Garmin | G1000: Cessna Citation Mustang | Garmin G1000: Cessna Citation Mustang G1000 Pilot's Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang

Garmin G1000: Cessna Citation Mustang G1000 Pilot's Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
G1000
®
Integrated Flight Deck
Pilot’s Guide
®
G1000 Pilot’s Guide
Garmin International, Inc.
1200 East 151st Street
Olathe, KS 66062, U.S.A.
p:913.397.8200
f:913.397.8282
Garmin (Europe) Ltd.
Liberty House, Bulls Copse Road
Houndsdown Business Park
Southampton, SO40 9RB, U.K.
p:44/0870.8501241
f:44/0870.8501251
Garmin Corporation
No. 68, Jangshu 2nd Road
Shijr, Taipei County, Taiwan
p:886/02.2642.9199
f:886/02.2642.9099
www.garmin.com
Cessna Citation
Mustang
Garmin AT, Inc.
2345 Turner Road SE
Salem, OR 97302, U.S.A.
p:503.391.3411
f:503.364.2138
190-00494-02
Revision A
Cessna Citation Mustang
SYSTEM OVERVIEW
FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS
ENGINE INDICATING & CREW ALERTING SYSTEM
AUDIO PANEL & CNS
FLIGHT MANAGEMENT
HAZARD AVOIDANCE
AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
ADDITIONAL FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
Copyright © 2006-2008 Garmin Ltd. or its subsidiaries. All rights reserved.
This manual reflects the operation of System Software version 0435.11 or later for the Cessna Citation Mustang. Some differences in
operation may be observed when comparing the information in this manual to earlier or later software versions.
Garmin International, Inc., 1200 East 151st Street, Olathe, Kansas 66062, U.S.A.
Tel: 913/397.8200
Fax: 913/397.8282
Garmin AT, Inc., 2345 Turner Road SE, Salem, OR 97302, U.S.A.
Tel: 503/391.3411
Fax 503/364.2138
Garmin (Europe) Ltd, Liberty House, Bulls Copse Road, Hounsdown Business Park, Southampton, SO40 9RB, U.K.
Tel: 44/0870.8501241
Fax: 44/0870.8501251
Garmin Corporation, No. 68, Jangshu 2nd Road, Shijr, Taipei County, Taiwan
Tel: 886/02.2642.9199
Fax: 886/02.2642.9099
Web Site Address: www.garmin.com
Except as expressly provided herein, no part of this manual may be reproduced, copied, transmitted, disseminated, downloaded or stored
in any storage medium, for any purpose without the express written permission of Garmin. Garmin hereby grants permission to download
a single copy of this manual and of any revision to this manual onto a hard drive or other electronic storage medium to be viewed for
personal use, provided that such electronic or printed copy of this manual or revision must contain the complete text of this copyright notice
and provided further that any unauthorized commercial distribution of this manual or any revision hereto is strictly prohibited.
Garmin® and G1000® are registered trademarks of Garmin Ltd. or its subsidiaries. WATCH®, FliteCharts®, and SafeTaxi® are trademarks of
Garmin Ltd. or its subsidiaries. These trademarks may not be used without the express permission of Garmin.
Bendix/King® and Honeywell® are registered trademarks of Honeywell International, Inc.; Becker® is a registered trademark of Becker
Flugfunkwerk GmbH; NavData® is a registered trademark of Jeppesen, Inc.; XM® is a registered trademark of XM Satellite Radio, Inc.
May, 2008
190-00494-02 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
Printed in the U.S.A.
190-00494-02 Rev. B
Limited Warranty
LIMITED WARRANTY
This Garmin product is warranted to be free from defects in materials or workmanship for two years from the date of purchase. Within this
period, Garmin will, at its sole option, repair or replace any components that fail in normal use. Such repairs or replacement will be made
at no charge to the customer for parts and labor, provided that the customer shall be responsible for any transportation cost. This warranty
does not cover failures due to abuse, misuse, accident, or unauthorized alterations or repairs.
THE WARRANTIES AND REMEDIES CONTAINED HEREIN ARE EXCLUSIVE AND IN LIEU OF ALL OTHER WARRANTIES EXPRESS OR IMPLIED
OR STATUTORY, INCLUDING ANY LIABILITY ARISING UNDER ANY WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
PURPOSE, STATUTORY OR OTHERWISE. THIS WARRANTY GIVES YOU SPECIFIC LEGAL RIGHTS, WHICH MAY VARY FROM STATE TO
STATE.
IN NO EVENT SHALL GARMIN BE LIABLE FOR ANY INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, INDIRECT OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, WHETHER
RESULTING FROM THE USE, MISUSE, OR INABILITY TO USE THIS PRODUCT OR FROM DEFECTS IN THE PRODUCT. Some states do not
allow the exclusion of incidental or consequential damages, so the above limitations may not apply to you.
Garmin retains the exclusive right to repair or replace the unit or software, or to offer a full refund of the purchase price, at its sole
discretion. SUCH REMEDY SHALL BE YOUR SOLE AND EXCLUSIVE REMEDY FOR ANY BREACH OF WARRANTY.
To obtain warranty service, contact your local Garmin Authorized Service Center. For assistance in locating a Service Center near you, visit
the Garmin Web site at “http://www.garmin.com” or contact Garmin Customer Service at 800-800-1020.
190-00494-02 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
i
Warnings, Cautions, and Notes
WARNING: The G1000 TAWS feature does not relieve the pilot from the responsibility of being aware of
surroundings during flight. The TAWS feature is only to be used as an aid for terrain avoidance. Terrain data
is obtained from third party sources. Garmin is not able to independently verify the accuracy of the terrain
data.
WARNING: The displayed minimum safe altitudes (MSAs) are only advisory in nature and should not be
relied upon as the sole source of obstacle and terrain avoidance information. Always refer to current
aeronautical charts for appropriate minimum clearance altitudes.
WARNING: The altitude calculated by G1000 GPS receivers is geometric height above Mean Sea Level and
could vary significantly from the altitude displayed by pressure altimeters, such as the GDC 74B Air Data
Computer, or other altimeters in aircraft. GPS altitude should never be used for vertical navigation. Always
use pressure altitude displayed by the G1000 PFD or other pressure altimeters in aircraft.
WARNING: Do not use outdated database information. Databases used in the G1000 system must be updated
regularly in order to ensure that the information remains current. Pilots using any outdated database do so
entirely at their own risk.
WARNING: Do not use basemap (land and water data) information for primary navigation. Basemap data is
intended only to supplement other approved navigation data sources and should be considered as an aid to
enhance situational awareness.
WARNING: Traffic information shown on the G1000 Multi Function Display is provided as an aid in visually
acquiring traffic. Pilots must maneuver the aircraft based only upon ATC guidance or positive visual
acquisition of conflicting traffic.
WARNING: XM Weather should not be used for hazardous weather penetration. Weather information
provided by the GDL 69 is approved only for weather avoidance, not penetration.
Warning: NEXRAD weather data is to be used for long-range planning purposes only. Due to inherent
delays in data transmission and the relative age of the data, NEXRAD weather data should not be used for
short-range weather avoidance.
WARNING: The Garmin G1000, as installed in the Cessna Citation Mustang aircraft, has a very high degree of
functional integrity. However, the pilot must recognize that providing monitoring and/or self-test capability
for all conceivable system failures is not practical. Although unlikely, it may be possible for erroneous
operation to occur without a fault indication shown by the G1000. It is thus the responsibility of the pilot
to detect such an occurrence by means of cross-checking with all redundant or correlated information
available in the cockpit.
WARNING: For safety reasons, G1000 operational procedures must be learned on the ground.
ii
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
190-00494-02 Rev. B
Warnings, Cautions, and Notes
WARNING: The United States government operates the Global Positioning System and is solely responsible
for its accuracy and maintenance. The GPS system is subject to changes which could affect the accuracy
and performance of all GPS equipment. Portions of the Garmin G1000 utilize GPS as a precision electronic
NAVigation AID (NAVAID). Therefore, as with all NAVAIDs, information presented by the G1000 can be
misused or misinterpreted and, therefore, become unsafe.
WARNING: To reduce the risk of unsafe operation, carefully review and understand all aspects of the G1000
Pilot’s Guide documentation and the Cessna Citation Mustang Airplane Flight Manual. Thoroughly practice
basic operation prior to actual use. During flight operations, carefully compare indications from the G1000
to all available navigation sources, including the information from other NAVAIDs, visual sightings, charts,
etc. For safety purposes, always resolve any discrepancies before continuing navigation.
WARNING: The illustrations in this guide are only examples. Never use the G1000 to attempt to penetrate
a thunderstorm. Both the FAA Advisory Circular, Subject: Thunderstorms, and the Aeronautical Information
Manual (AIM) recommend avoiding “by at least 20 miles any thunderstorm identified as severe or giving an
intense radar echo.”
WARNING: Lamp(s) inside this product may contain mercury (HG) and must be recycled or disposed of
according to local, state, or federal laws. For more information, refer to our website at www.garmin.com/
aboutGarmin/environment/disposal.jsp.
WARNING: Because of anomalies in the earth’s magnetic field, operating the G1000 within the following
areas could result in loss of reliable attitude and heading indications. North of 70° North latitude and south
of 70° South latitude. An area north of 65° North latitude between longitude 75º West and 120º West. An
area south of 55° South latitude between longitude 120º East and 165º East.
CAUTION: The PFD and MFD displays use a lens coated with a special anti-reflective coating that is very
sensitive to skin oils, waxes, and abrasive cleaners. CLEANERS CONTAINING AMMONIA WILL HARM THE
ANTI-REFLECTIVE COATING. It is very important to clean the lens using a clean, lint-free cloth and an
eyeglass lens cleaner that is specified as safe for anti-reflective coatings.
CAUTION: The Garmin G1000 does not contain any user-serviceable parts. Repairs should only be made by
an authorized Garmin service center. Unauthorized repairs or modifications could void both the warranty
and the pilot’s authority to operate this device under FAA/FCC regulations.
nOTE: All visual depictions contained within this document, including screen images of the G1000 panel and
displays, are subject to change and may not reflect the most current G1000 system and aviation databases.
Depictions of equipment may differ slightly from the actual equipment.
NOTE: This device complies with part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) this device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired operation.
190-00494-02 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
iii
Warnings, Cautions, and Notes
NOTE: This product, its packaging, and its components contain chemicals known to the State of California
to cause cancer, birth defects, or reproductive harm. This notice is being provided in accordance with
California’s Proposition 65. If you have any questions or would like additional information, please refer to
our web site at www.garmin.com/prop65.
NOTE: Interference from GPS repeaters operating inside nearby hangars can cause an intermittent loss of
attitude and heading displays while the aircraft is on the ground. Moving the aircraft more than 100 yards
away from the source of the interference should alleviate the condition.
NOTE: Use of polarized eyewear may cause the flight displays to appear dim or blank.
iv
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
190-00494-02 Rev. B
Revision Information
Record of Revisions
Part Number
190-00494-00
Revision
Date
A
October, 2006
B
November, 2006
Page Range
i through I-6
4-7, 4-16,
4-34
5-108 through
5-126
7-33 through
7-45
190-00494-01
A
B
February, 2007
May, 2007
i through I-6
i through I-6
190-00494-02
A
April, 2008
i through I-6
B
May, 2008
All
190-00494-02 Rev. B
Description
Production release
Added ‘SQ’ and ‘RX’ annunciations.
Added transponder code entry using the FMS Knob.
Added flying an example flight plan to the GPS Navigation
section.
Udated AFCS examples to be consistent with the example
flight plan in GPS Navigation section.
Added GDU 8.00 parameters and made various corrections.
Added KHF 1050 HF and KTA 870 TAS
Reformatted GPS Navigation Section
Corrected various clerical errors
Production Release
Added Synthetic Vision System
Added other GDU 9.01 parameters
Corrected clerical error.
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
v
Revision Information
Blank Page
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Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
190-00494-02 Rev. B
Table of Contents
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
1.6
1.7
1.8
Section 1 System Overview
System Description.................................................. 1
Line Replaceable Units (LRU).................................. 2
G1000 Controls......................................................... 7
PFD Controls................................................................. 7
Controls Associated With the MFD.................................. 9
AFCS Controls............................................................. 10
Audio Panel Controls................................................... 12
Secure Digital Cards.............................................. 14
System Power-up.................................................... 14
System Operation................................................... 16
Normal Operation. ...................................................... 16
Reversionary Mode. .................................................... 16
AHRS Operation.......................................................... 17
G1000 System Annunciations....................................... 19
Softkey Function. ........................................................ 20
GPS Receiver Operation............................................... 25
Accessing G1000 Functionality............................ 29
Menus. ...................................................................... 29
MFD Page Groups. ...................................................... 30
MFD System Pages...................................................... 34
Display Backlighting.............................................. 42
Automatic Adjustment................................................. 42
Manual Adjustment..................................................... 42
Section 2 Flight Instruments
2.1 Flight Instruments.................................................. 48
Airspeed Indicator....................................................... 48
Attitude Indicator........................................................ 51
Altimeter.................................................................... 53
Vertical Speed Indicator (VSI). ...................................... 57
Vertical Deviation........................................................ 57
Horizontal Situation Indicator (HSI)............................... 58
Course Deviation Indicator (CDI)................................... 63
2.2 Supplemental Flight Data..................................... 71
Temperature Displays. ................................................. 71
Wind Data.................................................................. 72
Vertical Navigation (VNV) Indications. .......................... 73
2.3 PFD Annunciations and Alerting Functions......... 74
System Alerting........................................................... 74
Marker Beacon Annunciations...................................... 75
190-00494-02 Rev. B
Traffic Annunciation. ................................................... 75
TAWS Annunciations. .................................................. 75
Minimum Descent Altitude/Decision Height Alerting....... 76
Altitude Alerting. ........................................................ 77
Low Altitude Annunciation........................................... 77
2.4 Abnormal Operations............................................ 78
Abnormal GPS Conditions............................................ 78
Unusual Attitudes. ...................................................... 79
Section 3 Engine Indication & Crew Alerting
System (EICAS)
3.1 Engine Indication System (EIS)............................. 83
Engine Stage Rotation Speeds (N1 and N2). .................. 84
Oil Pressure and Temperature....................................... 85
Fuel Display................................................................ 85
Interstage Turbine Temperature..................................... 86
Electrical Display......................................................... 86
Pressurization Display.................................................. 87
Trim and Flap Indicators............................................... 88
3.2 Crew Alerting System (CAS).................................. 89
CAS Messages and Prioritization. ................................. 89
CAS Display Inhibits. ................................................... 91
Section 4 Audio Panel and CNS
4.1 Overview................................................................. 93
Audio Panel Volume Control......................................... 93
PFD Controls and Frequency Display. ............................ 94
Audio Panel Controls................................................... 96
4.2 COM Operation....................................................... 98
COM Transceiver Selection and Activation. .................... 98
COM Transceiver Manual Tuning................................... 99
Quick-tuning and Activating 121.500 MHz. ................. 100
Auto-tuning the COM Frequency. ............................... 101
Frequency Spacing. ................................................... 106
Automatic Squelch.................................................... 107
Volume. ................................................................... 107
4.3 NAV Operation...................................................... 108
NAV Radio Selection and Activation............................ 108
NAV Receiver Manual Tuning. .................................... 109
Auto-tuning a NAV Frequency from the MFD. .............. 111
Marker Beacon Receiver. ........................................... 116
ADF/DME Tuning....................................................... 117
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
vii
Table of Contents
4.4 GTX 33/33D Mode S Transponders..................... 121
Transponder Controls. ............................................... 121
Transponder Mode Selection. ..................................... 122
Entering a Transponder Code...................................... 125
IDENT Function......................................................... 126
Flight ID Reporting.................................................... 127
4.5 Additional Audio Panel Functions...................... 128
Power-up.................................................................. 128
Mono/Stereo Headsets. ............................................. 128
Speaker.................................................................... 128
Unmuted Inputs........................................................ 128
Intercom. ................................................................. 129
Passenger Address (PA) System. ................................. 130
Simultaneous COM Operation.................................... 130
Clearance Recorder and Player................................... 131
4.6 Audio Panels Preflight Procedure....................... 132
4.7 Abnormal Operation............................................ 134
Stuck Microphone..................................................... 134
COM Tuning Failure................................................... 134
PFD Failure, Dual System............................................ 135
Audio Panel Fail-safe Operation.................................. 136
Reversionary Mode. .................................................. 136
Section 5 Flight Management
5.1 Introduction.......................................................... 137
Navigation Status Box............................................... 139
5.2 Using Map Displays.............................................. 140
Map Orientation. ...................................................... 140
Map Range............................................................... 142
Map Panning............................................................ 145
Measuring Bearing and Distance. ............................... 150
Topography. ............................................................. 151
Map Symbols............................................................ 154
Airways.................................................................... 160
Track Vector.............................................................. 162
Wind Vector.............................................................. 163
Nav Range Ring........................................................ 164
Fuel Range Ring........................................................ 165
Field of View (SVS). ................................................... 166
5.3 Waypoints.............................................................. 167
Airports.................................................................... 168
Intersections............................................................. 174
NDBs. ...................................................................... 176
viii
VORs........................................................................ 178
User Waypoints......................................................... 180
5.4 Airspaces............................................................... 185
5.5 Direct-to-Navigation . ......................................... 189
5.6 Flight Planning...................................................... 195
Flight Plan Creation................................................... 196
Adding Waypoints to an Existing Flight Plan................ 199
Adding Airways to a Flight Plan.................................. 201
Adding Procedures to a Stored Flight Plan................... 203
Flight Plan Storage.................................................... 210
Flight Plan Editing..................................................... 212
Along Track Offsets. .................................................. 215
Parallel Track. ........................................................... 217
Activating a Flight Plan Leg........................................ 220
Inverting a Flight Plan. .............................................. 221
Flight Plan Views....................................................... 222
Closest Point of FPL................................................... 224
5.7 Vertical Navigation.............................................. 225
Altitude Constraints. ................................................. 227
5.8 Procedures............................................................ 230
Departures. .............................................................. 230
Arrivals . .................................................................. 233
Approaches . ............................................................ 235
5.9 Trip Planning......................................................... 241
Trip Planning. ........................................................... 241
Weight Planning. ...................................................... 245
Weight Caution And Warning Conditions..................... 247
5.10 RAIM Prediction................................................... 248
5.11 Navigating a Flight Plan...................................... 252
5.12 Abnormal Operation............................................ 280
Section 6 Hazard Avoidance
6.1 XM Satellite Weather........................................... 283
Using XM SATELLITE Weather Products....................... 285
Weather Softkeys on the Weather Data Link Page......... 288
6.2 Airborne Color Weather Radar........................... 311
System Description.................................................... 311
Principles of Pulsed Airborne Weather Radar................ 311
Safe Operating Distance. ........................................... 316
Basic Antenna Tilt Setup. ........................................... 316
Weather Mapping and Interpretation.......................... 318
Ground Mapping and Interpretation. .......................... 331
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
190-00494-02 Rev. B
Table of Contents
6.3 Terrain Awareness & Warning System (TAWS).. 332
Displaying TAWS Data. .............................................. 333
TAWS Page............................................................... 335
TAWS Alerts.............................................................. 337
System Status........................................................... 344
6.4 Traffic Information Service (TIS)......................... 345
Displaying TRAFFIC Data............................................ 346
Traffic Map Page....................................................... 348
TIS Alerts.................................................................. 349
System Status........................................................... 351
6.5 Traffic Advisory System (TAS)............................. 354
TAS Symbology......................................................... 354
Operation................................................................. 355
Altitude Display. ....................................................... 357
Traffic Map Page Display Range.................................. 358
TAS Alerts................................................................. 360
System Status........................................................... 360
7.5 Autopilot and Yaw Damper Operation.............. 395
Flight Control. .......................................................... 395
Engagement............................................................. 396
Control Wheel Steering.............................................. 396
Disengagement......................................................... 397
7.6 Example Flight Plan............................................. 398
Departure................................................................. 399
Intercepting a VOR Radial.......................................... 401
Flying a Flight Plan/GPS Course.................................. 402
Descent.................................................................... 403
Approach. ................................................................ 407
Go Around/Missed Approach...................................... 409
7.7 AFCS Annunciations and Alerts.......................... 411
AFCS Status Alerts..................................................... 411
Overspeed Protection. ............................................... 412
Emergency Descent Mode (EDM)................................ 412
Section 7 Automatic Flight Control System
7.1 AFCS Controls....................................................... 364
7.2 Flight Director Operation.................................... 366
Activating the Flight Director...................................... 366
AFCS Status Box. ...................................................... 367
Flight Director Modes................................................ 368
Switching Flight Directors. ......................................... 368
Command Bars......................................................... 369
7.3 Vertical Modes...................................................... 370
Pitch Hold Mode (PIT)................................................ 371
Selected Altitude Capture Mode (ALTS). ...................... 372
Altitude Hold Mode (ALT)........................................... 373
Vertical Speed Mode (VS)........................................... 374
Flight Level Change Mode (FLC). ................................ 375
Vertical Navigation Modes (VPTH, ALTV). .................... 378
Glidepath Mode (GP)................................................. 383
Glideslope Mode (GS)................................................ 385
Takeoff (TO) and Go Around (GA) Modes..................... 386
7.4 Lateral Modes....................................................... 387
Roll Hold Mode (ROL)................................................ 388
Low Bank Mode........................................................ 388
Navigation Modes (GPS, VOR, LOC)............................. 390
Approach Modes (GPS, VAPP, LOC).............................. 392
Backcourse Mode (BC)............................................... 394
8.1
190-00494-02 Rev. B
8.2
8.3
8.4
8.5
8.6
8.7
Section 8 Additional Features
Synthetic Vision System (SVS)............................ 414
SVS Operation. ......................................................... 415
SVS Features............................................................. 417
Field of View............................................................. 426
SafeTaxi................................................................. 428
SafeTaxi Cycle Number and Revision........................... 431
ChartView.............................................................. 434
ChartView Softkeys. .................................................. 434
ChartView Terminal Procedures Charts........................ 435
Chart Options........................................................... 445
Day/Night View......................................................... 451
ChartView Cycle Number and Expiration Date. ............ 453
FliteCharts............................................................. 457
FliteCharts Softkeys................................................... 457
FliteCharts Terminal Procedures Charts........................ 458
Chart Options........................................................... 466
Day/Night View......................................................... 470
FliteCharts Cycle Number and Expiration Date............. 472
XM Radio Entertainment..................................... 476
Activating XM Satellite Radio Services. ....................... 476
Using XM Radio........................................................ 478
Scheduler............................................................... 482
Abnormal Operation............................................ 484
SVS Troubleshooting.................................................. 484
Reversionary Mode. .................................................. 484
Unusual Attitudes. .................................................... 485
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
ix
Table of Contents
Appendices
Annunciations and Alerts.............................................. 489
CAS Messages.......................................................... 489
Comparator Annunciations......................................... 490
Reversionary Sensor Annunciations............................. 491
G1000 System Annunciations..................................... 491
G1000 System Message Advisories............................. 494
AFCS Alerts............................................................... 506
TAWS ALERTS. .......................................................... 507
Other G1000 Aural Alerts........................................... 508
SD Card Use.................................................................... 509
Jeppesen Databases.................................................. 509
Garmin Databases..................................................... 510
Glossary........................................................................... 513
Frequently Asked Questions......................................... 519
General TIS Information................................................ 525
Introduction.............................................................. 525
TIS vs. TAS/TCAS........................................................ 525
TIS Limitations.......................................................... 525
Display Symbols............................................................. 527
Index
Index . ...............................................................................I-1
x
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
190-00494-02 Rev. B
System Overview
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Section 1 System Overview
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
1.1 System Description
This section provides an overview of the G1000 Integrated Flight Deck as installed in the Cessna Citation
Mustang. The G1000 system is an integrated flight control system that presents flight instrumentation, position,
navigation, communication, and identification information to the pilot through large-format displays. The system
consists of the following Line Replaceable Units (LRUs):
• GDL 69A Satellite Data Link Receiver
• GIA 63W Integrated Avionics Unit
• GWX 68 Weather Radar
• GDC 74B Air Data Computer (ADC)
• GCU 475 MFD Control Unit
• GEA 71 Engine/Airframe Unit
• GMC 710 AFCS Control Unit
• GRS 77 Attitude and Heading Reference System
(AHRS)
• GTP 59 Outside Air Temperature (OAT) Probe
• GMU 44 Magnetometer
• GMA 1347D Dual Audio System with Integrated
Marker Beacon Receiver
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
• GDU 1500 Multi Function Display (MFD)
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
• GTX 33/33D Mode S Transponder
EICAS
• GDU 1040A Primary Flight Display (PFD)
• GA 36 GPS/WAAS and GA 37 GPS/WAAS/XM
Antennas
• GSA 80 and GSA 81 AFCS Servos
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
• GSM 85A Servo Gearboxes
A top-level G1000 system block diagram is shown in Figure 1-1 (it does not include the GA 36, GA 37, or GSM
85A).
The following equipment is also connected to the G1000 system and interfaces with the GIA 63Ws:
AFCS
• Becker RA 3502 – A remotely mounted ADF receiver that operates in the 190.0 kHz to 1799.5 kHz frequency
band with 0.5 kHz channel spacing.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
• Honeywell KN 63 – A remotely mounted 200-channel, 100-watt, all-solid-state digital DME transceiver that
provides distance information to the G1000 system.
• Honeywell KTA 870 – Traffic Advisory System
• Honeywell KHF 1050 – HF Transceiver
APPENDICES
NOTE: Refer to the AFCS section for details on the GFC 700 AFCS.
In the Cessna Citation Mustang, the GFC 700 Automated Flight Control System (AFCS) provides the flight
director (FD), autopilot (AP), and yaw damper (YD) functions of the G1000 system.
INDEX
190-00494-02 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
1
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
System Overview
1.2 Line Replaceable Units (LRU)
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EICAS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
• GDU 1040A (2) – Each unit is configured as a PFD that features a 10.4-inch LCD with 1024 x 768 resolution.
The unit installed on the left/pilot side is designated as PFD1, and the one installed on the right/copilot side
is designated as PFD2. These units communicate with each other, the MFD, and with the on-side GIA 63W
Integrated Avionics Unit through a High-Speed Data Bus (HSDB) connection.
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
• GDU 1500 (1) – Features a 15-inch LCD with 1024 x 768 resolution and is configured as an MFD. This unit
is linked to both PFDs via HSDB connection.
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
• GIA 63W (2) – Functions as the main communication hub, linking all LRUs with the on-side PFD. Each
GIA 63W contains a GPS WAAS receiver, VHF COM/NAV/GS receivers, a flight director (FD) and system
integration microprocessors. Each GIA 63W is paired with the on-side PFD via HSDB connection. The GIA
63Ws are not paired together and do not communicate with each other directly.
2
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
190-00494-02 Rev. B
System Overview
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
• GDC 74B (2) – Processes data from the pitot/static system as well as the OAT probe. This unit provides
pressure altitude, airspeed, vertical speed and OAT information to the G1000 system, and it communicates
with the on-side GIA 63W, on-side GDU 1040A and on-side GRS 77, using an ARINC 429 digital interface
(it also interfaces directly with the on-side GTP 59). The GDC 74B is designed to operate in Reduced Vertical
Separation Minimum (RVSM) airspace.
EICAS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
• GEA 71 (2) – Receives and processes signals from the engine and airframe sensors. This unit communicates
with both GIA 63Ws using an RS-485 digital interface.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
• GRS 77 (2) – Provides aircraft attitude and heading information via ARINC 429 to both the on-side GDU
1040A and the on-side GIA 63W. The GRS 77 contains advanced sensors (including accelerometers and rate
sensors) and interfaces with the on-side GMU 44 to obtain magnetic field information, with the GDC 74B to
obtain air data, and with both GIA 63Ws to obtain GPS information. AHRS modes of operation are discussed
later in this document.
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
• GMU 44 (2) – Measures local magnetic field. Data is sent to the GRS 77 for processing to determine aircraft
magnetic heading. This unit receives power directly from the GRS 77 and communicates with the GRS 77,
using an RS-485 digital interface.
APPENDICES
INDEX
190-00494-02 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
3
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
System Overview
EICAS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
• GMA 1347D (2) – Integrates NAV/COM digital audio, intercom system and marker beacon controls, and is
installed in dual configuration on the outboard side of PFD1 and PFD2. This unit also enables the manual
control of the display reversionary mode (red DISPLAY BACKUP button) and communicates with the on-side
GIA 63W, using an RS-232 digital interface.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
• GTX 33 (1) and GTX 33D (1 or 2) – Solid-state transponders that provide Modes A, C and S capability.
Transponder #1 (XPDR1) is a GTX 33D, which includes Mode S with diversity. Either the GTX 33 or GTX 33D
may be installed as Transponder #2 (XPDR2). Both transponders can be controlled from either PFD, and only
one transponder can be active at a time. Each transponder communicates with the on-side GIA 63W through
an RS-232 digital interface.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
• GDL 69A (1) – A satellite radio receiver that provides real-time weather information to the G1000 MFD (and,
indirectly, to the inset map of the PFD) as well as digital audio entertainment. The GDL 69A communicates
with the MFD via HSDB connection. A subscription to the XM Satellite Radio service is required to enable the
GDL 69A capability.
INDEX
APPENDICES
• GWX 68 (1) – Provides airborne weather and ground mapped radar data to the MFD, through the GDL 69A,
via HSDB connection.
4
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
190-00494-02 Rev. B
System Overview
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
• GCU 475 (1) – Provides the Flight Management System (FMS) controls for the MFD through an RS-232 digital
interface.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
• GMC 710 (1) – Provides the controls for the GFC 700 AFCS through an RS-232 digital interface allowing
communication with both PFDs.
EICAS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
• GTP 59 (2) – Provides Outside Air Temperature (OAT) data to the on-side GDC 74B.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
• GSA 80 (2), GSA 81 (2), and GSM 85A (4) – The GSA 80 servos are used for the automatic control of roll and
yaw, while the GSA 81 servos are used for the automatic control of pitch and pitch trim. These units interface
with each GIA 63W.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
The GSM 85A servo gearbox is responsible for transferring the output torque of the GSA 80/81 servo actuator
to the mechanical flight-control surface linkage.
AFCS
GA 36
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
• GA 36 (1) and GA 37 (1) – The GA 36 is a through-mount GPS/WAAS antenna. The GA 37 is a through-mount
GPS/WAAS antenna with XM/Data Link.
GA 37
APPENDICES
INDEX
190-00494-02 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
5
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
System Overview
GMC 710
EICAS
GWX 68
GDU 1040A
(PFD #1)
GDL 69A
GCU 475
GDU 1040A
(PFD #2)
GDU 1500
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
(MFD)
GMA 1347D
#1
GMA 1347D
#2
GMU 44 #1
GMU 44 #2
GRS 77 #1
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
GRS 77 #2
AFCS
GIA 63W #1
GIA 63W #2
VHF COM
VHF NAV/LOC
GPS/WAAS
G/S
GDC 74B #1
AFCS Mode Logic
Flight Director
Servo Management
GTP 59 #1
GDC 74B #2
VHF COM
VHF NAV/LOC
GPS/WAAS
G/S
GTP 59 #2
AFCS Mode Logic
Flight Director
Servo Management
GSA 81
(Pitch Trim)
GSA 81
(Pitch)
GSA 80
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
GTX 33D
(Roll)
GTX 33
GSA 80
(Yaw)
GEA 71 #1
APPENDICES
GEA 71 #2
INDEX
Figure 1-1 G1000 System (LRU Configuration)
6
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
190-00494-02 Rev. B
System Overview
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
1.3 G1000 Controls
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
NOTE: The Audio Panel (GMA 1347D) and AFCS controls (GMC 710) are described in the CNS & Audio Panel
and AFCS sections respectively.
The G1000 system controls are located on the PFD and MFD bezels, MFD Control Unit, AFCS Control Unit and
audio panel. The controls for the PFD and MFD are discussed within the following pages of this section.
1
2
4
3
5
6
7
EICAS
PFD Controls
8
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Figure 1-2 PFD Controls
13
10
14
11
15
APPENDICES
9
12
INDEX
190-00494-02 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
7
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
System Overview
1
NAV VOL/ID Knob – Controls NAV audio volume level. Press to toggle the Morse code identifier audio ON
and OFF. Volume level is shown in the NAV frequency field as a percentage.
2
NAV Frequency Transfer Key – Toggles the standby and active NAV frequencies.
3
Dual NAV Knob – Tunes the standby frequencies for the NAV receiver (large knob for MHz; small knob for
kHz). Press to switch the tuning box (cyan box) between NAV1 and NAV2.
4
Joystick – Changes the map range when rotated. Activates the map pointer when pressed.
5
BARO Knob – Sets the altimeter barometric pressure. Press to enter standard pressure (STD BARO).
6
Dual COM Knob – Tunes the standby frequencies for the COM transceiver (large knob for MHz; small
knob for kHz). Press to switch the tuning box (cyan box) between COM1 and COM2.
7
COM Frequency Transfer Key – Toggles the standby and active COM frequencies. Press and hold this
key for two seconds to tune the emergency frequency (121.5 MHz) automatically into the active frequency
field.
8
COM VOL/SQ Knob – Controls COM audio volume level. Volume level is shown in the COM frequency
field as a percentage. Press to turn the COM automatic squelch ON and OFF.
9
Direct-to Key ( ) – Allows the user to enter a destination waypoint and establish a direct course to the
selected destination (the destination is either specified by the identifier, chosen from the active route, or
taken from the map pointer position).
10
FPL Key – Displays the active Flight Plan Page for creating and editing the active flight plan.
11
CLR Key – Erases information, cancels entries, or removes page menus.
12
Dual FMS Knob – Flight Management System Knob. Press the FMS Knob to turn the selection cursor
ON and OFF. When the cursor is ON, data may be entered in the applicable window by turning the small
and large knobs. The large knob moves the cursor on the page, while the small knob selects individual
characters for the highlighted cursor location.
13
MENU Key – Displays a context-sensitive list of options. This list allows the user to access additional
features or make setting changes that relate to particular pages.
14
PROC Key – Gives access to IFR departure procedures (DPs), arrival procedures (STARs) and approach
procedures (IAPs) for a flight plan. If a flight plan is used, available procedures for the departure and/or
arrival airport are automatically suggested. These procedures can then be loaded into the active flight plan.
If a flight plan is not used, both the desired airport and the desired procedure may be selected.
15
ENT Key – Validates or confirms a menu selection or data entry.
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EICAS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The following list provides an overview of the controls located on the PFD bezel (see Figure 1-2).
8
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
190-00494-02 Rev. B
System Overview
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Controls Associated With the MFD
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The controls for the MFD (GDU 1500) are located on both the MFD bezel and the MFD Control Unit (GCU
475). The bottom portion of the MFD bezel features 12 softkeys that are designed to perform various functions
depending upon the specific page being displayed. These softkeys are discussed throughout the Pilot’s Guide
documentation.
The following list provides an overview of the controls located on the MFD Control Unit (see Figure 1-3):
1
3
2
4
5
EICAS
6
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
7
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
8
9
14
13
12
11
10
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure 1-3 MFD Control Unit (GCU 475)
3
FPL Key – Displays the active Flight Plan Page for creating and editing the active flight plan, or for
accessing stored flight plans.
4
MENU Key – Displays a context-sensitive list of options. This list allows the user to access additional
features or make setting changes that relate to particular pages.
5
PROC Key – Gives access to IFR departure procedures (DPs), arrival procedures (STARs) and approach
procedures (IAPs) for a flight plan. If a flight plan is used, available procedures for the departure and/or
arrival airport are automatically suggested. Theses procedures can then be loaded into the active flight
plan. If a flight plan is not used, both the desired airport and the desired procedure may be selected.
190-00494-02 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
INDEX
Direct-to Key ( ) – Allows the user to enter a destination waypoint and establish a direct course to the
selected destination (the destination is either specified by the identifier, chosen from the active route, or
taken from the map pointer position).
APPENDICES
2
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Dual FMS Knob – Flight Management System Knob. This knob selects the MFD page to be viewed; the
large knob selects a page group (MAP, WPT, AUX, NRST), while the small knob selects a specific page
within the page group. Pressing the FMS Knob turns the selection cursor ON and OFF. When the cursor
is ON, data may be entered in the applicable window by turning the small and large knobs. In this case,
the large knob moves the cursor on the page, while the small knob selects individual characters for the
highlighted cursor location.
AFCS
1
9
Joystick – Changes the map range when rotated. Activates the map pointer when pressed.
7
Alphanumeric Keys – Allow the user to enter data quickly, without having to select individual characters
with the FMS Knob.
8
Plus (+) Minus (-) Key – Toggles a (+) or (-) character.
9
Decimal Key – Enters a decimal point.
10
SEL Key – The center of this key activates the selected softkey, while the right and left arrows move the
softkey selection box to the right and left, respectively.
11
ENT Key – Validates or confirms a menu selection or data entry.
12
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
CLR Key – Erases information, cancels entries, or removes page menus. Pressing and holding this key
displays the Navigation Map Page automatically.
13
SPC Key – Adds a space character.
14
BKSP Key – Moves the cursor back one character space.
AFCS Controls
EICAS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
6
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
System Overview
NOTE: With the exception of the FD and SPD Keys, if a key is selected, its respective annunciator is
1
2
3
4
19
18
17
16
5
6
7
13
12
8
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
illuminated.
15
14
11
10
9
Figure 1-4 AFCS Control Unit (GMC 710)
INDEX
APPENDICES
The GFC 700 AFCS is mainly controlled through the GMC 710 AFCS Control Unit. The AFCS Control Unit
consists of the following controls:
10
1
HDG Key – Selects/deselects Heading Select Mode.
2
APR Key – Selects/deselects Approach Mode.
3
NAV Key – Selects/deselects Navigation Mode.
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
190-00494-02 Rev. B
System Overview
FLC Key – Selects/deselects Flight Level Change Mode.
9
CRS2 Knob – Sets the copilot-selected course on the HSI of PFD2 when the VOR1, VOR2, or OBS/SUSP
mode is selected. Pressing this knob centers the CDI on the currently selected VOR. The copilot-selected
course provides course reference to the copilot-side flight director when operating in Navigation and
Approach modes.
10
SPD Key – Switches the Flight Level Change mode reference speed between IAS and MACH number.
11
NOSE UP/DN Wheel – Controls the active mode reference for the Pitch, Vertical Speed, and Flight Level
Change modes.
12
VNV Key – Selects/deselects Vertical Navigation mode.
13
ALT SEL Knob – Sets the selected altitude in the Selected Altitude Box. In addition to providing the
standard G1000 altitude alerter function, selected altitude provides an altitude setting for the Altitude
Capture/Hold mode of the AFCS.
14
YD Key – Engages/disengages the yaw damper.
15
AP Key – Engages/disengages the autopilot.
16
BANK Key – Selects/deselects Low Bank Mode.
17
CRS1 Knob – Sets the pilot-selected course on the HSI of PFD1 when the VOR1, VOR2, or OBS/SUSP mode
is selected. Pressing this knob centers the CDI on the currently selected VOR. The pilot-selected course
provides course reference to the pilot-side flight director when operating in Navigation and Approach
modes.
18
BC Key – Selects/deselects Back Course Mode.
19
HDG Knob – Sets the selected heading on the HSI. When operating in Heading Select mode, this knob
provides the heading reference to the flight director.
APPENDICES
8
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
VS Key – Selects/deselects Vertical Speed Mode.
AFCS
7
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
ALT Key – Selects/deselects Altitude Hold Mode.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
6
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
XFR Key – Switches the autopilot between the pilot-side and the copilot-side flight directors. This selection
also selects which air data computer is communicating with the active transponder and which PFD triggers
the altitude alert. Upon power-up, the pilot-side FD is selected.
EICAS
5
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
FD Key – Activates/deactivates the flight director in the default pitch and roll modes. If the autopilot is
engaged, the FD Key is disabled.
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
4
Additional AFCS Controls
190-00494-02 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
INDEX
The AP DISC (Autopilot Disconnect) Switch, CWS (Control Wheel Steering) Button, GO AROUND
Switch, and MEPT (Manual Electric Pitch Trim) Switch are additional AFCS controls and are located in the cockpit,
separately from the AFCS Control Unit. These are discussed in detail in the AFCS section.
11
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
System Overview
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EICAS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Audio Panel Controls
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
18
19
20
21
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
17
22
23
24
AFCS
Figure 1-5 Audio Panel Controls (GMA 1347D)
1
COM1 MIC – Selects the #1 transmitter for transmitting. COM1 receive is simultaneously selected when
this key is pressed allowing received audio from the #1 COM receiver to be heard. COM2 receiver audio
can be added by pressing the COM2 Key.
2
COM1 – When selected, audio from the #1 COM receiver can be heard.
3
COM2 MIC – Selects the #2 transmitter for transmitting. COM2 is simultaneously selected when this key
is pressed allowing received audio from the #2 COM receiver to be heard. COM2 can be deselected by
pressing the COM2 Key, or COM1 can be added by pressing the COM1 Key.
4
COM2 – When selected, audio from the #2 COM receiver can be heard.
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
NOTE: When a key is selected, a triangular annunciator above the key is illuminated.
12
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
190-00494-02 Rev. B
System Overview
MUSIC – Not used on the Cessna Citation Mustang.
10
SPKR – Pressing this key selects and deselects the corresponding cockpit speaker. COM and NAV receiver
audio will be heard on the speaker.
11
MKR/MUTE – Mutes the currently received marker beacon receiver audio. Unmutes when new marker
beacon audio is received.
12
HI SENS – Press to increase Marker Beacon Receiver sensitivity. Press again to return to normal.
13
DME – Pressing turns DME audio on or off.
14
NAV1 – When selected, audio from the #1 NAV receiver can be heard.
15
ADF – Pressing turns on or off the audio from the ADF receiver.
16
NAV2 – When selected, audio from the #2 NAV receiver can be heard.
17
AUX – Not used on the Cessna Citation Mustang.
18
REC – Press to start the recording up to 2.5 minutes of COM receiver audio. When no audio is being
received, nothing is recorded. Press again to stop recording.
19
PLAY – Press once to play the last recorded audio. Press again to stop playing. Press twice quickly while
audio is playing and the previous block of recorded audio will be played. Each subsequent two presses
will skip back to the previously recorded block.
20
INTR COM – Pressing selects the pilot/copilot intercom on both audio panels. Press again to deselect the
intercom.
21
MAN SQ – Press to enable manual squelch for the intercom. When active, press the ICS Knob to illuminate
‘SQ’. Turn the ICS Knob to adjust squelch.
22
ICS Knob – Turn to adjust intercom volume or squelch. Press to switch between volume and squelch
control as indicated by the ‘VOL’ or ‘SQ’ being illuminated. The MAN SQ Key must be selected to allow
squelch adjustment.
23
MSTR Knob – The Master Volume Control adjusts volume for the blended NAV, COM, and intercom
audio.
24
Reversionary Mode Button – Pressing manually selects Reversionary Mode.
APPENDICES
9
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
TEL – Not used on the Cessna Citation Mustang.
AFCS
8
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
PA – Selects the passenger address system. The selected COM transmitter is deselected when the PA Key
is pressed.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
7
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
COM3 – When selected, audio from the HF receiver (if installed) can be heard.
EICAS
6
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
COM3 MIC – Selects the KHF 1050 transmitter for transmitting (if installed). COM3 is simultaneously
selected when this key is pressed allowing received audio from the HF receiver to be heard. COM3 can
be deselected by pressing the COM3 Key, or COM1/COM2 can be added by pressing the COM1/COM2
Key.
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
5
INDEX
190-00494-02 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
13
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
System Overview
1.4 Secure Digital Cards
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
NOTE: Refer to the Appendices for instructions on updating the aviation database.
NOTE: Ensure that the G1000 system is powered off before inserting the SD card.
EICAS
The GDU 1040A and GDU 1500 data card slots use Secure Digital (SD) cards and are located on the top right
portion of the display bezels. Each display bezel is equipped with two SD card slots. SD cards are used for
aviation database and system software updates as well as terrain database storage.
Install an SD card
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Insert the SD card in the SD card slot, pushing the card in until the spring latch engages. The front of the card
should remain flush with the face of the display bezel.
Remove an SD card
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Gently press on the SD card to release the spring latch and eject the card.
MFD
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
PFD
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
SD Card Slots
Figure 1-6 Display Bezel SD Card Slots
APPENDICES
1.5 System Power-up
NOTE: Refer to the Appendices for AHRS initialization bank angle limitations.
INDEX
NOTE: See the Appendices for additional information regarding system-specific annunciations and alerts.
14
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
190-00494-02 Rev. B
System Overview
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
NOTE: See the Airplane Flight Manual (AFM) for specific procedures concerning avionics power application
and emergency power supply operation.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The G1000 system is integrated with the aircraft electrical system and receives power directly from electrical
busses. The G1000 PFDs, MFD and supporting sub-systems include both power-on and continuous built-in test
features that exercise the processor, RAM, ROM, external inputs and outputs to provide safe operation.
EICAS
During system initialization, test annunciations are displayed, as shown in Figure 1-7. All system annunciations
should disappear typically within one minute of power-up. Upon power-up, key annunciator lights also become
momentarily illuminated on the audio panels, the control units and the display bezels.
On the PFD, the AHRS begins to initialize and displays ‘AHRS ALIGN: Keep Wings Level’. The AHRS should
display valid attitude and heading fields typically within one minute of power-up. The AHRS can align itself both
while taxiing and during level flight.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
When the MFD powers up (Figure 1-8), the MFD Power-up Page displays the following information:
• Terrain database name and version
• Copyright
• Aviation database name, version, and effective dates
• Land database name and version
• Chartview database information
• Obstacle database name and version
• Safe Taxi database information
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
• System version
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Current database information includes the valid operating dates, cycle number and database type. When this
information has been reviewed for currency (to ensure that no databases have expired), the pilot is prompted
to continue. Pressing the ENT Key acknowledges this information and displays the Auxiliary (AUX) Weight
Planning Page.
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
Figure 1-7 PFD Initialization
Figure 1-8 MFD Power-up Page
INDEX
190-00494-02 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
15
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
System Overview
1.6 System Operation
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The displays are connected together via a single Ethernet bus, thus allowing for high-speed communication.
As shown in Figure 1-1, each GIA 63W is connected to the on-side PFD. This section discusses the normal and
reversionary modes of operation as well as the various AHRS modes of the G1000 system.
Normal Operation
PFD
EICAS
In normal mode, the PFD presents graphical flight instrumentation (attitude, heading, airspeed, altitude
and vertical speed), thereby replacing the traditional flight instrument cluster. The PFD also offers control for
COM and NAV frequency selection.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
MFD
In normal mode, the right portion of the MFD displays a full-color moving map with navigation information,
while the left portion of the MFD is dedicated to the Engine Indication and Crew Alerting System (EICAS).
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Figure 1-9 gives an example of the G1000 displays in normal mode.
PFD1
PFD2
AFCS
MFD
Figure 1-9 Normal Operation
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Reversionary Mode
NOTE: The G1000 system alerts the pilot when backup paths are utilized by the LRUs. Refer to the Appendices
for further information regarding system-specific alerts.
APPENDICES
Reversionary mode is a mode of operation in which all important flight information is presented identically
on at least one of the remaining displays (see Figure 1-10). Transition to reversionary mode should be
straightforward for the pilot, for flight parameters are presented in the same format as in normal mode.
INDEX
In reversionary mode, critical flight instrumentation is combined with engine instrumentation on the
remaining display. Minimal navigation capability is available on the reversionary mode display.
16
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
190-00494-02 Rev. B
System Overview
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
EICAS
Figure 1-10 Reversionary Mode (Manual)
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
If the system detects a failure in PFD1, reversionary mode is entered automatically. Reversionary mode must
be entered manually in the case of PFD2 or MFD failure.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Reversionary mode is manually activated by pressing the dedicated DISPLAY BACKUP button at the bottom
of the audio panel (see Figure 1-11 and refer to the Audio Panel section for further details). Pressing this button
again deactivates reversionary mode.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Pressing the DISPLAY
BACKUP button activates/
deactivates reversionary
mode for both the on-side
PFD and the MFD.
Figure 1-11 DISPLAY BACKUP Button
Each display can be configured to operate in reversionary mode, as follows:
AFCS
• PFD1 – Auto-reversion by the system or manual reversion by pressing the DISPLAY BACKUP button on the
left audio panel.
• MFD – By pressing the DISPLAY BACKUP button on the left or the right audio panel.
• PFD2 – By pressing the DISPLAY BACKUP button on the right audio panel.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Should the connection between a PFD and the on-side GIA 63W become inoperative, the on-side GIA 63W
can no longer communicate with the remaining PFD (refer to Figure 1-1). As a result, the NAV and COM
functions provided to the failed PFD by the on-side GIA 63W are flagged as invalid (red “X”) on the remaining
PFD (see Figure 1-12).
APPENDICES
Figure 1-12 Inoperative Input (NAV1 Shown)
AHRS Operation
INDEX
NOTE: Refer to the Appendices for specific AHRS alert information.
190-00494-02 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
17
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
System Overview
Note: Aggressive maneuvering in any of the three reversionary modes listed in Table 1-1 can degrade AHRS
accuracy.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
available
Attitude/Heading Invalid
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
unavailable
AFCS
AHRS
no-GPS
Mode
le
ab
AHRS no- AHRS no-Mag/
Mag Mode
no-Air Mode
Heading Invalid
Air Data
ail
av
available
Air Data
AHRS Normal
Operation
Magnetometer Data
un
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
available
unavailable
Magnetometer Data
available
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
available
unavailable
GPS Data
unavailable
EICAS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
In addition to using internal sensors, the GRS 77 AHRS uses GPS information, magnetic field data and air
data to assist in attitude/heading calculations. In normal mode, the AHRS relies upon GPS and magnetic
field measurements. If either of these external measurements is unavailable or invalid, the AHRS uses air
data information for attitude determination. Four AHRS modes of operation are available (see Figure 1-13)
and depend upon the combination of available sensor inputs. Loss of air data, GPS, or magnetometer sensor
inputs is communicated to the pilot by message advisory alerts.
Figure 1-13 AHRS Operation
APPENDICES
GPS Input Failure
Note: In-flight initialization of AHRS, when operating without any valid source of GPS data and at true
air speed values greater than approximately 200 knots, is not guaranteed. Under these rare conditions, it
is possible for in-flight AHRS initialization to take an indefinite amount of time which would result in an
extended period of time where valid AHRS outputs are unavailable.
INDEX
The G1000 system provides two sources of GPS information. If a single GPS receiver fails, or if the
information provided from one of the GPS receivers is unreliable, the AHRS seamlessly transitions to using the
other GPS receiver. An alert message informs the pilot of the use of the backup GPS path. If both GPS inputs
18
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
190-00494-02 Rev. B
System Overview
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
fail, the AHRS continues to operate in reversionary No-GPS mode so long as the air data and magnetometer
inputs are available and valid.
Air Data Input Failure
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
A failure of the air data input has no effect on AHRS output while AHRS is operating in normal mode. A
failure of the air data input while the AHRS is operating in reversionary No-GPS mode results in invalid
attitude and heading information on the PFD (as indicated by red “X” flags).
Magnetometer Failure
EICAS
If the magnetometer input fails, the AHRS transitions to one of the reversionary No-Magnetometer modes
and continues to output valid attitude information. However, if the aircraft is airborne, the heading output
on the PFD does become invalid (as indicated by a red “X”).
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
G1000 System Annunciations
NOTE: For a detailed description of all annunciations and alerts, refer to Appendix A. Refer to the Airplane
Flight Manual (AFM) for additional information regarding pilot responses to these annunciations.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
GIA 63W Integrated
Avionics Units
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
When an LRU or an LRU function fails, a large red “X” is typically displayed on windows associated with
the failed data (Figure 1-14 displays all possible flags and responsible LRUs). Upon G1000 power-up, certain
windows remain invalid as equipment begins to initialize. All windows should be operational within one
minute of power-up. If any window remains flagged, the G1000 system should be serviced by a Garminauthorized repair facility.
GIA 63W Integrated
Avionics Units
GEA 71 Engine
Airframe Unit
Or
GIA 63W Integrated
Avionics Unit
AFCS
GDC 74B Air
Data Computer
APPENDICES
Fuel Qty. Signal
Conditioner
GEA 71 Engine
Airframe Unit
KAPSII
Pressure Controller
GEA 71 Engine
Airframe Unit
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
GRS 77 AHRS
Or
GMU 44
Magnetometer
GIA 63W Integrated
Avionics Units
GDC 74B Air
Data Computer
Figure 1-14 G1000 System Failure Annunciations
190-00494-02 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
19
INDEX
FADEC
GTX 33/D Transponder
Or
GIA 63W Integrated
Avionics Units
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
System Overview
Softkey Function
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The softkeys are located along the bottoms of the displays. The softkeys shown depend on the softkey level
or page being displayed. The bezel keys below the softkeys can be used to select the appropriate softkey. When
a softkey is selected, its color changes to black text on gray background and remains this way until it is turned
off, at which time it reverts to white text on black background.
Softkey On
EICAS
Softkey Names (displayed)
Bezel-Mounted Softkeys (press)
Figure 1-15 Softkeys (Second-Level PFD Configuration)
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Another means of selecting softkeys on the MFD is by using the MFD Control Unit:
Selecting a softkey using the MFD Control Unit
1) Move the softkey selection box to the desired softkey using the arrows of the SEL Key.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
2) Press the center of the SEL Key to select the desired softkey.
PFD Softkeys
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
The CDI, IDENT, TMR/REF, NRST, and MSG Softkeys undergo a momentary change to black text on gray
background and automatically switch back to white text on black background when selected. If messages
remain after acknowledgement, the MSG Softkey will be black on white.
The PFD softkeys provide control over flight management functions, including GPS, NAV, terrain, traffic,
and lightning (optional). Each softkey sublevel has a BACK Softkey which can be pressed to return to the
previous level. The MSG Softkey is visible in all softkey levels. For the top level softkeys and the transponder
(XPDR) levels, the IDENT Softkey remains visible.
AFCS
INSET
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
OFF
DCLTR (3)
TRAFFIC
Cycles through traffic display options:
TRFC-1: Traffic displayed on inset map
TRFC-2: Traffic Map Page is displayed in the inset map window
TOPO
Displays topographical data (e.g., coastlines, terrain, rivers,
lakes) and elevation scale on Inset Map
Displays terrain information on Inset Map
TERRAIN
20
Displays Inset Map in PFD lower left corner
Removes Inset Map
Selects desired amount of map detail; cycles through declutter
levels:
DCLTR (No Declutter): All map features visible
DCLTR-1: Declutters land data
DCLTR-2: Declutters land and SUA data
DCLTR-3: Removes everything except for the active flight
plan
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
190-00494-02 Rev. B
System Overview
XM LTNG
PFD
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
BRG2
AFCS
BRG1
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
WIND
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
DFLTS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
SYN VIS
EICAS
ADC1
ADC2
AHRS1
AHRS2
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
SENSOR
APPENDICES
Displays softkeys for setting the altimeter and BARO settings to
metric units
ALT UNIT
METERS
When enabled, displays altimeter in meters
IN
Press to display the BARO setting as inches of mercury
HPA
Press to display the BARO setting as hectopacals
INDEX
STD BARO
190-00494-02 Rev. B
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Displays NEXRAD weather and coverage information on Inset
Map (optional feature)
Displays XM lightning information on Inset Map (optional
feature)
Displays softkeys for selecting the #1 and #2 AHRS and Air
Data Computers
Selects the #1 Air Data Computer
Selects the #2 Air Data Computer
Selects the #1 AHRS
Selects the #2 AHRS
Displays second-level softkeys for additional PFD configurations
Displays the softkeys for enabling or disabling Synthetic Vision
features
PATHWAY Displays rectangular boxes representing the horizontal and
vertical flight path of the active flight plan
SYN TERR Enables synthetic terrain depiction
HRZN HDG Displays compass heading along the Zero-Pitch line
APTSIGNS Displays position markers for airports within approximately
15 nm of the current aircraft position. Airport identifiers are
displayed when the airport is within approximately 9 nm.
Resets PFD to default settings, including changing units to
standard
Displays softkeys to select wind data parameters
Longitudinal and lateral components
OPTN 1
Total direction and speed
OPTN 2
Wind direction arrow with direction and speed
OPTN 3
Information not displayed
OFF
Cycles the Bearing 1 Information Window through NAV1, GPS/
waypoint identifier and GPS-derived distance information, and
ADF/frequency.
Cycles the Bearing 2 Information Window through NAV2 or
GPS waypoint identifier and GPS-derived distance information,
and ADF/frequency.
NEXRAD
Sets altimeter setting to standard barometric pressure
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
21
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
System Overview
OBS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
CDI
ADF/DME
XPDR
EICAS
XPDR1
XPDR2
STBY
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
ON
ALT
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
GND
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
VFR
CODE
0—7
BKSP
IDENT
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
TMR/REF
NRST
MSG
Selects OBS mode on the CDI when navigating by GPS (only
available with active leg)
Cycles through GPS, VOR1, and VOR2 navigation modes on the
CDI
Displays the ADF/DME Tuning Window, allowing tuning of the
ADF, ADF Mode selection, ADF volume control, and selection
of the DME
Displays transponder mode selection softkeys
Selects the #1 transponder as active
Selects the #2 transponder as active
Selects standby mode (transponder does not reply to any
interrogations)
Selects Mode A (transponder replies to interrogations)
Selects Mode C – altitude reporting mode (transponder replies
to identification and altitude interrogations)
Manually selects Ground Mode, the transponder does
not allow Mode A and Mode C replies, but it does permit
acquisition squitter and replies to discretely addressed Mode S
interrogations
Automatically enters the VFR code (1200 in the U.S.A. only)
Displays transponder code selection softkeys 0-7
Use numbers to enter code
Removes numbers entered, one at a time
Activates the Special Position Identification (SPI) pulse for 18
seconds, identifying the transponder return on the ATC screen
Displays Timer/References Window
Displays Nearest Airports Window
Displays Messages Window
INDEX
Figure 1-16 Top Level PFD Softkeys
22
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
190-00494-02 Rev. B
System Overview
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
TRFC-1
Select the BACK or OFF Softkey
to return to the top-level softkeys.
TRFC-2
EICAS
Figure 1-17 INSET Softkeys
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
ADC1
ADC2
AHRS1
BACK
AHRS2
MSG
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Press the BACK Softkey to
return to the top level softkeys.
Figure 1-18 SENSOR Softkeys
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
(optional)
SYN VIS
ALT UNIT
AFCS
Select the STD BARO or
BACK Softkey to return to
the top-level softkeys
HPA
APPENDICES
PATHWAY
IN
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
METERS
SYN TERR HRZN HDG APTSIGNS
190-00494-02 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
INDEX
Figure 1-19 PFD Configuration Softkeys
23
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
System Overview
MSG
Press the BACK Softkey to return
to the top-level softkeys.
EICAS
MSG
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Press the BACK Softkey to return
to the top-level softkeys.
Figure 1-20 XPDR Softkeys
MFD Softkeys
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
CAS ↑
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Scroll up (enabled only when a sufficient number of items are displayed
in the Crew Alerting System Display to warrant scrolling)
Scroll down (enabled only when a sufficient number of items are
CAS ↓
displayed in the Crew Alerting System Display to warrant scrolling)
Enables second-level Navigation Map softkeys
MAP
Displays traffic information on Navigation Map
TRAFFIC
Displays topographical data (e.g., coastlines, terrain, rivers, lakes) and
TOPO
elevation scale on Navigation Map
Displays terrain information on Navigation Map
TERRAIN
Displays airways on the map; cycles through the following:
AIRWAYS
AIRWAYS: No airways are displayed
(Default label
AIRWY ON: All airways are displayed
is dependant
AIRWY LO: Only low altitude airways are displayed
on map setup
AIRWY HI: Only high altitude airways are displayed
option selected)
Displays NEXRAD weather and coverage information on Navigation
NEXRAD
Map (optional feature)
Displays XM lightning information on Navigation Map (optional feature)
XM LTNG
Returns to top-level softkeys
BACK
Selects desired amount of map detail; cycles through declutter levels:
DCLTR (3)
DCLTR (No Declutter): All map features visible
DCLTR-1: Declutters land data
DCLTR-2: Declutters land and SUA data
DCLTR-3: Removes everything except for the active flight plan
When available, displays optional airport and terminal procedure charts
SHW CHRT
When available, displays optional checklists
CHKLIST
24
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
190-00494-02 Rev. B
System Overview
CAS ↓
DCLTR
MAP
(optional)
(optional)
SHW CHRT
CHKLIST
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
CAS ↑
DCLTR-1
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
DCLTR-2
DCLTR-3
Select the BACK Softkey on this level to
return to the top softkey level.
TRAFFIC
TOPO
TERRAIN
AIRWAYS
(optional)
(optional)
NEXRAD
XM LTNG
BACK
EICAS
(Default softkey
is dependant on AIRWY ON
the selection made
in the map setup
AIRWY LO
options)
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
AIRWAY HI
Figure 1-21 MFD Softkeys
GPS Receiver Operation
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Each GIA 63W Integrated Avionics Unit (IAU) contains a GPS receiver. Information collected by the specified
receiver (GPS1 for the #1 IAU or GPS2 for the #2 IAU) may be viewed on the AUX - GPS Status Page.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
GPS1 provides information to the pilot-side PFD and GPS2 provides data to the copilot-side PFD. Internal
system checking is performed to ensure both GPS receivers are providing accurate data to the PFDs. In some
circumstances, both GPS receivers may be providing accurate data, but one receiver may be providing a better
GPS solution than the other receiver. In this case the GPS receiver producing the better solution is automatically
coupled to both PFDs. “BOTH ON GPS 1” or “BOTH ON GPS 2” are then displayed in the Reversionary Sensor
Window (see Appendix A) indicating which GPS receiver is being used. Both GPS receivers are still functioning
properly, but one receiver is performing better than the other at that particular time.
AFCS
These GPS sensor annunciations are most often seen after system power-up when one GPS receiver has
acquired satellites before the other, or one of the GPS receivers has not yet acquired a WAAS signal. While
the aircraft is on the ground, the WAAS signal may be blocked by obstructions causing one GPS receiver to
have difficulty acquiring a good signal. Also, while airborne, turning the aircraft may result in one of the GPS
receivers temporarily losing the WAAS signal.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
If the sensor annunciation persists, check for a system failure message in the Messages Window on the PFD.
If no failure message exists, check the GPS Status Page and compare the information for GPS1 and GPS2.
Discrepancies may indicate a problem.
APPENDICES
Viewing GPS receiver status information
1) Use the large FMS Knob to select the Auxiliary Page Group (see Section 1.7 for information on navigating MFD
page groups).
2) Use the small FMS Knob to select GPS Status Page.
INDEX
190-00494-02 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
25
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
System Overview
Selecting the GPS receiver for which data may be reviewed
1) Use the FMS Knob to select the AUX - GPS Status Page.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
2) To change the selected GPS receiver:
a) Select the desired GPS Softkey.
Or:
a) Press the MENU Key.
EICAS
b) Use the FMS Knob to highlight the receiver which is not selected and press the ENT Key.
Satellite Signal
Information Status
GPS Receiver
Status
RAIM
Availability
Prediction
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Satellite Constellation
Diagram
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
SBAS
Selected
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
Satellite Signal
Strength Bars
GPS Selection
Softkeys
RAIM Softkey
Selected
SBAS Softkey
Selected
APPENDICES
Figure 1-22 GPS Status Page (RAIM or SBAS Selected)
The GPS Status Page provides the following information:
• Satellite constellation diagram
INDEX
Satellites currently in view are shown at their respective positions on a sky view diagram. The sky view is
always in a north-up orientation, with the outer circle representing the horizon, the inner circle representing
45° above the horizon, and the center point showing the position directly overhead.
26
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
190-00494-02 Rev. B
System Overview
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Each satellite is represented by an oval containing the Pseudo-random noise (PRN) number (i.e., satellite
identification number). Satellites whose signals are currently being used are represented by solid ovals.
• Satellite signal information status
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The accuracy of the aircraft’s GPS fix is calculated using Estimated Position Uncertainty (EPU), Dilution
of Precision (DOP), and horizontal and vertical figures of merit (HFOM and VFOM). EPU is the radius of a
circle centered on an estimated horizontal position in which actual position has 95% probability of laying.
EPU is a statistical error indication and not an actual error measurement.
EICAS
DOP measures satellite geometry quality (i.e., number of satellites received and where they are relative to
each other) on a range from 0.0 to 9.9, with lower numbers denoting better accuracy. HFOM and VFOM,
measures of horizontal and vertical position uncertainty, are the current 95% confidence horizontal and
vertical accuracy values reported by the GPS receiver.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
The current calculated GPS position, time, altitude, ground speed, and track for the aircraft are displayed
below the satellite signal accuracy measurements.
• GPS receiver status
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
The GPS solution type (ACQUIRING, 2D NAV, 2D DIFF NAV, 3D NAV, 3D DIFF NAV) for the active
GPS receiver (GPS1 or GPS2) is shown in the upper right of the GPS Status Page. When the receiver is
in the process of acquiring enough satellite signals for navigation, the receiver uses satellite orbital data
(collected continuously from the satellites) and last known position to determine the satellites that should be
in view. ACQUIRING is indicated as the solution until a sufficient number of satellites have been acquired
for computing a solution.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
When the receiver is in the process of acquiring a 3D differential GPS solution, 3D NAV is indicated as the
solution until the 3D differential fix has finished acquisition. SBAS (Satellite-Based Augmentation System)
indicates INACTIVE. When acquisition is complete, the solution status indicates 3D DIFF NAV and SBAS
indicates ACTIVE.
• RAIM (Receiver Autonomous Integrity Monitoring) Prediction (RAIM Softkey is selected)
AFCS
In most cases performing a RAIM prediction is not necessary. However, in some cases, the selected approach
may be outside the WAAS coverage area and it may be necessary to perform a RAIM prediction for the
intended approach.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Receiver Autonomous Integrity Monitoring (RAIM) is a GPS receiver function that performs a consistency
check on all tracked satellites. RAIM ensures that the available satellite geometry allows the receiver to
calculate a position within a specified RAIM protection limit (2.0 nautical miles for oceanic and enroute, 1.0
nm for terminal, and 0.3 nm for non-precision approaches). During oceanic, enroute, and terminal phases of
flight, RAIM is available nearly 100% of the time.
APPENDICES
The RAIM prediction function also indicates whether RAIM is available at a specified date and time. RAIM
computations predict satellite coverage within ±15 min of the specified arrival date and time.
190-00494-02 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
INDEX
Because of the tighter protection limit on approaches, there may be times when RAIM is not available. The
G1000 automatically monitors RAIM and warns with an alert message when it is not available. If RAIM is not
predicted to be available for the final approach course, the approach does not become active, as indicated by
the messages “Approach is not active” and “RAIM not available from FAF to MAP”. If RAIM is not available
when crossing the FAF, the missed approach procedure must be flown.
27
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
System Overview
Predicting RAIM availability
1) Select the GPS Status Page.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
2) If necessary, select the RAIM Softkey.
3) Press the FMS Knob. The ‘WAYPOINT’ field is highlighted.
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to display the Waypoint Information Window.
5) Enter the desired waypoint:
EICAS
a) Use the FMS Knob to enter the desired waypoint by identifier, facility, or city name and press the ENT Key. Refer
to Section 1.7 for instructions on entering alphanumeric data into the G1000.
Or:
a) Use the large FMS Knob to scroll to the Most Recent Waypoints List.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
b) Use the small FMS Knob to highlight the desired waypoint in the list and press the ENT Key. The G1000
automatically fills in the identifier, facility, and city fields with the information for the selected waypoint.
c) Press the ENT Key to accept the waypoint entry.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
6) Use the FMS Knob to enter an arrival time and press the ENT Key.
7) Use the FMS Knob to enter an arrival date and press the ENT Key.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
8) With the cursor highlighting ‘COMPUTE RAIM?’, press the ENT Key. Once RAIM availability is computed, one
of the following is displayed:
• ‘COMPUTE RAIM?’—RAIM has not been computed for the current waypoint, time, and date combination
• ‘COMPUTING AVAILABILITY’—RAIM calculation in progress
• ‘RAIM AVAILABLE’—RAIM is predicted to be available for the specified waypoint, time, and date
• ‘RAIM NOT AVAILABLE’—RAIM is predicted to be unavailable for the specified waypoint, time, and date
AFCS
Predicting RAIM availability at present position
1) Select the GPS Status Page.
2) If necessary, select the RAIM Softkey.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
3) Press the FMS Knob. The ‘WAYPOINT’ field is highlighted.
4) Press the MENU Key.
5) With ‘Set WPT to Present Position’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
APPENDICES
6) Press the ENT Key to accept the waypoint entry.
7) Use the FMS Knob to enter an arrival time and press the ENT Key.
8) Use the FMS Knob to enter an arrival date and press the ENT Key.
INDEX
9) With the cursor highlighting ‘COMPUTE RAIM?’, press the ENT Key. Once RAIM availability is computed, one
of the following is displayed:
28
• ‘COMPUTE RAIM?’—RAIM has not been computed for the current waypoint, time, and date combination
• ‘COMPUTING AVAILABILITY’—RAIM calculation in progress
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
190-00494-02 Rev. B
System Overview
• ‘RAIM AVAILABLE’—RAIM is predicted to be available for the specified waypoint, time, and date
• ‘RAIM NOT AVAILABLE’—RAIM is predicted to be unavailable for the specified waypoint, time, and date
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
• SBAS Selection (SBAS Softkey is selected)(WAAS capable systems only)
In certain situations, such as when the aircraft is outside or on the fringe of the WAAS coverage area, it may
be desireable to disable WAAS (although it is not recommended). When disabled, the SBAS field in the GPS
Status box indicates DISABLED.
Disabling WAAS
EICAS
1) Select the GPS Status Page.
2) If necessary, select the SBAS Softkey.
3) Press the FMS Knob. ‘WAAS’ is highlighted.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
4) Press the ENT Key to uncheck the box.
5) Press the FMS Knob to remove the cursor.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
• GPS Satellite Signal Strengths
The GPS Status Page can be helpful in troubleshooting weak (or missing) signal levels due to poor satellite
coverage or installation problems. As the GPS receiver locks onto satellites, a signal strength bar is displayed
for each satellite in view, with the appropriate satellite PRN number (01-32 or 120-138 for WAAS) below each
bar. The progress of satellite acquisition is shown in three stages, as indicated by signal bar appearance:
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
- No bar—Receiver is looking for the indicated satellite
- Hollow bar—Receiver has found the satellite and is collecting data
- Light blue bar—Receiver has collected the necessary data and the satellite signal can be used
- Green bar—Satellite is being used for the GPS solution
- Checkered bar—Receiver has excluded the satellite (Fault Detection and Exclusion)
- “D” indication—Denotes the satellite is being used as part of the differential computations
AFCS
Each satellite has a 30-second data transmission that must be collected (signal strength bar is hollow) before
the satellite may be used for navigation (signal strength bar becomes solid).
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
1.7 Accessing G1000 Functionality
Menus
APPENDICES
The G1000 has a MENU Key that, when pressed, displays a context-sensitive list of options. This options list
allows the user to access additional features or make settings changes which specifically relate to the currently
displayed window/page. There is no all-encompassing menu. Some menus provide access to additional
submenus that are used to view, edit, select, and review options. Menus display ‘NO OPTIONS’ when there are
no options for the window/page selected. The main controls used in association with all window/page group
operations are described in section 1.3. Softkey selection does not display menus or submenus.
INDEX
Navigating the Page Menu Window
1) Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu Window.
2) Turn the FMS Knob to scroll through a list of available options (a scroll bar appears to the right of the window
when the option list is longer than the window).
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29
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
System Overview
3) Press the ENT Key to select the desired option.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
4) The CLR Key may be pressed to remove the menu and cancel the operation. Pressing the FMS Knob also
removes the displayed menu.
EICAS
No Options with
NRST Window
Displayed on the
PFD
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Options
with FPL
Window
Displayed
Figure 1-23 Page Menu Examples
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
MFD Page Groups
Note: Refer to the GPS Navigation, Hazard Avoidance, and Additional Features sections for details on
specific pages.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
The page group and active page title box are displayed in the upper right of the screen.
Page Group
Active Page Title
AFCS
Figure 1-24 Page Title Box
In the bottom right corner of the screen, the current page group, number of pages available in the group, and
placement of the current page within the group are indicated.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Page Groups
Pages in Current Group
APPENDICES
Selected Page
Figure 1-25 Page Group Icons
INDEX
The MFD displays information in four main page groups; specific pages within each group can vary depending
on the configuration of optional equipment.
Selecting a page using the FMS Knob
1) Turn the large FMS Knob until the desired page group is selected.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob until the desired page is selected.
30
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
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System Overview
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
There are also several pages (Airport Information and XM Information pages) which are selected first from
within a main page group with the FMS Knobs, then with the appropriate softkey at the bottom of the page. In
this case, the page remains set to the selected screen until a different screen softkey is selected.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Map Pages (MAP)
Navigation Map
Traffic Map
EICAS
Weather Radar
Weather Data Link (service
optional)
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Terrain Proximity or TAWS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Figure 1-26 Map Pages
Waypoint Pages (WPT)
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Airport Information pages
- Airport Information
(INFO Softkey)
AFCS
- Departure Information
(DP Softkey)
- Arrival Information
(STAR Softkey)
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
- Approach Information
(APR Softkey)
- Weather Information
(WX Softkey)
APPENDICES
Intersection Information
NDB Information
VOR Information
Airport
Information
Pages
User Waypoint Information
190-00494-02 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
INDEX
Figure 1-27 Waypoint Pages
31
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
System Overview
Auxiliary Pages (AUX)
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Weight Planning
Trip Planning
Utility
GPS Status
EICAS
System Setup
XM Satellite pages
XM
Satellite
Pages
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
- XM Information
(INFO Softkey)
- XM Radio
(RADIO Softkey)
System Status
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Figure 1-28 Auxiliary Pages
Nearest Pages (NRST)
Nearest Airports
Nearest Intersections
AFCS
Nearest NDB
Nearest VOR
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Nearest User Waypoints
Nearest Frequencies
APPENDICES
Nearest Airspaces
Figure 1-29 Nearest Pages
INDEX
In addition to the main page groups accessed exclusively using the FMS Knobs, there are pages for flight
planning (FPL) and loading procedures (PROC) which are accessed by bezel key. In some instances, softkeys
may be used to access the Procedure Pages.
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System Overview
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
The Flight Plan Pages are accessed using the FPL Key on the MFD. Main pages within this group are selected
by turning the small FMS Knob.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Flight Plan Pages (FPL)
Active Flight Plan
- Wide View, Narrow View
(VIEW Softkey)
Flight Plan Catalog
EICAS
or
Stored Flight Plan (NEW Softkey)
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Narrow and
Wide View
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Figure 1-30 Flight Plan Pages
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
The Procedure pages may be accessed at any time on the MFD by pressing the PROC Key. A menu is
initialized, and when a departure, approach, or arrival is selected, the appropriate Procedure Loading Page is
opened. Turning the FMS Knob does not scroll through the Procedure pages (note the single page icon in the
lower right corner).
Procedure Pages
(PROC)
AFCS
Departure Loading
Arrival Loading
Approach Loading
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
Figure 1-31 Procedure Pages
For some of these pages (Airport Information pages, XM Satellite pages, Procedure pages), the title of the page
may change while the page icon remains the same.
INDEX
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33
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
System Overview
MFD System Pages
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
In the Auxiliary (AUX) Page Group, there are two system pages: System Setup (page 5 of 7) and System Status
(page 7 of 7). The System Setup Page allows management of various system parameters, while the System
Status Page displays the status of all G1000 system LRUs.
System Setup Page
• Time display format (local or UTC )
• Flight director format (see AFCS Section)
• Displayed measurement units
• MFD Data Bar (Navigation Status Box) fields
• Baro transition alert (see Flight Instruments
Section)
• GPS Course Deviation Indicator (CDI) range
• Airspace alerts
• Displayed nearest airports
• Audio alert voice
• Altimeter and CDI synchronization
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EICAS
The System Setup Page allows management of the following system parameters:
• COM transceiver channel spacing
Airspace
Alerts Box
MFD Data Bar
Fields Box
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Date/Time Box
GPS CDI Box
Display Units
Box
COM
Configuration
Box
Nearest
Airports Box
AFCS
Audio Alert Voice
Selection
Select Baro
Transition Alert
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
CDI and Altimeter
Baro Sync
APPENDICES
Flight Director
Command Bar Format
INDEX
Figure 1-32 System Setup Page
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Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
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System Overview
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Date/Time
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The Date/Time Box on the System Setup Page displays the current date and time and allows the pilot
to set the time format (local 12-hr, local 24-hr, or UTC) and offset. The time offset is used to define
current local time. UTC (also called “GMT” or “Zulu”) date and time are calculated directly from the GPS
satellites signals and cannot be changed. When using a local time format, designate the offset by adding or
subtracting the desired number of hours.
To set the system time format:
1) While on the System Setup Page, press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
EICAS
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the time format field in the Date/Time Box.
3) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the desired system time format (local 12hr, local 24hr, UTC) and press the
ENT Key.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
To set the current time offset:
1) While on the System Setup Page, press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the time offset field in the Date/Time Box.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
3) Turn the FMS Knobs to enter the time offset and press the ENT Key.
Display Units
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
The Display Units Box on the System Setup Page allows configuration of the measurement units used for
the following displayed data:
• Nav angle (magnetic, true)
Affects the BRG field in the PFD Navigation Status Box.
Affects the BRG, DTK, TKE, TRK, and XTK fields in the MFD Navigation Status Box.
AFCS
When set to ‘AUTO’, magnetic variation is figured into the displayed value. When ‘TRUE’ is selected,
no magnetic variation is calculated and a ‘T’ is displayed next to the value.
• Position (HDDD°MM.MM’ or HDDD°MM’SS.S”)
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Affects all position displays.
To change a Display Units setting:
1) While on the System Setup Page, press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
APPENDICES
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the desired field in the Display Units Box.
3) Turn the small FMS Knob to select from a list of measurement units and press the ENT Key when the desired
unit is highlighted. Press the CLR Key to cancel the action without changing the units.
INDEX
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35
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
System Overview
Airspace Alerts
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The Airspace Alerts Box allows the pilot to turn the controlled/special-use airspace message alerts on
or off. This does not affect the alerts listed on the Nearest Airspaces Page or the airspace boundaries
depicted on the MFD Navigation Map Page. It simply turns on/off the warning provided when the aircraft
is approaching or near an airspace.
EICAS
Alerts for the following airspaces can be turned on/off in the Airspace Alerts Box:
• Class B/TMA
• Restricted
• Class C/TCA
• MOA (Military)
• Class D
• Other airspaces
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
An altitude buffer is also provided which “expands” the vertical range above or below an airspace. For
example, if the buffer is set at 500 feet, and the aircraft is more than 500 feet above/below an airspace, an
alert message is not generated, but if the aircraft is less than 500 feet above/below an airspace and projected
to enter it, the pilot is notified with an alert message. The default setting for the altitude buffer is 200
feet.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
To change the altitude buffer distance setting:
1) While on the System Setup Page, press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the altitude buffer field in the Airspace Alerts Box.
3) Turn the FMS Knobs to enter an altitude buffer value and press the ENT Key.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
To turn an airspace alert on or off:
1) While on the System Setup Page, press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the desired field in the Airspace Alerts Box.
AFCS
3) Turn the small FMS Knob clockwise to turn the airspace alert ON or counterclockwise to turn the alert OFF.
Audio Alerts
The Audio Alert Box on the System Setup Page allows the audio alert voice to be set to male or female.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
To change the audio alert voice:
1) While on the System Setup Page, press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the voice in the Audio Alert Box.
APPENDICES
3) Turn the small FMS Knob to display and highlight the desired voice and press the ENT Key.
Flight Director
Two formats are available for the display of the flight director. Single Cue or X-Pointer may be selected.
INDEX
To change the flight director format:
1) While on the System Setup Page, press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the Format Active field in the Flight Director Box.
3) Turn the small FMS Knob to display and highlight the desired flight director format and press the ENT Key.
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Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
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System Overview
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
MFD Data Bar Fields
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The MFD Data Bar Fields Box on the System Setup Page displays the current configuration of the MFD
Navigation Status Box. By default, the Navigation Status Bar is set to display ground speed (GS), desired
track (DTK), track (TRK), and estimated time enroute (ETE).
To change the information shown in an MFD Navigation Status Bar field:
1) While on the System Setup Page, press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the desired field number in the MFD Data Bar Fields Box.
EICAS
3) Turn the small FMS Knob to display and scroll through the data options list and press the ENT Key when the
desired data selection is highlighted.
The following data may be selected for display in each of the four fields of the Navigation Status Box.
• Track Angle Error (TKE)
• Desired Track (DTK)
• Track (TRK)
• En Route Safe Altitude (ESA)
• Vertical Speed Required (VSR)
• Estimated Time of Arrival (ETA)
• Crosstrack Error (XTK)
• Estimated Time En Route (ETE)
• Fuel Over Destination (FOD)
• Ground Speed (GS)
• Fuel On Board (FOB)
• Minimum Safe Altitude (MSA)
• Endurance (END)
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
• Distance (DIS)
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
• True Air Speed (TAS)
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
• Bearing (BRG)
GPS CDI
AFCS
The GPS CDI Box on the System Setup Page allows the pilot to define the range for the on-screen course
deviation indicator (CDI). The range values represent full range deflection for the CDI to either side. The
default setting is ‘AUTO’. Refer to the Flight Instruments sections for a discussion on CDI scaling.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
If a lower CDI range setting is selected (i.e., 1.0 or 0.3 nm), the higher range settings are not selected
during any phase of flight. For example, if 1.0 nm is selected, the G1000 uses this for en route and terminal
phases and ramps down to 0.3 nm during an approach. Note that the Receiver Autonomous Integrity
Monitoring (RAIM) protection limits follow the selected CDI range and corresponding flight phases.
The GPS CDI Box on the System Setup Page displays the following:
• Selected CDI range (auto, 2 nm, 1 nm, 0.3 nm)
APPENDICES
• Current system CDI range (2 nm, 1 nm, 0.3 nm)
• ILS CDI capture mode setting (auto, manual)
To change the CDI range:
INDEX
1) While on the System Setup Page, press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the selected field in the GPS CDI Box.
3) Turn the small FMS Knob to display and scroll through the range list and press the ENT Key when the desired
selection is highlighted.
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37
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
System Overview
To change the ILS CDI capture setting:
1) While on the System Setup Page, press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the ILS CDI capture field in the GPS CDI Box.
3) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the desired mode and press the ENT Key.
COM Configuration
NOTE: 8.33 kHz VHF communication frequency channel spacing is not approved for use in the United States.
EICAS
Select the 25.0 kHz channel spacing option for use in the United States.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
To change COM channel spacing:
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
The COM Configuration Box on the System Setup Page allows the pilot to select 8.33 kHz or 25.0 kHz
COM frequency channel spacing.
3) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the desired spacing and press the ENT Key.
1) While on the System Setup Page, press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the channel spacing field in the COM Configuration Box.
Nearest Airports
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
The Nearest Airports Box on the System Setup Page defines the minimum runway length and surface type
used when determining the nine nearest airports to display on the MFD Nearest Airports Page. A minimum
runway length and/or surface type can be entered to prevent airports with small runways or runways that
are not of appropriate surface from being displayed. Default settings are zero feet (or meters) for runway
length and “hard/soft” for runway surface type.
To select nearest airport surface matching criteria (any, hard only, hard/soft):
AFCS
1) While on the System Setup Page, press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the runway surface field in the Nearest Airports Box.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
3) Turn the small FMS Knob to display and scroll through the runway options (any, hard only, hard/soft, water) and
press the ENT Key when the desired selection is highlighted.
To select nearest airport minimum runway length matching criteria:
1) While on the System Setup Page, press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
APPENDICES
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the minimum length field in the Nearest Airport Box.
3) Turn the FMS Knobs to enter the minimum runway length (zero to 25,000 feet) and press the ENT Key.
CDI/BARO Synchronization
INDEX
See the Flight Instruments section for a discussion on synchronizing both PFD’s Course Deviation
Indicators and the altimeter barometric settings.
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Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
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System Overview
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
System Status Page
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The System Status Page displays the status and software version numbers for all detected system LRUs.
Pertinent information on all system databases is also displayed. Active LRUs are indicated by green check
marks and failed LRUs are indicated by red “X”s. Failed LRUs should be noted and a Cessna service center
or Garmin dealer informed.
EICAS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure 1-33 Example System Status Page
AFCS
The LRU, ARFRM, and DBASE Softkeys on the System Status Page select the list (LRU Info, Airframe,
or Database) through which the FMS Knob can be used to scroll if all the information cannot appear on the
screen.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
The ANN TEST Softkey, when selected, causes an annunciation test tone to be played and lights all
annunciators on the audio panels, the MFD Control Unit, and the AFCS Control Unit.
APPENDICES
INDEX
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Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
39
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
System Overview
Utility Page
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EICAS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
For flight planning purposes, timers, trip statistics, and a scheduler feature are provided on the AUX - Utility
Page. The timers available include a stopwatch-like generic timer, a total time in flight timer, and a record of the
time of departure. Trip statistics—odometer, trip odometer, and average trip and maximum groundspeeds—
are displayed from the time of the last reset. Refer to the Additional Features section for a dicussion on the
Scheduler feature.
AFCS
Figure 1-34 Utility Page
Timers
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
The generic timer can be set to count up or down from a specified time (HH:MM:SS). When the
countdown on the timer reaches zero the digits begin to count up from zero. If the timer is reset before
reaching zero on a countdown, the digits are reset to the initial value. If the timer is counting up when
reset, the digits are zeroed.
APPENDICES
Setting the generic timer
1) Use the FMS Knob to select the AUX - Utility Page.
2) Press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
3) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the timer counting direction (UP/DN) and press the ENT Key.
INDEX
4) If a desired starting time is desired:
a) Use the large FMS Knob to highlight the HH:MM:SS field.
b) Use the FMS Knob to enter the desired time and press the ENT Key.
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Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
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System Overview
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
5) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘START?’ and press the ENT Key to start the timer. The field changes to
‘STOP?’.
6) To stop the timer, press the ENT Key with ‘STOP?’ highlighted. The field changes to ‘RESET?’.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
7) To reset the timer, press the ENT Key with ‘RESET?’ highlighted. The field changes back to ‘START?’ and the
digits are reset.
The flight timer can be set to count up from zero starting at system power-up or from the time that the
aircraft lifts off; the timer can also be reset to zero at any time.
Setting the flight timer starting criterion
EICAS
1) Use the FMS Knob to select the AUX - Utility Page.
2) Press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the field next to the flight timer.
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the starting criterion (PWR-ON or IN-AIR) and press the ENT Key.
Resetting the flight timer
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
1) Use the FMS Knob to select the AUX - Utility Page.
2) Press the MENU Key.
3) With ‘Reset Flight Timer’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
The G1000 records the time at which departure occurs, depending on whether the pilot prefers the time
to be recorded from system power-up or from aircraft lift off. The displayed departure time can also be reset
to display the current time at the point of reset. The format in which the time is displayed is controlled
from the System Setup Page.
Setting the departure timer starting criterion
1) Use the FMS Knob to select the AUX - Utility Page.
AFCS
2) Press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the field next to the departure time.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the starting criterion (PWR-ON or IN-AIR) and press the ENT Key.
Resetting the departure time
1) Use the FMS Knob to select the AUX - Utility Page.
2) Press the MENU Key.
APPENDICES
3) Use the FMS Knob to highlight ‘Reset Departure Time’ and press the ENT Key.
Trip Statistics
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Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
INDEX
The odometer and trip odometer record the total mileage traveled from the last reset; these odometers can
be reset independently. Resetting the trip odometer also resets the average trip groundspeed. Maximum
groundspeed for the period of time since the last reset is also displayed.
41
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
System Overview
Resetting trip statistics readouts
1) Use the FMS Knob to select the AUX - Utility Page.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
2) Press the MENU Key. The following reset options for trip statistics are displayed:
• Reset Trip ODOM/AVG GS—Resets trip average ground speed readout and odometer
• Reset Odometer—Resets odometer readout only
• Reset Maximum Speed—Resets maximum speed readout only
• Reset All—Resets flight timer, departure timer, odometers, and groundspeed readouts
EICAS
2) Use the FMS Knob to highlight the desired reset option and press the ENT Key. The selected parameters are reset
to zero and begin to display data from the point of reset.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
1.8 Display Backlighting
The G1000 display and control backlighting can be adjusted either automatically or manually. Backlighting
intensity ranges from 0.22% to 100% on the PFDs and 0.80% to 100.00% on the MFD.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Automatic Adjustment
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
The existing instrument panel dimmer bus normally controls the PFD and MFD backlighting as well as the
PFD and MFD bezels, MFD Control Unit, AFCS Control Unit and audio panel key annunciator lighting. When
the dimmer bus is not used by the G1000 system, photocell technology automatically controls backlighting
adjustments. Photocell calibration curves are pre-configured to optimize display appearance through a broad
range of cockpit lighting conditions.
Manual Adjustment
AFCS
NOTE: The avionics dimming knob may also be used to adjust backlighting. Refer to the AFM for details.
NOTE: In normal mode, backlighting can only be adjusted from PFD1 or PFD2. In reversionary mode, it can
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
also be adjusted from the MFD.
NOTE: No other window can be displayed on the PFD while the PFD Setup Menu Window is displayed.
APPENDICES
Backlighting may also be adjusted manually for all of the displays and the associated bezels. The audio panel
key backlighting is directly tied to the on-side PFD key backlighting setting.
Adjust display backlighting manually
INDEX
1) Press the MENU Key on the PFD to display the PFD Setup Menu Window. ‘AUTO’ becomes highlighted to the
right of ‘PFD1 DSPL’.
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Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
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System Overview
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Figure 1-35 Manual Display Backlighting Adjustment
EICAS
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to display the selection box. Turn the FMS Knob to select ‘MANUAL’, then press the
ENT Key. The intensity value becomes highlighted.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
3) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the desired backlighting, then press the ENT Key.
4) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘AUTO’ to the right of ‘MFD DSPL’ or ‘PFD2 DSPL’, respectively, and
repeat steps 2 and 3.
5) Press the CLR or MENU Key to remove the PFD Setup Menu Window from the display.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Adjust key backlighting manually
1) Press the MENU Key on the PFD to display the PFD Setup Menu Window. ‘AUTO’ becomes highlighted to the
right of ‘PFD1 DSPL’.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
AFCS
Figure 1-36 Manual Key Lighting Adjustment
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘PFD1 DSPL’. Turn the small FMS Knob in the direction of the green
arrowhead to display ‘PFD1 KEY’.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘AUTO’ and turn the small FMS Knob to display the selection box.
4) Turn the FMS Knob to select ‘MANUAL’, then press the ENT Key. The intensity value becomes highlighted.
APPENDICES
5) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the desired backlighting, then press the ENT Key.
6) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘MFD DSPL’ or ‘PFD2 DSPL’ and turn the small FMS Knob in the direction
of the green arrowhead to display ‘MFD KEY’ or ‘PFD2 KEY’, respectively.
7) Repeat steps 3 to 5.
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Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
INDEX
8) Press the CLR or MENU Key to remove the PFD Setup Menu Window from the display.
43
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EICAS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
System Overview
Blank Page
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Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
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Flight Instruments
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Section 2 Flight Instruments
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
WARNING: If the airspeed, attitude, altitude, or heading indications become unusable, refer to the backup
instruments.
Note: The Automatic Flight Control System (AFCS) provides additional readouts and bugs on selected flight
instruments. Refer to the AFCS Section for details on these bugs and readouts, as they appear on the display
during certain AFCS flight director modes.
EICAS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Increased situational awareness is provided by replacing the traditional instruments on the panel with two easyto-scan Primary Flight Displays (PFDs) that feature large horizons, airspeed, attitude, altitude, vertical speed, and
course deviation information. In addition to the flight instruments, navigation, communication, terrain, traffic,
and weather information are also presented on the PFDs and explained in other sections of this Pilot’s Guide.
The following flight instruments and supplemental flight data are displayed on the PFDs:
• Airspeed Indicator, showing
• Course Deviation Indicator (CDI)
– Airspeed awareness ranges
• Vertical Deviation, Glideslope,
and Glidepath Indicators
– Mach number
• Vertical Speed Indicator (VSI)
• ISA temperature deviation
– Reference flags
• Horizontal Situation Indicator,
showing
• Wind data
– Barometric setting
– Selected Altitude
• Vertical Navigation indications
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
• Altimeter, showing
– Turn Rate Indicator
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
• Attitude Indicator with slip/skid
indication
• Ram air temperature (RAT)
– Bearing pointers and
information windows
– DME Information Window
AFCS
The PFDs also display various alerts and annunciations.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
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45
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Flight Instruments
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
24
23
22
21
20
1
19
18
2
EICAS
17
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
16
3
15
4
14
5
13
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
6
12
7
11
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
8
9
10
1
NAV Frequency Box
13
Selected Heading Bug
2
Airspeed Indicator
14
Turn Rate Indicator
3
Mach Number
15
Barometric Altimeter Setting
4
Current Heading
16
Vertical Speed Indicator (VSI)
5
Current Track Indicator
17
Selected Altitude Bug
6
Course Deviation Indicator (CDI)
18
Altimeter
7
Horizontal Situation Indicator (HSI)
19
Selected Altitude
8
Ram Air Temperature (RAT)
20
COM Frequency Box
9
ISA Temperature Deviation
21
Navigation Status Box
10
Softkeys
22
AFCS Status Box
11
System Time
23
Slip/Skid Indicator
12
Transponder Status Box
24
Attitude Indicator
INDEX
Figure 2-1 Primary Flight Display (Default)
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Flight Instruments
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
16
15
14
1
EICAS
13
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
12
2
11
10
4
9
5
8
2
Flap Speed Reference
3
Selected Heading
4
Wind Data
5
Inset Map
6
DME Information Window
7
Bearing Information Windows
8
Timer/References Window
Minimum Descent Altitude/
Decision Height
10 Selected Course
9
11
Required Vertical Speed
12
Current Vertical Speed
13
Vertical Deviation Indicator (VDI)
14
Comparator Window
15
VNV Target Altitude
16
AFCS Status Annunciation
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Traffic Annunciation
7
AFCS
1
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
6
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
3
APPENDICES
Figure 2-2 Primary Flight Display (Additional Information)
INDEX
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47
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Flight Instruments
2.1 Flight Instruments
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Airspeed Indicator
Note: Refer to the Airplane Flight Manual (AFM) for speed criteria and Vspeed values.
NOTE: VREF cannot be set above the indicated value for VAPR.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EICAS
The Airspeed Indicator displays airspeed on a rolling number gauge using a moving tape. The numeric labels
and major tick marks on the moving tape are marked at intervals of 10 knots, while minor tick marks on the
moving tape are indicated at intervals of 5 knots. Speed indication starts at 20 knots, with 60 knots of airspeed
viewable at any time. The actual airspeed is displayed inside the black pointer. The pointer remains black until
reaching the high airspeed limit, at which point it turns red along with the Mach number readout.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
The Mach number is displayed below the Airspeed Indicator (see Figure 2-1) for airspeeds at or above Mach
0.4 or at altitudes exceeding 27,120 feet. The color of the readout corresponds to the color of the actual
airspeed pointer.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Airspeed Trend Vector
Actual Airspeed
Vspeed References
Figure 2-4 Red Pointer
Showing Overspeed
AFCS
Reference Approach Speed
Figure 2-3 Airspeed Indicator
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Speeds above the maximum operating speed, VMO or MMO depending on aircraft altitude, appear in the
high speed awareness range, represented on the airspeed tape by red/white barber pole coloration. An aural
overspeed warning tone is generated if the airspeed exceeds the high airspeed limit.
APPENDICES
A red low speed awareness band extends up to the low speed awareness velocity, VLSA. An aural stall warning
is generated and the airspeed pointer turns red if the airspeed falls below VLSA. An open green circle on the
airspeed tape represents 1.3VS1.
INDEX
The Airspeed Trend Vector is a vertical, magenta line, extending up or down on the airspeed scale, located
to the right of the color-coded speed range strip. The end of the trend vector displays approximately what
airspeed will be reached in 6 seconds if the current rate of acceleration is maintained. If the trend vector crosses
VLSA, or VMO/MMO, the text of the actual airspeed readout and the Mach readout changes to yellow. The trend
vector is absent if the speed remains constant or if any data needed to calculate airspeed is not available due to
a system failure.
48
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
190-00494-02 Rev. B
Flight Instruments
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Flap extension maximum speed references (for takeoff/approach, TA, and landing, LD, conditions) are
displayed as flags to the right of the Airspeed Indicator for altitudes below 18,000 feet. These flags cannot be
turned off or modified. The airspeed pointer will turn red upon exceeding these speeds if the flaps are in the
corresponding configuration.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Vspeeds can be changed and their flags along the right of the airspeed scale turned on/off. By default, all
Vspeed values are reset and all flags turned off when power is cycled.
1
VR
R
V2
2
VENR
E
VAPR
AP
VREF
RF
Landing
Takeoff
V1
Figure 2-5 Flap Speed References
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Flag
EICAS
Vspeed
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Table 2-1 Vspeed Flag Labels
Vspeeds are categorized as either takeoff or landing. Takeoff Vspeed flags are automatically turned off when
airspeed reaches 160 knots. The order in which the categories are displayed is determined by whether the
aircraft is on the ground or in the air. If the aircraft is on the ground, the takeoff Vspeeds are displayed at the
top of the Vspeed list. If the aircraft is in the air, the landing Vspeeds are displayed at the top.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Changing Vspeeds and turning flags on/off:
1) Press the TMR/REF Softkey.
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the desired Vspeed.
AFCS
3) Use the small FMS Knob to change the Vspeed in 1-kt increments (when a speed has been changed from a
default value, an asterisk appears next to the speed).
4) Press the ENT Key or turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the ON/OFF field
5) Turn the small FMS Knob clockwise to ON or counterclockwise to OFF.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
6) To remove the window, press the CLR Key or press the TMR/REF Softkey.
APPENDICES
INDEX
Figure 2-6 Takeoff and Landing Vspeeds
(Timer/References Window)
190-00494-02 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
49
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Flight Instruments
Vspeed flags can be turned on or off and values restored all at once or by category (takeoff and landing).
Modifying Vspeeds (on, off, restore defaults):
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
1) Press the TMR/REF Softkey.
2) Press the MENU Key.
3) Turn the FMS Knob to highlight the desired selection.
4) Press the ENT Key.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EICAS
5) To remove the window, press the CLR Key or the TMR/REF Softkey.
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Figure 2-7 Page Menu
(Timer/References Window)
50
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
190-00494-02 Rev. B
Flight Instruments
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Attitude Indicator
Attitude information is displayed over a virtual blue sky and brown ground with a white horizon line. The
Attitude Indicator displays the pitch, roll, and slip/skid information.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
9
8
1
6
3
5
2
Roll Scale
3
Horizon Line
4
5
Aircraft Symbol
(Formatted for Single-cue
Command Bars)
Land Representation
6
Pitch Scale
7
Slip/Skid Indicator
8
Sky Representation
9
Roll Scale Zero
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
4
Roll Pointer
EICAS
7
2
1
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Figure 2-8 Attitude Indicator
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
The horizon line is part of the pitch scale. Above and below the horizon line, major pitch marks and numeric
labels are shown for every 10˚, up to 80˚. Minor pitch marks are shown for intervening 5˚ increments, up to
25˚ below and 45˚ above the horizon line. Between 20˚ below to 20˚ above the horizon line, minor pitch marks
occur every 2.5˚.
The inverted white triangle indicates zero on the roll scale. Major tick marks at 30˚ and 60˚ and minor tick
marks at 10˚, 20˚, and 45˚ are shown to the left and right of the zero. Angle of bank is indicated by the position
of the pointer on the roll scale.
AFCS
The Slip/Skid Indicator is the bar beneath the roll pointer. The indicator moves with the roll pointer and
moves laterally away from the pointer to indicate lateral acceleration. Slip/skid is indicated by the location of
the bar relative to the pointer. One bar displacement is equal to one ball displacement on a traditional Slip/Skid
Indicator.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
Figure 2-9 Slip/Skid Indication
INDEX
190-00494-02 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
51
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Flight Instruments
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The yellow symbolic aircraft on the Attitude Indicator changes appearance based on selection of AFCS flight
director Command Bar format (see the AFCS Section for details). Both PFDs show the same Command Bar
format and Aircraft Symbol. When the single-cue or the cross-pointer Command Bar format is selected, the
Aircraft Symbol appears as shown.
Note: When Synthetic Vision System (SVS) is installed in the G1000 the X-Pointer Command Bars cannot
be used when SVS is in use.
Changing Command Bar and Aircraft Symbol format:
EICAS
1) Use the FMS Knob to select the AUX - System Setup Page on the MFD.
2) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to highlight the desired format.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight Format Active in the Flight Director box.
SNGL CUE to display Command Bars as a single cue.
Or:
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
X-POINTER to display Command Bars as a cross pointer.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Figure 2-10 Flight Director Format
(AUX - System Setup Page)
Figure 2-12 Cross-pointer Aircraft Symbol
INDEX
APPENDICES
Figure 2-11 Single-cue Aircraft Symbol
52
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
190-00494-02 Rev. B
Flight Instruments
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Altimeter
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The Altimeter displays 600 feet of barometric altitude values at a time on a moving tape rolling number gauge.
Numeric labels and major tick marks are shown at intervals of 100 feet. Minor tick marks are at intervals of 20
feet. The indicated altitude is displayed inside the black pointer.
The Selected Altitude is displayed above the Altimeter in the box indicated by a selection bug symbol. A bug
corresponding to this altitude is shown on the tape. If the Selected Altitude exceeds the range shown on the
tape, the bug appears at the upper or lower edge of the tape. When the metric value is selected it is displayed
in a separate box above the Selected Altitude.
EICAS
Setting the Selected Altitude:
T urn the ALT Knob to set the Selected Altitude (large knob for 1000-ft increments, small knob for 100-ft
increments (increments reduce to 10 feet for approach).
Indicated
Altitude
Selected
Altitude
Bug
Indicated
Altitude
(Meters)
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Altitude
Trend
Vector
Selected
Altitude
Selected
Altitude
(Meters)
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Selected
Altitude
Bug
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
If set, the Minimum Descent Altitude/Decision Height (MDA/DH) value is also available for the Selected Altitude.
Barometric
Minimums
Bug
Altimeter Setting (In HG)
AFCS
Barometric
Setting
(Hectopascals)
Barometric
Setting
Altimeter Setting (Metric)
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Figure 2-13 Altimeter Settings, In HG and Metric
APPENDICES
INDEX
190-00494-02 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
53
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Flight Instruments
Altitudes can also be displayed in meters (Figure 2-14). Note that the altitude tape does not change scale.
Displaying altitude in meters:
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
1) Press the PFD Softkey to display the second-level softkeys.
2) Press the ALT UNIT Softkey.
3) Press the METERS Softkey to turn on metric altitude readouts.
EICAS
A magenta Altitude Trend Vector extends up or down the left of the altitude tape, the end resting at the
approximate altitude to be reached in 6 seconds at the current vertical speed. The trend vector is not shown if
altitude remains constant or if data needed for calculation is not available due to a system failure.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
4) Press the BACK Softkey twice to return to the top-level softkeys.
The barometric pressure setting is displayed below the Altimeter in inches of mercury (in Hg) or hectopascals
(hPa) when metric units are selected. Adjusting the altimeter barometric setting creates discontinuities in VNV
vertical deviation, moving the descent path. For large adjustments, it may take several minutes for the aircraft
to re-establish on the descent path. If the change is made while nearing a waypoint with a VNV Target Altitude,
the aircraft may not re-establish on the descent path in time to meet the vertical constraint.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Selecting the altimeter barometric pressure setting:
Turn the BARO Knob to select the desired setting.
Selecting standard barometric pressure (STD BARO):
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Press the BARO Knob to select standard pressure.
Or:
1) Press the PFD Softkey to display the second-level softkeys.
2) Press the STD BARO Softkey.
AFCS
Changing altimeter barometric pressure setting units:
1) Press the PFD Softkey to display the second-level softkeys.
2) Press the ALT UNIT Softkey.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
3) Press the IN Softkey to display the barometric pressure setting in inches of mercury (in Hg).
Or, press the HPA Softkey to display the barometric pressure setting in hectopascals (hPa).
INDEX
APPENDICES
4) Press the BACK Softkey twice to return to the top-level softkeys.
54
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
190-00494-02 Rev. B
Flight Instruments
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
If the barometric altimeter settings differ between PFDs by more than 0.02 in Hg, the readouts turn yellow
(Figure 2-13). The settings can be synchronized from the AUX - System Setup Page on the MFD. Once the
settings are synchronized (BARO SYNC turned on), they remain synchronized for the entire flight.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Synchronizing the altimeter barometric pressure settings:
1) Use the FMS Knob to select the AUX - System Setup Page.
2) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight Baro in the Synchronization box.
EICAS
4) Turn the small FMS Knob clockwise to ON or counterclockwise to OFF.
5) Press the FMS Knob to remove the cursor.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
AFCS
Figure 2-14 Baro Sync Setting
(AUX - System Setup Page)
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
190-00494-02 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
55
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Flight Instruments
A Baro Transition Alert is provided to alert the pilot to change the barometric pressure setting when crossing
the transition altitude (in either direction). This is displayed by the barometric pressure setting flashing light
blue when crossing the transition altitude.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Setting the Baro Transition Alert:
1) Use the FMS Knob to select the AUX - System Setup Page.
2) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ON or OFF in the Baro Transition Alert box.
EICAS
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to turn the alert OFF or ON and press the ENT Key.
5) With the altitude field highlighted, turn the small FMS Knob to set desired altitude and press the ENT Key.
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
6) To cancel the selection, press the FMS Knob.
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Figure 2-15 Baro Transition Alert
(AUX - System Setup Page)
56
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
190-00494-02 Rev. B
Flight Instruments
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Vertical Speed Indicator (VSI)
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The Vertical Speed Indicator (VSI) displays the aircraft vertical speed with numeric labels and tick marks at
2000 and 4000 fpm in each direction on the non-moving tape. Minor tick marks are at intervals of 1000 fpm.
The current vertical speed is displayed in the pointer, which also points to that speed on the non-moving tape.
Digits appear in the pointer when the climb or descent rate is greater than 100 fpm. If the rate of ascent/descent
exceeds 4000 fpm, the pointer appears at the corresponding edge of the tape and the rate appears inside the
pointer.
EICAS
A magenta chevron is displayed as the Required Vertical Speed Indication (RVSI) for reaching a VNV Target
Altitude once the “TOD [Top of Descent] within 1 minute” alert has been generated. See the Flight Management
and AFCS sections for details on VNV features, and refer to Section 2.2, Supplemental Flight Data, for more
information about VNV indications on the PFD.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Vertical Deviation
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
The Vertical Deviation Indicator (VDI) uses a magenta chevron to indicate the baro-VNV vertical deviation
when Vertical Navigation (VNV) is being used; the VDI appears in conjunction with the “TOD within 1 minute”
alert. Full-scale deflection (two dots) is 1000 feet. The VDI is removed from the display if vertical deviation
becomes invalid. See the Flight Management and AFCS sections for details on VNV features, and refer to
Section 2.2, Supplemental Flight Data, for more information about VNV indications on the PFDs.
The Glideslope Indicator appears to the left of the Altimeter whenever an ILS frequency is tuned in the
active NAV field. A green diamond acts as the Glideslope Indicator, like a glideslope needle on a conventional
indicator. If a localizer frequency is tuned and there is no glideslope, “NO GS” is annunciated.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
The glidepath is analogous to the glideslope for GPS approaches supporting WAAS vertical guidance
(LNAV+V, LNAV/VNAV, LPV) and is generated by the system to reduce pilot workload during approach. When
an approach of this type is loaded into the flight plan and GPS is the selected navigation source, the Glidepath
Indicator appears as a magenta diamond. If the approach type downgrades past the final approach fix (FAF),
“NO GP” is annunciated.
AFCS
VNV
Target
Altitude
Marker
Beacon
Annunciation
Vertical
Deviation
Indicator
190-00494-02 Rev. B
Figure 2-17 Glideslope
Indicator
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
INDEX
Figure 2-16 Vertical Speed and
Deviation Indicators (VSI and VDI)
Glidepath
Indicator
Glideslope
Indicator
APPENDICES
Required
Vertical
Speed
Indicator
Vertical
Speed
Pointer
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Vertical
Speed
Indicator
Figure 2-18 Glidepath
Indicator
57
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Flight Instruments
Horizontal Situation Indicator (HSI)
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The Horizontal Situation Indicator (HSI) displays a rotating compass card in a heading-up orientation. Letters
indicate the cardinal points and numeric labels occur every 30˚. Major tick marks are at 10˚ intervals and minor
tick marks at 5˚ intervals. The HSI presents heading, turn rate, course deviation, bearing, and navigation source
information in a 360˚ compass-rose format.
EICAS
The HSI contains a Course Deviation Indicator (CDI) with a course pointer arrow, a To/From arrow, a sliding
deviation bar, and scale. The course pointer is a single line arrow (GPS, VOR1, and LOC1) or a double line
arrow (VOR2 and LOC2) which points in the direction of the set course. The To/From arrow rotates with the
course pointer and is displayed when the active NAVAID is received.
16
15
14
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
1
2
13
3
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
4
5
12
6
11
7
10
8
9
1
Turn Rate Indicator
9
To/From Indicator
2
Selected Heading
10
Course Pointer
3
Current Track Indicator
11
Selected Heading Bug
4
Lateral Deviation Scale
12
Flight Phase
5
Navigation Source
13
Selected Course
6
Aircraft Symbol
14
7
Course Deviation Indicator
(CDI)
Rotating Compass Rose
16
8
Turn Rate/Heading
Trend Vector
15 Current Heading
Lubber Line
INDEX
APPENDICES
Figure 2-19 Horizontal Situation Indicator (HSI)
58
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
190-00494-02 Rev. B
Flight Instruments
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
A digital reading of the current heading appears on top of the HSI. The current track is represented on the
HSI by a magenta diamond bug. To the upper left of the HSI, the Selected Heading is shown in light blue; the
light blue bug on the compass rose corresponds to the Selected Heading. The Selected Course is shown to the
upper right of the HSI. The color of the Selected Course corresponds to the selected navigation source: magenta
for GPS or green for NAV (VOR, LOC).
Current Heading
Current Track
Indicator
Selected
Course
Selected
Heading
EICAS
Selected
Heading
Bug
Figure 2-20 Heading and Course Indications
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Adjusting the Selected Heading:
Turn the HDG Knob to set the Selected Heading on both PFDs.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Press the HDG Knob to synchronize the bug to the current heading.
Adjusting the Selected Course:
Turn the CRS Knob to set the Selected Course (for each PFD).
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Press the CRS Knob to re-center the CDI and return the course pointer to the bearing of the active waypoint or
navigation station (see OBS Mode for adjusting a GPS course).
AFCS
The heading displayed on the HSI and all other navigation angles (track, heading, course, bearing) are
magnetic when the NAV ANGLE is set to Magnetic on the AUX - System Setup Page. When True is selected, all
navigation angles and the HSI display a T next to the angle value. When an approach referenced to true north
has been loaded into the flight plan, the system generates a message alerting the pilot to switch the NAV ANGLE
setting to True at the appropriate time.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Figure 2-21 Heading and Course Indications (True)
APPENDICES
INDEX
190-00494-02 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
59
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Flight Instruments
Changing the navigation angle setting:
1) Use the FMS Knob to select the AUX - System Setup Page on the MFD.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
2) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight Nav Angle in the Display Units box.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EICAS
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to highlight the desired setting and press the ENT Key.
INDEX
APPENDICES
Figure 2-22 Navigation Angle Settings
(AUX - System Setup Page)
60
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
190-00494-02 Rev. B
Flight Instruments
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Turn Rate Indicator
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The Turn Rate Indicator is located directly above the rotating compass card. Tick marks to the left and right
of the lubber line denote half-standard and standard turn rates. A magenta Turn Rate Trend Vector shows the
current turn rate. The end of the trend vector gives the heading predicted in 6 seconds, based on the present
turn rate. A standard-rate turn is shown on the indicator by the trend vector stopping at the standard turn
rate tick mark, corresponding to a predicted heading of 18˚ from the current heading. At rates greater than 4
deg/sec, an arrowhead appears at the end of the magenta trend vector and the prediction is no longer valid.
EICAS
Half-std Turn Rate
Arrow Shown for
Turn Rate > 4 deg/sec
Std Turn Rate
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Figure 2-23 Turn Rate Indicator and Trend Vector
Bearing Pointers and Information Windows
Frequency
Bearing 1
Pointer
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Tuning Mode
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Two bearing pointers and associated information can be displayed on the HSI for NAV, GPS, and ADF
sources. The pointers are light blue and are single- (BRG1) or double-lined (BRG2); an icon is shown in the
respective information window to indicate the pointer type. The bearing pointers never override the CDI
and are visually separated from the CDI by a white ring (shown when bearing pointers are selected but not
necessarily visible due to data unavailability).
Bearing 2
Pointer
Distance
AFCS
DME Information Window
Distance to
Bearing Source
No
Waypoint
Selected
Station
Identifier
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Pointer
Icon
Pointer
Icon
Bearing 1 Information Window
Bearing
Source
APPENDICES
Bearing
Source
Bearing 2 Information Window
Figure 2-24 HSI with Bearing and DME Information
190-00494-02 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
INDEX
When a bearing pointer is displayed, its associated information window is also displayed. The Bearing
Information windows (Figure 2-24) are displayed to the lower sides of the HSI and show:
61
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Flight Instruments
• Bearing source (NAV, GPS, ADF)
• Pointer icon (single line for BRG1, double line for BRG2)
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
• Frequency (NAV, ADF)
• Station/waypoint identifier (NAV, GPS)
• GPS-derived great circle distance to bearing source
EICAS
If the NAV radio is the bearing source and is tuned to an ILS frequency, the bearing pointer is removed from
the HSI and the frequency is replaced with ILS. When NAV1 or NAV2 is the selected bearing source, the
frequency is replaced by the station identifier when the station is within range. If GPS is the bearing source,
the active waypoint identifier is displayed in lieu of a frequency.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Under the following conditions, the bearing pointer is removed from the HSI and NO DATA is displayed
in the information window:
• The NAV radio is not receiving the tuned VOR station
• GPS is the bearing source and an active waypoint is not selected
Selecting bearing display and changing sources:
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
1) Press the PFD Softkey.
2) Press a BRG Softkey to display the desired bearing pointer and information window with a NAV source.
3) Press the BRG Softkey again to change the bearing source to GPS.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
4) Press the BRG Softkey a third time to change the bearing source to ADF.
5) To remove the bearing pointer and information window, press the BRG Softkey again.
DME Information Window
AFCS
The DME Information Window is displayed above the BRG1 Information Window on the HSI. It shows
the DME label, tuning mode (NAV1, NAV2, or HOLD), frequency, and distance. When a signal is invalid,
the distance is replaced by –.– – NM Refer to the Audio Panel and CNS Section for information on tuning
the DMEs.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Displaying the DME Information Window:
1) Press the PFD Softkey.
2) Press the DME Softkey to display the DME Information Window above the BRG1 Information Window.
INDEX
APPENDICES
3) To remove the DME Information Window, press the DME Softkey again.
62
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
190-00494-02 Rev. B
Flight Instruments
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Course Deviation Indicator (CDI)
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The Course Deviation Indicator (CDI) moves left or right from the course pointer along a lateral deviation
scale to display aircraft position relative to the course. If the course deviation data is not valid, the CDI is not
displayed.
Flight Phase
Navigation Source
EICAS
Scale
Crosstrack Error
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
CDI
Figure 2-25 Course Deviation Indicator
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
The CDI can display two sources of navigation: GPS or NAV (VOR, localizer). Color indicates the current
navigation source: magenta (for GPS) or green (for VOR and LOC); the Selected Course readout also follows
these color indications. When coupled to GPS, the full scale limits for the CDI are defined by a GPS-derived
distance. When coupled to a VOR or localizer (LOC), the CDI has the same angular limits as a mechanical CDI.
If the CDI exceeds the maximum deviation on the scale (two dots) while coupled to GPS, the crosstrack error
(XTK) is displayed below the white aircraft symbol.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
AFCS
Navigation Source
Selected on Both PFDs
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
Figure 2-26 Navigation Sources
INDEX
190-00494-02 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
63
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Changing navigation sources:
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Flight Instruments
2) Press the CDI Softkey again to change from VOR1 or LOC1 to VOR2 or LOC2. This places the light blue tuning
box over the NAV2 standby frequency.
1) Press the CDI Softkey to change from GPS to VOR1 or LOC1. This places the light blue tuning box over the
NAV1 standby frequency in the upper left corner of the PFD.
3) Press the CDI Softkey a third time to return to GPS.
NAV1 Selected for Tuning
and Navigating a VOR
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EICAS
NAV2 Selected for Tuning
and Navigating an ILS
VOR1
Selected
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
GPS
Selected
LOC2
Selected
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Pressing the CDI Softkey
Cycles through Navigation
Sources
Figure 2-27 Selecting a Navigation Source
AFCS
The system automatically switches from GPS to LOC navigation source and changes the CDI scaling
accordingly when all of the following occur:
• A localizer or ILS approach has been loaded into the active flight plan
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
• The final approach fix (FAF) is the active leg, the FAF is less than 15 nm away, and the aircraft is moving
toward the FAF
• A valid localizer frequency has been tuned
• The GPS CDI deviation is less than 1.2 times full-scale deflection
INDEX
APPENDICES
GPS steering guidance is still provided after the CDI automatically switches to LOC until LOC capture, up
to the Final Approach Fix (FAF) for an ILS approach, or until GPS information becomes invalid. Activating a
Vector-to-Final (see the Flight Management Section) also causes the CDI to switch to LOC navigation source;
GPS steering guidance is not provided after this switch.
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Flight Instruments
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
If the same VOR/LOC navigation source is selected on both PFDs, the navigation source annunciation turns
yellow on both displays (unless synchronized). Once the CDIs are synchronized (CDI turned on), they remain
synchronized for the entire flight. Synchronization setting is maintained through power cycles.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Synchronizing the CDIs:
1) Use the FMS Knob to select the AUX - System Setup Page.
2) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight CDI in the Synchronization box.
EICAS
4) Turn the small FMS Knob clockwise to ON or counterclockwise to OFF.
5) Press the FMS Knob to remove the cursor.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
AFCS
Figure 2-28 CDI Sync Setting
(AUX - System Setup Page)
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
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65
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Flight Instruments
GPS CDI Scaling
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
When GPS is the selected navigation source, the flight plan legs are sequenced automatically and
annunciations appear on the HSI for the flight phase. Flight phase annunciations are normally shown in
magenta, but when cautionary conditions exist the color changes to yellow. If the current leg in the flight plan
is a heading leg, HDG LEG is annunciated in magenta beneath the aircraft symbol.
EICAS
The current GPS CDI scale setting is displayed as System CDI on the AUX - System Setup Page and the fullscale deflection setting may also be changed (2.0 nm, 1.0 nm, 0.3 nm, or Auto) from this page. If the selected
scaling is smaller than the automatic setting for enroute and terminal phases, the CDI is scaled accordingly and
the selected setting is be displayed rather than the flight phase annunciation. Receiver Autonomous Integrity
Monitoring (RAIM) protection limits follow the selected CDI scale and corresponding flight phases.
Changing the selected GPS CDI setting:
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
1) Use the FMS Knob to select the AUX - System Setup Page on the MFD.
2) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight Selected in the GPS CDI box.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to highlight the desired setting and press the ENT Key.
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
5) To cancel the selection, press the FMS Knob or the CLR Key.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Figure 2-29 GPS CDI Settings
(AUX - System Setup Page)
INDEX
APPENDICES
When set to Auto (default), the GPS CDI scale automatically adjusts to the desired limits based upon the
current phase of flight (Figure 2-30, Table 2-2).
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Enroute
(Oceanic if >200 nm
from nearest airport)
Terminal
Approach
0.3 nm
1.0 nm
1.0 nm
2.0 nm
0.3 nm
1.0 nm
Terminal
Refer to accompanying
approach CDI scaling figures
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Departure
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
CDI Full-scale Deflection
Flight Instruments
Missed
Approach
EICAS
Figure 2-30 Automatic CDI Scaling
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
• Once a departure procedure is activated, the CDI is scaled for departure (0.3 nm).
• The system switches from departure to terminal CDI scaling (1.0 nm) under the following conditions:
- The next leg in the departure procedure is not aligned with the departure runway
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
- The next leg in the departure procedure is not a CA, CD, CF, CI, CR, DF, FA, FC, FD, FM, IF, or TF leg
- After any leg in the departure procedure that is not a CA or FA leg
• At 30 nm from the departure airport the enroute phase of flight is automatically entered and CDI scaling
changes to 2.0 nm over a distance of 1.0 nm, except under the following conditions:
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
- When navigating with an active departure procedure, the flight phase and CDI scale does not change
until the aircraft arrives at the last departure waypoint (if more than 30 nm from the departure airport) or
the leg after the last departure waypoint has been activated or a direct-to waypoint is activated.
• If after completing the departure procedure the nearest airport is more than 200 nm away from the aircraft
and the approach procedure has not yet commenced, the CDI is scaled for oceanic flight (2.0 nm).
AFCS
• Within 31 nm of the destination airport (terminal area), the CDI scale gradually ramps down from 2.0 nm
to 1.0 nm over a distance of 1.0 nm, except under the following conditions:
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
- When navigating with an active arrival route, the flight phase and CDI scale does not change until the
aircraft arrives at the first waypoint in the arrive route (if within 31 nm from the destination airport).
• During approach, the CDI scale ramps down even further (see Figures 2-31 and 2-32). This transition
normally occurs within 2.0 nm of the Final Approach Fix (FAF). The CDI switches to approach scaling
automatically once the approach procedure is active or if Vectors-To-Final (VTF) are selected.
APPENDICES
- If the active waypoint is the FAF, the ground track and the bearing to the FAF must be within 45° of the
final approach segment course.
- If the active waypoint is part of the missed approach procedure, the active leg and the preceding missed
approach legs must be aligned with the final approach segment course and the aircraft must not have
passed the turn initiation point.
INDEX
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67
2 nm
FAF
CDI scale varies if VTF is activated
0.3 nm
1.0 nm
2 nm
FAF
EICAS
angle based
on database
information
course width
angle set
by system
CDI Full-scale Deflection
0.3 nm
1.0 nm
CDI scale is set to the smaller of 0.3 nm
or an angle set by the system
350 ft
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
CDI Full-scale Deflection
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Flight Instruments
Landing
Threshold
CDI scale varies if VTF is activated
Figure 2-31 Typical LNAV and LNAV+V Approach CDI Scaling
Figure 2-32 Typical LNAV/VNAV and LPV Approach CDI Scaling
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
• When a missed approach is activated, the CDI scale changes to 0.3 nm.
• The system automatically switches back to terminal mode under the following conditions:
- The next leg in the missed approach procedure is not aligned with the final approach path
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
- The next leg in the missed approach procedure is not a CA, CD, CF, CI, CR, DF, FA, FC, FD, FM, IF, or TF leg
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
- After any leg in the missed approach procedure that is not a CA or FA leg
Flight Phase
Departure
Terminal
Enroute
Oceanic
Annunciation*
DPRT
TERM
ENR
OCN
Approach
(Non-precision)
LNAV
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
Approach
(Non-precision with
Vertical Guidance)
Approach
(LNAV/VNAV)
Approach
(LPV)
Missed Approach
Automatic CDI Full-scale Deflection
0.3 nm
1.0 nm
2.0 nm
2.0 nm
1.0 nm decreasing to 350 feet depending on
variables (see Figure 2-31)
LNAV + V
L/VNAV
LPV
MAPR
1.0 nm decreasing to a specified course width, then
0.3 nm, depending on variables (see Figure 2-32)
0.3 nm
APPENDICES
* Flight phase annunciations are normally shown in magenta, but when cautionary
conditions exist the color changes to yellow.
INDEX
Table 2-2 Automatic GPS CDI Scaling
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Flight Instruments
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
OBS Mode
NOTE: VNV is inhibited while automatic waypoint sequencing has been suspended.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Enabling Omni-bearing Selector (OBS) Mode suspends the automatic sequencing of waypoints in a GPS
flight plan (GPS must be the selected navigation source), but retains the current Active-to waypoint as the
navigation reference even after passing the waypoint. OBS is annunciated to the lower right of the aircraft
symbol when OBS Mode is selected.
EICAS
While OBS Mode is enabled, a course line is drawn through the Active-to waypoint on the moving map. If
desired, the course to/from the waypoint can now be adjusted. When OBS Mode is disabled, the GPS flight
plan returns to normal operation with automatic sequencing of waypoints, following the course set in OBS
Mode. The flight path on the moving map retains the modified course line.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
OBS Course
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
GPS
Selected
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
OBS
Mode
Enabled
Extended
Course Line
Pressing the OBS
Softkey Again, Returns
to Normal Operation
AFCS
Pressing the OBS
Softkey Suspends
Waypoint Sequencing
Figure 2-33 Omni-bearing Selector (OBS) Mode
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
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69
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Flight Instruments
Enabling/disabling OBS Mode while navigating a GPS flight plan:
1) Press the OBS Softkey to select OBS Mode.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
2) Turn a CRS Knob to select the desired course to/from the waypoint. Press a CRS Knob to synchronize the
Selected Course with the bearing to the next waypoint.
3) Press the OBS Softkey again to return to automatic waypoint sequencing.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EICAS
As the aircraft crosses the missed approach point (MAP), automatic approach waypoint sequencing is
suspended. SUSP appears on the HSI at the lower right of the aircraft symbol in place of OBS and the OBS
Softkey label changes to SUSP. Pressing the SUSP Softkey resumes automatic sequencing of approach
waypoints.
Pressing the SUSP Softkey
Suspends Automatic Waypoint
Sequencing
SUSP
Annunciation
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
Figure 2-34 Suspending Automatic Waypoint Sequencing
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Flight Instruments
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
2.2 Supplemental Flight Data
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Note: Pressing the DFLTS Softkey turns off metric Altimeter display, the Inset Map and wind data display.
In addition to the flight instruments, the PFD also displays various supplemental information, including
temperatures, wind data, and Vertical Navigation (VNV) indications.
Temperature Displays
EICAS
The Ram Air Temperature (RAT) and deviation from International Standard Atmosphere (ISA) temperature
are displayed in the lower left of the PFD under normal conditions, or underneath the Airspeed Indicator in
reversionary display mode. Both are displayed in degrees Celsius (°C).
Normal Display
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
AFCS
Reversionary Mode
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
190-00494-02 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
INDEX
Figure 2-35 Ram Air Temperature and ISA Temperature Deviation
71
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Flight Instruments
Wind Data
Option 1
Option 2
Option 3
No Data
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EICAS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Wind direction and speed (relative to the aircraft) can be displayed in a window to the upper left of the HSI.
When the window is selected for display, but wind information is invalid or unavailable, the window shows
“NO WIND DATA”.
Figure 2-36 Wind Data
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Displaying wind data:
1) Press the PFD Softkey.
2) Press the WIND Softkey to display wind data below the Selected Heading.
3) Press one of the OPTN softkeys to change how wind data is displayed:
AFCS
• OPTN 1: Headwind/tailwind and crosswind components
• OPTN 2: Wind direction arrow with respect to heading and speed
• OPTN 3: Wind direction arrow with heading in degrees and speed
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
4) To remove the window, press the OFF Softkey.
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Flight Instruments
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Vertical Navigation (VNV) Indications
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
When a VNV flight plan has been activated, VNV indications (VNV Target Altitude, RVSI, VDI) appear on the
PFD in conjunction with the “TOD within 1 minute” message and “Vertical track” voice alert. See the Flight
Management and AFCS sections for details on VNV features. VNV indications are removed from the PFD
according to the criteria listed in the table.
Top of Descent Message
EICAS
VNV Target
Altitude
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Vertical Deviation
Indicator
Required Vertical
Speed Indicator
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
GPS is Selected
Navigation Source
Enroute Phase
of Flight
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure 2-37 Vertical Navigation Indications (PFD)
AFCS
VNV Indication Removed
Criteria
Required Vertical
Vertical
VNV Target
Speed (RVSI)
Deviation (VDI)
Altitude*
Aircraft > 1 min before the next TOD and not on a descent leg
X
X
X
Aircraft > 1 min before the next TOD due to flight plan change
X
X
X
VNV cancelled (CNCL VNV Softkey selected on MFD)
X
X
X
Distance to active waypoint cannot be computed due to
unsupported flight plan leg type (see Flight Management
X
X
X
Section)
Aircraft > 250 feet below active VNV Target Altitude
X
X
X
Current crosstrack or track angle error has exceeded limit
X
X
X
Active altitude-constrained waypoint can not be reached within
X
X
maximum allowed flight path angle and vertical speed
X
Last altitude-constrained waypoint in active flight plan reached
X
X
(30 sec before)
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
* If the flight director has been engaged to fly a VNV flight plan, the VNV Target Altitude being held remains displayed
while on level flight plan legs.
Table 2-3 VNV Indication Removal Criteria
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73
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Flight Instruments
2.3 PFD Annunciations and Alerting Functions
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The following annunciations and alerting functions are displayed on the PFD. Refer to the EICAS Section
for information on the Crew Alerting System (CAS) and to Appendix A for more information on alerts and
annunciations.
System Alerting
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EICAS
The System Messages Window conveys messages to the flight crew regarding problems with the G1000
System. When a new message is issued, the MSG Softkey flashes to alert the flight crew. It continues to flash
until selected, which opens the System Messages Window and acknowledges the message(s) which initiated
the flashing. When the window is open, messages for which the trigger conditions no longer exist turn gray.
Messages generated while the window is open are not automatically displayed, but cause the MSG Softkey to
begin flashing again. Pressing the MSG Softkey while the System Messages Window is open closes the window,
unless the MSG Softkey is flashing.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Critical values generated by redundant sensors are monitored by comparators. If differences in the sensors
exceed a specified amount, the Comparator Window appears in the upper right corner of the PFD and the
discrepancy is annunciated in the Comparator Window as a MISCOMP (miscompare). If one or both of the
sensed values are unavailable, it is annunciated as a NO COMP (no compare).
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Reversionary sensor selection is annunciated in a window on the right side of the PFD. These annunciations
reflect reversionary sensors selected on one or both PFDs. Pressing the SENSOR Softkey accesses the ADC1,
ADC2, AHRS1, and AHRS2 softkeys. These softkeys allow switching of the sensors being viewed on each
PFD. With certain types of sensor failures, the G1000 may make some sensor selections automatically. The GPS
sensor cannot be switched manually.
Comparator Window
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
Reversionary Sensor Window
APPENDICES
System Messages Window
Softkey Flashes for New Message
INDEX
Figure 2-38 G1000 Alerting System
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Flight Instruments
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Marker Beacon Annunciations
Outer Marker
Middle Marker
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Marker Beacon Annunciations are displayed on the PFD to the left of the Selected Altitude. Outer marker
reception is indicated in blue, middle in amber, and inner in white. Refer to the Audio Panel and CNS Section
for more information on Marker Beacon Annunciations.
Inner Marker
EICAS
Altimeter
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Figure 2-39 Marker Beacon Annunciations
Traffic Annunciation
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
The G1000 System displays traffic symbolically on the Inset Map (PFD), the Navigation Map Page (MFD), and
various other MFD page maps. Refer to the Hazard Avoidance Section and Appendix F for more details about
the Traffic Information Service (TIS). When a Traffic Advisory (TA) is detected, the following automatically
occurs:
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
• The PFD Inset Map is enabled, displaying traffic
• A flashing black-on-yellow TRAFFIC annunciation appears to the top left of the Attitude Indicator for 5
seconds and remains displayed until no TAs are detected in the area
• A single “TRAFFIC” aural alert is generated
If additional TAs appear, new aural and visual alerts are generated.
AFCS
TAWS Annunciations
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Terrain Awareness and Warning System (TAWS) annunciations appear on the PFD to the upper left of the
Altimeter (also where the marker beacon annunciations appear). Refer to the Hazard Avoidance Section and
Appendix A for information on TAWS alerts and annunciations.
APPENDICES
Figure 2-40 Traffic and Example TAWS Annunciations
INDEX
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75
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Flight Instruments
Minimum Descent Altitude/Decision Height Alerting
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
For altitude awareness, a barometric Minimum Descent Altitude (MDA) or Decision Height (DH), based on
barometric altitude can be set. When active, the altitude setting is displayed to the lower left of the Altimeter
and with a bug at the corresponding altitude along the Altimeter (once the altitude is within the range of the
tape).
The following visual annunciations alert the pilot when approaching the MDA or DH:
• When the aircraft altitude descends to within 2500 feet of the MDA/DH setting, the BARO MIN box appears
with the altitude in light blue text. The bug appears on the altitude tape in light blue once in range.
EICAS
• When the aircraft passes through 100 feet of the MDA/DH, the bug and text turn white.
• Once the aircraft reaches the MDA/DH, the bug and text turn yellow and the aural alert, “Minimums
Minimums”, is generated.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Alerting is inhibited while the aircraft is on the ground and until the aircraft reaches 150 feet above the setting
for the alert. If the aircraft proceeds to climb after having reached the MDA/DH, once it reaches 50 feet above
the MDA/DH, alerting is disabled.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Light Blue Within 2500 ft
White Within 100 ft
Yellow When Altitude Reached
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Barometric
Minimum
Bug
AFCS
Barometric
Minimum
Box
Figure 2-41 Barometric MDA/DH Alerting Visual Annunciations
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
The MDA/DH may be set from either PFD and is synchronized on both PFDs. The function is reset when the
power is cycled.
Setting the barometric minimum descent altitude/decision height and bug:
1) Press the TMR/REF Softkey.
APPENDICES
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the Minimums field.
3) Turn the small FMS Knob to select BARO. OFF is selected by default. Press the ENT Key or turn the large FMS
Knob to highlight the next field.
4) Use the small FMS Knob to enter the desired altitude (from zero to 16,000 feet).
INDEX
5) To remove the window, press the CLR Key or the TMR/REF Softkey.
Figure 2-42 MDA/DH Setting (Timer/References Window)
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Flight Instruments
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Altitude Alerting
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The Altitude Alerting function provides visual and audio alerts when approaching the Selected Altitude.
Whenever the Selected Altitude is changed, Altitude Alerting is reset. Altitude Alerting is based on the altitude
information shown on the PFD selected with the XFR Key on the AFCS Control Unit. Altitude Alerting is
independent of the AFCS.
Pilot-side PFD Selected
EICAS
Copilot-side PFD Selected
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Figure 2-43 PFD Selection Indications
The following occur when approaching the Selected Altitude:
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
• Upon passing through 1000 feet of the Selected Altitude, the Selected Altitude Box changes to black text on
a light blue background, flashes for 5 seconds, and an aural tone is generated.
• When the aircraft passes within 200 feet of the Selected Altitude, the Selected Altitude changes to light blue
text on a black background and flashes for 5 seconds.
Within 1000 feet
Within 200 feet
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
• After reaching the Selected Altitude, if the aircraft flies outside the deviation band (±200 feet of the Selected
Altitude), the Selected Altitude Box changes to yellow text on a black background, flashes for 5 seconds, and
an aural tone is generated.
Deviation of ±200 feet
AFCS
Figure 2-44 Altitude Alerting Visual Annunciations
Low Altitude Annunciation
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
NOTE: This annunciation is only shown if TAWS is inhibited.
APPENDICES
When the Final Approach Fix (FAF) is the active waypoint in a GPS WAAS approach using vertical guidance,
a Low Altitude Annunciation may appear if the current aircraft altitude is at least 164 feet below the prescribed
altitude at the FAF. A black-on-yellow LOW ALT annunciation appears to the top right of the Altimeter, flashing
for several seconds then remaining displayed until the condition is resolved.
INDEX
Altimeter
Figure 2-45 Low Altitude on GPS WAAS Approach
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77
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Flight Instruments
2.4 Abnormal Operations
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Abnormal GPS Conditions
The annunciations listed in the table can appear on the HSI when abnormal GPS conditions occur. Refer to
the Flight Management Section for more information on Dead Reckoning Mode.
Annunciation
EICAS
LOI
WARN
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
INTEG OK
DR
Location
Lower left of
aircraft symbol
Lower left of
aircraft symbol
Lower left of
aircraft symbol
Upper right of
aircraft symbol
Description
Loss of Integrity Monitoring–GPS integrity is insufficient for the current
phase of flight
Warning–RAIM function detects excessive GPS position errors
Integrity OK–GPS integrity has been restored to within normal limits
(annunciation displayed for 5 seconds)
Dead Reckoning–System is using projected position rather than GPS position
to compute navigation data and sequence active flight plan waypoints
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Table 2-4 Abnormal GPS Conditions Annunciated on HSI
Figure 2-46 Example HSI Annunciations
AFCS
Dead Reckoning Mode causes the CDI to be removed from the display (when GPS is the selected navigation
source) and the following items on the PFD to be shown in yellow:
• Current Track Indicator
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
• Wind Data (calculated based on GPS information)
• Distances in the Bearing Information windows
• GPS bearing pointers
INDEX
APPENDICES
These items should be verified when operating in Dead Reckoning Mode.
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Flight Instruments
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Unusual Attitudes
When the aircraft enters an unusual pitch attitude, red extreme pitch warning chevrons pointing toward the
horizon are displayed on the Attitude Indicator, starting at 50˚ above and 30˚ below the horizon line.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
EICAS
Nose Low
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Nose High
Figure 2-47 Pitch Attitude Warnings
• System Time
• AFCS Annunciations
• PFD Setup Menu
• Minimum Descent Altitude/
Decision Height readout
• Flight director Command Bars
• Windows displayed in the lower
right corner of the PFD:
• Vertical Deviation, Glideslope,
and Glidepath Indicators
• Inset Map
• Altimeter Barometric Setting
• DME Information Window
– Nearest Airports
• Selected Altitude
• Wind data
– Flight Plan
• VNV Target Altitude
• Selected Heading Box
– Messages
• Selected Course Box
– Procedures
• Transponder Status Box
– ADF/DME Tuning
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
– Timer/References
AFCS
• Temperatures
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
• Traffic Annunciations
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
If pitch exceeds +30˚/-20˚ or bank exceeds 65˚, some information displayed on the PFD is removed. The
Altimeter and Airspeed, Attitude, Vertical Speed, and Horizontal Situation indicators remain on the display
and the Bearing Information, Alerts, and Annunciation windows can be displayed during such situations. The
following information is removed from the PFD (and corresponding softkeys are disabled) when the aircraft
experiences unusual attitudes:
APPENDICES
INDEX
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79
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EICAS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Flight Instruments
Blank Page
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Engine Indication & Crew Alerting System
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Section 3 Engine Indication & Crew Alerting System (EICAS)
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Note: Refer to the Airplane Flight Manual (AFM) for limitations.
The Cessna Citation Mustang’s Engine Indication and Crew Alerting System (EICAS) offers improved flight
operations and reduces crew workload by automatically monitoring critical system parameters and providing
system alerts during all phases of flight. In combination with the EICAS, aural alerts, additional avionics messages,
and master indicators are used to inform the crew of aberrant flight conditions. The EICAS is also designed to
provide an improved level of maintenance data for the ground crew.
EICAS
The EICAS can be divided into two major functions:
• The Engine Indication System (EIS) displays electrical, fuel, engine, pressurization, and flight control
information.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
• The Crew Alerting System (CAS) displays advisories, cautions, and warnings to communicate conditions,
statuses, and system failures. CAS messages are grouped by level of importance and color-coded based on
urgency in the CAS pane in the lower left of the EICAS Display.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
EICAS information is normally displayed on the left side of the Multi Function Display (MFD).
EICAS Display
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
190-00494-02 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
INDEX
Figure 3-1 Multi Function Display (Normal)
81
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Engine Indication & Crew Alerting System
In the event of a display failure, depending on the failed display(s), the remaining display(s) may be reconfigured to present Primary Flight Display (PFD) symbology together with EICAS information (refer to the
System Overview for more information about reversionary mode).
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
In reversionary mode, the data is pared down to a single column on any display. The N1, N2, and ITT
indicators are presented in the same way, but all other parameters are shown as readouts only. The following are
not shown:
• Total fuel
• Battery current
• Cabin altitude rate
• Aileron and rudder trim
EICAS
• Destination elevation
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
The CAS is moved to a window on the right side of the display. CAS messages are treated in the same way as
they are during normal display. Messages are prioritized by criticality.
CAS
Window
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
EIS
Display
INDEX
APPENDICES
Figure 3-2 Reversionary Mode
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Engine Indication & Crew Alerting System
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
3.1 Engine Indication System (EIS)
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
5
1
1
EICAS
6
2
5
7
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
3
6
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
8
2
4
3
7
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
9
8
10
10
AFCS
Figure 3-3 EICAS Display (Normal Mode)
Figure 3-4 EIS Display (Reversionary Mode)
6
Engine High Pressure Turbine Rotation Speed
2
Oil Pressure and Temperature
7
Electrical Display
3
Fuel Display
8
Pressurization Display
4
CAS Display (refer to Section 3.2)
9
Trim Indicator
5
Interstage Turbine Temperature
10
Flap Indicator
APPENDICES
Engine Fan Rotation Speed
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
1
INDEX
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83
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Engine Indication & Crew Alerting System
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
EIS information is presented using horizontal and vertical bar indicators and digital readouts. Green ranges on
the instrument scales indicate normal ranges of operation; yellow and red bands indicate caution and warning,
respectively. During normal operating conditions, an instrument’s pointer appears in white or green and readout
text is green. Refer to each instrument description for additional details on display behavior.
EICAS
When an unsafe operating condition occurs, the pointer and readout color change to indicate a caution (yellow)
or warning (red). If the time limit for an unsafe condition is exceeded, the color of the sliders, pointers, and
digits may change to denote an increase in priority level, even if the parameter is still within in the lower priority
condition range. If sensor data for a parameter becomes invalid or unavailable, a red “X” is displayed across the
indicator and/or readout.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Exceedance
Levels
Slide
(Normal)
Pointer
(Normal)
Exceedance
Levels
Slider
(Exceedance)
Pointer
(Exceedance)
Normal Band
Figure 3-5 Indicators and Exceedance Levels
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Engine Stage Rotation Speeds (N1 and N2)
The N1 display (Figure 3-6) indicates the engine fan rotation speeds while the N2 readouts (Figure 3-7) show
the engine high pressure turbine rotation speeds. Both are shown as percentages. The N1 and N2 displays are
shown in the same format in reversionary mode.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
The N1 display ranges from 20 to 110% of maximum rotational speed. Values and limits are obtained from
the Full Authority Digital Engine Controller (FADEC). When the N1 values of the engines are synchronized,
‘SYNC’ appears in green between the readouts below the scale. If N1 drops below 20%, the sliders are removed
from the scale while the readouts remain displayed below.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
An N1 target based on the indicated Thrust Mode is shown for each engine by a bug along the scale. The
readout in the box at the top of the scale is the minimum N1 target value for both engines. When the Thrust
Lever Angle (TLA) position corresponds to the indicated Thrust Mode (Table 3-1), the indication is shown in
green; otherwise, the indication appears in white.
Thrust Mode
N1 Target
Value
N1 Target
Bug
APPENDICES
Warning
Line
N1 Values
Synchronized
INDEX
Figure 3-6 N1 Display
Figure 3-7 N2 Display
Indication
CRU
CLB
T/O
Thrust Mode
Cruise
Max Climb
Takeoff
Table 3-1 Thrust Modes
The N2 readouts are located beneath the ITT display. At engine start, the readouts appear in white. Once
normal operating conditions are reached, the readouts change to green.
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Engine Indication & Crew Alerting System
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Oil Pressure and Temperature
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The oil pressure and temperature for each engine are shown below the N1 display under normal display
operating conditions. Oil pressure is shown in pounds per square inch (psi) and temperature in degrees Celsius
(°C). When oil pressure and temperature are in the normal operating range, no readout is provided. When an
abnormal operating condition occurs, the readouts appear in the corresponding color. In reversionary mode,
only the readouts are shown.
EICAS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Figure 3-8 Oil Display (Normal Mode)
Fuel Display
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
The fuel display is located beneath the oil indicators and shows the fuel quantity in pounds (lb) and fuel flow
in pounds per hour (pph) for each engine, the total fuel quantity, and the fuel tank temperature in °C. Fuel
information is provided primarily by the Fuel Quantity Signal Conditioner (FQSC), which has a fuel quantity
processor for each tank. Fuel display can also be configured for display in metric units.
Fuel
Temperature
Fuel Flow
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Tank Fuel
Quantities
AFCS
Total Fuel
Quantity
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Fuel quantity for each tank is normally shown along a slider scale with readouts below for each tank and
the total. The fuel flow readout for each engine is shown below the fuel quantity and the fuel temperature is
displayed under this. Only readouts are given in reversionary mode and total fuel quantity is not shown.
Figure 3-9 Fuel Display (Normal Mode)
APPENDICES
INDEX
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85
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Engine Indication & Crew Alerting System
Interstage Turbine Temperature
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Interstage Turbine Temperatures (ITT) are displayed along a slider scale in °C. ITT values and limits are
obtained from the FADEC. ITT is shown in the same format in display reversionary mode. During normal
operations, the sliders appear in white and no readout is shown. Readouts are provided for each engine below
the scale during engine start, for values below 200°C, or for caution and warning values. When the respective
engine ignitors are on, ‘IGN’ appears in green text at the top of the ITT scales.
Ignitor On
Indication
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EICAS
Warning
Line
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Figure 3-10 Interstage Turbine Temperature Display
Electrical Display
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Voltage and current for the direct current (DC) generators and battery are obtained directly from the electrical
system buses. Generator voltages and currents are normally shown along color-coded scales, with readouts
below. Battery voltage and current are displayed as readouts. In reversionary mode, battery current is not
shown.
Generator
Current
AFCS
Generator
Voltage
Battery Voltage
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Battery Current
INDEX
APPENDICES
Figure 3-11 Electrical Display (Normal Mode)
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Engine Indication & Crew Alerting System
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Pressurization Display
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Cabin pressurization information (cabin altitude and rate of change, destination elevation, differential cabin
pressure) is shown beneath the electrical display. Only cabin altitude and the pressure differential readouts are
displayed in reversionary mode.
Cabin altitude is shown on a color-coded scale labeled in 5,000-ft increments with a readout (in feet) below
(unless on the ground). The cabin altitude scale and corresponding “CABIN ALT” CAS messages shift up to
higher altitude when in high altitude pressurization mode. High altitude mode is active whenever all the
following are true:
EICAS
• The takeoff or destination elevation is above 8,000 feet
• The aircraft altitude is less than 24,500 feet
• The pressurization system has verified the conditions
Pressure
Change Rate
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Destination
Elevation
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Pressure
Altitude
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Cabin altitude change rate is displayed on a scale in terms of 1,000-fpm increments with a readout (in fpm)
below. Cabin pressure differential (DIFF PSI), in pounds per square inch (psi), is indicated on a color-coded
scale with a readout.
Pressure
Differential
Figure 3-12 Cabin Pressure Display (Normal Mode)
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
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87
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Engine Indication & Crew Alerting System
The destination elevation (from -1,000 to 14,000 feet) entered in the PFD Timer/References Window is
displayed below the cabin altitude readings. This value is retained by the G1000 on power-down.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Setting the destination elevation:
1) Press the TMR/REF Softkey.
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the ‘DEST ELV’ field.
3) Use the small FMS Knob to enter the destination elevation (in 10-ft increments from -1,000 to 14,000 feet).
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EICAS
4) To remove the window, press the CLR Key or the TMR/REF Softkey.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Destination
Elevation
Figure 3-13 Timer/References Window
Trim and Flap Indicators
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Lateral trim indications are shown along a slide bar scale beneath the pressurization display in normal display
mode. Aileron trim is displayed at the top of the scale and rudder trim is displayed at the bottom. The trim
display is not present in reversionary mode.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
Flap deflection is normally displayed beneath the trim indications using a rotating pointer. Flap positions
for takeoff/approach, landing, and up positions are labeled. In reversionary mode, a digital readout of the flap
position (UP, TO/APR, LAND) is provided.
INDEX
APPENDICES
Figure 3-14 Trim and Flap Indications (Normal Mode)
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Engine Indication & Crew Alerting System
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
3.2 Crew Alerting System (CAS)
NOTE: Aural alerts associated with abnormal conditions and advisories are managed through the Audio
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Panels. Refer to the Audio Panel and CNS Section for more information.
NOTE: If there is a mismatch between databases or software on the PFDs, CAS is inoperative.
EICAS
The Crew Alerting System (CAS) Display is located in the lower left corner of the EICAS Display (on the MFD)
under normal display conditions. Up to 14 messages can be displayed; when more than 14 messages accumulate,
the scrolling CAS softkeys become available.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
When CAS messages are present while in reversionary mode, the CAS Window appears on the display along
with the flight instruments and EIS. The window size increases to fit up to 14 CAS messages; if more than 14
messages are generated, the messages can be scrolled through using the CAS softkeys (two left-most softkeys).
Reversionary Mode
Normal
CAS Display
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
CAS Window
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
AFCS
Figure 3-15 CAS Messages
CAS Messages and Prioritization
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
NOTE: Information on CAS messages in this pilot’s guide is always superseded by the AFM.
CAS messages are grouped by criticality (warning, caution, advisory) and sorted by order of appearance (most
recent messages on top). The color of the message is based on its urgency and on required action:
APPENDICES
• Warning (red) – Immediate crew awareness and action required; Master Warning triggered
• Caution (yellow) – Immediate crew awareness and possible future corrective action required; Master Caution
triggered
• Advisory (white) – Crew awareness required and subsequent action may be required
INDEX
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89
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Engine Indication & Crew Alerting System
Any CAS messages that come up when the system is first powered on are considered already acknowledged.
They do not flash or trigger the Master Warning or Master Caution. CAS messages listed in Table 3-4 are shown
in the acknowledged state (text corresponding to criticality on a black background).
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Since red and yellow CAS messages indicate the immediate or future need for corrective action, two momentary
buttons are located above each PFD for CAS message acknowledgment: Master Warning and Master Caution.
EICAS
When a new red CAS warning message appears, it flashes in conjunction with the Master Warning Indicator.
Pressing a Master Warning Indicator acknowledges all flashing red messages, extinguishes the master warning
lights, and stops the message flashing. Messages are displayed until the issue is corrected and a Master Warning
Indicator has been pressed.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
When a new yellow caution message appears on the CAS display, it flashes and triggers the Master Caution
Indicator to come on, but not to flash. Pressing a Master Caution Indicator acknowledges all flashing yellow
messages, extinguishes the master caution lights, and stops the message flashing. Messages are displayed until
the issue is corrected.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Master Caution and Warning Indicators
PFD1
PFD2
MFD
AFCS
Figure 3-16 Panel Layout
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
A CAS message does not appear more than once at a given time (unless the CAS is being tested). If signals
are received that justify multiple priorities for a certain message, the message is displayed for the higher priority
condition. When graduating to a higher priority, the message flashes and requires new acknowledgment.
When degrading to a lower priority condition, the message moves to the top of the appropriate grouping, but
does not require new acknowledgment.
INDEX
APPENDICES
Red warning messages cannot be scrolled through and remain at the top of the CAS display. The scroll bar
changes color to yellow if more caution messages exist than can be displayed at once or if caution messages
have been scrolled off the display. The scroll bar remains in the selected position for 45 seconds or until a new
caution message is generated, at which point the scroll bar returns to the top of the display.
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Engine Indication & Crew Alerting System
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
CAS Display Inhibits
Inhibits prevent certain CAS messages from being displayed if the message is triggered during the following
conditions:
• Aircraft in air (AIR)
• Emergency bus power (EMER)
• Landing (LOPI)
• Engine start (Engine Start Inhibit, ESI)
• Engine shutdown (Engine Shutdown Inhibit, ESDI)
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
• Aircraft on ground (GROUND)
EICAS
• Takeoff (TOPI)
Inhibits affecting each CAS message are indicated with an “X” under the corresponding inhibit column in
Table 3-4. Alerts affected by an inhibit are not displayed while the inhibit is enabled. If an alert is displayed
prior to the activation of an inhibit affecting it, the alert continues to be displayed normally until the condition
causing the alert ceases to exist.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Takeoff and Landing Operation Phase inhibits (TOPI and LOPI) are implemented to reduce flight crew
workload and distractions during takeoff and landing. The following tables list the criteria which must be met
to activate or deactivate TOPI or LOPI; only one criterion must be met for activation or deactivation to occur.
IAS transitions > 50 knots (on either PFD)
Deactivation
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Activation
Transitions from on-ground to in-air
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Airborne > 25 sec
IAS > 40 knots (on either PFD)
IAS invalid (on both PFDs)
Pressure altitude > 400 ft above field elevation*
TOPI active > 90 sec
* Pressure altitude captured when the aircraft transitions from on-ground to in-air
Table 3-2 Takeoff Operation Phase Inhibit (TOPI) Activation/Deactivation Criteria
Deactivation
AFCS
Activation
Transitions from in-air to on-ground
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
On-ground > 25 sec
IAS < 40 knots (on either PFD)
IAS invalid (on both PFDs)
GPS altitude transitions < 400 ft above field elevation* GPS altitude > 600 ft above field elevation*
LOPI active > 90 sec
* Stored in terrain database
Table 3-3 Landing Operation Phase Inhibit (LOPI) Activation/Deactivation Criteria
APPENDICES
In order to prevent nuisance messages in the event of a dual generator failure, most messages are inhibited
when the emergency bus is powering the aircraft. Failure of a bus or processor also triggers an inhibit to prevent
invalid data from triggering a message. Most messages are not generated based upon invalid data; however,
there may be exceptions.
INDEX
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91
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Engine Indication & Crew Alerting System
BATTERY O’TEMP
EICAS
AFT DOOR
AFT JBOX CB L-R*
AFT JBOX LMT L-R*
ANTISKID FAIL
BATTERY O’TEMP
BATT TEMP FAIL
CABIN ALT
CABIN DOOR
CHECK DOORS
DUCT O’HEAT L-R*
ENG A/I COLD L-R*
ENG CTRL SYS L-R*
ENGINE FAIL L-R*
F/W SHUTOFF L-R*
FLAPS FAIL
FUEL BOOST L-R*
FUEL FLTR BP L-R*
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Caution
FUEL LVL LO L-R*
FUEL PRES LO L-R*
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
GEN OFF L-R
GEN OFF L-R*
HYD PRESS LO
HYD PUMP ON
NOSE DOOR L-R*
OIL PRESS LO L-R*
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
OXYGEN OFF
P/S HTR L-R*
PRESS CTRL
STALL WARN FAIL
STALL WARN HTR
T2 HTR FAIL L-R*
TAIL CONE BLD LK
TAIL DE-ICE FAIL
W/S A/I FAIL L-R*
W/S O’HEAT L-R*
WING DE-ICE FAIL
WOW MISCOMPARE
Advisory
Description
Tailcone baggage door not fully secured
Start control circuit breaker (located in aft j-box) tripped
Current limiter blown (located in aft j-box)
Antiskid Control Unit cannot perform anti-skid functions
Overheated NiCad battery (optional)
Battery temperature sensor failure
CABIN ALT
Cabin altitude potentially unsafe
Cabin door not fully secured
A door monitor has not been properly tested or has failed
Duct temperature too high or sensor disconnected
ENG A/I COLD L-R* Engine anti-ice system ON and inlet temperature is cold
FADEC has a fault that requires maintenance
An engine has failed
Fuel firewall shutoff valve fully closed
A flap system failure has occurred.
Electric fuel boost pump ON. Caution condition is displayed
FUEL BOOST L-R*
when the boost pump is operating in abnormal conditions.
Engine fuel filter impending bypass switch closed
FUEL LO INOP L-R* Fuel low level function failure
Fuel level in tank is too low
Fuel pressure too low
FUEL TRANSFER Fuel transfer valve open
One or both electrical generators offline
Hydraulic system pressure too low
Hydraulic pump running too long
One or both nose baggage doors not fully secured
MFD COLD
MFD temperature is below -20° C
NO TIRE SPINDOWN Antiskid control spindown function not working
Oil pressure less than redline low limit
Oxygen supply off
No current detected to pitot static heater
PRESS CTRL
Pressure controller loss of integrity
PRESS OFF
Air Source Selector switch in OFF or fresh air position
SPD BRK EXTEND Speed brakes extended
Failure detected in stall warning system
STALL WARN HI Stall warning system on ice-contaminated schedule
No power delivered to stall warning vane heater
SURFACE DE-ICE De-ice boots inflating/deflating as designed
T2 probe heater failure
Tailcone temp high, possible bleed air leak.
De-ice system not operating normally
W/S A/I FAIL L-R* Loss of power to windshield heater
W/S O’HEAT L-R* Windshield anti-ice power ON; temperature too high
De-ice system operating abnormally
Gear on-ground inputs do not agree
ESI
TOPI
AIR
LOPI
ESDI
EMER
GND
Warning
CABIN ALT
INDEX
Inhibits
Messages
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X X X
X
X
X
X X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
* Only affected side displayed (L, R, or L-R) in a CAS message; applicable CAS messages listed here display L-R for example.
** The “HYD PRESS LO” message cannot be acknowledged using the Master Caution Indicator if the aircraft is on the ground. Both
Master Caution annunciators remain on and the message continues to flash until the issue is corrected.
Table 3-4 Color-Coded CAS Messages
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Audio Panel and CNS
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Section 4 Audio Panel and CNS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
4.1 Overview
The Communication/Navigation/Surveillance (CNS) system includes the Audio Panels, communication radios,
navigation radios, and Mode S transponders. The System Overview Section provides a block diagram description
of the Audio Panels and CNS system interconnection.
CNS operation in the Cessna Citation Mustang is performed by the following Line Replaceable Units (LRUs):
• Multi Function Display (MFD)
• Mode S Transponder (2)
• Integrated Avionics Unit (2)
• MFD Control Unit
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
• Audio Panel (2)
EICAS
• Primary Flight Display (PFD) (2)
The PFD controls are used to tune the communication transceivers and navigation radios.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
The two Audio Panels provide the traditional audio selector functions of microphone and receiver audio
selection. Each Audio Panel includes a two position intercom system (ICS) between the pilot and copilot, a
marker beacon system, and a COM clearance recorder. Ambient noise from the aircraft radios is reduced by a
feature called Master Avionics Squelch (MASQ). When no audio is detected, MASQ processing further reduces
the amount of background noise from the radios.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
The Mode S Transponders are controlled with softkeys and the FMS Knob located on the Primary Flight Display
(PFD). The Transponder Data Box is located to the left of the System Time Box. The data box displays the active
four-digit code, mode, and a reply status (Figure 4-1).
Audio Panel Volume Control
AFCS
Adjusting the master volume control affects all radio audio volume and airframe type warnings that will be
heard in the headsets (not the speaker) for the pilot or copilot side Audio Panel. Radio adjustments made on
the PFD controls to compensate for the master volume change on the Audio Panel will also affect the radio levels
for the other pilot. Independent radio volume adjustments made using the Audio Panel Master Volume controls
will affect only the audio heard in the corresponding crew position headset.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Radio volume adjustments may be overridden by each crew position independently using the master volume
control on the Audio Panel for the respective crew position. In addition, the master volume control for each
Audio Panel will affect all other system audio output to its designated crew position headset much like volume
adjustments found on many aviation headsets.
APPENDICES
INDEX
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93
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Audio Panel and CNS
PFD Controls and Frequency Display
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EICAS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
1
9
10
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
11
12
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
Figure 4-1 PFD Controls, COM/NAV Frequency Tuning Boxes, and ADF/DME Tuning Window
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Audio Panel and CNS
5
COM Frequency Box – Displays COM standby and active frequency fields and volume. The selected COM
transceiver frequency is displayed in green.
6
COM Knob – Tunes the standby frequencies for the COM transceiver (large knob for MHz; small knob for
kHz). Press to move the tuning box (light blue box) and Frequency Transfer Arrow between COM1 and
COM2.
7
COM Frequency Transfer Key – Transfers the standby and active COM frequencies. Press and hold this key
for two seconds to tune the emergency frequency (121.500 MHz) automatically into the active frequency
field.
8
COM VOL/SQ Knob – Controls COM audio volume level. Press to turn the COM automatic squelch on
and off. Volume level is shown in the COM frequency field as a percentage.
9
ADF/DME Tuning Window – Displays ADF frequencies, volume setting, and modes, and DME tuning
selection. Display by pressing ADF/DME Softkey.
10
ENT Key – Validates or confirms an ADF frequency or ADF/DME mode and Auto-tune selection.
11
FMS Knob – Flight Management System Knob, used to enter ADF frequencies and select ADF/DME modes,
enter transponder codes, and Auto-tune entries when ADF/DME Tuning Window or NRST Window is
present. Press the FMS Knob to turn the selection cursor on and off. The large knob moves the cursor in
the window. The small knob selects individual characters for the highlighted cursor location.
12
Transponder Data Box – Indicates the selected transponder code, operating mode, reply, and ident status
for the applicable transponder.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
NAV Frequency Box – Displays NAV standby and active frequency fields, volume, and station ID. The
frequency of the NAV radio selected for navigation is displayed in green.
AFCS
4
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
NAV Knob – Tunes the standby frequencies for the NAV receiver (large knob for MHz; small knob for kHz).
Press to move the tuning box (light blue box) and Frequency Transfer Arrow between NAV1 and NAV2.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
3
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
NAV Frequency Transfer Key – Transfers the standby and active NAV frequencies.
EICAS
2
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
NAV VOL/ID Knob – Controls NAV audio volume level. Press to turn the Morse code identifier audio on
and off. Volume level is shown in the NAV frequency field as a percentage.
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
1
APPENDICES
INDEX
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95
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Audio Panel and CNS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EICAS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Audio Panel Controls
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
18
19
20
21
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
17
22
23
24
AFCS
Figure 4-2 Audio Panel Controls
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
NOTE: When a key is selected, a triangular annunciator above the key is illuminated.
96
1
COM1 MIC – Selects the #1 transmitter for transmitting. COM1 receive is simultaneously selected when
this key is pressed allowing received audio from the #1 COM receiver to be heard. COM2 receive can be
added by pressing the COM2 Key.
2
COM1 – When selected, audio from the #1 COM receiver can be heard.
3
COM2 MIC – Selects the #2 transmitter for transmitting. COM2 receive is simultaneously selected when
this key is pressed allowing received audio from the #2 COM receiver to be heard. COM1 receive can be
added by pressing the COM1 Key.
4
COM2 – When selected, audio from the #2 COM receiver can be heard.
5
COM3 MIC – Selects the optional #3 transmitter (HF) for transmitting. COM3 receive is simultaneously
selected when this key is pressed allowing received audio from the #3 COM receiver to be heard.
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
190-00494-02 Rev. B
Audio Panel and CNS
SPKR – Selects and deselects the on-side flight deck speaker. COM and NAV receiver audio will be heard
on the speaker.
11
MKR/MUTE – Selects marker beacon receiver audio. Mutes the currently received marker beacon receiver
audio. Unmutes automatically when new marker beacon audio is received.
12
HI SENS – Press to increase marker beacon receiver sensitivity. Press again to return to low sensitivity.
13
DME – Turns DME audio on or off.
14
NAV1 – When selected, audio from the #1 NAV receiver can be heard.
15
ADF – Turns optional ADF receiver audio on or off.
16
NAV2 – When selected, audio from the #2 NAV receiver can be heard.
17
AUX – Not used in the Cessna Citation Mustang.
18
REC – Press to enable the recording of up to 2.5 minutes of COM receiver audio. When no audio is being
received, nothing is recorded. Press again to stop recording.
19
PLAY – Press once to play the last recorded COM audio. Press again to stop playing. Press twice within 0.5
second while audio is playing and the previous block of recorded audio will be played. Each subsequent
two presses within 0.5 second plays each previously recorded block.
20
INTR COM – Selects and deselects the pilot/copilot intercom on both Audio Panels.
21
MAN SQ – Enables manual squelch for the intercom. When the intercom is active, press the ICS Knob to
illuminate SQ. Turn the ICS Knob to adjust squelch.
22
ICS Knob – Turn to adjust intercom volume or squelch. Press to switch between volume and squelch
control as indicated by illumination of VOL or SQ. The MAN SQ Key must be selected to allow squelch
adjustment.
23
MSTR Knob – The Master Volume Control adjusts volume for the blended NAV, COM, intercom audio,
and alert warnings.
24
DISPLAY BACKUP Button – Manually selects Reversionary Mode.
APPENDICES
10
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
MUSIC – Not used in the Cessna Citation Mustang.
AFCS
9
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
TEL – Not used in the Cessna Citation Mustang.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
8
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
PA – Selects the passenger address system. The selected COM transmitter is deselected when the PA Key
is pressed.
EICAS
7
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
COM3 – When selected, audio from the optional #3 COM receiver (HF) can be heard.
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
6
INDEX
190-00494-02 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
97
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Audio Panel and CNS
4.2 COM Operation
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
COM Transceiver Selection and Activation
NOTE: During PA Mode, the COM MIC Annunciator is extinguished and the COM active frequency color
changes to white, indicating that neither COM transmitter is active.
NOTE: When turning on the G1000 for use, the system remembers the last frequencies used and the active
EICAS
COM transceiver state prior to shutdown.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
The COM Frequency Box is composed of four fields; the two active frequencies are on the left side and the
two standby frequencies are on the right. The COM transceiver is selected for transmitting by pressing the
COM MIC Keys on the Audio Panel.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
An active COM frequency displayed in green indicates that the COM transceiver is selected on the Audio
Panel (COM1 MIC or COM2 MIC Key). Both active COM frequencies appearing in white indicate that no COM
radio is selected for transmitting (PA Key is selected on the Audio Panel). Frequencies in the standby fields are
also displayed in white.
Active
Fields
Standby
Fields
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Top Section of
the Audio Panel
Tuning Box
AFCS
COM2 Radio is Selected
on the Audio Panel
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Figure 4-3 Selecting a COM Radio for Transmit
INDEX
APPENDICES
COM3 is reserved for the optional HF radio. The active HF frequency is not shown on the G1000.
98
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
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Audio Panel and CNS
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Transmit/Receive Indications
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
During COM transmission, a white TX appears by the active COM frequency replacing the Frequency
Transfer Arrow. On the Audio Panel, when the active COM is transmitting, the active transceiver COM MIC
Key Annunciator flashes approximately once per second.
During COM signal reception, a white RX appears by the active COM frequency replacing the Frequency
Transfer Arrow.
EICAS
Transmit
Indication
Annunciator
Flashes During
Transmission
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Figure 4-4 COM Radio Transmit and Receive Indications
When the same COM radio is selected on both Audio Panels, the pilot has transmit priority on COM1, the
copilot has transmit priority on COM2.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
COM Transceiver Manual Tuning
The COM frequency controls and frequency boxes are on the right side of each PFD.
Manually tuning a COM frequency:
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
1) Turn the COM Knob to tune the desired frequency in the COM Tuning Box (large knob for MHz; small knob for
kHz).
2) Press the Frequency Transfer Key to transfer the frequency to the active field.
3) Adjust the volume level with the COM VOL/SQ Knob.
4) Press the COM VOL/SQ Knob to turn automatic squelch on and off.
AFCS
Turn the VOL/SQ Knob to adjust
volume. Press the Knob to Turn
Automatic Squelch On or Off
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Press the Frequency Transfer
Key to Transfer COM
Frequencies Between Active
and Standby Frequency Boxes
Turn the COM Knob to
Tune the Frequency in
the Tuning Box
APPENDICES
Figure 4-5 COM Frequency Tuning
INDEX
190-00494-02 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
99
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Audio Panel and CNS
Selecting the Radio to be Tuned
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Press the small COM Knob to transfer the frequency tuning box and Frequency Transfer Arrow between the
upper and lower radio frequency fields.
EICAS
Press the COM Knob to
Switch the Tuning Box From
One COM Radio to the Other
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Figure 4-6 Switching COM Tuning Boxes
Quick-tuning and Activating 121.500 MHz
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Pressing and holding the COM Frequency Transfer Key for two seconds automatically loads the emergency
COM frequency (121.500 MHz) in the active field of the COM radio selected for tuning (the one with the
transfer arrow). In the example shown, pressing the Audio Panel COM2 MIC Key activates the transceiver.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Press for Two Seconds to
Load 121.500 MHz
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
Figure 4-7 Quickly Tuning 121.500 MHz
100
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Audio Panel and CNS
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Auto-tuning the COM Frequency
COM frequencies can be automatically tuned from the following:
• Nearest Airports Window (PFD)
• NRST – Nearest Frequencies Page (ARTCC, FSS, WX)
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
• WPT – Airport Information Page
• NRST – Nearest Airspaces Page
• NRST – Nearest Airports Page
Auto-tuning from the PFD
EICAS
COM frequencies for the nearest airports can be automatically tuned from the Nearest Airports Window on
the PFD. When the desired frequency is entered, it becomes a standby frequency. Pressing the Frequency
Transfer Key places this frequency into the COM Active Frequency Field.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Auto-tuning a COM frequency for a nearby airport from the PFD:
1) Press the NRST Softkey on the PFD to open the Nearest Airports Window. A list of 25 nearest airport identifiers
and COM frequencies is displayed.
2) Turn the FMS Knob to scroll through the list and highlight the desired COM frequency.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
3) Press the ENT Key to load the COM frequency into the COM Standby Tuning Box.
4) Press the Frequency Transfer Key to transfer the frequency to the COM Active Frequency Field.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
Figure 4-8 Nearest Airports Window (PFD)
Select the NRST
Softkey to Open
the Nearest
Airports Window
INDEX
190-00494-02 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
101
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Audio Panel and CNS
Auto-tuning from the MFD
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Frequencies can be automatically loaded into the COM Frequency Box from pages in the NRST or WPT
page group by highlighting the frequency and pressing the ENT Key (Figures 4-9, 4-10, and 4-11).
Auto-tuning a COM frequency from the WPT and NRST Pages:
1) From any page that the COM frequency can be auto-tuned, activate the cursor by pressing the FMS Knob on
the MFD control unit or selecting the appropriate softkey.
2) Turn the FMS Knob to place the cursor on the desired COM frequency (Figure 4-11).
EICAS
3) Press the ENT Key to load the COM frequency into the standby field of the selected COM radio.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
4) Press the Frequency Transfer Key on either PFD to transfer the frequency to the COM Active Frequency
Field.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Turn the FMS
Knob to Scroll
Through a List
of Frequencies.
Press the ENT Key to Load a
Highlighted Frequency into the
COM Standby Frequency Box.
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
Figure 4-9 Frequency Auto-Tuning from the MFD
102
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Audio Panel and CNS
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Or:
1) Press the MENU Key on the MFD control unit (Figure 4-9) to display the page menu (Figure 4-10).
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to scroll through the menu options.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
3) Press the ENT Key to place the cursor on the desired selection.
4) Scroll through the frequency selections with the FMS Knob or the ENT Key.
5) Press the ENT Key to load the COM frequency into the standby field of the selected COM radio.
6) Press the Frequency Transfer Key to transfer the frequency to the COM Active Frequency Field.
EICAS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Nearest Frequencies Menu
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Nearest Airports Menu
Nearest Airspaces Menu
Figure 4-10 Nearest Pages Menus
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
190-00494-02 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
103
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Audio Panel and CNS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
On the WPT - Airport Information Page, the cursor can be placed on the frequency field by pressing the
FMS Knob and scrolling through the list. The frequency is transferred to the COM Standby Field with the
ENT Key.
EICAS
Selected Airport
Identifier and
Information
Runway
Information
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Press ENT Key to load
frequency into PFD1
COM Standby Field.
Cursor then advances
to the next frequency.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Select INFO Softkey for
AIRPORT, RUNWAYS,
and FREQUENCIES
Windows
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
Figure 4-11 WPT – Airport Information Page
104
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Audio Panel and CNS
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
COM frequencies can also be auto-tuned from the NRST – Nearest Airspaces, NRST – Nearest Frequencies,
and NRST – Nearest Airports Pages on the MFD in a similar manner using the appropriate softkeys or MENU
Key, the FMS Knob, and the ENT Key.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
EICAS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Figure 4-12 NRST – Nearest Airspaces, NRST – Nearest Airports, and NRST – Nearest Frequencies Pages
APPENDICES
INDEX
190-00494-02 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
105
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Audio Panel and CNS
Frequency Spacing
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The G1000 COM radios can tune either 25-kHz spacing (118.000 to 136.975 MHz) or 8.33-kHz spacing
(118.000 to 136.990 MHz) for 760-channel or 3040-channel configuration. When 8.33-kHz channel spacing
is selected, all of the 25-kHz channel spacing frequencies are also available in the complete 3040-channel list.
COM channel spacing is set on the System Setup Page of the AUX Page Group.
EICAS
8.33-kHz Channel
Spacing
25-kHz Channel
Spacing
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Changing COM frequency channel spacing:
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Figure 4-13 COM Channel Spacing
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the Channel Spacing Field in the COM Configuration Box.
1) Select the AUX – System Setup Page.
2) Press the FMS Knob to activate the flashing cursor.
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the desired channel spacing.
5) Press the ENT Key to complete the channel spacing selection.
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
While the COM CONFIG Window is selected, the G1000 softkeys are blank.
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Select 8.33-kHz
or 25.0-kHz
COM Frequency
Channel Spacing
INDEX
AUX - SYSTEM
SETUP PAGE
Figure 4-14 AUX – System Setup Page
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Audio Panel and CNS
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Automatic Squelch
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Automatic Squelch quiets unwanted static noise when no audio signal is received, while still providing good
sensitivity to weak COM signals. To disable Automatic Squelch, press the VOL/SQ Knob. When Automatic
Squelch is disabled, COM audio reception is always on. Continuous static noise is heard over the headsets and
speaker, if selected. Pressing the VOL/SQ Knob again enables Automatic Squelch.
When Automatic Squelch is disabled, a white SQ appears next to the COM frequency.
EICAS
Squelch
Indication
Press the COM VOL/
SQ Knob to turn off
Automatic Squelch.
Press again to restore
Automatic Squelch.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Figure 4-15 Overriding Automatic Squelch
Volume
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure 4-16 COM Volume Level
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
COM radio volume level can be adjusted from 0 to 100% using the VOL/SQ Knob. Turning the knob
clockwise increases volume, turning the knob counterclockwise decreases volume. When adjusting volume,
the level is displayed in place of the standby frequencies. Volume level indication remains for two seconds after
the change.
COM Volume
Level Remains
for Two Seconds
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
190-00494-02 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
107
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Audio Panel and CNS
4.3 NAV Operation
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
NAV Radio Selection and Activation
The NAV Frequency Box is composed of four fields; two standby fields and two active fields. The active
frequencies are on the right side and the standby frequencies are on the left.
EICAS
A NAV radio is selected for navigation by pressing the CDI Softkey located on the PFD. The active NAV
frequency selected for navigation is displayed in green. Pressing the CDI Softkey once selects NAV1 as the
navigation radio. Pressing the CDI Softkey a second time selects NAV2 as the navigation radio. Pressing the
CDI Softkey a third time activates GPS mode. Pressing the CDI Softkey again cycles back to NAV1.
While cycling through the CDI Softkey selections, the NAV Tuning Box and the Frequency Transfer Arrow are
placed in the active NAV Frequency Field and the active NAV frequency color changes to green.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
The three navigation modes that can be cycled through are:
• VOR1 (or LOC1) – If NAV1 is selected, a green single line arrow (not shown) labeled either VOR1 or LOC1
is displayed on the HSI and the active NAV1 frequency is displayed in green.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
• VOR2 (or LOC2) – If NAV2 is selected, a green double line arrow (shown) labeled either VOR2 or LOC2 is
displayed on the HSI and the active NAV2 frequency is displayed in green.
• GPS – If GPS Mode is selected, a magenta single line arrow (not shown) appears on the HSI and neither NAV
radio is selected. Both active NAV frequencies are then displayed in white.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Standby
Fields
Active
Fields
Tuning Box
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
The NAV Radio is
Selected by Pressing
the CDI Softkey
Figure 4-17 Selecting a NAV Radio for Navigation
INDEX
APPENDICES
See the Flight Instruments Section for selecting the DME and Bearing Information windows and using VOR
or ADF as the source for the bearing pointer.
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Audio Panel and CNS
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
NAV radios are selected for listening by pressing the corresponding keys on the Audio Panel. Pressing the
NAV1, NAV2, ADF, or DME Key selects and deselects the navigation radio source. Selected audio can be heard over
the headset and the speakers (if selected). All radios can be selected individually or simultaneously.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
EICAS
Figure 4-18 Selecting a NAV Radio Receiver
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
NAV Receiver Manual Tuning
The NAV frequency controls and frequency boxes are on the left side of the PFDs.
Manually tuning a NAV frequency:
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
1) Turn the NAV Knob to tune the desired frequency in the NAV Tuning Box.
2) Press the Frequency Transfer Key to transfer the frequency to the NAV Active Frequency Field.
3) Adjust the volume level with the NAV VOL/ID Knob.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
4) Press the NAV VOL/ID Knob to turn the Morse code identifier audio on and off.
Turn VOL/ID Knob to adjust
volume. Press Knob to Turn
Morse Code On or Off.
AFCS
Press the Frequency Transfer Key to
Transfer NAV Frequencies Between
Active and Standby Frequency Fields
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Turn the NAV
Knob to Tune
the Frequency in
the Tuning Box
Figure 4-19 NAV Frequency Tuning
APPENDICES
INDEX
190-00494-02 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
109
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Audio Panel and CNS
Selecting the Radio to be Tuned
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Press the small NAV Knob to transfer the frequency tuning box and Frequency Transfer Arrow between the
upper and lower radio frequency fields.
EICAS
Press the NAV Knob to
Switch the Tuning Box from
One NAV Radio to the Other
Figure 4-20 Switching NAV Tuning Boxes
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
VOR/LOC ID
When the Morse code Identifier audio is on for a NAV radio, a white ID appears to the left of the active
NAV frequency.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
In the example shown, in order to listen to either station identifier, press the NAV1 or NAV2 Key on the
Audio Panel. Pressing the VOL/ID Knob turns off the Morse code audio only in the radio with the NAV
Tuning Box. To turn off both NAV IDs, transfer the NAV Tuning Box between NAV1 and NAV2 with the small
NAV Knob and press the VOL/ID Knob again to turn the Morse code off in the other radio.
The Morse Code
Identifiers for the GHM
and BNA VORs are On
Station
Identifier
Figure 4-21 NAV Radio ID Indication
AFCS
Volume
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
NAV Radio volume level can be adjusted from 0 to 100% using the VOL/ID Knob. Turning the knob
clockwise increases volume, counterclockwise decreases volume.
When adjusting, the level is displayed in place of the standby frequencies. Volume level indication remains
for two seconds after the change.
APPENDICES
NAV Volume Level
Remains for Two
Seconds
INDEX
Figure 4-22 NAV Volume Level
110
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Audio Panel and CNS
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Auto-tuning a NAV Frequency from the MFD
NAV frequencies can be selected and loaded from the following MFD pages:
• WPT – Airport Information
• NRST – Nearest VOR
• NRST – Nearest Frequencies (FSS, WX)
• NRST – Nearest Airports
• NRST – Nearest Airspaces
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
• WPT – VOR Information
EICAS
The MFD provides auto-tuning of NAV frequencies from waypoint and nearest pages. During enroute
navigation, the NAV frequency is entered automatically into the NAV standby frequency field. During approach
activation the NAV frequency is entered automatically into the NAV active frequency field.
Frequencies can be automatically loaded into the NAV Frequency Box from pages in the NRST or WPT page
group by highlighting the frequency and pressing the ENT Key (Figures 4-23, 4-24, and 4-25).
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Auto-tuning a NAV frequency from the WPT and NRST Pages:
1) From any page that the NAV frequency can be auto-tuned, activate the cursor by pressing the FMS Knob on the
MFD control unit or selecting the appropriate softkey.
2) Turn the FMS Knob to place the cursor on the desired NAV identifier or NAV frequency.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
3) On the Nearest VOR and Nearest Airports pages, select the FREQ Softkey to place the cursor on the NAV
frequency (Figure 4-25).
4) Press the ENT Key to load the NAV frequency into the standby field of the selected NAV radio.
5) Press the Frequency Transfer Key to transfer the frequency to the NAV Active Frequency Field.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
AFCS
Turn the FMS
Knob to Scroll
Through a List
of Frequencies.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Press the ENT Key to Load a
Highlighted Frequency into the
NAV Standby Frequency Box.
APPENDICES
Figure 4-23 NAV Frequency Auto-Tuning from the MFD
INDEX
190-00494-02 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
111
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Audio Panel and CNS
Or:
1) When on the NRST pages, press the MENU Key on the MFD control unit to display the page menu.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to scroll through the menu options.
3) Press the ENT Key to place the cursor in the desired window.
4) Scroll through the frequency selections with the FMS Knob or the ENT Key.
5) Press the ENT Key to load the NAV frequency into the standby field of the selected NAV radio.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EICAS
6) Press the Frequency Transfer Key to transfer the frequency to the NAV Active Frequency Field.
Nearest Airports Menu
Nearest VOR Menu
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure 4-24 Nearest Pages Menus
112
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Audio Panel and CNS
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
In the example shown, the VOR list is selected with the VOR Softkey or from the page menu. The FMS Knob
or ENT Key is used to scroll through the list. The cursor is placed on the frequency with the FREQ Softkey and
loaded into the NAV Tuning Box with the ENT Key.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
EICAS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Press the ENT
Key to Load
the Frequency
into the NAV
Standby Field.
Select the FREQ Softkey
to Place the Cursor on
the VOR Frequency
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Select the VOR Softkey
to Place the Cursor on
the VOR Identifier
Figure 4-25 Loading the NAV Frequency from the NRST – Nearest VOR Page
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
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Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
113
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Audio Panel and CNS
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EICAS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
While enroute, NAV frequencies can also be auto-tuned from the NRST – Nearest Airports,
WPT – Airport Information, WPT – VOR Information, and NRST – Nearest Frequencies Pages on the MFD in
a similar manner using the appropriate softkeys or MENU Key, the FMS Knob, and the ENT Key.
INDEX
Figure 4-26 NRST – Nearest Frequencies, WPT – VOR Information, WPT – Airport Information, and
NRST – Nearest Airports Pages
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Audio Panel and CNS
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Auto-tuning NAV Frequencies on Approach Activation
NOTE: The primary NAV frequency is auto-tuned upon loading a VOR or ILS/Localizer approach.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
NOTE: When an ILS/LOC approach has been activated in GPS Mode, the system switches to NAV Mode as
the final approach course is intercepted (within 15 nm of the FAF). See the Flight Management Section for
details.
EICAS
NAV frequencies are automatically loaded into the NAV Frequency Box on approach activation, on both PFD1
and PFD2.
When loading or activating a VOR or ILS/LOC approach, the approach frequency is automatically transferred
to a NAV frequency field as follows:
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
• If the current CDI navigation source is GPS, the approach frequency is transferred to the NAV1 or NAV2
active frequency fields. The frequency that was previously in the NAV1 or NAV2 active frequency fields are
transferred to standby.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
• If the current CDI navigation source is GPS, and if the approach frequency is already loaded into the NAV1
or NAV2 standby frequency field, the standby frequency is transferred to active.
• If the current CDI navigation source is NAV1 or NAV2, the approach frequency is transferred to the standby
frequency fields of the selected CDI NAV radio.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
190-00494-02 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
115
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Audio Panel and CNS
Marker Beacon Receiver
NOTE: The marker beacon indicators operate independently of marker beacon audio and cannot be turned
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
off.
The marker beacon receiver is used as part of the ILS. The marker beacon receiver is always on and detects
any marker beacon signals within the reception range of the aircraft.
EICAS
The receiver detects the three marker tones – outer, middle, and inner – and provides the marker beacon
annunciations located to the left of the Altimeter on the PFD.
Middle Marker
Indication
Inner Marker
Indication
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Outer Marker
Indication
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure 4-27 Marker Beacon Annunciations on the PFD
AFCS
During marker beacon audio reception, pressing the MKR/MUTE Key mutes the audio but does not affect the
marker annunciations (Figure 4-27). The marker tone is silenced, then waits for the next marker tone. The
MKR/MUTE Key Annunciator is illuminated, indicating audio muting. The audio returns when the next marker
beacon signal is received. If the MKR/MUTE Key is pressed during signal reception (O, M, I indication) while
marker beacon audio is muted, the audio is deselected and the MKR/MUTE Key Annunciator is extinguished.
APPENDICES
The Audio Panels provide three different states of marker beacon operation; On, Muted, and Deselected.
Pressing the MKR/MUTE Key selects and deselects marker beacon audio. The key annunciator indicates when
marker beacon audio is selected.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Figure 4-28 Marker Beacon Keys
INDEX
Pressing the HI SENS Key switches between high and low marker beacon receiver sensitivity. The HI SENS
function (annunciator illuminated) is used to provide an earlier indication when nearing a marker during an
approach. The LO SENS function (annunciator extinguished) results in a narrower marker dwell while over a
station.
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Audio Panel and CNS
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
ADF/DME Tuning
NOTE: When another auxiliary window is turned on, the ADF/DME Tuning Window is replaced on the PFD.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
See the Flight Instruments Section for displaying the DME and bearing information windows (ADF) and
using the ADF as the source for the bearing pointer.
The G1000 system tunes the ADF receiver (optional) and DME transceiver (standard). The ADF is tuned by
entering the frequency in the ADF standby frequency field of the ADF/DME Tuning Window. (The softkey may
be labeled ADF/DME or DME, depending on installed equipment.)
EICAS
The UHF DME frequency is tuned by pairing with a VHF NAV frequency. DME frequency pairing is automatic
and only the VHF NAV frequency is shown.
The following ADF/DME information is displayed in the ADF/DME Tuning Window:
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
• Active and standby ADF frequencies
• ADF receiver mode
• ADF receiver volume
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
• DME tuning mode (DME transceiver pairing)
When the ADF/DME Tuning Window is displayed, the selection cursor is placed over the standby ADF
frequency field.
Active ADF Frequency
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Turning the large FMS Knob moves the selection cursor through the various fields (standby ADF frequency,
ADF receiver mode, ADF radio volume, and DME tuning mode). Pressing the FMS Knob activates/deactivates
the selection cursor in the ADF/DME Tuning Window. The ADF frequency is entered using the FMS Knob and
the ENT Key.
Standby ADF Frequency
AFCS
ADF
Mode
ADF
Volume
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
DME
Tuning
Mode
Figure 4-29 ADF/DME Tuning Window
APPENDICES
INDEX
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117
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Audio Panel and CNS
ADF Tuning
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
ADF frequencies in the 190.0-kHz to 1799.5-kHz range are entered in the standby ADF frequency field of the
ADF/DME Tuning Window. The G1000 System does not tune the ADF emergency frequency, 2182.0‑kHz.
Tuning an ADF frequency:
1) Press the ADF/DME Softkey to display the ADF/DME Tuning Window.
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to place the selection cursor over the standby ADF frequency field.
3) Turn the small FMS Knob to begin data entry and change each digit.
EICAS
4) Turn the large FMS Knob to move the cursor to the next digit position.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
5) Press the ENT Key to complete data entry for the standby frequency.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Turn the Small
FMS Knob to
Enter Data in
the Standby ADF
Frequency Field
Press the
ENT Key to
Complete ADF
Frequency Entry
Turn the Large
FMS Knob
to Move the
Cursor to the
Next Character
Figure 4-30 Entering ADF Standby Frequencies
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Pressing the CLR Key before completing frequency entry cancels the frequency change and reverts back to
the previously entered frequency.
Pressing the CLR Key when the cursor is flashing, clears the frequency and replaces the standby field with
‘0000.0’.
AFCS
Transferring the active and standby ADF frequencies:
1) Turn the large FMS Knob to place the selection cursor over the standby ADF frequency field.
2) Press the ENT Key to complete the frequency transfer.
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Press the ENT
Key to Transfer
the ADF
Frequencies
INDEX
Figure 4-31 Transferring ADF Frequencies
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Audio Panel and CNS
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Selecting ADF Receiver Mode
The following modes can be selected: (In all modes NDB audio can be heard by pressing the ADF Key on
the Audio Panel.)
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
• ANT (Antenna) – The ADF bearing pointer parks on the HSI at 90 degrees. Best mode for listening to NDB
audio.
• ADF (Automatic Direction Finder) – The ADF pointer points to the relative bearing of the NDB station.
EICAS
• ADF/BFO (ADF/Beat Frequency Oscillator) – The ADF pointer points to the relative bearing of the NDB
station and an audible tone confirms signal reception. This mode allows identification of the interrupted
carrier beacon stations used in various parts of the world.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
• ANT/BFO (Antenna/Beat Frequency Oscillator) – The ADF bearing pointer parks on the HSI at 90 degrees
while an audible tone is provided when a signal is received. This mode also allows identification of the
interrupted carrier beacon stations and confirms signal reception.
Selecting an ADF receiver mode:
1) Turn the large FMS Knob to place the selection cursor over the ADF mode field.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the desired ADF receiver mode.
Turn the Small
FMS Knob
to Select the
Mode
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure 4-32 Selecting ADF Receiver Mode
AFCS
ADF receiver volume level can be adjusted in the tuning window from 0 to 100%. The default volume level
is set to 50%. The ADF volume level is the same for both Audio Panels.
Adjusting ADF receiver volume:
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
1) Turn the large FMS Knob to place the selection cursor over the ADF volume field.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to adjust volume as desired.
APPENDICES
Turn the Small
FMS Knob
to Select the
Volume
INDEX
Figure 4-33 Adjusting ADF Receiver Volume
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Audio Panel and CNS
DME Tuning
NOTE: When turning on the G1000 for use, the system remembers the last frequency used for DME tuning
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
and the NAV1, NAV2, or HOLD state prior to shutdown.
EICAS
The DME transceiver is tuned by selecting NAV1, NAV2, or HOLD in the ADF/DME Tuning Window.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
DME
Modes
Figure 4-34 ADF/DME Tuning Window, DME Modes
The following DME transceiver pairing can be selected:
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
• NAV1 – Pairs the DME frequency from the selected NAV1 frequency.
• NAV2 – Pairs the DME frequency from the selected NAV2 frequency.
• HOLD – When in the HOLD position, the DME frequency remains paired with the last selected NAV
frequency.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Selecting DME transceiver pairing:
1) Press the ADF/DME Softkey to display the ADF/DME Tuning Window.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the DME tuning mode.
AFCS
3) Press the ENT Key to complete the selection.
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Pressing the CLR Key or FMS Knob while in the process of DME pairing cancels the data entry and reverts
back to the previously selected DME tuning state. Pressing the FMS Knob activates/deactivates the cursor in
the ADF/DME Tuning Window.
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Audio Panel and CNS
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
4.4 GTX 33/33D Mode S Transponders
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The GTX 33 Mode S Transponder and GTX 33D Diversity Mode S Transponder provide Mode A, Mode C, and
Mode S interrogation and reply capabilities. Diversity incorporates antennas mounted on the top and bottom of
the aircraft for dependable operation while maneuvering. Selective addressing or Mode Select (Mode S) capability
includes the following features:
• Level-2 reply data link capability (used to exchange information between aircraft and ATC facilities)
• Surveillance identifier capability
EICAS
• Flight ID (Flight Identification) reporting – The Mode S Transponder reports aircraft identification as either the
aircraft registration or a unique Flight ID.
• Altitude reporting
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
• Airborne status determination
• Transponder capability reporting
• Mode S Enhanced Surveillance (EHS) requirements
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
• Acquisition squitter – Acquisition squitter, or short squitter, is the transponder 24-bit identification address. The transmission is sent periodically, regardless of the presence of interrogations. The purpose of acquisition
squitter is to enable Mode S ground stations and aircraft equipped with a Traffic Avoidance System (TAS) to
recognize the presence of Mode S-equipped aircraft for selective interrogation.
The Hazard Avoidance Section provides more details on traffic avoidance systems.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Transponder Controls
Transponder function is displayed on three levels of softkeys on the PFD: Top-level, Mode Selection, and
Code Selection. When the top-level XPDR Softkey is pressed, the Mode Selection softkeys appear: XPDR1,
XPDR2, STBY, ON, ALT, VFR, CODE, IDENT, BACK.
AFCS
When the CODE Softkey is pressed, the number softkeys appear: 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, IDENT, BKSP,
BACK. The digits 8 and 9 are not used for code entry. Pressing the numbered softkeys in sequence enters
the transponder code. If an error is made, pressing the BKSP Softkey moves the code selection cursor to the
previous digit. Pressing the BKSP Softkey again moves the cursor to the next previous digit.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Pressing the BACK Softkey during code selection reverts to the Mode Selection Softkeys. Pressing the BACK
Softkey during mode selection reverts to the top-level softkeys.
The code can also be entered with the FMS Knob on either PFD. Code entry must be completed with either
the softkeys or the FMS Knob, but not a combination of both.
APPENDICES
Pressing the IDENT Softkey while in Mode or Code Selection initiates the ident function and reverts to the
top-level softkeys.
After 45 seconds of transponder control inactivity, the system reverts back to the top-level softkeys.
INDEX
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121
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Audio Panel and CNS
XPDR1
XPDR2
STBY
ON
ALT
GND
VFR
XPDR
IDENT
CODE
IDENT
BACK
MSG
Pressing the BACK Softkey
returns to the top-level softkeys.
EICAS
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
IDENT
BKSP
BACK
MSG
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Pressing the BACK Softkey returns to the mode selection softkeys.
Figure 4-35 Transponder Softkeys (PFD)
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Selecting and activating Transponder 1 or Transponder 2:
1) Press the XPDR Softkey to display the Transponder Mode Selection Softkeys.
2) Press the XPDR1 or XPDR2 Softkey to select and activate the other transponder.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
When turning on the G1000 for use, the system activates Transponder 1 as the default unit, regardless of
which transponder was active prior to shutdown. When switching between Transponder 1 and Transponder 2,
the code and mode remain the same. If a new code is entered in the active transponder, switching transponders
does not bring back the previous code.
Transponder Mode Selection
AFCS
Mode selection can be automatic (Ground and Altitude Modes) or manual (Standby, ON, and Altitude Modes).
The STBY, ON, and ALT Softkeys can be accessed by pressing the XPDR Softkey.
Selecting a transponder mode:
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
1) Press the XPDR Softkey to display the Transponder Mode Selection Softkeys.
INDEX
APPENDICES
2) Press the desired softkey to activate the transponder mode.
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Audio Panel and CNS
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Ground Mode
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Ground Mode is normally selected automatically when the aircraft is on the ground. The transponder
powers up in the last mode it was in when shut down. Ground Mode can be overridden by pressing any one
of the Mode Selection Softkeys. A green GND indication and transponder code appear in the mode field of
the Transponder Data Box. In Ground Mode, the transponder does not allow Mode A and Mode C replies,
but it does permit acquisition squitter and replies to discretely addressed Mode S interrogations.
When Standby Mode has been selected on the ground, the transponder can be returned to Ground Mode
by pressing the GND Softkey.
EICAS
GND
Mode
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Figure 4-36 Ground Mode
Standby Mode (Manual)
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
NOTE: In Standby Mode, the IDENT function is inhibited.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Standby Mode can be selected at any time by pressing the STBY Softkey. In Standby, the transponder does
not reply to interrogations, but new codes can be entered. When Standby is selected, a white STBY indication
and transponder code appear in the mode field of the Transponder Data Box. In all other modes, these fields
appear in green.
STBY Mode (White
Code Number and
Mode)
AFCS
Figure 4-37 Standby Mode
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Manual ON Mode
ON Mode can be selected at any time by pressing the ON Softkey. ON Mode generates Mode A and Mode S
replies, but Mode C altitude reporting is inhibited. In ON Mode, a green ON indication and transponder
code appear in the mode field of the Transponder Data Box.
APPENDICES
ON Mode
(No Altitude
Reporting)
Figure 4-38 ON Mode
INDEX
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123
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Altitude Mode (Automatic or Manual)
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Audio Panel and CNS
If Altitude Mode is selected, a green ALT indication and transponder code appear in the mode field of the
Transponder Data Box, and all transponder replies requesting altitude information are provided with pressure
altitude information.
Altitude Mode is automatically selected when the aircraft becomes airborne. Altitude Mode may also be
selected manually by pressing the ALT Softkey.
EICAS
ALT Mode
(Mode C Altitude
Reporting)
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Figure 4-39 Altitude Mode
Reply Status
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
When the transponder sends replies to interrogations, a white R indication appears momentarily in the
reply status field of the Transponder Data Box.
Reply to
Interrogation
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure 4-40 Reply Indication
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Audio Panel and CNS
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Entering a Transponder Code
Entering a transponder code with softkeys:
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
1) Press the XPDR Softkey to display the Transponder Mode Selection Softkeys.
2) Press the CODE Softkey to display the Transponder Code Selection Softkeys, for digit entry.
EICAS
3) Press the digit softkeys to enter the code in the code field. When entering the code, the next softkey in sequence
must be pressed within 10 seconds, or the entry is cancelled and restored to the previous code. Pressing the
BKSP Softkey moves the code selection cursor to the previous digit. Five seconds after the fourth digit has been
entered, the transponder code becomes active.
Entering
a Code
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Figure 4-41 Entering a Code with Softkeys
Entering a transponder code with the PFD FMS Knob:
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
1) Press the XPDR and the CODE Softkeys as in the previous procedure to enable code entry.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to enter the first two code digits.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to move the cursor to the next code field.
4) Enter the last two code digits with the small FMS Knob.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
5) Press the ENT Key to complete code digit entry.
Pressing the CLR Key or small FMS Knob before code entry is complete cancels code entry and restores the
previous code. Waiting for 10 seconds after code entry is finished activates the code automatically.
AFCS
Turn the Small
FMS Knob to
Enter Two Code
Digits at a Time
Press the
ENT Key to
Complete
Code Entry
Turn the Large
FMS Knob
to Move the
Cursor to the
Next Code Field
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Figure 4-42 Entering a Code with the FMS Knob
APPENDICES
INDEX
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125
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Audio Panel and CNS
VFR Code
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The VFR code can be entered either manually or by pressing the XPDR Softkey, then the VFR Softkey.
When the VFR Softkey is pressed, the pre-programmed VFR code is automatically displayed in the code field
of the Transponder Data Box. Pressing the VFR Softkey again restores the previous identification code.
The pre-programmed VFR Code is set at the factory to 1200. If a VFR code change is required, contact a
Garmin-authorized service center for configuration.
EICAS
VFR Code
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
IDENT Function
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Figure 4-43 VFR Code
Pressing the IDENT Softkey sends a distinct identity indication to Air Traffic Control (ATC). The indication
distinguishes the identing transponder from all the others on the air traffic controller’s screen. The IDENT
Softkey appears on all levels of transponder softkeys. When the IDENT Softkey is pressed, a green IDNT
indication is displayed in the mode field of the Transponder Data Box for a duration of 18 seconds.
NOTE: In Standby Mode, the IDENT Softkey is inoperative.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
After the IDENT Softkey is pressed while in Mode or Code Selection, the system reverts to the top-level
softkeys.
IDNT
Indication
AFCS
Press the
IDENT Softkey
to Initiate the
ID Function
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Figure 4-44 IDENT Softkey and Indication
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Audio Panel and CNS
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Flight ID Reporting
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The flight crew must enter the Flight ID before flight operation. The number is entered in the Timer/
References Window on the PFD. The Flight ID is not to exceed seven characters. No space is needed when
entering Flight ID. When a Flight ID contains a space, the system automatically removes it upon completion of
Flight ID entry. If configuration is set to “SAME AS TAIL” the aircraft tail number will always be displayed.
Entering a Flight ID:
1) Press the TMR/REF Softkey to display the Timer/References Window.
EICAS
2) Press the FMS Knob to activate the selection cursor, if not already activated.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to scroll down to the Flight ID.
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to enter the desired Flight ID.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
5) Press the ENT Key to complete Flight ID entry. The word “updating” appears until the new entry is completed.
Do not perform any other G1000 functions until “updating” is no longer displayed.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Wait for
updating to
complete
before
performing
other G1000
functions.
Flight
ID PFD
Entry
Flight ID Updating
AFCS
Entering Flight ID
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
If an error is made during Flight ID entry, pressing the CLR Key returns to the original Flight ID entry. While
entering a Flight ID, turning the FMS Knob counterclockwise moves the cursor back one space for each detent
of rotation. If an incorrect Flight ID is discovered after the unit begins operation, reenter the correct Flight ID
using the same procedure.
Figure 4-45 Timer/References Window, Entering Flight ID
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
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127
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Audio Panel and CNS
4.5 Additional Audio Panel Functions
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Power-up
The Audio Panels perform a self-test during power-up. During the self-test all Audio Panel annunciator lights
illuminate for approximately two seconds. Once the self-test is completed, most of the settings are restored to
those in use before the unit was last turned off. The exceptions are the speaker and intercom, which are always
selected during power up.
EICAS
Mono/Stereo Headsets
Stereo headsets are recommended for use in this aircraft.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Using a monaural headset in a stereo jack shorts the right headset channel output to ground. While this does
not damage the Audio Panel, a person listening on a monaural headset hears only the left channel in both ears.
If a monaural headset is used at one of the passenger positions, any other passenger using a stereo headset hears
audio in the left ear only.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Speaker
NOTE: When the oxygen mask switch on the instrument panel is selected, each pilot’s microphone audio is
heard on the cross-side speaker. The on-side speaker is also enabled and cannot be deselected.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Each Audio Panel controls a separate flight deck speaker. Each SPKR Key controls the on-side speaker unless
oxygen masks are in use. During oxygen mask use the on-side speaker is always enabled.
AFCS
Pressing the SPKR Key selects and deselects the speaker. Except for oxygen mask use, speaker audio is
muted when the PTT Key is pressed.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Figure 4-46 Speaker Key
Unmuted Inputs
Stall, overspeed, and aural gear alerts are heard on the headset and speaker always, even when the speaker
is off.
INDEX
APPENDICES
All other alerts are always present on the headset and are on the speaker when the SPKR Key is selected.
These warnings and the aircraft radios are not heard on the passenger headphones.
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Audio Panel and CNS
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Intercom
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Pressing the INTR COM Key on either Audio Panel selects and deselects the intercom on both Audio Panels.
The annunciator is lit when the intercom is active. The intercom connects the pilot and copilot together. Either
the pilot or copilot may select or deselect the intercom.
The MAN SQ Key allows either automatic or manual control of the intercom squelch setting. Pressing the
MAN SQ Key enables manual squelch control, indicated by the MAN SQ annunciator.
EICAS
During manual squelch operation, pressing the ICS Knob toggles between volume and squelch adjustment,
lighting the associated annunciator beneath the knob. When the MAN SQ annunciator is lit, the ICS Knob
controls both volume and squelch. When the MAN SQ annunciator is extinguished, the ICS Knob controls
only volume.
ICS Isolation
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Press to switch
between VOL and SQ.
Turn to adjust Squelch
when SQ Annunciation
is lit, Volume when
VOL Annunciation is lit.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Manual Squelch
Annunciator; Off
for Automatic
Squelch, On for
Manual Squelch
Master Volume
Control for Pilot
Side or Copilot
Side
Squelch Annunciation
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Volume Annunciation
Figure 4-47 Intercom Controls
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
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129
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Audio Panel and CNS
Passenger Address (PA) System
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
A passenger address system is provided by pressing the PA Key to deliver messages to the passengers. The
message is heard by the other pilot on the headset only if the INTR COM Key is enabled. PA messages are one
way from the flight deck to the passengers.
A Push-to-talk (PTT) must be pressed to deliver PA announcements to the passengers over their
headphones.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EICAS
When PA is selected on the Audio Panel, the annunciator flashes about once per second while pressing the
PTT, the COM MIC annunciator is no longer lit, and the active COM frequency for that Audio Panel changes to
white, indicating that there is no COM selected.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
PA Key is Selected on
the Audio Panel
Figure 4-48 PA Key Selected for Cabin Announcements
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Simultaneous COM Operation
NOTE: If the selected COM1 and COM2 frequencies are within approximately 1 MHz of each other,
interference may be heard during transmission on the other radio. Simultaneous COM operation is affected
by the distance between the COM antennas and the separation of the tuned frequencies.
AFCS
Both the pilot and the copilot can transmit and receive simultaneously over separate COM radios. The
selected COM MIC Annunciator flashes when either pilot’s microphone PTT is pressed.
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
If both pilots select the same COM radio, the pilot has priority on COM1 and the copilot has priority on
COM2.
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Audio Panel and CNS
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Clearance Recorder and Player
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The Audio Panels contain a digital clearance recorder that records up to 2.5 minutes of the selected COM
radio signal. Recorded COM audio is stored in separate memory blocks. Once 2.5 minutes of recording time
have been reached, the recorder begins recording over the stored memory blocks, starting from the oldest
block.
Pressing the REC Key enables recording of audio from the COM radio selected for transmission. Quiet
periods between COM reception are not recorded.
EICAS
The PLAY Key controls the play function. The PLAY annunciator indicates when play is in progress. The
PLAY annunciator turns off after playback is finished.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Pressing the PLAY Key once plays the latest recorded memory block and then returns to normal operation.
Pressing the PLAY Key again during play of a memory block stops play. If a COM input signal is detected
during play of a recorded memory block, play is halted.
Pressing the PLAY Key twice within one-half second while audio is playing plays the previous block of
recorded audio. Each subsequent two presses of the PLAY Key within one-half second will backtrack through
the recorded memory blocks to reach and play any recorded block.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Powering off the unit automatically clears all recorded blocks.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure 4-49 Record and Playback Key
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
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131
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Audio Panel and CNS
4.6 Audio Panels Preflight Procedure
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
NOTE: If the flight crew is using headsets that have a high/low switch or volume control knob, verify that
the switch is in the high position and the volume control on the headsets are at max volume setting. On
single‑pilot flights, verify that all other headsets are not connected to avoid excess noise in the audio
system.
NOTE: When the MAN SQ Key is pressed, the flight crew is now able to set the ICS squelch manually. If
EICAS
manual squelch is set to full open (SQ annunciated and the small knob turned counterclockwise) background
noise will be heard in the ICS system as well as during COM transmissions.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
After powering up the G1000 system the following steps will aid the flight crew in maximizing the use of the
Audio Panels as well as prevent flight crew induced issues. These preflight procedures should be performed each
time a flight crew boards the aircraft to insure awareness of all audio levels in the Audio Panels and radios.
ICS Isolation
Manual Squelch
ICS Volume and
Squelch Control
Master Volume
Control
VOL Annunciation
SQ Annunciation
Reversionary Mode
for PFD1 and MFD
Reversionary Mode
for PFD2 and MFD
Figure 4-50 Audio Panel Controls
Independent radio volume adjustments made using the PFD controls will affect only the audio output for each
radio selected for adjustment. Radio volume adjustment will affect both crew positions equally for each radio
that is adjusted. Turning the master volume control located on either Audio Panel will affect only the audio heard
in the corresponding crew position headset. Thus, radio volume adjustments may be overridden by each crew
position independently using the master volume control on the Audio Panel for the respective crew position.
The master volume control for each Audio Panel will affect all other system audio output for the pilot or copilot
headset.
INDEX
APPENDICES
AFCS
Copilot Side
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Pilot Side
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Audio Panel and CNS
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Setting the Audio Panels during preflight:
1) Verify that the INTR COM Key is selected.
2) Verify that the MAN SQ Annunciator is extinguished.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
3) Turn the MSTR Knob (Master Volume Control) on both Audio Panels clockwise two full turns. This will set the
headset audio level to max volume (least amount of attenuation).
4) Adjust radio volume levels (COM, NAV, etc.) to a suitable level.
5) Adjust the ICS volume Knob on each Audio Panel to the desired intercom level.
EICAS
Once this procedure has been completed, the master volume controls on both Audio Panels may now be
adjusted. The flight crew can change settings, keeping in mind the notes above.
Pilot Master
Volume Control
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Radio Volume
Knobs Adjust
Radio Level
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
COM Radio
Audio
Master Volume
Knobs Adjust
Headphone
Volume Level
NAV Radio
Audio
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
ADF Radio
Audio
FMS Knob Adjusts
ADF Volume Level
AFCS
Copilot Master
Volume Control
Figure 4-51 Radio and Headphone Volume Controls
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Audio Panel and CNS
4.7 Abnormal Operation
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Abnormal operation of the G1000 includes equipment failures of the G1000 components and failure of
associated equipment, including switches and external devices.
Stuck Microphone
If the push-to-talk (PTT) Key becomes stuck, the COM transmitter stops transmitting after 35 seconds of
continuous operation. An alert appears on the PFD to advise the crew of a stuck microphone.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EICAS
The COM1 MIC or COM2 MIC Key Annunciator on the Audio Panel flashes as long as the PTT Key remains
stuck.
Figure 4-52 Stuck Microphone Alert
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
COM Tuning Failure
In case of a COM system tuning failure, the emergency frequency (121.500 MHz) is automatically tuned in
the radio in which the tuning failure occurred. Depending on the failure mode, a red X may appear on the
frequency display.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Emergency Channel
Loaded Automatically
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
Figure 4-53 COM Tuning Failure
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Audio Panel and CNS
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
PFD Failure, Dual System
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
If PFD1 fails, COM1 and NAV1 display a red X on both remaining displays. NAV1 is unavailable. COM1
automatically tunes 121.500 MHz, but the frequency is not shown. The COM1 emergency frequency is available
to both the copilot and pilot.
Emergency Channel
Loaded Automatically
EICAS
Figure 4-54 Frequency Section of PFD2 Display after PFD1 Failure
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
If PFD2 fails, COM2 and NAV2 display a red X on the remaining PFD display. NAV2 is unavailable. COM2
tunes 121.500 MHz, but the frequency is not shown. The COM2 emergency frequency is available to both the
copilot and pilot.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Figure 4-55 PFD1 Display after PFD2 Failure
APPENDICES
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Audio Panel and CNS
Audio Panel Fail-safe Operation
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
If there is a failure of both Audio Panels, a fail-safe circuit connects the pilot’s headset and microphone directly
to the COM1 transceiver and the copilot’s headset directly to the COM2 transceiver. Audio will not be available
on the speakers.
If there is a failure of one Audio Panel, the remaining one will not have access to the others side’s COM and
NAV. For example, if the pilot side Audio Panel fails, the copilot side Audio Panel has access to all the radios
except for COM1 and NAV1.
EICAS
Reversionary Mode
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
The red DISPLAY BACKUP Button selects the Reversionary Mode. See the System Overview Section for
more information on Reversionary Mode.
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure 4-56 Reversionary Mode Button
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Flight Management
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Section 5 Flight Management
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
5.1 Introduction
The G1000 is an integrated flight, engine, communication, navigation and surveillance system. This section of
the Pilot’s Guide explains flight management using the G1000.
EICAS
The most prominent part of the G1000 are the three full color displays: two Primary Flight Displays (PFD) and
a Multi Function Display (MFD). The information to successfully navigate the aircraft using the GPS sensors is
displayed on the PFD and the MFD. See examples in the Figure 5-1 and Figure 5-2. Detailed descriptions of flight
management functions are discussed later in this section.
A brief description of the GPS navigation data on the PFD and MFD follows.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Navigation mode indicates which sensor is providing the course data (e.g., GPS, VOR) and the flight plan phase
(e.g., Departure (DPRT), Terminal (TERM), Enroute (ENR), Oceanic (OCN), Approach (LNAV, LNAV+V, L/VNAV,
or LPV), or Missed Approach (MAPR)).
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
The Inset Map is a small version of the MFD Navigation Map and can be displayed in the lower left corner of
the PFD. When the system is in reversionary mode, the Inset Map can be displayed in the lower right corner. The
Inset Map is displayed by pressing the INSET Softkey. Pressing the INSET Softkey again, then pressing the OFF
Softkey removes the Inset Map.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
The Navigation Map displays aviation data (e.g., airports, VORs, airways, airspaces), geographic data (e.g.,
cities, lakes, highways, borders), topographic data (map shading indicating elevation), and hazard data (e.g.,
traffic, terrain, weather). The amount of displayed data can be reduced by selecting the DCLTR Softkey. The
Navigation Map can be oriented four different ways: North Up (NORTH UP), Track Up (TRK UP), Desired Track
Up (DTK UP), or Heading Up (HDG UP).
AFCS
An aircraft icon is placed on the Navigation Map at the location corresponding to the calculated present position.
The aircraft position and the flight plan legs are accurately based on GPS calculations. The basemap upon which
these are placed are from a source with less resolution, therefore the relative position of the aircraft to map features
is not exact. The leg of the active flight plan currently being flown is shown as a magenta line on the navigation
map. The other legs are shown in white.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
There are 28 different map ranges available, from 500 feet to 2000 nm. The current range is indicated in the
lower right corner of the map and represents the top-to-bottom distance covered by the map. To change the map
range on any map, turn the Joystick counter-clockwise to zoom in ( -, decreasing), or clockwise to zoom out (+,
increasing).
APPENDICES
The Direct-to Window, the Flight Plan Window, the Procedures Window, and the Nearest Airports Window
can be displayed in the lower right corner of the PFD. Details of these windows are discussed in detail later in
the section.
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Flight Management
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Navigation Status Box
Navigation Mode
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EICAS
Inset Map
Location of:
- Direct To Window
- Flight Plan Window
- Procedures Window
- Nearest Airports Window
Figure 5-1 GPS Navigation Information on the PFD
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Navigation Status Box
Map Orientation
Navigation Map
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
- Aviation Data
- Geographic Data
- Topographic Data
- Hazard Data
Active Flight Plan Leg
AFCS
Aircraft Icon
at Present Position
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Flight Plan Leg
APPENDICES
Map Range
INDEX
Figure 5-2 GPS Navigation Information on the MFD Navigation Page
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Flight Management
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Navigation Status Box
The Navigation Status Box located at the top of the PFD contains two fields displaying the following
information:
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
PFD Navigation Status Box
The Navigation Status Box located at the top of the
MFD contains four data fields, each displaying one of
the following items:
• Distance (DIS) and Bearing (BRG) to the next
waypoint or flight plan annunciations (e.g., ‘TOD
within 1 minute’)
• Bearing (BRG)
Symbol
Description
Active Leg
• Desired Track (DTK)
• Endurance (END)
• Enroute Safe Altitude (ESA)
• Estimated Time of Arrival (ETA)
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Direct-to
• Distance (DIS)
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
The symbols used in the PFD status bar are:
EICAS
• Active flight plan leg (e.g., ‘D-> KICT’ or ‘KIXD > KCOS’) or flight plan annunciations (e.g., ‘Turn
right to 021˚ in 8 seconds’)
• Estimated Time Enroute (ETE)
Right Procedure Turn
Left Procedure Turn
• Fuel over Destination (FOD)
• Ground Speed (GS)
• Minimum Safe Altitude (MSA)
Left Holding Pattern
• True Air Speed (TAS)
Vector to Final
• Track Angle Error (TKE)
Left DME Arc
• Track (TRK)
AFCS
Right DME Arc
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Right Holding Pattern
• Fuel on Board (FOB)
• Vertical Speed Required (VSR)
• Crosstrack Error (XTK)
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
MFD Navigation Status Box
APPENDICES
The navigation information displayed in the four data fields can be selected on the MFD Data Bar Fields Box
on the AUX - System Setup Page. The default selections (in order left to right) are GS, DTK, TRK, and ETE.
Changing a field in the MFD Navigation Status Box:
1) Select the System Setup Page.
INDEX
2) Press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the desired field number in the MFD Data Bar Fields Box.
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OVERVIEW
Flight Management
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to display and scroll through the data options list.
5) Select the desired data.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
6) Press the ENT Key. Selecting the DFLTS Softkey returns any field to its default setting.
5.2 Using Map Displays
Map displays are used extensively in the G1000 to provide situational awareness in flight. Most G1000 maps
can display the following information:
EICAS
• Airports, NAVAIDs, airspaces, airways, land data
(highways, cities, lakes, rivers, borders, etc.) with
names
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
• Map Pointer information (distance and bearing to
pointer, location of pointer, name, and other pertinent
information)
• Icons for enabled map features
• Aircraft icon (representing present position)
• Nav range ring
• Flight plan legs
• User waypoints
• Map range
• Track vector
• Wind direction and speed
• Topography scale
• Map orientation
• Topography data
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
The information in this section applies to the following maps unless otherwise noted:
• All Map Group Pages (MAP)
• Flight Plan Pages (FPL)
• All Waypoint Group Pages (WPT)
• Direct-to Window
• AUX - Trip Planning
• PFD Inset Map
• All Nearest Group Pages (NRST)
• Procedure Loading Pages
AFCS
Map Orientation
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Maps are shown in one of four different orientation options, allowing flexibility in determining aircraft
position relative to other items on the map (north up) or for determining where map items are relative to where
the aircraft is going (track up, desired track up, or heading up). The map orientation is shown in the upper
right corner of the map.
Figure 5-3 Map Orientation
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Flight Management
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
• North up (NORTH UP) aligns the top of the map display to north (default setting).
• Track up (TRK UP) aligns the top of the map display to the current ground track.
• Desired track up (DTK UP) aligns the top of the map display to the desired course.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
• Heading up (HDG UP) aligns the top of the map display to the current aircraft heading.
Note: When panning or reviewing active flight plan legs in a non-North Up orientation, the map does not
show the map orientation nor the wind direction and speed.
EICAS
Note: Map orientation can only be changed on the Navigation Map Page. Any other displays that show
navigation data reflect the orientation selected for the Navigation Map Page:
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Changing the Navigation Map orientation:
1) With the Navigation Map Page displayed, press the MENU Key. The cursor flashes on the ‘Map Setup’ option.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Map Setup
Selection
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure 5-4 Navigation Map Page Menu Window
2) Press the ENT Key to display the Map Setup Window.
AFCS
3) Turn the large FMS Knob, or press the ENT Key once, to select the ‘ORIENTATION’ field.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Flight Management
Map Group Selection
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EICAS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Orientation Field
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Figure 5-5 Map Setup Menu Window - Map Group
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the desired orientation.
5) Press the ENT Key to select the new orientation.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
6) Press the FMS Knob to return to the base page.
Map Range
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
There are 28 different map ranges available, from 500 feet to 2000 nm. The current range is indicated in
the lower right corner of the map and represents the top-to-bottom distance covered by the map. When the
map range is decreased to a point that exceeds the capability of the G1000 to accurately represent the map,
a magnifying glass icon is shown to the left of the map range. To change the map range turn the Joystick
counter-clockwise to decrease the range, or clockwise to increase the range.
APPENDICES
Range Overzoom
INDEX
Figure 5-6 Map Range
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Flight Management
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Auto Zoom
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Auto zoom allows the G1000 to change the map display range to the smallest range clearly showing the
active waypoint. Auto zoom can be overridden by adjusting the range with the Joystick, and remains until
the active waypoint changes, a terrain or traffic alert occurs, the aircraft takes off, or the manual override times
out (timer set on Map Setup Window).
EICAS
If a terrain caution or warning occurs, any map page displaying TAWS/TERRAIN data automatically adjusts
to the smallest map range clearly showing the highest priority alert. If a new traffic advisory alert occurs, any
map page capable of displaying traffic advisory alerts automatically adjusts to the smallest map range clearly
showing the traffic advisory. When terrain or traffic alerts clear, the map returns to the previous auto zoom
range based on the active waypoint.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
The auto zoom function can be turned on or off independently for the PFDs and MFD. Control of the
ranges at which the auto zoom occurs is done by setting the minimum and maximum ‘look forward’ times
(set on the Map Setup Window for the Map Group). These settings determine the minimum and maximum
distance to display based upon the aircraft’s ground speed.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
• Waypoints that are long distances apart cause the map range to increase to a point where many details on
the map are decluttered. If this is not acceptable, lower the maximum look ahead time to a value that limits
the auto zoom to an acceptable range.
• Waypoints that are very short distances apart cause the map range to decrease to a point where situational
awareness may not be what is desired. Increase the minimum look ahead time to a value that limits the auto
zoom to a minimum range that provides acceptable situational awareness.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
• Flight plans that have a combination of long and short legs cause the range to increase and decrease as
waypoints sequence. To avoid this, auto zoom can be disabled or the maximum/minimum times can be
adjusted.
• The ‘time out’ time (configurable on the Map Setup Page for the Map Group) determines how long auto
zoom is overridden by a manual adjustment of the range knob. At this expiration of this time, the auto
zoom range is restored. Setting the ‘time out’ value to zero causes the manual override to never time out.
AFCS
• When the maximum ‘look forward’ time is set to zero, the upper limit becomes the maximum range available
(2000 nm).
• When the minimum ‘look forward’ time is set to zero, the lower limit becomes 1.5 nm.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Flight Management
Auto Zoom:
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Off, MFD Only, PFD Only, All On
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EICAS
Manual Range Override
Expiration Time
Maximum Look Forward Time
Minimum Look Forward Time
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Figure 5-7 Map Setup Menu Window - Map Group, Auto Zoom
Configuring automatic zoom:
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
1) Press the MENU Key with the Navigation Map Page displayed. The cursor flashes on the ‘Map Setup’ option.
2) Press the ENT Key. The Map Setup Menu is displayed.
3) Select the ‘Map’ group.
4) Press the ENT Key.
5) Highlight the ‘AUTO ZOOM’ field.
AFCS
6) Select ‘Off’, ‘MFD Only’, ‘PFD Only’, or ‘ALL On’.
7) Press the ENT Key to accept the selected option. The flashing cursor highlights the ‘MAX LOOK FWD’ field.
Times are from zero to 999 minutes.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
8) Use the FMS Knobs to set the time. Press the ENT Key.
9) Repeat step 8 for ‘MIN LOOK FWD’ (zero to 99 minutes) and ‘MAX LOOK FWD’ (zero to 999 minutes).
INDEX
APPENDICES
10) Press the FMS Knob to return to the Navigation Map Page.
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Flight Management
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Map Panning
Map panning allows the pilot to:
• View parts of the map outside the displayed range without adjusting the map range
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
• Highlight and select locations on the map
• Review information for a selected airport, NAVAID or user waypoint
• Designate locations for use in flight planning
• View airspace and airway information
EICAS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
When the panning function is selected by pressing the Joystick, the Map Pointer flashes on the map display.
A window also appears at the top of the map display showing the latitude/longitude position of the pointer,
the bearing and distance to the pointer from the aircraft’s present position, and the elevation of the land at the
position of the pointer.
Map Pointer
Information
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Map Pointer
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Figure 5-8 Navigation Map - Map Pointer Activated
APPENDICES
Note: The map is normally centered on the aircraft’s position. If the map has been panned and there has
been no pointer movement for about 60 seconds, the map reverts back to centered on the aircraft position
and the flashing pointer is removed.
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Flight Management
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
When the Map Pointer is placed on an object, the name of the object is highlighted (even if the name was
not originally displayed on the map). When any map feature or object is selected on the map display, pertinent
information is displayed.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EICAS
Information about
Point of Interest
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Map Pointer
on POI
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
Figure 5-9 Navigation Map - Map Pointer on Point of Interest
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Flight Management
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
When the Map Pointer crosses an airspace boundary, the boundary is highlighted and airspace information
is shown at the top of the display. The information includes the name and class of airspace, the ceiling in feet
above Mean Sea Level (MSL), and the floor in feet MSL.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Information
about Airspace
Map Pointer
on Airspace
EICAS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure 5-10 Navigation Map - Map Pointer on Airspace
Panning the map:
AFCS
1) Press the Joystick to display the Map Pointer.
2) Move the Joystick to move the Map Pointer around the map.
3) Press the Joystick to remove the Map Pointer and recenter the map on the aircraft’s current position.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Flight Management
Reviewing information for an airport, NAVAID, or user waypoint:
1) Place the Map Pointer on a waypoint.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
2) Press the ENT Key to display the Waypoint Information Page for the selected waypoint.
3) Press the GO BACK Softkey, the CLR Key, or the ENT Key to exit the Waypoint Information Page.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EICAS
NAVAID
Information
GO BACK Softkey
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
Figure 5-11 Navigation Map - Information Window - NAVAID
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Flight Management
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Viewing airspace information for a special-use or controlled airspace:
1) Place the Map Pointer on an open area within the boundaries of an airspace.
2) Press the ENT Key to display an options menu.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
3) ‘Review Airspace?’ should already be highlighted, if not select it. Press the ENT Key to display the Airspace
Information Page for the selected airspace.
4) Press the CLR or ENT Key to exit the Airspace Information Page.
EICAS
Airspace
Information
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
AFCS
Figure 5-12 Navigation Map - Information Window - Airspace
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Flight Management
Measuring Bearing and Distance
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Distance and bearing from the aircraft’s present position to any point on the viewable navigation map may be
calculated using the ‘Measure Bearing and Distance’ selection from Navigation Map page menu. The bearing
and distance tool displays a dashed Measurement Line and a Measure Pointer to aid in graphically identifying
points with which to measure. Lat/Long, distance and elevation data for the Measure Pointer is provided in a
window at the top of the navigation map.
Measuring bearing and distance between any two points:
EICAS
1) Press the MENU Key (with the Navigation Map Page displayed).
2) Highlight the ‘Measure Bearing/Distance’ field.
3) Press the ENT Key. A Measure Pointer is displayed on the map at the aircraft’s present position.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
4) Move the Joystick to place the reference pointer at the desired location. The bearing and distance are displayed
at the top of the map. Elevation at the current pointer position is also displayed. Pressing the ENT Key changes
the starting point for measuring.
5) To exit the Measure Bearing/Distance option, press the Joystick
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Or:
Select ‘Stop Measuring’ from the page menu and press the ENT Key.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Measurement
Information
Pointer
Lat/Long
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
Measurement
Line
INDEX
Figure 5-13 Navigation Map - Measuring Bearing and Distance
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Flight Management
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Topography
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
All navigation maps can display various shades of topography colors representing land elevation, similar
to aviation sectional charts. Topographic data can be displayed or removed as described in the following
procedures.
Navigation Map
Topographic Data
EICAS
Navigation Map
Black Background
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
TOPO Softkey
Not Enabled
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
TOPO Softkey
Enabled
TOPO Off
TOPO On
Figure 5-14 Navigation Map - Topographic Data
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Displaying/removing topographic data on all pages displaying navigation maps:
1) Press the MAP Softkey (the INSET Softkey for the PFD Inset Map).
2) Select the TOPO Softkey.
3) Select the TOPO Softkey again to remove topographic data from the Navigation Map. When topographic data
is removed from the page, all navigation data is presented on a black background.
AFCS
Displaying/removing topographic data (TOPO DATA) using the Navigation Map Page Menu:
1) Press the MENU Key with the Navigation Map Page displayed. The cursor flashes on the ‘Map Setup’ option.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
2) Press the ENT Key. The Map Setup Menu is displayed.
3) Select the ‘Map’ group.
4) Press the ENT Key.
APPENDICES
5) Highlight the ‘TOPO DATA’ field.
6) Select ‘On’ or ‘Off’.
7) Press the FMS Knob to return to the Navigation Map Page.
INDEX
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FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Flight Management
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EICAS
TOPO DATA
On/Off
TOPO DATA
Range
Figure 5-15 Navigation Map Setup Menu - TOPO DATA Setup
The topographic data range is the maximum map range on which topographic data is displayed.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Note: Since the PFD Inset Map is much smaller than the MFD navigation maps, items are removed on the
PFD Inset Map two range levels smaller than the range selected in the Map Setup pages (e.g., a setting
of 100 nm removes the item at ranges above 100 nm on MFD navigation maps, while the PFD Inset Map
removes the same item at 50 nm).
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Selecting a topographical data range (TOPO DATA):
1) Press the MENU Key with the Navigation Map Page displayed. The cursor flashes on the ‘Map Setup’ option.
2) Press the ENT Key. The Map Setup Menu is displayed.
3) Select the ‘Map’ group.
AFCS
4) Press the ENT Key.
5) Highlight the ‘TOPO DATA’ range field. TOPO ranges are from 500 ft to 2000 nm.
6) To change the TOPO range setting, turn the small FMS Knob to display the range list.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
7) Select the desired range using the small FMS Knob.
8) Press the ENT Key.
9) Press the FMS Knob to return to the Navigation Map Page.
INDEX
APPENDICES
In addition, the Navigation Map can display a topographic scale (located in the lower right hand side of the
map) showing a scale of the terrain elevation and current elevation values as shown following.
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Flight Management
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Maximum Displayed Elevation
Minimum Displayed Elevation
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Aircraft Altitude (MSL)
Range of
Displayed
Elevations
EICAS
Ground Elevation at Map Pointer
Location (only visible when Map
Pointer is displayed)
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Figure 5-16 Navigation Map - TOPO SCALE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Displaying/removing the topographic scale (TOPO SCALE):
1) Press the MENU Key with the Navigation Map Page displayed. The cursor flashes on the ‘Map Setup’ option.
2) Press the ENT Key. The Map Setup Menu is displayed.
3) Select the ‘Map’ group and press the ENT Key.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
4) Highlight the ‘TOPO SCALE’ field.
5) Select ‘On’ or ‘Off’.
6) Press the FMS Knob to return to the Navigation Map Page.
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
TOPO SCALE
On/Off
Figure 5-17 Navigation Map Setup Menu - TOPO SCALE Setup
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Flight Management
Map Symbols
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
This section discusses the types of land and aviation symbols that can be displayed. Each listed type of symbol
can be turned on or off, and the maximum range to display each symbol can be set. The decluttering of the
symbols from the map using the DCLTR Softkey is also discussed.
Land Symbols
The following items are configured on the land menu:
Land Symbols
EICAS
(Text label size can be None, Small, Medium (Med), or Large
(Lrg)
Symbol
Default
Maximum
Range (nm) Range (nm)
Latitude/Longitude (LAT/LON)
Off
2000
Interstate Highway (FREEWAY)
300
800
International Highway (FREEWAY)
300
800
US Highway (NATIONAL HWY)
30
80
State Highway (LOCAL HWY)
15
30
8
15
Railroads (RAILROAD)
15
30
LARGE CITY (> 200,000)
800
1500
MEDIUM CITY (> 50,000)
100
200
SMALL CITY (> 5,000)
States and Provinces (STATE/PROV)
20
800
50
1500
Rivers and Lakes (RIVER/LAKE)
200
500
USER WAYPOINT
150
300
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Highways and Roads
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Local Road (LOCAL ROAD)
N/A
INDEX
APPENDICES
Table 5-1 Land Symbol Information
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OVERVIEW
Aviation Symbols
The following items are configured on the aviation menu:
Aviation Symbols
Symbol
Default
Maximum
Range (nm) Range (nm)
2000
500
300
100
20
100
30
Non-directional Beacon (NDB WAYPOINT)
15
30
VOR (VOR WAYPOINT)
150
300
Class B Airspace/TMA (CLASS B/TMA)
200
500
Class C Airspace/TCA (CLASS C/TCA)
200
500
Class D Airspace (CLASS D)
150
300
Restricted Area (RESTRICTED)
200
500
Military Operations Area [MOA(MILITARY)]
200
500
Other/Air Defense Interdiction Zone (OTHER/ADIZ)
200
500
Temporary Flight Restriction (TFR)
500
2000
See Airports, NAVAIDs
See Additional Features
N/A
APPENDICES
2000
250
150
50
3
Off
15
Active Flight Plan Waypoint (ACTIVE FPL WPT)
Large Airports (LARGE APT)
Medium Airports (MEDIUM APT)
Small Airports (SMALL APT)
Taxiways (SAFETAXI)
Runway Extension (RWY EXTENSION)
Intersection (INT WAYPOINT)
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
2000
AFCS
2000
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Non-active Flight Plan Leg (ACTIVE FPL)
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
2000
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
2000
EICAS
Active Flight Plan Leg (ACTIVE FPL)
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
(Text label size can be None, Small, Medium (Med),
or Large (Lrg)
Table 5-2 Aviation Symbol Information
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Flight Management
Symbol Setup
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
All pages with maps can display land symbols (roads, lakes, borders, etc). Land symbols can be removed
totally (turned off).
Displaying/removing all land symbols:
1) Press the MENU Key with the Navigation Map Page displayed. The Page Menu is displayed and the cursor
flashes on the ‘Map Setup’ option.
2) Press the ENT Key. The Map Setup Group Menu is displayed and the cursor flashes on the ‘Map’ option.
EICAS
3) Highlight the ‘LAND DATA’ field.
4) Select ‘On’ or ‘Off.’.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
5) Press the FMS Knob to return to the Navigation Map Page.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
LAND DATA
On/Off
AFCS
Figure 5-18 Navigation Map Setup Menu - TOPO SCALE Setup
The label size (TEXT) sets the size at which labels appear on the display (none, small, medium, and large).
The range (RNG) sets the maximum range at which items appear on the display.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Selecting a ‘Land’ or ‘Aviation’ group item text size and range:
1) Press the MENU Key with the Navigation Map Page displayed. The cursor flashes on the ‘Map Setup’ option.
2) Press the ENT Key. The Map Setup Menu is displayed.
APPENDICES
3) Select the ‘Land’ or ‘Aviation’ group.
4) Press the ENT Key. The cursor flashes on the first field.
5) Select the desired land option.
6) Select the desired text size.
INDEX
7) Press the ENT Key to accept the selected size.
6) Select the desired range.
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
7) Press the ENT Key to accept the selected range.
8) Press the FMS Knob to return to the Navigation Map Page.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Maximum Display Range
EICAS
Text Label Size
(None, Small Med, or Lrg)
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Figure 5-19 Navigation Map Setup Menu - LAND GROUP Setup
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Text Label Size
(None, Small Med, or Lrg)
Maximum Display Range
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Figure 5-20 Navigation Map Setup Menu - AVIATION GROUP Setup
APPENDICES
Note: Since the PFD Inset Map is much smaller than the MFD navigation maps, items are removed on the
PFD Inset Map two range levels smaller than the range selected in the Map Setup pages (e.g., a setting
of 100 nm removes the item at ranges above 100 nm on MFD navigation maps, while the PFD Inset Map
removes the same item at 50 nm).
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Flight Management
Map Declutter
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The declutter feature allows the pilot to progressively step through four levels of removing map information.
The declutter level is displayed in the DCLTR Softkey and next to the Declutter Menu Option.
Declutter Level
EICAS
DCLTR Softkey
Navigation Map Page Menu
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Figure 5-21 Navigation Map - Declutter Level Indications
Decluttering the map:
Select the DCLTR Softkey with the Navigation Map Page displayed (the current declutter level is shown on the
softkey). With each softkey selection, another level of map information is removed.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Or:
1) Press the MENU Key with the Navigation Map Page displayed.
2) Select ‘Declutter’. The current declutter level is shown.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
3) Press the ENT Key.
Decluttering the PFD Inset Map:
1) Press the INSET Softkey.
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
2) Press the DCLTR Softkey. The current declutter level is shown. With each selection, another level of map
information is removed.
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OVERVIEW
Table 5-3 lists the items displayed at each declutter level. The ‘X’ represents map items displayed for the
various levels of declutter.
Item
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
EICAS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
Flight Plan Route Lines
Flight Plan Route Waypoints
Rivers/Lakes
Topography Data
International Borders
Track Vector
Navigation Range Ring
Fuel Range Ring
Terrain Data
Traffic
Airways
NEXRAD
XM Lightning Data
Airports
Runway Labels
Restricted
MOA (Military)
User Waypoints
Latitude/Longitude Grid
NAVAIDs
Class B Airspaces/TMA
Class C Airspaces/TCA
Class D Airspaces
Other Airspaces/ADIZ
TFRs
Obstacles
Land/Country Text
Cities
Roads
Railroads
State/Province Boundaries
River/Lake Names
No Declutter Declutter-1 Declutter-2 Declutter-3
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
Table 5-3 Navigation Map Items Displayed by Declutter Level
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Flight Management
Airways
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
This airways discussion is based upon the North American airway structure. The airway structure in places
other than North America vary by location, etc. and are not discussed in this book. Low Altitude Airways (or
Victor Airways) primarily serve smaller piston-engine, propeller-driven airplanes on shorter routes and at lower
altitudes. Airways are eight nautical miles wide and start 1,200 feet above ground level (AGL) and extend up
to 18,000 feet mean sea level (MSL). Low Altitude Airways are designated with a “V” before the airway number
(hence the name “Victor Airways”) since they run primarily between VORs.
EICAS
High Altitude Airways (or Jet Routes) primarily serve airliners, jets, turboprops, and turbocharged piston
aircraft operating above 18,000 feet MSL. Jet Routes start at 18,000 feet MSL and extend upward to 45,000 feet
MSL (altitudes above 18,000 feet are called “flight levels” and are described as FL450 for 45,000 feet MSL). Jet
Routes are designated with a “J” before the route number.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Low Altitude Airways are drawn in gray (the same shade used for roads). High Altitude Airways are drawn
in green. When both types of airways are displayed, High Altitude Airways are drawn on top of Low Altitude
Airways.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
When airways are selected for display on the map, the airway waypoints (VORs, NDBs and Intersections) are
also displayed.
Low Altitude Airway
(Victor Airway)
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
High Altitude Airway
(Jet Route)
INDEX
APPENDICES
Figure 5-22 Airways on MFD Navigation Page
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Airways may be displayed on the map at the pilot’s discretion using either a combination of AIRWAYS Softkey
selections, or menu selections using the MENU Key from the Navigation Map Page. The Airway range can also
be programmed to only display Airways on the MFD when the map range is at or below a specific number.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Displaying/removing airways:
1) Select the MAP Softkey.
2) Select the AIRWAYS Softkey. Both High and Low Altitude Airways are displayed (AIRWY ON).
3) Select the softkey again to display Low Altitude Airways only (AIRWY LO).
EICAS
4) Select the softkey again to display High Altitude Airways only (AIRWY HI).
5) Select the softkey again to remove High Altitude Airways. No airways are displayed (AIRWAYS).
Or:
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
1) Press the MENU Key with the Navigation Map Page displayed. The cursor flashes on the ‘Map Setup’ option.
2) Press the ENT Key. The Map Setup Menu is displayed.
3) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the ‘Airways’ group, and press the ENT Key.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
4) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the ‘AIRWAYS’ field.
5) Turn the FMS Knob to select ‘Off’, ‘All’, ‘LO Only’, or ‘HI Only’, and press the ENT Key.
6) Press the FMS Knob to return to the Navigation Map Page.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Airway Display Selection
Off, All, LO ALT Only, HI ALT Only
Low Altitude Airway Range
High Altitude Airway Range
Figure 5-23 Navigation Map Setup Menu - AIRWAYS Setup
AFCS
The airway range is the maximum map range on which airways are displayed.
Selecting an airway range (LOW ALT AIRWAY or HI ALT AIRWAY):
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
1) Press the MENU Key with the Navigation Map Page displayed. The cursor flashes on the ‘Map Setup’ option.
2) Press the ENT Key. The Map Setup Menu is displayed.
3) Select the ‘Airway’ group.
APPENDICES
4) Press the ENT Key.
5) Highlight the ‘LOW ALT AIRWAY’ or ‘HI ALT AIRWAY’ range field.
6) To change the range setting, turn the small FMS Knob to display the range list.
7) Select the desired range using the small FMS Knob.
INDEX
8) Press the ENT Key.
9) Press the FMS Knob to return to the Navigation Map Page.
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Flight Management
The following range items are configurable on the airways menu:
Airway Type
Symbol
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Low Altitude Airway (LOW ALT AIRWAY)
Default
Maximum
Range (nm) Range (nm)
200
500
High Altitude Airway (HI ALT AIRWAY)
300
500
EICAS
Table 5-4 Airway Range Information
Track Vector
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
The Navigation Map can display a track vector that is useful in minimizing track angle error. The track vector
is a solid light blue line segment extended to a predicted location. The track vector look-ahead time is selectable
(30 sec, 60 sec (default), 2 min, 5 min, 10 min, 20 min) and determines the length of the track vector. The track
vector shows up to 90 degrees of a turn for the 30 and 60 second time settings.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Track Vector
Figure 5-24 Navigation Map -Track Vector
Displaying/removing the track vector:
1) Press the MENU Key with the Navigation Map Page displayed. The cursor flashes on the ‘Map Setup’ option.
AFCS
2) Press the ENT Key. The Map Setup Menu is displayed.
3) Select the ‘Map’ group.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
4) Press the ENT Key.
5) Highlight the ‘TRACK VECTOR’ field.
6) Select ‘On’ or ‘Off’. Press the ENT Key to accept the selected option. The flashing cursor highlights the look
ahead time field. Use the FMS Knob to select the desired time. Press the ENT Key.
INDEX
APPENDICES
7) Press the FMS Knob to return to the Navigation Map Page.
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Nav Range Ring On/Off
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Wind Vector On/Off
Track Vector
- On/Off
- Look Ahead Time
EICAS
Fuel Range
- On/Off
- Fuel Reserve Time
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Figure 5-25 Navigation Map Setup Menu -TRACK VECTOR, WIND VECTOR, NAV RANGE RING, FUEL RANGE RING Setup
Wind Vector
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Wind Direction
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
The map displays a wind vector arrow in the upper right-hand portion of the screen. Wind vector information
is displayed as a white arrow pointing in the direction in which the wind is moving for wind speeds greater than
or equal to 1 kt.
Wind Speed
Figure 5-26 Navigation Map - Wind Vector
AFCS
Note: The wind vector is not displayed until the aircraft is moving. It is not displayed on the Waypoint
Information pages.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Displaying/removing the wind vector:
1) Press the MENU Key with the Navigation Map Page displayed. The cursor flashes on the ‘Map Setup’ option.
2) Press the ENT Key. The Map Setup Menu is displayed.
APPENDICES
3) Select the ‘Map’ group.
4) Press the ENT Key.
5) Highlight the ‘WIND VECTOR’ field.
6) Select ‘On’ or ‘Off’.
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INDEX
7) Press the FMS Knob to return to the Navigation Map Page.
163
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Flight Management
Nav Range Ring
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The Nav Range Ring shows the direction of travel (ground track) on a rotating compass card. The range is
determined by the map range. The range is 1/4 of the map range (e.g., 37.5 nm on a 150 nm map).
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EICAS
Range (radius)
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Nav Range Ring
Figure 5-27 Navigation Map - Nav Range Ring
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Note: The Nav Range Ring is not displayed on the Waypoint Information pages, Nearest pages, or Direct-to
Window map.
Displaying/removing the Nav Range Ring:
1) Press the MENU Key with the Navigation Map Page displayed. The cursor flashes on the ‘Map Setup’ option.
AFCS
2) Press the ENT Key. The Map Setup Menu is displayed.
3) Select the ‘Map’ group.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
4) Press the ENT Key.
5) Highlight the ‘NAV RANGE RING’ field.
6) Select ‘On’ or ‘Off’.
APPENDICES
7) Press the FMS Knob to return to the Navigation Map Page.
Note: The Nav Range Ring is referenced to either magnetic or true north, based on the selection on the AUX
INDEX
- System Setup Page.
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Fuel Range Ring
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The map can display a fuel range ring which shows the remaining flight distance. A dashed green circle
indicates the selected range to reserve fuel. A solid green circle indicates the total endurance range. If only
reserve fuel remains, the range is indicated by a solid yellow circle.
EICAS
Time to
Reserve Fuel
Total Endurance
Range
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Range to
Reserve Fuel
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Figure 5-28 Navigation Map - Fuel Range Ring
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Displaying/removing the fuel range ring and selecting a fuel range time:
1) Press the MENU Key with the Navigation Map Page displayed. The cursor flashes on the ‘Map Setup’ option.
2) Press the ENT Key. The Map Setup Menu is displayed.
3) Select the ‘Map’ group.
AFCS
4) Press the ENT Key.
5) Highlight the ‘FUEL RNG (RSV)’ field.
6) Select ‘On’ or ‘Off’.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
7) Highlight the fuel reserve time field. This time should be set to the amount of flight time equal to the amount
of fuel reserve desired.
8) To change the reserve fuel time, enter a time (00:00 to 23:59; hours:minutes). The default setting is 00:45
minutes.
APPENDICES
9) Press the ENT Key.
10) Press the FMS Knob to return to the Navigation Map Page.
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Flight Management
Field of View (SVS)
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The map can display the boundaries of the PFD Synthetic Vision System (SVS) lateral field of view. The field
of view is shown as two dashed lines forming a V shape in front of the aircraft symbol on the map. This is only
available if SVS is installed on the aircraft.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EICAS
Lateral Field
of View
Boundaries
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Figure 5-29 Navigation Map - Field of View
Displaying/removing the field of view:
1) Press the MENU Key with the Navigation Map Page displayed. The cursor flashes on the ‘Map Setup’ option.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
2) Press the ENT Key. The Map Setup Menu is displayed.
3) Select the ‘Map’ group.
4) Press the ENT Key.
5) Highlight the ‘FIELD OF VIEW’ field.
AFCS
6) Select ‘On’ or ‘Off’.
7) Press the ENT Key.
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
8) Press the FMS Knob to return to the Navigation Map Page.
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OVERVIEW
5.3 Waypoints
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Waypoints are predetermined geographical positions (internal database) or pilot-entered positions, and are
used for all phases of flight planning and navigation.
Communication and navigation frequencies can be tuned “automatically” from various Waypoint Information
(WPT) pages, Nearest (NRST) pages, and the Nearest Airports Window (on PFD). This auto-tuning feature
simplifies frequency entry over manual tuning. Refer to the CNS and Audio Panel section for details on autotuning.
Facility
Entry
Field
- Waypoint Identifier
- Type (symbol)
- Facility Name
- City
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
City Entry Field
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Identifier Entry Field
EICAS
Waypoints can be selected by entering the ICAO identifier, entering the name of the facility, or by entering
the city name. See the System Overview section for detailed instructions on entering data in the G1000. As a
waypoint identifier, facility name, or location is entered, the G1000’s Spell’N’Find™ feature scrolls through the
database, displaying those waypoints matching the characters which have been entered to that point. A direct-to
navigation leg to the selected waypoint can be initiated by pressing the Direct-to Key on any of the waypoint
pages.
Entered Waypoint on
Map
Map Area Showing
Entered Waypoint
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Waypoint Location
AFCS
Figure 5-30 Waypoint Information Window
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
If duplicate entries exist for the entered facility name or location, additional entries may be viewed by continuing
to turn the small FMS Knob during the selection process. If duplicate entries exist for an identifier, a Duplicate
Waypoints Window is displayed when the ENT Key is pressed.
APPENDICES
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Flight Management
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Identifier with
Duplicates
EICAS
Duplicate
Waypoints
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Duplicate
Message
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Figure 5-31 Waypoint Information Window - Duplicate Identifier
Airports
Note: ‘North Up’ orientation on the Airport Information Page cannot be changed; the pilot needs to be
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
aware of proper orientation if the Navigation Map orientation is different from the Airport Information Page
Map.
AFCS
The Airport Information Page is the first page in WPT group and allows the pilot to view airport information,
load frequencies (COM, NAV, and lighting), review runways, and review instrument procedures that may be
involved in the flight plan. See the Audio Panel and CNS Section for more information on loading frequencies
(auto-tuning). After engine startup, the Airport Information Page defaults to the airport where the aircraft is
located. After a flight plan has been loaded, it defaults to the destination airport. On a flight plan with multiple
airports, it defaults to the airport which is the current active waypoint.
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
In addition to displaying a map of the currently selected airport and surrounding area, the Airport Information
Page displays airport information in three boxes labeled ‘AIRPORT’, ‘RUNWAYS’, and ‘FREQUENCIES’. For
airports with multiple runways, information for each runway is available.
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Airport Information
Navigation Map
Showing Selected
Airport
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
- ID/Facility/City
- Usage Type/Region
- Lat/Long/Elev
- Fuel Available
- Time Zone (UTC Offset)
Runway Information
Airport/Runway
Diagram
EICAS
- Designation
- Length/Width/Surface
- Lighting Available
COM/NAV Freq. Info.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
- Identification
- Frequency
- Availability
- Additional Information
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Softkeys
Figure 5-32 Airport Information Page
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
The following descriptions and abbreviations are used on the Airport Information Page:
• Usage type: Public, Military, or Private
• Runway surface type: Hard, Turf, Sealed, Gravel, Dirt, Soft, Unknown, or Water
AFCS
• Runway lighting type: No Lights, Part Time, Full Time, Unknown, or PCL Freq (for pilot-controlled
lighting)
• COM Availability: TX (transmit only), RX (receive only), PT (part time), i (additional information available)
Selecting an airport for review by identifier, facility name, or location:
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
1) From the Airport Information Page, press the FMS Knob.
2) Use the FMS Knobs and enter an identifier, facility name, or location.
3) Press the ENT Key.
APPENDICES
4) Press the FMS Knob to remove the cursor.
Selecting a runway:
1) With the Airport Information Page displayed, press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to place the cursor in the ‘RUNWAYS’ Box, on the runway designator.
INDEX
3) Turn the small FMS Knob to display the desired runway (if more than one) for the selected airport.
4) To remove the flashing cursor, press the FMS Knob.
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Flight Management
View a destination airport:
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
From the Airport Information Page press the MENU Key. Select ‘View Destination Airport’. The Destination
Airport is displayed.The Airport Frequencies Box uses the descriptions and abbreviations listed in the
following table:
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EICAS
Communication Frequencies
Approach * Control
Pre-Taxi
Arrival *
CTA *
Radar
ASOS
Departure * Ramp
ATIS
Gate
Terminal *
AWOS
Ground
TMA *
Center
Helicopter
Tower
Class B *
Multicom
TRSA *
Class C *
Other
Unicom
Clearance
Navigation Frequencies
ILS
LOC
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
* May include Additional Information
Table 5-5 Airport Frequency Abbreviations
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
A departure, arrival, or approach can be loaded using the softkeys on the Airport Information Page. See the
procedures section for details. METARs or TAFs applicable to the selected airport can be selected for display (see
the Hazard Avoidance section for details about weather.
The G1000 provides a NRST Softkey on the PFD, which gives the pilot quick access to nearest airport
information (very useful if an immediate need to land is required). The Nearest Airports Window displays a
list of the 25 nearest airports (three entries can be displayed at one time). If there are more than three they are
displayed in a scrollable list. If there are no nearest airports available, “NONE WITHIN 200NM” is displayed.
AFCS
Bearing/Distance to Airport
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Airport Identifier/
Type
Approach Available
Length of Longest
Runway
COM Freq. Info.
- Identification
- Frequency
APPENDICES
Additional Airports
(within 200 nm)
INDEX
NRST Softkey
Figure 5-33 Nearest Airports Window on PFD
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Pressing the ENT Key displays the PFD Airport Information Window for the highlighted airport. Pressing the
ENT Key again returns to the Nearest Airports Window with the cursor on the next airport in the list. Continued
presses of the ENT Key sequences through the information pages for all airports in the Nearest Airports list.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Airport Information
- ID/Type/City
- Facility
Airport Information
Airport Information
EICAS
- Usage/Time/Elev
- Region
- Lat/Long
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Figure 5-34 Airport Information Window on PFD
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
The Nearest Airports Page on the MFD is first in the group of NRST pages because of its potential use in
the event of an in-flight emergency. In addition to displaying a map of the currently selected airport and
surrounding area, the page displays nearest airport information in five boxes labeled ‘NEAREST AIRPORTS’,
‘INFORMATION’, ‘RUNWAYS’, ‘FREQUENCIES’, and ‘APPROACHES’.
The selected airport is indicated by a white arrow, and a dashed white line is drawn on the navigation map
from the aircraft position to the nearest airport. Up to five nearest airports, one runway, up to five frequencies,
and up to five approaches are visible at one time. If there are more than can be shown, each list can be scrolled.
If there are no items for display in a boxed area, text indicating that fact is displayed. The currently selected
airport remains in the list until it is unselected.
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Flight Management
Nearest Airports
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
- ID/Type
- Bearing/Distance
Navigation Map
Showing Nearest
Airport
Airport Information
- Facility/City/Elevation
Runway Information
EICAS
- Designation/Surface
- Length/Width
COM/NAV Freq. Info.
- Identification
- Frequency
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Nearest Airport
Approaches Available
LD APR Softkey (only
available if an approach
is highlighted)
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Window Selection
Softkeys
Figure 5-35 Nearest Airport Page
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Viewing information for a nearest airport on the PFD:
1) Select the NRST Softkey to display the Nearest Airports Window.
2) Highlight the airport identifier with the FMS Knob and press the ENT Key to display the Airport Information
Window.
AFCS
3) To return to the Nearest Airports Window press the ENT Key (with the cursor on ‘BACK’) or press the CLR
Key. The cursor is now on the next airport in the nearest airports list. (Repeatedly pressing the ENT Key
moves through the airport list, alternating between the Nearest Airports Window and the Airport Information
Window.)
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
4) Press the CLR Key to close the PFD Nearest Airports Window.
Viewing information for a nearest airport on the MFD:
1) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the NRST page group.
APPENDICES
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the Nearest Airports Page (it is the first page of the group, so it may already
be selected. If there are no Nearest Airports available, “NONE WITHIN 200 NM” is displayed.
3) Select the APT Softkey; or press the FMS Knob; or press the MENU Key, highlight ‘Select Airport Window’ and
press the ENT Key. The cursor is placed in the ‘NEAREST AIRPORTS’ Box. The first airport in the nearest airports
list is highlighted.
INDEX
4) Turn the FMS Knob to highlight the desired airport. (Pressing the ENT Key also moves to the next airport)
5) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Viewing runway information for a specific airport:
1) With the Nearest Airports Page displayed, press the RNWY Softkey; or press the MENU Key, highlight ‘Select
Runway Window’; and press the ENT Key. The cursor is placed in the ‘RUNWAYS’ Box.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the desired runway.
3) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
See the Audio Panel and CNS Section for frequency selection and the Procedures section for approaches.
EICAS
The Nearest Airports Box on the System Setup Page defines the minimum runway length and surface type
used when determining the 25 nearest airports to display on the MFD Nearest Airports Page. A minimum
runway length and/or surface type can be entered to prevent airports with small runways or runways that are
not appropriately surfaced from being displayed. Default settings are 0 feet (or meters) for runway length and
“HARD/SOFT” for runway surface type.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Selecting nearest airport surface matching criteria:
1) Use the FMS Knob to select the System Setup Page.
2) Press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the runway surface field in the Nearest Airports Box.
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the desired runway option (ANY, HARD ONLY, HARD/SOFT).
5) Press the ENT Key.
6) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Selecting nearest airport minimum runway length matching criteria:
1) Use the FMS Knob to select the System Setup Page.
2) Press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the minimum length field in the Nearest Airport Box.
AFCS
4) Use the FMS Knob to enter the minimum runway length (zero to 25,000 feet) and press the ENT Key.
5) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
Nearest Airport Criteria
INDEX
- Type of Runway Surface
- Minimum Runway Length
Figure 5-36 System Setup Page - Nearest Airport Selection Criteria
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Flight Management
Intersections
Note: The VOR displayed on the Intersection Information Page is the nearest VOR, not necessarily the VOR
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
used to define the intersection.
EICAS
The Intersection Information Page is used to view information about intersections. In addition to displaying
a map of the currently selected intersection and surrounding area, the Intersection Information Page displays
intersection information in three boxes labeled ‘INTERSECTION’, ‘INFORMATION’, and ‘NEAREST VOR’.
Intersection Identifier
Intersection Info
- Region
- Lat/Long
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Navigation Map
Showing Selected
Intersection
Nearest VOR Info
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
- Identifier/Type (symbol)
- Radial to VOR
- Distance to VOR
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Selected
Intersection
AFCS
Figure 5-37 Intersection Information Page
Select an intersection:
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
1) With the Intersection Information Page displayed, enter an identifier in the Intersection Box.
2) Press the ENT Key.
3) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
APPENDICES
Or:
1) With the Nearest Intersections Page displayed, press the FMS Knob
2) Press the ENT Key or turn either FMS Knob to select an identifier in the Nearest Intersection Box.
INDEX
3) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
The Nearest Intersections Page can be used to quickly find an intersection close to the flight path. In addition
to displaying a map of the surrounding area, the page displays information for up to 25 nearest intersections in
three boxes labeled ‘NEAREST INT’, ‘INFORMATION’, and ‘REFERENCE VOR’.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The selected intersection is indicated by a white arrow. Up to seventeen Intersections are visible at a time. If
there are more than can be shown, the list can be scrolled. If there are no items for display, text indicating that
fact is displayed
Note: The list only includes waypoints that are within 200 nm.
EICAS
Intersection Information
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
- Identifier/Symbol
- Bearing/Distance to
intersection from
aircraft position
Navigation Map
Showing Nearest
Intersection
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Nearest Intersection
Intersection Lat/Long
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Reference VOR Info
- Identifier/Type (symbol)
- VOR Frequency
- Bearing/Distance to VOR
AFCS
Figure 5-38 Nearest Intersections Page
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Flight Management
NDBs
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The NDB Information Page is used to view information about NDBs. In addition to displaying a map of
the currently selected NDB and surrounding area, the page displays NDB information in four boxes labeled
‘NDB’, ‘INFORMATION’, ‘FREQUENCY’, and ‘NEAREST AIRPORT.
NDB Identifier/Type
- Facility Name
- Nearest City
NDB Information
- Type
- Region
- Lat/Long
EICAS
Navigation Map
Showing Selected
NDB
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
NDB Frequency
Nearest Airport Info
Selected NDB
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
- Identifier/Type (symbol)
- Bearing/Distance to
Airport
Figure 5-39 NDB Information Page
Note: Compass locator (LOM): a low power, low or medium frequency radio beacon installed in conjunction
AFCS
with the instrument landing system. When LOM is used, the locator is at the Outer Marker; when LMM is
used, the locator is at the Middle Marker.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Select an NDB:
1) With the NDB Information Page displayed, enter an identifier, the name of the NDB, or the city in which it’s
located in the NDB Box.
2) Press the ENT Key.
APPENDICES
3) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
Or:
1) With the Nearest NDB Page displayed, press the FMS Knob
2) Press the ENT Key or turn either FMS Knob to select an identifier in the Nearest NDB Box.
INDEX
3) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
The Nearest NDB Page can be used to quickly find a NDB close to the flight path. In addition to displaying
a map of the surrounding area, the page displays information for up to 25 nearest NDBs in three boxes labeled
‘NEAREST NDB’, ‘INFORMATION’, and ‘FREQUENCY’.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
A white arrow before the NDB identifier indicates the selected NDB. Up to seventeen NDBs are visible at a
time. If there are more than can be shown, each list can be scrolled. The list only includes waypoints that are
within 200nm. If there are no NDBs in the list, text indicating that there are no nearest NDBs is displayed. If
there are no nearest NDBs in the list, the information and frequency fields are dashed.
EICAS
NDB Identifier/Symbol
- Bearing/Distance to
intersection from
aircraft position
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Navigation Map
Showing Selected
NDB
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
NDB Information
Nearest NDB
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
- Facility Name/City
- Type
- Lat/Long
NDB Frequency
Figure 5-40 Nearest NDB Page
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Flight Management
VORs
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The VOR Information Page can be used to view information about VOR and ILS signals (since ILS signals
can be received on a NAV receiver), or to quickly auto-tune a VOR or ILS frequency. Localizer information
cannot be viewed on the VOR Information Page. If a VOR station is combined with a TACAN station it is
listed as a VORTAC on the VOR Information Page and if it includes only DME, it’s displayed as VOR-DME.
EICAS
In addition to displaying a map of the currently selected VOR and surrounding area, the VOR Information
Page displays VOR information in four boxes labeled ‘VOR’, ‘INFORMATION’, ‘FREQUENCY’, and ‘NEAREST
AIRPORT’.
VOR Identifier/Type
- Facility Name
- Nearest City
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Navigation Map
Showing Selected
VOR
VOR Information
- Class/Magnetic Variation
- Region
- Lat/Long
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
VOR Frequency
Nearest Airport Info
Selected VOR
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
- Identifier/Type (symbol)
- Bearing/Distance to
Airport
Figure 5-41 VOR Information Page
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
The VOR classes used in the VOR information box are: LOW ALTITUDE, HIGH ALTITUDE, and
TERMINAL
Select a VOR:
APPENDICES
1) With the VOR Information Page displayed, enter an identifier, the name of the VOR, or the city in which it’s
located in the VOR Box.
2) Press the ENT Key.
3) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
Or:
INDEX
1) With the Nearest VOR Page displayed, press the FMS Knob or press the VOR Softkey.
2) Press the ENT Key or turn either FMS Knob to select an identifier in the Nearest VOR Box.
3) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Or:
1) With the Nearest VOR Page displayed, press the MENU Key.
2) Highlight ‘SELECT VOR WINDOW’, and press the ENT Key.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
3) Press the ENT Key or turn either FMS Knob to select an identifier in the Nearest VOR Box.
4) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
EICAS
The Nearest VOR Page can be used to quickly find a VOR station close to the aircraft. Also, a NAV frequency
from a selected VOR station can be loaded from the Nearest VOR Page. In addition to displaying a map of
the surrounding area, the Nearest VOR Page displays information for up to 25 nearest VOR stations in three
boxes labeled ‘NEAREST VOR’, ‘INFORMATION’, and ‘FREQUENCY’. The list only includes waypoints that
are within 200 nm.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
A white arrow before the VOR identifier indicates the selected VOR. Up to seventeen VORs are visible at
a time. If there are more than can be shown, each list can be scrolled. If there are no VORs in the list, text
indicating that there are no nearest VORs is displayed. If there are no nearest VORs in the list, the information
is dashed.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
VOR Identifier/Symbol
- Bearing/Distance to VOR
from aircraft position
Navigation Map
Showing Nearest
VOR
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
AFCS
VOR Information
- Facility Name/City
- Class/Magnetic Variation
- Lat/Long
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Nearest VOR
VOR Frequency
Figure 5-42 Nearest VOR Page
APPENDICES
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Flight Management
User Waypoints
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The G1000 can create and store up to 1,000 user-defined waypoints. User waypoints can be created from
any map page (except PFD Inset Map, AUX-Trip Planning Page, or Procedure Pages) by selecting a position on
the map using the Joystick, or from the User Waypoint Information Page by referencing a bearing/distance
from an existing waypoint or bearing from two existing waypoints. Once a waypoint has been created, it can
be renamed, deleted, or moved.
User Wpt Identifier
EICAS
User Wpt Comment
User Wpt Info
- Region
- Lat/Long
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Navigation Map
Showing Selected
User Waypoint
Reference Wpt Info
- Identifier
- Radial/Distance
User Waypoint List
- Identifier
- Comment
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Selected User
Waypoint
# User Wpts Used
Softkeys
AFCS
Figure 5-43 User Waypoint Information Page
Select a User Waypoint:
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
1) With the User Waypoint Information Page displayed, enter the name of the User Waypoint, or scroll to the
desired waypoint in the User Waypoint List using the large FMS Knob.
2) Press the ENT Key.
3) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
APPENDICES
Or:
1) With the Nearest User Waypoint Page displayed, press the FMS Knob
2) Press the ENT Key or turn either FMS Knob to select an identifier in the Nearest USR Box.
INDEX
3) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Nearest User Wpt List
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
- Identifier
- Bearing/Distance from
aircraft position
Navigation Map
Showing Selected
User Waypoint
EICAS
Selected User
Waypoint
User Waypoint Info
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
- Comment
- Lat/Long
Reference Wpt Info
- Identifier
- Radial/Distance
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Figure 5-44 Nearest User Waypoint Page
Creating User Waypoints
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
User waypoints can be created from the User Waypoint Information Page in the following ways:
Creating user waypoints from the User Waypoint Information Page:
1) Select the NEW Softkey, or press the MENU Key and select ‘Create New User Waypoint’.
AFCS
2) Enter a user waypoint name (up to six characters).
3) Press the ENT Key. The current aircraft position is the default location of the new waypoint.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
4) If desired, highlight the Information Box and enter the latitude and longitude for the waypoint or highlight the
Reference Waypoints Box to enter a bearing and distance from another waypoint or the bearing from two other
waypoints to define the new waypoint location.
Or:
1) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
APPENDICES
2) Enter a user waypoint name (up to six characters).
3) Press the ENT Key. The message ‘Are you sure you want to create the new User Waypoint AAAAAA?’ is
displayed.
4) With ‘YES’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
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INDEX
5) Highlight the Information Box and enter the latitude and longitude for the waypoint or highlight the Reference
Waypoints Box to enter a bearing and distance from another waypoint or the bearing from two other waypoints
to define the new waypoint location.
181
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Flight Management
6) Press the ENT Key to accept the new waypoint.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EICAS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
7) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
Figure 5-45 User Waypoint Information Page Menu
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Creating user waypoints from map pages:
1) Press the Joystick to activate the panning function and pan to the map location of the desired user waypoint.
2) Press the ENT Key. The User Waypoint Information Page is displayed with the captured position.
Note: If the pointer has highlighted a map database feature, one of three things happens upon pressing
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
the ENT Key: 1) information about the selected feature is displayed instead of initiating a new waypoint,
2) a menu pops up allowing a choice between ‘Review Airspaces’ or ‘Create User Waypoint’, or 3) a new
waypoint is initiated with the default name being the selected map item.
3) Enter a user waypoint name (up to six characters).
AFCS
4) Press the ENT Key to accept the selected name. The first reference waypoint box is highlighted.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
5) If desired, highlight the Information Box and enter the latitude and longitude for the waypoint or highlight the
Reference Waypoints Box to enter a bearing and distance from another waypoint or the bearing from two other
waypoints to define the new waypoint location.
6) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
7) Select the GO BACK Softkey to return to the map page.
APPENDICES
Editing User Waypoints
Editing a user waypoint comment or location:
1) With the User Waypoint Information Page displayed, press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
2) Move the cursor to the desired field.
INDEX
3) Turn the small FMS Knob to make any changes.
4) Press the ENT Key to accept the changes.
5) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Renaming user waypoints:
1) Highlight a user waypoint in the User Waypoint List. Select the RENAME Softkey, or press the MENU Key and
select ‘Rename User Waypoint’
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
2) Enter a new name.
3) Press the ENT Key. The message ‘Do you want to rename the user waypoint AAAAAA to BBBBBB?’ is
displayed.
4) With ‘YES’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
EICAS
5) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
Changing the location of an existing waypoint to the aircraft present position:
1) Enter a waypoint name or select the waypoint in the User Waypoint List, then press the ENT Key.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
2) Press the MENU Key.
3) Select ‘Use Present Position’.
4) Press the ENT Key twice. The new waypoint’s location is saved.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
5) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
A system generated comment for a user waypoint incorporates the reference waypoint identifier, bearing,
and distance. If a system generated comment has been edited, a new comment can be generated.
Resetting the comment field to the system generated comment:
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
1) Enter a waypoint name or select the waypoint in the User Waypoint List, then press the ENT Key.
2) Press the MENU Key.
3) Select ‘Auto Comment’.
4) Press the ENT Key. The generated comment is based on the reference point used to define the waypoint.
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Flight Management
Deleting User Waypoints
Deleting a single user waypoint
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
1) Highlight a User Waypoint in the User Waypoint List, or enter a waypoint in the User Waypoint field.
2) Select the DELETE Softkey or press the CLR Key. ‘Yes’ is highlighted in the confirmation window.
3) Press the ENT Key.
4) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
EICAS
Or:
1) Highlight a User Waypoint in the User Waypoint List, or enter a waypoint in the User Waypoint field.
2) Press the MENU Key.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
3) Select ‘Delete User Waypoint’.
4) Press the ENT Key twice to confirm the selection.
5) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Deleting all user waypoints
1) Highlight a User Waypoint in the User Waypoint List.
2) Press the MENU Key.
3) Select ‘Delete All User Waypoints’
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
4) Press the ENT Key twice to confirm the selection..
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
5) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
5.4 Airspaces
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The G1000 can display the following types of airspaces: Class B/TMA, Class C/TCA, Class D, Restricted, MOA
(Military), Other Airspace, Air Defense Interdiction Zone (ADIZ), and Temporary Flight Restriction (TFR).
Class D Airspace
MOA (Military)
EICAS
Class B Airspace
Restricted Area
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
TFR
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Class C Airspace
AFCS
Alert Area
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
ADIZ
Warning Area
APPENDICES
Figure 5-46 Airspaces
INDEX
The Nearest Airspaces Page, Airspace Alerts Window, and Airspace Alerts on the PFD provide additional
information about airspaces and the location of the aircraft in relationship to them.
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Flight Management
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The Airspace Alerts Box allows the pilot to turn the controlled/special-use airspace message alerts on or off.
This does not affect the alerts listed on the Nearest Airspaces Page or the airspace boundaries depicted on the
Navigation Map Page. It simply turns on/off the warning provided when the aircraft is approaching or near an
airspace.
An altitude buffer is also provided which “expands” the vertical range above or below an airspace. For example,
if the buffer is set at 500 feet, and the aircraft is more than 500 feet above/below an airspace, an alert message is
not generated, but if the aircraft is less than 500 feet above/below an airspace and projected to enter it, the pilot
is notified with an alert message. The default setting for the altitude buffer is 200 feet.
EICAS
Changing the altitude buffer distance setting:
1) Use the FMS Knob to select the AUX - System Setup Page.
2) Press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the altitude buffer field in the Airspace Alerts Box.
4) Use the FMS Knob to enter an altitude buffer value and press the ENT Key.
5) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Turning an airspace alert on or off:
1) Use the FMS Knob to select the AUX - System Setup Page.
2) Press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the desired field in the Airspace Alerts Box.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
4) Turn the small FMS Knob clockwise to turn the airspace alert ON or counterclockwise to turn the alert OFF.
AFCS
5) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
Airspace Alerts Box
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
- Airspace Altitude Buffer
- Alert On/Off
(Default Settings Shown)
DFLTS Softkey
Figure 5-47 System Setup Page - Airspace Alerts
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Flight Management
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Map ranges for the airspace boundaries are selected from the Aviation Group in the Map Setup Menu: See Table
5-2 for the default and maximum ranges for each type of airspace and the symbol used to define the airspace
area.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The Nearest Airspaces Page can be used to quickly find airspaces close to the flight path. In addition, a selected
frequency associated with the airspace can be loaded from the Nearest Airspaces Page. In addition to displaying
a map of airspace boundaries and surrounding area, the Nearest Airspaces Page displays airspace information in
four boxes labeled ‘AIRSPACE ALERTS’, ‘AIRSPACE, AGENCY’, ’VERTICAL LIMITS’, and ‘FREQUENCIES’.
Airspace Alerts Info
EICAS
- Name
- Proximity (Ahead, Inside,
Ahead < 2nm, Within 2nm)
- Time till Intercept (only if
Ahead or Ahead < 2nm
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Airspace/Agency Info
- Airspace Type
- Controlling Agency
Airspace 1
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Airspace Vertical Limits
- Ceiling
- Floor
Associated Frequencies
Airspace 2
Softkeys
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
- Type
- Availability/Info
- Frequency
AFCS
Figure 5-48 Nearest Airspaces Page
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Airspace alerts and associated frequencies are shown in scrollable lists on the Nearest Airspaces Page. The
ALERTS and FREQ softkeys place the cursor in the respective list. The FREQ Softkey is enabled only if one or
more frequencies exist for a selected airspace.
Selecting and viewing an airspace alert with its associated information:
1) Select the Nearest Airspace Page.
APPENDICES
2) Select the ALERTS Softkey; or press the FMS Knob; or press the MENU Key, highlight ‘Select Alerts Window’,
and press the ENT Key. The cursor is placed in the ‘AIRSPACE ALERTS’ Box.
3) Select the desired airspace.
4) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Flight Management
Pressing the PFD MSG Softkey displays the message window on the PFD. The following airspace alerts are
displayed in the message window:
EICAS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Message
INSIDE ARSPC – Inside airspace.
ARSPC AHEAD – Airspace ahead –
less than 10 minutes.
ARSPC NEAR – Airspace near and
ahead.
ARSPC NEAR – Airspace near –
less than 2 nm.
Comments
The aircraft is inside the airspace.
Special use airspace is ahead of aircraft. The aircraft penetrates the airspace within 10
minutes.
Special use airspace is near and ahead of the aircraft position.
Special use airspace is within 2 nm of the aircraft position.
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Table 5-6 PFD Airspace Alert Messages
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
5.5 Direct-to-Navigation
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The Direct-to method of navigation, initiated by pressing the Direct-to Key on either the MFD or PFD, is
quicker to use than a flight plan when the desire is to navigate to a single point such as a nearby airport.
Once a direct-to is activated, the G1000 establishes a point-to-point course line from the present position to the
selected direct-to destination. Course guidance is provided until the direct-to is replaced with a new direct-to or
flight plan, or cancelled.
EICAS
A vertical navigation (VNV) direct-to creates a descent path (and provides guidance to stay on the path) from
the current altitude to a selected altitude at the direct-to waypoint. Vertical navigation is based on barometric
altitudes, not on GPS altitude, and is used for cruise and descent phases of flight.
The Direct-to Window allows selection and activation of direct-to navigation. The Direct-to Window displays
selected direct-to waypoint data on the PFD and the MFD.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Direct-to Point Info
VNV Constraints
- Altitude at Arrival
- Along Track Offset
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
- Identifier/Symbol/Region
- Facility Name
- City
Map of Selected Point
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Location of Destination
- Bearing/Distance
AFCS
Desired Course
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Figure 5-49 Direct-to Window - MFD
APPENDICES
INDEX
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OVERVIEW
Flight Management
Direct-to Point Info
- Identifier/Symbol/City
- Facility Name
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
VNV Constraints
- Altitude at Arrival
- Along Track Offset
Direct-to Point Info
- Bearing/Distance
- Desired Course
EICAS
Activation Command
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Figure 5-50 Direct-to Window - PFD
Any waypoint can be entered as a direct-to destination from the Direct-to Window.
Entering a waypoint identifier, facility name, or city as a direct-to destination:
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
1) Press the Direct-to Key. The Direct-to Window is displayed (with the active flight plan waypoint as the default
selection or a blank waypoint field if no flight plan is active).
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
2) Turn the small FMS Knob clockwise to begin entering a waypoint identifier (turning it counter-clockwise brings
up the waypoint selection submenu - press the CLR Key to remove it), or turn the large FMS Knob to select the
facility name, or city field and turn the small FMS Knob to begin entering a facility name or city. If duplicate
entries exist for the entered facility or city name, additional entries can be viewed by turning the small FMS
Knob during the selection process.
3) Press the ENT Key. The ‘Activate?’ field is highlighted.
4) Press the ENT Key to activate the direct-to.
AFCS
Any waypoint contained in the active flight plan can be selected as a direct-to waypoint from the Direct-to
Window, the Active Flight Plan Page, or the Active Flight Plan Window.
Waypoint Submenu
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
- Flight Plan Waypoints
- Nearest Waypoints
- Recent Waypoints
- Airway Waypoints
(only available when
active leg is part of an
airway)
INDEX
Figure 5-51 Waypoint Submenu
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Selecting an active flight plan waypoint as a direct-to destination:
1) While navigating an active flight plan, press the Direct-to Key. The Direct-to Window is displayed with the
active flight plan waypoint as the default selection.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
2) Turn the small FMS Knob counter-clockwise to display a list of flight plan waypoints (the FPL list is populated
only when navigating a flight plan).
3) Select the desired waypoint.
4) Press the ENT Key. The cursor is now displayed on ‘ACTIVATE?’.
EICAS
5) Press the ENT Key again to activate the direct-to.
Or:
1) Select the Active Flight Plan Page on the MFD, or the Active Flight Plan Window on the PFD.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
2) Select the desired waypoint.
3) Press the Direct-to Key.
4) Press the ENT Key. The cursor is now displayed on ‘ACTIVATE?’.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
5) Press the ENT Key again to activate the direct-to.
Any NRST, RECENT, or AIRWAY waypoint can be selected as a direct-to destination in the Direct-to Window.
Selecting a NRST, RECENT, or AIRWAY waypoint as a direct-to destination:
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
1) Press the Direct-to Key. The Direct-to Window is displayed (with the active flight plan destination as the
default selection or a blank destination if no flight plan is active).
2) Turn the small FMS Knob counter-clockwise to display a list of flight plan waypoints (the FPL list is populated
only when navigating a flight plan).
3) Turn the small FMS Knob clockwise to display the NRST, RECENT, or AIRWAY waypoints
4) Turn the large FMS Knob clockwise to select the desired waypoint.
AFCS
5) Press the ENT Key. The cursor is now displayed on ‘ACTIVATE?’.
6) Press the ENT Key again to activate the direct-to.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
The Direct-to Window can be displayed from any page and allows selection and activation of direct-to navigation.
If the direct-to is initiated from any page except the WPT pages, the default waypoint is the active flight plan
waypoint (if a flight plan is active) or a blank waypoint field. Direct-to requests on any WPT page defaults to the
displayed waypoint.
APPENDICES
Selecting any waypoint as a direct-to destination:
1) Select the page or window containing the desired waypoint type and select the desired waypoint.
2) Press the Direct-to Key to display the Direct-to Window with the selected waypoint as the direct-to
destination.
3) Press the ENT Key. The cursor is now displayed on ‘ACTIVATE?’.
INDEX
4) Press the ENT Key again to activate the direct-to.
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OVERVIEW
Flight Management
Selecting a nearby airport as a direct-to destination:
1) Select the NRST Softkey on the PFD; or turn the FMS Knob to display the Nearest Airports Page.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
2) Select the desired airport (the nearest one is already selected).
3) Press the Direct-to Key.
4) Press the ENT Key. The cursor is now displayed on ‘ACTIVATE?’.
5) Press the ENT Key again to activate the direct-to.
EICAS
Direct-to destinations may also be selected by using the pointer on the navigation map pages. If no airport,
NAVAID, or user waypoint exists at the desired location, a temporary waypoint named ‘MAPWPT’ is automatically
created at the location of the map arrow.
Selecting a waypoint as a direct-to destination using the pointer:
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
1) From a navigation map page, press the Joystick to display the pointer.
2) Move the Joystick to place the pointer at the desired destination location.
3) If the pointer is placed on an existing airport, NAVAID, or user waypoint, the waypoint name is highlighted.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
4) Press the Direct-to Key to display the Direct-to Window with the selected point entered as the direct-to
destination.
5) Press the ENT Key. The cursor is now displayed on ‘ACTIVATE?’.
6) Press the ENT Key again to activate the direct-to.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Cancelling a Direct-to:
1) Press the Direct-to Key to display the Direct-to Window.
2) Press the MENU Key.
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
3) With ‘Cancel Direct-To NAV’ highlighted, press the ENT Key. If a flight plan is still active, the G1000 resumes
navigating the flight plan along the closest leg.
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Page Menu
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
- Cancel Direct-To
Navigation
EICAS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Figure 5-52 Direct-to Window - Cancelling Direct-to Navigation
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
When navigating a direct-to, the G1000 sets a direct great circle course to the selected destination. The course
to a destination can also be manually selected using the course field (‘COURSE’) on the Direct-to Window.
Selecting a manual direct-to course:
1) Press the Direct-to Key. The Direct-to Window is displayed with the destination field highlighted.
2) Highlight the course field.
AFCS
3) Enter the desired course.
4) Press the ENT Key. The cursor is now displayed on ‘ACTIVATE?’.
5) Press the ENT Key again to activate the direct-to.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Reselecting the direct course from the current position:
1) Press the Direct-to Key. The Direct-to Window is displayed with the destination field highlighted.
2) Press the ENT Key. The cursor is now displayed on ‘ACTIVATE?’.
APPENDICES
3) Press the ENT Key again to activate the direct-to.
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INDEX
A direct-to with altitude constraints creates a descent path (and provides guidance to stay on the path) from
the aircraft’s current altitude to the altitude of the direct-to waypoint. The altitude is reached at the waypoint,
or at the specified distance along the flight path if an offset distance has been entered. All VNV altitudes prior
to the direct-to destination are removed from the active flight plan upon successful activation of the direct-to.
All VNV altitudes following the direct-to waypoint are retained. See the section on Vertical Navigation for more
information regarding the use and purpose of VNV altitudes and offset distances.
193
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OVERVIEW
Flight Management
Entering a VNV altitude and along-track offset for the waypoint:
1) Press the Direct-to Key to display the Direct-to Window.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to place the cursor over the ‘VNV’ altitude field.
3) Enter the desired altitude.
4) Press the ENT Key. The option to select MSL or AGL is now displayed.
5) Turn the small FMS Knob to select ‘MSL’ or ‘AGL’.
6) Press the ENT Key. The cursor is now flashing in the VNV offset distance field.
EICAS
7) Enter the desired along-track distance before the waypoint.
8) Press the ENT Key. The ‘Activate?’ field is highlighted.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
9) Press the ENT Key to activate.
Removing a VNV altitude constraint:
1) Press the Direct-to Key to display the Direct-to Window.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
2) Press the MENU Key.
3) With ‘Clear Vertical Constraints’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Page Menu
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
- Clear Vertical Navigation
Constraints
INDEX
Figure 5-53 Direct-to Window - Clearing Vertical Constraints
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Flight Management
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
5.6 Flight Planning
Flight Plan Leg Type
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Flight planning on the G1000 consists of building a flight plan by entering waypoints one at a time, adding
waypoints along airways, and inserting departures, airways, arrivals, or approaches as needed. The G1000 allows
flight planning information to be entered from either the MFD or PFD. The flight plan is displayed on maps using
different line widths, colors, and types, based on the type of leg and the segment of the flight plan currently being
flown (departure, enroute, arrival, approach, or missed approach).
Symbol
EICAS
Active non-heading Leg
Active heading Leg
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Non-heading Leg in the current flight segment
Heading Leg not in the current flight segment
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Non-heading leg not in the active flight segment
Turn Anticipation Arc
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Table 5-7 Flight Plan Leg Symbols
AFCS
Up to 99 flight plans with up to 99 waypoints each can be created and stored in memory. One flight plan can be
activated at a time and becomes the active flight plan. The active flight plan is erased when the system is turned
off and overwritten when another flight plan is activated. When storing flight plans with an approach, departure,
or arrival, the G1000 uses the waypoint information from the current database to define the waypoints. If the
database is changed or updated, the G1000 automatically updates the information if the procedure has not been
modified. If an approach, departure, or arrival procedure is no longer available, the procedure is deleted from the
affected stored flight plan(s), and an alert is displayed (see Miscellaneous System Messages) advising that one or
more stored flight plans need to be edited.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
Whenever an approach, departure, or arrival procedure is loaded into the active flight plan, a set of approach,
departure, or arrival waypoints is inserted into the flight plan along with a header line describing the instrument
procedure the pilot selected. The original enroute portion of the flight plan remains active (unless an instrument
procedure is activated) when the procedure is loaded.
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INDEX
When the database is updated, the airways need to be reloaded also. Each airway segment is reloaded from
the database given the entry waypoint, the airway identifier and the exit waypoint. This re-loads the sequence of
waypoints between the entry and exit waypoints (the sequence may change when the database is updated). The
update of an airway can fail during this process. If that happens, the airway waypoints are changed to regular
(non-airway) flight plan waypoints, and an alert is displayed (see Miscellaneous System Messages).
195
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Flight Management
The following could cause the airway update to fail:
• Airway identifier, entry waypoint or exit waypoint not found in the new database.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
• Airway entry/exit waypoint is not an acceptable waypoint for the airway – either the waypoint is no longer on
the airway, or there is a new directional restriction that prevents it being used.
• Loading the new airway sequence would exceed the capacity of the flight plan.
Flight Plan Creation
EICAS
There are three methods to create or modify a flight plan:
• Active Flight Plan Page on the MFD (create/modify the active flight plan)
• Active Flight Plan Window on the PFD (create/modify the active flight plan)
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
• Flight Plan Catalog Page on the MFD (create/modify a stored flight plan)
Active FPL Waypoint List
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
- Comment
- Procedure Header
- Waypoint Identifier
- Airway Identifier
- Desired Track to Waypoint
- Distance to Waypoint
- Waypoint Altitude Constraint
Active Flight
Plan Leg
Vertical Navigation Profile
- Active Vertical WPT Alt/ID
- Vertical Speed Target
- Flight Path Angle
- Vertical Speed Target
- Time to Top of Descent
- Vertical Deviation
AFCS
Turn Anticipation
Arc
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Non-Active,
Flight Plan Leg
INDEX
APPENDICES
Figure 5-54 Active Flight Plan Page
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Flight Management
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Active Flight Plan Comment
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Active Flight
Plan Leg
Active Flight Plan Waypoint List
- Waypoint ID
- Desired Track to Waypoint
- Distance to Waypoint
- Airway Identifier
EICAS
Figure 5-55 Active Flight Plan Window on PFD
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Catalog Contents
- # Used
- # Empty
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Flight Plan List
- Comment
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Selected Flight
Plan Map
AFCS
Selected FPL Info
- Departure Waypoint
- Destination Waypoint
- Total Flight Plan Distance
- Enroute Safe Altitude
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Softkeys
Figure 5-56 Flight Plan Catalog Page
APPENDICES
The active flight plan is listed on the active Flight Plan Page on the MFD, and in the Active Flight Plan
Window on the PFD. It is the flight plan to which the G1000 is currently providing guidance, and is shown
on the navigation maps. Stored flight plans are listed on the Flight Plan Catalog Page, and are available for
activation (becomes the active flight plan).
Creating an active flight plan:
INDEX
1) Press the FPL Key.
2) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor (only on MFD).
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3) Turn the small FMS Knob to display the Waypoint Information Window. (Turning it clockwise displays a blank
Waypoint Information Window, turning it counter-clockwise displays the Waypoint Information Window with a
waypoint selection submenu allowing selection of active flight plan, nearest, recent, or airway waypoints).
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
4) Enter the identifier, facility, or city name of the departure waypoint or select a waypoint from the submenu of
waypoints and press the ENT Key. The active flight plan is modified as each waypoint is entered.
5) Repeat step numbers 3 and 4 to enter each additional flight plan waypoint.
6) When all waypoints have been entered, press the FMS Knob to remove the cursor.
EICAS
Creating a stored flight plan:
1) Press the FPL Key.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob clockwise to display the Flight Plan Catalog Page.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
3) Select the NEW Softkey; or press the MENU Key, highlight ‘Create New Flight Plan’, and press the ENT Key to
display a blank flight plan for the first empty storage location.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to display the Waypoint Information Window. (Turning it clockwise displays a blank
Waypoint Information Window, turning it counter-clockwise displays the Waypoint Information Window with a
waypoint selection submenu allowing selection of active flight plan, nearest, recent, or airway waypoints).
5) Enter the identifier, facility, or city name of the departure waypoint or select a waypoint from the submenu of
waypoints and press the ENT Key.
6) Repeat step numbers 4 and 5 to enter each additional flight plan waypoint.
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
7) When all waypoints have been entered, press the FMS Knob to return to the Flight Plan Catalog Page. The new
flight plan is now in the list.
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Adding Waypoints to an Existing Flight Plan
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Waypoints can be added to the active flight plan or any stored flight plan. Choose the flight plan, select the
desired point of insertion, enter the waypoint, and it is added in front of the selected waypoint. Flight plans
are limited to 99 waypoints (including waypoints within airways and procedures). If the number of waypoints
in the flight plan exceeds 99, the message “Flight plan is full. Remove unnecessary waypoints.” appears and the
new waypoint(s) are not added to the flight plan.
EICAS
Stored Flight Plan Selected
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
- Memory Slot
- Comment
- Procedure Identifier
- Waypoint Identifier
- Airway Identifier
- Desired Track to Waypoint
- Distance to Waypoint
- Waypoint Altitude Constraint
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Softkeys
Figure 5-57 Stored Flight Plan Page
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
Flight Plan Full Message
INDEX
Figure 5-58 Active Flight Plan Page - FPL Full
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Flight Management
Adding a waypoint to a stored flight plan:
1) On the Flight Plan Catalog Page, press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
2) Highlight the desired flight plan.
3) Select the EDIT Softkey; or press the ENT Key, turn the large FMS Knob clockwise to select “EDIT” and press
the ENT Key. The Stored Flight Plan Page is displayed.
4) Select the point in the flight plan to add the new waypoint. The new waypoint is placed directly in front of the
highlighted waypoint.
EICAS
5) Enter the identifier, facility, or city of the new waypoint.
6) Press the ENT Key. The new waypoint now exists in the flight plan.
Note: If the identifier entered in the Waypoint Information Window has duplicates, a Duplicate Waypoint
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Window is displayed. Use the FMS Knob to select the correct waypoint.
Figure 5-59 Duplicate Waypoints Window
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Adding a waypoint to the active flight plan:
1) Press the FPL Key.
2) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor (not required on the PFD).
APPENDICES
3) Select the point in the flight plan before which to add the new waypoint. The new waypoint is placed directly
in front of the highlighted waypoint.
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to display the Waypoint Information Window. (Turning it clockwise displays a blank
Waypoint Information Window, turning it counter-clockwise displays the Waypoint Information Window with a
waypoint selection submenu allowing selection of active flight plan, nearest, recent, or airway waypoints).
INDEX
5) Enter the identifier, facility, or city name of the departure waypoint or select a waypoint from the submenu of
waypoints and press the ENT Key. The active flight plan is modified as each waypoint is entered.
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Creating and adding user waypoints to the active flight plan:
1) Press the Joystick to activate the panning function on the Active Flight Plan Page and pan to the map location
of the desired user waypoint.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
2) Select the LD WPT Softkey; or press the MENU Key, select ‘Load Waypoint’, and press the ENT Key. The user
waypoint is created with a name of USRxxx (using the next available in sequence) and is added to the end of
the active flight plan.
Adding Airways to a Flight Plan
EICAS
Airways can be added to the active flight plan or any stored flight plan. Choose a flight plan (add the desired
airway entry point if not already in the flight plan), select the waypoint after the desired airway entry point,
select the airway, and it is added in front of the selected waypoint. An airway can only be loaded if there is a
waypoint in the flight plan that is part of the desired airway and is not part of an arrival or approach procedure.
The G1000 also anticipates the desired airway and exit point based on loaded flight plan waypoints.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Airway Entry Waypoint
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Selected Airway
Airways Available at TOP
Airway Waypoint Sequence
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Preview of
Selected Airway
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Figure 5-60 Select Airway Page - Selecting Airway
APPENDICES
Adding an airway to a flight plan:
1) Press the FPL Key.
2) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor (not required on the PFD).
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the waypoint after the desired airway entry point. If this waypoint is not
a valid airway entry point, a valid entry point should be entered at this time.
INDEX
4) Turn the small FMS Knob one click clockwise and select the LD AIRWY Softkey, or press the MENU Key and
select “Load Airway”. The Select Airway Page is displayed. The LD AIRWY Softkey or the “Load Airway” menu
item is available only when a valid airway entry waypoint has been chosen (the waypoint ahead of the cursor
position).
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OVERVIEW
Flight Management
5) Turn the FMS Knob to select the desired airway from the list, and press the ENT Key. Low altitude airways are
shown first in the list, followed by “all” altitude airways, and then high altitude airways.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
6) Turn the FMS Knob to select the desired airway exit point from the list, and press the ENT Key. ‘LOAD?’ is
highlighted.
7) Press the ENT Key. The system returns to editing the flight plan with the new airway inserted.
Airway Entry Waypoint
EICAS
Selected Airway
Selected Exit Point
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Preview of
Selected Airway
Airway Exit Points
Available
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Selected Airway
Exit Point
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
Figure 5-61 Select Airway Page - Selecting Exit Point
Inserted Airway Header
INDEX
APPENDICES
- Airway Identifier: [airway
identifier].[exit waypoint identifier]
(e.g., V4.SLN)
Figure 5-62 Active Flight Plan Page - Airway Inserted
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Flight Management
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Restrictions on Adding Airways
Some airways have directional restrictions on all or part of the route. Airway “A2” in Europe has a directional
restriction over the whole route such that it can be flown only in the direction MTD-ABB-BNE-DEVAL.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Airway “UR975” in North Africa has more complicated directional restrictions within the list of airway
waypoints AMANO, VAKOR, LIBRO NELDA, DIRKA, GZO, KOSET, and SARKI:
• Starting from AMANO, the airway can be flown only to LIBRO.
• Starting from SARKI, the airway can be flown only to LIBRO.
EICAS
• Between NELDA and GZO, the airway can be flown in either direction.
In the US, airways that are “one-way” for specified hours of operation are not uncommon. These airways
are always bidirectional in the G1000 database.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
The system only allows correct airway sequences to be inserted. If the pilot subsequently inverts the flight
plan, the system inverts the airway waypoint sequence and removes the airway header.
Adding Procedures to a Stored Flight Plan
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
The G1000 allows the pilot to insert pre-defined instrument procedures from the navigation database into a
flight plan. The procedures are designed to facilitate routing of traffic leaving an airport (departure), arriving at
an airport (arrival), and landing at an airport (approach). See the procedures section for more details.
Flight Plan Name
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Flight Plan
Waypoint List
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
Softkeys
Load Departure Load Arrival Load Approach Activate Flight Plan
Figure 5-63 Stored Flight Plan Page
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Flight Management
Departure (DP)
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
A Departure Procedure (DP) is loaded at the departure airport in the flight plan. Only one departure can
be loaded at a time in a flight plan. The route is defined by selection of a departure, the transition waypoints,
and a runway.
Departure Airport
EICAS
Selected
Departure
Departures Available at
KMCI
Departure Waypoint
Sequence
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Preview of
Selected
Departure
Figure 5-64 Departure Loading Page - Selecting the Departure
Loading a departure procedure into a stored flight plan:
AFCS
1) Select a stored flight plan from the Flight Plan Catalog Page.
2) Select the EDIT Softkey; or press the MENU Key, select ‘EDIT FLIGHT PLAN’, and press the ENT Key. The Stored
Flight Plan Page is displayed.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
3) Select the LD DP Softkey; or press the MENU Key, select “Load Departure”, and press the ENT Key. The
Departure Loading Page is displayed.
4) Select a departure. Press the ENT Key.
5) Select a transition for the selected departure. Press the ENT Key.
APPENDICES
6) Select a runway served by the selected departure, if required. Press the ENT Key.
INDEX
7) Press the ENT Key to load the selected departure procedure.
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Flight Management
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Departure Airport
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Selected
Departure
Selected Runway
Selected Transition
Preview of
Selected
Departure
Departure Transition
Points Available
EICAS
Departure Waypoint
Sequence
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Selected
Departure End
Point
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Figure 5-65 Departure Loading Page - Selecting Transition
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Inserted Departure Header
AFCS
- Departure Identifier: [departure
airport]-[departure runway].
[departure transition].
[departure end point]
(e.g., KMKC-ALL.TIFTO2.TIFTO)
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
Figure 5-66 Stored Flight Plan Page - Departure Inserted
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Flight Management
Arrival (STAR)
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
A Standard Terminal Arrival (STAR) is loaded at the destination airport in the flight plan. Only one arrival
can be loaded at a time in a flight plan. The route is defined by selection of an arrival, the transition waypoints,
and a runway.
Destination Airport
EICAS
Selected Arrival
Arrivals Available at
KCOS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Selected Runway
Arrival Waypoint
Sequence
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Preview of
Selected Arrival
Figure 5-67 Arrival Loading Page - Selecting the Arrival
Loading an arrival procedure into a stored flight plan:
AFCS
1) Select a stored flight plan from the Flight Plan Catalog Page.
2) Select the EDIT Softkey; or press the MENU Key, select ‘EDIT FLIGHT PLAN’, and press the ENT Key. The Stored
Flight Plan Page is displayed.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
3) Select the LD STAR Softkey; or press the MENU Key, select “Load Arrival”, and press the ENT Key. The Arrival
Loading Page is displayed.
4) Select an arrival. Press the ENT Key.
5) Select a transition for the selected arrival. Press the ENT Key.
APPENDICES
6) Select a runway served by the selected arrival, if required. Press the ENT Key.
INDEX
7) Press the ENT Key to load the selected arrival procedure.
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Flight Management
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Destination Airport
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Selected Arrival
Selected Transition
Transitions Available
with DBRY1
EICAS
Arrival Waypoint
Sequence
Preview of
Selected Arrival
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Figure 5-68 Arrival Loading Page - Selecting the Transition
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Inserted Arrival Header
AFCS
- Arrival Identifier:
[arrival airport]-[arrival transition].
[arrival].[arrival runway]
(e.g., KCOS-ALS.DBRY1.ALL)
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
Figure 5-69 Stored Flight Plan Page - Arrival Inserted
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Flight Management
Approach (APPR)
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
An Approach Procedure (APPR) can be loaded at any airport that has an approach available. Only one
approach can be loaded at a time in a flight plan. The route for a selected approach is defined by designating
transition waypoints.
EICAS
Destination Airport
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Selected
Approach
Approaches Available
at KCOS
BARO Minimum
Preview of
Selected
Approach
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Approach Waypoint
Sequence
Figure 5-70 Approach Loading Page - Selecting the Approach
Loading an approach procedure into a stored flight plan:
AFCS
1) Select a stored flight plan from the Flight Plan Catalog Page.
2) Select the EDIT Softkey; or press the MENU Key, select ‘EDIT FLIGHT PLAN’, and press the ENT Key. The Stored
Flight Plan Page is displayed.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
3) Select the LD APR Softkey; or press the MENU Key, select “Load Approach”, and press the ENT Key. The
Approach Loading Page is displayed.
4) Select an approach. Press the ENT Key.
5) Select a transition for the selected approach. Press the ENT Key.
INDEX
APPENDICES
6) Press the ENT Key to load the selected approval procedure.
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Flight Management
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Destination Airport
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Selected
Approach
Selected Transition
Transitions Available with
Selected Approach
EICAS
Preview of
Selected
Approach
Approach Waypoint
Sequence
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Load Approach?
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Figure 5-71 Approach Loading Page - Selecting the Transition
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Inserted Approach Header
AFCS
- Approach Identifier: [approach
airport].[runway and approach type]
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Figure 5-72 Stored Flight Plan Page - Approach Inserted
APPENDICES
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Flight Management
Flight Plan Storage
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The G1000 can store up to 99 flight plans, numbered 1 through 99. The active flight plan is erased when
the G1000 is powered off or when another flight plan is activated. Details about each stored flight plan can be
viewed on the Flight Plan Catalog Page and on the Stored Flight Plan Page.
Viewing information about a stored flight plan:
1) Press the FPL Key on the MFD to display the Active Flight Plan Page.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob clockwise one click to display the Flight Plan Catalog Page.
EICAS
3) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor and turn the FMS Knob to highlight the desired flight plan.
4) The Flight Plan Information is displayed showing departure, destination, total distance, and enroute safe altitude
information for the selected Flight Plan.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
5) Select the EDIT Softkey to open the Stored Flight Plan Page and view the waypoints in the flight plan.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
6) Press the FMS Knob to exit the Stored Flight Plan Page.
Selected Flight Plan
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Flight Plan Name
(Comment)
AFCS
Preview of Selected
Flight Plan
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Stored Flight Plan Info
- Departure Airport
- Destination Airport
- Total Flight Plan Distance
- Enroute Safe Altitude
Stored FPL Editing
Softkeys
APPENDICES
Figure 5-73 Stored Flight Plan Information
Storing an active flight plan from the Active Flight Plan Page or the Active Flight Plan Window:
1) Press the MENU Key.
2) Highlight ‘Store Flight Plan’.
INDEX
3) Press the ENT Key.
4) With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key. The flight plan is stored in the next available position in the flight
plan list on the Flight Plan Catalog Page.
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Sort Flight Plans
The stored flight plans can be sorted alphanumerically based on the flight plan name (comment) assigned
to each flight plan.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Sorting by flight plan name (comment):
1) Press the FPL Key and turn the small FMS Knob to display the Flight Plan Catalog Page.
2) Press the MENU Key.
3) Highlight ‘Sort By Comment’ and press the ENT Key. A confirmation window is displayed.
EICAS
4) With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key to change flight plan ordering. To cancel the request, press the CLR
Key, or highlight ‘CANCEL’ and press the ENT Key.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Activate a Flight Plan
Activating a stored flight plan erases the active flight plan and replaces it with the flight plan being activated.
Inverting a stored flight plan reverses the waypoint order and activates it.
Activating a stored flight plan on the MFD:
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
1) Press the FPL Key and turn the small FMS Knob to display the Flight Plan Catalog Page.
2) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor, and turn the FMS Knob to highlight the desired flight plan.
3) Select the ACTIVE Softkey; or press the MENU Key, highlight ‘Activate Flight Plan’, and press the ENT Key. The
‘Activate Stored Flight Plan?’ window is displayed.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
4) With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key. To cancel the request, press the CLR Key, or highlight ‘CANCEL’ and
press the ENT Key.
Inverting and activating a stored flight plan on the MFD:
1) Press the FPL Key and turn the small FMS Knob to display the Flight Plan Catalog Page.
AFCS
2) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor, and turn the FMS Knob to highlight the desired flight plan.
3) Select the INVERT Softkey; or press the MENU Key, highlight ‘Invert & activate FPL?’, and press the ENT Key.
The ‘Invert and activate stored flight plan?’ window is displayed.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
4) With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key. To cancel the request, press the CLR Key, or highlight ‘CANCEL’ and
press the ENT Key.
Copy a Flight Plan
APPENDICES
The G1000 allows copying a flight plan into a new flight plan memory slot, allowing editing, etc., without
affecting the original flight plan. This can be used to duplicate an existing stored flight plan for use in creating
a modified version of the original stored flight plan.
Copying a stored flight plan on the MFD:
INDEX
1) Press the FPL Key and turn the small FMS Knob to display the Flight Plan Catalog Page.
2) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor, and turn the FMS Knob to highlight the desired flight plan.
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Flight Management
3) Select the COPY Softkey; or press the MENU Key, highlight ‘Copy Flight Plan’, and press the ENT Key. The
‘Copy to Flight Plan XX?’ window is displayed.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
4) With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key to copy the flight plan. To cancel the request, press the CLR Key, or
highlight ‘CANCEL’ and press the ENT Key.
Delete a Stored Flight Plan
Individual or all stored flight plans can be deleted from the G1000 memory.
Deleting a stored flight plan:
EICAS
1) Press the FPL Key and turn the small FMS Knob to display the Flight Plan Catalog Page.
2) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor, and turn the FMS Knob to highlight the desired flight plan.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
3) Select the DELETE Softkey; press the CLR Key; or press the MENU Key, highlight ‘Delete Flight Plan’, and press
the ENT Key. The ‘Delete Flight Plan XX?’ window is displayed.
4) With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key to delete the flight plan. To cancel the request, press the CLR Key, or
highlight ‘CANCEL’ and press the ENT Key.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Deleting all stored flight plans:
1) Press the FPL Key and turn the small FMS Knob to display the Flight Plan Catalog Page.
2) Press the MENU Key.
3) Highlight ‘Delete All’ and press the ENT Key. A ‘Delete all flight plans?’ confirmation window is displayed.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
4) With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key to delete all flight plans. To cancel the request, press the CLR Key, or
highlight ‘CANCEL’ and press the ENT Key.
Flight Plan Editing
AFCS
The active flight plan or any stored flight plan can be edited. The edits made to the active flight plan affect
navigation as soon as they are entered.
Deleting the Active Flight Plan
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
The G1000 allows deleting an active flight plan. Deleting the active flight plan suspends navigation by the
G1000.
Deleting the active flight plan:
1) Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page (MFD) or the Active Flight Plan Window (PFD).
APPENDICES
2) Press the MENU Key, highlight ‘Delete Flight Plan’, and press the ENT Key. The ‘Delete all waypoints in flight
plan?’ window is displayed.
INDEX
3) With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key to delete the active flight plan. To cancel the request, press the CLR
Key, or highlight ‘CANCEL’ and press the ENT Key.
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Deleting Flight Plan Items
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Individual waypoints, entire airways, and entire procedures can be deleted from a flight plan. Some waypoints
in the final approach segment (such as the FAF or MAP) can not be deleted individually. Attempting to delete
a waypoint that is not allowed results in a window displaying ‘Invalid flight plan modification.’
Deleting an individual waypoint from the active flight plan:
1) Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page (MFD) or the Active Flight Plan Window (PFD).
EICAS
2) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor (not required on the PFD) and turn the large FMS Knob to highlight
the waypoint to be deleted.
3) Press the CLR Key. The ‘Remove XXXXX?’ window is displayed.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
4) With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key. To cancel the request, press the CLR Key, or highlight ‘CANCEL’ and
press the ENT Key.
5) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
Deleting an entire airway from the active flight plan:
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
1) Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page (MFD) or the Active Flight Plan Window (PFD).
2) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor (not required on the PFD) and turn the large FMS Knob to highlight
the white header of the airway to be deleted.
3) Press the CLR Key. The ‘Remove <airway name>?’ window is displayed.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
4) With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key. To cancel the request, press the CLR Key, or highlight ‘CANCEL’ and
press the ENT Key.
5) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
Deleting an entire procedure from the active flight plan:
1) Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page (MFD) or the Active Flight Plan Window (PFD).
AFCS
2) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor (not required on the PFD) and turn the large FMS Knob to highlight
the white header of the procedure to be deleted.
3) Press the CLR Key. The ‘Remove <procedure name> from flight plan?’ window is displayed.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
4) With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key. To cancel the request, press the CLR Key, or highlight ‘CANCEL’ and
press the ENT Key.
5) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
APPENDICES
Or:
1) Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page (MFD) or the Active Flight Plan Window (PFD).
2) Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu and turn the FMS Knob to highlight ‘Remove <procedure>’.
3) Press the ENT Key. The ‘Remove <procedure name> from flight plan?’ window is displayed.
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INDEX
4) With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key. To cancel the request, press the CLR Key, or highlight ‘CANCEL’ and
press the ENT Key.
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OVERVIEW
Flight Management
Deleting an individual waypoint from a stored flight plan:
1) Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
2) Turn the small FMS Knob clockwise one click to display the Flight Plan Catalog Page.
3) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor and turn the FMS Knob to highlight the flight plan to be edited.
4) Select the EDIT Softkey; or press the MENU Key, select ‘Edit Flight Plan’ and press the ENT Key. The Stored
Flight Plan Page is displayed.
5) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the waypoint to be deleted.
EICAS
6) Press the CLR Key. The ‘Remove XXXXX?’ window is displayed.
7) With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key. To cancel the request, press the CLR Key, or highlight ‘CANCEL’ and
press the ENT Key.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
8) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
Deleting an entire airway from a stored flight plan:
1) Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
2) Turn the small FMS Knob clockwise one click to display the Flight Plan Catalog Page.
3) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor and turn the FMS Knob to highlight the flight plan to be edited.
4) Select the EDIT Softkey; or press the MENU Key, select ‘Edit Flight Plan’ and press the ENT Key. The Stored
Flight Plan Page is displayed.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
5) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the white header of the airway to be deleted.
6) Press the CLR Key. The ‘Remove <airway name>?’ window is displayed.
7) With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key. To cancel the request, press the CLR Key, or highlight ‘CANCEL’ and
press the ENT Key.
AFCS
8) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
Deleting an entire procedure from a stored flight plan:
1) Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
2) Turn the small FMS Knob clockwise one click to display the Flight Plan Catalog Page.
3) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor and turn the FMS Knob to highlight the flight plan to be edited.
APPENDICES
4) Select the EDIT Softkey; or press the MENU Key, select ‘Edit Flight Plan’ and press the ENT Key. The Stored
Flight Plan Page is displayed.
5) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the white header of the procedure to be deleted.
6) Press the CLR Key. The ‘Remove <procedure name> from flight plan?’ window is displayed.
7) With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key. To cancel the request, press the CLR Key, or highlight ‘CANCEL’ and
press the ENT Key.
INDEX
8) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
Or:
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
1) Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob clockwise one click to display the Flight Plan Catalog Page.
3) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor and turn the FMS Knob to highlight the flight plan to be edited.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
4) Select the EDIT Softkey; or press the MENU Key, select ‘Edit Flight Plan’ and press the ENT Key. The Stored
Flight Plan Page is displayed.
5) Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu and turn the FMS Knob to highlight ‘Remove <procedure>’.
6) Press the ENT Key. The ‘Remove <procedure name> from flight plan?’ window is displayed.
EICAS
7) With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key. To cancel the request, press the CLR Key, or highlight ‘CANCEL’ and
press the ENT Key.
8) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Changing Flight Plan Comments (Names)
The comment field (or name) of each flight plan can be changed to something that is useful for identification
and sorting.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Changing the active flight plan comment:
1) Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page.
2) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor and turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the comment field.
3) Use the FMS Knobs to edit the comment.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
4) Press the ENT Key to accept the changes.
5) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
Changing a stored flight plan comment:
1) Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page.
AFCS
2) Turn the small FMS Knob clockwise one click to display the Flight Plan Catalog Page.
3) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor and turn the FMS Knob to highlight the flight plan to be edited.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
4) Select the EDIT Softkey; or press the MENU Key, select ‘Edit Flight Plan’ and press the ENT Key. The Stored
Flight Plan Page is displayed.
5) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the comment field.
6) Use the FMS Knobs to edit the comment.
APPENDICES
7) Press the ENT Key to accept the changes.
8) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
Along Track Offsets
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INDEX
A waypoint having an “along track offset” distance from an existing waypoint can be entered into a flight plan.
Along track offset waypoints lie along the path of the existing flight plan, and can be used to make the system
reach a specified altitude before or after reaching the specified flight plan waypoint. Offset distances can be
215
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Flight Management
entered from 1 to 99 nm in increments of 1 nm. Entering a negative offset distance results in an along track
offset waypoint inserted before the selected waypoint, whereas entering a positive offset distance results in an
along track offset waypoint inserted after the selected waypoint. Multiple offset waypoints are allowed.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
A waypoint must be adjacent to its parent waypoint in the flight plan, so the system limits the along-track
distance to less than the length of the leg before or after the selected waypoint. If the selected waypoint is the
active waypoint, the distance is limited to less than the distance to go to the active waypoint. Assigning an along
track offset to a leg with indeterminate length is not permitted. An along track offset is not allowed at or after
the final approach fix of an approach.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EICAS
An along track offset distance cannot be modified once entered. If the along track offset distance must be
changed, the existing along track offset waypoint must be deleted and a new one created with the new offset
distance.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Along Track Offset
Waypoint and Distance
from Flight Plan Waypoint
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Along Track
Offset Waypoint
and Distance
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Figure 5-74 Along Track Offset
Entering an along track offset distance:
1) Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page (MFD) or the Active Flight Plan Window (PFD).
APPENDICES
2) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor (not required on the PFD) and turn the large FMS Knob to highlight
the waypoint for the along track offset.
3) Select the ATK OFST Softkey (MFD only); or press the MENU Key, highlight ‘Create ATK Offset Waypoint’, and
press the ENT Key.
INDEX
4) Enter a positive or negative offset distance in the range of +/- 1 to 99 nm (limited by leg distances).
5) Press the ENT Key to create the offset waypoint.
6) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
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Flight Management
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Parallel Track
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The Parallel Track (PTK) feature allows creation of a parallel course offset of 1 to 50 nm left or right of the
current flight plan. When Parallel Track is activated, the course line drawn on the map pages shows the parallel
course, and waypoint names have a lower case “p” placed after the identifier.
Using direct-to, loading an approach, a holding pattern, or editing and activating the flight plan automatically
cancels Parallel Track. Parallel Track is also cancelled if a course change occurs greater than 120° or the parallel
tracks overlap as a result of the course change.
EICAS
Note: Vertical navigation is unavailable while the Parallel Track feature is active.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Active Flight Plan prior to Parallel Track
Selecting Parallel
Track
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
AFCS
Figure 5-75 Active Flight Plan Window - Selecting Parallel Track
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Activating parallel track:
1) Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page (MFD) or the Active Flight Plan Window (PFD)
APPENDICES
2) Press the MENU Key, highlight ‘Parallel Track’, and press the ENT Key. The Parallel Track Window is displayed
with the direction field highlighted.
3) Turn the small FMS Knob to select ‘Left’ or ‘Right’ and press the ENT Key. The ‘DISTANCE’ field is highlighted.
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to enter a distance from 1-99 nm and press the ENT Key. ‘ACTIVATE PARALLEL
TRACK’ is highlighted.
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INDEX
5) Press the ENT Key to activate parallel track. Press the FMS Knob or the CLR Key to cancel the parallel track
activation.
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Flight Management
Offset Direction
Offset Distance
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EICAS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Activation Prompt
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure 5-76 Parallel Track Window
Parallel Track Waypoints
- TIFTO-p
- TOP-p
- SLN-p
- HYS-p
- LAA-p
Activating Parallel Track
affects the entire active
flight segment (e.g.,
enroute)
AFCS
Parallel Track
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Original Track
Figure 5-77 Parallel Track Active
INDEX
If the parallel track proposed by the offset direction and distance is not allowed by the system, the activation
prompt is displayed, but disabled. Parallel Track cannot be activated if a course is set using direct-to or if the
active leg is the first leg of the departure procedure. Attempting to activate parallel track with these conditions
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
results in the message ‘Parallel Track Unavailable Invalid Route Geometry’. If an approach leg is active the status
indicates that the system is unable to activate the parallel track with the message ‘Parallel Track Unavailable
Approach Leg Active’. If the offset direction and distance results in an unreasonable route geometry the status
indicates that the system is unable to activate the parallel track because of invalid geometry.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Subdued Prompt
EICAS
(Unavailable)
Unavailable Status
Invalid
Geometry
Approach
Active
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Figure 5-78 Parallel Track Unavailable
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
If the active leg is not a track between two fixes (TF) or a course to a fix (DF) leg, the status
indicates that the system is unable to activate the parallel track because parallel track is not available for the
active leg type.
Offset Direction &
Distance Subdued
AFCS
(Unavailable)
Cancel Prompt
Active Status
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
Figure 5-79 Cancelling Parallel Track
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Flight Management
Cancelling parallel track:
1) Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page (MFD) or the Active Flight Plan Window (PFD)
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
2) Press the MENU Key, highlight ‘Parallel Track’, and press the ENT Key. The Parallel Track Window is displayed
with ‘CANCEL PARALLEL TRACK?’ highlighted.
3) Press the ENT Key.
Activating a Flight Plan Leg
EICAS
The G1000 allows selection of a highlighted leg as the “active leg” (the flight plan leg which is currently
used for navigation guidance).
Activating a flight plan leg:
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
1) Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page (MFD) or the Active Flight Plan Window (PFD)
2) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor (not required on the PFD) and turn the large FMS Knob to highlight
the destination waypoint for the desired leg.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
3) Select the ACT LEG Softkey (MFD only); or press the MENU Key, highlight ‘Activate Leg’, and press the ENT Key.
A confirmation window is displayed with ‘ACTIVATE’ highlighted.
4) Press the ENT Key to activate the flight plan leg. To cancel, press the CLR Key, or highlight ‘CANCEL’ and press
the ENT Key.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
5) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
Selected Destination
Waypoint
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
Current
Active Leg
INDEX
Activate Leg Softkey
Figure 5-80 Active Flight Plan Page - Selecting the Leg Destination Waypoint
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
New Active
Flight Plan Leg
EICAS
Confirmation Window
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Figure 5-81 Active Flight Plan Page - New Active Leg
Inverting a Flight Plan
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Any flight plan may be inverted (reversed) for navigation back to the original departure point.
Inverting the active flight plan:
1) Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page (MFD) or the Active Flight Plan Window (PFD)
AFCS
2) Press the MENU Key, highlight ‘Invert Flight Plan’, and press the ENT Key. An ‘Invert Active Flight Plan?’
confirmation window is displayed.
3) Select ‘OK’.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
4) Press the ENT Key to invert and activate the active flight plan. To cancel, press the CLR Key, or highlight
‘CANCEL’ and press the ENT Key.
Inverting and activating a stored flight plan:
1) Press the FPL Key on the MFD to display the Active Flight Plan Page.
APPENDICES
2) Turn the small FMS Knob clockwise one click to display the Flight Plan Catalog Page.
3) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor and turn the FMS Knob to highlight the flight plan to be inverted.
4) Select the INVERT Softkey; or press the MENU Key, select ‘Invert & Activate Flight Plan’ and press the ENT Key.
An ‘Invert and activate stored flight plan?’ confirmation window is displayed.
INDEX
5) Select ‘OK’.
6) Press the ENT Key to invert and activate the stored flight plan. To cancel, press the CLR Key, or highlight
‘CANCEL’ and press the ENT Key.
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OVERVIEW
Flight Management
Flight Plan Views
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Information about flight plans can be viewed in more than one way. The active flight plan can be configured
to show cumulative distance over the length of the flight plan or the distance for each leg of the flight plan;
and the active flight plan can be viewed in a narrow or wide view. In the wide view, additional information is
displayed: Fuel Remaining (FUEL REM), Estimated Time Enroute (ETE), Estimated Time of Arrival (ETA), and
Bearing to the waypoint (BRG).
Switching between leg-to-leg waypoint distance and cumulative waypoint distance:
EICAS
1) Press the FPL Key on the MFD to display the Active Flight Plan Page.
2) Select the VIEW Softkey to display the CUM and LEG-LEG Softkeys.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
3) Select the CUM Softkey to view cumulative waypoint distance, or select the LEG-LEG Softkey to view leg-to-leg
waypoint distance.
4) Select the BACK Softkey to return to the top level active flight plan softkeys.
Active Flight Plan Cumulative Distance
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Active Flight Plan Leg to Leg Distance
APPENDICES
WIDE Softkey, NARROW Softkey, LEG-LEG Softkey, CUM Softkey
Figure 5-82 Active Flight Plan - Leg to Leg vs. Cumulative Distance
Switching between wide and narrow view:
1) Press the FPL Key on the MFD to display the Active Flight Plan Page.
INDEX
2) Select the VIEW Softkey to display the WIDE and NARROW Softkeys.
3) Select the WIDE Softkey to display the wide view, or select the NARROW Softkey to display the narrow view.
4) Select the BACK Softkey to return to the top level active flight plan softkeys.
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Active Flight Plan Narrow View
Active Flight Plan Wide View
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
EICAS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
WIDE Softkey, NARROW Softkey, LEG-LEG Softkey, CUM Softkey
Figure 5-83 Active Flight Plan - Wide vs. Narrow View
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Collapsing Airways
The G1000 allows airways on the active flight plan to be collapsed or expanded from the Active Flight Plan
Page/Window. When airways have been collapsed, it is indicated on the airway heading.
AFCS
When airways are collapsed, leg-to-leg computed values such as DIS or ETE shown for the exit waypoint
reflects the total of all the legs on the airway that have been hidden in the collapsed display. The DTK value is
inhibited because it is not usable in this context.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
The Active Flight Plan Page always keeps the following three waypoints visible: “From” waypoint, “To”
waypoint, and the “Next” waypoint. To prevent one or more of these waypoints from being hidden in a collapsed
airway segment, the airway segment that contains either the “To” or the “Next” waypoint is automatically
expanded. When an airway is loaded, airways are automatically expanded to facilitate flight plan review.
APPENDICES
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Flight Management
Q3.FEPOT Airway
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EICAS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Collapsed View
Expanded View
Figure 5-84 Expanded/Collapsed Airways
Collapsing/expanding the airways in the active flight plan:
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
1) Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page (MFD) or the Active Flight Plan Window (PFD)
2) Press the MENU Key, highlight ‘Collapse Airways’ or ‘Expand Airways’, and press the ENT Key. The airways are
collapsed/expanded.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Closest Point of FPL
‘Closest Point of FPL’ calculates the bearing and closest distance at which a flight plan passes a reference
waypoint, and creates a new user waypoint along the flight plan at the location closest to a chosen reference
waypoint.
Determining the closest point along the active flight plan to a selected waypoint:
AFCS
1) Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page (MFD) or the Active Flight Plan Window (PFD)
2) Press the MENU Key, highlight ‘Closest Point of FPL’’, and press the ENT Key. A window appears with the
reference waypoint field highlighted.
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
3) Enter the identifier of the reference waypoint and press the ENT Key. The G1000 displays the bearing (BRG) and
distance (DIS) to the closest point along the flight plan to the selected reference waypoint and creates a user
waypoint at this location. The name for the new user waypoint is derived from the identifier of the reference
waypoint.
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
5.7 Vertical Navigation
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Note: The G1000 supports vertical navigation for all lateral leg types except for CA, CI, FA, FM, HA, HM, PI,
VA, VD, VI, VR, and VM. Vertical constraints are not retained in stored flight plans.
Current Vertical Navigation Profile
EICAS
The G1000 system Vertical Navigation (VNV) feature provides vertical profile guidance during the enroute
and teminal phases of flight. Guidance based on specified altitudes at waypoints in the active flight plan or to a
direct-to waypoint is provided. It includes vertical path guidance to a descending path, which is provided as a
linear deviation from the desired path. The desired path is defined by a line joining two waypoints with specified
altitudes or as a vertical angle from a specified waypoint/altitude. The vertical waypoints are integrated into the
active flight plan. Both manual and autopilot-coupled guidance are supported.
Current Vertical Navigation Profile
Enabled (valid data)
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Disabled (fields dashed)
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
ENBL VNV Softkey
CNCL VNV Softkey
Figure 5-85 Enabling/Disabling Vertical Navigation
APPENDICES
Enabling VNV guidance:
1) Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page on the MFD.
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INDEX
2) Select the ENBL VNV Softkey; or press the MENU Key, highlight ‘Enable VNV’, and press the ENT Key. Vertical
navigation is enabled, and vertical guidance begins with the waypoint shown in the CURRENT VNV PROFILE box
(defaults first waypoint in the active flight plan with an altitude enabled for vertical navigation (e.g., HABUK)).
225
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Flight Management
Disabling VNV guidance:
1) Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page on the MFD.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
2) Select the CNCL VNV Softkey; or press the MENU Key, highlight ‘Cancel VNV’, and press the ENT Key. Vertical
navigation is disabled.
EICAS
Canceling vertical navigation results in vertical deviation (V DEV), vertical speed required (VS REQ), and time
to top of descent/bottom of descent (TIME TO TOD/BOD) going invalid. The Vertical Deviation Indicator (VDI)
and Required Vertical Speed Indicator (RVSI) on the PFD are removed, and the V DEV, VS REQ, and TIME TO
TOD items displayed in the CURRENT VNV PROFILE box are dashed. VNV remains disabled until manually
enabled. Vertical guidance in reversionary mode can only be enabled for a direct-to waypoint.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
The G1000 allows a vertical navigation direct-to to any waypoint in the active flight plan with an altitude
constraint “designated” for vertical guidance. Selecting the VNV Direct-to Softkey on the Active Flight Plan Page
allows the flight plan to be flown, while vertical guidance based on the altitude constraint at the VNV direct-to
waypoint is provided. The altitude change begins immediately and is spread along the flight plan from current
position to the vertical direct-to waypoint, not just along the leg for the direct-to waypoint. A direct-to with
altitude constraint activated by pressing the Direct-to Key also provides vertical guidance, but would bypass
flight plan waypoints between the current position in the flight plan and the direct-to waypoint. A top of descent
(TOD) point is computed based on the default flight path angle; descent begins once the TOD is reached.
Current Vertical Navigation Profile
Current Vertical Navigation Profile
After VNV Direct-to
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Prior to VNV Direct-to
VNV Direct-To Softkey
VNV PROF Softkey
INDEX
Figure 5-86 Vertical Navigation Direct-To
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Activating a vertical navigation direct-to:
1) Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page on the MFD.
2) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor and turn the FMS Knob to highlight the desired waypoint.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Note: The selected waypoint must have a designated altitude constraint (light blue number) to be used. If
not, the first waypoint in the flight plan with a designated altitude constraint is selected.
3) Select the VNV Direct-To Softkey; or press the MENU Key, highlight ‘VNV Direct-To’, and press the ENT Key.
An ‘Activate vertical Direct-to to: NNNNNFT at XXXXXX?’ confirmation window is displayed.
EICAS
4) Press the ENT Key. Vertical guidance begins to the altitude constraint for the selected waypoint.
5) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Modifying the VS TGT and FPA:
1) Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page on the MFD.
2) Select the VNV PROF Softkey; or press the MENU Key, highlight ‘Select VNV Profile Window’, and press the
ENT Key. The cursor is now located in the CURRENT VNV PROFILE box.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
3) Turn the FMS Knobs as needed to edit the values..
4) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
Altitude Constraints
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
The G1000 system can use altitude constraints associated with lateral waypoints to give guidance for vertical
navigation. These altitudes are, depending on the specific instance, manually entered or retrieved from the
published altitudes in the navigation database. The navigation database only contains altitudes for procedures
that call for “Cross at” altitudes. If the procedure states “Expect to cross at,” then the altitude is not in the
database. In this case the altitude may be entered manually.
AFCS
Displayed Text
Examples
Cross AT
or ABOVE
5,000 ft
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Large White Text
Large Light Blue Text
Cross AT
2,300 ft
Small Light Blue Text
APPENDICES
Cross AT
or BELOW
3,000 ft
Small Light Blue
Subdued Text
Altitude Constraint
Examples
Small White Text with
Altitude Restriction Bar
INDEX
Figure 5-87 Waypoint Altitude Constraints
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Flight Management
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EICAS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
White Text
Light Blue Text
Light Blue Subdued Text
Large Altitude calculated by the system
Text estimating the altitude of the aircraft as
it passes over the navigation point. This
altitude is provided as a reference and is
not designated to be used in determining
vertical speed and deviation guidance.
Altitude has been entered manually.
Altitude is designated for use in giving
vertical speed and deviation guidance.
Altitude does not match the published
altitude in navigation database or no
published altitude exists.
The system cannot use this
altitude in determining vertical
speed and deviation guidance
because of an invalid constraint
condition
Small
Text
Altitude is designated for use in giving
vertical speed and deviation guidance.
Altitude has been retrieved from the
navigation database or has been entered
manually and matches a published
altitude in the navigation database.
The system cannot use this
altitude in determining vertical
speed and deviation guidance
because of an invalid constraint
condition
Altitude is not designated to be used in
determining vertical speed and deviation
guidance. Altitude has been retrieved
from the navigation database and is
provided as a reference.
Table 5-8 Altitude Constraint Size and Color Coding
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Altitudes associated with arrival and approach procedures are “auto-designated”. This means the system
automatically uses the altitudes loaded with the arrival or approach for giving vertical speed and deviation
guidance. Note that these altitudes are displayed as blue text up to, but not including the FAF. The FAF is
always a “reference only” altitude and cannot be designated, unless the selected approach does not provide
vertical guidance. In this case, the FAF altitude can be designated.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Altitudes that have been designated for use in vertical guidance can be “un-designated” using the CLR Key.
The altitude is now displayed only as a reference. It is not used to give vertical guidance. Other displayed
altitudes may change due to re-calculations or be rendered invalid as a result of manually changing an altitude
to a non-designated altitude.
Designating a waypoint altitude to be used for vertical guidance:
1) Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page on the MFD.
AFCS
2) Press the FMS Knob and highlight the desired waypoint altitude.
3) Turn the small FMS Knob to enter editing mode.
4) Press the ENT Key. The altitude is now shown in blue, indicating it is usable for vertical guidance.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Designating a procedure waypoint altitude to be used for vertical guidance:
1) Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page on the MFD.
2) Press the FMS Knob and highlight the desired waypoint altitude.
APPENDICES
3) Press the ENT Key. The altitude is now shown in blue, indicating it is usable for vertical guidance.
INDEX
Altitude constraints are displayed and entered in feet mean sea level (MSL) values to the nearest hundred. An
altitude constraint in feet above ground level (AGL) format is supported for airports. When a database altitude
restriction is displayed, the G1000 allows entry of a different altitude when creating a waypoint, effectively
overriding the database restriction (only before the FAF). When a database altitude restriction of type “AT or
ABOVE” or “AT or BELOW” is activated, the system uses the “AT” portion of the restriction to define the vertical
profile.
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Flight Management
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
An altitude constraint is invalid if:
• Meeting the constraint requires the aircraft to climb
• Meeting the constraint requires the maximum flight path angle or maximum vertical speed to be exceeded
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
• The altitude constraint results in a TOD behind the aircraft present position
• The constraint is within a leg type for which altitude constraints are not supported
• The altitude constraint is added to the FAF of an approach that provides vertical guidance (i.e., ILS or GPS
WAAS approach)
EICAS
• The altitude constraint is added to a waypoint past the FAF.
Entering/modifiying an altitude constraint:
1) Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page on the MFD.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
2) Press the FMS Knob and highlight the desired waypoint altitude constraint.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
3) Enter an altitude constraint value using the FMS Knobs. To enter altitudes as a flight level, turn the small
FMS Knob counter-clockwise past zero or clockwise past 9 on the first character, and the system automatically
changes to show units of Flight Level. Turn the large FMS Knob clockwise to highlight the first zero and enter
the three digit flight level.
4) Press the ENT Key to accept the altitude constraint; if the selected waypoint is an airport, an additional choice
is displayed. Turn the small FMS Knob to choose ‘MSL’ or ‘AGL’, and press the ENT Key to accept the altitude..
5) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Altitude constraints can be modified or deleted after having been added to the flight plan. In the event
an altitude constraint is deleted and the navigation database contains an altitude restriction for the lateral
waypoint, the G1000 displays the altitude restriction from the database provided no predicted altitude can
be provided.
Deleting an altitude constraint:
AFCS
1) Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page on the MFD.
2) Press the FMS Knob and highlight the desired waypoint altitude constraint.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
3) Press the CLR Key. A ‘Remove VNV altitude constraint?’ confirmation window is displayed.
4) Select ‘OK’ and press the ENT Key..
5) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
APPENDICES
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Flight Management
5.8 Procedures
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The G1000 can access the whole range of instrument procedures available. Departures (DPs), arrivals (STARs),
and non-precision and precision approaches (APPRs) are stored within the database and can be loaded using the
Procedures (PROC) Key.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EICAS
The selected procedure for the departure or arrival airport is added to the active flight plan. No waypoints are
required to be in the active flight plan to load procedures; however, if the departure and arrival airport are already
loaded, the procedure loading window defaults to the appropriate airport, saving some time selecting the correct
airport on the Procedure Loading Page. Whenever an approach is selected, the choice to either “load” or “activate”
is given. “Loading” adds the approach to the end of the flight plan without immediately using it for navigation
guidance. This allows continued navigation via the intermediate waypoints in the original flight plan, but keeps
the procedure available on the Active Flight Plan Page for quick activation when needed. “Activating” also adds
the procedure to the end of the flight plan but immediately begins to provide guidance to the first waypoint in
the approach.
Departures
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
A Departure Procedure (DP) is loaded at the departure airport in the flight plan. Only one departure can be
loaded at a time in a flight plan. If a departure is loaded when another departure is already in the active flight
plan, the new departure replaces the previous departure. The route is defined by selection of a departure, the
transition waypoints, and a runway.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Loading a Departure into the Active Flight Plan
Loading a departure into the active flight plan using the PROC Key:
1) Press the PROC Key. The Procedures Window is displayed.
2) Highlight ‘SELECT DEPARTURE’.
AFCS
3) Press the ENT Key. The Departure Loading Page is displayed.
4) Select a departure from the list and press the ENT Key.
5) Select a runway (if required) and press the ENT Key.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
6) Select a transition (if required) and press the ENT Key. ‘LOAD?’ is highlighted.
INDEX
APPENDICES
7) Press the ENT Key to load the departure procedure.
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Available Procedure Actions
Departure Airport
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
EICAS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Departure Preview
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Loaded Procedures
Departure Choices
Figure 5-88 Departure Selection
Loaded Departure
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Selected Departure
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
Procedure Loading Page Selection Softkeys
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INDEX
Figure 5-89 Departure Loading
231
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Viewing available departures at an airport:
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Flight Management
2) To select another airport, press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor, enter an identifier/facility name/city, and
press the ENT Key.
1) From the Airport Information Page (first page in the WPT group), select the DP Softkey. The Departure Information
Page is displayed, defaulting to the airport displayed on the Airport information Page.
3) Press the FMS Knob, then turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the Departure. The departure is previewed on
the map.
EICAS
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to view the available departures. Press the ENT Key to select the departure. The cursor
moves to the Runway box. The departure is previewed on the map.
5) Turn the small FMS Knob to view the available runways. Press the ENT Key to select the runway. The cursor
moves to the Transition box. The departure is previewed on the map.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
6) Turn the small FMS Knob to view the available transitions. Press the ENT Key to select the transition. The cursor
moves to the Sequence box. The departure is previewed on the map.
7) Select the INFO Softkey to return to the Airport Information Page.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Removing a Departure from the Active Flight Plan
When plans change while flying IFR, departures can be easily removed from the Active Flight Plan.
Removing a departure procedure from the active flight plan:
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
1) Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page (MFD) or the Active Flight Plan Window (PFD)
2) Press the MENU Key, and highlight ‘Remove Departure’.
3) Press the ENT Key. A confirmation window is displayed listing the departure procedure.
4) With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key. To cancel the removal request, highlight ‘CANCEL’ and press the ENT
Key.
AFCS
Or:
1) Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page (MFD) or the Active Flight Plan Window (PFD)
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
2) Press the FMS Knob and highlight the departure header in the active flight plan.
3) Press the CLR Key. A confirmation window is displayed listing the departure procedure.
INDEX
APPENDICES
4) With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key. To cancel the removal request, highlight ‘CANCEL’ and press the ENT
Key.
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Arrivals
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
A Standard Terminal Arrival (STAR) can be loaded at any airport that has one available. Only one arrival
can be loaded at a time in a flight plan. If an arrival is loaded when another arrival is already in the active
flight plan, the new arrival replaces the previous arrival. The route is defined by selection of an arrival, the
transition waypoints, and a runway.
Loading an Arrival into the Active Flight Plan
Loading an arrival into the active flight plan using the PROC Key:
EICAS
1) Press the PROC Key. The Procedures Window is displayed.
2) Highlight ‘SELECT ARRIVAL’.
3) Press the ENT Key. The Arrival Loading Page is displayed.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
4) Select an arrival from the list and press the ENT Key.
6) Select a transition (if required) and press the ENT Key.
7) Select a runway (if required) and press the ENT Key. ‘LOAD?’ is highlighted.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
8) Press the ENT Key to load the arrival procedure.
Destination Airport
Available Procedure Actions
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Arrival Preview
APPENDICES
Loaded Procedures
Arrival Choices
Figure 5-90 Arrival Selection
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Flight Management
Loaded Arrival
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EICAS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Selected Arrival
Procedure Loading Page Selection Softkeys
Figure 5-91 Arrival Loading
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Viewing available arrivals at an airport:
1) From the Airport Information Page (first page in the WPT group), select the STAR Softkey. The Arrival Information
Page is displayed, defaulting to the airport displayed on the Airport Information Page.
2) To select another airport, press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor, enter an identifier/facility name/city, and
press the ENT Key.
AFCS
3) Press the FMS Knob, then turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the Arrival. The arrival is previewed on the
map.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to view the available arrivals. Press the ENT Key to select the arrival. The cursor moves
to the Transition box. The arrival is previewed on the map.
5) Turn the small FMS Knob to view the available transitions. Press the ENT Key to select the transition. The cursor
moves to the Runway box. The arrival is previewed on the map.
APPENDICES
6) Turn the small FMS Knob to view the available runways. Press the ENT Key to select the runway. The cursor
moves to the Sequence box. The arrival is previewed on the map.
INDEX
7) Select the INFO Softkey to return to the Airport Information Page.
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Removing an Arrival from the Active Flight Plan
When plans change while flying IFR, arrivals can be easily removed from the Active Flight Plan.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Removing an arrival from the active flight plan:
1) Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page (MFD) or the Active Flight Plan Window (PFD)
2) Press the MENU Key, and highlight ‘Remove Arrival’.
3) Press the ENT Key. A confirmation window is displayed listing the arrival procedure.
EICAS
4) With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key. To cancel the removal request, highlight ‘CANCEL’ and press the ENT
Key.
Or:
1) Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page (MFD) or the Active Flight Plan Window (PFD)
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
2) Press the FMS Knob and highlight the arrival header in the active flight plan.
3) Press the CLR Key. A confirmation window is displayed listing the arrival procedure.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
4) With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key. To cancel the removal request, highlight ‘CANCEL’ and press the ENT
Key.
Approaches
NOTE: If certain GPS parameters (WAAS, RAIM, etc.) are not available, some published approach procedures
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
for the desired airport may not be displayed in the list of available approaches.
AFCS
An Approach Procedure (APPR) can be loaded at any airport that has one available, and provides guidance
for non-precision and precision approaches to airports with published instrument approach procedures.
Only one approach can be loaded at a time in a flight plan. If an approach is loaded when another approach
is already in the active flight plan, the new approach replaces the previous approach. The route is defined by
selection of an approach and the transition waypoints.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Whenever an approach is selected, the choice to either “load” or “activate” is given. “Loading” adds the
approach to the end of the flight plan without immediately using it for navigation guidance. This allows
continued navigation via the intermediate waypoints in the original flight plan, but keeps the procedure
available on the Active Flight Plan Page for quick activation when needed. “Activating” also adds the
procedure to the end of the flight plan but immediately begins to provide guidance to the first waypoint in
the approach.
APPENDICES
When selecting an approach, a “GPS” designation to the right of the procedure name indicates the procedure
can be flown using the GPS receiver. Some procedures do not have this designation, meaning the GPS
receiver can be used for supplemental navigation guidance only. If the GPS receiver cannot be used for
primary guidance, the appropriate navigation receiver must be used for the selected approach (e.g., VOR or
ILS). The final course segment of ILS approaches, for example, must be flown by tuning the NAV receiver to
the proper frequency and selecting that NAV receiver on the CDI.
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INDEX
The G1000 WAAS GPS allows for flying LNAV, LNAV/VNAV, and LPV approaches according to the published
chart. LNAV+V is a standard LNAV approach with advisory vertical guidance provided for assistance in
235
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Flight Management
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
maintaining a constant vertical glidepath similar to an ILS glideslope on approach. This guidance is displayed
on the G1000 PFD in the same location as the ILS glideslope using a magenta diamond. In all cases where
LNAV+V is indicated by the system during an approach, LNAV minima are used. The active approach type
is annunciated on the HSI as shown in the following table:
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EICAS
HSI Annunciation
Description
LNAV
GPS approach using published LNAV
minima
LNAV+V
GPS approach using published LNAV
minima. Advisory vertical guidance is
provided
L/VNAV
GPS approach using published LNAV/
VNAV minima
LPV
GPS approach using published LPV
minima
Example on HSI
Approach Type
- LNAV
- LNAV+V
- L/VNAV
- LPV
Table 5-9 Approach Types
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Loading an Approach into the Active Flight Plan
Loading an approach into the active flight plan using the PROC Key:
1) Press the PROC Key. The Procedures Window is displayed.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
2) Highlight ‘SELECT APPROACH’, and press the ENT Key. The Approach Loading Page is displayed.
3) Select an approach from the list and press the ENT Key.
4) Select a transition (if required) and press the ENT Key.
5) Barometric Minimums
AFCS
a) To set ‘MINIMUMS’, turn the small FMS Knob to select ‘BARO’, and press the ENT Key. Turn the small FMS
Knob to select the altitude, and press the ENT Key.
Or:
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
b) To skip setting minimums, press the ENT Key.
6) Press the ENT Key with ‘LOAD?’ highlighted to load the arrival procedure; or turn the large FMS Knob to
highlight ‘ACTIVATE’ and press the ENT Key to load and activate the approach procedure.
NOTE: When GPS is not approved for the selected final approach course, the message ‘NOT APPROVED
INDEX
APPENDICES
FOR GPS’ is displayed. GPS provides guidance to the approach, but the HSI must to be switched to a NAV
receiver to fly the final course of the approach.
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Destination Airport
Available Procedure Actions
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
EICAS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Approach Preview
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Loaded Procedures
Approach Choices
Figure 5-92 Approach Selection
Loaded Approach
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Selected Approach
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
Procedure Loading Page Selection Softkeys
LOAD or ACTIVATE? Annunciation
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INDEX
Figure 5-93 Approach Loading
237
SYSTEM
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Viewing available approaches at an airport:
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Flight Management
2) To select another airport, press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor, enter an identifier/facility name/city, and
press the ENT Key.
1) From the Airport Information Page (first page in the WPT group), select the APR Softkey. The Departure
Information Page is displayed, defaulting to the airport displayed on the Airport information Page.
3) Press the FMS Knob, then turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the Approach. The approach is previewed on
the map.
EICAS
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to view the available approaches. Press the ENT Key to select the approach. The
cursor moves to the Transition box. The approach is previewed on the map.
5) Turn the small FMS Knob to view the available transitions. Press the ENT Key to select the transition. The cursor
moves to the Sequence box. The approach is previewed on the map.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
6) Select the INFO Softkey to return to the Airport Information Page.
Loading an approach into the active flight plan from the Nearest Airport Page:
1) Select the Nearest Airports Page.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
2) Press the FMS Knob, then turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the desired nearest airport. The airport is
previewed on the map.
3) Select the APR Softkey; or press the MENU Key, highlight ‘Select Approach Window’, and press the ENT Key.
4) Turn the FMS Knob to highlight the desired approach.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
5) Select the LD APR Softkey; or press the MENU Key, highlight ‘Load Approach’, and press the ENT Key. The
Approach Loading Page is displayed with the transitions field highlighted.
6) Turn the FMS Knob to highlight the desired transition.
7) Barometric Minimums
AFCS
a) To set ‘MINIMUMS’, turn the small FMS Knob to select ‘BARO’, and press the ENT Key. Turn the small FMS
Knob to select the altitude, and press the ENT Key. The ‘LOAD?’ field is highlighted.
Or:
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
b) To skip setting minimums, press the ENT Key. The ‘LOAD?’ field is highlighted.
APPENDICES
8) Press the ENT Key with ‘LOAD?’ highlighted to load the arrival procedure; or turn the large FMS Knob to
highlight ‘ACTIVATE’ and press the ENT Key to load and activate the approach procedure. The G1000 continues
navigating the current flight plan until the approach is activated. When GPS is not approved for the selected
final approach course, the message ‘NOT APPROVED FOR GPS’ is displayed. GPS provides guidance to the
approach, but the HSI must to be switched to a NAV receiver to fly the final course of the approach.
Activating an Approach
A previously loaded approach can be activated from the Procedures Window.
INDEX
Activating a previously loaded approach:
1) Press the PROC Key. The Procedures Window is displayed with ‘Activate Approach’ highlighted.
2) Press the ENT Key to activate the approach.
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OVERVIEW
In many cases, it may be easiest to “load” the full approach while still some distance away, enroute to the
destination airport. Later, if vectored to final, use the steps below to select ‘Activate Vector-To-Final’ — which
makes the inbound course to the FAF waypoint active.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Activating a previously loaded approach with vectors to final:
1) Press the PROC Key to display the Procedures Window.
2) Highlight ‘ACTIVATE VECTOR-TO-FINAL’ and press the ENT Key.
Loading and activating an approach using the MENU Key:
EICAS
1) From the Approach Loading Page, press the MENU Key. The page menu is displayed with ‘Load & Activate
Approach’ highlighted.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
2) Press the ENT Key. When GPS is not approved for the selected final approach course, the message ‘NOT
APPROVED FOR GPS’ is displayed. GPS provides guidance to the approach, but the HSI must to be switched to
a NAV receiver to fly the final course of the approach.
Removing an Approach from the Active Flight Plan
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
When plans change while flying IFR, approaches can be easily removed from the Active Flight Plan.
Removing an approach from the active flight plan:
1) Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page (MFD) or the Active Flight Plan Window (PFD)
2) Press the MENU Key, and highlight ‘Remove Approach’.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
3) Press the ENT Key. A confirmation window is displayed listing the approach procedure.
4) With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key. To cancel the removal, highlight ‘CANCEL’ and press the ENT Key.
Or:
1) Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page (MFD) or the Active Flight Plan Window (PFD)
AFCS
2) Press the FMS Knob and highlight the approach header in the active flight plan.
3) Press the CLR Key. A confirmation window is displayed listing the approach procedure.
4) With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key. To cancel the removal, highlight ‘CANCEL’ and press the ENT Key..
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
5) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
Missed Approach
Activating a missed approach in the active flight plan:
APPENDICES
1) Press the PROC Key.
2) Turn the FMS Knob to highlight ‘ACTIVATE MISSED APPROACH’.
3) Press the ENT Key. The aircraft automatically sequences to the MAHP.
INDEX
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Flight Management
Course To Altitude
EICAS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
In this missed approach procedure, the altitude immediately following the MAP (in this case ‘6368ft’) is not
part of the published procedure. It is simply a Course to Altitude (CA) leg which guides the aircraft along
the runway centerline until the required altitude required to safely make the first turn toward the MAHP
is exceeded. In this case, if the aircraft altitude is below the specified altitude (6,368 feet) after crossing
the MAP, a direct-to is established to provide a course on runway heading until an altitude of 6,368 feet
reached. After reaching 6,368 feet, a direct-to is established to the published MAHP (in this case MOGAL).
If the aircraft altitude is above the specified altitude after crossing the MAP, a direct-to is established to the
published fix (MOGAL) to begin the missed approach procedure. The altitude constraint value defaults to
400 feet AGL when there is no Course to Altitude defined in the published procedure.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
In some missed approach procedures this Course to Altitude leg may be part of the published procedure.
For example, the procedure dictates a climb to 5,500 feet, then turn left and proceed to the Missed Approach
Hold Point (MAHP). In this case, The altitude would be labeled appear in the list of waypoints as ‘5500ft’.
Again, if the aircraft altitude is lower than the prescribed altitude, a direct-to is established on a Course to
Altitude leg when the missed approach procedure is activated.
AFCS
Course to Altitude Leg
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Figure 5-94 Course to Altitude
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5.9 Trip Planning
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The G1000 allows the pilot to view trip planning information, fuel information, and other information for
a specified flight plan or flight plan leg based on automatic data, or based on manually entered data. Weight
planning is also available, based on fuel sensor data and the active flight plan (to estimate remaining fuel).
Trip Planning
All of the input of data needed for calculation and viewing of the statistics is done on the Trip Planning Page
located in the AUX Page Group.
EICAS
Selected Flight Plan Segment
- FPL Number/Cumulative Legs (CUM or REM) or Leg Number (NN)
- Waypoints Defining Selected Flight Plan/Flight Plan Leg
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Trip Planning Page Mode
- Automatic/Manual
Preview of Selected
Flight Plan/
Flight Plan Leg
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Trip Input Data (sensor/pilot)
Trip Statistics
Desired Track Distance Est. Time Enroute Est. Time of Arrival Enroute Safe Altitude Sunrise Time (local) Sunset Time (local -
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
- Departure Time (local)
- Ground Speed
- Fuel Flow
- Fuel On Board Aircraft
- Calibrated Airspeed
- Indicated Altitude
- Barometric Pressure
- Total Air Temperature
Other Statistics
- Density Altitude
- True Airspeed (TAS)
Fuel Statistics
AFCS
Efficiency Total Endurance Remaining Fuel Remaining Endurance Fuel Required Total Range -
Softkeys
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
- Automatic/Manual Page Mode
- Flight Plan/Waypoint Mode
Figure 5-95 Trip Planning Page
APPENDICES
The trip planning inputs are based on sensor inputs (automatic page mode) or on pilot inputs (manual page
mode). Some additional explanation of the sources for some of the inputs is as follows:
• Departure time (DEP TIME) - This defaults to the current time in automatic page mode. The computations
are from the aircraft present position, so the aircraft is always just departing.
INDEX
• Calibrated airspeed (CALIBRATED AS) - The primary source is from the air data system, and the secondary
source of information is GPS ground speed.
• Indicated altitude (IND ALTITUDE) - The primary source is the barometric altitude, and the secondary source
of information is GPS altitude.
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Trip Statistics
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Flight Management
In flight plan mode (FPL) with a stored flight plan selected (NN), and the entire flight plan (CUM) selected,
the waypoints are the starting and ending waypoints of the selected flight plan.
The trip statistics are calculated based on the selected starting and ending waypoints and the trip planning
inputs.
In flight plan mode (FPL) with a stored flight plan selected (NN), and a specific leg (NN) selected, the
waypoints are the endpoints of the selected leg.
EICAS
In flight plan mode (FPL) with the active flight plan selected (00), and the remaining flight plan (REM)
selected, the ‘from’ waypoint is the present position of the aircraft and the ‘to’ waypoint is the endpoint of the
active flight plan.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
In flight plan mode (FPL) with the active flight plan selected (00), and a specific leg (NN) selected, the
‘from’ waypoint is the current aircraft position and the ‘to’ waypoint is the endpoint of the selected leg.
In waypoint (WPTS) mode these are manually selected waypoints (if there is an active flight plan, these
default to the endpoints of the active leg).
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Some of the calculated trip statistics are dashed when the selected leg of the active flight plan has already
been flown.
• Desired Track (DTK) - DTK is shown as nnn° and is the desired track between the selected waypoints. It is dashed unless only a single leg is selected.
• Distance (DIS) - The distance is shown in tenths of units up to 99.9, and in whole units up to 9999. HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
• Estimated time enroute (ETE) - ETE is shown as hours:minutes until less than an hour, then it is shown
as minutes:seconds.
• Estimated time of arrival (ETA) - ETA is shown as hours:minutes and is the local time at the
destination.
AFCS
- If a flight plan other than the active flight plan is selected it shows the ETA by adding to the departure
time all of the ETEs of the legs up to the selected leg. If the entire flight plan is selected, then the ETA
is calculated as if the last leg of the flight plan was selected.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
- If in waypoint mode then the ETA is the ETE added to the departure time.
- If the active flight plan is selected the ETA reflects the current position of the aircraft and the current
leg being flown. The ETA is calculated by adding to the current time the ETEs of the current leg up to
and including the selected leg. If the entire flight plan is selected, then the ETA is calculated as if the
last leg of the flight plan was selected.
APPENDICES
• Enroute safe altitude (ESA) - The ESA is shown as nnnnnFT
INDEX
• Destination sunrise and sunset times (SUNRISE, SUNSET) - These times are shown as hours:minutes
and are the local time at the destination.
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OVERVIEW
Fuel Statistics
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The fuel statistics are calculated based on the selected starting and ending waypoints and the trip planning
inputs. Some of the calculated trip statistics are dashed when the selected leg of the active flight plan has
already been flown.
• Fuel efficiency (EFFICIENCY) - This value is calculated by dividing the current ground speed by the
current fuel flow.
• Time of fuel endurance (TOTAL ENDUR) - This time is shown as hours:minutes. This value is obtained
by dividing the amount of fuel on board by the current fuel flow.
EICAS
• Fuel on board upon reaching end of selected leg (REM FUEL) - This value is calculated by taking the
amount of fuel onboard and subtracting the fuel required for trip.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
• Fuel endurance remaining at end of selected leg (REM ENDUR) - This value is calculated by subtracting
the time of fuel endurance by the amount of time to go.
• Fuel required for trip (FUEL REQ) - This value is calculated by multiplying the time to go by the fuel
flow.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
• Total range at entered fuel flow (TOTAL RANGE) - This value is calculated by multiplying the time of fuel
endurance by the ground speed.
Other Statistics
These statistics are calculated based on the system sensor inputs or the manual trip planning inputs.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
• Density altitude (DENSITY ALT)
• True airspeed (TRUE AIRSPEED)
The pilot may select automatic (AUTO) or manual (MANUAL) page mode, and flight plan (FPL) or waypoint
(WPTS) mode. In automatic page mode, only the FPL, LEG, or waypoint IDs are editable (based on FPL/WPTS
selection).
Selected Flight Plan NN -
Stored Flight Plan
- CUM: Beginning to End of FPL
- NN: Beginning to End of Selected Leg
Active Flight Plan
- REM: Pres. Pos. to End of FPL
- NN: Pres. Pos. to End of Selected Leg
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Starting and Ending Waypoint
of Selected Flight Plan Segment
AFCS
Selected Leg(s)
00 is Active FPL
01-99 are Stored FPLs
Figure 5-96 Trip Planning Page - Flight Plan Mode
Selected Flight Plan
APPENDICES
Selected Leg(s)
Not Available
Not Available
Selected Starting and Ending Waypoints
Figure 5-97 Trip Planning Page - Waypoint Mode
INDEX
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OVERVIEW
Selecting automatic or manual page mode:
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Flight Management
Selecting flight plan or waypoint mode:
Select the AUTO Softkey or the MANUAL Softkey; or press the MENU Key, highlight ‘Auto Mode’ or ‘Manual
Mode’, and press the ENT Key.
Select the FPL Softkey or the WPTS Softkey; or press the MENU Key, highlight ‘Flight Plan Mode’ or ‘Waypoints
Mode’, and press the ENT Key.
Selecting a flight plan and leg for trip statistics:
EICAS
1) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor in the flight plan number field.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the desired flight plan number.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘CUM’ or ‘REM’. The statistics for each leg can be viewed by turning the
small FMS Knob to select the desired leg. The Trip Planning Page Map also displays the selected data.
Selecting waypoints for waypoint mode:
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
1) Select the WPTS Softkey; or press the MENU Key, highlight ‘Waypoints Mode’, and press the ENT Key. The
cursor is positioned in the waypoint field directly below the FPL field.
2) Turn the FMS knobs to select the desired waypoint (or select from the Page Menu ‘Set WPT to Present Position’
if that is what is desired), and press the ENT Key. The cursor moves to the second waypoint field.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
3) Turn the FMS knobs to select the desired waypoint, and press the ENT Key. The statistics for the selected leg
are displayed.
In manual page mode, the other eight trip input data fields must be entered by the pilot, in addition to flight
plan and leg selection.
Entering manual data for trip statistics calculations:
AFCS
1) Select the MANUAL Softkey or select ‘Manual Mode’ from the Page Menu, and press the ENT Key. The cursor
may now be positioned in any field in the top right two boxes.
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
2) Turn the FMS Knobs to move the cursor onto the DEP TIME field and enter the desired value. Press the ENT Key.
The statistics are calculated using the new value and the cursor moves to the next entry field. Repeat until all
desired values have been entered.
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Flight Management
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OVERVIEW
Weight Planning
Note: All weight planning page data fields display data rounded to the nearest 10 pounds or 5 kilograms.
Fuel Weight Calculator
Empty Weight Softkey
Fuel On Board Sync Softkey
(sets FOB to sensor actual)
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
A/C Payload Calculator
EICAS
- Zero Fuel Weight Calculation
- Fuel on Board Entry (or sync)
- Aircraft Weight Calculation
- Estimated Landing Weight Calculation
- Estimated Landing Fuel Calculation
- Fuel Reserve Entry
- Excess Fuel Calculation
Basic Empty Weight Entry Pilot and Stores Weight Entry Basic Operating Weight
Calculation Passenger(s) Weight Entry Cargo Weight Entry Zero Fuel Weight Calculation -
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
(selects Basic Empty Weight)
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure 5-98 Weight Planning Page
Entering basic empty weight:
1) Select the EMPTY WT Softkey; or press the MENU Key, highlight ‘Set Basic Empty Weight’, and press the ENT
Key to select the BASIC EMPTY WEIGHT field.
AFCS
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to enter the basic empty weight.
3) Press the ENT Key to confirm the entry.
4) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Entering a pilot and stores weight:
1) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor and highlight the ‘PILOT AND STORES’ field.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to enter the pilot and stores weight.
APPENDICES
3) Press the ENT Key to confirm the entry.
4) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
The basic operating weight is calculated by adding the basic empty weight and the pilot and stores weight.
Entering the number of passengers:
INDEX
1) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor and highlight the ‘PASSENGERS #’ field.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to enter the number of passengers.
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Flight Management
3) Press the ENT Key to confirm the entry.
4) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Entering the average passenger weight:
1) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor and highlight the passenger weight field.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to enter the average passenger weight.
3) Press the ENT Key to confirm the entry.
EICAS
4) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
The total weight of passengers is calculated by multiplying the number of passengers by the average passenger
weight.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Entering the cargo weight:
1) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor and highlight the ‘CARGO’ field.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to enter the cargo weight.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
3) Press the ENT Key to confirm the entry.
4) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
The ‘ZERO FUEL WEIGHT’ is calculated by adding the basic empty, pilot and stores, passenger, and cargo
weights.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Entering a fuel on board weight:
1) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor and highlight the ‘FUEL ON BOARD’ field.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to enter the fuel on board.
3) Press the ENT Key to confirm the entry.
AFCS
4) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.r
Entering fuel reserve:
1) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor and highlight the ‘FUEL RESEREVES’ field.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to enter the fuel resereves amount.
3) Press the ENT Key to confirm the entry.
4) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor
APPENDICES
Synchronizing the fuel on board with the actual measured fuel on board:
INDEX
Select the FOB SYNC Softkey; or pess the MENU Key, highlight ‘Synchronize Fuel on Board’, and press the ENT
Key. The actual measured fuel on board is displayed in the fuel on board field.
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OVERVIEW
When the aircraft is in the air and a destination waypoint has been entered, the fuel calculations can be
completed.
• Estimated landing weight = zero fuel weight + estimated landing fuel weight. FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
• Estimated landing fuel weight = fuel on board weight - (fuel flow x ETE)
• Excess fuel weight = estimated landing fuel weight - fuel reserves weight
If the aircraft is on the ground or a destination waypoint has not been entered, the following fields display
invalid values consisting of six dashes:
• Estimated landing weight
EICAS
• Estimated landing fuel weight
• Excess fuel weight
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Weight Caution And Warning Conditions
If the zero fuel weight is greater than the maximum allowable zero fuel weight, then the zero fuel weight is
displayed in amber.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
If the aircraft weight is greater than the maximum allowable takeoff weight, then the aircraft weight is displayed
in amber.
If the estimated landing weight is greater than the maximum allowable landing weight, then the estimated
landing weight is displayed in amber.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
If the estimated landing fuel weight is positive, but less than or equal to the fuel reserves weight, the following
values are displayed in amber:
• Estimated fuel at landing weight
• Excess fuel weight
If the estimated landing fuel weight is zero or negative, then the following values are displayed in red:
AFCS
• Estimated fuel at landing weight
• Excess fuel weight
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
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Flight Management
5.10 RAIM Prediction
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EICAS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
RAIM (Receiver Autonomous Integrity Monitoring) is a GPS receiver function that performs a consistency
check on all tracked satellites. RAIM ensures that the available satellite geometry allows the receiver to calculate
a position within a specified RAIM protection limit (2.0 nm for oceanic, 2.0 nm for enroute, 1.0 nm for terminal,
and 0.3 nm for non-precision approaches). During oceanic, enroute, and terminal phases of flight, RAIM is
available nearly 100% of the time. The RAIM prediction function also indicates whether RAIM is available at a
specified date and time. RAIM computations predict satellite coverage within ±15 min of the specified arrival
date and time. Because of the tighter protection limit on approaches, there may be times when RAIM is not
available. RAIM prediction must be initiated manually if there is concern over WAAS coverage at the destination
or some other reason that compromises navigation precision. If RAIM is not predicted to be available for the
final approach course, the approach does not become active. If RAIM is not available when crossing the FAF, the
missed approach procedure must be flown.
RAIM PREDICTION Box
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
- Prediction Waypoint
- Arrival Time
- Arrival Date
- RAIM Status
SBAS Softkey
(displays SBAS Selection)
RAIM Softkey
(displays RAIM
PREDICTION)
APPENDICES
Figure 5-99 RAIM Prediction
Predicting RAIM availability at a selected waypoint:
1) Select the AUX-GPS Status Page.
2) Press the FMS Knob. The RAIM Prediction ‘WAYPOINT’ field is highlighted.
INDEX
3) Turn the small FMS Knob to display the Waypoint Information Window. (Turning it clockwise displays a blank
Waypoint Information Window, turning it counter-clockwise displays the Waypoint Information Window with a
waypoint selection submenu allowing selection of active flight plan, nearest, recent, or airway waypoints).
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OVERVIEW
4) Enter the identifier, facility, or city name of the departure waypoint; or select a waypoint from the submenu of
waypoints and press the ENT Key to accept the waypoint entry.
5) Turn the FMS Knobs to enter an arrival time and press the ENT Key.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
6) Turn the FMS Knobs to enter an arrival date and press the ENT Key.
7) Press the ENT Key with ‘COMPUTE RAIM?’ highlighted to begin the computation.
Predicting RAIM availability at the aircraft present position:
1) Select the AUX-GPS Status Page.
EICAS
2) Press the FMS Knob. The RAIM Prediction ‘WAYPOINT’ field is highlighted.
3) Press the MENU Key, highlight ‘Set WPT to Present Position’, and press the ENT Key.
4) Press the ENT Key to accept the waypoint entry.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
5) Turn the FMS Knobs to enter an arrival time and press the ENT Key.
6) Turn the FMS Knobs to enter an arrival date and press the ENT Key.
7) Press the ENT Key with ‘COMPUTE RAIM?’ highlighted to begin the computation.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Status of the RAIM computation for the selected waypoint, time, and date is displayed at the bottom of the
RAIM PREDICTION Box as follows:
• ‘COMPUTE RAIM?’ - RAIM has not been computed.
• ‘COMPUTING AVAILABILITY’ - RAIM calculation is in progress.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
• ‘RAIM AVAILABLE’ - RAIM is predicted to be available.
• ‘RAIM NOT AVAILABLE’ - RAIM is predicted to be unavailable.
The Satellite Based Augmentation System (SBAS) provides increased navigation accuracy when available. SBAS
can be enabled or disabled manually on the GPS Status Page.
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Flight Management
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
SBAS Status
SBAS SELECTION Box
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EICAS
- WAAS Enable/Disable
SBAS Softkey
(displays SBAS Selection)
RAIM Softkey
(displays RAIM
PREDICTION)
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure 5-100 SBAS Display - Active
Enabling/Disabling SBAS:
1) Select the AUX-GPS Status Page.
2) Press the FMS Knob. The SBAS SELECTION ‘WAAS’ field is highlighted.
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
3) Press the ENT Key to disable SBAS. Press the ENT Key again to enable SBAS.
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OVERVIEW
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
SBAS Status
SBAS SELECTION Box
- WAAS Enable/Disable
EICAS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
SBAS Softkey
(displays SBAS Selection)
RAIM Softkey
(displays RAIM
PREDICTION)
Figure 5-101 SBAS Display - Disabled
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Flight Management
5.11 Navigating a Flight Plan
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The following discussion is an example of navigating a flight plan with the WAAS capable GPS system while the
G1000 provides vertical guidance through descents. A lateral flight plan (LNAV) would be navigated in much the
same way, but would not include vertical guidance when the final approach course is active.
nOTE: The following example flight plan is for instructional purposes only. All database information depicted
should be considered not current.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
1) Prior to departure, the TIFTO2 departure, the airways, and the DBRY1 arrival at KCOS are loaded. See the
Procedures section for loading departures and arrivals. Note the magenta arrow in Figure 5-101 indicating the
active departure leg.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
EICAS
The example is a flight plan from KMKC to KCOS filed using the TIFTO2 departure, various Victor Airways,
and the DBRY1 arrival with the transition at TBE. The flight plan includes an enroute altitude of 12,000 feet, an
LPV (WAAS) approach selected for runway 35R, and a missed approach executed at the Missed Approach Point
(MAP). A few enroute changes are demonstrated.
2) Figure 5-102 shows the aircraft on the assigned heading of 240º. ‘TERM’ (Terminal) is the current CDI flight
phase displayed on the HSI indicating 1.0 nm CDI scaling.
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
After takeoff, ATC assigns a heading of 240º.
INDEX
Figure 5-102 Assigned Heading of 240º
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
3) ATC now assigns routing to join V4. A heading of 290º is assigned to intercept V4. The aircraft turns to heading
290° as seen in Figure 5-103.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
EICAS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure 5-103 Assigned Heading of 290º
4) Enter V4 into the flight plan.
a) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Flight Management
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EICAS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
b) The desired entry point for V4 (TOP) must be entered. Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the desired flight
plan insertion point (SLN) as shown in Figure 5-104. When the V4 entry point (TOP) is inserted, it is placed
immediately above the highlighted waypoint (SLN).
Figure 5-104 Begin Adding V4 to the Flight Plan
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
c) Turn the small FMS Knob to display the Waypoint Information Window. Enter the desired entry point for V4,
Topeka VOR (TOP), as shown in Figure 5-105.
INDEX
Figure 5-105 Entering V4 Entry Point
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
d) Press the ENT Key. TOP is inserted into the flight plan as in Figure 5-106.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
EICAS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Figure 5-106 TOP Inserted into the Flight Plan
e) With SLN still highlighted as in Figure 5-106, turn the small FMS Knob clockwise. The Waypoint Information
Page is displayed and the LD AIRWY Softkey is now available.
f) Select the LD AIRWY Softkey to display the list of available airways for TOP as seen in Figure 5-107.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
Figure 5-107 List of Available Airways for TOP
g) Turn either FMS Knob to highlight V4 in the list as seen in Figure 5-107.
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Flight Management
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EICAS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
h) Press the ENT Key. The list of available exits for V4 is now displayed as in Figure 5-108.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Figure 5-108 List of Available Exits for V4
i) If necessary, turn either FMS Knob to select the desired exit. In this case Salina VOR (SLN) is selected as in
Figure 5-107.
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
j) Press the ENT Key. The selected airway and exit are displayed, and the prompt “LOAD?” highlighted as in
Figure 5-109.
Figure 5-109 Ready to Load V4
INDEX
k) Press the ENT Key.
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OVERVIEW
l) V4 is now loaded into the flight plan as shown in Figure 5-110.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
EICAS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Figure 5-110 V4 is Loaded in the Flight Plan
5) Making V4 the active leg of the flight plan.
a) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
b) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight SLN. The TO waypoint of the leg is selected in order to activate the leg.
c) Select the ACT LEG Softkey. The confirmation window is now displayed as in Figure 5-111 Note the TOP to
SLN leg is actually part of V4.
AFCS
Figure 5-111 Comfirm Active Leg
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Flight Management
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EICAS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
d) Verify the displayed leg is the desired leg and press the ENT Key. Note in Figure 5-112, the magenta arrow in
the flight plan window and magenta line on the map indicating V4 is now the active flight plan leg. Note the
phase of flight remained in Terminal (TERM) mode up to this point because a departure leg was active. Since a
leg after the departure is now active, the current CDI flight phase is ENR (Enroute) and CDI scaling has changed
to 2.0 nm.
Figure 5-112 V4 Now Active Leg
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
6) The aircraft continues on heading 290º. When crosstrack distance is less than 2.0 nm, the XTK disappears from
the HSI and the CDI is positioned on the last dot indicating a 2.0 nm distance from the centerline of the next
course.
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OVERVIEW
7) As the CDI approaches center, the aircraft turns onto the active leg as seen in Figure 5-113.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
EICAS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Figure 5-113 Turn on to Active Leg
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
8) At SLN, Victor Airway 244 (V244) is intercepted. Turn prompts are displayed in the PFD Navigation Status Box
as seen in Figure 5-114.
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
Figure 5-114 Turn to Intercept V244
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Flight Management
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EICAS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
9) As seen in Figure 5-115, V244 is now the active flight plan leg.
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure 5-115 V244 Now Active Leg
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
10) At Lamar VOR (LAA) V263 is intercepted. See Figure 5-116.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
EICAS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Figure 5-116 HYS to LAA Leg Active
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
11) ATC grants clearance to proceed direct to the OPSHN intersection to begin the arrival procedure. ATC advises
to expect an altitude of 10,000 feet at OPSHN.
a) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
b) Turn the large FMS Knob to select OPSHN in the flight plan list.
c) Press the Direct-to (
) Key. The Direct-to Window is now displayed as shown in Figure 5-117.
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
Figure 5-117 Direct To OPSHN
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OVERVIEW
Flight Management
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EICAS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
d) Turn the large FMS Knob to place the cursor in the VNV altitude field as shown in Figure 5-118.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Figure 5-118 Enter VNV Altitude
e) An altitude of 10,000 feet is entered as requested by ATC.
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
f) Press the ENT Key. The cursor is now displayed in the VNV offset field as shown in Figure 5-119.
Figure 5-119 Enter VNV Offset Distance
INDEX
g) Enter the offset, or distance from the waypoint at which to reach the selected altitude. In this case, three miles
prior to OPSHN is entered. In other words, the G1000 gives vertical guidance so the aircraft arrives at an
altitude of 10,000 feet three miles prior to OPSHN.
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OVERVIEW
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
h) Press the ENT Key twice to activate the direct-to. Note, in Figure 5-120, the magenta arrow indicating the directto OPSHN after the offset waypoint for OPSHN. The preceding offset waypoint indicates the offset distance
and altitude that were previously entered. The remaining waypoints in the loaded arrival procedure have no
database specified altitudes, therefore, dashes are displayed. Keep the CDI centered and maintain a track along
the magenta line to OPSHN.
Note the Direct-to waypoint is within the loaded arrival procedure, therefore, phase of flight scaling for the CDI
changes to Terminal Mode and is annunciated by displaying ‘TERM’ on the HSI.
EICAS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure 5-120 Direct-to Active
AFCS
12) The aircraft is proceeding to OPSHN. The expected approach is the RNAV LPV approach to runway 35R, so it is
selected.
a) Press the PROC Key to display the Procedures Window.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Flight Management
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EICAS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
b) ‘SELECT APPROACH’ should be highlighted as shown in Figure 5-121.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Figure 5-121 Proceudures Window
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
c) Press the ENT Key. A list of available approaches for the destination airport is displayed as in Figure 5-122.
Figure 5-122 List of Available Approaches
INDEX
d) Turn either FMS Knob to select the LPV approach for 35R as shown in Figure 5-122.
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OVERVIEW
e) Press the ENT Key. A list of available transitions for the selected approach is displayed as in Figure 5-123.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
EICAS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Figure 5-123 List of Available Transitions
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
f) Turn either FMS Knob to select the desired transition. In this case, the Initial Approach Fix (IAF) at HABUK is
used.
g) Press the ENT Key.
h) Barometric Minimums (Figure 5-124)
AFCS
To set ‘MINIMUMS’, turn the small FMS Knob to select ‘BARO’, and press the ENT Key. Turn the small FMS Knob to select the altitude, and press the ENT Key.
Or:
To skip setting minimums, press the ENT Key.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
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FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EICAS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Flight Management
Figure 5-124 Barometric Minimums Set
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
i) With ‘LOAD?’ highlighted, again press the ENT Key. The selected approach is added to the flight plan as seen
in Figure 5-125.
Figure 5-125 Loaded Approach
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OVERVIEW
13) Note the altitude constraints associated with each of the approach waypoints as seen in Figure 5-126. These
altitudes are loaded from the database and are displayed as light blue text, indicating these values are
“designated” for use in computing vertical deviation guidance.
a) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
b) Turn the small FMS Knob to highlight the desired altitude.
c) Press the CLR Key.
d) Press the FMS Knob to deactivate the cursor.
EICAS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Note: To no longer use the displayed altitude for calculating vertical deviation guidance, perform the
following:
After making the altitude “non-designated”, it is displayed as white text.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Altitude constraint values associated with the Final Approach Fix (FAF) and waypoints beyond the FAF cannot
be designated for vertical guidance. These altitude values are always displayed as white text, as in Figure 5126. Vertical guidance from the FAF and on to the Missed Approach Point (MAP) is given using the WAAS GPS
altitude source, therefore, the displayed altitude values are for reference only.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Figure 5-126 Vertical Guidance is Active to the FAF
APPENDICES
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Flight Management
14) As the aircraft approaches OPSHN, it may be desirable to adjust the speed, or steepness of the upcoming
descent. The default Flight Path Angle (FPA) is -3.0 degrees and a required vertical speed is computed to
maintain the -3.0 FPA. To change the vertical flight path, perform the following steps.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
a) Select the VNV PROF Softkey to place the cursor in the target vertical speed field (VS TGT) as shown in Figure
5-127.
b) At this point, the descent vertical speed can be selected, or the FPA can be selected. Turn the large FMS Knob
to select the desired selection field, then turn the small FMS Knob to enter the desired value.
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EICAS
Note the information now displayed in the ‘CURRENT VNV PROFILE’ box. Also, note the offset waypoint (orange
box) and gray circle are now displayed on the map. The gray circle marks the Top of Descent (TOD). In this
example, vertical guidance is provided at the TOD that results in a -3.0 degree FPA descent to an altitude of
10,000 feet upon reaching the offset waypoint.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Figure 5-127 Adjusting the Descent
INDEX
APPENDICES
c) Press the ENT Key.
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
15) As seen in Figure 5-128, the aircraft is approaching TOD. Note the target vertical speed required to reached the
selected altitude. The Vertical Deviation Indicator (VDI) and the Required Vertical Speed Indicator (RVSI) are now
displayed on the PFD as shown in Figure 5-129.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
EICAS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure 5-128 Approaching Top of Descent (TOD)
Target
Altitude
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Vertical
Deviation
Indicator
(VDI)
Required
Vertical
Speed
Indicator
(RVSI)
APPENDICES
Figure 5-129 VDI & RVSI Upon Reaching Top of Descent (TOD)
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Flight Management
EICAS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
16) Upon reaching TOD, a descent vertical speed is established which places the VSI pointer in line with the RVSI as
shown in Figure 5-130.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Keep Vertical
Deviation Indicator
Centered
Align Actual
Vertical Speed
with Required
Vertical Speed
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Figure 5-130 VDI & RVSI Showing Correctly Established Descent
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
17) When the aircraft is one minute from the bottom of descent (BOD) it is annunciated as shown in Figure 5-131.
Upon reaching the offset waypoint for OPSHN, the aircraft is at 10,000 feet.
INDEX
APPENDICES
Figure 5-131 Approaching Bottom of Descent (BOD) at OPSHN Offset Waypoint
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
18) The aircraft is approaching OPSHN. The upcoming turn and next heading are annunciated at the top left of the
PFD as seen in Figure 5-132. Initiate the turn and maneuver the aircraft on a track through the turn radius to
intercept the magenta line for the OPSHN to FSHER leg and center the CDI.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
EICAS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Figure 5-132 Turn to intercept OPSHN to FSHER Leg
APPENDICES
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Flight Management
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EICAS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
19) After passing OPSHN, the next leg of the arrival turns magenta as shown in Figure 5-133. The magenta arrow
in the flight plan list now indicates the OPSHN to FSHER leg of the arrival procedure is now active.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure 5-133 Tracking the OPSHN to FSHER Leg
20) The flight continues through the arrival procedure to PYNON (see Figure 5-134). At a point 31 nm from the
destination airport, the phase of flight scaling for the CDI changes to Terminal Mode and is annunciated by
displaying ‘TERM’ on the HSI.
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
A descent to HABUK is in the next leg. Note the TOD point on the map. Annunciations for the upcoming turn
and descent, as well as the VDI and RVSI, appear on the PFD as the flight progresses.
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
EICAS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
Figure 5-134 Approaching PYNON
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Flight Management
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EICAS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
21) Upon passing PYNON the approach procedure automatically becomes active. The approach may be activated
at any point to proceed directly to the IAF. In this example, the aircraft has progressed through the final
waypoint of the arrival and the flight plan has automatically sequenced to the IAF as the active leg, activating
the approach procedure (see Figure 5-135).
Figure 5-135 Approach is Now Active
Note: To manually activate the approach procedure, perform the following steps:
a) Press the PROC Key.
AFCS
b) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘ACTIVATE APPROACH’ as shown in Figure 5-136.
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
c) Press the ENT Key to activate the approach.
INDEX
Figure 5-136 Manually Activate Approach
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
22) The IAF is the next waypoint. At the TOD, establish a descent vertical speed as previously discussed in Step 16.
The aircraft altitude is 9,000 feet upon reaching HABUK.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
EICAS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure 5-137 Descending Turn to the Initial Approach Fix (IAF)
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Flight Management
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EICAS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
23) After crossing FALUR the next waypoint is the FAF. The flight phase changes to LPV on the HSI indicating the
current phase of flight is in Approach Mode and the approach type is LPV. CDI scaling changes accordingly and is
used much like a localizer when flying an ILS approach. The RVSI is no longer displayed and the VDI changes to
the Glidepath Indicator (as shown in Figure 5-138) when the final approach course becomes active.
Figure 5-138 Descending to the FAF
The descent continues through the FAF (CEGIX) using the Glidepath Indicator, as one would use a glideslope
indicator, to obtain an altitude “AT” 7,800 feet at the FAF. Note the altitude restriction lines over and under (At)
the altitude in the ‘ALT’ field in Figure 5-138.
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
24) After crossing CEGIX, the aircraft continues following the glidepath to maintain the descent to “AT or ABOVE”
6,370 feet at the Missed Approach Point (MAP) (RW35R) as seen in Figure 5-139.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
EICAS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Figure 5-139 Descending to the Missed Approach Point
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
AFCS
In this missed approach procedure, the altitude immediately following the MAP (in this case ‘6368ft’) is not part
of the published procedure. It is simply a Course to Altitude (CA) leg which guides the aircraft along the runway
centerline until the required altitude required to safely make the first turn toward the MAHP is exceeded. In
this case, if the aircraft altitude is below the specified altitude (6,368 feet) after crossing the MAP, a direct-to is
established to provide a course on runway heading until an altitude of 6,368 feet reached. After reaching 6,368
feet, a direct-to is established to the published MAHP (in this case MOGAL). If the aircraft altitude is above the
specified altitude after crossing the MAP, a direct-to is established to the published fix (MOGAL) to begin the
missed approach procedure. The altitude constraint value defaults to 400 feet AGL when there is no Course to
Altitude defined in the published procedure.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
In some missed approach procedures this a Course to Altitude leg may be part of the published procedure. For
example, the procedure dictates a climb to 5,500 feet, then turn left and proceed to the Missed Approach Hold
Point (MAHP). In this case, The altitude would be labeled appear in the list of waypoints as ‘5500ft’. Again, if
the aircraft altitude is lower than the prescribed altitude, a direct-to is established on a Course to Altitude leg
when the missed approach procedure is activated.
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
A direct-to is initiated to MOGAL, which is the Missed Approach Hold Point (MAHP) as seen in Figure 5-140.
The aircraft is climbing to 10,000 feet. The CDI flight phase now changes from LPV to MAPR as seen on the
HSI.
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EICAS
25) Upon reaching the MAP, it is decided to execute a missed approach. Automatic waypoint sequencing is
suspended past the MAP. Select the SUSP Softkey on the PFD to resume automatic waypoint sequencing
through the missed approach procedure.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Flight Management
INDEX
Figure 5-140 Missed Approach Active
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
26) The aircraft continues climbing to “AT or ABOVE” 10,000 feet at MOGAL. A holding pattern is established at
the MAHP (MOGAL) as shown in Figure 5-141.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
EICAS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Figure 5-141 Establishing the Holding Pattern
27) The aircraft maintains 10,000 feet while following the magenta line through the hold as in Figure 5-142.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
Figure 5-142 Hold Established
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Flight Management
5.12 Abnormal Operation
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
This section discusses the Dead Reckoning mode of operation and the subsequent indications.
Note: Dead Reckoning Mode only functions in Enroute (ENR) or Oceanic (OCN) phase of flight. In all other
phases, an invalid GPS solution produces a “NO GPS POSITION” annunciation on the map and the G1000
stops using GPS.
EICAS
While in Enroute or Oceanic phase of flight, if the G1000 detects an invalid GPS solution or is unable to
calculate a GPS position, the system automatically reverts to Dead Reckoning (DR) Mode. In DR Mode, the G1000
uses its last-known position combined with continuously updated airspeed and heading data (when available) to
calculate and display the aircraft’s current estimated position.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
It is important to note that estimated navigation data supplied by the G1000 in DR Mode may become increasingly
unreliable and must not be used as a sole means of navigation. If while in DR Mode airspeed and/or heading data
is also lost or not available, the DR function may not be capable of accurately tracking estimated position and,
consequently, the system may display a path that is different than the actual movement of the aircraft. Estimated
position information displayed by the G1000 through DR while there is no heading and/or airspeed data available
should not be used for navigation.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
DR Mode is inherently less accurate than the standard GPS/WAAS Mode due to the lack of satellite measurements
needed to determine a position. Changes in wind speed and/or wind direction compound the relative inaccuracy
of DR Mode. Because of this degraded accuracy, other navigation equipment must be relied upon for position
awareness until GPS-derived position data is restored.
AFCS
Also, while the G1000 is in DR Mode, the autopilot does not couple to GPS, and both TAWS and Terrain
Proximity are disabled. Additionally, the accuracy of all nearest information (airports, airspaces, and waypoints)
is questionable. Finally, airspace alerts continue to function, but with degraded accuracy.
INDEX
APPENDICES
As a result of operating in DR Mode, all GPS-derived data is computed based upon an estimated position and
is displayed as yellow text on the display to denote degraded navigation source information as shown in Figure
5-143.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
DR Mode is indicated on the G1000 by the appearance of the letters ‘DR’ superimposed in yellow over the ‘own
aircraft’ symbol as shown in Figure 5-143. In addition, ‘DR’ is prominently displayed in yellow on the HSI slightly
above and to the right of the aircraft symbol on the CDI as shown in Figure 5-143. Also, the CDI deviation bar
is removed from the display. Lastly, but at the same time, a ‘GPS NAV LOST’ alert message appears on the PFD.
Normal navigation using GPS/WAAS source data resumes automatically once a valid GPS solution is restored.
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Distance &
Bearing
EICAS
Dead Reckoning
Annunciaion
Wind Data
GPS Navigation
Lost Message
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Track Bug
(if shown)
Bearing Pointer/
Distance
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Navigation Data Bar
Wind Data
All data except Active Leg,
TAS, and DTK are in yellow
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Dead Reckoning
Annunciation
AFCS
Subdued Aircraft
Symbol
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Figure 5-143 Dead Reckoning Mode - GPS Derived Data Shown in Yellow
APPENDICES
Note: The Inset Map is removed from the PFD any time aircraft pitch is greater than +30° or less than –20°,
or when a 65° bank angle is reached.
INDEX
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INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EICAS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Flight Management
Blank Page
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Section 6 Hazard Avoidance
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The G1000 hazard avoidance features are designed to provide advisory information of potential hazards to flight
safety associated with weather, terrain, and air traffic.
This section is divided into the following groups:
Weather
• GDL 69/69A XM® Satellite Weather (Optional)
• GWX 68 Airborne Color Weather Radar
EICAS
Terrain Avoidance
• Terrain Awareness Warning System (TAWS)
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Traffic
• TIS (Traffic Information Service)
• Honeywell® KTA 870 Traffic Advisory System (TAS) (Optional)
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
6.1 XM Satellite Weather
Note: XM Satellite Weather data provides information for avoiding hazardous weather. It is not meant for
use to penetrate hazardous weather.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
XM Satellite Weather is provided through the GDL 69/69A, a remote-mounted data-link satellite receiver.
Received graphical weather information and associated text is displayed on the Multi Function Display (MFD) and
the Primary Flight Display (PFD) Inset Map. The GDL 69A can also receive XM Satellite Radio® entertainment
services. Both weather data and entertainment programming operate in the S-band frequency range to provide
continuous reception capabilities at any altitude throughout North America.
AFCS
XM Satellite Radio services are subscription-based. For more information on specific service packages, visit
www.xmradio.com.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Activating XM Satellite Services
Before XM Satellite Weather can be used, the service must be activated. Service is activated by providing
coded IDs unique to the installed GDL 69/69A. XM Satellite Radio and XM Satellite Weather services each
have coded IDs. The Data and Audio Radio IDs must be provided to XM Satellite Radio to activate the weather
service and entertainment subscriptions, respectively. These IDs are located on:
APPENDICES
• The label on the back of the Data Link Receiver
• The XM Information Page on the MFD
• The XM Satellite Radio Activation Instructions included with the unit (available at www.garmin.com,
P/N 190-00355-04)
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INDEX
Contact the installer if the Audio and Data Radio IDs cannot be located.
283
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Hazard Avoidance
XM Satellite Radio uses the coded IDs to send an activation signal that allows the G1000 to display weather
data and/or entertainment programming provided through the GDL 69A.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Activating the XM Satellite Weather and XM Satellite Radio Services:
1) Contact XM Satellite Radio by email (address listed on their website, www.xmradio.com) or by the customer
service phone number listed on the website. Follow the instructions provided by XM Satellite Radio services.
2) Select the next-to-last page in the AUX page group.
3) Select the INFO Softkey to display the XM Information Page.
EICAS
4) Verify that the desired services are activated.
5) Select the LOCK Softkey to lock subscription information.
6) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight YES.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
7) To complete activation, press the ENT Key.
Audio Radio
ID (for XM
Satellite Radio)
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Data Radio
ID (for XM
Weather)
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Weather Products
(Available
Products for
Service Class
Indicated in
Green)
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Select INFO
Softkey to
Display XM
Information Page
INDEX
APPENDICES
Figure 6-1 XM Information Page
Select LOCK
Softkey to Lock
Subscription
Information
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Using XM SATELLITE Weather Products
The primary map for viewing XM Weather data is the Weather Data Link Page in the Map Page Group. This
is the only G1000 map display capable of showing information for all available XM weather products.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Viewing the Weather Data Link Page:
1) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the Map Page Group.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the Weather Data Link Page.
EICAS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
NEXRAD
Weather
Product Age
and Legend
NEXRAD
Weather Product
Display Enabled
AFCS
Figure 6-2 Weather Data Link Page
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
When a weather product is active on the Weather Data Link Page or the Navigation Map Page, the age of the
data is displayed on the screen. The age of the product is based on the time difference between when the data
was assembled on the ground and the current GPS time. Weather products are refreshed at specific intervals
(defined in the Refresh Rate column in Table 6-1).
APPENDICES
If for any reason, a weather product is not refreshed within the 30-, 60-, or 90-minute Expiration Time
intervals, the data is considered expired and is removed from the display. This ensures that the displayed data
is consistent with what is currently being broadcast by XM Satellite Radio services. If more than half of the
expiration time has elapsed, the color of the product age displayed changes to yellow.
INDEX
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OVERVIEW
Hazard Avoidance
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
This table shows the weather product symbols, the expiration time and the refresh rate. The refresh rate
represents the interval at which XM Satellite Radio broadcasts new signals that may or may not contain new
weather data. It does not represent the rate at which weather data is updated or new content is received by the
Data Link Receiver. Weather data is refreshed at intervals that are defined and controlled by XM Satellite Radio
and its data vendors.
Expiration Time
(Minutes)
30
Refresh Rate
(Minutes)
5
Cloud Top (CLD TOP)
60
15
Echo Top (ECHO TOP)
30
7.5
XM Lightning (LTNG)
30
5
Cell Movement (CELL MOV)
30
1.25
SIGMETs/AIRMETs (SIG/AIR)
60
12
METARs
90
12
City Forecast (CITY)
90
12
Surface Analysis (SFC)
60
12
Freezing Levels (FRZ LVL)
60
12
Winds Aloft (WIND)
60
12
County Warnings (COUNTY)
60
5
Cyclone Warnings (CYCLONE)
60
12
30
60
60
5
12
12
Weather Product
Symbol
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EICAS
NEXRAD
Radar Coverage
TFRs
TAFs
No product image
No product image
No product image
INDEX
Table 6-1 Weather Product Symbols and Data Timing
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Cloud Top (CLD TOP)
+
Echo Top (ECHO TOP)
+
Nearest Page Group
Flight Plan Pages
+
AUX - Trip Planning
Page
Weather Data Link
Page
+
Weather Information
Page
Navigation Map Page
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
Cell Movement (CELL MOV)
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
METARs
+
City Forecast (CITY)
+
Surface Analysis (SFC)
+
Freezing Levels (FRZ LVL)
+
Winds Aloft (WIND)
+
County Warnings (COUNTY)
+
Cyclone Warnings (CYCLONE)
+
Radar Coverage
TFRs
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
AFCS
TAFs
+
+
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
+
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
SIGMETs/AIRMETs (SIG/AIR)
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
XM Lightning (LTNG)
EICAS
NEXRAD
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Weather Product
PFD Inset Map
This table shows which XM products can be displayed (indicated with a ‘+’ symbol) on specific maps.
Table 6-2 Weather Product Display Maps
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Hazard Avoidance
Weather Softkeys on the Weather Data Link Page
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Softkeys control the display of weather information on most MFD pages and the PFD Inset Map (The figure
shows the weather product softkeys for the Weather Data Link Page). When a weather product is selected for
display, the corresponding softkey label changes to gray to indicate the product is enabled. Unavailable weather
products have subdued softkey labels (softkeys are disabled from selection).
CAS ↓
NEXRAD ECHO TOP CLD TOP
EICAS
CAS ↑
SFC OFF
FRZ LVL
LTNG
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
SIG/AIR
METAR
WIND OFF COUNTY CYCLONE
SFC Softkey label changes
to reflect current selection.
LEGEND
WIND Softkey label changes
to reflect current selection.
OFF
CURRENT
12 HR
24 HR
36 HR
48 HR
LEGEND MORE WX CHKLIST
BACK
Select the BACK Softkey to
move up one level.
LEGEND
BACK
PREV
OFF
SFC
3000
6000
9000
12000
15000
NEXT
LEGEND
BACK
PREV
OFF
18000
21000
24000
27000
30000
33000
NEXT
LEGEND
BACK
PREV
OFF
36000
39000
42000
NEXT
LEGEND
BACK
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
CELL MOV
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
PREV and NEXT softkeys cycle through
Winds Aloft altitude selection softkeys.
Figure 6-3 Weather Softkeys
INDEX
APPENDICES
The setup menus for the Navigation Map Page and the Weather Data Link Page control the map range settings
above which weather products data are decluttered from the display. If a map range larger than the weather
product map range setting is selected, the weather product data is removed from the map. The menus also
provide a means in addition to the softkeys for enabling/disabling display of weather products.
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Setting up and customizing the Weather Data Link Page:
1) Select the Weather Data Link Page with the FMS Knob.
2) On the Weather Data Link Page press the MENU Key.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
3) Select the Weather Setup option on the Page Menu and press the ENT Key.
4) Turn the large FMS Knob or press the ENT Key to scroll through product selections.
5) Turn the small FMS Knob to scroll through options for each product (ON/OFF, range settings, etc.).
6) Press the ENT Key to select an option.
EICAS
7) Press the FMS Knob or CLR Key to return to the Weather Data Link Page with the changed settings.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
AFCS
Page Menu
Data Link Setup Menu
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Figure 6-4 Page and Map Setup Menus
Restoring default Weather Data Link Page settings:
1) Select the Weather Data Link Page with the FMS Knob.
APPENDICES
2) Press the MENU Key.
3) With Weather Setup highlighted, press the ENT Key.
4) Press the MENU Key.
5) Highlight the desired default(s) to restore (all or for selection) and press the ENT Key.
INDEX
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OVERVIEW
Hazard Avoidance
Maps other than the Weather Data Link Page use settings based on those selected for the Navigation Map
Page.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Setting up and customizing weather data for the Navigation Map Page:
1) Select the Navigation Map Page.
2) Press the MENU Key.
3) With Map Setup highlighted, press the ENT Key (Figure 6-5).
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the Weather Group and press the ENT Key (Figure 6-6).
EICAS
5) Turn the large FMS Knob or press the ENT Key to scroll through product selections (Figure 6-7).
6) Turn the small FMS Knob to scroll through options for each product (ON/OFF, range settings).
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
7) Press the ENT Key to select an option.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
8) Press the FMS Knob or CLR Key to return to the Navigation Map Page with the changed settings.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
Figure 6-5 Navigation Map Page Menu
Figure 6-7 Navigation Map Page Setup Menu, Weather Group
INDEX
APPENDICES
Figure 6-6 Navigation Map Page Setup Menu
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Each active weather product has an associated legend which can be displayed on the Weather Data Link
Page.
Viewing legends for displayed weather products
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
1) Select the Weather Data Link Page with the FMS Knob.
2) Select the LEGEND Softkey to display the legends for the displayed weather products.
Or:
1) Press the MENU Key.
EICAS
2) Select Weather Legend and press the ENT Key.
3) Turn the FMS Knob to scroll through the legends.
4) To remove the Legend Window, select the LEGEND Softkey, the ENT or the CLR Key, or press the FMS Knob.
• METARs
• Cell Movement
• County Warnings
• SIGMETs
• TFRs
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
• Echo Tops
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Additional information about the following can be displayed by panning over the display on the map:
• AIRMETs
The map panning feature is enabled by pressing the RANGE Knob. The map range is adjusted by turning
the RANGE Knob. If the map range is adjusted while panning is enabled, the map is re-centered on the Map
Pointer.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Additional
Information on
Weather Feature
Selected with Map
Pointer
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Flash Flood
Warning
Selected With
Map Pointer
APPENDICES
INDEX
Figure 6-8 Panning on the Weather Data Link Page
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OVERVIEW
NEXRAD
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Hazard Avoidance
WSR-88D, or NEXRAD (NEXt-generation RADar), is a network of 158 high-resolution Doppler radar
systems that are operated by the National Weather Service (NWS). NEXRAD data provides centralized
meteorological information for the continental United States and selected overseas locations. The maximum
range of a single NEXRAD radar site is 250 nm. In addition to a wide array of services, the NEXRAD network
provides important information about severe weather for air traffic safety.
NOTE: NEXRAD cannot be displayed at the same time as terrain.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EICAS
NEXRAD data is not real-time. The lapsed time between collection, processing, and dissemination of
NEXRAD images can be significant and may not reflect the current radar synopsis. Due to the inherent delays
and the relative age of the data, it should be used for long-range planning purposes only. Never use NEXRAD
data or any radar data to penetrate hazardous weather. Instead, use it in an early-warning capacity of predeparture and enroute evaluation.
Figure 6-9 NEXRAD Data on the Weather Data Link Page
APPENDICES
NEXRAD data can be displayed on the following maps:
• PFD Inset Map
• Trip Planning Page
• Navigation Map Page
• Nearest Pages
• Weather Data Link Page
• Flight Plan Pages
INDEX
• Airport Information Page
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Displaying NEXRAD weather information:
1) Select the MAP Softkey (for the PFD Inset Map, select the INSET Softkey). This step is not necessary on the
Weather Data Link Page.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
2) Select the NEXRAD Softkey.
Composite data from all the NEXRAD radar sites in the United States is shown. This data is composed of
the maximum reflectivity from the individual radar sweeps. The display of the information is color-coded
to indicate the weather severity level. All weather product legends can be viewed on the Weather Data Link
Page. For the NEXRAD legend, select the LEGEND Softkey when NEXRAD is selected for display.
EICAS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
No Radar
Coverage
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Figure 6-10 NEXRAD Data with Legend
APPENDICES
The display of radar coverage is always active when either NEXRAD or ECHO TOPS is selected. Areas
where NEXRAD radar coverage and Echo Tops information is not currently available or is not being collected
are indicated in grayish-purple. Radar capability exists in these areas, but it is not active or is off-line.
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Hazard Avoidance
Reflectivity
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Reflectivity is the amount of transmitted power returned to the radar receiver. Colors on the NEXRAD
display directly correlate to the level of detected reflectivity. Reflectivity as it relates to hazardous weather
can be very complex.
The role of radar is essentially to detect moisture in the atmosphere. Simply put, certain types of weather
reflect radar better than others. The intensity of a radar reflection is not necessarily an indication of the
weather hazard level. For instance, wet hail returns a strong radar reflection, while dry hail does not. Both
wet and dry hail can be extremely hazardous.
EICAS
The different NEXRAD echo intensities are measured in decibels (dB) relative to reflectivity (Z). NEXRAD
measures the radar reflectivity ratio, or the energy reflected back to the radar receiver (designated by the
letter Z). The value of Z increases as the returned signal strength increases.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
NEXRAD Limitations
NEXRAD radar images may have certain limitations:
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
• NEXRAD base reflectivity does not provide sufficient information to determine cloud layers or precipitation
characteristics. For example, it is not possible to distinguish between wet snow, wet hail, and rain.
• NEXRAD base reflectivity is sampled at the minimum antenna elevation angle. An individual NEXRAD
site cannot depict high altitude storms at close ranges. It has no information about storms directly over
the site.
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
• When zoomed in to a range of 30 nm, each square block on the display represents an area of four square
kilometers. The intensity level reflected by each square represents the highest level of NEXRAD data
sampled within the area.
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Each block
covers an Area
of 4 sq. km
INDEX
Figure 6-11 NEXRAD Data - Zoomed
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
The following may cause abnormalities in displayed NEXRAD radar images:
• Ground clutter
• Strobes and spurious radar data
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
• Sun strobes (when the radar antenna points directly at the sun)
• Interference from buildings or mountains, which may cause shadows
• Metallic dust from military aircraft, which can cause alterations in radar scans
NEXRAD Limitations (Canada)
EICAS
• Radar coverage extends to 55ºN.
• Any precipitation displayed between 52ºN and 55ºN is displayed as mixed because it is unknown.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
No Coverage Above 55ºN
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Precipitation
Above 52ºN
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Figure 6-12 NEXRAD Data - Canada
APPENDICES
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
ECHO TOPs
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Hazard Avoidance
Echo Tops data shows the location, elevation, and direction of the highest radar echo. The highest radar echo
does not indicate the top of a storm or clouds; rather it indicates the highest altitude at which precipitation is
detected. Information is derived from NEXRAD data.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EICAS
Note: Display of Echo Tops is mutually exclusive with Cloud Tops and NEXRAD.
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
Figure 6-13 Echo Tops Data
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Displaying Echo Tops information:
1) Select the Weather Data Link Page with the FMS Knob.
2) Select the ECHO TOPS Softkey.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
To display the Echo Tops legend, select the LEGEND Softkey when Echo Tops is selected for display. Since
Echo Tops and Cloud Tops use the same color scaling to represent altitude, display of these weather products
is mutually exclusive. When Echo Tops is activated, NEXRAD and Cloud Tops data are removed.
EICAS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
No Radar
Coverage
Figure 6-14 ECHO TOPS Legend
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
The display of radar coverage is always active when either NEXRAD or ECHO TOPS is selected. Areas
where NEXRAD radar coverage and Echo Tops information is not currently available or is not being collected
are indicated in grayish-purple. Radar capability exists in these areas, but it is not active or is off-line.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Hazard Avoidance
Cloud TOPs
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Note: Cloud Tops and Echo Tops cannot be displayed at the same time.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EICAS
Cloud Tops data depicts cloud top altitudes as determined from satellite imagery.
Figure 6-15 Cloud Tops Data
AFCS
Displaying Cloud Tops information:
1) Select the Weather Data Link Page with the FMS Knob.
2) Select the CLD TOP Softkey.
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
To display the Cloud Tops legend, select the LEGEND Softkey when Cloud Tops is selected for display.
Since Cloud Tops and Echo Tops use the same color scaling to represent altitude, display of these weather
products is mutually exclusive. When Cloud Tops is activated, Echo Tops data is removed.
INDEX
Figure 6-16 Cloud Tops Legend
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OVERVIEW
XM Lightning
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Lightning data shows the approximate location of cloud-to-ground lightning strikes. A strike icon represents
a strike that has occurred within a two-kilometer region. The exact location of the lightning strike is not
displayed.
EICAS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Lightning
Strikes
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure 6-17 Lightning Data
XM Lightning data displays on the following maps:
• Navigation Map Page
• Nearest Pages
• Weather Data Link Page
• Flight Plan Pages
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
• Trip Planning Page
AFCS
• PFD Inset Map
APPENDICES
INDEX
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299
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Displaying XM Lightning information:
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Hazard Avoidance
2) Select the XM LTNG Softkey (LTNG Softkey on the Weather Data Link Page).
1) Select the MAP Softkey (for the PFD Inset Map, select the INSET Softkey). This step is not necessary on the
Weather Data Link Page.
EICAS
To display the XM Lightning legend on the Weather Data Link Page, select the LEGEND Softkey when XM
Lightning is selected for display.
Figure 6-18 Lightning Legend
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Cell Movement
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Cell Movement data shows the location and movement of storm cells as identified by the ground-based
system. Cells are represented by yellow squares, with direction of movement indicated with short, orange
arrows.
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Storm
Cells
Figure 6-19 Cell Movement Data
INDEX
On most applicable maps, Cell Movement data is selected for display along with NEXRAD. On the Weather
Data Link Page, Cell Movement data can be selected independently. Cell Movement data can be displayed
on the following maps:
300
• PFD Inset Map
• AUX - Trip Planning Page
•Navigation Map
• Nearest Pages
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Displaying Cell Movement information:
1) Select the MAP Softkey (for the PFD Inset Map, select the INSET Softkey). This step is not necessary on the
Weather Data Link Page.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
2) Select the NEXRAD Softkey (CEL MOV Softkey on the Weather Data Link Page). For Cell Movement to be
displayed on maps other than the Weather Data Link Page, Cell Movement must be turned on in the Navigation
Map Setup Menu (see “Setting Up XM Satellite Weather”).
To display the Cell Movement legend on the Weather Data Link Page, select the LEGEND Softkey when
Cell Movement is selected for display.
EICAS
Figure 6-20 Cell Movement Legend
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
SIGMETS and AIRMETS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
SIGMETs (SIGnificant METeorological Information) and AIRMETs (AIRmen’s METeorological Information)
are broadcast for potentially hazardous weather considered of extreme importance to all aircraft. A Convective
SIGMET is issued for hazardous convective weather. A localized SIGMET is a significant weather condition
occurring at a localized geographical position.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
AFCS
AIRMET
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
SIGMET
APPENDICES
Figure 6-21 SIGMET/AIRMET Data
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Hazard Avoidance
Displaying SIGMETs and AIRMETs:
1) Select the Weather Data Link Page with the FMS Knob.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
2) Select the SIG/AIR Softkey.
3) To view the text of the SIGMET or AIRMET, press the RANGE Knob and move the Map Pointer over the icon.
4) Press the ENT key. The figure below shows a sample of SIGMET text.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EICAS
To display the SIGMET and AIRMET legend, select the LEGEND Softkey when SIGMETs and AIRMETs are
selected for display.
Sample SIGMET Text
SIGMET/AIRMET Legend
Figure 6-22 SIGMET/AIRMET Text and Legend
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
METARs and TAFs
NOTE: Atmospheric pressure reported for METARs is given in hectopascals (hPa), except in the United
AFCS
States, where it is reported in inches of mercury (in Hg). Temperatures are reported in Celsius.
Note: METAR information is only displayed within the installed aviation database service area.
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
METAR (METeorological Aerodrome Report) is the standard format for weather briefings. METARs are
updated hourly and are considered current. METARs typically contain information about the temperature,
dewpoint, wind, precipitation, cloud cover, cloud heights, visibility, and barometric pressure. They can also
contain information on precipitation amounts, lightning, and other critical data. METARs are shown as
colored flags at airports that provide them.
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Instructions
for Viewing
METAR and
TAF Text
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Selected
Airport
EICAS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Figure 6-23 METAR Flags on the Weather Data Link Page
TAF (Terminal Area Forecast) is the standard format for 24-hour weather forecasts. TAFs may contain some
METAR data, but generally cover a smaller area. It typically forecasts significant weather changes, temporary
changes, probable changes, and expected changes in weather conditions.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
METAR and TAF text are displayed on the Weather Information Page. METAR data is displayed first in a
decoded fashion, then as raw text. TAF information is displayed only in its raw form.
Displaying METAR and TAF text:
1) On the Weather Data Link Page, select the METAR Softkey.
AFCS
2) Press the RANGE Knob and pan to the desired airport.
3) Press the ENT Key. The Weather Information Page is shown with METAR and TAF text.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
4) Use the FMS Knob or the ENT Key to scroll through the METAR and TAF text. METAR text is placed ahead of
the TAF text.
5) Press the FMS Knob or the CLR Key to return to the Weather Data Link Page.
Or:
APPENDICES
1) Select the Weather Information Page.
2) Select the WX Softkey to select the Weather Information Page.
3) Press the FMS Knob to display the cursor.
4) Using the FMS Knob, enter the desired airport and press the ENT Key.
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INDEX
5) Scroll through the METAR and TAF text with the FMS Knob or the ENT Key. Scroll through all of the METAR
text to get to the TAF text.
303
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Hazard Avoidance
EICAS
METAR
Text
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
METAR
Symbol
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
TAF
Text
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure 6-24 METAR with Text
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
To display the METAR legend on the Weather Data Link Page, select the LEGEND Softkey when METARs
are selected for display.
The METAR flag color is determined by the information in the METAR text. The METAR flag is gray when
the METAR text does not contain adequate information.
INDEX
APPENDICES
Figure 6-25 METAR Legend
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OVERVIEW
Surface Analysis and City Forecast
Note: Surface Analysis and City Forecast data are displayed only within the installed Aviation Database
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
service area.
Surface Analysis and City Forecast information is available for current and forecast weather conditions.
Forecasts are available for intervals of 12, 24, 36, and 48 hours.
EICAS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Figure 6-26 Surface Analysis Data - 36-Hour
Displaying Surface Analysis and City Forecast information:
APPENDICES
1) Select the Weather Data Link Page with the FMS Knob.
2) Select the MORE WX Softkey.
3) Select the SFC Softkey.
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INDEX
4) Select the forecast time: CURRENT, 12 HR, 24 HR, 36 HR, or 48 HR. The SFC Softkey label changes to reflect
the forecast time selected.
305
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Hazard Avoidance
EICAS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
To display the Surface Analysis and City Forecast legend, select the LEGEND Softkey when Surface
Analysis and City Forecast are selected for display.
Figure 6-27 Surface Analysis Legend
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Freezing Level
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Freezing Level data shows the color-coded contour lines for the altitude and location at which the first
isotherm is found. When no data is displayed for a given altitude, the data for that altitude has not been
received, or is out of date and has been removed from the display. New data appears at the next update.
INDEX
Figure 6-28 Freezing Level Data
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Displaying Freezing Level information:
1) Select the Weather Data Link Page with the FMS Knob.
2) Select the MORE WX Softkey.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
3) Select the FRZ LVL Softkey.
To display the Freezing Level legend, select the LEGEND Softkey when Freezing Level data is selected to
be displayed.
EICAS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Figure 6-29 Freezing Level Legend
Winds Aloft
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Winds Aloft data shows the forecast wind speed and direction at the surface and at selected altitudes.
Altitude can be displayed in 3000-foot increments up to 42,000 feet MSL.
Displaying Winds Aloft data:
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
1) Select the Weather Data Link Page with the FMS Knob.
2) Select the MORE WX Softkey.
3) Select the WIND Softkey.
4) Select the desired altitude level: SFC (surface) up to 42,000 feet. Select the NEXT or PREV Softkey to cycle
through the altitude softkeys. The WIND Softkey label changes to reflect the altitude selected.
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
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FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EICAS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Hazard Avoidance
Figure 6-30 Winds Aloft at 27,000 Feet
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
To display the Winds Aloft legend, select the LEGEND Softkey when Winds Aloft is selected for
display.
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Figure 6-31 Winds Aloft Data with Legend
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OVERVIEW
County Warnings
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
County data provides specific public awareness and protection weather warnings from the National Weather
Service (NWS). This can include information on fires, tornadoes, severe thunderstorms, flood conditions,
and other natural disasters.
EICAS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Flood
Warnings
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Thunderstorm
Warnings
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure 6-32 County Flood and Thunderstorm Warnings
Displaying County Warning information:
AFCS
1) Select the Weather Data Link Page with the FMS Knob.
2) Select the MORE WX Softkey.
3) Select the COUNTY Softkey.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
To display the County Warnings legend, select the LEGEND Softkey when County Warnings are selected
to be displayed.
APPENDICES
Figure 6-33 County Warnings Legend
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Hazard Avoidance
Cyclone
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EICAS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The Cyclone weather product shows the current location of cyclones (hurricanes) and their projected
tracks.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Cyclone
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure 6-34 Cyclone Data Selected for Display
Displaying cyclone (hurricane) track information:
1) Select the Weather Data Link Page with the FMS Knob.
2) Select the MORE WX Softkey.
AFCS
3) Select the CYCLONE Softkey.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
To display the Cyclone legend, select the LEGEND Softkey when Cyclones are selected to be displayed.
INDEX
APPENDICES
Figure 6-35 Cyclone Legend
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
6.2 Airborne Color Weather Radar
System Description
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The Garmin GWX 68 Airborne Color Weather Radar is a four-color digital pulsed radar with 6.5 kilowatts
of output power. It combines excellent range and adjustable scanning profiles with a high-definition target
display. The pulse width is four microseconds (µs) on all ranges except the 2.5 nm range. The GWX 68 uses a
one µs pulse width at this range to reduce the targets smearing together on the display for better target definition
at close range.
EICAS
The Cessna Citation Mustang uses a 12-inch phased array antenna that is fully stabilized to accommodate 30º
of pitch and roll.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
To focus radar scanning on specific areas, Sector Scanning offers pilot-adjustable horizontal scan angles of
20º, 40º, 60º, or 90º. A vertical scanning function helps to analyze storm tops, gradients, and cell buildup
activity at various altitudes.
Radar features include:
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
• Extended Sensitivity Time Constant (STC) logic that automatically correlates distance of the return echo with
intensity, so cells do not suddenly appear to get larger as they get closer.
• WATCH® (Weather ATtenuated Color Highlight) helps identify possible shadowing effects of short-range cell
activity, identifying areas where radar return signals are weakened or attenuated by intense precipitation (or
large areas of lesser precipitation) and may not fully reflect the weather behind a storm.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
• Weather Alert that looks ahead for intense cell activity in the 80-320 nm range, even if these ranges are not
being monitored.
Principles of Pulsed Airborne Weather Radar
AFCS
The term RADAR is an acronym for RAdio Detecting And Ranging. Pulsed radar locates targets by transmitting
a microwave pulse beam that, upon encountering a target, is reflected back to the radar receiver as a return
echo. The microwave pulses are focused and radiated by the antenna, with the most intense energy in the
center of the beam and decreasing intensity near the edge. The same antenna is used for both transmitting and
receiving. The returned signal is then processed and displayed on the G1000 MFD.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Radar detection is a two-way process that requires 12.36 µs for the transmitted microwave pulses to travel out
and back for each nautical mile of target range. It takes 123.6 µs for a transmitted pulse to make the round trip
if a target is ten nautical miles away.
APPENDICES
Airborne weather radar should be used to avoid severe weather, not for penetrating severe weather. The
decision to fly into an area of radar targets depends on target intensity, spacing between the targets, aircraft
capabilities, and pilot experience. Pulse type weather radar detects only precipitation, not clouds or turbulence.
The display may indicate clear areas between intense returns, but this does not necessarily mean it is safe to fly
between them. Only Doppler radar can detect turbulence.
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INDEX
Airborne weather radar has other capabilities beyond weather detection. It also has the ability to detect and
provide distance to cities, mountains, coastlines, rivers, lakes, and oceans.
311
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Hazard Avoidance
NEXRAD and Airborne Weather Radar
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Both Airborne Weather Radar and NEXRAD measure weather reflectivity in decibels (dB). A decibel is a
logarithmic expression of the ratio of two quantities. Airborne Weather Radar measures the ratio of power
against the gain of the antenna, while NEXRAD measures the energy reflected back to the radar, or the radar
reflectivity ratio.
Both systems use colors to identify the different echo intensities, but the colors are not interchangeable.
Airborne color radar values used by Garmin Airborne Color Weather Radar should not be confused with
NEXRAD radar values.
EICAS
Antenna Beam Illumination
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
The radar beam is much like the beam of a spotlight. The further the beam travels, the wider it becomes.
The radar is only capable of seeing what is inside the boundaries of the beam. The figure below depicts a radar
beam’s characteristics. The figure illustrates vertical dimensions of the radar beam, although the same holds
true for the horizontal dimensions. In other words, the beam is as wide as it is tall. Note that it is possible to
miss areas of precipitation on the radar display because of the antenna tilt setting. With the antenna tilt set
to zero in this illustration, the beam overshoots the precipitation at 15 nautical miles.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Altitude (x1000 ft.)
80
Antenna at Zero Tilt
18,000 ft.
8°
0
0
15
Half Power at
es
Beam Sidelob
Max Power at Beam Center
18,000 ft.
30
45
60
75
90
AFCS
Range (nautical miles)
Figure 6-36 Radar Beam from a 12 inch Antenna
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
The curvature of the earth can also be a factor in missing areas of precipitation, especially at range settings
of 150 nautical miles or more. Here the beam overshoots the precipitation at less than 320 nautical miles.
INDEX
320 nm
Figure 6-37 Radar Beam in Relation to the Curvature of the Earth
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OVERVIEW
Radar Signal Attenuation
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The phenomenon of radar signal attenuation affects the operation of weather radar. When the radar signal
is transmitted, it is progressively absorbed and scattered, making the signal weaker. This weakening, or
attenuation, is caused by two primary sources, distance and precipitation.
EICAS
Attenuation because of distance is due to the fact that the radar energy leaving the antenna is inversely
proportional to the square of the distance. The reflected radar energy from a target 40 miles away that fills
the radar beam is one fourth the energy reflected from an equivalent target 20 miles away. This would appear
to the operator that the storm is gaining intensity as the aircraft gets closer. Internal signal processing within
the GWX 68 system compensates for much of this distance attenuation.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Attenuation due to precipitation is not as predictable as distance attenuation. It is also more intense. As the
radar signal passes through moisture, a portion of the radar energy is reflected back to the antenna. However,
much of the energy is absorbed. If precipitation is very heavy, or covers a large area, the signal may not
reach completely through the area of precipitation. The weather radar system cannot distinguish between an
attenuated signal and an area of no precipitation. If the signal has been fully attenuated, the radar displays
a radar shadow. This appears as an end to the precipitation when, in fact, the heavy rain may extend much
further. A cell containing heavy precipitation may block another cell located behind the first, preventing it
from being displayed on the radar. Never fly into these shadowed areas and never assume that all of the heavy
precipitation is being displayed unless another cell or a ground target can be seen beyond the heavy cell. The
WATCH® feature of the GWX 68 Weather Radar system can help in identifying these shadowed areas. Areas
in question appear as shadowed or gray on the radar display. Proper use of the antenna tilt control can also
help detect radar shadows.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Attenuation can also be due to poor maintenance or degradation of the radome. Even the smallest amount of
wear and scratching, pitting, and pinholes on the radome surface can cause damage and system inefficiency.
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Hazard Avoidance
Radar Signal Reflectivity
Precipitation
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EICAS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Precipitation or objects more dense than water, such as the surface of the earth or solid structures, are
detected by the weather radar. The weather radar does not detect clouds, thunderstorms, or turbulence
directly. It detects precipitation associated with clouds, thunderstorms, and turbulence. The best radar
signal reflectors are raindrops, wet snow, or wet hail. The larger the raindrop, the better the reflectivity. The
size of the precipitation droplet is the most important factor in radar reflectivity. Because large drops in a
small concentrated area are characteristic of a severe thunderstorm, the radar displays the storm as a strong
return. Ice crystals, dry snow, and dry hail have low levels of reflectivity as shown in the illustration, and
often are not displayed by the radar. Additionally, a cloud that contains only small raindrops, such as fog
or drizzle, does not reflect enough radar energy to produce a measurable target return.
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
Figure 6-38 Precipitation Type and Reflectivity
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Ground Returns
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The intensity of ground target returns depends upon the angle at which the radar beam strikes the
ground target (Angle of Incidence) and the reflective properties of that target. The gain can be adjusted so
shorelines, rivers, lakes, and cities are well-defined. Increasing the gain too much causes the display to fill
in between targets, thus obscuring some landmarks.
EICAS
Cities normally provide a strong return signal. While large buildings and structures provide good returns,
small buildings can be shadowed from the radar beam by the taller buildings. As the aircraft approaches
and shorter ranges are selected, details become more noticeable as the highly reflective regular lines and
edges of the city become more defined.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Bodies of water such as lakes, rivers, and oceans are not good reflectors and normally do not provide good
returns. The energy is reflected in a forward scatter angle with inadequate energy being returned. They
can appear as dark areas on the display. However, rough or choppy water is a better reflector and provides
stronger returns from the downwind sides of the waves.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Mountains also provide strong return signals to the antenna, but also block the areas behind. However,
over mountainous terrain, the radar beam can be reflected back and forth in the mountain passes or off
canyon walls, using up all or most of the radar energy. In this case, no return signal is received from this
area, causing the display to show a dark spot which could indicate a pass where no pass exists.
Angle of Incidence
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
The angle at which the radar beam strikes the target is called the Angle of Incidence. The figure illustrates
the incident angle (‘A’). This directly affects the detectable range, the area of illumination, and the intensity
of the displayed target returns. A large incident angle gives the radar system a smaller detectable range and
lower display intensity due to minimized reflection of the radar energy.
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
Figure 6-39 Angle of Incidence
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INDEX
A smaller incident angle gives the radar a larger detectable range of operation and the target display shows
a higher intensity. Since more radar energy is reflected back to the antenna with a low incident angle, the
resulting detectable range is increased for mountainous terrain.
315
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Hazard Avoidance
Safe Operating Distance
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The following information establishes a minimum safe distance from the antenna for personnel near
operating weather radar. The minimum safe distance is based on the FCC’s exposure limit at 9.3 to 9.5 GHz for
general population/uncontrolled environments, which is 1 mW/cm2. See Advisory Circular 20-68B for more
information on safe distance determination.
Maximum Permissible Exposure Level (MPEL)
EICAS
The zone in which the radiation level exceeds the US Government standard of 1 mW/cm2 is the semicircular
area of at least 11 feet from the 12-inch antenna. All personnel must remain outside of this zone. With a
scanning or rotating beam, the averaged power density at the MPEL boundary is significantly reduced.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
MPEL
Boundary
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
11’ for 12” antenna
Figure 6-40 MPEL Boundary
Basic Antenna Tilt Setup
APPENDICES
The following discussion is a simple method for setting up the weather radar antenna tilt for most situations.
It is not to be considered an all encompassing setup that works in all situations, but this method does provide
good overall parameters for the monitoring of threats. Ultimately, it is desired to have the antenna tilted so that
the bottom of the radar beam is four degrees below parallel with the ground. The following example explains
one way of achieving this.
INDEX
With the aircraft flying level, adjust the antenna tilt so ground returns are displayed at a distance that equals
the aircraft’s current altitude (AGL) divided by 1,000. For example, if the aircraft is at 14,000 feet, adjust the
tilt so the front edge of ground returns are displayed at 14 nautical miles. Note this antenna tilt angle setting.
Now, raise the antenna tilt 6 degrees above this setting. The bottom of the radar beam is now angled down 4º
from parallel with the ground.
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OVERVIEW
Practical Application Using the Basic Tilt Setup
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
With the antenna tilt set as previously described, any displayed target return should be scrutinized when
flying at altitudes between 2,000 and 30,000 feet AGL. If the displayed target advances on the screen to
within 5 nautical miles of the aircraft, avoid it. This may be either weather or ground returns that are 2,000
feet or less below the aircraft. Raising the antenna tilt 4 degrees can help separate ground returns from
weather returns in relatively flat terrain. This aligns the bottom of the radar beam parallel with the ground.
Return the antenna tilt to the previous setting after a few sweeps.
EICAS
If the aircraft is above 29,000 feet, be cautious of any target return that gets to within 30 nautical miles.
This is likely a thunderstorm that has a top high enough that the aircraft cannot fly over it safely.
If the aircraft altitude is 15,000 feet or lower, setting the displayed range to 60 miles may be more helpful.
Closely monitor anything that enters the display.
2000
1000
0
1000
2000
3000
10 nm
4000
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
+4°
+3°
+2°
+1°
0°
-1°
-2°
-3°
-4°
3000
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Change in Antenna Tilt
Vertical Change of Radar Beam (feet)
4000
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Also, after setting up the antenna tilt angle as described previously, ground returns can be monitored for
possible threats. The relationship between antenna tilt angle, altitude, and distance is one degree of tilt equals
100 feet of altitude for every one nautical mile.
Figure 6-41 Vertical Change in Radar Beam per Nautical Mile
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Therefore, with the antenna tilt set so that the bottom of the beam is four degrees below parallel with the
ground, a target return at 10 nm is approximately 4,000 feet below the aircraft; at 20 nm, 8,000 feet; at 50 nm,
20,000 feet. In other words, at this tilt setting, a ground return (such as a mountain peak) being displayed
at 10 nm would have a maximum distance below the aircraft of 4,000 feet. When that ground target return
moves to 5 nm, the maximum distance below the aircraft is 2,000 feet.
This setup provides a good starting point for practical use of the GWX 68. There are many other factors to
consider in order to become proficient at using weather radar in all situations.
APPENDICES
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Hazard Avoidance
Weather Mapping and Interpretation
Weather Display Interpretation
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EICAS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
When evaluating various target returns on the weather radar display, the colors denote precipitation intensity
and rates shown in the table.
Weather Mode Color
Intensity
Black
Green
Yellow
Red
Magenta
< 23 dBZ
23 dBZ to < 32 dBZ
32 dBZ to < 41 dBZ
41 dBZ to < 50 dBZ
50 dBZ and greater
Approximate
Precipitation Rate
(in/hr.)
< .01.
.01 - 0.1.
0.1 - 0.5
0.5 - 2
>2
Table 6-3 Precipitation Intensity Levels
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Thunderstorms
Updrafts and downdrafts in thunderstorms carry water through the cloud. The more severe the drafts, the
greater the number and size of the precipitation droplets. With this in mind, the following interpretations
can be made from what is displayed on the weather radar. Avoid these areas by an extra wide margin.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
• In areas where the displayed target intensity is red or magenta (indicating large amounts of precipitation),
the turbulence is considered severe.
• Areas that show steep color gradients (intense color changes) over thin bands or short distances suggest
irregular rainfall rate and strong turbulence.
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
• Areas that show red or magenta are associated with hail or turbulence, as well as heavy precipitation. Vertical
scanning and antenna tilt management may be necessary to identify areas of maximum intensity.
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Along squall lines (multiple cells or clusters of cells in a line) individual cells may be in different stages
of development. Areas between closely spaced, intense targets may contain developing clouds not having
enough moisture to produce a return. However, these areas could have strong updrafts or downdrafts.
Targets showing wide areas of green are generally precipitation without severe turbulence.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Irregularities in the target return may also indicate turbulence, appearing as hooks, fingers, or scalloped
edges. These irregularities may be present in green areas with no yellow, red, or magenta areas and should
be treated as highly dangerous areas. Avoid these areas as if they are red or magenta.
Squall Line
EICAS
Hook or Finger
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Steep Gradient
Scalloped Edge
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Figure 6-42 Cell Irregularities
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Thunderstorm development is rapid. A course may become blocked within a short time. When displaying
shorter ranges, periodically select a longer range to see if problems are developing further out. That can
help prevent getting trapped in a blind alley or an area that is closed at one end by convective weather.
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Figure 6-43 The Blind Alley - Horizontal Scan
APPENDICES
INDEX
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OVERVIEW
Hazard Avoidance
EICAS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
In areas of multiple heavy cells, use the Vertical Scan feature along with antenna tilt management to
examine the areas. Remember to avoid shadowed areas behind targets.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
The Blind Alley at Close Range
The Large Storm Behind
Figure 6-44 The Blind Alley
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Tornadoes
There are no conclusive radar target return characteristics which identify a tornado. However, tornadoes
may be present if the following characteristics are observed:
• A narrow, finger-like portion extends and in a short time curls into a hook and closes on itself.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
• A hook, which may be in the general shape of the numeral 6, especially if bright and projecting from the
southwest quadrant (northeast quadrant in the southern hemisphere) of a major thunderstorm.
• V-shaped notches.
• Doughnut shapes.
AFCS
These shapes do not always indicate tornadoes, and tornado returns are not limited to these characteristics.
Confirmed radar observations of tornadoes most often have not shown shapes different from those of a
normal thunderstorm display.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Hail
APPENDICES
Hail results from updrafts carrying water high enough to freeze. Therefore, the higher the top of a
thunderstorm, the greater the probability that it contains hail. Vertically scanning the target return can
give the radar top of a thunderstorm that contains hail. Radar top is the top of a storm cell as detected by
radar. It is not the actual top, or true top of the storm. The actual top of a storm cell is seen with the eyes
in clear air and may be much higher than the radar top. The actual top does not indicate the top of the
hazardous area.
INDEX
Hail can fall below the minimum reflectivity threshold for radar detection. It can have a film of water on
its surface, making its reflective characteristics similar to a very large water droplet. Because of this film of
water, and because hail stones usually are larger than water droplets, thunderstorms with large amounts
of wet hail return stronger signals than those with rain. Some hail shafts are extremely narrow (100 yards
or less) and make poor radar targets. In the upper regions of a cell where ice particles are dry (no liquid
coating), target returns are less intense.
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Hail shafts are associated with the same radar target return characteristics as tornados. U-shaped cloud
edges three to seven miles across can also indicate hail. These target returns appear quite suddenly along
any edge of the cell outline. They also change in intensity and shape in a matter of seconds, making vigilant
monitoring essential.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Operation in Weather Mode
WARNING: Begin transmitting only when it is safe to do so. When transmitting while the aircraft is on the
ground, no personnel or objects should be within 11 feet of the antenna.
EICAS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
CAUTION: In Standby mode, the antenna is parked at the center line. It is always a good idea to put the
radar in Standby mode before taxiing the aircraft to prevent the antenna from bouncing on the bottom stop
and possibly causing damage to the radar assembly.
When the weather radar system is in the Weather or Ground Map mode, the system automatically switches
to Standby mode on landing.
Radar Mode
Scan Line
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
In Reversionary mode, the weather radar system automatically switches to Standby mode. The system
remains in Standby mode until both displays are restored. In Reversionary mode, the weather radar system
cannot be controlled.
Antenna Stabilization Status
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
Figure 6-45 Horizontal Scan Display
INDEX
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OVERVIEW
Hazard Avoidance
Displaying weather on the Weather Radar Page:
1) Select the Weather Radar Page in the Map Page Group with the FMS Knob.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
2) Select the MODE Softkey.
3) While on the ground, select the STANDBY Softkey. A one-minute warm-up period is initiated (countdown is
displayed on the screen). After the warm-up is complete, the radar enters the Standby Mode.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EICAS
a) Select the WEATHER Softkey. A confirmation window is displayed.
Figure 6-46 Confirming Activating Radar
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
b) Turn the small FMS Knob to highlight YES and press the ENT Key to continue radar activation.
OR:
If the aircraft is airborne, select the WEATHER Softkey. A one-minute warm-up period is initiated (countdown
is displayed on the screen). After the warm-up is complete, the radar begins transmitting.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
4) Turn the RANGE Knob to select the desired map range.
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
5) The horizontal scan is initially displayed (Figure 6-45). If desired, select the VERTICAL Softkey to change to
vertical scanning.
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Vertically scanning a storm cell:
NOTE: Vertical scanning of a storm cell should be done with the aircraft wings level to avoid constant
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
adjustment of the Bearing Line.
1) While in the Horizontal Scan view, select the BRG Softkey. This places the cursor in the BEARING field and
displays the Bearing Line.
If the Bearing Line is not displayed, press the MENU Key and turn the large FMS Knob to select Show Bearing
Line. Press the ENT Key.
EICAS
2) Press the ENT Key.
3) Turn the small FMS Knob to place the Bearing Line on the desired storm cell or other area to be vertically
scanned.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Scan Line
Bearing Line
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Figure 6-47 Bearing Line on Horizontal Scan
4) Select the VERTICAL Softkey. A vertical scan of the selected area is now displayed (Figure 6-48).
5) The small FMS Knob may be used to move the scanned bearing line a few degrees right or left.
APPENDICES
6) Turn the RANGE Knob to adjust the range.
7) Press the FMS Knob to remove the cursor.
8) To select a new area to be vertically scanned, select the HORIZON Softkey to return to the Horizontal Scan view
and repeat the previous steps.
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INDEX
The RANGE Knob can also be used to adjust bearing from left to right.
323
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EICAS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Hazard Avoidance
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Figure 6-48 Vertical Scan Display
Adjusting Antenna Tilt Angle
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
In order to make an accurate interpretation of a storm cell, the radar beam should be pointed at the wet
part of the weather cell to record the proper rainfall intensity (color level). The ideal aiming point is just
below the freezing level of the storm. The best way to find this point is to use the Vertical Scan feature. The
antenna tilt angle can be centered on the strongest return area in the vertical scan to get a more accurate
view of the coverage and intensity of the target in the horizontal scan.
Adjusting antenna tilt on the Horizontal Scan display:
AFCS
1) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor in the TILT field.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the desired antenna tilt angle.
3) Press the ENT Key.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
4) Press the FMS Knob to remove the cursor.
INDEX
APPENDICES
The RANGE Knob can also be used to adjust tilt up and down.
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Adjusting antenna tilt on the Vertical Scan display:
1) Select the TILT Softkey to activate the cursor in the TILT field and display the Tilt Line.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
If the Tilt Line is not displayed, press the MENU Key and turn the large FMS Knob to select Show Tilt Line. Press
the ENT Key.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to adjust the antenna tilt angle. The selected tilt angle is implemented when Horizontal
Scan is again selected.
The RANGE Knob can also be used to adjust tilt.
EICAS
Tilt Line
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Scan Line
AFCS
Figure 6-49 Adjusting Tilt on Vertical Scan Display
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Hazard Avoidance
Adjusting Gain
WARNING: Changing the gain in weather mode causes precipitation intensity to be displayed as a color
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
not representative of the true intensity. Remember to return the gain setting to Calibrated for viewing the
actual intensity of precipitation.
1) Select the GAIN Softkey to activate the cursor in the GAIN field.
EICAS
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to adjust the gain for the desirable level. The gain setting is visible in the GAIN field
as a movable horizontal bar in a flashing box. The line pointer is a reference depicting the calibrated position.
3) Press the FMS Knob to remove the cursor.
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
4) Select the GAIN Softkey again to recalibrate the gain. CALIBRATED is displayed in the GAIN field.
Manual Gain Set Below Calibrated
Calibrated Gain
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Figure 6-50 Gain Calibration
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Sector Scan
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
1) While in horizontal scan mode, select the BRG Softkey to display the Bearing Line and place the cursor in the
BEARING field. If the Bearing Line is not displayed, press the MENU Key and turn the large FMS Knob to select
Show Bearing Line.
2) Press the ENT Key.
EICAS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure 6-51 Selecting Sector Scan Position
3) Turn the small FMS Knob to place the Bearing Line in the desired position. The location of the Bearing Line
becomes the center point of the Sector Scan.
AFCS
4) Turn the large FMS Knob to place the cursor in the SECTOR SCAN field.
5) Turn the small FMS Knob to select FULL, 60˚, 40˚, or 20˚ scan.
6) If desired, readjust the Bearing Line as discussed previously to change the center of the Sector Scan.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
7) Select the BRG Softkey again to remove the Bearing Line and cursor. The bearing reference is also reset to 0º.
APPENDICES
INDEX
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AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EICAS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Hazard Avoidance
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Figure 6-52 40˚ Sector Scan
Antenna Stabilization
1) To activate or deactivate the antenna stabilization, select the MODE Softkey.
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
2) Select the STAB ON Softkey to activate antenna stabilization or select the STAB OFF Softkey to deactivate. The
current stabilization condition is shown in the upper right of the weather radar display.
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OVERVIEW
Weather Attenuated Color Highlight (WATCH®)
EICAS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Displayed intensity is questionable.
Potentially stronger than displayed.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
WATCH® identifies deceptively strong or unknown intensity parts of a storm. While in horizontal
scan mode, this feature can be used as a tool to determine areas of possible inaccuracies in displayed
intensity due to weakening of the radar energy. This weakening is known as attenuation. The radar energy
weakens as it passes through areas of intense precipitation, large areas of lesser precipitation, and distance.
Issues with the radome also attenuates the radar energy. All these factors have an effect on the return
intensity. The more energy that dissipates, the lesser the displayed intensity of the return. Accuracy of the
displayed intensity of returns located in the shaded areas are suspect. Make maneuvering decisions with
this information in mind. Proper antenna tilt management should still be employed to determine the extent
of attenuation in a shaded area.
To activate or deactivate the WATCH® feature, select the WATCH Softkey.
Areas of
Attenuated Signal
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Horizontal Scan Without WATCH®
Horizontal Scan With WATCH®
Figure 6-53 Horizontal Scan Without and With WATCH®
APPENDICES
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Hazard Avoidance
Weather Alert
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The Weather Alert feature indicates the presence of heavy precipitation between the ranges of 80 and 320
nm regardless of the currently displayed range. Weather Alert targets appear as red bands along the outer
range ring at the approximate azimuth of the detected returns.
If a Weather Alert is detected within ±10° of the aircraft heading, an alert is displayed on the PFD in the
Messages Window.
EICAS
If the antenna tilt is adjusted too low, a weather alert can be generated by ground returns. To avoid
unwanted weather alerts, deselect the WX ALRT Softkey..
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Weather Alerts
AFCS
Figure 6-54 Weather Alert Indications
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
To activate or deactivate Weather Alerts, select the WX ALRT Softkey. Activating and deactivating also
enables or inhibits the alert on the PFD.
INDEX
Figure 6-55 Weather Alert on PFD
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OVERVIEW
Ground Mapping and Interpretation
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
A secondary use of the weather radar system is for the presentation of terrain. This can be a useful tool for
verifying aircraft position. A picture of the ground is represented much like a topographical map that can be
used as a supplement to the navigation map on the MFD.
EICAS
Ground Map mode uses a different gain range than Weather mode. Different colors are also used to represent
the intensity levels. The displayed intensity of ground target returns are defined in the table below. Use of the
GAIN and TILT controls helps improve contrast so that specific ground targets can be recognized more easily.
As previously discussed, the type and orientation of the target in relation to the aircraft affects the intensity
displayed.
When the weather radar system is in either the Weather or Ground Map mode, the system automatically
switches to Standby mode upon landing.
Black
Light blue
Magenta
Blue
Intensity
0 dB
> 0 dB to < 9 dB
9 dB to < 18 dB
18 dB to < 27 dB
27 dB and greater
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Yellow
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Ground Map
Mode Color
Table 6-4 Ground Target Return Intensity Levels
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Operation in Ground Map Mode
1) Select the MODE Softkey.
2) Select the GROUND Softkey to place the radar in Ground Map mode.
3) Select the BACK Softkey.
AFCS
4) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
5) Turn the large FMS Knob to place the cursor in the TILT field.
6) Adjust the antenna tilt angle by turning the small FMS Knob to display ground returns at the desired distance.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
7) Press the FMS Knob to remove the cursor.
APPENDICES
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Hazard Avoidance
6.3 Terrain Awareness & Warning System (TAWS)
Warning: Do not use TAWS information for primary terrain avoidance. TAWS is intended only to enhance
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
situational awareness.
NOTE: Terrain data is not displayed when the aircraft latitude is greater than 75° North or 60° South.
NOTE: The data contained in the TAWS databases comes from government agencies. Garmin accurately
EICAS
processes and cross-validates the data but cannot guarantee the accuracy and completeness of the data.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
The Terrain Awareness and Warning System (TAWS) is an optional feature to increase situational awareness
and aid in reducing controlled flight into terrain (CFIT). TAWS provides visual and aural annunciations when
terrain and obstacles are within the given altitude threshold from the aircraft. The displayed alerts and warnings
are advisory in nature only.
TAWS satisfies TSO-C151b Class B requirements for certification. Class B TAWS is required for all Part 91
aircraft operations with six or more passenger seats and for Part 135 turbine aircraft operations with six to nine
passenger seats (FAR Parts 91.223, 135.154).
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
• A valid terrain/obstacle/airport terrain database
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
TAWS requires the following to operate properly:
TAWS uses terrain and obstacle information supplied by government sources. Terrain information is based on
terrain elevation information in a database that may contain inaccuracies. Individual obstructions may be shown
if available in the database. The data undergoes verification by Garmin to confirm accuracy of the content, per
TSO-C151b. However, the displayed information should never be understood as being all-inclusive and data
may be inaccurate.
• A valid 3-D GPS position solution
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
TAWS uses information provided from the GPS receiver to provide a horizontal position and altitude. GPS
altitude is derived from satellite measurements. GPS altitude is converted to a mean sea level (MSL)-based
altitude (GPS-MSL altitude) and is used to determine TAWS alerts. GPS-MSL altitude accuracy is affected by
factors such as satellite geometry, but it is not subject to variations in pressure and temperature that normally
affect pressure altitude devices. GPS-MSL altitude does not require local altimeter settings to determine MSL
altitude. Therefore, GPS altitude provides a highly accurate and reliable MSL altitude source to calculate terrain
and obstacle alerts.
APPENDICES
The terrain and obstacle databases used by TAWS are referenced to mean sea level (MSL). Using the GPS
position and GPS-MSL altitude, TAWS displays a 2-D picture of the surrounding terrain and obstacles relative
to the position and altitude of the aircraft. Furthermore, the GPS position and GPS-MSL altitude are used to
calculate and “predict” the aircraft’s flight path in relation to the surrounding terrain and obstacles. In this
manner, TAWS can provide advanced alerts of predicted dangerous terrain conditions.
INDEX
Baro-corrected altitude (or indicated altitude) is derived by adjusting the altimeter setting for local atmospheric
conditions. The most accurate baro-corrected altitude can be achieved by frequently updating the altimeter
setting to the nearest reporting station along the flight path. However, because actual atmosphere conditions
seldom match the standard conditions defined by the International Standard Atmosphere (ISA) model (where
pressure, temperature, and lapse rates have fixed values), it is common for the baro-corrected altitude (as read
from the altimeter) to differ from the GPS-MSL altitude. This variation results in the aircraft’s true altitude
differing from the baro-corrected altitude.
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Displaying TAWS Data
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
TAWS uses yellow (caution) and red (warning) to depict terrain and obstacles with heights greater than 200
feet above ground level, AGL. Alerts are given relative to aircraft altitude. Colors are adjusted automatically as
the aircraft altitude changes. The colors and symbols shown in the figure and table below are used to represent
terrain, obstacles, and potential impact points.
Potential Impact Point
Terrain above or
within 100 ft
below the aircraft
altitude
Projected Flight Path
100 ft Threshold
Unlighted Obstacle
EICAS
1000 ft
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Terrain between 100 ft and 1000 ft below the
aircraft altitude
Terrain more than 1000 ft below the aircraft altitude
Figure 6-56 Terrain Altitude/Color Correlation for TAWS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Unlighted Obstacle
Lighted Obstacle
Potential
< 1000’ AGL > 1000’ AGL < 1000’ AGL > 1000’ AGL Impact Points
Obstacle Location
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
WARNING: Red obstacle is above or within
100’ below current aircraft altitude
CAUTION: Yellow obstacle is between 100’
and 1000’ below current aircraft altitude
Table 6-5 TAWS Obstacle Colors and Symbology
AFCS
TAWS information can be displayed on the following maps:
• Trip Planning Page
• Navigation Map Page
• Flight Plan Pages
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
• PFD Inset Map
• TAWS Page
Displaying terrain and obstacle information (maps other than the TAWS Page):
APPENDICES
1) Select the MAP Softkey (for the PFD Inset Map, select the INSET Softkey).
2) Select the TERRAIN Softkey to display terrain and obstacle data.
When TAWS is selected on maps other than the TAWS Page, an icon to indicate the feature is enabled for
display and a legend for TAWS terrain colors is shown.
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INDEX
The Navigation Map Page Setup Menu provides a means in addition to the softkey for enabling/disabling
display of terrain and obstacles. The setup menu also controls the map range settings above which terrain and
obstacle data are decluttered from the display. If a map range larger than the map range setting is selected, the
data is removed from the map.
333
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Hazard Avoidance
Terrain data can be selected for display independently of obstacle data; however, obstacles for which warnings
and cautions are issued are shown when terrain is selected for display and the map range is within the setting
limit.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Maps other than the TAWS Page use settings based on those selected for the Navigation Map Page. The
maximum display ranges for obstacles on each map are dependent on the range setting made for the Navigation
Map. If the maximum range for obstacle display on the Navigation Map is adjusted to below 20 nm, the highest
obstacle display range settings on the other applicable maps are also adjusted proportionally.
Customizing terrain and obstacle display on the Navigation Map Page:
EICAS
1) Select the Navigation Map Page.
2) Press the MENU Key.
3) With Map Setup highlighted, press the ENT Key (Figure 6-57).
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the Map Group and press the ENT Key (Figure 6-58).
5) Turn the large FMS Knob or press the ENT Key to scroll through product selections (Figure 6-59).
• TERRAIN DATA – Turns the display of terrain data on or off and sets maximum range at which terrain is shown
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
• OBSTACLE DATA – Turns the display of obstacle data on or off and sets maximum range at which obstacles are shown
6) Turn the small FMS Knob to scroll through options for each product (ON/OFF, range settings).
7) Press the ENT Key to select an option.
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
8) Press the FMS Knob or CLR Key to return to the Navigation Map Page with the changed settings.
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Figure 6-57 Navigation Map Page Menu
Figure 6-58 Navigation Map Page Setup Menu
334
Figure 6-59 Navigation Map Page Setup Menu, Map Group
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
TAWS Page
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The TAWS Page is specialized to show terrain, obstacle, and potential impact point data in relation to the
aircraft’s current altitude, without clutter from the basemap. Aviation data (airports, VORs, and other NAVAIDs)
can be displayed for reference. If an obstacle and the projected flight path of the aircraft intersect, the display
automatically zooms in to the closest potential point of impact on the TAWS Page.
Aircraft orientation on this map is always heading up unless there is no valid heading. Two views are available
relative to the position of the aircraft; the 360° default display and the radar-like ARC (120°) display. Map range
is adjustable with the RANGE Knob from 1 to 200 nm, as indicated by the map range rings or arcs.
EICAS
Displaying the TAWS Page:
1) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the Map Page Group.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the TAWS Page.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Changing the TAWS Page view:
1) Select the VIEW Softkey.
2) Select the 360 or ARC Softkey to select the desired view.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Or:
1) Press the MENU Key.
2) Select ‘View 120º’ or ‘View 360º’, dependent on current state, and press the ENT Key to change the view.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Showing/hiding aviation information on the TAWS Page:
1) Press the MENU Key.
2) Select ‘Show Aviation Data’ or ‘Hide Aviation Data’, dependent on current state, and press the ENT Key.
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Hazard Avoidance
Map Orientation
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Current Aircraft GPSderived MSL Altitude
Map Range Rings
EICAS
Yellow Terrain
(Between 100’ and 1000’
Below the Aircraft Altitude)
Red Terrain
(Above or Within 100’
Below the Aircraft Altitude)
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Black Terrain
(More than 1000’ Below
the Aircraft Altitude)
Terrain Legend
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Figure 6-60 TAWS Page, 360º View
Yellow Terrain
(Between 100’ and 1000’
Below the Aircraft Altitude)
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Red Terrain
(Above or Within 100’
Below the Aircraft Altitude)
AFCS
Map Range Arcs
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Black Terrain
(More than 1000’ Below
the Aircraft Altitude)
APPENDICES
Terrain Legend
INDEX
Figure 6-61 TAWS Page (ARC View)
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OVERVIEW
TAWS Alerts
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Alerts are issued when flight conditions meet parameters that are set within TAWS software algorithms.
TAWS alerts typically employ a CAUTION or a WARNING alert severity level, or both. When an alert is issued,
visual annunciations are displayed and aural alerts are simultaneously issued. Table 6-6 shows TAWS alert
types with corresponding annunciations and aural messages.
When an alert is issued, annunciations appear on the PFD and MFD. The TAWS Alert Annunciation is shown
to the upper left of the Altimeter on the PFD and below the Terrain Legend on the MFD. If the TAWS Page is
not displayed at the time, a pop-up alert appears on the MFD. To acknowledge the pop-up alert:
EICAS
• Press the CLR Key (returns to the currently viewed page), or
• Press the ENT Key (accesses the TAWS Page)
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Alert Annunciation
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Figure 6-62 Alert Annunciation on the PFD
APPENDICES
Figure 6-63 Alert Pop-up on the MFD
INDEX
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FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Hazard Avoidance
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EICAS
Potential
Impact Point
Alert
Annunciation
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure 6-64 TAWS PULL UP Alert Annunciation on the MFD
TAWS Inhibit
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
PDA and FLTA aural and visual alerts can be manually inhibited. Use caution when inhibiting TAWS as the
system should be enabled when appropriate. When TAWS is inhibited, the alert annunciation TAWS INHB
is shown on the PFD and MFD.
Figure 6-65 TAWS Alerting Disabled (TAWS Inhibited) Annunciation
Inhibiting/enabling TAWS alerting:
APPENDICES
1) Select the TAWS Page.
2) Select the INHIBIT Softkey to inhibit or enable TAWS (choice dependent on current state).
Or:
a) Press the MENU Key.
INDEX
b) Select ‘Inhibit TAWS’ or ‘Enable TAWS’ (choice dependent on current state) and press the ENT Key.
If TAWS alerts are inhibited when the Final Approach Fix is the active waypoint during a GPS WAAS
approach, a LOW ALT annunciation may appear on the PFD next to the altimeter if the current aircraft
altitude is at least 164 feet below the prescribed altitude at the Final Approach Fix. See the Flight Instruments
Section for details.
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Hazard Avoidance
MFD Pop-Up Alert
Aural Message
Excessive Descent Rate Warning
(EDR)
“Pull Up”
or
* “Terrain Ahead, Pull Up; Terrain Ahead, Pull Up”*
or
“Terrain, Terrain; Pull Up, Pull Up”
or
* “Obstacle Ahead, Pull Up; Obstacle Ahead, Pull Up”*
or
“Obstacle, Obstacle; Pull Up, Pull Up”
Imminent Obstacle Impact
Warning (IOI)
Reduced Required Terrain
Clearance Caution (RTC)
“Terrain Ahead; Terrain Ahead”*
or
“Caution, Terrain; Caution, Terrain”
*
“Terrain Ahead; Terrain Ahead”*
or
“Caution, Terrain; Caution, Terrain”
*
“Obstacle Ahead; Obstacle Ahead”*
or
“Caution, Obstacle; Caution, Obstacle”
*
“Obstacle Ahead; Obstacle Ahead”*
or
“Caution, Obstacle; Caution, Obstacle”
or
Imminent Terrain Impact Caution
(ITI)
or
Reduced Required Obstacle
Clearance Caution (ROC)
or
Imminent Obstacle Impact
Caution (IOI)
or
“Too Low, Terrain”
None
None
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
“Five-Hundred”
“Sink Rate”
*
or
“Don’t Sink”*
or
“Too Low, Terrain”
APPENDICES
Negative Climb Rate Caution
(NCR)
AFCS
*
or
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
“Obstacle Ahead, Pull Up; Obstacle Ahead, Pull Up”
or
“Obstacle, Obstacle; Pull Up, Pull Up”
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
*
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Reduced Required Obstacle
Clearance Warning (ROC)
EICAS
or
“Terrain Ahead, Pull Up; Terrain Ahead, Pull Up”*
or
“Terrain, Terrain; Pull Up, Pull Up”
*
Imminent Terrain Impact
Warning (ITI)
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Reduced Required Terrain
Clearance Warning (RTC)
Premature Descent Alert
Caution (PDA)
Altitude Callout “500”
Excessive Descent Rate Caution
(EDR)
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
PFD/MFD Alert
Annunciation
Alert Type
* Alerts with multiple messages are configurable at installation and are installation-dependent. Alerts for the default
configuration are indicated with asterisks.
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INDEX
Table 6-6 TAWS Alerts Summary
339
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Hazard Avoidance
Excessive Descent Rate Alert
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The purpose of the Excessive Descent Rate (EDR) alert is to provide suitable notification when the aircraft
is determined to be closing (descending) upon terrain at an excessive speed. The following figure shows the
parameters for the alert as defined by TSO-C151b.
6000
5500
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Height Above Terrain (Feet)
EICAS
5000
4500
"
TE
A
KR
4000
IN
"S
3500
3000
2500
2000
1500
"PULL UP"
1000
500
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
0
2000
4000
6000
8000
10000
12000
Descent Rate (FPM)
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
Figure 6-66 Excessive Descent Rate Alert Criteria
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Forward Looking Terrain Avoidance
The Forward Looking Terrain Avoidance (FLTA) alert is used by TAWS and is composed of:
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
• Reduced Required Terrain Clearance and Reduced Required Obstacle Clearance
Reduced Required Terrain Clearance (RTC) and Reduced Required Obstacle Clearance (ROC) alerts are
issued when the aircraft flight path is above terrain, yet is projected to come within the minimum clearance
values. When an RTC alert is issued, a potential impact point is displayed on the TAWS Page.
• Imminent Terrain Impact and Imminent Obstacle Impact
EICAS
Flight Phase
Minimum Clearance Altitude (ft)
Level Flight
Descending
700
500
350
300
150
100
100
100
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Enroute
Terminal
Approach
Departure
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Imminent Terrain Impact (ITI) and Imminent Obstacle Impact (IOI) alerts are issued when the aircraft
is below the elevation of a terrain or obstacle cell in the aircraft’s projected path. ITI and IOI alerts are
accompanied by a potential impact point displayed on the TAWS Page. The alert is annunciated when the
projected vertical flight path is calculated to come within minimum clearance altitudes in the table.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Table 6-7 FLTA Alert Minimum Terrain and Obstacle Clearance Values
During final approach, FLTA alerts are automatically inhibited when the aircraft is below 200 feet AGL
while within 0.5 nm of the approach runway or below 125 feet AGL while within 1.0 nm of the runway
threshold.
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
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341
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Premature Descent Alerting
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Hazard Avoidance
PDA alerting begins when the aircraft is within 15 nm of the destination airport and ends when the aircraft
is either 0.5 nm from the runway threshold or is at an altitude of 125 feet AGL while within 1.0 nm of the
threshold. During the final descent, algorithms set a threshold for alerting based on speed, distance, and
other parameters.
A Premature Descent Alert (PDA) is issued when the system detects that the aircraft is significantly below
the normal approach path to a runway.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Height Above Terrain (Feet)
EICAS
700
600
500
400
300
PDA Alerting Area
200
100
Runway 1
Threshold
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
Distance From Destination Airport (nm)
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure 6-67 PDA Alerting Threshold
Five-Hundred Aural Alert
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
The purpose of the aural alert message “Five-hundred” is to provide an advisory alert to the pilot that the
aircraft is 500 feet above terrain. When the aircraft descends within 500 feet of terrain, the aural message
“five-hundred” is generated. There are no display annunciations or pop-up alerts that accompany the aural
message.
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Hazard Avoidance
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Negative Climb Rate After Takeoff Alert (NCR)
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The Negative Climb Rate (NCR) After Takeoff alert (also referred to as “Altitude Loss After Takeoff”) provides
alerts when the system determines the aircraft is losing altitude (closing upon terrain) after takeoff. The aural
message “Don’t Sink” is given for NCR alerts, accompanied by an annunciation and a pop-up terrain alert on
the display. NCR alerting is only active when departing from an airport and when the following conditions
are met:
• Height above the terrain is less than 700 feet
• Distance from the departure airport is 2 nm or less
EICAS
• Heading change from the departure heading is less than 110 degrees
1000
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
800
600
400
“DON’T SINK”
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Height Above Terrain (Feet)
The figure below shows the NCR alerting parameters as defined by TSO-C151b.
200
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
140
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
1000
900
800
700
600
500
400
AFCS
“DON’T SINK”
300
200
100
0
500
1000
1500
2000
2500
3000
3500
4000
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Height Above Terrain (Feet)
Altitude Loss (Feet)
Sink Rate (Feet Per Minute)
Figure 6-68 Negative Climb Rate (NCR) Alert Criteria
APPENDICES
INDEX
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343
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Hazard Avoidance
System Status
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
During G1000 power-up, TAWS conducts a self-test of its aural and visual annunciations. The system test
can also be manually initiated. An aural alert is issued at test completion. TAWS System Testing is disabled
when ground speed exceeds 30 knots.
PFD/MFD Alert TAWS Page
Annunciation Annunciation
Alert Type
System Test in Progress
EICAS
System Test Pass
None
TAWS System Test Fail
Aural Message
TAWS TEST
None
None
“TAWS System Test OK”
TAWS FAIL
“TAWS System Failure”
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Table 6-8 TAWS System Test Status Annunciations
Manually testing the TAWS System:
1) Select the TAWS Page.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
2) Press the MENU Key.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
3) Select Test TAWS and press the ENT Key to confirm the selection.
AFCS
Figure 6-69 TAWS Page Menu
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
TAWS continually monitors several system-critical items such as database validity, hardware status, and GPS
status. If the terrain/obstacle database is not available, the aural message “TAWS System Failure” is generated
along with the TAWS FAIL alert annunciation.
APPENDICES
TAWS requires a 3-D GPS navigation solution along with specific vertical accuracy minimums. Should the
navigation solution become degraded or if the aircraft is out of the database coverage area, the annunciation
TAWS N/A is generated in the annunciation window and on the TAWS Page. The aural message “TAWS Not
Available” is generated.
Alert Type
No GPS position
Excessively degraded GPS signal
PFD/MFD Alert
Annunciation
TAWS Page
Annunciation
Aural Message
NO GPS POSITION “TAWS Not Available”
INDEX
Table 6-9 TAWS Status Annunciation
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Hazard Avoidance
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
6.4 Traffic Information Service (TIS)
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
WARNING: The Traffic Information Service (TIS) is intended for advisory use only. TIS is intended to help the
pilot locate traffic visually. It is the responsibility of the pilot to see and maneuver to avoid traffic.
NOTE: TIS is available only when the aircraft is within the service volume of a TIS-capable terminal radar
EICAS
site. Aircraft without an operating transponder are invisible to both Traffic Advisory Systems (TAS) and TIS.
Aircraft without altitude reporting capability are shown without altitude separation data or climb descent
indication.
NOTE: TIS is disabled if a Traffic Advisory System (TAS) is installed.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
TIS Symbol
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Traffic Information Service (TIS) is designed to help in detection and avoidance of other aircraft. TIS uses the
Mode S transponder for the traffic data link. TIS receives traffic information from ground stations, and is updated
every 5 seconds. The G1000 displays up to eight traffic targets within a 7.5-nm radius, from 3000 feet below to
3500 feet above the requesting aircraft. Traffic is displayed according to TCAS symbology using three different
symbols (Table 6-10).
Description
Non-Threat Traffic
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Traffic Advisory (TA)
Traffic Advisory Off Scale
AFCS
Table 6-10 TIS Traffic Symbols
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
A Traffic Advisory (TA) indicates that the current track of the intruder could result in a collision. When traffic
meets the advisory criteria for the TA, a solid yellow circle symbol is generated. A TA which is detected, but is
outside the range of the map, is indicated with a message in the lower left corner of the map and a half TA symbol
at the relative bearing of the intruder.
APPENDICES
TIS also provides a vector line showing the direction in which the traffic is moving, to the nearest 45°. Traffic
information for which TIS is unable to determine the bearing (non-bearing traffic) is displayed in the center of
the Traffic Map Page (Figure 6-74) or in a banner at the lower left corner of maps other than the Traffic Map Page
on which traffic can be displayed.
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Hazard Avoidance
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The altitude difference between the requesting aircraft and other intruder aircraft is displayed above/below the
traffic symbol in hundreds of feet. If the other aircraft is above the requesting aircraft, the altitude separation
appears above the traffic symbol; if below, the altitude separation appears below. Altitude trend is displayed as
an up/down arrow (for speeds greater than 500 fpm in either direction) to the right of the target symbol. Traffic
symbols for aircraft without altitude reporting capability appear without altitude separation or climb/descent
information.
Displaying TRAFFIC Data
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EICAS
Traffic information can be displayed on the following maps (when TIS is operating):
• PFD Inset Map
• Trip Planning Page
• Navigation Map Page
• Nearest Pages
• Traffic Map Page
• Active Flight Plan Page
Displaying traffic information (maps other than the Traffic Map Page):
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
1) Select the MAP Softkey.
2) Select the TRAFFIC Softkey to display traffic data.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
When traffic is selected on maps other than the Traffic Map Page, an icon is shown to indicate the feature is
enabled for display.
AFCS
Traffic
Advisory
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Non-Threat
Traffic
APPENDICES
Traffic
Display
Enabled
INDEX
Figure 6-70 TIS Traffic on the Navigation Map Page
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Hazard Avoidance
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Displaying traffic information (PFD Inset Map):
1) Select the INSET Softkey.
2) Select the TRAFFIC Softkey to display traffic data on the inset map (TRFC-1).
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
3) Select the softkey again to display the traffic-only inset (TRFC-2).
4) Select the softkey again to remove traffic data.
Customizing traffic display on the Navigation Map Page:
1) Select the Navigation Map Page.
EICAS
2) Press the MENU Key.
3) With ‘Map Setup’ highlighted, press the ENT Key (Figure 6-71).
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the ‘Traffic’ Group and press the ENT Key (Figure 6-72).
5) Turn the large FMS Knob or press the ENT Key to scroll through product selections (Figure 6-73).
• TRAFFIC – Turns the display of traffic data on or off
• TRAFFIC MODE – Selects the traffic mode for display; select from:
- All Traffic - Displays all traffic
- TA/PA - Displays Traffic Alerts and Proximity Advisories
- TA ONLY - Displays Traffic Alerts only
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
• TRAFFIC SMBL – Selects the maximum range at which traffic symbols are shown
• TRAFFIC LBL – Selects the maximum range at which traffic labels are shown (with the option to turn off)
6) Turn the small FMS Knob to scroll through options for each product (ON/OFF, range settings, etc.).
7) Press the ENT Key to select an option.
AFCS
8) Press the FMS Knob or CLR Key to return to the Navigation Map Page with the changed settings.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
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347
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Hazard Avoidance
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EICAS
Figure 6-71 Navigation Map Page Menu
Figure 6-72 Navigation Map Page Setup Menu
Figure 6-73 Navigation Map Page Setup Menu, Traffic Group
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
The Navigation Map Page Setup Menu provides a means in addition to the softkey for enabling/disabling
display of traffic. The setup menu also controls the map range settings above which traffic data (symbols
and labels) are decluttered from the display. If a map range larger than the map range setting is selected, the
data is removed from the map. Maps besides the Traffic Map Page use settings based on those selected for the
Navigation Map Page.
AFCS
Traffic Map Page
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
The Traffic Map Page is specialized to show surrounding TIS traffic data in relation to the aircraft’s current
position and altitude, without clutter from the basemap. Aircraft orientation on this map is always heading up
unless there is no valid heading. Map range is adjustable with the RANGE Knob from 2 to 12 nm, as indicated
by the map range rings.
APPENDICES
The traffic mode is annunciated in the upper left corner of the Traffic Map Page. When the aircraft is on the
ground, TIS automatically enters Standby Mode. Once the aircraft is airborne, TIS switches from Standby to
Operating Mode and the G1000 begins to display traffic information. Refer to the System Status discussion for
more information.
Displaying traffic on the Traffic Map Page:
1) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the Map Page Group.
INDEX
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the Traffic Map Page.
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
3) Confirm TIS is in Operating Mode:
Select the OPERATE Softkey to begin displaying traffic.
Or:
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
a) Press the MENU Key.
b) Select ‘Operate Mode’ (shown if TIS is in Standby Mode) and press the ENT Key.
Operating
Mode
EICAS
Non-Threat
Traffic
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Traffic Advisory,
Off Scale Aircraft
is Out of Range,
200’ Above and
Descending
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Display
of System
Status
Non-Bearing Traffic (System is Unable to
Determine Bearing), Aircraft Distance is 8.0
nm, 1100’ Above and Descending
Mutes “TIS Not
Available” Voice
Alert
AFCS
Traffic Advisory, Aircraft
is 400’ Below and
Climbing
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Non-Threat
Traffic
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Figure 6-74 Traffic Map Page
TIS Alerts
When the number of TAs on the Traffic Map Page increases from one scan to the next, the following occur:
APPENDICES
• A single “Traffic” voice alert is generated.
• A ‘TRAFFIC’ Annunciation appears to the top left of the Attitude Indicator on the PFD, flashing for 5 seconds
and remaining displayed until no TAs are detected in the area.
• The PFD Inset Map is automatically displayed with traffic.
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INDEX
To reduce the number of nuisance alerts due to proximate aircraft, the “Traffic” voice alert is generated only
when the number of TAs increases. For example, when the first TA is displayed, a voice and visual annunciation
are generated. As long as a single TA remains on the display, no additional voice alerts are generated. If a
second TA appears on the display or if the number of TAs initially decreases and then subsequently increases,
another voice alert is generated.
349
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Hazard Avoidance
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EICAS
Inset Map
Displays When
TA is Detected
Figure 6-75 Traffic Annunciation (PFD)
A “TIS Not Available” (TNA) voice alert is generated when the TIS service becomes unavailable or is out of
range. TIS may be unavailable in the radar coverage area due to the following:
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
• Radar site TIS Mode S sensor is not operational or is out of service
• Traffic or requesting aircraft is beyond the maximum range of the TIS-capable Mode S radar site.
• Traffic or requesting aircraft is above the radar site in the cone of silence and out of range of an adjacent site.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
• Traffic or requesting aircraft is below radar coverage. In flat terrain, the coverage extends from about 3000
feet upward at 55 miles. Terrain and obstacles around the radar site can further decrease radar coverage in all
directions.
• Traffic does not have an operating transponder.
AFCS
The “TIS Not Available” (TNA) voice alert can be manually muted to reduce nuisance alerting. TNA muting
status is shown in the upper left corner of the Traffic Map Page.
Muting the “TIS Not Available” voice alert:
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
1) Select the Traffic Map Page.
2) Select the TNA MUTE Softkey. The status is displayed in the upper left corner of the Traffic Map Page.
Or:
a) Press the MENU Key.
INDEX
APPENDICES
b) Select ‘‘’Not Available” Mute On’ (shown if TNA muting is currently off) and press the ENT Key.
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
System Status
Traffic Map Page
Annunciation
NO DATA
FAILED
Description
Data is not being received from the transponder*
Data is being received from the transponder, but
a failure is detected in the data stream*
EICAS
DATA FAILED
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The G1000 performs an automatic test of TIS during power-up. If TIS passes the test, TIS enters Standby
Mode (on the ground) or Operating Mode (in the air). If TIS fails the power up test, an annunciation is shown
in the center of the Traffic Map Page.
The transponder has failed*
TIS is unavailable or out of range
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
UNAVAILABLE
* Contact a service center or Garmin dealer for corrective action
Table 6-11 TIS Failure Annunciations
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
System Test has Failed
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Data Not Received
from Transponder
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
Figure 6-76 TIS Power-up Test Failure
INDEX
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351
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Hazard Avoidance
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EICAS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The traffic mode is annunciated in the upper left corner of the Traffic Map Page. When the aircraft is on the
ground, TIS automatically enters Standby Mode. If traffic is selected for display on another map while Standby
Mode is selected, the traffic display enabled icon is crossed out (also the case whenever TIS has failed). Once
the aircraft is airborne, TIS switches to Operating Mode and traffic information is displayed. The mode can be
changed manually using softkeys or the page menu.
Mode
Traffic Mode Annunciation
(Traffic Map Page)
TIS Operating
OPERATING
TIS Standby
STANDBY
(also shown in white in center of page)
TIS Failed*
FAIL
Traffic Display Enabled Icon
(Other Maps)
* See Table 6-11 for additional failure annunciations
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Table 6-12 TIS Modes
Switching between TIS modes:
1) Select the Traffic Map Page.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
2) Select the STANDBY or OPERATE Softkey to switch between modes. The mode is displayed in the upper left
corner of the Traffic Map Page.
Or:
a) Press the MENU Key.
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
b) Select ‘Operate Mode’ or ‘Standby Mode’ (choice dependent on current state) and press the ENT Key.
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Hazard Avoidance
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
The annunciations to indicate the status of traffic information appear in a banner at the lower left corner of
maps on which traffic can be displayed (Table 6-13).
Traffic Status Banner
Annunciation
TA X.X ± XX ↕
TRFC RMVD
Traffic is removed because it is too old for coasting (12 to 60 seconds since last message)
Traffic may exist within the selected display range, but it is not displayed
Traffic data has failed
Traffic has not been detected
The traffic service is unavailable or out of range
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
TRFC FAIL
NO TRFC DATA
TRFC UNAVAIL
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
TRFC COAST
A Traffic Advisory is outside the selected display range*
Annunciation is removed when traffic comes within the selected display range
System cannot determine bearing of Traffic Advisory**
Annunciation indicates distance in nm, altitude separation in hundreds of feet, and
altitude trend arrow (climbing/descending)
Appears if traffic data is not refreshed within 6 seconds
If after another 6 seconds data is not received, traffic is removed from the display
The quality of displayed traffic information is reduced as the age increases
The displayed data is not current (6 to 12 seconds since last message)
The quality of displayed traffic information is reduced when this message is displayed
EICAS
AGE MM:SS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
TA OFF SCALE
Description
*Shown as symbol on Traffic Map Page
**Shown in center of Traffic Map Page
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Table 6-13 TIS Traffic Status Annunciations
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
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353
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Hazard Avoidance
6.5 Traffic Advisory System (TAS)
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
NOTE: TIS is disabled when Traffic Advisory System (TAS) is installed.
Refer to the Honeywell® KTA 870 Pilot’s Guide for a detailed discussion of the KTA 870 TAS.
TAS Symbology
EICAS
Traffic Advisory System (TAS) is designed to help in detection and avoidance of other aircraft. TAS uses an onboard interrogator-processor and the Mode S transponder for the air-to-air traffic data link. Traffic is displayed
according to TCAS symbology using four different symbols.
TAS Symbol
Description
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Non-Threat Traffic
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Proximity Advisory (PA)
Traffic Advisory (TA)
Traffic Advisory Off Scale
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Table 6-14 TAS Symbol Description
A Non-threat Advisory, shown as an open white diamond, indicates that an intruding aircraft is at greater than
±1200 feet relative altitude or the distance is beyond 5 nm.
AFCS
A Proximity Advisory indicates that the intruding aircraft is within ±1200 feet and is within 5 nm range, but
is still not considered a threat.
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
A Traffic Advisory (TA) alerts the crew to a potentially hazardous intruding aircraft. Closing rate, distance,
and vertical separation meet TA criteria. A Traffic Advisory that is beyond the selected display range is indicated
by a half TA symbol at the edge of the screen at the relative bearing of the intruder.
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Operation
The KTA 870 must be in Operating Mode for traffic to be displayed. The unit starts in Operating Mode upon
power-up.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Selecting the STANDBY Softkey forces the unit into Standby Mode. Selecting the NORMAL Softkey allows
the KTA 870 to switch from Standby Mode to Operating Mode as necessary.
Switching from operating mode to standby mode:
On the Traffic Page, select the STANDBY Softkey
EICAS
Or:
1) Press the MENU Key and turn the small FMS knob to select Standby Mode.
2) Press the ENT Key.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Switching from standby mode to operating mode:
On the Traffic Page, select the NORMAL Softkey
Or:
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
1) Press the MENU Key and turn the small FMS knob to select Normal Mode.
2) Press the ENT Key. The KTA 870 switches from Standby Mode to Operating Mode as necessary.
System Self Test
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
1) Set the range to 2/6 nm.
2) Select the TEST Softkey.
3) Self test takes approximately eight seconds to complete. When completed successfully, traffic symbols are
displayed and a voice alert “TAS System Test Passed” is heard. In the event that the system test fails, the system
reverts to Standby Mode and a voice alert “TAS System Test Failed” is heard.
AFCS
Displaying traffic on the Traffic Map Page:
1) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the Map Page Group.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the Traffic Map Page.
3) Select the NORMAL Softkey to begin displaying traffic. OPERATING is displayed in the Traffic mode field.
4) Select the ALT MODE Softkey to change the altitude volume.
APPENDICES
5) Select the STANDBY Softkey to place the system in the Standby mode. STANDBY is displayed in the Traffic
mode field.
6) Turn the RANGE Knob clockwise to display a larger area or counter-clockwise to display a smaller area.
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Hazard Avoidance
Operating
Mode
Altitude
Mode
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Traffic Display
Range
Traffic Advisory,
Aircraft is
400’ Below,
Climbing
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EICAS
“Non-Bearing”
Traffic (Bearing
Undetermined),
Distance 8.0 nm,
1100’ Above,
Descending
Proximity
Traffic, 1000’
Above,
Descending
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Off Scale
Traffic
Figure 6-77 Traffic Map Page
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
The Traffic Map Page shows surrounding TAS traffic data in relation to the aircraft’s current position and
altitude, without basemap clutter. Aircraft orientation is always heading up unless there is no valid heading.
Map range is adjustable with the RANGE Knob from 2 to 40 nm, as indicated by the map range rings.
The traffic mode and altitude display mode are annunciated in the upper left corner.
Displaying TRAFFIC Data
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
Traffic information can be displayed on the following maps when the KTA 870 unit is operating:
• PFD Inset Map
• Trip Planning Page
• Navigation Map Page
• Nearest Pages
• Traffic Map Page
• Active Flight Plan Page
Displaying traffic information (maps other than the Traffic Map Page):
APPENDICES
1) Select the MAP Softkey.
2) Select the TRAFFIC Softkey. Traffic is now displayed on the map.
INDEX
When traffic is selected on maps other than the Traffic Map Page, a traffic icon is shown to indicate TAS is
enabled for display.
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Hazard Avoidance
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Displaying traffic on the Navigation Map
1) Ensure that the TAS system is operating. With the Navigation Map displayed, select the MAP Softkey.
2) Select the TRAFFIC Softkey. Traffic is now displayed on the map as shown in the figure.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Traffic
Advisory
EICAS
Proximity
Traffic
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Non-Threat
Traffic
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
TA Off Scale
Banner
Non-Bearing
Traffic Advisories
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure 6-78 TAS Traffic on Navigation Map
Displaying traffic information (PFD Inset Map):
AFCS
1) Select the INSET Softkey.
2) Select the TRAFFIC Softkey to display traffic data on the inset map (TRFC-1).
3) Select the softkey again to display the traffic-only inset (TRFC-2).
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
4) Select the softkey again to remove traffic data.
Altitude Display
APPENDICES
The Pilot can select the volume of airspace in which traffic is displayed. Traffic Advisories (TAs) outside of
these limits will still be shown. Refer to the KTA 870 Pilot’s Guide for specific display thresholds.
Changing the altitude display mode:
1) On the Traffic Page, select the ALT MODE Softkey.
2) Select one of the following Softkeys:
BELOW
•
NORMAL
•
ABOVE
•
UNREST (unrestricted)
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
INDEX
190-00494-02 Rev. B
•
357
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Hazard Avoidance
3) To return to the Traffic Page, select the BACK Softkey.
Or:
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
1) Press the MENU Key.
EICAS
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to select one of the following:
•
BELOW
•
NORMAL
•
ABOVE
•
UNREST (unrestricted)
3) Select the ENT Softkey.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Traffic Map Page Display Range
The display range on the Traffic Map Page can be changed at any time. Map range is adjustable with the
RANGE Knob from 2 to 40 nm, as indicated by the map range rings.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Changing the display range on the Traffic Page:
1) Turn the RANGE Knob.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
2) The following range options are available:
•
2 nm
•
2 and 6 nm
•
6 and 12 nm
•
12 and 24 nm
•
24 and 40 nm
AFCS
Customizing the traffic display on the Navigation Map Page:
1) Select the Navigation Map Page.
2) Press the MENU Key.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
3) With Map Setup highlighted, press the ENT Key (Figure 6-79).
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the Traffic Group and press the ENT Key (Figure 6-80).
5) Turn the large FMS Knob or press the ENT Key to scroll through the selections (Figure 6-81).
APPENDICES
• TRAFFIC – Turns the display of traffic data on or off
INDEX
• TRAFFIC MODE – Selects the traffic mode for display; select from:
- All Traffic - Displays all traffic
- TA/PA - Displays Traffic Alerts and Proximity Advisories
- TA ONLY - Displays Traffic Alerts only
• TRAFFIC SMBL – Selects the maximum range at which traffic symbols are shown
• TRAFFIC LBL – Selects the maximum range at which traffic labels are shown with the option to turn off
6) Turn the small FMS Knob to scroll through options (ON/OFF, range settings, etc.).
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Hazard Avoidance
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
7) Press the ENT Key to select an option.
8) Press the FMS Knob or CLR Key to return to the Navigation Map Page.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
EICAS
Figure 6-79 Navigation Map Page Menu
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Figure 6-81 Navigation Map Page Setup Menu, Traffic Group
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure 6-80 Navigation Map Page Setup Menu
The Navigation Map Page Setup Menu also controls the display of traffic. The setup menu controls the map
range settings. Traffic data symbols and labels can be decluttered from the display. If a map range larger than
the map range setting is selected, the data is removed from the map. Maps besides the Traffic Map Page use
settings based on those selected for the Navigation Map Page.
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Hazard Avoidance
TAS Alerts
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
NOTE: Refer to the KTA 870 documentation for information on alerts generated by the TAS equipment.
When the number of TAs on the Traffic Map Page increases from one scan to the next, the following occur:
• A “Traffic, Traffic” voice alert is generated when the first TA is displayed.
• A TRAFFIC Annunciation appears at the top right of the airspeed on the PFD, flashing for 5 seconds and
remaining displayed until no TAs are detected in the area.
EICAS
• The PFD Inset Map is automatically displayed with TA traffic.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
• A single “Traffic” voice alert is generated when the number of TAs increases.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Inset Map
Displays When
TA is Detected
Figure 6-82 Traffic Annunciation (PFD)
AFCS
System Status
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
The traffic mode is annunciated in the upper left corner of the Traffic Map Page.
Mode
Traffic Mode Annunciation
(Traffic Map Page)
TAS Self-test Initiated
TEST
(also shown in white in center of page)
INDEX
APPENDICES
TAS Operating
Traffic Display Enabled Icon
(Other Maps)
OPERATING
TAS Standby
STANDBY
(also shown in white in center of page)
TAS Failed*
FAIL
* See Table 6-16 for additional failure annunciations
Table 6-15 TAS Modes
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Hazard Avoidance
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
If the unit fails, an annunciation as to the cause of the failure is shown in the center of the Traffic Map Page.
DATA FAILED
FAILED
Description
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Traffic Map Page
Annunciation
NO DATA
Data is not being received from the TAS unit
Data is being received from the TAS unit, but the
unit is self-reporting a failure
Incorrect data format received from the TAS unit
EICAS
Table 6-16 TAS Failure Annunciations
The annunciations to indicate the status of traffic information appear in a banner at the lower left corner of
maps on which traffic can be displayed.
TA OFF SCALE
NO TRFC DATA
A Traffic Advisory is outside the selected display range*
Annunciation is removed when traffic comes within the
selected display range
System cannot determine bearing of Traffic Advisory**
Annunciation indicates distance in nm, altitude
separation in hundreds of feet, and altitude trend
arrow (climbing/descending)
TAS unit has failed (unit is self-reporting a failure or
sending incorrectly formatted data)
Data is not being received from the TAS unit
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
TRFC FAIL
Description
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
TA X.X ± XX ↕
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Traffic Status Banner
Annunciation
*Shown as symbol on Traffic Map Page
**Shown in center of Traffic Map Page
AFCS
Table 6-17 TAS Traffic Status Annunciations
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
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361
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EICAS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Hazard Avoidance
Blank Page
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Automatic Flight Control System
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Section 7 Automatic Flight Control System
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Note: The approved Airplane Flight Manual (AFM) always supersedes this Pilot’s Guide.
The GFC 700 is a digital Automatic Flight Control System (AFCS), fully integrated within the G1000 System
avionics architecture. The System Overview section provides a block diagram to support this system description.
GFC 700 AFCS functionality in the Cessna Citation Mustang is distributed across the following Line Replaceable
Units (LRUs):
• GSA 80 AFCS Servos (2)
• GMC 710 AFCS Control Unit
• GSA 81 AFCS Servos (2)
• GIA 63W Integrated Avionics Units (IAUs) (2)
• GSM 85A Servo Gearboxes (4)
EICAS
• GDU 1040A Primary Flight Displays (PFDs) (2)
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
The GFC 700 AFCS can be divided into these main operating functions:
• Flight Director (FD) — The Cessna Citation Mustang has two flight directors, each operating within an IAU
and referred to as pilot-side and copilot-side. Commands for the selected flight director are displayed on both
PFDs.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
The flight director provides:
– Command Bars showing pitch/roll guidance
– Vertical/lateral mode selection and processing
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
– Autopilot communication
• Autopilot (AP) — Autopilot operation occurs within the pitch, roll, and pitch trim servos. It also provides
servo monitoring and automatic flight control in response to flight director steering commands, Attitude and
Heading Reference System (AHRS) attitude and rate information, and airspeed.
AFCS
• Yaw Damper (YD) — The yaw servo is self-monitoring and provides Dutch roll damping and turn coordination
in response to yaw rate, roll angle, lateral acceleration, and airspeed.
• Manual Electric Pitch Trim (MEPT) — The pitch trim servo provides manual electric pitch trim capability
when the autopilot is not engaged.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Automatic Flight Control System
7.1 AFCS Controls
The AFCS Control Unit is positioned above the MFD, and has the following controls:
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
1
2
3
Selects/deselects Heading Select Mode
NAV Key
FD Key
Selects/deselects Navigation Mode
Activates/deactivates the flight director only
Pressing once turns on the selected flight director in the default vertical and lateral
modes. Pressing again deactivates the flight director and removes the Command
Bars. If the autopilot is engaged, the key is disabled.
Transfers between the active flight director and standby flight director
Selects/deselects Altitude Hold Mode
Selects/deselects Vertical Speed Mode
Selects/deselects Flight Level Change Mode
Adjust the Selected Course (while in VOR, LOC, or OBS Mode) in 1° increments on
the Horizontal Situation Indicator (HSI) of the corresponding PFD
Press to re-center the Course Deviation Indicator (CDI) and return course pointer
directly TO the bearing of the active waypoint/station
Toggles Airspeed Reference between IAS and Mach for Flight Level Change Mode
Adjusts the reference in Pitch Hold, Vertical Speed, and Flight Level Change modes
(see Table 7-1 for change increments in each mode)
Selects/deselects Vertical Path Tracking Mode for Vertical Navigation flight control
Controls the Selected Altitude in 100-ft increments (a finer resolution of 10 feet is
available under approach conditions)
Engages/disengages the yaw damper
Engages/disengages the autopilot
Manually selects/deselects Low Bank Mode
Selects/deselects Backcourse Mode
Adjusts the Selected Heading and bug in 1° increments on the HSI (both PFDs)
Press to synchronize the Selected Heading to the current heading on the pilot-side PFD
Selects/deselects Approach Mode
EICAS
4
HDG Key
APR Key
XFR Key
6 ALT Key
7 VS Key
8 FLC Key
17 CRS Knobs
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
5
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
9
SPD Key
11 NOSE UP/DN
Wheel
12 VNV Key
13 ALT SEL Knob
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
10
14
AFCS
15
16
18
1
2
3
4
19
18
17
16
5
6
7
13
12
8 Annunciator Light
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
19
YD Key
AP Key
BANK Key
BC Key
HDG Knob
15
14
11
10
9
Figure 7-1 GMC 710 AFCS Control Unit
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Automatic Flight Control System
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
The following AFCS controls are located separately from the AFCS Control Unit:
An AP DISC Switch is located on each control wheel.
This switch may be used to acknowledge an autopilot disconnect alert and mute the
associated aural tone.
While pressed, allows manual control of the aircraft while the autopilot is engaged and
synchronizes the flight director’s Command Bars with the current aircraft pitch (if
not in a Vertical Navigation, Glideslope, or Glidepath Mode) and roll (if in Roll Hold
Mode)
EICAS
CWS Button
(Control Wheel
Steering)
Disengages the autopilot, yaw damper, and flight director and interrupts pitch trim
operation
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
AP DISC Switch
(Autopilot
Disconnect)
A CWS Button is located on each control wheel.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
GA Switch
(Go Around)
Upon release of the CWS Button, the flight director may establish new pitch and roll
references, depending on the current vertical and lateral modes. CWS operation
details are discussed in the respective mode sections of this manual.
Disengages the autopilot and selects flight director Takeoff (on ground) or Go Around
(in air) Mode
If an approach procedures is loaded this switch also activates the missed approach
when the selected navigation source is GPS or when the navigation source is VOR/
LOC and a valid frequency has been tuned.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
The GA Switch is located on the throttle.
Used to command manual electric pitch trim
AFCS
MEPT Switch
(Manual Electric An MEPT Switch is located on each control wheel.
Pitch Trim)
This composite switch is split into left and right sides. The left switch is the ARM
contact and the right switch controls the DN (forward) and UP (rearward) contacts.
Pushing the MEPT ARM Switch disengages the autopilot, if currently engaged, but
does not affect yaw damper operation. The MEPT ARM Switch may be used to
acknowledge an autopilot disconnect alert and mute the associated aural tone.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Manual trim commands are generated only when both sides of the switch are operated
simultaneously. If either side of the switch is active separately for more than three
seconds, MEPT function is disabled and ‘PTRM’ is displayed as the AFCS Status
Annunciation on the PFDs. The function remains disabled until both sides of the
switch are inactivated.
APPENDICES
INDEX
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365
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Automatic Flight Control System
7.2 Flight Director Operation
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The flight director function provides pitch and roll commands to the AFCS and displays them on the PFDs.
With the flight director active, the aircraft can be hand-flown to follow the path shown by the Command Bars.
Maximum commanded pitch (±20°) and roll (30°) angles, vertical acceleration, and roll rate are limited to values
established during AFCS certification. The flight director also provides commands to the autopilot.
Activating the Flight Director
EICAS
An initial press of a key listed in Table 7-1 (when the flight director is not active) activates the pilot-side flight
director in the listed modes. The flight director may be turned off and the Command Bars removed from the
displays by pressing the FD Key again. The FD Key is disabled when the autopilot is engaged.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Control Pressed
ALT Key
VS Key
VNV Key
Lateral
Roll Hold (default)
Roll Hold (default)
Roll Hold (default)
Takeoff (on ground)
Go Around (in air)
Roll Hold (default)
Roll Hold (default)
Roll Hold (default)
NAV Key
Navigation**
BC Key
Backcourse***
APR Key
Approach**
HDG Key
Heading Select
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
FD Key
AP Key
CWS Button
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
GA Switch
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Modes Selected
ROL
ROL
ROL
TO
GA
ROL
ROL
ROL
GPS
VOR
LOC
BC
GPS
VOR
LOC
HDG
Vertical
Pitch Hold (default)
PIT
Pitch Hold (default)
PIT
Pitch Hold (default)
PIT
Takeoff (on ground)
TO
Go Around (in air)
GA
Altitude Hold
ALT
Vertical Speed
VS
Vertical Path Tracking* VPTH
Pitch Hold (default)
PIT
Pitch Hold (default)
PIT
Pitch Hold (default)
PIT
Pitch Hold (default)
PIT
*Valid VNV flight plan must be entered before VNV Key press activates flight director.
**The selected navigation receiver must have a valid VOR or LOC signal or active GPS
course before NAV or APR Key press activates flight director.
APPENDICES
***The selected navigation receiver must have a valid LOC signal before BC Key press
activates flight director.
INDEX
Table 7-1 Flight Director Activation
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Automatic Flight Control System
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
AFCS Status Box
Lateral Modes
Yaw
Autopilot Damper
Status
Status
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Flight director mode annunciations are displayed on the PFDs when the flight director is active. Flight
director selection and autopilot and yaw damper statuses are shown in the center of the AFCS Status Box.
Lateral flight director modes are displayed on the left and vertical on the right. Armed modes are displayed in
white and active in green.
Vertical Modes
EICAS
Armed
Active
Flight Director Active
Indicator Arrow
Mode
Reference
Armed
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
AFCS Status Box
Selected
Altitude
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Vertical
Speed
Reference
Command
Bars
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Selected
Course
Selected
Heading
GPS is Selected
Navigation
Source
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Figure 7-2 PFD AFCS Display
APPENDICES
INDEX
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367
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Automatic Flight Control System
Flight Director Modes
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Flight director modes are normally selected independently for the pitch and roll axes. Unless otherwise
specified, all mode keys are alternate action (i.e., press on, press off). In the absence of specific mode selection,
the flight director reverts to the default pitch and/or roll modes(s). Mode keys on the AFCS controller are
accompanied by annunciator lights (Figure 7-1) which are illuminated when their respective modes are armed
or active.
EICAS
Armed modes are annunciated in white and active in green in the AFCS Status Box. Under normal operation,
when the control for the active flight director mode is pressed, the flight director reverts to the default mode(s)
for the axis(es). Automatic transition from armed to active mode is indicated by the white armed mode
annunciation moving to the green active mode field and flashing for 10 seconds.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
If the information required to compute a flight director mode becomes invalid or unavailable, the flight
director automatically reverts to the default mode for that axis. A flashing yellow mode annunciation and
annunciator light indicate loss of sensor (ADC) or navigation data (VOR, LOC, GPS, VNV, WAAS) required to
compute commands. When such a loss occurs, the system automatically begins to roll the wings level (enters
Roll Hold Mode) or maintain the pitch angle (enters Pitch Hold Mode), depending on the affected axis. The
flashing annunciation stops when the affected mode key is pressed or another mode for the axis is selected. If
after 10 seconds no action is taken, the flashing annunciation stops.
Figure 7-3 Loss of VOR Signal
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
The flight director is automatically disabled if the attitude information required to compute the default flight
director modes becomes invalid or unavailable.
Switching Flight Directors
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
The GFC 700 in the Cessna Citation Mustang has two flight directors, each operating within an IAU. Only
one flight director is active (selected) at a time. Flight directors may be switched by pressing the XFR Key.
Both PFDs display the selected flight director, indicated by an arrow pointing toward either the pilot or copilot
side, in the center of the AFCS Status Box. The annunciator light arrow for the selected flight director is also
illuminated beside the XFR Key. When the flight directors are switched, the vertical and lateral modes revert
to default.
Pilot-side Flight Director Selected
APPENDICES
Copilot-side Flight Director Selected
INDEX
Figure 7-4 Flight Director Selection Indications
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Automatic Flight Control System
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Command Bars
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Upon activation of the flight director, Command Bars are displayed in magenta on the PFDs as single cues
or cross pointers. The Aircraft Symbol (in yellow) changes to accommodate the Command Bar format; the
Command Bars do not override the Aircraft Symbol. The single-cue Command Bars (Figure 7-5) move
together vertically to indicate pitch commands and bank left or right to indicate roll commands. Command
Bars displayed as a cross pointer (Figure 7-6) move independently to indicate pitch (horizontal bar) and roll
(vertical bar) commands. Both PFDs show the same Command Bar format.
Note: The split-cue aircraft symbol and cross pointer command bars are not available when SVS is
EICAS
installed.
Command Bars
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Command Bars
Aircraft Symbol
Aircraft Symbol
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Figure 7-5 Single-cue Command Bars
Figure 7-6 Cross-pointer Command Bars
Changing Command Bar format:
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
1) Use the FMS Knob to select the AUX - System Setup Page on the MFD.
2) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘Format Active’ in the ‘Flight Director’ box.
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to highlight the desired format.
’SNGL CUE’ to display Command Bars as a single cue (Aircraft Symbol in figure 7-5).
AFCS
Or:
’X-POINTER’ to display Command Bars as a cross pointer (Aircraft Symbol in Figure 7-6).
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
If the attitude information being sent to the flight director becomes invalid or unavailable, the Command Bars
are removed from the display. The flight director Command Bars also disappear if the pitch exceeds +30˚/-20˚
or bank exceeds 65˚.
APPENDICES
INDEX
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369
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Automatic Flight Control System
7.3 Vertical Modes
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Table 7-2 lists the vertical modes with their corresponding controls and annunciations. The mode reference is
displayed next to the active mode annunciation for Altitude Hold, Vertical Speed, and Flight Level Change modes.
The NOSE UP/DN Wheel can be used to change the vertical mode reference while operating under Pitch Hold,
Vertical Speed, or Flight Level Change Mode. Increments of change and acceptable ranges of values for each of
these references using the NOSE UP/DN Wheel are also listed in the table.
EICAS
Vertical Mode
Description
Control Annunciation
Reference
Range
Reference
Change
Increment
Holds the current aircraft pitch
-20° to
attitude; may be used to climb/ (default)
PIT
+20°
descend to the Selected Altitude
Selected Altitude Capture
Captures the Selected Altitude
*
ALTS
Altitude Hold
Holds the current Altitude Reference ALT Key ALT nnnnn ft
Maintains the current aircraft vertical
-5000 to
Vertical Speed
speed; may be used to climb/descend VS Key VS nnnn fpm
+5000 fpm
to the Selected Altitude
80 to
Flight Level Change, IAS Hold Maintains the current aircraft
FLC nnn kt
250 kt
airspeed (in IAS or Mach) while the
FLC Key
aircraft is climbing/descending to the
M 0.40 to
Flight Level Change, Mach Hold Selected Altitude
FLC M .nnn
0.63
Captures and tracks descent legs of VNV
Vertical Path Tracking
VPTH
an active vertical profile
Key
Captures the Vertical Navigation
VNV Target Altitude Capture
**
ALTV
(VNV) Target Altitude
Captures and tracks the WAAS
Glidepath
GP
glidepath on approach
APR
Key
Captures and tracks the ILS glideslope
Glideslope
GS
on approach
Commands a constant pitch angle
Takeoff
and wings level on the ground in
TO
10°
preparation for takeoff
GA
Switch
Disengages the autopilot and
Go Around
commands a constant pitch angle
GA
8°
and wings level in the air
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Pitch Hold
0.5°
100 fpm
1 kt
M 0.01
* ALTS armed automatically when PIT, VS, FLC, TO, or GA active, and under VPTH when Selected Altitude is to be captured
instead of VNV Target Altitude
** ALTV armed automatically under VPTH when VNV Target Altitude is to be captured instead of Selected Altitude
INDEX
Table 7-2 Flight Director Vertical Modes
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Automatic Flight Control System
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Pitch Hold Mode (PIT)
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
When the flight director is activated (the FD Key is pressed) or switched (the XFR Key is pressed), Pitch Hold
Mode is selected by default. Pitch Hold Mode is indicated as the active vertical mode by the ‘PIT’ annunciation.
This mode may be used for climb or descent to the Selected Altitude (shown above the Altimeter), since
Selected Altitude Capture Mode is automatically armed when Pitch Hold Mode is activated.
EICAS
In Pitch Hold Mode, the flight director maintains a constant pitch attitude, the pitch reference. The pitch
reference is set to the aircraft pitch attitude at the moment of mode selection. If the aircraft pitch attitude
exceeds the flight director pitch command limitations, the flight director commands a pitch angle equal to the
nose-up/down limit.
Changing the Pitch Reference
When operating in Pitch Hold Mode, the pitch reference can be adjusted by:
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
• Using the NOSE UP/DN Wheel
• Pressing the CWS Button, hand-flying the aircraft to establish a new pitch reference, then releasing the
CWS Button
Selected Altitude
Capture Mode Armed
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Pitch Hold
Mode Active
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Selected
Altitude
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Command Bars Maintain
Desired Pitch Reference
APPENDICES
Figure 7-7 Pitch Hold Mode
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371
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Automatic Flight Control System
Selected Altitude Capture Mode (ALTS)
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Selected Altitude Capture Mode is automatically armed with activation of the following modes:
• Pitch Hold
• Go Around
• Vertical Speed
• Vertical Path Tracking (if the Selected Altitude is to
be captured instead of the VNV Target Altitude)
• Flight Level Change
EICAS
The white ‘ALTS’ annunciation indicates Selected Altitude Capture Mode is armed (see Figure 7-7 for example).
The ALT SEL Knob is used to set the Selected Altitude (shown above the Altimeter) until Selected Altitude
Capture Mode becomes active.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
As the aircraft nears the Selected Altitude, the flight director automatically transitions to Selected Altitude
Capture Mode with Altitude Hold Mode armed (Figure 7-8). This automatic transition is indicated by the green
‘ALTS’ annunciation flashing for up to 10 seconds and the appearance of the white ‘ALT’ annunciation. The
Selected Altitude is shown as the Altitude Reference beside the ‘ALTS’ annunciation.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
At 50 feet from the Selected Altitude, the flight director automatically transitions from Selected Altitude
Capture to Altitude Hold Mode and holds the Selected Altitude (shown as the Altitude Reference). As Altitude
Hold Mode becomes active, the white ‘ALT’ annunciation moves to the active vertical mode field and flashes
green for 10 seconds to indicate the automatic transition.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Altitude Reference
(in this case, equal to
Selected Altitude)
Flash up to 10 sec, Indicating Automatic Transition
AFCS
Figure 7-8 Automatic Mode Transitions During Altitude Capture
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Changing the Selected Altitude
NOTE: Pressing the CWS Button while in Selected Altitude Capture Mode does not cancel the mode.
INDEX
APPENDICES
Use of the ALT SEL Knob to change the Selected Altitude while Selected Altitude Capture Mode is active
causes the flight director to revert to Pitch Hold Mode with Selected Altitude Capture Mode armed for the
new Selected Altitude.
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Automatic Flight Control System
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Altitude Hold Mode (ALT)
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Altitude Hold Mode can be activated by pressing the ALT Key; the flight director maintains the current aircraft
altitude (to the nearest 10 feet) as the Altitude Reference. The flight director’s Altitude Reference, shown in the
AFCS Status Box, is independent of the Selected Altitude, displayed above the Altimeter. Altitude Hold Mode
active is indicated by a green ‘ALT’ annunciation in the AFCS Status Box.
Altitude Hold Mode is automatically armed when the flight director is in Selected Altitude Capture Mode (see
Figure 7-7). Selected Altitude Capture Mode automatically transitions to Altitude Hold Mode when the altitude
error is less than 50 feet. In this case, the Selected Altitude becomes the flight director’s Altitude Reference.
EICAS
Changing the Altitude Reference
NOTE: Turning the ALT SEL Knob while in Altitude Hold Mode changes the Selected Altitude, but not the
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
flight director’s Altitude Reference, and does not cancel the mode.
With the CWS Button depressed, the aircraft can be hand-flown to a new Altitude Reference. When the
CWS Button is released at the desired altitude, the new altitude is established as the Altitude Reference.
Altitude
Reference
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Altitude Hold
Mode Active
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Selected
Altitude
AFCS
Selected
Altitude
Bug
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Command Bars Hold Pitch Attitude
to Maintain Altitude Reference
Figure 7-9 Altitude Hold Mode
APPENDICES
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Automatic Flight Control System
Vertical Speed Mode (VS)
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
In Vertical Speed Mode, the flight director acquires and maintains a Vertical Speed Reference. Current aircraft
vertical speed (to the nearest 100 fpm) becomes the Vertical Speed Reference at the moment of Vertical Speed
Mode activation. This mode may be used for climb or descent to the Selected Altitude (shown above the
Altimeter) since Selected Altitude Capture Mode is automatically armed when Vertical Speed Mode is selected.
EICAS
When Vertical Speed Mode is activated by pressing the VS Key, ‘VS’ is annunciated in green in the AFCS Status
Box along with the Vertical Speed Reference. The Vertical Speed Reference is also displayed above the Vertical
Speed Indicator. A Vertical Speed Reference Bug corresponding to the Vertical Speed Reference is shown on
the indicator.
Changing the Vertical Speed Reference
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
The Vertical Speed Reference (shown both in the AFCS Status Box and above the Vertical Speed Indicator)
may be changed by:
• Using the NOSE UP/DN Wheel
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
• Pressing the CWS Button, hand-flying the aircraft to attain a new Vertical Speed Reference, then releasing
the CWS Button
NOTE: If the Selected Altitude is reached during CWS maneuvering, the Altitude Reference is not changed.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
To adjust the altitude Reference in this case, the CWS Button must be pressed again after the Selected
altitude is reached.
AFCS
Vertical Speed
Mode Active
Vertical
Speed
Reference
Selected
Altitude Capture
Mode Armed
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Selected
Altitude
Vertical
Speed
Reference
APPENDICES
Vertical
Speed
Reference
Bug
Command Bars Indicate Climb to
Attain Vertical Speed Reference
INDEX
Figure 7-10 Vertical Speed Hold Mode
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Automatic Flight Control System
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Flight Level Change Mode (FLC)
NOTE: The Selected Altitude should be set before selecting Flight Level Change Mode.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Flight Level Change Mode is selected by pressing the FLC Key. This mode acquires and maintains the
Airspeed Reference (in IAS or Mach) while climbing or descending to the Selected Altitude (shown above
the Altimeter). When Flight Level Change Mode is active, the flight director continuously monitors Selected
Altitude, airspeed, Mach, and altitude.
EICAS
The Airspeed Reference is set to the current airspeed upon mode activation. Flight Level Change Mode is
indicated by a green ‘FLC’ annunciation beside the Airspeed Reference in the AFCS Status Box. The Airspeed
Reference is also displayed directly above the Airspeed Indicator, along with a bug corresponding to the Airspeed
Reference along the tape.
Airspeed
Reference
Selected
Altitude Capture
Mode Armed
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Airspeed
Reference
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Flight Level
Change Mode
Active
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Engine power must be adjusted to allow the autopilot to fly the aircraft at a pitch attitude corresponding
to the desired flight profile (climb or descent) while maintaining the Airspeed Reference. The flight director
maintains the current altitude until either engine power or the Airspeed Reference are adjusted and does not
allow the aircraft to climb or descend away from the Selected Altitude.
Selected
Altitude
AFCS
Airspeed
Reference
Bug
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Command Bars Indicate Climb
to Attain Selected Altitude
APPENDICES
Figure 7-11 Flight Level Change Mode (IAS)
INDEX
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375
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Changing the Airspeed Reference
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Automatic Flight Control System
• Using the NOSE UP/DN Wheel
The Airspeed Reference (shown in both the AFCS Status Box and above the Airspeed Indicator) may be
adjusted by:
• Pressing the CWS Button, hand-flying the aircraft to attain a new Airspeed Reference, then releasing the
CWS Button
NOTE: If the Selected Altitude is reached during CWS maneuvering, the Altitude Reference is not changed.
EICAS
To adjust the altitude Reference in this case, the CWS Button must be pressed again after the Selected
altitude is reached.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
During climb, the Airspeed Reference units automatically change from IAS to Mach when either the altitude
or the airspeed listed in Table 7-3 are attained. For descent, the units switch back at the specified altitude
or airspeed. The system determines aircraft climb or descent by the relationship between the current and
Selected altitudes.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Airspeed Reference Units
Default Units Change To:
Climb
IAS
Mach
Descent
Mach
IAS
Unit Type Changes At:
Altitude
Airspeed
> 31,500 ft > M 0.48
< 27,000 ft < 249 kt
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Table 7-3 FLC Mode Unit Changes
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Automatic Flight Control System
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Airspeed Reference units can be manually toggled between IAS and Mach units using the SPD Key. When
the FLC Airspeed Reference is displayed in Mach, the Airspeed Reference Bug is displayed on the Airspeed
Indicator at the IAS corresponding to the selected Mach target speed and the current Mach number is shown
below the Airspeed Indicator.
Airspeed
Reference
(Mach)
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Flight Level
Change Mode
Active
Selected
Altitude Capture
Mode Armed
EICAS
Airspeed
Reference
Selected
Altitude
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Command Bars Indicate Climb to
Attain Selected Altitude
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Current
Mach
Number
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Airspeed
Reference
Bug
Figure 7-12 Flight Level Change Mode (Mach)
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
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377
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Automatic Flight Control System
Vertical Navigation Modes (VPTH, ALTV)
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Note: VNV is disabled when parallel track or Dead Reckoning Mode is active.
Note: The Selected Altitude takes precedence over any other vertical constraints.
EICAS
Vertical Navigation (VNV) flight control is available for enroute/terminal cruise and descent operations any
time that VNV flight planning is available. Refer to the Flight Management Section for more information on
VNV flight plans. Conditions for availability include, but are not limited to:
• The selected navigation source is GPS.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
• VNV is enabled (VNV ENBL Softkey pressed on the MFD).
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
• A VNV flight plan (with at least one altitude-constrained waypoint) or direct-to (with vertical constraint) is
active.
• The VNV Target Altitude of the active waypoint is no more than 250 ft above the current aircraft altitude.
• Crosstrack error is valid and within certain limits.
• Desired/actual track are valid or track angle error is within certain limits.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
The flight director may be armed for VNV at any time, but no target altitudes are captured during a climb.
The Command Bars provide vertical profile guidance based on specified altitudes (entered manually or loaded
from the database) at waypoints in the active flight plan or direct-to (with vertical constraint). The appropriate
VNV flight control modes are sequenced by the flight director to follow the path defined by the vertical profile.
Upon reaching the last waypoint in the VNV flight plan, the flight director transitions to Altitude Hold Mode
and cancels any armed VNV modes.
Vertical Path Tracking Mode (VPTH)
AFCS
Note: If another vertical mode key is pressed while Vertical Path Tracking Mode is selected, Vertical Path
Tracking Mode reverts to armed.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
NOTE: Pressing the CWS Button while Vertical Path Tracking Mode is active does not cancel the mode. The
autopilot guides the aircraft back to the descent path upon release of the CWS Button.
INDEX
APPENDICES
When a vertical profile (VNV flight plan) is active and the VNV Key is pressed, Vertical Path Tracking
Mode is armed in preparation for descent path capture. ‘VPTH’ (or ‘/V’ when Glidepath or Glideslope Mode
is concurrently armed) is annunciated in white in addition to previously armed modes. If applicable, the
appropriate altitude capture mode is armed for capture of the next VNV Target Altitude (ALTV) or the Selected
Altitude (ALTS), whichever is greater.
Figure 7-13 Vertical Path Tracking Armed Annunciations
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Prior to descent path interception, the Selected Altitude must be set below the current aircraft altitude
by at least 75 feet. For the flight director to transition from Altitude Hold to Vertical Path Tracking Mode,
acknowledgment is required within five minutes of descent path interception by:
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
• Pressing the VNV Key
• Adjusting the Selected Altitude
EICAS
If acknowledgment is not received within one minute of descent path interception, the white ‘VPTH’
annunciation starts to flash. Flashing continues until acknowledged or the descent path is intercepted. If
the descent is not confirmed by the time of interception, Vertical Path Tracking Mode remains armed and the
descent is not captured.
In conjunction with the “TOD [top of descent] within 1 minute” annunciation in the PFD Navigation Status
Box and the “Vertical track” voice message, VNV indications (VNV Target Altitude, vertical deviation, and
vertical speed required) appear on the PFDs in magenta (Figure 7-14).
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Altitude Hold
Mode Active
Vertical Path Tracking
Armed, (Flashing Indicates
Acknowledgment Required)
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Selected
Altitude Below
VNV Target
VNV Target
Altitude
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Vertical
Deviation
Indicator
Enroute Phase
of Flight
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
GPS is Selected
Navigation
Source
AFCS
Required
Vertical
Speed Bug
Figure 7-14 Vertical Path Capture
APPENDICES
INDEX
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379
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Automatic Flight Control System
When a descent leg is captured (i.e., vertical deviation becomes valid), Vertical Path Tracking becomes
active and tracks the descent profile (Figure 7-15). An altitude capture mode (‘ALTS’ or ‘ALTV’) is armed as
appropriate.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Vertical Path
Tracking Active
VNV Target Altitude
Capture Armed
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EICAS
VNV Target
Altitude
GPS is Selected
Navigation
Source
Terminal
Phase of
Flight
Required
Vertical
Speed
Indication
(RVSI)
Command Bars Indicate Descent to
Maintain Required Vertical Speed
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Vertical Deviation
Indicator (VDI)
Figure 7-15 Vertical Path Tracking Mode
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
If the altimeter barometric setting is adjusted while Vertical Path Tracking is active, the flight director
increases/decreases the descent rate by up to 500 fpm to re-establish the aircraft on the descent path (without
commanding a climb). Adjusting the altimeter barometric setting creates discontinuities in VNV vertical
deviation, moving the descent path. For large adjustments, it may take several minutes for the aircraft to reestablish on the descent path. If the change is made while nearing a waypoint with a VNV Target Altitude,
the aircraft may not re-establish on the descent path in time to meet the vertical constraint.
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Automatic Flight Control System
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Automatic Reversion to Pitch Hold Mode
Several situations can occur while Vertical Path Tracking Mode is active which cause the flight director to
revert to Pitch Hold Mode:
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
• Vertical deviation exceeds 200 feet during an overspeed condition.
• Vertical deviation experiences a discontinuity that both exceeds 200 feet in magnitude and results in the
vertical deviation exceeding 200 feet in magnitude. Such discontinuities are usually caused by flight plan
changes that affect the vertical profile.
• Vertical deviation becomes invalid (the Vertical Deviation Indicator is removed from the PFD).
EICAS
• A display enters Reversionary Mode (this does not apply to an active direct-to with vertical constraint).
Unless VNV is disabled, Vertical Path Tracking Mode and the appropriate altitude capture mode become
armed following the reversion to Pitch Hold Mode to allow for possible profile recapture.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Non-Path Descents
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Pitch Hold, Vertical Speed, and Flight Level Change modes can also be used to fly non-path descents
while VNV flight control is selected. If the VS or FLC Key is pressed while Vertical Path Tracking Mode is
selected, Vertical Path Tracking Mode reverts to armed along with the appropriate altitude capture mode to
allow profile re-capture.
Figure 7-16 Flight Level Change VNV Non-Path Descent
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
To prevent immediate profile re-capture, the following must be satisfied:
• At least 10 seconds have passed since the non-path transition was initiated
• Vertical deviation from the profile has exceeded 250 feet, but is now less than 200 feet
AFCS
Pressing the VNV Key twice re-arms Vertical Path Tracking for immediate profile re-capture.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
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381
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Automatic Flight Control System
VNV Target Altitude Capture Mode (ALTV)
Note: Armed VNV Target Altitude and Selected Altitude capture modes are mutually exclusive. However,
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Selected Altitude Capture Mode is armed implicitly (not annunciated) whenever VNV Target Altitude Capture
Mode is armed.
EICAS
VNV Target Altitude Capture is analogous to Selected Altitude Capture Mode and is armed automatically
after the VNV Key is pressed and the next VNV Target Altitude is to be intercepted before the Selected Altitude.
The annunciation ‘ALTV’ indicates that the VNV Target Altitude is to be captured. VNV Target Altitudes are
shown in the active flight plan or direct-to (with vertical constraint), and can be entered manually or loaded
from a database (see the Flight Management Section for details). At the same time as “TOD within 1 minute”
is annunciated in the Navigation Status Box, the active VNV Target Altitude is displayed above the Vertical
Speed Indicator (see Figure 7-14).
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
As the aircraft nears the VNV Target Altitude, the flight director automatically transitions to VNV Target
Altitude Capture Mode with Altitude Hold Mode armed. This automatic transition is indicated by the green
‘ALTV’ annunciation flashing for up to 10 seconds and the appearance of the white ‘ALT’ annunciation. The
VNV Target Altitude is shown as the Altitude Reference beside the ‘ALTV’ annunciation and remains displayed
above the Vertical Speed Indicator. The Required Vertical Speed Indication (RVSI) is removed once VNV
Target Altitude Capture Mode becomes active.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
At 50 feet from the VNV Target Altitude, the flight director automatically transitions from VNV Target
Altitude Capture to Altitude Hold Mode and tracks the level leg. As Altitude Hold Mode becomes active, the
white ‘ALT’ annunciation moves to the active vertical mode field and flashes green for 10 seconds to indicate
the automatic transition. The flight director automatically arms Vertical Path Tracking, allowing upcoming
descent legs to be captured and subsequently tracked.
AFCS
Altitude Reference (In
This Case, Equal To
VNV Altitude Target)
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Flash up to 10 sec, Indicating Automatic Transition
Figure 7-17 Automatic Mode Transitions During Altitude Capture
APPENDICES
Changing the VNV Target Altitude
NOTE: Pressing the CWS Button while in VNV Target Altitude Capture Mode does not cancel the mode.
INDEX
Changing the current VNV Target Altitude while VNV Target Altitude Capture Mode is active causes the
flight director to revert to Pitch Hold Mode. Vertical Path Tracking and the appropriate altitude capture
mode are armed in preparation to capture the new VNV Target Altitude or the Selected Altitude, depending
on which altitude is to be intercepted first.
VNV target altitudes can be changed while editing the active flight plan (see the Flight Management
Section for details).
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Automatic Flight Control System
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Glidepath Mode (GP)
NOTE: Pressing the CWS Button while Glidepath Mode is active does not cancel the mode. The autopilot
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
guides the aircraft back to the glidepath upon release of the CWS Button.
Glidepath Mode is used to track the WAAS-based glidepath. When Glidepath Mode is armed, ‘GP’ is
annunciated in white in the AFCS Status Box.
Selecting Glidepath Mode:
EICAS
1) Ensure a GPS approach with vertical guidance (LPV, LNAV/VNAV, LNAV+V) is loaded into the active flight plan.
The active waypoint must be part of the flight plan (cannot be a direct-to a waypoint not in the flight plan).
2) Ensure that GPS is the selected navigation source (use the CDI Softkey to cycle through navigation sources if
necessary).
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
3) Press the APR Key.
NOTE: Some RNAV (GPS) approaches provide a vertical descent angle as an aid in flying a stabilized
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
approach. These approaches are NOT considered Approaches with Vertical Guidance (APV). Approaches
that are annunciated on the HSI as LNAV or LNAV+V are considered Nonprecision Approaches (NPA) and
are flown to an MDA even though vertical glidepath (GP) information may be provided.
WARNING: When flying an LNAV approach (with vertical descent angle) with the autopilot coupled, the
aircraft will not level off at the MDA even if the MDA is set in the altitude preselect.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Upon reaching the glidepath, the flight director transitions to Glidepath Mode and begins to capture and
track the glidepath.
Figure 7-18 Glidepath Mode Armed
AFCS
Once the following conditions have been met, the glidepath can be captured:
• The active waypoint is at or after the final approach fix (FAF).
• Vertical deviation is valid.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
• The CDI is at less than full-scale deviation
• Automatic sequencing of waypoints has not been suspended (no ‘SUSP’ annunciation on the HSI)
APPENDICES
INDEX
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383
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Automatic Flight Control System
Glidepath
Mode Active
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EICAS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
GPS Approach
Mode Active
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
GPS is Selected LPV Approach
Navigation
Active
Source
Command Bars to Indicate
Descent on Glidepath
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure 7-19 Glidepath Mode
Glidepath
Indicator
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Automatic Flight Control System
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Glideslope Mode (GS)
NOTE: Pressing the CWS Button while Glideslope Mode is active does not cancel the mode. The autopilot
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
guides the aircraft back to the glideslope upon release of the CWS Button.
Glideslope Mode is available for LOC/ILS approaches to capture and track the glideslope. When Glideslope
Mode is armed (annunciated as ‘GS’ in white), LOC Approach Mode is armed as the lateral flight director
mode.
Selecting Glideslope Mode:
EICAS
1) Ensure a valid localizer frequency is tuned.
2) Ensure that LOC is the selected navigation source (use the CDI Softkey to cycle through navigation sources if
necessary).
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
3) Press the APR Key.
Or:
1) Ensure that GPS is the selected navigation source (use the CDI Softkey to cycle through navigation sources if
necessary).
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
2) Ensure a LOC/ILS approach is loaded into the active flight plan.
3) Ensure the corresponding LOC frequency is tuned.
4) Press the APR Key.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure 7-20 Glideslope Mode Armed
Once LOC is the navigation source, the localizer and glideslope can be captured. Upon reaching the glideslope,
the flight director transitions to Glideslope Mode and begins to capture and track the glideslope.
Approach
Mode Active
Glideslope
Mode Active
AFCS
Active ILS
Frequency
Tuned
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
Command Bars Indicate Descent
on Localizer/Glideslope Path
Figure 7-21 Glideslope Mode
190-00494-02 Rev. B
INDEX
NAV2 (localizer) is Selected
Navigation Source
Glideslope
Indicator
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
385
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Automatic Flight Control System
Takeoff (TO) and Go Around (GA) Modes
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Go Around and Takeoff modes are coupled pitch and roll modes and are annunciated as both the vertical and
lateral modes when active. In these modes, the flight director commands a constant set pitch attitude and keeps
the wings level. The GA Switch is used to select both modes. The mode entered by the flight director depends
on whether the aircraft is on the ground.
Takeoff Mode provides an attitude reference during rotation and takeoff. This mode can be selected only
while on the ground by pushing the GA Switch. The flight director Command Bars assume a wings-level,
pitch-up attitude.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EICAS
Pressing the GA Switch while in the air activates the flight director in a wings-level, pitch-up attitude,
allowing the execution of a missed approach or a go around. Go Around Mode disengages the autopilot and
arms Selected Altitude Capture Mode automatically. Subsequent autopilot engagement is allowed. Attempts
to modify the aircraft attitude (i.e., with the NOSE UP/DN Wheel or CWS Button) result in reversion to Pitch
and Roll Hold modes.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Go Around Mode Active
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Autopilot Disconnect Annunciation
Flashes Yellow 5 sec
AFCS
Command Bars Indicate Climb
Figure 7-22 Go Around Mode
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Takeoff Mode Active
Command Bars Indicate Climb for Takeoff
Figure 7-23 Takeoff Mode
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Automatic Flight Control System
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
7.4 Lateral Modes
Lateral Mode
Description
Control Annunciation
Roll Hold
Low Bank
Navigation, GPS**
Navigation, LOC Capture/Track
(No Glideslope)
Backcourse Arm/Capture/Track
Captures and tracks the selected
navigation source (GPS, VOR,
LOC)
NAV
Key
18°
HDG
30°
GPS
30°
25° Capture
10° Track
25° Capture
10° Track
VOR
BC
LOC
TO
Wings Level
GA
Wings Level
GA
Switch
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Commands a constant pitch
angle and wings level on the
ground in preparation for
takeoff
Disengages the autopilot and
commands a constant pitch
angle and wings level in the air
VAPP
30°
25° Capture
10° Track
25° Capture
10° Track
AFCS
Approach, LOC Capture/Track
(Glideslope Mode automatically armed)
Captures and tracks the selected
navigation source (GPS, VOR, APR Key
LOC)
25° Capture
10° Track
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Captures and tracks a
localizer signal for backcourse BC Key
approaches
GPS
Approach, VOR Capture/Track
Go Around
*
LOC
Approach, GPS
Takeoff
30°
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Navigation, VOR Enroute Capture/Track**
ROL
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Heading Select**
Maximum Roll
Command Limit
EICAS
Holds the current aircraft roll
attitude or rolls the wings level,
(default)
depending on the commanded
bank angle
Limits the maximum commanded BANK
roll angle
Key
Captures and tracks the Selected HDG
Heading
Key
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The following table relates each GFC 700 lateral mode to its respective control and annunciation. Refer to the
vertical modes section for information regarding Go Around and Takeoff modes.
APPENDICES
* No annunciation appears in the AFCS Status Box. The acceptable bank angle range is indicated in green along the Roll
Scale of the Attitude Indicator.
** The Heading, Navigation GPS and Navigation VOR mode maximum roll command limit will be limited to the Low Bank
mode value if it is engaged.
The GFC 700 limits turn rate to 3 degrees per second (standard rate turn).
Table 7-4 Flight Director Lateral Modes
INDEX
The CWS Button does not change lateral references for Heading Select, Navigation, Backcourse, or Approach
Mode. The autopilot guides the aircraft back to the Selected Heading/Course upon release of the CWS Button.
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OVERVIEW
Automatic Flight Control System
Roll Hold Mode (ROL)
Note: If Roll Hold Mode is activated as a result of a mode reversion, the flight director rolls the wings
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
level.
EICAS
When the flight director is activated or switched, Roll Hold Mode is selected by default. This mode is
annunciated as ‘ROL’ in the AFCS Status Box. The current aircraft bank angle is held, subject to the bank angle
condition.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Figure 7-24 Roll Hold Mode Annunciation
Bank Angle
< 6°
6 to 30°
> 30°
Flight Director Response
Rolls wings level
Maintains current aircraft roll attitude
Limits bank to 30°
Table 7-5 Roll Hold Mode Responses
Changing the Roll Reference
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
The roll reference can be changed by pressing the CWS Button, establishing the desired bank angle, then
releasing the CWS Button.
Low Bank Mode
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
When in Low Bank Mode, the flight director limits the maximum commanded roll angle to 18°. Low bank
arc limits are displayed in green along the Roll Scale.
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
Low Bank Mode can be manually selected/deselected by pressing the BANK Key while in Heading Select or
Navigation Modes (GPS and VOR). Low Bank Mode is activated automatically above 29,850 feet. The flight
director deactivates Low Bank Mode when descending through 29,650 feet. The annunciator light next to the
BANK Key illuminates while Low Bank Mode is selected.
INDEX
Figure 7-25 Low Bank Mode Limits
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Heading Select Mode (HDG)
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Heading Select Mode is activated by pressing the HDG Key. Heading Select Mode acquires and maintains
the Selected Heading. The Selected Heading is shown by a light blue bug on the HSI and in the box to the
upper left of the HSI.
Changing the Selected Heading
Note: Pressing the HDG Knob synchronizes the Selected Heading to the current heading.
EICAS
The Selected Heading is adjusted using the HDG Knob on either PFD. Pressing the CWS Button and
hand-flying the aircraft does not change the Selected Heading. The autopilot guides the aircraft back to the
Selected Heading upon release of the CWS Button.
Heading Select
Mode Active
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Turns are commanded in the same direction as Selected Heading Bug movement, even if the bug is turned
more than 180° from the present heading (e.g., a 270° turn to the right). However, Selected Heading
changes of more than 330° at a time result in turn reversals.
Pitch Hold
Mode Active
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
AFCS
Selected
Heading
Bug
Command Bars Track
Selected Heading
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Selected
Heading
Figure 7-26 Heading Select Mode
APPENDICES
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Automatic Flight Control System
Navigation Modes (GPS, VOR, LOC)
NOTE: The selected navigation receiver must have a valid VOR or LOC signal or active GPS course for the
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
flight director to enter Navigation Mode.
EICAS
Pressing the NAV Key selects Navigation Mode. Navigation Mode acquires and tracks the selected navigation
source (GPS, VOR, LOC). The flight director follows GPS roll steering commands when GPS is the selected
navigation source. When the navigation source is VOR or LOC, the flight director creates roll steering commands
from the Selected Course and deviation. Navigation Mode can also be used to fly non-precision GPS and LOC
approaches where vertical guidance is not required.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
If the Course Deviation Indicator (CDI) shows greater than one dot when the NAV Key is pressed, the selected
mode is armed. If the CDI shows less than one dot, Navigation Mode is automatically captured when the NAV
Key is pressed. The armed annunciation appears in white to the left of the active lateral mode.
Figure 7-27 GPS Navigation Mode Armed
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
When the CDI has automatically switched from GPS to LOC during a LOC/ILS approach, GPS Navigation
Mode remains active, providing GPS steering guidance until the localizer signal is captured. LOC Navigation
Mode is armed automatically when the navigation source switch takes place if the APR Key is not pressed prior
to the automatic source switch.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
If Navigation Mode is active and either of the following occur, the flight director reverts to Roll Hold Mode
(wings rolled level):
• Different VOR tuned while in VOR Navigation Mode (VOR Navigation Mode reverts to armed)
• Navigation source manually switched (with the CDI Softkey)
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
• During a LOC/ILS approach, the FAF is crossed while in GPS Navigation Mode after the automatic navigation
source switch from GPS to LOC
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Changing the Selected Course
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
If the navigation source is VOR or localizer or OBS Mode has been enabled when using GPS, the Selected
Course is controlled using the CRS Knob corresponding to the selected flight director (CRS1 for the pilot
side, CRS2 for the copilot side).
Pressing the CWS Button and hand-flying the aircraft does not change the Selected Course while in
Navigation Mode. The autopilot guides the aircraft back to the Selected Course (or GPS flight plan) when the
CWS Button is released.
Pitch Hold
Mode Active
EICAS
GPS Navigation
Mode Active
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Selected
Course
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
GPS is Selected
Navigation
Source
Command Bars Indicate Left
Turn to Track GPS Course
AFCS
Figure 7-28 Navigation Mode
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Automatic Flight Control System
Approach Modes (GPS, VAPP, LOC)
NOTE: The selected navigation receiver must have a valid VOR or LOC signal or active GPS course for the
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
flight director to enter Approach Mode.
EICAS
Approach Mode is activated when the APR Key is pressed. Approach Mode acquires and tracks the selected
navigation source (GPS, VOR, or LOC), depending on loaded approach. This mode uses the selected navigation
receiver deviation and desired course inputs to fly the approach. Pressing the APR Key when the CDI is greater
than one dot arms the selected approach mode (annunciated in white to the left of the active lateral mode). If
the CDI is less than one dot, the LOC is automatically captured when the APR Key is pressed.
VOR Approach Mode (VAPP) provides greater sensitivity for signal tracking than VOR Navigation Mode.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Selecting VOR Approach Mode:
1) Ensure a valid VOR frequency is tuned
2) Ensure that VOR is the selected navigation source (use the CDI Softkey to cycle through navigation sources if
necessary).
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
3) Press the APR Key.
When GPS Approach Mode is armed, Glidepath Mode is also armed.
Selecting GPS Approach Mode:
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
1) Ensure a GPS approach is loaded into the active flight plan. The active waypoint must be part of the flight plan
(cannot be a direct-to a waypoint not in the flight plan).
2) Ensure that GPS is the selected navigation source (use the CDI Softkey to cycle through navigation sources if
necessary).
AFCS
3) Press the APR Key.
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Figure 7-29 GPS Approach Mode Armed
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
LOC Approach Mode allows the autopilot to fly a LOC/ILS approach with a glideslope. When LOC Approach
Mode is armed, Glideslope Mode is also armed automatically. LOC captures are inhibited if the difference
between aircraft heading and localizer course exceeds 105°.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Selecting LOC Approach Mode:
1) Ensure a valid localizer frequency is tuned.
2) Ensure that LOC is the selected navigation source (use the CDI Softkey to cycle through navigation sources if
necessary).
3) Press the APR Key.
EICAS
Or:
1) Ensure that GPS is the selected navigation source (use the CDI Softkey to cycle through navigation sources if
necessary).
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
2) Ensure a LOC/ILS approach is loaded into the active flight plan.
3) Ensure the corresponding LOC frequency is tuned.
4) Press the APR Key.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
If the following occurs, the flight director reverts to Roll Hold Mode (wings rolled level):
• Approach Mode is active and a Vectors-To-Final is activated
• Approach Mode is active and Navigation source is manually switched
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
• During a LOC/ILS approach, GPS Navigation Mode is active and the FAF is crossed after the automatic
navigation source switch from GPS to LOC
Changing the Selected Course
AFCS
If the navigation source is VOR or localizer or OBS Mode has been enabled when using GPS, the Selected
Course is controlled using the CRS Knob corresponding to the selected flight director (CRS1 for the pilot
side, CRS2 for the copilot side).
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Pressing the CWS Button and hand-flying the aircraft does not change the Selected Course while in
Approach Mode. The autopilot guides the aircraft back to the Selected Course (or GPS flight plan) when the
CWS Button is released.
APPENDICES
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Backcourse Mode (BC)
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Automatic Flight Control System
Backcourse Mode captures and tracks a localizer signal in the backcourse direction. The mode may be
selected by pressing the BC Key. Backcourse Mode is armed if the CDI is greater than one dot when the mode
is selected. If the CDI is less than one dot, Backcourse Mode is automatically captured when the BC Key is
pressed. The flight director creates roll steering commands from the Selected Course and deviation when in
Backcourse Mode.
NOTE: When making a backcourse approach, set the Selected Course to the localizer front course.
Pitch Hold
Mode Active
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EICAS
Backcourse
Mode Active
LOC2 is Selected Navigation Source
Command Bars Hold Pitch Attitude
AFCS
Figure 7-30 Backcourse Mode
Changing the Selected Course
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
If the navigation source is VOR or localizer or OBS Mode has been enabled when using GPS, the Selected
Course is controlled using the CRS Knob corresponding to the selected flight director (CRS1 for the pilot
side, CRS2 for the copilot side).
INDEX
APPENDICES
Pressing the CWS Button and hand-flying the aircraft does not reset any reference data while in Backcourse
Mode. The autopilot guides the aircraft back to the Selected Course when the CWS Button is released.
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
7.5 Autopilot and Yaw Damper Operation
NOTE: Refer to the AFM for specific instructions regarding emergency procedures.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The Cessna Citation Mustang’s autopilot and yaw damper operate the flight control surface servos to provide
automatic flight control. The autopilot controls the aircraft pitch and roll attitudes following commands received
from the flight director. Pitch autotrim provides trim commands to the pitch trim servo to relieve any sustained
effort required by the pitch servo. Autopilot operation is not independent of the yaw damper for the Cessna
Citation Mustang.
EICAS
The yaw damper reduces Dutch roll tendencies and coordinates turns. It can operate independently of the
autopilot and may be used during normal hand-flight maneuvers. Yaw rate commands are limited to 6 deg/sec
by the yaw damper.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Flight Control
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Pitch and roll commands are provided to the servos based on the active flight director modes. Yaw damping
is provided by the yaw servo. Servo motor control limits the maximum servo speed and torque. The servo
gearboxes are equipped with slip-clutches set to certain values. This allows the servos to be overridden in case
of an emergency.
Pitch Axis and Trim
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
The autopilot pitch axis uses pitch rate to stabilize the aircraft pitch attitude during upsets and flight
director maneuvers. Flight director pitch commands are rate- and attitude-limited, combined with pitch
damper control, and sent to the pitch servo motor. The pitch servo measures the output effort (torque) and
provides this signal to the pitch trim servo. The pitch trim servo commands the motor to reduce the average
pitch servo effort.
AFCS
When the autopilot is not engaged, the pitch trim servo may be used to provide manual electric pitch
trim (MEPT). This allows the aircraft to be trimmed using a control wheel switch rather than the trim
wheel. Manual trim commands are generated only when both halves of the MEPT Switch are operated
simultaneously. Trim speeds are scheduled with airspeed to provide more consistent response.
Roll Axis
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
The autopilot roll axis uses roll rate to stabilize aircraft roll attitude during upsets and flight director
maneuvers. The flight director roll commands are rate- and attitude-limited, combined with roll damper
control, and sent to the roll servo motor.
APPENDICES
Yaw Axis
The yaw damper uses yaw rate and roll attitude to dampen the aircraft’s natural Dutch roll response.
It also uses lateral acceleration to coordinate turns. Yaw damper operation is independent of autopilot
engagement.
INDEX
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395
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Automatic Flight Control System
Engagement
NOTE: Autopilot engagement/disengagement is not equivalent to servo engagement/disengagement. Use
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
the CWS Button to disengage the pitch and roll servos while the autopilot remains active.
Note: The autopilot cannot be engaged if the yaw damper has failed.
EICAS
When the AP Key is pressed, the autopilot, yaw damper, and flight director (if not already active) are activated
and the annunciator lights on the AFCS controller for the autopilot and yaw damper are illuminated. The flight
director engages in Pitch and Roll Hold Modes when initially activated.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Autopilot Yaw Damper
Engaged Engaged
Figure 7-31 Autopilot and Yaw Damper Engaged
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
When the YD Key is pressed, the system engages the yaw damper independently of the autopilot and the yaw
damper annunciator light is illuminated.
Autopilot and yaw damper status are displayed in the center of the AFCS Status Box. Engagement is indicated
by green ‘AP’ and ‘YD’ annunciations, respectively.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Control Wheel Steering
During autopilot operation, the aircraft may be hand-flown without disengaging the autopilot. Pressing and
holding the CWS Button disengages the pitch and roll servos from the flight control surfaces and allows the
aircraft to be hand-flown. At the same time, the flight director is synchronized to the aircraft attitude during
the maneuver. CWS activity has no effect on yaw damper engagement.
AFCS
The ‘AP’ annunciation is temporarily replaced by ‘CWS’ in white for the duration of CWS maneuvers.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Control Wheel Steering
Figure 7-32 CWS Annunciation
INDEX
APPENDICES
In most scenarios, releasing the CWS Button reengages the autopilot with a new reference. Refer to flight
director mode descriptions for specific CWS behavior in each mode.
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Automatic Flight Control System
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Disengagement
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The autopilot is manually disengaged by pushing the AP Key on the AFCS Control Unit, the GA Switch, or
the MEPT ARM Switch. Manual autopilot disengagement is indicated by a five-second flashing yellow ‘AP’
annunciation and a three-second autopilot disconnect aural alert.
Figure 7-33 Manual Autopilot Disengagement
EICAS
Pushing the AP DISC Switch or YD Key disengages both the yaw damper and the autopilot. When the yaw
damper and autopilot are manually disengaged, both the ‘AP’ and ‘YD’ annunciation turn yellow and flash for 5
seconds and a three-second autopilot disconnect aural alert is generated.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Figure 7-34 Yaw Damper Disengagement
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
After manual disengagement, the autopilot disconnect aural alert may be cancelled by pushing the MEPT ARM
or AP DISC Switch (AP DISC Switch also cancels the flashing ‘AP’ annunciation).
Automatic autopilot disengagement is indicated by a flashing red and white ‘AP’ annunciation and by the
autopilot disconnect aural alert, which continue until acknowledged by pushing the AP DISC or MEPT ARM
Switch. Automatic autopilot disengagement occurs due to:
• Stall warning (YD also disengages)
• Invalid sensor data
• Inability to compute default flight director modes
(FD also disengages automatically)
• Yaw damper failure while both are engaged
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
• System failure
AFCS
Yaw damper disengagement is indicated by a five-second flashing yellow ‘YD’ annunciation. Automatic yaw
damper disengagement occurs when autopilot disengagement is caused by failure in a parameter also affecting
the yaw damper. This means the yaw damper can remain operational in some cases where the autopilot
automatically disengages. A localized failure in the yaw damper system or invalid sensor data also cause yaw
damper disengagement.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Figure 7-35 Automatic Autopilot and Yaw Damper Disengagement
APPENDICES
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Automatic Flight Control System
7.6 Example Flight Plan
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Note: The following example flight plan and diagrams (not to be used for navigation) in this section are
for instructional purposes only and should be considered not current. Numbered portions of accompanying
diagrams correspond to numbered procedure steps.
EICAS
This scenario-based set of procedures (based on the example flight plan found in the Flight Management
Section) shows various GFC 700 AFCS modes used during a flight. In this scenario, the aircraft departs Charles
B. Wheeler Downtown Airport (KMKC), enroute to Colorado Springs Airport (KCOS). After departure, the
aircraft climbs to 12,000 ft and airway V4 is intercepted, following ATC vectors.
0
24
27
24
27
24
30
21
18
15
18
9
24
21
12
15
27
12
6
Lamar
VOR
(LAA)
Topeka
VOR
(TOP)
21
Hays
VOR
(HYS)
9
V 244
Salina
VOR
(SLN)
12
3
V4
18
V 244
9
6
0
33
KMKC
27
30
6
KCOS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
3
30
3
6
0
33
3
30
33
9
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
33
0
15
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Airway V4 is flown to Salina VOR (SLN) using VOR navigation, then airway V244 is flown using a GPS
Navigation. The ILS approach for runway 35L and LPV (WAAS) approach for runway 35R are shown and a
missed approach is executed.
12
21
15
18
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
Figure 7-36 Flight Plan Overview
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Departure
Climbing to the Selected Altitude and flying an assigned heading:
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
1) Before takeoff:
a) Use the ALT SEL Knob to set the Selected Altitude to 12,000 feet.
b) Push the GA Switch to activate Takeoff Mode. The flight director Command Bars establish a pitch up attitude
to follow.
EICAS
c) Press the AP Key to engage the autopilot in a climb, holding the pitch angle commanded in Takeoff Mode and
wings level.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
2) In this example, Vertical Speed Mode is used to capture the Selected Altitude (Pitch Hold, Vertical Speed, or
Flight Level Change Mode may be used).
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
a) Press the VS Key to activate Vertical Speed and Roll Hold modes and arm Selected Altitude Capture Mode.
The Vertical Speed Reference may be adjusted after Vertical Speed Mode is selected using the NOSE UP/DN
Wheel or pushing the CWS Button while hand-flying the aircraft to establish a new Vertical Speed Reference.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
3) Use the HDG Knob to set the Selected Heading, complying with ATC vectors to intercept Airway V4.
Press the HDG Key to activate Heading Select Mode while the autopilot is engaged in the climb. The autopilot
follows the Selected Heading Bug on the HSI and turns the aircraft to the desired heading.
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
4) As the aircraft nears the Selected Altitude, the flight director transitions to Selected Altitude Capture Mode,
indicated by the green ‘ALTS’ annunciation flashing for up to 10 seconds.
APPENDICES
At 50 feet from the Selected Altitude, the green ‘ALT’ annunciation flashes for up to 10 seconds; the autopilot
transitions to Altitude Hold Mode and levels the aircraft.
INDEX
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399
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Automatic Flight Control System
HD
GM
od
EICAS
e
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
TO M
ode
3
Selected Altitude of 12,000 MSL
ALT Mode
4
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
KMKC
2
1
VS
e
Mod
ode
M
TO
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure 7-37 Departure
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Automatic Flight Control System
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Intercepting a VOR Radial
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
During climb-out, the autopilot continues to fly the aircraft in Heading Select Mode. Airway V4 to Salina
VOR (SLN) should now be intercepted. Since the enroute flight plan waypoints correspond to VORs, flight
director Navigation Mode using either VOR or GPS as the navigation source may be used. In this scenario, VOR
Navigation Mode is used for navigation to the first VOR waypoint in the flight plan.
Intercepting a VOR radial:
1) Arm VOR Navigation Mode:
EICAS
a) Tune the VOR frequency.
b) Press the CDI Softkey to set the navigation source to VOR.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
c) Use the CRS1 or CRS2 Knob to set the Selected Course to the desired value, 255°. Note that at this point, the
flight director is still in Heading Select Mode and the autopilot continues to fly the Selected Heading, 290°.
d) Press the NAV Key. This arms VOR Navigation Mode and the white ‘VOR’ annunciation appears to the left of
the active lateral mode.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
2) As the aircraft nears the Selected Course, the flight director transitions from Heading Select to VOR Navigation
Mode and the ‘VOR’ annunciation flashes green. The autopilot begins turning to intercept the Selected
Course.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
3) The autopilot continues the turn until the aircraft is established on the Selected Course.
0
33
3
30
AFCS
Hd
29 g
0o
V4
6
27
3
9
o
24
Salina
VOR
(SLN)
NA
V
Mo
de
2
HD
G
12
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
255
VO
R
M
od
e,
VO
R
Ar
m
ed
15
1
APPENDICES
21
18
Figure 7-38 Intercepting a VOR Radial
INDEX
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Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
401
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Automatic Flight Control System
Flying a Flight Plan/GPS Course
Note: Changing the navigation source cancels Navigation Mode and causes the flight director to revert
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
back to Roll Hold Mode (wings rolled level).
As the aircraft closes on Salina VOR, GPS is used to navigate the next leg, airway V244. The aircraft is
currently tracking inbound on Airway V4.
Flying a GPS flight plan:
EICAS
1) Transition from VOR to GPS Navigation Mode:
a) Press the CDI Softkey until GPS is the selected navigation source.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
b) Press the NAV Key to activate GPS Navigation Mode. The autopilot guides the aircraft along the active flight
plan leg.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
2) Following the flight plan, the autopilot continues to steer the aircraft under GPS guidance. Note that in GPS
Navigation Mode, course changes defined by the flight plan are automatically made without pilot action
required.
0
33
3
V4
6
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
33
3
30
0
o
075
e
30
d
AV Mo
6
27
GPS N
260
o
15
21
18
24
2
12
12
AFCS
9
Hays
VOR
(HYS)
Salina
VOR
(SLN)
V 244
1
24
27
076
e
9
o
d
AV Mo
VOR N
15
21
18
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Figure 7-39 Transition to GPS Flight Plan
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Automatic Flight Control System
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Descent
While flying the arrival procedure, the aircraft is cleared for descent in preparation for the approach to KCOS.
Three methods are presented for descent:
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
• Flight Level Change descent – Flight Level Change Mode can be used to descend to the Selected Altitude at a
constant airspeed. This descent method does not account for flight plan waypoint altitude constraints.
• Vertical Path Tracking descent – Vertical Path Tracking Mode is used to follow the vertical descent path
defined in the GPS flight plan. Altitude constraints correspond to waypoints in the flight plan. Before VNV
flight control can provide vertical profile guidance, a VNV flight plan must be entered and enabled.
EICAS
• Non-path descent in a VNV scenario – A VNV flight plan is entered and enabled however, Pitch Hold, Vertical
Speed, or Flight Level Change Mode can be used to descend to the VNV Target Altitude prior to reaching the
planned TOD. Flight Level Change Mode is used in the example.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Flight Level Change descent:
1) Select Flight Level Change Mode:
a) Using the ALT SEL Knob, set the Selected Altitude to 10,000 feet.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
b) Press the FLC Key to activate Flight Level Change Mode. The annunciation ‘FLC’ appears next to the
Airspeed Reference, which defaults to the current aircraft airspeed. Selected Altitude Capture Mode is armed
automatically.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
c) If desired press the SPD Key to display the Airspeed Reference in Mach.
AFCS
2) Use the NOSE UP/DN Wheel or push the CWS Button while hand-flying the aircraft to adjust the commanded
airspeed while maintaining the same power, or reduce power to allow descent in Flight Level Change Mode
while the autopilot maintains the current airspeed.
3) As the aircraft nears the Selected Altitude, the flight director transitions to Selected Altitude Capture Mode,
indicated by the green ‘ALTS’ annunciation flashing for up to 10 seconds.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
The green ‘ALT’ annunciation flashes for up to 10 seconds upon reaching 50 feet from the Selected Altitude; the
autopilot transitions to Altitude Hold Mode and levels the aircraft.
APPENDICES
1
Cruise Altitude of 12,000 MSL
ALT Mode
2
FLC
Mod
e
INDEX
3
Selected Altitude of 10,000 MSL
ALT Mode
Figure 7-40 FLC Descent
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Automatic Flight Control System
Vertical Path Tracking descent to VNV Target Altitude:
1) Select VNV flight control:
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
a) Press the VNV Key to arm Vertical Path Tracking Mode. The white annunciation ‘VPTH’ appears.
b) Using the ALT SEL Knob, set the Selected Altitude below the flight plan’s VNV Target Altitude of 10,000 feet.
EICAS
If the Selected Altitude is not at least 75 ft below the VNV Target Altitude, the flight director commands descent
to the Selected Altitude rather than the VNV Target Altitude once Vertical Path Tracking Mode becomes active
(ALTS is armed rather than ALTV).
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
c) If Vertical Path Tracking Mode is armed more than 5 minutes prior to descent path capture, acknowledgment is
required for the flight director to transition from Altitude Hold to Vertical Path Tracking Mode. To proceed with
descent path capture if the white ‘VPTH’ annunciation begins flashing, do one of the following
•
Press the VNV Key
• Turn the ALT SEL Knob to adjust the Selected Altitude
If the descent is not confirmed by the time of interception, Vertical Path Tracking Mode remains armed and the
descent is not captured.
2) When the top of descent (TOD) is reached, the flight director transitions to Vertical Path Tracking Mode and
begins the descent to the VNV Target Altitude. Intention to capture the VNV Target Altitude is indicated by the
white ‘ALTV’ annunciation.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
3) As the aircraft nears the VNV Target Altitude, the flight director transitions to VNV Target Altitude Capture Mode,
indicated by the green ‘ALTV’ annunciation flashing for up to 10 seconds.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
The green ‘ALT’ annunciation flashes for up to 10 seconds upon reaching 50 feet from the VNV Target Altitude;
the autopilot transitions to Altitude Hold Mode and levels the aircraft at the vertical waypoint.
1
ALT Mode
TOD
Cruise Altitude of 12,000 MSL
2
VPT
HM
ode
APPENDICES
3
VNAV Target Altitude of 10,000 MSL
BOD
ALT Mode
Selected Altitude (set below VNAV Target Altitude)
Along-track Offset, 3 nm before OPSHN
3 nm
INDEX
Figure 7-41 VPTH Descent
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Automatic Flight Control System
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Non-path descent using Flight Level Change Mode:
1) Using Flight Level Change Mode, command a non-path descent to an intermediate altitude above the next VNV
flight plan altitude:
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
a) Using the ALT SEL Knob, set the Selected Altitude below the current aircraft altitude to an altitude (in this case,
9,400 feet) at which to level off between VNV flight plan altitudes.
b) Press the FLC Key before the planned TOD during an altitude hold while VPTH is armed. The Airspeed Reference
defaults to the current aircraft airspeed. Vertical Path Tracking and Selected Altitude Capture Mode are armed
automatically.
EICAS
2) Reduce power to allow descent in Flight Level Change Mode. The autopilot maintains the Airspeed Reference.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
3) As the aircraft nears the Selected Altitude, the flight director transitions to Selected Altitude Capture Mode,
indicated by the green ‘ALTS’ annunciation flashing for up to 10 seconds.
The green ‘ALT’ annunciation flashes for up to 10 seconds upon reaching 50 feet from the Selected Altitude; the
autopilot transitions to Altitude Hold Mode and levels the aircraft. After leveling off reset Selected Altitude at
or below 9,000 ft.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
4) When the next TOD is reached, Vertical Path Tracking becomes active (may require acknowledgment to allow
descent path capture).
AFCS
5) As the aircraft nears the VNV Target Altitude, the flight director transitions to VNV Target Altitude Capture Mode,
indicated by the green ‘ALTV’ annunciation flashing for up to 10 seconds.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
The green ‘ALT’ annunciation flashes for up to 10 seconds upon reaching 50 feet from the VNV Target Altitude;
the autopilot transitions to Altitude Hold Mode and levels the aircraft at the vertical waypoint.
APPENDICES
INDEX
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FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Automatic Flight Control System
VP
EICAS
TH
M
od
e
ALT Mode
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Planned
TOD
2
BOD
1
FL
C
Pla
nn
M
od
e
Selected Altitude of 9,400 MSL
VNAV Target Altitude of 10,000 MSL
3
ed
De
sce
nt
ALT Mode
Pa
th
TOD
4
VP
TH
Mo
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
VNAV Target Altitude of 9,000 MSL
de
5
BOD
ALT Mode
Selected Altitude
3 nm
OPSHN
HABUK
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure 7-42 Non-path Descent
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Automatic Flight Control System
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Approach
Flying an ILS approach:
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
1) Transition from GPS Navigation Mode to Heading Select Mode.
a) Select the Runway 35L ILS approach for KCOS and select ‘VECTORS’ for the transition. Load and activate the
approach into the flight plan.
b) Use the HDG Knob to set the Selected Heading after getting vectors from ATC.
c) Press the HDG Key. The autopilot turns the aircraft to the desired heading.
EICAS
d) Use Heading Select Mode to comply with ATC vectors as requested.
2) Arm LOC Approach and Glideslope modes.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
a) Ensure the appropriate localizer frequency is tuned.
b) Press the APR Key when cleared for approach to arm Approach and Glideslope modes. ‘LOC’ and ‘GS’ appear
in white as armed mode annunciations.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
c) The navigation source automatically switches to LOC. After this switch occurs, the localizer signal can be captured
and the autopilot and flight director determine when to begin the turn to intercept the final approach course. The
flight director now provides guidance to the missed approach point.
• Push the AP DISC Switch at the decision
height and land the aircraft.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
3) There are two options available at this point, as the autopilot flies the ILS approach:
• Use the GA Switch to execute a missed approach.
KCOS
AFCS
LOC APR/
GS Mode
3
PETEY
G
HD
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
2
M
e
od
PYNON
1
APPENDICES
GPS NAV Mode
INDEX
Figure 7-43 ILS Approach to KCOS
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Automatic Flight Control System
Flying a RNAV GPS approach with vertical guidance:
1) Arm flight director modes for a RNAV GPS approach with vertical guidance:
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
a) Make sure the navigation source is set to GPS (use CDI Softkey to change navigation source).
b) Select the Runway 35R LPV approach for KCOS. Load and activate the approach into the flight plan.
EICAS
2) Press the APR Key once clearance for approach has been received. GPS Approach Mode is activated and
Glidepath Mode is armed.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
3) Once the glidepath is captured, Glidepath Mode becomes active. The flight director now provides guidance to
the missed approach point.
4) There are two options available at this point, as the autopilot flies the approach:
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
• Push the AP DISC Switch at the decision
height and land the aircraft.
• Use the GA Switch to execute a missed approach.
KCOS
CEGIX
AFCS
3
GPS APR/
GP Mode
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
4
2
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
FALUR
HABUK
PYNON
1
INDEX
APPENDICES
GPS NAV Mode
Figure 7-44 LPV Approach to KCOS
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Automatic Flight Control System
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Go Around/Missed Approach
Note: As a result of calculations performed by the system while flying the holding pattern, the display may
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
re-size automatically and the aircraft may not precisely track the holding pattern as depicted on the PFD and
MFD.
Flying a missed approach:
EICAS
1) Push the GA Switch at the Decision height and apply go around power to execute a missed approach. The
flight director Command Bars establish a nose-up climb to follow. If flying an ILS or LOC approach, the CDI also
switches to GPS as the navigation source.
Note that when the GA Switch is pushed, the missed approach is activated and the autopilot disconnects,
indicated by the ‘AP’ annunciation flashing yellow for 5 seconds.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Flashes 5 sec
2) Start the climb to the prescribed altitude in the published Missed Approach Procedure (in this case, 10,000 ft).
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
a) Press the AP Key to re-engage the autopilot.
b) Press the NAV Key to have the autopilot fly to the hold.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
3) Use the ALT SEL Knob to set a Selected Altitude to hold.
To hold the current airspeed during the climb, press the FLC Key.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
As the aircraft nears the Selected Altitude, the flight director transitions to Selected Altitude Capture Mode,
indicated by the green ‘ALTS’ annunciation flashing for up to 10 seconds.
The green ‘ALT’ annunciation flashes for up to 10 seconds upon reaching 50 feet from the Selected Altitude; the
autopilot transitions to Altitude Hold Mode and levels the aircraft.
APPENDICES
4) The autopilot flies the holding pattern after the missed approach is activated. Annunciations are displayed in
the Navigation Status Box, above the AFCS Status Box.
INDEX
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FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Automatic Flight Control System
EICAS
4
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
GPS NAV Mode
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
MOGAL
3
2
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
GA Mode
KCOS
AFCS
1
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Figure 7-45 Go Around/Missed Approach
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Automatic Flight Control System
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
7.7 AFCS Annunciations and Alerts
AFCS Status Alerts
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The annunciations in Table 7-6 (listed in order of increasing priority) can appear on the PFDs above the
Airspeed and Attitude indicators. Only one annunciation may occur at a time, and messages are prioritized by
criticality.
EICAS
AFCS Status
Annunciation
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Figure 7-46 AFCS Status Annunciation
Alert Condition
Rudder Mistrim Left
Aileron Mistrim Right
Aileron Mistrim Left
Elevator Mistrim Up
(or stuck MEPT Switch)
Roll servo providing sustained force in the indicated direction
Pitch servo providing sustained force in the indicated direction
AP engaged when aircraft altitude above 30,000 ft and cabin pressurization is lost
Selected Heading set 90° left of current heading; Selected Altitude set to 15000 ft
If AP engaged, take control of the aircraft and disengage AP
If AP disengaged, move MEPT switches separately to unstick
YD control failure; AP also inoperative
Roll Failure
Roll axis control failure; AP inoperative
Pitch Failure
Pitch axis control failure; AP inoperative
System Failure
AP and MEPT are unavailable; FD may still be available
Performing preflight system test; aural alert sounds at completion
Do not press the AP DISC Switch during servo power-up and preflight system tests
as this may cause the preflight system test to fail or never to start (if servos fail
their power-up tests). Power must be cycled to the servos to remedy the situation.
APPENDICES
Preflight Test
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Yaw Damper Failure
AFCS
Emergency Descent
Mode
Pitch Trim Failure
Yaw servo providing sustained force in the indicated direction
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Elevator Mistrim Down
Description
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Rudder Mistrim Right
Annunciation
Preflight system test failed; aural alert sounds at failure
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Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
INDEX
Table 7-6 AFCS Status Alerts
411
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Automatic Flight Control System
Overspeed Protection
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
While Pitch Hold, Vertical Speed, Flight Level Change, Vertical Path Tracking, or an altitude capture mode is
active, airspeed is monitored by the flight director and pitch commands are limited for overspeed protection.
Overspeed protection is provided in situations where the flight director cannot acquire and maintain the mode
reference for the selected vertical mode without exceeding the certified maximum autopilot airspeed.
EICAS
When an autopilot overspeed condition occurs, the Airspeed Reference appears in a box above the Airspeed
Indicator, flashing a yellow ‘MAXSPD’ annunciation. Engine power should be reduced and/or the pitch reference
adjusted to slow the aircraft. The annunciation disappears when the overspeed condition is resolved.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Airspeed
Indicator
Figure 7-47 Overspeed Annunciation
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Emergency Descent Mode (EDM)
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
The Cessna Citation Mustang is equipped with an Emergency Descent Mode (EDM), available during highaltitude flight while the autopilot is engaged. EDM is automatically activated when cabin pressurization is lost
at altitudes above 30,000 feet MSL. Throttles should be reduced to idle and speed brakes extended to achieve
a maximum rate of decent. EDM is annunciated as the AFCS Status Annunciation and the following AFCS
modes are selected:
• Flight Level Change Mode with the Selected Altitude set to 15,000 feet
• Heading Select Mode with the Selected Heading set to 90° left of the current heading
AFCS
Heading Select Autopilot Flight Level Change
Mode Active Engaged
Mode Active
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Selected
Altitude
Set to
15000 ft
Selected Heading Set 90°
Left of Current Heading
Emergency Decent
Mode Annunciation
INDEX
Figure 7-48 Emergency Descent Mode
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Additional Features
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Section 8 Additional Features
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
NOTE: With the availability of SafeTaxi, ChartView, or FliteCharts in electronic form, it is still advisable to
carry another source of charts on board the aircraft.
Additional features of the system include the following:
• Synthetic Vision System (SVS)
EICAS
• SafeTaxi® diagrams
• ChartView and FliteCharts® electronic charts
• XM Radio entertainment for the passengers
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
• Scheduler
The optional Synthetic Vision System (SVS) provides a three-dimensional forward view of terrain features on
the PFD. SVS imagery shows the pilot’s view of relevant features in relation to the aircraft attitude.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
SafeTaxi diagrams provide detailed taxiway, runway, and ramp information at more than 700 airports in the
United States. By decreasing range on an airport that has a SafeTaxi diagram available, a close up view of the
airport layout can be seen.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
The optional ChartView and FliteCharts provide on-board electronic terminal procedures charts. Electronic
charts offer the convenience of rapid access to essential information. Either ChartView or FliteCharts may be
configured in the system, but not both.
The optional XM Radio entertainment audio feature of the GDL 69A Data Link Receiver handles more than 170
channels of music, news, and sports. XM Radio offers more entertainment choices and longer range coverage
than commercial broadcast stations.
AFCS
The Scheduler feature can be used to enter and display short term or long term reminder messages such as
Switch fuel tanks, Change oil, or Altimeter-Transponder Check in the Messages Window on the PFD.
Optional checklists help to quickly find the proper procedure on the ground or during flight.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
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413
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Additional Features
8.1 Synthetic Vision System (SVS)
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Note: When Synthetic Vision System (SVS) is installed in the G1000 the X-Pointer Command Bars cannot be
used when SVS is in use. Refer to the AFCS Section and Flight Instruments Section for more information.
NOTE: SVS requires a terrain database that has a resolution of nine arc-seconds.
EICAS
NOTE: SVS is not intended to be used alone for aircraft control, navigation, obstacle and terrain avoidance,
or to avoid other aircraft.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
The optional Synthetic Vision System (SVS) is a visual enhancement to the G1000 Integrated Flight Deck. SVS
depicts a forward-looking attitude display of the topography immediately in front of the aircraft. The field of
view is 30 degrees to the left and 35 degrees to the right. SVS information is shown on the Primary Flight Display
(PFD), or on the Multifunction Display (MFD) in Reversionary Mode (Figure 8‑76). The depicted imagery is
derived from the aircraft attitude, heading, GPS three-dimensional position, and a nine arc-second database of
terrain, obstacles, and other relevant features. The terrain data resolution of nine arc-seconds, meaning that
the terrain elevation contours are stored in squares measuring nine arc-seconds on each side, is required for the
operation of SVS. Loss of any of the required data, including temporary loss of the GPS signal, will cause SVS to
be disabled until the required data is restored.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
The SVS terrain display shows land contours, large water features, towers, and other obstacles over 200’ AGL
that are included in the obstacle database. Cultural features on the ground such as roads, highways, railroad
tracks, cities, and state boundaries are not displayed even if those features are found on the MFD map. The terrain
display also includes a north–south east–west grid to assist in orientation relative to the terrain. The colors used
to display the terrain elevation contours are similar to that of the topo map display.
AFCS
The Terrain Awareness and Warning System (TAWS) is integrated within SVS to provide visual and auditory
alerts to indicate the presence of terrain and obstacle threats relevant to the projected flight path. Terrain alerts
are displayed in red and yellow shading on the PFD.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
The terrain display is intended for situational awareness only. It may not provide the accuracy or fidelity on
which to base decisions and plan maneuvers to avoid terrain or obstacles. Navigation must not be predicated
solely upon the use of the TAWS terrain or obstacle data displayed by the SVS.
• Pathways
• Airport Signs
• Flight Path Marker
• Runway Display
• Horizon Heading Marks
• Terrain Alerting
• Traffic Display
• Obstacle Alerting
INDEX
APPENDICES
The following SVS enhancements appear on the PFD:
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Additional Features
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
EICAS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Figure 8-1 Synthetic Vision Imagery
SVS Operation
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
SVS is activated from the PFD using the softkeys located along the bottom edge of the display. Pressing the
softkeys turns the related function on or off. When SVS is enabled, the pitch ladder increments are reduced to
10 degrees up and 7.5 degrees down.
AFCS
SVS functions are displayed on three levels of softkeys. The PFD Softkey leads into the PFD function Softkeys,
including synthetic vision. Pressing the SYN VIS Softkey displays the SVS feature softkeys. The softkeys are
labeled PATHWAY, SYN TERR, HRZN HDG, and APTSIGNS. The BACK Softkey returns to the previous
level of softkeys. Synthetic Terrain must be active before any other SVS feature may be activated.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
HRZN HDG, APTSIGNS, and PATHWAY Softkeys are only available when the SYN TERR Softkey is
activated (gray with black characters). After activating the SYN TERR Softkey, the HRZN HDG, APTSIGNS,
and PATHWAY softkeys may be activated in any combination to display desired features. When system power
is cycled, the last selected state (on or off) of the SYN TERR, HRZN HDG, APTSIGNS, and PATHWAY
softkeys is remembered by the system.
APPENDICES
• PATHWAY Softkey enables display of rectangular boxes that represent course guidance.
• SYN TERR Softkey enables synthetic terrain depiction.
• HRZN HDG Softkey enables horizon heading marks and digits.
• APTSIGNS Softkey enables airport signposts.
INDEX
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415
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Additional Features
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
PFD
BACK
SYN VIS
Pressing the BACK Softkey
returns to the top-level softkeys.
EICAS
PATHWAY
BACK
SYN TERR HRZN HDG APTSIGNS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Pressing the BACK Softkey returns to the previous level of softkeys.
Figure 8-2 SVS Softkeys
Activating and deactivating SVS:
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
1) Press the PFD Softkey.
2) Press the SYN VIS Softkey.
3) Press the SYN TERR Softkey. The SVS display will cycle on or off with the SYN TERR Softkey.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Activating and deactivating Pathways:
1) Press the PFD Softkey.
2) Press the SYN VIS Softkey.
3) Press the PATHWAY Softkey. The Pathway feature will cycle on or off with the PATHWAY Softkey.
AFCS
Activating and deactivating Horizon Headings:
1) Press the PFD Softkey.
2) Press the SYN VIS Softkey.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
3) Press the HRZN HDG Softkey. The horizon heading display will cycle on or off with the HRZN HDG Softkey.
Activating and deactivating Airport Signs:
1) Press the PFD Softkey.
APPENDICES
2) Press the SYN VIS Softkey.
INDEX
3) Press the APTSIGNS Softkey. Display of airport signs will cycle on or off with the APTSIGNS Softkey.
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Additional Features
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
SVS Features
Airport
Runway
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Selected
Altitude
Traffic
Command
Bars
Airplane
Symbol
EICAS
Zero
Pitch Line
(ZPL) with
Compass
Heading
Marks
Pathways
Flight
Path
Marker
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Synthetic
Terrain
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
SVS
Softkeys
Figure 8-3 SVS on the Primary Flight Display
NOTE: Pathways and terrain features are not a substitute for standard course and altitude deviation
information provided by the CDI, VSI, and VDI.
AFCS
Pathways
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Pathways provide a three-dimensional perspective view of the selected route of flight shown as colored
rectangular boxes representing the horizontal and vertical flight path of the active flight plan. The box
size represents 700 feet wide by 200 feet tall during enroute, oceanic, and terminal flight phases. During
an approach, the box width is 700 feet or one half full scale deviation on the HSI, whichever is less. The
height is 200 feet or one half full scale deviation on the VDI, whichever is less. The altitude at which the
pathway boxes are displayed is determined by the higher of either the selected altitude or the VNAV altitude
programmed for the active leg in the flight plan (Figure 8-4).
APPENDICES
190-00494-02 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
INDEX
The color of the rectangular boxes may be magenta, green, or white depending on the route of flight and
navigation source selected. The active GPS or GPS overlay flight plan leg is represented by magenta boxes
that correspond to the Magenta CDI. A localizer course is represented by green boxes that correspond to a
green CDI. An inactive leg of an active flight plan is represented by white boxes corresponding to a white line
drawn on the Inset map or MFD map indicating an inactive leg.
417
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Additional Features
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Selected
Altitude
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EICAS
Programmed
Altitudes
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure 8-4 Programmed and Selected Altitude
AFCS
Pathways provide supplemental glidepath information on an active ILS, LPV, LNAV/VNAV, and some LNAV
approaches. Pathways are intended as an aid to situational awareness and should not be used independent
of the CDI, VDI, glide path indicator, and glide slope indicator. They are removed from the display when
the selected navigation information is not available. Pathways are not displayed beyond the active leg when
leg sequencing is suspended and are not displayed on any portion of the flight plan leg that would lead to
intercepting a leg in the wrong direction.
Departure and Enroute
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Prior to intercepting an active flight plan leg, pathways are displayed as a series of boxes with pointers at
each corner that point in the direction of the active waypoint. Pathways are not displayed for the first leg
of the flight plan if that segment is a Heading-to-Altitude leg. The first segment displaying pathways is the
first active GPS leg or active leg with a GPS overlay. If this leg of the flight plan route is outside the SVS
field of view, pathways will not be visible until the aircraft has turned toward this leg. While approaching
the center of the active leg and prescribed altitude, the number of pathway boxes decreases to a minimum
of four.
INDEX
Pathways are displayed along the flight plan route at the highest of either the selected altitude or the
programmed altitude for the leg. Climb profiles cannot be displayed due to the variables associated with
aircraft performance. Flight plan legs requiring a climb are indicated by pathways displayed at a level above
the aircraft at the altitude selected or programmed.
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Additional Features
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Descent and Approach
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Pathways are shown descending only for a programmed descent (Figures 8-5, 8-6). When the flight plan
includes programmed descent segments, pathways are displayed along the descent path provided that the
selected altitude is lower than the programmed altitude.
EICAS
During a Vectors-to-Final (VTF) approach transition, pathways are displayed along the final approach
course inbound to the Missed Approach Point (MAP). Pathways are shown level at the selected altitude
or at the next programmed crossing altitude, whichever is higher, up to the point along the final approach
course where the altitude intercepts the extended vertical descent path, glidepath, or glideslope. From
the vertical path descent, glidepath, or glideslope intercept point, the pathways are shown inbound to the
Missed Approach Point (MAP) along the published lateral and vertical descent path.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
During an ILS approach, the initial approach segment is displayed in magenta at the segment altitudes
if GPS is selected as the navigation source on the CDI. When switching to localizer inbound with LOC
selected as the navigation source on the CDI, pathways are displayed in green along the localizer and glide
slope.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
VOR, LOC BC, and ADF approach segments that are approved to be flown using GPS are displayed in
magenta boxes. Segments that are flown using other than GPS or ILS, such as heading legs or VOR final
approach courses are not displayed.
Selected Altitude
set for Enroute
Selected Altitude
set for Departure
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Climbs NOT
displayed
by pathway
Non-programmed descents NOT displayed by pathway
TOD
AFCS
Selected Altitude
for Step Down
Programmed descent
displayed by pathway
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
Selected Altitude or Programmed Altitude
(whichever is higher)
Figure 8-5 SVS Pathways, Enroute and Descent
INDEX
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419
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Additional Features
Missed Approach
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Upon activating the missed approach, pathways lead to the Missed Approach Holding Point (MAHP) and
are displayed as a level path at the published altitude for the MAHP, or the selected altitude, whichever is
the highest. If the initial missed approach leg is a Course-to-Altitude (CA) leg, the pathways boxes will
be displayed level at the altitude published for the MAHP. If the initial missed approach leg is defined by
a course using other than GPS, pathways are not displayed for that segment. In this case, the pathways
displayed for the next leg may be outside the field of view and will be visible when the aircraft has turned
in the direction of that leg.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EICAS
Pathways are displayed along each segment including the path required to track course reversals that are
part of a procedure, such as holding patterns. Pathways boxes will not indicate a turn to a MAHP unless a
defined geographical waypoint exists between the MAP and MAHP.
FAF
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Descent displayed
by pathway
Selected Altitude
or Programmed Altitude
(whichever is higher)
MAP Climbs NOT displayed
by pathway
Turn Segment
NOT displayed
by pathway
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
MAHP
INDEX
Figure 8-6 SVS Pathways, Approach, Missed Approach, and Holding
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Additional Features
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Flight Path Marker
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The Flight Path Marker (FPM), also known as a Velocity Vector, is displayed on the PFD at groundspeeds
above 30 knots. The FPM depicts the approximate projected path of the aircraft accounting for wind speed
and direction relative to the three-dimensional terrain display.
The FPM is always available when the Synthetic Terrain feature is in operation. The FPM represents the
direction of the flight path as it relates to the terrain and obstacles on the display, while the airplane symbol
represents the aircraft heading.
EICAS
The FPM works in conjunction with the Pathways feature to assist the pilot in maintaining desired altitudes
and direction when navigating a flight plan. When on course and altitude the FPM is aligned inside the
pathway boxes as shown (Figure 8-7).
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
The FPM may also be used to identify a possible conflict with the aircraft flight path and distant terrain or
obstacles. Displayed terrain or obstacles in the aircraft’s flight path extending above the FPM could indicate
a potential conflict, even before an alert is issued by TAWS. However, decisions regarding terrain and/or
obstacle avoidance should not be made using only the FPM.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
ILS
Frequency
is Active
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Flight Path
Marker
(FPM)
Color of
Pathways
match the
CDI color
AFCS
Wind
Vector
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
Figure 8-7 Flight Path Marker and Pathways
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Additional Features
Zero Pitch Line
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The Zero Pitch Line is drawn completely across the display and represents the aircraft attitude with respect
to the horizon. It may not align with the terrain horizon, particularly when the terrain is mountainous or
when the aircraft is flown at high altitudes.
Horizon Heading
EICAS
The Horizon Heading is synchronized with the HSI and shows approximately 60 degrees of compass
heading in 30‑degree increments on the Zero Pitch Line. Horizon heading tick marks and digits appearing
on the zero pitch line are not visible behind either the airspeed or altitude display. Horizon Heading is used
for general heading awareness, and is activated and deactivated by pressing the HRZN HDG Softkey.
Traffic
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Traffic symbols are displayed in their approximate locations as determined by the related traffic systems.
Traffic symbols are displayed in three dimensions, appearing larger as they are getting closer, and smaller
when they are further away. Traffic symbols and coloring are consistent with that used for traffic displayed in
the Inset map or MFD traffic page.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Airport Signs
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Airport Signs provide a visual representation of airport location and identification on the synthetic terrain
display. When activated, the signs appear on the display when the aircraft is approximately 15 nm from
an airport and disappear at approximately 4.5 nm. Airport signs are shown without the identifier until the
aircraft is approximately 8 nautical miles from the airport. Airport signs are not shown behind the airspeed
or altitude display. Airport signs are activated and deactivated by pressing the APTSIGNS Softkey.
Airport
Sign with
Identifier
(Between
4.5 nm and
9.0 nm)
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Airport
Sign
without
Identifier
(Between
9.0 nm and
15 nm)
Figure 8-8 Airport Signs
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Additional Features
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Runways
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Runway data provides improved awareness of runway location with respect to the surrounding terrain. As
runways are displayed, those within 45 degrees of the aircraft heading are displayed in white. Other runways
will be gray in color. When an approach for a specific runway is active, that runway will appear brighter
and be outlined with a white box, regardless of the runway orientation as related to aircraft heading. As the
aircraft gets closer to the runway, more detail such as runway numbers and centerlines will be displayed.
EICAS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Runway
Selected for
Approach
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Other
Runway
on Airport
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure 8-9 Airport Runways
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Additional Features
TAWS Alerting
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Terrain alerting on the synthetic terrain display is triggered by Forward-looking Terrain Avoidance (FLTA).
When an obstacle becomes a potential impact point the color of the obstacle matches the red or yellow X on
the Inset map and MFD map displays. For more detailed information regarding TAWS, refer to the Hazard
Avoidance Section.
EICAS
In some instances, a terrain or obstacle alert may be issued with no conflict shading displayed on the
synthetic terrain. In these cases, the conflict is outside the SVS field of view to the left or right of the
aircraft.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
TAWS
Terrain
Alert
Terrain
Warning
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Potential
Impact
Points
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Figure 8-10 Terrain Alert
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Additional Features
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Obstacles are represented on the synthetic terrain display by standard two-dimensional tower symbols found
on the Inset map and MFD maps and charts. Obstacle symbols appear in the perspective view with relative
height above terrain and distance from the aircraft. Unlike the Inset map and MFD moving map display,
obstacles on the synthetic terrain display do not change colors to warn of potential conflict with the aircraft’s
flight path until the obstacle is associated with an actual FLTA alert. Obstacles greater than 1000 feet below the
aircraft altitude are not shown. Obstacles are shown behind the airspeed and altitude displays.
EICAS
TAWS
Obstacle
Alert
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Obstacles
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Potential
Impact
Points
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure 8-11 Obstacles
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Additional Features
Field of View
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The PFD field of view can be represented on the MFD Navigation Map Page. Two dashed lines forming a
V‑shape in front of the aircraft symbol on the map, represent the forward viewing area shown on the PFD.
Configuring field of view:
1) While viewing the Navigation Map Page, press the MENU Key to display the PAGE MENU.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EICAS
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight Map Setup and press the ENT Key.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Field of
View
Navigation Map Page OPTIONS Menu
Map Setup Menu, Map Group, Field of View Option
AFCS
Figure 8-12 Option Menus
3) Turn the FMS Knob to select the Map Group and press the ENT Key.
4) Turn the large FMS Knob to scroll through the Aviation Group options to FIELD OF VIEW.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
5) Turn the small FMS Knob to select On or Off.
INDEX
APPENDICES
6) Press the FMS Knob to return to the Navigation Map Page.
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Additional Features
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
The following figure compares the PFD forward looking depiction with the MFD plan view and FIELD OF
VIEW turned on.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
V-Shaped
Lines
Depict
PFD Field
of View
EICAS
Field of View on the MFD
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
SVS View on the PFD
Figure 8-13 MFD and PFD Field of View Comparison
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Additional Features
8.2 SafeTaxi
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
SafeTaxi is an enhanced feature that gives greater map detail when viewing airports at close range. The
maximum map ranges for enhanced detail are pilot configurable. When viewing at ranges close enough to
show the airport detail, the map reveals taxiways with identifying letters/numbers, airport Hot Spots, and airport
landmarks including ramps, buildings, control towers, and other prominent features. Resolution is greater at
lower map ranges. When the MFD display is within the SafeTaxi ranges, the airplane symbol on the airport
provides enhanced position awareness.
EICAS
Designated Hot Spots are recognized at airports with many intersecting taxiways and runways, and/or complex
ramp areas. Airport Hot Spots are outlined to caution pilots of areas on an airport surface where positional
awareness confusion or runway incursions happen most often. Hot Spots are defined with a magenta circle or
outline around the region of possible confusion.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Any map page that displays the navigation view can also show the SafeTaxi airport layout within the maximum
configured range. The following is a list of pages where the SafeTaxi feature can be seen:
• Navigation Map Page
• VOR Information Page
• Inset Map (PFD)
• User Waypoint Information Page
• Weather Datalink Page
• Trip Planning Page
• Airport Information Page
• Nearest Pages
• Intersection Information Page
• Active and Stored Flight Plan Pages
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
• NDB Information Page
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
During ground operations the aircraft’s position is displayed in reference to taxiways, runways, and airport
features. In the example shown, the aircraft is on taxiway Bravo inside the High Alert Intersection boundary
on KSFO airport. Airport Hot Spots are outlined in magenta. When panning over the airport, features such as
runway holding lines and taxiways are shown at the cursor.
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Additional Features
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Taxiway
Identification
EICAS
Aircraft
Position
Airport Hot
Spot Outline
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Airport
Features
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
The DCLTR Softkey (declutter) label advances to DCLTR-1, DCLTR -2, and DCLTR-3 each time the softkey is
pressed for easy recognition of decluttering level. Pressing the DCLTR Softkey removes the taxiway markings and
airport feature labels. Pressing the DCLTR-1 Softkey removes VOR station ID, the VOR symbol, and intersection
names if within the airport plan view. Pressing the DCLTR-2 Softkey removes the airport runway layout, unless
the airport in view is part of an active route structure. Pressing the DCLTR-3 Softkey cycles back to the original
map detail. Refer to Map Declutter Levels in the Flight Management Section.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Figure 8-14 SafeTaxi Depiction on the Navigation Map Page
DCLTR Softkey
Removes Taxiway
Markings
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
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429
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Additional Features
Configuring SafeTaxi range:
1) While viewing the Navigation Map Page, press the MENU Key to display the PAGE MENU.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EICAS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the Map Setup Menu Option and press the ENT Key.
Figure 8-15 Navigation Map PAGE MENU, Map Setup Option
3) Turn the FMS Knob to select the Aviation Group and press the ENT Key.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
4) Turn the large FMS Knob to scroll through the Aviation Group options to SAFETAXI.
5) Turn the small FMS Knob to display the range of distances.
6) Turn either FMS Knob to select the desired distance for maximum SafeTaxi display range.
7) Press the ENT Key to complete the selection.
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
8) Press the FMS Knob to return to the Navigation Map Page.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
SAFETAXI
Option
INDEX
APPENDICES
SafeTaxi
Range
Options
Figure 8-16 MAP SETUP Menu, Aviation Group, SAFETAXI Range Options
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Additional Features
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
SafeTaxi Cycle Number and Revision
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
SafeTaxi database is revised every 56 days. SafeTaxi is always available for use after the expiration date.
When turning on the G1000, the Power-up Page indicates whether the databases are current, out of date, or not
available. The Power-up Page shows the SafeTaxi database is current when the SafeTaxi Expires date is shown in
white. When the SafeTaxi cycle has expired, the SafeTaxi Expires date appears in yellow. The message SafeTaxi:
N/A appears in white if no SafeTaxi data is available on the database card.
EICAS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
SafeTaxi Database is Current
SafeTaxi Database has Expired
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
SafeTaxi Database Not Available
INDEX
Figure 8-17 Power-up Page, SafeTaxi Database
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431
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Additional Features
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The SafeTaxi Region, Version, Cycle, Effective date and Expires date of the database cycle can also be found
on the AUX - System Status page. SafeTaxi information appears in blue and yellow text. The EFFECTIVE
date appears in blue when data is current and in yellow when the current date is before the effective date.
The EXPIRES date appears in blue when data is current and in yellow when expired (Figures 8‑18 and 8‑19).
SafeTaxi REGION NOT AVAILABLE appears in blue if SafeTaxi data is not available on the database card
(Figure 8‑19). Expired SafeTaxi data is never disabled.
Select the DBASE Softkey for scrolling through the database information. Scroll through the database with
the FMS knob or ENT Key.
EICAS
The SafeTaxi database cycle number shown in the figure, 08S1, is deciphered as follows:
08 – Indicates the year 2008
S – Indicates the data is for SafeTaxi
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
1 – Indicates the first issue of the SafeTaxi database for the year
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
The SafeTaxi EFFECTIVE date 14–FEB–08 is the beginning date for the current database cycle. SafeTaxi
EXPIRES date 10–APR–08 is the revision date for the next database cycle.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
SafeTaxi Data
DBASE Softkey
Selected
APPENDICES
Figure 8-18 AUX – System Status Page, SafeTaxi Current Information
INDEX
The SafeTaxi database is provided by Garmin. Refer to Updating Garmin Databases in Appendix B for
instructions on revising the SafeTaxi database.
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Additional Features
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The other three possible AUX - System Status page conditions are shown here. The EFFECTIVE date is the
beginning date for this database cycle. If the present date is before the effective date, the EFFECTIVE date
appears in yellow and the EXPIRES date appears in blue. The EXPIRES date is the revision date for the next
database cycle. NOT AVAILABLE indicates that SafeTaxi is not available on the database card or no database
card is inserted.
EICAS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Current Date is before Effective Date
SafeTaxi Database has Expired
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
SafeTaxi Database Not Installed
Figure 8-19 AUX – System Status Page, SafeTaxi Expired, SafeTaxi Not Available
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Additional Features
8.3 ChartView
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
ChartView resembles the paper version of Jeppesen terminal procedures charts. The charts are displayed in full
color with high-resolution. The MFD depiction shows the aircraft position on the moving map in the plan view
of approach charts and on airport diagrams. Airport Hot Spots are outlined in magenta.
The ChartView database subscription is available from Jeppesen, Inc. Available data includes:
• Arrivals (STAR)
• Airport Diagrams
• Departure Procedures (DP)
• NOTAMs
EICAS
• Approaches
ChartView Softkeys
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
ChartView functions are displayed on three levels of softkeys. While on the Navigation Map Page, Nearest
Airports Page, or Flight Plan Page, selecting the SHW CHRT Softkey displays the available terminal chart and
advances to the chart selection level of softkeys: CHRT OPT, CHRT, INFO, DP, STAR, APR, WX, NOTAM,
and GO BACK. The chart selection softkeys shown below appear on the Airport Information Page.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Selecting the GO BACK Softkey reverts to the top level softkeys and previous page.
Selecting the CHRT OPT Softkey advances to the next level of softkeys: ALL, HEADER, PLAN, PROFILE,
MINIMUMS, FIT WDTH, FULL SCN, and BACK.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
While viewing the CHRT OPT Softkeys, after 45 seconds of softkey inactivity, the system reverts to the chart
selection softkeys.
SHW CHRT
AFCS
CHRT OPT
CHRT
INFO
DP
STAR
APR
WX
NOTAM
GO BACK
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Selecting the GO BACK Softkey returns
to the top-level softkeys and previous page.
ALL
HEADER
PLAN
PROFILE
MINIMUMS FIT WDTH FULL SCN
BACK
APPENDICES
Selecting the BACK Softkey returns
to the Chart Selection Softkeys.
INDEX
Figure 8-20 ChartView SHW CHRT, Chart Selection, and Chart Option Softkeys
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Additional Features
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
ChartView Terminal Procedures Charts
Selecting Terminal Procedures Charts:
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
While viewing the Navigation Map Page, Nearest Airport Page, or Flight Plan Page, select the SHW CHRT
Softkey.
Or:
1) Press the MENU Key to display the PAGE MENU.
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to scroll through the OPTIONS Menu to Show Chart.
EICAS
3) Press the ENT Key to display the chart.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Navigation Map Page OPTIONS Menu
Waypoint Airport Information Page OPTIONS Menu
Figure 8-21 Option Menus
AFCS
When no terminal procedure chart is available for the nearest airport or the selected airport, the banner
CHART NOT AVAILABLE appears on the screen. The CHART NOT AVAILABLE banner does not refer to
the Jeppesen subscription, but rather the availability of a particular airport chart selection or procedure for a
selected airport.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Figure 8-22 Chart Not Available Banner
APPENDICES
INDEX
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435
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Additional Features
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
If there is a problem in rendering the data (such as a data error or a failure of an individual chart), the banner
UNABLE TO DISPLAY CHART is then displayed.
Figure 8-23 Unable To Display Chart Banner
EICAS
When a chart is not available by selecting the SHW CHRT Softkey or selecting a Page Menu Option, charts
may be obtained for other airports from the WPT Pages or Flight Plan Pages.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
If a chart is available for the destination airport, or the airport selected in the active flight plan, the chart
appears on the screen. When no flight plan is active, or when not flying to a direct-to destination, selecting the
SHW CHRT Softkey displays the chart for the nearest airport, if available.
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
The chart shown is one associated with the WPT – Airport Information page. Usually this is the airport runway
diagram. Where no runway diagram exists, but Take Off Minimums or Alternate Minimums are available, that
page appears. If Airport Information pages are unavailable, the Approach Chart for the airport is shown.
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Additional Features
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Selecting a chart:
1) While viewing the Navigation Map Page, Flight Plan Page, or Nearest Airports Page, select the SHW CHRT
Softkey. The airport diagram or approach chart is displayed on the Airport Information Page.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
2) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to select either the Airport Identifier Box or the Approach Box. (Select the APR Softkey
if the Approach Box is not currently shown).
4) Turn the small and large FMS Knob to enter the desired airport identifier.
EICAS
5) Press the ENT Key to complete the airport selection.
6) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the Approach Box.
7) Turn the small FMS Knob to show the approach chart selection choices.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
8) Turn either FMS Knob to scroll through the available charts.
9) Press the ENT Key to complete the chart selection.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Chart Scale
Select Desired
Approach Chart
from Menu
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Scroll Through
Entire Chart
With the
Joystick
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Figure 8-24 Approach Information Page, Chart Selection
APPENDICES
While the APPROACH Box is selected using the FMS Knob, the G1000 softkeys are blank. Once the desired
chart is selected, the chart scale can be changed and the chart page can be scrolled using the Joystick. Pressing
the Joystick centers the chart on the screen.
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Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
INDEX
The aircraft symbol is shown on the chart only if the chart is to scale and the aircraft position is within
the boundaries of the chart. The aircraft symbol is not displayed when the Aircraft Not Shown Icon appears
(Figure 8‑28). If the Chart Scale Box displays a banner NOT TO SCALE, the aircraft symbol is not shown. The
Aircraft Not Shown Icon may appear at certain times, even if the chart is displayed to scale.
437
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Additional Features
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EICAS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Selecting the CHRT Softkey switches between the ChartView diagram and the associated map in the WPT
page group. In the example shown, the CHRT Softkey switches between the DeKalb Peachtree (KPDK) Airport
Diagram and the navigation map on the WPT – Airport Information page.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Select CHRT Softkey
to Switch Between
ChartView and WPT Airport Information Page
INDEX
APPENDICES
Figure 8-25 CHRT Softkey, Airport Information Page
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Additional Features
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Selecting the INFO Softkey returns to the airport diagram when the view is on a different chart. If the
displayed chart is the airport diagram, the INFO Softkey has no effect.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The aircraft position is shown in magenta on the ChartView diagrams when the location of the aircraft is
within the chart boundaries. In the example shown, the aircraft is taxiing on Taxiway Alpha on the Charlotte,
NC (KCLT) airport.
EICAS
Another source for additional airport information is from the INFO Box above the chart for certain airports.
This information source is not related to the INFO Softkey. When the INFO Box is selected using the FMS
Knob, the G1000 softkeys are blank. The Charlotte, NC airport has five additional charts offering information;
the Airport Diagram, Take-off Minimums, Class B Airspace, Airline Parking Gate Coordinates, and Airline
Parking Gate Location. (The numbers in parentheses after the chart name are Jeppesen designators.)
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
AFCS
Figure 8-26 Airport Information Page, INFO View, Full Screen Width
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
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439
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Additional Features
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EICAS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
In the example shown in Figure 8-26, the Class B Chart is selected. Pressing the ENT Key displays the
Charlotte Class B Airspace Chart (Figure 8-27).
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure 8-27 Airport Information Page, Class B Chart Selected from INFO View
Selecting the DP Softkey displays the Departure Procedure Chart if available.
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
Chart Not
To Scale
INDEX
Aircraft Not
Shown Icon
Figure 8-28 Departure Information Page
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Additional Features
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Selecting the STAR Softkey displays the Standard Terminal Arrival Chart if available.
Chart Not
To Scale
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
EICAS
Change Range
and Scroll
Through the
Chart With the
Joystick
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Aircraft Not
Shown Icon
Figure 8-29 Arrival Information Page
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Selecting the APR Softkey displays the approach chart for the airport if available.
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
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Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
INDEX
Figure 8-30 Approach Information Page
441
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Additional Features
EICAS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Selecting the WX Softkey shows the airport weather frequency information, and includes weather data such
as METAR and TAF from the XM Data Link Receiver, when available. Weather information is available only
when an XM Data Link Receiver is installed and the XM Weather subscription is current.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
WX Info
When
Available
WX Softkey
Selected
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure 8-31 Weather Information Page
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Additional Features
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
NOTE: A subdued softkey label indicates the function is disabled.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Recent NOTAMS applicable to the current ChartView cycle are included in the ChartView database. Selecting
the NOTAM Softkey shows the local NOTAM information for selected airports, when available. When NOTAMS
are not available, the NOTAM Softkey label appears subdued and is disabled as shown in Figure 8-31. The
NOTAM Softkey may appear on the Airport Information Page and all of the chart page selections.
EICAS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
NOTAM Softkey
Appears for
Selected Airports
Figure 8-32 NOTAM Softkey Highlighted
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Additional Features
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EICAS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Local
NOTAM
on This
Airport
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
NOTAM Softkey
Selected
Figure 8-33 Airport Information Page, Local NOTAMs
Selecting the NOTAM Softkey again removes the NOTAMS information.
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Selecting the GO BACK Softkey reverts to the previous page (Navigation Map Page, Nearest Pages, or Flight
Plan Page).
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Additional Features
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Chart Options
Selecting the CHRT OPT Softkey displays the next level of softkeys, the chart options level (Figure 8-20).
Selecting the ALL Softkey shows the entire approach chart on the screen.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
EICAS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Entire Chart
Shown
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure 8-34 Approach Information Page, ALL View
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
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445
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Additional Features
EICAS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Selecting the HEADER Softkey shows the header view (approach chart briefing strip) on the screen.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Approach
Chart
Briefing Strip
Figure 8-35 Approach Information Page, Header View
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Selecting the PLAN Softkey shows the approach chart two dimensional plan view.
INDEX
APPENDICES
Approach
Chart Plan
View
Figure 8-36 Approach Information Page, Plan View
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Additional Features
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Selecting the PROFILE Softkey displays the approach chart descent profile strip.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
EICAS
Approach
Chart Descent
Profile Strip
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Figure 8-37 Approach Information Page, Profile View, Full Screen Width
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Selecting the MINIMUMS Softkey displays the minimum descent altitude/visibility strip at the bottom of the
approach chart.
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Minimum
Descent
Altitude/
Visibility Strip
APPENDICES
INDEX
Figure 8-38 Approach Information Page, Minimums View, Full Screen Width
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Additional Features
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EICAS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
If the chart scale has been adjusted to view a small area of the chart, selecting the FIT WIDTH Softkey
changes the chart size to fit the available screen width.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Select FIT WDTH
Softkey to Show
Full Chart Width
INDEX
APPENDICES
Figure 8-39 Airport Information Page, FIT WDTH Softkey Selected
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Additional Features
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Selecting the FULL SCN Softkey alternates between removing and replacing the data window to the right.
Selecting Additional Information:
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
1) While viewing the Airport Taxi Diagram, select the FULL SCN Softkey to display the information windows
(AIRPORT, INFO).
2) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the AIRPORT, INFO, RUNWAYS, or FREQUENCIES Box (INFO Box shown).
EICAS
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the INFO Box choices. If multiple choices are available, scroll to the desired
choice with the large FMS Knob and press the ENT Key to complete the selection.
5) Press the FMS Knob again to deactivate the cursor.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Available
Information
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Select FULL SCN
Softkey to Switch
Between Full Screen
Chart and Chart with
Info Window
APPENDICES
Figure 8-40 Airport Information Page, Full Screen and Info Window
INDEX
Selecting the BACK Softkey, or waiting for 45 seconds reverts to the chart selection softkeys.
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SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Additional Features
The full screen view can also be selected by using the page menu option.
Selecting full screen On or Off:
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
1) While viewing a terminal chart press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu OPTIONS.
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the Chart Setup Menu Option and press the ENT Key.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to move between the FULL SCREEN and COLOR SCHEME Options.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EICAS
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to choose between the On and Off Full Screen Options.
Chart Setup Option
Full Screen On/Off Selection
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure 8-41 Page Menus
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Additional Features
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Day/Night View
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
ChartView can be displayed on a white or black background for day or night viewing. The Day View offers
a better presentation in a bright environment. The Night View gives a better presentation for viewing in a dark
environment. When the CHART SETUP Box is selected the G1000 softkeys are blank.
Selecting Day, Night, or Automatic View:
1) While viewing a terminal chart press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu OPTIONS.
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the Chart Setup Menu Option and press the ENT Key.
EICAS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure 8-42 Waypoint Information Page, OPTIONS Menu
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to move to the COLOR SCHEME Option (Figure 8‑43).
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to choose between Day, Auto, and Night Options.
AFCS
5) If Auto Mode is selected, turn the large FMS Knob to select the percentage field. Use the small FMS Knob to
change the percentage value. The percentage value is the day/night crossover point based on the percentage of
backlighting intensity. For example, if the value is set to 15%, the day/night display changes when the display
backlight reaches 15% of full brightness.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
The display must be changed in order for the new setting to become active. This may be accomplished by
selecting another page or changing the display range.
6) Press the FMS Knob when finished to remove the Chart Setup Menu.
APPENDICES
INDEX
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451
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EICAS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Additional Features
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure 8-43 Arrival Information Page, Day View
INDEX
Figure 8-44 Arrival Information Page, Night View
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Additional Features
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
ChartView Cycle Number and Expiration Date
Power-up Page Display
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The ChartView database is revised every 14 days. Charts are still viewable during a period that extends from
the cycle expiration date to the disables date. ChartView is disabled 70 days after the expiration date and is no
longer available for viewing upon reaching the disables date. When turning on the G1000, the Power-up Page
indicates any of nine different possible criteria for ChartView availability. See the table below for the various
ChartView Power-up Page displays and the definition of each.
EICAS
Definition
Blank Line. G1000 system is not configured for ChartView. Contact
a Garmin-authorized service center for configuration.
System is configured for ChartView but no chart database is
installed. Contact Jeppesen for a ChartView database.
Normal operation. ChartView database is valid and within current
cycle.
ChartView database is within 1 week after expiration date. A new
cycle is available for update.
ChartView database is beyond 1 week after expiration date, but still
within the 70 day viewing period.
ChartView database has timed out. Database is beyond 70 days
after expiration date. ChartView database is no longer available for
viewing.
System time is not available. GPS satellite data is unknown or
G1000 has not yet locked onto satellites. Check database cycle
number for effectivity.
System is verifying chart database when new cycle is installed for the
first time.
After verifying, chart database is found to be corrupt. ChartView is
not available.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
AFCS
Table 8-1 ChartView Power-up Page Annunciations and Definitions
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
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453
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Additional Features
ChartView Database is
Current and Available
Chart Cycle has Expired,
Next Cycle is Available
Chart Cycle has Expired but is Still Viewable
for 70 Days from Expiration Date
Chart Cycle is No
Longer Viewable
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EICAS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Examples of four possible Power-up Page conditions are shown here. ChartView Disables plus a date in
white, indicates chart data is current. This indication for normal operation shows how long the charts may be
viewed. Chart data update available. in white, indicates the chart data cycle has expired within the past week
and the next chart cycle is available. Chart data is out of date! in yellow, indicates charts are still viewable, but
approaching the disable date. Chart data is disabled. in yellow, indicates the chart cycle has been disabled and
is no longer viewable.
Figure 8-45 Examples of Power-up Page, ChartView Database
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Additional Features
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
NOTE: A subdued softkey label indicates the function is disabled.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The ChartView time critical information can also be found on the AUX - System Status page. The database
CYCLE number, EXPIRES, and DISABLES dates of the ChartView subscription appear in either blue or yellow
text. When the ChartView EXPIRES date is reached, ChartView becomes inoperative 70 days later. This is
shown as the DISABLES date. When the DISABLES date is reached, charts are no longer available for viewing.
The SHW CHRT Softkey label then appears subdued and is disabled until a revised issue of ChartView is
installed.
EICAS
Select the DBASE Softkey for scrolling through the database information. Scroll through the database with
the FMS knob or ENT Key.
The ChartView database cycle number shown in the figure, 0722, is deciphered as follows:
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
07 – Indicates the year 2007
22 – Indicates the 22nd issue of the ChartView database for the year
The EXPIRES date 15–NOV–07 is the date that this database should be replaced with the next issue.
The DISABLES date 24–JAN–08 is the date that this database becomes inoperative.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
AFCS
ChartView
Data
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
DBASE Softkey
Selected
Figure 8-46 AUX – System Status Page, ChartView Current and Available
The ChartView database is provided directly from Jeppesen. Refer to Updating Jeppesen Databases in
Appendix B for instructions on revising the ChartView database.
INDEX
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455
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Additional Features
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EICAS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The other three possible AUX - System Status page conditions are shown here. The EXPIRES date, in yellow,
is the revision date for the next database cycle. The DISABLES date, in yellow, is the date that this database
cycle is no longer viewable. REGION and CYCLE NOT AVAILABLE in blue, indicate that no ChartView data is
available on the database card or no database card is inserted.
ChartView Database is Disabled
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
ChartView Database has Expired, but is not Disabled
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
System is
Configured for
ChartView but
Database is not
Available
ChartView Database is Not Available
INDEX
Figure 8-47 AUX – System Status Page, ChartView Expired, ChartView Disabled, ChartView Not Available
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Additional Features
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
8.4 FliteCharts
• Departure Procedures (DP)
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
FliteCharts resemble the paper version of National Aeronautical Charting Office (NACO) terminal procedures
charts. The charts are displayed with high-resolution and in color for applicable charts. FliteCharts database
subscription is available from Garmin. Available data includes:
• Arrivals (STAR)
• Approaches
• Airport Diagrams
EICAS
FliteCharts Softkeys
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FliteCharts functions are displayed on three levels of softkeys. While on the Navigation Map Page, Nearest
Airports Page, or Flight Plan Page, selecting the SHW CHRT Softkey displays the available terminal chart and
advances to the chart selection level of softkeys: CHRT OPT, CHRT, INFO, DP, STAR, APR, WX, and
GO BACK. The chart selection softkeys appear on the Airport Information Page.
Selecting the GO BACK Softkey reverts to the top level softkeys and previous page.
Selecting the CHRT OPT Softkey displays the available terminal chart and advances to the next level of
softkeys: ALL, FIT WDTH, FULL SCN, and BACK.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
While viewing the CHRT OPT Softkeys, after 45 seconds of softkey inactivity, the system reverts to the chart
selection softkeys.
NOTAMs are not available with FliteCharts. The NOTAM Softkey label appears subdued and is disabled.
CHRT OPT
CHRT
INFO
DP
STAR
WX
APR
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
SHW CHRT
GO BACK
AFCS
Selecting the GO BACK Softkey returns
to the top-level softkeys and previous page.
FIT WDTH
FULL SCN
BACK
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
ALL
Selecting the BACK Softkey returns
to the Chart Selection Softkeys.
APPENDICES
Figure 8-48 FliteCharts SHW CHRT, Chart Selection, and Chart Option Softkeys
INDEX
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457
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Additional Features
FliteCharts Terminal Procedures Charts
Selecting Terminal Procedures Charts:
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
While viewing the Navigation Map Page, Nearest Airport Page, or Flight Plan Page, select the SHW CHRT
Softkey.
Or:
1) Press the MENU Key to display the PAGE MENU.
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to scroll through the OPTIONS Menu to Show Chart.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EICAS
3) Press the ENT Key to display the chart.
Navigation Map Page OPTIONS Menu
Waypoint Airport Information Page OPTIONS Menu
Figure 8-49 Option Menus
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
When no terminal procedure chart is available, the banner CHART NOT AVAILABLE appears on the screen.
The CHART NOT AVAILABLE banner does not refer to the FliteCharts subscription, but rather the availability
of a particular airport chart selection or procedure for a selected airport.
INDEX
APPENDICES
Figure 8-50 Chart Not Available Banner
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Additional Features
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
If there is a problem in rendering the data (such as a data error or a failure of an individual chart), the banner
UNABLE TO DISPLAY CHART is then displayed.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Figure 8-51 Unable To Display Chart Banner
EICAS
When a chart is not available by selecting the SHW CHRT Softkey or selecting a Page Menu Option, charts
may be obtained for other airports from the WPT Pages or Flight Plan Pages.
If a chart is available for the destination airport, or the airport selected in the active flight plan, the chart
appears on the screen. When no flight plan is active, or when not flying to a direct-to destination, selecting the
SHW CHRT Softkey displays the chart for the nearest airport, if available.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
The chart shown is one associated with the WPT – Airport Information page. Usually this is the airport runway
diagram. Where no runway diagram exists, but Take Off Minimums or Alternate Minimums are available, that
page appears. If Airport Information pages are unavailable, the Approach Chart for the airport is shown.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
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459
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Selecting a chart:
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Additional Features
2) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
1) While viewing the Navigation Map Page, Flight Plan Page, or Nearest Airports Page, select the SHW CHRT
Softkey. The airport diagram or approach chart is displayed on the Airport Information Page.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to select either the Airport Identifier Box or the Approach Box. (Select the APR Softkey
if the Approach Box is not currently shown).
4) Turn the small and large FMS Knob to enter the desired airport identifier.
EICAS
5) Press the ENT Key to complete the airport selection.
6) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the Approach Box.
7) Turn the small FMS Knob to show the approach chart selection choices.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
8) Turn either FMS Knob to scroll through the available charts.
9) Press the ENT Key to complete the chart selection.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Chart Not
To Scale
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Select Desired
Approach Chart
from Menu
AFCS
Pan Entire
Chart With
the Joystick
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Aircraft Not
Shown Icon
Figure 8-52 Approach Information Page, Chart Selection
APPENDICES
While the APPROACH Box is selected using the FMS Knob, the G1000 softkeys are blank. Once the desired
chart is selected, the chart scale can be changed and the chart can be panned using the Joystick. Pressing the
Joystick centers the chart on the screen.
INDEX
The aircraft symbol is not shown on FliteCharts. The Chart Scale Box displays a banner NOT TO SCALE, and
the Aircraft Not Shown Icon is displayed in the lower right corner of the screen.
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Additional Features
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Selecting the CHRT Softkey switches between the FliteCharts diagram and the associated map in the WPT
page group. In the example shown, the CHRT Softkey switches between the Charlotte, NC (KCLT) Airport
Diagram and the navigation map on the WPT – Airport Information page.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
EICAS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Select CHRT Softkey
to Switch Between
FliteCharts and WPT Airport Information Page
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Figure 8-53 CHRT Softkey, Airport Information Page
APPENDICES
INDEX
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461
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Additional Features
Selecting the INFO Softkey returns to the airport diagram when the view is on a different chart. If the
displayed chart is the airport diagram, the INFO Softkey has no effect.
EICAS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Another source for additional airport information is from the INFO Box above the chart (Figure 8-53) or to
the right of the chart (Figure 8-54) for certain airports. This information source is not related to the INFO
Softkey. When the INFO Box is selected using the FMS Knob, the G1000 softkeys are blank. The DeKalb
Peachtree Airport has three additional charts offering information; the Airport Diagram, Alternate Minimums,
and Take-off Minimums.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Info Box
Selected
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
Figure 8-54 Airport Information Page, INFO View with Airport Information
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Additional Features
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
In the example shown in Figure 8-54, ALTERNATE MINIMUMS is selected. Pressing the ENT Key displays
the IFR Alternate Minimums Chart (Figure 8-55).
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
EICAS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Figure 8-55 Airport Information Page, ALTERNATE MINIMUMS Selected from INFO View
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Selecting the DP Softkey displays the Departure Procedure Chart if available.
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
Figure 8-56 Departure Information Page
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463
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Additional Features
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EICAS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Selecting the STAR Softkey displays the Standard Terminal Arrival Chart if available.
Figure 8-57 Arrival Information Page
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Selecting the APR Softkey displays the approach chart for the airport if available.
INDEX
Figure 8-58 Approach Information Page
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Additional Features
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Selecting the WX Softkey shows the airport weather frequency information, when available, and includes
weather data such as METAR and TAF from the XM Data Link Receiver. Weather information is available only
when an XM Data Link Receiver is installed and the XM Weather subscription is current.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Selecting Additional Information:
1) While viewing the Airport Taxi Diagram, select the WX Softkey to display the information windows (AIRPORT,
INFO).
2) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the INFO Box.
EICAS
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the INFO Box choices. When the INFO Box is selected the G1000 softkeys
are blank. If multiple choices are available, scroll to the desired choice with the large FMS Knob and press the
ENT Key to complete the selection.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
5) Press the FMS Knob again to deactivate the cursor.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Info Available
on This
Airport
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
WX Info
When
Available
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Figure 8-59 Weather Information Page, WX Softkey Selected
Chart Not
To Scale
Softkeys are
Blank during
Info Box
Selection
WX Softkey
Selected
APPENDICES
Selecting the GO BACK Softkey reverts to the previous page (Navigation Map Page or Flight Plan Page).
INDEX
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465
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Additional Features
Chart Options
Selecting the CHRT OPT Softkey displays the next level of softkeys, the chart options level (Figure 8‑48).
EICAS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Selecting the ALL Softkey shows the entire chart on the screen.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Entire Chart
Shown
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
Figure 8-60 Airport Information Page, ALL View Selected
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Additional Features
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Selecting the FIT WIDTH Softkey fits the width of the chart in the display viewing area. In the example
shown, the chart at close range is replaced with the full width chart.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
EICAS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Select FIT WDTH
Softkey to Show
Full Chart Width
Figure 8-61 Approach Information Page, FIT WDTH Softkey Selected
APPENDICES
INDEX
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467
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Additional Features
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EICAS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Selecting the FULL SCN Softkey alternates between removing and replacing the data window to the right.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Select FULL SCN
Softkey to Switch
Between Full Screen
Chart and Chart With
Info Window
Figure 8-62 Airport Information Page, Full Screen and Info Window
INDEX
APPENDICES
Selecting the BACK Softkey, or waiting for 45 seconds reverts to the chart selection softkeys.
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Additional Features
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
The full screen view can also be selected by using the page menu option.
Selecting full screen On or Off:
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
1) While viewing a terminal chart press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu OPTIONS.
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the Chart Setup Menu Option and press the ENT Key.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to move between the FULL SCREEN and COLOR SCHEME Options.
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to choose between the On and Off Full Screen Options.
EICAS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Chart Setup Option
Full Screen On/Off Selection
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure 8-63 Page Menus
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
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469
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Additional Features
Day/Night View
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
FliteCharts can be displayed on a white or black background for day or night viewing. The Day View offers
a better presentation in a bright environment. The Night View gives a better presentation for viewing in a dark
environment. When the CHART SETUP Box is selected the G1000 softkeys are blank.
Selecting Day, Night, or Automatic View:
1) While viewing a terminal chart press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu OPTIONS.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EICAS
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the Chart Setup Menu Option and press the ENT Key.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure 8-64 Waypoint Information Page, OPTIONS Menu
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to move to the COLOR SCHEME Option (Figure 8‑65).
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to choose between Day, Auto, and Night Options.
AFCS
5) If Auto Mode is selected, turn the large FMS Knob to select the percentage field. Use the small FMS Knob to
change the percentage value. The percentage value is the day/night crossover point based on the percentage of
backlighting intensity. For example, if the value is set to 15%, the day/night display changes when the display
backlight reaches 15% of full brightness.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
The display must be changed in order for the new setting to become active. This may be accomplished by
selecting another page or changing the display range.
INDEX
APPENDICES
6) Press the FMS Knob when finished to remove the Chart Setup Menu.
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Additional Features
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
EICAS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Figure 8-65 Approach Information Page, Day View
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
Figure 8-66 Approach Information Page, Night View
INDEX
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Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
471
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Additional Features
FliteCharts Cycle Number and Expiration Date
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
FliteCharts data is revised every 28 days. Charts are still viewable during a period that extends from the
cycle expiration date to the disables date. FliteCharts is disabled 180 days after the expiration date and are
no longer available for viewing upon reaching the disables date. When turning on the G1000, the Power-up
Page indicates any of five different possible criteria for chart availability. These indications are whether the
databases are not configured, not available, current, out of date, or disabled. See the table below for the various
FliteCharts Power-up Page displays and the definition of each.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EICAS
Power-up Page Display
Definition
Blank Line. G1000 system is not configured for FliteCharts. Contact
a Garmin-authorized service center for configuration.
System is configured for FliteCharts but no chart database is
installed. Refer to Updating Garmin Databases in Appendix B for the
FliteCharts database
Normal operation. FliteCharts database is valid and within current
cycle.
FliteCharts database is beyond the expiration date, but still within
the 180 day viewing period.
FliteCharts database has timed out. Database is beyond 180 days
after expiration date. FliteCharts database is no longer available for
viewing.
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
Table 8-2 FliteCharts Power-up Page Annunciations and Definitions
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Additional Features
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Examples of four possible Power-up Page messages are shown here. FliteCharts Expires plus a date in white,
indicates the chart database is current. Chart data is out of date! in yellow, indicates charts are still viewable,
but approaching the disable date.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
When the 180 day grace period has expired, Chart data is disabled. in yellow indicates that the FliteCharts
database has expired and is no longer viewable. Chart Data: N/A appears in white if no FliteCharts data is
available on the database card or no database card is inserted.
EICAS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
FliteCharts Database is Disabled
FliteCharts Database is Not Available
AFCS
FliteCharts Database is
Expired but Still Available
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FliteCharts Database is Current
and Available
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
Figure 8-67 FliteCharts Power-up Page Messages
190-00494-02 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
473
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Additional Features
NOTE: A subdued softkey label indicates the function is disabled.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
FliteCharts time critical information can also be found on the AUX - System Status page. The FliteCharts
database REGION, CYCLE number, EFFECTIVE, EXPIRES, and DISABLES dates of the subscription appear in
either blue or yellow text. Dates shown in blue are current data. Dates shown in yellow indicate the data is not
within the current subscription period.
EICAS
FliteCharts becomes inoperative 180 days after the FliteCharts EXPIRES date is reached, and is no longer
available for viewing. This date is shown as the DISABLES date. After the disable date the SHW CHRT Softkey
label appears subdued and is unavailable until a revised issue of FliteCharts is installed.
Select the DBASE Softkey for scrolling through the database information. Scroll through the database with
the FMS knob or ENT Key.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
The FliteCharts database cycle number shown in the figure, 0707, is deciphered as follows:
07 – The first 07 indicates the year 2007
07 – The second 07 indicates the seventh issue of the FliteCharts database for the year
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
The FliteCharts EFFECTIVE date 05–JUL–07 is the first date that this database is current.
The FliteCharts EXPIRES date 02–AUG–07 is the last date that this database is current.
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
The DISABLES date 29–JAN–08 is the date that this database becomes inoperative.
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
FliteCharts
Data
DBASE Softkey
Selected
Figure 8-68 AUX – System Status Page, FliteCharts Current and Available
INDEX
The FliteCharts database is provided from Garmin. Refer to Updating Garmin Databases in Appendix B for
instructions on revising the FliteCharts database.
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Additional Features
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
The other three possible AUX - System Status page conditions are shown here. The EXPIRES date, in yellow,
is the revision date for the next database cycle. The DISABLES date, in yellow, is the date that this database
cycle is no longer viewable. REGION and CYCLE NOT AVAILABLE in blue, indicate that FliteCharts database
is not available on the database card or no database card is inserted.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
EICAS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
FliteCharts Database has Expired, but is not Disabled
FliteCharts Database is Disabled
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
System is
Configured for
FliteCharts but
Database is not
Installed
APPENDICES
FliteCharts Database is Not Available
190-00494-02 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
INDEX
Figure 8-69 AUX – System Status Page, FliteCharts Expired,
FliteCharts Disabled, FliteCharts Not Available
475
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Additional Features
8.5 XM Radio Entertainment
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Note: Refer to the Hazard Avoidance Section for information about XM Weather products.
The optional XM Radio entertainment feature of the GDL 69A Data Link Receiver is available for the passengers’
enjoyment. The GDL 69A can receive XM Satellite Radio® entertainment services at any altitude throughout the
Continental U.S.
EICAS
XM Satellite Radio offers a variety of radio programming over long distances without having to constantly
search for new stations. Based on signals from satellites, coverage far exceeds land-based transmissions.
XM Satellite Radio services are subscription-based. For more information on specific service packages, visit
www.xmradio.com.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Activating XM Satellite Radio Services
The service is activated by providing XM Satellite Radio with either one or two coded IDs, depending on the
equipment. Either the Audio Radio ID or the Data Radio ID, or both, must be provided to XM Satellite Radio
to activate the entertainment subscription.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
It is not required to activate both the entertainment and weather service subscriptions with the GDL 69A.
Either or both services can be activated. XM Satellite Radio uses one or both of the coded IDs to send an
activation signal that, when received by the GDL 69A, allows it to play entertainment programming.
These IDs are located:
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
• On the label on the back of the Data Link Receiver
• On the XM Information Page on the MFD (Figure 8-70)
• On the XM Satellite Radio Activation Instructions included with the unit (available at www.garmin.com, P/N
190-00355-04)
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
Contact the installer if the Data Radio ID and the Audio Radio ID cannot be located.
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Additional Features
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
NOTE: The LOCK Softkey on the XM Information Page (AUX Page Group) is used to save GDL 69A activation
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
data when the XM services are initially set up. It is not used during normal XM Radio operation, but there
should be no adverse effects if inadvertently selected during flight. Refer to the GDL 69/69A XM Satellite
Radio Activation Instructions (190-00355-04, Rev F or later) for further information.
Activating the XM Satellite Radio services:
EICAS
1) Contact XM WX Satellite Radio through the email address listed on their website (www.xmradio.com) or by the
customer service phone number listed on the website. Follow the instructions provided by XM Satellite Radio
services.
2) Select the AUX Page Group.
3) Select the next to last page in the AUX Page Group.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
4) Select the INFO Softkey to display the XM Information Page.
5) Verify that the desired services are activated.
6) Select the LOCK Softkey.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
7) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight YES.
8) To complete activation, press the ENT Key.
Data
Radio ID
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Audio
Radio ID
AFCS
Weather
Products
Window
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
RADIO
and INFO
Softkeys
APPENDICES
LOCK Softkey
is Used to Save
Activation Data
During Initial
Setup
Figure 8-70 XM Information Page
190-00494-02 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
INDEX
If XM weather services have not been activated, all the weather product boxes are blank on the XM Information
Page and a yellow Activation Required message is displayed in the center of the Weather Data Link Page (Map
Page Group). The Service Class refers to the groupings of weather products available for subscription.
477
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Additional Features
Using XM Radio
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The XM Radio Page provides information and control of the audio entertainment features of the XM Satellite
Radio.
Selecting the XM Radio Page:
1) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the AUX Page Group.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the displayed AUX - XM Information Page.
EICAS
3) Select the RADIO Softkey to show the XM Radio Page where audio entertainment is controlled.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Active
Channels
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Channel
List
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Categories
Field
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Figure 8-71 XM Radio Page
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Additional Features
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Active Channel and Channel List
The Active Channel Box on the XM Radio Page displays the currently selected channel that the XM Radio
is using.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The Channels List Box of the XM Radio Page shows a list of the available channels for the selected category.
Channels can be stepped through one at a time or may be selected directly by channel number.
Selecting a channel from the channel list:
1) While on the XM Radio Page, select the CHNL Softkey.
EICAS
2) Select the CH + Softkey to go up through the list in the Channel Box, or move down the list with the
CH – Softkey.
Or:
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
1) Press the FMS Knob to highlight the channel list and turn the large FMS Knob to scroll through the channels.
2) Press the ENT Key to activate the selected channel.
Selecting a channel directly:
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
1) While on the XM Radio Page, select the CHNL Softkey.
2) Select the DIR CH Softkey. The channel number in the Active Channel Box is highlighted.
3) Select the numbered softkeys located on the bottom of the display to directly select the desired channel
number.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
4) Press the ENT Key to activate the selected channel.
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
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479
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Additional Features
Category
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The Category Box of the XM Radio Page displays the currently selected category of audio. Categories of
channels such as jazz, rock, or news can be selected to list the available channels for a type of music or other
contents. One of the optional categories is PRESETS to view channels that have been programmed.
Selecting a category:
1) Select the CATGRY Softkey on the XM Radio Page.
2) Select the CAT + and CAT - Softkeys to cycle through the categories.
EICAS
Or:
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Turn the small FMS Knob to display the Categories list. Highlight the desired category with the small FMS Knob
and press the ENT Key. Selecting All Categories places all channels in the list.
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
Figure 8-72 Categories List
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Additional Features
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Presets
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Up to 15 channels from any category can be assigned a preset number. The preset channels are selected by
selecting the PRESETS and MORE Softkeys. Then the preset channel can be selected directly and added to
the channel list for the Presets category.
Setting a preset channel number:
1) On the XM Radio Page, while listening to an Active Channel that is wanted for a preset, select the PRESETS
Softkey to access the first five preset channels (PS1 - PS5).
EICAS
2) Select the MORE Softkey to access the next five channels (PS6 – PS10), and again to access the last five
channels (PS11 – PS15). Selecting the MORE Softkey repeatedly cycles through the preset channels.
3) Select any one of the (PS1 - PS15) softkeys to assign a number to the active channel.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
4) Select the SET Softkey on the desired channel number to save the channel as a preset.
Select PRESETS to
Access the Preset
Channels Softkeys
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Select MORE to Cycle
Through the Preset
Channels
Select SET
to Save Each
Preset Channel
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure 8-73 Accessing and Selecting XM Preset Channels
Selecting the BACK Softkey, or waiting during 45 seconds of softkey inactivity, returns the system to the top
level softkeys.
Volume
AFCS
Radio volume is controlled at each passenger station.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
190-00494-02 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
481
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Additional Features
8.6 Scheduler
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EICAS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The Scheduler feature can be used to enter and display reminder messages (e.g., Hot Section Inspection or
Phase 1 Maintenance Check) in the Messages Window on the PFD. Messages can be set to display based on a
specific date and time (event), once the message timer reaches zero (one-time; default setting), or recurrently
whenever the message timer reaches zero (periodic). Message timers set to periodic alerting automatically reset
to the original timer value once the message is displayed. When power is cycled, all messages are retained until
deleted, and message timer countdown is resumed.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Figure 8-74 Scheduler (Utility Page)
Entering a scheduler message:
1) Select the AUX - Utility Page.
2) Press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
AFCS
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the first empty scheduler message naming field.
4) Use the FMS Knob to enter the message text to be displayed in the Messages Window and press the ENT
Key.
5) Press the ENT Key again or use the large FMS Knob to move the cursor to the field next to Type.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
6) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the message type:
• Event—Message issued at the specified date/time
• One-time—Message issued when the message timer reaches zero (default setting)
APPENDICES
• Periodic—Message issued each time the message timer reaches zero
7) Press the ENT Key again or use the large FMS Knob to move the cursor to the next field.
INDEX
8) For periodic and one-time message, use the FMS Knob to enter the timer value (HH:MM:SS) from which to
countdown and press the ENT Key.
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Additional Features
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
9) For event-based messages:
a) Use the FMS Knob to enter the desired date (DD-MM-YY) and press the ENT Key.
b) Press the ENT Key again or use the large FMS Knob to move the cursor to the next field.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
c) Use the FMS Knob to enter the desired time (HH:MM) and press the ENT Key.
10) Press the ENT Key again or use the large FMS Knob to move the cursor to enter the next message.
Deleting a scheduler message:
1) Select the AUX - Utility Page.
EICAS
2) Press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the name field of the scheduler message to be deleted.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
4) Press the CLR Key to clear the message text. If the CLR Key is pressed again, the message is restored.
5) Press the ENT Key while the message line is cleared to clear the message text.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Scheduler messages appear in the Messages Window on the PFD. When a scheduler message is waiting,
the MSG Softkey label flashes. Pressing the MSG Softkey opens the Messages Window and acknowledges the
scheduler message. Pressing the MSG Softkey again removes the Messages Window from the display, and the
scheduler message is deleted from the message queue.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Figure 8-75 PFD Messages Window
APPENDICES
INDEX
190-00494-02 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
483
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Additional Features
8.7 Abnormal Operation
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
SVS Troubleshooting
SVS is intended to be used with traditional attitude, heading, obstacle, terrain, and traffic inputs. SVS is
disabled when valid attitude or heading data is not available for the display. In case of invalid SVS data, the PFD
display reverts to the standard blue-over-brown attitude display.
SVS becomes disabled without the following data resources:
EICAS
• Attitude data
• Heading data
• GPS position data
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
• 9 Arc-second Terrain data
• Obstacle data
• TAWS function is not available, in test mode, or failed
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
• The position of the aircraft exceeds the range of the terrain database.
Reversionary Mode
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
SVS can be displayed on the Multifunction Display (MFD) in Reversionary Mode. If it is enabled when switching
to Reversionary Mode, SVS will take up to 30 seconds to be displayed. The standard, non-SVS PFD display will
be shown in the interim.
Figure 8-76 SVS Reversionary Mode
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190-00494-02 Rev. B
Additional Features
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Unusual Attitudes
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Unusual attitudes are displayed with red chevrons overlaid on the display indicating the direction to fly to
correct the unusual attitude condition. The display shows either a brown or blue colored bar at the top or
bottom of the screen to represent earth or sky. This is intended to prevent losing sight of the horizon during
extreme pitch attitudes.
EICAS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Figure 8-77 Unusual Attitude Display
The blue colored bar is also displayed when terrain gradient is great enough to completely fill the display.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Blue Band
AFCS
Terrain
Completely
Fills Display
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Figure 8-78 Blue Sky Bar with Full Display Terrain
APPENDICES
INDEX
190-00494-02 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
485
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Additional Features
GDL 69/69A Data Link Receiver Troubleshooting
Some quick troubleshooting steps listed below can be performed to find the possible cause of a failure.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
• Ensure the owner/operator of the aircraft in which the Data Link Receiver is installed has subscribed to XM
• Ensure the XM subscription has been activated
• Perform a quick check of the circuit breakers to ensure that power is applied to the Data Link Receiver
EICAS
For troubleshooting purposes, check the LRU Information Box on the AUX - System Status Page for Data Link
Receiver (GDL 69/69A) status, serial number, and software version number. If a failure has been detected in the
GDL 69/69A the status is marked with a red X.
Selecting the System Status Page:
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
1) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the AUX Page Group.
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the System Status Page (the last page in the AUX Page Group).
INDEX
Figure 8-79 LRU Information Window on System Status Page
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Additional Features
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
If a failure still exists, the following messages may provide insight as to the possible problem:
NO SIGNAL
LOADING
OFF AIR
---
Message Location
XM Radio Page - active channel field
XM Radio Page - active channel field
XM Radio Page - active channel field
Weather Datalink Page - center of page
XM Radio Page - active channel field
XM Radio Page - active channel field
XM Radio Page - active channel field
Description
Data Link Receiver antenna error; service required
Data Link Receiver updating encryption code
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Message
CHECK ANTENNA
UPDATING
Loss of signal; signal strength too low for receiver
EICAS
Acquiring channel audio or information
Channel not in service
Missing channel information
No communication from Data Link Receiver
WEATHER DATA LINK FAILURE Weather Datalink Page - center of page
within last 5 minutes
ACTIVATION REQUIRED
Weather Datalink Page - center of page XM subscription is not activated
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Table 8-3 GDL 69/69A Data Link Receiver Error Messages
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
INDEX
190-00494-02 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
487
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EICAS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Additional Features
Blank Page
488
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
190-00494-02 Rev. B
Appendix A
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Annunciations and Alerts
CAS Messages
Inhibits
CABIN ALT
ENGINE FAIL L-R*
FUEL BOOST L-R*
FUEL FLTR BP L-R*
GEN OFF L-R
GEN OFF L-R*
HYD PRESS LO
HYD PUMP ON
NOSE DOOR L-R*
STALL WARN FAIL
T2 HTR FAIL L-R*
TAIL CONE BLD LK
X
X
X
X X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
*Only affected side displayed (L, R, or L-R) in a CAS message; applicable CAS messages listed here display L-R for example.
190-00494-02 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
489
INDEX
TAIL DE-ICE FAIL
W/S A/I FAIL L-R*
W/S O’HEAT L-R*
WING DE-ICE FAIL
WOW MISCOMPARE
X X X
X
X
APPENDICES
STALL WARN HTR
X
X
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
OXYGEN OFF
P/S HTR L-R*
PRESS CTRL
X
X
AFCS
OIL PRESS LO L-R*
X
X
X
X
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FUEL LVL LO L-R*
FUEL PRES LO L-R*
Tailcone baggage door not fully secured
Start control circuit breaker (located in aft j-box) tripped
Current limiter blown (located in aft j-box)
Antiskid Control Unit cannot perform anti-skid functions
Overheated NiCad battery (optional)
Battery temperature sensor failure
CABIN ALT
Cabin altitude potentially unsafe
Cabin door not fully secured
A door monitor has not been properly tested or has failed
Duct temperature too high or sensor disconnected
ENG A/I COLD L-R* Engine anti-ice system ON and inlet temperature is cold
FADEC has a fault that requires maintenance
An engine has failed
Fuel firewall shutoff valve fully closed
A flap system failure has occurred.
Electric fuel boost pump ON. Caution condition is displayed
FUEL BOOST L-R*
when the boost pump is operating in abnormal conditions.
Engine fuel filter impending bypass switch closed
FUEL LO INOP L-R* Fuel low level function failure
Fuel level in tank is too low
Fuel pressure too low
FUEL TRANSFER Fuel transfer valve open
One or both electrical generators offline
Hydraulic system pressure too low
Hydraulic pump running too long
One or both nose baggage doors not fully secured
MFD COLD
MFD temperature is below -20° C
NO TIRE SPINDOWN Antiskid control spindown function not working
Oil pressure less than redline low limit
Oxygen supply off
No current detected to pitot static heater
PRESS CTRL
Pressure controller loss of integrity
PRESS OFF
Air Source Selector switch in OFF or fresh air position
SPD BRK EXTEND Speed brakes extended
Failure detected in stall warning system
STALL WARN HI Stall warning system on ice-contaminated schedule
No power delivered to stall warning vane heater
SURFACE DE-ICE De-ice boots inflating/deflating as designed
T2 probe heater failure
Tailcone temp high, possible bleed air leak.
De-ice system not operating normally
W/S A/I FAIL L-R* Loss of power to windshield heater
W/S O’HEAT L-R* Windshield anti-ice power ON; temperature too high
De-ice system operating abnormally
Gear on-ground inputs do not agree
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
F/W SHUTOFF L-R*
FLAPS FAIL
Description
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
AFT DOOR
AFT JBOX CB L-R*
AFT JBOX LMT L-R*
ANTISKID FAIL
BATTERY O’TEMP
BATT TEMP FAIL
CABIN ALT
CABIN DOOR
CHECK DOORS
DUCT O’HEAT L-R*
ENG A/I COLD L-R*
ENG CTRL SYS L-R*
Advisory
EICAS
BATTERY O’TEMP
Caution
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Warning
ESI
TOPI
AIR
LOPI
ESDI
EMER
GND
Messages
EICAS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Appendix A
Name
Inhibit
EMER
ESI
TOPI
AIR
LOPI
ESDI
GND
Emergency Bus Mode Inhibit
Engine Start Inhibit
Takeoff Operation Phase Inhibit
In-Air Inhibit
Landing Operation Phase Inhibit
Engine Shutdown Inhibit
On-Ground Inhibit
Red annunciation window text signifies warnings; yellow, cautions; and white, annunciation advisories. See
the Airplane Flight Manual (AFM) for recommended pilot actions.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Comparator Annunciations
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
The Comparator monitors critical values generated by redundant sensors. If differences in the sensors
exceed a specified amount, this discrepency will be annunciated in the Comparator Window as a ‘MISCOMP’
(miscompare) as seen in Figure A-1. If one or both of the sensed values are unavailable, it will be annunciated
as a ‘NO COMP’ (no compare). The following is a list of the possible annunciations:
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Comparator
Window
AFCS
Figure A-1 Sensor Comparator Window
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Comparator Window Text
Condition
Difference in altitude sensors is > 200 ft.
ALT MISCOMP
If both airspeed sensors detect < 35 kts, this is inhibited.
IAS MISCOMP
If either airspeed sensor detects > 35 kts, and the difference in sensors is > 10 kts.
If either airspeed sensor detects > 80 kts, and the difference in sensors is > 7 kts.
HDG MISCOMP
Difference in heading sensors is > 6º.
PIT MISCOMP
Difference in pitch sensors is > 5º.
ROL MISCOMP
Difference in roll sensors is > 6º.
ALT NO COMP
No data from one or both altitude sensors.
IAS NO COMP
No data from one or both airspeed sensors.
HDG NO COMP
No data from one or both heading sensors.
PIT NO COMP
No data from one or both pitch sensors.
ROL NO COMP
No data from one or both roll sensors..
490
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
190-00494-02 Rev. B
Appendix A
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Reversionary Sensor Annunciations
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Reversionary sensor selection is annunciated in the Reversionary Sensor Window, as shown in Figure A-2.
These annunciations reflect reversionary sensors selected on one or both PFDs. Pressing the SENSOR Softkey
gives access to ADC1, ADC2, AHRS1, and AHRS2 Softkeys. These softkeys allow manual switching of sensors. In
the case of certain types of sensor failures, the G1000 may make some sensor selections automatically. The GPS
sensor cannot be switched manually.
EICAS
Reversionary
Sensor
Window
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Figure A-2 Reversionary Sensor Windows
Condition
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Both PFDs are displaying data from the #1 Air Data Computer.
Both PFDs are displaying data from the #2 Air Data Computer.
Both PFDs are displaying data from the #1 AHRS.
Both PFDs are displaying data from the #2 AHRS.
Both PFDs are displaying data from the #1 GPS receiver.
Both PFDs are displaying data from the #2 GPS receiver.
PFD2 is displaying data from the #1 Air Data Computer.
PFD1 is displaying data from the #2 Air Data Computer.
PFD2 is displaying data from the #1 AHRS.
PFD1 is displaying data from the #2 AHRS.
PFD2 is displaying data from the #1 GPS.
PFD1 is displaying data from the #2 GPS.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
AFCS
Reversionary Sensor
Window Text
BOTH ON ADC1
BOTH ON ADC2
BOTH ON AHRS1
BOTH ON AHRS2
BOTH ON GPS1
BOTH ON GPS2
USING ADC1
USING ADC2
USING AHRS1
USING AHRS2
USING GPS1
USING GPS2
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
G1000 System Annunciations
APPENDICES
When a new message is issued, the MSG Softkey will flash to alert the flight crew of a new message. It
will continue to flash until acknowledged by pressing the softkey. Active messages are displayed in white
text. Messages that have become inactive will change to gray text. The MSG Softkey will flash if the state of
a displayed message changes or a new message is displayed. The inactive messages can be removed from the
Message Window by pressing the flashing MSG Softkey.
The G1000 System Messages conveys messages to the flight crew regarding problems with the G1000 system.
Typically, a large red “X” appears in a window when a related LRU fails or detects invalid data.
INDEX
When an LRU or an LRU function fails, a large red “X” is typically displayed on windows associated with the
failed data. The following section describes various system annunciations. Refer to the AFM for additional
information regarding pilot responses to these annunciations.
190-00494-02 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
491
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Appendix A
NOTE: Upon power-up of the G1000 system, certain windows remain invalid as G1000 equipment begins to
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
initialize. All windows should be operational within one minute of power-up. Should any window continue
to remain flagged, the G1000 system should be serviced by a Garmin-authorized repair facility.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EICAS
System
Annunciation
Red ‘X’
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Messages Window
Figure A-3 G1000 System Messages
Message Softkey
Annunciation
GIA 63W Integrated
Avionics Units
GIA 63W Integrated
Avionics Units
AFCS
GDC 74B Air
Data Computer
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
GEA 71 Engine
Airframe Unit
Or
GIA 63W
Integrated
Avionics Unit
GRS 77 AHRS
Or
GMU 44
Magnetometer
INDEX
APPENDICES
Fuel Qty. Signal
Conditioner
GEA 71 Engine
Airframe Unit
KAPSII
Pressure Controller
GEA 71 Engine
Airframe Unit
GIA 63W Integrated
Avionics Units
FADEC
GDC 74B Air
Data Computer
Figure A-4 G1000 System Failure Annunciations
492
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
GTX 33/D Transponder
Or
GIA 63W Integrated
Avionics Units
190-00494-02 Rev. B
Appendix A
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
System Annunciation
Comment
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Attitude and Heading Reference System is aligning.
Display system is not receiving attitude information from the AHRS.
EICAS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Indicates a configuration module failure.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
This annunciation will only be seen when the autopilot is engaged. The annunciation indicates an
AHRS monitor has detected an abnormal flight parameter, possibly caused by strong turbulence. In
this case, the situation should correct itself within a few seconds. If there is an actual failure, a red
“X” will soon appear over the Attitude Indicator.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Display system is not receiving airspeed input from air data computer.
AFCS
Display system is not receiving valid heading input from AHRS.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Display system is not receiving altitude input from the air data computer.
APPENDICES
Display system is not receiving vertical speed input from the air data computer.
INDEX
Display system is not receiving valid transponder information.
190-00494-02 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
493
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Appendix A
System Annunciation
Comment
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
GPS information is either not present or is invalid for navigation use.
Note that AHRS utilizes GPS inputs during normal operation. AHRS operation may be degraded if
GPS signals are not present (see AFM).
EICAS
Other Various Red X
Indications
A red “X” through any other display field (such as engine instrumentation display) indicates that
the field is not receiving valid data.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Note: This Section provides information regarding G1000 message advisories that may be displayed by the
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
G1000 System Message Advisories
This section describes various G1000 system message advisories. Certain messages are issued due to an LRU
or an LRU function failure. Such messages are normally accompanied by a corresponding red “X” annunciation
as shown previously in the G1000 System Annunciation section.
system. Knowledge of the aircraft, systems, flight conditions, and other existing operational priorities must
be considered when responding to a message. Always use sound pilot judgment. The Citation Mustang
Airplane Flight Manual (AFM) takes precedence over any conflicting guidance found in this section.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
MFD & PFD Message Advisories
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
Message
DATA LOST – Pilot stored data
was lost. Recheck settings.
XTALK ERROR – A flight display
crosstalk error has occurred.
PFD1 SERVICE – PFD1 needs
service. Return unit for repair.
PFD2 SERVICE – PFD2 needs
service. Return unit for repair.
MFD1 SERVICE – MFD1 needs
service. Return unit for repair.
MANIFEST – PFD1 software
mismatch, communication halted.
MANIFEST – PFD2 software
mismatch, communication halted.
MANIFEST – MFD1 software
mismatch, communication halted.
PFD1 CONFIG – PFD1 config error.
Config service req’d.
PFD2 CONFIG – PFD2 config error.
Config service req’d.
494
Comments
The pilot profile data was lost. System reverts to default pilot profile and settings. The
pilot may reconfigure the MFD & PFDs with preferred settings, if desired.
The MFD and PFDs are not communicating with each other. The G1000 system should be
serviced.
The PFD and/or MFD self-test has detected a problem. The G1000 system should be
serviced.
The PFD and/or MFD has incorrect software installed. The G1000 system should be
serviced.
The PFD configuration settings do not match backup configuration memory. The G1000
system should be serviced.
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
190-00494-02 Rev. B
Appendix A
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
MFD & PFD Message Advisories (Cont.)
Comments
The MFD configuration settings do not match backup configuration memory. The G1000
system should be serviced.
The MFD and PFDs have different software versions installed. The G1000 system should
be serviced.
The MFD and/or PFDs have a software mismatch. A red ‘X’ will appear in the CAS
display. The G1000 system should be serviced.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
EICAS
The PFD and/or MFD is overheating and is reducing power consumption by dimming the
display. If problem persists, the G1000 system should be serviced.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
A key is stuck on the PFD and/or MFD bezel. Attempt to free the stuck key by pressing it
several times. The G1000 system should be serviced if the problem persists.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
The PFD1 configuration module backup memory has failed. The G1000 system should be
serviced.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
The PFD1 voltage is low. The G1000 system should be serviced.
The PFD2 voltage is low. The G1000 system should be serviced.
AFCS
Message
MFD1 CONFIG – MFD1 config
error. Config service req’d.
SW MISMATCH – GDU software
version mismatch. Xtalk is off.
CAS INOP – No Dispatch.
Software correction required.
PFD1 COOLING – PFD1 has poor
cooling. Reducing power usage.
PFD2 COOLING – PFD2 has poor
cooling. Reducing power usage.
MFD1 COOLING – MFD1 has poor
cooling. Reducing power usage.
PFD1 KEYSTK – PFD1 [key name]
Key is stuck.
PFD2 KEYSTK – PFD2 [key name]
Key is stuck.
MFD1 KEYSTK – MFD [key name]
Key is stuck.
CNFG MODULE – PFD1
configuration module is
inoperative.
PFD1 VOLTAGE – PFD1 has low
voltage. Reducing power usage
PFD2 VOLTAGE – PFD2 has low
voltage. Reducing power usage
MFD1 VOLTAGE – MFD1 has low
voltage. Reducing power usage
The MFD voltage is low. The G1000 system should be serviced.
Database Message Advisories
Comments
The MFD and/or PFD detected a failure in the aviation database. Attempt to reload the
aviation database. If problem persists, the G1000 system should be serviced.
APPENDICES
INDEX
190-00494-02 Rev. B
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Message
MFD1 DB ERR – MFD1 aviation
database error exists.
PFD1 DB ERR – PFD1 aviation
database error exists.
PFD2 DB ERR – PFD2 aviation
database error exists.
MFD1 DB ERR – MFD1 basemap
database error exists.
PFD1 DB ERR – PFD1 basemap
database error exists.
PFD2 DB ERR – PFD2 basemap
database error exists.
The MFD and/or PFD detected a failure in the basemap database.
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
495
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Appendix A
Database Message Advisories (Cont.)
Comments
The MFD and/or PFD detected a failure in the terrain database. Ensure that the terrain
card is properly inserted in display. Replace terrain card. If problem persists, The G1000
system should be serviced.
The terrain database is present on another LRU, but is missing on the specified LRU.
The MFD and/or PFD detected a failure in the obstacle database. Ensure that the data
card is properly inserted. Replace data card. If problem persists, The G1000 system
should be serviced.
The obstacle database is present on another LRU, but is missing on the specified LRU.
The MFD and/or PFD detected a failure in the airport terrain database. Ensure that the
data card is properly inserted. Replace data card. If problem persists, The G1000 system
should be serviced.
The airport terrain database is present on another LRU, but is missing on the specified
LRU.
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EICAS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Message
MFD1 DB ERR – MFD1 terrain
database error exists.
PFD1 DB ERR – PFD1 terrain
database error exists.
PFD2 DB ERR – PFD2 terrain
database error exists.
MFD1 DB ERR – MFD1 terrain
database missing.
PFD1 DB ERR – PFD1 terrain
database missing.
PFD2 DB ERR – PFD2 terrain
database missing.
MFD1 DB ERR – MFD1 obstacle
database error exists.
PFD1 DB ERR – PFD1 obstacle
database error exists.
PFD2 DB ERR – PFD2 obstacle
database error exists.
MFD1 DB ERR – MFD1 obstacle
database missing.
PFD1 DB ERR – PFD1 obstacle
database missing.
PFD2 DB ERR – PFD2 obstacle
database missing.
MFD1 DB ERR – MFD1 airport
terrain database error exists.
PFD1 DB ERR – PFD1 airport
terrain database error exists.
PFD2 DB ERR – PFD2 airport
terrain database error exists.
MFD1 DB ERR – MFD1 airport
terrain database missing.
PFD1 DB ERR – PFD1 airport
terrain database missing.
PFD2 DB ERR – PFD2 airport
terrain database missing.
496
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
190-00494-02 Rev. B
Appendix A
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Database Message Advisories (Cont.)
Comments
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Message
MFD1 DB ERR – MFD1 Safe Taxi
database error exists.
PFD1 DB ERR – PFD1 Safe Taxi
database error exists.
PFD2 DB ERR – PFD2 Safe Taxi
database error exists.
MFD1 DB ERR – MFD1 Chartview
database error exists.
The MFD and/or PFD detected a failure in the Safe Taxi database. Ensure that the data
card is properly inserted. Replace data card. If problem persists, The G1000 system
should be serviced.
EICAS
The MFD and/or PFDs detected a failure in the ChartView database (optional feature).
Ensure that the data card is properly inserted. Replace data card. If problem persists, The
G1000 system should be serviced.
MFD1 DB ERR – MFD1 FliteCharts The MFD and/or PFDs detected a failure in the FliteCharts database (optional feature).
database error exists.
Ensure that the data card is properly inserted. Replace data card. If problem persists, The
G1000 system should be serviced.
DB MISMATCH – Aviation
The PFDs and MFD have different aviation database versions installed. Crossfill is off.
database version mismatch. Xtalk
Install correct aviation database version in all displays.
is off.
DB MISMATCH – Aviation
The PFDs and MFD have different aviation database types installed (Americas, European,
database type mismatch. Xtalk is
etc.). Crossfill is off. Install correct aviation database type in all displays.
off.
DB MISMATCH – Terrain database The PFDs and MFD have different terrain database versions installed. Install correct
version mismatch.
terrain database version in all displays.
DB MISMATCH – Terrain database The PFDs and MFD have different terrain database types installed. Install correct terrain
type mismatch.
database type in all displays.
DB MISMATCH – Obstacle
The PFDs and MFD have different obstacle database versions installed. Install correct
database version mismatch.
obstacle database version in all displays.
DB MISMATCH – Airport Terrain
The PFDs and MFD have different airport terrrain databases installed. Install correct
database mismatch.
airport terrain database in all displays.
CAS INOP – No Dispatch.
The MFD and/or PFDs have an aviation database mismatch. A red ‘X’ will appear in the
Database correction required.
CAS display. Load the same aviation database version in the MFD and both PFDs.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
AFCS
The audio panel self-test has detected a failure. The audio panel is unavailable. The
G1000 system should be serviced.
An error has occurred in transferring data between the two GMAs. The G1000 system
should be serviced.
The audio panel configuration settings do not match backup configuration memory. The
G1000 system should be serviced.
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
INDEX
190-00494-02 Rev. B
Comments
APPENDICES
Message
GMA1 FAIL – GMA1 is inoperative.
GMA2 FAIL – GMA2 is inoperative.
GMA XTALK – GMA crosstalk error
has occurred.
GMA1 CONFIG – GMA1 config
error. Config service req’d.
GMA2 CONFIG – GMA2 config
error. Config service req’d.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
GMA 1347D Message Advisories
497
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Appendix A
GMA 1347D Message Advisories (Cont.)
EICAS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Message
MANIFEST – GMA1 software
mismatch, communication halted.
MANIFEST – GMA2 software
mismatch, communication halted.
GMA1 SERVICE – GMA1 needs
service. Return unit for repair.
GMA2 SERVICE – GMA2 needs
service. Return unit for repair.
Comments
The audio panel has incorrect software installed. The G1000 system should be serviced.
The audio panel self-test has detected a problem in the unit. Certain audio functions may still
be available, and the audio panel may still be usable. The G1000 system should be serviced
when possible.
GIA 63W Message Advisories
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Message
GIA1 CONFIG – GIA1 config error.
Config service req’d.
GIA2 CONFIG – GIA2 config error.
Config service req’d.
GIA1 CONFIG – GIA1 audio config
error. Config service req’d.
GIA2 CONFIG – GIA2 audio config
error. Config service req’d.
GIA1 COOLING – GIA1
temperature too low.
GIA2 COOLING – GIA2
temperature too low.
GIA1 COOLING – GIA1 over
temperature.
GIA2 COOLING – GIA2 over
temperature.
GIA1 SERVICE – GIA1 needs
service. Return the unit for repair.
GIA2 SERVICE – GIA2 needs
service. Return the unit for repair.
HW MISMATCH – GIA hardware
mismatch. GIA1 communication
halted.
HW MISMATCH – GIA hardware
mismatch. GIA2 communication
halted.
MANIFEST – GIA1 software
mismatch, communication halted.
MANIFEST – GIA2 software
mismatch, communication halted.
498
Comments
The GIA1 and/or GIA2 configuration settings do not match backup configuration
memory. The G1000 system should be serviced.
The GIA1 and/or GIA2 have an error in the audio configuration. The G1000 system
should be serviced.
The GIA1 and/or GIA2 temperature is too low to operate correctly. Allow units to warm
up to operating temperature.
The GIA1 and/or GIA2 temperature is too high. If problem persists, the G1000 system
should be serviced.
The GIA1 and/or GIA2 self-test has detected a problem in the unit. The G1000 system
should be serviced.
A GIA mismatch has been detected, where only one is WAAS capable.
The GIA1 and/or GIA 2 has incorrect software installed. The G1000 system should be
serviced.
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
190-00494-02 Rev. B
Appendix A
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
GIA 63W Message Advisories (Cont.)
The system has detected an over temperature condition in COM1 and/or COM2. The
transmitter is operating at reduced power. If the problem persists, the G1000 system
should be serviced.
The system has detected a failure in COM1 and/or COM2. COM1 and/or COM2 may still
be usable. The G1000 system should be serviced when possible.
EICAS
The COM1 and/or COM2 external push-to-talk switch is stuck in the enable (or
“pressed”) position. Press the PTT switch again to cycle its operation.
If the problem persists, the G1000 system should be serviced.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
The COM1 and/or COM2 transfer switch is stuck in the enabled (or “pressed”) position.
Press the transfer switch again to cycle its operation. If the problem persists, the G1000
system should be serviced.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
GPS integrity is insufficient for the current phase of flight.
Loss of GPS navigation due to insufficient satellites.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Loss of GPS navigation due to position error.
Loss of GPS navigation due to GPS failure.
Abort approach due to loss of GPS navigation.
AFCS
Vertical guidance generated by WAAS is unavailable, use LNAV only minimums.
Displayed after passing the first waypoint of a true north approach when the nav angle is
set to ‘AUTO’.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
A failure has been detected in the GPS1 and/or GPS2 receiver. The receiver may still be
available. The G1000 system should be serviced.
APPENDICES
A failure has been detected in the NAV1 and/or NAV2 receiver. The receiver may still be
available. The G1000 system should be serviced.
INDEX
190-00494-02 Rev. B
Comments
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Message
COM1 TEMP – COM1 over temp.
Reducing transmitter power.
COM2 TEMP – COM2 over temp.
Reducing transmitter power.
COM1 SERVICE – COM1 needs
service. Return unit for repair.
COM2 SERVICE – COM2 needs
service. Return unit for repair.
COM1 PTT – COM1 push-to-talk
key is stuck.
COM2 PTT – COM2 push-to-talk
key is stuck.
COM1 RMT XFR – COM1 remote
transfer key is stuck.
COM2 RMT XFR – COM2 remote
transfer key is stuck.
LOI – GPS integrity lost. Crosscheck
with other NAVS.
GPS NAV LOST – Loss of GPS
navigation. Insufficient satellites.
GPS NAV LOST – Loss of GPS
navigation. Position error.
GPS NAV LOST – Loss of GPS
navigation. GPS fail.
ABORT APR – Loss of GPS
navigation. Abort approach.
APR DWNGRADE – Approach
downgraded.
TRUE APR – True north approach.
Change HDG reference to TRUE.
GPS1 SERVICE – GPS1 needs
service. Return unit for repair.
GPS2 SERVICE – GPS2 needs
service. Return unit for repair.
NAV1 SERVICE – NAV1 needs
service. Return unit for repair.
NAV2 SERVICE – NAV2 needs
service. Return unit for repair.
NAV1 RMT XFR – NAV1 remote
transfer key is stuck.
NAV2 RMT XFR – NAV2 remote
transfer key is stuck.
The remote NAV1 and/or NAV2 transfer switch is stuck in the enabled (or “pressed”)
state. Press the transfer switch again to cycle its operation. If the problem persists, the
G1000 system should be serviced.
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
499
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Appendix A
GIA 63W Message Advisories (Cont.)
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Message
G/S1 FAIL – G/S1 is inoperative.
G/S2 FAIL – G/S2 is inoperative.
EICAS
G/S1 SERVICE – G/S1 needs
service. Return unit for repair.
G/S2 SERVICE – G/S2 needs
service. Return unit for repair.
Comments
A failure has been detected in glideslope receiver 1 and/or receiver 2. The G1000 system
should be serviced.
A failure has been detected in glideslope receiver 1 and/or receiver 2. The receiver may
still be available. The G1000 system should be serviced when possible.
GEA 71 Message Advisories
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Message
GEA1 CONFIG – GEA1 config error.
Config service req’d.
GEA2 CONFIG – GEA2 config error.
Config service req’d.
MANIFEST – GEA1 software
mismatch, communication halted.
MANIFEST – GEA2 software
mismatch, communication halted.
Comments
The GEA1 configuration settings do not match those of backup configuration memory.
The G1000 system should be serviced.
The GEA2 configuration settings do not match those of backup configuration memory.
The G1000 system should be serviced.
The #1 GEA 71 has incorrect software installed. The G1000 system should be serviced.
The #2 GEA 71 has incorrect software installed. The G1000 system should be serviced.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
GTX 33 Message Advisories
Comments
The transponder configuration settings do not match those of backup configuration
memory. The G1000 system should be serviced.
The transponder configuration settings do not match those of backup configuration
memory. The G1000 system should be serviced.
The transponder has incorrect software installed. The G1000 system should be serviced.
The transponder has incorrect software installed. The G1000 system should be serviced.
The #1 transponder should be serviced when possible.
The #2 transponder should be serviced when possible.
There is no communication with the #1 transponder.
There is no communication with the #2 transponder.
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
Message
XPDR1 CONFIG – XPDR1 config
error. Config service req’d.
XPDR2 CONFIG – XPDR2 config
error. Config service req’d.
MANIFEST – GTX1 software
mismatch, communication halted.
MANIFEST – GTX2 software
mismatch, communication halted.
XPDR1 SRVC – XPDR1 needs
service. Return unit for repair.
XPDR2 SRVC – XPDR2 needs
service. Return unit for repair.
XPDR1 FAIL – XPDR1 is
inoperative.
XPDR2 FAIL – XPDR2 is
inoperative.
500
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
190-00494-02 Rev. B
Appendix A
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
GRS 77 Message Advisories
AHRS2 TAS – AHRS2 not receiving
valid airspeed.
EICAS
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
The #1 AHRS and #2 AHRS magnetic model database versions do not match.
The #1 AHRS earth magnetic field model is out of date. Update magnetic field model
when practical.
The #2 AHRS earth magnetic field model is out of date. Update magnetic field model
when practical.
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
The aircraft is outside geographical limits for approved AHRS operation. Heading is
flagged as invalid.
The #1 AHRS has incorrect software installed. The G1000 system should be serviced.
APPENDICES
AHRS1 GPS – AHRS1 using backup
GPS source.
AHRS2 GPS – AHRS2 using backup
GPS source.
AHRS1 GPS – AHRS1 not receiving
any GPS information.
AHRS2 GPS – AHRS2 not receiving
any GPS information.
AHRS1 GPS – AHRS1 not receiving
backup GPS information.
AHRS2 GPS – AHRS2 not receiving
backup GPS information.
AHRS1 GPS – AHRS1 operating
exclusively in no-GPS mode.
AHRS2 GPS – AHRS2 operating
exclusively in no-GPS mode.
AHRS MAG DB – AHRS magnetic
model database version mismatch.
AHRS1 SRVC – AHRS1 Magneticfield model needs update.
AHRS2 SRVC – AHRS2 Magneticfield model needs update.
GEO LIMITS – AHRS1 too far
North/South, no magnetic compass.
GEO LIMITS – AHRS2 too far
North/South, no magnetic compass.
MANIFEST – GRS1 software
mismatch, communication halted.
MANIFEST – GRS2 software
mismatch, communication halted.
Comments
The #1 AHRS is not receiving true airspeed from the air data computer. The AHRS relies
on GPS information to augment the lack of airspeed. The G1000 system should be
serviced.
The #2 AHRS is not receiving true airspeed from the air data computer. The AHRS relies
on GPS information to augment the lack of airspeed. The G1000 system should be
serviced.
The #1 AHRS is using the backup GPS path. Primary GPS path has failed. The G1000
system should be serviced when possible.
The #2 AHRS is using the backup GPS path. Primary GPS path has failed. The G1000
system should be serviced when possible.
The #1 AHRS is not receiving any or any useful GPS information. Check AFMS
limitations. The G1000 system should be serviced.
The #2 AHRS is not receiving any or any useful GPS information. Check AFMS
limitations. The G1000 system should be serviced.
The #1 AHRS is not receiving backup GPS information. The G1000 system should be
serviced.
The #2 AHRS is not receiving backup GPS information. The G1000 system should be
serviced.
The #1 AHRS is operating exclusively in no-GPS mode. The G1000 system should be
serviced.
The #2 AHRS is operating exclusively in no-GPS mode. The G1000 system should be
serviced.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Message
AHRS1 TAS – AHRS1 not receiving
valid airspeed.
The #2 AHRS has incorrect software installed. The G1000 system should be serviced.
INDEX
190-00494-02 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
501
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Appendix A
GMU 44 Message Advisories
EICAS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Message
HDG FAULT – AHRS1
magnetometer fault has occurred.
HDG FAULT – AHRS2
magnetometer fault has occurred.
MANIFEST – GMU1 software
mismatch, communication halted.
MANIFEST – GMU2 software
mismatch, communication halted.
Comments
A fault has occurred in the #1 GMU 44. Heading is flagged as invalid. The AHRS uses
GPS for backup mode operation. The G1000 system should be serviced.
A fault has occurred in the #2 GMU 44. Heading is flagged as invalid. The AHRS uses
GPS for backup mode operation. The G1000 system should be serviced.
The GMU 44 has incorrect software installed. The G1000 system should be serviced.
GDL 69A Message Advisories
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Message
GDL69 CONFIG – GDL 69 config
error. Config service req’d.
GDL69 FAIL – GDL 69 has failed.
MANIFEST – GDL software
mismatch, communication halted.
Comments
GDL 69 configuration settings do not match those of backup configuration memory. The
G1000 system should be serviced.
A failure has been detected in the GDL 69. The receiver is unavailable. The G1000
system should be serviced
The GDL 69 has incorrect software installed. The G1000 system should be serviced.
GWX 68 Alert Messages
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Message
GWX CONFIG – GWX config error.
Config service req’d.
GWX FAIL – GWX is inoperative.
A failure has been detected in the GWX 68. The GWX 68 may still be usable.
The GWX 68 has incorrect software installed. The G1000 system should be serviced.
Possible severe weather detected within +/- 10 degrees of the aircraft heading at a
range of 80 to 320 nm.
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
GWX SERVICE – GWX needs
service. Return unit for repair.
MANIFEST – GWX software
mismatch, communication halted.
WX ALERT – Possible severe
weather ahead.
Comments
GWX 68 configuration settings do not match those of the GDU configuration. The
G1000 system should be serviced.
The GDU is not recieving status packet from the GWX 68 or the GWX 68 is reporting a
fault. The GWX 68 radar system should be serviced.
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Appendix A
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
GDC 74B Message Advisories
Comments
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
GDC1 or GDC2 is reporting that the altitude error correction is unavailable.
GDC1 or GDC2 is reporting that the airspeed error correction is unavailable.
EICAS
The GDC 74B has incorrect software installed. The G1000 system should be serviced.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Message
ADC1 ALT EC – ADC1 altitude error
correction is unavailable.
ADC2 ALT EC – ADC2 altitude error
correction is unavailable.
ADC1 AS EC – ADC1 airspeed error
correction is unavailable.
ADC2 AS EC – ADC2 airspeed error
correction is unavailable.
MANIFEST – GDC1 software
mismatch, communication halted.
MANIFEST – GDC2 software
mismatch, communication halted.
GCU 475 Message Advisories
Comments
GCU 475 configuration settings do not match those of backup configuration memory.
The G1000 system should be serviced.
A failure has been detected in the GCU 475. The GCU 475 is unavailable.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
The GCU 475 has incorrect software installed. The G1000 system should be serviced.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Message
GCU CNFG – GCU Config error.
Config service req’d.
GCU FAIL – GCU is inoperative.
MANIFEST – GCU software
mismatch, communication halted.
GCU KEYSTK – GCU [key name]
Key is stuck.
A key is stuck on the GCU 475 bezel. Attempt to free the stuck key by pressing it
several times. The G1000 system should be serviced if the problem persists.
GMC 710 Message Advisories
Comments
AFCS
Error in the configuration of the GMC 710.
A failure has been detected in the GMC 710. The GMC 710 is unavailable.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Message
GMC CONFIG – GMC Config error.
Config service req’d.
GMC FAIL – GMC is inoperative.
MANIFEST – GMC software
mismatch. Communication halted.
GMC KEYSTK – GMC [key name]
Key is stuck.
The GMC 710 has incorrect software installed. The G1000 system should be serviced.
A key is stuck on the GMC 710 bezel. Attempt to free the stuck key by pressing it
several times. The G1000 system should be serviced if the problem persists.
APPENDICES
INDEX
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503
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Appendix A
Miscellaneous Message Advisories
Comments
Upon power-up, the G1000 system detects that a stored flight plan waypoint is locked.
This occurs when an aviation database update eliminates an obsolete waypoint. The
flight plan cannot find the specified waypoint and flags this message. This can also
occur with user waypoints in a flight plan that is deleted.
Remove the waypoint from the flight plan if it no longer exists in any database,
Or
update the waypoint name/identifier to reflect the new information.
FPL WPT MOVE – Flight plan
The system has detected that a waypoint coordinate has changed due to a new aviation
waypoint moved.
database update. Verify that stored flight plans contain correct waypoint locations.
TIMER EXPIRD – Timer has expired. The system notifies the pilot that the timer has expired.
DB CHANGE – Database changed. This occurs when a stored flight plan contains procedures that have been manually
Verify user modified procedures.
edited. This alert is issued only after an aviation database update. Verify that the usermodified procedures in stored flight plans are correct and up to date.
DB CHANGE – Database changed. This occurs when a stored flight plan contains an airway that is no longer consistent
Verify stored airways.
with the aviation database. This alert is issued only after an aviation database update.
Verify use of airways in stored flight plans and reload airways as needed.
FPL TRUNC – Flight plan has been This occurs when a newly installed aviation database eliminates an obsolete approach
truncated.
or arrival used by a stored flight plan. The obsolete procedure is removed from the flight
plan. Update flight plan with current arrival or approach.
LOCKED FPL – Cannot navigate
This occurs when the pilot attempts to activate a stored flight plan that contains locked
locked flight plan.
waypoint. Remove locked waypoint from flight plan. Update flight plan with current
waypoint.
WPT ARRIVAL – Arriving at
Arriving at waypoint [xxxx], where [xxxx] is the waypoint name.
waypoint -[xxxx]
STEEP TURN – Steep turn ahead.
A steep turn is 15 seconds ahead. Prepare to turn.
INSIDE ARSPC – Inside airspace.
The aircraft is inside the airspace.
ARSPC AHEAD – Airspace ahead
Special use airspace is ahead of aircraft. The aircraft will penetrate the airspace within
less than 10 minutes.
10 minutes.
ARSPC NEAR – Airspace near and
Special use airspace is near and ahead of the aircraft position.
ahead.
ARSPC NEAR – Airspace near – less
Special use airspace is within 2 nm of the aircraft position.
than 2 nm.
APR INACTV – Approach is not
The system notifies the pilot that the loaded approach is not active. Activate approach
active.
when required.
SLCT FREQ – Select appropriate
The system notifies the pilot to load the approach frequency for the appropriate NAV
frequency for approach.
receiver. Select the correct frequency for the approach.
SLCT NAV – Select NAV on CDI for The system notifies the pilot to set the CDI to the correct NAV receiver. Set the CDI to
approach.
the correct NAV receiver.
PTK FAIL – Parallel track
Bad parallel track geometry.
unavailable: bad geometry.
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EICAS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Message
FPL WPT LOCK – Flight plan
waypoint is locked.
504
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Appendix A
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Miscellaneous Message Advisories (Cont.)
The current vertical waypoint can not be reached within the maximum flight path angle
and vertical speed constraints. The system automatically transitions to the next vertical
waypoint.
The lateral flight plan contains a procedure turn, vector, or other unsupported leg
type prior to the active vertical waypoint. This prevents vertical guidance to the active
vertical waypoint.
The current track angle error exceeds the limit, causing the vertical deviation to go
invalid.
The current crosstrack exceeds the limit, causing vertical deviation to go invalid.
A parallel course has been selected, causing the vertical deviation to go invalid.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
The selected waypoint [xxxx] does not use the WGS 84 datum. Cross-check position
with alternate navigation sources.
The G1000 is no longer receiving data from the traffic system. The traffic device should
be serviced.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
A data path connected to the GDU or the GIA 63/W has failed.
The GDU’s internal model cannot determine the exact magnetic variance for geographic
locations near the magnetic poles. Displayed magnetic course angles may differ from
the actual magnetic heading by more than 2°.
Synthetic Vision is disabled because the aircraft is not within the boundaries of the
installed terrain database.
Synthetic Vision is disabled because a terrain database of sufficient resolution (9 arcsecond or better) is not currently installed.
Message criteria entered by the user.
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
SVS – SVS DISABLED: Out of
available terrain region.
SVS – SVS DISABLED: Terrain DB
resolution too low.
SCHEDULER [#] – <message>.
IAF waypoint for parallel offset has been passed.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
VNV – Unavailable. Excessive track
angle error.
VNV – Unavailable. Excessive
crosstrack error.
VNV – Unavailable. Parallel course
selected.
NO WGS84 WPT – Non WGS 84
waypoint for navigation -[xxxx]
TRAFFIC FAIL – Traffic device has
failed.
FAILED PATH – A data path has
failed.
MAG VAR WARN – Large magnetic
variance. Verify all course angles.
Invalid leg type for parallel offset.
EICAS
VNV – Unavailable. Unsupported
leg type in flight plan.
Comments
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Message
PTK FAIL – Parallel track unavailable:
invalid leg type.
PTK FAIL – Parallel track unavailable:
past IAF.
UNABLE V WPT – Can’t reach
current vertical waypoint.
APPENDICES
INDEX
190-00494-02 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
505
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Appendix A
AFCS Alerts
NOTE: Do not press the AP DISC switch during servo power-up and preflight system tests as this may cause
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
the preflight system test to fail or never to start (if servos fail their power-up tests). Power must be cycled
to the servos to remedy the situation.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EICAS
System Status Field
Figure A-5 AFCS System Status Field
The following alert annunciations appear in the AFCS System Status field on the PFD.
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Condition
Pitch Failure
506
Annunciation Description
Pitch axis control failure. AP is inoperative.
Roll Failure
Roll axis control failure. AP is inoperative.
MET Switch
Stuck, or Pitch
Trim Axis Control
Failure
System Failure
If annunciated when AP is engaged, take control of the aircraft and disengage the
autopilot. If annunciated when AP is not engaged, move each half of the MET switch
separately to check if a stuck switch is causing the annunciation.
Emergency
Descent Mode
Elevator Mistrim
Up
Elevator Mistrim
Down
Aileron Mistrim
Left
Aileron Mistrim
Right
Rudder Mistrim
Left
Rudder Mistrim
Right
Preflight Test
AP engaged when aircraft altitude above 30,000 ft and cabin pressurization is lost.
Selected Heading set 90° left of current heading; Selected Altitude set to 15000 ft
A condition has developed causing the pitch servo to provide a sustained force. Be
prepared to apply nose up control wheel force upon autopilot disconnect.
A condition has developed causing the pitch servo to provide a sustained force. Be
prepared to apply nose down control wheel force upon autopilot disconnect.
A condition has developed causing the roll servo to provide a sustained left force. Ensure
the slip/skid indicator is centered and observe any maximum fuel imbalance limits.
A condition has developed causing the roll servo to provide a sustained right force. Ensure the
slip/skid indicator is centered and observe any maximum fuel imbalance limits.
A condition has developed causing the yaw servo to provide a sustained force. Ensure the
slip/skid indicator is centered and observe any maximum fuel imbalance limits.
A condition has developed causing the yaw servo to provide a sustained force. Ensure the
slip/skid indicator is centered and observe any maximum fuel imbalance limits.
Performing preflight system test. Upon completion of the test, the aural alert will be
heard.
Preflight system test has failed.
AP and MET are unavailable. FD may still be available.
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
190-00494-02 Rev. B
Appendix A
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
TAWS ALERTS
Annunciations appear on the PFD and MFD. Pop-up alerts appear only on the MFD.
Alert Type
MFD Map Page
Pop-Up Alert
Aural Message
Excessive Descent Rate Warning (EDR)
“Pull Up”
Reduced Required Terrain Clearance
Warning (RTC)
or
*
or
*
or
or
*
Reduced Required Terrain Clearance
Caution (RTC)
or
*
or
or
Imminent Obstacle Impact Caution
(IOI)
or
*
“Terrain Ahead; Terrain Ahead”
or
“Caution, Terrain; Caution, Terrain”*
“Caution, Obstacle; Caution, Obstacle”*
or
“Obstacle Ahead; Obstacle Ahead”
“Obstacle Ahead; Obstacle Ahead”
or
“Caution, Obstacle; Caution, Obstacle”*
“Too Low, Terrain”
None
None
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Premature Descent Alert Caution (PDA)
“Caution, Terrain; Caution, Terrain”*
or
“Terrain Ahead; Terrain Ahead”
AFCS
Reduced Required Obstacle Clearance
Caution (ROC)
*
*
“Obstacle Ahead, Pull Up; Obstacle Ahead, Pull Up”
or
“Obstacle, Obstacle; Pull Up, Pull Up”*
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Imminent Terrain Impact Caution (ITI)
“Obstacle, Obstacle; Pull Up, Pull Up”*
or
“Obstacle Ahead, Pull Up; Obstacle Ahead, Pull Up”
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Imminent Obstacle Impact Warning
(IOI)
*
Terrain Ahead, Pull Up; Terrain Ahead, Pull Up”
or
“Terrain, Terrain; Pull Up, Pull Up”*
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Reduced Required Obstacle Clearance
Warning (ROC)
“Terrain, Terrain; Pull Up, Pull Up”*
or
“Terrain Ahead, Pull Up; Terrain Ahead, Pull Up”
EICAS
Imminent Terrain Impact Warning (ITI)
Altitude Callout “500”
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
PFD/MFD
TAWS Page
Annunciation
“Five-Hundred”
Excessive Descent Rate Caution (EDR)
“Sink Rate”
Negative Climb Rate Caution (NCR)
*
“Don’t Sink”*
or
“Too Low, Terrain”
APPENDICES
or
* Mustang defualt configuration
INDEX
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Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
507
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Appendix A
TAWS System Status Annunciations
PFD/MFD
TAWS Page
Annunciation
MFD
Pop-Up Alert
Aural Message
TAWS System Test Fail
None
“TAWS System Failure”
TAWS Alerting is disabled
None
None
No GPS position or excessively
degraded GPS signal
System Test in progress
None
“TAWS Not Available”
None
None
None
“TAWS System Test OK”
EICAS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Alert Type
System Test pass
None
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Other G1000 Aural Alerts
Aural Alert
Description
“Minimums, minimums” The aircraft has descended below the preset barometric minimum descent
altitude.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
“Vertical track”
“Traffic”
The Traffic Information Service (TIS) has issued a Traffic Advisory alert
The aircraft is outside the Traffic Information Service (TIS) coverage area.
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
“TIS not available”
The aircraft is one minute from Top of Descent. Issued only when vertical
navigation is enabled.
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Appendix B
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
SD Card Use
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
The G1000 System uses Secure Digital (SD) cards to load and store various types of data. For basic flight
operations, SD cards are required for database storage as well as Jeppesen aviation and ChartView database
updates.
CAUTION: Do not load Jeppesen navigation data (except ChartView) onto Garmin Supplemental Data
Cards.
EICAS
Jeppesen Databases
The Jeppesen aviation database is updated on a 28-day cycle. The ChartView database is updated on a 14day cycle. If the ChartView database is not updated within 70 days of the expiration date, ChartView will no
longer function.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Both of these databases are provided directly from Jeppesen. The ChartView database should be copied to the
Garmin supplied Supplemental Data Card which will reside in the bottom card slot on the MFD. The aviation
database must be installed from the Jeppesen or user supplied SD data card. Contact Jeppesen (www.jeppesen.
com) for subscription and update information.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
NOTE: After the aviation database is installed, the card may be removed.
Updating the Jeppesen aviation database:
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
1) With the G1000 System OFF, insert the SD card containing the aviation database update into the top card slot
of the first PFD to be updated (Label of SD card facing left).
2) Turn the G1000 System ON. A prompt similar to the following is displayed in the upper left corner of the PFD:
AFCS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Figure B-1 Database Update Prompt
3) Press the ENT Key to start the database update. A prompt similar to the following is displayed:
APPENDICES
INDEX
Figure B-2 Database Update Confirmation
190-00494-02 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
509
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Appendix B
4) After the update completes, the PFD starts in normal mode.
5) Turn the G1000 System OFF and remove the SD card.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
6) Repeat steps 1 through 4 for the other PFD and the MFD. The MFD and PFD databases are now updated.
Remove the SD card when finished.
7) Verify that the correct update cycle is loaded during startup of the MFD.
Garmin Databases
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EICAS
The following G1000 databases are stored on Supplemental Data Cards provided by Garmin:
• Expanded basemap
• Obstacle
• Terrain
• SafeTaxi
• Airport terrain
• FliteCharts
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
After subscribing to the desired database product, these database products will be downloaded to three
Supplemental Data Cards (with the exception of FliteCharts, which is loaded on only one card). Insert each
Supplemental Data Card into the correct location shown in Figure B-3. These cards must not be removed
except to update the databases stored on each card.
PFD1
PFD2
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
MFD
Figure B-3 Correct Database Locations
APPENDICES
Since these databases are not stored internally in the MFD or PFDs, a Supplemental Data Card containing
identical database versions must be kept in each display unit.
The basemap database contains data for the topography and land features, such as rivers, lakes, and towns.
It is updated only periodically, with no set schedule. There is no expiration date.
INDEX
The terrain and airport terrain databases contain the terrain mapping and airport diagram data. A higher
resolution version of this database is available for use in systems using the optional Synthetic Vision feature.
These databases are updated periodically and have no expiration date. Coverage of the terrain database is
between North 75 latitude and South 60 latitude in all longitudes. Coverage of the airport terrain database is
worldwide.
510
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
190-00494-02 Rev. B
Appendix B
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
The obstacle database contains data for obstacles, such as towers, that pose a potential hazard to aircraft.
Obstacles 200 feet and higher are included in the obstacle database. It is very important to note that not all
obstacles are necessarily charted and therefore may not be contained in the obstacle database. This database is
updated on a 56-day cycle. Coverage of the obstacle database includes the United States and Europe.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
NOTE: The data contained in the terrain and obstacle databases comes from government agencies. Garmin
accurately processes and cross-validates the data, but cannot guarantee the accuracy and completeness of
the data.
EICAS
The SafeTaxi database contains detailed airport diagrams for selected airports. These diagrams aid in following
ground control instructions by accurately displaying the aircraft position on the map in relation to taxiways,
ramps, runways, terminals, and services. This database is updated on a 56-day cycle.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
The FliteCharts database contains procedure charts for the United States only. This database is updated on a
28-day cycle. If not updated within 180 days of the expiration date, FliteCharts will no longer function.
Updating Garmin Databases
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
The Garmin database updates can be obtained by following the instructions detailed in the ‘Aviation
Databases’ section of the Garmin website (www.garmin.com). Once the updated files have been downloaded
from the website, a PC equipped with an appropriate SD card reader is used to unpack and program the
new databases onto the existing Supplemental Data Cards. Equipment required to perform the update is as
follows:
• Windows-compatible PC computer (Windows 2000 or XP recommended)
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
• SanDisk SD Card Reader, P/Ns SDDR-93 or SDDR-99 or equivalent card reader
• Updated database obtained from the Garmin website
• Existing Supplemental Database SD Cards (010-00330-42 or 010-00330-43 for Synthetic Vision) from
both PFDs and MFD
AFCS
In some cases it may be necessary to obtain an unlock code from Garmin in order to make the database
product functional. It may also be necessary to have the system configured by a Garmin authorized service
facility in order to use some database features.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
After the data has been copied to the appropriate data cards, perform the following steps:
1) Insert one SD card in the bottom card slot of the MFD and one in the bottom card slot of each PFD. The SD card
containing the ChartView or FliteCharts database must be inserted into the bottom slot on the MFD.
APPENDICES
2) Apply power to the G1000 System. View the MFD power-up splash screen. Check that the databases are
initialized and displayed on the splash screen. When updating the terrain and FliteCharts databases, an ‘in
progress’ message may be seen. If this message is present, wait for the system to finish loading before verifying
the correct databases are initialized, then proceed to step 3.
INDEX
190-00494-02 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
511
EICAS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Appendix B
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Figure B-4 Database Information on the Splash Screen
3) Acknowledge the Power-up Page agreement by pressing the ENT Key or the right most softkey.
4) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the AUX Page group on the MFD.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
5) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the System Status Page.
6) Select the DBASE Softkey to place the cursor in the ‘Database’ box.
7) Turn either FMS Knob to scroll through the database list and check that all databases are current and there are
no errors.
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
8) Power down the G1000.
512
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Appendix C
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Glossary
Course to Steer
INDEX
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
APPENDICES
CRS
CRS
CRSR
CTA
CTRL
Cumulative
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
CR
CRG
CRNT
Crosstrack Error
AFCS
190-00494-02 Rev. B
barometric altitude
barometric setting
battery
backcourse
CO
COM
CONFIG
COOL
COPLT
Course
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
B ALT
BARO
BATT
BC
CD
CDI
CDU
CF
CHT
CHKLIST
CHNL
CI
CLD
CLR
cm
CNS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
ATK
AUTOSEQ
AUX
AWOS
BFO
BKSP
BRG
C
ºC
CA
CALC
Calibrated Airspeed
The compass direction from the
present position to a destination
waypoint.
beat frequency oscillator
backspace
bearing
center runway
degrees Celsius
Course to Altitude
calculator
Indicated airspeed corrected for
installation and instrument errors.
Course to DME distance
Course Deviation Indicator
Control Display Unit
Course to Fix
Cylinder Head Temperature
checklist
channel
Course to Intercept
cloud
clear
centimeter
Communication, Navigation, &
Surveillance
carbon monoxide
communication radio
configuration
coolant
co-pilot
The line between two points to be
followed by the aircraft.
The recommended direction to steer
in order to reduce course error or
stay on course. Provides the most
efficient heading to get back to the
desired course and proceed along
the flight plan.
Course to Radial
Cockpit Reference Guide
current
The distance the aircraft is off a
desired course in either direction, left
or right.
course
Course to Steer
cursor
Control Area
control
The total of all legs in a flight plan.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
ATC
ATCRBS
ATIS
Bearing
EICAS
AIM
AIRMET
ALRT
ALT
ALT, ALTN
AMPS
ANNUNC
ANT
AP
AP DISC
APR
APT
ARINC
ARSPC
ARTCC
ARV
AS
ASB
ASOS
accuracy
active, activate
air data computer
Automatic Direction Finder
Attitude Direction Indicator
Arc to fix
Automatic Flight Control System
Airplane Flight Manual
Airplane Flight Manual Supplement
airframe
Above Ground Level
Attitude and Heading Reference
System
Aeronautical Information Manual
Airman’s Meteorological Information
alert
altitude
alternator
amperes
annunciation
antenna
autopilot
autopilot disconnect
approach
airport, aerodrome
Aeronautical Radio Incorporated
airspace
Air Route Traffic Control Center
arrival
airspeed
Aviation Support Branch
Automated
Surface
Observing
System
Air Traffic Control
ATC Radar Beacon System
Automatic Terminal Information
Service
along-track
automatic sequence
auxiliary
Automated Weather Observing
System
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
ACC
ACT, ACTV
ADC
ADF
ADI
AF
AFCS
AFM
AFMS
AFRM
AGL
AHRS
513
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Appendix C
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
CVR
CVRG
CWS
CYL
Cockpit Voice Recorder
coverage
control wheel steering
cylinder
density altitude
database
decibels ‘Z’ (radar return)
declutter
decrease fuel
degree
de-icing
departure
The desired course between the
active “from” and “to” waypoints.
DEST
destination
DF
Direct to Fix
DFLT
default
DGRD
degrade
DH
decision height
Dilution of Precision A measure of GPS satellite geometry
quality on a scale of one to ten (lower
numbers equal better geometry,
where higher numbers equal poorer
geometry).
DIR
direction
DIS
distance
Distance
The ‘great circle’ distance from the
present position to a destination
waypoint.
DME
Distance Measuring Equipment
DOP
Dilution of Precision
DP
Departure Procedure
DPRT
departure
DR
dead reckoning
DSBL
disabled
DTK
Desired Track
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EICAS
D ALT
DB, DBASE
dBZ
DCLTR, DECLTR
DEC FUEL
deg
DEIC, DEICE
DEP
Desired Track
APPENDICES
E
ECU
Efficiency
INDEX
EGT
EIS
ELEV
ELEV
EMERGCY
EMI
ENDUR
514
empty, east
Engine Control Unit
A measure of fuel consumption,
expressed in distance per unit of
fuel.
Exhaust Gas Temperature
Engine Indication System
elevation
elevator
emergency
Electromagnetic Interference
endurance
Endurance
Flight endurance, or total possible
flight time based on available fuel on
board.
ENG
engine
ENGD
engaged
ENR
enroute
Enroute Safe Altitude The recommended minimum altitude
within ten miles left or right of the
desired course on an active flight
plan or direct-to.
ENT
enter
EPE
Estimated Position Error
EPU
Estimated Position Uncertainty
ERR
error
ESA
Enroute Safe Altitude
Estimated Position Error A measure of horizontal GPS
position error derived by satellite
geometry conditions and other
factors.
Estimated Time of Arrival The estimated time at which the
aircraft should reach the destination
waypoint, based upon current speed
and track.
Estimated Time Enroute The estimated time it takes to
reach the destination waypoint from
the present position, based upon
current ground speed.
ETA
Estimated Time of Arrival
ETE
Estimated Time Enroute
EXPIRD
expired
ºF
FA
FAA
FADEC
FAF
FAIL
FC
FCC
FCST
FD
FD
FDE
FFLOW
FIS-B
FISDL
FL
FLC
FM
degrees Fahrenheit
Course From Fix to Altitude
Federal Aviation Administration
Full Authority Digital Engine Control
Final Approach Fix
failure
Course From Fix to Distance
Federal Communication Commission
forecast
Course From Fix to DME Distance
flight director
Fault Detection and Exclusion
fuel flow
Flight
Information
ServicesBroadcast
Flight Information Service Data Link
flight level
Flight Level Change
Course From Fix to Manual
Termination
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
190-00494-02 Rev. B
Appendix C
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
key stuck
kilogram
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
INDEX
190-00494-02 Rev. B
AFCS
KEYSTK
kg
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Hold Terminating at Altitude
heading
Groundspeed
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
HA
HDG
GMA
GMT
GMU
GND
gph
GPS
Grid MORA
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Ground Track
GRS
GS
GTX
glideslope
go-around
gallon(s)
gearbox
Garmin Air Data Computer
Garmin Satellite Data Link
Garmin Display Unit
Garmin Engine/Airframe Unit
geographic
Garmin Flight Control
Garmin Integrated Avionics Unit
Global Navigation Satellite Landing
System
Garmin Audio Panel System
Greenwich Mean Time
Garmin Magnetometer Unit
ground
gallons per hour
Global Positioning System
Grid Minimum Off-Route Altitude;
one degree latitude by one degree
longitude in size and clears the
highest elevation reference point in
the grid by 1000 feet for all areas of
the grid
The velocity that the aircraft is
travelling relative to a ground
position.
see Track
Garmin Reference System
Ground speed
Garmin Transponder
The direction an aircraft is pointed,
based upon indications from a
magnetic compass or a properly set
directional gyro.
HF
Hold Terminating at Fix
HFOM
Horizontal Figure of Merit
Hg
mercury
HI
high
HI SENS
High Sensitivity
HM
Hold with Manual Termination
Horizontal Figure of Merit A measure of the uncertainty in
the aircraft’s horizontal position.
hPa
hectopascal
HPL
Horizontal Protection Level
hr
hour
HSDB
High-Speed Data Bus
HSI
Horizontal Situation Indicator
HT
heat
HUL
Horizontal Uncertainty Level
Hz
Hertz
I
Inner Marker
IAF
Initial Approach Fix
IAT
Indicated Air Temperature
IAU
Integrated Avionics Unit
ICAO
International
Civil
Aviation
Organization
ICS
Intercom System
ID
Identification/Morse Code Identifier
IDENT, IDNT
identification
IF
Initial Fix
IFR
Instrument Flight Rules
IG
Imperial gallon
ILS
Instrument Landing System
IMC
Instrument
Meteorological
Conditions
in
inch
INACTV
inactive
INC FUEL
increase fuel
IND
indicated
Indicated
Information provided by properly
calibrated and set instrumentation
on the aircraft panel.
INFO
information
in HG
inches of mercury
INT
intersection(s)
INTEG
integrity (RAIM unavailable)
IrDA, IRDA
Infrared Data Association
EICAS
G/S, GS
GA
gal, gl
GBOX
GDC
GDL
GDU
GEA
GEO
GFC
GIA
GLS
Heading
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Fuel On Board
Flight Management System
Fuel On Board
flight plan
feet per minute
frequency
freezing
Flight Service Station
foot/feet
The fuel flow rate, expressed in units
of fuel per hour.
The total amount of usable fuel on
board the aircraft.
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
FMS
FOB
FPL
fpm
FREQ
FRZ
FSS
ft
Fuel Flow
515
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Appendix C
kHz
km
kt
kilohertz
kilometer
knot
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EICAS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
L
left, left runway
LAT
latitude
LBL
label
lb
pound
LCD
Liquid Crystal Display
LCL
local
LED
Light Emitting Diode
Left Over Fuel On Board The amount of fuel remaining
on board after the completion of
one or more legs of a flight plan or
direct-to.
Left Over Fuel Reserve The amount of flight time remaining,
based on the amount of fuel on
board after the completion of one or
more legs of a flight plan or directto, and a known consumption rate.
Leg
The portion of a flight plan between
two waypoints.
LIFR
Low Instrument Flight Rules
LNAV
Lateral Navigation
LO
low
LOC
localizer
LOI
loss of integrity (GPS)
LON
longitude
LPV
Localizer Performance with Vertical
guidance
LRU
Line Replacement Unit
LT
left
LTNG
lightning
LVL
level
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
M
m
MAG
MAG VAR
MAHP
MAN IN
MAN SQ
MAP
MASQ
MAX
MAXSPD
MDA
INDEX
MET
METAR
516
Middle Marker
meter
Magnetic
Magnetic Variation
Missed Approach Hold Point
manifold pressure (inches Hg)
Manual Squelch
Missed Approach Point
Master Avionics Squelch
maximum
maximum speed (overspeed)
barometric
minimum
descent
altitude
manual electric trim
Meteorological Aviation Routine
MEPT
manual electric pitch trim
MFD
Multi Function Display
MGRS
Military Grid Reference System
MHz
megahertz
MIC
microphone
MIN
minimum
Minimum Safe Altitude
Uses Grid MORAs to determine
a safe altitude within ten miles of
the aircraft present position.
MKR
marker beacon
MOA
Military Operations Area
MOV
movement
mpm
meters per minute
MSA
Minimum Safe Altitude
MSG
message
MSL
Mean Sea Level
MT
meter
mV
millivolt(s)
MVFR
Marginal Visual Flight Rules
N
NAV
NAVAID
NDB
NEXRAD
nm
NPT
NRST
north
navigation
NAVigation AID
Non-directional Beacon
Next Generation Radar
nautical mile(s)
O
OAT
OBS
OFST
OXY
Outer Marker
Outside Air Temperature
Omni Bearing Selector
offset
oxygen
P ALT
PA
PA
PASS
PC
PFD
PI
PIT, PTCH
POSN
PPM
P. POS
PRES, PRESS
PROC
psi
PT
pressure altitude
Passenger Address
Proximity Advisory
passenger(s)
personal computer
Primary Flight Display
Procedure Turn to Course Intercept
pitch
position
parts per million
Present Position
pressure
procedure(s), procedure turn
pounds per square inch
Procedure Turn
nearest
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
190-00494-02 Rev. B
Appendix C
RAM
REF
REM
REQ
RES
REV
RF
RMI
RMT
RNG
RNWY
ROL
ROM
rpm
RST FUEL
RSV
RT
RVRSNRY
RX
SID
SIGMET
190-00494-02 Rev. B
Track Angle Error
TRG
TRK
TRSA
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
INDEX
Sim
TCA
TCAS
TEL
TEMP
TERM
TF
TFR
T HDG
TIS
TIT
TKE
TMA
TMR/REF
Topo
Track
APPENDICES
SD
sec
SEL, SLCT
SFC
SIAP
TAT
TAWS
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
SCIT
south
Selective Availability
Static Air Temperature
Satellite-Based
Augmentation
System
Storm Cell Identification and
Tracking
Secure Digital
second(s)
select
surface
Standard Instrument Approach
Procedures
Standard Instrument Departure
Significant
Meteorological
Information
simulator
true
Traffic Advisory
Tactical Air Navigation System
Terminal Aerodrome Forecast
True Airspeed
Traffic Advisory System, true
airspeed
Total Air Temperature
Terrain Awareness and Warning
System
Terminal Control Area
Traffic Collision Avoidance System
telephone
temperature
terminal
Track Between Two Fixes
Temporary Flight Restriction
True Heading
Traffic Information System
Turbine Inlet Temperature
Track Angle Error
Terminal Maneuvering Area
Timer/Reference
topographic
Direction of aircraft movement
relative to a ground position; also
‘Ground Track’
The angle difference between the
desired track and the current track.
target
track
Terminal Radar Service Area
AFCS
S
SA
SAT
SBAS
T
TA
TACAN
TAF
TAS
TAS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
right, right runway
radial
Receiver Autonomous Integrity
Monitoring
random access memory
reference
remaining (fuel remaining above
Reserve)
required
reserve (fuel reserve entered by
pilot)
reverse, revision, revise
Constant Radius Turn to Fix
Radio Magnetic Indicator
remote
range
runway
roll
read only memory
revolutions per minute
reset fuel
reserve (fuel reserve entered by
pilot)
right
reversionary
receive
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
R
RAD
RAIM
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
quantity
slip/skid
symbol
speed
Special Position Identification
speaker
squelch
service
stall
Standard Terminal Arrival Route
statistics
standby
standard
Special Use Airspace
suspend
Synthetic Vision System
software
system
EICAS
QTY
SLP/SKD
SMBL
SPD
SPI
SPKR
SQ
SRVC, SVC
STAL
STAR
STATS
STBY
STD
SUA
SUSP
SVS
SW
SYS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
parallel track
Push-to-Talk
power
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
PTK
PTT
PWR
517
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Appendix C
TRUNC
TTL
TURN
TX
truncated
total
procedure turn
transmit
UNAVAIL
USR
UTC
UTM/UPS
unavailable
user
Coordinated Universal Time
Universal Transverse Mercator /
Universal Polar Stereographic Grid
WARN
WGS-84
WPT
WW
WX
warning (GPS position error)
World Geodetic System - 1984
waypoint(s)
world wide
weather
XFER, XFR
XPDR
XTALK
XTK
transfer
transponder
cross-talk
cross-track
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EICAS
V, Vspeed
velocity (airspeed)
VA
Heading Vector to Altitude
VAPP
VOR approach
VAR
variation
VD
Heading Vector to DME Distance
Vdc
volts, direct current
VERT
vertical
Vertical Figure of Merit
A measure of the uncertainty in
the aircraft’s vertical position.
Vertical Speed Required The vertical speed necessary
to descend/climb from a current
position and altitude to a defined
target position and altitude, based
upon current groundspeed.
VFOM
Vertical Figure of Merit
VFR
Visual Flight Rules
VHF
Very High Frequency
VI
Heading Vector to Intercept
VLOC
VOR/Localizer Receiver
VM
Heading Vector
to
Manual
Termination
VMC
Visual Meteorological Conditions
VNAV, VNV
vertical navigation
VOL
volume
VOR
VHF Omni-directional Range
VORTAC
very high frequency omnidirectional
range station and tactical air
navigation
VPL
Vertical Protection Level
VPROF
VNV profile, vertical profile
VPTH
VNV path, vertical path
VR
Heading Vector to Radial
VS
vertical speed
VSI
Vertical Speed Indicator
VSR
Vertical Speed Required
VTF
vector to final
INDEX
W
WAAS
518
watt(s), west
Wide Area Augmentation System
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
190-00494-02 Rev. B
Appendix D
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Frequently Asked Questions
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
If a particular aspect of G1000 operational capability is not addressed by these commonly asked questions or in
the index, contact Garmin (see the copyright page or back cover for contact information) or a Garmin-authorized
dealer. Garmin is dedicated to supporting its products and customers.
What is WAAS?
EICAS
The Wide Area Augmentation System (WAAS) uses a system of ground stations to correct any GPS signal
errors. These ground stations correct for errors caused by ionospheric disturbances, timing, and satellite
orbit errors. It also provides vital integrity information regarding the health of each GPS satellite. The signal
correction is then broadcast through one of two geostationary satellites. This correction information can then
be received by any WAAS-enabled GPS receiver.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
WAAS is designed to provide the additional accuracy, availability, and integrity necessary to enable users to
rely on GPS for all phases of flight. WAAS is currently available in the United States, including Alaska and
Hawaii.
How does WAAS affect approach operations?
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Both LNAV/VNAV and LPV approaches use the accuracy of WAAS to include vertical (glide path) guidance
capability. The additional accuracy and vertical guidance capability allows improved instrument approaches to
an expanded number of airports throughout the U.S.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
The implementation of LPV approaches further improves precision approach capabilities. LPV approaches
are designed to make full use of the improved GPS signal from the WAAS. This approach combines the LNAV/
VNAV vertical accuracy with lateral guidance similar to the typical Instrument Landing System (ILS). LPV
approaches allow lower approach minimums.
What is RAIM and how does it affect approach operations?
AFCS
RAIM is an acronym for Receiver Autonomous Integrity Monitoring. RAIM is a GPS receiver function that
performs the following functions:
• Monitors and verifies integrity and geometry of tracked GPS satellites
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
• Notifies the pilot when satellite conditions do not provide the necessary coverage to support a certain phase
of flight
• Predicts satellite coverage of a destination area to determine whether the number of available satellites is
sufficient to satisfy requirements
APPENDICES
NOTE: If RAIM is not predicted to be available for the final approach course, the approach does not become
active, as indicated by the “RAIM not available from FAF to MAP” message and the LOI annunciation
flagging on the HSI.
INDEX
190-00494-02 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
519
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Appendix D
For RAIM to work correctly, the GPS receiver must track at least five satellites. A minimum of six satellites is
required to allow RAIM to eliminate a single corrupt satellite from the navigation solution.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
RAIM ensures that satellite geometry allows for a navigation solution calculation within a specified protection
limit (2.0 nm for oceanic and en route, 1.0 nm for terminal, and 0.3 nm for non-precision approaches). The
G1000 System monitors RAIM and issues an alert message when RAIM is not available (see Appendix A).
Without RAIM, GPS position accuracy cannot be monitored. If RAIM is not available when crossing the FAF,
the pilot must fly the missed approach procedure.
Why are there not any approaches available for a flight plan?
EICAS
Approaches are available for the final destination airport in a flight plan or as a direct-to (keep in mind
that some VOR/VORTAC identifiers are similar to airport identifiers). If a destination airport does not have a
published approach, the G1000 indicates “NONE” for the available procedures.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
What happens when an approach is selected? Can a flight plan with an approach, a departure, or an
arrival be stored?
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
When an approach, departure, or arrival is loaded into the active flight plan, a set of approach, departure,
or arrival waypoints is inserted into the flight plan, along with a header line showing the title of the selected
instrument procedure. The original en route portion of the flight plan remains active, unless the instrument
procedure is activated. This may be done either when the procedure is loaded or at a later time.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Flight plans can also be stored with an approach, a departure, or an arrival. Note that the active flight plan
is erased when the system is turned off. Also, the active flight plan is overwritten when another flight plan is
activated. When storing flight plans with an approach, a departure, or an arrival, the G1000 uses the waypoint
information from the current database to define the waypoints. If the database is changed or updated, the
G1000 System automatically updates the information, provided the procedure has not been modified. Should
an approach, departure, or arrival procedure no longer be available, the flight plan becomes locked until the
procedure is deleted from the flight plan.
AFCS
Can “slant Golf” (“/G”) be filed using the G1000?
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
“/G” may be filed for a flight plan. The G1000 System meets the requirements of TSO-C129 Class A1 or A2
installation. GPS approaches are not to be flown with an expired database. See the approved Airplane Flight
Manual (AFM) as well as the Aeronautical Information Manual (AIM) for more information.
What does the OBS Softkey do?
INDEX
APPENDICES
The OBS Softkey is used to select manual sequencing of waypoints. Activating OBS mode sets the current
active-to waypoint as the primary navigation reference and prevents the system from sequencing to the next
waypoint in a flight plan. When OBS mode is cancelled, automatic waypoint sequencing is continued, and
the G1000 automatically activates the next waypoint in the flight plan once the aircraft has crossed the present
active waypoint.
520
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
190-00494-02 Rev. B
Appendix D
• Manual course change on HSI not possible
• Manually select course to waypoint from
HSI
• Always navigates ‘TO’ the active waypoint
• Indicates ‘TO’ or ‘FROM’ waypoint
• Must be in this mode for final approach
course
• Cannot be set for final approach course or
published holding patterns
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
OBS
• Manual sequencing - ‘holds’ on selected
waypoint
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Normal (OBS not activated)
• Automatic sequencing of waypoints
EICAS
When OBS mode is active, the G1000 allows the pilot to set a desired course to/from a waypoint using the
CRS/BARO Knob and HSI (much like a VOR).
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
The most common application for using the OBS Softkey is the missed approach. The G1000 suspends
automatic waypoint sequencing (indicated by a ‘SUSP’ annunciation placed on the HSI) when the missed
approach point (MAP) is crossed. This prevents the G1000 from automatically sequencing to the missed
approach holding point (MAHP). During this time, the OBS Softkey designation changes to SUSP. Pressing
the SUSP Softkey reactivates automatic waypoint sequencing. The OBS Softkey then resumes its normal
functionality.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Why does the G1000 not automatically sequence to the next waypoint?
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
The G1000 only sequences flight plan waypoints when automatic sequencing is enabled (i.e., no “OBS” or
‘SUSP’ annunciation). For automatic sequencing to occur, the aircraft must also cross the “bisector” of the turn
being navigated. The bisector is a line passing through the waypoint common to two flight plan legs at an
equal angle from each leg.
How can a waypoint be skipped in an approach, a departure, or an arrival?
AFCS
The G1000 allows the pilot to manually select any approach, departure, or arrival leg as the active leg of
the flight plan. This procedure is performed on the MFD from the Active Flight Plan Page by highlighting the
desired waypoint and selecting the ACT LEG Softkey then the ENT Key to approve the selection. The GPS
then provides navigation along the selected flight plan leg.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
When does turn anticipation begin?
The G1000 smooths adjacent leg transitions based on a normal 15° bank angle (with the ability to roll up to
30°) and provides three pilot cues for turn anticipation:
APPENDICES
• A waypoint alert (‘Next DTK ###° in # seconds’ or ‘Next HDG ###° in # seconds’) appears on the PFD 10
seconds before the turn point and flashes as it counts down to zero.
• A flashing turn advisory (‘Turn [right/left] to ###° in # seconds’) appears on the PFD 10 seconds before the
turn and flashes as it counts down to zero. ‘Turn [right/left] to ###° now’ or ‘Next [DTK/HDG] to ###° now’
is displayed when the pilot is to begin the turn and the HSI (GPS mode) automatically sequences to the next
DTK or HDG value.
INDEX
• The To/From indicator on the HSI flips momentarily to indicate that the midpoint of the turn has been
crossed.
190-00494-02 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
521
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Appendix D
When does the CDI scale change?
• When set to ‘Auto’ (default), the GPS CDI scale automatically adjusts to the desired limits based upon the
current phase of flight.
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
• When a departure procedure is activated, the CDI is scaled for departure (0.3 nm).
• The system switches from departure to terminal CDI scaling (1.0 nm) under the following conditions:
- The next leg in the departure procedure is not aligned with the departure runway
EICAS
- The next leg in the departure procedure is not a CA, CD, CF, CI, CR, DF, FA, FC, FD, FM, IF, or TF leg
(see Glossary for leg type definitions)
- After any leg in the departure procedure that is not a CA or FA leg
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
• At 30 nm from the departure airport the enroute phase of flight is automatically entered and CDI scaling
changes to 2.0 nm over a distance of 1.0 nm, except under the following conditions:
- When navigating with an active departure procedure, the flight phase and CDI scale will not change until
the aircraft arrives at the last departure waypoint (if more than 30 nm from the departure airport) or the leg
after the last departure waypoint has been activated or a direct-to waypoint is activated.
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
• If after completing the departure procedure the nearest airport is more than 200 nm away from the aircraft
and the approach procedure has not yet commenced, the CDI is scaled for oceanic flight (2.0 nm).
• Within 31 nm of the destination airport (terminal area), the CDI scale gradually ramps down from 2.0 nm
to 1.0 nm over a distance of 1.0 nm, except under the following conditions:
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
- When navigating with an active arrival route, the flight phase and CDI scale will not change until the
aircraft arrives at the first waypoint in the arrive route (if within 31 nm from the destination airport).
• During approach, the CDI scale ramps down even further. This transition normally occurs within 2.0 nm
of the Final Approach Fix (FAF). The CDI switches to approach scaling automatically once the approach
procedure becomes active or if Vectors-To-Final (VTF) are selected.
AFCS
- If the active waypoint is the FAF, the ground track and the bearing to the FAF must be within 45° of the
final approach segment course.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
- If the active waypoint is part of the missed approach procedure, the active leg and the preceding missed
approach legs must be aligned within 3° of the final approach segment course and the aircraft position
must be prior to the turn initiation point.
• When a missed approach is activated, the CDI scale changes to 0.3 nm.
• The system automatically switches back to terminal mode under the following conditions:
APPENDICES
- If the next leg in the missed approach procedure is not aligned with the final approach path
- If the next leg in the missed approach procedure is not a CA, CD, CF, CI, CR, DF, FA, FC, FD, FM, IF, or TF leg
INDEX
- After any leg in the missed approach procedure that is not a CA or FA leg
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Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
190-00494-02 Rev. B
Appendix D
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Why does the HSI not respond like a VOR when OBS mode is active?
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Unlike a VOR, the CDI scale used on GPS equipment is based on the crosstrack distance to the desired
course, not on the angular relationship to the destination. Therefore, the CDI deflection on the GPS is constant
regardless of the distance to the destination and does not become less sensitive when further away from the
destination.
What is the correct missed approach procedure? How is the missed approach holding point selected?
EICAS
To comply with TSO specifications, the G1000 does not automatically sequence past the MAP. The first
waypoint in the missed approach procedure becomes the active waypoint when the SUSP Softkey is selected
after crossing the MAP. All published missed approach procedures must be followed, as indicated on the
approach plate.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
To execute the missed approach procedure prior to the MAP (not recommended), select the Active Flight Plan
Page and use the ACT LEG Softkey to activate the missed approach portion of the procedure.
After a missed approach, how can the same approach be re-selected? How can a new approach be
activated?
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
NOTE: Do not attempt to reactivate the current approach prior to crossing the missed approach point
(MAP). If an attempt to do so is made, an alert message “Are you sure you want to discontinue the current
approach?” appears. The G1000 directs the pilot back to the transition waypoint and does not take into
consideration any missed approach procedures, if the current approach is reactivated.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
After flying the missed approach procedure, the pilot may reactivate the same approach for another attempt by
pressing the PROC Key. Once the clearance is given for another attempt, activate the approach by highlighting
‘Activate Approach’ using the large FMS Knob and pressing the ENT Key. The G1000 provides navigation
along the desired course to the waypoint and rejoins the approach in sequence from that point.
AFCS
To activate a new approach for the same airport, select the new procedure by pressing the PROC Key. Choose
‘Select Approach’, select the desired approach from the list shown, and press the ENT Key. Select the
desired transition, then activate the approach using the ENT Key.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
To activate a new approach to a different airport, press the Direct-to Key and select the desired airport using
the FMS Knobs. Press the ENT Key to accept the selected airport, then follow the steps in the preceding
paragraph to select an approach for the new airport.
APPENDICES
INDEX
190-00494-02 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
523
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EICAS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Appendix D
Blank Page
524
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
190-00494-02 Rev. B
Appendix E
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
General TIS Information
Introduction
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
NOTE: Aircraft without an operating transponder are invisible to TIS.
EICAS
The Traffic Information Service (TIS) provides traffic advisory information to non-TAS/TCAS-equipped
aircraft. TIS is a ground-based service providing the relative locations of all ATCRBS Mode-A and Mode-C
transponder equipped aircraft within a specified service volume. The TIS ground sensor uses real-time track
reports to generate traffic notification. The G1000 System displays TIS traffic information on the Traffic Map
Page of the MFD. TIS information may also be displayed for overlay on the MFD Navigation Map Page, as
well as on the PFD Inset Map. Surveillance data includes all transponder-equipped aircraft within the coverage
volume. The G1000 System displays up to eight traffic targets within a 7.5 nm radius, from 3,000 feet below,
to 3,500 feet above the requesting aircraft.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
TIS vs. TAS/TCAS
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
The Traffic Information System (TIS) is a ground-based service that requires contact with a ground station
through a datalink radio in order to receive traffic information. Traffic Advisory (TAS) and Traffic Collision
Avoidance Systems (TCAS) are self-contained. TAS/TCAS uses an airborne interrogator with a half-second
update rate, while TIS utilizes the terminal Mode-S ground interrogator and accompanying data link to provide
a five-second update rate. TIS and TAS/TCAS have similar ranges.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
TIS Limitations
NOTE: TIS is not intended to be used as a collision avoidance system and does not relieve the pilot of the
responsibility to “see and avoid” other aircraft. TIS shall not be used for avoidance maneuvers during
instrument meterorlogical conditions (IMC) or when there is no visual contact with the intruder aircraft.
AFCS
Note: Refer to the TIS Limitations section of the Aeronautical Information Manual (AIM) for a more
comprehensive explanation.
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
TIS relies on surveillance of the Mode-S radar system, which is a “secondary surveillance” radar system similar
to that used by ATCRBS. Many limitations are inherent in secondary radar surveillance. Information provided
by TIS is neither better nor more accurate than the information used by ATC. TIS is intended only to assist in
visual acquisition of other aircraft in visual meterological conditions (VMC). While TIS is a useful aid for visual
traffic avoidance, system limitations must be considered to ensure proper use. No recommended avoidance
maneuvers are given, nor authorized, as a direct result of a TIS intruder display or TIS advisory.
• TIS operation may be intermittent during turns or other maneuvering.
INDEX
• TIS is dependent on two-way, line-of-sight communications between the aircraft and the Mode-S radar
antenna. Whenever the structure of the aircraft comes between the transponder antenna and the groundbased radar antenna, the signal may be temporarily interrupted.
• Other limitations and anomalies associated with TIS are described in the AIM.
190-00494-02 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
525
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Appendix E
WARNING: Garmin is not responsible for Mode S geographical coverage. Operation of the ground stations
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
is the responsibility of the FAA. Refer to the AIM for a Terminal Mode S radar site map.
NOTE: TIS is unavailable at low altitudes in many areas of the United States. This is often the case in
mountainous regions.
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EICAS
TIS information is collected during a single radar sweep. Collected information is then sent through the
Mode S uplink on the next radar sweep. Because of this, the surveillance information is approximately five
seconds old. TIS ground station tracking software uses prediction algorithms to compensate for this delay.
These algorithms use track history data to calculate expected intruder positions consistent with the time of
display. Occasionally, aircraft maneuvering may cause variations in this calculation and create slight errors on
the Traffic Map Page. Errors affect relative bearing information and target track vector. This can cause a delay in
the displayed intruder information. However, intruder distance and altitude typically remain relatively accurate
and may be used to assist in spotting traffic.
The following errors are common examples:
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
• When the client or intruder aircraft maneuvers excessively or abruptly, the tracking algorithm may report
incorrect horizontal position until the maneuvering aircraft stabilizes.
• When a rapidly closing intruder is on a course that intercepts the client aircraft course at a shallow angle
(either overtaking or head-on) and either aircraft abruptly changes course within 0.25 nm, TIS may display
the intruder aircraft on the incorrect side of the client aircraft.
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
These are rare occurrences and are typically resolved within a few radar sweeps once the client/intruder
aircraft course stabilizes.
AFCS
Pilots using TIS can provide valuable assistance in the correction of malfunctions by reporting observations
of undesirable performance. Reports should identify the time of observation, location, type and identity of
the aircraft, and describe the condition observed. Reports should also include the type of transponder and
transponder software version. Since TIS performance is monitored by maintenance personnel, not ATC,
malfunctions should be reported in the following ways:
• By telephone to the nearest Flight Service Station (FSS) facility
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
• By FAA Form 8000-7, Safety Improvement Report (postage-paid card can be obtained at FAA FSSs, General
Aviation District Offices, Flight Standards District Offices, and General Aviation Fixed Base Operators)
526
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
190-00494-02 Rev. B
Appendix F
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Display Symbols
Airport
Basemap
Symbol
Item
Symbol
Item
Symbol
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Item
Interstate Highway
Unknown Airport
State Highway
Non-towered, Non-serviced Airport
EICAS
US Highway
Towered, Non-serviced Airport
National Highway
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Non-towered, Serviced Airport
Small City or Town
Medium City
Restricted (Private) Airport
Large City
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Towered, Serviced Airport
Heliport
Item
Symbol
Intersection
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
Traffic
NAVAIDS
Non-Threat Traffic (hollow diamond)
LOM (compass locator at outer marker)
VOR
Traffic Advisory, Out of Range
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
VOR/DME
Proximity Advisory (TAS system only)
AFCS
NDB (Non-directional Radio Beacon)
Traffic Advisory
VOR/ILS
VORTAC
APPENDICES
TACAN
INDEX
190-00494-02 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
527
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Appendix F
Line Symbols
Item
Symbol
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
ICAO Control Area
Class B Airspace
Mode C Tower Area
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EICAS
Warning Area
Alert Area
Caution Area
Danger Area
Prohibited Area
Restricted Area
Training Area
Unknown Area
Class C
Terminal Radar Service Area
Mode C Area
Military Operations Area (MOA)
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
State or Province Border
International Border
Road
AFCS
Railroad
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Lattitude/Longitude
Obstacle database
INDEX
Obstacle Symbol
APPENDICES
Unlighted Obstacle
Lighted Obstacle
< 1000 ft AGL > 1000 ft AGL < 1000 ft AGL > 1000 ft AGL
Obstacle
Color
Obstacle Location
Red
Obstacle within 100 ft or
above aircraft altitude
Yellow
Obstacle within 1000 ft of
aircraft altitude
Gray
Obstacle more than 1000
ft below aircraft altitude
Table F-1 Obstacle Symbols and Colors
528
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
190-00494-02 Rev. B
Appendix F
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Terrain Color Chart
Potential Impact Point
100 ft Threshold
Unlighted Obstacle
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Terrain above or
within 100 ft
below the aircraft
altitude
Projected Flight Path
1000 ft
EICAS
Terrain Color
Terrain Location
Terrain between 100 ft and 1000 ft below the
aircraftTerrain
altitude
Red (WARNING)
above or within 100 ft below aircraft altitude
Yellow (CAUTION) Terrain between 100 ft and 1000 ft of aircraft altitude
Terrain more than 1000 ft below the aircraft altitude
Black (NO DANGER) Terrain more than 1000 ft below aircraft altitude
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Potential Impact Points
Figure F-2 TAWS Symbols & Colors
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Miscellaneous
Item
Symbol
Item
Elevation Pointer
Parallel Track Waypoint
Wind Vector
Unanchored Flight Path Waypoint
Measuring Pointer
Top of Descent (TOD)
Overzoom Indicator
Bottom of Descent (BOD)
Terrain Proximity or TAWS Enabled
Navigating using Dead Reckoning
APPENDICES
Vertical Navigation Along Track Waypoint
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Default Map Pointer
AFCS
User Waypoint
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
ARTCC Frequency or FSS Frequency
Symbol
Traffic Enabled
INDEX
190-00494-02 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
529
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EICAS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Appendix F
Blank Page
530
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
190-00494-02 Rev. B
Index
Calibrated Airspeed-----------------------------------------241
Cargo---------------------------------------------------------246
CDI----------------------------------------------------- 131, 504
Chart Not Available---------------------------------- 451, 470
Chart options------------------------------------------- 46, 455
CHART SETUP box------------------------------------------453
ChartView----------------------------------------------------434
ChartView database------------------------------------ 89–90
ChartView functions----------------------------------------134
Clearance recorder------------------------------------------211
Code selection softkeys------------------------------------365
Comparator--------------------------------------------------490
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
AFCS
E
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
Emergency Descent Mode (EDM)------------------------- 27
Emergency frequency---------------------------------------121
Engine Indication System (EIS)----------------------------247
Entering Flight ID-------------------------------------------247
APPENDICES
F
Failure
Input-------------------------------------------------------- 18
FD-------------------------------------------------------------506
Field of View (SVS)------------------------------------------- 88
Flap Indicator------------------------------------------------- 85
Flap speed references--------------------------------------- 99
Flight director
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
INDEX
190-00494-02 Rev. B
Data Bar fields, MFD---------------------------------------- 37
Database------------------------------------------------------ 15
Databases----------------------------------------------------509
Data link-------------------------------------------------------- 1
Datalink receiver troubleshooting------------------------486
Date and time------------------------------------------------ 35
Day/Night views-------------------------------------- 451, 470
Day view---------------------------------------------- 452, 471
Dead reckoning---------------------------------------------- 79
Decision height (DH)---------------------------------------- 41
Declutter, display--------------------------------------------212
Delete Flight Plans------------------------------------------213
Deleting an entire airway----------------------------------213
Deleting an entire procedure------------------------------213
Deleting an individual waypoint--------------------------243
Deleting Flight Plan Items---------------------------------- 27
Density Altitude---------------------------------------------- 47
Departure
Select-------------------------------------------------------204
Timer-------------------------------------------------------241
Departure procedure---------------------------------------120
Departure Time----------------------------------------------109
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
Backcourse Mode-------------------------------------------394
Backlighting-------------------------------------------------- 42
Barometric setting, altimeter------------------------------245
D
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
B
EICAS
Activate a Flight Plan---------------------------------------211
Active frequency--------------------------------------- 47, 119
ADF---------------------------------------------------------117
ADF
ADF mode--------------------------------------- 117, 48–50
ANT mode-------------------------------------------------109
Volume-----------------------------------------------------120
ADF audio----------------------------------------------------- 18
ADF/BFO-----------------------------------------------------119
ADF/DME tuning--------------------------------------------- 52
ADF volume--------------------------------------------------- 38
AFCS status annunciation---------------------------------367
AFCS status box---------------------------------------------- 46
AFCS Status Box--------------------------------------------- 36
AHRS---------------------------------- 36, 501, 502, 503, 492
Aircraft symbol----------------------------------------------173
Aircraft Symbol----------------------------------------------- 39
Air Data Computer------------------------------46, 491, 492
Airport
Information------------------------------------------------ 32
Nearest----------------------------------------------------- 86
Airspace alerts-----------------------------------------------119
Airspeed Reference---------------------------------- 215, 216
Alerting System---------------------------------------------491
Alert messages----------------------------------------------502
Alerts
Audio voice-----------------------------------------------489
Along Track Offset------------------------------------------101
ALT------------------------------------------------------------111
Altimeter---------------------------------------------- 372, 373
Altitude buffer-----------------------------------------------328
Altitude constraints---------------------------------- 208, 236
Altitude Hold Mode----------------------------------------239
Annunciations, G1000 System--------------------- 407, 491
ANT/BFO-----------------------------------------------------206
Antenna tilt--------------------------------------------------409
AP-------------------------------------------------------------506
Approach-----------------------------------------------------520
Loading----------------------------------------------------408
WAAS------------------------------------------------------143
Attitude & Heading Reference System-------------------491
Attitude indicator-------------------------------------------411
Aural alerts--------------------------------------------------508
Automatic Flight Control System (AFCS)
Alerts-------------------------------------------------------506
Autopilot-----------------------------------------------------506
Autopilot Disconnect-------------------------- 432, 433, 455
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
C
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
A
I-1
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Index
EICAS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
Modes, vertical------------------------------------ 387–412
Flight director (FD)----------------------------------- 370–384
Modes, vertical-------------------------------------------375
Flight plan
Storing-----------------------------------------------------520
Flight timer---------------------------------------------------457
FliteCharts---------------------------------------------------474
FliteCharts cycle---------------------------------------------457
FliteCharts expiration------------------------------- 243, 246
FliteCharts functions---------------------------------------243
Frequently asked questions--------------------------------519
G
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
Gain-------------------------------------------------------------- 1
GDC 74A-----------------------------------------------------276
GDL 69/69A----------------------------------------------- 57, 1
GDU 1040----------------------------------------------- 26–28
GEA 71-------------------------------------------------------- 15
GFC 700------------------------------------------------------383
GIA 63--------------------------------------------------------408
Glidepath-------------------------------------------------------- 1
Glidepath indicator------------------------------------------ 41
Glidepath Mode------------------------------------------------ 1
Glidepath Mode (GP)---------------------------------------385
Glideslope------------------------------------------------------- 1
Glideslope indicator----------------------------------------121
GMA 1347--------------------------------------386, 409–410
H
Heading----------------------------------------------- 321, 322
Heading Select Mode--------------------------------------108
HI SENS-------------------------------------------------------108
AFCS
I
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
ID indicator--------------------------------------------------407
ILS approach-------------------------------------------------- 86
Intersection
Information-----------------------------------------------211
IOI-------------------------------------------------------------507
J
Jeppesen aviation database-------------------------------509
APPENDICES
K
Key(s)------------------------------------------------------- 8, 10
Land Symbols------------------------------------------------154
Lateral modes, flight director----------------------- 387–412
INDEX
Mach number--------------------------------------------- 19, 1
Magnetometer----------------------------------------------- 31
Map Panning------------------------------------------------- 37
Marker beacon----------------------------------------------- 22
Message advisories-505, 504, 503, 502, 501, 500, 497, 496,
495, 494, 498
MET-----------------------------------------------------------506
Minimums----------------------------------------------------508
MISCOMP----------------------------------------------------490
Mistrim-------------------------------------------------------506
N
National Weather Service----------------------------------309
NAV1 audio--------------------------------------------------109
NAV2 audio--------------------------------------------------109
Navigation database----------------------------------- 63–65
Navigation Map---------------------------------------------108
Navigation Mode----------------------- 390–391, 401–402
Navigation mode selection--------------------------------- 38
Navigation (NAV) frequency window--------------------108
Nearest
VOR--------------------------------------------------------173
Nearest Airport
Minimum Runway Length----------------- 171, 173, 172
Night view-------------------------------------------- 452, 471
NO COMP----------------------------------------------------490
Non-path descent------------------------------381, 405–406
O
OBS mode------------------------------------------------ 69–70
Obstacles---------------------------------------------- 498, 497
Omni Bearing Selector (OBS)----------------------- 520–521
P
Page groups--------------------------------------------- 30–33
Parallel Track------------------------------------------ 217, 218
Passenger----------------------------------------------------246
Passenger address (PA) system---------------------------- 51
Passengers-------------------------------------------- 245, 246
Pilot and Stores Weight------------------------------------245
Pitch Hold Mode--------------------------------------------128
Power-up page----------------------------------------------454
Q
Quick tuning 121.500 MHz-------------------------------100
L
I-2
M
R
RAIM-235, 248, 249, 248, 250, 249, 248, 250, 251, 249
Ram air temperature (RAT)-----------------------------46, 71
Range---------------------------------------------------------164
Receiver Autonomous Integrity Monitoring (RAIM)-248, 519
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
190-00494-02 Rev. B
Index
WAAS-------------------------------------------- 252, 398, 498
WAAS precision approach---------------------------------408
Warranty--------------------------------------------------------- i
WATCH-------------------------------------------------------- 31
Waypoint
Automatic sequencing----------------------------------521
Skipping---------------------------------------------------521
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
X
XM
XM weather products
Activating---------------------------------------------------- 4
XM radio-----------------------------------------------------476
XM radio active channel-----------------------------------479
XM radio channel list---------------------------------------478
XM radio presets--------------------------------------------481
XM radio service class--------------------------------------477
XM radio troubleshooting---------------------------------486
XM radio volume--------------------------------------------481
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
AFCS
Z
Zoom
Auto--------------------------------------------------------143
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
APPENDICES
Takeoff Mode------------------------------------------------386
TAS------------------------------------------------------------501
TAWS-------------------------------------------------- 508, 507
Terminal procedures charts------------------------- 435, 458
Terrain--------------------------------------------------------497
Terrain awareness and warning system (TAWS)
Annunciation---------------------------------------------- 41
Tilt line--------------------------------------------------------118
Timer----------------------------------------------------------504
Departure--------------------------------------------------268
Flight-------------------------------------------------------- 46
Timer, PFD generic------------------------------------------151
Time, system-------------------------------------------------153
Track----------------------------------------------------------123
Traffic
Annunciation---------------------------------------------- 61
Traffic Information Service (TIS)-------------------- 525–526
Transponder code entry------------------------------------- 99
Transponder mode field------------------------------------243
Turn anticipation--------------------------------------------521
W
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
T
VDI------------------------------------------------------------- 54
Vertical deviation-------------------------------------------380
Vertical navigation------------------------------------------126
Vertical Navigation flight control------------------ 378–382
Vertical Path Tracking Mode------------------378–379, 404
Vertical scan-------------------------------------------------- 75
Vertical Speed Mode---------------------------------------374
Vertical Speed Reference----------------------------------374
Vertical track-------------------------------------------------508
VFR code------------------------------------------------------ 49
VNAV-------------------------------------------------- 378–381
VNAV Target Altitude---------------------------------------382
VNV---------------------------------------------------- 518, 505
EICAS
SafeTaxi-----------------428, 430, 431, 432, 433, 428, 413
SafeTaxi database-------------------------------------------432
SBAS----------------------------------------------------------327
Scheduler----------------------------------------482, 413–414
Secure Digital (SD) card------------------------------------509
Selected altitude--------------------------------------------- 98
Selected Altitude------------ 371, 372, 373, 374, 378, 386
Selected Course-------------------------------------- 389, 364
Selected heading---------------------------------------- 20–23
Selecting a COM radio-------------------------------------- 46
Sensor------------------------------------------- 491, 490, 491
Sequencing, automatic-------------------------------------521
Slip/Skid indicator-------------------------------------- 101, 98
Symbols, map------------------------------------------------527
System annunciations--------------------------------------491
System message advisories--------------------------------494
V
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
S
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Required Obstacle Clearance-----------------------------339
Required Vertical Speed------------------------------------269
Required Vertical Speed Indicator--------------------------- 4
Reversionary mode------------------------------------------ 38
Reversionary sensor----------------------------------------491
Reversionary sensor window------------------------------- 38
ROC-----------------------------------------------------------507
Roll Hold Mode---------------------------------------------- 99
INDEX
U
Unable to display chart----------------------------- 436, 459
Updating Garmin databases------------------------------432
Using XM radio---------------------------------------------478
190-00494-02 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
I-3
INDEX
APPENDICES
ADDITIONAL
FEATURES
AFCS
HAZARD
AVOIDANCE
FLIGHT
MANAGEMENT
AUDIO PANEL
& CNS
EICAS
FLIGHT
INSTRUMENTS
SYSTEM
OVERVIEW
Index
Blank Page
I-4
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Cessna Citation Mustang
190-00494-02 Rev. B
G1000
®
Integrated Flight Deck
Pilot’s Guide
®
G1000 Pilot’s Guide
Garmin International, Inc.
1200 East 151st Street
Olathe, KS 66062, U.S.A.
p:913.397.8200
f:913.397.8282
Garmin (Europe) Ltd.
Liberty House, Bulls Copse Road
Houndsdown Business Park
Southampton, SO40 9RB, U.K.
p:44/0870.8501241
f:44/0870.8501251
Garmin Corporation
No. 68, Jangshu 2nd Road
Shijr, Taipei County, Taiwan
p:886/02.2642.9199
f:886/02.2642.9099
www.garmin.com
Cessna Citation
Mustang
Garmin AT, Inc.
2345 Turner Road SE
Salem, OR 97302, U.S.A.
p:503.391.3411
f:503.364.2138
190-00494-02
Revision A
Cessna Citation Mustang
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