synchronize the Selected Heading to the current heading.
18
APR Key – Selects/deselects Approach Mode.
19
BANK Key – Manually selects/deselects Low Bank Mode.
Additional AFCS Controls
The AP DISC (Autopilot Disconnect) Switch, CWS (Control Wheel Steering) Button, GO AROUND
Switch, and MEPT (Manual Electric Pitch Trim) Switch are additional AFCS controls and are located in the cockpit,
separately from the AFCS Control Unit. These are discussed in detail in the AFCS section.
12
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
System Overview
Audio Panel Controls
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
Figure 1-5 Audio Panel Controls (GMA 1347D)
NOTE: When a key is selected, a triangular annunciator above the key is illuminated.
1
COM1 MIC – Selects the #1 transmitter for transmitting. COM1 receive is simultaneously selected when
this key is pressed allowing received audio from the the #1 Com receiver to be heard. COM2 receiver
audio can be added by pressing the COM2 Key.
2
COM1 – When selected, audio from the #1 Com receiver can be heard.
3
COM2 MIC – Selects the #2 transmitter for transmitting. COM2 is simultaneously selected when this key
is pressed allowing received audio from the the #2 Com receiver to be heard. COM2 can be deselected by
pressing the COM2 Key, or COM1 can be added by pressing the COM1 Key.
4
COM2 – When selected, audio from the #2 Com receiver can be heard.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
13
System Overview
14
5
COM3 MIC – Selects the #3 transmitter (HF) for transmitting. COM3 receive is simultaneously selected
when this key is pressed allowing received audio from the #3 COM receiver to be heard.
6
COM3 – When selected, audio from the #3 COM receiver (HF) can be heard.
7
PA – Selects the passenger address system. The selected Com transmitter is deselected when the PA Key
is pressed.
8
TEL – When selected, activates the SATCOM transceiver.
9
MUSIC – Turns the Music 1 input on or off.
10
SPKR – Pressing this key selects and deselects the corresponding cockpit speaker. Com and Nav receiver
audio will be heard on the speaker.
11
MKR/MUTE – Mutes the currently received Marker Beacon Receiver audio. Unmutes when new marker
beacon audio is received.
12
HI SENS – Press to increase Marker Beacon Receiver sensitivity. Press again to return to normal.
13
DME – Pressing turns DME audio on or off.
14
NAV1 – When selected, audio from the #1 Nav receiver can be heard.
15
ADF – Pressing turns on or off the audio from the ADF receiver, if installed.
16
NAV2 – When selected, audio from the #2 Nav receiver can be heard.
17
AUX – Turns optional DME 2 audio on or off.
18
MAN SQ – Pressing activates/deactivates intercom manual squelch operation.
19
PLAY – Press once to play the last recorded audio. Press during play to play the previously recorded memory
block. Each subsequent press of the PLAY Key will begin playing the next previously recorded block.
20
INTR COM – Pressing selects/deselects the pilot/copilot intercom on both audio panels.
21
CABIN – Pressing activates/deactivates two-way communication between pilot/copilot and passengers.
22
ICS Knob – Turn to adjust intercom volume or squelch. Press to switch between volume and squelch
control as indicated by the ‘VOL’ or ‘SQ’ being illuminated. The MAN SQ Key must be selected to allow
squelch adjustment.
23
MSTR Knob – The Master Volume Control adjusts volume for the blended NAV, COM, and intercom
audio.
24
Reversionary Mode Button – Pressing manually selects Reversionary Mode.
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
System Overview
Softkey Function
The softkeys are located along the bottoms of the displays. The softkeys shown depend on the softkey level
or page being displayed. The bezel keys below the softkeys can be used to select the appropriate softkey. When
a softkey is selected, its color changes to black text on gray background and remains this way until it is turned
off, at which time it reverts to white text on black background.
Softkey On
Softkey Names (displayed)
Bezel-Mounted Softkeys (press)
Figure 1-6 Softkeys (Second-Level PFD Configuration)
Another means of selecting softkeys on the MFD is by using the MFD Control Unit:
Selecting a softkey using the MFD Control Unit
1) Move the softkey selection box to the desired softkey using the arrows of the SEL Key.
2) Press the center of the SEL Key to select the desired softkey.
PFD Softkeys
The CDI, IDENT, TMR/REF, NRST, and MSG Softkeys undergo a momentary change to black text on gray
background and automatically switch back to white text on black background when selected. If messages
remain after acknowledgement, the MSG Softkey will be black on white.
The PFD softkeys provide control over flight management functions, including GPS, NAV, terrain, traffic,
and lightning (optional). Each softkey sublevel has a BACK Softkey which can be pressed to return to the
previous level. The MSG Softkey is visible in all softkey levels. For the top level softkeys and the transponder
(XPDR) levels, the IDENT Softkey remains visible.
Level 1
CAS
Level 2
CAS ↑
CAS ↓
INSET or
TRFC/MAP
OFF
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Level 3
Level 4
Description
Displays the scroll keys. Only displayed when the
number of CAS messages exceeds the capacity of the
display window.
Scroll up CAS messages (Accessible only when the CAS
Softkey is displayed)
Scroll down CAS messages (Accessible only when the
CAS Softkey is displayed)
Displays Inset Map in PFD lower left corner. The
TRFC/MAP Softkey is displayed when the TCAS II
option is installed. Pressing the TRFC/MAP Softkey
displays the Inset Map showing Traffic Map Page.
Removes Inset Map
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
15
System Overview
Level 1
Level 2
DCLTR (3)
Level 3
TRAFFIC
TOPO
Description
Selects desired amount of map detail; cycles through
declutter levels:
DCLTR (No Declutter): All map features visible
DCLTR-1: Declutters land data
DCLTR-2: Declutters land and SUA data
DCLTR-3: Removes everything except for the
active flight plan
Cycles through traffic display options:
TRFC-1: Traffic displayed on inset map
TRFC-2: Traffic Map Page is displayed in the inset
map window
Displays topographical data (e.g., coastlines, terrain,
rivers, lakes) and elevation scale on Inset Map
SYN TERR
Displays terrain information on Inset Map (not available with TAWS-A)
Displays NEXRAD weather and coverage information
on Inset Map (optional feature)
Displays XM lightning information on Inset Map (optional feature)
Displays METAR flags on airport symbols shown on the
Inset Map
Displays softkeys for selecting the #1 and #2 AHRS and
Air Data Computers
Selects the #1 Air Data Computer
Selects the #2 Air Data Computer
Selects the standby air data input
Selects the #1 AHRS
Selects the #2 AHRS
Selects the standby attitude input. Heading input will
come from the #1 AHRS.
Displays second-level softkeys for additional PFD configurations
Displays the softkeys for enabling or disabling
Synthetic Vision features
Displays rectangular boxes representing the horizontal
and vertical flight path of the active flight plan
Enables synthetic terrain depiction
HRZN HDG
Displays compass heading along the Zero-Pitch line
APTSIGNS
Displays position markers for airports within
approximately 15 nm of the current aircraft position.
Airport identifiers are displayed when the airport is
within approximately 9 nm.
TERRAIN
NEXRAD
XM LTNG
METAR
SENSOR
ADC1
ADC2
ADCSTBY
AHRS1
AHRS2
ATTSTBY
PFD
SYN VIS
PATHWAY
16
Level 4
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
System Overview
Level 1
Level 2
DFLTS
Level 3
METERS
Description
Resets PFD to default settings, including changing units
to standard
Displays softkeys to select wind data parameters
Headwind/tailwind and crosswind arrows with numeric
speed components
Wind direction arrow with numeric speed
Wind direction arrow with headwind/tailwind and
crosswind speed components
Information not displayed
Displays the information window for DME number 1
Cycles the Bearing 1 Information Window through
NAV1, GPS/ waypoint identifier and GPS-derived
distance information.
Provides access to the HSI formatting softkeys
Displays the HSI in a 360 degree view
Displays the HSI as an arc
Cycles the Bearing 2 Information Window through
NAV2 or GPS waypoint identifier and GPS-derived
distance information.
Displays the information window for DME number 2
Displays softkeys for setting the altimeter and BARO
settings to metric units
When enabled, displays altimeter in meters
IN
Press to display the BARO setting as inches of mercury
HPA
Press to display the BARO setting as hectopacals
WIND
OPTN 1
OPTN 2
OPTN 3
OFF
DME1
BRG1
HSI FRMT
360 HSI
ARC HSI
BRG2
DME2
ALT UNIT
STD BARO
OBS
CDI
ADF/DME
XPDR
XPDR1
XPDR2
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Level 4
Sets barometric pressure to 29.92 in Hg (1013 hPa if
metric units are selected)
Selects OBS mode on the CDI when navigating by GPS
(only available with active leg)
Cycles through GPS, VOR1 (LOC1), and VOR2 (LOC2)
navigation source on the CDI
Displays the ADF/DME Tuning Window, providing
ADF tuning capability and allowing selection of the
NAV source for tuning each DME
Transponder Softkeys without TCAS II Option
Displays transponder mode selection softkeys
Selects the #1 transponder as active
Selects the #2 transponder as active
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
17
System Overview
Level 1
Level 2
STBY
Level 3
ON
ALT
GND
VFR
CODE
0—7
BKSP
IDENT
TMR/REF
NRST
MSG
XPDR/TFC
MODE
18
Level 4
Description
Selects standby mode (transponder does not reply to
any interrogations)
Selects Mode A (transponder replies to identification
interrogations)
Selects Mode C – altitude reporting mode (transponder
replies to identification and altitude interrogations)
Manually selects Ground Mode, the transponder does
not allow Mode A and Mode C replies, but it does
permit acquisition squitter and replies to discretely
addressed Mode S interrogations (not available with
TCAS II)
Automatically enters the VFR code (1200 in the U.S.A.
only)(not avialable with TCAS II)
Displays transponder code selection softkeys 0-7
Use numbers to enter code
Removes numbers entered, one at a time
Activates the Special Position Identification (SPI) pulse
for 18 seconds, identifying the transponder return on
the ATC screen
Displays Timer/References Window
Displays Nearest Airports Window
Displays Messages Window
Transponder/Traffic Softkeys with TCAS II Option
Displays the transponder and TCAS II system selection
softkeys
Displays transponder mode selection softkeys
Selects transponder Standby Mode (transponder
STBY
does not reply to any interrogations). When the
transponder is set to standby, the TCAS II system is
also set to standby.
Activates transponder (transponder replies to
ON
identification interrogations). When the transponder is
set to ON, the TCAS II system is set to standby.
Altitude Reporting Mode (transponder replies to
ALT
identification and altitude interrogations). When the
transponder is set to ALT, the TCAS II system is set to
standby.
Activates the TCAS II system in TA Only Mode and sets
TA ONLY
the transponder to ALT
Activates the TCAS II system in TA/RA Mode and sets
TA/RA
the transponder to ALT
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
System Overview
Level 1
Level 2
Level 3
BACK
TCAS
REL
ABS
ALT RNG
TEST
BACK
CODE
0—7
IDENT
BKSP
IDENT
TMR/REF
NRST
MSG
CAS
Level 4
Description
Returns to the previous softkey level
Displays the TCAS control softkeys
Displays intruder altitude as altitude relative to own
aircraft altitude
Displays intruder MSL altitude
Displays the altitude display range softkeys
Displays non-threat traffic from 9900 feet above the
ABOVE
aircraft to 2700 feet below the aircraft. Typically used
during climb phase of flight.
NORMAL Displays non-threat traffic from 2700 feet above the
aircraft to 2700 feet below the aircraft. Typically used
during enroute phase of flight.
Displays non-threat traffic from 2700 feet above the
BELOW
aircraft to 9900 feet below the aircraft. Typically used
during descent phase of flight.
UNREST All traffic is displayed
Activates Test Mode and displays test intruder symbols
Returns to the previous softkey level
Displays transponder code selection softkeys 0-7
Use numbers to enter code
Activates the Special Position Identification (SPI) pulse
for 18 seconds, identifying the transponder return on
the ATC screen
Removes numbers entered, one at a time
Activates the Special Position Identification (SPI) pulse
for 18 seconds, identifying the transponder return on
the ATC screen
Displays Timer/References Window
Displays Nearest Airports Window
Displays Messages Window
ADF/DME
Figure 1-7 Top Level PFD Softkeys
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
19
System Overview
ADF/DME
CAS
Select the BACK Softkey on this level to
return to the top softkey level.
CAS ↑
CAS ↓
BACK
Figure 1-8 CAS Softkeys
ADF/DME
CAS
METAR
TRFC-1
Select the BACK or OFF Softkey
to return to the top-level softkeys.
TRFC-2
Figure 1-9 INSET Map Softkeys
ADF/DME
CAS
Press the BACK Softkey to
return to the top level softkeys.
ADC1
ADC2
ADCSTBY
AHRS1
AHRS2
ATTSTBY
BACK
MSG
Figure 1-10 SENSOR Softkeys
20
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
System Overview
ADF/DME
CAS
SYN VIS
DME1
DME2
HSI FMT
NAV1
NAV2
GPS
GPS
OFF
OFF
360 HSI
Select the BACK Softkey
to return to the top-level softkeys
BACK
ARC HSI
METERS
PATHWAY
ALT UNIT
IN
HPA
SYN TERR HRZN HDG APTSIGNS
Figure 1-11 PFD Configuration Softkeys
CAS
ADF/DME
Press the BACK Softkey to return
to the top-level softkeys.
MSG
Selecting BACK returns to the previous softkey level.
MSG
Figure 1-12 XPDR Softkeys (without TCAS II)
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
21
System Overview
CAS
TRFC/MAP SENSOR
PFD
OBS
CDI
(optional)
ADF/DME XPDR/TFC
IDENT
TMR/REF
NRST
MSG
Press the BACK Softkey to return
to the top-level softkeys.
MODE
TCAS
CODE
BACK
IDENT
MSG
Selecting BACK returns to the
previous softkey level.
REL
ABS
ALT RNG
TEST
BACK
MSG
Selecting BACK returns to the
previous softkey level.
ABOVE NORMAL BELOW UNREST
BACK
MSG
Selecting BACK returns to the
previous softkey level.
STBY
ON
ALT
TA ONLY
BACK
TA/RA
MSG
Selecting BACK returns to the
previous softkey level.
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
IDENT
BKSP
BACK
MSG
Figure 1-13 XPDR Softkeys (with TCAS II)
MFD Softkeys
Level 1
SYSTEM
Level 2
ENG SET
LFE
22
Level 3
Description
Accesses EIS softkeys
Accesses the FADEC settings softkeys; displays the Takeoff Data Set
Window when aircraft is parked or taxiing
Selects the continuous thrust rating. Disabled when aircraft is on
CON
the ground.
Selects the maximum climb thrust rating. Disabled when aircraft is
CLB
on the ground.
Increases the takeoff outside air temperature setting in one-degree
OAT ↑
Celsius increments. Disabled when aircraft is in the air.
Decreases the takeoff outside air temperature setting in one-degree
OAT ↓
Celsius increments. Disabled when aircraft is in the air.
ATR ON Enables Automatic Thrust Reserve (ATR). Disabled when aircraft is
in the air.
ATR OFF Disables Automatic Thrust Reserve (ATR). Disabled when aircraft
is in the air.
Returns display to previous softkey level
BACK
ACCEPT Confirms the selected takeoff settings
Accesses softkeys for manually setting the Landing Field Elevation
(LFE)
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
System Overview
Level 1
Level 2
STATUS
ECS
ELEC
FUEL
ICEPROT
ENG MNT
BACK
MAP
TRAFFIC
TOPO
TERRAIN
AIRWAYS
(Default label
is dependant
on map
setup option
selected)
NEXRAD
XM LTNG
METAR
BACK
DCLTR (3)
SHW CHRT
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Level 3
FMS LFE
+500 FT
-500 FT
+50 FT
-50 FT
ACCEPT
BACK
Description
Sets current flight plan destination elevation as displayed LFE
Increases currently displayed LFE value by 500 ft
Decreases currently displayed LFE value by 500 ft
Increases currently displayed LFE value by 50 ft
Decreases currently displayed LFE value by 50 ft
Confirms the LFE setting and returns to the previous softkey level
Returns display to previous softkey level
Displays the System-Status Page
Displays the System-ECS (Environmental Control System) Page
Displays the System-Electrical Page
Displays the System-Fuel Page
Displays the System-Deice Page
Displays the Engine Maintenance Page. Enabled only while aircraft
is on the ground and engines are off.
Returns display to previous softkey level
Enables second-level Navigation Map softkeys
Displays traffic information on Navigation Map
Displays topographical data (e.g., coastlines, terrain, rivers, lakes)
and elevation scale on Navigation Map
Displays terrain information on Navigation Map (not available with
TAWS-A)
Displays airways on the map; cycles through the following:
AIRWAYS: No airways are displayed
AIRWY ON: All airways are displayed
AIRWY LO: Only low altitude airways are
displayed
AIRWY HI: Only high altitude airways are
displayed
Displays NEXRAD weather and coverage information on Navigation Map (optional feature)
Displays XM lightning information on Navigation Map (optional
feature)
Displays METAR flags on airport symbols
Returns to top-level softkeys
Selects desired amount of map detail; cycles through declutter levels:
DCLTR (No Declutter): All map features visible
DCLTR-1: Declutters land data
DCLTR-2: Declutters land and SUA data
DCLTR-3: Removes everything except the active flight plan
When available, displays optional airport and terminal procedure charts
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
23
System Overview
(optional)
MAP
SYSTEM
DCLTR
SHW CHRT
DCLTR-1
DCLTR-2
DCLTR-3
Figure 1-14 Top Level MFD Softkeys
MAP
SYSTEM
ENG SET
LFE
STATUS
FMS LFE +500 FT
CON
CLB
(optional)
SHW CHRT
DCLTR
ECS
-500 FT
+50 FT
OAT ↑
OAT ↓
ELEC
FUEL
ICEPROT
ENG MNT
-50 FT
ATR ON
ATR OFF
BACK
ACCEPT
BACK
BACK
ACCEPT
Figure 1-15 System Softkeys
(optional)
SYSTEM
DCLTR
MAP
SHW CHRT
DCLTR-1
DCLTR-2
DCLTR-3
TRAFFIC
TOPO
TERRAIN
AIRWAYS
AIRWY ON
(optional)
(optional)
NEXRAD
XM LTNG
(optional)
METAR
BACK
Select the BACK Softkey on this level to
return to the top softkey level.
AIRWY LO
AIRWAY HI
Figure 1-16 MAP Softkeys
24
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
System Overview
1.4Secure Digital Cards
NOTE: DO NOT use the database SD cards for any purpose other than database storage.
NOTE: Refer to the Appendices for instructions on updating databases.
NOTE: Ensure that the system is powered off before inserting the SD card.
The GDU 1240A data card slots use Secure Digital (SD) cards and are located on the top right portion of the
display bezels. Each display bezel is equipped with two SD card slots. SD cards are used for the various databases
and system software updates as well as terrain database storage.
Not all SD cards are compatible with the G1000. Use only SD cards supplied by Garmin or the aircraft
manufacturer.
Install an SD card
Insert the SD card in the SD card slot, pushing the card in until the spring latch engages. The front of the card
should remain flush with the face of the display bezel.
Remove an SD card
Gently press on the SD card to release the spring latch and eject the card.
SD Card Slots
Figure 1-17 Display Bezel SD Card Slots
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
25
System Overview
1.5System Power-up
NOTE: Refer to the Appendices for AHRS initialization bank angle limitations.
NOTE: See the Appendices for additional information regarding system-specific annunciations and alerts.
NOTE: See the Airplane Flight Manual (AFM) for specific procedures concerning avionics power application
and emergency power supply operation.
The system is integrated with the aircraft electrical system and receives power directly from electrical busses.
The PFDs, MFD and supporting sub-systems include both power-on and continuous built-in test features that
exercise the processor, RAM, ROM, external inputs and outputs to provide safe operation.
During system initialization, test annunciations are displayed, as shown in Figure 1-18. All system annunciations
should disappear typically within one minute of power-up. Upon power-up, key annunciator lights also become
momentarily illuminated on the audio panels, the control units and the display bezels.
On the PFD, the AHRS begins to initialize and displays ‘AHRS ALIGN: Keep Wings Level’. The AHRS should
display valid attitude and heading fields typically within one minute of power-up. The AHRS can align itself both
while taxiing and during level flight.
When the MFD powers up (Figure 1-19), the MFD Power-up Page displays the following information:
• System version
• Airport Terrain database name and version
• Copyright
• Obstacle database name and version
• Land database name and version
• Navigation database name, version, and effective dates
• Safe Taxi database information
• Airport Directory name, version and effective dates
• Terrain database name and version
• FliteCharts/ChartView database information
Current database information includes the valid operating dates, cycle number and database type. When this
information has been reviewed for currency (to ensure that no databases have expired), the pilot is prompted to
continue. Pressing the ENT Key acknowledges this information and displays the System - Status Page.
Figure 1-18 PFD Initialization
26
Figure 1-19 MFD Power-up Page
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
System Overview
1.6System Operation
The displays are connected via a single Ethernet bus, thus allowing for high-speed communication. As shown
in Figure 1-1. The GIA 63W #1 is connected to PFD1 and GIA 63W #2 is connected to the HSDB switch. This
section discusses the normal and reversionary modes of operation as well as the various AHRS modes of the
system.
In the event of display failure, the display modes are as follows:
• PFD1 failure – MFD enters reversionary mode; PFD2 remains in normal mode.
• MFD failure – PFD1 and PFD2 enter reversionary mode.
• PFD2 failure – PFD1 and the MFD remain in normal mode.
Normal Operation
PFD
In normal mode, the PFD presents graphical flight instrumentation (attitude, heading, airspeed, altitude
and vertical speed), thereby replacing the traditional flight instrument cluster. The PFD also offers control for
COM and NAV frequency selection.
MFD
In normal mode, the right portion of the MFD displays a full-color moving map with navigation information,
while the left portion of the MFD is dedicated to engine, fuel, electrical, cabin pressurization, oxygen, landing
gear, and trim/flaps indication.
Figure 1-20 gives an example of the system displays in normal mode.
PFD1
MFD
PFD2
Figure 1-20 Normal Operation
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
27
System Overview
Reversionary Mode
NOTE: The system alerts the pilot when backup paths are utilized by the LRUs. Refer to the Appendices for
further information regarding system-specific alerts.
Reversionary mode is a mode of operation in which all important flight information is presented identically
on at least one of the remaining displays (see Figure 1-21). Transition to reversionary mode should be
straightforward for the pilot, for flight parameters are presented in the same format as in normal mode.
Figure 1-21 Reversionary Mode
Reversionary mode is activated by pressing the dedicated DISPLAY BACKUP button at the bottom of the
audio panel (see Figure 1-22 and refer to the Audio Panel section for further details). Pressing this button again
deactivates reversionary mode.
Pressing the DISPLAY
BACKUP button activates/
deactivates reversionary
mode for both the on-side
PFD and the MFD.
Figure 1-22 DISPLAY BACKUP Button
Each display can be configured to operate in reversionary mode, as follows:
• PFD1 – By pressing the DISPLAY BACKUP button on the left audio panel.
• MFD – By pressing the DISPLAY BACKUP button on the left or the right audio panel.
• PFD2 – By pressing the DISPLAY BACKUP button on the right audio panel.
28
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
System Overview
AHRS Operation
NOTE: Refer to the Appendices for specific AHRS alert information.
Note: Aggressive maneuvering while the AHRS is not operating normally can degrade AHRS accuracy.
In addition to using internal sensors, the GRS 77 AHRS uses GPS information, magnetic field data and air
data to assist in attitude/heading calculations. In normal mode, the AHRS relies upon GPS and magnetic
field measurements. If either of these external measurements is unavailable or invalid, the AHRS uses air
data information for attitude determination. Four AHRS modes of operation are available (see Figure 1-23)
and depend upon the combination of available sensor inputs. Loss of air data, GPS, or magnetometer sensor
inputs is communicated to the pilot by message advisory alerts.
available
unavailable
GPS Data
unavailable
available
unavailable
le
ab
AHRS
no-GPS
Mode
ail
av
AHRS no- AHRS no-Mag/
Mag Mode
no-Air Mode
Heading Invalid
Air Data
un
available
Air Data
AHRS Normal
Operation
Magnetometer Data
available
available
unavailable
Magnetometer Data
Attitude/Heading Invalid
Figure 1-23 AHRS Operation
GPS Input Failure
Note: In-flight initialization of AHRS, when operating without any valid source of GPS data and at true
air speed values greater than approximately 200 knots, is not guaranteed. Under these rare conditions, it
is possible for in-flight AHRS initialization to take an indefinite amount of time which would result in an
extended period of time where valid AHRS outputs are unavailable.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
29
System Overview
The system provides two sources of GPS information. If a single GPS receiver fails, or if the information provided
from one of the GPS receivers is unreliable, the AHRS seamlessly transitions to using the other GPS receiver. An
alert message informs the pilot of the use of the backup GPS path. If both GPS inputs fail, the AHRS continues to
operate in reversionary No-GPS mode so long as the air data and magnetometer inputs are available and valid.
Air Data Input Failure
A failure of the air data input has no effect on AHRS output while AHRS is operating in normal mode. A failure
of the air data input while the AHRS is operating in reversionary No-GPS mode results in invalid attitude and
heading information on the PFD (as indicated by red “X” flags).
Magnetometer Failure
If the magnetometer input fails, the AHRS transitions to one of the reversionary No-Magnetometer modes and
continues to output valid attitude information. However, if the aircraft is airborne, the heading output on the
PFD does become invalid (as indicated by a red “X”).
Prodigy® System Annunciations
NOTE: For a detailed description of all annunciations and alerts, refer to Appendix A. Refer to the Airplane
Flight Manual (AFM) for additional information regarding pilot responses to these annunciations.
When an LRU or an LRU function fails, a large red “X” is typically displayed on windows associated with the
failed data (Figure 1-24 displays all possible flags and responsible LRUs). Upon system power-up, certain windows
remain invalid as equipment begins to initialize. All windows should be operational within one minute of powerup. If any window remains flagged, the system should be serviced by a Garmin-authorized repair facility.
GIA 63W Integrated
Avionics Units
GIA 63W Integrated
Avionics Units
GDC 74B Air
Data Computer
FADEC
GRS 77 AHRS
Or
GMU 44
Magnetometer
GEA 71 Engine
Airframe Unit
KRA 405B Radar
Altimeter or GIA
63W Integrated
Avionics Units
Pressure Controller
GEA 71 Engine
Airframe Unit
& GSD 71 Data
Concentrator
GIA 63W Integrated
Avionics Units &
GEA 71 Engine
Airframe Unit
GIA 63W Integrated
Avionics Units
FADEC
GDC 74B Air
Data Computer
GTX 33/D Transponder
Or
GIA 63W Integrated
Avionics Units
Figure 1-24 System Failure Annunciations
30
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
System Overview
GPS Receiver Operation
Each GIA 63W Integrated Avionics Unit (GIA) contains a GPS receiver. Information collected by the specified
receiver (GPS1 for the #1 GIA or GPS2 for the #2 GIA) may be viewed on the AUX - GPS Status Page.
GPS1 provides information to the pilot-side PFD and GPS2 provides data to the copilot-side PFD. Internal
system checking is performed to ensure both GPS receivers are providing accurate data to the PFDs. In some
circumstances, both GPS receivers may be providing accurate data, but one receiver may be providing a better
GPS solution than the other receiver. In this case the GPS receiver producing the better solution will be
automatically coupled to both PFDs. “BOTH ON GPS 1” or “BOTH ON GPS 2” will then be displayed in the
Reversionary Sensor Window (see Appendix A) indicating which GPS receiver is being used. Both GPS receivers
are still functioning properly, but one receiver is performing better than the other at that particular time.
These GPS sensor annunciations are most often seen after system power-up when one GPS receiver has
acquired satellites before the other, or one of the GPS receivers has not yet acquired an SBAS (Satellite Based
Augmentation System) signal. While the aircraft is on the ground, the SBAS signal may be blocked by
obstructions causing one GPS receiver to have difficulty acquiring a good signal. Also, while airborne, turning
the aircraft may result in one of the GPS receivers temporarily losing the SBAS signal.
If the sensor annunciation persists, check for a system failure message in the Messages Window on the PFD.
If no failure message exists, check the GPS Status Page and compare the information for GPS1 and GPS2.
Discrepancies may indicate a problem.
Viewing GPS receiver status information:
1) Use the large FMS Knob on the MFD to select the Auxiliary Page Group (see Section 1.7 for information on
navigating MFD page groups).
2) Use the small FMS Knob to select GPS Status Page.
Selecting the GPS receiver for which data may be reviewed:
1) Use the FMS Knob to select the AUX - GPS Status Page.
2) To change the selected GPS receiver:
a) Press the desired GPS Softkey.
Or:
a) Press the MENU Key.
b) Use the FMS Knob to highlight the receiver which is not selected and press the ENT Key.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
31
System Overview
Satellite Constellation
Diagram
Satellite Signal
Information Status
GPS Receiver
Status
RAIM
Availability
Prediction
SBAS
Selected
Satellite Signal
Strength Bars
GPS Selection
Softkeys
RAIM Softkey
Selected
SBAS Softkey
Selected
Figure 1-25 GPS Status Page (RAIM or SBAS Selected)
The GPS Status Page provides the following information:
• Satellite constellation diagram
Satellites currently in view are shown at their respective positions on a sky view diagram. The sky view is
always in a north-up orientation, with the outer circle representing the horizon, the inner circle representing
45° above the horizon, and the center point showing the position directly overhead.
Each satellite is represented by an oval containing the Pseudo-random noise (PRN) number (i.e., satellite
identification number). Satellites whose signals are currently being used are represented by solid ovals.
• Satellite signal information status
The accuracy of the aircraft’s GPS fix is calculated using Estimated Position Uncertainty (EPU), Dilution
of Precision (DOP), and horizontal and vertical figures of merit (HFOM and VFOM). EPU is the radius of a
circle centered on an estimated horizontal position in which actual position has 95% probability of laying.
EPU is a statistical error indication and not an actual error measurement.
DOP measures satellite geometry quality (i.e., number of satellites received and where they are relative to
each other) on a range from 0.0 to 9.9, with lower numbers denoting better accuracy. HFOM and VFOM,
measures of horizontal and vertical position uncertainty, are the current 95% confidence horizontal and
vertical accuracy values reported by the GPS receiver.
The current calculated GPS position, time, altitude, ground speed, and track for the aircraft are displayed
below the satellite signal accuracy measurements.
32
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
System Overview
• GPS receiver status
The selected GPS receiver is indicated for the pilot and copilot display.
The GPS solution type (ACQUIRING, 2D NAV, 2D DIFF NAV, 3D NAV, 3D DIFF NAV) for the active GPS
receiver (GPS1 or GPS2) is shown in the upper right of the GPS Status Page. When the receiver is in the process
of acquiring enough satellite signals for navigation, the receiver uses satellite orbital data (collected continuously
from the satellites) and last known position to determine the satellites that should be in view. ACQUIRING is
indicated as the solution until a sufficient number of satellites have been acquired for computing a solution.
When the receiver is in the process of acquiring a 3D navigational GPS solution, 3D NAV is indicated as the
solution until the 3D differential fix has finished acquisition. SBAS (Satellite-Based Augmentation System) will
indicate INACTIVE. When acquisition is complete, the solution status will indicate 3D DIFF NAV and SBAS
will indicate ACTIVE.
• RAIM (Receiver Autonomous Integrity Monitoring) Prediction (RAIM Softkey is selected)
In most cases performing a RAIM prediction will not be necessary. However, in some cases, the selected
approach may be outside the SBAS coverage area and it may be necessary to perform a RAIM prediction for the
intended approach.
Receiver Autonomous Integrity Monitoring (RAIM) is a GPS receiver function that performs a consistency
check on all tracked satellites. RAIM ensures that the available satellite geometry allows the receiver to calculate
a position within a specified RAIM protection limit (2.0 nautical miles for oceanic and enroute, 1.0 nm for
terminal, and 0.3 nm for non-precision approaches). During oceanic, enroute, and terminal phases of flight,
RAIM is available nearly 100% of the time.
The RAIM prediction function also indicates whether RAIM is available at a specified date and time. RAIM
computations predict satellite coverage within ±15 min of the specified arrival date and time.
Because of the tighter protection limit on approaches, there may be times when RAIM is not available. The
system automatically monitors RAIM and warns with an alert message when it is not available. If RAIM is not
predicted to be available for the final approach course, the approach does not become active, as indicated by the
messages “Approach is not active” and “RAIM not available from FAF to MAP”. If RAIM is not available when
crossing the FAF, the missed approach procedure must be flown.
Predicting RAIM availability:
1) Select the GPS Status Page.
2) If necessary, select the RAIM Softkey.
3) Press the FMS Knob. The ‘WAYPOINT’ field is highlighted.
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to display the Waypoint Information Window.
5) Enter the desired waypoint:
a) Use the FMS Knob to enter the desired waypoint by identifier, facility, or city name and press the ENT Key. Refer
to Section 1.7 for instructions on entering alphanumeric data into the system.
Or:
a) Use the large FMS Knob to scroll to the Most Recent Waypoints List.
b) Use the small FMS Knob to highlight the desired waypoint in the list and press the ENT Key. The system
automatically fills in the identifier, facility, and city fields with the information for the selected waypoint.
c) Press the ENT Key to accept the waypoint entry.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
33
System Overview
Or:
a) To use the present position, press the MENU Key.
b) With ‘Set WPT to Present Position’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
c) Press the ENT Key to accept the waypoint entry.
6) Use the FMS Knob to enter an arrival time and press the ENT Key.
7) Use the FMS Knob to enter an arrival date and press the ENT Key.
8) With the cursor highlighting ‘COMPUTE RAIM?’, press the ENT Key. Once RAIM availability is computed, one
of the following is displayed:
• ‘COMPUTE RAIM?’—RAIM has not been computed for the current waypoint, time, and date combination
• ‘COMPUTING AVAILABILITY’—RAIM calculation in progress
• ‘RAIM AVAILABLE’—RAIM is predicted to be available for the specified waypoint, time, and date
• ‘RAIM NOT AVAILABLE’—RAIM is predicted to be unavailable for the specified waypoint, time, and date
• SBAS Selection (SBAS Softkey is pressed)(WAAS, EGNOS, or MSAS capable systems only)
In certain situations, such as when the aircraft is outside or on the fringe of the WAAS, EGNOS, or MSAS
coverage area, it may be desirable to disable the reception of the applicable SBAS signal (although it is not
recommended). When disabled, the SBAS field in the GPS Status box indicates DISABLED. There may be a
small delay for the GPS Status box to be updated upon WAAS, EGNOS, and MSAS enabling/disabling.
Disabling WAAS, EGNOS or MSAS
1) Select the GPS Status Page.
2) If necessary, select the SBAS Softkey.
3) Press the FMS Knob, and turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the desired SBAS system.
4) Press the ENT Key to uncheck the box.
5) Press the FMS Knob to remove the cursor.
• GPS Satellite Signal Strengths
The GPS Status Page can be helpful in troubleshooting weak (or missing) signal levels due to poor satellite
coverage or installation problems. As the GPS receiver locks onto satellites, a signal strength bar is displayed
for each satellite in view, with the appropriate satellite PRN number (01-32 or 120-138 for WAAS) below each
bar. The progress of satellite acquisition is shown in three stages, as indicated by signal bar appearance:
- No bar—Receiver is looking for the indicated satellite
- Hollow bar—Receiver has found the satellite and is collecting data
- Light blue bar—Receiver has collected the necessary data and the satellite signal can be used
- Green bar—Satellite is being used for the GPS solution
- Checkered bar—Receiver has excluded the satellite (Fault Detection and Exclusion)
- “D” indication—Denotes the satellite is being used as part of the differential computations
Each satellite has a 30-second data transmission that must be collected (signal strength bar is hollow) before
the satellite may be used for navigation (signal strength bar becomes solid).
34
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
System Overview
1.7Accessing System Functionality
Menus
The system has a MENU Key that, when pressed, displays a context-sensitive list of options. This options list
allows the user to access additional features or make settings changes which specifically relate to the currently
displayed window/page. There is no all-encompassing menu. Some menus provide access to additional
submenus that are used to view, edit, select, and review options. Menus display ‘NO OPTIONS’ when there are
no options for the window/page selected. The main controls used in association with all window/page group
operations are described in section 1.3. Softkey selection does not display menus or submenus.
Navigating the Page Menu Window:
1) Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu Window.
2) Turn the FMS Knob to scroll through a list of available options (a scroll bar appears to the right of the window
when the option list is longer than the window).
3) Press the ENT Key to select the desired option.
4) The CLR Key may be pressed to remove the menu and cancel the operation. Pressing the FMS Knob also
removes the displayed menu.
No Options with NRST
Window Displayed on
the PFD
Options with FPL
Window Displayed
Figure 1-26 Page Menu Examples
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
35
System Overview
MFD Page Groups
Note: Refer to other supporting sections in this Pilot’s Guide for details on specific pages.
Information on the MFD is presented on pages which are grouped according to function. The page group and
active page title are displayed in the upper center of the screen, below the Navigation Status Box. In the bottom
right corner of the screen, a page group window is displayed by turning either FMS Knob. The page group tabs
are displayed along the bottom of the window. The page titles are displayed in a list above the page group tabs.
The current page group and current page within the group are shown in light blue. For some of these pages
(Airport/Procedures/Weather Information, XM, Procedure Loading), the active title of the page changes while
the page name in the list remains the same.
Active Page Title
Page Group
MFD
Pages in
Current
Group
Page Groups
Figure 1-27 Page Title and Page Groups
The main page groups are navigated using the FMS Knob; specific pages within each group can vary depending
on the configuration of optional equipment.
Selecting a page using the FMS Knob:
1) Turn the large FMS Knob to display the list of page groups; continue turning the large FMS Knob until the
desired page group is selected
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to display the desired page within a specific page group.
There are also several pages (Airport/Procedures/Weather Information and XM pages) which are selected first
from within a main page group with the FMS Knob, then with the appropriate softkey at the bottom of the page
(or from the page menu). In this case, the page remains set to the selected page until a different page softkey is
selected, even if a different page group is selected.
36
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
System Overview
Map Pages (MAP)
Navigation Map
Traffic Map
Weather Radar
(optional)
XM Weather Data Link
(service optional)
TAWS-B/TAWS-A
(TAWS-A optional)
Figure 1-28 Map Pages
Waypoint Pages (WPT)
Airport Information pages
- Airport Information
(INFO-1 Softkey)
- Airport Directory
(INFO-2 Softkey)
- Departure Information
(DP Softkey)
- Arrival Information
(STAR Softkey)
- Approach Information
(APR Softkey)
- Weather Information
(WX Softkey)
Intersection Information
NDB Information
Airport
Information
Pages
VOR Information
User Waypoint Information
Figure 1-29 Waypoint Pages
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
37
System Overview
Auxiliary Pages (AUX)
Weight Planning
Trip Planning
Utility
Reports/Data Link
Pages
GPS Status
Satellite Phone
Pages
System Setup
XM Satellite pages
- XM Information
(INFO Softkey)
- XM Radio
(RADIO Softkey)
Satellite Phone
- Telephone
(TEL Softkey)
- SMS
(SMS Softkey)
XM
Satellite
Pages
Reports/Data Link
- Report Status
(REPORT Softkey)
- WI-FI Setup
(WI-FI Softkey)
Figure 1-30 Auxiliary Pages
System Status
The Flight Plan Pages may also be accessed using the FPL Key on the MFD.
Flight Plan Pages (FPL)
Active Flight Plan
- Wide View, Narrow View
(VIEW Softkey)
Flight Plan Catalog
or
Stored Flight Plan (NEW Softkey)
Figure 1-31 Flight Plan Pages
38
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
System Overview
System Pages (SYS)
System Status
Environmental Control
System
Electrical System
Fuel System
Ice Protection System
Engine Maintenance
Figure 1-32 System Pages
The Checklist Page may be accessed from the page group tab or the CHKLIST Softkey. See the Additional
Features section for a discussion on using the Checklist Page.
Nearest Pages (NRST)
Nearest Airports
Nearest Intersections
Nearest NDB
Nearest VOR
Nearest User Waypoints
Nearest Frequencies
Nearest Airspaces
Figure 1-33 Nearest Pages
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
39
System Overview
In addition to the page groups previously addressed, there are pages for loading procedures which are accessed
by pressing the PROC Key on the MFD bezel. In some instances, softkeys may be used to access the Procedure
Pages.
A menu is initialized, and when a departure, approach, or arrival is selected, the appropriate Procedure
Loading Page is opened. Turning the FMS Knob does not scroll through the Procedure pages.
Procedure Pages
(PROC)
Departure Loading
Arrival Loading
Approach Loading
Figure 1-34 Procedure Pages
For some of these pages (Airport Information pages, XM Satellite pages, Procedure pages), the title of the page
may change.
MFD System Pages
In the Auxiliary (AUX) Page Group, there are two system pages: System Setup and System Status. The System
Setup Page allows management of various system parameters, while the System Status Page displays the status
of all system LRUs.
System Setup Page
The System Setup Page allows management of the following system parameters:
• Pilot Profiles
• Page Navigation
• Date/time
• MFD Data Bar Fields (Navigation Status Box)
(see Flight Management Section)
• Display Units
(see Flight Instruments Section)
• Baro Transition Alert (see Flight Instruments
Section)
• Airspace Alerts (see Flight Management Section)
• Arrival Alerts (see Flight Management Section)
• Audio Alerts
• Flight Director
40
• GPS CDI scaling for GPS navigation source
(see Flight Instruments Section)
• COM Configuration
(see Audio Panel and CNS Section)
• Nearest Airports display criteria
(see Flight Management Section)
• Synchronization of Baro and CDI between PFDs
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
System Overview
Figure 1-35 System Setup Page
Pilot Profiles
System settings may be saved under a pilot profile. When the system is powered on, the last selected
pilot profile is shown on the MFD power-up screen (Figure 1-19). The system can store up to 25 profiles;
the currently active profile, the amount of memory used, and the amount of memory available are shown at
the top of the System Setup Page in the box labeled ‘Pilot Profile’. From here, pilot profiles may be created,
selected, renamed, or deleted.
Figure 1-36 Pilot Profiles (System Setup Page)
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
41
System Overview
Creating a profile:
1) Use the FMS Knob to select the AUX - System Setup Page.
2) Press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘CREATE’ in the Pilot Profile Box.
4) Press the ENT Key. A ‘Create Profile’ window is displayed.
5) Use the FMS Knob to enter a profile name up to 16 characters long and press the ENT Key. Pilot profile names
cannot begin with a blank as the first letter.
6) In the next field, use the small FMS Knob to select the desired settings upon which to base the new profile.
Profiles can be created based on Garmin factory defaults, default profile settings (initially based on Garmin
factory defaults unless edited by the pilot), or current system settings.
7) Press the ENT Key.
8) With ‘CREATE’ highlighted, press the ENT Key to create the profile
Or:
Use the large FMS Knob to select ‘CREATE and ACTIVATE’ and press the ENT Key to activate the new profile.
9) To cancel the process, select ‘CANCEL’ with the large FMS Knob and press the ENT Key.
10) Press the FMS Knob to deactivate the cursor.
Selecting an active profile:
1) Use the FMS Knob to select the AUX - System Setup Page.
2) Press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the active profile field in the Pilot Profile Box.
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to display the pilot profile list and highlight the desired profile.
5) Press the ENT Key. The system loads and displays the system settings for the selected profile.
6) Press the FMS Knob to deactivate the cursor.
Renaming a profile:
1) Use the FMS Knob to select the AUX - System Setup Page.
2) Press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘RENAME’ in the Pilot Profile Box.
4) Press the ENT Key.
5) In the ‘Rename Profile’ window, turn the FMS Knob to select the profile to rename.
6) Press the ENT Key.
7) Use the FMS Knob to enter a new profile name up to 16 characters long and press the ENT Key.
8) With ‘RENAME’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
9) To cancel the process, use the large FMS Knob to select ‘CANCEL’ and press the ENT Key.
10) Press the FMS Knob to deactivate the cursor.
42
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
System Overview
Deleting a profile:
NOTE: The profile that is currently active cannot be deleted. If this is the desired profile to delete, select
another profile, then delete the desired profile.
1) Use the FMS Knob to select the AUX - System Setup Page.
2) Press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘DELETE’ in the Pilot Profile Box.
4) Press the ENT Key.
5) In the ‘Delete Profile’ window, turn the FMS Knob to select the profile to delete.
6) Press the ENT Key.
7) With ‘DELETE’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
8) To cancel the process, use the large FMS Knob to select ‘CANCEL’ and press the ENT Key.
9) Press the FMS Knob to deactivate the cursor.
Date/Time
The Date/Time Box on the System Setup Page displays the current date and time and allows the pilot to set
the time format (local 12-hr, local 24-hr, or UTC) and offset. The time offset is used to define current local
time. UTC (also called GMT or Zulu) date and time are calculated directly from the GPS satellites signals
and cannot be changed. When using a local time format, designate the offset by adding or subtracting the
desired number of hours.
Setting the system time format:
1) While on the System Setup Page, press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the time format field in the Date/Time Box.
3) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the desired system time format (local 12hr, local 24hr, UTC) and press the
ENT Key.
Setting the current time offset:
1) While on the System Setup Page, press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the time offset field in the Date/Time Box.
3) Enter the time offset and press the ENT Key.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
43
System Overview
Display Units
The Display Units Box on the System Setup Page shows the configured units of measure used for each
category. Only the Nav angle, ALT,VS, and POSITION are pilot selectable. The following indicates the
system parameters affected by changes within that category.
• Nav angle (magnetic, true)
When set to ‘MAGNETIC’, magnetic variation is figured into the displayed value. When ‘TRUE’ is
selected, no magnetic variation is calculated and a ‘T’ is displayed next to the value.
Affects the BRG field in the PFD Navigation Status Box.
Affects Current Heading, Selected Heading, and Selected Course boxes on the PFD.
Affects the BRG, DTK, TKE, TRK, and XTK fields in the MFD Navigation Status Box.
• Altitude and vertical speed (feet, meters)
Affects all altitude and elevation displays on the MFD, with the exception of VNV altitudes on the
Active Flight Plan Page.
• Position (HDDD°MM.MM’, HDDD°MM’SS.S”)
Affects all position displays.
To change a Display Units setting:
1) While on the System Setup Page, press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the desired field in the Display Units Box.
3) Turn the small FMS Knob to select from a list of measurement units and press the ENT Key when the desired
unit is highlighted. Press the CLR Key to cancel the action without changing the units.
BARO Transition Alert
See the Flight Instruments section for a discussion on setting the Baro Transition Alert.
Airspace Alerts
The Airspace Alerts Box allows the pilot to turn the controlled/special-use airspace message alerts on
or off. This does not affect the alerts listed on the Nearest Airspaces Page or the airspace boundaries
depicted on the MFD Navigation Map Page. It simply turns on/off the warning provided when the aircraft
is approaching or near an airspace.
Alerts for the following airspaces can be turned on/off in the Airspace Alerts Box:
44
• Class B/TMA
• Restricted
• Class C/TCA
• MOA (Military)
• Class D
• Other/ADIZ
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
System Overview
An altitude buffer is also provided which “expands” the vertical range above or below an airspace. For
example, if the buffer is set at 500 feet, and the aircraft is more than 500 feet above/below an airspace, an
alert message will not be generated, but if the aircraft is less than 500 feet above/below an airspace and
projected to enter it, the pilot is notified with an alert message. The default setting for the altitude buffer
is 200 feet.
Changing the altitude buffer distance setting:
1) While on the System Setup Page, press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the altitude buffer field in the Airspace Alerts Box.
3) Turn the FMS Knobs to enter an altitude buffer value and press the ENT Key.
4) Press the FMS Knob to deactivate the cursor.
Turn an airspace alert on or off
1) While on the System Setup Page, press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the desired field in the Airspace Alerts Box.
3) Turn the small FMS Knob clockwise to turn the airspace alert ON or counterclockwise to turn the alert OFF.
4) Press the FMS Knob to deactivate the cursor.
Arrival Alerts
The Arrival Alert Box on the System Setup Page allows arrival alerts to be turned on/off and the alert
trigger distance set. An arrival alert can be set to notify the pilot with a message upon reaching a userspecified distance from the final destination (the direct-to waypoint or the last waypoint in a flight plan).
Once the set distance (up to 99.9 units) has been reached, an “Arriving at waypoint” message is displayed
in the PFD Navigation Status Box.
Enabling/disabling an arrival alert:
1) Use the FMS Knob to select the AUX - System Setup Page.
2) Press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the ON/OFF field in the Arrival Alert Box.
4) Turn the small FMS Knob clockwise to turn the airspace alert ON or counterclockwise to turn the alert OFF.
5) Press the FMS Knob to deactivate the cursor.
Changing the arrival alert trigger distance:
1) Use the FMS Knob to select the AUX - System Setup Page.
2) Press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the distance field in the Arrival Alert Box.
4) Use the FMS Knob to enter a trigger distance and press the ENT Key.
5) Press the FMS Knob to deactivate the cursor.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
45
System Overview
Flight Director
Two formats are available for the display of the flight director. Single Cue or X-Pointer may be selected.
To change the flight director format:
1) While on the System Setup Page, press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the Format Active field in the Flight Director Box.
3) Turn the small FMS Knob to display and highlight the desired flight director format and press the ENT Key.
4) Press the FMS Knob to deactivate the cursor.
Page Navigation
The large FMS Knob displays the Page Group Tabs and navigates through the tabs. The small FMS Knob
navigates through the pages listed within a specific group. The number of clicks it takes to display the
Page Group Tabs and change to the next tab can be controlled from the Page Navigation box on the AUX
- System Setup Page.
OFF – Displays the Page Group Tabs with one click of either FMS Knob.
ON – Displays the Page Group Tabs and navigates to the next tab with one click of either FMS Knob.
The pilot can select, from the AUX - System Setup Page, the amount of time the Page Group Tabs are
displayed (in the lower right corner of the MFD). The timeout can range from two to ten seconds.
Selecting page navigation settings:
1) Use the FMS Knob to select the AUX - System Setup Page.
2) Press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the ‘Change On 1st Click’ field in the Page Navigation Box.
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to select ‘OFF’ or ‘ON’.
5) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the ‘Timeout Seconds’ field in the Page Navigation Box.
6) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the desired number of seconds
7) Press the FMS Knob momentarily to remove the flashing cursor.
MFD Data Bar Fields
The MFD Data Bar Fields Box on the System Setup Page displays the current configuration of the MFD
Navigation Status Box. By default, the Navigation Status Bar is set to display ground speed (GS), distance
to next waypoint (DIS), estimated time enroute (ETE), and enroute safe altitude (ESA).
Changing the information shown in an MFD Navigation Status Bar field:
1) While on the System Setup Page, press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the desired field number in the MFD Data Bar Fields Box.
3) Turn the small FMS Knob to display and scroll through the data options list and press the ENT Key when the
desired data selection is highlighted.
4) Press the FMS Knob to deactivate the cursor.
46
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
System Overview
The following data may be selected for display in each of the four fields of the Navigation Status Box.
• Bearing (BRG)
• Fuel Over Destination (FOD)
• Distance (DIS)
• Ground Speed (GS)
• Desired Track (DTK)
• Minimum Safe Altitude (MSA)
• En Route Safe Altitude (ESA)
• True Air Speed (TAS)
• Endurance (END)
• Track Angle Error (TKE)
• Estimated Time of Arrival (ETA)
• Track (TRK)
• Estimated Time En Route (ETE)
• Vertical Speed Required (VSR)
• Fuel On Board (FOB)
• Crosstrack Error (XTK)
GPS CDI
The GPS CDI Box on the System Setup Page allows the pilot to define the range for the on-screen course
deviation indicator (CDI). The range values represent full range deflection for the CDI to either side. The
default setting is ‘AUTO’. At this setting, leaving the departure airport the CDI range is set to 1.0 nm and
gradually ramps up to 2 nm beyond 30 nm from the departure airport. The CDI range is set to 2.0 nautical
miles during the en route phase of flight. Within 30 nm of the destination airport, the CDI range gradually
ramps down to 1.0 nm (terminal area). During approach operations, the CDI range ramps down even
further to 0.3 nm. This transition normally occurs within 2.0 nm of the final approach fix (FAF).
If a lower CDI range setting is selected (i.e., 1.0 or 0.3 nm), the higher range settings are not selected
during any phase of flight. For example, if 1.0 nm is selected, the system uses this for en route and terminal
phases and ramps down to 0.3 nm during an approach. Note that the Receiver Autonomous Integrity
Monitoring (RAIM) protection limits follow the selected CDI range and corresponding flight phases.
The GPS CDI Box on the System Setup Page displays the following:
• Selected CDI range (auto, 2 nm, 1 nm, 0.3 nm)
• Current system CDI range (2 nm, 1 nm, 0.3 nm)
Changing the CDI range:
1) While on the System Setup Page, press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the selected field in the GPS CDI Box.
3) Turn the small FMS Knob to display and scroll through the range list and press the ENT Key when the desired
selection is highlighted.
4) Press the FMS Knob to deactivate the cursor.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
47
System Overview
COM Configuration
NOTE: 8.33 kHz VHF communication frequency channel spacing is not required for use in the United States.
Select the 25.0 kHz channel spacing option for use in the United States.
The COM Configuration Box on the System Setup Page allows the pilot to select 8.33 kHz or 25.0 kHz
COM frequency channel spacing.
Changing COM channel spacing:
1) While on the System Setup Page, press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the channel spacing field in the COM Configuration Box.
3) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the desired spacing and press the ENT Key.
4) Press the FMS Knob to deactivate the cursor.
Nearest Airports
The Nearest Airports Box on the System Setup Page defines the minimum runway length and surface type
used when determining the nine nearest airports to display on the MFD Nearest Airports Page. A minimum
runway length and/or surface type can be entered to prevent airports with small runways or runways that
are not of appropriate surface from being displayed. Default settings are zero feet (or meters) for runway
length and “HARD/SOFT” for runway surface type.
Selecting the nearest airport surface matching criteria (any, hard only, hard/soft):
1) While on the System Setup Page, press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the runway surface field in the Nearest Airports Box.
3) Turn the small FMS Knob to display and scroll through the runway options (any, hard only, hard/soft) and press
the ENT Key when the desired selection is highlighted.
4) Press the FMS Knob to deactivate the cursor.
Selecting the nearest airport minimum runway length matching criteria:
1) While on the System Setup Page, press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the minimum length field in the Nearest Airport Box.
3) Turn the FMS Knobs to enter the minimum runway length (zero to 25,000 feet) and press the ENT Key.
4) Press the FMS Knob to deactivate the cursor.
CDI/BARO Synchronization
See the Flight Instruments section for a discussion on synchronizing both PFD’s Course Deviation
Indicators and the altimeter barometric settings.
48
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
System Overview
System Status Page
The System Status Page displays the status and software version numbers for all detected system LRUs.
Pertinent information on all system databases is also displayed. Active LRUs are indicated by green check
marks and failed LRUs are indicated by red “X”s. Failed LRUs should be noted and an Embraer service center
or Garmin dealer informed.
Figure 1-37 System Status Page
The LRU and ARFRM, Softkeys on the System Status Page select the applicable list (LRU INFO or AIRFRAME
window) through which the FMS Knob can be used to scroll information within the selected window.
Selecting the MFD1 DB Softkey (label background changes to grey indicting the softkey is selected) places
the cursor in the DATABASE window. Use the FMS Knob to scroll through database information for the
MFD. Selecting the softkey again will change the softkey label to PFD1 DB. PFD 1 database information is
now displayed in the DATABASE window. Selecting the softkey a third time will change the softkey label to
PFD2 DB. PFD 2 database information is now displayed in the DATABASE window.
The ANN TEST Softkey, when selected, causes an annunciation test tone to be played.
Selecting the SYNC DBS Softkey (label background changes to grey indicting the softkey is selected)
activates the Automatic Database Synchronization feature. When this feature is active, databases are
updated automatically in the MFD and both PFDs from one SD card. For a detailed discussion on database
synchronization, see the SD Card Use section in the Appendices.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
49
System Overview
Utility Page
For flight planning purposes, timers, trip statistics, and a scheduler feature are provided on the AUX - Utility
Page. The timers available include a stopwatch-like generic timer, a total time in flight timer, and a record of the
time of departure. Trip statistics—odometer, trip odometer, and average trip and maximum groundspeeds—are
displayed from the time of the last reset. A scheduler feature is also provided so the pilot can enter reminder
messages to be displayed at specified intervals in the Messages Window on the PFD (see Figure 1-38).
Figure 1-38 Utility Page
Timers
The generic timer can be set to count up or down from a specified time (HH:MM:SS). When the
countdown on the timer reaches zero the digits begin to count up from zero. If the timer is reset before
reaching zero on a countdown, the digits are reset to the initial value. If the timer is counting up when
reset, the digits are zeroed.
Setting the generic timer:
1) Use the FMS Knob to select the AUX - Utility Page.
2) Press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
3) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the timer counting direction (UP/DN) and press the ENT Key.
4) If a desired starting time is desired:
a) Use the large FMS Knob to highlight the HH:MM:SS field.
b) Use the FMS Knob to enter the desired time and press the ENT Key.
50
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
System Overview
5) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘START?’ and press the ENT Key to start the timer. The field changes to
‘STOP?’.
6) To stop the timer, press the ENT Key with ‘STOP?’ highlighted. The field changes to ‘RESET?’.
7) To reset the timer, press the ENT Key with ‘RESET?’ highlighted. The field changes back to ‘START?’ and the
digits are reset.
The flight timer can be set to count up from zero starting at system power-up or from the time that the
aircraft lifts off; the timer can also be reset to zero at any time.
Setting the flight timer starting criterion:
1) Use the FMS Knob to select the AUX - Utility Page.
2) Press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the field next to the flight timer.
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the starting criterion (PWR-ON or IN-AIR) and press the ENT Key.
5) Press the FMS Knob to deactivate the cursor.
Resetting the flight timer:
1) Use the FMS Knob to select the AUX - Utility Page.
2) Press the MENU Key.
3) With ‘Reset Flight Timer’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
The system records the time at which departure occurs, depending on whether the pilot prefers the time
to be recorded from system power-up or from aircraft lift off. The displayed departure time can also be reset
to display the current time at the point of reset. The format in which the time is displayed is controlled
from the System Setup Page.
Setting the departure timer starting criterion:
1) Use the FMS Knob to select the AUX - Utility Page.
2) Press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the field next to the departure time.
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the starting criterion (PWR-ON or IN-AIR) and press the ENT Key.
Resetting the departure time:
1) Use the FMS Knob to select the AUX - Utility Page.
2) Press the MENU Key.
3) Use the FMS Knob to highlight ‘Reset Departure Time’ and press the ENT Key.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
51
System Overview
Trip Statistics
The odometer and trip odometer record the total mileage traveled from the last reset; these odometers can
be reset independently. Resetting the trip odometer also resets the average trip groundspeed. Maximum
groundspeed for the period of time since the last reset is also displayed.
Resetting trip statistics readouts:
1) Use the FMS Knob to select the AUX - Utility Page.
2) Press the MENU Key. The following reset options for trip statistics are displayed:
• Reset Trip ODOM/AVG GS—Resets trip average ground speed readout and odometer
• Reset Odometer—Resets odometer readout only
• Reset Maximum Speed—Resets maximum speed readout only
• Reset All—Resets flight timer, departure timer, odometers, and groundspeed readouts
2) Use the FMS Knob to highlight the desired reset option and press the ENT Key. The selected parameters are reset
to zero and begin to display data from the point of reset.
Flight Data Logger
This feature is not available on the Phenom 100.
Scheduler
The scheduler feature can be used to enter and display reminder messages. Messages can be set to display
based on a specific date and time (event), once the message timer reaches zero (one-time; default setting),
or recurrently whenever the message timer reaches zero (periodic). Message timers set to periodic alerting
automatically reset to the original timer value once the message is displayed. When power is cycled,
messages are retained until deleted, and message timer countdown is restarted.
Entering a scheduler message:
1) Use the FMS Knob to select the AUX - Utility Page.
2) Press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the first empty scheduler message naming field.
4) Enter the message text to be displayed in the Messages Window and press the ENT Key.
5) Press the ENT Key again or use the large FMS Knob to move the cursor to the field next to ‘Type’.
6) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the message alert type:
• Event—Message issued at the specified date/time
• One-time—Message issued when the message timer reaches zero (default setting)
• Periodic—Message issued each time the message timer reaches zero
7) Press the ENT Key again or use the large FMS Knob to move the cursor to the next field.
8) For periodic and one-time message, enter the timer value (HHH:MM:SS) from which to countdown and press the
ENT Key.
52
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
System Overview
9) For event-based messages:
a) Enter the desired date (DD-MMM-YYY) and press the ENT Key.
b) Press the ENT Key again or use the large FMS Knob to move the cursor to the next field.
c) Enter the desired time (HH:MM) and press the ENT Key.
10) Press the ENT Key again or use the large FMS Knob to move the cursor to enter the next message.
Deleting a scheduler message:
1) Use the FMS Knob to select the AUX - Utility Page.
2) Press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the name field of the scheduler message to be deleted.
4) Press the CLR Key to clear the message text. If the CLR Key is pressed again, the message is restored.
5) Press the ENT Key to confirm message deletion.
Scheduler messages appear in the Messages Window on the PFD. Pressing the MSG Softkey opens the
Messages Window and acknowledges the scheduler message. When MSG Softkey is pressed again, the
Messages Window is removed from the display and the scheduler message is deleted from the message
queue.
Figure 1-39 PFD Message Window
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
53
System Overview
1.8Display Backlighting
The system display and control backlighting can be adjusted either automatically or manually. Backlighting
intensity ranges from 0.14% to 100% on the PFDs and 0.80% to 100.00% on the MFD.
Automatic Adjustment
The existing instrument panel dimmer bus normally controls the PFD and MFD backlighting as well as
the PFD and MFD bezels, MFD Control Unit, AFCS Control Unit and audio panel key annunciator lighting.
When the dimmer bus is not used by the system, photocell technology automatically controls backlighting
adjustments. Photocell calibration curves are pre-configured to optimize display appearance through a broad
range of cockpit lighting conditions.
Manual Adjustment
NOTE: The avionics dimming knob may also be used to adjust backlighting. Refer to the AFM for details.
NOTE: In normal mode, backlighting can only be adjusted from PFD1 or PFD2. In reversionary mode, it can
also be adjusted from the MFD.
NOTE: No other window can be displayed on the PFD while the PFD Setup Menu Window is displayed.
Backlighting may also be adjusted manually for all of the displays and the associated bezels. The audio panel
key backlighting is directly tied to the on-side PFD key backlighting setting.
Adjust display backlighting manually:
1) Press the MENU Key on the PFD to display the PFD Setup Menu Window. ‘AUTO’ becomes highlighted to the
right of ‘PFD1 DSPL’.
Figure 1-40 Manual Display Backlighting Adjustment
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to display the selection box. Turn the FMS Knob to select ‘MANUAL’, then press the
ENT Key. The intensity value becomes highlighted.
3) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the desired backlighting, then press the ENT Key.
4) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘AUTO’ to the right of ‘MFD DSPL’ or ‘PFD2 DSPL’, respectively, and
repeat steps 2 and 3.
5) Press the CLR or MENU Key to remove the PFD Setup Menu Window from the display.
54
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
System Overview
Adjust key backlighting manually:
1) Press the MENU Key on the PFD to display the PFD Setup Menu Window. ‘AUTO’ becomes highlighted to the
right of ‘PFD1 DSPL’.
Figure 1-41 Manual Key Lighting Adjustment
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘PFD1 DSPL’. Turn the small FMS Knob in the direction of the green
arrowhead to display ‘PFD1 KEY’.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘AUTO’ and turn the small FMS Knob to display the selection box.
4) Turn the FMS Knob to select ‘MANUAL’, then press the ENT Key. The intensity value becomes highlighted.
5) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the desired backlighting, then press the ENT Key.
6) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘MFD DSPL’ or ‘PFD2 DSPL’ and turn the small FMS Knob in the direction
of the green arrowhead to display ‘MFD KEY’ or ‘PFD2 KEY’, respectively.
7) Repeat steps 3 to 5.
8) Press the CLR or MENU Key to remove the PFD Setup Menu Window from the display.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
55
System Overview
Blank Page
56
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Flight Instruments
Section 2 Flight Instruments
WARNING: If the airspeed, attitude, altitude, or heading indications become unusable, refer to the backup
instruments.
Note: The Automatic Flight Control System (AFCS) provides additional readouts and indicators (bug) on
selected flight instruments. Refer to the AFCS Section for details on these indicators (bug) and readouts, as
they appear on the display during certain AFCS flight director modes.
Increased situational awareness is provided by replacing the traditional instruments on the panel with two easyto-scan Primary Flight Displays (PFDs) that feature large horizons, airspeed, attitude, altitude, vertical speed, and
course deviation information. In addition to the flight instruments, navigation, communication, terrain, traffic,
and weather information are also presented on the PFDs and explained in other sections of this Pilot’s Guide.
The following flight instruments and supplemental flight data are displayed on each PFD:
• Static Air Temperature (SAT)
• Airspeed Indicator, showing
• Horizontal Situation Indicator, showing
– Indicated airspeed
– True airspeed
– Turn Rate Indicator
– Airspeed awareness ranges
– Bearing pointers and information windows
– Vspeed reference flags
– Navigation source
– Groundspeed
– Course Deviation Indicator (CDI)
– Mach number
– Bearing pointers and information windows
– Airspeed reference and bug
– DME Information Windows
• Attitude Indicator with slip/skid indication
• Transponder Mode, Code, and Ident/Reply
• Altimeter, showing
• Course Deviation Indicator (CDI)
• Timer/References Window, showing
– Trend vector
– Barometric setting
– Generic timer
– Selected Altitude
– Vspeed values
– Barometric minimum descent altitude (MDA)
• Vertical Deviation, Glideslope, and Glidepath
Indicators
• Wind data
• Vertical Speed Indicator (VSI)
• Radar Altimeter (RA) (optional)
• Vertical Navigation (VNV) indications
• Total Air Temperature (TAT)
The PFDs also display various alerts and annunciations.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
57
Flight Instruments
27
26
25
24
23
1
2
22
21
20
3
19
4
5
6
18
7
17
8
16
9
15
10
14
11
13
12
1
NAV Frequency Box
15
Transponder Status Box
2
Airspeed Reference
16
Heading Bug
3
Airspeed Indicator
17
Turn Rate Indicator
4
Airspeed Reference Bug
18
Barometric Altimeter Setting
5
Mach Number
19
Vertical Speed Indicator (VSI)
6
Groundspeed
20
Selected Altitude Bug
7
Current Heading
21
Altimeter
8
Current Track Indicator
22
Selected Altitude
9
Course Deviation Indicator (CDI)
23
COM Frequency Box
10
Horizontal Situation Indicator (HSI)
24
Navigation Status Box
11
Total Air Temperature (TAT)
25
AFCS Status Box
12
Static Air Temperature (SAT)
26
Slip/Skid Indicator
13
Softkeys
27
Attitude Indicator
14
System Time
Figure 2-1 Primary Flight Display (Default)
58
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Flight Instruments
15
14
13
1
12
11
10
9
2
8
3
7
4
5
6
5
1
Vspeed Reference
9
CAS Window
2
Selected Heading
10
Selected Course
3
Wind Data
11
4
Inset Map
Radar Altimeter (optional)
12
DME Information Windows
Current Vertical Speed
5
13
6
Bearing Information Windows
Glidepath Indicator
14
Flight Plan Window
Terrain Annunciation
7
15
Minimum Descent Altitude/
Decision Height
Traffic Annunciation
8
Figure 2-2 Additional PFD Information
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
59
Flight Instruments
2.1Flight Instruments
Airspeed Indicator
Note: Refer to the Airplane Flight Manual (AFM) for speed criteria and Vspeed values.
The Airspeed Indicator displays airspeed on a moving tape rolling number gauge. The numeric labels and
major tick marks on the moving tape represent intervals of 10 knots. The minor tick marks on the moving tape
represent intervals of five knots. Speed indication starts at 20 knots, with 80 knots of airspeed scale viewable at
any time. The indicated airspeed is displayed inside the black pointer. The pointer remains black until reaching
maximum operating speed (VMO/MMO), at which point it turns red along with the Mach number readout.
The Mach number is displayed below the Airspeed Indicator (Figure 2-3) for airspeeds at or above Mach 0.4
or at altitudes above 28,007 feet. The color of the readout is the same as the color of the airspeed pointer.
Airspeed
Reference
Airspeed
Trend Vector
Vspeed
References
Indicated
Airspeed
1.3VS1
Airspeed
Ranges
Airspeed
Reference
Bug
Mach
Number
Ground
Speed
Red Pointer Showing
Overspeed
Airspeed Indicator
Figure 2-3 Airspeed Indicator
Speeds above the maximum operating speed, VMO or MMO depending on aircraft altitude, appear in the high
speed awareness range, shown on the airspeed tape by a red/white barber pole. An aural overspeed warning
tone is generated if the airspeed exceeds the high airspeed limit.
Yellow and red ranges are also present for low speed awareness velocity (VLSA). If the indicated airspeed is
within the yellow range, the airspeed readout is displayed in yellow. If the indicated airspeed is within the red
range, the airspeed pointer is displayed in red. An aural stall warning is generated if the airspeed falls below
VLSA. An open green circle on the airspeed tape represents 1.3VS1. The green circle is displayed when in the air
below 18,000 feet, and it indicates the stall warning system is functioning correctly.
The Airspeed Trend Vector is a vertical magenta line that appears to the right of the color-coded speed range
strip when airspeed is either accelerating or decelerating. One end of the magenta line is anchored to the
tip of the airspeed pointer while the other end moves continuously up or down corresponding to the rate of
acceleration or deceleration. For any constant rate of acceleration or deceleration, the moving end of the line
60
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Flight Instruments
shows approximately what the indicated airspeed value will be in six seconds. If the trend vector crosses VMO/
MMO, the airspeed readout and the Mach readout change to yellow. If the trend vector crosses the red VLSA range,
the airspeed readout is displayed in yellow. The trend vector is absent if the speed remains constant or if any
data needed to calculate airspeed is not available due to a system failure.
The Airspeed Reference is displayed above the Airspeed Indicator in the box indicated by a selection bug
symbol. A bug corresponding to this speed is shown on the tape. If the Airspeed Reference exceeds the range
shown on the tape, the bug appears at the upper or lower edge of the tape. See the AFCS Section for more
information about the Airspeed Reference.
Landing
Takeoff
Vspeeds can be changed and their flags turned on/off from the Timer/References Window. When active (on),
the Vspeeds are displayed at their respective locations to the right of the airspeed scale. By default, all Vspeed
values are reset and all flags turned off during power up.
Vspeed
Flag
V1
1
VR
R
V2
2
VFS
FS
VAP
AP
VREF
RF
VAC
AC
VFS
FS
Table 2-1 Vspeed Flag Labels
Vspeeds are categorized as either takeoff or landing. Takeoff Vspeed flags are automatically turned off when
airspeed reaches 160 knots. The order in which the categories are displayed is determined by whether the
aircraft is on the ground or in the air. If the aircraft is on the ground, the takeoff Vspeeds are displayed at the
top of the Vspeed list. If the aircraft is in the air, the landing Vspeeds are displayed at the top.
Changing Vspeeds and turning flags on/off:
1) Press the TMR/REF Softkey.
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the desired Vspeed.
3) Use the small FMS Knob to change the Vspeed in 1-kt increments (when a speed has been changed from a
default value, an asterisk appears next to the speed).
4) Press the ENT Key or turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the ON/OFF field.
5) Turn the small FMS Knob clockwise to ON or counterclockwise to OFF.
6) To remove the window, press the CLR Key or press the TMR/REF Softkey.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
61
Flight Instruments
Figure 2-4 Takeoff and Landing Vspeeds (Timer/References Window)
Vspeed flags can be turned on or off all at once or by category (takeoff and landing). Default values for all or
a category of Vspeeds can also be restored.
Modifying Vspeeds (on, off, restore defaults):
1) Press the TMR/REF Softkey.
2) Press the MENU Key.
3) Turn the FMS Knob to highlight the desired selection (Figure 2-5).
4) Press the ENT Key.
5) To remove the window, press the CLR Key or press the TMR/REF Softkey.
Figure 2-5 Timer/References Window Menu
62
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Flight Instruments
Attitude Indicator
Attitude information is displayed over a virtual blue sky and brown ground with a white horizon line. The
Attitude Indicator displays the pitch, roll, and slip/skid information.
9
8
1
7
2
1
Roll Pointer
2
Roll Scale
3
Horizon Line
4
5
Aircraft Symbol
(Formatted for Single-cue
Command Bars)
Land Representation
6
Pitch Scale
7
Slip/Skid Indicator
8
Sky Representation
9
Roll Scale Zero
6
3
4
5
Figure 2-6 Attitude Indicator
The horizon line is part of the pitch scale. Above and below the horizon line, major pitch marks and numeric
labels are shown for every 10˚, up to 80˚. Minor pitch marks are shown for intervening 5˚ increments, up to
25˚ below and 45˚ above the horizon line. Between 20˚ below to 20˚ above the horizon line, minor pitch marks
occur every 2.5˚. When the Synthetic Vision System is activated, the pitch scale is reduced to 10˚ up and 7.5˚
down; refer to the Additional Features section.
The inverted white triangle indicates zero on the roll scale. Major tick marks at 30˚ and 60˚ and minor tick
marks at 10˚, 20˚, and 45˚ are shown to the left and right of the zero. Angle of bank is indicated by the position
of the pointer on the roll scale.
The Slip/Skid Indicator is the bar beneath the roll pointer. One bar displacement is equal to one ball
displacement on a traditional inclinometer. The indicator bar moves with the roll pointer and moves laterally
away from the pointer to indicate uncoordinated flight. Slip (inside the turn) or skid (outside the turn) is
indicated by the location of the bar relative to the pointer.
In TCAS II installations, the Attitude Indicator also provides pitch cues to comply with TCAS II Resolution
Advisories; see the Hazard Avoidance Section for details.
Figure 2-7 Slip/Skid Indication
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
63
Flight Instruments
The yellow symbolic aircraft on the Attitude Indicator changes appearance based on selection of AFCS flight
director Command Bar format (see the AFCS Section for details). Both PFDs show the same Command Bar
format and Aircraft Symbol. The Command Bar format (single-cue or cross-pointer) may be selected from the
AUX - System Setup Page Figure 2-8.
Changing Command Bar and Aircraft Symbol format:
1) Use the FMS Knob to select the AUX - System Setup Page.
2) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the Format Active selection in the Flight Director box.
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to highlight the desired setting and press the ENT Key.
5) Select the SNGL CUE option to display Command Bars as a single cue (Figure 2-8).
Or:
Select the X POINTR option to display Command Bars as a cross pointer shown below.
Single-cue
Cross-pointer
Figure 2-8 Flight Director Format
(AUX - System Setup Page)
64
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Flight Instruments
Altimeter
The altimeter displays 600 feet of barometric altitude values at a time on a moving tape rolling number gauge.
Numeric labels and major tick marks are shown at intervals of 100 feet. Minor tick marks are at intervals of 20
feet. The indicated altitude is displayed inside the black pointer.
The Selected Altitude is displayed above the altimeter in the box indicated by a selection bug symbol. A bug
corresponding to this altitude is shown on the tape. If the Selected Altitude exceeds the range shown on the
tape, the bug appears at the upper or lower edge of the tape. When the metric value is selected it is displayed
in a separate box above the Selected Altitude (Figure 2-10). See the AFCS Section for more information about
Selected Altitude.
A magenta Altitude Trend Vector extends up or down the left of the altitude tape. The end extends to the
approximate altitude to be reached in six seconds at the current vertical speed. The trend vector is not shown
if altitude remains constant or if data needed for calculation is not available due to a system failure.
Setting the Selected Altitude:
T urn the ALT SEL Knob to set the Selected Altitude in 100-ft increments. When meters are displayed, Selected
Altitude is adjusted in 50 meter increments.
If set, the Minimum Descent Altitude/Decision Height (MDA/DH) value is also available as a Selected Altitude
setting.
Selected
Altitude
Bug
Altitude
Trend
Vector
Selected
Altitude
Indicated
Altitude
Barometric
Minimums
Bug
Barometric
Setting Box
(In Hg)
Figure 2-9 Altimeter Settings, In Hg
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
65
Flight Instruments
Altitudes can also be displayed in meters. Note that the altitude tape does not change scale.
Displaying altitude in meters:
1) Press the PFD Softkey to display the second-level softkeys.
2) Press the ALT UNIT Softkey.
3) Press the METERS Softkey to turn on metric altitude readouts.
4) Press the BACK Softkey twice to return to the top-level softkeys.
Selected
Altitude
(Meters)
Selected
Altitude
Bug
Indicated
Altitude
(Meters)
Barometric
Setting Box
(Hectopascals)
Figure 2-10 Altimeter Setting in hPa and Altitude in Meters
The barometric pressure setting is displayed below the altimeter in inches of mercury (in Hg) or hectopascals
(hPa). Adjusting the altimeter barometric setting creates discontinuities in VNV vertical deviation, moving
the descent path. For large adjustments, it may take several minutes for the aircraft to re-establish on the
descent path. If the change is made while nearing a waypoint with a VNV Target Altitude, the aircraft may not
re‑establish on the descent path in time to meet the vertical constraint.
Changing altimeter barometric pressure setting units:
1) Press the PFD Softkey to display the second-level softkeys.
2) Press the ALT UNIT Softkey.
3) Press the IN Softkey to display the barometric pressure setting in inches of mercury (in Hg) (Figure 2-9).
Or: Press the HPA Softkey to display the barometric pressure setting in hectopascals (hPa) (Figure 2-10).
4) Press the BACK Softkey twice to return to the top-level softkeys.
66
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Flight Instruments
Selecting the altimeter barometric pressure setting:
Turn the BARO Knob to select the desired setting.
Selecting standard barometric pressure (29.92 in Hg):
Press the BARO Knob to select standard pressure.
Or:
1) Press the PFD Softkey to display the second-level softkeys.
2) Press the STD BARO Softkey; STD BARO is displayed in barometric setting box.
Figure 2-11 Standard Barometric Altimeter Setting
If the barometric altimeter settings differ between PFDs by more than 0.02 in Hg, the readouts turn yellow.
Once the settings are synchronized (BARO turned on), they remain synchronized until the setting is turned
off.
Synchronizing the altimeter barometric pressure settings:
1) Select the AUX - System Setup Page using the FMS Knob.
2) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight Baro in the Synchronization box.
4) Turn the small FMS Knob clockwise to ON or counterclockwise to OFF.
5) Press the FMS Knob to remove the cursor.
Barometric Settings
not Synchronized on PFD
Displayed in Yellow
Figure 2-12 Baro Sync Setting
(AUX - System Setup Page)
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
67
Flight Instruments
A Baro Transition Alert is provided to notify the pilot to change the barometric pressure setting when crossing
the baro transition altitude. If the aircraft is at least 500 feet below the transition altitude and then climbs
through this altitude and the STD BARO Softkey has not been pressed, the barometric pressure setting flashes
in light blue until the pressure setting is changed. If the aircraft is at least 500 feet above the transition altitude
and then descends through this altitude and the barometric pressure setting has not been changed from STD
BARO, the setting flashes in light blue until it is changed.
Setting the Baro Transition Alert:
1) Use the FMS Knob to select the AUX - System Setup Page on the MFD.
2) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight Altitude in the Baro Transition Alert box.
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to turn the alert OFF or ON and press the ENT Key.
5) Turn the small FMS Knob to change the desired altitude and press the ENT Key.
6) To cancel the selection, press the FMS Knob.
Figure 2-13 Baro Transition Alert
(AUX - System Setup Page)
68
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Flight Instruments
Vertical Speed Indicator (VSI)
The Vertical Speed Indicator (VSI) displays the aircraft vertical speed on a fixed scale with labels at 2000 and
4000 fpm and minor tick marks every 1000 fpm. Digits appear in the pointer when the climb or descent rate
is greater than 100 fpm. If the rate of ascent/descent exceeds 4000 fpm, the pointer appears at the edge of the
tape and the rate appears inside the pointer.
A magenta chevron is displayed on the VSI to indicate the Required Vertical Speed for reaching a VNV target
altitude once the “TOD [Top of Descent] within 1 minute” alert has generated. See the Flight Management
and AFCS sections for details on VNV features. Refer to Section 2.2, Supplemental Flight Data, for more
information about VNV indications on the PFD. In TCAS II installations, the VSI also provides vertical speed
guidance during TCAS II Resolution Advisories; see the Hazard Avoidance section for details.
Vertical Deviation
The Vertical Deviation Indicator (VDI) is a magenta chevron indicating the baro-VNV vertical deviation when
Vertical Navigation (VNV) is being used. The VDI appears in conjunction with the “TOD within 1 minute”
alert. The VDI is removed from the display if vertical deviation becomes invalid. See the Flight Management
Section for details on VNV features, and refer to Section 2.2, Supplemental Flight Data, for more information
about VNV indications on the PFD.
The Glideslope Indicator appears to the left of the altimeter whenever an ILS frequency is tuned in the active
NAV field and the aircraft heading and selected course are within 107˚. A green diamond acts as the Glideslope
Indicator, like a glideslope needle on a conventional indicator. If a localizer frequency is tuned and there is no
glideslope, “NO GS” is displayed in place of the diamond.
The glidepath is analogous to the glideslope for GPS approaches supporting SBAS vertical guidance (LNAV+V,
L/VNAV, LPV). When an approach of this type is loaded into the flight plan and GPS is the selected navigation
source, the Glidepath Indicator appears as a magenta diamond during the approach. If the approach type
downgrades past the final approach fix (FAF), “NO GP” is displayed in place of the diamond.
Full-scale deflection of two dots is 1000 feet.
VNV
Target
Altitude
Marker
Beacon
Annunciation
Vertical
Speed
Indicator
Vertical
Speed
Pointer
Vertical
Deviation
Indicator
Glideslope
Indicator
Glidepath
Indicator
Required
Vertical
Speed
Indicator
Vertical Speed and Deviation
Indicator (VSI and VDI)
Glideslope Indicator
Glidepath Indicator
Figure 2-14 Vertical Speed and Vertical Deviation Indications
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
69
Flight Instruments
Horizontal Situation Indicator (HSI)
The Horizontal Situation Indicator (HSI) displays a rotating compass card in a heading-up orientation. Letters
indicate the cardinal points with numeric labels every 30˚. Major tick marks are at 10˚ intervals and minor tick
marks are at 5˚ intervals. A digital reading of the current heading appears on top of the HSI, and the current
track is represented on the HSI by a magenta diamond. The HSI also presents turn rate, course deviation,
bearing, and navigation source information. The HSI is available in two formats, a 360˚ compass rose and a
140˚ arc.
Changing the HSI display format:
1) Press the PFD Softkey.
2) Press the HSI FRMT Softkey.
3) Press the 360 HSI or ARC HSI Softkey.
The 360˚ HSI contains a Course Deviation Indicator (CDI), with a Course Pointer, To/From Indicator, and a
sliding deviation bar and scale. The course pointer is a single line arrow (GPS, VOR1, and LOC1) or a double
line arrow (VOR2 and LOC2) which points in the direction of the set course. The To/From arrow rotates with
the course pointer and is displayed when the active NAVAID is received.
16
15
14
1
2
13
3
4
5
12
6
11
7
10
8
9
1
Turn Rate Indicator
9
To/From Indicator
2
Selected Heading
10
Course Pointer
3
Current Track Indicator
11
Heading Bug
4
Lateral Deviation Scale
12
Flight Phase
5
Navigation Source
13
Selected Course
6
Aircraft Symbol
14
7
Course Deviation Indicator
(CDI)
Rotating Compass Rose
16
8
Turn Rate/Heading
Trend Vector
15 Current Heading
Lubber Line
Figure 2-15 Horizontal Situation Indicator (HSI)
70
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Flight Instruments
The Arc HSI is a 140˚ expanded section of the compass rose. The Arc HSI contains a Course Pointer,
combined To/From Indicator and a sliding deviation indicator, and a deviation scale. Upon station passage, the
To/From Indicator flips and points to the tail of the aircraft, just like a conventional To/From flag. Depending
on the navigation source, the CDI on the Arc HSI can appear in two different ways, an arrowhead (GPS, VOR,
OBS) or a diamond (LOC).
Course Pointer
Flight Phase Annunciation
Navigation
Source
Course Deviation
and To/From
Indicator
Lateral
Deviation
Scale
Figure 2-16 Arc HSI
A digital reading of the current heading appears on top of the HSI. The current track is represented on the
HSI by a magenta diamond. To the upper left of the HSI, the Selected Heading is shown in light blue; the light
blue bug on the compass rose corresponds to the Selected Heading. The Selected Course is shown to the upper
right of the HSI. The color of the Selected Course corresponds to the selected navigation source (magenta for
GPS and green for VOR or LOC).
Adjusting the Selected Heading:
Turn the HDG Knob to set the Selected Heading on both PFDs.
Press the HDG Knob to synchronize the bug to the current heading.
Adjusting the Selected Course:
Turn the CRS Knob to set the Selected Course (for each PFD).
Press the CRS Knob to re-center the CDI and return the course pointer to the bearing of the active waypoint or
navigation station.
Current Track Indicator
Current Heading
Selected
Course
Selected
Heading
Heading
Bug
Figure 2-17 Heading and Course Indications
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
71
Flight Instruments
Navigation angles (track, heading, course, bearing) are corrected to the computed magnetic variation (Mag
Var) or referenced to true north (T), set on the AUX - System Setup Page. When an approach referenced to
true north has been loaded into the flight plan, the system generates a message to change the navigation angle
setting to True at the appropriate time.
Figure 2-18 Heading and Course Indications (True)
Changing the navigation angle true/magnetic setting:
1) Use the FMS Knob to select the AUX - System Setup Page on the MFD.
2) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight Nav Angle in the Display Units box.
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to highlight the desired setting and press the ENT Key.
• TRUE - References angles to true north (T)
• MAGNETIC - Angles corrected to the computed magnetic variation (Mag Var)
Figure 2-19 System Setup Page, Navigation Angle Settings
72
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Flight Instruments
Turn Rate Indicator
The Turn Rate Indicator is located directly above the rotating compass rose. Tick marks to the left and right
of the lubber line denote half-standard and standard turn rates. A magenta Turn Rate Trend Vector shows the
current turn rate. The end of the trend vector gives the heading predicted in six seconds, based on the present
turn rate. A standard-rate turn is shown on the indicator by the trend vector stopping at the standard turn
rate tick mark, corresponding to a predicted heading of 18˚ from the current heading. At rates greater than 4
deg/sec, an arrowhead appears at the end of the magenta trend vector and the prediction is no longer valid.
Half-standard
Turn Rate
Arrow Shown
for Turn Rate
> 4 deg/sec
Standard
Turn Rate
Figure 2-20 Turn Rate Indicator and Trend Vector
Bearing Pointers and Information Windows
Two bearing pointers and associated information can be displayed on the HSI for NAV, GPS, and ADF
sources. The bearing pointers are light blue and are single-line (BRG1) or double-line (BRG2). A pointer
symbol is shown in the information window to indicate the navigation source. The bearing pointers never
override the CDI and are visually separated from the CDI by a white ring. Bearing pointers may be selected
but not necessarily visible due to data unavailability.
Tuning Mode
Frequency
Distance
Bearing 1
Pointer
Bearing 2
Pointer
Tuning Mode
Frequency
No Signal
DME1 Information Window
Distance to
Bearing Source
Bearing
Source
DME2 Information Window
No
Waypoint
Selected
Station
Identifier
Pointer
Icon
Pointer
Icon
Bearing 1 Information Window
Bearing
Source
Bearing 2 Information Window
Figure 2-21 HSI with Bearing and DME Information
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
73
Flight Instruments
When a bearing pointer is displayed, the associated information window is also displayed. The Bearing
Information windows are displayed at the lower sides of the HSI and give the following information:
• Bearing source (NAV, GPS, ADF)
• Station/waypoint identifier (NAV, GPS)
• Pointer icon (BRG1 = single line, BRG2 = double line)
• GPS-derived great circle distance to bearing
source
• Frequency (NAV, ADF)
When the NAV radio is tuned to an ILS frequency the bearing source and the bearing pointer is removed
from the HSI. When NAV1 or NAV2 is the selected bearing source, the frequency is replaced by the station
identifier when the station is within range. If GPS is the bearing source, the active waypoint identifier is
displayed instead of a frequency.
The bearing pointer is removed from the HSI and NO DATA is displayed in the information window if
the NAV radio is not receiving a VOR station or if GPS is the bearing source and an active waypoint is not
selected.
When the Arc HSI is displayed, the Bearing Information windows and pointers are disabled.
Selecting bearing display and changing sources:
1) Press the PFD Softkey.
2) Press a BRG Softkey to display the desired bearing pointer and information window with a NAV source.
3) Press the BRG Softkey again to change the bearing source to GPS.
4) Press the BRG Softkey a third time to change the bearing source to ADF (ADF Radio installation is optional).
5) To remove the bearing pointer and information window, select the BRG Softkey again.
DME Information Windows
The DME Information Windows are displayed above each BRG Information Window on the 360˚ HSI and
in boxes along side and above the Arc HSI. It shows the DME label, tuning mode (NAV1, NAV2, or HOLD),
frequency, and distance. When a signal is invalid, the distance is replaced by –.– – NM Refer to the Audio
Panel and CNS Section for information on tuning the DMEs.
Displaying the DME Information Window:
1) Press the PFD Softkey.
2) Press the DME1 or DME2 Softkey to display the DME Information Windows.
3) To remove the DME Information Windows, press the applicable DME Softkey again.
74
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Flight Instruments
Course Deviation Indicator (CDI)
NOTE: During a heading change of greater than 105˚ with respect to the course, the CDI on the Arc HSI
switches to the opposite side of the deviation scale and displays reverse sensing.
The Course Deviation Indicator (CDI) moves left or right from the course pointer along a lateral deviation
scale to display aircraft position relative to the course. If the course deviation data is not valid, the CDI is not
displayed.
360º HSI
Navigation
Source
Arc HSI
Flight
Phase
Navigation
Source
Flight
Phase
Scale
Crosstrack
Error
CDI
CDI
Scale
CDI
Figure 2-22 Course Deviation Indicator
The CDI can display two sources of navigation: GPS or NAV (VOR/LOC). The color indicates the current
navigation source: magenta for GPS or green for VOR and LOC. The full scale limits for the CDI are defined by
a GPS-derived distance when navigating GPS. When navigating using a VOR or localizer (LOC), the CDI has
the same angular limits as a mechanical CDI. If the CDI exceeds the maximum deviation on the scale (two dots)
while navigating with GPS, the crosstrack error (XTK) is displayed below the white aircraft symbol.
Yellow
Indicates
Navigation
Source
Selected on
Both PFDs not
Synchronized
Figure 2-23 Navigation Sources
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
75
Flight Instruments
Changing navigation sources:
1) Press the CDI Softkey to change from GPS to VOR1 or LOC1. This places the light blue tuning box over the
NAV1 standby frequency in the upper left corner of the PFD.
2) Press the CDI Softkey again to change from VOR1 or LOC1 to VOR2 or LOC2. This places the light blue tuning
box over the NAV2 standby frequency.
3) Press the CDI Softkey a third time to return to GPS.
NAV2 Selected for Tuning
NAV1 Selected for Tuning
GPS
Selected
LOC1
Selected
VOR2
Selected
Pressing the CDI Softkey
Cycles through
Navigation Sources
Figure 2-24 Selecting a Navigation Source
The system automatically switches from GPS to LOC navigation source and changes the CDI scaling accordingly
when all of the following occur:
• A localizer or ILS approach has been loaded into the active flight plan
• The Final Approach Fix (FAF) is the active leg, the FAF is less than 15 nm away, and the aircraft is moving
toward the FAF
• A valid localizer frequency has been tuned
• The GPS CDI deviation is less than 1.2 times full-scale deflection
GPS steering guidance is still provided after the CDI automatically switches to LOC until LOC capture, up
to the Final Approach Fix (FAF) for an ILS approach, or until GPS information becomes invalid. Activating a
Vector-to-Final (VTF) also causes the CDI to switch to LOC navigation source. GPS steering guidance is not
provided after the switch.
76
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Flight Instruments
If the same VOR/LOC navigation source is selected on both PFDs, the navigation source annunciation turns
yellow on both displays if not synchronized (Figure 2-23). Once the CDIs are synchronized (CDI Synchronization
turned on), they remain synchronized until the selection is changed. When turning on the system for use, the
system remembers the last CDI synchronization setting
Synchronizing the CDIs:
1) Select the AUX - System Setup Page using the FMS Knob.
2) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight CDI in the Synchronization box.
4) Turn the small FMS Knob clockwise to ON or counterclockwise to OFF.
5) Press the FMS Knob to remove the cursor.
Figure 2-25 System Setup Page, CDI Synchronization
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
77
Flight Instruments
GPS CDI Scaling
When GPS is the selected navigation source, the flight plan legs are sequenced automatically and
annunciations appear on the HSI for the flight phase. Flight phase annunciations are normally shown in
magenta, but when cautionary conditions exist the color changes to yellow. If the current leg in the flight plan
is a heading leg, HDG LEG is annunciated in magenta beneath the aircraft symbol.
The current GPS CDI scale setting is displayed as System CDI on the AUX - System Setup Page and the fullscale deflection setting may also be changed (2.0 nm, 1.0 nm, 0.3 nm, or Auto) from this page. If the selected
scaling is smaller than the automatic setting for enroute and terminal phases, the CDI is scaled accordingly
and the selected setting is displayed rather than the flight phase annunciation.
Changing the selected GPS CDI setting:
1) Use the FMS Knob to select the AUX - System Setup Page on the MFD.
2) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight Selected in the GPS CDI box.
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to highlight the desired setting and press the ENT Key.
5) To cancel the selection, press the FMS Knob or the CLR Key.
Figure 2-26 System Setup Page, GPS CDI Setting
78
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Flight Instruments
Departure
Terminal
Enroute
(Oceanic if >200 nm
from nearest airport)
Terminal
Refer to accompanying
approach CDI scaling figures
Approach
0.3 nm
1.0 nm
1.0 nm
2.0 nm
1.0 nm
0.3 nm
CDI Full-scale Deflection
When set to Auto (default), the GPS CDI scale automatically adjusts to the desired limits based upon the
current phase of flight (Figure 2-27, Table 2-2).
Missed
Approach
Figure 2-27 Automatic CDI Scaling
• Once a departure procedure is activated, the CDI is scaled for departure (0.3 nm).
• The system switches from departure to terminal CDI scaling (1.0 nm) under the following conditions:
- The next leg in the departure procedure is not aligned with the departure runway
- The next leg in the departure procedure is not a CA, CD, CF, CI, CR, DF, FA, FC, FD, FM, IF, or TF leg
(see Glossary for leg type definitions)
- After any leg in the departure procedure that is not a CA or FA leg
• At 30 nm from the departure airport the enroute phase of flight is automatically entered and CDI scaling
changes to 2.0 nm over a distance of 1.0 nm, except under the following conditions:
- When navigating with an active departure procedure, the flight phase and CDI scale does not change
until the aircraft arrives at the last departure waypoint (if more than 30 nm from the departure airport) or
the leg after the last departure waypoint has been activated or a direct-to waypoint is activated.
• If after completing the departure procedure the nearest airport is more than 200 nm away from the aircraft
and the approach procedure has not yet commenced, the CDI is scaled for oceanic flight (2.0 nm).
• Within 31 nm of the destination airport (terminal area), the CDI scale gradually ramps down from 2.0 nm
to 1.0 nm over a distance of 1.0 nm, except under the following conditions:
- When navigating with an active arrival route, the flight phase and CDI scale does not change until the
aircraft arrives at the first waypoint in the arrive route (if within 31 nm from the destination airport).
• During approach, the CDI scale ramps down even further (Figures 2-28 and 2-29). This transition normally
occurs within 2.0 nm of the Final Approach Fix (FAF). The CDI switches to approach scaling automatically
once the approach procedure is active or if Vectors-To-Final (VTF) are selected.
- If the active waypoint is the FAF, the ground track and the bearing to the FAF must be within 45° of the
final approach segment course.
- If the active waypoint is part of the missed approach procedure, the active leg and the preceding missed
approach legs must be aligned with the final approach segment course and the aircraft must not have
passed the turn initiation point.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
79
2 nm
FAF
FAF
CDI scale varies if VTF is activated
0.3 nm
1.0 nm
angle based
on database
information
course width
2 nm
CDI Full-scale Deflection
0.3 nm
angle set
by system
350 ft
CDI scale is set to the smaller of 0.3 nm
or an angle set by the system
1.0 nm
CDI Full-scale Deflection
Flight Instruments
Landing
Threshold
CDI scale varies if VTF is activated
Figure 2-28 Typical LNAV and LNAV+V Approach CDI Scaling
Figure 2-29 Typical LNAV/VNAV and LPV Approach CDI Scaling
• When a missed approach is activated, the CDI scale changes to 0.3 nm.
• The system automatically switches back to terminal mode under the following conditions:
- The next leg in the missed approach procedure is not aligned with the final approach path
- The next leg in the missed approach procedure is not a CA, CD, CF, CI, CR, DF, FA, FC, FD, FM, IF, or TF leg
- After any leg in the missed approach procedure that is not a CA or FA leg
Flight Phase
Departure
Terminal
Enroute
Oceanic
Annunciation*
DPRT
TERM
ENR
OCN
Approach
(Non-precision)
LNAV
Approach
(Non-precision with
Vertical Guidance)
Approach
(LNAV/VNAV)
Approach
(LPV)
Missed Approach
Automatic CDI Full-scale Deflection
0.3 nm
1.0 nm
2.0 nm
2.0 nm
1.0 nm decreasing to 350 feet depending on
variables (Figure 2-28)
LNAV + V
L/VNAV
LPV
MAPR
1.0 nm decreasing to a specified course width, then
0.3 nm, depending on variables (Figure 2-29)
0.3 nm
* Flight phase annunciations are normally shown in magenta, but when cautionary
conditions exist the color changes to yellow.
Table 2-2 Automatic GPS CDI Scaling
80
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Flight Instruments
OBS Mode
NOTE: VNV is inhibited while automatic waypoint sequencing has been suspended.
Enabling Omni-bearing Selector (OBS) Mode suspends the automatic sequencing of waypoints in a GPS
flight plan (GPS must be the selected navigation source), but retains the current Active-to waypoint as the
navigation reference even after passing the waypoint. OBS is annunciated to the lower right of the aircraft
symbol when OBS Mode is selected.
While OBS Mode is enabled, a course line is drawn through the Active-to waypoint on the moving map. If
desired, the course to/from the waypoint can now be adjusted. When OBS Mode is disabled, the GPS flight
plan returns to normal operation with automatic sequencing of waypoints, following the course set in OBS
Mode. The flight path on the moving map retains the modified course line.
GPS
Selected
Extended
Course
Line
OBS Mode
Enabled
Pressing the OBS
Softkey Enables
OBS Mode
Pressing the OBS
Softkey Again
Disables OBS Mode
Figure 2-30 Omni-bearing Selector (OBS) Mode
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
81
Flight Instruments
Enabling/disabling OBS Mode while navigating a GPS flight plan:
1) Press the OBS Softkey to select OBS Mode.
2) Turn the CRS Knob to select the desired course to/from the waypoint. Press the CRS Knob to synchronize the
Selected Course with the bearing to the next waypoint.
3) Press the OBS Softkey again to return to automatic waypoint sequencing.
As the aircraft crosses the missed approach point (MAP), automatic approach waypoint sequencing is
suspended. SUSP appears on the HSI at the lower right of the aircraft symbol. The OBS Softkey label changes
to indicate the suspension is active as shown in Figure 2-31. Selecting the SUSP Softkey, deactivates the
suspension and resumes automatic sequencing of approach waypoints.
SUSP Annunciation
Pressing the SUSP Softkey
Suspends Automatic
Waypoint Sequencing
Figure 2-31 Suspending Automatic Waypoint Sequencing
82
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Flight Instruments
2.2Supplemental Flight Data
Note: Selecting the DFLTS Softkey turns off metric altimeter display, the Inset Map, and wind data
display.
In addition to the flight instruments, the PFDs also display various supplemental information, including
temperatures, wind data, and Vertical Navigation (VNV) indications.
Temperature Displays
The Total and Static air temperatures (TAT and SAT) are displayed in the lower left of the PFD under normal
conditions, or underneath the Airspeed Indicator in reversionary display mode. Both are displayed in degrees
Celsius (°C) or Fahrenheit (°F) as configured by the installation personnel.
Normal
Display
Reversionary
Mode
Figure 2-32 Total and Static Air Temperatures
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
83
Flight Instruments
Wind Data
Wind direction and speed in knots can be displayed relative to the aircraft in a window to the upper left of
the HSI. When the window is selected for display, but wind information is invalid or unavailable, the window
displays NO WIND DATA. Valid wind data can be displayed in three different ways:
Option 1
Option 2
Option 3
No Data
Figure 2-33 Wind Data
Displaying wind data:
1) Press the PFD Softkey.
2) Press the WIND Softkey to display wind data below the Selected Heading.
3) Press one of the OPTN softkeys to change how wind data is displayed:
• OPTN 1: Wind direction arrows with numeric headwind/tailwind and crosswind components
• OPTN 2: True wind direction arrow and numeric speed
• OPTN 3: Wind direction arrow with numeric True direction and speed
4) To remove the window, press the OFF Softkey.
84
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Flight Instruments
Vertical Navigation (VNV) Indications
When a VNV flight plan has been activated, VNV indications (VNV Target Altitude, RVSI, VDI) appear on the
PFD in conjunction with the “TOD within 1 minute” message and “Vertical track” voice alert. See the Flight
Management and AFCS sections for details on VNV features. VNV indications are removed from the PFD
according to the criteria listed in Table 2-3.
Top of Descent Message
VNV Target
Altitude
Vertical
Deviation
Indicator
Required
Vertical Speed
Indicator
GPS is
Selected
Navigation
Source
Enroute
Phase of
Flight
Figure 2-34 Vertical Navigation Indications (PFD)
VNV Indication Removed
Required Vertical
Vertical
VNV Target
Speed (RVSI)
Deviation (VDI)
Altitude
Aircraft > 1 min before the next TOD due to flight plan change
X
X
X
VNV cancelled (CNCL VNV Softkey selected on MFD)
X
X
X
Distance to active waypoint cannot be computed due to
unsupported flight plan leg type (see Flight Management
X
X
X
Section)
Aircraft > 250 feet below active VNV Target Altitude
X
X
X
Current crosstrack or track angle error has exceeded limit
X
X
X
Active altitude-constrained waypoint can not be reached within
X
X
maximum allowed flight path angle and vertical speed
Criteria
Table 2-3 VNV Indication Removal Criteria
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
85
Flight Instruments
2.3 PFD Annunciations and Alerting Functions
The following annunciations and alerting functions are displayed on the PFD. Refer to Appendix A for more
information on alerts and annunciations.
Prodigy® System Annunciations
The System Messages Window conveys messages to the flight crew regarding problems with the Prodigy®
System. When a new message is issued, the MSG Softkey flashes to alert the flight crew. It continues to flash
until selected, which opens the System Messages Window and acknowledges the message(s) which initiated
the flashing. When the window is open, messages for which the trigger conditions no longer exist turn gray.
Messages generated while the window is open are not automatically displayed, but cause the MSG Softkey to
begin flashing again. Pressing the MSG Softkey while the System Messages Window is open closes the window,
unless the MSG Softkey is flashing.
Critical values generated by redundant sensors are monitored by comparators. If differences in the sensors
exceed a specified amount, the Comparator Window appears in the upper right corner of the PFD and the
discrepancy is annunciated in the Comparator Window as a MISCOMP (miscompare). If one or both of the
sensed values are unavailable, it is annunciated as a NO COMP (no compare).
Reversionary sensor selection is annunciated in a window on the right side of the PFD. These annunciations
reflect reversionary sensors selected on one or both PFDs. Pressing the SENSOR Softkey accesses the ADC1,
ADC2, ADCSTBY, AHRS1, AHRS2, and ATTSTBY softkeys. These softkeys allow switching of the sensors
being viewed on each PFD. With certain types of sensor failures, the system may make sensor selections
automatically. The GPS sensor cannot be switched manually.
Comparator
Window
Reversionary
Sensor
Window
Annunciation
Window
Messages
Window
Softkey
Annunciation
Figure 2-35 Prodigy Alerting System
86
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Flight Instruments
Marker Beacon Annunciations
Marker Beacon Annunciations are displayed on the PFD to the left of the Selected Altitude. Outer marker
reception is indicated in blue, middle in yellow, and inner in white. Refer to the Audio Panel and CNS Section
for more information on Marker Beacon Annunciations.
Outer Marker
Middle Marker
Inner Marker
Altimeter
Figure 2-36 Marker Beacon Annunciations
Traffic Annunciations
Traffic is displayed symbolically on the Inset Map (PFD), the Navigation Map Page (MFD), and various
other MFD page maps. Refer to the Hazard Avoidance Section and Appendix F for more details about the
Traffic Information Service (TIS) and optional Traffic Collision Avoidance System II (TCAS II). When a Traffic
Advisory (TA) or TCAS II Resolution Advisory (RA) detected, the following automatically occur:
• The PFD Inset Map is enabled, displaying traffic.
• A flashing black-on-yellow (TA) TRAFFIC annunciation or white-on red (RA) TRAFFIC annunciation appears
to the top left of the Attitude Indicator for five seconds and remains displayed until no TAs or RAs are detected
in the area.
• One or more aural traffic alerts is generated.
• For TCAS II installations with an active RA, vertical guidance pitch cues will appear on the Attitude Indicator
and Vertical Speed Indicator; see the Hazard Avoidance Section for details about TCAS II.
PFD TA Annunciation
Traffic
Symbols
PFD RA Annunciation
(TCAS II Only)
PFD Inset Map with TIS Traffic Displayed
Figure 2-37 Traffic Annunciation and Inset Map with Traffic Displayed
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
87
Flight Instruments
TAWS Annunciations
Terrain Awareness and Warning System (TAWS) annunciations appear on the PFD to the upper left of the
Altimeter. In TAWS-A installations, additional annunciations also appear to the upper right of the Airspeed
Indicator. Refer to the Hazard Avoidance Section and Appendix A for information on TAWS alerts and
annunciations.
Figure 2-38 Example TAWS-A Annunciations
Altitude Alerting
The Altitude Alerting function provides visual and audio alerts when approaching the Selected Altitude.
Whenever the Selected Altitude is changed, Altitude Alerting is reset. Altitude Alerting is based on the altitude
information shown on PFD1. Altitude Alerting is independent of the AFCS.
The following occur when approaching the Selected Altitude:
• Upon passing through 1000 feet of the Selected Altitude, the Selected Altitude Box changes to black text on
a light blue background, flashes for five seconds, and an aural tone is generated.
• When the aircraft passes within 200 feet of the Selected Altitude, the Selected Altitude changes to light blue
text on a black background and flashes for five seconds.
• After reaching the Selected Altitude, if the aircraft flies outside the deviation band (±200 feet of the Selected
Altitude), the Selected Altitude Box changes to yellow text on a black background, flashes for five seconds. In
addition, two aural tones are generated followed by an “Altitude” voice alert.
Within 1000 feet
Within 200 feet
Deviation of ±200 feet
Figure 2-39 Altitude Alerting Visual Annunciations
88
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Flight Instruments
Low Altitude Annunciation
NOTE: A Low Altitude Annunciation is available only when SBAS is available. In addition, TAWS must be
inhibited in order for this annunciation to be shown.
When the Final Approach Fix (FAF) is the active waypoint in a RNAV GPS approach using vertical guidance,
a Low Altitude Annunciation may appear if the current aircraft altitude is at least 164 feet below the prescribed
altitude at the FAF. A black-on-yellow LOW ALT annunciation appears to the top right of the altimeter, flashing
for several seconds then remaining displayed until the condition is resolved.
Altimeter
Figure 2-40 Low Altitude on GPS SBAS Approach
Minimum Descent Altitude/Decision Height Alerting
For altitude awareness, a Minimum Descent Altitude (MDA) or Decision Height (DH), based on barometric
altitude or optional radar altimeter height. When active, the altitude setting is displayed to the lower left of the
altimeter and with a bug at the corresponding altitude along the altimeter (once the altitude is within the visible
range of the tape). The following visual annunciations alert the pilot when approaching MDA or DH:
• When the aircraft altitude descends to within 2500 feet of the MDA/DH setting, the BARO MIN or RA MIN
box appears with the altitude in light blue text. The bug appears on the altitude tape in light blue once in
range.
• When the aircraft passes through 100 feet of the MDA/DH, the bug and text turn white.
• Once the aircraft reaches MDA/DH, the bug and text turn yellow and the aural alert, “Minimums. Minimums”,
is generated.
Within 2500 feet
Within 100 feet
Altitude Reached
Barometric
Minimum
Bug
Barometric
Minimum
Box
Figure 2-41 Barometric Minimum Descent Altitude/Decision Height Alerting Visual Annunciations
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
89
Flight Instruments
Alerting is inhibited while the aircraft is on the ground and until the aircraft reaches 150 feet above the setting
for the alert. If the aircraft proceeds to climb after having reached the MDA/DH, once it reaches 50 feet above
the MDA/DH, alerting is disabled.
The MDA/DH may be set from either PFD and is synchronized on both PFDs. The function is reset when the
power is cycled.
Setting the Minimum Descent Altitude/Decision Height:
1) Press the TMR/REF Softkey.
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the Minimums field (Figure 2-42).
3) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the barometric (BARO) or radar altimeter (RAD ALT) altitude source. OFF is
selected by default. Press the ENT Key or turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the next field.
4) Use the small FMS Knob to enter the desired altitude (BARO from zero to 16,000 feet, RAD ALT from zero to
2,500 feet ).
5) To remove the window, press the CLR Key or press the TMR/REF Softkey.
Figure 2-42 Barometric MDA/DH
90
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Flight Instruments
Radar Altimeter
When the radar height (the aircraft altitude above ground level detected by the radar altimeter) is between
zero and 2500 feet, the current value is displayed in green above the selected course box (Figure 2-43). Display
of radar height becomes more sensitive as the height above ground decreases (Table 2-4).
Radar Altimeter
Figure 2-43 Current Radar Height
Radar Height Range
Shown to Nearest
0 to 200 feet
5 feet
200 to 1500 feet
10 feet
1500 to 2500 feet
50 feet
Table 2-4 Radar Altimeter Sensitivity
When the radar altimeter is selected as the altitude source for the minimum descent altitude/decision height
alerting function (Figure 2-44), the color of the radar height readout changes from green to yellow upon descent
to or below this altitude (Figure 2-45). Refer to the Minimum Descent Altitude/Decision Height Alerting
discussion in this section for more information about this function.
Figure 2-44 RAD ALT Setting
(Timer/References Window)
Figure 2-45 RA as Altitude Source for MDA/DH
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
91
Flight Instruments
A ground line (Figure 2-46) is shown on the Altimeter to display the aircraft’s height relative to the ground.
If the data becomes invalid, the message “RA FAIL” is displayed in yellow instead of the current radar height
(Figure 2-47).
Radar Altimeter
Ground
Line
Radar Altimeter
Minimums Box
Figure 2-46 Altimeter Displaying the Ground Line (RAD ALT)
Figure 2-47 Radar Altimeter Invalid Data
92
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Flight Instruments
2.4Abnormal Operations
Altitude Alerting
Under normal conditions, the Altitude Alerting function is based on the Selected Altitude shown on PFD1
(Figure 2-9). If the MFD is operating in Reversionary Mode, the Selected Altitude shown on the MFD will be
used for Altitude Alerting instead. If the MFD has also failed, then Altitude Alerting will be based on the PFD
2 Selected Altitude.
Abnormal GPS Conditions
The annunciations listed in Table 2-5 can appear on the HSI when abnormal GPS conditions occur. Refer to
the Flight Management Section for more information on Dead Reckoning (DR) Mode.
Annunciation
LOI
INTEG OK
DR
Location
Lower left of
aircraft symbol
Lower left of
aircraft symbol
Upper right of
aircraft symbol
Description
Loss of Integrity Monitoring–GPS integrity is insufficient for the current
phase of flight
Integrity OK–GPS integrity has been restored to within normal limits
(annunciation displayed for five seconds)
Dead Reckoning–System is using projected position rather than GPS position
to compute navigation data and sequence active flight plan waypoints
Table 2-5 Abnormal GPS Conditions Annunciated on HSI
Figure 2-48 Example HSI Annunciations
DR Mode causes the CDI to be removed from the display (when GPS is the selected navigation source) and
the following items on the PFD to be shown in yellow:
• Current Track Bug
• Wind data and pointers in the Wind Data Box on the PFD
• Distances in the Bearing Information windows
• GPS bearing pointers
• Groundspeed
These items should be verified when operating in DR Mode.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
93
Flight Instruments
Unusual Attitudes
When the aircraft enters an unusual pitch attitude, red extreme pitch warning chevrons pointing toward the
horizon are displayed on the Attitude Indicator, starting at 50˚ above and 30˚ below the horizon line.
Nose High
Nose Low
Figure 2-49 Pitch Attitude Warnings
If pitch exceeds +30˚/-20˚ or bank exceeds 65˚, some information displayed on the PFD is removed. The
Altimeter and Airspeed, Attitude, Vertical Speed, and Horizontal Situation indicators remain on the display
and the Bearing Information, Alerts, and Annunciation windows can be displayed during such situations. The
following information is removed from the PFD (and corresponding softkeys are disabled) when the aircraft
experiences unusual attitudes:
94
• Traffic Annunciations
• System Time
• AFCS Annunciations
• PFD Setup Menu
• Minimum Descent Altitude/
Decision Height readout
• Flight director Command Bars
• Inset Map
• Windows displayed in the lower
right corner of the PFD:
• Vertical Deviation, Glideslope,
and Glidepath Indicators
• Outside air temperature (OAT)
– Timer/References
• Altimeter Barometric Setting
• DME Information Window
– Nearest Airports
• Selected Altitude
• Wind data
– Flight Plan
• VNV Target Altitude
• Selected Heading Box
– Messages
• Airspeed Reference
• Selected Course Box
– Procedures
• Transponder Status Box
– ADF/DME Tuning
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Engine & Airframe Systems
Section 3 Engine and Airframe systems
Note: Refer to the Airplane Flight Manual (AFM) for limitations.
The Prodigy® Integrated Flight Deck offers improved flight operations and reduces crew workload by
automatically monitoring critical system parameters and providing system alerts during all phases of flight using
the following:
• The Engine Indication System (EIS) displays electrical, fuel, engine, pressurization, and flight control
information on the left side of the Multi Function Display (MFD).
• Synoptics pages are provided for monitoring the status of the doors, brakes, hydraulics, oxygen, pressurization,
environmental control, electrical, fuel, and de-icing systems.
• The Crew Alerting System (CAS) displays advisories, cautions, and warnings to communicate conditions,
statuses, and system failures. CAS messages are grouped by level of importance and color-coded based on
urgency and appear in a window to the right of the Altimeter on the Primary Flight displays (PFDs).
In combination with these, aural alerts, additional avionics messages, and master indicators are used to inform
the crew of aberrant flight conditions. The system also provides an improved level of maintenance data for the
ground crew.
PFD
CAS
Window
MFD
EIS
Display
Figure 3-1 EICAS (Normal)
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
95
Engine & Airframe Systems
In the event of a display failure, depending on the failed display(s), the operating display(s) may be re-configured
to present Primary Flight Display (PFD) symbology together with condensed EIS information (refer to the System
Overview for more information about Reversionary Mode).
CAS
Window
EIS
Display
Figure 3-2 EICAS (Reversionary Mode)
The SYSTEM Softkey accesses the EIS softkeys. The STATUS, ECS, ELEC, FUEL, ICEPROT, and ENG MNT
softkeys or the small FMS Knob access the Synoptic pages (see Section 3.2). To return to the previous softkey
level and exit the Synoptics pages, select the BACK Softkey, press the CLR Key, or turn the large FMS Knob.
SYSTEM
ENG SET
LFE
CON
CLB
STATUS
ECS
OAT
OAT
ELEC
FUEL
ICEPROT
ENG MNT
BACK
ATR ON
ATR OFF
ACCEPT
BACK
CHKLIST
Press the BACK Softkey to return
to the previous level softkeys.
FMS LFE
+500 FT
-500 FT
+50 FT
ACCEPT
-50 FT
CLEAR E1 CLEAR E2
BACK
BACK
CHKLIST
Figure 3-3 EIS and Synoptics Softkeys
96
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Engine & Airframe Systems
Accesses the FADEC settings softkeys; displays the Takeoff Data Set Window when aircraft is
parked or taxiing
Selects the continuous thrust rating
CON*
Selects the maximum climb thrust rating
CLB*
Increases the takeoff outside air temperature (OAT) setting in one-degree Celsius (°C)
OAT **
increments
Decreases the takeoff OAT setting in one-degree Celsius (°C) increments
OAT **
Enables Automatic Thrust Reserve (ATR)
ATR ON**
Disables ATR
ATR OFF**
Confirms the selected takeoff settings
ACCEPT**
Accesses softkeys for manually setting the Landing Field Elevation (LFE)
• LFE
Sets current flight plan destination elevation as displayed LFE
FMS LFE
Increases currently displayed LFE value by 500 ft
+500 FT
Decreases currently displayed LFE value by 500 ft
-500 FT
Increases currently displayed LFE value by 50 ft
+50 FT
Decreases currently displayed LFE value by 50 ft
-50 FT
Confirms the LFE setting and returns to the previous softkey level
ACCEPT
Displays the Status Synoptics Page
• STATUS
Displays the Environmental Control System (ECS) Synoptics Page
• ECS
Displays the Electrical Synoptics Page
• ELEC
Displays the Fuel Synoptics Page
• FUEL
Displays the Ice Protection Synoptics Page
• ICEPROT
• ENG MNT*** Displays the Engine Maintenance Page
CLEAR E1*** Clears Engine 1 exceedances and long time dispatch faults
CLEAR E2*** Clears Engine 2 exceedances and long time dispatch faults
• ENG SET
* Softkey disabled while aircraft is on the ground
** Softkey disabled while aircraft is in the air
*** Enabled only while the aircraft is on the ground and engines are turned off
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
97
Engine & Airframe Systems
3.1 Engine Indication System (EIS)
EIS information is presented using gauges and digital readouts. During normal operating conditions, gauge
pointers and readout text appear in green. When unsafe operating conditions occur, gauge pointers and readouts
change color to indicate caution (yellow) or warning (red). Refer to each indicator description for additional
details on display behavior.
If the time limit for an unsafe condition is exceeded, the color of the pointers and digits may change to denote
an increase in priority level. Parameters out of the range of the readout display as a red “X”. If sensor data for a
parameter becomes invalid or unavailable, a red “X” is displayed across the indicator and/or readout.
1
1
2
2
3
3
4
4
5
5
6
6
7
7
8
9
9
10
8
10
11
11
Figure 3-5 EIS Display (Reversionary)
Figure 3-4 EICAS Display (Normal)
1
Engine Fan Rotation Speed
4
Oil Pressure and Temperature
8
2
Interstage Turbine
Temperature (ITT)
Engine High Pressure
Compressor Rotation Speed
5
Fuel Display
9
Speed Brake Status not
Displayed on Phenom 100
Landing Gear Status
6
Battery Voltmeter
10
Flap Indicator
7
Cabin Display
11
Trim Indicator
3
98
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Engine & Airframe Systems
Takeoff Data Set Window
When the aircraft is parked or is taxiing, the Outside Air Temperature (OAT) for the departure airport can be
set and Automatic Thrust Reserve (ATR) enabled/disabled in the Takeoff Data Set Window.
Figure 3-6 Takeoff Data Set Window
Setting the Outside Air Temperature (OAT):
1) Select the SYSTEM Softkey.
2) Select the ENG SET Softkey to display the Takeoff Data Set Window.
3) To adjust the temperature in 1 °C increments, use the OAT and OAT softkeys,
4) If desired, change the ATR status while the Takeoff Data Set Window is displayed.
5) To confirm the selected takeoff settings and close the Takeoff Data Set Window, select the ACCEPT Softkey,
Or:
To cancel the operation, select the BACK Softkey.
On aircraft electrical power-up, Automatic Thrust Reserve (ATR) is enabled by default. ATR status (defined
in Table 3-1) is shown at the top of the EIS Display (Figure 3-7).
Indication*
ATR
ATR
TO - RSV
Description
ATR enabled in both engines
ATR armed in both engines, but inactive
ATR activated in at least one engine
* When no indication is shown, ATR has not been
enabled or armed in both engines.
Table 3-1 Automatic Thrust Reserve (ATR) Status
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
99
Engine & Airframe Systems
Disabling/enabling Automatic Thrust Reserve (ATR):
1) Select the SYSTEM Softkey.
2) Select the ENG SET Softkey to display the Takeoff Data Set Window.
3) To disable ATR, select the ATR OFF Softkey;
Or:
To enable ATR, select the ATR ON Softkey.
4) If desired, change the OAT while the Takeoff Data Set Window is displayed.
5) To confirm the selected takeoff settings and close the Takeoff Data Set Window, select the ACCEPT Softkey,
Or:
To cancel the operation, select the BACK Softkey.
Engine Indications
Automatic Thrust
Reserve Status
Thrust Rating
Commanded
N1 Rating
Engine Fan
Speed
N1 Transient Limit
Current Speed
Control Arc
Thrust Rating
Max Speed
N1 for Thrust
Rating Max
Speed
ITT Steady
State Limit
ITT Transient
Limit
Interstage Turbine
Temperature
Ignition Status
Engine High Pressure
Compressor Speed
Oil Pressure
Oil Temperature
Figure 3-7 Engine and Oil Indications
The upper portion of the EIS Display is devoted to showing indications for the engines: engine stage
rotation speeds (N1 and N2; shown as percentages), ATR status, thrust rating information, Interstage Turbine
Temperatures (ITT; degrees Celsius, °C), and oil pressure (pounds per square inch, psi) and temperature (°C).
The N1 gauges indicate the engine fan rotation speeds, while the N2 readouts show the engine high pressure
compressor rotation speeds. Both are shown as percentages. Values and limits are obtained from the Full
Authority Digital Engine Controller (FADEC).
100
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Engine & Airframe Systems
On the N1 gauges, the following indications can be displayed:
• Commanded N1 Rating (based on Thrust Lever Angle, TLA, position) – When the current N1 value is below
the commanded rating, a light blue arc is drawn from the current to the commanded N1 value.
• N1 value corresponding to the Thrust Rating Maximum Speed (shown as a light blue T-shaped bug)
• Current Speed Control N1 value (shown as a green arc)
• Engine shutdown (normal operations) – When the engines are shutting down normally, the N1 gauges display
a light blue “OFF” annunciation (Figure 3-8).
Figure 3-8 Engine Shutdown Indication
Interstage Turbine Temperatures (ITT) values and limits are obtained from the Full Authority Digital Engine
Control (FADEC). Ignition status appears below the ‘IGN’ label beside the ITT scales (A, B, AB, or OFF).
Thrust Rating
The thrust rating for the engines is shown at the center top of the EIS Display, above and between the N1
gauges (see Table 3-2 for indications). The maximum value of the speed range (in %) for the displayed thrust
rating is shown above each N1 gauge. While the aircraft is in the air, the rating can be changed to suit the
conditions for maximum climb or continuous thrust.
Indication
CRZ
CLB
CON
TO
GA
Thrust Rating
Cruise
Climb
Continuous
Takeoff
Go Around
Table 3-2 Thrust Rating Indications
Selecting a thrust rating:
1) Select the SYSTEM Softkey.
2) Select the ENG SET Softkey
3) To choose the continuous thrust rating, select the CON Softkey,
Or:
To choose the maximum climb thrust rating, select the CLB Softkey.
4) Select the BACK Softkey to return to the previous softkey level.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
101
Engine & Airframe Systems
Current Speed Control (CSC)
Current Speed Control (CSC), if available, can be activated while the autopilot is engaged and Altitude Hold
Mode is active. During CSC, the FADEC varies engine thrust to maintain the desired airspeed (green airspeed
bug), within a certain control range.
When CSC is active, a green arc appears on the N1 gauges, at values corresponding to the current speed
selected (Figure 3-9).
The N1 gauge flashes ‘LIM’ (black text on yellow background) if the CSC maximum authority limit has been
reached for the corresponding engine.
Figure 3-9 N1 Current Speed Control Limit
Selecting Current Speed Control (CSC):
1) With the autopilot engaged, select Altitude Hold Mode (see the AFCS Section for details).
2) Press the CSC Key (on the AFCS Control Unit).
Fuel and Electrical Indications
The fuel display is located beneath the oil indicators and shows the fuel flow in pounds per hour (pph) and
the fuel quantity in pounds (lb) for each engine, the total fuel quantity, and the fuel tank temperature in °C.
Fuel display can also be configured by the factory for kilograms.
Engine Fuel Flow
Tank Fuel Quantity
Total Fuel Quantity
Fuel Temperature
Figure 3-10 Fuel Display
Voltages for batteries 1 and 2 are shown as readouts below the fuel indications.
Figure 3-11 Electrical Display
102
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Engine & Airframe Systems
Cabin Pressurization
The Cabin Display shows cabin pressurization information (cabin altitude and rate of change, differential
cabin pressure) along with the Landing Field Elevation (LFE) and oxygen system pressure. The trend of cabin
pressure altitude rate change is indicated by a green arrow beside the rate readout.
The LFE is set automatically based on the destination in the active flight plan by pressing the FMS LFE
Softkey, but can also be adjusted manually by the pilot. Automatically entered values appear in green; if the
value is entered by the pilot, it changes to light blue. Pilot selected LFE flashes yellow for 30 seconds when a
difference of >5 feet occurs. A red “X” is displayed if the LFE is out of range or the data source is invalid.
If the landing field elevation is high enough, the indication “HI FIELD” is shown at the top of the Cabin
Display and the cabin altitude caution and warning thresholds are increased to avoid generation of nuisance
alert indications.
High Landing
Field Elevation
Pressure
Altitude
Pressure
Change Rate
Pressure
Differential
Landing Field
Elevation
Oxygen System
Pressure
Figure 3-12 Cabin Display
Setting the displayed landing field elevation:
1) Select the SYSTEM Softkey.
2) Select the LFE Softkey.
3) Select the FMS LFE Softkey to set the LFE to the value for the destination airport in the current flight plan.
Or:
Use the ±500 and ±50 FT softkeys to set the desired elevation between -1,000 and 14,000 feet.
4) To confirm the new LFE value, select the ACCEPT Softkey.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
103
Engine & Airframe Systems
Landing Gear
Landing gear status is shown using the indications in Table 3-3.
Indication
Description
Landing Gear Down
Main Landing
Gear
Left-side
Landing Gear
Speed Brake
Status not
Displayed on the
Phenom 100
Landing Gear Up
Right-side
Landing Gear
Landing Gear Locked Down
(Abnormal)
Landing Gear Transitioning
(Normal)
Figure 3-13 Landing Gear Indications
Landing Gear Locked Up
(Abnormal)
Landing Gear Transitioning
(Abnormal)
Table 3-3 Landing Gear Position Indications
Flaps and Trim
Flap deflection is normally displayed beneath the trim indications using a rotating pointer and a green readout
indicating the flap lever setting (0, 1, 2, 3, or FULL). A light blue bug marks the selected flap position. When
the flap is in motion, the readout is dashed. If the position data becomes invalid, the flap pointer is removed
from the display, and the readout is displayed with a red “X”.
Pitch, roll, and yaw trim indications are shown along scales at the bottom of the EIS Display. If the trim
information becomes invalid, the pointers are removed and the readout (for pitch) is displayed with a red “X”.
Flap
Position
Flap
Lever
Setting
Flap
Selected
Bug
Figure 3-14 Flap and Trim Indications
104
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Engine & Airframe Systems
3.2 Synoptics
The Synoptics pages show current conditions of certain aircraft functionalities on aviation system diagrams,
reducing workload by allowing the flight crew to rapidly analyze the situation. Aircraft systems graphically
depicted in the synoptic diagrams include:
• Ice protection system
• Fuel system
• Brake system
• Hydraulics system
• Doors
• Oxygen system
• Electrical system
• Pressurization system
• Environmental system
System Status
The Status Synoptics Page is displayed after the power-up splash screen is acknowledged on the MFD. The
aircraft diagram displays open passenger and emergency doors in red and open baggage doors in yellow.
1
2
3
4
5
6
10
9
7
8
1
Flight ID
6
Oxygen
2
Static Air Temperature (SAT)
7
Emergency Brake Accumulator Pressure
3
Total Air Temperature (TAT)
8
Door Status
4
True Airspeed (TAS)
9
Electrical Status
5
Engine Short Dispatch Message Box
10
Hydraulic Pressure
Figure 3-15 System Status Synoptics Page
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
105
Engine & Airframe Systems
Environmental Control System (ECS)
2
1
3
5
4
6
8
7
10
9
12
11
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
1
Cockpit Temperature Setting
11
Bleed Line 1 (Left) Pressure
2
Actual Cockpit Temperature
12
Bleed Line 2 (Right) Pressure
3
Cockpit Evaporator Fan
13
Heat Exchanger Pack Cooling Circuit
4
Cabin Temperature Setting
14
Cockpit Duct Temperature Setting
5
Actual Cabin Temperature
15
Cabin Duct Temperature Setting
6
Cabin Evaporator Fan
16
Pressure Regulating Shutoff Valve (PRSOV) 1
7
Ram Air Duct
17
Pressure Regulating Shutoff Valve (PRSOV) 2
8
Ram Air Valve (RAV)
18
Ground Cooling Fan (GCF)
9
Flow Control Shutoff Valve (FCV) 1
19
Vapor Cycle System (VCS)
10
Flow Control Shutoff Valve (FCV) 2
20
Outflow Valve (OFV) Status*
* Outflow valve (OFV) status is displayed only while the aircraft is parked or taxiing.
Figure 3-16 Environmental Control System Synoptics Page
106
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Engine & Airframe Systems
Lines between icons on the diagram denote ducting. Icons shown in green are operating normally. A white
icon may indicate that a unit is off or not otherwise operating normally (see Table 3-4). A red “X” indicates
failure of a unit.
Unit
Icons and Descriptions
Fan
On
Off
On
Off
On
Off
Heat Exchanger
Vapor Cycle System
PRSOV
Open with flow
Open, no flow
Closed
Ram Air Duct From
NACA Scoop
Airborne
On ground
Ram Air Valve
Closed
Open, airborne
Open, on ground
Table 3-4 Environmental Control System Unit Status Indications
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
107
Engine & Airframe Systems
Electrical
The Electrical Synoptics Page uses a diagram of the aircraft’s electrical system to display the system status. The
generators, ground power supply (GPU), batteries, and buses are shown in green to denote normal operation.
Color of the units changes depending on the condition (Table 3-5). A red “X” over a component indicates
invalid data or a failed unit.
Battery
Bus
Generator
Ground Power Unit
Figure 3-17 Electrical Synoptics Page
Unit
Icons and Descriptions
Generator
On
Bus
Off bus
Off
Normal
Abnormal
Normal
Abnormal
Battery
Table 3-5 Electrical System Unit Status Indications
108
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Engine & Airframe Systems
Fuel
The Fuel Synoptics Page displays the status of the fuel tanks and feed system. A red “X” over a component
indicates invalid data or a failed unit.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
1
Total Fuel
9
Right Feed Ejector
8
9
2
Fuel Used
10
Fuel 1 SOV
10
11
3
Fuel Transfer SOV
11
Fuel 2 SOV
12
13
4
Left Tank Fuel Quantity
12
LH Pressure Switch
5
Right Tank Fuel Quantity
13
RH Pressure Switch
14
15
6
Left DC Pump
14
Left Engine Feed Line
7
Right DC Pump
15
Right Engine Feed Line
8
Left Feed Ejector
Figure 3-18 Fuel Synoptics Page
Unit
Icons and Descriptions
Fuel Line
Operating
Not operating
Feed Ejector
Not operating
Operating
Fuel Pressure
Switch
Operating
Valve
Not operating
Open with flow Open, no flow
In transit
Closed
DC Pump
Not operating
Operating
Fuel Transfer Valve
Open with flow
In transit
Closed
Table 3-6 Fuel System Unit Status Indications
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
109
Engine & Airframe Systems
Ice Protection System
When the ice protection system is operating normally, all components are shown in green on the system
diagram. Items in white indicate components which are off. A red “X” over a component indicates invalid data
or a failed unit.
1
1
2
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
2
1
Windshield Heaters
7
EAI 1 Valve and Bleed Line
2
Boot Lines and Valves
8
EAI 2 Valve and Bleed Line
3
Inboard Ejector Flow Control Valve (EFCV)
9
Pressure Regulating Shut-Off Valve 1 (PRSOV 1)
4
Outboard Ejector Flow Control Valve (EFCV)
10
Pressure Regulating Shut-Off Valve 2 (PRSOV 2)
5
Engine Anti Ice 1 Bleed Duct and Lip Skin
11
STAB Ejector Flow Control Valve (EFCV)
6
Engine Anti Ice 2 Bleed Duct and Lip Skin
12
Ice Protection Bleed Duct
Figure 3-19 Ice Protection Synoptics Page
110
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Engine & Airframe Systems
Unit
Inboard/Outboard
EFCV and PRSOV
STB EFCV and
EAI Valve
Icons and Descriptions
Open with flow Open, no flow
Closed
Open with flow Open, no flow
Closed
Table 3-7 Ice Protection System Unit Status Indications
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
111
Engine & Airframe Systems
Engine Maintenance
NOTE: Refer to the Airplane Flight Manual (AFM) for required actions.
The Engine Maintenance Synoptics Page can only displayed when the aircraft is on the ground and both
engines are off. Maintenance personnel can view status messages for engine dispatch items and the following
engine parameter exceedance peaks and durations recorded by the FADEC for the last engine start-shutdown
cycle:
• Engine fan rotation speed (N1)
• Inter Turbine Temperature (ITT)
• Engine high pressure compressor rotation speed
(N2)
• Main oil temperature and Pressure
• Fuel temperature
If no peaks are detected, the values and times are displayed as dashes The data is cleared from the display
using the CLEAR E1 and CLEAR E2 softkeys.
The Engine Maintenance Page also displays the ITT and N1 trims that are loaded in each Engine Data
Collection Unit (EDCU)
Figure 3-20 Engine Maintenance Synoptics Page
112
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Engine & Airframe Systems
3.3 Crew Alerting System (CAS)
NOTE: Aural alerts associated with abnormal conditions and advisories are managed through the audio
panels. Refer to the Audio Panel and CNS Section for more information.
When Crew Alerting System (CAS) messages are generated, the CAS Window opens to the right of the Altimeter
(on the PFDs). Up to 14 messages can be displayed; when more than 14 messages accumulate, the CAS Softkey
becomes available. Pressing the CAS Softkey displays softkeys for scrolling up and down through the messages
in the CAS Window.
In Reversionary Mode, the CAS Softkey takes the place of the INSET Softkey.
CAS
Window
CAS Scrolling Softkey
(Disabled Until More
Than 14 Messages
are Displayed)
Figure 3-21 CAS Display
Softkey Annunciation
(Press to Acknowledge
CAS Messages)
CAS Message Prioritization
NOTE: Information on CAS messages in this pilot’s guide is always superseded by the AFM.
CAS messages are grouped by criticality (warning, caution, advisory) and sorted by order of appearance (most
recent messages on top). The color of the message is based on its urgency and on required action, and the MSG
Softkey label changes to display the appropriate annunciation when a CAS message is generated.
• Warning (red) – Immediate crew awareness and immediate crew action required; accompanied by an aural
tone (triple chime every 3 seconds) and flashing ‘WARNING’ softkey annunciation
• Caution (yellow) – Immediate crew awareness and subsequent corrective action required; accompanied by
an aural tone (single chime every 5 seconds) and flashing ‘CAUTION’ softkey annunciation
• Advisory (white) – Crew awareness required and subsequent action may be required; accompanied by a
flashing ‘ADVISORY’ softkey.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
113
Engine & Airframe Systems
The softkey annunciation flashes and the corresponding aural alert sounds until acknowledged by depressing
the softkey.
Figure 3-22 Softkey Annunciations (MSG Softkey Labels)
A CAS message does not appear more than once at a given time. Warning and caution CAS messages flash
when they are generated, and continue to flash until acknowledged. Advisory CAS messages flash for 5 seconds
then are automatically acknowledged.
Some CAS messages are differentiated as root causes of other failures and should be considered first during
the decision-making process when multiple CAS messages are displayed. These “golden” messages flash until
acknowledged and remain in inverse video after being acknowledged manually.
After the acknowledgment, a message remains displayed at the top of its respective priority group in the CAS
Window until either a newer message of the same priority appears or the condition(s) that caused the alert to
display no longer exist.
CAS messages listed in Tables 3-8 through 3-10 are shown in the acknowledged state (colored text on black
backgrounds). Warning “golden” messages are shown in white text on red backgrounds, with Caution and
Advisory “golden” messages shown in black text on colored backgrounds corresponding to their alert levels.
CAS Messages
NOTE: Refer to the Airplane Flight Manual (AFM) for recommended pilot actions.
Warning Messages
Message
CAB ALTITUDE HI
DOOR EMER OPEN
DOOR PAX OPEN
E1 FIRE
E2 FIRE
E1 OIL LO PRES
E2 OIL LO PRES
ELEC EMERGENCY
ELEC XFR FAIL
LG LEVER DISAG
NO TO CONFIG
Description
Cabin altitude is equal to or higher than 10,000 feet
Emergency door open
Passenger door open
Fire in engine 1
Fire in engine 2
Low oil pressure in engine 1
Low oil pressure in engine 2
Generators offline
Generators offline and electrical emergency transfer has failed
Landing gear position and control lever disagreement
Airplane is not in a valid takeoff configuration
Table 3-8 Warning CAS Messages
114
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Engine & Airframe Systems
Caution Messages
Message
ADS 1 FAIL
ADS 2 FAIL
ADS 1 HTR FAIL
ADS 2 HTR FAIL
AHRS 1 FAIL
AHRS 2 FAIL
A-I E1 FAIL
A-I E2 FAIL
ANTI-SKID FAIL
AP FAIL
AP PITCH MISTRIM
AP ROLL MISTRIM
AUDIO PNL 1 FAIL
AUDIO PNL 2 FAIL
AURAL WRN FAIL
AUTO PTRIM FAIL
BATT DISCHARGE
BATT 1 OFF BUS
BATT 2 OFF BUS
BATT EXCEEDANCE
BLEED 1 FAIL
BLEED 2 FAIL
BLEED 1 LEAK
BLEED 2 LEAK
BRK FAIL
CAB DELTA-P FAIL
CLUTCH PIT FAIL
CLUTCH ROL FAIL
CLUTCH YAW FAIL
CONFIG MDL FAIL
D-I WINGSTB FAIL
DOORBAG AFT OPEN
DOORBAG FWD OPEN
DUCT 1 OVERTEMP
DUCT 2 OVERTEMP
E1 CTRL FAULT
E2 CTRL FAULT
E1 FAIL
E2 FAIL
E1 FIRE DET FAIL
E2 FIRE DET FAIL
E1 FIREX FAIL
E2 FIREX FAIL
E1 FUEL IMP BYP
E2 FUEL IMP BYP
E1 TLA FAIL
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Description
ADS 1 offline or failed
ADS 2 offline or failed
Pitot heater 1 offline or heater element failed
Pitot heater 2 offline or heater element failed
AHRS 1 failure
AHRS 2 failure
Anti-ice system failure in engine 1
Anti-ice system failure in engine 2
Anti-skid function lost; main brake still available
Loss of AP function
Airplane mistrimmed in pitch axis when AP is engaged
Airplane mistrimmed in roll axis when AP is engaged
Audio panel 1 has failed
Audio panel 2 has failed
Aural warning system failure due to non-communicating LRUs
Auto pitch trim failure; other pitch trim functions still available
Battery discharging under normal operation
Battery 1 offline
Battery 2 offline
Battery voltage has exceeded 29 VDC
Bleed 1 system failure has been detected. Bleed is no longer available.
Bleed 2 system failure has been detected. Bleed is no longer available.
A leakage has been detected at the bleed 1 line.
A leakage has been detected at the bleed 2 line.
Main brake system lost
Excessive cabin pressure differential
Slip clutch maintenance test failed
Slip clutch maintenance test failed
Slip clutch maintenance test failed
Master Configuration Module failed or non-communicative
Deice system in wings and tail failure
Crew baggage door open
Forward baggage door open
An overheat condition has been detected at the bleed 1 line.
An overheat condition has been detected at the bleed 2 line.
Engine 1 responds slowly or not at all to thrust commands
Engine 2 responds slowly or not at all to thrust commands
Uncommanded shutdown detected for engine 1
Uncommanded shutdown detected for engine 2
Fire detection system failure in engine 1
Fire detection system failure in engine 2
Fire extinguisher failure in engine 1
Fire extinguisher failure in engine 2
Fuel filter impending bypass condition for engine 1
Fuel filter impending bypass condition for engine 2
Thrust Lever Angle failure for engine 1
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
115
Engine & Airframe Systems
Message
E2 TLA FAIL
E1 TT0 HTR FAIL
E2 TT0 HTR FAIL
EBAY OVHT
EMER BRK LO PRES
ENG NO TO DATA
FLAP FAIL
FUEL 1 LO LEVEL
FUEL 2 LO LEVEL
FUEL 1 LO PRES
FUEL 2 LO PRES
FUEL 1 SOV FAIL
FUEL 2 SOV FAIL
FUEL IMBALANCE
FUEL OVERFILL
FUEL XFR FAIL
GEN 1 OFF BUS
GEN 2 OFF BUS
GEN OVLD
GEN START FAULT
GIA 1 FAIL
GIA 2 FAIL
GIA 1 OVHT
GIA 2 OVHT
HYD HI TEMP
HYD LO PRES
LG WOW SYS FAIL
MFD CONFIG
MFD FAULT
MFD OVHT
OXY LO PRES
PARK BRK NOT REL
PAX OXY NO PRES
PFD 1 CONFIG
PFD 2 CONFIG
PFD 1 FAULT
PFD 2 FAULT
PFD 1 OVHT
PFD 2 OVHT
PRESN AUTO FAIL
PTRIM BKP FAIL
PTRIM DISCONNECT
PTRIM NML FAIL
PUSHER FAIL
PUSHER OFF
STBY HTR FAIL
SWPS FAIL
SWPS FAULT
SWPS HTR1 FAIL
116
Description
Thrust Lever Angle failure for engine 2
Heater failure in engine 1
Heater failure in engine 2
Electrical bay over temperature
Few emergency brake functions available
No takeoff data entered
Loss of flaps deployment or retraction
Low fuel level in tank 1
Low fuel level in tank 2
Fuel pressure low in engine 1 feed line
Fuel pressure low in engine 2 feed line
Fuel feed SOV 1 closed or unavailable
Fuel feed SOV 2 closed or unavailable
Fuel is imbalanced between the tanks
Fuel tank overfilled
Fuel transfer failure
Generator 1 offline
Generator 2 offline
Generator(s) overload
Generator start fault
Failure of GIA 1
Failure of GIA 2
GIA 1 over temperature
GIA 2 over temperature
Hydraulic temperature high
Hydraulic pressure low
Landing gear weight-on-wheels system failure
MFD configuration error
Fault with the MFD
MFD over temperature
Oxygen system pressure low
Parking brake not released
Cabin altitude high and passenger oxygen system pressure low
PFD 1 configuration error
PFD 2 configuration error
Fault with PFD 1
Fault with PFD 2
PFD 1 over temperature
PFD 2 over temperature
Loss of automatic mode
Loss of backup pitch trim actuator
Pitch trim disconnected
Loss of normally-operating pitch trim actuator
Stall Warning & Protection System pusher has failed
Stall Warning Pusher is off
Failure of standby heater
Stall Warning & Protection System inoperative
Stall Warning & Protection System activation angles anticipated to
conservative settings
Stall Warning & Protection System heater 1 failure
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Engine & Airframe Systems
Message
SWPS HTR2 FAIL
SWPS UNTESTED
TCAS FAIL
WSHLD 1 HTR FAIL
WSHLD 2 HTR FAIL
YD FAIL
YD MISTRIM
Description
Stall Warning & Protection System heater 2 failure
Stall Warning & Protection System has not been tested
TCAS I or TCAS II is unavailable
Windshield 1 heater failure
Windshield 2 heater failure
Loss of yaw damper function
Airplane mistrimmed in yaw axis when YD is engaged
Table 3-9 Caution CAS Messages
Advisory Messages
Message
A-I E1 ON
A-I E2 ON
ADS 1 HTR FAULT
ADS 2 HTR FAULT
ADS-AOA HTR ON
AHRS 1 FAULT
AHRS 2 FAULT
AUDIO PNL 1 FAULT
AUDIO PNL 2 FAULT
AURAL WRN FAULT
AVNX FAN FAIL
BLEED 1 OFF
BLEED 2 OFF
CLUTCH PIT PASS
CLUTCH PIT PROG
CLUTCH ROL PASS
CLUTCH ROL PROG
CLUTCH YAW PASS
CLUTCH YAW PROG
DC BUS 1 OFF
DC BUS 2 OFF
D-I WINGSTB ON
E1 CHIP DETECTED
E2 CHIP DETECTED
E1 FADEC FAULT
E2 FADEC FAULT
ELEC SYS FAULT
EMER BUS OFF
ENG EXCEEDANCE
ENG FIREX DISCH
ENG NO DISPATCH
FLAP NOT AVAIL
FUEL EQUAL
FUEL1 FEED FAULT
FUEL2 FEED FAULT
FUEL 1 PSW FAIL
FUEL 2 PSW FAIL
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Description
Anti-ice system on in engine 1
Anti-ice system on in engine 2
Fault in ADS 1 heater
Fault in ADS 2 heater
ADS - Angle-of-attack heater on
Fault with AHRS 1
Fault with AHRS 2
Fault with audio panel 1
Fault with audio panel 2
Partial loss of aural warning function
Avionics fan failure
Bleed pressure regulator 1 and shut-off valve closed
Bleed pressure regulator 2 and shut-off valve closed
Pitch slip clutch maintenance test passed
Pitch slip clutch maintenance test in progress
Roll slip clutch maintenance test passed
Roll slip clutch maintenance test in progress
Yaw slip clutch maintenance test passed
Yaw slip clutch maintenance test in progress
DC bus 1 offline
DC bus 2 offline
Deice system in wings and tail ON
Chip detected by engine 1 oil chip detector
Chip detected by engine 2 oil chip detector
FADEC fault in engine 1
FADEC fault in engine 2
Electrical system fault
Emergency bus OFF
Limit exceeded in engine(s) during flight
Engine fire extinguisher discharge
FADEC detected no dispatch fault condition in engine(s)
Flaps not available
Fuel quantity asymmetry corrected; XFEED SOV is open
DC pump on due to low fuel pressure
DC pump on due to low fuel pressure
Fuel pressure switch stuck in “high” position
Fuel pressure switch stuck in “high” position
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
117
Engine & Airframe Systems
Message
FUEL PUMP 1 FAIL
FUEL PUMP 2 FAIL
GEA 1 FAIL
GEA 2 FAIL
GEA 3 FAIL
GPU CONNECTED
GSD FAIL
HSDB FAULT
HSDB SW REV POS
MFD FAN FAIL
OXY SW NOT AUTO
PFD 1 FAN FAIL
PFD 2 FAN FAIL
PTRIM SW 1 FAIL
PTRIM SW 2 FAIL
RALT FAIL
RAM AIR FAIL
SHED BUS OFF
SWPS ICE SPEED
Description
Fuel pump 1 failure
Fuel pump 2 failure
Failure of GEA 1
Failure of GEA 2
Failure of GEA 3
Ground power unit is connected
Failure of GSD
An LRU has stopped communicating over an HSDB
HSDB switch in reversionary position
Failure of MFD fan
Oxygen system switch in manual mode
Failure of PFD 1 fan
Failure of PFD 2 fan
Failure of pilot pitch trim switch
Failure of copilot pitch trim switch
Failure of radar altimeter
Ram air valve failure
Shed bus off
Stall Warning System activation angles anticipated due to icing conditions
Table 3-10 Advisory CAS Messages
118
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Engine & Airframe Systems
3.4 Abnormal Operations
NOTE: Refer to the Airplane Flight Manual (AFM) for corrective pilot actions.
Engine
If an engine failure occurs, besides the CAS message corresponding to the failed engine (“E1 FAIL” or “E2
FAIL”), the corresponding N1 gauge displays the annunciation “FAIL” in yellow inverse video with black text
(Figure 3-23). Detection of an engine fire causes a CAS message corresponding to the engine on fire (“E1 FIRE”
or “E2 FIRE”) in addition to the red inverse video annunciation “FIRE” to be displayed over the ITT gauge in
white text (Figure 3-24).
Figure 3-23 Engine Failure Indication
Figure 3-24 Engine Fire Indication
Cabin Pressurization
If the cabin altitude (ALT) reaches a caution level, the readout displays black text on a yellow background.
When cabin altitude is 10,000 feet or greater, the readout displays as a warning with white text on a red
background, and the corresponding CAS message “CAB ALTITUDE HI” is issued.
If low flow or a cabin leak is detected, the cabin pressure change rate readout displays white text on a red
background, and the trend arrow turns red.
Excessive cabin differential pressure (DELTA-P) causes the pressure readout to display a yellow background
and black text; warnings are indicated with red background with white readout text. The CAS message “CAB
DELTA-P FAIL” accompanies this condition.
When oxygen system pressure (OXY) drops below 1590 PSI, the readout is indicated with black text on a
white background; pressure below 730 PSI is shown with yellow text on a black background. The CAS message
“OXY LO PRES” is also displayed.
If the pilot selected landing field elevation (LFE) differs by more than five feet from the FMS LFE value, the
LFE readout flashes yellow for 30 seconds.
A red “X” is displayed over any readout on the Cabin Display that is invalid or out of range.
Figure 3-25 Cabin Display with Excessive Change Rate
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
119
Engine & Airframe Systems
Flaps
The following denote abnormal flap conditions:
•
Flaps not in position for takeoff – Flap pointer and readout turn red with white text (Figures 3-26 and
3-27).
•
Flaps have failed or become jammed – Flap pointer and readout turn yellow with black text (Figure
3-28)
•
Flaps unavailable – Flap pointer is removed and readout turns white with black text (Figure 3-29)
•
Flaps position data invalid – Flap pointer and readout displayed with a red “X”
Figure 3-26 Flaps Retracted
at Takeoff
Figure 3-27 Flaps at FULL
(Landing) Position at Takeoff
Figure 3-28 Flaps Failed
Figure 3-29 Flaps Unavailable
Trim
Aileron or rudder mistrim are denoted with yellow arrows pointing in the direction of mistrim on the Roll and
Yaw Trim indicators (Figure 3-30).
If takeoff configuration has been selected and the pitch trim position is not within the green band on the
pitch trim scale, the pointers and readout turn red with white text (Figure 3-31). If an asymmetrical pitch trim
condition exists, the pointers turn yellow and the readout is displayed with a Red “X” (Figure 3-32).
Aileron
Mistrim
Rudder
Mistrim
Figure 3-30 Mistrim
120
Figure 3-31 Pitch Trim
Outside Takeoff Configuration
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
Figure 3-32 Asymmetrical
Pitch Trim Condition
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Audio Panel and CNS
Section 4 Audio Panel and CNS
4.1Overview
The Communication/Navigation/Surveillance (CNS) system includes the Audio Panels, communication radios,
navigation radios, and Mode S transponders. The System Overview Section provides a block diagram description
of the Audio Panels and CNS system interconnection.
CNS operation in the Embraer Phenom 100 is performed by the following Line Replaceable Units (LRUs):
• Primary Flight Display (PFD) (2)
• Multi Function Display (MFD)
• Mode S Transponder (2)
or TCAS II Mode S Transponder
• Integrated Avionics Unit (2)
• MFD Control Unit
• Audio Panel (2)
The MFD/PFD controls are used to tune the communication transceivers and navigation radios.
The two Audio Panels provide the traditional audio selector functions of microphone and receiver audio
selection. Each Audio Panel includes an intercom system (ICS) between the pilot, copilot, and passengers, a
marker beacon receiver, and a COM clearance recorder. Ambient noise from the aircraft radios is reduced by a
feature called Master Avionics Squelch (MASQ). When no audio is detected, MASQ processing further reduces
the amount of background noise from the radios.
The Mode S Transponders are controlled with softkeys and the FMS Knob located on the PFD. The Transponder
Data Box is located to the left of the System Time Box. The data box displays the active four-digit code, mode,
and a reply status (Figure 4-1).
Audio Panel Volume Control
Adjusting the master volume control affects all radio audio volume and airframe type warnings that are heard
in the headsets (not the speaker) for the pilot or copilot side Audio Panel. Radio adjustments made on the
MFD/PFD controls to compensate for the master volume change on the Audio Panel, also affect the radio levels
for the other pilot. Independent radio volume adjustments made using the Audio Panel Master Volume controls
affect only the audio heard in the corresponding crew position headset.
Radio volume adjustments may be overridden by each crew position independently using the master volume
control on the Audio Panel for the respective crew position. In addition, the master volume control for each
Audio Panel affects all other system audio output to its designated crew position headset much like volume
adjustments found on many aviation headsets.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
121
Audio Panel and CNS
MFD/PFD Controls and Frequency Display
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
Figure 4-1 MFD/PFD Controls, COM/NAV Frequency Tuning Boxes, and ADF/DME Tuning
122
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Audio Panel and CNS
1
NAV VOL/ID Knob – Controls NAV audio volume level. Press to turn the Morse code identifier audio on
and off. Volume level is shown in the NAV frequency field as a percentage.
2
NAV Frequency Transfer Key – Transfers the standby and active NAV frequencies.
3
NAV Knob – Tunes the standby frequencies for the NAV receiver (large knob for MHz; small knob for kHz).
Press to move the tuning box (light blue box) and Frequency Transfer Arrow between NAV1 and NAV2.
4
NAV Frequency Box – Displays NAV standby and active frequency fields, volume, and station ID. The
frequency of the NAV radio selected for navigation is displayed in green.
5
COM Frequency Box – Displays COM standby and active frequency fields and volume. The selected COM
transceiver frequency is displayed in green.
6
COM Knob – Tunes the standby frequencies for the COM transceiver (large knob for MHz; small knob for
kHz). Press to move the tuning box (light blue box) and Frequency Transfer Arrow between COM1 and
COM2.
7
COM Frequency Transfer Key – Transfers the standby and active COM frequencies. Press and hold this key
for two seconds to tune the emergency frequency (121.500 MHz) automatically into the active frequency
field.
8
COM VOL/SQ Knob – Controls COM audio volume level. Press to turn the COM automatic squelch on
and off. Volume level is shown in the COM frequency field as a percentage.
9
ADF/DME Tuning Window – Displays ADF frequencies and modes, and DME tuning selection. Display
by selecting the ADF/DME Softkey.
10
ENT Key – Validates or confirms an ADF frequency or ADF/DME mode and Auto-tune selection.
11
FMS Knob – Flight Management System Knob, used to enter ADF frequencies and select ADF/DME modes,
enter transponder codes, and Auto-tune entries when ADF/DME Tuning Window or NRST Window is
present. Press the FMS Knob to turn the selection cursor on and off. The large knob moves the cursor in
the window. The small knob selects individual characters for the highlighted cursor location.
12
Transponder Data Box – Indicates the selected transponder code, operating mode, reply, and ident status
for the applicable transponder.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
123
Audio Panel and CNS
Audio Panel Controls
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
Figure 4-2 Audio Panel Controls
NOTE: When a key is selected, a triangular annunciator above the key is illuminated.
124
1
COM1 MIC – Selects the #1 transmitter for transmitting. COM1 receive is simultaneously selected when
this key is pressed allowing received audio from the #1 COM receiver to be heard. COM2 receive can be
added by pressing the COM2 Key.
2
COM1 – When selected, audio from the #1 COM receiver can be heard.
3
COM2 MIC – Selects the #2 transmitter for transmitting. COM2 receive is simultaneously selected when
this key is pressed allowing received audio from the #2 COM receiver to be heard. COM1 receive can be
added by pressing the COM1 Key.
4
COM2 – When selected, audio from the #2 COM receiver can be heard.
5
COM3 MIC – Selects the #3 transmitter (HF), if installed, for transmitting. COM3 receive is simultaneously
selected when this key is pressed allowing received audio from the #3 COM receiver to be heard.
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Audio Panel and CNS
6
COM3 – When selected, audio from the #3 COM receiver (HF), if installed, can be heard.
7
PA – Selects the passenger address system. The selected COM transmitter is deselected when the PA Key
is pressed.
8
TEL – When selected, activates the SATCOM transceiver.
9
MUSIC – Toggles the Music 1 input on or off. Pressing and holding toggles music muting on or off.
10
SPKR – Selects and deselects the on-side cockpit speaker. COM and NAV receiver audio can be heard on
the speaker.
11
MKR/MUTE – Selects marker beacon receiver audio. Mutes the currently received marker beacon receiver
audio. Unmutes automatically when new marker beacon audio is received.
12
HI SENS – Press to increase marker beacon receiver sensitivity. Press again to return to low sensitivity.
13
DME – Turns optional DME 1 audio on or off.
14
NAV1 – When selected, audio from the #1 NAV receiver can be heard.
15
ADF – Pressing turns on or off the audio from the ADF receiver, if installed.
16
NAV2 – When selected, audio from the #2 NAV receiver can be heard.
17
AUX – Turns optional DME 2 audio on or off..
18
MAN SQ – Enables manual squelch for the intercom. When the intercom is active, press the ICS Knob to
illuminate SQ. Turn the ICS Knob to adjust squelch.
19
PLAY – Press once to play the last recorded COM audio. Press again to stop playing. Press twice within
0.5 second while audio is playing and the previous block of recorded audio is played. Each subsequent
two presses within 0.5 second plays each previously recorded block.
20
INTR COM – Selects and deselects the pilot/copilot intercom on both Audio Panels.
21
CABIN – Initiates intercom communications with passengers in the cabin.
22
ICS Knob – Turn to adjust intercom volume or squelch. Press to switch between volume and squelch
control as indicated by illumination of VOL or SQ. The MAN SQ Key must be selected to allow squelch
adjustment.
23
MSTR Knob – The Master Volume Control adjusts volume for the blended NAV, COM, intercom audio,
and alert warnings.
24
DISPLAY BACKUP Button – Manually selects Reversionary Mode.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
125
Audio Panel and CNS
4.2 COM Operation
COM Transceiver Selection and Activation
NOTE: During PA Mode, the COM MIC Annunciator is extinguished and the COM active frequency color
changes to white, indicating that neither COM transmitter is active.
NOTE: When turning on the system for use, the system remembers the last frequencies used and the active
COM transceiver state prior to shutdown.
The COM Frequency Box is composed of four fields; the two active frequencies are on the left side and the
two standby frequencies are on the right. The COM transceiver is selected for transmitting by pressing the
COM MIC Keys on the Audio Panel.
An active COM frequency displayed in green indicates that the COM transceiver is selected on the Audio
Panel (COM1 MIC or COM2 MIC Key). When the PA Key is selected on the Audio Panel, both active COM
frequencies appear in white indicating that no COM radio is selected for transmitting. Frequencies in the
standby fields are displayed in white.
Active
Fields
Standby
Fields
Top Section of
the Audio Panel
Tuning Box
COM2 Radio is
Selected on the Audio
Panel
Figure 4-3 Selecting a COM Radio for Transmit
COM3 is reserved for the optional HF radio. The active HF frequency is not shown on the system.
The active COM frequency displayed in green on the MFD is the same as on PFD1.
126
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Audio Panel and CNS
Transmit/Receive Indications
During COM transmission, a white TX appears by the active COM frequency replacing the Frequency
Transfer Arrow. On the Audio Panel, when the active COM is transmitting, the active transceiver COM MIC
Key Annunciator flashes approximately once per second.
During COM signal reception, a white RX appears by the active COM frequency replacing the Frequency
Transfer Arrow.
Transmit and
Receive Indicators
Annunciator
Flashes During
Transmission
Figure 4-4 COM Radio Transmit and Receive Indications
When the same COM radio is selected on both Audio Panels, the pilot has transmit priority on COM1, the
copilot has transmit priority on COM2.
COM Transceiver Manual Tuning
The COM frequency controls and frequency boxes are on the right side of each PFD and the MFD. The MFD
frequency controls and displays are linked to the pilot side PFD (PFD1) only.
Manually tuning a COM frequency:
1) Turn the COM Knob to tune the desired frequency in the COM Tuning Box (large knob for MHz; small knob for
kHz).
2) Press the Frequency Transfer Key to transfer the frequency to the active field.
3) Adjust the volume level with the COM VOL/SQ Knob.
4) Press the COM VOL/SQ Knob to turn automatic squelch on and off.
Turn the VOL/SQ Knob to adjust
volume. Press the Knob to Turn
Automatic Squelch On or Off
Press the Frequency Transfer
Key to Transfer COM
Frequencies Between Active
and Standby Frequency Boxes
Turn the COM Knob to
Tune the Frequency in
the Tuning Box
Figure 4-5 COM Frequency Tuning
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
127
Audio Panel and CNS
Selecting the Radio to be Tuned
Press the small COM Knob to transfer the frequency tuning box and Frequency Transfer Arrow between the
upper and lower radio frequency fields.
Press the COM Knob to
Switch the Tuning Box From
One COM Radio to the Other
Figure 4-6 Switching COM Tuning Boxes
Quick-tuning and Activating 121.500 MHz
Pressing and holding the COM Frequency Transfer Key for two seconds automatically loads the emergency
COM frequency (121.500 MHz) in the active field of the COM radio selected for tuning (the one with the
transfer arrow). In the example shown, pressing the Audio Panel COM2 MIC Key activates the transceiver.
Press for Two Seconds to
Load 121.500 MHz
Figure 4-7 Quickly Tuning 121.500 MHz
128
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Audio Panel and CNS
Auto-tuning the COM Frequency
COM frequencies can be automatically tuned from the following:
• Nearest Airports Window (PFD)
• NRST – Nearest Frequencies Page (ARTCC, FSS, WX)
• WPT – Airport Information Page
• NRST – Nearest Airspaces Page
• NRST – Nearest Airports Page
Auto-tuning from the PFD
COM frequencies for the nearest airports can be automatically tuned from the Nearest Airports Window on
the PFD. When the desired frequency is entered, it becomes a standby frequency. Pressing the Frequency
Transfer Key places this frequency into the COM Active Frequency Field.
Auto-tuning a COM frequency for a nearby airport from the PFD:
1) Select the NRST Softkey on the PFD to open the Nearest Airports Window. A list of 25 nearest airport identifiers
and COM frequencies is displayed.
2) Turn the FMS Knob to scroll through the list and highlight the desired COM frequency.
3) Press the ENT Key to load the COM frequency into the COM Standby Tuning Box.
4) Press the Frequency Transfer Key to transfer the frequency to the COM Active Frequency Field.
Figure 4-8 Nearest Airports Window (PFD)
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
Select the NRST
Softkey to Open
the Nearest
Airports Window
129
Audio Panel and CNS
Auto-tuning from the MFD
Frequencies can be automatically loaded into the COM Frequency Box from pages in the NRST or WPT
page group by highlighting the frequency and pressing the ENT Key (Figures 4-9, 4-10, and 4-11).
Auto-tuning a COM frequency from the WPT and NRST Pages:
1) From any page that the COM frequency can be auto-tuned, activate the cursor by pressing the FMS Knob or
selecting the appropriate softkey.
2) Turn the FMS Knob to place the cursor on the desired COM frequency (Figure 4-11).
3) Press the ENT Key to load the COM frequency into the standby field of the selected COM radio.
4) Press the Frequency Transfer Key to transfer the frequency to the COM Active Frequency Field.
Press the ENT Key to
Load a Highlighted
Frequency into
the COM Standby
Frequency Box
Turn the FMS
Knob to Scroll
Through a List
of Frequencies
Figure 4-9 Frequency Auto-Tuning from the MFD
Or:
1) On the Nearest Airports, Frequencies, or Airspaces page, press the MENU Key to display the page menu (Figure
4-10).
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to scroll through the menu options.
3) Press the ENT Key to place the cursor on the desired selection.
4) Scroll through the frequency selections with the FMS Knob.
5) Press the ENT Key to load the COM frequency into the standby field of the selected COM radio.
6) Press the Frequency Transfer Key to transfer the frequency to the COM Active Frequency Field.
Nearest Airports Menu
Nearest Frequencies Menu
Nearest Airspaces Menu
Figure 4-10 Nearest Pages Menus
130
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Audio Panel and CNS
On the WPT - Airport Information Page, the cursor can be placed on the frequency field by pressing the
FMS Knob and scrolling through the list. The frequency is transferred to the COM Standby Field with the
ENT Key.
Press Frequency
Transfer Key to Load
Frequency into COM
Active Tuning Box
Selected Airport
Identifier and
Information
Runway
Information
Press ENT Key to load
frequency into COM
Standby Field. Cursor
then advances to the
next frequency.
Figure 4-11 WPT – Airport Information Page
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
Press INFO Softkey for
AIRPORT, RUNWAYS,
and FREQUENCIES
Windows
131
Audio Panel and CNS
COM frequencies can also be auto-tuned from the NRST – Nearest Airspaces, NRST – Nearest Frequencies,
and NRST – Nearest Airports Pages on the MFD in a similar manner using the appropriate softkeys or MENU
Key, the FMS Knob, and the ENT Key.
Figure 4-12 NRST – Nearest Airspaces, NRST – Nearest Airports, and NRST – Nearest Frequencies Pages
132
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Audio Panel and CNS
Frequency Spacing
The COM radios can tune either 25-kHz spacing (118.000 to 136.975 MHz) or 8.33-kHz spacing (118.000
to 136.990 MHz) for 760-channel or 3040-channel configuration. When 8.33-kHz channel spacing is selected,
all of the 25-kHz channel spacing frequencies are also available in the complete 3040-channel list. Variable rate
tuning is provided with 8.33-kHz spacing to achieve faster selection of the decimal digits.
COM channel spacing is set on the System Setup Page of the AUX Page Group.
8.33-kHz Channel
Spacing
25-kHz Channel
Spacing
Figure 4-13 COM Channel Spacing
Changing COM frequency channel spacing:
1) Select the AUX – System Setup Page.
2) Press the FMS Knob to activate the flashing cursor.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the Channel Spacing Field in the COM Configuration Box.
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the desired channel spacing.
5) Press the ENT Key to complete the channel spacing selection.
While the COM CONFIG Box is selected, the softkeys are blank.
Select 8.33-kHz
or 25.0-kHz
COM Frequency
Channel Spacing
Figure 4-14 AUX – System Setup Page
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
133
Audio Panel and CNS
Automatic Squelch
Automatic Squelch quiets unwanted static noise when no audio signal is received, while still providing good
sensitivity to weak COM signals. To disable Automatic Squelch, press the VOL/SQ Knob. When Automatic
Squelch is disabled, COM audio reception is always on. Continuous static noise is heard over the headsets and
speaker, if selected. Pressing the VOL/SQ Knob again enables Automatic Squelch.
When Automatic Squelch is disabled, a white SQ appears next to the COM frequency.
Squelch
Indication
Press the COM VOL/
SQ Knob to turn off
Automatic Squelch.
Press again to restore
Automatic Squelch.
Figure 4-15 Overriding Automatic Squelch
Volume
COM radio volume level can be adjusted from 0 to 100% using the VOL/SQ Knob. Turning the knob
clockwise increases volume, turning the knob counterclockwise decreases volume. When adjusting volume,
the level is displayed in place of the standby frequencies. Volume level indication remains for two seconds after
the change.
COM Volume
Level Remains for
Two Seconds
Figure 4-16 COM Volume Level
134
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Audio Panel and CNS
4.3NAV Operation
NAV Radio Selection and Activation
The NAV Frequency Box is composed of four fields; two standby fields and two active fields. The active
frequencies are on the right side and the standby frequencies are on the left.
A NAV radio is selected for navigation by selecting the CDI Softkey located on the PFD. The active NAV
frequency selected for navigation is displayed in green. Selecting the CDI Softkey once selects NAV1 as the
navigation radio. Selecting the CDI Softkey a second time selects NAV2 as the navigation radio. Selecting the
CDI Softkey a third time activates GPS mode. Selecting the CDI Softkey again cycles back to NAV1.
While cycling through the CDI Softkey selections, the NAV Tuning Box and the Frequency Transfer Arrow are
placed in the active NAV Frequency Field and the active NAV frequency color changes to green.
The three navigation modes that can be cycled through are:
• VOR1 (or LOC1) – If NAV1 is selected, a green single line arrow (not shown) labeled either VOR1 or LOC1
is displayed on the HSI and the active NAV1 frequency is displayed in green.
• VOR2 (or LOC2) – If NAV2 is selected, a green double line arrow (shown) labeled either VOR2 or LOC2 is
displayed on the HSI and the active NAV2 frequency is displayed in green.
• GPS – If GPS Mode is selected, a magenta single line arrow (not shown) appears on the HSI and neither NAV
radio is selected. Both active NAV frequencies are then displayed in white.
Standby
Fields
Active
Fields
Tuning Box
The NAV Radio is
Selected by Selecting
the CDI Softkey
Figure 4-17 Selecting a NAV Radio for Navigation
The active NAV frequency displayed in green on the MFD is the same as on PFD1.
See the Flight Instruments Section for selecting the DME and Bearing Information windows and using VOR
as the source for the bearing pointer.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
135
Audio Panel and CNS
NAV radios are selected for listening by pressing the corresponding keys on the Audio Panel. Pressing the
NAV1, NAV2, ADF, DME, or AUX Key selects and deselects the navigation radio source. The DME Key selects and
deselects optional DME 1 audio. The AUX Key selects and deselects optional DME 2 audio. Selected audio can be
heard over the headset and the speakers (if selected). All radios can be selected individually or simultaneously.
Figure 4-18 Selecting a NAV Radio Receiver
NAV Receiver Manual Tuning
The NAV frequency controls and frequency boxes are on the left side of the PFD and MFD. The MFD
frequency controls and displays are linked to the pilot side PFD (PFD1) only.
Manually tuning a NAV frequency:
1) Turn the NAV Knob to tune the desired frequency in the NAV Tuning Box.
2) Press the Frequency Transfer Key to transfer the frequency to the NAV Active Frequency Field.
3) Adjust the volume level with the NAV VOL/ID Knob.
4) Press the NAV VOL/ID Knob to turn the Morse code identifier audio on and off.
Turn VOL/ID Knob to adjust
volume. Press Knob to Turn
Morse Code On or Off.
Press the Frequency Transfer Key to
Transfer NAV Frequencies Between
Active and Standby Frequency Fields
Turn the NAV Knob to
Tune the Frequency in
the Tuning Box
Figure 4-19 NAV Frequency Tuning
136
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Audio Panel and CNS
Selecting the Radio to be Tuned
Press the small NAV Knob to transfer the frequency tuning box and Frequency Transfer Arrow between the
upper and lower radio frequency fields.
Press the NAV Knob to
Switch the Tuning Box From
One NAV Radio to the Other
Figure 4-20 Switching NAV Tuning Boxes
VOR/LOC ID
When the Morse code Identifier audio is on for a NAV radio, a white ID appears to the left of the active
NAV frequency.
In the example shown, in order to listen to either station identifier, press the NAV1 or NAV2 Key on the
Audio Panel. Pressing the VOL/ID Knob turns off the Morse code audio only in the radio with the NAV
Tuning Box. To turn off both NAV IDs, transfer the NAV Tuning Box between NAV1 and NAV2 by pressing
the small NAV Knob and pressing the VOL/ID Knob again to turn the Morse code off in the other radio.
The Morse Code
Identifiers for the GHM
and BNA VORs are On
Station
Identifier
Figure 4-21 NAV Radio ID Indication
Volume
NAV Radio volume level can be adjusted from 0 to 100% using the VOL/ID Knob. Turning the knob
clockwise increases volume, counterclockwise decreases volume.
When adjusting, the level is displayed in place of the standby frequencies. Volume level indication remains
for two seconds after the change.
NAV Volume
Level Remains
for Two Seconds
Figure 4-22 NAV Volume Levels
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
137
Audio Panel and CNS
Auto-tuning a NAV Frequency from the MFD
NAV frequencies can be selected and loaded from the following MFD pages:
• WPT – Airport Information
• NRST – Nearest VOR
• WPT – VOR Information
• NRST – Nearest Frequencies (FSS, WX)
• NRST – Nearest Airports
• NRST – Nearest Airspaces
The MFD provides auto-tuning of NAV frequencies from waypoint and nearest pages. During enroute
navigation, the NAV frequency is entered automatically into the NAV standby frequency field. During approach
activation the NAV frequency is entered automatically into the NAV active frequency field.
Frequencies can be automatically loaded into the NAV Frequency Box from pages in the NRST or WPT page
group by highlighting the frequency and pressing the ENT Key (Figures 4-23, 4-24, and 4-25).
Auto-tuning a NAV frequency from the WPT and NRST Pages:
1) From any page that the NAV frequency can be auto-tuned, activate the cursor by pressing the FMS Knob or
selecting the appropriate softkey.
2) Turn the FMS Knob to place the cursor on the desired NAV identifier or NAV frequency.
3) On the Nearest VOR, Nearest Airspaces, and Nearest Airports pages, select the FREQ Softkey to place the cursor
on the NAV frequency (Figure 4-25).
4) Press the ENT Key to load the NAV frequency into the standby field of the selected NAV radio.
5) Press the Frequency Transfer Key to transfer the frequency to the NAV Active Frequency Field.
Turn the FMS
Knob to Scroll
Through a List
of Frequencies
Press the ENT
Key to Load
a Highlighted
Frequency into
the NAV Standby
Frequency Box
Figure 4-23 NAV Frequency Auto-Tuning from the MFD
138
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Audio Panel and CNS
Or:
1) When on the NRST pages, press the MENU Key to display the page menu.
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to scroll through the menu options.
3) Press the ENT Key to place the cursor in the desired window.
4) Scroll through the frequency selections with the FMS Knob.
5) Press the ENT Key to load the NAV frequency into the standby field of the selected NAV radio.
6) Press the Frequency Transfer Key to transfer the frequency to the NAV Active Frequency Field.
Nearest Airports Menu
Nearest VOR Menu
Nearest Frequencies Menu
Nearest Airspaces Menu
Figure 4-24 Nearest Pages Menus
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
139
Audio Panel and CNS
In the example shown, the VOR list is selected with the VOR Softkey or from the page menu. The FMS Knob
or ENT Key is used to scroll through the list. The cursor is placed on the frequency with the FREQ Softkey and
loaded into the NAV Tuning Box with the ENT Key.
Press the ENT
Key to Load
the Frequency
into the NAV
Standby Field.
Select the VOR Softkey
to Place the Cursor on
the VOR Identifier
Select the FREQ Softkey
to Place the Cursor on
the VOR Frequency
Figure 4-25 Loading the NAV Frequency from the NRST – Nearest VOR Page
140
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Audio Panel and CNS
While enroute, NAV frequencies can also be auto-tuned from the NRST – Nearest Airports,
WPT – Airport Information, WPT – VOR Information, and NRST – Nearest Frequencies Pages on the MFD in
a similar manner using the appropriate softkeys or MENU Key, the FMS Knob, and the ENT Key.
Figure 4-26 NRST – Nearest Frequencies, WPT – VOR Information, WPT – Airport Information, and
NRST – Nearest Airports Pages
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
141
Audio Panel and CNS
Auto-tuning NAV Frequencies on Approach Activation
NOTE: The primary NAV frequency is auto-tuned upon loading a VOR or ILS/Localizer approach.
NOTE: When an ILS/LOC approach has been activated in GPS Mode, the system switches to NAV Mode as
the final approach course is intercepted (within 15 nm of the FAF). See the Flight Management Section for
details.
NAV frequencies are automatically loaded into the NAV Frequency Box on approach activation.
When loading or activating a VOR or ILS/LOC approach, the approach frequency is automatically transferred
to a NAV frequency field as follows:
• If the current CDI navigation source is GPS, the approach frequency is transferred to the NAV1 or NAV2
active frequency fields. The frequency that was previously in the NAV1 or NAV2 active frequency fields are
transferred to standby.
• If the current CDI navigation source is GPS, and if the approach frequency is already loaded into the NAV1
or NAV2 standby frequency field, the standby frequency is transferred to active.
• If the current CDI navigation source is NAV1 or NAV2, the approach frequency is transferred to the standby
frequency fields of the selected CDI NAV radio.
142
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Audio Panel and CNS
Marker Beacon Receiver
NOTE: The marker beacon indicators operate independently of marker beacon audio and cannot be turned
off.
The marker beacon receiver is used as part of the ILS. The marker beacon receiver is always on and detects
any marker beacon signals within the reception range of the aircraft.
The receiver detects the three marker tones – outer, middle, and inner – and provides the marker beacon
annunciations located to the left of the Altimeter on the PFD.
Outer Marker
Indication
Middle Marker
Indication
Inner Marker
Indication
Figure 4-27 Marker Beacon Annunciations on the PFD
Figure 4-28 Marker Beacon Keys
The Audio Panels provide three different states of marker beacon operation; On, Muted, and Deselected.
Pressing the MKR/MUTE Key selects and deselects marker beacon audio. The key annunciator indicates when
marker beacon audio is selected.
During marker beacon audio reception, pressing the MKR/MUTE Key mutes the audio but does not affect the
marker annunciations (Figure 4-27). The marker tone is silenced, then waits for the next marker tone. The
MKR/MUTE Key Annunciator is illuminated, indicating audio muting. The audio returns when the next marker
beacon signal is received. If the MKR/MUTE Key is pressed during signal reception (O, M, I indication) while
marker beacon audio is muted, the audio is deselected and the MKR/MUTE Key Annunciator is extinguished.
Pressing the HI SENS Key switches between high and low marker beacon receiver sensitivity. The HI SENS
function (annunciator illuminated) is used to provide an earlier indication when nearing a marker during an
approach. The LO SENS function (annunciator extinguished) results in a narrower marker dwell while over a
station.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
143
Audio Panel and CNS
ADF/DME Tuning
NOTE: When another auxiliary window is turned on, the ADF/DME Tuning Window is replaced on the PFD.
See the Flight Instruments Section for displaying the DME and bearing information windows (ADF) and
using the ADF as the source for the bearing pointer.
The system tunes the optional ADF receiver and DME transceiver. The ADF is tuned by entering the frequency
in the ADF standby frequency field of the ADF/DME Tuning Window. (The softkey may be labeled ADF/DME
or DME, depending on installed equipment.)
The UHF DME frequency is tuned by pairing with a VHF NAV frequency. DME frequency pairing is automatic
and only the VHF NAV frequency is shown.
The following ADF/DME information is displayed in the ADF/DME Tuning Window:
• Active and standby ADF frequencies
• ADF receiver mode
• DME tuning mode (DME transceiver pairing)
When the ADF/DME Tuning Window is displayed, the selection cursor is placed over the standby ADF
frequency field.
Turning the large FMS Knob moves the selection cursor through the various fields (standby ADF frequency,
ADF receiver mode, and DME tuning mode). Pressing the FMS Knob activates/deactivates the selection cursor
in the ADF/DME Tuning Window. The ADF frequency is entered using the FMS Knob and the ENT Key.
Active ADF Frequency
Standby ADF Frequency
ADF
Mode
DME
Tuning
Mode
Figure 4-29 ADF/DME Tuning Window
144
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Audio Panel and CNS
ADF Tuning
ADF frequencies in the 190.0-kHz to 1799.5-kHz range are entered in the standby ADF frequency field of
the ADF/DME Tuning Window. The system does not tune the ADF emergency frequency, 2182.0‑kHz.
Tuning an ADF frequency:
1) Select the ADF/DME Softkey to display the ADF/DME Tuning Window.
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to place the selection cursor over the standby ADF frequency field.
3) Turn the small FMS Knob to begin data entry and change each digit.
4) Turn the large FMS Knob to move the cursor to the next digit position.
5) Press the ENT Key to complete data entry for the standby frequency.
Press the
ENT Key to
Complete ADF
Frequency Entry
Turn the Small
FMS Knob to
Enter Data in
the Standby ADF
Frequency Field
Turn the Large
FMS Knob
to Move the
Cursor to the
Next Character
Figure 4-30 Entering ADF Standby Frequencies
Pressing the CLR Key before completing frequency entry cancels the frequency change and reverts back to
the previously entered frequency.
Pressing the CLR Key when the cursor is flashing, clears the frequency and replaces the standby field with
‘0000.0’.
Transferring the active and standby ADF frequencies:
1) Turn the large FMS Knob to place the selection cursor over the standby ADF frequency field.
2) Press the ENT Key to complete the frequency transfer.
Press the ENT
Key to Transfer
the ADF
Frequencies
Figure 4-31 Transferring ADF Frequencies
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
145
Audio Panel and CNS
Selecting ADF Receiver Mode
The following modes can be selected: (In all modes NDB audio can be heard by selecting the ADF Key on
the Audio Panel.)
• ANT (Antenna) – The ADF bearing pointer parks on the HSI at 90 degrees. Best mode for listening to NDB
audio.
• ADF (Automatic Direction Finder) – The ADF pointer points to the relative bearing of the NDB station.
• ADF/BFO (ADF/Beat Frequency Oscillator) – The ADF pointer points to the relative bearing of the NDB
station and an audible tone confirms signal reception. This mode allows identification of the interrupted
carrier beacon stations used in various parts of the world.
• ANT/BFO (Antenna/Beat Frequency Oscillator) – The ADF bearing pointer parks on the HSI at 90 degrees
while an audible tone is provided when a signal is received. This mode also allows identification of the
interrupted carrier beacon stations and confirms signal reception.
Selecting an ADF receiver mode:
1) Turn the large FMS Knob to place the selection cursor over the ADF mode field.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the desired ADF receiver mode.
Turn the Small
FMS Knob
to Select the
Mode
Figure 4-32 Selecting ADF Receiver Mode
146
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Audio Panel and CNS
DME Tuning
NOTE: When turning on the system for use, the system remembers the last frequency used for DME tuning
and the NAV1, NAV2, or HOLD state prior to shutdown.
The DME transceiver is tuned by selecting NAV1, NAV2, or HOLD in the ADF/DME Tuning Window.
DME
Modes
Figure 4-33 DME Tuning Window
The following DME transceiver pairings can be selected:
• NAV1 – Pairs the DME frequency from the selected NAV1 frequency.
• NAV2 – Pairs the DME frequency from the selected NAV2 frequency.
• HOLD – When in the HOLD position, the DME frequency remains paired with the last selected NAV
frequency.
Selecting DME transceiver pairing:
1) Select the ADF/DME Softkey to display the ADF/DME Tuning Window.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the DME tuning mode.
3) Press the ENT Key to complete the selection.
Pressing the CLR Key or FMS Knob while in the process of DME pairing cancels the data entry and reverts
back to the previously selected DME tuning state. Pressing the FMS Knob activates/deactivates the cursor in
the ADF/DME Tuning Window.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
147
Audio Panel and CNS
4.4 Mode S Transponder
The Mode S Transponders provide Mode A, Mode C, and Mode S interrogation and reply capabilities. Diversity
incorporates antennas mounted on the top and bottom of the aircraft for dependable operation while maneuvering.
Selective addressing or Mode Select (Mode S) capability includes the following features:
• Level-2 reply data link capability (used to exchange information between aircraft and ATC facilities)
• Surveillance identifier capability
• Flight ID (Flight Identification) reporting – The Mode S Transponder reports aircraft identification as either the
aircraft registration or a unique Flight ID.
• Altitude reporting
• Airborne status determination
• Transponder capability reporting
• Mode S Enhanced Surveillance (EHS) requirements
• Acquisition squitter – Acquisition squitter, or short squitter, is the transponder 24-bit identification address. The transmission is sent periodically, regardless of the presence of interrogations. The purpose of acquisition
squitter is to enable Mode S ground stations and aircraft equipped with a traffic avoidance system to recognize
the presence of Mode S-equipped aircraft for selective interrogation.
The Hazard Avoidance Section provides more details on traffic avoidance systems.
148
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Audio Panel and CNS
GTX 33/33D Transponder Controls
Transponder function is displayed on three levels of softkeys on the PFD: Top-level, Mode Selection, and
Code Selection. When the top-level XPDR Softkey is selected, the Mode Selection softkeys appear: XPDR1,
XPDR2, STBY, ON, ALT, GND, VFR, CODE, IDENT, BACK.
When the CODE Softkey is selected, the number softkeys appear: 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, IDENT, BKSP,
BACK. The digits 8 and 9 are not used for code entry. Selecting the numbered softkeys in sequence enters
the transponder code. If an error is made, selecting the BKSP Softkey moves the code selection cursor to the
previous digit. Selecting the BKSP Softkey again moves the cursor to the next previous digit.
Selecting the BACK Softkey during code selection reverts to the Mode Selection Softkeys. Selecting the BACK
Softkey during mode selection reverts to the top-level softkeys.
The code can also be entered with the FMS Knob on either PFD. Code entry must be completed with either
the softkeys or the FMS Knob, but not a combination of both.
Selecting the IDENT Softkey while in Mode or Code Selection initiates the ident function and reverts to the
top-level softkeys.
After 45 seconds of transponder control inactivity, the system reverts back to the top-level softkeys.
XPDR1
XPDR2
STBY
ON
ALT
GND
VFR
XPDR
IDENT
CODE
IDENT
BACK
MSG
Selecting the BACK Softkey
returns to the top-level softkeys.
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
IDENT
BKSP
BACK
MSG
Selecting the BACK Softkey returns to the mode selection softkeys.
Figure 4-34 Transponder Softkeys (PFD)
Selecting and activating Transponder 1 or Transponder 2:
1) Select the XPDR Softkey to display the Transponder Mode Selection Softkeys.
2) Select the XPDR1 or XPDR2 Softkey to select and activate the other transponder.
When turning on the system for use, the system defaults to the transponder active prior to shutdown. When
switching between Transponder 1 and Transponder 2, the code and mode remain the same. If a new code is
entered in the active transponder, switching transponders does not bring back the previous code.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
149
Audio Panel and CNS
GTX 33/33D Transponder Mode Selection
Mode selection can be automatic (Ground and Altitude Modes) or manual (Standby, On, and Altitude Modes).
The STBY, ON, ALT, and GND Softkeys can be accessed by selecting the XPDR Softkey.
Selecting a transponder mode:
1) Select the XPDR Softkey to display the Transponder Mode Selection Softkeys.
2) Select the desired softkey to activate the transponder mode.
Standby Mode (Manual)
NOTE: In Standby Mode, the IDENT function is inhibited.
Standby Mode can be selected at any time by selecting the STBY Softkey. In Standby, the transponder does
not reply to interrogations, but new codes can be entered. When Standby is selected, a white STBY indication
and transponder code appear in the mode field of the Transponder Data Box. In all other modes, these fields
appear in green.
STBY Mode (White
Code Number and
Mode)
Figure 4-35 Standby Mode
ON Mode (Manual)
ON Mode can be selected at any time by selecting the ON Softkey. ON Mode generates Mode A replies,
but Mode C altitude reporting is inhibited. Acquisition squitter and replies to discretely addressed Mode S
interrogations are also permitted. In ON Mode, a green ON indication and transponder code appear in the
mode field of the Transponder Data Box.
ON Mode
(No Altitude
Reporting)
Figure 4-36 ON Mode
150
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Audio Panel and CNS
Altitude Mode (Automatic or Manual)
Altitude Mode is automatically selected when the aircraft becomes airborne. Altitude Mode may also be
selected manually by selecting the ALT Softkey. ALT Mode generates Mode A and Mode C replies. Acquisition
squitter and replies to discretely addressed Mode S interrogations are also permitted.
If Altitude Mode is selected, a green ALT indication and transponder code appear in the mode field of the
Transponder Data Box, and all transponder replies requesting altitude information are provided with pressure
altitude information.
ALT Mode
(Mode C Altitude
Reporting)
Figure 4-37 Altitude Mode
Ground Mode
Ground Mode is normally selected automatically when the aircraft is on the ground. The transponder
powers up in the last mode it was in when shut down. Ground Mode can be overridden by selecting any one
of the Mode Selection Softkeys. A green GND indication and transponder code appear in the mode field of
the Transponder Data Box. In Ground Mode, the transponder does not allow Mode A and Mode C replies,
but it does permit acquisition squitter and replies to discretely addressed Mode S interrogations.
When Standby Mode has been selected on the ground, the transponder can be returned to Ground Mode
by selecting the GND Softkey.
GND
Mode
Figure 4-38 Ground Mode
Reply Status
When the transponder sends replies to interrogations, a white R indication appears momentarily in the
reply status field of the Transponder Data Box.
Reply to
Interrogation
Figure 4-39 Reply Indication
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
151
Audio Panel and CNS
TCAS II Transponder Controls (optional)
Transponder function is displayed on three levels of softkeys on the PFD: Top-level, Transponder/Traffic
Selection, and Mode Selection or Code Entry. When the top-level XPDR/TFC Softkey is selected, the Function
Select softkeys appear: XPDR1, XPDR2 (if TCAS XPDR2 option is loaded), MODE, TCAS, CODE, IDENT,
BACK.
When the MODE Softkey is selected, the Mode Selection softkeys appear: STBY, ON, ALT, TA ONLY, TA/
RA, BACK.
When the CODE Softkey is selected, the number softkeys appear: 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, IDENT, BKSP,
BACK. The digits 8 and 9 are not used for code entry. Selecting the numbered softkeys in sequence enters
the transponder code. If an error is made, selecting the BKSP Softkey moves the code selection cursor to the
previous digit. Selecting the BKSP Softkey again moves the cursor to the next previous digit.
Selecting the BACK Softkey returns to the previous level softkeys.
The code can also be entered with the FMS Knob on either PFD. Code entry must be completed with either
the softkeys or the FMS Knob, but not a combination of both.
Selecting the IDENT Softkey while in Code Selection initiates the ident function and reverts to the top-level
softkeys.
After 45 seconds of transponder control inactivity, the system reverts back to the top-level softkeys.
XPDR1
XPDR2
MODE
TCAS
XPDR/TFC
IDENT
CODE
IDENT
BACK
MSG
Selecting the BACK Softkey
returns to the top-level softkeys.
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
IDENT
7
BKSP
BACK
MSG
Selecting the BACK Softkey
returns to the previous level softkeys.
STBY
ON
ALT
TA ONLY
TA/RA
BACK
MSG
Selecting the BACK Softkey
returns to the previous level softkeys.
Figure 4-40 Transponder Softkeys (with TCAS II option)
152
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Audio Panel and CNS
TCAS II Transponder Mode Selection (optional)
Mode selection can be automatic (Altitude Mode) or manual (Standby, On, and Altitude Modes). The STBY,
ON, ALT, TA ONLY, and TA/RA Softkeys can be accessed by selecting the XPDR/TFC Softkey, then the MODE
Softkey.
Selecting a transponder mode:
1) Select the XPDR/TFC Softkey.
2) Select the MODE Softkey to display the Transponder Mode Selection Softkeys.
3) Select the desired softkey to activate the transponder mode (STBY, ON, or ALT).
Selecting a TCAS II mode:
1) Select the XPDR/TFC Softkey.
2) Select the MODE Softkey to display the TCAS II Mode Selection Softkeys.
2) Select the desired softkey to activate the TCAS II mode (TA ONLY or TA/RA).
Standby Mode (Manual)
NOTE: In Standby Mode, the IDENT function is inhibited. TCAS II is switched to Standby Mode, because the
transponder is not capable of supporting TCAS II operation in Standby Mode.
Standby Mode can be selected at any time by selecting the STBY Softkey. In Standby, the transponder does
not reply to interrogations, but new codes can be entered. When Standby is selected, a white STBY indication
and transponder code appear in the mode field of the Transponder Data Box. In all other modes, these fields
appear in green.
STBY Mode (White
Code Number and
Mode)
Figure 4-41 Standby Mode
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
153
Audio Panel and CNS
ON Mode (Manual)
NOTE: TCAS II is switched to Standby Mode, because the transponder is not capable of supporting TCAS II
operation in On Mode.
ON Mode can be selected at any time by selecting the ON Softkey. ON Mode generates Mode A replies,
but Mode C altitude reporting is inhibited. Acquisition squitter and replies to discretely addressed Mode S
interrogations are also permitted. In ON Mode, a green ON indication and transponder code appear in the
mode field of the Transponder Data Box.
ON Mode
(No Altitude
Reporting)
Figure 4-42 ON Mode
Altitude Mode (Automatic or Manual)
NOTE: TCAS II is switched to Standby Mode when the altitude mode is manually selected using the ALT
Softkey.
Altitude Mode is automatically selected when the aircraft becomes airborne. Altitude Mode may also be
selected manually by selecting the ALT Softkey. ALT Mode generates Mode A and Mode C replies. Acquisition
squitter and replies to discretely addressed Mode S interrogations are also permitted.
If Altitude Mode is selected, a green ALT indication and transponder code appear in the mode field of the
Transponder Data Box, and all transponder replies requesting altitude information are provided with pressure
altitude information.
ALT Mode
(Mode C Altitude
Reporting)
Figure 4-43 Altitude Mode
154
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Audio Panel and CNS
Entering a Transponder Code
Entering a transponder code with softkeys:
1) Select the XPDR Softkey (or XPDR/TFC Softkey with optional TCAS II) to display the CODE Softkey.
2) Select the CODE Softkey to display the Transponder Code Selection Softkeys, for digit entry.
3) Select the digit softkeys to enter the code in the code field. When entering the code, the next softkey in sequence
must be selected within 10 seconds, or the entry is cancelled and restored to the previous code. Selecting the
BKSP Softkey moves the code selection cursor to the previous digit. Five seconds after the fourth digit has been
entered, the transponder code becomes active.
Entering
a Code
Figure 4-44 Entering a Code
Entering a transponder code with the PFD FMS Knob:
1) Select the XPDR Softkey (or XPDR/TFC Softkey with optional TCAS II) to display the CODE Softkey.
2) Select the CODE Softkey.
3) Turn the small FMS Knob on the PFD to enter the first two code digits.
4) Turn the large FMS Knob to move the cursor to the next code field.
5) Enter the last two code digits with the small FMS Knob.
6) Press the ENT Key to complete code digit entry.
Pressing the CLR Key or small FMS Knob before code entry is complete cancels code entry and restores the
previous code. Waiting for 10 seconds after code entry is finished activates the code automatically.
Turn the Small
FMS Knob to
Enter Two Code
Digits at a Time
Press the
ENT Key to
Complete
Code Entry
Turn the Large
FMS Knob
to Move the
Cursor to the
Next Code Field
Figure 4-45 Entering a Code with the FMS Knob
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
155
Audio Panel and CNS
VFR Code
The VFR code can be entered either manually or by selecting the XPDR Softkey, then the VFR Softkey.
When the VFR Softkey is selected, the pre-programmed VFR code is automatically displayed in the code field
of the Transponder Data Box. Selecting the VFR Softkey again restores the previous identification code.
The pre-programmed VFR Code is set at the factory to 1200. If a VFR code change is required, contact a
Garmin-authorized service center for configuration.
VFR Code
Figure 4-46 VFR Code
IDENT Function
NOTE: In Standby Mode, the IDENT Softkey is inoperative.
Selecting the IDENT Softkey sends a distinct identity indication to Air Traffic Control (ATC). The indication
distinguishes the identing transponder from all the others on the air traffic controller’s screen. The IDENT
Softkey appears on all levels of transponder softkeys. When the IDENT Softkey is selected, a green IDNT
indication is displayed in the mode field of the Transponder Data Box for a duration of 18 seconds.
After the IDENT Softkey is selected while in Mode or Code Selection, the system reverts to the top-level
softkeys.
IDNT
Indication
Select the
IDENT Softkey
to Initiate the
ID Function
Figure 4-47 IDENT Softkey and Indication
156
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Audio Panel and CNS
Flight ID Reporting
NOTE: If the Flight ID is required but the system is not configured for it, contact a Garmin-authorized service
center for configuration.
When the Flight ID must be entered before flight operation, the identifier is placed in the Timer/References
Window on the PFD. The Flight ID can be up to eight characters. No space is needed when entering Flight
ID. When a Flight ID contains a space, the system automatically removes it upon completion of Flight ID entry.
The Flight ID is also displayed on the System - Status Page.
Entering a Flight ID:
1) Select the TMR/REF Softkey to display the Timer/References Window.
2) Press the FMS Knob to activate the selection cursor, if not already activated.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to scroll down to the Flight ID.
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to enter the desired Flight ID.
5) Press the ENT Key to complete Flight ID entry. The word “updating” appears until the new entry is completed.
If an error is made during Flight ID entry, pressing the CLR Key returns to the original Flight ID entry. While
entering a Flight ID, turning the FMS Knob counterclockwise moves the cursor back one space for each detent
of rotation. If an incorrect Flight ID is discovered after the unit begins operation, reenter the correct Flight ID
using the same procedure.
Flight ID
PFD Entry
Figure 4-48 Timer/References Window, Entering Flight ID
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
157
Audio Panel and CNS
4.5Additional Audio Panel Functions
Power-Up
The Audio Panels perform a self-test during power-up. During the self-test all Audio Panel annunciator lights
illuminate for approximately two seconds. Once the self-test is completed, most of the settings are restored to
those in use before the unit was last turned off. The exceptions are the speaker and intercom, which are always
selected during power up.
Mono/Stereo Headsets
Stereo or mono headsets are recommended for use in the cockpit of the aircraft.
Using a monaural headset in the jack panel of the cockpit shorts the right headset channel output to ground.
While this does not damage the Audio Panel, a pilot listening on a monaural headset hears only the left channel
in both ears.
Speaker
Each Audio Panel controls a separate cabin speaker. Pressing the SPKR Key selects and deselects the on-side
speaker unless oxygen masks are in use. While using oxygen masks, the cross-side cabin speaker is always on,
pilot audio is always heard on the speaker, and the SPKR Key can not be disabled (the speaker remains on) on
the side in which the oxygen mask is in use.
All of the radios can be heard over the cabin speakers. Speaker audio is muted when the PTT is pressed. The
“Stall” aural warning is always heard on both speakers, since the SPWS automatically activate the pilot and copilot speakers (if they are not already turned on) in the event of Stall Warning activation..
Figure 4-49 Music and Speaker Keys
158
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Audio Panel and CNS
Intercom
Pressing the INTR COM Key on either Audio Panel selects and deselects the intercom on both Audio Panels.
The annunciator is lit when the intercom is active. The intercom connects the pilot and copilot together. Either
the pilot or copilot may select or deselect the intercom.
The CABIN Key initiates two way communication between the pilot or copilot and the passengers in the
cabin. The annunciator is lit when the cabin intercom is active on either Audio Panel.
When the flight crew wants to communicate with the passengers, the pilot or copilot presses the CABIN
Key to signal that communication is desired. The cabin signal must be acknowledged to begin intercom
conversation.
When the passengers want to communicate with the pilot/copilot, they press the “COCKPIT CALL” switch
at their seat in the cabin. The CABIN annunciator flashes on both Audio Panels to signal the pilot and copilot
that cabin communication is desired. The cockpit call signal must be acknowledged by pressing the CABIN
Key to begin intercom conversation.
The MAN SQ Key allows either automatic or manual control of the intercom squelch setting. Pressing the
MAN SQ Key enables manual squelch control, indicated by the MAN SQ annunciator.
• When the MAN SQ Annunciator is extinguished (Automatic Squelch is on), the ICS Knob controls only the
volume (pressing the ICS Knob has no effect on the VOL/SQ selection).
• When the MAN SQ Annunciator is illuminated (Manual Squelch), the ICS Knob controls either volume or
squelch (selected by pressing the ICS Knob and indicated by the VOL or SQ annunciation).
Manual Squelch
Annunciator; Off
for Automatic
Squelch, On for
Manual Squelch
Cabin Annunciator; On for
Cabin Intercom, Flashes for
Cabin to Flight Deck Hail
Selects and Deselects
Cabin Intercom
Pilot/Copilot
ICS
Press to switch
between VOL and SQ.
Turn to adjust Squelch
when SQ Annunciation
is lit, Volume when
VOL Annunciation is lit.
Master Volume
Control for Pilot
Side or Copilot
Side
Volume Annunciation
Squelch Annunciation
Figure 4-50 Intercom Controls
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
159
Audio Panel and CNS
Passenger Address (PA) System
A passenger address system is provided by pressing the PA Key to deliver messages to the headsets of the
passengers (if installed). The message is heard by the other pilot on the headset only if the PA Key is enabled
on both audio panels. PA messages are one way from the flight deck to the passengers.
A Push-to-talk (PTT) must be pressed to deliver PA announcements to the passengers over their
headphones.
When PA is selected on the Audio Panel, the annunciator flashes about once per second while pressing the
PTT, the COM MIC annunciator is no longer lit, and the active COM frequency for that Audio Panel changes to
white, indicating that there is no COM selected.
PA Key is Selected on
the Audio Panel
Figure 4-51 PA Key Selected for Cabin Announcements
Simultaneous COM Operation
Both the pilot and the copilot can transmit and receive simultaneously over separate COM radios. The
selected COM MIC Annunciator flashes when either pilot’s microphone PTT is pressed.
If both pilots select the same COM radio, the pilot has priority on COM1 and the copilot has priority on
COM2.
160
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Audio Panel and CNS
Clearance Recorder and Player
NOTE: Pressing the play key on the pilot’s Audio Panel plays recorded audio to the Pilot. Pressing the play
key on the Copilot’s Audio Panel plays recorded audio to the Copilot.
The Audio Panel contains a digital clearance recorder that continually records up to 2.5 minutes of the
selected COM radio signal. Recorded COM audio is stored in separate memory blocks. Once 2.5 minutes of
recording time have been reached, the recorder begins recording over the stored memory blocks, starting from
the oldest block.
The PLAY Key controls the play function. The PLAY annunciator remains lit to indicate when play is in
progress. The PLAY annunciator turns off after playback is finished.
Pressing the PLAY Key once plays the latest recorded memory block and then returns to normal operation.
Pressing the PLAY Key again during play of a memory block stops play. If a COM input signal is detected
during play of a recorded memory block, play is halted.
Pressing the PLAY Key twice within one-half second while audio is playing plays the previous block of
recorded audio. Each subsequent two presses of the PLAY Key within one-half second backtracks through the
recorded memory blocks to reach and play any recorded block.
Powering off the unit automatically clears all recorded blocks.
PLAY Key
Controls the
Play Function
Figure 4-52 Play Key
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
161
Audio Panel and CNS
Entertainment Inputs
NOTE: MUSIC 1 and MUSIC 2 inputs cannot be completely turned off. Audio level for MUSIC 1 and MUSIC 2
can be adjusted by a Garmin-authorized service center.
The Audio Panel provides two stereo auxiliary entertainment inputs: MUSIC 1 and MUSIC 2. These inputs
are compatible with popular portable entertainment devices such as MP3 and CD players. Two 3.5-mm
stereo phone jacks are installed in convenient locations for audio connection. The headphone outputs of the
entertainment devices are plugged into the MUSIC 1 or MUSIC 2 jacks. The availability of the Entertainment
Inputs is as shown in the following table.
Pilot Music In (Music 1)
OFF*
OFF
ON
ON
Copilot Music In (Music 2)
OFF
ON**
OFF
ON
Crew
GDL 69A (XM Radio)
Copilot Music In
Pilot Music In
Pilot Music In
Passengers
GDL 69A (XM Radio)
Copilot Music In
GDL 69A (XM Radio)
Copilot Music In
* OFF means no audio source is plugged into the respective Audio Jack Panel.
**ON means an audio source (e.g MP3 player) is plugged into the respective Audio Jack Panel.
MUSIC 1
MUSIC 1 can be heard by the pilot and copilot when the MUSIC Key is selected.
MUSIC 1 Muting
MUSIC 1 muting occurs when aircraft radio, aural warning alerts, or marker beacon activity is heard.
MUSIC 1 is always soft muted when an interruption occurs from an aircraft radio. Soft muting is the
gradual return of MUSIC 1 to its original volume level. The time required for MUSIC 1 volume to return
to normal is between one-half and four seconds.
MUSIC 2
MUSIC 2 can be heard only by the passengers.
announcements.
MUSIC 2 is by default muted only during PA
XM Radio Entertainment
XM Radio audio from the Data Link Receiver may be heard by the pilot and passengers simultaneously
(optional: requires subscription to XM Radio Service). Refer to the Additional Features Section for more
details on the Data Link Receiver.
Connecting a stereo input to either MUSIC 1 or MUSIC 2 jacks removes the XM Radio Audio from that
input.
162
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Audio Panel and CNS
4.6Audio Panels Preflight Procedure
NOTE: If the pilot and/or copilot are using headsets that have a high/low switch or volume control knob,
verify that the switch is in the high position and the volume control on the headsets are at maximum volume
setting. On single‑pilot flights, verify that all other headsets are not connected to avoid excess noise in the
audio system.
NOTE: Adjusting the PILOT volume control affects ICS audio that is heard in the headset for the flight crew
member that is performing the adjustment. Keep in mind that the intercom volumes on the Audio Panels
are independent of one another, but the radio volumes are not.
NOTE: When the MAN SQ Key is pressed, the ICS squelch can be set manually by the pilot and copilot. If
manual squelch is set to minimum (SQ annunciated and the knobs turned counterclockwise), background
noise is heard in the ICS system as well as during COM transmissions.
After powering up the system, the following steps aid in maximizing the use of the Audio Panels as well as
prevent pilot and copilot induced issues. These preflight procedures should be performed each time a pilot
boards the aircraft to insure awareness of all audio levels in the Audio Panel and radios.
Automatic/Manual
Squelch
Pilot/Copilot
ICS
Cabin ICS
Master Volume
Control
ICS Volume and
Squelch Control
Volume Annunciation
Squelch Annunciation
Reversionary Mode
for PFD1 and MFD
Reversionary Mode
for PFD2 and MFD
Pilot Side
Copilot Side
Figure 4-53 Audio Panel Controls
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
163
Audio Panel and CNS
Independent radio volume adjustments made using the MFD/PFD controls affect only the audio output for each
radio selected for adjustment. Radio volume adjustment affects both crew positions equally for each radio that
is adjusted. Turning the master volume control located on either Audio Panel affects only the audio heard in the
corresponding crew position headset. Thus, radio volume adjustments may be overridden by each crew position
independently using the master volume control on the Audio Panel for the respective crew position. The master
volume control for each Audio Panel affects all other system audio output for the pilot or copilot headset.
Setting the Audio Panel volume levels during preflight:
1) Verify the INTR COM Key is selected.
2) Verify manual squelch is set to minimum.
3) Turn the MSTR Knob (Master Volume Control) on both Audio Panels clockwise two full turns. This sets the
headset audio level to max volume (least amount of attenuation).
4) Adjust radio volume levels (COM, NAV, etc.) to a suitable level.
5) Adjust the ICS volume Knob on each Audio Panel to the desired intercom level.
6) Reset squelch to automatic, or adjust to the appropriate level manually.
Once this procedure has been completed, the master volume controls on both Audio Panels may now be
adjusted. The flight crew can change settings, keeping in mind the notes above.
Pilot Master
Volume Control
Radio Volume
Knobs Adjust
Radio Level
Master Volume
Knobs Adjust
Headphone
Volume Level
COM Radio
Audio
NAV Radio
Audio
Copilot Master
Volume Control
Figure 4-54 Radio and Headphone Volume Controls
164
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Audio Panel and CNS
4.7Abnormal Operation
Abnormal operation of the system includes failures of the system components and failure of associated
equipment, including switches and external devices.
Stuck Microphone
If the push-to-talk (PTT) Key becomes stuck, the COM transmitter stops transmitting after 35 seconds of
continuous operation. An alert appears on the PFD to advise the crew of a stuck microphone.
The COM1 MIC or COM2 MIC Key Annunciator on the Audio Panel flashes as long as the PTT Key remains
stuck.
Figure 4-55 Stuck Microphone Alert
COM Tuning Failure
In case of a COM system tuning failure, the emergency frequency (121.500 MHz) is automatically tuned in
the radio in which the tuning failure occurred. Depending on the failure mode, a red X may appear on the
frequency display.
Emergency Channel
Loaded Automatically
Figure 4-56 COM Tuning Failure
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
165
Audio Panel and CNS
PFD Failure, Dual System
If PFD1 fails, COM1 and NAV1 display a red X on both remaining displays. NAV1 is unavailable. COM1
automatically tunes 121.500 MHz, but the frequency is not shown.
Emergency Channel
Loaded Automatically
Figure 4-57 Frequency Section of PFD2 Display after PFD1 Failure
If the HSDB switch is in NORMAL MODE and the MFD fails, COM2 and NAV2 display a red X on the
remaining PFD display. NAV2 is unavailable. COM2 tunes 121.500 MHz, but the frequency is not shown.
If the HSDB switch is in REV MODE and PFD2 fails, COM2 and NAV2 display a red X on the remaining PFD
display. NAV2 is unavailable. COM2 tunes 121.500 MHz, but the frequency is not shown.
Figure 4-58 PFD1 Display after PFD2 Failure with HSDB Switch in REV Mode
166
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Audio Panel and CNS
Audio Panel Fail-safe Operation
If there is a failure of both Audio Panels, a fail-safe circuit connects the pilot’s headset and microphone directly
to the COM1 transceiver and the copilot’s headset directly to the COM2 transceiver. Audio is not available on
the speakers. If there is a failure of one Audio Panel, that side only has access to their respective on-side failsafe COM.
NOTE: Audio is not available on the speakers in case of an Audio Panel and its cross-side GIA unit simultaneous
failure.
If there is a failure of one Audio Panel, the remaining Audio Panel does not have access to the other side’s
COM or NAV. For example, if the pilot side Audio Panel fails, the copilot side Audio Panel has access to all
the radios except for COM1 and NAV1. In this case, the copilot can receive the audio from NAV2 and operate
COM2 for transmission/reception.
In addition, if there is a failure of one Audio Panel, the following functions are no longer available on the
failed side; NAV/ILS audio, speaker, cockpit/cockpit-passengers intercom, aural warning alerts on headset,
entertainment inputs, and digital recording radio. Also, if a stereo headset is in use, and an Audio Panel fails,
only the left channel will be heard in the headphones.
Reversionary Mode
The red DISPLAY BACKUP Button selects the Reversionary Mode. See the System Overview Section for
more information on Reversionary Mode.
Figure 4-59 Reversionary Mode Button
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
167
Audio Panel and CNS
Blank Page
168
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Flight Management
Section 5 Flight Management
5.1Introduction
The Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 is an integrated flight, engine, communication, navigation and surveillance
system. This section of the Pilot’s Guide explains flight management using the Prodigy® Flight Deck 100.
The most prominent part of the system are the three full color displays: two Primary Flight Displays (PFD) and
a Multi Function Display (MFD). The information to successfully navigate the aircraft using the GPS sensors is
displayed on the PFD and the MFD. See examples in the Figure 5-1 and Figure 5-2. Detailed descriptions of flight
management functions are discussed later in this section.
A brief description of the GPS navigation data on the PFD and MFD follows.
Navigation mode indicates which sensor is providing the course data (e.g., GPS, VOR) and the flight plan phase
(e.g., Departure (DPRT), Terminal (TERM), Enroute (ENR), Oceanic (OCN), Approach (LNAV, LNAV+V, L/VNAV,
or LPV), or Missed Approach (MAPR)).
The Inset Map is a small version of the MFD Navigation Map and can be displayed in the lower left corner of
the PFD. When the system is in reversionary mode, the Inset Map is displayed in the lower right corner. The
Inset Map is displayed by pressing the INSET Softkey. Pressing the INSET Softkey again, then pressing the OFF
Softkey removes the Inset Map.
The Navigation Map displays aviation data (e.g., airports, VORs, airways, airspaces), geographic data (e.g.,
cities, lakes, highways, borders), topographic data (map shading indicating elevation), and hazard data (e.g.,
traffic, terrain, weather). The amount of displayed data can be reduced by selecting the DCLTR Softkey. The
Navigation Map can be oriented four different ways: North Up (NORTH UP), Track Up (TRK UP), Desired Track
Up (DTK UP), or Heading Up (HDG UP).
An aircraft icon is placed on the Navigation Map at the location corresponding to the calculated present position.
The aircraft position and the flight plan legs are accurately based on GPS calculations. The basemap upon which
these are placed are from a source with less resolution, therefore the relative position of the aircraft to map features
is not exact. The leg of the active flight plan currently being flown is shown as a magenta line on the navigation
map. The other legs are shown in white.
There are 28 different map ranges available, from 500 feet to 2000 nm. The current range is indicated in the
lower right corner of the map and represents the top-to-bottom distance covered by the map. To change the map
range on any map, turn the Joystick counter-clockwise to zoom in ( -, decreasing), or clockwise to zoom out (+,
increasing).
The Direct-to Window, the Flight Plan Window, the Procedures Window, and the Nearest Airports Window
can be displayed in the lower right corner of the PFD. Details of these windows are discussed in detail later in
the section.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
169
Flight Management
Navigation Status Box
Navigation Mode
Inset Map
Location of:
- Direct To Window
- Flight Plan Window
- Procedures Window
- Nearest Airports Window
Figure 5-1 GPS Navigation Information on the PFD
Navigation Status Box
Map Orientation
Navigation Page Title
Navigation Map
- Aviation Data
- Geographic Data
- Topographic Data
- Hazard Data
Aircraft Icon
at Present Position
Active Flight Plan Leg
Flight Plan Leg
Map Range
Figure 5-2 GPS Navigation Information on the MFD Navigation Page
Navigation Status Box
The Navigation Status Box located at the top of the PFD contains two fields displaying the following
information:
PFD Navigation Status Box
170
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Flight Management
• Active flight plan leg (e.g., ‘D-> KICT’ or ‘KIXD ->
KCOS’) or flight plan annunciations (e.g., ‘Turn
right to 021˚ in 8 seconds’)
The Navigation Status Box located at the top of the
MFD contains four data fields, each displaying one of
the following items:
• Distance (DIS) and Bearing (BRG) to the next
waypoint or flight plan annunciations (e.g., ‘TOD
within 1 minute’)
• Bearing (BRG)
The symbols used in the PFD status bar are:
Symbol
Description
Active Leg
• Distance (DIS)
• Desired Track (DTK)
• Endurance (END)
• Enroute Safe Altitude (ESA)
• Estimated Time of Arrival (ETA)
Direct-to
• Estimated Time Enroute (ETE)
Right Procedure Turn
Left Procedure Turn
Right Holding Pattern
• Fuel on Board (FOB)
• Fuel over Destination (FOD)
• Ground Speed (GS)
• Minimum Safe Altitude (MSA)
Left Holding Pattern
• True Air Speed (TAS)
Vector to Final
• Track Angle Error (TKE)
• Track (TRK)
Right DME Arc
• Vertical Speed Required (VSR)
Left DME Arc
• Crosstrack Error (XTK)
MFD Navigation Status Box
The navigation information displayed in the four data fields can be selected on the MFD Data Bar Fields Box
on the AUX - System Setup Page. The default selections (in order left to right) are GS, DTK, TRK, and ETE.
Changing a field in the MFD Navigation Status Box:
1) Select the System Setup Page.
2) Press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the desired field number in the MFD Data Bar Fields Box.
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to display and scroll through the data options list.
5) Select the desired data.
6) Press the ENT Key. Selecting the DFLTS Softkey returns all fields to the default setting.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
171
Flight Management
5.2Using Map Displays
Map displays are used extensively to provide situational awareness in flight. Most maps can display the following
information:
• Airports, NAVAIDs, airspaces, airways, land data • Aircraft icon (representing present position)
(highways, cities, lakes, rivers, borders, etc.) with • Nav range ring
names
• Fuel range ring
• Map Pointer information (distance and bearing to
pointer, location of pointer, name, and other pertinent • Flight plan legs
information)
• User waypoints
• Map range
• Track vector
• Wind direction and speed
• Topography scale
• Map orientation
• Topography data
• Icons for enabled map features
• Obstacle data
The information in this section applies to the following maps unless otherwise noted:
• All Map Group Pages (MAP)
• Flight Plan Pages (FPL)
• All Waypoint Group Pages (WPT)
• Direct-to Window
• AUX - Trip Planning
• PFD Inset Map
• All Nearest Group Pages (NRST)
• Procedure Loading Pages
Map Orientation
Maps are shown in one of four different orientation options, allowing flexibility in determining aircraft
position relative to other items on the map (north up) or for determining where map items are relative to where
the aircraft is going (track up, desired track up, or heading up). The map orientation is shown in the upper
right corner of the map.
Figure 5-3 Map Orientation
• North up (NORTH UP) aligns the top of the map display to north (default setting).
• Track up (TRK UP) aligns the top of the map display to the current ground track.
172
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Flight Management
• Desired track up (DTK UP) aligns the top of the map display to the desired course.
• Heading up (HDG UP) aligns the top of the map display to the current aircraft heading.
Note: When panning or reviewing active flight plan legs in a non-North Up orientation, the map does not
show the map orientation nor the wind direction and speed.
Note: Map orientation can only be changed on the Navigation Map Page. Any other displays that show
navigation data reflect the orientation selected for the Navigation Map Page.
Changing the Navigation Map orientation:
1) With the Navigation Map Page displayed, press the MENU Key. The cursor flashes on the ‘Map Setup’ option.
Map Setup
Selection
Figure 5-4 Navigation Map Page Menu Window
2) Press the ENT Key to display the Map Setup Window.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob, or press the ENT Key once, to select the ‘ORIENTATION’ field.
Map Group Selection
Orientation Field
Figure 5-5 Map Setup Menu Window - Map Group
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
173
Flight Management
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the desired orientation.
5) Press the ENT Key to select the new orientation.
6) Press the FMS Knob to return to the base page.
Map Range
There are 28 different map ranges available, from 500 feet to 2000 nm. The current range is indicated in
the lower right corner of the map and represents the top-to-bottom distance covered by the map. When the
map range is decreased to a point that exceeds the capability of the system to accurately represent the map,
a magnifying glass icon is shown to the left of the map range. To change the map range turn the Joystick
counter-clockwise to decrease the range, or clockwise to increase the range.
Range Overzoom
Figure 5-6 Map Range
174
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Flight Management
Auto Zoom
Auto zoom allows the system to change the map display range to the smallest range clearly showing the
active waypoint. Auto zoom can be overridden by adjusting the range with the Joystick, and remains until
the active waypoint changes, a terrain or traffic alert occurs, the aircraft takes off, or the manual override times
out (timer set on Map Setup Window).
If a terrain caution or warning occurs, any map page displaying terrain data automatically adjusts to the
smallest map range clearly showing the highest priority alert. If a new traffic advisory alert occurs, any map
page capable of displaying traffic advisory alerts automatically adjusts to the smallest map range clearly
showing the traffic advisory. When terrain or traffic alerts clear, the map returns to the previous auto zoom
range based on the active waypoint.
The auto zoom function can be turned on or off independently for the PFDs and MFD. Control of the
ranges at which the auto zoom occurs is done by setting the minimum and maximum ‘look forward’ times
(set on the Map Setup Window for the Map Group). These settings determine the minimum and maximum
distance to display based upon the aircraft’s ground speed.
• Waypoints that are long distances apart cause the map range to increase to a point where many details on
the map are decluttered. If this is not acceptable, lower the maximum look ahead time to a value that limits
the auto zoom to an acceptable range.
• Waypoints that are very short distances apart cause the map range to decrease to a point where situational
awareness may not be what is desired. Increase the minimum look ahead time to a value that limits the auto
zoom to a minimum range that provides acceptable situational awareness.
• Flight plans that have a combination of long and short legs cause the range to increase and decrease as
waypoints sequence. To avoid this, auto zoom can be disabled or the maximum/minimum times can be
adjusted.
• The ‘time out’ time (configurable on the Map Setup Page for the Map Group) determines how long auto
zoom is overridden by a manual adjustment of the range knob. At the expiration of this time, the auto
zoom range is restored. Setting the ‘time out’ value to zero causes the manual override to never time out.
• When the maximum ‘look forward’ time is set to zero, the upper limit becomes the maximum range available
(2000 nm).
• When the minimum ‘look forward’ time is set to zero, the lower limit becomes 1.5 nm.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
175
Flight Management
Auto Zoom:
Off, MFD Only, PFD Only, All On
Manual Range Override
Expiration Time
Maximum Look Forward Time
Minimum Look Forward Time
Figure 5-7 Map Setup Menu Window - Map Group, Auto Zoom
Configuring automatic zoom:
1) Press the MENU Key with the Navigation Map Page displayed. The cursor flashes on the ‘Map Setup’ option.
2) Press the ENT Key. The Map Setup Menu is displayed.
3) Select the ‘Map’ group.
4) Press the ENT Key.
5) Highlight the ‘AUTO ZOOM’ field.
6) Select ‘Off’, ‘MFD Only’, ‘PFD Only’, or ‘ALL On’.
7) Press the ENT Key to accept the selected option. The flashing cursor highlights the ‘MAX LOOK FWD’ field.
Times are from zero to 999 minutes.
8) Use the FMS Knobs to set the time. Press the ENT Key.
9) Repeat step 8 for ‘MIN LOOK FWD’ (zero to 99 minutes) and ‘TIME OUT’ (zero to 99 minutes).
10) Press the FMS Knob to return to the Navigation Map Page.
176
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Flight Management
Map Panning
Map panning allows the pilot to:
• View parts of the map outside the displayed range without adjusting the map range
• Highlight and select locations on the map
• Review information for a selected airport, NAVAID or user waypoint
• Designate locations for use in flight planning
• View airspace and airway information
When the panning function is selected by pressing the Joystick, the Map Pointer flashes on the map display.
A window also appears at the top of the map display showing the latitude/longitude position of the pointer,
the bearing and distance to the pointer from the aircraft’s present position, and the elevation of the land at the
position of the pointer.
Map Pointer
Information
Map Pointer
Figure 5-8 Navigation Map - Map Pointer Activated
Note: The map is normally centered on the aircraft’s position. If the map has been panned and there has
been no pointer movement for about 60 seconds, the map reverts back to centered on the aircraft position
and the flashing pointer is removed.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
177
Flight Management
When the Map Pointer is placed on an object, the name of the object is highlighted (even if the name was
not originally displayed on the map). When any map feature or object is selected on the map display, pertinent
information is displayed.
Information about
Point of Interest
Map Pointer
on POI
Figure 5-9 Navigation Map - Map Pointer on Point of Interest
When the Map Pointer crosses an airspace boundary, the boundary is highlighted and airspace information
is shown at the top of the display. The information includes the name and class of airspace, the ceiling in feet
above Mean Sea Level (MSL), and the floor in feet MSL.
178
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Flight Management
Information
about Airspace
Map Pointer
on Airspace
Figure 5-10 Navigation Map - Map Pointer on Airspace
Panning the map:
1) Press the Joystick to display the Map Pointer.
2) Move the Joystick to move the Map Pointer around the map.
3) Press the Joystick to remove the Map Pointer and recenter the map on the aircraft’s current position.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
179
Flight Management
Reviewing information for an airport, NAVAID, or user waypoint:
1) Place the Map Pointer on a waypoint.
2) Press the ENT Key to display the Waypoint Information Page for the selected waypoint.
3) Select the GO BACK Softkey, the CLR Key, or the ENT Key to exit the Waypoint Information Page and return to
the Navigation Map showing the selected waypoint.
NAVAID
Information
GO BACK Softkey
Figure 5-11 Navigation Map - Information Window - NAVAID
180
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Flight Management
Viewing airspace information for a special-use or controlled airspace:
1) Place the Map Pointer on an open area within the boundaries of an airspace.
2) Press the ENT Key to display an options menu.
3) ‘Review Airspaces’ should already be highlighted, if not select it. Press the ENT Key to display the Airspace
Information Page for the selected airspace.
4) Press the CLR or ENT Key to exit the Airspace Information Page.
Airspace
Information
Figure 5-12 Navigation Map - Information Window - Airspace
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
181
Flight Management
Measuring Bearing and Distance
Distance and bearing from the aircraft’s present position to any point on the viewable navigation map may be
calculated using the ‘Measure Bearing and Distance’ selection from Navigation Map page menu. The bearing
and distance tool displays a dashed Measurement Line and a Measure Pointer to aid in graphically identifying
points with which to measure. Lat/Long, distance and elevation data for the Measure Pointer is provided in a
window at the top of the navigation map.
Measuring bearing and distance between any two points:
1) Press the MENU Key (with the Navigation Map Page displayed).
2) Highlight the ‘Measure Bearing/Distance’ field.
3) Press the ENT Key. A Measure Pointer is displayed on the map at the aircraft’s present position.
4) Move the Joystick to place the reference pointer at the desired location. The bearing and distance are displayed
at the top of the map. Elevation at the current pointer position is also displayed. Pressing the ENT Key changes
the starting point for measuring.
5) To exit the Measure Bearing/Distance option, press the Joystick; or select ‘Stop Measuring’ from the Page
Menu and press the ENT Key.
Pointer
Lat/Long
Measurement
Information
Measurement
Line
Figure 5-13 Navigation Map - Measuring Bearing and Distance
182
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Flight Management
Topography
All navigation maps can display various shades of topography colors representing land elevation, similar
to aviation sectional charts. Topographic data can be displayed or removed as described in the following
procedures.
TOPO On
TOPO Off
TOPO Softkey Not Enabled
Navigation Map
TOPO Softkey Enabled
Black Background
Figure 5-14 Navigation Map - Topographic Data
Navigation Map
Topographic Data
Displaying/removing topographic data on all pages displaying navigation maps:
1) Select the MAP Softkey (the INSET Softkey for the PFD Inset Map).
2) Select the TOPO Softkey.
3) Select the TOPO Softkey again to remove topographic data from the Navigation Map. When topographic data
is removed from the page, all navigation data is presented on a black background.
Displaying/removing topographic data (TOPO DATA) using the Navigation Map Page Menu:
1) Press the MENU Key with the Navigation Map Page displayed. The cursor flashes on the ‘Map Setup’ option.
2) Press the ENT Key. The Map Setup Menu is displayed.
3) Select the ‘Map’ group.
4) Press the ENT Key.
5) Highlight the ‘TOPO DATA’ field.
6) Select ‘On’ or ‘Off’.
7) Press the FMS Knob to return to the Navigation Map Page.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
183
Flight Management
TOPO DATA
On/Off
TOPO DATA
Range
Figure 5-15 Navigation Map Setup Menu - TOPO DATA Setup
The topographic data range is the maximum map range on which topographic data is displayed.
Note: Since the PFD Inset Map is much smaller than the MFD navigation maps, items are removed on the
PFD Inset Map two range levels smaller than the range selected in the Map Setup pages (e.g., a setting
of 100 nm removes the item at ranges above 100 nm on MFD navigation maps, while the PFD Inset Map
removes the same item at 50 nm).
Selecting a topographical data range (TOPO DATA):
1) Press the MENU Key with the Navigation Map Page displayed. The cursor flashes on the ‘Map Setup’ option.
2) Press the ENT Key. The Map Setup Menu is displayed.
3) Select the ‘Map’ group.
4) Press the ENT Key.
5) Highlight the ‘TOPO DATA’ range field. TOPO ranges are from 500 ft to 2000 nm.
6) To change the TOPO range setting, turn the small FMS Knob to display the range list.
7) Select the desired range using the small FMS Knob.
8) Press the ENT Key.
9) Press the FMS Knob to return to the Navigation Map Page.
In addition, the Navigation Map can display a topographic scale (located in the lower right hand side of the
map) showing a scale of the terrain elevation and current elevation values.
184
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Flight Management
Maximum Displayed Elevation
Minimum Displayed Elevation
Aircraft Altitude (MSL)
Range of
Displayed
Elevations
Ground Elevation at Map Pointer
Location (only visible when Map
Pointer is displayed)
Figure 5-16 Navigation Map - TOPO SCALE
Displaying/removing the topographic scale (TOPO SCALE):
1) Press the MENU Key with the Navigation Map Page displayed. The cursor flashes on the ‘Map Setup’ option.
2) Press the ENT Key. The Map Setup Menu is displayed.
3) Select the ‘Map’ group and press the ENT Key.
4) Highlight the ‘TOPO SCALE’ field.
5) Select ‘On’ or ‘Off’.
6) Press the FMS Knob to return to the Navigation Map Page.
TOPO SCALE
On/Off
Figure 5-17 Navigation Map Setup Menu - TOPO SCALE Setup
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
185
Flight Management
Map Symbols
This section discusses the types of land and aviation symbols that can be displayed. Each listed type of symbol
can be turned on or off, and the maximum range to display each symbol can be set. The decluttering of the
symbols from the map using the DCLTR Softkey is also discussed.
Land Symbols
The following items are configured on the land menu:
Land Symbols
(Text label size can be None, Small, Medium (Med), or Large
(Lrg))
Symbol
Latitude/Longitude (LAT/LON)
Default
Maximum
Range (nm) Range (nm)
Off
2000
Interstate Highway (FREEWAY)
300
800
International Highway (FREEWAY)
300
800
US Highway (NATIONAL HWY)
30
80
State Highway (LOCAL HWY)
15
30
8
15
Railroads (RAILROAD)
15
30
LARGE CITY (> 200,000)
800
1500
MEDIUM CITY (> 50,000)
100
200
SMALL CITY (> 5,000)
States and Provinces (STATE/PROV)
20
800
50
1500
Rivers and Lakes (RIVER/LAKE)
200
500
USER WAYPOINT
150
300
Highways and Roads
Local Road (LOCAL ROAD)
N/A
Table 5-1 Land Symbol Information
186
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Flight Management
Aviation Symbols
The following items are configured on the aviation menu:
Aviation Symbols
(Text label size can be None, Small, Medium (Med),
or Large (Lrg))
Symbol
Default
Maximum
Range (nm) Range (nm)
Active Flight Plan Leg (ACTIVE FPL)
2000
2000
Non-active Flight Plan Leg (ACTIVE FPL)
2000
2000
2000
250
150
50
3
Off
15
2000
500
300
100
20
100
30
Non-directional Beacon (NDB WAYPOINT)
15
30
VOR (VOR WAYPOINT)
150
300
Class B Airspace/TMA (CLASS B/TMA)
200
500
Class C Airspace/TCA (CLASS C/TCA)
200
500
Class D Airspace (CLASS D)
150
300
Restricted Area (RESTRICTED)
200
500
Military Operations Area [MOA(MILITARY)]
200
500
Other/Air Defense Interdiction Zone (OTHER/ADIZ)
200
500
Temporary Flight Restriction (TFR)
500
2000
Active Flight Plan Waypoint (ACTIVE FPL WPT)
Large Airports (LARGE APT)
Medium Airports (MEDIUM APT)
Small Airports (SMALL APT)
Taxiways (SAFETAXI)
Runway Extension (RWY EXTENSION)
Intersection (INT WAYPOINT)
See Airports, NAVAIDs
See Additional Features
N/A
Table 5-2 Aviation Symbol Information
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
187
Flight Management
Symbol Setup
All pages with maps can display land symbols (roads, lakes, borders, etc). Land symbols can be removed
totally (turned off).
Displaying/removing all land symbols:
1) Press the MENU Key with the Navigation Map Page displayed. The Page Menu is displayed and the cursor
flashes on the ‘Map Setup’ option.
2) Press the ENT Key. The Map Setup Group Menu is displayed and the cursor flashes on the ‘Map’ option.
3) Highlight the ‘LAND DATA’ field.
4) Select ‘On’ or ‘Off’.
5) Press the FMS Knob to return to the Navigation Map Page.
LAND DATA
On/Off
Figure 5-18 Navigation Map Setup Menu - LAND DATA Setup
The label size (TEXT) sets the size at which labels appear on the display (none, small, medium, and large).
The range (RNG) sets the maximum range at which items appear on the display.
Selecting a ‘Land’ or ‘Aviation’ group item text size and range:
1) Press the MENU Key with the Navigation Map Page displayed. The cursor flashes on the ‘Map Setup’ option.
2) Press the ENT Key. The Map Setup Menu is displayed.
3) Select the ‘Land’ or ‘Aviation’ group.
4) Press the ENT Key. The cursor flashes on the first field.
5) Select the desired land option.
6) Select the desired text size.
7) Press the ENT Key to accept the selected size.
8) Select the desired range.
9) Press the ENT Key to accept the selected range.
10) Press the FMS Knob to return to the Navigation Map Page.
188
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Flight Management
Text Label Size
(None, Small, Med, or Lrg)
Maximum Display Range
Figure 5-19 Navigation Map Setup Menu - LAND GROUP Setup
Text Label Size
(None, Small, Med, or Lrg)
Maximum Display Range
Figure 5-20 Navigation Map Setup Menu - AVIATION GROUP Setup
Note: Since the PFD Inset Map is much smaller than the MFD navigation maps, items are removed on the
PFD Inset Map two range levels smaller than the range selected in the Map Setup pages (e.g., a setting
of 100 nm removes the item at ranges above 100 nm on MFD navigation maps, while the PFD Inset Map
removes the same item at 50 nm).
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
189
Flight Management
Map Declutter
The declutter feature allows the pilot to progressively step through four levels of removing map information.
The declutter level is displayed in the DCLTR Softkey and next to the Declutter Menu Option.
Declutter Level
DCLTR Softkey
Navigation Map Page Menu
Figure 5-21 Navigation Map - Declutter Level Indications
Decluttering the map:
Select the DCLTR Softkey with the Navigation Map Page displayed. The current declutter level is shown. With
each softkey selection, another level of map information is removed.
Or:
1) Press the MENU Key with the Navigation Map Page displayed.
2) Select ‘Declutter’. The current declutter level is shown.
3) Press the ENT Key.
Decluttering the PFD Inset Map:
1) Press the INSET Softkey.
2) Press the DCLTR Softkey. The current declutter level is shown. With each selection, another level of map
information is removed.
190
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Flight Management
Table 5-3 lists the items displayed at each declutter level. The ‘X’ represents map items displayed for the
various levels of declutter.
Item
Flight Plan Route Lines
Flight Plan Route Waypoints
Rivers/Lakes
Topography Data
International Borders
Track Vector
Navigation Range Ring
Fuel Range Ring
Terrain Data
Traffic
Airways
NEXRAD
XM Lightning Data
Airports
Runway Labels
Restricted
MOA (Military)
User Waypoints
Latitude/Longitude Grid
NAVAIDs
Class B Airspaces/TMA
Class C Airspaces/TCA
Class D Airspaces
Other Airspaces/ADIZ
TFRs
Obstacles
Land/Country Text
Cities
Roads
Railroads
State/Province Boundaries
River/Lake Names
No Declutter Declutter-1 Declutter-2 Declutter-3
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
Table 5-3 Navigation Map Items Displayed by Declutter Level
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
191
Flight Management
Airways
This airways discussion is based upon the North American airway structure. The airway structure in places
other than North America vary by location, etc. and are not discussed in this book. Low Altitude Airways (or
Victor Airways) primarily serve smaller piston-engine, propeller-driven airplanes on shorter routes and at lower
altitudes. Airways are eight nautical miles wide and start 1,200 feet above ground level (AGL) and extend up
to 18,000 feet mean sea level (MSL). Low Altitude Airways are designated with a “V” before the airway number
(hence the name “Victor Airways”) since they run primarily between VORs.
High Altitude Airways (or Jet Routes) primarily serve airliners, jets, turboprops, and turbocharged piston
aircraft operating above 18,000 feet MSL. Jet Routes start at 18,000 feet MSL and extend upward to 45,000 feet
MSL (altitudes above 18,000 feet are called “flight levels” and are described as FL450 for 45,000 feet MSL). Jet
Routes are designated with a “J” before the route number.
Low Altitude Airways are drawn in gray (the same shade used for roads). High Altitude Airways are drawn
in green. When both types of airways are displayed, High Altitude Airways are drawn on top of Low Altitude
Airways.
When airways are selected for display on the map, the airway waypoints (VORs, NDBs and Intersections) are
also displayed.
Low Altitude
Airway
(Victor Airway)
High Altitude
Airway
(Jet Route)
Figure 5-22 Airways on MFD Navigation Page
192
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Flight Management
Airways may be displayed on the map at the pilot’s discretion using either a combination of AIRWAYS Softkey
presses, or menu selections using the MENU Key from the Navigation Map Page. The Airway range can also be
programmed to only display Airways on the MFD when the map range is at or below a specific number.
Displaying/removing airways:
1) Select the MAP Softkey.
2) Select the AIRWAYS Softkey. Both High and Low Altitude Airways are displayed (AIRWAY ON).
3) Select the softkey again to display Low Altitude Airways only (AIRWAY LO).
4) Select the softkey again to display High Altitude Airways only (AIRWAY HI).
5) Select the softkey again to remove High Altitude Airways. No airways are displayed (AIRWAYS).
Or:
1) Press the MENU Key with the Navigation Map Page displayed. The cursor flashes on the ‘Map Setup’ option.
2) Press the ENT Key. The Map Setup Menu is displayed.
3) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the ‘Airways’ group, and press the ENT Key.
4) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the ‘AIRWAYS’ field.
5) Turn the FMS Knob to select ‘Off’, ‘All’, ‘LO Only’, or ‘HI Only’, and press the ENT Key.
6) Press the FMS Knob to return to the Navigation Map Page.
Airway Display Selection
Off, All, LO Only, HI Only
Low Altitude Airway Range
High Altitude Airway Range
Figure 5-23 Navigation Map Setup Menu - AIRWAYS Setup
The airway range is the maximum map range on which airways are displayed.
Selecting an airway range (LOW ALT AIRWAY or HI ALT AIRWAY):
1) Press the MENU Key with the Navigation Map Page displayed. The cursor flashes on the ‘Map Setup’ option.
2) Press the ENT Key. The Map Setup Menu is displayed.
3) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the ‘Airways’ group, and press the ENT Key.
4) Highlight the ‘LOW ALT AIRWAY’ or ‘HI ALT AIRWAY’ range field.
5) To change the range setting, turn the small FMS Knob to display the range list.
6) Select the desired range using the small FMS Knob.
7) Press the ENT Key.
8) Press the FMS Knob to return to the Navigation Map Page.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
193
Flight Management
The following range items are configurable on the airways menu:
Airway Type
Symbol
Default
Maximum
Range (nm) Range (nm)
200
500
Low Altitude Airway (LOW ALT AIRWAY)
High Altitude Airway (HI ALT AIRWAY)
300
500
Table 5-4 Airway Range Information
Track Vector
The Navigation Map can display a track vector that is useful in minimizing track angle error. The track vector
is a solid light blue line segment extended to a predicted location. The track vector look-ahead time is selectable
(30 sec, 60 sec (default), 2 min, 5 min, 10 min, 20 min) and determines the length of the track vector. The track
vector shows up to 90 degrees of a turn for the 30 and 60 second time settings.
Track Vector
Figure 5-24 Navigation Map -Track Vector
Displaying/removing the track vector:
1) Press the MENU Key with the Navigation Map Page displayed. The cursor flashes on the ‘Map Setup’ option.
2) Press the ENT Key. The Map Setup Menu is displayed.
3) Select the ‘Map’ group.
4) Press the ENT Key.
5) Highlight the ‘TRACK VECTOR’ field.
6) Select ‘On’ or ‘Off’. Press the ENT Key to accept the selected option. The flashing cursor highlights the look
ahead time field. Use the FMS Knob to select the desired time. Press the ENT Key.
7) Press the FMS Knob to return to the Navigation Map Page.
194
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Flight Management
Wind Vector On/Off
Nav Range Ring On/Off
Track Vector
- On/Off
- Look Ahead Time
Fuel Range
- On/Off
- Fuel Reserve Time
Figure 5-25 Navigation Map Setup Menu -TRACK VECTOR, WIND VECTOR, NAV RANGE RING, FUEL RANGE RING Setup
Wind Vector
The map displays a wind vector arrow in the upper right-hand portion of the screen. Wind vector information
is displayed as a white arrow pointing in the direction in which the wind is moving for wind speeds greater than
or equal to 1 kt.
Wind Direction
Wind Speed
Figure 5-26 Navigation Map - Wind Vector
Note: The wind vector is not displayed until the aircraft is moving. It is not displayed on the Waypoint
Information pages.
Displaying/removing the wind vector:
1) Press the MENU Key with the Navigation Map Page displayed. The cursor flashes on the ‘Map Setup’ option.
2) Press the ENT Key. The Map Setup Menu is displayed.
3) Select the ‘Map’ group.
4) Press the ENT Key.
5) Highlight the ‘WIND VECTOR’ field.
6) Select ‘On’ or ‘Off’.
7) Press the FMS Knob to return to the Navigation Map Page.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
195
Flight Management
Nav Range Ring
The Nav Range Ring shows the direction of travel (ground track) on a rotating compass card. The range is
determined by the map range. The range is 1/4 of the map range (e.g., 37.5 nm on a 150 nm map).
Range (radius)
Nav Range Ring
Figure 5-27 Navigation Map - Nav Range Ring
Note: The Nav Range Ring is not displayed on the Waypoint Information pages, Nearest pages, or Direct-to
Window map.
Displaying/removing the Nav Range Ring:
1) Press the MENU Key with the Navigation Map Page displayed. The cursor flashes on the ‘Map Setup’ option.
2) Press the ENT Key. The Map Setup Menu is displayed.
3) Select the ‘Map’ group.
4) Press the ENT Key.
5) Highlight the ‘NAV RANGE RING’ field.
6) Select ‘On’ or ‘Off’.
7) Press the FMS Knob to return to the Navigation Map Page.
Note: The Nav Range Ring is referenced to either magnetic or true north, based on the selection on the AUX
- System Setup Page.
196
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Flight Management
Fuel Range Ring
The map can display a fuel range ring which shows the remaining flight distance. A dashed green circle
indicates the selected range to reserve fuel. A solid green circle indicates the total endurance range. If only
reserve fuel remains, the range is indicated by a solid yellow circle.
Time to Reserve Fuel
Total Endurance Range
Range to Reserve Fuel
Figure 5-28 Navigation Map - Fuel Range Ring
Displaying/removing the fuel range ring and selecting a fuel range time:
1) Press the MENU Key with the Navigation Map Page displayed. The cursor flashes on the ‘Map Setup’ option.
2) Press the ENT Key. The Map Setup Menu is displayed.
3) Select the ‘Map’ group.
4) Press the ENT Key.
5) Highlight the ‘FUEL RNG (RSV)’ field.
6) Select ‘On’ or ‘Off’.
7) Highlight the fuel reserve time field. This time should be set to the amount of flight time equal to the amount
of fuel reserve desired.
8) To change the reserve fuel time, enter a time (00:00 to 23:59; hours:minutes). The default setting is 00:45
minutes.
9) Press the ENT Key.
10) Press the FMS Knob to return to the Navigation Map Page.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
197
Flight Management
Field of View (SVS)
The map can display the boundaries of the PFD Synthetic Vision System (SVS) lateral field of view. The field
of view is shown as two dashed lines forming a V shape in front of the aircraft symbol on the map. This is only
available if SVS is installed on the aircraft.
Lateral Field
of View
Boundaries
Figure 5-29 Navigation Map - Field of View
Displaying/removing the field of view:
1) Press the MENU Key with the Navigation Map Page displayed. The cursor flashes on the ‘Map Setup’ option.
2) Press the ENT Key. The Map Setup Menu is displayed.
3) Select the ‘Map’ group.
4) Press the ENT Key.
5) Highlight the ‘FIELD OF VIEW’ field.
6) Select ‘On’ or ‘Off’.
7) Press the FMS Knob to return to the Navigation Map Page.
198
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Flight Management
Selected Altitude Intercept Arc
The map can display the location along the current track where the aircraft will intercept the selected altitude.
The location will be shown as a light blue arc when the aircraft is actually climbing or descending.
Range to
Altitude Arc
Figure 5-30 Navigation Map - Range to Altitude Arc
Displaying/removing the selected altitude intercept arc:
1) Press the MENU Key with the Navigation Map Page displayed. The cursor flashes on the ‘Map Setup’ option.
2) Press the ENT Key. The Map Setup Menu is displayed.
3) Select the ‘Map’ group.
4) Press the ENT Key.
5) Highlight the ‘SEL ALT ARC’ field.
6) Select ‘On’ or ‘Off’.
7) Press the FMS Knob to return to the Navigation Map Page.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
199
Flight Management
5.3 Waypoints
Waypoints are predetermined geographical positions (internal database) or pilot-entered positions, and are
used for all phases of flight planning and navigation.
Communication and navigation frequencies can be tuned “automatically” from various Waypoint Information
(WPT) pages, Nearest (NRST) pages, and the Nearest Airports Window (on PFD). This auto-tuning feature
simplifies frequency entry over manual tuning. Refer to the Audio Panel and CNS section for details on autotuning.
Waypoints can be selected by entering the ICAO identifier, entering the name of the facility, or by entering the
city name. See the System Overview section for detailed instructions on entering data. As a waypoint identifier,
facility name, or location is entered, the Spell’N’Find™ feature scrolls through the database, displaying those
waypoints matching the characters which have been entered to that point. A direct-to navigation leg to the
selected waypoint can be initiated by pressing the Direct-to Key on any of the waypoint pages.
Identifier Entry Field
City Entry Field
Facility
Entry
Field
Map Area Showing
Entered Waypoint
- Waypoint Identifier
- Type (symbol)
- Facility Name
- City
Entered Waypoint on
Map
Waypoint Location
Figure 5-31 Waypoint Information Window
If duplicate entries exist for the entered facility name or location, additional entries may be viewed by continuing
to turn the small FMS Knob during the selection process. If duplicate entries exist for an identifier, a Duplicate
Waypoints Window is displayed when the ENT Key is pressed.
200
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Flight Management
Identifier with
Duplicates
Duplicate
Waypoints
Duplicate
Message
Figure 5-32 Waypoint Information Window - Duplicate Identifier
Airports
Note: ‘North Up’ orientation on the Airport Information Page cannot be changed; the pilot needs to be
aware of proper orientation if the Navigation Map orientation is different from the Airport Information Page
Map.
The Airport Information Page is the first page in WPT group and allows the pilot to view airport information,
load frequencies (COM, NAV, and lighting), review runways, and review instrument procedures that may be
involved in the flight plan. See the Audio Panel and CNS Section for more information on loading frequencies
(auto-tuning). After engine startup, the Airport Information Page defaults to the airport where the aircraft is
located. After a flight plan has been loaded, it defaults to the destination airport. On a flight plan with multiple
airports, it defaults to the airport which is the current active waypoint.
In addition to displaying a map of the currently selected airport and surrounding area, the Airport Information
Page displays airport information in three boxes labeled ‘AIRPORT’, ‘RUNWAYS’, and ‘FREQUENCIES’. For
airports with multiple runways, information for each runway is available. This information is viewed on the
Airport Information Page by pressing the INFO softkey until INFO-1 is displayed.
The following descriptions and abbreviations are used on the Airport Information Page:
• Usage type: Public, Military, Private, or Heliport
• Runway surface type: Hard, Turf, Sealed, Gravel, Dirt, Soft, Unknown, or Water
• Runway lighting type: No Lights, Part Time, Full Time, Unknown, or PCL Freq (for pilot-controlled
lighting)
• COM Availability: TX (transmit only), RX (receive only), PT (part time), i (additional information available)
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
201
Flight Management
Airport Information
- ID/Facility/City
- Usage Type/Region
- Lat/Long/Elev
- Fuel Available
- Time Zone (UTC Offset)
Navigation Map
Showing Selected
Airport
Runway Information
- Designation
- Length/Width/Surface
- Lighting Available
Airport/Runway
Diagram
COM/NAV Freq. Info.
- Identification
- Frequency
- Availability
- Additional Information
Softkeys
Figure 5-33 Airport Information Page
The AOPA directory information is viewed on the Airport Directory Page by pressing the INFO softkey until
INFO-2 is displayed. The following are types of AOPA airport directory information shown (if available) on
the Airport Directory Page:
• Airport:
Identifier, Site
Number, Name, City, State
• Phones: Phone/Fax Numbers
• Hours: Facility Hours, Light
Hours, Tower Hours, Beacon
Hours
• Location: Sectional, Magnetic
Variation
• Frequencies: Type/Frequency
• Transportation:
Ground
Transportation Type Available
• Approach: Approach Facility
Name, Frequency, Frequency
Parameter
202
• Traffic Pattern Altitudes
(TPA): Aircraft Class/Altitude
• Weather:
Service Type,
Frequency, Phone Number
• Flight Service Station (FSS):
FSS Name, Phone Numbers
• Runway: Headings, Length,
Width, Obstructions, Surface
• Obstructions: General Airport
Obstructions
• Special
Operations
at
Airport
• Instrument
Approaches:
Published
Approach,
Frequency
• NAVAIDS: Type, Identifier,
Frequency, Radial, Distance
• Noise:
Noise Abatement
Procedures
• Charts: Low Altitude Chart
Number
• Services Available: Category,
Specific Service
• Notes: Airport Notes
• Pilot Controlled Lighting:
High/Med/Low Clicks/Second
• FBO:
Type, Frequencies,
Services, Fees, Fuel, Credit
Cards, Phone/Fax Numbers
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Flight Management
Airport Information
Airport Directory
Information
- ID/Facility/City
- Usage Type/Region
Softkeys
Figure 5-34 Airport Directory Page Example
Selecting an airport for review by identifier, facility name, or location:
1) From the Airport Information Page, press the FMS Knob.
2) Use the FMS Knobs and enter an identifier, facility name, or location.
3) Press the ENT Key.
4) Press the FMS Knob to remove the cursor.
Selecting a runway:
1) With the Airport Information Page displayed, press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to place the cursor in the ‘RUNWAYS’ Box, on the runway designator.
3) Turn the small FMS Knob to display the desired runway (if more than one) for the selected airport.
4) To remove the flashing cursor, press the FMS Knob.
Viewing a destination airport:
From the Airport Information Page press the MENU Key. Select ‘View Destination Airport’. The Destination
Airport is displayed.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
203
Flight Management
The Airport Frequencies Box uses the descriptions and abbreviations listed in the following table:
Communication Frequencies
Approach * Control
Pre-Taxi
Arrival *
CTA *
Radar
ASOS
Departure * Ramp
ATIS
Gate
Terminal *
AWOS
Ground
TMA *
Center
Helicopter
Tower
Class B *
Multicom
TRSA *
Class C *
Other
Unicom
Clearance
Navigation Frequencies
ILS
LOC
* May include Additional Information
Table 5-5 Airport Frequency Abbreviations
A departure, arrival, or approach can be loaded using the softkeys on the Airport Information Page. See the
Procedures section for details. METARs or TAFs applicable to the selected airport can be selected for display (see
the Hazard Avoidance section for details about weather).
The system provides a NRST Softkey on the PFD, which gives the pilot quick access to nearest airport
information (very useful if an immediate landing is required). The Nearest Airports Window displays a list of
up to the 25 nearest airports (three entries can be displayed at one time). If there are more than three they are
displayed in a scrollable list. If there are no nearest airports available, “NONE WITHIN 200NM” is displayed.
Bearing/Distance to Airport
Airport Identifier/
Type
Approach Available
Length of Longest
Runway
COM Freq. Info.
- Identification
- Frequency
Additional Airports
(within 200 nm)
NRST Softkey
Figure 5-35 Nearest Airports Window on PFD
204
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Flight Management
Pressing the ENT Key displays the PFD Airport Information Window for the highlighted airport. Pressing the
ENT Key again returns to the Nearest Airports Window with the cursor on the next airport in the list. Continued
presses of the ENT Key sequences through the information pages for all airports in the Nearest Airports list.
Airport Information
- ID/Type/City
- Facility
Airport Information
- Usage/Time/Elev
- Region
Airport Information
- Lat/Long
Figure 5-36 Airport Information Window on PFD
The Nearest Airports Page on the MFD is first in the group of NRST pages because of its potential use in
the event of an in-flight emergency. In addition to displaying a map of the currently selected airport and
surrounding area, the page displays nearest airport information in five boxes labeled ‘NEAREST AIRPORTS’,
‘INFORMATION’, ‘RUNWAYS’, ‘FREQUENCIES’, and ‘APPROACHES’.
The selected airport is indicated by a white arrow, and a dashed white line is drawn on the navigation map
from the aircraft position to the nearest airport. Up to five nearest airports, one runway, up to five frequencies,
and up to six approaches are visible at one time. If there are more than can be shown, each list can be scrolled.
If there are no items for display in a boxed area, text indicating that fact is displayed. The currently selected
airport remains in the list until it is unselected.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
205
Flight Management
Nearest Airports
- ID/Type
- Bearing/Distance
Nearest Airport
Airport Information
- Facility/City/Elevation
Runway Information
- Designation/Surface
- Length/Width
COM/NAV Freq. Info.
- Identification
- Frequency
Navigation Map
Showing Nearest
Airport
Approaches Available
Window Selection
Softkeys
Figure 5-37 Nearest Airport Page
LD APR Softkey (only
available if an approach
is highlighted)
Viewing information for a nearest airport on the PFD:
1) Select the NRST Softkey to display the Nearest Airports Window. Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
2) Highlight the airport identifier with the FMS Knob and press the ENT Key to display the Airport Information
Window.
3) To return to the Nearest Airports Window press the ENT Key (with the cursor on ‘BACK’) or press the CLR
Key. The cursor is now on the next airport in the nearest airports list. (Repeatedly pressing the ENT Key
moves through the airport list, alternating between the Nearest Airports Window and the Airport Information
Window.)
4) Press the CLR Key or the NRST Softkey to close the PFD Nearest Airports Window.
Viewing information for a nearest airport on the MFD:
1) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the NRST page group.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the Nearest Airports Page (it is the first page of the group, so it may already
be selected). If there are no Nearest Airports available, “NONE WITHIN 200 NM” is displayed.
3) Select the APT Softkey; or press the FMS Knob; or press the MENU Key, highlight ‘Select Airport Window’ and
press the ENT Key. The cursor is placed in the ‘NEAREST AIRPORTS’ Box. The first airport in the nearest airports
list is highlighted.
4) Turn the FMS Knob to highlight the desired airport. (Pressing the ENT Key also moves to the next airport.)
5) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
206
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Flight Management
Viewing runway information for a specific airport:
1) With the Nearest Airports Page displayed, select the RNWY Softkey; or press the MENU Key, highlight ‘Select
Runway Window’; and press the ENT Key. The cursor is placed in the ‘RUNWAYS’ Box.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the desired runway.
3) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
See the Audio Panel and CNS Section for frequency selection and the Procedures section for approaches.
The Nearest Airports Box on the System Setup Page defines the minimum runway length and surface type
used when determining the 25 nearest airports to display on the MFD Nearest Airports Page. A minimum
runway length and/or surface type can be entered to prevent airports with small runways or runways that are
not appropriately surfaced from being displayed. Default settings are 0 feet (or meters) for runway length and
“HARD/SOFT” for runway surface type.
Selecting nearest airport surface matching criteria:
1) Use the FMS Knob to select the System Setup Page.
2) Press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the runway surface field in the Nearest Airports Box.
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the desired runway option (ANY, HARD ONLY, HARD/SOFT).
5) Press the ENT Key.
6) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
Selecting nearest airport minimum runway length matching criteria:
1) Use the FMS Knob to select the System Setup Page.
2) Press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the minimum length field in the Nearest Airport Box.
4) Use the FMS Knob to enter the minimum runway length (zero to 25,000 feet) and press the ENT Key.
5) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
Nearest Airport Criteria
- Type of Runway Surface
- Minimum Runway Length
Figure 5-38 System Setup Page - Nearest Airport Selection Criteria
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
207
Flight Management
Intersections
Note: The VOR displayed on the Intersection Information Page is the nearest VOR, not necessarily the VOR
used to define the intersection.
The Intersection Information Page is used to view information about intersections. In addition to displaying
a map of the currently selected intersection and surrounding area, the Intersection Information Page displays
intersection information in three boxes labeled ‘INTERSECTION’, ‘INFORMATION’, and ‘NEAREST VOR’.
Intersection Identifier
Intersection Info
- Region
- Lat/Long
Navigation Map
Showing Selected
Intersection
Nearest VOR Info
- Identifier/Type (symbol)
- Radial to VOR
- Distance to VOR
Selected
Intersection
Figure 5-39 Intersection Information Page
Selecting an intersection:
1) With the Intersection Information Page displayed, enter an identifier in the Intersection Box.
2) Press the ENT Key.
3) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
Or:
1) With the Nearest Intersections Page displayed, press the FMS Knob.
2) Press the ENT Key or turn either FMS Knob to select an identifier in the Nearest Intersection Box.
3) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
208
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Flight Management
The Nearest Intersections Page can be used to quickly find an intersection close to the flight path. In addition
to displaying a map of the surrounding area, the page displays information for up to 25 nearest intersections in
three boxes labeled ‘NEAREST INT’, ‘INFORMATION’, and ‘REFERENCE VOR’.
The selected intersection is indicated by a white arrow. Up to sixteen intersections are visible at a time. If
there are more than can be shown, the list can be scrolled. If there are no items for display, text indicating that
fact is displayed.
Note: The list only includes waypoints that are within 200 nm.
Intersection Information
- Identifier/Symbol
- Bearing/Distance to
intersection from
aircraft position
Navigation Map
Showing Nearest
Intersection
Intersection Lat/Long
Reference VOR Info
Nearest Intersection
- Identifier/Type (symbol)
- VOR Frequency
- Bearing/Distance to VOR
Figure 5-40 Nearest Intersections Page
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
209
Flight Management
NDBs
The NDB Information Page is used to view information about NDBs. In addition to displaying a map of
the currently selected NDB and surrounding area, the page displays NDB information in four boxes labeled
‘NDB’, ‘INFORMATION’, ‘FREQUENCY’, and ‘NEAREST AIRPORT’.
NDB Identifier/Type
- Facility Name
- Nearest City
NDB Information
- Type
- Region
- Lat/Long
Navigation Map
Showing Selected
NDB
NDB Frequency
Nearest Airport Info
Selected NDB
- Identifier/Type (symbol)
- Bearing/Distance to
Airport
Figure 5-41 NDB Information Page
Note: Compass locator (LOM, LMM): a low power, low or medium frequency radio beacon installed in
conjunction with the instrument landing system. When LOM is used, the locator is at the Outer Marker;
when LMM is used, the locator is at the Middle Marker.
Selecting an NDB:
1) With the NDB Information Page displayed, enter an identifier, the name of the NDB, or the city in which it’s
located in the NDB Box.
2) Press the ENT Key.
3) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
Or:
1) With the Nearest NDB Page displayed, press the FMS Knob.
2) Press the ENT Key or turn either FMS Knob to select an identifier in the Nearest NDB Box.
3) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
210
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Flight Management
The Nearest NDB Page can be used to quickly find a NDB close to the flight path. In addition to displaying
a map of the surrounding area, the page displays information for up to 25 nearest NDBs in three boxes labeled
‘NEAREST NDB’, ‘INFORMATION’, and ‘FREQUENCY’.
A white arrow before the NDB identifier indicates the selected NDB. Up to sixteen NDBs are visible at a time.
If there are more than can be shown, each list can be scrolled. The list only includes waypoints that are within
200nm. If there are no NDBs in the list, text indicating that there are no nearest NDBs is displayed. If there are
no nearest NDBs in the list, the information and frequency fields are dashed.
NDB Identifier/Symbol
- Bearing/Distance to
NDB from aircraft
position
Navigation Map
Showing Selected
NDB
Nearest NDB
NDB Information
- Facility Name/City
- Type
- Lat/Long
NDB Frequency
Figure 5-42 Nearest NDB Page
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
211
Flight Management
VORs
The VOR Information Page can be used to view information about VOR and ILS signals (since ILS signals
can be received on a NAV receiver), or to quickly auto-tune a VOR or ILS frequency. Localizer information
cannot be viewed on the VOR Information Page. If a VOR station is combined with a TACAN station it is
listed as a VORTAC on the VOR Information Page and if it includes only DME, it is displayed as VOR-DME.
In addition to displaying a map of the currently selected VOR and surrounding area, the VOR Information
Page displays VOR information in four boxes labeled ‘VOR’, ‘INFORMATION’, ‘FREQUENCY’, and ‘NEAREST
AIRPORT’.
VOR Identifier/Type
- Facility Name
- Nearest City
VOR Information
Navigation Map
Showing Selected
VOR
- Class/Magnetic Variation
- Region
- Lat/Long
VOR Frequency
Nearest Airport Info
Selected VOR
- Identifier/Type (symbol)
- Bearing/Distance to
Airport
Figure 5-43 VOR Information Page
The VOR classes used in the VOR information box are: LOW ALTITUDE, HIGH ALTITUDE, and
TERMINAL.
Selecting a VOR:
1) With the VOR Information Page displayed, enter an identifier, the name of the VOR, or the city in which it’s
located in the VOR Box.
2) Press the ENT Key.
3) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
Or:
1) With the Nearest VOR Page displayed, press the FMS Knob or press the VOR Softkey.
2) Press the ENT Key or turn either FMS Knob to select an identifier in the Nearest VOR Box.
3) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
212
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Flight Management
Or:
1) With the Nearest VOR Page displayed, press the MENU Key.
2) Highlight ‘Select VOR Window’, and press the ENT Key.
3) Press the ENT Key or turn either FMS Knob to select an identifier in the Nearest VOR Box.
4) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
The Nearest VOR Page can be used to quickly find a VOR station close to the aircraft. Also, a NAV frequency
from a selected VOR station can be loaded from the Nearest VOR Page. In addition to displaying a map of
the surrounding area, the Nearest VOR Page displays information for up to 25 nearest VOR stations in three
boxes labeled ‘NEAREST VOR’, ‘INFORMATION’, and ‘FREQUENCY’. The list only includes waypoints that
are within 200 nm.
A white arrow before the VOR identifier indicates the selected VOR. Up to sixteen VORs are visible at a
time. If there are more than can be shown, each list can be scrolled. If there are no VORs in the list, text
indicating that there are no nearest VORs is displayed. If there are no nearest VORs in the list, the information
is dashed.
VOR Identifier/Symbol
- Bearing/Distance to VOR
from aircraft position
Navigation Map
Showing Nearest
VOR
VOR Information
- Facility Name/City
- Class/Magnetic Variation
- Lat/Long
Nearest VOR
VOR Frequency
Figure 5-44 Nearest VOR Page
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
213
Flight Management
User Waypoints
The system can create and store up to 1,000 user-defined waypoints. User waypoints can be created from any
map page (except PFD Inset Map, AUX-Trip Planning Page, or Procedure Pages) by selecting a position on the
map using the Joystick, or from the User Waypoint Information Page by referencing a bearing/distance from
an existing waypoint, bearings from two existing waypoints, or entering a latitude/longitude. Once a waypoint
has been created, it can be renamed, deleted, or moved. Temporary user waypoints are erased upon system
power down.
User Waypoint Info
- Identifier
- Temporary/Normal
- Waypoint Type
User Wpt Comment
Navigation Map
Showing Selected
User Waypoint
Reference Wpt/Info
Selected User
Waypoint
User Waypoint List
- Identifier/Rad/Dist or
- Identifiers/Radials or
- Region/Lat/Long
- Identifier
- Comment
# User Wpts Used
Displayed if User Wpt
was created on map
page
Softkeys
Figure 5-45 User Waypoint Information Page
Selecting a User Waypoint:
1) With the User Waypoint Information Page displayed, enter the name of the User Waypoint, or scroll to the
desired waypoint in the User Waypoint List using the large FMS Knob.
2) Press the ENT Key.
3) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
Or:
1) With the Nearest User Waypoints Page displayed, press the FMS Knob.
2) Press the ENT Key or turn either FMS Knob to select an identifier in the Nearest USR Box.
3) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
214
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Flight Management
Nearest User Wpt List
- Identifier
- Bearing/Distance from
aircraft position
Navigation Map
Showing Selected
User Waypoint
User Waypoint Info
Selected User
Waypoint
- Comment
- Lat/Long
Reference Wpt Info
- Identifier
- Radial/Distance
Figure 5-46 Nearest User Waypoint Page
Creating User Waypoints
User waypoints can be created from the User Waypoint Information Page in the following ways:
Creating user waypoints from the User Waypoint Information Page:
1) Press the NEW Softkey, or press the MENU Key and select ‘Create New User Waypoint’.
2) Enter a user waypoint name (up to six characters).
3) Press the ENT Key. The current aircraft position is the default location of the new waypoint.
4) If desired, define the type and location of the waypoint in one of the following ways:
a) Select “RAD/RAD” using the small FMS Knob, press the ENT Key, and enter the two reference waypoint
identifiers and radials into the REFERENCE WAYPOINTS window using the FMS Knobs.
Or:
b) Select “RAD/DIS” using the small FMS Knob, press the ENT Key, and enter the reference waypoint identifier,
the radial, and the distance into the REFERENCE WAYPOINTS window using the FMS Knobs.
Or:
c) Select “LAT/LON” using the small FMS Knob, press the ENT Key, and enter the latitude and longitude into
the INFORMATION window using the FMS Knobs.
5) Press the ENT Key to accept the new waypoint.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
215
Flight Management
6) If desired, change the storage method of the waypoint to “TEMPORARY” or “NORMAL” by moving the cursor
to “TEMPORARY” and selecting the ENT Key to check or uncheck the box.
7) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
Or:
1) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
2) Enter a user waypoint name (up to six characters).
3) Press the ENT Key. The message ‘Are you sure you want to create the new User Waypoint AAAAAA?’ is
displayed.
4) With ‘YES’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
5) If desired, define the type and location of the waypoint in one of the following ways:
a) Select “RAD/RAD” using the small FMS Knob, press the ENT Key, and enter the two reference waypoint
identifiers and radials into the REFERENCE WAYPOINTS window using the FMS Knobs.
Or:
b) Select “RAD/DIS” using the small FMS Knob, press the ENT Key, and enter the reference waypoint identifier,
the radial, and the distance into the REFERENCE WAYPOINTS window using the FMS Knobs.
Or:
c) Select “LAT/LON” using the small FMS Knob, press the ENT Key, and enter the latitude and longitude into
the INFORMATION window using the FMS Knobs.
6) Press the ENT Key to accept the new waypoint.
7) If desired, change the storage method of the waypoint to “TEMPORARY” or “NORMAL” by moving the cursor
to “TEMPORARY” and selecting the ENT Key to check or uncheck the box.
8) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
Figure 5-47 User Waypoint Information Page Menu
Creating user waypoints from map pages:
1) Press the Joystick to activate the panning function and pan to the map location of the desired user waypoint.
2) Press the ENT Key. The User Waypoint Information Page is displayed with the captured position.
216
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Flight Management
Note: If the pointer has highlighted a map database feature, one of three things happens upon pressing
the ENT Key: 1) information about the selected feature is displayed instead of initiating a new waypoint,
2) a menu pops up allowing a choice between ‘Review Airspaces’ or ‘Create User Waypoint’, or 3) a new
waypoint is initiated with the default name being the selected map item.
3) Enter a user waypoint name (up to six characters).
4) Press the ENT Key to accept the selected name.
5) If desired, define the type and location of the waypoint in one of the following ways:
a) Select “RAD/RAD” using the small FMS Knob, press the ENT Key, and enter the two reference waypoint
identifiers and radials into the REFERENCE WAYPOINTS window using the FMS Knobs.
Or:
b) Select “RAD/DIS” using the small FMS Knob, press the ENT Key, and enter the reference waypoint identifier,
the radial, and the distance into the REFERENCE WAYPOINTS window using the FMS Knobs.
Or:
c) Select “LAT/LON” using the small FMS Knob, press the ENT Key, and enter the latitude and longitude into
the INFORMATION window using the FMS Knobs.
6) Press the ENT Key to accept the new waypoint.
7) If desired, change the storage method of the waypoint to “TEMPORARY” or “NORMAL” by moving the cursor
to “TEMPORARY” and selecting the ENT Key to check or uncheck the box.
8) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
9) Press the GO BACK Softkey to return to the map page.
Editing User Waypoints
Editing a user waypoint comment or location:
1) With the User Waypoint Information Page displayed, press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
2) Select a user waypoint in the User Waypoint List, if required, and press the ENT Key.
3) Move the cursor to the desired field.
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to make any changes.
5) Press the ENT Key to accept the changes.
6) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
217
Flight Management
Renaming user waypoints:
1) Highlight a user waypoint in the User Waypoint List. Select the RENAME Softkey, or press the MENU Key and
select ‘Rename User Waypoint’.
2) Enter a new name.
3) Press the ENT Key. The message ‘Do you want to rename the user waypoint AAAAAA to BBBBBB?’ is
displayed.
4) With ‘YES’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
5) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
Changing the location of an existing waypoint to the aircraft present position:
1) Enter a waypoint name or select the waypoint in the User Waypoint List, then press the ENT Key.
2) Press the MENU Key.
3) Select ‘Use Present Position’.
4) Press the ENT Key twice. The new waypoint’s location is saved.
5) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
A system generated comment for a user waypoint incorporates the reference waypoint identifier, bearing,
and distance. If a system generated comment has been edited, a new comment can be generated.
Resetting the comment field to the system generated comment:
1) Enter a waypoint name or select the waypoint in the User Waypoint List, then press the ENT Key.
2) Press the MENU Key.
3) Select ‘Auto Comment’.
4) Press the ENT Key. The generated comment is based on the reference point used to define the waypoint.
The default type of user waypoint (normal or temporary) can be changed using the user waypoint information
page menu. Temporary user waypoints are automatically deleted upon the next power cycle.
Changing the user waypoint storage duration default setting:
1) With the User Waypoint Information Page displayed, press the MENU Key.
2) Move the cursor to select ‘Waypoint Setup’, and press the ENT Key.
3) Select ‘NORMAL’ or ‘TEMPORARY’ as desired, and press the ENT Key.
4) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor and return to the User Waypoint Information Page.
218
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Flight Management
Deleting User Waypoints
Deleting a single user waypoint:
1) Highlight a User Waypoint in the User Waypoint List, or enter a waypoint in the User Waypoint field.
2) Press the DELETE Softkey or press the CLR Key. ‘Yes’ is highlighted in the confirmation window.
3) Press the ENT Key.
4) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
Or:
1) Highlight a User Waypoint in the User Waypoint List, or enter a waypoint in the User Waypoint field.
2) Press the MENU Key.
3) Select ‘Delete User Waypoint’.
4) Press the ENT Key twice to confirm the selection.
5) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
Note: The option to ‘Delete All User Waypoints’ is not available while the aircraft is in flight.
Deleting all user waypoints:
1) Highlight a User Waypoint in the User Waypoint List.
2) Press the MENU Key.
3) Select ‘Delete All User Waypoints’.
4) Press the ENT Key twice to confirm the selection.
5) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
219
Flight Management
5.4Airspaces
The system can display the following types of airspaces: Class B/TMA, Class C/TCA, Class D, Restricted, MOA
(Military), Other Airspace, Air Defense Identification Zone (ADIZ), and Temporary Flight Restriction (TFR).
Class D Airspace
MOA (Military)
Class B Airspace
Restricted Area
Alert Area
Class C Airspace
ADIZ
Warning Area
Figure 5-48 Airspaces
220
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Flight Management
The Nearest Airspaces Page, Airspace Alerts Window, and Airspace Alerts on the PFD provide additional
information about airspaces and the location of the aircraft in relationship to them.
The Airspace Alerts Box allows the pilot to turn the controlled/special-use airspace message alerts on or off.
This does not affect the alerts listed on the Nearest Airspaces Page or the airspace boundaries depicted on the
Navigation Map Page. It simply turns on/off the warning provided when the aircraft is approaching or near an
airspace.
An altitude buffer is also provided which “expands” the vertical range above or below an airspace. For example,
if the buffer is set at 500 feet, and the aircraft is more than 500 feet above/below an airspace, an alert message is
not generated, but if the aircraft is less than 500 feet above/below an airspace and projected to enter it, the pilot
is notified with an alert message. The default setting for the altitude buffer is 200 feet.
Changing the altitude buffer distance setting:
1) Use the FMS Knob to select the AUX - System Setup Page.
2) Press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the altitude buffer field in the Airspace Alerts Box.
4) Use the FMS Knob to enter an altitude buffer value and press the ENT Key.
5) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
Turning an airspace alert on or off:
1) Use the FMS Knob to select the AUX - System Setup Page.
2) Press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the desired field in the Airspace Alerts Box.
4) Turn the small FMS Knob clockwise to turn the airspace alert ON or counterclockwise to turn the alert OFF.
5) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
221
Flight Management
Airspace Alerts Box
- Airspace Altitude Buffer
- Alert On/Off
(Default Settings Shown)
DFLTS Softkey
Figure 5-49 System Setup Page - Airspace Alerts
Map ranges for the airspace boundaries are selected from the Aviation Group in the Map Setup Menu. See Table
5-2 for the default and maximum ranges for each type of airspace and the symbol used to define the airspace
area.
The Nearest Airspaces Page can be used to quickly find airspaces close to the flight path. In addition, a selected
frequency associated with the airspace can be loaded from the Nearest Airspaces Page. In addition to displaying
a map of airspace boundaries and surrounding area, the Nearest Airspaces Page displays airspace information in
four boxes labeled ‘AIRSPACE ALERTS’, ‘AIRSPACE, AGENCY’, ‘VERTICAL LIMITS’, and ‘FREQUENCIES’.
222
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Flight Management
Airspace Alerts Info
- Name
- Proximity (Ahead, Inside,
Ahead < 2nm,
Within 2nm)
- Time till Intercept (only if
Ahead or Ahead < 2nm)
Airspace/Agency Info
- Airspace Type
- Controlling Agency
Airspace Vertical Limits
Airspace 1
- Ceiling
- Floor
Associated Frequencies
- Type
- Availability/Info
- Frequency
Softkeys
Figure 5-50 Nearest Airspaces Page
Airspace alerts and associated frequencies are shown in scrollable lists on the Nearest Airspaces Page. The
ALERTS and FREQ softkeys place the cursor in the respective list. The FREQ Softkey is enabled only if one or
more frequencies exist for a selected airspace.
Selecting and viewing an airspace alert with its associated information:
1) Select the Nearest Airspaces Page.
2) Select the ALERTS Softkey; or press the FMS Knob; or press the MENU Key, highlight ‘Select Alerts Window’,
and press the ENT Key. The cursor is placed in the ‘AIRSPACE ALERTS’ Box.
3) Select the desired airspace.
4) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
Pressing the PFD MSG Softkey displays the message window on the PFD. The following airspace alerts are
displayed in the message window:
Message
INSIDE ARSPC – Inside airspace.
ARSPC AHEAD – Airspace ahead –
less than 10 minutes.
ARSPC NEAR – Airspace near and
ahead.
ARSPC NEAR – Airspace near –
less than 2 nm.
Comments
The aircraft is inside the airspace.
Special use airspace is ahead of aircraft. The aircraft penetrates the airspace within 10
minutes.
Special use airspace is near and ahead of the aircraft position.
Special use airspace is within 2 nm of the aircraft position.
Table 5-6 PFD Airspace Alert Messages
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
223
Flight Management
5.5 Direct-to-Navigation
The Direct-to method of navigation, initiated by pressing the Direct-to Key on either the MFD or PFD, is
quicker to use than a flight plan when the desire is to navigate to a single point such as a nearby airport.
Once a direct-to is activated, the system establishes a point-to-point course line from the present position to the
selected direct-to destination. Course guidance is provided until the direct-to is replaced with a new direct-to or
flight plan, or cancelled.
A vertical navigation (VNV) direct-to creates a descent path (and provides guidance to stay on the path) from
the current altitude to a selected altitude at the direct-to waypoint. Vertical navigation is based on barometric
altitudes, not on GPS altitude, and is used for cruise and descent phases of flight.
The Direct-to Window allows selection and activation of direct-to navigation. The Direct-to Window displays
selected direct-to waypoint data on the PFD and the MFD.
Direct-to Point Info
- Identifier/Symbol/Region
- Facility Name
- City
VNV Constraints
- Altitude at Arrival
- Along Track Offset
Map of Selected Point
Location of Destination
- Bearing/Distance
Desired Course
Figure 5-51 Direct-to Window - MFD
224
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Flight Management
Direct-to Point Info
- Identifier/Symbol/City
- Facility Name
VNV Constraints
- Altitude at Arrival
- Along Track Offset
Direct-to Point Info
- Bearing/Distance
- Desired Course
Activation Command
Figure 5-52 Direct-to Window - PFD
Any waypoint can be entered as a direct-to destination from the Direct-to Window.
Entering a waypoint identifier, facility name, or city as a direct-to destination:
1) Press the Direct-to Key. The Direct-to Window is displayed (with the active flight plan wayoint as the default
selection or a blank waypoint field if no flight plan is active).
2) Turn the small FMS Knob clockwise to begin entering a waypoint identifier (turning it counter-clockwise brings
up the waypoint selection submenu - press the CLR Key to remove it), or turn the large FMS Knob to select the
facility name, or city field and turn the small FMS Knob to begin entering a facility name or city. If duplicate
entries exist for the entered facility or city name, additional entries can be viewed by turning the small FMS
Knob during the selection process.
3) Press the ENT Key. The ‘Activate?’ field is highlighted.
4) Press the ENT Key to activate the direct-to.
Any waypoint contained in the active flight plan can be selected as a direct-to waypoint from the Direct-to
Window, the Active Flight Plan Page, or the Active Flight Plan Window.
Waypoint Submenu
- Flight Plan Waypoints
- Nearest Airports
- Recent Waypoints
- User Waypoints
- Airway Waypoints
(only available when
active leg is part of an
airway)
Figure 5-53 Waypoint Submenu
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
225
Flight Management
Selecting an active flight plan waypoint as a direct-to destination:
1) While navigating an active flight plan, press the Direct-to Key. The Direct-to Window is displayed with the
active flight plan waypoint as the default selection.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob counter-clockwise to display a list of flight plan waypoints (the FPL list is populated
only when navigating a flight plan).
3) Select the desired waypoint.
4) Press the ENT Key. The cursor is now displayed on ‘ACTIVATE?’.
5) Press the ENT Key again to activate the direct-to.
Or:
1) Select the Active Flight Plan Page on the MFD, or the Active Flight Plan Window on the PFD.
2) Select the desired waypoint.
3) Press the Direct-to Key.
4) Press the ENT Key. The cursor is now displayed on ‘ACTIVATE?’.
5) Press the ENT Key again to activate the direct-to.
Any NRST, RECENT, USER, or AIRWAY waypoint can be selected as a direct-to destination in the Direct-to
Window.
Selecting a NRST, RECENT, USER, or AIRWAY waypoint as a direct-to destination:
1) Press the Direct-to Key. The Direct-to Window is displayed (with the active flight plan destination as the
default selection or a blank destination if no flight plan is active).
2) Turn the small FMS Knob counter-clockwise to display a list of flight plan waypoints (the FPL list is populated
only when navigating a flight plan).
3) Turn the small FMS Knob clockwise to display the NRST, RECENT, USER, or AIRWAY waypoints.
4) Turn the large FMS Knob clockwise to select the desired waypoint.
5) Press the ENT Key. The cursor is now displayed on ‘ACTIVATE?’.
6) Press the ENT Key again to activate the direct-to.
The Direct-to Window can be displayed from any page and allows selection and activation of direct-to navigation.
If the direct-to is initiated from any page except the WPT pages, the default waypoint is the active flight plan
waypoint (if a flight plan is active) or a blank waypoint field. Direct-to requests on any WPT page defaults to the
displayed waypoint.
Selecting any waypoint as a direct-to destination:
1) Select the page or window containing the desired waypoint type and select the desired waypoint.
2) Press the Direct-to Key to display the Direct-to Window with the selected waypoint as the direct-to
destination.
3) Press the ENT Key. The cursor is now displayed on ‘ACTIVATE?’.
4) Press the ENT Key again to activate the direct-to.
226
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Flight Management
Selecting a nearby airport as a direct-to destination:
1) Press the NRST Softkey on the PFD; or turn the FMS Knob to display the Nearest Airports Page and press the
FMS Knob.
2) Select the desired airport (the nearest one is already selected).
3) Press the Direct-to Key.
4) Press the ENT Key. The cursor is now displayed on ‘ACTIVATE?’.
5) Press the ENT Key again to activate the direct-to.
Direct-to destinations may also be selected by using the pointer on the navigation map pages. If no airport,
NAVAID, or user waypoint exists at the desired location, a temporary waypoint named ‘MAPWPT’ is automatically
created at the location of the map arrow.
Selecting a waypoint as a direct-to destination using the pointer:
1) From a navigation map page, press the Joystick to display the pointer.
2) Move the Joystick to place the pointer at the desired destination location.
3) If the pointer is placed on an existing airport, NAVAID, or user waypoint, the waypoint name is highlighted.
4) Press the Direct-to Key to display the Direct-to Window with the selected point entered as the direct-to
destination.
5) Press the ENT Key. The cursor is now displayed on ‘ACTIVATE?’.
6) Press the ENT Key again to activate the direct-to.
Cancelling a Direct-to:
1) Press the Direct-to Key to display the Direct-to Window.
2) Press the MENU Key.
3) With ‘Cancel Direct-To NAV’ highlighted, press the ENT Key. If a flight plan is still active, the system resumes
navigating the flight plan along the closest leg.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
227
Flight Management
Page Menu
- Cancel Direct-To
Navigation
Figure 5-54 Direct-to Window - Cancelling Direct-to Navigation
When navigating a direct-to, the system sets a direct great circle course to the selected destination. The course
to a destination can also be manually selected using the course field (‘COURSE’) on the Direct-to Window.
Selecting a manual direct-to course:
1) Press the Direct-to Key. The Direct-to Window is displayed with the destination field highlighted.
2) Highlight the course field.
3) Enter the desired course.
4) Press the ENT Key. The cursor is now displayed on ‘ACTIVATE?’.
5) Press the ENT Key again to activate the direct-to.
Reselecting the direct course from the current position:
1) Press the Direct-to Key. The Direct-to Window is displayed with the destination field highlighted.
2) Press the ENT Key. The cursor is now displayed on ‘ACTIVATE?’.
3) Press the ENT Key again to activate the direct-to.
A direct-to with altitude constraints creates a descent path (and provides guidance to stay on the path) from
the aircraft’s current altitude to the altitude of the direct-to waypoint. The altitude is reached at the waypoint,
or at the specified distance along the flight path if an offset distance has been entered. All VNV altitudes prior
to the direct-to destination are removed from the active flight plan upon successful activation of the direct-to.
All VNV altitudes following the direct-to waypoint are retained. See the section on Vertical Navigation for more
information regarding the use and purpose of VNV altitudes and offset distances.
228
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Flight Management
Entering a VNV altitude and along-track offset for the waypoint:
1) Press the Direct-to Key to display the Direct-to Window.
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to place the cursor over the ‘VNV’ altitude field.
3) Enter the desired altitude.
4) Press the ENT Key. The option to select MSL or AGL is now displayed.
5) Turn the small FMS Knob to select ‘MSL’ or ‘AGL’.
6) Press the ENT Key. The cursor is now flashing in the VNV offset distance field.
7) Enter the desired along-track distance before the waypoint.
8) Press the ENT Key. The ‘Activate?’ field is highlighted.
9) Press the ENT Key to activate.
Removing a VNV altitude constraint:
1) Press the Direct-to Key to display the Direct-to Window.
2) Press the MENU Key.
3) With ‘Clear Vertical Constraints’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
Page Menu
- Clear Vertical Navigation
Constraints
Figure 5-55 Direct-to Window - Clearing Vertical Constraints
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
229
Flight Management
5.6Flight Planning
Flight planning consists of building a flight plan by entering waypoints one at a time, adding waypoints along
airways, and inserting departures, airways, arrivals, or approaches as needed. The system allows flight planning
information to be entered from either the MFD or PFD. The flight plan is displayed on maps using different
line widths, colors, and types, based on the type of leg and the segment of the flight plan currently being flown
(departure, enroute, arrival, approach, or missed approach).
Flight Plan Leg Type
Symbol
Active non-heading Leg
Active heading Leg
Non-heading Leg in the current flight segment
Heading Leg not in the current flight segment
Non-heading Leg not in the active flight segment
Turn Anticipation Arc
Table 5-7 Flight Plan Leg Symbols
Up to 99 flight plans with up to 99 waypoints each can be created and stored in memory. One flight plan can be
activated at a time and becomes the active flight plan. The active flight plan is erased when the system is turned
off and overwritten when another flight plan is activated. When storing flight plans with an approach, departure,
or arrival, the system uses the waypoint information from the current database to define the waypoints. If the
database is changed or updated, the system automatically updates the information if the procedure has not been
modified. If an approach, departure, or arrival procedure is no longer available, the procedure is deleted from the
affected stored flight plan(s), and an alert is displayed (see Miscellaneous Messages in Appendix A) advising that
one or more stored flight plans need to be edited.
Whenever an approach, departure, or arrival procedure is loaded into the active flight plan, a set of approach,
departure, or arrival waypoints is inserted into the flight plan along with a header line describing the instrument
procedure the pilot selected. The original enroute portion of the flight plan remains active (unless an instrument
procedure is activated) when the procedure is loaded.
When the database is updated, the airways need to be reloaded also. Each airway segment is reloaded from
the database given the entry waypoint, the airway identifier and the exit waypoint. This reloads the sequence of
waypoints between the entry and exit waypoints (the sequence may change when the database is updated). The
update of an airway can fail during this process. If that happens, the airway waypoints are changed to regular
(non-airway) flight plan waypoints, and an alert is displayed (see Miscellaneous Messages in Appendix A).
230
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Flight Management
The following could cause the airway update to fail:
• Airway identifier, entry waypoint or exit waypoint not found in the new database.
• Airway entry/exit waypoint is not an acceptable waypoint for the airway – either the waypoint is no longer on
the airway, or there is a new directional restriction that prevents it being used.
• Loading the new airway sequence would exceed the capacity of the flight plan.
Flight Plan Creation
There are three methods to create or modify a flight plan:
• Active Flight Plan Page on the MFD (create/modify the active flight plan)
• Active Flight Plan Window on the PFD (create/modify the active flight plan)
• Flight Plan Catalog Page on the MFD (create/modify a stored flight plan)
Active FPL Waypoint List
- Comment
- Procedure Header
- Waypoint Identifier
- Airway Identifier
- Desired Track to Waypoint
- Distance to Waypoint
- Waypoint Altitude
Constraint
Active Flight
Plan Leg
Vertical Navigation Profile
Turn Anticipation
Arc
- Active Vertical WPT Alt/ID
- Vertical Speed Target
- Flight Path Angle
- Vertical Speed Target
- Time to Top of Descent
- Vertical Deviation
Non-Active,
Flight Plan Leg
Figure 5-56 Active Flight Plan Page
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
231
Flight Management
Active Flight Plan Comment
Active Flight
Plan Leg
Active Flight Plan Waypoint List
- Waypoint ID
- Desired Track to Waypoint
- Distance to Waypoint
- Airway Identifier
Figure 5-57 Active Flight Plan Window on PFD
Catalog Contents
- # Used
- # Empty
Flight Plan List
- Comment
Selected Flight
Plan Map
Selected FPL Info
- Departure Waypoint
- Destination Waypoint
- Total Flight Plan Distance
- Enroute Safe Altitude
Softkeys
Figure 5-58 Flight Plan Catalog Page
232
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Flight Management
The active flight plan is listed on the active Flight Plan Page on the MFD, and in the Active Flight Plan
Window on the PFD. It is the flight plan to which the system is currently providing guidance, and is shown
on the navigation maps. Stored flight plans are listed on the Flight Plan Catalog Page, and are available for
activation (becomes the active flight plan).
Creating an active flight plan:
1) Press the FPL Key.
2) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor (only on MFD).
3) Turn the small FMS Knob to display the Waypoint Information Window. (Turning it clockwise displays a blank
Waypoint Information Window, turning it counter-clockwise displays the Waypoint Information Window
with a waypoint selection submenu allowing selection of active flight plan, nearest, recent, user, or airway
waypoints).
4) Enter the identifier, facility, or city name of the departure waypoint or select a waypoint from the submenu of
waypoints and press the ENT Key. The active flight plan is modified as each waypoint is entered.
5) Repeat step numbers 3 and 4 to enter each additional flight plan waypoint.
6) When all waypoints have been entered, press the FMS Knob to remove the cursor.
Creating a stored flight plan:
1) Press the FPL Key.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob clockwise to display the Flight Plan Catalog Page.
3) Select the NEW Softkey; or press the MENU Key, highlight ‘Create New Flight Plan’, and press the ENT Key to
display a blank flight plan for the first empty storage location.
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to display the Waypoint Information Window. (Turning it clockwise displays a blank
Waypoint Information Window, turning it counter-clockwise displays the Waypoint Information Window
with a waypoint selection submenu allowing selection of active flight plan, nearest, recent, user, or airway
waypoints).
5) Enter the identifier, facility, or city name of the departure waypoint or select a waypoint from the submenu of
waypoints and press the ENT Key.
6) Repeat step numbers 4 and 5 to enter each additional flight plan waypoint.
7) When all waypoints have been entered, press the FMS Knob to return to the Flight Plan Catalog Page. The new
flight plan is now in the list.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
233
Flight Management
Flight plans can be imported from an SD Card or exported to an SD Card from the Stored Flight Plan Page.
Importing a Flight Plan from an SD Card
1) Insert the SD card containing the flight plan in the top card slot on the MFD.
2) Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page on the MFD.
3) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the Flight Plan Catalog Page.
4) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
5) Turn either FMS Knob to highlight an empty or existing flight plan.
6) Press the IMPORT Softkey; or press the MENU Key, select “Import Flight Plan”, and press the ENT Key.
If an empty slot is selected, a list of the available flight plans on the SD card will be displayed.
Or:
If an existing flight plan is selected, an “Overwrite existing flight plan? OK or CANCEL” prompt is displayed.
Press the ENT Key to choose to overwrite the selected flight plan and see the list of available flight plans on the
SD card. If overwriting the existing flight plan is not desired, select “CANCEL” using the FMS Knob, press the
ENT Key, select another flight plan slot, and press the IMPORT Softkey again.
7) Turn the small FMS Knob to highlight the desired flight plan for importing.
8) Press the ENT Key to initiate the import.
9) Press the ENT Key again to confirm the import.
Import/Export Softkeys
List of Flight Plans to Import &
Details for the Selected File
Import Successful
Figure 5-59 Flight Plan Import
234
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Flight Management
Note: If the imported flight plan contains a waypoint with a name that duplicates the name of a waypoint
already stored on the system, the system compares the coordinates of the imported waypoint with those of
the existing waypoint. If the coordinates are different, the imported waypoint is automatically renamed by
adding characters to the end of the name.
Exporting a Flight Plan to an SD Card
1) Insert the SD card into the top card slot on the MFD.
2) Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page on the MFD.
3) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the Flight Plan Catalog Page.
4) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
5) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the flight plan to be exported.
6) Press the EXPORT Softkey; or press the MENU Key, select “Export Flight Plan”.
7) If desired, change the name for the exported file by turning the large FMS Knob to the left to highlight the
name, then use the small and large FMS knobs to enter the new name, and press the ENT Key.
8) Press the ENT Key to initiate the export.
9) Press the ENT Key to confirm the export.
Note: The exported flight plan will not contain any procedures or airways.
Import/Export Softkeys
Stored Flight Plan to be Exported &
Exported Flight Plan Name
Export Successful
Figure 5-60 Flight Plan Export
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
235
Flight Management
Adding Waypoints to an Existing Flight Plan
Waypoints can be added to the active flight plan or any stored flight plan. Choose the flight plan, select the
desired point of insertion, enter the waypoint, and it is added in front of the selected waypoint. Flight plans
are limited to 99 waypoints (including waypoints within airways and procedures). If the number of waypoints
in the flight plan exceeds 99, the message “Flight plan is full. Remove unnecessary waypoints.” appears and the
new waypoint(s) are not added to the flight plan.
Stored Flight Plan Selected
- Memory Slot
- Comment
- Procedure Identifier
- Waypoint Identifier
- Airway Identifier
- Desired Track to Waypoint
- Distance to Waypoint
- Waypoint Altitude
Constraint
Softkeys
Figure 5-61 Stored Flight Plan Page
Flight Plan Full Message
Figure 5-62 Active Flight Plan Page - FPL Full
236
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Flight Management
Adding a waypoint to a stored flight plan:
1) On the Flight Plan Catalog Page, press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
2) Highlight the desired flight plan.
3) Select the EDIT Softkey; or press the ENT Key, turn the large FMS Knob clockwise to select “EDIT” and press
the ENT Key. The Stored Flight Plan Page is displayed.
4) Select the point in the flight plan to add the new waypoint. The new waypoint is placed directly in front of the
highlighted waypoint.
5) Turn the small FMS Knob to display the Waypoint Information Window. (Turning it clockwise displays a blank
Waypoint Information Window, turning it counter-clockwise displays the Waypoint Information Window
with a waypoint selection submenu allowing selection of active flight plan, nearest, recent, user, or airway
waypoints).
6) Enter the identifier, facility, or city name of the waypoint; or select a waypoint from the submenu of waypoints
and press the ENT Key. The new waypoint now exists in the flight plan.
Note: If the identifier entered in the Waypoint Information Window has duplicates, a Duplicate Waypoint
Window is displayed. Use the FMS Knob to select the correct waypoint.
Figure 5-63 Duplicate Waypoints Window
Adding a waypoint to the active flight plan:
1) Press the FPL Key.
2) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor (not required on the PFD).
3) Select the point in the flight plan before which to add the new waypoint. The new waypoint is placed directly
in front of the highlighted waypoint.
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to display the Waypoint Information Window. (Turning it clockwise displays a blank
Waypoint Information Window, turning it counter-clockwise displays the Waypoint Information Window
with a waypoint selection submenu allowing selection of active flight plan, nearest, recent, user, or airway
waypoints).
5) Enter the identifier, facility, or city name of the waypoint or select a waypoint from the submenu of waypoints
and press the ENT Key. The active flight plan is modified as each waypoint is entered.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
237
Flight Management
Creating and adding user waypoints to the active flight plan:
1) Press the Joystick to activate the panning function on the Active Flight Plan Page and pan to the map location
of the desired user waypoint.
2) Select the LD WPT Softkey; or press the MENU Key, select ‘Load Waypoint’, and press the ENT Key. The user
waypoint is created with a name of USRxxx (using the next available in sequence) and is added to the end of
the active flight plan.
Adding Airways to a Flight Plan
Airways can be added to the active flight plan or any stored flight plan. Choose a flight plan (add the desired
airway entry point if not already in the flight plan), select the waypoint after the desired airway entry point,
select the airway, and it is added in front of the selected waypoint. An airway can only be loaded if there is a
waypoint in the flight plan that is part of the desired airway and is not part of an arrival or approach procedure.
The system also anticipates the desired airway and exit point based on loaded flight plan waypoints.
Airway Entry Waypoint
Selected Airway
Airways Available at TOP
Airway Waypoint
Sequence
Preview of
Selected Airway
Figure 5-64 Select Airway Page - Selecting Airway
Adding an airway to a flight plan:
1) Press the FPL Key.
2) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor (not required on the PFD).
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the waypoint after the desired airway entry point. If this waypoint is not
a valid airway entry point, a valid entry point should be entered at this time.
238
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Flight Management
4) Turn the small FMS Knob one click clockwise and select the LD AIRWY Softkey, or press the MENU Key and
select “Load Airway”. The Select Airway Page is displayed. The LD AIRWY Softkey or the “Load Airway” menu
item is available only when a valid airway entry waypoint has been chosen (the waypoint ahead of the cursor
position).
5) Turn the FMS Knob to select the desired airway from the list, and press the ENT Key. Low altitude airways are
shown first in the list, followed by “all” altitude airways, and then high altitude airways.
6) Turn the FMS Knob to select the desired airway exit point from the list, and press the ENT Key. ‘LOAD?’ is
highlighted.
7) Press the ENT Key. The system returns to editing the flight plan with the new airway inserted.
Airway Entry Waypoint
Selected Airway
Selected Exit Point
Preview of
Selected Airway
Selected Airway
Exit Point
Airway Exit Points
Available
Figure 5-65 Select Airway Page - Selecting Exit Point
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
239
Flight Management
Inserted Airway Header
- Airway Identifier: [airway
identifier].[exit waypoint identifier]
(e.g., V4.SLN)
Figure 5-66 Active Flight Plan Page - Airway Inserted
Restrictions on Adding Airways
Some airways have directional restrictions on all or part of the route. Airway “A2” in Europe has a directional
restriction over the whole route such that it can be flown only in the direction MTD-ABB-BNE-DEVAL.
Airway “UR975” in North Africa has more complicated directional restrictions within the list of airway
waypoints AMANO, VAKOR, LIBRO, NELDA, DIRKA, GZO, KOSET, and SARKI:
• Starting from AMANO, the airway can be flown only to LIBRO.
• Starting from SARKI, the airway can be flown only to LIBRO.
• Between NELDA and GZO, the airway can be flown in either direction.
In the US, airways that are “one-way” for specified hours of operation are not uncommon. These airways
are always bidirectional in the database.
The system only allows correct airway sequences to be inserted. If the pilot subsequently inverts the flight
plan, the system inverts the airway waypoint sequence and removes the airway header.
240
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Flight Management
Adding Procedures to a Stored Flight Plan
The system allows the pilot to insert pre-defined instrument procedures from the navigation database into a
flight plan. The procedures are designed to facilitate routing of traffic leaving an airport (departure), arriving at
an airport (arrival), and landing at an airport (approach). See the procedures section for more details.
Flight Plan Name
Flight Plan
Waypoint List
Softkeys
Load Departure Load Arrival Load Approach Activate Flight Plan
Figure 5-67 Stored Flight Plan Page
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
241
Flight Management
Departure (DP)
A Departure Procedure (DP) is loaded at the departure airport in the flight plan. Only one departure can
be loaded at a time in a flight plan. The route is defined by selection of a departure, the transition waypoints,
and a runway.
Departure Airport
Selected
Departure
Departures Available at
KMKC
Preview of
Selected
Departure
Departure Waypoint
Sequence
Figure 5-68 Departure Loading Page - Selecting the Departure
Loading a departure procedure into a stored flight plan:
1) Select a stored flight plan from the Flight Plan Catalog Page.
2) Select the EDIT Softkey; or press the MENU Key, select ‘Edit Flight Plan’, and press the ENT Key. The Stored
Flight Plan Page is displayed.
3) Select the LD DP Softkey; or press the MENU Key, select “Load Departure”, and press the ENT Key. The
Departure Loading Page is displayed.
4) Select a departure. Press the ENT Key.
5) Select a runway served by the selected departure, if required. Press the ENT Key.
6) Select a transition for the selected departure. Press the ENT Key.
7) Press the ENT Key to load the selected departure procedure.
242
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Flight Management
Departure Airport
Selected
Departure
Selected Runway
Selected
Departure End
Point
Selected Transition
Departure Transition
Points Available
Preview of
Selected
Departure
Figure 5-69 Departure Loading Page - Selecting Transition
Inserted Departure Header
- Departure Identifier: [departure
airport]-[departure runway].
[departure transition].
[departure end point]
(e.g., KMKC-ALL.TIFTO2.TIFTO)
Figure 5-70 Stored Flight Plan Page - Departure Inserted
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
243
Flight Management
Arrival (STAR)
A Standard Terminal Arrival (STAR) is loaded at the destination airport in the flight plan. Only one arrival
can be loaded at a time in a flight plan. The route is defined by selection of an arrival, the transition waypoints,
and a runway.
Destination Airport
Selected Arrival
Arrivals Available at
KCOS
Selected Runway
Arrival Waypoint
Sequence
Preview of
Selected Arrival
Figure 5-71 Arrival Loading Page - Selecting the Arrival
Loading an arrival procedure into a stored flight plan:
1) Select a stored flight plan from the Flight Plan Catalog Page.
2) Select the EDIT Softkey; or press the MENU Key, select ‘Edit Flight Plan’, and press the ENT Key. The Stored
Flight Plan Page is displayed.
3) Select the LD STAR Softkey; or press the MENU Key, select “Load Arrival”, and press the ENT Key. The Arrival
Loading Page is displayed.
4) Select an arrival. Press the ENT Key.
5) Select a transition for the selected arrival. Press the ENT Key.
6) Select a runway served by the selected arrival, if required. Press the ENT Key.
7) Press the ENT Key to load the selected arrival procedure.
244
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Flight Management
Destination Airport
Selected Arrival
Selected Transition
Transitions Available
with DBRY1
Arrival Waypoint
Sequence
Preview of
Selected Arrival
Figure 5-72 Arrival Loading Page - Selecting the Transition
Inserted Arrival Header
- Arrival Identifier:
[arrival airport]-[arrival transition].
[arrival].[arrival runway]
(e.g., KCOS-TBE.DBRY1.ALL)
Figure 5-73 Stored Flight Plan Page - Arrival Inserted
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
245
Flight Management
Approach (APPR)
An Approach Procedure (APPR) can be loaded at any airport that has an approach available. Only one
approach can be loaded at a time in a flight plan. The route for a selected approach is defined by designating
transition waypoints.
Destination Airport
Selected
Approach
Approaches Available
at KCOS
Barometric Minimum
Preview of
Selected
Approach
Approach Waypoint
Sequence
Figure 5-74 Approach Loading Page - Selecting the Approach
Loading an approach procedure into a stored flight plan:
1) Select a stored flight plan from the Flight Plan Catalog Page.
2) Select the EDIT Softkey; or press the MENU Key, select ‘Edit Flight Plan’, and press the ENT Key. The Stored
Flight Plan Page is displayed.
3) Select the LD APR Softkey; or press the MENU Key, select “Load Approach”, and press the ENT Key. The
Approach Loading Page is displayed.
4) Select an approach. Press the ENT Key.
5) Select a transition for the selected approach. Press the ENT Key.
6) Press the ENT Key to load the selected approach procedure.
246
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Flight Management
Destination Airport
Selected
Approach
Selected Transition
Transitions Available
with Selected Approach
Barometric Minimum
Approach Waypoint
Sequence
Preview of
Selected
Approach
Load Approach?
Figure 5-75 Approach Loading Page - Selecting the Transition
Inserted Approach Header
- Approach Identifier: [approach
airport].[runway and approach type]
Figure 5-76 Stored Flight Plan Page - Approach Inserted
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
247
Flight Management
Flight Plan Storage
The system can store up to 99 flight plans, numbered 1 through 99. The active flight plan is erased when
the system is powered off or when another flight plan is activated. Details about each stored flight plan can be
viewed on the Flight Plan Catalog Page and on the Stored Flight Plan Page.
Viewing information about a stored flight plan:
1) Press the FPL Key on the MFD to display the Active Flight Plan Page.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob clockwise one click to display the Flight Plan Catalog Page.
3) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor and turn the FMS Knob to highlight the desired flight plan.
4) The Flight Plan Information is displayed showing departure, destination, total distance, and enroute safe altitude
information for the selected Flight Plan.
5) Select the EDIT Softkey to open the Stored Flight Plan Page and view the waypoints in the flight plan.
6) Press the FMS Knob to exit the Stored Flight Plan Page.
Flight Plan Name
(Comment)
Selected Flight Plan
Preview of Selected
Flight Plan
Stored Flight Plan Info
- Departure Airport
- Destination Airport
- Total Flight Plan Distance
- Enroute Safe Altitude
Stored FPL Editing
Softkeys
Figure 5-77 Stored Flight Plan Information
Storing an active flight plan from the Active Flight Plan Page or the Active Flight Plan Window:
1) Press the MENU Key.
2) Highlight ‘Store Flight Plan’.
3) Press the ENT Key.
4) With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key. The flight plan is stored in the next available position in the flight
plan list on the Flight Plan Catalog Page.
248
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Flight Management
Sort Flight Plans
The stored flight plans can be sorted alphanumerically based on the flight plan name (comment) assigned
to each flight plan.
Sorting by flight plan name (comment):
1) Press the FPL Key and turn the small FMS Knob to display the Flight Plan Catalog Page.
2) Press the MENU Key.
3) Highlight ‘Sort By Comment’ and press the ENT Key. A confirmation window is displayed.
4) With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key to change flight plan ordering. To cancel the request, press the CLR
Key, or highlight ‘CANCEL’ and press the ENT Key.
Activate a Flight Plan
Activating a stored flight plan erases the active flight plan and replaces it with the flight plan being activated.
Inverting a stored flight plan reverses the waypoint order, erases the active flight plan, and replaces it with the
flight plan being activated (the stored flight plan is not changed).
Activating a stored flight plan on the MFD:
1) Press the FPL Key and turn the small FMS Knob to display the Flight Plan Catalog Page.
2) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor, and turn the FMS Knob to highlight the desired flight plan.
3) Select the ACTIVE Softkey; or press the ENT Key twice; or press the MENU Key, highlight ‘Activate Flight Plan’,
and press the ENT Key. The ‘Activate Stored Flight Plan?’ window is displayed.
4) With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key. To cancel the request, press the CLR Key, or highlight ‘CANCEL’ and
press the ENT Key.
Inverting and activating a stored flight plan on the MFD:
1) Press the FPL Key and turn the small FMS Knob to display the Flight Plan Catalog Page.
2) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor, and turn the FMS Knob to highlight the desired flight plan.
3) Select the INVERT Softkey; or press the MENU Key, highlight ‘Invert & Activate FPL?’, and press the ENT Key.
The ‘Invert and activate stored flight plan?’ window is displayed.
4) With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key. To cancel the request, press the CLR Key, or highlight ‘CANCEL’ and
press the ENT Key.
Copy a Flight Plan
The system allows copying a flight plan into a new flight plan memory slot, allowing editing, etc., without
affecting the original flight plan. This can be used to duplicate an existing stored flight plan for use in creating
a modified version of the original stored flight plan.
Copying a stored flight plan on the MFD:
1) Press the FPL Key and turn the small FMS Knob to display the Flight Plan Catalog Page.
2) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor, and turn the FMS Knob to highlight the desired flight plan.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
249
Flight Management
3) Select the COPY Softkey; or press the MENU Key, highlight ‘Copy Flight Plan’, and press the ENT Key. The
‘Copy to Flight Plan XX?’ window is displayed.
4) With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key to copy the flight plan. To cancel the request, press the CLR Key, or
highlight ‘CANCEL’ and press the ENT Key.
Delete a Stored Flight Plan
Individual or all stored flight plans can be deleted from memory.
Deleting a stored flight plan:
1) Press the FPL Key and turn the small FMS Knob to display the Flight Plan Catalog Page.
2) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor, and turn the FMS Knob to highlight the desired flight plan.
3) Select the DELETE Softkey; press the CLR Key; or press the MENU Key, highlight ‘Delete Flight Plan’, and press
the ENT Key. The ‘Delete Flight Plan XX?’ window is displayed.
4) With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key to delete the flight plan. To cancel the request, press the CLR Key, or
highlight ‘CANCEL’ and press the ENT Key.
Note: The option to delete all stored flight plans is not available while the aircraft is in flight.
Deleting all stored flight plans:
1) Press the FPL Key and turn the small FMS Knob to display the Flight Plan Catalog Page.
2) Press the MENU Key.
3) Highlight ‘Delete All’ and press the ENT Key. A ‘Delete all flight plans?’ confirmation window is displayed.
4) With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key to delete all flight plans. To cancel the request, press the CLR Key, or
highlight ‘CANCEL’ and press the ENT Key.
Flight Plan Editing
The active flight plan or any stored flight plan can be edited. The edits made to the active flight plan affect
navigation as soon as they are entered.
Deleting the Active Flight Plan
The system allows deleting an active flight plan. Deleting the active flight plan suspends navigation by the
system.
Deleting the active flight plan:
1) Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page (MFD) or the Active Flight Plan Window (PFD).
2) Press the MENU Key, highlight ‘Delete Flight Plan’, and press the ENT Key. The ‘Delete all waypoints in flight
plan?’ window is displayed.
3) With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key to delete the active flight plan. To cancel the request, press the CLR
Key, or highlight ‘CANCEL’ and press the ENT Key.
250
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Flight Management
Deleting Flight Plan Items
Individual waypoints, entire airways, and entire procedures can be deleted from a flight plan. Some waypoints
in the final approach segment (such as the FAF or MAP) can not be deleted individually. Attempting to delete
a waypoint that is not allowed results in a window displaying ‘Invalid flight plan modification.’
Deleting an individual waypoint from the active flight plan:
1) Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page (MFD) or the Active Flight Plan Window (PFD).
2) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor (not required on the PFD) and turn the large FMS Knob to highlight
the waypoint to be deleted.
3) Press the CLR Key. The ‘Remove XXXXX?’ window is displayed.
4) With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key. To cancel the request, press the CLR Key, or highlight ‘CANCEL’ and
press the ENT Key.
5) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
Deleting an entire airway from the active flight plan:
1) Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page (MFD) or the Active Flight Plan Window (PFD).
2) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor (not required on the PFD) and turn the large FMS Knob to highlight
the white header of the airway to be deleted.
3) Press the CLR Key. The ‘Remove <airway name>?’ window is displayed.
4) With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key. To cancel the request, press the CLR Key, or highlight ‘CANCEL’ and
press the ENT Key.
5) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
Deleting an entire procedure from the active flight plan:
1) Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page (MFD) or the Active Flight Plan Window (PFD).
2) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor (not required on the PFD) and turn the large FMS Knob to highlight
the white header of the procedure to be deleted.
3) Press the CLR Key. The ‘Remove <procedure name> from flight plan?’ window is displayed.
4) With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key. To cancel the request, press the CLR Key, or highlight ‘CANCEL’ and
press the ENT Key.
5) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
Or:
1) Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page (MFD) or the Active Flight Plan Window (PFD).
2) Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu and turn the FMS Knob to highlight ‘Remove <procedure>’.
3) Press the ENT Key. The ‘Remove <procedure name> from flight plan?’ window is displayed.
4) With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key. To cancel the request, press the CLR Key, or highlight ‘CANCEL’ and
press the ENT Key.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
251
Flight Management
Deleting an individual waypoint from a stored flight plan:
1) Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob clockwise one click to display the Flight Plan Catalog Page.
3) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor and turn the FMS Knob to highlight the flight plan to be edited.
4) Select the EDIT Softkey; or press the MENU Key, select ‘Edit Flight Plan’ and press the ENT Key. The Stored
Flight Plan Page is displayed.
5) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the waypoint to be deleted.
6) Press the CLR Key. The ‘Remove XXXXX?’ window is displayed.
7) With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key. To cancel the request, press the CLR Key, or highlight ‘CANCEL’ and
press the ENT Key.
8) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
Deleting an entire airway from a stored flight plan:
1) Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob clockwise one click to display the Flight Plan Catalog Page.
3) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor and turn the FMS Knob to highlight the flight plan to be edited.
4) Select the EDIT Softkey; or press the MENU Key, select ‘Edit Flight Plan’ and press the ENT Key. The Stored
Flight Plan Page is displayed.
5) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the white header of the airway to be deleted.
6) Press the CLR Key. The ‘Remove <airway name>?’ window is displayed.
7) With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key. To cancel the request, press the CLR Key, or highlight ‘CANCEL’ and
press the ENT Key.
8) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
Deleting an entire procedure from a stored flight plan:
1) Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob clockwise one click to display the Flight Plan Catalog Page.
3) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor and turn the FMS Knob to highlight the flight plan to be edited.
4) Select the EDIT Softkey; or press the MENU Key, select ‘Edit Flight Plan’ and press the ENT Key. The Stored
Flight Plan Page is displayed.
5) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the white header of the procedure to be deleted.
6) Press the CLR Key. The ‘Remove <procedure name> from flight plan?’ window is displayed.
7) With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key. To cancel the request, press the CLR Key, or highlight ‘CANCEL’ and
press the ENT Key.
8) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
252
Or:
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Flight Management
1) Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob clockwise one click to display the Flight Plan Catalog Page.
3) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor and turn the FMS Knob to highlight the flight plan to be edited.
4) Select the EDIT Softkey; or press the MENU Key, select ‘Edit Flight Plan’ and press the ENT Key. The Stored
Flight Plan Page is displayed.
5) Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu and turn the FMS Knob to highlight ‘Remove <procedure>’.
6) Press the ENT Key. The ‘Remove <procedure name> from flight plan?’ window is displayed.
7) With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key. To cancel the request, press the CLR Key, or highlight ‘CANCEL’ and
press the ENT Key.
8) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
Changing Flight Plan Comments (Names)
The comment field (or name) of each flight plan can be changed to something that is useful for identification
and sorting.
Changing the active flight plan comment:
1) Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page.
2) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor and turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the comment field.
3) Use the FMS Knobs to edit the comment.
4) Press the ENT Key to accept the changes.
5) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
Changing a stored flight plan comment:
1) Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob clockwise one click to display the Flight Plan Catalog Page.
3) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor and turn the FMS Knob to highlight the flight plan to be edited.
4) Select the EDIT Softkey; or press the MENU Key, select ‘Edit Flight Plan’ and press the ENT Key. The Stored
Flight Plan Page is displayed.
5) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the comment field.
6) Use the FMS Knobs to edit the comment.
7) Press the ENT Key to accept the changes.
8) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
253
Flight Management
Along Track Offsets
A waypoint having an “along track offset” distance from an existing waypoint can be entered into a flight plan.
Along track offset waypoints lie along the path of the existing flight plan, and can be used to make the system
reach a specified altitude before or after reaching the specified flight plan waypoint. Offset distances can be
entered from 1 to 99 nm in increments of 1 nm. Entering a negative offset distance results in an along track
offset waypoint inserted before the selected waypoint, whereas entering a positive offset distance results in an
along track offset waypoint inserted after the selected waypoint. Multiple offset waypoints are allowed.
A waypoint must be adjacent to its parent waypoint in the flight plan, so the system limits the along-track
distance to less than the length of the leg before or after the selected waypoint. If the selected waypoint is the
active waypoint, the distance is limited to less than the distance to go to the active waypoint. Assigning an along
track offset to a leg with indeterminate length is not permitted. An along track offset is not allowed at or after
the final approach fix of an approach.
An along track offset distance cannot be modified once entered. If the along track offset distance must be
changed, the existing along track offset waypoint must be deleted and a new one created with the new offset
distance.
Along Track Offset
Waypoint and
Distance from Flight
Plan Waypoint
Along Track
Offset Waypoint
and Distance
Figure 5-78 Along Track Offset
Entering an along track offset distance:
1) Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page (MFD) or the Active Flight Plan Window (PFD).
2) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor (not required on the PFD) and turn the large FMS Knob to highlight
the waypoint for the along track offset.
3) Select the ATK OFST Softkey (MFD only); or press the MENU Key, highlight ‘Create ATK Offset Waypoint’, and
press the ENT Key.
254
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Flight Management
4) Enter a positive or negative offset distance in the range of +/- 1 to 99 nm (limited by leg distance).
5) Press the ENT Key to create the offset waypoint.
6) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
Parallel Track
The Parallel Track (PTK) feature allows creation of a parallel course offset of 1 to 50 nm left or right of the
current flight plan. When Parallel Track is activated, the course line drawn on the map pages shows the parallel
course, and waypoint names have a lower case “p” placed after the identifier.
Using direct-to, loading an approach, a holding pattern, or editing and activating the flight plan automatically
cancels Parallel Track. Parallel Track is also cancelled if a course change occurs greater than 120° or the parallel
tracks overlap as a result of the course change.
Note: Vertical navigation is unavailable while the Parallel Track feature is active.
Active Flight Plan prior to Parallel Track
Selecting Parallel
Track
Figure 5-79 Active Flight Plan Window - Selecting Parallel Track
Activating parallel track:
1) Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page (MFD) or the Active Flight Plan Window (PFD).
2) Press the MENU Key, highlight ‘Parallel Track’, and press the ENT Key. The Parallel Track Window is displayed
with the direction field highlighted.
3) Turn the small FMS Knob to select ‘Left’ or ‘Right’ and press the ENT Key. The ‘DISTANCE’ field is highlighted.
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to enter a distance from 1-99 nm and press the ENT Key. ‘ACTIVATE PARALLEL
TRACK’ is highlighted.
5) Press the ENT Key to activate parallel track. Press the FMS Knob or the CLR Key to cancel the parallel track
activation.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
255
Flight Management
Offset Direction
Offset Distance
Activation Prompt
Figure 5-80 Parallel Track Window
Parallel Track Waypoints
- TIFTO-p
- TOP-p
- ULNAZ-p
- ...
- LAA-p
Activating Parallel Track
affects the entire active
flight segment (e.g.,
enroute)
Parallel Track
Original Track
Figure 5-81 Parallel Track Active
If the parallel track proposed by the offset direction and distance is not allowed by the system, the activation
prompt is displayed, but disabled. Parallel Track cannot be activated if a course is set using direct-to or if the
active leg is the first leg of the departure procedure. Attempting to activate parallel track with these conditions
results in the message ‘Parallel Track Unavailable Invalid Route Geometry’. If an approach leg is active the status
indicates that the system is unable to activate the parallel track with the message ‘Parallel Track Unavailable
Approach Leg Active’. If the offset direction and distance results in an unreasonable route geometry the status
indicates that the system is unable to activate the parallel track because of invalid geometry.
256
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Flight Management
Subdued Prompt
(Unavailable)
Unavailable Status
Invalid
Geometry
Approach
Active
Figure 5-82 Parallel Track Unavailable
If the active leg is not a track between two fixes (TF) or a course to a fix (DF) leg, the status
indicates that the system is unable to activate the parallel track because parallel track is not available for the
active leg type.
Offset Direction &
Distance Subdued
(Unavailable)
Cancel Prompt
Active Status
Figure 5-83 Cancelling Parallel Track
Cancelling parallel track:
1) Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page (MFD) or the Active Flight Plan Window (PFD).
2) Press the MENU Key, highlight ‘Parallel Track’, and press the ENT Key. The Parallel Track Window is displayed
with ‘CANCEL PARALLEL TRACK?’ highlighted.
3) Press the ENT Key.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
257
Flight Management
Activating a Flight Plan Leg
The system allows selection of a highlighted leg as the “active leg” (the flight plan leg which is currently
used for navigation guidance).
Activating a flight plan leg:
1) Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page (MFD) or the Active Flight Plan Window (PFD).
2) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor (not required on the PFD) and turn the large FMS Knob to highlight
the destination waypoint for the desired leg.
3) Select the ACT LEG Softkey (MFD only); or press the MENU Key, highlight ‘Activate Leg’, and press the ENT Key.
A confirmation window is displayed with ‘ACTIVATE’ highlighted.
4) Press the ENT Key to activate the flight plan leg. To cancel, press the CLR Key, or highlight ‘CANCEL’ and press
the ENT Key.
5) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
Current
Active Leg
Selected Destination
Waypoint
Activate Leg Softkey
Figure 5-84 Active Flight Plan Page - Selecting the Leg Destination Waypoint
258
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Flight Management
New Active
Flight Plan Leg
Confirmation Window
Figure 5-85 Active Flight Plan Page - New Active Leg
Inverting a Flight Plan
Any flight plan may be inverted (reversed) for navigation back to the original departure point.
Inverting the active flight plan:
1) Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page (MFD) or the Active Flight Plan Window (PFD).
2) Press the MENU Key, highlight ‘Invert Flight Plan’, and press the ENT Key. An ‘Invert Active Flight Plan?’
confirmation window is displayed.
3) Select ‘OK’.
4) Press the ENT Key to invert and activate the active flight plan. To cancel, press the CLR Key, or highlight
‘CANCEL’ and press the ENT Key.
Inverting and activating a stored flight plan:
1) Press the FPL Key and turn the small FMS Knob to display the Flight Plan Catalog Page.
2) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor, and turn the FMS Knob to highlight the desired flight plan.
3) Select the INVERT Softkey; or press the MENU Key, highlight ‘Invert & Activate FPL?’, and press the ENT Key.
The ‘Invert and activate stored flight plan?’ window is displayed.
4) With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key. To cancel the request, press the CLR Key, or highlight ‘CANCEL’ and
press the ENT Key.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
259
Flight Management
Flight Plan Views
Information about flight plans can be viewed in more than one way. The active flight plan can be configured
to show cumulative distance over the length of the flight plan or the distance for each leg of the flight plan;
and the active flight plan can be viewed in a narrow or wide view. In the wide view, additional information is
displayed: Fuel Remaining (FUEL REM), Estimated Time Enroute (ETE), Estimated Time of Arrival (ETA), and
Bearing to the waypoint (BRG).
Switching between leg-to-leg waypoint distance and cumulative waypoint distance:
1) Press the FPL Key on the MFD to display the Active Flight Plan Page.
2) Select the VIEW Softkey to display the CUM and LEG-LEG Softkeys.
3) Select the CUM Softkey to view cumulative waypoint distance, or select the LEG-LEG Softkey to view leg-to-leg
waypoint distance.
4) Select the BACK Softkey to return to the top level active flight plan softkeys.
Active Flight Plan Leg to Leg Distance
Active Flight Plan Cumulative Distance
WIDE Softkey, NARROW Softkey, LEG-LEG Softkey, CUM Softkey
Figure 5-86 Active Flight Plan - Leg to Leg vs. Cumulative Distance
260
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Flight Management
Switching between wide and narrow view:
1) Press the FPL Key on the MFD to display the Active Flight Plan Page.
2) Select the VIEW Softkey to display the WIDE and NARROW Softkeys.
3) Select the WIDE Softkey to display the wide view, or select the NARROW Softkey to display the narrow view.
4) Select the BACK Softkey to return to the top level active flight plan softkeys.
Active Flight Plan Narrow View
Active Flight Plan Wide View
WIDE Softkey, NARROW Softkey, LEG-LEG Softkey, CUM Softkey
Figure 5-87 Active Flight Plan - Wide vs. Narrow View
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
261
Flight Management
Collapsing Airways
The system allows airways on the active flight plan to be collapsed or expanded from the Active Flight Plan
Page/Window. When airways have been collapsed, it is indicated on the airway heading.
When airways are collapsed, leg-to-leg computed values such as DIS or ETE shown for the exit waypoint
reflect the total of all the legs on the airway that have been hidden in the collapsed display. The DTK value is
inhibited because it is not usable in this context.
The Active Flight Plan Page always keeps the following three waypoints visible: “From” waypoint, “To”
waypoint, and “Next” waypoint. To prevent one or more of these waypoints from being hidden in a collapsed
airway segment, the airway segment that contains either the “To” or the “Next” waypoint is automatically
expanded. When an airway is loaded, airways are automatically expanded to facilitate flight plan review.
Q3.FEPOT Airway
Collapsed View
Expanded View
Figure 5-88 Expanded/Collapsed Airways
Collapsing/expanding the airways in the active flight plan:
1) Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page (MFD) or the Active Flight Plan Window (PFD).
2) Press the MENU Key, highlight ‘Collapse Airways’ or ‘Expand Airways’, and press the ENT Key. The airways are
collapsed/expanded.
Closest Point of FPL
‘Closest Point of FPL’ calculates the bearing and closest distance at which a flight plan passes a reference
waypoint, and creates a new user waypoint along the flight plan at the location closest to a chosen reference
waypoint.
Determining the closest point along the active flight plan to a selected waypoint:
1) Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page (MFD) or the Active Flight Plan Window (PFD).
2) Press the MENU Key, highlight ‘Closest Point Of FPL’’, and press the ENT Key. A window appears with the
reference waypoint field highlighted.
3) Enter the identifier of the reference waypoint and press the ENT Key. The system displays the bearing (BRG) and
distance (DIS) to the closest point along the flight plan to the selected reference waypoint and creates a user
waypoint at this location. The name for the new user waypoint is derived from the identifier of the reference
waypoint.
262
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Flight Management
5.7Vertical Navigation
Note: The system supports vertical navigation for all lateral leg types except for CA, CI, FA, FM, HA, HM, PI,
VA, VD, VI, VR, and VM. Vertical constraints are not retained in stored flight plans.
The Vertical Navigation (VNV) feature provides vertical profile guidance during the enroute and teminal phases
of flight. Guidance based on specified altitudes at waypoints in the active flight plan or to a direct-to waypoint is
provided. It includes vertical path guidance to a descending path, which is provided as a linear deviation from the
desired path. The desired path is defined by a line joining two waypoints with specified altitudes or as a vertical
angle from a specified waypoint/altitude. The vertical waypoints are integrated into the active flight plan. Both
manual and autopilot-coupled guidance are supported with a Garmin autopilot.
Current Vertical Navigation Profile
Current Vertical Navigation Profile
Disabled (fields dashed)
ENBL VNV Softkey
Enabled (valid data)
CNCL VNV Softkey
Figure 5-89 Enabling/Disabling Vertical Navigation
Enabling VNV guidance:
1) Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page on the MFD.
2) Select the ENBL VNV Softkey; or press the MENU Key, highlight ‘Enable VNV’, and press the ENT Key. Vertical
navigation is enabled, and vertical guidance begins with the waypoint shown in the CURRENT VNV PROFILE box
(defaults first waypoint in the active flight plan with an altitude enabled for vertical navigation (e.g., HABUK)).
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
263
Flight Management
Disabling VNV guidance:
1) Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page on the MFD.
2) Select the CNCL VNV Softkey; or press the MENU Key, highlight ‘Cancel VNV’, and press the ENT Key. Vertical
navigation is disabled.
Canceling vertical navigation results in vertical deviation (V DEV), vertical speed required (VS REQ), and time
to top of descent/bottom of descent (TIME TO TOD/BOD) going invalid. The Vertical Deviation Indicator (VDI)
and Required Vertical Speed Indicator (RVSI) on the PFD are removed, and the V DEV, VS REQ, and TIME TO
TOD items displayed in the CURRENT VNV PROFILE box are dashed. VNV remains disabled until manually
enabled. Vertical guidance in reversionary mode can only be enabled for a direct-to waypoint.
The system allows a vertical navigation direct-to to any waypoint in the active flight plan with an altitude
constraint “designated” for vertical guidance. Selecting the VNV Direct-to Softkey on the Active Flight Plan Page
allows the flight plan to be flown, while vertical guidance based on the altitude constraint at the VNV direct-to
waypoint is provided. The altitude change begins immediately and is spread along the flight plan from current
position to the vertical direct-to waypoint, not just along the leg for the direct-to waypoint. A direct-to with
altitude constraint activated by pressing the Direct-to Key also provides vertical guidance, but would bypass
flight plan waypoints between the current position in the flight plan and the direct-to waypoint. A top of descent
(TOD) point is computed based on the default flight path angle; descent begins once the TOD is reached.
Current Vertical Navigation Profile
Current Vertical Navigation Profile
Prior to VNV Direct-to
VNV Direct-To Softkey
After VNV Direct-to
VNV PROF Softkey
Figure 5-90 Vertical Navigation Direct-To
264
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Flight Management
Activating a vertical navigation direct-to:
1) Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page on the MFD.
2) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor and turn the FMS Knob to highlight the desired waypoint.
Note: The selected waypoint must have a designated altitude constraint (light blue number) to be used. If
not, the first waypoint in the flight plan with a designated altitude constraint is selected.
3) Select the VNV Direct-To Softkey; or press the MENU Key, highlight ‘VNV Direct-To’, and press the ENT Key.
An ‘Activate vertical Direct-to to: NNNNNFT at XXXXXX?’ confirmation window is displayed.
4) Press the ENT Key. Vertical guidance begins to the altitude constraint for the selected waypoint.
5) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
The vertical navigation profile can be modified by directly entering a vertical speed target (VS TGT) and/or flight
path angle (FPA) in the CURRENT VNV PROFILE box.
Modifying the VS TGT and FPA:
1) Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page on the MFD.
2) Select the VNV PROF Softkey; or press the MENU Key, highlight ‘Select VNV Profile Window’, and press the
ENT Key. The cursor is now located in the CURRENT VNV PROFILE box.
3) Turn the FMS Knobs as needed to edit the values.
4) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
Altitude Constraints
The system can use altitude constraints associated with lateral waypoints to give guidance for vertical
navigation. These altitudes are, depending on the specific instance, manually entered or retrieved from the
published altitudes in the navigation database. The navigation database only contains altitudes for procedures
that call for “Cross at” altitudes. If the procedure states “Expect to cross at,” then the altitude is not in the
database. In this case the altitude may be entered manually.
Displayed Text
Examples
Cross AT
or ABOVE
5,000 ft
Large White Text
Large Light Blue Text
Cross AT
2,300 ft
Small Light Blue Text
Cross AT
or BELOW
3,000 ft
Small Light Blue
Subdued Text
Altitude Constraint
Examples
Small White Text with
Altitude Restriction Bar
Figure 5-91 Waypoint Altitude Constraints
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
265
Flight Management
White Text
Light Blue Text
Light Blue Subdued Text
Large Altitude calculated by the system
Text estimating the altitude of the aircraft as
it passes over the navigation point. This
altitude is provided as a reference and is
not designated to be used in determining
vertical speed and deviation guidance.
Altitude has been entered manually.
Altitude is designated for use in giving
vertical speed and deviation guidance.
Altitude does not match the published
altitude in navigation database or no
published altitude exists.
The system cannot use this
altitude in determining vertical
speed and deviation guidance
because of an invalid constraint
condition.
Small
Text
Altitude is designated for use in giving
vertical speed and deviation guidance.
Altitude has been retrieved from the
navigation database or has been entered
manually and matches a published
altitude in the navigation database.
The system cannot use this
altitude in determining vertical
speed and deviation guidance
because of an invalid constraint
condition.
Altitude is not designated to be used in
determining vertical speed and deviation
guidance. Altitude has been retrieved
from the navigation database and is
provided as a reference.
Table 5-8 Altitude Constraint Size and Color Coding
Altitudes associated with arrival and approach procedures are “auto-designated”. This means the system
automatically uses the altitudes loaded with the arrival or approach for giving vertical speed and deviation
guidance. Note that these altitudes are displayed as blue text up to, but not including, the FAF. The FAF is
always a “reference only” altitude and cannot be designated, unless the selected approach does not provide
vertical guidance. In this case, the FAF altitude can be designated.
Altitudes that have been designated for use in vertical guidance can be “un-designated” using the CLR Key.
The altitude is now displayed only as a reference. It is not used to give vertical guidance. Other displayed
altitudes may change due to re-calculations or be rendered invalid as a result of manually changing an altitude
to a non-designated altitude.
Designating a waypoint altitude to be used for vertical guidance:
1) Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page on the MFD.
2) Press the FMS Knob, and turn to highlight the desired waypoint altitude.
3) Turn the small FMS Knob to enter editing mode.
4) Press the ENT Key. The altitude is now shown in blue, indicating it is usable for vertical guidance.
Designating a procedure waypoint altitude to be used for vertical guidance:
1) Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page on the MFD.
2) Press the FMS Knob, and turn to highlight the desired waypoint altitude.
3) Press the ENT Key. The altitude is now shown in blue, indicating it is usable for vertical guidance.
Altitude constraints are displayed and entered in feet mean sea level (MSL) values to the nearest hundred. An
altitude constraint in feet above ground level (AGL) format is supported for airports. When a database altitude
restriction is displayed, the system allows entry of a different altitude when creating a waypoint, effectively
overriding the database restriction (only before the FAF). When a database altitude restriction of type “AT or
ABOVE” or “AT or BELOW” is activated, the system uses the “AT” portion of the restriction to define the vertical
profile.
266
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Flight Management
An altitude constraint is invalid if:
• Meeting the constraint requires the aircraft to climb
• Meeting the constraint requires the maximum flight path angle (6° down) or maximum vertical speed (-6000 fpm) to be exceeded
• The altitude constraint results in a TOD behind the aircraft present position
• The constraint is within a leg type for which altitude constraints are not supported
• The altitude constraint is added to the FAF of an approach that provides vertical guidance (i.e., ILS or GPS
WAAS approach)
• The altitude constraint is added to a waypoint past the FAF.
Entering/modifiying an altitude constraint:
1) Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page on the MFD.
2) Press the FMS Knob, and turn to highlight the desired waypoint altitude constraint.
3) Enter an altitude constraint value using the FMS Knobs. To enter altitudes as a flight level, turn the small
FMS Knob counter-clockwise past zero or clockwise past 9 on the first character, and the system automatically
changes to show units of Flight Level. Turn the large FMS Knob clockwise to highlight the first zero and enter
the three digit flight level.
4) Press the ENT Key to accept the altitude constraint; if the selected waypoint is an airport, an additional choice
is displayed. Turn the small FMS Knob to choose ‘MSL’ or ‘AGL’, and press the ENT Key to accept the altitude.
Altitude constraints can be modified or deleted after having been added to the flight plan. In the event
an altitude constraint is deleted and the navigation database contains an altitude restriction for the lateral
waypoint, the system displays the altitude restriction from the database provided no predicted altitude
can be provided. The system also provides a way to reinstate a published altitude constraint that has been
edited.
Deleting an altitude constraint provided by the navigation database:
1) Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page on the MFD.
2) Press the FMS Knob, and turn to highlight the desired waypoint altitude constraint.
3) Press the CLR Key. A ‘Remove VNV altitude constraint?’ confirmation window is displayed.
4) Select ‘OK’ and press the ENT Key.
Deleting an altitude constraint that has been manually entered:
1) Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page on the MFD.
2) Press the FMS Knob, and turn to highlight the desired waypoint altitude constraint.
3) Press the CLR Key. A ‘Remove or Revert to published VNV altitude of nnnnnFT?’ confirmation window is
displayed.
4) Select ‘REMOVE’ and press the ENT Key. The manually entered altitude is deleted (it is replaced by a system
calculated altitude, if available).
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
267
Flight Management
Reverting a manually entered altitude constraint back to the navigation database value:
1) Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page on the MFD.
2) Press the FMS Knob, and turn to highlight the desired waypoint altitude constraint.
3) Press the CLR Key. A ‘Remove or Revert to published VNV altitude of nnnnnFT?’ confirmation window is
displayed.
4) Select ‘REVERT’ and press the ENT Key. The altitude is changed to the navigation database value.
5) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
Modifying a system calculated altitude constraint:
1) Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page on the MFD.
2) Press the FMS Knob, and turn to highlight the desired waypoint altitude constraint.
3) Press the CLR Key. An ‘Edit or Revert to published VNV altitude of nnnnnFT?’ confirmation window is
displayed.
4) Select ‘EDIT’ and press the ENT Key.
5) Edit the value using the FMS Knobs, and press the ENT Key.
6) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
268
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Flight Management
5.8 Procedures
The system can access the whole range of instrument procedures available. Departures (DPs), arrivals (STARs),
and non-precision and precision approaches (APPRs) are stored within the database and can be loaded using the
Procedures (PROC) Key.
The selected procedure for the departure or arrival airport is added to the active flight plan. No waypoints are
required to be in the active flight plan to load procedures; however, if the departure and arrival airport are already
loaded, the procedure loading window defaults to the appropriate airport, saving some time selecting the correct
airport on the Procedure Loading Page. Whenever an approach is selected, the choice to either “load” or “activate”
is given. “Loading” adds the approach to the end of the flight plan without immediately using it for navigation
guidance. This allows continued navigation via the intermediate waypoints in the original flight plan, but keeps
the procedure available on the Active Flight Plan Page for quick activation when needed. “Activating” also adds
the procedure to the end of the flight plan but immediately begins to provide guidance to the first waypoint in
the approach.
Departures
A Departure Procedure (DP) is loaded at the departure airport in the flight plan. Only one departure can be
loaded at a time in a flight plan. If a departure is loaded when another departure is already in the active flight
plan, the new departure replaces the previous departure. The route is defined by selection of a departure, the
transition waypoints, and a runway.
Loading a Departure into the Active Flight Plan
Loading a departure into the active flight plan using the PROC Key:
1) Press the PROC Key. The Procedures Window is displayed.
2) Highlight ‘SELECT DEPARTURE’.
3) Press the ENT Key. The Departure Loading Page is displayed.
4) Use the FMS Knob to select an airport and press the ENT Key.
5) Select a departure from the list and press the ENT Key.
6) Select a runway (if required) and press the ENT Key.
7) Select a transition (if required) and press the ENT Key. ‘LOAD?’ is highlighted.
8) Press the ENT Key to load the departure procedure.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
269
Flight Management
Departure Airport
Available Procedure Actions
Loaded Procedures
Departure Preview
Departure Choices
Figure 5-92 Departure Selection
Selected Departure
Loaded Departure
Procedure Loading Page Selection Softkeys
Figure 5-93 Departure Loading
270
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Flight Management
Viewing available departures at an airport:
1) From the Airport Information Page (first page in the WPT group), select the DP Softkey. The Departure Information
Page is displayed, defaulting to the airport displayed on the Airport information Page.
2) To select another airport, press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor, enter an identifier/facility name/city, and
press the ENT Key.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the Departure. The departure is previewed on the map.
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to view the available departures. Press the ENT Key to select the departure. The cursor
moves to the Runway box. The departure is previewed on the map.
5) Turn the small FMS Knob to view the available runways. Press the ENT Key to select the runway. The cursor
moves to the Transition box (only if there are available transitions). The departure is previewed on the map.
6) Turn the small FMS Knob to view the available transitions. Press the ENT Key to select the transition. The cursor
moves to the Sequence box. The departure is previewed on the map.
7) Select the INFO-x Softkey to return to the Airport Information Page.
Removing a Departure from the Active Flight Plan
When plans change while flying IFR, departures can be easily removed from the Active Flight Plan.
Removing a departure procedure from the active flight plan:
1) Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page (MFD) or the Active Flight Plan Window (PFD).
2) Press the MENU Key, and highlight ‘Remove Departure’.
3) Press the ENT Key. A confirmation window is displayed listing the departure procedure.
4) With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key. To cancel the removal request, highlight ‘CANCEL’ and press the ENT
Key.
Or:
1) Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page (MFD) or the Active Flight Plan Window (PFD).
2) Press the FMS Knob, and turn to highlight the departure header in the active flight plan.
3) Press the CLR Key. A confirmation window is displayed listing the departure procedure.
4) With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key. To cancel the removal request, highlight ‘CANCEL’ and press the ENT
Key.
5) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
271
Flight Management
Arrivals
A Standard Terminal Arrival (STAR) can be loaded at any airport that has one available. Only one arrival
can be loaded at a time in a flight plan. If an arrival is loaded when another arrival is already in the active
flight plan, the new arrival replaces the previous arrival. The route is defined by selection of an arrival, the
transition waypoints, and a runway.
Loading an Arrival into the Active Flight Plan
Loading an arrival into the active flight plan using the PROC Key:
1) Press the PROC Key. The Procedures Window is displayed.
2) Highlight ‘SELECT ARRIVAL’.
3) Press the ENT Key. The Arrival Loading Page is displayed.
4) Use the FMS Knob to select an airport and press the ENT Key.
5) Select an arrival from the list and press the ENT Key.
6) Select a transition (if required) and press the ENT Key.
7) Select a runway (if required) and press the ENT Key. ‘LOAD?’ is highlighted.
8) Press the ENT Key to load the arrival procedure.
Available Procedure Actions
Loaded Procedures
Destination Airport
Arrival Preview
Arrival Choices
Figure 5-94 Arrival Selection
272
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Flight Management
Selected Arrival
Loaded Arrival
Procedure Loading Page Selection Softkeys
Figure 5-95 Arrival Loading
Viewing available arrivals at an airport:
1) From the Airport Information Page (first page in the WPT group), select the STAR Softkey. The Arrival Information
Page is displayed, defaulting to the airport displayed on the Airport Information Page.
2) To select another airport, press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor, enter an identifier/facility name/city, and
press the ENT Key.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the Arrival. The arrival is previewed on the map.
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to view the available arrivals. Press the ENT Key to select the arrival. The cursor moves
to the Transition box. The arrival is previewed on the map.
5) Turn the small FMS Knob to view the available transitions. Press the ENT Key to select the transition. The cursor
moves to the Runway box. The arrival is previewed on the map.
6) Turn the small FMS Knob to view the available runways. Press the ENT Key to select the runway. The cursor
moves to the Sequence box. The arrival is previewed on the map.
7) Select the INFO-x Softkey to return to the Airport Information Page.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
273
Flight Management
Removing an Arrival from the Active Flight Plan
When plans change while flying IFR, arrivals can be easily removed from the Active Flight Plan.
Removing an arrival from the active flight plan:
1) Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page (MFD) or the Active Flight Plan Window (PFD).
2) Press the MENU Key, and highlight ‘Remove Arrival’.
3) Press the ENT Key. A confirmation window is displayed listing the arrival procedure.
4) With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key. To cancel the removal request, highlight ‘CANCEL’ and press the ENT
Key.
Or:
1) Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page (MFD) or the Active Flight Plan Window (PFD).
2) Press the FMS Knob, and turn to highlight the arrival header in the active flight plan.
3) Press the CLR Key. A confirmation window is displayed listing the arrival procedure.
4) With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key. To cancel the removal request, highlight ‘CANCEL’ and press the ENT
Key.
5) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
Approaches
NOTE: If certain GPS parameters (WAAS, RAIM, etc.) are not available, some published approach procedures
for the desired airport may not be displayed in the list of available approaches.
An Approach Procedure (APPR) can be loaded at any airport that has one available, and provides guidance
for non-precision and precision approaches to airports with published instrument approach procedures.
Only one approach can be loaded at a time in a flight plan. If an approach is loaded when another approach
is already in the active flight plan, the new approach replaces the previous approach. The route is defined by
selection of an approach and the transition waypoints.
Whenever an approach is selected, the choice to either “load” or “activate” is given. “Loading” adds the
approach to the end of the flight plan without immediately using it for navigation guidance. This allows
continued navigation via the intermediate waypoints in the original flight plan, but keeps the procedure
available on the Active Flight Plan Page for quick activation when needed. “Activating” also adds the
procedure to the end of the flight plan but immediately begins to provide guidance to the first waypoint in
the approach.
When selecting an approach, a “GPS” designation to the right of the procedure name indicates the procedure
can be flown using the GPS receiver. Some procedures do not have this designation, meaning the GPS
receiver can be used for supplemental navigation guidance only. If the GPS receiver cannot be used for
primary guidance, the appropriate navigation receiver must be used for the selected approach (e.g., VOR or
ILS). The final course segment of ILS approaches, for example, must be flown by tuning the NAV receiver to
the proper frequency and selecting that NAV receiver on the CDI.
274
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Flight Management
The WAAS GPS allows for flying LNAV, LNAV/VNAV, and LPV approaches according to the published chart.
LNAV+V is a standard LNAV approach with advisory vertical guidance provided for assistance in maintaining
a constant vertical glidepath similar to an ILS glideslope on approach. This guidance is displayed on the PFD
in the same location as the ILS glideslope using a magenta diamond. In all cases where LNAV+V is indicated
by the system during an approach, LNAV minima are used. The active approach type is annunciated on the
HSI as shown in the following table:
HSI Annunciation
Description
LNAV
GPS approach using published LNAV minima
LNAV+V
GPS approach using published LNAV minima.
Advisory vertical guidance is provided
L/VNAV
GPS approach using published LNAV/VNAV
minima
LPV
GPS approach using published LPV minima
Example on HSI
Approach Type
- LNAV
- LNAV+V
- L/VNAV
- LPV
Table 5-9 Approach Types
Loading an Approach into the Active Flight Plan
Loading an approach into the active flight plan using the PROC Key:
1) Press the PROC Key. The Procedures Window is displayed.
2) Highlight ‘SELECT APPROACH’, and press the ENT Key. The Approach Loading Page is displayed.
3) Use the FMS Knob to select an airport and press the ENT Key.
4) Select an approach from the list and press the ENT Key.
5) Select a transition (if required) and press the ENT Key.
6) Minimums
a) To set ‘MINIMUMS’, turn the small FMS Knob to select ‘BARO’ or ‘RAD ALT’ (optional), and press the ENT Key.
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the altitude, and press the ENT Key.
Or:
b) To skip setting minimums, press the ENT Key.
7) Press the ENT Key with ‘LOAD?’ highlighted to load the approach procedure; or turn the large FMS Knob to
highlight ‘ACTIVATE’ and press the ENT Key to load and activate the approach procedure.
NOTE: When GPS is not approved for the selected final approach course, the message ‘NOT APPROVED
FOR GPS’ is displayed. GPS provides guidance to the approach, but the HSI must to be switched to a NAV
receiver to fly the final course of the approach.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
275
Flight Management
Available Procedure Actions
Loaded Procedures
Destination Airport
Approach Preview
Approach Choices
Figure 5-96 Approach Selection
Selected Approach
Procedure Loading Page Selection Softkeys
Loaded Approach
LOAD or ACTIVATE? Annunciation
Figure 5-97 Approach Loading
276
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Flight Management
Viewing available approaches at an airport:
1) From the Airport Information Page (first page in the WPT group), select the APR Softkey. The Approach
Information Page is displayed, defaulting to the airport displayed on the Airport information Page.
2) To select another airport, press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor, enter an identifier/facility name/city, and
press the ENT Key.
3) Press the FMS Knob, then turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the Approach. The approach is previewed on
the map.
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to view the available approaches. Press the ENT Key to select the approach. The
cursor moves to the Transition box. The approach is previewed on the map.
5) Turn the small FMS Knob to view the available transitions. Press the ENT Key to select the transition. The cursor
moves to the Minimums box. The approach is previewed on the map.
6) Turn the small FMS Knob to select BARO (or optional RAD ALT) minimums on or off. Press the ENT Key.
a) When minimums are selected on, the cursor moves to the minimum altitude field . Use the small FMS Knob to
select the altitude. Press the ENT Key. The cursor moves to the Sequence box. The approach is previewed on
the map.
Or:
b) When minimums are selected off, the cursor moves to the Sequence box. The approach is previewed on the
map.
7) Select the INFO-x Softkey to return to the Airport Information Page.
Loading an approach into the active flight plan from the Nearest Airport Page:
1) Select the Nearest Airports Page.
2) Press the FMS Knob, then turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the desired nearest airport. The airport is
previewed on the map.
3) Select the APR Softkey; or press the MENU Key, highlight ‘Select Approach Window’, and press the ENT Key.
4) Turn the FMS Knob to highlight the desired approach.
5) Select the LD APR Softkey; or press the MENU Key, highlight ‘Load Approach’, and press the ENT Key. The
Approach Loading Page is displayed with the transitions field highlighted.
6) Turn the FMS Knob to highlight the desired transition, and press the ENT Key.
7) Minimums
a) To set ‘MINIMUMS’, turn the small FMS Knob to select ‘BARO’’ or ‘RAD ALT’ (optional), and press the ENT Key.
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the altitude, and press the ENT Key. The ‘LOAD?’ field is highlighted.
Or:
b) To skip setting minimums, press the ENT Key. The ‘LOAD?’ field is highlighted.
8) Press the ENT Key with ‘LOAD?’ highlighted to load the approach procedure; or turn the large FMS Knob to
highlight ‘ACTIVATE’ and press the ENT Key to load and activate the approach procedure. The system continues
navigating the current flight plan until the approach is activated. When GPS is not approved for the selected
final approach course, the message ‘NOT APPROVED FOR GPS’ is displayed. GPS provides guidance to the
approach, but the HSI must to be switched to a NAV receiver to fly the final course of the approach.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
277
Flight Management
Activating an Approach
A previously loaded approach can be activated from the Procedures Window.
Activating a previously loaded approach:
1) Press the PROC Key. The Procedures Window is displayed with ‘Activate Approach’ highlighted.
2) Press the ENT Key to activate the approach.
In many cases, it may be easiest to “load” the full approach while still some distance away, enroute to the
destination airport. Later, if vectored to final, use the steps above to select ‘Activate Vector-To-Final’ — which
makes the inbound course to the FAF waypoint active.
Activating a previously loaded approach with vectors to final:
1) Press the PROC Key to display the Procedures Window.
2) Highlight ‘ACTIVATE VECTOR-TO-FINAL’ and press the ENT Key.
Loading and activating an approach using the MENU Key:
1) From the Approach Loading Page, press the MENU Key. The page menu is displayed with ‘Load & Activate
Approach’ highlighted.
2) Press the ENT Key. When GPS is not approved for the selected final approach course, the message ‘NOT
APPROVED FOR GPS’ is displayed. GPS provides guidance to the approach, but the HSI must to be switched to
a NAV receiver to fly the final course of the approach.
Removing an Approach from the Active Flight Plan
When plans change while flying IFR, approaches can be easily removed from the Active Flight Plan.
Removing an approach from the active flight plan:
1) Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page (MFD) or the Active Flight Plan Window (PFD).
2) Press the MENU Key, and highlight ‘Remove Approach’.
3) Press the ENT Key. A confirmation window is displayed listing the approach procedure.
4) With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key. To cancel the removal, highlight ‘CANCEL’ and press the ENT Key.
Or:
1) Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page (MFD) or the Active Flight Plan Window (PFD).
2) Press the FMS Knob, and turn to highlight the approach header in the active flight plan.
3) Press the CLR Key. A confirmation window is displayed listing the approach procedure.
4) With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key. To cancel the removal, highlight ‘CANCEL’ and press the ENT Key.
5) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
278
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Flight Management
Missed Approach
Activating a missed approach in the active flight plan:
1) Press the PROC Key.
2) Turn the FMS Knob to highlight ‘ACTIVATE MISSED APPROACH’.
3) Press the ENT Key. The aircraft automatically sequences to the MAHP.
Or:
Press the Go-Around Button.
Course To Altitude
In this missed approach procedure, the altitude immediately following the MAP (in this case ‘6368ft’) is
not part of the published procedure. It is simply a Course to Altitude (CA) leg which guides the aircraft along
the runway centerline until the altitude required to safely make the first turn toward the MAHP is exceeded.
This altitude is provided by Jeppesen, and may be below, equal to, or above the published minimums for
this approach. In this case, if the aircraft altitude is below the specified altitude (6,368 feet) after crossing
the MAP, a direct-to is established to provide a course on runway heading until an altitude of 6,368 feet is
reached. After reaching 6,368 feet, a direct-to is established to the published MAHP (in this case MOGAL).
If the aircraft altitude is above the specified altitude after crossing the MAP, a direct-to is established to the
published fix (MOGAL) to begin the missed approach procedure.
In some missed approach procedures this Course to Altitude leg may be part of the published procedure.
For example, a procedure may dictate a climb to 5,500 feet, then turn left and proceed to the Missed Approach
Hold Point (MAHP). In this case, the altitude would appear in the list of waypoints as ‘5500ft’. Again, if the
aircraft altitude is lower than the prescribed altitude, a direct-to is established on a Course to Altitude leg
when the missed approach procedure is activated.
Course to Alttitude Leg
Figure 5-98 Course to Altitude
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
279
Flight Management
5.9Trip Planning
The system allows the pilot to view trip planning information, fuel information, and other information for
a specified flight plan or flight plan leg based on automatic data, or based on manually entered data. Weight
planning is also available, based on fuel sensor data and the active flight plan (to estimate remaining fuel).
Trip Planning
All of the input of data needed for calculation and viewing of the statistics is done on the Trip Planning Page
located in the AUX Page Group.
Selected Flight Plan Segment
- FPL Number/Cumulative Legs (CUM or REM) or Leg Number (NN)
- Waypoints Defining Selected Flight Plan/Flight Plan Leg
Trip Planning Page Mode
- Automatic/Manual
Trip Input Data (sensor/pilot)
Preview of Selected
Flight Plan/
Flight Plan Leg
- Departure Time (local)
- Ground Speed
- Fuel Flow
- Fuel On Board Aircraft
- Calibrated Airspeed
- Indicated Altitude
- Barometric Pressure
- Total Air Temperature
Trip Statistics
Desired Track Distance Est. Time Enroute Est. Time of Arrival Enroute Safe Altitude Sunrise Time (local) Sunset Time (local) -
Other Statistics
- Density Altitude
- True Airspeed (TAS)
Fuel Statistics
Efficiency Total Endurance Remaining Fuel Remaining Endurance Fuel Required Total Range -
Softkeys
- Automatic/Manual Page Mode
- Flight Plan/Waypoint Mode
Figure 5-99 Trip Planning Page
The trip planning inputs are based on sensor inputs (automatic page mode) or on pilot inputs (manual page
mode). Some additional explanation of the sources for some of the inputs is as follows:
• Departure time (DEP TIME) - This defaults to the current time in automatic page mode. The computations
are from the aircraft present position, so the aircraft is always just departing.
• Calibrated airspeed (CALIBRATED AS) - The primary source is from the air data system, and the secondary
source of information is GPS ground speed.
• Indicated altitude (IND ALTITUDE) - The primary source is the barometric altitude, and the secondary source
of information is GPS altitude.
280
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Flight Management
Trip Statistics
The trip statistics are calculated based on the selected starting and ending waypoints and the trip planning
inputs.
In flight plan mode (FPL) with a stored flight plan selected (NN), and the entire flight plan (CUM) selected,
the waypoints are the starting and ending waypoints of the selected flight plan.
In flight plan mode (FPL) with a stored flight plan selected (NN), and a specific leg (NN) selected, the
waypoints are the endpoints of the selected leg.
In flight plan mode (FPL) with the active flight plan selected (00), and the remaining flight plan (REM)
selected, the ‘from’ waypoint is the present position of the aircraft and the ‘to’ waypoint is the endpoint of the
active flight plan.
In flight plan mode (FPL) with the active flight plan selected (00), and a specific leg (NN) selected, the
‘from’ waypoint is the current aircraft position and the ‘to’ waypoint is the endpoint of the selected leg.
In waypoint (WPTS) mode these are manually selected waypoints (if there is an active flight plan, these
default to the endpoints of the active leg).
Some of the calculated trip statistics are dashed when the selected leg of the active flight plan has already
been flown.
• Desired Track (DTK) - DTK is shown as nnn° and is the desired track between the selected waypoints. It is dashed unless only a single leg is selected.
• Distance (DIS) - The distance is shown in tenths of units up to 99.9, and in whole units up to 9999. • Estimated time enroute (ETE) - ETE is shown as hours:minutes until less than an hour, then it is shown
as minutes:seconds.
• Estimated time of arrival (ETA) - ETA is shown as hours:minutes and is the local time at the
destination.
- If in waypoint mode then the ETA is the ETE added to the departure time.
- If a flight plan other than the active flight plan is selected it shows the ETA by adding to the departure
time all of the ETEs of the legs up to the selected leg. If the entire flight plan is selected, then the ETA
is calculated as if the last leg of the flight plan was selected.
- If the active flight plan is selected the ETA reflects the current position of the aircraft and the current
leg being flown. The ETA is calculated by adding to the current time the ETEs of the current leg up to
and including the selected leg. If the entire flight plan is selected, then the ETA is calculated as if the
last leg of the flight plan was selected.
• Enroute safe altitude (ESA) - The ESA is shown as nnnnnFT
• Destination sunrise and sunset times (SUNRISE, SUNSET) - These times are shown as hours:minutes
and are the local time at the destination.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
281
Flight Management
Fuel Statistics
The fuel statistics are calculated based on the selected starting and ending waypoints and the trip planning
inputs. Some of the calculated trip statistics are dashed when the selected leg of the active flight plan has
already been flown.
• Fuel efficiency (EFFICIENCY) - This value is calculated by dividing the current ground speed by the
current fuel flow.
• Time of fuel endurance (TOTAL ENDUR) - This time is shown as hours:minutes. This value is obtained
by dividing the amount of fuel on board by the current fuel flow.
• Fuel on board upon reaching end of selected leg (REM FUEL) - This value is calculated by taking the
amount of fuel onboard and subtracting the fuel required to reach the end of the selected leg.
• Fuel endurance remaining at end of selected leg (REM ENDUR) - This value is calculated by taking the time
of fuel endurance and subtracting the estimated time enroute to the end of the selected leg.
• Fuel required for trip (FUEL REQ) - This value is calculated by multiplying the time to go by the fuel
flow.
• Total range at entered fuel flow (TOTAL RANGE) - This value is calculated by multiplying the time of fuel
endurance by the ground speed.
Other Statistics
These statistics are calculated based on the system sensor inputs or the manual trip planning inputs.
• Density altitude (DENSITY ALT)
• True airspeed (TRUE AIRSPEED)
The pilot may select automatic (AUTO) or manual (MANUAL) page mode, and flight plan (FPL) or waypoint
(WPTS) mode. In automatic page mode, only the FPL, LEG, or waypoint IDs are editable (based on FPL/WPTS
selection).
Selected Flight Plan NN -
Selected Leg(s)
00 is Active FPL
01-99 are Stored FPLs
Starting and Ending Waypoint
of Selected Flight Plan Segment
Stored Flight Plan
- CUM: Beginning to End of FPL
- NN: Beginning to End of Selected Leg
Active Flight Plan
- REM: Pres. Pos. to End of FPL
- NN: Pres. Pos. to End of Selected Leg
Figure 5-100 Trip Planning Page - Flight Plan Mode
Selected Flight Plan
Not Available
Selected Leg(s)
Not Available
Selected Starting and Ending Waypoints
Figure 5-101 Trip Planning Page - Waypoint Mode
282
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Flight Management
Selecting automatic or manual page mode:
Select the AUTO Softkey or the MANUAL Softkey; or press the MENU Key, highlight ‘Auto Mode’ or ‘Manual
Mode’, and press the ENT Key.
Selecting flight plan or waypoint mode:
Select the FPL Softkey or the WPTS Softkey; or press the MENU Key, highlight ‘Flight Plan Mode’ or ‘Waypoints
Mode’, and press the ENT Key.
Selecting a flight plan and leg for trip statistics:
1) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor in the flight plan number field.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the desired flight plan number.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘CUM’ or ‘REM’. The statistics for each leg can be viewed by turning the
small FMS Knob to select the desired leg. The Inset Map also displays the selected data.
Selecting waypoints for waypoint mode:
1) Select the WPTS Softkey; or press the MENU Key, highlight ‘Waypoints Mode’, and press the ENT Key. The
cursor is positioned in the waypoint field directly below the FPL field.
2) Turn the FMS knobs to select the desired waypoint (or select from the Page Menu ‘Set WPT to Present Position’
if that is what is desired), and press the ENT Key. The cursor moves to the second waypoint field.
3) Turn the FMS knobs to select the desired waypoint, and press the ENT Key. The statistics for the selected leg
are displayed.
In manual page mode, the other eight trip input data fields must be entered by the pilot, in addition to flight
plan and leg selection.
Entering manual data for trip statistics calculations:
1) Select the MANUAL Softkey or select ‘Manual Mode’ from the Page Menu, and press the ENT Key. The cursor
may now be positioned in any field in the top right two boxes.
2) Turn the FMS Knobs to move the cursor onto the DEP TIME field and enter the desired value. Press the ENT Key.
The statistics are calculated using the new value and the cursor moves to the next entry field. Repeat until all
desired values have been entered.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
283
Flight Management
Weight Planning
Note: All weight planning page data fields displays data rounded to the nearest 10 pounds or 5
kilograms.
A/C Payload Calculator
Fuel Weight Calculator
Empty Weight Softkey
Fuel On Board Sync Softkey
(sets FOB to sensor actual)
- Zero Fuel Weight Calculation
- Fuel on Board Entry (or sync)
- Aircraft Weight Calculation
- Estimated Landing Weight Calculation
- Estimated Landing Fuel Calculation
- Fuel Reserve Entry
- Excess Fuel Calculation
Basic Empty Weight Entry Pilot and Stores Weight Entry Basic Operating Weight
Calculation Passenger(s) Weight Entry Cargo Weight Entry Zero Fuel Weight Calculation -
(selects Basic Empty Weight)
Figure 5-102 Weight Planning Page
Entering basic empty weight:
1) Select the EMPTY WT Softkey; or press the MENU Key, highlight ‘Set Basic Empty Weight’, and press the ENT
Key to select the ‘BASIC EMPTY WEIGHT’ field.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to enter the basic empty weight.
3) Press the ENT Key to confirm the entry.
4) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
Entering a pilot and stores weight:
1) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor and highlight the ‘PILOT AND STORES’ field.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to enter the pilot and stores weight.
3) Press the ENT Key to confirm the entry.
4) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
The basic operating weight is calculated by adding the basic empty weight and the pilot and stores weight.
Entering the number of passengers:
1) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor and highlight the ‘PASSENGERS #’ field.
284
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Flight Management
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to enter the number of passengers.
3) Press the ENT Key to confirm the entry.
4) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
Entering the average passenger weight:
1) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor and highlight the passenger weight field.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to enter the average passenger weight.
3) Press the ENT Key to confirm the entry.
4) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor
The total weight of passengers is calculated by multiplying the number of passengers by the average passenger
weight.
Entering the cargo weight:
1) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor and highlight the ‘CARGO’ field.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to enter the cargo weight.
3) Press the ENT Key to confirm the entry.
4) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor
The ‘ZERO FUEL WEIGHT’ is calculated by adding the basic empty, pilot and stores, passenger, and cargo
weights.
Entering a fuel on board weight:
1) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor and highlight the ‘FUEL ON BOARD’ field.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to enter the fuel on board.
3) Press the ENT Key to confirm the entry.
4) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor
Entering fuel reserve:
1) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor and highlight the ‘FUEL RESERVES’ field.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to enter the fuel reserves amount.
3) Press the ENT Key to confirm the entry.
4) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor
Synchronizing the fuel on board with the actual measured fuel on board:
Select the FOB SYNC Softkey; or select the MENU Key, highlight ‘Synchronize Fuel on Board’, and press the
ENT Key. The actual measured fuel on board is displayed in the ‘FUEL ON BOARD’ field.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
285
Flight Management
When the aircraft is in the air and a destination waypoint has been entered, the fuel calculations can be
completed.
• Estimated landing weight = zero fuel weight + estimated landing fuel weight. • Estimated landing fuel weight = fuel on board weight - (fuel flow x ETE)
• Excess fuel weight = estimated landing fuel weight - fuel reserves weight
If the aircraft is on the ground or a destination waypoint has not been entered, the following fields display
invalid values consisting of six dashes:
• Estimated landing weight
• Estimated landing fuel weight
• Excess fuel weight
Weight Caution And Warning Conditions
If the zero fuel weight is greater than the maximum allowable zero fuel weight, then the zero fuel weight is
displayed in amber.
If the aircraft weight is greater than the maximum allowable takeoff weight, then the aircraft weight is displayed
in amber.
If the estimated landing weight is greater than the maximum allowable landing weight, then the estimated
landing weight is displayed in amber.
If the estimated landing fuel weight is positive, but less than or equal to the fuel reserves weight, the following
values are displayed in amber:
• Estimated fuel at landing weight
• Excess fuel weight
If the estimated landing fuel weight is zero or negative, then the following values are displayed in red:
• Estimated fuel at landing weight
• Excess fuel weight
286
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Flight Management
5.10 RAIM Prediction
RAIM (Receiver Autonomous Integrity Monitoring) is a GPS receiver function that performs a consistency
check on all tracked satellites. RAIM ensures that the available satellite geometry allows the receiver to calculate
a position within a specified RAIM protection limit (2.0 nm for oceanic, 2.0 nm for enroute, 1.0 nm for terminal,
and 0.3 nm for non-precision approaches). During oceanic, enroute, and terminal phases of flight, RAIM is
available nearly 100% of the time. The RAIM prediction function also indicates whether RAIM is available at a
specified date and time. RAIM computations predict satellite coverage within ±15 min of the specified arrival
date and time. Because of the tighter protection limit on approaches, there may be times when RAIM is not
available. RAIM prediction must be initiated manually if there is concern over WAAS coverage at the destination
or some other reason that compromises navigation precision. If RAIM is not predicted to be available for the
final approach course, the approach does not become active. If RAIM is not available when crossing the FAF, the
missed approach procedure must be flown.
RAIM PREDICTION Box
- Prediction Waypoint
- Arrival Time
- Arrival Date
- RAIM Status
RAIM Softkey
SBAS Softkey
(displays SBAS Selection)
(displays RAIM
PREDICTION)
Figure 5-103 RAIM Prediction
Predicting RAIM availability at a selected waypoint:
1) Select the AUX-GPS Status Page.
2) Press the FMS Knob. The RAIM Prediction ‘WAYPOINT’ field is highlighted.
3) Turn the small FMS Knob to display the Waypoint Information Window. (Turning it clockwise displays a blank
Waypoint Information Window, turning it counter-clockwise displays the Waypoint Information Window
with a waypoint selection submenu allowing selection of active flight plan, nearest, recent, user, or airway
waypoints).
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
287
Flight Management
4) Enter the identifier, facility, or city name of the departure waypoint; or select a waypoint from the submenu of
waypoints and press the ENT Key to accept the waypoint entry.
5) Turn the FMS Knobs to enter an arrival time and press the ENT Key.
6) Turn the FMS Knobs to enter an arrival date and press the ENT Key.
7) Press the ENT Key with ‘COMPUTE RAIM?’ highlighted to begin the computation.
Predicting RAIM availability at the aircraft present position:
1) Select the AUX-GPS Status Page.
2) Press the FMS Knob. The RAIM Prediction ‘WAYPOINT’ field is highlighted.
3) Press the MENU Key, highlight ‘Set WPT to Present Position’, and press the ENT Key.
4) Press the ENT Key to accept the waypoint entry.
5) Turn the FMS Knobs to enter an arrival time and press the ENT Key.
6) Turn the FMS Knobs to enter an arrival date and press the ENT Key.
7) Press the ENT Key with ‘COMPUTE RAIM?’ highlighted to begin the computation.
Status of the RAIM computation for the selected waypoint, time, and date is displayed at the bottom of the
RAIM PREDICTION Box as follows:
• ‘COMPUTE RAIM?’ - RAIM has not been computed.
• ‘COMPUTING AVAILABILITY’ - RAIM calculation is in progress.
• ‘RAIM AVAILABLE’ - RAIM is predicted to be available.
• ‘RAIM NOT AVAILABLE’ - RAIM is predicted to be unavailable.
The Satellite Based Augmentation System (SBAS) provides increased navigation accuracy when available. SBAS
can be enabled or disabled manually on the GPS Status Page.
288
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Flight Management
SBAS Status
SBAS SELECTION Box
- MSAS Enable/Disable
- WAAS Enable/Disable
RAIM Softkey
SBAS Softkey
(displays SBAS Selection)
(displays RAIM
PREDICTION)
Figure 5-104 SBAS Display - Active
Enabling/Disabling SBAS:
1) Select the AUX-GPS Status Page.
2) Select the SBAS Softkey.
3) Press the FMS Knob, and turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘MSAS’ or ‘WAAS’.
4) Press the ENT Key to disable SBAS. Press the ENT Key again to enable SBAS.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
289
Flight Management
SBAS Status
SBAS SELECTION Box
- MSAS Enable/Disable
- WAAS Enable/Disable
RAIM Softkey
SBAS Softkey
(displays SBAS Selection)
(displays RAIM
PREDICTION)
Figure 5-105 SBAS Display - Disabled
290
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Flight Management
5.11Navigating a Flight Plan
The following discussion is an example of navigating a flight plan with the WAAS capable GPS system while the
system provides vertical guidance through descents. A lateral flight plan (LNAV) would be navigated in much the
same way, but would not include vertical guidance when the final approach course is active.
nOTE: The following example flight plan is for instructional purposes only. All database information depicted
should be considered not current.
The example is a flight plan from KMKC to KCOS filed using the TIFTO2 departure, various Victor Airways,
and the DBRY1 arrival with the transition at TBE. The flight plan includes an enroute altitude of 12,000 feet, an
LPV (WAAS) approach selected for runway 35R, and a missed approach executed at the Missed Approach Point
(MAP). A few enroute changes are demonstrated.
1) Prior to departure, the TIFTO2 departure, the airways, and the DBRY1 arrival at KCOS are loaded. See the
Procedures section for loading departures and arrivals. Note the magenta arrow in Figure 5-106 indicating the
active departure leg.
After takeoff, ATC assigns a heading of 240º.
2) Figure 5-106 shows the aircraft on the assigned heading of 240º. ‘TERM’ (Terminal) is the current CDI flight
phase displayed on the HSI indicating 1.0 nm CDI scaling.
Figure 5-106 Assigned Heading of 240º
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
291
Flight Management
3) ATC now assigns routing to join V4. A heading of 290º is assigned to intercept V4. The aircraft turns to heading
290° as seen in Figure 5-107.
Figure 5-107 Assigned Heading of 290º
4) Enter V4 into the flight plan.
a) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
292
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Flight Management
b) The desired entry point for V4 (TOP) must be entered. Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the desired flight
plan insertion point (SLN) as shown in Figure 5-108. When the V4 entry point (TOP) is inserted, it is placed
immediately above the highlighted waypoint (SLN).
Figure 5-108 Begin Adding V4 to the Flight Plan
c) Turn the small FMS Knob to display the Waypoint Information Window. Enter the desired entry point for V4,
Topeka VOR (TOP), as shown in Figure 5-109.
Figure 5-109 Entering V4 Entry Point
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
293
Flight Management
d) Press the ENT Key. TOP is inserted into the flight plan as in Figure 5-110.
Figure 5-110 TOP Inserted into the Flight Plan
e) With SLN still highlighted as in Figure 5-110, turn the small FMS Knob clockwise. The Waypoint Information
Page is displayed and the LD AIRWY Softkey is now available.
f) Select the LD AIRWY Softkey to display the list of available airways for TOP as seen in Figure 5-111.
Figure 5-111 List of Available Airways for TOP
g) Turn either FMS Knob to highlight V4 in the list as seen in Figure 5-111.
294
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Flight Management
h) Press the ENT Key. The list of available exits for V4 is now displayed as in Figure 5-112.
Figure 5-112 List of Available Exits for V4
i) If necessary, turn either FMS Knob to select the desired exit. In this case Salina VOR (SLN) is selected as in
Figure 5-112.
j) Press the ENT Key. The selected airway and exit are displayed, and the prompt “LOAD?” highlighted as in
Figure 5-113.
Figure 5-113 Ready to Load V4
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
295
Flight Management
k) Press the ENT Key.
l) V4 is now loaded into the flight plan as shown in Figure 5-114.
Figure 5-114 V4 is Loaded in the Flight Plan
5) Making V4 the active leg of the flight plan.
a) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
b) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ULNAZ. The TO waypoint of the leg is selected in order to activate the
leg.
c) Select the ACT LEG Softkey. The confirmation window is now displayed as in Figure 5-115. Note the TOP to
ULNAZ leg is actually part of V4.
Figure 5-115 Comfirm Active Leg
296
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Flight Management
d) Verify the displayed leg is the desired leg and press the ENT Key. Note in Figure 5-116, the magenta arrow in
the flight plan window and magenta line on the map indicating V4 is now the active flight plan leg. Note the
phase of flight remained in Terminal (TERM) mode up to this point because a departure leg was active. Since a
leg after the departure is now active, the current CDI flight phase is ENR (Enroute) and CDI scaling has changed
to 2.0 nm.
Figure 5-116 V4 Now Active Leg
6) The aircraft continues on heading 290º. When crosstrack distance is less than 2.0 nm, the XTK disappears from
the HSI and the CDI is positioned on the last dot indicating a 2.0 nm distance from the centerline of the next
course.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
297
Flight Management
7) As the CDI approaches center, the aircraft turns onto the active leg as seen in Figure 5-117.
Figure 5-117 Turn on to Active Leg
8) At SLN, Victor Airway 244 (V244) is intercepted. Turn prompts are displayed in the PFD Navigation Status Box
as seen in Figure 5-118.
Figure 5-118 Turn to Intercept V244
298
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Flight Management
9) As seen in Figure 5-119, V244 is now the active flight plan leg.
Figure 5-119 V244 Now Active Leg
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
299
Flight Management
10) At Lamar VOR (LAA) V263 is intercepted. See Figure 5-120.
Figure 5-120 WIZGE to LAA Leg Active
11) ATC grants clearance to proceed direct to the OPSHN intersection to begin the arrival procedure. ATC advises
to expect an altitude of 10,000 feet at OPSHN.
a) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
b) Turn the large FMS Knob to select OPSHN in the flight plan list.
c) Press the Direct-to (
) Key. The Direct-to Window is now displayed as shown in Figure 5-121.
Figure 5-121 Direct To OPSHN
300
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Flight Management
d) Turn the large FMS Knob to place the cursor in the VNV altitude field as shown in Figure 5-122.
Figure 5-122 Enter VNV Altitude
e) An altitude of 10,000 feet is entered as requested by ATC.
f) Press the ENT Key. The cursor is now displayed in the VNV offset field as shown in Figure 5-123.
Figure 5-123 Enter VNV Offset Distance
g) Enter the offset, or distance from the waypoint at which to reach the selected altitude. In this case, three
miles prior to OPSHN is entered. In other words, the system gives vertical guidance so the aircraft arrives at an
altitude of 10,000 feet three miles prior to OPSHN.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
301
Flight Management
h) Press the ENT Key twice to activate the direct-to. Note, in Figure 5-124, the magenta arrow indicating the directto OPSHN after the offset waypoint for OPSHN. The preceding offset waypoint indicates the offset distance
and altitude that were previously entered. The remaining waypoints in the loaded arrival procedure have no
database specified altitudes, therefore, dashes are displayed. Keep the CDI centered and maintain a track along
the magenta line to OPSHN.
Note the Direct-to waypoint is within the loaded arrival procedure, therefore, phase of flight scaling for the CDI
changes to Terminal Mode and is annunciated by displaying ‘TERM’ on the HSI.
NOTE: If the loaded arrival procedure has waypoints with altitude constraints retrieved from the database
that will be used as is, the altitude must be manually accepted by placing the cursor over the desired
altitude, then pressing the ENT Key. The altitude is now displayed as light blue meaning it is now used by
the system to determine vertical speed and deviation guidance.
Figure 5-124 Direct-to Active
12) The aircraft is proceeding to OPSHN. The expected approach is the RNAV LPV approach to runway 35R, so it is
selected.
a) Press the PROC Key to display the Procedures Window.
302
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Flight Management
b) ‘SELECT APPROACH’ should be highlighted as shown in Figure 5-125.
Figure 5-125 Procedures Window
c) Press the ENT Key. A list of available approaches for the destination airport is displayed as in Figure 5-126.
Figure 5-126 List of Available Approaches
d) Turn either FMS Knob to select the LPV approach for 35R as shown in Figure 5-125.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
303
Flight Management
e) Press the ENT Key. A list of available transitions for the selected approach is displayed as in Figure 5-127.
Figure 5-127 List of Available Transitions
f) Turn either FMS Knob to select the desired transition. In this case, the Initial Approach Fix (IAF) at HABUK is
used.
g) Press the ENT Key.
h) Barometric Minimums
To set ‘MINIMUMS’, turn the small FMS Knob to select ‘BARO’, and press the ENT Key. Turn the small FMS Knob to select the altitude, and press the ENT Key.
Or:
To skip setting minimums, press the ENT Key.
304
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Flight Management
Figure 5-128 Barometric Minimums Set
i) With ‘LOAD?’ highlighted, again press the ENT Key. The selected approach is added to the flight plan as seen
in Figure 5-129.
Figure 5-129 Loaded Approach
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
305
Flight Management
13) Note the altitude constraints associated with each of the approach waypoints as seen in Figure 5-130. These
altitudes are loaded from the database and are displayed as light blue text, indicating these values are
“designated” for use in computing vertical deviation guidance.
Note: To no longer use the displayed altitude for calculating vertical deviation guidance, perform the
following:
a) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
b) Turn the small FMS Knob to highlight the desired altitude.
c) Press the CLR Key.
d) Press the FMS Knob to deactivate the cursor.
After making the altitude “non-designated”, it is displayed as white text.
Altitude constraint values associated with the Final Approach Fix (FAF) and waypoints beyond the FAF cannot be
designated for vertical guidance. These altitude values are always displayed as white text, as in Figure 5-130.
Vertical guidance from the FAF and on to the Missed Approach Point (MAP) is given using the WAAS GPS
altitude source, therefore, the displayed altitude values are for reference only.
Figure 5-130 Vertical Guidance is Active to the FAF
306
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Flight Management
14) As the aircraft approaches OPSHN, it may be desirable to adjust the speed, or steepness of the upcoming
descent. The default Flight Path Angle (FPA) is -3.0 degrees and a required vertical speed is computed to
maintain the -3.0 FPA. To change the vertical flight path, perform the following steps.
a) Select the VNV PROF Softkey to place the cursor in the target vertical speed field (VS TGT) as shown in Figure
5-131.
b) At this point, the descent vertical speed can be selected, or the FPA can be selected. Turn the large FMS Knob
to select the desired selection field, then turn the small FMS Knob to enter the desired value.
Note the information now displayed in the ‘CURRENT VNV PROFILE’ box. Also, note the offset waypoint (orange
box) and gray circle are now displayed on the map. The gray circle marks the Top of Descent (TOD). In this
example, vertical guidance is provided at the TOD that results in a -3.0 degree FPA descent to an altitude of
10,000 feet upon reaching the offset waypoint.
Figure 5-131 Adjusting the Descent
c) Press the ENT Key.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
307
Flight Management
15) As seen in Figure 5-132, the aircraft is approaching TOD. Note the target vertical speed required to reached
the selected altitude. The Vertical Deviation Indicator (VDI) and the Required Vertical Speed Indicator (RVSI) are
now displayed on the PFD as shown in Figure 5-133. When the aircraft is within one minute of the TOD, it is
annunciated as shown in Figure 5-133, and an aural alert ‘Vertical track’ will be heard.
Figure 5-132 Approaching Top of Descent (TOD)
Target Altitude
Vertical Deviation
Indicator (VDI)
Required Vertical
Speed Indicator
(RVSI)
Figure 5-133 VDI & RVSI When Approaching Top of Descent (TOD)
308
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Flight Management
16) Upon reaching TOD, a descent vertical speed is established by placing the VSI pointer in line with the RVSI as
shown in Figure 5-134.
Keep Vertical Deviation
Indicator Centered
Align Actual Vertical Speed
with
Required Vertical Speed
Figure 5-134 VDI & RVSI Showing Correctly Established Descent
17) When the aircraft is one minute from the bottom of descent (BOD) it is annunciated as shown in Figure 5-135.
Upon reaching the offset waypoint for OPSHN, the aircraft is at 10,000 feet.
Figure 5-135 Approaching Bottom of Descent (BOD) at OPSHN Offset Waypoint
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
309
Flight Management
18) The aircraft is approaching OPSHN. The upcoming turn and next heading are annunciated at the top left of the
PFD as seen in Figure 5-136. Initiate the turn and maneuver the aircraft on a track through the turn radius to
intercept the magenta line for the OPSHN to FSHER leg and center the CDI.
Figure 5-136 Turn to intercept OPSHN to FSHER Leg
310
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Flight Management
19) After passing OPSHN, the next leg of the arrival turns magenta as shown in Figure 5-137. The magenta arrow
in the flight plan list now indicates the OPSHN to FSHER leg of the arrival procedure is now active.
Figure 5-137 Tracking the OPSHN to FSHER Leg
20) The flight continues through the arrival procedure to PYNON (see Figure 5-138). At a point 31 nm from the
destination airport, the phase of flight scaling for the CDI changes to Terminal Mode and is annunciated by
displaying ‘TERM’ on the HSI.
A descent to HABUK is in the next leg. Note the TOD point on the map. Annunciations for the upcoming turn
and descent, as well as the VDI and RVSI, appear on the PFD as the flight progresses.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
311
Flight Management
Figure 5-138 Approaching PYNON
312
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Flight Management
21) Upon passing PYNON the approach procedure automatically becomes active. The approach may be activated
at any point to proceed directly to the IAF. In this example, the aircraft has progressed through the final
waypoint of the arrival and the flight plan has automatically sequenced to the IAF as the active leg, activating
the approach procedure (see Figure 5-139).
Figure 5-139 Approach is Now Active
Note: To manually activate the approach procedure, perform the following steps:
a) Press the PROC Key.
b) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘ACTIVATE APPROACH’ as shown in Figure 5-140.
c) Press the ENT Key to activate the approach.
Figure 5-140 Manually Activate Approach
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
313
Flight Management
22) The IAF is the next waypoint. At the TOD, establish a descent vertical speed as previously discussed in Step 16.
The aircraft altitude is 9,000 feet upon reaching HABUK.
Figure 5-141 Descending Turn to the Initial Approach Fix (IAF)
314
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Flight Management
23) After crossing FALUR the next waypoint is the FAF. The flight phase changes to LPV on the HSI indicating the
current phase of flight is in Approach Mode and the approach type is LPV. CDI scaling changes accordingly and is
used much like a localizer when flying an ILS approach. The RVSI is no longer displayed and the VDI changes to
the Glidepath Indicator (as shown in Figure 5-142) when the final approach course becomes active.
Figure 5-142 Descending to the FAF
190-00728-03 Rev. A
The descent continues through the FAF (CEGIX) using the Glidepath Indicator, as one would use a glideslope
indicator, to obtain an altitude “AT” 7,800 feet at the FAF. Note the altitude restriction lines over and under (At)
the altitude in the ‘ALT’ field in Figure 5-142.
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
315
Flight Management
24) After crossing CEGIX, the aircraft continues following the glidepath to maintain the descent to “AT or ABOVE”
6,370 feet at the Missed Approach Point (MAP) (RW35R) as seen in Figure 5-143.
Figure 5-143 Descending to the Missed Approach Point
In this missed approach procedure, the altitude immediately following the MAP (in this case ‘6368ft’) is not part
of the published procedure. It is simply a Course to Altitude (CA) leg which guides the aircraft along the runway
centerline until the altitude required to safely make the first turn toward the MAHP is exceeded. This altitude
is provided by Jeppesen, and may be below, equal to, or above the published minimums for this approach. In
this case, if the aircraft altitude is below the specified altitude (6,368 feet) after crossing the MAP, a direct-to
is established to provide a course on runway heading until an altitude of 6,368 feet is reached. After reaching
6,368 feet, a direct-to is established to the published MAHP (in this case MOGAL). If the aircraft altitude is
above the specified altitude after crossing the MAP, a direct-to is established to the published fix (MOGAL) to
begin the missed approach procedure.
In some missed approach procedures this Course to Altitude leg may be part of the published procedure. For
example, a procedure may dictate a climb to 5,500 feet, then turn left and proceed to the Missed Approach Hold
Point (MAHP). In this case, the altitude would appear in the list of waypoints as ‘5500ft’. Again, if the aircraft
altitude is lower than the prescribed altitude, a direct-to is established on a Course to Altitude leg when the
missed approach procedure is activated.
316
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Flight Management
25) Upon reaching the MAP, it is decided to execute a missed approach. Automatic waypoint sequencing is
suspended past the MAP. Press the SUSP Softkey on the PFD to resume automatic waypoint sequencing
through the missed approach procedure.
A direct-to is initiated to MOGAL, which is the Missed Approach Hold Point (MAHP) as seen in Figure 5-144.
The aircraft is climbing to 10,000 feet. The CDI flight phase now changes from LPV to MAPR as seen on the
HSI.
Figure 5-144 Missed Approach Active
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
317
Flight Management
26) The aircraft continues climbing to “AT or ABOVE” 10,000 feet at MOGAL. A holding pattern is established at
the MAHP (MOGAL) as shown in Figure 5-145.
Figure 5-145 Establishing the Holding Pattern
27) The aircraft maintains 10,000 feet while following the magenta line through the hold as in Figure 5-146.
Figure 5-146 Hold Established
318
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Flight Management
5.12Abnormal Operation
This section discusses the Dead Reckoning mode of operation and the subsequent indications.
Note: Dead Reckoning Mode only functions in Enroute (ENR) or Oceanic (OCN) phase of flight. In all other
phases, an invalid GPS solution produces a “NO GPS POSITION” annunciation on the map and the system
stops using GPS.
While in Enroute or Oceanic phase of flight, if the system detects an invalid GPS solution or is unable to
calculate a GPS position, the system automatically reverts to Dead Reckoning (DR) Mode. In DR Mode, the system
uses its last-known position combined with continuously updated airspeed and heading data (when available) to
calculate and display the aircraft’s current estimated position.
It is important to note that estimated navigation data supplied by the system in DR Mode may become increasingly
unreliable and must not be used as a sole means of navigation. If while in DR Mode airspeed and/or heading data
is also lost or not available, the DR function may not be capable of accurately tracking estimated position and,
consequently, the system may display a path that is different than the actual movement of the aircraft. Estimated
position information displayed through DR while there is no heading and/or airspeed data available should not
be used for navigation.
DR Mode is inherently less accurate than the standard GPS/WAAS Mode due to the lack of satellite measurements
needed to determine a position. Changes in wind speed and/or wind direction compound the relative inaccuracy
of DR Mode. Because of this degraded accuracy, other navigation equipment must be relied upon for position
awareness until GPS-derived position data is restored.
DR Mode is indicated by the appearance of the letters ‘DR’ superimposed in yellow over the ‘own aircraft’ symbol
as shown in Figure 5-147. In addition, ‘DR’ is prominently displayed in yellow on the HSI slightly above and to
the right of the aircraft symbol on the CDI as shown in Figure 5-147. Also, the CDI deviation bar is removed from
the display. Lastly, but at the same time, a ‘GPS NAV LOST’ alert message appears on the PFD. Normal navigation
using GPS/WAAS source data resumes automatically once a valid GPS solution is restored.
As a result of operating in DR Mode, all GPS-derived data is computed based upon an estimated position and
is displayed as yellow text on the display to denote degraded navigation source information as shown in Figure
5-147.
Also, while the system is in DR Mode, the autopilot does not couple to GPS, and TAWS is disabled. Additionally,
the accuracy of all nearest information (airports, airspaces, and waypoints) is questionable. Finally, airspace alerts
continue to function, but with degraded accuracy.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
319
Flight Management
Distance &
Bearing
Ground
Speedr
Dead Reckoning
Annunciaion
Wind Data
GPS Navigation
Lost Message
Current
Track
Indicator
Bearing Pointer/
Distance
Navigation Data Bar
Wind Data
All data except Active Leg,
TAS, and DTK are in yellow
Dead Reckoning
Annunciation
Subdued Aircraft
Symbol
Figure 5-147 Dead Reckoning Mode - GPS Derived Data Shown in Yellow
Note: The Inset Map is removed from the PFD any time aircraft pitch is greater than +30° or less than –20°,
or when a 65° bank angle is reached.
320
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Hazard Avoidance
Section 6 Hazard Avoidance
Hazard avoidance features available for the Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 are designed to aid situational awareness
and provide advisory information with regard to potential hazards to flight safety associated with weather, terrain,
and air traffic.
Weather
• GDL 69A XM® Satellite Weather (Subscription Optional)
• GWX 68 Airborne Color Weather Radar (Optional)
Terrain Avoidance
• Terrain Awareness and Warning System - Class B (TAWS-B)
• Terrain Awareness and Warning System - Class A (TAWS-A) (Optional)
Traffic
• TIS (Traffic Information Service)
• Garmin GTS 850 Traffic Alert and Collision Avoidance System I (TCAS I) (Optional)
• ACSS TCAS 3000SP™ Traffic Alert and Collision and Avoidance System II (TCAS II) (Optional)
6.1 XM Satellite Weather
Note: XM Satellite Weather data provides information for avoiding hazardous weather. Do not utilize XM
Weather information to penetrate hazardous weather.
The XM Satellite Weather (subscription optional) is provided through the GDL 69A, a remote-mounted datalink satellite receiver. Received graphical weather information and associated text is displayed on the Multi
Function Display (MFD) and the Primary Flight Display (PFD) Inset Map. The GDL 69A can also receive XM
Satellite Radio® entertainment services. Both weather data and entertainment programming operate in the S-band
frequency range to provide continuous reception capabilities at any altitude throughout North America.
XM Satellite Radio services are subscription-based. For more information on specific service packages, visit
www.xmradio.com.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
321
Hazard Avoidance
Activating Services
Before XM Satellite Weather can be used, the service must be activated. Service is activated by providing XM
Satellite Radio with coded IDs unique to the installed GDL 69A. XM Satellite Radio and XM Satellite Weather
services each have coded IDs. The Data and Audio Radio IDs must be provided to XM Satellite Radio to activate
the weather service and entertainment subscriptions, respectively. These IDs are located on:
• The label on the back of the Data Link Receiver
• The XM Information Page on the MFD (Figure 6-1)
• The XM Satellite Radio Activation Instructions included with the unit (available at www.garmin.com, P/N
190-00355-04)
Contact the installer if the Audio and Data Radio IDs cannot be located.
XM Satellite Radio uses the coded IDs to send an activation signal that allows the system to display weather
data and/or entertainment programming provided through the GDL 69A.
Activating XM Satellite Weather and XM Satellite Radio services:
1) Contact XM Satellite Radio by e-mail (address listed on their website, www.xmradio.com) or by the customer
service phone number listed on the website. Follow the instructions provided by XM Satellite Radio services.
2) Select the XM Radio page in the Auxiliary Page Group.
3) Select the INFO Softkey to display the XM Information Page.
4) Verify that the desired services are activated.
5) Select the LOCK Softkey.
6) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘YES’.
7) To complete activation, press the ENT Key.
Audio Radio ID
(for XM Satellite
Radio)
Data Radio ID
(for XM Weather)
Weather Products
(Available Products
for Service Class
Indicated in Green)
Select to Display XM
Information page
322
Figure 6-1 XM Information Page
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
Select to Lock
Subscription
Information
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Hazard Avoidance
Using XM Satellite Weather Products
The primary map for viewing XM Weather data is the XM Weather Data Link Page in the Map Page Group.
This is the only map display capable of showing information for all available XM weather products.
Viewing the XM Weather Data Link Page:
1) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the Map Page Group.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the XM Weather Data Link Page.
NEXRAD
Weather
Product Symbol
and Ages (U.S.
and Canada)
NEXRAD
Weather Product
Selected for
Display
Figure 6-2 XM Weather Data Link Page
When a weather product is active on the Weather Data Link Page or the Navigation Map Page, the age of the
data is displayed on the screen next to the weather product symbol (Figure 6-2). The age of the product is based
on the time difference between when the data was assembled on the ground and the current GPS time. Weather
products are refreshed at specific intervals (defined in the Refresh Rate column in Table 6-1).
If for any reason, a weather product is not refreshed within the designated Expiration Time intervals (see
Table 6-1), the data is considered expired and is removed from the display, and the product age display is
replaced by dashes. This ensures that the displayed data is consistent with what is currently being broadcast by
XM Satellite Radio services. If more than half of the expiration time has elapsed, the color of the product age
changes to yellow. If no data is available for a weather product, ‘N/A’ is displayed next to the weather product
symbol.
Table 6-1 shows the weather product symbols, the expiration time and the refresh rate. The refresh rate
represents the interval at which XM Satellite Radio broadcasts new signals that may or may not contain new
weather data. It does not represent the rate at which weather data is updated or new content is received by
the Data Link Receiver. Weather data is updated at intervals that are defined and controlled by XM Satellite
Radio and its data vendors.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
323
Hazard Avoidance
Weather Product
Symbol
Next-generation Radar
(NEXRAD)
Cloud Top
(CLD TOP)
Echo Top
(ECHO TOP)
XM Lightning
(LTNG)
Cell Movement
(CELL MOV)
SIGMETs/AIRMETs
(SIG/AIR)
Meteorological Aerodrome Report
(METARs)
City Forecast
(CITY)
Surface Analysis
(SFC)
Freezing Levels
(FRZ LVL)
Winds Aloft
(WIND)
County Warnings
(COUNTY)
Cyclone Warnings
(CYCLONE)
Icing Potential (CIP and SLD)
(ICNG)
Pilot Weather Report
(PIREPs)
Air Report
(AIREPs)
Turbulence
(TURB)
No Radar Coverage
no product image
(RADAR CVRG)
Temporary Flight Restrictions
no product image
(TFRs)
Terminal Aerodrome Reports
no product image
(TAFs)
Expiration Time
(Minutes)
30
Refresh Rate
(Minutes)
5 (U.S.)
10 (Canada)
60
15
30
7.5
30
5
30
12
60
12
90
12
60
12
60
12
60
12
60
12
60
5
60
12
90
22
90
12
90
12
180
12
30
5
60
12
60
12
Table 6-1 Weather Product Symbols and Data Timing
324
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Hazard Avoidance
Cloud Top (CLD TOP)
+
Echo Top (ECHO TOP)
+
Nearest Page Group
Flight Plan Pages
+
SYS Page Group
+
AUX - Trip Planning
Page
+
Weather Information
Page
XM Weather Data Link
Page
NEXRAD
Navigation Map Page
Weather Product
PFD Inset Map
Table 6-2 shows which XM products can be displayed (indicated with a ‘+’ symbol) on specific maps.
+
+
+
+
XM Lightning (LTNG)
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
Cell Movement (CELL MOV)
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
SIGMETs/AIRMETs (SIG/AIR)
METARs
+
+
+
+
+
City Forecast (CITY)
+
Surface Analysis (SFC)
+
Freezing Levels (FRZ LVL)
+
Winds Aloft (WIND)
+
County Warnings (COUNTY)
+
Cyclone Warnings (CYCLONE)
+
Icing Potential (ICNG)
+
PIREPs
+
+
AIREPs
+
+
Turbulence (TURB)
+
Radar Coverage
TFRs
TAFs
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
Table 6-2 Weather Product Display Maps
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
325
Hazard Avoidance
Softkeys control the display of weather information on most MFD pages and the PFD Inset Map (Figure 6-3
shows the weather product softkeys for the XM Weather Data Link Page). When a weather product is selected
for display, the corresponding softkey label changes to gray to indicate the product is enabled. Unavailable
weather products have subdued softkey labels (softkeys are disabled from selection).
NEXRAD ECHO TOP CLD TOP XM LTNG CELL MOV
SYSTEM
CYCLONE SFC OFF
FRZ LVL
SIG/AIR
METAR
LEGEND MORE WX CHKLIST
WIND OFF ICNG OFF TURB OFF AIREPS
PIREPS
COUNTY
BACK
SFC Softkey label changes
to reflect current selection.
WIND/ICNG/TURB Softkey labels
change to reflect current selection.
CURRENT
OFF
12 HR
24 HR
36 HR
48 HR
Select the BACK Softkey
to move up one level.
LEGEND
BACK
PREV and NEXT Softkeys cycle through Winds Aloft,
Icing, and Turbulence altitude selection softkeys.
PREV
OFF
SFC
3000
6000
9000
12000
15000
NEXT
LEGEND
BACK
PREV
OFF
18000
21000
24000
27000
30000
33000
NEXT
LEGEND
BACK
PREV
OFF
36000
39000
42000
NEXT
LEGEND
BACK
PREV
OFF
1000
3000
6000
9000
12000
NEXT
LEGEND
BACK
PREV
OFF
18000
21000
24000
27000
30000
NEXT
LEGEND
BACK
PREV
OFF
21000
24000
27000
30000
33000
NEXT
LEGEND
BACK
PREV
OFF
39000
42000
45000
NEXT
LEGEND
BACK
15000
36000
Figure 6-3 Weather Data Link Weather Product Softkeys
The setup menus for the Navigation Map Page and the XM Weather Data Link Page control the map range
settings above which weather products data are decluttered from the display. If a map range larger than the
weather product map range setting is selected, the weather product data is removed from the map. The menus
also provide a means in addition to the softkeys for enabling/disabling display of weather products.
326
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Hazard Avoidance
Setting up and customizing the XM Weather Data Link Page:
1) Select the XM Weather Data Link Page.
2) Press the MENU Key.
3) With ‘Weather Setup’ highlighted, press the ENT Key (Figure 6-4).
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to select ‘PRODUCT GROUP 1’ or ‘PRODUCT GROUP 2’, and press the ENT Key (Figure
6-5).
5) Turn the large FMS Knob or press the ENT Key to scroll through product selections.
6) Turn the small FMS Knob to scroll through options for each product (ON/OFF, range settings, etc.).
7) Press the ENT Key to select an option.
8) Press the FMS Knob or CLR Key to return to the XM Weather Data Link Page with the changed settings.
Figure 6-4 Weather Data Link Page Menu
Figure 6-5 Weather Data Link Page Setup Menu
Restoring default XM Weather Data Link Page settings:
1) Select the XM Weather Data Link Page.
2) Press the MENU Key.
3) With ‘Weather Setup’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
4) Press the MENU Key.
5) Highlight the desired default(s) to restore (all or for selection) and press ENT Key.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
327
Hazard Avoidance
Maps besides the XM Weather Data Link Page use settings based on those selected for the Navigation Map
Page.
Setting up and customizing weather data for the Navigation Map Page:
1) Select the Navigation Map Page.
2) Press the MENU Key.
3) With ‘Map Setup’ highlighted, press the ENT Key (Figure 6-6).
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the ‘Weather’ Group and press the ENT Key (Figure 6-7).
5) Turn the large FMS Knob or press the ENT Key to scroll through product selections (Figure 6-8).
6) Turn the small FMS Knob to scroll through options for each product (ON/OFF, range settings).
7) Press the ENT Key to select an option.
8) Press the FMS Knob or CLR Key to return to the Navigation Map Page with the changed settings.
Figure 6-6 Navigation Map Page Menu
Figure 6-7 Navigation Map Page Setup Menu
Figure 6-8 Navigation Map Page Setup Menu, Weather Group
Each active weather product has an associated legend which can be displayed on the XM Weather Data Link
Page. A weather product legend can also be displayed on the Navigation Map Page for active XM weather
products displayed on that page.
Viewing legends for displayed weather products (on the XM Weather Data Link Page):
1) Select the XM Weather Data Link Page.
2) Press the LEGEND Softkey to display the legends for the displayed weather products.
Or:
328
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Hazard Avoidance
a) Press the MENU Key.
b) Select ‘Weather Legend’ and press the ENT Key.
3) Turn the FMS Knob to scroll through the legends if more are available than fit in the window.
4) To remove the Legend Window, select the LEGEND Softkey, the ENT or the CLR Key, or press the FMS Knob.
Viewing legends for displayed weather products (on the Navigation Map Page):
1) Select the Navigation Map Page.
2) Select the MAP Softkey.
3) Select the LEGEND Softkey (available if one or more XM weather products are enabled for display).
4) To remove the Legend Window, select the LEGEND Softkey, or press the ENT or the CLR Key, or press the FMS
Knob.
Additional information about the following can be displayed by panning over the display on the map:
• Echo Tops
• County Warnings
• Cell Movement
• TFRs
• SIGMETs
• AIREPs
• AIRMETs
• PIREPs
• METARs
The map panning feature is enabled by pressing the RANGE Knob. The map range is adjusted by turning
the RANGE Knob. If the map range is adjusted while panning is enabled, the map is re-centered on the Map
Pointer.
Additional
Information
on Weather
Feature
Selected with
Map Pointer
Flash Flood
Warning
Selected with
Map Pointer
Figure 6-9 Panning on the Weather Data Link Page
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
329
Hazard Avoidance
NEXRAD
NOTE: NEXRAD cannot be displayed at the same time as terrain.
WSR-88D, or NEXRAD (NEXt-generation RADar), is a network of 158 high-resolution Doppler radar
systems that are operated by the National Weather Service (NWS). NEXRAD data provides centralized
meteorological information for the continental United States and selected overseas locations. The maximum
range of a single NEXRAD radar site is 250 nm. In addition to a wide array of services, the NEXRAD network
provides important information about severe weather and air traffic safety.
NEXRAD data is not real-time. The lapsed time between collection, processing, and dissemination of
NEXRAD images can be significant and may not reflect the current radar synopsis. Due to the inherent delays
and the relative age of the data, it should be used for long-range planning purposes only. Never use NEXRAD
data or any radar data to penetrate hazardous weather. Rather, use it in an early-warning capacity of predeparture and enroute evaluation.
Figure 6-10 NEXRAD Data on the Weather Data Link Page
NEXRAD data can be displayed on the following maps:
• PFD Inset Map
• Trip Planning Page
• Navigation Map Page
• Nearest Pages
• Weather Data Link Page
• Flight Plan Pages
• Airport Information Page
330
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Hazard Avoidance
Displaying NEXRAD weather information:
1) Select the MAP Softkey (for the PFD Inset Map, select the INSET Softkey). This step is not necessary on the
Weather Data Link Page.
2) Select the NEXRAD Softkey.
Composite data from all the NEXRAD radar sites in the United States is shown. This data is composed of
the maximum reflectivity from the individual radar sweeps. The display of the information is color-coded to
indicate the weather severity level. All weather product legends can be viewed on the Weather Data Link Page.
For the NEXRAD legend (Figure 6-11), select the LEGEND Softkey when NEXRAD is selected for display.
No Radar Coverage
Figure 6-11 NEXRAD Legend
The display of radar coverage is always active when either NEXRAD or ECHO TOPS is selected. Areas
where NEXRAD radar coverage and Echo Tops information is not currently available or is not being collected
are indicated in gray shade of-purple.
Reflectivity
Reflectivity is the amount of transmitted power returned to the radar receiver. Colors on the NEXRAD
display are directly correlative to the level of detected reflectivity. Reflectivity as it relates to hazardous
weather can be very complex.
The role of radar is essentially to detect moisture in the atmosphere. Simply put, certain types of weather
reflect radar better than others. The intensity of a radar reflection is not necessarily an indication of the
weather hazard level. For instance, wet hail returns a strong radar reflection, while dry hail does not. Both
wet and dry hail can be extremely hazardous.
The different NEXRAD echo intensities are measured in decibels (dB) relative to reflectivity (Z). NEXRAD
measures the radar reflectivity ratio, or the energy reflected back to the radar receiver (designated by the
letter Z). The value of Z increases as the returned signal strength increases.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
331
Hazard Avoidance
NEXRAD Limitations
NEXRAD radar images may have certain limitations:
• NEXRAD base reflectivity does not provide sufficient information to determine cloud layers or precipitation
characteristics (wet hail vs. rain). For example, it is not possible to distinguish between wet snow, wet
hail, and rain.
• NEXRAD base reflectivity is sampled at the minimum antenna elevation angle. An individual NEXRAD
site cannot depict high altitude storms at close ranges. It has no information about storms directly over
the site.
• When zoomed in to a range of 30 nm, each square block on the display represents an area of four square
kilometers. The intensity level reflected by each square represents the highest level of NEXRAD data
sampled within the area (Figure 6-12).
Block Area is 4 km2
Figure 6-12 NEXRAD Data - Zoomed
The following may cause abnormalities in displayed NEXRAD radar images:
• Ground clutter
• Strobes and spurious radar data
• Sun strobes (when the radar antenna points directly at the sun)
• Interference from buildings or mountains, which may cause shadows
• Metallic dust from military aircraft, which can cause alterations in radar scans
332
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Hazard Avoidance
NEXRAD Limitations (Canada)
• Radar coverage extends to 55ºN.
• Any precipitation displayed between 52ºN and 55ºN is displayed as mixed because it is unknown.
No Coverage Above 55ºN
Precipitation
Above 52ºN
Displays as
Mixed
Figure 6-13 NEXRAD Data - Canada
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
333
Hazard Avoidance
Echo Tops
Note: Display of Echo Tops cannot be displayed at the same time as Cloud Tops and NEXRAD.
Echo Tops data (Figure 6-14) shows the location, elevation, and direction of the highest radar echo. The
highest radar echo does not indicate the top of a storm or clouds; rather it indicates the highest altitude at
which precipitation is detected. Information is derived from NEXRAD data.
Figure 6-14 Echo Tops Data
Displaying Echo Tops information:
1) Select the XM Weather Data Link Page.
2) Select the ECHO TOP Softkey.
To display the Echo Tops legend (Figure 6-15), select the LEGEND Softkey when Echo Tops is selected for
display. Since Echo Tops and Cloud Tops use the same color scaling to represent altitude, display of these
weather products is mutually exclusive. When Echo Tops is activated, NEXRAD and Cloud Tops data are
removed.
No Radar Coverage
Figure 6-15 Echo Tops Legend
334
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Hazard Avoidance
The display of radar coverage is always active when either NEXRAD or ECHO TOPS is selected. Areas
where NEXRAD radar coverage and Echo Tops information is not currently available or is not being collected
are indicated in gray shade of purple.
Cloud Tops
Note: Cloud Tops and Echo Tops cannot be displayed at the same time.
Cloud Tops data (Figure 6-16) depicts cloud top altitudes as determined from satellite imagery.
Figure 6-16 Cloud Tops Data
Displaying Cloud Tops information:
1) Select the XM Weather Data Link Page.
2) Select the CLD TOP Softkey.
To display the Cloud Tops legend (Figure 6-17), select the LEGEND Softkey when Cloud Tops is selected for
display. Since Cloud Tops and Echo Tops use the same color scaling to represent altitude, display of these
weather products is mutually exclusive. When Cloud Tops is activated, Echo Tops data is removed.
Figure 6-17 Cloud Tops Legend
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
335
Hazard Avoidance
XM Lightning
Lightning data (Figure 6-18) shows the approximate location of cloud-to-ground lightning strikes. A strike
icon represents a strike that has occurred within a two-kilometer region. The exact location of the lightning
strike is not displayed.
Lightning
Strikes
Figure 6-18 Lightning Data
XM Lightning data displays on the following maps:
• PFD Inset Map
• Trip Planning Page
• Navigation Map Page
• Nearest Pages
• Weather Data Link Page
• Flight Plan Pages
Displaying XM Lightning information:
1) Select the MAP Softkey (for the PFD Inset Map, select the INSET Softkey). This step is not necessary on the XM
Weather Data Link Page.
2) Select the XM LTNG Softkey.
To display the XM Lightning legend on the XM Weather Data Link Page (Figure 6-19), select the LEGEND
Softkey when XM Lightning is selected for display.
Figure 6-19 Lightning Legend
336
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Hazard Avoidance
Cell Movement
Cell Movement data (Figure 6-20) shows the location and movement of storm cells as identified by the
ground-based system. Cells are represented by yellow squares, with direction of movement indicated with
short, orange arrows.
Storm Cells
Figure 6-20 Cell Movement Data
On most applicable maps, Cell Movement data is selected for display along with NEXRAD. On the XM
Weather Data Link Page, Cell Movement data can be selected independently. Cell Movement data can be
displayed on the following maps:
• PFD Inset Map
• AUX - Trip Planning Page
•Navigation Map
• Nearest Pages
Displaying Cell Movement information:
1) Select the MAP Softkey (for the PFD Inset Map, select the INSET Softkey). This step is not necessary on the XM
Weather Data Link Page.
2) Select the NEXRAD Softkey (CEL MOV Softkey on the XM Weather Data Link Page). For Cell Movement to
be displayed on maps other than the XM Weather Data Link Page, Cell Movement must be turned on in the
Navigation Map Setup Menu (see “Setting Up XM Satellite Weather”).
To display the Cell Movement legend on the XM Weather Data Link Page, (Figure 6-21), select the LEGEND
Softkey when Cell Movement is selected for display.
Figure 6-21 Cell Movement Legend
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
337
Hazard Avoidance
SIGMETs and AIRMETs
SIGMET (SIGnificant METeorological Information) and AIRMET (AIRmen’s METeorological Information)
are issued for potentially hazardous weather. A Convective SIGMET is issued for hazardous convective
weather such as severe or widespread thunderstorms.
AIRMET IFR
AIRMET Turbulence
Figure 6-22 SIGMET/AIRMET Data
Displaying SIGMETs and AIRMETs:
1) Select the XM Weather Data Link Page.
2) Select the SIG/AIR Softkey.
3) To view the text of the SIGMET or AIRMET, press the RANGE Knob and move the Map Pointer over the
icon.
4) Press the ENT key. Figure 6-23 shows sample SIGMET text.
To display the SIGMET and AIRMET legend (Figure 6-24), select the LEGEND Softkey when SIGMETs and
AIRMETs are selected for display.
Figure 6-23 Sample SIGMET Text
338
Figure 6-24 SIGMET/AIRMET Legend
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Hazard Avoidance
METARs and TAFs
NOTE: Atmospheric pressure as reported for METARs is given in hectopascals (hPa), except for in the United
States, where it is reported in inches of mercury (in Hg). Temperatures are reported in Celsius.
Note: METAR information is only displayed within the installed aviation database service area.
METARs (METeorological Aerodrome Reports) typically contain information about the temperature,
dewpoint, wind, precipitation, cloud cover, cloud base heights, visibility, and barometric pressure at an
airport or observation station. They can also contain information on precipitation amounts, lightning, and
other critical data. METARs reflect hourly observations; non-routine updates include the code “SPECI” in the
report. METARs are shown as colored flags at airports that provide them.
Instructions for
Viewing METAR
and TAF Text
Selected Airport
Figure 6-25 METAR Flags on the Weather Data Link Page
TAFs (Terminal Aerodrome Forecasts) are weather predictions for specific airports within a 24- hour period,
and may span up to 36 hours. TAFs typically include forecast wind, visibility, weather phenomena, and sky
conditions using METAR codes.
METAR and TAF text are displayed on the Weather Information Page. METAR data is displayed first in a
decoded fashion, then as raw text. TAF information is displayed only in its raw form when it is available
Displaying METAR and TAF text:
1) On the XM Weather Data Link Page, select the METAR Softkey.
2) Press the RANGE Knob and pan to the desired airport.
3) Press the ENT Key. The Weather Information Page is shown with METAR and TAF text.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
339
Hazard Avoidance
4) Use the FMS Knob or the ENT Key to scroll through the METAR and TAF text. METAR text must be completely
scrolled through before scrolling through the TAF text.
5) Press the FMS Knob or the CLR Key to return to the XM Weather Data Link Page.
Or:
1) Select the Weather Information Page.
a) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the Waypoint Page Group.
b) Select the WX Softkey to select the Weather Information Page.
2) Press the FMS Knob to display the cursor.
3) Use the FMS Knob to enter the desired airport and press the ENT Key.
4) Use the FMS Knob or the ENT Key to scroll through the METAR and TAF text. Note that the METAR text must
be completely scrolled through before scrolling through the TAF text.
METAR Text for the
Selected Airport
METAR Symbol
TAF Text for the
Selected Airport
Figure 6-26 METAR and TAF Text on the Weather Information Page
To display the METAR legend on the XM Weather Data Link Page (Figure 6-27), select the LEGEND Softkey
when METARs are selected for display.
The METAR flag color is determined by the information in the METAR text. A gray METAR flag is displayed
when the METAR text does not contain adequate information.
Figure 6-27 METAR Legend
340
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Hazard Avoidance
Surface Analysis and City Forecast
Note: Surface Analysis and City Forecast data are displayed only within the installed Aviation Database
service area.
Surface Analysis and City Forecast information is available for current and forecast weather conditions.
Forecasts are available for intervals of 12, 24, 36, and 48 hours.
Figure 6-28 Current Surface Analysis Data
Displaying Surface Analysis and City Forecast information:
1) Select the XM Weather Data Link Page.
2) Select the MORE WX Softkey.
3) Select the SFC Softkey.
4) Select the desired forecast time: CURRENT, 12 HR, 24 HR, 36 HR, or 48 HR. The SFC Softkey label changes
to reflect the forecast time selected.
To display the Surface Analysis and City Forecast legend (Figure 6-29), select the LEGEND Softkey when
Surface Analysis and City Forecast are selected to be displayed.
Figure 6-29 Surface Analysis Legend
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
341
Hazard Avoidance
Freezing Levels
Freezing Level data shows the color-coded contour lines for the altitude and location at which the first
isotherm is found (Figure 6-30). When no data is displayed for a given altitude, the data for that altitude has
not been received, or is out of date and has been removed from the display. New data appears at the next
update.
Figure 6-30 Freezing Level Data
Displaying Freezing Level information:
1) Select the XM Weather Data Link Page.
2) Select the MORE WX Softkey.
3) Select the FRZ LVL Softkey.
To display the Freezing Level legend (Figure 6-31), select the LEGEND Softkey when Freezing Level data is
selected to be displayed.
Figure 6-31 Freezing Level Legend
342
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Hazard Avoidance
Winds Aloft
Winds Aloft data (Figure 6-32) shows the forecasted wind speed and direction at the surface and at selected
altitudes. Altitude can be displayed in 3,000-foot increments up to 42,000 feet MSL.
Displaying Winds Aloft data:
1) Select the XM Weather Data Link Page.
2) Select the MORE WX Softkey.
3) Select the WIND Softkey.
4) Select the desired altitude level: SFC (surface) up to 42,000 feet. Select the NEXT or PREV Softkey to cycle
through the altitude softkeys. The WIND Softkey label changes to reflect the altitude selected.
Figure 6-32 Winds Aloft Data at 30,000 Feet
To display the Winds Aloft legend (Figure 6-33), select the LEGEND Softkey when Winds Aloft is
selected for display.
Figure 6-33 Winds Aloft Data with Legend
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
343
Hazard Avoidance
County Warnings
County data (Figure 6-34) provides specific public awareness and protection weather warnings from the
National Weather Service (NWS). This can include information on fires, tornadoes, severe thunderstorms,
flood conditions, and other natural disasters.
Additional
Information
on Flood
Warning
Selected
with Map
Pointer
Flood
Warning
Figure 6-34 County Flood Warning
Displaying County Warning information:
1) Select the XM Weather Data Link Page.
2) Select the MORE WX Softkey.
3) Select the COUNTY Softkey.
To display the County Warnings legend (Figure 6-35), select the LEGEND Softkey when County Warnings
are selected to be displayed.
Figure 6-35 County Warnings Legend
344
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Hazard Avoidance
Cyclone
The Cyclone weather product (Figure 6-36) shows the current location of cyclones (hurricanes), tropical
storms, and their projected tracks.
Cyclone
Figure 6-36 Cyclone Data Selected for Display
Displaying cyclone (hurricane) track information:
1) Select the XM Weather Data Link Page.
2) Select the MORE WX Softkey.
3) Select the CYCLONE Softkey.
To display the Cyclone legend (Figure 6-37), select the LEGEND Softkey when Cyclones are selected to be
displayed.
Figure 6-37 Cyclone Legend
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
345
Hazard Avoidance
Icing (CIP & SLD)
Current Icing Product (CIP) data shows a graphical view of the current icing environment (Figure 6-38).
Icing severity is displayed in four categories: light, moderate, severe, and extreme (not specific to aircraft type).
The CIP product is not a forecast, but a presentation of the current conditions at the time of the analysis.
Supercooled Large Droplet (SLD) icing conditions are characterized by the presence of relatively large,
super cooled water droplets indicative of freezing drizzle and freezing rain aloft. SLD threat areas are depicted
as magenta dots over the CIP colors.
Displaying Icing data:
1) Select the XM Weather Data Link Page.
2) Press the MORE WX Softkey.
3) Press the ICNG Softkey.
4) Select the desired altitude level: 1,000 feet up to 30,000 feet. Press the NEXT or PREV Softkey to cycle through
the altitude softkeys. The ICNG Softkey label changes to reflect the altitude selected.
Icing
Potential
SLD
Threat
Figure 6-38 Icing Data at 21,000 Feet
To display the Icing Potential legend (Figure 6-39), press the LEGEND Softkey when Icing is selected for
display.
Figure 6-39 Icing Potential Legend
346
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Hazard Avoidance
Turbulence
Turbulence data (Figure 6-40) identifies the potential for erratic movement of high-altitude air mass
associated winds. Turbulence is classified as light, moderate, severe or extreme, at altitudes between 21,000
and 45,000 feet. Turbulence data is intended to supplement AIRMETs and SIGMETs.
Displaying Turbulence data:
1) Select the XM Weather Data Link Page.
2) Press the MORE WX Softkey.
3) Press the TURB Softkey.
4) Select the desired altitude level: 21,000 feet up to 45,000 feet. Press the NEXT or PREV Softkey to cycle
through the altitude softkeys. The TURB Softkey label changes to reflect the altitude selected.
Severe
Turbulence
Moderate
Turbulence
Light
Turbulence
Figure 6-40 Turbulence Data at 21,000 Feet
To display the Turbulence legend (Figure 6-41), press the LEGEND Softkey when Turbulence is selected
for display.
Figure 6-41 Turbulence Legend
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
347
Hazard Avoidance
PIREPs and AIREPs
Pilot Weather Reports (PIREPs) describe in-flight weather encountered by pilots. When significant weather
conditions are reported or forecast, Air Traffic Control (ATC) facilities are required to solicit PIREPs. A PIREP
may contain unforecast adverse weather conditions, such as low in-flight visibility, icing conditions, wind
shear, turbulence, and type of aircraft flown. PIREPs are issued as either Routine (UA) or Urgent (UUA).
Another type of PIREP is an Air Report (AIREP). AIREPs are used almost exclusively by commercial
airlines.
Instructions for
Viewing PIREP
and AIREP Text
Urgent
PIREP
Routine
PIREP
Selected
AIREP
Figure 6-42 AIREPs and PIREPs on the Weather Data Link Page
Displaying PIREP and AIREP text:
1) Select the XM Weather Data Link Page.
2) Press the MORE WX Softkey.
3) Press the AIREPS or PIREPS Softkey.
4) Press the RANGE Knob and pan to the desired weather report. A gray circle will appear around the weather
report when it is selected.
5) Press the ENT Key. The Weather Information Page is shown with PIREP or AIREP text. The data is first displayed
in a decoded fashion, then as raw text.
6) Use the FMS Knob or the ENT Key to scroll through the PIREP or AIREP text.
7) Press the FMS Knob or the CLR Key to return to the XM Weather Data Link Page.
348
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Hazard Avoidance
Age of report in HH:MM
Decoded PIREP Text
Raw PIREP Text
Selected PIREP
Figure 6-43 PIREP Text on the Weather Information Page
To display the PIREP or AIREP legend (Figure 6-44), press the LEGEND Softkey when PIREPs or AIREPs
are selected for display.
The PIREP color is determined by the type (routine or urgent).
Figure 6-44 AIREPs & PIREPs Legend
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
349
Hazard Avoidance
6.2 Airborne Color Weather Radar
System Description
The Garmin GWX 68 Airborne Color Weather Radar is a 4-color digital pulsed radar with 6.5 kilowatts
of output power. It combines excellent range and adjustable scanning profiles with a high-definition target
display. The pulse width is four microseconds (µs) on all ranges except the 2.5 nm range. The GWX 68
uses a one µs pulse width at this range to reduce the targets smearing together on the display for better target
definition at close range.
The Embraer Phenom 100 uses a 12-inch phased array antenna that is fully stabilized to accommodate 30º
of pitch and roll.
To focus radar scanning on specific areas, Sector Scanning offers pilot-adjustable horizontal scan angles of
20º, 40º, 60º, or 90º. A vertical scanning function helps to analyze storm tops, gradients, and cell buildup
activity at various altitudes.
Radar features include:
• Extended Sensitivity Time Constant (STC) logic that automatically correlates distance of the return echo with
intensity, so cells do not suddenly appear to get larger as they get closer.
• WATCH® (Weather ATtenuated Color Highlight) helps identify possible shadowing effects of short-range
cell activity, identifying areas where radar return signals are weakened or attenuated by intense precipitation
(or large areas of lesser precipitation) and may not fully reflect the weather behind a storm.
• Weather Alert that looks ahead for intense cell activity in the 80-320 nm range, even if these ranges are not
being monitored.
Principles of Pulsed Airborne Weather Radar
The term RADAR is an acronym for RAdio Detecting And Ranging. Pulsed radar locates targets by transmitting
a microwave pulse beam that, upon encountering a target, is reflected back to the radar receiver as a return
echo. The microwave pulses are focused and radiated by the antenna, with the most intense energy in the
center of the beam and decreasing intensity near the edge. The same antenna is used for both transmitting and
receiving. The returned signal is then processed and displayed on the MFD.
Radar detection is a two-way process that requires 12.36 µs for the transmitted microwave pulses to travel
out and back for each nautical mile of target range. It takes 123.6 µs for a transmitted pulse to make the round
trip if a target is ten nautical miles away.
Airborne weather radar should be used to avoid severe weather, not for penetrating severe weather. The
decision to fly into an area of radar targets depends on target intensity, spacing between the targets, aircraft
capabilities, and pilot experience. Pulse type weather radar detects only precipitation, not clouds or turbulence.
The display may indicate clear areas between intense returns, but this does not necessarily mean it is safe to fly
between them. Only Doppler radar can detect turbulence.
Airborne weather radar has other capabilities beyond weather detection. It also has the ability to detect and
provide distance to cities, mountains, coastlines, rivers, lakes, and oceans.
350
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Hazard Avoidance
NEXRAD and Airborne Weather Radar
Both Airborne Weather Radar and NEXRAD measure weather reflectivity in decibels (dB). A decibel is a
logarithmic expression of the ratio of two quantities. Airborne Weather Radar measures the ratio of power
against the gain of the antenna, while NEXRAD measures the energy reflected back to the radar, or the radar
reflectivity ratio.
Both systems use colors to identify the different echo intensities, but the colors are not interchangeable.
Airborne color radar values used by Garmin Airborne Color Weather Radar should not be confused with
NEXRAD radar values.
Antenna Beam Illumination
The radar beam is much like the beam of a spotlight. The further the beam travels, the wider it becomes.
The radar is only capable of seeing what is inside the boundaries of the beam. The figure below depicts
a radar beam’s characteristics. The figure illustrates vertical dimensions of the radar beam, although the
same holds true for the horizontal dimensions. In other words, the beam is as wide as it is tall. Note that
it is possible to miss areas of precipitation on the radar display because of the antenna tilt setting. With the
antenna tilt set to zero in this illustration, the beam overshoots the precipitation at 15 nautical miles.
Altitude (x1000 ft.)
80
Antenna at Zero Tilt
18,000 ft.
8°
0
0
15
Half Power at
s
Beam Sidelobe
Max Power at Beam Center
18,000 ft.
30
45
60
75
90
Range (nautical miles)
Figure 6-45 Radar Beam from a 12 inch Antenna
The curvature of the earth can also be a factor in missing areas of precipitation, especially at range settings
of 150 nautical miles or more. Here the beam overshoots the precipitation at less than 320 nautical miles.
320 nm
Figure 6-46 Radar Beam in Relation to the Curvature of the Earth
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
351
Hazard Avoidance
Radar Signal Attenuation
The phenomenon of radar signal attenuation affects the operation of weather radar. When the radar signal
is transmitted, it is progressively absorbed and scattered, making the signal weaker. This weakening, or
attenuation, is caused by two primary sources, distance and precipitation.
Attenuation because of distance is due to the fact that the radar energy leaving the antenna is inversely
proportional to the square of the distance. The reflected radar energy from a target 40 miles away that fills
the radar beam is one fourth the energy reflected from an equivalent target 20 miles away. This would appear
to the operator that the storm is gaining intensity as the aircraft gets closer. Internal signal processing within
the GWX 68 system compensates for much of this distance attenuation.
Attenuation due to precipitation is not as predictable as distance attenuation. It is also more intense. As the
radar signal passes through moisture, a portion of the radar energy is reflected back to the antenna. However,
much of the energy is absorbed. If precipitation is very heavy, or covers a large area, the signal may not
reach completely through the area of precipitation. The weather radar system cannot distinguish between an
attenuated signal and an area of no precipitation. If the signal has been fully attenuated, the radar displays
a radar shadow. This appears as an end to the precipitation when, in fact, the heavy rain may extend much
further. A cell containing heavy precipitation may block another cell located behind the first, preventing it
from being displayed on the radar. Never fly into these shadowed areas and never assume that all of the heavy
precipitation is being displayed unless another cell or a ground target can be seen beyond the heavy cell. The
WATCH® feature of the GWX 68 Weather Radar system can help in identifying these shadowed areas. Areas
in question appear as shadowed or gray on the radar display. Proper use of the antenna tilt control can also
help detect radar shadows.
Attenuation can also be due to poor maintenance or degradation of the radome. Even the smallest amount of
wear and scratching, pitting, and pinholes on the radome surface can cause damage and system inefficiency.
Radar Signal Reflectivity
Precipitation
Precipitation or objects more dense than water, such as the surface of the earth or solid structures, are
detected by the weather radar. The weather radar does not detect clouds, thunderstorms, or turbulence
directly. It detects precipitation associated with clouds, thunderstorms, and turbulence. The best radar
signal reflectors are raindrops, wet snow, or wet hail. The larger the raindrop, the better the reflectivity. The
size of the precipitation droplet is the most important factor in radar reflectivity. Because large drops in a
small concentrated area are characteristic of a severe thunderstorm, the radar displays the storm as a strong
return. Ice crystals, dry snow, and dry hail have low levels of reflectivity as shown in the illustration, and
often not displayed by the radar. Additionally, a cloud that contains only small raindrops, such as fog or
drizzle, does not reflect enough radar energy to produce a measurable target return.
352
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Hazard Avoidance
Figure 6-47 Precipitation Type and Reflectivity
Ground Returns
The intensity of ground target returns depends upon the angle at which the radar beam strikes the
ground target (Angle of Incidence) and the reflective properties of that target. The gain can be adjusted so
shorelines, rivers, lakes, and cities are well defined. Increasing the gain too much causes the display to fill
in between targets, thus obscuring some landmarks.
Cities normally provide a strong return signal. While large buildings and structures provide good returns,
small buildings can be shadowed from the radar beam by the taller buildings. As the aircraft approaches
and shorter ranges are selected, details become more noticeable as the highly reflective regular lines and
edges of the city become more defined.
Bodies of water such as lakes, rivers, and oceans are not good reflectors and normally do not provide good
returns. The energy is reflected in a forward scatter angle with inadequate energy being returned. They
can appear as dark areas on the display. However, rough or choppy water is a better reflector and provides
stronger returns from the downwind sides of the waves.
Mountains also provide strong return signals to the antenna, but also block the areas behind. However,
over mountainous terrain, the radar beam can be reflected back and forth in the mountain passes or off
canyon walls, using up all or most of the radar energy. In this case, no return signal is received from this
area, causing the display to show a dark spot which could indicate a pass where no pass exists.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
353
Hazard Avoidance
Angle of Incidence
The angle at which the radar beam strikes the target is called the Angle of Incidence. The figure illustrates
the incident angle (‘A’). This directly affects the detectable range, the area of illumination, and the intensity
of the displayed target returns. A large incident angle gives the radar system a smaller detectable range and
lower display intensity due to minimized reflection of the radar energy.
Figure 6-48 Angle of Incidence
A smaller incident angle gives the radar a larger detectable range of operation and the target display
shows a higher intensity. Since more radar energy is reflected back to the antenna with a low incident
angle, the resulting detectable range is increased for mountainous terrain.
Safe Operating Distance
The following information establishes a minimum safe distance from the antenna for personnel near
operating weather radar. The minimum safe distance is based on the FCC’s exposure limit at 9.3 to 9.5 GHz
for general population/uncontrolled environments, which is 1 mW/cm2. See Advisory Circular 20-68B for
more information on safe distance determination.
Maximum Permissible Exposure Level (MPEL)
The zone in which the radiation level exceeds the US Government standard of 1 mW/cm2 is the semicircular
area of at least 11 feet from the 12-inch antenna. All personnel must remain outside of this zone. With a
scanning or rotating beam, the averaged power density at the MPEL boundary is significantly reduced.
354
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Hazard Avoidance
MPEL
Boundary
11’ for 12”
antenna
Figure 6-49 MPEL Boundary
Basic Antenna Tilt Setup
The following discussion is a simple method for setting up the weather radar antenna tilt for most situations.
It is not to be considered an all encompassing setup that works in all situations, but this method does provide
good overall parameters for the monitoring of threats. Ultimately, it is desired to have the antenna tilted so that
the bottom of the radar beam is four degrees below parallel with the ground. The following example explains
one way of achieving this.
With the aircraft flying level, adjust the antenna tilt so ground returns are displayed at a distance that equals
the aircraft’s current altitude (AGL) divided by 1,000. For example, if the aircraft is at 14,000 feet, adjust the
tilt so the front edge of ground returns are displayed at 14 nautical miles. Note this antenna tilt angle setting.
Now, raise the antenna tilt 6 degrees above this setting. The bottom of the radar beam is now angled down 4º
from parallel with the ground.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
355
Hazard Avoidance
Practical Application Using the Basic Tilt Setup
With the antenna tilt set as previously described, any displayed target return should be scrutinized when
flying at altitudes between 2,000 and 30,000 feet AGL. If the displayed target advances on the screen to
within 5 nautical miles of the aircraft, avoid it. This may be either weather or ground returns that are 2,000
feet or less below the aircraft. Raising the antenna tilt 4 degrees can help separate ground returns from
weather returns in relatively flat terrain. This aligns the bottom of the radar beam parallel with the ground.
Return the antenna tilt to the previous setting after a few sweeps.
If the aircraft is above 29,000 feet, be cautious of any target return that gets to within 30 nautical miles.
This is likely a thunderstorm that has a top high enough that the aircraft cannot fly over it safely.
If the aircraft altitude is 15,000 feet or lower, setting the displayed range to 60 miles may be more helpful.
Closely monitor anything that enters the display.
4000
Change in Antenna Tilt
+4°
+3°
+2°
+1°
0°
-1°
-2°
-3°
-4°
3000
2000
1000
0
1000
2000
3000
10 nm
4000
Vertical Change of Radar Beam (feet)
Also, after setting up the antenna tilt angle as described previously, ground returns can be monitored for
possible threats. The relationship between antenna tilt angle, altitude, and distance is one degree of tilt
equals 100 feet of altitude for every one nautical mile.
Figure 6-50 Vertical Change in Radar Beam per Nautical Mile
Therefore, with the antenna tilt set so that the bottom of the beam is four degrees below parallel with
the ground, a target return at 10 nm is approximately 4,000 feet below the aircraft; at 20 nm, 8,000 feet;
at 50 nm, 20,000 feet. In other words, at this tilt setting, a ground return (such as a mountain peak) being
displayed at 10 nm would have a maximum distance below the aircraft of 4,000 feet. A ground target return
being displayed at 5 nm would have a maximum distance below the aircraft of 2,000 feet.
This setup provides a good starting point for practical use of the GWX 68. There are many other factors to
consider in order to become proficient at using weather radar in all situations.
356
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Hazard Avoidance
Weather Mapping and Interpretation
Weather Display Interpretation
When evaluating various target returns on the weather radar display, the colors denote precipitation
intensity and rates shown in the table.
Weather Mode Color
Intensity
Black
Green
Yellow
Red
Magenta
< 23 dBZ
23 dBZ to < 32 dBZ
32 dBZ to < 41 dBZ
41 dBZ to < 50 dBZ
50 dBZ and greater
Approximate
Precipitation Rate
(in/hr.)
< .01.
.01 - 0.1.
0.1 - 0.5
0.5 - 2
>2
Table 6-3 Precipitation Intensity Levels
Thunderstorms
Updrafts and downdrafts in thunderstorms carry water through the cloud. The more severe the drafts, the
greater the number and size of the precipitation droplets. With this in mind, the following interpretations
can be made from what is displayed on the weather radar. Avoid these areas by an extra wide margin.
• In areas where the displayed target intensity is red or magenta (indicating large amounts of precipitation),
the turbulence is considered severe.
• Areas that show steep color gradients (intense color changes) over thin bands or short distances suggest
irregular rainfall rate and strong turbulence.
• Areas that show red or magenta are associated with hail or turbulence, as well as heavy precipitation. Vertical scanning and antenna tilt management may be necessary to identify areas of maximum
intensity.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
357
Hazard Avoidance
Along squall lines (multiple cells or clusters of cells in a line) individual cells may be in different stages
of development. Areas between closely spaced, intense targets may contain developing clouds not having
enough moisture to produce a return. However, these areas could have strong updrafts or downdrafts.
Targets showing wide areas of green are generally precipitation without severe turbulence.
Irregularities in the target return may also indicate turbulence, appearing as hooks, fingers, or scalloped
edges. These irregularities may be present in green areas with no yellow, red, or magenta areas and should
be treated as highly dangerous areas. Avoid these areas as if they are red or magenta.
Squall Line
Steep Gradient
Hook or Finger
Scalloped Edge
Figure 6-51 Cell Irregularities
Thunderstorm development is rapid. A course may become blocked within a short time. When displaying
shorter ranges, periodically select a longer range to see if problems are developing further out. That can
help prevent getting trapped in a blind alley or an area that is closed at one end by convective weather.
Figure 6-52 The Blind Alley - Horizontal Scan
358
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Hazard Avoidance
In areas of multiple heavy cells, use the Vertical Scan feature along with antenna tilt management to
examine the areas. Remember to avoid shadowed areas behind targets.
The Blind Alley at Close Range
The Large Storm Behind
Figure 6-53 The Blind Alley
Tornadoes
There are no conclusive radar target return characteristics which identify a tornado. However, tornadoes
may be present if the following characteristics are observed:
• A narrow, finger-like portion extends and in a short time curls into a hook and closes on itself.
• A hook, which may be in the general shape of the numeral 6 (numeral 9 in the southern hemisphere),
especially if bright and projecting from the southwest quadrant (northeast quadrant in the southern
hemisphere) of a major thunderstorm.
• V-shaped notches.
• Doughnut shapes.
These shapes do not always indicate tornadoes, and tornado returns are not limited to these characteristics.
Confirmed radar observations of tornadoes most often have not shown shapes different from those of a
normal thunderstorm display.
Hail
Hail results from updrafts carrying water high enough to freeze. Therefore, the higher the top of a
thunderstorm, the greater the probability that it contains hail. Vertically scanning the target return can
give the radar top of a thunderstorm that contains hail. Radar top is the top of a storm cell as detected by
radar. It is not the actual top, or true top of the storm. The actual top of a storm cell is seen with the eyes
in clear air and may be much higher than the radar top. The actual top does not indicate the top of the
hazardous area.
Hail can fall below the minimum reflectivity threshold for radar detection. It can have a film of water on
its surface, making its reflective characteristics similar to a very large water droplet. Because of this film of
water, and because hail stones usually are larger than water droplets, thunderstorms with large amounts
of wet hail return stronger signals than those with rain. Some hail shafts are extremely narrow (100 yards
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
359
Hazard Avoidance
or less) and make poor radar targets. In the upper regions of a cell where ice particles are dry (no liquid
coating), target returns are less intense.
Hail shafts are associated with the same radar target return characteristics as tornados. U-shaped cloud
edges three to seven miles across can also indicate hail. These target returns appear quite suddenly along
any edge of the cell outline. They also change in intensity and shape in a matter of seconds, making vigilant
monitoring essential.
Operation in Weather Mode
WARNING: Begin transmitting only when it is safe to do so. When transmitting while the aircraft is on the
ground, no personnel or objects should be within 11 feet of the antenna.
CAUTION: In Standby mode, the antenna is parked at the center line. It is always a good idea to put the
radar in Standby mode before taxiing the aircraft to prevent the antenna from bouncing on the bottom stop
and possibly causing damage to the radar assembly.
When the weather radar system is in the Weather or Ground Map mode, the system automatically switches
to Standby mode on landing.
In Reversionary mode, the weather radar system automatically switches to Standby mode. The system
remains in Standby mode until both displays are restored. In Reversionary mode, the weather radar system
cannot be controlled.
Radar Mode
Scan Line
Antenna Stabilization Status
Figure 6-54 Horizontal Scan Display
360
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Hazard Avoidance
Displaying weather on the Weather Radar Page:
1) Select the Weather Radar Page in the Map Page Group with the FMS Knob.
2) Select the MODE Softkey.
3) While on the ground, select the STANDBY Softkey. A 1 minute warm-up period is initiated (countdown is
displayed on the screen). After the warm-up is complete, the radar enters the Standby Mode.
a)
Select the WEATHER Softkey. A confirmation window is displayed.
Figure 6-55 Confirming Activating Radar
b)
Turn the small FMS Knob to highlight YES and press the ENT Key to continue radar activation.
OR:
If the aircraft is airborne, select the WEATHER Softkey. A 1 minute warm-up period is initiated (countdown is
displayed on the screen). After the warm-up is complete, the radar begins transmitting.
4) Turn the RANGE Knob to select the desired map range.
5) The horizontal scan is initially displayed (Figure 6-54). If desired, select the VERTICAL Softkey to change to
vertical scanning.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
361
Hazard Avoidance
Vertically scanning a storm cell:
NOTE: Vertical scanning of a storm cell should be done with the aircraft wings level to avoid constant
adjustment of the Bearing Line.
1) While in the Horizontal Scan view, select the BRG Softkey. This places the cursor in the BEARING field and
displays the Bearing Line.
If the Bearing Line is not displayed, press the MENU Key and turn the large FMS Knob to select Show Bearing
Line. Press the ENT Key.
2) Press the ENT Key.
3) Turn the small FMS Knob to place the Bearing Line on the desired storm cell or other area to be vertically
scanned.
Scan Line
Bearing Line
Figure 6-56 Bearing Line on Horizontal Scan
4) Select the VERTICAL Softkey. A vertical scan of the selected area is displayed (Figure 6-57).
5) The small FMS Knob may be used to move the scanned bearing line a few degrees right or left.
6) Turn the RANGE Knob to adjust the range.
7) Press the FMS Knob to remove the cursor.
8) To select a new area to be vertically scanned, select the HORIZON Softkey to return to the Horizontal Scan view
and repeat the previous steps.
The RANGE Knob can also be used to adjust bearing from left to right.
362
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Hazard Avoidance
Figure 6-57 Vertical Scan Display
Adjusting Antenna Tilt Angle
In order to make an accurate interpretation of a storm cell, the radar beam should be pointed at the wet
part of the weather cell to record the proper rainfall intensity (color level). The ideal aiming point is just
below the freezing level of the storm. The best way to find this point is to use the Vertical Scan feature. The
antenna tilt angle can be centered on the strongest return area in the vertical scan to get a more accurate
view of the coverage and intensity of the target in the horizontal scan.
Adjusting antenna tilt on the Horizontal Scan display:
1) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor in the TILT field.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the desired antenna tilt angle.
3) Press the ENT Key.
4) Press the FMS Knob to remove the cursor.
The RANGE Knob can also be used to adjust tilt up and down.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
363
Hazard Avoidance
Adjusting antenna tilt on the Vertical Scan display:
1) Select the TILT Softkey to activate the cursor in the TILT field and display the Tilt Line.
If the Tilt Line is not displayed, press the MENU Key and turn the large FMS Knob to select Show Tilt Line. Press
the ENT Key.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to adjust the antenna tilt angle. The selected tilt angle is implemented when Horizontal
Scan is selected again.
The RANGE Knob can also be used to adjust tilt.
Tilt Line
Scan Line
Figure 6-58 Adjusting Tilt on Vertical Scan Display
364
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Hazard Avoidance
Adjusting Gain
WARNING: Changing the gain in weather mode causes precipitation intensity to be displayed as a color
not representative of the true intensity. Remember to return the gain setting to Calibrated for viewing the
actual intensity of precipitation.
1) Select the GAIN Softkey to activate the cursor in the GAIN field.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to adjust the gain for the desirable level. The gain setting is visible in the GAIN field
as a movable horizontal bar in a flashing box. The line pointer is a reference depicting the calibrated position.
3) Press the FMS Knob to remove the cursor.
4) Select the GAIN Softkey again to recalibrate the gain. CALIBRATED is displayed in the GAIN field.
Manual Gain Set Below Calibrated
Calibrated Gain
Figure 6-59 Gain Calibration
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
365
Hazard Avoidance
Sector Scan
1) While in horizontal scan mode, select the BRG Softkey to display the Bearing Line and place the cursor in the
BEARING field. If the Bearing Line is not displayed, press the MENU Key and turn the large FMS Knob to select
Show Bearing Line.
2) Press the ENT Key.
Figure 6-60 Selecting Sector Scan Position
3) Turn the small FMS Knob to place the Bearing Line in the desired position. The location of the Bearing Line
becomes the center point of the Sector Scan.
4) Turn the large FMS Knob to place the cursor in the SECTOR SCAN field.
5) Turn the small FMS Knob to select FULL, 60˚, 40˚, or 20˚ scan.
6) If desired, readjust the Bearing Line as discussed previously to change the center of the Sector Scan.
7) Select the BRG Softkey again to remove the Bearing Line and cursor. The bearing reference is reset to 0º.
Figure 6-61 40˚ Sector Scan
366
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Hazard Avoidance
Antenna Stabilization
1) To activate or deactivate the antenna stabilization, select the MODE Softkey.
2) Select the STAB ON Softkey to activate antenna stabilization or select the STAB OFF Softkey to deactivate. The
current stabilization condition is shown in the upper right of the weather radar display.
Weather Attenuated Color Highlight (WATCH®)
WATCH® identifies deceptively strong or unknown intensity parts of a storm. While in horizontal scan
mode, this feature can be used as a tool to determine areas of possible inaccuracies in displayed intensity due
to weakening of the radar energy. This weakening is known as attenuation. The radar energy weakens as
it passes through areas of intense precipitation, large areas of lesser precipitation, and distance. Issues with
the radome attenuates the radar energy. All these factors have an effect on the return intensity. The more
energy that dissipates, the lesser the displayed intensity of the return. Accuracy of the displayed intensity
of returns located in the shaded areas are suspect. Make maneuvering decisions with this information in
mind. Proper antenna tilt management should still be employed to determine the extent of attenuation in
a shaded area.
To activate or deactivate the WATCH® feature, select the WATCH Softkey.
Displayed intensity is questionable.
Potentially stronger than displayed.
Horizontal Scan Without WATCH®
Areas of
Attenuated Signal
Horizontal Scan With WATCH®
Figure 6-62 Horizontal Scan Without and With WATCH®
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
367
Hazard Avoidance
Weather Alert
The Weather Alert feature indicates the presence of heavy precipitation between the ranges of 80 and 320
nm regardless of the currently displayed range. Weather Alert targets appear as red bands along the outer
range ring at the approximate azimuth of the detected returns.
If a Weather Alert is detected within ±10° of the aircraft heading, an alert is displayed on the PFD in the
Messages Window.
If the antenna tilt is adjusted too low, a weather alert can be generated by ground returns. To avoid
unwanted weather alerts, deselect the WX ALRT Softkey..
Weather Alerts
Figure 6-63 Weather Alert Indications
To activate or deactivate Weather Alerts, select the WX ALRT Softkey. Activating and deactivating enables
or inhibits the alert on the PFD.
Figure 6-64 Weather Alert on PFD
368
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Hazard Avoidance
Ground Mapping and Interpretation
A secondary use of the weather radar system is for the presentation of terrain. This can be a useful tool for
verifying aircraft position. A picture of the ground is represented much like a topographical map that can be
used as a supplement to the navigation map on the MFD.
Ground Map mode uses a different gain range than Weather mode. Different colors are also used to represent
the intensity levels. The displayed intensity of ground target returns are defined in the table below. Use of the
GAIN and TILT controls help improve contrast so that specific ground targets can be recognized more easily.
As previously discussed, the type and orientation of the target in relation to the aircraft affects the intensity
displayed.
When the weather radar system is in either the Weather or Ground Map mode, the system automatically
switches to Standby mode upon landing.
Ground Map
Mode Color
Black
Light blue
Yellow
Magenta
Blue
Intensity
0 dB
> 0 dB to < 9 dB
9 dB to < 18 dB
18 dB to < 27 dB
27 dB and greater
Table 6-4 Ground Target Return Intensity Levels
Operation in Ground Map Mode
1) Select the MODE Softkey.
2) Select the GROUND Softkey to place the radar in Ground Map mode.
3) Select the BACK Softkey.
4) Select the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
5) Turn the large FMS Knob to place the cursor in the TILT field.
6) Adjust the antenna tilt angle by turning the small FMS Knob to display ground returns at the desired distance.
7) Press the FMS Knob to remove the cursor.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
369
Hazard Avoidance
6.3 TAWS-B
Warning: Do not use TAWS information for primary terrain avoidance. TAWS is intended only to enhance
situational awareness.
NOTE: Terrain data is not displayed when the aircraft latitude is greater than 75° North or 60° South.
NOTE: The data contained in the TAWS databases comes from government agencies. Garmin accurately
processes and cross-validates the data but cannot guarantee the accuracy and completeness of the data.
TAWS-B (Terrain Awareness and Warning System Class B) is used to increase situational awareness and aid in
reducing controlled flight into terrain (CFIT). TAWS provides visual and aural annunciations when terrain and
obstacles are within the given altitude threshold from the aircraft. The displayed alerts and warnings are advisory
in nature only.
TAWS-B satisfies TSO-C151b Class B requirements for certification.
TAWS-B requires the following to operate properly:
• A valid terrain/obstacle/airport terrain database
• A valid 3-D GPS position solution
TAWS-B uses terrain and obstacle information supplied by government sources. Terrain information is based
on terrain elevation information in a database that may contain inaccuracies. Individual obstructions may be
shown if available in the database. The data undergoes verification by Garmin to confirm accuracy of the content,
per TSO-C151b. However, the displayed information should never be understood as being all-inclusive and data
may be inaccurate.
TAWS-B uses information provided from the GPS receiver to provide a horizontal position and altitude. GPS
altitude is derived from satellite measurements. GPS altitude is converted to a mean sea level (MSL)-based
altitude (GPS-MSL altitude) and is used to determine TAWS-B alerts. GPS-MSL altitude accuracy is affected by
factors such as satellite geometry, but it is not subject to variations in pressure and temperature that normally
affect pressure altitude devices. GPS-MSL altitude does not require local altimeter settings to determine MSL
altitude. Therefore, GPS altitude provides a highly accurate and reliable MSL altitude source to calculate terrain
and obstacle alerts.
The terrain and obstacle databases used by TAWS-B are referenced to mean sea level (MSL). Using the GPS
position and GPS-MSL altitude, TAWS-B displays a 2-D picture of the surrounding terrain and obstacles relative
to the position and altitude of the aircraft. Furthermore, the GPS position and GPS-MSL altitude are used to
calculate and “predict” the aircraft’s flight path in relation to the surrounding terrain and obstacles. In this
manner, TAWS can provide advanced alerts of predicted dangerous terrain conditions.
Baro-corrected altitude (or indicated altitude) is derived by adjusting the altimeter setting for local atmospheric
conditions. The most accurate baro-corrected altitude can be achieved by frequently updating the altimeter
setting to the nearest reporting station along the flight path. However, because actual atmospheric conditions
seldom match the standard conditions defined by the International Standard Atmosphere (ISA) model (where
pressure, temperature, and lapse rates have fixed values), it is common for the baro-corrected altitude (as read
from the altimeter) to differ from the GPS-MSL altitude. This variation results in the aircraft’s true altitude
differing from the baro-corrected altitude.
370
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Hazard Avoidance
Displaying TAWS-B Data
TAWS-B uses yellow (caution) and red (warning) to depict terrain and obstacles (with heights greater than
200 feet above ground level, AGL) alerts relative to aircraft altitude. Colors are adjusted automatically as the
aircraft altitude changes. The colors and symbols in Figure 6-65 and Table 6-5 are used to represent terrain,
obstacles, and potential impact points.
Figure 6-65 Terrain Altitude/Color Correlation for TAWS
Unlighted Obstacle
Lighted Obstacle
Potential
< 1000’ AGL > 1000’ AGL < 1000’ AGL > 1000’ AGL Impact Points
Obstacle Location
WARNING: Red obstacle is above or within
100’ below current aircraft altitude
CAUTION: Yellow obstacle is between 100’
and 1000’ below current aircraft altitude
Table 6-5 TAWS-B Obstacle Colors and Symbology
TAWS-B information can be displayed on the following maps:
• PFD Inset Map
• Trip Planning Page
• Navigation Map Page
• Flight Plan Pages
• TAWS-B Page
Displaying terrain and obstacle information (maps other than the TAWS-B Page):
1) Select the MAP Softkey (for the PFD Inset Map, select the INSET Softkey).
2) Select the TERRAIN Softkey to display terrain and obstacle data.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
371
Hazard Avoidance
When TAWS-B is selected on maps other than the TAWS-B Page, an icon to indicate the feature is enabled for
display and a legend for TAWS-B terrain colors are shown (Figure 6-66).
Figure 6-66 TAWS Icon and Legend
The Navigation Map Page Setup Menu provides a means in addition to the softkey for enabling/disabling
display of terrain and obstacles. The setup menu also controls the map range settings above which terrain and
obstacle data are decluttered from the display. If a map range larger than the map range setting is selected, the
data is removed from the map.
Terrain data can be selected for display independently of obstacle data; however, obstacles for which warnings
and cautions are issued are shown when terrain is selected for display and the map range is within the setting
limit.
Maps besides the TAWS-B Page use settings based on those selected for the Navigation Map Page. The
maximum display ranges for obstacles on each map are dependent on the range setting made for the Navigation
Map. If the maximum range for obstacle display on the Navigation Map is adjusted to below 20 nm, the highest
obstacle display range settings on the other applicable maps are also adjusted proportionally.
372
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Hazard Avoidance
Customizing terrain and obstacle display on the Navigation Map Page:
1) Select the Navigation Map Page.
2) Press the MENU Key.
3) With ‘Map Setup’ highlighted, press the ENT Key (Figure 6-67).
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the ‘Map’ Group and press the ENT Key (Figure 6-68).
5) Turn the large FMS Knob or press the ENT Key to scroll through product selections (Figure 6-69).
• TERRAIN DATA – Turns the display of terrain data on or off and sets maximum range at which terrain is shown
• OBSTACLE DATA – Turns the display of obstacle data on or off and sets maximum range at which obstacles are shown
6) Turn the small FMS Knob to scroll through options for each product (ON/OFF, range settings).
7) Press the ENT Key to select an option.
8) Press the FMS Knob or CLR Key to return to the Navigation Map Page with the changed settings.
Figure 6-67 Navigation Map Page Menu
Figure 6-68 Navigation Map Page Setup Menu
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Figure 6-69 Navigation Map Page Setup Menu, Map Group
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
373
Hazard Avoidance
TAWS-B Page
The TAWS-B Page is specialized to show terrain, obstacle, and potential impact point data in relation to
the aircraft’s current altitude, without clutter from the basemap. Aviation data (airports, VORs, and other
NAVAIDs) can be displayed for reference. If an obstacle and the projected flight path of the aircraft intersect,
the display automatically zooms in to the closest potential point of impact on the TAWS-B Page.
Aircraft orientation on this map is always heading up unless there is no valid heading. Two views are available
relative to the position of the aircraft: the 360° default display and the radar-like ARC (120°) display. Map
range is adjustable with the RANGE Knob from 1 to 200 nm, as indicated by the map range rings (or arcs).
Displaying the TAWS-B Page:
1) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the Map Page Group.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the TAWS-B Page.
Changing the TAWS-B Page view:
1) Select the VIEW Softkey.
2) Select the 360 or ARC Softkey to select the desired view.
Or:
1) Press the MENU Key.
2) Select ‘View Arc’ or ‘View 360º’ (choice dependent on current state) and press the ENT Key to change the view
Showing/hiding aviation information on the TAWS-B Page:
1) Press the MENU Key.
2) Select ‘Show Aviation Data’ or ‘Hide Aviation Data’ (choice dependent on current state) and press the ENT Key.
374
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Hazard Avoidance
Yellow Terrain
(Caution
- Terrain
Between
100’ and
1000’ Below
the Aircraft
Altitude)
Red Terrain
(Warning - Terrain
Above or Within
100’ Below the
Aircraft Altitude)
Black Terrain
(Terrain
More than
1000’ Below
the Aircraft
Altitude)
Map Range Rings
Terrain Legend
Annunciation Window
Figure 6-70 TAWS-B Page
Black Terrain
(Terrain More
than 1000’
Below the
Aircraft Altitude)
Map Range Arc
Yellow Terrain
(Caution
- Terrain
Between
100’ and
1000’ Below
the Aircraft
Altitude)
Red Terrain
(Warning Terrain Above
or Within 100’
Below the
Aircraft Altitude)
Terrain Legend
Annunciation Window
Figure 6-71 TAWS-B Page (ARC View)
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
375
Hazard Avoidance
TAWS-B Alerts
Alerts are issued when flight conditions meet parameters that are set within TAWS-B software algorithms.
TAWS-B alerts typically employ a CAUTION or a WARNING alert severity level, or both. When an alert is
issued, visual annunciations are displayed and aural alerts are simultaneously issued. Table 6-6 shows TAWS
alert types with corresponding annunciations and aural messages.
When an alert is issued, annunciations appear on the PFD and MFD. The TAWS-B Alert Annunciation is
shown to the upper left of the Altimeter on the PFD and below the Terrain Legend on the MFD. If the TAWS-B
Page is not displayed at the time, a pop-up alert appears on the MFD. To acknowledge the pop-up alert:
• Press the CLR Key (returns to the currently viewed page), or
• Press the ENT Key (accesses the TAWS-B Page)
Alert Annunciation
Figure 6-72 TAWS-B PFD Alert Annunciation with SVS
Figure 6-73 Navigation Map Page
TAWS-B Pop-up Alert
Terrain Display Enabled
Terrain Legend
Alert Annunciation
Figure 6-74 Navigation Map Page
(After TAWS-B Pop-up Alert Acknowledgment)
376
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Hazard Avoidance
Alert Type
PFD/MFD TAWS-B
Page
Annunciation
MFD Map Page
Pop-Up Alert
(except TAWS-B Page)
Aural Message
Reduced Required Terrain Clearance
Warning (RTC)
“Terrain, Terrain; Pull Up, Pull Up”
Imminent Terrain Impact Warning (ITI)
“Terrain, Terrain; Pull Up, Pull Up”
Reduced Required Obstacle Clearance
Warning (ROC)
“Obstacle, Obstacle; Pull Up, Pull Up”
Imminent Obstacle Impact Warning
(IOI)
“Obstacle, Obstacle; Pull Up, Pull Up”
Reduced Required Terrain Clearance
Caution (RTC)
“Caution, Terrain; Caution, Terrain”
Imminent Terrain Impact Caution (ITI)
“Caution, Terrain; Caution, Terrain”
Reduced Required Obstacle Clearance
Caution (ROC)
“Caution, Obstacle; Caution, Obstacle”
Imminent Obstacle Impact Caution
(IOI)
“Caution, Obstacle; Caution, Obstacle”
Premature Descent Alert Caution
(PDA)
“Too Low, Terrain”
Negative Climb Rate Caution (NCR)
Altitude Voice Callout (VCO)
*
None
None
“Don’t Sink”
“Five-Hundred”
Table 6-6 TAWS-B Alerts
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
377
Hazard Avoidance
Excessive Descent Rate Alert
The purpose of the Excessive Descent Rate (EDR) alert is to provide suitable notification when the
aircraft is determined to be closing (descending) upon terrain at an excessive speed. Figure 6-75 shows the
parameters for the alert as defined by TSO-C151b.
6000
5500
5000
Height Above Terrain (Feet)
4500
4000
NK
: “SI
ion
Caut
3500
”
RATE
3000
2500
2000
Warning: “PULL UP”
1500
1000
12000
11000
Descent Rate (FPM)
10000
9000
8000
7000
6000
5000
4000
3000
2000
1000
0
0
500
Figure 6-75 Excessive Descent Rate Alert Criteria
Forward Looking Terrain Avoidance (FLTA)
Reduced Required Terrain Clearance (RTC) and Reduced Required Obstacle Clearance (ROC)
alerts are issued when the aircraft flight path is above terrain, yet is projected to come within the minimum
clearance values in Figure 6-76. When an RTC alert is issued, a potential impact point is displayed on the
TAWS-B Page.
Imminent Terrain Impact (ITI) and Imminent Obstacle Impact (IOI) alerts are issued when the
aircraft is below the elevation of a terrain or obstacle cell in the aircraft’s projected path. ITI and IOI alerts are
accompanied by a potential impact point displayed on the TAWS-B Page. The alert is annunciated when the
projected vertical flight path is calculated to come within minimum clearance altitudes in Figure 6-76.
378
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Hazard Avoidance
Required Terrain Clearance
RTC Level (FT)
RTC Descending (FT)
800
700
Required Terrain Clearance (FT)
600
500
400
300
200
100
0
0
5
10
15
20
25
30
Distance From Runway (NM)
Figure 6-76 FLTA Minimum Terrain and Obstacle Values
FLTA alerts are automatically inhibited when the aircraft is less than 200 feet above the destination runway
elevation while within 0.5 nm of the approach runway or the aircraft is between runway ends.
Premature Descent Alerting
A Premature Descent Alert (PDA) is issued when the system detects that the aircraft is significantly
below the normal approach path to a runway (Figure 6-77).
PDA alerting begins when the aircraft is below 700 feet AGL within 15 nm of the destination airport and
ends when the aircraft is 0.5 nm from the runway threshold.
800
Height Above Destination (Feet)
700
600
500
400
300
PDA Alerting Area
200
100
15
14
13
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
0
Distance to Destination (NM)
Figure 6-77 PDA Alerting Threshold
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
379
Hazard Avoidance
PDA and FLTA aural and visual alerts can be manually inhibited. Discretion should be used when
inhibiting TAWS and the system should be enabled when appropriate. When TAWS-B is inhibited, the alert
annunciation ‘TAWS INH’ is shown on the PFD and MFD (Figure 6-78).
Figure 6-78 TAWS Alerting Disabled
(TAWS-B Inhibited) Annunciation
Inhibiting/enabling TAWS-B alerting:
1) Select the TAWS-B Page.
2) Select the INHIBIT Softkey to inhibit or enable TAWS (choice dependent on current state).
Or:
a) Press the MENU Key.
b) Select ‘Inhibit TAWS’ or ‘Enable TAWS’ (choice dependent on current state) and press the ENT Key.
If TAWS-B alerts are inhibited when the Final Approach Fix is the active waypoint in a GPS WAAS approach,
a ‘LOW ALT’ annunciation may appear on the PFD next to the Altimeter if the current aircraft altitude is at
least 164 feet below the prescribed altitude at the Final Approach Fix. See the Flight Instruments Section
for details.
Five-Hundred Aural Alert
The purpose of the aural alert message “Five-hundred” is to provide an advisory alert of when the aircraft
descends to within 500 feet above the terrain or runway threshold. When the aircraft is within 5 nm of
an airport, the “Five Hundred” aural alert is based on the nearest runway threshold elevation. When the
aircraft is more than 5 nm of the nearest airport, the “Five Hundred” aural alert is based on the height above
terrain.
There are no display annunciations or pop-up alerts that accompany the “Five Hundred” aural alert.
Negative Climb Rate After Takeoff Alert
The Negative Climb Rate (NCR) After Takeoff alert (also referred to as “Altitude Loss After Takeoff”)
provides alerts when the system determines the aircraft is losing altitude (closing upon terrain) after takeoff.
The aural message “Don’t Sink” is given for NCR alerts, accompanied by an annunciation and a pop-up
terrain alert on the display. NCR alerting is only active when departing from an airport and when the
following conditions are met:
• Height above the terrain is less than 700 feet
• Distance from the departure airport is 2 nm or less
• Heading change from the departure heading is less than 110 degrees
Figures 6-79 and 6-80 shows the NCR alerting parameters as defined by TSO-C151b.
380
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Hazard Avoidance
1000
Height Above Terrain (Feet)
900
800
700
600
500
“DON’T SINK”
400
300
200
100
0
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
140
Altitude Loss (Feet)
Figure 6-79 Negative Climb Rate (NCR) Altitude Loss
1000
Height Above Terrain (Feet)
900
800
700
600
500
400
“DON’T SINK”
300
200
100
0
0
500
1000
1500
2000
2500
3000
3500
4000
4500
5000
5500
6000
6500
7000
Sink Rate (FPM)
Figure 6-80 Negative Climb Rate (NCR) Sink Rate
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
381
Hazard Avoidance
System Status
During power-up, TAWS-B conducts a self-test of its aural and visual annunciations. The system test can also
be manually initiated. An aural alert is issued at test completion. TAWS-B System Testing is disabled when
ground speed exceeds 30 knots.
PFD/MFD Alert
Annunciation
Alert Type
System Test in Progress
System Test Pass
None
TAWS-B System Test Fail
TAWS-B
Page Center
Annunciation
Aural Message
TAWS TEST
None
None
“TAWS System Test OK”
TAWS FAIL
“TAWS System Failure”
Table 6-7 TAWS-B System Test Status Annunciations
Manually testing the TAWS-B System:
1) Select the TAWS-B Page.
2) Press the MENU Key (Figure 6-81).
3) Select ‘Test TAWS System’ and press the ENT Key to confirm the selection.
Figure 6-81 TAWS-B Page Menu
TAWS-B continually monitors several system-critical items such as database validity, hardware status, and
GPS status. If the terrain/obstacle database is not available, the aural message “TAWS System Failure” is
generated along with the ‘TAWS FAIL’ alert annunciation.
TAWS-B requires a 3-D GPS navigation solution along with specific vertical accuracy minimums. Should the
navigation solution become degraded or if the aircraft is out of the database coverage area, the annunciation
‘TAWS N/A’ is generated in the annunciation window and on the TAWS-B Page. The aural message “TAWS Not
Available” is generated. When the GPS signal is re-established and the aircraft is within the database coverage
area, the aural message “TAWS Available” is generated.
382
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Hazard Avoidance
TAWS-B
Page Center
Annunciation
Aural Message
Terrain or Obstacle database
unavailable or invalid, invalid
software configuration, TAWS
audio fault
No GPS position, excessively
degraded GPS signal
TAWS FAIL
“TAWS System Failure”
NO GPS
POSITION
Out of database coverage
area
None
“TAWS Not Available”
“TAWS Available” when sufficient GPS signal is
received
“TAWS Not Available”
“TAWS Available” when aircraft enters database
coverage area.
Alert Cause
PFD/TAWS-A Page
Annunciation
Table 6-8 TAWS-B Abnormal Conditions
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
383
Hazard Avoidance
6.4TAWS-A
Warning: Do not use TAWS information for primary terrain avoidance. TAWS-A is intended only to enhance
situational awareness.
NOTE: Terrain data is not displayed when the aircraft latitude is greater than 75° North or 60° South.
NOTE: The data contained in the TAWS databases comes from government agencies. Garmin accurately
processes and cross-validates the data but cannot guarantee the accuracy and completeness of the data.
TAWS-A (Terrain Awareness and Warning System - Class A) is an optional feature to increase situational awareness
and aid in reducing controlled flight into terrain (CFIT). TAWS-A provides visual and aural annunciations when
terrain and obstacles are within the given altitude threshold from the aircraft. The displayed alerts and warnings
are advisory in nature only.
TAWS-A satisfies TSO-C151b Class A and TSO-92c requirements for certification.
Class A TAWS requires the following components:
• A valid terrain/obstacle/airport terrain database
• A valid 3-D GPS position solution
• Valid flap and landing gear status inputs
• A valid radar altimeter
TAWS-A uses terrain and obstacle information supplied by government sources. Terrain information is based
on terrain elevation information in a database that may contain inaccuracies. Individual obstructions may be
shown if available in the database. The data undergoes verification by Garmin to confirm accuracy of the content,
per TSO-C151b. However, the displayed information should never be understood as being all-inclusive and data
may be inaccurate.
TAWS-A uses information from the GPS receiver to provide a horizontal position and altitude, along with
additional altitude input from the radar altimeter. GPS altitude is derived from satellite measurements. GPS
altitude is converted to a mean sea level (MSL)-based altitude (GPS-MSL altitude) and is used in part to determine
TAWS-A alerts. GPS-MSL altitude accuracy is affected by factors such as satellite geometry, but it is not subject to
variations in pressure and temperature that normally affect pressure altitude devices. GPS-MSL altitude does not
require local altimeter settings to determine MSL altitude. Therefore, GPS altitude provides a highly accurate and
reliable MSL altitude source to calculate terrain and obstacle alerts.
The terrain and obstacle databases used by TAWS-A are referenced to mean sea level (MSL). Using the GPS
position and GPS-MSL altitude, TAWS-A displays a 2-D picture of the surrounding terrain and obstacles relative
to the position and altitude of the aircraft. Furthermore, the GPS position and GPS-MSL altitude are used to
calculate and “predict” the aircraft’s flight path in relation to the surrounding terrain and obstacles. In this
manner, TAWS-A can provide advanced alerts of predicted dangerous terrain conditions.
Class A TAWS incorporates radar altimeter input with the GPS-MSL altitude to provide a more accurate position
reference when at lower altitudes for certain alert types, and to retain a level of ground proximity warning capability
in the unlikely event of an airport, terrain or obstacle database failure.
384
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Hazard Avoidance
Baro-corrected altitude (or indicated altitude) is derived by adjusting the altimeter setting for local atmospheric
conditions. The most accurate baro-corrected altitude can be achieved by frequently updating the altimeter setting
to the nearest reporting station along the flight path. However, because actual atmospheric conditions seldom
match the standard conditions defined by the International Standard Atmosphere (ISA) model (where pressure,
temperature, and lapse rates have fixed values), it is common for the baro-corrected altitude (as read from the
altimeter) to differ from the GPS-MSL altitude. This variation results in the aircraft’s true altitude differing from
the baro-corrected altitude.
TAWS-A provides the following alert types:
• Forward Looking Terrain Avoidance (FLTA) Alerting, which consists of:
• Required Terrain Clearance (RTC) / Required Obstacle Clearance (ROC) Alerting
• Imminent Terrain Impact (ITI) / Imminent Obstacle Impact (IOI) Alerting
• Premature Descent Alerting (PDA)
• Ground Proximity Warning System (GPWS) Alerting, which consists of:
• Excessive Descent Rate (EDR) Alerting
• Excessive Closure Rate (ECR) to Terrain Alerting
• Flight Into Terrain (FIT) Alerting
• Negative Climb Rate (NCR) after takeoff Alerting
• Excessive below Glideslope/Glidepath Deviation (GSD) Alerting
• Altitude Voice Call Out (VCO) Alerting
Displaying TAWS-A Data
TAWS-A uses yellow (caution) and red (warning) to depict terrain and obstacles (with heights greater than
200 feet above ground level, AGL) alerts relative to aircraft altitude. Colors are adjusted automatically as the
aircraft altitude changes. The colors and symbols in Figure 6-82 and Table 6-9 are used to represent terrain,
obstacles, and potential impact points.
Figure 6-82 Terrain Altitude/Color Correlation for TAWS-A
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
385
Hazard Avoidance
Unlighted Obstacle
Lighted Obstacle
Potential
< 1000’ AGL > 1000’ AGL < 1000’ AGL > 1000’ AGL Impact Points
Obstacle Location
WARNING: Red obstacle is above or within
100’ below current aircraft altitude
CAUTION: Yellow obstacle is between 100’
and 1000’ below current aircraft altitude
Table 6-9 TAWS-A Obstacle Colors and Symbology
TAWS-A Page
The TAWS-A Page shows terrain, obstacle, and potential impact point data in relation to the aircraft’s current
altitude, without clutter from the basemap. Aviation data (airports, VORs, and other NAVAIDs) can be displayed
for reference. If an obstacle and the projected flight path of the aircraft intersect, the display automatically
zooms in to the closest potential point of impact on the TAWS-A Page.
Aircraft orientation on this map is always heading up unless there is no valid heading. Two views are available
relative to the position of the aircraft: the 360° default display and the radar-like ARC (120°) display. Map range
is adjustable with the RANGE Knob from 1 to 200 nm, as indicated by the map range rings (or arcs).
Displaying the TAWS-A Page:
1) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the Map Page Group.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the TAWS-A Page.
Changing the TAWS-A Page view:
1) Select the VIEW Softkey.
2) Press the 360 or ARC Softkey to select the desired view.
Or:
1) Press the MENU Key.
2) Select ‘View Arcº’ or ‘View 360º’ (choice dependent on current state) and press the ENT Key to change the view
Showing/hiding aviation information on the TAWS-A Page:
1) Press the MENU Key.
2) Select ‘Show Aviation Data’ or ‘Hide Aviation Data’ (choice dependent on current state) and press the ENT Key.
386
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Hazard Avoidance
Yellow Terrain
(Caution
- Terrain
Between
100’ and
1000’ Below
the Aircraft
Altitude)
Red Terrain
(Warning - Terrain
Above or Within
100’ Below the
Aircraft Altitude)
Black Terrain
(Terrain
More than
1000’ Below
the Aircraft
Altitude)
Map Range Rings
Terrain Legend
Annunciation
Window
Figure 6-83 TAWS-A Page
Black Terrain
(Terrain More
than 1000’
Below the
Aircraft Altitude)
Map Range Arc
Yellow Terrain
(Caution
- Terrain
Between
100’ and
1000’ Below
the Aircraft
Altitude)
Red Terrain
(Warning Terrain Above
or Within 100’
Below the
Aircraft Altitude)
Terrain Legend
Annunciation
Window
Figure 6-84 TAWS-A Page (ARC View)
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
387
Hazard Avoidance
TAWS-A Alerts
Alerts are issued when flight conditions meet parameters that are set within TAWS-A software algorithms.
TAWS-A alerts typically employ a CAUTION or a WARNING alert severity level, or both. When an alert
is issued, visual annunciations are displayed and aural alerts are simultaneously issued. Table 6-10 shows
TAWS-A alert types with corresponding annunciations and aural messages.
When an alert is issued, annunciations appear on the PFD and MFD. The TAWS-A Alert Annunciation is
shown to the upper left of the Altimeter or upper right of the Airspeed indicator on the PFD and below the
Terrain Legend on the MFD. If the TAWS-A Page is not already displayed on the MFD, a pop-up alert appears
on the MFD while an alert is active. To acknowledge the pop-up alert:
• Press the CLR Key (returns to the currently viewed page), or
• Press the ENT Key (accesses the TAWS-A Page)
PFD with TAWS-A Annunciations
MFD Pop-Up Alert (on non-TAWS-A pages)
MFD TAWS-A Page with Alert Annunciation
Figure 6-85 TAWS-A Annunciations
388
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Hazard Avoidance
Alert Type
PFD/MFD TAWS-A
Page
Annunciation
MFD Map Page
Pop-Up Alert (except
TAWS-A Page)
Aural Message
Reduced Required Terrain Clearance
Warning (RTC)
“Terrain, Terrain; Pull Up, Pull Up”
Imminent Terrain Impact Warning (ITI)
“Terrain, Terrain; Pull Up, Pull Up”
Reduced Required Obstacle Clearance
Warning (ROC)
“Obstacle, Obstacle; Pull Up, Pull Up”
Imminent Obstacle Impact Warning
(IOI)
“Obstacle, Obstacle; Pull Up, Pull Up”
Excessive Descent Rate Warning (EDR)
“<whoop> <whoop> Pull Up”
Excessive Closure Rate Warning (ECR)
“<whoop> <whoop> Pull Up”
Reduced Required Terrain Clearance
Caution (RTC)
“Caution, Terrain; Caution, Terrain”
Imminent Terrain Impact Caution (ITI)
“Caution, Terrain; Caution, Terrain”
Reduced Required Obstacle Clearance
Caution (ROC)
“Caution, Obstacle; Caution, Obstacle”
Imminent Obstacle Impact Caution
(IOI)
“Caution, Obstacle; Caution, Obstacle”
Premature Descent Alert Caution
(PDA)
“Too Low, Terrain”
Excessive Descent Rate Caution (EDR)
“Sink Rate”
Excessive Closure Rate Caution (ECR)
“Terrain, Terrain”
Negative Climb Rate Caution (NCR)
“Don’t Sink”
*
Flight Into Terrain High Speed Caution
(FIT)
“Too Low, Terrain”
Flight Into Terrain Gear Caution (FIT)
“Too Low, Gear”
Flight Into Terrain Flaps Caution (FIT)
“Too Low, Flaps”
Flight Into Terrain Takeoff Caution
(FIT)
“Too Low, Terrain”
Glide Slope/Glide Path Deviation
Caution (GSD)
or
or
“Glide Slope”
or
“Glide Path”
None
None
“Five-Hundred”, “Four-Hundred”, “Three-Hundred”*, “Two-Hundred”, “One-Hundred”
(depends on approach type)
Altitude Voice Callout (VCO)
Table 6-10 TAWS-A Alerts
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
389
Hazard Avoidance
Forward Looking Terrain Avoidance
Reduced Required Terrain Clearance (RTC) and Reduced Required Obstacle Clearance (ROC)
alerts are issued when the aircraft flight path is above terrain, yet is projected to come within the minimum
clearance values in Figure 6-86. When an RTC alert is issued, a potential impact point is displayed on the
TAWS-A Page.
Imminent Terrain Impact (ITI) and Imminent Obstacle Impact (IOI) alerts are issued when the
aircraft is below the elevation of a terrain or obstacle cell in the aircraft’s projected path. ITI and IOI alerts are
accompanied by a potential impact point displayed on the TAWS-A Page. The alert is annunciated when the
projected vertical flight path is calculated to come within minimum clearance altitudes in Figure 6-86.
Required Terrain Clearance
RTC Level (FT)
RTC Descending (FT)
800
Required
Terrain
Clearance
(FT)
Required
Terrain Clearance
(FT)
700
600
500
400
300
200
100
0
0
5
10
15
20
Distance From Runway (NM)
Distance
From Runway (NM)
25
30
Figure 6-86 FLTA Alert Minimum Terrain and Obstacle Clearance Values
FLTA alerts are automatically inhibited when the aircraft is less than 200 feet above the destination runway
elevation while within 0.5 nm of the approach runway or the aircraft is between runway ends.
390
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Hazard Avoidance
Premature Descent Alerting
A Premature Descent Alert (PDA) is issued when the system detects that the aircraft is significantly
below the normal approach path to a runway (Figure 6-87).
PDA alerting begins when the aircraft is below 700 feet AGL within 15 nm of the destination airport and
ends when the aircraft is 0.5 nm from the runway threshold.
800
Height Above Destination (Feet)
700
600
500
400
300
PDA Alerting Area
200
100
15
14
13
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
0
Distance to Destination (NM)
Figure 6-87 PDA Alerting Threshold
Inhibiting FLTA and PDA Alerts
NOTE: The ‘Inhibit TAWS’ function only inhibits FLTA and PDA alerts. Alerting for GPWS alerts (EDR, ECR,
NCR, FIT) and GSD is controlled independently from FLTA and PDA alerts.
FLTA and PDA aural and visual alerts can be manually inhibited. Discretion should be used when inhibiting
alerts and the system should be enabled when appropriate. When PDA and FLTA alerts are inhibited, the
alert annunciation ‘TAWS INH’ is shown on the PFD and on the TAWS-A Page annunciation window of the
MFD (Figure 6-88).
Figure 6-88 TAWS-A Page Menu and Inhibit Annunciation
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
391
Hazard Avoidance
Inhibiting/enabling FLTA and PDA alerting:
1) Select the TAWS-A Page.
2) Select the TAWS INH Softkey to inhibit or enable TAWS-A (choice dependent on current state).
Or:
1) Press the MENU Key. (Figure 6-88)
2) Select ‘Inhibit TAWS’ or ‘Enable TAWS’ (choice dependent on current state) and press the ENT Key.
If PDA and FLTA alerts are inhibited when the Final Approach Fix is the active waypoint in a GPS WAAS
approach, a ‘LOW ALT’ annunciation may appear on the PFD next to the Altimeter if the current aircraft
altitude is at least 164 feet below the prescribed altitude at the Final Approach Fix. See the Flight Instruments
Section for details.
Excessive Descent Rate Alert
The purpose of the Excessive Descent Rate (EDR) alert is to provide suitable notification when the
aircraft is determined to be closing (descending) upon terrain at an excessive speed. Figure 6-89 shows the
parameters for the alert as defined by TSO-C151b.
6000
5500
5000
Height Above Terrain (Feet)
4500
INK
n: “S
4000
”
RATE
io
Caut
3500
3000
2500
2000
Warning: “PULL UP”
1500
1000
12000
11000
Descent Rate (FPM)
10000
9000
8000
7000
6000
5000
4000
3000
2000
1000
0
0
500
Figure 6-89 Excessive Descent Rate Alert Criteria
Excessive Closure Rate Alert
The Excessive Closure Rate (ECR) alert provides suitable notification when the aircraft is determined to
be closing upon terrain at an excessive speed for a given aircraft gear and flap configuration.
Figures 6-90 and 6-91 show the ECR alerting criteria for flaps in the landing configuration and for all other
flight phases respectively.
392
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Hazard Avoidance
Height Above Terrain (Feet)
ECR alerts are automatically inhibited when the aircraft is 5 nm from the nearest airport, except when FLTA
is not available (causing the TAWS N/A or TAWS FAIL annunciation), in which case ECR alerting will remain
active until landing.
Closure Rate (FPM)
Height Above Terrain (Feet)
Figure 6-90 Excessive Closure Rate Alert Criteria (Flaps Up or Takeoff Configuration)
Closure Rate (FPM)
Figure 6-91 Excessive Closure Rate Alert Criteria (Flaps in Landing Configuration)
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
393
Hazard Avoidance
Flight Into Terrain Alert
Height Above Terrain (Feet)
Flight Into Terrain (FIT) caution alerts occur when the aircraft is too low with respect to terrain and
the gear or flaps are not configured for landing. The aircraft may also be above or below the recommended
approach speed. FIT alerts are issued when flight conditions meet the criteria shown in Figure 6-92.
*
*
Altitude Rate (FPM)
* Flap position will not trigger alert if Flap Override option is enabled; see discussion below.
Figure 6-92 Flight Into Terrain Alert Criteria (Aircraft Configuration)
To reduce nuisance FIT alerts on approaches where flap extension is not desired (or is intentionally delayed),
the pilot may override FIT alerting based on the flap position, while all other FIT alerting remains in effect.
Figure 6-93 TAWS-A Page Menu and FIT Flap Override Annunciation
394
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Hazard Avoidance
Overriding Flaps-based FIT alerting:
1) Select the TAWS-A Page
2) Select the FLAP OVR Softkey
Or:
1) Press the MENU Key. (Figure 6-93)
2) Select ‘Flap Override’ or ‘Disable Flap Override’ (choice dependent on current state) and press the ENT Key.
When the Flaps Override option is enabled, the annunciation ‘FLAP OVR’ is annunciated on the PFD and
on the TAWS-A Page of the MFD (Figure 6-93). If GPWS alerts are also inhibited (which include FIT), the
‘FLAP OVR’ annunciation is not shown.
Height Above Terrain (Feet)
FIT alerts also occur during takeoff or go-around if the aircraft’s height above ground level (as determined by
the radar altimeter) is too close to rising terrain. TAWS-A will issue the aural message “Too Low - Terrain”
and visual annunciations when conditions enter the caution alert area (Figure 6-94).
“TOO LOW, TERRAIN”
Radio Altitude Loss (Feet)
Figure 6-94 FIT Alerting After Takeoff
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
395
Hazard Avoidance
Negative Climb Rate After Takeoff Alert
The Negative Climb Rate (NCR) After Takeoff alert (also referred to as “Altitude Loss After Takeoff”)
provides alerts when the system determines the aircraft is losing altitude (closing upon terrain) after takeoff.
The aural message “Don’t Sink” is given for NCR alerts, accompanied by an annunciation and a pop-up terrain
alert on the MFD if the TAWS-A Page is not already displayed. NCR alerting for TAWS-A is only active when
departing from an airport and when the following conditions are met:
• Height above the terrain is less than 700 feet
• Distance from the departure airport is 5 nm or less
• Heading change from the departure heading is less than 110 degrees
• Landing gear or flaps are configured for takeoff
Figures 6-95 and 6-96 show the NCR alerting parameters as defined by TSO-C151b
1000
Height Above Terrain (Feet)
900
800
700
600
500
“DON’T SINK”
400
300
200
100
0
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
140
Altitude Loss (Feet)
Figure 6-95 Negative Climb Rate (NCR) Altitude Loss
1000
Height Above Terrain (Feet)
900
800
700
600
500
“DON’T SINK”
400
300
200
100
0
0
500
1000
1500
2000
2500
3000
3500
4000
4500
5000
5500
6000
6500
7000
Sink Rate (FPM)
Figure 6-96 Negative Climb Rate (NCR) Sink Rate
396
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Hazard Avoidance
Inhibiting GPWS Alerts (EDR, ECR, FIT, and NCR)
NOTE: The ‘Inhibit GPWS’ function only affects GPWS alerts (EDR, ECR, NCR, and FIT). Alerting for FLTA,
PDA, and GSD is controlled independently from the GPWS alerts listed below.
EDR, ECR, FIT, and NCR aural and visual alerts can be manually inhibited as a group. Discretion should be
used when inhibiting alerts and the GPWS system should be enabled when appropriate. When these alerts
are inhibited, the alert annunciation ‘GPWS INH’ is shown on the PFD and on the TAWS-A Page annunciation
window of the MFD (Figure 6-97).
Figure 6-97 TAWS-A Page Menu and GPWS Inhibit Annunciation
Inhibiting/enabling GPWS alerting:
1) Select the TAWS-A Page.
2) Select the GPWS INH Softkey to inhibit or enable GPWS alerts (choice dependent on current state).
Or:
a) Press the MENU Key. (Figure 6-97)
b) Select ‘Inhibit GPWS’ or ‘Enable GPWS’ (choice dependent on current state) and press the ENT Key.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
397
Hazard Avoidance
Excessive below Glideslope/Glidepath Deviation Alert
Radio Altitude (Feet)
A Glideslope Deviation or Glidepath Deviation (GSD) caution alert is issued when the system detects
that the aircraft is significantly below the glidepath for the selected approach in relation to the aircraft’s height
above terrain (Figure 6-98).
“GLIDESLOPE”
or
“GLIDEPATH”
Number of Dots Below Glideslope/Glidepath
Figure 6-98 Excessive Below Glideslope/Glidepath Deviation Alert Criteria
GSD alerting is available as the aircraft approaches a runway and the following conditions are met:
• An ILS, LPV, or LNAV/VNAV approach is active and vertical navigation indications are being displayed.
• Aircraft altitude is below 1000 feet AGL.
• Aircraft distance is within 5 nm of the runway, but greater than 1000 feet from the runway (if GPS position
is available).
• Gear is configured for landing.
When a GSD caution alert occurs on an ILS approach, the aural and visual annunciation ‘GLIDESLOPE’ is
issued. If a GSD caution alert occurs on an LPV or LNAV/VNAV approach, the aural and visual annunciation
‘GLIDEPATH’ is issued (Figure 6-99).
Inhbiting GSD Alerts
NOTE: GSD alerting may only be inhibited while a GSD alert is occurring. GSD alerts are inhibited
independently from all other FLTA, PDA, and GPWS alerts.
During a GSD alert, the PFD Softkeys are displayed as shown in Figure 6-99 to provide an option to
inhibit the alert. A ‘GLIDESLOPE’ alert will display a GS INH Softkey to inhibit the alert. A ‘GLIDEPATH’
alert will display a GP INH Softkey to inhibit the alert. When an inhibit Softkey is pressed, the PFD
Softkeys return to the top-level display. Press the BACK Softkey to return to the top level of the PFD
Softkeys without inhibiting the GSD alert.
398
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Hazard Avoidance
Or:
Or:
Figure 6-99 GSD Alert and PFD Softkeys
GSD alerts may also be inhibited on the TAWS-A Page while a GSD alert is occurring.
Inhibiting/Enabling GSD alerting (only available during a GSD alert):
1) Select the TAWS-A Page.
2) Select the GS INH or GP INH Softkey to inhibit or enable GSD alerts (softkey choice dependent on present GSD
alert type).
Or:
1) Press the MENU Key. (Figure 6-100)
2) Select the option to inhibit or enable the glideslope or glidepath alerting (choice dependent on present GSD
alert type) and press the ENT Key.
Figure 6-100 TAWS-A Page Menu and Glideslope Alerting Inhibited Annunciation
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
399
Hazard Avoidance
The annunciation ‘GS INH’ or ‘GP INH’ is displayed on the PFD and TAWS-A Page when GSD Alerting is
inhibited. Discretion should be used when inhibiting GSD alerts. Inhibiting GSD alerts has no effect on the
vertical guidance provided by the flight instruments.
Altitude Voice Callout (VCO)
TAWS-A provides aural altitude advisory alerts as the aircraft descends. VCO alerts are based on the height
above terrain when the aircraft is more than 5 nm from an airport, or the height above the nearest runway
threshold elevation if within 5 nm of an airport.
VCO alerts begin at 500 feet with the aural message “Five Hundred”. Maintenance personnel may configure
additional VCO alerts to occur at 400, 300, 200 and 100 feet during descent.
There are no display annunciations or pop-up alerts that accompany the aural VCO alert(s).
System Status
During power-up, TAWS-A conducts a self-test of its aural and visual annunciations. The system test can also
be manually initiated. A single chime is issued at test completion. TAWS-A System Testing is disabled when
ground speed exceeds 30 knots. TAWS-A terrain alerts will not be issued while a test is in progress.
Additional
TAWS-A Page
Annunciation
Aural Message
TAWS System Fail
TAWS FAIL
“TAWS System Failure”
GPWS System Fail
None
“GPWS System Failure”
System Test in progress
TAWS TEST
None
None
“TAWS System Test OK”
Alert Type
PFD/MFD TAWS-A
Page Status
Annunciation
System Test pass
None
Table 6-11 TAWS-A System Test Status Annunciations
Manually testing the TAWS-A System:
1) Select the TAWS-A Page.
2) Press the MENU Key.
3) Select ‘Test TAWS System’ and press the ENT Key to confirm the selection. (Figure 6-101)
400
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Hazard Avoidance
Figure 6-101 TAWS-A Page Menu
TAWS-A Abnormal operations
TAWS-A continually monitors several system-critical items such as database validity, flap and landing gear
position, radar altimeter input, and GPS status.
If no GDU contains Terrain, Airport Terrain, and Obstacle databases (or the databases are invalid), the aural
message “TAWS System Failure” is generated along with the ‘TAWS FAIL’ alert annunciation.
TAWS-A requires a 3-D GPS navigation solution along with specific vertical accuracy minimums. Should the
navigation solution become degraded or if the aircraft is out of the database coverage area, the annunciation
‘TAWS N/A’ is generated in the annunciation window and on the TAWS-A Page. The aural message “TAWS
Not Available” is also generated if airborne, and some TAWS-A terrain alerts will not be issued (Table 6-12),
while GPWS alerting (which are not dependent on GPS position) will continue to operate. When the GPS
signal is restored and the aircraft is within the database coverage area, the aural message “TAWS Available” is
generated.
TAWS-A also requires radar altimeter input. Should the radar altimeter input fail or become degraded, the
annunciation ‘GPWS FAIL’ is generated in the annunciation window and on the TAWS-A Page. The aural
message “GPWS System Failure” is also generated. The ‘GPWS FAIL’ annunciation will also occur if both GPS
altitude and barometric altitude are unavailable. If only the GPWS system has failed, GPWS-based alerts will
not be available (Table 6-12), while other TAWS-A alerting remains unaffected.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
401
Hazard Avoidance
Aural Message
TAWS Alert
Types
Not Available
TAWS FAIL
“TAWS System Failure”
FLTA, PDA
TERRAIN
DATABASE
FAILURE
None
PFD/MFD
TAWS-A Page
TAWS-A Page Center Banner
Annunciation Annunciation
Alert Type
TAWS System Test Fail; Terrain,
Airport Terrain or Obstacle database
unavailable or invalid on all GDUs;
software mismatch among GDUs;
TAWS audio fault
MFD Terrain or Obstacle database
unavailable or invalid. TAWS
operating with PFD Terrain or Obstacle
databases
No GPS position
Excessively degraded GPS signal, or
out of database coverage area
Sufficient GPS signal reception
restored
Radar Altimeter invalid, Vertical Speed
Invalid, GPS and Baro Altitude invalid,
Software mismatch among GDUs,
TAWS configuration mismatch among
GDUs, TAWS audio fault
†
None
None
†
NO GPS
POSITION
None
“TAWS Not Available”
None
“TAWS Available”
(aural message only in flight)
“GPWS System Failure”
None
“TAWS Not Available”
FLTA, PDA, GSD*
VCO †
FLTA, PDA
EDR, ECR, NCR,
FIT, GSD
* GSD alert will be available if a valid ILS is being used for navigation, even if no valid GPS signal is being received.
† VCO alerts are not issued if both TAWS and GPWS systems have failed or are not available.
Table 6-12 TAWS-A Abnormal Status Alerts
If the aircraft bank angle exceeds 30˚, TAWS-A will disable ECR alerts. ECR alert availability returns when
the bank angle is reduced for at least eight seconds.
On an ILS, LPV, or LNAV/VNAV approach, GSD alerting will not be available if the glidepath exceeds ten
degrees.
402
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Hazard Avoidance
6.5Traffic Information Service (TIS)
WARNING: The Traffic Information Service (TIS) is intended for advisory use only. TIS is intended to help the
pilot locate traffic visually. It is the responsibility of the pilot to see and maneuver to avoid traffic.
NOTE: TIS is available only when the aircraft is within the service volume of a TIS-capable terminal radar
site. Aircraft without an operating transponder will not be displayed. Aircraft without altitude reporting
capability are shown without altitude separation data or climb descent indication.
Traffic Information Service (TIS) is designed to help in detection and avoidance of other aircraft. TIS uses the
Mode S transponder for the traffic data link. TIS receives traffic information from ground stations, and is updated
every 5 seconds. The system displays up to eight traffic targets within a 7.5-nm radius, from 3000 feet below to
3500 feet above the requesting aircraft. Traffic is displayed with the following symbology:
TIS Symbol
Description
Non-Threat Traffic
Traffic Advisory (TA)
Traffic Advisory Off Scale
Table 6-13 TIS Traffic Symbols
A Traffic Advisory (TA) indicates that the current track of the intruder could result in a collision. When traffic
meets the advisory criteria for the TA, a solid yellow circle symbol is generated. A TA which is detected, but is
outside the range of the map, is indicated with a message in the lower left corner of the map and a half TA symbol
at the relative bearing of the intruder.
TIS also provides a vector line showing the direction in which the traffic is moving, to the nearest 45°. Traffic
information for which TIS is unable to determine the bearing (non-bearing traffic) is displayed in the center of the
Traffic Map Page (Figure 6-106) or in a banner at the lower left corner of maps other than the Traffic Map Page
on which traffic can be displayed.
The altitude difference between the requesting aircraft and other intruder aircraft is displayed above/below the
traffic symbol in hundreds of feet. If the other aircraft is above the requesting aircraft, the altitude separation
appears above the traffic symbol; if below, the altitude separation appears below. Altitude trend is displayed as
an up/down arrow (for speeds greater than 500 fpm in either direction) to the right of the target symbol. Traffic
symbols for aircraft without altitude reporting capability appear without altitude separation or climb/descent
information.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
403
Hazard Avoidance
Displaying TRAFFIC Data
Traffic information can be displayed on the following maps (when TIS is operating):
• PFD Inset Map
• Trip Planning Page
• Navigation Map Page
• Nearest Pages
• Traffic Map Page
• Active Flight Plan Page
Traffic information can also be displayed on the PFD when the Synthetic Vision System (SVS) option is
installed and enabled. See the Additional Features Section for details.
Displaying traffic information (maps other than the Traffic Map Page):
1) Select the MAP Softkey.
2) Select the TRAFFIC Softkey to display traffic data.
When traffic is selected on maps other than the Traffic Map Page, an icon is shown to indicate the feature is
enabled for display.
Non-Threat
Traffic, 5000’
Above,
Descending
Traffic
Advisory,
1000’ Above,
Climbing
Traffic Display
Enabled
Traffic Status
Banner
Figure 6-102 TIS Traffic on the Navigation Map Page
404
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Hazard Avoidance
Displaying traffic information (PFD Inset Map):
1) Select the INSET Softkey.
2) Select the TRAFFIC Softkey to display traffic data on the inset map (TRFC-1).
3) Select the softkey again to display the traffic-only inset (TRFC-2).
4) Select the softkey again to remove traffic data.
The Navigation Map Page Setup Menu provides a means in addition to the softkey for enabling/disabling
display of traffic. The setup menu also controls the map range settings above which traffic data (symbols
and labels) are decluttered from the display. If a map range larger than the map range setting is selected, the
data is removed from the map. Maps besides the Traffic Map Page use settings based on those selected for the
Navigation Map Page.
Customizing traffic display on the Navigation Map Page:
1) Select the Navigation Map Page.
2) Press the MENU Key.
3) With ‘Map Setup’ highlighted, press the ENT Key (Figure 6-103).
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the ‘Traffic’ Group and press the ENT Key (Figure 6-104).
5) Turn the large FMS Knob or press the ENT Key to scroll through product selections (Figure 6-105).
• TRAFFIC – Turns the display of traffic data on or off
• TRAFFIC MODE – Selects the traffic mode for display; select from:
- All Traffic - Displays all traffic
- TA ONLY - Displays Traffic Advisories only
• TRAFFIC SMBL – Selects the maximum range at which traffic symbols are shown
• TRAFFIC LBL – Selects the maximum range at which traffic labels are shown (with the option to turn off)
6) Turn the small FMS Knob to scroll through options for each product (ON/OFF, range settings, etc.).
7) Press the ENT Key to select an option.
8) Press the FMS Knob or CLR Key to return to the Navigation Map Page with the changed settings.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
405
Hazard Avoidance
Figure 6-103 Navigation Map Page Menu
Figure 6-104 Navigation Map Page Setup Menu
Figure 6-105 Navigation Map Page Setup Menu, Traffic Group
Traffic Map Page
The Traffic Map Page is specialized to show surrounding TIS traffic data in relation to the aircraft’s current
position and altitude, without clutter from the basemap. Aircraft orientation on this map is always heading up
unless there is no valid heading. Map range is adjustable with the RANGE Knob from 2 to 12 nm, as indicated
by the map range rings.
The traffic mode is annunciated in the upper left corner of the Traffic Map Page. When the aircraft is on the
ground, TIS automatically enters Standby Mode. Once the aircraft is airborne, TIS switches from Standby to
Operating Mode and the system begins to display traffic information. Refer to the System Status discussion for
more information.
Displaying traffic on the Traffic Map Page:
1) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the Map Page Group.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the Traffic Map Page.
3) Confirm TIS is in Operating Mode:
Select the OPERATE Softkey to begin displaying traffic.
Or:
a) Press the MENU Key.
b) Select ‘Operate Mode’ (shown if TIS is in Standby Mode) and press the ENT Key.
406
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Hazard Avoidance
Traffic Mode Annunciation
“TIS Not Available”
Voice Alert Status
Non-Threat
Traffic, 2500’
Above,
Descending
Traffic Advisory
500’ Below,
Climbing
“Non-Bearing”
Traffic
(System Unable to
Determine Bearing)
Distance is 8.0 nm,
1100’ Above,
Descending
Non-Threat
Traffic, Altitude
Not Available
Traffic
Advisory OffScale, 400’
Below, Level
Traffic Status
Banners
Figure 6-106 Traffic Map Page
Select to
Mute “TIS Not
Available” Voice
Alert
TIS Alerts
When the number of TAs on the Traffic Map Page increases from one scan to the next, the following occur:
• A single “Traffic” voice alert is generated.
• A ‘TRAFFIC’ Annunciation appears to the top left of the Attitude Indicator on the PFD, flashing for 5 seconds
and remaining displayed until no TAs are detected in the area.
• The PFD Inset Map is automatically displayed with traffic.
To reduce the number of nuisance alerts due to proximate aircraft, the “Traffic” voice alert is generated only
when the number of TAs increases. For example, when the first TA is displayed, a voice and visual annunciation
are generated. As long as a single TA remains on the display, no additional voice alerts are generated. If a second
TA appears on the display or if the number of TAs initially decreases and then subsequently increases, another
voice alert is generated.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
407
Hazard Avoidance
Inset Map
Displays When
TA is Detected
Figure 6-107 Traffic Annunciation (PFD)
A “TIS Not Available” (TNA) voice alert is generated when the TIS service becomes unavailable or is out of
range. TIS may be unavailable in the radar coverage area due to the following:
• Radar site TIS Mode S sensor is not operational or is out of service
• Traffic or requesting aircraft is beyond the maximum range of the TIS-capable Mode S radar site.
• Traffic or requesting aircraft is above the radar site in the cone of silence and out of range of an adjacent site.
• Traffic or requesting aircraft is below radar coverage. In flat terrain, the coverage extends from about 3000
feet upward at 55 miles. Terrain and obstacles around the radar site can further decrease radar coverage in all
directions.
• Traffic does not have an operating transponder.
The “TIS Not Available” (TNA) voice alert can be manually muted to reduce nuisance alerting. TNA muting
status is shown in the upper left corner of the Traffic Map Page.
Muting the “TIS Not Available” voice alert:
1) Select the Traffic Map Page.
2) Select the TNA MUTE Softkey. The status is displayed in the upper left corner of the Traffic Map Page.
Or:
a) Press the MENU Key.
b) Select ‘‘’Not Available” Mute On’ (shown if TNA muting is currently off) and press the ENT Key.
408
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Hazard Avoidance
System Status
The system performs an automatic test of TIS during power-up. If TIS passes the test, TIS enters Standby
Mode (on the ground) or Operating Mode (in the air). If TIS fails the power up test, an annunciation is shown
in the center of the Traffic Map Page.
Traffic Map Page
Annunciation
NO DATA
DATA FAILED
FAILED
Description
Data is not being received from the transponder*
Data is being received from the transponder, but
a failure is detected in the data stream*
The transponder has failed*
UNAVAILABLE
TIS is unavailable or out of range
* Contact a service center or Garmin dealer for corrective action
Table 6-14 TIS Failure Annunciations
System Test
has Failed
Data Not
Received from
Transponder
Figure 6-108 TIS Power-up Test Failure
The traffic mode is annunciated in the upper left corner of the Traffic Map Page. When the aircraft is on the
ground, TIS automatically enters Standby Mode. If traffic is selected for display on another map while Standby
Mode is selected, the traffic display enabled icon is crossed out (also the case whenever TIS has failed). Once
the aircraft is airborne, TIS switches to Operating Mode and traffic information is displayed. The mode can be
changed manually using softkeys or the page menu.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
409
Hazard Avoidance
Mode
Traffic Mode Annunciation
(Traffic Map Page)
TIS Operating
OPERATING
Traffic Display Status Icon
(Other Maps)
STANDBY
(also shown in white in center of page)
TIS Standby
FAIL
TIS Failed
Table 6-15 TIS Modes
Switching between TIS modes:
1) Select the Traffic Map Page.
2) Select the STANDBY or OPERATE Softkey to switch between modes. The mode is displayed in the upper left
corner of the Traffic Map Page.
Or:
a) Press the MENU Key.
b) Select ‘Operate Mode’ or ‘Standby Mode’ (choice dependent on current state) and press the ENT Key. The
annunciations to indicate the status of traffic information appear in a banner at the lower left corner
of maps on which traffic can be displayed (Table 6-16).
Traffic Status Banner
Annunciation
TA OFF SCALE
TA X.X ± XX ↕
AGE MM:SS
TRFC COAST
TRFC RMVD
TRFC FAIL
NO TRFC DATA
TRFC UNAVAIL
Description
A Traffic Advisory is outside the selected display range*
Annunciation is removed when traffic comes within the selected display range
System cannot determine bearing of Traffic Advisory**
Annunciation indicates distance in nm, altitude separation in hundreds of feet, and
altitude trend arrow (climbing/descending)
Appears if traffic data is not refreshed within 6 seconds
If after another 6 seconds data is not received, traffic is removed from the display
The quality of displayed traffic information is reduced as the age increases
The displayed data is not current (6 to 12 seconds since last message)
The quality of displayed traffic information is reduced when this message is displayed
Traffic is removed because it is too old for coasting (12 to 60 seconds since last message)
Traffic may exist within the selected display range, but it is not displayed
Traffic data has failed
Traffic has not been detected
The traffic service is unavailable or out of range
*Shown as symbol on Traffic Map Page
**Shown in center of Traffic Map Page
Table 6-16 TIS Traffic Status Annunciations
410
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Hazard Avoidance
6.6 TCAS I Traffic
WARNING: The GTS 850 Traffic Collision Avoidance System (TCAS I) is intended for advisory use only to aid
the pilot in visually acquiring traffic. No avoidance maneuvers should be based solely upon TCAS I traffic
information. It is the responsibility of the pilot in command to see and maneuver to avoid traffic. Aircraft
without operating transponders out outside of the surveillance range are invisible to the GTS 850.
NOTE: TIS is disabled when TCAS I is installed.
The optional Garmin GTS 850 is a TSO-certified Traffic Alert and Collision Avoidance System (TCAS I). The
GTS 850 enhances flight crew situational awareness by displaying traffic information for transponder-equipped
aircraft. The GTS 850 also provides visual and aural traffic alerts including voice announcements to assist in
visually acquiring traffic.
The GTS 850 is capable of tracking up to 45 intruding aircraft equipped with Mode A or C transponders,
and up to 30 intruders equipped with Mode S transponders. A maximum of 30 aircraft with the highest threat
potential can be displayed simultaneously. No TCAS I surveillance is provided for aircraft without operating
transponders.
Theory of operation
When the GTS 850 is in Operating Mode, the unit interrogates the transponders of intruding aircraft while
monitoring transponder replies. The GTS 850 uses this information to determine the distance, relative bearing,
and if reported, the altitude vertical trend, and other information for each aircraft within its surveillance range. The
GTS 850 then calculates a closure rate to each intruder based on the projected Closest Point of Approach (CPA).
If the closure rate meets the threat criteria for a Traffic Advisory (TA), visual and aural alerting is provided.
TCAS I Surveillance Volume
The GTS 850 surveillance system monitors the airspace within ±10,000 feet of own altitude. Under ideal
conditions, the unit scans transponder traffic up to 40 nm in the forward direction. Range is somewhat
reduced to the sides and aft of own aircraft due to the directional interrogation signal patterns. In areas of
greater transponder traffic density or when TCAS II systems are detected, the GTS 850 automatically reduces
its interrogation transmitter power (and therefore range) in order to limit potential interference from other
signals.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
411
Hazard Avoidance
Traffic Symbology
The GTS 850 uses symbology to depict intruding traffic using the symbols shown in Table 6-17.
Symbol
Description
Traffic Advisory (TA).
Traffic Advisory out of the selected display
range. Displayed at outer range ring at
proper bearing.
Proximity Advisory (PA)
Non-Threat Traffic
Table 6-17 GTS 850 Traffic Symbols
A Traffic Advisory (TA), displayed as a yellow circle, alerts the crew to a potentially hazardous intruding
aircraft, if the closing rate, distance, and vertical separation meet TA criteria. A Traffic Advisory that is beyond
the selected display range (off scale) is indicated by a half TA symbol at the edge of the screen at the relative
bearing of the intruder.
A Proximity Advisory (PA), displayed as a solid white diamond, indicates the intruding aircraft is within
±1200 feet and is within a 6 nm range, but is still not considered a TA threat.
A Non-threat Advisory, shown as an open white diamond, is displayed for traffic beyond 6 nm that is
neither a TA or PA.
Relative altitude, when available, is displayed above or below the corresponding intruder symbol in
hundreds of feet (Figure 6-109). When this altitude is above own aircraft, it is preceded by a ‘+’ symbol; a
minus sign ‘-’ indicates traffic is below own aircraft.
A vertical trend arrow to the right of the intruder symbol (Figure 6-109) indicates climbing or descending
traffic with an upward or downward-pointing arrow respectively.
Relative Altitude
Vertical trend arrow
Figure 6-109 Intruder Altitude and Vertical Trend Arrow
Flight IDs may also be displayed with traffic symbols; see the Flight IDs discussion in this section for more
information.
The GTS 850 automatically suppresses the display of on-ground traffic equipped with Mode S
transponders.
412
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Hazard Avoidance
TA Alerting Conditions
The GTS 850 automatically adjusts its TA sensitivity level to reduce the likelihood of nuisance TA alerting
during flight phases likely to be near airports. Level A (less) TA sensitivity is used when the aircraft’s
groundspeed is less than 120 knots. In all other conditions, Level B (greater) TA sensitivity is used to assess
TA threats.
Sensitivity Intruder Altitude
Level
Available
A
Yes
A
No
B
Yes
B
No
TA Alerting Conditions
Intruder closing rate provides less than 20 seconds of vertical and
horizontal separation.
Or:
Intruder closing rate provides less than 20 seconds of horizontal
separation and vertical separation is within 600 feet.
Or:
Intruder range is within 0.2 nm and vertical separation is within
600 feet.
Intruder closing rate provides less than 15 seconds of separation.
Intruder closing rate provides less than 30 seconds of vertical and
horizontal separation.
Or:
Intruder closing rate provides less than 30 seconds of horizontal
separation and vertical separation is within 800 feet.
Or:
Intruder range is within 0.55 nm and vertical separation is within
800 feet.
Intruder closing rate provides less than 20 seconds of separation..
Table 6-18 TA Sensitivity Level and TA Alerting Criteria
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
413
Hazard Avoidance
TCAS I Alerts
When the GTS 850 detects a new TA, the following occur:
• A single “Traffic!” voice alert is generated, followed by additional voice information about the bearing, relative
altitude, and approximate distance from the intruder that triggered the TA (Table 6-19). The announcement
“Traffic! 12 o’clock, high, four miles,” would indicate the traffic is in front of own aircraft, above own
altitude, and approximately four nautical miles away.
• A TRAFFIC Annunciation appears at the top right of the airspeed on the PFD, flashing for five seconds and
remains displayed until no TAs are detected in the area (Figure 6-110).
• The PFD Inset Map is automatically displayed with TA traffic.
If the bearing of TA traffic cannot be determined (Figure 6-112, Figure 6-115), a yellow text banner will be
displayed in the center of the Traffic Map Page and in the lower-left of maps with traffic displayed instead of
a TA symbol. The text will indicate “TA” followed by the distance, relative altitude, and vertical trend arrow
for the TA traffic, if known.
A TA will be displayed for at least eight seconds, even if the conditions that initially triggered the TA are no
longer present.
Inset Map
Displays When
TA is Detected
Figure 6-110 Traffic Annunciation (PFD)
Bearing
Relative Altitude
Distance
“One o’clock” through
“Twelve o’clock”
or “No Bearing”
“High”, “Low”, “Same Altitude” (if
within 200 feet of own altitude), or
“Altitude not available”
“Less than one mile”,
“One Mile” through “Ten Miles”, or
“More than ten miles”
Table 6-19 TA Descriptive Voice Announcements
414
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Hazard Avoidance
System Test
NOTE: GTS 850 traffic surveillance is not available during the system test. Use caution when performing a
system test while in-flight.
The GTS 850 provides a system test mode to verify the TCAS I system is operating normally. The test takes
ten seconds to complete. When the system test is initiated, a test pattern of traffic symbols is displayed on the
Traffic Map Page (Figure 6-111). If the system test passes, the aural announcement “TCAS System Test Passed”
is heard, otherwise the system announces “TCAS System Test Failed.” When the system test is complete, the
GTS 850 enters Standby or Failure Mode dependent on test outcome.
1) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the Map Page Group.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the Traffic Map Page.
3) Turn the Range knob to set the range to 2/6 nm to allow for full traffic test pattern display.
4) Select the TEST Softkey.
Or:
1) Press the MENU Key and turn the small FMS knob to select ‘Test Mode’.
2) Press the ENT Key.
Test Mode
Annunciation
Operating
Mode
Non-Threat
Traffic at
11 o’clock,
Distance 3.6
nm, 1000’
Above, Level
Proximity
Traffic at
1 o’clock,
Distance
3.6 nm,
1000’ Below,
Descending
TA at 9 o’clock,
Distance 2.0
nm, 200’ Below,
Climbing
Figure 6-111 System Test in Progress with Test Pattern
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
415
Hazard Avoidance
Operation
NOTE: The GTS 850 automatically transitions from STANDBY to OPERATE mode eight seconds after takeoff.
The unit also automatically transitions from OPERATE to STANDBY mode 24 seconds after landing.
After power-up, the GTS 850 is in Standby Mode. The unit must be in Operating Mode for traffic to be
displayed and for TAs to be issued.
Selecting the OPERATE Softkey allows the GTS 850 to switch from Standby Mode to Operating Mode as
necessary. Selecting the STANDBY Softkey forces the unit into Standby Mode.
Switching from operating mode to standby mode:
On the Traffic Page, select the STANDBY Softkey
Or:
1) Press the MENU Key and turn the small FMS knob to select ‘Standby Mode’.
2) Press the ENT Key.
Switching from standby mode to operating mode:
On the Traffic Page, select the OPERATE Softkey
Or:
1) Press the MENU Key and turn the small FMS knob to select ‘Operate Mode’.
2) Press the ENT Key. The GTS 850 switches from Standby Mode to Operating Mode as necessary.
416
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Hazard Avoidance
Traffic MAP Page
The Traffic Map Page shows surrounding traffic data in relation to the aircraft’s current position and altitude,
without basemap clutter. Aircraft orientation is always heading up unless there is no valid heading. Map
range is adjustable with the RANGE Knob from 2 to 40 nm, as indicated by the map range rings.
The traffic mode and altitude display mode are annunciated in the upper left corner of the page.
Traffic
Mode
Traffic Display
Range
Altitude
Mode
Non-Threat
Traffic, 2500’
Above,
Descending
Traffic Advisory,
500’ Below,
Climbing
“No Bearing”
Traffic (Bearing
Undetermined),
Distance 4.0
nm, 500’ Above,
Descending
Traffic
Advisory OffScale, 400’
Below, Level
Proximity Traffic,
900’ Above,
Level, Flight ID
Displayed
Non-Threat
Traffic,
Altitude Not
Reported
Figure 6-112 Traffic Map Page
Displaying traffic on the Traffic Map Page:
1) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the Map Page Group.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the Traffic Map Page.
3) Select the OPERATE Softkey to begin displaying traffic. OPERATING is displayed in the Traffic mode field.
4) Select the STANDBY Softkey to place the system in the Standby mode. STANDBY is displayed in the Traffic
mode field.
5) Turn the RANGE Knob clockwise to display a larger area or counter-clockwise to display a smaller area.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
417
Hazard Avoidance
Altitude Display
The Pilot can select the volume of airspace in which non-threat and proximity traffic is displayed. TAs
occurring outside of these limits will always be shown.
Changing the altitude range:
1) On the Traffic Map Page, select the ALT MODE Softkey.
2) Select one of the following Softkeys:
• ABOVE: Displays non-threat and proximity traffic from 9000 feet above the aircraft to 2700 feet below the
aircraft. Typically used during climb phase of flight.
• NORMAL: Displays non-threat and proximity traffic from 2700 feet above the aircraft to 2700 feet below
the aircraft. Typically used during enroute phase of flight.
• BELOW: Displays non-threat and proximity traffic from 2700 feet above the aircraft to 9000 feet below the
aircraft. Typically used during descent phase of flight.
•
UNREST (unrestricted): All traffic is displayed from 9900 feet above and 9900 feet below the aircraft.
3) To return to the Traffic Page, select the BACK Softkey.
Or:
1) Press the MENU Key.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to select one of the following (see softkey description in step 2 above):
•
ABOVE
•
NORMAL
•
BELOW
•
UNRESTRICTED
3) Select the ENT Softkey.
Flight ID Display
The Flight IDs of other aircraft (when available) can be enabled for display on the Traffic Map Page
(Figure 6-113). When a flight ID is received, it will appear above or below the corresponding traffic symbol
on the Traffic Map Page when this option is enabled.
418
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Hazard Avoidance
Flight ID
Figure 6-113 Traffic Map Page with Flight IDs Enabled
Enabling/Disabling Flight ID Display:
On the Traffic Map Page, press the FLT ID Softkey.
Or:
1) Press the MENU Key.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to select ‘Show Flight IDs’ or ‘Hide Flight IDs’ (choice dependent on current state)
(Figure 6-114).
3) Press the ENT Key.
Figure 6-114 Traffic Map Page Menu
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
419
Hazard Avoidance
Traffic Map Page Display Range
The display range on the Traffic Map Page can be changed at any time. Map range is adjustable with the
RANGE Knob from 2 to 40 nm, as indicated by the map range rings.
Changing the display range on the Traffic Map Page:
1) Turn the RANGE Knob.
2) The following range options are available:
•
2 nm
•
2 and 6 nm
•
6 and 12 nm
•
12 and 24 nm
•
24 and 40 nm
Additional Traffic Displays
Traffic information can be displayed on the following maps on the MFD when the unit is operating:
• Navigation Map Page
• Nearest Pages
• Traffic Map Page
• Active Flight Plan Page
• Trip Planning Page
• System Pages
Traffic information can also be displayed on the PFD when the Synthetic Vision System (SVS) option is
installed and enabled. See the Additional Features Section for details.
Displaying traffic information (MFD maps other than the Traffic Map Page):
1) Select the MAP Softkey.
2) Select the TRAFFIC Softkey. Traffic is now displayed on the map.
When traffic is selected on maps other than the Traffic Map Page, a traffic icon is shown to indicate traffic
is enabled for display (Figure 6-115).
Displaying traffic on the Navigation Map
1) Ensure the traffic system is operating. With the Navigation Map displayed, select the MAP Softkey.
2) Select the TRAFFIC Softkey. Traffic is now displayed on the map as shown in the figure.
420
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Hazard Avoidance
Non-Threat
Traffic
Traffic
Advisory
Proximity
Traffic
Proximity
Traffic
TA Off Scale
Banner
Traffic Icon
“No Bearing”
Traffic Advisory
Figure 6-115 TCAS I Traffic on Navigation Map
Customizing the traffic display on the Navigation Map Page:
1) Select the Navigation Map Page.
2) Press the MENU Key.
3) With Map Setup highlighted, press the ENT Key (Figure 6-116).
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the Traffic Group and press the ENT Key (Figure 6-117).
5) Turn the large FMS Knob or press the ENT Key to scroll through the selections (Figure 6-118).
• TRAFFIC – Turns the display of traffic data on or off
• TRAFFIC MODE – Selects the traffic mode for display; select from:
- All Traffic - Displays all traffic
- TA/PA - Displays Traffic Advisories and Proximity Advisories
- TA ONLY - Displays Traffic Advisories only
• TRAFFIC SMBL – Selects the maximum range at which traffic symbols are shown
• TRAFFIC LBL – Selects the maximum range at which traffic labels are shown with the option to turn off
6) Turn the small FMS Knob to scroll through options (ON/OFF, range settings, etc.).
7) Press the ENT Key to select an option.
8) Press the FMS Knob or CLR Key to return to the Navigation Map Page.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
421
Hazard Avoidance
Figure 6-116 Navigation Map Page Menu
Figure 6-117 Navigation Map Page Setup Menu
Figure 6-118 Navigation Map Page Setup Menu, Traffic Group
The Navigation Map Page Setup Menu also controls the display of traffic. The setup menu controls the map
range settings. Traffic data symbols and labels can be decluttered from the display. If a map range larger than
the map range setting is selected, the data is removed from the map. Maps besides the Traffic Map Page use
settings based on those selected for the Navigation Map Page.
Traffic information can also be displayed on the PFD Inset Map by pressing the INSET Softkey. A traffic map
will appear in heading up orientation. Traffic information can also be overlaid with navigation, topographic
and optional XM Weather data.
Displaying traffic information (PFD Inset Map):
1) Select the INSET Softkey.
2) Select the TRAFFIC Softkey to display traffic data on the inset map (TRFC-1).
3) Select the softkey again to display the traffic-only inset (TRFC-2).
4) Select the softkey again to remove traffic data.
System Status
The traffic mode is annunciated in the upper left corner of the Traffic Map Page.
422
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Hazard Avoidance
Traffic Mode Annunciation
(Traffic Map Page)
Mode
TCAS I Self-test
Initiated
TEST
(also shown in white in center of page)
TCAS I Operating
OPERATING
TCAS I Standby
STANDBY
(also shown in white in center of page)
TCAS I Failed*
FAIL
Traffic Display Status Icon
(Other Maps)
* See Table 6-21 for additional failure annunciations
Table 6-20 TCAS I Modes
If the traffic unit fails, an annunciation as to the cause of the failure is shown in the center of the Traffic Map
Page. During a failure condition, the Operating Mode cannot be selected.
Traffic Map Page
Annunciation
NO DATA
DATA FAILED
FAILED
Description
Data is not being received from the TCAS I unit
Data is being received from the TCAS I unit, but the
unit is self-reporting a failure
Incorrect data format received from the TCAS I unit
Table 6-21 TCAS I Failure Annunciations
The annunciations to indicate the status of traffic information appear in a banner at the lower left corner of
maps on which traffic can be displayed.
Traffic Status Banner
Annunciation
TA OFF SCALE
TA X.X ± XX ↕
TRFC FAIL
NO TCAS DATA
Description
A Traffic Advisory is outside the selected display range*.
Annunciation is removed when traffic comes within the
selected display range.
System cannot determine bearing of Traffic Advisory**.
Annunciation indicates distance in nm, altitude separation
in hundreds of feet, and altitude trend arrow (climbing/
descending).
TCAS I unit has failed (unit is self-reporting a failure or
sending incorrectly formatted data)
Data is not being received from the TCAS I unit
*Shown as symbol on Traffic Map Page
**Shown in center of Traffic Map Page
Table 6-22 TCAS I Traffic Status Annunciations
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
423
Hazard Avoidance
6.7 TCAS II Traffic
WARNING: The Traffic Alert and Collision Avoidance System II (TCAS II) is intended for advisory use only.
TCAS II is intended to help the pilot locate transponder-equipped traffic visually and to provide advisory
vertical maneuver guidance to avoid traffic. It is the responsibility of the pilot to see and maneuver to avoid
traffic, terrain, and obstacles.
NOTE: TIS is disabled when TCAS II is installed.
NOTE: Refer to the TCAS II documentation for a detailed discussion of the TCAS II system..
TCAS II Symbology
The optional TCAS II system is designed to help in detection and avoidance of other aircraft. TCAS II uses an
on-board interrogator-processor and the Mode S transponder for the air-to-air traffic data link. Traffic is displayed
according to TCAS II symbology using six different symbols.
TCAS Symbol
Description
Non-Threat Traffic
Proximity Advisory (PA)
Traffic Advisory (TA)
Traffic Advisory Off Scale
Resolution Advisory (RA)
Resolution Advisory Off Scale
Table 6-23 TCAS II Symbol Description
A Non-threat Proximity Advisory, shown as an open white diamond, indicates that an intruding aircraft is at
greater than ±1200 feet relative altitude or the distance is beyond 5 nm.
A Proximity Advisory indicates that the intruding aircraft is within ±1200 feet and is within 6 nm range, but
is still not considered a threat.
A Traffic Advisory (TA) alerts the crew to a potentially hazardous intruding aircraft closing to within 20-48
seconds of a potential collision area. A Traffic Advisory that is beyond the selected display range is indicated by
a half TA symbol at the edge of the screen at the relative bearing of the intruder.
424
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Hazard Avoidance
A Resolution Advisory (RA) alerts the crew to intruding aircraft that are closing to within 15 to 35 seconds
of a potential collision area. RAs include vertical guidance maneuvers designed to increase or maintain vertical
separation from intruding aircraft. An RA that is beyond the selected display range is indicated by a half RA
symbol at the edge of the screen at the relative bearing of the intruder.
TCAS II Alerts
NOTE: Refer to the TCAS II documentation for information on alerts generated by the TCAS II equipment.
When the TCAS II unit issues a TA or RA, the following occur:
• A voice alert is generated when a TA or RA is displayed.
• A TRAFFIC Annunciation appears at the top right of the airspeed indicator on the PFD, flashing for 5 seconds
and remaining displayed until no TAs or RAs are detected in the area. RA TRAFFIC annunciations are white
text with red backgrounds; TA TRAFFIC annunciations are black text with yellow backgrounds. If a TA and
RA occur simultaneously, only the red and white RA TRAFFIC annunciation is shown.
• The PFD Inset Map is automatically displayed with TA or RA traffic.
• During an RA only, voice alert(s) provide vertical guidance to resolve the traffic conflict while the PFD displays
pitch and vertical speed cues (Figure 6-119). Additional voice alerts occur to denote changes in the RA
status.
RA Annunciation
TA Annunciation
Fly-To Pitch Cue
Fly-To Vertical
Speed
No-Fly Pitch Cue
No-Fly Vertical
Speed Range
Inset Map
Displays When TA
or RA is Detected
Traffic/Map Inset
Softkey
Figure 6-119 Traffic Annunciation with Resolution Advisory (PFD)
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
425
Hazard Avoidance
Resolution advisories
During an RA, vertical guidance indications appear on the Attitude Indicator and Vertical Speed indicators
of the PFD to provide visual pitch cues for the flight crew to use to achieve (or maintain) vertical separation
from intruding traffic (Figure 6-120).
The Attitude Indicator will depict a range of pitch attitudes to avoid using no-fly pitch cues positioned on
the pitch ladder. The no-fly pitch cues are indicated by red open trapezoid-shaped areas encompassing the
range of pitch attitudes to be avoided during an RA. If an RA requires a change in existing pitch attitude, a
green rectangular fly-to pitch cue will appear above or below the no-fly pitch cue to indicate a recommended
pitch attitude. If multiple intruding aircraft limit available pitch travel in both directions, two no-fly pitch
cues will appear on the pitch ladder, indicating flight should occur between the two no-fly pitch cues.
While an RA is occurring, the Vertical Speed Indicator (VSI) will show vertical speeds required to resolve
the traffic conflict. A red vertical bar appears on the VSI scale to indicate the range of vertical speeds to be
avoided during the RA. If the current aircraft vertical speed is within this red range, the pointer on the VSI
also turns red. When an RA directs the flight crew to fly to (or maintain) a vertical speed, a green vertical bar
will appear on the VSI scale at the recommended vertical speed range.
Pitch cues on the Attitude Indicator and vertical bars on the Vertical Speed Indicator are removed when the
RA condition has been resolved. In addition the TCAS II system will announce the aircraft is clear of the RA
conflict.
426
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Hazard Avoidance
Descend
Climb
Maintain, Don’t Climb
Maintain, Don’t Descend
Maintain, Don’t Climb and Don’t Descend
Adjust Vertical Speed
Figure 6-120 Example Resolution Advisory Visual Cues
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
427
Hazard Avoidance
System Test
The TCAS II system can be tested on either the PFD or MFD.
On the PFD:
1) Press the XPDR/TFC Softkey.
2) Press the TCAS Softkey.
3) Press the TEST Softkey.
On the MFD:
1) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the Map Page Group.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the Traffic Map Page.
3) Turn the Range knob to set the range to 2/6 nm to allow for full traffic test pattern display.
4) Select the TEST Softkey.
Or:
1) Press the MENU Key and turn the small FMS knob to select ‘Test Mode’.
2) Press the ENT Key.
When initiating the system test, the TCAS II unit issues the aural annunciation “TCAS Test”. A traffic test
pattern is displayed on the Traffic Map Page of the MFD, and on the Inset Map on the PFD (which pops up if
not already displayed.) A Resolution Advisory (RA) alert annunciation is shown on the PFD, and pitch cues
appear on the attitude indicator and vertical speed indicator indicating not to descend, and not to climb greater
than 2000 feet per minute. The system test takes approximately eight seconds to complete. If the system test
passes, a voice alert “TCAS Test Pass” is heard. If the system test fails, a voice alert “TCAS Test Fail” is heard
and a visual annunciation ‘TCAS FAIL’ appears on the PFD. In addition, a visual annunciation ‘FAIL’ appears in
the Operating Mode box on the Traffic Map Page.
428
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Hazard Avoidance
Operation
To display TCAS II Traffic, the system must be in TA ONLY or TA/RA Mode. These modes can be accessed
on the PFD or on the Traffic Map Page of the MFD.
Switching from standby mode to TA only or TA/RA mode:
WARNING: While the TA/RA Softkey may be selected at any altitude, Resolution Advisory vertical guidance
will only by issued when the aircraft is at or above 1000’ AGL.
On the MFD:
1) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the Map Page Group.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the Traffic Map Page.
3) Select the TA ONLY or TA/RA Softkey
Or:
1) Press the MENU Key and turn the small FMS knob to select ‘TA Only Mode’ or ‘TA/RA Mode’.
2) Press the ENT Key. The unit switches from Standby Mode to TA Only or TA/RA Mode as necessary.
On the PFD:
1) Press the XPDR/TFC Softkey.
2) Press the MODE Softkey.
3) Press the TA Only or TA/RA Softkey
Switching from TA ONLY or TA/RA mode to standby mode:
On the MFD:
1) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the Map Page Group.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the Traffic Map Page.
3) Select the TFC STBY Softkey
Or:
1) Press the MENU Key and turn the small FMS knob to select ‘Traffic Standby Mode’.
2) Press the ENT Key.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
429
Hazard Avoidance
Automatic Mode Selection
The TCAS II system automatically changes operating modes when the aircraft reaches the flight conditions
shown in Table 6-24.
Condition
TCAS II Mode Automatically Selected
In air, below 1000’ AGL
TA Only
At or above 1000’ AGL
TA/RA
After landing
TCAS Standby
Table 6-24 TCAS II Automatic Mode Selection
Traffic MAP Page
The Traffic Map Page shows surrounding TCAS II traffic data in relation to the aircraft’s current position and
altitude, without basemap clutter. Aircraft orientation is always heading up unless there is no valid heading.
Map range is adjustable with the RANGE Knob from 2 to 40 nm, as indicated by the map range rings.
The traffic mode and altitude display mode are annunciated in the upper left corner.
Operating
Mode
Altitude
Mode
Traffic Display
Range Rings
Proximity
Traffic, 400’
Below, Level
Off Scale Traffic
Advisory
Resolution
Advisory,
100’ Below,
Descending
Traffic Advisory,
500’ Above,
Climbing
“Non-Bearing”
(Bearing Unknown)
Resolution Advisory,
Distance 3.1 nm,
4500’ Below,
Climbing
Non-Threat
Traffic, 400’
Below, Level
Off Scale
Resolution
Advisory
Figure 6-121 Traffic Map Page
430
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Hazard Avoidance
Displaying traffic on the Traffic Map Page:
1) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the Map Page Group.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the Traffic Map Page.
3) Select the TA ONLY or TA/RA Softkey to begin displaying traffic. TA ONLY or TA/RA is displayed in the Traffic
mode field.
4) Select the REL or ABS Softkey to display the relative or absolute altitude of other aircraft.
5) Select the TFC STBY Softkey to place the system in the Standby mode. STANDBY is displayed in the Traffic
mode field.
6) Turn the RANGE Knob clockwise to display a larger area or counter-clockwise to display a smaller area.
Altitude Display
The Pilot can select the volume of airspace in which non-threat and proximity traffic is displayed. Traffic
Advisories (TAs) and Resolution Advisories (RAs) outside of these limits will always be shown.
Changing the altitude range:
On the PFD:
1) Press the XPDR/TFC Softkey.
2) Press the TCAS Softkey
3) Press the ALT RNG Softkey
4) Press one of the following altitude range Softkeys:
• ABOVE: Displays non-threat and proximity traffic from 9900 feet above the aircraft to 2700 feet below the
aircraft. Typically used during climb phase of flight.
• NORMAL: Displays non-threat and proximity traffic from 2700 feet above the aircraft to 2700 feet below
the aircraft. Typically used during enroute phase of flight.
• BELOW: Displays non-threat and proximity traffic from 2700 feet above the aircraft to 9900 feet below the
aircraft. Typically used during descent phase of flight.
•
UNREST (unrestricted): All traffic is displayed
5) Press the BACK Softkey.
On the MFD:
1) On the Traffic Map Page, select the ALT RNG Softkey.
2) Select one of the following Softkeys (see softkey description in step 4 above):
•
ABOVE
•
NORMAL
•
BELOW
•
UNRESTRICTED
3) To return to the Traffic Page, select the BACK Softkey.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
431
Hazard Avoidance
Or:
1) Press the MENU Key.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to select one of the following (see softkey description in step 4 above):
•
ABOVE
•
NORMAL
•
BELOW
•
UNRESTRICTED
3) Select the ENT Softkey.
Traffic Map Page Display Range
The display range on the Traffic Map Page can be changed at any time. Map range is adjustable with the
RANGE Knob from 2 to 40 nm, as indicated by the map range rings.
Changing the display range on the Traffic Map Page:
1) Turn the RANGE Knob.
2) The following range options are available:
•
2 nm
•
2 and 6 nm
•
6 and 12 nm
•
12 and 24 nm
•
24 and 40 nm
Additional Traffic Displays
Traffic information can be displayed on the following maps on the MFD when the unit is operating:
• Navigation Map Page
• Nearest Pages
• Traffic Map Page
• Active Flight Plan Page
• Trip Planning Page
Traffic information can also be displayed on the PFD when the Synthetic Vision System (SVS) option is
installed and enabled. See the Additional Features Section for details.
Displaying traffic information (MFD maps other than the Traffic Map Page):
1) Select the MAP Softkey.
2) Select the TRAFFIC Softkey. Traffic is now displayed on the map.
When traffic is selected on maps other than the Traffic Map Page, a traffic icon is shown to indicate TCAS
II is enabled for display (Figure 6-122).
432
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Hazard Avoidance
Displaying traffic on the Navigation Map
1) Ensure the TCAS II system is operating. With the Navigation Map displayed, select the MAP Softkey.
2) Select the TRAFFIC Softkey. Traffic is now displayed on the map as shown in the figure.
Proximity
Traffic
Traffic
Advisory
Resolution
Advisory
Non-Threat
Traffic
TA Off Scale
Banner
Non-Bearing
Resolution
and Traffic
Advisories
Traffic Icon
Figure 6-122 TCAS II Traffic on Navigation Map
Customizing the traffic display on the Navigation Map Page:
1) Select the Navigation Map Page.
2) Press the MENU Key.
3) With Map Setup highlighted, press the ENT Key (Figure 6-123).
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the Traffic Group and press the ENT Key (Figure 6-124).
5) Turn the large FMS Knob or press the ENT Key to scroll through the selections (Figure 6-125).
• TRAFFIC – Turns the display of traffic data on or off
• TRAFFIC MODE – Selects the traffic mode for display; select from:
- All Traffic - Displays all traffic
- TA/RA/PA - Displays Traffic Advisories, Resolution Advisories, and Proximity Advisories
- TA/RA ONLY - Displays Traffic Advisories and Resolution Advisories only
• TRAFFIC SMBL – Selects the maximum range at which traffic symbols are shown
• TRAFFIC LBL – Selects the maximum range at which traffic labels are shown with the option to turn off
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
433
Hazard Avoidance
6) Turn the small FMS Knob to scroll through options (ON/OFF, range settings, etc.).
7) Press the ENT Key to select an option.
8) Press the FMS Knob or CLR Key to return to the Navigation Map Page.
Figure 6-123 Navigation Map Page Menu
Figure 6-124 Navigation Map Page Setup Menu
Figure 6-125 Navigation Map Page Setup Menu, Traffic Group
The Navigation Map Page Setup Menu also controls the display of traffic. The setup menu controls the map
range settings. Traffic data symbols and labels can be decluttered from the display. If a map range larger than
the map range setting is selected, the data is removed from the map. Maps besides the Traffic Map Page use
settings based on those selected for the Navigation Map Page.
Traffic information can also be displayed on the PFD Inset Map by pressing the TRFC/MAP Softkey. A
traffic map will appear in heading up orientation. Traffic information can also be overlaid with navigation,
topographic and optional XM Weather data.
Displaying additional information with Traffic on the PFD Inset Map.
1) Press the TRFC/MAP Softkey. Traffic map (TRFC-2) is displayed heading up.
2) Press the TRFC-2 Softkey.
3) Press the Softkey(s) for the item(s) to be included on the PFD Inset Map (TRAFFIC, TOPO, NEXRAD, XM LTNG)
4) Press the BACK Softkey.
434
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Hazard Avoidance
System Status
The traffic mode is annunciated in the upper left corner of the Traffic Map Page.
Mode
PFD Mode
Annunciation
TCAS II Self-test
Initiated (TEST)
None
Traffic Advisory and
Resolution Advisory
(TA/RA)
None
MFD Traffic Map Page Mode
Annunciation
TEST
(‘TEST MODE’ also shown in white on
top center of page)
TA/RA
Traffic Advisory Only
(TA ONLY)
TCAS II Standby
(TFC STBY)
Traffic Display Status Icon
(Other Maps)
TA ONLY
o Or:
*
STANDBY
(also shown in white in center of page
on ground, yellow in the air)
FAIL
TCAS II Failed**
* Annunciation appears in yellow while in the air.
** See Table 6-26 for additional failure annunciations.
Table 6-25 TCAS II Modes
If the traffic unit fails, an annunciation as to the cause of the failure is shown in the center of the Traffic Map
Page.
Traffic Map Page
Annunciation
NO DATA
DATA FAILED
FAILED
Description
Data is not being received from the TCAS II unit
Data is being received from the TCAS II unit, but the
unit is self-reporting a failure
Incorrect data format received from the TCAS II unit
Table 6-26 TCAS II Failure Annunciations
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
435
Hazard Avoidance
The annunciations to indicate the status of traffic information appear in a banner at the lower left corner of
maps on which traffic can be displayed.
Traffic Status Banner
Annunciation
RA OFF SCALE
TA OFF SCALE
RA X.X ± XX ↕
TA X.X ± XX ↕
TRFC FAIL
NO TCAS DATA
Description
A Resolution Advisory is outside the selected display
range*. Annunciation is removed when traffic comes within
the selected display range
A Traffic Advisory is outside the selected display range*.
Annunciation is removed when traffic comes within the
selected display range.
System cannot determine bearing of Resolution Advisory**.
Annunciation indicates distance in nm, altitude separation
in hundreds of feet, and altitude trend arrow (climbing/
descending).
System cannot determine bearing of Traffic Advisory**.
Annunciation indicates distance in nm, altitude separation
in hundreds of feet, and altitude trend arrow (climbing/
descending).
TCAS II unit has failed (unit is self-reporting a failure or
sending incorrectly formatted data)
Data is not being received from the TCAS II unit
*Shown as symbol on Traffic Map Page
**Shown in center of Traffic Map Page
Table 6-27 TCAS II Traffic Status Annunciations
436
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Automatic Flight Control System
Section 7 Automatic Flight Control System
Note: The approved Airplane Flight Manual (AFM) always supersedes this Pilot’s Guide.
The GFC 700 is a digital Automatic Flight Control System (AFCS) that is fully integrated within the avionics
architecture. The System Overview section provides a block diagram to support this system description.
GFC 700 AFCS functionality is distributed across the following Line Replaceable Units (LRUs):
• GDU 1240A Primary Flight Displays (PFDs) (2)
• GSA 81 AFCS Servos (3)
• GMC 715 AFCS Control Unit
• GSM 85A Servo Gearboxes (3)
• GIA 63W Integrated Avionics Units (IAUs) (2)
The GFC 700 AFCS can be divided into these main operating functions:
• Flight Director (FD) — The GFC 700 flight director function can be coupled to either the pilot-side or
copilot-side PFD data. The CPL Key selects the PFD source for the Flight Director. Commands for the selected
flight director source are displayed on both PFDs. The flight director provides:
– Vertical/lateral mode selection and processing
– Command Bars showing pitch/roll guidance
– Pitch and roll commands to the autopilot
• Autopilot (AP) — Autopilot operation occurs within the pitch and roll servos. It provides automatic flight
control in response to flight director steering commands, Attitude and Heading Reference System (AHRS)
attitude and rate information, and airspeed.
• Yaw Damper (YD) — The yaw servo provides Dutch roll damping and turn coordination in response to yaw
rate, roll angle, lateral acceleration, and airspeed.
• Manual Electric Pitch Trim (MEPT) — The pitch trim system provides manual electric pitch trim
capability.
• Automatic Pitch Trim (APT) — The pitch trim system provides automatic pitch trim when the autopilot is
engaged
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
437
Automatic Flight Control System
7.1 AFCS Controls
The AFCS Control Unit is positioned above the MFD, and has the following controls:
1
10
FD Keys
Activate/deactivate the selected flight director (pilot- or copilot-side) in default
vertical and lateral modes
Press the other FD Key to toggle the corresponding PFD’s Command Bars off/on
2
NAV Key
HDG Key
4 AP Key
5 YD Key
6 ALT Key
7 VNV Key
8 VS Key
9 FLC Key
20 CRS Knobs
3
11
12
SPD SEL Knob
UP/DN Wheel
14 ALT SEL Knob
13
15
CSC Key
16
CPL Key
Selects/deselects Navigation Mode
Selects/deselects Heading Select Mode
Engages/disengages the autopilot
Engages/disengages the yaw damper
Selects/deselects Altitude Hold Mode
Selects/deselects Vertical Path Tracking Mode for Vertical Navigation flight control
Selects/deselects Vertical Speed Mode
Selects/deselects Flight Level Change Mode
Adjust the Selected Course (while in VOR, LOC, or OBS Mode) in 1° increments on
the Horizontal Situation Indicator (HSI) of the corresponding PFD
Press to re-center the Course Deviation Indicator (CDI) and return course pointer
directly TO the bearing of the active waypoint/station
Adjusts the Airspeed Reference and bug in 1-kt (0.01 M) increments
Press to toggle the Airspeed Reference units from IAS to Mach
Adjusts the Vertical Speed Reference and bug in 100-fpm increments
Adjusts the Selected Altitude and bug in 100-ft increments (a finer resolution of 10
feet is available under approach conditions)
Selects/deselects Current Speed Control (if available) when Altitude Hold Mode is
active
Selects the PFD data source (pilot-side or copilot-side) for the Flight Director.
When the flight director source is switched, the modes revert to default. An arrow
in the AFCS Status Box indicates the active FD source (pilot- or copilot-side).
17 HDG SEL Knob Adjusts the Selected Heading and bug in 1° increments on the HSI (both PFDs)
APR Key
19 BANK Key
18
438
Press to synchronize the Selected Heading to the current heading on the pilot-side PFD
Selects/deselects Approach Mode
Manually selects/deselects Low Bank Mode
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Automatic Flight Control System
1
2
3
20
19 18 17
4
16
5
6
15
14
7
8
9
10
13
12
11
Figure 7-1 GMC 715 AFCS Control Unit
The following AFCS controls are located separately from the AFCS Control Unit:
AP DISC Switch
(Autopilot
Disconnect)
Disengages the autopilot and yaw damper, and interrupts pitch trim operation
CWS Button
(Control Wheel
Steering)
While pressed, allows manual control of the aircraft while the autopilot is engaged and
synchronizes the flight director’s Command Bars with the current aircraft pitch (if not
in Glideslope or Glidepath Mode) and roll (if in Roll Hold Mode)
An AP DISC Switch is located on each control wheel.
This switch may be used to acknowledge an autopilot disconnect alert and mute
the associated aural alert.
A CWS Button is located on each control wheel.
Upon release of the CWS Button, the flight director may establish new pitch and
roll references, depending on the current vertical and lateral modes. CWS operation
details are discussed in the respective mode sections of this manual.
TO/GA Switch
(Go Around)
Disengages the autopilot, if engaged, and selects flight director Takeoff Mode (on
ground) or Go Around Mode (in air)
The TO/GA Switch is located on the throttle handle.
This switch also activates the missed approach when the selected navigation source
is GPS or when the navigation source is VOR/LOC and a valid frequency has been
tuned.
Used to command manual electric pitch trim
MEPT Switch
(Manual Electric An MEPT Switch is located on each control wheel.
Pitch Trim)
The pilot side MEPT Switch has priority over the copilot side MEPT Switch.
This composite switch is split into left and right sides. The left switch is the ARM
contact and the right switch controls the DN (forward) and UP (rearward) contacts.
Manual trim commands are generated only when both sides of the switch are operated
simultaneously. Pushing either MEPT Switch disengages the autopilot, if engaged,
but does not affect yaw damper operation.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
439
Automatic Flight Control System
7.2 Flight Director Operation
The flight director function provides pitch and roll commands to the AFCS and displays them on the PFDs.
With the flight director active, the aircraft can be hand-flown to follow the path shown by the Command Bars.
Maximum commanded pitch (±20°) and roll (30°) angles, vertical acceleration, and roll rate are limited to values
established during AFCS certification. The flight director also provides commands to the autopilot.
Activating the Flight Director
An initial press of a key listed in Table 7-1 activates the flight director in the listed modes.
Control Pressed
FD PFD Data
Source
Modes Selected
FD Key (pilot-side)*
FD Key (copilotside)*
AP Key
CWS Button
Pilot-side
Lateral
Roll Hold (default)
Pilot-side
Roll Hold (default)
ROL
Pitch Hold (default)
PIT
Pilot-side
Pilot-side
GA Switch
Pilot-side
ALT Key
VS Key
Pilot-side
Pilot-side
Roll Hold (default)
Roll Hold (default)
Roll Hold (default)
Roll Hold (default)
Roll Hold (default)
Roll Hold (default)
ROL
ROL
ROL
ROL
ROL
ROL
PIT
PIT
TO
GA
ALT
VS
VNV Key
Pilot-side
Roll Hold (default)
ROL
Pitch Hold (default)
Pitch Hold (default)
Takeoff (on ground)
Go Around (in air)
Altitude Hold
Vertical Speed
Vertical Path
Tracking**
NAV Key
Pilot-side
Navigation***
APR Key
Pilot-side
Approach***
HDG Key
Pilot-side
Heading Select
ROL
Vertical
Pitch Hold (default)
PIT
GPS
VOR
LOC
BC
GPS
VOR
LOC
HDG
VPTH
Pitch Hold (default)
PIT
Pitch Hold (default)
PIT
Pitch Hold (default)
PIT
*Subsequent presses of the FD Key will toggle the flight director on/off on its respective side. However,
pressing the FD Key for the inactive flight director only removes the Command Bars from the corresponding
display. The FD Keys are disabled when the autopilot is engaged.
** Valid VNV flight plan must be entered before VNV Key press activates flight director.
***The selected navigation receiver must have a valid VOR or LOC signal or active GPS course before NAV
or APR Key press activates flight director.
Table 7-1 Flight Director Activation
440
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Automatic Flight Control System
AFCS Status Box
Flight director mode annunciations are displayed on the PFDs when the flight director is active. Flight
director selection, autopilot, yaw damper, and Current Speed Control (if available) statuses are shown in the
center of the AFCS Status Box. Lateral flight director modes are displayed on the left and vertical on the right.
Armed modes are displayed in white and active in green or magenta (if the mode reference is provided by the
GPS navigation function).
Lateral Modes
Armed
Active
Yaw Current
Autopilot Damper Speed
Status Control
Status
Flight Director
Indicator Arrow
Vertical Modes
Active
Armed
AFCS Status Box
Selected
Altitude
Command
Bars
GPS is Selected
Navigation
Source
Figure 7-2 PFD AFCS Display
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
441
Automatic Flight Control System
Flight Director Modes
Flight director modes are normally selected independently for the pitch and roll axes. Unless otherwise
specified, all mode keys are alternate action (i.e., press on, press off). In the absence of specific mode selection,
the flight director reverts to the default pitch and/or roll modes(s).
Armed modes are annunciated in white and active in green or magenta (if the mode reference is provided by
the GPS navigation function) in the AFCS Status Box. Under normal operation, when the control for the active
flight director mode is pressed, the flight director reverts to the default mode(s) for the axis(es). Automatic
transition from armed to active mode is indicated by the white armed mode annunciation moving to the active
mode field and flashing for 5 seconds.
If the information required to compute a flight director mode becomes invalid or unavailable, the flight
director automatically reverts to the default mode for that axis. A flashing yellow mode annunciation indicates
loss of sensor (ADC) or navigation data (VOR, LOC, GPS, VNV, SBAS) required to compute commands. When
such a loss occurs, the system automatically begins to roll the wings level (enters Roll Hold Mode) or maintain
the pitch angle (enters Pitch Hold Mode), depending on the affected axis. The flashing annunciation stops
when the affected mode key is pressed or another mode for the axis is selected. After 5 seconds, if no action is
taken, the flashing annunciation stops and the flight director enters the default mode for the affected axis.
Figure 7-3 Loss of VOR Signal
The flight director is automatically disabled if the attitude information required to compute the default flight
director modes becomes invalid or unavailable.
Flight Director Selection
The GFC 700 flight director can be coupled to either the pilot-side or copilot-side PFD data using the CPL
Key. When the pilot-side or copilot-side data source is changed, the vertical and lateral modes revert to default.
The autopilot follows the selected flight director only, indicated by an arrow pointing toward either the pilot or
copilot side, in the center of the AFCS Status Box.
The currently active flight director may be turned off and the Command Bars removed from the displays
by pressing the active FD Key again. Pressing the FD Key for the inactive flight director only removes the
Command Bars from the corresponding display. The FD key for the selected flight director is disabled when
the autopilot is engaged.
Pilot-side Flight Director Selected
Copilot-side Flight Director Selected
Figure 7-4 Flight Director Selection Indications
442
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Automatic Flight Control System
Command Bars
Upon activation of the flight director, Command Bars are displayed in magenta on the PFDs as single cues or
cross pointers. The aircraft symbol (in yellow) changes to accommodate the Command Bar format; the Command
Bars do not override the aircraft symbol. The single-cue Command Bars (Figure 7-5) move together vertically to
indicate pitch commands and bank left or right to indicate roll commands. Command Bars displayed as a cross
pointer (Figure 7-6) move independently to indicate pitch (horizontal bar) and roll (vertical bar) commands.
Both PFDs show the same Command Bar format.
Command Bars
Aircraft Symbol
Figure 7-5 Single-cue Command Bars
Command Bars
Aircraft Symbol
Figure 7-6 Cross-pointer Command Bars
Changing Command Bar format:
1) Use the FMS Knob to select the AUX - System Setup Page on the MFD.
2) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘Format Active’ in the ‘Flight Director’ box.
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to highlight the desired format.
’SNGL CUE’ to display Command Bars as a single cue (Aircraft Symbol in figure 7-5).
Or:
’X-POINTER’ to display Command Bars as a cross pointer (Aircraft Symbol in Figure 7-6).
If the attitude information being sent to the flight director becomes invalid or unavailable, the Command Bars
are removed from the display. The flight director Command Bars also disappear if the pitch exceeds +30˚/-20˚
or bank exceeds 65˚.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
443
Automatic Flight Control System
7.3 Vertical Modes
Table 7-2 lists the GFC 700’s vertical modes with their corresponding controls and annunciations. The mode
reference is displayed next to the active mode annunciation for Altitude Hold, Vertical Speed, and Flight Level
Change modes. The UP/DN Wheel can be used to change the vertical mode reference while operating under
Vertical Speed Mode.
Vertical Mode
Pitch Hold
Description
Control Annunciation
Holds the current aircraft pitch attitude;
may be used to climb/descend to the (default)
PIT
Selected Altitude
Selected Altitude Capture
Captures the Selected Altitude
Altitude Hold
Holds the current altitude reference
Reference Range
±20˚
*
ALTS
ALT Key
ALT
-1000 ft up to
+41000 ft
VS
±4000 fpm
Maintains the current aircraft vertical
speed; may be used to climb/descend to VS Key
the Selected Altitude
Maintains the current aircraft airspeed (in
Flight Level Change
IAS or Mach) while the aircraft is climbing/ FLC Key
descending to the Selected Altitude
Captures and tracks descent legs of an VNV
Vertical Path Tracking
active vertical profile
Key
Captures the Vertical Navigation (VNV)
VNV Target Altitude Capture
**
Target Altitude
Captures and tracks the SBAS glidepath on
Glidepath
approach
APR
Key
Captures and tracks the ILS glideslope on
Glideslope
approach
Commands a constant pitch angle and
Takeoff
wings level on the ground in preparation
for takeoff
TO/GA
Disengages the autopilot and commands a Switch
Go Around
constant pitch angle and wings level while
in the air
Vertical Speed
FLC
80 – 275 kt
0.4 – 0.7 M
VPTH
ALTV
GP
GS
TO
5.5 – 11˚ ***
GA
2 – 7.5˚ ***
* ALTS is armed automatically when PIT, VS, FLC, TO, or GA is active, and under VPTH when the Selected Altitude is to be
captured instead of the VNV Target Altitude.
** ALTV is armed automatically under VPTH when the VNV Target Altitude is to be captured instead of the Selected Altitude.
*** The specific reference value is based on the flap setting and the presence of icing conditions.
Table 7-2 Flight Director Vertical Modes
444
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Automatic Flight Control System
Pitch Hold Mode (PIT)
When the flight director is activated (with the FD Key) or switched, Pitch Hold Mode is selected by default.
Pitch Hold Mode is indicated as the active vertical mode by the ‘PIT’ annunciation. This mode may be used for
climb or descent to the Selected Altitude (shown above the Altimeter), since Selected Altitude Capture Mode is
automatically armed when Pitch Hold Mode is activated.
In Pitch Hold Mode, the flight director maintains a constant pitch attitude, the pitch reference. The pitch
reference is set to the aircraft pitch attitude at the moment of mode selection. If the aircraft pitch attitude
exceeds the flight director pitch command limitations, the flight director commands a pitch angle equal to the
nose-up/down limit.
Changing the Pitch Reference
When operating in Pitch Hold Mode, the pitch reference can be adjusted by pressing the CWS Button,
hand-flying the aircraft to establish a new pitch reference, then releasing the CWS Button.
Pitch Hold
Mode Active
Selected Altitude
Capture Mode Armed
Selected
Altitude
Command Bars Maintain
Desired Pitch Reference
Figure 7-7 Pitch Hold Mode
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
445
Automatic Flight Control System
Selected Altitude Capture Mode (ALTS)
Selected Altitude Capture Mode is automatically armed with activation of the following modes:
• Pitch Hold
• Takeoff/Go Around (if the Selected Altitude is at
least 400 feet above the current aircraft altitude)
• Vertical Speed
• Vertical Path Tracking (if the Selected Altitude is to
be captured instead of the VNAV Target Altitude)
• Flight Level Change
The white ‘ALTS’ annunciation indicates Selected Altitude Capture Mode is armed (see Figure 7-7 for example).
The ALT SEL Knob is used to set the Selected Altitude (shown above the Altimeter) until Selected Altitude
Capture Mode becomes active.
As the aircraft nears the Selected Altitude, the flight director automatically transitions to Selected Altitude
Capture Mode with Altitude Hold Mode armed (Figure 7-8). This automatic transition is indicated by the green
‘ALTS’ annunciation flashing for up to 5 seconds and the appearance of the white ‘ALT’ annunciation.
At 50 feet from the Selected Altitude, the flight director automatically transitions from Selected Altitude
Capture to Altitude Hold Mode and holds the Selected Altitude (when within 50 feet of the selected altitude
depending on vertical speed ALT mode may activate directly). As Altitude Hold Mode becomes active, the
white ‘ALT’ annunciation moves to the active vertical mode field and flashes green for 5 seconds to indicate the
automatic transition.
Flash Up to 5 sec, Indicating Automatic Transition
Figure 7-8 Automatic Mode Transitions During Altitude Capture
Changing the Selected Altitude
NOTE: Pressing the CWS Button while in Selected Altitude Capture Mode does not cancel the mode.
Use of the ALT SEL Knob to change the Selected Altitude while Selected Altitude Capture Mode is active
causes the flight director to revert to Pitch Hold Mode with Selected Altitude Capture Mode armed for the
new Selected Altitude.
Altitude Hold Mode (ALT)
Note: To serve as a visual reminder of a target airspeed, the pilot can adjust the cyan Airspeed Reference
Bug using the SPD SEL Knob when NOT in Flight Level Change Mode or Altitude Hold Mode (with CSC
engaged).
If Altitude Hold Mode is activated by pressing the ALT Key; the flight director maintains the current aircraft
altitude (to the nearest 10 feet). Altitude Hold Mode active is indicated by an ‘ALT’ annunciation in the AFCS
Status Box.
446
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Automatic Flight Control System
Altitude Hold Mode is automatically armed when the flight director is in either of the following modes:
• Selected Altitude Capture (see Figure 7-7)
• VNV Target Altitude Capture (see Figure 7-17)
The transition to Altitude Hold Mode automatically occurs when the altitude error is less than 50 feet. In
this case, the Selected or VNV Target Altitude becomes the flight director’s altitude reference. The active mode
annunciation ‘ALT’ appears in magenta if the transition was made from VNV Target Altitude Capture Mode.
Changing the Altitude Reference
NOTE: Turning the ALT SEL Knob while in Altitude Hold Mode changes the Selected Altitude, but not the
flight director’s altitude reference, and does not cancel the mode.
With the CWS Button pressed, the aircraft can be hand-flown to a new altitude reference. When the CWS
Button is released at the desired altitude, the new altitude is established as the altitude reference.
Current Speed Control (IF AVAILABLE)
Current Speed Control (if available) can be engaged if the autopilot is engaged and Altitude Hold Mode (ALT)
or VNV Target Altitude Capture (ALTV) Mode is active. When the CSC Key is pressed, the Full Authority
Digital Engine Control (FADEC) varies engine thrust to maintain the desired Airspeed Reference (green Airspeed
Reference Bug), within a certain control range.
NOTE: For CSC engagement and disengagement detailed conditions, see the approved Pilot’s Operating
Handbook (POH).
Current Speed
Control Active
Altitude Hold
Mode Active
Airspeed
Reference
Selected
Altitude
Airspeed
Reference
Bug
Selected
Altitude
Bug
Command Bars Hold Pitch Attitude
to Maintain Altitude Reference
Figure 7-9 Altitude Hold Mode
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
447
Automatic Flight Control System
Vertical Speed Mode (VS)
In Vertical Speed Mode, the flight director acquires and maintains a Vertical Speed Reference (shown above
the Vertical Speed Indicator). Current aircraft vertical speed (to the nearest 100 fpm) becomes the Vertical
Speed Reference at the moment of Vertical Speed Mode activation. This mode may be used for climb or descent
to the Selected Altitude (shown above the Altimeter) since Selected Altitude Capture Mode is automatically
armed when Vertical Speed Mode is selected.
When Vertical Speed Mode is activated by pressing the VS Key, ‘VS’ is annunciated in green in the AFCS Status
Box. The Vertical Speed Reference is displayed above the Vertical Speed Indicator. A Vertical Speed Reference
Bug corresponding to the Vertical Speed Reference is shown on the indicator.
Changing the Vertical Speed Reference
The Vertical Speed Reference (shown above the Vertical Speed Indicator) may be changed by:
• Using the UP/DN Wheel
• Pressing the CWS Button, hand-flying the aircraft to attain a new Vertical Speed Reference, then releasing
the CWS Button
Vertical Speed
Mode Active
Selected Altitude
Capture Mode Armed
Selected
Altitude
Vertical
Speed
Reference
Vertical
Speed
Reference
Bug
Command Bars Indicate Climb to
Attain Vertical Speed Reference
Figure 7-10 Vertical Speed Hold Mode
448
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Automatic Flight Control System
Flight Level Change Mode (FLC)
NOTE: The Selected Altitude should be set before selecting Flight Level Change Mode.
Flight Level Change Mode is selected by pressing the FLC Key. This mode acquires and maintains the
Airspeed Reference (in IAS or Mach) while climbing or descending to the Selected Altitude (shown above
the Altimeter). When Flight Level Change Mode is active, the flight director continuously monitors Selected
Altitude, airspeed, Mach, and altitude.
The Airspeed Reference is set to the current airspeed upon mode activation. Flight Level Change Mode
is indicated by a green ‘FLC’ annunciation in the AFCS Status Box. The Airspeed Reference is displayed
directly above the Airspeed Indicator, along with a cyan Airspeed Reference Bug corresponding to the Airspeed
Reference along the tape.
Engine power must be adjusted to allow the autopilot to fly the aircraft at a pitch attitude corresponding
to the desired flight profile (climb or descent) while maintaining the Airspeed Reference. The flight director
maintains the current altitude until either engine power or the Airspeed Reference are adjusted and does not
allow the aircraft to climb or descend away from the Selected Altitude.
Flight Level Change
Mode Active
Selected Altitude
Capture Mode Armed
Airspeed
Reference
Airspeed
Reference
Bug
Command Bars Indicate Climb
to Attain Selected Altitude
Figure 7-11 Flight Level Change Mode (IAS)
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
449
Automatic Flight Control System
Changing the Airspeed Reference (FLC Mode)
The Airspeed Reference (shown above the Airspeed Indicator) may be adjusted by:
• Using the SPD SEL Knob
• Pressing the CWS Button, hand-flying the aircraft to attain a new Airspeed Reference, then releasing the
CWS Button
During climb, the Airspeed Reference units automatically change from IAS to Mach when either the altitude
or the airspeed listed in Table 7-3 are attained. For descent, the units switch back at the specified altitude
or airspeed. The system determines aircraft climb or descent by the relationship between the current and
Selected altitudes.
Airspeed Reference Units
Default Units Change To:
Climb
IAS
Mach
Descent
Mach
IAS
Unit Type Changes At:
Altitude
Airspeed
> 31,500 ft > M 0.55
< 30,500 ft < 250 kt
Table 7-3 FLC Mode Unit Changes
Airspeed Reference units can be manually toggled between IAS and Mach units by pressing the SPD SEL
Knob. When the FLC Airspeed Reference is displayed in Mach, the Airspeed Reference Bug is displayed
on the Airspeed Indicator at the IAS corresponding to the selected Mach target speed and the current Mach
number is shown below the Airspeed Indicator.
Flight Level Change
Mode Active
Selected Altitude
Capture Mode Armed
Airspeed
Reference
(Mach)
Airspeed
Reference
Bug
Command Bars Indicate Climb
to attain Selected Altitude
Figure 7-12 Flight Level Change Mode (Mach)
The Airspeed Reference Bug can be set at all times (to be used as a visual reference) except when CSC is
engaged. In CSC mode the Airspeed Reference Bug is fixed and set at the airspeed existing at the time of CSC
engagement. While the bug can be set during these modes it is only being controlled when in FLC mode,
when CSC is engaged, etc.
450
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Automatic Flight Control System
Vertical Navigation Modes (VPTH, ALTV)
Note: VNV is disabled when parallel track or Dead Reckoning Mode is active. Refer to the flight Management
Section for more information on VNV flight plans.
Note: The Selected Altitude takes precedence over any other vertical constraints.
Vertical Navigation (VNV) flight control is available for enroute/terminal cruise and descent operations when
VNV flight planning is available. Conditions for availability include, but are not limited to:
• The selected navigation source is GPS.
• A VNV flight plan (with at least one altitude-constrained waypoint) or direct-to (with vertical constraint) is
active.
• VNV is enabled (VNV ENBL Softkey pressed on the MFD).
• Crosstrack error is valid and within certain limits.
• Desired/actual track are valid or track angle error is within certain limits.
• The VNV Target Altitude of the active waypoint is no more than 250 ft above the current aircraft altitude.
• Parallel track is not active.
The flight director may be armed for VNV at any time, but no target altitudes are captured during a climb.
The Command Bars provide vertical profile guidance based on specified altitudes (entered manually or loaded
from the database) at waypoints in the active flight plan or direct-to (with vertical constraint). The appropriate
VNV flight control modes are sequenced by the flight director to follow the path defined by the vertical profile.
Upon reaching the last waypoint in the VNV flight plan, the flight director transitions to Altitude Hold Mode
and cancels any armed VNV modes.
Vertical Path Tracking Mode (VPTH)
Note: If another vertical mode key is pressed while Vertical Path Tracking Mode is selected, Vertical Path
Tracking Mode reverts to armed.
NOTE: Pressing the CWS Button while Vertical Path Tracking Mode is active does not cancel the mode. The
autopilot guides the aircraft back to the descent path upon release of the CWS Button.
When a vertical profile (VNV flight plan) is active and the VNV Key is pressed, Vertical Path Tracking
Mode is armed in preparation for descent path capture. ‘VPTH’ (or ‘/V’ when Glidepath or Glideslope Mode
is concurrently armed) is annunciated in white in addition to previously armed modes. If applicable, the
appropriate altitude capture mode is armed for capture of the next VNV Target Altitude (ALTV) or the Selected
Altitude (ALTS), whichever is greater.
Figure 7-13 Vertical Path Tracking Armed Annunciations
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
451
Automatic Flight Control System
Prior to descent path interception, the Selected Altitude must be set below the current aircraft altitude
by at least 75 feet. For the flight director to transition from Altitude Hold to Vertical Path Tracking Mode,
acknowledgment is required within five minutes of descent path interception by:
• Pressing the VNV Key
• Adjusting the Selected Altitude
If acknowledgment is not received within one minute of descent path interception, the white ‘VPTH’
annunciation starts to flash. Flashing continues until acknowledged or the descent path is intercepted. If
the descent is not confirmed by the time of interception, Vertical Path Tracking Mode remains armed and the
descent is not captured.
In conjunction with the “TOD [top of descent] within 1 minute” annunciation in the PFD Navigation Status
Box and the “Vertical track” voice message, VNV indications (VNV Target Altitude, vertical deviation, and
vertical speed required) appear on the PFDs in magenta (Figure 7-14).
Altitude Hold
Mode Active
Vertical Path Tracking
Armed (Flashing Indicates
Acknowledgment Required
VNV Target
Altitude
Selected
Altitude
Required
Vertical
Speed Bug
GPS is Selected
Navigation
Source
Terminal
Phase of
Flight
Vertical
Deviation
Indicator
Figure 7-14 Vertical Path Capture
452
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Automatic Flight Control System
When a descent leg is captured (Figure 7-15), Vertical Path Tracking becomes active (magenta ‘VPTH’
annunciation shown) and tracks the descent profile. An altitude capture mode (‘ALTS’ or ‘ALTV’) is armed
as appropriate.
Vertical Path
Tracking Active
VNV Target Altitude
Capture Armed
VNV Target
Altitude
GPS is Selected
Navigation
Source
Terminal
Phase of
Flight
Command Bars Indicate Descent to
Maintain Required Vertical Speed
Required
Vertical
Speed Bug
Vertical Deviation
Indicator (VDI)
Figure 7-15 Vertical Path Tracking Mode
If the altimeter barometric setting is adjusted while Vertical Path Tracking is active, the flight director
increases/decreases the descent rate by up to 500 fpm to re-establish the aircraft on the descent path (without
commanding a climb). Adjusting the altimeter barometric setting creates discontinuities in VNV vertical
deviation, moving the descent path. For large adjustments, it may take several minutes for the aircraft to reestablish on the descent path. If the change is made while nearing a waypoint with a VNV Target Altitude,
the aircraft may not re-establish on the descent path in time to meet the vertical constraint.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
453
Automatic Flight Control System
Automatic Reversion to Pitch Hold Mode
Several situations can occur while Vertical Path Tracking Mode is active which cause the flight director to
revert to Pitch Hold Mode:
• Vertical deviation exceeds 200 feet during an overspeed condition.
• Vertical deviation experiences a discontinuity (not due to an altimeter barometric setting adjustment) that
both exceeds 200 feet in magnitude and results in the vertical deviation exceeding 200 feet in magnitude.
Such discontinuities are usually caused by flight plan changes that affect the vertical profile.
• Vertical deviation becomes invalid (the Vertical Deviation Indicator is removed from the PFD).
• A display enters Reversionary Mode (this does not apply to an active direct-to with vertical constraint).
Unless VNV is disabled, Vertical Path Tracking Mode and the appropriate altitude capture mode become
armed following the reversion to Pitch Hold Mode to allow for possible profile recapture.
Non-Path Descents
Pitch Hold, Vertical Speed, and Flight Level Change modes can also be used to fly non-path descents
while VNV flight control is selected. If the VS or FLC Key is pressed while Vertical Path Tracking Mode is
selected, Vertical Path Tracking Mode reverts to armed along with the appropriate altitude capture mode to
allow profile re-capture.
Figure 7-16 Flight Level Change VNV Non-Path Descent
To prevent immediate profile re-capture, the following must be satisfied:
• At least 10 seconds have passed since the non-path transition was initiated
• Vertical deviation from the profile has exceeded 250 feet, but is now less than 200 feet
Pressing the VNV Key twice re-arms Vertical Path Tracking for immediate profile re-capture.
454
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Automatic Flight Control System
VNV Target Altitude Capture Mode (ALTV)
VNV Target Altitude Capture is analogous to Selected Altitude Capture Mode and is armed automatically
after the VNV Key is pressed and the next VNV Target Altitude is to be intercepted before the Selected Altitude.
The annunciation ‘ALTV’ indicates that the VNV Target Altitude is to be captured. VNV Target Altitudes are
shown in the active flight plan or direct-to (with vertical constraint), and can be entered manually or loaded
from a database (see the Flight Management Section for details). At the same time as “TOD within 1 minute”
is annunciated in the Navigation Status Box, the active VNV Target Altitude is displayed above the Vertical
Speed Indicator (see Figure 7-14).
As the aircraft nears the VNV Target Altitude, the flight director automatically transitions to VNV Target
Altitude Capture Mode with Altitude Hold Mode armed. This automatic transition is indicated by the magenta
‘ALTV’ annunciation flashing for up to 5 seconds and the appearance of the white ‘ALT’ annunciation. The
active VNV Target Altitude is shown in magenta above the Vertical Speed Indicator.
At 50 feet from the VNV Target Altitude, the flight director automatically transitions from VNV Target
Altitude Capture to Altitude Hold Mode and tracks the level leg. As Altitude Hold Mode becomes active, the
white ‘ALT’ annunciation moves to the active vertical mode field and flashes magenta for 5 seconds to indicate
the automatic transition. The flight director automatically arms Vertical Path Tracking, allowing upcoming
descent legs to be captured and subsequently tracked.
Flash Up to 5 sec, Indicating Automatic Transition
Figure 7-17 VNV Altitude Capture
Changing the VNV Target Altitude
NOTE: Pressing the CWS Button while in VNV Target Altitude Capture Mode does not cancel the mode.
Changing the current VNV Target Altitude while VNV Target Altitude Capture Mode is active causes the
flight director to revert to Pitch Hold Mode. Vertical Path Tracking and the appropriate altitude capture
mode are armed in preparation to capture the new VNV Target Altitude or the Selected Altitude, depending
on which altitude is to be intercepted first.
VNV target altitudes can be changed while editing the active flight plan (see the Flight Management
Section for details).
Current Speed Control (if available)
Current Speed Control (if available) can be engaged if the the autopilot is engaged and Altitude Hold Mode
(ALT) or VNV Target Altitude Capture (ALTV) Mode is active. When the CSC Key is pressed, the Full Authority
Digital Engine Control (FADEC) varies engine thrust to maintain the desired Airspeed Reference (green Airspeed
Reference Bug), within a certain control range.
NOTE: For CSC engagement and disengagement detailed conditions, see the approved Pilot’s Operating
Handbook (POH).
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
455
Automatic Flight Control System
Glidepath Mode (GP) (sbas Only)
NOTE: Pressing the CWS Button while Glidepath Mode is active does not cancel the mode. The autopilot
guides the aircraft back to the glidepath upon release of the CWS Button.
Glidepath Mode is used to track the SBAS-based glidepath. When Glidepath Mode is armed, ‘GP’ is
annunciated in white in the AFCS Status Box.
Selecting Glidepath Mode:
1) Ensure a GPS approach with vertical guidance (LPV, LNAV/VNAV, LNAV+V) is loaded into the active flight plan.
The active waypoint must be part of the flight plan (cannot be a direct-to a waypoint not in the flight plan).
2) Ensure that GPS is the selected navigation source (use the CDI Softkey to cycle through navigation sources if
necessary).
3) Press the APR Key.
NOTE: Some RNAV (GPS) approaches provide a vertical descent angle as an aid in flying a stabilized
approach. These approaches are NOT considered Approaches with Vertical Guidance (APV). Approaches
that are annunciated on the HSI as LNAV or LNAV+V are considered Nonprecision Approaches (NPA) and
are flown to an MDA even though vertical glidepath (GP) information may be provided.
WARNING: When flying an LNAV approach (with vertical descent angle) with the autopilot coupled, the
aircraft will not level off at the MDA even if the MDA is set in the altitude preselect.
Upon reaching the glidepath, the flight director transitions to Glidepath Mode and begins to capture and
track the glidepath.
Figure 7-18 Glidepath Mode Armed
Once the following conditions have been met, the glidepath can be captured (magenta ‘GP’ annunciation):
• The active waypoint is at or after the final approach fix (FAF)
• Vertical deviation is valid
• The CDI is at less than full scale deviation
• Automatic sequencing of waypoints has not been suspended (no ‘SUSP’ annunciation on the HSI)
456
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Automatic Flight Control System
GPS Approach
Mode Active
GPS is Selected
Navigation
Source
LPV Approach
Active
Glidepath
Mode Active
Command Bars Indicate
Descent on Glidepath
Figure 7-19 Glidepath Mode
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Glidepath
Indicator
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
457
Automatic Flight Control System
Glideslope Mode (GS)
NOTE: Pressing the CWS Button while Glideslope Mode is active does not cancel the mode. The autopilot
guides the aircraft back to the glideslope upon release of the CWS Button.
Glideslope Mode is available for LOC/ILS approaches to capture and track the glideslope. When Glideslope
Mode is armed, LOC Approach Mode is armed as the lateral flight director mode.
Selecting Glideslope Mode:
1) Ensure a valid localizer frequency is tuned.
2) Ensure that LOC is the selected navigation source (use the CDI Softkey to cycle through navigation sources if
necessary).
3) Press the APR Key.
Or:
1) Ensure that GPS is the selected navigation source (use the CDI Softkey to cycle through navigation sources if
necessary).
2) Ensure a LOC/ILS approach is loaded into the active flight plan.
3) Ensure the corresponding LOC frequency is tuned.
4) Press the APR Key.
Figure 7-20 Glideslope Mode Armed
Once LOC is the navigation source, the localizer and glideslope can be captured. Upon reaching the glideslope,
the flight director transitions to Glideslope Mode and begins to capture and track the glideslope.
Active ILS
Frequency Tuned
NAV2 (localizer) is Selected
Navigation Source
Approach
Mode Active
Glideslope
Mode Active
Command Bars Indicate Descent
on Localizer/Glideslope Path
Figure 7-21 Glideslope Mode
458
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
Glideslope
Indicator
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Automatic Flight Control System
Takeoff (TO) and Go Around (GA) Modes
In Go Around and Takeoff modes, the flight director commands a constant set pitch attitude. The TO/GA
Switch is used to select both modes. The mode entered by the flight director depends on whether the aircraft
is on the ground. Selected Altitude Capture Mode is automatically armed when the aircraft is at least 400 feet
below the Selected Altitude at the time Takeoff or Go Around Mode is selected. When Takeoff or Go Around
mode is activated, the lateral mode is annunciated as ‘ROL’.
Takeoff Mode provides an attitude reference during rotation and takeoff. This mode can be selected only
while on the ground by pushing the TO/GA Switch. The flight director Command Bars assume a wings-level,
pitch-up attitude. Autopilot engagement while Takeoff Mode is active is inhibited while the aircraft is on the
ground.
Pressing the TO/GA Switch while in the air activates the flight director in a wings-level, pitch-up attitude,
allowing the execution of a missed approach or a go around. Selecting Go Around Mode disengages the
autopilot; however, subsequent autopilot engagement is allowed. Attempts to modify the aircraft attitude (i.e.,
with the CWS Button) result in reversion to Pitch Hold Mode.
Autopilot Disconnect
Annunciation Flashes
Red 5 sec
Go Around
Mode Active
Command Bars Indicate Climb
Takeoff
Mode Active
Figure 7-22 Takeoff and Go Around Modes
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
459
Automatic Flight Control System
7.4 Lateral Modes
The following table relates each GFC 700 lateral mode to its respective control and annunciation. Refer to the
vertical modes section for information regarding Takeoff and Go Around mode.
NOTE: The GFC 700 may generate a lower bank angle than the maximum roll command limit in degrees
indicated in Table 7-4 by the amount needed to produce a turn rate equal to or less than standard rate.
Lateral Mode
Description
Control Annunciation
Holds the current aircraft roll
attitude or rolls the wings level,
(default)
depending on the commanded
bank angle
Limits the maximum commanded BANK
roll angle
Key
Captures and tracks the Selected
HDG Key
Heading
Roll Hold
Maximum Roll
Command Limit
ROL
30˚
*
15˚
HDG
30˚
Navigation, GPS **
GPS
Navigation, VOR Enroute Capture/Track ** Captures and tracks the selected
navigation source (GPS, VOR,
LOC)
Navigation, LOC Capture/Track
VOR
30˚
25˚ Capture
10˚ Track
25˚ Capture
10˚ Track
25˚ Capture
10˚ Track
30˚
25˚ Capture
10˚ Track
25˚ Capture
10˚ Track
Low Bank
Heading Select **
NAV Key
(No Glideslope)
Navigation, Backcourse Arm/Capture/Track
Captures and tracks a localizer
signal for backcourse approaches
LOC
BC
Approach, GPS
GPS
Approach, VOR Capture/Track
Approach, LOC Capture/Track
(Glideslope Mode automatically armed)
Captures and tracks the selected
navigation source (GPS, VOR,
LOC)
APR Key
VAPP
LOC
* No annunciation appears in the AFCS Status Box. The acceptable bank angle range is indicated in green along the Roll
Scale of the Attitude Indicator.
** The Heading, Navigation GPS and Navigation VOR mode maximum roll command limit will be limited to the Low Bank
mode value if it is engaged.
Table 7-4 Flight Director Lateral Modes
The CWS Button does not change lateral references for Heading Select, Navigation, Backcourse, or Approach
Mode. The autopilot guides the aircraft back to the Selected Heading/Course upon release of the CWS Button.
460
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Automatic Flight Control System
Roll Hold Mode (ROL)
Note: If Roll Hold Mode is activated as a result of a mode reversion, the flight director rolls wings level.
When the flight director is activated or switched, Roll Hold Mode is selected by default. This mode is
annunciated as ‘ROL’ in the AFCS Status Box. The current aircraft bank angle is held, subject to the bank angle
condition.
Figure 7-23 Roll Hold Mode Annunciation
Bank Angle
< 6°
6 to 30°
> 30°
Flight Director Response
Rolls wings level
Maintains current aircraft roll attitude
Limits bank to 30°
Table 7-5 Roll Hold Mode Responses
Changing the Roll Reference
The roll reference can be changed by pressing the CWS Button, establishing the desired bank angle, then
releasing the CWS Button.
Low Bank Mode
When in Low Bank Mode, the flight director limits the maximum commanded roll angle to 15°. Low bank
arc limits are displayed in green along the Roll Scale. Low Bank Mode can be manually selected/deselected by
pressing the BANK Key while in Heading Select or Navigation Modes (GPS and VOR).
Figure 7-24 Low Bank Mode Limits
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
461
Automatic Flight Control System
Heading Select Mode (HDG)
Heading Select Mode is activated by pressing the HDG Key. Heading Select Mode acquires and maintains the
Selected Heading. The Selected Heading is shown by a light blue bug on the HSI and in the box to the upper
left of the HSI.
Changing the Selected Heading
Note: Pressing the HDG SEL Knob synchronizes the Selected Heading to the current heading.
The Selected Heading is adjusted using the HDG SEL Knob. Pressing the CWS Button and hand-flying the
aircraft does not change the Selected Heading. The autopilot guides the aircraft back to the Selected Heading
upon release of the CWS Button.
Turns are commanded in the same direction as Selected Heading Bug movement, even if the bug is turned
more than 180° from the present heading (e.g., a 270° turn to the right). However, Selected Heading changes
of more than 330° at a time result in turn reversals.
Heading Select
Mode Active
Selected
Heading
Selected
Heading
Bug
Command Bars Track
Selected Heading
Figure 7-25 Heading Select Mode
462
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Automatic Flight Control System
Navigation Modes (GPS, VOR, LOC, BC)
NOTE: The selected navigation receiver must have a valid VOR or LOC signal or active GPS course for the
flight director to enter Navigation Mode.
Pressing the NAV Key selects Navigation Mode. Navigation Mode acquires and tracks the selected navigation
source (GPS, VOR, LOC). The flight director follows GPS roll steering commands when GPS is the selected
navigation source. When the navigation source is VOR or LOC, the flight director creates roll steering commands
from the Selected Course and deviation. Navigation Mode can also be used to fly non-precision GPS and LOC
approaches where vertical guidance is not required.
Backcourse Mode captures and tracks a localizer signal in the backcourse direction. The mode may be selected
by pressing the NAV Key. When making a backcourse approach, set the Selected Course to the localizer front
course. The flight director creates roll steering commands from the Selected Course and deviation.
If the Course Deviation Indicator (CDI) shows greater than one dot when the NAV Key is pressed, the selected
mode is armed. If the CDI is less than one dot, Navigation Mode is automatically captured when the NAV Key
is pressed. The armed annunciation appears in white to the left of the active lateral mode.
Figure 7-26 GPS Navigation Mode Armed
When the CDI has automatically switched from GPS to LOC during a LOC/ILS approach, GPS Navigation
Mode remains active, providing GPS steering guidance until the localizer signal is captured. LOC Navigation
Mode is armed automatically when the navigation source switch takes place if the APR Key is not pressed prior
to the automatic source switch.
If Navigation Mode is active and either of the following occur, the flight director reverts to Roll Hold Mode
(wings rolled level):
• Different VOR tuned while in VOR Navigation Mode (VOR Navigation Mode reverts to armed)
• Navigation source manually switched (with the CDI Softkey)
• During a LOC/ILS approach, the FAF crossed while in GPS Navigation Mode after the automatic navigation
source switch from GPS to LOC
Changing the Selected Course
If the navigation source is VOR or localizer or OBS Mode has been enabled when using GPS, the Selected
Course is controlled using the CRS Knob corresponding to the selected flight director (CRS1 for the pilot
side, CRS2 for the copilot side).
Pressing the CWS Button and hand-flying the aircraft does not change the Selected Course while in
Navigation Mode. The autopilot guides the aircraft back to the Selected Course (or GPS flight plan) when the
CWS Button is released.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
463
Automatic Flight Control System
GPS Navigation
Mode Active
GPS is Selected
Navigation Source
Command Bars Indicate Left
Turn to Track GPS Course
Figure 7-27 Navigation Mode
Backcourse
Mode Active
LOC2 is Selected
Navigation Source
464
Command Bars Hold Pitch Attitude
Figure 7-28 Backcourse Mode
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Automatic Flight Control System
Approach Modes (GPS, VAPP, LOC)
NOTE: The selected navigation receiver must have a valid VOR or LOC signal or active GPS course for the
flight director to enter Approach Mode.
Approach Mode is activated when the APR Key is pressed. Approach Mode acquires and tracks the selected
navigation source (GPS, VOR, or LOC), depending on loaded approach. This mode uses the selected navigation
receiver deviation and desired course inputs to fly the approach. Pressing the APR Key when the CDI is greater
than one dot arms the selected approach mode (annunciated in white to the left of the active lateral mode). If
the CDI is less than one dot, the LOC is automatically captured when the APR Key is pressed.
VOR Approach Mode (VAPP) provides greater sensitivity for signal tracking than VOR Navigation Mode.
Selecting VOR Approach Mode:
1) Ensure a valid VOR frequency is tuned.
2) Ensure that VOR is the selected navigation source (use the CDI Softkey to cycle through navigation sources if
necessary).
3) Press the APR Key.
When GPS Approach Mode is armed, Glidepath Mode is also armed.
Selecting GPS Approach Mode:
1) Ensure a GPS approach is loaded into the active flight plan. The active waypoint must be part of the flight plan
(cannot be a direct-to a waypoint not in the flight plan).
2) Ensure that GPS is the selected navigation source (use the CDI Softkey to cycle through navigation sources if
necessary).
3) Press the APR Key.
Figure 7-29 GPS Approach Mode Armed
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
465
Automatic Flight Control System
LOC Approach Mode allows the autopilot to fly a LOC/ILS approach with a glideslope. When LOC Approach
Mode is armed, Glideslope Mode is also armed automatically. LOC captures are inhibited if the difference
between aircraft heading and localizer course exceeds 105°.
Selecting LOC Approach Mode:
1) Ensure a valid localizer frequency is tuned.
2) Ensure that LOC is the selected navigation source (use the CDI Softkey to cycle through navigation sources if
necessary).
3) Press the APR Key.
Or:
1) Ensure that GPS is the selected navigation source (use the CDI Softkey to cycle through navigation sources if
necessary).
2) Ensure a LOC/ILS approach is loaded into the active flight plan.
3) Ensure the corresponding LOC frequency is tuned.
4) Press the APR Key.
If the following occurs, the flight director reverts to Roll Hold Mode (wings rolled level):
• Vectors-to-Final is activated
• Navigation source is manually switched
• During a LOC/ILS approach, GPS Navigation Mode is active and the FAF is crossed after the automatic
navigation source switch from GPS to LOC
Changing the Selected Course
If the navigation source is VOR or localizer or OBS Mode has been enabled when using GPS, the Selected
Course is controlled using the CRS Knob corresponding to the selected flight director (CRS1 for the pilot
side, CRS2 for the copilot side).
Pressing the CWS Button and hand-flying the aircraft does not change the Selected Course while in
Approach Mode. The autopilot guides the aircraft back to the Selected Course (or GPS flight plan) when the
CWS Button is released.
intercepting and flying a dme arc
The AFCS will intercept and track a DME arc that is part of the active flight plan provided that GPS
Navigation Mode is engaged, GPS is the active navigation source on the CDI, and the DME arc segment is
the active flight plan leg. It is important to note that automatic navigation of DME arcs is based on GPS.
Thus, even if the APR key is pressed and LOC or VOR Approach Mode is armed prior to reaching the Initial
Approach Fix (IAF), Approach Mode will not activate until the arc segment is completed.
If the pilot decides to intercept the arc at a location other than the published IAF (i.e. ATC provides vectors
to intercept the arc) and subsequently selects Heading Mode or Roll Mode, the AFCS will not automatically
intercept or track the arc unless the pilot activates the arc leg of the flight plan and arms GPS Navigation
Mode. The AFCS will not intercept and fly a DME arc before reaching an IAF that defines the beginning of the
arc segment. Likewise, if at any point while established on the DME arc the pilot deselects GPS Navigation
Mode, the AFCS will no longer track the arc.
466
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Automatic Flight Control System
7.5 Autopilot and Yaw Damper Operation
NOTE: Refer to the Airplane Flight Manual (AFM) for specific instructions regarding emergency procedures.
The autopilot and yaw damper operate the flight control surface servos to provide automatic flight control. The
autopilot controls the aircraft pitch and roll attitudes following commands received from the flight director. Pitch
autotrim provides trim commands to the pitch trim actuator to relieve any sustained effort required by the pitch
servo.
The yaw damper reduces Dutch roll tendencies and coordinates turns. It can operate independently of the
autopilot and may be used during normal hand-flight maneuvers. Yaw rate commands are limited by the yaw
damper.
Flight Control
Pitch and roll commands are provided to the servos based on the active flight director modes. Yaw damping
is provided by the yaw servo. Servo motor control limits the maximum servo speed and torque. The servo
gearboxes are equipped with slip-clutches that allow the servos to be overridden in case of an emergency (i.e.,
a failure event when the servo motor and slip clutch remain abnormally engaged).
Pitch Axis and Trim
The autopilot pitch axis uses pitch rate to stabilize the aircraft pitch attitude during upsets and flight
director maneuvers. Flight director pitch commands are rate- and attitude-limited, combined with pitch
damper control, and sent to the pitch servo motor.
When the autopilot is engaged, the automatic pitch trim (APT) function commands the pitch trim actuator
to reduce the average pitch servo effort.
Manual electric pitch trim (MEPT) functionality is available at any time via the pilot and copilot MEPT
Switches. Manual trim commands are generated only when both halves of the MEPT Switch are operated
simultaneously. Operating the MEPT Switches when the autopilot is engaged will cause the autopilot to
disconnect. Trim speeds are scheduled with airspeed to provide more consistent response.
Roll Axis
The autopilot roll axis uses roll rate to stabilize aircraft roll attitude during upsets and flight director
maneuvers. The flight director roll commands are rate- and attitude-limited, combined with roll damper
control, and sent to the roll servo motor.
Yaw Axis
The yaw damper uses yaw rate and roll attitude to dampen the aircraft’s natural Dutch roll response.
It also uses lateral acceleration to coordinate turns. Yaw damper operation is independent of autopilot
engagement.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
467
Automatic Flight Control System
Engaging the Autopilot and Yaw Damper
NOTE: Autopilot engagement/disengagement is not equivalent to servo engagement/disengagement. Use
the CWS Button to disengage the pitch and roll servos while the autopilot remains active.
When the AP Key is pressed, the autopilot, yaw damper, and flight director (if not already active) are activated.
The flight director engages in Pitch and Roll Hold Modes when initially activated. When the YD Key is pressed,
the system engages the yaw damper independently of the autopilot. Autopilot and yaw damper status are
displayed in the center of the AFCS Status Box. Engagement is indicated by green ‘AP’ and ‘YD’ annunciations,
respectively.
Autopilot
Engaged
Yaw Damper
Engaged
Figure 7-30 Autopilot and Yaw Damper Engaged
Control Wheel Steering
During autopilot operation, the aircraft may be hand-flown without disengaging the autopilot. Pressing and
holding the CWS Button disengages the pitch and roll servos from the flight control surfaces and allows the
aircraft to be hand-flown. At the same time, the flight director is synchronized to the aircraft attitude during the
maneuver. Pitch trim operation is interrupted during CWS activity; yaw damper engagement is unaffected.
The ‘AP’ annunciation is temporarily replaced by ‘CWS’ in white for the duration of CWS maneuvers.
Control Wheel Steering
Figure 7-31 CWS Annunciation
In most scenarios, releasing the CWS Button re-engages the autopilot with a new reference. Refer to flight
director mode descriptions for specific CWS behavior in each mode.
468
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Automatic Flight Control System
Disengaging the Autopilot and Yaw Damper
Note: Pressing the AP Key does not disengage the yaw damper.
Manual autopilot disengagement is indicated by a five-second flashing red ‘AP’ annunciation and an autopilot
disconnect aural alert, “Autopilot”. The autopilot is manually disengaged by pushing the AP Key on the AFCS
Control Unit, the TO/GA Switch, or the AP DISC Switch (also disengages the yaw damper, if engaged). Pressing
the YD Key disengages the yaw damper independently of the autopilot. The ‘YD’ annunciation is removed upon
disengagement.
After manual disengagement, the autopilot disconnect aural alert and flashing ‘AP’ annunciation may be
cancelled by pushing the AP DISC Switch.
Figure 7-32 Manual Autopilot Disengagement
Automatic autopilot disengagement is indicated by a flashing red and white ‘AP’ annunciation and the autopilot
disconnect aural alert, which continue until acknowledged by pushing the AP DISC Switch. Automatic
autopilot disengagement occurs due to:
• System failure
• Invalid sensor data
• Inability to compute default flight director modes
(FD also disengages automatically)
• Stall warning (YD also disengages)
• Backup pitch trim channel selection
• Pushing the MEPT switches
Automatic yaw damper disengagement is indicated by a five-second flashing yellow ‘YD’ annunciation. The
yaw damper automatically disengages when autopilot disengagement is caused by failure in a parameter also
affecting the yaw damper. This means the yaw damper can remain operational in some cases where the autopilot
automatically disengages. A localized failure in the yaw damper system or invalid sensor data also cause yaw
damper disengagement.
Figure 7-33 Automatic Autopilot and
Yaw Damper Disengagement
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
469
Automatic Flight Control System
7.6Example Flight Plan
Note: The following example flight plan and diagrams (not to be used for navigation) in this section are
for instructional purposes only and should be considered not current. Numbered portions of accompanying
diagrams correspond to numbered procedure steps.
This scenario-based set of procedures (based on the example flight plan found in the Flight Management
Section) shows various GFC 700 AFCS modes used during a flight. In this scenario, the aircraft departs Charles
B. Wheeler Downtown Airport (KMKC), enroute to Colorado Springs Airport (KCOS). After departure, the
aircraft climbs to 12,000 ft and airway V4 is intercepted, following ATC vectors.
Airway V4 is flown to Salina VOR (SLN) using VOR navigation, then airway V244 is flown using a GPS flight
plan. The ILS approach for runway 35L and LPV (WAAS) approach for runway 35R are shown and a missed
approach is executed.
0
33
3
27
30
27
30
24
24
21
27
24
27
15
12
21
18
15
18
9
24
21
12
6
Lamar
VOR
(LAA)
Topeka
VOR
(TOP)
12
Hays
VOR
(HYS)
9
V 244
Salina
VOR
(SLN)
9
3
V4
18
V 244
9
6
0
33
15
6
KCOS
KMKC
30
6
3
3
30
33
0
33
0
12
21
15
18
Figure 7-34 Flight Plan Overview
470
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Automatic Flight Control System
Departure
Climbing to the Selected Altitude and flying an assigned heading:
1) Before takeoff:
a) Use the ALT SEL Knob to set the Selected Altitude to 12,000 feet.
b) Push the TO/GA Switch to activate Takeoff Mode. The flight director Command Bars establish a pitch up
attitude to follow.
c) Press the AP Key to engage the autopilot in a climb, holding the pitch angle commanded in Takeoff Mode and
wings level.
2) In this example, Vertical Speed Mode is used to capture the Selected Altitude (Pitch Hold, Vertical Speed, or
Flight Level Change Mode may be used).
a) Press the VS Key to activate Vertical Speed and Roll Hold modes and arm Selected Altitude Capture Mode.
The Vertical Speed Reference may be adjusted after Vertical Speed Mode is selected using the UP/DN Wheel or
pushing the CWS Button while hand-flying the aircraft to establish a new Vertical Speed Reference.
3) Use the HDG SEL Knob to set the Selected Heading, complying with ATC vectors to intercept Airway V4.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Press the HDG Key to activate Heading Select Mode while the autopilot is engaged in the climb. The autopilot
follows the Selected Heading Bug on the HSI and turns the aircraft to the desired heading.
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
471
Automatic Flight Control System
4) As the aircraft nears the Selected Altitude, the flight director transitions to Selected Altitude Capture Mode,
indicated by the green ‘ALTS’ annunciation flashing for up to 5 seconds.
At 50 feet from the Selected Altitude, the green ‘ALT’ annunciation flashes for up to 5 seconds; the autopilot
transitions to Altitude Hold Mode and levels the aircraft.
HD
GM
od
e
TO M
o
de
3
Selected Altitude of 12,000 MSL
ALT Mode
4
KMKC
1
2
VS
e
Mod
ode
M
TO
Figure 7-35 Departure
472
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Automatic Flight Control System
Intercepting a VOR Radial
During climb-out, the autopilot continues to fly the aircraft in Heading Select Mode. Airway V4 to Salina
VOR (SLN) should now be intercepted. Since the enroute flight plan waypoints correspond to VORs, flight
director Navigation Mode using either VOR or GPS as the navigation source may be used. In this scenario, VOR
Navigation Mode is used for navigation to the first VOR waypoint in the flight plan.
Intercepting a VOR radial:
1) Arm VOR Navigation Mode:
a) Tune the VOR frequency.
b) Press the CDI Softkey to set the navigation source to VOR.
c) Use the CRS1 or CRS2 Knob to set the Selected Course to the desired value, 255°. Note that at this point, the
flight director is still in Heading Select Mode and the autopilot continues to fly the Selected Heading, 290°.
d) Press the NAV Key. This arms VOR Navigation Mode and the white ‘VOR’ annunciation appears to the left of
the active lateral mode.
2) As the aircraft nears the Selected Course, the flight director transitions from Heading Select to VOR Navigation
Mode and the ‘VOR’ annunciation flashes green. The autopilot begins turning to intercept the Selected
Course.
3) The autopilot continues the turn until the aircraft is established on the Selected Course.
0
33
3
30
Hd
29 g
0o
V4
6
27
3
9
o
255
Salina
VOR
(SLN)
24
VO
R
NA
V
Mo
de
2
HD
G
12
M
od
e,
VO
R
Ar
m
ed
15
1
21
18
Figure 7-36 Intercepting a VOR Radial
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
473
Automatic Flight Control System
Flying a Flight Plan/GPS Course
Note: Changing the navigation source cancels the Navigation Mode and causes the flight director to revert
back to Roll Hold Mode (wings rolled level).
As the aircraft closes on Salina VOR, GPS is used to navigate the next leg, airway V244. The aircraft is
currently tracking inbound on Airway V4.
Flying a GPS flight plan:
1) Transition from VOR to GPS Navigation Mode:
a) Press the CDI Softkey until GPS is the selected navigation source.
b) Press the NAV Key to activate GPS Navigation Mode. The autopilot steers the aircraft toward the active flight
plan leg.
2) Following the flight plan, the autopilot continues to steer the aircraft under GPS guidance. Note that in GPS
Navigation Mode, course changes defined by the flight plan are automatically made without pilot action
required.
0
33
33
3
30
0
V4
6
3
o
075
30
e
V Mod
PS NA
6
27
G
2
12
21
18
12
15
24
9
Hays
VOR
(HYS)
Salina
VOR
(SLN)
V 244
1
24
27
076
Mode
9
o
260
o
AV
VOR N
15
21
18
Figure 7-37 Transition to GPS Flight Plan
474
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Automatic Flight Control System
Descent
While flying the arrival procedure, the aircraft is cleared for descent in preparation for the approach to KCOS.
Three methods are presented for descent:
• Flight Level Change descent – Flight Level Change Mode can be used to descend to the Selected Altitude at a
constant airspeed. This descent method does not account for flight plan waypoint altitude constraints.
• Vertical Path Tracking descent – Vertical Path Tracking Mode is used to follow the vertical descent path
defined in the GPS flight plan. Altitude constraints correspond to waypoints in the flight plan. Before VNV
flight control can provide vertical profile guidance, a VNV flight plan must be entered and enabled.
• Non-path descent in a VNV scenario – A VNV flight plan is entered and enabled however, Pitch Hold, Vertical
Speed, or Flight Level Change Mode can be used to descend to the VNV Target Altitude prior to reaching the
planned TOD. Flight Level Change Mode is used in the example.
Flight Level Change descent:
1) Select Flight Level Change Mode:
a) Using the ALT SEL Knob, set the Selected Altitude to 10,000 feet.
b) Press the FLC Key to activate Flight Level Change Mode. The annunciation ‘FLC’ appears in the AFCS Status Box
and the Airspeed Reference (above the Airspeed Indicator) defaults to the current aircraft airspeed. Selected
Altitude Capture Mode is armed automatically.
c) If desired press the SPD SEL Knob to change the Airspeed Reference units to Mach.
2) Use the SPD SEL Knob or push the CWS Button while hand-flying the aircraft to adjust the commanded
airspeed while maintaining the same power, or reduce power to allow descent in Flight Level Change Mode
while the autopilot maintains the current airspeed.
3) As the aircraft nears the Selected Altitude, the flight director transitions to Selected Altitude Capture Mode,
indicated by the green ‘ALTS’ annunciation flashing for up to 5 seconds.
The green ‘ALT’ annunciation flashes for up to 5 seconds upon reaching 50 feet from the Selected Altitude; the
autopilot transitions to Altitude Hold Mode and levels the aircraft.
1
Cruise Altitude of 12,000 MSL
ALT Mode
2
FLC
Mod
e
3
Selected Altitude of 10,000 MSL
ALT Mode
Figure 7-38 FLC Descent
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
475
Automatic Flight Control System
Vertical Path Tracking descent to VNV Target Altitude:
1) Select VNV flight control:
a) Press the VNV Key to arm Vertical Path Tracking Mode. The white annunciation ‘VPTH’ appears.
b) Using the ALT SEL Knob, set the Selected Altitude below the flight plan’s VNV Target Altitude of 10,000 feet.
If the Selected Altitude is not at least 75 ft below the VNV Target Altitude, the flight director commands descent
to the Selected Altitude rather than the VNV Target Altitude once Vertical Path Tracking Mode becomes active
(ALTS is armed rather than ALTV).
c) If Vertical Path Tracking Mode is armed more than 5 minutes prior to descent path capture, acknowledgment is
required for the flight director to transition from Altitude Hold to Vertical Path Tracking Mode. To proceed with
descent path capture if the white ‘VPTH’ annunciation begins flashing, do one of the following
•
Press the VNV Key
•
Turn the ALT SEL Knob to adjust the Selected Altitude
If the descent is not confirmed by the time of interception, Vertical Path Tracking Mode remains armed and the
descent is not captured.
2) When the top of descent (TOD) is reached, the flight director transitions to Vertical Path Tracking Mode and
begins the descent to the VNV Target Altitude. Intention to capture the VNV Target Altitude is indicated by the
white ‘ALTV’ annunciation.
3) As the aircraft nears the VNV Target Altitude, the flight director transitions to VNV Target Altitude Capture Mode,
indicated by the magenta ‘ALTV’ annunciation flashing for up to 5 seconds.
The magenta ‘ALT’ annunciation flashes for up to 5 seconds upon reaching 50 feet from the VNV Target Altitude;
the autopilot transitions to Altitude Hold Mode and levels the aircraft at the vertical waypoint.
1
ALT Mode
TOD
Cruise Altitude of 12,000 MSL
2
VPT
HM
ode
3
BOD
VNAV Target Altitude of 10,000 MSL
ALT Mode
Selected Altitude (set below VNAV Target Altitude)
Along-track Offset, 3 nm before OPSHN
3 nm
Figure 7-39 VPTH Descent
476
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Automatic Flight Control System
Non-path descent using Flight Level Change Mode:
1) Using Flight Level Change Mode, command a non-path descent to an intermediate altitude above the next VNV
flight plan altitude:
a) Using the ALT SEL Knob, set the Selected Altitude below the current aircraft altitude to an altitude (in this case,
9,400 feet) at which to level off between VNV flight plan altitudes.
b) Press the FLC Key before the planned TOD during an altitude hold while VPTH is armed. The Airspeed Reference
defaults to the current aircraft airspeed. Vertical Path Tracking and Selected Altitude Capture Mode are armed
automatically.
2) Reduce power to allow descent in Flight Level Change Mode. The autopilot maintains the Airspeed Reference.
3) As the aircraft nears the Selected Altitude, the flight director transitions to Selected Altitude Capture Mode,
indicated by the green ‘ALTS’ annunciation flashing for up to 5 seconds.
The green ‘ALT’ annunciation flashes for up to 5 seconds upon reaching 50 feet from the Selected Altitude; the
autopilot transitions to Altitude Hold Mode and levels the aircraft. After leveling off reset Selected Altitude at
or below 9,000 ft.
4) When the next TOD is reached, Vertical Path Tracking becomes active (may require acknowledgment to allow
descent path capture).
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
477
Automatic Flight Control System
5) As the aircraft nears the VNV Target Altitude, the flight director transitions to VNV Target Altitude Capture Mode,
indicated by the magenta ‘ALTV’ annunciation flashing for up to 5 seconds.
The magenta ‘ALT’ annunciation flashes for up to 5 seconds upon reaching 50 feet from the VNV Target Altitude;
the autopilot transitions to Altitude Hold Mode and levels the aircraft at the vertical waypoint.
VP
TH
M
od
e
Planned
TOD
2
BOD
ALT Mode
1
FL
C
Pla
nn
M
od
e
Selected Altitude of 9,400 MSL
VNAV Target Altitude of 10,000 MSL
3
ed
De
sce
nt
Pa
th
ALT Mode
TOD
4
VP
TH
VNAV Target Altitude of 9,000 MSL
Mo
de
5
BOD
ALT Mode
Selected Altitude
3 nm
OPSHN
HABUK
Figure 7-40 Non-path Descent
478
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Automatic Flight Control System
Approach
Note: If an approach contains a DME arc, the arc must be flown in Navigation Mode with the GFC 700.
When receiving vectors from ATC, Navigation Mode must be selected prior to intercepting the ARC.
Flying an ILS approach:
1) Transition from GPS Navigation Mode to Heading Select Mode.
a) Select the Runway 35L ILS approach for KCOS and select ‘VECTORS’ for the transition. Load and activate the
approach into the flight plan.
b) Use the HDG SEL Knob to set the Selected Heading after getting vectors from ATC.
c) Press the HDG Key. The autopilot turns the aircraft to the desired heading.
d) Use Heading Select Mode to comply with ATC vectors as requested.
2) Arm LOC Approach and Glideslope modes.
a) Ensure the appropriate localizer frequency is tuned.
b) Press the APR Key when cleared for approach to arm Approach and Glideslope modes. ‘LOC’ and ‘GS’ appear
in white as armed mode annunciations.
c) The navigation source automatically switches to LOC. After this switch occurs, the localizer signal can be captured
and the flight director determines when to begin the turn to intercept the final approach course. The flight
director now provides guidance to the missed approach point.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
479
Automatic Flight Control System
3) There are two options available at this point, as the autopilot flies the ILS approach:
• Push the AP DISC Switch at the decision height and land the aircraft.
• Use the TO/GA Switch to execute a missed approach.
KCOS
LOC APR/
GS Mode
3
PETEY
2
G
HD
e
od
M
PYNON
1
GPS NAV Mode
Figure 7-41 ILS Approach to KCOS
480
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Automatic Flight Control System
Flying a RNAV GPS approach with vertical guidance:
1) Arm flight director modes for a RNAV GPS approach with vertical guidance:
a) Make sure the navigation source is set to GPS (use CDI Softkey to change navigation source).
b) Select the Runway 35R LPV approach for KCOS. Load and activate approach into the flight plan.
2) Press the APR Key once clearance for approach has been received. GPS Approach Mode is activated and
Glidepath Mode is armed.
3) Once the glidepath is captured, Glidepath Mode becomes active. The flight director now provides guidance to
the missed approach point.
4) There are two options available at this point, as the autopilot flies the approach:
• Push the AP DISC Switch at the decision height and land the aircraft.
• Use the TO/GA Switch to execute a missed approach.
KCOS
4
3
GPS APR/
GP Mode
CEGIX
2
FALUR
HABUK
PYNON
1
GPS NAV Mode
Figure 7-42 LPV Approach to KCOS
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
481
Automatic Flight Control System
Go Around/Missed Approach
Note: As a result of calculations performed by the system while flying the holding pattern, the display may
re-size automatically and the aircraft may not precisely track the holding pattern as depicted on the PFD and
MFD.
Flying a missed approach:
1) Push the TO/GA Switch at the decision height and apply go around power to execute a missed approach. The
flight director Command Bars establish a nose-up climb to follow. If flying an ILS or LOC approach, the CDI also
switches to GPS as the navigation source.
Note that when the TO/GA Switch is pushed, the missed approach is activated and the autopilot disconnects,
indicated by the ‘AP’ annunciation flashing red for 5 seconds.
Flashes 5 sec
2) Start the climb to the prescribed altitude in the published Missed Approach Procedure (in this case, 10,000 ft).
a) Press the AP Key to re-engage the autopilot.
b) Press the NAV Key to have the autopilot fly to the hold.
3) Use the ALT SEL Knob to set a Selected Altitude to hold.
To hold the current airspeed during the climb, press the FLC Key.
As the aircraft nears the Selected Altitude, the flight director transitions to Selected Altitude Capture Mode,
indicated by the green ‘ALTS’ annunciation flashing for up to 5 seconds.
482
The green ‘ALT’ annunciation flashes for up to 5 seconds upon reaching 50 feet from the Selected Altitude; the
autopilot transitions to Altitude Hold Mode and levels the aircraft.
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Automatic Flight Control System
4) The autopilot flies the holding pattern after the missed approach is activated. Annunciations are displayed in
the Navigation Status Box, above the AFCS Status Box.
4
MOGAL
GPS NAV Mode
3
2
GA Mode
KCOS
1
Figure 7-43 Go Around/Missed Approach
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
483
Automatic Flight Control System
7.7AFCS Annunciations and Alerts
AFCS CAS Messages
Crew Alerting System (CAS) messages related to the AFCS are listed in Table 7-6. CAS messages appear on
the PFDs in the window to the right of the Altimeter (see Figure 7-44). Refer to the EAS Section for details.
CAS Message
AP FAIL
Description
Loss of AP function
AUTO PTRIM FAIL
Auto pitch trim failure; other pitch trim functions still available
AP PITCH MISTRIM
Airplane mistrimmed in pitch axis when AP is engaged
AP ROLL MISTRIM
Airplane mistrimmed in roll axis when AP is engaged
YD FAIL
YD MISTRIM
Loss of yaw damper function
Airplane mistrimmed in yaw axis when YD is engaged
PTRIM NML FAIL
Loss of normally-operating pitch trim actuator
PTRIM BKP FAIL
Loss of backup pitch trim actuator
PTRIM DISCONNECT Pitch trim disconnected
PTRIM SW1 FAIL
Failure of pilot pitch trim switch
PTRIM SW2 FAIL
Failure of copilot pitch trim switch
Table 7-6 AFCS CAS Messages
CAS
Window
CAS Scrolling Softkey
(Softkey Becomes
Disabled When Less
Than 14 Messages
are Displayed)
Figure 7-44 CAS Display
484
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Automatic Flight Control System
AFCS Voice Alerts
The voice alerts listed in Table 7-7 relate to the AFCS; for a complete list of voice alerts, see Appendix A.
Voice Alert
“Autopilot”
Description
Warning – Autopilot is disengaged
Single alert for manual AP disengagement
Continuous alert for automatic AP disengagement; cancelled with AP DISC Switch
“Flight Director” Single warning – Flight director has reverted to a default mode
“Trim, Trim, Trim” Continuous advisory (stops after 6 seconds) – MEPT Switch malfunction
“Thrust Thrust” CSC disengages abnormally
Table 7-7 AFCS Voice Alerts
Overspeed Protection
While Pitch Hold, Vertical Speed, Flight Level Change, Vertical Path Tracking, or an altitude capture mode is
active, airspeed is monitored by the flight director and pitch commands are limited for overspeed protection.
Overspeed protection is provided in situations where the flight director cannot acquire and maintain the mode
reference for the selected vertical mode without exceeding the certified maximum autopilot airspeed.
When an autopilot overspeed condition occurs, a flashing yellow ‘MAXSPD’ annunciation appears above the
Airspeed Indicator and the voice alert “High Speed” is generated. Engine power should be reduced and/or the
pitch reference adjusted to slow the aircraft. The annunciation disappears when the overspeed condition is
resolved.
Airspeed
Indicator
Figure 7-45 Overspeed Annunciation
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
485
Automatic Flight Control System
Blank Page
486
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Additional Features
Section 8 Additional Features
NOTE: With the availability of SafeTaxi®, ChartView, or FliteCharts®, it may be necessary to carry another
source of charts on-board the aircraft.
Additional features of the system include the following:
• Synthetic Vision System (SVS)
• SafeTaxi® diagrams
• ChartView and FliteCharts® electronic charts
• AOPA’s Airport Directory
• Data Link Services
• Iridium satellite telephone
• XM Radio entertainment
• Scheduler
The optional Synthetic Vision System (SVS) provides a three-dimensional forward view of terrain features on
the PFD. SVS imagery shows the pilot’s view of relevant features in relation to the aircraft attitude, as well as the
flight path pertaining to the active flight plan.
SafeTaxi diagrams provide detailed taxiway, runway, and ramp information at more than 700 airports in the
United States. By decreasing range on an airport that has a SafeTaxi diagram available, a close up view of the
airport layout can be seen.
The FliteCharts and optional ChartView provide on-board electronic terminal procedures charts. Electronic
charts offer the convenience of rapid access to essential information. Either ChartView or FliteCharts may be
configured in the system, but not both.
AOPA’s Airport Directory offers detailed information for a selected airport, such as available services, hours of
operation, and lodging options.
Telephone and Data Link Services are optional subscription services offered through Garmin Flight Data Services
and Iridium Satellite LLC. Voice and SMS messaging communications are through the Iridium Satellite Network.
Data communications are through Iridium Data Services, or a wireless network (Wi-Fi) when the aircraft is on
the ground. Incorporated in this feature set is a System Data Logging function which records aircraft system
parameters specified by the aircraft manufacturer. This data is then uploaded to Garmin Flight Data Services
through one of the data communications options.
The optional XM Radio entertainment audio feature of the GDL 69A Data Link Receiver handles more than 170
channels of music, news, and sports. XM Radio offers more entertainment choices and longer range coverage
than commercial broadcast stations.
The Scheduler feature can be used to enter and display short term or long term reminder messages such as
Switch fuel tanks, Change oil, or Altimeter-Transponder Check in the Messages Window on the PFD.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
487
Additional Features
8.1Synthetic Vision System (SVS)
WARNING: Use appropriate primary systems for navigation, and for terrain, obstacle, and traffic avoidance.
SVS is intended as an aid to situational awareness only and may not provide either the accuracy or reliability
upon which to solely base decisions and/or plan maneuvers to avoid terrain, obstacles, or traffic.
The optional Synthetic Vision System (SVS) is a visual enhancement to the Prodigy® Flight Deck 100. SVS
depicts a forward-looking attitude display of the topography immediately in front of the aircraft. The field of
view is 30 degrees to the left and 35 degrees to the right. SVS information is shown on the Primary Flight Display
(PFD), or on the Multifunction Display (MFD) in Reversionary Mode (Figure 8‑132). The depicted imagery is
derived from the aircraft attitude, heading, GPS three-dimensional position, and a nine arc-second database of
terrain, obstacles, and other relevant features. The terrain data resolution of nine arc-seconds, meaning that
the terrain elevation contours are stored in squares measuring nine arc-seconds on each side, is required for the
operation of SVS. Loss of any of the required data, including temporary loss of the GPS signal, will cause SVS to
be disabled until the required data is restored.
The SVS terrain display shows land contours (colors are consistent with those of the topographical map display),
large water features, towers, and other obstacles over 200’ AGL that are included in the obstacle database. Cultural
features on the ground such as roads, highways, railroad tracks, cities, and state boundaries are not displayed
even if those features are found on the MFD map. The terrain display also includes a north–south east–west grid
with lines oriented with true north and spaced at one arc-minute intervals to assist in orientation relative to the
terrain.
The Terrain Awareness and Warning System (TAWS) is integrated within SVS to provide visual and auditory
alerts to indicate the presence of terrain and obstacle threats relevant to the projected flight path. Terrain alerts
are displayed in red and yellow shading on the PFD.
The terrain display is intended for situational awareness only. It may not provide the accuracy or fidelity on
which to base decisions and plan maneuvers to avoid terrain or obstacles. Navigation must not be predicated
solely upon the use of the TAWS terrain or obstacle data displayed by the SVS.
The following SVS enhancements appear on the PFD:
488
• Pathways
• Airport Signs
• Flight Path Marker
• Runway Display
• Horizon Heading Marks
• Terrain Alerting
• Traffic Display
• Obstacle Alerting
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Additional Features
Figure 8-1 Synthetic Vision Imagery
SVS Operation
SVS is activated from the PFD using the softkeys located along the bottom edge of the display. Pressing the
softkeys turns the related function on or off. When SVS is enabled, the pitch scale increments are reduced to
10 degrees up and 7.5 degrees down.
SVS functions are displayed on three levels of softkeys. The PFD Softkey leads into the PFD function Softkeys,
including synthetic vision. Pressing the SYN VIS Softkey displays the SVS feature softkeys. The softkeys are
labeled PATHWAY, SYN TERR, HRZN HDG, and APTSIGNS. The BACK Softkey returns to the previous
level of softkeys. Synthetic Terrain must be active before any other SVS feature may be activated.
HRZN HDG, APTSIGNS, and PATHWAY Softkeys are only available when the SYN TERR Softkey is
activated (gray with black characters). After activating the SYN TERR Softkey, the HRZN HDG, APTSIGNS,
and PATHWAY softkeys may be activated in any combination to display desired features. When system power
is cycled, the last selected state (on or off) of the SYN TERR, HRZN HDG, APTSIGNS, and PATHWAY
softkeys is remembered by the system.
• PATHWAY Softkey enables display of rectangular boxes that represent course guidance.
• SYN TERR Softkey enables synthetic terrain depiction.
• HRZN HDG Softkey enables horizon heading marks and digits.
• APTSIGNS Softkey enables airport signposts.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
489
Additional Features
PFD
SYN VIS
BACK
Pressing the BACK Softkey
returns to the top-level softkeys.
BACK
PATHWAY SYN TERR HRZN HDG APTSIGNS
Pressing the BACK Softkey returns to the previous level of softkeys.
Figure 8-2 SVS Softkeys
Activating and deactivating SVS:
1) Press the PFD Softkey.
2) Press the SYN VIS Softkey.
3) Press the SYN TERR Softkey. The SVS display will cycle on or off with the SYN TERR Softkey.
Activating and deactivating Pathways:
1) Press the PFD Softkey.
2) Press the SYN VIS Softkey.
3) Press the PATHWAY Softkey. The Pathway feature will cycle on or off with the PATHWAY Softkey.
Activating and deactivating Horizon Headings:
1) Press the PFD Softkey.
2) Press the SYN VIS Softkey.
3) Press the HRZN HDG Softkey. The horizon heading display will cycle on or off with the HRZN HDG Softkey.
Activating and deactivating Airport Signs:
1) Press the PFD Softkey.
2) Press the SYN VIS Softkey.
3) Press the APTSIGNS Softkey. Display of airport signs will cycle on or off with the APTSIGNS Softkey.
490
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Additional Features
SVS Features
Selected
Altitude
Airport
Runway
Pathways
Color
Matches CDI
Indicating
NAV Source
Flight
Path
Marker
Airplane
Symbol
Zero
Pitch Line
(ZPL) with
Compass
Heading
Marks
Synthetic
Terrain
SVS
Softkeys
Figure 8-3 SVS on the Primary Flight Display
NOTE: Pathways and terrain features are not a substitute for standard course and altitude deviation
information provided by the CDI, VSI, and VDI.
NOTE: Pathways are not available when the cross-pointer (X-Pointer) flight director format is selected.
Pathways
Pathways provide a three-dimensional perspective view of the selected route of flight shown as colored rectangular
boxes representing the horizontal and vertical flight path of the active flight plan. The box size represents 700 feet
wide by 200 feet tall during enroute, oceanic, and terminal flight phases. During an approach, the box width is
700 feet or one half full scale deviation on the HSI, whichever is less. The height is 200 feet or one half full scale
deviation on the VDI, whichever is less. The altitude at which the pathway boxes are displayed is determined by
the selected altitude during climb, cruise, and when the active leg is the final approach course prior to intercepting
the glidepath/glideslope. During a descent (except while on the approach glidepath/glideslope), the pathway boxes
are displayed at the selected altitude, or the VNAV altitude programmed for the active leg in the flight plan, or the
published altitude constraint, whichever is higher (Figure 8-4). Just prior to intercepting the glidepath/glideslope,
the pathway boxes are displayed on the glidepath/glideslope, or the selected altitude, whichever is lower.
The color of the rectangular boxes may be magenta, green, or white depending on the route of flight and navigation
source selected. The active GPS or GPS overlay flight plan leg is represented by magenta boxes that correspond to
the Magenta CDI. A localizer course is represented by green boxes that correspond to a green CDI. An inactive
leg of an active flight plan is represented by white boxes corresponding to a white line drawn on the Inset map or
MFD map indicating an inactive leg.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
491
Additional Features
Selected
Altitude
Programmed
Altitudes
Figure 8-4 Programmed and Selected Altitude
Pathways provide supplemental glidepath/glideslope information on an active ILS, LPV, LNAV/VNAV, and
some LNAV approaches. Pathways are intended as an aid to situational awareness and should not be used
independent of the CDI, VDI, glide path indicator, and glide slope indicator. They are removed from the
display when the selected navigation information is not available. Pathways are not displayed beyond the
active leg when leg sequencing is suspended and are not displayed on any portion of the flight plan leg that
would lead to intercepting a leg in the wrong direction. Pathways are also automatically removed from the
display in the event a Resolution Advisory (RA) is issued by the optional TCAS II system. Pathways may then
be re-displayed by pressing the PATHWAY Softkey.
Departure and Enroute
Prior to intercepting an active flight plan leg, pathways are displayed as a series of boxes with pointers at
each corner that point in the direction of the active waypoint. Pathways are not displayed for the first leg
of the flight plan if that segment is a Heading-to-Altitude leg. The first segment displaying pathways is the
first active GPS leg or active leg with a GPS overlay. If this leg of the flight plan route is outside the SVS
field of view, pathways will not be visible until the aircraft has turned toward this leg. While approaching
the center of the active leg and prescribed altitude, the number of pathway boxes decreases to a minimum
of four.
Climb profiles cannot be displayed due to the variables associated with aircraft performance. Flight
plan legs requiring a climb are indicated by pathways displayed at a level above the aircraft at the altitude
selected or programmed.
492
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Additional Features
Descent and Approach
Pathways are shown descending only for a programmed descent (Figures 8-5, 8-6). When the flight plan
includes programmed descent segments, pathways are displayed along the descent path provided that the
selected altitude is lower than the programmed altitude.
When an approach providing vertical guidance is activated, Pathways are shown level at the selected
altitude up to the point along the final approach course where the altitude intercepts the extended vertical
descent path, glidepath, or glideslope. From the vertical path descent, glidepath, or glideslope intercept
point, the pathways are shown inbound to the Missed Approach Point (MAP) along the published lateral
and vertical descent path, or at the selected altitude, whichever is lower.
During an ILS approach, the initial approach segment is displayed in magenta at the segment altitudes
if GPS is selected as the navigation source on the CDI. When switching to localizer inbound with LOC
selected as the navigation source on the CDI, pathways are displayed in green along the localizer and glide
slope.
VOR, LOC BC, and ADF approach segments that are approved to be flown using GPS are displayed in
magenta boxes. Segments that are flown using other than GPS or ILS, such as heading legs or VOR final
approach courses are not displayed.
Selected Altitude
set for Enroute
Selected Altitude
set for Departure
Climbs NOT
displayed
by pathway
Non-programmed descents NOT displayed by pathway
TOD
Selected Altitude
for Step Down
Programmed descent
displayed by pathway
Selected Altitude or Programmed Altitude
(whichever is higher)
Figure 8-5 SVS Pathways, Enroute and Descent
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
493
Additional Features
Missed Approach
Upon activating the missed approach, pathways lead to the Missed Approach Holding Point (MAHP) and
are displayed as a level path at the published altitude for the MAHP, or the selected altitude, whichever is
the highest. If the initial missed approach leg is a Course-to-Altitude (CA) leg, the pathways boxes will
be displayed level at the altitude published for the MAHP. If the initial missed approach leg is defined by
a course using other than GPS, pathways are not displayed for that segment. In this case, the pathways
displayed for the next leg may be outside the field of view and will be visible when the aircraft has turned
in the direction of that leg.
Pathways are displayed along each segment including the path required to track course reversals that are
part of a procedure, such as holding patterns. Pathways boxes will not indicate a turn to a MAHP unless a
defined geographical waypoint exists between the MAP and MAHP.
FAF
Descent displayed
by pathway
Selected Altitude
or Programmed Altitude
(whichever is higher)
MAP Climbs NOT displayed
by pathway
Turn Segment
NOT displayed
by pathway
MAHP
Figure 8-6 SVS Pathways, Approach, Missed Approach, and Holding
494
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Additional Features
Flight Path Marker
The Flight Path Marker (FPM), also known as a Velocity Vector, is displayed on the PFD at groundspeeds
above 30 knots. The FPM depicts the approximate projected path of the aircraft accounting for wind speed
and direction relative to the three-dimensional terrain display.
The FPM is always available when the Synthetic Terrain feature is in operation. The FPM represents the
direction of the flight path as it relates to the terrain and obstacles on the display, while the airplane symbol
represents the aircraft heading.
The FPM works in conjunction with the Pathways feature to assist the pilot in maintaining desired altitudes
and direction when navigating a flight plan. When on course and altitude the FPM is aligned inside the
pathway boxes as shown (Figure 8-7).
The FPM may also be used to identify a possible conflict with the aircraft flight path and distant terrain or
obstacles. Displayed terrain or obstacles in the aircraft’s flight path extending above the FPM could indicate
a potential conflict, even before an alert is issued by TAWS. However, decisions regarding terrain and/or
obstacle avoidance should not be made using only the FPM.
Flight Path
Marker
(FPM)
Wind
Vector
Figure 8-7 Flight Path Marker and Pathways
Zero Pitch Line
The Zero Pitch Line is drawn completely across the display and represents the aircraft attitude with respect
to the horizon. It may not align with the terrain horizon, particularly when the terrain is mountainous or
when the aircraft is flown at high altitudes.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
495
Additional Features
Horizon Heading
The Horizon Heading is synchronized with the HSI and shows approximately 60 degrees of compass
heading in 30‑degree increments on the Zero Pitch Line. Horizon Heading tick marks and digits appearing
on the zero pitch line are not visible behind either the airspeed or altitude display. Horizon Heading is used
for general heading awareness, and is activated and deactivated by pressing the HRZN HDG Softkey.
Traffic
WARNING: Intruder aircraft at or below 500 ft. AGL may not appear on the SVS display or may appear as a
partial symbol.
Traffic symbols are displayed in their approximate locations as determined by the related traffic systems.
Traffic symbols are displayed in three dimensions, appearing larger as they are getting closer, and smaller
when they are further away. Traffic within 250 feet laterally of the aircraft will not be displayed on the SVS
display. Traffic symbols and coloring are consistent with that used for traffic displayed in the Inset map or
MFD traffic page. If the traffic altitude is unknown, the traffic will not be displayed on the SVS display. For
more details refer to the traffic system discussion in the Hazard Avoidance section.
Airport Signs
Airport Signs provide a visual representation of airport location and identification on the synthetic terrain
display. When activated, the signs appear on the display when the aircraft is approximately 15 nm from
an airport and disappear at approximately 4.5 nm. Airport signs are shown without the identifier until
the aircraft is approximately eight nautical miles from the airport. Airport signs are not shown behind the
airspeed or altitude display. Airport signs are activated and deactivated by pressing the APTSIGNS Softkey.
Traffic
Airport
Sign
without
Identifier
(Between
8 nm and
15 nm)
Airport
Sign with
Identifier
(Between
4.5 nm and
8 nm)
Figure 8-8 Airport Signs
496
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Additional Features
Runways
WARNING: Do not use SVS runway depiction as the sole means for determining the proximity of the aircraft
to the runway or for maintaining the proper approach path angle during landing.
NOTE: Not all airports have runways with endpoint data in the database, therefore, these runways are not
displayed.
Runway data provides improved awareness of runway location with respect to the surrounding terrain. All
runway thresholds are depicted at their respective elevations as defined in the database. In some situations,
where threshold elevations differ significantly, crossing runways may appear to be layered. As runways are
displayed, those within 45 degrees of the aircraft heading are displayed in white. Other runways will be gray
in color. When an approach for a specific runway is active, that runway will appear brighter and be outlined
with a white box, regardless of the runway orientation as related to aircraft heading. As the aircraft gets closer
to the runway, more detail such as runway numbers and centerlines will be displayed.
Runway
Selected for
Approach
Other
Runway
on Airport
Figure 8-9 Airport Runways
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
497
Additional Features
TAWS Alerting
Terrain alerting on the synthetic terrain display is triggered by Forward-looking Terrain Avoidance (FLTA)
alerts. In addition to the yellow terrain shading for a caution alert and the red shading for a warning alert,
TAWS-B alerting will also indicate potential impact points. These potential impact points correspond to red
and/or yellow X symbols on the PFD Inset Map (as shown in Figure 8-10), MFD map displays, and TAWS-B
Page on the MFD. Terrain shading will only occur on the synthetic terrain display on the PFD and TAWS-A
Page on the MFD when using the optional TAWS-A system. No terrain shading nor potential impact points
will be displayed on the PFD inset map or the MFD map display. For more detailed information regarding
TAWS, refer to the Hazard Avoidance Section.
In some instances, a terrain or obstacle alert may be issued with no conflict shading displayed on the
synthetic terrain. In these cases, the conflict is outside the SVS field of view to the left or right of the
aircraft.
TERRAIN
Annunciation
Terrain
Caution
Potential
Impact
Point
Figure 8-10 Terrain Alert
498
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Additional Features
Obstacles are represented on the synthetic terrain display by standard two-dimensional tower symbols found
on the Inset map and MFD maps and charts. Obstacle symbols appear in the perspective view with relative
height above terrain and distance from the aircraft. When employing a TAWS-B system, unlike the Inset
map and MFD moving map display, obstacles on the synthetic terrain display do not change colors to warn
of potential conflict with the aircraft’s flight path until the obstacle is associated with an actual FLTA alert.
Obstacles greater than 1000 feet below the aircraft altitude are not shown. Obstacles are shown behind the
airspeed and altitude displays.
As with terrain alerting on a TAWS-A system, obstacle alerting is limited to the synthetic terrain display on
the PFD and the TAWS-A Page on the MFD.
TERRAIN
Annunciation
Obstacle
Warning
Potential
Impact
Point
Figure 8-11 Obstacle
Field of View
The PFD field of view can be represented on the MFD Navigation Map Page. Two dashed lines forming a
V‑shape in front of the aircraft symbol on the map, represent the forward viewing area shown on the PFD.
Configuring field of view:
1) While viewing the Navigation Map Page, press the MENU Key to display the PAGE MENU.
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight Map Setup and press the ENT Key.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
499
Additional Features
Field of
View
Navigation Map Page OPTIONS Menu
Map Setup Menu, Map Group, Field of View Option
Figure 8-12 Option Menus
3) Turn the FMS Knob to select the Map Group and press the ENT Key.
4) Turn the large FMS Knob to scroll through the Map Group options to FIELD OF VIEW.
5) Turn the small FMS Knob to select On or Off.
6) Press the FMS Knob to return to the Navigation Map Page.
The following figure compares the PFD forward looking depiction with the MFD plan view and FIELD OF
VIEW turned on.
Lines
Depict
PFD Field
of View
SVS View on the PFD
Field of View on the MFD
Figure 8-13 PFD and MFD Field of View Comparison
500
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Additional Features
8.2SafeTaxi
The SafeTaxi feature gives greater map detail when viewing airports at close range. The maximum map ranges
for enhanced detail are pilot configurable. When viewing at ranges close enough to show the airport detail,
the map reveals taxiways with identifying letters/numbers, airport Hot Spots, and airport landmarks including
ramps, buildings, control towers, and other prominent features. Resolution is greater at lower map ranges. When
the MFD display is within the SafeTaxi ranges, the airplane symbol on the airport provides enhanced position
awareness.
Designated Hot Spots are recognized at airports with many intersecting taxiways and runways, and/or complex
ramp areas. Airport Hot Spots are outlined to caution pilots of areas on an airport surface where positional
awareness confusion or runway incursions happen most often. Hot Spots are defined with a magenta circle or
outline around the region of possible confusion.
Any map page that displays the navigation view can also show the SafeTaxi airport layout within the maximum
configured range. The following is a list of pages where the SafeTaxi feature can be seen:
• Navigation Map Page
• VOR Information Page
• Inset Map (PFD)
• User Waypoint Information Page
• Weather Datalink Page
• Trip Planning Page
• Airport Information Page
• Nearest Pages
• Intersection Information Page
• Active and Stored Flight Plan Pages
• NDB Information Page
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
501
Additional Features
During ground operations the aircraft’s position is displayed in reference to taxiways, runways, and airport
features. In the example shown, the aircraft is on taxiway Bravo inside the High Alert Intersection boundary
on KSFO airport. Airport Hot Spots are outlined in magenta. When panning over the airport, features such as
runway holding lines and taxiways are shown at the cursor.
Taxiway
Identification
Aircraft
Position
Airport Hot
Spot Outline
Airport
Features
Figure 8-14 SafeTaxi Depiction on the Navigation Map Page
DCLTR Softkey
Removes
Taxiway
Markings
The DCLTR Softkey (declutter) label advances to DCLTR-1, DCLTR -2, and DCLTR-3 each time the softkey is
selected for easy recognition of decluttering level. Selecting the DCLTR Softkey removes the taxiway markings
and airport feature labels. Selecting the DCLTR-1 Softkey removes VOR station ID, the VOR symbol, and
intersection names if within the airport plan view. Selecting the DCLTR-2 Softkey removes the airport runway
layout, unless the airport in view is part of an active route structure. Selecting the DCLTR-3 Softkey cycles back
to the original map detail. Refer to Map Declutter Levels in the Flight Management Section.
502
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Additional Features
Configuring SafeTaxi range:
1) While viewing the Navigation Map Page, press the MENU Key to display the PAGE MENU.
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the Map Setup Menu Option and press the ENT Key.
Figure 8-15 Navigation Map PAGE MENU, Map Setup Option
3) Turn the FMS Knob to select the Aviation Group and press the ENT Key.
4) Turn the large FMS Knob to scroll through the Aviation Group options to SAFETAXI.
5) Turn the small FMS Knob to display the range of distances.
6) Turn either FMS Knob to select the desired distance for maximum SafeTaxi display range.
7) Press the ENT Key to complete the selection.
8) Press the FMS Knob to return to the Navigation Map Page.
SAFETAXI
Option
SafeTaxi
Range
Options
Figure 8-16 MAP SETUP Menu, Aviation Group, SAFETAXI Range Options
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
503
Additional Features
SafeTaxi Database Cycle Number and Revision
SafeTaxi database is revised every 56 days. SafeTaxi is always available for use after the expiration date.
When turning on the system, the Power-up Page indicates whether the databases are current, out of date, or
not available.
SafeTaxi Database
Figure 8-17 Power-up Page, SafeTaxi Database
Power-up Page Display
Definition
Normal operation. SafeTaxi database is valid and within current cycle.
SafeTaxi database has expired.
Database card contains no SafeTaxi data.
Table 8-1 SafeTaxi Annunciation Definitions
The SafeTaxi Region, Version, Cycle, Effective date and Expires date of the database cycle can also be found
on the AUX - System Status page, as seen in Figure 8-18.
Select the MFD1 DB Softkey to place the cursor in the DATABASE window. Scroll through the listed
information by turning the FMS Knob or pressing the ENT Key until the SafeTaxi database information is
shown.
504
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Additional Features
The SafeTaxi database cycle number shown in Figure 8-18, 10S3, is deciphered as follows:
10 – Indicates the year 2010
S – Indicates the data is for SafeTaxi
3 – Indicates the third issue of the SafeTaxi database for the year
The SafeTaxi EFFECTIVE date 07–MAY–10 is the beginning date for the current database cycle. SafeTaxi
EXPIRES date 02–JUL–10 is the revision date for the next database cycle.
SafeTaxi Data
Figure 8-18 AUX – System Status Page, SafeTaxi Current Information
SafeTaxi information appears in blue and yellow text. The EFFECTIVE date appears in blue when data is
current and in yellow when the current date is before the effective date. The EXPIRES date appears in blue
when data is current and in yellow when expired (Figures 8‑18 and 8-19). NOT AVAILABLE appears in blue
in the REGION field if SafeTaxi data is not available on the database card (Figure 8‑19). An expired SafeTaxi
database is not disabled and will continue to function indefinitely.
Select the MFD1 DB Softkey a second time. The softkey label will change to PFD1 DB. The DATABASE
window will now be displaying database information for PFD1. As before, scroll through the listed information
by turning the FMS Knob or pressing the ENT Key until the SafeTaxi database information is shown.
Select the PFD1 DB Softkey. The softkey label will change to PFD2 DB. The DATABASE window will now
display database information for PFD2. Again, scroll through the listed information by turning the FMS Knob
or pressing the ENT Key until the SafeTaxi database information is shown.
Refer to Updating Garmin Databases in Appendix B for instructions on revising the SafeTaxi database.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
505
Additional Features
Figure 8-19 illustrates possible SafeTaxi database conditions that may appear on the AUX - System Status
Page. The EFFECTIVE date is the beginning date for this database cycle. If the present date is before the
effective date, the EFFECTIVE date appears in yellow and the EXPIRES date appears in blue. The EXPIRES date
is the revision date for the next database cycle. NOT AVAILABLE indicates that SafeTaxi is not available on the
database card or no database card is inserted.
Current Date is before Effective Date
SafeTaxi Database has Expired
SafeTaxi Database Not Installed
Figure 8-19 AUX – System Status Page, SafeTaxi Expired, SafeTaxi Not Available
506
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Additional Features
8.3 ChartView
ChartView resembles the paper version of Jeppesen terminal procedures charts. The charts are displayed in full
color with high-resolution. The MFD depiction shows the aircraft position on the moving map in the plan view
of approach charts and on airport diagrams. Airport Hot Spots are outlined in magenta.
The ChartView database subscription is available from Jeppesen, Inc. Available data includes:
• Arrivals (STAR)
• Airport Diagrams
• Departure Procedures (DP)
• NOTAMs
• Approaches
ChartView Softkeys
ChartView functions are displayed on three levels of softkeys. While on the Navigation Map Page, Nearest
Airports Page, or Flight Plan Page, selecting the SHW CHRT Softkey displays the available terminal chart and
advances to the chart selection level of softkeys: CHRT OPT, CHRT, INFO, DP, STAR, APR, WX, NOTAM,
and GO BACK. The chart selection softkeys shown below appear on the Airport Information Page.
Selecting the GO BACK Softkey reverts to the top level softkeys and previous page.
Selecting the CHRT OPT Softkey advances to the next level of softkeys: ALL, HEADER, PLAN, PROFILE,
MINIMUMS, FIT WDTH, FULL SCN, and BACK.
While viewing the CHRT OPT Softkeys, after 45 seconds of softkey inactivity, the system reverts to the chart
selection softkeys.
SHW CHRT
CHRT OPT
CHRT
INFO-1
DP
HEADER
PLAN
APR
WX
NOTAM
GO BACK
Selecting the GO BACK Softkey returns
to the top-level softkeys and previous page.
INFO-2
ALL
STAR
PROFILE
MINIMUMS FIT WDTH FULL SCN
BACK
Selecting the BACK Softkey returns
to the Chart Selection Softkeys.
Figure 8-20 ChartView SHW CHRT, Chart Selection, and Chart Option Softkeys
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
507
Additional Features
Terminal Procedures Charts
Selecting Terminal Procedures Charts:
While viewing the Navigation Map Page, Nearest Airport Page, or Flight Plan Page, select the SHW CHRT
Softkey.
Or:
1) Press the MENU Key to display the PAGE MENU.
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to scroll through the OPTIONS Menu to Show Chart.
3) Press the ENT Key to display the chart.
Navigation Map Page OPTIONS Menu
Waypoint Airport Information Page OPTIONS Menu
Figure 8-21 Option Menus
When no terminal procedure chart is available for the nearest airport or the selected airport, the banner
CHART NOT AVAILABLE appears on the screen. The CHART NOT AVAILABLE banner does not refer to
the Jeppesen subscription, but rather the availability of a particular airport chart selection or procedure for a
selected airport.
Figure 8-22 Chart Not Available Banner
If there is a problem in rendering the data (such as a data error or a failure of an individual chart), the banner
UNABLE TO DISPLAY CHART is then displayed.
Figure 8-23 Unable To Display Chart Banner
508
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Additional Features
When a chart is not available by selecting the SHW CHRT Softkey or selecting a Page Menu Option, charts
may be obtained for other airports from the WPT Pages or Flight Plan Pages.
If a chart is available for the destination airport, or the airport selected in the active flight plan, the chart
appears on the screen. When no flight plan is active, or when not flying to a direct-to destination, selecting the
SHW CHRT Softkey displays the chart for the nearest airport, if available.
The chart shown is the one associated with the WPT – Airport Information page. Usually this is the airport
runway diagram. Where no runway diagram exists, but Take Off Minimums or Alternate Minimums are
available, that page appears. If Airport Information pages are unavailable, the Approach Chart for the airport
is shown.
Selecting a chart:
1) While viewing the Navigation Map Page, Flight Plan Page, or Nearest Airports Page, select the SHW CHRT
Softkey. The airport diagram or approach chart is displayed on the Airport Information Page.
2) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to select either the Airport Identifier Box or the Approach Box. (Select the APR Softkey
if the Approach Box is not currently shown).
4) Turn the small and large FMS Knob to enter the desired airport identifier.
5) Press the ENT Key to complete the airport selection.
6) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the Approach Box.
7) Turn the small FMS Knob to show the approach chart selection choices.
8) Turn either FMS Knob to scroll through the available charts.
9) Press the ENT Key to complete the chart selection.
Chart Scale
Select Desired
Approach Chart
from Menu
Scroll Through
Entire Chart
With the
Joystick
Figure 8-24 Approach Information Page, Chart Selection
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
509
Additional Features
While the APPROACH Box is selected using the FMS Knob, the softkeys are blank. Once the desired chart
is selected, the chart scale can be changed and the chart page can be scrolled using the Joystick. Pressing the
Joystick centers the chart on the screen.
The aircraft symbol is shown on the chart only if the chart is to scale and the aircraft position is within
the boundaries of the chart. The aircraft symbol is not displayed when the Aircraft Not Shown Icon appears
(Figure 8‑28). If the Chart Scale Box displays a banner NOT TO SCALE, the aircraft symbol is not shown. The
Aircraft Not Shown Icon may appear at certain times, even if the chart is displayed to scale.
Selecting the CHRT Softkey switches between the ChartView diagram and the associated map in the WPT
page group. In the example shown, the CHRT Softkey switches between the DeKalb Peachtree (KPDK) Airport
Diagram and the navigation map on the WPT – Airport Information page.
Press CHRT Softkey
to Switch Between
ChartView and WPT Airport Information Page
Figure 8-25 CHRT Softkey, Airport Information Page
510
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Additional Features
Pressing the INFO-1 or INFO-2 Softkey returns to the airport diagram chart when the view is on a terminal
procedure chart. If the displayed chart is the airport diagram chart, pressing the INFO-1 or INFO-2 Softkey
returns to the Airport Information Page.
The aircraft position is shown in magenta on the ChartView diagrams when the location of the aircraft is
within the chart boundaries. In the example shown, the aircraft is turning onto Taxiway Bravo on the Charlotte,
NC (KCLT) airport.
Another source for additional airport information is from the INFO Box above the chart for certain airports.
This information source is not related to the INFO-1 or INFO-2 Softkey. When the INFO Box is selected
using the FMS Knob, the softkeys are blank. The Charlotte, NC airport has five additional charts offering
information; the Airport Diagram, Take-off Minimums, Class B Airspace, Airline Parking Gate Coordinates, and
Airline Parking Gate Location. (The numbers in parentheses after the chart name are Jeppesen designators.)
Figure 8-26 Airport Information Page, INFO View, Full Screen Width
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
511
Additional Features
In the example shown in Figure 8-26, the Class B Chart is selected. Pressing the ENT Key displays the
Charlotte Class B Airspace Chart (Figure 8-27).
Figure 8-27 Airport Information Page, Class B Chart Selected from INFO View
Selecting the DP Softkey displays the Departure Procedure Chart if available.
Chart Not
To Scale
Aircraft Not
Shown Icon
Figure 8-28 Departure Information Page
512
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Additional Features
Selecting the STAR Softkey displays the Standard Terminal Arrival Chart if available.
Chart Not
To Scale
Change Range
and Scroll
Through the
Chart With the
Joystick
Aircraft Not
Shown Icon
Figure 8-29 Arrival Information Page
Selecting the APR Softkey displays the approach chart for the airport if available.
Figure 8-30 Approach Information Page
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
513
Additional Features
Selecting the WX Softkey shows the airport weather frequency information, and includes weather data such
as METAR and TAF from the XM Data Link Receiver, when available. Weather information is available only
when an XM Data Link Receiver is installed and the XM Weather subscription is current.
WX Info
When
Available
WX Softkey
Selected
Figure 8-31 Weather Information Page
NOTE: A subdued softkey label indicates the function is disabled.
Recent NOTAMS applicable to the current ChartView cycle are included in the ChartView database. Selecting
the NOTAM Softkey shows the local NOTAM information for selected airports, when available. When NOTAMS
are not available, the NOTAM Softkey label appears subdued and is disabled. The NOTAM Softkey may appear
on the Airport Information Page and all of the chart page selections.
514
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Additional Features
Figure 8-32 NOTAM Softkey Enabled
NOTAM Softkey
Appears When
NOTAMS are
Available for
Selected Airport
Local
NOTAM on
Selected
Airport
NOTAM Softkey
Selected
Figure 8-33 Airport Information Page, Local NOTAMs
Selecting the NOTAM Softkey again removes the NOTAMS information.
Selecting the GO BACK Softkey reverts to the previous page (Navigation Map Page, Nearest Pages, or Flight
Plan Page).
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
515
Additional Features
Chart Options
Selecting the CHRT OPT Softkey displays the next level of softkeys, the chart options level (Figure 8-20).
Selecting the ALL Softkey shows the entire approach chart on the screen.
Entire Chart
Shown
Figure 8-34 Approach Information Page, ALL View
Selecting the HEADER Softkey shows the header view (approach chart briefing strip) on the screen.
Approach
Chart
Briefing Strip
Figure 8-35 Approach Information Page, Header View
516
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Additional Features
Selecting the PLAN Softkey shows the approach chart two dimensional plan view.
Approach
Chart Plan
View
Figure 8-36 Approach Information Page, Plan View
Selecting the PROFILE Softkey displays the approach chart descent profile strip.
Approach
Chart Descent
Profile Strip
Figure 8-37 Approach Information Page, Profile View, Full Screen Width
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
517
Additional Features
Selecting the MINIMUMS Softkey displays the minimum descent altitude/visibility strip at the bottom of the
approach chart.
Minimum
Descent
Altitude/
Visibility Strip
Figure 8-38 Approach Information Page, Minimums View, Full Screen Width
If the chart scale has been adjusted to view a small area of the chart, selecting the FIT WIDTH Softkey
changes the chart size to fit the available screen width.
518
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Additional Features
Select FIT WDTH
Softkey to Show
Full Chart Width
Figure 8-39 Airport Information Page, FIT WDTH Softkey Selected
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
519
Additional Features
Selecting the FULL SCN Softkey alternates between removing and replacing the data window to the right.
Selecting Additional Information:
1) While viewing the Airport Taxi Diagram, select the FULL SCN Softkey to display the information windows
(AIRPORT, INFO).
2) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the AIRPORT, INFO, RUNWAYS, or FREQUENCIES Box (INFO Box shown).
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the INFO Box choices. If multiple choices are available, scroll to the desired
choice with the large FMS Knob and press the ENT Key to complete the selection.
5) Press the FMS Knob again to deactivate the cursor.
Available
Information
Select FULL SCN
Softkey to Switch
Between Full Screen
and Chart with Info
Window
Figure 8-40 Airport Information Page, Full Screen and Info Window
Selecting the BACK Softkey, or waiting for 45 seconds reverts to the chart selection softkeys.
520
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Additional Features
The full screen view can also be selected by using the page menu option.
Selecting full screen On or Off:
1) While viewing a terminal chart press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu OPTIONS.
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the Chart Setup Menu Option and press the ENT Key.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to move between the FULL SCREEN and COLOR SCHEME Options.
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to choose between the On and Off Full Screen Options.
Chart Setup Option
Full Screen On/Off Selection
Figure 8-41 Page Menus
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
521
Additional Features
Day/Night View
ChartView can be displayed on a white or black background for day or night viewing. The Day View offers
a better presentation in a bright environment. The Night View gives a better presentation for viewing in a dark
environment. When the CHART SETUP Box is selected the softkeys are blank.
Selecting Day, Night, or Automatic View:
1) While viewing a terminal chart press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu OPTIONS.
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the Chart Setup Menu Option and press the ENT Key.
Figure 8-42 Waypoint Information Page, OPTIONS Menu
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to move to the COLOR SCHEME Option (Figure 8‑43).
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to choose between Day, Auto, and Night Options.
5) If Auto Mode is selected, turn the large FMS Knob to select the percentage field. Use the small FMS Knob to
change the percentage value. The percentage value is the day/night crossover point based on the percentage of
backlighting intensity. For example, if the value is set to 15%, the day/night display changes when the display
backlight reaches 15% of full brightness.
The display must be changed in order for the new setting to become active. This may be accomplished by
selecting another page or changing the display range.
6) Press the FMS Knob when finished to remove the Chart Setup Menu.
522
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Additional Features
Figure 8-43 Arrival Information Page, Day View
Figure 8-44 Arrival Information Page, Night View
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
523
Additional Features
ChartView Cycle Number and Expiration Date
The ChartView database is revised every 14 days. Charts are still viewable during a period that extends from
the cycle expiration date to the disables date. ChartView is disabled 70 days after the expiration date and is no
longer available for viewing. After the expiration date, the ChartView database is no longer current, however,
data displayed on the actual charts may still be current. When viewing charts after the ChartView database has
expired, ensure the displayed chart is current before using.
When turning on the system, the Power-up Page displays the current status of the ChartView database. See
the table below for the various ChartView Power-up Page displays and the definition of each.
ChartView Database
Figure 8-45 Power-up Page, ChartView Database
Power-up Page Display
Definition
Blank Line. System is not configured for ChartView. Contact a Garminauthorized service center for configuration.
System is configured for ChartView but no chart database is installed.
Contact Jeppesen for a ChartView database.
Normal operation. ChartView database is valid and within current
cycle.
ChartView database is within 1 week after expiration date. A new cycle
is available for update.
ChartView database is beyond 1 week after expiration date, but still
within the 70 day viewing period.
ChartView database has timed out. Database is beyond 70 days after
expiration date. ChartView database is no longer available for viewing.
System time is not available. GPS satellite data is unknown or the
system has not yet locked onto satellites. Check database cycle number
for effectivity.
System is verifying chart database when new cycle is installed for the
first time.
After verifying, chart database is found to be corrupt. ChartView is not
available.
Table 8-2 ChartView Power-up Page Annunciations and Definitions
524
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Additional Features
The ChartView time critical information can also be found on the AUX - System Status page. The database
CYCLE number, EXPIRES, and DISABLES dates of the ChartView subscription appear in either blue or yellow
text. When the ChartView EXPIRES date is reached, ChartView becomes inoperative 70 days later. This is
shown as the DISABLES date. When the DISABLES date is reached, charts are no longer available for viewing.
The SHW CHRT Softkey label then appears subdued and is disabled until a revised issue of ChartView is
installed.
NOTE: A subdued softkey label indicates the function is disabled.
Select the MFD1 DB Softkey to place the cursor in the DATABASE window. Scroll through the listed
information by turning the FMS Knob or pressing the ENT Key until the ChartView database information is
shown.
The ChartView database cycle number shown in the figure, 1004, is deciphered as follows:
10 – Indicates the year 2010
04 – Indicates the fourth issue of the ChartView database for the year
The EXPIRES date 06–MAR–10 is the date that this database should be replaced with the next issue.
The DISABLES date 15–MAY–10 is the date that this database becomes inoperative.
ChartView
Data
Figure 8-46 AUX – System Status Page, ChartView Current and Available
The ChartView database is obtained directly from Jeppesen. Refer to Updating Jeppesen Databases in
Appendix B for instructions on revising the ChartView database.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
525
Additional Features
Other possible AUX - System Status page conditions are shown in Figure 8-47. The EXPIRES date is the
revision date for the next database cycle. The DISABLES date is the date that this database cycle is no longer
viewable. A date displayed in yellow indicates that date has passed. CYCLE NOT AVAILABLE in blue, indicates
no ChartView data is available on the database card or no database card is inserted.
ChartView has Expired, but is not Disabled
ChartView Database is Disabled
ChartView Database is Not Available
Figure 8-47 AUX – System Status Page, ChartView Expired, ChartView Disabled, ChartView Not Available
526
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Additional Features
8.4FliteCharts
FliteCharts resemble the paper version of AeroNav Services terminal procedures charts. The charts are
displayed with high-resolution and in color for applicable charts. FliteCharts database subscription is available
from Garmin. Available data includes:
• Arrivals (STAR)
• Approaches
• Departure Procedures (DP)
• Airport Diagrams
FliteCharts Softkeys
FliteCharts functions are displayed on three levels of softkeys. While on the Navigation Map Page, Nearest
Airports Page, or Flight Plan Page, selecting the SHW CHRT Softkey displays the available terminal chart
and advances to the chart selection level of softkeys: CHRT OPT, CHRT, INFO, DP, STAR, APR, WX, and
GO BACK. The chart selection softkeys appear on the Airport Information Page.
Selecting the GO BACK Softkey reverts to the top level softkeys and previous page.
Selecting the CHRT OPT Softkey displays the available terminal chart and advances to the next level of
softkeys: ALL, FIT WDTH, FULL SCN, and BACK.
While viewing the CHRT OPT Softkeys, after 45 seconds of softkey inactivity, the system reverts to the chart
selection softkeys.
NOTAMs are not available with FliteCharts. The NOTAM Softkey label appears subdued and is disabled.
SHW CHRT
CHRT OPT
CHRT
INFO-1
INFO-2
ALL
DP
STAR
WX
APR
GO BACK
Selecting the GO BACK Softkey returns
to the top-level softkeys and previous page.
FIT WDTH
FULL SCN
BACK
Selecting the BACK Softkey returns
to the Chart Selection Softkeys.
Figure 8-48 FliteCharts SHW CHRT, Chart Selection, and Chart Option Softkeys
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
527
Additional Features
Terminal Procedures Charts
Selecting Terminal Procedures Charts:
While viewing the Navigation Map Page, Nearest Airport Page, or Flight Plan Page, select the SHW CHRT
Softkey.
Or:
1) Press the MENU Key to display the PAGE MENU.
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to scroll through the OPTIONS Menu to Show Chart.
3) Press the ENT Key to display the chart.
Navigation Map Page OPTIONS Menu
Waypoint Airport Information Page OPTIONS Menu
Figure 8-49 Option Menus
When no terminal procedure chart is available, the banner CHART NOT AVAILABLE appears on the screen.
The CHART NOT AVAILABLE banner does not refer to the FliteCharts subscription, but rather the availability
of a particular airport chart selection or procedure for a selected airport.
Figure 8-50 Chart Not Available Banner
If there is a problem in rendering the data (such as a data error or a failure of an individual chart), the banner
UNABLE TO DISPLAY CHART is then displayed.
Figure 8-51 Unable To Display Chart Banner
528
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Additional Features
When a chart is not available by selecting the SHW CHRT Softkey or selecting a Page Menu Option, charts
may be obtained for other airports from the WPT Pages or Flight Plan Pages.
If a chart is available for the destination airport, or the airport selected in the active flight plan, the chart
appears on the screen. When no flight plan is active, or when not flying to a direct-to destination, selecting the
SHW CHRT Softkey displays the chart for the nearest airport, if available.
The chart shown is one associated with the WPT – Airport Information page. Usually this is the airport runway
diagram. Where no runway diagram exists, but Take Off Minimums or Alternate Minimums are available, that
page appears. If Airport Information pages are unavailable, the Approach Chart for the airport is shown.
Selecting a chart:
1) While viewing the Navigation Map Page, Flight Plan Page, or Nearest Airports Page, select the SHW CHRT
Softkey. The airport diagram or approach chart is displayed on the Airport Information Page.
2) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to select either the Airport Identifier Box or the Approach Box. (Select the APR Softkey
if the Approach Box is not currently shown).
4) Turn the small and large FMS Knob to enter the desired airport identifier.
5) Press the ENT Key to complete the airport selection.
6) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the Approach Box.
7) Turn the small FMS Knob to show the approach chart selection choices.
8) Turn either FMS Knob to scroll through the available charts.
9) Press the ENT Key to complete the chart selection.
Chart Not
To Scale
Select Desired
Approach Chart
from Menu
Pan Entire
Chart With
the Joystick
Aircraft Not
Shown Icon
Figure 8-52 Approach Information Page, Chart Selection
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
529
Additional Features
While the APPROACH Box is selected using the FMS Knob, the softkeys are blank. Once the desired chart is
selected, the chart scale can be changed and the chart can be panned using the Joystick. Pressing the Joystick
centers the chart on the screen.
The aircraft symbol is not shown on FliteCharts. The Chart Scale Box displays a banner NOT TO SCALE, and
the Aircraft Not Shown Icon is displayed in the lower right corner of the screen.
Selecting the CHRT Softkey switches between the FliteCharts diagram and the associated map in the WPT
page group. In the example shown, the CHRT Softkey switches between the Charlotte, NC (KCLT) Airport
Diagram and the navigation map on the WPT – Airport Information page.
Select CHRT Softkey
to Switch Between
FliteCharts and WPT Airport Information Page
Figure 8-53 CHRT Softkey, Airport Information Page
530
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Additional Features
Pressing the INFO-1 or INFO-2 Softkey returns to the airport diagram chart when the view is on a terminal
procedure chart. If the displayed chart is the airport diagram chart, pressing the INFO-1 or INFO-2 Softkey
returns to the Airport Information Page.
Another source for additional airport information is from the INFO Box above the chart (Figure 8-53) or to
the right of the chart (Figure 8-54) for certain airports. This information source is not related to the INFO-1 or
INFO-2 Softkey. When the INFO Box is selected using the FMS Knob, the softkeys are blank. The Charlotte,
NC airport has three additional charts offering information; the Airport Diagram, Alternate Minimums, and
Take-off Minimums.
Info Box
Selected
Figure 8-54 Airport Information Page, INFO View with Airport Information
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
531
Additional Features
In the example shown in Figure 8-54, TAKE OFF MINIMUMS is selected. Pressing the ENT Key displays the
IFR Alternate Minimums Chart (Figure 8-55).
Figure 8-55 Airport Information Page, ALTERNATE MINIMUMS Selected from INFO View
Selecting the DP Softkey displays the Departure Procedure Chart if available.
Figure 8-56 Departure Information Page
532
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Additional Features
Selecting the STAR Softkey displays the Standard Terminal Arrival Chart if available.
Figure 8-57 Arrival Information Page
Selecting the APR Softkey displays the approach chart for the airport if available.
Figure 8-58 Approach Information Page
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
533
Additional Features
Selecting the WX Softkey shows the airport weather frequency information, when available, and includes
weather data such as METAR and TAF from the XM Data Link Receiver. Weather information is available only
when an XM Data Link Receiver is installed and the XM Weather subscription is current.
Selecting Additional Information:
1) While viewing the Airport Taxi Diagram, select the WX Softkey to display the information windows (AIRPORT,
INFO).
2) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the INFO Box.
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the INFO Box choices. When the INFO Box is selected the softkeys are blank.
If multiple choices are available, scroll to the desired choice with the large FMS Knob and press the ENT Key to
complete the selection.
5) Press the FMS Knob again to deactivate the cursor.
Info Available
on This Airport
WX Info
When
Available
Chart Not
To Scale
Softkeys are
Blank during
Info Box
Selection
Figure 8-59 Weather Information Page, WX Softkey Selected
WX Softkey
Selected
Selecting the GO BACK Softkey reverts to the previous page (Navigation Map Page or Flight Plan Page).
534
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Additional Features
Chart Options
Selecting the CHRT OPT Softkey displays the next level of softkeys, the chart options level (Figure 8-48).
Selecting the ALL Softkey shows the entire chart on the screen.
Entire Chart
Shown
Figure 8-60 Airport Information Page, ALL View Selected
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
535
Additional Features
Selecting the FIT WIDTH Softkey fits the width of the chart in the display viewing area. In the example
shown, the chart at close range is replaced with the full width chart.
Select FIT WDTH
Softkey to Show
Full Chart Width
Figure 8-61 Approach Information Page, FIT WDTH Softkey Selected
536
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Additional Features
Selecting the FULL SCN Softkey alternates between removing and replacing the data window to the right.
Select FULL SCN
Softkey to Switch
Between Full Screen
Chart and Chart with
Info Window
Figure 8-62 Airport Information Page, Full Screen and Info Window
Selecting the BACK Softkey, or waiting for 45 seconds reverts to the chart selection softkeys.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
537
Additional Features
The full screen view can also be selected by using the page menu option.
Selecting full screen On or Off:
1) While viewing a terminal chart press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu OPTIONS.
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the Chart Setup Menu Option and press the ENT Key.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to move between the FULL SCREEN and COLOR SCHEME Options.
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to choose between the On and Off Full Screen Options.
Chart Setup Option
Full Screen On/Off Selection
Figure 8-63 Page Menus
538
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Additional Features
Day/Night View
FliteCharts can be displayed on a white or black background for day or night viewing. The Day View offers
a better presentation in a bright environment. The Night View gives a better presentation for viewing in a dark
environment. When the CHART SETUP Box is selected the softkeys are blank.
Selecting Day, Night, or Automatic View:
1) While viewing a terminal chart press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu OPTIONS.
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the Chart Setup Menu Option and press the ENT Key.
Figure 8-64 Waypoint Information Page, OPTIONS Menu
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to move to the COLOR SCHEME Option (Figure 8‑65).
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to choose between Day, Auto, and Night Options.
5) If Auto Mode is selected, turn the large FMS Knob to select the percentage field. Use the small FMS Knob to
change the percentage value. The percentage value is the day/night crossover point based on the percentage of
backlighting intensity. For example, if the value is set to 15%, the day/night display changes when the display
backlight reaches 15% of full brightness.
The display must be changed in order for the new setting to become active. This may be accomplished by
selecting another page or changing the display range.
6) Press the FMS Knob when finished to remove the Chart Setup Menu.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
539
Additional Features
Figure 8-65 Approach Information Page, Day View
Figure 8-66 Approach Information Page, Night View
540
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Additional Features
FliteCharts Cycle Number and Expiration Date
FliteCharts data is revised every 28 days. Charts are still viewable during a period that extends from the cycle
expiration date to the disables date. FliteCharts is disabled 180 days after the expiration date and are no longer
available for viewing upon reaching the disables date. After the expiration date, the FliteCharts database is no
longer current, however, data displayed on the actual charts may still be current. When viewing charts after the
FliteCharts database has expired, ensure the displayed chart is current before using.
When turning on the system, the Power-up Page displays the current status of the FliteCharts database. See
the table below for the various FliteCharts Power-up Page displays and the definition of each.
FliteCharts Database
Figure 8-67 Power-up Page, FliteCharts Database
Power-up Page Display
Definition
Blank Line. System is not configured for FliteCharts. Contact a
Garmin-authorized service center for configuration.
System is configured for FliteCharts but no chart database is installed.
Refer to Updating Garmin Databases in Appendix B for the FliteCharts
database.
Normal operation. FliteCharts database is valid and within current
cycle.
FliteCharts database is beyond the expiration date, but still within the
180 day viewing period.
FliteCharts database has timed out. Database is beyond 180 days
after expiration date. FliteCharts database is no longer available for
viewing.
Table 8-3 FliteCharts Power-up Page Annunciations and Definitions
Other possible AUX - System Status page conditions are shown in Figure 8-68. ‘FliteCharts Expires’ plus a
date in white, indicates the chart database is current. ‘Chart data is out of date!’ in yellow, indicates charts are
still viewable, but approaching the disable date.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
541
Additional Features
When the 180 day grace period has expired, ‘Chart data is disabled.’ in yellow indicates that the FliteCharts
database has expired and is no longer viewable. ‘Chart Data: N/A’ appears in white if no FliteCharts data is
available on the database card or no database card is inserted.
FliteCharts time critical information can also be found on the AUX - System Status page. The FliteCharts
database REGION, CYCLE number, EFFECTIVE, EXPIRES, and DISABLES dates of the subscription appear in
either blue or yellow text. Dates shown in blue are current data. Dates shown in yellow indicate the data is not
within the current subscription period.
FliteCharts becomes inoperative 180 days after the FliteCharts EXPIRES date is reached, and is no longer
available for viewing. This date is shown as the DISABLES date. After the disable date the SHW CHRT Softkey
label appears subdued and is unavailable until a revised issue of FliteCharts is installed.
NOTE: A subdued softkey label indicates the function is disabled.
Select the MFD1 DB Softkey to place the cursor in the DATABASE window. Scroll through the listed
information by turning the FMS Knob or pressing the ENT Key until the FliteCharts database information is
shown.
The FliteCharts database cycle number shown in the figure, 1005, is deciphered as follows:
10 – Indicates the year 2010
05 – Indicates the fifth issue of the FliteCharts database for the year
The FliteCharts EFFECTIVE date 07–MAY–10 is the first date that this database is current.
The FliteCharts EXPIRES date 04–JUN–10 is the last date that this database is current.
The DISABLES date 01–DEC–10 is the date that this database becomes inoperative.
FliteCharts
Data
Figure 8-68 AUX – System Status Page, FliteCharts Current and Available
542
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Additional Features
The FliteCharts database is provided from Garmin. Refer to Updating Garmin Databases in Appendix B for
instructions on revising the FliteCharts database.
The other three possible AUX - System Status page conditions are shown here. The EFFECTIVE date is the
beginning date for this database cycle. If the present date is before the effective date, the EFFECTIVE date
appears in yellow and the EXPIRES date appears in blue. The EXPIRES date is the revision date for the next
database cycle. A date displayed in yellow indicates that date has passed. The DISABLES date is the date that
this database cycle is no longer viewable. A date displayed in yellow indicates that date has passed. REGION
and CYCLE NOT AVAILABLE in blue, indicate that FliteCharts database is not available on the database card
or no database card is inserted.
FliteCharts Expired, but is not Disabled
FliteCharts Database is Disabled
FliteCharts Database is Not Available
Figure 8-69 AUX – System Status Page, FliteCharts Expired, FliteCharts Disabled, FliteCharts Not Available
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
543
Additional Features
8.5AOPA Airport Directory
The Aircraft Owners and Pilots Association (AOPA) Airport Directory database offers detailed information
regarding services, hours of operation, lodging options, and more. This information is viewed on the Airport
Information Page by selecting the INFO Softkey until INFO-2 is displayed as shown in Figure 8-70.
Figure 8-70 AOPA Information on the Airport Information Page
544
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Additional Features
AOPA Database Cycle Number and Revision
The AOPA Airport Directory database is revised four times per year. Check fly.garmin.com for the current
database. The Airport Directory is always available for use after the expiration date. When turning on the
system, the Power-up Page indicates whether the databases are current, out of date, or not available.
AOPA Database
Figure 8-71 Power-up Page, Airport Directory Database
Power-up Page Display
Definition
Normal operation. AOPA Airport Directory database is valid and within
current cycle.
AOPA Airport Directory database has expired.
Database card contains no AOPA Airport Directory data.
Table 8-4 Airport Directory Annunciation Definitions
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
545
Additional Features
The Airport Directory Region, Version, Cycle, Effective date and Expires date of the database cycle can also be
found on the AUX - System Status page, as seen in Figure 8-72.
Select the MFD1 DB Softkey to place the cursor in the DATABASE window. Scroll through the listed
information by turning the FMS Knob or pressing the ENT Key until the Airport Directory database information
is shown.
The Airport Directory database cycle number shown in the figure, 10D2, is deciphered as follows:
10 – Indicates the year 2010
D – Indicates the data is for Airport Directory
2 – Indicates the second issue of the Airport Directory database for the year
The Airport Directory EFFECTIVE date 15–APR–10 is the beginning date for the current database cycle. The
Airport Directory EXPIRES date 14–JUL–10 is the revision date for the next database cycle.
Airport Directory
Data
Figure 8-72 AUX – System Status Page, Airport Directory Current Information
Airport Directory information appears in blue and yellow text. The EFFECTIVE date appears in blue when
data is current and in yellow when the current date is before the effective date. The EXPIRES date appears in
blue when data is current and in yellow when expired (Table 8-4). NOT AVAILABLE appears in blue in the
REGION field if Airport Directory data is not available on the database card. An expired Airport Directory
database is not disabled and will continue to function indefinitely.
546
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Additional Features
8.6Satellite Telephone and Data Link Services
NOTE: Separate accounts must be established to access the Iridium satellite network for voice and Garmin
Flight Data Services for data transmission of maintenance reports.
The optional GDL 59 Data Link provides an aircraft systems data logger for communication of potential
maintenance issues and, while the aircraft is on the ground, a high speed (IEEE 802.11g) Wi-Fi data link between
the aircraft and a ground computer network. The GDL 59 can also be paired with up to two optional GSR 56
Iridium Transceivers providing an airborne low speed data link, Iridium Satellite Telephone service and SMS text
messaging. Iridium telephone and text messaging are available to the flight crew through the Multi-function Display,
audio panel and headset. The system provides a telephone handset interface to be used for voice communication
between the aircraft cabin and the cockpit and for Iridium telephone service in the aircraft cabin.
Operation of these features in the cockpit is accomplished through the AUX-TELEPHONE, AUX-TEXT
MESSAGING, AUX-REPORT STATUS, and AUX-WI-FI SETUP Pages. For operation using the cabin handset,
consult the instructions provided with the handset.
Registering With Garmin Flight Data Services
A subscriber account must be established with Iridium Communications, Inc. prior to using the Iridium
Satellite System for telephone, text messaging and low speed data services. Contact Garmin Flight Data Services
at 1-866-739-5687 in the United States or 913-397-8200, ext. 1135 establish an account for data link services.
After an account has been established, the system must be registered for use of the data link services.
Registering the system for data link services:
1) With the Prodigy® system connected to a Wi-Fi network, turn the large FMS Knob on the MFD to select the AUX
page group.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to select SYSTEM STATUS. The AUX-SYSTEM STATUS Page is displayed. Note the
System ID number in the AIRFRAME field as seen in Figure 8-72. This number will be needed when contacting
Garmin Flight Data Services to establish the account.
3) Turn the small FMS Knob to select REPORTS/DATA LINK.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
547
Additional Features
4) If necessary, select the REPORTS Softkey. The AUX-Report Status Page is now displayed as shown in Figure
8-73.
Figure 8-73 Report Status Page Selected Prior to System Registration
5) Press the MENU Key. The Page Menu window is now displayed as seen in Figure 8-74.
6) Select ‘Register With GFDS’ in the menu list.
Figure 8-74 Select Register With GFDS
548
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Additional Features
7) Press the ENT Key. The Garmin Flight Data Service Registration window is now displayed as shown in Figure
8-75.
Figure 8-75 Enter Access Code
8) Enter the Access Code provided by Garmin Flight Data Services.
9) Press the ENT Key. REGISTER will now be highlighted as in Figure 8-75.
10) Press the ENT Key. System registration is complete when ‘REGISTERED’ is displayed in the STATUS field. Verify
the information displayed in the Current Registration window is correct.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
549
Additional Features
Disable/Enable Iridium Transceiver
Iridium telephone and data communications may be turned on or off by performing these simple steps.
Disabling/enabling telephone and low speed data services:
1) Turn the large FMS Knob on the MFD to select the AUX page group.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to select REPORTS/DATA LINK.
3) If necessary, select the REPORTS Softkey. The AUX-Report Status Page is now displayed as shown in Figure
8-76.
Figure 8-76 Report Status Page
4) Press the MENU Key. The Page Menu window is now displayed as seen in Figure 8-77.
5) Turn the FMS Knob to select ‘Disable Iridium Transmission’ in the menu list.
Figure 8-77 Select Disable Iridium Transmission
6) Press the ENT Key. The Iridium transceiver is now disabled.
7) To enable the Iridium transceiver, repeat steps 1 through 4, then select ‘Enable Iridium Transceiver’.
550
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Additional Features
Telephone Communication
The pilot or copilot can place and answer calls on the Iridium satellite network as well as to or from the
telephone handset in the cabin. Calls can also be answered or made from the cabin phone, however, only
actions initiated from the cockpit phone will be discussed here. See the cabin handset user guide for more
information. Control and monitoring of telephone functions are accomplished through the AUX-TELEPHONE
Page.
Viewing the Telephone Page:
1) Turn the large FMS Knob on the MFD to select the AUX page group.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to select SATELLITE PHONE.
3) If necessary, select the TEL Softkey to display the AUX-TELEPHONE Page.
The phone status display, as shown in Figure 8-78, gives a graphical representation of the current
disposition of voice and/or data transmissions. Table 8-5 describes symbology used on Phone Status display.
Satellite
Signal
Strength
External
Phone
Internal
Phones
Figure 8-78 Phone Status Display
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
551
Additional Features
Internal
Phone
External
Phone
Description
Phone is Idle
Phone is ringing
Phone has a dial tone (off hook) or connected to another phone
Phone dialed is busy
Phone is dialing another phone
Phone has failed
Phone status not known
Phone is disabled
Phone is reserved for data transmission
Calling other phone or incoming call from other phone
Other phone is on hold
Phones are connected
Table 8-5 Telephone Symbols
552
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Additional Features
Incoming Calls
When viewing MFD pages other than the AUX-TELEPHONE Page, a pop-up alert similar to Figure 8-79
will be displayed and an aural alert “Incoming Call” will be heard. If the call is from the cabin, CABIN will be
displayed as seen in Figure 8-79. If the incoming call is an Iridium network call, IRIDIUM will be displayed.
The pop-up alert may be inhibited at times, such as during takeoff. In addition to the pop-up alert, a ringing
phone symbol will be displayed to the right of the MFD page title as shown in Figure 8-79. Also, the voice
alert “Incoming Call” will be heard on the selected cockpit audio.
Incoming Call Pop-up
Incoming Call Symbol on MFD Page
Figure 8-79 Incoming Call
Answering an incoming call in the cockpit:
1) Press the TEL Key on the appropriate audio panel.
2) Select the ANSWER Softkey on the MFD.
Or:
While viewing the AUX-TELEPHONE Page:
NOTE: The Push-to-Talk switch is not utilized for telephone communication. The microphone is active after
selecting the ANSWER Softkey, and stays active until the call is terminated.
1) Press the TEL Key on the appropriate audio panel.
2) Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu.
3) Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘Answer Incoming Call’.
4) Press the ENT Key.
Selecting the IGNORE Softkey will extinguish the pop-up window and leave the current call unanswered.
Selecting the IGNRE ALL Softkey will extinguish the pop-up window for the current and all future incoming
calls and leave the current call unanswered. Selecting the TEL Softkey will display the AUX-TELEPHONE
Page allowing additional call information to be viewed before answering.
Disabling incoming call alerts:
1) With the AUX-TELEPHONE Page displayed, press the MENU Key on the MFD to display the Page Menu.
2) Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘Disable Incoming Call Alerts’.
3) Press the ENT Key. The voice and pop-up alert will not be displayed now when an incoming call is received.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
553
Additional Features
Outgoing Calls
Voice calls can be made from the cockpit to the handset in the cabin, or to an external phone through the
Iridium Satellite Network.
Making a call to the cabin:
1) Press the TEL Key on the appropriate audio panel.
2) Select the DIAL Softkey on the MFD. A display similar to Figure 8-80 will be shown.
Figure 8-80 Initiating a Cabin Call
3) Press the ENT Key. The cursor will move from ‘CABIN’ to ‘OK’.
554
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Additional Features
4) Press the ENT Key again. The cabin phone will now ring as seen in Figure 8-81.
Figure 8-81 Cabin Phone Ringing
When the cabin phone is answered, the connection is established as shown in Figure 8-82. To exit the call,
select the HANGUP Softkey.
Figure 8-82 Cabin Phone Answered
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
555
Additional Features
Making an external call from the cockpit using the Iridium satellite network:
1) Press the TEL Key on the appropriate audio panel.
2) Select the DIAL Softkey on the MFD. A display similar to Figure 8-83 will be shown.
Figure 8-83 Initiating an External Call
3) Turn the small FMS Knob to select ‘IRIDIUM’ as seen in Figure 8-84.
Figure 8-84 Selecting the Iridium Satellite System
556
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Additional Features
4) Press the ENT Key. The cursor has now moved to the phone number entry field as shown in Figure 8-85.
Figure 8-85 Enter Phone Number
5) Enter the desired telephone number (country code first) by selecting the number softkeys on the MFD or by
pressing the numeric keys on the MFD Control Unit.
6) Press the ENT Key. ‘OK’ is highlighted as in Figure 8-86.
Figure 8-86 Make the Call
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
557
Additional Features
7) Press the ENT Key. The system will begin calling the number, as in Figure 8-87.
Figure 8-87 System is Making the Connection
When the phone is answered, the connection is established as shown in Figure 8-88. To exit the call, select
the HANGUP Softkey.
Figure 8-88 Phone is Answered, Connection Complete
558
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Additional Features
Placing The Cockpit Phone on Hold
Placing a call on hold:
Select the HOLD Softkey on the MFD.
Or:
1) Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu.
2) Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘Put Current Call On Hold’.
3) Press the ENT Key.
The cockpit phone is now isolated from the call as seen in Figure 8-89. This figure illustrates a conference
call between the cockpit, cabin, and an external phone in which the cockpit phone has been put on hold.
Select the HOLD Softkey again to resume the call.
Figure 8-89 Cockpit Phone on Hold
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
559
Additional Features
Transferring a Call from the Cockpit
From the cockpit phone, an external call can be transferred to the cabin phone, or a call with the cabin
phone can be transferred to an external phone, or (when two Iridium Transceivers are installed) an external
call can be transferred to another external phone.
Transferring a call:
1) Select the TRANS Softkey on the MFD.
Or:
a) Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu.
b) Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘Transfer Current Call’.
c) Press the ENT Key.
A window similar to that shown in Figure 8-90 will be displayed. In this example, an active call to the cabin
is transferred to an external number. Therefore, the window shows the ‘Iridium’ option. If the active call is
with an external phone, ‘CABIN’ would be the option.
Figure 8-90 Enter Phone Number to Receive Transferred Call
2) Press the ENT Key. The cursor now highlights the phone number entry field.
3) Enter the phone number to which the call is being transferred, as discussed earlier for making an external call
on the Iridium satellite network.
4) Press the ENT Key. ‘OK’ is now highlighted.
560
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Additional Features
5) Press the ENT Key again to place the call as shown in Figure 8-91.
Figure 8-91 Call Transfer to an External Phone
When the external phone is answered, the call connection is indicated as in Figure 8-92.
Figure 8-92 Call Transfer Complete
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
561
Additional Features
Making a Conference Call from the Cockpit
The cabin or an external phone (two external phones if two Iridium Transceivers are installed) can be added
to a call already in progress.
Adding another phone to an active call:
1) Select the CONF Softkey on the MFD.
Or:
a) Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu.
b) Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘Conference Current Call’.
c) Press the ENT Key.
A window similar to that shown in Figure 8-93 will be displayed. In this example, an external phone will
be added to an active call to the cabin. Therefore, the window shows the ‘Iridium’ option. If the active call
is with an external phone, ‘CABIN’ would be the option.
Figure 8-93 Initiate a Conference Call
2) Press the ENT Key. The cursor now highlights the phone number entry field.
3) Enter the phone number to be added to the call, as discussed earlier for making an external call on the Iridium
satellite network.
4) Press the ENT Key. ‘OK’ is now highlighted.
562
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Additional Features
5) Press the ENT Key again to place the call as shown in Figure 8-94.
Figure 8-94 Conference in External Phone
When the external phone is answered, the call connection is indicated as in Figure 8-95.
Figure 8-95 External Phone Added
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
563
Additional Features
Text Messaging (SMS)
The pilot or copilot can send and receive text messages on the Iridium satellite network. Messages may be
sent to an email address or text message capable cellular telephone. Message length is limited to 160 characters,
including the email address.
The text messaging user interface is mainly through the AUX-TEXT MESSAGING Page.
Viewing the Text Messaging Page:
1) Turn the large FMS Knob on the MFD to select the AUX page group.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the SATELLITE PHONE.
3) If necessary, select the SMS Softkey to display the AUX-TEXT MESSAGING Page as shown in Figure 8-96.
Figure 8-96 Text Messaging Page
564
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Additional Features
Message Symbol
Description
Received text message that has not been opened
Received text message that has been opened
Saved text message, draft not sent
System is sending text message
Text message has been sent
System failed to send text message
Predefined text message
Table 8-6 Text Message Symbols
Viewing a Text Message When Received
When viewing MFD pages other than the AUX-TEXT MESSAGING Page, a pop-up alert similar to Figure
8-97 will be displayed when a new text message is received.
New Text Message Pop-up
New Text Message Symbol on MFD Page
Figure 8-97 New Text Message Received
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
565
Additional Features
Select the VIEW Softkey to view the message (Figure 8-98). Selecting the IGNORE Softkey will extinguish
the pop-up window and leave the text message unopened. Selecting the IGNR ALL Softkey will extinguish
the pop-window and ignore all future incoming text messages. Selecting the SMS Softkey will display the
AUX-TEXT MESSAGING Page.
Figure 8-98 Text Message Displayed from Pop-Up Alert
The pop-up alerts may be enabled or disabled through the Page Menu.
566
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Additional Features
Enabling/disabling incoming text message pop-up alerts:
1) With the AUX-TEXT MESSAGING Page displayed, press the MENU Key on the MFD to display the Page Menu.
2) Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘Disable New Message Popups’ or ‘Enable New Message
Popups’.
3) Press the ENT Key. The pop-up alert will not be displayed when an incoming text message is received.
Figure 8-99 Disabling New Text Message Pop-Ups
Reply to a Text Message
After reading a text message, a reply may be sent.
Replying to a text message:
While viewing the text message, select the REPLY Softkey.
Or:
1) Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu.
2) Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘Reply To Message’.
3) Press the ENT Key.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
567
Additional Features
Sending a Text Message
Text messages may be sent from the AUX-TEXT MESSAGING Page.
Sending a new text message:
1) While viewing the AUX-TEXT MESSAGING Page, select the NEW Softkey.
Or:
a) Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu.
b) Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘Draft New Message’.
c) Press the ENT Key.
Figure 8-100 Composing a New Text Message
2) The Text Message Draft Window is now displayed with the cursor in the ‘TO’ field. Enter the desired
telephone number or email address. Entry can be accomplished through the alphanumeric keys on the MFD
Controller, or combination of the FMS Knob on the controller and softkeys on the MFD. The FMS Knob is used
to enter letters and numbers, or numbers can be entered from the MFD by selecting the NUMBERS Softkey.
Select the CAP LOCK Softkey to create upper and lower case alpha characters. Special characters can be
accessed by selecting the SYMBOLS Softkey. See Figure 8-100.
3) Press the ENT Key. The cursor is now displayed in the ‘MESSAGE’ field.
4) Enter the desired message using any combination of entry methods as described in step 2.
5) Press the ENT Key.
6) Select the SEND Softkey to send the message immediately, or select the SAVE Softkey to save the message in
Outbox for sending at a later time. Select the CANCEL Softkey to delete the message.
568
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Additional Features
Predefined Text Messages
Time and effort can be saved in typing text messages that are used repeatedly by saving these messages as
a predefined message.
Creating a predefined text message:
1) While viewing the AUX-TEXT MESSAGING Page, press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu.
Figure 8-101 Creating/Editing Predefined Messages
2) Turn either FMS Knob to select ‘Edit Predefined Messages’ as shown in Figure 8-101.
3) Press the ENT Key. The Predefined Messages view is now displayed.
4) Select the NEW Softkey.
Or:
a) Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu.
b) Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘Draft New Predefined Message’.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
569
Additional Features
c) Press the ENT Key. The Predefined SMS Text Message Window is now displayed as shown in Figure 8-102.
Figure 8-102 Composing a Predefined Message
5) The cursor is displayed in the ‘TITLE’ field. Enter the desired message title. Entry can be accomplished through
the alphanumeric keys on the MFD Controller, or combination of the FMS Knob on the controller and softkeys
on the MFD. The FMS Knob is used to enter letters and numbers, or numbers can be entered from the MFD
by selecting the NUMBERS Softkey. Select the CAP LOCK Softkey to create upper and lower case alpha
characters. Special characters can be accessed by selecting the SYMBOLS Softkey.
6) Press the ENT Key. The cursor is now displayed in the ‘MESSAGE’ field.
7) Enter the desired message using any combination of entry methods as described in step 5.
8) Press the ENT Key.
9) Select the SAVE Softkey. The new predefined message is now shown in the displayed list. Selecting the
CANCEL Softkey will delete the message without saving.
10) Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu.
11) Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘Stop Editing Predefined Message’.
12) Press the ENT Key.
Sending a predefined text message:
1) While viewing the AUX-TEXT MESSAGING Page, select the NEW Softkey.
2) The Text Message Draft Window is now displayed with the cursor in the ‘TO’ field. Enter the desired
telephone number or email address. Entry can be accomplished through the alphanumeric keys on the MFD
Controller, or combination of the FMS Knob on the controller and softkeys on the MFD. The FMS Knob is used
to enter letters and numbers, or numbers can be entered from the MFD by selecting the NUMBERS Softkey.
Select the CAP LOCK Softkey to create upper and lower case alpha characters. Special characters can be
accessed by selecting the SYMBOLS Softkey. See Figure 8-103.
570
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Additional Features
3) Press the ENT Key. The cursor is now displayed in the ‘MESSAGE’ field (Figure 8-103).
Figure 8-103 Composing a New Text Message
4) Select the PREDEFD Softkey. The Predefined Message Menu Window is displayed as seen in Figure 8-104.
Figure 8-104 Predefined Message List
5) Turn either FMS Knob to select the desired predefined message.
6) Press the ENT Key. The predefined message text is inserted into the message field. If desired, the message can
be edited by using the FMS Knobs.
7) Press the ENT Key.
8) Select the SEND Softkey to transmit the message.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
571
Additional Features
Text Message Boxes
Received text messages reside in the Inbox as ‘Read’ or ‘Unread’ messages. The Outbox contains ‘Sent” and
‘Unsent’ text messages. Saved messages that are meant to be sent later are stored as Drafts. Each text message
box may be viewed separately, or together in any combination.
Show Inbox messages:
While viewing the AUX-TEXT MESSAGING Page, select the ARRANGE Softkey, then select the INBOX Softkey
(Figure 8-105).
Or:
1) Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu.
2) Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘Show Inbox Messages’.
3) Press the ENT Key. The message box selected for viewing is indicated at the bottom left of the list window.
Figure 8-105 Text Message Inbox
Show Outbox messages:
While viewing the AUX-TEXT MESSAGING Page, select the ARRANGE Softkey, then select the OUTBOX
Softkey.
Or:
1) Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu.
2) Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘Show Outbox Messages’.
3) Press the ENT Key. The message box selected for viewing is indicated at the bottom left of the list window.
572
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Additional Features
Show Draft messages:
While viewing the AUX-TEXT MESSAGING Page, select the ARRANGE Softkey, then select the DRAFTS
Softkey.
Or:
1) Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu.
2) Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘Show Draft Messages’.
3) Press the ENT Key. The message box selected for viewing is indicated at the bottom left of the list window.
Managing Text Messages
The viewed messages may be listed according to the date/time the message was sent or received, the type of
message (read, unread, sent, unsent, etc.), or by message address.
Viewing messages sorted by message date/time:
While viewing the AUX-TEXT MESSAGING Page, select the ARRANGE Softkey, then select the TIME Softkey
(Figure 8-105).
Or:
1) Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu.
2) Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘Sort By Date/Time’.
3) Press the ENT Key. The sorting selection is indicated at the bottom center of the list window (Figure 8-105).
Viewing messages sorted by message type:
While viewing the AUX-TEXT MESSAGING Page, select the ARRANGE Softkey, then select the TYPE Softkey.
Or:
1) Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu.
2) Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘Sort By Type’.
3) Press the ENT Key. The sorting selection is indicated at the bottom center of the list window.
Viewing messages sorted by address:
While viewing the AUX-TEXT MESSAGING Page, select the ARRANGE Softkey, then select the ADDRESS
Softkey.
Or:
1) Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu.
2) Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘Sort By Address’.
3) Press the ENT Key. The sorting selection is indicated at the bottom center of the list window.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
573
Additional Features
Viewing the content of a text message:
1) While viewing the AUX-TEXT MESSAGING Page, select the desired message box.
2) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
3) Turn either FMS Knob to select the desired message.
4) Select the VIEW Softkey.
Or:
Press the ENT Key.
Or:
a) Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu.
b) Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘View Selected Message’.
c) Press the ENT Key.
Message content is displayed as shown in Figure 8-106.
Figure 8-106 Viewing Message Content
5) To close the text message, select the CLOSE Softkey.
Or:
a) Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu.
b) Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘Close Message’.
c) Press the ENT Key.
574
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Additional Features
Marking selected message as read:
1) While viewing the Inbox on the AUX-TEXT MESSAGING Page, press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
2) Turn either FMS Knob to select the desired message.
3) Select the MRK READ Softkey.
Or:
a) Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu.
b) Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘Mark Selected Message As Read’.
c) Press the ENT Key.
The message symbol now indicates the message has been opened.
Marking all messages as read:
1) While viewing the Inbox on the AUX-TEXT MESSAGING Page, press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu.
2) Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘Mark All New Messages As Read’.
3) Press the ENT Key. A confirmation window is displayed.
4) With cursor highlighting ‘YES’, press the ENT Key. The message symbols now indicate all the message have
been opened.
Delete a message:
1) While viewing the Inbox on the AUX-TEXT MESSAGING Page, press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
2) Turn either FMS Knob to select the desired message.
3) Select the DELETE Softkey.
Or:
a) Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu.
b) Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘Delete Selected Message’.
c) Press the ENT Key.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
575
Additional Features
WI-FI Connections
The system can connect to a IEEE 802.11g compatible network provided the aircraft is on the ground and
located within range of the network. The system is capable of WEP64, WEP128,WPA-PSK, and WPA2-PSK
encryption formats. WPA-Enterprise and WPA2-Enterprise are not supported. Connections that require web
proxies, captive portals, or other elements that require user credentials, including a username and password or
a redemption or access code; or require action such as accepting a user agreement, are not supported.
Control and monitoring of Wi-Fi functions are accomplished through the AUX-WI-FI SETUP Page.
Viewing the Wi-Fi Setup Page:
1) Turn the large FMS Knob on the MFD to select the AUX page group.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to select REPORTS/DATA LINK.
3) If necessary, select the WI-FI Softkey to display the AUX-WI-FI SETUP Page as shown in Figure 8-107.
Setting up a new Wi-Fi connection:
1) Select the AVAIL Softkey on the MFD. A list of available networks will be displayed in the AVAILABLE NETWORKS
window as shown in Figure 8-107. Signal strength is shown for each network, as well as security methods and
whether the network has been saved in the system’s memory.
Figure 8-107 Available Wi-Fi Networks
2) If necessary, select the RESCAN Softkey to have the system scan again for available networks.
Or:
a) Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu.
b) Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘Rescan Available Networks’.
c) Press the ENT Key.
576
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Additional Features
3) Press the FMS Knob to place the cursor in the list of networks.
4) Turn either FMS Knob to select the desired network. See Figure 8-108.
Figure 8-108 Desired Network Selected
5) Select the CONNECT Softkey.
Or:
a) Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu.
b) Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘Connect To Selected Network’.
c) Press the ENT Key.
6) If the network is secured, a window similar to Figure 8-109 will be displayed in order to enter the necessary
passcode. Use the FMS Knobs to enter the desired alpha numeric characters. Select the CAP LOCK Softkey to
enter upper case letters. If there is no security associated with the network, proceed to step 9.
Figure 8-109 Enter Security Code
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
577
Additional Features
7) Press the ENT Key. ‘OK’ will be highlighted.
8) Press the ENT Key again.
9) The SAVE SETTINGS window is now displayed with the cursor highlighting ‘SAVE CONNECTION’.
Figure 8-110 Save Option
10) The selected network can be saved to system memory to make re-connection easier at a later time.
Connecting the selected network without saving:
a) Turn the large FMS Knob to move the cursor to highlight ‘CONNECT’.
b) Press the ENT Key.
Saving and connecting the selected network:
a) Press the ENT Key. A checkmark is placed in the checkbox and the cursor moves to the airport field as shown
in Figure 8-111.
b) Using the FMS Knobs, enter an airport identifier to be associated with the saved network. This aids in identifying
the network later in the event of duplicate network names.
c) Press the ENT Key. The cursor moves to ‘CONNECT’.
d) Press the ENT Key again to connect to the selected network.
Figure 8-111 Save Connection
578
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Additional Features
Editing a saved network:
1) While viewing list of saved networks, press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor as seen in Figure 8-112.
2) Turn either FMS Knob to highlight the network to be edited.
3) Pressing the ENT Key at this point will check or uncheck the AUTO CONNECT checkbox. When a checkmark is
present, the system will automatically connect to the network when within range.
Figure 8-112 Select Network to be Edited
4) Select the EDIT Softkey. The cursor now appears in the CONNECTION SETTINGS window as shown in Figure 8-113.
Figure 8-113 Select Attributes to Edit
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
579
Additional Features
5) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the network attribute to be edited.
6) Turn the small FMS Knob to begin editing the field.
7) When the entry is complete, press the ENT Key.
8) Turn the large FMS Knob or press the ENT Key until ‘SAVE’ is highlighted.
9) Press the ENT Key.
Disconnecting a Wi-Fi network:
Select the DISCNCT Softkey.
Or:
1) Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu.
2) Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘Disconnect From Network’.
3) Press the ENT Key.
Deleting a saved Wi-Fi network:
1) While viewing the list of saved networks, press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
2) Turn either FMS Knob to highlight the network to be deleted.
3) Select the DELETE Softkey. The selected network is removed from the list.
580
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Additional Features
System Data Logging
NOTE: An account must be established with Garmin Flight Data Services to make full use of the System Data
Logging feature.
The system provides recording of CAS and CMC messages that occur while the aircraft is on the ground or in
flight, including engine trend and exceedance data and flight phase transition logs. The logged data will include
the message time and the message state (active, inactive or inhibited).
Additionally, the system is capable of logging data packets from the High Speed Data Bus.
The recorded data is then assembled into reports that can be transmitted to Garmin Flight Data Services
using any of three data transmission methods (Wi-Fi, Iridium RUDICS, and Iridium Short Burst Data). The
system selects the appropriate transmission method based on parameters set by the aircraft manufacturer and
communication network availability. Data transmission may be initiated manually when the airplane is on the
ground.
If report transmission is interrupted for some reason (e.g. networks unavailable, hardware failure, loss of
power), the system will attempt to resume sending the reports at the next opportunity. The system ensures the
complete data set is transmitted.
Transmitted reports remain in the system’s memory until they are overwritten by newer data.
Control and monitoring of report transmissions is accomplished through the AUX-REPORT STATUS Page as
seen in Figure 8-114.
Viewing the Report Status Page:
1) Turn the large FMS Knob on the MFD to select the AUX page group.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to select REPORTS/DATA LINK.
3) If necessary, select the REPORT Softkey to display the AUX-REPORT STATUS Page.
Figure 8-114 Report Status Page
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
581
Additional Features
Changing transmission method:
1) While viewing the Report Status Page, press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to move the cursor to the 1st or 2nd transmit method for the desired data report.
3) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the desired option (SAT SHORT BURST, SAT RUDICS, WI-FI, or NONE) as
shown in Figure 8-115. Sat Short Burst is generally used for transmission of data packets less than 300 bytes.
Wi-Fi is used only when the aircraft on the ground and the system is connected to a Wi-Fi network.
4) Press the ENT Key.
Figure 8-115 Select Transmission Method
Enabling/disabling automatic send for Automatic Test Reports:
1) While viewing the Report Status Page, press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to move the cursor to the AUTOMATIC SEND field.
3) Turn the small FMS Knob to select ENABLED or DISABLED.
4) Press the ENT Key.
Enabling/disabling periodic send for Periodic Test Reports:
1) While viewing the Report Status Page, press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to move the cursor to the PERIODIC SEND field.
3) Turn the small FMS Knob to select ENABLED or DISABLED.
4) Press the ENT Key.
582
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Additional Features
Sending a transmission manually:
NOTE: Manual transmission of data can only be performed while the aircraft is on the ground.
1) While viewing the Report Status Page, press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to move the cursor to the SEND button on the desired data report.
3) Press the ENT Key.
Sending all unsent data:
1) While viewing the Report Status Page, press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to move the cursor to the SEND button on the desired data report.
3) Press the ENT Key. The Send Report window is displayed as shown in Figure 8-116.
4) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the ‘select data to send’ field.
5) Turn the small FMS Knob to select ‘all unsent data’.
6) Press the ENT Key.
Figure 8-116 Select Data to Send
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
583
Additional Features
Re-sending data or sending data recorded in a specific time frame:
1) While viewing the Report Status Page, press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to move the cursor to the SEND button on the desired data report.
3) Press the ENT Key. The Send Report window is displayed as shown in Figure 8-117.
4) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the ‘select data to send’ field.
5) Turn the small FMS Knob to select ‘data within time frame’.
Figure 8-117 Select Data Within a Specific Time Frame
584
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Additional Features
6) Press the ENT Key. The time frame selection fields are now displayed as shown in Figure 8-118.
7) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the starting time or date field.
8) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the desired starting time or date.
Figure 8-118 Set Starting & Ending Time or Date for Time Frame
9) Press the ENT Key. The cursor will move to the next field.
10) When the last field is addressed, ‘OK’ will be highlighted as seen in Figure 8-119. Press the ENT Key to send
the selected data.
Figure 8-119 Select OK to Send Data
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
585
Additional Features
Restoring Reports Page options to default settings:
1) While viewing the Report Status Page, press the MENU Key.
2) Turn the FMS Knob to select ‘Restore Defaults’ in the menu list as shown in Figure 8-120.
3) Press the ENT Key.
Figure 8-120 Restore Defaults
4) A confirmation window as shown in Figure 8-121 is now displayed.
Figure 8-121 Restore Defaults Confirmation
5) Turn the large FMS Knob to select ‘YES’ or ‘NO’.
6) With ‘YES’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
586
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Additional Features
8.7XM Radio Entertainment
Note: Refer to the Hazard Avoidance Section for information about XM Weather products.
The optional XM Radio entertainment feature of the GDL 69A Data Link Receiver is available for the pilot’s and
passengers’ enjoyment. The GDL 69A can receive XM Satellite Radio® entertainment services at any altitude
throughout the Continental U.S. Entertainment audio is not available on the GDL 69 Data Link Receiver.
XM Satellite Radio offers a variety of radio programming over long distances without having to constantly
search for new stations. Based on signals from satellites, coverage far exceeds land-based transmissions.
XM Satellite Radio services are subscription-based. For more information on specific service packages, visit
www.xmradio.com.
Activating XM Satellite Radio Services
The service is activated by providing XM Satellite Radio with either one or two coded IDs, depending on the
equipment. Either the Audio Radio ID or the Data Radio ID, or both, must be provided to XM Satellite Radio
to activate the entertainment subscription.
It is not required to activate both the entertainment and weather service subscriptions with the GDL 69A.
Either or both services can be activated. XM Satellite Radio uses one or both of the coded IDs to send an
activation signal that, when received by the GDL 69A, allows it to play entertainment programming.
These IDs are located:
• On the label on the back of the Data Link Receiver
• On the XM Information Page on the MFD (Figure 8-122)
• On the XM Satellite Radio Activation Instructions included with the unit (available at www.garmin.com, P/N
190-00355-04)
Contact the installer if the Data Radio ID and the Audio Radio ID cannot be located.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
587
Additional Features
NOTE: The LOCK Softkey on the XM Information Page (Auxiliary Page Group) is used to save GDL 69A
activation data when the XM services are initially set up. It is not used during normal XM Radio operation,
but there should be no adverse effects if inadvertently selected during flight. Refer to the GDL 69/69A XM
Satellite Radio Activation Instructions (190-00355-04, Rev H or later) for further information.
Activating the XM Satellite Radio services:
1) Contact XM WX Satellite Radio through the e-mail address listed on their website (www.xmradio.com) or by the
customer service phone number listed on the website. Follow the instructions provided by XM Satellite Radio
services.
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the AUX Page Group.
3) Turn the small FMS Knob to select XM RADIO.
4) Select the INFO Softkey to display the XM Information Page.
5) Verify that the desired services are activated.
6) Select the LOCK Softkey.
7) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight YES.
8) To complete activation, press the ENT Key.
Data
Radio ID
Audio
Radio ID
Weather
Products
Window
LOCK Softkey
is Used to Save
Activation Data
During Initial
Setup
RADIO
and INFO
Softkeys
Figure 8-122 XM Information Page
If XM weather services have not been activated, all the weather product boxes are blank on the XM Information
Page and a yellow Activation Required message is displayed in the center of the Weather Data Link Page (Map
Page Group). The Service Class refers to the groupings of weather products available for subscription.
588
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Additional Features
Using XM Radio
The XM Radio Page provides information and control of the audio entertainment features of the XM Satellite
Radio.
Selecting the XM Radio Page:
1) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the AUX Page Group.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to select XM RADIO.
3) Select the RADIO Softkey to show the XM Radio Page where audio entertainment is controlled.
Active
Channels
Channel
List
Categories
Field
Figure 8-123 XM Radio Page
Active Channel and Channel List
The Active Channel Box on the XM Radio Page displays the currently selected channel that the XM Radio
is using.
The Channels List Box of the XM Radio Page shows a list of the available channels for the selected category.
Channels can be stepped through one at a time or may be selected directly by channel number.
Selecting a channel from the channel list:
1) While on the XM Radio Page, select the CHNL Softkey.
2) Select the CH + Softkey to go up through the list in the Channel Box, or move down the list with the
CH – Softkey.
Or:
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
589
Additional Features
1) Press the FMS Knob to highlight the channel list and turn the large FMS Knob to scroll through the channels.
2) Press the ENT Key to activate the selected channel.
Selecting a channel directly:
1) While on the XM Radio Page, select the CHNL Softkey.
2) Select the DIR CH Softkey. The channel number in the Active Channel Box is highlighted.
3) Select the numbered softkeys located on the bottom of the display to directly select the desired channel
number.
4) Press the ENT Key to activate the selected channel.
Category
The Category Box of the XM Radio Page displays the currently selected category of audio. Categories of
channels such as jazz, rock, or news can be selected to list the available channels for a type of music or other
contents. One of the optional categories is PRESETS to view channels that have been programmed.
Selecting a category:
1) Select the CATGRY Softkey on the XM Radio Page.
2) Select the CAT + and CAT - Softkeys to cycle through the categories.
Or:
Turn the small FMS Knob to display the Categories list. Highlight the desired category with the small FMS Knob
and press the ENT Key. Selecting All Categories places all channels in the list.
Figure 8-124 Categories List
590
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Additional Features
Presets
Up to 15 channels from any category can be assigned a preset number. The preset channels are selected by
selecting the PRESETS and MORE Softkeys. Then the preset channel can be selected directly and added to
the channel list for the Presets category.
Setting a preset channel number:
1) On the XM Radio Page, while listening to an Active Channel that is wanted for a preset, select the PRESETS
Softkey to access the first five preset channels (PS1 - PS5).
2) Select the MORE Softkey to access the next five channels (PS6 – PS10), and again to access the last five
channels (PS11 – PS15). Selecting the MORE Softkey repeatedly cycles through the preset channels.
3) Select any one of the (PS1 - PS15) softkeys to assign a number to the active channel.
4) Select the SET Softkey on the desired channel number to save the channel as a preset.
Select PRESETS to
Access the Preset
Channels Softkeys
Select MORE to Cycle
Through the Preset
Channels
Select SET
to Save Each
Preset Channel
Figure 8-125 Accessing and Selecting XM Preset Channels
Selecting the BACK Softkey, or 45 seconds of softkey inactivity, returns the system to the top level softkeys.
Volume
Radio volume is shown as a percentage. Volume level is controlled by selecting the VOL Softkey, which
brings up the MUTE Softkey and the volume increase and decrease softkeys.
Adjusting the volume:
1) With the XM Radio Page displayed, select the VOL Softkey.
2) Select the VOL – Softkey to reduce volume or select the VOL + Softkey to increase volume. (Once the VOL
Softkey is selected, the volume can also be adjusted using the small FMS Knob.)
3) Select the MUTE Softkey to mute the audio. Select the MUTE Softkey again to unmute the audio.
Radio volume may also be adjusted at each passenger station.
Figure 8-126 Volume Control
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
591
Additional Features
8.8Scheduler
The Scheduler feature can be used to enter and display reminder messages (e.g., Hot Section Inspection or
Phase 1 Maintenance Check) in the Messages Window on the PFD. Messages can be set to display based on a
specific date and time (event), once the message timer reaches zero (one-time; default setting), or recurrently
whenever the message timer reaches zero (periodic). Message timers set to periodic alerting automatically reset
to the original timer value once the message is displayed. When power is cycled, all messages are retained until
deleted, and message timer countdown is resumed.
Figure 8-127 Scheduler (Utility Page)
Entering a scheduler message:
1) Select the AUX - Utility Page.
2) Press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the first empty scheduler message naming field.
4) Use the FMS Knob to enter the message text to be displayed in the Messages Window and press the ENT
Key.
5) Press the ENT Key again or use the large FMS Knob to move the cursor to the field next to Type.
6) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the message type:
• Event—Message issued at the specified date/time
• One-time—Message issued when the message timer reaches zero (default setting)
• Periodic—Message issued each time the message timer reaches zero
592
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Additional Features
7) Press the ENT Key again or use the large FMS Knob to move the cursor to the next field.
8) For periodic and one-time message, use the FMS Knob to enter the timer value (HH:MM:SS) from which to
countdown and press the ENT Key.
9) For event-based messages:
a) Use the FMS Knob to enter the desired date (DD-MM-YY) and press the ENT Key.
b) Press the ENT Key again or use the large FMS Knob to move the cursor to the next field.
c) Use the FMS Knob to enter the desired time (HH:MM) and press the ENT Key.
10) Press the ENT Key again or use the large FMS Knob to move the cursor to enter the next message.
Deleting a scheduler message:
1) Select the AUX - Utility Page.
2) Press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the name field of the scheduler message to be deleted.
4) Press the CLR Key to clear the message text. If the CLR Key is pressed again, the message is restored.
5) Press the ENT Key while the message line is cleared to clear the message text.
Scheduler messages appear in the Messages Window on the PFD. When a scheduler message is waiting, the
MSG Softkey label flashes. Selecting the MSG Softkey opens the Messages Window and acknowledges the
scheduler message. Selecting the MSG Softkey again removes the Messages Window from the display, and the
scheduler message is deleted from the message queue.
Figure 8-128 PFD Messages Window
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
593
Additional Features
8.9Electronic Checklists
NOTE: The optional checklists presented here are for example only and may differ from checklists available
for the Phenom 100. The information described in this section is not intended to replace the checklist
information described in the POH.
NOTE: Garmin is not responsible for the content of checklists. Checklists are created by the aircraft
manufacturer. Modifications or updates to the checklists are coordinated through the aircraft manufacturer.
The user cannot edit these checklists.
The optional checklist functions are displayed on two levels of softkeys that are available on any MFD page.
(Optional)
SYSTEM
MAP
DCLTR
SYSTEM
SHW CHRT CHKLIST
EXIT
CHECK
EMERGCY
The CHECK Softkey label changes to UNCHECK
when the checklist item is already checked.
Figure 8-129 Checklist Softkeys
The MFD is able to display optional electronic checklists which allow the pilot to quickly find the proper
procedure on the ground and during each phase of flight. The system accesses the checklists from an SD card
inserted into the top card slot of the MFD. If the SD card contains an invalid checklist file or no checklist,
the Power-up Page messages display ‘Checklist File: Invalid’ or ‘Checklist File: N/A’ (not available) and the
CHKLIST Softkey is not available.
The following colors are used for checklist items:
• Light Blue - Items not selected or checked
• White - Item is selected
• Green - Item has been checked
• Gray - General notes
• Yellow - Caution notes
• Red - Warning notes
Accessing and navigating checklists:
1) From any page on the MFD, select the CHKLIST Softkey or turn the large FMS Knob to select the Checklist
Page.
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the ‘GROUP’ field.
3) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the desired procedure and press the ENT Key.
4) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the ‘Checklist’ field.
5) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the desired checklist and press the ENT Key. The selected checklist item is
indicated with white text surrounded by a white box.
6) Press the ENT Key or select the CHECK Softkey to check the selected checklist item. The line item turns green
and a checkmark is placed in the associated box. The next line item is automatically selected for checking.
Either FMS Knob can be used to scroll through the checklist and select the desired checklist item.
Press the CLR Key or select the UNCHECK Softkey to remove a check mark from an item.
594
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Additional Features
7) When all checklist items have been checked, ‘*Checklist Finished*’ is displayed in green text at the bottom left
of the checklist window and ‘GO TO NEXT CHECKLIST?’ is highlighted. If ‘GO TO NEXT CHECKLIST?’ is selected
prior to checking all the checklist items, ‘*Checklist Not Finished*’ will be displayed in yellow text.
8) Press the ENT Key. If ‘GO TO NEXT CHECKLIST?’ is displayed when pressing the ENT Key, the next checklist in
the group will be displayed. If ‘EXIT CHECKLISTS?’ is displayed when pressing the ENT Key, the system will exit
the Checklist Page.
9) Select the EXIT Softkey to exit the Checklist Page and return to the page last viewed. When returning to the
Checklist Page after pressing the EXIT Softkey, the system will return to the last selected checklist item.
Figure 8-130 Sample Checklist
Accessing emergency procedures:
1) From any page on the MFD, select the CHKLIST Softkey or turn the large FMS Knob to select the Checklist
Page.
2) Select the EMERGCY Softkey.
3) Turn the FMS Knob to select the desired emergency checklist and press the ENT Key.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
595
Additional Features
4) Press the ENT Key or select the CHECK Softkey to check the selected emergency checklist item. The line item
turns green and a checkmark is placed in the box next to it. The next line item is automatically highlighted for
checking.
Either FMS Knob can be used to scroll through the checklist and select the desired checklist item.
Press the CLR Key or select the UNCHECK Softkey to remove a check mark from an item.
5) When all checklist items have been checked, ‘*Checklist Finished*’ is displayed in green text at the bottom left
of the checklist window and ‘GO TO NEXT CHECKLIST?’ is highlighted. If ‘GO TO NEXT CHECKLIST?’ is selected
prior to checking all the checklist items, ‘*Checklist Not Finished*’ will be displayed in yellow text.
6) Press the ENT Key to advance to the next checklist.
7) Select the RETURN Softkey to return to the previous checklist.
8) Select the EXIT Softkey to exit the Checklist Page and return to the page last viewed.
Figure 8-131 Emergency Checklist Page Example
596
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Additional Features
8.10Abnormal Operation
SVS Troubleshooting
SVS is intended to be used with traditional attitude, heading, obstacle, terrain, and traffic inputs. SVS is
disabled when valid attitude or heading data is not available for the display. In case of invalid SVS data, the PFD
display reverts to the standard blue-over-brown attitude display.
SVS becomes disabled without the following data resources:
• Attitude data
• Heading data
• GPS position data
• 9 Arc-second Terrain data
• Obstacle data
• TAWS function is not available, in test mode, or failed
• The position of the aircraft exceeds the range of the terrain database.
Reversionary Mode
SVS can be displayed on the Multifunction Display (MFD) in Reversionary Mode. If it is enabled when switching
to Reversionary Mode, SVS will take up to 30 seconds to be displayed. The standard, non-SVS PFD display will
be shown in the interim.
Figure 8-132 SVS Reversionary Mode
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
597
Additional Features
Unusual Attitudes
Unusual attitudes are displayed with red chevrons overlaid on the display indicating the direction to fly to
correct the unusual attitude condition. The display shows either a brown or blue colored bar at the top or
bottom of the screen to represent earth or sky. This is intended to prevent losing sight of the horizon during
extreme pitch attitudes.
Figure 8-133 Unusual Attitude Display
The blue colored bar is also displayed when terrain gradient is great enough to completely fill the display.
Blue Band
Terrain
Completely
Fills Display
Figure 8-134 Blue Sky Bar with Full Display Terrain
598
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Additional Features
GDL 69/69A Data Link Receiver Troubleshooting
Some quick troubleshooting steps listed below can be performed to find the possible cause of a failure.
• Ensure the owner/operator of the aircraft in which the Data Link Receiver is installed has subscribed to XM
• Ensure the XM subscription has been activated
• Perform a quick check of the circuit breakers to ensure that power is applied to the Data Link Receiver
• Ensure that nothing is plugged into the Music jack(s) because this would prevent XM radio from being
heard
For troubleshooting purposes, check the LRU Information Box on the AUX - System Status Page for Data Link
Receiver (GDL 69/69A) status, serial number, and software version number. If a failure has been detected in the
GDL 69/69A the status is marked with a red X.
Selecting the System Status Page:
1) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the AUX Page Group.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the System Status Page (the last page in the AUX Page Group).
Figure 8-135 LRU Information Window on System Status Page
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
599
Additional Features
If a failure still exists, the following messages may provide insight as to the possible problem:
Message
CHECK ANTENNA
UPDATING
NO SIGNAL
LOADING
OFF AIR
---
Message Location
XM Radio Page - active channel field
XM Radio Page - active channel field
XM Radio Page - active channel field
Weather Datalink Page - center of page
XM Radio Page - active channel field
XM Radio Page - active channel field
XM Radio Page - active channel field
Description
Data Link Receiver antenna error; service required
Data Link Receiver updating encryption code
Loss of signal; signal strength too low for receiver
Acquiring channel audio or information
Channel not in service
Missing channel information
No communication from Data Link Receiver
WEATHER DATA LINK FAILURE Weather Datalink Page - center of page
within last 5 minutes
ACTIVATION REQUIRED
Weather Datalink Page - center of page XM subscription is not activated
Table 8-7 GDL 69/69A Data Link Receiver Error Messages
600
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Appendix A
Annunciations and Alerts
CAS Messages
Warning Messages
See the Airplane Flight Manual (AFM) for recommended pilot actions. Accompanied by a triple chime tone
which repeats until acknowledged.
Message
CAB ALTITUDE HI
DOOR EMER OPEN
DOOR PAX OPEN
E1 FIRE
E2 FIRE
E1 OIL LO PRES
E2 OIL LO PRES
ELEC EMERGENCY
ELEC XFR FAIL
LG LEVER DISAG
NO TO CONFIG
Description
Cabin altitude pressure altitude high
Emergency door open
Passenger door open
Fire in engine 1
Fire in engine 2
Low oil pressure in engine 1
Low oil pressure in engine 2
Generators offline
Generators offline and electrical emergency transfer has failed
Landing gear position and control lever disagreement
No takeoff configuration
Caution Messages
See the Airplane Flight Manual (AFM) for recommended pilot actions. Accompanied by a single chime
tone which repeats until acknowledged.
Message
ADS 1 FAIL
ADS 2 FAIL
ADS 1 HTR FAIL
ADS 2 HTR FAIL
AHRS 1 FAIL
AHRS 2 FAIL
A-I E1 FAIL
A-I E2 FAIL
ANTI-SKID FAIL
AP FAIL
AP PITCH MISTRIM
AP ROLL MISTRIM
AUDIO PNL 1 FAIL
AUDIO PNL 2 FAIL
AURAL WRN FAIL
AUTO PTRIM FAIL
BATT DISCHARGE
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Description
ADS 1 offline or failed
ADS 2 offline or failed
Pitot heater 1 offline or heater element failed
Pitot heater 2 offline or heater element failed
AHRS 1 failure
AHRS 2 failure
Anti-ice system failue in engine 1
Anti-ice system failue in engine 2
Anti-skid function lost; main brake still available
Loss of AP function
Airplane mistrimmed in pitch axis when AP is engaged
Airplane mistrimmed in roll axis when AP is engaged
Audio panel 1 is offline
Audio panel 2 is offline
Aural warning system failure due to non-communicating LRUs
Auto pitch trim failure; other pitch trim functions still available
Battery discharging under normal operation
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
601
Appendix A
Message
Description
BATT 1 OFF BUS Battery 1 offline
BATT 2 OFF BUS Battery 2 offline
BATT EXCEEDANCE Battery voltage has exceeded 29 VDC
Bleed 1 system not under control
BLEED 1 FAIL
Bleed 2 system not under control
BLEED 2 FAIL
Bleed 1 hot air leakage at some region of the ducting
BLEED 1 LEAK
Bleed 2 hot air leakage at some region of the ducting
BLEED 2 LEAK
Main brake system lost
BRK FAIL
CAB DELTA-P FAIL Excessive cabin pressure differential
CLUTCH PIT FAIL Slip clutch maintenance test failed
CLUTCH ROL FAIL Slip clutch maintenance test failed
CLUTCH YAW FAIL Slip clutch maintenance test failed
CONFIG MDL FAIL Master Configuration Module failed or non-communicative
D-I WINGSTB FAIL Deice system in wings and tail failure
DOORBAG AFT OPEN Crew baggage door open
DOORBAG FWD OPEN Forward baggage door open
DUCT 1 OVERTEMP Duct 1 temperature over specified safe value
DUCT 2 OVERTEMP Duct 2 temperature over specified safe value
E1 CTRL FAULT Engine 1 responds slowly or not at all to thrust commands
E2 CTRL FAULT Engine 2 responds slowly or not at all to thrust commands
Uncommanded shutdown detected for engine 1
E1 FAIL
Uncommanded shutdown detected for engine 2
E2 FAIL
E1 FIRE DET FAIL Fire detection system failure in engine 1
E2 FIRE DET FAIL Fire detection system failure in engine 2
Fire extinguisher failure in engine 1
E1 FIREX FAIL
Fire extinguisher failure in engine 2
E2 FIREX FAIL
E1 FUEL IMP BYP Fuel filter impending bypass condition for engine 1
E2 FUEL IMP BYP Fuel filter impending bypass condition for engine 2
Thrust Lever Angle failure for engine 1
E1 TLA FAIL
Thrust Lever Angle failure for engine 2
E2 TLA FAIL
E1 TT0 HTR FAIL Heater failure in engine 1
E2 TT0 HTR FAIL Heater failure in engine 2
Electrical bay over temperature
EBAY OVHT
EMER BRK LO PRES Emergency accumulator pressure below 1800 psi. Few emergency brake functions available.
ENG NO TO DATA No takeoff data entered
Loss of flaps deployment or retraction
FLAP FAIL
FUEL 1 LO LEVEL Low fuel level in tank 1
FUEL 2 LO LEVEL Low fuel level in tank 2
FUEL 1 LO PRES Fuel pressure low in engine 1 feed line
FUEL 2 LO PRES Fuel pressure low in engine 2 feed line
FUEL 1 SOV FAIL Fuel feed SOV 1 closed or unavilable
FUEL 2 SOV FAIL Fuel feed SOV 2 closed or unavilable
FUEL IMBALANCE Fuel is imbalanced between the tanks
602
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Appendix A
Message
FUEL OVERFILL
FUEL XFR FAIL
GEN 1 OFF BUS
GEN 2 OFF BUS
GEN OVLD
GEN START FAULT
GIA 1 FAIL
GIA 2 FAIL
GIA 1 OVHT
GIA 2 OVHT
HYD HI TEMP
HYD LO PRES
LG WOW SYS FAIL
MFD CONFIG
MFD FAULT
MFD OVHT
OXY LO PRES
PARK BRK NOT REL
PAX OXY NO PRES
PFD 1 CONFIG
PFD 2 CONFIG
PFD 1 FAULT
PFD 2 FAULT
PFD 1 OVHT
PFD 2 OVHT
PRESN AUTO FAIL
PTRIM BKP FAIL
PTRIM DISCONNECT
PTRIM NML FAIL
PUSHER FAIL
PUSHER OFF
STBY HTR FAIL
SWPS FAIL
SWPS FAULT
SWPS HTR 1 FAIL
SWPS HTR 2 FAIL
SWPS UNTESTED
TCAS FAIL
WSHLD 1 HTR FAIL
WSHLD 2 HTR FAIL
YD FAIL
YD MISTRIM
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Description
Fuel tank overfilled
Fuel transfer failure
Generator 1 offline
Generator 2 offline
Generator(s) overload
Generator start fault
Failure of GIA 1
Failure of GIA 2
GIA 1 over temperature
GIA 2 over temperature
Hydraulic temperature high
Hydraulic pressure low
Landing gear weight-on-wheels system failure
MFD configuration error
Fault with the MFD
MFD over temperature
Oxygen system pressure low
Parking brake not released
Cabin altitude high and passenger oxygen system pressure low
PFD 1 configuration error
PFD 2 configuration error
Fault with PFD 1
Fault with PFD 2
PFD 1 over temperature
PFD 2 over temperature
Pressurization controller failure
Loss of backup pitch trim actuator
Pitch trim disconnected
Loss of normally-operating pitch trim actuator
Stall Warning & Protection System pusher has failed
Stall Warning Pusher is off
Failure of standby heater
Stall Warning & Protection System inoperative
Stall Warning & Protection System activation angles anticipated to conservative settings
Stall Warning & Protection System heater 1 failure
Stall Warning & Protection System heater 2 failure
Stall Warning & Protection System has not been tested
TCAS I or TCAS II is unavailable
Windshield 1 heater failure
Windshield 2 heater failure
Loss of yaw damper function
Airplane mistrimmed in yaw axis when YD is engaged
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
603
Appendix A
Advisory Messages
See the Airplane Flight Manual (AFM) for recommended pilot actions.
Message
A-I E1 ON
A-I E2 ON
ADS 1 HTR FAULT
ADS 2 HTR FAULT
ADS-AOA HTR ON
AHRS 1 FAULT
AHRS 2 FAULT
AUDIO PNL1 FAULT
AUDIO PNL2 FAULT
AURAL WRN FAULT
AVNX FAN FAIL
BLEED 1 OFF
BLEED 2 OFF
CLUTCH PIT PASS
CLUTCH PIT PROG
CLUTCH ROL PASS
CLUTCH ROL PROG
CLUTCH YAW PASS
CLUTCH YAW PROG
DC BUS 1 OFF
DC BUS 2 OFF
D-I WINGSTB ON
E1 CHIP DETECTED
E2 CHIP DETECTED
E1 FADEC FAULT
E2 FADEC FAULT
Description
De-ice system on in engine 1
De-ice system on in engine 2
Fault in ADS 1 heater
Fault in ADS 2 heater
ADS-AOA probe switch is on
Fault with AHRS 1
Fault with AHRS 2
Fault with audio panel 1
Fault with audio panel 2
Partial loss of aural warning function
Avionics fan failure
Bleed pressure regulator 1 and shut-off valve closed
Bleed pressure regulator 2 and shut-off valve closed
Pitch slip clutch maintenance test passed
Pitch slip clutch maintenance test in progress
Roll slip clutch maintenance test passed
Roll slip clutch maintenance test in progress
Yaw slip clutch maintenance test passed
Yaw slip clutch maintenance test in progress
DC bus 1 offline
DC bus 2 offline
Deice system in wings and tail ON
Chip detected by engine 1 oil chip detector
Chip detected by engine 2 oil chip detector
FADEC fault in engine 1
FADEC fault in engine 2
Emergency accumulator pressure between 1800 and 2300 psi. System still operative, but servicing
EMER BRK CHECK
will be necessary in the near future.
ELEC SYS FAULT Electrical system fault
EMER BUS OFF Emergency bus OFF
ENG EXCEEDANCE Limit exceeded in engine(s) during flight
ENG FIREX DISCH Engine fire extinguisher discharge
ENG NO DISPATCH FADEC detected no dispatch fault condition in engine(s)
FLAP NOT AVAIL Flaps not available
FUEL EQUAL
Fuel quantity asymmetry corrected; XFEED SOV is open
FUEL1 FEED FAULT DC pump on due to low fuel pressure
FUEL2 FEED FAULT DC pump on due to low fuel pressure
FUEL 1 PSW FAIL Fuel pressure switch stuck in “high” position
FUEL 2 PSW FAIL Fuel pressure switch stuck in “high” position
604
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Appendix A
Message
FUEL PUMP 1 FAIL
FUEL PUMP 2 FAIL
GEA 1 FAIL
GEA 2 FAIL
GEA 3 FAIL
GPU CONNECTED
GSD FAIL
HSDB FAULT
HSDB SW REV POS
MFD FAN FAIL
OXY SW NOT AUTO
PFD 1 FAN FAIL
PFD 2 FAN FAIL
PTRIM SW1 FAIL
PTRIM SW2 FAIL
RALT FAIL
RAM AIR FAIL
SHED BUS OFF
SWPS ICE SPEED
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Description
Fuel pump 1 failure
Fuel pump 2 failure
Failure of GEA 1
Failure of GEA 2
Failure of GEA 3
Ground power unit connected to the aircraft
GSD non-communicative
An LRU has stopped communicating over an HSDB
HSDB switch in reversionary position
Failure of MFD fan
Oxygen system switch in manual mode
Failure of PFD 1 fan
Failure of PFD 2 fan
Failure of pilot pitch trim switch
Failure of copilot pitch trim switch
Radar altitude failure
Ram air valve failure
Shed bus off
Stall Warning System activation angles anticipated due to ice conditions
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
605
Appendix A
Comparator Annunciations
The Comparator monitors critical values generated by redundant sensors. If differences in the sensors
exceed a specified amount, this discrepancy will be annunciated in the Comparator Window as a ‘MISCOMP’
(miscompare) as seen in Figure A-1. Note that operating the system in the vicinity of metal buildings or other
metal structures can cause sensor differences that may result in nuisance miscompare annunciations during
start up, shut down, or while taxiing. If one or both of the sensed values are unavailable, it will be annunciated
as a ‘NO COMP’ (no compare). The following is a list of the possible annunciations:
Comparator
Window
Figure A-1 Sensor Comparator Window
Comparator Window Text
Condition
Difference in altitude sensors is > 200 ft.
ALT MISCOMP
If both airspeed sensors detect < 35 kts, this is inhibited.
IAS MISCOMP
If either airspeed sensor detects > 35 kts, and the difference in sensors is > 15 kts.
If either airspeed sensor detects > 80 kts, and the difference in sensors is > 10 kts.
HDG MISCOMP
Difference in heading sensors is > 10º.
PIT MISCOMP
Difference in pitch sensors is > 5º.
ROL MISCOMP
Difference in roll sensors is > 6º.
ALT NO COMP
No data from one or both altitude sensors.
IAS NO COMP
No data from one or both airspeed sensors.
HDG NO COMP
No data from one or both heading sensors.
PIT NO COMP
No data from one or both pitch sensors.
ROL NO COMP
No data from one or both roll sensors..
606
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Appendix A
Reversionary Sensor Annunciations
Reversionary sensor selection is annunciated in the Reversionary Sensor Window, as shown in Figure A-2.
These annunciations reflect reversionary sensors selected on one or both PFDs. Pressing the SENSOR Softkey
gives access to ADC1, ADC2, ADCSTBY, AHRS1, AHRS2, and ATTSTBY Softkeys. These softkeys allow manual
switching of sensors. In the case of certain types of sensor failures, the system may make some sensor selections
automatically. The GPS sensor cannot be switched manually.
Reversionary
Sensor
Window
Figure A-2 Reversionary Sensor Windows
Reversionary Sensor
Window Text
BOTH ON ADC1
BOTH ON ADC2
BOTH ON ADCSTBY
BOTH ON AHRS1
BOTH ON AHRS2
BOTH ON ATTSTBY
BOTH ON GPS1
BOTH ON GPS2
USING ADC1
USING ADC2
USING ADCSTBY
USING AHRS1
USING AHRS2
USING ATTSTBY
USING GPS1
USING GPS2
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Condition
Both PFDs are displaying data from the #1 Air Data Computer.
Both PFDs are displaying data from the #2 Air Data Computer.
Both PFDs are displaying data from the standby air data input.
Both PFDs are displaying data from the #1 AHRS.
Both PFDs are displaying data from the #2 AHRS.
Both PFDs are displaying data from the standby attitude and heading reference input.
Both PFDs are displaying data from the #1 GPS receiver.
Both PFDs are displaying data from the #2 GPS receiver.
PFD2 is displaying data from the #1 Air Data Computer.
PFD1 is displaying data from the #2 Air Data Computer.
PFD1 or PFD2 is displaying data from the standby air data input.
PFD2 is displaying data from the #1 AHRS.
PFD1 is displaying data from the #2 AHRS.
PFD1 or PFD2 is displaying data from the standby attitude and heading reference input.
PFD2 is displaying data from the #1 GPS.
PFD1 is displaying data from the #2 GPS.
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
607
Appendix A
Prodigy® System Annunciations
When a new message is issued, the MSG Softkey will flash to alert the flight crew of a new message. It
will continue to flash until acknowledged by pressing the softkey. Active messages are displayed in white
text. Messages that have become inactive will change to gray text. The MSG Softkey will flash if the state of
a displayed message changes or a new message is displayed. The inactive messages can be removed from the
Message Window by pressing the flashing MSG Softkey.
Messages are conveyed to the flight crew regarding problems with the system. Typically, a large red “X”
appears in a window when a related LRU fails or detects invalid data.
When an LRU or an LRU function fails, a large red “X” is typically displayed on windows associated with the
failed data. The following section describes various system annunciations. Refer to the AFM for additional
information regarding pilot responses to these annunciations.
NOTE: Upon power-up of the system, certain windows remain invalid as equipment begins to initialize. All
windows should be operational within one minute of power-up. Should any window continue to remain
flagged, the system should be serviced by a Garmin-authorized repair facility.
System
Annunciation
Red ‘X’
Messages Window
Figure A-3 System Messages
608
Message Softkey
Annunciation
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Appendix A
GIA 63W Integrated
Avionics Units
GIA 63W Integrated
Avionics Units
GDC 74B Air
Data Computer
FADEC
GRS 77 AHRS
Or
GMU 44
Magnetometer
GEA 71 Engine
Airframe Unit
KRA 405B Radar
Altimeter or GIA
63W Integrated
Avionics Units
Pressure Controller
GEA 71 Engine
Airframe Unit
& GSD 71 Data
Concentrator
GIA 63W Integrated
Avionics Units &
GEA 71 Engine
Airframe Unit
GIA 63W Integrated
Avionics Units
FADEC
GTX 33/D Transponder
Or
GIA 63W Integrated
Avionics Units
GDC 74B Air
Data Computer
Figure A-4 System Failure Annunciations
System Annunciation
Comment
Attitude and Heading Reference System is aligning.
Display system is not receiving attitude information from the AHRS.
Indicates a configuration module failure.
Display system is not receiving airspeed input from air data computer.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
609
Appendix A
System Annunciation
Comment
Display system is not receiving valid heading input from AHRS.
Display system is not receiving altitude input from the air data computer.
Display system is not receiving vertical speed input from the air data computer.
Display system is not receiving valid transponder information.
GPS information is either not present or is invalid for navigation use.
Note that AHRS utilizes GPS inputs during normal operation. AHRS operation may be degraded if
GPS signals are not present (see AFM).
Other Various Red X
Indications
A red “X” through any other display field (such as engine instrumentation display) indicates that
the field is not receiving valid data.
Prodigy® System Message Advisories
Note: This Section provides information regarding message advisories that may be displayed by the
system. Knowledge of the aircraft, systems, flight conditions, and other existing operational priorities must
be considered when responding to a message. Always use sound pilot judgment. The Phenom 100 Airplane
Flight Manual (AFM) takes precedence over any conflicting guidance found in this section.
This section describes various system message advisories. Certain messages are issued due to an LRU or an
LRU function failure. Such messages are normally accompanied by a corresponding red “X” annunciation as
shown previously in the Prodigy® System Annunciation section.
610
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Appendix A
MFD & PFD Message Advisories
Message
DATA LOST – Pilot stored data was
lost. Recheck settings.
XTALK ERROR – A flight display
crosstalk error has occurred.
PFD1 SERVICE – PFD1 needs
service. Return unit for repair.
PFD2 SERVICE – PFD2 needs
service. Return unit for repair.
MFD1 SERVICE – MFD1 needs
service. Return unit for repair.
MANIFEST – PFD1 software
mismatch, communication halted.
MANIFEST – PFD2 software
mismatch, communication halted.
MANIFEST – MFD1 software
mismatch, communication halted.
PFD1 CONFIG – PFD1 config error.
Config service req’d.
PFD2 CONFIG – PFD2 config error.
Config service req’d.
MFD1 CONFIG – MFD1 config
error. Config service req’d.
SW MISMATCH – GDU software
version mismatch. Xtalk is off.
PFD1 COOLING – PFD1 has poor
cooling. Reducing power usage.
PFD2 COOLING – PFD2 has poor
cooling. Reducing power usage.
MFD1 COOLING – MFD1 has poor
cooling. Reducing power usage.
PFD1 KEYSTK – PFD1 [key name]
Key is stuck.
PFD2 KEYSTK – PFD2 [key name]
Key is stuck.
MFD1 KEYSTK – MFD [key name]
Key is stuck.
CNFG MODULE – PFD1
configuration module is inoperative.
PFD1 VOLTAGE – PFD1 has low
voltage. Reducing power usage
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Comments
The pilot profile data was lost. System reverts to default pilot profile and settings. The
pilot may reconfigure the MFD & PFDs with preferred settings, if desired.
The MFD and PFDs are not communicating with each other. The system should be
serviced.
The PFD and/or MFD self-test has detected a problem. The system should be serviced.
The PFD and/or MFD has incorrect software installed. The system should be serviced.
The PFD configuration settings do not match backup configuration memory. The system
should be serviced.
The MFD configuration settings do not match backup configuration memory. The system
should be serviced.
The MFD and PFDs have different software versions installed. The system should be
serviced.
The PFD and/or MFD is overheating and is reducing power consumption by dimming the
display. If problem persists, the system should be serviced.
A key is stuck on the PFD and/or MFD bezel. Attempt to free the stuck key by pressing it
several times. The system should be serviced if the problem persists.
The PFD1 configuration module backup memory has failed. The system should be
serviced.
The PFD1 voltage is low. The system should be serviced.
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
611
Appendix A
MFD & PFD Message Advisories (Cont.)
Message
PFD2 VOLTAGE – PFD2 has low
voltage. Reducing power usage
MFD1 VOLTAGE – MFD1 has low
voltage. Reducing power usage
Comments
The PFD2 voltage is low. The system should be serviced.
The MFD voltage is low. The system should be serviced.
Database Message Advisories
Message
MFD1 DB ERR – MFD1 navigation
database error exists.
PFD1 DB ERR – PFD1 navigation
database error exists.
PFD2 DB ERR – PFD2 navigation
database error exists.
MFD1 DB ERR – MFD1 basemap
database error exists.
PFD1 DB ERR – PFD1 basemap
database error exists.
PFD2 DB ERR – PFD2 basemap
database error exists.
MFD1 DB ERR – MFD1 terrain
database error exists.
PFD1 DB ERR – PFD1 terrain
database error exists.
PFD2 DB ERR – PFD2 terrain
database error exists.
MFD1 DB ERR – MFD1 terrain
database missing.
PFD1 DB ERR – PFD1 terrain
database missing.
PFD2 DB ERR – PFD2 terrain
database missing.
MFD1 DB ERR – MFD1 obstacle
database error exists.
PFD1 DB ERR – PFD1 obstacle
database error exists.
PFD2 DB ERR – PFD2 obstacle
database error exists.
612
Comments
The MFD and/or PFD detected a failure in the navigation database. Attempt to reload the
navigation database. If problem persists, the system should be serviced.
The MFD and/or PFD detected a failure in the basemap database.
The MFD and/or PFD detected a failure in the terrain database. Ensure that the terrain
card is properly inserted in display. Replace terrain card. If problem persists, the system
should be serviced.
The terrain database is present on another LRU, but is missing on the specified LRU.
The MFD and/or PFD detected a failure in the obstacle database. Ensure that the data
card is properly inserted. Replace data card. If problem persists, the system should be
serviced.
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Appendix A
Database Message Advisories (Cont.)
Message
MFD1 DB ERR – MFD1 obstacle
database missing.
PFD1 DB ERR – PFD1 obstacle
database missing.
PFD2 DB ERR – PFD2 obstacle
database missing.
MFD1 DB ERR – MFD1 airport
terrain database error exists.
PFD1 DB ERR – PFD1 airport
terrain database error exists.
PFD2 DB ERR – PFD2 airport
terrain database error exists.
MFD1 DB ERR – MFD1 airport
terrain database missing.
PFD1 DB ERR – PFD1 airport
terrain database missing.
PFD2 DB ERR – PFD2 airport
terrain database missing.
MFD1 DB ERR – MFD1 Safe Taxi
database error exists.
PFD1 DB ERR – PFD1 Safe Taxi
database error exists.
PFD2 DB ERR – PFD2 Safe Taxi
database error exists.
MFD1 DB ERR – MFD1 Chartview
database error exists.
MFD1 DB ERR – MFD1 FliteCharts
database error exists.
MFD1 DB ERR – MFD1 Airport
Directory database error exists.
DB MISMATCH – Navigation
database mismatch. Xtalk is off.
Comments
The obstacle database is present on another LRU, but is missing on the specified LRU.
The MFD and/or PFD detected a failure in the airport terrain database. Ensure that the
data card is properly inserted. Replace data card. If problem persists, the system should
be serviced.
The airport terrain database is present on another LRU, but is missing on the specified
LRU.
The MFD and/or PFD detected a failure in the Safe Taxi database. Ensure that the data
card is properly inserted. Replace data card. If problem persists, the system should be
serviced.
The MFD detected a failure in the ChartView database (optional feature). Ensure the data
card is properly inserted. Replace data card. If problem persists, system should be serviced.
The MFD detected a failure in the FliteCharts database (optional feature). Ensure the data
card is properly inserted. Replace data card. If problem persists, system should be serviced.
The MFD detected a failure in the Airport Directory database. Ensure that the data card is
properly inserted. Replace data card. If problem persists, the system should be serviced.
The PFDs and MFD have different navigation database versions or types (Americas,
European, etc.) installed. Crossfill is off. Install correct navigation database version or
type in all displays.
DB MISMATCH – Standby
The PFDs and MFD have different standby navigation database versions or types
Navigation database mismatch.
(Americas, European, etc.) installed. Install correct standby navigation database version
or type in all displays.
DB MISMATCH – Terrain database The PFDs and MFD have different terrain database versions or types installed. Install
mismatch.
correct terrain database version or type in all displays.
DB MISMATCH – Obstacle
The PFDs and MFD have different obstacle database installed. Install correct obstacle
database mismatch.
database in all displays.
DB MISMATCH – Airport Terrain
The PFDs and MFD have different airport terrrain databases installed. Install correct
database mismatch.
airport terrain database in all displays.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
613
Appendix A
Database Message Advisories (Cont.)
Message
NAV DB UPDATED – Active
navigation database updated.
TERRAIN DSP – [PFD1, PFD2 or
MFD1] Terrain awareness display
unavailable.
Comments
System has updated the active navigation database from the standby navigation
database.
One of the terrain, airport terrain, or obstacle databases required for TAWS in the specified
PFD or MFD is missing or invalid.
GMA 1347D Message Advisories
Message
GMA1 FAIL – GMA1 is inoperative.
GMA2 FAIL – GMA2 is inoperative.
GMA XTALK – GMA crosstalk error
has occurred.
GMA1 CONFIG – GMA1 config
error. Config service req’d.
GMA2 CONFIG – GMA2 config
error. Config service req’d.
MANIFEST – GMA1 software
mismatch, communication halted.
MANIFEST – GMA2 software
mismatch, communication halted.
GMA1 SERVICE – GMA1 needs
service. Return unit for repair.
GMA2 SERVICE – GMA2 needs
service. Return unit for repair.
Comments
The audio panel self-test has detected a failure. The audio panel is unavailable. The
system should be serviced.
An error has occurred in transferring data between the two GMAs. The system should be
serviced.
The audio panel configuration settings do not match backup configuration memory. The
system should be serviced.
The audio panel has incorrect software installed. The system should be serviced.
The audio panel self-test has detected a problem in the unit. Certain audio functions may still
be available, and the audio panel may still be usable. The system should be serviced when
possible.
GIA 63W Message Advisories
Message
GIA1 CONFIG – GIA1 config error.
Config service req’d.
GIA2 CONFIG – GIA2 config error.
Config service req’d.
GIA1 CONFIG – GIA1 audio config
error. Config service req’d.
GIA2 CONFIG – GIA2 audio config
error. Config service req’d.
GIA1 COOLING – GIA1
temperature too low.
GIA2 COOLING – GIA2
temperature too low.
GIA1 COOLING – GIA1 over
temperature.
GIA2 COOLING – GIA2 over
temperature.
614
Comments
The GIA1 and/or GIA2 configuration settings do not match backup configuration
memory. The system should be serviced.
The GIA1 and/or GIA2 have an error in the audio configuration. The system should be
serviced.
The GIA1 and/or GIA2 temperature is too low to operate correctly. Allow units to warm
up to operating temperature.
The GIA1 and/or GIA2 temperature is too high. If problem persists, the system should be
serviced.
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Appendix A
GIA 63W Message Advisories (Cont.)
Message
GIA1 SERVICE – GIA1 needs
service. Return the unit for repair.
GIA2 SERVICE – GIA2 needs
service. Return the unit for repair.
HW MISMATCH – GIA hardware
mismatch. GIA1 communication
halted.
HW MISMATCH – GIA hardware
mismatch. GIA2 communication
halted.
MANIFEST – GIA1 software
mismatch, communication halted.
MANIFEST – GIA2 software
mismatch, communication halted.
MANIFEST – GFC software
mismatch, communication halted.
COM1 TEMP – COM1 over temp.
Reducing transmitter power.
COM2 TEMP – COM2 over temp.
Reducing transmitter power.
COM1 SERVICE – COM1 needs
service. Return unit for repair.
COM2 SERVICE – COM2 needs
service. Return unit for repair.
COM1 PTT – COM1 push-to-talk
key is stuck.
COM2 PTT – COM2 push-to-talk
key is stuck.
COM1 RMT XFR – COM1 remote
transfer key is stuck.
COM2 RMT XFR – COM2 remote
transfer key is stuck.
LOI – GPS integrity lost. Crosscheck
with other NAVS.
GPS NAV LOST – Loss of GPS
navigation. Insufficient satellites.
GPS NAV LOST – Loss of GPS
navigation. Position error.
GPS NAV LOST – Loss of GPS
navigation. GPS fail.
ABORT APR – Loss of GPS
navigation. Abort approach.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Comments
The GIA1 and/or GIA2 self-test has detected a problem in the unit. The system should be
serviced.
A GIA mismatch has been detected, where only one is SBAS capable.
The GIA1 and/or GIA 2 has incorrect software installed. The system should be serviced.
Incorrect servo software is installed, or gain settings are incorrect.
The system has detected an over temperature condition in COM1 and/or COM2. The
transmitter is operating at reduced power. If the problem persists, the system should be
serviced.
The system has detected a failure in COM1 and/or COM2. COM1 and/or COM2 may still
be usable. The system should be serviced when possible.
The COM1 and/or COM2 external push-to-talk switch is stuck in the enable (or
“pressed”) position. Press the PTT switch again to cycle its operation.
If the problem persists, the system should be serviced.
The COM1 and/or COM2 transfer switch is stuck in the enabled (or “pressed”) position.
Press the transfer switch again to cycle its operation. If the problem persists, the system
should be serviced.
GPS integrity is insufficient for the current phase of flight.
Loss of GPS navigation due to insufficient satellites.
Loss of GPS navigation due to position error.
Loss of GPS navigation due to GPS failure.
Abort approach due to loss of GPS navigation.
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
615
Appendix A
GIA 63W Message Advisories (Cont.)
Message
APR DWNGRADE – Approach
downgraded.
TRUE APR – True north approach.
Change HDG reference to TRUE.
GPS1 SERVICE – GPS1 needs
service. Return unit for repair.
GPS2 SERVICE – GPS2 needs
service. Return unit for repair.
NAV1 SERVICE – NAV1 needs
service. Return unit for repair.
NAV2 SERVICE – NAV2 needs
service. Return unit for repair.
NAV1 RMT XFR – NAV1 remote
transfer key is stuck.
NAV2 RMT XFR – NAV2 remote
transfer key is stuck.
G/S1 FAIL – G/S1 is inoperative.
Comments
Vertical guidance generated by SBAS is unavailable, use LNAV only minimums.
Displayed after passing the first waypoint of a true north approach when the nav angle
is set to ‘AUTO’.
A failure has been detected in the GPS1 and/or GPS2 receiver. The receiver may still be
available. The system should be serviced.
A failure has been detected in the NAV1 and/or NAV2 receiver. The receiver may still be
available. The system should be serviced.
The remote NAV1 and/or NAV2 transfer switch is stuck in the enabled (or “pressed”)
state. Press the transfer switch again to cycle its operation. If the problem persists, the
system should be serviced.
A failure has been detected in glideslope receiver 1 and/or receiver 2. The system should
be serviced.
G/S2 FAIL – G/S2 is inoperative.
G/S1 SERVICE – G/S1 needs
service. Return unit for repair.
G/S2 SERVICE – G/S2 needs
service. Return unit for repair.
A failure has been detected in glideslope receiver 1 and/or receiver 2. The receiver may
still be available. The system should be serviced when possible.
GSD 41 Message Advisories
Message
GSD1 CONFIG – GSD1 config error.
Config service req’d.
GSD1 COOLING – GSD1
temperature too low.
GSD1 COOLING – GSD1 over
temperature.
GSD1 SERVICE – GSD1 needs
service. Return unit for repair.
MANIFEST – GSD1 software
mismatch. Communication halted.
616
Comments
GSD1 and the CDU have different copies of the GSD1 configuration.
GSD1 is reporting a low temperature condition.
GSD1 is reporting an over-temperature condition.
GSD1 is reporting an internal error condition. The GSD may still be usable.
GSD1 has incorrect software installed. The system should be serviced.
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Appendix A
GEA 71 Message Advisories
Message
GEA1 CONFIG – GEA1 config error.
Config service req’d.
GEA2 CONFIG – GEA2 config error.
Config service req’d.
GEA3 CONFIG – GEA3 config error.
Config service req’d.
MANIFEST – GEA1 software
mismatch, communication halted.
MANIFEST – GEA2 software
mismatch, communication halted.
MANIFEST – GEA3 software
mismatch, communication halted.
Comments
The GEA1 configuration settings do not match those of backup configuration memory.
The system should be serviced.
The GEA2 configuration settings do not match those of backup configuration memory.
The system should be serviced.
The GEA3 configuration settings do not match those of backup configuration memory.
The system should be serviced.
The #1 GEA 71 has incorrect software installed. The system should be serviced.
The #2 GEA 71 has incorrect software installed. The system should be serviced.
The #3 GEA 71 has incorrect software installed. The system should be serviced.
GTX 33 Message Advisories
Message
XPDR1 CONFIG – XPDR1 config
error. Config service req’d.
XPDR2 CONFIG – XPDR2 config
error. Config service req’d.
MANIFEST – GTX1 software
mismatch, communication halted.
MANIFEST – GTX2 software
mismatch, communication halted.
XPDR1 SRVC – XPDR1 needs
service. Return unit for repair.
XPDR2 SRVC – XPDR2 needs
service. Return unit for repair.
XPDR1 FAIL – XPDR1 is
inoperative.
XPDR2 FAIL – XPDR2 is
inoperative.
Comments
The transponder configuration settings do not match those of backup configuration
memory. The system should be serviced.
The transponder configuration settings do not match those of backup configuration
memory. The system should be serviced.
The transponder has incorrect software installed. The system should be serviced.
The transponder has incorrect software installed. The system should be serviced.
The #1 transponder should be serviced when possible.
The #2 transponder should be serviced when possible.
There is no communication with the #1 transponder.
There is no communication with the #2 transponder.
GRS 77 Message Advisories
Message
AHRS1 TAS – AHRS1 not receiving
airspeed.
AHRS2 TAS – AHRS2 not receiving
airspeed.
AHRS1 GPS – AHRS1 using backup
GPS source.
AHRS2 GPS – AHRS2 using backup
GPS source.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Comments
The #1 AHRS is not receiving true airspeed from the air data computer. The AHRS relies
on GPS information to augment the lack of airspeed. The system should be serviced.
The #2 AHRS is not receiving true airspeed from the air data computer. The AHRS relies
on GPS information to augment the lack of airspeed. The system should be serviced.
The #1 AHRS is using the backup GPS path. Primary GPS path has failed. The system
should be serviced when possible.
The #2 AHRS is using the backup GPS path. Primary GPS path has failed. The system
should be serviced when possible.
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
617
Appendix A
GRS 77 Message Advisories (Cont.)
Message
AHRS1 GPS – AHRS1 not receiving
any GPS information.
AHRS2 GPS – AHRS2 not receiving
any GPS information.
AHRS1 GPS – AHRS1 not receiving
backup GPS information.
AHRS2 GPS – AHRS2 not receiving
backup GPS information.
AHRS1 GPS – AHRS1 operating
exclusively in no-GPS mode.
AHRS2 GPS – AHRS2 operating
exclusively in no-GPS mode.
AHRS MAG DB – AHRS magnetic
model database version mismatch.
AHRS1 SRVC – AHRS1 Magneticfield model needs update.
AHRS2 SRVC – AHRS2 Magneticfield model needs update.
GEO LIMITS – AHRS1 too far
North/South, no magnetic compass.
GEO LIMITS – AHRS2 too far
North/South, no magnetic compass.
MANIFEST – GRS1 software
mismatch, communication halted.
MANIFEST – GRS2 software
mismatch, communication halted.
Comments
The #1 AHRS is not receiving any or any useful GPS information. Check AFMS
limitations. The system should be serviced.
The #2 AHRS is not receiving any or any useful GPS information. Check AFMS
limitations. The system should be serviced.
The #1 AHRS is not receiving backup GPS information. The system should be serviced.
The #2 AHRS is not receiving backup GPS information. The system should be serviced.
The #1 AHRS is operating exclusively in no-GPS mode. The system should be serviced.
The #2 AHRS is operating exclusively in no-GPS mode. The system should be serviced.
The #1 AHRS and #2 AHRS magnetic model database versions do not match.
The #1 AHRS earth magnetic field model is out of date. Update magnetic field model when
practical.
The #2 AHRS earth magnetic field model is out of date. Update magnetic field model when
practical.
The aircraft is outside geographical limits for approved AHRS operation. Heading is
flagged as invalid.
The #1 AHRS has incorrect software installed. The system should be serviced.
The #2 AHRS has incorrect software installed. The system should be serviced.
GMU 44 Message Advisories
Message
HDG FAULT – AHRS1
magnetometer fault has occurred.
HDG FAULT – AHRS2
magnetometer fault has occurred.
MANIFEST – GMU1 software
mismatch, communication halted.
MANIFEST – GMU2 software
mismatch, communication halted.
618
Comments
A fault has occurred in the #1 GMU 44. Heading is flagged as invalid. The AHRS uses
GPS for backup mode operation. The system should be serviced.
A fault has occurred in the #2 GMU 44. Heading is flagged as invalid. The AHRS uses
GPS for backup mode operation. The system should be serviced.
The GMU 44 has incorrect software installed. The system should be serviced.
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Appendix A
GSR 56 Message Advisories
Message
GSR1 FAIL – GSR1 has failed.
Comments
A failure has been detected in the #1 GSR 56. The system should be serviced.
GDL 59 Message Advisories
Message
GDL59 CONFIG – GDL 59 config
error. Config service req’d.
GDL59 FAIL – GDL 59 has failed.
GDL59 SERVICE – GDL 59 needs
service. Return unit for repair.
GDL59 RTR FAIL – The GDL 59
router has failed.
REGISTER GFDS – Data services
are inoperative, register w/GFDS.
MANIFEST – GDL software
mismatch, communication halted.
Comments
GDL 59 configuration settings do not match those of backup configuration memory. The
system should be serviced.
A failure has been detected in the GDL 59. The receiver is unavailable. The system
should be serviced.
A failure has been detected in the GDL 59. The system should be serviced.
A failure has been detected in the GDL 59 router. The system should be serviced.
The GDL 59 is not registered with Garmin Flight Data Services, or its current registration
data has failed authentication.
The GDL 59 has incorrect software installed. The system should be serviced.
GDL 69A Message Advisories
Message
GDL69 CONFIG – GDL 69 config
error. Config service req’d.
GDL69 FAIL – GDL 69 has failed.
MANIFEST – GDL software
mismatch, communication halted.
Comments
GDL 69 configuration settings do not match those of backup configuration memory. The
system should be serviced.
A failure has been detected in the GDL 69. The receiver is unavailable. The system
should be serviced
The GDL 69 has incorrect software installed. The system should be serviced.
GWX 68 Alert Messages
Message
GWX CONFIG – GWX config error.
Config service req’d.
GWX FAIL – GWX is inoperative.
GWX SERVICE – GWX needs
service. Return unit for repair.
MANIFEST – GWX software
mismatch, communication halted.
WX ALERT – Possible severe
weather ahead.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Comments
GWX 68 configuration settings do not match those of the GDU configuration. The
system should be serviced.
The GDU is not receiving status packet from the GWX 68 or the GWX 68 is reporting a
fault. The GWX 68 radar system should be serviced.
A failure has been detected in the GWX 68. The GWX 68 may still be usable.
The GWX 68 has incorrect software installed. The system should be serviced.
Possible severe weather detected within +/- 10 degrees of the aircraft heading at a
range of 80 to 320 nm.
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
619
Appendix A
GDC 74B Message Advisories
Message
ADC1 ALT EC – ADC1 altitude error
correction is unavailable.
ADC2 ALT EC – ADC2 altitude error
correction is unavailable.
ADC1 AS EC – ADC1 airspeed error
correction is unavailable.
ADC2 AS EC – ADC2 airspeed error
correction is unavailable.
MANIFEST – GDC1 software
mismatch, communication halted.
MANIFEST – GDC2 software
mismatch, communication halted.
Comments
GDC1 or GDC2 is reporting that the altitude error correction is unavailable.
GDC1 or GDC2 is reporting that the airspeed error correction is unavailable.
The GDC 74B has incorrect software installed. The system should be serviced.
GCU 475 Message Advisories
Message
GCU CNFG – GCU Config error.
Config service req’d.
GCU FAIL – GCU is inoperative.
MANIFEST – GCU software
mismatch, communication halted.
GCU KEYSTK – GCU [key name]
Key is stuck.
Comments
GCU 475 configuration settings do not match those of backup configuration memory.
The system should be serviced.
A failure has been detected in the GCU 475. The GCU 475 is unavailable.
The GCU 475 has incorrect software installed. The system should be serviced.
A key is stuck on the GCU 475 bezel. Attempt to free the stuck key by pressing it
several times. The system should be serviced if the problem persists.
GMC 715 Message Advisories
Message
GMC CONFIG – GMC Config error.
Config service req’d.
GMC FAIL – GMC is inoperative.
MANIFEST – GMC software
mismatch. Communication halted.
GMC KEYSTK – GMC [key name]
Key is stuck.
Comments
Error in the configuration of the GMC 715.
A failure has been detected in the GMC 715. The GMC 715 is unavailable.
The GMC 715 has incorrect software installed. The system should be serviced.
A key is stuck on the GMC 715 bezel. Attempt to free the stuck key by pressing it
several times. The system should be serviced if the problem persists.
GTS 850 Message Advisories
Message
GTS CONFIG – GTS config error.
Config service req’d.
MANIFEST – GTS software
mismatch, communication halted.
620
Comments
The GTS and GDU have incompatible configurations. This alert is also set when the GTS
has an invalid mode S address configured or the mode S address does not match both
XPDR mode S addresses.
The GTS has incorrect software installed. The system should be serviced.
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Appendix A
Miscellaneous Message Advisories
Message
FPL WPT LOCK – Flight plan
waypoint is locked.
FPL WPT MOVE – Flight plan
waypoint moved.
TIMER EXPIRD – Timer has expired.
DB CHANGE – Database changed.
Verify user modified procedures.
DB CHANGE – Database changed.
Verify stored airways.
FPL TRUNC – Flight plan has been
truncated.
LOCKED FPL – Cannot navigate
locked flight plan.
WPT ARRIVAL – Arriving at
waypoint -[xxxx]
STEEP TURN – Steep turn ahead.
INSIDE ARSPC – Inside airspace.
ARSPC AHEAD – Airspace ahead
less than 10 minutes.
ARSPC NEAR – Airspace near and
ahead.
ARSPC NEAR – Airspace near – less
than 2 nm.
APR INACTV – Approach is not
active.
SLCT FREQ – Select appropriate
frequency for approach.
SLCT NAV – Select NAV on CDI for
approach.
PTK FAIL – Parallel track unavailable:
bad geometry.
PTK FAIL – Parallel track unavailable:
past IAF.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Comments
Upon power-up, the system detects that a stored flight plan waypoint is locked. This
occurs when an navigation database update eliminates an obsolete waypoint. The
flight plan cannot find the specified waypoint and flags this message. This can also
occur with user waypoints in a flight plan that is deleted.
Remove the waypoint from the flight plan if it no longer exists in any database,
Or
update the waypoint name/identifier to reflect the new information.
The system has detected that a waypoint coordinate has changed due to a new navigation
database update. Verify that stored flight plans contain correct waypoint locations.
The system notifies the pilot that the timer has expired.
This occurs when a stored flight plan contains procedures that have been manually
edited. This alert is issued only after an navigation database update. Verify that the
user-modified procedures in stored flight plans are correct and up to date.
This occurs when a stored flight plan contains an airway that is no longer consistent
with the navigation database. This alert is issued only after an navigation database
update. Verify use of airways in stored flight plans and reload airways as needed.
This occurs when a newly installed navigation database eliminates an obsolete
approach or arrival used by a stored flight plan. The obsolete procedure is removed
from the flight plan. Update flight plan with current arrival or approach.
This occurs when the pilot attempts to activate a stored flight plan that contains locked
waypoint. Remove locked waypoint from flight plan. Update flight plan with current
waypoint.
Arriving at waypoint [xxxx], where [xxxx] is the waypoint name.
A steep turn is 15 seconds ahead. Prepare to turn.
The aircraft is inside the airspace.
Special use airspace is ahead of aircraft. The aircraft will penetrate the airspace within
10 minutes.
Special use airspace is near and ahead of the aircraft position.
Special use airspace is within 2 nm of the aircraft position.
The system notifies the pilot that the loaded approach is not active. Activate approach
when required.
The system notifies the pilot to load the approach frequency for the appropriate NAV
receiver. Select the correct frequency for the approach.
The system notifies the pilot to set the CDI to the correct NAV receiver. Set the CDI to
the correct NAV receiver.
Bad parallel track geometry.
IAF waypoint for parallel offset has been passed.
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
621
Appendix A
Miscellaneous Message Advisories (Cont.)
Message
PTK FAIL – Parallel track unavailable:
past IAF.
UNABLE V WPT – Can’t reach
current vertical waypoint.
VNV – Unavailable. Unsupported
leg type in flight plan.
VNV – Unavailable. Excessive track
angle error.
VNV – Unavailable. Excessive
crosstrack error.
VNV – Unavailable. Parallel course
selected.
NON WGS84 WPT – Do not use GPS
navigation to [xxxx].
TRAFFIC FAIL – Traffic device has
failed.
FAILED PATH – A data path has
failed.
MAG VAR WARN – Large magnetic
variance. Verify all course angles.
SVS – SVS DISABLED: Out of
available terrain region.
SVS – SVS DISABLED: Terrain DB
resolution too low.
SCHEDULER [#] – <message>.
CHECK CRS – Database course for
LOC1 / [LOC ID] is [CRS]°.
CHECK CRS – Database course for
LOC2 / [LOC ID] is [CRS]°.
[PFD1, PFD2, or MFD1] CARD
1 REM – Card 1 was removed.
Reinsert card.
[PFD1, PFD2, or MFD1] CARD
2 REM – Card 2 was removed.
Reinsert card.
[PFD1, PFD2, or MFD1] CARD 1
ERR – Card 1 is invalid.
[PFD1, PFD2, or MFD1] CARD 2
ERR – Card 2 is invalid.
622
Comments
IAF waypoint for parallel offset has been passed.
The current vertical waypoint can not be reached within the maximum flight path angle and
vertical speed constraints. The system automatically transitions to the next vertical waypoint.
The lateral flight plan contains a procedure turn, vector, or other unsupported leg
type prior to the active vertical waypoint. This prevents vertical guidance to the active
vertical waypoint.
The current track angle error exceeds the limit, causing the vertical deviation to go
invalid.
The current crosstrack exceeds the limit, causing vertical deviation to go invalid.
A parallel course has been selected, causing the vertical deviation to go invalid.
The position of the selected waypoint [xxxx] is not calculated based on the WGS84
map reference datum and may be positioned in error as displayed. Do not use GPS to
navigate to the selected non-WGS84 waypoint.
The system is no longer receiving data from the traffic system. The traffic device should
be serviced.
A data path connected to the GDU, GSD 41, or the GIA 63/W has failed.
The GDU’s internal model cannot determine the exact magnetic variance for geographic
locations near the magnetic poles. Displayed magnetic course angles may differ from
the actual magnetic heading by more than 2°.
Synthetic Vision is disabled because the aircraft is not within the boundaries of the
installed terrain database.
Synthetic Vision is disabled because a terrain database of sufficient resolution (9 arcsecond or better) is not currently installed.
Message criteria entered by the user.
Selected course for LOC1 differs from published localizer course by more than 10
degrees.
Selected course for LOC2 differs from published localizer course by more than 10
degrees.
The SD card was removed from the top card slot of the specified PFD or MFD. The SD
card needs to be reinserted.
The SD card was removed from the bottom card slot of the specified PFD or MFD. The
SD card needs to be reinserted.
The SD card in the top card slot of the specified PFD or MFD contains invalid data.
The SD card in the bottom card slot of the specified PFD or MFD contains invalid data.
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Appendix A
TAWS-A Alerts
PFD/MFD
TAWS-A Page
Annunciation
Alert Type
MFD Map Page
Pop-Up Alert
Aural Message
Reduced Required Terrain Clearance Warning
(RTC)
Imminent Terrain Impact Warning (ITI)
“Terrain, Terrain; Pull Up, Pull Up”
“Terrain, Terrain; Pull Up, Pull Up”
Reduced Required Obstacle Clearance Warning
(ROC)
Imminent Obstacle Impact Warning (IOI)
“Obstacle, Obstacle; Pull Up, Pull Up”
“Obstacle, Obstacle; Pull Up, Pull Up”
Excessive Descent Rate Warning (EDR)
“<whoop><whoop> Pull Up”
Excessive Closure Rate Warning (ECR)
“<whoop><whoop> Pull Up”
Reduced Required Terrain Clearance Caution
(RTC)
Imminent Terrain Impact Caution (ITI)
“Caution, Terrain; Caution, Terrain”
“Caution, Terrain; Caution, Terrain”
Reduced Required Obstacle Clearance Caution
(ROC)
“Caution, Obstacle; Caution, Obstacle”
Imminent Obstacle Impact Caution (IOI)
“Caution, Obstacle; Caution, Obstacle”
Premature Descent Alert Caution (PDA)
“Too Low, Terrain”
Excessive Descent Rate Caution (EDR)
“Sink Rate”
Excessive Closure Rate Caution (ECR)
“Terrain, Terrain”
Negative Climb Rate Caution (NCR)
“Don’t Sink”
Flight Into Terrain High Speed Caution (FIT)
“Too Low, Terrain”
Flight Into Terrain Gear Caution (FIT)
“Too Low, Gear”
Flight Into Terrain Flaps Caution (FIT)
“Too Low, Flaps”
Flight Into Terrain Takeoff Caution (FIT)
“Too Low, Terrain”
Glide Slope/Glide Path Deviation Caution (GSD)
(depends on approach type)
Altitude Voice Callout (VCO)
190-00728-03 Rev. A
or
or
None
None
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
“Glide Slope”
or
“Glide Path”
“Five-Hundred”
“Four-Hundred”
“Three-Hundred”
“Two-Hundred”
“One-Hundred”
623
Appendix A
TAWS-A System Status Annunciations
PFD/MFD
TAWS-A Page
Annunciation
Additional
TAWS-A Page
Annunciation
Aural Message
TAWS System Fail
TAWS FAIL
“TAWS System Failure”
GPWS System Fail
None
“GPWS System Failure”
System Test in progress
TAWS TEST
None
None
TAWS FAIL
“TAWS System Test OK”
“TAWS System Failure”
None
“GPWS System Failure”
NO GPS
POSITION
“TAWS Not Available”
None
“TAWS Not Available”
None
“TAWS Not Available”
“TAWS Available” when
aircraft enters database
coverage area.
Alert Type
System Test pass
Terrain or Obstacle database unavailable, invalid
software configuration, or audio unavailable.
GPWS System Fail, Radar Altimeter invalid, Altitude or
Vertical Speed unavailable
None
No GPS position
Excessively degraded GPS signal, Out of database
coverage area
Out of database coverage area
TAWS-A Alert Availability
TAWS-A Alert Type Available
TAWS-A
Status
RTC ITI ROC IOI PDA EDR ECR NCR
Annunciation
Displayed
*
FIT
GSD VCO
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
*No
**Yes
No
No
No
No
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
**Yes
No
No
No
No
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
No
No
No
No
**Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
#Yes
Yes
Yes
GSD alert will be available if a valid ILS is being used for navigation, even if no valid GPS signal is being received.
** VCO alerts are not issued if both TAWS and GPWS systems have failed or are not available.
#
624
Only the portions of FIT Alerting based on flap position are disabled when FLAP OVR annunciation is displayed.
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Appendix A
TAWS-B Alerts
Annunciations appear on the PFD and MFD. Pop-up alerts appear only on the MFD.
PFD/MFD
TAWS Page
Annunciation
Alert Type
MFD Map Page
Pop-Up Alert
Aural Message
Excessive Descent Rate Warning (EDR)
“Pull Up”
Reduced Required Terrain Clearance Warning
(RTC)
Imminent Terrain Impact Warning (ITI)
“Terrain, Terrain; Pull Up, Pull Up”
“Terrain, Terrain; Pull Up, Pull Up”
Reduced Required Obstacle Clearance Warning
(ROC)
Imminent Obstacle Impact Warning (IOI)
“Obstacle, Obstacle; Pull Up, Pull Up”
“Obstacle, Obstacle; Pull Up, Pull Up”
Reduced Required Terrain Clearance Caution
(RTC)
Imminent Terrain Impact Caution (ITI)
“Caution, Terrain; Caution, Terrain”
“Caution, Terrain; Caution, Terrain”
Reduced Required Obstacle Clearance Caution
(ROC)
Imminent Obstacle Impact Caution (IOI)
“Caution, Obstacle; Caution, Obstacle”
“Caution, Obstacle; Caution, Obstacle”
Premature Descent Alert Caution (PDA)
Altitude Callout “500”
Excessive Descent Rate Caution (EDR)
“Too Low, Terrain”
None
“Five-Hundred”
“Sink Rate”
None
Negative Climb Rate Caution (NCR)
“Don’t Sink”
TAWS-B System Status Annunciations
PFD/MFD Alert
Annunciation
Additional TAWS-B
Page Annunciation
Aural Message
TAWS TEST
None
None
“TAWS System Test OK”
TAWS-B System Test Fail
TAWS FAIL
“TAWS System Failure”
Terrain or Obstacle database unavailable
or invalid, invalid software configuration,
system audio fault
TAWS FAIL
“TAWS System Failure”
NO GPS POSITION
“TAWS Not Available”
None
“TAWS Not Available”
None
“TAWS Available”
Alert Type
System Test in Progress
System Test Pass
None
No GPS position
Excessively degraded GPS signal, Out of
database coverage area
Sufficient GPS signal received after loss
190-00728-03 Rev. A
None
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
625
Appendix A
TCAS I Alerts and Annunciations
Mode
Traffic Mode Annunciation
(Traffic Map Page)
TCAS I Self-test Initiated
TEST
(also shown in white in center of page)
OPERATING
TCAS I Operating
TCAS I Standby
Traffic Display Status Icon
(Other Maps)
STANDBY
(also shown in white in center of page)
FAIL
TCAS I Failed
TCAS I Modes
Traffic Map Page Annunciation
Description
NO DATA
Data is not being received from the TCAS I unit
DATA FAILED
Data is being received from the TCAS I unit, but the unit is self-reporting a failure
FAILED
Incorrect data format received from the TCAS I unit
TCAS I Failure Annunciations
Traffic Status Banner
Annunciation
TA OFF SCALE
TA X.X ± XX ↕
TRFC FAIL
NO TCAS DATA
Description
A Traffic Advisory is outside the selected display range*.
Annunciation is removed when traffic comes within the selected display range.
System cannot determine bearing of Traffic Advisory**.
Annunciation indicates distance in nm, altitude separation in hundreds of feet, and
altitude trend arrow (climbing/descending).
TCAS I unit has failed (unit is self-reporting a failure or sending incorrectly formatted data)
Data is not being received from the TCAS I unit
*Shown as symbol on Traffic Map Page
**Shown in center of Traffic Map Page
TCAS I Traffic Status Annunciations
626
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Appendix A
TCAS II Alerts and Annunciations
PFD Mode
Annunciation
Mode
TCAS II Self-test Initiated
(TEST)
None
Traffic Advisory and
Resolution Advisory (TA/RA)
None
MFD Traffic Map Page Mode
Annunciation
TEST
(‘TEST MODE’ also shown in white on
top center of page)
Traffic Display Status Icon
(Other Maps)
TA/RA
Traffic Advisory Only (TA
ONLY)
TA ONLY
TCAS II Standby
(TFC STBY)
*
STANDBY
(also shown in white in center of page
when aircraft on ground, yellow in air)
FAIL
TCAS II Failed
* Annunciation appears white when aircraft is on the ground and yellow while in the air.
TCAS II Modes
Traffic Map Page
Annunciation
NO DATA
DATA FAILED
FAILED
Description
Data is not being received from the TCAS II unit
Data is being received from the TCAS II unit, but the unit is self-reporting a failure
Incorrect data format received from the TCAS II unit
TCAS II Failure Annunciations
Traffic Status Banner
Annunciation
RA OFF SCALE
TA OFF SCALE
RA X.X ± XX ↕
TA X.X ± XX ↕
TRFC FAIL
NO TCAS DATA
Description
A Resolution Advisory is outside the selected display range*. Annunciation is removed when traffic
comes within the selected display range
A Traffic Advisory is outside the selected display range*.
Annunciation is removed when traffic comes within the selected display range.
System cannot determine bearing of Resolution Advisory**.
Annunciation indicates distance in nm, altitude separation in hundreds of feet, and altitude trend
arrow (climbing/descending).
System cannot determine bearing of Traffic Advisory**.
Annunciation indicates distance in nm, altitude separation in hundreds of feet, and altitude trend
arrow (climbing/descending).
TCAS II unit has failed (unit is self-reporting a failure or sending incorrectly formatted data)
Data is not being received from the TCAS II unit
*Shown as symbol on Traffic Map Page
**Shown in center of Traffic Map Page
TCAS II Traffic Status Annunciations
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
627
Appendix A
Other Prodigy® Aural Alerts
Message
“Autopilot”
“Cabin”
“Fire, Fire”
“Flight Director”
“High Speed”
“Landing Gear”
“Minimums, minimums”
“No Takeoff Brake”
“No Takeoff Flaps”
“No Takeoff Trim”
“Stall, Stall”
“Timer Expired”
“Speed Control”
“Altitude”
“Traffic”
“Trim Trim Trim”
“Vertical track”
“Aural Warning OK”
“Aural Warning One Channel”
“Incoming Call
“SelCal”
“Takeoff OK”
“TIS not available”
Priority
Description
Warning – Autopilot is disengaged
Single alert for manual AP disengagement
Continuous alert for automatic AP disengagement; cancelled with AP DISC Switch
High cabin altitude
Engine fire
Flight director has reverted to pitch or roll default mode
Maximum operating speed exceeded
Warning Gear up in landing condition
The aircraft has descended below the preset barometric minimum descent altitude.
No Takeoff Configuration due to brake status
No Takeoff Configuration due to flap status
No Takeoff Configuration due to trim status
Airplane in stall condition
Countdown timer on the PFD has reached zero
CSC (if available) disengaged abnormally
Aircraft has deviated ±200 feet of the selected altitude
The Traffic Information Service (TIS) has issued a Traffic Advisory alert.
Advisory Trim switch malfunction
The aircraft is one minute from Top of Descent. Issued only when vertical navigation is
enabled.
Aural warning system test passes
Aural warning system test detects failure in one channel
Satellite telephone is receiving a call
Status
Incoming communication through the HF radio
Takeoff configuration test passed
The aircraft is outside the Traffic Information Service (TIS) coverage area.
Flight Plan Import/Export Messages
In some circumstances, some messages may appear in conjunction with others.
Flight Plan Import/Export Results
‘Flight plan successfully imported.’
‘File contained user waypoints only. User
waypoints imported successfully. No stored
flight plan data was modified.’
‘No flight plan files found to import.’
‘Flight plan import failed.’
‘Flight plan partially imported.’
‘File contained user waypoints only.’
‘Too many points. Flight plan truncated.’
628
Description
A flight plan file stored on the SD card was successfully imported as a stored flight plan.
The file stored on the SD card did not contain a flight plan, only user waypoints. These
waypoints have been saved to the system user waypoints. No flight plans stored in the
system have been modified.
The SD card contains no flight plan data.
Flight plan data was not successfully imported from the SD card.
Some flight plan waypoints were successfully imported from the SD card, however others
had errors and were not imported. A partial stored flight plan now exists in the system.
The file stored on the SD card did not contain a flight plan, only user waypoints. One or
more of these waypoints did not import successfully.
The flight plan on the SD card contains more waypoints than the system can support. The
flight plan was imported with as many waypoints as possible.
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Appendix A
Flight Plan Import/Export Results
Description
‘Some waypoints not loaded. Waypoints
The flight plan on the SD card contains one or more waypoints that the system cannot find
locked.’
in the navigation database. The flight plan has been imported, but must be edited within
the system before it can be activated for use.
‘User waypoint database full. Not all loaded.’ The flight plan file on the SD card contains user waypoints. The quantity of stored user
waypoints has exceeded system capacity, therefore not all the user waypoints on the SD
card have been imported. Any flight plan user waypoints that were not imported are
locked in the flight plan. The flight plan must be edited within the system before it can be
activated for use.
‘One or more user waypoints renamed.’
One or more imported user waypoints were renamed when imported due to naming
conflicts with waypoints already existing in the system.
‘Flight plan successfully exported.’
The stored flight plan was successfully exported to the SD card.
‘Flight plan export failed.’
The stored flight plan was not successfully exported to the SD card. The SD card may not
have sufficient available memory or the card may have been removed prematurely.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
629
Appendix A
Blank Page
630
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Appendix B
Database Management
The system uses Secure Digital (SD) cards to load and store various types of data. For basic flight operations,
SD cards are required for database storage as well as Jeppesen navigation and ChartView database updates. Not
all SD cards are compatible with the Prodigy® system. Use only SD cards supplied by Garmin or the aircraft
manufacturer.
NOTE: DO NOT use the database SD cards for any purpose other than database storage.
NOTE: Loading a database in the system prior to its effective date will result in the expiration date on the
power-up screen and the effective date on the AUX-System Status Page being displayed in yellow.
Jeppesen Databases
The Jeppesen navigation database is updated on a 28-day cycle. The ChartView database is updated on a 14day cycle. If the ChartView database is not updated within 70 days of the expiration date, ChartView will no
longer function. Both of these databases are provided directly from Jeppesen.
Note: The Jeppesen aviation navigation database is now referred to as the ‘navigation database’. Previously
this database had been referred to as the ‘aviation database’.
The ChartView database should be copied to the Garmin supplied Supplemental Data Card which will reside
in the bottom card slot on the MFD. The navigation database must be installed from the Jeppesen or user
supplied SD data card. Contact Jeppesen (www.jeppesen.com) for subscription and update information.
NOTE: After the navigation database is installed, the card may be removed.
Updating the Jeppesen navigation database:
1) Copy the new navigation database to an SD card obtained from Garmin, or the aircraft manufacturer.
2) With the Prodigy® system OFF, insert the SD card containing the new navigation database version into the top
card slot of the MFD (label of SD card facing left).
3) Turn the Prodigy® system ON. A prompt similar to the following illustration is displayed:
Figure B-1 Navigation Database Load Prompt
4) Press the YES Softkey to update the navigation database in the MFD.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
631
Appendix B
5) After the update completes, press any key. The display starts in normal mode.
Figure B-2 Database Update Confirmation
6) Turn the Prodigy® system OFF and remove the SD card from the top card slot.
7) Repeat steps 2 through 6 for PFD1.
8) Repeat steps 2 through 6 for PFD2.
9) Apply power to the system and press the ENT Key to acknowledge the startup screen.
10) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the AUX Page group on the MFD.
11) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the System Status Page.
12) Press the Display Database Selection Softkey to show navigation database information for each display (MFD1
DB, PFD1 DB, PFD2 DB).
Figure B-3 Check Database Cycle Number (MFD shown)
632
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Appendix B
Garmin Databases
The following databases are stored on Supplemental Data Cards provided by Garmin:
• Expanded basemap
• Airport terrain
• SafeTaxi
• Terrain
• Obstacle
• FliteCharts
• Airport Directory
(AOPA)
After subscribing to the desired database product, these database products will be downloaded and ultimately
stored on three Supplemental Data Cards (with the exception of FliteCharts, which is loaded on only one card).
Each Supplemental Data Card resides in the bottom card of each display as shown in Figure B-4. These cards
must not be removed except to update the databases stored on each card.
PFD1
MFD
PFD2
Figure B-4 Correct Database Locations
Since these databases are not stored internally in the displays, a Supplemental Data Card containing identical
database versions (except FliteCharts or ChartView) must be kept in each display unit.
The basemap database contains data for the topography and land features, such as rivers, lakes, and towns.
It is updated only periodically, with no set schedule. There is no expiration date.
The terrain database contains the terrain mapping data. The airport terrain database contains increased
resolution terrain data around airports. These databases are updated periodically and have no expiration
date.
The obstacle database contains data for obstacles, such as towers, that pose a potential hazard to aircraft.
Obstacles 200 feet and higher are included in the obstacle database. It is very important to note that not all
obstacles are necessarily charted and therefore may not be contained in the obstacle database. This database is
updated on a 56-day cycle.
NOTE: The data contained in the terrain and obstacle databases comes from government agencies. Garmin
accurately processes and cross-validates the data, but cannot guarantee the accuracy and completeness of
the data.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
633
Appendix B
The AOPA Airport Directory provides data on airports and heliports throughout the U.S., and offers detailed
information for over 5,300 U. S. airports, along with the names and phone numbers of thousands of FBOs. This
database is updated four times per year.
The SafeTaxi database contains detailed airport diagrams for selected airports. These diagrams aid in following
ground control instructions by accurately displaying the aircraft position on the map in relation to taxiways,
ramps, runways, terminals, and services. This database is updated on a 56-day cycle.
The FliteCharts database contains procedure charts for the United States only. This database is updated on a
28-day cycle. If not updated within 180 days of the expiration date, FliteCharts will no longer function.
Automatic Database Synchronization Feature
The automatic database synchronization feature automatically transfers the database from a single SD
database card to the SD cards on each PFD and the MFD to ensure that all databases are synchronized
throughout the system. After power-up, the system compares all copies of each applicable database. If similar
databases do not match, the most recent valid database is automatically copied to each card in the system that
does not already contain that database.
The following databases are checked and synchronized: Basemap, Safetaxi, Airport Terrain, Obstacle,
Airport Directory (AOPA), and Terrain. This feature applies only to databases that are stored on the SD card
that resides in the bottom slot of each display. This feature does not apply to the navigation database which
is stored internally in each display, or to the charts databases (FliteCharts and ChartView) which are only
required to be present on the MFD. The typical procedure would be to download new databases to the MFD
card, then synchronize the data to the PFD(s).
NOTE: The 9-arc second terrain database may take as long as 100 minutes to synchronize using this method.
Therefore the user may want to transfer the data using a PC, or connect the system to a ground power
source while performing the database synchronization.
The synchronization progress may be monitored on the AUX-System Status Page in the Sync Status section
of the Database Window (Figure B-5). This section shows the synchronization status of each applicable
database, including the percent complete, time remaining, and to which displays the databases are being
copied. When the synchronization is complete, the status is listed as ‘Complete’, followed by the displays to
which the databases were copied. This sub-section is only present when a sync is occurring or has occurred
on the current power-up.
An indication of ‘Complete’ still requires a power cycle before the synchronized databases will be used by
the system.
634
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Appendix B
Figure B-5 AUX-System Status Page, Database Window
The Display Database Softkey (Figure B-7) is used to place the cursor in the Database Window. Upon
first press of the Display Database Softkey, the softkey will change to a selected state (black text on gray
background) and the cursor will appear in the Database Window. At this point the user can scroll through
all databases in the Database Window to view status information. If the Display Database Softkey is pressed
repeatedly, the softkey will cycle through PFD1, PFD2, and MFD. Database status information in the Database
Window will reflect the database of the selected PFD or MFD. After a successful sync and restart, verify that
the proper databases are now in use on the AUX–System Status Page (Figure B-5).
If an error occurs during the synchronization, an error message will be displayed, followed by the affected
display in the Sync Status section of the Database Window (Figure B-6). If a synchronization completes on
one display, but an error occurs on another, the error message will be displayed with the affected diaplay
listed after it. When an error message (Table B-1) is displayed, the problem must be corrected before the
synchronization can be completed. A power cycle is required to restart synchronization when ‘Card Full’ or
‘Err’ is shown.
Database Synchronization Error Message
Figure B-6 Synchronization Error Message
Error Message
Canceled
Card Full
Err
Timeout
Description
An active synchronization has been canceled using the SYNC DBS Softkey
SD card does not contain sufficient memory
Displayed for all other errors that may cause the synchronization process to be halted
System timed-out prior to the database transfer completing
Table B-1 Database Synchronization Error Messages
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
635
Appendix B
The SYNC DBS Softkey (Figure B-7) on the AUX–System Status Page allows the flight crew control over
the automatic database synchronization feature. When database synchronization is enabled, the SYNC DBS
Softkey is displayed as black text on gray background and a confirmation window (Figure B-8) is displayed.
When database synchronization is disabled, the softkey is displayed as white text on black background. If the
SYNC DBS Softkey is pressed while a database synchronization is in progress, the current synchronization
process will be canceled.
Enabled
Disabled
Figure B-7 SYNC DBS Softkey
Figure B-8 Enable Database Synchronization Prompt
Updating Garmin Databases
The Garmin database updates can be obtained by following the instructions detailed in the ‘Aviation
Databases’ section of the Garmin website (fly.garmin.com). Once the updated files have been downloaded
from the website, a PC equipped with an appropriate SD card reader is used to unpack and program the
new databases onto an existing Supplemental Data Card. Equipment required to perform the update is as
follows:
• Windows-compatible PC computer (Windows 2000 or XP recommended)
• SD Card Reader: SanDisk SDDR-93, SanDisk SDDR-99, Verbatim #96504, or equivalent
• Updated database obtained from the Garmin website
• Existing Supplemental Database SD Cards (010-00330-42, or -43) from both PFDs and MFD
In some cases it may be necessary to obtain an unlock code from Garmin in order to make the database
product functional. It may also be necessary to have the system configured by a Garmin authorized service
facility in order to use some database features.
After the data has been copied to the appropriate data card, perform the following steps:
1) With system power OFF, remove the MFD database card from the bottom card slot of the MFD.
2) Update the Garmin databases on the MFD card.
3) Insert the MFD database card into the bottom card slot of the MFD.
636
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Appendix B
4) Apply power to the system, check that the databases are initialized and displayed on the power-up screen
(Figure B-9). When updating the terrain and FliteCharts databases, a ‘Verifying’ message may be seen. If this
message is present, wait for the system to finish loading before proceeding to step 5.
Figure B-9 Database Information on the Power-up Screen
5) Acknowledge the Power-up Page agreement by pressing the ENT Key or the right most softkey.
6) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the AUX Page group on the MFD.
7) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the System Status Page.
8) Make sure the SYNC DBS Softkey is in the enabled state (Figure B-7).
9) Monitor the Sync Status in the Database Window. Wait for all databases to complete synching, indicated by
‘Complete’ being displayed as seen in Figure B-6.
10) Remove and reapply power to the system.
11) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the AUX Page group on the MFD.
12) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the System Status Page.
13) Press the Display Database Selection Softkey to show database information for each display (MFD1 DB, PFD1
DB, PFD2 DB). Verify the correct database cycle information is shown for each database for each display.
Unselected
MFD1 DB Selected PFD1 DB Selected
Figure B-10 Display Database Softkey
Cancel automatic database synchronization:
1) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the AUX Page group on the MFD.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the System Status Page.
3) Press the SYNC DBS Softkey (if needed) to disable (Figure B-7) automatic database synchronization.
4) Acknowledge the cancellation by pressing the ENT Key.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
637
Appendix B
Blank Page
638
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Appendix C
Glossary
ACC
ACT, ACTV
ADC
ADF
ADI
AF
AFCS
AFM
AFMS
AFRM
AGL
AHRS
AIM
AIRMET
ALRT
ALT
ALT, ALTN
AMPS
ANNUNC
ANT
AOPA
AP
AP DISC
APR
APT
ARINC
ARSPC
ARTCC
ARV
AS
ASB
ASOS
ATC
ATCRBS
ATIS
ATK
AUTOSEQ
AUX
AWOS
accuracy
active, activate
air data computer
Automatic Direction Finder
Attitude Direction Indicator
Arc to fix
Automatic Flight Control System
Airplane Flight Manual
Airplane Flight Manual Supplement
airframe
Above Ground Level
Attitude and Heading Reference System
Aeronautical Information Manual
Airman’s Meteorological Information
alert
altitude
alternator
amperes
annunciation
antenna
Aircraft Owners & Pilots Association
autopilot
autopilot disconnect
approach
airport, aerodrome
Aeronautical Radio Incorporated
airspace
Air Route Traffic Control Center
arrival
airspeed
Aviation Support Branch
Automated Surface Observing System
Air Traffic Control
ATC Radar Beacon System
Automatic Terminal Information Service
along-track
automatic sequence
auxiliary
Automated Weather Observing System
B ALT
BARO
BATT
BC
Bearing
barometric altitude
barometric setting
battery
backcourse
The compass direction from the present
position to a destination waypoint.
beat frequency oscillator
backspace
BFO
BKSP
190-00728-03 Rev. A
BRG
C
ºC
CA
CALC
Calibrated Airspeed
CRS
CRS
CRSR
CTA
CTRL
Cumulative
CVR
CVRG
CWS
CYL
bearing
center runway
degrees Celsius
Course to Altitude
calculator
Indicated airspeed corrected for
installation and instrument errors.
Course to DME distance
Course Deviation Indicator
Control Display Unit
Course to Fix
Cylinder Head Temperature
checklist
channel
Course to Intercept
cloud
clear
centimeter
Communication,
Navigation,
&
Surveillance
carbon monoxide
communication radio
configuration
coolant
co-pilot
The line between two points to be
followed by the aircraft.
The recommended direction to steer
in order to reduce course error or stay
on course. Provides the most efficient
heading to get back to the desired course
and proceed along the flight plan.
Course to Radial
Cockpit Reference Guide
current
The distance the aircraft is off a desired
course in either direction, left or right.
course
Course to Steer
cursor
Control Area
control
The total of all legs in a flight plan.
Cockpit Voice Recorder
coverage
control wheel steering
cylinder
D ALT
density altitude
CD
CDI
CDU
CF
CHT
CHKLIST
CHNL
CI
CLD
CLR
cm
CNS
CO
COM
CONFIG
COOL
COPLT
Course
Course to Steer
CR
CRG
CRNT
Crosstrack Error
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
639
Appendix C
DB, DBASE
dBZ
DCLTR, DECLTR
DEC FUEL
deg
DEIC, DEICE
DEP
Desired Track
DEST
DF
DFLT
DGRD
DH
Dilution of Precision
DIR
DIS
Distance
DME
DOP
DP
DPRT
DR
DSBL
DTK
E
ECU
Efficiency
EGT
EIS
EGNOS
ELEV
ELEV
EMERGCY
EMI
ENDUR
Endurance
ENG
ENGD
ENR
640
database
decibels ‘Z’ (radar return)
declutter
decrease fuel
degree
de-icing
departure
The desired course between the active
“from” and “to” waypoints.
destination
Direct to Fix
default
degrade
decision height
A measure of GPS satellite geometry
quality on a scale of one to ten (lower
numbers equal better geometry, where
higher numbers equal poorer geometry).
direction
distance
The ‘great circle’ distance from the present
position to a destination waypoint.
Distance Measuring Equipment
Dilution of Precision
Departure Procedure
departure
dead reckoning
disabled
Desired Track
empty, east
Engine Control Unit
A measure of fuel consumption,
expressed in distance per unit of fuel.
Exhaust Gas Temperature
Engine Indication System
European Geostationary Navigation Overlay
Service
elevation
elevator
emergency
Electromagnetic Interference
endurance
Flight endurance, or total possible flight
time based on available fuel on board.
engine
engaged
enroute
Enroute Safe Altitude
The recommended minimum altitude
within ten miles left or right of the
desired course on an active flight plan or
direct-to.
ENT
enter
EPE
Estimated Position Error
EPU
Estimated Position Uncertainty
ERR
error
ESA
Enroute Safe Altitude
Estimated Position Error A measure of horizontal GPS position
error derived by satellite geometry
conditions and other factors.
Estimated Time of Arrival The estimated time at which the aircraft
should reach the destination waypoint,
based upon current speed and track.
Estimated Time Enroute The estimated time it takes to reach the
destination waypoint from the present
position, based upon current ground
speed.
ETA
Estimated Time of Arrival
ETE
Estimated Time Enroute
EXPIRD
expired
ºF
FA
FAA
FADEC
FAF
FAIL
FC
FCC
FCST
FD
FD
FDE
FFLOW
FIS-B
FISDL
FL
FLC
FM
FMS
FOB
FPL
fpm
FREQ
FRZ
FSS
ft
degrees Fahrenheit
Course From Fix to Altitude
Federal Aviation Administration
Full Authority Digital Engine Control
Final Approach Fix
failure
Course From Fix to Distance
Federal Communication Commission
forecast
Course From Fix to DME Distance
flight director
Fault Detection and Exclusion
fuel flow
Flight Information Services-Broadcast
Flight Information Service Data Link
flight level
Flight Level Change
Course From Fix to Manual Termination
Flight Management System
Fuel On Board
flight plan
feet per minute
frequency
freezing
Flight Service Station
foot/feet
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Appendix C
Fuel Flow
Fuel On Board
G/S, GS
GA
gal, gl
GBOX
GDC
GDL
GDU
GEA
GEO
GFC
GIA
GLS
GMA
GMC
GMT
GMU
GND
gph
GPS
Grid MORA
Groundspeed
Ground Track
GRS
GS
GTX
HA
HDG
Heading
The fuel flow rate, expressed in units of
fuel per hour.
The total amount of usable fuel on board
the aircraft.
glideslope
go-around
gallon(s)
gearbox
Garmin Air Data Computer
Garmin Satellite Data Link
Garmin Display Unit
Garmin Engine/Airframe Unit
geographic
Garmin Flight Control
Garmin Integrated Avionics Unit
Global Navigation Satellite Landing
System
Garmin Audio Panel System
Garmin Mode Controller
Greenwich Mean Time
Garmin Magnetometer Unit
ground
gallons per hour
Global Positioning System
Grid Minimum Off-Route Altitude; one
degree latitude by one degree longitude
in size and clears the highest elevation
reference point in the grid by 1000 feet
for all areas of the grid
The velocity that the aircraft is travelling
relative to a ground position.
see Track
Garmin Reference System
Ground speed
Garmin Transponder
Hold Terminating at Altitude
heading
The direction an aircraft is pointed,
based upon indications from a magnetic
compass or a properly set directional
gyro.
HF
Hold Terminating at Fix
HFOM
Horizontal Figure of Merit
Hg
mercury
HI
high
HI SENS
High Sensitivity
HM
Hold with Manual Termination
Horizontal Figure of Merit A measure of the uncertainty in the
aircraft’s horizontal position.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
hPa
HPL
hr
HSDB
HSI
HT
HUL
Hz
I
IAF
IAT
ICAO
ICS
ID
IDENT, IDNT
IF
IFR
IG
ILS
IMC
in
INACTV
INC FUEL
IND
Indicated
INFO
in HG
INT
INTEG
IrDA, IRDA
hectopascal
Horizontal Protection Level
hour
High-Speed Data Bus
Horizontal Situation Indicator
heat
Horizontal Uncertainty Level
Hertz
Inner Marker
Initial Approach Fix
Indicated Air Temperature
International Civil Aviation Organization
Intercom System
Identification/Morse Code Identifier
identification
Initial Fix
Instrument Flight Rules
Imperial gallon
Instrument Landing System
Instrument Meteorological Conditions
inch
inactive
increase fuel
indicated
Information provided by properly
calibrated and set instrumentation on
the aircraft panel.
information
inches of mercury
intersection(s)
integrity (RAIM unavailable)
Infrared Data Association
KEYSTK
kg
kHz
km
kt
key stuck
kilogram
kilohertz
kilometer
knot
L
left, left runway
LAT
latitude
LBL
label
lb
pound
LCD
Liquid Crystal Display
LCL
local
LED
Light Emitting Diode
Left Over Fuel On Board The amount of fuel remaining on board
after the completion of one or more legs
of a flight plan or direct-to.
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
641
Appendix C
Left Over Fuel Reserve The amount of flight time remaining,
based on the amount of fuel on board
after the completion of one or more legs
of a flight plan or direct-to, and a known
consumption rate.
Leg
The portion of a flight plan between two
waypoints.
LIFR
Low Instrument Flight Rules
LNAV
Lateral Navigation
LO
low
LOC
localizer
LOI
loss of integrity (GPS)
LON
longitude
LPV
Localizer Performance with Vertical
guidance
LRU
Line Replacement Unit
LT
left
LTNG
lightning
LVL
level
M
m
MAG
MAG VAR
MAHP
MAN IN
MAN SQ
MAP
MASQ
MAX
MAXSPD
MDA
MET
METAR
MEPT
MFD
MGRS
MHz
MIC
MIN
Minimum Safe Altitude
MKR
MOA
MOV
mpm
MSA
MSAS
642
Middle Marker
meter
Magnetic
Magnetic Variation
Missed Approach Hold Point
manifold pressure (inches Hg)
Manual Squelch
Missed Approach Point
Master Avionics Squelch
maximum
maximum speed (overspeed)
barometric minimum descent altitude
manual electric trim
Meteorological Aviation Routine
manual electric pitch trim
Multi Function Display
Military Grid Reference System
megahertz
microphone
minimum
Uses Grid MORAs to determine a safe
altitude within ten miles of the aircraft
present position.
marker beacon
Military Operations Area
movement
meters per minute
Minimum Safe Altitude
Multi-functional Satellite Augmentation
System
MSG
MSL
MT
mV
MVFR
message
Mean Sea Level
meter
millivolt(s)
Marginal Visual Flight Rules
N
NAV
NAVAID
NDB
NEXRAD
nm
NoPT
NRST
north
navigation
NAVigation AID
Non-directional Beacon
Next Generation Radar
nautical mile(s)
No Procedure Turn Required (procedure
shall not be executed without ATC
clearance)
nearest
O
OAT
OBS
OFST
OXY
Outer Marker
Outside Air Temperature
Omni Bearing Selector
offset
oxygen
P ALT
PA
PA
PASS
PC
PFD
PI
PIT, PTCH
POSN
PPM
P. POS
PRES, PRESS
PROC
psi
PT
PTK
PTT
PWR
pressure altitude
Passenger Address
Proximity Advisory
passenger(s)
personal computer
Primary Flight Display
Procedure Turn to Course Intercept
pitch
position
parts per million
Present Position
pressure
procedure(s), procedure turn
pounds per square inch
Procedure Turn
parallel track
Push-to-Talk
power
QTY
quantity
R
RAD
RAIM
right, right runway
radial
Receiver
Autonomous
Monitoring
random access memory
reference
RAM
REF
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
Integrity
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Appendix C
REM
REQ
RES
REV
RF
RMI
RMT
RNG
RNWY
ROL
ROM
rpm
RST FUEL
RSV
RT
RVRSNRY
RX
S
SA
SAT
SBAS
SCIT
SD
sec
SEL, SLCT
SFC
SIAP
SID
SIGMET
Sim
SLP/SKD
SMBL
SPD
SPI
SPKR
SQ
SRVC, SVC
STAL
STAR
STATS
STBY
STD
SUA
SUSP
SVS
SW
SYS
190-00728-03 Rev. A
remaining (fuel remaining above
Reserve)
required
reserve (fuel reserve entered by pilot)
reverse, revision, revise
Constant Radius Turn to Fix
Radio Magnetic Indicator
remote
range
runway
roll
read only memory
revolutions per minute
reset fuel
reserve (fuel reserve entered by pilot)
right
reversionary
receive
south
Selective Availability
Static Air Temperature
Satellite-Based Augmentation System
Storm Cell Identification and Tracking
Secure Digital
second(s)
select
surface
Standard
Instrument
Approach
Procedures
Standard Instrument Departure
Significant Meteorological Information
simulator
slip/skid
symbol
speed
Special Position Identification
speaker
squelch
service
stall
Standard Terminal Arrival Route
statistics
standby
standard
Special Use Airspace
suspend
Synthetic Vision System
software
system
T
TA
TACAN
TAF
TAS
TAS
TAT
TAWS
TCA
TCAS
TEL
TEMP
TERM
TF
TFR
T HDG
TIS
TIT
TKE
TMA
TMR/REF
Topo
Track
Track Angle Error
TRG
TRK
TRSA
TRUNC
TTL
TURN
TX
true
Traffic Advisory
Tactical Air Navigation System
Terminal Aerodrome Forecast
True Airspeed
Traffic Advisory System, true airspeed
Total Air Temperature
Terrain Awareness and Warning System
Terminal Control Area
Traffic Collision Avoidance System
telephone
temperature
terminal
Track Between Two Fixes
Temporary Flight Restriction
True Heading
Traffic Information System
Turbine Inlet Temperature
Track Angle Error
Terminal Maneuvering Area
Timer/Reference
topographic
Direction of aircraft movement relative
to a ground position; also ‘Ground
Track’
The angle difference between the
desired track and the current track.
target
track
Terminal Radar Service Area
truncated
total
procedure turn
transmit
UNAVAIL
USR
UTC
UTM/UPS
unavailable
user
Coordinated Universal Time
Universal Transverse Mercator / Universal
Polar Stereographic Grid
V, Vspeed
VA
VAPP
VAR
VD
Vdc
VERT
velocity (airspeed)
Heading Vector to Altitude
VOR approach
variation
Heading Vector to DME Distance
volts, direct current
vertical
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
643
Appendix C
Vertical Figure of Merit A measure of the uncertainty in the
aircraft’s vertical position.
Vertical Speed Required The vertical speed necessary to descend/
climb from a current position and altitude
to a defined target position and altitude,
based upon current groundspeed.
VFOM
Vertical Figure of Merit
VFR
Visual Flight Rules
VHF
Very High Frequency
VI
Heading Vector to Intercept
VLOC
VOR/Localizer Receiver
VM
Heading Vector to Manual Termination
VMC
Visual Meteorological Conditions
VNAV, VNV
vertical navigation
VOL
volume
VOR
VHF Omni-directional Range
VORTAC
very high frequency omnidirectional
range station and tactical air navigation
VPL
Vertical Protection Level
VPROF
VNV profile, vertical profile
VPTH
VNV path, vertical path
VR
Heading Vector to Radial
VS
vertical speed
VSI
Vertical Speed Indicator
VSR
Vertical Speed Required
VTF
vector to final
644
W
WAAS
WARN
WGS-84
WPT
WW
WX
watt(s), west
Wide Area Augmentation System
warning (GPS position error)
World Geodetic System - 1984
waypoint(s)
world wide
weather
XFER, XFR
XPDR
XTALK
XTK
transfer
transponder
cross-talk
cross-track
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Appendix D
Frequently Asked Questions
If a particular aspect of system operational capability is not addressed by these commonly asked questions or in
the index, contact Garmin (see the copyright page or back cover for contact information) or a Garmin-authorized
dealer. Garmin is dedicated to supporting its products and customers.
What is SBAS?
The Satellite Based Augmentation System (SBAS) uses a system of ground stations to correct any GPS signal
errors. These ground stations correct for errors caused by ionospheric disturbances, timing, and satellite
orbit errors. It also provides vital integrity information regarding the health of each GPS satellite. The signal
correction is then broadcast through geostationary satellites. This correction information can then be received
by any SBAS-enabled GPS receiver.
SBAS is designed to provide the additional accuracy, availability, and integrity necessary to enable users to rely
on GPS for all phases of flight.
There are several SBAS systems serving different parts of the world. The Wide Area Augmentation System
(WAAS) is currently available in the United States, including Alaska and Hawaii. The European Geostationary
Navigation Overlay Service (EGNOS) offers coverage of Europe, parts of the middle east and northern Africa. The
Multi-functional Satellite Augmentation System (MSAS) covers mainly Japan and parts of northern Australia.
How does SBAS affect approach operations?
Both LNAV/VNAV and LPV approaches use the accuracy of SBAS to include vertical (glide path) guidance
capability. The additional accuracy and vertical guidance capability allows improved instrument approaches to
an expanded number of airports throughout the U.S.
The implementation of LPV approaches further improves precision approach capabilities. LPV approaches
are designed to make full use of the improved GPS signal from the SBAS. This approach combines the LNAV/
VNAV vertical accuracy with lateral guidance similar to the typical Instrument Landing System (ILS). LPV
approaches allow lower approach minimums.
What is RAIM and how does it affect approach operations?
RAIM is an acronym for Receiver Autonomous Integrity Monitoring. RAIM is a GPS receiver function that
performs the following functions:
• Monitors and verifies integrity and geometry of tracked GPS satellites
• Notifies the pilot when satellite conditions do not provide the necessary coverage to support a certain phase
of flight
• Predicts satellite coverage of a destination area to determine whether the number of available satellites is
sufficient to satisfy requirements
NOTE: If RAIM is not predicted to be available for the final approach course, the approach does not become
active, as indicated by the “RAIM not available from FAF to MAP” message and the LOI annunciation
flagging on the HSI.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
645
Appendix D
For RAIM to work correctly, the GPS receiver must track at least five satellites. A minimum of six satellites is
required to allow RAIM to eliminate a single corrupt satellite from the navigation solution.
RAIM ensures that satellite geometry allows for a navigation solution calculation within a specified protection
limit (2.0 nm for oceanic and en route, 1.0 nm for terminal, and 0.3 nm for non-precision approaches). The
system monitors RAIM and issues an alert message when RAIM is not available (see Appendix A). Without
RAIM, GPS position accuracy cannot be monitored. If RAIM is not available when crossing the FAF, the pilot
must fly the missed approach procedure.
Why are there not any approaches available for a flight plan?
Approaches are available for the final destination airport in a flight plan or as a direct-to (keep in mind
that some VOR/VORTAC identifiers are similar to airport identifiers). If a destination airport does not have a
published approach, the system indicates “NONE” for the available procedures.
What happens when an approach is selected? Can a flight plan with an approach, a departure, or an
arrival be stored?
When an approach, departure, or arrival is loaded into the active flight plan, a set of approach, departure,
or arrival waypoints is inserted into the flight plan, along with a header line showing the title of the selected
instrument procedure. The original en route portion of the flight plan remains active, unless the instrument
procedure is activated. This may be done either when the procedure is loaded or at a later time.
Flight plans can also be stored with an approach, a departure, or an arrival. Note that the active flight plan
is erased when the system is turned off. Also, the active flight plan is overwritten when another flight plan is
activated. When storing flight plans with an approach, a departure, or an arrival, the system uses the waypoint
information from the current database to define the waypoints. If the database is changed or updated, the
system automatically updates the information, provided the procedure has not been modified. Should an
approach, departure, or arrival procedure no longer be available, the flight plan becomes locked until the
procedure is deleted from the flight plan.
Can “slant Golf” (“/G”) be filed using the Prodigy® System?
“/G” may be filed for a flight plan. The Prodigy® System meets the requirements of TSO-C145a Class 3
and ETSO C145 Class 3 installations. GPS approaches are not to be flown with an expired database. See the
approved Pilot’s Operating Handbook (POH) as well as the Aeronautical Information Manual (AIM) for more
information.
What does the OBS Softkey do?
The OBS Softkey is used to select manual sequencing of waypoints. Activating OBS mode sets the current
active-to waypoint as the primary navigation reference and prevents the system from sequencing to the next
waypoint in a flight plan. When OBS mode is cancelled, automatic waypoint sequencing is continued, and
the system automatically activates the next waypoint in the flight plan once the aircraft has crossed the present
active waypoint.
646
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Appendix D
Normal (OBS not activated)
• Automatic sequencing of waypoints
OBS
• Manual sequencing - ‘holds’ on selected
waypoint
• Manual course change on HSI not possible
• Manually select course to waypoint from
HSI
• Always navigates ‘TO’ the active waypoint
• Indicates ‘TO’ or ‘FROM’ waypoint
• Must be in this mode for final approach
course
• Cannot be set for final approach course or
published holding patterns
When OBS mode is active, the system allows the pilot to set a desired course to/from a waypoint using the
CRS/BARO Knob and HSI (much like a VOR).
The most common application for using the OBS Softkey is the missed approach. The system suspends
automatic waypoint sequencing (indicated by a ‘SUSP’ annunciation placed on the HSI) when the missed
approach point (MAP) is crossed. This prevents the system from automatically sequencing to the missed
approach holding point (MAHP). During this time, the OBS Softkey designation changes to SUSP. Pressing
the SUSP Softkey reactivates automatic waypoint sequencing. The OBS Softkey then resumes its normal
functionality.
Why does the system not automatically sequence to the next waypoint?
The system only sequences flight plan waypoints when automatic sequencing is enabled (i.e., no “OBS” or
‘SUSP’ annunciation). For automatic sequencing to occur, the aircraft must also cross the “bisector” of the turn
being navigated. The bisector is a line passing through the waypoint common to two flight plan legs at an
equal angle from each leg.
How can a waypoint be skipped in an approach, a departure, or an arrival?
The system allows the pilot to manually select any approach, departure, or arrival leg as the active leg of
the flight plan. This procedure is performed on the MFD from the Active Flight Plan Page by highlighting the
desired waypoint and selecting the ACT LEG Softkey then the ENT Key to approve the selection. The GPS
then provides navigation along the selected flight plan leg.
When does turn anticipation begin?
The system smooths adjacent leg transitions based on a normal 15° bank angle (with the ability to roll up to
30°) and provides three pilot cues for turn anticipation:
• A waypoint alert (‘Next DTK ###° in # seconds’ or ‘Next HDG ###° in # seconds’) appears on the PFD 10
seconds before the turn point and flashes as it counts down to zero.
• A flashing turn advisory (‘Turn [right/left] to ###° in # seconds’) appears on the PFD 10 seconds before the
turn and flashes as it counts down to zero. ‘Turn [right/left] to ###° now’ or ‘Next [DTK/HDG] to ###° now’
is displayed when the pilot is to begin the turn and the HSI (GPS mode) automatically sequences to the next
DTK or HDG value.
• The To/From indicator on the HSI flips momentarily to indicate that the midpoint of the turn has been
crossed.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
647
Appendix D
When does the CDI scale change?
Once a departure is activated, the Prodigy® Course Deviation Indicator (CDI) full scale deflection is set to
0.3 nm. The CDI scale changes to 1.0 nm (terminal mode) then ramps up to 2.0 nm (enroute mode) at 30 nm
from the departure airport. When 31 nm from the destination, the CDI scale smoothly transition from 2.0 nm
back to 1.0 nm (terminal mode). At 2.0 nm before the FAF during an active approach, the CDI scale transitions
down further based on the type of approach activated (LNAV, LNAV/VNAV, LPV). When a missed approach is
activated, the CDI is set to 0.3 nm. See the Flight Instruments Section for more details on CDI scaling.
Why does the HSI not respond like a VOR when OBS mode is active?
Unlike a VOR, the CDI scale used on GPS equipment is based on the crosstrack distance to the desired
course, not on the angular relationship to the destination. Therefore, the CDI deflection on the GPS is constant
regardless of the distance to the destination and does not become less sensitive when further away from the
destination.
What is the correct missed approach procedure? How is the missed approach holding point selected?
To comply with TSO specifications, the system does not automatically sequence past the MAP. The first
waypoint in the missed approach procedure becomes the active waypoint when the SUSP Softkey is selected
after crossing the MAP, or the go-around button is pressed. All published missed approach procedures must be
followed, as indicated on the approach plate.
To execute the missed approach procedure prior to the MAP (not recommended), select the Active Flight Plan
Page and use the ACT LEG Softkey to activate the missed approach portion of the procedure.
After a missed approach, how can the same approach be re-selected? How can a new approach be
activated?
NOTE: Do not attempt to reactivate the current approach prior to crossing the missed approach point
(MAP). If an attempt to do so is made, an alert message “Are you sure you want to discontinue the current
approach?” appears. The system directs the pilot back to the transition waypoint and does not take into
consideration any missed approach procedures, if the current approach is reactivated.
After flying the missed approach procedure, the pilot may reactivate the same approach for another attempt by
pressing the PROC Key. Once the clearance is given for another attempt, activate the approach by highlighting
‘Activate Approach’ using the large FMS Knob and pressing the ENT Key. The system provides navigation
along the desired course to the waypoint and rejoins the approach in sequence from that point.
To activate a new approach for the same airport, select the new procedure by pressing the PROC Key. Choose
‘Select Approach’, select the desired approach from the list shown, and press the ENT Key. Select the
desired transition, then activate the approach using the ENT Key.
To activate a new approach to a different airport, press the Direct-to Key and select the desired airport using
the FMS Knobs. Press the ENT Key to accept the selected airport, then follow the steps in the preceding
paragraph to select an approach for the new airport.
648
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Appendix E
General TIS Information
Introduction
NOTE: Aircraft without an operating transponder are invisible to TIS.
The Traffic Information Service (TIS) provides traffic advisory information to non-TAS/TCAS-equipped
aircraft. TIS is a ground-based service providing the relative locations of all ATCRBS Mode-A and Mode-C
transponder equipped aircraft within a specified service volume. The TIS ground sensor uses real-time track
reports to generate traffic notification. The system displays TIS traffic information on the Traffic Map Page of
the MFD. TIS information may also be displayed for overlay on the MFD Navigation Map Page, as well as on
the PFD Inset Map. Surveillance data includes all transponder-equipped aircraft within the coverage volume.
The system displays up to eight traffic targets within a 7.5 nm radius, from 3,000 feet below, to 3,500 feet above
the requesting aircraft.
TIS vs. TAS/TCAS
The Traffic Information System (TIS) is a ground-based service that requires contact with a ground station
through a datalink radio in order to receive traffic information. Traffic Advisory (TAS) and Traffic Collision
Avoidance Systems (TCAS) are self-contained. TAS/TCAS uses an airborne interrogator with a half-second
update rate, while TIS utilizes the terminal Mode-S ground interrogator and accompanying data link to provide
a five-second update rate. TIS and TAS/TCAS have similar ranges.
TIS Limitations
NOTE: TIS is not intended to be used as a collision avoidance system and does not relieve the pilot of the
responsibility to “see and avoid” other aircraft. TIS shall not be used for avoidance maneuvers during
instrument meterorlogical conditions (IMC) or when there is no visual contact with the intruder aircraft.
Note: Refer to the TIS Limitations section of the Aeronautical Information Manual (AIM) for a more
comprehensive explanation.
TIS relies on surveillance of the Mode-S radar system, which is a “secondary surveillance” radar system similar
to that used by ATCRBS. Many limitations are inherent in secondary radar surveillance. Information provided
by TIS is neither better nor more accurate than the information used by ATC. TIS is intended only to assist in
visual acquisition of other aircraft in visual meterological conditions (VMC). While TIS is a useful aid for visual
traffic avoidance, system limitations must be considered to ensure proper use. No recommended avoidance
maneuvers are given, nor authorized, as a direct result of a TIS intruder display or TIS advisory.
• TIS operation may be intermittent during turns or other maneuvering.
• TIS is dependent on two-way, line-of-sight communications between the aircraft and the Mode-S radar
antenna. Whenever the structure of the aircraft comes between the transponder antenna and the groundbased radar antenna, the signal may be temporarily interrupted.
• Other limitations and anomalies associated with TIS are described in the AIM.
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
649
Appendix E
WARNING: Garmin is not responsible for Mode S geographical coverage. Operation of the ground stations
is the responsibility of the FAA. Refer to the AIM for a Terminal Mode S radar site map.
NOTE: TIS is unavailable at low altitudes in many areas of the United States. This is often the case in
mountainous regions.
TIS information is collected during a single radar sweep. Collected information is then sent through the
Mode S uplink on the next radar sweep. Because of this, the surveillance information is approximately five
seconds old. TIS ground station tracking software uses prediction algorithms to compensate for this delay.
These algorithms use track history data to calculate expected intruder positions consistent with the time of
display. Occasionally, aircraft maneuvering may cause variations in this calculation and create slight errors on
the Traffic Map Page. Errors affect relative bearing information and target track vector. This can cause a delay in
the displayed intruder information. However, intruder distance and altitude typically remain relatively accurate
and may be used to assist in spotting traffic.
The following errors are common examples:
• When the client or intruder aircraft maneuvers excessively or abruptly, the tracking algorithm may report
incorrect horizontal position until the maneuvering aircraft stabilizes.
• When a rapidly closing intruder is on a course that intercepts the client aircraft course at a shallow angle
(either overtaking or head-on) and either aircraft abruptly changes course within 0.25 nm, TIS may display
the intruder aircraft on the incorrect side of the client aircraft.
These are rare occurrences and are typically resolved within a few radar sweeps once the client/intruder
aircraft course stabilizes.
Pilots using TIS can provide valuable assistance in the correction of malfunctions by reporting observations
of undesirable performance. Reports should identify the time of observation, location, type and identity of
the aircraft, and describe the condition observed. Reports should also include the type of transponder and
transponder software version. Since TIS performance is monitored by maintenance personnel, not ATC,
malfunctions should be reported in the following ways:
• By telephone to the nearest Flight Service Station (FSS) facility
• By FAA Form 8000-7, Safety Improvement Report (postage-paid card can be obtained at FAA FSSs, General
Aviation District Offices, Flight Standards District Offices, and General Aviation Fixed Base Operators)
650
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Appendix F
Display Symbols
NOTE: Refer to the GPS Navigation Section for the topography legend and the Hazard Avoidance Section
for XM Weather Product legends.
Airport
Line Symbols
Item
Symbol
Unknown Airport
Item
ICAO Control Area
Class B Airspace
Symbol
Mode C Tower Area
Non-towered, Non-serviced Airport
Warning Area Prohibited Area
Alert Area
Restricted Area
Caution Area Training Area
Danger Area
Unknown Area
Class C
Terminal Radar Service Area
Mode C Area
Towered, Non-serviced Airport
Non-towered, Serviced Airport
Towered, Serviced Airport
Military Operations Area (MOA)
Restricted (Private) Airport
State or Province Border
Heliport
International Border
NAVAIDS
Road
Item
Symbol
Intersection
LOM (compass locator at outer marker)
Railroad
Latitude/Longitude
NDB (non-directional radio beacon)
VOR
VOR/DME
VOR/ILS
VORTAC
TACAN
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
651
Appendix F
Miscellaneous
Traffic
Item
Symbol
ARTCC Frequency or FSS Frequency
Traffic
Symbol
Description
Non-Threat Traffic
Default Map Pointer
Proximity Advisory (PA) (Not avialable with TIS
Elevation Pointer
Traffic Advisory (TA)
Wind Vector
Traffic Advisory Off Scale
Measuring Pointer
Resolution Advisory (RA) (TCAS II only)
Resolution Advisory Off Scale (TCAS II only)
Overzoom Indicator
Terrain Proximity or TAWS Enabled
Traffic Enabled
User Waypoint
Vertical Navigation Along Track Waypoint
Parallel Track Waypoint
Unanchored Flight Path Waypoint
Top of Descent (TOD)
Bottom of Descent (BOD)
Navigating using Dead Reckoning
652
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Appendix F
Terrain Avoidance Colors and Symbols
Potential Impact Point
Terrain Above Aircraft Altitude
Projected Flight Path
100 ft Threshold
1000 ft
Unlighted Obstacle
Terrain Color
Terrain Location
Red (WARNING) Terrain above, or within 100 ft below the aircraft altitude
Yellow (CAUTION) Terrain between 100 ft and 1000 ft below the aircraft altitude
Black
Terrain more than 1000 ft below the aircraft altitude
TAWS Color Chart
Figure E-3 TAWS Potential Impact Points
Obstacle Symbol
Unlighted Obstacle
Lighted Obstacle
Height < 1000 ft AGL > 1000 ft AGL < 1000 ft AGL > 1000 ft AGL
Obstacle
Color
Obstacle Location
Red
(WARNING)
Obstacle within 100 ft of
or above aircraft altitude
Yellow
(CAUTION)
Obstacle within 1000 ft of
aircraft altitude
Gray
Obstacle more than 1000
ft below aircraft altitude
Obstacle Symbols and Colors
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
653
Appendix F
Hazard Avoidance Features
Feature
Symbol
Terrain Proximity/TAWS display enabled
Traffic display enabled
NEXRAD display enabled
Cloud Top display enabled
Echo Top display enabled
XM Lightning display enabled
Cell Movement display enabled
SIGMETs/AIRMETs display enabled
METARs display enabled
City Forecast display enabled
Surface Analysis display enabled
Freezing Levels display enabled
Winds Aloft display enabled
County Warnings display enabled
Cyclone Warnings display enabled
Icing Potential (CIP and SLD) (ICNG)
Pilot Weather Report (PIREPs)
Air Report (AIREPs)
Turbulence (TURB)
Loss of hazard avoidance feature
(due to loss of GPS position)
654
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Index
A
Abnormal engine operations------------------------------119
Access code--------------------------------------------------549
Activate a Flight Plan---------------------------------------249
Active frequency------------------------------------- 126, 135
ADF---------------------------------------------------------144
ADF
ADF mode------------------------------------------ 144, 146
ANT mode-------------------------------------------------146
ADF/BFO-----------------------------------------------------146
ADF/DME tuning--------------------------------------------147
Advisories, CAS--------------------------------------- 117–118
AFCS status box---------------------------------------------- 58
AHRS----------------------------- 29, 30, 609, 617, 618, 620
Airborne Color Weather Radar----------------------------350
Aircraft symbol----------------------------------------------- 64
Air Data Computer---------------------------1, 30, 607, 609
AIREP---------------------------------------------------------348
Airport
Information-----------------------------------------------207
Nearest----------------------------------------------------- 48
Airspace alerts-----------------------------------------------223
Airspace Alerts----------------------------------------------223
Airspeed bug----------------------------------------- 447, 455
Airspeed Indicator---------------------------------------58, 60
Airspeed Reference----------------------------- 58, 449–450
Airways-------------------------------------------------------- 23
Collapsed--------------------------------------------------262
Expanded--------------------------------------------------262
Alert messages----------------------------------------------619
Alerts
Airspace---------------------------------------------------- 44
Alerts, Aircraft-----------------------------------------------601
Along Track Offset------------------------------------------254
ALT------------------------------------------------------------315
altimeter------------------------------------------------------- 65
Altimeter--------------------------------------------------58, 65
Altitude alerting---------------------------------------------- 88
Altitude buffer------------------------------------------------ 45
Altitude constraints---------------------------------- 265, 302
Altitude Hold Mode----------------------------------------446
Altitude trend vector---------------------------------------- 65
Annunciations
Test tone---------------------------------------------------- 49
Annunciations, Prodigy System---------------------------- 30
Annunciator lights------------------------------------------158
ANT/BFO-----------------------------------------------------146
Antenna stabilization--------------------------------------367
Antenna tilt--------------------------------------------------364
AOPA Airport Directory----------- 487, 544, 545, 546, 634
Approach-----------------------------------------------------646
Activating-------------------------------------------------278
ILS----------------------------------------------------------479
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Loading--------------------------------------- 246, 275, 277
Missed-----------------------------------------------------482
Removing--------------------------------------------------278
WAAS------------------------------------------------------481
Approach Mode-------------------------------------- 465, 479
Approach Mode, AFCS-------------------------------------481
APR softkey------------------------------------------- 277, 283
Arrival procedure------230, 244, 272, 274, 300, 302, 311
Attitude---------------------------------------------------------- 1
Attitude & Heading Reference System-------------------607
Attitude indicator------------------------------ 58, 63, 63–64
Attitude Indicator-------------------------------------------426
Audio Panel Fail-Safe Operation--------------------------167
Aural alerts--------------------------------------------------628
Automatic Flight Control System (AFCS)--------- 437–486
Alerts and annunciations------------------------ 484–485
Controls-------------------------------------------- 438–439
Status Box-------------------------------------------------441
Automatic squelch------------------------------------------134
Automatic Thrust Reserve (ATR)---------------------99–100
Automatic Thrust Reserve Status-------------------------100
Autopilot----------------------------------------437, 467–469
Autopilot Disconnect-------------------------------- 439, 459
Auto-tuning--------------------------------------------------142
Auto-tuning, COM------------------------------------------129
Auto-tuning, NAV-------------------------------------------138
Auto Zoom---------------------------------------------------175
Auxiliary Pages (AUX)--------------------------------------- 38
AUX - system status page-504, 506, 525, 526, 541, 542,
543, 546
Aviation Symbols------------------------------------- 187, 230
B
Backlighting----------------------------------------------54, 55
Barometric setting----------------------------------58, 66–67
Baro Transition Alert----------------------------------------- 68
Basic Empty Weight----------------------------------------284
Basic Operating Weight------------------------------------284
Battery indications------------------------------------- 98, 102
Bearing/distance, measuring------------------------------182
Bearing information----------------------------------------- 59
Bearing line------------------------------------------- 362, 366
Bearing pointer----------------------------------------------- 73
Bearing source----------------------------------------------- 74
C
Cabin speaker-----------------------------------------------158
Calibrated Airspeed-----------------------------------------280
Cargo---------------------------------------------------------285
Cautions, CAS---------------------------------------- 115–117
CDI---------------------------- 274, 291, 302, 310, 317, 621
CELL MOV Softkey------------------------------------------337
Chart Not Available---------------------------------- 508, 528
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
I-1
Index
Chart options----------------------------------------- 516, 535
CHART SETUP box----------------------------------- 522, 539
ChartView--------------------------------------- 487, 507, 525
Checklists--------------------------------------------- 594–595
Checklist softkeys-------------------------------------------594
City Forecast-------------------------------------------------341
CLD TOP Softkey--------------------------------------------335
Clearance Recorder and Player---------------------------161
Closest Point-------------------------------------------------262
CLR Key-------------------------------------------------------157
Code selection softkeys------------------------------------155
COM channel spacing--------------------------------------133
COM frequency box----------------------------------------- 58
COM Frequency Box----------------------------------------126
Command Bars----------------------------------------------443
Commanded N1 Rating------------------------------------100
Comparator window---------------------------------------- 86
COM radio
Channel spacing------------------------------------------ 48
COM Tuning Failure-----------------------------------------165
Controls
Softkeys------------------------------------------------ 15–18
Control Wheel Steering (CWS)--------------------- 439, 468
Copy a Flight Plan------------------------------------------249
County Warnings--------------------------------------------344
Course deviation indicator (CDI)----------------------58, 75
Course Deviation Indicator (CDI)-------------------------- 47
Course To Altitude------------------------------------------279
Crew Alerting System (CAS)------------------------ 113–119
Messages------------------------------------------- 113–118
Cruise Speed Control (CSC)-------------------------------102
Current Speed Control Arc--------------------------------100
Cyclone-------------------------------------------------------345
D
Data Bar fields, MFD---------------------------------------- 46
Database------------------------------------------------------ 26
Databases----------------------------------------------------631
Database synchronization--------------- 49, 634, 636, 637
Data link-------------------------------------------------------- 1
Data Link Receiver troubleshooting----------------------599
Data report--------------------------------------------------- 38
Data reports------------------------------581, 582, 583, 584
Date and time------------------------------------------------ 43
Day/Night Views------------------------------------- 522, 539
Day View---------------------------------------------- 523, 540
Dead reckoning---------------------------------------------- 93
Declutter------------------------------------------------------ 23
Declutter, display--------------------------------------------- 94
Delete Flight Plans------------------------------------------250
Deleting an entire airway--------------------------- 251, 252
Deleting an entire procedure----------------------- 251, 252
Deleting an individual waypoint------------------- 251, 252
Deleting Flight Plan Items---------------------------------251
Density Altitude---------------------------------------------282
I-2
Departure
Select------------------------------------269, 272, 275, 278
Timer-------------------------------------------------------- 51
Departure procedure--------------------242, 256, 269, 271
Departure Time----------------------------------------------280
Digital audio entertainment---------------------------------- 4
Dilution of Precision (DOP)--------------------------------- 32
Direct-to-200, 224, 225, 226, 227, 228, 263, 264, 300, 302,
317
Display backup----------------------------------------- 28, 125
Diversity transponder---------------------------------------148
DME
HOLD mode-----------------------------------------------147
NAV1 mode-----------------------------------------------147
NAV2 mode-----------------------------------------------147
Tuning mode--------------------------------------- 144, 147
DME audio---------------------------------------------------136
DME information--------------------------------------------- 74
DME information window---------------------------------- 59
Door status--------------------------------------------------105
E
ECHO TOP Softkey------------------------------------------334
Electrical indications--------------------------------- 102, 108
Electronic checklists--------------------------- 594, 595, 596
Emergency checklist----------------------------------------595
Emergency frequency---------------------------------------165
Engine failure------------------------------------------------119
Engine Fan
Speed---------------------------------------------------------100
Engine fire---------------------------------------------------119
Engine High Pressure Compressor Speed---------------100
Engine Indication System (EIS)-----------------------98–105
Engine maintenance----------------------------------------112
Engine rotation speeds------------------------------- 98, 100
Entering Flight ID-------------------------------------------148
Entertainment inputs---------------------------------------162
Environmental Control System (ECS)------------- 106–107
Estimated Landing Fuel------------------------------------286
Estimated Position Error (EPE)----------------------------- 32
Ethernet------------------------------------------------------- 27
Excess Fuel Weight-----------------------------------------286
Export Flight Plan-------------------------------------------628
F
Failure
Input-------------------------------------------------------- 29
Field of View (SVS)------------------------------------------198
Flap indicator-------------------------------------98, 104, 120
Flight director-----------------------------------437, 440–441
Modes, lateral------------------------------------- 460–486
Modes, vertical------------------------------------ 444–458
Switching--------------------------------------------------442
Flight ID------------------------------------------------------157
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
190-00728-03 Rev. A
Index
Flight instruments--------------------------------------- 57–72
Flight Level Change Mode-------------------------- 449, 475
Flight plan
Closest point to reference------------------------------262
Storing-----------------------------------------------------646
Flight timer---------------------------------------------------- 51
FliteCharts-------------------------------------------- 487, 527
FliteCharts®-------------------------------------------------487
FliteCharts cycle---------------------------------------------542
FliteCharts expiration--------------------------------------542
FliteCharts functions---------------------------------------527
FPA----------------------------------------------------- 265, 307
Freezing Levels----------------------------------------------342
Frequency
Nearest----------------------------------------------------220
Frequency spacing------------------------------------------133
Frequency transfer arrow----------------------------------127
Frequently asked questions--------------------------------645
Fuel
Efficiency--------------------------------------------------282
Endurance-------------------------------------------------282
Remaining-------------------------------------------------282
Required---------------------------------------------------282
Fuel indications----------------------------------98, 102, 109
Fuel on Board---------------------------------- 282, 285, 286
Fuel Statistics------------------------------------------------282
G
Gain-----------------------------------------------------------365
Garmin Flight Data Services------------------------ 487, 581
GDC 74A-------------------------------------------------------- 1
GDL 69/69A----------------------------------------------1, 321
GDU 1040------------------------------------------------------ 1
GEA 71---------------------------------------------------------- 1
GFC 700------------------------------------------------------437
GIA 63----------------------------------------------------------- 1
Glidepath-----------------------------------------------------315
Glidepath indicator------------------------------------------ 69
Glidepath Mode-------------------------------------- 456, 465
Glidepath Mode (GP)---------------------------------------481
Glideslope----------------------------------------------------315
Glideslope indicator----------------------------------------- 69
Glideslope Mode------------------------------------- 458, 479
Global Positioning System (GPS)
Navigation----------------------------------------- 224–320
Receiver information--------------------------------- 31–33
GMA 1347---------------------------------------------1, 26, 54
GMU 44--------------------------------------------------------- 1
Go Around Mode------------------------------459, 482–483
GPS Window-------------------------------------------------635
Ground mapping--------------------------------------------369
Groundspeed------------------------------------------------- 52
190-00728-03 Rev. A
GRS 77---------------------------------------------------------- 1
GTS 850------------------------------------------------------411
GTX 33---------------------------------------------------------- 1
H
Heading bug----------------------------------------------58, 70
Heading Bug-------------------------------------------------- 58
Heading indicator-------------------------------------------- 58
Heading Select Mode--------------------------------------462
HI SENS-------------------------------------------------------143
Horizontal scan--------360, 361, 362, 363, 364, 367, 368
Horizontal situation indicator------------------------- 70–72
Horizontal situation indicator (HSI)----------------------- 58
HSI double green arrow------------------------------------135
HSI magenta arrow-----------------------------------------135
HSI single green arrow-------------------------------------135
hurricane-----------------------------------------------------345
I
Icing-----------------------------------------------------------346
IDENT function----------------------------------------------157
ID indicator--------------------------------------------------137
ILS approach-------------------------------------------------479
Import Flight Plan-------------------------------------------628
Indicated airspeed------------------------------------------- 60
Indicated Altitude-------------------------------------------280
Initialization (system)---------------------------------------- 26
Intercom------------------------------------------------------159
Intersection
Information---------------------------------------- 208–209
Interstage Turbine Temperature---------------------------100
Interstage Turbine Temperature (ITT)---------------- 98, 119
Inverting a flight plan--------------------------------------249
IOI------------------------------------------377, 389, 623, 625
Iridium satellite network--- 547, 551, 556, 560, 562, 564
ITT Steady State Limit--------------------------------------100
J
Jeppesen aviation database-------------------------------631
K
Key(s)------------------------------------------------------- 9, 11
L
Landing Field Elevation (LFE)-----------------------------103
Landing gear status----------------------------------- 98, 104
Land Symbols------------------------------------------------186
Lateral modes, flight director----------------------- 460–486
LNAV----------------------------------------------------------291
LO SENS------------------------------------------------------143
Low altitude annunciation---------------------------------- 89
Embraer Prodigy® Flight Deck 100 Pilot’s Guide
I-3
Index
Low Altitude Annunciation--------------------------------- 89
Low speed data-------------------------------------- 547, 550
LPV----------------------------------------------- 291, 317, 470
Navigation status box--------------------------------------- 58
Nav radio selection-----------------------------------------135
Nearest
Airports---------------------------------------- 48, 220–223
M
VOR------------------------------------------------- 220–221
nearest
airport---------------------------------- 204, 205, 206
Mach number------------------------------------------------ 60
Nearest
Airport-------------------- 204, 205, 206, 207, 277
Mach number indicator------------------------------------- 58
Minimum
Runway Length------------------------------207
Magnetometer-------------------------------------------- 1, 30
Surface
Matching----------------------------------------207
Map pages---------------------------------------------------- 37
Nearest airports, frequency tuning-----------------------129
Map Panning------------------------------------------------177
Nearest Airports Page------------------------- 205, 206, 207
Marker beacon----------------------------------------- 87, 143
Nearest Pages (NRST)--------------------------------------- 39
MASQ processing-------------------------------------------121
NEXRAD------------------------------------------------------- 23
Measurement units, changing displayed----------------- 44
NEXRAD Softkey--------------------------------------------330
Menus--------------------------------------------------------- 35
Message advisories-611, 612, 613, 614, 616, 617, 618, 620, Night view-------------------------------------------- 523, 540
NO COMP----------------------------------------------------606
621, 622
Non-path descent------------------------------454, 477–478
Messages
Normal operating mode------------------------------------ 27
Reminder--------------------------------------------------- 52
Messages window------------------------------------------593
O
MFD Data Bar fields----------------------------------------- 46
Minimum descent altitude------------------------------59, 89
Obstacles---------------------------------------------- 613, 615
MISCOMP----------------------------------------------------606
Odometer----------------------------------------------------- 52
Missed approach--------------------------------------------482
Oil, engine---------------------------------------------- 98, 100
Missed Approach----------------- 230, 279, 287, 291, 317
Omni-bearing selector (OBS)------------------------------- 81
MKR/MUTE--------------------------------------------------143
Omni Bearing Selector (OBS)----------------------- 646–647
Mode S------------------------------- 18, 148, 150, 151, 154
Other Statistics--------------------------------------- 280, 282
Mode selection softkeys--------- 149, 150, 151, 152, 153
Outside Air Temperature (OAT)---------------------------- 99
Mode S Transponder----------------------------------------148
Overspeed protection, autopilot--------------------------444
GTX 33/33D Controls-----------------------------------149
Overview-------------------------------------------------------- 1
GTX 33/33D Mode Selection---------------------------150
P
TCAS II Transponder Controls--------------------------152
TCAS II Transponder Mode Selection------------------153
Page groups--------------------------------------------- 36–39
Morse code identifier---------------------------------------137
Parallel Track------------------------------------------ 255, 256
Multi Function Display (MFD)
Passenger----------------------------------------------------285
Softkeys----------------------------------------------------- 22
Passenger Address (PA) System---------------------------160
Music 1-------------------------------------------------------162
Passengers-------------------------------------------- 284, 285
Music 2-------------------------------------------------------162
PFD failure---------------------------------------------------166
Pilot and Stores Weight------------------------------------284
N
Pilot profiles--------------------------------------------- 41–42
N1 for Thrust Rating Max Speed-------------------------100
PIREP---------------------------------------------------------348
N1 gauge---------------------------------------100–101, 119
Pitch Hold Mode----------