Garmin | G1000: Beechcraft King Air C90A/C90GT/C90GTi | Garmin G1000: Beechcraft King Air C90A/C90GT/C90GTi Cockpit Reference Guide for G1000 Beechcraft King Air C90A/GT

Garmin G1000: Beechcraft King Air C90A/C90GT/C90GTi Cockpit Reference Guide for G1000 Beechcraft King Air C90A/GT
G1000
®
Integrated Flight Deck
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Hawker Beechcraft C90A/GT
FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS
NAV/COM/TRANSPONDER/AUDIO PANEL
AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
GPS NAVIGATION
FLIGHT PLANNING
PROCEDURES
HAZARD AVOIDANCE
ADDITIONAL FEATURES
ANNUNCIATIONS & ALERTS
APPENDIX
INDEX
Copyright © 2007 Garmin Ltd. or its subsidiaries. All rights reserved.
This manual reflects the operation of System Software version 0636.00 or later for the Hawker
Beechcraft C90A/GT. Some differences in operation may be observed when comparing the
information in this manual to earlier or later software versions.
Garmin International, Inc., 1200 East 151st Street, Olathe, Kansas 66062, U.S.A.
Tel: 913/397.8200
Fax: 913/397.8282
Garmin AT, Inc., 2345 Turner Road SE, Salem, OR 97302, U.S.A.
Tel: 503/391.3411
Fax 503/364.2138
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Southampton, SO40 9RB, U.K.
Tel: 44/0870.8501241
Fax: 44/0870.8501251
Garmin Corporation, No. 68, Jangshu 2nd Road, Shijr, Taipei County, Taiwan
Tel: 886/02.2642.9199
Fax: 886/02.2642.9099
Web Site Address: www.garmin.com
Except as expressly provided herein, no part of this manual may be reproduced, copied, transmitted,
disseminated, downloaded or stored in any storage medium, for any purpose without the express
written permission of Garmin. Garmin hereby grants permission to download a single copy of this
manual and of any revision to this manual onto a hard drive or other electronic storage medium to
be viewed for personal use, provided that such electronic or printed copy of this manual or revision
must contain the complete text of this copyright notice and provided further that any unauthorized
commercial distribution of this manual or any revision hereto is strictly prohibited.
Garmin® and G1000® are registered trademarks of Garmin Ltd. or its subsidiaries. WATCH™,
FliteCharts™, and SafeTaxi™ are trademarks of Garmin Ltd. or its subsidiaries. These trademarks
may not be used without the express permission of Garmin.
NavData® is a registered trademark of Jeppesen, Inc.; XM® is a registered trademark of XM
Satellite Radio, Inc.
September, 2007
190-00664-00 Rev. A
Printed in the U.S.A.
Warnings, Cautions & Notes
WARNING: Navigation and terrain separation must NOT be predicated upon
the use of the terrain function. The G1000 Terrain Proximity feature is NOT
intended to be used as a primary reference for terrain avoidance and does not
relieve the pilot from the responsibility of being aware of surroundings during
flight. The Terrain Proximity feature is only to be used as an aid for terrain
avoidance and is not certified for use in applications requiring a certified
terrain awareness system. Terrain data is obtained from third party sources.
Garmin is not able to independently verify the accuracy of the terrain data.
WARNING: The displayed minimum safe altitudes (MSAs) are only advisory
in nature and should not be relied upon as the sole source of obstacle and
terrain avoidance information. Always refer to current aeronautical charts
for appropriate minimum clearance altitudes.
WARNING: The altitude calculated by G1000 GPS receivers is geometric
height above Mean Sea Level and could vary significantly from the altitude
displayed by pressure altimeters, such as the GDC 74B Air Data Computer,
or other altimeters in aircraft. GPS altitude should never be used for vertical
navigation. Always use pressure altitude displayed by the G1000 PFD or
other pressure altimeters in aircraft.
WARNING: Do not use outdated database information. Databases used in
the G1000 system must be updated regularly in order to ensure that the
information remains current. Pilots using any outdated database do so
entirely at their own risk.
WARNING: Do not use basemap (land and water data) information for
primary navigation. Basemap data is intended only to supplement other
approved navigation data sources and should be considered as an aid to
enhance situational awareness.
WARNING: Traffic information shown on the G1000 Multi Function Display
is provided as an aid in visually acquiring traffic. Pilots must maneuver
the aircraft based only upon ATC guidance or positive visual acquisition of
conflicting traffic.
WARNING: XM Weather should not be used for hazardous weather
penetration. Weather information provided by the GDL 69A is approved only
for weather avoidance, not penetration.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Hawker Beechcraft C90A/GT
190-00664-00 Rev. A
Warnings, Cautions & Notes
WARNING: NEXRAD weather data is to be used for long-range planning
purposes only. Due to inherent delays in data transmission and the relative
age of the data, NEXRAD weather data should not be used for short-range
weather avoidance.
WARNING: The Garmin G1000, as installed in the Hawker Beechcraft
C90A/GT aircraft, has a very high degree of functional integrity. However,
the pilot must recognize that providing monitoring and/or self-test capability
for all conceivable system failures is not practical. Although unlikely, it may
be possible for erroneous operation to occur without a fault indication
shown by the G1000. It is thus the responsibility of the pilot to detect such
an occurrence by means of cross-checking with all redundant or correlated
information available in the cockpit.
WARNING: For safety reasons, G1000 operational procedures must be learned
on the ground.
WARNING: The United States government operates the Global Positioning
System and is solely responsible for its accuracy and maintenance. The GPS
system is subject to changes which could affect the accuracy and performance
of all GPS equipment. Portions of the Garmin G1000 utilize GPS as a
precision electronic NAVigation AID (NAVAID). Therefore, as with all NAVAIDs,
information presented by the G1000 can be misused or misinterpreted and,
therefore, become unsafe.
WARNING: To reduce the risk of unsafe operation, carefully review and
understand all aspects of the G1000 Pilot’s Guide documentation and the
G1000 Integrated Avionics System and GFC 700 AFCS in Hawker Beechcraft
C90A and C90GT King Air Airplane Flight Manual Supplement. Thoroughly
practice basic operation prior to actual use. During flight operations, carefully
compare indications from the G1000 to all available navigation sources,
including the information from other NAVAIDs, visual sightings, charts, etc.
For safety purposes, always resolve any discrepancies before continuing
navigation.
WARNING: The illustrations in this guide are only examples. Never use
the G1000 to attempt to penetrate a thunderstorm. Both the FAA Advisory
Circular, Subject: Thunderstorms, and the Aeronautical Information Manual
(AIM) recommend avoiding “by at least 20 miles any thunderstorm identified
as severe or giving an intense radar echo.”
190-00664-00 Rev. A
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Hawker Beechcraft C90A/GT
Warnings, Cautions & Notes
WARNING: Lamp(s) inside this product may contain mercury (HG) and must
be recycled or disposed of according to local, state, or federal laws. For
more information, refer to our website at www.garmin.com/aboutGarmin/
environment/disposal.jsp.
WARNING: Because of anomalies in the earth’s magnetic field, operating
the G1000 within the following areas could result in loss of reliable attitude
and heading indications. North of 70° North latitude and south of 70° South
latitude. An area north of 65° North latitude between longitude 75º West
and 120º West. An area south of 55° South latitude between longitude 120º
East and 165º East.
CAUTION: The GDU 1040A PFDs and GDU 1500 MFD displays use a lens
coated with a special anti-reflective coating that is very sensitive to skin oils,
waxes, and abrasive cleaners. CLEANERS CONTAINING AMMONIA WILL
HARM THE ANTI-REFLECTIVE COATING. It is very important to clean the lens
using a clean, lint-free cloth and an eyeglass lens cleaner that is specified as
safe for anti-reflective coatings.
CAUTION: The Garmin G1000 does not contain any user-serviceable parts.
Repairs should only be made by an authorized Garmin service center.
Unauthorized repairs or modifications could void both the warranty and the
pilot’s authority to operate this device under FAA/FCC regulations.
NOTE: All visual depictions contained within this document, including screen
images of the G1000 panel and displays, are subject to change and may not
reflect the most current G1000 system. Depictions of equipment may differ
slightly from the actual equipment.
NOTE: This device complies with part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is
subject to the following two conditions: (1) this device may not cause harmful
interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired operation.
NOTE: The data contained in the terrain and obstacle databases comes from
government agencies. Garmin accurately processes and cross-validates the
data, but cannot guarantee the accuracy and completeness of the data.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Hawker Beechcraft C90A/GT
190-00664-00 Rev. A
Warnings, Cautions & Notes
NOTE: This product, its packaging, and its components contain chemicals
known to the State of California to cause cancer, birth defects, or reproductive
harm. This notice is being provided in accordance with California’s Proposition
65. If you have any questions or would like additional information, please
refer to our web site at www.garmin.com/prop65.
NOTE: Interference from GPS repeaters operating inside nearby hangars can
cause an intermittent loss of attitude and heading displays while the aircraft
is on the ground. Moving the aircraft more than 100 yards away from the
source of the interference should alleviate the condition.
NOTE: Use of polarized eyewear may cause the flight displays to appear dim
or blank.
190-00664-00 Rev. A
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Warnings, Cautions & Notes
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Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Hawker Beechcraft C90A/GT
190-00664-00 Rev. A
Part Number
190-00664-00
Change Summary
Initial release
Revision Date of Revision Affected Pages
A
September, 2007
All
190-00664-00 Rev. A
Description
Production release
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Table of Contents
FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS ................................................................................................................ 1
Selecting the Altimeter Barometric Pressure Setting ...................................................... 1
Selecting Standard Barometric Pressure (29.92 in Hg) .................................................... 1
Change Altimeter Barometric Pressure Setting Units ...................................................... 1
Synchronizing the Altimeter Barometric Pressure Settings ........................................... 1
Synchronize CDI ........................................................................................................................ 1
Change Navigation Sources ................................................................................................... 2
Enable/Disable OBS Mode While Navigating with GPS .................................................... 2
Generic Timer............................................................................................................................. 2
Configure Vspeed Bugs Individually ..................................................................................... 2
Turn Vspeed Bugs On or Off by Category............................................................................ 3
Set Barometric Minimum Descent Altitude ........................................................................ 3
Displaying Wind Data .............................................................................................................. 3
NAV/COM/TRANSPONDER/AUDIO PANEL......................................................................... 5
ADF Tuning (Optional) .............................................................................................................. 5
DME Tuning ................................................................................................................................ 5
Enter a Transponder Code ...................................................................................................... 5
Selecting a COM Radio ............................................................................................................ 5
Selecting a NAV Radio ............................................................................................................. 6
NAV/COM Tuning ....................................................................................................................... 6
Digital Clearance Recorder and Player ................................................................................ 6
AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM ............................................................................ 7
Flight Director Activation ....................................................................................................... 7
Vertical Modes........................................................................................................................... 8
Lateral Modes ............................................................................................................................ 9
GPS NAVIGATION ........................................................................................................................ 11
Direct-to Navigation .............................................................................................................. 11
Activate a Stored Flight Plan ............................................................................................... 12
Activate a Flight Plan Leg ..................................................................................................... 12
Stop Navigating a Flight Plan .............................................................................................. 13
Vertical Navigation................................................................................................................. 13
FLIGHT PLANNING ...................................................................................................................... 15
Weight Planning ...................................................................................................................... 15
Trip Planning ............................................................................................................................ 15
Create a New User Waypoint ............................................................................................... 17
Delete a User Waypoint ......................................................................................................... 18
Create a New Flight Plan ...................................................................................................... 18
Insert a Waypoint in the Active Flight Plan ...................................................................... 19
Enter an Airway in a Flight Plan .......................................................................................... 20
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Table of Contents
Invert An Active Flight Plan.................................................................................................. 21
Remove a Departure, Arrival, Approach, or Airway from a Flight Plan ..................... 21
Store a Flight Plan .................................................................................................................. 22
Edit a Stored Flight Plan ....................................................................................................... 22
Delete a Waypoint from the Flight Plan ............................................................................ 22
Invert and Activate a Stored Flight Plan ........................................................................... 23
Copy a Flight Plan ................................................................................................................... 23
Delete a Flight Plan ................................................................................................................ 23
Graphical Flight Plan Creation ............................................................................................. 24
PROCEDURES................................................................................................................................. 25
Load and Activate a Departure Procedure ....................................................................... 25
Activate A Departure Leg ..................................................................................................... 25
Load An Arrival Procedure .................................................................................................... 25
Activate An Arrival Leg ......................................................................................................... 26
Load and/or Activate an Approach Procedure ................................................................. 26
Activate An Approach in the Active Flight Plan ............................................................... 27
Activate a Vector to Final Approach Fix ............................................................................ 27
Activate A Missed Approach in the Active Flight Plan ................................................... 27
HAZARD AVOIDANCE ................................................................................................................ 29
Customizing the Hazard Displays on the Navigation Map ............................................ 29
XM Weather (Optional) .......................................................................................................... 29
Traffic Systems ........................................................................................................................ 31
Terrain Awareness & Warning System (TAWS) Display................................................... 33
Airborne Color Weather Radar ............................................................................................ 35
ADDITIONAL FEATURES ........................................................................................................... 39
SafeTaxi™ ................................................................................................................................ 39
ChartView ................................................................................................................................. 39
FliteCharts™ ............................................................................................................................ 40
View Charts from the Navigation Map Page .................................................................... 40
View Charts from the Active Flight Plan Page ................................................................. 40
Change Day/Night View ........................................................................................................ 40
XM® Radio Entertainment .................................................................................................... 42
ANNUNCIATIONS & ALERTS................................................................................................... 45
Comparator Annunciations................................................................................................... 45
Reversionary Sensor Annunciations ................................................................................... 45
MFD & PFD Message Advisories .......................................................................................... 46
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Table of Contents
APPENDIX ....................................................................................................................................... 63
PFD Softkey Map .................................................................................................................... 63
MFD Softkey Map ................................................................................................................... 68
INDEX .........................................................................................................................................Index-1
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Flight Instruments
FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS
SELECTING THE ALTIMETER BAROMETRIC PRESSURE SETTING
Turn the BARO Knob to select the desired setting.
SELECTING STANDARD BAROMETRIC PRESSURE (29.92 IN HG)
Push the BARO Knob to select standard pressure.
CHANGE ALTIMETER BAROMETRIC PRESSURE SETTING UNITS
1)
Press the PFD Softkey to display the second-level softkeys.
2)
Press the ALT UNIT Softkey.
3)
Press the IN Softkey to display the barometric pressure setting in inches of
mercury (in Hg).
Or:
Press the HPA Softkey to display the barometric pressure setting in
hectopascals.
4)
Press the BACK Softkey to return to the top-level softkeys.
SYNCHRONIZING THE ALTIMETER BAROMETRIC PRESSURE SETTINGS
1)
Select the AUX-SYSTEM SETUP Page on the MFD.
2)
Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
3)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight BARO in SYNCHRONIZATION
Window.
4)
Turn the small FMS Knob clockwise to ON or counterclockwise to OFF.
SYNCHRONIZE CDI
1)
Select the AUX-SYSTEM SETUP Page on the MFD.
2)
Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
3)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight CDI in SYNCHRONIZATION Window.
4)
Turn the small FMS Knob clockwise to ON or counterclockwise to OFF.
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Flight Instruments
CHANGE NAVIGATION SOURCES
1)
Press the CDI Softkey to change from GPS to VOR1 or LOC1. This places
the light blue tuning box over the NAV1 standby frequency in the upper left
corner of the PFD.
2)
Press the CDI Softkey again to change from VOR1 or LOC1 to VOR2
or LOC2. This places the light blue tuning box over the NAV2 standby
frequency.
3)
Press the CDI Softkey a third time to return to GPS.
ENABLE/DISABLE OBS MODE WHILE NAVIGATING WITH GPS
1)
Press the OBS Softkey to select OBS Mode.
2)
Turn a CRS Knob to select the desired course to/from the waypoint. Press a
CRS Knob to synchronize the Selected Course with the bearing to the next
waypoint.
3)
Press the OBS Softkey again to disable OBS Mode.
GENERIC TIMER
1)
Press the TMR/REF Softkey, then turn the large FMS Knob to select the
time field (hh/mm/ss). Turn the FMS Knobs to set the desired time, then
press the ENT Key. The UP/DOWN field is now highlighted.
2)
Turn the small FMS Knob to display the UP/DOWN window. Turn the FMS
Knob to select ‘UP’ or ‘DOWN’, then press the ENT Key. ‘START?’ is now
highlighted.
3)
Press the ENT Key to START, STOP, or RESET the timer (if the timer is
counting DOWN, it will start counting UP after reaching zero). Press the
CLR Key or the TMR/REF Softkey to remove the window.
CONFIGURE VSPEED BUGS INDIVIDUALLY
1) Press the TMR/REF Softkey.
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the desired Vspeed.
3) Use the small FMS Knob to change the Vspeed in 1-kt increments (when a
speed has been changed from a default value, an asterisk appears next to
the speed).
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Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Hawker Beechcraft C90A/GT
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Flight Instruments
4)
Press the ENT Key or turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the ON/OFF
field
5)
Turn the small FMS Knob clockwise to ON or counterclockwise to OFF.
6)
To remove the window, press the CLR Key or the TMR/REF Softkey.
TURN VSPEED BUGS ON OR OFF BY CATEGORY
1)
Press the TMR/REF Softkey.
2)
Press the MENU Key.
3)
Turn the FMS Knob to highlight the desired option.
4)
Press the ENT Key. Press the TMR/REF Softkey to remove the window.
SET BAROMETRIC MINIMUM DESCENT ALTITUDE
1) Press the TMR/REF Softkey.
2)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the OFF/BARO field to the right of
‘MINIMUMS’.
3)
Turn the small FMS Knob clockwise to BARO.
4)
Press the ENT Key.
5)
Use the small FMS Knob to enter the desired altitude.
6)
Press the ENT Key.
7)
To remove the window, press the CLR Key or the TMR/REF Softkey.
DISPLAYING WIND DATA
1)
Press the PFD Softkey.
2)
Press the WIND Softkey to display wind data below the Selected Heading.
3)
Press one of the OPTN softkeys to change how wind data is displayed.
4)
To remove the Wind Data Window, press the OFF Softkey.
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Flight Instruments
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Nav/Com/XPDR/Audio Panel
NAV/COM/TRANSPONDER/AUDIO PANEL
ADF TUNING (OPTIONAL)
Tune the ADF using the remote ADF control head on the aft pedestal.
DME TUNING
1)
Press the DME Softkey.
2)
Turn the large FMS to select the DME source field.
3)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the desired DME tuning.
4)
Press the ENT Key to complete the selection.
ENTER A TRANSPONDER CODE
1)
Press the XPDR Softkey to display the transponder mode selection softkeys.
2)
Press the XPDR1 or XPDR2 Softkey to select the active transponder.
3)
Press the CODE Softkey to display the transponder code selection softkeys,
for digit entry.
4)
Press the digit softkeys to enter the code in the code field. When entering
the code, the next key in sequence must be pressed within 10 seconds, or
the entry is cancelled and restored to the previous code. Five seconds after
the fourth digit has been entered, the transponder code becomes active.
SELECTING A COM RADIO
Transmit/Receive
Press the COM1 MIC, COM2 MIC, or COM3 MIC Key (optional COM, if
installed) on the audio panel.
Receive Only
Press the COM1, COM2, or COM3 Key (optional COM, if installed) on the
audio panel.
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Nav/Com/XPDR/Audio Panel
SELECTING A NAV RADIO
1)
Press the CDI Softkey to select NAV1 (VOR1/LOC1) or NAV2 (VOR2/LOC2).
2)
Pressing the NAV1, NAV2, DME, or ADF Key selects and deselects the
navigation radio audio source. All radio keys can be selected individually or
together.
NAV/COM TUNING
1)
Press the small tuning knob to select the desired radio for tuning.
2)
Turn the respective tuning knobs to enter the desired frequency into the
standby frequency field. The large knob enters MHz and the small knob
enters kHz.
3)
Press the Frequency Transfer Key to place the frequency into the active
frequency field.
DIGITAL CLEARANCE RECORDER AND PLAYER
NOTE: Only the audio for the selected COM MIC Key is recorded. Audio is
not recorded for COM3 MIC.
Record
1)
Press the REC Key to begin recording.
2)
Press the REC Key again to stop recording.
Play
1)
Press the PLAY Key once to play the latest recorded memory block.
2)
Press the PLAY Key once while playing to stop.
3)
Press the PLAY Key twice quickly while playing to begin playing the
previously recorded block. Each subsequent two presses will skip back to
the previously recorded block.
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AFCS
AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
NOTE: If sensor information (other than attitude) required for a flight director
mode becomes invalid or unavailable, the flight director automatically reverts
to the default mode for that axis.
NOTE: If the attitude information required for the default flight director modes
becomes invalid or unavailable, the autopilot automatically disengages.
FLIGHT DIRECTOR ACTIVATION
An initial press of a key listed in the following table (when the flight director is not
active) activates the pilot-side flight director in the listed modes.
Control Pressed
Modes Selected
ALT Key
VS Key
VNV Key
Lateral
Roll Hold (default)
Roll Hold (default)
Roll Hold (default)
Takeoff (on ground)
Go Around (in air)
Roll Hold (default)
Roll Hold (default)
Roll Hold (default)
NAV Key
Navigation**
BC Key
Backcourse***
APR Key
Approach**
HDG Key
Heading Select
FD Key
AP Key
CWS Button
GA Switch
ROL
ROL
ROL
TO
GA
ROL
ROL
ROL
GPS
VOR
LOC
BC
GPS
VAPP
LOC
HDG
Vertical
Pitch Hold (default)
PIT
Pitch Hold (default)
PIT
Pitch Hold (default)
PIT
Takeoff (on ground)
TO
Go Around (in air)
GA
Altitude Hold
ALT
Vertical Speed
VS
Vertical Path Tracking* VPTH
Pitch Hold (default)
PIT
Pitch Hold (default)
PIT
Pitch Hold (default)
PIT
Pitch Hold (default)
PIT
*Valid VNV flight plan must be entered before VNV Key press activates flight director.
**The selected navigation receiver must have a valid VOR or LOC signal or active GPS course before
NAV or APR Key press activates flight director.
***The selected navigation receiver must have a valid LOC signal before BC Key press activates flight
director.
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AFCS
VERTICAL MODES
Vertical Mode
Pitch Hold
Selected Altitude
Capture
Altitude Hold
Description
Control Annunciation
Holds the current aircraft pitch attitude;
may be used to climb/descend to the (default)
Selected Altitude
PIT
Captures the Selected Altitude
ALTS
*
Holds the current Altitude Reference
ALT Key ALT nnnnn FT
Maintains the current aircraft vertical
Vertical Speed
speed; may be used to climb/descend VS Key VS nnnn FPM
to the Selected Altitude
Flight Level Change, Maintains the current aircraft airspeed
FLC nnn KT
(in IAS or Mach) while the aircraft is
IAS Hold
climbing/descending to the Selected FLC Key
Flight Level Change, Altitude. Press the SPD Key to switch
FLC M .nnn
Mach Hold
between IAS and MACH.
Vertical Path
Captures and tracks descent legs of an VNV
VPTH
Key
Tracking
active vertical profile
VNV Target Altitude Captures the Vertical Navigation (VNV)
**
ALTV
Capture
Target Altitude
Captures and tracks the WAAS
Glidepath
GP
glidepath on approach
APR Key
Captures and tracks the ILS glideslope
Glideslope
GS
on approach
Disengages the autopilot and
commands a constant pitch angle and
TO
Takeoff (on ground)
wings level in the air on the ground in
GA
preparation for takeoff
Switch
Disengages the autopilot and
GA
Go Around (in air)
commands a constant pitch angle and
wings level in the air
* ALTS armed automatically when PIT, VS, FLC, TO, or GA active, and under VPTH when Selected Altitude is to be
captured instead of VNV Target Altitude
** ALTV armed automatically under VPTH when VNV Target Altitude is to be captured instead of Selected Altitude
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AFCS
LATERAL MODES
Lateral Mode
Roll Hold
Low Bank
Heading Select
Navigation, GPS Arm/
Capture/Track
Navigation, VOR Enroute
Arm/Capture/Track
Navigation, LOC Arm/
Capture/Track
(No Glideslope)
Backcourse Arm/Capture/
Track
Approach, GPS Arm/
Capture/Track
Approach, VOR Arm/
Capture/Track
Approach, ILS Arm/
Capture/Track
(Glideslope Mode
automatically armed)
Takeoff (on ground)
Go Around (in air)
Description
Control Annunciation
Holds current aircraft roll attitude
or rolls wings level, depending
(default)
ROL
on commanded bank angle
Limits maximum commanded
BANK
*
roll angle
Key
Captures and tracks Selected
HDG
HDG
Heading
Key
GPS
Captures and tracks selected
navigation source (GPS, VOR,
LOC)
NAV
Key
VOR
LOC
Captures and tracks a localizer
signal for backcourse approaches
BC Key
BC
GPS
Captures and tracks selected
navigation source (GPS, VOR,
LOC)
VAPP
APR Key
LOC
Disengages autopilot and
commands a constant pitch
angle and wings level in
preparation for takeoff
Disengages autopilot and
commands a constant pitch
angle and wings level in the air
TO
GA
Switch
GA
* No annunciation appears in the AFCS Status Box. The acceptable bank angle range is indicated in
green along the Roll Scale of the Attitude Indicator.
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AFCS
Roll Hold Mode (ROL)
Bank Angle
Flight Director Response
< 6 deg
Rolls wings level
6 to 25 deg Maintains current aircraft roll attitude
> 25 deg
Limits bank to 25 degrees
Roll Hold Mode Responses
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GPS Navigation
GPS NAVIGATION
DIRECT-TO NAVIGATION
Direct-to Navigation from the MFD
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
8)
9)
10)
11)
12)
Press the Direct-to (
) Key.
Enter the waypoint identifier.
Press the ENT Key to confirm the identifier. The ‘Activate?’ field is
highlighted.
If no altitude constraint or course is desired, press the ENT Key to activate.
To enter an altitude constraint, proceed to step 5.
Turn the large FMS Knob to place the cursor over the ‘VNV’ altitude field.
Enter the desired altitude.
Press the ENT Key. If the waypoint entered is an airport, the option to
select MSL or AGL is now displayed. If the waypoint is not an airport,
proceed to step 9.
Turn the small FMS Knob to select ‘MSL’ or ‘AGL’.
Press the ENT Key. The cursor is now flashing in the VNV offset distance
field.
Enter the desired offset distance before (-) or after (+) the waypoint.
Press the ENT Key. The ‘Activate?’ field is highlighted.
Press the ENT Key to activate.
Direct-to Navigation from the PFD
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
Press the Direct-to Key (
).
Turn the large FMS Knob to place the cursor in the desired selection field.
Turn the small FMS Knob to begin selecting the desired identifier, location,
etc.
Press the ENT Key.
The cursor is now flashing on ‘ACTIVATE?’. If no altitude constraint or
course is desired, press the ENT Key to activate. To enter an altitude
constraint, proceed to step 6.
Turn the large FMS Knob to place the cursor over the ‘VNV’ altitude field.
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Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Hawker Beechcraft C90A/GT
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GPS Navigation
7)
Turn the small FMS Knob to enter the desired VNV altitude.
8)
Press the ENT Key. If the waypoint entered is an airport, the option to
select MSL or AGL is now displayed. If the waypoint is not an airport,
proceed to step 10.
9)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select ‘MSL’ or ‘AGL’.
10) Press the ENT Key. The cursor is placed in the ‘VNV’ offset distance field.
11) Turn the small FMS Knob to enter the desired target altitude offset from
the selected Direct-to.
12) Press the ENT Key to highlight ‘Activate?’ or turn the large FMS Knob to
highlight the ‘COURSE’ field.
13) Turn the small FMS Knob to enter the desired course to the waypoint.
14) Press the ENT Key to highlight ‘ACTIVATE?’.
15) Press the ENT again to activate the Direct-to.
ACTIVATE A STORED FLIGHT PLAN
1)
Press the FPL Key and turn the small FMS Knob to display the Flight Plan
Catalog Page.
2)
Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
3)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the desired flight plan
4)
Select the ACTIVE Softkey. The confirmation window is now displayed.
5)
With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key to activate the flight plan. To cancel
the flight plan activation, turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘CANCEL’ and
press the ENT Key.
ACTIVATE A FLIGHT PLAN LEG
1)
From the Active Flight Plan Page, press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor
and turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the desired waypoint.
2)
Select the ACT LEG Softkey.
OR
12
3)
Press the MENU Key, select the ‘Activate Leg’ option from the page menu
and press the ENT Key. This step must be used when activating a leg from
the PFD.
4)
With ‘Activate’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Hawker Beechcraft C90A/GT
190-00664-00 Rev. A
GPS Navigation
STOP NAVIGATING A FLIGHT PLAN
1)
Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page.
2)
Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu Window.
3)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘Delete Flight Plan’ and press the ENT
Key. With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key to deactivate the flight plan.
This will not delete the stored flight plan, only the active flight plan.
VERTICAL NAVIGATION
The navigation database only contains altitudes for procedures that call for “Cross
at” altitudes. If the procedure states “Expect to cross at,” the altitude is not in the
database. In this case the altitude may be entered manually.
Large White
Text
Large Light
Blue Text
Small Light
Blue Text
Small Light
Blue Subdued
Text
Small White Text
with Altitude
Restriction Bar
Cross AT or ABOVE 5,000 ft
Cross AT 2,300 ft
Cross AT or BELOW 3,000 ft
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Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Hawker Beechcraft C90A/GT
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GPS Navigation
Altitudes associated with arrival and approach procedures are “auto-designated”.
This means the system will automatically use the altitudes loaded with the arrival or
approach for giving vertical speed and deviation guidance. Note that these altitudes
will be displayed as blue text up to, but not including the FAF. The FAF will always be
a “reference only” altitude and cannot be designated, unless the selected approach does
not provide vertical guidance. In this case, the FAF altitude can be designated.
Altitudes that have been designated for use in vertical guidance may also be made
“non-designated” by placing the cursor over the desired altitude and pressing the CLR
Key. The altitude is now displayed only as a reference. It will not be used to give
vertical guidance. Other displayed altitudes may change due to re-calculations or
rendered invalid as a result of manually changing an altitude to a non-designated
altitude.
White Text
Light Blue Text
Light Blue
Subdued Text
Large Text Altitude calculated by
the system estimating
the altitude of the
aircraft as it passes
over the navigation
point. This altitude
is provided as a
reference and is not
designated to be used
in determining vertical
speed and deviation
guidance.
Altitude has been
entered by the pilot.
Altitude is designated
for use in giving vertical
speed and deviation
guidance. Altitude
does not match the
published altitude in
navigation database or
no published altitude
exists.
The system cannot
use this altitude in
determining vertical
speed and deviation
guidance.
Small Text Altitude is not
designated to be used
in determining vertical
speed and deviation
guidance. Altitude has
been retrieved from the
navigation database
and is provided as a
reference.
Altitude is designated
for use in giving vertical
speed and deviation
guidance. Altitude has
been retrieved from the
navigation database
or has been entered by
the pilot and matches
a published altitude
in the navigation
database.
The system cannot
use this altitude in
determining vertical
speed and deviation
guidance.
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Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Hawker Beechcraft C90A/GT
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Flight Planning
FLIGHT PLANNING
WEIGHT PLANNING
All procedures apply to the MFD unless otherwise stated.
Entering Weight Parameters
The Weight Planning Page is displayed after system power-up. If it is necessary to
return to this page, turn the large FMS Knob to select the ‘AUX’ page group. Turn the
small FMS Knob to select the first rectangular page icon.
1) Select the EMPTY WT Softkey to place the cursor in the Basic Empty
Weight field.
2) Enter the desired aircraft empty weight.
3) Press the ENT Key. The cursor is now over the ‘PILOT & STORES’ field.
4) Enter the desired weight of Pilot & Stores.
5) Press the ENT Key.
6) Continue repeating these steps until all desired weights have been entered.
Entering Fuel Parameters
1)
Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
2)
Turn the large FMS Knob to place the cursor in the ‘FUEL ON BOARD’ field.
3)
Turn the small FMS Knob to enter the desired fuel quantity.
4)
Press the ENT Key. The cursor is now in the ‘FUEL RESERVES’ field.
5)
Turn the small FMS Knob to enter the desired reserve fuel quantity.
6)
Press the FMS Knob to remove the cursor.
7)
Press the ENT Key.
TRIP PLANNING
1)
Turn the large FMS Knob to select the ‘AUX’ page group.
2)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the second rectangular page icon.
3)
The current page mode is displayed at the top of the page: ‘AUTOMATIC’
or ‘MANUAL’. To change the page mode, select the AUTO or MANUAL
Softkey.
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Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Hawker Beechcraft C90A/GT
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Flight Planning
4)
For Direct-to planning:
a) Select the WPTS Softkey and verify that the starting waypoint field
indicates ‘P.POS’ (present position).
b) If necessary, press the MENU Key and select ‘Set WPT to Present
Position’ to display ‘P.POS’.
c) Press the ENT Key and the flashing cursor moves to the ending
waypoint field.
d) Enter the identifier of the ending waypoint and press the ENT Key to
accept the waypoint.
Or:
For point-to-point planning:
a) Enter the identifier of the starting waypoint.
b) Once the waypoint’s identifier is entered, press the ENT Key to accept
the waypoint. The flashing cursor moves to the ending waypoint.
c) Again, enter the identifier of the ending waypoint.
d) Press the ENT Key to accept the waypoint.
Or:
For flight plan leg planning:
a) Select the FPL Softkey (at the bottom of the display).
b) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the desired flight plan (already
stored in memory), by number.
c) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the ‘LEG’ field.
d) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the desired leg of the flight plan, or
select ‘CUM’ to apply trip planning calculations to the entire flight plan.
Selecting ‘FPL 00’ will display the active flight plan. If an active flight
plan is selected, ‘REM’ will be an available option to display planning
data for the remainder of the flight plan.
NOTE: The page mode must be set to ‘MANUAL’ to perform the following
steps.
5)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the departure time (DEP TIME) field.
NOTE: The departure time on the Trip Planning Page is used for preflight
planning. Refer to the Utility Page for the actual flight departure time.
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Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Hawker Beechcraft C90A/GT
190-00664-00 Rev. A
Flight Planning
6)
Enter the departure time. Press the ENT Key when finished. Departure time
may be entered in local or UTC time, depending upon system settings.
7)
Enter the fuel flow. Press the ENT Key when finished. Note that in ‘AUTOMATIC’
page mode, fuel flow is provided by the system.
8)
The flashing cursor moves to the fuel onboard field. Modify the fuel onboard.
Press the ENT Key when finished. In ‘AUTOMATIC’ mode, fuel onboard is
provided by the entry made on the Weight Planning Page.
9)
The flashing cursor moves to the calibrated airspeed field. Enter a calibrated
airspeed. Press the ENT Key when finished.
CREATE A NEW USER WAYPOINT
1)
Turn the large FMS Knob to select the ‘WPT’ page group.
2)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the User WPT Information Page.
3)
Select the NEW Softkey. A waypoint is created at the current aircraft
position.
4)
Enter the desired waypoint name.
5)
Press the ENT Key.
6)
The cursor is now in the ‘REFERENCE WAYPOINTS’ field. If desired, the
waypoint can be defined by a reference waypoint. Use one of the following
methods to enter the reference waypoint:
a) Turn the small FMS Knob to the left to display a list of flight plan
waypoints. This list is populated only when there is an active flight
plan.
b) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the desired waypoint.
c) Press the ENT Key.
Or:
a) Turn the small FMS Knob to the left. Initially, a flight plan waypoint list
is displayed.
b) Turn the small FMS Knob to the right to display the ‘NRST’ waypoints
to the aircraft’s current position.
c) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the desired waypoint.
d) Press the ENT Key.
Or:
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Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Hawker Beechcraft C90A/GT
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Flight Planning
a) Turn the small FMS Knob to the left. Initially, a flight plan waypoint list
is displayed.
b) Turn the small FMS Knob to the right to display the ‘RECENT’
waypoints.
c) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the desired waypoint.
d) Press the ENT Key.
7)
After pressing the ENT Key, the cursor is displayed in the ‘RAD’ (radial)
field. Enter the desired radial from the reference waypoint.
8)
Press the ENT Key.
9)
The cursor is now displayed in the ‘DIS’ (distance) field. Enter the desired
distance from the reference waypoint.
10) Press the ENT Key. The cursor is now placed for entering another reference
waypoint, if desired.
11) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
DELETE A USER WAYPOINT
1)
Turn the large FMS Knob to select the ‘WPT’ page group.
2)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the User WPT Information Page.
3)
Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
4)
Turn the large FMS Knob to the place the cursor in the ‘USER WAYPOINT LIST’
field.
5)
Turn the small FMS Knob to highlight the desired waypoint.
6)
Select the DELETE Softkey.
7)
The message ‘Would you like to delete the user waypoint?’ is displayed. With
‘YES’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
CREATE A NEW FLIGHT PLAN
Using the MFD
18
1)
Press the FPL Key.
2)
Turn the small FMS Knob to display the Flight Plan Catalog Page.
3)
Select the NEW Softkey to display a blank flight plan for the first empty storage
location.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Hawker Beechcraft C90A/GT
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Flight Planning
4)
Turn the small FMS Knob to display the Waypoint Information Window.
5)
Enter the identifier of the departure waypoint.
6)
Press the ENT Key.
7)
Repeat step number 4, 5, and 6 to enter the identifier for each additional
flight plan waypoint.
8)
When all waypoints have been entered, press the FMS Knob to return to the
Flight Plan Catalog Page. The new flight plan is now in the list.
Using the PFD
NOTE: If a flight plan is active, an additional flight plan cannot be entered
using the PFD.
NOTE: After the first leg is entered (using the PFD only) it is immediately
activated.
1)
Press the FPL Key.
2)
Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
3)
Turn the small FMS Knob to enter the first letter of the destination waypoint
identifier.
4)
Turn the large FMS Knob to the right to move the cursor to the next character
position.
5)
Repeat step 3 and 4 to spell out the rest of the waypoint identifier.
6)
Press the ENT Key and the cursor is now ready for entering of the next flight
plan waypoint.
7)
Repeat steps 3 through 6 to enter the identifier for each additional flight plan
waypoint.
8)
Once all waypoints have been entered, press the FMS Knob to remove the
cursor. The new flight plan is now active.
INSERT A WAYPOINT IN THE ACTIVE FLIGHT PLAN
1)
Press the FPL Key to display the active flight plan.
2)
Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
3)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the desired flight plan waypoint. The
new waypoint will be inserted before the highlighted waypoint.
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Flight Planning
4)
Turn the small FMS Knob. The Waypoint Information Window is now
displayed.
5)
Enter the new flight plan waypoint by one of the following:
a) Enter the user waypoint identifier, facility, or city.
b) Press the ENT Key.
Or:
a) Turn the small FMS Knob to the left. Initially, a flight plan waypoint list
is displayed.
b) Turn the small FMS Knob to the right to display the ‘NRST’ airport
waypoints to the aircraft’s current position.
c) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the desired waypoint.
d) Press the ENT Key.
Or:
a) Turn the small FMS Knob to the left. Initially, a flight plan waypoint list
is displayed.
b) Turn the small FMS Knob to the right to display the ‘RECENT’
waypoints.
c) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the desired waypoint.
d) Press the ENT Key.
ENTER AN AIRWAY IN A FLIGHT PLAN
20
1)
Press the FPL Key to display the active flight plan or display a stored flight
plan.
2)
Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
3)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the waypoint before which the airway
will be entered.
4)
Enter the desired airways entry point. When the first alphanumeric key is
pressed, the Waypoint Information Window will be displayed.
5)
Press the ENT Key.
6)
Enter the desired airway identifier. When the first alphanumeric key is
pressed, the Waypoint Information Window will be displayed.
7)
Press the LD AIRWY Softkey.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Hawker Beechcraft C90A/GT
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Flight Planning
8)
Turn either FMS Knob to scroll through the list of available exit points.
9)
With the desired exit point highlighted, press the ENT Key.
10) With ‘LOAD?’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
INVERT AN ACTIVE FLIGHT PLAN
1)
Press the FPL Key to display the active flight plan.
2)
Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu.
3)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘Invert Flight Plan’.
4)
Press the ENT Key. The original flight plan remains intact in its flight plan
catalog storage location.
5)
With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key to invert the flight plan.
REMOVE A DEPARTURE, ARRIVAL, APPROACH, OR AIRWAY FROM A FLIGHT
PLAN
1)
Press the FPL Key to display the active flight plan. Press the FMS Knob to
activate the cursor.
Or:
a) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the Flight Plan Catalog Page.
b) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
c) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the desired flight plan.
d) Select the EDIT Softkey.
2)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the title for the approach, departure,
arrival, or airway to be deleted. Titles appear in white directly above the
procedure’s waypoints.
3)
Press the CLR Key to display a confirmation window.
4)
With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key to remove the selected procedure
or airway.
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Flight Planning
STORE A FLIGHT PLAN
1)
After creating a flight plan on either the PFD or MFD, it may be saved by
pressing the MENU Key.
2)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘Store Flight Plan’ and press the ENT Key.
3)
With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key to store the flight plan.
EDIT A STORED FLIGHT PLAN
1)
Press the FPL Key and turn the small FMS Knob to display the Flight Plan
Catalog Page.
2)
Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
3)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the desired flight plan.
4)
Select the EDIT Softkey.
5)
Turn the large FMS Knob to place the cursor in the desired location.
6)
Enter the changes, then press the ENT Key.
7)
Press the FMS Knob to return to the Flight Plan Catalog Page.
DELETE A WAYPOINT FROM THE FLIGHT PLAN
1)
Press the FPL Key to display the active flight plan. Press the FMS Knob to
activate the cursor.
Or:
a) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the Flight Plan Catalog Page.
b) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
c) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the desired flight plan.
d) Select the EDIT Softkey.
22
2)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the waypoint to be deleted.
3)
Press the CLR Key to display a ‘REMOVE (Wpt Name)?’ confirmation
window.
4)
With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key to remove the waypoint. To cancel
the delete request, turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘CANCEL’ and press
the ENT Key.
5)
Once all changes have been made, press the FMS Knob to remove the
cursor.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Hawker Beechcraft C90A/GT
190-00664-00 Rev. A
Flight Planning
INVERT AND ACTIVATE A STORED FLIGHT PLAN
1)
Press the FPL Key.
2)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the Flight Plan Catalog Page.
3)
Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
4)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the desired flight plan.
5)
Select the INVERT Softkey. ‘Invert and activate stored flight plan?’ will be
displayed.
6)
With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key. The selected flight plan is now
inverted and activated. The original flight plan remains intact in its flight plan
catalog storage location.
COPY A FLIGHT PLAN
1)
Press the FPL Key.
2)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the Flight Plan Catalog Page.
3)
Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
4)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the flight plan to be copied.
5)
Select the COPY Softkey. A ‘Copy to flight plan #?’ confirmation window is
displayed.
6)
With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key to copy the flight plan. To cancel,
turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘CANCEL’ and press the ENT Key.
DELETE A FLIGHT PLAN
1)
Press the FPL Key.
2)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the Flight Plan Catalog Page.
3)
Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
4)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the flight plan to be deleted.
5)
Select the DELETE Softkey. A ‘Delete flight plan #?’ confirmation window is
displayed.
6)
With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key to delete the flight plan. To cancel,
turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘CANCEL’ and press the ENT Key.
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Flight Planning
GRAPHICAL FLIGHT PLAN CREATION
24
1)
Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page.
2)
Press the Joystick to activate the map pointer. Use the Joystick to move
the pointer to the desired point on the map to be inserted as a waypoint in
the flight plan.
3)
The default insertion point is at the end of the flight plan. If the selected
waypoint is to be placed anywhere other than the end of the flight plan,
press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor. Waypoints are inserted ABOVE
the cursor. Turn the large FMS Knob to select the desired insertion point.
4)
Select the LD WPT Softkey. The selected waypoint will be inserted at the
selected point. The default user waypoint naming is USR000, USR001, USR002,
and so on.
5)
To change the user waypoint name, follow the procedure for modifying a user
waypoint.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Hawker Beechcraft C90A/GT
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Procedures
PROCEDURES
LOAD AND ACTIVATE A DEPARTURE PROCEDURE
1)
Press the PROC Key.
2)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘SELECT DEPARTURE’.
3)
Press the ENT Key. The cursor is displayed in the ‘DEPARTURE’ field with a
list of available departures.
4)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the desired departure.
5)
Press the ENT Key. A list of runways may be displayed for the departure. If
so, turn either FMS Knob to select the desired runway.
6)
Press the ENT Key. The cursor is displayed in the ‘TRANSITION’ field with a
list of available transitions.
7)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the desired transition.
8)
Press the ENT Key.
9)
With ‘LOAD?’ highlighted, press the ENT Key. The departure will be active
when the flight plan is active.
ACTIVATE A DEPARTURE LEG
1)
Press the FPL Key to display the active flight plan.
2)
Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
3)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the desired waypoint within the
departure.
4)
Select the ACT LEG Softkey. A confirmation window showing the selected
leg will be displayed.
5)
With ‘ACTIVATE’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
LOAD AN ARRIVAL PROCEDURE
1)
Press the PROC Key.
2)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘SELECT ARRIVAL’.
3)
Press the ENT Key. The cursor is displayed in the ‘ARRIVAL’ field with a list
of available arrivals.
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Procedures
4)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the desired arrival.
5)
Press the ENT Key. A list of transitions is displayed for the selected arrival.
6)
Turn either FMS Knob to select the desired transition.
7)
Press the ENT Key. A list of runways is displayed for the selected arrival.
8)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the desired runway.
9)
Press the ENT Key.
10) With ‘LOAD?’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
11) The arrival will become part of the active flight plan.
ACTIVATE AN ARRIVAL LEG
1)
Press the FPL Key to display the active flight plan.
2)
Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
3)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the desired waypoint within the
arrival.
4)
Select the ACT LEG Softkey. A confirmation window showing the selected
leg will be displayed.
5)
With ‘ACTIVATE’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
LOAD AND/OR ACTIVATE AN APPROACH PROCEDURE
NOTE: If certain GPS parameters (WAAS, RAIM, etc.) are not available, some
published approach procedures for the desired airport may not be displayed
in the list of available approaches.
1)
Press the PROC Key.
2)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘SELECT APPROACH’.
3)
Press the ENT Key. A list of available approaches for the destination airport
is displayed.
4)
Turn the either FMS Knob to highlight the desired approach.
The WAAS channel and ID for the selected approach procedure are
displayed in the ‘APPROACH CHANNEL’ field.
5)
26
Press the ENT Key. A list of available transitions for the selected approach
procedure is now displayed.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Hawker Beechcraft C90A/GT
190-00664-00 Rev. A
Procedures
6)
Turn either FMS Knob to select the desired transition. The “Vectors”
option assumes vectors will be received to the final course segment of
the approach and will provide navigation guidance relative to the final
approach course.
7)
Press the ENT Key. ‘LOAD? or ACTIVATE?’ is now displayed with ‘LOAD?’
highlighted.
8)
Turn the large FMS Knob to select either ‘LOAD?’ or ‘ACTIVATE?’.
Selecting ‘LOAD?’ will enter the selected approach procedure into the
active flight plan, but will not be currently active. Selecting ‘ACTIVATE?’
will enter the selected approach procedure into the active flight plan and
immediately activate it.
9)
Press the ENT Key.
ACTIVATE AN APPROACH IN THE ACTIVE FLIGHT PLAN
1)
Press the PROC Key.
2)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘ACTIVATE APPROACH’.
3)
Press the ENT Key. A confirmation window will be displayed.
4)
With ‘ACTIVATE’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
ACTIVATE A VECTOR TO FINAL APPROACH FIX
1)
Press the PROC Key.
2)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘ACTIVATE VECTOR-TO-FINAL’.
3)
Press the ENT Key.
4)
A direct-to vector is established to the final approach fix.
ACTIVATE A MISSED APPROACH IN THE ACTIVE FLIGHT PLAN
1)
Press the PROC Key.
2)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘ACTIVATE MISSED APPROACH’.
3)
Press the ENT Key. A confirmation window will be displayed.
4)
With ‘ACTIVATE’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
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Procedures
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28
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Hawker Beechcraft C90A/GT
190-00664-00 Rev. A
Hazard Avoidance
HAZARD AVOIDANCE
CUSTOMIZING THE HAZARD DISPLAYS ON THE NAVIGATION MAP
1)
With the Navigation Map Page displayed, press the MENU Key to display
the Navigation Map Page Menu. The cursor flashes on the ‘Map Setup’
option.
2)
Press the ENT Key. The Map Setup Menu is displayed. Turn the small FMS
Knob to select ‘Weather’ to customize the display of weather features.
Select ‘Traffic’ to customize the display of traffic.
3)
Press the small FMS Knob to return to the Navigation Map Page.
XM WEATHER (OPTIONAL)
WARNING: Use of XM weather for hazardous weather penetration is not
recommended. Weather information provided by XM Radio Service is
approved only for weather avoidance, not penetration.
Displaying XM Weather on the Navigation Map Page
1)
Press the MAP Softkey.
2)
Press the NEXRAD or XM LTNG Softkey to display the desired weather.
Press the applicable softkey again to remove weather data from the
Navigation Map Page.
Display METAR and TAF information on the Airport Information Page
1)
Turn the large FMS Knob to select the WPT Page Group.
2)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the Airport Information Page.
3)
Select the WX Softkey to display METAR and TAF text (METAR and TAF
information is updated every 12 minutes).
Displaying Weather on the Weather Data Link Page
1)
Turn the large FMS Knob to select the Map Page Group.
2)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the Weather Data Link Page.
3)
Select the available softkeys to select the desired XM weather product.
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Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Hawker Beechcraft C90A/GT
29
Hazard Avoidance
4)
Select the LEGEND Softkey to view the legends for the selected products.
If necessary, turn either FMS Knob to scroll through the list. Press the small
FMS Knob or the ENT Key to return to the map.
Map Panning Information – Weather Data Link Page
1)
Push in the Joystick to display the panning arrow.
2)
Move the Joystick to place the panning arrow on AIRMETs, TFRs, METARs,
or SIGMETs.
3)
Press the ENT Key to display pertinent information for the selected product.
Note that pressing the ENT Key when panning over an AIRMET or a
SIGMET displays an information box that shows the text of the report.
Panning over an airport with METAR information does not display more
information but allows the user to press the ENT Key and select that
Airport’s Information Page to display the text of the report. Pressing the
ENT Key when panning over a TFR displays TFR specific information.
Weather Products and Symbols
Echo Top (Cloud Top and Echo Top Mutually Exclusive)
Cell Movement
NEXRAD
XM Lightning
Cloud Top
30
Cyclone Warnings
City Forecast Freezing Levels
METARs
SIGMETs/AIRMETs
Surface Analysis
County Warnings
Winds Aloft
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Hawker Beechcraft C90A/GT
190-00664-00 Rev. A
Hazard Avoidance
TRAFFIC SYSTEMS
• If Traffic information Service (TIS) is configured, a STANDBY, OPERATE, and
TNA MUTE Softkey will be displayed.
• If a Traffic Advisory System (TAS) is configured, a STANDBY, OPERATE, TEST,
and ALT MODE Softkey will be displayed.
TAS Symbol
Description
Non-Threat Traffic
(intruder is beyond 5 nm and greater than 1200’ vertical separation)
Proximity Advisory (PA)
(intruder is within 5 nm and less than 1200’ vertical separation)
Traffic Advisory (TA)
(closing rate, distance, and vertical separation meet TA criteria)
Traffic Advisory Off Scale
Traffic Symbol Description
Traffic Information Service (TIS)
NOTE: If the G1000 is configured to use an optional Traffic Advisory System
(TAS), TIS will not be available for use.
NOTE: Traffic Information Service (TIS) is only available when the aircraft is
within the service volume of a TIS capable terminal radar site.
Displaying Traffic on the Traffic Map Page
1)
Turn the large FMS Knob to select the Map Page Group.
2)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the Traffic Map Page.
3)
Select the OPERATE Softkey to begin displaying traffic. ‘OPERATING’ is
displayed in the Traffic Mode field.
4)
Select the STANDBY Softkey to place the system in the Standby Mode.
‘STANDBY’ will be displayed in the Traffic Mode field.
5)
Rotate the Joystick clockwise to display a larger area or rotate counterclockwise to display a smaller area.
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Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Hawker Beechcraft C90A/GT
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Hazard Avoidance
Displaying Traffic on the Navigation Map
1)
Ensure TIS is operating. With the Navigation Map displayed, press the
MAP Softkey.
2)
Select the TRAFFIC Softkey. Traffic will now be displayed on the map.
Traffic Advisory System (TAS) (Optional)
System Self Test
1)
Set the range to 2/6 nm.
2)
Press the STANDBY Softkey.
3)
Press the TEST Softkey.
4)
Self test will take approximately eight seconds to complete. When
completed successfully, traffic symbols will be displayed and a voice alert
“Skywatch System Test Passed” will be heard. If the self test fails, the
system will revert to Standby Mode and a voice alert “Skywatch System Test
Failed” will be heard.
Displaying Traffic on the Traffic Map Page
1)
Turn the large FMS Knob to select the Map Page Group.
2)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the second rectangular page icon.
3)
Press the OPERATE Softkey to begin displaying traffic. ‘OPERATING’ is
displayed in the Traffic Mode field.
4)
Press the ALT MODE Softkey to change the altitude volume. Select the
desired altitude volume by pressing the BELOW, NORMAL, ABOVE, or
UNREST (unrestricted) Softkey. The selection is displayed in the Altitude
Mode field.
5)
Press the STANDBY Softkey to place the system in the Standby Mode.
‘STANDBY’ will be displayed in the Traffic Mode field.
6)
Rotate the Joystick clockwise to display a larger area or rotate counterclockwise to display a smaller area.
Displaying Traffic on the Navigation Map
32
1)
With the Navigation Map displayed, press the MAP Softkey.
2)
Press the TRAFFIC Softkey. Traffic will now be displayed on the map.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Hawker Beechcraft C90A/GT
190-00664-00 Rev. A
Hazard Avoidance
TERRAIN AWARENESS & WARNING SYSTEM (TAWS) DISPLAY
NOTE: Terrain data is not displayed when the aircraft latitude is greater than
75 degrees north or 60 degrees south.
NOTE: TAWS operation is only available when the G1000 is configured for a
TAWS-B installation.
Manual System Test
1)
While the TAWS Page is displayed, press the MENU Key.
2)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select ‘Test TAWS’.
3)
Press the ENT Key. During the test ‘TAWS TEST’ is displayed in the center
of the TAWS Page.
When all is in working order, “TAWS System Test, OK” will be heard.
Display Terrain on the TAWS Page
1)
Turn the large FMS Knob to select the Map Page Group.
2)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the TAWS Page.
3)
If desired, select the VIEW Softkey to access the ARC and 360 softkeys.
When the ARC Softkey is selected, a radar-like 120° view is displayed.
Select the 360 Softkey to return to the 360° default display.
4)
Rotate the Joystick clockwise to display a larger area or rotate counterclockwise to display a smaller area.
190-00664-00 Rev. A
Color
Terrain/Obstacle Location
Red
Terrain/Obstacle above or within 100’
below or above aircraft altitude.
Yellow
Terrain/Obstacle between 100’ and
1000’ below current aircraft altitude.
Black
Terrain/Obstacle is more than 1000’
below aircraft altitude.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Hawker Beechcraft C90A/GT
33
Hazard Avoidance
Enable/Disable Aviation Data
1)
While the TAWS Page is displayed, press the MENU Key.
2)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select “Show (or Hide) Aviation Data”.
3)
Press the ENT Key.
TAWS Inhibit
Inhibit TAWS
While the TAWS Page is displayed, press the INHIBIT Softkey.
Or:
1) Press the MENU Key.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to select ‘Inhibit TAWS’.
3) Press the ENT Key.
Enable TAWS
While the TAWS Page is displayed, press the INHIBIT Softkey.
Or:
1) While the TAWS Page is displayed, press the MENU Key.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to select ‘Enable TAWS’.
3) Press the ENT Key.
NOTE: If TAWS alerts are inhibited when the Final Approach Fix is the active
waypoint in a GPS WAAS approach, a LOW ALT annunciation may appear on
the PFD next to the altimeter if the current aircraft altitude is at least 164
feet below the prescribed altitude at the Final Approach Fix.
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Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Hawker Beechcraft C90A/GT
190-00664-00 Rev. A
Hazard Avoidance
AIRBORNE COLOR WEATHER RADAR
WARNING: Begin transmitting only when it is safe to do so. If it is desired to
transmit while the aircraft is on the ground, no personnel or objects should
be within 11 feet of the antenna.
CAUTION: In Standby Mode, the antenna is parked at the center line. It
is always a good idea to put the radar in Standby Mode before taxiing the
aircraft to prevent the antenna from bouncing on the bottom stop and possibly
causing damage to the radar assembly.
Displaying Weather on the Weather Radar Page
1)
Turn the large FMS Knob to select the Map Page Group.
2)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the Weather Radar Page.
3)
Select the MODE Softkey.
4)
If the aircraft is on the ground, select the STANDBY Softkey to initiate the
one minute warm-up period. After the warm-up is complete, the radar will
enter the Standby Mode. After the aircraft is airborne, select the WEATHER
Softkey.
Or:
If the aircraft is already airborne, select the WEATHER or GROUND
Softkey. The one-minute warm-up period will be initiated, after which the
radar will begin transmitting. The horizontal scan is initially displayed.
5)
Turn the Joystick to select the desired range.
6)
If desired, select the VERTICAL Softkey for vertical scanning.
Adjusting Antenna Tilt
Move the Joystick up or down to adjust the tilt of the antenna up or down. Monitor the displayed tilt value in the TILT field.
When scanning vertically, a Tilt Line may be displayed to aid in positioning the tilt
of the antenna. If the Tilt Line is not displayed, perform the following steps:
1) Press the MENU Key
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to select ‘Show Tilt Line’.
3) Press the ENT Key.
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Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Hawker Beechcraft C90A/GT
35
Hazard Avoidance
Adjusting Antenna Bearing
Move the Joystick right or left to adjust the azimuth position of the antenna right
or left. Monitor the displayed bearing value in the BEARING field.
When scanning horizontally, a Bearing Line may be displayed to aid in positioning
the antenna for the vertical scan. If the Bearing Line is not displayed, perform the
following steps:
1) Press the MENU Key
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to select ‘Show Bearing Line’.
3) Press the ENT Key.
Vertically Scan a Storm Cell
1) While in the Horizontal Scan view, move the Joystick to place the Bearing
Line on the desired storm cell, or other area, to be vertically scanned.
2)
Select the VERTICAL Softkey. A vertical ‘slice’ of the selected area will now
be displayed.
3)
Move the Joystick right or left to move the scanned “slice” a few degrees
right or left.
4)
Turn the Joystick to adjust the range.
5)
To select a new area to be vertically scanned, select the HORIZON Softkey
to return to the Horizontal Scan view and repeat the previous steps.
Adjusting Gain
WARNING: Changing the gain in Weather Mode will cause precipitation
intensity to be displayed as a color not representative of the true intensity.
Remember to return the gain setting to ‘Calibrated’ for viewing the actual
intensity of precipitation.
36
1)
Select the GAIN Softkey to activate the cursor in the ‘GAIN’ field.
2)
Turn the small FMS Knob to adjust the gain for the desirable level. The
gain setting is visible in the gain field as a movable horizontal bar in
a flashing box. The line pointer is a reference depicting the calibrated
position.
3)
Press the FMS Knob to remove the cursor.
4)
Select the GAIN Softkey again to recalibrate the gain. ‘CALIBRATED’ will be
displayed in the ‘GAIN’ field.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Hawker Beechcraft C90A/GT
190-00664-00 Rev. A
Hazard Avoidance
Ground Mapping
1)
Select the MODE Softkey.
2)
Select the GROUND Softkey to place the radar in Ground Map Mode.
3)
Select the BACK Softkey.
4)
Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
5)
Turn the large FMS Knob to place the cursor in the ‘TILT’ field.
6)
Adjust the antenna tilt angle by turning the small FMS Knob to position the
ground returns as desired.
7)
Press the FMS Knob to remove the cursor.
Sector Scan
1)
While in the Horizontal Scan Mode, move the Joystick right or left to place
the Bearing Line in the desired position. The location of the Bearing Line
will become the center point of the Sector Scan.
2)
Press the FMS Knob to display the cursor.
3)
Turn the large FMS Knob to place the cursor in the SECTOR SCAN field.
4)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select FULL, 60˚, 40˚, or 20˚ scan.
5)
If desired, readjust the Bearing Line with the Joystick to change the center
of the Sector Scan.
6)
Press the FMS Knob to remove the cursor.
Antenna Stabilization
1)
To activate or deactivate the antenna stabilization, select the MODE
Softkey.
2)
Select the STAB ON Softkey to activate antenna stabilization or select
the STAB OFF Softkey to deactivate. The current stabilization condition is
shown in the upper right of the weather radar display.
Weather Attenuated Color Highlight (WATCH™)
To activate or deactivate the Watch™ feature, select the WATCH Softkey. This
feature is only available in the Horizontal Scan Mode.
Weather Alert
To activate or deactivate Weather Alert, select the WX ALRT Softkey. Activating
and deactivating will also enable or inhibit the alert on the PFD.
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Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Hawker Beechcraft C90A/GT
37
Hazard Avoidance
Automatic Standby
When the weather radar system is in the Weather or Ground Map Mode, upon
landing the system will automatically switch to Standby Mode.
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Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Hawker Beechcraft C90A/GT
190-00664-00 Rev. A
Additional Features
ADDITIONAL FEATURES
NOTE: The availability of SafeTaxi™, ChartView, or FliteCharts™ in electronic
form does not preclude the requirement to carry paper charts aboard the
aircraft. See AC 120-76A for more information.
SAFETAXI™
SafeTaxi™ is an enhanced feature that gives greater map detail when zooming in on
airports at close range. The airport display on the map reveals runways with numbers,
taxiways with identifying letters/numbers, and airport landmarks including ramps,
buildings, control towers, and other prominent features. Resolution is greater at lower
map ranges. When the aircraft location is within the screen boundary, including within
SafeTaxi ranges, an airplane symbol is shown on any of the navigation map views for
enhanced position awareness.
Pressing the DCLTR Softkey (declutter) once removes the taxiway markings and
airport identification labels. Pressing the DCLTR Softkey twice removes VOR station
ID, the VOR symbol, and intersection names if within the airport plan view. Pressing
the DCLTR Softkey a third time removes the airport runway layout, unless the airport
in view is part of an active route structure. Pressing the DCLTR Softkey again cycles
back to the original map detail.
The SafeTaxi database contains detailed airport diagrams for selected airports.
These diagrams aid in following ground control instructions by accurately displaying
the aircraft position on the map in relation to taxiways, ramps, runways, terminals, and
services. This database is updated on a 56-day cycle.
CHARTVIEW
ChartView resembles the paper version of Jeppesen terminal procedures charts.
The charts are displayed in full color with high-resolution. The MFD depiction shows
the aircraft position on the moving map in the plan view of approach charts and on
airport diagrams.
The ChartView database is updated on a 14-day cycle. If the ChartView database
is not updated within 70 days of the expiration date, ChartView will no longer
function.
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Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Hawker Beechcraft C90A/GT
39
Additional Features
FLITECHARTS™
FliteCharts™ resemble the paper version of National Aeronautical Charting Office
(NACO) terminal procedures charts. The charts are displayed with high-resolution
and in color for applicable charts.
The FliteCharts database contains procedure charts for the United States only. This
database is updated on a 28-day cycle. If not updated within 180 days of the expiration date, FliteCharts will no longer function.
VIEW CHARTS FROM THE NAVIGATION MAP PAGE
1)
Press the SHW CHRT Softkey while viewing the navigation map. This will
display the airport diagram for the closest airport, if available.
Or:
Move the map pointer to point to a desired point on the map and press the
SHW CHRT Softkey.
2)
Press the DP, STAR, APR, WX, and NOTAM softkeys to access charts for
departures, arrivals, approaches, weather and NOTAMs.
3)
Press the GO BACK Softkey to return to the previous page.
VIEW CHARTS FROM THE ACTIVE FLIGHT PLAN PAGE
1)
While viewing the Active Flight Plan Page, press the FMS Knob to activate
the cursor.
2)
Turn the large FMS Knob to select the departure airport, destination
airport, departure, arrival, or approach.
3)
Press the SHW CHRT Softkey. The appropriate chart will be displayed, if
available for the item selected.
4)
Press the GO BACK Softkey to return to the previous page.
CHANGE DAY/NIGHT VIEW
40
1)
While viewing a terminal chart press the MENU Key to display the Page
Menu OPTIONS.
2)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the ‘Chart Setup’ Menu Option and
press the ENT Key.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Hawker Beechcraft C90A/GT
190-00664-00 Rev. A
Additional Features
3)
Turn the large FMS Knob to move between the ‘FULL SCREEN’ and ‘COLOR
SCHEME’ Options.
4)
Turn the small FMS Knob to choose between the ‘On’ and ‘Off’ Full Screen
Options.
5)
Turn the small FMS Knob to choose between ‘Day’, ‘Auto’, and ‘Night’
Options.
6)
In Auto Mode, turn the large FMS Knob to select the percentage field and
change percentage with the small FMS Knob. The percentage of change is
the day/night crossover point based on backlighting intensity.
7)
Press the FMS Knob when finished to remove the Chart Setup Menu.
190-00664-00 Rev. A
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Hawker Beechcraft C90A/GT
41
Additional Features
XM® RADIO ENTERTAINMENT
The XM® Radio Page provides information and control of the audio entertainment
features of the XM Satellite Radio.
Selecting the XM Radio Page
1)
Turn the large FMS Knob to select the Auxiliary Page Group.
2)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the displayed AUX - XM Information
Page.
3)
Press the RADIO Softkey to show the XM Radio Page where audio
entertainment is controlled.
Active Channel and Channel List
The Active Channel Box on the XM Radio Page displays the currently selected
channel. The Channels List Box of the XM Radio Page shows a list of the available
channels for the selected category.
Selecting a Category
The Category Box of the XM Radio Page displays the currently selected category
of audio.
1) Select the CATGRY Softkey on the XM Radio Page.
2) Press the CAT + and CAT - Softkeys to cycle through the categories.
Or:
Turn the small FMS Knob to display the ‘Categories’ list. Highlight the
desired category with the small FMS Knob.
3) Press the ENT Key.
Select an Available Channel within the Selected Category
1)
While on the XM Radio Page, press the CHNL Softkey.
2)
Press the CH + Softkey to go up through the list in the Channel Box, or
move down the list with the CH – Softkey.
Or:
Press the FMS Knob to highlight the channel list and turn the large FMS
Knob to scroll through the channels.
3)
42
With the desired channel highlighted, press the ENT Key.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Hawker Beechcraft C90A/GT
190-00664-00 Rev. A
Additional Features
Entering a Channel Directly
1)
While on the XM Radio Page, press the CHNL Softkey.
2)
Press the DIR CH Softkey. The channel number in the Active Channel Box
will be highlighted.
3)
Press the numbered softkeys located on the bottom of the display to
directly select the desired channel number.
4)
Press the ENT Key to activate the selected channel.
Assigning Channel Presets
Up to 15 channels from any category can be assigned a preset number.
1) On the XM Radio Page, with the desired channel active, press the PRESETS
Softkey to access the first five preset channels (PS1 - PS5).
2) Press the MORE Softkey to access the next five channels (PS6 – PS10),
and again to access the last five channels (PS11 – PS15). Pressing the
MORE Softkey repeatedly cycles through the preset channels.
3) Press any one of the (PS1 - PS15) softkeys to assign a number to the
active channel.
4) Press the SET Softkey on the desired channel number to save the channel
as a preset.
Adjusting Volume
Radio volume is controlled at each passenger station.
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Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Hawker Beechcraft C90A/GT
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Additional Features
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Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Hawker Beechcraft C90A/GT
190-00664-00 Rev. A
Annunciations & Alerts
ANNUNCIATIONS & ALERTS
COMPARATOR ANNUNCIATIONS
Comparator
Window Text
ALT MISCOMP
Condition
Difference in altitude sensors is > 200 ft.
If both airspeed sensors detect < 35 knots, this is inhibited.
IAS MISCOMP
If either airspeed sensor detects > 35 knots, and the difference in sensors is > 10 kts.
If either airspeed sensor detects > 80 knots, and the difference in sensors is > 7 kts.
HDG MISCOMP Difference in heading sensors is > 6 degrees.
PIT MISCOMP
Difference in pitch sensors is > 5 degrees.
ROLL MISCOMP Difference in roll sensors is > 6 degrees.
ALT NO COMP
No data from one or both altitude sensors.
IAS NO COMP
No data from one or both airspeed sensors.
HDG NO COMP No data from one or both heading sensors.
PIT NO COMP
No data from one or both pitch sensors.
ROLL NO COMP No data from one or both roll sensors..
REVERSIONARY SENSOR ANNUNCIATIONS
Reversionary
Sensor Window
Text
Condition
BOTH ON ADC1
BOTH ON ADC2
BOTH ON AHRS1
Both PFDs are displaying data from the number one Air Data Computer.
BOTH ON AHRS2
Both PFDs are displaying data from the number two Attitude & Heading Reference
System.
BOTH ON GPS1
BOTH ON GPS2
XSIDE ADC
Both PFDs are displaying data from the number one GPS receiver.
XSIDE AHRS
190-00664-00 Rev. A
Both PFDs are displaying data from the number two Air Data Computer.
Both PFDs are displaying data from the number one Attitude & Heading Reference
System.
Both PFDs are displaying data from the number two GPS receiver.
The PFD displaying this annunciation is displaying data from the cross-side Air Data
Computer.
The PFD displaying this annunciation is displaying data from the cross-side Attitude &
Heading Reference System.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Hawker Beechcraft C90A/GT
45
Annunciations & Alerts
MFD & PFD Message Advisories
Message
DATA LOST – Pilot stored data was
lost. Recheck settings.
XTALK ERROR – A flight display
crosstalk error has occurred.
PFD1 SERVICE – PFD1 needs
service. Return unit for repair.
PFD2 SERVICE – PFD2 needs
service. Return unit for repair.
MFD1 SERVICE – MFD1 needs
service. Return unit for repair.
MANIFEST – PFD1 software
mismatch, communication halted.
MANIFEST – PFD2 software
mismatch, communication halted.
MANIFEST – MFD1 software
mismatch, communication halted.
PFD1 CONFIG – PFD1 config error.
Config service req’d.
PFD2 CONFIG – PFD2 config error.
Config service req’d.
MFD1 CONFIG – MFD1 config error.
Config service req’d.
SW MISMATCH – GDU software
version mismatch. Xtalk is off.
46
Comments
The pilot profile data was lost. System reverts
to default pilot profile and settings. The
pilot may reconfigure the MFD & PFD with
preferred settings, if desired.
The MFD and PFD are not communicating
with each other. The G1000 system should be
serviced.
The PFD and/or MFD self-test has detected
a problem. The G1000 system should be
serviced.
The PFD and/or MFD has incorrect software
installed. The G1000 system should be
serviced.
The PFD configuration settings do not match
backup configuration memory. The G1000
system should be serviced.
The MFD configuration settings do not match
backup configuration memory. The G1000
system should be serviced.
The MFD and PFD have different software
versions installed. The G1000 system should
be serviced.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Hawker Beechcraft C90A/GT
190-00664-00 Rev. A
Annunciations & Alerts
MFD & PFD Message Advisories (Cont.)
Message
PFD1 COOLING – PFD1 has poor
cooling. Reducing power usage.
PFD2 COOLING – PFD2 has poor
cooling. Reducing power usage.
MFD1 COOLING – MFD1 has poor
cooling. Reducing power usage.
PFD1 KEYSTK – PFD1 [key name]
Key is stuck.
PFD2 KEYSTK – PFD2 [key name]
Key is stuck.
MFD1 KEYSTK – MFD [key name]
Key is stuck.
CNFG MODULE – PFD1
configuration module is inoperative.
PFD1 VOLTAGE – PFD1 has low
voltage. Reducing power usage
PFD2 VOLTAGE – PFD2 has low
voltage. Reducing power usage
MFD1 VOLTAGE – MFD1 has low
voltage. Reducing power usage
Comments
The PFD and/or MFD is overheating and is
reducing power consumption by dimming
the display. If problem persists, the G1000
system should be serviced.
A key is stuck on the PFD and/or MFD bezel.
Attempt to free the stuck key by pressing it
several times. The G1000 system should be
serviced if the problem persists.
The PFD1 configuration module backup
memory has failed. The G1000 system should
be serviced.
The PFD1 voltage is low. The G1000 system
should be serviced.
The PFD2 voltage is low. The G1000 system
should be serviced.
The MFD voltage is low. The G1000 system
should be serviced.
Database Message Advisories
Message
MFD1 DB ERR – MFD1 aviation
database error exists.
PFD1 DB ERR – PFD1 aviation
database error exists.
PFD2 DB ERR – PFD2 aviation
database error exists.
190-00664-00 Rev. A
Comments
The MFD and/or PFD detected a failure in
the aviation database. Attempt to reload the
aviation database. If problem persists, the
G1000 system should be serviced.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Hawker Beechcraft C90A/GT
47
Annunciations & Alerts
Database Message Advisories (Cont.)
Message
MFD1 DB ERR – MFD1 basemap
database error exists.
PFD1 DB ERR – PFD1 basemap
database error exists.
PFD2 DB ERR – PFD2 basemap
database error exists.
MFD1 DB ERR – MFD1 terrain
database error exists.
PFD1 DB ERR – PFD1 terrain
database error exists.
PFD2 DB ERR – PFD2 terrain
database error exists.
MFD1 DB ERR – MFD1 obstacle
database error exists.
PFD1 DB ERR – PFD1 obstacle
database error exists.
PFD2 DB ERR – PFD2 obstacle
database error exists.
MFD1 DB ERR – MFD1 airport
terrain database error exists.
PFD1 DB ERR – PFD1 airport terrain
database error exists.
PFD2 DB ERR – PFD2 airport terrain
database error exists.
MFD1 DB ERR – MFD1 Safe Taxi
database error exists.
PFD1 DB ERR – PFD1 Safe Taxi
database error exists.
PFD2 DB ERR – PFD2 Safe Taxi
database error exists.
48
Comments
The MFD and/or PFD detected a failure in the
basemap database.
The MFD and/or PFD detected a failure in the
terrain database. Ensure that the terrain card
is properly inserted in display. Replace terrain
card. If problem persists, the G1000 system
should be serviced.
The MFD and/or PFD detected a failure in the
obstacle database. Ensure that the data card
is properly inserted. Replace data card. If
problem persists, the G1000 system should
be serviced.
The MFD and/or PFD detected a failure in the
airport terrain database. Ensure that the data
card is properly inserted. Replace data card.
If problem persists, the G1000 system should
be serviced.
The MFD and/or PFD detected a failure in the
Safe Taxi database. Ensure that the data card
is properly inserted. Replace data card. If
problem persists, the G1000 system should
be serviced.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Hawker Beechcraft C90A/GT
190-00664-00 Rev. A
Annunciations & Alerts
Database Message Advisories (Cont.)
Message
MFD1 DB ERR – MFD1 Chartview
database error exists.
Comments
The MFD and/or PFD detected a failure in
the ChartView database (optional feature).
Ensure that the data card is properly inserted.
Replace data card. If problem persists, the
G1000 system should be serviced.
MFD1 DB ERR – MFD1 FliteCharts The MFD and/or PFD detected a failure in
database error exists.
the FliteCharts database (optional feature).
Ensure that the data card is properly inserted.
Replace data card. If problem persists, the
G1000 system should be serviced.
DB MISMATCH – Aviation database The PFD and MFD have different aviation
version mismatch. Xtalk is off.
database versions installed. Crossfill is off.
Install correct aviation database version in
both displays.
DB MISMATCH – Aviation database The PFD and MFD have different aviation
type mismatch. Xtalk is off.
database types installed (Americas, European,
etc.). Crossfill is off. Install correct aviation
database type in both displays.
DB MISMATCH – Terrain database The PFD and MFD have different terrain
version mismatch.
database versions installed. Install correct
terrain database version in both displays.
DB MISMATCH – Terrain database The PFD and MFD have different terrain
type mismatch.
database types installed. Install correct
terrain database type in both displays.
DB MISMATCH – Obstacle database The PFD and MFD have different obstacle
version mismatch.
database versions installed. Install correct
obstacle database version in both displays.
DB MISMATCH – Airport Terrain
The PFD and MFD have different airport terrain
database mismatch.
databases installed. Install correct airport
terrain database in both displays.
190-00664-00 Rev. A
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Hawker Beechcraft C90A/GT
49
Annunciations & Alerts
GMA 1347D Message Advisories
Message
GMA1 FAIL – GMA1 is inoperative.
GMA2 FAIL – GMA2 is inoperative.
GMA XTALK – GMA crosstalk error
has occurred.
GMA1 CONFIG – GMA1 config
error. Config service req’d.
GMA2 CONFIG – GMA2 config
error. Config service req’d.
MANIFEST – GMA1 software
mismatch, communication halted.
MANIFEST – GMA2 software
mismatch, communication halted.
GMA1 SERVICE – GMA1 needs
service. Return unit for repair.
GMA2 SERVICE – GMA2 needs
service. Return unit for repair.
Comments
The audio panel self-test has detected a
failure. The audio panel is unavailable. The
G1000 system should be serviced.
An error has occurred in transferring data
between the two GMAs. The G1000 system
should be serviced.
The audio panel configuration settings do not
match backup configuration memory. The
G1000 system should be serviced.
The audio panel has incorrect software installed.
The G1000 system should be serviced.
The audio panel self-test has detected a problem
in the unit. Certain audio functions may still be
available, and the audio panel may still be usable.
The G1000 system should be serviced when
possible.
GIA 63W Message Advisories
Message
GIA1 CONFIG – GIA1 config error.
Config service req’d.
GIA2 CONFIG – GIA2 config error.
Config service req’d.
GIA1 CONFIG – GIA1 audio config
error. Config service req’d.
GIA2 CONFIG – GIA2 audio config
error. Config service req’d.
50
Comments
The GIA1 and/or GIA2 configuration settings
do not match backup configuration memory.
The G1000 system should be serviced.
The GIA1 and/or GIA2 have an error in the
audio configuration. The G1000 system
should be serviced.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Hawker Beechcraft C90A/GT
190-00664-00 Rev. A
Annunciations & Alerts
GIA 63W Message Advisories (Cont.)
Message
GIA1 COOLING – GIA1 temperature
too low.
GIA2 COOLING – GIA2 temperature
too low.
GIA1 COOLING – GIA1 over
temperature.
GIA2 COOLING – GIA2 over
temperature.
GIA1 SERVICE – GIA1 needs
service. Return the unit for repair.
GIA2 SERVICE – GIA2 needs
service. Return the unit for repair.
HW MISMATCH – GIA hardware
mismatch. GIA1 communication
halted.
HW MISMATCH – GIA hardware
mismatch. GIA2 communication
halted.
MANIFEST – GIA1 software
mismatch, communication halted.
MANIFEST – GIA2 software
mismatch, communication halted.
COM1 TEMP – COM1 over temp.
Reducing transmitter power.
COM2 TEMP – COM2 over temp.
Reducing transmitter power.
COM1 SERVICE – COM1 needs
service. Return unit for repair.
COM2 SERVICE – COM2 needs
service. Return unit for repair.
190-00664-00 Rev. A
Comments
The GIA1 and/or GIA2 temperature is too low
to operate correctly. Allow units to warm up
to operating temperature.
The GIA1 and/or GIA2 temperature is too
high. If problem persists, the G1000 system
should be serviced.
The GIA1 and/or GIA2 self-test has detected
a problem in the unit. The G1000 system
should be serviced.
A GIA mismatch has been detected, where
only one is WAAS capable.
The GIA1 and/or GIA 2 has incorrect software
installed. The G1000 system should be
serviced.
The system has detected an over temperature
condition in COM1 and/or COM2. The
transmitter will operate at reduced power.
If the problem persists, the G1000 system
should be serviced.
The system has detected a failure in COM1
and/or COM2. COM1 and/or COM2 may
still be usable. The G1000 system should be
serviced when possible.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Hawker Beechcraft C90A/GT
51
Annunciations & Alerts
GIA 63W Message Advisories (Cont.)
Message
COM1 PTT – COM1 push-to-talk key
is stuck.
COM2 PTT – COM2 push-to-talk key
is stuck.
COM1 RMT XFR – COM1 remote
transfer key is stuck.
COM2 RMT XFR – COM2 remote
transfer key is stuck.
LOI – GPS integrity lost. Crosscheck
with other NAVS.
GPS NAV LOST – Loss of GPS
navigation. Insufficient satellites.
Comments
The COM1 and/or COM2 external pushto-talk switch is stuck in the enable (or
“pressed”) position. Press the PTT switch
again to cycle its operation.
If the problem persists, the G1000 system
should be serviced.
The COM1 and/or COM2 transfer switch is
stuck in the enabled (or “pressed”) position.
Press the transfer switch again to cycle its
operation. If the problem persists, the G1000
system should be serviced.
GPS integrity is insufficient for the current
phase of flight.
Loss of GPS navigation due to insufficient
satellites.
GPS NAV LOST – Loss of GPS
navigation. Position error.
Loss of GPS navigation due to position error.
GPS NAV LOST – Loss of GPS
navigation. GPS fail.
Loss of GPS navigation due to GPS failure.
ABORT APR – Loss of GPS
navigation. Abort approach.
APR DWNGRADE – Approach
downgraded.
TRUE APR – True north approach.
Change HDG reference to TRUE.
Abort approach due to loss of GPS
navigation.
Use LNAV minima when approach is
downgraded.
Displayed after passing the first waypoint of
a true north approach when the nav angle is
set to ‘AUTO’.
GPS1 SERVICE – GPS1 needs
service. Return unit for repair.
GPS2 SERVICE – GPS2 needs
service. Return unit for repair.
A failure has been detected in the GPS1
and/or GPS2 receiver. The receiver may still
be available. The G1000 system should be
serviced.
52
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Hawker Beechcraft C90A/GT
190-00664-00 Rev. A
Annunciations & Alerts
GIA 63W Message Advisories (Cont.)
Message
NAV1 SERVICE – NAV1 needs
service. Return unit for repair.
NAV2 SERVICE – NAV2 needs
service. Return unit for repair.
NAV1 RMT XFR – NAV1 remote
transfer key is stuck.
NAV2 RMT XFR – NAV2 remote
transfer key is stuck.
G/S1 FAIL – G/S1 is inoperative.
G/S2 FAIL – G/S2 is inoperative.
Comments
A failure has been detected in the NAV1
and/or NAV2 receiver. The receiver may still
be available. The G1000 system should be
serviced.
The remote NAV1 and/or NAV2 transfer
switch is stuck in the enabled (or “pressed”)
state. Press the transfer switch again to cycle
its operation. If the problem persists, the
G1000 system should be serviced.
A failure has been detected in glideslope
receiver 1 and/or receiver 2. The G1000
system should be serviced.
G/S1 SERVICE – G/S1 needs service. A failure has been detected in glideslope
Return unit for repair.
receiver 1 and/or receiver 2. The receiver may
G/S2 SERVICE – G/S2 needs service. still be available. The G1000 system should
be serviced when possible.
Return unit for repair.
GEA 71 Message Advisories
Message
Comments
GEA1 CONFIG – GEA1 config error. The GEA1 configuration settings do not
Config service req’d.
match those of backup configuration memory.
The G1000 system should be serviced.
GEA2 CONFIG – GEA2 config error. The GEA2 configuration settings do not
Config service req’d.
match those of backup configuration memory.
The G1000 system should be serviced.
MANIFEST – GEA1 software
The #1 GEA 71 has incorrect software
mismatch, communication halted.
installed. The G1000 system should be
serviced.
MANIFEST – GEA2 software
The #2 GEA 71 has incorrect software
mismatch, communication halted.
installed. The G1000 system should be
serviced.
190-00664-00 Rev. A
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Hawker Beechcraft C90A/GT
53
Annunciations & Alerts
GTX 33 Message Advisories
Message
XPDR1 CONFIG – XPDR1 config
error. Config service req’d.
Comments
The transponder configuration settings do not
match those of backup configuration memory.
The G1000 system should be serviced.
XPDR2 CONFIG – XPDR2 config
The transponder configuration settings do not
error. Config service req’d.
match those of backup configuration memory.
The G1000 system should be serviced.
MANIFEST – GTX1 software
The transponder has incorrect software
mismatch, communication halted.
installed. The G1000 system should be
serviced.
MANIFEST – GTX2 software
The transponder has incorrect software
mismatch, communication halted.
installed. The G1000 system should be
serviced.
XPDR1 SRVC – XPDR1 needs
The #1 transponder should be serviced when
service. Return unit for repair.
possible.
XPDR2 SRVC – XPDR2 needs
The #2 transponder should be serviced when
service. Return unit for repair.
possible.
XPDR1 FAIL – XPDR1 is inoperative. There is no communication with the #1
transponder.
XPDR2 FAIL – XPDR2 is inoperative. There is no communication with the #2
transponder.
GRS 77 Message Advisories
Message
AHRS1 TAS – AHRS1 not receiving
airspeed.
AHRS2 TAS – AHRS2 not receiving
airspeed.
54
Comments
The #1 AHRS is not receiving true airspeed
from the air data computer. The AHRS relies
on GPS information to augment the lack
of airspeed. The G1000 system should be
serviced.
The #2 AHRS is not receiving true airspeed from
the air data computer. The AHRS relies on GPS
information to augment the lack of airspeed.
The G1000 system should be serviced.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Hawker Beechcraft C90A/GT
190-00664-00 Rev. A
Annunciations & Alerts
GRS 77 Message Advisories (Cont.)
Message
AHRS1 GPS – AHRS1 using backup
GPS source.
AHRS2 GPS – AHRS2 using backup
GPS source.
AHRS1 GPS – AHRS1 not receiving
any GPS information.
AHRS2 GPS – AHRS2 not receiving
any GPS information.
AHRS1 GPS – AHRS1 not receiving
backup GPS information.
AHRS2 GPS – AHRS2 not receiving
backup GPS information.
AHRS1 GPS – AHRS1 operating
exclusively in no-GPS mode.
AHRS2 GPS – AHRS2 operating
exclusively in no-GPS mode.
AHRS MAG DB – AHRS magnetic
model database version mismatch.
AHRS1 SRVC – AHRS1 Magneticfield model needs update.
190-00664-00 Rev. A
Comments
The #1 AHRS is using the backup GPS path.
Primary GPS path has failed. The G1000
system should be serviced when possible.
The #2 AHRS is using the backup GPS path.
Primary GPS path has failed. The G1000
system should be serviced when possible.
The #1 AHRS is not receiving any or any
useful GPS information. Check AFMS
limitations. The G1000 system should be
serviced.
The #2 AHRS is not receiving any or any
useful GPS information. Check AFMS
limitations. The G1000 system should be
serviced.
The #1 AHRS is not receiving backup GPS
information. The G1000 system should be
serviced.
The #2 AHRS is not receiving backup GPS
information. The G1000 system should be
serviced.
The #1 AHRS is operating exclusively in
no-GPS mode. The G1000 system should be
serviced.
The #2 AHRS is operating exclusively in
no-GPS mode. The G1000 system should be
serviced.
The #1 AHRS and #2 AHRS magnetic model
database versions do not match.
The #1 AHRS earth magnetic field model is
out of date. Update magnetic field model
when practical.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Hawker Beechcraft C90A/GT
55
Annunciations & Alerts
GRS 77 Message Advisories (Cont.)
Message
AHRS2 SRVC – AHRS2 Magneticfield model needs update.
Comments
The #2 AHRS earth magnetic field model is
out of date. Update magnetic field model
when practical.
GEO LIMITS – AHRS1 too far North/
The aircraft is outside geographical limits
South, no magnetic compass.
for approved AHRS operation. Heading is
GEO LIMITS – AHRS2 too far North/ flagged as invalid.
South, no magnetic compass.
MANIFEST – GRS1 software
mismatch, communication halted.
MANIFEST – GRS2 software
mismatch, communication halted.
The #1 AHRS has incorrect software installed.
The G1000 system should be serviced.
The #2 AHRS has incorrect software installed.
The G1000 system should be serviced.
GMU 44 Message Advisories
Message
Comments
HDG FAULT – AHRS1 magnetometer A fault has occurred in the #1 GMU 44.
fault has occurred.
Heading is flagged as invalid. The AHRS uses
GPS for backup mode operation. The G1000
system should be serviced.
HDG FAULT – AHRS2 magnetometer A fault has occurred in the #2 GMU 44.
fault has occurred.
Heading is flagged as invalid. The AHRS uses
GPS for backup mode operation. The G1000
system should be serviced.
MANIFEST – GMU1 software
The GMU 44 has incorrect software installed.
mismatch, communication halted.
The G1000 system should be serviced.
MANIFEST – GMU2 software
mismatch, communication halted.
GDL 69A Message Advisories
Message
GDL69 CONFIG – GDL 69 config
error. Config service req’d.
56
Comments
GDL 69 configuration settings do not match
those of backup configuration memory. The
G1000 system should be serviced.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Hawker Beechcraft C90A/GT
190-00664-00 Rev. A
Annunciations & Alerts
GDL 69A Message Advisories (Cont.)
Message
GDL69 FAIL – GDL 69 has failed.
MANIFEST – GDL software
mismatch, communication halted.
Comments
A failure has been detected in the GDL
69. The receiver is unavailable. The G1000
system should be serviced
The GDL 69 has incorrect software installed.
The G1000 system should be serviced.
GDC 74B Message Advisories
Message
ADC1 ALT EC – ADC1 altitude error
correction is unavailable.
ADC2 ALT EC – ADC2 altitude error
correction is unavailable.
ADC1 AS EC – ADC1 airspeed error
correction is unavailable.
ADC2 AS EC – ADC2 airspeed error
correction is unavailable.
MANIFEST – GDC1 software
mismatch, communication halted.
MANIFEST – GDC2 software
mismatch, communication halted.
Comments
GDC1 or GDC2 is reporting that the altitude
error correction is unavailable.
GDC1 or GDC2 is reporting that the airspeed
error correction is unavailable.
The GDC 74B has incorrect software installed.
The G1000 system should be serviced.
GCU 475 Message Advisories
Message
GCU CNFG – GCU config error.
Config service req’d.
GCU FAIL – GCU is inoperative.
MANIFEST – GCU software
mismatch, communication halted.
190-00664-00 Rev. A
Comments
GCU 475 configuration settings do not match
those of backup configuration memory. The
G1000 system should be serviced.
A failure has been detected in the GCU 475.
The GCU 475 is unavailable.
The GCU 475 has incorrect software installed.
The G1000 system should be serviced.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Hawker Beechcraft C90A/GT
57
Annunciations & Alerts
GCU 475 Message Advisories (Cont.)
Message
Comments
GCU KEYSTK – GCU [key name] Key A key is stuck on the GCU 475 bezel.
is stuck.
Attempt to free the stuck key by pressing it
several times. The G1000 system should be
serviced if the problem persists.
GMC 710 Message Advisories
Message
GMC CONFIG – GMC config error.
Config service req’d.
GMC FAIL – GMC is inoperative.
MANIFEST – GMC software
mismatch, communication halted.
GMC KEYSTK – GMC [key name]
Key is stuck.
Comments
Error in the configuration of the GMC 710.
A failure has been detected in the GMC 710.
The GMC 710 is unavailable.
The GMC 710 has incorrect software
installed. The G1000 system should be
serviced.
A key is stuck on the GMC 710 bezel.
Attempt to free the stuck key by pressing it
several times. The G1000 system should be
serviced if the problem persists.
GWX 68 Alert Messages
Message
GWX CONFIG – GWX config error.
Config service req’d.
GWX FAIL – GWX is inoperative.
GWX SERVICE – GWX needs
service. Return unit for repair.
MANIFEST – GWX software
mismatch, communication halted.
58
Comments
GWX 68 configuration settings do not match
those of the GDU configuration. The G1000
system should be serviced.
The GDU is not receiving status packet from
the GWX 68 or the GWX 68 is reporting a
fault. The GWX 68 radar system should be
serviced.
A failure has been detected in the GWX 68.
The GWX 68 may still be usable.
The GWX 68 has incorrect software installed.
The G1000 system should be serviced.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Hawker Beechcraft C90A/GT
190-00664-00 Rev. A
Annunciations & Alerts
GWX 68 Alert Messages (Cont.)
Message
Comments
WX ALERT – Possible severe weather The GWX 68 indicates severe weather within
ahead.
±10 degrees of the aircraft heading at a
range of 80 to 320 nm.
Miscellaneous Message Advisories
Message
FPL WPT LOCK – Flight plan
waypoint is locked.
FPL WPT MOVE – Flight plan
waypoint moved.
TIMER EXPIRD – Timer has
expired.
DB CHANGE – Database
changed. Verify user modified
procedures.
DB CHANGE – Database
changed. Verify stored airways.
190-00664-00 Rev. A
Comments
Upon power-up, the G1000 system detects that a
stored flight plan waypoint is locked. This occurs
when an aviation database update eliminates an
obsolete waypoint. The flight plan cannot find
the specified waypoint and flags this message.
This can also occur with user waypoints in a flight
plan that is deleted.
Remove the waypoint from the flight plan if
it no longer exists in any database, or update
the waypoint name/identifier to reflect the new
information.
The system has detected that a waypoint
coordinate has changed due to a new aviation
database update. Verify that stored flight plans
contain correct waypoint locations.
The system notifies the pilot that the timer has
expired.
This occurs when a stored flight plan contains
procedures that have been manually edited. This
alert is issued only after an aviation database
update. Verify that the user-modified procedures
in stored flight plans are correct and up to date.
This occurs when a stored flight plan contains
an airway that is no longer consistent with the
aviation database. This alert is issued only after
an aviation database update. Verify use of
airways in stored flight plans and reload airways
as needed.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Hawker Beechcraft C90A/GT
59
Annunciations & Alerts
Miscellaneous Message Advisories (Cont.)
Message
FPL TRUNC – Flight plan has
been truncated.
LOCKED FPL – Cannot
navigate locked flight plan.
WPT ARRIVAL – Arriving at
waypoint -[xxxx]
STEEP TURN – Steep turn
ahead.
INSIDE ARSPC – Inside
airspace.
ARSPC AHEAD – Airspace
ahead less than 10 minutes.
Comments
This occurs when a newly installed aviation
database eliminates an obsolete approach or
arrival used by a stored flight plan. The obsolete
procedure is removed from the flight plan. Update
flight plan with current arrival or approach.
This occurs when the pilot attempts to activate a
stored flight plan that contains locked waypoint.
Remove locked waypoint from flight plan. Update
flight plan with current waypoint.
Arriving at waypoint [xxxx], where [xxxx] is the
waypoint name.
A steep turn is 15 seconds ahead. Prepare to turn.
The aircraft is inside the airspace.
Special use airspace is ahead of aircraft. The
aircraft will penetrate the airspace within 10
minutes.
ARSPC NEAR – Airspace near Special use airspace is near and ahead of the
and ahead.
aircraft position.
ARSPC NEAR – Airspace near Special use airspace is within 2 nm of the aircraft
– less than 2 nm.
position.
APR INACTV – Approach is not The system notifies the pilot that the loaded
active.
approach is not active. Activate approach when
required.
SLCT FREQ – Select appropriate The system notifies the pilot to load the approach
frequency for approach.
frequency for the appropriate NAV receiver. Select
the correct frequency for the approach.
SLCT NAV – Select NAV on CDI The system notifies the pilot to set the CDI to the
for approach.
correct NAV receiver. Set the CDI to the correct
NAV receiver.
60
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Hawker Beechcraft C90A/GT
190-00664-00 Rev. A
Annunciations & Alerts
Miscellaneous Message Advisories (Cont.)
Message
PTK FAIL – Parallel track
unavailable: bad geometry.
PTK FAIL – Parallel track
unavailable: invalid leg type.
PTK FAIL – Parallel track
unavailable: past IAF.
UNABLE V WPT – Can’t reach
current vertical waypoint.
VNV – Unavailable. Unsupported
leg type in flight plan.
VNV – Unavailable. Excessive
crosstrack error.
VNV – Unavailable. Excessive
track angle error.
VNV – Unavailable. Parallel course
selected.
NO WGS84 WPT – Non WGS 84
waypoint for navigation -[xxxx]
TRAFFIC FAIL – Traffic device has
failed.
STRMSCP FAIL – Stormscope has
failed.
FAILED PATH – A data path has
failed.
SCHEDULER [#] – <message>.
190-00664-00 Rev. A
Comments
Bad parallel track geometry.
Invalid leg type for parallel offset.
IAF waypoint for parallel offset has been passed.
The current vertical waypoint can not be reached
within the maximum flight path angle and vertical
speed constraints. The system will automatically
transition to the next vertical waypoint.
The lateral flight plan contains a procedure turn,
vector, or other unsupported leg type prior to
the active vertical waypoint. This will prevent
vertical guidance to the active vertical waypoint.
The current crosstrack exceeds the limit, causing
vertical deviation to go invalid.
The current track angle error exceeds the limit,
causing the vertical deviation to go invalid.
A parallel course has been selected, causing the
vertical deviation to go invalid.
The selected waypoint [xxxx] does not use the
WGS 84 datum. Cross-check position with
alternate navigation sources.
The G1000 is no longer receiving data from the
traffic system. The traffic device should be serviced.
Stormscope has failed. The G1000 system
should be serviced.
A data path connected to the GDU or the GIA
63/63W has failed.
Message criteria entered by the user.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Hawker Beechcraft C90A/GT
61
Annunciations & Alerts
Miscellaneous Message Advisories (Cont.)
Message
MAG VAR WARN – Large
magnetic variance. Verify all course
angles.
62
Comments
The GDU’s internal model cannot determine the
exact magnetic variance for geographic locations
near the magnetic poles. Displayed magnetic
course angles may differ from the actual
magnetic heading by more than 2°.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Hawker Beechcraft C90A/GT
190-00664-00 Rev. A
Appendix
APPENDIX
PFD SOFTKEY MAP
ALERTS
Top Level PFD Softkeys
ALERTS
ALERTS
STRMSCP
Select the BACK Softkey to return to
the top-level softkeys.
Inset Map Softkeys
Displays Inset Map in PFD lower left corner
INSET
OFF
Removes Inset Map
DCLTR (3)
Selects desired amount of map detail; cycles
through declutter levels:
DCLTR (No Declutter): All map features
visible
DCLTR-1: Declutters land data
DCLTR-2: Declutters land and SUA data
DCLTR-3: Removes everything except the
active flight plan
190-00664-00 Rev. A
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Hawker Beechcraft C90A/GT
63
Appendix
TRAFFIC
Displays traffic information on Inset Map
TOPO
Displays topographical data (e.g., coastlines, terrain, rivers, lakes) and elevation
scale on Inset Map
Displays terrain information on Inset Map
TERRAIN
STRMSCP
NEXRAD
XM LTNG
Press to display the Stormscope lightning
data on the Inset Map (within a 200 nm
radius of the aircraft)
Displays NEXRAD weather and coverage
information on Inset Map (optional feature)
Displays XM lightning information on Inset
Map (optional feature)
ALERTS
ADC1
ADC2
AHRS1
AHRS2
BACK
ALERTS
Select the BACK Softkey to
return to the top level softkeys.
Sensor Softkeys
ADC1
Displays softkeys for selecting the #1 and
#2 AHRS and Air Data Computers
Selects the #1 Air Data Computer
ADC2
Selects the #2 Air Data Computer
AHRS1
Selects the #1 AHRS
AHRS2
Selects the #2 AHRS
SENSOR
64
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Hawker Beechcraft C90A/GT
190-00664-00 Rev. A
Appendix
(optional)
ALERTS
HSI FRMT
FD FRMT
ALT UNIT
ALERTS
Select the BACK Softkey to
return to the top-level softkeys
METERS
360 HSI
IN
HPA
ARC HSI
ALERTS
ALERTS
ALERTS
SNGL CUE X POINTR
ALERTS
PFD Configuration Softkeys
Displays second-level softkeys for additional PFD configurations
Displays the softkeys for selecting the
two flight director formats
PFD
FD FRMT
SNGL CUE Selects the single cue flight director
format
X POINTR
DFLTS
WIND
OPTN 1
190-00664-00 Rev. A
Selects the cross pointer flight director
format
Resets PFD to default settings, including
changing units to standard
Displays softkeys to select wind data
parameters
Longitudinal and lateral components
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Hawker Beechcraft C90A/GT
65
Appendix
OPTN 2
Total direction and speed
OPTN 3
Total direction with head and crosswind
speed components
Information not displayed
OFF
DME
BRG1
HSI FRMT
360 HSI
ARC HSI
BRG2
ALT UNIT
STD BARO
66
Displays the DME Information Window
Cycles the Bearing 1 Information Window through NAV1 or GPS/waypoint
identifier and GPS-derived distance
information, and ADF/frequency.
Displays the HSI formatting softkeys
Displays the HSI in a 360 degree format
Displays the HSI in an arc format
Cycles the Bearing 2 Information Window through NAV2 or GPS/waypoint
identifier and GPS-derived distance
information, and ADF/frequency.
Displays softkeys for setting the altimeter
and BARO settings to metric units
METERS
When enabled, displays altimeter in
meters
IN
Press to display the BARO setting as
inches of mercury
HPA
Press to display the BARO setting as
hectopacals
Sets barometric pressure to 29.92 in Hg
(1013 hPa)
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Hawker Beechcraft C90A/GT
190-00664-00 Rev. A
Appendix
ALERTS
ALERTS
Select the BACK Softkey to return
to the top-level softkeys.
ALERTS
Select the BACK Softkey to return
to the previous level softkeys.
Transponder Softkeys
XPDR1
Displays transponder mode selection
softkeys
Selects the #1 transponder as active
XPDR2
Selects the #2 transponder as active
STBY
Selects Standby Mode (transponder does
not reply to any interrogations)
Selects Mode A (transponder replies to
interrogations)
Selects Mode C – Altitude Reporting Mode
(transponder replies to identification and
altitude interrogations)
Manually selects Ground Mode, the transponder does not allow Mode A and
Mode C replies, but it does permit acquisition squitter and replies to discretely addressed Mode S interrogations.
XPDR
ON
ALT
GND
190-00664-00 Rev. A
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Hawker Beechcraft C90A/GT
67
Appendix
0—7
Automatically enters the VFR code (1200 in
the U.S.A. only)
Displays transponder code selection softkeys 0-7
Use numbers to enter code
BKSP
Removes numbers entered, one at a time
VFR
CODE
TMR/REF
Activates the Special Position Identification
(SPI) pulse for 18 seconds, identifying the
transponder return on the ATC screen
Displays Timer/References Window
NRST
Displays Nearest Airports Window
MSG
Displays Messages Window
IDENT
MFD SOFTKEY MAP
DCLTR
MAP
(optional)
(optional)
SHW CHRT
CHKLIST
DCLTR-1
DCLTR-2
Select the BACK Softkey on
this level to return to the top
softkey level.
DCLTR-3
TRAFFIC
TOPO
TERRAIN
AIRWAYS
STRMSCP
(optional)
(optional)
NEXRAD
XM LTNG
BACK
AIRWY ON
AIRWY LO
AIRWAY HI
MFD Softkeys
Enables second-level Navigation Map softkeys
MAP
68
TRAFFIC
Displays traffic information on Navigation Map
TOPO
Displays topographical data (e.g., coastlines, terrain,
rivers, lakes) and elevation scale on Navigation Map
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Hawker Beechcraft C90A/GT
190-00664-00 Rev. A
Appendix
TERRAIN Displays terrain information on Navigation Map
AIRWAYS Displays airways on the map; cycles through the
following:
AIRWAYS: No airways are displayed
AIRWY ON: All airways are displayed
AIRWY LO: Only low altitude airways are
displayed
AIRWY HI: Only high altitude airways are
displayed
STRMSCP Displays Stormscope weather and coverage
information on Navigation Map (optional feature)
NEXRAD Displays NEXRAD weather and coverage information on Navigation Map (optional feature)
XM LTNG Displays XM lightning information on Navigation
Map (optional feature)
Returns to top-level softkeys
BACK
DCLTR (3)
SHW CHRT
CHKLIST
190-00664-00 Rev. A
Selects desired amount of map detail; cycles
through declutter levels:
DCLTR (No Declutter): All map features visible
DCLTR-1: Declutters land data
DCLTR-2: Declutters land and SUA data
DCLTR-3: Removes everything except the active
flight plan
When available, displays optional airport and
terminal procedure charts
When available, displays optional checklists
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Hawker Beechcraft C90A/GT
69
Appendix
Blank Page
70
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Hawker Beechcraft C90A/GT
190-00664-00 Rev. A
Index
A
E
Activate a flight plan 12
Active Channel 42
ADF 5, 6, 66
AHRS 54, 55, 56, 57, 58
Airways 20, 69
Air Data Computer 45
Alert messages 58, 59
ALT 32
Altitude mode 32
Altitude volume 32
Antenna stabilization 37
Antenna tilt 35
APR Softkey 40
Attitude & Heading Reference System
45
Audio panel controls
NAV1, NAV2 6
Edit a flight plan 22
B
Barometric Altitude Minimums 3
Barometric pressure 66
Bearing line 36, 37
C
CDI 1, 2, 6, 60
Channel Presets 43
ChartView 39, 49
Clearance Recorder 6
Code selection softkeys 5
COM 5, 6
D
Database Updates 69
DCLTR Softkey 39
Declutter 63, 69
Direct-to 11
DME 5, 6
190-00664-00 Rev. A
F
Flight Director 7, 10
FliteCharts™ 39, 40
Frequency Transfer 6
G
Gain 36
Ground mapping 37
H
HF 5
Horizontal scan 36
I
Inhibit 34
Inhibit TAWS 34
Inset Map 63, 64
J
Jeppesen 39
L
Lightning 64
M
Map panning 30
Message advisories 46 – 50, 53 – 62
METAR 29
MISCOMP 45
Mode S 67
Mode selection softkeys 5
Multi Function Display (MFD)
Softkeys 68
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Hawker Beechcraft C90A/GT
Index-1
Index
N
NACO 40
NAV 6
NAV1 2, 6
NAV2 2, 6
Navigation database 13, 14
NEXRAD 29, 30, 64, 69
NOTAM Softkey 40
O
TAWS-B 33
Terrain 33, 49, 64, 68, 69
Tilt line 35
Topographical data 64, 68
Traffic 29, 31, 64, 68
Traffic advisory 31
Traffic map page 31, 32
Transponder 5, 67, 68
V
OBS 2
Obstacles 49, 51
Overspeed Protection 8
Vertical deviation guidance 14
Vertical speed guidance 14
VNV 11, 12, 61
Vspeed 2
P
W
PIT 45
Play 6
Playback 6
WAAS 26, 51
WATCH 37
Weather Attenuated Color Highlight 37
Weather data link page 29
Weather radar 35
Wind data 65
WX Softkey 40
R
RADIO softkey 42
S
SafeTaxi™ 39
Sector scan 37
Sensor 45
STAB 37
Standby 35
STAR Softkey 40
Store Flight Plan 21
Stormscope lightning data 64
X
XM lightning 64, 69
XM weather 29
XPDR Softkey 5
T
TAF 29
TAS 32, 54
TAWS 33, 34
Index-2
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Hawker Beechcraft C90A/GT
190-00664-00 Rev. A
Garmin International, Inc.
1200 East 151st Street
Olathe, KS 66062, U.S.A.
p: 913.397.8200 f: 913.397.8282
Garmin AT, Inc.
2345 Turner Road SE
Salem, OR 97302, U.S.A.
p: 503.391.3411 f: 503.364.2138
Garmin (Europe) Ltd
Liberty House, Bulls Copse Road
Hounsdown Business Park
Southampton, SO40 9RB, U.K.
p: 44/0870.8501241 f: 44/0870.8501251
Garmin Corporation
No. 68, Jangshu 2nd Road
Shijr, Taipei County, Taiwan
p: 886/2.2642.9199 f: 886/2.2642.9099
www.garmin.com
© 2007 Garmin Ltd. or its subsidiaries
190-00664-00 Rev. A
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