Garmin | G1000: Diamond DA40/DA40F | Garmin G1000: Diamond DA40/DA40F Airplane Flight Manual Supplement, Garmin G1000 Synthetic Vision And Pathways Option

Garmin G1000: Diamond DA40/DA40F Airplane Flight Manual Supplement, Garmin G1000 Synthetic Vision And Pathways Option
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GARMIN G1000 SYNTHETIC VISION AND PATHWAYS OPTION
DIAMOND DA40/DA40F
190-00492-08 Rev 1
ii
AIRPLANE FLIGHT MANUAL SUPPLEMENT
GARMIN G1000 SYNTHETIC VISION AND PATHWAYS OPTION
DIAMOND DA40/DA40F
LOG OF REVISIONS
Revision
Number
Page
Number(s)
1
All
Description
Initial Release
FAA
Approved
Date of
Approval
See Cover
See Cover
GARMIN G1000 SYNTHETIC VISION AND PATHWAYS OPTION
DIAMOND DA40/DA40F
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AIRPLANE FLIGHT MANUAL SUPPLEMENT
GARMIN G1000 SYNTHETIC VISION AND PATHWAYS OPTION
DIAMOND DA40/DA40F
Table of Contents
SECTION 1 GENERAL..........................................................................1-1
SECTION 2 LIMITATIONS ....................................................................2-1
SECTION 3 EMERGENCY PROCEDURES .........................................3-1
SECTION 4A NORMAL PROCEDURES ........................................... 4A-1
SECTION 4B ABNORMAL PROCEDURES ...................................... 4B-1
SECTION 5 PERFORMANCE ...............................................................5-1
SECTION 6 WEIGHT AND BALANCE .................................................6-1
SECTION 7 SYSTEM DESCRIPTIONS ................................................7-1
GARMIN G1000 SYNTHETIC VISION AND PATHWAYS OPTION
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GARMIN G1000 SYNTHETIC VISION AND PATHWAYS OPTION
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AIRPLANE FLIGHT MANUAL SUPPLEMENT
GARMIN G1000 SYNTHETIC VISION AND PATHWAYS OPTION
DIAMOND DA40/DA40F
SECTION 1
GENERAL
This document describes the Synthetic Vision sub system (SVS) that is
an optional part of the Garmin G1000 Integrated Avionics System. This
information supplements the information presented in the Aircraft Flight
Manual and the Garmin G1000 Aircraft Flight Manual Supplement.
The purpose of SVS is to assist the pilot in maintaining situational
awareness with regard to the terrain and traffic surrounding the aircraft
and the navigational situation relative to the programmed flight plan. A
typical SVS display is shown below.
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SVS provides additional features on the G1000 primary flight display
(PFD) which display the following information:
•
Synthetic Terrain; an artificial, database derived, three
dimensional view of the terrain ahead of the aircraft within a field
of view of approximately 30 degrees left and 35 degrees right of
the aircraft heading.
•
Obstacles; obstacles such as towers, including buildings over
200’ AGL that are within the depicted synthetic terrain field of
view.
•
Flight Path Marker (FPM); an indication of the current lateral
and vertical path of the aircraft. The FPM is always displayed
when synthetic terrain is selected for display.
•
Pathway; a pilot selectable three dimensional representation of
the programmed flight plan path that can be selected for display
alone or with the flight director anytime synthetic terrain is
selected for display.
•
Traffic; a display on the PFD indicating the position of other
aircraft detected by the Traffic Information System (TIS)
component of the G1000 system.
•
Horizon Line; a white line indicating level pitch attitude is always
displayed on the SVS display.
•
Horizon Heading; a pilot selectable display of heading marks
displayed just above the horizon line on the PFD.
•
Airport Signs; pilot selectable “signposts” displayed on the
synthetic terrain display indicating the position of nearby airports
that are in the G1000 database.
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•
Runway Highlight; a highlighted presentation of the location
and orientation of the runway(s) at the destination airport.
The synthetic terrain depiction displays an area approximating the view
from the pilot’s eye position when looking directly ahead out the
windshield in front of the pilot. Terrain features outside this field of view
are not shown on the display.
The synthetic terrain display is intended to aid the pilot’s awareness of
the terrain and obstacles in front of the airplane. It may not provide either
the accuracy or fidelity, or both, on which to solely base decisions and
plan maneuvers to avoid terrain or obstacles. The synthetic vision
elements are not intended to be used for primary aircraft control in place
of the primary flight instruments.
The Pathway presentation is intended only to aid the pilot’s awareness of
the programmed flight path location relative to the airplane’s current
position. No vertical Pathway information is presented for climbs.
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SECTION 2
LIMITATIONS
FAA APPROVED
1.
Use of the Synthetic Vision system display elements alone
for aircraft control without reference to the G1000 primary
flight instruments or the aircraft standby instruments is
prohibited.
2.
Use of the Synthetic Vision system alone for navigation, or
obstacle or terrain avoidance is prohibited.
3.
Use of the SVS traffic display alone to avoid other aircraft is
prohibited.
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SECTION 3
EMERGENCY PROCEDURES
No change. Refer to the basic aircraft flight manual or aircraft specific
flight manual supplements.
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SECTION 4A
NORMAL PROCEDURES
Turn Synthetic Vision on/off
SVS may be turned on or off as desired. To turn the synthetic vision
system on or off;
On the PFD;
PFD key .................................................................................press
SYN VIS key ..........................................................................press
SYN TERR key .................................................... press as desired
The synthetic vision system will cycle on or off with each press of the
SYN TERR key. The Flight Path Marker is displayed anytime
SYN TERR is selected for display.
Turn Pathways on/off
On the PFD;
PFD key .................................................................................press
SYN VIS key ..........................................................................press
PATHWAY key .................................................... press as desired
The Pathway display will cycle on or off with each press of the
PATHWAY key. The Pathway can be displayed separately or in
conjunction with the flight director.
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NOTE:
If displayed, the Pathway may be quickly turned off by
pressing the PFD softkey at the bottom of the PFD followed by
two presses of the far left PFD soft key.
Turn Horizon Heading on/off
On the PFD;
PFD key .................................................................................press
SYN VIS key ..........................................................................press
HRZN HDG key ................................................... press as desired
The horizon heading display will cycle on or off with each press of
the HRZN HDG key.
Turn Airport Signs on/off
On the PFD;
PFD key .................................................................................press
SYN VIS key ..........................................................................press
APTSIGNS key .................................................... press as desired
The airport signs will cycle on or off with each press of the
APTSIGNS key.
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Use of Pathway
If Synthetic Terrain is displayed on the PFD, the Pathway may be used
to assist the pilot’s awareness of the programmed lateral and vertical
navigation path. Pathway is available when the selected CDI is set to
GPS, or is set to localizer for an ILS approach. The following sections
describe the basic use of the Pathway in various flight segments. For
more detailed information, consult the G1000 Pilot’s Guide.
Departure
Prior to departure, load and activate the desired flight plan into the
G1000 FMS, set the initial altitude on the G1000 altitude selector and
select GPS on the HSI display just as you would without SVS.
The programmed flight path will be displayed as a series of magenta
boxes along the path at the pre-selected altitude subject to the following
conditions;
•
The first Pathway segment displayed will be the first GPS course
leg.
•
The Pathway must be within the SVS field of view of 30 degrees
left and 35 degrees right. If the programmed path is outside that
field of view, the Pathway will not be visible on the display until
the aircraft has turned toward the course.
•
The Pathway will be displayed at either the altitude selected on
the G1000 selector OR the altitude published for the procedure
(e.g. SID) WHICHEVER IS HIGHER.
After departure, the primary aircraft control must be by reference to the
primary aircraft instruments. The SVS and Pathway displays should be
used to aid in awareness of the terrain and programmed flight path.
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Prior to intercepting the programmed course, the Pathway will be
displayed as a series of magenta “boxes” with pointers at each corner
that point in the direction of the programmed course. The Pathway
boxes will not be displayed on portions of the course line that would lead
the pilot to intercept the course in the wrong direction.
As the aircraft approaches the center of the programmed course and
altitude, the number of Pathway boxes will decrease to a maximum of
four.
Enroute
When enroute, the Pathway will be displayed along the lateral path
defined by the flight plan, at the altitude selected on the G1000 altitude
selector.
Flight plan changes in altitude that require a climb will be indicated by the
Pathway being displayed as a level path at the altitude entered for the
current flight plan leg. Because the G1000 system does not have
information available to it about aircraft performance, climb profiles are
not displayed by the Pathway.
If the programmed flight plan includes one or more defined VNAV
descent segments, the descent path(s) will be displayed by the Pathway
as prompted by the G1000 FMS.
If the flight plan includes a significant change in course at a waypoint, the
Pathway boxes toward the currently active waypoint will be magenta in
color. The boxes defining the next flight plan segment may be visible,
but will be displayed in a white color.
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Enroute Pathway Altitude Display
Approach
During approach, the SVS and Pathway displays should only be used to
maintain awareness with regard to the surrounding terrain and the
programmed flight path. Primary aircraft control must be accomplished
by reference to the primary flight instruments and, if desired, the flight
director.
GPS approach
During a GPS approach, the lateral path and altitude will be displayed by
the Pathway in magenta along each segment including the path required
to track course reversals that are part of the approach procedure (such
as a holding pattern). Approach descent segments will be displayed by
the Pathway as published in the approach procedure.
If Vectors-To-Final is selected as the approach transition, the Pathway
will display the final approach course inbound to the Missed Approach
Point (MAP). The Pathway will be shown level at the altitude set in the
G1000 altitude selector, up to the point along the final approach course
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where the selected altitude intercepts the extended GP. If the altitude
selector is set to an altitude below the airplane’s current altitude, the
Pathway will appear below the airplane altitude and the pilot must use
normal descent techniques to intercept the GP. If the altitude selector is
set to an altitude above the current airplane altitude, the Pathway will be
displayed above the airplane until the aircraft intercepts the GP. From
the GP intercept point, the pathway will be shown inbound to the MAP
along the published lateral and vertical descent path.
ILS approach
When an ILS approach is programmed into the G1000 FMS, the initial
approach segments will be displayed by the Pathway in magenta at the
procedure segment altitudes, if they are being flown by reference to a
GPS path (CDI is displaying GPS course guidance). When the CDI is
switched to localizer inbound to the final approach fix, the Pathway will
be displayed in green along the localizer lateral path and glideslope
vertical path.
If Vectors-To-Final is selected as the approach transition, the Pathway
will display the final approach course inbound to the Missed Approach
Point (MAP). The Pathway will be shown level at the altitude set in the
G1000 altitude selector, up to the point along the final approach course
where the selected altitude intercepts the extended GS. If the altitude
selector is set to an altitude below the airplane’s current altitude, the
Pathway will appear below the airplane altitude and the pilot must use
normal descent techniques to intercept the GS. If the altitude selector is
set to an altitude above the current airplane altitude, the Pathway will be
displayed above the airplane until the aircraft intercepts the GS. From
the GS intercept point, the pathway will be shown inbound to the MAP
along the published localizer and glideslope.
VOR, LOC BC, or other approach
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Approach segments for a VOR, LOC BC, ADF or other approach that are
approved to be flown by reference to GPS will be displayed by the
Pathway in a magenta color. Approach segments that are defined by
other than a GPS or ILS, such as heading legs or VOR defined final
approach course, will not be displayed by the Pathway.
Missed approach
When the missed approach is selected on the G1000 FMS, and GPS is
displayed on the CDI, the Pathway to the Missed Approach Holding Point
will be displayed just as described for the departure segment.
The pilot must assure that the aircraft path will, at all times, comply with
the requirements of the published missed approach procedure.
If the initial missed approach leg is a leg defined by other than a GPS
course, the Pathway will not be displayed for that segment.
If the course to the Missed Approach Holding Point is out of the SVS field
of view during the initial missed approach climb, the Pathway will not be
visible on the PFD until the aircraft is turned toward the course.
The Pathway will be displayed at the published missed approach altitude
OR the altitude set on the G1000 altitude selector WHICHEVER IS
HIGHER. If the G1000 altitude selector is set to MDA on the final
approach segment and not reset during the initial missed approach, the
Pathway will still be displayed at the published missed approach altitude.
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SECTION 4B
ABNORMAL PROCEDURES
SVS Displays information inconsistent with G1000 primary flight
instrumentation.
On the PFD:
PFD key .................................................................................press
SYN VIS key ..........................................................................press
SYN TERR key ......................................................................press
SVS is removed from the PFD ............................................. Verify
Use G1000 primary displays for navigation and aircraft control.
G1000 operation in display backup mode
Select display backup mode on the G1000 system.
NOTE:
When display backup mode is selected, the MFD will initially
present a non-SVS (blue sky over solid brown ground) display.
SVS will be presented on the backup display within 20
seconds if it was enabled on the PFD when display backup
was selected.
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SECTION 5
PERFORMANCE
No change. Refer to the basic aircraft flight manual or aircraft specific
flight manual supplements.
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SECTION 6
WEIGHT AND BALANCE
No change. Refer to current weight and balance data for your aircraft.
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SECTION 7
SYSTEM DESCRIPTIONS
General
The SVS sub system is dependent upon terrain data provided by the
underlying G1000 system. If, for some reason, the terrain data is not
available from the G1000, all of the components of SVS will be
unavailable. The flight path marker, horizon heading, and airport signs
are all sub-components of the Synthetic Terrain display and are only
available when Synthetic Terrain is enabled. Those features are
selected or de-selected using the PFD softkeys on the SVS menu.
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Synthetic Terrain
The synthetic (3D) terrain display on the PFD provides a perspective
view of the terrain ahead of the aircraft showing ground features up to 30
degrees left and 35 degrees right of the airplane heading. The terrain
display is derived from the same terrain data contained in the G1000
system that is optionally used to display terrain on the MFD map display.
The terrain data has a resolution of 9 arc-seconds, this means that the
terrain elevation contours in the database are stored broken down into
squares 9 arc-seconds on each side. That data is processed and
smoothed by the G1000 system to provide the synthetic terrain display.
In some instances, terrain features such as lakes in mountainous areas
may be presented by SVS as if the lake water extends somewhat up the
mountainside. This is due to the limitations of the terrain database
resolution but is not significant for the approved uses of SVS.
The SVS terrain display will show land contours; large water features;
and, towers and other obstacles over 200 ft AGL (including buildings),
that are included in the G1000 obstacle database. In order to provide a
clean, uncluttered PFD display, cultural features on the ground such as;
roads and highways, railroad tracks, cities, and political boundaries
(state / county borders) are not displayed on the PFD even if those
features are selected for display on the MFD.
The colors used to
display the terrain elevation contours are similar to those used on the
MFD map. The terrain display also includes a north-south, east-west
grid to assist in orientation relative to the terrain.
The terrain display is intended to serve as an awareness tool only. It may
not provide either the accuracy or fidelity, or both, on which to solely
base decisions and plan maneuvers to avoid terrain or obstacles.
Navigation must not be predicated solely upon the use of the TAWS,
Terrain or Obstacle data displayed by G1000 SVS.
The Terrain/Obstacle/Airport databases have an area of coverage as
detailed below:
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•
The Terrain Database has an area of coverage from North 90°
Latitude to South 90° Latitude in all longitudes.
•
The Obstacle Database has an area of coverage that includes the
United States and Europe.
NOTE
The area of coverage may be modified, as additional
terrain data sources become available.
Obstacle and Terrain Alerts and Warnings
Obstacles and terrain displayed on SVS may be highlighted if an alert or
warning is generated by the G1000 Terrain or TAWS system. If an
obstacle alert is presented for an obstacle that is in the SVS field of view,
the obstacle symbol on the PFD will turn yellow in color. If an obstacle
warning is generated by the G1000 system, the obstacle symbol on the
PFD will turn red.
If the G1000 Terrain or TAWS system generates a terrain alert or
warning, the terrain feature displayed on the PFD will be colored yellow
for an alert or red for a warning for as long as the alert remains valid.
Because the area monitored by the Terrain or TAWS system can be
wider than the field of view that can be displayed by SVS, it is possible to
receive an obstacle or terrain audible alert for an obstacle or terrain that
is not shown on the SVS display. In those cases, the object generating
the alert will be left or right of the aircraft. Refer to the other displays in
the aircraft to determine the cause of the message.
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Flight Path Marker
The SVS display includes a green circular barbed symbol called the
Flight Path Marker (FPM) that represents the current path of the airplane
relative to the terrain display. The FPM is always displayed when
synthetic terrain is displayed and the aircraft ground speed exceeds
30 kt. The FPM indicates the current lateral and vertical path of the
airplane as determined by the GPS sensor. If the FPM is above the
horizon line, the airplane is climbing, and similarly if the FPM is below the
horizon line, the airplane is descending. If the airplane is flying in a
crosswind, the FPM will be offset from the center of the display. In that
case, the center of the PFD airplane reference symbol indicates the
airplane heading and the FPM indicates the direction that the airplane is
actually moving, taking into account the crosswind.
The FPM indicates the current path of the airplane but does not predict
the future path. If aircraft attitude, power setting, airspeed, crosswind,
etc. are changed, the FPM will move to indicate the new path resulting
from those changes.
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If the FPM is below the terrain or obstacle displayed behind it on the
PFD, the current aircraft path will not clear that terrain or obstacle. If the
FPM is above that terrain or obstacle, the aircraft will clear the terrain or
obstacle IF, AND ONLY IF, THE CURRENT AIRCRAFT
CONFIGURATION IS MAINTAINED, AND THE AIRCRAFT
PERFORMANCE WILL PERMIT YOU TO MAINTAIN THE CURRENT
VERTICAL (CLIMB) GRADIENT UNTIL PAST THE TERRAIN OR
OBSTACLE.
Pathway
If PATHWAY is enabled on the SVS menu of the PFD and a defined
navigation path has been entered on the G1000, SVS will display a
pathway, sometimes called a “highway in the sky” or HITS. The pathway
is a perspective representation of the programmed flight path. When the
aircraft is well off course, the pathway will be displayed as a number
boxes floating in the sky along the programmed lateral and vertical path.
As the aircraft intercepts the programmed flight path, the number of
boxes displayed will be reduced to a maximum of four to avoid cluttering
the PFD display. The pathway is only displayed for navigation paths that
are fully defined by the sensor in use: GPS and ILS paths. Because a
fully defined lateral and vertical path through space is not defined by
them, a Pathway is not displayed for VOR, LOC, BC or ADF segments.
When the Pathway is displayed, the color of the boxes indicates the
sensor generating the path. If the GPS sensor is in use, the boxes will
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be magenta colored. If the ILS sensor is defining the path in use, the
boxes will be green.
The Pathway boxes are ± 100 ft in vertical dimension and approximately
±380 ft horizontally from the center of the box. During GPS and ILS
approaches, the Pathway box dimensions are reduced to reflect the
narrower approach course. The Pathway presentation is intended only
to aid the pilot in awareness of the programmed flight path location
relative to the airplane’s current position. The pathway is not intended for
use as a primary reference in tracking the navigation path.
If a GPS based descent profile has been programmed either on the
G1000 flight plan page or as part of an approach or STAR, the descent
will be displayed by the Pathway. Climb paths are never displayed by
the Pathway. If a profile requires a climb, the Pathway will be displayed
as a level segment at the higher of the altitude defined by the
programmed path or the G1000 altitude selector.
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Traffic
If traffic that is within the SVS field of view is detected by the G1000 TIS
system, a symbol will be displayed on the PFD indicating the direction
and relative altitude of the traffic. The traffic will be displayed as a white
diamond unless it generates a traffic alert. Traffic that causes an alert
will be displayed as a solid yellow circle accompanied by a yellow
TRAFFIC annunciator to the right of top of the airspeed display tape.
Horizon line
The SVS display includes an always visible white horizon line that
represents aircraft zero pitch.
Terrain will be presented behind the
horizon line, and terrain shown above the horizon line is above the
current aircraft altitude.
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Horizon Heading
A heading scale may be displayed on the PFD horizon line, if selected by
the pilot. The heading marks are spaced in even 30 degree increments
and are presented just above the horizon line with tic marks that intersect
the horizon line. The horizon heading will correspond to that presented
by the HSI. Because the horizon heading is only displayed in 30 degree
increments, it should only be used for general heading awareness and
not be used to establish the aircraft heading.
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Airport Signs and runway highlight
If APTSIGNS is selected, a “sign post” along with a representation of the
runways will be plotted on the SVS display for nearby airports that are
contained in the G1000 airport database. The signpost will become
visible when you are within approximately 15nm of the airport. The text
identifier for the airport will be displayed inside the airport sign when the
aircraft reaches approximately 8 nm from the airport. Once the aircraft
reaches approximately 4.5 nm from the airport, the airport sign will be
removed but the airport runway presentation will remain. If an approach
to a specific runway has been loaded and activated, that runway will be
highlighted on the SVS display.
When on an approach, the highlight for the approach runway will be
considerably larger than “normal” to assist in visually acquiring the
runway. The oversized highlight will automatically shrink around the
runway depiction so that the runway is proportionally displayed when the
aircraft is within approximately ½ nm of the threshold. Runway
highlighting is displayed even if APTSIGNS are turned off.
GARMIN G1000 SYNTHETIC VISION AND PATHWAYS OPTION
DIAMOND DA40/DA40F
190-00492-08 Rev 1
7-9
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