Garmin | G1000: Diamond DA40/DA40F | Garmin G1000: Diamond DA40/DA40F Airplane Flight Manual Supplement, Garmin G1000 Electronic Stability And Protection (ESP) Option

Garmin G1000: Diamond DA40/DA40F Airplane Flight Manual Supplement, Garmin G1000 Electronic Stability And Protection (ESP) Option
This page is intentionally blank.
190-00492-09 Rev. 1
ESP Option in Diamond DA40 / DA40F
ii
Garmin International, Inc
FAA Approved Airplane Flight Manual Supplement for
Electronic Stability and Protection (ESP) Option
in the Diamond DA40 / DA40F
Log Of Revisions
REV
NO.
PAGE
NO(S)
1
ALL
190-00492-09 Rev. 1
DESCRIPTION
Original Issue
DATE OF
APPROVAL
FAA APPROVED
See Cover
See Cover
ESP Option in Diamond DA40 / DA40F
iii
This page is intentionally blank.
190-00492-09 Rev. 1
ESP Option in Diamond DA40 / DA40F
iv
Table of Contents
Section 1 - General ..................................................................................................... 1-1
Section 2 – Limitations .............................................................................................. 2-1
Section 3 – Emergency Procedures ......................................................................... 3-1
Section 4A – Normal Procedures ........................................................................... 4A-1
Section 4B – Abnormal Procedures ...................................................................... 4B-1
Section 5 – Performance ........................................................................................... 5-1
Section 6 – Weight and Balance ............................................................................... 6-1
Section 7 – Airplane and Systems Description ....................................................... 7-1
Section 8 – Handling, Preventive, and Corrective Maintenance ............................ 8-1
190-00492-09 Rev. 1
ESP Option in Diamond DA40 / DA40F
v
This page is intentionally blank.
190-00492-09 Rev. 1
ESP Option in Diamond DA40 / DA40F
vi
ESP Option in Diamond DA40 / DA40F
Section 1 - General
Section 1 - General
The information in this supplement is FAA-approved material and must be attached to the FAA Approved
Airplane Flight Manual (AFM) when the airplane has been modified by installation of the Garmin
Electronic Stability and Protection (ESP) Option in accordance with Garmin International, Inc. approved
data, STC SA01444WI-D.
The information in this supplement supersedes or adds to the basic AFM and the Garmin G1000 / GFC
700 AFMS. Users of the manual are advised to always refer to the supplement for possible superseding
information and placarding applicable to operation of the airplane.
Electronic Stability and Protection (ESP) is an optional function that is intended to assist the pilot in
maintaining the airplane in a safe flight condition within the airplane’s normal pitch, roll, and airspeed
envelopes.
190-00492-09 Rev. 1
ESP Option in Diamond DA40 / DA40F
1-1
ESP Option in Diamond DA40 / DA40F
Section 1 - General
ABBREVIATIONS AND TERMINOLOGY
The following glossary is applicable within the airplane flight manual supplement
AFCS
Automatic Flight Control System
AFM
Airplane Flight Manual
AFMS
Airplane Flight Manual Supplement
AP
Autopilot
CWS
Control Wheel Steering
ESP
Electronic Stability and Protection
GFC
Garmin Flight Control
GPS
Global Positioning System
IFR
Instrument Flight Rules
KIAS
Knots Indicated Air Speed
Kt(s)
Knot(s)
MFD
Multi Function Display
STC
Supplemental Type Certificate
190-00492-09 Rev. 1
ESP Option in Diamond DA40 / DA40F
1-2
ESP Option in Diamond DA40 / DA40F
Section 2 – Limitations
Section 2 – Limitations
No change. Refer to the Aircraft Flight Manual or the Garmin G1000 / GFC 700 Aircraft Flight Manual
Supplement.
190-00492-09 Rev. 1
FAA APPROVED
ESP Option in Diamond DA40 / DA40F
2-1
ESP Option in Diamond DA40 / DA40F
Section 3 – Emergency Procedures
Section 3 – Emergency Procedures
ESP ENGAGEMENT
1. USE FLIGHT CONTROLS AND THROTTLE as required to correct the abnormal
flight condition.
NOTE
If the airplane remains within the ESP engagement envelope for more than approximately 10 seconds,
the autopilot will automatically engage in LVL mode, and will be accompanied by an aural “ENGAGING
AUTOPILOT” alert. Refer to Section 7 – Systems Description, “Electronic Stability & Protection” (ESP)
for further information.
190-00492-09 Rev. 1
FAA APPROVED
ESP Option in Diamond DA40 / DA40F
3-1
ESP Option in Diamond DA40 / DA40F
Section 4A – Normal Procedures
Section 4A – Normal Procedures
No change. Refer to the Aircraft Flight Manual or the Garmin G1000 / GFC 700 Aircraft Flight Manual
Supplement.
190-00492-09 Rev. 1
ESP Option in Diamond DA40 / DA40F
4A-1
ESP Option in Diamond DA40 / DA40F
Section 4B – Abnormal Procedures
Section 4B – Abnormal Procedures
MANUAL ESP DISENGAGEMENT
If necessary, ESP may be manually disengaged or disabled using any one of the following methods.
1. AP DISC Button .......................................................................................................... PRESS and HOLD
(Pilot’s or Copilot’s control stick)
2. CWS Button ................................................................................................................ PRESS and HOLD
3. AFCS Circuit Breaker ...................................................................................................................... PULL
4. AUX – SYSTEM SETUP 2 Page on MFD .......................... DISABLE “STABILITY AND PROTECTION”
190-00492-09 Rev. 1
ESP Option in Diamond DA40 / DA40F
4B-1
ESP Option in Diamond DA40 / DA40F
Section 5 – Performance
Section 5 – Performance
No change. Refer to the Aircraft Flight Manual or the Garmin G1000 / GFC 700 Aircraft Flight Manual
Supplement.
190-00492-09 Rev. 1
ESP Option in Diamond DA40 / DA40F
5-1
ESP Option in Diamond DA40 / DA40F
Section 6 – Weight and Balance
Section 6 – Weight and Balance
No change. Refer to the Aircraft Flight Manual.
190-00492-09 Rev. 1
ESP Option in Diamond DA40 / DA40F
6-1
ESP Option in Diamond DA40 / DA40F
Section 7 – Airplane and Systems Description
Section 7 – Airplane and Systems Description
AUTOPILOT ENGAGE LIMITS
To accommodate the ESP option, it was necessary to expand the maximum pitch and roll attitudes for
autopilot engagement. The table below presents the new engage limits.
Expanded Autopilot Engage
Envelope
Pitch UP
50°
Pitch DOWN
50°
Roll LEFT and RIGHT
75°
ELECTRONIC STABILITY & PROTECTION (ESP)
Electronic Stability and Protection (ESP) is an optional function on a GFC 700 equipped DA40 / DA40F.
The autopilot servos are used to assist the pilot in maintaining the airplane within the airplane’s normal
pitch, roll and airspeed envelopes.
Electronic Stability and Protection is engaged when the pilot allows the airplane to exceed one or more
conditions beyond normal flight as defined below:
•
Pitch attitude beyond normal flight (+15°, -18°)
See Figure 7-1
•
Roll attitude beyond normal flight (45°)
See Figure 7-2
•
High airspeed beyond normal flight (Above 180 KIAS)
See Figure 7-3
190-00492-09 Rev. 1
ESP Option in Diamond DA40 / DA40F
7-1
ESP Option in Diamond DA40 / DA40F
Section 7 – Airplane and Systems Description
Figure 7-1: Pitch Attitude ESP configuration
190-00492-09 Rev. 1
ESP Option in Diamond DA40 / DA40F
7-2
ESP Option in Diamond DA40 / DA40F
Section 7 – Airplane and Systems Description
Figure 7-2: Roll Attitude ESP configuration
190-00492-09 Rev. 1
ESP Option in Diamond DA40 / DA40F
7-3
ESP Option in Diamond DA40 / DA40F
Section 7 – Airplane and Systems Description
Figure 7-3: High Airspeed ESP configuration
The following conditions are required for ESP to be available:
•
Pitch and Roll servos functional
•
Autopilot not engaged
•
The GPS height above ground is more than 200 feet (based on terrain database)
•
Aircraft is within the autopilot engagement envelope (+/-50° in pitch and +/-75° in roll)
Protection for excessive Pitch, Roll, and Airspeed is provided when the limit thresholds are first exceeded,
which engages the appropriate servo(s) in ESP mode to assist the pilot in returning the airplane within the
normal flight envelope. After initial engagement of ESP, if the airplane deviates further from the normal
flight envelope, the servo torque will increase until the maximum torque level is reached. Once the
airplane returns within the deactivation thresholds described in the figures above, ESP will deactivate the
servo(s).
An example using the roll axis: as the bank angle increases, the roll servo will engage at 45°. Initially the
amount of force exerted by the roll servo will be about 50% of the total capacity (52%). If the bank angle
increases further, the roll servo force will increase until reaching 100% capacity at 60°. If the bank angle
is reduced, the roll servo force will decrease as the bank angle decreases. When bank angle goes
below 30°, the roll servo is disengaged.
ESP as installed in the Diamond DA40 / DA40F includes Autolevel mode. Autolevel Mode automatically
engages the autopilot to bring the airplane back into straight and level flight with wings level and 0 fpm
vertical speed. When the normal flight envelope thresholds have been exceeded for approximately more
than 10 seconds, ESP Autolevel Mode (LVL) is activated. When Autolevel mode engages, an aural
190-00492-09 Rev. 1
ESP Option in Diamond DA40 / DA40F
7-4
ESP Option in Diamond DA40 / DA40F
Section 7 – Airplane and Systems Description
“ENGAGING AUTOPILOT” alert sounds, and the Flight Director mode annunciation indicates LVL for both
pitch and roll modes.
Anytime an ESP mode is active, the pilot can interrupt ESP by pressing the AP DISC button or the
Control Wheel Steering (CWS) button. ESP may also be overridden by overpowering the AFCS servos
in order for a pilot to control the airplane if necessary. ESP can be disabled by accessing the MFD “AUX
– SYSTEM SETUP 2” page and manually disabling ESP. In this case, once the flight has ended and
power is removed from the G1000 system, ESP will default to “Enabled” on the next power-up.
ESP Roll axis display symbology is illustrated in Figures 7-4 thru 7-6. The pitch and high airspeed
modes have no display elements.
When ESP is armed, the GDU will display the ESP roll limit indices as shown in figure 7-4 below. When
ESP is not armed, the GDU will not display the ESP roll limit indices. The engagement and
disengagement attitude limits are displayed with double hash marks (indices) on the roll scale. The
location of the indices depends on whether or not ESP is engaged in roll. When ESP is not engaged in
the roll axis (roll attitude within ESP engagement threshold limits), the engagement limit indications are
displayed at 45°. See figure 7-4 below.
Engagement Limit
Indication at 45°
Figure 7- 4: Roll Attitude ESP Engagement Limit Indications
190-00492-09 Rev. 1
ESP Option in Diamond DA40 / DA40F
7-5
ESP Option in Diamond DA40 / DA40F
Section 7 – Airplane and Systems Description
When ESP is engaged in roll, the engagement limit index that was crossed (either left or right) will move
smoothly to the disengagement limit indication of 30°. The opposite roll limit remains at the engagement
limit of 45°. Figure 7-5 shows the engagement limit indication just prior to ESP activation (left image)
and after ESP activation (right image).
Engagement limit index still at 45°
just prior to ESP engagement
Disengagement limit index at 30°,
after ESP engagement
Figure 7- 5: Roll Engagement Limit Indications Upon ESP Activation
If roll attitude exceeds 75°, roll ESP will disengage. If roll attitude becomes great enough for the upper
disengagement limit index to be displayed, it will be displayed with a double hash index in a similar
fashion to the engagement limit indication. See figure 7-6.
Upper disengagement
limit index at 75°.
Figure 7- 6: Minimum and Maximum Roll Attitude ESP Disengagement Limit Indications
The ESP roll limit indices are not displayed when the autopilot is engaged.
190-00492-09 Rev. 1
ESP Option in Diamond DA40 / DA40F
7-6
ESP Option in Diamond DA40 / DA40F
Section 8 – Handling, Preventive, and Corrective Maint.
Section 8 – Handling, Preventive, and Corrective
Maintenance
Refer to the G1000/GFC 700 System Maintenance Manual (contains Instructions for Continued
Airworthiness) P/N 190-00545-01 Rev. G or later FAA approved revision for maintenance requirements
for the G1000 system and components.
190-00492-09 Rev. 1
ESP Option in Diamond DA40 / DA40F
8-1
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertising