Garmin | G1000: Cessna Caravan 208/208B | Garmin G1000: Cessna Caravan 208/208B G1000 Pilot's Guide for the Cessna Caravan

Garmin G1000: Cessna Caravan 208/208B G1000 Pilot's Guide for the Cessna Caravan
G1000
®
Integrated Flight Deck
Pilot’s Guide
®
G1000 Pilot’s Guide
Garmin International, Inc.
1200 East 151st Street
Olathe, KS 66062, U.S.A.
p:913.397.8200
f:913.397.8282
Garmin (Europe) Ltd.
Liberty House, Bulls Copse Road
Houndsdown Business Park
Southampton, SO40 9RB, U.K.
p:44/0870.8501241
f:44/0870.8501251
Garmin Corporation
No. 68, Jangshu 2nd Road
Shijr, Taipei County, Taiwan
p:886/02.2642.9199
f:886/02.2642.9099
www.garmin.com
Cessna Caravan
Garmin AT, Inc.
2345 Turner Road SE
Salem, OR 97302, U.S.A.
p:503.391.3411
f:503.364.2138
190-00749-00
Revision A
Cessna Caravan
SYSTEM OVERVIEW
FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS
EIS
AUDIO PANEL & CNS
FLIGHT MANAGEMENT
HAZARD AVOIDANCE
AFCS
ADDITIONAL FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
Copyright © 2008 Garmin Ltd. or its subsidiaries. All rights reserved.
This manual reflects the operation of System Software version 0767.00 or later for the Cessna Caravan. Some differences in operation may
be observed when comparing the information in this manual to earlier or later software versions.
Garmin International, Inc., 1200 East 151st Street, Olathe, Kansas 66062, U.S.A.
Tel: 913/397.8200
Fax: 913/397.8282
Garmin AT, Inc., 2345 Turner Road SE, Salem, OR 97302, U.S.A.
Tel: 503/391.3411
Fax 503/364.2138
Garmin (Europe) Ltd., Liberty House, Hounsdown Business Park, Southampton, SO40 9RB, U.K.
Fax: 44/0870.8501251
Tel: 44/0870.851241
Garmin Corporation, No. 68, Jangshu 2nd Road, Shijr, Taipei County, Taiwan
Tel: 886/02.2642.9199
Fax: 886/02.2642.9099
Web Site Address: www.garmin.com
Except as expressly provided herein, no part of this manual may be reproduced, copied, transmitted, disseminated, downloaded or stored
in any storage medium, for any purpose without the express written permission of Garmin. Garmin hereby grants permission to download
a single copy of this manual and of any revision to this manual onto a hard drive or other electronic storage medium to be viewed for
personal use, provided that such electronic or printed copy of this manual or revision must contain the complete text of this copyright notice
and provided further that any unauthorized commercial distribution of this manual or any revision hereto is strictly prohibited.
Garmin® and G1000® are registered trademarks of Garmin Ltd. or its subsidiaries. WATCH™, FliteCharts™, and SafeTaxi™ are trademarks
of Garmin Ltd. or its subsidiaries. These trademarks may not be used without the express permission of Garmin.
Bendix/King® and Honeywell® are registered trademarks of Honeywell International, Inc.; Becker® is a registered trademark of Becker
Flugfunkwerk GmbH; NavData® is a registered trademark of Jeppesen, Inc.; XM® is a registered trademark of XM Satellite Radio, Inc.
January 2008
190-00749-00 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
Printed in the U.S.A.
190-00749-00 Rev. B
LIMITED WARRANTY
LIMITED WARRANTY
This Garmin product is warranted to be free from defects in materials or workmanship for two years from the date of purchase. Within this
period, Garmin will, at its sole option, repair or replace any components that fail in normal use. Such repairs or replacement will be made
at no charge to the customer for parts and labor, provided that the customer shall be responsible for any transportation cost. This warranty
does not cover failures due to abuse, misuse, accident, or unauthorized alterations or repairs.
THE WARRANTIES AND REMEDIES CONTAINED HEREIN ARE EXCLUSIVE AND IN LIEU OF ALL OTHER WARRANTIES EXPRESS OR IMPLIED
OR STATUTORY, INCLUDING ANY LIABILITY ARISING UNDER ANY WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
PURPOSE, STATUTORY OR OTHERWISE. THIS WARRANTY GIVES YOU SPECIFIC LEGAL RIGHTS, WHICH MAY VARY FROM STATE TO
STATE.
IN NO EVENT SHALL GARMIN BE LIABLE FOR ANY INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, INDIRECT OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, WHETHER
RESULTING FROM THE USE, MISUSE, OR INABILITY TO USE THIS PRODUCT OR FROM DEFECTS IN THE PRODUCT. Some states do not
allow the exclusion of incidental or consequential damages, so the above limitations may not apply to you.
Garmin retains the exclusive right to repair or replace the unit or software, or to offer a full refund of the purchase price, at its sole
discretion. SUCH REMEDY SHALL BE YOUR SOLE AND EXCLUSIVE REMEDY FOR ANY BREACH OF WARRANTY.
To obtain warranty service, contact your local Garmin Authorized Service Center. For assistance in locating a Service Center near you, visit
the Garmin Web site at “http://www.garmin.com” or contact Garmin Customer Service at 800-800-1020.
190-00749-00 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
i
WARNINGS, CAUTIONS, AND NOTES
WARNING: Navigation and terrain separation must NOT be predicated upon the use of the terrain function.
The G1000 Terrain Proximity feature is NOT intended to be used as a primary reference for terrain avoidance
and does not relieve the pilot from the responsibility of being aware of surroundings during flight. The
Terrain Proximity feature is only to be used as an aid for terrain avoidance and is not certified for use
in applications requiring a certified terrain awareness system. Terrain data is obtained from third party
sources. Garmin is not able to independently verify the accuracy of the terrain data.
WARNING: The displayed minimum safe altitudes (MSAs) are only advisory in nature and should not be
relied upon as the sole source of obstacle and terrain avoidance information. Always refer to current
aeronautical charts for appropriate minimum clearance altitudes.
WARNING: The altitude calculated by G1000 GPS receivers is geometric height above Mean Sea Level and
could vary significantly from the altitude displayed by pressure altimeters, such as the GDC 74A Air Data
Computer, or other altimeters in aircraft. GPS altitude should never be used for vertical navigation. Always
use pressure altitude displayed by the G1000 PFD or other pressure altimeters in aircraft.
WARNING: Do not use outdated database information. Databases used in the G1000 system must be updated
regularly in order to ensure that the information remains current. Pilots using any outdated database do so
entirely at their own risk.
WARNING: Do not use basemap (land and water data) information for primary navigation. Basemap data is
intended only to supplement other approved navigation data sources and should be considered as an aid to
enhance situational awareness.
WARNING: Traffic information shown on the G1000 Multi Function Display is provided as an aid in visually
acquiring traffic. Pilots must maneuver the aircraft based only upon ATC guidance or positive visual
acquisition of conflicting traffic.
WARNING: XM Weather should not be used for hazardous weather penetration. Weather information
provided by the GDL 69 is approved only for weather avoidance, not penetration.
WARNING: NEXRAD weather data is to be used for long-range planning purposes only. Due to inherent
delays in data transmission and the relative age of the data, NEXRAD weather data should not be used for
short-range weather avoidance.
WARNING: The Garmin G1000, as installed in the Cessna Caravan aircraft, has a very high degree of
functional integrity. However, the pilot must recognize that providing monitoring and/or self-test capability
for all conceivable system failures is not practical. Although unlikely, it may be possible for erroneous
operation to occur without a fault indication shown by the G1000. It is thus the responsibility of the pilot
to detect such an occurrence by means of cross-checking with all redundant or correlated information
available in the cockpit.
WARNING: For safety reasons, G1000 operational procedures must be learned on the ground.
ii
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
190-00749-00 Rev. B
WARNINGS, CAUTIONS, AND NOTES
WARNING: The United States government operates the Global Positioning System and is solely responsible
for its accuracy and maintenance. The GPS system is subject to changes which could affect the accuracy
and performance of all GPS equipment. Portions of the Garmin G1000 utilize GPS as a precision electronic
NAVigation AID (NAVAID). Therefore, as with all NAVAIDs, information presented by the G1000 can be
misused or misinterpreted and, therefore, become unsafe.
WARNING: To reduce the risk of unsafe operation, carefully review and understand all aspects of the G1000
Pilot’s Guide documentation and the Cessna Caravan Pilot’s Operating Handbook. Thoroughly practice
basic operation prior to actual use. During flight operations, carefully compare indications from the G1000
to all available navigation sources, including the information from other NAVAIDs, visual sightings, charts,
etc. For safety purposes, always resolve any discrepancies before continuing navigation.
WARNING: The illustrations in this guide are only examples. Never use the G1000 to attempt to penetrate
a thunderstorm. Both the FAA Advisory Circular, Subject: Thunderstorms, and the Aeronautical Information
Manual (AIM) recommend avoiding “by at least 20 miles any thunderstorm identified as severe or giving an
intense radar echo.”
CAUTION: The PFD and MFD displays use a lens coated with a special anti-reflective coating that is very
sensitive to skin oils, waxes, and abrasive cleaners. CLEANERS CONTAINING AMMONIA WILL HARM THE
ANTI-REFLECTIVE COATING. It is very important to clean the lens using a clean, lint-free cloth and an
eyeglass lens cleaner that is specified as safe for anti-reflective coatings.
CAUTION: The Garmin G1000 does not contain any user-serviceable parts. Repairs should only be made by
an authorized Garmin service center. Unauthorized repairs or modifications could void both the warranty
and the pilot’s authority to operate this device under FAA/FCC regulations.
NOTE: All visual depictions contained within this document, including screen images of the G1000 panel and
displays, are subject to change and may not reflect the most current G1000 system and aviation databases.
Depictions of equipment may differ slightly from the actual equipment.
NOTE: This device complies with part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) this device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired operation.
NOTE: This product, its packaging, and its components contain chemicals known to the State of California
to cause cancer, birth defects, or reproductive harm. This notice is being provided in accordance with
California’s Proposition 65. If you have any questions or would like additional information, please refer to
our web site at www.garmin.com/prop65.
NOTE: Interference from GPS repeaters operating inside nearby hangars can cause an intermittent loss of
attitude and heading displays while the aircraft is on the ground. Moving the aircraft more than 100 feet
away from the source of the interference should alleviate the condition.
190-00749-00 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
iii
REVISION INFORMATION
Record of Revisions
Part Number
190-00749-00
iv
Revision
Date
A
January, 2008
B
January, 2008
Page Range
Description
All
Initial release
Copyright Page Correct system software number
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
190-00749-00 Rev. B
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
1.6
1.7
1.8
SECTION 1 SYSTEM OVERVIEW
System Description ................................................. 1
Line Replaceable Units (LRU) ................................. 2
G1000 Controls........................................................ 7
PFD/MFD Controls ........................................................ 7
AFCS Controls .............................................................. 9
Audio Panel Controls .................................................. 11
Secure Digital Cards ............................................. 13
System Power-up ................................................... 14
System Operation.................................................. 15
Normal Operation ....................................................... 15
Reversionary Mode ..................................................... 15
AHRS Operation ......................................................... 16
G1000 System Annunciations ...................................... 18
Softkey Function ......................................................... 19
GPS Receiver Operation .............................................. 26
Accessing G1000 Functionality ........................... 30
Menus ....................................................................... 30
MFD Page Groups ....................................................... 31
MFD System Pages ..................................................... 37
Display Backlighting ............................................. 45
Automatic Adjustment ................................................ 45
Manual Adjustment .................................................... 45
SECTION 2 FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS
2.1 Flight Instruments ................................................. 50
Airspeed Indicator ...................................................... 50
Attitude Indicator ....................................................... 52
Altimeter ................................................................... 53
Vertical Speed Indicator (VSI) ....................................... 57
Vertical Deviation ....................................................... 57
Horizontal Situation Indicator (HSI) .............................. 58
Course Deviation Indicator (cdi) ................................... 63
2.2 Supplemental Flight Data .................................... 71
Temperature displays .................................................. 71
Wind Data ................................................................. 72
Vertical Navigation (VNV) Indications ........................... 73
2.3 PFD Annunciations and Alerting Functions ........ 74
System Alerting .......................................................... 74
Marker Beacon Annunciations ..................................... 76
Traffic Annunciation (optional) ..................................... 76
190-00749-00 Rev. B
TAWS Annunciations (optional) .................................... 77
Altitude Alerting ......................................................... 78
Low Altitude Annunciation .......................................... 78
Minimum Descent Altitude/Decision Height Alerting ...... 79
2.4 Abnormal Operations ........................................... 81
Abnormal GPS Conditions ........................................... 81
Unusual Attitudes ....................................................... 82
SECTION 3 ENGINE INDICATION SYSTEM (EIS)
3.1 Engine Display ....................................................... 86
3.2 System Display ...................................................... 88
Fuel Calculations ........................................................ 91
4.1
4.2
4.3
4.4
4.5
SECTION 4 AUDIO PANEL AND CNS
Overview ................................................................ 93
MFD/PFD Controls and Frequency Display ..................... 94
Audio Panel Controls .................................................. 96
COM Operation ...................................................... 98
COM Transceiver Selection and Activation ..................... 98
COM Transceiver Manual Tuning .................................. 99
Quick-Tuning and Activating 121.500 MHz.................. 100
Auto-Tuning the COM Frequency................................ 101
Frequency Spacing .................................................... 105
Automatic Squelch.................................................... 106
Volume .................................................................... 106
NAV Operation ..................................................... 107
NAV Radio Selection and Activation ........................... 107
NAV Receiver Manual Tuning ..................................... 108
Auto-Tuning a NAV Frequency from the MFD .............. 110
Marker Beacon Receiver ............................................ 115
DME Tuning ............................................................. 116
GTX 33 Mode S Transponder .............................. 117
Transponder Controls ................................................ 117
Transponder Mode Selection ...................................... 119
Entering a Transponder Code ..................................... 121
IDENT Function ........................................................ 122
Flight ID Reporting ................................................... 123
Additional Audio Panel Functions ..................... 124
Power-Up ................................................................. 124
Mono/Stereo Headsets .............................................. 124
Speaker ................................................................... 124
Intercom .................................................................. 125
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
v
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Passenger Address (PA) System .................................. 127
Clearance Recorder and Player................................... 127
Entertainment Inputs ................................................ 128
4.6 Audio Panel Preflight Procedure ....................... 129
4.7 Abnormal Operation ........................................... 130
Stuck Microphone..................................................... 130
COM Tuning Failure................................................... 130
PFD Failure, Dual System ........................................... 131
Audio Panel Fail-Safe Operation ................................. 132
Reversionary Mode ................................................... 132
5.1
5.2
5.3
5.4
5.5
5.6
vi
SECTION 5 FLIGHT MANAGEMENT
Introduction ......................................................... 133
Navigation Status Box............................................... 135
Using Map Displays ............................................. 136
Map Orientation ....................................................... 136
Map Range .............................................................. 138
Map Panning............................................................ 141
Measuring Bearing and Distance ................................ 145
Topography .............................................................. 146
Map Symbols ........................................................... 149
Airways ................................................................... 155
Track Vector ............................................................. 157
Wind Vector ............................................................. 158
Nav Range Ring ....................................................... 159
Fuel Range Ring ....................................................... 160
Waypoints............................................................. 161
Airports ................................................................... 162
Intersections ............................................................ 168
NDBs ....................................................................... 170
VORs ....................................................................... 172
User Waypoints ........................................................ 174
Airspaces .............................................................. 178
Direct-to-Navigation .......................................... 182
Flight Planning..................................................... 187
Flight Plan Creation .................................................. 188
Adding Waypoints to an Existing Flight Plan................ 191
Adding Airways to a Flight Plan ................................. 193
Adding Procedures to a Stored Flight Plan .................. 195
Flight Plan Storage ................................................... 201
Flight Plan Editing .................................................... 204
Along Track Offsets ................................................... 207
Parallel Track ............................................................ 209
Activating a Flight Plan Leg ....................................... 212
Inverting a Flight Plan ............................................... 213
Flight Plan Views ...................................................... 214
Closest Point of FPL .................................................. 216
5.7 Vertical Navigation ............................................. 217
Altitude Constraints .................................................. 219
5.8 Procedures ........................................................... 223
Departures ............................................................... 223
Arrivals ................................................................... 226
Approaches ............................................................. 228
5.9 Trip Planning ........................................................ 234
Trip Planning ............................................................ 234
5.10 RAIM Prediction .................................................. 238
5.11 Navigating a Flight Plan ..................................... 241
5.12 Abnormal Operation ........................................... 268
6.1
6.2
6.3
6.4
6.5
6.6
SECTION 6 HAZARD AVOIDANCE
XM Satellite Weather .......................................... 271
Activating Services.................................................... 272
Using XM Satellite Weather Products.......................... 273
Airborne Color Weather Radar .......................... 296
System Description ................................................... 296
Principles of Pulsed Airborne Weather Radar ............... 296
Safe Operating Distance ............................................ 301
Basic Antenna Tilt Setup ............................................ 301
Weather Mapping and Interpretation ......................... 303
Ground Mapping and Interpretation ........................... 316
WX-500 Stormscope ........................................... 317
Setting Up Stormscope on the Navigation Map ........... 317
Selecting the Stormscope Page .................................. 321
Terrain Proximity ................................................. 322
Displaying Terrain Proximity Data ............................... 323
Terrain Proximity Page............................................... 325
Terrain Awareness and Warning System (TAWS) 327
Displaying TAWS Data ............................................... 328
TAWS Page .............................................................. 330
TAWS Alerts ............................................................. 332
System Status........................................................... 338
Traffic Advisory System (TAS) ............................ 339
TAS Symbology......................................................... 339
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
190-00749-00 Rev. B
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Operation ................................................................ 340
Displaying Traffic Data .............................................. 340
Altitude Display ........................................................ 343
Traffic Map Page Display Range ................................. 343
TAS Alerts ................................................................ 345
System Status........................................................... 345
SECTION 7 AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
7.1 AFCS Controls ...................................................... 348
Additional AFCS Controls .......................................... 349
7.2 Flight Director Operation ................................... 350
Activating the Flight Director ..................................... 350
AFCS Status Box ....................................................... 351
Flight Director Modes................................................ 352
Switching Flight Directors .......................................... 352
Command Bars......................................................... 353
7.3 Vertical Modes ..................................................... 354
Pitch Hold Mode (PIT) ............................................... 355
Selected Altitude Capture Mode (ALTS) ....................... 356
Altitude Hold Mode (ALT) .......................................... 357
Vertical Speed Mode (VS) .......................................... 358
Flight Level Change Mode (FLC) ................................. 359
Vertical Navigation Modes (VPTH, ALTV) ..................... 361
Glidepath Mode (GP) (waas only)............................... 366
Glideslope Mode (GS) ............................................... 367
Takeoff (TO) and Go Around (GA) Modes .................... 368
7.4 Lateral Modes ...................................................... 369
Roll Hold Mode (ROL) ............................................... 370
Low Bank Mode ....................................................... 370
Heading Select Mode (HDG) ...................................... 371
Navigation Mode (GPS, VOR, LOC) ............................. 372
Approach Mode (GPS, VAPP, LOC) .............................. 374
Backcourse Mode (BC) .............................................. 376
7.5 Autopilot and Yaw Damper Operation ............. 377
Flight Control ........................................................... 377
Engagement............................................................. 378
Control Wheel Steering ............................................. 378
Disengagement ........................................................ 379
7.6 Example Flight Plan ............................................ 380
Departure ................................................................ 381
Intercepting a VOR Radial.......................................... 383
Flying a Flight Plan/GPS Course ................................. 384
190-00749-00 Rev. B
Descent ................................................................... 385
Approach ................................................................. 389
Go Around/Missed Approach ..................................... 391
7.7 AFCS Annunciations and Alerts ......................... 393
AFCS Status Alerts .................................................... 393
Overspeed Protection ................................................ 394
8.1
8.2
8.3
8.4
8.5
8.6
SECTION 8 ADDITIONAL FEATURES
SafeTaxi ................................................................ 395
SafeTaxi Cycle Number and Revision .......................... 398
ChartView............................................................. 401
ChartView Softkeys ................................................... 401
Terminal Procedures Charts ....................................... 402
Chart Options........................................................... 412
Day/Night View ........................................................ 418
ChartView Cycle Number and Expiration Date ............. 420
FliteCharts ............................................................ 424
FliteCharts Softkeys .................................................. 424
Terminal Procedures Charts ....................................... 425
Chart Options........................................................... 433
Day/Night View ........................................................ 437
FliteCharts Cycle Number and Expiration Date............. 439
XM Radio Entertainment .................................... 443
Activating XM Satellite Radio Services ........................ 443
Using XM Radio ....................................................... 445
Scheduler.............................................................. 449
Abnormal Operation ........................................... 451
APPENDICES
Annunciations and Alerts ............................................. 453
Alert Level Definitions ............................................... 455
Comparator Annunciations ........................................ 456
Reversionary Sensor Annunciations ............................ 456
Caravan CAS Alerts ................................................... 457
G1000 System Annunciations .................................... 459
G1000 System Message Advisories............................. 461
AFCS Alerts .............................................................. 472
TAWS ALERTS ........................................................... 473
SD Card Use ................................................................... 475
Jeppesen Databases.................................................. 475
Garmin Databases .................................................... 476
Glossary.......................................................................... 479
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
vii
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Frequently Asked Questions ........................................ 485
Display Symbols ............................................................ 491
INDEX
Index ................................................................................I-1
viii
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
190-00749-00 Rev. B
SYSTEM OVERVIEW
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
SECTION 1 SYSTEM OVERVIEW
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
1.1 SYSTEM DESCRIPTION
This section provides an overview of the G1000 Integrated Flight Deck as installed in the Cessna Caravan. The
G1000 system is an integrated flight control system that presents flight instrumentation, position, navigation,
communication, and identification information to the pilot through large-format displays. The system consists of
the following Line Replaceable Units (LRUs):
• GDL 69A Satellite Data Link Receiver
• GIA 63W Integrated Avionics Unit
• GWX 68 Weather Radar
• GDC 74A Air Data Computer (ADC)
• GMC 710 AFCS Control Unit
• GEA 71 Engine/Airframe Unit
• GTP 59 Outside Air Temperature (OAT) Probe
• GRS 77 Attitude and Heading Reference System
(AHRS)
• GSA 80 and GSA 81 AFCS Servos
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
• GDU 1040A Multi Function Display (MFD)
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
• GTX 33 Mode S Transponder
EIS
• GDU 1040A Primary Flight Display (PFD)
• GSM 85 and GSM 85A Servo Mounts
• GMU 44 Magnetometer
• GMA 1347 Audio System with Integrated Marker
Beacon Receiver
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
A top-level G1000 system block diagram is shown in Figure 1-1 (it does not include the GSM 85 or 85A).
NOTE: Refer to the AFCS section for details on the GFC 700 AFCS.
AFCS
In the Cessna Caravan, the GFC 700 Automated Flight Control System (AFCS) provides the flight director (FD),
autopilot (AP), and yaw damper (YD) functions of the G1000 system.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
190-00749-00 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
1
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
SYSTEM OVERVIEW
1.2 LINE REPLACEABLE UNITS (LRU)
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EIS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
• GDU 1040A (3) – Each of the PFDs and the MFD feature a 10.4-inch LCD with 1024 x 768 resolution. The unit
installed on the left/pilot side is designated as PFD1. The unit installed on the right/co-pilot side is designated
as PFD2. The unit installed in the center of the panel is designated as the MFD. These units communicate
with each other and with the GIA 63W Integrated Avionics Units through a High-Speed Data Bus (HSDB)
connection.
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
• GIA 63W (2) – Functions as the main communication hub, linking all LRUs with the displays via HSDB
connections. Each GIA 63W contains a GPS WAAS receiver, VHF COM/NAV/GS receivers, a flight director
(FD) and system integration microprocessors. The GIA 63Ws are not paired together and do not communicate
with each other directly.
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
• GDC 74A (2) – Processes data from the pitot/static system as well as the OAT probe. This unit provides pressure
altitude, airspeed, vertical speed and OAT information to the G1000 system, and it communicates with the onside GIA 63W, on-side GDU 1040A, on-side GTP59, and on-side GRS 77, using an ARINC 429 digital interface
(the pilot’s side GDC 74A also interfaces directly with the MFD).
2
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
190-00749-00 Rev. B
SYSTEM OVERVIEW
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
• GEA 71 (1) – Receives and processes signals from the engine and airframe sensors. This unit communicates
with both GIA 63Ws using an RS-485 digital interface.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
EIS
• GRS 77 (2) – Provides aircraft attitude and heading information via ARINC 429 to both the on-side GDU 1040A
and the on-side GIA 63W (the pilot-side GRS 77 also interfaces with the MFD). The GRS 77 contains advanced
sensors (including accelerometers and rate sensors) and interfaces with the on-side GMU 44 to obtain magnetic
field information, with the GDC 74B to obtain air data, and with both GIA 63Ws to obtain GPS information.
AHRS modes of operation are discussed later in this document.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
• GMU 44 (2) – Measures local magnetic field. Data is sent to the GRS 77 for processing to determine aircraft
magnetic heading. This unit receives power directly from the GRS 77 and communicates with the GRS 77,
using an RS-485 and RS-232 digital interface.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
AFCS
• GMA 1347 (1) – Integrates NAV/COM digital audio, intercom system and marker beacon controls, and is
installed between PFD1 and the MFD. This unit also enables the manual control of the display reversionary
mode (red DISPLAY BACKUP button) and communicates with both GIA 63Ws, using an RS-232 digital
interface.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
190-00749-00 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
3
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
SYSTEM OVERVIEW
EIS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
• GTX 33 (1 or 2) – Solid-state transponders that provide Modes A, C and S capability. Both transponders can be
controlled from either PFD, and only one transponder can be active at a time. Each transponder communicates
with the on-side GIA 63W through an RS-232 digital interface.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
• GDL 69A (1, optional) – A satellite radio receiver that provides real-time weather information to the G1000
MFD (and, indirectly, to the inset map of the PFD) as well as digital audio entertainment. The GDL 69A
communicates with the displays via HSDB connection through PFD2. A subscription to the XM Satellite Radio
service is required to enable the GDL 69A capability.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
• GWX 68 (1, optional) – Provides airborne weather and ground mapped radar data to the MFD, via HSDB
connection.
INDEX
APPENDICES
• GMC 710 (1) – Provides the controls for the GFC 700 AFCS through an RS-232 digital interface allowing
communication with the displays.
4
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
190-00749-00 Rev. B
SYSTEM OVERVIEW
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
• GTP 59 (2) – Provides Outside Air Temperature (OAT) data to the on-side GDC 74A.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
• GSA 80 (2), GSA 81 (2), GSM 85 (1) and GSM 85A (3) – The GSA 80 servos are used for the automatic control
of roll and yaw, while the GSA 81 servos are used for the automatic control of pitch and pitch trim. These units
interface with each GIA 63W via an RS-485 interface.
EIS
The GSM 85 and GSM 85A servo mounts are responsible for transferring the output torque of the GSA 80/81
servo actuator to the mechanical flight-control surface linkage. The GSM 85A servo gearboxes are used when
installed in areas that could experience ice or other contamination. The GSM 85 servo gearbox is used for the
pitch-trim axis, which is installed in a benign enviroment.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
190-00749-00 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
5
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
SYSTEM OVERVIEW
EIS
GMC 710
GWX 68
GDL 69A
(OPTIONAL)
(OPTIONAL)
GDU 1040A
GDU 1040A
(PFD #1)
( PFD # 2 )
GDU 1040A
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
(MFD)
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
GMA 1347D
#1
GMU 44 #1
GMU 44 #2
GRS 77 #1
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
GRS 77 #2
AFCS
GIA 63W #1
GIA 63W #2
VHF COM
VHF NAV/LOC
GPS/WAAS
G/S
GDC 74A #1
AFCS Mode Logic
Flight Director
Servo Management
GTP 59 #1
GDC 74A #2
VHF COM
VHF NAV/LOC
GPS/WAAS
G/S
GTP 59 #2
AFCS Mode Logic
Flight Director
Servo Management
GSA 81
(Pitch Trim)
GSA 81
(Pitch)
GSA 80
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
GTX 33 #1
(Roll)
GSA 80
GTX 33 #2
(OPTIONAL)
( Ya w )
APPENDICES
GEA 71
INDEX
Figure 1-1 G1000 System (LRU Configuration)
6
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
190-00749-00 Rev. B
SYSTEM OVERVIEW
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
1.3 G1000 CONTROLS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
NOTE: The Audio Panel (GMA 1347) and AFCS controls (GMC 710) are described in the CNS & Audio Panel
and AFCS sections respectively.
The G1000 system controls are located on the PFD and MFD bezels, AFCS Control Unit and audio panel. The
controls for the PFD and MFD are discussed within the following pages of this section.
1
2
EIS
PFD/MFD CONTROLS
4
3
5
6
7
8
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Figure 1-2 PFD Controls
13
10
14
11
15
APPENDICES
9
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Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
INDEX
12
7
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
SYSTEM OVERVIEW
1
NAV VOL/ID Knob – Controls NAV audio volume level. Press to toggle the Morse code identifier audio ON
and OFF. Volume level is shown in the NAV frequency field as a percentage.
2
NAV Frequency Transfer Key – Toggles the standby and active NAV frequencies.
3
Dual NAV Knob – Tunes the standby frequencies for the NAV receiver (large knob for MHz; small knob for
kHz). Press to switch the tuning box (cyan box) between NAV1 and NAV2.
4
Joystick – Changes the map range when rotated. Activates the map pointer when pressed.
5
BARO Knob – Sets the altimeter barometric pressure. Press to enter standard pressure (29.92).
6
Dual COM Knob – Tunes the standby frequencies for the COM transceiver (large knob for MHz; small
knob for kHz). Press to switch the tuning box (cyan box) between COM1 and COM2.
7
COM Frequency Transfer Key – Toggles the standby and active COM frequencies. Press and hold this
key for two seconds to tune the emergency frequency (121.5 MHz) automatically into the active frequency
field.
8
COM VOL/SQ Knob – Controls COM audio volume level. Volume level is shown in the COM frequency
field as a percentage. Press to turn the COM automatic squelch ON and OFF.
9
Direct-to Key ( ) – Allows the user to enter a destination waypoint and establish a direct course to the
selected destination (the destination is either specified by the identifier, chosen from the active route, or
taken from the map pointer position).
10
FPL Key – Displays the active Flight Plan Page for creating and editing the active flight plan.
11
CLR Key – Erases information, cancels entries, or removes page menus.
12
Dual FMS Knob – Flight Management System Knob. Press the FMS Knob to turn the selection cursor
ON and OFF. When the cursor is ON, data may be entered in the applicable window by turning the small
and large knobs. The large knob moves the cursor on the page, while the small knob selects individual
characters for the highlighted cursor location.
13
MENU Key – Displays a context-sensitive list of options. This list allows the user to access additional
features or make setting changes that relate to particular pages.
14
PROC Key – Gives access to IFR departure procedures (DPs), arrival procedures (STARs) and approach
procedures (IAPs) for a flight plan. If a flight plan is used, available procedures for the departure and/or
arrival airport are automatically suggested. These procedures can then be loaded into the active flight plan.
If a flight plan is not used, both the desired airport and the desired procedure may be selected.
15
ENT Key – Validates or confirms a menu selection or data entry.
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EIS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The following list provides an overview of the controls located on the PFD and MFD bezel (see Figure 1-2).
8
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
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SYSTEM OVERVIEW
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
AFCS CONTROLS
NOTE: With the exception of the FD and SPD Keys, if a key is selected, its respective annunciator is
2
3
4
19
18
17
16
5
6
7
13
12
8
EIS
1
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
illuminated.
14
11
10
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
15
9
Figure 1-3 AFCS Control Unit (GMC 710)
NAV Key – Selects/deselects Navigation Mode.
4
FD Key – Activates/deactivates the flight director in the default pitch and roll modes. If the autopilot is
engaged, the FD Key is disabled.
5
XFR Key – Switches the autopilot between the pilot-side and the copilot-side flight directors. This selection
also selects which air data computer is communicating with the active transponder and which PFD triggers
the altitude alert. Upon power-up, the pilot-side FD is selected.
6
ALT Key – Selects/deselects Altitude Hold Mode.
7
VS Key – Selects/deselects Vertical Speed Mode.
8
FLC Key – Selects/deselects Flight Level Change Mode.
9
CRS2 Knob – Sets the copilot-selected course on the HSI of PFD2 when the VOR1, VOR2, or OBS/SUSP
mode is selected. Pressing this knob centers the CDI on the currently selected VOR. The copilot-selected
course provides course reference to the copilot-side flight director when operating in Navigation and
Approach modes.
10
SPD Key – Disabled on Caravan. If pressed, “SPD NOT AVAIL” is annunciated on the PFD.
11
NOSE UP/DN Wheel – Controls the active mode reference for the Pitch, Vertical Speed, and Flight Level
Change modes.
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INDEX
3
APPENDICES
APR Key – Selects/deselects Approach Mode.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
2
AFCS
HDG Key – Selects/deselects Heading Select Mode.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
1
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
The GFC 700 AFCS is mainly controlled through the GMC 710 AFCS Control Unit. The AFCS Control Unit
consists of the following controls:
9
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
VNV Key – Selects/deselects Vertical Navigation mode.
13
ALT SEL Knob – Sets the selected altitude in the Selected Altitude Box. In addition to providing the
standard G1000 altitude alerter function, selected altitude provides an altitude setting for the Altitude
Capture/Hold mode of the AFCS.
14
YD Key – Engages/disengages the yaw damper.
15
AP Key – Engages/disengages the autopilot.
16
BANK Key – Selects/deselects Low Bank Mode.
17
CRS1 Knob – Sets the pilot-selected course on the HSI of PFD1 when the VOR1, VOR2, or OBS/SUSP mode
is selected. Pressing this knob centers the CDI on the currently selected VOR. The pilot-selected course
provides course reference to the pilot-side flight director when operating in Navigation and Approach
modes.
18
BC Key – Selects/deselects Back Course Mode.
19
HDG Knob – Sets the selected heading on the HSI. When operating in Heading Select mode, this knob
provides the heading reference to the flight director.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EIS
12
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
SYSTEM OVERVIEW
ADDITIONAL AFCS CONTROLS
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
The AP DISC (Autopilot Disconnect) Switch, CWS (Control Wheel Steering) Button, GO AROUND
Switch, and MEPT (Manual Electric Pitch Trim) Switch are additional AFCS controls and are located in the cockpit,
separately from the AFCS Control Unit. These are discussed in detail in the AFCS section.
10
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
190-00749-00 Rev. B
SYSTEM OVERVIEW
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
AUDIO PANEL CONTROLS
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
3
EIS
2
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
1
17
20
21
22
23
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
19
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
18
24
Figure 1-4 Audio Panel Controls (GMA 1347)
AFCS
NOTE: When a key is selected, a triangular annunciator above the key is illuminated.
COM1 – When selected, audio from the #1 COM receiver can be heard.
3
COM2 MIC – Selects the #2 transmitter for transmitting. COM2 is simultaneously selected when this key
is pressed allowing received audio from the #2 COM receiver to be heard. COM2 can be deselected by
pressing the COM2 Key, or COM1 can be added by pressing the COM1 Key.
4
COM2 – When selected, audio from the #2 COM receiver can be heard.
5
COM3 MIC – Not used on Cessna Caravan aircraft.
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Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
INDEX
2
APPENDICES
COM1 MIC – Selects the #1 transmitter for transmitting. COM1 is simultaneously selected when this key
is pressed allowing received audio from the #1 COM receiver to be heard. COM2 receiver audio can be
added by pressing the COM2 Key.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
1
11
COM3 – Not used on Cessna Caravan aircraft.
7
COM 1/2 – Split COM is disabled on Cessna Caravan aircraft.
8
TEL – Pressing this key selects and de-selects the airborne telephone.
9
PA – Selects the passenger address system. The selected Com transmitter is deselected when the PA Key
is pressed.
10
SPKR – Pressing this key selects and deselects the corresponding cockpit speaker. COM and NAV receiver
audio will be heard on the speaker.
11
MKR/MUTE – Mutes the currently received marker beacon receiver audio. Unmutes when new marker
beacon audio is received. Also, stops play of the clearance recorder.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
12
HI SENS – Press to increase marker beacon receiver sensitivity. Press again to return to normal.
13
DME – Pressing turns DME audio on or off.
14
NAV1 – When selected, audio from the #1 NAV receiver can be heard.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
15
ADF – Pressing turns on or off the audio from the ADF receiver.
16
NAV2 – When selected, audio from the #2 NAV receiver can be heard.
17
AUX – Not used on Cessna Caravan aircraft.
18
MAN SQ – Press to enable manual squelch for the intercom. When active, press the PILOT Knob to
illuminate ‘SQ’. Turn the PILOT/PASS Knobs to adjust squelch.
19
PLAY – Press once to play the last recorded audio. Pressing the PLAY Key during play begins playing the
previously recorded memory block. Each subsequent press of the PLAY Key will begin playing the next previously
recorded block. Press the MKR/MUTE Key to stop play.
20
PILOT – Pressing selects the pilot intercom isolation. Press again to deselect pilot isolation.
21
COPLT – Pressing selects the copilot intercom isolation. Press again to deselect copilot isolation.
22
PILOT Knob – Press to switch between volume and squelch control as indicated by the ‘VOL’ or ‘SQ’ being
illuminated. Turn to adjust intercom volume or squelch. The MAN SQ Key must be selected to allow
squelch adjustment.
23
PASS Knob – Turn to adjust Copilot/Passenger intercom volume or squelch. The MAN SQ Key must be
selected to allow squelch adjustment.
24
Reversionary Mode (Display Backup) Button – Pressing manually selects Reversionary Mode.
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
EIS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
6
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
SYSTEM OVERVIEW
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Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
190-00749-00 Rev. B
SYSTEM OVERVIEW
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
1.4 SECURE DIGITAL CARDS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
NOTE: Ensure the G1000 System is powered off before inserting an SD card.
NOTE: Refer to Appendix B for instructions on updating databases.
EIS
The PFD and MFD data card slots use Secure Digital (SD) cards and are located on the upper right side of the
display bezels. Each display bezel is equipped with two SD card slots. SD cards are used for aviation database
and system software updates as well as terrain database storage.
Installing an SD card:
1) Insert the SD card in the SD card slot (the front of the card should be flush with the face of the display bezel).
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
2) To eject the card, gently press on the SD card to release the spring latch.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
SD Card Slots
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Figure 1-5 Display Bezel SD Card Slots
APPENDICES
INDEX
190-00749-00 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
13
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
SYSTEM OVERVIEW
1.5 SYSTEM POWER-UP
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
NOTE: Refer to the Appendices for AHRS initialization bank angle limitations.
NOTE: See the Appendices for additional information regarding system-specific annunciations and alerts.
NOTE: See the Pilot’s Operating Handbook (POHAFM) for specific procedures concerning avionics power
EIS
The G1000 system is integrated with the aircraft electrical system and receives power directly from electrical
busses. The G1000 PFDs, MFD and supporting sub-systems include both power-on and continuous built-in test
features that exercise the processor, RAM, ROM, external inputs and outputs to provide safe operation.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
application and emergency power supply operation.
During system initialization, test annunciations are displayed, as shown in Figure 1-7. All system annunciations
should disappear typically within one minute of power-up. Upon power-up, key annunciator lights also become
momentarily illuminated on the audio panels, the control units and the display bezels.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
On the PFD, the AHRS begins to initialize and displays ‘AHRS ALIGN: Keep Wings Level’. The AHRS should
display valid attitude and heading fields typically within one minute of power-up. The AHRS can align itself both
while taxiing and during level flight.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
When the MFD powers up (Figure 1-8), the MFD Power-up Page displays the following information:
• System version
• Terrain database name and version
• Copyright
• Aviation database name, version, and effective dates
• Land database name and version
• Chartview database information
• Obstacle database name and version
• Safe Taxi database information
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
Current database information includes the valid operating dates, cycle number and database type. When this
information has been reviewed for currency (to ensure that no databases have expired), the pilot is prompted to
continue. Pressing the ENT Key acknowledges this information and displays the (MAP) Navigation Map Page.
Figure 1-7 PFD Initialization
14
Figure 1-8 MFD Power-up Page
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
190-00749-00 Rev. B
SYSTEM OVERVIEW
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
1.6 SYSTEM OPERATION
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The displays are connected together via a single Ethernet bus, thus allowing for high-speed communication.
This section discusses the normal and reversionary modes of operation as well as the various AHRS modes of the
G1000 system.
In the event of display failure, the display modes are as follows:
• PFD1 failure – MFD enters reversionary mode.
• MFD failure – PFD1 and PFD 2 enter reversionary mode.
EIS
• PFD2 failure – No reversionary mode available. PFD 1 and the MFD function normally.
NORMAL OPERATION
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
PFD
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
In normal mode, the PFD presents graphical flight instrumentation (attitude, heading, airspeed, altitude
and vertical speed), thereby replacing the traditional flight instrument cluster. The PFD also offers control for
COM and NAV frequency selection.
MFD
In normal mode, the right portion of the MFD displays a full-color moving map with navigation information,
while the left portion of the MFD is dedicated to the Engine Indication System (EIS).
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure 1-9 gives an example of the G1000 displays in normal mode.
AFCS
PFD1
MFD
PFD2
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Figure 1-9 Normal Operation
REVERSIONARY MODE
APPENDICES
NOTE: The G1000 system alerts the pilot when backup paths are utilized by the LRUs. Refer to the Appendices
for further information regarding system-specific alerts.
190-00749-00 Rev. B
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INDEX
In the event of PFD1 or MFD failure, reversionary (or backup) mode is selected by pressing the red Display
Backup Button on the Audio Panel. Reversionary mode is a mode of operation in which all important
flight information is presented on at least one of the remaining displays (see Figure 1-10). Transition to
reversionary mode should be straightforward for the pilot, for flight parameters are presented in the same
format as in normal mode.
15
EIS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
SYSTEM OVERVIEW
Figure 1-10 Reversionary Mode
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Pressing the D I S P L AY
BACKUP button activates/
deactivates reversionary
mode for both the on-side
PFD and the MFD.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Figure 1-11 DISPLAY BACKUP Button
Each display can be configured to operate in reversionary mode, as follows:
• PFD1 – By pressing the DISPLAY BACKUP button on the audio panel.
• MFD – By pressing the DISPLAY BACKUP button on the audio panel.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
• PFD2 – By pressing the DISPLAY BACKUP button on the audio panel.
AFCS
Should the connection between PFD1 and GIA #1 or the MFD and GIA #2 become inoperative, the associated
GIA 63W can no longer communicate with the remaining display(s) (refer to Figure 1-1). As a result, the NAV
and COM functions provided to the failed display(s) by the associated GIA 63W are flagged (red “X”) as invalid
(see Figure 1-12).
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Figure 1-12 Inoperative Input (NAV1 Shown)
AHRS OPERATION
APPENDICES
NOTE: Refer to the Appendices for specific AHRS alert information.
NOTE: Aggressive maneuvering in any of the three reversionary modes listed in Table 1-1 can degrade AHRS
accuracy.
INDEX
In addition to using internal sensors, the GRS 77 AHRS uses GPS information, magnetic field data and air
data to assist in attitude/heading calculations. In normal mode, the AHRS relies upon GPS and magnetic
field measurements. If either of these external measurements is unavailable or invalid, the AHRS uses air
data information for attitude determination. Four AHRS modes of operation are available (see Figure 1-13)
16
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
190-00749-00 Rev. B
SYSTEM OVERVIEW
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
and depend upon the combination of available sensor inputs. Loss of air data, GPS, or magnetometer sensor
inputs is communicated to the pilot by message advisory alerts.
unavailable
available
unavailable
available
unavailable
available
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
le
ab
Attitude/Heading Invalid
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AHRS
no-GPS
Mode
ail
av
un
AHRS no- AHRS no-Mag/
Mag Mode
no-Air Mode
Heading Invalid
Air Data
available
available
Air Data
AHRS Normal
Operation
Magnetometer Data
EIS
unavailable
Magnetometer Data
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
GPS Data
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure 1-13 AHRS Operation
GPS INPUT FAILURE
AFCS
NOTE: In-flight initialization of AHRS, when operating without any valid source of GPS data and at true
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
air speed values greater than approximately 175 knots, is not guaranteed. Under these rare conditions, it
is possible for in-flight AHRS initialization to take an indefinite amount of time which would result in an
extended period of time where valid AHRS outputs are unavailable.
APPENDICES
The G1000 system provides two sources of GPS information. If a single GPS receiver fails, or if the
information provided from one of the GPS receivers is unreliable, the AHRS seamlessly transitions to using the
other GPS receiver. An alert message informs the pilot of the use of the backup GPS path. If both GPS inputs
fail, the AHRS continues to operate in reversionary No-GPS mode so long as the air data and magnetometer
inputs are available and valid.
AIR DATA INPUT FAILURE
190-00749-00 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
INDEX
A failure of the air data input has no effect on AHRS output while AHRS is operating in normal mode. A
failure of the air data input while the AHRS is operating in reversionary No-GPS mode results in invalid
attitude and heading information on the PFD (as indicated by red “X” flags).
17
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
SYSTEM OVERVIEW
MAGNETOMETER FAILURE
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
If the magnetometer input fails, the AHRS transitions to one of the reversionary No-Magnetometer modes
and continues to output valid attitude information. However, if the aircraft is airborne, the heading output
on the PFD does become invalid (as indicated by a red “X”).
G1000 SYSTEM ANNUNCIATIONS
NOTE: For a detailed description of all annunciations and alerts, refer to Appendix A. Refer to the Airplane
EIS
Flight Manual (AFM) for additional information regarding pilot responses to these annunciations.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
When an LRU or an LRU function fails, a large red “X” is typically displayed on windows associated with
the failed data (Figure 1-14 displays all possible flags and responsible LRUs). Upon G1000 power-up, certain
windows remain invalid as equipment begins to initialize. All windows should be operational within one
minute of power-up. If any window remains flagged, the G1000 system should be serviced by a Garminauthorized repair facility.
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
GIA 63W
Integrated
Avionics Units
GDC 74A Air
Data Computer
GEA 71 Engine
Airframe Unit
OR
GIA 63W
Integrated
Avionics Unit
GRS 77 AHRS
OR
GMU 44
Magnetometer
Fuel Quantity
Signal
Conditioner
GIA 63W
Integrated
Avionics Units
GEA 71 Engine
Airframe Unit
GTX 33/D
Transponder
OR
GIA 63W
Integrated
Avionics Units
GDC 74A Air
Data Computer
Figure 1-14 G1000 System Failure Annunciations
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
GIA 63W
Integrated
Avionics Units
18
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
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SYSTEM OVERVIEW
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
SOFTKEY FUNCTION
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The softkeys are located along the bottoms of the displays. The softkeys shown depend on the softkey level
or page being displayed. The bezel keys below the softkeys can be used to select the appropriate softkey. When
a softkey is selected, its color changes to black text on gray background and remains this way until it is turned
off, at which time it reverts to white text on black background.
In the following descriptions, top level softkeys are denoted by bullets.
Softkey
On
Bezel-Mounted
Softkeys (press)
Softkey Names
(displayed)
EIS
Figure 1-15 Softkeys (Second-Level PFD Configuration)
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
PFD SOFTKEYS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
The CDI, IDENT, TMR/REF, NRST, and ALERTS Softkeys undergo a momentary change to black text on
gray background and automatically switch back to white text on black background when selected. If alerts
remain after acknowledgement, the ALERTS Softkey will be black on white.
INSET
OFF
DCLTR (3)
APPENDICES
XM LTNG
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
TERRAIN
STRMSCP
NEXRAD
Displays Inset Map in PFD lower left corner
Removes Inset Map
Selects desired amount of map detail; cycles through declutter levels:
DCLTR (No Declutter): All map features visible
DCLTR-1: Declutters land data
DCLTR-2: Declutters land and SUA data
DCLTR-3: Removes everything except for the active flight
plan
Displays traffic information on Inset Map
Displays topographical data (e.g., coastlines, terrain, rivers, lakes)
and elevation scale on Inset Map
Displays terrain information on Inset Map
Displays Stormscope information on Inset Map (optional feature)
Displays NEXRAD weather and coverage information on Inset Map
(optional feature)
Displays XM lightning information on Inset Map (optional feature)
AFCS
TRAFFIC
TOPO
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
The PFD softkeys provide control over flight management functions, including GPS, NAV, terrain, traffic,
and lightning (optional). Each softkey sublevel has a BACK Softkey which can be pressed to return to
the previous level. The ALERTS Softkey is visible in all softkey levels. For the top level softkeys and the
transponder (XPDR) levels, the IDENT Softkey remains visible.
INDEX
190-00749-00 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
19
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
SYSTEM OVERVIEW
Displays softkeys for selecting the #1 and #2 AHRS and Air Data
Computers
Selects the #1 Air Data Computer
Selects the #2 Air Data Computer
Selects the #1 AHRS
Selects the #2 AHRS
Displays second-level softkeys for additional PFD configurations
Resets PFD to default settings, including changing units to standard
SENSOR
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
ADC1
ADC2
AHRS1
AHRS2
PFD
DFLTS
EIS
WIND
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
OPTN 1
OPTN 2
OPTN 3
OFF
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
BRG1
HSI FRMT
360 HSI
Displays softkeys to select wind data parameters
Wind direction arrows with headwind and crosswind components
Wind direction arrow and speed
Wind direction arrow with direction and speed
Information not displayed
Cycles the Bearing 1 Information Window through NAV1, GPS/
waypoint identifier and GPS-derived distance information, and ADF/
frequency.
Provides access to the HSI formatting softkeys
Displays the HSI in a 360 degree view
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
ARC HSI Displays the HSI as an arc
Cycles the Bearing 2 Information Window through NAV2 or GPS
waypoint identifier and GPS-derived distance information, and ADF/
frequency.
Displays softkeys for setting the altimeter and BARO settings to
ALT UNIT
metric units
METERS When enabled, displays altimeter in meters
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
BRG2
STD
BARO
APPENDICES
OBS
CDI
DME
XPDR
INDEX
XPDR1
XPDR2
20
IN
Press to display the BARO setting as inches of mercury
HPA
Press to display the BARO setting as hectopacals
Sets barometric pressure to 29.92 in Hg (1013 hPa if metric units
are selected)
Selects OBS mode on the CDI when navigating by GPS (only
available with active leg)
Cycles through GPS, VOR1, and VOR2 navigation modes on the CDI
Displays the DME Tuning Window, allowing DME mode selection
Displays transponder mode selection softkeys
Selects the #1 transponder as active
Selects the #2 transponder as active
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
190-00749-00 Rev. B
SYSTEM OVERVIEW
GND
0—7
BKSP
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
TMR/REF
NRST
ALERTS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
IDENT
EIS
VFR
CODE
Selects standby mode (transponder does not reply to any
interrogations)
Selects Mode A (transponder replies to interrogations)
Selects Mode C – altitude reporting mode (transponder replies to
identification and altitude interrogations)
Manually selects Ground Mode, the transponder does not allow
Mode A and Mode C replies, but it does permit acquisition squitter
and replies to discretely addressed Mode S interrogations
Automatically enters the VFR code (1200 in the U.S.A. only)
Displays transponder code selection softkeys 0-7
Use numbers to enter code
Removes numbers entered, one at a time
Activates the Special Position Identification (SPI) pulse for 18
seconds, identifying the transponder return on the ATC screen
Displays Timer/References Window
Displays Nearest Airports Window
Displays Alerts Window
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
ON
ALT
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
STBY
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
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21
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
SYSTEM OVERVIEW
ALERTS
CAS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
CAS ↑
CAS ↓
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EIS
Figure 1-16 Top Level PFD Softkeys
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
ALERTS
ALERTS
STRMSCP
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
TRFC-1
Select the BACK or OFF Softkey
to return to the top-level softkeys.
TRFC-2
AFCS
Figure 1-17 INSET Softkeys
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
ALERTS
APPENDICES
ADC1
ADC2
AHRS1
AHRS2
BACK
ALERTS
Select the BACK Softkey to
return to the top level softkeys.
INDEX
Figure 1-18 SENSOR Softkeys
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SYSTEM OVERVIEW
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
ALERTS
ALERTS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
ALT UNIT
Select the STD BARO or
BACK Softkey to return to
the top-level softkeys
EIS
IN
HPA
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
METERS
ALERTS
ALERTS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Figure 1-19 PFD Configuration Softkeys
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
ALERTS
AFCS
ALERTS
Select the BACK Softkey to return
to the top-level softkeys.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
ALERTS
APPENDICES
Select the BACK Softkey to return
to the top-level softkeys.
Figure 1-20 XPDR Softkeys
INDEX
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23
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
SYSTEM OVERVIEW
MFD SOFTKEYS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
CAS
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EIS
ENGINE
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
MAP
24
Displayed only when a sufficient number of items are
displayed in the Annunciation Window to warrant scrolling
When available, scolls up through the caution alerts when
CAS ↑
pressed
When available, scolls down through the caution alerts when
CAS ↓
pressed
Displays EIS softkeys (refer to the EIS section)
Accesses the System EIS Display
SYSTEM
Monitors EIS trends for 5 seconds and saves the average and
TRND/ACK
maximum values (if no ADASd-generated alerts exist)
Acknowledges ADASd-generated alerts, if any exist
Captures EIS data for the previous 2 minutes of ADASd
CAPTURE
history and continues capturing EIS data for 2 minutes after
softkey selection
Resets the fuel totalizer fuel remaining and the displayed fuel
RST FUEL
used to zero
Accesses softkeys for manually adjusting the fuel totalizer
LB REM
amount of fuel remaining
Decreases the displayed fuel remaining in 10-lb increments
-10 LB
Decreases the displayed fuel remaining in 1-lb increments
-1 LB
Increases the displayed fuel remaining in 1-lb increments
+1 LB
Increases the displayed fuel remaining in 10-lb increments
+10 LB
+100 LB Increases the displayed fuel remaining in 100-lb increments
+1000 LB Increases the displayed fuel remaining by 1000 lb
2224 LB Resets the displayed fuel remaining to the aircraft’s fuel
capacity
Enables second-level Navigation Map softkeys
Displays traffic information on Navigation Map
TRAFFIC
Displays topographical data (e.g., coastlines, terrain, rivers,
TOPO
lakes) and elevation scale on Navigation Map
Displays terrain information on Navigation Map
TERRAIN
Displays airways on the map; cycles through the following:
AIRWAYS
AIRWAYS: No airways are displayed
(Default label
AIRWY ON: All airways are displayed
is dependant
AIRWY LO: Only low altitude airways are displayed
on map setup
AIRWY HI: Only high altitude airways are displayed
option selected)
Displays Stormscope information on Navigation Map
STRMSCP
(optional feature)
Displays NEXRAD weather and coverage information on
NEXRAD
Navigation Map (optional feature)
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
190-00749-00 Rev. B
SYSTEM OVERVIEW
BACK
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
CHKLIST
EIS
SHW CHRT
Displays XM lightning information on Navigation Map
(optional feature)
Returns to top-level softkeys
Selects desired amount of map detail; cycles through declutter
levels:
DCLTR (No Declutter): All map features visible
DCLTR-1: Declutters land data
DCLTR-2: Declutters land and SUA data
DCLTR-3: Removes everything except for the active flight
plan
When available, displays optional airport and terminal
procedure charts
When available, displays optional checklists
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
DCLTR (3)
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
XM LTNG
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
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25
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
SYSTEM OVERVIEW
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
ENGINE
DCLTR
MAP
SHW CHRT
CHKLIST
(optional)
(optional)
DCLTR-1
SYSTEM
ENGINE
TRND/ACK
CAPTURE
BACK
DCLTR-2
DCLTR-3
Press the BACK Softkey to return
to the previous softkey level.
EIS
(Default softkey
is dependant on
the selection made
in the map setup
options)
TRAFFIC
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Press the ENGINE Softkey to
the default Engine Page level.
ENGINE
SYSTEM
TRND/ACK
TOPO
TERRAIN
Press the BACK Softkey to return
to the previous softkey level.
CAPTURE
RST FUEL
LB REM
Press the BACK Softkey on this
level to return to the top softkey level.
AIRWAYS
(optional)
(optional)
(optional)
STRMSCP
NEXRAD
XM LTNG
BACK
AIRWY ON
BACK
AIRWY LO
AIRWAY HI
Press the BACK Softkey to return
to the previous softkey level.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Press the ENGINE Softkey to
the default Engine Page level.
ENGINE
SYSTEM
-10 LB
-1 LB
+1 LB
+10 LB
+1000 LB
+100 LB
BACK
2224 LB
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
X = airframe specific values
The DONE Softkey changes to UNDO when the checklist
item is already checked.
ENGINE
DONE
EXIT
EMERGCY
Figure 1-21 MFD Softkeys
AFCS
GPS RECEIVER OPERATION
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Each GIA 63W Integrated Avionics Unit (IAU) contains a GPS receiver. Information collected by the specified
receiver (GPS1 for the #1 IAU or GPS2 for the #2 IAU) may be viewed on the AUX - GPS Status Page.
APPENDICES
GPS1 provides information to the pilot-side PFD and GPS2 provides data to the copilot-side PFD. Internal
system checking is performed to ensure both GPS receivers are providing accurate data to the PFDs. In some
circumstances, both GPS receivers may be providing accurate data, but one receiver may be providing a better
GPS solution than the other receiver. In this case the GPS receiver producing the better solution is automatically
coupled to both PFDs. “BOTH ON GPS 1” or “BOTH ON GPS 2” are then displayed in the Reversionary Sensor
Window (see Appendix A) indicating which GPS receiver is being used. Both GPS receivers are still functioning
properly, but one receiver is performing better than the other at that particular time.
INDEX
These GPS sensor annunciations are most often seen after system power-up when one GPS receiver has
acquired satellites before the other, or one of the GPS receivers has not yet acquired a WAAS signal. While
the aircraft is on the ground, the WAAS signal may be blocked by obstructions causing one GPS receiver to
have difficulty acquiring a good signal. Also, while airborne, turning the aircraft may result in one of the GPS
receivers temporarily losing the WAAS signal.
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SYSTEM OVERVIEW
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
If the sensor annunciation persists, check for a system failure message in the Messages Window on the PFD.
If no failure message exists, check the GPS Status Page and compare the information for GPS1 and GPS2.
Discrepancies may indicate a problem.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Viewing GPS receiver status information
1) Use the large FMS Knob to select the Auxiliary Page Group (see Section 1.7 for information on navigating MFD
page groups).
2) Use the small FMS Knob to select GPS Status Page.
Selecting the GPS receiver for which data may be reviewed
EIS
1) Use the FMS Knob to select the AUX - GPS Status Page.
2) To change the selected GPS receiver:
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
a) Select the desired GPS Softkey.
Or:
a) Press the MENU Key.
Satellite Constellation
Diagram
Satellite Signal
Information Status
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
b) Use the FMS Knob to highlight the receiver which is not selected and press the ENT Key.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
GPS Receiver
Status
RAIM
Availability
Prediction
AFCS
SBAS
Selected
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Satellite Signal
Strength Bars
APPENDICES
RAIM Softkey
Selected
190-00749-00 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
INDEX
Figure 1-22 GPS Status Page (RAIM or SBAS Selected)
SBAS Softkey
Selected
27
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
SYSTEM OVERVIEW
The GPS Status Page provides the following information:
• Satellite constellation diagram
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Satellites currently in view are shown at their respective positions on a sky view diagram. The sky view is
always in a north-up orientation, with the outer circle representing the horizon, the inner circle representing
45° above the horizon, and the center point showing the position directly overhead.
Each satellite is represented by an oval containing the Pseudo-random noise (PRN) number (i.e., satellite
identification number). Satellites whose signals are currently being used are represented by solid ovals.
• Satellite signal information status
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EIS
The accuracy of the aircraft’s GPS fix is calculated using Estimated Position Uncertainty (EPU), Dilution
of Precision (DOP), and horizontal and vertical figures of merit (HFOM and VFOM). EPU is the radius of a
circle centered on an estimated horizontal position in which actual position has 95% probability of laying.
EPU is a statistical error indication and not an actual error measurement.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
DOP measures satellite geometry quality (i.e., number of satellites received and where they are relative to
each other) on a range from 0.0 to 9.9, with lower numbers denoting better accuracy. HFOM and VFOM,
measures of horizontal and vertical position uncertainty, are the current 95% confidence horizontal and
vertical accuracy values reported by the GPS receiver.
The current calculated GPS position, time, altitude, ground speed, and track for the aircraft are displayed
below the satellite signal accuracy measurements.
• GPS receiver status
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
The GPS solution type (ACQUIRING, 2D NAV, 2D DIFF NAV, 3D NAV, 3D DIFF NAV) for the active
GPS receiver (GPS1 or GPS2) is shown in the upper right of the GPS Status Page. When the receiver is
in the process of acquiring enough satellite signals for navigation, the receiver uses satellite orbital data
(collected continuously from the satellites) and last known position to determine the satellites that should be
in view. ACQUIRING is indicated as the solution until a sufficient number of satellites have been acquired
for computing a solution.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
When the receiver is in the process of acquiring a 3D differential GPS solution, 3D NAV is indicated as the
solution until the 3D differential fix has finished acquisition. SBAS (Satellite-Based Augmentation System)
indicates INACTIVE. When acquisition is complete, the solution status indicates 3D DIFF NAV and SBAS
indicates ACTIVE.
• RAIM (Receiver Autonomous Integrity Monitoring) Prediction (RAIM Softkey is selected)
APPENDICES
In most cases performing a RAIM prediction is not be necessary. However, in some cases, the selected
approach may be outside the WAAS coverage area and it may be necessary to perform a RAIM prediction for
the intended approach.
INDEX
Receiver Autonomous Integrity Monitoring (RAIM) is a GPS receiver function that performs a consistency
check on all tracked satellites. RAIM ensures that the available satellite geometry allows the receiver to
calculate a position within a specified RAIM protection limit (2.0 nautical miles for oceanic and enroute, 1.0
nm for terminal, and 0.3 nm for non-precision approaches). During oceanic, enroute, and terminal phases of
flight, RAIM is available nearly 100% of the time.
The RAIM prediction function also indicates whether RAIM is available at a specified date and time. RAIM
computations predict satellite coverage within ±15 min of the specified arrival date and time.
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SYSTEM OVERVIEW
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Because of the tighter protection limit on approaches, there may be times when RAIM is not available. The
G1000 automatically monitors RAIM and warns with an alert message when it is not available. If RAIM is not
predicted to be available for the final approach course, the approach does not become active, as indicated by
the messages “Approach is not active” and “RAIM not available from FAF to MAP”. If RAIM is not available
when crossing the FAF, the missed approach procedure must be flown.
Predicting RAIM availability
1) Select the GPS Status Page.
2) If necessary, select the RAIM Softkey.
EIS
3) Press the FMS Knob. The ‘WAYPOINT’ field is highlighted.
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to display the Waypoint Information Window.
5) Enter the desired waypoint:
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
a) Use the FMS Knob to enter the desired waypoint by identifier, facility, or city name and press the ENT Key. Refer
to Section 1.7 for instructions on entering alphanumeric data into the G1000.
Or:
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
a) Use the large FMS Knob to scroll to the Most Recent Waypoints List.
b) Use the small FMS Knob to highlight the desired waypoint in the list and press the ENT Key. The G1000
automatically fills in the identifier, facility, and city fields with the information for the selected waypoint.
c) Press the ENT Key to accept the waypoint entry.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
6) Use the FMS Knob to enter an arrival time and press the ENT Key.
7) Use the FMS Knob to enter an arrival date and press the ENT Key.
8) With the cursor highlighting ‘COMPUTE RAIM?’, press the ENT Key. Once RAIM availability is computed, one
of the following is displayed:
AFCS
• ‘COMPUTE RAIM?’—RAIM has not been computed for the current waypoint, time, and date combination
• ‘COMPUTING AVAILABILITY’—RAIM calculation in progress
• ‘RAIM AVAILABLE’—RAIM is predicted to be available for the specified waypoint, time, and date
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
• ‘RAIM NOT AVAILABLE’—RAIM is predicted to be unavailable for the specified waypoint, time, and date
Predicting RAIM availability at present position
1) Select the GPS Status Page.
APPENDICES
2) If necessary, select the RAIM Softkey.
3) Press the FMS Knob. The ‘WAYPOINT’ field is highlighted.
4) Press the MENU Key.
5) With ‘Set WPT to Present Position’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
INDEX
6) Press the ENT Key to accept the waypoint entry.
7) Use the FMS Knob to enter an arrival time and press the ENT Key.
8) Use the FMS Knob to enter an arrival date and press the ENT Key.
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29
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
SYSTEM OVERVIEW
9) With the cursor highlighting ‘COMPUTE RAIM?’, press the ENT Key. Once RAIM availability is computed, one
of the following is displayed:
• ‘COMPUTE RAIM?’—RAIM has not been computed for the current waypoint, time, and date combination
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
• ‘COMPUTING AVAILABILITY’—RAIM calculation in progress
• ‘RAIM AVAILABLE’—RAIM is predicted to be available for the specified waypoint, time, and date
• ‘RAIM NOT AVAILABLE’—RAIM is predicted to be unavailable for the specified waypoint, time, and date
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EIS
• SBAS Selection (SBAS Softkey is selected)(WAAS capable systems only)
In certain situations, such as when the aircraft is outside or on the fringe of the WAAS coverage area, it may
be desireable to disable WAAS (although it is not recommended). When disabled, the SBAS field in the GPS
Status box indicates DISABLED.
Disabling WAAS
1) Select the GPS Status Page.
2) If necessary, select the SBAS Softkey.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
3) Press the FMS Knob. ‘WAAS’ is highlighted.
4) Press the ENT Key to uncheck the box.
5) Press the FMS Knob to remove the cursor.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
• GPS Satellite Signal Strengths
The GPS Status Page can be helpful in troubleshooting weak (or missing) signal levels due to poor satellite
coverage or installation problems. As the GPS receiver locks onto satellites, a signal strength bar is displayed
for each satellite in view, with the appropriate satellite PRN number (01-32 or 120-138 for WAAS) below each
bar. The progress of satellite acquisition is shown in three stages, as indicated by signal bar appearance:
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
- No bar—Receiver is looking for the indicated satellite
- Hollow bar—Receiver has found the satellite and is collecting data
- Light blue bar—Receiver has collected the necessary data and the satellite signal can be used
- Green bar—Satellite is being used for the GPS solution
- Checkered bar—Receiver has excluded the satellite (Fault Detection and Exclusion)
- “D” indication—Denotes the satellite is being used as part of the differential computations
APPENDICES
Each satellite has a 30-second data transmission that must be collected (signal strength bar is hollow) before
the satellite may be used for navigation (signal strength bar becomes solid).
1.7 ACCESSING G1000 FUNCTIONALITY
MENUS
INDEX
The G1000 has a MENU Key that, when pressed, displays a context-sensitive list of options. This options list
allows the user to access additional features or make settings changes which specifically relate to the currently
displayed window/page. There is no all-encompassing menu. Some menus provide access to additional
submenus that are used to view, edit, select, and review options. Menus display ‘NO OPTIONS’ when there are
30
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
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SYSTEM OVERVIEW
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
no options for the window/page selected. The main controls used in association with all window/page group
operations are described in section 1.3. Softkey selection does not display menus or submenus.
Navigating the Page Menu Window
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
1) Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu Window.
2) Turn the FMS Knob to scroll through a list of available options (a scroll bar appears to the right of the window
when the option list is longer than the window).
3) Press the ENT Key to select the desired option.
EIS
4) The CLR Key may be pressed to remove the menu and cancel the operation. Pressing the FMS Knob also
removes the displayed menu.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
No Options with
NRST Window
Displayed on
the PFD
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Options with
FPL Window
Displayed
Figure 1-23 Page Menu Examples
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
MFD PAGE GROUPS
NOTE: Refer to the GPS Navigation, Hazard Avoidance, and Additional Features sections for details on
specific pages.
AFCS
The page group and active page title box are displayed in the upper center of the screen, below the Navigation
Status Box.
Active Page Title
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Page Group
Figure 1-24 Page Title Box
APPENDICES
In the bottom right corner of the screen, the current page group, number of pages available in the group, and
placement of the current page within the group are indicated.
INDEX
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31
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
SYSTEM OVERVIEW
Page Groups
Pages in Current Group
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Selected Page
Figure 1-25 Page Group Icons
EIS
The MFD displays information in four main page groups; specific pages within each group can vary depending
on the configuration of optional equipment.
Selecting a page using the FMS Knob
1) Turn the large FMS Knob until the desired page group is selected.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
2) Turn the small FMS Knob until the desired page is selected.
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
There are also several pages (Airport Information and XM Information pages) which are selected first from
within a main page group with the FMS Knobs, then with the appropriate softkey at the bottom of the page. In
this case, the page remains set to the selected screen until a different screen softkey is pressed.
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Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
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SYSTEM OVERVIEW
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Map Pages (MAP)
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Navigation Map
Traffic Map
Weather Radar
EIS
Weather Data Link (service
optional)
Terrain Proximity or TAWS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Figure 1-26 Map Pages
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Waypoint Pages (WPT)
Airport Information pages
- Airport Information
(INFO Softkey)
AFCS
- Departure Information
(DP Softkey)
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
- Arrival Information
(STAR Softkey)
- Approach Information
(APR Softkey)
APPENDICES
- Weather Information
(WX Softkey)
Intersection Information
NDB Information
Airport
Information
Pages
VOR Information
INDEX
User Waypoint Information
Figure 1-27 Waypoint Pages
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33
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
SYSTEM OVERVIEW
Auxiliary Pages (AUX)
Trip Planning
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Utility
GPS Status
System Setup
XM Satellite pages
EIS
- XM Information
(INFO Softkey)
XM
Satellite
Pages
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
- XM Radio
(RADIO Softkey)
System Status
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Figure 1-28 Auxiliary Pages
Nearest Pages (NRST)
Nearest Airports
AFCS
Nearest Intersections
Nearest NDB
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Nearest VOR
Nearest User Waypoints
Nearest Frequencies
APPENDICES
Nearest Airspaces
INDEX
Figure 1-29 Nearest Pages
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Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
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SYSTEM OVERVIEW
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
In addition to the main page groups accessed exclusively using the FMS Knobs, there are pages for flight
planning (FPL) and loading procedures (PROC) which are accessed by bezel key. In some instances, softkeys
may be used to access the Procedure Pages.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The Flight Plan Pages are accessed using the FPL Key on the MFD. Main pages within this group are selected
by turning the small FMS Knob.
Flight Plan Pages (FPL)
EIS
Active Flight Plan
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
- Wide View, Narrow View
(VIEW Softkey)
Flight Plan Catalog
or
Stored Flight Plan (NEW Softkey)
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Narrow and
Wide View
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure 1-30 Flight Plan Pages
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
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Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
35
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
SYSTEM OVERVIEW
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The Procedure pages may be accessed at any time on the MFD by pressing the PROC Key. A menu is
initialized, and when a departure, approach, or arrival is selected, the appropriate Procedure Loading Page is
opened. Turning the FMS Knob does not scroll through the Procedure pages (note the single page icon in the
lower right corner).
Procedure Pages
(PROC)
EIS
Departure Loading
Arrival Loading
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Approach Loading
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure 1-31 Procedure Pages
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
For some of these pages (Airport Information pages, XM Satellite pages, Procedure pages), the title of the page
may change while the page icon remains the same.
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Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
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SYSTEM OVERVIEW
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
MFD SYSTEM PAGES
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
In the Auxiliary (AUX) Page Group, there are two system pages: System Setup (page 4 of 6) and System Status
(page 6 of 6). The System Setup Page allows management of various system parameters, while the System
Status Page displays the status of all G1000 system LRUs.
SYSTEM SETUP PAGE
The System Setup Page allows management of the following system parameters:
• MFD Data Bar fields
• Displayed measurement units
• GPS Course Deviation Indicator (CDI) range
• Baro transition alert (see Flight Instruments
Section)
• COM transceiver channel spacing
• Airspace alerts
• Synchronizing the CDI and barometric pressure
setting on the PFDs
• Displayed nearest airports
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
• Arrival alerts (see Flight Management Section)
EIS
• Time display format (local or UTC )
• Audio alert voice
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
Figure 1-32 System Setup Page
DATE/TIME
190-00749-00 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
INDEX
The Date/Time Box on the System Setup Page displays the current date and time and allows the pilot
to set the time format (local 12-hr, local 24-hr, or UTC) and offset. The time offset is used to define
current local time. UTC (also called “GMT” or “Zulu”) date and time are calculated directly from the GPS
satellites signals and cannot be changed. When using a local time format, designate the offset by adding or
subtracting the desired number of hours.
37
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
SYSTEM OVERVIEW
To set the system time format:
1) While on the System Setup Page, press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the time format field in the Date/Time Box.
3) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the desired system time format (local 12hr, local 24hr, UTC) and press the
ENT Key.
To set the current time offset:
1) While on the System Setup Page, press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
EIS
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the time offset field in the Date/Time Box.
3) Turn the FMS Knobs to enter the time offset and press the ENT Key.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
DISPLAY UNITS
The Display Units Box on the System Setup Page allows configuration of the measurement units used for
the following displayed data:
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
• Nav angle (magnetic, true)
Affects the BRG field in the PFD Navigation Status Box.
Affects the BRG, DTK, TKE, TRK, and XTK fields in the MFD Navigation Status Box.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
When set to ‘AUTO’, magnetic variation is figured into the displayed value. When ‘TRUE’ is selected,
no magnetic variation is calculated and a ‘T’ is displayed next to the value.
• Distance and speed (metric, nautical)
Affects the DIS field in the PFD Navigation Status Box and the range setting of the Inset Map.
Affects all distance and speed displays on the MFD with the exception of the displayed wind speed
displayed on the Navigation Map Page. Wind speed is affected on the Trip Planning Page.
AFCS
• Altitude and vertical speed (feet, meters)
Affects the Altitude and Vertical Speed References in the AFCS Status Box on the PFD.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Affects all altitude and elevation displays on the MFD, with the exception of VNAV altitudes on the
Active Flight Plan Page.
• Barometric pressure (inches of mercury, hectopascals)
Affects the altimeter setting on the PFD and the pressure display on the Trip Planning Page.
APPENDICES
• Temperature (Celsius, Fahrenheit)
Affects all temperature displays on the PFD.
Affects the temperature display on the Trip Planning Page. Does not affect the Engine Indicating
System display.
• Fuel and fuel flow (pounds)
INDEX
Affects all fuel and fuel flow displays.
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SYSTEM OVERVIEW
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
• Weight (pounds, kilograms)
Affects aircraft weights on the Weight Planning Page.
• Position (HDDD°MM.MM’, HDDD°MM’SS.S”, MGRS, UTM/UPS)
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Affects all position displays.
To change a Display Units setting:
1) While on the System Setup Page, press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the desired field in the Display Units Box.
EIS
3) Turn the small FMS Knob to select from a list of measurement units and press the ENT Key when the desired
unit is highlighted. Press the CLR Key to cancel the action without changing the units.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
AIRSPACE ALERTS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
The Airspace Alerts Box allows the pilot to turn the controlled/special-use airspace message alerts on
or off. This does not affect the alerts listed on the Nearest Airspaces Page or the airspace boundaries
depicted on the MFD Navigation Map Page. It simply turns on/off the warning provided when the aircraft
is approaching or near an airspace.
Alerts for the following airspaces can be turned on/off in the Airspace Alerts Box:
• Restricted
• Class C/TCA
• MOA (Military)
• Class D
• Other airspaces
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
• Class B/TMA
AFCS
An altitude buffer is also provided which “expands” the vertical range above or below an airspace. For
example, if the buffer is set at 500 feet, and the aircraft is more than 500 feet above/below an airspace, an
alert message is not generated, but if the aircraft is less than 500 feet above/below an airspace and projected
to enter it, the pilot is notified with an alert message. The default setting for the altitude buffer is 200
feet.
To change the altitude buffer distance setting:
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
1) While on the System Setup Page, press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the altitude buffer field in the Airspace Alerts Box.
3) Turn the FMS Knobs to enter an altitude buffer value and press the ENT Key.
To turn an airspace alert on or off:
APPENDICES
1) While on the System Setup Page, press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the desired field in the Airspace Alerts Box.
3) Turn the small FMS Knob clockwise to turn the airspace alert ON or counterclockwise to turn the alert OFF.
INDEX
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39
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
SYSTEM OVERVIEW
AUDIO ALERTS
The Audio Alert Box on the System Setup Page allows the audio alert voice to be set to male or female.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
To change the audio alert voice:
1) While on the System Setup Page, press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the voice in the Audio Alert Box.
3) Turn the small FMS Knob to display and highlight the desired voice and press the ENT Key.
EIS
MFD DATA BAR FIELDS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
The MFD Data Bar Fields Box on the System Setup Page displays the current configuration of the MFD
Navigation Status Box. By default, the Navigation Status Bar is set to display ground speed (GS), distance
to next waypoint (DIS), estimated time en route (ETE), and en route safe altitude (ESA).
To change the information shown in an MFD Navigation Status Bar field:
1) While on the System Setup Page, press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the desired field number in the MFD Data Bar Fields Box.
3) Turn the small FMS Knob to display and scroll through the data options list and press the ENT Key when the
desired data selection is highlighted.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
The following data may be selected for display in each of the four fields of the Navigation Status Box.
• Bearing (BRG)
• True Air Speed (TAS)
• Distance (DIS)
• Track Angle Error (TKE)
• Desired Track (DTK)
• Track (TRK)
• En Route Safe Altitude (ESA)
• Vertical Speed Required (VSR)
• Estimated Time of Arrival (ETA)
• Crosstrack Error (XTK)
• Estimated Time En Route (ETE)
• Fuel Over Destination (FOD)
• Ground Speed (GS)
• Fuel On Board (FOB)
• Minimum Safe Altitude (MSA)
• Endurance (END)
GPS CDI
APPENDICES
The GPS CDI Box on the System Setup Page allows the pilot to define the range for the on-screen course
deviation indicator (CDI). The range values represent full range deflection for the CDI to either side. The
default setting is ‘AUTO’. Refer to the Flight Instruments sections for a discussion on CDI scaling.
INDEX
If a lower CDI range setting is selected (i.e., 1.0 or 0.3 nm), the higher range settings are not selected
during any phase of flight. For example, if 1.0 nm is selected, the G1000 uses this for en route and terminal
phases and ramps down to 0.3 nm during an approach. Note that the Receiver Autonomous Integrity
Monitoring (RAIM) protection limits follow the selected CDI range and corresponding flight phases.
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SYSTEM OVERVIEW
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
The GPS CDI Box on the System Setup Page displays the following:
• Selected CDI range (auto, 2 nm, 1 nm, 0.3 nm)
• Current system CDI range (2 nm, 1 nm, 0.3 nm)
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
• ILS CDI capture mode setting (auto, manual)
To change the CDI range:
1) While on the System Setup Page, press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the selected field in the GPS CDI Box.
EIS
3) Turn the small FMS Knob to display and scroll through the range list and press the ENT Key when the desired
selection is highlighted.
To change the ILS CDI capture setting:
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
1) While on the System Setup Page, press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the ILS CDI capture field in the GPS CDI Box.
3) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the desired mode and press the ENT Key.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
COM CONFIGURATION
NOTE: 8.33 kHz VHF communication frequency channel spacing is not approved for use in the United States.
Select the 25.0 kHz channel spacing option for use in the United States.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
The COM Configuration Box on the System Setup Page allows the pilot to select 8.33 kHz or 25.0 kHz
COM frequency channel spacing.
To change COM channel spacing:
1) While on the System Setup Page, press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
AFCS
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the channel spacing field in the COM Configuration Box.
3) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the desired spacing and press the ENT Key.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
NEAREST AIRPORTS
APPENDICES
The Nearest Airports Box on the System Setup Page defines the minimum runway length and surface type
used when determining the nine nearest airports to display on the MFD Nearest Airports Page. A minimum
runway length and/or surface type can be entered to prevent airports with small runways or runways that
are not of appropriate surface from being displayed. Default settings are zero feet (or meters) for runway
length and “any” for runway surface type.
To select nearest airport surface matching criteria (any, hard only, hard/soft, water):
1) While on the System Setup Page, press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
INDEX
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the runway surface field in the Nearest Airports Box.
3) Turn the small FMS Knob to display and scroll through the runway options (any, hard only, hard/soft, water) and
press the ENT Key when the desired selection is highlighted.
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
SYSTEM OVERVIEW
To select nearest airport minimum runway length matching criteria:
1) While on the System Setup Page, press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the minimum length field in the Nearest Airport Box.
3) Turn the FMS Knobs to enter the minimum runway length (zero to 99,999 feet) and press the ENT Key.
CDI/BARO SYNCHRONIZATION
See the Flight Instruments section for a discussion on synchronizing both PFD’s Course Deviation
Indicators and the altimeter barometric settings.
EIS
SYSTEM STATUS PAGE
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
The System Status Page displays the status and software version numbers for all detected system LRUs.
Pertinent information on all system databases is also displayed. Active LRUs are indicated by green check
marks and failed LRUs are indicated by red “X”s. Failed LRUs should be noted and a Cessna service center
or Garmin dealer informed.
APPENDICES
Figure 1-33 Example System Status Page
The LRU, ARFRM, and DBASE Softkeys on the System Status Page select the list (LRU Info, Airframe,
or Database) through which the FMS Knob can be used to scroll if all the information cannot appear on the
screen.
INDEX
The ANN TEST Softkey, when pressed, causes an annunciation test tone to be played.
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SYSTEM OVERVIEW
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
UTILITY PAGE
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
For flight planning purposes, timers, trip statistics, and a scheduler feature are provided on the AUX - Utility
Page. The timers available include a stopwatch-like generic timer, a total time in flight timer, and a record of the
time of departure. Trip statistics—odometer, trip odometer, and average trip and maximum groundspeeds—are
displayed from the time of the last reset. A scheduler feature is also provided so the pilot can enter reminder
messages to be displayed at specified intervals in the Messages Window on the PFD (see Figure 1-35).
EIS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure 1-34 Utility Page
TIMERS
AFCS
The generic timer can be set to count up or down from a specified time (HH:MM:SS). When the
countdown on the timer reaches zero the digits begin to count up from zero. If the timer is reset before
reaching zero on a countdown, the digits are reset to the initial value. If the timer is counting up when
reset, the digits are zeroed.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Setting the generic timer
1) Use the FMS Knob to select the AUX - Utility Page.
2) Press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
APPENDICES
3) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the timer counting direction (UP/DN) and press the ENT Key.
4) If a specific starting time is desired:
a) Use the large FMS Knob to highlight the HH:MM:SS field.
b) Use the FMS Knob to enter the desired time and press the ENT Key.
INDEX
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43
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
SYSTEM OVERVIEW
5) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘START?’ and press the ENT Key to start the timer. The field changes to
‘STOP?’.
6) To stop the timer, press the ENT Key with ‘STOP?’ highlighted. The field changes to ‘RESET?’.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
7) To reset the timer, press the ENT Key with ‘RESET?’ highlighted. The field changes back to ‘START?’ and the
digits are reset.
The flight timer can be set to count up from zero starting at system power-up or from the time that the
aircraft lifts off; the timer can also be reset to zero at any time.
Setting the flight timer starting criterion
EIS
1) Use the FMS Knob to select the AUX - Utility Page.
2) Press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the field next to the flight timer.
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the starting criterion (PWR-ON or IN-AIR) and press the ENT Key.
Resetting the flight timer
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
1) Use the FMS Knob to select the AUX - Utility Page.
2) Press the MENU Key.
3) With ‘Reset Flight Timer’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
The G1000 records the time at which departure occurs, depending on whether the pilot prefers the time
to be recorded from system power-up or from aircraft lift off. The displayed departure time can also be reset
to display the current time at the point of reset. The format in which the time is displayed is controlled
from the System Setup Page.
Setting the departure timer starting criterion
AFCS
1) Use the FMS Knob to select the AUX - Utility Page.
2) Press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the field next to the departure time.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the starting criterion (PWR-ON or IN-AIR) and press the ENT Key.
Resetting the departure time
1) Use the FMS Knob to select the AUX - Utility Page.
APPENDICES
2) Press the MENU Key.
3) Use the FMS Knob to highlight ‘Reset Departure Time’ and press the ENT Key.
TRIP STATISTICS
INDEX
The odometer and trip odometer record the total mileage traveled from the last reset; these odometers can
be reset independently. Resetting the trip odometer also resets the average trip groundspeed. Maximum
groundspeed for the period of time since the last reset is also displayed.
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SYSTEM OVERVIEW
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Resetting trip statistics readouts
1) Use the FMS Knob to select the AUX - Utility Page.
2) Press the MENU Key. The following reset options for trip statistics are displayed:
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
• Reset Trip ODOM/AVG GS—Resets trip average ground speed readout and odometer
• Reset Odometer—Resets odometer readout only
• Reset Maximum Speed—Resets maximum speed readout only
• Reset All—Resets flight timer, departure timer, odometers, and groundspeed readouts
EIS
2) Use the FMS Knob to highlight the desired reset option and press the ENT Key. The selected parameters are reset
to zero and begin to display data from the point of reset.
SCHEDULER
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Refer to the Additional Features section for a discussion on using the Scheduler feature.
1.8 DISPLAY BACKLIGHTING
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
The G1000 display and control backlighting can be adjusted either automatically or manually. Backlighting
intensity ranges from 0.22% to 100% on the PFDs and 0.80% to 100.00% on the MFD.
AUTOMATIC ADJUSTMENT
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
The existing instrument panel dimmer bus normally controls the PFD and MFD backlighting as well as
the PFD and MFD bezels, AFCS Control Unit and audio panel key annunciator lighting. When the dimmer
bus is not used by the G1000 system, photocell technology automatically controls backlighting adjustments.
Photocell calibration curves are pre-configured to optimize display appearance through a broad range of cockpit
lighting conditions.
AFCS
MANUAL ADJUSTMENT
NOTE: The avionics dimming knob may also be used to adjust backlighting. Refer to the POH for details.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
NOTE: In normal mode, backlighting can only be adjusted from PFD1 or PFD2. In reversionary mode, it can
also be adjusted from the MFD.
APPENDICES
NOTE: No other window can be displayed on the PFD while the PFD Setup Menu Window is displayed.
Backlighting may also be adjusted manually for all of the displays and the associated bezels. The audio panel
key backlighting is directly tied to the on-side PFD key backlighting setting.
To adjust display backlighting manually:
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INDEX
1) Press the MENU Key on the PFD to display the PFD Setup Menu Window. ‘AUTO’ becomes highlighted to the
right of ‘PFD1 DSPL’.
45
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
SYSTEM OVERVIEW
EIS
Figure 1-35 Manual Display Backlighting Adjustment
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to display the selection box. Turn the FMS Knob to select ‘MANUAL’, then press the
ENT Key. The intensity value becomes highlighted.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
3) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the desired backlighting, then press the ENT Key.
4) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘AUTO’ to the right of ‘MFD DSPL’ or ‘PFD2 DSPL’, respectively, and
repeat steps 2 and 3.
5) Press the CLR or MENU Key to remove the PFD Setup Menu Window from the display.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
To adjust key backlighting manually:
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
1) Press the MENU Key on the PFD to display the PFD Setup Menu Window. ‘AUTO’ becomes highlighted to the
right of ‘PFD1 DSPL’.
Figure 1-36 Manual Key Lighting Adjustment
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘PFD1 DSPL’. Turn the small FMS Knob in the direction of the green
arrowhead to display ‘PFD1 KEY’.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘AUTO’ and turn the small FMS Knob to display the selection box.
4) Turn the FMS Knob to select ‘MANUAL’, then press the ENT Key. The intensity value becomes highlighted.
APPENDICES
5) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the desired backlighting, then press the ENT Key.
6) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘MFD DSPL’ or ‘PFD2 DSPL’ and turn the small FMS Knob in the direction
of the green arrowhead to display ‘MFD KEY’ or ‘PFD2 KEY’, respectively.
7) Repeat steps 3 to 5.
INDEX
8) Press the CLR or MENU Key to remove the PFD Setup Menu Window from the display.
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FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
SECTION 2 FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
WARNING: In the event that the airspeed, attitude, altitude, or heading indications become unusable, refer
to the backup instruments.
NOTE: The Automatic Flight Control System (AFCS) provides additional readouts and bugs on selected flight
instruments. Refer to the AFCS Section for details on these bugs and readouts, as they appear on the display
during certain AFCS flight director modes.
EIS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Increased situational awareness is provided by replacing the traditional instruments on the panel with two easyto-scan Primary Flight Displays (PFDs) that feature large horizons, airspeed, attitude, altitude, vertical speed, and
course deviation information. In addition to the flight instruments, navigation, communication, terrain, traffic,
and weather information are also presented on the PFDs and explained in other sections of this Pilot’s Guide.
The following flight instruments and supplemental flight data are displayed on each PFD:
• Airspeed Indicator, showing
• Vertical Speed Indicator (VSI)
• Vertical Navigation (VNV) indications
– Airspeed awareness ranges
• Horizontal Situation Indicator, showing
– Vspeed reference flags
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
– True airspeed
– Turn Rate Indicator
– Bearing pointers and information windows
• Altimeter, showing
– DME Information Window
– Barometric setting
• Course Deviation Indicator (CDI)
– Selected Altitude
• Outside air temperature (OAT)
• System time
• Vertical Deviation, Glideslope, and Glidepath
Indicators
• Wind data
AFCS
• Radar Altimeter Height (If installed)
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
• Attitude Indicator with slip/skid indication
The PFDs also display various alerts and annunciations.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
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47
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
23
22
21
20
19
1
18
17
2
EIS
16
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
15
3
14
4
13
5
12
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
6
11
7
10
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
8
9
1
NAV Frequency Box
13 Turn Rate Indicator
2
Airspeed Indicator
14 Barometric Altimeter Setting
3
True Airspeed
15 Vertical Speed Indicator (VSI)
4
Current Heading
16 Selected Altitude Bug
5
Current Track Indicator
17 Altimeter
6
Course Deviation Indicator (CDI)
18 Selected Altitude
7
Horizontal Situation Indicator (HSI)
19 COM Frequency Box
8
Outside Air Temperature (OAT)
20 Navigation Status Box
9
Softkeys
21 AFCS Status Box
10 System Time
22 Slip/Skid Indicator
11 Transponder Status Box
23 Attitude Indicator
12 Selected Heading Bug
INDEX
Figure 2-1 Primary Flight Display (Default)
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FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
15
14
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
13
1
12
EIS
2
11
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
3
10
4
9
5
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
8
7
6
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Alerts Window
9
2
Radar Altimeter Height
10 Annunciation Window
3
Selected Heading
11 Selected Course
4
Wind Data
12 Glideslope Indicator
5
Inset Map
13 Comparator Window
6
DME Information Window
14 Marker Beacon Annunciation
7
Bearing Information Windows
15 AFCS Status Annunciation
8
Minimum Descent Altitude/
Decision Height
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Traffic Annunciation
AFCS
1
Figure 2-2 Additional PFD Information
APPENDICES
INDEX
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49
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS
2.1 FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
AIRSPEED INDICATOR
NOTE: Refer to the Pilot’s Operating Handbook (POH) for speed criteria and Vspeed values.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EIS
The Airspeed Indicator displays airspeed on a rolling number gauge using a moving tape. The true airspeed
is displayed in knots below the Airspeed Indicator. The numeric labels and major tick marks on the moving
tape are marked at intervals of 10 knots, while minor tick marks on the moving tape are indicated at intervals
of 5 knots. Speed indication starts at 20 knots, with 60 knots of airspeed viewable at any time. The actual
airspeed is displayed inside the black pointer. The pointer remains black until reaching maximum operating
speed (VMO), at which point it turns red (Figure 2-4).
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Airspeed
Trend
Vector
Actual
Airspeed
Speed
Ranges
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Vspeed
Reference
True
Airspeed
Figure 2-4 Red Pointer
Showing Overspeed
AFCS
Figure 2-3 Airspeed Indicator
A color-coded (white, green, and red/white striped “barber pole”) speed range strip is located on the moving
tape. The colors denote flaps operating range, normal operating range, and maximum operating speed (VMO).
A red range is also present for low speed awareness.
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
The Airspeed Trend Vector is a vertical, magenta line, extending up or down on the airspeed scale, shown
to the right of the color-coded speed range strip. The end of the trend vector corresponds to the predicted
airspeed in 6 seconds if the current rate of acceleration is maintained. If the trend vector crosses VMO, the text
of the actual airspeed readout changes to yellow. The trend vector is absent if the speed remains constant or
if any data needed to calculate airspeed is not available due to a system failure.
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FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Vspeeds (Vr, Vx, Vy, and VGlide) can be changed and their flags turned on/off from the Timer/References
Window. When active (on), the Vspeeds are displayed at their respective locations to the right of the airspeed
scale. By default, all Vspeed values are reset and all Vspeed flags turned off when power is cycled.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Changing Vspeeds and turning flags on/off:
1) Press the TMR/REF Softkey.
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the desired Vspeed.
3) Use the small FMS Knob to change the Vspeed in 1-kt increments (when a speed has been changed from a
default value, an asterisk appears next to the speed).
EIS
4) Press the ENT Key or turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the ON/OFF field
5) Turn the small FMS Knob clockwise to ON or counterclockwise to OFF.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
6) To remove the window, press the CLR Key or the TMR/REF Softkey.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Figure 2-6 Timer/References Menu
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure 2-5 Timer/References Window
Turning all Vspeed flags on/off:
1) Press the TMR/REF Softkey.
AFCS
2) Press the MENU Key.
3) To activate all Vspeed flags, press the ENT Key with ‘All References On’ highlighted.
4) To remove all Vspeed flags, turn the FMS Knob to highlight ‘All References Off’ and press the ENT Key.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Turning Takeoff Vspeed flags on/off:
1) Press the TMR/REF Softkey.
2) Press the MENU Key.
APPENDICES
3) To activate Takeoff Vspeed flags, press the ENT Key with ‘Takeoff References On’ highlighted.
4) To remove Takeoff Vspeed flags, turn the FMS Knob to highlight ‘Takeoff References Off’ and press the ENT
Key.
Restoring all Vspeed defaults:
INDEX
1) Press the TMR/REF Softkey.
2) Press the MENU Key.
3) Turn the FMS Knob to highlight ‘Restore Defaults’ and press the ENT Key.
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS
ATTITUDE INDICATOR
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Attitude information is displayed over a virtual blue sky and brown ground with a white horizon line. The
Attitude Indicator displays the pitch (indicated by the yellow symbolic aircraft on the pitch scale), roll, and
slip/skid information.
9
8
1
EIS
7
2
1
Roll Pointer
2
Roll Scale
3
Horizon Line
4
5
Aircraft Symbol
(Formatted for Single-cue
Command Bars)
Land Representation
6
Pitch Scale
7
Slip/Skid Indicator
8
Sky Representation
9
Roll Scale Zero
6
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
3
4
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
5
Figure 2-7 Attitude Indicator
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
The horizon line is part of the pitch scale. Above and below the horizon line, major pitch marks and numeric
labels are shown for every 10˚, up to 80˚. Minor pitch marks are shown for intervening 5˚ increments, up to
25˚ below and 45˚ above the horizon line. Between 20˚ below to 20˚ above the horizon line, minor pitch marks
occur every 2.5˚.
AFCS
The inverted white triangle indicates zero on the roll scale. Major tick marks at 30˚ and 60˚ and minor tick
marks at 10˚, 20˚, and 45˚ are shown to the left and right of the zero. Angle of bank is indicated by the position
of the pointer on the roll scale.
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
The Slip/Skid Indicator is the bar beneath the roll pointer. The indicator moves with the roll pointer and
moves laterally away from the pointer to indicate lateral acceleration. Slip/skid is indicated by the location of
the bar relative to the pointer. One bar displacement is equal to one ball displacement on a traditional Slip/Skid
Indicator.
INDEX
Figure 2-8 Slip/Skid Indication
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FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
ALTIMETER
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The Altimeter displays 600 feet of barometric altitude values at a time on a rolling number gauge using a
moving tape. Numeric labels and major tick marks are shown at intervals of 100 feet. Minor tick marks are at
intervals of 20 feet. The current altitude is displayed in the black pointer.
The Selected Altitude is displayed above the Altimeter in the box indicated by a selection bug symbol. A bug
corresponding to this altitude is shown on the tape; if the Selected Altitude exceeds the range shown on the
tape, the bug appears at the corresponding edge of the tape (See the AFCS Section for more information about
Selected Altitude).
EIS
Setting the Selected Altitude:
Turn the ALT SEL Knob to set the Selected Altitude in 100-ft increments (increments reduce to 10 feet for
approach) up to the aircraft’s service ceiling.
Current
Altitude
Current
Altitude
(Meters)
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Altitude
Trend
Vector
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Selected
Altitude
(Meters)
Selected
Altitude
Selected
Altitude
Bug
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
If set, the Minimum Descent Altitude/Decision Height (MDA/DH) value is also available for the Selected
Altitude.
Figure 2-10 Altimeter (Metric)
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Figure 2-9 Altimeter
AFCS
Barometric
Setting Box
(Hectopascals)
Barometric
Setting
APPENDICES
INDEX
190-00749-00 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
53
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS
Selected and current altitudes can also be displayed in meters (readouts displayed above the normal readouts
in feet; Figure 2-10). Note that the altitude tape does not change scale.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Displaying altitude in meters:
1) Press the PFD Softkey to display the second-level softkeys.
2) Press the ALT UNIT Softkey.
3) Press the METERS Softkey to turn on metric altitude readouts (see Figure 2-10).
4) Press the BACK Softkey twice to return to the top-level softkeys.
EIS
A magenta Altitude Trend Vector extends up or down the left of the altitude tape, the end resting at the
approximate altitude to be reached in 6 seconds at the current vertical speed. The trend vector is not shown if
altitude remains constant or if data needed for calculation is not available due to a system failure.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
The barometric pressure setting is displayed below the Altimeter in inches of mercury (in Hg) or hectopascals
(hPa) when metric units are selected. Adjusting the altimeter barometric setting creates discontinuities in VNV
vertical deviation, moving the descent path. For large adjustments, it may take several minutes for the aircraft
to re-establish on the descent path. If the change is made while nearing a waypoint with a VNV Target Altitude,
the aircraft may not re-establish on the descent path in time to meet the vertical constraint.
Selecting the altimeter barometric pressure setting:
Turn the BARO Knob to select the desired setting.
Selecting standard barometric pressure (29.92 in Hg):
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Press the BARO Knob to select standard pressure.
Or:
1) Press the PFD Softkey to display the second-level softkeys.
AFCS
2) Press the STD BARO Softkey; STD BARO is displayed in barometric setting box.
Changing altimeter barometric pressure setting units:
1) Press the PFD Softkey to display the second-level softkeys.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
2) Press the ALT UNIT Softkey.
3) Press the IN Softkey to display the barometric pressure setting in inches of mercury (in Hg).
Or, press the HPA Softkey to display the barometric pressure setting in hectopascals (hPa; see Figure 2-10).
INDEX
APPENDICES
4) Press the BACK Softkey twice to return to the top-level softkeys.
54
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
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FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
If the barometric altimeter settings differ between PFDs by more than 0.02 in Hg, the readouts turn yellow.
Once the settings are synchronized (BARO turned on), they remain synchronized for the entire flight.
Synchronizing the altimeter barometric pressure settings:
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
1) Use the FMS Knob to select the AUX - System Setup Page.
2) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘Baro’ in the Synchronization box.
4) Turn the small FMS Knob clockwise to ON or counterclockwise to OFF.
EIS
5) Press the FMS Knob to remove the cursor.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure 2-11 Baro Sync Setting
(AUX-System Setup Page)
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
190-00749-00 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
55
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS
A Baro Transition Alert is provided to alert the pilot to change the barometric pressure setting when crossing
the transition altitude (in either direction). This is displayed by the barometric pressure setting flashing light
blue when crossing the transition altitude.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Setting the Baro Transition Alert:
1) Use the FMS Knob to select the AUX - System Setup Page.
2) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘OFF or ON’ in the ‘Baro Transition Alert’ box.
EIS
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to turn the alert OFF or ON and press the ENT Key.
5) With the altitude field highlighted, turn the small FMS Knob to select the desired altitude and press the ENT
Key.
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
6) To cancel the selection, press the FMS Knob.
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Figure 2-12 Baro Transition Alert
(AUX-System Setup Page)
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Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
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FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
VERTICAL SPEED INDICATOR (VSI)
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The Vertical Speed Indicator (VSI; Figure 2-13) displays the aircraft vertical speed with numeric labels and
tick marks at 1000 and 2000 fpm in each direction on the non-moving tape. Minor tick marks are at intervals
of 500 fpm. The current vertical speed is displayed in the pointer, which also points to that speed on the nonmoving tape. Digits appear in the pointer when the climb or descent rate is greater than 100 fpm. If the rate
of ascent/descent exceeds 2000 fpm, the pointer appears at the corresponding edge of the tape and the rate
appears inside the pointer.
EIS
A magenta chevron bug is displayed as the Required Vertical Speed Indication (RVSI; Figure 2-13) for reaching
a VNV Target Altitude once the “TOD [Top of Descent] within 1 minute” alert has been generated. See the
Flight Management and AFCS sections for details on VNV features, and refer to Section 2.2, Supplemental
Flight Data, for more information about VNV indications on the PFDs.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
VERTICAL DEVIATION
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
The Vertical Deviation Indicator (VDI; Figure 2-13) uses a magenta chevron to indicate the baro-VNV vertical
deviation when Vertical Navigation (VNV) is being used; the VDI appears in conjunction with the “TOD within
1 minute” alert. Full-scale deflection (two dots) is 1000 feet. The VDI is removed from the display if vertical
deviation becomes invalid. See the Flight Management and AFCS sections for details on VNV features, and refer
to Section 2.2, Supplemental Flight Data, for more information about VNV indications on the PFDs.
The Glideslope Indicator (Figure 2-14) appears to the left of the Altimeter whenever an ILS frequency is
tuned in the active NAV field. A green diamond acts as the Glideslope Indicator, like a glideslope needle on a
conventional indicator. If a localizer frequency is tuned and there is no glideslope, “NO GS” is annunciated.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
The glidepath is analogous to the glideslope for GPS approaches supporting WAAS vertical guidance (LNAV+V,
LNAV/VNAV, LPV) and is generated by the system to reduce pilot workload during approach. When an approach
of this type is loaded into the flight plan and GPS is the selected navigation source, the Glidepath Indicator
(Figure 2-15) appears as a magenta diamond. If the approach type downgrades past the final approach fix
(FAF), “NO GP” is annunciated.
Marker
Beacon
Annunciation
Vertical
Speed
Indicator
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Vertical
Deviation
Indicator
AFCS
VNV
Target
Altitude
Glidepath
Indicator
Vertical
Speed
Pointer
APPENDICES
Required Glideslope
Vertical
Indicator
Speed
190-00749-00 Rev. B
Figure 2-14 Glideslope Indicator
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
INDEX
Figure 2-13 Vertical Speed and
Deviation Indicators (VSI and VDI)
Figure 2-15 Glidepath Indicator
57
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS
HORIZONTAL SITUATION INDICATOR (HSI)
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The Horizontal Situation Indicator (HSI) displays a rotating compass card in a heading-up orientation. Letters
indicate the cardinal points and numeric labels occur every 30˚. Major tick marks are at 10˚ intervals and minor
tick marks at 5˚ intervals. A digital reading of the current heading appears on top of the HSI, and the current
track is represented on the HSI by a magenta diamond. The HSI also presents turn rate, course deviation,
bearing, and navigation source information and is available in two formats (360˚ compass rose and 140˚ arc).
Changing the HSI display format:
1) Press the PFD Softkey.
EIS
2) Press the HSI FRMT Softkey.
3) Press the 360 HSI or ARC HSI Softkey.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
The 360˚ HSI contains a Course Deviation Indicator (CDI), with a Course Pointer, To/From Indicator, and a
sliding deviation bar and scale. The course pointer is a single line arrow (GPS, VOR1, and LOC1) or a double
line arrow (VOR2 and LOC2) which points in the direction of the set course. The To/From arrow rotates with
the course pointer and is displayed when the active NAVAID is received.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
16
15
14
1
2
13
3
5
12
6
11
7
10
8
9
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
4
To/From Indicator
1
Turn Rate Indicator
9
2
Selected Heading
10 Course Pointer
3
Current Track Indicator
11 Selected Heading Bug
4
Lateral Deviation Scale
12 Flight Phase
5
Navigation Source
13 Selected Course
6
Aircraft Symbol
14 Turn Rate/Heading
7
Course Deviation Indicator
(CDI)
Rotating Compass Rose
16 Lubber Line
8
Trend Vector
15 Current Heading
INDEX
Figure 2-16 Horizontal Situation Indicator (HSI)
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FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Course Pointer
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The Arc HSI is a 140˚ expanded section of the compass rose. The Arc HSI contains a Course Pointer,
To/From Indicator, a sliding deviation indicator (the To/From and deviation indicators are combined), and a
deviation scale. Upon station passage, the To/From Indicator flips and points to the tail of the aircraft, just like
a conventional To/From flag. Depending on the navigation source, the CDI on the Arc HSI can appear in two
different ways: an arrowhead (GPS, VOR, OBS) or a diamond (LOC).
Flight Phase Annunciation
Navigation
Source
EIS
Course Deviation
and To/From
Indicator
Lateral
Deviation
Scale
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Figure 2-17 Arc HSI
The Selected Heading is shown to the upper left of the HSI and is displayed in light blue. The light blue
heading bug on the compass rose corresponds to the Selected Heading.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Adjusting the Selected Heading:
Turn the HDG Knob to set the Selected Heading on both PFDs.
Press the HDG Knob to synchronize the bug to the current heading.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
The Selected Course is shown to the upper right of the HSI. The color of the Selected Course corresponds to
the selected navigation source: magenta for GPS or green for NAV (VOR, LOC).
Adjusting the Selected Course:
Turn the CRS Knob to set the Selected Course (for each PFD).
Current Track Indicator
AFCS
Press the CRS Knob to re-center the CDI and return the course pointer to the bearing of the active waypoint or
navigation station (see OBS Mode for adjusting a GPS course).
Current Heading
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Selected
Course
Selected
Heading
Selected
Heading
Bug
APPENDICES
Figure 2-18 Heading and Course Indications
INDEX
190-00749-00 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
59
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Navigation angles (track, heading, course, bearing) are corrected to the computed magnetic variation (‘Mag
Var’) or referenced to true north (denoted ‘T’), set on the AUX - System Setup Page. When an approach
referenced to true north has been loaded into the flight plan, the system generates a message to change the
navigation angle setting to ‘True’ at the appropriate time.
EIS
Figure 2-19 Heading and Course Indications (True)
Changing the navigation angle setting:
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
1) Use the FMS Knob to select the AUX - System Setup Page.
2) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘Nav Angle’ in the ‘Display Units’ box (Figure 2-20).
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to highlight the desired setting and press the ENT Key.
• TRUE - References angles to true north (denoted with ‘T’)
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
• MAGNETIC - Angles corrected to the computed magnetic variation (‘Mag Var’)
INDEX
APPENDICES
Figure 2-20 Navigation Angle Settings
(AUX-System Setup Page)
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Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
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FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
TURN RATE INDICATOR
Half-standard
Turn Rate
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The Turn Rate Indicator is located directly above the rotating compass rose. Tick marks to the left and right
of the lubber line denote half-standard and standard turn rates. A magenta Turn Rate Trend Vector shows the
current turn rate. The end of the trend vector gives the heading predicted in 6 seconds, based on the present
turn rate. A standard-rate turn is shown on the indicator by the trend vector stopping at the standard turn
rate tick mark, corresponding to a predicted heading of 18˚ from the current heading. At rates greater than 4
deg/sec, an arrowhead appears at the end of the magenta trend vector and the prediction is no longer valid.
EIS
Arrow Shown
for Turn Rate
> 4 deg/sec
Standard
Turn Rate
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Figure 2-21 Turn Rate Indicator and Trend Vector
BEARING POINTERS AND INFORMATION WINDOWS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
NOTE: ADF radio installation is optional.
NOTE: When the Arc HSI is displayed, the Bearing Information windows and pointers are disabled.
Frequency
Bearing 1
Pointer
AFCS
Tuning Mode
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Two bearing pointers and associated information can be displayed on the HSI for NAV, GPS, and ADF
sources. The pointers are light blue and are single- (BRG1) or double-lined (BRG2); an icon is shown in the
respective information window to indicate the pointer type. The bearing pointers never override the CDI
and are visually separated from the CDI by a white ring (shown when bearing pointers are selected but not
necessarily visible due to data unavailability).
Bearing 2
Pointer
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Distance
DME Information Window
Distance to
Bearing Source
Station
Identifier
No
Waypoint
Selected
APPENDICES
190-00749-00 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
INDEX
Pointer
Bearing
Bearing
Pointer
Icon
Source
Source
Icon
Bearing 2 Information Window
Bearing 1 Information Window
Figure 2-22 HSI with Bearing and DME Information
61
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
When a bearing pointer is displayed, its associated information window is also displayed. The Bearing
Information windows (Figure 2-22) are displayed to the lower sides of the HSI and show:
• Bearing source (NAV, GPS, ADF)
• Station/waypoint identifier (NAV, GPS)
• Pointer icon (BRG1 = single line, BRG2 = double line)
• GPS-derived great circle distance to bearing
source
• Frequency (NAV, ADF)
EIS
If the NAV radio is the bearing source and is tuned to an ILS frequency (refer to the Audio Panel and CNS
Section for information on tuning the radios), the bearing pointer is removed from the HSI and the frequency
is replaced with “ILS”. When NAV1 or NAV2 is the selected bearing source, the frequency is replaced by the
station identifier when the station is within range. If GPS is the bearing source, the active waypoint identifier
is displayed in lieu of a frequency.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
The bearing pointer is removed from the HSI and “NO DATA” is displayed in the information window if:
• The NAV radio is not receiving the tuned VOR
station
• GPS is the bearing source and an active waypoint
is not selected
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
1) Press the PFD Softkey.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Selecting bearing display and changing sources:
5) To remove the bearing pointer and information window, press the BRG Softkey again.
2) Press a BRG Softkey to display the desired bearing pointer and information window with a NAV source.
3) Press the BRG Softkey again to change the bearing source to GPS.
4) Press the BRG Softkey a third time to change the bearing source to ADF (ADF Radio installation is optional).
DME INFORMATION WINDOW
AFCS
The DME Information Window (Figure 2-22) is displayed above the BRG 1 Information Window and
shows the DME label, tuning mode (NAV1, NAV2, or HOLD), frequency, and distance. When a signal is
invalid, the distance is replaced by “–.– – NM” (Refer to the Audio Panel and CNS Section for information on
tuning the radios).
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Displaying the DME Information Window:
1) Press the PFD Softkey.
2) Press the DME Softkey to display the DME Information Window.
INDEX
APPENDICES
3) To remove the DME Information Window, press the DME Softkey again.
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FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
COURSE DEVIATION INDICATOR (CDI)
NOTE: If a heading change greater than 105˚ with respect to the course is made, the CDI on the Arc HSI
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
switches to the opposite side of the deviation scale and displays reverse sensing.
The Course Deviation Indicator (CDI) moves left or right from the course pointer along a lateral deviation
scale to display aircraft position relative to the course. If the course deviation data is not valid, the CDI is not
displayed.
360º HSI
EIS
Arc HSI
Navigation
Source
Flight
Phase
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Navigation
Source
Flight
Phase
Scale
Crosstrack
Error
CDI
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
CDI
Scale
CDI
Figure 2-23 Course Deviation Indicator
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
The CDI can display two sources of navigation: GPS or NAV (VOR, localizer). Color indicates the current
navigation source: magenta (for GPS) or green (for VOR and LOC). The full scale limits for the CDI are defined
by a GPS-derived distance when coupled to GPS. When coupled to a VOR or localizer (LOC), the CDI has the
same angular limits as a mechanical CDI. If the CDI exceeds the maximum deviation on the scale (two dots)
while coupled to GPS, the crosstrack error (XTK) is displayed below the white aircraft symbol (Figure 2-23).
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Navigation
Source
Selected on
Both PFDs
APPENDICES
Figure 2-24 Navigation Sources
INDEX
190-00749-00 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
63
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Changing navigation sources:
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS
2) Press the CDI Softkey again to change from VOR1 or LOC1 to VOR2 or LOC2. This places the light blue tuning
box over the NAV2 standby frequency.
1) Press the CDI Softkey to change from GPS to VOR1 or LOC1. This places the light blue tuning box over the
NAV1 standby frequency in the upper left corner of the PFD.
3) Press the CDI Softkey a third time to return to GPS.
NAV2 Selected for Tuning
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EIS
NAV1 Selected for Tuning
LOC1
Selected
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
GPS
Selected
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Pressing the
CDI Softkey
Cycles through
Navigation Sources
VOR2
Selected
Figure 2-25 Selecting a Navigation Source
The system automatically switches from GPS to LOC navigation source and changes the CDI scaling
accordingly when all of the following occur:
AFCS
• A localizer or ILS approach has been loaded into the active flight plan
• The Final Approach Fix (FAF) is the active leg, the FAF is less than 15 nm away, and the aircraft is moving
toward the FAF
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
• A valid localizer frequency has been tuned
• The GPS CDI deviation is less than 1.2 times full-scale deflection
INDEX
APPENDICES
GPS steering guidance is still provided after the CDI automatically switches to LOC until LOC capture, up
to the Final Approach Fix (FAF) for an ILS approach, or until GPS information becomes invalid. Activating a
Vector-to-Final approach (see the Flight Management Section) also causes the CDI to switch to LOC navigation
source; GPS steering guidance is not provided after this switch.
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Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
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FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
If the same VOR/LOC navigation source is selected on both PFDs, the navigation source annunciation turns
yellow on both displays (unless synchronized). Once the CDIs are synchronized (CDI turned on), they remain
synchronized for the entire flight.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Synchronizing the CDIs:
1) Use the FMS Knob to select the AUX - System Setup Page.
2) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘CDI’ in the Synchronization box.
4) Turn the small FMS Knob clockwise to ON or counterclockwise to OFF.
EIS
5) Press the FMS Knob to remove the cursor.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
AFCS
Figure 2-26 CDI Sync Setting
(AUX-System Setup Page)
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
190-00749-00 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
65
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS
GPS CDI SCALING
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
When GPS is the selected navigation source, the flight plan legs are sequenced automatically and
annunciations appear on the HSI for the flight phase. Flight phase annunciations are normally shown in
magenta, but when cautionary conditions exist the color changes to yellow. If the current leg in the flight plan
is a heading leg, ‘HDG LEG’ is annunciated in magenta beneath the aircraft symbol.
EIS
The current GPS CDI scale setting is displayed as ‘System CDI’ on the AUX - System Setup Page and the fullscale deflection setting may also be changed (2.0 nm, 1.0 nm, 0.3 nm, or Auto) from this page (Figure 2-27).
If the selected scaling is smaller than the automatic setting for enroute and terminal phases, the CDI is scaled
accordingly and the selected setting is be displayed rather than the flight phase annunciation.
Changing the selected GPS CDI setting:
1) Use the FMS Knob to select the AUX - System Setup Page.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
2) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the ‘Selected’ field in the ‘GPS CDI’ box.
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to highlight the desired setting and press the ENT Key.
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
5) To cancel the selection, press the FMS Knob or the CLR Key.
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Figure 2-27 GPS CDI Settings
(AUX-System Setup Page)
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Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
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FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Enroute
(Oceanic if >200 nm
from nearest airport)
Terminal
Approach
0.3 nm
1.0 nm
1.0 nm
2.0 nm
0.3 nm
1.0 nm
Terminal
Missed
Approach
EIS
Departure
Refer to accompanying
approach CDI scaling figures
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
CDI Full-scale Deflection
When set to ‘Auto’ (default), the GPS CDI scale automatically adjusts to the desired limits based upon the
current phase of flight (Figure 2-28, Table 2-1).
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Figure 2-28 Automatic CDI Scaling
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
• Once a departure procedure is activated, the CDI is scaled for departure (0.3 nm).
• The system switches from departure to terminal CDI scaling (1.0 nm) under the following conditions:
- The next leg in the departure procedure is not aligned with the departure runway
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
- The next leg in the departure procedure is not a CA, CD, CF, CI, CR, DF, FA, FC, FD, FM, IF, or TF leg
(see Glossary for leg type definitions)
- After any leg in the departure procedure that is not a CA or FA leg
• At 30 nm from the departure airport the enroute phase of flight is automatically entered and CDI scaling
changes to 2.0 nm over a distance of 1.0 nm, except under the following conditions:
AFCS
- When navigating with an active departure procedure, the flight phase and CDI scale does not change
until the aircraft arrives at the last departure waypoint (if more than 30 nm from the departure airport) or
the leg after the last departure waypoint has been activated or a direct-to waypoint is activated.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
• If after completing the departure procedure the nearest airport is more than 200 nm away from the aircraft
and the approach procedure has not yet commenced, the CDI is scaled for oceanic flight (2.0 nm).
• Within 31 nm of the destination airport (terminal area), the CDI scale gradually ramps down from 2.0 nm
to 1.0 nm over a distance of 1.0 nm, except under the following conditions:
APPENDICES
- When navigating with an active arrival route, the flight phase and CDI scale does not change until the
aircraft arrives at the first waypoint in the arrive route (if within 31 nm from the destination airport).
• During approach, the CDI scale ramps down even further (see Figures 2-29 and 2-30). This transition
normally occurs within 2.0 nm of the Final Approach Fix (FAF). The CDI switches to approach scaling
automatically once the approach procedure is active or if Vectors-To-Final (VTF) are selected.
INDEX
- If the active waypoint is the FAF, the ground track and the bearing to the FAF must be within 45° of the
final approach segment course.
- If the active waypoint is part of the missed approach procedure, the active leg and the preceding missed
approach legs must be aligned with the final approach segment course and the aircraft must not have
passed the turn initiation point.
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67
2 nm
FAF
CDI scale varies if VTF is activated
0.3 nm
1.0 nm
2 nm
FAF
EIS
angle based
on database
information
course width
angle set
by system
CDI Full-scale Deflection
0.3 nm
1.0 nm
CDI scale is set to the smaller of 0.3 nm
or an angle set by the system
350 ft
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
CDI Full-scale Deflection
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS
Landing
Threshold
CDI scale varies if VTF is activated
Figure 2-29 Typical LNAV and LNAV+V Approach CDI Scaling
Figure 2-30 Typical LNAV/VNAV and LPV Approach CDI Scaling
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
• When a missed approach is activated, the CDI scale changes to 0.3 nm.
• The system automatically switches back to terminal mode under the following conditions:
- The next leg in the missed approach procedure is not aligned with the final approach path
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
- The next leg in the missed approach procedure is not a CA, CD, CF, CI, CR, DF, FA, FC, FD, FM, IF, or TF leg
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
- After any leg in the missed approach procedure that is not a CA or FA leg
Flight Phase
Departure
Terminal
Enroute
Oceanic
Annunciation*
DPRT
TERM
ENR
OCN
Approach
(Non-precision)
LNAV
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
Approach
(Non-precision with
Vertical Guidance)
Approach
(LNAV/VNAV)
Approach
(LPV)
Missed Approach
Automatic CDI Full-scale Deflection
0.3 nm
1.0 nm
2.0 nm
2.0 nm
1.0 nm decreasing to 350 feet depending on
variables (see Figure 2-29)
LNAV + V
L/VNAV
LPV
MAPR
1.0 nm decreasing to a specified course width, then
0.3 nm, depending on variables (see Figure 2-30)
0.3 nm
APPENDICES
* Flight phase annunciations are normally shown in magenta, but when cautionary
conditions exist the color changes to yellow.
INDEX
Table 2-1 Automatic GPS CDI Scaling
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FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
OBS MODE
NOTE: VNV is inhibited while automatic waypoint sequencing has been suspended.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Enabling Omni-bearing Selector (OBS) Mode suspends the automatic sequencing of waypoints in a GPS
flight plan (GPS must be the selected navigation source), but retains the current “active-to” waypoint as the
navigation reference even after passing the waypoint. ‘OBS’ is annunciated to the lower right of the aircraft
symbol when OBS Mode is selected.
EIS
While OBS Mode is enabled, a course line is drawn through the “active-to” waypoint on the moving map.
If desired, the course to/from the waypoint can now be adjusted. When OBS Mode is disabled, the GPS flight
plan returns to normal operation with automatic sequencing of waypoints, following the course set in OBS
Mode. The flight path on the moving map retains the modified course line.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
OBS Course
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Extended
Course
Line
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
GPS
Selected
OBS Mode
Enabled
Pressing the OBS
Softkey Enables
OBS Mode
AFCS
Pressing the OBS
Softkey Again Returns
to Normal Operation
Figure 2-31 Omni-bearing Selector (OBS) Mode
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Enabling/disabling OBS Mode while navigating a GPS flight plan:
1) Press the OBS Softkey to select OBS Mode.
APPENDICES
2) Turn a CRS Knob to select the desired course to/from the waypoint. Press a CRS Knob to synchronize the
Selected Course with the bearing to the next waypoint.
3) Press the OBS Softkey again to return to automatic waypoint sequencing.
INDEX
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69
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS
EIS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
As the aircraft crosses the missed approach point (MAP), automatic approach waypoint sequencing is
suspended. ‘SUSP’ appears on the HSI (to the lower right of the aircraft symbol) in place of ‘OBS’ and the
OBS Softkey label changes to SUSP. Pressing the SUSP Softkey resumes automatic sequencing of approach
waypoints.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
SUSP
Annunciation
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Pressing the SUSP Softkey
Suspends Automatic
Waypoint Sequencing
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure 2-32 Suspending Automatic Waypoint Sequencing
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FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
2.2 SUPPLEMENTAL FLIGHT DATA
NOTE: Pressing the DFLTS Softkey (a second-level PFD softkey) turns off metric Altimeter display, the Inset
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Map, and wind data display.
In addition to the flight instruments, the PFD also displays various supplemental information, including
temperatures, wind data, and Vertical Navigation (VNV) indications.
TEMPERATURE DISPLAYS
EIS
The Outside Air Temperature (OAT) is displayed in degrees Celsius (°C) by default in the lower left of the PFD
under normal display conditions, or below the true airspeed in reversionary mode.
Normal Display
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
AFCS
Reversionary Mode
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
Figure 2-33 Outside Air Temperature
INDEX
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71
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS
WIND DATA
Option 1
Option 2
Option 3
No Data
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EIS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Wind direction and speed (relative to the aircraft) in knots can be displayed in a window to the upper left of
the HSI. When the window is selected for display, but wind information is invalid or unavailable, the window
shows “NO WIND DATA”. Wind data can be displayed in three different ways:
Figure 2-34 Wind Data
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Displaying wind data:
1) Press the PFD Softkey.
2) Press the WIND Softkey to display wind data below the Selected Heading.
3) Press one of the OPTN softkeys to change how wind data is displayed:
• OPTN 1: Wind direction arrows with headwind and crosswind components
AFCS
• OPTN 2: Wind direction arrow and speed
• OPTN 3: Wind direction arrow with direction and speed
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
4) To remove the window, press the OFF Softkey.
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FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
VERTICAL NAVIGATION (VNV) INDICATIONS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
When a VNV flight plan has been activated, VNV indications (VNV Target Altitude, RVSI, VDI) appear on the
PFD in conjunction with the “TOD within 1 minute” message and “Vertical track” voice alert. See the Flight
Management and AFCS sections for details on VNV features. VNV indications are removed from the PFD
according to the criteria listed in Table 2-2.
Top of Descent Message
VNV Target
Altitude
EIS
Vertical
Deviation
Indicator
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Required
Vertical
Speed Bug
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
GPS is
Selected
Navigation
Source
Enroute
Phase of
Flight
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure 2-35 Vertical Navigation Indications (PFD)
VNV Indication Removed
Required Vertical
Vertical
VNV Target
Speed (RVSI)
Deviation (VDI)
Altitude
Aircraft > 1 min before the next TOD and not on a descent leg
X
X
X
Aircraft > 1 min before the next TOD due to flight plan change
X
X
X
VNV cancelled (CNCL VNV Softkey pressed on MFD)
X
X
X
Distance to active waypoint cannot be computed due to
unsupported flight plan leg type (see Flight Management
X
X
X
Section)
X
X
X
Aircraft > 250 feet below active VNV Target Altitude
Current crosstrack or track angle error has exceeded limit
X
X
X
Active altitude-constrained waypoint can not be reached within
X
X
maximum allowed flight path angle and vertical speed
X
X
X
Last altitude-constrained waypoint in active flight plan reached
(30 sec before)
AFCS
Criteria
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
Table 2-2 VNV Indication Removal Criteria
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS
2.3 PFD ANNUNCIATIONS AND ALERTING FUNCTIONS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The following annunciations and alerting functions are displayed on the PFD. Refer to Appendix A for more
information on alerts and annunciations.
SYSTEM ALERTING
EIS
Messages appear in the Alerts Window (in the lower right corner of the PFD; Figure 2-36) when a warning,
caution, advisory alert, or G1000 message advisory occurs. System alert messages are provided for awareness
of G1000 system problems or status and may not require pilot action. The Alerts Window allows system alerts
to be displayed simultaneously. The FMS Knob can be used to scroll through the alert messages. The Alerts
Window is enabled/disabled by selecting the ALERTS Softkey. If the window is already open when a new
message is generated, selecting the ALERTS Softkey to acknowledge the message causes it to turn gray.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
The ALERTS Softkey label changes to display the appropriate annunciation when an alert is issued. The
annunciation flashes and the appropriate aural alert sounds until acknowledged by pressing the softkey. The
softkey then reverts to the ALERTS Softkey label, and when selected again opens the Alerts Window.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
The Annunciation Window appears to the right of the Vertical Speed Indicator and displays abbreviated
annunciation text for aircraft alerts. Text color is based on alert level: warnings appear in red, cautions in
yellow, and advisory alerts in white. Alerts are displayed by priority. New warning and caution level alerts, are
displayed at the top and advisories at the bottom of the Annunciation Window.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Comparator
Window
AFCS
Reversionary
Sensor
Window
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Annunciation
Window
APPENDICES
Alerts
Window
Softkey
Annunciation
INDEX
Figure 2-36 G1000 Alerting System
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FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Warnings are time-critical and require immediate attention. A flashing WARNING Softkey annunciation and
aural tone (single chime every two seconds) indicate the presence of a warning. The aural tone and flashing
WARNING Softkey annunciation continue until acknowledged (by pressing the WARNING Softkey).
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Caution indicates the existence of abnormal conditions on the aircraft that may require pilot intervention. A
flashing CAUTION Softkey annunciation and single aural tone (one chime) indicate the presence of a caution.
The flashing CAUTION Softkey annunciation continues to flash until acknowledged (by pressing the CAUTION
Softkey).
EIS
An advisory provides general information to the pilot that may not need immediate attention. A flashing
ADVISORY Softkey annunciation (no aural tone) indicates the presence of a message advisory. The flashing
ADVISORY Softkey annunciation continues to flash until acknowledged (by pressing the ADVISORY
Softkey).
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Figure 2-37 Softkey Annunciation (ALERTS Softkey Labels)
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Critical values generated by redundant sensors are monitored by comparators. If differences in the sensors
exceed a specified amount, the Comparator Window appears in the upper right corner of the PFD and the
discrepancy is annunciated in the Comparator Window as a ‘MISCOMP’ (miscompare). If one or both of the
sensed values are unavailable, it will be annunciated as a ‘NO COMP’ (no compare).
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure 2-38 Comparator Window
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Reversionary sensor selection is annunciated in a window on the right side of the PFD. These annunciations
reflect reversionary sensors selected on one or both PFDs. Pressing the SENSOR Softkey accesses the ADC1,
ADC2, AHRS1, and AHRS2 softkeys. These softkeys allow switching of the sensors being viewed on each
PFD. With certain types of sensor failures, the G1000 may make some sensor selections automatically. The GPS
sensor cannot be switched manually.
APPENDICES
Figure 2-39 Reversionary Sensor Window
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS
MARKER BEACON ANNUNCIATIONS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Marker Beacon Annunciations are displayed on the PFD to the left of the Selected Altitude. Outer marker
reception is indicated in blue, middle in yellow, and inner in white. Refer to the Audio Panel and CNS Section
for more information on Marker Beacon Annunciations.
Middle Marker
Inner Marker
EIS
Outer Marker
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Altimeter
Figure 2-40 Marker Beacon Annunciations
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
TRAFFIC ANNUNCIATION (OPTIONAL)
Traffic is displayed symbolically on the Inset Map (PFD), the Navigation Map Page (MFD), and various other
MFD page maps. When a Traffic Advisory (TA) is detected, the following automatically occurs:
• The PFD Inset Map is enabled, displaying traffic
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
• A flashing black-on-yellow ‘TRAFFIC’ annunciation (Figure 2-41) appears to the top left of the Attitude
Indicator for 5 seconds and remains displayed until no TAs are detected in the area
• A single “TRAFFIC” aural alert is generated
AFCS
If additional TAs appear, new aural and visual alerts are generated.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Traffic
Symbols
APPENDICES
Figure 2-41 Traffic Annunciation
INDEX
Figure 2-42 Inset Map with Traffic Displayed
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FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
TAWS ANNUNCIATIONS (OPTIONAL)
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Terrain Awareness and Warning System (TAWS) annunciations appear on the PFD to the upper left of
the Altimeter. Refer to the Hazard Avoidance Section and Appendix A for information on TAWS alerts and
annunciations.
EIS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Figure 2-43 Traffic and Example TAWS Annunciations
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Potential Impact Point
Projected Flight Path
Unlighted Obstacle
AFCS
100' Threshold
1000'
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Figure 2-44 Terrain Colors
APPENDICES
INDEX
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77
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS
ALTITUDE ALERTING
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The Altitude Alerting function provides visual and audio alerts when approaching the Selected Altitude.
Whenever the Selected Altitude is changed, Altitude Alerting is reset. Altitude Alerting is based on the altitude
information shown on the PFD selected with the XFR Key on the AFCS Control Unit. Altitude Alerting is
independent of the AFCS.
Pilot-side PFD Selected
EIS
Copilot-side PFD Selected
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Figure 2-45 PFD Selection Indications
The following occur when approaching the Selected Altitude:
• Upon passing through 1000 feet of the Selected Altitude, the Selected Altitude Box changes to black text on
a light blue background, flashes for 5 seconds, and an aural tone is generated.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
• When the aircraft passes within 200 feet of the Selected Altitude, the Selected Altitude changes to light blue
text on a black background and flashes for 5 seconds.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
• After reaching the Selected Altitude, if the aircraft flies outside the deviation band (±200 feet of the Selected
Altitude), the Selected Altitude Box changes to yellow text on a black background, flashes for 5 seconds, and
an aural tone is generated.
Within 1000 feet
Within 200 feet
Deviation of ±200 feet
AFCS
Figure 2-46 Altitude Alerting Visual Annunciations
LOW ALTITUDE ANNUNCIATION
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
NOTE: This Low Altitude Annunciation is available only when WAAS is available. This annunciation is not
shown for systems with TAWS, unless TAWS is inhibited.
APPENDICES
When the Final Approach Fix (FAF) is the active waypoint in a RNAV GPS approach using vertical guidance,
a Low Altitude Annunciation may appear if the current aircraft altitude is at least 164 feet below the prescribed
altitude at the FAF. A black-on-yellow ‘LOW ALT’ annunciation appears to the top right of the Altimeter,
flashing for several seconds then remaining displayed until the condition is resolved.
INDEX
Altimeter
Figure 2-47 Low Altitude on GPS WAAS Approach
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FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
MINIMUM DESCENT ALTITUDE/DECISION HEIGHT ALERTING
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
For altitude awareness, a Minimum Descent Altitude (MDA) or Decision Height (DH), based on barometric
altitude or radar altitude (optional), can be set. When active, the altitude setting is displayed to the lower left
of the Altimeter and with a bug at the corresponding altitude along the Altimeter (once the altitude is within
the visible range of the tape).
The following visual annunciations alert the pilot when approaching the MDA/DH:
EIS
• When the aircraft altitude descends to within 2500 feet of the MDA/DH setting, a box labeled ‘BARO MIN’ or
‘RA MIN’ (based on the selected altitude source) appears with the altitude in light blue text. The bug appears
in light blue on the altitude tape at the corresponding altitude once in range.
• When the aircraft passes through 100 feet of the MDA or DH, the bug and text turn white.
Within 2500 feet
Within 100 feet
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
• Once the aircraft reaches the MDA/DH, the bug and text turn yellow and the aural alert, “Minimums
Minimums”, is generated. When the radar altimeter is selected as the altitude source for the Minimum
Descent Altitude alerting function, the color of the current radar height changes to yellow.
Altitude Reached
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
MDA/DH
Bug
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
MDA/DH
Setting
Figure 2-48 Barometric Minimum Descent Altitude/Decision Height Alerting Visual Annunciations
AFCS
Alerting is inhibited while the aircraft is on the ground and until the aircraft reaches 150 feet above the setting
for the alert. If the aircraft proceeds to climb after having reached the MDA/DH, once it reaches 50 feet above
the MDA/DH, alerting is disabled.
The MDA/DH may be set from either PFD and is synchronized on both PFDs. The function is reset when the
power is cycled.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Setting the Minimum Descent Altitude/Decision Height:
1) Press the TMR/REF Softkey.
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the ‘Minimums’ field (Figure 2-49).
APPENDICES
3) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the desired altitude source: barometric (BARO; Figure 2-49) or radar
altimeter (RAD ALT; Figure 2-51). OFF is selected by default. Press the ENT Key or turn the large FMS Knob to
highlight the next field.
4) Use the small FMS Knob to enter the desired altitude (from zero to 16,000 feet).
5) To remove the window, press the CLR Key or the TMR/REF Softkey.
INDEX
Figure 2-49 BARO Minimums Setting
(Timer/References Window)
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79
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS
RADAR ALTIMETER
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EIS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
When the radar height (the aircraft altitude above ground level detected by the radar altimeter) is between
-40 and 2500 feet, the current value is displayed in green above the current aircraft heading (Figure 2-50).
Display of radar height becomes less sensitive as the height above ground decreases (Table 2-3). When the
radar altimeter is selected as the altitude source for the minimum descent altitude alerting function (Figure
2-51), the color of the radar height changes to yellow (Figure 2-52). A ground line (Figure 2-53) is shown on
the Altimeter to display the aircraft’s height relative to the ground. If the data becomes invalid, the message
“RA FAIL” is displayed in yellow in place of the current radar height (Figure 2-54).
Shown to Nearest
-40 to 200 feet
5 feet
200 to 1500 feet
10 feet
1500 to 2500 feet
50 feet
Figure 2-51 RAD ALT Setting
(Timer/References Window)
Figure 2-52 RA as Altitude Source for MDA/DH
AFCS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Table 2-3 Radar Altimeter Sensitivity
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure 2-50 Current Radar Height
Radar Height Range
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Ground
Line
Radar Altimeter
Minimums Box
APPENDICES
Figure 2-53 Altimeter Displaying the Ground Line (RAD ALT)
INDEX
Figure 2-54 Radar Altimeter Invalid Data
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FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
2.4 ABNORMAL OPERATIONS
ABNORMAL GPS CONDITIONS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The annunciations listed in Table 2-4 can appear on the HSI when abnormal GPS conditions occur; see Figure
2-55 for examples. Refer to the Flight Management Section for more information on Dead Reckoning Mode.
Annunciation
LOI
DR
Warning–RAIM function detects excessive GPS position errors
Integrity OK–GPS integrity has been restored to within normal limits
(annunciation displayed for 5 seconds)
Dead Reckoning–System is using projected position rather than GPS position
to compute navigation data and sequence active flight plan waypoints
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
INTEG OK
Description
Loss of Integrity Monitoring–GPS integrity is insufficient for the current
phase of flight
EIS
WARN
Location
Lower left of
aircraft symbol
Lower left of
aircraft symbol
Lower left of
aircraft symbol
Upper right of
aircraft symbol
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Table 2-4 Abnormal GPS Conditions Annunciated on HSI
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure 2-55 Example HSI Annunciations
AFCS
Dead Reckoning Mode causes the CDI to be removed from the display (when GPS is the selected navigation
source) and the following items on the PFD to be shown in yellow:
• Current Track Bug
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
• Wind Data (calculated based on GPS information)
• Distances in the Bearing Information windows
• GPS bearing pointers
APPENDICES
These items should be verified when operating in Dead Reckoning Mode.
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS
UNUSUAL ATTITUDES
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
When the aircraft enters an unusual pitch attitude, red extreme pitch warning chevrons pointing toward the
horizon are displayed on the Attitude Indicator, starting at 50˚ above and 30˚ below the horizon line.
Nose Low
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EIS
Nose High
Figure 2-56 Pitch Attitude Warnings
• Traffic Annunciations
• System Time
• AFCS Annunciations
• PFD Setup Menu
• Minimum Descent Altitude/
Decision Height readout
• Flight director Command Bars
• Inset Map
• Windows displayed in the lower
right corner of the PFD:
• Vertical Deviation, Glideslope,
and Glidepath Indicators
• Outside air temperature (OAT)
– Timer/References
• Altimeter Barometric Setting
• DME Information Window
– Nearest Airports
• Selected Altitude
• Wind data
– Flight Plan
• VNV Target Altitude
• Selected Heading Box
– Messages
• Selected Course Box
– Procedures
• Transponder Status Box
– ADF/DME Tuning
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
If pitch exceeds +30˚/-20˚ or bank exceeds 65˚, some information displayed on the PFD is removed. The
Altimeter and Airspeed, Attitude, Vertical Speed, and Horizontal Situation indicators remain on the display
and the Bearing Information, Alerts, and Annunciation windows can be displayed during such situations. The
following information is removed from the PFD (and corresponding softkeys are disabled) when the aircraft
experiences unusual attitudes:
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ENGINE INDICATION SYSTEM
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
SECTION 3 ENGINE INDICATION SYSTEM (EIS)
NOTE: Refer to the Pilot’s Operating Handbook (POH) for limitations.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The G1000 Engine Indication System (EIS) displays critical engine, fuel, and electrical on the left side of the
Multi Function Display (MFD) during normal operations (Figure 3-1). In Reversionary Mode (Figure 3-2), the
displays are re-configured to present Primary Flight Display (PFD) symbology together with the EIS (Refer to the
System Overview for information regarding display Reversionary Mode).
EIS
EIS
Display
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure 3-1 MFD Normal Operations
EIS
Display
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
Figure 3-2 PFD Reversionary Mode
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INDEX
EIS information is presented using dial gauges, vertical slider indicators, horizontal bar indicators, and digital
readouts. Green bands indicate normal ranges of operation; yellow and red bands indicate caution and warning,
respectively. White or uncolored bands indicate areas outside of normal operation not yet in the caution and
warning ranges. When unsafe operating conditions occur, readouts, pointers, and labels may change color and
flash corresponding to the level of the condition. If sensor data to an instrument becomes invalid or unavailable,
a red “X” is shown across the instrument.
83
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
ENGINE INDICATION SYSTEM
EIS information is presented on two displays, accessed using the ENGINE Softkey on the MFD:
• Engine Display – Default display; shows all critical engine, fuel, electrical, and ice protection (optional)
indicators
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
• System Display – Shows numeric readouts of fuel indicators and calculations, electrical, as well as ice protection
(optional)
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EIS
ENGINE
ENGINE
SYSTEM
TRND/ACK CAPTURE
ENGINE
SYSTEM
TRND/ACK CAPTURE
BACK
RST FUEL LB REM
BACK
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Press the BACK Softkey to return
to the previous level softkeys.
ENGINE
SYSTEM
-10 LB
-1 LB
+1 LB
+10 LB
+100 LB
+1000 LB
2224 LB
BACK
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure 3-3 EIS Softkeys
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ENGINE INDICATION SYSTEM
Accesses the Engine EIS Display and EIS softkeys
• SYSTEM
Accesses the System EIS Display
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
TRND/ACK
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
• ENGINE
Monitors EIS trends for 5 seconds and saves the average and maximum values (if no ADASdgenerated alerts exist)
Acknowledges ADASd-generated alerts, if any exist
LB REM
Accesses softkeys for manually adjusting the fuel totalizer amount of fuel remaining
-10 LB
Decreases the displayed fuel remaining in 10-lb increments
-1 LB
Decreases the displayed fuel remaining in 1-lb increments
+1 LB
Increases the displayed fuel remaining in 1-lb increments
+10 LB
Increases the displayed fuel remaining in 10-lb increments
+100 LB
Increases the displayed fuel remaining in 100-lb increments
+1000 LB
Increases the displayed fuel remaining by 1000 lb
2224 LB
Resets the displayed fuel remaining to the aircraft’s fuel capacity
Returns to the previous level of softkeys
AFCS
• BACK
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Resets the fuel totalizer fuel remaining and the displayed fuel used to zero
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
RST FUEL
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Captures EIS data for the previous 2 minutes of ADASd history and continues capturing EIS
data for 2 minutes after softkey selection
EIS
CAPTURE
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
190-00749-00 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
85
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
ENGINE INDICATION SYSTEM
3.1 ENGINE DISPLAY
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The Engine Display is shown by default. If the EIS System Display is currently shown, the Engine Display may
be selected by pressing the ENGINE or BACK Softkey. Critical changes in certain systems may also automatically
revert the EIS to the ENGINE Display. At the top of both EIS displays, the Torque, Interstage Turbine Temperature
(ITT), Gas Generator Speed, and Propeller Speed indicators are present.
If one of the optional anti-ice systems is installed, the amount of anti-icing fluid in gallons (A-ICE GAL) or the
propeller de-icing heater current (PROP AMPS) is displayed below the electrical indicators.
Propeller Heat
EIS
Anti-Ice Fluid
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Figure 3-4 Anti-ice System Indications
Cruise
Torque
Bug
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
1
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
2
3
AFCS
4
5
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
6
APPENDICES
7
8
9
INDEX
10
11
Figure 3-5 Engine Display
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ENGINE INDICATION SYSTEM
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
1
Displays engine torque in foot-pounds (ft-lb)
Torque Gauge
(TRQ FT-LB)
Warning indication is propeller speed sensitive and changes for speeds
between 1800 and 1900 rpm.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
A light blue bug (Figure 3-5) represents the recommended cruise torque
setting (appears for certain combinations of propeller speed, Outside Air
Temperature (OAT), airspeed, and altitude)
2
Displays Interstage Turbine Temperature (ITT) in degrees Celsius (°C)
Interstage Turbine
Temperature Gauge
(ITT °C)
Engine Start
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Engine Off
EIS
Operating ranges differ for engine start and normal running conditions.
When the engine is running, ‘STRT’ is annunciated above the temperature
readout. When the engine is off or in the process of being shut down,
‘OFF’ is annunciated (Figure 3-6).
Normal
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Figure 3-6 Interstage Turbine Temperature Gauge Status Annunciations
Propeller Speed
(PROP RPM)
Displays propeller speed in revolutions per minute (rpm)
5
Oil Pressure Indicator
(OIL PSI)
Displays engine oil pressure in pounds per square inch (psi)
6
Oil Temperature Indicator Displays engine oil temperature in °C
(OIL °C)
7
Fuel Quantity Indicator
(FUEL QTY LBS)
Displays quantities of fuel in pounds (lb) in the left (L) and right (R) tanks
8
Fuel Flow
(FFLOW PPH)
Displays current fuel flow in pounds per hour (pph)
9
Ammeter
(BAT AMPS)
Displays DC current in amperes (amps) for the battery
10
190-00749-00 Rev. B
Displays DC bus voltage
INDEX
Voltmeter
(BUS VOLTS)
11 Propeller Heat
(PROP AMPS)
APPENDICES
4
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Displays gas generator speed as a percentage
AFCS
Generator Speed Gauge
(NG % RPM)
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
3
Displays propeller de-icing heater current
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
87
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
ENGINE INDICATION SYSTEM
3.2 SYSTEM DISPLAY
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The System Display is accessed by pressing the SYSTEM Softkey. Besides the gauges, all indications on this
display are digital readouts, separated into these categories: Fuel (quantities and flow), Fuel Totalizer (fuel
remaining and used calculations), and Electrical.
EIS
If an optional anti-ice system is installed, one of the following sets of information is displayed below the
electrical indicator:
A-ICE GAL
Amount of anti-icing fluid in gallons
TIME REM
Time remaining for icing protection in hours:minutes based on the remaining
anti-ice quantity and the current anti-ice operating mode (normal or high)
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
PROP AMPS Propeller de-icing heater current
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Anti-Ice Fluid
Propeller Heat
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure 3-7 Anti-ice System Indications
Accessing the EIS System Display:
1) Press the ENGINE Softkey.
2) Press the SYSTEM Softkey.
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
3) To return to the default Engine Display, press the ENGINE or BACK Softkey.
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ENGINE INDICATION SYSTEM
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
1
EIS
2
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
3
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
4
5
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
6
7
8
AFCS
9
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
10
11
12
APPENDICES
Figure 3-8 System Display
INDEX
190-00749-00 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
89
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
ENGINE INDICATION SYSTEM
Displays engine torque in foot-pounds (ft-lb)
Torque Gauge
(TRQ FT-LB)
Warning indication is propeller speed sensitive and changes for speeds
between 1800 and 1900 rpm.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
1
A light blue triangular (Figure 3-5) bug represents the recommended cruise
torque setting (appears for certain combinations of propeller speed, Outside
Air Temperature (OAT), airspeed, and altitude)
2
Displays Interstage Turbine Temperature (ITT) in degrees Celsius (°C)
3
Generator Speed Gauge
(NG % RPM)
Displays gas generator speed as a percentage
4
Propeller Speed Gauge
(PROP RPM)
Displays propeller speed in revolutions per minute (rpm)
5
Fuel Quantities
(QTY L/R LB)
Displays quantities of fuel in pounds (lb) in the left (L) and right (R) tanks
6
Fuel Flow
(FFLOW PPH)
Displays current fuel flow in pounds per hour (pph)
7
Set Fuel Remaining
(LB REM)
Displays current fuel remaining in lb as set by the pilot and adjusted based
on fuel flow since last set
8
Calculated Fuel Used
(LB USED)
Displays quantity of fuel used in lb based on fuel flow since last reset
9
Displays generator (GEN), alternator (ALT), and battery (BAT) currents in
Ammeter
(GEN, ALT, BAT AMPS) Amperes (amps)
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EIS
Interstage Turbine
Temperature Gauge
(ITT °C)
10
Displays bus voltage
Displays anti-ice fluid in gallons
Displays time remaining until anti-ice fluid is
INDEX
APPENDICES
Voltmeter
(BUS VOLTS)
11 Anti-Ice
(A-ICE GAL)
12 Time Remaining
(TIME REM)
Operating ranges differ for engine start and normal running conditions (see
Figure 3-4). When the engine is running, ‘STRT’ is annunciated above the
temperature readout. When the engine is off or in the process of being shut
down, ‘OFF’ is annunciated.
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ENGINE INDICATION SYSTEM
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
FUEL CALCULATIONS
NOTE: Fuel calculations do not use the aircraft fuel quantity indicators and are calculated from the last time
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
the fuel was reset.
The fuel used is calculated based on the fuel flow totalizer and the displayed fuel remaining (LB REM). Fuel
remaining can be adjusted using the appropriate softkeys up to the maximum amount allowed for the aircraft
(2224 lb).
Adjusting the fuel totalizer quantity:
EIS
1) From the System Display, press the LB REM Softkey.
2) Use the softkeys to adjust the displayed fuel remaining.
3) Press the BACK Softkey to return to the previous softkey level.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Resetting the fuel totalizer:
From the System Display, press the RST FUEL Softkey. This also resets the displayed fuel remaining (LB REM)
and calculated fuel used (LB USED) to zero.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
190-00749-00 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
91
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EIS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
ENGINE INDICATION SYSTEM
BLANK PAGE
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AUDIO PANEL AND CNS
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
SECTION 4 AUDIO PANEL AND CNS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
4.1 OVERVIEW
The Communication/Navigation/Surveillance (CNS) system includes the Audio Panel, communication radios,
navigation radios, and Mode S transponder. The System Overview Section provides a block diagram description
of the Audio Panel and CNS system interconnection.
CNS operation in Cessna Caravan aircraft is performed by the following Line Replaceable Units (LRUs):
• Audio Panel
• Multi Function Display (MFD)
• Mode S Transponder (1 or 2)
EIS
• Primary Flight Display (PFD) (2)
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
• Integrated Avionics Unit (2)
The MFD/PFD controls are used to tune the communication transceivers and navigation radios.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
The Audio Panel provides the traditional audio selector functions of microphone and receiver audio selection.
The Audio Panel includes an intercom system (ICS) between the pilot, copilot, and passengers, a marker beacon
receiver, and a COM clearance recorder. Ambient noise from the aircraft radios is reduced by a feature called
Master Avionics Squelch (MASQ). When no audio is detected, MASQ processing further reduces the amount of
background noise from the radios.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
The Mode S transponder is controlled with softkeys and the FMS Knob located on the Primary Flight Display
(PFD). The Transponder Data Box is located to the left of the System Time Box. The data box displays the active
four-digit code, mode, and reply status (Figure 4-1).
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
190-00749-00 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
93
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
AUDIO PANEL AND CNS
MFD/PFD CONTROLS AND FREQUENCY DISPLAY
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EIS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
1
9
10
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
11
12
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
Figure 4-1 MFD/PFD Controls, NAV/COM Frequency Tuning Boxes, and DME Tuning Window (PFD Shown)
94
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AUDIO PANEL AND CNS
NAV Frequency Box – Displays NAV standby and active frequency fields, volume, and station ID. The
frequency of the NAV radio selected for navigation is displayed in green.
5
COM Frequency Box – Displays COM standby and active frequency fields and volume. The selected COM
transceiver frequency is displayed in green.
6
COM Knob – Tunes the standby frequencies for the COM transceiver (large knob for MHz; small knob for
kHz). Press to move the tuning box (light blue box) and Frequency Transfer Arrow between COM1 and
COM2.
7
COM Frequency Transfer Key – Transfers the standby and active COM frequencies. Press and hold this key
for two seconds to tune the emergency frequency (121.500 MHz) automatically into the active frequency
field.
8
COM VOL/SQ Knob – Controls COM audio volume level. Press to turn the COM automatic squelch on
and off. Volume level is shown in the COM frequency field as a percentage.
9
DME Tuning Window – Displays DME frequency pairing mode. Display by pressing DME Softkey.
10
ENT Key – Validates or confirms DME pairing mode and Auto-tune selection.
11
FMS Knob – Flight Management System Knob, used to enter transponder codes, select DME modes, and
Auto-tune entries when DME Tuning Window or NRST Window is present. Press the FMS Knob to turn
the selection cursor on and off. The large knob moves the cursor in the window. The small knob selects
individual characters for the highlighted cursor location.
12
Transponder Data Box – Indicates the selected transponder code, operating mode, reply, and ident status
for the transponder.
AFCS
4
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
NAV Knob – Tunes the standby frequencies for the NAV receiver (large knob for MHz; small knob for kHz).
Press to move the tuning box (light blue box) and Frequency Transfer Arrow between NAV1 and NAV2.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
3
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
NAV Frequency Transfer Key – Transfers the standby and active NAV frequencies.
EIS
2
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
NAV VOL/ID Knob – Controls NAV audio volume level. Press to turn the Morse code identifier audio on
and off. Volume level is shown in the NAV frequency field as a percentage.
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
1
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
190-00749-00 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
95
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
AUDIO PANEL AND CNS
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
14
15
16
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
2
13
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
1
18
19
20
21
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
EIS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
AUDIO PANEL CONTROLS
22
23
17
24
AFCS
Figure 4-2 Audio Panel Controls
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
NOTE: When a key is selected, a triangular annunciator above the key is illuminated.
96
1
COM1 MIC – Selects the #1 transmitter for transmitting. COM1 receive is simultaneously selected when
this key is pressed allowing received audio from the #1 COM receiver to be heard. COM2 receive can be
added by pressing the COM2 Key.
2
COM1 – When selected, audio from the #1 COM receiver can be heard.
3
COM2 MIC – Selects the #2 transmitter for transmitting. COM2 receive is simultaneously selected when
this key is pressed allowing received audio from the #2 COM receiver to be heard. COM1 receive can be
added by pressing the COM1 Key.
4
COM2 – When selected, audio from the #2 COM receiver can be heard.
5
COM3 MIC – Selects the optional #3 transmitter (HF) for transmitting. COM3 receive is simultaneously
selected when this key is pressed allowing received audio from the #3 COM receiver to be heard.
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
190-00749-00 Rev. B
AUDIO PANEL AND CNS
SPKR – Selects and deselects the cabin speaker. COM and NAV receiver audio can be heard on the
speaker.
11
MKR/MUTE – Selects marker beacon receiver audio. Mutes the currently received marker beacon receiver
audio. Unmutes automatically when new marker beacon audio is received. Also, stops play of recorded
COM audio.
12
HI SENS – Press to increase marker beacon receiver sensitivity. Press again to return to low sensitivity.
13
DME – Turns DME audio on or off.
14
NAV1 – When selected, audio from the #1 NAV receiver can be heard.
15
ADF – Turns the optional ADF receiver audio on or off.
16
NAV2 – When selected, audio from the #2 NAV receiver can be heard.
17
AUX – Not used in Cessna Caravan.
18
MAN SQ – Enables manual squelch for the intercom. When the intercom is active, press the PILOT Knob
to illuminate SQ. Turn the PILOT/PASS Knobs to adjust squelch.
19
PLAY – Press once to play the last recorded COM audio. Press again while audio is playing and the
previous block of recorded audio is played. Each subsequent press plays each previously recorded block.
Pressing the MKR/MUTE Key during play of a memory block stops play.
20
PILOT – Selects and deselects the pilot intercom isolation.
21
COPLT – Selects and deselects the copilot intercom isolation.
22
PILOT Knob – Press to switch between volume and squelch control as indicated by illumination of VOL
or SQ. Turn to adjust intercom volume or squelch. The MAN SQ Key must be selected to allow squelch
adjustment.
23
PASS Knob – Turn to adjust Copilot/Passenger intercom volume or squelch. The MAN SQ Key must be
selected to allow squelch adjustment.
24
DISPLAY BACKUP Button – Manually selects Reversionary Mode.
APPENDICES
10
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
PA – Selects the passenger address system. The selected COM transmitter is deselected when the PA Key
is pressed.
AFCS
9
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
TEL – Not used in Cessna Caravan.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
8
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
COM 1/2 – Not used in Cessna Caravan.
EIS
7
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
COM3 – When selected, audio from the optional #3 COM receiver (HF) can be heard.
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
6
INDEX
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Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
97
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
AUDIO PANEL AND CNS
4.2 COM OPERATION
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
COM TRANSCEIVER SELECTION AND ACTIVATION
NOTE: During PA Mode, the COM MIC Annunciator is extinguished and the COM active frequency color
changes to white, indicating that neither COM transmitter is active.
NOTE: When turning on the G1000 for use, the system remembers the last frequencies used and the active
EIS
COM transceiver state prior to shutdown.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
The COM Frequency Box is composed of four fields; the two active frequencies are on the left side and the
two standby frequencies are on the right. The COM transceiver is selected for transmitting by pressing the
COM MIC Keys on the Audio Panel. During reception of audio from the COM radio selected for transmission,
audio from the other COM radio is muted.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
An active COM frequency displayed in green indicates that the COM transceiver is selected on the Audio
Panel (COM1 MIC or COM2 MIC Key). Both active COM frequencies appearing in white indicate that no COM
radio is selected for transmitting (PA Key is selected on the Audio Panel). Frequencies in the standby field are
displayed in white.
Active
Fields
Standby
Fields
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Top Section of
the Audio Panel
Tuning Box
AFCS
COM2 Radio is Selected
on the Audio Panel
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Figure 4-3 Selecting a COM Radio for Transmit
INDEX
APPENDICES
COM3 is reserved for the optional HF radio. The active HF frequency is not shown on the G1000.
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AUDIO PANEL AND CNS
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
TRANSMIT/RECEIVE INDICATIONS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
During COM transmission, a white TX appears by the active COM frequency replacing the Frequency
Transfer Arrow. On the Audio Panel, when the active COM is transmitting, the active transceiver COM MIC
Key Annunciator flashes approximately once per second.
During COM signal reception, a white RX appears by the active COM frequency replacing the Frequency
Transfer Arrow. Entertainment audio, if selected, is muted during active COM radio reception. Refer to
Additional Audio Panel Functions later in this section, and details on the Data Link Receiver in the Additional
Features Section.
EIS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Transmit and
Receive Indicators
Annunciator
Flashes During
Transmission
Figure 4-4 COM Radio Transmit and Receive Indications
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
COM TRANSCEIVER MANUAL TUNING
The COM frequency controls and frequency boxes are on the right side of each MFD and PFD. The MFD
frequency controls and displays are linked to the pilot side PFD (PFD1) only.
Manually tuning a COM frequency:
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
1) Turn the COM Knob to tune the desired frequency in the COM Tuning Box (large knob for MHz; small knob for
kHz).
2) Press the Frequency Transfer Key to transfer the frequency to the active field.
3) Adjust the volume level with the COM VOL/SQ Knob.
Turn the VOL/SQ Knob to adjust
volume. Press the Knob to Turn
Automatic Squelch On or Off
AFCS
4) Press the COM VOL/SQ Knob to turn automatic squelch on and off.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Press the Frequency Transfer
Key to Transfer COM
Frequencies Between Active
and Standby Frequency Boxes
Turn the COM Knob to
Tune the Frequency in
the Tuning Box
APPENDICES
Figure 4-5 COM Frequency Tuning
INDEX
190-00749-00 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
99
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
AUDIO PANEL AND CNS
SELECTING THE RADIO TO BE TUNED
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Press the small COM Knob to transfer the frequency tuning box and Frequency Transfer Arrow between the
upper and lower radio frequency fields. The small COM Knob on the MFD is linked to the pilot side PFD
(PFD1) only. The small COM Knob on the copilot side PFD (PFD2) operates independently.
EIS
Press the COM Knob to
Switch the Tuning Box From
One COM Radio to the Other
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Figure 4-6 Switching COM Tuning Boxes
QUICK-TUNING AND ACTIVATING 121.500 MHZ
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Pressing and holding the COM Frequency Transfer Key for two seconds automatically loads the emergency
COM frequency (121.500 MHz) in the active field of the COM radio selected for tuning (the one with the
transfer arrow). In the example shown, pressing the Audio Panel COM2 MIC Key activates the transceiver.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Press for Two Seconds to
Load 121.500 MHz
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
Figure 4-7 Quickly Tuning 121.500 MHz
100
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
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AUDIO PANEL AND CNS
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
AUTO-TUNING THE COM FREQUENCY
COM frequencies can be automatically tuned from the following:
• Nearest Airports Window (PFD)
• NRST – Nearest Frequencies Page (ARTCC, FSS, WX)
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
• WPT – Airport Information Page
• NRST – Nearest Airspaces Page
• NRST – Nearest Airports Page
AUTO-TUNING FROM THE PFD
EIS
COM frequencies for the nearest airports can be automatically tuned from the Nearest Airports Window on
the PFD. When the desired frequency is entered, it becomes a standby frequency. Pressing the Frequency
Transfer Key places this frequency into the COM Active Frequency Field.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Auto-tuning a COM frequency for a nearby airport from the PFD:
1) Press the NRST Softkey on the PFD to open the Nearest Airports Window. A list of 25 nearest airport identifiers
and COM frequencies is displayed.
2) Turn the FMS Knob to scroll through the list and highlight the desired COM frequency.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
3) Press the ENT Key to load the COM frequency into the COM Standby Tuning Box.
4) Press the Frequency Transfer Key to transfer the frequency to the COM Active Frequency Field.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
Figure 4-8 Nearest Airports Window (PFD)
Press the NRST
Softkey to Open
the Nearest
Airports Window
INDEX
190-00749-00 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
101
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
AUDIO PANEL AND CNS
AUTO-TUNING FROM THE MFD
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Frequencies can be automatically loaded into the COM Frequency Box from pages in the NRST or WPT
page group by highlighting the frequency and pressing the ENT Key (Figures 4-9, 4-10, and 4-11).
Auto-tuning a COM frequency from the WPT and NRST Pages:
1) From any page that the COM frequency can be auto-tuned, activate the cursor by pressing the FMS Knob or the
appropriate softkey.
2) Turn the FMS Knob to place the cursor on the desired COM frequency (Figure 4-11).
EIS
3) Press the ENT Key to load the COM frequency into the standby field of the selected COM radio.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
4) Press the Frequency Transfer Key to transfer the frequency to the COM Active Frequency Field.
Press the ENT Key to
Load a Highlighted
Frequency into
the COM Standby
Frequency Box
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Turn the FMS
Knob to Scroll
Through a List
of Frequencies
Figure 4-9 Frequency Auto-Tuning from the MFD
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Or:
1) Press the MENU Key to display the page menu.
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to scroll through the menu options.
3) Press the ENT Key to place the cursor on the desired selection.
AFCS
4) Scroll through the frequency selections with the FMS Knob or the ENT Key.
5) Press the ENT Key to load the COM frequency into the standby field of the selected COM radio.
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
6) Press the Frequency Transfer Key to transfer the frequency to the COM Active Frequency Field.
Nearest Airports Menu
Nearest Frequencies Menu
Nearest Airspaces Menu
Figure 4-10 Nearest Pages Menus
102
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
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AUDIO PANEL AND CNS
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
On the WPT - Airport Information Page, the cursor can be placed on the frequency field by pressing the
FMS Knob and scrolling through the list. The frequency is transferred to the COM Standby Field with the
ENT Key.
Selected Airport
Identifier and
Information
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Press Frequency
Transfer Key to Load
Frequency into COM
Active Frequency Field
EIS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Runway
Information
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure 4-11 WPT – Airport Information Page
Press INFO Softkey for
AIRPORT, RUNWAYS,
and FREQUENCIES
Windows
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Press ENT Key to Load
Frequency into COM
Standby Field. Cursor
then Advances to
Next Frequency.
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
190-00749-00 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
103
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
AUDIO PANEL AND CNS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EIS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
COM frequencies can also be auto-tuned from the NRST – Nearest Airspaces, NRST – Nearest Frequencies,
and NRST – Nearest Airports Pages on the MFD in a similar manner using the appropriate softkeys or MENU
Key, the FMS Knob, and the ENT Key.
INDEX
APPENDICES
Figure 4-12 NRST – Nearest Airspaces, NRST – Nearest Airports, and NRST – Nearest Frequencies Pages
104
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AUDIO PANEL AND CNS
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
FREQUENCY SPACING
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The G1000 COM radios can tune either 25-kHz spacing (118.000 to 136.975 MHz) or 8.33-kHz spacing
(118.000 to 136.990 MHz) for 760-channel or 3040-channel configuration. When 8.33-kHz channel spacing
is selected, all of the 25-kHz channel spacing frequencies are also available in the complete 3040-channel list.
COM channel spacing is set on the System Setup Page of the AUX Page Group.
25-kHz Channel
Spacing
EIS
8.33-kHz Channel
Spacing
Figure 4-13 COM Channel Spacing
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Changing COM frequency channel spacing:
1) Select the AUX – System Setup Page.
2) Press the FMS Knob to activate the flashing cursor.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the Channel Spacing Field in the COM Configuration Box.
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the desired channel spacing.
5) Press the ENT Key to complete the channel spacing selection.
While the COM CONFIG Window is selected, the G1000 softkeys are blank.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Select 8.33-kHz
or 25.0-kHz
COM Frequency
Channel Spacing
APPENDICES
AUX - SYSTEM
SETUP PAGE
INDEX
Figure 4-14 AUX – System Setup Page
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105
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
AUDIO PANEL AND CNS
AUTOMATIC SQUELCH
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Automatic Squelch quiets unwanted static noise when no audio signal is received, while still providing good
sensitivity to weak COM signals. To disable Automatic Squelch, press the VOL/SQ Knob. When Automatic
Squelch is disabled, COM audio reception is always on. Continuous static noise is heard over the headsets and
speaker, if selected. Pressing the VOL/SQ Knob again enables Automatic Squelch.
EIS
When Automatic Squelch is disabled, a white SQ appears next to the COM frequency.
Squelch
Indication
Press the COM VOL/
SQ Knob to turn off
Automatic Squelch.
Press again to restore
Automatic Squelch.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Figure 4-15 Overriding Automatic Squelch
VOLUME
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
COM radio volume level can be adjusted from 0 to 100% using the VOL/SQ Knob. Turning the knob
clockwise increases volume, turning the knob counterclockwise decreases volume. When adjusting volume,
the level is displayed in place of the standby frequencies. Volume level indication remains for two seconds after
the change.
COM Volume
Level Remains for
Two Seconds
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
Figure 4-16 COM Volume Level
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AUDIO PANEL AND CNS
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
4.3 NAV OPERATION
NAV RADIO SELECTION AND ACTIVATION
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The NAV Frequency Box is composed of four fields; two standby fields and two active fields. The active
frequencies are on the right side and the standby frequencies are on the left.
EIS
A NAV radio is selected for navigation by pressing the CDI Softkey located on the PFD. The active NAV
frequency selected for navigation is displayed in green. Pressing the CDI Softkey once selects NAV1 as the
navigation radio. Pressing the CDI Softkey twice selects NAV2 as the navigation radio. Pressing the CDI
Softkey a third time activates GPS mode. Pressing the CDI Softkey again cycles back to NAV1.
While cycling through the CDI Softkey selections, the NAV Tuning Box and the Frequency Transfer Arrow are
placed in the active NAV Frequency Field and the active NAV frequency color changes to green.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
The three navigation modes that can be cycled through are:
• VOR1 (or LOC1) – If NAV1 is selected, a green single line arrow (not shown) labeled either VOR1 or LOC1
is displayed on the HSI and the active NAV1 frequency is displayed in green.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
• VOR2 (or LOC2) – If NAV2 is selected, a green double line arrow (shown) labeled either VOR2 or LOC2 is
displayed on the HSI and the active NAV2 frequency is displayed in green.
• GPS – If GPS Mode is selected, a magenta single line arrow (not shown) appears on the HSI and neither NAV
radio is selected. Both active NAV frequencies are then displayed in white.
Active
Fields
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Standby
Fields
Tuning Box
AFCS
The NAV Radio is
Selected by Pressing
the CDI Softkey
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Figure 4-17 Selecting a NAV Radio for Navigation
APPENDICES
The active NAV frequency displayed in green on the MFD is the same as on PFD1.
See the Flight Instruments Section for selecting the DME and Bearing Information windows and using VOR
or ADF as the source for the bearing pointer.
INDEX
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107
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
AUDIO PANEL AND CNS
EIS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
NAV radios are selected for listening by pressing the corresponding keys on the Audio Panel. Pressing the
NAV1, NAV2, ADF, or DME Key selects and deselects the navigation radio source. Selected audio can be heard over
the headset and the speaker (if selected). All radios can be selected individually or simultaneously.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
NAV RECEIVER MANUAL TUNING
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Figure 4-18 Selecting a NAV Radio Receiver
Manually tuning a NAV frequency:
The NAV frequency controls and frequency boxes are on the left side of the MFD and PFD. The MFD
frequency controls and displays are linked to the pilot side PFD (PFD1) only.
1) Turn the NAV Knob to tune the desired frequency in the NAV Tuning Box.
2) Press the Frequency Transfer Key to transfer the frequency to the NAV Active Frequency Field.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
3) Adjust the volume level with the NAV VOL/ID Knob.
4) Press the NAV VOL/ID Knob to turn the Morse code identifier audio on and off.
AFCS
Turn VOL/ID Knob to adjust
volume. Press Knob to Turn
Morse Code On or Off.
Press the Frequency Transfer Key to
Transfer NAV Frequencies Between
Active and Standby Frequency Fields
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Turn the NAV Knob to
Tune the Frequency in
the Tuning Box
INDEX
APPENDICES
Figure 4-19 NAV Frequency Tuning
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AUDIO PANEL AND CNS
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
SELECTING THE RADIO TO BE TUNED
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Press the small NAV Knob to transfer the frequency tuning box and Frequency Transfer Arrow between the
upper and lower radio frequency fields. The small NAV Knob on the MFD is linked to the pilot side PFD
(PFD1) only. The small NAV Knob on the copilot side PFD (PFD2) operates independently.
EIS
Press the NAV Knob to
Switch the Tuning Box From
One NAV Radio to the Other
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Figure 4-20 Switching NAV Tuning Boxes
VOR/LOC ID
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
When the Morse code Identifier audio is on for a NAV radio, a white ID appears to the left of the active
NAV frequency.
In the example shown, in order to listen to either station identifier, press the NAV1 or NAV2 Key on the
Audio Panel. Pressing the VOL/ID Knob turns off the Morse code audio only in the radio with the NAV
Tuning Box. To turn off both NAV IDs, transfer the NAV Tuning Box between NAV1 and NAV2 with the small
NAV Knob and press the VOL/ID Knob again to turn the Morse code off in the other radio.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
The Morse Code Identifier
for the GHM VOR is On
Station
Identifier
AFCS
Figure 4-21 NAV Radio ID Indication
VOLUME
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
NAV Radio volume level can be adjusted from 0 to 100% using the VOL/ID Knob. Turning the knob
clockwise increases volume, counterclockwise decreases volume.
When adjusting, the level is displayed in place of the standby frequencies. Volume level indication remains
for two seconds after the change.
APPENDICES
NAV Volume
Level Remains
for Two Seconds
190-00749-00 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
INDEX
Figure 4-22 NAV Volume Levels
109
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
AUTO-TUNING A NAV FREQUENCY FROM THE MFD
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
AUDIO PANEL AND CNS
• WPT – VOR Information
• NRST – Nearest Frequencies (FSS, WX)
• NRST – Nearest Airports
• NRST – Nearest Airspaces
NAV frequencies can be selected and loaded from the following MFD pages:
• NRST – Nearest VOR
• WPT – Airport Information
EIS
The MFD provides auto-tuning of NAV frequencies from waypoint and nearest pages. During enroute
navigation, the NAV frequency is entered automatically into the NAV standby frequency field. During approach
activation the NAV frequency is entered automatically into the NAV active frequency field.
Frequencies can be automatically loaded into the NAV Frequency Box from pages in the NRST or WPT page
group by highlighting the frequency and pressing the ENT Key (Figures 4-23, 4-24, and 4-25).
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Auto-tuning a NAV frequency from the WPT and NRST Pages:
1) From any page that the NAV frequency can be auto-tuned, activate the cursor by pressing the FMS Knob or the
appropriate softkey.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
2) Turn the FMS Knob to place the cursor on the desired NAV identifier.
3) Press the FREQ Softkey to place the cursor on the NAV frequency (Figure 4-25).
4) Press the ENT Key to load the NAV frequency into the standby field of the selected NAV radio.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
5) Press the Frequency Transfer Key to transfer the frequency to the NAV Active Frequency Field.
AFCS
Turn the FMS
Knob to Scroll
Through a List
of Frequencies
Press the ENT
Key to Load
a Highlighted
Frequency into
the NAV Standby
Frequency Box
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Figure 4-23 NAV Frequency Auto-Tuning from the MFD
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AUDIO PANEL AND CNS
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Or:
1) When on the NRST pages, press the MENU Key to display the page menu.
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to scroll through the menu options.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
3) Press the ENT Key to place the cursor in the desired window.
4) Scroll through the frequency selections with the FMS Knob or the ENT Key.
5) Press the ENT Key to load the NAV frequency into the standby field of the selected NAV radio.
6) Press the Frequency Transfer Key to transfer the frequency to the NAV Active Frequency Field.
EIS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Nearest Airports Menu
Nearest VOR Menu
Figure 4-24 Nearest Pages Menus
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
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111
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
AUDIO PANEL AND CNS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EIS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
In the example shown, the VOR list is selected with the VOR Softkey or from the page menu. The FMS Knob
or ENT Key is used to scroll through the list. The cursor is placed on the frequency with the FREQ Softkey and
loaded into the NAV Tuning Box with the ENT Key.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Press the ENT
Key to Load
the Frequency
into the NAV
Standby Field.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Press the VOR
Softkey to Place
the Cursor on the
VOR Identifier
Press the FREQ
Softkey to Place
the Cursor on the
VOR Frequency
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
Figure 4-25 Loading the NAV Frequency from the NRST – Nearest VOR Page
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AUDIO PANEL AND CNS
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
While enroute, NAV frequencies can also be auto-tuned from the NRST – Nearest Airports,
WPT – Airport Information, WPT – VOR Information, and NRST – Nearest Frequencies Pages on the MFD in
a similar manner using the appropriate softkeys or MENU Key, the FMS Knob, and the ENT Key.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
EIS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
Figure 4-26 NRST – Nearest Frequencies, WPT – VOR Information, WPT – Airport Information, and
NRST – Nearest Airports Pages
INDEX
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113
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
AUDIO PANEL AND CNS
AUTO-TUNING NAV FREQUENCIES ON APPROACH ACTIVATION
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
NOTE: The primary NAV frequency is auto-tuned upon loading a VOR or ILS/Localizer approach.
NOTE: When an ILS/LOC approach has been activated while navigating by GPS, the system automatically
switches to LOC as the final approach course is intercepted (within 15 nm of the FAF). See the Flight
Management Section for details.
EIS
NAV frequencies are automatically loaded into the NAV Frequency Box on approach activation, on both
PFD1 and PFD2.
When loading or activating a VOR or ILS/LOC approach, the approach frequency is automatically transferred
to a NAV frequency field as follows:
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
• If the current CDI navigation source is GPS, the approach frequency is transferred to the NAV1 or NAV2
active frequency fields. The frequency that was previously in the NAV1 or NAV2 active frequency fields are
transferred to standby.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
• If the current CDI navigation source is GPS, and if the approach frequency is already loaded into the NAV1
or NAV2 standby frequency field, the standby frequency is transferred to active.
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
• If the current CDI navigation source is NAV1 or NAV2, the approach frequency is transferred to the standby
frequency fields of the selected CDI NAV radio.
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AUDIO PANEL AND CNS
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
MARKER BEACON RECEIVER
NOTE: The marker beacon indicators operate independently of marker beacon audio and cannot be turned
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
off.
The marker beacon receiver is used as part of the ILS. The marker beacon receiver is always on and detects
any marker beacon signals within the reception range of the aircraft.
The receiver detects the three marker tones – outer, middle, and inner – and provides the marker beacon
annunciations located to the left of the Altimeter on the PFD.
Middle Marker
Indication
Inner Marker
Indication
EIS
Outer Marker
Indication
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Figure 4-27 Marker Beacon Annunciations on the PFD
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure 4-28 Marker Beacon Keys
AFCS
The Audio Panel provides three different states of marker beacon operation; On, Muted, and Deselected.
Pressing the MKR/MUTE Key selects and deselects marker beacon audio. The key annunciator indicates when
marker beacon audio is selected.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
During marker beacon audio reception, pressing the MKR/MUTE Key mutes the audio but does not affect the
marker annunciations (Figure 4-27). The marker tone is silenced, then waits for the next marker tone. The
MKR/MUTE Key Annunciator is illuminated, indicating audio muting. The audio returns when the next marker
beacon signal is received. If the MKR/MUTE Key is pressed during signal reception (O, M, I indication) while
marker beacon audio is muted, the audio is deselected and the MKR/MUTE Key Annunciator is extinguished.
APPENDICES
Pressing the HI SENS Key switches between high and low marker beacon receiver sensitivity. The HI SENS
function (annunciator illuminated) is used to provide an earlier indication when nearing a marker during an
approach. The LO SENS function (annunciator extinguished) results in a narrower marker dwell while over a
station.
INDEX
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115
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
AUDIO PANEL AND CNS
DME TUNING
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
NOTE: When another auxiliary window is turned on, the DME Tuning Window is replaced on the PFD.
NOTE: When turning on the G1000 for use, the system remembers the last frequency used for DME tuning
and the NAV1, NAV2, or HOLD state prior to shutdown.
The G1000 System tunes the DME transceiver. The UHF DME frequency is tuned by pairing with a VHF NAV
frequency. DME frequency pairing is automatic and only the VHF NAV frequency is shown.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EIS
The DME Tuning Window is located to the right of the HSI in the lower right corner of the PFD. The DME
transceiver is tuned by selecting NAV1, NAV2, or HOLD in the DME Tuning Window. Pressing the DME
Softkey switches the DME Tuning Window on and off.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
DME
Modes
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure 4-29 DME Tuning Window
The following DME transceiver pairing can be selected:
• NAV1 – Pairs the DME frequency from the selected NAV1 frequency.
• NAV2 – Pairs the DME frequency from the selected NAV2 frequency.
AFCS
• HOLD – When in the HOLD position, the DME frequency remains paired with the last selected NAV
frequency.
Selecting DME transceiver pairing:
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
1) Press the DME Softkey to display the DME Tuning Window.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the DME tuning mode.
3) Press the ENT Key to complete the selection.
APPENDICES
Pressing the CLR Key or FMS Knob while in the process of DME pairing cancels the tuning entry and reverts
back to the previously selected DME tuning state. Pressing the FMS Knob activates/deactivates the cursor in
the DME Tuning Window.
INDEX
See the Flight Instruments Section for displaying the DME information window.
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AUDIO PANEL AND CNS
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
4.4 GTX 33 MODE S TRANSPONDER
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The GTX 33 Mode S Transponder provides Mode A, Mode C, and Mode S interrogation and reply capabilities.
Selective addressing or Mode Select (Mode S) capability includes the following features:
• Level-2 reply data link capability (used to exchange information between aircraft and ATC facilities)
• Surveillance identifier capability
• Flight ID (Flight Identification) reporting – The Mode S Transponder reports aircraft identification as either the
aircraft registration or a unique Flight ID.
EIS
• Altitude reporting
• Airborne status determination
• Transponder capability reporting
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
• Mode S Enhanced Surveillance (EHS) requirements
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
• Acquisition squitter – Acquisition squitter, or short squitter, is the transponder 24-bit identification address.
The transmission is sent periodically, regardless of the presence of interrogations. The purpose of acquisition
squitter is to enable Mode S ground stations and aircraft equipped with a Traffic Avoidance System (TAS) to
recognize the presence of Mode S-equipped aircraft for selective interrogation.
The Hazard Avoidance Section provides more details on traffic avoidance systems.
TRANSPONDER CONTROLS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Transponder function is displayed on three levels of softkeys on the PFD: Top-level, Mode Selection, and
Code Selection. When the top-level XPDR Softkey is pressed, the Mode Selection softkeys appear: XPDR1,
XPDR2 (Optional), STBY, ON, ALT, VFR, CODE, IDENT, BACK.
AFCS
When the CODE Softkey is pressed, the number softkeys appear: 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, IDENT, BKSP,
BACK. The digits 8 and 9 are not used for code entry. Pressing the numbered softkeys in sequence enters
the transponder code. If an error is made, pressing the BKSP Softkey moves the code selection cursor to the
previous digit. Pressing the BKSP Softkey again moves the cursor to the next previous digit.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Pressing the BACK Softkey during code selection reverts to the Mode Selection Softkeys. Pressing the BACK
Softkey during mode selection reverts to the top-level softkeys.
The code can also be entered with the FMS Knob on either PFD. Code entry must be completed with either
the softkeys or the FMS Knob, but not a combination of both.
APPENDICES
Pressing the IDENT Softkey while in Mode or Code Selection initiates the ident function and reverts to the
top-level softkeys.
After 45 seconds of transponder softkey inactivity, the system reverts back to the top-level softkeys.
INDEX
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117
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
AUDIO PANEL AND CNS
XPDR1
XPDR2
STBY
ON
ALT
GND
VFR
XPDR
IDENT
CODE
IDENT
BACK
ALERTS
Pressing the BACK Softkey
returns to the top-level softkeys.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
IDENT
BKSP
BACK
ALERTS
EIS
0
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Pressing the BACK Softkey returns to the mode selection softkeys.
Figure 4-30 Transponder Softkeys (PFD)
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Selecting and activating Transponder 1 or Transponder 2:
1) Press the XPDR Softkey to display the Transponder Mode Selection Softkeys.
2) Press the XPDR1 or XPDR2 Softkey to select and activate the other transponder.
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
If the aircraft contains optional dual transponders, when turning on the G1000 for use, the system activates
Transponder 1 as the default unit, regardless of which transponder was active prior to shutdown. When
switching between Transponder 1 and Transponder 2, the code and mode remain the same. If a new code is
entered in the active transponder, switching transponders does not bring back the previous code.
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AUDIO PANEL AND CNS
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
TRANSPONDER MODE SELECTION
Mode selection can be automatic (Ground and Altitude Modes) or manual (Standby, ON, and Altitude Modes).
The STBY, ON, and ALT Softkeys can be accessed by pressing the XPDR Softkey.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Selecting a transponder mode:
1) Press the XPDR Softkey to display the Transponder Mode Selection Softkeys.
2) Press the desired softkey to activate the transponder mode.
GROUND MODE
EIS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Ground Mode is normally selected automatically when the aircraft is on the ground. The transponder
powers up in the last mode it was in when shut down. Ground Mode can be overridden by pressing any one
of the Mode Selection Softkeys. A green GND indication and transponder code appear in the mode field of
the Transponder Data Box. In Ground Mode, the transponder does not allow Mode A and Mode C replies,
but it does permit acquisition squitter and replies to discretely addressed Mode S interrogations.
When Standby Mode has been selected on the ground, the transponder can be returned to Ground Mode
by pressing the GND Softkey.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
GND
Mode
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure 4-31 Ground Mode
STANDBY MODE (MANUAL)
NOTE: In Standby Mode, the IDENT function is inoperative.
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Standby Mode can be selected at any time by pressing the STBY Softkey. In Standby, the transponder does
not reply to interrogations, but new codes can be entered. When Standby is selected, a white STBY indication
and transponder code appear in the mode field of the Transponder Data Box. In all other modes, these fields
appear in green.
STBY Mode (White
Code Number and
Mode)
APPENDICES
Figure 4-32 Standby Mode
INDEX
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119
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
AUDIO PANEL AND CNS
MANUAL ON MODE
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
ON Mode can be selected at any time by pressing the ON Softkey. ON Mode generates Mode A and Mode S
replies, but Mode C altitude reporting is inhibited. In ON Mode, a green ON indication and transponder
code appear in the mode field of the Transponder Data Box.
ON Mode
(No Altitude
Reporting)
EIS
Figure 4-33 ON Mode
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
ALTITUDE MODE (AUTOMATIC OR MANUAL)
Altitude Mode is automatically selected when the aircraft becomes airborne. Altitude Mode may also be
selected manually by pressing the ALT Softkey.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
If Altitude Mode is selected, a green ALT indication and transponder code appear in the mode field of the
Transponder Data Box, and all transponder replies requesting altitude information are provided with pressure
altitude information.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
ALT Mode
(Mode C Altitude
Reporting)
Figure 4-34 Altitude Mode
REPLY STATUS
AFCS
When the transponder sends replies to interrogations, a white R indication appears momentarily in the
reply status field of the Transponder Data Box.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Reply to
Interrogation
INDEX
APPENDICES
Figure 4-35 Reply Indication
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AUDIO PANEL AND CNS
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
ENTERING A TRANSPONDER CODE
Entering a transponder code with softkeys:
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
1) Press the XPDR Softkey to display the Transponder Mode Selection Softkeys.
2) Press the CODE Softkey to display the Transponder Code Selection Softkeys, for digit entry.
3) Press the digit softkeys to enter the code in the code field. When entering the code, the next softkey in sequence
must be pressed within 10 seconds, or the entry is cancelled and restored to the previous code. Pressing the
BKSP Softkey moves the code selection cursor to the previous digit. Five seconds after the fourth digit has been
entered, the transponder code becomes active.
EIS
Entering
a Code
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Figure 4-36 Entering a Code
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Entering a transponder code with the PFD FMS Knob:
1) Press the XPDR and the CODE Softkeys as in the previous procedure to enable code entry.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob on the PFD to enter the first two code digits.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to move the cursor to the next code field.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
4) Enter the last two code digits with the small FMS Knob.
5) Press the ENT Key to complete code digit entry.
Pressing the CLR Key or small FMS Knob before code entry is complete cancels code entry and restores the
previous code. Waiting for 10 seconds after code entry is finished activates the code automatically.
AFCS
Turn the Large
FMS Knob
to Move the
Cursor to the
Next Code Field
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Turn the Small
FMS Knob to
Enter Two Code
Digits at a Time
Press the
ENT Key to
Complete
Code Entry
Figure 4-37 Entering a Code with the FMS Knob
APPENDICES
INDEX
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121
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
AUDIO PANEL AND CNS
VFR CODE
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The VFR code can be entered either manually or by pressing the XPDR Softkey, then the VFR Softkey.
When the VFR Softkey is pressed, the pre-programmed VFR code is automatically displayed in the code field
of the Transponder Data Box. Pressing the VFR Softkey again restores the previous identification code.
The pre-programmed VFR Code is set at the factory to 1200. If a VFR code change is required, contact a
Garmin-authorized service center for configuration.
EIS
VFR Code
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
IDENT FUNCTION
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Figure 4-38 VFR Code
Pressing the IDENT Softkey sends an ID indication to Air Traffic Control (ATC). The ID return distinguishes
one transponder from all the others on the air traffic controller’s radar screen. The IDENT Softkey appears on
all levels of transponder softkeys. When the IDENT Softkey is pressed, a green IDNT indication is displayed in
the mode field of the Transponder Data Box for a duration of 18 seconds.
NOTE: In Standby Mode, the IDENT Softkey is inoperative.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
After the IDENT Softkey is pressed while in Mode or Code Selection, the system reverts to the top-level
softkeys.
IDNT
Indication
AFCS
Press the
IDENT Softkey
to Initiate the
ID Function
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Figure 4-39 IDENT Softkey and Indication
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AUDIO PANEL AND CNS
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
FLIGHT ID REPORTING
NOTE: If the Flight ID is required but the system is not configured for it, contact a Garmin-authorized service
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
center for configuration.
When the Flight ID must be entered before flight operation, the identifier is placed in the Timer/References
Window on the PFD. The Flight ID is not to exceed seven characters. No space is needed when entering
Flight ID. When a Flight ID contains a space, the system automatically removes it upon completion of Flight
ID entry.
EIS
Entering a Flight ID:
1) Press the TMR/REF Softkey to display the Timer/References Window.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
2) Press the FMS Knob to activate the selection cursor, if not already activated.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to scroll down to the Flight ID.
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to enter the desired Flight ID.
5) Press the ENT Key to complete Flight ID entry.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
If an error is made during Flight ID entry, pressing the CLR Key returns to the original Flight ID entry. While
entering a Flight ID, turning the FMS Knob counterclockwise moves the cursor back one space for each detent
of rotation. If an incorrect Flight ID is discovered after the unit begins operation, reenter the correct Flight ID
using the same procedure.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
AFCS
Flight ID
PFD Entry
Figure 4-40 Timer/References Window, Entering Flight ID
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
AUDIO PANEL AND CNS
4.5 ADDITIONAL AUDIO PANEL FUNCTIONS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
POWER-UP
The Audio Panel performs a self-test during power-up. During the self-test all Audio Panel annunciator lights
illuminate for approximately two seconds. Once the self-test is completed, most of the settings are restored to
those in use before the unit was last turned off.
MONO/STEREO HEADSETS
EIS
Stereo headsets are recommended for use in this aircraft.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Using a monaural headset in a stereo jack shorts the right headset channel output to ground. While this does
not damage the Audio Panel, a person listening on a monaural headset hears only the left channel in both ears.
If a monaural headset is used at one of the passenger positions, any other passenger using a stereo headset hears
audio in the left ear only.
SPEAKER
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
All of the radios can be heard over the cabin speaker. Pressing the SPKR Key selects and deselects the cabin
speaker. Speaker audio is muted when the PTT is pressed. Certain aural alerts and warnings (autopilot, traffic,
altitude) are always heard on the speaker, even when the speaker is not selected.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
The speaker volume is adjustable within a nominal range. Contact a Garmin-authorized service center for
volume adjustment.
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
Figure 4-41 Passenger Address and Speaker Keys
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
INTERCOM
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The Audio Panel includes a six-position intercom system (ICS) and a stereo music input for the pilot, copilot
and up to four passengers. The intercom provides Pilot and Copilot isolation from the passengers and aircraft
radios.
OFF
OFF
ON
Pilot Hears
Passenger Hears
Selected radios, aural
alerts, pilot, copilot,
passengers, music
Selected radios, aural
alerts, pilot, copilot,
passengers, music
Selected radios, aural alerts,
pilot, copilot, passengers,
music
OFF
Selected radios, aural
alerts, pilot
Copilot, passengers,
music
Copilot, passengers,
music
OFF
ON
Selected radios, aural
alerts, pilot; passengers, Copilot
music
Selected radios, aural alerts,
pilot, passengers, music
ON
ON
Selected radios, aural
alerts, pilot, copilot
Passengers, music
Selected radios, aural
alerts, pilot, copilot
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Copilot Hears
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
COPLT KEY
Annunciator
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
PILOT KEY
Annunciator
EIS
Figure 4-42 Intercom Controls
AFCS
Table 4-1 ICS Isolation Modes
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Pilot isolation is selected when the PILOT Annunciator is illuminated. During Pilot isolation, the pilot can
hear the selected radios and aural alerts and warnings. The copilot and passengers can communicate with each
other. The copilot is isolated from aural alerts and warnings.
Copilot isolation is selected when the COPLT Annunciator is illuminated. The copilot is isolated from the
selected radios, aural alerts and warnings, and everyone else. The pilot and passengers can hear the selected
radios and communicate with each other.
APPENDICES
When both the PILOT and COPLT Annunciators are illuminated, the pilot and copilot can hear the selected
radios and communicate with each other. The passengers are isolated from the pilot and copilot but can
communicate with each other.
When both the PILOT and COPLT Annunciators are extinguished, everyone hears the selected radios and is
able to communicate with everyone else.
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
AUDIO PANEL AND CNS
INTERCOM VOLUME AND SQUELCH
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The PILOT/PASS Knob controls volume or manual squelch adjustment for the pilot and copilot/passenger.
The small knob controls the pilot volume and squelch. The large knob controls the copilot/passenger volume
and squelch. The VOL and SQ annunciations at the bottom of the unit indicate which function the knob is
controlling. Pressing the PILOT/PASS Knob switches between volume and squelch control as indicated by
the VOL or SQ annunciation being illuminated.
EIS
The MAN SQ Key allows either automatic or manual control of the squelch setting. When the MAN SQ
Annunciator is extinguished (Automatic Squelch is on), the PILOT/PASS Knob controls only the volume
(pressing the PILOT/PASS Knob has no effect on the VOL/SQ selection).
When the MAN SQ Annunciator is illuminated (Manual Squelch), the PILOT/PASS Knob controls both
volume and squelch.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Manual Squelch Annunciator;
Off for Automatic Squelch, On
for Manual Squelch
Automatic/Manual Squelch
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Pilot Volume or Manual
Squelch. Press to switch
between VOL and SQ. Turn
to adjust Squelch when SQ
Annunciation is lit, Volume
when VOL Annunciation is lit.
Copilot/Passenger
Volume or
Manual Squelch
Volume Annunciation
Squelch Annunciation
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
Figure 4-43 Volume/Squelch Control
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
PASSENGER ADDRESS (PA) SYSTEM
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
A passenger address system is available for delivering voice messages over the cabin speaker. When the PA
Key is selected on the Audio Panel, the COM MIC Annunciator is extinguished, and the active COM frequency
changes to white, indicating that there is no COM selected. A Push-to-Talk (PTT) must be pressed to deliver PA
announcements. The PA Annunciator flashes about once per second while the PTT is depressed.
When the PA key is selected, the cockpit speakers are muted and speaker audio is heard on the cabin speaker.
If an aural alert is generated, cabin speaker audio will be temporarily disconnected and the cockpit speakers are
active for the duration of the aural alert. The aural warnings will be heard by the crew, not the passengers.
EIS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
PA Key is Selected on
the Audio Panel
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Figure 4-44 PA Key Selected for Cabin Announcements
CLEARANCE RECORDER AND PLAYER
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
The Audio Panel contains a digital clearance recorder that records up to 2.5 minutes of the selected COM
radio signal. Recorded COM audio is stored in separate memory blocks. Once 2.5 minutes of recording time
have been reached, the recorder begins recording over the stored memory blocks, starting from the oldest
block.
AFCS
The PLAY Key controls the play function. Pressing the PLAY Key once plays the latest recorded memory
block. The PLAY Annunciator flashes to indicate when play is in progress. The PLAY Annunciator turns off
after the present memory block has finished playing.
Pressing the MKR/MUTE Key during play of a memory block stops play. If a COM input signal is detected
during play of a recorded memory block, play is halted.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Pressing the PLAY Key while audio is playing begins playing the previously recorded memory block. Each
subsequent press of the PLAY Key selects the previously recorded memory block.
Powering off the unit automatically clears all recorded blocks.
APPENDICES
MKR/MUTE
Key Stops Play
INDEX
PLAY Key
Controls the
Play Function
Figure 4-45 Marker Mute and Play Keys
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OVERVIEW
AUDIO PANEL AND CNS
ENTERTAINMENT INPUTS
NOTE: Music audio cannot be completely turned off. Audio level for the crew and passengers can be
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
adjusted by a Garmin-authorized service center.
NOTE: The stereo entertainment input is not controlled by the AUX Key on the Audio Panel. The AUX Key
is reserved for an auxiliary radio input.
EIS
The Audio Panel provides a stereo entertainment input from the data link receiver or an Aux Audio In jack
for the crew and passengers. The Aux Audio In jack input is compatible with popular portable entertainment
devices such as MP3 and CD players through a 3.5-mm stereo phone jack, installed in a convenient location.
The headphone outputs of the entertainment devices are plugged into the Aux Audio In jack.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
The current ICS state of isolation affects the distribution of the entertainment input (see Table 4-1).
CREW MUSIC
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Music can be heard by the pilot and copilot when both the PILOT and the COPLT ICS Annunciators are
extinguished. Music can also be heard by the pilot when the COPLT Annunciator is illuminated and by the
copilot when the PILOT Annunciator is illuminated.
MUSIC MUTING
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Music muting occurs when aircraft radio or marker beacon activity is heard. Music is always soft muted
when an interruption occurs from these sources. Soft muting is the gradual return of music to its original
volume level. The time required for music volume to return to normal is between one-half and four
seconds.
MUSIC MUTING ENABLE/DISABLE
AFCS
Pressing and holding the MKR/MUTE Key for three seconds switches music muting on and off. When
switching, either one or two beeps are heard; one beep indicates that music muting is enabled, two beeps
indicate music muting is disabled. Music muting is reset (enabled) during power up.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
PASSENGER MUSIC
Music can be heard only by the passengers and is never muted.
XM RADIO ENTERTAINMENT (OPTIONAL)
APPENDICES
XM Radio audio from the Data Link Receiver may be heard by the pilot and passengers simultaneously
(optional: requires subscription to XM Radio Service). Refer to the Additional Features Section for more
details on the Data Link Receiver.
INDEX
Connecting a stereo input to the Aux Audio In jack removes the XM Radio Audio from that input.
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AUDIO PANEL AND CNS
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
4.6 AUDIO PANEL PREFLIGHT PROCEDURE
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
NOTE: If the pilot and/or copilot are using headsets that have a high/low switch or volume control knob,
verify that the switch is in the high position and the volume control on the headsets are at maximum volume
setting. On single-pilot flights, verify that all other headsets are not connected to avoid excess noise in the
audio system.
NOTE: When the MAN SQ Key is pressed, the ICS squelch can be set manually by the pilot and copilot. If
EIS
manual squelch is set to full open (SQ annunciated and the knobs turned counterclockwise) background
noise is heard in the ICS system as well as during COM transmissions.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
After powering up the G1000 System, the following steps aid in maximizing the use of the Audio Panel as well
as prevent pilot and copilot induced issues. These preflight procedures should be performed each time a pilot
boards the aircraft to insure awareness of all audio levels in the Audio Panel and radios.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Automatic/Manual
Squelch
Pilot and
Copilot ICS
Isolation Keys
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Pilot Volume
or Manual
Squelch
Copilot/Passenger
Volume or
Manual Squelch
AFCS
Squelch
Annunciation
Volume
Annunciation
Figure 4-46 Audio Panel Controls
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Setting the Audio Panel during preflight:
1) Verify that the PILOT and COPLT Annunciators are extinguished.
2) Verify that the MAN SQ Annunciator is extinguished.
APPENDICES
3) Turn the PILOT/PASS Knobs clockwise two full turns. This sets the headset intercom audio level to max volume
(least amount of attenuation).
4) Adjust radio volume levels (COM, NAV, etc.) to a suitable level.
5) Adjust the PILOT/PASS Knob volume to the desired intercom level.
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INDEX
Once this procedure has been completed, the pilot and copilot can change settings, keeping in mind the notes
above.
129
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
AUDIO PANEL AND CNS
4.7 ABNORMAL OPERATION
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Abnormal operation of the G1000 includes equipment failures of the G1000 components and failure of
associated equipment, including switches and external devices.
STUCK MICROPHONE
If the push-to-talk (PTT) Key becomes stuck, the COM transmitter stops transmitting after 35 seconds of
continuous operation. An alert appears on the PFD to advise the pilot of a stuck microphone.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EIS
The COM1 MIC or COM2 MIC Key Annunciator on the Audio Panel flashes as long as the PTT Key remains
stuck.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Figure 4-47 Stuck Microphone Alert
COM TUNING FAILURE
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
In case of a COM system tuning failure, the emergency frequency (121.500 MHz) is automatically tuned in
the radio in which the tuning failure occurred. Depending on the failure mode, a red X may appear on the
frequency display.
Emergency Channel
Loaded Automatically
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
Figure 4-48 COM Tuning Failure
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AUDIO PANEL AND CNS
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
PFD FAILURE, DUAL SYSTEM
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
If PFD1 fails, COM1 and NAV1 display a red X on both remaining displays. NAV1 is unavailable. COM1
automatically tunes 121.500 MHz, but the frequency is not shown. The COM1 emergency frequency is available
to both the copilot and pilot.
Emergency Channel
Loaded Automatically
EIS
Figure 4-54 Frequency Section of PFD2 Display after PFD1 Failure
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
If PFD2 fails, COM2 and NAV2 display a red X on the remaining PFD display. NAV2 is unavailable. COM2
tunes 121.500 MHz, but the frequency is not shown. The COM2 emergency frequency is available to both the
copilot and pilot.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Figure 4-55 PFD1 Display after PFD2 Failure
APPENDICES
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
AUDIO PANEL AND CNS
AUDIO PANEL FAIL-SAFE OPERATION
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
If there is a failure of the Audio Panel, a fail-safe circuit connects the pilot’s headset and microphone directly
to the COM1 transceiver. Audio is not available on the speaker during Fail-safe operation.
REVERSIONARY MODE
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EIS
The red DISPLAY BACKUP Button selects the Reversionary Mode. See the System Overview Section for
more information on Reversionary Mode.
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Figure 4-49 Display Backup Button
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FLIGHT MANAGEMENT
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
SECTION 5 FLIGHT MANAGEMENT
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
5.1 INTRODUCTION
The G1000 is an integrated flight, engine, communication, navigation and surveillance system. This section of
the Pilot’s Guide explains flight management using the G1000.
EIS
The most prominent part of the G1000 are the three full color displays: two Primary Flight Displays (PFDs) and
one Multi Function Display (MFD). The information to successfully navigate the aircraft using the GPS sensors
is displayed on the PFDs and the MFD. See examples in the Figure 5-1 and Figure 5-2. Detailed descriptions of
flight management functions are discussed later in this section.
A brief description of the GPS navigation data on the PFD and MFD follows.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Navigation mode indicates which sensor is providing the course data (e.g., GPS, VOR) and the flight plan phase
(e.g., Departure (DPRT), Terminal (TERM), Enroute (ENR), Oceanic (OCN), Approach (LNAV, LNAV+V, L/VNAV,
or LPV), or Missed Approach (MAPR)). L/VNAV and LPV approaches are only available with WAAS.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
The Inset Map is a small version of the MFD Navigation Map and can be displayed in the lower left corner of
the PFD. When the system is in reversionary mode, the Inset Map is displayed in the lower right corner. The
Inset Map is displayed by pressing the INSET Softkey. Pressing the INSET Softkey again, then pressing the OFF
Softkey removes the Inset Map.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
The Navigation Map displays aviation data (e.g., airports, VORs, airways, airspaces), geographic data (e.g.,
cities, lake, highways, borders), topographic data (map shading indicating elevation), and hazard data (e.g.,
traffic, terrain, weather). The amount of displayed data can be reduced by pressing the DCLTR Softkey. The
Navigation Map can be oriented four different ways: North Up (NORTH UP), Track Up (TRK UP), Desired Track
Up (DTK UP), or Heading Up (HDG UP).
AFCS
An aircraft icon is placed on the Navigation Map at the location corresponding to the calculated present position.
The aircraft position and the flight plan legs are accurately based on GPS calculations. The basemap upon which
these are placed are from a source with less resolution, therefore the relative position of the aircraft to map features
is not exact. The leg of the active flight plan currently being flown is shown as a magenta line on the navigation
map. The other legs are shown in white.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
There are 28 different map ranges available, from 500 feet to 2000 nm. The current range is indicated in the
lower right corner of the map and represents the top-to-bottom distance covered by the map. To change the map
range on any map, turn the Joystick counter-clockwise to zoom in ( -, decreasing), or clockwise to zoom out (+,
increasing).
APPENDICES
The Direct-to Window, the Flight Plan Window, the Procedures Window, and the Nearest Airports Window
can be displayed in the lower right corner of the PFD. Details of these windows are discussed in detail later in
the section.
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
FLIGHT MANAGEMENT
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Navigation Status Box
Navigation Mode
Inset Map
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EIS
Location of:
- Direct To Window
- Flight Plan Window
- Procedures Window
- Nearest Airports Window
Figure 5-1 GPS Navigation Information on the PFD
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Navigation Status Box
Map Orientation
Navigation Page Title
Navigation Map
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
- Aviation Data
- Geographic Data
- Topographic Data
- Hazard Data
Aircraft Icon
at Present Position
Active Flight Plan Leg
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
Flight Plan Leg
Map Range
INDEX
APPENDICES
Figure 5-2 GPS Navigation Information on the MFD Navigation Page
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FLIGHT MANAGEMENT
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
NAVIGATION STATUS BOX
The Navigation Status Box located at the top of the PFD contains two fields displaying the following
information:
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
PFD Navigation Status Box
The Navigation Status Box located at the top of the
MFD contains four data fields, each displaying one of
the following items:
• Distance (DIS) and Bearing (BRG) to the next
waypoint or flight plan annunciations (e.g., ‘TOD
within 1 minute’)
• Bearing (BRG)
Symbol
Description
Active Leg
• Distance (DIS)
• Desired Track (DTK)
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
The symbols used in the PFD status bar are:
EIS
• Active flight plan leg (e.g., ‘D-> KICT’ or ‘KIXD > KCOS’) or flight plan annunciations (e.g., ‘Turn
right to 021˚ in 8 seconds’)
• Enroute Safe Altitude (ESA)
• Estimated Time Enroute (ETE)
Direct-to
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
• Ground Speed (GS)
• True Air Speed (TAS)
Right Procedure Turn
• Track (TRK)
Left Procedure Turn
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Right Holding Pattern
Left Holding Pattern
Vector to Final
AFCS
Right DME Arc
Left DME Arc
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
MFD Navigation Status Box
APPENDICES
The navigation information displayed in the four data fields can be selected on the MFD Data Bar Fields Box
on the AUX - System Setup Page. The default selections (in order left to right) are GS, DTK, TRK, and ETE.
Changing a field in the MFD Navigation Status Box:
1) Select the System Setup Page.
INDEX
2) Press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the desired field number in the MFD Data Bar Fields Box.
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
FLIGHT MANAGEMENT
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to display and scroll through the data options list.
5) Select the desired data.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
6) Press the ENT Key. Pressing the DFLTS Softkey returns any field to its default setting.
5.2 USING MAP DISPLAYS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EIS
Map displays are used extensively in the G1000 to provide situational awareness in flight. Most G1000 maps
can display the following information:
• Airports, NAVAIDs, airspaces, airways, land data • Icons for enabled map features
(highways, cities, lakes, rivers, borders, etc.) with • Aircraft icon (representing present position)
names
• Nav range ring
• Map Pointer information (distance and bearing to
pointer, location of pointer, name, and other pertinent • Flight plan legs
information)
• User waypoints
• Map range
• Track vector
• Wind direction and speed
• Topography scale
• Map orientation
• Topography data
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
The information in this section applies to the following maps unless otherwise noted:
• All Map Group Pages (MAP)
• Flight Plan Pages (FPL)
• All Waypoint Group Pages (WPT)
• Direct-to Window
• AUX - Trip Planning
• PFD Inset Map
• All Nearest Group Pages (NRST)
• Procedure Loading Pages
AFCS
MAP ORIENTATION
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Maps are shown in one of four different orientation options, allowing flexibility in determining aircraft
position relative to other items on the map (north up) or for determining where map items are relative to where
the aircraft is going (track up, desired track up, or heading up). The map orientation is shown in the upper
right corner of the map.
Figure 5-3 Map Orientation
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FLIGHT MANAGEMENT
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
• North up (NORTH UP) aligns the top of the map display to north (default setting).
• Track up (TRK UP) aligns the top of the map display to the current ground track.
• Desired track up (DTK UP) aligns the top of the map display to the desired course.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
• Heading up (HDG UP) aligns the top of the map display to the current aircraft heading.
NOTE: When panning or reviewing active flight plan legs in a non-North Up orientation, the map does not
show the map orientation nor the wind direction and speed.
EIS
NOTE: Map orientation can only be changed on the Navigation Map Page. Any other displays that show
navigation data reflect the orientation selected for the Navigation Map Page:
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Changing the Navigation Map orientation:
1) With the Navigation Map Page displayed, press the MENU Key. The cursor flashes on the ‘Map Setup’ option.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Map Setup
Selection
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure 5-4 Navigation Map Page Menu Window
2) Press the ENT Key to display the Map Setup Window.
AFCS
3) Turn the large FMS Knob, or press the ENT Key once, to select the ‘ORIENTATION’ field.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
FLIGHT MANAGEMENT
Map Group Selection
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EIS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Orientation Field
Figure 5-5 Map Setup Menu Window - Map Group
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the desired orientation.
5) Press the ENT Key to select the new orientation.
6) Press the FMS Knob to return to the base page.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
MAP RANGE
AFCS
There are 28 different map ranges available, from 500 feet to 2000 nm. The current range is indicated in
the lower right corner of the map and represents the top-to-bottom distance covered by the map. When the
map range is decreased to a point that exceeds the capability of the G1000 to accurately represent the map,
a magnifying glass icon is shown to the left of the map range. To change the map range turn the Joystick
counter-clockwise to decrease the range, or clockwise to increase the range.
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Range Overzoom
INDEX
Figure 5-6 Map Range
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FLIGHT MANAGEMENT
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
AUTO ZOOM
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Auto zoom allows the G1000 to change the map display range to the smallest range clearly showing the
active waypoint. Auto zoom can be overridden by adjusting the range with the Joystick, and remains until
the active waypoint changes, a terrain or traffic alert occurs, the aircraft takes off, or the manual override times
out (timer set on Map Setup Window).
EIS
If a terrain caution or warning occurs, any map page displaying TAWS/TERRAIN data automatically adjusts
to the smallest map range clearly showing the highest priority alert. If a new traffic advisory alert occurs, any
map page capable of displaying traffic advisory alerts automatically adjusts to the smallest map range clearly
showing the traffic advisory. When terrain or traffic alerts clear, the map returns to the previous auto zoom
range based on the active waypoint.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
The auto zoom function can be turned on or off independently for the PFD and MFD. Control of the ranges
at which the auto zoom occurs is done by setting the minimum and maximum ‘look forward’ times (set on
the Map Setup Window for the Map Group). These settings determine the minimum and maximum distance
to display based upon the aircraft’s ground speed.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
• Waypoints that are long distances apart cause the map range to increase to a point where many details on
the map are decluttered. If this is not acceptable, lower the maximum look ahead time to a value that limits
the auto zoom to an acceptable range.
• Waypoints that are very short distances apart cause the map range to decrease to a point where situational
awareness may not be what is desired. Increase the minimum look ahead time to a value that limits the auto
zoom to a minimum range that provides acceptable situational awareness.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
• Flight plans that have a combination of long and short legs cause the range to increase and decrease as
waypoints sequence. To avoid this, auto zoom can be disabled or the maximum/minimum times can be
adjusted.
• The ‘time out’ time (configurable on the Map Setup Page for the Map Group) determines how long auto
zoom is overridden by a manual adjustment of the range knob. At this expiration of this time, the auto
zoom range is restored. Setting the ‘time out’ value to zero causes the manual override to never time out.
AFCS
• When the maximum ‘look forward’ time is set to zero, the upper limit becomes the maximum range available
(2000 nm).
• When the minimum ‘look forward’ time is set to zero, the lower limit becomes 1.5 nm.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
FLIGHT MANAGEMENT
Auto Zoom:
Off, MFD Only, PFD Only, All On
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EIS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Manual Range Override
Expiration Time
Maximum Look Forward Time
Minimum Look Forward Time
Figure 5-7 Map Setup Menu Window - Map Group, Auto Zoom
Configuring automatic zoom:
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
1) Press the MENU Key with the Navigation Map Page displayed. The cursor flashes on the ‘Map Setup’ option.
2) Press the ENT Key. The Map Setup Menu is displayed.
3) Select the ‘Map’ group.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
4) Press the ENT Key.
5) Highlight the ‘AUTO ZOOM’ field.
6) Select ‘Off’, ‘MFD Only’, ‘PFD Only’, or ‘ALL On’.
7) Press the ENT Key to accept the selected option. The flashing cursor highlights the ‘MAX LOOK FWD’ field.
Times are from zero to 999 minutes.
AFCS
8) Use the FMS Knobs to set the time. Press the ENT Key.
9) Repeat step 8 for ‘MIN LOOK FWD’ (zero-99 minutes) and ‘MAX LOOK FWD’ (zero to 999 minutes).
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
10) Press the FMS Knob to return to the Navigation Map Page.
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FLIGHT MANAGEMENT
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
MAP PANNING
Map panning allows the pilot to:
• View parts of the map outside the displayed range without adjusting the map range
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
• Highlight and select locations on the map
• Review information for a selected airport, NAVAID or user waypoint
• Designate locations for use in flight planning
• View airspace and airway information
EIS
When the panning function is selected by pressing the Joystick, the Map Pointer flashes on the map display.
A window also appears at the top of the map display showing the latitude/longitude position of the pointer,
the bearing and distance to the pointer from the aircraft’s present position, and the elevation of the land at the
position of the pointer.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Map Pointer
Information
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Map Pointer
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Figure 5-8 Navigation Map - Map Pointer Activated
NOTE: The map is normally centered on the aircraft’s position. If the map has been panned and there has
APPENDICES
been no pointer movement for about 60 seconds, the map reverts back to centered on the aircraft position
and the flashing pointer is removed.
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
FLIGHT MANAGEMENT
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
When the Map Pointer is placed on an object, the name of the object is highlighted (even if the name was
not originally displayed on the map). When any map feature or object is selected on the map display, pertinent
information is displayed.
EIS
Information about
Point of Interest
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Map Pointer
on POI
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure 5-9 Navigation Map - Map Pointer on Point of Interest
When the Map Pointer crosses an airspace boundary, the boundary is highlighted and airspace information
is shown at the top of the display. The information includes the name and class of airspace, the ceiling in feet
above Mean Sea Level (MSL), and the floor in feet MSL.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
Information
about Airspace
INDEX
APPENDICES
Map Pointer
on Airspace
Figure 5-10 Navigation Map - Map Pointer on Airspace
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FLIGHT MANAGEMENT
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Panning the map:
1) Press the Joystick to display the Map Pointer.
2) Move the Joystick to move the Map Pointer around the map.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
3) Press the Joystick to remove the Map Pointer and recenter the map on the aircraft’s current position.
Reviewing information for an airport, NAVAID, or user waypoint:
1) Place the Map Pointer on a waypoint.
2) Press the ENT Key to display the Waypoint Information Page for the selected waypoint.
EIS
3) Press the GO BACK Softkey, the CLR Key, or the ENT Key to exit the Waypoint Information Page and return to
the Navigation Map showing the selected waypoint.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
NAVAID
Information
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
AFCS
GO BACK Softkey
Figure 5-11 Navigation Map - Information Window - NAVAID
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
FLIGHT MANAGEMENT
Viewing airspace information for a special-use or controlled airspace:
1) Place the Map Pointer on an open area within the boundaries of an airspace.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
2) Press the ENT Key to display an options menu.
3) ‘Review Airspace?’ should already be highlighted, if not select it. Press the ENT Key to display the Airspace
Information Page for the selected airspace.
EIS
4) Press the CLR or ENT Key to exit the Airspace Information Page.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Airspace
Information
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
Figure 5-12 Navigation Map - Information Window - Airspace
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FLIGHT MANAGEMENT
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
MEASURING BEARING AND DISTANCE
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Distance and bearing from the aircraft’s present position to any point on the viewable navigation map may be
calculated using the ‘Measure Bearing and Distance’ selection from Navigation Map page menu. The bearing
and distance tool displays a dashed Measurement Line and a Measure Pointer to aid in graphically identifying
points with which to measure. Lat/Long, distance and elevation data for the Measure Pointer is provided in a
window at the top of the navigation map.
Measuring bearing and distance between any two points:
1) Press the MENU Key (with the Navigation Map Page displayed).
EIS
2) Highlight the ‘Measure Bearing/Distance’ field.
3) Press the ENT Key. A Measure Pointer is displayed on the map at the aircraft’s present position.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
4) Move the Joystick to place the reference pointer at the desired location. The bearing and distance are displayed
at the top of the map. Elevation at the current pointer position is also displayed. Pressing the ENT Key changes
the starting point for measuring.
Measurement
Information
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
5) To exit the Measure Bearing/Distance option, press the Joystick; or select ‘Stop Measuring’ from the Page
Menu and press the ENT Key.
Pointer Lat/Long
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Measurement Line
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
Figure 5-13 Navigation Map - Measuring Bearing and Distance
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
FLIGHT MANAGEMENT
TOPOGRAPHY
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
All navigation maps can display various shades of topography colors representing land elevation, similar
to aviation sectional charts. Topographic data can be displayed or removed as described in the following
procedures.
Navigation Map
Topographic Data
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EIS
Navigation Map
Black Background
TOPO Softkey
Not Enabled
TOPO Softkey
Enabled
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
TOPO Off
TOPO On
Figure 5-14 Navigation Map - Topographic Data
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Displaying/removing topographic data on all pages displaying navigation maps:
1) Press the MAP Softkey (the INSET Softkey for the PFD Inset Map).
2) Press the TOPO Softkey.
AFCS
3) Press the TOPO Softkey again to remove topographic data from the Navigation Map. When topographic data
is removed from the page, all navigation data is presented on a black background.
Displaying/removing topographic data (TOPO DATA) using the Navigation Map Page Menu:
1) Press the MENU Key with the Navigation Map Page displayed. The cursor flashes on the ‘Map Setup’ option.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
2) Press the ENT Key. The Map Setup Menu is displayed.
3) Select the ‘Map’ group.
4) Press the ENT Key.
APPENDICES
5) Highlight the ‘TOPO DATA’ field.
6) Select ‘On’ or ‘Off’.
INDEX
7) Press the FMS Knob to return to the Navigation Map Page.
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FLIGHT MANAGEMENT
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
TOPO DATA
Range
EIS
TOPO DATA
On/Off
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Figure 5-15 Navigation Map Setup Menu - TOPO DATA Setup
The topographic data range is the maximum map range on which topographic data is displayed.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
NOTE: Since the PFD Inset Map is much smaller than the MFD navigation maps, items are removed on the
PFD Inset Map two range levels smaller than the range selected in the Map Setup pages (e.g., a setting
of 100 nm removes the item at ranges above 100 nm on MFD navigation maps, while the PFD Inset Map
removes the same item at 50 nm).
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Selecting a topographical data range (TOPO DATA):
1) Press the MENU Key with the Navigation Map Page displayed. The cursor flashes on the ‘Map Setup’ option.
2) Press the ENT Key. The Map Setup Menu is displayed.
3) Select the ‘Map’ group.
AFCS
4) Press the ENT Key.
5) Highlight the ‘TOPO DATA’ range field. TOPO ranges are from 500 ft to 2000 nm.
6) To change the TOPO range setting, turn the small FMS Knob to display the range list.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
7) Select the desired range using the small FMS Knob.
8) Press the ENT Key.
9) Press the FMS Knob to return to the Navigation Map Page.
APPENDICES
In addition, the Navigation Map can display a topographic scale (located in the lower right hand side of the
map) showing a scale of the terrain elevation and current elevation values as shown following.
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Maximum Displayed Elevation
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
FLIGHT MANAGEMENT
Aircraft Altitude (MSL)
Minimum Displayed Elevation
Range of
Displayed
Elevations
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EIS
Ground Elevation at Pointer
Location (only visible when
Pointer is displayed)
Figure 5-16 Navigation Map - TOPO SCALE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Displaying/removing the topographic scale (TOPO SCALE):
1) Press the MENU Key with the Navigation Map Page displayed. The cursor flashes on the ‘Map Setup’ option.
2) Press the ENT Key. The Map Setup Menu is displayed.
3) Select the ‘Map’ group and press the ENT Key.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
4) Highlight the ‘TOPO SCALE’ field.
5) Select ‘On’ or ‘Off’.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
6) Press the FMS Knob to return to the Navigation Map Page.
APPENDICES
TOPO SCALE
On/Off
INDEX
Figure 5-17 Navigation Map Setup Menu - TOPO SCALE Setup
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FLIGHT MANAGEMENT
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
MAP SYMBOLS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
This section discusses the types of land and aviation symbols that can be displayed. Each listed type of symbol
can be turned on or off, and the maximum range to display each symbol can be set. The decluttering of the
symbols from the map using the DCLTR Softkey is also discussed.
LAND SYMBOLS
The following items are configured on the land menu:
Land Symbols
Symbol
Default
Maximum
Range (nm) Range (nm)
EIS
(Text label size can be None, Small, Medium (Med), or Large
(Lrg)
Latitude/Longitude (LAT/LON)
Off
2000
Interstate Highway (FREEWAY)
300
800
International Highway (FREEWAY)
300
800
US Highway (NATIONAL HWY)
30
80
State Highway (LOCAL HWY)
15
30
8
15
Railroads (RAILROAD)
15
30
LARGE CITY (> 200,000)
800
1500
MEDIUM CITY (> 50,000)
100
200
SMALL CITY (> 5,000)
States and Provinces (STATE/PROV)
20
800
50
1500
Rivers and Lakes (RIVER/LAKE)
200
500
USER WAYPOINT
150
300
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
N/A
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Local Road (LOCAL ROAD)
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Highways and Roads
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
Table 5-1 Land Symbol Information
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
FLIGHT MANAGEMENT
AVIATION SYMBOLS
The following items are configured on the aviation menu:
Aviation Symbols
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
(Text label size can be None, Small, Medium (Med),
or Large (Lrg)
EIS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Default
Maximum
Range (nm) Range (nm)
Active Flight Plan Leg (ACTIVE FPL)
2000
2000
Non-active Flight Plan Leg (ACTIVE FPL)
2000
2000
2000
250
150
50
3
Off
15
2000
500
300
100
20
100
30
Non-directional Beacon (NDB WAYPOINT)
15
30
VOR (VOR WAYPOINT)
150
300
Class B Airspace/TMA (CLASS B/TMA)
200
500
Class C Airspace/TCA (CLASS C/TCA)
200
500
Class D Airspace (CLASS D)
150
300
Restricted Area (RESTRICTED)
200
500
Military Operations Area [MOA(MILITARY)]
200
500
Other/Air Defense Interdiction Zone (OTHER/ADIZ)
200
500
Temporary Flight Restriction (TFR)
500
2000
Active Flight Plan Waypoint (ACTIVE FPL WPT)
Large Airports (LARGE APT)
Medium Airports (MEDIUM APT)
Small Airports (SMALL APT)
Taxiways (SAFETAXI)
Runway Extension (RWY EXTENSION)
Intersection (INT WAYPOINT)
APPENDICES
Symbol
See Airports, NAVAIDs
See Additional Features
N/A
INDEX
Table 5-2 Aviation Symbol Information
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FLIGHT MANAGEMENT
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
SYMBOL SETUP
All pages with maps can display land symbols (roads, lakes, borders, etc). Land symbols can be removed
totally (turned off).
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Displaying/removing all land symbols:
1) Press the MENU Key with the Navigation Map Page displayed. The Page Menu is displayed and the cursor
flashes on the ‘Map Setup’ option.
2) Press the ENT Key. The Map Setup Group Menu is displayed and the cursor flashes on the ‘Map’ option.
EIS
3) Highlight the ‘LAND DATA’ field.
4) Select ‘On’ or ‘Off.’.
5) Press the FMS Knob to return to the Navigation Map Page.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
LAND DATA
On/Off
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure 5-18 Navigation Map Setup Menu - TOPO SCALE Setup
AFCS
The label size (TEXT) sets the size at which labels appear on the display (none, small, medium, and large).
The range (RNG) sets the maximum range at which items appear on the display.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Selecting a ‘Land’ or ‘Aviation’ group item text size and range:
1) Press the MENU Key with the Navigation Map Page displayed. The cursor flashes on the ‘Map Setup’ option.
2) Press the ENT Key. The Map Setup Menu is displayed.
APPENDICES
3) Select the ‘Land’ or ‘Aviation’ group.
4) Press the ENT Key. The cursor flashes on the first field.
5) Select the desired land option.
6) Select the desired text size.
7) Press the ENT Key to accept the selected size.
INDEX
6) Select the desired range.
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
FLIGHT MANAGEMENT
7) Press the ENT Key to accept the selected range.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
8) Press the FMS Knob to return to the Navigation Map Page.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EIS
Text Label Size
(Off, Small Med, or Lrg)
Maximum Display Range
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Figure 5-19 Navigation Map Setup Menu - LAND GROUP Setup
Maximum Display Range
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
Text Label Size
(Off, Small Med, or Lrg)
APPENDICES
Figure 5-20 Navigation Map Setup Menu - AVIATION GROUP Setup
NOTE: Since the PFD Inset Map is much smaller than the MFD navigation maps, items are removed on the
INDEX
PFD Inset Map two range levels smaller than the range selected in the Map Setup pages (e.g., a setting
of 100 nm removes the item at ranges above 100 nm on MFD navigation maps, while the PFD Inset Map
removes the same item at 50 nm).
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FLIGHT MANAGEMENT
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
MAP DECLUTTER
The declutter feature allows the pilot to progressively step through four levels of removing map information.
The declutter level is displayed in the DCLTR Softkey and next to the Declutter Menu Option.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Declutter Level
EIS
DCLTR Softkey
Navigation Map Page Menu
Figure 5-21 Navigation Map - Declutter Level Indications
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Decluttering the map:
Press the DCLTR Softkey with the Navigation Map Page displayed. The current declutter level is shown. With
each softkey selection, another level of map information is removed.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Or:
1) Press the MENU Key with the Navigation Map Page displayed.
2) Select ‘Declutter’. The current declutter level is shown.
3) Press the ENT Key.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Decluttering the PFD Inset Map:
1) Press the INSET Softkey.
2) Press the DCLTR Softkey. The current declutter level is shown. With each selection, another level of map
information is removed.
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
FLIGHT MANAGEMENT
Table 5-3 lists the items displayed at each declutter level. The ‘X’ represents map items displayed for the
various levels of declutter.
Item
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EIS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Flight Plan Route Lines
Flight Plan Route Waypoints
Rivers/Lakes
Topography Data
International Borders
Track Vector
Navigation Range Ring
Fuel Range Ring
Terrain Data
Traffic
Airways
NEXRAD
XM Lightning Data
Airports
Runway Labels
Restricted
MOA (Military)
User Waypoints
Latitude/Longitude Grid
NAVAIDs
Class B Airspaces/TMA
Class C Airspaces/TCA
Class D Airspaces
Other Airspaces/ADIZ
TFRs
Obstacles
Land/Country Text
Cities
Roads
Railroads
State/Province Boundaries
River/Lake Names
No Declutter Declutter-1 Declutter-2 Declutter-3
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
INDEX
Table 5-3 Navigation Map Items Displayed by Declutter Level
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FLIGHT MANAGEMENT
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
AIRWAYS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
This airways discussion is based upon the North American airway structure. The airway structure in places
other than North America vary by location, etc. and are not discussed in this book. Low Altitude Airways (or
Victor Airways) primarily serve smaller piston-engine, propeller-driven airplanes on shorter routes and at lower
altitudes. Airways are eight nautical miles wide and start 1,200 feet above ground level (AGL) and extend up
to 18,000 feet mean sea level (MSL). Low Altitude Airways are designated with a “V” before the airway number
(hence the name “Victor Airways”) since they run primarily between VORs.
EIS
High Altitude Airways (or Jet Routes) primarily serve airliners, jets, turboprops, and turbocharged piston
aircraft operating above 18,000 feet MSL. Jet Routes start at 18,000 feet MSL and extend upward to 45,000 feet
MSL (altitudes above 18,000 feet are called “flight levels” and are described as FL450 for 45,000 feet MSL). Jet
Routes are designated with a “J” before the route number.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Low Altitude Airways are drawn in gray (the same shade used for roads). High Altitude Airways are drawn
in green. When both types of airways are displayed, High Altitude Airways are drawn on top of Low Altitude
Airways.
When airways are selected for display on the map, the airway waypoints (VORs, NDBs and Intersections) are
also displayed.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Low Altitude
Airway
(Victor Airway)
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
High Altitude
Airway
(Jet Route)
APPENDICES
Figure 5-22 Airways on MFD Navigation Page
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
FLIGHT MANAGEMENT
Airways may be displayed on the map at the pilot’s discretion using either a combination of AIRWAY Softkey
presses, or menu selections using the MENU Key from the Navigation Map Page. The Airway range can also be
programmed to only display Airways on the MFD when the map range is at or below a specific number.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Displaying/removing airways:
1) Press the MAP Softkey.
2) Press the AIRWAYS Softkey. Both High and Low Altitude Airways are displayed.
3) Press the AIRWY ON Softkey to display the Low Altitude Airways only.
EIS
4) Press the AIRWY LO Softkey to display the High Altitude Airways only.
5) Press the AIRWY HI Softkey to remove the High Altitude Airways. No airways are displayed.
Or:
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
1) Press the MENU Key with the Navigation Map Page displayed. The cursor flashes on the ‘Map Setup’ option.
2) Press the ENT Key. The Map Setup Menu is displayed.
3) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the ‘Airways’ group, and press the ENT Key.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
4) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the ‘AIRWAYS’ field.
5) Turn the FMS Knob to select ‘Off’, ‘All’, ‘LO Only’, or ‘HI Only’, and press the ENT Key.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
6) Press the FMS Knob to return to the Navigation Map Page.
Airway Display Selection
Off, All, LO ALT Only, HI ALT Only
Low Altitude Airway Range
High Altitude Airway Range
AFCS
Figure 5-23 Navigation Map Setup Menu - AIRWAYS Setup
The airway range is the maximum map range on which airways are displayed.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Selecting an airway range (LOW ALT AIRWAY or HI ALT AIRWAY):
1) Press the MENU Key with the Navigation Map Page displayed. The cursor flashes on the ‘Map Setup’ option.
2) Press the ENT Key. The Map Setup Menu is displayed.
3) Select the ‘Airway’ group.
APPENDICES
4) Press the ENT Key.
5) Highlight the ‘LOW ALT AIRWAY’ or ‘HI ALT AIRWAY’ range field.
6) To change the range setting, turn the small FMS Knob to display the range list.
7) Select the desired range using the small FMS Knob.
INDEX
8) Press the ENT Key.
9) Press the FMS Knob to return to the Navigation Map Page.
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FLIGHT MANAGEMENT
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
The following range items are configurable on the airways menu:
Airway Type
Symbol
Low Altitude Airway (LOW ALT AIRWAY)
300
High Altitude Airway (HI ALT AIRWAY)
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Default
Maximum
Range (nm) Range (nm)
200
500
500
Table 5-4 Airway Range Information
EIS
TRACK VECTOR
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
The Navigation Map can display a track vector that is useful in minimizing track angle error. The track vector
is a dashed light blue line segment with an arrowhead attached to the end, extended to a predicted location
along the current aircraft track. The track vector look-ahead time is selectable (30 sec, 60 sec (default), 2 min,
5 min, 10 min, 20 min) and determines the length of the track vector. The arrowhead is continuously pointing
to the predicted aircraft location.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Track Vector
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure 5-24 Navigation Map -Track Vector
Displaying/removing the track vector:
1) Press the MENU Key with the Navigation Map Page displayed. The cursor flashes on the ‘Map Setup’ option.
2) Press the ENT Key. The Map Setup Menu is displayed.
AFCS
3) Select the ‘Map’ group.
4) Press the ENT Key.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
5) Highlight the ‘TRACK VECTOR’ field.
6) Select ‘On’ or ‘Off’. Press the ENT Key to accept the selected option. The flashing cursor highlights the look
ahead time field. Use the FMS Knob to select the desired time. Press the ENT Key.
7) Press the FMS Knob to return to the Navigation Map Page.
APPENDICES
INDEX
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FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
FLIGHT MANAGEMENT
Wind Vector On/Off
EIS
Nav Range Ring On/Off
Track Vector
- On/Off
- Look Ahead Time
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Fuel Range
- On/Off
- Fuel Reserve Time
Figure 5-25 Navigation Map Setup Menu -TRACK VECTOR, WIND VECTOR, NAV RANGE RING, FUEL RANGE RING Setup
WIND VECTOR
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
The map displays a wind vector arrow in the upper right-hand portion of the screen. Wind vector information
is displayed as a white arrow pointing in the direction in which the wind is moving for wind speeds greater than
or equal to 1 kt.
Wind Direction
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Wind Speed
Figure 5-26 Navigation Map - Wind Vector
NOTE: The wind vector is not displayed until the aircraft is moving. It is not displayed on the Waypoint
AFCS
Information pages.
Displaying/removing the wind vector:
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
1) Press the MENU Key with the Navigation Map Page displayed. The cursor flashes on the ‘Map Setup’ option.
2) Press the ENT Key. The Map Setup Menu is displayed.
3) Select the ‘Map’ group.
APPENDICES
4) Press the ENT Key.
5) Highlight the ‘WIND VECTOR’ field.
6) Select ‘On’ or ‘Off’.
INDEX
7) Press the FMS Knob to return to the Navigation Map Page.
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
NAV RANGE RING
The Nav Range Ring shows the direction of travel (ground track) on a rotating compass card. The range is
determined by the map range. The range is 1/4 of the map range (e.g., 37.5 nm on a 150 nm map).
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Range (radius)
EIS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Nav Range Ring
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Figure 5-27 Navigation Map - Nav Range Ring
NOTE: The Nav Range Ring is not displayed on the Waypoint Information pages, Nearest pages, or Direct-to
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Window map.
Displaying/removing the Nav Range Ring:
1) Press the MENU Key with the Navigation Map Page displayed. The cursor flashes on the ‘Map Setup’ option.
2) Press the ENT Key. The Map Setup Menu is displayed.
AFCS
3) Select the ‘Map’ group.
4) Press the ENT Key.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
5) Highlight the ‘NAV RANGE RING’ field.
6) Select ‘On’ or ‘Off’.
7) Press the FMS Knob to return to the Navigation Map Page.
APPENDICES
NOTE: The Nav Range Ring is referenced to either magnetic or true north, based on the selection on the AUX
- System Setup Page.
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
FLIGHT MANAGEMENT
FUEL RANGE RING
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EIS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The map can display a fuel range ring which shows the remaining flight distance. A dashed green circle
indicates the selected range to reserve fuel. A solid green circle indicates the total endurance range. If only
reserve fuel remains, the range is indicated by a solid yellow circle.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Fuel Range Ring
Figure 5-28 Navigation Map - Fuel Range Ring
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Displaying/removing the fuel range ring and selecting a fuel range time:
1) Press the MENU Key with the Navigation Map Page displayed. The cursor flashes on the ‘Map Setup’ option.
2) Press the ENT Key. The Map Setup Menu is displayed.
3) Select the ‘Map’ group.
AFCS
4) Press the ENT Key.
5) Highlight the ‘FUEL RNG (RSV)’ field.
6) Select ‘On’ or ‘Off’.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
7) Highlight the fuel reserve time field. This time should be set to the amount of flight time equal to the amount
of fuel reserve desired.
8) To change the reserve fuel time, enter a time (00:00 to 23:59; hours:minutes). The default setting is 00:45
minutes.
APPENDICES
9) Press the ENT Key.
INDEX
10) Press the FMS Knob to return to the Navigation Map Page.
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
5.3 WAYPOINTS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Waypoints are predetermined geographical positions (internal database) or pilot-entered positions, and are
used for all phases of flight planning and navigation.
Communication and navigation frequencies can be tuned “automatically” from various Waypoint Information
(WPT) pages, Nearest (NRST) pages, and the Nearest Airports Window (on PFD). This auto-tuning feature
simplifies frequency entry over manual tuning. Refer to the CNS and Audio Panel section for details on autotuning.
Facility
Entry Field
- Waypoint Identifier
- Type (symbol)
- Facility Name
- City
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
City Entry Field
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Identifier Entry Field
EIS
Waypoints can be selected by entering the ICAO identifier, entering the name of the facility, or by entering
the city name. See the System Overview section for detailed instructions on entering data in the G1000. As a
waypoint identifier, facility name, or location is entered, the G1000’s Spell’N’Find™ feature scrolls through the
database, displaying those waypoints matching the characters which have been entered to that point. A direct-to
navigation leg to the selected waypoint can be initiated by pressing the Direct-to Key on any of the waypoint
pages.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Entered Waypoint on
Map
Map Area Showing
Entered Waypoint
AFCS
Waypoint Location
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Figure 5-29 Waypoint Information Window
APPENDICES
If duplicate entries exist for the entered facility name or location, additional entries may be viewed by continuing
to turn the small FMS Knob during the selection process. If duplicate entries exist for an identifier, a Duplicate
Waypoints Window is displayed when the ENT Key is pressed.
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
FLIGHT MANAGEMENT
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Identifier with
Duplicates
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EIS
Duplicate
Waypoints
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Duplicate Message
Figure 5-30 Waypoint Information Window - Duplicate Identifier
AIRPORTS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
NOTE: ‘North Up’ orientation on the Airport Information Page cannot be changed; the pilot needs to be
aware of proper orientation if the Navigation Map orientation is different from the Airport Information Page
Map.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
The Airport Information Page is the first page in WPT group and allows the pilot to view airport information,
load frequencies (COM, NAV, and lighting), review runways, and review instrument procedures that may be
involved in the flight plan. See the Audio Panel and CNS Section for more information on loading frequencies
(auto-tuning). After engine startup, the Airport Information Page defaults to the airport where the aircraft is
located. After a flight plan has been loaded, it defaults to the destination airport. On a flight plan with multiple
airports, it defaults to the airport which is the current active waypoint.
INDEX
APPENDICES
In addition to displaying a map of the currently selected airport and surrounding area, the Airport Information
Page displays airport information in three boxes labeled ‘AIRPORT’, ‘RUNWAYS’, and ‘FREQUENCIES’. For
airports with multiple runways, information for each runway is available.
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Airport Information
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
- ID/Facility/City
- Usage Type/Region
- Lat/Long/Elev
- Fuel Available
- Time Zone (UTC Offset)
Navigation Map
Showing Selected
Airport
Runway Information
- Designation
- Length/Width/Surface
- Lighting Available
EIS
Airport/Runway
Diagram
COM/NAV Freq. Info.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
- Identification
- Frequency
- Availability
- Additional Information
Softkeys
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Figure 5-31 Airport Information Page
The following descriptions and abbreviations are used on the Airport Information Page:
• Usage type: Public, Military, or Private
• Runway surface type: Hard, Turf, Sealed, Gravel, Dirt, Soft, Unknown, or Water
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
• Runway lighting type: No Lights, Part Time, Full Time, Unknown, or PCL Freq (for pilot-controlled
lighting)
• COM Availability: TX (transmit only), RX (receive only), PT (part time), i (additional information available)
Selecting an airport for review by identifier, facility name, or location:
AFCS
1) From the Airport Information Page, press the FMS Knob.
2) Use the FMS Knobs and enter an identifier, facility name, or location.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
3) Press the ENT Key.
4) Press the FMS Knob to remove the cursor.
Selecting a runway:
1) With the Airport Information Page displayed, press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
APPENDICES
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to place the cursor in the ‘RUNWAYS’ Box, on the runway designator.
3) Turn the small FMS Knob to display the desired runway (if more than one) for the selected airport.
4) To remove the flashing cursor, press the FMS Knob.
INDEX
View a destination airport:
From the Airport Information Page press the MENU Key. Select ‘View Destination Airport’. The Destination
Airport is displayed.
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
FLIGHT MANAGEMENT
The Airport Frequencies Box uses the descriptions and abbreviations listed in the following table:
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EIS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Communication Frequencies
Approach * Control
Pre-Taxi
Arrival *
CTA *
Radar
ASOS
Departure * Ramp
ATIS
Terminal *
Gate
AWOS
Ground
TMA *
Tower
Center
Helicopter
Class B *
Multicom
TRSA *
Class C *
Other
Unicom
Clearance
Navigation Frequencies
ILS
LOC
* May include Additional Information
Table 5-5 Airport Frequency Abbreviations
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
A departure, arrival, or approach can be loaded using the softkeys on the Airport Information Page. See the
procedures section for details. METARs or TAFs applicable to the selected airport can be selected for display (see
the Hazard Avoidance section for details about weather.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
The G1000 provides a NRST Softkey on the PFD, which gives the pilot quick access to nearest airport
information (very useful if an immediate need to land is required). The Nearest Airports Window displays a
list of the 25 nearest airports (three entries can be displayed at one time). If there are more than three they are
displayed in a scrollable list. If there are no nearest airports available, “NONE WITHIN 200NM” is displayed.
Bearing/Distance to Airport
AFCS
Airport Identifier/
Type
Approach Available
Length of Longest
Runway
COM Freq. Info.
- Identification
- Frequency
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Additional Airports
(within 200 nm)
NRST Softkey
Figure 5-32 Nearest Airports Window on PFD
INDEX
Pressing the ENT Key displays the PFD Airport Information Window for the highlighted airport. Pressing
the ENT Key again returns to the Nearest Airports Window with the cursor on the next airport in the list.
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Continued presses of the ENT Key sequences through the information pages for all airports in the Nearest
Airports list.:
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Airport Information
- ID/Type/City
- Facility
Airport Information
- Usage/Time/Elev
- Region
EIS
Airport Information
- Lat/Long
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Figure 5-33 Airport Information Window on PFD
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
The Nearest Airports Page on the MFD is first in the group of NRST pages because of its potential use in
the event of an in-flight emergency. In addition to displaying a map of the currently selected airport and
surrounding area, the page displays nearest airport information in five boxes labeled ‘NEAREST AIRPORTS’,
‘INFORMATION’, ‘RUNWAYS’, ‘FREQUENCIES’, and ‘APPROACHES’.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
The selected airport is indicated by a white arrow, and a dashed white line is drawn on the navigation map
from the aircraft position to the nearest airport. Up to five nearest airports, one runway, up to three frequencies,
and up to three approaches are visible at one time. If there are more than can be shown, each list can be scrolled.
If there are no items for display in a boxed area, text indicating that fact is displayed. The currently selected
airport remains in the list until it is unselected.
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
FLIGHT MANAGEMENT
Nearest Airports
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
- ID/Type
- Bearing/Distance
Airport Information
EIS
- Facility/City/Elevation
Nearest Airport
Runway Information
Navigation Map
Showing Nearest
Airport
COM/NAV Freq. Info.
- Designation/Surface
- Length/Width
- Identification
- Frequency
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Approaches Available
LD APR Softkey (only
available if an approach is
highlighted)
Window Selection
Softkeys
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Figure 5-34 Nearest Airport Page
Viewing information for a nearest airport on the PFD:
1) Press the NRST Softkey to display the Nearest Airports Window.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
2) Highlight the airport identifier with the FMS Knob and press the ENT Key to display the Airport Information
Window.
AFCS
3) To return to the Nearest Airports Window press the ENT Key (with the cursor on ‘BACK’) or press the CLR
Key. The cursor is now on the next airport in the nearest airports list. (Repeatedly pressing the ENT Key
moves through the airport list, alternating between the Nearest Airports Window and the Airport Information
Window.)
4) Press the CLR Key to close the PFD Nearest Airports Window.
Viewing information for a nearest airport on the MFD:
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
1) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the NRST page group.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the Nearest Airports Page (it is the first page of the group, so it may already
be selected. If there are no Nearest Airports available, “NONE WITHIN 200 NM” is displayed.
APPENDICES
3) Press the APT Softkey; or press the FMS Knob; or press the MENU Key, highlight ‘Select Airport Window’ and
press the ENT Key. The cursor is placed in the ‘NEAREST AIRPORTS’ Box. The first airport in the nearest airports
list is highlighted.
4) Turn the FMS Knob to highlight the desired airport. (Pressing the ENT Key also moves to the next airport)
INDEX
5) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Viewing runway information for a specific airport:
1) With the Nearest Airports Page displayed, press the RNWY Softkey; or press the MENU Key, highlight ‘Select
Runway Window’; and press the ENT Key. The cursor is placed in the ‘RUNWAYS’ Box.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
2) Select the desired runway.
3) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
See the Audio Panel and CNS Section for frequency selection and the Procedures section for approaches.
EIS
The Nearest Airports Box on the System Setup Page defines the minimum runway length and surface type
used when determining the 25 nearest airports to display on the MFD Nearest Airports Page. A minimum
runway length and/or surface type can be entered to prevent airports with small runways or runways that are
not appropriately surfaced from being displayed. Default settings are 0 feet (or meters) for runway length and
“HARD/SOFT” for runway surface type.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Selecting nearest airport surface matching criteria:
1) Use the FMS Knob to select the System Setup Page.
2) Press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the runway surface field in the Nearest Airports Box.
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the desired runway option (ANY, HARD ONLY, HARD/SOFT).
5) Press the ENT Key.
Selecting nearest airport minimum runway length matching criteria:
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
1) Use the FMS Knob to select the System Setup Page.
2) Press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the minimum length field in the Nearest Airport Box.
4) Use the FMS Knob to enter the minimum runway length (zero to 99,999 feet) and press the ENT Key.
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
Nearest Airport Criteria
- Type of Runway Surface
- Minimum Runway Length
Figure 5-35 System Setup Page - Nearest Airport Selection Criteria
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
FLIGHT MANAGEMENT
INTERSECTIONS
NOTE: The VOR displayed on the Intersection Information Page is the nearest VOR, not necessarily the VOR
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
used to define the intersection.
The Intersection Information Page is used to view information about intersections. In addition to displaying
a map of the currently selected intersection and surrounding area, the Intersection Information Page displays
intersection information in three boxes labeled ‘INTERSECTION’, ‘INFORMATION’, and ‘NEAREST VOR’.
EIS
Intersection Identifier
Intersection Info
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Navigation Map
Showing Selected
Intersection
- Region
- Lat/Long
Nearest VOR Info
- Identifier/Type (symbol)
- Radial to VOR
- Distance to VOR
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Selected
Intersection
Figure 5-36 Intersection Information Page
AFCS
Select an intersection:
1) With the Intersection Information Page displayed, enter an identifier in the Intersection Box.
2) Press the ENT Key.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
3) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
Or:
1) With the Nearest Intersections Page displayed, press the FMS Knob
APPENDICES
2) Press the ENT Key or turn either FMS Knob to select an identifier in the Nearest Intersection Box.
INDEX
3) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
The Nearest Intersections Page can be used to quickly find an intersection close to the flight path. In addition
to displaying a map of the surrounding area, the page displays information for up to 25 nearest intersections in
three boxes labeled ‘NEAREST INT’, ‘INFORMATION’, and ‘REFERENCE VOR’.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The selected intersection is indicated by a white arrow. Up to eleven Intersections are visible at a time. If
there are more than can be shown, the list can be scrolled. If there are no items for display, text indicating that
fact is displayed
NOTE: The list only includes waypoints that are within 200 nm.
EIS
Intersection Information
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
- Identifier/Symbol
- Bearing/Distance to
intersection from
aircraft position
Navigation Map
Showing Nearest
Intersection
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Intersection Lat/Long
Reference VOR Info
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
- Identifier/Type (symbol)
- VOR Frequency
- Bearing/Distance to VOR
Nearest Intersection
Figure 5-37 Nearest Intersections Page
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
FLIGHT MANAGEMENT
NDBS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The NDB Information Page is used to view information about NDBs. In addition to displaying a map of
the currently selected NDB and surrounding area, the page displays NDB information in four boxes labeled
‘NDB’, ‘INFORMATION’, ‘FREQUENCY’, and ‘NEAREST AIRPORT.
NDB Identifier/Type
- Facility Name
- Nearest City
EIS
Navigation Map
Showing Selected
NDB
NDB Information
- Type
- Region
- Lat/Long
NDB Frequency
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Selected NDB
Nearest Airport Info
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
- Identifier/Type (symbol)
- Bearing/Distance to
Airport
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure 5-38 NDB Information Page
NOTE: Compass locator (LOM): a low power, low or medium frequency radio beacon installed in conjunction
with the instrument landing system. When LOM is used, the locator is at the Outer Marker; when LMM is
used, the locator is at the Middle Marker.
AFCS
Select an NDB:
1) With the NDB Information Page displayed, enter an identifier, the name of the NDB, or the city in which it’s
located in the NDB Box.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
2) Press the ENT Key.
3) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
Or:
APPENDICES
1) With the Nearest NDB Page displayed, enter an identifier, the name of the NDB, or the city in which it’s located
in the NDB Box.
2) Press the ENT Key.
INDEX
3) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
The Nearest NDB Page can be used to quickly find a NDB close to the flight path. In addition to displaying
a map of the surrounding area, the page displays information for up to 25 nearest NDBs in three boxes labeled
‘NEAREST NDB’, ‘INFORMATION’, and ‘FREQUENCY’.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
A white arrow before the NDB identifier indicates the selected NDB. Up to eleven NDBs are visible at a time.
If there are more than can be shown, each list can be scrolled. The list only includes waypoints that are within
200nm. If there are no NDBs in the list, text indicating that there are no nearest NDBs is displayed. If there are
no nearest NDBs in the list, the information and frequency fields are dashed.
EIS
NDB Identifier/Symbol
Navigation Map
Showing Selected
NDB
Nearest NDB
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
- Bearing/Distance to
NDB from aircraft
position
NDB Information
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
- Facility Name/City
- Type
- Lat/Long
NDB Frequency
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure 5-39 Nearest NDB Page
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
FLIGHT MANAGEMENT
VORS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The VOR Information Page can be used to view information about VOR and ILS signals (since ILS signals
can be received on a NAV receiver), or to quickly auto-tune a VOR or ILS frequency. Localizer information
cannot be viewed on the VOR Information Page. If a VOR station is combined with a TACAN station it is
listed as a VORTAC on the VOR Information Page and if it includes only DME, it’s displayed as VOR-DME.
EIS
In addition to displaying a map of the currently selected VOR and surrounding area, the VOR Information
Page displays VOR information in four boxes labeled ‘VOR’, ‘INFORMATION’, ‘FREQUENCY’, and ‘NEAREST
AIRPORT’.
VOR Identifier/Type
- Facility Name
- Nearest City
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Navigation Map
Showing Selected
VOR
VOR Information
- Class/Magnetic Variation
- Region
- Lat/Long
VOR Frequency
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Selected VOR
Nearest Airport Info
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
- Identifier/Type (symbol)
- Bearing/Distance to
Airport
Figure 5-40 VOR Information Page
AFCS
The VOR classes used in the VOR information box are: LOW ALTITUDE, HIGH ALTITUDE, and
TERMINAL
Select a VOR:
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
1) With the VOR Information Page or the Nearest VOR Page displayed, enter an identifier, the name of the VOR, or
the city in which it’s located in the VOR Box.
2) Press the ENT Key.
3) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor..
APPENDICES
Or:
1) With the Nearest VOR Page displayed, press the MENU Key.
2) Highlight ‘SELECT VOR WINDOW’, and press the ENT Key.
3) Enter an identifier, the name of the VOR, or the city in which it’s located in the VOR Box.
INDEX
4) Press the ENT Key.
5) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The Nearest VOR Page can be used to quickly find a VOR station close to the aircraft. Also, a NAV frequency
from a selected VOR station can be loaded from the Nearest VOR Page. In addition to displaying a map of
the surrounding area, the Nearest VOR Page displays information for up to 25 nearest VOR stations in three
boxes labeled ‘NEAREST VOR’, ‘INFORMATION’, and ‘FREQUENCY’. The list only includes waypoints that
are within 200 nm.
A white arrow before the VOR identifier indicates the selected VOR. Up to eleven VORs are visible at a
time. If there are more than can be shown, each list can be scrolled. If there are no VORs in the list, text
indicating that there are no nearest VORs is displayed. If there are no nearest VORs in the list, the information
is dashed.
EIS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
VOR Identifier/Symbol
Navigation Map
Showing Nearest
VOR
- Bearing/Distance to VOR
from aircraft position
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
VOR Information
- Facility Name/City
- Class/Magnetic Variation
- Lat/Long
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
VOR Frequency
Nearest VOR
Figure 5-41 Nearest VOR Page
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
FLIGHT MANAGEMENT
USER WAYPOINTS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The G1000 can create and store up to 1,000 user-defined waypoints. User waypoints can be created from
any map page (except PFD Inset Map, AUX-Trip Planning Page, or Procedure Pages) by selecting a position on
the map using the Joystick, or from the User Waypoint Information Page by referencing a bearing/distance
from an existing waypoint or bearing from two existing waypoints. Once a waypoint has been created, it can
be renamed, deleted, or moved.
User Wpt Identifier
User Wpt Comment
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EIS
Navigation Map
Showing Selected
User Waypoint
User Wpt Info
- Region
- Lat/Long
Reference Wpt Info
Selected User
Waypoint
- Identifier
- Radial/Distance
User Waypoint List
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
- Identifier
- Comment
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
# User Wpts Used
Softkeys
Figure 5-42 User Waypoint Information Page
AFCS
Nearest User Wpt List
- Identifier
- Bearing/Distance from
aircraft position
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Navigation Map
Showing Selected
User Waypoint
APPENDICES
User Waypoint Info
- Comment
- Lat/Long
INDEX
Selected User
Waypoint
Reference Wpt Info
- Identifier
- Radial/Distance
Figure 5-43 Nearest User Waypoint Page
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
CREATING USER WAYPOINTS
User waypoints can be created from the User Waypoint Information Page in the following ways:
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Creating user waypoints from the User Waypoint Information Page:
1) Press the NEW Softkey, or press the MENU Key and select ‘Create New User Waypoint’.
2) Enter a user waypoint name (up to six characters).
3) Press the ENT Key. The current aircraft position is the default location of the new waypoint.
EIS
4) If desired, highlight the Information Box and enter the latitude and longitude for the waypoint or highlight the
Reference Waypoints Box to enter a bearing and distance from another waypoint or the bearing from two other
waypoints to define the new waypoint location.
Or:
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
1) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
2) Enter a user waypoint name (up to six characters).
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
3) Press the ENT Key. The message ‘Are you sure you want to create the new User Waypoint AAAAAA?’ is
displayed.
4) With ‘YES’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
5) Highlight the Information Box and enter the latitude and longitude for the waypoint or highlight the Reference
Waypoints Box to enter a bearing and distance from another waypoint or the bearing from two other waypoints
to define the new waypoint location.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
6) Press the ENT Key to accept the new waypoint.
7) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
Figure 5-44 User Waypoint Information Page Menu
INDEX
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OVERVIEW
FLIGHT MANAGEMENT
Creating user waypoints from map pages:
1) Press the Joystick to activate the panning function and pan to the map location of the desired user waypoint.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
2) Press the ENT Key. The User Waypoint Information Page is displayed with the captured position.
NOTE: If the pointer has highlighted a map database feature, one of three things happens upon pressing
the ENT Key: 1) information about the selected feature is displayed instead of initiating a new waypoint,
2) a menu pops up allowing a choice between ‘Review Airspaces’ or ‘Create User Waypoint”, or 3) a new
waypoint is initiated with the default name being the selected map item.
EIS
3) Enter a user waypoint name (up to six characters).
4) Press the ENT Key to accept the selected name. The first reference waypoint box is highlighted.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
5) If desired, highlight the Information Box and enter the latitude and longitude for the waypoint or highlight the
Reference Waypoints Box to enter a bearing and distance from another waypoint or the bearing from two other
waypoints to define the new waypoint location.
6) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
EDITING USER WAYPOINTS
Editing a user waypoint comment or location:
1) With the User Waypoint Information Page displayed, press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
2) Move the cursor to the desired field.
3) Turn the small FMS Knob to make any changes.
4) Press the ENT Key to accept the changes.
5) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
AFCS
Renaming user waypoints:
1) Highlight a user waypoint in the User Waypoint List. Press the RENAME Softkey, or press the MENU Key and
select ‘Rename User Waypoint’
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
2) Enter a new name.
3) Press the ENT Key. The message ‘Do you want to rename the user waypoint AAAAAA to BBBBBB?’ is
displayed.
4) With ‘YES’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
APPENDICES
5) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
Changing the location of an existing waypoint to the aircraft present position:
1) Enter a waypoint name or select the waypoint in the User Waypoint List, then press the ENT Key.
2) Press the MENU Key.
INDEX
3) Select ‘Use Present Position’.
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OVERVIEW
4) Press the ENT Key twice. The new waypoint’s location is saved.
5) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
A system generated comment for a user waypoint incorporates the reference waypoint identifier, bearing,
and distance. If a system generated comment has been edited, a new comment can be generated.
Resetting the comment field to the system generated comment:
1) Enter a waypoint name or select the waypoint in the User Waypoint List, then press the ENT Key.
2) Press the MENU Key.
EIS
3) Select ‘Auto Comment’.
4) Press the ENT Key. The generated comment is based on the reference point used to define the waypoint.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
DELETING USER WAYPOINTS
Deleting a single user waypoint
1) Highlight a User Waypoint in the User Waypoint List, or enter a waypoint in the User Waypoint field.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
2) Press the DELETE Softkey or press the CLR Key. ‘Yes’ is highlighted in the confirmation window.
3) Press the ENT Key.
4) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
Or:
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
1) Highlight a User Waypoint in the User Waypoint List, or enter a waypoint in the User Waypoint field.
2) Press the MENU Key.
3) Select ‘Delete User Waypoint’.
4) Press the ENT Key twice to confirm the selection.
AFCS
5) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
Deleting all user waypoints
1) Highlight a User Waypoint in the User Waypoint List.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
2) Press the MENU Key.
3) Select ‘Delete All User Waypoints’
4) Press the ENT Key twice to confirm the selection..
APPENDICES
5) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
INDEX
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5.4 AIRSPACES
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The G1000 can display the following types of airspaces: Class B/TMA, Class C/TCA, Class D, Restricted, MOA
(Military), Other Airspace, Air Defense Interdiction Zone (ADIZ), and Temporary Flight Restriction (TFR).
Class D Airspace
MOA (Military)
EIS
Class B Airspace
Restricted Area
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
TFR
Class C Airspace
AFCS
Alert Area
ADIZ
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Warning Area
Figure 5-45 Airspaces
INDEX
The Nearest Airspaces Page, Airspace Alerts Window, and Airspace Alerts on the PFD provide additional
information about airspaces and the location of the aircraft in relationship to them.
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OVERVIEW
The Airspace Alerts Box allows the pilot to turn the controlled/special-use airspace message alerts on or off.
This does not affect the alerts listed on the Nearest Airspaces Page or the airspace boundaries depicted on the
Navigation Map Page. It simply turns on/off the warning provided when the aircraft is approaching or near an
airspace.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
An altitude buffer is also provided which “expands” the vertical range above or below an airspace. For example,
if the buffer is set at 500 feet, and the aircraft is more than 500 feet above/below an airspace, an alert message is
not generated, but if the aircraft is less than 500 feet above/below an airspace and projected to enter it, the pilot
is notified with an alert message. The default setting for the altitude buffer is 200 feet.
Changing the altitude buffer distance setting:
EIS
1) Use the FMS Knob to select the AUX - System Setup Page.
2) Press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the altitude buffer field in the Airspace Alerts Box.
4) Use the FMS Knob to enter an altitude buffer value and press the ENT Key.
Turning an airspace alert on or off:
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
1) Use the FMS Knob to select the AUX - System Setup Page.
2) Press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the desired field in the Airspace Alerts Box.
4) Turn the small FMS Knob clockwise to turn the airspace alert ON or counterclockwise to turn the alert OFF.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Airspace Alerts Box
AFCS
- Airspace Altitude Buffer
- Alert On/Off
(Default Settings Shown)
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
DFLTS Softkey
Figure 5-46 System Setup Page - Airspace Alerts
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INDEX
Map ranges for the airspace boundaries are selected from the Aviation Group in the Map Setup Menu: See Table
5-2 for the default and maximum ranges for each type of airspace and the symbol used to define the airspace
area.
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
FLIGHT MANAGEMENT
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The Nearest Airspaces Page can be used to quickly find airspaces close to the flight path. In addition, a selected
frequency associated with the airspace can be loaded from the Nearest Airspaces Page. In addition to displaying
a map of airspace boundaries and surrounding area, the Nearest Airspaces Page displays airspace information in
four boxes labeled ‘AIRSPACE ALERTS’, ‘AIRSPACE, AGENCY’, VERTICAL LIMITS’, and ‘FREQUENCIES’.
Airspace Alerts Info
EIS
- Name
- Proximity (Ahead, Inside,
Ahead < 2nm, Within 2nm)
- Time till Intercept (only if
Ahead or Ahead < 2nm
Airspace/Agency Info
Airspace 1
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
- Airspace Type
- Controlling Agency
Airspace Vertical Limits
- Ceiling
- Floor
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Airspace 2
Associated Frequencies
- Type
- Availability/Info
- Frequency
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Softkeys
Figure 5-47 Nearest Airspaces Page
Airspace alerts and associated frequencies are shown in scrollable lists on the Nearest Airspaces Page. The
ALERTS and FREQ softkeys place the cursor in the respective list. The FREQ Softkey is enabled only if one or
more frequencies exist for a selected airspace.
AFCS
Selecting and viewing an airspace alert with its associated information:
1) Select the Nearest Airspace Page.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
2) Press the ALERTS Softkey; or press the FMS Knob; or press the MENU Key, highlight ‘Select Alerts Window’,
and press the ENT Key. The cursor is placed in the ‘AIRSPACE ALERTS’ Box.
3) Select the desired airspace.
INDEX
APPENDICES
4) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
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OVERVIEW
Pressing the PFD ALERTS Softkey displays the message window on the PFD. The following airspace alerts are
displayed in the message window:
Comments
The aircraft is inside the special use airspace.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Special use airspace is ahead of aircraft. The aircraft penetrates the airspace within 10
minutes.
Special use airspace is near and ahead of the aircraft position.
Special use airspace is within 2 nm of the aircraft position.
EIS
Message
INSIDE ARSPC – Inside airspace.
ARSPC AHEAD – Airspace ahead –
less than 10 minutes.
ARSPC NEAR – Airspace near and
ahead.
ARSPC NEAR – Airspace near
– less than 2 nm.
Table 5-6 PFD Airspace Alert Messages
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
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5.5 DIRECT-TO-NAVIGATION
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Once a direct-to is activated, the G1000 establishes a point-to-point course line from the present position to the
selected direct-to destination. Course guidance is provided until the direct-to is replaced with a new direct-to or
flight plan, or cancelled.
EIS
The Direct-to method of navigation, initiated by pressing the Direct-to Key on either the MFD or PFD, is
quicker to use than a flight plan when the desire is to navigate to a single point such as a nearby airport.
A vertical navigation (VNV) direct-to creates a descent path (and provides guidance to stay on the path) from
the current altitude to a selected altitude at the direct-to waypoint. Vertical navigation is based on barometric
altitudes, not on GPS altitude, and is used for cruise and descent phases of flight.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
The Direct-to Window allows selection and activation of direct-to navigation. The Direct-to Window displays
selected direct-to waypoint data on the PFD and the MFD.
Direct-to Point Info
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
- Identifier/Symbol/Region
- Facility Name
- City
VNV Constraints
- Altitude at Arrival
- Along Track Offset
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Map of Selected Point
Location of Destination
- Bearing/Distance
AFCS
Desired Course
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Figure 5-48 Direct-to Window - MFD
APPENDICES
Direct-to Point Info
- Identifier/Symbol/City
- Facility Name
VNV Constraints
- Altitude at Arrival
- Along Track Offset
Direct-to Point Info
INDEX
- Bearing/Distance
- Desired Course
Activation Command
Figure 5-49 Direct-to Window - PFD
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OVERVIEW
Any waypoint can be entered as a direct-to destination from the Direct-to Window.
Entering a waypoint identifier, facility name, or city as a direct-to destination:
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
1) Press the Direct-to Key. The Direct-to Window is displayed (with the active flight plan wayoint as the default
selection or a blank waypoint field if no flight plan is active).
EIS
2) Turn the small FMS Knob clockwise to begin entering a waypoint identifier (turning it counter-clockwise brings
up the waypoint selection submenu - press the CLR Key to remove it), or turn the large FMS Knob to select the
facility name, or city field and turn the small FMS Knob to begin entering a facility name or city. If duplicate
entries exist for the entered facility or city name, additional entries can be viewed by turning the small FMS
Knob during the selection process.
3) Press the ENT Key. The ‘Activate?’ field is highlighted.
4) Press the ENT Key to activate the direct-to.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Any waypoint contained in the active flight plan can be selected as a direct-to waypoint from the Direct-to
Window, the Active Flight Plan Page, or the Active Flight Plan Window.
Waypoint Submenu
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
- Flight Plan Waypoints
- Nearest Waypoints
- Recent Waypoints
- Airway Waypoints
(only available when
active leg is part of an
airway)
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure 5-50 Waypoint Submenu
Selecting an active flight plan waypoint as a direct-to destination:
AFCS
1) While navigating an active flight plan, press the Direct-to Key. The Direct-to Window is displayed with the
active flight plan waypoint as the default selection.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
2) Turn the small FMS Knob counter-clockwise to display a list of flight plan waypoints (the FPL list is populated
only when navigating a flight plan).
3) Select the desired waypoint.
4) Press the ENT Key. The cursor is now displayed on ‘ACTIVATE?’.
5) Press ENT again to activate the direct-to.
APPENDICES
Or:
1) Select the Active Flight Plan Page on the MFD, or the Active Flight Plan Window on the PFD.
2) Select the desired waypoint.
3) Press the Direct-to Key.
INDEX
4) Press the ENT Key. The cursor is now displayed on ‘ACTIVATE?’.
5) Press the ENT Key again to activate the direct-to.
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OVERVIEW
FLIGHT MANAGEMENT
Any NRST, RECENT, or AIRWAY waypoints can be selected as a direct-to destination in the Direct-to Window.
Selecting a NRST, RECENT, or AIRWAY waypoint as a direct-to destination:
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
1) Press the Direct-to Key. The Direct-to Window is displayed (with the active flight plan destination as the
default selection or a blank destination if no flight plan is active).
2) Turn the small FMS Knob counter-clockwise to display a list of FPL waypoints (the FPL list is populated only
when navigating a flight plan, and the AIRWAY list is available only when the active leg is part of an airway).
3) Turn the small FMS Knob clockwise to display the NRST, RECENT, or AIRWAY waypoints
EIS
4) Turn the large FMS Knob clockwise to select the desired waypoint.
5) Press the ENT Key. The cursor is now displayed on ‘ACTIVATE?’.
6) Press the ENT Key again to activate the direct-to.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Selecting any waypoint as a direct-to destination:
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
The Direct-to Window can be displayed from any page and allows selection and activation of direct-to navigation.
If the direct-to is initiated from any page except the WPT pages, the default waypoint is the active flight plan
waypoint (if a flight plan is active) or a blank waypoint field. Direct-to requests on any WPT page defaults to the
displayed waypoint.
3) Press the ENT Key. The cursor is now displayed on ‘ACTIVATE?’.
1) Select the page or window containing the desired waypoint type and select the desired waypoint.
2) Press the Direct-to Key to display the Direct-to Window with the selected waypoint as the direct-to
destination.
4) Press ENT again to activate the direct-to.
Selecting a nearby airport as a direct-to destination:
AFCS
1) Press the NRST Softkey on the PFD; or turn the FMS Knob to display the Nearest Airports Page.
2) Select the desired airport (the nearest one is already selected).
3) Press the Direct-to Key.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
4) Press the ENT Key. The cursor is now displayed on ‘ACTIVATE?’.
5) Press the ENT Key again to activate the direct-to.
APPENDICES
Direct-to destinations may also be selected by using the pointer on the navigation map pages. If no airport,
NAVAID, or user waypoint exists at the desired location, a temporary waypoint named ‘MAPWPT’ is automatically
created at the location of the map arrow.
Selecting a waypoint as a direct-to destination using the pointer:
1) From a navigation map page, press the Joystick to display the pointer.
2) Move the Joystick to place the pointer at the desired destination location.
INDEX
3) If the pointer is placed on an existing airport, NAVAID, or user waypoint, the waypoint name is highlighted.
4) Press the Direct-to Key to display the Direct-to Window with the selected point entered as the direct-to
destination.
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OVERVIEW
5) Press the ENT Key. The cursor is now displayed on ‘ACTIVATE?’.
6) Press the ENT Key again to activate the direct-to.
Cancelling a Direct-to:
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
1) Press the Direct-to Key to display the Direct-to Window.
2) Press the MENU Key.
3) With ‘Cancel Direct-To NAV’ highlighted, press the ENT Key. If a flight plan is still active, the G1000 resumes
navigating the flight plan along the closest leg.
EIS
Page Menu
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
- Cancel Direct-To
Navigation
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure 5-51 Direct-to Window - Cancelling Direct-to Navigation
AFCS
When navigating a direct-to, the G1000 sets a direct great circle course to the selected destination. The course
to a destination can also be manually selected using the course field (‘COURSE’) on the Direct-to Window.
Selecting a manual direct-to course:
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
1) Press the Direct-to Key. The Direct-to Window is displayed with the destination field highlighted.
2) Highlight the course field.
3) Enter the desired course.
APPENDICES
4) Press the ENT Key. The cursor is now displayed on ‘ACTIVATE?’.
5) Press the ENT Key again to activate the direct-to.
Reselecting the direct course from the current position:
1) Press the Direct-to Key. The Direct-to Window is displayed with the destination field highlighted.
INDEX
2) Press the ENT Key. The cursor is now displayed on ‘ACTIVATE?’.
3) Press the ENT Key again to activate the direct-to.
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FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
A direct-to with altitude constraints creates a descent path (and provides guidance to stay on the path) from
the aircraft’s current altitude to the altitude of the direct-to waypoint. The altitude is reached at the waypoint,
or at the specified distance along the flight path if an offset distance has been entered. All VNV altitudes prior
to the direct-to destination are removed from the active flight plan upon successful activation of the direct-to.
All VNV altitudes following the direct-to waypoint are retained. See the section on Vertical Navigation for more
information regarding the use and purpose of VNV altitudes and offset distances.
Entering a VNV altitude and along-track offset for the waypoint:
1) Press the Direct-to Key to display the Direct-to Window.
EIS
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to place the cursor over the ‘VNV’ altitude field.
3) Enter the desired altitude.
4) Press the ENT Key. The option to select MSL or AGL is now displayed.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
5) Turn the small FMS Knob to select ‘MSL’ or ‘AGL’.
6) Press the ENT Key. The cursor is now flashing in the VNV offset distance field.
7) Enter the desired distance along-track before (-) or after (+) the offset waypoint.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
8) Press the ENT Key. The ‘Activate?’ field is highlighted.
9) Press the ENT Key to activate.
Removing a VNV altitude constraint:
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
1) Press the Direct-to Key to display the Direct-to Window.
2) Press the MENU Key.
AFCS
3) With ‘Clear Vertical Constraints’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
Page Menu
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
- Clear Vertical Navigation
Constraints
Figure 5-52 Direct-to Window - Clearing Vertical Constraints
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OVERVIEW
5.6 FLIGHT PLANNING
Flight Plan Leg Type
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Flight planning on the G1000 consists of building a flight plan by entering waypoints one at a time, adding
waypoints along airways, and inserting departures, airways, arrivals, or approaches as needed. The G1000 allows
flight planning information to be entered from either the MFD or PFD. The flight plan is displayed on maps using
different line widths, colors, and types, based on the type of leg and the segment of the flight plan currently being
flown (departure, enroute, arrival, approach, or missed approach).
Symbol
EIS
Active non-heading Leg
Active heading Leg
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Non-heading Leg in the current flight segment
Heading Leg not in the current flight segment
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Non-heading leg not in the active flight segment
Turn Anticipation Arc
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Table 5-7 Flight Plan Leg Symbols
AFCS
Up to 99 flight plans with up to 99 waypoints each can be created and stored in memory. One flight plan can be
activated at a time and becomes the active flight plan. The active flight plan is erased when the system is turned
off and overwritten when another flight plan is activated. When storing flight plans with an approach, departure,
or arrival, the G1000 uses the waypoint information from the current database to define the waypoints. If the
database is changed or updated, the G1000 automatically updates the information if the procedure has not been
modified. If an approach, departure, or arrival procedure is no longer available, the procedure is deleted from the
affected stored flight plan(s), and an alert is displayed (see Miscellaneous System Messages) advising that one or
more stored flight plans need to be edited.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
Whenever an approach, departure, or arrival procedure is loaded into the active flight plan, a set of approach,
departure, or arrival waypoints is inserted into the flight plan along with a header line describing the instrument
procedure the pilot selected. The original enroute portion of the flight plan remains active (unless an instrument
procedure is activated) when the procedure is loaded.
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INDEX
When the database is updated, the airways need to be reloaded also. Each airway segment is reloaded from
the database given the entry waypoint, the airway identifier and the exit waypoint. This re-loads the sequence of
waypoints between the entry and exit waypoints (the sequence may change when the database is updated). The
update of an airway can fail during this process. If that happens, the airway waypoints are changed to regular
(non-airway) flight plan waypoints, and an alert is displayed (see Miscellaneous System Messages).
187
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FLIGHT MANAGEMENT
The following could cause the airway update to fail:
• Airway identifier, entry waypoint or exit waypoint not found in the new database.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
• Airway entry/exit waypoint is not an acceptable waypoint for the airway – either the waypoint is no longer on
the airway, or there is a new directional restriction that prevents it being used.
• Loading the new airway sequence would exceed the capacity of the flight plan.
FLIGHT PLAN CREATION
There are three methods to create or modify a flight plan:
EIS
• Active Flight Plan Page on the MFD (create/modify the active flight plan)
• Active Flight Plan Window on the PFD (create/modify the active flight plan)
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
• Flight Plan Catalog Page on the MFD (create/modify a stored flight plan)
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Active FPL Waypoint List
- Comment
- Procedure Header
- Waypoint Identifier
- Airway Identifier
- Desired Track to Waypoint
- Distance to Waypoint
- Waypoint Altitude Constraint
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Active Flight
Plan Leg
Vertical Navigation Profile
- Active Vertical WPT Alt/ID
- Vertical Speed Target
- Flight Path Angle
- Vertical Speed Target
- Time to Top of Descent
- Vertical Deviation
Turn Anticipation Arc
AFCS
Non-Active,
Flight Plan Leg
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Figure 5-53 Active Flight Plan Page
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Active Flight Plan Comment
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Active Flight
Plan Leg
Active Flight Plan Waypoint List
- Waypoint ID
- Desired Track to Waypoint
- Distance to Waypoint
- Airway Identifier
EIS
Figure 5-54 Active Flight Plan Window on PFD
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Catalog Contents
- # Used
- # Empty
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Flight Plan List
- Comment
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Selected Flight
Plan Map
Selected FPL Info
Softkeys
AFCS
- Departure Waypoint
- Destination Waypoint
- Total Flight Plan Distance
- Enroute Safe Altitude
Figure 5-55 Flight Plan Catalog Page
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
The active flight plan is listed on the active Flight Plan Page on the MFD, and in the Active Flight Plan
Window on the PFD. It is the flight plan to which the G1000 is currently providing guidance, and is shown
on the navigation maps. Stored flight plans are listed on the Flight Plan Catalog Page, and are available for
activation (becomes the active flight plan).
APPENDICES
Creating an active flight plan:
1) Press the FPL Key.
2) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor (only on MFD).
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3) Turn the small FMS Knob to display the Waypoint Information Window. (Turning it clockwise displays a blank
Waypoint Information Window, turning it counter-clockwise displays the Waypoint Information Window with a
waypoint selection submenu allowing selection of active flight plan, nearest, recent, or airway waypoints).
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4) Enter the identifier, facility, or city name of the departure waypoint or select a waypoint from the submenu of
waypoints and press the ENT Key. The active flight plan is modified as each waypoint is entered.
5) Repeat step numbers 3 and 4 to enter each additional flight plan waypoint.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
6) When all waypoints have been entered, press the FMS Knob to remove the cursor.
Creating a stored flight plan:
1) Press the FPL Key.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob clockwise to display the Flight Plan Catalog Page.
EIS
3) Press the NEW Softkey; or press the MENU Key, highlight ‘Create New Flight Plan’, and press the ENT Key to
display a blank flight plan for the first empty storage location.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to display the Waypoint Information Window. (Turning it clockwise displays a blank
Waypoint Information Window, turning it counter-clockwise displays the Waypoint Information Window with a
waypoint selection submenu allowing selection of active flight plan, nearest, recent, or airway waypoints).
5) Enter the identifier, facility, or city name of the departure waypoint or select a waypoint from the submenu of
waypoints and press the ENT Key.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
6) Repeat step numbers 4 and 5 to enter each additional flight plan waypoint.
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
7) When all waypoints have been entered, press the FMS Knob to return to the Flight Plan Catalog Page. The new
flight plan is now in the list.
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FLIGHT MANAGEMENT
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
ADDING WAYPOINTS TO AN EXISTING FLIGHT PLAN
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Waypoints can be added to the active flight plan or any stored flight plan. Choose the flight plan, select the
desired point of insertion, enter the waypoint, and it is added in front of the selected waypoint. Flight plans
are limited to 99 waypoints (including waypoints within airways and procedures). If the number of waypoints
in the flight plan exceeds 99, the message “Flight plan is full. Remove unnecessary waypoints.” appears and the
new waypoint(s) are not added to the flight plan.
EIS
Stored Flight Plan Selected
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
- Memory Slot
- Comment
- Procedure Identifier
- Waypoint Identifier
- Airway Identifier
- Desired Track to Waypoint
- Distance to Waypoint
- Waypoint Altitude Constraint
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Softkeys
Figure 5-56 Stored Flight Plan Page
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Flight Plan Full Message
APPENDICES
Figure 5-57 Active Flight Plan Page - FPL Full
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
FLIGHT MANAGEMENT
Adding a waypoint to a stored flight plan:
1) On the Flight Plan Catalog Page, press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
2) Highlight the desired flight plan.
3) Press the EDIT Softkey; or press the ENT Key, turn the large FMS Knob clockwise to select “EDIT” and press the
ENT Key. The Stored Flight Plan Page is displayed.
4) Select the point in the flight plan to add the new waypoint. The new waypoint is placed directly in front of the
highlighted waypoint.
EIS
5) Enter the identifier, facility, or city of the new waypoint.
6) Press the ENT Key. The new waypoint now exists in the flight plan.
NOTE: If the identifier entered in the Waypoint Information Window has duplicates, a Duplicate Waypoint
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Window is displayed. Use the FMS Knob to select the correct waypoint.
Figure 5-58 Duplicate Waypoints Window
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Adding a waypoint to the active flight plan:
1) Press the FPL Key.
2) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor (not required on the PFD).
APPENDICES
3) Select the point in the flight plan before which to add the new waypoint. The new waypoint is placed directly
in front of the highlighted waypoint.
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to display the Waypoint Information Window. (Turning it clockwise displays a blank
Waypoint Information Window, turning it counter-clockwise displays the Waypoint Information Window with a
waypoint selection submenu allowing selection of active flight plan, nearest, recent, or airway waypoints).
INDEX
5) Enter the identifier, facility, or city name of the departure waypoint or select a waypoint from the submenu of
waypoints and press the ENT Key. The active flight plan is modified as each waypoint is entered.
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FLIGHT MANAGEMENT
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Creating and adding user waypoints to the active flight plan:
1) Press the Joystick to activate the panning function on the Active Flight Plan Page and pan to the map location
of the desired user waypoint.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
2) Press the LD WPT Softkey; or press the MENU Key, select ‘Load Waypoint’, and press the ENT Key. The user
waypoint is created with a name of USRxxx (using the next available in sequence) and is added to the end of
the active flight plan.
ADDING AIRWAYS TO A FLIGHT PLAN
EIS
Airways can be added to the active flight plan or any stored flight plan. Choose a flight plan (add the desired
airway entry point if not already in the flight plan), select the waypoint after the desired airway entry point,
select the airway, and it is added in front of the selected waypoint. An airway can only be loaded if there is a
waypoint in the flight plan that is part of the desired airway and is not part of an arrival or approach procedure.
The G1000 also anticipates the desired airway and exit point based on loaded flight plan waypoints.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Airway Entry Waypoint
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Selected Airway
Airways Available at TOP
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Airway Waypoint
Sequence
Preview of
Selected Airway
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Figure 5-59 Select Airway Page - Selecting Airway
Adding an airway to a flight plan:
1) Press the FPL Key.
APPENDICES
2) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor (not required on the PFD).
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the waypoint after the desired airway entry point. If this waypoint is not
a valid airway entry point, a valid entry point should be entered at this time.
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INDEX
4) Turn the small FMS Knob one click clockwise and press the LD AIRWY Softkey, or press the MENU Key and
select “Load Airway”. The Select Airway Page is displayed. The LD AIRWY Softkey or the “Load Airway” menu
item is available only when a valid airway entry waypoint has been chosen (the waypoint ahead of the cursor
position).
193
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
FLIGHT MANAGEMENT
5) Turn the FMS Knob to select the desired airway from the list, and press the ENT Key. Low altitude airways are
shown first in the list, followed by “all” altitude airways, and then high altitude airways.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
6) Turn the FMS Knob to select the desired airway exit point from the list, and press the ENT Key. ‘LOAD?’ is
highlighted.
7) Press the ENT Key. The system returns to editing the flight plan with the new airway inserted.
Airway Entry Waypoint
EIS
Selected Airway
Selected Exit Point
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Preview of
Selected Airway
Selected Airway
Exit Point
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Airway Exit Points
Available
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
Figure 5-60 Select Airway Page - Selecting Exit Point
Inserted Airway Header
INDEX
APPENDICES
- Airway Identifier: [airway
identifier].[exit waypoint identifier]
(e.g., V4.SLN)
Figure 5-61 Active Flight Plan Page - Airway Inserted
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FLIGHT MANAGEMENT
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
RESTRICTIONS ON ADDING AIRWAYS
Some airways have directional restrictions on all or part of the route. Airway “A2” in Europe has a directional
restriction over the whole route such that it can be flown only in the direction MTD-ABB-BNE-DEVAL.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Airway “UR975” in North Africa has more complicated directional restrictions within the list of airway
waypoints AMANO, VAKOR, LIBRO NELDA, DIRKA, GZO, KOSET, and SARKI:
• Starting from AMANO, the airway can be flown only to LIBRO.
• Starting from SARKI, the airway can be flown only to LIBRO.
• Between NELDA and GZO, the airway can be flown in either direction.
EIS
In the US, airways that are “one-way” for specified hours of operation are not uncommon. These airways
are always bidirectional in the G1000 database.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
The system only allows correct airway sequences to be inserted. If the pilot subsequently inverts the flight
plan, the system inverts the airway waypoint sequence and removes the airway header.
ADDING PROCEDURES TO A STORED FLIGHT PLAN
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
The G1000 allows the pilot to insert pre-defined instrument procedures from the navigation database into a
flight plan. The procedures are designed to facilitate routing of traffic leaving an airport (departure), arriving at
an airport (arrival), and landing at an airport (approach). See the procedures section for more details.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Flight Plan Name
Flight Plan
Waypoint List
AFCS
Softkeys
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Load Departure Load Arrival Load Approach Activate Flight Plan
APPENDICES
Figure 5-62 Stored Flight Plan Page
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
FLIGHT MANAGEMENT
DEPARTURE (DP)
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
A Departure Procedure (DP) is loaded at the departure airport in the flight plan. Only one departure can
be loaded at a time in a flight plan. The route is defined by selection of a departure, the transition waypoints,
and a runway.
Departure Airport
EIS
Selected
Departure
Departures Available at
KMKC
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Preview of
Selected
Departure
Departure Waypoint
Sequence
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure 5-63 Departure Loading Page - Selecting the Departure
Loading a departure procedure into a stored flight plan:
1) Select a stored flight plan from the Flight Plan Catalog Page.
AFCS
2) Press the EDIT Softkey; or press the MENU Key, select ‘EDIT FLIGHT PLAN’, and press the ENT Key. The Stored
Flight Plan Page is displayed.
3) Press the LD DP Softkey; or press the MENU Key, select “Load Departure”, and press the ENT Key. The
Departure Loading Page is displayed.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
4) Select a departure. Press the ENT Key.
5) Select a transition for the selected departure. Press the ENT Key.
6) Select a runway served by the selected departure, if required. Press the ENT Key.
INDEX
APPENDICES
7) Press the ENT Key to load the selected departure procedure.
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FLIGHT MANAGEMENT
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Departure Airport
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Selected
Departure
Selected Runway
Preview of
Selected
Departure
Selected Transition
Departure Transition
Points Available
EIS
Selected
Departure End
Point
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Figure 5-64 Departure Loading Page - Selecting Transition
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Inserted Departure Header
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
- Departure Identifier: [departure
airport]-[departure runway].
[departure transition].
[departure end point]
(e.g., KMKC-ALL.TIFTO2.TIFTO)
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
Figure 5-65 Stored Flight Plan Page - Departure Inserted
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
FLIGHT MANAGEMENT
ARRIVAL (STAR)
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
A Standard Terminal Arrival (STAR) is loaded at the destination airport in the flight plan. Only one arrival
can be loaded at a time in a flight plan. The route is defined by selection of an arrival, the transition waypoints,
and a runway.
Destination Airport
Selected Arrival
EIS
Arrivals Available at
KCOS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Selected Runway
Arrival Waypoint
Sequence
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Preview of
Selected Arrival
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure 5-66 Arrival Loading Page - Selecting the Arrival
Loading an arrival procedure into a stored flight plan:
1) Select a stored flight plan from the Flight Plan Catalog Page.
AFCS
2) Press the EDIT Softkey; or press the MENU Key, select ‘EDIT FLIGHT PLAN’, and press the ENT Key. The Stored
Flight Plan Page is displayed.
3) Press the LD STAR Softkey; or press the MENU Key, select “Load Arrival”, and press the ENT Key. The Arrival
Loading Page is displayed.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
4) Select an arrival. Press the ENT Key.
5) Select a transition for the selected arrival. Press the ENT Key.
6) Select a runway served by the selected arrival, if required. Press the ENT Key.
INDEX
APPENDICES
7) Press the ENT Key to load the selected arrival procedure.
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FLIGHT MANAGEMENT
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Destination Airport
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Selected Arrival
Selected Transition
Transitions Available
with DBRY1
EIS
Arrival Waypoint
Sequence
Preview of
Selected Arrival
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Figure 5-67 Arrival Loading Page - Selecting the Transition
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Inserted Arrival Header
AFCS
- Arrival Identifier:
[arrival airport]-[arrival transition].
[arrival].[arrival runway]
(e.g., KCOS-ALS.DBRY1.ALL)
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
Figure 5-68 Stored Flight Plan Page - Arrival Inserted
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
FLIGHT MANAGEMENT
APPROACH (APPR)
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
An Approach Procedure (APPR) can be loaded at any airport that has an approach available. Only one
approach can be loaded at a time in a flight plan. The route for a selected approach is defined by designating
transition waypoints.
EIS
Destination Airport
Selected
Approach
Approaches Available
at KCOS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Preview of
Selected
Approach
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Approach Waypoint
Sequence
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure 5-69 Approach Loading Page - Selecting the Approach
Loading an approach procedure into a stored flight plan:
1) Select a stored flight plan from the Flight Plan Catalog Page.
AFCS
2) Press the EDIT Softkey; or press the MENU Key, select ‘EDIT FLIGHT PLAN’, and press the ENT Key. The Stored
Flight Plan Page is displayed.
3) Press the LD APR Softkey; or press the MENU Key, select “Load Approach”, and press the ENT Key. The
Approach Loading Page is displayed.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
4) Select an approach. Press the ENT Key.
5) Select a transition for the selected arrival. Press the ENT Key.
INDEX
APPENDICES
6) Press the ENT Key to load the selected approval procedure.
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FLIGHT MANAGEMENT
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Destination Airport
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Selected
Approach
Selected Transition
Preview of
Selected
Approach
Transitions Available
with Selected Approach
EIS
Approach Waypoint
Sequence
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Load Approach?
Figure 5-70 Approach Loading Page - Selecting the Transition
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Inserted Approach Header
- Approach Identifier: [approach
airport].[runway and approach type]
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Figure 5-71 Stored Flight Plan Page - Approach Inserted
FLIGHT PLAN STORAGE
APPENDICES
The G1000 can store up to 99 flight plans, numbered 1 through 99. The active flight plan is erased when
the G1000 is powered off or when another flight plan is activated. Details about each stored flight plan can be
viewed on the Flight Plan Catalog Page and on the Stored Flight Plan Page.
Viewing information about a stored flight plan:
INDEX
1) Press the FPL Key on the MFD to display the Active Flight Plan Page.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob clockwise one click to display the Flight Plan Catalog Page.
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
FLIGHT MANAGEMENT
3) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor and turn the FMS Knob to highlight the desired flight plan.
4) The Flight Plan Information is displayed showing departure, destination, total distance, and enroute safe altitude
information for the selected Flight Plan.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
5) Press the EDIT Softkey to open the Stored Flight Plan Page and view the waypoints in the flight plan.
6) Press the FMS Knob to exit the Stored Flight Plan Page.
EIS
Flight Plan Name
(Comment)
Selected Flight Plan
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Preview of Selected
Flight Plan
Stored Flight Plan Info
- Departure Airport
- Destination Airport
- Total Flight Plan Distance
- Enroute Safe Altitude
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Stored FPL Editing Softkeys
Figure 5-72 Stored Flight Plan Information
Storing an active flight plan from the Active Flight Plan Page or the Active Flight Plan Window:
AFCS
1) Press the MENU Key.
2) Highlight ‘Store Flight Plan’.
3) Press the ENT Key.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
4) With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key. The flight plan is stored in the next available position in the flight
plan list on the Flight Plan Catalog Page.
SORT FLIGHT PLANS
APPENDICES
The stored flight plans can be sorted alphanumerically based on the flight plan name (comment) assigned
to each flight plan.
Sorting by flight plan name (comment):
1) Press the FPL Key and turn the small FMS Knob to display the Flight Plan Catalog Page.
INDEX
2) Press the MENU Key.
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OVERVIEW
3) Highlight ‘Sort By Comment’ and press the ENT Key. A confirmation window is displayed.
4) With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key to change flight plan ordering. To cancel the request, press the CLR
Key, or highlight ‘CANCEL’ and press the ENT Key.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
ACTIVATE A FLIGHT PLAN
Activating a stored flight plan erases the active flight plan and replaces it with the flight plan being activated.
Inverting a stored flight plan reverses the waypoint order and activates it.
Activating a stored flight plan on the MFD:
EIS
1) Press the FPL Key and turn the small FMS Knob to display the Flight Plan Catalog Page.
2) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor, and turn the FMS Knob to highlight the desired flight plan.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
3) Press the ACTIVE Softkey; or press the MENU Key, highlight ‘Activate Flight Plan’, and press the ENT Key. The
‘Activate Stored Flight Plan?’ window is displayed.
4) With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key. To cancel the request, press the CLR Key, or highlight ‘CANCEL’ and
press the ENT Key.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Inverting and activating a stored flight plan on the MFD:
1) Press the FPL Key and turn the small FMS Knob to display the Flight Plan Catalog Page.
2) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor, and turn the FMS Knob to highlight the desired flight plan.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
3) Press the INVERT Softkey; or press the MENU Key, highlight ‘Invert & activate FPL?’, and press the ENT Key.
The ‘Invert and activate stored flight plan?’ window is displayed.
4) With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key. To cancel the request, press the CLR Key, or highlight ‘CANCEL’ and
press the ENT Key.
COPY A FLIGHT PLAN
AFCS
The G1000 allows copying a flight plan into a new flight plan memory slot, allowing editing, etc., without
affecting the original flight plan. This can be used to duplicate an existing stored flight plan for use in creating
a modified version of the original stored flight plan.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Copying a stored flight plan on the MFD:
1) Press the FPL Key and turn the small FMS Knob to display the Flight Plan Catalog Page.
2) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor, and turn the FMS Knob to highlight the desired flight plan.
APPENDICES
3) Press the COPY Softkey; or press the MENU Key, highlight ‘Copy Flight Plan’, and press the ENT Key. The ‘Copy
to Flight Plan XX?’ window is displayed.
4) With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key to copy the flight plan. To cancel the request, press the CLR Key, or
highlight ‘CANCEL’ and press the ENT Key.
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
FLIGHT MANAGEMENT
DELETE A STORED FLIGHT PLAN
Individual or all stored flight plans can be deleted from the G1000 memory.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Deleting a stored flight plan:
1) Press the FPL Key and turn the small FMS Knob to display the Flight Plan Catalog Page.
2) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor, and turn the FMS Knob to highlight the desired flight plan.
3) Press the DELETE Softkey; press the CLR Key; or press the MENU Key, highlight ‘Delete Flight Plan’, and press
the ENT Key. The ‘Delete Flight Plan XX?’ window is displayed.
EIS
4) With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key to delete the flight plan. To cancel the request, press the CLR Key, or
highlight ‘CANCEL’ and press the ENT Key.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Deleting all stored flight plans:
1) Press the FPL Key and turn the small FMS Knob to display the Flight Plan Catalog Page.
2) Press the MENU Key.
3) Highlight ‘Delete All’ and press the ENT Key. A ‘Delete all flight plans?’ confirmation window is displayed.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
4) With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key to delete all flight plans. To cancel the request, press the CLR Key, or
highlight ‘CANCEL’ and press the ENT Key.
FLIGHT PLAN EDITING
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
The active flight plan or any stored flight plan can be edited. The edits made to the active flight plan affect
navigation as soon as they are entered.
DELETING THE ACTIVE FLIGHT PLAN
AFCS
The G1000 allows deleting an active flight plan. Deleting the active flight plan suspends navigation by the
G1000.
Deleting the active flight plan:
1) Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page (MFD) or the Active Flight Plan Window (PFD).
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
2) Press the MENU Key, highlight ‘Delete Flight Plan’, and press the ENT Key. The ‘Delete all waypoints in flight
plan?’ window is displayed.
3) With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key to delete the active flight plan. To cancel the request, press the CLR
Key, or highlight ‘CANCEL’ and press the ENT Key.
APPENDICES
DELETING FLIGHT PLAN ITEMS
Individual waypoints, entire airways, and entire procedures can be deleted from a flight plan. Some waypoints
in the final approach segment (such as the FAF or MAP) can not be deleted individually. Attempting to delete
a waypoint that is not allowed results in a window displaying ‘Invalid flight plan modification.’
INDEX
Deleting an individual waypoint from the active flight plan:
1) Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page (MFD) or the Active Flight Plan Window (PFD).
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OVERVIEW
2) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor (not required on the PFD) and turn the large FMS Knob to highlight
the waypoint to be deleted.
3) Press the CLR Key. The ‘Remove XXXXX?’ window is displayed.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
4) With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key. To cancel the request, press the CLR Key, or highlight ‘CANCEL’ and
press the ENT Key.
Deleting an entire airway from the active flight plan:
1) Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page (MFD) or the Active Flight Plan Window (PFD).
EIS
2) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor (not required on the PFD) and turn the large FMS Knob to highlight
the white header of the airway to be deleted.
3) Press the CLR Key. The ‘Remove <airway name>?’ window is displayed.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
4) With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key. To cancel the request, press the CLR Key, or highlight ‘CANCEL’ and
press the ENT Key.
Deleting an entire procedure from the active flight plan:
1) Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page (MFD) or the Active Flight Plan Window (PFD).
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
2) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor (not required on the PFD) and turn the large FMS Knob to highlight
the white header of the procedure to be deleted.
3) Press the CLR Key. The ‘Remove <procedure name> from flight plan?’ window is displayed.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
4) With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key. To cancel the request, press the CLR Key, or highlight ‘CANCEL’ and
press the ENT Key.
Or:
1) Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page (MFD) or the Active Flight Plan Window (PFD).
2) Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu and turn the FMS Knob to highlight ‘Remove <procedure>’.
AFCS
3) Press the ENT Key. The ‘Remove <procedure name> from flight plan?’ window is displayed.
4) With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key. To cancel the request, press the CLR Key, or highlight ‘CANCEL’ and
press the ENT Key.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Deleting an individual waypoint from a stored flight plan:
1) Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob clockwise one click to display the Flight Plan Catalog Page.
APPENDICES
3) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor and turn the FMS Knob to highlight the flight plan to be edited.
4) Press the EDIT Softkey; or press the MENU Key, select ‘Edit Flight Plan’ and press the ENT Key. The Stored
Flight Plan Page is displayed.
5) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the waypoint to be deleted.
INDEX
6) Press the CLR Key. The ‘Remove XXXXX?’ window is displayed.
7) With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key. To cancel the request, press the CLR Key, or highlight ‘CANCEL’ and
press the ENT Key.
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
FLIGHT MANAGEMENT
Deleting an entire airway from a stored flight plan:
1) Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
2) Turn the small FMS Knob clockwise one click to display the Flight Plan Catalog Page.
3) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor and turn the FMS Knob to highlight the flight plan to be edited.
4) Press the EDIT Softkey; or press the MENU Key, select ‘Edit Flight Plan’ and press the ENT Key. The Stored
Flight Plan Page is displayed.
5) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the white header of the airway to be deleted.
EIS
6) Press the CLR Key. The ‘Remove <airway name>?’ window is displayed.
7) With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key. To cancel the request, press the CLR Key, or highlight ‘CANCEL’ and
press the ENT Key.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Deleting an entire procedure from a stored flight plan:
1) Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob clockwise one click to display the Flight Plan Catalog Page.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
3) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor and turn the FMS Knob to highlight the flight plan to be edited.
4) Press the EDIT Softkey; or press the MENU Key, select ‘Edit Flight Plan’ and press the ENT Key. The Stored
Flight Plan Page is displayed.
5) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the white header of the procedure to be deleted.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
6) Press the CLR Key. The ‘Remove <procedure name> from flight plan?’ window is displayed.
7) With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key. To cancel the request, press the CLR Key, or highlight ‘CANCEL’ and
press the ENT Key.
Or:
AFCS
1) Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob clockwise one click to display the Flight Plan Catalog Page.
3) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor and turn the FMS Knob to highlight the flight plan to be edited.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
4) Press the EDIT Softkey; or press the MENU Key, select ‘Edit Flight Plan’ and press the ENT Key. The Stored
Flight Plan Page is displayed.
5) Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu and turn the FMS Knob to highlight ‘Remove <procedure>’.
6) Press the ENT Key. The ‘Remove <procedure name> from flight plan?’ window is displayed.
INDEX
APPENDICES
7) With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key. To cancel the request, press the CLR Key, or highlight ‘CANCEL’ and
press the ENT Key.
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
CHANGING FLIGHT PLAN COMMENTS (NAMES)
The comment field (or name) of each flight plan can be changed to something that is useful for identification
and sorting.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Changing the active flight plan comment:
1) Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page.
2) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor and turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the comment field.
3) Use the FMS Knobs to edit the comment.
EIS
4) Press the ENT Key to accept the changes.
Changing a stored flight plan comment:
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
1) Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob clockwise one click to display the Flight Plan Catalog Page.
3) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor and turn the FMS Knob to highlight the flight plan to be edited.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
4) Press the EDIT Softkey; or press the MENU Key, select ‘Edit Flight Plan’ and press the ENT Key. The Stored
Flight Plan Page is displayed.
5) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the comment field.
6) Use the FMS Knobs to edit the comment.
7) Press the ENT Key to accept the changes.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
ALONG TRACK OFFSETS
AFCS
A waypoint having an “along track offset” distance from an existing waypoint can be entered into a flight plan.
Along track offset waypoints lie along the path of the existing flight plan, and can be used to make the system
reach a specified altitude before or after reaching the specified flight plan waypoint. Offset distances can be
entered from 1 to 99 nm in increments of 1 nm. Entering a negative offset distance results in an along track
offset waypoint inserted before the selected waypoint, whereas entering a positive offset distance results in an
along track offset waypoint inserted after the selected waypoint. Multiple offset waypoints are allowed.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
A waypoint must be adjacent to its parent waypoint in the flight plan, so the system limits the along-track
distance to less than the length of the leg before or after the selected waypoint. If the selected waypoint is the
active waypoint, the distance is limited to less than the distance to go to the active waypoint. Assigning an along
track offset to a leg with indeterminate length is not permitted. An along track offset is not allowed at or after
the final approach fix of an approach.
APPENDICES
An along track offset distance cannot be modified once entered. If the along track offset distance must be
changed, the existing along track offset waypoint must be deleted and a new one created with the new offset
distance.
INDEX
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FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
FLIGHT MANAGEMENT
Along Track Offset
Waypoint and
Distance from Flight
Plan Waypoint
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EIS
Along Track
Offset Waypoint
and Distance
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Figure 5-73 Along Track Offset
Entering an along track offset distance:
1) Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page (MFD) or the Active Flight Plan Window (PFD).
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
2) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor (not required on the PFD) and turn the large FMS Knob to highlight
the waypoint for the along track offset.
3) Press the ATK OFST Softkey (MFD only); or press the MENU Key, highlight ‘Create ATK Offset Waypoint’, and
press the ENT Key.
4) Enter a positive or negative offset distance in the range of +/- 1 to 99 nm.
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
5) Press the ENT Key to create the offset waypoint.
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
PARALLEL TRACK
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The Parallel Track (PTK) feature allows creation of a parallel course offset of 1 to 50 nm left or right of the
current flight plan. When Parallel Track is activated, the course line drawn on the map pages shows the parallel
course, and waypoint names have a lower case “p” placed after the identifier.
Using direct-to, loading an approach, a holding pattern, or editing and activating the flight plan automatically
cancels Parallel Track. Parallel Track is also cancelled if a course change occurs greater than 120° or the parallel
tracks overlap as a result of the course change.
NOTE: Vertical navigation is unavailable while the Parallel Track feature is active.
EIS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Active Flight Plan prior to
Parallel Track
Selecting Parallel
Track
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
AFCS
Figure 5-74 Active Flight Plan Window - Selecting Parallel Track
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Activating parallel track:
1) Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page (MFD) or the Active Flight Plan Window (PFD)
APPENDICES
2) Press the MENU Key, highlight ‘Parallel Track’, and press the ENT Key. The Parallel Track Window is displayed
with the direction field highlighted.
3) Turn the small FMS Knob to select ‘Left’ or ‘Right’ and press the ENT Key. The ‘DISTANCE’ field is highlighted.
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to enter a distance from 1-99 nm and press the ENT Key. ‘ACTIVATE PARALLEL
TRACK’ is highlighted.
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INDEX
5) Press the ENT Key to activate parallel track. Press the FMS Knob or the CLR Key to cancel the parallel track
activation.
209
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
FLIGHT MANAGEMENT
Offset Direction
Offset Distance
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EIS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Activation Prompt
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure 5-75 Parallel Track Window
AFCS
Parallel Track Waypoints
- TIFTO-p
- TOP-p
- SLN-p
- HYS-p
- LAA-p
Activating Parallel Track
affects the entire active
flight segment (e.g.,
enroute)
Parallel Track
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Original Track
Figure 5-76 Parallel Track Active
INDEX
If the parallel track proposed by the offset direction and distance is not allowed by the system, the activation
prompt is displayed, but disabled. Parallel Track cannot be activated if a course is set using direct-to or if the
active leg is the first leg of the departure procedure. Attempting to activate parallel track with these conditions
results in the message ‘Parallel Track Unavailable Invalid Route Geometry’. If an approach leg is active the status
indicates that the system is unable to activate the parallel track with the message ‘Parallel Track Unavailable
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FLIGHT MANAGEMENT
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Approach Leg Active’. If the offset direction and distance results in an unreasonable route geometry the status
indicates that the system is unable to activate the parallel track because of invalid geometry.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Subdued Prompt
(Unavailable)
Unavailable Status
Approach
Active
EIS
Invalid
Geometry
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Figure 5-77 Parallel Track Unavailable
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
If the active leg is not a track between two fixes (TF) or a course to a fix (DF) leg, the status
indicates that the system is unable to activate the parallel track because parallel track is not available for the
active leg type.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Offset Direction &
Distance Subdued
(Unavailable)
Cancel Prompt
AFCS
Active Status
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
Figure 5-78 Cancelling Parallel Track
Cancelling parallel track:
1) Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page (MFD) or the Active Flight Plan Window (PFD)
INDEX
2) Press the MENU Key, highlight ‘Parallel Track’, and press the ENT Key. The Parallel Track Window is displayed
with ‘CANCEL PARALLEL TRACK?’ highlighted.
3) Press the ENT Key.
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
ACTIVATING A FLIGHT PLAN LEG
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
FLIGHT MANAGEMENT
Activating a flight plan leg:
The G1000 allows selection of a highlighted leg as the “active leg” (the flight plan leg which is currently
used for navigation guidance).
1) Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page (MFD) or the Active Flight Plan Window (PFD)
2) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor (not required on the PFD) and turn the large FMS Knob to highlight
the destination waypoint for the desired leg.
EIS
3) Press the ACT LEG Softkey (MFD only); or press the MENU Key, highlight ‘Activate Leg’, and press the ENT Key.
A confirmation window is displayed with ‘ACTIVATE’ highlighted.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
4) Press the ENT Key to activate the flight plan leg. To cancel, press the CLR Key, or highlight ‘CANCEL’ and press
the ENT Key.
Current Active Leg
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Selected Destination
Waypoint
Activate Leg Softkey
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Figure 5-79 Active Flight Plan Page - Selecting the Leg Destination Waypoint
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
New Active
Flight Plan Leg
EIS
Confirmation Window
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Figure 5-80 Active Flight Plan Page - New Active Leg
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
INVERTING A FLIGHT PLAN
Any flight plan may be inverted (reversed) for navigation back to the original departure point.
Inverting the active flight plan:
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
1) Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page (MFD) or the Active Flight Plan Window (PFD)
2) Press the MENU Key, highlight ‘Invert Flight Plan’, and press the ENT Key. An ‘Invert Active Flight Plan?’
confirmation window is displayed.
3) Select ‘OK’.
AFCS
4) Press the ENT Key to invert and activate the active flight plan. To cancel, press the CLR Key, or highlight
‘CANCEL’ and press the ENT Key.
Inverting and activating a stored flight plan:
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
1) Press the FPL Key on the MFD to display the Active Flight Plan Page.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob clockwise one click to display the Flight Plan Catalog Page.
3) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor and turn the FMS Knob to highlight the flight plan to be inverted.
APPENDICES
4) Press the INVERT Softkey; or press the MENU Key, select ‘Invert & Activate Flight Plan’ and press the ENT Key.
An ‘Invert and activate stored flight plan?’ confirmation window is displayed.
5) Select ‘OK’.
6) Press the ENT Key to invert and activate the stored flight plan. To cancel, press the CLR Key, or highlight
‘CANCEL’ and press the ENT Key.
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
FLIGHT MANAGEMENT
FLIGHT PLAN VIEWS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Information about flight plans can be viewed in more than one way. The active flight plan can be configured
to show cumulative distance over the length of the flight plan or the distance for each leg of the flight plan;
and the active flight plan can be viewed in a narrow or wide view. In the wide view, additional information is
displayed: Fuel Remaining (FUEL REM), Estimated Time Enroute (ETE), Estimated Time of Arrival (ETA), and
Bearing to the waypoint (BRG).
Switching between leg-to-leg waypoint distance and cumulative waypoint distance:
1) Press the FPL Key on the MFD to display the Active Flight Plan Page.
EIS
2) Press the VIEW Softkey to display the CUM and LEG-LEG Softkeys.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
3) Press the CUM Softkey to view cumulative waypoint distance, or press the LEG-LEG Softkey to view leg-to-leg
waypoint distance.
4) Press the BACK Softkey to return to the top level active flight plan softkeys.
Active Flight Plan Cumulative Distance
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Active Flight Plan Leg to Leg Distance
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
WIDE Softkey, NARROW Softkey, LEG-LEG Softkey, CUM Softkey
Figure 5-81 Active Flight Plan - Leg to Leg vs. Cumulative Distance
Switching between wide and narrow view:
APPENDICES
1) Press the FPL Key on the MFD to display the Active Flight Plan Page.
2) Press the VIEW Softkey to display the WIDE and NARROW Softkeys.
3) Press the WIDE Softkey to display the wide view, or press the NARROW Softkey to display the narrow view.
INDEX
4) Press the BACK Softkey to return to the top level active flight plan softkeys.
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Active Flight Plan Narrow View
Active Flight Plan Wide View
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
EIS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
WIDE Softkey, NARROW Softkey, LEG-LEG Softkey, CUM Softkey
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Figure 5-82 Active Flight Plan - Wide vs. Narrow View
COLLAPSING AIRWAYS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
The G1000 allows airways on the active flight plan to be collapsed or expanded from the Active Flight Plan
Page/Window. When airways have been collapsed, it is indicated on the airway heading.
When airways are collapsed, leg-to-leg computed values such as DIS or ETE shown for the exit waypoint
reflects the total of all the legs on the airway that have been hidden in the collapsed display. The DTK value is
inhibited because it is not usable in this context.
AFCS
The Active Flight Plan Page always keeps the following three waypoints visible: “From” waypoint, “To”
waypoint, and the “Next” waypoint. To prevent one or more of these waypoints from being hidden in a collapsed
airway segment, the airway segment that contains either the “To” or the “Next” waypoint is automatically
expanded. When an airway is loaded, airways are automatically expanded to facilitate flight plan review.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Q3.FEPOT Airway
Collapsed View
Expanded View
APPENDICES
INDEX
Figure 5-83 Expanded/Collapsed Airways
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
FLIGHT MANAGEMENT
Collapsing/expanding the airways in the active flight plan:
1) Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page (MFD) or the Active Flight Plan Window (PFD)
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
2) Press the MENU Key, highlight ‘Collapse Airways’ or ‘Expand Airways’, and press the ENT Key. The airways are
collapsed/expanded.
CLOSEST POINT OF FPL
EIS
‘Closest Point of FPL’ calculates the bearing and closest distance at which a flight plan passes a reference
waypoint, and creates a new user waypoint along the flight plan at the location closest to a chosen reference
waypoint.
Determining the closest point along the active flight plan to a selected waypoint:
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
1) Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page (MFD) or the Active Flight Plan Window (PFD)
2) Press the MENU Key, highlight ‘Closest Point of FPL’’, and press the ENT Key. A window appears with the
reference waypoint field highlighted.
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
3) Enter the identifier of the reference waypoint and press the ENT Key. The G1000 displays the bearing (BRG) and
distance (DIS) to the closest point along the flight plan to the selected reference waypoint and creates a user
waypoint at this location. The name for the new user waypoint is derived from the identifier of the reference
waypoint.
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
5.7 VERTICAL NAVIGATION
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
NOTE: The G1000 supports vertical navigation for all lateral leg types except for CA, CI, FA, FM, HA, HM, PI,
VA, VD, VI, VR, and VM. Vertical constraints are not retained in stored flight plans.
Current Vertical Navigation Profile
EIS
The G1000 system Vertical Navigation (VNV) feature provides vertical profile guidance during the enroute
and teminal phases of flight. Guidance based on specified altitudes at waypoints in the active flight plan or to a
direct-to waypoint is provided. It includes vertical path guidance to a descending path, which is provided as a
linear deviation from the desired path. The desired path is defined by a line joining two waypoints with specified
altitudes or as a vertical angle from a specified waypoint/altitude. The vertical waypoints are integrated into the
active flight plan Both manual and autopilot-coupled guidance are supported.
Current Vertical Navigation Profile
Enabled (valid data)
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Disabled (fields dashed)
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
AFCS
ENBL VNV Softkey
CNCL VNV Softkey
Figure 5-84 Enabling/Disabling Vertical Navigation
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Enabling VNV guidance:
1) Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page on the MFD.
APPENDICES
2) Press the ENBL VNV Softkey; or press the MENU Key, highlight ‘Enable VNV’, and press the ENT Key. Vertical
navigation is enabled, and vertical guidance begins with the waypoint shown in the CURRENT VNV PROFILE box
(defaults first waypoint in the active flight plan with an altitude enabled for vertical navigation (e.g., HABUK)).
Disabling VNV guidance:
1) Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page on the MFD.
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INDEX
2) Press the CNCL VNV Softkey; or press the MENU Key, highlight ‘Cancel VNV’, and press the ENT Key. Vertical
navigation is disabled.
217
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
FLIGHT MANAGEMENT
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Canceling vertical navigation results in vertical deviation (V DEV), vertical speed required (VS REQ), and time
to top of descent/bottom of descent (TIME TO TOD/BOD) going invalid. The Vertical Deviation Indicator (VDI)
and Required Vertical Speed Indication (RVSI) on the PFD are removed, and the V DEV, VS REQ, and TIME TO
TOD items displayed in the CURRENT VNV PROFILE box are dashed. VNV remains disabled until manually
enabled. Vertical guidance in reversionary mode can only be enabled for a direct-to waypoint.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EIS
The G1000 allows a vertical navigation direct-to to any waypoint in the active flight plan with an altitude
constraint “designated” for vertical guidance. Pressing the VNV Direct-to Softkey on the Active Flight Plan Page
allows the flight plan to be flown, while vertical guidance based on the altitude constraint at the VNV direct-to
waypoint is provided. The altitude change begins immediately and is spread along the flight plan from current
position to the vertical direct-to waypoint, not just along the leg for the direct-to waypoint. A direct-to with
altitude constraint activated by pressing the Direct-to Key also provides vertical guidance, but would bypass
flight plan waypoints between the current position in the flight plan and the direct-to waypoint. A top of descent
(TOD) point is computed based on the default flight path angle; descent begins once the TOD is reached.
Current Vertical Navigation Profile
Current Vertical Navigation Profile
After VNV Direct-to
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Prior to VNV Direct-to
VNV Direct-To Softkey
VNV PROF Softkey
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Figure 5-85 Vertical Navigation Direct-To
Activating a vertical navigation direct-to:
1) Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page on the MFD.
APPENDICES
2) Turn the FMS Knob to highlight the desired waypoint.
NOTE: The selected waypoint must have a designated altitude constraint (light blue number) to be used. If
not, the first waypoint in the flight plan with a designated altitude constraint is selected.
INDEX
3) Press the VNV Direct-To Softkey; or press the MENU Key, highlight ‘VNV Direct-To’, and press the ENT Key.
An ‘Activate vertical Direct-to to: NNNNNFT at XXXXXX?’ confirmation window is displayed.
4) Press the ENT Key. Vertical guidance begins to the altitude constraint for the selected waypoint.
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FLIGHT MANAGEMENT
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
The vertical navigation profile can be modified by directly entering a vertical speed target (VS TGT) and/or flight
path angle (FPA) in the CURRENT VNV PROFILE box.
Modifying the VS TGT and FPA:
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
1) Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page on the MFD.
2) Press the VNV PROF Softkey; or press the MENU Key, highlight ‘Select VNV Profile Window’, and press the ENT
Key. The cursor is now located in the CURRENT VNV PROFILE box without having to scroll all the way through
past the end of the active flight plan.
3) Turn the FMS Knobs as needed to edit the values.
EIS
ALTITUDE CONSTRAINTS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
The G1000 system can use altitude constraints associated with lateral waypoints to give guidance for vertical
navigation. These altitudes are, depending on the specific instance, manually entered or retrieved from the
published altitudes in the navigation database. The navigation database only contains altitudes for procedures
that call for “Cross at” altitudes. If the procedure states “Expect to cross at,” then the altitude is not in the
database. In this case the altitude may be entered manually.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Displayed Text
Examples
Cross AT
or ABOVE
5,000 ft
Large White Text
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Large Light Blue Text
Cross AT
2,300 ft
Small Light Blue Text
Cross AT
or BELOW
3,000 ft
Small Light Blue
Subdued Text
AFCS
Altitude Constraint
Examples
Small White Text with
Altitude Restriction Bar
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Figure 5-86 Waypoint Altitude Constraints
APPENDICES
INDEX
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219
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
FLIGHT MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EIS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
White Text
Light Blue Text
Light Blue Subdued Text
Large Altitude calculated by the system
Text estimating the altitude of the aircraft as
it passes over the navigation point. This
altitude is provided as a reference and is
not designated to be used in determining
vertical speed and deviation guidance.
Altitude has been entered manually.
Altitude is designated for use in giving
vertical speed and deviation guidance.
Altitude does not match the published
altitude in navigation database or no
published altitude exists.
The system cannot use this
altitude in determining vertical
speed and deviation guidance
because of an invalid constraint
condition
Small
Text
Altitude is designated for use in giving
vertical speed and deviation guidance.
Altitude has been retrieved from the
navigation database or has been entered
manually and matches a published
altitude in the navigation database.
The system cannot use this
altitude in determining vertical
speed and deviation guidance
because of an invalid constraint
condition
Altitude is not designated to be used in
determining vertical speed and deviation
guidance. Altitude has been retrieved
from the navigation database and is
provided as a reference.
Table 5-8 Altitude Constraint Size and Color Coding
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Altitudes associated with arrival and approach procedures are “auto-designated”. This means the system
automatically uses the altitudes loaded with the arrival and the approach for giving vertical speed and deviation
guidance. Note that these altitudes are displayed as blue text up to, but not including the FAF. The FAF is
always a “reference only” altitude and cannot be designated, unless the selected approach does not provide
vertical guidance. In this case, the FAF altitude can be designated.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Altitudes that have been designated for use in vertical guidance can be “un-designated” using the CLR Key.
The altitude is now displayed only as a reference. It is not used to give vertical guidance. Other displayed
altitudes may change due to re-calculations or be rendered invalid as a result of manually changing an altitude
to a non-designated altitude.
Designating a waypoint altitude to be used for vertical guidance:
1) Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page on the MFD.
AFCS
2) Press the FMS Knob, and turn to highlight the desired waypoint altitude.
3) Turn the small FMS Knob to enter editing mode.
4) Press the ENT Key. The altitude is now shown in blue, indicating it is usable for vertical guidance.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Designating a procedure waypoint altitude to be used for vertical guidance:
1) Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page on the MFD.
2) Press the FMS Knob, and turn to highlight the desired waypoint altitude.
APPENDICES
3) Press the ENT Key. The altitude is now shown in blue, indicating it is usable for vertical guidance.
INDEX
Altitude constraints are displayed and entered in feet mean sea level (MSL) values to the nearest hundred. An
altitude constraint in feet above ground level (AGL) format is supported for airports. When a database altitude
restriction is displayed, the G1000 allows entry of a different altitude when creating a waypoint, effectively
overriding the database restriction (only before the FAF). When a database altitude restriction of type “AT or
ABOVE” or “AT or BELOW” is activated, the system uses the “AT” portion of the restriction to define the vertical
profile.
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FLIGHT MANAGEMENT
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
An altitude constraint is invalid if:
• Meeting the constraint requires the aircraft to climb
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
• Meeting the constraint requires the maximum flight path angle (6° down) or maximum vertical speed (-6000
fpm) to be exceeded
• The altitude constraint results in a TOD behind the aircraft present position
• The constraint is within a leg type for which altitude constraints are not supported
• The altitude constraint is added to the FAF of an approach that provides vertical guidance (i.e., ILS or GPS
WAAS approach)
EIS
• The altitude constraint is added to a waypoint past the FAF.
Entering/modifiying an altitude constraint:
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
1) Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page on the MFD.
2) Press the FMS Knob, and turn to highlight the desired waypoint altitude constraint.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
3) Enter an altitude constraint value using the FMS Knobs. To enter altitudes as a flight level, turn the small
FMS Knob counter-clockwise past zero or clockwise past 9 on the first character, and the system automatically
changes to show units of Flight Level. Turn the large FMS Knob clockwise to highlight the first zero and enter
the three digit flight level.
4) Press the ENT Key to accept the altitude constraint; if the selected waypoint is an airport, an additional choice
is displayed. Turn the small FMS Knob to choose ‘MSL’ or ‘AGL’, and press the ENT Key to accept the altitude.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Altitude constraints can be modified or deleted after having been added to the flight plan. In the event
an altitude constraint is deleted and the navigation database contains an altitude restriction for the lateral
waypoint, the G1000 displays the altitude restriction from the database provided no predicted altitude
can be provided. The G1000 also provides a way to reinstate a published altitude constraint that has been
edited.
AFCS
Deleting an altitude constraint provided by the navigation database:
1) Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page on the MFD.
2) Press the FMS Knob, and turn to highlight the desired waypoint altitude constraint.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
3) Press the CLR Key. A ‘Remove VNV altitude constraint?’ confirmation window is displayed.
4) Select ‘OK’ and press the ENT Key.
Deleting an altitude constraint that has been manually entered:
APPENDICES
1) Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page on the MFD.
2) Press the FMS Knob, and turn to highlight the desired waypoint altitude constraint.
3) Press the CLR Key. A ‘Remove or Revert to published VNV altitude of nnnnnFT?’ confirmation window is
displayed.
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INDEX
4) Select ‘REMOVE’ and press the ENT Key. The manually entered altitude is deleted (it is replaced by a system
calculated altitude, if available).
221
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
FLIGHT MANAGEMENT
Reverting a manually entered altitude constraint back to the navigation database value:
1) Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page on the MFD.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
2) Press the FMS Knob, and turn to highlight the desired waypoint altitude constraint.
3) Press the CLR Key. A ‘Remove or Revert to published VNV altitude of nnnnnFT?’ confirmation window is
displayed.
4) Select ‘REVERT’ and press the ENT Key. The altitude is changed to the navigation database value.
Modifying a system calculated altitude constraint:
EIS
1) Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page on the MFD.
2) Press the FMS Knob, and turn to highlight the desired waypoint altitude constraint.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
3) Press the CLR Key. An ‘Edit or Revert to published VNV altitude of nnnnnFT?’ confirmation window is
displayed.
4) Select ‘EDIT’ and press the ENT Key.
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
5) Edit the value using the FMS Knobs, and press the ENT Key.
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
5.8 PROCEDURES
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The G1000 can access the whole range of instrument procedures available. Departures (DPs), arrivals (STARs),
and non-precision and precision approaches (APPR) are stored within the database and can be loaded using the
Procedures (PROC) Key.
EIS
The selected procedure for the departure or arrival airport is added to the active flight plan. No waypoints are
required to be in the active flight plan to load procedures; however, if the departure and arrival airport are already
loaded, the procedure loading window defaults to the appropriate airport, saving some time selecting the correct
airport on the Procedure Loading Page. Whenever an approach is selected, the choice to either “load” or “activate”
is given. “Loading” adds the approach to the end of the flight plan without immediately using it for navigation
guidance. This allows continued navigation via the intermediate waypoints in the original flight plan, but keeps
the procedure available on the Active Flight Plan Page for quick activation when needed. “Activating” also adds
the procedure to the end of the flight plan but immediately begins to provide guidance to the first waypoint in
the approach.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
DEPARTURES
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
A Departure Procedure (DP) is loaded at the departure airport in the flight plan. Only one departure can be
loaded at a time in a flight plan. If a departure is loaded when another departure is already in the active flight
plan, the new departure replaces the previous departure. The route is defined by selection of a departure, the
transition waypoints, and a runway.
LOADING A DEPARTURE INTO THE ACTIVE FLIGHT PLAN
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Loading a departure into the active flight plan using the PROC Key:
1) Press the PROC Key. The Procedures Window is displayed.
2) Highlight ‘SELECT DEPARTURE’.
3) Press the ENT Key. The Departure Loading Page is displayed.
AFCS
4) Select a departure from the list and press the ENT Key.
6) Select a runway (if required) and press the ENT Key.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
7) Select a transition (if required) and press the ENT Key. ‘LOAD?’ is highlighted.
8) Press the ENT Key to load the departure procedure.
APPENDICES
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
FLIGHT MANAGEMENT
Departure Airport
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EIS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Available Procedure Actions
Loaded Procedures
Departure Preview
Departure Choices
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Figure 5-87 Departure Selection
Loaded Departure
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Selected Departure
Procedure Loading Page Selection Softkeys
INDEX
APPENDICES
Figure 5-88 Departure Loading
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Viewing available departures at an airport:
1) From the Airport Information Page (first page in the WPT group), press the DP Softkey. The Departure Information
Page is displayed, defaulting to the airport displayed on the Airport information Page.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
2) To select another airport, press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor, enter an identifier/facility name/city, and
press the ENT Key.
3) Press the FMS Knob, then turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the Departure. The departure is previewed on
the map.
EIS
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to view the available departures. Press the ENT Key to select the departure. The cursor
moves to the Runway box. The departure is previewed on the map.
5) Turn the small FMS Knob to view the available runways. Press the ENT Key to select the runway. The cursor
moves to the Transition box. The departure is previewed on the map.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
6) Turn the small FMS Knob to view the available transitions. Press the ENT Key to select the transition. The cursor
moves to the Sequence box. The departure is previewed on the map.
7) Press the INFO Softkey to return to the Airport Information Page.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
REMOVING A DEPARTURE FROM THE ACTIVE FLIGHT PLAN
When plans change while flying IFR, departures can be easily removed from the Active Flight Plan.
Removing a departure procedure from the active flight plan:
1) Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page (MFD) or the Active Flight Plan Window (PFD)
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
2) Press the MENU Key, and highlight ‘Remove Departure’.
3) Press the ENT Key. A confirmation window is displayed listing the departure procedure.
4) With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key. To cancel the removal request, highlight ‘CANCEL’ and press the ENT
Key.
AFCS
Or:
1) Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page (MFD) or the Active Flight Plan Window (PFD)
2) Press the FMS Knob, and turn to highlight the departure header in the active flight plan.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
3) Press the CLR Key. A confirmation window is displayed listing the departure procedure.
4) With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key. To cancel the removal request, highlight ‘CANCEL’ and press the ENT
Key.
APPENDICES
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
FLIGHT MANAGEMENT
ARRIVALS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
A Standard Terminal Arrival (STAR) can be loaded at any airport that has one available. Only one arrival
can be loaded at a time in a flight plan. If an arrival is loaded when another arrival is already in the active
flight plan, the new arrival replaces the previous arrival. The route is defined by selection of an arrival, the
transition waypoints, and a runway.
LOADING AN ARRIVAL INTO THE ACTIVE FLIGHT PLAN
Loading an arrival into the active flight plan using the PROC Key:
EIS
1) Press the PROC Key. The Procedures Window is displayed.
2) Highlight ‘SELECT ARRIVAL’.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
4) Select an arrival from the list and press the ENT Key.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
3) Press the ENT Key. The Arrival Loading Page is displayed.
8) Press the ENT Key to load the arrival procedure.
6) Select a transition (if required) and press the ENT Key.
7) Select a runway (if required) and press the ENT Key. ‘LOAD?’ is highlighted.
Available Procedure Actions
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Destination Airport
Loaded Procedures
Arrival Preview
Arrival Choices
INDEX
APPENDICES
Figure 5-89 Arrival Selection
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Selected Arrival
Loaded Arrival
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
EIS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Procedure Loading Page Selection Softkeys
Figure 5-90 Arrival Loading
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Viewing available arrivals at an airport:
1) From the Airport Information Page (first page in the WPT group), press the STAR Softkey. The Arrival Information
Page is displayed, defaulting to the airport displayed on the Airport Information Page.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
2) To select another airport, press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor, enter an identifier/facility name/city, and
press the ENT Key.
3) Press the FMS Knob, then turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the Arrival. The arrival is previewed on the
map.
AFCS
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to view the available arrivals. Press the ENT Key to select the arrival. The cursor moves
to the Transition box. The arrival is previewed on the map.
5) Turn the small FMS Knob to view the available transitions. Press the ENT Key to select the transition. The cursor
moves to the Runway box. The arrival is previewed on the map.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
6) Turn the small FMS Knob to view the available runways. Press the ENT Key to select the runway. The cursor
moves to the Sequence box. The arrival is previewed on the map.
7) Press the INFO Softkey to return to the Airport Information Page.
APPENDICES
REMOVING AN ARRIVAL FROM THE ACTIVE FLIGHT PLAN
When plans change while flying IFR, arrivals can be easily removed from the Active Flight Plan.
Removing an arrival from the active flight plan:
1) Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page (MFD) or the Active Flight Plan Window (PFD)
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INDEX
2) Press the MENU Key, and highlight ‘Remove Arrival’.
227
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
FLIGHT MANAGEMENT
3) Press the ENT Key. A confirmation window is displayed listing the arrival procedure.
4) With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key. To cancel the removal request, highlight ‘CANCEL’ and press the ENT
Key.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Or:
1) Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page (MFD) or the Active Flight Plan Window (PFD)
2) Press the FMS Knob, and turn to highlight the arrival header in the active flight plan.
3) Press the CLR Key. A confirmation window is displayed listing the arrival procedure.
EIS
4) With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key. To cancel the removal request, highlight ‘CANCEL’ and press the ENT
Key.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
APPROACHES
NOTE: If certain GPS parameters (WAAS, RAIM, etc.) are not available, some published approach procedures
for the desired airport may not be displayed in the list of available approaches.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
An Approach Procedure (APPR) can be loaded at any airport that has one available, and provides guidance
for non-precision and precision approaches to airports with published instrument approach procedures.
Only one approach can be loaded at a time in a flight plan. If an approach is loaded when another approach
is already in the active flight plan, the new approach replaces the previous approach. The route is defined by
selection of an approach and the transition waypoints.
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Whenever an approach is selected, the choice to either “load” or “activate” is given. “Loading” adds the
approach to the end of the flight plan without immediately using it for navigation guidance. This allows
continued navigation via the intermediate waypoints in the original flight plan, but keeps the procedure
available on the Active Flight Plan Page for quick activation when needed. “Activating” also adds the
procedure to the end of the flight plan but immediately begins to provide guidance to the first waypoint in
the approach.
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
When selecting an approach, a “GPS” designation to the right of the procedure name indicates the procedure
can be flown using the GPS receiver. Some procedures do not have this designation, meaning the GPS
receiver can be used for supplemental navigation guidance only. If the GPS receiver cannot be used for
primary guidance, the appropriate navigation receiver must be used for the selected approach (e.g., VOR or
ILS). The final course segment of ILS approaches, for example, must be flown by tuning the NAV receiver to
the proper frequency and selecting that NAV receiver on the CDI.
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Example on HSI
EIS
Approach Type
- LNAV
- LNAV+V
- L/VNAV
- LPV
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HSI Annunciation
Description
LNAV
GPS approach using published LNAV
minima
LNAV+V
GPS approach using published LNAV
minima. Advisory vertical guidance is
provided
L/VNAV
GPS approach using published LNAV/
(available only if VNAV minima
WAAS equipped)
LPV
GPS approach using published LPV
(available only if minima
WAAS equipped
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The G1000 WAAS GPS allows for flying LNAV, LNAV/VNAV, and LPV approaches according to the published
chart. LNAV+V is a standard LNAV approach with advisory vertical guidance provided for assistance in
maintaining a constant vertical glidepath similar to an ILS glideslope on approach. This guidance is displayed
on the G1000 PFD in the same location as the ILS glideslope using a magenta diamond. In all cases where
LNAV+V is indicated by the system during an approach, LNAV minima are used. The active approach type
is annunciated on the HSI as shown in the following table:
Table 5-9 Approach Types
LOADING AN APPROACH INTO THE ACTIVE FLIGHT PLAN
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Loading an approach into the active flight plan using the PROC Key:
1) Press the PROC Key. The Procedures Window is displayed.
2) Highlight ‘SELECT APPROACH, and press the ENT Key. The Approach Loading Page is displayed.
3) Select an approach from the list and press the ENT Key.
AFCS
4) Select a transition (if required) and press the ENT Key.
5) Press the ENT Key with ‘LOAD?’ highlighted to load the arrival procedure; or turn the large FMS Knob to
highlight ‘ACTIVATE’ and press the ENT Key to load and activate the approach procedure.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
NOTE: When GPS is not approved for the selected final approach course, the message ‘NOT APPROVED
FOR GPS’ is displayed. GPS provides guidance to the approach, but the HSI must to be switched to a NAV
receiver to fly the final course of the approach.
APPENDICES
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
FLIGHT MANAGEMENT
Destination Airport
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EIS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Available Procedure Actions
Loaded Procedures
Approach Preview
Approach Choices
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Figure 5-91 Approach Selection
Loaded Approach
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Selected Approach
Procedure Loading Page Selection Softkeys
LOAD or ACTIVATE? Annunciation
APPENDICES
Figure 5-92 Approach Loading
Viewing available approaches at an airport:
INDEX
1) From the Airport Information Page (first page in the WPT group), press the APR Softkey. The Departure
Information Page is displayed, defaulting to the airport displayed on the Airport information Page.
2) To select another airport, press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor, enter an identifier/facility name/city, and
press the ENT Key.
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OVERVIEW
3) Press the FMS Knob, then turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the Approach. The approach is previewed on
the map.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to view the available approaches. Press the ENT Key to select the approach. The
cursor moves to the Runway box. The approach is previewed on the map.
5) Turn the small FMS Knob to view the available runways. Press the ENT Key to select the runway. The cursor
moves to the Transition box. The approach is previewed on the map.
6) Turn the small FMS Knob to view the available transitions. Press the ENT Key to select the transition. The cursor
moves to the Sequence box. The approach is previewed on the map.
EIS
7) Press the INFO Softkey to return to the Airport Information Page.
Loading an approach into the active flight plan from the Nearest Airport Page:
1) Select the Nearest Airports Page.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
2) Press the FMS Knob, then turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the desired nearest airport. The airport is
previewed on the map.
3) Press the APR Softkey; or press the MENU Key, highlight ‘Select Approach Window’, and press the ENT Key.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
4) Turn the FMS Knob to highlight the desired approach.
5) Press the LD APR Softkey; or press the MENU Key, highlight ‘Load Approach’, and press the ENT Key. The
Approach Loading Page is displayed with the transitions field highlighted.
6) Turn the FMS Knob to highlight the desired transition.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
7) Press the ENT Key. The ‘LOAD?’ field is highlighted.
AFCS
8) Press the ENT Key with ‘LOAD?’ highlighted to load the arrival procedure; or turn the large FMS Knob to
highlight ‘ACTIVATE’ and press the ENT Key to load and activate the approach procedure. The G1000 continues
navigating the current flight plan until the approach is activated. When GPS is not approved for the selected
final approach course, the message ‘NOT APPROVED FOR GPS’ is displayed. GPS provides guidance to the
approach, but the HSI must to be switched to a NAV receiver to fly the final course of the approach.
ACTIVATING AN APPROACH
A previously loaded approach can be activated from the Procedures Window.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Activating a previously loaded approach:
1) Press the PROC Key. The Procedures Window is displayed with ‘Activate Approach’ highlighted.
2) Press the ENT Key to activate the approach.
APPENDICES
In many cases, it may be easiest to “load” the full approach while still some distance away, enroute to the
destination airport. Later, if vectored to final, use the steps above to select ‘Activate Vector-To-Final’ — which
makes the inbound course to the FAF waypoint active.
Activating a previously loaded approach with vectors to final:
INDEX
1) Press the PROC Key to display the Procedures Window.
2) Highlight ‘ACTIVATE VECTOR-TO-FINAL’ and press the ENT Key.
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Loading and activating an approach using the MENU Key:
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
FLIGHT MANAGEMENT
2) Press the ENT Key. When GPS is not approved for the selected final approach course, the message ‘NOT
APPROVED FOR GPS’ is displayed. GPS provides guidance to the approach, but the HSI must to be switched to
a NAV receiver to fly the final course of the approach.
1) From the Approach Loading Page, press the MENU Key. The page menu is displayed with ‘Load & Activate
Approach’ highlighted.
REMOVING AN APPROACH FROM THE ACTIVE FLIGHT PLAN
EIS
When plans change while flying IFR, approaches can be easily removed from the Active Flight Plan..
Removing an approach from the active flight plan:
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
1) Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page (MFD) or the Active Flight Plan Window (PFD)
2) Press the MENU Key, and highlight ‘Remove Approach’.
3) Press the ENT Key. A confirmation window is displayed listing the approach procedure.
4) With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key. To cancel the removal, highlight ‘CANCEL’ and press the ENT Key.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Or:
1) Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page (MFD) or the Active Flight Plan Window (PFD)
2) Press the FMS Knob, and turn to highlight the approach header in the active flight plan.
3) Press the CLR Key. A confirmation window is displayed listing the approach procedure.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
4) With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key. To cancel the removal, highlight ‘CANCEL’ and press the ENT Key.
MISSED APPROACH
Activating a missed approach in the active flight plan:
AFCS
1) Press the PROC Key.
2) Turn the FMS Knob to highlight ‘ACTIVATE MISSED APPROACH’.
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
3) Press the ENT Key. The aircraft automatically sequences to the MAHP.
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
COURSE TO FIX
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
In a missed approach procedure, the fix immediately following the MAP (in this case ‘6368FT’) is not part
of the published procedure. It is simply a fix that defines a leg which guides the aircraft along the runway
centerline until the required altitude to make the first turn on the missed approach is exceeded. In this case, if
the aircraft altitude is below the specified altitude (6,368 feet) after crossing the MAP, a direct-to is established
to this fix until an altitude of 6,368 feet reached. After reaching 6,368 feet, a direct-to is established to the
published fix (in this case MOGAL). If the aircraft altitude is above the specified altitude after crossing the
MAP, a direct-to is established to the published fix (MOGAL) to begin the missed approach procedure. The
altitude constraint value defaults to 400 feet AGL when the fix is not part of the published procedure.
EIS
In some missed approach procedures this altitude fix may be part of the published procedure. If the
aircraft altitude is lower than this prescribed altitude, a direct-to is established to this fix when the missed
approach procedure is activated.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Course to Fix Waypoint
Figure 5-93 Course to Fix
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
FLIGHT MANAGEMENT
5.9 TRIP PLANNING
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The G1000 allows the pilot to view trip planning information, fuel information, and other information for
a specified flight plan or flight plan leg based on automatic data, or based on manually entered data. Weight
planning is also available, based on fuel sensor data and the active flight plan (to estimate remaining fuel).
TRIP PLANNING
EIS
All of the input of data needed for calculation and viewing of the statistics is done on the Trip Planning Page
located in the AUX Page Group.
Selected Flight Plan Segment
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
- FPL Number/Cumulative Legs (CUM or REM) or Leg Number (NN)
- Waypoints Defining Selected Flight Plan/Flight Plan Leg
Trip Planning Page Mode
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Preview of Selected
Flight Plan/
Flight Plan Leg
- Automatic/Manual
Trip Input Data (sensor/pilot)
- Departure Time (local)
- Ground Speed
- Fuel Flow
- Fuel On Board Aircraft
- Calibrated Airspeed
- Indicated Altitude
- Barometric Pressure
- Total Air Temperature
Trip Statistics
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Desired Track Distance Est. Time Enroute Est. Time of Arrival Enroute Safe Altitude Sunrise Time (local) Sunset Time (local -
Other Statistics
- Density Altitude
- True Airspeed (TAS)
- Wind Direction/Speed
- Head/Tail Wind Speed
Fuel Statistics
AFCS
Efficiency Total Endurance Remaining Fuel Remaining Endurance Fuel Required Total Range -
Softkeys
- Automatic/Manual Page Mode
- Flight Plan/Waypoint Mode
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Figure 5-94 Trip Planning Page
The trip planning inputs are based on sensor inputs (automatic page mode) or on pilot inputs (manual page
mode). Some additional explanation of the sources for some of the inputs is as follows:
APPENDICES
• Departure time (DEP TIME) - This defaults to the current time in automatic page mode. The computations
are from the aircraft present position, so the aircraft is always just departing.
• Calibrated airspeed (CALIBRATED AS) - The primary source is from the air data system, and the secondary
source of information is GPS ground speed.
INDEX
• Indicated altitude (IND ALTITUDE) - The primary source is the barometric altitude, and the secondary source
of information is GPS altitude.
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
TRIP STATISTICS
The trip statistics are calculated based on the selected starting and ending waypoints and the trip planning
inputs.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
In flight plan mode (FPL) with a stored flight plan selected (NN), and the entire flight plan (CUM) selected,
the waypoints are the starting and ending waypoints of the selected flight plan.
In flight plan mode (FPL) with a stored flight plan selected (NN), and a specific leg (NN) selected, the
waypoints are the endpoints of the selected leg.
EIS
In flight plan mode (FPL) with the active flight plan selected (00), and the remaining flight plan (REM)
selected, the ‘from’ waypoint is the present position of the aircraft and the ‘to’ waypoint is the endpoint of the
active flight plan.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
In flight plan mode (FPL) with the active flight plan selected (00), and a specific leg (NN) selected, the
‘from’ waypoint is the current aircraft position and the ‘to’ waypoint is the endpoint of the selected leg.
In waypoint (WPTS) mode these are manually selected waypoints (if there is an active flight plan, these
default to the endpoints of the active leg).
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Some of the calculated trip statistics are dashed when the selected leg of the active flight plan has already
been flown.
• Desired Track (DTK) - DTK is shown as nnn° and is the desired track between the selected waypoints.
It is dashed unless only a single leg is selected.
• Distance (DIS) - The distance is shown in tenths of units up to 99.9, and in whole units up to 9999.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
• Estimated time enroute (ETE) - ETE is shown as hours:minutes until less than an hour, then it is shown
as minutes:seconds.
• Estimated time of arrival (ETA) - ETA is shown as hours:minutes and is the local time at the
destination.
- If in waypoint mode then the ETA is the ETE added to the departure time.
AFCS
- If a flight plan other than the active flight plan is selected it shows the ETA by adding to the departure
time all of the ETEs of the legs up to the selected leg. If the entire flight plan is selected, then the ETA
is calculated as if the last leg of the flight plan was selected.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
- If the active flight plan is selected the ETA reflects the current position of the aircraft and the current
leg being flown. The ETA is calculated by adding to the current time the ETEs of the current leg up to
and including the selected leg. If the entire flight plan is selected, then the ETA is calculated as if the
last leg of the flight plan was selected.
APPENDICES
• Enroute safe altitude (ESA) - The ESA is shown as nnnnnFT
• Destination sunrise and sunset times (SUNRISE, SUNSET) - These times are shown as hours:minutes
and are the local time at the destination.
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
FLIGHT MANAGEMENT
FUEL STATISTICS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
• Fuel efficiency (EFFICIENCY) - This value is calculated by dividing the current ground speed by the
current fuel flow.
EIS
The fuel statistics are calculated based on the selected starting and ending waypoints and the trip planning
inputs. Some of the calculated trip statistics are dashed when the selected leg of the active flight plan has
already been flown.
• Fuel on board upon reaching end of selected leg (REM FUEL) - This value is calculated by taking the
amount of fuel onboard and subtracting the fuel required for trip.
• Time of fuel endurance (TOTAL ENDUR) - This time is shown as hours:minutes. This value is obtained
by dividing the amount of fuel on board by the current fuel flow.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
• Fuel required for trip (FUEL REQ) - This value is calculated by multiplying the time to go by the fuel
flow.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
• Fuel endurance remaining at end of selected leg (REM ENDUR) - This value is calculated by subtracting
the time of fuel endurance by the amount of time to go.
OTHER STATISTICS
• Total range at entered fuel flow (TOTAL RANGE) - This value is calculated by multiplying the time of fuel
endurance by the ground speed.
These statistics are calculated based on the system sensor inputs or the manual trip planning inputs.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
• Density altitude (DENSITY ALT)
• True airspeed (TRUE AIRSPEED)
• Wind direction (WIND DIRECTION) - Not shown in manual page mode.
• Wind speed (WIND SPEED) - Not shown in manual page mode.
AFCS
• Head wind (HEAD WIND) - Not shown in manual page mode. The wind is shown as a tail wind value if
appropriate
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
The pilot may select automatic (AUTO) or manual (MANUAL) page mode, and flight plan (FPL) or waypoint
(WPTS) mode. In automatic page mode, only the FPL, LEG, or waypoint IDs are editable (based on FPL/WPTS
selection).
Selected Flight Plan NN -
Selected Leg(s)
00 is Active FPL
01-99 are Stored FPLs
APPENDICES
Starting and Ending Waypoint
of Selected Flight Plan Segment
Stored Flight Plan
- CUM: Beginning to End of FPL
- NN: Beginning to End of Selected Leg
Active Flight Plan
- REM: Pres. Pos. to End of FPL
- NN: Pres. Pos. to End of Selected Leg
INDEX
Figure 5-95 Trip Planning Page - Flight Plan Mode
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FLIGHT MANAGEMENT
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Selected Flight Plan
Selected Leg(s)
Not Available
Not Available
Selected Starting and Ending Waypoints
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Figure 5-96 Trip Planning Page - Waypoint Mode
Selecting automatic or manual page mode:
Press the AUTO Softkey or the MANUAL Softkey; or press the MENU Key, highlight ‘Auto Mode’ or ‘Manual
Mode’, and press the ENT Key.
EIS
Selecting flight plan or waypoint mode:
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Press the FPL Softkey or the WPTS Softkey; or press the MENU Key, highlight ‘Flight Plan Mode’ or ‘Waypoints
Mode’, and press the ENT Key.
Selecting a flight plan and leg for trip statistics:
1) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor in the flight plan number field.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the desired flight plan number.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘CUM’ or ‘REM’. The statistics for each leg can be viewed by turning the
small FMS Knob to select the desired leg. The Inset Map also displays the selected data.
Selecting waypoints for waypoint mode:
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
1) Press the WPTS Softkey; or press the MENU Key, highlight ‘Waypoints Mode’, and press the ENT Key. The
cursor is positioned in the waypoint field directly below the FPL field.
2) Turn the FMS knobs to select the desired waypoint (or select from the Page Menu ‘Set WPT to Present Position’
if that is what is desired), and press the ENT Key. The cursor moves to the second waypoint field.
AFCS
3) Turn the FMS knobs to select the desired waypoint, and press the ENT Key. The statistics for the selected leg
are displayed.
In manual page mode, the other eight trip input data fields must be entered by the pilot, in addition to flight
plan and leg selection.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Entering manual data for trip statistics calculations:
1) Press the MANUAL Softkey or select ‘Manual Mode’ from the Page Menu, and press the ENT Key. The cursor
may now be positioned in any field in the top right two boxes.
APPENDICES
2) Turn the FMS Knobs to move the cursor onto the DEP TIME field and enter the desired value. Press the ENT Key.
The statistics are calculated using the new value and the cursor moves to the next entry field..Repeat until all
desired values have been entered.
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OVERVIEW
FLIGHT MANAGEMENT
5.10 RAIM PREDICTION
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EIS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
RAIM (Receiver Autonomous Integrity Monitoring) is a GPS receiver function that performs a consistency
check on all tracked satellites. RAIM ensures that the available satellite geometry allows the receiver to calculate
a position within a specified RAIM protection limit (2.0 nm for oceanic, 2.0 nm for enroute, 1.0 nm for terminal,
and 0.3 nm for non-precision approaches). During oceanic, enroute, and terminal phases of flight, RAIM is
available nearly 100% of the time. The RAIM prediction function also indicates whether RAIM is available at a
specified date and time. RAIM computations predict satellite coverage within ±15 min of the specified arrival
date and time. Because of the tighter protection limit on approaches, there may be times when RAIM is not
available. RAIM prediction must be initiated manually if there is concern over WAAS coverage at the destination
or some other reason that compromises navigation precision. If RAIM is not predicted to be available for the
final approach course, the approach does not become active. If RAIM is not available when crossing the FAF, the
missed approach procedure must be flown.
RAIM PREDICTION Box
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
- Prediction Waypoint
- Arrival Time
- Arrival Date
- RAIM Status
RAIM Softkey
SBAS Softkey
(displays SBAS Selection)
(displays RAIM PREDICTION)
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Figure 5-97 RAIM Prediction
Predicting RAIM availability at a selected waypoint:
1) Select the AUX-GPS Status Page.
APPENDICES
2) Press the FMS Knob. The RAIM Prediction ‘WAYPOINT’ field is highlighted.
3) Turn the small FMS Knob to display the Waypoint Information Window. (Turning it clockwise displays a blank
Waypoint Information Window, turning it counter-clockwise displays the Waypoint Information Window with a
waypoint selection submenu allowing selection of active flight plan, nearest, recent, or airway waypoints).
INDEX
4) Enter the identifier, facility, or city name of the departure waypoint; or select a waypoint from the submenu of
waypoints and press the ENT Key to accept the waypoint entry.
5) Turn the FMS Knobs to enter an arrival time and press the ENT Key.
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
6) Turn the FMS Knobs to enter an arrival date and press the ENT Key.
7) Press the ENT Key with ‘COMPUTE RAIM?’ highlighted to begin the computation.
Predicting RAIM availability at the aircraft present position:
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
1) Select the AUX-GPS Status Page.
2) Press the FMS Knob. The RAIM Prediction ‘WAYPOINT’ field is highlighted.
3) Press the MENU Key, highlight ‘Set WPT to Present Position’, and press the ENT Key.
4) Press the ENT Key to accept the waypoint entry.
EIS
5) Turn the FMS Knobs to enter an arrival time and press the ENT Key.
6) Turn the FMS Knobs to enter an arrival date and press the ENT Key.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
7) Press the ENT Key with ‘COMPUTE RAIM?’ highlighted to begin the computation.
Status of the RAIM computation for the selected waypoint, time, and date is displayed at the bottom of the
RAIM PREDICTION Box as follows:
• ‘COMPUTE RAIM?’ - RAIM has not been computed.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
• ‘COMPUTING AVAILABILITY’ - RAIM calculation is in progress.
• ‘RAIM AVAILABLE’ - RAIM is predicted to be available.
• ‘RAIM NOT AVAILABLE’ - RAIM is predicted to be unavailable.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
The Satellite Based Augmentation System (SBAS) provides increased navigation accuracy when available. SBAS
can be enabled or disabled manually on the GPS Status Page.
SBAS Status
AFCS
SBAS SELECTION Box
- WAAS Enable/Disable
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
RAIM Softkey
SBAS Softkey
(displays SBAS Selection)
(displays RAIM PREDICTION)
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INDEX
Figure 5-98 SBAS Display - Active
239
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
FLIGHT MANAGEMENT
Enabling/Disabling SBAS:
1) Select the AUX-GPS Status Page.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
2) Press the FMS Knob. The SBAS SELECTION ‘WAAS’ field is highlighted.
3) Press the ENT Key to disable SBAS. Press the ENT Key again to enable SBAS.
EIS
SBAS Status
SBAS SELECTION Box
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
- WAAS Enable/Disable
SBAS Softkey
(displays SBAS Selection)
RAIM Softkey
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
(displays RAIM PREDICTION)
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
Figure 5-99 SBAS Display - Disabled
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OVERVIEW
5.11 NAVIGATING A FLIGHT PLAN
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The following discussion is an example of navigating a flight plan with an LPV approach using the WAAS
capable GPS system while the G1000 provides vertical guidance through descents. A flight plan with an LNAV
approach would be navigated in much the same way, but would not include vertical guidance when the final
approach course is active.
NOTE: The following example flight plan is for instructional purposes only. All database information depicted
should be considered not current.
EIS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
The example is a flight plan from KMKC to KCOS filed using the TIFTO2 departure, various Victor Airways,
and the DBRY1 arrival with the transition at TBE. The flight plan includes an enroute altitude of 12,000 feet, an
LPV (WAAS) approach selected for runway 35R, and a missed approach executed at the Missed Approach Point
(MAP). A few enroute changes are demonstrated.
1) Prior to departure, the TIFTO2 departure, the airways, and the DBRY1 arrival at KCOS are loaded. See the
Procedures section for loading departures and arrivals. Note the magenta arrow in Figure 5-101 indicating the
active departure leg.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
After takeoff, ATC assigns a heading of 240º.
2) Figure 5-100 shows the aircraft on the assigned heading of 240º. ‘TERM’ (Terminal) is the current CDI flight
phase displayed on the HSI indicating 1.0 nm CDI scaling.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
Figure 5-100 Assigned Heading of 240º
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
FLIGHT MANAGEMENT
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EIS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
3) ATC now assigns routing to join V4. A heading of 290º is assigned to intercept V4. The aircraft turns to heading
290° as seen in Figure 5-101.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure 5-101 Assigned Heading of 290º
4) Enter V4 into the flight plan.
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
a) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
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OVERVIEW
b) The desired entry point for V4 (TOP) must be entered. Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the desired flight
plan insertion point (SLN) as shown in Figure 5-103. When the V4 entry point (TOP) is inserted, it is placed
immediately above the highlighted waypoint (SLN).
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
EIS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Figure 5-102 Begin Adding V4 to the Flight Plan
c) Turn the small FMS Knob to display the Waypoint Information Window. Enter the desired entry point for V4,
Topeka VOR (TOP), as shown in Figure 5-103.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
Figure 5-103 Entering V4 Entry Point
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
FLIGHT MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EIS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
d) Press the ENT Key. TOP is inserted into the flight plan as in Figure 5-105.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Figure 5-104 TOP Inserted into the Flight Plan
e) With SLN still highlighted as in Figure 5-104, turn the small FMS Knob clockwise. The Waypoint Information
Page is displayed and the LD AIRWY Softkey is now available.
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
f) Press the LD AIRWY Softkey to display the list of available airways for TOP as seen in Figure 5-106.
Figure 5-105 List of Available Airways for TOP
INDEX
g) Turn either FMS Knob to highlight V4 in the list as seen in Figure 5-105.
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OVERVIEW
h) Press the ENT Key. The list of available exits for V4 is now displayed as in Figure 5-106.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
EIS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Figure 5-106 List of Available Exits for V4
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
i) If necessary, turn either FMS Knob to select the desired exit. In this case Salina VOR (SLN) is selected as in
Figure 5-106.
j) Press the ENT Key. The selected airway and exit are displayed, and the prompt “LOAD?” highlighted as in
Figure 5-107.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
Figure 5-107 Ready to Load V4
k) Press the ENT Key.
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OVERVIEW
FLIGHT MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EIS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
l) V4 is now loaded into the flight plan as shown in Figure 5-108.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Figure 5-108 V4 is Loaded in the Flight Plan
5) Making V4 the active leg of the flight plan.
a) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
b) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight SLN. The TO waypoint of the leg is selected in order to activate the leg.
AFCS
c) Press the ACT LEG Softkey. The confirmation window is now displayed as in Figure 5-109. Note the TOP to
SLN leg is actually part of V4.
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Figure 5-109 Comfirm Active Leg
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
d) Verify the displayed leg is the desired leg and press the ENT Key. Note in Figure 5-110, the magenta arrow in
the flight plan window and magenta line on the map indicating V4 is now the active flight plan leg. Note the
phase of flight remained in Terminal (TERM) mode up to this point because a departure leg was active. Since a
leg after the departure is now active, the current CDI flight phase is ENR (Enroute) and CDI scaling has changed
to 2.0 nm.
EIS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure 5-110 V4 Now Active Leg
AFCS
6) The aircraft continues on heading 290º. When crosstrack distance is less than 2.0 nm, the XTK disappears from
the HSI and the CDI is positioned on the last dot indicating a 2.0 nm distance from the centerline of the next
course.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
FLIGHT MANAGEMENT
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EIS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
7) As the CDI approaches center, the aircraft turns onto the active leg as seen in Figure 5-111.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure 5-111 Turn on to Active Leg
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
8) At SLN, Victor Airway 244 (V244) is intercepted. Turn prompts are displayed in the PFD Navigation Status Box
as seen in Figure 5-112.
INDEX
APPENDICES
Figure 5-112 Turn to Intercept V244
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
9) As seen in Figure 5-113, V244 is now the active flight plan leg.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
EIS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Figure 5-113 V244 Now Active Leg
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
FLIGHT MANAGEMENT
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EIS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
10) At Lamar VOR (LAA) V263 is intercepted. See Figure 5-114.
Figure 5-114 HYS to LAA Leg Active
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
11) ATC grants clearance to proceed direct to the OPSHN intersection to begin the arrival procedure. ATC advises
to expect an altitude of 10,000 feet at OPSHN.
a) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
b) Turn the large FMS Knob to select OPSHN in the flight plan list.
) Key. The Direct-to Window is now displayed as shown in Figure 5-115.
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
c) Press the Direct-to (
Figure 5-115 Direct To OPSHN
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OVERVIEW
d) Turn the large FMS Knob to place the cursor in the VNV altitude field as shown in Figure 5-116.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
EIS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Figure 5-116 Enter VNV Altitude
e) An altitude of 10,000 feet is entered as requested by ATC.
f) Press the ENT Key. The cursor is now displayed in the VNV offset field as shown in Figure 5-117.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
Figure 5-117 Enter VNV Offset Distance
g) Enter the offset, or distance from the waypoint at which to reach the selected altitude. In this case, three miles
prior to OPSHN is entered. In other words, the G1000 gives vertical guidance so the aircraft arrives at an
altitude of 10,000 feet three miles prior to OPSHN.
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
FLIGHT MANAGEMENT
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
h) Press the ENT Key twice to activate the direct-to. Note, in Figure 5-118, the magenta arrow indicating the directto OPSHN after the offset waypoint for OPSHN. The preceding offset waypoint indicates the offset distance
and altitude that were previously entered. The remaining waypoints in the loaded arrival procedure have no
database specified altitudes, therefore, dashes are displayed. Keep the CDI centered and maintain a track along
the magenta line to OPSHN.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EIS
Note the Direct-to waypoint is within the loaded arrival procedure, therefore, phase of flight scaling for theCDI
changes to Terminal Mode and is annunciated by displaying ‘TERM’ on the HSI.
Figure 5-118 Direct-to Active
AFCS
12) The aircraft is proceeding to OPSHN. The expected approach is the RNAV LPV approach to runway 35R, so it is
selected.
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
a) Press the PROC Key to display the Procedures Window.
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
b) ‘SELECT APPROACH’ should be highlighted as shown in Figure 5-119.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
EIS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Figure 5-119 Proceudures Window
c) Press the ENT Key. A list of available approaches for the destination airport is displayed as in Figure 5-120.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
Figure 5-120 List of Available Approaches
d) Turn either FMS Knob to select the LPV approach for 35R as shown in Figure 5-120.
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OVERVIEW
FLIGHT MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EIS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
e) Press the ENT Key. A list of available transitions for the selected approach is displayed as in Figure 5-121.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Figure 5-121 List of Available Transitions
f) Turn either FMS Knob to select the desired transition. In this case, the Initial Approach Fix (IAF) at HABUK is
used.
g) Press the ENT Key.
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
h) With ‘LOAD?’ highlighted, again press the ENT Key. The selected approach is added to the flight plan as seen
in Figure 5-122.
INDEX
Figure 5-122 Loaded Approach
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
13) Note the altitude constraints associated with each of the approach waypoints as seen in Figure 5-123. These
altitudes are loaded from the database and are displayed as light blue text, indicating these values are
“designated” for use in computing vertical deviation guidance.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Note: To no longer use the displayed altitude for calculating vertical deviation guidance, perform the
following:
a) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
b) Turn the small FMS Knob to highlight the desired altitude.
c) Press the CLR Key.
EIS
d) Press the FMS Knob to deactivate the cursor.
After making the altitude “non-designated”, it is displayed as white text.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Altitude constraint values associated with the Final Approach Fix (FAF) and waypoints beyond the FAF cannot
be designated for vertical guidance. These altitude values are always displayed as white text, as in Figure 5123. Vertical guidance from the FAF and on to the Missed Approach Point (MAP) is given using the WAAS GPS
altitude source, therefore, the displayed altitude values are for reference only.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Figure 5-123 Vertical Guidance is Active to the FAF
APPENDICES
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
FLIGHT MANAGEMENT
14) As the aircraft approaches OPSHN, it may be desirable to adjust the speed, or steepness of the upcoming
descent. The default Flight Path Angle (FPA) is -3.0 degrees and a required vertical speed is computed to
maintain the -3.0 FPA. To change the vertical flight path, perform the following steps.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
a) Press the VNV PROF Softkey to place the cursor in the target vertical speed field (VS TGT) as shown in Figure
5-124.
b) At this point, the descent vertical speed can be selected, or the FPA can be selected. Turn the large FMS Knob
to select the desired selection field, then turn the small FMS Knob to enter the desired value.
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EIS
Note the information now displayed in the ‘CURRENT VNV PROFILE’ box. Also, note the offset waypoint (orange
box) and gray circle are now displayed on the map. The gray circle marks the Top of Descent (TOD). In this
example, vertical guidance is provided at the TOD that results in a -3.0 degree FPA descent to an altitude of
10,000 feet upon reaching the offset waypoint.
Figure 5-124 Adjusting the Descent
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
c) Press the ENT Key.
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
15) As seen in Figure 5-125, the aircraft is approaching TOD. Note the target vertical speed required to reached the
selected altitude. The Vertical Deviation Indicator (VDI) and the Required Vertical Speed Indicator (RVSI) are now
displayed on the PFD as shown in Figure 5-126.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
EIS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Figure 5-125 Approaching Top of Descent (TOD)
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Target Altitude
AFCS
Vertical Deviation
Indicator (VDI)
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Required Vertical
Speed Indicator
(RVSI)
APPENDICES
Figure 5-126 VDI & RVSI Upon Reaching Top of Descent (TOD)
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
FLIGHT MANAGEMENT
EIS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
16) Upon reaching TOD, a descent vertical speed is established which places the VSI pointer in line with the RVSI as
shown in Figure 5-127.
Keep Vertical Deviation
Pointer Centered
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Align Actual Vertical Speed
with
Required Vertical Speed
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Figure 5-127 VDI & RVSI Showing Correctly Established Descent
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
17) When the aircraft is one minute from the bottom of descent (BOD) it is annunciated as shown in Figure 5-128.
Upon reaching the offset waypoint for OPSHN, the aircraft is at 10,000 feet.
INDEX
Figure 5-128 Approaching Bottom of Descent (BOD) at OPSHN Offset Waypoint
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
18) The aircraft is approaching OPSHN. The upcoming turn and next heading are annunciated at the top left of the
PFD as seen in Figure 5-129. Initiate the turn and maneuver the aircraft on a track through the turn radius to
intercept the magenta line for the OPSHN to FSHER leg and center the CDI.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
EIS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
AFCS
Figure 5-129 Turn to intercept OPSHN to FSHER Leg
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
FLIGHT MANAGEMENT
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EIS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
19) After passing OPSHN, the next leg of the arrival turns magenta as shown in Figure 5-130. The magenta arrow
in the flight plan list now indicates the OPSHN to FSHER leg of the arrival procedure is now active.
Figure 5-130 Tracking the OPSHN to FSHER Leg
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
20) The flight continues through the arrival procedure to PYNON (see Figure 5-131). At a point 31 nm from the
destination airport, the phase of flight scaling for the CDI changes to Terminal Mode and is annunciated by
displaying ‘TERM’ on the HSI.
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
A descent to HABUK is in the next leg. Note the TOD point on the map. Annunciations for the upcoming turn
and descent, as well as the VDI and RVSI, appear on the PFD as the flight progresses.
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
EIS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
Figure 5-131 Approaching PYNON
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OVERVIEW
FLIGHT MANAGEMENT
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EIS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
21) Upon passing PYNON the approach procedure automatically becomes active. The approach may be activated
at any point to proceed directly to the IAF. In this example, the aircraft has progressed through the final
waypoint of the arrival and the flight plan has automatically sequenced to the IAF as the active leg, activating
the approach procedure (see Figure 5-132).
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure 5-132 Approach is Now Active
Note: To manually activate the approach procedure, perform the following steps:
a) Press the PROC Key.
b) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘ACTIVATE APPROACH’ as shown in Figure 5-133.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
c) Press the ENT Key to activate the approach.
INDEX
APPENDICES
Figure 5-133 Manually Activate Approach
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OVERVIEW
22) The IAF is the next waypoint. At the TOD, establish a descent vertical speed as previously discussed in Step 16.
The aircraft altitude is 9,000 feet upon reaching HABUK.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
EIS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Figure 5-134 Descending Turn to the Initial Approach Fix (IAF)
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
FLIGHT MANAGEMENT
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EIS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
23) After crossing FALUR the next waypoint is the FAF. The flight phase changes to LPV on the HSI indicating the
current phase of flight is in Approach Mode and the approach type is LPV. CDI scaling changes accordingly and is
used much like a localizer when flying an ILS approach. The RVSI is no longer displayed and the VDI changes to
the Glidepath Indicator (as shown in Figure 5-135) when the final approach course becomes active.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure 5-135 Descending to the FAF
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
The descent continues through the FAF (CEGIX) using the Glidepath Indicator, as one would use a glideslope
indicator, to obtain an altitude “AT” 7,800 feet at the FAF. Note the altitude restriction lines over and under (At)
the altitude in the ‘ALT’ field in Figure 5-135.
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
24) After crossing CEGIX, the aircraft continues following the glidepath to maintain the descent to “AT or ABOVE”
6,370 feet at the Missed Approach Point (MAP) (RW35R) as seen in Figure 5-136.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
EIS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Figure 5-136 Descending to the Missed Approach Point
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
In this missed approach procedure, the fix immediately following the MAP (in this case ‘6368FT’) is not part
of the published procedure. It is simply a fix that defines a leg which guides the aircraft along the runway
centerline until the required altitude to make the first turn on the missed approach is exceeded. In this case, if
the aircraft altitude is below the specified altitude (6,368 feet) after crossing the MAP, a direct-to is established
to this fix until an altitude of 6,368 feet reached. After reaching 6,368 feet, a direct-to is established to the
published fix (in this case MOGAL). If the aircraft altitude is above the specified altitude after crossing the MAP,
a direct-to is established to the published fix (MOGAL) to begin the missed approach procedure. The altitude
constraint value defaults to 400 feet AGL when the fix is not part of the published procedure.
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
In some missed approach procedures this altitude fix may be part of the published procedure. For example, the
procedure dictates a climb to 5,500 feet, then turn left and proceed to the Missed Approach Hold Point (MAHP).
In this case, the altitude fix would be labeled ‘5500FT’. Again, if the aircraft altitude is lower than this prescribed
altitude, a direct-to is established to this fix when the missed approach procedure is activated.
APPENDICES
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
A direct-to is initiated to MOGAL, which is the Missed Approach Hold Point (MAHP) as seen in Figure 5-137.
The aircraft is climbing to 10,000 feet. The CDI flight phase now changes from LPV to MAPR as seen on the
HSI.
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EIS
25) Upon reaching the MAP, it is decided to execute a missed approach. Automatic waypoint sequencing is
suspended past the MAP. Press the SUSP Softkey on the PFD to resume automatic waypoint sequencing
through the missed approach procedure.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
FLIGHT MANAGEMENT
INDEX
Figure 5-137 Missed Approach Active
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
26) The aircraft continues climbing to “AT or ABOVE” 10,000 feet at MOGAL. A holding pattern is established at
the MAHP (MOGAL) as shown in Figure 5-138.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
EIS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Figure 5-138 Establishing the Holding Pattern
27) The aircraft maintains 10,000 feet while following the magenta line through the hold as in Figure 5-139.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
Figure 5-139 Hold Established
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
FLIGHT MANAGEMENT
5.12 ABNORMAL OPERATION
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
This section discusses the Dead Reckoning mode of operation and the subsequent indications.
NOTE: Dead Reckoning Mode only functions in Enroute (ENR) or Oceanic (OCN) phase of flight. In all other
phases, an invalid GPS solution produces a “NO GPS POSITION” annunciation on the map and the G1000
stops using GPS.
EIS
While in Enroute or Oceanic phase of flight, if the G1000 detects an invalid GPS solution or is unable to
calculate a GPS position, the system automatically reverts to Dead Reckoning (DR) Mode. In DR Mode, the G1000
uses its last-known position combined with continuously updated airspeed and heading data (when available) to
calculate and display the aircraft’s current estimated position.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
It is important to note that estimated navigation data supplied by the G1000 in DR Mode may become increasingly
unreliable and must not be used as a sole means of navigation. If while in DR Mode airspeed and/or heading data
is also lost or not available, the DR function may not be capable of accurately tracking estimated position and,
consequently, the system may display a path that is different than the actual movement of the aircraft. Estimated
position information displayed by the G1000 through DR while there is no heading and/or airspeed data available
should not be used for navigation.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
DR Mode is inherently less accurate than the standard GPS/WAAS Mode due to the lack of satellite measurements
needed to determine a position. Changes in wind speed and/or wind direction compound the relative inaccuracy
of DR Mode. Because of this degraded accuracy, other navigation equipment must be relied upon for position
awareness until GPS-derived position data is restored.
AFCS
Also, while the G1000 is in DR Mode, the autopilot does not couple to GPS, and both TAWS and Terrain
Proximity are disabled. Additionally, the accuracy of all nearest information (airports, airspaces, and waypoints)
is questionable. Finally, airspace alerts continue to function, but with degraded accuracy.
INDEX
APPENDICES
As a result of operating in DR Mode, all GPS-derived data is computed based upon an estimated position and
is displayed as yellow text on the display to denote degraded navigation source information as shown in Figure
5-140.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
DR Mode is indicated on the G1000 by the appearance of the letters ‘DR’ superimposed in yellow over the ‘own
aircraft’ symbol as shown in Figure 5-140. In addition, ‘DR’ is prominently displayed in yellow on the HSI slightly
above and to the right of the aircraft symbol on the CDI as shown in Figure 5-140. Also, the CDI deviation bar
is removed from the display. Lastly, but at the same time, a ‘GPS NAV LOST’ alert message appears on the PFD.
Normal navigation using GPS/WAAS source data resumes automatically once a valid GPS solution is restored.
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Distance &
Bearing
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Dead Reckoning
Annunciaion
Wind Data
Track Bug
(if shown)
EIS
GPS Navigation
Lost Message
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Bearing Pointer/
Distance
Navigation Data Bar
Wind Data
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
All data except Active Leg,
TAS, and DTK are in yellow
Dead Reckoning
Annunciation
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Subdued Aircraft
Symbol
AFCS
Figure 5-140 Dead Reckoning Mode - GPS Derived Data Shown in Yellow
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
NOTE: The Inset Map is removed from the PFD any time aircraft pitch is greater than +30° or less than –20°,
or when a 65° bank angle is reached.
APPENDICES
INDEX
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INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EIS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
FLIGHT MANAGEMENT
BLANK PAGE
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
SECTION 6 HAZARD AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Hazard avoidance features available for the G1000 are designed to aid situational awareness and provide advisory
information with regard to potential hazards to flight safety associated with weather, terrain, and air traffic.
Weather
• GDL 69A XM® Satellite Weather (Optional)
• GWX 68 Airborne Color Weather Radar (Optional)
• L-3 STORMSCOPE® WX-500 Series II Weather Mapping Sensor (Optional)
EIS
Terrain Avoidance
• Terrain Proximity
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
• Terrain Awareness and Warning System (TAWS) (Optional)
Traffic
• Honeywell® KTA 870 Traffic Advisory System (TAS) (Optional)
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
6.1 XM SATELLITE WEATHER
NOTE: XM Satellite Weather data provides information for avoiding hazardous weather. Do not utilize XM
Weather information to penetrate hazardous weather.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
XM Satellite Weather is provided through the optional GDL 69A, a remote-mounted data-link satellite receiver.
Received graphical weather information and associated text is displayed on the Multi Function Display (MFD) and
the Primary Flight Display (PFD) Inset Map. The GDL 69A can also receive XM Satellite Radio® entertainment
services. Both weather data and entertainment programming operate in the S-band frequency range to provide
continuous reception capabilities at any altitude throughout North America.
AFCS
XM Satellite Radio services are subscription-based. For more information on specific service packages, visit
www.xmradio.com.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
HAZARD AVOIDANCE
ACTIVATING SERVICES
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Before XM Satellite Weather can be used, the service must be activated. Service is activated by providing XM
Satellite Radio with coded IDs unique to the installed GDL 69A. XM Satellite Radio and XM Satellite Weather
services each have coded IDs. The Data and Audio Radio IDs must be provided to XM Satellite Radio to activate
the weather service and entertainment subscriptions, respectively. These IDs are located on:
• The label on the back of the Data Link Receiver
• The XM Information Page on the MFD (Figure 6-1)
EIS
• The XM Satellite Radio Activation Instructions included with the unit (available at www.garmin.com, P/N
190-00355-04)
Contact the installer if the Audio and Data Radio IDs cannot be located.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
XM Satellite Radio uses the coded IDs to send an activation signal that allows the G1000 to display weather
data and/or entertainment programming provided through the GDL 69A.
Activating XM Satellite Weather and XM Satellite Radio services:
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
1) Contact XM Satellite Radio by email (address listed on their website, www.xmradio.com) or by the customer
service phone number listed on the website. Follow the instructions provided by XM Satellite Radio services.
2) Select the XM Page in the Auxiliary Page Group.
3) Press the INFO Softkey to display the XM Information Page.
4) Verify that the desired services are activated.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
5) Press the LOCK Softkey.
6) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘YES’.
AFCS
7) To complete activation, press the ENT Key.
Audio Radio ID
(for XM Satellite
Radio)
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Data Radio ID
(for XM Weather)
APPENDICES
Weather Products
(Available Products
for Service Class
Indicated in Green)
INDEX
Select to Display XM
Information page
272
Figure 6-1 XM Information Page
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for Cessna Caravan
Select to Lock
Subscription
Information
190-00749-00 Rev. B
HAZARD AVOIDANCE
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
USING XM SATELLITE WEATHER PRODUCTS
The primary map for viewing XM Weather data is the Weather Data Link Page in the Map Page Group. This
is the only G1000 map display capable of showing information for all available XM weather products.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Viewing the Weather Data Link Page:
1) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the Map Page Group.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the Weather Data Link Page.
EIS
NEXRAD Weather
Product Age
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
NEXRAD Weather
Product Selected
for Display
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
NEXRAD Weather
Product Display
Enabled
Figure 6-2 Weather Data Link Page
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
When a weather product is active on the Weather Data Link Page or the Navigation Map Page, the age of the
data is displayed on the screen (Figure 6-2). The age of the product is based on the time difference between
when the data was assembled on the ground and the current GPS time. Weather products are refreshed at
specific intervals (defined in the Refresh Rate column in Table 6-1).
If for any reason, a weather product is not refreshed within the 30-, 60-, or 90-minute Expiration Time
intervals (see Table 6-1), the data is considered expired and is removed from the display. This ensures that the
displayed data is consistent with what is currently being broadcast by XM Satellite Radio services. If more than
half of the expiration time has elapsed, the color of the product age displayed changes to yellow.
APPENDICES
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
HAZARD AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Table 6-1 shows the weather product symbols, the expiration time and the refresh rate. The refresh rate
represents the interval at which XM Satellite Radio broadcasts new signals that may or may not contain new
weather data. It does not represent the rate at which weather data is updated or new content is received by
the Data Link Receiver. Weather data is updated at intervals that are defined and controlled by XM Satellite
Radio and its data vendors.
Weather Product
Symbol
EIS
Next-generation Radar
(NEXRAD)
Cloud Top
(CLD TOP)
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Echo Top
(ECHO TOP)
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
XM Lightning
(LTNG)
Cell Movement
(CELL MOV)
SIGMETs/AIRMETs
(SIG/AIR)
Meteorological Aerodrome Report
(METARs)
City Forecast
(CITY)
Surface Analysis
(SFC)
Freezing Levels
(FRZ LVL)
Winds Aloft
(WIND)
County Warnings
(COUNTY)
Cyclone Warnings
(CYCLONE)
Radar Coverage
no product image
(RADAR CVRG)
Temporary Flight Restrictions
no product image
(TFRs)
Terminal Aerodrome Reports
no product image
(TAFs)
Expiration Time
(Minutes)
Refresh Rate
(Minutes)
30
5
60
15
30
7.5
30
5
30
12
60
12
90
12
60
12
60
12
60
12
60
12
60
5
60
12
30
5
60
12
60
12
Table 6-1 Weather Product Symbols and Data Timing
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HAZARD AVOIDANCE
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Cloud Top (CLD TOP)
+
Echo Top (ECHO TOP)
+
Nearest Page Group
Flight Plan Pages
+
AUX - Trip Planning
Page
Weather Data Link
Page
+
Weather Information
Page
Navigation Map Page
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
Cell Movement (CELL MOV)
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
METARs
+
City Forecast (CITY)
+
Surface Analysis (SFC)
+
Freezing Levels (FRZ LVL)
+
Winds Aloft (WIND)
+
County Warnings (COUNTY)
+
Cyclone Warnings (CYCLONE)
+
Radar Coverage
TFRs
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
AFCS
TAFs
+
+
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
+
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
SIGMETs/AIRMETs (SIG/AIR)
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
XM Lightning (LTNG)
EIS
NEXRAD
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Weather Product
PFD Inset Map
Table 6-2 shows which XM products can be displayed (indicated with a ‘+’ symbol) on specific maps.
Table 6-2 Weather Product Display Maps
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
HAZARD AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Softkeys control the display of weather information on most MFD pages and the PFD Inset Map (Figure 6-3
shows the weather product softkeys for the Weather Data Link Page). When a weather product is selected
for display, the corresponding softkey label changes to gray to indicate the product is enabled. Unavailable
weather products have subdued softkey labels (softkeys are disabled from selection).
NEXRAD ECHO TOP CLD TOP
ENGINE
FRZ LVL
CELL MOV
WIND OFF COUNTY
SIG/AIR
METAR
LEGEND MORE WX CHKLIST
LEGEND
CYCLONE
BACK
EIS
SFC OFF
LTNG
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
SFC Softkey label changes
to reflect current selection.
Press the BACK Softkey to
move up one level.
WIND Softkey label changes
to reflect current selection.
OFF
CURRENT
12 HR
24 HR
36 HR
48 HR
LEGEND
BACK
PREV
OFF
SFC
3000
6000
9000
12000
15000
NEXT
LEGEND
BACK
PREV
OFF
18000
21000
24000
27000
30000
33000
NEXT
LEGEND
BACK
PREV
OFF
36000
39000
42000
NEXT
LEGEND
BACK
PREV and NEXT softkeys cycle through
Winds Aloft altitude selection softkeys.
Figure 6-3 Weather Data Link Weather Product Softkeys
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
The setup menus for the Navigation Map Page and the Weather Data Link Page control the map range settings
above which weather products data are decluttered from the display. If a map range larger than the weather
product map range setting is selected, the weather product data is removed from the map. The menus also
provide a means in addition to the softkeys for enabling/disabling display of weather products.
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HAZARD AVOIDANCE
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Setting up and customizing the Weather Data Link Page:
1) Select the Weather Data Link Page.
2) Press the MENU Key.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
3) With ‘Weather Setup’ highlighted, press the ENT Key (Figure 6-4).
4) Turn the large FMS Knob or press the ENT Key to scroll though product selections (Figure 6-5).
5) Turn the small FMS Knob to scroll though options for each product (ON/OFF, range settings, etc.).
6) Press the ENT Key to select an option.
EIS
7) Press the FMS Knob or CLR Key to return to the Weather Data Link Page with the changed settings.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure 6-4 Weather Data Link Page Menu
AFCS
Figure 6-5 Weather Data Link Page Setup Menu
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Restoring default Weather Data Link Page settings:
1) Select the Weather Data Link Page.
2) Press the MENU Key.
APPENDICES
3) With ‘Weather Setup’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
4) Press the MENU Key.
5) Highlight the desired option to restore defaults (for all or for selection), and press the ENT Key.
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
HAZARD AVOIDANCE
Weather displayed on Pages other than the Weather Data Link Page use settings based on those selected for
the Navigation Map Page.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Setting up and customizing weather data for the Navigation Map Page:
1) Select the Navigation Map Page.
2) Press the MENU Key.
3) With ‘Map Setup’ highlighted, press the ENT Key (Figure 6-6).
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the ‘Weather’ Group and press the ENT Key (Figure 6-7).
EIS
5) Turn the large FMS Knob or press the ENT Key to scroll though product selections (Figure 6-8).
6) Turn the small FMS Knob to scroll though options for each product (ON/OFF, range settings).
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
7) Press the ENT Key to select an option.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
8) Press the FMS Knob or CLR Key to return to the Navigation Map Page with the changed settings.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
Figure 6-6 Navigation Map Page Menu
Figure 6-8 Navigation Map Page Setup Menu, Weather Group
INDEX
APPENDICES
Figure 6-7 Navigation Map Page Setup Menu
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HAZARD AVOIDANCE
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Each active weather product has an associated legend which can be displayed on the Weather Data Link
Page.
Viewing legends for displayed weather products
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
1) Select the Weather Data Link Page.
2) Press the LEGEND Softkey to display the legends for the displayed weather products.
Or:
a) Press the MENU Key.
b) Select ‘Weather Legend’ and press the ENT Key.
EIS
3) Turn the FMS Knob to scroll through the legends if more are available than fit in the window.
4) To remove the Legend Window, press the LEGEND Softkey, the ENT or the CLR Key, or press the FMS Knob.
• METARs
• Cell Movement
• County Warnings
• SIGMETs
• TFRs
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
• Echo Tops
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Additional information about the following can be displayed by panning over the display on the map:
• AIRMETs
The map panning feature is enabled by pressing the RANGE Knob. The map range is adjusted by turning
the RANGE Knob. If the map range is adjusted while panning is enabled, the map is re-centered on the Map
Pointer.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Additional
Information on
Weather Feature
Selected with
Map Pointer
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Flash Flood
Warning
Selected with
Map Pointer
APPENDICES
190-00749-00 Rev. B
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INDEX
Figure 6-9 Panning on the Weather Data Link Page
279
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
NEXRAD
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
HAZARD AVOIDANCE
WSR-88D, or NEXRAD (NEXt-generation RADar), is a network of 158 high-resolution Doppler radar
systems that are operated by the National Weather Service (NWS). NEXRAD data provides centralized
meteorological information for the continental United States and selected overseas locations. The maximum
range of a single NEXRAD radar site is 250 nm. In addition to a wide array of services, the NEXRAD network
provides important information about severe weather and air traffic safety.
NOTE: NEXRAD cannot be displayed at the same time as terrain.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EIS
NEXRAD data is not real-time. The lapsed time between collection, processing, and dissemination of
NEXRAD images can be significant and may not reflect the current radar synopsis. Due to the inherent delays
and the relative age of the data, it should be used for long-range planning purposes only. Never use NEXRAD
data or any radar data to penetrate hazardous weather. Rather, use it in an early-warning capacity of predeparture and enroute evaluation.
APPENDICES
Figure 6-10 NEXRAD Data on the Weather Data Link Page
NEXRAD data can be displayed on the following maps:
• PFD Inset Map
• Trip Planning Page
• Navigation Map Page
• Nearest Pages
• Weather Data Link Page
• Flight Plan Pages
INDEX
• Airport Information Page
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HAZARD AVOIDANCE
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Displaying NEXRAD weather information:
1) Press the MAP Softkey (for the PFD Inset Map, press the INSET Softkey). This step is not necessary on the
Weather Data Link Page.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
2) Press the NEXRAD Softkey.
Composite data from all the NEXRAD radar sites in the United States is shown. This data is composed of
the maximum reflectivity from the individual radar sweeps. The display of the information is color-coded
to indicate the weather severity level. All weather product legends can be viewed on the Weather Data Link
Page. For the NEXRAD legend (Figure 6-11), press the LEGEND Softkey when NEXRAD is selected for
display.
EIS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
No Radar Coverage
Figure 6-11 NEXRAD Data with Legend
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
The display of radar coverage is always active when either NEXRAD or ECHO TOPS is selected. Areas
where NEXRAD radar coverage and Echo Tops information is not currently available or is not being collected
are indicated in grayish-purple. Radar capability exists in these areas, but it is not active or is off-line.
REFLECTIVITY
AFCS
Reflectivity is the amount of transmitted power returned to the radar receiver. Colors on the NEXRAD
display are directly correlative to the level of detected reflectivity. Reflectivity as it relates to hazardous
weather can be very complex.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
The role of radar is essentially to detect moisture in the atmosphere. Simply put, certain types of weather
reflect radar better than others. The intensity of a radar reflection is not necessarily an indication of the
weather hazard level. For instance, wet hail returns a strong radar reflection, while dry hail does not. Both
wet and dry hail can be extremely hazardous.
APPENDICES
The different NEXRAD echo intensities are measured in decibels (dB) relative to reflectivity (Z). NEXRAD
measures the radar reflectivity ratio, or the energy reflected back to the radar receiver (designated by the
letter Z). The value of Z increases as the returned signal strength increases.
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
HAZARD AVOIDANCE
NEXRAD LIMITATIONS
NEXRAD radar images may have certain limitations:
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
• NEXRAD base reflectivity does not provide sufficient information to determine cloud layers or precipitation
characteristics (wet hail vs. rain). For example, it is not possible to distinguish between wet snow, wet
hail, and rain.
• NEXRAD base reflectivity is sampled at the minimum antenna elevation angle. An individual NEXRAD
site cannot depict high altitude storms at close ranges. It has no information about storms directly over
the site.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EIS
• When zoomed in to a range of 30 nm, each square block on the display represents an area of four square
kilometers. The intensity level reflected by each square represents the highest level of NEXRAD data
sampled within the area (Figure 6-12).
AFCS
Block Area is 4 km2
Figure 6-12 NEXRAD Data - Zoomed
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
The following may cause abnormalities in displayed NEXRAD radar images:
• Ground clutter
• Strobes and spurious radar data
APPENDICES
• Sun strobes (when the radar antenna points directly at the sun)
• Interference from buildings or mountains, which may cause shadows
INDEX
• Metallic dust from military aircraft, which can cause alterations in radar scans
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HAZARD AVOIDANCE
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
NEXRAD LIMITATIONS (CANADA)
• Radar coverage extends to 55ºN.
• Any precipitation displayed between 52ºN and 55ºN is displayed as mixed because it is unknown.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
No Coverage Above 55ºN
EIS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Precipitation
Above 52ºN
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure 6-13 NEXRAD Data - Canada
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
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SYSTEM
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ECHO TOPS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
HAZARD AVOIDANCE
Echo Tops data (Figure 6-14) shows the location, elevation, and direction of the highest radar echo. The
highest radar echo does not indicate the top of a storm or clouds; rather it indicates the highest altitude at
which precipitation is detected. Information is derived from NEXRAD data.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EIS
NOTE: Display of Echo Tops is mutually exclusive with Cloud Tops and NEXRAD.
Figure 6-14 Echo Tops Data
AFCS
Displaying Echo Tops information:
1) Select the Weather Data Link Page.
2) Press the ECHO TOPS Softkey.
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
To display the Echo Tops legend (Figure 6-15), press the LEGEND Softkey when Echo Tops is selected for
display. Since Echo Tops and Cloud Tops use the same color scaling to represent altitude, display of these
weather products is mutually exclusive. When Echo Tops is activated, NEXRAD and Cloud Tops data are
removed.
INDEX
No Radar Coverage
Figure 6-15 ECHO TOPS Legend
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
The display of radar coverage is always active when either NEXRAD or ECHO TOPS is selected. Areas
where NEXRAD radar coverage and Echo Tops information is not currently available or is not being collected
are indicated in grayish-purple. Radar capability exists in these areas, but it is not active or is off-line.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
CLOUD TOPS
NOTE: Cloud Tops and Echo Tops cannot be displayed at the same time.
Cloud Tops data (Figure 6-16) depicts cloud top altitudes as determined from satellite imagery.
EIS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure 6-16 Cloud Tops Data
AFCS
Displaying Cloud Tops information:
1) Select the Weather Data Link Page.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
2) Press the CLOUD TOPS Softkey.
To display the Cloud Tops legend (Figure 6-17), press the LEGEND Softkey when Cloud Tops is selected
for display. Since Cloud Tops and Echo Tops use the same color scaling to represent altitude, display of these
weather products is mutually exclusive. When Cloud Tops is activated, Echo Tops data is removed.
APPENDICES
INDEX
Figure 6-17 Cloud Tops Legend
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XM LIGHTNING
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
HAZARD AVOIDANCE
Lightning data (Figure 6-18) shows the approximate location of cloud-to-ground lightning strikes. A strike
icon represents a strike that has occurred within a two-kilometer region. The exact location of the lightning
strike is not displayed.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EIS
NOTE: XM Lightning and optional L-3 STORMSCOPE® WX-500 Lightning are mutually exclusive.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Lightning
Strikes
Figure 6-18 Lightning Data
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
XM Lightning data displays on the following maps:
• PFD Inset Map
• Trip Planning Page
• Navigation Map Page
• Nearest Pages
• Weather Data Link Page
• Flight Plan Pages
Displaying XM Lightning information:
1) Press the MAP Softkey (for the PFD Inset Map, press the INSET Softkey). This step is not necessary on the
Weather Data Link Page.
APPENDICES
2) Press the XM LTNG Softkey (LTNG Softkey on the Weather Data Link Page).
INDEX
To display the XM Lightning legend on the Weather Data Link Page (Figure 6-19), press the LEGEND
Softkey when XM Lightning is selected for display.
Figure 6-19 Lightning Legend
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OVERVIEW
CELL MOVEMENT
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Cell Movement data (Figure 6-20) shows the location and movement of storm cells as identified by the
ground-based system. Cells are represented by yellow squares, with direction of movement indicated with
short, orange arrows.
EIS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Storm Cells
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure 6-20 Cell Movement Data
On most applicable maps, Cell Movement data is selected for display along with NEXRAD. On the Weather
Data Link Page, Cell Movement data can be selected independently. Cell Movement data can be displayed
on the following maps:
• AUX - Trip Planning Page
•Navigation Map
• Nearest Pages
AFCS
• PFD Inset Map
Displaying Cell Movement information:
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
1) Press the MAP Softkey (for the PFD Inset Map, press the INSET Softkey). This step is not necessary on the
Weather Data Link Page.
APPENDICES
2) Press the NEXRAD Softkey (CEL MOV Softkey on the Weather Data Link Page). For Cell Movement to be
displayed on maps other than the Weather Data Link Page, Cell Movement must be turned on in the Navigation
Map Setup Menu (see “Setting Up XM Satellite Weather”).
To display the Cell Movement legend on the Weather Data Link Page, (Figure 6-21), press the LEGEND
Softkey when Cell Movement is selected for display.
INDEX
Figure 6-21 Cell Movement Legend
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SIGMETS AND AIRMETS
EIS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
SIGMETs (SIGnificant METeorological Information) and AIRMETs (AIRmen’s METeorological Information)
are broadcast for potentially hazardous weather considered of extreme importance to all aircraft. A Convective
SIGMET is issued for hazardous convective weather. A localized SIGMET is a significant weather condition
occurring at a localized geographical position.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
AIRMET
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
SIGMET
Figure 6-22 SIGMET/AIRMET Data
Displaying SIGMETs and AIRMETs:
AFCS
1) Select the Weather Data Link Page.
2) Press the SIG/AIR Softkey.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
3) To view the text of the SIGMET or AIRMET, press the RANGE Knob and move the Map Pointer over the
icon.
4) Press the ENT key. Figure 6-23 shows sample SIGMET text.
INDEX
APPENDICES
To display the SIGMET and AIRMET legend (Figure 6-24), press the LEGEND Softkey when SIGMETs and
AIRMETs are selected for display.
Figure 6-23 Sample SIGMET Text
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Figure 6-24 SIGMET/AIRMET Legend
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HAZARD AVOIDANCE
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
METARS AND TAFS
NOTE: Atmospheric pressure as reported for METARs is given in hectopascals (hPa), except for in the United
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
States, where it is reported in inches of mercury (in Hg). Temperatures are reported in Celsius.
NOTE: METAR information is only displayed within the installed aviation database service area.
EIS
METAR (METeorological Aerodrome Report) is the standard format for pre-flight weather briefings.
METARs are updated hourly and are considered current. METARs typically contain information about the
temperature, dewpoint, wind, precipitation, cloud cover, cloud heights, visibility, and barometric pressure.
They can also contain information on precipitation amounts, lightning, and other critical data. METARs are
shown as colored flags at airports that provide them.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Instructions for Viewing
METAR and TAF Text
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Selected Airport
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
AFCS
Figure 6-25 METAR Flags on the Weather Data Link Page
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
TAF (Terminal Aerodrome Report) is the standard format for 24-hour weather forecasts. TAFs may contain
some METAR data, but generally cover a smaller area. It typically forecasts significant weather changes,
temporary changes, probable changes, and expected changes in weather conditions.
APPENDICES
METAR and TAF text are displayed on the Weather Information Page. METAR data is displayed first in a
decoded fashion, then as raw text. TAF information is displayed only in its raw form.
Displaying METAR and TAF text:
1) On the Weather Data Link Page, press the METAR Softkey.
2) Press the RANGE Knob and pan to the desired airport.
INDEX
3) Press the ENT Key. The Weather Information Page is shown with METAR and TAF text.
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HAZARD AVOIDANCE
4) Use the FMS Knob or the ENT Key to scroll through the METAR and TAF text. METAR text must be completely
scrolled through before scrolling through the TAF text.
5) Press the FMS Knob or the CLR Key to return to the Weather Data Link Page.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Or:
1) Select the Weather Information Page.
a) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the Waypoint Page Group.
b) Press the WX Softkey to select the Weather Information Page.
EIS
2) Press the FMS Knob to display the cursor.
3) Use the FMS Knob to enter the desired airport and press the ENT Key.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
4) Use the FMS Knob or the ENT Key to scroll through the METAR and TAF text. Note that the METAR text must
be completely scrolled through before scrolling through the TAF text.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
METAR Text for the
Selected Airport
METAR Symbol
AFCS
TAF Text for the
Selected Airport
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Figure 6-26 METAR and TAF Text on the Weather Information Page
To display the METAR legend on the Weather Data Link Page (Figure 6-27), press the LEGEND Softkey
when METARs are selected for display.
INDEX
APPENDICES
The METAR flag color is determined by the information in the METAR text. A gray METAR flag is displayed
when the METAR text does not contain adequate information.
Figure 6-27 METAR Legend
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
SURFACE ANALYSIS AND CITY FORECAST
NOTE: Surface Analysis and City Forecast data are displayed only within the installed Aviation Database
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
service area.
Surface Analysis and City Forecast information is available for current and forecast weather conditions.
Forecasts are available for intervals of 12, 24, 36, and 48 hours.
EIS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure 6-28 Current Surface Analysis Data
Displaying Surface Analysis and City Forecast information:
AFCS
1) Select the Weather Data Link Page.
2) Press the MORE WX Softkey.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
3) Press the SFC Softkey.
4) Select the desired forecast time: CURRENT, 12 HR, 24 HR, 36 HR, or 48 HR. The SFC Softkey label changes
to reflect the forecast time selected.
APPENDICES
To display the Surface Analysis and City Forecast legend (Figure 2-29), press the LEGEND Softkey when
Surface Analysis and City Forecast are selected to be displayed.
INDEX
Figure 6-29 Surface Analysis Legend
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HAZARD AVOIDANCE
FREEZING LEVELS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EIS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Freezing Level data shows the color-coded contour lines for the altitude and location at which the first
isotherm is found (Figure 6-30). When no data is displayed for a given altitude, the data for that altitude has
not been received, or is out of date and has been removed from the display. New data appears at the next
update.
Figure 6-30 Freezing Level Data
Displaying Freezing Level information:
AFCS
1) Select the Weather Data Link Page.
2) Press the MORE WX Softkey.
3) Press the FRZ LVL Softkey.
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
To display the Freezing Level legend (Figure 6-31), press the LEGEND Softkey when Freezing Level data
is selected to be displayed.
INDEX
Figure 6-31 Freezing Level Legend
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
WINDS ALOFT
Winds Aloft data (Figure 6-32) shows the forecasted wind speed and direction at the surface and at selected
altitudes. Altitude can be displayed in 3,000-foot increments up to 42,000 feet MSL.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Displaying Winds Aloft data:
1) Select the Weather Data Link Page.
2) Press the MORE WX Softkey.
3) Press the WIND Softkey.
EIS
4) Select the desired altitude level: SFC (surface) up to 42,000 feet. Press the NEXT or PREV Softkey to cycle
through the altitude softkeys. The WIND Softkey label changes to reflect the altitude selected.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
AFCS
Figure 6-32 Winds Aloft Data at 27,000 Feet
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
To display the Winds Aloft legend (Figure 6-33), press the LEGEND Softkey when Winds Aloft is
selected for display.
APPENDICES
Figure 6-33 Winds Aloft Data with Legend
INDEX
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HAZARD AVOIDANCE
COUNTY WARNINGS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
County data (Figure 6-34) provides specific public awareness and protection weather warnings from the
National Weather Service (NWS). This can include information on fires, tornadoes, severe thunderstorms,
flood conditions, and other natural disasters.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EIS
Additional
Information
on Flood
Warning
Selected with
Map Pointer
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Flood Warning
Figure 6-34 County Flood Warning
Displaying County Warning information:
AFCS
1) Select the Weather Data Link Page.
2) Press the MORE WX Softkey.
3) Press the COUNTY Softkey.
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
To display the County Warnings legend (Figure 6-35), press the LEGEND Softkey when County Warnings
are selected to be displayed.
INDEX
Figure 6-35 County Warnings Legend
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HAZARD AVOIDANCE
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
CYCLONE
The Cyclone weather product shows the current location of cyclones (hurricanes) and their projected
tracks.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
EIS
Cyclone
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Figure 6-36 Cyclone Data Selected for Display
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Displaying cyclone (hurricane) track information:
1) Select the Weather Data Link Page.
2) Press the MORE WX Softkey.
AFCS
3) Press the CYCLONE Softkey.
To display the Cyclone legend (Figure 6-37), press the LEGEND Softkey when Cyclones are selected to be
displayed.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Figure 6-37 Cyclone Legend
APPENDICES
INDEX
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HAZARD AVOIDANCE
6.2 AIRBORNE COLOR WEATHER RADAR
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
SYSTEM DESCRIPTION
The optional Garmin GWX 68 Airborne Color Weather Radar is a four-color digital pulsed radar with 6.5
kilowatts of output power. It combines excellent range and adjustable scanning profiles with a high-definition
target display. The pulse width is four microseconds (µs) on all ranges except the 2.5 nm range. The GWX 68
uses a one µs pulse width at this range to reduce the targets smearing together on the display for better target
definition at close range.
EIS
The Cessna Caravan uses a 12-inch phased array antenna that is fully stabilized to accommodate 30º of pitch
and roll.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
To focus radar scanning on specific areas, Sector Scanning offers pilot-adjustable horizontal scan angles of
20º, 40º, 60º, or 90º. A vertical scanning function helps to analyze storm tops, gradients, and cell buildup
activity at various altitudes.
Radar features include:
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
• Extended Sensitivity Time Constant (STC) logic that automatically correlates distance of the return echo with
intensity, so cells do not suddenly appear to get larger as they get closer.
• WATCH® (Weather ATtenuated Color Highlight) helps identify possible shadowing effects of short-range cell
activity, identifying areas where radar return signals are weakened or attenuated by intense precipitation (or
large areas of lesser precipitation) and may not fully reflect the weather behind a storm.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
• Weather Alert that looks ahead for intense cell activity in the 80-320 nm range, even if these ranges are not
being monitored.
PRINCIPLES OF PULSED AIRBORNE WEATHER RADAR
AFCS
The term RADAR is an acronym for RAdio Detecting And Ranging. Pulsed radar locates targets by transmitting
a microwave pulse beam that, upon encountering a target, is reflected back to the radar receiver as a return
echo. The microwave pulses are focused and radiated by the antenna, with the most intense energy in the
center of the beam and decreasing intensity near the edge. The same antenna is used for both transmitting and
receiving. The returned signal is then processed and displayed on the G1000 MFD.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Radar detection is a two-way process that requires 12.36 µs for the transmitted microwave pulses to travel out
and back for each nautical mile of target range. It takes 123.6 µs for a transmitted pulse to make the round trip
if a target is ten nautical miles away.
APPENDICES
Airborne weather radar should be used to avoid severe weather, not for penetrating severe weather. The
decision to fly into an area of radar targets depends on target intensity, spacing between the targets, aircraft
capabilities, and pilot experience. Pulse type weather radar detects only precipitation, not clouds or turbulence.
The display may indicate clear areas between intense returns, but this does not necessarily mean it is safe to fly
between them. Only Doppler radar can detect turbulence.
INDEX
Airborne weather radar has other capabilities beyond weather detection. It also has the ability to detect and
provide distance to cities, mountains, coastlines, rivers, lakes, and oceans.
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OVERVIEW
NEXRAD AND AIRBORNE WEATHER RADAR
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Both Airborne Weather Radar and NEXRAD measure weather reflectivity in decibels (dB). A decibel is a
logarithmic expression of the ratio of two quantities. Airborne Weather Radar measures the ratio of power
against the gain of the antenna, while NEXRAD measures the energy reflected back to the radar, or the radar
reflectivity ratio.
Both systems use colors to identify the different echo intensities, but the colors are not interchangeable.
Airborne color radar values used by Garmin Airborne Color Weather Radar should not be confused with
NEXRAD radar values.
EIS
ANTENNA BEAM ILLUMINATION
Antenna at Zero Tilt
0
15
Max Power at Beam Center
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
0
s
Beam Sidelobe
Half Power at
18,000 ft.
8°
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Altitude (x1000 ft.)
80
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
The radar beam is much like the beam of a spotlight. The further the beam travels, the wider it becomes.
The radar is only capable of seeing what is inside the boundaries of the beam. The figure below depicts a radar
beam’s characteristics. The figure illustrates vertical dimensions of the radar beam, although the same holds
true for the horizontal dimensions. In other words, the beam is as wide as it is tall. Note that it is possible to
miss areas of precipitation on the radar display because of the antenna tilt setting. With the antenna tilt set
to zero in this illustration, the beam overshoots the precipitation at 15 nautical miles.
18,000 ft.
30
45
60
75
90
Range (nautical miles)
AFCS
Figure 6-38 Radar Beam from a 12 inch Antenna
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
The curvature of the earth can also be a factor in missing areas of precipitation, especially at range settings
of 150 nautical miles or more. Here the beam overshoots the precipitation at less than 320 nautical miles.
APPENDICES
320 nm
INDEX
Figure 6-39 Radar Beam in Relation to the Curvature of the Earth
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HAZARD AVOIDANCE
RADAR SIGNAL ATTENUATION
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The phenomenon of radar signal attenuation affects the operation of weather radar. When the radar signal
is transmitted, it is progressively absorbed and scattered, making the signal weaker. This weakening, or
attenuation, is caused by two primary sources, distance and precipitation.
EIS
Attenuation because of distance is due to the fact that the radar energy leaving the antenna is inversely
proportional to the square of the distance. The reflected radar energy from a target 40 miles away that fills
the radar beam is one fourth the energy reflected from an equivalent target 20 miles away. This would appear
to the operator that the storm is gaining intensity as the aircraft gets closer. Internal signal processing within
the GWX 68 system compensates for much of this distance attenuation.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Attenuation due to precipitation is not as predictable as distance attenuation. It is also more intense. As the
radar signal passes through moisture, a portion of the radar energy is reflected back to the antenna. However,
much of the energy is absorbed. If precipitation is very heavy, or covers a large area, the signal may not
reach completely through the area of precipitation. The weather radar system cannot distinguish between an
attenuated signal and an area of no precipitation. If the signal has been fully attenuated, the radar displays
a radar shadow. This appears as an end to the precipitation when, in fact, the heavy rain may extend much
further. A cell containing heavy precipitation may block another cell located behind the first, preventing it
from being displayed on the radar. Never fly into these shadowed areas and never assume that all of the heavy
precipitation is being displayed unless another cell or a ground target can be seen beyond the heavy cell. The
WATCH® feature of the GWX 68 Weather Radar system can help in identifying these shadowed areas. Areas
in question appear as shadowed or gray on the radar display. Proper use of the antenna tilt control can also
help detect radar shadows.
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Attenuation can also be due to poor maintenance or degradation of the radome. Even the smallest amount of
wear and scratching, pitting, and pinholes on the radome surface can cause damage and system inefficiency.
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OVERVIEW
RADAR SIGNAL REFLECTIVITY
PRECIPITATION
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Precipitation or objects more dense than water, such as the surface of the earth or solid structures, are
detected by the weather radar. The weather radar does not detect clouds, thunderstorms, or turbulence
directly. It detects precipitation associated with clouds, thunderstorms, and turbulence. The best radar
signal reflectors are raindrops, wet snow, or wet hail. The larger the raindrop, the better the reflectivity. The
size of the precipitation droplet is the most important factor in radar reflectivity. Because large drops in a
small concentrated area are characteristic of a severe thunderstorm, the radar displays the storm as a strong
return. Ice crystals, dry snow, and dry hail have low levels of reflectivity as shown in the illustration, and
often not displayed by the radar. Additionally, a cloud that contains only small raindrops, such as fog or
drizzle, does not reflect enough radar energy to produce a measurable target return.
EIS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure 6-40 Precipitation Type and Reflectivity
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
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HAZARD AVOIDANCE
GROUND RETURNS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The intensity of ground target returns depends upon the angle at which the radar beam strikes the
ground target (Angle of Incidence) and the reflective properties of that target. The gain can be adjusted so
shorelines, rivers, lakes, and cities are well-defined. Increasing the gain too much causes the display to fill
in between targets, thus obscuring some landmarks.
EIS
Cities normally provide a strong return signal. While large buildings and structures provide good returns,
small buildings can be shadowed from the radar beam by the taller buildings. As the aircraft approaches
and shorter ranges are selected, details become more noticeable as the highly reflective regular lines and
edges of the city become more defined.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Bodies of water such as lakes, rivers, and oceans are not good reflectors and normally do not provide good
returns. The energy is reflected in a forward scatter angle with inadequate energy being returned. They
can appear as dark areas on the display. However, rough or choppy water is a better reflector and provides
stronger returns from the downwind sides of the waves.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Mountains also provide strong return signals to the antenna, but also block the areas behind. However,
over mountainous terrain, the radar beam can be reflected back and forth in the mountain passes or off
canyon walls, using up all or most of the radar energy. In this case, no return signal is received from this
area, causing the display to show a dark spot which could indicate a pass where no pass exists.
ANGLE OF INCIDENCE
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
The angle at which the radar beam strikes the target is called the Angle of Incidence. The figure illustrates
the incident angle (‘A’). This directly affects the detectable range, the area of illumination, and the intensity
of the displayed target returns. A large incident angle gives the radar system a smaller detectable range and
lower display intensity due to minimized reflection of the radar energy.
Figure 6-41 Angle of Incidence
INDEX
A smaller incident angle gives the radar a larger detectable range of operation and the target display shows
a higher intensity. Since more radar energy is reflected back to the antenna with a low incident angle, the
resulting detectable range is increased for mountainous terrain.
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
SAFE OPERATING DISTANCE
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The following information establishes a minimum safe distance from the antenna for personnel near
operating weather radar. The minimum safe distance is based on the FCC’s exposure limit at 9.3 to 9.5 GHz for
general population/uncontrolled environments, which is 1 mW/cm2. See Advisory Circular 20-68B for more
information on safe distance determination.
MAXIMUM PERMISSIBLE EXPOSURE LEVEL (MPEL)
EIS
The zone in which the radiation level exceeds the US Government standard of 1 mW/cm2 is the semicircular
area of at least 11 feet from the 12-inch antenna. All personnel must remain outside of this zone. With a
scanning or rotating beam, the averaged power density at the MPEL boundary is significantly reduced.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
MPEL
Boundary
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
11 ft. for 12”
antenna
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Figure 6-42 MPEL Boundary
BASIC ANTENNA TILT SETUP
APPENDICES
The following discussion is a simple method for setting up the weather radar antenna tilt for most situations.
It is not to be considered an all encompassing setup that works in all situations, but this method does provide
good overall parameters for the monitoring of threats. Ultimately, it is desired to have the antenna tilted so that
the bottom of the radar beam is four degrees below parallel with the ground. The following example explains
one way of achieving this.
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INDEX
With the aircraft flying level, adjust the antenna tilt so ground returns are displayed at a distance that equals
the aircraft’s current altitude (AGL) divided by 1,000. For example, if the aircraft is at 14,000 feet, adjust the
tilt so the front edge of ground returns are displayed at 14 nautical miles. Note this antenna tilt angle setting.
Now, raise the antenna tilt 6 degrees above this setting. The bottom of the radar beam is now angled down 4º
from parallel with the ground.
301
SYSTEM
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HAZARD AVOIDANCE
PRACTICAL APPLICATION USING THE BASIC TILT SETUP
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
With the antenna tilt set as previously described, any displayed target return should be scrutinized when
flying at altitudes between 2,000 and 30,000 feet AGL. If the displayed target advances on the screen to
within 5 nautical miles of the aircraft, avoid it. This may be either weather or ground returns that are 2,000
feet or less below the aircraft. Raising the antenna tilt 4 degrees can help separate ground returns from
weather returns in relatively flat terrain. This aligns the bottom of the radar beam parallel with the ground.
Return the antenna tilt to the previous setting after a few sweeps.
EIS
If the aircraft is above 29,000 feet, be cautious of any target return that gets to within 30 nautical miles.
This is likely a thunderstorm that has a top high enough that the aircraft cannot fly over it safely.
If the aircraft altitude is 15,000 feet or lower, setting the displayed range to 60 miles may be more helpful.
Closely monitor anything that enters the display.
4000
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Change in Antenna Tilt
+4°
+3°
+2°
+1°
0°
-1°
-2°
-3°
-4°
3000
2000
1000
0
1000
2000
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
3000
10 nm
4000
Vertical Change of Radar Beam (feet)
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Also, after setting up the antenna tilt angle as described previously, ground returns can be monitored for
possible threats. The relationship between antenna tilt angle, altitude, and distance is one degree of tilt equals
100 feet of altitude for every one nautical mile.
AFCS
Figure 6-43 Vertical Change in Radar Beam per Nautical Mile
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Therefore, with the antenna tilt set so that the bottom of the beam is four degrees below parallel with
the ground, a target return at 10 nm is approximately 4,000 feet below the aircraft; at 20 nm, 8,000 feet;
at 50 nm, 20,000 feet. In other words, at this tilt setting, a ground return (such as a mountain peak) being
displayed at 10 nm would have a maximum distance below the aircraft of 4,000 feet. A ground target return
being displayed at 5 nm would have a maximum distance below the aircraft of 2,000 feet.
INDEX
APPENDICES
This setup provides a good starting point for practical use of the GWX 68. There are many other factors to
consider in order to become proficient at using weather radar in all situations.
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OVERVIEW
WEATHER MAPPING AND INTERPRETATION
WEATHER DISPLAY INTERPRETATION
Black
Green
Yellow
Red
Magenta
< 23 dBZ
23 dBZ to < 32 dBZ
32 dBZ to < 41 dBZ
41 dBZ to < 50 dBZ
50 dBZ and greater
Approximate
Precipitation Rate
(in/hr.)
< .01.
.01 - 0.1.
0.1 - 0.5
0.5 - 2
>2
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Intensity
EIS
Weather Mode Color
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
When evaluating various target returns on the weather radar display, the colors denote precipitation intensity
and rates shown in the table.
Table 6-3 Precipitation Intensity Levels
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
THUNDERSTORMS
Updrafts and downdrafts in thunderstorms carry water through the cloud. The more severe the drafts, the
greater the number and size of the precipitation droplets. With this in mind, the following interpretations
can be made from what is displayed on the weather radar. Avoid these areas by an extra wide margin.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
• In areas where the displayed target intensity is red or magenta (indicating large amounts of precipitation),
the turbulence is considered severe.
• Areas that show steep color gradients (intense color changes) over thin bands or short distances suggest
irregular rainfall rate and strong turbulence.
AFCS
• Areas that show red or magenta are associated with hail or turbulence, as well as heavy precipitation. Vertical
scanning and antenna tilt management may be necessary to identify areas of maximum intensity.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
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HAZARD AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Along squall lines (multiple cells or clusters of cells in a line) individual cells may be in different stages
of development. Areas between closely spaced, intense targets may contain developing clouds not having
enough moisture to produce a return. However, these areas could have strong updrafts or downdrafts.
Targets showing wide areas of green are generally precipitation without severe turbulence.
Irregularities in the target return may also indicate turbulence, appearing as hooks, fingers, or scalloped
edges. These irregularities may be present in green areas with no yellow, red, or magenta areas and should
be treated as highly dangerous areas.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EIS
Squall Line
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Steep Gradient
Hook or Finger
Scalloped Edge
Figure 6-44 Cell Irregularities
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Thunderstorm development is rapid. A course may become blocked within a short time. When displaying
shorter ranges, periodically select a longer range to see if problems are developing further out. That can
help prevent getting trapped in a blind alley or an area that is closed at one end by convective weather.
INDEX
APPENDICES
Figure 6-45 The Blind Alley - Horizontal Scan
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OVERVIEW
In areas of multiple heavy cells, use the Vertical Scan feature along with antenna tilt management to
examine the areas. Remember to avoid shadowed areas behind targets.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
EIS
The Large Storm Behind
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
The Blind Alley at Close Range
Figure 6-46 The Blind Alley
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
TORNADOES
There are no conclusive radar target return characteristics which identify a tornado. However, tornadoes
may be present if the following characteristics are observed:
• A narrow, finger-like portion extends and in a short time curls into a hook and closes on itself.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
• A hook, which may be in the general shape of the numeral 6, especially if bright and projecting from the
southwest quadrant (northeast quadrant in the southern hemisphere) of a major thunderstorm.
• V-shaped notches.
• Doughnut shapes.
AFCS
These shapes do not always indicate tornadoes, and tornado returns are not limited to these characteristics.
Confirmed radar observations of tornadoes most often have not shown shapes different from those of a
normal thunderstorm display.
HAIL
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
Hail results from updrafts carrying water high enough to freeze. Therefore, the higher the top of a
thunderstorm, the greater the probability that it contains hail. Vertically scanning the target return can
give the radar top of a thunderstorm that contains hail. Radar top is the top of a storm cell as detected by
radar. It is not the actual top, or true top of the storm. The actual top of a storm cell is seen with the eyes
in clear air and may be much higher than the radar top. The actual top does not indicate the top of the
hazardous area.
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INDEX
Hail can fall below the minimum reflectivity threshold for radar detection. It can have a film of water on
its surface, making its reflective characteristics similar to a very large water droplet. Because of this film of
water, and because hail stones usually are larger than water droplets, thunderstorms with large amounts
of wet hail return stronger signals than those with rain. Some hail shafts are extremely narrow (100 yards
or less) and make poor radar targets. In the upper regions of a cell where ice particles are dry (no liquid
coating), target returns are less intense.
305
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
HAZARD AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Hail shafts are associated with the same radar target return characteristics as tornados. U-shaped cloud
edges three to seven miles across can also indicate hail. These target returns appear quite suddenly along
any edge of the cell outline. They also change in intensity and shape in a matter of seconds, making vigilant
monitoring essential.
OPERATION IN WEATHER MODE
EIS
WARNING: Begin transmitting only when it is safe to do so. When transmitting while the aircraft is on the
ground, no personnel or objects should be within 11 feet of the antenna.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
CAUTION: In Standby mode, the antenna is parked at the center line. It is always a good idea to put the
radar in Standby mode before taxiing the aircraft to prevent the antenna from bouncing on the bottom stop
and possibly causing damage to the radar assembly.
When the weather radar system is in the Weather or Ground Map mode, the system automatically switches
to Standby mode on landing.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
In Reversionary mode, the weather radar system automatically switches to Standby mode. The system
remains in Standby mode until both displays are restored. In Reversionary mode, the weather radar system
cannot be controlled.
Scan Line
Antenna Stabilization Status
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Radar Mode
INDEX
APPENDICES
Figure 6-47 Horizontal Scan Display
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OVERVIEW
Displaying weather on the Weather Radar Page:
1) Select the Weather Radar Page in the Map Page Group with the FMS Knob.
2) Press the MODE Softkey.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
3) While on the ground, press the STANDBY Softkey. A one-minute warm-up period is initiated (countdown is
displayed on the screen). After the warm-up is complete, the radar enters the Standby Mode.
a)
Press the WEATHER Softkey. A confirmation window is displayed.
EIS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Figure 6-48 Confirming Activating Radar
Turn the small FMS Knob to highlight YES and press the ENT Key to continue radar activation.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
b)
Or:
If the aircraft is airborne, press the WEATHER Softkey. A one-minute warm-up period is initiated (countdown
is displayed on the screen). After the warm-up is complete, the radar begins transmitting.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
4) Turn the RANGE Knob to select the desired map range.
5) The horizontal scan is initially displayed (Figure 6-47). If desired, press the VERTICAL Softkey to change to
vertical scanning.
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
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OVERVIEW
HAZARD AVOIDANCE
Vertically scanning a storm cell:
NOTE: Vertical scanning of a storm cell should be done with the aircraft wings level to avoid constant
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
adjustment of the Bearing Line.
1) While in the Horizontal Scan view, press the BRG Softkey. This places the cursor in the BEARING field and
displays the Bearing Line.
If the Bearing Line is not displayed, press the MENU Key and turn the large FMS Knob to select Show Bearing
Line. Press the ENT Key.
EIS
2) Press the ENT Key.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
3) Turn the small FMS Knob to place the Bearing Line on the desired storm cell or other area to be vertically
scanned.
Bearing Line
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Scan Line
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Figure 6-49 Bearing Line on Horizontal Scan
4) Press the VERTICAL Softkey. A vertical scan of the selected area is displayed (Figure 6-50).
5) The small FMS Knob may be used to move the scanned bearing line a few degrees right or left.
6) Turn the RANGE Knob to adjust the range.
APPENDICES
7) Press the FMS Knob to remove the cursor.
8) To select a new area to be vertically scanned, press the HORIZON Softkey to return to the Horizontal Scan view
and repeat the previous steps.
INDEX
The RANGE Knob can also be used to adjust bearing from left to right.
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OVERVIEW
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
EIS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Figure 6-50 Vertical Scan Display
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
ADJUSTING ANTENNA TILT ANGLE
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
In order to make an accurate interpretation of a storm cell, the radar beam should be pointed at the wet
part of the weather cell to record the proper rainfall intensity (color level). The ideal aiming point is just
below the freezing level of the storm. The best way to find this point is to use the Vertical Scan feature. The
antenna tilt angle can be centered on the strongest return area in the vertical scan to get a more accurate
view of the coverage and intensity of the target in the horizontal scan.
Adjusting antenna tilt on the Horizontal Scan display:
1) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor in the TILT field.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the desired antenna tilt angle.
AFCS
3) Press the ENT Key.
4) Press the FMS Knob to remove the cursor.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
The RANGE Knob can also be used to adjust tilt up and down.
APPENDICES
INDEX
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HAZARD AVOIDANCE
Adjusting antenna tilt on the Vertical Scan display:
1) Press the TILT Softkey to activate the cursor in the TILT field and display the Tilt Line.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
If the Tilt Line is not displayed, press the MENU Key and turn the large FMS Knob to select Show Tilt Line. Press
the ENT Key.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to adjust the antenna tilt angle. The selected tilt angle is implemented when Horizontal
Scan is selected again.
The RANGE Knob can also be used to adjust tilt.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EIS
Tilt Line
Scan Line
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
Figure 6-51 Adjusting Tilt on Vertical Scan Display
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OVERVIEW
ADJUSTING GAIN
WARNING: Changing the gain in weather mode causes precipitation intensity to be displayed as a color
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
not representative of the true intensity. Remember to return the gain setting to Calibrated for viewing the
actual intensity of precipitation.
1) Press the GAIN Softkey to activate the cursor in the GAIN field.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to adjust the gain for the desirable level. The gain setting is visible in the GAIN field
as a movable horizontal bar in a flashing box. The line pointer is a reference depicting the calibrated position.
EIS
3) Press the FMS Knob to remove the cursor.
4) Press the GAIN Softkey again to recalibrate the gain. CALIBRATED is displayed in the GAIN field.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Manual Gain Set Below Calibrated
Calibrated Gain
AFCS
Figure 6-52 Gain Calibration
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
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OVERVIEW
HAZARD AVOIDANCE
SECTOR SCAN
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
1) While in horizontal scan mode, press the BRG Softkey to display the Bearing Line and place the cursor in the
BEARING field. If the Bearing Line is not displayed, press the MENU Key and turn the large FMS Knob to select
Show Bearing Line.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EIS
2) Press the ENT Key.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure 6-53 Selecting Sector Scan Position
3) Turn the small FMS Knob to place the Bearing Line in the desired position. The location of the Bearing Line
becomes the center point of the Sector Scan.
4) Turn the large FMS Knob to place the cursor in the SECTOR SCAN field.
5) Turn the small FMS Knob to select FULL, 60˚, 40˚, or 20˚ scan.
AFCS
6) If desired, readjust the Bearing Line as discussed previously to change the center of the Sector Scan.
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
7) Press the BRG Softkey again to remove the Bearing Line and cursor. The bearing reference is reset to 0º.
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OVERVIEW
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
EIS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Figure 6-54 40˚ Sector Scan
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
ANTENNA STABILIZATION
1) To activate or deactivate the antenna stabilization, press the MODE Softkey.
2) Press the STAB ON Softkey to activate antenna stabilization or press the STAB OFF Softkey to deactivate. The
current stabilization condition is shown in the upper right of the weather radar display.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
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OVERVIEW
HAZARD AVOIDANCE
WATCH® (WEATHER ATTENUATED COLOR HIGHLIGHT)
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EIS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
WATCH® identifies deceptively strong or unknown intensity parts of a storm. While in horizontal scan
mode, this feature can be used as a tool to determine areas of possible inaccuracies in displayed intensity due
to weakening of the radar energy. This weakening is known as attenuation. The radar energy weakens as
it passes through areas of intense precipitation, large areas of lesser precipitation, and distance. Issues with
the radome attenuates the radar energy. All these factors have an effect on the return intensity. The more
energy that dissipates, the lesser the displayed intensity of the return. Accuracy of the displayed intensity
of returns located in the shaded areas are suspect. Make maneuvering decisions with this information in
mind. Proper antenna tilt management should still be employed to determine the extent of attenuation in
a shaded area.
To activate or deactivate the WATCH® feature, press the WATCH Softkey.
Areas of
Attenuated Signal
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Displayed intensity is questionable.
Potentially stronger than displayed.
Horizontal Scan Without WATCH®
Horizontal Scan With WATCH®
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Figure 6-55 Horizontal Scan Without and With WATCH®
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OVERVIEW
WEATHER ALERT
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The Weather Alert feature indicates the presence of heavy precipitation between the ranges of 80 and 320
nm regardless of the currently displayed range. Weather Alert targets appear as red bands along the outer
range ring at the approximate azimuth of the detected returns.
If a Weather Alert is detected within ±10° of the aircraft heading, an alert is displayed on the PFD in the
Messages Window.
If the antenna tilt is adjusted too low, a weather alert can be generated by ground returns. To avoid
unwanted weather alerts, deselect the WX ALRT Softkey..
EIS
Weather Alerts
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure 6-56 Weather Alert Indications
AFCS
To activate or deactivate Weather Alerts, press the WX ALRT Softkey. Activating and deactivating enables
or inhibits the alert on the PFD.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
Figure 6-57 Weather Alert on PFD
INDEX
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HAZARD AVOIDANCE
GROUND MAPPING AND INTERPRETATION
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
A secondary use of the weather radar system is for the presentation of terrain. This can be a useful tool for
verifying aircraft position. A picture of the ground is represented much like a topographical map that can be
used as a supplement to the navigation map on the MFD.
EIS
Ground Map mode uses a different gain range than Weather mode. Different colors are also used to represent
the intensity levels. The displayed intensity of ground target returns are defined in the table below. Use of the
GAIN and TILT controls help improve contrast so that specific ground targets can be recognized more easily.
As previously discussed, the type and orientation of the target in relation to the aircraft affects the intensity
displayed.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Ground Map
Mode Color
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
When the weather radar system is in either the Weather or Ground Map mode, the system automatically
switches to Standby mode upon landing.
Yellow
Black
Light blue
Magenta
Blue
Intensity
0 dB
> 0 dB to < 9 dB
9 dB to < 18 dB
18 dB to < 27 dB
27 dB and greater
Table 6-4 Ground Target Return Intensity Levels
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Operation in Ground Map Mode
1) Press the MODE Softkey.
2) Press the GROUND Softkey to place the radar in Ground Map mode.
3) Press the BACK Softkey.
AFCS
4) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
5) Turn the large FMS Knob to place the cursor in the TILT field.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
6) Adjust the antenna tilt angle by turning the small FMS Knob to display ground returns at the desired distance.
INDEX
APPENDICES
7) Press the FMS Knob to remove the cursor.
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OVERVIEW
6.3 WX-500 STORMSCOPE
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
NOTE: The optional Stormscope system is not intended for hazardous thunderstorm penetration. Weather
information on the G1000 MFD is approved for weather avoidance only. Refer to the WX-500 User’s Guide
for a detailed description of Stormscope operation.
NOTE: L-3 STORMSCOPE® WX-500 Lightning and GDL 69/69A XM® Satellite Weather Lightning are
mutually exclusive.
EIS
The following pages can display Stormscope data:
• AUX - Trip Planning Page
• Nearest Pages
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
• Stormscope Page
• Navigation Map
To display Stormscope data on the Navigation Map, AUX - Trip Planning Page, or any of the Nearest Pages,
press the MAP Softkey, then press the STRMSCP Softkey. These pages can also display cell or strike data using the
yellow lightning strike symbology shown in Table 6-5.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Table 6-5 Lightning Age and Symbols
SETTING UP STORMSCOPE ON THE NAVIGATION MAP
AFCS
Setting up Stormscope options on the Navigation Map:
1) On the Navigation Map Page, press the MENU Key.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
2) With ‘Map Setup’ selected (Figure 6-58), press the ENT Key.
3) Turn the small FMS Knob to display the group selection window. Turn the small FMS Knob to select ‘Weather’
(Figure 6-59), and press the ENT Key.
4) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight and move between the product selections.
APPENDICES
5) When an item is highlighted, turn the small FMS Knob to select the option.
6) Press the ENT Key.
7) Press the FMS Knob to return to the Navigation Map Page (Figure 6-60).
The following options are available (Figure 6-59):
INDEX
• STRMSCP LTNG – Turns the display of Stormscope data on or off.
• STRMSCP MODE – Selects the CELL or STRIKE mode of lightning activity. Cell mode identifies clusters
or cells of electrical activity. Strike mode indicates the approximate location of lightning strikes.
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OVERVIEW
HAZARD AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
• STRMSCP SMBL – Selects the range at which Stormscope data displays. Stormscope data is removed
when a map range greater than the STRMSCP SMBL value is selected.
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EIS
Figure 6-58 Page Menu
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Figure 6-59 Map Setup Menu
CELL AND STRIKE MODE ON THE NAVIGATION MAP
APPENDICES
On the Navigation Map, cell mode identifies cells of lightning activity (Figure 6-60). Stormscope identifies
clusters of electrical activity that indicate cells. Strike mode indicates the approximate location of lightning
strikes.
Selecting the ‘cell’ or ‘strike’ mode on the Navigation Map:
1) Press the MENU Key.
2) With ‘Map Setup’ selected, press the ENT Key.
INDEX
3) Select the ‘Weather’ group.
4) Press the ENT Key. The cursor flashes on ‘STRMSCP LTNG’.
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HAZARD AVOIDANCE
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
5) Turn the large FMS Knob to select ‘STRMSCP MODE’.
6) Turn the small FMS Knob to change between ‘CELL’ and ‘STRIKE’ options. When an item is selected, press the
ENT Key.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
7) Press the FMS knob to return to the Navigation Map Page.
EIS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure 6-60 Navigation Map Page with Stormscope
Lightning Data
AFCS
If heading input is lost, strikes and/or cells must be cleared manually after the execution of each turn
(Figure 6-61). This is to ensure that the strike and/or cell positions are depicted accurately in relation to the
nose of the aircraft.
Manually clearing Stormscope data on the Navigation Map:
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
1) Press the MENU Key.
2) Select ‘Clear Stormscope Lightning’.
3) Press the ENT Key.
APPENDICES
INDEX
Figure 6-61 Navigation Map Page Options Menu
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HAZARD AVOIDANCE
ZOOM RANGE ON THE NAVIGATION MAP
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Stormscope lightning data can be displayed up to 800 nm zoom range (in North up mode) on the Navigation
Map Page. However, in the track up mode at the 500 nm range, a portion of Stormscope lightning data
can be behind the aircraft and therefore not visible on the Navigation Map. Since the range for Stormscope
data is 400 nm diameter total (200 nm in front and 200 nm behind), the 500 nm range in North up mode
shows all the data.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EIS
At a map range of less than 25 nm, Stormscope lightning data is not displayed, but can still be present. The
presence of Stormscope lightning data is indicated by the annunciation ‘LTNG < 25 nm’ in the upper right
corner (Figure 6-62).
Figure 6-62 Lightning Display Range Annunciation
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
The maximum zoom range can also be set on the Navigation Map. Note that Stormscope data above the
selected maximum zoom range is decluttered.
Selecting a Stormscope range on the Navigation Map:
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
1) Press the MENU Key.
2) Select ‘MAP SETUP’.
3) Select the ‘Weather’ group.
4) Press the ENT Key.
5) Turn the large FMS Knob to select ‘STRMSCP SMBL’.
AFCS
6) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the maximum display range.
7) Press the ENT Key.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
8) Press the FMS Knob to return to the Navigation Map Page.
INDEX
APPENDICES
To change the display range on the Navigation Map Page, turn the RANGE Knob clockwise to zoom out or
counter-clockwise to zoom in.
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
SELECTING THE STORMSCOPE PAGE
Stormscope lightning data can be displayed at the ranges of 25 nm, 50 nm, 100 nm, and 200 nm.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Adjusting the Stormscope Map Range:
1) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the Map Page Group.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the Stormscope Page.
3) To change the map range, turn the RANGE Knob clockwise to zoom out or counter-clockwise to zoom in.
EIS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure 6-63 Stormscope Page
AFCS
Changing between ‘cell’ and ‘strike’ mode on the Stormscope Page:
1) Select the Stormscope Page.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
2) Press the MODE Softkey. The CELL and STRIKE softkeys are displayed.
3) Press the CELL Softkey to display ‘CELL’ data or press the STRIKE Softkey to display ‘STRIKE’ data. ‘CELL’ or
‘STRIKE’ is displayed in the mode box in the upper left corner of the Stormscope Page.
4) Press the BACK Softkey to return to the main Stormscope page.
APPENDICES
Changing the viewing mode between 360˚ and 120˚ on the Stormscope Page:
1) Select the Stormscope Page.
2) Press the VIEW Softkey. The 360 and ARC softkeys are displayed. Press the 360 Softkey to display a 360˚
viewing area or press the ARC Softkey to display a 120˚ viewing area.
INDEX
3) Press the BACK Softkey to return to the main Stormscope page.
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
HAZARD AVOIDANCE
6.4 TERRAIN PROXIMITY
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
WARNING: Do not use Terrain Proximity information for primary terrain avoidance. Terrain Proximity is
intended only to enhance situational awareness.
NOTE: Terrain data is not displayed when the aircraft latitude is greater than 75° North or 60° South.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EIS
G1000 Terrain Proximity is a terrain awareness system that does not comply with TSO-C151b certification
standards. It increases situational awareness and aids in reducing controlled flight into terrain (CFIT). Do not
confuse Terrain Proximity with Terrain Awareness and Warning System (TAWS). TAWS is more sophisticated
and robust, and it is TSO-C151b certified. Terrain Proximity does not provide warning annunciations or voice
alerts. It only provides color indications on map displays when terrain and obstacles are within a certain altitude
threshold from the aircraft. Although the terrain and obstacle color map displays are the same, TAWS uses more
sophisticated algorithms to assess aircraft distance from terrain and obstacles.
Terrain Proximity requires the following components to operate properly:
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
• Valid 3-D GPS position
• Valid terrain/obstacle database
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Terrain Proximity displays altitudes of terrain and obstructions relative to the aircraft position and altitude with
reference to a database that may contain inaccuracies. Terrain and obstructions are shown only if they are in the
database. Terrain and obstacle information should be used as an aid to situational awareness. They should never
be used to navigate or maneuver around terrain.
Note that all obstructions may not be available in the terrain and obstacle database. No terrain and obstacle
information is shown without a valid 3-D GPS position.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
The G1000 GPS receiver provides the horizontal position and altitude. GPS altitude is derived from satellite
position. GPS altitude is then converted to a mean sea level (MSL)-based altitude (GPS-MSL altitude) and is used
to determine terrain and obstacle proximity. GPS-MSL altitude accuracy is affected by satellite geometry, but is
not subject to variations in pressure and temperature that normally affect pressure altitude sensors. GPS-MSL
altitude does not require local altimeter settings to determine MSL altitude. It is a widely-used MSL altitude
source.
INDEX
APPENDICES
Terrain and obstacle databases are referenced to MSL. Using the GPS position and altitude, the Terrain Proximity
feature portrays a 2-D picture of the surrounding terrain and obstacles relative to the position and altitude of the
aircraft. GPS position and GPS-MSL altitude are used to calculate and predict the aircraft’s flight path in relation
to the surrounding terrain and obstacles. In this way, the pilot can view predicted dangerous terrain and obstacle
conditions.
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HAZARD AVOIDANCE
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
DISPLAYING TERRAIN PROXIMITY DATA
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The symbols and colors in Figure 6-64 and Table 6-6 are used to represent obstacles and aircraft altitude
when the Terrain Proximity Page is selected for display. Terrain Proximity uses black, yellow, and red to
represent terrain information relative to aircraft altitude. The color of each obstacle is associated with the
altitude of the aircraft.
Terrain Above Aircraft Altitude
Red terrain is above
or within 100 ft below
the aircraft altitude
Aircraft Altitude
100 ft Threshold
EIS
1000 ft
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Yellow terrain is between 100 ft and 1000 ft below the aircraft altitude
Black terrain is more than 1000 ft below the aircraft altitude
Unlighted Obstacle
Lighted Obstacle
< 1000’ AGL > 1000’ AGL < 1000’ AGL > 1000’ AGL
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Figure 6-64 Terrain Altitude/Color Correlation for Terrain Proximity
Obstacle Location
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Red obstacle is above or within 100 ft
below the aircraft altitude
Yellow obstacle is between 100 ft and
1000 ft below the aircraft altitude
AFCS
Table 6-6 Terrain Proximity Terrain/Obstacle Colors and Symbology
Terrain and obstacle information can be displayed on the following pages:
• Trip Planning Page
• Navigation Map Page
• Flight Plan Page
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
• PFD Inset Map
• Terrain Proximity Page
Displaying terrain and obstacle information (maps other than the Terrain Proximity Page):
APPENDICES
1) Press the MAP Softkey (for the PFD Inset Map, press the INSET Softkey).
2) Press the TERRAIN Softkey to display terrain and obstacle data.
When Terrain Proximity is selected on maps other than the Terrain Proximity Page, an icon to indicate the
feature is enabled for display and a legend for Terrain Proximity colors are shown (Figure 6-68).
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INDEX
The Navigation Map Page Setup Menu provides a means in addition to the softkey for enabling/disabling
display of terrain and obstacles. The setup menu also controls the map range settings above which terrain and
obstacle data are decluttered from the display. If a map range larger than the map range setting is selected, the
data is removed from the map.
323
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
HAZARD AVOIDANCE
Terrain data can be selected for display independently of obstacle data; however, obstacles recognized by
Terrain Proximity as yellow or red are shown when terrain is selected for display and the map range is within
the setting limit.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Maps besides the Terrain Proximity Page use settings based on those selected for the Navigation Map Page.
The maximum display ranges for obstacles on each map are dependent on the range setting made for the
Navigation Map. If the maximum range for obstacle display on the Navigation Map is adjusted to below 20 nm,
the highest obstacle display range settings on the other applicable maps are also adjusted proportionally.
Customizing terrain and obstacle display on the Navigation Map Page:
EIS
1) Select the Navigation Map Page.
2) Press the MENU Key.
3) With ‘Map Setup’ highlighted, press the ENT Key (Figure 6-65).
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the ‘Map’ Group and press the ENT Key (Figure 6-66).
5) Turn the large FMS Knob or press the ENT Key to scroll though product selections (Figure 6-67).
• TERRAIN DATA – Turns the display of terrain data on or off and sets maximum range at which terrain is shown
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
• OBSTACLE DATA – Turns the display of obstacle data on or off and sets maximum range at which obstacles are shown
6) Turn the small FMS Knob to scroll though options for each product (ON/OFF, range settings).
7) Press the ENT Key to select an option.
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
8) Press the FMS Knob or CLR Key to return to the Navigation Map Page with the changed settings.
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Figure 6-65 Navigation Map Page Menu
Figure 6-66 Navigation Map Page Setup Menu
324
Figure 6-67 Navigation Map Page Setup Menu, Map Group
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HAZARD AVOIDANCE
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Additional information about obstacles can be displayed by panning over the display on the map. The map
panning feature is enabled by pressing the RANGE Knob. The map range is adjusted by turning the RANGE
Knob. If the map range is adjusted while panning is enabled, the map is re-centered on the Map Pointer.
Yellow Terrain Area
(Between 100’ and
1000’ Below Aircraft
Altitude)
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Additional Information
on Obstacle Selected
with Map Pointer
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Lighted Obstacle
Selected with Map
Pointer
EIS
Red Terrain Area
(Above or Within
100’ Below Aircraft
Altitude)
Red Lighted
Obstacles
(Above or Within
100’ Below Aircraft
Altitude)
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Terrain Display Enabled
Terrain Legend
Figure 6-68 Terrain Information on the Navigation Map Page
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
TERRAIN PROXIMITY PAGE
AFCS
The Terrain Proximity Page is specialized to show terrain and obstacle data in relation to the aircraft’s current
altitude, without clutter from the basemap. Aviation data (airports, VORs, and other NAVAIDs) can be displayed
for reference.
Aircraft orientation on this map is always heading up unless there is no valid heading. Two views are available
relative to the position of the aircraft: the 360° default display and the radar-like ARC (120°) display. Map range
is adjustable with the RANGE Knob from 1 to 200 nm, as indicated by the map range rings (or arcs).
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Displaying the Terrain Proximity Page:
1) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the Map Page Group.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the Terrain Proximity Page.
APPENDICES
3) To change the view,
a) Press the VIEW Softkey.
b) Press the 360 or ARC Softkey to select the desired view.
Or:
INDEX
a) Press the MENU Key.
b) Select ‘View 120º’ or ‘View 360º’ (choice dependent on current state) and press the ENT Key to change the view.
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
HAZARD AVOIDANCE
Showing/hiding aviation information on the Terrain Proximity Page:
1) Press the MENU Key.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
2) Select ‘Show Aviation Data’ or ‘Hide Aviation Data’ (choice dependent on current state) and press the ENT Key.
Map Orientation
Current Aircraft
GPS-derived MSL
Altitude
EIS
Red Terrain
(Above or Within
100’ Below the
Aircraft Altitude)
Black Terrain
(More than 1000’
Below the Aircraft
Altitude)
Map Range Rings
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Yellow Terrain
(Between 100’ and
1000’ Below the
Aircraft Altitude)
Terrain Legend
Yellow Terrain
(Between 100’ and
1000’ Below the
Aircraft Altitude)
Map Range Arcs
Red Terrain
(Above or Within
100’ Below the
Aircraft Altitude)
Black Terrain
(Terrain More than
1000’ Below the
Aircraft Altitude)
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure 6-69 Terrain Proximity Page
INDEX
Terrain Legend
Figure 6-70 Terrain Proximity Page (ARC View)
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
6.5 TERRAIN AWARENESS AND WARNING SYSTEM (TAWS)
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
WARNING: Do not use TAWS information for primary terrain avoidance. TAWS is intended only to enhance
situational awareness.
NOTE: The data contained in the TAWS databases comes from government agencies. Garmin accurately
processes and cross-validates the data but cannot guarantee the accuracy and completeness of the data.
EIS
TAWS (Terrain Awareness and Warning System) is an optional feature to increase situational awareness and aid
in reducing controlled flight into terrain (CFIT). TAWS provides visual and aural annunciations when terrain and
obstacles are within the given altitude threshold from the aircraft. The displayed alerts and warnings are advisory
in nature only.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
TAWS satisfies TSO-C151b Class B requirements for certification. Class B TAWS is required for all Part 91
aircraft operations with six or more passenger seats and for Part 135 turbine aircraft operations with six to nine
passenger seats (FAR Parts 91.223, 135.154).
TAWS requires the following to operate properly:
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
• A valid terrain/obstacle/airport terrain database
• A valid 3-D GPS position solution
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
TAWS uses terrain and obstacle information supplied by government sources. Terrain information is based on
terrain elevation information in a database that may contain inaccuracies. Individual obstructions may be shown
if available in the database. The data undergoes verification by Garmin to confirm accuracy of the content, per
TSO-C151b. However, the displayed information should never be understood as being all-inclusive and data
may be inaccurate.
AFCS
TAWS uses information provided from the GPS receiver to provide a horizontal position and altitude. GPS
altitude is derived from satellite measurements. GPS altitude is converted to a mean sea level (MSL)-based altitude
(GPS-MSL altitude) and is used to determine TAWS alerts. GPS-MSL altitude accuracy is affected by factors such
as satellite geometry, but it is not subject to variations in pressure and temperature that normally affect pressure
altitude devices. GPS-MSL altitude does not require local altimeter settings to determine MSL altitude. Therefore,
GPS altitude provides a highly accurate and reliable MSL altitude source to calculate terrain and obstacle alerts.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
The terrain and obstacle databases used by TAWS are referenced to mean sea level (MSL). Using the GPS
position and GPS-MSL altitude, TAWS displays a 2-D picture of the surrounding terrain and obstacles relative
to the position and altitude of the aircraft. Furthermore, the GPS position and GPS-MSL altitude are used to
calculate and “predict” the aircraft’s flight path in relation to the surrounding terrain and obstacles. In this
manner, TAWS can provide advanced alerts of predicted dangerous terrain conditions.
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INDEX
Baro-corrected altitude (or indicated altitude) is derived by adjusting the altimeter setting for local atmospheric
conditions. The most accurate baro-corrected altitude can be achieved by frequently updating the altimeter
setting to the nearest reporting station along the flight path. However, because actual atmosphere conditions
seldom match the standard conditions defined by the International Standard Atmosphere (ISA) model (where
pressure, temperature, and lapse rates have fixed values), it is common for the baro-corrected altitude (as read
from the altimeter) to differ from the GPS-MSL altitude. This variation results in the aircraft’s true altitude
differing from the baro-corrected altitude.
327
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
HAZARD AVOIDANCE
DISPLAYING TAWS DATA
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EIS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
TAWS uses yellow (caution) and red (warning) to depict terrain and obstacles (with heights greater than 200
feet above ground level, AGL) alerts relative to aircraft altitude. Colors are adjusted automatically as the aircraft
altitude changes. The colors and symbols in Figure 6-71 and Table 6-7 are used to represent terrain, obstacles,
and potential impact points.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Figure 6-71 Terrain Altitude/Color Correlation for TAWS
Unlighted Obstacle
Lighted Obstacle
Potential
< 1000’ AGL > 1000’ AGL < 1000’ AGL > 1000’ AGL Impact Points
Obstacle Location
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
WARNING: Red obstacle is above or within
100’ below current aircraft altitude
CAUTION: Yellow obstacle is between 100’
and 1000’ below current aircraft altitude
AFCS
Table 6-7 TAWS Obstacle Colors and Symbology
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
TAWS information can be displayed on the following maps:
• PFD Inset Map
• Trip Planning Page
• Navigation Map Page
• Flight Plan Pages
• TAWS Page
Displaying terrain and obstacle information (maps other than the TAWS Page):
APPENDICES
1) Press the MAP Softkey (for the PFD Inset Map, press the INSET Softkey).
2) Press the TERRAIN Softkey to display terrain and obstacle data.
When TAWS is selected on maps other than the TAWS Page, an icon to indicate the feature is enabled for
display and a legend for TAWS terrain colors are shown (Figure 6-78).
INDEX
The Navigation Map Page Setup Menu provides a means in addition to the softkey for enabling/disabling
display of terrain and obstacles. The setup menu also controls the map range settings above which terrain and
obstacle data are decluttered from the display. If a map range larger than the map range setting is selected, the
data is removed from the map.
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HAZARD AVOIDANCE
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Terrain data can be selected for display independently of obstacle data; however, obstacles for which warnings
and cautions are issued are shown when terrain is selected for display and the map range is within the setting
limit.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Maps besides the TAWS Page use settings based on those selected for the Navigation Map Page. The maximum
display ranges for obstacles on each map are dependent on the range setting made for the Navigation Map. If
the maximum range for obstacle display on the Navigation Map is adjusted to below 20 nm, the highest obstacle
display range settings on the other applicable maps are also adjusted proportionally.
Customizing terrain and obstacle display on the Navigation Map Page:
EIS
1) Select the Navigation Map Page.
2) Press the MENU Key.
3) With ‘Map Setup’ highlighted, press the ENT Key (Figure 6-72).
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the ‘Map’ Group and press the ENT Key (Figure 6-73).
5) Turn the large FMS Knob or press the ENT Key to scroll though product selections (Figure 6-74).
• TERRAIN DATA – Turns the display of terrain data on or off and sets maximum range at which terrain is shown
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
• OBSTACLE DATA – Turns the display of obstacle data on or off and sets maximum range at which obstacles are shown
6) Turn the small FMS Knob to scroll though options for each product (ON/OFF, range settings).
7) Press the ENT Key to select an option.
8) Press the FMS Knob or CLR Key to return to the Navigation Map Page with the changed settings.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Figure 6-72 Navigation Map Page Menu
APPENDICES
190-00749-00 Rev. B
INDEX
Figure 6-73 Navigation Map Page Setup Menu
Figure 6-74 Navigation Map Page Setup Menu, Map Group
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for Cessna Caravan
329
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
HAZARD AVOIDANCE
TAWS PAGE
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The TAWS Page is specialized to show terrain, obstacle, and potential impact point data in relation to the
aircraft’s current altitude, without clutter from the basemap. Aviation data (airports, VORs, and other NAVAIDs)
can be displayed for reference. If an obstacle and the projected flight path of the aircraft intersect, the display
automatically zooms in to the closest potential point of impact on the TAWS Page.
Aircraft orientation on this map is always heading up unless there is no valid heading. Two views are available
relative to the position of the aircraft: the 360° default display and the radar-like ARC (120°) display. Map range
is adjustable with the RANGE Knob from 1 to 200 nm, as indicated by the map range rings (or arcs).
EIS
Displaying the TAWS Page:
1) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the Map Page Group.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to select TAWS Page.
Changing the TAWS Page view:
1) Press the VIEW Softkey.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
2) Press the 360 or ARC Softkey to select the desired view.
Or:
1) Press the MENU Key.
2) Select ‘View 120º’ or ‘View 360º’ (choice dependent on current state) and press the ENT Key to change the view
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Showing/hiding aviation information on the TAWS Page:
1) Press the MENU Key.
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
2) Select ‘Show Aviation Data’ or ‘Hide Aviation Data’ (choice dependent on current state) and press the ENT Key.
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Yellow Terrain
(Caution - Terrain
Between 100’ and
1000’ Below the
Aircraft Altitude)
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Red Terrain
(Warning - Terrain
Above or Within
100’ Below the
Aircraft Altitude)
EIS
Black Terrain
(Terrain More than
1000’ Below the
Aircraft Altitude)
Map Range Rings
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Terrain Legend
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Figure 6-75 TAWS Page
Yellow Terrain
(Caution - Terrain
Between 100’
and 1000’ Below
the Aircraft
Altitude)
Map Range Arc
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Red Terrain
(Warning - Terrain
Above or Within
100’ Below the
Aircraft Altitude)
AFCS
Black Terrain
(Terrain More
than 1000’ Below
the Aircraft
Altitude)
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Terrain Legend
APPENDICES
Figure 6-76 TAWS Page (ARC View)
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
HAZARD AVOIDANCE
TAWS ALERTS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Alerts are issued when flight conditions meet parameters that are set within TAWS software algorithms.
TAWS alerts typically employ a CAUTION or a WARNING alert severity level, or both. When an alert is issued,
visual annunciations are displayed and aural alerts are simultaneously issued. Table 6-8 shows TAWS alert
types with corresponding annunciations and aural messages.
When an alert is issued, annunciations appear on the PFD and MFD. The TAWS Alert Annunciation is shown
to the upper left of the Altimeter on the PFD and below the Terrain Legend on the MFD. If the TAWS Page is
not displayed at the time, a pop-up alert appears on the MFD. To acknowledge the pop-up alert:
EIS
• Press the CLR Key (returns to the currently viewed page), or
• Press the ENT Key (accesses the TAWS Page)
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Alert Annunciation
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Popup
Alert
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
Figure 6-77 TAWS Alert Annunciations
APPENDICES
Terrain Display Enabled
Terrain Legend
Alert Annunciation
INDEX
Figure 6-78 Navigation Map Page
(After TAWS Pop-up Alert Acknowledgment)
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HAZARD AVOIDANCE
PFD/MFD Alert
Annunciation
MFD Pop-Up Alert
Aural Message
Excessive Descent Rate Warning
(EDR)
“Pull Up”
or
or
*
Reduced Required Terrain
Clearance Caution (RTC)
Imminent Terrain Impact Caution
(ITI)
“Terrain Ahead; Terrain Ahead”*
or
“Caution, Terrain; Caution, Terrain”
*
“Obstacle Ahead; Obstacle Ahead”*
or
“Caution, Obstacle; Caution, Obstacle”
*
“Obstacle Ahead; Obstacle Ahead”*
or
“Caution, Obstacle; Caution, Obstacle”
or
Reduced Required Obstacle
Clearance Caution (ROC)
or
Imminent Obstacle Impact
Caution (IOI)
or
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
*
or
AFCS
“Terrain Ahead; Terrain Ahead”*
or
“Caution, Terrain; Caution, Terrain”
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
*
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
or
“Obstacle Ahead, Pull Up; Obstacle Ahead, Pull
Up”*
or
“Obstacle, Obstacle; Pull Up, Pull Up”
“Obstacle Ahead, Pull Up; Obstacle Ahead, Pull
Up”
or
“Obstacle, Obstacle; Pull Up, Pull Up”
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
or
Imminent Obstacle Impact
Warning (IOI)
“Too Low, Terrain”
None
None
“Five-Hundred”
APPENDICES
Negative Climb Rate Caution
(NCR)
* Terrain Ahead, Pull Up; Terrain Ahead, Pull Up’*
or
“Terrain, Terrain; Pull Up, Pull Up”
*
Reduced Required Obstacle
Clearance Warning (ROC)
“Terrain Ahead, Pull Up; Terrain Ahead, Pull
Up”*
or
“Terrain, Terrain; Pull Up, Pull Up”
EIS
Imminent Terrain Impact
Warning (ITI)
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
*
Reduced Required Terrain
Clearance Warning (RTC)
Premature Descent Alert
Caution (PDA)
Altitude Callout “500”
Excessive Descent Rate Caution
(EDR)
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Alert Type
“Sink Rate”
*
or
“Don’t Sink”*
or
“Too Low, Terrain”
INDEX
* Alerts with multiple messages are configurable at installation and are installation-dependent. Alerts for the default
configuration are indicated with asterisks.
Table 6-8 TAWS Alerts Summary
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333
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
HAZARD AVOIDANCE
EXCESSIVE DESCENT RATE ALERT
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The purpose of the Excessive Descent Rate (EDR) alert is to provide suitable notification when the
aircraft is determined to be closing (descending) upon terrain at an excessive speed. Figure 6-79 shows the
parameters for the alert as defined by TSO-C151b.
6000
5500
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EIS
Height Above Terrain (Feet)
5000
4500
"
TE
A
KR
4000
IN
"S
3500
3000
2500
2000
1500
"PULL UP"
1000
500
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
0
2000
4000
6000
8000
10000
12000
Descent Rate (FPM)
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
Figure 6-79 Excessive Descent Rate Alert Criteria
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
FORWARD LOOKING TERRAIN AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Reduced Required Terrain Clearance (RTC) and Reduced Required Obstacle Clearance (ROC)
alerts are issued when the aircraft flight path is above terrain, yet is projected to come within the minimum
clearance values in Table 6-9. When an RTC alert is issued, a potential impact point is displayed on the TAWS
Page.
Imminent Terrain Impact (ITI) and Imminent Obstacle Impact (IOI) alerts are issued when the
aircraft is below the elevation of a terrain or obstacle cell in the aircraft’s projected path. ITI and IOI alerts are
accompanied by a potential impact point displayed on the TAWS Page. The alert is annunciated when the
projected vertical flight path is calculated to come within minimum clearance altitudes in Table 6-9.
Minimum Clearance Altitude (ft)
Level Flight
Descending
700
500
350
300
150
100
100
100
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Enroute
Terminal
Approach
Departure
EIS
Flight Phase
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Table 6-9 FLTA Alert Minimum Terrain and Obstacle Clearance Values
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
During final approach, Forward Looking Terrain Avoidance (FLTA) alerts are automatically inhibited when
the aircraft is below 200 feet AGL while within 0.5 nm of the approach runway or below 125 feet AGL while
within 1.0 nm of the runway threshold.
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
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335
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
PREMATURE DESCENT ALERTING
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
HAZARD AVOIDANCE
PDA alerting begins when the aircraft is within 15 nm of the destination airport and ends when the aircraft
is either 0.5 nm from the runway threshold OR is at an altitude of 125 feet AGL while within 1.0 nm of the
threshold. During the final descent, algorithms set a threshold for alerting based on speed, distance, and
other parameters.
A Premature Descent Alert (PDA) is issued when the system detects that the aircraft is significantly
below the normal approach path to a runway (Figure 6-80).
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EIS
Height Above Terrain (Feet)
700
600
500
400
300
PDA Alerting Area
200
100
Runway 1
Threshold
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
Distance From Destination Airport (nm)
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure 6-80 PDA Alerting Threshold
AFCS
PDA and FLTA aural and visual alerts can be manually inhibited. Discretion should be used when inhibiting
TAWS and the system should be enable when appropriate. When TAWS is inhibited, the alert annunciation
‘TAWS INHB’ is shown on the PFD and MFD (Figure 6-81).
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Figure 6-81 TAWS Alerting Disabled
(TAWS Inhibited) Annunciation
Inhibiting/enabling TAWS alerting:
1) Select the TAWS Page.
APPENDICES
2) Press the INHIBIT Softkey to inhibit or enable TAWS (choice dependent on current state).
Or:
a) Press the MENU Key.
b) Select ‘Inhibit TAWS’ or ‘Enable TAWS’ (choice dependent on current state) and press the ENT Key.
INDEX
If TAWS alerts are inhibited when the Final Approach Fix is the active waypoint in a GPS WAAS approach,
a ‘LOW ALT’ annunciation may appear on the PFD next to the Altimeter if the current aircraft altitude is at
least 164 feet below the prescribed altitude at the Final Approach Fix. See the Flight Instruments Section for
details.
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
FIVE-HUNDRED AURAL ALERT
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The purpose of the aural alert message “Five-hundred” is to provide an advisory alert that the aircraft is 500
feet above terrain. When the aircraft descends within 500 feet of terrain, the aural message “Five-hundred” is
generated. There are no display annunciations or pop-up alerts that accompany the aural message.
NEGATIVE CLIMB RATE AFTER TAKEOFF ALERT (NCR)
EIS
The Negative Climb Rate (NCR) After Takeoff alert (also referred to as “Altitude Loss After Takeoff”)
provides alerts when the system determines the aircraft is losing altitude (closing upon terrain) after takeoff.
The aural message “Don’t Sink” is given for NCR alerts, accompanied by an annunciation and a pop-up terrain
alert on the display. NCR alerting is only active when departing from an airport and when the following
conditions are met:
• Height above the terrain is less than 700 feet
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
• Distance from the departure airport is 2 nm or less
• Heading change from the departure heading is less than 110 degrees
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
1000
800
600
400
“DON’T SINK”
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Height Above Terrain (Feet)
Figure 6-82 shows the NCR alerting parameters as defined by TSO-C151b.
200
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
140
AFCS
1000
900
800
700
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
600
500
400
“DON’T SINK”
300
200
100
0
500
1000
1500
2000
2500
3000
3500
APPENDICES
Height Above Terrain (Feet)
Altitude Loss (Feet)
4000
Sink Rate (Feet Per Minute)
Figure 6-82 Negative Climb Rate (NCR) Alert Criteria
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
HAZARD AVOIDANCE
SYSTEM STATUS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
During G1000 power-up, TAWS conducts a self-test of its aural and visual annunciations. The system test
can also be manually initiated. An aural alert is issued at test completion. TAWS System Testing is disabled
when ground speed exceeds 30 knots.
PFD/MFD Alert TAWS Page
Annunciation Annunciation
Alert Type
System Test in Progress
None
System Test Pass
EIS
TAWS System Test Fail
Aural Message
TAWS TEST
None
None
“TAWS System Test OK”
TAWS FAIL
“TAWS System Failure”
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Table 6-10 TAWS System Test Status Annunciations
Manually testing the TAWS System:
1) Select the TAWS Page.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
2) Press the MENU Key (Figure 6-83).
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
3) Select ‘Test TAWS’ and press the ENT Key to confirm the selection.
AFCS
Figure 6-83 TAWS Page Menu
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
TAWS continually monitors several system-critical items such as database validity, hardware status, and GPS
status. If the terrain/obstacle database is not available, the aural message “TAWS System Failure” is generated
along with the ‘TAWS FAIL’ alert annunciation.
APPENDICES
TAWS requires a 3-D GPS navigation solution along with specific vertical accuracy minimums. Should the
navigation solution become degraded or if the aircraft is out of the database coverage area, the annunciation
‘TAWS N/A’ is generated in the annunciation window and on the TAWS Page. The aural message “TAWS Not
Available” is generated. When the GPS signal is re-established and the aircraft is within the database coverage
area, the aural message “TAWS Available” is generated.
PFD/MFD Alert
Annunciation
Alert Type
INDEX
No GPS position
Excessively degraded GPS signal
GPS signal re-established
TAWS Page
Annunciation
Aural Message
NO GPS POSITION “TAWS Not Available”
None
None
“TAWS Available”
Table 6-11 TAWS Status Annunciations
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HAZARD AVOIDANCE
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
6.6 TRAFFIC ADVISORY SYSTEM (TAS)
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
NOTE: Refer to the Honeywell KTA 870 Pilot’s Guide for a detailed discussion of the KTA 870 TAS.
TAS SYMBOLOGY
The optional Traffic Advisory System (TAS) is designed to help in detection and avoidance of other aircraft. TAS
uses an on-board interrogator-processor and the Mode S transponder for the air-to-air traffic data link. Traffic is
displayed according to TCAS symbology using four different symbols.
EIS
TAS Symbol
Description
Non-Threat Traffic
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Proximity Advisory (PA)
Traffic Advisory (TA)
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Traffic Advisory Off Scale
Table 6-12 TAS Symbol Description
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
A Non-threat Advisory, shown as an open white diamond, indicates that an intruding aircraft is at greater than
±1200 feet relative altitude or the distance is beyond 5 nm.
A Proximity Advisory indicates that the intruding aircraft is within ±1200 feet and is within 5 nm range, but
is still not considered a threat.
AFCS
A Traffic Advisory (TA) alerts the crew to a potentially hazardous intruding aircraft. Closing rate, distance,
and vertical separation meet TA criteria. A Traffic Advisory that is beyond the selected display range is indicated
by a half TA symbol at the edge of the screen at the relative bearing of the intruder.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
OPERATION
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
HAZARD AVOIDANCE
The STANDBY Softkey forces the unit into Standby Mode. The NORMAL softkey allows the KTA 870 to
switch from Standby Mode to Operating Mode as necessary.
The unit must be in operating mode for traffic to be displayed. The ability to switch from standby to operating
mode on the ground is especially useful for scanning the airspace around the airport before takeoff.
Switching from standby mode to operating mode:
On the Traffic Page, press the NORMAL Softkey
EIS
Or:
1) Press the MENU Key and turn the small FMS knob to select Normal Mode.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Switching from operating mode to standby mode:
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
2) Press the ENT Key. The KTA 870 switches from Standby Mode to Operating Mode as necessary.
1) Press the MENU Key and turn the small FMS knob to select Standby Mode.
On the Traffic Page, press the STANDBY Softkey
Or:
2) Press the ENT Key.
System Self Test
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
1) Set the range to 2/6 nm.
2) Press the TEST Softkey.
AFCS
3) Self test takes approximately eight seconds to complete. When completed successfully, traffic symbols is
displayed and a voice alert “TAS System Test Passed” is heard. If the self test fails, the system reverts to Standby
Mode and a voice alert “TAS System Test Failed” is heard.
DISPLAYING TRAFFIC DATA
• PFD Inset Map
• Trip Planning Page
• Navigation Map Page
• Nearest Pages
• Traffic Map Page
• Active Flight Plan Page
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Traffic information can be displayed on the following maps when the KTA 870 unit is operating:
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HAZARD AVOIDANCE
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Displaying traffic on the Traffic Map Page:
1) Use the large FMS Knob to select the Map Page Group.
2) Use the small FMS Knob to select the Traffic Map Page.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
3) Press the NORMAL Softkey to begin displaying traffic. OPERATING is displayed in the Traffic mode field.
4) Press the ALT MODE Softkey to change the altitude volume.
5) Press the STANDBY Softkey to place the system in the Standby mode. STANDBY is displayed in the Traffic mode
field.
EIS
6) Turn the RANGE Knob clockwise to display a larger area or counter-clockwise to display a smaller area.
Operating
Mode
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Traffic Display
Range
Altitude
Mode
“Non-Bearing”
Traffic (Bearing
Undetermined),
Distance 8.0 nm,
1100’ Above,
Descending
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Traffic Advisory,
Aircraft is
400’ Below,
Climbing
Off Scale
Traffic
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Proximity
Traffic, 1000’
Above,
Descending
AFCS
Figure 6-84 Traffic Map Page
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
The Traffic Map Page shows surrounding TAS traffic data in relation to the aircraft’s current position and
altitude, without basemap clutter. Aircraft orientation is always heading up unless there is no valid heading.
Map range is adjustable with the RANGE Knob from 2 to 40 nm, as indicated by the map range rings.
The traffic mode and altitude display mode are annunciated in the upper left corner.
APPENDICES
Displaying traffic information (maps other than the Traffic Map Page):
1) Press the MAP Softkey.
2) Press the TRAFFIC Softkey. Traffic is now displayed on the map.
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INDEX
When traffic is selected on maps other than the Traffic Map Page, a traffic icon is shown to indicate TAS is
enabled for display.
341
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
HAZARD AVOIDANCE
Traffic
Advisory
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Proximity
Traffic
EIS
Non-Threat
Traffic
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
TA Off Scale
Banner
Non-Bearing
Traffic Advisories
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Figure 6-85 TAS Traffic on Navigation Map
Displaying traffic information (PFD Inset Map):
1) Press the INSET Softkey.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
2) Press the TRAFFIC Softkey to display traffic data.
3) Press the TRFC-1 Softkey to display a dedicated traffic-only inset similar to the MFD Traffic Map Page.
4) Press the TRFC-2 Softkey to remove traffic data.
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
The Navigation Map Page Setup Menu also controls the display of traffic. The setup menu controls the map
range settings. Traffic data symbols and labels can be decluttered from the display. If a map range larger than
the map range setting is selected, the data is removed from the map. Maps besides the Traffic Map Page use
settings based on those selected for the Navigation Map Page.
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HAZARD AVOIDANCE
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
ALTITUDE DISPLAY
Changing the altitude display mode:
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
1) On the Traffic Page, press the ALT MODE Softkey.
2) Press one of the following Softkeys:
BELOW
•
NORMAL
•
ABOVE
•
UNREST (unrestricted)
EIS
•
3) To return to the Traffic Page, press the BACK Softkey.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Or:
1) Press the MENU Key.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to select one of the following:
BELOW
•
NORMAL
•
ABOVE
•
UNREST (unrestricted)
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
•
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
3) Press the ENT Softkey.
TRAFFIC MAP PAGE DISPLAY RANGE
The display range on the Traffic Map Page can be changed at any time. Map range is adjustable with the
RANGE Knob from 2 to 40 nm, as indicated by the map range rings.
AFCS
Changing the display range on the Traffic Page:
1) Turn the RANGE Knob.
2) The following range options are available:
•
2 and 6 nm
•
6 and 12 nm
•
12 and 24 nm
•
24 and 40 nm
APPENDICES
2 nm
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
•
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
HAZARD AVOIDANCE
Customizing the traffic display on the Navigation Map Page:
1) Select the Navigation Map Page.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
2) Press the MENU Key.
3) With Map Setup highlighted, press the ENT Key (Figure 6-86).
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the Traffic Group and press the ENT Key (Figure 6-87).
5) Turn the large FMS Knob or press the ENT Key to scroll though the selections (Figure 6-88).
• TRAFFIC – Turns the display of traffic data on or off
EIS
• TRAFFIC MODE – Selects the traffic mode for display; select from:
- All Traffic - Displays all traffic
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
- TA/PA - Displays Traffic Alerts and Proximity Advisories
- TA ONLY - Displays Traffic Alerts only
• TRAFFIC SMBL – Selects the maximum range at which traffic symbols are shown
• TRAFFIC LBL – Selects the maximum range at which traffic labels are shown with the option to turn off
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
6) Turn the small FMS Knob to scroll though options (ON/OFF, range settings, etc.).
7) Press the ENT Key to select an option.
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
8) Press the FMS Knob or CLR Key to return to the Navigation Map Page.
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Figure 6-86 Navigation Map Page Menu
Figure 6-88 Navigation Map Page Setup Menu, Traffic Group
INDEX
Figure 6-87 Navigation Map Page Setup Menu
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HAZARD AVOIDANCE
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
TAS ALERTS
NOTE: Refer to the KTA 870 documentation for information on alerts generated by the TAS equipment.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
When the number of TAs on the Traffic Map Page increases from one scan to the next, the following occur:
• A “Traffic, Traffic” voice alert is generated when the first TA is displayed.
• A TRAFFIC Annunciation appears at the top right of the airspeed on the PFD, flashing for 5 seconds and
remaining displayed until no TAs are detected in the area.
EIS
• The PFD Inset Map is automatically displayed with TA traffic.
• A single “Traffic” voice alert is generated when the number of TAs increases.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Inset Map
Displays When
TA is Detected
Figure 6-89 Traffic Annunciation (PFD)
AFCS
SYSTEM STATUS
The traffic mode is annunciated in the upper left corner of the Traffic Map Page.
Traffic Mode Annunciation
(Traffic Map Page)
TAS Self-test Initiated
TEST
(also shown in white in center of page)
OPERATING
TAS Standby
STANDBY
(also shown in white in center of page)
TAS Failed*
FAIL
APPENDICES
TAS Operating
Traffic Display Enabled Icon
(Other Maps)
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Mode
INDEX
* See Table 6-14 for additional failure annunciations
Table 6-13 TAS Modes
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
HAZARD AVOIDANCE
If the unit fails, an annunciation as to the cause of the failure is shown in the center of the Traffic Map Page.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Traffic Map Page
Annunciation
NO DATA
DATA FAILED
FAILED
Description
Data is not being received from the TAS unit
Data is being received from the TAS unit, but the
unit is self-reporting a failure
Incorrect data format received from the TAS unit
EIS
Table 6-14 TAS Failure Annunciations
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
The annumciations to indicate the status of traffic information appear in a banner at the lower left corner of
maps on which traffic can be displayed.
Traffic Status Banner
Annunciation
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
TA OFF SCALE
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
TA X.X ± XX ↕
TRFC FAIL
NO TRFC DATA
Description
A Traffic Advisory is outside the selected display range*
Annunciation is removed when traffic comes within
the selected display range
System cannot determine bearing of Traffic Advisory**
Annunciation indicates distance in nm, altitude
separation in hundreds of feet, and altitude trend
arrow (climbing/descending)
TAS unit has failed (unit is self-reporting a failure or
sending incorrectly formatted data)
Data is not being received from the TAS unit
*Shown as symbol on Traffic Map Page
**Shown in center of Traffic Map Page
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
Table 6-15 TAS Traffic Status Annunciations
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AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
SECTION 7 AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
NOTE: The approved Pilot’s Operating Handbook (POH) always supersedes this Pilot’s Guide.
The GFC 700 is a digital Automatic Flight Control System (AFCS), fully integrated within the G1000 System
avionics architecture. The System Overview section provides a block diagram to support this system description.
GFC 700 AFCS functionality in the Cessna Caravan is distributed across the following Line Replaceable Units
(LRUs):
• GSA 80 AFCS Servos (2)
• GDU 1040A Multi Function Display (MFD)
• GSA 81 AFCS Servos (2)
• GMC 710 AFCS Control Unit
• GSM 85 Servo Mounts (4)
EIS
• GDU 1040A Primary Flight Displays (PFDs) (2)
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
• GIA 63W Integrated Avionics Units (IAUs) (2)
The GFC 700 AFCS can be divided into these main operating functions:
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
• Flight Director (FD) — The Cessna Caravan has two flight directors, each operating within an IAU and
referred to as pilot-side and copilot-side. Commands for the selected flight director are displayed on both PFDs.
The flight director provides:
– Command Bars showing pitch/roll guidance
– Vertical/lateral mode selection and processing
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
– Autopilot communication
• Autopilot (AP) — Autopilot operation occurs within the pitch, roll, and pitch trim servos. It also provides
servo monitoring and automatic flight control in response to flight director steering commands, Attitude and
Heading Reference System (AHRS) attitude and rate information, and airspeed.
AFCS
• Yaw Damper (YD) — The yaw servo is self-monitoring and provides Dutch roll damping and turn coordination
in response to yaw rate, roll angle, lateral acceleration, and airspeed.
• Manual Electric Pitch Trim (MEPT) — The pitch trim servo provides manual electric pitch trim capability
when the autopilot is not engaged.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
7.1 AFCS CONTROLS
The AFCS Control Unit is positioned above the MFD, and has the following controls:
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
1
2
3
Selects/deselects Heading Select Mode
NAV Key
FD Key
Selects/deselects Navigation Mode
Activates/deactivates the flight director only
Pressing once turns on the selected flight director in the default vertical and lateral
modes. Pressing again deactivates the flight director and removes the Command
Bars. If the autopilot is engaged, the key is disabled.
Transfers between the active flight director and standby flight director
Selects/deselects Altitude Hold Mode
Selects/deselects Vertical Speed Mode
Selects/deselects Flight Level Change Mode
Adjust the Selected Course in 1° increments on the Horizontal Situation Indicator
(HSI) of the corresponding PFD
Press to re-center the Course Deviation Indicator (CDI) and return course pointer
directly TO the bearing of the active waypoint/station
If pressed, “SPD NOT AVAIL” annunciation appears on the PFD.
Selects/deselects Approach Mode
EIS
4
HDG Key
APR Key
XFR Key
6 ALT Key
7 VS Key
8 FLC Key
17 CRS Knobs
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
5
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
9
10
SPD Key
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
(Disabled)
11 NOSE UP/DN
Wheel
12 VNV Key
13 ALT SEL Knob
14
15
16
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
18
INDEX
APPENDICES
19
YD Key
AP Key
BANK Key
BC Key
HDG Knob
Adjusts the reference in Pitch Hold, Vertical Speed, and Flight Level Change modes
(see Table 7-2 for change increments in each mode)
Selects/deselects Vertical Path Tracking Mode for Vertical Navigation flight control
Controls the Selected Altitude in 100-ft increments (a finer resolution of 10 feet is
available under approach conditions)
Engages/disengages the yaw damper
Engages/disengages the autopilot
Manually selects/deselects Low Bank Mode
Selects/deselects Backcourse Mode
Adjusts the Selected Heading and bug in 1° increments on the HSI (both PFDs)
Press to synchronize the Selected Heading to the current heading
1
2
3
4
19
18
17
16
5
15
14
6
7
13
12
8 Annunciator Light
11
10
9
Figure 7-1 GMC 710 AFCS Control Unit
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
ADDITIONAL AFCS CONTROLS
The following controls used for the AFCS are located in the cockpit separately from the AFCS Control Unit:
An AP DISC Switch is located on each control wheel.
This switch may be used to acknowledge an autopilot disconnect alert and mute the
associated aural tone.
EIS
CWS Button
(Control Wheel
Steering)
Disengages the autopilot and yaw damper and interrupts pitch trim operation
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
AP DISC Switch
(Autopilot
Disconnect)
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
While pressed, allows manual control of the aircraft while the autopilot is engaged and
synchronizes the flight director’s Command Bars with the current aircraft pitch (if
not in a Vertical Navigation, Glideslope, or Glidepath Mode) and roll (if in Roll Hold
Mode)
A CWS Button is located on each control wheel.
GA Switch
(Go Around)
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Upon release of the CWS Button, the flight director may establish new pitch and roll
references, depending on the current vertical and lateral modes. CWS operation
details are discussed in the respective mode sections of this manual.
Disengages the autopilot and selects flight director Takeoff (on ground) or Go Around
(in air) Mode
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
If an approach procedure is loaded this switch also activates the missed approach when
the selected navigation source is GPS or when the navigation source is VOR/LOC and
a valid frequency has been tuned.
The GA Switch is located on the throttle.
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Used to command manual electric pitch trim
MEPT Switch
(Manual Electric An MEPT Switch is located on each control wheel.
Pitch Trim)
This composite switch is split into left and right sides. The left switch is the ARM
contact and the right switch controls the DN (forward) and UP (rearward) contacts.
Pushing the MEPT ARM Switch disengages the autopilot, if currently engaged, but
does not affect yaw damper operation. The MEPT ARM Switch may be used to
acknowledge an autopilot disconnect alert and mute the associated aural tone.
APPENDICES
Manual trim commands are generated only when both sides of the switch are operated
simultaneously. If either side of the switch is active separately for more than three
seconds, MEPT function is disabled and ‘PTRM’ is displayed as the AFCS Status
Annunciation on the PFDs. The function remains disabled until both sides of the
switch are inactivated.
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
7.2 FLIGHT DIRECTOR OPERATION
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The flight director function provides pitch and roll commands to the AFCS and displays them on the PFDs.
With the flight director active, the aircraft can be hand-flown to follow the path shown by the Command Bars.
Maximum commanded pitch (-15º, +20º) and roll (22º) angles, vertical acceleration, and roll rate are limited to
values established during AFCS certification. The flight director also provides commands to the autopilot.
ACTIVATING THE FLIGHT DIRECTOR
EIS
An initial press of a key listed in Table 7-1 (when the flight director is not active) activates the pilot-side flight
director in the listed modes. The flight director may be turned off and the Command Bars removed from the
displays by pressing the FD Key again. The FD Key is disabled when the autopilot is engaged.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Control Pressed
ALT Key
VS Key
VNV Key
Lateral
Roll Hold (default)
Roll Hold (default)
Roll Hold (default)
Takeoff (on ground)
Go Around (in air)
Roll Hold (default)
Roll Hold (default)
Roll Hold (default)
NAV Key
Navigation**
BC Key
Backcourse***
APR Key
Approach**
HDG Key
Heading Select
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
FD Key
AP Key
CWS Button
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
GA Switch
Pitch Hold (default)
PIT
Pitch Hold (default)
PIT
Pitch Hold (default)
PIT
Pitch Hold (default)
PIT
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
ROL
ROL
ROL
TO
GA
ROL
ROL
ROL
GPS
VOR
LOC
BC
GPS
VOR
LOC
HDG
Vertical
Pitch Hold (default)
PIT
Pitch Hold (default)
PIT
Pitch Hold (default)
PIT
Takeoff (on ground)
TO
Go Around (in air)
GA
Altitude Hold
ALT
Vertical Speed
VS
Vertical Path Tracking* VPTH
*Valid VNV flight plan must be entered before VNV Key press activates flight director.
APPENDICES
AFCS
Modes Selected
Table 7-1 Flight Director Activation
**The selected navigation receiver must have a valid VOR or LOC signal or active GPS
course before NAV or APR Key press activates flight director.
INDEX
***The selected navigation receiver must have a valid LOC signal before BC Key press
activates flight director.
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AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
AFCS STATUS BOX
Lateral Modes
Yaw
Autopilot Damper
Status
Status
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Flight director mode annunciations are displayed on the PFDs when the flight director is active. Flight
director selection and autopilot and yaw damper statuses are shown in the center of the AFCS Status Box.
Lateral flight director modes are displayed on the left and vertical on the right. Armed modes are displayed in
white and active in green.
Vertical Modes
EIS
Armed
Active
Flight Director Active
Indicator Arrow
Mode
Reference
Armed
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
AFCS Status Box
Selected
Altitude
Command
Bars
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Vertical
Speed
Reference
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Selected
Course
Selected
Heading
GPS is
Selected
Navigation
Source
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Figure 7-2 PFD AFCS Display
APPENDICES
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
FLIGHT DIRECTOR MODES
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Flight director modes are normally selected independently for the pitch and roll axes. Unless otherwise
specified, all mode keys are alternate action (i.e., press on, press off). In the absence of specific mode selection,
the flight director reverts to the default pitch and/or roll modes(s). Mode keys on the AFCS controller are
accompanied by annunciator lights (Figure 7-1) which are illuminated when their respective modes are armed
or active.
EIS
Armed modes are annunciated in white and active modes are annunciated in green in the AFCS Status Box.
Under normal operation, when the control for the active flight director mode are pressed, the flight director
reverts to the default mode(s) for the axis(es). Automatic transition from armed to active mode is indicated by
the white armed mode annunciation moving to the green active mode field and flashing for 10 seconds.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
If the information required to compute a flight director mode becomes invalid or unavailable, the flight
director automatically reverts to the default mode for that axis. A flashing yellow mode annunciation and
annunciator light indicate loss of sensor (ADC) or navigation data (VOR, LOC, GPS, VNV, WAAS) required to
compute commands. When such a loss occurs, the system automatically begins to roll the wings level (enters
Roll Hold Mode) or maintain the pitch angle (enters Pitch Hold Mode), depending on the affected axis. The
flashing annunciation stops when the affected mode key is pressed or another mode for the axis is selected. If
after 10 seconds no action is taken, the flashing annunciation stops.
Figure 7-3 Loss of VOR Signal
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
The flight director is automatically disabled if the attitude information required to compute the default flight
director modes becomes invalid or unavailable.
SWITCHING FLIGHT DIRECTORS
AFCS
The GFC 700 in the Cessna Caravan has two flight directors, each operating within an IAU. Only one flight
director is active (selected) at a time. Flight directors may be switched by pressing the XFR Key. Both PFDs
display the selected flight director, indicated by an arrow pointing toward either the pilot or copilot side, in the
center of the AFCS Status Box. The annunciator light arrow for the selected flight director is also illuminated
beside the XFR Key. When the flight directors are switched, the vertical and lateral modes revert to default.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Pilot-side Flight Director Selected
APPENDICES
Copilot-side Flight Director Selected
INDEX
Figure 7-4 Flight Director Selection Indications
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AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
COMMAND BARS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Upon activation of the flight director, Command Bars are displayed in magenta on the PFDs as single cues.
The Command Bars do not override the Aircraft Symbol. The Command Bars move together vertically to
indicate pitch commands and bank left or right to indicate roll commands.
Command Bars
Aircraft Symbol
EIS
Figure 7-5 Single-cue Command Bars
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
If the attitude information being sent to the flight director becomes invalid or unavailable, the Command Bars
are removed from the display. The flight director Command Bars also disappear if the pitch exceeds +30˚/-20˚
or bank exceeds 65˚.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
7.3 VERTICAL MODES
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Table 7-2 lists the vertical modes with their corresponding controls and annunciations. The mode reference is
displayed next to the active mode annunciation for Altitude Hold, Vertical Speed, and Flight Level Change modes.
The NOSE UP/DN Wheel can be used to change the vertical mode reference while operating under Pitch Hold,
Vertical Speed, or Flight Level Change Mode. Increments of change and acceptable ranges of values for each of
these references using the NOSE UP/DN Wheel are also listed in the table.
EIS
Vertical Mode
Description
Holds aircraft pitch attitude; may
be used to climb/descend to the
Selected Altitude
Selected Altitude Capture
Captures the Selected Altitude
Altitude Hold
Holds current Altitude Reference
Holds aircraft vertical speed; may
Vertical Speed
be used to climb/descend to the
Selected Altitude
Holds aircraft airspeed in IAS while
Flight Level Change, IAS Hold aircraft is climbing/descending to the
Selected Altitude
Captures and tracks descent legs of
Vertical Path Tracking
an active vertical profile
Captures the Vertical Navigation
VNV Target Altitude Capture
(VNV) Target Altitude
Captures and tracks the WAAS
Glidepath
glidepath on approach
Captures and tracks the ILS
Glideslope
glideslope on approach
Disengages the autopilot and
commands a constant pitch angle
Takeoff (on ground)
and wings level on the ground in
preparation for takeoff
Disengages the autopilot and
Go Around (in air)
commands a constant pitch angle
and wings level while in the air
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Pitch Hold
Control Annunciation
Reference
Range
Reference
Change
Increment
(default)
-15º to +20º
0.5°
PIT
*
ALTS
ALT Key ALT nnnnn FT
VS Key
VS nnnn FPM
-3000 to
+2000 fpm
100 fpm
FLC Key
FLC nnn KT
80 to 175 kt
1 kt
VNV Key
VPTH
**
ALTV
GP
APR Key
GS
TO
7º
GA
7º
GA
Switch
* ALTS is armed automatically when PIT, VS, FLC, TO, or GA is active, and under VPTH when the Selected Altitude is to be
captured instead of the VNV Target Altitude.
** ALTV is armed automatically under VPTH when the VNV Target Altitude is to be captured instead of the Selected Altitude.
INDEX
Table 7-2 Flight Director Vertical Modes
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AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
PITCH HOLD MODE (PIT)
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
When the flight director is activated (the FD Key is pressed) or switched (the XFR Key is pressed), Pitch Hold
Mode is selected by default. Pitch Hold Mode is indicated as the active vertical mode by the ‘PIT’ annunciation.
This mode may be used for climb or descent to the Selected Altitude (shown above the Altimeter), since
Selected Altitude Capture Mode is automatically armed when Pitch Hold Mode is activated.
In Pitch Hold Mode, the flight director maintains a constant pitch attitude, the pitch reference. The pitch
reference is set to the aircraft pitch attitude at the moment of mode selection. If the aircraft pitch attitude
exceeds the flight director pitch command limitations, the flight director commands a pitch angle equal to the
nose-up/down limit.
EIS
CHANGING THE PITCH REFERENCE
When operating in Pitch Hold Mode, the pitch reference can be adjusted by:
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
• Using the NOSE UP/DN Wheel
• Pressing the CWS Button, hand-flying the aircraft to establish a new pitch reference, then releasing the
CWS Button
Selected Altitude
Capture Mode Armed
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Pitch Hold
Mode Active
Selected
Altitude
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Command Bars
Maintain Desired
Pitch Reference
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
Figure 7-6 Pitch Hold Mode
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
SELECTED ALTITUDE CAPTURE MODE (ALTS)
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Selected Altitude Capture Mode is automatically armed with activation of the following modes:
• Pitch Hold
• Go Around
• Vertical Speed
• Vertical Path Tracking (if the Selected Altitude is to
be captured instead of the VNV Target Altitude)
• Flight Level Change
EIS
The white ‘ALTS’ annunciation indicates Selected Altitude Capture Mode is armed (see Figure 7-6 for example).
The ALT SEL Knob is used to set the Selected Altitude (shown above the Altimeter) until Selected Altitude
Capture Mode becomes active.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
As the aircraft nears the Selected Altitude, the flight director automatically transitions to Selected Altitude
Capture Mode with Altitude Hold Mode armed (Figure 7-7). This automatic transition is indicated by the green
‘ALTS’ annunciation flashing for up to 10 seconds and the appearance of the white ‘ALT’ annunciation. The
Selected Altitude is shown as the Altitude Reference beside the ‘ALTS’ annunciation.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
At 50 feet from the Selected Altitude, the flight director automatically transitions from Selected Altitude
Capture to Altitude Hold Mode and holds the Selected Altitude (shown as the Altitude Reference). As Altitude
Hold Mode becomes active, the white ‘ALT’ annunciation moves to the active vertical mode field and flashes
green for 10 seconds to indicate the automatic transition.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Altitude Reference
(in this case, equal to
Selected Altitude)
Flash up to 10 sec, Indicating Automatic Transition
AFCS
Figure 7-7 Automatic Mode Transitions During Altitude Capture
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
CHANGING THE SELECTED ALTITUDE
NOTE: Pressing the CWS Button while in Selected Altitude Capture Mode does not cancel the mode.
INDEX
APPENDICES
Use of the ALT SEL Knob to change the Selected Altitude while Selected Altitude Capture Mode is active
causes the flight director to revert to Pitch Hold Mode with Selected Altitude Capture Mode armed for the
new Selected Altitude.
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AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
ALTITUDE HOLD MODE (ALT)
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Altitude Hold Mode can be activated by pressing the ALT Key; the flight director maintains the current aircraft
altitude (to the nearest 10 feet) as the Altitude Reference. The flight director’s Altitude Reference, shown in the
AFCS Status Box, is independent of the Selected Altitude, displayed above the Altimeter. Altitude Hold Mode
active is indicated by a green ‘ALT’ annunciation in the AFCS Status Box.
Altitude Hold Mode is automatically armed when the flight director is in Selected Altitude Capture Mode (see
Figure 7-7). Selected Altitude Capture Mode automatically transitions to Altitude Hold Mode when the altitude
error is less than 50 feet. In this case, the Selected Altitude becomes the flight director’s Altitude Reference.
EIS
CHANGING THE ALTITUDE REFERENCE
NOTE: Turning the ALT SEL Knob while in Altitude Hold Mode changes the Selected Altitude, but not the
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
flight director’s Altitude Reference, and does not cancel the mode.
With the CWS Button depressed, the aircraft can be hand-flown to a new Altitude Reference. When the
CWS Button is released at the desired altitude, the new altitude is established as the Altitude Reference.
Altitude
Reference
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Altitude Hold
Mode Active
Selected
Altitude
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Selected
Altitude
Bug
Command Bars
Hold Pitch Attitude
to Maintain
Altitude Reference
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
Figure 7-8 Altitude Hold Mode
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
VERTICAL SPEED MODE (VS)
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
In Vertical Speed Mode, the flight director acquires and maintains a Vertical Speed Reference. Current aircraft
vertical speed (to the nearest 100 fpm) becomes the Vertical Speed Reference at the moment of Vertical Speed
Mode activation. This mode may be used for climb or descent to the Selected Altitude (shown above the
Altimeter) since Selected Altitude Capture Mode is automatically armed when Vertical Speed Mode is selected.
EIS
When Vertical Speed Mode is activated by pressing the VS Key, ‘VS’ is annunciated in green in the AFCS Status
Box along with the Vertical Speed Reference. The Vertical Speed Reference is also displayed above the Vertical
Speed Indicator. A Vertical Speed Reference Bug corresponding to the Vertical Speed Reference is shown on
the indicator.
CHANGING THE VERTICAL SPEED REFERENCE
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
The Vertical Speed Reference (shown both in the AFCS Status Box and above the Vertical Speed Indicator)
may be changed by:
• Using the NOSE UP/DN Wheel
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
• Pressing the CWS Button, hand-flying the aircraft to attain a new Vertical Speed Reference, then releasing
the CWS Button
NOTE: If the Selected Altitude is reached during CWS maneuvering, the Altitude Reference is not changed.
To adjust the Altitude Reference in this case, the CWS Button must be pressed again after the Selected
Altitude is reached.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Vertical
Selected
Vertical Speed Speed Altitude Capture
Mode Active Reference Mode Armed
Selected
Altitude
AFCS
Vertical
Speed
Reference
Vertical
Speed
Reference
Bug
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Command
Bars Indicate
Climb to Attain
Vertical Speed
Reference
Figure 7-9 Vertical Speed Hold Mode
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AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
FLIGHT LEVEL CHANGE MODE (FLC)
NOTE: The Selected Altitude should be set before selecting Flight Level Change Mode.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Flight Level Change Mode is selected by pressing the FLC Key. This mode acquires and maintains the
Airspeed Reference in IAS while climbing or descending to the Selected Altitude (shown above the Altimeter).
When Flight Level Change Mode is active, the flight director continuously monitors Selected Altitude, airspeed,
and altitude.
EIS
The Airspeed Reference is set to the current airspeed upon mode activation. Flight Level Change Mode is
indicated by a green ‘FLC’ annunciation beside the Airspeed Reference in the AFCS Status Box. The Airspeed
Reference is also displayed directly above the Airspeed Indicator, along with a bug corresponding to the Airspeed
Reference along the tape.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Engine power must be adjusted to allow the autopilot to fly the aircraft at a pitch attitude corresponding
to the desired flight profile (climb or descent) while maintaining the Airspeed Reference. The flight director
maintains the current altitude until either engine power or the Airspeed Reference are adjusted and does not
allow the aircraft to climb or descend away from the Selected Altitude.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
CHANGING THE AIRSPEED REFERENCE
The Airspeed Reference (shown in both the AFCS Status Box and above the Airspeed Indicator) may be
adjusted by:
• Using the NOSE UP/DN Wheel
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
• Pressing the CWS Button, hand-flying the aircraft to attain a new Airspeed Reference, then releasing the
CWS Button
NOTE: If the Selected Altitude is reached during CWS maneuvering, the Altitude Reference is not changed.
AFCS
To adjust the Altitude Reference in this case, the CWS Button must be pressed again after the Selected
Altitude is reached.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Flight Level
Selected
Change Mode Airspeed Altitude Capture
Active
Reference Mode Armed
Airspeed
Reference
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EIS
Airspeed
Reference
Bug
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure 7-10 Flight Level Change Mode (IAS)
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AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
VERTICAL NAVIGATION MODES (VPTH, ALTV)
NOTE: VNV is disabled when parallel track or Dead Reckoning Mode is active.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
NOTE: The Selected Altitude takes precedence over any other vertical constraints.
Vertical Navigation (VNV) flight control is available for enroute/terminal cruise and descent operations any
time that VNV flight planning is available. Refer to the Flight Management Section for more information on
VNV flight plans. Conditions for availability include, but are not limited to:
EIS
• The selected navigation source is GPS.
• A VNV flight plan (with at least one altitude-constrained waypoint) or vertical direct-to is active.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
• VNV is enabled (VNV ENBL Softkey pressed on the MFD).
• Crosstrack error is valid and within certain limits.
• Desired/actual track are valid or track angle error is within certain limits.
• The VNV Target Altitude of the active waypoint is no more than 250 ft above the current aircraft altitude.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
The flight director may be armed for VNV at any time, but no target altitudes are captured during a climb.
The Command Bars provide vertical profile guidance based on specified altitudes (entered manually or loaded
from the database) at waypoints in the active flight plan or vertical direct-to. The appropriate VNV flight control
modes are sequenced by the flight director to follow the path defined by the vertical profile. Upon reaching
the last waypoint in the VNV flight plan, the flight director transitions to Altitude Hold Mode and cancels any
armed VNV modes.
VERTICAL PATH TRACKING MODE (VPTH)
NOTE: If another vertical mode key is pressed while Vertical Path Tracking Mode is selected, Vertical Path
AFCS
Tracking Mode reverts to armed.
NOTE: Pressing the CWS Button while Vertical Path Tracking Mode is active does not cancel the mode. The
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
autopilot guides the aircraft back to the descent path upon release of the CWS Button.
APPENDICES
When a vertical profile (VNV flight plan) is active and the VNV Key is pressed, Vertical Path Tracking
Mode is armed in preparation for descent path capture. ‘VPTH’ (or ‘/V’ when Glidepath or Glideslope Mode
is concurrently armed) is annunciated in white in addition to previously armed modes. If applicable, the
appropriate altitude capture mode is armed for capture of the next VNV Target Altitude (ALTV) or the Selected
Altitude (ALTS), whichever is greater.
INDEX
Figure 7-11 Vertical Path Tracking Armed Annunciations
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
Prior to descent path interception, the Selected Altitude must be set below the current aircraft altitude
by at least 75 feet. For the flight director to transition from Altitude Hold to Vertical Path Tracking Mode,
acknowledgment is required within one minute of descent path interception by:
• Adjusting the Selected Altitude
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
• Pressing the VNV Key
If acknowledgment is not received within one minute of descent path interception, the white ‘VPTH’
annunciation and the VNV Key annunciator light start to flash. Flashing continues until acknowledged or the
descent path is intercepted. If the descent is not confirmed by the time of interception, Vertical Path Tracking
Mode remains armed and the descent is not captured.
EIS
In conjunction with the “TOD [top of descent] within 1 minute” annunciation in the PFD Navigation Status
Box and the “Vertical track” voice message, VNV indications (VNV Target Altitude, vertical deviation, and
vertical speed required) appear on the PFDs in magenta (Figure 7-12).
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Altitude Hold
Mode Active
Vertical Path Tracking
Armed, (Flashing Indicates
Acknowledgment Required)
VNV Target
Altitude
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Selected
Altitude
Below VNV
Target
Vertical
Deviation
Indicator
Required
Vertical
Speed Bug
Enroute
Phase of
Flight
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
GPS is
Selected
Navigation
Source
INDEX
APPENDICES
Figure 7-12 Vertical Path Capture
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AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
When a descent leg is captured (i.e., vertical deviation becomes valid), Vertical Path Tracking becomes
active and tracks the descent profile (Figure 7-13). An altitude capture mode (‘ALTS’ or ‘ALTV’) is armed as
appropriate.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Vertical Path VNV Target Altitude
Tracking Active
Capture Armed
VNV Target
Altitude
EIS
Vertical
Deviation
Indicator
(VDI)
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
GPS is
Selected
Navigation
Source
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Required
Vertical
Speed
Indication
(RVSI)
Terminal
Phase of
Flight
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure 7-13 Vertical Path Tracking Mode
AFCS
If the altimeter barometric setting is adjusted while Vertical Path Tracking is active, the flight director
increases/decreases the descent rate by up to 500 fpm to re-establish the aircraft on the descent path (without
commanding a climb). Adjusting the altimeter barometric setting creates discontinuities in VNV vertical
deviation, moving the descent path. For large adjustments, it may take several minutes for the aircraft to reestablish on the descent path. If the change is made while nearing a waypoint with a VNV Target Altitude,
the aircraft may not re-establish on the descent path in time to meet the vertical constraint.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
AUTOMATIC REVERSION TO PITCH HOLD MODE
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
• Vertical deviation exceeds 200 feet during an overspeed condition.
Several situations can occur while Vertical Path Tracking Mode is active which cause the flight director to
revert to Pitch Hold Mode:
• Vertical deviation experiences a discontinuity that both exceeds 200 feet in magnitude and results in the
vertical deviation exceeding 200 feet in magnitude. Such discontinuities are usually caused by flight plan
changes that affect the vertical profile.
• Vertical deviation becomes invalid (the Vertical Deviation Indicator is removed from the PFD).
EIS
• A display enters Reversionary Mode (this does not apply to an active vertical direct-to).
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Unless VNV is disabled, Vertical Path Tracking Mode and the appropriate altitude capture mode become
armed following the reversion to Pitch Hold Mode to allow for possible profile recapture.
NON-PATH DESCENTS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Pitch Hold, Vertical Speed, and Flight Level Change modes can also be used to fly non-path descents
while VNV flight control is selected. If the VS or FLC Key is pressed while Vertical Path Tracking Mode is
selected, Vertical Path Tracking Mode reverts to armed along with the appropriate altitude capture mode to
allow profile re-capture.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure 7-14 Flight Level Change VNV Non-Path Descent
To prevent immediate profile re-capture, the following must be satisfied:
• At least 10 seconds have passed since the non-path transition was initiated
• Vertical deviation from the profile has exceeded 250 feet, but is now less than 200 feet
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
Pressing the VNV Key twice re-arms Vertical Path Tracking for immediate profile re-capture.
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AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
VNV TARGET ALTITUDE CAPTURE MODE (ALTV)
NOTE: Armed VNV Target Altitude and Selected Altitude capture modes are mutually exclusive. However,
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Selected Altitude Capture Mode is armed implicitly (not annunciated) whenever VNV Target Altitude Capture
Mode is armed.
EIS
VNV Target Altitude Capture is analogous to Selected Altitude Capture Mode and is armed automatically
after the VNV Key is pressed and the next VNV Target Altitude is to be intercepted before the Selected
Altitude. The annunciation ‘ALTV’ indicates that the VNV Target Altitude is to be captured. VNV Target
Altitudes are shown in the active flight plan or vertical direct-to, and can be entered manually or loaded
from a database (see the Flight Management Section for details). At the same time as “TOD within 1 minute”
is annunciated in the Navigation Status Box, the active VNV Target Altitude is displayed above the Vertical
Speed Indicator (see Figure 7-12).
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
As the aircraft nears the VNV Target Altitude, the flight director automatically transitions to VNV Target
Altitude Capture Mode with Altitude Hold Mode armed. This automatic transition is indicated by the green
‘ALTV’ annunciation flashing for up to 10 seconds and the appearance of the white ‘ALT” annunciation. The
VNV Target Altitude is shown as the Altitude Reference beside the ‘ALTV’ annunciation and remains displayed
above the Vertical Speed Indicator. The Required Vertical Speed Indication (RVSI) is removed once VNV
Target Altitude Capture Mode becomes active.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
At 50 feet from the VNV Target Altitude, the flight director automatically transitions from VNV Target
Altitude Capture to Altitude Hold Mode and tracks the level leg. As Altitude Hold Mode becomes active, the
white ‘ALT’ annunciation moves to the active vertical mode field and flashes green for 10 seconds to indicate
the automatic transition. The flight director automatically arms Vertical Path Tracking, allowing upcoming
descent legs to be captured and subsequently tracked.
Altitude Reference (In This Case,
Equal To VNV Altitude Target)
AFCS
Flash up to 10 sec, Indicating Automatic Transition
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Figure 7-15 Automatic Mode Transitions During Altitude Capture
CHANGING THE VNV TARGET ALTITUDE
APPENDICES
NOTE: Pressing the CWS Button while in VNV Target Altitude Capture Mode does not cancel the mode.
Changing the current VNV Target Altitude while VNV Target Altitude Capture Mode is active causes the
flight director to revert to Pitch Hold Mode. Vertical Path Tracking and the appropriate altitude capture
mode are armed in preparation to capture the new VNV Target Altitude or the Selected Altitude, depending
on which altitude is to be intercepted first.
INDEX
VNV target altitudes can be changed while editing the active flight plan (see the Flight Management
Section for details).
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
GLIDEPATH MODE (GP) (WAAS ONLY)
NOTE: Pressing the CWS Button while Glidepath Mode is active does not cancel the mode. The autopilot
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
guides the aircraft back to the glidepath upon release of the CWS Button.
Glidepath Mode is used to track the WAAS-based glidepath. When Glidepath Mode is armed, ‘GP’ is
annunciated in white in the AFCS Status Box.
Selecting Glidepath Mode (WAAS Only):
EIS
1) Ensure a GPS approach with vertical guidance (LPV, LNAV/VNAV, LNAV+V) is loaded into the active flight plan.
The active waypoint must be part of the flight plan (cannot be a direct-to a waypoint not in the flight plan).
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
2) Ensure that GPS is the selected navigation source (use the CDI Softkey to cycle through navigation sources if
necessary).
3) Press the APR Key.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Upon reaching the glidepath, the flight director transitions to Glidepath Mode and begins to capture and
track the glidepath.
Figure 7-16 Glidepath Mode Armed
Once the following conditions have been met, the glidepath can be captured:
• The active waypoint is at or after the final approach fix (FAF).
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
• Vertical deviation is valid.
• The CDI is at less than full scale deviation
• Automatic sequencing of waypoints has not been suspended (no ‘SUSP’ annunciation on the HSI)
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
GPS Approach
Mode Active
Glidepath
Mode Active
Command
Bars Indicate
Descent on
Glidepath
Glidepath
Indicator
GPS is
Selected
Navigation
Source
LPV
Approach
Active
Figure 7-17 Glidepath Mode
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AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
GLIDESLOPE MODE (GS)
NOTE: Pressing the CWS Button while Glideslope Mode is active does not cancel the mode. The autopilot
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
guides the aircraft back to the glideslope upon release of the CWS Button.
Glideslope Mode is available for LOC/ILS approaches to capture and track the glideslope. When Glideslope
Mode is armed (annunciated as ‘GS’ in white), LOC Approach Mode is armed as the lateral flight director
mode.
Selecting Glideslope Mode:
EIS
1) Ensure a valid localizer frequency is tuned.
2) Ensure that LOC is the selected navigation source (use the CDI Softkey to cycle through navigation sources if
necessary).
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
3) Press the APR Key.
Or:
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
1) Ensure that GPS is the selected navigation source (use the CDI Softkey to cycle through navigation sources if
necessary).
2) Ensure a LOC/ILS approach is loaded into the active flight plan.
3) Ensure the corresponding LOC frequency is tuned.
4) Press the APR Key.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure 7-18 Glideslope Mode Armed
Once LOC is the navigation source, the localizer and glideslope can be captured. Upon reaching the glideslope,
the flight director transitions to Glideslope Mode and begins to capture and track the glideslope.
Glideslope
Mode Active
AFCS
Approach
Mode Active
Active ILS
Frequency
Tuned
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Command
Bars Indicate
Descent on
Localizer/
Glideslope Path
Glideslope
Indicator
APPENDICES
INDEX
NAV2
(localizer)
is Selected
Navigation
Source
Figure 7-19 Glideslope Mode
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
TAKEOFF (TO) AND GO AROUND (GA) MODES
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Go Around and Takeoff modes are coupled pitch and roll modes and are annunciated as both the vertical and
lateral modes when active. In these modes, the flight director commands a constant set pitch attitude and keeps
the wings level. The GA Switch is used to select both modes. The mode entered by the flight director depends
on whether the aircraft is on the ground.
Takeoff Mode provides an attitude reference during rotation and takeoff. This mode can be selected only
while on the ground by pushing the GA Switch. The flight director Command Bars assume a wings-level,
pitch-up attitude.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EIS
Pressing the GA Switch while in the air activates the flight director in a wings-level, pitch-up attitude,
allowing the execution of a missed approach or a go around. Go Around Mode disengages the autopilot and
arms Selected Altitude Capture Mode automatically. Subsequent autopilot engagement is allowed. Attempts
to modify the aircraft attitude (i.e., with the NOSE UP/DN Wheel or CWS Button) result in reversion to Pitch
and Roll Hold modes.
Autopilot Disconnect
Annunciation Flashes
Yellow 5 sec
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Go Around
Mode Active
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
Command
Bars Indicate
Climb
APPENDICES
Figure 7-20 Go Around Mode
Takeoff Mode Active
INDEX
Figure 7-21 Takeoff Mode
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AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
7.4 LATERAL MODES
Lateral Mode
Description
Control Annunciation
Roll Hold
Low Bank
Navigation, GPS
Navigation, VOR Enroute Capture/Track
HDG
22º
GPS
22º
22º Capture
10º Track
22º Capture
10º Track
VOR
BC Key
BC
GPS
Approach, VOR Capture/Track
Captures and tracks the
selected navigation source (GPS,
VOR, LOC)
VAPP
LOC
22º
22º Capture
10º Track
22º Capture
10º Track
TO
Wings Level
GA
Wings Level
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
GA
Switch
APPENDICES
Disengages the autopilot and
commands a constant pitch
angle and wings level on the
ground in preparation for
takeoff
Disengages the autopilot and
commands a constant pitch
angle and wings level while in
the air
APR
Key
22º Capture
10º Track
AFCS
Approach, LOC Capture/Track
(Glideslope Mode automatically armed)
Go Around (in air)
15°
LOC
Approach, GPS
Takeoff (on ground)
*
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Captures and tracks a
localizer signal for backcourse
approaches
Backcourse Capture/Track
NAV
Key
22º
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Navigation, LOC Capture/Track
(No Glideslope)
Captures and tracks the
selected navigation source (GPS,
VOR, LOC)
ROL
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Heading Select
Maximum Roll
Command Limit
EIS
Holds the current aircraft roll
attitude or rolls the wings level,
(default)
depending on the commanded
bank angle
BANK
Limits the maximum
commanded roll angle
Key
Captures and tracks the
HDG
Key
Selected Heading
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The following table relates each GFC 700 lateral mode to its respective control and annunciation. Refer to the
vertical modes section for information regarding Takeoff and Go Around modes.
* No annunciation appears in the AFCS Status Box. The acceptable bank angle range is indicated in green along the Roll
Scale of the Attitude Indicator.
The GFC 700 limits turn rate to 3 degrees per second (standard rate turn).
Table 7-3 Flight Director Lateral Modes
INDEX
The CWS Button does not change lateral references for Heading Select, Navigation, Backcourse, or Approach
modes. The autopilot guides the aircraft back to the Selected Heading/Course upon release of the CWS Button.
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
ROLL HOLD MODE (ROL)
NOTE: If Roll Hold Mode is activated as a result of a mode reversion, the flight director rolls the wings
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
level.
When the flight director is activated or switched, Roll Hold Mode is selected by default. This mode is
annunciated as ‘ROL’ in the AFCS Status Box. The current aircraft bank angle is held, subject to the bank angle
condition.
EIS
Bank Angle
< 6°
6 to 22°
> 22°
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Figure 7-22 Roll Hold Mode Annunciation
Flight Director Response
Rolls wings level
Maintains current aircraft roll attitude
Limits bank to 22°
Table 7-4 Roll Hold Mode Responses
CHANGING THE ROLL REFERENCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
The roll reference can be changed by pressing the CWS Button, establishing the desired bank angle, then
releasing the CWS Button.
LOW BANK MODE
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
When in Low Bank Mode, the flight director limits the maximum commanded roll angle to 15°. Low bank
arc limits are displayed in green along the Roll Scale.
AFCS
Low Bank Mode can be manually selected/deselected by pressing the BANK Key while in Heading Select or
Navigation Modes (GPS and VOR). Low Bank Mode is activated automatically above 25,000 feet. The flight
director deactivates Low Bank Mode when descending through 25,000 feet. The annunciator light next to the
BANK Key illuminates while Low Bank Mode is selected.
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Low Bank Arc
INDEX
Figure 7-23 Low Bank Mode Limits
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AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
HEADING SELECT MODE (HDG)
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Heading Select Mode is activated by pressing the HDG Key. Heading Select Mode acquires and maintains the
Selected Heading. The Selected Heading is shown by a light blue bug on the HSI and in the box to the upper
left of the HSI.
CHANGING THE SELECTED HEADING
NOTE: Pressing the HDG Knob synchronizes the Selected Heading to the current heading.
EIS
The Selected Heading is adjusted using the HDG Knob on either PFD. Pressing the CWS Button and handflying the aircraft does not change the Selected Heading. The autopilot guides the aircraft back to the Selected
Heading upon release of the CWS Button.
Heading Select
Mode Active
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Turns are commanded in the same direction as Selected Heading Bug movement, even if the bug is turned
more than 180° from the present heading (e.g., a 270° turn to the right). However, Selected Heading changes
of more than 330° at a time result in turn reversals.
Pitch Hold
Mode Active
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Command
Bars Track
Selected
Heading
AFCS
Selected
Heading
Selected
Heading
Bug
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Figure 7-24 Heading Select Mode
APPENDICES
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
NAVIGATION MODE (GPS, VOR, LOC)
NOTE: The selected navigation receiver must have a valid VOR or LOC signal or active GPS course for the
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
flight director to enter Navigation Mode.
EIS
Pressing the NAV Key selects Navigation Mode. Navigation Mode acquires and tracks the selected navigation
source (GPS, VOR, LOC). The flight director follows GPS roll steering commands when GPS is the selected
navigation source. When the navigation source is VOR or LOC, the flight director creates roll steering commands
from the Selected Course and deviation. Navigation Mode can also be used to fly non-precision GPS and LOC
approaches where vertical guidance is not required.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
If the Course Deviation Indicator (CDI) shows greater than one dot when the NAV Key is pressed, the selected
mode is armed. If the CDI shows less than one dot, Navigation Mode is automatically captured when the NAV
Key is pressed. The armed annunciation appears in white to the left of the active lateral mode.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Figure 7-25 GPS Navigation Mode Armed
When the CDI has automatically switched from GPS to LOC during a LOC/ILS approach, GPS Navigation
Mode remains active, providing GPS steering guidance until the localizer signal is captured. LOC Navigation
Mode is armed automatically when the navigation source switch takes place if the APR Key is not pressed prior
to the automatic source switch.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
If Navigation Mode is active and either of the following occur, the flight director reverts to Roll Hold Mode
(wings rolled level):
• Different VOR tuned while in VOR Navigation Mode (VOR Navigation Mode reverts to armed)
• Navigation source manually switched (with the CDI Softkey)
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
• During a LOC/ILS approach, the FAF is crossed while in GPS Navigation Mode after the automatic navigation
source switch from GPS to LOC
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AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
CHANGING THE SELECTED COURSE
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
If the navigation source is VOR or localizer, or OBS Mode has been enabled when using GPS, the Selected
Course is controlled using the CRS Knob corresponding to the selected flight director (CRS1 for the pilot
side, CRS2 for the copilot side).
Pressing the CWS Button and hand-flying the aircraft does not change the Selected Course while in
Navigation Mode. The autopilot guides the aircraft back to the Selected Course (or GPS flight plan) when the
CWS Button is released.
GPS Navigation
Mode Active
Pitch Hold
Mode Active
EIS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Command Bars
Indicate Left Turn
to Track GPS
Course and Climb
to Intercept
Selected Altitude
Selected
Course
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
GPS is
Selected
Navigation
Source
AFCS
Figure 7-26 Navigation Mode
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
APPROACH MODE (GPS, VAPP, LOC)
NOTE: The selected navigation receiver must have a valid VOR or LOC signal or active GPS course for the
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
flight director to enter Approach Mode.
EIS
Approach Mode is activated when the APR Key is pressed. Approach Mode acquires and tracks the selected
navigation source (GPS, VOR, or LOC), depending on loaded approach. This mode uses the selected navigation
receiver deviation and desired course inputs to fly the approach. Pressing the APR Key when the CDI is greater
than one dot arms the selected approach mode (annunciated in white to the left of the active lateral mode). If
the CDI is less than 1 dot, the LOC is automatically captured when the APR Key is pressed.
VOR Approach Mode (VAPP) provides greater sensitivity for signal tracking than VOR Navigation Mode.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Selecting VOR Approach Mode:
1) Ensure a valid VOR frequency is tuned
2) Ensure that VOR is the selected navigation source (use the CDI Softkey to cycle through navigation sources if
necessary).
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
3) Press the APR Key.
When GPS Approach Mode is armed, Glidepath Mode is also armed.
Selecting GPS Approach Mode:
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
1) Ensure a GPS approach is loaded into the active flight plan. The active waypoint must be part of the flight plan
(cannot be a direct-to a waypoint not in the flight plan).
2) Ensure that GPS is the selected navigation source (use the CDI Softkey to cycle through navigation sources if
necessary).
AFCS
3) Press the APR Key.
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Figure 7-27 GPS Approach Mode Armed
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AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
LOC Approach Mode allows the autopilot to fly a LOC/ILS approach with a glideslope. When LOC Approach
Mode is armed, Glideslope Mode is also armed automatically. LOC captures are inhibited if the difference
between aircraft heading and localizer course exceeds 105°.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Selecting LOC Approach Mode:
1) Ensure a valid localizer frequency is tuned.
2) Ensure that LOC is the selected navigation source (use the CDI Softkey to cycle through navigation sources if
necessary).
3) Press the APR Key.
EIS
Or:
1) Ensure that GPS is the selected navigation source (use the CDI Softkey to cycle through navigation sources if
necessary).
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
2) Ensure a LOC/ILS approach is loaded into the active flight plan.
3) Ensure the corresponding LOC frequency is tuned.
4) Press the APR Key.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
If the following occurs, the flight director reverts to Roll Hold Mode (wings rolled level):
• Approach Mode is active and a Vectors-To-Final is activated
• Approach Mode is active and Navigation source is manually switched
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
• During a LOC/ILS approach, GPS Navigation Mode is active and the FAF is crossed after the automatic
navigation source switch from GPS to LOC
CHANGING THE SELECTED COURSE
AFCS
If the navigation source is VOR or localizer, or OBS Mode has been enabled when using GPS, the Selected
Course is controlled using the CRS Knob corresponding to the selected flight director (CRS1 for the pilot
side, CRS2 for the copilot side).
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Pressing the CWS Button and hand-flying the aircraft does not change the Selected Course while in
Approach Mode. The autopilot guides the aircraft back to the Selected Course (or GPS flight plan) when the
CWS Button is released.
APPENDICES
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
BACKCOURSE MODE (BC)
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
Backcourse Mode captures and tracks a localizer signal in the backcourse direction. The mode may be
selected by pressing the BC Key. Backcourse Mode is armed if the CDI is greater than one dot when the mode
is selected. If the CDI is less than one dot, Backcourse Mode is automatically captured when the BC Key is
pressed. The flight director creates roll steering commands from the Selected Course and deviation when in
Backcourse Mode.
NOTE: When making a backcourse approach, set the Selected Course to the localizer front course.
Pitch Hold
Mode Active
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EIS
Backcourse
Mode Active
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
LOC2 is
Selected
Navigation
Source
AFCS
Figure 7-28 Backcourse Mode
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
CHANGING THE SELECTED COURSE
If the navigation source is VOR or localizer, or OBS Mode has been enabled when using GPS, the Selected
Course is controlled using the CRS Knob corresponding to the selected flight director (CRS1 for the pilot
side, CRS2 for the copilot side).
INDEX
APPENDICES
Pressing the CWS Button and hand-flying the aircraft does not reset any reference data while in Backcourse
Mode. The autopilot guides the aircraft back to the Selected Course (or GPS flight plan) when the CWS
Button is released.
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AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
7.5 AUTOPILOT AND YAW DAMPER OPERATION
NOTE: Refer to the POH for specific instructions regarding emergency procedures.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The Cessna Caravan’s autopilot and yaw damper operate the flight control surface servos to provide automatic
flight control. The autopilot controls the aircraft pitch and roll attitudes following commands received from the
flight director. Pitch autotrim provides trim commands to the pitch trim servo to relieve any sustained effort
required by the pitch servo. Autopilot operation is independent of the yaw damper.
EIS
The yaw damper reduces Dutch roll tendencies and coordinates turns. It can operate independently of the
autopilot and may be used during normal hand-flight maneuvers. Yaw rate commands are limited to 6 deg/sec
by the yaw damper.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT CONTROL
Pitch and roll commands are provided to the servos based on the active flight director modes. Yaw damping
is provided by the yaw servo. Servo motor control limits the maximum servo speed and torque. The servo
mounts are equipped with slip-clutches, which allow the pilot to override the servos in case of an emergency.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
PITCH AXIS AND TRIM
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
The autopilot pitch axis uses pitch rate to stabilize the aircraft pitch attitude during flight director maneuvers.
Flight director pitch commands are rate- and attitude-limited, combined with pitch damper control, and sent
to the pitch servo motor. The pitch servo measures the output effort (torque) and provides this signal to the
pitch trim servo. The pitch trim servo commands the motor to reduce the average pitch servo effort.
When the autopilot is not engaged, the pitch trim servo may be used to provide manual electric pitch
trim (MEPT). This allows the aircraft to be trimmed using a control wheel switch rather than the trim
wheel. Manual trim commands are generated only when both halves of the MEPT Switch are operated
simultaneously. Trim speeds are scheduled with airspeed to provide consistent response.
AFCS
ROLL AXIS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
The autopilot roll axis uses roll rate to stabilize aircraft roll attitude during flight director maneuvers. The
flight director roll commands are rate- and attitude-limited, combined with roll damper control, and sent to
the roll servo motor.
YAW AXIS
The yaw damper uses yaw rate and roll attitude to dampen the aircraft’s natural Dutch roll response. It also
uses lateral acceleration to coordinate turns.
APPENDICES
INDEX
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377
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
ENGAGEMENT
NOTE: Autopilot engagement/disengagement is not equivalent to servo engagement/disengagement. Use
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
the CWS Button to disengage the pitch and roll servos while the autopilot remains active.
NOTE: The autopilot cannot be engaged if the yaw damper has failed.
EIS
When the AP Key is pressed, the autopilot, yaw damper, and flight director (if not already active) are activated.
The flight director engages in Pitch and Roll Hold Modes when initially activated. When the YD Key is pressed,
the system engages the yaw damper independently of the autopilot (if not already engaged). Autopilot and yaw
damper status are displayed in the center of the AFCS Status Box. Engagement is indicated by green ‘AP’ and
‘YD’ annunciations, respectively.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Autopilot
Engaged
Yaw Damper
Engaged
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Figure 7-29 Autopilot and Yaw Damper Engaged
CONTROL WHEEL STEERING
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
During autopilot operation, the aircraft may be hand-flown without disengaging the autopilot. Pressing and
holding the CWS Button disengages the pitch and roll servos from the flight control surfaces and allows the
aircraft to be hand-flown. At the same time, the flight director is synchronized to the aircraft attitude during
the maneuver. CWS activity has no effect on yaw damper engagement.
The ‘AP’ annunciation is temporarily replaced by ‘CWS’ in white for the duration of CWS maneuvers.
AFCS
Control Wheel Steering
Figure 7-30 CWS Annunciation
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
In most scenarios, releasing the CWS Button reengages the autopilot with a new reference. Refer to flight
director mode descriptions for specific CWS behavior in each mode.
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AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
DISENGAGEMENT
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The autopilot is manually disengaged by pushing the AP Key on the AFCS Control Unit, the GA Switch, or
the MEPT ARM Switch. Manual autopilot disengagement is indicated by a five-second flashing yellow ‘AP’
annunciation and a three-second autopilot disconnect aural alert.
Figure 7-31 Manual Autopilot Disengagement
EIS
Pushing the AP DISC Switch or YD Key disengages both the yaw damper and the autopilot. When the yaw
damper and autopilot are manually disengaged, both the ‘AP’ and ‘YD’ annunciation turn yellow and flash for 5
seconds and a three-second autopilot disconnect aural alert is generated.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Figure 7-32 Yaw Damper Disengagement
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
After manual disengagement, the autopilot disconnect aural alert may be cancelled by pushing the MEPT ARM
or AP DISC Switch (AP DISC Switch also cancels the flashing ‘AP’ annunciation).
Automatic autopilot disengagement is indicated by a flashing red and white ‘AP’ annunciation and by the
autopilot disconnect aural alert, which continue until acknowledged by pushing the AP DISC or MEPT ARM
Switch. Automatic autopilot disengagement occurs due to:
• Stall warning (YD also disengages)
• Invalid sensor data
• Inability to compute default flight director modes
(FD also disengages automatically)
• Yaw damper failure while both are engaged
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
• System failure
AFCS
Yaw damper disengagement is indicated by a five-second flashing yellow ‘YD’ annunciation. Automatic yaw
damper disengagement occurs when autopilot disengagement is caused by failure in a parameter also affecting
the yaw damper. This means the yaw damper can remain operational in some cases where the autopilot
automatically disengages. A localized failure in the yaw damper system or invalid sensor data also cause yaw
damper disengagement.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Figure 7-33 Automatic Autopilot and Yaw Damper Disengagement
APPENDICES
INDEX
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379
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
7.6 EXAMPLE FLIGHT PLAN
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
NOTE: The following example flight plan and diagrams (not to be used for navigation) in this section are
for instructional purposes only and should be considered not current. Numbered portions of accompanying
diagrams correspond to numbered procedure steps.
EIS
This scenario-based set of procedures (based on the example flight plan found in the Flight Management
Section) shows various GFC 700 AFCS modes used during a flight. In this scenario, the aircraft departs Charles
B. Wheeler Downtown Airport (KMKC), enroute to Colorado Springs Airport (KCOS). After departure, the
aircraft climbs to 12,000 ft and airway V4 is intercepted, following ATC vectors.
0
24
27
24
27
24
30
21
18
15
18
9
24
21
12
15
27
12
6
Lamar
VOR
(LAA)
Topeka
VOR
(TOP)
21
Hays
VOR
(HYS)
9
V 244
Salina
VOR
(SLN)
12
3
V4
18
V 244
9
6
0
33
KMKC
27
30
6
KCOS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
3
30
3
6
0
33
3
30
33
9
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
33
0
15
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Airway V4 is flown to Salina VOR (SLN) using VOR navigation, then airway V244 is flown using GPS Navigation.
The ILS approach for runway 35L and LPV (WAAS) approach for runway 35R are shown and a missed approach
is executed.
12
21
15
18
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
Figure 7-34 Flight Plan Overview
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AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
DEPARTURE
Climbing to the Selected Altitude and flying an assigned heading:
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
1) Before takeoff:
a) Use the ALT SEL Knob to set the Selected Altitude to 12,000 feet.
b) Push the GA Switch to activate Takeoff Mode. The flight director Command Bars establish a pitch up attitude
to follow.
EIS
2) In this example, Vertical Speed Mode is used to capture the Selected Altitude (Pitch Hold, Vertical Speed, or
Flight Level Change Mode may be used).
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
a) Press the VS Key to activate Vertical Speed Mode.
The Vertical Speed Reference may be adjusted after Vertical Speed Mode is selected using the NOSE UP/DN
Wheel or pushing the CWS Button while hand-flying the aircraft to establish a new Vertical Speed Reference.
b) Press the AP Key to engage the autopilot in a climb using Vertical Speed Mode.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
3) Use the HDG Knob to set the Selected Heading, complying with ATC vectors to intercept Airway V4.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Press the HDG Key to activate Heading Select Mode while the autopilot is engaged in the climb. The autopilot
follows the Selected Heading Bug on the HSI and turns the aircraft to the desired heading.
AFCS
4) As the aircraft nears the Selected Altitude, the flight director transitions to Selected Altitude Capture Mode,
indicated by the green ‘ALTS’ annunciation flashing for up to 10 seconds.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
At 50 feet from the Selected Altitude, the green ‘ALT’ annunciation flashes for up to 10 seconds; the autopilot
transitions to Altitude Hold Mode and levels the aircraft.
APPENDICES
INDEX
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381
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
HD
GM
od
EIS
e
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
TO M
ode
3
Selected Altitude of 12,000 MSL
ALT Mode
4
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
KMKC
2
1
M
TO
VS
e
Mod
ode
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure 7-35 Departure
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AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
INTERCEPTING A VOR RADIAL
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
During climb-out, the autopilot continues to fly the aircraft in Heading Select Mode. Airway V4 to Salina
VOR (SLN) should now be intercepted. Since the enroute flight plan waypoints correspond to VORs, flight
director Navigation Mode using either VOR or GPS as the navigation source may be used. In this scenario, VOR
Navigation Mode is used for navigation to the first VOR waypoint in the flight plan.
Intercepting a VOR radial:
1) Arm VOR Navigation Mode:
a) Tune the VOR frequency.
EIS
b) Press the CDI Softkey to set the navigation source to VOR.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
c) Use the CRS1 or CRS2 Knob to set the Selected Course to the desired value, 255°. Note that at this point, the
flight director is still in Heading Select Mode and the autopilot continues to fly the Selected Heading 290°.
d) Press the NAV Key. This arms VOR Navigation Mode and the white ‘VOR’ annunciation appears to the left of
the active lateral mode.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
2) As the aircraft nears the Selected Course, the flight director transitions from Heading Select to VOR Navigation
Mode and the ‘VOR’ annunciation flashes green. The autopilot begins turning to intercept the Selected
Course.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
3) The autopilot continues the turn until the aircraft is established on the Selected Course.
0
33
3
30
AFCS
Hd
29 g
0o
V4
6
27
3
24
Salina
VOR
(SLN)
NA
V
Mo
d
e
2
HD
G
12
M
od
e,
VO
R
Ar
m
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
255
9
o
VO
R
ed
15
1
APPENDICES
21
18
Figure 7-36 Intercepting a VOR Radial
INDEX
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Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
383
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
FLYING A FLIGHT PLAN/GPS COURSE
NOTE: Changing the navigation source cancels Navigation Mode and causes the flight director to revert
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
back to Roll Hold Mode (wings rolled level).
As the aircraft closes on Salina VOR, GPS is used to navigate the next leg, airway V244. The aircraft is
currently tracking inbound on Airway V4.
Flying a GPS flight plan:
EIS
1) Transition from VOR to GPS Navigation Mode:
a) Press the CDI Softkey until GPS is the selected navigation source.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
b) Press the NAV Key to activate GPS Navigation Mode. The autopilot guides the aircraft along the active flight
plan leg.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
2) Following the flight plan, the autopilot continues to steer the aircraft under GPS guidance. Note that in GPS
Navigation Mode, course changes defined by the flight plan are automatically made without pilot action
required.
0
33
3
V4
6
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
33
3
30
0
30
o
6
27
3
075
de
AV Mo
GPS N
260
o
15
21
18
24
2
12
12
AFCS
9
Hays
VOR
(HYS)
Salina
VOR
(SLN)
V 244
1
24
27
076
Mode
9
o
AV
VOR N
15
21
18
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Figure 7-37 Transition to GPS Flight Plan
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AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
DESCENT
While flying the arrival procedure, the aircraft is cleared for descent in preparation for the approach to KCOS.
Three methods are presented for descent:
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
• Flight Level Change descent – Flight Level Change Mode can be used to descend to the Selected Altitude at a
constant airspeed. This descent method does not account for flight plan waypoint altitude constraints.
• Vertical Path Tracking descent – Vertical Path Tracking Mode is used to follow the vertical descent path
defined in the GPS flight plan. Altitude constraints correspond to waypoints in the flight plan. Before VNV
flight control can provide vertical profile guidance, a VNV flight plan must be entered and enabled.
EIS
• Non-path descent in a VNV scenario – A VNV flight plan is entered and enabled, however Pitch Hold, Vertical
Speed, or Flight Level Change Mode can be used to descend to the VNV Target Altitude prior to reaching the
planned TOD. Flight Level Change Mode is used in the example.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Flight Level Change descent:
1) Select Flight Level Change Mode:
a) Using the ALT SEL Knob, set the Selected Altitude to 10,000 feet.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
b) Press the FLC Key to activate Flight Level Change Mode. The annunciation ‘FLC’ appears next to the
Airspeed Reference, which defaults to the current aircraft airspeed. Selected Altitude Capture Mode is armed
automatically.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
2) Use the NOSE UP/DN Wheel or push the CWS Button while hand-flying the aircraft to adjust the commanded
airspeed while maintaining the same power, or reduce power to allow descent in Flight Level Change Mode
while the autopilot maintains the current airspeed.
3) As the aircraft nears the Selected Altitude, the flight director transitions to Selected Altitude Capture Mode,
indicated by the green ‘ALTS’ annunciation flashing for up to 10 seconds.
AFCS
APPENDICES
1
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
The green ‘ALT’ annunciation flashes for up to 10 seconds upon reaching 50 feet from the Selected Altitude; the
autopilot transitions to Altitude Hold Mode and levels the aircraft.
Cruise Altitude of 12,000 MSL
ALT Mode
2
FLC
M
ode
3
Selected Altitude of 10,000 MSL
ALT Mode
190-00749-00 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
INDEX
Figure 7-38 FLC Descent
385
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
Vertical Path Tracking descent to VNV Target Altitude:
1) Select VNV flight control:
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
a) Press the VNV Key to arm Vertical Path Tracking Mode. The white annunciation ‘VPTH’ appears.
b) Using the ALT SEL Knob, set the Selected Altitude below the flight plan’s VNV Target Altitude of 10,000 feet.
EIS
If the Selected Altitude is not at least 75 ft below the VNV Target Altitude, the flight director captures the
Selected Altitude rather than the VNV Target Altitude once Vertical Path Tracking Mode becomes active (ALTS is
armed rather than ALTV).
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
c) If Vertical Path Tracking Mode is armed more than 5 minutes prior to descent path capture, acknowledgment is
required for the flight director to transition from Altitude Hold to Vertical Path Tracking Mode. To proceed with
descent path capture if the white ‘VPTH’ annunciation begins flashing, do one of the following
•
Press the VNV Key
• Turn the ALT SEL Knob to adjust the Selected Altitude
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
If the descent is not confirmed by the time of interception, Vertical Path Tracking Mode remains armed and the
descent is not captured.
2) When the top of descent (TOD) is reached, the flight director transitions to Vertical Path Tracking Mode and
begins the descent to the VNV Target Altitude. Intention to capture the VNV Target Altitude is indicated by the
white ‘ALTV’ annunciation.
AFCS
3) As the aircraft nears the VNV Target Altitude, the flight director transitions to VNV Target Altitude Capture Mode,
indicated by the green ‘ALTV’ annunciation flashing for up to 10 seconds.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
The green ‘ALT’ annunciation flashes for up to 10 seconds upon reaching 50 feet from the VNV Target Altitude;
the autopilot transitions to Altitude Hold Mode and levels the aircraft at the vertical waypoint.
1
ALT Mode
TOD
Cruise Altitude of 12,000 MSL
2
APPENDICES
VPT
HM
ode
3
VNAV Target Altitude of 10,000 MSL
BOD
ALT Mode
Selected Altitude (set below VNAV Target Altitude)
INDEX
Along-track Offset, 3 nm before OPSHN
3 nm
Figure 7-39 VPTH Descent
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AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Non-path descent using Flight Level Change Mode:
1) Using Flight Level Change Mode, command a non-path descent to an intermediate altitude above the next VNV
flight plan altitude.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
a) Using the ALT SEL Knob, set the Selected Altitude below the current aircraft altitude to an altitude (in this case,
9,400 feet) at which to level off between VNV flight plan altitudes.
b) Press the FLC Key before the planned TOD during an altitude hold while VPTH is armed. The Airspeed Reference
defaults to the current aircraft airspeed. Vertical Path Tracking and Selected Altitude Capture Mode is armed
automatically.
EIS
2) Reduce power to allow descent in Flight Level Change Mode. The autopilot maintains the Airspeed Reference.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
3) As the aircraft nears the Selected Altitude, the flight director transitions to Selected Altitude Capture Mode,
indicated by the green ‘ALTS’ annunciation flashing for up to 10 seconds.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
The green ‘ALT’ annunciation flashes for up to 10 seconds upon reaching 50 feet from the Selected Altitude; the
autopilot transitions to Altitude Hold Mode and levels the aircraft. After leveling off reset Selected Altitude at
or below 9,000 ft.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
4) When the next TOD is reached, Vertical Path Tracking becomes active (may require acknowledgment to allow
descent path capture).
AFCS
5) As the aircraft nears the VNV Target Altitude, the flight director transitions to VNV Target Altitude Capture Mode,
indicated by the green ‘ALTV’ annunciation flashing for up to 10 seconds.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
The green ‘ALT’ annunciation flashes for up to 10 seconds upon reaching 50 feet from the VNV Target Altitude;
the autopilot transitions to Altitude Hold Mode and levels the aircraft at the vertical waypoint.
APPENDICES
INDEX
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387
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
VP
TH
M
od
e
Planned
TOD
2
BOD
EIS
ALT Mode
1
FL
C
Selected Altitude of 9,400 MSL
M
od
e
VNAV Target Altitude of 10,000 MSL
Pla
n
ne
3
dD
esc
en
ALT Mode
tP
ath
TOD
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
4
VP
VNAV Target Altitude of 9,000 MSL
TH
Mo
de
5
BOD
ALT Mode
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Selected Altitude
3 nm
OPSHN
HABUK
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure 7-40 Non-path Descent
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AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
APPROACH
Flying an ILS approach:
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
1) Transition from GPS Navigation Mode to Heading Select Mode.
a) Select the Runway 35L ILS approach for KCOS and select ‘VECTORS’ for the transition. Load and activate the
approach into the flight plan.
b) Use the HDG Knob to set the Selected Heading after getting vectors from ATC.
c) Press the HDG Key. The autopilot turns the aircraft to the desired heading.
EIS
d) Use Heading Select Mode to comply with ATC vectors as requested.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
2) Arm LOC Approach and Glideslope modes.
a) Ensure the appropriate localizer frequency is tuned.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
b) Press the APR Key when cleared for approach to arm Approach and Glideslope modes. ‘LOC’ and ‘GS’ appear
in white as armed mode annunciations.
c) The navigation source automatically switches to LOC. After this switch occurs, the localizer signal can be captured
and the flight director determine when to begin the turn to intercept the final approach course. The flight director
now provides guidance to the missed approach point.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
3) There are two options available at this point, as the autopilot flies the ILS approach:
• Push the AP DISC Switch at the decision
height and land the aircraft.
• Use the GA Switch to execute a missed
approach.
KCOS
AFCS
LOC APR/
GS Mode
3
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
PETEY
2
G
HD
e
od
M
1
GPS NAV Mode
APPENDICES
PYNON
INDEX
Figure 7-41 ILS Approach to KCOS
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389
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
Flying a RNAV GPS approach with vertical guidance:
1) Arm flight director modes for a RNAV GPS approach with vertical guidance:
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
a) Make sure the navigation source is set to GPS (use CDI Softkey to change navigation source).
b) Select the Runway 35R LPV approach for KCOS. Load and activate the approach into the flight plan.
EIS
2) Press the APR Key once clearance for approach has been received. GPS Approach Mode is activated and
Glidepath Mode is armed.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
3) Once the glidepath is captured, Glidepath Mode becomes active. The flight director now provides guidance to
the missed approach point.
4) There are two options available at this point, as the autopilot flies the approach:
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
• Push the AP DISC Switch at the Decision
height and land the aircraft.
• Use the GA Switch to execute a missed
approach.
KCOS
CEGIX
3
GPS APR/
GP Mode
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
4
AFCS
2
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
FALUR
HABUK
PYNON
1
APPENDICES
GPS NAV Mode
INDEX
Figure 7-42 LPV Approach to KCOS
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AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
GO AROUND/MISSED APPROACH
NOTE: As a result of calculations performed by the system while flying the holding pattern, the display may
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
re-size automatically and the aircraft may not precisely track the holding pattern.
Flying a missed approach:
1) Push the GA Switch at the Decision height and apply go around power to execute a missed approach. The
flight director Command Bars establish a nose-up climb to follow. If flying an ILS or LOC approach the CDI also
switches to GPS as the navigation source.
EIS
Note that when the GA Switch is pushed, the missed approach is activated and the autopilot disconnects,
indicated by the ‘AP’ annunciation flashing yellow for 5 seconds and the autopilot disconnect aural alert..
Flashes 5 sec
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
2) Start the climb to the prescribed altitude in the published Missed Approach Procedure (in this case, 10,000 ft).
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
a) Press the AP Key to re-engage the autopilot.
b) Press the NAV Key to have the autopilot fly to the hold.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
3) Use the ALT SEL Knob to set a Selected Altitude to hold.
To hold the current airspeed during the climb, press the FLC Key.
AFCS
As the aircraft nears the Selected Altitude, the flight director transitions to Selected Altitude Capture Mode,
indicated by the green ‘ALTS’ annunciation flashing for up to 10 seconds.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
The green ‘ALT’ annunciation flashes for up to 10 seconds upon reaching 50 feet from the Selected Altitude; the
autopilot transitions to Altitude Hold Mode and levels the aircraft.
APPENDICES
4) The autopilot flies the holding pattern after the missed approach is activated. Annunciations are displayed in
the Navigation Status Box, above the AFCS Status Box.
INDEX
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391
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
EIS
4
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
GPS NAV Mode
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
MOGAL
3
2
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
GA Mode
KCOS
AFCS
1
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Figure 7-43 Go Around/Missed Approach
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AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
7.7 AFCS ANNUNCIATIONS AND ALERTS
AFCS STATUS ALERTS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The annunciations in Table 7-5 (listed in order of increasing priority) can appear on the PFDs above the
Airspeed and Attitude indicators. Only one annunciation may occur at a time, and messages are prioritized by
criticality.
AFCS Status Annunciation
EIS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Figure 7-44 AFCS Status Annunciation
Rudder Mistrim Right
Rudder Mistrim Left
Aileron Mistrim Left
Elevator Mistrim Down
Elevator Mistrim Up
(or stuck MEPT Switch)
Yaw Damper Failure
Yaw servo providing sustained force in the indicated direction
Roll servo providing sustained force in the indicated direction
Pitch servo providing sustained force in the indicated direction
If AP engaged, take control of the aircraft and disengage AP
If AP disengaged, move MEPT switches separately to unstick
YD control failure
Roll axis control failure; AP inoperative
Pitch Failure
Pitch axis control failure; AP inoperative
AP and MEPT are unavailable; FD may still be available
APPENDICES
Preflight Test
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Roll Failure
System Failure
AFCS
Pitch Trim Failure
Description
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Aileron Mistrim Right
Annunciation
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Alert Condition
Performing preflight system test; aural alert sounds at completion
Do not press the AP DISC Switch during servo power-up and preflight system tests
as this may cause the preflight system test to fail or never to start (if servos fail
their power-up tests). Power must be cycled to the servos to remedy the situation.
Preflight system test failed; aural alert sounds at failure
INDEX
Table 7-5 AFCS Status Alerts
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393
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
OVERSPEED PROTECTION
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
While Pitch Hold, Vertical Speed, Flight Level Change, Vertical Path Tracking, or an altitude capture mode is
active, airspeed is monitored by the flight director. Pitch commands are not changed until overspeed protection
becomes active. Overspeed protection is provided in situations where the flight director cannot acquire and
maintain the mode reference for the selected vertical mode without exceeding the certified maximum autopilot
airspeed.
NOTE: Overspeed protection is not active in ALT, GS or GP Modes.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EIS
When an autopilot overspeed condition occurs, the Airspeed Reference appears in a box above the Airspeed
Indicator, flashing a yellow ‘MAXSPD’ annunciation. Engine power should be reduced and/or the pitch reference
adjusted to slow the aircraft. The annunciation disappears when the overspeed condition is resolved.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Airspeed
Indicator
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure 7-45 Overspeed Annunciation
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ADDITIONAL FEATURES
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
SECTION 8 ADDITIONAL FEATURES
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
NOTE: The availability of SafeTaxi, ChartView, or FliteCharts in electronic form may not preclude the
requirement to carry paper charts aboard the aircraft. See AC 120-76A for more information.
Additional features of the G1000 include the following:
• SafeTaxi™ diagrams
• ChartView and FliteCharts™ electronic charts
EIS
• XM Radio entertainment
• Scheduler
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
SafeTaxi diagrams provide detailed taxiway, runway, and ramp information at more than 700 airports in the
United States. By decreasing range on an airport that has a SafeTaxi diagram available, a close up view of the
airport layout can be seen.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
The optional ChartView and FliteCharts provide on-board electronic terminal procedures charts. Electronic
charts offer the convenience of rapid access to essential information. Either ChartView or FliteCharts may be
configured in the system, but not both.
The optional XM Radio entertainment audio feature of the GDL 69A Data Link Receiver handles more than 170
channels of music, news, and sports. XM Radio offers more entertainment choices and longer range coverage
than commercial broadcast stations.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
The Scheduler feature can be used to enter and display short term or long term reminder messages such as
Switch fuel tanks, Change oil, or Altimeter-Transponder Check in the Messages Window on the PFD.
8.1 SAFETAXI
AFCS
SafeTaxi is an enhanced feature that gives greater map detail when viewing airports at close range. The maximum
map ranges for enhanced detail are pilot configurable. When viewing at ranges close enough to show the airport
detail, the map reveals taxiways with identifying letters/numbers, airport Hot Spots, and airport landmarks
including ramps, buildings, control towers, and other prominent features. Resolution is greater at lower map
ranges. When the aircraft location is within the screen boundary, including within SafeTaxi ranges, an airplane
symbol is shown on any of the navigation map views for enhanced position awareness.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
Designated Hot Spots are recognized at airports with many intersecting taxiways and runways, and/or complex
ramp areas. Airport Hot Spots are outlined to caution pilots of areas on an airport surface where positional
awareness confusion or runway incursions happen most often. Hot Spots are defined with a magenta circle or
outline around the region of possible confusion.
INDEX
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395
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
ADDITIONAL FEATURES
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Any map page that displays the navigation view can also show the SafeTaxi airport layout within the maximum
configured range. The following is a list of pages where the SafeTaxi feature can be seen:
• VOR Information Page
• Navigation Map Page
• Inset Map (PFD)
• User Waypoint Information Page
• Weather Datalink Page
• Trip Planning Page
• Airport Information Page
• Nearest Pages
• Intersection Information Page
• Active and Stored Flight Plan Pages
EIS
• NDB Information Page
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Taxiway
Identification
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
During ground operations the aircraft’s position is displayed in reference to taxiways, runways, and airport
features. In the example shown, the aircraft is on taxiway Bravo inside the High Alert Intersection boundary
on KSFO airport. Airport Hot Spots are outlined in magenta. When panning over the airport, features such as
runway holding lines and taxiways are shown at the cursor.
Aircraft
Position
AFCS
Airport Hot
Spot Outline
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Airport
Features
APPENDICES
Figure 8-1 SafeTaxi Depiction on the Navigation Map Page
DCLTR Softkey
Removes Taxiway
Markings
INDEX
The DCLTR Softkey (declutter) label advances to DCLTR-1, DCLTR -2, and DCLTR-3 each time the softkey is
pressed for easy recognition of decluttering level. Pressing the DCLTR Softkey removes the taxiway markings
and airport feature labels. Pressing the DCLTR-1 Softkey removes VOR and station ID, the VOR symbol, and
intersection names if within the airport plan view. Pressing the DCLTR-2 Softkey removes the airport diagram
and runway layout, unless the airport in view is part of an active route structure. Pressing the DCLTR-3 Softkey
cycles back to the original map detail. Refer to Map Declutter Levels in the Flight Management Section.
396
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ADDITIONAL FEATURES
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Configuring SafeTaxi range:
1) While viewing the Navigation Map Page, press the MENU Key to display the PAGE MENU.
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the Map Setup Menu Option and press the ENT Key.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
EIS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Figure 8-2 Navigation Map PAGE MENU, Map Setup Option
3) Turn the FMS Knob to select the Aviation Group and press the ENT Key.
4) Turn the large FMS Knob to scroll through the Aviation Group options to SAFETAXI.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
5) Turn the small FMS Knob to display the range of distances.
6) Turn either FMS Knob to select the desired distance for maximum SafeTaxi display range.
7) Press the ENT Key to complete the selection.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
8) Press the FMS Knob to return to the Navigation Map Page.
AFCS
SAFETAXI
Option
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
SafeTaxi
Range
Options
APPENDICES
INDEX
Figure 8-3 MAP SETUP Menu, Aviation Group, SAFETAXI Range Options
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Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
397
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
ADDITIONAL FEATURES
SAFETAXI CYCLE NUMBER AND REVISION
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EIS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The SafeTaxi database is revised every 56 days. SafeTaxi is always available for use after the expiration date.
When turning on the G1000, the Power-up Page indicates whether the databases are current, out of date, or not
available. The Power-up Page shows the SafeTaxi database is current when the SafeTaxi Expires date is shown in
white. When the SafeTaxi cycle has expired, the SafeTaxi Expires date appears in yellow. The message SafeTaxi:
N/A appears in white if no SafeTaxi data is available on the database card.
SafeTaxi Database has Expired
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
SafeTaxi Database is Current
INDEX
SafeTaxi Database Not Available
Figure 8-4 Power-up Page, SafeTaxi Database
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ADDITIONAL FEATURES
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The SafeTaxi Region, Version, Cycle, Effective date and Expires date of the database cycle can also be found
on the AUX - System Status page. SafeTaxi information appears in blue and yellow text. The EFFECTIVE
date appears in blue when data is current and in yellow when the current date is before the effective date. The
EXPIRES date appears in blue when data is current and in yellow when expired (Figures 8-5 and 8-6). SafeTaxi
REGION NOT AVAILABLE appears in blue if SafeTaxi data is not available on the database card (Figure 8-6).
Expired SafeTaxi data is never disabled.
Press the DBASE Softkey for scrolling through the database information. Scroll through the database with
the FMS knob or ENT Key.
The SafeTaxi database cycle number shown in the figure, 07S6, is deciphered as follows:
EIS
07 – Indicates the year 2007
S – Indicates the data is for SafeTaxi
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
6 – Indicates the sixth issue of the SafeTaxi database for the year
The SafeTaxi EFFECTIVE date 25–OCT–07 is the beginning date for the current database cycle. SafeTaxi
EXPIRES date 20–DEC–07 is the revision date for the next database cycle.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
AFCS
SafeTaxi Data
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
DBASE Softkey
Selected
APPENDICES
Figure 8-5 AUX – System Status Page, SafeTaxi Current Information
The SafeTaxi database is provided by Garmin. Refer to Updating Garmin Databases in Appendix B for
instructions on revising the SafeTaxi database.
INDEX
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Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
399
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
ADDITIONAL FEATURES
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EIS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The other three possible AUX - System Status page conditions are shown here. The EFFECTIVE date is the
beginning date for this database cycle. If the present date is before the effective date, the EFFECTIVE date
appears in yellow and the EXPIRES date appears in blue. The EXPIRES date is the revision date for the next
database cycle. NOT AVAILABLE indicates that SafeTaxi is not available on the database card or no database
card is inserted.
SafeTaxi Database has Expired
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
Current Date is before Effective Date
INDEX
SafeTaxi Database Not Installed
Figure 8-6 AUX – System Status Page, SafeTaxi Expired, SafeTaxi Not Available
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ADDITIONAL FEATURES
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
8.2 CHARTVIEW
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
ChartView resembles the paper version of Jeppesen terminal procedures charts. The charts are displayed in full
color with high-resolution. The MFD depiction shows the aircraft position on the moving map in the plan view
of approach charts and on airport diagrams. Airport Hot Spots are outlined in magenta.
The ChartView database subscription is available from Jeppesen, Inc. Available data includes:
• Airport Diagrams
• Arrivals (STAR)
• NOTAMs
• Departure Procedures (DP)
EIS
• Approaches
CHARTVIEW SOFTKEYS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
ChartView functions are displayed on three levels of softkeys. While on the Navigation Map Page, Nearest
Airports Page, or Flight Plan Page, pressing the SHW CHRT Softkey displays the available terminal chart and
advances to the chart selection level of softkeys: CHRT OPT, CHRT, INFO, DP, STAR, APR, WX, NOTAM,
and GO BACK. The chart selection softkeys shown below appear on the Airport Information Page.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Pressing the GO BACK Softkey reverts to the top level softkeys and previous page.
Pressing the CHRT OPT Softkey advances to the next level of softkeys: ALL, HEADER, PLAN, PROFILE,
MINIMUMS, FIT WDTH, FULL SCN, and BACK.
While viewing the CHRT OPT Softkeys, after 45 seconds of softkey inactivity, the system reverts to the chart
selection softkeys.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
SHW CHRT
CHRT
INFO
DP
STAR
APR
WX
NOTAM
GO BACK
AFCS
CHRT OPT
Pressing the GO BACK Softkey returns
to the top-level softkeys and previous page.
HEADER
PLAN
PROFILE
MINIMUMS FIT WDTH FULL SCN
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
ALL
BACK
Pressing the BACK Softkey returns
to the Chart Selection Softkeys.
APPENDICES
Figure 8-7 ChartView SHW CHRT, Chart Selection, and Chart Option Softkeys
INDEX
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Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
401
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
ADDITIONAL FEATURES
TERMINAL PROCEDURES CHARTS
Selecting Terminal Procedures Charts:
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
While viewing the Navigation Map Page, Nearest Airport Page, or Flight Plan Page, press the SHW CHRT
Softkey.
Or:
1) Press the MENU Key to display the PAGE MENU.
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to scroll through the OPTIONS Menu to Show Chart.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EIS
3) Press the ENT Key to display the chart.
Navigation Map Page OPTIONS Menu
Waypoint Airport Information Page OPTIONS Menu
Figure 8-8 Option Menus
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
When no terminal procedure chart is available for the nearest airport or the selected airport, the banner
CHART NOT AVAILABLE appears on the screen. The CHART NOT AVAILABLE banner does not refer to
the Jeppesen subscription, but rather the availability of a particular airport chart selection or procedure for a
selected airport.
INDEX
APPENDICES
Figure 8-9 Chart Not Available Banner
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ADDITIONAL FEATURES
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
If there is a problem in rendering the data (such as a data error or a failure of an individual chart), the banner
UNABLE TO DISPLAY CHART is then displayed.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Figure 8-10 Unable To Display Chart Banner
When a chart is not available by pressing the SHW CHRT Softkey or selecting a Page Menu Option, charts
may be obtained for other airports from the WPT Pages or Flight Plan Pages.
EIS
If a chart is available for the destination airport, or the airport selected in the active flight plan, the chart
appears on the screen. When no flight plan is active, or when not flying to a direct-to destination, pressing the
SHW CHRT Softkey displays the chart for the nearest airport, if available.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
The chart shown is one associated with the WPT – Airport Information page. Usually this is the airport runway
diagram. Where no runway diagram exists, but Take Off Minimums or Alternate Minimums are available, that
page appears. If Airport Information pages are unavailable, the Approach Chart for the airport is shown.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Selecting a chart:
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
ADDITIONAL FEATURES
2) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
1) While viewing the Navigation Map Page, Flight Plan Page, or Nearest Airports Page, press the SHW CHRT
Softkey. The airport diagram or approach chart is displayed on the Airport Information Page.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to select either the Airport Identifier Box or the Approach Box. (Press the APR Softkey
if the Approach Box is not currently shown).
4) Turn the small and large FMS Knob to enter the desired airport identifier.
EIS
5) Press the ENT Key to complete the airport selection.
6) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the Approach Box.
7) Turn the small FMS Knob to show the approach chart selection choices.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
8) Turn either FMS Knob to scroll through the available charts.
9) Press the ENT Key to complete the chart selection.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Chart Scale
Select Desired
Approach Chart
From Menu
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
Scroll Through
Entire Chart
With the
Joystick
Figure 8-11 Approach Information Page, Chart Selection
APPENDICES
While the APPROACH Box is selected using the FMS Knob, the G1000 softkeys are blank. Once the desired
chart is selected, the chart scale can be changed and the chart page can be scrolled using the Joystick. Pressing
the Joystick centers the chart on the screen.
INDEX
The aircraft symbol is shown on the chart only if the chart is to scale and the aircraft position is within
the boundaries of the chart. The aircraft symbol is not displayed when the Aircraft Not Shown Icon appears
(Figure 8-15). If the Chart Scale Box displays a banner NOT TO SCALE, the aircraft symbol is not shown. The
Aircraft Not Shown Icon may appear at certain times, even if the chart is displayed to scale.
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ADDITIONAL FEATURES
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Pressing the CHRT Softkey switches between the ChartView diagram and the associated map in the WPT
page group. In the example shown, the CHRT Softkey switches between the DeKalb Peachtree (KPDK) Airport
Diagram and the navigation map on the WPT – Airport Information page.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
EIS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Press CHRT Softkey
to Switch Between
ChartView and WPT Airport Information Page
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Figure 8-12 CHRT Softkey, Airport Information Page
APPENDICES
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
ADDITIONAL FEATURES
Pressing the INFO Softkey returns to the airport diagram when the view is on a different chart. If the
displayed chart is the airport diagram, the INFO Softkey has no effect.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The aircraft position is shown in magenta on the ChartView diagrams when the location of the aircraft is
within the chart boundaries. In the example shown, the aircraft is taxiing on Taxiway Alpha on the Charlotte,
NC (KCLT) airport.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EIS
Another source for additional airport information is from the INFO Box above the chart for certain airports.
This information source is not related to the INFO Softkey. When the INFO Box is selected using the FMS
Knob, the G1000 softkeys are blank. The Charlotte, NC airport has five additional charts offering information;
the Airport Diagram, Take-off Minimums, Class B Airspace, Airline Parking Gate Coordinates, and Airline
Parking Gate Location. (The numbers in parentheses after the chart name are Jeppesen designators.)
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Aircraft
Current
Position
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Figure 8-13 Airport Information Page, INFO View, Full Screen Width
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ADDITIONAL FEATURES
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
In the example shown in Figure 8-13, the Class B Chart is selected. Pressing the ENT Key displays the
Charlotte Class B Airspace Chart (Figure 8-14).
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
EIS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Figure 8-14 Airport Information Page, Class B Chart Selected from INFO View
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Pressing the DP Softkey displays the Departure Procedure Chart if available.
Chart Not
To Scale
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
Aircraft Not
Shown Icon
INDEX
Figure 8-15 Departure Information Page
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
ADDITIONAL FEATURES
Pressing the STAR Softkey displays the Standard Terminal Arrival Chart if available.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Chart Not
To Scale
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EIS
Change Range
and Scroll
Through the
Chart With the
Joystick
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Aircraft Not
Shown Icon
Figure 8-16 Arrival Information Page
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Pressing the APR Softkey displays the approach chart for the airport if available.
INDEX
Figure 8-17 Approach Information Page
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ADDITIONAL FEATURES
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Pressing the WX Softkey shows the airport weather frequency information, and includes weather data such as
METAR and TAF from the XM Data Link Receiver, when available. Weather information is available only when
an XM Data Link Receiver is installed and the XM Weather subscription is current.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
EIS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
WX Info
When
Available
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
WX Softkey
Selected
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure 8-18 Weather Information Page
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
ADDITIONAL FEATURES
NOTE: A subdued softkey label indicates the function is disabled.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EIS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Recent NOTAMS applicable to the current ChartView cycle are included in the ChartView database. Pressing
the NOTAM Softkey shows the local NOTAM information for selected airports, when available. When NOTAMS
are not available, the NOTAM Softkey label appears subdued and is disabled as shown in Figure 8-18. The
NOTAM Softkey may appear on the Airport Information Page and all of the chart page selections.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
NOTAM
Softkey
Appears for
Selected
Airports
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
Figure 8-19 NOTAM Softkey Highlighted
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ADDITIONAL FEATURES
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Local
NOTAM on
This Airport
EIS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
NOTAM
Softkey
Selected
Figure 8-20 Airport Information Page, Local NOTAMs
Pressing the NOTAM Softkey again removes the NOTAMS information.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Pressing the GO BACK Softkey reverts to the previous page (Navigation Map Page, Nearest Pages, or Flight
Plan Page).
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
ADDITIONAL FEATURES
CHART OPTIONS
Pressing the CHRT OPT Softkey displays the next level of softkeys, the chart options level (Figure 8-7).
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EIS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Pressing the ALL Softkey shows the entire approach chart on the screen.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Entire Chart
Shown
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
Figure 8-21 Approach Information Page, ALL View
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ADDITIONAL FEATURES
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Pressing the HEADER Softkey shows the header view (approach chart briefing strip) on the screen.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
EIS
Approach
Chart
Briefing Strip
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Figure 8-22 Approach Information Page, Header View
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Pressing the PLAN Softkey shows the approach chart two dimensional plan view.
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Approach
Chart Plan
View
APPENDICES
INDEX
Figure 8-23 Approach Information Page, Plan View
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413
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
ADDITIONAL FEATURES
EIS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Pressing the PROFILE Softkey displays the approach chart descent profile strip.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Approach
Chart Descent
Profile Strip
Figure 8-24 Approach Information Page, Profile View, Full Screen Width
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Pressing the MINIMUMS Softkey displays the minimum descent altitude/visibility strip at the bottom of the
approach chart.
INDEX
APPENDICES
Minimum
Descent
Altitude/
Visibility Strip
Figure 8-25 Approach Information Page, Minimums View, Full Screen Width
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ADDITIONAL FEATURES
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
If the chart scale has been adjusted to view a small area of the chart, pressing the FIT WIDTH Softkey
changes the chart size to fit the available screen width.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
EIS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Press FIT WDTH
Softkey to Show
Full Chart Width
Figure 8-26 Airport Information Page, FIT WDTH Softkey Selected
APPENDICES
INDEX
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415
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
ADDITIONAL FEATURES
Pressing the FULL SCN Softkey alternates between removing and replacing the data window to the right.
Selecting Additional Information:
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
1) While viewing the Airport Taxi Diagram, press the FULL SCN Softkey to display the information windows
(AIRPORT, INFO).
2) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the AIRPORT, INFO, RUNWAYS, or FREQUENCIES Box (INFO Box shown).
EIS
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the INFO Box choices. If multiple choices are available, scroll to the desired
choice with the large FMS Knob and press the ENT Key to complete the selection.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
5) Press the FMS Knob again to deactivate the cursor.
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Available
Information
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Press FULL SCN
Softkey to Switch
Between Full
Screen and Chart
With Info Window
INDEX
Figure 8-27 Airport Information Page, Full Screen and Info Window
Pressing the BACK Softkey, or waiting for 45 seconds reverts to the chart selection softkeys.
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ADDITIONAL FEATURES
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
The full screen view can also be selected by using the page menu option.
Selecting full screen On or Off:
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
1) While viewing a terminal chart press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu OPTIONS.
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the Chart Setup Menu Option and press the ENT Key.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to move between the FULL SCREEN and COLOR SCHEME Options.
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to choose between the On and Off Full Screen Options.
EIS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Chart Setup Option
Full Screen On/Off Selection
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure 8-28 Page Menus
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
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417
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
ADDITIONAL FEATURES
DAY/NIGHT VIEW
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
ChartView can be displayed on a white or black background for day or night viewing. The Day View offers
a better presentation in a bright environment. The Night View gives a better presentation for viewing in a dark
environment. When the CHART SETUP Box is selected the G1000 softkeys are blank.
Selecting Day, Night, or Automatic View:
1) While viewing a terminal chart press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu OPTIONS.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EIS
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the Chart Setup Menu Option and press the ENT Key.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure 8-29 Waypoint Information Page, OPTIONS Menu
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to move to the COLOR SCHEME Option (Figure 8-30).
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to choose between Day, Auto, and Night Options.
AFCS
5) If Auto Mode is selected, turn the large FMS Knob to select the percentage field. Use the small FMS Knob to
change the percentage value. The percentage value is the day/night crossover point based on the percentage of
backlighting intensity. For example, if the value is set to 15%, the day/night display changes when the display
backlight reaches 15% of full brightness.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
The display must be changed in order for the new setting to become active. This may be accomplished by
selecting another page or changing the display range.
INDEX
APPENDICES
6) Press the FMS Knob when finished to remove the Chart Setup Menu.
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ADDITIONAL FEATURES
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
EIS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Figure 8-30 Arrival Information Page, Day View
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
Figure 8-31 Arrival Information Page, Night View
INDEX
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419
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
ADDITIONAL FEATURES
CHARTVIEW CYCLE NUMBER AND EXPIRATION DATE
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The ChartView database is revised every 14 days. Charts are still viewable during a period that extends from
the cycle expiration date to the disabled date. ChartView is disabled 70 days after the expiration date and is no
longer available for viewing upon reaching the disabled date. When turning on the G1000, the Power-up Page
indicates any of nine different possible criteria for ChartView availability. See the table below for the various
ChartView Power-up Page displays and the definition of each.
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EIS
Power-up Page Display
Definition
Blank Line. G1000 system is not configured for ChartView. Contact
a Garmin-authorized service center for configuration.
System is configured for ChartView but no chart database is
installed. Contact Jeppesen for a ChartView database.
Normal operation. ChartView database is valid and within current
cycle.
ChartView database is within 1 week after expiration date. A new
cycle is available for update.
ChartView database is beyond 1 week after expiration date, but still
within the 70 day viewing period.
ChartView database has timed out. Database is beyond 70 days
after expiration date. ChartView database is no longer available for
viewing.
System time is not available. GPS satellite data is unknown or
G1000 has not yet locked onto satellites. Check database cycle
number for effectivity.
System is verifying chart database when new cycle is installed for the
first time.
After verifying, chart database is found to be corrupt. ChartView is
not available.
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Table 8-1 ChartView Power-up Page Annunciations and Definitions
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ADDITIONAL FEATURES
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Examples of four possible Power-up Page conditions are shown here. ChartView Disables plus a date in
white, indicates chart data is current. This indication for normal operation shows how long the charts may be
viewed. Chart data update available. in white, indicates the chart data cycle has expired within the past week
and the next chart cycle is available. Chart data is out of date! in yellow, indicates charts are still viewable, but
approaching the disable date. Chart data is disabled. in yellow, indicates the chart cycle has been disabled and
is no longer viewable.
EIS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Chart Cycle has Expired but is Still Viewable
for 70 Days from Expiration Date
Chart Cycle is No
Longer Viewable
AFCS
Chart Cycle has Expired,
Next Cycle is Available
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
ChartView Database is
Current and Available
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
Figure 8-32 Examples of Power-up Page, ChartView Database
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421
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
ADDITIONAL FEATURES
NOTE: A subdued softkey label indicates the function is disabled.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The ChartView time critical information can also be found on the AUX - System Status page. The database
CYCLE number, EXPIRES, and DISABLES dates of the ChartView subscription appear in either blue or yellow
text. When the ChartView EXPIRES date is reached, ChartView becomes inoperative 70 days later. This is
shown as the DISABLES date. When the DISABLES date is reached, charts are no longer available for viewing.
The SHW CHRT Softkey label then appears subdued and is disabled until a revised issue of ChartView is
installed.
EIS
Press the DBASE Softkey for scrolling through the database information. Scroll through the database with
the FMS knob or ENT Key.
The ChartView database cycle number shown in the figure, 0722, is deciphered as follows:
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
07 – Indicates the year 2007
22 – Indicates the 22nd issue of the ChartView database for the year
The EXPIRES date 15–NOV–07 is the date that this database should be replaced with the next issue.
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
The DISABLES date 24–JAN–08 is the date that this database becomes inoperative.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
ChartView
Data
APPENDICES
DBASE Softkey
Selected
Figure 8-33 AUX – System Status Page, ChartView Current and Available
INDEX
The ChartView database is provided directly from Jeppesen. Refer to Updating Jeppesen Databases in
Appendix B for instructions on revising the ChartView database.
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ADDITIONAL FEATURES
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
The other three possible AUX - System Status page conditions are shown here. The EXPIRES date, in yellow,
is the revision date for the next database cycle. The DISABLES date, in yellow, is the date that this database
cycle is no longer viewable. REGION and CYCLE NOT AVAILABLE in blue, indicate that no ChartView data is
available on the database card or no database card is inserted.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
EIS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
ChartView Database has Expired, but is not Disabled
ChartView Database is Disabled
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
System is
Configured for
ChartView but
Database is not
Available
APPENDICES
ChartView Database is Not Available
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INDEX
Figure 8-34 AUX – System Status Page, ChartView Expired, ChartView Disabled, ChartView Not Available
423
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
ADDITIONAL FEATURES
8.3 FLITECHARTS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
FliteCharts resemble the paper version of National Aeronautical Charting Office (NACO) terminal procedures
charts. The charts are displayed with high-resolution and in color for applicable charts. FliteCharts database
subscription is available from Garmin. Available data includes:
• Arrivals (STAR)
• Approaches
• Departure Procedures (DP)
• Airport Diagrams
EIS
FLITECHARTS SOFTKEYS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FliteCharts functions are displayed on three levels of softkeys. While on the Navigation Map Page, Nearest
Airports Page, or Flight Plan Page, pressing the SHW CHRT Softkey displays the available terminal chart and
advances to the chart selection level of softkeys: CHRT OPT, CHRT, INFO, DP, STAR, APR, WX, and
GO BACK. The chart selection softkeys appear on the Airport Information Page.
Pressing the GO BACK Softkey reverts to the top level softkeys and previous page.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Pressing the CHRT OPT Softkey displays the available terminal chart and advances to the next level of
softkeys: ALL, FIT WDTH, FULL SCN, and BACK.
While viewing the CHRT OPT Softkeys, after 45 seconds of softkey inactivity, the system reverts to the chart
selection softkeys.
NOTAMs are not available with FliteCharts. The NOTAM Softkey label appears subdued and is disabled.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
SHW CHRT
AFCS
CHRT OPT
CHRT
INFO
DP
STAR
APR
WX
GO BACK
Presssing the GO BACK Softkey returns
to the top-level softkeys and previous page.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
ALL
FIT WDTH
FULL SCN
BACK
Pressing the BACK Softkey returns
to the Chart Selection Softkeys.
INDEX
APPENDICES
Figure 8-35 FliteCharts SHW CHRT, Chart Selection, and Chart Option Softkeys
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ADDITIONAL FEATURES
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
TERMINAL PROCEDURES CHARTS
Selecting Terminal Procedures Charts:
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
While viewing the Navigation Map Page, Nearest Airport Page, or Flight Plan Page, press the SHW CHRT
Softkey.
Or:
1) Press the MENU Key to display the PAGE MENU.
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to scroll through the OPTIONS Menu to Show Chart.
EIS
3) Press the ENT Key to display the chart.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Navigation Map Page OPTIONS Menu
Waypoint Airport Information Page OPTIONS Menu
Figure 8-36 Option Menus
AFCS
When no terminal procedure chart is available, the banner CHART NOT AVAILABLE appears on the screen.
The CHART NOT AVAILABLE banner does not refer to the FliteCharts subscription, but rather the availability
of a particular airport chart selection or procedure for a selected airport.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Figure 8-37 Chart Not Available Banner
APPENDICES
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
ADDITIONAL FEATURES
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
If there is a problem in rendering the data (such as a data error or a failure of an individual chart), the banner
UNABLE TO DISPLAY CHART is then displayed.
Figure 8-38 Unable To Display Chart Banner
EIS
The chart shown is one associated with the WPT – Airport Information page. Usually this is the airport runway
diagram. Where no runway diagram exists, but Take Off Minimums or Alternate Minimums are available, that
page appears. If Airport Information pages are unavailable, the Approach Chart for the airport is shown.
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
If a chart is available for the destination airport, or the airport selected in the active flight plan, the chart
appears on the screen. When no flight plan is active, or when not flying to a direct-to destination, pressing the
SHW CHRT Softkey displays the chart for the nearest airport, if available.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
When a chart is not available by pressing the SHW CHRT Softkey or selecting a Page Menu Option, charts
may be obtained for other airports from the WPT Pages or Flight Plan Pages.
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ADDITIONAL FEATURES
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Selecting a chart:
1) While viewing the Navigation Map Page, Flight Plan Page, or Nearest Airports Page, press the SHW CHRT
Softkey. The airport diagram or approach chart is displayed on the Airport Information Page.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
2) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to select either the Airport Identifier Box or the Approach Box. (Press the APR Softkey
if the Approach Box is not currently shown).
4) Turn the small and large FMS Knob to enter the desired airport identifier.
5) Press the ENT Key to complete the airport selection.
EIS
6) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the Approach Box.
7) Turn the small FMS Knob to show the approach chart selection choices.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
8) Turn either FMS Knob to scroll through the available charts.
9) Press the ENT Key to complete the chart selection.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Chart Not
To Scale
Select Desired
Approach Chart
from Menu
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Pan Entire
Chart With
the Joystick
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Aircraft Not
Shown Icon
Figure 8-39 Approach Information Page, Chart Selection
APPENDICES
While the APPROACH Box is selected using the FMS Knob, the G1000 softkeys are blank. Once the desired
chart is selected, the chart scale can be changed and the chart can be panned using the Joystick. Pressing the
Joystick centers the chart on the screen.
The aircraft symbol is not shown on FliteCharts. The Chart Scale Box displays a banner NOT TO SCALE, and
the Aircraft Not Shown Icon is displayed in the lower right corner of the screen.
INDEX
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427
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
ADDITIONAL FEATURES
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EIS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Pressing the CHRT Softkey alternates between the FliteCharts diagram and the associated map in the WPT
page group. In the example shown, the CHRT Softkey switches between the Charlotte, NC (KCLT) Airport
Diagram and the navigation map on the WPT – Airport Information page.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Press CHRT Softkey
to Switch Between
FliteCharts and
Navigation Map Page
INDEX
APPENDICES
Figure 8-40 CHRT Softkey, Airport Information Page
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ADDITIONAL FEATURES
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Pressing the INFO Softkey returns to the airport diagram when the view is on a different chart. If the
displayed chart is the airport diagram, the INFO Softkey has no effect.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Another source for additional airport information is from the INFO Box above the chart (Figure 8-39) or to
the right of the chart (Figure 8-41) for certain airports. This information source is not related to the INFO
Softkey. When the INFO Box is selected using the FMS Knob, the G1000 softkeys are blank. The Charlotte,
NC airport has three additional charts offering information; the Airport Diagram, Alternate Minimums, and
Take-off Minimums.
EIS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Info Box
Selected
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure 8-41 Airport Information Page, INFO View with Airport Information
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
ADDITIONAL FEATURES
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EIS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
In the example shown in Figure 8-41, TAKE OFF MINIMUMS is selected. Pressing the ENT Key displays the
Take-off Minimums and Departure Procedures Chart (Figure 8-42).
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure 8-42 Airport Information Page, TAKE OFF MINIMUMS Selected from INFO View
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
Pressing the DP Softkey displays the Departure Procedure Chart if available.
Figure 8-43 Departure Information Page
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ADDITIONAL FEATURES
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Pressing the STAR Softkey displays the Standard Terminal Arrival Chart if available.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
EIS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Figure 8-44 Arrival Information Page
Pressing the APR Softkey displays the approach chart for the airport if available.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
190-00749-00 Rev B
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
INDEX
Figure 8-45 Approach Information Page
431
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
ADDITIONAL FEATURES
Pressing the WX Softkey shows the airport weather frequency information, when available, and includes
weather data such as METAR and TAF from the XM Data Link Receiver. Weather information is available only
when an XM Data Link Receiver is installed and the XM Weather subscription is current.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Selecting Additional Information:
1) While viewing the Airport Taxi Diagram, press the WX Softkey to display the information windows (AIRPORT,
INFO).
2) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the INFO Box.
EIS
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the INFO Box choices. When the INFO Box is selected the G1000 softkeys
are blank. If multiple choices are available, scroll to the desired choice with the large FMS Knob and press the
ENT Key to complete the selection.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
5) Press the FMS Knob again to deactivate the cursor.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Info Available
on This Airport
AFCS
WX Info
When
Available
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Chart Not
To Scale
Figure 8-46 Weather Information Page
WX Softkey
Selected
INDEX
APPENDICES
Pressing the GO BACK Softkey reverts to the previous page (Navigation Map Page or Flight Plan Page).
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ADDITIONAL FEATURES
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
CHART OPTIONS
Pressing the CHRT OPT Softkey displays the next level of softkeys, the chart options level (Figure 8-35).
Pressing the ALL Softkey shows the entire chart on the screen.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
EIS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Entire Chart
Shown
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure 8-47 Airport Information Page, ALL View Selected
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
ADDITIONAL FEATURES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EIS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Pressing the FIT WIDTH Softkey fits the width of the chart in the display viewing area. In the example
shown, the chart at close range is replaced with the full width chart.
Press FIT WDTH
Softkey to Show
Full Chart Width
INDEX
APPENDICES
Figure 8-48 Approach Information Page, FIT WDTH Softkey Selected
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ADDITIONAL FEATURES
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Pressing the FULL SCN Softkey alternates between removing and replacing the data window to the right.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
EIS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Press FULL SCN
Softkey to Switch
Between Chart on
Full Screen and Chart
with Info Window
AFCS
Figure 8-49 Airport Information Page, Full Screen and Info Window
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Pressing the BACK Softkey, or waiting for 45 seconds reverts to the chart selection softkeys.
APPENDICES
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
ADDITIONAL FEATURES
The full screen view can also be selected by using the page menu option.
Selecting full screen On or Off:
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
1) While viewing a terminal chart press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu OPTIONS.
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the Chart Setup Menu Option and press the ENT Key.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to move between the FULL SCREEN and COLOR SCHEME Options.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EIS
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to choose between the On and Off Full Screen Options.
Chart Setup Option
Full Screen On/Off Selection
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure 8-50 Page Menus
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ADDITIONAL FEATURES
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
DAY/NIGHT VIEW
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
FliteCharts can be displayed on a white or black background for day or night viewing. The Day View offers
a better presentation in a bright environment. The Night View gives a better presentation for viewing in a dark
environment. When the CHART SETUP Box is selected the G1000 softkeys are blank.
Selecting Day, Night, or Automatic View:
1) While viewing a terminal chart press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu OPTIONS.
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the Chart Setup Menu Option and press the ENT Key.
EIS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure 8-51 Waypoint Information Page, OPTIONS Menu
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to move to the COLOR SCHEME Option (Figure 8-52).
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to choose between Day, Auto, and Night Options.
AFCS
5) If Auto Mode is selected, turn the large FMS Knob to select the percentage field. Use the small FMS Knob to
change the percentage value. The percentage value is the day/night crossover point based on the percentage of
backlighting intensity. For example, if the value is set to 15%, the day/night display changes when the display
backlight reaches 15% of full brightness.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
The display must be changed in order for the new setting to become active. This may be accomplished by
selecting another page or changing the display range.
6) Press the FMS Knob when finished to remove the Chart Setup Menu.
APPENDICES
INDEX
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FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EIS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
ADDITIONAL FEATURES
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure 8-52 Approach Information Page, Day View
INDEX
Figure 8-53 Approach Information Page, Night View
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ADDITIONAL FEATURES
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
FLITECHARTS CYCLE NUMBER AND EXPIRATION DATE
Definition
Blank Line. G1000 system is not configured for FliteCharts. Contact
a Garmin-authorized service center for configuration.
System is configured for FliteCharts but no chart database is
installed. Refer to Updating Garmin Databases in Appendix B for the
FliteCharts database
Normal operation. FliteCharts database is valid and within current
cycle.
EIS
Power-up Page Display
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
FliteCharts data is revised every 28 days. Charts are still viewable during a period that extends from the
cycle expiration date to the disabled date. FliteCharts is disabled 180 days after the expiration date and are
no longer available for viewing upon reaching the disabled date. When turning on the G1000, the Power-up
Page indicates any of five different possible criteria for chart availability. These indications are whether the
databases are not configured, not available, current, out of date, or disabled. See the table below for the various
FliteCharts Power-up Page displays and the definition of each.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
FliteCharts database is beyond the expiration date, but still within
the 180 day viewing period.
FliteCharts database has timed out. Database is beyond 180 days
after expiration date. FliteCharts database is no longer available for
viewing.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Table 8-2 FliteCharts Power-up Page Annunciations and Definitions
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
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439
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
ADDITIONAL FEATURES
Examples of four possible Power-up Page messages are shown here. FliteCharts Expires plus a date in white,
indicates the chart database is current. Chart data is out of date! in yellow, indicates charts are still viewable,
but approaching the disable date.
FliteCharts Database is Current
and Available
FliteCharts Database is
Expired but Still Available
FliteCharts Database is Disabled
FliteCharts Database is Not Available
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EIS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
When the 180 day grace period has expired, Chart data is disabled. in yellow indicates that the FliteCharts
database has expired and is no longer viewable. Chart Data: N/A appears in white if no FliteCharts data is
available on the database card or no database card is inserted.
Figure 8-54 FliteCharts Power-up Page Messages
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ADDITIONAL FEATURES
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
NOTE: A subdued softkey label indicates the function is disabled.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
FliteCharts time critical information can also be found on the AUX - System Status page. The FliteCharts
database REGION, CYCLE number, EFFECTIVE, EXPIRES, and DISABLES dates of the subscription appear in
either blue or yellow text. Dates shown in blue are current data. Dates shown in yellow indicate the data is not
within the current subscription period.
FliteCharts becomes inoperative 180 days after the FliteCharts EXPIRES date is reached, and is no longer
available for viewing. This date is shown as the DISABLES date. After the disable date the SHW CHRT Softkey
label appears subdued and is unavailable until a revised issue of FliteCharts is installed.
EIS
Press the DBASE Softkey for scrolling through the database information. Scroll through the database with
the FMS knob or ENT Key.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
The FliteCharts database cycle number shown in the figure, 0707, is deciphered as follows:
07 – The first 07 indicates the year 2007
07 – The second 07 indicates the seventh issue of the FliteCharts database for the year
The FliteCharts EFFECTIVE date 05–JUL–07 is the first date that this database is current.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
The FliteCharts EXPIRES date 02–AUG–07 is the last date that this database is current.
The DISABLES date 29–JAN–08 is the date that this database becomes inoperative.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
FliteCharts
Data
APPENDICES
Figure 8-55 AUX – System Status Page, FliteCharts Current and Available
DBASE Softkey
Selected
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Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
INDEX
The FliteCharts database is provided from Garmin. Refer to Updating Garmin Databases in Appendix B for
instructions on revising the FliteCharts database.
441
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
ADDITIONAL FEATURES
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EIS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The other three possible AUX - System Status page conditions are shown here. The EXPIRES date, in yellow,
is the revision date for the next database cycle. The DISABLES date, in yellow, is the date that this database
cycle is no longer viewable. REGION and CYCLE NOT AVAILABLE in blue, indicate that FliteCharts database
is not available on the database card or no database card is inserted.
FliteCharts Database is Disabled
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FliteCharts Database has Expired, but is not Disabled
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
System is
Configured for
FliteCharts but
Database is not
Installed
FliteCharts Database is Not Available
INDEX
Figure 8-56 AUX – System Status Page, FliteCharts Expired,
FliteCharts Disabled, FliteCharts Not Available
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ADDITIONAL FEATURES
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
8.4 XM RADIO ENTERTAINMENT
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
NOTE: Refer to the Hazard Avoidance Section for information about XM Weather products.
The optional XM Radio entertainment feature of the GDL 69A Data Link Receiver is available for the pilot’s and
passengers’ enjoyment. The GDL 69A can receive XM Satellite Radio® entertainment services at any altitude
throughout the Continental U.S. Entertainment audio is not available on the GDL 69 Data Link Receiver.
EIS
XM Satellite Radio offers a variety of radio programming over long distances without having to constantly
search for new stations. Based on signals from satellites, coverage far exceeds land-based transmissions.
XM Satellite Radio services are subscription-based. For more information on specific service packages, visit
www.xmradio.com.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
ACTIVATING XM SATELLITE RADIO SERVICES
The service is activated by providing XM Satellite Radio with either one or two coded IDs, depending on the
equipment. Either the Audio Radio ID or the Data Radio ID, or both, must be provided to XM Satellite Radio
to activate the entertainment subscription.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
It is not required to activate both the entertainment and weather service subscriptions with the GDL 69A.
Either or both services can be activated. XM Satellite Radio uses one or both of the coded IDs to send an
activation signal that, when received by the GDL 69A, allows it to play entertainment programming.
These IDs are located:
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
• On the label on the back of the Data Link Receiver
• On the XM Information Page on the MFD (Figure 8-57)
• On the XM Satellite Radio Activation Instructions included with the unit (available at www.garmin.com, P/N
190-00355-04)
Contact the installer if the Data Radio ID and the Audio Radio ID cannot be located.
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
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443
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
ADDITIONAL FEATURES
NOTE: The LOCK Softkey on the XM Information Page (Auxiliary Page Group) is used to save GDL 69A
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
activation data when the XM services are initially set up. It is not used during normal XM Radio operation,
but there should be no adverse effects if inadvertently pressed during flight. Refer to the GDL 69/69A XM
Satellite Radio Activation Instructions (190-00355-04, Rev F or later) for further information.
Activating the XM Satellite Radio services:
EIS
1) Contact XM Satellite Radio through the email address listed on their website (www.xmradio.com) or by the
customer service phone number listed on the website. Follow the instructions provided by XM Satellite Radio
services.
2) Select the Auxiliary Page Group.
3) Select the next to last page in the AUX Page Group.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
4) Press the INFO Softkey to display the XM Information Page.
5) Verify that the desired services are activated.
6) Press the LOCK Softkey.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
7) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight YES.
8) To complete activation, press the ENT Key.
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Data
Radio ID
Audio
Radio ID
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Weather
Products
Window
RADIO
and INFO
Softkeys
Figure 8-57 XM Information Page
LOCK Softkey
is Used to Save
Activation Data
During Initial Setup
INDEX
If XM weather services have not been activated, all the weather product boxes are blank on the XM Information
Page and a yellow Activation Required message is displayed in the center of the Weather Data Link Page (Map
Page Group). The Service Class refers to the groupings of weather products available for subscription.
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ADDITIONAL FEATURES
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
USING XM RADIO
The XM Radio Page provides information and control of the audio entertainment features of the XM Satellite
Radio.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Selecting the XM Radio Page:
1) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the Auxiliary Page Group.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the displayed AUX - XM Information Page.
3) Press the RADIO Softkey to show the XM Radio Page where audio entertainment is controlled.
EIS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Active
Channel
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Channel
List
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Volume
Field
Categories
Field
AFCS
Figure 8-58 XM Radio Page
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
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445
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
ACTIVE CHANNEL AND CHANNEL LIST
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
ADDITIONAL FEATURES
The Channels List Box of the XM Radio Page shows a list of the available channels for the selected category.
Channels can be stepped through one at a time or may be selected directly by channel number.
The Active Channel Box on the XM Radio Page displays the currently selected channel that the XM Radio
is using.
Selecting a channel from the channel list:
1) While on the XM Radio Page, press the CHNL Softkey.
EIS
2) Press the CH + Softkey to go up through the list in the Channel Box, or move down the list with the
CH – Softkey.
Or:
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
1) Press the FMS Knob to highlight the channel list and turn the large FMS Knob to scroll through the channels.
2) Press the ENT Key to activate the selected channel.
Selecting a channel directly:
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
1) While on the XM Radio Page, press the CHNL Softkey.
2) Press the DIR CH Softkey. The channel number in the Active Channel Box is highlighted.
3) Press the numbered softkeys located on the bottom of the display to directly select the desired channel
number.
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
4) Press the ENT Key to activate the selected channel.
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ADDITIONAL FEATURES
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
CATEGORY
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The Category Box of the XM Radio Page displays the currently selected category of audio. Categories of
channels such as jazz, rock, or news can be selected to list the available channels for a type of music or other
contents. One of the optional categories is PRESETS to view channels that have been programmed.
Selecting a category:
1) Press the CATGRY Softkey on the XM Radio Page.
2) Press the CAT + and CAT - Softkeys to cycle through the categories.
EIS
Or:
Turn the small FMS Knob to display the Categories list. Highlight the desired category with the small FMS Knob
and press the ENT Key. Selecting All Categories places all channels in the list.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
AFCS
Figure 8-59 Categories List
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
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447
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
ADDITIONAL FEATURES
PRESETS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Up to 15 channels from any category can be assigned a preset number. The preset channels are selected by
pressing the PRESETS and MORE Softkeys. Then the preset channel can be selected directly and added to
the channel list for the Presets category.
Setting a preset channel number:
1) On the XM Radio Page, while listening to an Active Channel that is wanted for a preset, press the PRESETS
Softkey to access the first five preset channels (PS1 - PS5).
EIS
2) Press the MORE Softkey to access the next five channels (PS6 – PS10), and again to access the last five
channels (PS11 – PS15). Pressing the MORE Softkey repeatedly cycles through the preset channels.
3) Press any one of the (PS1 - PS15) softkeys to assign a number to the active channel.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
4) Press the SET Softkey on the desired channel number to save the channel as a preset.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Press PRESETS to
Access the Preset
Channels Softkeys
Press MORE to Cycle
Through the Preset
Channels
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Press SET to
Save Each
Preset Channel
Figure 8-60 Accessing and Selecting XM Preset Channels
Pressing the BACK Softkey, or waiting during 45 seconds of softkey inactivity, returns the system to the top
level softkeys.
AFCS
VOLUME
Radio volume is shown as a percentage. Volume level is controlled by pressing the VOL Softkey, which
brings up the MUTE Softkey and the volume increase and decrease softkeys.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Adjusting the volume:
1) With the XM Radio Page displayed, press the VOL Softkey.
APPENDICES
2) Press the VOL – Softkey to reduce volume or press the VOL + Softkey to increase volume. (Once the VOL
Softkey is pressed, the volume can also be adjusted using the small FMS Knob.)
INDEX
3) Press the MUTE Softkey to mute the audio. Press the MUTE Softkey again to unmute the audio.
Figure 8-61 Volume Control
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Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
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ADDITIONAL FEATURES
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
8.5 SCHEDULER
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The Scheduler feature can be used to enter and display reminder messages (e.g., Change oil, Switch fuel tanks,
or Altimeter-Transponder Check) in the Messages Window on the PFD. Messages can be set to display based on
a specific date and time (event), once the message timer reaches zero (one-time; default setting), or recurrently
whenever the message timer reaches zero (periodic). Message timers set to periodic alerting automatically reset
to the original timer value once the message is displayed. When power is cycled, all messages are retained until
deleted, and message timer countdown is resumed.
EIS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Figure 8-62 Scheduler (Utility Page)
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Entering a scheduler message:
1) Select the AUX - Utility Page.
2) Press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the first empty scheduler message naming field.
AFCS
4) Use the FMS Knob to enter the message text to be displayed in the Messages Window and press the ENT
Key.
5) Press the ENT Key again or use the large FMS Knob to move the cursor to the field next to Type.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
6) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the message alert type:
• Event—Message issued at the specified date/time
• One-time—Message issued when the message timer reaches zero (default setting)
APPENDICES
• Periodic—Message issued each time the message timer reaches zero
7) Press the ENT Key again or use the large FMS Knob to move the cursor to the next field.
8) For periodic and one-time message, use the FMS Knob to enter the timer value (HH:MM:SS) from which to
countdown and press the ENT Key.
INDEX
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449
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
ADDITIONAL FEATURES
9) For event-based messages:
a) Use the FMS Knob to enter the desired date (DD-MM-YY) and press the ENT Key.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
b) Press the ENT Key again or use the large FMS Knob to move the cursor to the next field.
c) Use the FMS Knob to enter the desired time (HH:MM) and press the ENT Key.
10) Press the ENT Key again or use the large FMS Knob to move the cursor to enter the next message.
Deleting a scheduler message:
1) Select the AUX - Utility Page.
EIS
2) Press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the name field of the scheduler message to be deleted.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
4) Press the CLR Key to clear the message text. If the CLR Key is pressed again, the message is restored.
5) Press the ENT Key while the message line is cleared to clear the message time.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Scheduler messages appear in the Messages Window on the PFD. When a scheduler message is waiting, the
ALERTS Softkey label changes to ADVISORY. Pressing the ADVISORY Softkey opens the Messages Window
and acknowledges the scheduler message. The softkey label reverts to ALERTS when pressed, the Messages
Window is removed from the display, and the scheduler message is deleted from the message queue.
INDEX
APPENDICES
Figure 8-63 PFD Messages Window
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ADDITIONAL FEATURES
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
8.6 ABNORMAL OPERATION
GDL 69/69A DATA LINK RECEIVER TROUBLESHOOTING
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Some quick troubleshooting steps listed below can be performed to find the possible cause of a failure.
• Ensure the owner/operator of the aircraft in which the Data Link Receiver is installed has subscribed to XM
• Ensure the XM subscription has been activated
• Perform a quick check of the circuit breakers to ensure that power is applied to the Data Link Receiver
EIS
• Ensure that nothing is plugged into the Aux Audio In jack because this would prevent XM radio from being
heard
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
For troubleshooting purposes, check the LRU Information Box on the AUX - System Status Page for Data Link
Receiver (GDL 69/69A) status, serial number, and software version number. If a failure has been detected in the
GDL 69/69A the status is marked with a red X.
Selecting the System Status Page:
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
1) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the AUX Page Group.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the System Status Page (the last page in the AUX Page Group).
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
Figure 8-64 LRU Information Window on System Status Page
190-00749-00 Rev B
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
451
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
ADDITIONAL FEATURES
If a failure still exists, the following messages may provide insight as to the possible problem:
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Message
CHECK ANTENNA
UPDATING
NO SIGNAL
LOADING
OFF AIR
---
Message Location
XM Radio Page - active channel field
XM Radio Page - active channel field
XM Radio Page - active channel field
Weather Datalink Page - center of page
XM Radio Page - active channel field
XM Radio Page - active channel field
XM Radio Page - active channel field
Description
Data Link Receiver antenna error; service required
Data Link Receiver updating encryption code
Loss of signal; signal strength too low for receiver
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EIS
Acquiring channel audio or information
Channel not in service
Missing channel information
No communication from Data Link Receiver
WEATHER DATA LINK FAILURE Weather Datalink Page - center of page
within last 5 minutes
ACTIVATION REQUIRED
Weather Datalink Page - center of page XM subscription is not activated
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Table 8-3 GDL 69/69A Data Link Receiver Error Messages
452
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
190-00749-00 Rev B
APPENDIX A
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
ANNUNCIATIONS AND ALERTS
NOTE: The Cessna Caravan Pilot’s Operating Handbook (POH) supersedes information found in this
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
document.
The G1000 Alerting System conveys alerts to the pilot using a combination of the following items:
EIS
• Comparator Window: The Comparator Window displays the sensors discrepency text. The Comparator
Window is located below COM2 and to the right of the Vertical Speed Indicator on the display. The Comparator
monitors critical values generated by redundant sensors. If differences in the sensors exceed a specified amount,
this discrepency will be annuciated in the Comparator Window as a ‘MISCOMP’ (miscompare). If one or both
of the sensed values are unavailable, it will be annunciated as a ‘NO COMP’ (no compare).
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
• Reversionary Sensor Window: The Reversionary Sensor Window displays the selected reversionary sensor
(ADC1, ADC2, AHRS1 OR AHRS2). The Reversionary Sensor Window is located below the Comparator
Window and to the right of the Vertical Speed Indicator on the display. These annuciations reflect reversionary
sensors selected on one or both PFDs (i.e. ‘BOTH ON ADC1). Pressing the SENSOR Softkey gives access to
ADC1, ADC2, AHRS1, and AHRS2 Softkeys. These softkeys allow manual switching of sensors. In the case
of certain types of sensor failures, the G1000 may make some sensor selections automatically. The GPS sensor
cannot be switched manually.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
• Annunciation Window: The Annunciation Window displays abbreviated annunciation text. Text color is
based on alert levels described in the following section. The Annunciation Window is located to the right of
the Altimeter and Vertical Speed Indicator. All aircraft warning annunciations can be displayed simultaneously
in the Annunciation Window. Warning (Red) and Caution (Amber) annunciations flash until they have been
acknowledged by the crew via the rightmost softkey on either PFD. Advisory (white) annunciations do not
require acknowledgement. In the event there are more Caution and/or Advisory messages than can be displayed
in the Annunciation Window, use the CAS� and CAS� softkeys to scroll through the messages. Higher priority
annunciations are displayed towards the top of the window.
AFCS
• Alerts Window: The Alerts Window displays text messages for up to 64 prioritized alert messages. Pressing
the ALERTS Softkey displays the Alerts Window. Pressing the ALERTS Softkey a second time removes the
Alerts Window from the display. When the Alerts Window is displayed, the FMS Knob can be used to scroll
through the alert message list.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
• Softkey Annunciation: During certain alerts, the ALERTS Softkey may appear as a flashing annunciation
to accompany an alert. The ALERTS Softkey assumes a new label consistent with the alert level (WARNING,
CAUTION, or ADVISORY). By selecting the softkey when flashing an annunciation, the alert is acknowledged.
The softkey label then returns to ALERTS. If alerts are still present, the ALERTS label is displayed in white
with black text. Selecting the ALERTS Softkey a second time views the alert text messages.
APPENDICES
• System Annunciations: Typically, a large red ‘X’ appears over instruments whose information is supplied by
a failed Line Replaceable Unit (LRU). See the G1000 System Annunciations Section for more information.
• Audio Alerting System: The G1000 system issues audio alert tones when specific system conditions are met.
See the Alert Level Definitions section for more information.
INDEX
190-00749-00 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
453
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
APPENDIX A
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Comparator
Window
EIS
Reversionary
Sensor
Window
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Figure A-1 Comparator and Sensor Window
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
System
Annunciation
Red ‘X’
AFCS
Annunciation
Window
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Alerts
Window
APPENDICES
ALERTS Softkey
Annunciation
INDEX
Figure A-2 Annunciation and Alerting System
454
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
190-00749-00 Rev. B
APPENDIX A
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
ALERT LEVEL DEFINITIONS
The G1000 Alerting System, as installed in Cessna Caravan, uses three alert levels.
• WARNING: This level of alert requires immediate attention.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Warning alert text is shown in red in the Annunciation Window and is accompanied by a continuous chime
and flashing WARNING Softkey annunciation (see Figure A-3). Pressing the WARNING Softkey acknowledges
the presence of the warning alert and stops the aural chime.
• CAUTION: This level of alert indicates the existence of abnormal conditions on the aircraft that may require
intervention.
EIS
Caution alert text is shown in yellow in the Annunciation Window and is accompanied by a single chime
and flashing CAUTION Softkey annunciation (see Figure A-4). Pressing the CAUTION Softkey acknowledges
the presence of the caution alert.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
• ANNUNCIATION OR MESSAGE ADVISORY: This level of alert provides general information.
Annunciation alert text is shown in white in the Annunciation Window; no aural tone is generated. An
annunciation alert is accompanied by a flashing ADVISORY Softkey annunciation (see Figure A-5). Pressing
the ADVISORY Softkey acknowledges the presence of the annunciation alert.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Message advisory alerts do not issue annunciations in the Annunciation Window. Instead, message advisory
alerts only issue a flashing ADVISORY Softkey annunciation (see Figure A-5). Pressing the ADVISORY Softkey
acknowledges the presence of the message advisory alert and displays the alert text message in the Alerts
Window.
Figure A-4 CAUTION Softkey
Annunciation
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure A-3 WARNING Softkey
Annunciation
Figure A-5 ADVISORY Softkey
Annunciation
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
190-00749-00 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
455
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
APPENDIX A
COMPARATOR ANNUNCIATIONS
The following is a list of the possible annunciations:
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EIS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Comparator Window Text
Condition
Difference in altitude sensors is > 200 ft.
ALT MISCOMP
If both airspeed sensors detect < 35 kts, this is inhibited.
IAS MISCOMP
If either airspeed sensor detects > 35 kts, and the difference in sensors is > 10 kts.
If either airspeed sensor detects > 80 kts, and the difference in sensors is > 7 kts.
HDG MISCOMP
Difference in heading sensors is > 6º.
PIT MISCOMP
Difference in pitch sensors is > 5º.
ROLL MISCOMP
Difference in roll sensors is > 6º.
ALT NO COMP
No data from one or both altitude sensors.
IAS NO COMP
No data from one or both airspeed sensors.
HDG NO COMP
No data from one or both heading sensors.
PIT MISCOMP
No data from one or both pitch sensors.
ROLL MISCOMP
No data from one or both roll sensors..
REVERSIONARY SENSOR ANNUNCIATIONS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
The following is a list of the followign possible annunciations:
Condition
Both PFDs are displaying data from the #1 Air Data Computer.
Both PFDs are displaying data from the #2 Air Data Computer.
Both PFDs are displaying data from the #1 AHRS.
Both PFDs are displaying data from the #2 AHRS.
Both PFDs are displaying data from the #1 GPS receiver.
Both PFDs are displaying data from the #2 GPS receiver.
The PFD displaying this annuncation is displaying data from the cross-side Air Data Computer.
The PFD displaying this annunciation is displaying data from the cross-side AHRS.
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
Reversionary Sensor
Window Text
BOTH ON ADC1
BOTH ON ADC2
BOTH ON AHRS1
BOTH ON AHRS2
BOTH ON GPS1
BOTH ON GPS2
XSIDE ADC
XSIDE AHRS
456
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
190-00749-00 Rev. B
APPENDIX A
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
CARAVAN CAS ALERTS
The following alerts are configured specifically for the Cessna Caravan. See the Pilot’s Operating Handbook
(POH) for information regarding pilot responses.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
WARNING ALERTS
Audio Alert
EIS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Repeating Chime
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Annunciation Window Text
OIL PRESS LOW
VOLTAGE LOW
VOLTAGE HIGH
ENGINE FIRE
RSVR FUEL LOW
BATTERY OVHT*
EMER PWR LVR
A-ICE PRESS LOW*
A-ICE LF*
FUEL SELECT OFF
GENERATR OVRHT*
BETA*
* Applicable installations only
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Single Chime
INDEX
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
APPENDICES
190-00749-00 Rev. B
Audio Alert
AFCS
Annunciation Window Text
FUEL BOOST ON
STBY PWR INOP
ALTNR OVHT*
FUEL PRESS LOW
STARTER ON
GENERATOR AMPS
CHIP DETECT
BATTERY HOT*
DOOR UNLATCHED
GENERATOR OFF
A-ICE PRESS HI*
A-ICE LF*
PROP DE-ICE*
L P/S HEAT
R P/S HEAT
L-R P/S HEAT
STALL HEAT
ALTNR AMPS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
CAUTION ALERTS
457
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
APPENDIX A
CAUTION ALERTS (CONT.)
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Annunciation Window Text
ETM EXCEED
A-ICE FLUID LO*
L FUEL LO
R FUEL LO
L-R FUEL LO
Audio Alert
Single Chime
EIS
* Applicable installations only
ADVISORY ALERTS
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Annunciation Window Text
SPD NOT AVAIL
IGNITION ON
A-ICE NORM*
A-ICE HIGH*
ETM EXCEED
ETM PREV EXCEED
ETM CAPTURE
STBY PWR ON
ETM FAULT
AVN FAN FAIL
PFD1 FAN FAIL
PFD2 FAN FAIL
MFD FAN FAIL
Audio Alert
None
* Applicable installations only
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
VOICE ALERTS
The following voice alerts can be configured for ‘Male’ or ‘Female’ gender by using Aux System Setup Page on the MFD.
APPENDICES
Aural Alert
“Minimums”
INDEX
“Traffic, Traffic”
“Traffic Advisory
System Test Passed”
“Traffic Advisory
System Test Failed”
458
Description
The aircraft has descended below the preset minimum descent altitude or decision altitude.
Played when first Traffic Advisory (TA) is issued. “Traffic” for each subsequent TA.
Played when the TAS system passes a pilot-initiated self test.
Played when the TAS system fails a pilot-initiated self test.
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
190-00749-00 Rev. B
APPENDIX A
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
G1000 SYSTEM ANNUNCIATIONS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
When a new alert is issued, the ALERTS Softkey will flash to alert the pilot of a new message. It will continue
to flash until acknowledged by pressing the softkey. Active alerts are displayed in white text. Alerts that have
become inactive will change to gray text. The ALERTS Softkey will flash if the state of a displayed alert changes
or a new alert is displayed. The inactive alerts can be removed from the Alerts Window by pressing the flashing
ALERTS Softkey.
When an LRU or an LRU function fails, a large red “X” is typically displayed on windows associated with the
failed data. The following section describes various system annunciations. Refer to the AFM for additional
information regarding pilot responses to these annunciations.
EIS
GIA 63W
Integrated
Avionics Units
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
GIA 63W
Integrated
Avionics Units
GDC 74A Air
Data Computer
GIA 63W
Integrated
Avionics Units
GEA 71 Engine
Airframe Unit
GTX 33/D
Transponder
OR
GIA 63W
Integrated
Avionics Units
Figure A-6 G1000 System Failure Annunciations
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Fuel Quantity
Signal
Conditioner
AFCS
GRS 77 AHRS
OR
GMU 44
Magnetometer
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
GEA 71 Engine
Airframe Unit
OR
GIA 63W
Integrated
Avionics Unit
GDC 74A Air
Data Computer
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
NOTE: Upon power-up of the G1000 system, certain windows remain invalid as G1000 equipment begins to
initialize. All windows should be operational within one minute of power-up. Should any window continue
to remain flagged, the G1000 system should be serviced by a Garmin-authorized repair facility.
APPENDICES
INDEX
190-00749-00 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
459
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
APPENDIX A
System Annunciation
Comment
System Annunciation
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Attitude and Heading
Reference System is
aligning.
Display system is not receiving
airspeed input from air data
computer.
EIS
Display system is not
receiving attitude
information from the
AHRS.
Display system is not receiving
vertical speed input from the
air data computer.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
AHRS calibration
incomplete or
configuration module
failure.
Display system is not receiving
valid heading input from
AHRS
Display system is not receiving
altitude input from the air
data computer.
Display system is not
receiving valid true airspeed
information from air data
computer.
Display system is not receiving
valid OAT information from air
data computer.
Display system is not receiving
valid transponder information.
Other Various Red X
Indications
A red ‘X’ through any other
display field (such as engine
instrumentation fields)
indicates that the field is not
receiving valid data.
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
This annunciation is
seen only when the
autopilot is engaged. The
annunciation indicates
an AHRS monitor has
detected an abnormal
flight parameter, possibly
caused by strong
turbulence. In this case,
the situation should
correct itself within a few
seconds. If there is an
actual failure, a red “X”
soon appears over the
Attitude Indicator.
GPS information is either
not present or is invalid for
navigation use. Note that
AHRS utilizes GPS inputs
during normal operation.
AHRS operation may be
degraded if GPS signals
are not present (see POH).
Comment
460
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
190-00749-00 Rev. B
APPENDIX A
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
G1000 SYSTEM MESSAGE ADVISORIES
NOTE: This section provides information regarding G1000 message advisories that may be displayed by
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
the system. Knowledge of the aircraft, systems, flight conditions, and other existing operational priorities
must be considered when responding to a message. Always use sound pilot judgment. The Cessna Caravan
Pilot’s Operating Handbook (POH) takes precedence over any conflicting guidance found in this section.
This section describes various G1000 system message advisories. Certain messages are issued due to an LRU
or an LRU function failure. Such messages are normally accompanied by a corresponding red “X” annunciation
as shown previously in the G1000 System Annunciation section.
EIS
MFD & PFD MESSAGE ADVISORIES
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
The PFD and/or MFD self-test has detected a problem. The G1000 system should be
serviced.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
The PFD and/or MFD has incorrect software installed. The G1000 system should be
serviced.
AFCS
The PFD configuration settings do not match backup configuration memory. The G1000
system should be serviced.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
The MFD configuration settings do not match backup configuration memory. The G1000
system should be serviced.
The MFD and PFDs have different software versions installed. The G1000 system should
be serviced.
APPENDICES
The PFD and/or MFD is overheating and is reducing power consumption by dimming the
display. If problem persists, the G1000 system should be serviced.
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
INDEX
190-00749-00 Rev. B
Comments
The pilot profile data was lost. System reverts to default pilot profile and settings. The
pilot may reconfigure the MFD & PFDs with preferred settings, if desired.
The MFD and PFDs are not communicating with each other. The G1000 system should be
serviced.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Message
DATA LOST – Pilot stored data
was lost. Recheck settings.
XTALK ERROR – A flight display
crosstalk error has occurred.
PFD1 SERVICE – PFD1 needs
service. Return unit for repair.
PFD2 SERVICE – PFD2 needs
service. Return unit for repair.
MFD1 SERVICE – MFD1 needs
service. Return unit for repair.
MANIFEST – PFD1 software
mismatch, communication halted.
MANIFEST – PFD2 software
mismatch, communication halted.
MANIFEST – MFD1 software
mismatch, communication halted.
PFD1 CONFIG – PFD1 config error.
Config service req’d.
PFD2 CONFIG – PFD2 config error.
Config service req’d.
MFD1 CONFIG – MFD1 config
error. Config service req’d.
SW MISMATCH – GDU software
version mismatch. Xtalk is off.
PFD1 COOLING – PFD1 has poor
cooling. Reducing power usage.
PFD2 COOLING – PFD2 has poor
cooling. Reducing power usage.
MFD1 COOLING – MFD1 has poor
cooling. Reducing power usage.
461
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
APPENDIX A
MFD & PFD MESSAGE ADVISORIES (CONT.)
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EIS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Message
PFD1 KEYSTK – PFD1 [key name]
Key is stuck.
PFD2 KEYSTK – PFD2 [key name]
Key is stuck.
MFD1 KEYSTK – MFD [key name]
Key is stuck.
CNFG MODULE – PFD1
configuration module is
inoperative.
PFD1 VOLTAGE – PFD1 has low
voltage. Reducing power usage
PFD2 VOLTAGE – PFD2 has low
voltage. Reducing power usage
MFD1 VOLTAGE – MFD1 has low
voltage. Reducing power usage
Comments
A key is stuck on the PFD and/or MFD bezel. Attempt to free the stuck key by pressing it
several times. The G1000 system should be serviced if the problem persists.
The PFD1 configuration module backup memory has failed. The G1000 system should be
serviced.
The PFD1 voltage is low. The G1000 system should be serviced.
The PFD2 voltage is low. The G1000 system should be serviced.
The MFD voltage is low. The G1000 system should be serviced.
DATABASE MESSAGE ADVISORIES
Comments
The MFD and/or PFD detected a failure in the aviation database. Attempt to reload the
aviation database. If problem persists, the G1000 system should be serviced.
The MFD and/or PFD detected a failure in the basemap database.
The MFD and/or PFD detected a failure in the terrain database. Ensure that the terrain
card is properly inserted in display. Replace terrain card. If problem persists, The G1000
system should be serviced.
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Message
MFD1 DB ERR – MFD1 aviation
database error exists.
PFD1 DB ERR – PFD1 aviation
database error exists.
PFD2 DB ERR – PFD2 aviation
database error exists.
MFD1 DB ERR – MFD1 basemap
database error exists.
PFD1 DB ERR – PFD1 basemap
database error exists.
PFD2 DB ERR – PFD2 basemap
database error exists.
MFD1 DB ERR – MFD1 terrain
database error exists.
PFD1 DB ERR – PFD1 terrain
database error exists.
PFD2 DB ERR – PFD2 terrain
database error exists.
462
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
190-00749-00 Rev. B
APPENDIX A
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
DATABASE MESSAGE ADVISORIES (CONT.)
The terrain database is present on another LRU, but is missing on the specified LRU.
EIS
The MFD and/or PFD detected a failure in the obstacle database. Ensure that the data
card is properly inserted. Replace data card. If problem persists, The G1000 system
should be serviced.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
The obstacle database is present on another LRU, but is missing on the specified LRU.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
The MFD and/or PFD detected a failure in the airport terrain database. Ensure that the
data card is properly inserted. Replace data card. If problem persists, The G1000 system
should be serviced.
AFCS
The airport terrain database is present on another LRU, but is missing on the specified
LRU.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
The MFD and/or PFD detected a failure in the Safe Taxi database. Ensure that the data
card is properly inserted. Replace data card. If problem persists, The G1000 system
should be serviced.
APPENDICES
The MFD and/or PFDs detected a failure in the ChartView database (optional feature).
Ensure that the data card is properly inserted. Replace data card. If problem persists, The
G1000 system should be serviced.
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
INDEX
190-00749-00 Rev. B
Comments
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Message
MFD1 DB ERR – MFD1 terrain
database missing.
PFD1 DB ERR – PFD1 terrain
database missing.
PFD2 DB ERR – PFD2 terrain
database missing.
MFD1 DB ERR – MFD1 obstacle
database error exists.
PFD1 DB ERR – PFD1 obstacle
database error exists.
PFD2 DB ERR – PFD2 obstacle
database error exists.
MFD1 DB ERR – MFD1 obstacle
database missing.
PFD1 DB ERR – PFD1 obstacle
database missing.
PFD2 DB ERR – PFD2 obstacle
database missing.
MFD1 DB ERR – MFD1 airport
terrain database error exists.
PFD1 DB ERR – PFD1 airport
terrain database error exists.
PFD2 DB ERR – PFD2 airport
terrain database error exists.
MFD1 DB ERR – MFD1 airport
terrain database missing.
PFD1 DB ERR – PFD1 airport
terrain database missing.
PFD2 DB ERR – PFD2 airport
terrain database missing.
MFD1 DB ERR – MFD1 Safe Taxi
database error exists.
PFD1 DB ERR – PFD1 Safe Taxi
database error exists.
PFD2 DB ERR – PFD2 Safe Taxi
database error exists.
MFD1 DB ERR – MFD1 Chartview
database error exists.
463
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
APPENDIX A
DATABASE MESSAGE ADVISORIES (CONT.)
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EIS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Message
Comments
MFD1 DB ERR – MFD1 FliteCharts The MFD and/or PFDs detected a failure in the FliteCharts database (optional feature).
database error exists.
Ensure that the data card is properly inserted. Replace data card. If problem persists, The
G1000 system should be serviced.
DB MISMATCH – Aviation
The PFDs and MFD have different aviation database versions installed. Crossfill is off.
database version mismatch. Xtalk
Install correct aviation database version in all displays.
is off.
DB MISMATCH – Aviation
The PFDs and MFD have different aviation database types installed (Americas, European,
database type mismatch. Xtalk is
etc.). Crossfill is off. Install correct aviation database type in all displays.
off.
DB MISMATCH – Terrain database The PFDs and MFD have different terrain database versions installed. Install correct
version mismatch.
terrain database version in all displays.
DB MISMATCH – Terrain database The PFDs and MFD have different terrain database types installed. Install correct terrain
type mismatch.
database type in all displays.
DB MISMATCH – Obstacle
The PFDs and MFD have different obstacle database versions installed. Install correct
database version mismatch.
obstacle database version in all displays.
DB MISMATCH – Airport Terrain
The PFDs and MFD have different airport terrrain databases installed. Install correct
database mismatch.
airport terrain database in all displays.
GMA 1347 MESSAGE ADVISORIES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Message
Comments
GMA1 FAIL – GMA1 is inoperative. The audio panel self-test has detected a failure. The audio panel is unavailable. The
G1000 system should be serviced.
GMA1 CONFIG – GMA1 config
The audio panel configuration settings do not match backup configuration memory. The
error. Config service req’d.
G1000 system should be serviced.
MANIFEST – GMA1 software
The audio panel has incorrect software installed. The G1000 system should be serviced.
mismatch, communication halted.
GMA1 SERVICE – GMA1 needs
The audio panel self-test has detected a problem in the unit. Certain audio functions may still
service. Return unit for repair.
be available, and the audio panel may still be usable. The G1000 system should be serviced
when possible.
GIA 63W MESSAGE ADVISORIES
INDEX
APPENDICES
Message
GIA1 CONFIG – GIA1 config error.
Config service req’d.
GIA2 CONFIG – GIA2 config error.
Config service req’d.
GIA1 CONFIG – GIA1 audio config
error. Config service req’d.
GIA2 CONFIG – GIA2 audio config
error. Config service req’d.
464
Comments
The GIA1 and/or GIA2 configuration settings do not match backup configuration
memory. The G1000 system should be serviced.
The GIA1 and/or GIA2 have an error in the audio configuration. The G1000 system
should be serviced.
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
190-00749-00 Rev. B
APPENDIX A
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
GIA 63W MESSAGE ADVISORIES (CONT.)
The GIA1 and/or GIA2 temperature is too low to operate correctly. Allow units to warm
up to operating temperature.
The GIA1 and/or GIA2 temperature is too high. If problem persists, the G1000 system
should be serviced.
EIS
The GIA1 and/or GIA2 self-test has detected a problem in the unit. The G1000 system
should be serviced.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
A GIA mismatch has been detected, where only one is WAAS capable.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
The GIA1 and/or GIA 2 has incorrect software installed. The G1000 system should be
serviced.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
The system has detected an over temperature condition in COM1 and/or COM2. The
transmitter is operating at reduced power. If the problem persists, the G1000 system
should be serviced.
AFCS
The system has detected a failure in COM1 and/or COM2. COM1 and/or COM2 may still
be usable. The G1000 system should be serviced when possible.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
The COM1 and/or COM2 external push-to-talk switch is stuck in the enable (or
“pressed”) position. Press the PTT switch again to cycle its operation.
If the problem persists, the G1000 system should be serviced.
APPENDICES
The COM1 and/or COM2 transfer switch is stuck in the enabled (or “pressed”) position.
Press the transfer switch again to cycle its operation. If the problem persists, the G1000
system should be serviced.
INDEX
190-00749-00 Rev. B
Comments
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Message
GIA1 COOLING – GIA1
temperature too low.
GIA2 COOLING – GIA2
temperature too low.
GIA1 COOLING – GIA1 over
temperature.
GIA2 COOLING – GIA2 over
temperature.
GIA1 SERVICE – GIA1 needs
service. Return the unit for repair.
GIA2 SERVICE – GIA2 needs
service. Return the unit for repair.
HW MISMATCH – GIA hardware
mismatch. GIA1 communication
halted.
HW MISMATCH – GIA hardware
mismatch. GIA2 communication
halted.
MANIFEST – GIA1 software
mismatch, communication halted.
MANIFEST – GIA2 software
mismatch, communication halted.
COM1 TEMP – COM1 over temp.
Reducing transmitter power.
COM2 TEMP – COM2 over temp.
Reducing transmitter power.
COM1 SERVICE – COM1 needs
service. Return unit for repair.
COM2 SERVICE – COM2 needs
service. Return unit for repair.
COM1 PTT – COM1 push-to-talk
key is stuck.
COM2 PTT – COM2 push-to-talk
key is stuck.
COM1 RMT XFR – COM1 remote
transfer key is stuck.
COM2 RMT XFR – COM2 remote
transfer key is stuck.
LOI – GPS integrity lost. Crosscheck
with other NAVS.
GPS integrity is insufficient for the current phase of flight.
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
465
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
APPENDIX A
GIA 63W MESSAGE ADVISORIES (CONT.)
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EIS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Message
GPS NAV LOST – Loss of GPS
navigation. Insufficient satellites.
GPS NAV LOST – Loss of GPS
navigation. Position error.
GPS NAV LOST – Loss of GPS
navigation. GPS fail.
ABORT APR – Loss of GPS
navigation. Abort approach.
APR DWNGRADE – Approach
downgraded.
TRUE APR – True north approach.
Change HDG reference to TRUE.
GPS1 SERVICE – GPS1 needs
service. Return unit for repair.
GPS2 SERVICE – GPS2 needs
service. Return unit for repair.
NAV1 SERVICE – NAV1 needs
service. Return unit for repair.
NAV2 SERVICE – NAV2 needs
service. Return unit for repair.
NAV1 RMT XFR – NAV1 remote
transfer key is stuck.
NAV2 RMT XFR – NAV2 remote
transfer key is stuck.
G/S1 FAIL – G/S1 is inoperative.
G/S2 FAIL – G/S2 is inoperative.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
G/S1 SERVICE – G/S1 needs
service. Return unit for repair.
G/S2 SERVICE – G/S2 needs
service. Return unit for repair.
Comments
Loss of GPS navigation due to insufficient satellites.
Loss of GPS navigation due to position error.
Loss of GPS navigation due to GPS failure.
Abort approach due to loss of GPS navigation.
Vertical guidance generated by WAAS is unavailable, use LNAV only minimums.
Displayed after passing the first waypoint of a true north approach when the nav angle
is set to ‘AUTO’.
A failure has been detected in the GPS1 and/or GPS2 receiver. The receiver may still be
available. The G1000 system should be serviced.
A failure has been detected in the NAV1 and/or NAV2 receiver. The receiver may still be
available. The G1000 system should be serviced.
The remote NAV1 and/or NAV2 transfer switch is stuck in the enabled (or “pressed”)
state. Press the transfer switch again to cycle its operation. If the problem persists, the
G1000 system should be serviced.
A failure has been detected in glideslope receiver 1 and/or receiver 2. The G1000 system
should be serviced.
A failure has been detected in glideslope receiver 1 and/or receiver 2. The receiver may
still be available. The G1000 system should be serviced when possible.
APPENDICES
GEA 71 MESSAGE ADVISORIES
INDEX
Message
GEA1 CONFIG – GEA1 config error.
Config service req’d.
MANIFEST – GEA1 software
mismatch, communication halted.
466
Comments
The GEA1 configuration settings do not match those of backup configuration memory.
The G1000 system should be serviced.
The #1 GEA 71 has incorrect software installed. The G1000 system should be serviced.
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
190-00749-00 Rev. B
APPENDIX A
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
GTX 33 MESSAGE ADVISORIES
Comments
The transponder configuration settings do not match those of backup configuration
memory. The G1000 system should be serviced.
The transponder configuration settings do not match those of backup configuration
memory. The G1000 system should be serviced.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The transponder has incorrect software installed. The G1000 system should be serviced.
The transponder has incorrect software installed. The G1000 system should be serviced.
EIS
The #1 transponder should be serviced when possible.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
The #2 transponder should be serviced when possible.
There is no communication with the #1 transponder.
There is no communication with the #2 transponder.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Message
XPDR1 CONFIG – XPDR1 config
error. Config service req’d.
XPDR2 CONFIG – XPDR2 config
error. Config service req’d.
MANIFEST – GTX1 software
mismatch, communication halted.
MANIFEST – GTX2 software
mismatch, communication halted.
XPDR1 SRVC – XPDR1 needs
service. Return unit for repair.
XPDR2 SRVC – XPDR2 needs
service. Return unit for repair.
XPDR1 FAIL – XPDR1 is
inoperative.
XPDR2 FAIL – XPDR2 is
inoperative.
GRS 77 MESSAGE ADVISORIES
AHRS2 TAS – AHRS2 not receiving
airspeed.
APPENDICES
INDEX
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
190-00749-00 Rev. B
AFCS
AHRS1 GPS – AHRS1 using backup
GPS source.
AHRS2 GPS – AHRS2 using backup
GPS source.
AHRS1 GPS – AHRS1 not receiving
any GPS information.
AHRS2 GPS – AHRS2 not receiving
any GPS information.
AHRS1 GPS – AHRS1 not receiving
backup GPS information.
AHRS2 GPS – AHRS2 not receiving
backup GPS information.
AHRS1 GPS – AHRS1 operating
exclusively in no-GPS mode.
AHRS2 GPS – AHRS2 operating
exclusively in no-GPS mode.
Comments
The #1 AHRS is not receiving true airspeed from the air data computer. The AHRS relies
on GPS information to augment the lack of airspeed. The G1000 system should be
serviced.
The #2 AHRS is not receiving true airspeed from the air data computer. The AHRS relies
on GPS information to augment the lack of airspeed. The G1000 system should be
serviced.
The #1 AHRS is using the backup GPS path. Primary GPS path has failed. The G1000
system should be serviced when possible.
The #2 AHRS is using the backup GPS path. Primary GPS path has failed. The G1000
system should be serviced when possible.
The #1 AHRS is not receiving any or any useful GPS information. Check AFMS
limitations. The G1000 system should be serviced.
The #2 AHRS is not receiving any or any useful GPS information. Check AFMS
limitations. The G1000 system should be serviced.
The #1 AHRS is not receiving backup GPS information. The G1000 system should be
serviced.
The #2 AHRS is not receiving backup GPS information. The G1000 system should be
serviced.
The #1 AHRS is operating exclusively in no-GPS mode. The G1000 system should be
serviced.
The #2 AHRS is operating exclusively in no-GPS mode. The G1000 system should be
serviced.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Message
AHRS1 TAS – AHRS1 not receiving
airspeed.
467
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
APPENDIX A
GRS 77 MESSAGE ADVISORIES (CONT.)
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EIS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Message
AHRS MAG DB – AHRS magnetic
model database version mismatch.
AHRS1 SRVC – AHRS1 Magneticfield model needs update.
AHRS2 SRVC – AHRS2 Magneticfield model needs update.
GEO LIMITS – AHRS1 too far
North/South, no magnetic compass.
GEO LIMITS – AHRS2 too far
North/South, no magnetic compass.
MANIFEST – GRS1 software
mismatch, communication halted.
MANIFEST – GRS2 software
mismatch, communication halted.
Comments
The #1 AHRS and #2 AHRS magnetic model database versions do not match.
The #1 AHRS earth magnetic field model is out of date. Update magnetic field model
when practical.
The #2 AHRS earth magnetic field model is out of date. Update magnetic field model
when practical.
The aircraft is outside geographical limits for approved AHRS operation. Heading is
flagged as invalid.
The #1 AHRS has incorrect software installed. The G1000 system should be serviced.
The #2 AHRS has incorrect software installed. The G1000 system should be serviced.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
GMU 44 MESSAGE ADVISORIES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Message
HDG FAULT – AHRS1
magnetometer fault has occurred.
HDG FAULT – AHRS2
magnetometer fault has occurred.
MANIFEST – GMU1 software
mismatch, communication halted.
MANIFEST – GMU2 software
mismatch, communication halted.
Comments
A fault has occurred in the #1 GMU 44. Heading is flagged as invalid. The AHRS uses
GPS for backup mode operation. The G1000 system should be serviced.
A fault has occurred in the #2 GMU 44. Heading is flagged as invalid. The AHRS uses
GPS for backup mode operation. The G1000 system should be serviced.
The GMU 44 has incorrect software installed. The G1000 system should be serviced.
GDL 69A MESSAGE ADVISORIES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Message
GDL69 CONFIG – GDL 69 config
error. Config service req’d.
GDL69 FAIL – GDL 69 has failed.
INDEX
APPENDICES
MANIFEST – GDL software
mismatch, communication halted.
Comments
GDL 69 configuration settings do not match those of backup configuration memory. The
G1000 system should be serviced.
A failure has been detected in the GDL 69. The receiver is unavailable. The G1000
system should be serviced
The GDL 69 has incorrect software installed. The G1000 system should be serviced.
468
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
190-00749-00 Rev. B
APPENDIX A
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
GWX 68 ALERT MESSAGES
A failure has been detected in the GWX 68. The GWX 68 may still be usable.
The GWX 68 has incorrect software installed. The G1000 system should be serviced.
EIS
GWX SERVICE – GWX needs
service. Return unit for repair.
MANIFEST – GWX software
mismatch, communication halted.
Comments
GWX 68 configuration settings do not match those of the GDU configuration. The
G1000 system should be serviced.
The GDU is not recieving status packet from the GWX 68 or the GWX 68 is reporting a
fault. The GWX 68 radar system should be serviced.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Message
GWX CONFIG – GWX config error.
Config service req’d.
GWX FAIL – GWX is inoperative.
GDC 74A MESSAGE ADVISORIES
Comments
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
The GDC 74A has incorrect software installed. The G1000 system should be serviced.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Message
MANIFEST – GDC1 software
mismatch, communication halted.
MANIFEST – GDC2 software
mismatch, communication halted.
GMC 710 MESSAGE ADVISORIES
Comments
Error in the configuration of the GMC 710.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Message
GMC CONFIG – GMC Config error.
Config service req’d.
GMC FAIL – GMC is inoperative.
MANIFEST – GMC software
mismatch. Communication halted.
GMC KEYSTK – GMC [key name]
Key is stuck.
A failure has been detected in the GMC 710. The GMC 710 is unavailable.
The GMC 710 has incorrect software installed. The G1000 system should be serviced.
A key is stuck on the GMC 710 bezel. Attempt to free the stuck key by pressing it
several times. The G1000 system should be serviced if the problem persists.
AFCS
MISCELLANEOUS MESSAGE ADVISORIES
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
469
INDEX
190-00749-00 Rev. B
APPENDICES
Comments
Upon power-up, the G1000 system detects that a stored flight plan waypoint is locked. This
occurs when an aviation database update eliminates an obsolete waypoint. The flight plan
cannot find the specified waypoint and flags this message. This can also occur with user
waypoints in a flight plan that is deleted.
Remove the waypoint from the flight plan if it no longer exists in any database,
Or
update the waypoint name/identifier to reflect the new information.
FPL WPT MOVE – Flight plan
The system has detected that a waypoint coordinate has changed due to a new aviation
waypoint moved.
database update. Verify that stored flight plans contain correct waypoint locations.
TIMER EXPIRD – Timer has expired. The system notifies the pilot that the timer has expired.
DB CHANGE – Database changed. This occurs when a stored flight plan contains procedures that have been manually edited.
Verify user modified procedures.
This alert is issued only after an aviation database update. Verify that the user-modified
procedures in stored flight plans are correct and up to date.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Message
FPL WPT LOCK – Flight plan
waypoint is locked.
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
APPENDIX A
MISCELLANEOUS MESSAGE ADVISORIES (CONT.)
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Message
DB CHANGE – Database changed.
Verify stored airways.
FPL TRUNC – Flight plan has been
truncated.
EIS
LOCKED FPL – Cannot navigate
locked flight plan.
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
WPT ARRIVAL – Arriving at
waypoint -[xxxx]
STEEP TURN – Steep turn ahead.
INSIDE ARSPC – Inside airspace.
ARSPC AHEAD – Airspace ahead
less than 10 minutes.
ARSPC NEAR – Airspace near and
ahead.
ARSPC NEAR – Airspace near – less
than 2 nm.
APR INACTV – Approach is not
active.
SLCT FREQ – Select appropriate
frequency for approach.
SLCT NAV – Select NAV on CDI for
approach.
PTK FAIL – Parallel track unavailable:
bad geometry.
PTK FAIL – Parallel track unavailable:
invalid leg type.
PTK FAIL – Parallel track unavailable:
past IAF.
UNABLE V WPT – Can’t reach
current vertical waypoint.
VNV – Unavailable. Unsupported
leg type in flight plan.
INDEX
VNV – Unavailable. Excessive track
angle error.
470
Comments
This occurs when a stored flight plan contains an airway that is no longer consistent
with the aviation database. This alert is issued only after an aviation database update.
Verify use of airways in stored flight plans and reload airways as needed.
This occurs when a newly installed aviation database eliminates an obsolete approach
or arrival used by a stored flight plan. The obsolete procedure is removed from the
flight plan. Update flight plan with current arrival or approach.
This occurs when the pilot attempts to activate a stored flight plan that contains locked
waypoint. Remove locked waypoint from flight plan. Update flight plan with current
waypoint.
Arriving at waypoint [xxxx], where [xxxx] is the waypoint name.
A steep turn is 15 seconds ahead. Prepare to turn.
The aircraft is inside the airspace.
Special use airspace is ahead of aircraft. The aircraft will penetrate the airspace within
10 minutes.
Special use airspace is near and ahead of the aircraft position.
Special use airspace is within 2 nm of the aircraft position.
The system notifies the pilot that the loaded approach is not active. Activate approach
when required.
The system notifies the pilot to load the approach frequency for the appropriate NAV
receiver. Select the correct frequency for the approach.
The system notifies the pilot to set the CDI to the correct NAV receiver. Set the CDI to
the correct NAV receiver.
Bad parallel track geometry.
Invalid leg type for parallel offset.
IAF waypoint for parallel offset has been passed.
The current vertical waypoint can not be reached within the maximum flight path angle
and vertical speed constraints. The system automatically transitions to the next vertical
waypoint.
The lateral flight plan contains a procedure turn, vector, or other unsupported leg
type prior to the active vertical waypoint. This prevents vertical guidance to the active
vertical waypoint.
The current track angle error exceeds the limit, causing the vertical deviation to go
invalid.
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
190-00749-00 Rev. B
APPENDIX A
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
MISCELLANEOUS MESSAGE ADVISORIES (CONT.)
The current crosstrack exceeds the limit, causing vertical deviation to go invalid.
A parallel course has been selected, causing the vertical deviation to go invalid.
The selected waypoint [xxxx] does not use the WGS 84 datum. Cross-check position
with alternate navigation sources.
The G1000 is no longer receiving data from the traffic system. The traffic device should
be serviced.
EIS
Stormscope has failed. The G1000 system should be serviced.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
A data path connected to the GDU or the GIA 63/W has failed.
The GDU’s internal model cannot determine the exact magnetic variance for geographic
locations near the magnetic poles. Displayed magnetic course angles may differ from
the actual magnetic heading by more than 2°.
Message criteria entered by the user.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
SCHEDULER [#] – <message>.
Comments
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Message
VNV – Unavailable. Excessive
crosstrack error.
VNV – Unavailable. Parallel course
selected.
NO WGS84 WPT – Non WGS 84
waypoint for navigation -[xxxx]
TRAFFIC FAIL – Traffic device has
failed.
STRMSCP FAIL – Stormscope has
failed.
FAILED PATH – A data path has
failed.
MAG VAR WARN – Large magnetic
variance. Verify all course angles.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
190-00749-00 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
471
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
APPENDIX A
AFCS ALERTS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
System Status Field
Figure A-5 AFCS System Status Field
EIS
The following alert annunciations appear in the AFCS System Status field on the PFD.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Condition
Pitch Failure
Roll Failure
Roll axis control failure. AP is inoperative.
MET Switch Stuck,
or Pitch Trim Axis
Control Failure
If annunciated when AP is engaged, take control of the aircraft and disengage the
autopilot. If annunciated when AP is not engaged, move each half of the MET
switch separately to check if a stuck switch is causing the annunciation.
Yaw Damper Failure
YD control failure; AP also inoperative
System Failure
AP and MET are unavailable. FD may still be available.
Elevator Mistrim Up
A condition has developed causing the pitch servo to provide a sustained force. Be
prepared to apply nose up control wheel force upon autopilot disconnect.
A condition has developed causing the pitch servo to provide a sustained force. Be
prepared to apply nose down control wheel force upon autopilot disconnect.
A condition has developed causing the roll servo to provide a sustained left force.
Ensure the slip/skid indicator is centered and observe any maximum fuel imbalance
limits.
A condition has developed causing the roll servo to provide a sustained right force.
Ensure the slip/skid indicator is centered and observe any maximum fuel imbalance limits.
A condition has developed causing the yaw servo to provide a sustained force. Ensure
the slip/skid indicator is centered and observe any maximum fuel imbalance limits.
A condition has developed causing the yaw servo to provide a sustained force.
Ensure the slip/skid indicator is centered and observe any maximum fuel imbalance
limits.
Performing preflight system test. Upon completion of the test, the aural alert will be
heard.
Preflight system test has failed.
AFCS
Elevator Mistrim
Down
Aileron Mistrim Left
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Aileron Mistrim
Right
Rudder Mistrim Left
Rudder Mistrim
Right
Preflight Test
APPENDICES
Annunciation Description
Pitch axis control failure. AP is inoperative.
NOTE: Do not press the AP DISC switch during servo power-up and preflight system tests as this may cause
INDEX
the preflight system test to fail or never to start (if servos fail their power-up tests). Power must be cycled
to the servos to remedy the situation.
472
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
190-00749-00 Rev. B
APPENDIX A
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
TAWS ALERTS
Annunciations appear on the PFD and MFD. Pop-up alerts appear only on the MFD.
MFD Map Page
Pop-Up Alert
Aural Message
Excessive Descent Rate Warning (EDR)
“Pull Up”
“Obstacle, Obstacle; Pull Up, Pull Up”
or
“Obstacle Ahead, Pull Up; Obstacle Ahead, Pull Up”
or
“Obstacle Ahead, Pull Up; Obstacle Ahead, Pull Up”
or
“Obstacle, Obstacle; Pull Up, Pull Up”
or
“Caution, Terrain; Caution, Terrain”
or
“Terrain Ahead; Terrain Ahead”
or
“Terrain Ahead; Terrain Ahead”
or
“Caution, Terrain; Caution, Terrain”
Reduced Required Obstacle Clearance
Caution (ROC)
or
“Caution, Obstacle; Caution, Obstacle”
or
“Obstacle Ahead; Obstacle Ahead”
Imminent Obstacle Impact Caution
(IOI)
or
“Obstacle Ahead; Obstacle Ahead”
or
“Caution, Obstacle; Caution, Obstacle”
Imminent Obstacle Impact Warning
(IOI)
Reduced Required Terrain Clearance
Caution (RTC)
Imminent Terrain Impact Caution (ITI)
Premature Descent Alert Caution (PDA)
AFCS
or
Reduced Required Obstacle Clearance
Warning (ROC)
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Terrain Ahead, Pull Up; Terrain Ahead, Pull Up”
or
“Terrain, Terrain; Pull Up, Pull Up”
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
or
Imminent Terrain Impact Warning (ITI)
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
“Terrain, Terrain; Pull Up, Pull Up”
or
“Terrain Ahead, Pull Up; Terrain Ahead, Pull Up”
EIS
or
Reduced Required Terrain Clearance
Warning (RTC)
“Too Low, Terrain”
None
None
Excessive Descent Rate Caution (EDR)
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Altitude Callout “500”
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Alert Type
PFD/MFD
TAWS Page
Annunciation
“Five-Hundred”
“Sink Rate”
Negative Climb Rate Caution (NCR)
“Don’t Sink”
or
“Too Low, Terrain”
APPENDICES
or
INDEX
190-00749-00 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
473
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
APPENDIX A
TAWS SYSTEM STATUS ANNUNCIATIONS
PFD/MFD
TAWS Page
Annunciation
MFD
Pop-Up Alert
Aural Message
TAWS System Test Fail
None
“TAWS System Failure”
TAWS Alerting is disabled
None
None
No GPS position or excessively
degraded GPS signal
None
System Test in progress
None
“TAWS Not Available”
“TAWS Availble” will be heard when sufficient
GPS signal is re-established.
None
None
“TAWS System Test OK”
EIS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Alert Type
None
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
System Test pass
474
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
190-00749-00 Rev. B
APPENDIX B
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
SD CARD USE
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The G1000 System uses Secure Digital (SD) cards to load and store various types of data. For basic flight
operations, SD cards are required for database storage as well as Jeppesen aviation and ChartView database
updates.
JEPPESEN DATABASES
EIS
The Jeppesen aviation database is updated on a 28-day cycle. The ChartView database is updated on a 14day cycle. If the ChartView database is not updated within 70 days of the expiration date, ChartView will no
longer function.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Both these databases are provided directly from Jeppesen. The ChartView database should be copied to the
Garmin supplied Supplemental Data Card which will reside in the bottom card slot on the MFD. The aviation
database may be installed from the Jeppesen supplied SD data card or copied to one of the Garmin supplied
Supplemental Data Cards. Contact Jeppesen (www.jeppesen.com) for subscription and update information.
The aviation database may be programmed to only one of the Supplemental Data Cards. This card must then
be used to update the PFD and the MFD.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
NOTE: After the aviation database is installed, the card may be removed after loading the update to each
LRU.
Updating the Jeppesen aviation database:
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
1) With the G1000 System OFF, insert the SD card containing the aviation database update into the top card slot
of the PFD to be updated (Label of SD card facing left).
2) Turn the G1000 System ON. A prompt similar to the following is displayed in the upper left corner of the PFD:
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Figure B-1 Database Update Prompt
3) Press the ENT Key to start the database update. A prompt similar to the following is displayed:
APPENDICES
INDEX
Figure B-2 Database Update Confirmation
190-00749-00 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
475
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
APPENDIX B
4) After the update completes, the PFD starts in normal mode.
5) Turn the G1000 System OFF and remove the SD card.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
6) Repeat steps 1 through 4 for the other PFD and the MFD. The MFD and PFD databases are now updated.
Remove the SD card when finished.
7) Verify that the correct update cycle is loaded during startup of the MFD.
GARMIN DATABASES
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EIS
The following G1000 databases are stored on Supplemental Data Cards provided by Garmin:
• Expanded basemap
• Obstacle
• Terrain
• SafeTaxi
• Airport terrain
• FliteCharts
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
After subscribing to the desired database product, these database products will be downloaded to three
Supplemental Data Cards (with the exception of FliteCharts, which is loaded on only one card). Insert each
Supplemental Data Card into the correct location shown in Figure B-3. These cards must not be removed
except to update the databases stored on each card.
MFD
PFD2
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
PFD1
Figure B-3 Correct Database Locations
Since these databases are not stored internally in the MFD or PFD, a Supplemental Data Card containing
identical database versions must be kept in each display unit.
APPENDICES
The basemap database contains data for the topography and land features, such as rivers, lakes, and towns.
It is updated only periodically, with no set schedule. There is no expiration date.
INDEX
The terrain and airport terrain databases contain the terrain mapping and airport diagram data. They are
updated periodically and have no expiration date.
476
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
190-00749-00 Rev. B
APPENDIX B
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
The obstacle database contains data for obstacles, such as towers, that pose a potential hazard to aircraft.
Obstacles 200 feet and higher are included in the obstacle database. It is very important to note that not all
obstacles are necessarily charted and therefore may not be contained in the obstacle database. This database is
updated on a 56-day cycle.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
NOTE: The data contained in the terrain and obstacle databases comes from government agencies. Garmin
accurately processes and cross-validates the data, but cannot guarantee the accuracy and completeness of
the data.
EIS
The SafeTaxi database contains detailed airport diagrams for selected airports. These diagrams aid in following
ground control instructions by accurately displaying the aircraft position on the map in relation to taxiways,
ramps, runways, terminals, and services. This database is updated on a 56-day cycle.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
The FliteCharts database contains procedure charts for the United States only. This database is updated on a
28-day cycle. If not updated within 180 days of the expiration date, FliteCharts will no longer function.
UPDATING GARMIN DATABASES
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
The Garmin database updates can be obtained by following the instructions detailed in the ‘Aviation
Databases’ section of the Garmin website (www.garmin.com). Once the updated files have been downloaded
from the website, a PC equipped with an appropriate SD card reader is used to unpack and program the
new databases onto the existing Supplemental Data Cards. Equipment required to perform the update is as
follows:
• Windows-compatible PC computer (Windows 2000 or XP recommended)
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
• SanDisk SD Card Reader, P/Ns SDDR-93 or SDDR-99 or equivalent card reader
• Updated database obtained from the Garmin website
• Existing 010-00330-42 Supplemental Database SD Cards from both PFD and MFD
AFCS
In some cases it may be necessary to obtain an unlock code from Garmin in order to make the database
product functional. It may also be necessary to have the system configured by a Garmin authorized service
facility in order to use some database features.
After the data has been copied to the appropriate data cards, perform the following steps:
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
1) Insert one SD card in the bottom card slot of the MFD and one in the bottom card slot of each PFD. The SD card
containing the ChartView or FliteCharts database must be inserted into the bottom slot on the MFD.
APPENDICES
2) Apply power to the G1000 System. View the MFD power-up splash screen. Check that the databases are
initialized and displayed on the splash screen. When updating the terrain and FliteCharts databases, an ‘in
progress’ message may be seen. If this message is present, wait for the system to finish loading before verifying
the correct databases are initialized, then proceed to step 3.
INDEX
190-00749-00 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
477
EIS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
APPENDIX B
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Figure B-4 Database Information on the Splash Screen
3) Acknowledge the Power-up Page agreement by pressing the ENT Key or the right most softkey.
4) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the AUX Page group on the MFD.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
5) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the System Status Page.
6) Press the DBASE Softkey to place the cursor in the ‘DATABASE’ box.
7) Turn either FMS Knob to scroll through the database list and check that all databases are current and there are
no errors.
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
8) Power down the G1000.
478
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
190-00749-00 Rev. B
APPENDIX C
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
GLOSSARY
APPENDICES
INDEX
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
CRS
CRS
CRSR
CTA
CTRL
Cumulative
CVR
CVRG
CWS
CYL
AFCS
190-00749-00 Rev. B
CR
CRG
CRNT
Crosstrack Error
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
BFO
BKSP
Course to Steer
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
barometric altitude
barometric setting
battery
backcourse
The compass direction from the present
position to a destination waypoint.
beat frequency oscillator
backspace
CD
CDI
CDU
CF
CHT
CHKLIST
CHNL
CI
CLD
CLR
cm
CNS
CO
COM
CONFIG
COOL
COPLT
Course
bearing
center runway
degrees Celsius
Course to Altitude
calculator
Indicated airspeed corrected for installation
and instrument errors.
Course to DME distance
Course Deviation Indicator
Control Display Unit
Course to Fix
Cylinder Head Temperature
checklist
channel
Course to Intercept
cloud
clear
centimeter
Communication, Navigation, & Surveillance
carbon monoxide
communication radio
configuration
coolant
co-pilot
The line between two points to be followed
by the aircraft.
The recommended direction to steer in order
to reduce course error or stay on course.
Provides the most efficient heading to get
back to the desired course and proceed
along the flight plan.
Course to Radial
Cockpit Reference Guide
current
The distance the aircraft is off a desired
course in either direction, left or right.
course
Course to Steer
cursor
Control Area
control
The total of all legs in a flight plan.
Cockpit Voice Recorder
coverage
control wheel steering
cylinder
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
B ALT
BARO
BATT
BC
Bearing
BRG
C
ºC
CA
CALC
Calibrated Airspeed
EIS
accuracy
active, activate
air data computer
Automatic Direction Finder
Attitude Direction Indicator
Arc to fix
Automatic Flight Control System
Airplane Flight Manual
Airplane Flight Manual Supplement
airframe
Above Ground Level
Attitude and Heading Reference System
Airman’s Information Manual
Airman’s Meteorological Information
alert
altitude
alternator
amperes
annunciation
antenna
autopilot
autopilot disconnect
approach
airport, aerodrome
Aeronautical Radio Incorporated
airspace
Air Route Traffic Control Center
arrival
airspeed
Aviation Support Branch
Automated Surface Observing System
Air Traffic Control
ATC Radar Beacon System
Automatic Terminal Information Service
along-track
automatic sequence
auxiliary
Automated Weather Observing System
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
ACC
ACT, ACTV
ADC
ADF
ADI
AF
AFCS
AFM
AFMS
AFRM
AGL
AHRS
AIM
AIRMET
ALRT
ALT
ALT, ALTN
AMPS
ANNUNC
ANT
AP
AP DISC
APR
APT
ARINC
ARSPC
ARTCC
ARV
AS
ASB
ASOS
ATC
ATCRBS
ATIS
ATK
AUTOSEQ
AUX
AWOS
479
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
APPENDIX C
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
D ALT
DB, DBASE
dBZ
DCLTR, DECLTR
DEC FUEL
deg
DEIC, DEICE
DEP
Desired Track
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EIS
DEST
DF
DFLT
DGRD
DH
Dilution of Precision
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
DIR
DIS
Distance
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
DME
DOP
DP
DPRT
DR
DSBL
DTK
AFCS
E
ECU
Efficiency
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
EGT
EIS
ELEV
ELEV
EMERGCY
EMI
ENDUR
Endurance
INDEX
ENG
ENGD
ENR
480
density altitude
database
decibels ‘Z’ (radar return)
declutter
decrease fuel
degree
de-icing
departure
The desired course between the active
“from” and “to” waypoints.
destination
Direct to Fix
default
degrade
decision height
A measure of GPS satellite geometry quality
on a scale of one to ten (lower numbers
equal better geometry, where higher
numbers equal poorer geometry).
direction
distance
The ‘great circle’ distance from the present
position to a destination waypoint.
Distance Measuring Equipment
Dilution of Precision
Departure Procedure
departure
dead reckoning
disabled
Desired Track
empty, east
Engine Control Unit
A measure of fuel consumption, expressed in
distance per unit of fuel.
Exhaust Gas Temperature
Engine Indication System
elevation
elevator
emergency
Electromagnetic Interference
endurance
Flight endurance, or total possible flight time
based on available fuel on board.
engine
engaged
enroute
Enroute Safe Altitude
The recommended minimum altitude within
ten miles left or right of the desired course
on an active flight plan or direct-to.
ENT
enter
EPE
Estimated Position Error
EPU
Estimated Position Uncertainty
ERR
error
ESA
Enroute Safe Altitude
Estimated Position Error A measure of horizontal GPS position error
derived by satellite geometry conditions and
other factors.
Estimated Time of Arrival The estimated time at which the aircraft
should reach the destination waypoint, based
upon current speed and track.
Estimated Time Enroute The estimated time it takes to reach the
destination waypoint from the present
position, based upon current ground speed.
ETA
Estimated Time of Arrival
ETE
Estimated Time Enroute
EXPIRD
expired
ºF
FA
FAA
FADEC
FAF
FAIL
FC
FCC
FCST
FD
FD
FDE
FFLOW
FIS-B
FISDL
FL
FLC
FM
FMS
FOB
FPL
fpm
FREQ
FRZ
FSS
ft
Fuel Flow
degrees Fahrenheit
Course From Fix to Altitude
Federal Aviation Administration
Full Authority Digital Engine Control
Final Approach Fix
failure
Course From Fix to Distance
Federal Communication Commission
forecast
Course From Fix to DME Distance
flight director
Fault Detection and Exclusion
fuel flow
Flight Information Services-Broadcast
Flight Information Service Data Link
flight level
Flight Level Change
Course From Fix to Manual Termination
Flight Management System
Fuel On Board
flight plan
feet per minute
frequency
freezing
Flight Service Station
foot/feet
The fuel flow rate, expressed in units of fuel
per hour.
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
190-00749-00 Rev. B
APPENDIX C
left, left runway
latitude
label
pound
Liquid Crystal Display
local
Light Emitting Diode
The amount of fuel remaining on board after
the completion of one or more legs of a
flight plan or direct-to.
INDEX
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
APPENDICES
190-00749-00 Rev. B
L
LAT
LBL
lb
LCD
LCL
LED
Left Over Fuel On Board
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Hold Terminating at Altitude
heading
The direction an aircraft is pointed, based
upon indications from a magnetic compass
or a properly set directional gyro.
HF
Hold Terminating at Fix
HFOM
Horizontal Figure of Merit
Hg
mercury
HI
high
HI SENS
High Sensitivity
HM
Hold with Manual Termination
Horizontal Figure of Merit A measure of the uncertainty in the aircraft’s
horizontal position.
hPa
hectopascal
HPL
Horizontal Protection Level
hr
hour
key stuck
kilogram
kilohertz
kilometer
knot
AFCS
HA
HDG
Heading
KEYSTK
kg
kHz
km
kt
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Ground Track
GRS
GS
GTX
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Groundspeed
INFO
in HG
INT
INTEG
IrDA, IRDA
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
glideslope
go-around
gallon(s)
gearbox
Garmin Air Data Computer
Garmin Satellite Data Link
Garmin Display Unit
Garmin Engine/Airframe Unit
geographic
Garmin Flight Control
Garmin Integrated Avionics Unit
Global Navigation Satellite Landing System
Garmin Audio Panel System
Greenwich Mean Time
Garmin Magnetometer Unit
ground
gallons per hour
Global Positioning System
Grid Minimum Off-Route Altitude; one
degree latitude by one degree longitude
in size and clears the highest elevation
reference point in the grid by 1000 feet for
all areas of the grid
The velocity that the aircraft is travelling
relative to a ground position.
see Track
Garmin Reference System
Ground speed
Garmin Transponder
High-Speed Data Bus
Horizontal Situation Indicator
heat
Horizontal Uncertainty Level
Hertz
Inner Marker
Initial Approach Fix
Indicated Air Temperature
Integrated Avionics Unit
International Civil Aviation Organization
Intercom System
Identification/Morse Code Identifier
identification
Initial Fix
Instrument Flight Rules
Imperial gallon
Instrument Landing System
Instrument Meteorological Conditions
inch
inactive
increase fuel
indicated
Information provided by properly calibrated
and set instrumentation on the aircraft panel.
information
inches of mercury
intersection(s)
integrity (RAIM unavailable)
Infrared Data Association
EIS
G/S, GS
GA
gal, gl
GBOX
GDC
GDL
GDU
GEA
GEO
GFC
GIA
GLS
GMA
GMT
GMU
GND
gph
GPS
Grid MORA
HSDB
HSI
HT
HUL
Hz
I
IAF
IAT
IAU
ICAO
ICS
ID
IDENT, IDNT
IF
IFR
IG
ILS
IMC
in
INACTV
INC FUEL
IND
Indicated
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The total amount of usable fuel on board the
aircraft.
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Fuel On Board
481
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
APPENDIX C
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Left Over Fuel Reserve
Leg
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EIS
LIFR
LNAV
LO
LOC
LOI
LON
LPV
LRU
LT
LTNG
LVL
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
M
m
MAG
MAG VAR
MAHP
MAN IN
MAN SQ
MAP
MASQ
MAX
MAXSPD
MDA
MET
METAR
MEPT
MFD
MGRS
MHz
MIC
MIN
Minimum Safe Altitude
INDEX
MKR
MOA
MOV
mpm
MSA
MSG
MSL
482
The amount of flight time remaining, based
on the amount of fuel on board after the
completion of one or more legs of a flight
plan or direct-to, and a known consumption
rate.
The portion of a flight plan between two
waypoints.
Low Instrument Flight Rules
Lateral Navigation
low
localizer
loss of integrity (GPS)
longitude
Localizer Performance with Vertical guidance
Line Replacement Unit
left
lightning
level
MT
mV
MVFR
meter
millivolt(s)
Marginal Visual Flight Rules
N
NAV
NAVAID
NDB
NEXRAD
nm
NPT
NRST
north
navigation
NAVigation AID
Non-directional Beacon
Next Generation Radar
nautical mile(s)
O
OAT
OBS
OFST
OXY
Outer Marker
Outside Air Temperature
Omni Bearing Selector
offset
oxygen
Middle Marker
meter
Magnetic
Magnetic Variation
Missed Approach Hold Point
manifold pressure (inches Hg)
Manual Squelch
Missed Approach Point
Master Avionics Squelch
maximum
maximum speed (overspeed)
barometric minimum descent altitude
manual electric trim
Meteorological Aviation Routine
manual electric pitch trim
Multi Function Display
Military Grid Reference System
megahertz
microphone
minimum
Uses Grid MORAs to determine a safe
altitude within ten miles of the aircraft
present position.
marker beacon
Military Operations Area
movement
meters per minute
Minimum Safe Altitude
message
Mean Sea Level
P ALT
PA
PA
PASS
PC
PFD
PI
PIT, PTCH
POSN
PPM
P. POS
PRES, PRESS
PROC
psi
PT
PTK
PTT
PWR
pressure altitude
Passenger Address
Proximity Advisory
passenger(s)
personal computer
Primary Flight Display
Procedure Turn to Course Intercept
pitch
position
parts per million
Present Position
pressure
procedure(s), procedure turn
pounds per square inch
Procedure Turn
parallel track
Push-to-Talk
power
QTY
quantity
R
RAD
RAIM
RAM
REF
REM
REQ
RES
REV
right, right runway
radial
Receiver Autonomous Integrity Monitoring
random access memory
reference
remaining (fuel remaining above Reserve)
required
reserve (fuel reserve entered by pilot)
reverse, revision, revise
nearest
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
190-00749-00 Rev. B
APPENDIX C
Vertical Speed Required
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
INDEX
velocity (airspeed)
Heading Vector to Altitude
VOR approach
variation
Heading Vector to DME Distance
volts, direct current
vertical
A measure of the uncertainty in the aircraft’s
vertical position.
The vertical speed necessary to descend/
climb from a current position and altitude to
a defined target position and altitude, based
upon current groundspeed.
APPENDICES
V, Vspeed
VA
VAPP
VAR
VD
Vdc
VERT
Vertical Figure of Merit
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
unavailable
user
Coordinated Universal Time
Universal Transverse Mercator / Universal
Polar Stereographic Grid
AFCS
190-00749-00 Rev. B
UNAVAIL
USR
UTC
UTM/UPS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
true
Traffic Advisory
Tactical Air Navigation System
Terminal Aerodrome Forecast
TRG
TRK
TRSA
TRUNC
TTL
TURN
TX
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
T
TA
TACAN
TAF
Track Angle Error
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
south
Selective Availability
Static Air Temperature
Satellite-Based Augmentation System
Storm Cell Identification and Tracking
Secure Digital
second(s)
select
surface
Standard Instrument Approach Procedures
Standard Instrument Departure
Significant Meteorological Information
simulator
slip/skid
symbol
speed
Special Position Identification
speaker
squelch
service
stall
Standard Terminal Arrival Route
statistics
standby
standard
Stormscope
Special Use Airspace
suspend
software
system
True Airspeed
Traffic Advisory System, true airspeed
Total Air Temperature
Terrain Awareness and Warning System
Terminal Control Area
Traffic Collision Avoidance System
telephone
temperature
terminal
Track Between Two Fixes
Temporary Flight Restriction
True Heading
Traffic Information System
Turbine Inlet Temperature
Track Angle Error
Terminal Maneuvering Area
Timer/Reference
topographic
Direction of aircraft movement relative to a
ground position; also ‘Ground Track’
The angle difference between the desired
track and the current track.
target
track
Terminal Radar Service Area
truncated
total
procedure turn
transmit
EIS
S
SA
SAT
SBAS
SCIT
SD
sec
SEL, SLCT
SFC
SIAP
SID
SIGMET
Sim
SLP/SKD
SMBL
SPD
SPI
SPKR
SQ
SRVC, SVC
STAL
STAR
STATS
STBY
STD
STRMSCP
SUA
SUSP
SW
SYS
TAS
TAS
TAT
TAWS
TCA
TCAS
TEL
TEMP
TERM
TF
TFR
T HDG
TIS
TIT
TKE
TMA
TMR/REF
Topo
Track
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Constant Radius Turn to Fix
Radio Magnetic Indicator
remote
range
runway
roll
read only memory
revolutions per minute
reset fuel
reserve (fuel reserve entered by pilot)
right
reversionary
receive
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
RF
RMI
RMT
RNG
RNWY
ROL
ROM
rpm
RST FUEL
RSV
RT
RVRSNRY
RX
483
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
APPENDIX C
VPL
VPROF
VPTH
VR
VS
VSI
VSR
VTF
Vertical Figure of Merit
Visual Flight Rules
Very High Frequency
Heading Vector to Intercept
VOR/Localizer Receiver
Heading Vector to Manual Termination
Visual Meteorological Conditions
vertical navigation
volume
VHF Omni-directional Range
very high frequency omnidirectional range
station and tactical air navigation
Vertical Protection Level
VNV profile, vertical profile
VNV path, vertical path
Heading Vector to Radial
vertical speed
Vertical Speed Indicator
Vertical Speed Required
vector to final
W
WAAS
WARN
WGS-84
WPT
WW
WX
watt(s), west
Wide Area Augmentation System
warning (GPS position error)
World Geodetic System - 1984
waypoint(s)
world wide
weather
XFER, XFR
XPDR
XTALK
XTK
transfer
transponder
cross-talk
cross-track
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EIS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
VFOM
VFR
VHF
VI
VLOC
VM
VMC
VNAV, VNV
VOL
VOR
VORTAC
484
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
190-00749-00 Rev. B
APPENDIX D
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
If a particular aspect of G1000 operational capability is not addressed by these commonly asked questions or in
the index, contact Garmin (see the copyright page or back cover for contact information) or a Garmin-authorized
dealer. Garmin is dedicated to supporting its products and customers.
WHAT IS WAAS?
EIS
The Wide Area Augmentation System (WAAS) uses a system of ground stations to correct any GPS signal
errors. These ground stations correct for errors caused by ionospheric disturbances, timing, and satellite
orbit errors. It also provides vital integrity information regarding the health of each GPS satellite. The signal
correction is then broadcast through one of two geostationary satellites. This correction information can then
be received by any WAAS-enabled GPS receiver.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
WAAS is designed to provide the additional accuracy, availability, and integrity necessary to enable users to
rely on GPS for all phases of flight. WAAS is currently available in the United States, including Alaska and
Hawaii.
HOW DOES WAAS AFFECT APPROACH OPERATIONS?
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Both LNAV/VNAV and LPV approaches use the accuracy of WAAS to include vertical (glide path) guidance
capability. The additional accuracy and vertical guidance capability allows improved instrument approaches to
an expanded number of airports throughout the U.S.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
The implementation of LPV approaches further improves precision approach capabilities. LPV approaches
are designed to make full use of the improved GPS signal from the WAAS. This approach combines the LNAV/
VNAV vertical accuracy with lateral guidance similar to the typical Instrument Landing System (ILS). LPV
approaches allow lower approach minimums.
WHAT IS RAIM AND HOW DOES IT AFFECT APPROACH OPERATIONS?
AFCS
RAIM is an acronym for Receiver Autonomous Integrity Monitoring. RAIM is a GPS receiver function that
performs the following functions:
• Monitors and verifies integrity and geometry of tracked GPS satellites
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
• Notifies the pilot when satellite conditions do not provide the necessary coverage to support a certain phase
of flight
• Predicts satellite coverage of a destination area to determine whether the number of available satellites is
sufficient to satisfy requirements
APPENDICES
NOTE: If RAIM is not predicted to be available for the final approach course, the approach does not become
active, as indicated by the “RAIM not available from FAF to MAP” message and the LOI annunciation
flagging on the HSI.
INDEX
190-00749-00 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
485
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
APPENDIX D
For RAIM to work correctly, the GPS receiver must track at least five satellites. A minimum of six satellites is
required to allow RAIM to eliminate a single corrupt satellite from the navigation solution.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
RAIM ensures that satellite geometry allows for a navigation solution calculation within a specified protection
limit (2.0 nm for oceanic and en route, 1.0 nm for terminal, and 0.3 nm for non-precision approaches). The
G1000 System monitors RAIM and issues an alert message when RAIM is not available (see Appendix A).
Without RAIM, GPS position accuracy cannot be monitored. If RAIM is not available when crossing the FAF,
the pilot must fly the missed approach procedure.
WHY ARE THERE NOT ANY APPROACHES AVAILABLE FOR A FLIGHT PLAN?
EIS
Approaches are available for the final destination airport in a flight plan or as a direct-to (keep in mind
that some VOR/VORTAC identifiers are similar to airport identifiers). If a destination airport does not have a
published approach, the G1000 indicates “NONE” for the available procedures.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
WHAT HAPPENS WHEN AN APPROACH IS SELECTED? CAN A FLIGHT PLAN WITH AN APPROACH, A DEPARTURE, OR AN
ARRIVAL BE STORED?
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
When an approach, departure, or arrival is loaded into the active flight plan, a set of approach, departure,
or arrival waypoints is inserted into the flight plan, along with a header line showing the title of the selected
instrument procedure. The original en route portion of the flight plan remains active, unless the instrument
procedure is activated. This may be done either when the procedure is loaded or at a later time.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Flight plans can also be stored with an approach, a departure, or an arrival. Note that the active flight plan
is erased when the system is turned off. Also, the active flight plan is overwritten when another flight plan is
activated. When storing flight plans with an approach, a departure, or an arrival, the G1000 uses the waypoint
information from the current database to define the waypoints. If the database is changed or updated, the
G1000 System automatically updates the information, provided the procedure has not been modified. Should
an approach, departure, or arrival procedure no longer be available, the flight plan becomes locked until the
procedure is deleted from the flight plan.
AFCS
CAN “SLANT GOLF” (“/G”) BE FILED USING THE G1000?
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
“/G” may be filed for a flight plan. The G1000 System meets the requirements of TSO-C145a Class 3 and
ETSO C145 Class 3 installations. GPS approaches are not to be flown with an expired database. See the
approved Pilot’s Operating Handbook (POH) as well as the Aeronautical Information Manual (AIM) for more
information.
WHAT DOES THE OBS SOFTKEY DO?
INDEX
APPENDICES
The OBS Softkey is used to select manual sequencing of waypoints. Activating OBS mode sets the current
active-to waypoint as the primary navigation reference and prevents the system from sequencing to the next
waypoint in a flight plan. When OBS mode is cancelled, automatic waypoint sequencing is continued, and
the G1000 automatically activates the next waypoint in the flight plan once the aircraft has crossed the present
active waypoint.
486
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
190-00749-00 Rev. B
APPENDIX D
• Manual course change on HSI not possible
• Manually select course to waypoint from
HSI
• Always navigates ‘TO’ the active waypoint
• Indicates ‘TO’ or ‘FROM’ waypoint
• Must be in this mode for final approach
course
• Cannot be set for final approach course or
published holding patterns
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
OBS
• Manual sequencing - ‘holds’ on selected
waypoint
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Normal (OBS not activated)
• Automatic sequencing of waypoints
EIS
When OBS mode is active, the G1000 allows the pilot to set a desired course to/from a waypoint using the
CRS/BARO Knob and HSI (much like a VOR).
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
The most common application for using the OBS Softkey is the missed approach. The G1000 suspends
automatic waypoint sequencing (indicated by a ‘SUSP’ annunciation placed on the HSI) when the missed
approach point (MAP) is crossed. This prevents the G1000 from automatically sequencing to the missed
approach holding point (MAHP). During this time, the OBS Softkey designation changes to SUSP. Pressing
the SUSP Softkey reactivates automatic waypoint sequencing. The OBS Softkey then resumes its normal
functionality.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
WHY DOES THE G1000 NOT AUTOMATICALLY SEQUENCE TO THE NEXT WAYPOINT?
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
The G1000 only sequences flight plan waypoints when automatic sequencing is enabled (i.e., no “OBS” or
‘SUSP’ annunciation). For automatic sequencing to occur, the aircraft must also cross the “bisector” of the turn
being navigated. The bisector is a line passing through the waypoint common to two flight plan legs at an
equal angle from each leg.
HOW CAN A WAYPOINT BE SKIPPED IN AN APPROACH, A DEPARTURE, OR AN ARRIVAL?
AFCS
The G1000 allows the pilot to manually select any approach, departure, or arrival leg as the active leg of
the flight plan. This procedure is performed on the MFD from the Active Flight Plan Page by highlighting the
desired waypoint and selecting the ACT LEG Softkey then the ENT Key to approve the selection. The GPS
then provides navigation along the selected flight plan leg.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
WHEN DOES TURN ANTICIPATION BEGIN?
The G1000 smooths adjacent leg transitions based on a normal 15° bank angle (with the ability to roll up to
30°) and provides three pilot cues for turn anticipation:
APPENDICES
• A waypoint alert (‘Next DTK ###° in # seconds’ or ‘Next HDG ###° in # seconds’) appears on the PFD 10
seconds before the turn point and flashes as it counts down to zero.
• A flashing turn advisory (‘Turn [right/left] to ###° in # seconds’) appears on the PFD 10 seconds before the
turn and flashes as it counts down to zero. ‘Turn [right/left] to ###° now’ or ‘Next [DTK/HDG] to ###° now’
is displayed when the pilot is to begin the turn and the HSI (GPS mode) automatically sequences to the next
DTK or HDG value.
INDEX
• The To/From indicator on the HSI flips momentarily to indicate that the midpoint of the turn has been
crossed.
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487
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
APPENDIX D
WHEN DOES THE CDI SCALE CHANGE?
• When set to ‘Auto’ (default), the GPS CDI scale automatically adjusts to the desired limits based upon the
current phase of flight.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
• When a departure procedure is activated, the CDI is scaled for departure (0.3 nm).
• The system switches from departure to terminal CDI scaling (1.0 nm) under the following conditions:
- The next leg in the departure procedure is not aligned with the departure runway
EIS
- The next leg in the departure procedure is not a CA, CD, CF, CI, CR, DF, FA, FC, FD, FM, IF, or TF leg
(see Glossary for leg type definitions)
- After any leg in the departure procedure that is not a CA or FA leg
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
• At 30 nm from the departure airport the enroute phase of flight is automatically entered and CDI scaling
changes to 2.0 nm over a distance of 1.0 nm, except under the following conditions:
- When navigating with an active departure procedure, the flight phase and CDI scale will not change until
the aircraft arrives at the last departure waypoint (if more than 30 nm from the departure airport) or the leg
after the last departure waypoint has been activated or a direct-to waypoint is activated.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
• If after completing the departure procedure the nearest airport is more than 200 nm away from the aircraft
and the approach procedure has not yet commenced, the CDI is scaled for oceanic flight (2.0 nm).
• Within 31 nm of the destination airport (terminal area), the CDI scale gradually ramps down from 2.0 nm
to 1.0 nm over a distance of 1.0 nm, except under the following conditions:
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
- When navigating with an active arrival route, the flight phase and CDI scale will not change until the
aircraft arrives at the first waypoint in the arrive route (if within 31 nm from the destination airport).
• During approach, the CDI scale ramps down even further. This transition normally occurs within 2.0 nm
of the Final Approach Fix (FAF). The CDI switches to approach scaling automatically once the approach
procedure becomes active or if Vectors-To-Final (VTF) are selected.
AFCS
- If the active waypoint is the FAF, the ground track and the bearing to the FAF must be within 45° of the
final approach segment course.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
- If the active waypoint is part of the missed approach procedure, the active leg and the preceding missed
approach legs must be aligned within 3° of the final approach segment course and the aircraft position
must be prior to the turn initiation point.
• When a missed approach is activated, the CDI scale changes to 0.3 nm.
• The system automatically switches back to terminal mode under the following conditions:
APPENDICES
- If the next leg in the missed approach procedure is not aligned with the final approach path
- If the next leg in the missed approach procedure is not a CA, CD, CF, CI, CR, DF, FA, FC, FD, FM, IF, or TF leg
INDEX
- After any leg in the missed approach procedure that is not a CA or FA leg
488
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
190-00749-00 Rev. B
APPENDIX D
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
WHY DOES THE HSI NOT RESPOND LIKE A VOR WHEN OBS MODE IS ACTIVE?
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Unlike a VOR, the CDI scale used on GPS equipment is based on the crosstrack distance to the desired
course, not on the angular relationship to the destination. Therefore, the CDI deflection on the GPS is constant
regardless of the distance to the destination and does not become less sensitive when further away from the
destination.
WHAT IS THE CORRECT MISSED APPROACH PROCEDURE? HOW IS THE MISSED APPROACH HOLDING POINT SELECTED?
EIS
To comply with TSO specifications, the G1000 does not automatically sequence past the MAP. The first
waypoint in the missed approach procedure becomes the active waypoint when the SUSP Softkey is selected
after crossing the MAP. All published missed approach procedures must be followed, as indicated on the
approach plate.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
To execute the missed approach procedure prior to the MAP (not recommended), select the Active Flight Plan
Page and use the ACT LEG Softkey to activate the missed approach portion of the procedure.
AFTER A MISSED APPROACH, HOW CAN THE SAME APPROACH BE RE-SELECTED? HOW CAN A NEW APPROACH BE
ACTIVATED?
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
NOTE: Do not attempt to reactivate the current approach prior to crossing the missed approach point
(MAP). If an attempt to do so is made, an alert message “Are you sure you want to discontinue the current
approach?” appears. The G1000 directs the pilot back to the transition waypoint and does not take into
consideration any missed approach procedures, if the current approach is reactivated.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
After flying the missed approach procedure, the pilot may reactivate the same approach for another attempt by
pressing the PROC Key. Once the clearance is given for another attempt, activate the approach by highlighting
‘ACTIVATE APPROACH’ using the large FMS Knob and pressing the ENT Key. The G1000 provides navigation
along the desired course to the waypoint and rejoins the approach in sequence from that point.
AFCS
To activate a new approach for the same airport, select the new procedure by pressing the PROC Key. Choose
‘SELECT APPROACH’, select the desired approach from the list shown, and press the ENT Key. Select the
desired transition, then activate the approach using the ENT Key.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
To activate a new approach to a different airport, press the Direct-to Key and select the desired airport using
the FMS Knobs. Press the ENT Key to accept the selected airport, then follow the steps in the preceding
paragraph to select an approach for the new airport.
APPENDICES
INDEX
190-00749-00 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
489
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EIS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
APPENDIX D
BLANK PAGE
490
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
190-00749-00 Rev. B
APPENDIX E
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
DISPLAY SYMBOLS
AIRPORT
LINE SYMBOLS
Symbol
Unknown Airport
Item
ICAO Control Area
Class B Airspace
Symbol
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Item
Mode C Tower Area
Non-towered, Non-serviced Airport
Non-towered, Serviced Airport
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Towered, Serviced Airport
EIS
Warning Area Prohibited Area
Alert Area
Restricted Area
Caution Area Training Area
Danger Area
Unknown Area
Class C
Terminal Radar Service Area
Mode C Area
Towered, Non-serviced Airport
Military Operations Area (MOA)
Restricted (Private) Airport
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
State or Province Border
Heliport
International Border
NAVAIDS
Road
Symbol
Intersection
LOM (compass locator at outer marker)
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Item
Railroad
Latitude/Longitude
AFCS
NDB (non-directional radio beacon)
VOR
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
VOR/DME
VOR/ILS
VORTAC
APPENDICES
TACAN
INDEX
190-00749-00 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
491
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
APPENDIX E
MISCELLANEOUS
STORMSCOPE LIGHTNING STRIKES
Item
Symbol
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
ARTCC Frequency or FSS Frequency
Item
Symbol
Lightning Strike (0-6 sec ago)
Lightning Strike (6-20 sec ago)
Default Map Pointer
Lightning Strike (20-60 sec ago)
Elevation Pointer
EIS
Lightning Strike (60-120 sec ago)
TRAFFIC
Wind Vector
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Item
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Measuring Pointer
Symbol
Non-threat Traffic (hollow diamond)
Overzoom Indicator
Proximity Advisory
Terrain Proximity or TAWS Enabled
Traffic Advisory, Out of Range
Traffic Enabled
Traffic Advisory
User Waypoint
AFCS
Vertical Navigation Along Track Waypoint
Parallel Track Waypoint
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Unanchored Flight Path Waypoint
Top of Descent (TOD)
APPENDICES
Bottom of Descent (BOD)
INDEX
Navigating using Dead Reckoning
492
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
190-00749-00 Rev. B
APPENDIX E
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
TERRAIN AVOIDANCE COLORS AND SYMBOLS
Terrain Above Aircraft Altitude
100 ft Threshold
1000 ft
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Red terrain is above
or within 100 ft below
the aircraft altitude
Aircraft Altitude
EIS
Terrain Color
Terrain Location
Yellow terrain is between 100 ft and 1000 ft below the aircraft altitude
Red (WARNING) Terrain
above, or within 100 ft below the aircraft altitude
Yellow (CAUTION) Terrain between 100 ft and 1000 ft below the aircraft altitude
Black
Black
terrain
is more
ft below
the aircraft
altitude
Terrain
more
than
1000thanft 1000
below
the aircraft
altitude
Figure E-1 Terrain Proximity Color Chart
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Potential Impact Point
Projected Flight Path
100' Threshold
Unlighted Obstacle
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
1000'
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Terrain Color
Terrain Location
Red (WARNING) Terrain above, or within 100 ft below the aircraft altitude
Yellow (CAUTION) Terrain between 100 ft and 1000 ft below the aircraft altitude
Black
Terrain more than 1000 ft below the aircraft altitude
Figure E-2 TAWS Color Chart
AFCS
Figure E-3 TAWS Potential Impact Points
Obstacle Symbol
Obstacle Location
Red
(WARNING)
Obstacle within 100 ft of
or above aircraft altitude
Yellow
(CAUTION)
Obstacle within 1000 ft of
aircraft altitude
Gray
Obstacle more than 1000
ft below aircraft altitude
APPENDICES
Obstacle
Color
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Unlighted Obstacle
Lighted Obstacle
Height < 1000 ft AGL > 1000 ft AGL < 1000 ft AGL > 1000 ft AGL
190-00749-00 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
INDEX
Obstacle Symbols and Colors
493
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
APPENDIX E
HAZARD AVOIDANCE FEATURES
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
This table identifies the symbols displayed in the lower right corner of PFD or MFD maps to indicate which
hazard avoidance features are activated for display.
Feature
Symbol
Terrain Proximity/TAWS display enabled
Traffic display enabled
EIS
Stormscope display enabled
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
NEXRAD display enabled
Cloud Top display enabled
Echo Top display enabled
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
XM Lightning display enabled
Cell Movement display enabled
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
SIGMETs/AIRMETs display enabled
METARs display enabled
City Forecast display enabled
AFCS
Surface Analysis display enabled
Freezing Levels display enabled
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Winds Aloft display enabled
County Warnings display enabled
APPENDICES
Cyclone Warnings display enabled
INDEX
Loss of hazard avoidance feature
(a white X is shown over the symbol
to indicate not available; e.g., traffic
symbol)
494
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
190-00749-00 Rev. B
INDEX
360 HSI ------------------------------------------------------- 58
A
EIS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
B
Backcourse Mode ------------------------------------------376
Backlighting ---------------------------------------------45, 46
Barometric setting, Altimeter---------------------48, 54–55
Bearing/distance, measuring -----------------------------144
Bearing information -------------------------------49, 61–62
Bearing Information windows ---------------------------- 61
Bearing line ------------------------------------------ 308, 312
Bearing source ---------------------------------------------- 62
Bus voltage -------------------------------------------------- 87
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
C
APPENDICES
Calibrated Airspeed----------------------------------------234
CAUTION ----------------------------------------------------455
CDI --------------------------- 228, 241, 252, 259, 266, 470
CELL MOV Softkey -----------------------------------------287
ChartView -------------------------------------------- 401, 422
Chartview ---------------------------------------------------395
ChartView database -------------------------- 420, 422, 423
ChartView functions ---------------------------------------401
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
INDEX
190-00749-00 Rev. B
Missed ----------------------------------------------------391
Removing-------------------------------------------------232
WAAS -----------------------------------------------------390
Approach box ----------------------------------------------427
Approach Mode ------------------------------- 374, 389, 390
APR softkey ------------------------------------------ 231, 237
Arrival procedure187, 198, 226, 227, 228, 229, 231, 250,
252, 260
Attitude--------------------------------------------------------- 1
Attitude & Heading Reference System------------------456
Attitude Indicator ----------------------------- 48, 52, 52–53
Audio panel controls
SPKR ------------------------------------------------------124
Audio panel fail-safe operation--------------------------132
Auto-tuning -------------------------------------------------114
Auto-tuning, COM -----------------------------------------101
Auto-tuning, NAV ------------------------------------------110
Automatic Flight Control System (AFCS) -------- 347–394
Alerts ------------------------------------------------------472
Alerts and annunciations ----------------------- 393–394
Controls ------------------------------------------- 348–349
Status Annunciations -----------------------------------393
Status Box ------------------------------------------------351
Automatic squelch -----------------------------------------106
Autopilot -------------------------------- 347, 377–379, 472
Autopilot Disconnect ------------------------- 349, 368, 379
Auto Zoom --------------------------------------------------139
Auxiliary Pages (AUX) -------------------------------------- 34
AUX - System Status Page ------------------------- 399, 400
AUX - system status page -------------422, 423, 441, 442
Aviation Symbols------------------------------------ 150, 187
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Activate a Flight Plan--------------------------------------203
Active channel ----------------------------------------------446
Active frequency -------------------------------------- 98, 107
ADF audio ---------------------------------------------------108
AFCS Status Annunciation --------------------------------- 49
AFCS Status Box -------------------------------------- 48, 351
AHRS ---------------------------- 16, 18, 459, 467, 468, 469
Airport
Information ----------------------------------------------167
Nearest ---------------------------------------------------- 41
Airspace Alerts ---------------------------------------------181
Airspace alerts----------------------------------------------180
Airspeed Indicator ---------------------------------48, 50–51
Airspeed Reference --------------------------------- 359–360
Airspeed Trend Vector -------------------------------------- 50
Airways
Collapsed -------------------------------------------------216
Expanded -------------------------------------------------216
Air Data Computer --------------------------1, 18, 456, 459
Alerts --------------------------------------------------------453
Airspace --------------------------------------------------- 39
Arrival ------------------------------------------------------ 40
Audio voice ----------------------------------------------- 40
Alerts Window----------------------------------------------- 74
Alert levels --------------------------------------------------455
Alert messages ---------------------------------------------469
Along Track Offset ---------------------------------- 207, 208
ALT -----------------------------------------------------------264
Altimeter --------------------------------------------48, 53–54
Altitude alerting --------------------------------------------- 78
Altitude buffer ----------------------------------------------- 39
Altitude constraints ----------------------------------------219
Altitude Hold Mode ---------------------------------------357
Altitude Reference ---------------------------- 356, 357, 365
Altitude Trend Vector --------------------------------------- 54
Ammeter ----------------------------------------------------- 87
Annunciations
Test tone--------------------------------------------------- 42
Annunciations, G1000 System ---------------------- 18, 459
Annunciations, softkey ------------------------------------- 74
Annunciation Window ------------------------------------- 74
Antenna stabilization -------------------------------------313
Antenna tilt -------------------------------------------------310
AP ------------------------------------------------------------472
Approach ----------------------------------------------------486
Activating ------------------------------------------------231
ILS ---------------------------------------------------------389
Loading -------------------------------------- 200, 229, 231
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
SYMBOLS
I-1
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
INDEX
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EIS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
ChartView plan view --------------------------------------413
ChartView profile view ------------------------------------414
ChartView softkeys ----------------------------------------401
ChartView subscription -----------------------------------422
Chart Not Available--------------------------------- 402, 425
Chart options ---------------------------------------- 412, 433
Chart setup box ------------------------------------- 418, 437
CLD TOP Softkey -------------------------------------------285
Closest Point ------------------------------------------------216
Command Bars ---------------------------------------------353
Communication (COM) Frequency Window ------------ 48
Comparator Window -----------------------------------49, 75
COM channel spacing -------------------------------------105
COM frequency box ------------------------------------95, 98
COM radio
Channel spacing ----------------------------------------- 41
COM tuning failure ----------------------------------------130
Controls
Softkeys ----------------------------------------------- 19–22
Control Wheel Steering (CWS) -------------------- 349, 378
Copy a Flight Plan -----------------------------------------203
Course Deviation Indicator (CDI) ----------- 41, 48, 63–65
Course To Fix -----------------------------------------------233
DME Information Window --------------------------------- 62
DME transceiver pairing ----------------------------------116
DME tuning -------------------------------------------------116
DME tuning window --------------------------------------116
E
ECHO TOP Softkey -----------------------------------------284
Electrical indications---------------------------------------- 87
Emergency frequency--------------------------------------130
Engine Display ----------------------------------------------- 86
Engine Indication System (EIS) ----------------------- 83–92
Entering Flight ID ------------------------------------------117
Entertainment inputs --------------------------------------128
Estimated Position Error (EPE) ---------------------------- 28
Ethernet ------------------------------------------------------ 15
F
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Fail-safe operation -----------------------------------------132
Failure
Input ------------------------------------------------------- 17
FD ------------------------------------------------------------472
Flight director (FD) ----------------------------347, 350–351
Modes, lateral ------------------------------------ 369–394
Modes, vertical ----------------------------------- 354–368
D
Switching -------------------------------------------------352
Database ----------------------------------------------------- 14
Flight ID -----------------------------------------------------123
Databases ---------------------------------------------- 13, 475
Flight Instruments ------------------------------------- 47–62
Data Bar fields, MFD --------------------------------------- 40
Flight Level Change Mode------------------- 359, 385, 387
Data link ------------------------------------------------------- 1
Flight plan
Data Link Receiver troubleshooting ---------------------451
Closest point to reference -----------------------------216
Date and time ----------------------------------------------- 37
Storing ----------------------------------------------------486
Day/Night views------------------------------------- 418, 437
Flight timer--------------------------------------------------- 44
Day view ---------------------------------418, 419, 437, 438
FliteCharts ------------------------------------- 395, 424, 439
Dead Reckoning --------------------------------------------- 81
FliteCharts database --------------------------------------441
Decision Height (DH) --------------------------------------- 49
FliteCharts functions --------------------------------------424
Declutter, display -------------------------------------------- 82
FPA ---------------------------------------------------- 219, 256
Delete Flight Plans -----------------------------------------203
Frequency
Deleting an entire airway -------------------------- 205, 206
Nearest ---------------------------------------------------178
Deleting an entire procedure---------------------- 205, 206
Frequency spacing -----------------------------------------105
Deleting an individual waypoint ------------------ 204, 205
Frequency transfer arrow ---------------------------------- 99
Deleting Flight Plan Items --------------------------------204
Frequently asked questions-------------------------------485
Density Altitude --------------------------------------------236
Fuel
Departure
Calculations ----------------------------------------------- 91
Select-----------------------------------223, 226, 229, 232
Effiency ---------------------------------------------------236
Timer ------------------------------------------------------- 44
Endurance ------------------------------------------------236
Departure procedure -------------------196, 210, 223, 225
Flow ----------------------------------------------------87, 90
Departure Time ---------------------------------------------234
Flow totalizer --------------------------------------------- 91
Digital audio entertainment --------------------------------- 4
Quantity -----------------------------------------------87, 90
Dilution of Precision (DOP) -------------------------------- 28
Remaining ------------------------------------------- 90, 236
Direct-to161, 182, 183, 184, 185, 186, 217, 218, 250, 252,
Required --------------------------------------------------236
265, 266
Used -------------------------------------------------------- 90
Display backup ---------------------------------------------- 97
Fuel on Board ----------------------------------------------236
DME audio --------------------------------------------------108
Fuel Statistics -----------------------------------------------236
DME information-------------------------------------------- 49
I-2
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
190-00749-00 Rev. B
INDEX
J
Gain ----------------------------------------------------------311
GDC 74A ------------------------------------------------------- 1
GDL 69/69A ---------------------------------------------1, 271
GDU 1040 ----------------------------------------------------- 1
GEA 71 --------------------------------------------------------- 1
Generator speed ----------------------------------- 87, 88, 90
GFC 700 -----------------------------------------------------347
GIA 63 ---------------------------------------------------------- 1
Glidepath----------------------------------------------------264
Glidepath Indicator ----------------------------------------- 57
Glidepath Mode ------------------------------- 366, 374, 390
Glideslope ---------------------------------------------------264
Glideslope Indicator ---------------------------------------- 57
Glideslope Mode ------------------------------------ 367, 389
Global Positioning System (GPS)
Navigation ---------------------------------------- 182–270
Receiver information-------------------------------- 27–29
GMA 1347 --------------------------------------------1, 14, 45
GMU 44 -------------------------------------------------------- 1
Go Around Mode -----------------------------368, 391–392
Groundspeed ------------------------------------------------ 44
Ground mapping -------------------------------------------316
GRS 77 --------------------------------------------------------- 1
GTX 33 --------------------------------------------------------- 1
GTX 33 Transponder ---------------------------------------117
Jeppesen aviation database ------------------------------475
M
Magnetometer ------------------------------------------- 1, 18
Map pages --------------------------------------------------- 33
Map Panning -----------------------------------------------141
Marker beacon ---------------------------------------------115
Marker Beacon Annunciations ---------------------------- 76
Marker beacon annunciations ---------------------------- 49
MASQ processing ------------------------------------------- 93
Measurement units, changing displayed ---------------- 38
Menus -------------------------------------------------------- 30
Messages window -----------------------------------------450
Message advisories455, 461, 462, 463, 464, 466, 467, 468,
469, 470, 471
MET ----------------------------------------------------------472
MFD Data Bar fields ---------------------------------------- 40
Minimums ---------------------------------------------------458
Minimum descent altitude, barometric ------------------ 79
Minimum Descent Altitude (MDA) ----------------------- 49
MISCOMP ---------------------------------------------------456
Missed Approach ----187, 232, 233, 238, 241, 265, 266
Missed approach -------------------------------------------391
Mistrim ------------------------------------------------------472
Mode S -------------------------------------------21, 117, 119
Mode selection softkeys ----------------------------------118
Morse code identifier--------------------------------------109
Multi Function Display (MFD)
Softkeys ---------------------------------------------------- 24
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
N
APPENDICES
National Weather Service ---------------------------------294
NAV1 Audio-------------------------------------------------108
NAV2 Audio-------------------------------------------------108
Navigation (NAV) Frequency Window ------------------- 48
Navigation database ------------------------------- 219, 220
Navigation Map --------------------------------------------184
Navigation Mode ---------------------- 372–373, 383–384
Navigation mode selection -------------------------------107
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
INDEX
190-00749-00 Rev. B
Land Symbols -----------------------------------------------149
Lateral modes, flight director---------------------- 369–394
LNAV ---------------------------------------------------------241
Low Altitude Annunciation -------------------------------- 78
LO SENS -----------------------------------------------------115
LPV ---------------------------------------------- 241, 266, 380
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
IDENT function ---------------------------------------------123
ID indicator -------------------------------------------------109
ILS approach ------------------------------------------------389
Indicated Altitude ------------------------------------------234
INFO box ----------------------------------------------------429
Initialization (system)--------------------------------------- 14
Inset Map ---------------------------------------------------- 49
Intercom system (ICS) -------------------------------------128
Intersection
Information --------------------------------------- 168–169
Interstage Turbine Temperature (ITT)------------ 87, 88, 90
Inverting a flight plan -------------------------------------203
IOI ----------------------------------------------------- 333, 473
ITT ---------------------------------------------------------87, 90
L
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
I
Key(s) ----------------------------------------------------------- 8
EIS
Heading ------------------------------------------------------ 48
Heading Select Mode -------------------------------------371
HI SENS ------------------------------------------------------115
Horizontal scan-------306, 307, 308, 309, 310, 314, 315
Horizontal Situation Indicator (HSI) -------------48, 58–70
HSI double green arrow-----------------------------------107
HSI magenta arrow ----------------------------------------107
HSI single green arrow ------------------------------------107
K
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
H
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
G
I-3
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
INDEX
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EIS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Navigation source ------------------------------------- 63–65
Navigation Status Box ------------------------------------- 48
NAV frequency box ----------------------------------------- 95
Nav radio selection ----------------------------------------107
Nearest
Airports --------------------------------------- 41, 178–181
VOR ------------------------------------------------ 178–179
Nearest Airport ------------------- 164, 165, 166, 167, 231
Minimum Runway Length -----------------------------167
Surface Matching ---------------------------------------167
nearest airport--------------------------------- 164, 165, 166
Nearest Airports Page ------------------------ 165, 166, 167
Nearest Pages (NRST) -------------------------------------- 34
NEXRAD Softkey -------------------------------------------280
Night view -------------------------------418, 419, 437, 438
Non-path descent-----------------------------364, 387–388
Normal operating mode ----------------------------------- 15
O
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Obstacles --------------------------------------------- 464, 465
Odometer ---------------------------------------------------- 44
Oil
Pressure --------------------------------------------------- 87
Temperature ---------------------------------------------- 87
Omni-bearing Selector (OBS) Mode---------------------- 69
Omni Bearing Selector (OBS)---------------------- 486–487
Other Statistics -------------------------------------- 234, 236
Outside Air Temperature (OAT) --------------------------- 71
Overspeed protection, autopilot -------------------------354
Overview ------------------------------------------------------- 1
P
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
Page groups -------------------------------------------- 32–35
Parallel Track ----------------------------------------- 209, 210
Passenger address -----------------------------------------127
PA system ---------------------------------------------------127
PFD failure --------------------------------------------------131
Pitch Hold Mode -------------------------------------------355
Pitch indication ---------------------------------------------- 52
Pointers, bearing -------------------------------------------- 61
Power-up page -------------------------------------- 421, 440
Presets -------------------------------------------------------448
Pressure, oil -------------------------------------------------- 87
Primary Flight Display (PFD)
Softkeys ----------------------------------------------- 19–21
Procedures
GFC 700 ------------------------------------------- 380–392
Propeller Heat ----------------------------------------------- 87
Propeller speed ------------------------------------------87, 90
INDEX
Q
Quick Tuning 121.500 MHz ------------------------------100
I-4
R
Radar altitude -------------------------------------------79, 80
Radio volume level ----------------------------------------109
RAIM --------------------------------------228, 238, 239, 240
Range --------------------------------------------------------159
Receiver Autonomous Integrity Monitoring (RAIM)2 8 – 2 9 ,
238, 485
Reference Altitude ------------------------------------------ 53
Required Vertical Speed -----------------------------------257
Required Vertical Speed Indicator -----------------------257
Reversionary mode ----------------------------------- 16, 132
Reversionary Sensor Window ----------------------------- 75
ROC --------------------------------------------------- 333, 473
Roll Hold Mode --------------------------------------------370
RS-232------------------------------------------------------- 3, 4
RS-485---------------------------------------------------------- 3
Runway
Minimum length------------------------------------------ 42
Surface ----------------------------------------------------- 41
RVSI --------------------------------------------------- 257, 258
RX Indicator ------------------------------------------------- 99
S
SafeTaxi----------------------------------------- 395, 396, 398
SafeTaxi database------------------------------------------399
SBAS -------------------------------------------- 238, 239, 240
Scheduler ---------------------------------------395–396, 449
Sector scan --------------------------------------------------312
Secure Digital (SD) card -----------------------------------475
Selected Altitude ------ 48, 355, 356, 358, 359, 361, 365
Selected Altitude Capture Mode355, 356, 357, 358, 361,
368
Selected Course -------------------------- 49, 373, 375, 376
Selected Heading -------------------------- 49, 59, 348, 371
Selecting a COM radio ------------------------------------- 98
Sensor ------------------------------------------------ 454, 456
Sequencing, automatic ------------------------------------487
Service Class ------------------------------------------------444
Servos, AFCS ------------------------------------------------347
Slip/Skid Indicator---------------------------------------48, 52
Softkeys ------------------------------------------------- 19–22
EIS ---------------------------------------------------------- 84
LTNG ------------------------------------------------------286
PFD --------------------------------------------------------- 48
Softkey annunciations -------------------------------------- 74
Sort Flight Plans --------------------------------------------202
Speaker ------------------------------------------------------124
STAB ---------------------------------------------------------313
Standby frequency ------------------------------98, 101, 107
Standby frequency field ------------------------------------ 98
Stereo headsets --------------------------------------------124
Stuck microphone------------------------------------------130
Sunrise -------------------------------------------------------235
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
190-00749-00 Rev. B
INDEX
U
TA ------------------------------------------------------------458
Takeoff Mode -----------------------------------------------368
TAS -------------- 306, 307, 309, 310, 311, 312, 458, 467
TAWS ------------------------------------------- 331, 473, 474
TAWS annunciations --------------------------------------- 77
Temperature, Interstage Turbine ----------------------87, 90
Temperature, oil --------------------------------------------- 87
Temperature, Outside Air (OAT)--------------------------- 71
Terminal procedures charts ------------------------ 402, 425
Terrain -------------------------------------------------------464
Color indications ----------------------------------------493
Terrain Awareness and Warning System (TAWS)
annunciations ----------------------------------------------- 77
Tilt ----------------------------------------------------- 309, 310
Tilt line -------------------------------------------------------310
Time, system ------------------------------------------------- 37
Timer ---------------------------------------------------------469
Departure-------------------------------------------------- 44
Flight ------------------------------------------------------- 44
Timer, PFD generic ------------------------------------------ 43
TOD --------------------------------------------- 256, 257, 263
TOPO DATA ------------------------------------ 146, 147, 156
TOPO SCALE ------------------------------------------------148
Top of Descent -------------------------------------- 256, 257
Torque ----------------------------------------------- 87, 88, 90
Track ------------------------------------------------------48, 58
Traffic
Annunciation -----------------------------------------49, 76
Voice alerts ------------------------------------------------ 76
Traffic Advisory ---------------------------------------------458
Traffic advisory ---------------------------------------------306
Transponder code entry -----------------------------------121
Transponder data box ----------------------------------93, 95
Transponder ground mode -------------------------------119
Transponder softkeys --------------------------------------118
Transponder standby mode ------------------------------119
Transponder Status Box ------------------------------------ 48
Trend Vector
Turn Rate -------------------------------------------------- 61
Trend Vector, Airspeed -------------------------------------- 50
Unable to display chart ---------------------------- 403, 426
Updating Garmin databases ---------------------- 399, 441
Updating Jeppesen databases ---------------------------422
V
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
VDI ---------------------------------------------------- 257, 258
Vertical Descent Indicator --------------------------------257
Vertical deviation ------------------------------------- 54, 363
Vertical deviation guidance ------------------------------220
Vertical Deviation Indicator (VDI)------------------------- 57
Vertical navigation -----------------------------------------219
Direct-to --------------------------------------------------218
Vertical Navigation flight control ----------------- 361–365
Vertical Path Tracking Mode-----------------361–362, 386
Vertical scan ----------------------------------------- 309, 310
Vertical speed guidance ----------------------------------220
Vertical Speed Indicator (VSI) -------------------------48, 57
Vertical Speed Mode --------------------------------------358
Vertical Speed Reference ---------------------------------358
VFR code ----------------------------------------------------122
VNAV --------------------------------------------------------186
VNAV Target Altitude ------------------------------- 361–364
VNAV Target Altitude Capture Mode -------------------365
VNV ---------------------------------------256, 470, 471, 484
VNV guidance
Disabling -------------------------------------------------217
Enabling --------------------------------------------------217
VNV indications, PFD --------------------------------------- 73
VNV Target Altitude ---------------------------------------- 57
Voice alerts -------------------------------------------------457
Voice alerts, TIS Traffic -------------------------------------345
Voice alerts, traffic ------------------------------------------ 76
Voltmeter----------------------------------------------------- 87
VOL annunciation ------------------------------------------126
VOR
Nearest -------------------------------------------- 178–179
VOR selection-----------------------------------------------107
VSI------------------------------------------------------------258
Vspeed references ------------------------------------------ 51
VS TGT ------------------------------------------------ 219, 256
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
190-00749-00 Rev. B
EIS
T
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Trend Vector, Altitude --------------------------------------- 54
Trip Planning ----------------------------------- 234, 235, 236
Trip Statistics----------------------------------------- 235, 236
Trip statistics ------------------------------------------------- 44
True Airspeed -----------------------------------------------236
True airspeed (TAS) ----------------------------------------- 50
Turn anticipation -------------------------------------------487
Turn Rate Indicator -------------------------------------48, 61
TX indicator -------------------------------------------------- 99
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Sunset -------------------------------------------------------235
SUSP ---------------------------------------------------------- 70
Symbols, map -----------------------------------------------491
System annunciations --------------------------18, 453, 459
System Display (EIS) ---------------------------------------- 88
System message advisories-------------------------------461
System Setup Page ----------------------------------------- 37
System Status Page ----------------------------------------- 42
System time ----------------------------------------------38, 48
I-5
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
INDEX
W
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EIS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
WAAS ------------------------------------------- 241, 380, 465
WAAS precision approach --------------------------------390
WARNING ---------------------------------------------------455
Warning alerts ----------------------------------------------457
Warranty -------------------------------------------------------- i
WATCH ----------------------------------------------- 314, 315
Waypoint
Automatic sequencing ---------------------------------487
Skipping --------------------------------------------------487
Waypoint Pages (WPT) ------------------------------------- 33
Waypoint Selection Submenu -- 183, 189, 190, 192, 238
Weather (real-time)------------------------------------------- 4
Weather Attenuated Color Highlight -------------------314
Wind --------------------------------------136, 158, 234, 236
Wind data ------------------------------------------------49, 72
WIND Softkey -----------------------------------------------293
X
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
XM
radio------------------------------------------------ 271, 443
Receiver troubleshooting ------------------------------451
XM channel list---------------------------------------------445
XM radio ----------------------------------------------------445
XM radio entertainment ----------------------------------128
XM radio volume-------------------------------------------448
XM Satellite Radio -----------------------------------------443
XM satellite radio ------------------------------------------446
XM weather/radio -------------------------------------------- 4
Z
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
Zoom
Auto -------------------------------------------------------139
I-6
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Caravan
190-00749-00 Rev. B
G1000
®
Integrated Flight Deck
Pilot’s Guide
®
G1000 Pilot’s Guide
Garmin International, Inc.
1200 East 151st Street
Olathe, KS 66062, U.S.A.
p:913.397.8200
f:913.397.8282
Garmin (Europe) Ltd.
Liberty House, Bulls Copse Road
Houndsdown Business Park
Southampton, SO40 9RB, U.K.
p:44/0870.8501241
f:44/0870.8501251
Garmin Corporation
No. 68, Jangshu 2nd Road
Shijr, Taipei County, Taiwan
p:886/02.2642.9199
f:886/02.2642.9099
www.garmin.com
Cessna Caravan
Garmin AT, Inc.
2345 Turner Road SE
Salem, OR 97302, U.S.A.
p:503.391.3411
f:503.364.2138
190-00749-00
Revision A
Cessna Caravan
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