Garmin | G1000: Beechcraft King Air C90A/C90GT/C90GTi | Garmin G1000: Beechcraft King Air C90A/C90GT/C90GTi FAA Approved Airplane Flight Manual Supplement, G1000 and GFC 700 in King Air C90A/C90GT/C90GTi - - SSV 0636.03

Garmin G1000: Beechcraft King Air C90A/C90GT/C90GTi FAA Approved Airplane Flight Manual Supplement, G1000 and GFC 700 in King Air C90A/C90GT/C90GTi -  - SSV 0636.03
© Copyright 2007 - 2012
Garmin Ltd. or its subsidiaries
All Rights Reserved
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Garmin International, Inc.
1200 E. 151st Street
Olathe, KS 66062 USA
Telephone: 913-397-8200
www.garmin.com
Hawker Beechcraft C90A, C90GT and C90GTi King Air
Page 2 of 124
190-00682-02 Rev. E
Garmin International, Inc
Log of Revisions
Pilot’s Operating Handbook and FAA Approved Airplane Flight Manual
Supplement for
G1000 Integrated Avionics System and GFC 700 AFCS In Hawker Beechcraft
C90A, C90GT and C90GTi King Air Aircraft
REV
NO.
PAGE
NO(S)
DATE OF
APPROVAL
FAA APPROVED
A
ALL
Original Issue
11/08/2007
Robert G. Murray,
DAS Administrator
Garmin International, Inc.
DAS-240087-CE
B
ALL
Repaginated
11/21/2007
Robert G. Murray,
DAS Administrator
Garmin International, Inc.
DAS-240087-CE
C
17, 24
Added Non-essential equipment
list to DUAL GENERATOR
FAILURE procedure, added GDU
cooling fans to minimum
equipment list, editorial updates.
03/13/2008
Robert G. Murray
Lead ODA Administrator
Garmin International, Inc
ODA-240087-CE
D
All
Updated System Software
Version from 0636.01 to 0636.02
05/18/2010
Robert G. Murray
Lead ODA Administrator
Garmin International, Inc
ODA-240087-CE
E
All
Updated System Software
Version from 0636.02 to 0636.03
See Cover
See Cover
190-00682-02 Rev. E
DESCRIPTION
Hawker Beechcraft C90A, C90GT and C90GTi King Air
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Table of Contents
Section 1 – General ....................................................................................................... 7
Section 2 – Limitations ............................................................................................... 16
Section 3 - Emergency Procedures ........................................................................... 29
Section 3A - Abnormal Procedures ........................................................................... 39
Section 4 - Normal Procedures .................................................................................. 61
Section 5 – Performance ............................................................................................ 85
Section 6 - Weight and Balance ................................................................................. 85
Section 7 - Systems Description ................................................................................ 87
Section 8 – Handling, Service, and Maintenance ................................................... 124
190-00682-02 Rev. E
FAA APPROVED
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190-00682-02 Rev. E
FAA APPROVED
Section 1 - General
The information in this supplement is FAA-approved material and must be attached to the Pilot’s
Operating Handbook and FAA Approved Airplane Flight Manual (POH/AFM) when the airplane has been
modified by installation of the GARMIN G1000 Integrated Avionics System and GFC 700 Digital
Automatic Flight Guidance System in accordance with GARMIN International, Inc. approved data.
The information in this supplement supersedes or adds to the basic POH/AFM only as set forth below.
Users of the manual are advised to always refer to the supplement for possibly superseding information
and placarding applicable to operation of the airplane.
The GARMIN G1000 system installed in the Hawker Beechcraft C90A, C90GT and C90GTi King Air
Aircraft provides a fully integrated Display, Communications, Navigation and Flight Control system.
Functions provided by the G1000 system include: Primary Flight Information, Powerplant Monitoring,
Navigation, Communication, Traffic Surveillance, TAWS Class B, Weather Avoidance, and a three-axis
automatic flight control / flight director system with optional Electronic Stability & Protection.
USE OF THE HANDBOOK
The following definitions apply to WARNINGS, CAUTIONS and NOTES found throughout the handbook:
WARNING
Operating procedures, techniques, etc., which could result in personal injury or loss of life if
not carefully followed.
CAUTION
Operating procedures, techniques, etc., which could result in damage to equipment if not
carefully followed.
NOTE
Operating procedures, techniques, etc., which is considered essential to emphasize.
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FAA APPROVED
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Page 7 of 124
G1000 GNSS (GPS/SBAS) NAVIGATION SYSTEM EQUIPMENT APPROVALS
The Garmin G1000 Integrated Avionics GNSS navigation system installed in this aircraft is a GPS system
with a Satellite Based Augmentation System (SBAS) comprised of two TSO-C145a Class 3 approved
Garmin GIA 63Ws, TSO-C146a Class 3 approved Garmin GDU 104X Display Units, GARMIN GA36 and
GA37 antennas, and GPS software version 3.2 or later approved version. The G1000 GNSS navigation
system in this aircraft is installed in accordance with AC 20-138A.
The Garmin G1000 Integrated Avionics GNSS navigation system as installed in this aircraft complies with
the requirements of AC 20-138A and is approved for navigation using GPS and SBAS (within the
coverage of a Satellite Based Augmentation System complying with ICAO Annex 10) for IFR en route,
terminal area, and non-precision approach operations (including those approaches titled “GPS”, “or GPS”,
and “RNAV (GPS)” approaches). The G1000 Integrated Avionics GNSS navigation system installed in
this aircraft is approved for approach procedures with vertical guidance including “LPV” and
“LNAV/VNAV”, within the U.S. National Airspace System.
The Garmin G1000 Integrated Avionics GNSS navigation system as installed in this aircraft complies with
the equipment requirements of AC 90-105 and meets the equipment performance and functional
requirements to conduct RNP terminal departure and arrival procedures and RNP approach procedures
without RF (radius to fix) legs. Part 91 subpart K, 121, 125, 129, and 135 operators require a Letter of
Authorization for operational approval from the FAA
The Garmin G1000 Integrated Avionics GNSS navigation system as installed in this aircraft complies with
the equipment requirements of AC 90-100A for RNAV 2 and RNAV 1 operations. In accordance with AC
90-100A, Part 91 operators (except subpart K) following the aircraft and training guidance in AC 90-100A
are authorized to fly RNAV 2 and RNAV 1 procedures. Part 91 subpart K, 121, 125, 129, and 135
operators require a Letter of Authorization for operational approval from the FAA.
The Garmin G1000 Integrated Avionics GNSS navigation system as installed in this aircraft has been
found to comply with the requirements for primary means of Class II navigation in oceanic and remote
navigation (RNP-10) without time limitations in accordance with AC 20-138A and FAA Order 8400.12A.
The G1000 can be used without reliance on other long-range navigation systems. This does not
constitute an operational approval.
The Garmin G1000 Integrated Avionics GNSS navigation system as installed in this aircraft has been
found to comply with the navigation requirements for primary means of Class II navigation in oceanic and
remote navigation (RNP-4) in accordance with AC 20-138A and FAA Order 8400.33. The G1000 can be
used without reliance on other long-range navigation systems. Additional equipment may be required to
obtain operational approval to utilize RNP-4 performance. This does not constitute an operational
approval.
The Garmin G1000 Integrated Avionics GNSS navigation system as installed in this aircraft complies with
the accuracy, integrity, and continuity of function, and contains the minimum system functions required for
PRNAV operations in accordance with JAA Administrative & Guidance Material Section One: General
Part 3: Temporary Guidance Leaflets, Leaflet No 10 (JAA TGL-10 Rev 1). The GNSS navigation system
has two ETSO-145 / TSO-C145a Class 3 approved Garmin GIA 63Ws, and ETSO-146 / TSO-C146a
Class 3 approved Garmin GDU 104X Display Units. The G1000 Integrated Avionics GNSS navigation
system as installed in this aircraft complies with the equipment requirements for PRNAV and BRNAV
operations in accordance with AC 90-96A and JAA TGL-10 Rev 1. This does not constitute an
operational approval.
Hawker Beechcraft C90A, C90GT and C90GTi King Air
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190-00682-02 Rev. E
FAA APPROVED
Garmin International holds an FAA Type 2 Letter of Acceptance (LOA) in accordance with AC 20-153 for
database Integrity, quality, and database management practices for the Navigation database. Pilots and
operators can view the LOA status at www.Garmin.com > Aviation Databases > Type 2 LOA Status.
Navigation information is referenced to WGS-84 reference system.
ELECTRONIC FLIGHT BAG
The G1000 Integrated Avionics System as installed in this aircraft supports approval of AC 120-76B
Hardware Class 3, Software Type B Electronic Flight Bag (EFB) electronic aeronautical chart applications
when using current FliteChart or ChartView data. Additional operational approvals may be required.
For operations under 14 CFR Part 91, it is suggested that a secondary or back up source of aeronautical
information necessary for the flight be available to the pilot in the aircraft. The secondary or backup
information may be either traditional paper-based material or displayed electronically. If the source of
aeronautical information is in electronic format, operators must determine non-interference with the
G1000 system and existing aircraft systems for all flight phases.
190-00682-02 Rev. E
FAA APPROVED
Hawker Beechcraft C90A, C90GT and C90GTi King Air
Page 9 of 124
ABBREVIATIONS AND TERMINOLOGY
The following glossary is applicable within the airplane flight manual supplement
AC
Advisory Circular
ADC
Air Data Computer
ADF
Automatic Direction Finder
AFCS
Automatic Flight Control System
AFM
Airplane Flight Manual
AFMS
Airplane Flight Manual Supplement
AGL
Above Ground Level
Ah
Amp hour
AHRS
Attitude and Heading Reference System
ALT
Altitude, or AFCS altitude hold mode, or ALT button on the GMC 710 AFCS
Mode Controller
ALTS
AFCS altitude capture using the altitude in the altitude preselect window
ALTV
AFCS altitude capture using the altitude from the VNAV profile vertical
constraint
AMMD
Airport Moving Map Display
AP
Autopilot
APR
AFCS Approach mode, or APR button of GMC 710 AFCS mode controller
APTSIGNS
Airport Signs (SVS softkey on the PFD)
APV
Approach with Vertical Guidance
AS
Airspeed
ATC
Air Traffic Control
AUX
Auxiliary
BANK
Low-bank mode of the AFCS
BARO
Barometric Setting
BAT
Battery
BC
Back Course
BRNAV
Basic Area Navigation
BRT
Bright
C
Celsius
CDI
Course Deviation Indicator
CLR
Clear
COM
Communication radio
CRG
Cockpit Reference Guide
CRS
Course
CWS
Control Wheel Steering
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190-00682-02 Rev. E
FAA APPROVED
DA
Decision Altitude
DC
Direct Current
DH
Decision Height
DL LTNG
GFDS Data Link Lightning
DME
Distance Measuring Equipment
DN
Down
DR
Dead Reckoning
EC
Error Correction
EFB
Electronic Flight Bag
EIS
Engine Indication System
ELEC
Electrical
ENT
Enter
ESP
Electronic Stability and Protection
FAF
Final Approach Fix
FD
Flight Director
FLC
AFCS Flight Level Change mode, or FLC button on the GMC 710 AFCS
mode controller
FLTA
Forward Looking Terrain Awareness
FMS
Flight Management System
FPM
Flight Path Marker or Feet Per Minute
FSB
Fasten Seat Belts
ft
Feet
ft-lbs
Foot-Pounds
ft/min
Feet/Minute
GA
Go-around
GCU
Garmin Control Unit
GDC
Garmin Air Data Computer
GDL
Garmin Data Link Radio
GDU
Garmin Display Unit
GEA
Garmin Engine/Airframe Unit
GEN
Generator
GEO
Geographic
GFC
Garmin Flight Control
GFDS
Garmin Flight Data Services
GIA
Garmin Integrated Avionics Unit
GMA
Garmin Audio Panel System
GMC
Garmin Mode Control Unit
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FAA APPROVED
Hawker Beechcraft C90A, C90GT and C90GTi King Air
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GP
GPS Glide Path
GPS
Global Positioning System
GPWS
Ground Proximity Warning System
GRS
Garmin Reference System (AHRS)
GS
Glide Slope
GSA
Garmin Servo Actuator
GSR
Garmin Iridium Satellite Radio
HDG
AFCS heading mode or the HDG button on the GMC 710 AFCS Mode
Controller
HITS
Highway in the Sky
HPa
Hectopascal
HSI
Horizontal Situation Indicator
IAF
Initial Approach Fix
IAP
Instrument Approach Procedure
IAS
Indicated Airspeed
ICAO
International Civil Aviation Organization
IFR
Instrument Flight Rules
ILS
Instrument Landing System
IMC
Instrument Meteorological Conditions
in-Hg
inches of mercury
INH
Inhibit
ITT
Interstage Turbine Temperature
KIAS
Knots Indicated Air Speed
Kt(s)
Knot(s)
LCD
Liquid Crystal Display
LDA
Localizer Type Directional Aid
LNAV
Lateral Navigation
LNAV + V
Lateral Navigation with Advisory Vertical Guidance
LNAV/VNAV
Lateral Navigation / Vertical Navigation
LOA
Letter of Acceptance
LOC
Localizer
LOI
Loss of Integrity (GPS)
LPV
Localizer Performance with Vertical Guidance
LRN
Long Range Navigation
LRU
Line Replaceable Unit
LTNG
Lightning (XM Weather Product)
M
Mach
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190-00682-02 Rev. E
FAA APPROVED
MAP
Missed Approach Point
MAXSPD
Maximum Speed, AFCS Overspeed Protection mode
Mb
Millibars
MDA
barometric minimum descent altitude
MEL
Minimum Equipment List
MFD
Multi Function Display
MLS
Microwave Landing System
MMO
Maximum operation limit speed in mach
MNPS
Minimum Navigational Performance Specifications
MSL
Mean Sea Level
NAT
North Atlantic Track
NAV
Navigation, or AFCS navigation mode, or NAV button on the GMC710 AFCS
Mode Controller
NEXRAD
Next Generation Radar (XM Weather Product)
NM
Nautical Mile
NPA
Non-precision Approaches
OAT
Outside Air Temperature
OBS
Omni Bearing Selector
ODP
Obstacle Departure Procedure
OVR
Override
P/N
Part Number
PDA
Premature Descent Alert
PFD
Primary Flight Display
PFT
Pre-Flight Test
PIT
AFCS pitch mode
POH
Pilot’s Operating Handbook
PRNAV
Precision Area Navigation
PROC
Procedure button on the GDU or GCU 477
PSI
Pounds per Square Inch
PTCH
Pitch
PWR
Power
RA
Radar Altimeter, or Radar Altitude
RNAV
Area Navigation
RNP
Required Navigation Performance
ROL
AFCS roll mode
RPM
Revolutions per Minute
RVSM
Reduced Vertical Separation Minimums
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FAA APPROVED
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SBAS
Satellite Based Augmentation System
SDF
Simplified Directional Facility
SID
Standard Instrument Departure
SPD
Speed button on the GMC 710 AFCS Mode Controller. Toggles the FLC
speed between Mach and IAS references.
STAR
Standard Terminal Arrival Route
STBY
Standby
STC
Supplemental Type Certificate
STD
Standard
SUSP
Suspend
SVS
Synthetic Vision System
SW
Software
SYN TERR
Synthetic Terrain softkey
SYN VIS
Synthetic Vision softkey
TAWS
Terrain Awareness and Warning System
TCAS
Traffic Alert and Collision Avoidance System
TEMP
Temperature
TIS
Traffic Information System
TMR
Timer
TO
Take off
TOD
Top of Descent
TSO
Technical Standard Order
USP
Autopilot Underspeed Protection
VAPP
AFCS VOR Approach Mode
VCO
Voice Call Out
Vdc
Volts DC
VDP
Visual Descent Point
VFR
Visual Flight Rules
VHF
Very High Frequency
VMC
Visual Meteorological Conditions
VMI
Vibro-meter Inc.
VMO
Maximum operation limit speed in knots
VNAV
Vertical Navigation
VNV
Vertical Navigation button on the GMC 710 AFCS Mode Controller
VOR
VHF Omni-directional Range
VPTH
Vertical path
VS
Vertical Speed
Hawker Beechcraft C90A, C90GT and C90GTi King Air
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FAA APPROVED
WAAS
Wide Area Augmentation System
WFDE
WAAS Fault Detection/Exclusion
WGS-84
World Geodetic System – 1984
WSHLD
Windshield
XFR
Transfer button on the GMC 710 AFCS Mode Controller
XM
XM satellite system
XPDR
Transponder
YD
Yaw Damper
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FAA APPROVED
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190-00682-02 Rev. E
FAA APPROVED
Section 2 - Limitations
INTRODUCTION
The G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for Hawker Beechcraft C90A/GT (CRG) must be immediately
available to the flight crew. Use the G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for Hawker Beechcraft C90A/GT,
Garmin part number 190-00664-02, revision A or later approved revision when System Software Version
0636.03 is installed. The System Software Version number is displayed at the top right side of the MFD
Power-up page.
AIRSPEED LIMITATIONS AND INDICATOR MARKINGS
No change to the airplane’s airspeed limitations. The airspeed indicators on the Primary Flight Displays
(PFDs) and the standby airspeed indicator are marked in accordance with the airplane’s POH/AFM, or
applicable Airplane Flight Manual Supplement.
A low speed awareness band is marked on the PFDs in red from 20 – 78 KIAS. While the airplane is on
the ground, the low speed awareness band is suppressed. It displays in flight two seconds after main
gear liftoff.
The standby airspeed indicator is marked in accordance with the airspeed markings called out in the
airplane’s AFM/POH. The standby airspeed indicator is not marked with a low speed awareness band.
POWER PLANT LIMITATIONS AND INDICATOR MARKINGS
No change to the airplane’s powerplant operating limitations. The engine gauges are marked in
accordance with the airplane’s POH/AFM or, if an engine modification has been installed, in accordance
with the AFMS for the engine modification.
NOTE
The gauge indicator pointer and digital display will flash inverse red/white video for 5
seconds and then remain steady red if the indicated engine parameter exceeds its
established limit.
G1000 INTEGRATED AVIONICS SYSTEM
The Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide P/N 190-00664-02, Rev A, or later FAA approved revision,
must be immediately available to the flight crew.
Required flight crewmembers must wear and use headsets when the overhead cockpit speaker audio is
selected OFF.
Do not take off unless all display units are installed and operational.
Do not take off with any display in reversionary mode.
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FAA APPROVED
Hawker Beechcraft C90A, C90GT and C90GTi King Air
Page 17 of 124
Do not take off with any of the following messages displayed in the ALERTS window:
GPS1 FAIL and GPS2 FAIL simultaneously
GPS NAV LOST
GIA1 SERVICE
GIA2 SERVICE
MFD SERVICE
PFD1 SERVICE
PFD2 SERVICE
GMA1 SERVICE
GMA2 SERVICE
GEO LIMITS
Do not takeoff if PFD1 FAN FAIL, PFD2 FAN FAIL, MFD FAN FAIL, GIA1 FAN FAIL or GIA2 FAN FAIL is
displayed in the ALERTS window AND the Outside Air Temperature is greater than 20°C (68°F).
Ground operation of the G1000 system is limited to 18 minutes when the Outside Air Temperature is
greater than 47°C (116°F) AND air conditioning is inoperative.
The G1000 system must be turned on and operated for at least 30 minutes before takeoff if ground
outside air temperature is -40°C (-40°F) or below.
Use of VNAV is prohibited during the intermediate segment of an approach that includes a teardrop
course reversal. VNAV will become ‘Unavailable’ at the beginning of the teardrop segment of the course
reversal.
Use of VNAV is prohibited with course changes greater than 90°.
The fuel quantity, fuel required, fuel remaining, and gross weight estimate functions of the G1000 are
supplemental information only and must be verified by the flight crew.
Do not use SafeTaxi or Chartview functions as the basis for ground maneuvering. SafeTaxi and
Chartview functions do not comply with the requirements of AC 20-159 and are not qualified to be used
as an airport moving map display (AMMD). SafeTaxi and Chartview are to be used by the flight crew to
orient themselves on the airport surface to improve pilot situational awareness during ground operations.
The use of the colors red and amber within the checklist function has not been evaluated or approved by
this STC. Use of the colors red and/or amber within user created checklists may require separate
evaluation and approval by the FAA.
Hawker Beechcraft C90A, C90GT and C90GTi King Air
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190-00682-02 Rev. E
FAA APPROVED
G1000 GNSS (GPS/SBAS) NAVIGATION SYSTEM LIMITATIONS
NOTE
Limitations are in bolded text for this section only
The pilot must confirm at system initialization that the Navigation database is current.
Navigation database is expected to be current for the duration of the flight. If the AIRAC cycle will
change during flight, the pilot must ensure the accuracy of navigation data, including suitability of
navigation facilities used to define the routes and procedures for flight. If an amended chart
affecting navigation data is published for the procedure, the database must not be used to
conduct the procedure.
GPS/SBAS based IFR enroute, oceanic, and terminal navigation is prohibited unless the pilot
verifies and uses a valid, compatible, and current Navigation database or verifies each waypoint
for accuracy by reference to current approved data.
Discrepancies that invalidate a procedure should be reported to Garmin International. The affected
procedure is prohibited from being flown using data from the Navigation database until a new
Navigation database is installed in the aircraft and verified that the discrepancy has been
corrected.
Contact information to report Navigation database discrepancies can be found at
www.Garmin.com>Support>Contact Garmin Support>Aviation. Pilots and operators can view navigation
data base alerts at www.Garmin.com > In the Air> NavData Alerts.
For flight planning purposes, in areas where SBAS coverage is not available, the pilot must check
RAIM availability. Within the United States, RAIM availability can be determined using the G1000
WFDE Prediction program, part number 006-A0154-01 (010-G1000-00) or later approved version with
Comant CI 428-410 and CI 428-200 antennas selected, or the FAA’s en route and terminal RAIM
prediction website: www.raimprediction.net, or by contacting a Flight Service Station. Within Europe,
RAIM availability can be determined using the G1000 WFDE Prediction program or Europe’s AUGER
GPS RAIM Prediction Tool at http://augur.ecacnav.com/augur/app/home. For other areas, use the
G1000 WFDE Prediction program. This requirement is not necessary if SBAS coverage is confirmed to
be available along the entire route of flight. The route planning and WFDE prediction program may be
downloaded from the GARMIN G1000 website on the internet. For information on using the WFDE
Prediction Program, refer to GARMIN WAAS FDE Prediction Program, part number 190-00643-01,
‘WFDE Prediction Program Instructions’.
For flight planning purposes, operations within the U.S. National Airspace System on RNP and
RNAV procedures when SBAS signals are not available, the availability of GPS integrity RAIM
shall be confirmed for the intended route of flight. In the event of a predicted continuous loss of
RAIM of more than five minutes for any part of the intended route of flight, the flight should be delayed,
canceled, or re-routed on a track where RAIM requirements can be met.
For flight planning purposes for operations within European B-RNAV and P-RNAV airspace, if
more than one satellite is scheduled to be out of service, then the availability of GPS integrity
RAIM shall be confirmed for the intended flight (route and time). In the event of a predicted
continuous loss of RAIM of more than five minutes for any part of the intended flight, the flight should be
delayed, canceled, or re-routed on a track where RAIM requirements can be met.
For flight planning purposes, operations where the route requires Class II navigation the aircraft’s
operator or flight crew must use the Garmin WFDE Prediction program to demonstrate that there
are no outages on the specified route that would prevent the G1000 from providing primary means
of Class II navigation in oceanic and remote areas of operation that requires (RNP-10 or RNP-4)
capability.
If the Garmin WFDE Prediction program indicates fault exclusion (FDE) is unavailable for
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FAA APPROVED
Hawker Beechcraft C90A, C90GT and C90GTi King Air
Page 19 of 124
more than 34 minutes in accordance with FAA Order 8400.12B for RNP-10 requirements, or 25 minutes
in accordance with FAA Order 8400.33 for RNP-4 requirements, then the operation must be rescheduled
when FDE is available.
Both GIA 63Ws GPS navigation receivers must be operating and providing GPS navigation
guidance to their respective PFD for operations requiring RNP-4 performance.
North Atlantic (NAT) Minimum Navigational Performance Specifications (MNPS) Airspace operations per
AC 91-49 and AC 120-33 require both GPS/SBAS receivers to be operating and receiving usable signals
except for routes requiring only one Long Range Navigation sensor. Each display computes an
independent navigation solution based on the on-side GPS sensor. However, either display will
automatically revert to the cross-side sensor if the on-side sensor fails or if the cross-side sensor is
determined to be more accurate. A “BOTH ON GPS1” or “BOTH ON GPS2” message does not
necessarily mean that one GPS has failed. Refer to the MFD AUX-GPS STATUS page to determine the
state of the unused GPS.
Whenever possible, RNP and RNAV routes including Standard Instrument Departures (SIDs) and
Obstacle Departure Procedures (ODPs), Standard Terminal Arrival (STAR), and enroute RNAV “Q” and
RNAV “T” routes should be loaded into the flight plan from the database in their entirety, rather than
loading route waypoints from the database into the flight plan individually. Selecting and inserting
individual named fixes from the database is permitted, provided all fixes along the published route to be
flown are inserted. Manual entry of waypoints using latitude/longitude or place/bearing is
prohibited.
“GPS”, “or GPS”, and “RNAV (GPS)” instrument approaches using the G1000 System are
prohibited unless the pilot verifies and uses the current Navigation database.
GPS based
instrument approaches must be flown in accordance with an approved instrument approach
procedure that is loaded from the Navigation database.
Not all published Instrument Approach Procedures (IAP) are in the Navigation database. Pilots
planning on flying an RNAV instrument approach must ensure that the Navigation database
contains the planned RNAV Instrument Approach Procedure and that approach procedure must
be loaded from the Navigation database into the FMS flight plan by its name.
IFR non-precision approach approval using the GPS/SBAS sensor is limited to published
approaches within the U.S. National Airspace System. Approaches to airports in other airspace
are not approved unless authorized by the appropriate governing authority.
When operating under instrument flight rules, flight plan selection of any required alternate airport must
not be based on an RNAV (GPS) LP/LPV or LNAV/VNAV approach. Alternate airport selection must be
based upon an LNAV approach or an available ground-based approach for which the aircraft is equipped
to fly.
The navigation equipment required to join and fly an instrument approach procedure is indicated by the
title of the procedure and notes on the IAP chart. Use of the GARMIN G1000 GPS/SBAS receivers to
provide navigation guidance during the final approach segment of an ILS, LOC, LOC-BC, LDA,
SDF, MLS or any other type of approach not approved for “or GPS” navigation is prohibited.
When using the G1000 VOR/LOC/GS receivers to fly the final approach segment, VOR/LOC/GS
navigation data is must be selected and presented on the CDI of the pilot flying.
Navigation information is referenced to WGS-84 reference system, and should only be used where the
Aeronautical Information Publication (including electronic data and aeronautical charts) conform to
WGS-84 or equivalent.
Hawker Beechcraft C90A, C90GT and C90GTi King Air
Page 20 of 124
190-00682-02 Rev. E
FAA APPROVED
AHRS AREAS OF OPERATION
Flight operations with the G1000 Integrated Avionics installed are prohibited in the following regions due
to unsuitability of the magnetic fields near the Earth’s poles:
1. North of 72° North latitude at all longitudes
2. South of 70° South latitude at all longitudes
3. North of 65° North latitude between longitude 75° W and 120° W (Northern Canada)
4. North of 70° North latitude between longitude 70° W and 128° W (Northern Canada)
5. North of 70° North latitude between longitude 85° E and 114° E (Northern Russia)
6. South of 55° South latitude between longitude 120° E and 165° E (Region south of Australia and
New Zealand)
NOTE
The Garmin G1000 system is not designed for use as a polar navigator and operation
outside the approved operating area is prohibited. The GRS-77 AHRS internally monitors
the magnetic field and will display a GEO LIMITS system message when the magnetic
field becomes unsuitable for AHRS operation. When the AHRS can no longer reliably
compute heading, heading information will be removed from the HSI.
AUTOPILOT OPERATION LIMITS
One pilot must remain seated at the controls, with seatbelt fastened, during all autopilot operations.
Do not use autopilot or yaw damper during takeoff and landing.
The GFC 700 AFCS preflight test must be successfully completed prior to use of the autopilot, flight
director or manual electric trim. Use of the autopilot or manual electric trim system is prohibited if the
preflight test is not satisfactorily completed.
NON-ESP EQUIPPED AIRPLANES ONLY - When conducting missed approach procedures, autopilot
coupled operation is prohibited until the pilot has established a rate-of-climb that ensures all altitude
requirements of the procedure will be met.
Minimum speed for autopilot operation is 100 KIAS.
Maximum speed limit for autopilot operation is unchanged from the airplane’s maximum airspeed limit
(VMO/MMO).
Do not use autopilot below the following altitudes:
(1) On takeoff, do not engage the autopilot below ............................ 400 feet Above Ground Level
(2) Enroute .................................................................................................................... 800 feet AGL
(3) Approach (GP or GS Mode) .................................................................................... 200 feet AGL
(4) Approach (FLC, VS, PIT or ALT Mode) ..................... Higher of 400 feet AGL or Approach MDA
190-00682-02 Rev. E
FAA APPROVED
Hawker Beechcraft C90A, C90GT and C90GTi King Air
Page 21 of 124
SYNTHETIC VISION AND PATHWAYS LIMITS
Use of the Synthetic Vision system display elements alone for aircraft control without reference to the
G1000 primary flight instruments or the aircraft standby instruments is prohibited.
Use of the Synthetic Vision system alone for navigation, or obstacle or terrain avoidance is prohibited.
Use of the SVS traffic display alone to avoid other aircraft is prohibited.
TAWS AND TERRAIN SYSTEM LIMITS
Pilots are authorized to deviate from their current ATC clearance to the extent necessary to comply with
TAWS warnings.
For airplanes with system software 0636.02 or earlier installed, the TAWS databases have an area of
coverage as detailed below:
a) The terrain database has an area of coverage from North 75° Latitude to South 60° Latitude in all
longitudes.
b) The airport terrain database has an area of coverage that includes airports from North 75°
Latitude to South 60° Latitude in all longitudes.
c) The obstacle database has an area of coverage that includes the United States and Europe.
For airplanes with system software 0636.03 or later installed, the TAWS databases have an area of
coverage as detailed below:
a) The terrain database has an area of coverage from North 90° Latitude to South 90° Latitude in all
longitudes.
b) The obstacle database has an area of coverage that includes the United States and Europe.
Use of the TAWS for navigation or terrain and/or obstacle avoidance is prohibited.
NOTE
The area of coverage may be modified, as additional terrain data sources become
available.
NOTE
The MAP - TAWS page and terrain display is intended to serve as a situational awareness
tool only. It may not provide either the accuracy or fidelity, or both, on which to solely base
decisions and plan maneuvers to avoid terrain or obstacles.
To avoid unwanted alerts, TAWS should be inhibited when landing at an airport that is not included in the
airport database.
TRAFFIC AVOIDANCE SYSTEM LIMITS
Use of the MAP - TRAFFIC MAP to maneuver the airplane to avoid traffic without outside visual reference
is prohibited. The Traffic Information System (TIS) or optional TAS or TCAS 1 systems are intended as an
aid for the pilot to visually locate traffic. It is the responsibility of the pilot to see and manually maneuver
the airplane to avoid other traffic.
Hawker Beechcraft C90A, C90GT and C90GTi King Air
Page 22 of 124
190-00682-02 Rev. E
FAA APPROVED
DATA LINK WEATHER (XM WEATHER)
Datalink weather information displayed by the G1000 system is limited to supplemental use only. XM
weather data is not a source of official weather information. Use of the NEXRAD and XM LTNG data on
the MAP – NAVIGATION MAP and/or MAP - WEATHER DATA LINK page for hazardous weather, e.g.,
thunderstorm penetration is prohibited. NEXRAD, and LTNG information on the MAP - NAVIGATION or
MAP – WEATHER DATA LINK page is intended only as an aid to enhance situational awareness of
hazardous weather, not penetration. It is the pilot’s responsibility to avoid hazardous weather using
official weather data sources and the airplane’s in-flight weather radar.
Display of XM NEXRAD data is prohibited if XM ICING or XM TURBULENCE are displayed on the MFD
MAP- XM WEATHER DATA LINK page. XM ICING and XM TURBULENCE data must be turned off in
order to display XM NEXRAD data. For airplanes that have system software 0636.03 or later installed, it
is not possible to simultaneously display XM ICING, TURBULENCE and NEXRAD data.
OPTIONAL L3 COMMUNICATIONS AVIONICS SYSTEM WX-500 STORMSCOPE
Stormscope lightning information displayed by the G1000 system is limited to supplemental use only.
The use of the Stormscope lightning data on the MAP – NAVIGATION MAP and/or MAP –
STORMSCOPE page for hazardous weather (thunderstorm) penetration is prohibited. Stormscope
lightning data on the MAP - NAVIGATION or MAP – STORMSCOPE page is intended only as an aid to
enhance situational awareness of hazardous weather, not penetration. It is the pilot’s responsibility to
avoid hazardous weather using official weather data sources and the airplane’s weather radar.
PLACARDS
On some aircraft, placards “On Instrument Panel Adjacent to Each Gyroscopic Instrument (Except for
Flight Director)” were installed to identify the power source for the instrument (ref. AFM limitations
section). With the installation of the G1000, these placards are removed and not required.
On Instrument Panel above the Standby Attitude Indicator:
STANDBY ALT/AS
ALTITUDE – FEET
S.L TO 16,000
16,000 TO 20,000
20,000 TO 25,000
25,000 TO 30,000
190-00682-02 Rev. E
FAA APPROVED
VMO-KIAS
226
209
189
169
Hawker Beechcraft C90A, C90GT and C90GTi King Air
Page 23 of 124
KINDS OF OPERATION LIMITS
The Hawker Beechcraft models C90A and C90GT are approved for the following types of operations
when the required equipment, as shown in the airplane AFM/POH Kinds of Operations Equipment List,
supplemented by the Kinds of Operations Equipment List from other applicable Airplane Flight Manual
Supplements, and the Kinds of Operations Equipment List contained in this Airplane Flight Manual
Supplement, is installed and operable.
1.
VFR Day
2.
VFR Night
3.
IFR Day
4.
IFR Night
5.
Icing Conditions
KINDS OF OPERATIONS EQUIPMENT LIST
This airplane may be operated in day or night VFR, day or night IFR, and icing conditions when the
required systems and equipment are installed and operable.
The following equipment list identifies the systems and equipment upon which type certification for each
kind of operation was predicated. The system and equipment listed must be installed and operable for
the particular kind of operation indicated unless:
The airplane is approved to be operated in accordance with a current Minimum Equipment List (MEL)
issued by the FAA.
Or:
An alternate procedure is provided in the Pilots Operating Handbook and FAA Approved Flight Manual for
the inoperative state of the listed system or equipment and all limitations are complied with.
Hawker Beechcraft C90A, C90GT and C90GTi King Air
Page 24 of 124
190-00682-02 Rev. E
FAA APPROVED
Numbers in the Kinds of Operations Equipment List refer to quantities required to be operative for the
specified condition. The list does not include all equipment that may be required by specific operating
rules. It also does not include components obviously required for the airplane to be airworthy such as
wings, empennage, engines, etc.
VFR
Day
VFR
Night
IFR
Day
IFR
Night
Icing
Conditions
System and/or Equipment
Remarks and/or Exceptions
ELECTRICAL POWER
Inverter
0
0
0
0
0
Removed by G1000 modification
INVERTER Annunciator
0
0
0
0
0
Removed by G1000 modification
Standby Battery
0
1
1
1
1
ENGINE INDICATIONS
No Changes - Refer to Aircraft Flight
Manual
ENGINE OIL
No Changes - Refer to Aircraft Flight
Manual
ENVIRONMENTAL
Air Conditioning System
O
0
0
0
0
0
Magnetic Compass
1
1
1
1
1
Outside Air Temperature
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
Temperature limits reduced to 47 C
O
(116 F) with inoperative air
conditioner or air conditioner not
used.
FLIGHT CONTROLS
No Changes - Refer to Aircraft Flight
Manual
FUEL
No Changes - Refer to Aircraft Flight
Manual
ICE AND RAIN PROTECTION
No Changes - Refer to Aircraft Flight
Manual
LANDING GEAR
No Changes - Refer to Aircraft Flight
Manual
LIGHTS
No Changes - Refer to Aircraft Flight
Manual
NAVIGATION INSTRUMENTS
G1000 Integrated Avionics
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference
Guide
Autopilot
Electronic Stability & Protection
(ESP)
Yaw Damper
190-00682-02 Rev. E
FAA APPROVED
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Hawker Beechcraft C90A, C90GT and C90GTi King Air
Page 25 of 124
VFR
Day
VFR
Night
IFR
Day
IFR
Night
Icing
Conditions
System and/or Equipment
Remarks and/or Exceptions
Control Wheel Autopilot
Disconnect/Trim Interrupt Switches
1
1
1
1
1
Left side is required. Both side
required for two-crew operation.
VHF Communications System
0
0
1
1
1
Or as required by operating
regulation.
Audio Control Panel
1
1
1
1
1
Pilot's audio panel required for single
pilot operation. Both sides required
for two-crew operation.
Primary Flight Display
2
2
2
2
2
Multi Function Display
1
1
1
1
1
Air Data Computer
2
2
2
2
2
Attitude/Heading Reference System
(AHRS)
2
2
2
2
2
Standby Attitude Indicator
0
0
1
1
1
Standby Altimeter
1
1
1
1
1
Standby Airspeed Indicator
1
1
1
1
1
ATC Transponder
0
0
1
1
1
Or as required by operating
regulation.
VHF Navigation Receiver
0
0
0
0
0
Or as required by operating
regulation.
Automatic Direction Finder (ADF)
0
0
0
0
0
Or as required by operating
regulation.
Distance Measuring Equipment
(DME)
0
0
0
0
0
Or as required by operating
regulation.
Marker Beacon Receiver
0
0
0
0
0
Or as required by operating
regulation.
Terrain Awareness and Warning
System (TAWS)
0
0
0
0
0
Or as required by operating
regulation.
Weather Radar
0
0
0
0
0
Or as required by operating
regulation.
XM Datalink Weather
0
0
0
0
0
GDU Cooling Fans (3 total)
2
2
2
2
2
GIA Cooling Fans (2 total)
0
0
0
0
0
Hawker Beechcraft C90A, C90GT and C90GTi King Air
Page 26 of 124
All fans are required if OAT is above
40°C (104°F).
Both fans are required if OAT is above
40°C (104°F).
190-00682-02 Rev. E
FAA APPROVED
VFR
Day
VFR
Night
IFR
Day
IFR
Night
Icing
Conditions
System and/or Equipment
Remarks and/or Exceptions
RNAV Operations, Equipment and
Components
1
1
2
2
2
GDU 104X Display
2
2
2
2
2
GDU 1500 Display
1
1
1
1
1
Comant CI 428-410 antenna
1
1
1
1
1
Comant CI 428-200 antenna
1
1
1
1
1
Gyro Suction Gage
0
0
0
0
1
Instrument Air System
0
0
0
0
1
GPS/SBAS receiver with GPS
Software 3.2 or later approved
version **Note 1, 2
Equipment and components required for
RNAV 2, RNAV 1, B-RNAV, P-RNAV, Class II
navigation, RNP and RNAV routes including
Standard Instrument Departures (SIDs) and
Obstacle Departure Procedures (ODPs),
Standard Terminal Arrival (STAR), and
enroute RNAV “Q” and RNAV “T” routes,
and “GPS”, “or GPS”, and “RNAV (GPS)”
instrument approach operations.
NOTE 1: Some operations require two
functioning GPS/SBAS receivers.
NOTE 2: If only one is required, and only
one is operative, it must be #1.
OXYGEN
No Changes - Refer to Aircraft Flight
Manual
PROPELLER
No Changes - Refer to Aircraft Flight
Manual
VACUUM SYSTEM
190-00682-02 Rev. E
FAA APPROVED
Hawker Beechcraft C90A, C90GT and C90GTi King Air
Page 27 of 124
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Hawker Beechcraft C90A, C90GT and C90GTi King Air
Page 28 of 124
190-00682-02 Rev. E
FAA APPROVED
Section 3 - Emergency Procedures
Table of Contents
AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM ................................................................ 30
AUTOPILOT MALFUNCTION / PITCH TRIM RUNAWAY..................................................................... 30
MANUAL AUTOPILOT DISCONNECT .................................................................................................. 31
AUTOPILOT ABNORMAL DISCONNECT ............................................................................................. 31
AUTOPILOT FAILURE ........................................................................................................................... 31
PITCH AXIS FAILURE ............................................................................................................................ 31
ROLL AXIS FAILURE ............................................................................................................................. 32
YAW AXIS FAILURE .............................................................................................................................. 32
PITCH TRIM FAILURE ........................................................................................................................... 32
AUTOPILOT PRE-FLIGHT TEST FAIL .................................................................................................. 33
AUTOPILOT OVERSPEED RECOVERY ............................................................................................... 33
AUTOPILOT UNDERSPEED PROTECTION ACTIVATION AND RECOVERY (ESP-Equipped
Aircraft Only) .......................................................................................................................................... 33
ENGINE FAILURE (AUTOPILOT ENGAGED) ...................................................................................... 34
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM ................................................................................................ 34
DUAL GENERATOR FAILURE [L GEN OFF] [R GEN OFF] ................................................................ 34
TAWS............................................................................................................................ 36
TAWS WARNING ................................................................................................................................... 36
TAWS FAIL ............................................................................................................................................. 36
WINDSHEAR ENCOUNTER ........................................................................................ 37
ESP ENGAGEMENT .................................................................................................... 37
190-00682-02 Rev. E
FAA APPROVED
Hawker Beechcraft C90A, C90GT and C90GTi King Air
Page 29 of 124
Bolded checklist steps in the EMERGENCY PROCEDURES section indicate pilot
memory action items. The pilot shall perform these items without reference to the
checklist in this section.
AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
AUTOPILOT MALFUNCTION / PITCH TRIM RUNAWAY
These procedures supersede the airplane’s UNSCHEDULED ELECTRIC ELEVATOR TRIM AFM
checklist items.
If the airplane deviates unexpectedly from the planned flight path:
1. Control Wheel ............................................................................................................ GRIP FIRMLY
2. AP/YD DISC / TRIM INTRPT Button ................................................................ PRESS AND HOLD
(Be prepared for possible high elevator control forces)
3. Aircraft Attitude............................................................. MAINTAIN/REGAIN AIRCRAFT CONTROL
use standby attitude indicator if necessary
NOTE
Do not release the AP/YD DISC / TRIM INTRPT Button until after pulling the AFCS SERVOS
Circuit Breaker.
4. Elevator Trim ......................................................... RETRIM if necessary using Elevator Tab Wheel
5. AFCS SERVOS Circuit Breaker ................................................................................................ PULL
(Right circuit breaker panel)
6. AP/YD DISC / TRIM INTRPT Button ................................................................................ RELEASE
WARNING
IN FLIGHT, DO NOT OVERPOWER THE AUTOPILOT. THE TRIM WILL OPERATE IN THE
DIRECTION OPPOSING THE OVERPOWER FORCE, WHICH WILL RESULT IN LARGE
OUT-OF-TRIM FORCES.
DO NOT ATTEMPT TO RE-ENGAGE THE AUTOPILOT OR USE MANUAL ELECTRIC PITCH
TRIM UNTIL THE CAUSE OF THE MALFUNCTION HAS BEEN CORRECTED.
NOTE
The maximum altitude lost during malfunction tests was:
Climb – 0 Feet
Cruise – 50 Feet
Descent – 320 Feet
Maneuvering – 0 Feet
Approach – 54 Feet
One-engine inoperative approach – 45 Feet
Hawker Beechcraft C90A, C90GT and C90GTi King Air
Page 30 of 124
190-00682-02 Rev. E
FAA APPROVED
MANUAL AUTOPILOT DISCONNECT
If necessary, the autopilot can be manually disconnected using any one of the following methods.
1. AP/YD DISC / TRIM INTRPT Button ............................................................ PRESS and RELEASE
(Pilot’s or Copilot’s control wheel)
2. AP Button (Autopilot mode control panel) .............................................................................. PRESS
(Yaw damper remains engaged)
3. Pitch Trim Switch (Pilot’s or, if installed, Copilot’s control wheel) .................................... ACTIVATE
(Yaw damper remains engaged)
4. Go-Around (GA) switch .......................................................................................................... PRESS
(Left power lever) (Yaw damper remains engaged)
5. AFCS SERVOS Circuit Breaker ................................................................................................ PULL
(Right circuit breaker panel)
AUTOPILOT ABNORMAL DISCONNECT
(Red ‘AP’ flashing on PFD, Continuous high-low aural tone)
1. A/P DISC/TRIM INTRPT Button ..................................................................PRESS AND RELEASE
(to cancel disconnect tone)
2. Aircraft Attitude............................................................. MAINTAIN/REGAIN AIRCRAFT CONTROL
NOTE
The autopilot disconnect may be accompanied by a red boxed PTCH (pitch), ROLL, or AFCS
on the PFD, indicating the axis which has failed, or that the automatic flight control system
has failed. The autopilot cannot be re-engaged with any of these annunciations present.
AUTOPILOT FAILURE
(Red
annunciator on PFD, Red ‘AP’ flashing on PFD, Continuous high-low aural tone)
1. AP/YD DISC / TRIM INTRPT Button ..................................................................................... PRESS
(to cancel disconnect tone)
If red ‘AFCS’ is displayed, the autopilot, yaw damper, and manual electric pitch trim will be
inoperative.
PITCH AXIS FAILURE
(Red
•
annunciator on PFD)
Indicates a failure of the pitch axis of the autopilot. The autopilot will be inoperative.
NOTE
If the red
annunciator illuminates without the autopilot engaged, it may indicate a
faulted AHRS. Monitor both PFDs and the standby attitude indicator for abnormal attitude
indications
190-00682-02 Rev. E
FAA APPROVED
Hawker Beechcraft C90A, C90GT and C90GTi King Air
Page 31 of 124
ROLL AXIS FAILURE
(Red
•
annunciator on PFD)
Indicates a failure of the roll axis of the autopilot. The autopilot will be inoperative.
NOTE
If the red
annunciator illuminates without the autopilot engaged, it may indicate a
faulted AHRS. Monitor both PFDs and the standby attitude indicator for abnormal attitude
indications.
YAW AXIS FAILURE
(Red
•
annunciator on PFD)
Indicates a failure of the yaw axis of the autopilot. The pitch and roll axes of the autopilot will
remain operative. DO NOT pull and reset the AFCS SERVOS circuit breaker. Resetting the
AFCS SERVOS circuit breaker could cause the entire autopilot to become inoperative when no
fault exists in the pitch and roll axes.
NOTE
If the red
annunciator illuminates without the autopilot engaged, it may indicate a
faulted AHRS. Monitor both PFDs and the standby attitude indicator for abnormal attitude
indications.
PITCH TRIM FAILURE
(Red
annunciator on PFD)
1. CONTROL WHEEL ..................................................................................................... GRIP FIRMLY
2. AP/YD DISC / TRIM INTRPT Button ............................................................ PRESS and RELEASE
(Be prepared for possible high elevator control forces)
3. Elevator Trim ...................................................... AS REQUIRED USING ELEVATOR TAB WHEEL
If Red
•
If Red
Message Clears
Autopilot ....................................................................................................................... RE-ENGAGE
Message Remains
4. Autopilot ........................................................................................................ DO NOT RE-ENGAGE
5. Elevator Trim .......................................................... CONTINUE TO USE ELEVATOR TAB WHEEL
Hawker Beechcraft C90A, C90GT and C90GTi King Air
Page 32 of 124
190-00682-02 Rev. E
FAA APPROVED
AUTOPILOT PRE-FLIGHT TEST FAIL
(Red
•
annunciator on PFD)
Indicates the AFCS system failed the automatic Pre-Flight test. The autopilot, ESP (if installed),
and electric elevator trim are inoperative. Flight Director may still function.
AUTOPILOT OVERSPEED RECOVERY
(Yellow
on PFD)
1. Power.................................................................................................................................. REDUCE
When overspeed condition is corrected:
2. Autopilot ..................................................................... RESELECT VERTICAL MODE (if necessary)
NOTE
Overspeed recovery mode provides a pitch up command to decelerate the airplane at or
below the maximum autopilot operating speed (226 KIAS / 0.46 M). Overspeed recovery is
not active in altitude hold (ALT), glideslope (GS), or glidepath (GP) modes.
AUTOPILOT UNDERSPEED PROTECTION ACTIVATION AND RECOVERY
(ESP-Equipped Aircraft Only)
(Red
Warning Annunciator on the PFDs on ESP-equipped aircraft. May also be
accompanied by an amber
annunciator above the airspeed tape display and aural
“AIRSPEED” alert)
1. Power Levers ..................... INCREASE POWER AS REQUIRED TO CORRECT UNDERSPEED
2. Aircraft Attitude and Altitude ......................................................................................... MONITOR
After underspeed condition is corrected:
3. Autopilot .........................................RESELECT VERTICAL AND LATERAL MODES (if necessary)
4. Power Levers .......................................................................................... ADJUST AS NECESSARY
NOTE
Autopilot Underspeed Protection Mode provides a pitch down command to maintain 90 +/-2
KIAS, or 2 KIAS above stall warning airspeed, depending on the vertical mode selected.
Underspeed Protection is not available below 200 feet AGL, except in go-around (GA) mode.
190-00682-02 Rev. E
FAA APPROVED
Hawker Beechcraft C90A, C90GT and C90GTi King Air
Page 33 of 124
ENGINE FAILURE (AUTOPILOT ENGAGED)
1. AP/YD DISC / TRIM INTRPT Button .......................................................... PRESS and RELEASE
2. Engine Failure Procedure in
EMERGENCY PROCEDURES Section of AFM ........................................................ COMPLETE
3. Trim Tabs .............................. MANUALLY ADJUST ELEVATOR, AILERON, AND RUDDER TABS
4. Autopilot ............................................................. PRESS ‘AP’ BUTTON (if desired) to RE-ENGAGE
5. Rudder Tab ............................................................... MANUALLY ADJUST AS REQUIRED AFTER
POWER AND CONFIGURATION CHANGES
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
DUAL GENERATOR FAILURE [L GEN OFF] [R GEN OFF]
This procedure supersedes the AFM procedure in its entirety.
1. Gen1 and Gen2 Generator Switches .......................................................................................... OFF
2. Gen1 Switch ................................................................................................ GEN RESET, THEN ON
3. Operating Generator ....................................................................... DO NOT EXCEED 100% LOAD
If Left Generator Will Not Reset:
4. Gen1 Switch ................................................................................................................................ OFF
5. Gen2 Switch ................................................................................................ GEN RESET, THEN ON
6. Operating Generator ....................................................................... DO NOT EXCEED 100% LOAD
If Neither Generator Will Reset:
7. Avoid IFR conditions if possible and LAND AT THE NEAREST SUITABLE AIRPORT.
8. Standby Battery Switch ............................................................................... INDICATES ARM or ON
9. Non-essential equipment:
a. Left and Right BOOST PUMP……………………………………………………………….OFF
b. Left and Right TRANS. PUMP OVERRIDE………………………………………………..OFF
c.
ENG AUTO IGNITION………………………………………………………………………..OFF
d. PROP ICE PROTECTION…………………………………………………………………...OFF
e. All Exterior Lights……………………………………………………………………………..OFF
f.
Cabin Lights……………………………………………………………………………………OFF
Hawker Beechcraft C90A, C90GT and C90GTi King Air
Page 34 of 124
190-00682-02 Rev. E
FAA APPROVED
g. VENT BLOWER…………………………………………………………………………….AUTO
h. CABIN TEMP MODE selector……………………………………………………………….OFF
i.
INSTRUMENT EMERG LIGHTS……………………………………………….ON (if required)
j.
INSTRUMENT INDIRECT lights……………………………………………….ON (if required)
10. The following equipment will be functional while the G1000 is powered from the aircraft’s battery
power, Avionics Master Power Switch is ON, and the [L GEN TIE OPEN] and [R GEN TIE OPEN]
annunciators are illuminated.
Pilot’s Attitude, Heading, Air Data, and Nav CDI
Copilot’s Attitude, Heading, Air Data, and Nav CDI
Engine Gauges
Com1, Pilot’s Audio Panel
GPS 1, GPS 2, VHF Nav1, VHF Nav2 (Nav2 Audio Inop)
MFD, Flight Director, Transponder 1
NOTE
Inoperative G1000 equipment items will be displayed in the ALERTS window on both PFDs.
The aircraft’s battery will continue to power the G1000 equipment for 30 minutes following
complete loss of normal electrical power generation. Once the aircraft’s battery can no longer
power the G1000, the standby battery will automatically power the standby attitude indicator,
altimeter vibrator, and the internal lighting of the three standby instruments for an additional 30
minutes.
11. Consider a Flaps UP Landing and Landing Gear Manual Extension to conserve battery power for
an instrument approach if needed.
190-00682-02 Rev. E
FAA APPROVED
Hawker Beechcraft C90A, C90GT and C90GTi King Air
Page 35 of 124
TAWS
TAWS WARNING
(Red
on PFD and aural “PULL UP”)
1. AP/YD DISC / TRIM INTRPT Button ............................................. PRESS and RELEASE
(To disconnect the autopilot)
2. Aircraft Attitude ....................................................... PULL BACK ON CONTROL WHEEL
3. Power.......................................................................................... MAXIMUM ALLOWABLE
4. Airspeed ........................................................................ BEST ANGLE OF CLIMB SPEED
After Warning Ceases
5. Power ......................................................................................... MAXIMUM CONTINUOUS
6. Altitude ............................................................... CLIMB AND MAINTAIN SAFE ALTITUDE
7. Advise ATC of Altitude Deviation, if appropriate
NOTE
Only vertical maneuvers are recommended, unless either operating in visual meteorological
conditions (VMC), or the pilot determines, based on all available information, that turning in
addition to the escape maneuver is the safest course of action, or both.
TAWS FAIL
(Red
on PFD and MFD)
Indicates the G1000 will no longer provide TAWS alerting or display relative terrain elevation. The
crew must maintain compliance with procedures that ensure minimum terrain and obstacle
separation.
Hawker Beechcraft C90A, C90GT and C90GTi King Air
Page 36 of 124
190-00682-02 Rev. E
FAA APPROVED
WINDSHEAR ENCOUNTER
For airplanes equipped with Electronic Stability and Protection (ESP):
1. AP/YD DISC / TRIM INTRPT Button .................................................... PRESS and HOLD
(To prevent automatic autopilot
engagement)
2. Perform established windshear escape procedures.
After Exiting Windshear:
3. AP/YD DISC / TRIM INTRPT Button ................................................................... RELEASE
4. Autopilot/Yaw Damper .................................................................................... AS DESIRED
NOTE
Refer to FAA Advisory Circular 00-54, Pilot Windshear Guide for additional information on
windshear avoidance and escapement techniques.
ESP ENGAGEMENT
For airplanes equipped with Electronic Stability and Protection (ESP):
1. Use the flight controls and power levers as required to correct the abnormal flight
condition.
NOTE
If the airplane remains within the ESP engagement envelope for more than approximately 10
seconds, the autopilot will automatically engage in LVL mode, and will be accompanied by an
aural “ENGAGING AUTOPILOT” alert. Refer to Section 7 – Systems Description, “Electronic
Stability & Protection” (ESP) for further information.
190-00682-02 Rev. E
FAA APPROVED
Hawker Beechcraft C90A, C90GT and C90GTi King Air
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Hawker Beechcraft C90A, C90GT and C90GTi King Air
Page 38 of 124
190-00682-02 Rev. E
FAA APPROVED
Section 3A - Abnormal Procedures
Table of Contents
AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM ................................................................ 41
AILERON MIS-TRIM ............................................................................................................................... 41
ELECTRIC PITCH TRIM INOPERATIVE ............................................................................................... 41
ELEVATOR MIS-TRIM............................................................................................................................ 42
RUDDER MIS-TRIM ................................................................................................................................ 43
FLASHING AMBER MODE ANNUNCIATION ....................................................................................... 44
YAW DAMPER AUTOMATIC DISCONNECT (Amber Flashing ‘YD’) ................................................. 44
ELECTRONIC STABILITY AND PROTECTION .......................................................... 44
MANUAL ESP DISENGAGEMENT ........................................................................................................ 44
G1000 INTEGRATED AVIONICS SYSTEM ................................................................. 45
ALTITUDE MISCOMPARE ..................................................................................................................... 45
AIRSPEED MISCOMPARE .................................................................................................................... 47
PITCH MISCOMPARE ............................................................................................................................ 48
ROLL MISCOMPARE ............................................................................................................................. 48
HEADING MISCOMPARE ...................................................................................................................... 48
DISPLAY UNIT FAILURE ............................................................................................. 49
PFD FAILURE ......................................................................................................................................... 49
MFD FAILURE ........................................................................................................................................ 50
DUAL GPS/SBAS FAILURE (AMBER “DR” OR “LOI” ON HSI) ......................................................... 51
GPS APPROACH ALARM LIMITS EXCEEDED ................................................................................... 52
ILS DATABASE FREQUENCY AND/OR COURSE MISMATCH .......................................................... 53
LOSS OF RADIO TUNING FUNCTIONS ............................................................................................... 53
FAILED AIRSPEED, ALTITUDE, AND/OR VERTICAL SPEED............................................................ 54
FAILED ATTITUDE AND/OR HEADING ................................................................................................ 54
ENGINE INDICATION SYSTEM (EIS) FAILURE ................................................................................... 56
LOSS OF NAVIGATION DATA .............................................................................................................. 56
INACCURATE FLIGHT DIRECTOR DISPLAY ...................................................................................... 56
BOTH ON ADC1, BOTH ON ADC2........................................................................................................ 57
BOTH ON AHRS 1, BOTH ON AHRS 2 ................................................................................................. 57
BOTH ON GPS 1, BOTH ON GPS 2 ...................................................................................................... 57
USING ADC1 or ADC2 or XSIDE ADC.................................................................................................. 58
190-00682-02 Rev. E
FAA APPROVED
Hawker Beechcraft C90A, C90GT and C90GTi King Air
Page 39 of 124
USING AHRS1 or AHRS2 or XSIDE AHRS .......................................................................................... 58
SYNTHETIC VISION ..................................................................................................... 58
TAWS ABNORMAL PROCEDURES............................................................................ 59
TAWS CAUTION..................................................................................................................................... 59
TAWS INHIBIT ........................................................................................................................................ 59
TAWS N/A and TAWS FAIL ................................................................................................................... 59
Hawker Beechcraft C90A, C90GT and C90GTi King Air
Page 40 of 124
190-00682-02 Rev. E
FAA APPROVED
AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
AILERON MISTRIM
(amber
or
annunciation on PFD)
Indicates a mistrim of the ailerons while the autopilot is engaged. The autopilot cannot trim the
airplane in roll. During large changes in airspeed, engine failure, or single engine operation,
illumination of this message may occur. If the autopilot is disconnected while this message is
displayed, high roll forces are possible. The following procedure should be followed:
1. Control Wheel ............................................................................................................. GRIP FIRMLY
2. Aileron Tab Knob ............................................ ROTATE SLOWLY IN DIRECTION OF INDICATED
MISTRIM UNTIL THE ANNUNCIATION EXTINGUISHES
If the annunciator stays extinguished and no other annunciations illuminate:
•
Continue to operate the autopilot in a normal manner after the annunciation extinguishes.
If the annunciator remains illuminated or reappears with no changes in airspeed or configuration from the
previous trimmed condition:
3. Control Wheel ............................................................................................................. GRIP FIRMLY
4. Aileron Tab Knob .................................... ROTATE SLOWLY IN THE DIRECTION OF INDICATED
MISTRIM UNTIL ANNUNCIATION EXTINGUISHES
5. AP/YD DISC / TRIM INTRPT Button ............................................................ PRESS and RELEASE
(Pilot’s or Copilot’s control wheel)
6. Aileron Trim ................................. USING AILERON TAB KNOB, MANUALLY RETRIM AIRPLANE
Autopilot should be considered inoperative until the cause of the mis-trim has been investigated and
corrected. Yaw damper may be re-engaged and used normally.
ELECTRIC PITCH TRIM INOPERATIVE
NOTE
This condition may be accompanied by a red
or
annunciation on the PFDs.
1. Move both halves of pilot and copilot pitch trim switches to check for stuck switch
2. AFCS SERVOS Circuit Breaker ............................................................................ PULL and RESET
(Right circuit breaker panel)
The autopilot will enter Pre-Flight Test (PFT) mode when the AFCS SERVOS circuit breaker is reset.
If the autopilot successfully completes the Pre-Flight Test, re-engage the autopilot, reselect the
desired autopilot modes, and continue to use normally. If the Pre-Flight Test fails, indicated by a red
on the PFDs, the autopilot, yaw damper, and electric pitch trim will be inoperative for the
remainder of the flight.
190-00682-02 Rev. E
FAA APPROVED
Hawker Beechcraft C90A, C90GT and C90GTi King Air
Page 41 of 124
If still inoperative:
•
Pitch Trim ............................................................. MANUALLY TRIM AIRPLANE IN PITCH
(Using Elevator Tab Wheel)
NOTE
Autopilot and yaw damper may also be inoperative.
If Operative:
•
Use as required
ELEVATOR MISTRIM (amber
or
annunciation on PFD)
Indicates a mistrim of the elevator tab while the autopilot is engaged. The autopilot will normally
trim the airplane as required. However, during rapid acceleration, deceleration, or configuration
changes, momentary illumination of this message may occur accompanied by minor fluctuations
in flight path. If the autopilot is disconnected while this message is displayed, high elevator
control forces are possible. In the event of sustained illumination, the following procedure
should be followed:
1. Control Wheel ............................................................................................................. GRIP FIRMLY
2. Elevator Tab Wheel................................. ROTATE SLOWLY IN THE DIRECTION OF INDICATED
MISTRIM UNTIL ANNUNCIATION EXTINGUISHES
If the annunciator stays extinguished and no other annunciations illuminate:
•
Continue to operate the autopilot in a normal manner after the annunciation extinguishes.
If the annunciator remains illuminated or reappears with no changes in airspeed or configuration from the
previous trimmed condition:
3. Control Wheel ............................................................................................................. GRIP FIRMLY
4. Elevator Tab Wheel................................. ROTATE SLOWLY IN THE DIRECTION OF INDICATED
MISTRIM UNTIL ANNUNCIATION EXTINGUISHES
5. AP/YD DISC / TRIM INTRPT Button ............................................................ PRESS and RELEASE
(Pilot’s or Copilot’s control wheel)
6. Pitch Trim .............................. USING ELEVATOR TAB WHEEL, MANUALLY RETRIM AIRPLANE
Autopilot should be considered inoperative until the cause of the mistrim has been investigated
and corrected. Yaw damper may be re-engaged and used normally.
Hawker Beechcraft C90A, C90GT and C90GTi King Air
Page 42 of 124
190-00682-02 Rev. E
FAA APPROVED
RUDDER MISTRIM (amber
or
annunciation on PFD)
Indicates a mistrim of the rudder while the autopilot is engaged. The autopilot cannot trim the
airplane in yaw. During large changes in airspeed, engine failure, or single engine operation,
illumination of this message may occur. If the autopilot is disconnected while this message is
displayed, high rudder pedal forces and yawing motion are possible. The following procedure
should be followed:
1. Rudder Pedals ........................................................................................................... HOLD FIRMLY
2. Rudder Tab Knob .................................... ROTATE SLOWLY IN THE DIRECTION OF INDICATED
MISTRIM UNTIL ANNUNCIATION EXTINGUISHES
If the annunciator stays extinguished and no other annunciations illuminate:
•
Continue to operate the autopilot in a normal manner after the annunciation extinguishes.
If the annunciator remains illuminated or reappears with no changes in airspeed or configuration from the
previous trimmed condition:
3. Rudder Pedals ........................................................................................................... HOLD FIRMLY
4. Rudder Tab Knob .................................... ROTATE SLOWLY IN THE DIRECTION OF INDICATED
MIS-TRIM UNTIL ANNUNCIATION EXTINGUISHES
5. YD Button ............................................................................................... PRESS on Mode Controller
6. Rudder Tab Knob .......................................................................... MANUALLY RETRIM AIRPLANE
Yaw Damper should be considered inoperative until the cause of the mistrim has been
investigated and corrected. The Autopilot can continued to be used normally without the Yaw
Damper.
190-00682-02 Rev. E
FAA APPROVED
Hawker Beechcraft C90A, C90GT and C90GTi King Air
Page 43 of 124
FLASHING AMBER MODE ANNUNCIATION
NOTE
Abnormal mode transitions (those not initiated by the pilot or by normal sequencing of the AFCS)
will be annunciated by flashing the disengaged mode in amber on the PFD. Upon loss of a
selected mode, the system will revert to the default mode for the affected axis, either ROL or PIT.
After 10 seconds, the new mode (PIT or ROL) will be annunciated in green.
Loss of selected vertical mode (FLC, VS, VPTH, ALT, GS, GP)
1. Autopilot mode controls....................................................... SELECT ANOTHER VERTICAL MODE
If on an instrument approach, disconnect autopilot and continue manually or execute missed approach:
2. AP/YD DISC / TRIM INTRPT Button ............................................................ PRESS and RELEASE
Loss of selected lateral mode (HDG, VOR, GPS, LOC, VAPP, BC):
1.
Autopilot mode controls........................ ............................... SELECT ANOTHER LATERAL MODE
If on an instrument approach, disconnect autopilot and continue manually or execute missed approach:
2. AP/YD DISC / TRIM INTRPT Button ............................................................ PRESS and RELEASE
YAW DAMPER AUTOMATIC DISCONNECT (Amber Flashing ‘YD’)
Flashing amber ‘YD’ in flight indicates that yaw damper has disconnected. If the disconnect was
not pilot initiated, the yaw servo has failed. Do not reset the AFCS SERVOS circuit breaker in
an effort to reset the yaw servo. The autopilot pitch and roll modes will continue to function
without the yaw damper engaged.
ELECTRONIC STABILITY AND PROTECTION
MANUAL ESP DISENGAGEMENT
If necessary, ESP may be manually disconnected using any one of the following methods.
1. AP/YD DISC / TRIM INTRPT Button ................................................................... PRESS and HOLD
(Pilot’s or Copilot’s control wheel)
2. CWS Button (Pilot’s or Copilot’s control wheel) ................................................... PRESS and HOLD
3. AFCS SERVOS Circuit Breaker ................................................................................................ PULL
(Right circuit breaker panel)
4. AUX – SYSTEM SETUP 2 Page on MFD...................... DISABLE STABILITY AND PROTECTION
Hawker Beechcraft C90A, C90GT and C90GTi King Air
Page 44 of 124
190-00682-02 Rev. E
FAA APPROVED
G1000 INTEGRATED AVIONICS SYSTEM
ALTITUDE MISCOMPARE
This message is displayed when the G1000 detects a difference of 200 feet or greater between
the pilot’s and copilot’s altitude information. Refer to the G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for
additional information.
1. Altimeter Settings ................................................................. VERIFY both pilot and copilot have the
correct barometric altimeter setting.
2. Pilot’s and Copilot’s Altitude ........................................................ COMPARE with Standby Altimeter
WARNING
THE STANDBY ALTIMETER USES THE SAME STATIC SOURCE AS THE COPILOT’S SIDE
AIR DATA COMPUTER (ADC2). DO NOT USE STANDBY ALTIMETER AS SOLE SOURCE
IN DETERMINING CORRECT ALTITUDE.
If Pilot and Standby Altimeter Agree (Copilot Altimeter Differs):
3. SENSOR Softkey (Copilot PFD) ............................................................................................ PRESS
4. ADC1 Softkey ......................................................................................................................... PRESS
5. PFD Displays ............................ CONFIRM
annunciator is displayed on both PFDs.
If Copilot and Standby Altimeter Agree (Pilot Altimeter Differs):
3. Pilot’s Static Air Source .................................................................................. SELECT ALTERNATE
A sudden sustained change in rate-of-climb indication accompanied by abnormal indicated
airspeed and altitude changes beyond normal calibrated differences observed on the Pilot’s
PFD would indicate a blockage of the pilot’s static system.
•
If Pilot’s PFD and Copilot’s PFD agree within normal calibrated differences with Pilot’s
Alternate Static Air Source in the ALTERNATE position:
Refer to Section 5, PERFORMANCE in the airplanes AFM for Airspeed Calibration and
Altimeter Correction.
If no change in rate-of-climb, airspeed, or altitude is observed:
4. Pilot’s Static Air Source ........................................................................................SELECT NORMAL
5. Compare indicated altitude to GPS altitude on MFD AUX-GPS STATUS page to aid in
determining which primary system is most accurate.
190-00682-02 Rev. E
FAA APPROVED
Hawker Beechcraft C90A, C90GT and C90GTi King Air
Page 45 of 124
NOTE
When comparing indicated altitude to GPS altitude, deviations from standard temperature or
pressure can cause indicated altitude to deviate from GPS altitude. These errors are largest at
high altitude. Below 10,000 feet with the correct local altimeter setting set, GPS altitude will
usually be within 600 feet or better of the correct indicated altitude. Use the following guidelines
to help estimate correct altitude from non-standard conditions:
•
Temperatures WARMER than standard can cause GPS altitude to read HIGHER than indicated
altitude.
•
Pressures LOWER than standard can cause GPS altitude to read HIGHER than indicated
altitude.
If Able to Identify Accurate Altitude Source:
6. Autopilot ALT Mode.................................................................................................... DISENGAGED
7. Use SENSOR softkey to select most accurate ADC on both PFD’s
8. Confirm
or
annunciators are displayed on both PFDs
9. Autopilot ALT Mode...................................................................................... ENGAGE AS DESIRED
If Unable to Identify Accurate Altitude Source:
6. Avoid IFR conditions if possible; consider diversion to visual conditions and LAND AS SOON AS
PRACTICAL.
7. Maintain altitudes based on LOWEST indicated altitude.
8. ATC – Advise of inability to verify correct altitude
9. If unable to descend into visual conditions, plan an ILS, LPV, or RNAV (GPS) LNAV/VNAV
approach with course intercept well outside the Final Approach Fix (FAF).
10. Once glideslope or glidepath is captured, determine most accurate altitude source when crossing
FAF.
11. Reference ILS Decision Altitude or GPS based approach Minimum Descent Altitude to most
accurate altimeter based on FAF crossing.
WARNING
TAWS ALERTS ARE BASED ON GPS ALTITUDE AND POSITION INFORMATION. TAWS
WARNINGS AND CAUTIONS ARE INDEPENDENT OF ADC DATA. IF A TAWS WARNING
OR CAUTION IS RECEIVED, CONSIDER IT ACCURATE AND TAKE IMMEDIATE
AVOIDANCE ACTION.
Hawker Beechcraft C90A, C90GT and C90GTi King Air
Page 46 of 124
190-00682-02 Rev. E
FAA APPROVED
AIRSPEED MISCOMPARE
This message is displayed when the G1000 detects a difference of 7 KIAS or greater between the
pilot’s and copilot’s airspeed indicators (10 KIAS difference during takeoff or landing roll). Refer to
the G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for additional information.
1. Pilot’s and Copilot’s Airspeed ..................................... COMPARE with Standby Airspeed Indicator.
WARNING
THE STANDBY AIRSPEED INDICATOR USES THE SAME PITOT-STATIC SOURCES AS THE
COPILOT’S SIDE AIR DATA COMPUTER (ADC2). DO NOT USE STANDBY AIRSPEED
INDICATOR OR STANDBY ALTIMETER AS SOLE SOURCE IN DETERMINING CORRECT
AIR DATA INFORMATION.
If Pilot and Standby Airspeed Indicator Agree (Copilot Airspeed Differs):
2. SENSOR Softkey (Copilot’s PFD) ......................................................................................... PRESS
3. ADC1 Softkey ......................................................................................................................... PRESS
4. PFD Displays .......................... CONFIRM
annunciator is displayed on both PFDs.
If Copilot and Standby Airspeed Indicator Agree (Pilot Airspeed Differs):
2. Pilot and Copilot ALTITUDE .................................................................................................... NOTE
If Pilot’s and Copilot’s Altitude Agree:
3. Airspeed 120 KIAS MINIMUM on slowest indicator
4. Monitor all three airspeed indicators during changes in power or altitude to determine which
indicators are inaccurate. Indications of inaccurate airspeed include:
•
No change in indicated airspeed when power change and altitude maintained.
•
Indicated airspeed increases when climbing or decreases when descending.
5. Use SENSOR softkey to select most accurate ADC on the affected PFDs
6. Airspeed ............................................................................................. RESUME NORMAL SPEEDS
If Pilot’s and Copilot’s Altitude Do Not Agree:
1. Refer to Abnormal Procedures, ALT MISCOMP procedure to determine most accurate ADC.
190-00682-02 Rev. E
FAA APPROVED
Hawker Beechcraft C90A, C90GT and C90GTi King Air
Page 47 of 124
PITCH MISCOMPARE
This message is displayed in the upper right corner of the PFD when the G1000 detects a
difference between the pilot’s and copilot’s pitch attitude of more than 5 degrees. Refer to
GARMIN G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for additional information.
1. Refer to STANDBY ATTITUDE indicator to determine which AHRS is providing the most accurate
data.
2. Use SENSOR softkey to select the most accurate AHRS on the affected PFD.
ROLL MISCOMPARE
This message is displayed in the upper right corner of the PFD when the G1000 detects a
difference between the pilot’s and copilot’s roll attitude of more than 6 degrees. Refer to the
GARMIN G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for additional information.
1. Refer to STANDBY ATTITUDE indicator to determine which AHRS is providing the most accurate
data.
2. Use SENSOR softkey to select the most accurate AHRS on the affected PFD.
HEADING MISCOMPARE
This message is displayed when the G1000 detects a difference between the pilot’s and copilot’s
heading information (displayed in the upper right of the PFD). Refer to GARMIN G1000 Cockpit
Reference Guide for additional information.
1. WSHLD ANTI-ICE Switches (PILOT and COPILOT) ................................................................. OFF
2. CABIN TEMP MODE selector ..................................................................................................... OFF
3. ELEC HEAT ................................................................................................................................ OFF
4. Refer to Magnetic Compass to determine which AHRS is providing the most accurate heading
information.
5. Use SENSOR softkey to select the most accurate AHRS on the affected PFD.
6. WSHLD ANTI-ICE Switches ..................................................................................... AS REQUIRED
7. CABIN TEMP MODE ................................................................................................... AS DESIRED
8. ELEC HEAT .............................................................................................................. AS REQUIRED
NOTE
The magnetic compass is affected by windshield anti-ice, air conditioner, and electric heat.
These items must be turned OFF prior to referencing magnetic compass heading, and then
may be reselected ON. With windshield anti-ice OFF, windshield may form fog or frost on
the inside surface. The windshield anti-ice should be turned off only long enough to reference
magnetic compass or the pilot should descend to a warmer altitude if terrain, fuel, and
endurance permit.
Hawker Beechcraft C90A, C90GT and C90GTi King Air
Page 48 of 124
190-00682-02 Rev. E
FAA APPROVED
DISPLAY UNIT FAILURE
PFD FAILURE
PFD failure is indicated by a complete loss of image on a display. The pilot should use the cross
side PFD and the standby flight instruments for information to fly the airplane. If only individual
elements of the display are failed, refer to appropriate procedures for the individual failures.
To display a composite display of primary flight information and the engine instruments on the
MFD:
1. DISPLAY BACKUP Button (on audio panel of affected side) ................................................ PRESS
The DISPLAY BACKUP button can be pressed again to return the MFD to its normal
presentation. With the MFD in its normal display presentation, the pilot has access to
functions and pages unique to the MFD that are not accessible when the MFD is in the
composite display.
NOTE
The CDI SYNC and BARO SYNC settings must be ON to allow the operating PFD’s controls
to affect settings on the MFD when the MFD is in the Display Backup mode. These settings
are accessible on the MFD when in the normal display presentation on the AUX – SYSTEM
SETUP page.
2. Autopilot Mode Panel ....................................................TRANSFER (XFR button) to operating PFD
3. Autopilot .......................................................................................... RE-ENGAGE and select modes
4. Transponder .....................................................................................SELECT operating transponder
5. Audio Panels .................................................................................... SELECT operating COM Radio
NOTE
Use the operating PFD to control Com frequency selection, Com and Nav volume, and
Altimeter Barometric Pressure setting.
190-00682-02 Rev. E
FAA APPROVED
Hawker Beechcraft C90A, C90GT and C90GTi King Air
Page 49 of 124
MFD FAILURE
MFD failure is indicated by a complete loss of image on the center display.
1. Pilot’s Audio Panel DISPLAY BACKUP Button ..................................................................... PRESS
2. Copilot’s Audio Panel DISPLAY BACKUP Button ................................................................. PRESS
NOTE
Engine data will be displayed on both PFDs
3. Electronic Chart Data will not be available following an MFD failure. Use the following procedure
if a secondary source of aeronautical information is not available in the airplane.
a.
Load approaches, arrivals, and departures into the Active Flight Plan using the PROC button
on either PFD. The procedure’s course can be displayed on either PFD’s Inset Map
window. Navigate using the course pointer and CDI on the PFDs.
b.
For instrument approach procedures, obtain altitude information from ATC using either COM
radio.
Hawker Beechcraft C90A, C90GT and C90GTi King Air
Page 50 of 124
190-00682-02 Rev. E
FAA APPROVED
DUAL GPS/SBAS FAILURE (AMBER “DR” OR “LOI” ON HSI)
LOSS OF GPS/SBAS NAVIGATION DATA
When both GPS/SBAS receivers are inoperative or GPS navigation information is not available or
invalid, the G1000 system will enter one of two modes: Dead Reckoning mode (DR) or Loss Of
Integrity mode (LOI). The mode is indicated on the HSI by an amber “DR” or “LOI”. Which mode
is active depends on the distance from the destination airport in the active flight plan.
If the LOI annunciation is displayed, revert to an alternate means of navigation appropriate to the
route and phase of flight or periodically cross-check the GPS guidance to other, approved means
of navigation.
In Dead Reckoning mode, the MAP – NAVIGATION MAP will continue to be displayed with a
ghosted aircraft icon in the center and an amber ‘DR’ overwriting the icon. Aircraft position will be
based upon the last valid GPS position, then estimated by Dead Reckoning methods. Changes in
true airspeed, altitude, or winds aloft can affect the estimated position substantially. Dead
Reckoning is only available in Enroute mode; Terminal and Approach modes do not support DR.
Course deviation information will be displayed as an amber CDI on both PFDs and will remain for
up to 20 minutes after GPS position data has been lost. The autopilot and/or flight director may
be coupled in GPS mode while the system is in Dead Reckoning mode. Refer to the G1000
Cockpit Reference Guide for further information. Revert to an alternate means of navigation
appropriate to the route and phase of flight.
If Alternate Navigation Sources (ILS, LOC, VOR, DME, ADF) Are Available:
1.
Navigation ................................................................................. USE ALTERNATE SOURCES
If No Alternate Navigation Sources Are Available:
DEAD RECKONING (DR) MODE - ACTIVE WHEN THE AIRPLANE IS GREATER THAN 30 NM
FROM THE DESTINATION AIRPORT.
2.
Navigation - Use the airplane symbol and magenta course line on the map display.
NOTE
•
ALL INFORMATION NORMALLY DERIVED FROM GPS TURNS AMBER. ALL OF THIS
INFORMATION WILL BECOME LESS ACCURATE OVER TIME.
•
TAWS IS INOPERATIVE
•
DR mode uses heading, true airspeed, last known wind data, and the last known GPS
position to estimate the airplane’s current position. DR information will be available for a
maximum of 20 minutes.
•
MAP – TRAFFIC MAP display is not dependent on GPS information. The position of
displayed traffic relative to the airplane symbol on the map is still accurate.
190-00682-02 Rev. E
FAA APPROVED
Hawker Beechcraft C90A, C90GT and C90GTi King Air
Page 51 of 124
LOSS OF INTEGRITY (LOI) MODE - ACTIVE WHEN THE AIRPLANE IS WITHIN 30NM OF THE
DESTINATION OR DEPARTURE AIRPORT (AS CALCULATED FROM THE PREVIOUS GPS OR
DR POSITION).
1. Navigation - Fly towards known visual conditions. Use ATC or other information sources as
possible.
NOTE
•
All information derived from GPS or DR will be removed from the displays
•
TAWS IS INOPERATIVE.
•
The airplane symbol is removed from all maps. The map will remain centered at the last
known position. “NO GPS POSITION” will be annunciated in the center of the map.
GPS APPROACH ALARM LIMITS EXCEEDED
During a GPS LPV, LNAV/VNAV, or LNAV+V approach, if the Horizontal or Vertical alarm limits
are exceeded, the G1000 System will downgrade the approach. This will be annunciated in the
ALERTS window and by an annunciation change on the HSI from LPV, L/VNAV, or LNAV+V to
LNAV. GPS glide path vertical guidance will be removed from the PFD. The approach may be
continued using the LNAV only minimums.
During any GPS approach in which both precision and non-precision alarm limits are exceeded,
the G1000 System will flag the lateral guidance and display a system message “ABORT
APPROACH loss of navigation”. Immediately upon viewing the message, the unit will revert to
Terminal navigation mode alarm limits. If the position integrity is within these limits lateral
guidance will be restored and the GPS may be used to execute the missed approach, otherwise
alternate means of navigation must be utilized.
Hawker Beechcraft C90A, C90GT and C90GTi King Air
Page 52 of 124
190-00682-02 Rev. E
FAA APPROVED
ILS DATABASE FREQUENCY AND/OR COURSE MISMATCH
In some rare instances, the actual course and/or frequency for an ILS localizer may not match the
course or frequency stored in the G1000 database. This occurs most often when an ILS course or
frequency change is made by the FAA in between Jeppesen database update cycles. Manual
course or frequency changes can be made to override the auto-loaded values in the G1000 database
whenever an ILS approach is loaded into the G1000 via the FMS. ADVISORY messages will post in
the ALERTS window on the PFDs prompting the pilot verify course and/or frequency information.
Use the latest published instrument approach procedure information to verify all course and
frequency information.
While flying ILS approaches with manually overridden course or frequency information:
•
If SVS Pathways are turned on for display, they must be turned off prior to turning
inbound onto the final approach course to prevent possible confusion. This is because
the pathway display is also dependent on accurate database information to display
proper guidance.
If SVS Pathways are Displayed While Flying a Manually Overridden Frequency or Course on an ILS
Approach:
Prior to Turning Inbound on the Final Approach Course:
1. PFD Softkey on PFD1 and/or PFD2 .................................................................................... PRESS
2. SYN VIS Softkey .................................................................................................................... PRESS
3. PATHWAY Softkey ...................................................... PRESS TO REMOVE PATHWAY DISPLAY
LOSS OF RADIO TUNING FUNCTIONS
1. COM Frequency Toggle Button ..........................................PRESS AND HOLD FOR 2 SECONDS.
NOTE
This procedure will tune the active COM field to the emergency frequency 121.5. Certain
failures of the tuning system will automatically tune 121.5 without pilot action.
190-00682-02 Rev. E
FAA APPROVED
Hawker Beechcraft C90A, C90GT and C90GTi King Air
Page 53 of 124
FAILED AIRSPEED, ALTITUDE, AND/OR VERTICAL SPEED
(RED "X" ON PFD AIRSPEED, ALTITUDE, AND/OR VERTICAL SPEED
INDICATORS)
This indicates a loss of valid air data computer information to the respective system.
If Both Sides:
1.
Airspeed and Attitude ...................................................... MONITOR using standby indicators
2.
Land as soon as practical
If One Side Only:
1.
Autopilot ALT Mode ............................................................................................ DISENGAGED
2.
Affected PFD SENSOR Softkey..................................................................................... PRESS
3.
ADC Softkey .............. PRESS the ADC softkey to select the functional ADC (ADC1 or ADC2)
4.
Both PFDs ............................................................................ CONFIRM “BOTH ON ADC1” OR
“BOTH ON ADC 2” annunciated on both PFDs.
5.
Autopilot ALT Mode ......................................................................... RESELECT AS DESIRED
FAILED ATTITUDE AND/OR HEADING
(ATTITUDE FAIL AND/OR RED "X" OVER HEADING DISPLAY ON PFD)
This indicates a loss of pitch, roll, and/or heading information from AHRS. Refer to GARMIN
G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide and Pilot’s Guide for additional information. Interference from
GPS repeaters operating inside nearby hangars or magnetic anomalies caused by nearby
structures can cause an intermittent loss of attitude and heading displays while the aircraft is on
the ground. This is usually accompanied by a BOTH ON GPS 1, BOTH ON GPS 2, or LOI
annunciation. Moving the aircraft more than 100 yards away from the source of the interference
should alleviate the condition.
Taxiing the aircraft before a valid GPS position has been acquired can cause attitude and/or
heading display to indicate a failed condition. As soon as the aircraft acquires a valid GPS
position, attitude and heading should return to normal.
WARNING
DO NOT TAKE OFF WITHOUT VALID, NORMAL ATTITUDE AND HEADING DISPLAYS
In Flight, If Both Sides:
1. Attitude ................................................................................. MONITOR using standby attitude gyro.
2. WSHLD ANTI-ICE Switches (Pilot and Copilot).......................................................................... OFF
Hawker Beechcraft C90A, C90GT and C90GTi King Air
Page 54 of 124
190-00682-02 Rev. E
FAA APPROVED
NOTE
The magnetic compass is erratic when either windshield anti-ice, air conditioner, or electric
heat is on. With windshield anti-ice OFF, windshield may form fog or frost on the inside
surface. The windshield anti-ice should be turned off only long enough to reference magnetic
compass or the pilot should descent to a warmer altitude if terrain, fuel, and endurance
permit.
3. ELEC HEAT ................................................................................................................................ OFF
4. CABIN TEMP MODE switch ....................................................................................................... OFF
5. Heading .................................................................................... MONITOR using magnetic compass
6. Land as soon as practical
NOTE
•
The autopilot will disconnect and will not re-engage.
•
Reference the GPS track on MFD/PFD map to improve situational awareness. GPS will
continue to display correct GPS based map, position, and track.
•
Magnetic compass is influenced by windshield anti-ice, air conditioner, and electric heat.
These items must be turned OFF prior to referencing magnetic compass heading. Leave
these items OFF when maneuvering the aircraft by reference to the magnetic compass.
In Flight, If One Side Only:
1. Standby Attitude Gyro ....................................................................................................... MONITOR
2. Affected PFD SENSOR softkey ............................................................................................. PRESS
3. AHRS softkey ..........................................................................PRESS Opposite Side AHRS softkey
4. Both PFDs ................................... CONFIRM VALID ATTITUDE AND HEADING ARE DISPLAYED
CONFIRM “BOTH ON AHRS1” or
“BOTH ON AHRS2” annunciated on both PFDs
NOTE
The autopilot will disconnect and will not re-engage.
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FAA APPROVED
Hawker Beechcraft C90A, C90GT and C90GTi King Air
Page 55 of 124
ENGINE INDICATION SYSTEM (EIS) FAILURE
(RED 'X' ON ENGINE DISPLAY)
If All Engine Gauges on One Engine Red ‘X’:
Indicates failure of the GEA for that engine
1. Check ENG INST circuit breaker ................................................................... RESET once if tripped
If unable to restore engine gauges:
2. Move both power levers together using the engine with operating engine gauges to set power.
If One or More Engine Parameter Indications Are Flagged On Only One Engine:
1. Adjust power using the remaining indications and comparing to the opposite engine.
LOSS OF NAVIGATION DATA
(LATERAL DEVIATION BAR NOT PRESENT AND/OR GLIDESLOPE INDEX
CLEARS)
This indicates a loss of data from the selected NAV source. Refer to GARMIN G1000 Cockpit
Reference Guide for additional information.
1.
CDI Softkey .........................................PRESS TO SELECT ALTERNATE NAVIGATION SOURCE
2.
CONFIRM a valid navigation source is displayed giving valid navigation guidance.
INACCURATE FLIGHT DIRECTOR DISPLAY
Indicated by one or both flight directors commanding attitude contrary to intended flight path
1.
AP/YD DISC / TRIM INTRPT Button ..................................................................................... PRESS
(Pilot’s or Copilot’s control wheel)
2.
Attitude ........................................ CROSSCHECK BOTH PFDs with the Standby Attitude Indicator
3.
Flight Director Modes ............................................................................... RESELECT AS DESIRED
NOTE
If continued use of the flight director is desired, it is recommended that only basic modes (i.e.,
ROL and PIT) be selected initially. If this proves satisfactory, HDG and ALT may then be
selected. Ensure navigation systems are set up correctly prior to attempting to engage NAV
mode.
4.
Autopilot .................................. ENGAGE AS DESIRED if flight director commands are appropriate
If unable to restore Flight Director:
5.
FD Button .................................................................... PRESS to remove Flight Director from PFDs
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FAA APPROVED
BOTH ON ADC1, BOTH ON ADC2
This message is displayed on both PFDs and indicates that both pilot and copilot PFDs are
displaying data from the same Air Data Computer. Normally the pilot’s side displays ADC 1
information and the copilot’s side displays ADC 2 information. Refer to GARMIN G1000 Cockpit
Reference Guide and Pilot’s Guide for additional information.
1.
PFD (displaying data from opposite ADC) SENSOR softkey ................................................ PRESS
2.
ADC1 or ADC 2 softkey ..................................................................................SELECT on-side ADC
(ADC1 for Pilot PFD, ADC2 for copilot PFD).
3.
PFD Displays ................................................. CONFIRM “BOTH ON ADC 1” or “BOTH ON ADC 2”
message clears on both PFDs.
4.
If message does not clear, refer to Abnormal Procedures - FAILED AIRSPEED, ALTITUDE,
AND/OR VERTICAL SPEED.
BOTH ON AHRS 1, BOTH ON AHRS 2
This message is displayed on both PFDs and indicates that both pilot and copilot PFDs are
displaying data from the same Attitude Heading Reference System. Normally the pilot’s side
displays AHRS 1 information and the copilot’s side displays AHRS 2 information. Refer to
GARMIN G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for additional information.
1.
PFD (displaying data from opposite AHRS) SENSOR softkey .............................................. PRESS
2.
AHRS1 or AHRS2 softkey ............................................................................... Select on-side AHRS
(AHRS1 for Pilot PFD, AHRS2 for copilot PFD).
3.
PFD Displays ............................................ CONFIRM “BOTH ON AHRS 1” or “BOTH ON AHRS 2”
message clears on both PFDs
4.
If message does not clear, refer to Abnormal Procedures - FAILED ATTITUDE AND/OR
HEADING.
BOTH ON GPS 1, BOTH ON GPS 2
This message is displayed on both PFDs and indicates that both pilot and copilot PFDs are
displaying data from the same GPS/SBAS receiver. Normally the pilot’s side displays GPS 1 and
the copilot’s side displays GPS 2 and is not pilot selectable. This may be caused by operation
outside of WAAS satellite coverage in which case the non-selected GPS is still available in the
event the active GPS fails. Refer to GARMIN G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for additional
information.
1.
GPS/SBAS Status ................................................................................................................. CHECK
a. Select AUX - GPS STATUS page on MFD
b. Select GPS1 then GPS2 softkeys and verify sufficient satellite reception.
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FAA APPROVED
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Page 57 of 124
USING ADC1 or ADC2
or XSIDE ADC
This message is displayed on both PFDs and indicates that both PFDs are displaying data from
the opposite side Air Data Computer. Normally the pilot’s side displays ADC 1 and the copilot’s
side displays ADC 2. Refer to GARMIN G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for additional
information.
1.
PILOT’S PFD SENSOR Softkey ............................................................................................ PRESS
2.
PILOT’S PFD ADC1 Softkey .................................................................................................. PRESS
3.
PFD Displays .............................. CONFIRM “BOTH ON ADC1” message displayed on both PFDs
4.
COPILOT’S PFD SENSOR Softkey....................................................................................... PRESS
5.
COPILOT’S PFD ADC2 Softkey ............................................................................................ PRESS
6.
PFD Displays ................................... CONFIRM “BOTH ON ADC 1” message clears on both PFDs
USING AHRS1 or AHRS2
or XSIDE AHRS
This message is displayed on both PFDs and indicates that both PFDs are displaying data from
the opposite side Attitude Heading Reference System. Normally the pilot’s side displays AHRS 1
and the copilot’s side displays AHRS 2. Refer to GARMIN G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for
additional information.
1.
PILOT’S PFD SENSOR Softkey ............................................................................................ PRESS
2.
PILOT’S PFD AHRS1 Softkey ............................................................................................... PRESS
3.
PFD Displays ............................ CONFIRM “BOTH ON AHRS1” message displayed on both PFDs
4.
COPILOT’S PFD SENSOR Softkey....................................................................................... PRESS
5.
COPILOT’S PFD AHRS2 Softkey .......................................................................................... PRESS
6.
PFD Displays ................................. CONFIRM “BOTH ON AHRS 1” message clears on both PFDs
SYNTHETIC VISION
If SVS displays information inconsistent with G1000 primary flight instrumentation:
On the PFD:
1.
PFD softkey ......................................................................................................................... PRESS
2.
SYN VIS softkey .................................................................................................................. PRESS
3.
SYN TERR key ................................................................................................................... PRESS
4.
SVS is removed from both PFD displays ........................................................................... VERIFY
Use G1000 primary displays for navigation and aircraft control.
Hawker Beechcraft C90A, C90GT and C90GTi King Air
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FAA APPROVED
If G1000 operation in display backup mode is required:
Select display backup mode on the G1000 system. When display backup mode is selected, the
MFD will initially present a non-SVS (blue sky over solid brown ground) display. SVS will be
presented on the backup display within 20 seconds if it was enabled on the PFD when display backup
was selected.
TAWS ABNORMAL PROCEDURES
TAWS CAUTION
When a TAWS CAUTION occurs, take positive corrective action until the alert ceases. Stop
descending or initiate either a climb or a turn, or both, as necessary, based on analysis of all available
instruments and information.
TAWS INHIBIT
The TAWS Forward Looking Terrain Avoidance (FLTA) and Premature Descent Alerts (PDA)
functions may be inhibited to stop alerting for acceptable flight conditions. Refer to GARMIN G1000
Cockpit Reference Guide for additional information.
To Inhibit TAWS:
1.
Display the MAP – TAWS page
2.
INHIBIT Softkey ..................................................................................................................... PRESS
3.
Verify a
MFD.
annunciation displays on both PFDs and in the lower right corner of the
To Enable TAWS If Inhibited:
1.
Display the MAP – TAWS page
2.
ENABLE Softkey .................................................................................................................... PRESS
3.
Verify the
annunciations displays are removed both PFDs and the MFD.
TAWS N/A and TAWS FAIL
1.
If the amber
status annunciator is displayed on the PFDs and MFD, the system will
no longer provide TAWS alerting or display relative terrain and obstacle elevations. The crew
must maintain compliance with procedures that ensure minimum terrain and obstacle separation.
2.
If the amber
status annunciator is displayed on the PFDs and MFD, the system will
no longer provide TAWS alerting or display relative terrain and obstacle elevations. The crew
must maintain compliance with procedures that ensure minimum terrain and obstacle separation.
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FAA APPROVED
Section 4 - Normal Procedures
Table of Contents
COM RADIO COMMUNICATIONS BEFORE STARTING ENGINES........................... 63
BEFORE STARTING .................................................................................................... 63
BEFORE TAXI .............................................................................................................. 63
TAXI .............................................................................................................................. 64
BEFORE TAKEOFF (RUN-UP) .................................................................................... 65
BEFORE TAKEOFF (FINAL ITEMS)............................................................................ 66
ON TAKEOFF ROLL .................................................................................................... 66
CLIMB, CRUISE, AND DESCENT................................................................................ 66
ICING CONDITIONS ..................................................................................................... 66
SHUTDOWN AND SECURING .................................................................................... 67
OTHER PROCEDURES ............................................................................................... 67
AUTOPILOT OPERATION ........................................................................................... 67
VERTICAL MODES ................................................................................................................................ 67
VERTICAL SPEED (VS) MODE: ......................................................................................................... 67
FLIGHT LEVEL CHANGE (FLC) MODE: ............................................................................................ 68
ALTITUDE HOLD (ALT) MODE, MANUAL CAPTURE: ...................................................................... 68
VERTICAL NAVIGATION (VNAV) ....................................................................................................... 68
LATERAL MODES.................................................................................................................................. 69
NAVIGATION (VOR)............................................................................................................................ 69
NAVIGATION (GPS DIRECT TO) ....................................................................................................... 70
NAVIGATION (GPS OBS MODE) ....................................................................................................... 70
APPROACHES ....................................................................................................................................... 71
ILS ........................................................................................................................................................ 71
ILS GLIDE SLOPE INOPERATIVE ..................................................................................................... 72
RNAV (GPS) (LPV or LNAV/VNAV) .................................................................................................... 74
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FAA APPROVED
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Page 61 of 124
RNAV (GPS) (LNAV, LNAV + V) ......................................................................................................... 75
VOR APPROACH ................................................................................................................................ 76
BACK COURSE (BC) .......................................................................................................................... 78
GO AROUND (GA) ................................................................................................................................. 79
AUTOPILOT COUPLED GO AROUND (GA) (ESP Equipped Airplanes Only) ............................... 80
SYNTHETIC VISION ............................................................................................................................... 82
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FAA APPROVED
COM RADIO COMMUNICATIONS BEFORE STARTING ENGINES
To obtain an ATC clearance before starting the engines:
1.
BAT Switch (Master Switch) ......................................................................................................... ON
2.
Avionics Master Pwr Switch .......................................................................................................... ON
Use Pilot’s Audio Panel and Com 1 to Obtain ATC Clearance, then:
3.
Avionics Master Pwr Switch ........................................................................................................ OFF
4.
BAT Switch (Master Switch) ....................................................................................................... OFF
BEFORE STARTING
These procedures should be conducted after completing the airplane’s AFM BEFORE ENGINE
STARTING checklist items.
1.
Standby Battery Switch ............................................................................................................ PUSH
[ON] illuminated if Aircraft Battery is OFF,
[ARM] illuminated if Aircraft Battery is ON
2.
Standby Attitude Gyro Fail Flag ............................................................................ NOT DISPLAYED
(listen for standby altimeter vibrator operation)
3.
Database ................................ REVIEW FOR VALID OPERATING DATES AND CYCLE NUMBER
4.
ENT key on the MFD Control Panel........................................... PRESS to acknowledge the G1000
database information and activate the selected pilot profile.
5.
AUX –Weight Planning....................................................................................... INPUT LOAD DATA
BEFORE TAXI
These procedures should be conducted during the airplane’s AFM BEFORE TAXI checklist items,
after the Avionics Master has been turned ON.
NOTE
Autopilot preflight test will not begin until both AHRS have aligned. Autopilot Pre-Flight test
begins when the white PFT message is displayed on each PFD. Autopilot Pre-Flight test has
successfully completed when the white PFT message extinguishes and the autopilot disconnect
tone sounds.
CAUTION
A red PFT or AFCS annunciator indicates a malfunction within the autopilot system.
autopilot, yaw damper, and electric elevator trim will be inoperative.
1.
The
Automatic Autopilot Preflight Test .................................................................................. COMPLETE
a. Red AFCS Annunciator................................................... ILLUMINATED WHILE AHRS ALIGNS
b. Red AFCS Annunciator.......................... EXTINGUISHES When Autopilot Preflight Test Begins
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FAA APPROVED
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Page 63 of 124
c.
White PFT Annunciator ..................................................................ILLUMINATED (~ 5 Seconds)
d. White PFT Annunciator ........................................ EXTINGUISHES when preflight test complete
e. Autopilot Disconnect Tone ............................................................................................. SOUNDS
2.
Standby Attitude Indicator ..................................................................................................... CHECK
a. PULL TO CAGE Knob ............................................................... PULL KNOB TO ERECT GYRO
b. Instrument Fail Flag ................................................. NOT DISPLAYED IN INSTRUMENT FACE
c.
3.
PFD1, PFD2, and Standby Attitude Indicator .......................... COMPARE and CROSS CHECK
Altimeters ................................................................................................. SET and CROSS CHECK
PFD 1, PFD 2, Standby Altimeter
If barometric pressure settings on the PFD1 and PFD2 altimeters differ by more than 0.03 in-Hg
(1 HPa), the baro display on both PFDs will be amber.
TAXI
The following procedure should be accomplished while the aircraft is taxiing and prior to
conducting the airplane’s AFM BEFORE TAKEOFF (RUNUP) checklist.
NOTE
Taxiing the aircraft before a valid GPS position has been acquired can cause attitude and/or
heading display to indicate a failed condition. Interference from GPS repeaters or magnetic
anomalies can cause an intermittent loss of attitude and heading displays while the aircraft in on
the ground.
1.
Flight Instruments.................................................................................................................. CHECK
a. Compare attitude displayed by PFD1, PFD2, and Standby Attitude Indicator
b. Compare altitude displayed by PFD1, PFD2, and Standby Altimeter
c.
Verify the correct barometric pressure is set in the PFD1, PFD2, and Standby Altimeters
d. Compare heading displayed by PFD1, PFD2, and Magnetic Compass
NOTE
The standby compass is erratic when windshield anti-ice, air conditioner, or electric heat is ON.
Windshield anti-ice, air conditioner, and electric heat must be OFF for heading verification check.
e. Verify turn rate and slip indicator display appropriately.
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FAA APPROVED
BEFORE TAKEOFF (RUN-UP)
These procedures supersede the same procedures in the airplane’s AFM BEFORE TAKEOFF
(RUNUP) checklist.
1.
Autopilot ............................................................................................................ CHECK, THEN OFF
a. PUSH the AP Button on the Mode Control Panel.............................. VERIFY Autopilot Engages
b. Verify ROL / AP YD / PIT annunciated in green on the PFDs
c.
Control Wheel PULL FULL AFT ..........................................VERIFY Elevator Tab Wheel moves
in the DN direction
d. Control Wheel, PUSH FULL FORWARD.............................VERIFY Elevator Tab Wheel moves
in the UP direction
e. Pilot’s Control Wheel, AP/YD DISC / TRIM INTRPT Button, PRESS ............................. VERIFY
Autopilot Disconnects
f.
•
Autopilot Disconnect Tone Sounds
•
Amber AP and YD flashes for 5 seconds and then extinguishes
•
Servos disengaged
PUSH the AP Button on the Mode Control Panel.............................. VERIFY Autopilot Engages
g. Copilot’s Control Wheel, AP/YD DISC / TRIM INTRPT Button, PRESS ......................... VERIFY
Autopilot Disconnects
h. Manually Operate Elevator Tab Wheel .......................VERIFY Pitch Trim Servo is Not Engaged
2.
Electric Elevator Trim Control ............................................................................................... CHECK
a. Pilot’s Control Wheel
• Left and Right Segments ................................................................ ACTUATE INDIVIDUALLY
(Verify there is no elevator tab wheel movement)
• Left and Right Segments ..................................................................... ACTUATE TOGETHER
(Verify proper elevator tab wheel movement)
• With Elevator Tab Wheel in Motion,
AP/YD DISC / TRIM INTRPT Button ......................................................... PRESS AND HOLD
(verify elevator tab wheel motion stops)
• Manually Operate Elevator Tab Wheel ...... VERIFY Pitch Trim Servo is Not Engaged
b. Copilot’s Control Wheel (If Installed)
• Left and Right Segments ................................................................ ACTUATE INDIVIDUALLY
(Verify there is no elevator tab wheel movement)
• Left and Right Segments ..................................................................... ACTUATE TOGETHER
(Verify proper elevator tab wheel movement)
• With Elevator Tab Wheel in Motion,
AP/YD DISC / TRIM INTRPT Button ......................................................... PRESS AND HOLD
(verify elevator tab wheel motion stops)
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FAA APPROVED
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Page 65 of 124
•
Pilot’s Trim Override.................................................................................................... CHECK
Activate the copilot’s Pitch Trim Switches nose down. Verify elevator tab wheel is
moving nose down. While the tab wheel is moving in the DN direction, activate the
pilot’s Pitch Trim Switches nose up. Verify the elevator tab wheel begins to move in the
UP direction. Release both pilot’s and copilot’s Pitch Trim switches and reset elevator
tab as required.
• Manually Operate Elevator Tab Wheel ..................... VERIFY Pitch Trim Servo is Not Engaged
3.
Press GA Button on Left Power lever ............... VERIFY FD Command Bars show Takeoff Attitude
‘TO / / TO’ is Annunciated in Mode Window on Both PFDs
BEFORE TAKEOFF (FINAL ITEMS)
These procedures should be conducted after completing the airplane’s AFM BEFORE TAKEOFF
(FINAL ITEMS) checklist.
1.
PFD Attitude and Heading ..................................................................................................NORMAL
2.
GPS Position .................................................................. VALID, ‘LOI’ NOT ANNUNCIATED on HSI
3.
Standby Attitude Indicator .......................................... ERECT and NORMAL, Fail Flag not in view
ON TAKEOFF ROLL
This procedure should be conducted after brake release during the takeoff roll but before
becoming airborne.
1.
Verify correspondence of PFD airspeed display and standby airspeed
CLIMB, CRUISE, AND DESCENT
Disengage autopilot and yaw damper and retrim the airplane in roll and yaw following a power
change, change in airspeed, or if a slight wing rocking is observed. Re-engage the autopilot and
yaw damper after trimming the airplane.
ICING CONDITIONS
WARNING
DUE TO DISTORTION OF THE WING AIRFOIL, ICE ACCUMULATION ON THE LEADING EDGES
CAN CAUSE A SIGNIFICANT LOSS IN RATE OF CLIMB AND IN SPEED PERFORMANCE, AS
WELL AS INCREASES IN STALL SPEED. EVEN AFTER CYCLING THE DEICE BOOTS, THE
ICE ACCUMULATION REMAINING ON THE BOOTS AND UNPROTECTED AREAS OF THE
AIRPLANE CAN CAUSE LARGE PERFORMANCE LOSSES. FOR THE SAME REASON, THE
AURAL STALL WARNING SYSTEM MAY NOT BE ACCURATE AND SHOULD NOT BE RELIED
UPON. UNDER THESE CONDITIONS, ESP AND AUTOPILOT UNDERSPEED PROTECTION
MAY ALSO NOT BE ACCURATE AND SHOULD NOT BE RELIED UPON.
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FAA APPROVED
SHUTDOWN AND SECURING
These procedures should be conducted after the Battery and Generator Switches have been
turned OFF in the AFM SHUTDOWN AND SECURING checklist, and before the flight crew
vacates the cockpit.
1.
Standby Battery Switch ..................................................................................................PRESS OFF
a. Standby Battery Switch ...................................................... [ARMED] and [ON] EXTINGUISHED
b. Standby attitude fail flag displayed after BAT – MASTER SWITCH is OFF
c.
Standby altimeter vibrator should not be heard (BAT – MASTER SWITCH OFF)
OTHER PROCEDURES
AUTOPILOT OPERATION
Autopilot/Flight Director mode annunciations on the PFDs displayed in green indicate active
autopilot/flight director modes.
Annunciations displayed in white indicate armed
autopilot/flight director modes. Normal mode transitions will flash inverse video green/black
for 10 seconds before becoming steady green. Abnormal mode transitions will flash amber
for 10 seconds before the default mode is annunciated as the active mode.
Default autopilot/flight director modes are Pitch (PIT) and Roll (ROL) modes.
The XFR button on the mode control panel selects the navigation, attitude, and air data
inputs the autopilot / flight director uses. Pressing the XFR button transfers these selections
to the opposite side and causes the autopilot / flight director to drop selected lateral and
vertical modes and engage the default PIT and ROL modes. The pilot must re-select the
desired modes.
VERTICAL MODES
VERTICAL SPEED (VS) MODE:
1. Altitude Preselect ....................................................................................SET to Desired Altitude
2. Press VS Button ............................................. GREEN ‘VS’, White ‘ALTS’ annunciated on PFD
3. Vertical Speed Reference........................................................... ADJUST using UP / DN Wheel
4. Green ‘ALT; .................................................................... VERIFY UPON ALTITUDE CAPTURE
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FAA APPROVED
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Page 67 of 124
FLIGHT LEVEL CHANGE (FLC) MODE:
1. Altitude Preselect ....................................................................................SET to Desired Altitude
2. Press FLC Button ......................................... GREEN ‘FLC’, White ‘ALTS’ annunciated on PFD
3. AIRSPEED Reference ................................................................ ADJUST using UP / DN Wheel
4. Green ‘ALT; .................................................................... VERIFY UPON ALTITUDE CAPTURE
NOTE
If the altitude preselect is not changed before selecting FLC, the autopilot may re-capture
the current altitude immediately after entering FLC mode. Always ensure that the altitude
preselect is adjusted prior to selecting FLC.
Pressing the SPD button while in FLC Mode toggles the airspeed reference between
KIAS and Mach. FLC will automatically transition from Mach to KIAS reference during a
descent when the current Mach reference equals 220 KIAS. FLC will not automatically
transition from KIAS to a Mach reference during a climb.
ALTITUDE HOLD (ALT) MODE, MANUAL CAPTURE:
1. At the desired altitude ................................................... PRESS ALT Button on Mode Controller
2. Green ‘ALT’........................................................................................................ VERIFY on PFD
If climbing or descending, the aircraft will overshoot the reference altitude and then return
to it. The amount of overshoot will depend on the vertical speed when the ALT button is
pressed.
VERTICAL NAVIGATION (VNAV)
VNAV Descent
Vertical navigation will only function when the navigation source is GPS navigation. VNAV will
not function if the navigation source is VOR, Localizer, or ADF. The airplane’s heading must
be within 75° of the desired GPS course and within 10 NM cross track error in order of VNAV
to function.
VNAV functions only for enroute and terminal descents. Vertical navigation is not available
during climbs or descents between the final approach fix (FAF) and the missed approach
point (MAP). Refer to the G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide and Pilot’s Guide for additional
information.
1. Once clearance from ATC has been received ................................... RESET Altitude Preselect
to the vertical clearance limit.
2. VNV Button .............................................. PRESS within 5 minutes of the top of descent (TOD)
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FAA APPROVED
NOTE
If the VNV button is pressed more than 5 minutes before the TOD or the altitude preselect is
not reset to a lower altitude, VPTH will begin to flash inverse video, white/black, when the
aural alert ‘Vertical Track’ annunciation sounds.
Pressing the VNV button and/or resetting the altitude preselect to a lower altitude cancels the
flashing and the AFCS will capture and track the vertical profile.
If VNV button is not pressed, or the altitude preselect is not reset to a lower altitude, VPTH
stops flashing at the TOD and the airplane will remain in ALT mode and not descend.
ALTV will be the armed vertical mode during the descent if the altitude preselect is set to a
lower altitude than the VNAV reference altitude. This indicates the autopilot / flight director
will capture the VNAV altitude reference. ALTS will be the armed mode during the descent if
the altitude preselect is set at or above the VNAV reference altitude indicating that the
autopilot / flight director will capture the altitude preselect altitude reference.
Vertical DIRECT TO
To descend from the present position to a waypoint:
1. Altitude Preselect ............................................................................................................. RESET
2. VNV Button ...................................................................................................................... PRESS
3. Waypoint ............................................................................................ SELECT desired waypoint
4. VNV D Softkey (MFD Flight Plan Page)..................................................................... PRESS
5. Vertical DIRECT TO .................................................................................................. ACTIVATE
LATERAL MODES
HEADING MODE (HDG)
1. HDG Knob ....................................................... PUSH to synch heading bug to current heading
2. HDG BUTTON ......................................................................... PUSH , HDG mode annunciated
3. HDG Knob ........................................................... Rotate to set heading bug to desired heading
NAVIGATION (VOR)
1. Navigation Source. ................................... SELECT VOR1 or VOR2 using CDI softkey on PFD
2. Course Pointer ........................................................................................... SET using CRS knob
3. Intercept Heading .................................................................ESTABLISH in HDG or ROL mode
4. Mode Controller ....................................................................... PRESS NAV on mode controller
5. VOR will be annunciated in WHITE if the mode is armed or in GREEN if the VOR is the active
lateral mode.
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FAA APPROVED
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Page 69 of 124
NOTE
If the Course Deviation Indicator (CDI) is greater than one dot from center, the autopilot
will arm the NAV mode and indicate VOR in white on the PFD. The pilot must ensure that
the current heading will result in a capture of the selected course. If the CDI is one dot or
less from center, the autopilot will enter the capture mode when the NAV button is
pressed and annunciate VOR in green on the PFD.
NAVIGATION (GPS DIRECT TO)
1. Navigation Source .............................................. SELECT GPS Using the CDI Softkey on PFD
2. Select Waypoint ................................................... PRESS the D button on the PFDs or MFD
From the DIRECT TO page, activate DIRECT TO a waypoint.
3. Mode Controller ......................................................................SELECT NAV on mode controller
GPS will be annunciated in GREEN on the PFDs
NAVIGATION (GPS OBS MODE)
1. Navigation Source ................................................ SELECT GPS using the CDI softkey on PFD
2. Select Waypoint ................................................... PRESS the D button on the PFDs or MFD
From the DIRECT TO page, activate DIRECT TO a waypoint.
3. OBS Softkey ............................................................................... ON PFD, PRESS OBS softkey
4. Course Pointer ........................................................................................... SET using CRS knob
5. Intercept Heading .................................................................ESTABLISH in HDG or ROL mode
6. Mode Controller ......................................................................SELECT NAV on mode controller
7. GPS will be annunciated in WHITE if the mode is armed or in GREEN if the GPS is the active
lateral mode.
NOTE
If the Course Deviation Indicator (CDI) is greater than one dot from center, the autopilot
will arm the NAV mode and indicate GPS in white on the PFD. The pilot must ensure that
the current heading will result in a capture of the selected course. If the CDI is one dot or
less from center, the autopilot will enter the capture mode when the NAV button is
pressed and annunciate GPS in green on the PFD.
Hawker Beechcraft C90A, C90GT and C90GTi King Air
Page 70 of 124
190-00682-02 Rev. E
FAA APPROVED
APPROACHES
The G1000 is capable of performing many tasks for the pilot to reduce pilot workload
during the approach and landing phases of flight. The G1000 system references the
Flight Plan to predict the pilot’s intended actions. Time permitting, the pilot should keep
the Flight Plan updated with the destination airport and the instrument approach to be
flown. This will keep the G1000 from performing tasks associated with the approach
procedures entered in the flight plan if the approach plan changes.
ILS
1. Load the approach into the Active Flight Plan .................................... VERIFY the G1000 tunes
the proper ILS frequency
2. Approach Minimums ................................................ SET on TMR/REF page (if not already set)
IF Flying Vectors-To-Final:
3. Airplane on Vectors-To-Final
a. Mode Control Panel .................................................. PRESS HDG to fly ATC radar vectors
b. PROC button on PFDs or MFD.......................SELECT ‘ACTIVATE VECTORS-TO-FINAL’
NOTE
SUSP may annunciate on the HSI when Vectors-To-Final is selected. The flight plan will
automatically unsuspend when the airplane intercepts and turns inbound on the final
approach course. When automatic flight plan waypoint sequencing resumes, SUSP will
extinguish.
c.
HSI CDI ......................................................... VERIFY CDI automatically changes to LOC
Course pointer slews to the front course
d. Mode Control Panel ............................................. PRESS APR, Verify LOC and GS armed
IF Flying Full Approach Including Transition:
3. Airplane cleared to an initial approach fix
a. ACTIVATE THE APPROACH from the PROC page,
Or
ACTIVATE a DIRECT TO ( D ) the IAF
b. HSI CDI ...................................................................................... SELECT GPS Nav Source
c.
Mode Control Panel .................................................................... PRESS NAV (GPS Mode)
d. Mode Control Panel ............................................. PRESS APR, Verify LOC and GS armed
NOTE
Airplane will navigate in GPS mode throughout the intermediate portion of the approach
procedure. When the airplane is inbound towards the final approach course, the CDI will
automatically switch from GPS navigation to LOC navigation.
e. VERIFY ................................................................. Course pointer slews to the front course
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FAA APPROVED
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Page 71 of 124
4. Established inbound on Final Approach Course ........................ SET Missed Approach Altitude
In Altitude Preselect
5. Airspeed.................................................MAINTAIN 110 KIAS OR GREATER (Recommended)
6. VERIFY ........................................ Airplane Captures and Tracks LOC, captures and tracks GS
7. AT Decision Altitude (DA),
a. A/P Y/D DISC TRIM INTRPT Switch ........................................................................ PRESS
Continue visually for a normal landing
Or
b. GO AROUND button
(on left power lever) .................................... PRESS, Execute Missed Approach Procedure
ILS GLIDE SLOPE INOPERATIVE
1. Load the approach into the Active Flight Plan .................................... VERIFY the G1000 tunes
the proper ILS frequency
2. Approach Minimums ................................................ SET on TMR/REF page (if not already set)
IF Flying Vectors-To-Final:
3. Airplane on Vectors-To-Final
a. Mode Control Panel .................................................. PRESS HDG to fly ATC radar vectors
b. PROC button on PFDs or MFD.......................SELECT ‘ACTIVATE VECTORS-TO-FINAL’
NOTE
SUSP may annunciate on the HSI when Vectors-To-Final is selected. The flight plan will
automatically unsuspend when the airplane intercepts and turns inbound on the final
approach course. When automatic flight plan waypoint sequencing resumes, SUSP will
extinguish.
c.
HSI CDI ......................................................... VERIFY CDI automatically changes to LOC
Course pointer slews to the front course
d. Mode Control Panel ........................................................... PRESS NAV, verify LOC armed
Pressing the NAV button will arm the autopilot / flight director to capture Localizer and
prevent Glideslope from arming or capturing if the glideslope is inoperative or out of
service
Hawker Beechcraft C90A, C90GT and C90GTi King Air
Page 72 of 124
190-00682-02 Rev. E
FAA APPROVED
IF Flying Full Approach Including Transition:
3. Airplane cleared to an initial approach fix
a. ACTIVATE THE APPROACH from the PROC page,
Or
ACTIVATE a DIRECT TO ( D ) the IAF
b. HSI CDI ...................................................................................... SELECT GPS Nav Source
c.
Mode Control Panel .................................................................... PRESS NAV (GPS Mode)
NOTE
Airplane will navigate in GPS mode throughout the intermediate portion of the approach
procedure. When the airplane is inbound towards the final approach course, the CDI
will automatically switch from GPS/SBAS navigation to LOC navigation.
d. VERIFY ................................................................. Course pointer slews to the front course
4. Established inbound on Final Approach Course (FAF Active Waypoint)
a. VERIFY ................................................ Course Pointer is set to the final approach course
b. VERIFY ............................................................................. LOC is annunciated on the HSI
5. Airspeed.................................................MAINTAIN 110 KIAS OR GREATER (Recommended)
6. At the FAF..................................Use desired vertical mode to fly the approach’s vertical profile
Use Altitude Preselect to level off at intermediate altitudes and at the MDA
NOTE
It is Recommend descending at 1000 ft/min or less. Descending at a higher rate or reaching
MDA too far before the Visual Descent Point (VDP) could cause TAWS alerts. If a TAWS
WARNING is issued, immediately follow the TAWS WARNING procedure in the
EMERGENCY PROCEDURES Section of this AFMS.
7. After Leveling at MDA ................................ SET Missed Approach Altitude In Altitude Preselect
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FAA APPROVED
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Page 73 of 124
RNAV (GPS) (LPV or LNAV/VNAV)
1. Load the approach into the Active Flight Plan
2. Approach Minimums ...............................................SET ON TMR/REF page (if not already set)
IF Flying Vectors-To-Final:
3. Airplane on Vectors-To-Final
a. Mode Control Panel .................................................. PRESS HDG to fly ATC radar vectors
b. PROC button on PFDs or MFD.......................SELECT ‘ACTIVATE VECTORS-TO-FINAL’
NOTE
SUSP may annunciate on the HSI when Vectors-To-Final is selected. The flight plan will
automatically unsuspend when the airplane intercepts and turns inbound on the final
approach course. When automatic flight plan waypoint sequencing resumes, SUSP will
extinguish.
c.
VERIFY ................................................................. Course pointer slews to the front course
d. Mode Control Panel ............................................. PRESS APR, Verify GPS and GP armed
IF Flying Full Approach Including Transition:
3. Airplane cleared to an initial approach fix
a. ACTIVATE THE APPROACH from the PROC page,
Or
ACTIVATE a DIRECT TO ( D ) the IAF
b. HSI CDI ...................................................................................... SELECT GPS Nav Source
c.
Mode Control Panel .............................. PRESS APR, Verify GPS mode active, GP armed
d. VERIFY ................................................................. Course pointer slews to the front course
4. Established inbound on Final Approach Course
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
VERIFY ................................................ Course Pointer is set to the final approach course
VERIFY ............................................................ LPV or L/VNAV is annunciated on the HSI
VERIFY ............................................................................................ GP Indicator Displays
VERIFY ............................................................................... SUSP is not displayed on HSI
SET ........................................................... Missed Approach Altitude In Altitude Preselect
5. Airspeed.................................................MAINTAIN 110 KIAS OR GREATER (Recommended)
6. VERIFY .......................... Airplane Captures and Tracks GPS Course, Captures and tracks GP
7. AT Decision Altitude (DA),
c.
A/P Y/D DISC TRIM INTRPT Switch ........................................................................ PRESS
Continue visually for a normal landing
Or
d. GO AROUND button
(on left power lever) .................................... PRESS, Execute Missed Approach Procedure
Hawker Beechcraft C90A, C90GT and C90GTi King Air
Page 74 of 124
190-00682-02 Rev. E
FAA APPROVED
RNAV (GPS) (LNAV, LNAV + V)
1. Load the approach into the Active Flight Plan
2. Approach Minimums ...............................................SET ON TMR/REF page (if not already set)
IF Flying Vectors-To-Final:
3. Airplane on Vectors-To-Final
a. Mode Control Panel .................................................. PRESS HDG to fly ATC radar vectors
b. PROC button on PFDs or MFD.......................SELECT ‘ACTIVATE VECTORS-TO-FINAL’
NOTE
SUSP may annunciate on the HSI when Vectors-To-Final is selected. The flight plan will
automatically unsuspend when the airplane intercepts and turns inbound on the final
approach course. When automatic flight plan waypoint sequencing resumes, SUSP will
extinguish.
c. VERIFY ........................................................... Course pointer slews to the inbound course
d. Mode Controller..................................................................................... PRESS APR Button
GPS will be the active lateral mode,
GP will ARM if the procedure provides vertical guidance
IF Flying Full Approach Including Transition:
3. Airplane cleared to an initial approach fix
a. ACTIVATE THE APPROACH from the PROC page,
Or
ACTIVATE a DIRECT TO ( D ) the IAF
b. HSI CDI ...................................................................................... SELECT GPS Nav Source
c.
Mode Controller..................................................................................... PRESS APR Button
GPS will be the active lateral mode,
GP will ARM if the procedure provides vertical guidance
4. Established inbound on Final Approach Course (FAF Active Waypoint)
a.
b.
c.
d.
VERIFY ................................................ Course Pointer is set to the final approach course
VERIFY ........................................................ LNAV+V or LNAV is annunciated on the HSI
VERIFY .......................................................... GP Deviation Scale Displays (if applicable)
SET ................................. Minimum Descent Altitude (MDA) Altitude In Altitude Preselect
5. Airspeed.................................................MAINTAIN 110 KIAS OR GREATER (Recommended)
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FAA APPROVED
Hawker Beechcraft C90A, C90GT and C90GTi King Air
Page 75 of 124
NOTE
Some RNAV (GPS) approaches provide a vertical descent angle as an aid in flying a stabilized
approach. These approaches are NOT considered Approaches with Vertical Guidance (APV).
Approaches that are annunciated on the HSI as LNAV or LNAV+V are considered Nonprecision
Approaches (NPA) and are flown to an MDA even though vertical glidepath (GP) information may
be provided.
6. At the FAF........................................................................ Descend via GP if LNAV+V approach
Use desired vertical mode to fly the approach’s vertical profile if LNAV approach
Use Altitude Preselect to level off at intermediate altitudes and at the MDA
NOTE
It is recommend to descend at 1000 ft/min or less. Descending at a higher rate of descent or
reaching MDA too far before the Visual Descent Point (VDP) could cause TAWS alerts. If a
TAWS WARNING is issued, immediately follow the TAWS WARNING procedure in the
EMERGENCY PROCEDURES Section of this AFMS.
CAUTION
Airplane will not capture ALT if descending in GP mode.
7. Level airplane in ALT mode at MDA .............................. PRESS NAV button 200 ft above MDA
If airplane is descending via GP, GP will extinguish and PIT mode will be active and airplane
will capture MDA.
8. AFTER LEVELING AT MDA...................... SET Missed Approach Altitude In Altitude Preselect
VOR APPROACH
1. Load the approach into the Active Flight Plan .................................... VERIFY the G1000 tunes
the proper VOR frequency
2. Approach Minimums ...............................................SET ON TMR/REF page (if not already set)
IF Flying Vectors-To-Final:
3. Airplane on Vectors-To-Final
a. Mode Control Panel .................................................. PRESS HDG to fly ATC radar vectors
b. PROC button on PFDs or MFD.......................SELECT ‘ACTIVATE VECTORS-TO-FINAL’
NOTE
SUSP may annunciate on the HSI when Vectors-To-Final is selected. The flight plan will
automatically unsuspend when the airplane intercepts and turns inbound on the final
approach course. When automatic flight plan waypoint sequencing resumes, SUSP will
extinguish.
c.
HSI CDI ....................................................................... PRESS until VOR navigation source
To be used for the approach displays
d. Course Pointer ..................................................... Set to inbound course (if not already set)
e. Mode Control Panel ......................................................... PRESS APR, verify VAPP armed
Hawker Beechcraft C90A, C90GT and C90GTi King Air
Page 76 of 124
190-00682-02 Rev. E
FAA APPROVED
IF Flying Full Approach Including Transition:
3. Airplane cleared to an initial approach fix
a. ACTIVATE THE APPROACH from the PROC page,
Or
ACTIVATE a DIRECT TO ( D ) the IAF
b. HSI CDI ........................................................................................ SELECT GPS nav source
c.
Mode Control Panel .................................................................... PRESS NAV (GPS mode)
d. When Established Inbound to the FAF ................................................. PRESS CDI softkey
until VOR navigation source to be used for the approach displays
(Autopilot / Flight Director Mode will automatically change to ROL)
e. Course Pointer ................................................................................... Set to inbound course
f.
Mode Control Panel .......................................... PRESS APR, verify VAPP active or armed
4. Established inbound on Final Approach Course
a. VERIFY .......................................................... Course Pointer is set to the inbound course
b. VERIFY ............................................................................. VOR is annunciated on the HSI
NOTE
If the Course Deviation Indicator (CDI) is greater than one dot from center, the autopilot
will arm the VAPP mode and indicate VAPP in white on the PFD. The pilot must ensure
that the current heading will result in a capture of the selected course. If the CDI is one
dot or less from center, the autopilot will enter the capture mode when the APR button is
pressed and annunciate VAPP in green on the PFD.
5. Airspeed.................................................MAINTAIN 110 KIAS OR GREATER (Recommended)
6. At the FAF..................................Use desired vertical mode to fly the approach’s vertical profile
Use Altitude Preselect to level off at intermediate altitudes and at the MDA
It is recommend to descend at 1000 ft/min or less. Descending at a higher rate or reaching
MDA too far before the Visual Descent Point (VDP) could cause TAWS alerts. If a TAWS
WARNING is issued, immediately follow the TAWS WARNING procedure in the
EMERGENCY PROCEDURES Section of this AFMS.
7. AFTER LEVELING AT MDA...................... SET Missed Approach Altitude In Altitude Preselect
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FAA APPROVED
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Page 77 of 124
BACK COURSE (BC)
1. Load the approach into the Active Flight Plan .................................... VERIFY the G1000 tunes
the proper LOC frequency
2. Approach Minimums ...............................................SET ON TMR/REF page (if not already set)
IF Flying Vectors-To-Final:
3. Airplane on Vectors-To-Final
a. Mode Control Panel .......................................................... PRESS HDG to fly radar vectors
b. PROC button on PFDs or MFD.......................SELECT ‘ACTIVATE VECTORS-TO-FINAL’
NOTE
SUSP may annunciate on the HSI when Vectors-To-Final is selected. The flight plan will
automatically unsuspend when the airplane intercepts and turns inbound on the final
approach course. When automatic flight plan waypoint sequencing resumes, SUSP will
extinguish.
c.
HSI CDI ...................................................................... PRESS until LOC Navigation Source
to be used for the Approach Displays
d. VERIFY ............................................................. Course Pointer is Set to the Front Course
e. Mode Control Panel ........................................................................................... PRESS BC,
Verify BC mode is armed
IF Flying Full Approach Including Transition:
3. Airplane cleared to an initial approach fix
a. ACTIVATE THE APPROACH from the PROC page,
Or
ACTIVATE a DIRECT TO ( D ) the IAF
b. HSI CDI .......................................................................................................... SELECT GPS
c.
Mode Control Panel .................................................................... PRESS NAV (GPS Mode)
d. Pathways ......................................................................................................... AS DESIRED
e. When Established Inbound to the FAF ................................................. PRESS CDI softkey
until LOC navigation source to be used for the approach displays
(Autopilot / Flight Director Mode will automatically change to ROL)
f.
VERIFY ............................................................. Course Pointer is set to the Front Course
g. Mode Control Panel ............................................................................................ PRESS BC
Verify BC mode is armed or active
4. Established inbound on Final Approach Course
a. VERIFY ................................................................. Course Pointer is set to the front course
b. VERIFY ............................................................................... LOC is annunciated on the HSI
Hawker Beechcraft C90A, C90GT and C90GTi King Air
Page 78 of 124
190-00682-02 Rev. E
FAA APPROVED
NOTE
If the Course Deviation Indicator (CDI) is greater than one dot from center, the autopilot
will arm the BC mode and indicate BC in white on the PFD. The pilot must ensure that
the current heading will result in a capture of the selected course. If the CDI is one dot or
less from center, the autopilot will enter the capture mode when the APR button is
pressed and annunciate BC in green on the PFD.
5. Airspeed.................................................MAINTAIN 110 KIAS OR GREATER (Recommended)
6. At the FAF..................................Use desired vertical mode to fly the approach’s vertical profile
Use Altitude Preselect to level off at intermediate altitudes and at the MDA
It is recommend to descend at 1000 ft/min or less. Descending at a higher rate or reaching
MDA too far before the Visual Descent Point (VDP) could cause TAWS alerts. If a TAWS
WARNING is issued, immediately follow the TAWS WARNING procedure in the
EMERGENCY PROCEDURES Section of this AFMS.
7. AFTER LEVELING AT MDA...................... SET Missed Approach Altitude In Altitude Preselect
GO AROUND (GA)
1. Control Wheel ................................................................................................... GRASP FIRMLY
2. GO AROUND button (left power lever) .................................. PUSH – Verify GA / / GA on PFD
in lateral and vertical mode fields
3. Rotate to Go Around attitude ........................................... Follow Flight Director Command Bars
4. Balked Landing ........................................................................................................... EXECUTE
5. Mode Control Panel ....................... PRESS NAV to Fly Published Missed Approach Procedure
PRESS HDG to Fly ATC Assigned Missed Approach Heading
NOTE
The pilot is responsible for initial missed approach guidance in accordance with published
procedure. The G1000 may not provide correct guidance until the aircraft is established
on a defined leg of the procedure.
6. Altitude Preselect ..................................................................VERIFY Set to appropriate altitude
At an appropriate safe altitude:
7. Mode Control Panel ................................................................................ AP to Engage Autopilot
NOTE
When the GA button is pressed, the autopilot disconnects, the Flight Director command
bars will command 8O nose up and wings level, the HSI nav source automatically
switches to GPS, the flight plan sequences to the first published missed approach leg,
and automatic leg sequencing resumes. The autopilot will disconnect if the ESP option
is not installed. If ESP is installed, the autopilot will not disconnect with a GA button
press. The AFCS will fly the published missed approach procedure once the aircraft is
established on a segment of the missed approach procedure, the autopilot is engaged,
and NAV mode is selected.
The flight plan can only contain one approach procedure at a time. If the pilot attempts
to load another instrument approach at this time, the airplane will depart from the missed
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FAA APPROVED
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Page 79 of 124
approach procedure and turn directly towards the first waypoint in the new approach.
Do not attempt to load or activate a new approach while flying the missed approach
procedure until ready to fly the new approach.
Recommended procedures following a missed approach:
1. To repeat the instrument approach procedure currently loaded into the flight plan
a.
b.
Activate Vectors-To-Final if being radar vectored by ATC,
Or
If flying the entire instrument approach procedure, activate a DIRECT TO the
desired initial waypoint. Follow the appropriate procedure for the instrument
approach being flown.
2. To proceed to an alternate airport. This procedure will allow the pilot to enter the route to
the alternate before leaving the missed approach holding fix.
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
Highlight the first enroute waypoint in the flight plan
Begin entering waypoints in the desired route order. Do not attempt to load a new
approach at this time.
CLR all waypoints after the last waypoint in the route to the alternate and the
currently loaded instrument approach header.
When ready to proceed to the alternate, highlight the first enroute waypoint in the
route to the alternate airport. ACTIVATE a DIRECT TO that waypoint.
When enroute to the alternate, a new instrument approach can now be loaded into
the flight plan.
AUTOPILOT COUPLED GO AROUND (GA) (ESP Equipped Airplanes Only)
1. Control Wheel ................................................................................................... GRASP FIRMLY
2. GO AROUND button (left power lever) .................................. PUSH – Verify GA / / GA on PFD
in lateral and vertical mode fields, autopilot will not disengage.
3. Autopilot ............................. VERIFY airplane pitches up following flight director command bars
4. Balked Landing ........................................................................................................... EXECUTE
5. Mode Control Panel ....................... PRESS NAV to Fly Published Missed Approach Procedure
PRESS HDG to Fly ATC Assigned Missed Approach Heading
NOTE
The pilot is responsible for initial missed approach guidance in accordance with published
procedure. The G1000 may not provide correct guidance until the airplane is
established on a defined leg of the procedure.
6. Altitude Preselect ..................................................................VERIFY Set to appropriate altitude
Hawker Beechcraft C90A, C90GT and C90GTi King Air
Page 80 of 124
190-00682-02 Rev. E
FAA APPROVED
NOTE
In ESP equipped airplanes, when the GA button is pressed the Flight Director command bars
will command 8° nose up and wings level, the HSI nav source automatically switches to GPS,
the flight plan sequences to the first published missed approach leg, and automatic leg
sequencing resumes. The autopilot will remain engaged, and fly the published missed
approach procedure once the airplane is established on a segment of the missed approach
procedure and NAV mode is selected.
The flight plan can only contain one approach procedure at a time. If the pilot attempts
to load another instrument approach at this time, the airplane will depart from the missed
approach procedure and turn directly towards the first waypoint in the new approach.
Do not attempt to load or activate a new approach while flying the missed approach
procedure until ready to fly the new approach.
Recommended Procedures Following a Missed Approach:
1. To repeat the instrument approach procedure currently loaded into the flight plan:
a.
b.
Activate Vectors-To-Final if being radar vectored by ATC,
Or
If flying the entire instrument approach procedure, activate a DIRECT TO the
desired initial waypoint. Follow the appropriate procedure for the instrument
approach being flown.
2. To proceed to an alternate airport (This procedure will allow the pilot to enter the route to the
alternate before leaving the missed approach holding fix):
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
Highlight the first enroute waypoint in the flight plan
Begin entering waypoints in the desired route order. Do not attempt to load a new
approach at this time.
CLR all waypoints after the last waypoint in the route to the alternate and the
currently loaded instrument approach header.
When ready to proceed to the alternate, highlight the first enroute waypoint in the
route to the alternate airport. ACTIVATE a DIRECT TO that waypoint.
When enroute to the alternate, a new instrument approach may be loaded into the
flight plan.
190-00682-02 Rev. E
FAA APPROVED
Hawker Beechcraft C90A, C90GT and C90GTi King Air
Page 81 of 124
SYNTHETIC VISION
Use of Pathways
If Synthetic Terrain is displayed on the PFD, the Pathways may be used to assist the pilot’s awareness of
the programmed lateral and vertical navigation path. The following sections describe the basic use of
the Pathways in various flight segments. For more detailed information, consult the G1000 Pilot’s Guide.
Departure
Prior to departure, load and activate the desired flight plan into the G1000 FMS, set the initial altitude on
the G1000 altitude selector and select GPS on the HSI display just as you would without the SVS system.
The programmed flight path will be displayed as a series of magenta boxes along the path at the flight
plan altitude subject to the following conditions;
•
If the first segment of the flight plan is a heading to altitude leg, the Pathway will not be displayed
for that segment. The first Pathway segment displayed will be the first GPS course leg.
•
The Pathway must be within the SVS field of view of 30 degrees left and 35 degrees right. If the
programmed path is outside that field of view, the Pathways will not be visible on the display until
the aircraft has turned toward the course.
•
The Pathway will be displayed at either the altitude selected on the G1000 selector OR the
altitude published for the procedure (e.g. SID) WHICHEVER IS HIGHER.
After departure, the primary aircraft control must be by reference to the primary aircraft instruments. The
SVS and Pathway displays should be used to aid in awareness of the terrain and programmed flight path.
Prior to intercepting the programmed course, the Pathway will be displayed as a series of magenta
“boxes” with pointers at each corner that point in the direction of the programmed course. The Pathway
boxes will not be displayed on portions of the course line that would lead the pilot to intercept the course
in the wrong direction.
As the aircraft approaches the center of the programmed course and altitude, the number of Pathway
boxes will decrease to a minimum of four.
Enroute
When enroute, the Pathway will be displayed along the lateral path defined by the flight plan, at the
altitude selected on the G1000 altitude selector.
Flight plan changes in altitude that require a climb will be indicated by the Pathway being displayed as a
level path at the altitude entered for the current flight plan leg. Because the G1000 system does not
have information available to it about aircraft performance, climb profiles are not displayed by the
Pathway.
If the programmed flight plan includes one or more defined VNAV descent segments, the descent path(s)
will be displayed by the Pathway as prompted by the G1000 FMS.
If the flight plan includes a significant change in course at a waypoint, the Pathway boxes toward the
currently active waypoint will be magenta in color. The boxes defining the next flight plan segment may
be visible, but will be displayed in a white color.
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190-00682-02 Rev. E
FAA APPROVED
Leg 2
Leg 3
TOD
Leg 1
VPTH displayed by Pathway
Climb NOT displayed by Pathway
Enroute Pathway Altitude Display
Approach
During an approach transition with the GPS CDI active, the Pathway will be displayed along the lateral
path defined by the flight plan, at the altitude selected on the G1000 altitude selector. Pathway will be
displayed at least up to the Final Approach Fix on all instrument approach procedures.
For ILS, LNAV/VNAV, LNAV+V and LPV approaches, the Pathway will display the lateral and vertical
descent segments from the glideslope or glidepath intercept altitude, down to the Decision Altitude. For
all other non-precision approaches, Pathway will not display beyond the Final Approach Fix until the
missed approach segment become active.
In all cases, the pilot must still ensure that the aircraft complies with the requirements of the published
instrument approach procedure.
Missed approach
When the missed approach is selected on the G1000 FMS, the Pathway to the Missed Approach Holding
Point will be displayed just as described for the departure segment.
The pilot must assure that the aircraft path will, at all times, comply with the requirements of the published
missed approach procedure.
If the initial missed approach leg is heading-to-altitude or a leg defined by other than a GPS course, the
Pathway will not be displayed for that segment.
If the course to the Missed Approach Holding Point is out of the SVS field of view during the initial missed
approach climb, the Pathway will not be visible on the PFD until the aircraft is turned toward the course.
The Pathway will be displayed at the published missed approach altitude OR the altitude set on the
G1000 altitude selector WHICHEVER IS HIGHER. If the G1000 altitude selector is set to MDA on the
final approach segment and not reset during the initial missed approach, the Pathway will still be
displayed at the published missed approach altitude.
190-00682-02 Rev. E
FAA APPROVED
Hawker Beechcraft C90A, C90GT and C90GTi King Air
Page 83 of 124
FAF
ALTITUDE
MAP
Heading
Pathway NOT displayed on heading
and turn segments
MAHP
Missed Approach Pathway Display
Hawker Beechcraft C90A, C90GT and C90GTi King Air
Page 84 of 124
190-00682-02 Rev. E
FAA APPROVED
Section 5 - Performance
No Change. Refer to basic Aircraft Flight Manual or appropriate supplement.
Section 6 - Weight and Balance
No Change. Refer to basic Aircraft Flight Manual or appropriate supplement
190-00682-02 Rev. E
Hawker Beechcraft C90A, C90GT and C90GTi King Air
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190-00682-02 Rev. E
Section 7 - Systems Description
Table of contents
GENERAL ..................................................................................................................... 88
G1000 INTEGRATED AVIONICS ................................................................................. 88
SYSTEM OVERVIEW ............................................................................................................................. 88
INSTRUMENT PANEL ............................................................................................................................ 88
FLIGHT CONTROLS .................................................................................................. 103
AFCS, AUTOPILOT AND FLIGHT DIRECTOR ................................................................................... 103
ELECTRIC ELEVATOR TRIM .............................................................................................................. 106
ELECTRONIC STABILITY & PROTECTION (ESP) ............................................................................ 107
FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS ............................................................................................ 110
G1000 FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS........................................................................................................... 110
STANDBY FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS .................................................................................................... 110
ENGINE INSTRUMENTATION ................................................................................... 111
PROPELLER SYNCHROPHASER ...................................................................................................... 112
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM .............................................................................................. 112
INVERTERS .......................................................................................................................................... 112
POWER DISTRIBUTION ...................................................................................................................... 112
STANDBY BATTERY POWER SUPPLY ............................................................................................. 117
LIGHTING SYSTEMS ................................................................................................. 118
COCKPIT .............................................................................................................................................. 118
PITOT AND STATIC SYSTEM ................................................................................... 119
PITOT .................................................................................................................................................... 119
STATIC .................................................................................................................................................. 119
GROUND COMMUNICATIONS .................................................................................. 119
SYNTHETIC VISION ................................................................................................... 120
190-00682-02 Rev. E
Hawker Beechcraft C90A, C90GT and C90GTi King Air
Page 87 of 124
GENERAL
This section supplements the Systems Description chapter in the airplanes original Pilot’s Operating
Handbook and FAA Approved Airplane Flight Manual. This section will follow the format and layout of
the chapter in the original manual. Only topics changed by the installation of the G1000 integrated
avionics system will be addressed in this supplement.
The G1000 system is an integrated system that presents flight instrumentation, navigation,
communication, weather avoidance, engine instrumentation, and supplemental flight information to the
pilot for enhanced situational awareness through large-format displays. The G1000 also incorporates an
automatic flight control system that includes autopilot and flight director functions. Refer to the Garmin
Pilot’s Guide and Cockpit Reference Guide, P/N 190-00663-02 and 190-00664-02 Rev. A or later FAA
approved revision for detailed descriptions of the Garmin G1000 system including its components,
detailed descriptions of functions, and operating instructions.
G1000 INTEGRATED AVIONICS
SYSTEM OVERVIEW
The main components of the G1000 Integrated Avionics system consists of 14 Line Replaceable Units
(LRU)s. Seven of those LRUs are mounted in the cockpit and interface the pilot to the G1000 system.
There are two Primary Flight Displays (PFDs) that display primary flight information to the pilot such as
attitude, airspeed, altitude, heading, vertical speed, navigation information, system information, and pilot
situational awareness information. In the center of the cockpit, a 15 inch Multi-Function Display (MFD)
displays engine gauges, flight plan data, various map displays, and access to aviation and weather
information. Information access and data entry through the MFD is via the GCU 475 MFD controller
mounted in the pedestal between the pilot’s seats.
Communications is interfaced through the PFD’s and two audio panels mounted outside each PFD.
Radio tuning is through the PFDs and audio from the Com radios, Nav radios, ADF, intercom, and XM
music is controlled by the two audio panels.
The G1000 incorporates a fully digital integrated autopilot and flight director. Pilot interface to the AFCS
is through the GMC 710 Autopilot Mode controller mounted in the center of the cockpit just below the
airplane’s glareshield.
In addition to dual Primary Flight Displays, the system incorporates dual Air Data Computers (GDC), Dual
AHRS (GRS), and Dual Integrated Avionics (GIA) units for system redundancy. Each GIA contains a
VHF COM radio, a VHF NAV radio, Glide Slope receiver, Marker Beacon receiver, and a SBAS
augmented GPS receiver.
Finally, the G1000 system includes weather radar and satellite downlinked weather information for
weather avoidance and situational awareness.
INSTRUMENT PANEL
The G1000 Instrument Panel consists of two 10 inch LCD Primary Flight Displays, one 15 inch LCD
Multi-Function Display, two audio panels, and autopilot / flight director mode control panel, an MFD
controller, and three 2 ¼ inch standby instruments. The ADF control head has been relocated from the
radio stack location on the instrument panel to the pedestal.
Hawker Beechcraft C90A, C90GT and C90GTi King Air
Page 88 of 124
190-00682-02 Rev. E
Figure 1, Instrument Panel
190-00682-02 Rev. E
Hawker Beechcraft C90A, C90GT and C90GTi King Air
Page 89 of 124
Figure 2, Pilot's Control Wheel
Hawker Beechcraft C90A, C90GT and C90GTi King Air
Page 90 of 124
190-00682-02 Rev. E
Figure 3, Copilot's Control Wheel With Trim Switches
190-00682-02 Rev. E
Hawker Beechcraft C90A, C90GT and C90GTi King Air
Page 91 of 124
Figure 4, Copilot's Control Wheel Without Trim Switches
Hawker Beechcraft C90A, C90GT and C90GTi King Air
Page 92 of 124
190-00682-02 Rev. E
Figure 5, Overhead Light Control Panel
190-00682-02 Rev. E
Hawker Beechcraft C90A, C90GT and C90GTi King Air
Page 93 of 124
Figure 6, Left Side Circuit Breaker Panel (SN LJ-1361, LJ-1363 thru LJ-1846 and
LJ-1848 thru LJ-1852)
Hawker Beechcraft C90A, C90GT and C90GTi King Air
Page 94 of 124
190-00682-02 Rev. E
Figure 7, Left Side Circuit Breaker Panel (Alternate Configuration SN LJ-1361, LJ-1363
thru LJ-1846 and LJ-1848 thru LJ-1852)
190-00682-02 Rev. E
Hawker Beechcraft C90A, C90GT and C90GTi King Air
Page 95 of 124
CLOSED
FIREWALL
SHUTOFF
VALVE
OPEN
5
FIRE
WALL
VALVE
10
BOOST
PUMP
5
TRANS
PUMP
5
CROSS
FEED
5
PRESS
WARN
ENG
INST
SIGNAL
COND
5
TORQUE
5
RIGHT
5
5
5
FUEL SYSTEM
ENGINE INSTRUMENTS
LEFT
5
PRESS
WARN
5
LEFT
5
QTY
IND
5
5
TRANS
PUMP
RIGHT
OIL
PRESSURE
5
5
QTY
IND
10
BOOST
PUMP
5
FIRE
WALL
VALVE
CLOSED
FIREWALL
SHUTOFF
VALVE
OPEN
Figure 8, Left Side Circuit Breaker Panel (SN LJ-1847, LJ-1853 & After)
Hawker Beechcraft C90A, C90GT and C90GTi King Air
Page 96 of 124
190-00682-02 Rev. E
BUS
TPL FED
L GEN
R GEN
BAT
CLOSED
FIREWALL
SHUTOFF
VALVE
OPEN
5
FIRE
WALL
VALVE
10
BOOST
PUMP
5
TRANS
PUMP
LEFT
5
QTY
IND
5
PRESS
WARN
FUEL SYSTEM
5
CROSS
FEED
5
PRESS
WARN
5
QTY
IND
RIGHT
5
TRANS
PUMP
10
BOOST
PUMP
5
FIRE
WALL
VALVE
CLOSED
FIREWALL
SHUTOFF
VALVE
OPEN
Figure 9, Right Side Circuit Breaker Panel (SN LJ-1361, LJ-1363 thru LJ-1846 and
LJ-1848 thru LJ-1852)
190-00682-02 Rev. E
Hawker Beechcraft C90A, C90GT and C90GTi King Air
Page 97 of 124
Figure 10, Right Side Circuit Breaker Panel (SN LJ-1063 thru LJ-1360, & LJ-1362 )
Hawker Beechcraft C90A, C90GT and C90GTi King Air
Page 98 of 124
190-00682-02 Rev. E
Figure 11, Right Side Circuit Breaker Panel (Alternate Configuration SN LJ-1063 thru
LJ-1360, & LJ-1362)
190-00682-02 Rev. E
Hawker Beechcraft C90A, C90GT and C90GTi King Air
Page 99 of 124
GEN 2
GEN 1
BAT
BAT
GEN 2
GEN 1
BAT
BAT
ANN
5
IND
LANDING
GEAR
5
IND
IND &
CONTROL
MOTOR
RIGHT
5
BLEED
AIR
CONTROL
5
LEFT
5
20
RUDDER
FLAP
FLAP
5
CONTROL
5
ENVIRONMENTAL
TEMP
PRESS
BOOST
5
WARN
5
STALL
FLIGHT
7.5
POWER
5
WARN
WARNING
5
LEFT
STBY
INSTR
PFD
SYNC
5
PROP
RIGHT
5
10
5
FLUOR
5
INDIRECT
LIGHTER
5
CIGAR
10
TOILET
FURNISHING
5
ICE
CABIN
INSTR
RIGHT
RIGHT
WIPER
DEICE
5
RIGHT
RIGHT
FUEL
VENT
5
LEFT
10
5
WEATHER
SURF
WSHLD
5
5
CHIP
DETR
5
LEFT
RIGHT
5
OIL
PRESS
5
LEFT
15
LDG
15
LEFT
15
TAXI
CONSOLE & CLKS READING
7.5
ANTI
ICE
5
LEFT
RIGHT
5
ENG
INST
SIGNAL
COND
5
5
LEFT
5
LEFT
NO SMK
SUB PNL
OVHD & SIDE PNL FSB &
5
MFD
RIGHT
5
7.5
PIL & CP
LIGHTS
RIGHT
7.5
START IGNITOR
CONTROL POWER
7.5
LEFT
ENGINES
5
LEFT
TEST
5
PROP
GOV
FEATHER
5
AUTO
RIGHT
5
7.5
BUS
TIE
7.5
7.5
BUS
TIE
POWER
7.5
CONTROL
BUS
TIE
POWER
7.5
RESET
5
ELECTRICAL
GEN
IND
RIGHT
7.5
FUEL
TORQUE
CONTROL
METER
HEAT
7.5
LEFT
RIGHT
5
FUEL
FLOW
5
LEFT
NO 2
NO 2
5
5
ADC 1
5
GIA 2
SECONDARY POWER
5
AHRS 1
AUDIO
MASTER
CABIN
5
ADC 2
5
PFD 1
5
2
2
ALTM
ADF
5
AUX BAT
15
STBY
1
ALTM
CTL
GIA 1
STBY
1
2
ATT
CTL
MODE
STBY
1
5
FMS
2
SKY
WATCH
5
SERVOS
AFCS
NO 1
STORM
SCOPE
NO 2
5
XPDR
NO 1
5
XPDR
2
DME
NO 2
5
AUDIO
NO 1
5
AUDIO
5
GIA 1
RADIO
5
5
AVIONICS
5
AHRS 2
5
LINK
DATA
NO 3
25
AVIONICS RADAR
5
25
COMM
NO 1
NO 1
AVIONICS
5
COMM
25
AVIONICS
1
PFD 2
5
ADC 1
PRIMARY POWER
5
AHRS 1
FAN
MFD
RIGHT
1
PFD/GIA
FANS
1
LEFT
5
MFD
5
PFD 1
AVIONICS
Figure 12, Right Side Circuit Breaker Panel (SN LJ-1847, LJ-1853 & After)
Hawker Beechcraft C90A, C90GT and C90GTi King Air
Page 100 of 124
190-00682-02 Rev. E
BUS
TPL FED
L GEN
R GEN
BAT
ANN
5
IND
LANDING
GEAR
5
IND
7.5
WARN
OIL
PRESS
WARN
RIGHT
7.5
5
5
LIGHTER
5
CIGAR
10
TOILET
RIGHT
FURNISHING
5
5
PRESS
CONTROL
5
7.5
CABIN
15
TAXI
RIGHT
5
FUEL
VENT
5
DEICE
5
SURF
WIPER
10
WEATHER
LEFT
WSHLD
ANN
5
AVIONIC
5
ICE
RIGHT
5
ANTI
ICE
5
RIGHT
15
LDG
15
LEFT
RIGHT
5
CHIP
DETR
5
LEFT
RIGHT
RIGHT
LEFT
5
7.5
LIGHTS
RIGHT
7.5
FUEL
CNTR
HEAT
7.5
LEFT
5
LEFT
START IGNITOR
CONTROL POWER
7.5
5
DET
LEFT
FIRE
INDIRECT LIGHTS
5
INSTR
BOOST
TEMP
ELECTRICAL
GEN
CONTROL
5
5
IND &
CONTROL
MOTOR
RUDDER
5
20
OUTSIDE
AIR
FLAP
BUS TIE
RESET
ENVIRONMENTAL
LEFT
TEMP
BUS
TIE
POWER
7.5
5
5
5
STALL
LEFT
FLAP
BUS
BLEED
TIE
AIR
POWER CONTROL
7.5
7.5
IND
7.5
5
FLIGHT
POWER
WARN
WARNING
5
SUB PNL
OVHD &
RIGHT
5
SIGNAL
COND
5
LEFT
RIGHT
5
OIL
PRESS
5
LEFT
INSTR
5
READING
10
NO SMK
COPLT FLT FSB &
SIDE PNL CONSOLE
5
PLT FLT
SYNC
5
PROP
RIGHT
5
TORQUE
METER
5
LEFT
ENGINES
1
5
ADC 1
NO 1
5
NO 2
5
5
PFD 1
7.5
1
5
ADC 1
WARN
SECONDARY POWER
5
AHRS 1
AUDIO
3
RCDR
5
MASTER
5
AURAL
GIA 2
5
2
ADF
NO 1
2
DME
NO 2
5
AUDIO
NO 1
5
AUDIO
5
GIA 1
ADC 2
ALTM
2
RADIO
5
CABIN
5
AHRS 2
LINK
5
DATA
TPL FED
30
AVIONICS
BUS
RADAR
TPL FED
30
AVIONICS
COMM
BUS
TPL FED
25
AVIONICS
COMM
BUS
VOICE
AVIONICS
5
PFD 2
FAN
5
STBY
INSTR
MFD
RIGHT
1
PFD/GIA
FANS
1
LEFT
5
MFD
5
5
PRIMARY POWER
AHRS 1
PFD 1
MFD
RIGHT
5
ENG
INST
5
LEFT
TEST
5
PROP
GOV
FEATHER
5
AUTO
AVIONICS
1
5
GIA 1
CTL
AUX BAT
15
STBY
ALTM
1
STBY
2
ATT
CTL
MODE
STBY
1
5
SKY
WATCH
SERVOS
5
AFCS
FMS
3
STORM
SCOPE
NO 2
5
XPDR
NO 1
5
XPDR
Figure 13, Pedestal
190-00682-02 Rev. E
Hawker Beechcraft C90A, C90GT and C90GTi King Air
Page 101 of 124
Figure 14, GFC 700 System Interface
Hawker Beechcraft C90A, C90GT and C90GTi King Air
Page 102 of 124
190-00682-02 Rev. E
FLIGHT CONTROLS
AFCS, AUTOPILOT AND FLIGHT DIRECTOR
The GFC 700 is a digital Automatic Flight Control System (AFCS), fully integrated within the G1000
System avionics architecture. The GFC 700 is a three axis autopilot and flight director system which
provides the pilot with the following features:
Autopilot (AP) — Autopilot operation occurs within the pitch, roll, and pitch trim servos. It also provides
servo monitoring and automatic flight control in response to flight director steering commands, AHRS
attitude and rate information, and airspeed.
Flight Director (FD) - Two flight directors, each operating independently within their respective GIA and
referred to as pilot-side and copilot-side. Commands for the selected flight director are displayed on both
PFDs.
The flight director provides:
•
Command Bars showing pitch/roll guidance
•
Vertical/lateral mode selection and processing
•
Autopilot communication
Yaw Damper (YD) — The yaw servo is self-monitoring and provides Dutch roll damping and turn
coordination in response to yaw rate, roll angle, vertical acceleration, and airspeed.
Electric Pitch Trim — The pitch trim servo provides manual electric pitch trim capability when the autopilot
is not engaged.
Pilot commands to the AFCS are entered through the GMC 710 Autopilot Mode Controller mounted in the
center of the cockpit under the airplane’s glareshield. The GMC 710 controller also controls the heading
bug, navigation course selector on each PFD, and the altitude preselect.
Other components of the autopilot include four servos that also contain autopilot processor, control
wheel-mounted elevator trim switches (copilot’s side optional), control wheel-mounted autopilot/yaw
damper disconnect and trim interrupt switch (A/P Y/D DISC/TRIM INTRPT), control wheel-mounted CWS
(Control Wheel Steering) switch, and a go-around switch mounted in the left power lever knob.
The following conditions will cause the autopilot to disconnect:
•
Electrical power failure, including pulling the AFCS circuit breaker
•
Electrical power failure to the GMC 710 Autopilot Mode Controller, including pulling the MODE CTL
circuit breaker
•
Internal autopilot system failure
•
Malfunction of either AHRS (two fully functional AHRS are required for the autopilot to function)
•
Failure of the on-side PFD
•
Depressing the red A/P Y/D DISC/TRIM INTRPT button on the pilot’s or copilot’s (if installed)
control wheel
•
Actuating the left section of the manual electric trim split switch, pilot’s and copilot’s control wheel
•
Pushing the AP button on the autopilot mode controller when the autopilot is engaged
•
Pushing the GO AROUND button on the left power lever (Non-ESP Equipped Airplanes)
•
Turning OFF the Avionics Master Power Switch
190-00682-02 Rev. E
Hawker Beechcraft C90A, C90GT and C90GTi King Air
Page 103 of 124
CAUTION
Turning OFF the Avionics Master Power Switch will cause the autopilot to abnormally disconnect and
the yaw damper to disconnect. An abnormal autopilot disconnect is normally annunciated visually by a
red flashing ‘AP’ in the PFD FD mode window and a continuous high-low tone. However, when the
Avionics Master Power Switch is turned OFF, electrical power is removed from the audio panels
preventing the autopilot disconnect tone from being heard.
NOTE
Pressing and holding the CWS (control wheel steering) switch on the left grip of the pilot’s
control wheel will disconnect the autopilot servos from the airplane flight controls as long as
the CWS switch is depressed. Upon release of the CWS switch, the system will synchronize
to the existing pitch and roll modes selected. Review the GFC700 Cockpit Reference Guide
for more information.
The following tables list the available AFCS vertical and lateral modes with their corresponding controls
and annunciations. The mode reference is displayed next to the active mode annunciation for Altitude
Hold, Vertical Speed, and Flight Level Change modes. The NOSE UP/DN Wheel can be used to change
the vertical mode reference while operating under Pitch Hold, Vertical Speed, or Flight Level Change
Mode. Increments of change and acceptable ranges of values for each of these references using the
NOSE UP/DN Wheel are also listed in the table.
AFCS VERTICAL MODES
Vertical Mode
Pitch Hold
Control
Annunciation
(default)
PIT
Reference Range
20° Nose up
15° Nose Down
0 fpm
Reference Change
Increment
0.5°
Level
***
LVL
Selected Altitude
*
ALTS
Capture
Altitude Hold
ALT Key
ALT nnnnn FT
Vertical Speed
VS Key
VS nnnn FPM
-4000 to +4000 fpm
100 fpm
Flight Level
FLC nnn KT
100 to 226 kt
1 kt
Change, IAS Hold
FLC Key
Flight Level
Change, Mach
FLC M 0.nn
M 0.25 to 0.46
M0.01
Hold
Vertical Path
VNV Key
VPTH
Tracking (VNAV)
VNV Target
**
ALTV
Altitude Capture
Glidepath
GP
APR Key
Glideslope
GS
Takeoff (on
TO
ground)
GA Switch
Go Around (in air)
GA
* ALTS arms automatically when PIT, VS, FLC, TO, or GA is active, and under VPTH when the Selected
Altitude is to be captured instead of the VNV Target Altitude.
** ALTV arms automatically under VPTH when the VNV Target Altitude is to be captured instead of the
Selected Altitude.
*** ESP equipped aircraft only. LVL mode is entered from an automatic engagement of the autopilot due
to the aircraft remaining outside of the normal flight envelope for approximately 10 seconds.
Hawker Beechcraft C90A, C90GT and C90GTi King Air
Page 104 of 124
190-00682-02 Rev. E
AFCS LATERAL MODES
Lateral Mode
Roll Mode
Level
Low Bank
Heading Select
Approach, ILS Arm/Capture/Track (Glideslope
Mode Automatically Armed)
Takeoff (on ground)
Go Around (in air)
Wings Level
ROL
**
LVL
BANK Key
*
HDG Key
HDG
GPS
NAV Key
VOR
LOC
BC Key
Approach, GPS Arm/Capture/Track (Glidepath
Mode Automatically Armed, if available)
Approach, VOR Arm/Capture/Track
GA
(default)
Navigation, LOC Arm/Capture/Track (No
Glideslope)
Backcourse Arm/Capture/Track
TO
Annunciation
Navigation, GPS Arm/Capture/Track
Navigation, VOR Enroute Arm/Capture/Track
Maximum Roll
Command Limit
25 ° Left Bank
25° Right Bank
0° Roll
15° Left Bank
15° Right Bank
25° Left Bank
25° Right Bank
30° Left Bank
30° Right Bank
25° Left Bank
25° Right Bank
25° Left Bank
25° Right Bank
25° Left Bank
25° Right Bank
30° Left Bank
30° Right Bank
25° Left Bank
25° Right Bank
25° Left Bank
25° Right Bank
Wings Level
Control
BC
GPS
APR Key
VAPP
LOC
GA Switch
* No annunciation appears in the AFCS Status Box. The commandable bank angle range is indicated by
a green band along the Roll Scale of the Attitude Indicator.
** ESP equipped aircraft only. LVL mode is entered from an automatic engagement of the autopilot due
to the aircraft remaining outside of the normal flight envelope for approximately 10 seconds.
The CWS Button does not change lateral references for Heading Select, Navigation, Backcourse, or
Approach modes. The autopilot guides the aircraft back to the Selected Heading/Course upon release of
the CWS Button.
The autopilot may be engaged within the following ranges:
Pitch 50° nose up to 50° nose down
Roll ±75°
If the above pitch or roll limits are exceeded while the autopilot is engaged, the autopilot will disconnect.
Engaging the autopilot outside of its command limits, but within its engagement limits, will cause the
autopilot to return the aircraft within command limits. The autopilot is capable of commanding the aircraft
in the following ranges:
Pitch 20° nose up to 15° nose down
Roll ±25°, or ±30° while using a GPS lateral mode
The Flight Director is not designed to perform unusual attitude recoveries from attitudes outside the
following range:
Pitch 50° nose up to 50° nose down
Roll ±75°
190-00682-02 Rev. E
Hawker Beechcraft C90A, C90GT and C90GTi King Air
Page 105 of 124
If the above pitch or roll limits are exceeded with the flight director displayed on either PFD or the MFD,
the flight director will be removed (decluttered) from the display until the aircraft is within display limits.
ELECTRIC ELEVATOR TRIM
The electric elevator trim is standard with the G1000 system installation. The electric elevator trim can
be operated manually by the pilot using the pitch trim switches on the control wheel, or, automatically by
the autopilot. Electric Elevator trim switches are optional on the copilot’s control wheel. If pitch trim
switches are installed on the copilot’s control wheel, the pilot’s pitch trim inputs override those made by
the copilot
The ON/OFF toggle switch on the pedestal has been removed. Electric elevator trim will function if the
AFCS circuit breaker (right side circuit breaker panel) is set and the autopilot has satisfactorily completed
a preflight test.
Pitch trim rocker switches on the pilot’s control wheel manually control the electric elevator trim system.
NOSE DN at the top of the rocker switch, when depressed causes the elevator pitch trim servo to move
the trim tab in the upward direction resulting in the nose of the airplane pitching downward. The control
column will move in the forward direction and the pitch trim wheel will move forward in the nose down
direction. Depressing NOSE UP at the bottom of the rocker switch results in the opposite of the previous
motions with the airplane nose pitching up.
Runaway or malfunctioning trim can be interrupted by pressing and holding the red A/P Y/D DISC TRIM
INTRPT switch on either control wheel. Pulling the AFCS circuit breaker on the right side circuit breaker
panel will disable the electric elevator trim so it will not move when the TRIM INTRPT switch is released.
Figure 15, Electric Trim Switches, Pilot's Control Wheel
Hawker Beechcraft C90A, C90GT and C90GTi King Air
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ELECTRONIC STABILITY & PROTECTION (ESP)
Electronic Stability and Protection (ESP) is an optional function on a GFC-700-equipped airplane that
uses the autopilot servos to assist the pilot in maintaining the airplane in a safe flight condition within the
aircraft’s normal pitch, roll and airspeed envelopes.
Electronic Stability and Protection is invoked when the pilot allows the airplane to exceed one or more
conditions beyond normal flight defined below:
•
Pitch attitude beyond normal flight (+17°, -15°)
•
Roll attitude beyond normal flight (45°)
•
High airspeed beyond normal flight (Above 229 KIAS or .47M)
The conditions that are required for ESP to be available are:
•
Pitch and Roll servos available
•
Autopilot not engaged
•
The Global Positioning System (GPS) altitude above ground (based on TAWS terrain data base)
is more than 200 feet
•
Aircraft is within the autopilot engagement envelope (+/-50° in pitch and +/-75° in roll)
Protection for excessive pitch, roll, and high airspeed is provided when the limit thresholds are first
exceeded, which engages the appropriate servo in ESP mode at a nominal torque level to bring the
airplane back within the normal flight envelope. If the airplane deviates further from the normal flight
envelope, the servo torque will increase until the maximum torque level is reached in an attempt to return
the aircraft into the normal flight envelope. Once the aircraft returns to within the normal flight envelope,
ESP will deactivate the autopilot servos.
When the normal flight envelope thresholds have been exceeded for more than 10 seconds, ESP
Autolevel Mode is activated. Autolevel Mode engages the AFCS to bring the airplane back into straight
and level flight based on 0° roll angle and 0 fpm vertical speed. An aural “ENGAGING AUTOPILOT”
alert sounds and the Flight Director mode annunciation will indicate LVL for the pitch and roll modes.
Anytime an ESP mode is active, the pilot can interrupt ESP by using either the Control Wheel Steering
(CWS) or Autopilot Disconnect (AP DISC) switch. ESP may also be overridden by simply overpowering
the flight controls. The pilot may also disable ESP by accessing the Multi-Function Display (MFD) AUX –
SYSTEM SETUP 2 page on the MFD and manually disabling ESP. Once the flight has ended and
power is removed from the G1000 system, ESP will default to “Enabled” on the next power-up.
GDU displayed in the examples are to provide position reference for the ESP system symbology. The
values indicated are not representative of a condition required to activate ESP.
•
When the GDU receives information from the GIA indicating that ESP is not armed, the GDU will
not display ESP indications.
•
When the GDU receives information from the GIA indicating that ESP is armed, the GDU will
display the ESP roll limit indices.
The engagement and disengagement attitude limits are displayed with double hash marks on the roll
indicator depending on the aircraft attitude and whether or not ESP is active in roll. When ESP is
inactive (roll attitude within nominal limits) only the engagement limit indications are
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displayed in order to reduce clutter on the roll indicator. See Figure 16 for an example of the ESP
engagement limit indications.
Engagement Limit
Indication at 45°
Figure 16 – Nominal Roll Attitude ESP Engagement Limit Indications
Once ESP becomes active in roll, the engagement limit indication that was crossed (either left or right) will
move to the lower disengagement limit indication over a period of 1 second. The opposite roll limit
remains at the engagement limit. Figure 17 shows the engagement limit indication just prior to ESP
activation (left image) and just after ESP activation (right image 1 second after ESP activation).
Engagement Limit Indication still at
45° just prior to activation
Lower Disengagement Limit
Indication depicted at 30° after ESP
activation
Figure 17 – Engagement Limit Indications Upon ESP Activation
Hawker Beechcraft C90A, C90GT and C90GTi King Air
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190-00682-02 Rev. E
If an attitude becomes extreme enough for the upper disengagement limit indication to be shown it will be
drawn in a similar fashion to the engagement limit indication. See for an example of the ESP roll
indication when ESP is active with an extreme positive roll attitude. In this case, the left roll limit is the
engagement limit and the two right roll ESP limits are the lower and upper disengagement limit
indications.
Upper Disengagement
Limit Indication
depicted at 75°.
Figure 18 – Minimum and Maximum Roll Attitude ESP Disengagement Limit Indications
The ESP roll limit indications are not de-cluttered when the aircraft is in an extreme attitude. ESP roll
limit indications are not shown when ESP is not configured for a given installation, ESP is not available as
determined by the active GIA, or the autopilot is engaged.
Autopilot Underspeed Protection
For aircraft that have ESP installed, the AFCS is able to detect and protect against underspeed situations
while the autopilot is engaged.
When the AFCS is engaged in a non-altitude critical mode (LVL, PIT, FLC, VS, VNV) and airspeed falls
below the minimum threshold of 90 KIAS, the AFCS automatically enters minimum airspeed mode. A
MINSPD annunciation appears above the airspeed tape, and the AFCS causes the airplane to pitch down
to maintain 90 KIAS. An aural “AIRSPEED” alert will sound once when entering non-altitude critical
Underspeed Protection.
If the AFCS is engaged in an altitude critical mode ( ALT, GS, GP and GA) and the aural stall warning is
played for more than 1 second, the AFCS will maintain a wings-level roll attitude and pitch the aircraft
down at ~1kt/sec to maintain an airspeed that will cause the aural stall warning to stop playing, plus 2
KIAS. Also, an aural “AIRSPEED” alert will sound every 5 seconds.
All Underspeed Protection modes are exited automatically when there is enough aircraft performance to
follow the originally selected flight director mode and reference.
Coupled Go-Around
ESP equipped aircraft are capable of flying fully coupled go-around maneuvers. Pressing the GA button
on the left power lever will not disengage the autopilot. Instead, the AP will attempt to capture and track
the flight director command bars. If insufficient aircraft performance is available to follow the commands,
the AFCS will enter altitude-critical Underspeed Protection mode if stall warning occurs. GA mode is the
only ESP-associated mode that can be engaged below 200’ AGL GPS altitude.
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FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS
G1000 FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS
The flight instruments are an integrated part of the G1000 system. For system descriptions, operating
instructions, and abnormal failure indication refer to the Cockpit Reference Guide.
STANDBY FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS
There are three 2 ¼ inch standby instruments that are located directly to
the right of the pilot’s Primary Flight Display arranged vertically, standby
attitude indicator, standby altimeter, and standby airspeed indicator.
A standby attitude indicator located at the top of the stack is normally
powered by the triple fed buss. In the event of total loss of aircraft
electrical power, there is a standby battery that will power the standby
attitude indicator for at least 30 minutes.
A standby altimeter is the next instrument in the stack. It is a
mechanical instrument that requires no electrical power to operate.
Electrical power is used to power an internal vibrator, used to minimize
indicator pointer sticking, and instrument internal lighting. The vibrator
is normally powered from the triple fed buss. In the event of total loss
of normal aircraft electrical power, the vibrator and internal lighting is
powered by the standby battery. The standby altimeter uses the
copilot’s static system for its source of static air pressure.
The bottom instrument is a mechanical airspeed indicator. It is a
mechanical instrument that requires no electrical power to operate.
Electrical power is used for internal lighting. In the event of a total loss
of aircraft electrical power, the standby battery will power the
instrument’s internal lighting. The standby airspeed indicator uses the
copilot’s static system for its source of static air pressure, and the
copilot’s pitot system for its source of impact air pressure.
8 28
7 ALT 3
2992 1013
5
inHg
mb/hPa
300
30
50
AIRSPEED
250
KNOTS
200
100
150
Figure 19, Standby Flight Instruments
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ENGINE INSTRUMENTATION
Engine instruments, located in a window on the left side of the MFD, are grouped according to their
function. The G1000 engine gauges are constructed and arranged to emulate the mechanical gauges
they replaced. At the top, the ITT (Interstage Turbine Temperature) indicators and torquemeters are
used to set take-off power. Climb and cruise power are established with the torquemeters and propeller
tachometers while observing ITT limits. Gas generator (N1) operation is monitored by the gas generator
tachometers. The lower grouping consists of the fuel flow indicators and the oil pressure/temperature
indicators.
The engine transducers send their signals to the Garmin GEA (Engine and Airframe LRU) where the
analog signals are converted to digital signals where the engine parameters are displayed on the MFD.
There are two GEAs, one for each engine. The GEAs operate on 28vdc power supplied by the triple fed
bus and are protected by circuit breakers normally located on the left side circuit breaker panel labeled
ENG INST. Some configurations will have the ENG INST circuit breakers located on the right side circuit
breaker panel.
The ITT indicator gives a reading of engine gas temperature between the compressor turbine and the
power turbines. A digital indication combined with the pointer gives a resolution of 1OC.
The torquemeters give an indication in foot-pounds of the torque being applied to the propeller. A digital
indication combined with the pointer gives a resolution of 5 ft-lbs.
The propeller tachometer reads directly in revolutions per minute. A digital indication combined with the
pointer gives a resolution of 10 rpm.
The N1 or gas generator tachometer is in percent of rpm, based on a figure of 37,500 rpm at 100%.
Maximum continuous gas generator speed is limited to 38,100 rpm or 101.5% N1. A digital indication
combined with the pointer gives a resolution of 0.1% rpm.
The fuel flow indicators give an indication of fuel consumption in pounds of fuel per hour. A digital
indication combined with the pointer gives a resolution of 1 lb/hr.
The oil pressure indicator displays oil pressure (in PSI). A digital indication combined with the pointer
gives oil pressure a resolution of 1 psi.
The oil temperature indicator displays oil temperature (in Degrees Celsius).
combined with the pointer gives oil temperature a resolution of 1OC
A digital indication
A propeller synchroscope located above and between the propeller tachometers, gives an indication of
synchronization of the propellers. When the propellers are operating at the same rpm, the display will
show stationary diamond symbols. As one propeller begins to turn faster than the other propeller, the
diamonds will begin to move towards the faster turning propeller and transition into an arrowhead pointing
towards the faster turning propeller. The transition to a full arrowhead is complete when the propeller
speed difference is equal to 50 rpm. This instrument aids the pilot in obtaining synchronization of the
propellers.
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PROPELLER SYNCHROPHASER
A push button ON/OFF switch is located on the instrument panel below the pilot’s PFD that
turns the propeller synchrophaser ON and OFF. To turn the propeller synchrophaser ON,
push the PROP SYNC switch. A green ON annunciator will illuminate when the system is on.
To turn the propeller synchrophaser OFF, push the PROP SYNC switch.
Refer to the Systems Description section in the airplane’s original Pilot’s Operating Handbook and FAA
Approved Airplane Flight Manual for a description of the synchrophaser and its operation.
ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
INVERTERS
The two solid-state inverters are not needed with the G1000 system and have been removed.
POWER DISTRIBUTION
There are no changes to the electrical power generation, power feeders, control, or fault protection.
Only the Avionics power distribution has changed.
AVIONICS/ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT BUS CONNECTION
LEFT GENERATOR BUS
(GEN No. 1)
CENTER BUS
RIGHT GENERATOR BUS
(GEN No. 2)
AVIONICS
AVIONICS
AVIONICS
PFD1/ GIA 1 Cooling Fan
Avionics Annunciator
PFD2 / GIA 2 Cooling Fan
No. 2 Avionics Bus
COM 2
AUDIO 2
XPDR 2
PFD 1 – Secondary Power
AHRS 1 - Secondary Power
ADC 1 - Secondary Power
GIA 1 - Secondary Power
No. 3 Avionics Bus
Data Link
Radio Altimeter (OPT)
ADF
RADAR
WX-500 Stormscope (OPT)
DME
Skywatch Traffic (OPT)
AFCS SERVOS
ELECTRICAL
ELECTRICAL
ELECTRICAL
L Gen Bus (Bus Tie & Meter
Indication)
Generator Reset
R Gen Bus (Bus Tie & Meter
Indication)
L Generator Control Panel (1)
R Generator Control Panel (1)
L Generator Field & Sense (1)
R Generator Field & Sense (1)
L Generator Loadmeter (1)
R Generator Loadmeter (1)
ENGINE
ENGINE
L Engine Fuel Control Heater
R Engine Fuel Control Heater
L Chip Detector
R Chip Detector
L Main Anti-ice (Ice Vane)
R Main Anti-ice (Ice Vane)
R Standby Anti-Ice (Ice Vane)
L Standby Anti-Ice (Ice Vane)
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190-00682-02 Rev. E
LEFT GENERATOR BUS
(GEN No. 1)
CENTER BUS
ENVIRONMENTAL
ENVIRONMENTAL
R Bleed Air Control
Air Conditioner Motor
Vent Blower
Normal Heat (Electric)
RIGHT GENERATOR BUS
(GEN No. 2)
Max Heat (Electric)
FLIGHT CONTROL
FLIGHT CONTROL
Flap Indicator and Control
Rudder Boost
Flap Motor
FUEL
FUEL
L Firewall Valve
R Firewall Valve
L Fuel Boost Pump
R Fuel Boost Pump
Crossfeed Valve
Crossfeed Valve
FURNISHINGS
FURNISHINGS
Cigarette Lighter
Refreshment Bar (Optional)
Electric Toilet (Optional)
LIGHTS
LIGHTS
LIGHTS
Rotating Beacon Lights Tail
Taxi Light
Ovrhd, Subpanel &Pedestal Lights
L Landing Light
Icing Light
Recognition Lights (Optional, Center
Bus or Right Gen Bus)
Tail Flood Lights (Optional)
Recognition Lights (Optional,
Center Bus or Right Gen
Bus)
Side Panel Lights
Standby Altimeter Internal Lighting
R Landing Light
Standby Attitude Indicator Internal
Lighting
Strobe Lights (Optional)
Standby Airspeed Indicator
Internal Lighting
Cabin Reading Lights & Sign Chime
LANDING GEAR
Landing Gear Motor (1)
PROPELLERS
PROPELLERS
Prop Synchrophaser
Prop Deice
WARNING/ANNUNCIATORS
NO SMOKING & FSB Signs
WEATHER
WEATHER
WEATHER
L Fuel Vent Heat
Pneumatic Surface Deice
R Fuel Vent Heat
Pilot Windshield Anti-ice(1)
Windshield Wiper
Copilot Windshield Anti-ice (1)
Prop Deice
R Pitot Heat
Stall Warning Heat
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Page 113 of 124
LEFT GENERATOR BUS
(GEN No. 1)
TRIPLE FED BUS
CENTER BUS
HOT BATTERY BUS
RIGHT GENERATOR BUS
(GEN No. 2)
(1) The circuit breaker in this
circuit is not accessible to the pilot
in flight.
STANDBY BATTERY
AVIONICS
PFD 1 – Primary Power
AHRS 1 – Primary Power
ADC 1 – Primary Power
GIA 1 – Primary Power
MFD – Power
PFD 2 – Power
AHRS 2 – Power
ADC 2 – Power
GIA 2 – Power
MFD Controller
Autopilot Mode Controller
MFD Cooling Fan
STBY Battery Charger
Voice Recorder (OPT)
Aural Warnings (OPT)
Avionics Master Power
Cabin Audio
Avionics No. 1 Bus
COM1
AUDIO 1
XPDR 1
ELECTRICAL
ELECTRICAL
Bus Tie Control
Battery Relay Power
Bus Tie Indicator
Battery Voltmeter
ENVIRONMENTAL
Cabin Air Temperature Control
Cabin Pressure Control
L Bleed Air Control
Hawker Beechcraft C90A, C90GT and C90GTi King Air
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190-00682-02 Rev. E
TRIPLE FED BUS
HOT BATTERY BUS
ENGINE
ENGINE
Autofeather (Optional)
L Engine Fire Extinguisher
(Optional)
Fire Detector (Optional)
R Engine Fire Extinguisher
(Optional)
STANDBY BATTERY
L Igniter Power
L Start Control
L Torque
L Signal Conditioner (VMI)
L Engine Instrument (GEA)
L Fuel Flow
L Oil Pressure
R Igniter Power
R Starter Control
R Torque
R Signal Conditioner (VMI)
R Engine Instrument (GEA)
R Fuel Flow
R Oil Pressure
FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS
FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS
Standby Attitude Indicator Gyro
Standby Attitude Indicator Gyro
Standby Altimeter Vibrator
Standby Altimeter Vibrator
FUEL
FUEL
L Fuel Qty Indicator
L Fuel Boost Pump
L Fuel Transfer Pump
R Fuel Boost Pump
L Firewall Valve
Fuel Crossfeed Valve
L Boost Pump
R Fuel Qty Indicator
R Fuel Transfer Pump
R Firewall Valve
R Fuel Boost Pump
Fuel Crossfeed Valve
FURNISHINGS
MOD (Stereo - Optional)
LANDING GEAR
Landing Gear Control
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TRIPLE FED BUS
LIGHTS
HOT BATTERY BUS
STANDBY BATTERY
LIGHTS
LIGHTS
Entrance & Aft Dome Lights
Standby Altimeter Internal
Lighting
Standby Attitude Indicator Internal
Lighting
Standby Airspeed Indicator
Internal Lighting
Cabin Flour Lights
Instruments Indirect Lights
Navigation Lights
PROPELLERS
Propeller Governor Test
WARNING/ANNUNCIATORS
Annunciator Indicator
Annunciator Power
L Oil Pressure Warning
Landing Gear Position Indicator
Landing Gear Warning Horn
R Oil Pressure Warning
Stall Warning
L Fuel Pressure Warning
R Fuel Pressure Warning
L Auxiliary Fuel Quantity
Warning
R Auxiliary Fuel Quantity
Warning
WEATHER
L Pitot Heat
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190-00682-02 Rev. E
STANDBY BATTERY POWER SUPPLY
The G1000 installation incorporates a 24 vdc, 5 Ah JET model PS-835 Standby Battery
that provides electrical power for the standby attitude gyro, standby altimeter vibrator,
and internal lighting for the three standby instruments for a minimum of 30 minutes
following a total loss of aircraft power including the aircraft’s battery.
A push button switch located directly below the standby airspeed indicator controls the standby battery
power system. The switch is a push ON (switch latches in), push OFF (switch pops out) type of switch.
The system has three modes: OFF, ON, and ARM.
OFF
The system is OFF when the Standby Battery switch is popped out. There are no
internal switch annunciators illuminated in the switch when the system is OFF.
ON (Amber)
Illuminates when the standby battery is powering the standby instruments. The Standby
Battery switch must be latched ‘IN’ and the airplane has no source of normal electrical
power for the standby battery to power the standby instruments. When the ON
annunciator is illuminated, the standby battery will provide electrical power for the three
standby instruments for at least 30 minutes.
ARM (Green) The system is ARMed for automatic operation when the Standby Battery switch is latched
‘IN’ and the airplane is being powered by a normal source of electrical power. Normal
source of electrical power includes the airplane’s battery, or, at least one generator, or
external power.
During normal operations, the standby battery is kept in a fully charged state by its own trickle charger
powered from the triple-fed bus through the STBY AUX BAT circuit breaker located on the right side
circuit breaker panel.
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Page 117 of 124
LIGHTING SYSTEMS
COCKPIT
An overhead light control panel, accessible to both pilots, incorporates a functional arrangement of all
lighting systems. Each light group has its own rheostat switch placarded BRT – OFF. The MASTER
PANEL LIGHTS – ON – OFF switch is the master switch for: PILOT PFD, STBY INSTR, MFD, OVHD
PED & SUBPANEL SIDE PANEL CLOCKS, and COPILOT PFD.
PILOT PFD – Controls the brightness of the pilot’s PFD.
STBY INSTR – Controls the brightness of the internal lighting for the standby attitude indicator,
standby altimeter, and standby airspeed indicator.
MFD – Controls the brightness of the Multi-Function Display (MFD).
OVHD PED & - Controls the brightness of the backlighting of the overhead light control panel
SUBPANEL
and internal lighting of the overhead electrical gauges, throttle quadrant
backlighting, internal lighting for pedestal mounted gauges, and the MFD
Controller panel backlighting, and the subpanel backlighting.
SIDE PANEL – Controls the brightness of the backlighting of the right side circuit breaker panel,
the left side circuit breaker panel and the fuel gauge panel.
CLOCKS – Controls the brightness of the clocks mounted in the pilot’s and copilot’s control
wheels.
COPILOT PFD – Controls the brightness of the copilot’s PFD.
Separate rheostat switches individually control the instrument indirect lights in the glareshield and
overhead map lights.
An INSTRUMENT EMERG LIGHTS switch is located on the right side of the overhead electrical gauge
panel. This switch turns on indirect lights under the glareshield. These lights are separate from the
Instrument Indirect lights. The brightness of the Emergency Lights is not controllable. These lights are
powered from the Hot Battery bus.
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190-00682-02 Rev. E
PITOT AND STATIC SYSTEM
PITOT
The pitot heads are the sources of impact air for the operation of the flight instruments.
A heated pitot mast is located on each side of the lower portion of the nose. Tubing from the left pitot
mast is connected to the pilot’s Air Data Computer (ADC1), and tubing from the right pitot mast is
connected to the copilot’s Air Data Computer (ADC2) and the standby airspeed indicator. The switch for
the PITOT – LEFT – RIGHT – OFF is located in the ICE PROTECTION group on the pilot’s right
subpanel.
STATIC
The normal static system has two separate sources of static air, one source is connected to the pilot’s Air
Data Computer (ADC1), and the other source is connected to the copilot’s Air Data Computer (ADC2)
and the standby instruments. Each of the normal static air lines opens to the atmosphere through two
static air ports; one on each side of the aft fuselage; four ports total.
An alternate static air line is also provided for the pilot’s Air Data Computer (ADC1). In the event of a
failure of the pilot’s normal static air source (e.g., if ice accumulations should obstruct the static air ports),
the alternate source can be selected by lifting the spring-clip retainer off the PILOT’S EMERGENCY
STATIC AIR SOURCE valve handle, located on the right side panel, and moving the handle aft to the
ALTERNATE position. This will connect the alternate static air line to the pilot’s Air Data Computer
(ADC1). The alternate line is open to the unpressurized area just aft of the rear pressure bulkhead.
When the alternate static air source is not needed, ensure that PILOT’S EMERGENCY STATIC AIR
SOURCE valve handle is held in the forward (NORMAL) position by the spring-clip retainer.
WARNING
The pilot’s airspeed and altimeter indications change when the alternate static air
source is in use. Refer to the Airspeed Calibration – Alternate System, and the
Altimeter Correction – Alternate System graphs in Section 5, PERFORMANCE, of
the airplane’s original Pilot’s Operation Handbook and FAA Approved Airplane
Flight Manual for operation when the alternate static air source is in use.
There are three drain petcocks for draining the static air lines located below the side panel on the right
sidewall behind an access cover. These drain petcocks should be opened to release any trapped
moisture at each inspection interval or after exposure to visible moisture on the ground, and must be
closed after draining.
GROUND COMMUNICATIONS
Ground communications is provided by the G1000 system by turning ON the airplane’s battery and the
Avionics Master switch. Com1 and the pilot’s audio panel will be powered. The pilot may use the
airplane’s speaker and hand microphone or a headset for communication.
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Page 119 of 124
SYNTHETIC VISION
General
The SVS sub system is dependent upon terrain data provided by the underlying G1000 system. If, for
some reason, the terrain data is not available from the G1000, all of the components of the SVS system
will be unavailable. The flight path marker, horizon heading, and airport signs are all sub-components of
the Synthetic Terrain display and are only available when Synthetic Terrain is enabled. Those features
are selected or de-selected using the PFD softkeys on the SVS menu.
Synthetic Terrain
The synthetic (3D) terrain display on the PFD provides a perspective view of the terrain ahead of the
aircraft showing ground features up to 30 degrees left and 35 degrees right of the airplane heading. The
terrain display is derived from the same terrain data contained in the G1000 system that is optionally used
to display terrain on the MFD map display. The terrain data has a resolution of 9 arc-seconds, this
means that the terrain elevation contours in the database are stored broken down into squares
9 arc-seconds on each side. That data is processed and smoothed by the G1000 system to provide the
synthetic terrain display. In some instances, terrain features such as lakes in mountainous areas may be
presented by the SVS system as if the lake water extends somewhat up the mountainside. This is due
to the limitations of the terrain database resolution but is not significant for the approved uses of the SVS
system.
The SVS terrain display will show land contours; large water features; and, towers and other obstacles
over 200 ft AGL (including buildings), that are included in the G1000 obstacle database. In order to
provide a clean, uncluttered PFD display, cultural features on the ground such as; roads and highways,
railroad tracks, cities, and political boundaries (state / county lines) are not displayed on the PFD even if
those features are selected for display on the MFD. The colors used to display the terrain elevation
contours are similar to those used on the MFD map. The terrain display also includes a north-south,
east-west grid to assist in orientation relative to the terrain.
The terrain display is intended to serve as an awareness tool only. It may not provide either the accuracy
or fidelity, or both, on which to solely base decisions and plan maneuvers to avoid terrain or obstacles.
Navigation must not be predicated solely upon the use of the TAWS, Terrain or Obstacle data displayed
by the G1000 SVS system.
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190-00682-02 Rev. E
For airplanes that have system software 0636.02 or earlier installed, the terrain/obstacle/airport
databases have an area of coverage as detailed below:
•
The terrain database has an area of coverage from North 75° Latitude to South 60° Latitude in all
longitudes.
•
The airport terrain database has an area of coverage that includes the United States, Canada,
Mexico, Latin America, and South America.
•
The obstacle database has an area of coverage that includes the United States.
For airplanes that have system software 0636.03 or later installed, the terrain and obstacle databases
have an area of coverage as detailed below:
•
The terrain database has an area of coverage from North 90° Latitude to South 90° Latitude in all
longitudes.
•
The obstacle database has an area of coverage that includes the United States and Europe.
NOTE
The area of coverage may be modified, as additional terrain data sources become
available.
Obstacle and Terrain Alerts and Warnings
Obstacles and terrain displayed on the SVS system may be highlighted if an alert or warning is generated
by the G1000 Terrain or TAWS system. If an obstacle alert is presented for an obstacle that is in the
SVS field of view, the obstacle symbol on the PFD will turn yellow in color. If an obstacle warning is
generated by the G1000 system, the obstacle symbol on the PFD will turn red.
If the G1000 Terrain or TAWS system generates a terrain alert or warning, the terrain feature displayed
on the PFD will be colored yellow for an alert or red for a warning for as long as the alert remains valid.
Because the area monitored by the Terrain or TAWS system can be wider than the field of view that can
be displayed by the SVS system, it is possible to receive an obstacle or terrain audible alert for an
obstacle or terrain that is not shown on the SVS display. In those cases, the object generating the alert
will be left or right of the aircraft. Refer to the other displays in the aircraft to determine the cause of the
message.
Flight Path Marker
The SVS display includes a green circular barbed symbol called the Flight Path Marker (FPM) that
represents the current path of the airplane relative to the terrain display. The FPM is always displayed
when synthetic terrain is displayed and the aircraft ground speed exceeds 30 kt. The FPM indicates the
current lateral and vertical path of the airplane as determined by the GPS sensor. If the FPM is above
the horizon line, the airplane is climbing, and similarly if the FPM is below the horizon line, the airplane is
descending. If the airplane is flying in a crosswind, the FPM will be offset from the center of the display.
In that case, the center of the PFD airplane reference symbol indicates the airplane heading and the FPM
indicates the direction that the airplane is actually moving, taking into account the crosswind.
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The FPM indicates the current path of the airplane but does not predict the future path. If aircraft
attitude, power setting, airspeed, crosswind, etc. are changed, the FPM will move to indicate the new path
resulting from those changes.
If the FPM is below the terrain or obstacle displayed behind it on the PFD, the current aircraft path will not
clear that terrain or obstacle. If the FPM is above that terrain or obstacle, the aircraft will clear the terrain
or obstacle IF, AND ONLY IF, THE CURRENT AIRCRAFT CONFIGURATION IS MAINTAINED, AND
THE AIRCRAFT PERFORMANCE WILL PERMIT YOU TO MAINTAIN THE CURRENT VERTICAL
(CLIMB) GRADIENT UNTIL PAST THE TERRAIN OR OBSTACLE.
Pathway
If PATHWAY is enabled on the SVS menu of the PFD and a defined navigation path has been entered on
the G1000, the SVS system will display a pathway, sometimes called a “highway in the sky” or HITS.
The pathway is a perspective representation of the programmed flight path. When the aircraft is well off
course, the pathway will be displayed as a number boxes floating in the sky along the programmed lateral
and vertical path. As the aircraft intercepts the programmed flight path, the number of boxes displayed
will be reduced to a maximum of four to avoid cluttering the PFD display. The pathway is only displayed
for navigation paths that are fully defined by the sensor in use. Because a fully defined lateral and
vertical path through space is not defined by them, a Pathway is not displayed for heading legs, VOR,
LOC, BC or ADF segments. When the Pathway is displayed, the color of the boxes indicates the sensor
generating the path. If the GPS sensor is in use, the boxes will be magenta colored. If the LOC sensor
is defining the path in use, the boxes will be green.
The Pathway boxes are +- 100 ft in vertical dimension and approximately +-380 ft horizontally from the
center of the box. The Pathway presentation is intended only to aid the pilot in awareness of the
programmed flight path location relative to the airplane’s current position. The pathway is not intended for
use as a primary reference in tracking the navigation path.
If a GPS based descent profile has been programmed either on the G1000 flight plan page or as part of
an approach or STAR, the descent will be displayed by the Pathway. Climb paths are never displayed
by the Pathway. If a profile requires a climb, the Pathway will be displayed as a level segment at the
higher of the altitude defined by the programmed path or the G1000 altitude selector.
Traffic
If traffic that is within the SVS field of view is detected by the G1000 system, a symbol will be displayed
on the PFD indicating the direction and relative altitude of the traffic. The traffic will be displayed as a
white diamond unless it generates a traffic alert. Traffic that causes an alert will be displayed as a solid
yellow circle accompanied by a yellow TRAFFIC annunciator to the right of top of the airspeed display
tape.
Horizon line
The SVS display includes an always visible white horizon line that represents the true horizon. Terrain
will be presented behind the horizon line, and terrain shown above the horizon line is above the current
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aircraft altitude. Terrain that is shown below the horizon line is below the aircraft altitude.
Horizon Heading
A heading scale may be displayed on the PFD horizon line, if selected by the pilot. The heading marks
are spaced in even 30 degree increments and are presented just above the horizon line with tic marks
that intersect the horizon line. The horizon heading will correspond to that presented by the HSI.
Because the horizon heading is only displayed in 30 degree increments, it should only be used for
general heading awareness and not be used to establish the aircraft heading.
Airport Signs and runway highlight
If APTSIGNS is selected, a “sign post” along with a representation of the runways will be plotted on the
SVS display for nearby airports that are contained in the G1000 airport database. The signpost will
become visible when you are within approximately 15nm of the airport. The text identifier for the airport
will be displayed inside the airport sign when the aircraft reaches approximately 8 nm from the airport.
Once the aircraft reaches approximately 4.5 nm from the airport, the airport sign will be removed but the
runways presentation will remain. If an approach to a specific runway has been loaded and activated,
that runway will be highlighted on the SVS display.
When on an approach, the highlight for the approach runway will be considerably larger than “normal” to
assist in visually acquiring the runway. The oversized highlight will automatically shrink around the
runway depiction so that the runway is proportionally displayed when the aircraft is within approximately
½ nm of the threshold. Runway highlighting is displayed even if APTSIGNS are turned off.
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Section 8 – Handling, Service, and Maintenance
Refer to Garmin G1000 Instructions For Continued Airworthiness, P/N 190-00682-01 Rev. A or later FAA
approved revision for maintenance requirements for the G1000 system and components.
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