Garmin | G1000: Diamond DA40/DA40F | Garmin G1000: Diamond DA40/DA40F G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F

Garmin G1000: Diamond DA40/DA40F G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
Diamond
DA40/40F
Copyright © 2006-2007 Garmin Ltd. or its subsidiaries. All rights reserved.
This manual reflects the operation of System Software version 369.13 or later for the Diamond DA40 or DA40F. Some differences in
operation may be observed when comparing the information in this manual to earlier or later software versions.
Garmin International, Inc., 1200 East 151st Street, Olathe, Kansas 66062, U.S.A.
Tel: 913/397.8200
Fax: 913/397.8282
Garmin AT, Inc., 2345 Turner Road SE, Salem, OR 97302, U.S.A.
Tel: 503/391.3411
Fax: 503/364.2138
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Tel: 44/0870.8501241
Fax: 44/0870.8501251
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Tel: 886/02.2642.9199
Fax: 886/02.2642.9099
Website Address: www.garmin.com
Except as expressly provided herein, no part of this manual may be reproduced, copied, transmitted, disseminated, downloaded or stored
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a single copy of this manual and of any revision to this manual onto a hard drive or other electronic storage medium to be viewed for
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and provided further that any unauthorized commercial distribution of this manual or any revision hereto is strictly prohibited.
Garmin® is a registered trademark of Garmin Ltd. or its subsidiaries, and G1000® is a trademark of Garmin Ltd. or its subsidiaries. These
trademarks may not be used without the express permission of Garmin.
Bendix/King® and Honeywell® are registered trademarks of Honeywell International, Inc.; Becker® is a registered trademark of Becker
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Stormscope® is a registered trademark of L-3 Communications.
April 2007
Printed in the U.S.A.
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
190-00592-03 Rev. A
LIMITED WARRANTY
LIMITED WARRANTY
This Garmin product is warranted to be free from defects in materials or workmanship for two years from the date of purchase. Within this
period, Garmin will, at its sole option, repair or replace any components that fail in normal use. Such repairs or replacement will be made
at no charge to the customer for parts and labor, provided that the customer shall be responsible for any transportation cost. This warranty
does not cover failures due to abuse, misuse, accident, or unauthorized alterations or repairs.
THE WARRANTIES AND REMEDIES CONTAINED HEREIN ARE EXCLUSIVE AND IN LIEU OF ALL OTHER WARRANTIES EXPRESS OR IMPLIED
OR STATUTORY, INCLUDING ANY LIABILITY ARISING UNDER ANY WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
PURPOSE, STATUTORY OR OTHERWISE. THIS WARRANTY GIVES YOU SPECIFIC LEGAL RIGHTS, WHICH MAY VARY FROM STATE TO
STATE.
IN NO EVENT SHALL GARMIN BE LIABLE FOR ANY INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, INDIRECT OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, WHETHER
RESULTING FROM THE USE, MISUSE, OR INABILITY TO USE THIS PRODUCT OR FROM DEFECTS IN THE PRODUCT. Some states do not
allow the exclusion of incidental or consequential damages, so the above limitations may not apply to you.
Garmin retains the exclusive right to repair or replace the unit or software, or to offer a full refund of the purchase price, at its sole
discretion. SUCH REMEDY SHALL BE YOUR SOLE AND EXCLUSIVE REMEDY FOR ANY BREACH OF WARRANTY.
To obtain warranty service, contact your local Garmin Authorized Service Center. For assistance in locating a Service Center near you, visit
the Garmin Website at “http://www.garmin.com” or contact Garmin Customer Service at 800-800-1020.
190-00592-03 Rev. A
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
i
WARNINGS, CAUTIONS, AND NOTES
WARNING: To reduce the risk of unsafe operation, carefully review and understand all aspects of the
G1000 Pilot’s Guide documentation. Thoroughly practice basic operation prior to actual use. During flight
operations, carefully compare indications from the G1000 to all available navigation sources, including
the information from other NAVAIDs, visual sightings, charts, etc. For safety purposes, always resolve any
discrepancies before continuing navigation.
WARNING: The Garmin G1000 has a very high degree of functional integrity. However, the pilot must
recognize that providing monitoring and/or self-test capability for all conceivable system failures is not
practical. Although unlikely, it may be possible for erroneous operation to occur without a fault indication
shown by the G1000. It is thus the responsibility of the pilot to detect such an occurrence by means of
cross-checking with all redundant or correlated information available in the cockpit.
WARNING: For safety reasons, G1000 operational procedures must be learned on the ground.
WARNING: The United States government operates the Global Positioning System and is solely responsible
for its accuracy and maintenance. The GPS system is subject to changes which could affect the accuracy
and performance of all GPS equipment. Portions of the Garmin G1000 utilize GPS as a precision electronic
NAVigation AID (NAVAID). Therefore, as with all NAVAIDs, information presented by the G1000 can be
misused or misinterpreted and, therefore, become unsafe.
WARNING: The altitude calculated by G1000 GPS receivers is geometric height above Mean Sea Level and
could vary significantly from the altitude displayed by pressure altimeters, such as the GDC 74A Air Data
Computer, or other altimeters in aircraft. GPS altitude should never be used for vertical navigation. Always
use pressure altitude displayed by the G1000 PFD or other pressure altimeters in aircraft.
WARNING: The displayed minimum safe altitudes (MSAs) are only advisory in nature and should not be
relied upon as the sole source of obstacle and terrain avoidance information. Always refer to current
aeronautical charts for appropriate minimum clearance altitudes.
WARNING: Navigation and terrain separation must NOT be predicated upon the use of the terrain function.
The G1000 Terrain Proximity feature is NOT intended to be used as a primary reference for terrain avoidance
and does not relieve the pilot from the responsibility of being aware of surroundings during flight. The
Terrain Proximity feature is only to be used as an aid for terrain avoidance and is not certified for use
in applications requiring a certified terrain awareness system. Terrain data is obtained from third party
sources. Garmin is not able to independently verify the accuracy of the terrain data.
WARNING: Do not use outdated database information. Databases used in the G1000 System must be updated
regularly in order to ensure that the information remains current. Pilots using any outdated database do so
entirely at their own risk.
ii
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
190-00592-03 Rev. A
WARNINGS, CAUTIONS, AND NOTES
WARNING: Do not use basemap (land and water data) information for primary navigation. Basemap data is
intended only to supplement other approved navigation data sources and should be considered as an aid to
enhance situational awareness.
WARNING: Traffic information shown on the G1000 Multi Function Display is provided as an aid in visually
acquiring traffic. The aircraft should be maneuvered based only upon ATC guidance or positive visual
acquisition of conflicting traffic.
WARNING: XM Weather should not be used for hazardous weather penetration. Weather information
provided by the GDL 69/69A is approved only for weather avoidance, not penetration.
WARNING: NEXRAD weather data is to be used for long-range planning purposes only. Due to inherent
delays in data transmission and the relative age of the data, NEXRAD weather data should not be used for
short-range weather avoidance.
WARNING: Use of the Stormscope is not intended for hazardous weather penetration (thunderstorm
penetration). Stormscope information, as displayed on the G1000 MFD, is to be used only for weather
avoidance, not penetration.
WARNING: The illustrations in this guide are only examples. Never use the G1000 to attempt to penetrate a
thunderstorm. Both the FAA Advisory Circular, Subject: Thunderstorms, and the Airman’s Information Manual
(AIM) recommend avoiding “by at least 20 miles any thunderstorm identifi ed as severe or giving an intense
radar echo.”
CAUTION: The Garmin G1000 does not contain any user-serviceable parts. Repairs should only be made by
an authorized Garmin service center. Unauthorized repairs or modifications could void both the warranty
and the pilot’s authority to operate this device under FAA/FCC regulations.
CAUTION: The GDU 1040 PFD and GDU 1040/1044 MFD displays use a lens coated with a special anti-
reflective coating that is very sensitive to skin oils, waxes, and abrasive cleaners. CLEANERS CONTAINING
AMMONIA WILL HARM THE ANTI-REFLECTIVE COATING. It is very important to clean the lens using a clean,
lint-free cloth and an eyeglass lens cleaner that is specified as safe for anti-reflective coatings.
NOTE: When using Stormscope, there are several atmospheric phenomena in addition to nearby thunderstorms
that can cause isolated discharge points in the strike display mode. However, clusters of two or more
discharge points in the strike display mode do indicate thunderstorm activity if these points reappear after
the screen has been cleared.
190-00592-03 Rev. A
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
iii
WARNINGS, CAUTIONS, AND NOTES
NOTE: All visual depictions contained within this document, including screen images of the G1000 panel
and displays, are for example only, are subject to change, and may not reflect the most current G1000
System. Depictions of equipment may differ slightly from the actual equipment.
NOTE: The GDU 1040/1044 PFD/MFD may require a warm-up time of up to 30 minutes when exposed to
-40˚C for an extended period. A warm-up time of up to 15 minutes may be required when exposed to -30˚C
for an extended period.
NOTE: This device complies with part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) this device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired operation.
NOTE: This product, its packaging, and its components contain chemicals known to the State of California
to cause cancer, birth defects, or reproductive harm. This notice is being provided in accordance with
California’s Proposition 65. For additional information, refer to the website at www.garmin.com/prop65.
NOTE: Interference from GPS repeaters operating inside nearby hangars can cause an intermittent loss of
attitude and heading displays while the aircraft is on the ground. Moving the aircraft more than 100 feet
away from the source of the interference should alleviate the condition.
NOTE: Lamp(s) inside this product may contain mercury (Hg) and must be recycled or disposed of according
to local, state, or federal laws. For more information, refer to the website at www.garmin.com/aboutGarmin/
environment/disposal.jsp.
iv
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
190-00592-03 Rev. A
REVISION INFORMATION
Record of Revisions
Part Number
190-00592-00
190-00592-01
190-00592-02
Revision
A
A
A
Date
11/10/05
6/16/06
7/20/06
190-00592-03
A
4/26/07
190-00592-03 Rev. A
Page Range
Description
i – I-6
Optional fuel pressure gauge information added
i – I-4
GFC 700 information added
i – I-4
TAWS information added
GDL 69A crew muting information added
i – I-6
EIS updated
Airways information added
WAAS information added
VNV information added
Charts information added
Stormscope information added
TAS600 information added
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
v
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
1.6
1.7
SECTION 1 SYSTEM OVERVIEW
Line Replaceable Units ........................................1-2
Secure Digital (SD) Cards ....................................1-7
System Power-up ..................................................1-8
System Operation.................................................1-9
Normal Display Operation ..........................................1-9
Reversionary Display Operation ..................................1-9
G1000 System Annunciations ...................................1-10
System Status..........................................................1-11
AHRS Operation ......................................................1-13
GPS Receiver Operation ...........................................1-14
G1000 Controls...................................................1-18
PFD/MFD Controls ...................................................1-18
Softkey Function ......................................................1-20
Accessing G1000 Functionality ........................1-27
Menus ....................................................................1-27
Data Entry ..............................................................1-27
Page Groups ...........................................................1-29
System Settings .......................................................1-33
Timers ....................................................................1-38
Scheduler................................................................1-40
Electronic Checklists (Optional) .................................1-42
Display Backlighting ..........................................1-44
SECTION 2 FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS
2.1 Flight Instruments ................................................2-4
Airspeed Indicator .....................................................2-4
Attitude Indicator ......................................................2-6
Altimeter ..................................................................2-7
Vertical Speed Indicator (VSI) ......................................2-8
Vertical Deviation, Glideslope, and Glidepath Indicators 2-9
Horizontal Situation Indicator (HSI) ...........................2-10
Course Deviation Indicator (CDI) ...............................2-15
2.2 Supplemental Flight Data .................................2-22
Outside Air Temperature ...........................................2-22
Wind Data ..............................................................2-23
Vertical Navigation (VNV) Indications ........................2-24
2.3 PFD Annunciations and Alerting Functions .....2-25
G1000 Alerting System.............................................2-25
Marker Beacon Annunciations ..................................2-26
Traffic Annunciation .................................................2-26
TAWS Annunciations (Optional) ................................2-27
vi
Altitude Alerting ......................................................2-27
Low Altitude Annunciation .......................................2-28
Minimum Descent Altitude/Decision Height Alerting ...2-28
2.4 Abnormal Operations ........................................2-30
Abnormal GPS Conditions ........................................2-30
Unusual Attitudes ....................................................2-31
3.1
3.2
3.3
3.4
4.1
4.2
4.3
4.4
4.5
SECTION 3 ENGINE INDICATION SYSTEM
EIS Display.............................................................3-2
Engine Page ..........................................................3-4
Fuel Calculations .......................................................3-6
Leaning Assist Mode ............................................3-8
EIS in Reversionary Mode ...................................3-9
Lean Display ...........................................................3-10
System Display ........................................................3-12
SECTION 4 AUDIO PANEL AND CNS
Overview ...............................................................4-1
PFD/MFD Controls and Frequency Display ....................4-2
Audio Panel Controls .................................................4-4
COM Operation .....................................................4-6
COM Transceiver Selection and Activation ....................4-6
COM Transceiver Manual Tuning .................................4-7
Quick-Tuning and Activating 121.500 MHz...................4-8
Auto-Tuning the COM Frequency.................................4-9
Frequency Spacing ...................................................4-13
Automatic Squelch...................................................4-14
Volume ...................................................................4-14
NAV Operation ....................................................4-15
NAV Radio Selection and Activation ..........................4-15
NAV Receiver Manual Tuning ....................................4-16
Auto-Tuning the NAV Frequency................................4-18
Marker Beacon Receiver ...........................................4-23
ADF/DME Tuning .....................................................4-24
GTX 33 Mode S Transponder .............................4-28
Transponder Controls ...............................................4-28
Transponder Mode Selection .....................................4-29
Entering a Transponder Code ....................................4-31
IDENT Function .......................................................4-33
Flight ID Reporting ..................................................4-34
Additional Audio Panel Functions ....................4-35
Power-Up ................................................................4-35
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
190-00592-03 Rev. A
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Mono/Stereo Headsets .............................................4-35
Speaker ..................................................................4-35
Intercom .................................................................4-36
Passenger Address (PA) System .................................4-38
Clearance Recorder and Player..................................4-38
Entertainment Inputs ...............................................4-39
4.6 Audio Panel Preflight Procedure ......................4-40
4.7 Abnormal Operation ..........................................4-41
Stuck Microphone....................................................4-41
COM Tuning Failure..................................................4-41
Audio Panel Fail-Safe Operation ................................4-41
Reversionary Mode ..................................................4-41
5.1
5.2
5.3
5.4
5.6
5.7
5.8
5.9
5.10
5.11
5.12
5.13
5.14
5.15
5.16
5.17
SECTION 5 GPS NAVIGATION
Introduction ..........................................................5-1
Navigation Map (MFD) ........................................5-2
Navigation Map Setup ...............................................5-3
PFD Inset Map and Windows ............................5-28
Inset Map ...............................................................5-28
PFD Windows ..........................................................5-30
Direct-to-Navigation (MFD) .............................5-31
Selecting a Direct-to Waypoint ..................................5-32
Clearing Vertical Constraints ....................................5-34
Specifying a Course to a Waypoint ............................5-35
Canceling Direct-to Navigation ................................5-35
Direct-to Navigation Shortcuts .................................5-36
Direct-to Navigation Shortcuts Using the FMS Knob....5-37
Direct-to-Navigation (PFD) ..............................5-39
Operations ..............................................................5-39
Airport Information (MFD) ................................5-43
Intersection Information (MFD)........................5-48
NDB Information (MFD) .....................................5-49
VOR Information (MFD) .....................................5-51
User Waypoint Information (MFD) ...................5-53
Nearest Airports (MFD).....................................5-57
Nearest Airports Box ................................................5-57
Nearest Intersections (MFD) .............................5-60
Nearest NDB (MFD) ............................................5-61
Nearest VOR (MFD) ............................................5-62
Nearest User Waypoint (MFD) ..........................5-64
Nearest Frequencies (MFD) ...............................5-66
190-00592-03 Rev. A
5.18 Nearest Airspaces (MFD) ...................................5-69
General Notes on Airspace Alerts ..............................5-70
Airspace Type and Controlling Agency .......................5-71
General Notes on Associated Frequencies ..................5-73
5.19 Nearest Airports (PFD) .......................................5-74
Operations ..............................................................5-74
5.20 Flight Planning (MFD) .......................................5-76
Flight Planning Operations .......................................5-76
AUX - Trip Planning Page ..........................................5-86
Trip Statistics (Trip Stats) ..........................................5-87
Fuel Statistics (Fuel Stats) .........................................5-87
Other Statistics (Other Stats).....................................5-88
Trip Planning Page Operations ..................................5-88
Utility Page .............................................................5-90
Display of Airways on the Flight Plan Page ...............5-102
Vertical Navigation (VNV).......................................5-105
Navigating an Example Flight Plan ..........................5-113
Parallel Track (PTK) ................................................5-140
Arrival Alerts .........................................................5-143
5.21 Flight Planning (PFD) ......................................5-144
Operations ............................................................5-144
5.22 Procedures (MFD) .............................................5-149
Leg Types Supported by the G1000..........................5-149
Departures ............................................................5-150
5.23 Procedures (PFD) ..............................................5-162
5.24 Abnormal Operation ........................................5-167
Dead Reckoning ....................................................5-167
SECTION 6 HAZARD AVOIDANCE
6.1 XM Satellite Weather (Optional) ........................6-1
Activating Services.....................................................6-1
Using XM SATELLITE Weather Products........................6-3
Weather Softkeys on the Weather Data Link Page .........6-6
6.2 WX-500 Stormscope (Optional) ........................6-25
Setting Up Stormscope on the Navigation Map ..........6-25
Selecting the Stormscope Page .................................6-29
6.3 Terrain Proximity ................................................6-30
Displaying Terrain Proximity Data ..............................6-31
Terrain Proximity Page..............................................6-33
6.4 Terrain Awareness and Warning System (TAWS
- Optional) .....................................................................6-35
Displaying TAWS Data ..............................................6-36
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
vii
TABLE OF CONTENTS
TAWS Page .............................................................6-38
TAWS Alerts ............................................................6-40
System Status..........................................................6-46
6.5 Traffic Information Service (TIS) .......................6-47
Displaying TRAFFIC Data ..........................................6-48
Traffic Map Page......................................................6-50
TIS Alerts ................................................................6-51
System Status..........................................................6-52
6.6 Avidyne TAS600 Series Traffic Advisory System
(Optional) ......................................................................6-55
Displaying TRAFFIC Data ..........................................6-56
Traffic Map Page......................................................6-58
TAS Alerts ...............................................................6-60
System Status..........................................................6-61
SECTION 7 AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
7.1 AFCS Controls .......................................................7-2
7.2 Flight Director Operation ....................................7-4
Activating the Flight Director ......................................7-4
Command Bars..........................................................7-5
Flight Director Modes.................................................7-5
7.3 Pitch Modes ..........................................................7-6
Pitch Hold Mode (PIT) ................................................7-7
Selected Altitude Capture Mode (ALTS) ........................7-8
Altitude Hold Mode (ALT) ...........................................7-9
Vertical Speed Mode (VS) .........................................7-10
Flight Level Change Mode (FLC) ................................7-11
Vertical Navigation Modes (VPTH, ALTV) ....................7-12
Glidepath Mode (GP) ...............................................7-17
Glideslope Mode (GS) ..............................................7-18
Go Around (GA) Mode .............................................7-19
7.4 Roll Modes ..........................................................7-20
Roll Hold Mode (ROL) ..............................................7-21
Heading Select Mode (HDG) .....................................7-22
Navigation Mode (GPS, VOR, LOC, BC) .......................7-23
Approach Mode (GPS, VAPP, LOC) .............................7-25
7.5 Autopilot Operation...........................................7-27
Engaging the Autopilot ............................................7-27
Control Wheel Steering ............................................7-28
Disengaging the Autopilot ........................................7-28
7.6 Example Flight Plan ...........................................7-29
Departure ...............................................................7-30
viii
Intercepting a VOR Radial.........................................7-32
Flying a Flight Plan/GPS Course ................................7-33
Descent ..................................................................7-34
Approach ................................................................7-38
Go Around/Missed Approach ....................................7-40
7.7 AFCS Annunciations and Alerts ........................7-42
AFCS Status Alerts ...................................................7-42
Overspeed Protection ...............................................7-43
8.1
8.2
8.3
8.4
8.5
SECTION 8 ADDITIONAL FEATURES
SafeTaxi .................................................................8-1
SafeTaxi Cycle Number and Revision ...........................8-4
ChartView..............................................................8-7
ChartView Softkeys ....................................................8-7
Terminal Procedures Charts ........................................8-8
Chart Options..........................................................8-18
Day/Night View .......................................................8-23
ChartView Cycle Number and Expiration Date ............8-25
FliteCharts ...........................................................8-29
FliteCharts Softkeys .................................................8-29
Terminal Procedures Charts ......................................8-30
Chart Options..........................................................8-38
Day/Night View .......................................................8-41
FliteCharts Cycle Number and Expiration Date............8-43
XM Radio Entertainment (Optional) ................8-47
Activating XM Satellite Radio Services .......................8-47
Using XM Radio ......................................................8-49
Automatic Audio Muting ..........................................8-53
Abnormal Operation ..........................................8-54
APPENDICES
Annunciations and Alerts ..............................................A-1
SD Card Use and Databases..........................................B-1
Glossary...........................................................................C-1
Frequently Asked Questions .........................................D-1
General TIS Information ................................................ F-1
Map Symbols ................................................................. G-1
INDEX
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
190-00592-03 Rev. A
SYSTEM OVERVIEW
SECTION 1 SYSTEM OVERVIEW
NOTE: Refer to the Automatic Flight Control System (AFCS) Section for details on the GFC 700 AFCS.
The G1000 Integrated Flight Deck System presents flight instrumentation, position, navigation, communication,
and identification information using flat-panel color displays. The system is distributed across the following Line
Replaceable Units (LRUs):
• GDU 1040 Primary Flight Display (PFD)
• GTX 33 Mode S Transponder
• GDU 1040/1044 Multi Function Display (MFD)
• GRS 77 Attitude and Heading Reference System
(AHRS)
• GMA 1347 Audio Panel with Integrated Marker
Beacon Receiver
• GMU 44 Magnetometer
• GIA 63/63W Integrated Avionics Units (IAU)
• GDL 69/69A Data Link Receiver
• GDC 74A Air Data Computer (ADC)
• GSA 81 AFCS Servos
• GEA 71 Engine/Airframe Unit
• GSM 85 Servo Mounts
Figure 1-1 shows interactions between the LRUs. Additional/optional equipment are shown in Figure 1-2.
The Diamond DA40/40F may be optionally equipped with a GFC 700 Automated Flight Control System (AFCS),
providing flight director (FD), autopilot (AP), and manual electric trim (MET) functions of the G1000 System.
190-00592-03 Rev. A
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
1-1
SYSTEM OVERVIEW
1.1 LINE REPLACEABLE UNITS
• GDU 1040/1044 (2) – A GDU 1040 is configured as the Primary Flight Display (PFD) and a GDU 1040 or
1044 (for airframes equipped with the GFC 700) as a Multi Function Display (MFD). Both displays feature
10.4-inch LCD screens with 1024 x 768 resolution. The displays communicate with each other through a
High-speed Data Bus (HSDB) Ethernet connection. Each display is also paired with an Ethernet connection to
an IAU.
• GMA 1347 – The Audio Panel integrates navigation/communication radio (NAV/COM) digital audio, intercom,
and marker beacon controls, and is installed between the displays. This unit also provides manual control of
display Reversionary Mode (red DISPLAY BACKUP button; see Section 1.4, System Operation) and communicates
with both IAUs using an RS-232 digital interface.
• GIA 63/63W (2) – The Integrated Avionics Units (IAU) function as the main communications hub, linking
all LRUs with the PFD. Each IAU contains a GPS receiver, a very high frequency (VHF) communication/
navigation/glideslope (COM/NAV/GS) receiver, and system integration microprocessors, and is paired with the
on-side display via an HSDB connection. Each GIA 63W contains a GPS WAAS receiver. The IAUs are not
paired together and do not communicate with each other directly.
1-2
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
190-00592-03 Rev. A
SYSTEM OVERVIEW
GDC 74A – The Air Data Computer (ADC) processes data from the pitot/static system and outside air temperature
(OAT) sensor. The ADC provides pressure altitude, airspeed, vertical speed, and OAT information to the
G1000 System, and it communicates with the primary IAU, displays, and AHRS using an ARINC 429 digital
interface.
• GEA 71 – The Engine Airframe Unit receives and processes signals from the engine and airframe sensors. This
unit communicates with both IAUs using an RS-485 digital interface.
• GTX 33 – The solid-state Transponder provides Modes A, C, and S capability and communicates with both IAUs
through an RS-232 digital interface.
• GRS 77 (2) – The Attitude and Heading Reference System (AHRS) provides aircraft attitude and heading
information via ARINC 429 to both the PFD and the primary IAU. The AHRS contains advanced sensors
(including accelerometers and rate sensors) and interfaces with the Magnetometer to obtain magnetic field
information, with the ADC to obtain air data, and with both IAUs to obtain GPS information. AHRS operation
is discussed in Section 1.4, System Operation.
190-00592-03 Rev. A
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
1-3
SYSTEM OVERVIEW
• GMU 44 – The Magnetometer measures local magnetic field and sends data to the AHRS for processing to
determine aircraft magnetic heading. This unit receives power directly from the AHRS and communicates with
it via an RS-485 digital interface.
• GDL 69/69A – The Data Link Satellite Radio Receiver provides real-time weather information to MFD maps
and the PFD Inset Map. The GDL 69A model is also capable of providing digital audio entertainment. The
Data Link Receiver communicates with the MFD via an HSDB connection. A subscription to XM Satellite Radio
Service is required to enable Data Link Receiver capability.
• GSA 81 and GSM 85 – The GSA 81 servos are used for automatic control of pitch, pitch trim, and roll. These
units interface with each IAU.
The GSM 85 servo mounts are responsible for transferring the output torque of the servo actuators to the
mechanical flight-control surface linkages.
1-4
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
190-00592-03 Rev. A
SYSTEM OVERVIEW
High-Speed Data Bus (Ethernet)
GMA 1347
Audio Panel
GDU 1040 (PFD)
GDU 1040/1044 (MFD)
Reversionary
Control
Reversionary
Control
GDC 74A
Air Data
Computer
OAT
Airspeed
Altitude
Vertical Speed
No. 1 GIA 63/63W
Integrated Avionics Unit
System Inegration Processors
I/O Processors
VHF COM
VHF NAV/LOC
GPS/WAAS
Glideslope
Flight Director (with GFC 700 option)
GPS Output
No. 2 GIA 63/63W
Integrated Avionics Unit
System Integration Processors
I/O Processors
VHF COM
VHF NAV/LOC
GPS/WAAS
Glideslope
GRS 77
AHRS
Attitude
Rate of Turn
Slip/Skid
GPS Output
GMU 44
Magnetometer
Heading
GTX 33
Transponder
GEA 71
Engine/Airframe
Unit
GSA 81
Pitch Servo
Autopilot Calculations
(optional)
GSA 81
Roll Servo
Autopilot Calculations
(optional)
GSA 81
Pitch Trim Servo
Autopilot Calculations
(optional)
Figure 1-1 G1000 System Block Diagram
NOTE: The GDU 1044 is available in systems using the Garmin GFC 700 Automatic Flight Control System.
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SYSTEM OVERVIEW
High-Speed Data Bus (Ethernet)
No. 2 GIA 63/63W
Integrated Avionics Unit
System Integration Processors
I/O Processors
VHF COM
VHF NAV/LOC
GPS/WAAS
Glideslope
Becker
RA 3502-(1)
ADF Receiver
(optional)
Honeywell
KN 63
DME
(optional)
Avidyne
TAS600-series
Traffic Information
(optional)
GDL 69/69A
Data Link Receiver
Real-time Weather and
Digital Audio Entertainment
(subscription-based service)
L3
Stormscope
Lightning Strike and
Thunderstorm Detection
(optional)
Figure 1-2 G1000 With Optional/Additional Interfaces
NOTE: For information on additional equipment shown in Figure 1-2, consult the applicable optional interface
user’s guide. This document assumes that the reader is already familiar with the operation of this additional
equipment.
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SYSTEM OVERVIEW
1.2 SECURE DIGITAL (SD) CARDS
NOTE: Ensure the G1000 System is powered off before inserting an SD card.
NOTE: Refer to Appendix B for instructions on updating databases.
The PFD and MFD data card slots use Secure Digital (SD) cards and are located on the upper right side of the
display bezels. Each display bezel is equipped with two SD card slots. SD cards are used for aviation database
and system software updates as well as terrain database storage.
Installing an SD card:
1) Insert the SD card in the SD card slot, pushing the card in until the spring latch engages. The front of the card
should remain flush with the face of the display bezel.
2) To eject the card, gently press on the SD card to release the spring latch.
SD Card Slots
Figure 1-3 Display Bezel SD Card Slots
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SYSTEM OVERVIEW
1.3 SYSTEM POWER-UP
NOTE: See the Aircraft Flight Manual (AFM) for specific procedures concerning avionics power application
and emergency power supply operation.
NOTE: Refer to Appendix A for system-specific annunciations and alerts.
The G1000 System is integrated with the aircraft electrical system and receives power directly from electrical
busses. The PFD, MFD, and supporting sub-systems include both power-on and continuous built-in test features
that exercise the processor, RAM, ROM, external inputs, and outputs to provide safe operation.
During system initialization, test annunciations are displayed, as shown in Figure 1-4. All system annunciations
should disappear typically within the first minute of power-up. Upon power-up, key annunciator lights also
become momentarily illuminated on the Audio Panel and the display bezels.
On the PFD, the AHRS begins to initialize and displays “AHRS ALIGN: Keep Wings Level”. The AHRS should
display valid attitude and heading fields typically within the first minute of power-up. The AHRS can align itself
both while taxiing and during level flight.
When the MFD powers up, the splash screen (Figure 1-5) displays the following information:
• System version
• Obstacle database name and version
• Copyright
• Terrain database name and version
• Land database name and version
• Aviation database name, version, and effective dates
Current database information includes valid operating dates, cycle number, and database type. When this
information has been reviewed for currency (to ensure that no databases have expired), the pilot is prompted to
continue.
Pressing the ENT Key (or right-most softkey) acknowledges this information, and the Navigation Map Page is
displayed upon pressing the key a second time. When the system has acquired a sufficient number of satellites to
determine a position, the aircraft’s current position is shown on the Navigation Map Page.
Figure 1-4 PFD Initialization
1-8
Figure 1-5 Example MFD Power-up Splash Screen
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
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SYSTEM OVERVIEW
1.4 SYSTEM OPERATION
NOTE: Refer to Appendix A for detailed descriptions of all alerts and annunciations. Refer to the Aircraft
Flight Manual (AFM) for additional information regarding pilot responses to these annunciations.
The displays are connected together via a single Ethernet bus for high-speed communication. As shown in
Figure 1-1, each IAU is connected to the on-side display. This allows the units to share information, enabling true
system integration
NORMAL DISPLAY OPERATION
In normal operating mode, the PFD presents graphical flight instrumentation (attitude, heading, airspeed,
altitude, vertical speed), replacing the traditional flight instrument cluster (see the Flight Instruments Section
for more information). The MFD normally displays a full-color moving map with navigation information (see
the GPS Navigation Section), while the left portion of the MFD is dedicated to the Engine Indication System
(EIS; see the EIS Section). Both displays offer control for COM and NAV frequency selection.
Figure 1-6 G1000 Normal Operation
REVERSIONARY DISPLAY OPERATION
In the event of a display failure, the G1000 System automatically switches to reversionary (backup) mode. In
Reversionary Mode, all important flight information from the PFD is presented on the remaining display in the
same format as in normal operating mode, with the addition of the EIS. EIS operation while in Reversionary
Mode is discussed in the EIS Section. As when the PFD is operating normally, windows for flight planning,
nearest airports, and procedures are available. The Inset Map is moved to the right side of the display.
If a display fails, the appropriate IAU-display Ethernet interface is cut off. Thus, the IAU can no longer
communicate with the remaining display (refer to Figure 1-1), and the NAV and COM functions provided to
the failed display by the IAU are flagged as invalid on the remaining display. The system reverts to backup
paths for the AHRS, ADC, Engine/Airframe Unit, and Transponder, as required. The change to backup paths is
completely automated for all LRUs and no pilot action is required.
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SYSTEM OVERVIEW
If the system fails to detect a display problem, Reversionary Mode may be manually activated by pressing the
Audio Panel’s red DISPLAY BACKUP Button. Pressing this button again deactivates Reversionary Mode.
NAV1 and COM1 (provided by the
failed PFD) Flagged Invalid
DISPLAY BACKUP Button Manually Activates/
Deactivates Reversionary Mode on Both Displays
Figure 1-7 G1000 Reversionary Mode (Failed PFD)
G1000 SYSTEM ANNUNCIATIONS
When an LRU or an LRU function fails, a large red ‘X’ is typically displayed over the instrument experiencing
failed data (Figure 1-8 displays all possible flags and responsible LRUs). The G1000 System alerts the pilot
when backup paths are utilized by the LRUs. Upon G1000 power-up, certain instruments remain invalid as
equipment begins to initialize. All instruments should be operational within one minute of power-up. If any
instrument remains flagged, the G1000 should be serviced by a Garmin-authorized repair facility.
GIA 63/63W Integrated
Avionics Units
GIA 63/63W Integrated
Avionics Units
GDC 74A Air
Data Computer
GRS 77 AHRS
OR
GMU 44
Magnetometer
GEA 71 Engine Airframe
Unit
OR
GIA 63/63W Integrated
Avionics Unit
GIA 63/63W Integrated
Avionics Units
GDC 74A Air
Data Computer
1-10
Figure 1-8 G1000 System Failure Annunciations
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
GTX 33 Transponder
OR
GIA 63/63W Integrated
Avionics Units
190-00592-03 Rev. A
SYSTEM OVERVIEW
SYSTEM STATUS
The System Status Page displays the statuses, serial numbers, and software version numbers for all detected
system LRUs. Active LRUs are indicated by green check marks; failed, by red ‘X’s. Failed LRUs should be noted
and a service center or Garmin-authorized dealer informed.
Viewing LRU information:
1) Use the large FMS Knob on the MFD to select the Auxiliary (AUX) Page Group (see Section 1.6 for information
on MFD page groups).
2) Use the small FMS Knob to select the System Status Page (last page in the AUX Page Group).
3) To place the cursor in the ‘LRU Info’ Box, press the LRU Softkey.
OR:
a) Press the MENU Key.
b) With ‘Select LRU Window’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
3) Use the FMS Knob to scroll through the box to view LRU status information.
Figure 1-9 Example System Status Page
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SYSTEM OVERVIEW
Pertinent information on all system databases is also displayed on this page. Refer to the Appendices and
Additional Features sections for more information about databases.
Viewing database information:
1) Select the AUX - System Status Page.
2) To place the cursor in the ‘Database’ Box, press the DBASE Softkey.
OR:
a) Press the MENU Key.
b) Highlight ‘Select Dbase Window’ and press the ENT Key.
3) Use the FMS Knob to scroll through the box to view database status information.
The G1000 uses aural tones to convey the priority of airframe-specific alerts. The alerting system’s annunciation
tone may be tested from the System Status Page. Refer to the Appendices for airframe-specific alerts.
Testing the system annunciation tone:
1) Select the AUX - System Status Page.
2) Press the ANN TEST Softkey.
OR:
a) Press the MENU Key.
b) Highlight ‘Enable Annunciator Test Mode’ and press the ENT Key.
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SYSTEM OVERVIEW
AHRS OPERATION
NOTE: Aggressive maneuvering while AHRS is not operating normally may degrade AHRS accuracy.
The Attitude and Heading Reference System (AHRS) performs attitude, heading, and vertical acceleration
calculations for the G1000 System, utilizing GPS, magnetometer, and air data in addition to information
from its internal sensors. Attitude and heading information are updated on the PFD while the AHRS receives
appropriate combinations of information from the external sensor inputs.
available
available
unavailable
Magnetometer
AHRS no- AHRS no-Mag/
Mag Mode
no-Air Mode
Heading Invalid
available
unavailable
available
Airspeed Data
AHRS Normal
Operation
unavailable
available
unavailable
GPS
AHRS
no-GPS
Mode
un
av
ail
ab
le
Attitude/Heading Invalid
Figure 1-10 AHRS Operation
Loss of GPS, magnetometer, or air data inputs is communicated to the pilot by message advisory alerts (refer
to Appendix A for specific AHRS alert information). Any failure of the internal AHRS inertial sensors results in
loss of attitude and heading information (indicated by red ‘X’ flags over the corresponding flight instruments).
Two GPS inputs are provided to the AHRS. If GPS information from one of the inputs fails, the AHRS uses
the remaining GPS input and an alert message is issued to inform the pilot. If both GPS inputs fail, the AHRS
can continue to provide attitude and heading information to the PFD as long as magnetometer and airspeed
data are available and valid.
If the magnetometer input fails, the AHRS continues to output valid attitude information; however, the
heading output on the PFD is flagged as invalid with a red ‘X’.
Failure of the air data input has no effect on the AHRS output while AHRS is receiving valid GPS information.
Invalid/unavailable airspeed data in addition to GPS failure results in loss of all attitude and heading
information.
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SYSTEM OVERVIEW
GPS RECEIVER OPERATION
Each Integrated Avionics Unit (IAU) contains a GPS receiver. Internal system checking is performed to
ensure both GPS receivers are providing accurate data to the PFD. When both GPS receivers are providing
accurate data, the GPS receiver producing the better solution is used by the system. Information collected by
the specified receiver (GPS1 for the #1 IAU or GPS2 for the #2 IAU) may be viewed on the AUX - GPS Status
Page.
Viewing GPS receiver status information:
1) Use the large FMS Knob on the MFD to select the Auxiliary (AUX) Page Group (see Section 1.6 for information
on MFD page groups).
2) Use the small FMS Knob to select the GPS Status Page (third page in the AUX Page Group).
3) To change the selected GPS receiver, press the desired GPS Softkey.
OR:
a) Press the MENU Key.
b) Use the FMS Knob to highlight the receiver which is not selected and press the ENT Key.
Satellite Constellation
Diagram
Satellite Signal
Information
GPS Receiver
Status
RAIM Availability
Prediction
Satellite Signal
Strength Bars
Figure 1-11 GPS Status Page
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Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
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SYSTEM OVERVIEW
For WAAS-enabled systems, GPS sensor annunciations are most often seen after system power-up when one
GPS receiver has acquired satellites before the other or one of the GPS receivers has not yet acquired a WAAS
signal. While the aircraft is on the ground, the WAAS signal may be blocked by obstructions causing one GPS
receiver to have difficulty acquiring a good signal. Also, while airborne, turning the aircraft may result in one of
the GPS receivers temporarily losing the WAAS signal. If no failure message exists, check the GPS Status Page
and compare the information for GPS1 and GPS2. Discrepancies may indicate a problem.
GPS RECEIVER STATUS
The GPS solution type (ACQUIRING, 2D NAV, 2D DIFF NAV, 3D NAV, 3D DIFF NAV) for the active
GPS receiver (GPS1 or GPS2) is shown in the upper right of the GPS Status Page. When the receiver is
in the process of acquiring enough satellite signals for navigation, the receiver uses satellite orbital data
(collected continuously from the satellites) and last known position to determine the satellites that should be
in view. ACQUIRING is indicated as the solution until a sufficient number of satellites have been acquired
for computing a solution.
When the receiver is in the process of acquiring a 3D navigational GPS solution, 3D NAV is indicated as the
solution until the 3D differential fix has finished acquisition. Satellite-Based Augmentation System (SBAS)
status should be indicated as INACTIVE at this point. When acquisition is complete, the solution status
changes to 3D DIFF NAV and SBAS becomes active.
In certain situations, such as when the aircraft is outside or on the fringe of the WAAS coverage area, it may
be desirable to disable WAAS (although it is not recommended). When disabled, the SBAS field in the GPS
Status box indicates DISABLED.
Disabling WAAS (for WAAS-enabled systems):
1) Select the GPS Status Page.
2) Press the SBAS Softkey. The RAIM PREDICTION box is replaced by SBAS SELECTION.
3) Press the FMS Knob. ‘WAAS’ is highlighted.
4) Press the ENT Key to uncheck the box.
5) Press the FMS Knob to remove the cursor.
Figure 1-12 Enable/Disable WAAS
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SYSTEM OVERVIEW
RAIM PREDICTION
Receiver Autonomous Integrity Monitoring (RAIM) is a GPS receiver function that performs a consistency
check on all tracked satellites. RAIM ensures that the available satellite geometry allows the receiver to
calculate a position within a specified RAIM protection limit (2.0 nautical miles for oceanic and enroute, 1.0
nm for terminal, and 0.3 nm for non-precision approaches). During oceanic, enroute, and terminal phases of
flight, RAIM is available nearly 100% of the time.
The RAIM prediction function also indicates whether RAIM is available at a specified date and time. RAIM
computations predict satellite coverage within ±15 min of the specified arrival date and time. In G1000
systems with WAAS enabled, performing RAIM prediction is not necessary in most cases. However, if the
selected approach is outside the WAAS coverage area, it may be necessary to perform a RAIM prediction for
the intended approach.
Because of the tighter protection limit on approaches, there may be times when RAIM is not available. The
G1000 automatically monitors RAIM and warns with an alert message when it is not available. If RAIM is not
predicted to be available for the final approach course, the approach does not become active, as indicated by
the messages “Approach is not active”. If RAIM is not available when crossing the FAF, the missed approach
procedure must be flown.
Predicting RAIM availability:
1) Select the GPS Status Page.
2) Press the RAIM Softkey.
2) Press the FMS Knob. The ‘WAYPOINT’ field is highlighted.
3) Turn the small FMS Knob to display the Waypoint Information Window.
4) Enter the desired waypoint and press the ENT Key (refer to Section 1.6 for instructions on data entry).
OR:
a) To use the present position, press the MENU Key.
b) With ‘Set WPT to Present Position’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
c) Press the ENT Key to accept the waypoint entry.
5) Enter an arrival time and press the ENT Key.
6) Enter an arrival date and press the ENT Key.
7) With the cursor highlighting ‘COMPUTE RAIM?’, press the ENT Key. Once RAIM availability is computed, one
of the following is displayed:
• ‘COMPUTE RAIM?’—RAIM has not been computed for the current waypoint, time, and date combination
• ‘COMPUTING AVAILABILITY’—RAIM calculation in progress
• ‘RAIM AVAILABLE’—RAIM is predicted to be available for the specified waypoint, time, and date
• ‘RAIM NOT AVAILABLE’—RAIM is predicted to be unavailable for the specified waypoint, time, and date
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SYSTEM OVERVIEW
SATELLITE INFORMATION
Satellites currently in view are shown at their respective positions on a satellite constellation diagram.
This sky view is always oriented north-up, with the outer circle representing the horizon, the inner circle
representing 45° above the horizon, and the center point showing the position directly overhead. Each satellite
is represented by an oval containing the Pseudo-random noise (PRN) number (i.e., satellite identification
number). Satellites whose signals are currently being used are represented by solid ovals.
The GPS Status Page can be helpful in troubleshooting weak (or missing) signal levels due to poor satellite
coverage or installation problems. As the GPS receiver locks onto satellites, a signal strength bar is displayed
for each satellite in view, with the appropriate satellite PRN number (01-32 or 120-138 for WAAS) below each
bar. The progress of satellite acquisition is indicated by signal bar appearance:
• No signal strength bar—Receiver is looking for the indicated satellite.
• Hollow signal strength bar—Receiver has found the satellite and is collecting data. Each satellite has a 30second data transmission that must be collected (signal strength bar is hollow) before the satellite may be
used for navigation (signal strength bar becomes solid).
• Solid signal strength bar—Receiver has collected the necessary data and the satellite signal can be used.
• Checkered signal strength bar—Receiver has excluded the satellite (Fault Detection and Exclusion; FDE).
• “D” indication on signal strength bar—Satellite is being used for differential computations.
Using the current satellite signal information, they system calculates the aircraft’s GPS position, time,
altitude, ground speed, and track for the aircraft (displayed below the satellite signal accuracy measurements
for reference). The following quantities denote the accuracy of the aircraft’s GPS fix:
• Estimated Position Uncertainty (EPU)—A statistical error indication; the radius of a circle centered on an
estimated horizontal position in which actual position has 95% probability of lying
• Horizontal Dilution of Precision (HDOP)—Measures satellite geometry quality (i.e., number of satellites
received and where they are relative to each other) on a range from 0.0 to 9.9, with lower numbers denoting
better accuracy
• Horizontal and Vertical Figures of Merit (HFOM and VFOM)—Measures of horizontal and vertical position
uncertainty; the current 95% confidence horizontal and vertical accuracy values reported by the GPS
receiver
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SYSTEM OVERVIEW
1.5 G1000 CONTROLS
The G1000 controls have been designed to simplify operation of the system and minimize workload and the
time required to access sophisticated functionality. Controls are located on the PFD and MFD bezels and Audio
Panel. PFD and MFD controls and softkeys are discussed in this section. See the Audio Panel and CNS Section
for more information about Audio Panel and NAV/COM controls. AFCS controls (on the bezel of the MFD) are
described in the AFCS section.
PFD/MFD CONTROLS
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
13
11
14
12
15
16
18
17
Figure 1-13 PFD/MFD Controls
The NAV, CRS/BARO, COM, FMS, and ALT knobs are concentric dual knobs, each having small (inner)
and large (outer) control portion. When a portion of the knob is not specified in the text, either may be used.
Large (Outer) Knob
Small (Inner) Knob
Figure 1-14 Dual Concentric Knob
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SYSTEM OVERVIEW
1
NAV VOL/ID Knob Turn to control NAV audio volume (shown in the NAV Frequency Box as a
percentage)
2
NAV Frequency
Transfer Key
3 NAV Knob
4
5
6
Press to toggle Morse code identifier audio on/off
Transfers the standby and active NAV frequencies
Turn to tune NAV receiver standby frequencies (large knob for MHz; small for kHz)
Heading Knob
Press to toggle light blue tuning box between NAV1 and NAV2
Turn to manually select a heading
Joystick
Press to display a digital heading momentarily to the left of the Horizontal Situation
Indicator (HSI) and synchronize the Selected Heading to the and current heading
Turn to change map range
CRS/BARO Knob
Press to activate Map Pointer and move in desired direction to pan map
Turn large knob for altimeter barometric pressure setting
Turn small knob to adjust course (only when HSI is in VOR or OBS Mode)
7
COM Knob
Press to re-center the CDI and return course pointer directly to bearing of active
waypoint/station
Turn to tune COM transceiver standby frequencies (large knob for MHz; small for
kHz)
Press to toggle light blue tuning box between COM1 and COM2
8
COM Frequency
Transfer Key
(EMERG)
The selected COM (green) is controlled with the COM MIC Key (Audio Panel).
Transfers the standby and active COM frequencies
Press and hold two seconds to tune the emergency frequency (121.5 MHz)
automatically into the active frequency field
9 COM VOL/SQ Knob Turn to control COM audio volume level (shown as a percentage in the COM
Frequency Box)
10
Direct-to Key (
11
FPL Key
12
CLR Key
(DFLT MAP)
13
MENU Key
14
PROC Key
15
ENT Key
190-00592-03 Rev. A
Press to turn the COM automatic squelch on/off
) Activates the direct-to function and allows the user to enter a destination waypoint
and establish a direct course to the selected destination (specified by identifier,
chosen from the active route)
Displays flight plan information
Erases information, cancels entries, or removes menus
Press and hold to display the MFD Navigation Map Page (MFD only).
Displays a context-sensitive list of options for accessing additional features or making
setting changes
Gives access to IFR departure procedures (DPs), arrival procedures (STARs), and
approach procedures (IAPs) for a flight plan or selected airport
Validates/confirms selection or data entry
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
1-19
SYSTEM OVERVIEW
16
Press to turn the selection cursor on/off
FMS Knob
(Flight Management Data Entry: With cursor on, turn to enter data in the highlighted field (large
System Knob)
knob moves cursor location; small knob selects character for highlighted cursor
location)
Scrolling: When a list of information is too long for the window/box, a scroll bar
appears, indicating more items to view. With cursor on, turn large knob to scroll
through the list.
Page Selection: Turn knob on MFD to select the page to view (large knob selects a
page group; small knob selects a specific page from the group)
Press to select softkey shown above the bezel key on the PFD/MFD display
17
Softkey Selection
Keys
18 ALT Knob
Sets the Selected Altitude, shown above the Altimeter (the large knob selects the
thousands, the small knob selects the hundreds)
SOFTKEY FUNCTION
The softkeys are located along the bottoms of the displays. The softkeys shown depend on the softkey level
or page being displayed. The bezel keys below the softkeys can be used to select the appropriate softkey. When
a softkey is selected, its color changes to black text on gray background and remains this way until it is turned
off, at which time it reverts to white text on black background. When a softkey function is disabled, the softkey
label is subdued (dimmed).
Softkeys revert to the previous level after 45 seconds of inactivity.
Softkey
On
Softkey Names
(Displayed)
Bezel-Mounted
Softkeys (Press)
Figure 1-15 Softkeys (Second-Level PFD Configuration)
In the following descriptions, top level softkeys are denoted with bullets.
PFD SOFTKEYS
The CDI, IDENT, TMR/REF, NRST, and ALERTS softkeys undergo a momentary change to black text on
gray background and automatically switch back to white text on black background when selected.
The PFD softkeys provide control over flight management functions, including GPS, NAV, terrain, traffic,
and lightning (optional). Each softkey sublevel has a BACK Softkey which can be selected to return to the
previous level. The ALERTS Softkey is visible at all softkey levels (label changes if messages are issued).
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SYSTEM OVERVIEW
(optional)
INSET
OBS
PFD
CDI
ADF/DME
XPDR
IDENT
TMR/REF
NRST
ALERTS
Press the CDI Softkey to cycle through
navigation sources:
- GPS
- NAV1 (VOR/LOC)
- NAV2 (VOR/LOC)
INSET
Figure 1-16 Top Level PFD Softkeys
Displays Inset Map in PFD lower left corner
• INSET
Removes Inset Map
OFF
(optional) (optional) (optional)
BACK
ALERTS
DCLTR
TERRAIN NEXRAD NEXRAD XM LTNG
OFF
Selects
desired TRAFFIC
amountTOPO
of map
detail; cycles through declutter levels:
DCLTR (3)
DCLTR (No Declutter): All map features visible
Press the OFF or BACK Softkey
DCLTR-1
DCLTR-1: Removes land data
to return to the top-level softkeys.
DCLTR-2: Removes land and SUA data
DCLTR-2
DCLTR-3: Removes everything except active flight plan
DCLTR-3
TRAFFIC Displays/removes traffic information on Inset Map
(optional)
Displays/removesPFDtopographical data (e.g.,
coastlines, terrain, rivers, lakes) on Inset Map
TOPO
INSET
XPDR
IDENT TMR/REF
NRST
ALERTS
OBS
PFD
CDI
ADF/DME
TERRAIN Displays/removes terrain information on Inset Map
on through
Inset Map (optional)
STRMSCP Displays/removes Stormscope weather
Press the information
CDI Softkey to cycle
navigation sources:
Displays/removes NEXRAD weather- GPS
and coverage information on Inset Map (optional)
NEXRAD
(optional)
- NAV1 (VOR/LOC)
XM lightning
information
on Inset
Map (optional)
XM LTNG Displays/removes
BRG2
HSI FMT - ARC
ALERTS
BACK
WIND
HSI(VOR/LOC)
DFLTS
BRG1
DME
ALT UNIT STD BARO
NAV2
INSET
TRAFFIC
DCLTR
OFF
OPTN1
DCLTR-1
OPTN2
TOPO
Press the BRG1/BRG2
softkeys to display/remove
the Bearing Information
windows and cycle through
bearing sources:
- NAV1/NAV2
(optional) (optional)
- GPS
TERRAIN NEXRAD NEXRAD
- ADF
OPTN3
Press the STD BARO or BACK
Softkey to return to the top-level
softkeys.
(optional)
XM LTNG
BACK
ALERTS
BACK
ALERTS
Press the OFF
or BACK
Softkey
to return to the top-level softkeys.
OFF
DCLTR-2
360 HSI
ARC HSI
BACK
ALERTS
BACK
ALERTS
DCLTR-3
METERS
IN
Figure 1-17 INSET Softkeys
PFD
HPA
XPDR
(optional)
DFLTS
WIND
STBY
190-00592-03 Rev. A
0
1
BRG1
DME
ON
ALT
Garmin
G1000
Pilot’s
2
3
4
HSI FMT
ARC HSI
BRG2
ALT UNIT STD BARO
BACK
ALERTS
VFR
IDENT
BACK
ALERTS
CODE
Press the STD
BARO
or BACK
Press
the BRG1/BRG2
softkeys to display/remove Softkey to return to the top-level
softkeys.
the Bearing Information
windows and cycle through
Press the BACK Softkey to
bearing sources:
return to the top-level softkeys.
- NAV1/NAV2
- GPS
Guide
for6 - the
ADF Diamond
IDENTDA40/40F
BACK
5
7
BKSP
ALERTS
GND
1-21
SYSTEM OVERVIEW
Displays second-level softkeys for additional PFD configuration
Resets PFD to default settings, including changing units to standard
Displays softkeys to select and configure wind data
Displays wind data in longitudinal and lateral components
Displays wind data total direction and speed
Displays wind data total direction with head and cross-wind speed components
Removes wind information from display
Displays/removes DME Information Window (optional)
Cycles the Bearing 1 Information Window through:
NAV1: Waypoint frequency/identifier and DME information
GPS: Waypoint identifier and GPS distance information
ADF: Waypoint frequency
Off: Removes window
Displays softkeys to select the HSI format
HSI FMT
360 HSI Displays HSI as a 360° compass rose
ARC HSI Displays HSI as a 140° viewable arc (Bearing Information windows unavailable)
Cycles the Bearing 2 Information Window through:
BRG2
NAV2: Waypoint frequency/identifier and DME information
GPS: Waypoint identifier and GPS distance information
ADF: Waypoint frequency
Off: Removes window
ALT UNIT Displays softkeys for changing the Altimeter barometric setting and altitude displays to
metric units
METERS Displays the current and Selected altitudes in meters in addition to feet, when selected
Displays the Altimeter barometric setting in inches of mercury (in Hg)
IN
Displays the Altimeter barometric setting in hectopascals (hPa)
HPA
STD BARO Sets barometric pressure to 29.92 in Hg (1013 hPa if metric display is selected)
Selects OBS Mode on the CDI when navigating by GPS (only available with active leg)
• OBS
Cycles CDI through GPS, NAV1 (VOR/LOC), and NAV2 (VOR/LOC) navigation sources
• CDI
• ADF/DME Displays/removes ADF/DME Radio Tuning Window (optional; may appear as ADF, DME, or
ADF/DME depending on installation)
• PFD
DFLTS
WIND
OPTN1
OPTN2
OPTN3
OFF
DME
BRG1
1-22
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
190-00592-03 Rev. A
Press the OFF or BACK Softkey
to return to the top-level softkeys.
DCLTR-1
DCLTR-2
SYSTEM OVERVIEW
DCLTR-3
PFD
(optional)
DFLTS
WIND
DME
BRG1
HSI FMT
ARC HSI
BRG2
ALT UNIT STD BARO
BACK
ALERTS
Press the STD BARO or BACK
Press the BRG1/BRG2
softkeys to display/remove Softkey to return to the top-level
softkeys.
the Bearing Information
windows and cycle through
bearing sources:
- NAV1/NAV2
- GPS
- ADF
OPTN1
OPTN2
OPTN3
360 HSI
OFF
BACK
ALERTS
ARC HSI
BACK
ALERTS
BACK
ALERTS
BACK
ALERTS
METERS
IN
HPA
Figure 1-18 PFD ConfigurationXPDR
Softkeys
STBY
ON
ALT
GND
VFR
CODE
IDENT
Press the BACK Softkey to
return to the top-level softkeys.
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
IDENT
BKSP
BACK
ALERTS
Press the IDENT or BACK
Softkey to return to the toplevel softkeys.
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Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
1-23
to return to the top-level softkeys.
DCLTR-2
DCLTR-3
SYSTEM OVERVIEW
PFD
• XPDR
STBY
ON
ALT
GND
VFR
CODE
0—7
BKSP
• IDENT
• TMR/REF
• NRST
• ALERTS
Displays transponder mode selection softkeys:
Selects standby mode (Transponder does not reply to any interrogations)
Selects Mode A (Transponder replies to interrogations)
(optional)
Selects
Mode
C –DME
altitude
reporting
mode (Transponder
replies to identification
and altitude
BRG2
DFLTS
HSI FMT ARC HSI
ALERTS
WIND
BRG1
BACK
ALT UNIT STD BARO
interrogations)
Manually selects Ground ModePress
(Transponder
nottheallow
Mode
A and Mode C
the BRG1/BRG2doesPress
STD BARO
or BACK
softkeys
to
display/remove
Softkey
to
return
to
the
top-level
replies, but does permit acquisition
squitter and replies
to discretely addressed Mode S
the Bearing Information
softkeys.
interrogations)
windows and cycle through
bearing sources:
Automatically enters the VFR code (1200
in U.S.A. only)
- NAV1/NAV2
GPS
Displays transponder code selection -softkeys
0-7
ADF
Use numbers to enter code
ALERTS
BACK
OPTN1
OPTN2
OPTN3
OFF
Removes numbers entered, one at a time
Activates the Special Position Identification (SPI) pulse for 18 seconds, identifying the
360 HSIscreen
ALERTS
BACK
ARC HSI
transponder return on the ATC
Displays/removes Timer/References Window
METERS
ALERTS
BACK
HPA
Displays/removes Nearest Airports
Window IN
Displays/removes Alerts Window
XPDR
STBY
ON
ALT
GND
VFR
CODE
BACK
IDENT
ALERTS
Press the BACK Softkey to
return to the top-level softkeys.
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
IDENT
BKSP
BACK
ALERTS
Press the IDENT or BACK
Softkey to return to the toplevel softkeys.
Figure 1-19 XPDR Softkeys
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Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
190-00592-03 Rev. A
SYSTEM OVERVIEW
MFD SOFTKEYS
MFD softkeys vary depending on the page selected. EIS and Navigation Map Page (default MFD page)
softkeys are described here.
(optional)
ENGINE
DCLTR
MAP
SHW CHRT CHKLIST
DCLTR-1
DCLTR-2
DCLTR-3
LEAN
DEC FUEL INC FUEL RST FUEL
(optional) (optional) (optional)
TERRAIN AIRWAYS STRMSCP NEXRAD XM LTNG
BACK
ENGINE
Press the ENGINE Softkey to
return to the top-level softkeys.
TRAFFIC
TOPO
Press the BACK softkey to
return to the top-level softkeys.
AIRWY ON
AIRWY LO
AIRWY HI
ENGINE
DONE
EXIT
EMERGCY
The DONE Softkey label changes to UNDO
when the checklist item is already checked.
Figure 1-20 MFD Softkeys (EIS, Navigation Map Page, and Checklist)
Displays EIS - Engine Page and second-level engine softkeys; press again to exit page (see the
EIS Section for more information)
Accesses engine leaning assist mode
LEAN
DEC FUEL Decreases displayed fuel remaining in 1-gal increments
INC FUEL Increases displayed fuel remaining in 1-gal increments
RST FUEL Resets displayed fuel remaining to maximum fuel capacity for aircraft and fuel used to zero
• ENGINE
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SYSTEM OVERVIEW
• MAP
TRAFFIC
TOPO
TERRAIN
AIRWAYS
STRMSCP
NEXRAD
XM LTNG
BACK
• DCLTR (3)
• SHW CHRT
• CHKLIST
DONE
EXIT
EMERGCY
1-26
Enables second-level Navigation Map Page softkeys
Displays/removes traffic information on Navigation Map Page
Displays/removes topographical data (e.g., coastlines, terrain, rivers, lakes) on Navigation
Map Page
Displays/removes terrain information on Navigation Map Page
Selects the desired display of Airways; cycles through:
AIRWY ON: All Airways displayed
AIRWY LO: Low Altitude (Victor) Airways displayed
AIRWY HI: High Altitude Airways (Jetways) displayed
AIRWAYS: Airways are not displayed
Displays/removes Stormscope weather information on Inset Map (optional)
Displays/removes NEXRAD weather/coverage on Navigation Map Page (optional)
Displays/removes XM lightning information on Navigation Map Page (optional)
Returns to top-level softkeys
Selects desired amount of map detail; cycles through declutter levels:
DCLTR (No Declutter): All map features visible
DCLTR-1: Removes land data
DCLTR-2: Removes land and SUA data
DCLTR-3: Removes everything except the active flight plan
Displays optional FliteCharts or ChartView charts (optional)
Displays the Checklist Page
Selects the highlighted checklist item
Returns to the top-level softkeys
Immediately accesses the emergency procedures
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
190-00592-03 Rev. A
SYSTEM OVERVIEW
1.6 ACCESSING G1000 FUNCTIONALITY
MENUS
The G1000 has a dedicated MENU Key that when pressed displays a context-sensitive list of options. This
options list allows the user to access additional features or make settings changes which specifically relate to
the currently displayed window/page. There is no all-encompassing menu. Some menus provide access to
additional submenus that are used to view, edit, select, and review options. Menus display ‘No Options’ when
there are no additional features or settings for the window/page selected.
Navigating a menu:
1) Press the MENU Key to display the menu.
2) Turn the FMS Knob to scroll through a list of available options (a scroll bar always appears to the right of the
window/box when the option list is longer than the window/box).
3) Press the ENT Key to select the desired option.
4) Press the CLR Key or FMS Knob to remove the menu and cancel the operation.
No Options for
NRST Window
Options for FPL Window
Figure 1-21 Page Menu Examples
DATA ENTRY
The FMS Knob can be used for directly entering alphanumeric data (e.g., Flight ID, waypoint identifiers,
barometric minimum descent altitude) into the G1000 In some instances, such as when entering an identifier,
the G1000 tries to predict the desired identifier based on the characters being entered. In this case, if the
desired identifier appears, use the ENT Key to confirm the entry without entering the rest of the identifier
manually. This can save the pilot from having to enter all the characters of the identifier.
Besides character-by-character data entry, the system also provides a shortcut for entering waypoint identifiers.
When the cursor is on a field awaiting entry of a waypoint identifier, turning the small FMS Knob counterclockwise accesses three different lists of waypoint identifiers for quick selection: flight plan (FPL), nearest
(NRST), and recently-entered (RECENT). The G1000 automatically fills in the identifier, facility, and city fields
with the information for the selected waypoint.
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1-27
SYSTEM OVERVIEW
Using the FMS Knob to enter data:
1) If needed, press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
2) Use the large FMS Knob to highlight the desired field.
3) Begin entering data.
a) To quickly enter a waypoint identifier, turn the small FMS Knob counter-clockwise to display a list of waypoints
in the active flight plan (list is titled FPL). If desired, turn the small FMS Knob clockwise to scroll through lists
of nearest waypoints (NRST) and recently-entered waypoints (RECENT).
b) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the desired waypoint from the list and press the ENT Key.
OR:
a) Turn the small FMS Knob to select a character for the first placeholder.
Turning the knob clockwise scrolls through the alphabet (where appropriate) toward the letter Z, starting at
K, and the digits zero through nine. Afterwards, turning the knob counter-clockwise scrolls in the opposite
direction.
b) Use the large FMS Knob to move the cursor to the next placeholder in the field.
c) Repeat, using the small FMS Knob to select a character and the large FMS Knob to move the cursor, until the
field is complete.
d) Press the ENT Key to confirm entry.
7) Press the FMS Knob or CLR Key to cancel data entry (the field reverts back to its previous information).
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Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
190-00592-03 Rev. A
SYSTEM OVERVIEW
PAGE GROUPS
NOTE: Refer to other supporting sections in this Pilot’s Guide for details on specific pages.
Information on the MFD is presented on pages which are grouped according to function. The page group and
active page title are displayed in the upper center of the screen, below the Navigation Status Box. In the bottom
right corner of the screen, the current page group, number of pages available in the group, and placement of
the current page within the group are indicated by icons. For some of these pages (Airport/Procedure/Weather
Information, XM, Procedure Loading), the title of the page changes while the page icon remains the same.
Page Group
Page Groups
Active Page Title
Pages in Current Group
Selected Page
Figure 1-22 Page Title and Page Group Icons
There are four main page groups, navigated using the FMS Knob; specific pages within each group can vary
depending on the configuration of optional equipment.
Selecting a page using the FMS Knob:
1) Turn the large FMS Knob until the desired page group is selected.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob until the desired page is selected.
There are also several pages (Airport/Procedures/Weather Information and XM pages) which are selected first
from within a main page group with the FMS Knob, then with the appropriate softkey at the bottom of the page
(or from the page menu). In this case, the page remains set to the selected page until a different page softkey is
selected, even if a different page group is selected.
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Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
1-29
SYSTEM OVERVIEW
• Map Page Group (MAP)
Navigation Map
Traffic Map
Stormscope (optional)
Weather Data Link (optional)
Terrain Proximity/TAWS
(TAWS optional)
Figure 1-23 Map Pages
• Waypoint Page Group (WPT)
Airport/Procedures/Weather Information Pages
- Airport Information
(INFO Softkey)
- Departure Information
(DP Softkey)
- Arrival Information
(STAR Softkey)
- Approach Information
(APR Softkey)
- Weather Information (optional)
(WX Softkey)
Intersection Information
NDB Information
Airport/Procedures/
Weather Information
Pages
VOR Information
User Waypoint Information
1-30
Figure 1-24 Waypoint Pages
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
190-00592-03 Rev. A
SYSTEM OVERVIEW
• Auxiliary Page Group (AUX)
Trip Planning
Utility
GPS Status
System Setup
XM Satellite screens (optional)
- XM Information
(INFO Softkey)
- XM Radio
(RADIO Softkey)
XM
Pages
System Status
Figure 1-25 Auxiliary Pages
• Nearest Page Group (NRST)
Nearest Airports
Nearest Intersections
Nearest NDB
Nearest VOR
Nearest User Waypoints
Nearest Frequencies
Nearest Airspaces
Figure 1-26 Nearest Pages
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Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
1-31
SYSTEM OVERVIEW
In addition to the main page groups accessed exclusively using the FMS Knob, there are pages for flight
planning (FPL) and loading procedures (PROC) which are accessed by key. In some instances, softkeys may be
used to access the Procedure Loading pages.
The Flight Plan pages are accessed using the FPL Key on the MFD. Main pages within this group are selected
by turning the small FMS Knob.
• Flight Plan Page Group (FPL)
Active Flight Plan
Flight Plan Catalog
- Stored Flight Plan
(NEW Softkey)
Figure 1-27 Flight Plan Pages
The Procedure Loading pages may be accessed at any time on the MFD by pressing the PROC Key. A menu
is initialized, and when a departure, approach, or arrival is selected, the appropriate Procedure Loading page is
opened. These pages can also be accessed from the Active and Stored Flight Plan pages using the LD softkeys.
Turning the FMS Knob does not scroll through the Procedure Loading pages (note the single page icon in the
lower right corner).
• Procedure Loading Page Group (PROC)
Departure Loading
Arrival Loading
Approach Loading
Figure 1-28 Procedure Loading Pages
Information on optional electronic checklist pages is offered later in this section. Checklist pages may be
accessed from any page on the MFD using the CHKLIST Softkey.
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Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
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SYSTEM OVERVIEW
SYSTEM SETTINGS
G1000 system settings are managed from the System Setup Page. The following settings can be changed:
• CDI scaling for GPS navigation source
(see the Flight Instruments Section)
• Date/time
• Displayed navigation angle reference
(see the Flight Instruments Section)
• Airspace alerts (see the GPS Navigation Section)
• Arrival alerts (see the GPS Navigation Section)
• MFD Navigation Status Box fields
(see the GPS Navigation Section)
• COM channel spacing
(see the Audio Panel and CNS Section)
• Criteria for displaying nearest airports
(see the GPS Navigation Section)
Restoring system setup defaults:
1) Select the AUX - System Setup Page.
2) Press the DFLTS Softkey.
OR:
a) Press the MENU Key.
b) Highlight ‘Restore Defaults’ and press the ENT Key.
Figure 1-29 System Setup Page
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Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
1-33
SYSTEM OVERVIEW
DATE/TIME
The G1000 obtains the current Universal Coordinated Time (UTC) date and time directly from the GPS
satellite signals (shown on the AUX - GPS Status Page, Figure 1-11). System time (displayed in the lower
right corner of the PFD) can be displayed in three formats: local 12-hr, local 24-hr, or UTC. Local time is set
by adding/subtracting an offset (hours:minutes) to/from UTC.
PFD
Figure 1-30 System Time (Local 24-hr Format)
Configuring the system time:
1) Select the AUX - System Setup Page.
2) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the ‘Time Format’ field.
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the desired format and press the ENT Key to confirm selection. The ‘Time
Offset’ field is highlighted.
5) Use the FMS Knob to enter the desired time offset (±HH:MM) and press the ENT Key to confirm selection.
Figure 1-31 Date/Time Settings
(System Setup Page)
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Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
190-00592-03 Rev. A
SYSTEM OVERVIEW
DISPLAY UNITS
Units in which various quantities are displayed on the G1000 screens are listed on the System Setup Page.
The Navigation Angle reference can be set from here (refer to the Flight Instruments Section).
Category
Settings
Affected Quantities
Navigation Angle Magnetic (North) Heading
True (North)
Course
Bearing
Track
Desired Track
Wind direction (Trip Planning Page)
Distance and
Metric
Crosstrack error (HSI)
Speed
Nautical*
Bearing distances (information windows)
DME distance (information window)
Flight plan distances
Map ranges
DIS, GS, TAS, XTK fields (Navigation Status Box)
All distances on MFD
Altitude buffer distance (System Setup)
Arrival Alert trigger distance (System Setup)
All speeds on MFD
Altitude and
Feet*
All altitudes on MFD
Meters
Vertical Speed
All elevations on MFD
Temperature
Fuel and
Fuel Flow*
Weight
Position
Celsius*
Fahrenheit
Gallons*
Imperial Gallons
Kilograms
Liters
Pounds
Pounds*
Kilograms
HDDD°MM.MM’
HDDD°MM’SS.S”
All temperatures on PFD
Total Air Temperature (Trip Planning Page)
Fuel parameters (Trip Planning Page)
Exceptions
Airspeed Indicator
True Airspeed (PFD)
Wind speed vector
Map range (Traffic Page, Terrain
Proximity/TAWS Page)
CDI scaling (System Setup)
Fuel range calculation (EIS)
Altimeter
Vertical Speed Indicator
VNV altitudes (Active Flight Plan)
Engine Indication System (EIS)
Engine Indication System (EIS)
N/A
N/A
All positions
N/A
* Default setting; contact a Garmin-authorized service center to change display units settings
Table 1-1 Display Units Settings (System Setup Page)
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Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
1-35
SYSTEM OVERVIEW
PILOT PROFILES
System settings may be saved under a pilot profile. When the system is powered on, the last selected pilot
profile is shown on the MFD Power-up Splash Screen (Figure 1-5). The G1000 can store up to 25 profiles;
the currently active profile, the amount of memory used, and the amount of memory available are shown at
the top of the System Setup Page in the box labeled ‘Pilot Profile’. From here, pilot profiles may be created,
selected, renamed, or deleted.
Figure 1-32 Display Unit Settings
(System Setup Page)
Creating a profile:
1) Select the AUX - System Setup Page.
2) Press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘CREATE’ in the Pilot Profile Box.
4) Press the ENT Key. A ‘Create Profile’ window is displayed.
5) Use the FMS Knob to enter a profile name up to 16 characters long and press the ENT Key. Pilot profile names
cannot begin with a blank as the first letter.
6) In the next field, use the small FMS Knob to select the desired settings upon which to base the new profile.
Profiles can be created based on Garmin factory defaults, default profile settings (initially based on Garmin
factory defaults unless edited by the pilot), or current system settings.
7) Press the ENT Key.
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SYSTEM OVERVIEW
8) With ‘CREATE’ highlighted, press the ENT Key to create the profile
OR:
Use the large FMS Knob to select ‘CREATE and ACTIVATE’ and press the ENT Key to activate the new profile.
9) To cancel the process, select ‘CANCEL’ with the large FMS Knob and press the ENT Key.
Selecting an active profile:
1) Select the AUX - System Setup Page.
2) Press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the active profile field in the Pilot Profile Box.
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to display the pilot profile list and highlight the desired profile.
5) Press the ENT Key. The G1000 loads and displays the system settings for the selected profile.
Renaming a profile:
1) Select the AUX - System Setup Page.
2) Press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘RENAME’ in the Pilot Profile Box.
4) Press the ENT Key.
5) In the ‘Rename Profile’ window, turn the FMS Knob to select the profile to rename.
6) Press the ENT Key.
7) Use the FMS Knob to enter a new profile name up to 16 characters long and press the ENT Key.
8) With ‘RENAME’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
9) To cancel the process, use the large FMS Knob to select ‘CANCEL’ and press the ENT Key.
Deleting a profile:
1) Select the AUX - System Setup Page.
2) Press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘DELETE’ in the Pilot Profile Box.
4) Press the ENT Key.
5) In the ‘Delete Profile’ window, turn the FMS Knob to select the profile to delete.
6) Press the ENT Key.
7) With ‘DELETE’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
8) To cancel the process, use the large FMS Knob to select ‘CANCEL’ and press the ENT Key.
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SYSTEM OVERVIEW
TIMERS
The G1000 timers available include:
• Stopwatch-like generic timers (available from the PFD Timer/References Window and on the MFD AUX Utility Page)
• Total-time-in-flight timer (MFD AUX - Utility Page)
• Time since departure (MFD AUX - Utility Page)
The generic timer can be set to count up or down from a specified time (HH:MM:SS). When the countdown
on the timer reaches zero the digits begin to count up from zero. If the timer is reset before reaching zero
on a countdown, the digits are reset to the initial value. If the timer is counting up when reset, the digits are
zeroed.
Setting the generic timer (PFD):
1) Press the TMR/REF Softkey.
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the timer field (hh/mm/ss).
3) Use the FMS Knob to enter the desired time and press the ENT Key.
4) With the UP/DN field highlighted, turn the small FMS Knob to select the timer counting direction (UP/DN) and
press the ENT Key.
6) With ‘START?’ highlighted, press the ENT Key to start the timer. The field changes to ‘STOP?’.
7) To stop the timer, press the ENT Key with ‘STOP?’ highlighted. The field changes to ‘RESET?’.
8) To reset the timer, press the ENT Key with ‘RESET?’ highlighted. The field changes back to ‘START?’ and the
digits are reset.
9) To remove the window, press the CLR Key or the TMR/REF Softkey.
Figure 1-33 Generic Timer
(Timer/References Window)
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Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
190-00592-03 Rev. A
SYSTEM OVERVIEW
Setting the generic timer (MFD AUX - Utility Page):
1) Select the AUX - Utility Page.
2) Press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
3) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the timer counting direction (UP/DN) and press the ENT Key.
4) Use the large FMS Knob to enter the desired time and press the ENT Key.
6) With ‘START?’ highlighted, press the ENT Key to start the timer. The field changes to ‘STOP?’.
6) To stop the timer, press the ENT Key with ‘STOP?’ highlighted. The field changes to ‘RESET?’.
7) To reset the timer, press the ENT Key with ‘RESET?’ highlighted. The field changes back to ‘START?’ and the
digits are reset.
Figure 1-34 Timers (Utility Page)
The flight timer can be set to count up from zero starting at system power-up or from the time that the aircraft
lifts off; the timer can also be reset to zero at any time.
Setting the flight timer starting criterion:
1) Select the AUX - Utility Page.
2) Press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the field next to the flight timer.
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the starting criterion (PWR-ON or IN-AIR) and press the ENT Key.
Resetting the flight timer:
1) Select the AUX - Utility Page.
2) Press the MENU Key.
3) With ‘Reset Flight Timer’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
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1-39
SYSTEM OVERVIEW
The G1000 records the time at which departure occurs, depending on whether the pilot prefers the time to
be recorded from system power-up or from aircraft lift off. The displayed departure time can also be reset to
display the current time at the point of reset. The format in which the time is displayed is controlled from the
System Setup Page.
Setting the departure timer starting criterion:
1) Select the AUX - Utility Page.
2) Press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the field next to the departure time.
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the starting criterion (PWR-ON or IN-AIR) and press the ENT Key.
Resetting the departure time:
1) Select the AUX - Utility Page.
2) Press the MENU Key.
3) Use the FMS Knob to highlight ‘Reset Departure Time’ and press the ENT Key.
SCHEDULER
The G1000’s Scheduler feature can be used to enter and display reminder messages (e.g., “Change oil”,
“Switch fuel tanks”, “Overhaul”) in the Alerts Window on the PFD. Messages can be set to display based on a
specific date and time (event), once the message timer reaches zero (one-time; default setting), or recurrently
whenever the message timer reaches zero (periodic). Message timers set to periodic alerting automatically reset
to the original timer value once the message is displayed. When power is cycled, messages are retained until
deleted, and message timer countdown is restarted.
Figure 1-35 Scheduler (Utility Page)
Entering a scheduler message:
1) Select the AUX - Utility Page.
2) Press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the first empty scheduler message naming field.
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SYSTEM OVERVIEW
4) Use the FMS Knob to enter the message text to be displayed in the Alerts Window and press the ENT Key.
5) Press the ENT Key again or use the large FMS Knob to move the cursor to the field next to ‘Type’.
6) Turn the small FMS Knob to select set the message alert type:
• Event—Message issued at the specified date/time
• One-time—Message issued when the message timer reaches zero (default setting)
• Periodic—Message issued each time the message timer reaches zero
7) Press the ENT Key again or use the large FMS Knob to move the cursor to the next field.
8) For periodic and one-time message, use the FMS Knob to enter the timer value (HHH:MM:SS) from which to
countdown and press the ENT Key.
9) For event-based messages:
a) Use the FMS Knob to enter the desired date (DD-MMM-YYY) and press the ENT Key.
b) Press the ENT Key again or use the large FMS Knob to move the cursor to the next field.
c) Use the FMS Knob to enter the desired time (HH:MM) and press the ENT Key.
10) Press the ENT Key again or use the large FMS Knob to move the cursor to enter the next message.
Deleting a scheduler message:
1) Select the AUX - Utility Page.
2) Press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the name field of the scheduler message to be deleted.
4) Press the CLR Key to clear the message text. If the CLR Key is pressed again, the message is restored.
5) Press the ENT Key to confirm message deletion.
Scheduler messages appear in the Alerts Window on the PFD and cause the ALERTS Softkey label to change
to ‘ADVISORY’. Pressing the ADVISORY Softkey opens the Alerts Window and acknowledges the scheduler
message. The softkey revers to the ‘ALERTS’ label and when pressed, the Alerts Window is removed from the
display and the scheduler message is deleted from the message queue.
Figure 1-36 PFD Alerts Window
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SYSTEM OVERVIEW
ELECTRONIC CHECKLISTS (OPTIONAL)
NOTE: The checklists presented in this section are for example only and may not reflect checklists actually
available for the Diamond DA40/40F. The information described in this section is not intended to replace
the checklist information described in the AFM or the Pilot Safety and Warning Supplements document.
NOTE: Garmin is not responsible for the content of checklists. User-defined checklists are created by the
aircraft manufacturer. Modifications or updates to the checklists are coordinated through the aircraft
manufacturer. The user cannot edit these checklists.
NOTE: Checklists cannot be edited from within the system. Refer to the Garmin Aviation Checklist Editor
(ACE) User’s Guide for information on creating and editing checklists.
The MFD is able to display optional electronic checklists which allow a pilot to quickly find the proper
procedure on the ground and during each phase of flight. The G1000 accesses the checklists from an SD card
inserted into the bezel slot (see Figure 1-3). If the SD card contains an invalid checklist file or no checklist,
the Power-up Splash Screen displays ‘Invalid Checklist File’ or ‘Checklist File Not Present’ and the CHKLIST
Softkey is not available.
Figure 1-37 Checklist Page Example
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SYSTEM OVERVIEW
Accessing and navigating checklists:
1) From any page, press the CHKLIST Softkey.
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the ‘GROUP’ field.
3) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the desired procedure and press the ENT Key.
4) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the ‘Checklist’ field.
5) Turn the FMS Knob to select the desired checklist and press the ENT Key.
6) Turn the FMS Knob to scroll through the checklist and highlight the desired checklist item (has a hollow white
box for checkmark).
The following colors are used for checklist items:
• Blue - Items has not been highlighted
• Green - Item has been selected
• White - Item is highlighted for selection
• Yellow - Warning notes
7) Press the ENT Key or DONE Softkey to select the highlighted checklist item (item turns green and a checkmark
is placed in the box next to the item). The next item is automatically highlighted for selection.
Press the CLR Key to remove a check mark from an item.
8) Once the last item in a checklist is selected, ‘Go to the next checklist?’ is highlighted. Press the ENT Key to
advance to the next checklist displayed.
9) Press the EXIT Softkey or hold down the CLR Key momentarily to exit the Checklist Page and return to the page
last viewed.
Immediately accessing emergency procedures:
1) From any page, press the CHKLIST Softkey.
2) Press the EMERGCY Softkey.
Figure 1-38 Sample Checklist
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SYSTEM OVERVIEW
1.7 DISPLAY BACKLIGHTING
The backlighting of the PFD and MFD displays and bezel and Audio Panel keys can be adjusted automatically or
manually. The default setting (automatic backlighting adjustment) uses photocell technology to automatically adjust
for ambient lighting conditions. Photocell calibration curves are pre-configured to optimize display appearance
through a broad range of cockpit lighting conditions. Manual backlighting adjustment can be accomplished using
the existing instrument panel dimmer bus or the following procedures. In normal operating mode, backlighting
can only be adjusted from the PFD. In Reversionary Mode, it can be adjusted from the remaining display.
Adjusting display backlighting:
1) Press the PFD MENU Key to display the PFD Setup Menu. ‘AUTO’ is now highlighted next to ‘PFD DSPL’.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to select ‘MANUAL’ and press the ENT Key. The intensity value is now highlighted.
3) Use the FMS Knob to enter the desired backlighting then press the ENT Key.
4) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘AUTO’ next to ‘MFD DSPL’ and repeat steps 2-3.
5) To remove the menu, press the CLR or MENU Key.
Adjusting key backlighting:
1) Press the PFD MENU Key to display the PFD Setup Menu. ‘AUTO’ is now highlighted next to ‘PFD DSPL’.
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘PFD DSPL’.
3) Turn the small FMS Knob in the direction of the green arrowhead to display ‘PFD KEY’.
4) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘AUTO’.
5) Turn the small FMS Knob to select ‘MANUAL’ and press the ENT Key. The intensity value is now highlighted.
6) Use the FMS Knob to enter the desired backlighting and press the ENT Key.
7) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘MFD DSPL’.
8) Turn the small FMS Knob in the direction of the green arrowhead to display ‘MFD KEY’ and repeat steps 4-6.
9) To remove the menu, press the CLR or MENU Key.
Figure 1-39 PFD Setup Menu
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FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS
SECTION 2 FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS
WARNING: In the event that the airspeed, attitude, altitude, or heading indications become unusable, refer
to the backup instruments.
NOTE: The Automatic Flight Control System (AFCS) provides additional readouts and bugs on selected flight
instruments. Refer to the AFCS Section for details on these bugs and readouts, as they appear on the display
during certain AFCS modes.
Increased situational awareness is provided by replacing the traditional instruments on the panel with an easyto-scan Primary Flight Display (PFD) that features a large horizon, airspeed, attitude, altitude, vertical speed, and
course deviation information. In addition to the flight instruments, navigation, communication, terrain, traffic,
and weather information are also presented on the PFD and explained in other sections of this Pilot’s Guide.
The following flight instruments and supplemental flight data are displayed on the PFD:
• Airspeed Indicator, showing
– True airspeed
• Vertical Speed Indicator (VSI)
• Horizontal Situation Indicator, showing
– Airspeed awareness ranges
– Turn Rate Indicator
– Reference flags
– Bearing pointers and information windows
• Attitude Indicator with slip/skid indication
• Altimeter, showing
– DME Information Window
• Course Deviation Indicator (CDI)
– Barometric setting
• Outside air temperature (OAT)
– Selected Altitude
• Wind data
• Vertical Deviation, Glideslope, and Glidepath
Indicators
• Vertical Navigation indications
The PFD also displays various alerts and annunciations.
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FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS
21
20
19
18
17
1
16
15
2
14
13
12
3
11
4
10
5
9
6
8
7
1
NAV Frequency Box
12 Altimeter Barometric Setting
2
Airspeed Indicator
13 Vertical Speed Indicator (VSI)
3
True Airspeed
14 Selected Altitude Bug
4
Current Heading
15 Altimeter
5
Horizontal Situation Indicator ( HSI)
16 Selected Altitude
6
Outside Air Temperature (OAT)
17 COM Frequency Box
7
Softkeys
18 AFCS Status Box
8
System Time
19 Navigation Status Box
9
Transponder Data Box
20 Slip/Skid Indicator
10 Selected Heading Bug
21 Attitude Indicator
11 Turn Rate Indicator
Figure 2-1 Primary Flight Display (Default)
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FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS
15
14
1
13
12
2
11
3
10
4
5
9
6
7
8
Flight Plan Window
1
Traffic Annunciation
9
2
Selected Heading
10 Annunciation Window
3
Vspeed Reference
11 Selected Course
4
Wind Data
12 Vertical Speed Required
5
Inset Map
13 Vertical Deviation Indicator (VDI)
6
DME Information Window
14 Current VNV Target Altitude
7
Bearing Information Windows
15 AFCS Status Annunciation
8
Minimum Descent Altitude/
Decision Height
Figure 2-2 Additional PFD Information
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FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS
2.1 FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS
AIRSPEED INDICATOR
NOTE: Refer to the Aircraft Flight Manual Supplement (AFMS) for speed criteria and Vspeed values.
The Airspeed Indicator displays airspeed on a rolling number gauge using a moving tape. The true airspeed is
displayed in knots below the Airspeed Indicator. The numeric labels and major tick marks on the moving tape
are marked at intervals of 10 knots, while minor tick marks on the moving tape are indicated at intervals of 5
knots. Speed indication starts at 20 knots, with 60 knots of airspeed viewable at any time. The actual airspeed
is displayed inside the black pointer. The pointer remains black until reaching never-exceed speed (VNE), at
which point it turns red.
Airspeed Trend Vector
Actual Airspeed
Speed Ranges
Figure 2-4 Red Pointer at VNE
Vspeed Reference
True Airspeed
Figure 2-3 Airspeed Indicator
A color-coded (white, green, yellow, and red) speed range strip is located on the moving tape. The colors
denote flaps operating range, normal operating range, caution range, and never-exceed speed (VNE). Red and
yellow ranges are also present for low speed awareness. For EASA-certified aircraft, the yellow low airspeed
awareness band is not shown and the limits on the other lower speed ranges differ (refer to the AFMS for speed
criteria).
The Airspeed Trend Vector is a vertical, magenta line, extending up or down on the airspeed scale, shown
to the right of the color-coded speed range strip. The end of the trend vector corresponds to the predicted
airspeed in 6 seconds if the current rate of acceleration is maintained. If the trend vector crosses VNE, the text
of the actual airspeed readout changes to yellow. The trend vector is absent if the speed remains constant or if
any data needed to calculate airspeed is not available due to a system failure.
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FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS
Vspeeds (Glide, VR, VX, and VY) can be changed and their flags turned on/off from the Timer/References
Window. When active (on), the Vspeeds are displayed at their respective locations to the right of the airspeed
scale. By default, all Vspeed values are reset and all flags turned off when power is cycled.
Changing Vspeeds and turning Vspeed flags on/off:
1) Press the TMR/REF Softkey.
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the desired Vspeed.
3) Use the small FMS Knob to change the Vspeed in 1-kt increments (when a speed has been changed from a
default value, an asterisk appears next to the speed).
4) Press the ENT Key or turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the ON/OFF field
5) Turn the small FMS Knob clockwise to ON or counterclockwise to OFF.
6) To remove the window, press the CLR Key or the TMR/REF Softkey.
Figure 2-5 Timer/References Window
Figure 2-6 Timer/References Menu
Turning all Vspeed flags on/off:
1) Press the TMR/REF Softkey.
2) Press the MENU Key.
3) To view all Vspeed flags, highlight ‘All References On’ and press the ENT Key.
4) To remove all Vspeed flags, turn the FMS Knob to highlight ‘All References Off’ and press the ENT Key.
Restoring all Vspeed defaults:
1) Press the TMR/REF Softkey.
2) Press the MENU Key.
3) Turn the FMS Knob to highlight ‘Restore Defaults’ and press the ENT Key.
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FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS
ATTITUDE INDICATOR
Attitude information is displayed over a virtual blue sky and brown ground with a white horizon line. The
Attitude Indicator displays the pitch, roll, and slip/skid information.
9
8
1
7
2
6
3
4
1
Roll Pointer
2
Roll Scale
3
Horizon Line
4
Aircraft Symbol
5
Land Representation
6
Pitch Scale
7
Slip/Skid Indicator
8
Sky Representation
9
Roll Scale Zero
5
Figure 2-7 Attitude Indicator
The horizon line is part of the pitch scale. Above and below the horizon line, major pitch marks and numeric
labels are shown for every 10˚, up to 80˚. Minor pitch marks are shown for intervening 5˚ increments, up to
25˚ below and 45˚ above the horizon line. Between 20˚ below to 20˚ above the horizon line, minor pitch marks
occur every 2.5˚.
The inverted white triangle indicates zero on the roll scale. Major tick marks at 30˚ and 60˚ and minor tick
marks at 10˚, 20˚, and 45˚ are shown to the left and right of the zero. Angle of bank is indicated by the position
of the pointer on the roll scale.
The Slip/Skid Indicator is the bar beneath the roll pointer. The indicator moves with the roll pointer and
moves laterally away from the pointer to indicate lateral acceleration. Slip/skid is indicated by the location of
the bar relative to the pointer. One bar displacement is equal to one ball displacement on a traditional Slip/Skid
Indicator.
Figure 2-8 Slip/Skid Indication
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FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS
ALTIMETER
The Altimeter displays 600 feet of barometric altitude values at a time on a rolling number gauge using a
moving tape. Numeric labels and major tick marks are shown at intervals of 100 feet. Minor tick marks are at
intervals of 20 feet. The current altitude is displayed in the black pointer.
The Selected Altitude is displayed above the Altimeter in the box indicated by a selection bug symbol. A bug
corresponding to this altitude is shown on the tape; if the Selected Altitude exceeds the range shown on the
tape, the bug appears at the corresponding edge of the tape. See the AFCS Section for more information about
how the G1000 uses the Selected Altitude.
Setting the Selected Altitude:
Turn the ALT Knob to set the Selected Altitude in 100-ft increments (increments reduce to 10 feet for approach)
up to the aircraft’s service ceiling.
If set, the Minimum Descent Altitude/Decision Height (MDA/DH) value is also available for the Selected Altitude.
Selected Altitude
Selected Altitude Bug
Altitude Trend Vector
Current Altitude
Minimum Descent
Altitude/Decision
Height Bug
Barometric Setting
Figure 2-9 Altimeter
Figure 2-10 Altimeter (Metric Units)
Selected and current altitudes can also be displayed in meters (readouts displayed above the normal readouts
in feet; Figure 2-10). Note that the altitude tape does not change scale.
Displaying altitude in meters:
1) Press the PFD Softkey to display the second-level softkeys.
2) Press the ALT UNIT Softkey.
3) Press the METERS Softkey to turn on metric altitude readouts.
4) Press the BACK Softkey to return to the top-level softkeys.
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FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS
A magenta Altitude Trend Vector extends up or down the left of the altitude tape, the end resting at the
approximate altitude to be reached in 6 seconds at the current vertical speed. The trend vector is not shown if
altitude remains constant or if data needed for calculation is not available due to a system failure.
The barometric pressure setting is displayed below the Altimeter in inches of mercury (in Hg) or hectopascals
(hPa) when metric units are selected. Adjusting the altimeter barometric setting creates discontinuities in VNV
vertical deviation, moving the descent path. For large adjustments, it may take several minutes for the aircraft
to re-establish on the descent path. If the change is made while nearing a waypoint with a VNV Target Altitude,
the aircraft may not re-establish on the descent path in time to meet the vertical constraint.
Selecting the altimeter barometric pressure setting:
Turn the BARO Knob to select the desired setting.
Selecting standard barometric pressure (29.92 in Hg):
1) Press the PFD Softkey to display the second-level softkeys.
2) Press the STD BARO Softkey.
Changing altimeter barometric pressure setting units:
1) Press the PFD Softkey to display the second-level softkeys.
2) Press the ALT UNIT Softkey.
3) Press the IN Softkey to display the barometric pressure setting in inches of mercury (in Hg).
Or, press the HPA Softkey to display the barometric pressure setting in hectopascals (hPa; see Figure 2-10).
4) Press the BACK Softkey to return to the top-level softkeys.
VERTICAL SPEED INDICATOR (VSI)
The Vertical Speed Indicator (VSI, Figure 2-11) displays the aircraft vertical speed using a non-moving tape
labeled at 1000 and 2000 fpm with minor tick marks every 500 fpm. The current vertical speed is displayed
in the pointer along the tape. Digits appear in the pointer when the climb or descent rate is greater than 100
fpm. If the rate of ascent/descent exceeds 2000 fpm, the pointer appears at the corresponding edge of the tape
and the rate appears inside the pointer.
A magenta chevron bug is displayed as the Required Vertical Speed Indication (RVSI) for reaching a VNV
Target Altitude once the “TOD [Top of Descent] within 1 minute” alert has been generated. See the GPS
Navigation Section for details on VNV features, and refer to Section 2.2, Supplemental Flight Data, for more
information about VNV indications on the PFD.
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FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS
VERTICAL DEVIATION, GLIDESLOPE, AND GLIDEPATH INDICATORS
NOTE: The Glidepath Indicator is only shown for aircraft with GIA 63W Integrated Avionics Units when
WAAS is available.
The Vertical Deviation Indicator (VDI; Figure 2-11) uses a magenta chevron to indicate the baro-VNV vertical
deviation when Vertical Navigation (VNV) is being used; the VDI appears in conjunction with the “TOD within
1 minute” alert. Full-scale deflection (two dots) is 1000 feet. The VDI is removed from the display if vertical
deviation becomes invalid. See the GPS Navigation Section for details on VNV features, and refer to Section 2.2,
Supplemental Flight Data, for more information about VNV indications on the PFD.
The Glideslope Indicator (Figure 2-12) appears to the left of the Altimeter whenever an ILS frequency is
tuned in the active NAV field. A green diamond acts as the Glideslope Indicator, like a glideslope needle on a
conventional indicator. If a localizer frequency is tuned and there is no glideslope, “NO GS” is annunciated.
The glidepath is analogous to the glideslope for GPS approaches supporting WAAS vertical guidance (LNAV+V,
L/VNV, LPV) and is generated by the system to reduce pilot workload during approach. When an approach of
this type is loaded into the flight plan and GPS is the selected navigation source, the Glidepath Indicator (Figure
2-13) appears as a magenta diamond. If the approach type downgrades past the final approach fix (FAF), “NO
GP” is annunciated.
VNV Target Marker
Altitude
Beacon
Annunciation
Vertical
Speed
Indicator
Vertical
Deviation
Indicator
Glideslope
Indicator
Glidepath
Indicator
Vertical
Speed
Pointer
Required
Vertical
Speed
Figure 2-11 Vertical Speed and
Deviation Indicators (VSI and VDI)
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Figure 2-12 Glideslope Indicator
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
Figure 2-13 Glidepath Indicator
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FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS
HORIZONTAL SITUATION INDICATOR (HSI)
The Horizontal Situation Indicator (HSI) displays a rotating compass card in a heading-up orientation. Letters
indicate the cardinal points and numeric labels occur every 30˚. Major tick marks are at 10˚ intervals and minor
tick marks at 5˚ intervals. A digital reading of the current heading appears on top of the HSI, and the current
track is represented on the HSI by a magenta diamond bug. The HSI also presents turn rate, course deviation,
bearing, and navigation source information and is available in two formats (360˚ compass rose and 140˚ arc).
Changing the HSI display format:
1) Press the PFD Softkey.
2) Press the HSI FRMT Softkey.
3) Press the 360 HSI or ARC HSI Softkey.
The 360˚ HSI (Figure 2-14) contains a Course Deviation Indicator (CDI), with a Course Pointer, To/From
Indicator, and a sliding deviation bar and scale. The course pointer is a single line arrow (GPS, VOR1, and
LOC1) or a double line arrow (VOR2 and LOC2) which points in the direction of the set course. The To/From
arrow rotates with the course pointer and is displayed when the active NAVAID is received.
15
14
13
1
2
3
To/From Indicator
1
Turn Rate Indicator
9
2
Current Track Bug
10 Course Pointer
3
Lateral Deviation Scale
11 Heading Bug
4
Navigation Source
12 Flight Phase
5
Aircraft Symbol
13 Turn Rate/Heading
6
4
12
5
11
6
10
7
9
7
Course Deviation Indicator
(CDI)
Rotating Compass Rose
8
8
OBS Mode Active
Trend Vector
14 Current Heading
15 Lubber Line
Figure 2-14 Horizontal Situation Indicator (HSI)
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FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS
The Arc HSI (Figure 2-15) is a 140˚ expanded section of the compass rose. The Arc HSI contains a Course
Pointer, To/From Indicator, a sliding deviation indicator (the To/From and deviation indicators are combined),
and a deviation scale. Upon station passage, the To/From Indicator flips and points to the tail of the aircraft,
just like a conventional To/From flag. Depending on the navigation source, the CDI on the Arc HSI can appear
in two different ways: an arrowhead (GPS, VOR, OBS) or a diamond (LOC).
Course Pointer
Navigation Source
Flight Phase Annunciation
Course Deviation and
To/From Indicator
Lateral Deviation Scale
Figure 2-15 Arc HSI
The Selected Heading is shown to the upper left of the HSI for 3 seconds after being adjusted The light blue
bug on the compass rose corresponds to the Selected Heading. While the HSI is displayed as an arc, if the
Selected Heading Bug is adjusted off the shown portion of the compass rose, the digital reading displayed.
Adjusting the Selected Heading:
Turn the HDG Knob to set the Selected Heading.
Press the HDG Knob to synchronize the bug to the current heading.
The Selected Course is shown to the upper right of the HSI for 3 seconds after being adjusted. While the
HSI is displayed as an arc, the Selected Course is displayed whenever the Course Pointer is not within the 140˚
currently shown.
Adjusting the Selected Course:
Turn the CRS Knob to set the Selected Course.
Press the CRS Knob to re-center the CDI and return the course pointer to the bearing of the active waypoint or
navigation station (see OBS Mode for adjusting a GPS course).
Current Track Bug
Current Heading
Selected Heading
Selected Course
Selected Heading Bug
Figure 2-16 Heading and Course Indications
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FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS
Navigation angles (track, heading, course, bearing) are corrected to the computed magnetic variation (‘Mag
Var’) or referenced to true north (denoted ‘T’), set on the AUX - System Setup Page. When an approach
referenced to true north has been loaded into the flight plan, the system generates a message to change the
navigation angle setting to ‘True’ at the appropriate time.
Figure 2-17 Heading and Course Indications (True)
Changing the navigation angle setting:
1) Use the FMS Knob to select the AUX - System Setup Page on the MFD.
2) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘Nav Angle’ in the ‘Display Units’ box (Figure 2-18).
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to highlight the desired setting and press the ENT Key.
• TRUE - References angles to true north (denoted with ‘T’)
• MAGNETIC - Angles corrected to the computed magnetic variation (‘Mag Var’)
Figure 2-18 System Setup Page,
Navigation Angle Settings
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FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS
TURN RATE INDICATOR
The Turn Rate Indicator is located directly above the rotating compass card. Tick marks to the left and right
of the lubber line denote half-standard and standard turn rates. A magenta Turn Rate Trend Vector shows the
current turn rate. The end of the trend vector gives the heading predicted in 6 seconds, based on the present
turn rate. A standard-rate turn is shown on the indicator by the trend vector stopping at the standard turn
rate tick mark, corresponding to a predicted heading of 18˚ from the current heading. At rates greater than 4
deg/sec, an arrowhead appears at the end of the magenta trend vector and the prediction is no longer valid.
Half-std Turn Rate
Arrow Shown for
Turn Rate > 4 deg/sec
Std Turn Rate
Figure 2-19 Turn Rate Indicator and Trend Vector
BEARING POINTERS AND INFORMATION WINDOWS
NOTE: When the Arc HSI is displayed, the Bearing Information windows and pointers are disabled.
Two bearing pointers and associated information can be displayed on the HSI for NAV and GPS sources.
The pointers are light blue and are single- (BRG1) or double-lined (BRG2); an icon is shown in the respective
information window to indicate the pointer type. The bearing pointers never override the CDI and are
visually separated from the CDI by a white ring (shown when bearing pointers are selected but not necessarily
visible due to data unavailability).
Tuning Mode
Frequency
Bearing 1
Pointer
Bearing 2
Pointer
Distance
DME Information Window
Distance to
Bearing Source
Bearing
Source
No
Waypoint
Selected
Station
Identifier
Pointer
Icon
Pointer
Icon
Bearing 1 Information Window
Bearing
Source
Bearing 2 Information Window
Figure 2-20 HSI with Bearing and DME Information
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FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS
When a bearing pointer is displayed, its associated information window is also displayed. The Bearing
Information windows (Figure 2-20) are displayed to the lower sides of the HSI and show:
• Bearing source (NAV, GPS, ADF)
• Station/waypoint identifier (NAV, GPS)
• Pointer icon (BRG1 = single line, BRG2 = double line)
• GPS-derived great circle distance to bearing
source
• Frequency (NAV, ADF)
If the NAV radio is the bearing source and is tuned to an ILS frequency (refer to the Audio Panel and CNS
Section for information on tuning the radios), the bearing pointer is removed from the HSI and the frequency
is replaced with “ILS”. When NAV1 or NAV2 is the selected bearing source, the frequency is replaced by the
station identifier when the station is within range. If GPS is the bearing source, the active waypoint identifier
is displayed in lieu of a frequency.
The bearing pointer is removed from the HSI and “NO DATA” is displayed in the information window if:
• The NAV radio is not receiving the tuned VOR
station
• GPS is the bearing source and an active waypoint
is not selected
Selecting bearing display and changing sources:
1) Press the PFD Softkey.
2) Press a BRG Softkey to display the desired bearing pointer and information window with a NAV source.
3) Press the BRG Softkey again to change the bearing source to GPS.
4) Press the BRG Softkey a third time to change the bearing source to ADF (note: ADF radio installation is
optional).
5) To remove the bearing pointer and information window, press the BRG Softkey again.
DME INFORMATION WINDOW
NOTE: DME radio installation is optional.
The DME Information Window is displayed above the BRG1 Information Window and shows the DME
label, tuning mode (NAV1, NAV2, or HOLD), frequency, and distance. When a signal is invalid, the distance
is replaced by “–.– – NM”. Refer to the Audio Panel and CNS Section for information on tuning the radios.
Displaying the DME Information Window:
1) Press the PFD Softkey.
2) Press the DME Softkey to display the DME Information Window above the BRG1 Information Window.
3) To remove the DME Information Window, press the DME Softkey again.
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FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS
COURSE DEVIATION INDICATOR (CDI)
NOTE: If a heading change of greater than 105˚ with respect to the course is made, the CDI on the Arc HSI
switches to the opposite side of the deviation scale and displays reverse sensing.
The Course Deviation Indicator (CDI) moves left or right from the course pointer along a lateral deviation
scale to display aircraft position relative to the course. If the course deviation data is not valid, the CDI is not
displayed.
Flight Phase
Navigation
Source
Scale
Crosstrack
Error
Navigation Source
Flight
Phase
Crosstrack Error
CDI
CDI Scale
CDI
Arc HSI
360º HSI
Figure 2-21 Course Deviation Indicator
The CDI can display two sources of navigation: GPS or NAV (VOR, localizer). Color indicates the current
navigation source: magenta (for GPS) or green (for VOR and LOC). The full scale limits for the CDI are defined
by a GPS-derived distance when coupled to GPS. When coupled to a VOR or localizer (LOC), the CDI has the
same angular limits as a mechanical CDI. If the CDI exceeds the maximum deviation on the scale (two dots)
while coupled to GPS, the crosstrack error (XTK) is displayed below the white aircraft symbol.
Figure 2-22 Navigation Sources
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FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS
Changing navigation sources:
1) Select the CDI Softkey to change from GPS to VOR1 or LOC1. This places the light blue tuning box over the
NAV1 standby frequency in the upper left corner of the PFD.
2) Select the CDI Softkey again to change from VOR1 or LOC1 to VOR2 or LOC2. This places the light blue tuning
box over the NAV2 standby frequency.
3) Select the CDI Softkey a third time to return to GPS.
NAV1 Selected
for Tuning
LOC1
Selected
GPS
Selected
NAV2 Selected
for Tuning
VOR2
Selected
CDI Softkey Cycles Through
Navigation Sources
Figure 2-23 Selecting a Navigation Source
The system automatically switches from GPS to LOC navigation source and changes the CDI scaling accordingly
when all of the following occur:
• A localizer or ILS approach has been loaded into the active flight plan
• The final approach fix (FAF) is the active waypoint, the FAF is less than 15 nm away, and the aircraft is moving
toward the FAF
• A valid localizer frequency has been tuned
• The GPS CDI deviation is less than 1.2 times full-scale deflection
GPS steering guidance is still provided after the CDI automatically switches to LOC until LOC capture, up
to the Final Approach Fix (FAF) for an ILS approach, or until GPS information becomes invalid. Activating a
Vector-to-Final (VTF; see the GPS Navigation Section) also causes the CDI to switch to LOC navigation source;
GPS steering guidance is not provided after this switch.
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FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS
GPS CDI SCALING
When GPS is the selected navigation source, the flight plan legs are sequenced automatically and
annunciations appear on the HSI for the flight phase. Flight phase annunciations are normally shown in
magenta, but when cautionary conditions exist the color changes to yellow. If the current leg in the flight plan
is a heading leg, ‘HDG LEG’ is annunciated in magenta beneath the aircraft symbol.
The current GPS CDI scale setting is displayed as ‘System CDI’ on the AUX - System Setup Page and the fullscale deflection setting may also be changed (2.0 nm, 1.0 nm, 0.3 nm, or Auto) from this page (Figure 2-24).
If the selected scaling is smaller than the automatic setting for enroute and terminal phases, the CDI is scaled
accordingly and the selected setting is be displayed rather than the flight phase annunciation.
Changing the selected GPS CDI setting:
1) Use the FMS Knob to select the AUX - System Setup Page on the MFD.
2) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘Selected’ in the ‘GPS CDI’ box.
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to highlight the desired setting and press the ENT Key.
5) To cancel the selection, press the FMS Knob or the CLR Key.
Figure 2-24 System Setup Page,
GPS CDI Settings
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FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS
Terminal
Refer to accompanying
approach CDI scaling figures
Approach
0.3 nm
1.0 nm
1.0 nm
2.0 nm
Enroute
(Oceanic if >200 nm
from nearest airport)
31 nm from Destination Airport
Terminal
30 nm from Departure Airport
Departure
1.0 nm
0.3 nm
CDI Full-scale Deflection
When set to ‘Auto’ (default), the GPS CDI scale automatically adjusts to the desired limits based upon the
current phase of flight (Figure 2-25, Table 2-1).
Missed
Approach
Figure 2-25 Automatic CDI Scaling
• Once a departure procedure is activated, the CDI is scaled for departure (0.3 nm).
• The system switches from departure to terminal CDI scaling (1.0 nm) under the following conditions:
- The next leg in the procedure is not aligned with the departure runway
- The next leg in the departure procedure is not CA, CD, CF, CI, CR, DF, FA, FC, FD, FM, IF, or TF (see
Glossary for leg type definitions)
- After any leg in the departure procedure that is not CA or FA
• At 30 nm from the departure airport (or at the last departure waypoint if more than 30 nm from the
departure airport), the enroute phase of flight is automatically entered and CDI scaling changes to 2.0 nm
over a distance of 1.0 nm.
• If after completing the departure procedure the nearest airport is more than 200 nm away from the aircraft
and the approach procedure has not yet commenced, the CDI is scaled for oceanic flight (2.0 nm).
• Within 31 nm of the destination airport (terminal area), the CDI scale gradually ramps down from 2.0 nm
to 1.0 nm over a distance of 1.0 nm; if a transition back to enroute flight occurs, the CDI scale increases
back to 2.0 in the same manner.
• During approach, the CDI scale ramps down even further (see Figures 2-26 and 2-27). This transition
normally occurs within 2.0 nm of the final approach fix (FAF). The CDI switches to approach scaling
automatically once the approach procedure is activated or if Vector-to-Final (VTF) is selected.
- If the active waypoint is the FAF, the ground track and the bearing to the FAF must be within 45° of the
final approach segment course.
- If the active waypoint is part of the missed approach procedure, the active leg and preceding missed
approach legs must be aligned with the final approach segment course and the aircraft must not have
passed the turn initiation point.
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2 nm
2 nm
FAF
FAF
CDI scale varies if VTF is activated
0.3 nm
1.0 nm
angle based
on database
information
course width
angle set
by system
350 ft
0.3 nm
1.0 nm
CDI Full-scale Deflection
CDI scale is set to the smaller of 0.3 nm
or an angle set by the system
CDI Full-scale Deflection
FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS
Landing
Threshold
CDI scale varies if VTF is activated
Figure 2-26 Typical LNAV and LNAV+V Approach CDI Scaling
Figure 2-27 Typical LNAV/VNAV and LPV Approach CDI Scaling
• When a missed approach is activated, the CDI scale changes to 0.3 nm.
• The system automatically switches back to terminal scaling under the following conditions:
- The next leg in the missed approach procedure is not aligned with the final approach path
- The next leg in the missed approach procedure is not CA, CD, CF, CI, CR, DF, FA, FC, FD, FM, IF, or TF
- After any leg in the missed approach procedure that is not CA or FA
Flight Phase
Departure
Terminal
Enroute
Oceanic
Annunciation
DPRT
TERM
ENR
OCN
Approach
(Non-precision)
LNAV
Approach
(Non-precision with
Vertical Guidance)
Approach
(LNAV/VNAV)
Approach
(LPV)
Missed Approach
Automatic CDI Full-scale Deflection
0.3 nm
1.0 nm
2.0 nm
2.0 nm
1.0 nm decreasing to 350 feet depending on
variables (see Figure 2-26)
LNAV + V
L/VNAV
LPV
MAPR
1.0 nm decreasing to a specified course width, then
0.3 nm, depending on variables (see Figure 2-27)
0.3 nm
Table 2-1 Automatic GPS CDI Scaling
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FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS
OBS MODE
NOTE: VNV is inhibited while automatic waypoint sequencing has been suspended.
Enabling Omni-bearing Selector (OBS) Mode suspends the automatic sequencing of waypoints in a GPS
flight plan (GPS must be the selected navigation source), but retains the current “active-to” waypoint as the
navigation reference even after passing the waypoint. ‘OBS’ is annunciated to the lower right of the aircraft
symbol when OBS Mode is selected (see Figure 2-28).
While OBS Mode is enabled, a course line is drawn through the “active-to” waypoint on the moving map.
If desired, the course to/from the waypoint can now be adjusted. When OBS Mode is disabled, the GPS flight
plan returns to normal operation with automatic sequencing of waypoints, following the course set in OBS
Mode. The flight path on the moving map retains the modified course line.
GPS Selected
Extended
Course Line
OBS Mode
Enabled
Pressing the OBS Softkey
Suspends Waypoint Sequencing
Pressing the OBS Softkey Again
Returns to Normal Operation
Figure 2-28 Omni-bearing Selector (OBS) Mode
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FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS
Enabling/disabling OBS Mode while navigating a GPS flight plan:
1) Select the OBS Softkey to select OBS Mode.
2) Turn the CRS Knob to select the desired course to/from the waypoint. Press the CRS Knob to synchronize the
Selected Course with the bearing to the next waypoint.
3) Select the OBS Softkey again to return to automatic waypoint sequencing.
As the aircraft crosses the missed approach point (MAP), automatic approach waypoint sequencing is
suspended. ‘SUSP’ appears on the HSI (to the lower right of the aircraft symbol) in place of ‘OBS’ and the
OBS Softkey label changes to SUSP.
SUSP
Annunciation
SUSP Softkey Suspends
Waypoint Sequencing
Figure 2-29 Suspending Automatic Waypoint Sequencing
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FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS
2.2 SUPPLEMENTAL FLIGHT DATA
NOTE: Selecting the DFLTS Softkey (a second-level PFD softkey) turns off metric Altimeter display, the Inset
Map, and wind data display.
In addition to the flight instruments, the PFD also displays various supplemental information, including the
Outside Air Temperature (OAT), wind data, and Vertical Navigation (VNV) indications.
OUTSIDE AIR TEMPERATURE
The Outside Air Temperature (OAT) is displayed in degrees Celsius (°C) by default in the lower left of the PFD
under normal display conditions, or below the true airspeed in reversionary mode.
Normal Display
Reversionary Mode
Figure 2-30 Outside Air Temperature
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FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS
WIND DATA
Wind direction and speed (relative to the aircraft) in knots can be displayed in a window to the upper left of
the HSI. When the window is selected for display, but wind information is invalid or unavailable, the window
shows “NO WIND DATA”. Wind data can be displayed in three different ways:
Option 1
Option 2
Option 3
No Data
Figure 2-31 Wind Data
Displaying wind data:
1) Press the PFD Softkey.
2) Press the WIND Softkey to display wind data below the Selected Heading.
3) Press one of the OPTN softkeys to change how wind data is displayed:
• OPTN 1: Head and crosswind components
• OPTN 2: Total wind direction and speed
• OPTN 3: Total wind direction with head and crosswind speed components
4) To remove the window, press the OFF Softkey.
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FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS
VERTICAL NAVIGATION (VNV) INDICATIONS
When a VNV flight plan has been activated, VNV indications (VNV Target Altitude, RSVI, VDI) appear on
the PFD in conjunction with the “TOD within 1 minute” message and “Vertical track” voice alert. See the GPS
Navigation section for details on VNV features. VNV indications are removed from the PFD according to the
criteria listed in Table 2-2.
Top of Descent Message
VNV Target
Altitude
Vertical Deviation
Indicator
Required Vertical
Speed Bug
GPS is Selected
Navigation Source
Enroute Phase
of Flight
Figure 2-32 Vertical Navigation Indications (PFD)
VNV Indication Removed
Criteria
Required Vertical
Vertical
VNV Target
Speed (RSVI)
Deviation (VDI)
Altitude
Aircraft > 1 min before the next TOD and not on a descent leg
X
X
X
Aircraft > 1 min before the next TOD due to flight plan change
X
X
X
VNV cancelled (CNCL VNV Softkey selected on MFD)
X
X
X
Distance to active waypoint cannot be computed due to
X
X
X
unsupported flight plan leg type (see GPS Navigation Section)
X
X
X
Aircraft > 250 feet below active VNV Target Altitude
Current crosstrack or track angle error has exceeded limit
X
X
X
Active altitude-constrained waypoint can not be reached within
X
X
maximum allowed flight path angle and vertical speed
X
X
X
Last altitude-constrained waypoint in active flight plan reached
(30 sec before)
Table 2-2 VNV Indication Removal Criteria
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FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS
2.3 PFD ANNUNCIATIONS AND ALERTING FUNCTIONS
The following annunciations and alerting functions are displayed on the PFD. Refer to Appendix A for more
information on alerts and annunciations.
G1000 ALERTING SYSTEM
Messages appear in the Alerts Window (in the lower right corner of the PFD; Figure 2-33) when a warning,
caution, advisory alert, or G1000 message advisory occurs. System alert messages are provided for aware of
G1000 system problems or status and may not require pilot action. The Alerts Window allows system alerts
to be displayed simultaneously. The FMS Knob can be used to scroll through the alert messages. The Alerts
Window is enabled/disabled by selecting the ALERTS Softkey. If the window is already open when a new
message is generated, selecting the ALERTS Softkey to acknowledge the message causes it to turn gray.
The Annunciation Window appears to the right of the Vertical Speed Indicator and displays abbreviated
annunciation text for aircraft alerts. Text color is based on alert level: warnings appear in red, cautions in
yellow, advisory alerts in white. New alerts, regardless of priority, are displayed at the top of the Annunciation
Window, separated by a white line from acknowledged alerts. Once acknowledged, they are sequenced based
on priority.
Annunciation Window
Alerts Window
Softkey Annunciation
Figure 2-33 G1000 Alerting System
The ALERTS Softkey label changes to display the appropriate annunciation when an alert is issued. The
annunciation flashes and the appropriate aural alert sounds until acknowledged by pressing the softkey. The
softkey then reverts to the ALERTS Softkey label, and when selected again opens the Alerts Window to display
a descriptive message of the alert.
Warnings are time-critical and require immediate attention. A flashing WARNING Softkey annunciation and
aural tone (single chime every two seconds) indicate the presence of a warning. The aural tone and flashing
WARNING Softkey annunciation continue until acknowledged (by pressing the WARNING Softkey).
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FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS
Caution indicates the existence of abnormal conditions on the aircraft that may require pilot intervention. A
flashing CAUTION Softkey annunciation and single aural tone (one chime) indicate the presence of a caution.
The flashing CAUTION Softkey annunciation continues to flash until acknowledged (by pressing the CAUTION
Softkey).
An advisory provides general information to the pilot that may not need immediate attention. A flashing
ADVISORY Softkey annunciation (no aural tone) indicates the presence of a message advisory. The flashing
ADVISORY Softkey annunciation continues to flash until acknowledged (by pressing the ADVISORY
Softkey).
Figure 2-34 Softkey Annunciation (ALERTS Softkey Labels)
MARKER BEACON ANNUNCIATIONS
Marker Beacon Annunciations are displayed on the PFD to the left of the Selected Altitude. Outer marker
reception is indicated in blue, middle in yellow, and inner in white. Refer to the Audio Panel and CNS Section
for more information on Marker Beacon Annunciations.
Outer Marker
Middle Marker
Inner Marker
Altimeter
Figure 2-35 Marker Beacon Annunciations
TRAFFIC ANNUNCIATION
The G1000 System displays traffic symbolically on the PFD Inset Map, the Navigation Map Page (MFD), and
various other MFD page maps. Refer to the Hazard Avoidance Section and Appendix E for more details about
the Traffic Information Service (TIS) and optional Traffic Advisory Systems (TAS). When a traffic advisory (TA)
is detected, the following automatically occur:
• The PFD Inset Map is enabled and displays traffic
• A flashing black-on-yellow ‘TRAFFIC’ annunciation (Figure 2-36) appears to the top left of the Attitude
Indicator for five seconds and remains displayed until no TAs are detected in the area
• A single “Traffic” aural alert is generated, unless an optional Traffic Advisory System (TAS) is installed (refer
to the applicable TAS documentation for alerts generated by TAS equipment)
If additional TAs appear, new aural and visual alerts are generated.
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FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS
TAWS ANNUNCIATIONS (OPTIONAL)
Terrain Awareness and Warning System (TAWS) annunciations appear on the PFD to the upper left of
the Altimeter. Refer to the Hazard Avoidance Section and Appendix A for information on TAWS alerts and
annunciations.
Inset Map Enabled,
Displaying Traffic
When TA Detected
Figure 2-36 Traffic and Example TAWS Annunciations
ALTITUDE ALERTING
The Altitude Alerting function provides the pilot with visual and aural alerts when approaching the Selected
Altitude. Whenever the Selected Altitude is changed, the Altitude Alerter is reset. The Altitude Alerter is
independent of the GFC 700 AFCS, but alerting tones are generated only when the GFC 700 is installed. The
following occur when approaching the Selected Altitude:
• Upon passing through 1000 feet of the Selected Altitude, the Selected Altitude (shown above the Altimeter)
changes to black text on a light blue background, flashes for 5 seconds, and an aural tone is generated.
• When the aircraft passes within 200 ft of the Selected Altitude, the Selected Altitude changes to light blue text
on a black background and flashes for 5 seconds.
• After reaching the Selected Altitude, if the pilot flies outside the deviation band (±200 feet of the Selected
Altitude), the Selected Altitude changes to yellow text on a black background, flashes for 5 seconds, and an
aural tone is generated.
Within 1000 ft
Within 200 ft
Deviation of ±200 ft
Figure 2-37 Altitude Alerting Visual Annunciations
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FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS
LOW ALTITUDE ANNUNCIATION
NOTE: The Low Altitude Annunciation is available only for aircraft with GIA 63W Integrated Avionics Units
when WAAS is available. This annunciation is not shown for systems with TAWS, unless TAWS is inhibited.
When the Final Approach Fix (FAF) is the active waypoint in a GPS WAAS approach using vertical guidance,
a Low Altitude Annunciation may appear if the current aircraft altitude is at least 164 feet below the prescribed
altitude at the FAF. A black-on-yellow ‘LOW ALT’ annunciation appears to the top right of the Altimeter,
flashing for several seconds then remaining displayed until the condition is resolved.
Altimeter
Figure 2-38 Low Altitude on GPS WAAS Approach
MINIMUM DESCENT ALTITUDE/DECISION HEIGHT ALERTING
For altitude awareness, a barometric Minimum Descent Altitude (MDA, or Decision Height, DH) can be set
in the Timer/References Window and is reset when the power is cycled. When active, the altitude setting is
displayed to the lower left of the Altimeter and with a bug at the corresponding altitude along the Altimeter
(once the altitude is within the range of the tape). The following visual annunciations occur when approaching
the MDA/DH:
• When the aircraft altitude descends to within 2500 feet of the MDA/DH setting, the ‘BARO MIN’ box appears
with the altitude in light blue text. The bug appears on the altitude tape in light blue once in range.
• When the aircraft passes through 100 feet of the MDA/DH, the bug and text turn white.
• Once the aircraft reaches the MDA/DH, the bug and text turn yellow and the aural alert, “Minimums
Minimums”, is generated.
Within 2500 feet
Within 100 feet
Altitude Reached
MDA/DH Bug
MDA/DH Setting
Figure 2-39 Minimum Descent Altitude/Decision Height Alerting Visual Annunciations
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FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS
Setting the barometric minimum descent altitude/decision height and bug:
1) Select the TMR/REF Softkey.
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the ‘Minimums’ field (Figure 2-40).
3) Turn the small FMS Knob to select BARO. OFF is selected by default. Press the ENT Key or turn the large FMS
Knob to highlight the next field.
4) Use the small FMS Knob to enter the desired altitude (from zero to 16,000 feet).
5) To remove the window, press the CLR Key or the TMR/REF Softkey.
Figure 2-40 Minimum Descent Altitude/Decision Height
Setting (Timer/References Window)
Alerting is inhibited while the aircraft is on the ground and until the aircraft reaches 150 feet above the setting
for the alert. If the aircraft proceeds to climb after having reached the MDA/DH, once it reaches 50 feet above
the MDA/DH, alerting is disabled.
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FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS
2.4 ABNORMAL OPERATIONS
ABNORMAL GPS CONDITIONS
The annunciations listed in Table 2-3 can appear on the HSI when abnormal GPS conditions occur; see Figure
2-41 for examples. Refer to the GPS Navigation Section for more information on Dead Reckoning Mode.
Annunciation
LOI
WARN
INTEG OK
DR
Location
Lower left of
aircraft symbol
Lower left of
aircraft symbol
Lower left of
aircraft symbol
Upper right of
aircraft symbol
Description
Loss of Integrity Monitoring–GPS integrity is insufficient for the current
phase of flight
Warning–RAIM function detects excessive GPS position errors
Integrity OK–GPS integrity has been restored to within normal limits
(annunciation displayed for 5 seconds)
Dead Reckoning–System is using projected position rather than GPS position
to compute navigation data and sequence active flight plan waypoints
Table 2-3 Abnormal GPS Conditions Annunciated on HSI
Figure 2-41 Example HSI Annunciations
Dead Reckoning Mode causes the CDI to be removed from the display (when GPS is the selected navigation
source) and the following items on the PFD to be shown in yellow:
• Current Track Bug
• Wind Data (calculated based on GPS information)
• Distances in the Bearing Information windows
• GPS bearing pointers
These items should be verified when operating in Dead Reckoning Mode.
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FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS
UNUSUAL ATTITUDES
When the aircraft enters an unusual pitch attitude, red extreme pitch warning chevrons pointing toward the
horizon are displayed on the Attitude Indicator, starting at 50˚ above and 30˚ below the horizon line.
Nose High
Nose Low
Figure 2-42 Pitch Attitude Warnings
If pitch exceeds +30˚/-20˚ or bank exceeds 65˚, some information displayed on the PFD is removed. The
Altimeter and Airspeed, Attitude, Vertical Speed, and Horizontal Situation indicators remain on the display
and the Bearing Information, Alerts, and Annunciation windows can be displayed during such situations. The
following information is removed from the PFD (and corresponding softkeys are disabled) when the aircraft
experiences unusual attitudes:
• Traffic Annunciations
• PFD Setup Menu
• AFCS Annunciations
• Windows displayed in the lower
right corner of the PFD:
• Minimum Descent Altitude/
Decision Height readout
• Inset Map
– Timer/References
• Vertical Deviation, Glideslope,
and Glidepath Indicators
• Outside air temperature (OAT)
– Nearest Airports
• Altimeter Barometric Setting
• DME Information Window
– Flight Plan
• Selected Altitude
• Wind data
– Alerts
• VNV Target Altitude
• Transponder Status Box
– Procedures
• System Time
– ADF/DME Tuning
• Flight director Command Bars
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FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS
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ENGINE INDICATION SYSTEM
SECTION 3 ENGINE INDICATION SYSTEM
The G1000 Engine Indication System (EIS) displays critical engine, electrical, fuel, and other system parameters
on the left side of the Multi Function Display (MFD) during normal operations (Figure 3-1). EIS information can
be fully expanded to an entire page (EIS - Engine Page) using the ENGINE Softkey. In Reversionary Mode, the
displays are re-configured to present Primary Flight Display (PFD) symbology together with the EIS.
EIS Display
Figure 3-1 MFD (DA40)
Green bands on the instruments indicate normal ranges of operation; yellow and red bands indicate caution
and warning, respectively. White or uncolored bands indicate areas outside of normal operation not yet in the
caution or warning ranges. When unsafe operating conditions occur, the corresponding readouts flash to indicate
cautions and warnings. If sensory data to an instrument becomes invalid or unavailable, a red “X” is displayed
across the instrument.
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ENGINE INDICATION SYSTEM
3.1 EIS DISPLAY
1
Engine Manifold Pressure
Gauge (MAN IN HG)
Displays manifold pressure in inches of Mercury (in Hg) to indicate
engine power (DA40 only)
2
Tachometer (RPM)
3
8
Fuel Flow Indicator
(FUEL FLOW GPH)
Fuel Pressure Indicator
(FUEL PRESS PSI)
Cylinder Head Temperature
Indicator (CHT)
Oil Temperature Indicator
(OIL TEMP)
Oil Pressure Indicator
(OIL PRES)
Ammeter (AMPS)
Displays propeller speed in revolutions per minute (rpm); the red band
indicates propeller overspeed
Displays current fuel flow in gallons per hour (gph)
9
Voltmeter (VOLTS)
Displays the primary bus voltage
10
Fuel Quantity Indicator
(FUEL QTY GAL)
Displays the quantity, in gallons (gal), of fuel in the tanks; pointers labeled
L and R indicate the fuel quantity in each tank
4
5
6
7
Displays the fuel pressure in pounds per square inch (psi) (DA40 only
option)
Displays the head temperature of the hottest cylinder (number is shown
in pointer)
Displays engine oil temperature
Displays pressure of oil supplied to the engine
Displays the alternator load in amperes
Standard Tanks: Indicator ranges from 0 to 20 gal with tick marks every 5
gal; only displays to 17 gal per side when full
Long Range Tanks (optional): Indicator ranges from 0 to 25 gal with tick
marks every 5 gal; only displays to 24 gal per side when full
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Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
190-00592-03 Rev. A
ENGINE INDICATION SYSTEM
1
2
3
2
5
3
6
4
7
5
6
8
7
9
8
9
10
10
DA40F
DA40
Figure 3-2 EIS Display
190-00592-03 Rev. A
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
3-3
ENGINE INDICATION SYSTEM
3.2 ENGINE PAGE
Pressing the ENGINE Softkey accesses the Engine Page, which displays all engine, fuel, fuel calculation, and
electrical information.
ENGINE
LEAN
ENGINE
Press the ENGINE Softkey to
return to the top-level softkeys.
DEC FUEL INC FUEL RST FUEL
Figure 3-3 Engine Page Softkeys
ENGINE
Displays EIS - Engine Page and second-level engine softkeys; press again to exit page
ENGINE
Accesses Leaning Assist Mode
LEAN
Decreases
displayed
fuel CYL
remaining
in 1-gal increments
DEC FUELENGINE
SYSTEM
LEAN
BACK
SLCT ASSIST
INC FUEL Increases displayed fuel remaining in 1-gal increments
RST FUEL Resets displayed fuel remaining to maximum fuel capacity for aircraft and fuel used to zero
ENGINE
LEAN
SYSTEM
1
Engine Manifold Pressure
Gauge (MAN IN HG)
2 Oil Temperature and
Pressure Gauges
(OIL °F PSI)
3 Fuel Quantity Gauges
(L/R FUEL QTY GAL)
4
Total Time in Service
(TTL TIME IN SVC)
5
Fuel Calculations Group
(FUEL CALCULATOR)
6
DEC FUEL INC FUEL RST FUEL
BACK
Displays manifold pressure in inches
(in toHg) to indicate engine
Pressof
theMercury
BACK Softkey
return to the top-level softkeys.
power (DA40 only)
Displays oil temperature in degrees Fahrenheit (°F) and pressure in pounds
per square inch (psi)
Display the amount of fuel in gallons (gal) of fuel in the tanks.
Standard Tanks: Indicator ranges from 0 to 20 gal with tick marks every 5 gal;
only displays to 17 gal per side when full
Long Range Tanks (optional): Indicator ranges from 0 to 25 gal with tick marks
every 5 gal; only displays to 24 gal per side when full
Displays the total flight hours and is activated when the aircraft becomes
airborne (note that time airborne does not necessarily correspond to
tachometer time)
Displays calculated fuel used, endurance, and range (in nautical miles,
RANGE NM) based on the displayed fuel remaining and the fuel flow
totalizer
Displays the alternator load in amperes and the primary bus voltage
Electrical Group
(ELECTRICAL)
7 Engine Temperature Group Displays exhaust gas (EGT) and head (CHT) temperatures of all cylinders in
°F
(TEMPERATURE)
8 Fuel Flow and Pressure
Displays fuel flow in gallons per hour (gph) and fuel pressure in pounds per
square inch (psi); fuel pressure gauge is a DA40-only option
Gauge (FUEL GPH PSI)
9 Tachometer (RPM)
Displays propeller speed in revolutions per minute (rpm); the red band
indicates propeller overspeed
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Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
190-00592-03 Rev. A
ENGINE INDICATION SYSTEM
9
8
7
6
1
2
5
3
4
Figure 3-4 Engine Page (DA40)
9
8
7
6
2
5
3
4
Figure 3-5 Engine Page (DA40F)
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Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
3-5
ENGINE INDICATION SYSTEM
FUEL CALCULATIONS
NOTE: Fuel calculations do not use the aircraft fuel quantity indicators and are calculated from the last time
the fuel was reset.
Fuel used (GAL USED), endurance (ENDUR), and range (in nautical miles, RANGE NM) are calculated based
on the displayed fuel remaining (GAL REM) and the fuel flow totalizer. The calculated range also takes into
account the aircraft’s heading and the wind direction and speed.
Adjusting the fuel totalizer quantity:
On the Engine Page, use the DEC FUEL and INC FUEL softkeys to obtain the desired fuel remaining (GAL REM).
Resetting the fuel totalizer:
On the Engine Page, press the RST FUEL Softkey; this also resets the fuel remaining (GAL REM) to zero.
Set Fuel Remaining
Calculated Fuel Used
Calculated Endurance
Calculated Range
Figure 3-6 Fuel Calculations Group
A map feature related to the EIS Fuel Calculations is the Fuel Range Ring, which graphically illustrates the
aircraft’s remaining range based on the endurance (ENDUR), heading, groundspeed, and wind direction and
speed. The solid green circle represents the range until all the remaining fuel is depleted. The dashed green
circle indicates the aircraft range until only reserve fuel remains. Once on reserve fuel, the range is indicated
by a solid yellow circle.
The Fuel Range Ring shifts position in relation to the aircraft according to wind effects. For example, more
fuel is required for flying into a headwind, and the aircraft’s decreased range in that direction is indicated by the
Fuel Range Ring shifting toward the tail of the Aircraft Symbol.
The amount of reserve fuel (only for purposes of the Fuel Range Ring) is set on the Navigation Map Page
Setup Menu in terms of remaining flight time. When enabled the Fuel Range Ring appears on the Navigation
Map Page, the Weather Data Link Page, and PFD Inset Map.
3-6
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
190-00592-03 Rev. A
ENGINE INDICATION SYSTEM
Press the MENU Key to
Display Navigation Map
Page Setup Menu
Total Range
(Based on Endurance)
Time to Reserve Fuel
Range to Reserve Fuel
(Based on Endurance
Minus Reserve Fuel Time)
Difference of Ranges Based
on Reserve Fuel Time
Set Flight Time Remaining
on Reserve Fuel
(Reserve Fuel Time)
Figure 3-7 Fuel Range Ring and Setup
Enabling/disabling the Fuel Range Ring and selecting a reserve fuel time:
1) Display the Navigation Map Page (press and hold the CLR Key for 2 seconds to quickly select this map).
2) Press the MENU Key.
3) Highlight ‘Map Setup’ and press the ENT Key. The Map Setup Menu is displayed.
4) Use the small FMS Knob to select the ‘Map’ group and press the ENT Key.
5) Highlight the ‘FUEL RNG (RSV)’ field.
6) Turn the small FMS Knob to select ‘On’ or ‘Off’.
7) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the reserve fuel time, how long the aircraft can fly after reaching the
reserve fuel.
8) Enter the desired reserve fuel time (00:00 to 23:59; hours:minutes) and press the ENT Key.
9) Press the FMS Knob to return to the Navigation Map Page.
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Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
3-7
ENGINE INDICATION SYSTEM
3.3 LEANING ASSIST MODE
NOTE: The pilot should follow the engine manufacturer’s recommended leaning procedures in the Aircraft
Flight Manual Supplement (AFMS).
A leaning assist function is available on the Engine Page to assist in the leaning process.
Accessing Leaning Assist Mode:
1) Press the ENGINE Softkey to open the Engine Page.
2) Press the LEAN Softkey to identify peaks.
3) Press the LEAN Softkey again to exit Leaning Assist Mode.
When the LEAN Softkey is pressed, the system initially highlights the number and EGT readout of the cylinder
with the hottest EGT. The ∆ Peak temperature is the difference between the peak temperature and the present
temperature for the peaked cylinder. When the first peak is detected, “1st” is annunciated below that cylinder’s
EGT bar and the temperature is marked in light blue on the graph.
The system continues to detect peak EGTs for each cylinder lean of peak as the fuel flow is decreased, and the
peak of each cylinder’s EGT is indicated by a light blue marker on the graph. Once all cylinders are lean of peak,
the last cylinder to peak is denoted by the “Last” annunciation below its bar on the graph.
Light Blue Bars
Represent Peaks
Light Blue Bar
Represents Peak
Indicates First
Cylinder to Peak
Current Difference
from Peak Temperature
(Selected Cylinder)
Indicates Last
Cylinder to Peak
Figure 3-8 Leaning Assist Mode
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Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
190-00592-03 Rev. A
ENGINE INDICATION SYSTEM
3.4 EIS IN REVERSIONARY MODE
In reversionary display mode, the remaining display is re-configured to present PFD symbology together with
the EIS Display (refer to the System Overview for information about display Reversionary Mode).
EIS Display
Figure 3-9 Reversionary Mode (DA40)
When the G1000 displays enter Reversionary Mode, the EIS is separated into three displays: Engine (identical
to the normal EIS Display on the MFD), Lean, and System. For a description of the Engine Display, refer to
Section 3.1. The Lean Display presents temperature information and assistance for engine leaning. The System
Display shows various system parameters and fuel calculations. To return to the Engine Display from the Lean or
System Display, press the ENGINE or BACK Softkey.
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Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
3-9
ENGINE
LEAN
DEC FUEL INC FUEL RST FUEL
ENGINE INDICATION
SYSTEM
Press the ENGINE
Softkey to
return to the top-level softkeys.
ENGINE
ENGINE
LEAN
SYSTEM
CYL SLCT
ASSIST
BACK
ENGINE
LEAN
SYSTEM
DEC FUEL INC FUEL RST FUEL
BACK
Press the BACK Softkey to
return to the top-level softkeys.
Figure 3-10 EIS Softkeys (Reversionary Mode)
• ENGINE
• LEAN
CYL SLCT
ASSIST
• SYSTEM
DEC FUEL
INC FUEL
RST FUEL
Displays second-level engine softkeys
Displays the EIS Lean Display
Cycles through the cylinders to obtain information about a particular cylinder, shown in
light blue on the bar graphs
Accesses Leaning Assist Mode
Displays the EIS System Display
Decreases displayed fuel remaining in 1-gal increments
Increases displayed fuel remaining in 1-gal increments
Resets displayed fuel remaining to maximum fuel capacity for aircraft and fuel used to zero
LEAN DISPLAY
NOTE: The pilot should follow the engine manufacturer’s recommended leaning procedures in the Aircraft
Flight Manual Supplement (AFMS).
The EIS Lean Display provides information and a user interface to perform engine leaning while in Reversionary
Mode. Exhaust gas (EGT) and head (CHT) temperatures for each cylinder are displayed in bar graph form with
a readout for the temperature of the selected cylinder shown below each graph.
Accessing the EIS Lean Display:
1) Press the ENGINE Softkey.
2) Press the LEAN Softkey.
3) To return to the default Engine Display, press the ENGINE or BACK Softkey.
3-10
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
190-00592-03 Rev. A
ENGINE INDICATION SYSTEM
1
Engine Manifold Pressure
Gauge (MAN IN HG)
Displays manifold pressure in inches of Mercury (in Hg) to indicate engine
power (DA40 only)
2
Tachometer (RPM)
3
Fuel Flow (FFLOW GPH)
Displays propeller speed in revolutions per minute (rpm); the red band
indicates propeller overspeed
Displays current fuel flow in gallons per hour (gph)
4
Exhaust Gas Temperature
Bar Graph (EGT °F)
5
Cylinder Head Temperature
Bar Graph (CHT °F)
Exhaust Gas Temperature (EGT) for each cylinder is represented as a bar;
below the graph, the EGT readout is given for the selected cylinder
(number highlighted in light blue)
Head temperature for each cylinder is represented as a bar; below the
graph, the CHT readout is given for the selected cylinder (shown in
light blue)
2
1
2
3
3
4
4
5
5
DA40
DA40F
Figure 3-11 Lean Display
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Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
3-11
ENGINE INDICATION SYSTEM
By default, the cylinder with the hottest temperature is selected (number highlighted in light blue) when the
LEAN Softkey is pressed. Bars for cylinders with temperatures in the normal range are shown in white. On the
CHT Bar Graph, caution and warning conditions are indicated in yellow and red, respectively.
Since only one cylinder’s EGT and CHT are displayed at a time, this information can be cycled through for
each cylinder using the CYL SLCT Softkey; the selected cylinder’s number is highlighted in light blue on the
bar graphs. This softkey is disabled when Leaning Assist Mode is selected.
Monitoring the desired cylinder’s temperatures:
From the Lean Display, press the CYL SLCT Softkey to cycle through each cylinder and view its temperature
information. The selected cylinder number is highlighted in light blue.
While in Reversionary Mode, the leaning assist function is available when the ASSIST Softkey is pressed
from the Lean Display to assist in the leaning process (refer to the section on Leaning Assist Mode for more
information).
SYSTEM DISPLAY
NOTE: Refer to the Aircraft Flight Manual Supplement (AFMS) for limitations.
The EIS System Display shows the dial gauges, various system parameters, and fuel calculations while in
Reversionary Mode.
Accessing the EIS System Display:
1) Press the ENGINE Softkey.
2) Press the SYSTEM Softkey.
3) To return to the default Engine Display, press the ENGINE or BACK Softkey.
Fuel calculations are based on the displayed fuel remaining (GAL REM) and the fuel flow totalizer.
Adjusting the fuel totalizer quantity:
From the System Display, press the DEC FUEL or INC FUEL Softkey to adjust the fuel remaining (GAL REM).
Resetting the fuel totalizer:
From the System Display, press the RST FUEL Softkey. This also resets the fuel remaining (GAL REM) to zero.
1
Engine Manifold Pressure Gauge Displays manifold pressure in inches of Mercury (in Hg) to indicate
engine power (DA40 only)
(MAN IN HG)
2 Tachometer (RPM)
Displays propeller speed in revolutions per minute (rpm); the red band
indicates propeller overspeed
3 Oil Temperature (OIL °F) and
Display engine oil temperature (in degrees Fahrenheit, °F) and pressure
(in pounds per square inch, psi)
Oil Pressure (OIL PSI)
4 Voltmeter (VOLTS) and
Display the primary bus voltage and the alternator load in amperes
Ammeter (AMPS)
5 Fuel Flow (FFLOW GPH)
Displays current fuel flow in gallons per hour (gph)
3-12
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
190-00592-03 Rev. A
ENGINE INDICATION SYSTEM
6
Fuel Pressure (FPRESS PSI)
7
Displays the fuel pressure in pounds per square inch (psi) (DA40 only
option)
Displays current fuel remaining in gallons as set by the pilot and
adjusted for fuel burn since last set
Displays calculated quantity of fuel used in gallons
Set Fuel Remaining
(GAL REM)
8 Calculated Fuel Used
(GAL USED)
9 Calculated Endurance (ENDUR) Displays calculated flight time remaining with fuel onboard (HH:MM
when more than an hour remains)
10 Calculated Range
Displays calculated aircraft range in nautical miles
(RANGE NM)
11 Total Time in Service (TTL
Displays the total flight hours and is activated when the aircraft becomes
airborne (note that time airborne does not necessarily correspond to
TIME IN SVC)
tachometer time)
2
1
2
3
3
4
4
5
5
6
7
7
8
8
9
9
10
10
11
11
DA40
DA40F
Figure 3-12 System Display
190-00592-03 Rev. A
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
3-13
ENGINE INDICATION SYSTEM
BLANK PAGE
3-14
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
190-00592-03 Rev. A
AUDIO PANEL AND CNS
SECTION 4 AUDIO PANEL AND CNS
4.1 OVERVIEW
The Communication/Navigation/Surveillance (CNS) system includes the Audio Panel, communication radios,
navigation radios, and Mode S transponder. The System Overview Section provides a block diagram description
of the Audio Panel and CNS system interconnection.
CNS operation in Diamond DA40/40F aircraft is performed by the following Line Replaceable Units (LRUs):
• GDU 1040 Primary Flight Display (PFD)
• GMA 1347 Audio Panel
• GDU 1040/1042 Multi Function Display (MFD)
• GTX 33 Mode S Transponder
• GIA 63W Integrated Avionics Units (2)
The PFD/MFD controls are used to tune the communication transceivers and navigation radios.
The Audio Panel provides the traditional audio selector functions of microphone and receiver audio selection.
The Audio Panel includes an intercom system (ICS) between the pilot, copilot, and passengers, a marker beacon
receiver, and a COM clearance recorder. Ambient noise from the aircraft radios is reduced by a feature called
Master Avionics Squelch (MASQ). When no audio is detected, MASQ processing further reduces the amount of
background noise from the radios.
The Mode S transponder is controlled with softkeys and the FMS Knob located on the Primary Flight Display
(PFD). The Transponder Data Box is located to the left of the System Time Box. The data box displays the active
four-digit code, mode, and reply status (Figure 4-1).
190-00592-03 Rev. A
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
4-1
AUDIO PANEL AND CNS
PFD/MFD CONTROLS AND FREQUENCY DISPLAY
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
Figure 4-1 PFD/MFD Controls, COM/NAV Frequency Tuning Boxes, and ADF/DME Tuning Window (PFD Shown)
4-2
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
190-00592-03 Rev. A
AUDIO PANEL AND CNS
1
NAV VOL/ID Knob – Controls NAV audio volume level. Press to turn the Morse code identifier audio on
and off. Volume level is shown in the NAV frequency field as a percentage.
2
NAV Frequency Transfer Key – Transfers the standby and active NAV frequencies.
3
NAV Knob – Tunes the standby frequencies for the NAV receiver (large knob for MHz; small knob for kHz).
Press to move the tuning box (light blue box) and Frequency Transfer Arrow between NAV1 and NAV2.
4
NAV Frequency Box – Displays NAV standby and active frequency fields, volume, and station ID. The
frequency of the NAV radio selected for navigation is displayed in green.
5
COM Frequency Box – Displays COM standby and active frequency fields and volume. The selected COM
transceiver frequency is displayed in green.
6
COM Knob – Tunes the standby frequencies for the COM transceiver (large knob for MHz; small knob for
kHz). Press to move the tuning box (light blue box) and Frequency Transfer Arrow between COM1 and
COM2.
7
COM Frequency Transfer Key – Transfers the standby and active COM frequencies. Press and hold this key
for two seconds to tune the emergency frequency (121.500 MHz) automatically into the active frequency
field.
8
COM VOL/SQ Knob – Controls COM audio volume level. Press to turn the COM automatic squelch on
and off. Volume level is shown in the COM frequency field as a percentage.
9
ADF/DME Tuning Window – Displays ADF frequencies, volume setting, and modes, and DME tuning
selection. Display by pressing ADF/DME Softkey.
10
ENT Key – Validates or confirms an ADF frequency or ADF/DME mode and Auto-tune selection.
11
FMS Knob – Flight Management System Knob, used to enter transponder codes, enter ADF frequencies
select ADF/DME modes and Auto-tune entries when ADF/DME Tuning Window or NRST Window is
present. Press the FMS Knob to turn the selection cursor on and off. The large knob moves the cursor in
the window. The small knob selects individual characters for the highlighted cursor location.
12
Transponder Data Box – Indicates the selected transponder code, operating mode, reply, and ident status
for the transponder.
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Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
4-3
AUDIO PANEL AND CNS
AUDIO PANEL CONTROLS
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
Figure 4-2 Audio Panel Controls (GMA 1347)
NOTE: When a key is selected, a triangular annunciator above the key is illuminated.
4-4
1
COM1 MIC – Selects the #1 transmitter for transmitting. COM1 receive is simultaneously selected when
this key is pressed allowing received audio from the #1 COM receiver to be heard. COM2 receive can be
added by pressing the COM2 Key.
2
COM1 – When selected, audio from the #1 COM receiver can be heard.
3
COM2 MIC – Selects the #2 transmitter for transmitting. COM2 receive is simultaneously selected when
this key is pressed allowing received audio from the #2 COM receiver to be heard. COM1 receive can be
added by pressing the COM1 Key.
4
COM2 – When selected, audio from the #2 COM receiver can be heard.
5
COM3 MIC – Not used in DA40/40F aircraft.
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
190-00592-03 Rev. A
AUDIO PANEL AND CNS
6
COM3 – Not used in DA40/40F aircraft.
7
COM 1/2 – Not used in DA40/40F aircraft.
8
TEL – Not used in DA40/40F aircraft.
9
PA – Selects the passenger address system. The selected COM transmitter is deselected when the PA Key
is pressed.
10
SPKR – Selects and deselects the cabin speaker. COM and NAV receiver audio can be heard on the
speaker.
11
MKR/MUTE – Selects marker beacon receiver audio. Mutes the currently received marker beacon receiver
audio. Unmutes automatically when new marker beacon audio is received. Also, stops play of recorded
COM audio.
12
HI SENS – Press to increase marker beacon receiver sensitivity. Press again to return to low sensitivity.
13
DME – Turns optional DME audio on or off.
14
NAV1 – When selected, audio from the #1 NAV receiver can be heard.
15
ADF – Turns optional ADF receiver audio on or off.
16
NAV2 – When selected, audio from the #2 NAV receiver can be heard.
17
AUX – Not used in DA40/40F aircraft.
18
MAN SQ – Enables manual squelch for the intercom. When the intercom is active, press the PILOT Knob
to illuminate SQ. Turn the PILOT/PASS Knobs to adjust squelch.
19
PLAY – Press once to play the last recorded COM audio. Press again while audio is playing and the
previous block of recorded audio will be played. Each subsequent press plays each previously recorded
block. Pressing the MKR/MUTE Key during play of a memory block stops play.
20
PILOT – Selects and deselects the pilot intercom isolation.
21
COPLT – Selects and deselects the copilot intercom isolation.
22
PILOT Knob – Press to switch between volume and squelch control as indicated by illumination of VOL
or SQ. Turn to adjust intercom volume or squelch. The MAN SQ Key must be selected to allow squelch
adjustment.
23
PASS Knob – Turn to adjust Copilot/Passenger intercom volume or squelch. The MAN SQ Key must be
selected to allow squelch adjustment.
24
DISPLAY BACKUP Button – Manually selects Reversionary Mode.
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Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
4-5
AUDIO PANEL AND CNS
4.2 COM OPERATION
COM TRANSCEIVER SELECTION AND ACTIVATION
NOTE: During PA Mode, the COM MIC Annunciator is extinguished and the COM active frequency color
changes to white, indicating that neither COM transmitter is active.
NOTE: When turning on the G1000 for use, the system remembers the last frequencies used and the active
COM transceiver state prior to shutdown.
The COM Frequency Box is composed of four fields; the two active frequencies are on the left side and the
two standby frequencies are on the right. The COM transceiver is selected for transmitting by pressing the
COM MIC Keys on the Audio Panel. During reception of audio from the COM radio selected for transmission,
audio from the other COM radio is muted.
An active COM frequency displayed in green indicates that the COM transceiver is selected on the Audio
Panel (COM1 MIC or COM2 MIC Key). Both active COM frequencies appearing in white indicate that no COM
radio is selected for transmitting (PA Key is selected on the Audio Panel).
Frequencies in the standby field are displayed in either white or gray. The standby frequency in the tuning
box is white. The other standby frequency is gray.
Active
Fields
Standby
Fields
Top Section of
the Audio Panel
Tuning Box
COM2 Radio is Selected
on the Audio Panel
Figure 4-3 Selecting a COM Radio for Transmit
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Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
190-00592-03 Rev. A
AUDIO PANEL AND CNS
TRANSMIT/RECEIVE INDICATIONS
During COM transmission, a white TX appears by the active COM frequency replacing the Frequency
Transfer Arrow. On the Audio Panel, when the active COM is transmitting, the active transceiver COM MIC
Key Annunciator flashes approximately once per second.
During COM signal reception, a white RX appears by the active COM frequency replacing the Frequency
Transfer Arrow.
Transmit and
Receive Indicators
Annunciator
Flashes During
Transmission
Figure 4-4 COM Radio Transmit and Receive Indications
COM TRANSCEIVER MANUAL TUNING
The COM frequency controls and frequency boxes are on the right side of the PFD and MFD.
Manually tuning a COM frequency:
1) Turn the COM Knob to tune the desired frequency in the COM Tuning Box (large knob for MHz; small knob for
kHz).
2) Press the Frequency Transfer Key to transfer the frequency to the active field.
3) Adjust the volume level with the COM VOL/SQ Knob.
4) Press the COM VOL/SQ Knob to turn automatic squelch on and off.
Turn the VOL/SQ Knob to adjust
volume. Press the Knob to Turn
Automatic Squelch On or Off
Press the Frequency Transfer
Key to Transfer COM
Frequencies Between Active
and Standby Frequency Boxes
Turn the COM Knob to
Tune the Frequency in
the Tuning Box
Figure 4-5 COM Frequency Tuning
190-00592-03 Rev. A
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
4-7
AUDIO PANEL AND CNS
SELECTING THE RADIO TO BE TUNED
Press the small COM Knob to transfer the frequency tuning box and Frequency Transfer Arrow between the
upper and lower radio frequency fields.
Press the COM Knob to
Switch the Tuning Box From
One COM Radio to the Other
Figure 4-6 Switching COM Tuning Boxes
QUICK-TUNING AND ACTIVATING 121.500 MHZ
Pressing and holding the COM Frequency Transfer Key for two seconds automatically loads the emergency
COM frequency (121.500 MHz) in the active field of the COM radio selected for tuning (the one with the
transfer arrow). In the example shown, pressing the Audio Panel COM2 MIC Key activates the transceiver.
Press for Two Seconds to
Load 121.500 MHz
Figure 4-7 Quickly Tuning 121.500 MHz
4-8
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
190-00592-03 Rev. A
AUDIO PANEL AND CNS
AUTO-TUNING THE COM FREQUENCY
COM frequencies can be automatically tuned from the following:
• Nearest Airports Window (PFD)
• NRST – Nearest (ARTCC, FSS, WX) Frequencies Page
• WPT – Airport Information Page
• NRST – Nearest Airspaces Page
• NRST – Nearest Airports Page
AUTO-TUNING FROM THE PFD
COM frequencies for the nearest airports can be automatically tuned from the Nearest Airports Window on
the PFD. When the desired frequency is entered, it becomes a standby frequency. Pressing the Frequency
Transfer Key places this frequency into the COM Active Frequency Field.
Auto-tuning a COM frequency for a nearby airport from the PFD:
1) Press the NRST Softkey on the PFD to open the Nearest Airports Window. A list of 25 nearest airport identifiers
and COM frequencies is displayed.
2) Turn the FMS Knob to scroll through the list and highlight the desired COM frequency.
3) Press the ENT Key to load the COM frequency into the COM Standby Tuning Box.
4) Press the Frequency Transfer Key to transfer the frequency to the COM Active Frequency Field.
Figure 4-8 Nearest Airports Window (PFD)
190-00592-03 Rev. A
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
Press the
NRST Softkey
to Open
the Nearest
Airports
Window
4-9
AUDIO PANEL AND CNS
AUTO-TUNING FROM THE MFD
Frequencies can be automatically loaded into the COM Frequency Box from pages in the NRST or WPT
page group by highlighting the frequency and pressing the ENT Key (Figures 4-9, 4-10, and 4-11).
Auto-tuning a COM frequency from the WPT and NRST Pages:
1) From any page that the COM frequency can be auto-tuned, activate the cursor by pressing the FMS Knob or the
appropriate softkey.
2) Turn the FMS Knob to place the cursor on the desired COM frequency (Figure 4-11).
3) Press the ENT Key to load the COM frequency into the standby field of the selected COM radio.
4) Press the Frequency Transfer Key to transfer the frequency to the COM Active Frequency Field.
Press the ENT Key to
Load a Highlighted
Frequency into
the COM Standby
Frequency Box
Turn the FMS
Knob to Scroll
Through a List
of Frequencies
Figure 4-9 Frequency Auto-Tuning from the MFD
OR:
5) Press the MENU Key to display the page menu (Figure 4-10).
6) Turn the large FMS Knob to scroll through the menu options.
7) Press the ENT Key to place the cursor on the desired selection.
8) Scroll through the frequency selections with the FMS Knob or the ENT Key.
9) Press the ENT Key to load the COM frequency into the standby field of the selected COM radio.
10) Press the Frequency Transfer Key to transfer the frequency to the COM Active Frequency Field.
Nearest Airports Menu
Nearest Frequencies Menu
Nearest Airspaces Menu
Figure 4-10 Nearest Pages Menus
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On the WPT - Airport Information Page, the cursor can be placed on the frequency field by pressing the
FMS Knob and scrolling through the list. The frequency is transferred to the COM Standby Field with the
ENT Key.
Press Frequency
Transfer Key to Load
Frequency into COM
Active Frequency Field
Selected Airport
Identifier and
Information
Runway
Information
Press ENT Key to Load
Frequency into COM
Standby Field. Cursor
then Advances to
Next Frequency.
Figure 4-11 WPT – Airport Information Page
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Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
Press INFO Softkey for
AIRPORT, RUNWAYS,
and FREQUENCIES
Windows
4-11
AUDIO PANEL AND CNS
COM frequencies can also be auto-tuned from the NRST – Nearest Airspaces, NRST – Nearest Frequencies,
and NRST – Nearest Airports Pages on the MFD in a similar manner using the appropriate softkeys or MENU
Key, the FMS Knob, and the ENT Key.
Figure 4-12 NRST – Nearest Airspaces, NRST – Nearest Airports, and NRST – Nearest Frequencies Pages
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FREQUENCY SPACING
The G1000 COM radios can tune either 25-kHz spacing (118.000 to 136.975 MHz) or 8.33-kHz spacing
(118.000 to 136.990 MHz) for 760-channel or 3040-channel configuration. When 8.33-kHz channel spacing
is selected, all of the 25-kHz channel spacing frequencies are also available in the complete 3040-channel list.
COM channel spacing is set on the System Setup Page of the AUX Page Group.
8.33-kHz Channel
Spacing
25-kHz Channel
Spacing
Figure 4-13 COM Channel Spacing
Changing COM frequency channel spacing:
1) Select the AUX – System Setup Page.
2) Press the FMS Knob to activate the flashing cursor.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the Channel Spacing Field in the COM Configuration Box.
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the desired channel spacing.
5) Press the ENT Key to complete the channel spacing selection.
While the COM CONFIG Window is selected, the G1000 softkeys are blank.
Select 8.33-kHz
or 25.0-kHz
COM Frequency
Channel Spacing
AUX - SYSTEM
SETUP PAGE
Figure 4-14 AUX – System Setup Page
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AUDIO PANEL AND CNS
AUTOMATIC SQUELCH
Automatic Squelch quiets unwanted static noise when no audio signal is received, while still providing good
sensitivity to weak COM signals. To disable Automatic Squelch, press the VOL/SQ Knob. When Automatic
Squelch is disabled, COM audio reception is always on. Continuous static noise is heard over the headsets and
speaker, if selected. Pressing the VOL/SQ Knob again enables Automatic Squelch.
When Automatic Squelch is disabled, a white SQ appears next to the COM frequency.
Squelch
Indication
Press the COM VOL/
SQ Knob to turn off
Automatic Squelch.
Press again to restore
Automatic Squelch.
Figure 4-15 Overriding Automatic Squelch
VOLUME
COM radio volume level can be adjusted from 0 to 100% using the VOL/SQ Knob. Turning the knob
clockwise increases volume, turning the knob counterclockwise decreases volume. When adjusting volume,
the level is displayed in place of the standby frequencies. Volume level indication remains for two seconds after
the change.
COM Volume
Level Remains for
Two Seconds
Figure 4-16 COM Volume Level
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4.3 NAV OPERATION
NAV RADIO SELECTION AND ACTIVATION
The NAV Frequency Box is composed of four fields; two standby fields and two active fields. The active
frequencies are on the right side and the standby frequencies are on the left.
A NAV radio is selected for navigation by pressing the CDI Softkey located on the PFD. The active NAV
frequency selected for navigation is displayed in green. Pressing the CDI Softkey once selects NAV1 as the
navigation radio. Pressing the CDI Softkey twice selects NAV2 as the navigation radio. Pressing the CDI
Softkey a third time activates GPS mode. Pressing the CDI Softkey again cycles back to NAV1.
While cycling through the CDI Softkey selections, the NAV Tuning Box and the Frequency Transfer Arrow are
placed in the active NAV Frequency Field and the active NAV frequency color changes to green.
The three navigation modes that can be cycled through are:
• VOR1 (or LOC1) – If NAV1 is selected, a green single line arrow (not shown) labeled either VOR1 or LOC1
is displayed on the HSI and the active NAV1 frequency is displayed in green.
• VOR2 (or LOC2) – If NAV2 is selected, a green double line arrow (shown) labeled either VOR2 or LOC2 is
displayed on the HSI and the active NAV2 frequency is displayed in green.
• GPS – If GPS Mode is selected, a magenta single line arrow (not shown) appears on the HSI and neither NAV
radio is selected. Both active NAV frequencies are then displayed in white.
Standby
Fields
Active
Fields
Tuning Box
The NAV Radio is
Selected by Pressing
the CDI Softkey
Figure 4-17 Selecting a NAV Radio for Navigation
See the Flight Instruments Section for selecting the DME and Bearing Information windows and using VOR
or ADF as the source for the bearing pointer.
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AUDIO PANEL AND CNS
NAV radios are selected for listening by pressing the corresponding keys on the Audio Panel. Pressing the
NAV1, NAV2, ADF, or DME Key selects and deselects the navigation radio source. Selected audio can be heard over
the headset and the speaker (if selected). All radios can be selected individually or simultaneously.
Figure 4-18 Selecting a NAV Radio Receiver
NAV RECEIVER MANUAL TUNING
The NAV frequency controls and frequency boxes are on the left side of the PFD and MFD.
Manually tuning a NAV frequency:
1) Turn the NAV Knob to tune the desired frequency in the NAV Tuning Box.
2) Press the Frequency Transfer Key to transfer the frequency to the NAV Active Frequency Field.
3) Adjust the volume level with the NAV VOL/ID Knob.
4) Press the NAV VOL/ID Knob to turn the Morse code identifier audio on and off.
Turn VOL/ID Knob to adjust
volume. Press Knob to Turn
Morse Code On or Off.
Press the Frequency Transfer Key to
Transfer NAV Frequencies Between
Active and Standby Frequency Fields
Turn the NAV Knob to
Tune the Frequency in
the Tuning Box
Figure 4-19 NAV Frequency Tuning
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SELECTING THE RADIO TO BE TUNED
Press the small NAV Knob to transfer the frequency tuning box and Frequency Transfer Arrow between the
upper and lower radio frequency fields.
Press the NAV Knob to
Switch the Tuning Box From
One NAV Radio to the Other
Figure 4-20 Switching NAV Tuning Boxes
VOR/LOC ID
When the Morse code Identifier audio is on for a NAV radio, a white ID appears to the left of the active
NAV frequency.
In the example shown, in order to listen to either station identifier, press the NAV1 or NAV2 Key on the
Audio Panel. Pressing the VOL/ID Knob turns off the Morse code audio only in the radio with the NAV
Tuning Box. To turn off both NAV IDs, transfer the NAV Tuning Box between NAV1 and NAV2 with the small
NAV Knob and press the VOL/ID Knob again to turn the Morse code off in the other radio.
The Morse Code Identifier
for the GHM VOR is On
Station
Identifier
Figure 4-21 NAV Radio ID Indication
VOLUME
NAV Radio volume level can be adjusted from 0 to 100% using the VOL/ID Knob. Turning the knob
clockwise increases volume, counterclockwise decreases volume.
When adjusting, the level is displayed in place of the standby frequencies. Volume level indication remains
for two seconds after the change.
NAV Volume
Level Remains
for Two Seconds
190-00592-03 Rev. A
Figure 4-22 NAV Volume Levels
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
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AUDIO PANEL AND CNS
AUTO-TUNING THE NAV FREQUENCY
NAV frequencies can be selected and loaded from the following MFD pages:
• NRST – Nearest VOR
• WPT – Airport Information
• WPT – VOR Information
• NRST – Nearest (WX, VOR) Frequencies
• NRST – Nearest Airports
• NRST – Nearest Airspaces
The MFD provides auto-tuning of NAV frequencies from waypoint and nearest pages. During enroute
navigation, the NAV frequency is entered automatically into the NAV standby frequency field. During approach
activation the NAV frequency is entered automatically into the NAV active frequency field.
Frequencies can be automatically loaded into the NAV Frequency Boxes by highlighting the frequency and
pressing the ENT Key (Figures 4-23, 4-24, and 4-25).
Auto-tuning a NAV frequency:
1) From any page that the NAV frequency can be auto-tuned, activate the cursor by pressing the FMS Knob or the
appropriate softkey.
2) Turn the FMS Knob to place the cursor on the desired NAV identifier.
3) Press the FREQ Softkey to place the cursor on the NAV frequency (Figure 4-25).
4) Press the ENT Key to load the NAV frequency into the standby field of the selected NAV radio.
5) Press the Frequency Transfer Key to transfer the frequency to the NAV Active Frequency Field.
Turn the FMS
Knob to Scroll
Through a List
of Frequencies
Press the ENT
Key to Load
a Highlighted
Frequency into
the NAV Standby
Frequency Box
Figure 4-23 NAV Frequency Auto-Tuning from the MFD
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AUDIO PANEL AND CNS
OR:
6) Press the MENU Key to display the page menu (Figure 4-24).
7) Turn the large FMS Knob to scroll through the menu options.
8) Press the ENT Key to place the cursor in the desired window.
9) Scroll through the frequency selections with the FMS Knob or the ENT Key.
10) Press the ENT Key to load the NAV frequency into the standby field of the selected NAV radio.
11) Press the Frequency Transfer Key to transfer the frequency to the NAV Active Frequency Field.
Nearest Airports Menu
Nearest VOR Menu
Figure 4-24 Nearest Pages Menus
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AUDIO PANEL AND CNS
In the example shown, the VOR list is selected with the VOR Softkey or from the page menu. The FMS Knob
or ENT Key is used to scroll through the list. The cursor is placed on the frequency with the FREQ Softkey and
loaded into the NAV Tuning Box with the ENT Key.
Press the ENT
Key to Load
the Frequency
into the NAV
Standby Field.
Press the VOR
Softkey to Place
the Cursor on the
VOR Identifier
Press the FREQ
Softkey to Place
the Cursor on the
VOR Frequency
Figure 4-25 Loading the NAV Frequency from the NRST – Nearest VOR Page
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While enroute, NAV frequencies can also be auto-tuned from the NRST – Nearest Airports,
WPT – Airport Information, WPT – VOR Information, and NRST – Nearest Frequencies Pages on the MFD in
a similar manner using the appropriate softkeys or MENU Key, the FMS Knob, and the ENT Key.
Figure 4-26 NRST – Nearest Frequencies, WPT – VOR Information, WPT – Airport Information, and
NRST – Nearest Airports Pages
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AUDIO PANEL AND CNS
AUTO-TUNING NAV FREQUENCIES ON APPROACH ACTIVATION
NOTE: The primary NAV frequency is auto-tuned upon loading a VOR or ILS/Localizer approach.
NOTE: When an ILS/LOC approach has been activated in GPS Mode, the system switches to NAV Mode
as the final approach course is intercepted (within 15 nm of the FAF). See the GPS Navigation Section for
details.
NAV frequencies are automatically loaded into the NAV Frequency Box on approach activation.
When loading or activating a VOR or ILS/LOC approach, the approach frequency is automatically transferred
to a NAV frequency field as follows:
• If the current CDI navigation source is GPS, the approach frequency is transferred to the NAV1 active
frequency field. The frequency that was previously in the NAV1 active frequency field is transferred to
standby.
• If the current CDI navigation source is GPS, and if the approach frequency is already loaded into the NAV1
standby frequency field, the standby frequency is transferred to active.
• If the current CDI navigation source is NAV1 or NAV2, the approach frequency is transferred to the standby
frequency fields of the selected CDI NAV radio.
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MARKER BEACON RECEIVER
NOTE: The marker beacon indicators operate independently of marker beacon audio and cannot be turned
off.
The marker beacon receiver is used as part of the ILS. The marker beacon receiver is always on and detects
any marker beacon signals within the reception range of the aircraft.
The receiver detects the three marker tones – outer, middle, and inner – and provides the marker beacon
annunciations located to the left of the Altimeter on the PFD.
Outer Marker
Indication
Middle Marker
Indication
Inner Marker
Indication
Figure 4-27 Marker Beacon Annunciations on the PFD
Figure 4-28 Marker Beacon Keys
The Audio Panel provides three different states of marker beacon operation; On, Muted, and Deselected.
Pressing the MKR/MUTE Key selects and deselects marker beacon audio. The key annunciator indicates when
marker beacon audio is selected.
During marker beacon audio reception, pressing the MKR/MUTE Key mutes the audio but does not affect the
marker annunciations (Figure 4-27). The marker tone is silenced, then waits for the next marker tone. The
MKR/MUTE Key Annunciator is illuminated, indicating audio muting. The audio returns when the next marker
beacon signal is received. If the MKR/MUTE Key is pressed during signal reception (O, M, I indication) while
marker beacon audio is muted, the audio is deselected and the MKR/MUTE Key Annunciator is extinguished.
Pressing the HI SENS Key switches between high and low marker beacon receiver sensitivity. The HI SENS
function (annunciator illuminated) is used to provide an earlier indication when nearing a marker during an
approach. The LO SENS function (annunciator extinguished) results in a narrower marker dwell while over a
station.
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AUDIO PANEL AND CNS
ADF/DME TUNING
NOTE: When another auxiliary window is turned on, the ADF/DME Tuning Window is replaced on the PFD.
See the Flight Instruments Section for displaying the DME and bearing information windows (ADF) and
using the ADF as the source for the bearing pointer.
The G1000 system tunes the ADF receiver (optional) and DME transceiver (optional). The ADF is tuned by
entering the frequency in the ADF standby frequency field of the ADF/DME Tuning Window. (The softkey may
be labeled ADF/DME, ADF, or DME, depending on installed equipment.)
The UHF DME frequency is tuned by pairing with a VHF NAV frequency. DME frequency pairing is automatic
and only the VHF NAV frequency is shown.
The following ADF/DME information is displayed in the ADF/DME Tuning Window:
• Active and standby ADF frequencies
• ADF receiver mode
• ADF receiver volume
• DME tuning mode (DME transceiver pairing)
When the ADF/DME Tuning Window is displayed, the selection cursor is placed over the standby ADF
frequency field.
Turning the large FMS Knob moves the selection cursor through the various fields (standby ADF frequency,
ADF receiver mode, ADF radio volume, and DME tuning mode). Pressing the FMS Knob activates/deactivates
the selection cursor in the ADF/DME Tuning Window. The ADF frequency is entered using the FMS Knob and
the ENT Key.
Active ADF Frequency
Standby ADF Frequency
ADF
Mode
ADF
Volume
DME
Tuning
Mode
Figure 4-29 ADF/DME Tuning Window
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ADF TUNING
ADF frequencies in the 190.0-kHz to 1799.5-kHz range are entered in the standby ADF frequency field of
the ADF/DME Tuning Window. The G1000 System does not tune the ADF emergency frequency, 2182.0kHz.
Tuning an ADF frequency:
1) Press the ADF/DME Softkey to display the ADF/DME Tuning Window.
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to place the selection cursor over the standby ADF frequency field.
3) Turn the small FMS Knob to begin data entry and change each digit.
4) Turn the large FMS Knob to move the cursor to the next digit position.
5) Press the ENT Key to complete data entry for the standby frequency.
Press the
ENT Key to
Complete ADF
Frequency Entry
Turn the Small
FMS Knob to
Enter Data in
the Standby ADF
Frequency Field
Turn the Large
FMS Knob
to Move the
Cursor to the
Next Character
Figure 4-30 Entering ADF Standby Frequencies
Pressing the CLR Key before completing frequency entry cancels the frequency change and reverts back to
the previously entered frequency.
Pressing the CLR Key when the cursor is flashing, clears the frequency and replaces the standby field with
‘0000.0’.
Transferring the active and standby ADF frequencies:
1) Turn the large FMS Knob to place the selection cursor over the standby ADF frequency field.
2) Press the ENT Key to complete the frequency transfer.
Press the ENT
Key to Transfer
the ADF
Frequencies
Figure 4-31 Transferring ADF Frequencies
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AUDIO PANEL AND CNS
SELECTING ADF RECEIVER MODE
The following modes can be selected: (In all modes NDB audio can be heard by selecting the ADF Key on
the Audio Panel.)
• ANT (Antenna) – The ADF bearing pointer parks on the HSI at 90 degrees. Best mode for listening to NDB
audio.
• ADF (Automatic Direction Finder) – The ADF pointer points to the relative bearing of the NDB station.
• ADF/BFO (ADF/Beat Frequency Oscillator) – The ADF pointer points to the relative bearing of the NDB
station and an audible tone confirms signal reception. This mode allows identification of the interrupted
carrier beacon stations used in various parts of the world.
• ANT/BFO (Antenna/Beat Frequency Oscillator) – The ADF bearing pointer parks on the HSI at 90 degrees
while an audible tone is provided when a signal is received. This mode also allows identification of the
interrupted carrier beacon stations and confirms signal reception.
Selecting an ADF receiver mode:
1) Turn the large FMS Knob to place the selection cursor over the ADF mode field.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the desired ADF receiver mode.
Turn the Small
FMS Knob
to Select the
Mode
Figure 4-32 Selecting ADF Receiver Mode
ADF receiver volume level can be adjusted in the tuning window from 0 to 100%. The default volume level
is set to 50%. The ADF volume level is the same for both Audio Panels.
Adjusting ADF receiver volume:
1) Turn the large FMS Knob to place the selection cursor over the ADF volume field.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to adjust volume as desired.
Turn the Small
FMS Knob
to Select the
Volume
Figure 4-33 Adjusting ADF Receiver Volume
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DME TUNING
NOTE: When turning on the G1000 for use, the system remembers the last frequency used for DME tuning
and the NAV1, NAV2, or HOLD state prior to shutdown.
The DME transceiver is tuned by selecting NAV1, NAV2, or HOLD in the ADF/DME Tuning Window.
DME
Modes
Figure 4-34 ADF/DME Tuning Window, DME Modes
The following DME transceiver pairing can be selected:
• NAV1 – Pairs the DME frequency from the selected NAV1 frequency.
• NAV2 – Pairs the DME frequency from the selected NAV2 frequency.
• HOLD – When in the HOLD position, the DME frequency remains paired with the last selected NAV
frequency.
Selecting DME transceiver pairing:
1) Press the ADF/DME Softkey to display the ADF/DME Tuning Window.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the DME tuning mode.
3) Press the ENT Key to complete the selection.
Pressing the CLR Key or FMS Knob while in the process of DME pairing cancels the data entry and reverts
back to the previously selected DME tuning state. Pressing the FMS Knob activates/deactivates the cursor in
the ADF/DME Tuning Window.
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AUDIO PANEL AND CNS
4.4 GTX 33 MODE S TRANSPONDER
The GTX 33 Mode S Transponder provides Mode A, Mode C, and Mode S interrogation and reply capabilities.
Selective addressing or Mode Select (Mode S) capability includes the following features:
• Level-2 reply data link capability (used to exchange information between aircraft and ATC facilities)
• Surveillance identifier capability
• Flight ID (Flight Identification) reporting – The Mode S Transponder reports aircraft identification as either the
aircraft registration or a unique Flight ID.
• Altitude reporting
• Airborne status determination
• Transponder capability reporting
• Mode S Enhanced Surveillance (EHS) requirements
• Acquisition squitter – Acquisition squitter, or short squitter, is the transponder 24-bit identification address.
The transmission is sent periodically, regardless of the presence of interrogations. The purpose of acquisition
squitter is to enable Mode S ground stations and aircraft equipped with a Traffic Avoidance System (TAS) to
recognize the presence of Mode S-equipped aircraft for selective interrogation.
The Hazard Avoidance Section provides more details on traffic avoidance systems.
TRANSPONDER CONTROLS
Transponder function is displayed on three levels of softkeys on the PFD: Top-level, Mode Selection, and
Code Selection. When the top-level XPDR Softkey is pressed, the Mode Selection softkeys appear: STBY, ON,
ALT, VFR, CODE, IDENT, BACK.
When the CODE Softkey is pressed, the number softkeys appear: 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, IDENT, BKSP,
BACK. The digits 8 and 9 are not used for code entry. Pressing the numbered softkeys in sequence enters
the transponder code. If an error is made, pressing the BKSP Softkey moves the code selection cursor to the
previous digit. Pressing the BKSP Softkey again moves the cursor to the next previous digit.
Pressing the BACK Softkey during code selection reverts to the Mode Selection Softkeys. Pressing the BACK
Softkey during mode selection reverts to the top-level softkeys.
The code can also be entered with the FMS Knob. Code entry must be completed with either the softkeys or
the FMS Knob, but not a combination of both.
Pressing the IDENT Softkey while in Mode or Code Selection initiates the ident function and reverts to the
top-level softkeys.
After 45 seconds of transponder softkey inactivity, the system reverts back to the top-level softkeys.
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STBY
ON
ALT
GND
VFR
XPDR
IDENT
CODE
IDENT
BACK
ALERTS
Pressing the IDENT or BACK Softkey
returns to the top-level softkeys.
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
IDENT
BKSP
BACK
ALERTS
Pressing the IDENT Softkey returns to the top-level softkeys.
Pressing the BACK Softkey returns to the mode selection softkeys.
Figure 4-35 Transponder Softkeys (PFD)
TRANSPONDER MODE SELECTION
Mode selection can be automatic (Ground and Altitude Modes) or manual (Standby, ON, and Altitude Modes).
The STBY, ON, and ALT Softkeys can be accessed by pressing the XPDR Softkey.
Selecting a transponder mode:
1) Press the XPDR Softkey to display the Transponder Mode Selection Softkeys.
2) Press the desired softkey to activate the transponder mode.
GROUND MODE
Ground Mode is normally selected automatically when the aircraft is on the ground. The transponder
powers up in the last mode it was in when shut down. Ground Mode can be overridden by pressing any one
of the Mode Selection Softkeys. A green GND indication and transponder code appear in the mode field of
the Transponder Data Box. In Ground Mode, the transponder does not allow Mode A and Mode C replies,
but it does permit acquisition squitter and replies to discretely addressed Mode S interrogations.
When Standby Mode has been selected on the ground, the transponder can be returned to Ground Mode
by pressing the GND Softkey.
GND
Mode
Figure 4-36 Ground Mode
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STANDBY MODE (MANUAL)
NOTE: In Standby Mode, the IDENT function is inoperative.
Standby Mode can be selected at any time by pressing the STBY Softkey. In Standby, the transponder does
not reply to interrogations, but new codes can be entered. When Standby is selected, a white STBY indication
and transponder code appear in the mode field of the Transponder Data Box. In all other modes, these fields
appear in green.
STBY Mode (White
Code Number and
Mode)
Figure 4-37 Standby Mode
MANUAL ON MODE
ON Mode can be selected at any time by pressing the ON Softkey. ON Mode generates Mode A and Mode S
replies, but Mode C altitude reporting is inhibited. In ON Mode, a green ON indication and transponder
code appear in the mode field of the Transponder Data Box.
ON Mode
(No Altitude
Reporting)
Figure 4-38 ON Mode
ALTITUDE MODE (AUTOMATIC OR MANUAL)
Altitude Mode is automatically selected when the aircraft becomes airborne. Altitude Mode may also be
selected manually by pressing the ALT Softkey.
If Altitude Mode is selected, a green ALT indication and transponder code appear in the mode field of the
Transponder Data Box, and all transponder replies requesting altitude information are provided with pressure
altitude information.
ALT Mode
(Mode C Altitude
Reporting)
Figure 4-39 Altitude Mode
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REPLY STATUS
When the transponder sends replies to interrogations, a white R indication appears momentarily in the
reply status field of the Transponder Data Box.
Reply to
Interrogation
Figure 4-50 Reply Indication
ENTERING A TRANSPONDER CODE
Entering a transponder code with softkeys:
1) Press the XPDR Softkey to display the Transponder Mode Selection Softkeys.
2) Press the CODE Softkey to display the Transponder Code Selection Softkeys, for digit entry.
3) Press the digit softkeys to enter the code in the code field. When entering the code, the next softkey in sequence
must be pressed within 10 seconds, or the entry is cancelled and restored to the previous code. Pressing the
BKSP Softkey moves the code selection cursor to the previous digit. Five seconds after the fourth digit has been
entered, the transponder code becomes active.
Entering
a Code
Figure 4-51 Entering a Code
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Entering a transponder code with the PFD FMS Knob:
1) Press the XPDR and the CODE Softkeys as in the previous procedure to enable code entry.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob on the PFD to enter the first two code digits.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to move the cursor to the next code field.
4) Enter the last two code digits with the small FMS Knob.
5) Press the ENT Key to complete code digit entry.
Pressing the CLR Key or small FMS Knob before code entry is complete cancels code entry and restores the
previous code. Waiting for 10 seconds after code entry is finished activates the code automatically.
Press the
ENT Key to
Complete
Code Entry
Turn the Small
FMS Knob to
Enter Two Code
Digits at a Time
Turn the Large
FMS Knob
to Move the
Cursor to the
Next Code Field
Figure 4-52 Entering a Code with the FMS Knob
VFR CODE
The VFR code can be entered either manually or by pressing the XPDR Softkey, then the VFR Softkey.
When the VFR Softkey is pressed, the pre-programmed VFR code is automatically displayed in the code field
of the Transponder Data Box. Pressing the VFR Softkey again restores the previous identification code.
The pre-programmed VFR Code is set at the factory to 1200. If a VFR code change is required, contact a
Garmin-authorized service center for configuration.
VFR Code
Figure 4-53 VFR Code
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IDENT FUNCTION
NOTE: In Standby Mode, the IDENT Softkey is inoperative.
Pressing the IDENT Softkey sends an ID indication to Air Traffic Control (ATC). The ID return distinguishes
one transponder from all the others on the air traffic controller’s radar screen. The IDENT Softkey appears on
all levels of transponder softkeys. When the IDENT Softkey is pressed, a green IDNT indication is displayed in
the mode field of the Transponder Data Box for a duration of 18 seconds.
After the IDENT Softkey is pressed while in Mode or Code Selection, the system reverts to the top-level
softkeys.
IDNT
Indication
Press the
IDENT Softkey
to Initiate the
ID Function
Figure 4-54 IDENT Softkey and Indication
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FLIGHT ID REPORTING
NOTE: If the Flight ID is required but the system is not configured for it, contact a Garmin-authorized service
center for configuration.
When the Flight ID must be entered before flight operation, the identifier is placed in the Timer/References
Window on the PFD. The Flight ID is not to exceed seven characters. No space is needed when entering
Flight ID. When a Flight ID contains a space, the system automatically removes it upon completion of Flight
ID entry.
Entering a Flight ID:
1) Press the TMR/REF Softkey to display the Timer/References Window.
2) Press the FMS Knob to activate the selection cursor, if not already activated.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to scroll down to the Flight ID.
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to enter the desired Flight ID.
5) Press the ENT Key to complete Flight ID entry.
If an error is made during Flight ID entry, pressing the CLR Key returns to the original Flight ID entry. While
entering a Flight ID, turning the FMS Knob counterclockwise moves the cursor back one space for each detent
of rotation. If an incorrect Flight ID is discovered after the unit begins operation, reenter the correct Flight ID
using the same procedure.
Flight ID
PFD Entry
Figure 4-55 Timer/References Window, Entering Flight ID
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4.5 ADDITIONAL AUDIO PANEL FUNCTIONS
POWER-UP
The Audio Panel performs a self-test during power-up. During the self-test all Audio Panel annunciator lights
illuminate for approximately two seconds. Once the self-test is completed, most of the settings are restored to
those in use before the unit was last turned off.
MONO/STEREO HEADSETS
Stereo headsets are recommended for use with the G1000.
Using a monaural headset in a stereo jack shorts the right headset channel output to ground. While this does
not damage the Audio Panel, a person listening on a monaural headset hears only the left channel in both ears.
If a monaural headset is used at one of the passenger positions, any other passenger using a stereo headset hears
audio in the left ear only.
SPEAKER
All of the radios can be heard over the cabin speaker. Pressing the SPKR Key selects and deselects the cabin
speaker. Speaker audio is muted when the PTT is pressed. Certain aural alerts and warnings (autopilot, traffic,
altitude) are always heard on the speaker, even when the speaker is not selected.
The speaker volume is adjustable within a nominal range. Contact a Garmin-authorized service center for
volume adjustment.
Figure 4-56 Passenger Address and Speaker Keys
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AUDIO PANEL AND CNS
INTERCOM
The Audio Panel includes a six-position intercom system (ICS) and two stereo music inputs for the pilot,
copilot and up to four passengers. The intercom provides Pilot and Copilot isolation from the passengers and
aircraft radios.
Figure 4-57 Intercom Controls
PILOT KEY
Annunciator
COPLT KEY
Annunciator
Pilot Hears
Copilot Hears
Passenger Hears
OFF
OFF
Selected radios, aural
alerts, pilot, copilot,
passengers, MUSIC 1
Selected radios, aural
alerts, pilot, copilot,
passengers, MUSIC 1
Selected radios, aural alerts,
pilot, copilot, passengers,
MUSIC 2
ON
OFF
Selected radios, aural
alerts, pilot
Copilot,
passengers,
MUSIC 1
Copilot,
passengers,
MUSIC 2
OFF
ON
Selected radios,
aural alerts, pilot;
passengers, MUSIC 1
Copilot
Selected radios, aural alerts,
pilot, passengers,
MUSIC 2
ON
ON
Selected radios, aural
alerts, pilot, copilot
Selected radios, aural
alerts, pilot, copilot
Passengers;
MUSIC 2
Table 4-1 ICS Isolation Modes
Pilot isolation is selected when the PILOT Annunciator is illuminated. During Pilot isolation, the pilot can
hear the selected radios and aural alerts and warnings. The copilot and passengers can communicate with each
other. The copilot is isolated from aural alerts and warnings.
Copilot isolation is selected when the COPLT Annunciator is illuminated. The copilot is isolated from the
selected radios, aural alerts and warnings, and everyone else. The pilot and passengers can hear the selected
radios and communicate with each other.
When both the PILOT and COPLT Annunciators are illuminated, the pilot and copilot can hear the selected
radios and communicate with each other. The passengers are isolated from the pilot and copilot but can
communicate with each other.
When both the PILOT and COPLT Annunciators are extinguished, everyone hears the selected radios and is
able to communicate with everyone else.
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INTERCOM VOLUME AND SQUELCH
The PILOT/PASS Knob controls volume or manual squelch adjustment for the pilot and copilot/passenger.
The small knob controls the pilot volume and squelch. The large knob controls the copilot/passenger volume
and squelch. The VOL and SQ annunciations at the bottom of the unit indicate which function the knob is
controlling. Pressing the PILOT/PASS Knob switches between volume and squelch control as indicated by
the VOL or SQ annunciation being illuminated.
The MAN SQ Key allows either automatic or manual control of the squelch setting. When the MAN SQ
Annunciator is extinguished (Automatic Squelch is on), the PILOT/PASS Knob controls only the volume
(pressing the PILOT/PASS Knob has no effect on the VOL/SQ selection).
When the MAN SQ Annunciator is illuminated (Manual Squelch), the PILOT/PASS Knob controls both
volume and squelch.
Manual Squelch Annunciator;
Off for Automatic Squelch, On
for Manual Squelch
Automatic/Manual Squelch
Pilot Volume or Manual
Squelch. Press to switch
between VOL and SQ. Turn
to adjust Squelch when SQ
Annunciation is lit, Volume
when VOL Annunciation is lit.
Copilot/Passenger
Volume or
Manual Squelch
Volume Annunciation
Squelch Annunciation
Figure 4-58 Volume/Squelch Control
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AUDIO PANEL AND CNS
PASSENGER ADDRESS (PA) SYSTEM
A passenger address system is available for delivering voice messages over the cabin speaker. When the PA
Key is selected on the Audio Panel, the COM MIC Annunciator is extinguished, and the active COM frequency
changes to white, indicating that there is no COM selected. A Push-to-Talk (PTT) must be pressed to deliver PA
announcements. The PA Annunciator flashes about once per second while the PTT is depressed.
PA Key is Selected on
the Audio Panel
Figure 4-59 PA Key Selected for Cabin Announcements
CLEARANCE RECORDER AND PLAYER
The Audio Panel contains a digital clearance recorder that records up to 2.5 minutes of the selected COM
radio signal. Recorded COM audio is stored in separate memory blocks. Once 2.5 minutes of recording time
have been reached, the recorder begins recording over the stored memory blocks, starting from the oldest
block.
The PLAY Key controls the play function. Pressing the PLAY Key once plays the latest recorded memory
block. The PLAY Annunciator flashes to indicate when play is in progress. The PLAY Annunciator turns off
after the present memory block has finished playing.
Pressing the MKR/MUTE Key during play of a memory block stops play. If a COM input signal is detected
during play of a recorded memory block, play is halted.
Pressing the PLAY Key while audio is playing begins playing the previously recorded memory block. Each
subsequent press of the PLAY Key selects the previously recorded memory block.
Powering off the unit automatically clears all recorded blocks.
MKR/MUTE
Key Stops Play
PLAY Key
Controls the
Play Function
Figure 4-45 Marker Mute and Play Keys
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AUDIO PANEL AND CNS
ENTERTAINMENT INPUTS
NOTE: MUSIC 1 and MUSIC 2 inputs cannot be completely turned off. Audio level for MUSIC 1 and MUSIC 2
can be adjusted by a Garmin-authorized service center.
The Audio Panel provides two stereo auxiliary entertainment inputs: MUSIC 1 and MUSIC 2. These inputs
are compatible with popular portable entertainment devices such as MP3 and CD players. Two 3.5-mm
stereo phone jacks are installed in convenient locations for audio connection. The headphone outputs of the
entertainment devices are plugged into the MUSIC 1 or MUSIC 2 jacks.
The current ICS state of isolation affects the distribution of the entertainment input MUSIC 1 (see
Table 4-1).
MUSIC 1
MUSIC 1 can be heard by the pilot and copilot when both the PILOT and the COPLT Annunciators are
extinguished. MUSIC 1 can also be heard by the pilot when the COPLT Annunciator is illuminated and by
the copilot when the PILOT Annunciator is illuminated.
MUSIC 1 MUTING
MUSIC 1 muting occurs when aircraft radio or marker beacon activity is heard. MUSIC 1 is always soft
muted when an interruption occurs from these sources. Soft muting is the gradual return of MUSIC 1 to
its original volume level. The time required for MUSIC 1 volume to return to normal is between one-half
and four seconds.
MUSIC 1 MUTING ENABLE/DISABLE
Pressing and holding the MKR/MUTE Key for three seconds switches MUSIC 1 muting on and off. When
switching, either one or two beeps are heard; one beep indicates that music muting is enabled, two beeps
indicate music muting is disabled. MUSIC 1 muting is reset (enabled) during power up.
MUSIC 2
MUSIC 2 can be heard only by the passengers and is never muted.
XM RADIO ENTERTAINMENT (OPTIONAL)
XM Radio audio from the Data Link Receiver may be heard by the pilot and passengers simultaneously
(optional: requires subscription to XM Radio Service). Refer to the Additional Features Section for more
details on the Data Link Receiver.
Connecting a stereo input to either MUSIC 1 or MUSIC 2 jacks removes the XM Radio Audio from that input.
For example, if passengers prefer their own music while the pilot listens to the XM Radio, the entertainment
audio should be connected to the MUSIC 2 jack.
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4.6 AUDIO PANEL PREFLIGHT PROCEDURE
NOTE: If the pilot and/or copilot are using headsets that have a high/low switch or volume control knob,
verify that the switch is in the high position and the volume control on the headsets are at maximum volume
setting. On single-pilot flights, verify that all other headsets are not connected to avoid excess noise in the
audio system.
NOTE: When the MAN SQ Key is pressed, the ICS squelch can be set manually by the pilot and copilot. If
manual squelch is set to full open (SQ annunciated and the knobs turned counterclockwise) background
noise is heard in the ICS system as well as during COM transmissions.
After powering up the G1000 System, the following steps will aid in maximizing the use of the Audio Panel as
well as prevent pilot and copilot induced issues. These preflight procedures should be performed each time a
pilot boards the aircraft to insure awareness of all audio levels in the Audio Panel and radios.
Automatic/Manual
Squelch
Pilot and
Copilot ICS
Isolation Keys
Pilot Volume
or Manual
Squelch
Copilot/Passenger
Volume or
Manual Squelch
Squelch
Annunciation
Volume
Annunciation
Figure 4-61 Audio Panel Controls
Setting the Audio Panel during preflight:
1) Verify that the PILOT and COPLT Annunciators are extinguished.
2) Verify that the MAN SQ Annunciator is extinguished.
3) Turn the PILOT/PASS Knobs clockwise two full turns. This will set the headset intercom audio level to max
volume (least amount of attenuation).
4) Adjust radio volume levels (COM, NAV, etc.) to a suitable level.
5) Adjust the PILOT/PASS Knob volume to the desired intercom level.
Once this procedure has been completed, the pilot and copilot can change settings, keeping in mind the notes
above.
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4.7 ABNORMAL OPERATION
Abnormal operation of the G1000 includes equipment failures of the G1000 components and failure of
associated equipment, including switches and external devices.
STUCK MICROPHONE
If the push-to-talk (PTT) Key becomes stuck, the COM transmitter stops transmitting after 35 seconds of
continuous operation. An alert appears on the PFD to advise the pilot of a stuck microphone.
The COM1 MIC or COM2 MIC Key Annunciator on the Audio Panel flashes as long as the PTT Key remains
stuck.
Figure 4-62 Stuck Microphone Alert
COM TUNING FAILURE
In case of a COM system tuning failure, the emergency frequency (121.500 MHz) is automatically tuned in
the radio in which the tuning failure occurred. Depending on the failure mode, a red X may appear on the
frequency display.
Emergency Channel
Loaded Automatically
Figure 4-63 COM Tuning Failure
AUDIO PANEL FAIL-SAFE OPERATION
If there is a failure of the Audio Panel, a fail-safe circuit connects the pilot’s headset and microphone directly
to the COM1 transceiver. Audio will not be available on the speaker.
REVERSIONARY MODE
The red DISPLAY BACKUP Button selects Reversionary Mode for both displays. Reversionary Mode
operation displays flight and engine information on both the PFD and MFD, in case of display failure.
See the System Overview Section for more information on the DISPLAY BACKUP Button.
Figure 4-64 Display Backup Button
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GPS NAVIGATION
SECTION 5 GPS NAVIGATION
5.1 INTRODUCTION
This section of the Pilot’s Guide provides GPS and vertical navigation operating procedures for the G1000
installed in the Diamond DA40/40F. This section assumes some prior knowledge of the other sections of the
G1000 Pilot’s Guide, especially the “how-to” of entering data and MFD Page Groups. All screen displays in this
section are for reference only and are subject to change. This section is organized as follows:
• MFD Navigation Map
• Nearest Intersections
• PFD Inset Map and Windows
• Nearest NDBs
• Direct to Navigation
• Nearest VORs
• Airport Information
• Nearest Frequencies
• Intersection Information
• Nearest Airspaces
• NDB Information
• Nearest User Waypoints
• VOR Information
• Flight Planning
• User Waypoint Information
• Procedures
• Nearest Airports
• Abnormal Operation
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5.2 NAVIGATION MAP (MFD)
WARNING: The basemap (land and water data) must not be used for navigation, only for situational
awareness. Any basemap indication should be compared with other navigation sources.
NOTE: MFD Navigation Map operations involving the display of traffic, Terrain Proximity, and weather data are
described in the Hazard Awareness Section.
NOTE: Refer to the appendices for a full description and interpretation of aviation map data.
This section describes the MFD Navigation Map setup and operation which in most cases is a “one-time”
operation since the setup can be customized to accommodate the individual needs of the pilot.
Figure 5-1 Navigation Map Page
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GPS NAVIGATION
The Navigation Map Page (Figure 5-1) is the first page in the Map Page Group and provides the following
GPS Navigation display capability:
• Map display showing airports, NAVAIDs, airspaces, • Aircraft icon representing present position
land data (highways, cities, lakes, rivers, borders, • Icons for enabled map features
etc.) with names
• Track vector
• Map pointer information (distance and bearing
to pointer, location of pointer, name, and other • Topography scale
pertinent information)
• Fuel range ring
• Map range
• Topography data
• Wind direction and speed
• Airways
• Heading indication
NAVIGATION MAP SETUP
The map can be customized using the map setup groups listed in the Navigation Map Page Setup Menu. To
display the menu, press the MENU Key (with the Navigation Map Page displayed).
Figure 5-2 Navigation Map Page Menu
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Within the Map Setup Option there are the following setup groups (Figure 5-3):
• Map
• Weather (refer to the Hazard Awareness Section)
• Traffic (refer to the Hazard Awareness Section)
• Aviation
• Airways
• Land
Setup
Groups
Figure 5-3 Map Setup Groups
MAP GROUP
ORIENTATION
There are four map orientation selections: North up, Track up, DTK up, and HDG up. The orientation
default setting is ‘North Up’.
• North up fixes the top of the map to a north heading.
• Track up adjusts the top of the map display to the current ground track.
• Desired Track Up (DTK up) fixes the top of the map display to the desired course.
• Heading Up (HDG up) fixes the top of the map display to the current aircraft heading.
Changing the map orientation:
1) With the Navigation Map Page displayed, press the MENU Key. The cursor flashes on the ‘Map Setup’ option.
2) Press the ENT Key. The Map Setup Menu is displayed.
3) Select the ‘ORIENTATION’ field. Select the desired orientation and press the ENT Key.
4) Press the FMS Knob to return to the Navigation Map Page.
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Figure 5-4 Map Group
Auto Zoom
• In the event of a Terrain Proximity alert condition (caution or warning), the map field of a page allowing
auto zoom and displaying TAWS/Terrain Proximity data automatically adjusts to the lowest map range in
which the highest priority alert is clearly visible and proceeds to auto zoom when the Terrain Proximity
alert condition clears.
• In the event of a new traffic advisory alert, the map field of a page allowing auto zoom and capable
of displaying traffic advisory alerts automatically adjusts to the lowest map range in which the traffic
advisory is clearly visible and proceeds to auto zoom when the traffic advisory clears.
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GPS NAVIGATION
The minimum and maximum look forward times (configurable per airframe and on the Map Setup
page for the ‘Map’ group) determines the minimum and maximum radial distances to display from the
current aircraft position when in north up orientation or from the map center when in heading up,
desired track up, or track up orientations based upon the aircraft’s ground speed.
• The maximum look forward time is the basis for which the maximum zoom range necessary to display
the active waypoint, if possible, is determined.
• The minimum look forward time is the basis for which the minimum zoom range necessary to display
the active waypoint, if possible, is determined.
• The time out time (configurable on the Map Setup page for the “Map” group) determines the amount of
time that auto zoom is allowed to be overridden by a manual adjustment of the range knob unless the
time out value is zero, in which case the override condition never times out.
• The active waypoint is visible on the map in a lower zoom range or the current zoom range exceeds the
maximum zoom range.
• The current zoom range exceeds the minimum zoom range.
Enabling/disabling automatic zoom:
1) Press the MENU Key with the Navigation Map Page displayed. The cursor flashes on the ‘Map Setup’ option.
2) Press the ENT Key. The Map Setup Menu is displayed.
3) Select the ‘Map’ group
4) Press the ENT Key.
5) Highlight the ‘AUTO ZOOM’ field.
6) Select ‘Off’, ‘MFD Only’, ‘PFD Only’, or ‘ALL On’.
7) Press the ENT Key to accept the selected option. The flashing cursor highlights the ‘MAX LOOK FWD’ field.
Times are from zero to 999 minutes.
8) Use the small and large FMS Knobs to set the time. Press the ENT Key.
9) Repeat step 8 for ‘MIN LOOK FWD’ (zero-99 minutes) and ‘MAX LOOK FWD’ (zero to 999 minutes).
10) Press the FMS Knob to return to the Navigation Map Page.
Land Data
The Navigation Map can display background land data (roads, lakes, borders, etc). The background
land data can also be removed from the display (turned off).
Enabling/disabling land data:
1) Press the MENU Key with the Navigation Map Page displayed. The cursor flashes on the ‘Map Setup’ option.
2) Press the ENT Key. The Map Setup Menu is displayed.
3) Select the ‘Map’ group.
4) Press the ENT Key.
4) Highlight the ‘LAND DATA’ field.
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GPS NAVIGATION
5) Select ‘On’ or ‘Off.’.
6) Press the FMS Knob to return to the Navigation Map Page.
Track Vector
Track Vector
Figure 5-5 Track Vector
The Navigation Map can display a track vector as a dashed light blue line segment with an Map
Pointerhead attached to the end, extended to a predicted location along the current aircraft track (Figure
5-5). The track vector is useful in minimizing track angle error. The track vector look-ahead times are
selectable times (30 sec, 60 sec, 2 min, 5 min, 10 min, 20 min) that determine the length of the track
vector to project from the current aircraft position so that the Map Pointer head is constantly pointing to
the aircraft’s predicted location along the current track in the selected time.
For example, if a user selects the 60 second track vector look-ahead time on the Map Setup page, the
track vector displayed on the map is the length equivalent to 60 seconds from the current aircraft position
along the current aircraft track.
Enabling/disabling the track vector:
1) Press the MENU Key with the Navigation Map Page displayed. The cursor flashes on the ‘Map Setup’ option.
2) Press the ENT Key. The Map Setup Menu is displayed.
3) Select the ‘Map’ group.
4) Press the ENT Key.
5) Highlight the ‘TRACK VECTOR’ field.
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6) Select ‘On’ or ‘Off’. Press the ENT Key to accept the selected option. The flashing cursor highlights the ‘LOOK
AHEAD’ time field. Use the FMS Knobs to select the desired time (30 seconds, 60 seconds, 2 minutes, 5
minutes, 10 minutes, 20 minutes). Press the ENT Key.
7) Press the FMS Knob to return to the Navigation Map Page.
Wind Vector
The wind vector is displayed in the upper right corner of the map and displays wind direction and
speed (in knots). Wind direction is indicated by an Map Pointer.
Enabling/disabling the wind vector:
1) Press the MENU Key with the Navigation Map Page displayed. The cursor flashes on the ‘Map Setup’ option.
2) Press the ENT Key. The Map Setup Menu is displayed.
3) Select the ‘Map’ group.
4) Press the ENT Key.
5) Highlight the ‘WIND VECTOR’ field.
6) Select ‘On’ or ‘Off’.
7) Press the FMS Knob to return to the Navigation Map Page.
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GPS NAVIGATION
Nav Range Ring
Wind Vector
Nav Range Ring
Figure 5-6 Nav Range Ring
The Nav Range Ring (Figure 5-6) shows the direction of travel (ground track) on a rotating compass
card. The range of the Nav Ring is determined by the map range: 125 feet (500 feet map range) to 500
nm (2000 nm map range).
Enabling/disabling the Nav Range Ring:
1) Press the MENU Key with the Navigation Map Page displayed. The cursor flashes on the ‘Map Setup’ option.
2) Press the ENT Key. The Map Setup Menu is displayed.
3) Select the ‘Map’ group.
4) Press the ENT Key.
5) Highlight the ‘NAV RANGE RING’ field.
6) Select ‘On’ or ‘Off’.
7) Press the FMS Knob to return to the Navigation Map Page.
Topo Data
Topographic data can be enabled or disabled on the Navigation Map using the ‘TOPO DATA’ setting.
The topo data range is the maximum map range on which topo data is displayed.
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Enabling/disabling topo data and select a topo data range:
1) Press the MENU Key with the Navigation Map Page displayed. The cursor flashes on the ‘Map Setup’ option.
2) Press the ENT Key. The Map Setup Menu is displayed.
3) Select the ‘Map’ group.
4) Press the ENT Key.
3) Highlight the ‘TOPO DATA’ field.
4) Select ‘On’ or ‘Off’.
5) Highlight the range field. TOPO ranges are from Off to 2000 nm.
6) To change the TOPO range setting, turn the small FMS Knob to display the range list.
7) Select the desired range.
8) Press the ENT Key.
Topo Scale
The topo scale setting enables or disables the topography range box located in the lower right corner
of the Navigation Map.
Enabling/disabling the topo range box:
1) Press the MENU Key with the Navigation Map Page displayed. The cursor flashes on the ‘Map Setup’ option.
2) Press the ENT Key. The Map Setup Menu is displayed.
3) Select the ‘Map’ group and press the ENT Key.
4) Highlight the ‘TOPO Range’ field.
5) Select ‘On’ or ‘Off’.
6) Press the FMS Knob to return to the Navigation Map Page.
Terrain Proximity Data
Terrain Proximity data can be enabled or disabled on the Navigation Map Page using the ‘TERRAIN
DATA’ setting. A data range can also be selected. The data range is the maximum map range that Terrain
Proximity data is displayed.
Enabling/disabling Terrain Proximity data and to select a Terrain Proximity data range:
1) With the Navigation Map Page displayed, press the MENU Key to display the Navigation Map Page Menu. The
cursor flashes on the ‘Map Setup’ option.
2) Press the ENT Key. The Map Setup Menu is displayed.
3) Select the ‘Map’ group.
4) Press the ENT Key.
5) Highlight the ‘Terrain Proximity DATA’ field.
6) Select ‘On’ or ‘Off’.
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7) Select the ENT Key to accept the selected option. The flashing cursor highlights the range field. Terrain Proximity
ranges are from Off to 2000 nm.
8) To change the Terrain Proximity range setting, turn the small FMS Knob to display the range list.
9) Select the desired range.
10) Press the ENT Key. Press the FMS Knob to return to the Navigation Map Page.
Obstacle Data
Obstacles
Figure 5-7 Obstacle Data
Obstacle data can be enabled or disabled on the Navigation Map Page using the ‘OBSTACLE DATA’
setting. A data range can also be selected. The data range is the maximum map range that Terrain
Proximity data is displayed.
Enabling/disabling obstacle data and to select a Terrain Proximity data range:
1) With the Navigation Map Page displayed, press the MENU Key to display the Navigation Map Page Menu. The
cursor flashes on the ‘Map Setup’ option.
2) Press the ENT Key. The Map Setup Menu is displayed.
3) Select the ‘Map’ group.
4) Press the ENT Key.
5) Highlight the ‘OBSTACLE DATA’ field.
6) Select ‘On’ or ‘Off’.
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GPS NAVIGATION
7) Press the ENT Key to accept the selected option. The flashing cursor highlights the range field. OBSTACLE
ranges are from Off to 50 nm.
8) To change the OBSTACLE range setting, turn the small FMS Knob to display the range list.
9) Select the desired range.
10) Press the ENT Key.
11) Press the FMS Knob to return to the Navigation Map Page.
FUEL RANGE RING (FUEL RNG) (RSV)
Refer to the EIS section for details regarding the Fuel Range Ring.
WEATHER GROUP
Refer to the Hazard Awareness Section for information pertaining to the setup and display of the Weather
Group Options.
TRAFFIC GROUP
Refer to the Hazard Awareness Section for information pertaining to the setup and display of the Traffic
Group Options.
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GPS NAVIGATION
AVIATION GROUP
Figure 5-8 Map Group
• Active Flight Plan (ACTIVE FPL)- The active flight plan zoom range sets the maximum range at which the
active flight plan magenta line is shown on the display (off - 2000 nm).
• Active Flight Plan Waypoint (ACTIVE FPL WPT)- The active flight plan waypoint label size sets the size at
which the active flight plan names appear on the display (none, small, medium, and large). The zoom range
sets the maximum range at which active flight plan waypoints appear on the display (off - 2000 nm).
• Large, Medium, and Small Airports (LARGE APT, MEDIUM APT, SMALL APT) - The airport label size sets
the size at which the large, medium, or small airport names size appear on the display. The zoom range sets
the maximum range at which the airports appear on the display:
• Large: off - 500 nm
• Medium: off - 300 nm
• Small: off - 100 nm
• Safe Taxi (SAFETAXI) - The zoom range sets the maximum range at which taxiways appear on the display:
• Off - 20 nm
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• Runway Extension (RWY EXTENSION) - The zoom range sets the maximum range at which runway
extensions appear on the display:
• Off - 100 nm
• Intersection, Non-Directional Beacon, and VOR Waypoints (INT WAYPOINT, NDB WAYPOINT, VOR
WAYPOINT) - The INT, NDB, and VOR label size sets the maximum range at which the NAVAIDS names
appear on the display. The zoom range sets the maximum range at which the NAVAIDS appear on the
display:
• INT: off - 30 nm
• NDB: off - 30 nm
• VOR: off - 300 nm
• Airspace Boundaries (CLASS B/TMA, CLASS C/TCA, and CLASS D) - The airspace zoom range sets the
maximum range at which the three classes of airspace appear on the display. The zoom range sets the
maximum range at which the airspace boundaries appear on the display:
• CLASS B: off - 500 nm
• CLASS C: off - 500 nm
• CLASS D: off - 300 nm
• “Other” Airspace Boundaries (RESTRICTED, MOA (Military), OTHER AIRSPACE, and TFR (temporary
flight restrictions). The other airspace boundary zoom range sets the maximum range at which restricted,
MOA, and other (training, caution, danger, warning, and alert areas) airspace boundaries are displayed
• RESTRICTED: off - 500 nm
• MOA (MILITARY): off - 500 nm
• OTHER/ADIZ: off - 500 nm
• TFR: (only present when GDL 69 is installed): off - 2000 nm
Selecting an aviation group item text size:
1) Press the MENU Key with the Navigation Map Page displayed. The cursor flashes on the ‘Map Setup’ option.
2) Select the ENT Key. The Map Setup Menu is displayed.
3) Select the ‘Aviation’ group.
4) Select the ENT Key. The cursor flashes on the ‘ACTIVE FPL’ field.
5) Select the desired aviation option.
6) Select the desired text size.
7) Select the ENT Key to accept the selected text size.
8) Press the FMS Knob to return to the Navigation Map Page.
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GPS NAVIGATION
Selecting an aviation group item range:
1) Press the MENU Key with the Navigation Map Page displayed. The cursor flashes on the ‘Map Setup’ option.
2) Press the ENT Key. The Map Setup Menu is displayed.
3) Select the ‘Aviation’ group.
4) Press the ENT Key. The cursor flashes on the ‘ACTIVE FPL’ field.
5) Select the desired aviation option.
6) Select the desired range (RNG). Press the ENT Key to accept the selected option.
7) Press the FMS Knob to return to the Navigation Map Page.
AIRWAYS GROUP
Figure 5-9 Airways Setup Options
The Airways group manages the display of airways. See the airways section for more information on using
the airways feature.
• Airways - Selects the display of airways:
• OFF (default setting)
• ALL
• LO Only (200 nm default setting)
• HI Only (300 nm default setting)
• LOW ALT AIRWAY - The range sets the maximum range at which low altitude airways appear on the
display.
• LO ALT AIRWAY: 500 ft. - 500 nm
• HI ALT AIRWAY - The range sets the maximum range at which high altitude airways appear on the
display.
• HI ALT AIRWAY: 500 ft. - 500 nm
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GPS NAVIGATION
Selecting an airway to display:
1) Press the MENU Key with the Navigation Map Page displayed. The cursor flashes on the ‘Map Setup’ option.
2) Press the ENT Key. The Map Setup Menu is displayed.
3) Select the ‘Airways’ group.
4) Press the ENT Key. The cursor flashes on the ‘AIRWAYS’ field.
5) Select the desired airways option (Off, All, LO Only, HI Only).
6) Press the ENT Key to accept the selected option.
7) Press the FMS Knob to return to the Navigation Map Page.
Selecting a low or high altitude airway display range:
1) Press the MENU Key with the Navigation Map Page displayed. The cursor flashes on the ‘Map Setup’ option.
2) Press the ENT Key. The Map Setup Menu is displayed.
3) Select the ‘Airways’ group.
4) Press the ENT Key. The cursor flashes on the ‘AIRWAYS’ field.
5) Move the cursor to the LO ALT AIRWAY or HI ALT AIRWAY field.
6) Select the desired range.
7) Press the ENT Key to accept the selected range.
8) Press the FMS Knob to return to the Navigation Map Page.
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GPS NAVIGATION
Airway Line Style
Low altitude airways are drawn in gray (the same shade used for roads). High altitude airways are
drawn in green. This color is used on Jeppesen charts where high altitude airways are shown on low
altitude charts. When both types of airways are selected for display at the same time, high altitude
airways are drawn on top of low altitude airways.
Figure 5-10 High and Low Altitude Airways
Airways which are classified in the database as all altitude routes are drawn as high altitude routes
whenever both route types are selected for display at the same time. Otherwise, these routes are drawn
in the style (low or high) that has been selected for display.
When airways are drawn on the map, the symbols needed to show the airway waypoints (VORs, NDBs
and Intersections) are also drawn regardless of the map setting that would otherwise control the drawing
of that symbol. For example, if airways are enabled to be drawn at the 200 nm range setting, Intersection
symbols are drawn as needed to depict the airway even though Intersections are enabled for display only
for range settings of 30 nm or less.
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GPS NAVIGATION
LAND GROUP
Figure 5-11 Land Group
• Latitude/Longitude (LAT/LON) - The LAT/LON label size sets the size at which latitude/longitude labels
appear on the display (none, small, medium, and large). The zoom range sets the maximum range at
which LAT/LON waypoints appear on the display (off - 2000 nm).
• Highways, Roads, and Railroads (FREEWAY, LOCAL HWY, LOCAL ROAD, RAILROAD) - The highway
and road zoom range sets the maximum range at which highways, roads, and railroads appear on the
display:
• FREEWAY: off - 800 nm
• NATIONAL HWY: off - 80 nm
• LOCAL HWY: off - 30 nm
• LOCAL ROAD: off - 15 nm
• RAILROAD: off - 30 nm
• Cities and Towns (LARGE CITY, MEDIUM CITY, SMALL CITY) - The cities and town label size sets the
maximum range at which city and town names appear on the display. The zoom range sets the maximum
range at which cities and towns appear on the display:
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• LARGE CITY (approximate populations greater than 200,000): off - 1500 nm
• MEDIUM CITY (approximate populations greater than 50,000): off - 200 nm
• SMALL CITY (approximate populations greater than 5,000): off - 50 nm
• States and Provinces, Rivers and Lakes, and User Waypoints (STATE/PROV, RIVER/LAKE, USER
WAYPOINT) - the label range sets the maximum range at which the three categories appear on the
display. The zoom range sets the maximum range at which the three categories appear on the display:
• STATE/PROV: off - 1500 nm
• RIVER/LAKE off - 500 nm
• USER WAYPOINT: off - 300 nm
Selecting a land group item text size:
1) Press the MENU Key with the Navigation Map Page displayed. The cursor flashes on the ‘Map Setup’ option.
2) Press the ENT Key. The Map Setup Menu is displayed.
3) Select the ‘Land’ group.
4) Press the ENT Key. The cursor flashes on the ‘LAT/LON’ field.
5) Select the desired land option.
6) Select the desired text size.
7) Press the ENT Key to accept the selected option.
8) Press the FMS Knob to return to the Navigation Map Page.
Selecting a land group item range:
1) Press the MENU Key with the Navigation Map Page displayed. The cursor flashes on the ‘Map Setup’ option.
2) Press the ENT Key. The Map Setup Menu is displayed.
3) Select the ‘Land’ group.
4) Press the ENT Key. The cursor flashes on the ‘LAT/LON’ field.
5) Select the desired land option.
6) Press the ENT Key to accept the selected option.
7) Press the FMS Knob to return to the Navigation Map Page.
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GPS NAVIGATION
SELECTING A MAP RANGE
The Navigation Map can be set to 28 different range settings from 500 feet to 2000 nautical miles. The
current range is indicated in the lower right corner of the Navigation Map Page and represents the top-tobottom distance covered by the map. To change the map range turn the joystick counter-clockwise to zoom
in, or clockwise to zoom out.
DECLUTTERING THE MAP
The declutter feature steps through 4 levels of removing map information. The declutter level is displayed
in the DCLTR Softkey and next to the Declutter Menu Option. In Table 5-1, the shaded area under the
declutter level headings represent map items “removed” and the white areas represent map items “displayed”
for the various levels of declutter.
Decluttering the map:
1) Press the MENU Key with the Navigation Map Page displayed.
3) Select ‘Declutter’. The current declutter level is shown.
4) Press the ENT Key.
OR:
Select the DCLTR Key with the Navigation Map Page displayed. The current declutter level is shown. With each
press, another level of map information is removed.
Figure 5-12 Map Declutter Option
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GPS NAVIGATION
No Declutter Declutter-1 Declutter-2
Declutter-3
Flight Plan Route Lines
Flight Plan Route Waypoints
Rivers/Lakes
Topography Data
TAWS/Terrain Proximity
Map Borders
Bearing Line
Stormscope Lightning Strike Data
NEXRAD
XM Lightning Data
Traffic
Airports
Runway Labels
Restricted
MOA (Military)
User Waypoints
Latitude/Longitude Grid
VORs
NDBs
Intersections
Class B/TMA
Class C/TCA
Class D
Other/ADIZ
Obstacles
Land/Country Text
Cities
Roads
Railroads
Major Political Boundaries
River/Lake Names
Table 5-1 Map Declutter Levels
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GPS NAVIGATION
MAP PANNING
Data Fields; Distance to
Map Pointer, Bearing to
Map Pointer, and Elevation
at Map Pointer Location
Map Pointer
Figure 5-13 Map Panning
Map panning (Figure 5-13) moves the map beyond its current limits without adjusting the map range.
When the panning function is selected by pushing in the Joystick, the Map Pointer flashes on the map
display. A window also appears at the top of the map display showing the latitude/longitude position of the
Map Pointer, the bearing and distance to the pointer from the aircraft’s present position and the elevation
of the land at the position of the Map Pointer. When the Map Pointer crosses an airspace boundary, the
boundary is highlighted and airspace information is shown at the top of the display. The information
includes the name and class of airspace, the ceiling in feet expressed in Mean Sea Level (MSL), and the floor
in feet MSL.
Panning the map:
1) Push the Joystick to display the Map Pointer.
2) Move the Joystick in the general direction of the desired destination to place the Map Pointer at the destination
location. When the Map Pointer is placed on an object, the name of the object is highlighted (even if the name
was not originally displayed on the map). This feature applies to everything displayed on the map except
route lines. When any map feature or object is selected on the map display, features or objects are displayed
in the box located at the top of the display. From here, the waypoint as the direct-to destination. When the
Map Pointer crosses an airspace boundary, the boundary is highlighted and airspace information is displayed
at the top of the display.
3) Push the Joystick to remove the Map Pointer and re-center the map on the aircraft’s current position.
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GPS NAVIGATION
Creating user waypoints from the Navigation Map Page:
1) With the Navigation Map Page displayed, push the Joystick to activate the panning function. The Map Pointer
is displayed at the present aircraft position.
2) After placing the Map Pointer at the desired position, press the ENT Key. The User Waypoint Information Page
is displayed with the captured position.
3) Enter a waypoint name.
4) Press the ENT Key to accept the selected name. The first reference waypoint field is highlighted.
5) If desired, enter the identifier of the reference waypoint and the radial and distance to the reference waypoint.
6) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
DISPLAYING TOPOGRAPHIC DATA ON THE MAP
2
3
1
2
3
4
4
5
Range of topography
elevation presently
displayed on-screen
Maximum
elevation of topography
presently displayed onscreen
Minimum
elevation of topography
presently displayed onscreen
Aircraft altitude
Ground elevation at
present aircraft position
1
5
Figure 5-14 Topography Scale
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GPS NAVIGATION
The Navigation Map displays various shades of topography land colors representing the rise and fall of land
elevation similar to aviation sectional charts (Figure 5-19). The Navigation Map can display a topographic
range representing various key points of Terrain Proximity elevation colors with their associated elevation
value labeled.
Enabling/disabling topo data and selecting a topo data range:
1) Press the MENU Key with the Navigation Map Page displayed. The cursor flashes on the ‘Map Setup’ option.
2) Press the ENT Key. The Map Setup Menu is displayed.
3) Select the ‘Map’ group.
4) Press the ENT Key.
3) Highlight the ‘TOPO DATA’ field.
4) Select ‘On’ or ‘Off’.
5) Highlight the range field. TOPO ranges are from Off to 2000 nm.
6) To change the TOPO range setting, turn the small FMS Knob to display the range list.
7) Select the desired range.
8) Press the ENT Key.
Displaying topographic data on all pages displaying maps:
1) Press the MAP Softkey.
2) Press the TOPO Softkey.
3) Press the TOPO Softkey again to remove topo data from the Navigation Map. When topographic data is
removed from the page, all navigation data is presented on a black background.
TOPO SCALE
The ‘TOPO SCALE’ menu option enables or disables the topography range box located in the lower
right corner of the Navigation Map.
Enabling/disabling the topo range box:
1) Press the MENU Key with the Navigation Map Page displayed. The cursor flashes on the ‘Map Setup’ option.
2) Press the ENT Key. The Map Setup Menu is displayed.
3) Select the ‘Map’ group and select the ENT Key.
4) Highlight the ‘TOPO SCALE’ field.
5) Select ‘On’ or ‘Off’.
6) Press the FMS Knob to return to the Navigation Map Page.
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GPS NAVIGATION
GPS NAVIGATION STATUS BOX
NOTE: The coloration of primary, GPS-derived data is yellow when in dead reckoning mode. These primary
fields include the NAV Status Box fields except Active Leg, TAS, and DTK.
Table 5-15 GPS Navigation Status Box
The GPS Navigation Status Box (Figure 5-15) is displayed in the top center of the MFD and PFD. It
displays four, user-configurable fields which can display the information listed below:
• Bearing to next waypoint (BRG)
• Distance to next waypoint (DIS)
• Desired track to next waypoint (DTK)
• Enroute safe altitude (ESA)
• Estimated Time of Arrival (ETA)
• Estimated Time Enroute (ETE)
• Ground Speed (GS)
• Maximum Safe Altitude (MSA)
• True Airspeed (TAS)
• Track angle error (TKE)
• Track angle (TRK)
• Vertical speed required (VSR)
• Cross track error (XTK)
By default, the Navigation Status Box is set to display ground speed (GS), distance to next waypoint
(DIS), estimated time enroute (ETE), and enroute safe altitude (ESA).
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GPS NAVIGATION
Changing a field in the GPS Navigation Status Box:
1) Select the System Setup Page.
2) Press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the desired field number in the MFD Data Bar Fields Box.
3) Turn the small FMS Knob to display and scroll through the data options list.
4) Select the desired data.
5) Press the ENT Key. Pressing the Defaults (DFLTS) Softkey can be used to return any field to its default setting
(listed previously).
MEASURING BEARING AND DISTANCE
The second map setup option is ‘Measure Bearing/Distance’ (Figure 5-16), which provides a quick and
easy method for determining the bearing and distance between any two points on the Navigation Map.
Pressing the ENT Key at any location with the ‘Measure’ option enabled allows bearing and distance from
the newly selected position to be acquired.
Data Fields;
Distance to Map
Pointer, Bearing to
Map Pointer, and
Elevation at Map
Pointer Location
Bearing Line
Figure 5-16 Measuring Bearing and Distance on the MFD Navigation Map
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GPS NAVIGATION
Figure 5-17 Measure Bearing/Distance Option
Measuring bearing and distance between two points:
1) Press the MENU Key (with the Navigation Map Page displayed).
2) Highlight the ‘Measure Bearing/Distance’ field.
3) Press the ENT Key. An on-screen reference pointer is displayed on the map display at the aircraft’s present
position.
4) Move the Joystick to place the reference pointer at the desired location. The bearing and distance is displayed
at the top of the map display. Elevation at the current position is also displayed. Pressing the ENT Key changes
the starting point for measuring.
5) To exit the Measure Bearing/Distance option, push the Joystick or select ‘Stop Measuring’ from the page
menu.
6) Press the ENT Key.
DISPLAYING CHARTS
ChartView and FliteCharts resemble the paper version of Jeppesen and NACO terminal procedures charts.
The charts are displayed in full color with high-resolution. See the Additional Features section for more
information on ChartView and FliteCharts.
Figure 5-18 ‘Show Chart’ Option
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GPS NAVIGATION
5.3 PFD INSET MAP AND WINDOWS
NOTE: The Inset Map is removed from the PFD any time aircraft pitch is greater than +30° or less than –20°,
or when a 65° bank angle is reached.
NOTE: Inset Map operations involving the display of traffic, Terrain Proximity, and weather data are discussed
in the Hazard Awareness section.
GPS navigation operations on the Primary Flight Display centers around the use of the Inset Map and Display
Windows (Figures 5-19 and 5-20).
INSET MAP
Map Orientation
Active
Navigation
Route
Map Scale
Figure 5-19 PFD Inset Map
The Inset Map is a smaller version of the MFD Navigation Map and is optionally displayed in the lower left
corner of the PFD. The Inset Map is displayed by pressing the INSET Softkey. Inset Map features are enabled
on the MFD (refer to the Navigation Map Setup section for details).
The Map Inset can display the following information:
• Moving map
• Zoom scale legend
• Orientation
• Aircraft icon
• TOPO data
• Traffic data
• Weather data
• Terrain Proximity data
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GPS NAVIGATION
• Active navigation flight plan
• Track vector
• Wind direction/speed
• Latitude/longitude lines
• NAV range ring
• Fuel range ring (reserve; the fuel reserve rings are enabled and disabled from the MFD only)
• Obstacles data
• Potential Terrain Proximity/obstacle impact data (TAWS)
The following Inset Map operations can be performed (operations are performed independently of the
MFD):
• Changing the zoom range
• Changing the declutter level
• Map panning
• Topo
• Traffic
• Terrain Proximity
• Stormscope
• NEXRAD
• Lightning
To change the Inset Map zoom range, turn the Joystick clockwise to increase or counterclockwise to decrease
the range. Zoom ranges from 500 feet to 2,000 nautical miles. To change the declutter level, press the INSET
Softkey. Press the DCLTR Softkey to remove background map details until the desired amount of detail is
displayed. The declutter level appears in the softkey (i.e., DCLTR-1).
Panning the map:
1) Push the Joystick to display the Map Pointer. The map can now move beyond its current limits without adjusting
the range.
2) Move the Joystick to pan the map in the general direction of the desired location. When the pointer is placed
on an object, the name of the object is highlighted for approximately 4 seconds (even if the name was not
originally displayed on the map). This feature applies to everything displayed on the map except for route
lines.
3) Push the Joystick to cancel the panning function and re-center the map on the aircraft’s current position.
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GPS NAVIGATION
PFD WINDOWS
PFD windows are displayed in the lower right corner of the PFD. PFD windows can display different types of
information; the discussion in this section of the Pilot’s Guide is limited to the following windows that pertain
to GPS navigation:
• Nearest Airports
• Direct-to
• Flight Plan
• Procedures
Figure 5-20 PFD Window Location
COLLAPSING AIRWAYS ON THE PFD FLIGHT PLAN WINDOW
On the PFD Flight Plan Window when the airway display has been collapsed, only the Entry and Exit
waypoints of the airway are shown. When collapsed format is active, leg-to-leg computed values such as DIS
or ETE shown for the exit waypoint reflects the total of all the legs on the airway that have been hidden in the
collapsed display. The DTK value is inhibited because its meaning is not clear in this context.
The “Expanded” format is automatically selected after the “Load Airway” function is used (facilitates review
of the flight plan).
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GPS NAVIGATION
5.4 DIRECT-TO-NAVIGATION (MFD)
NOTE: The Direct-to Window Inset Map (Figure 5-21) range is adjustable. To change the map range, turn the
Joystick to the left to select a lower range, turn it to the right to select a higher range.
NOTE: A vertical navigation direct-to (when part of a flight plan) creates a descent path (and provides
guidance to stay on the path) from the aircraft’s current altitude to the altitude of the direct-to waypoint. All
altitude constraints prior to the direct-to waypoint are removed from the active flight plan upon successful
activation of the vertical direct-to. All altitude constraints following the vertical direct-to waypoint are
retained. See the section on Vertical Navigation for more information regarding the use and purpose of
altitude constraints and offset distances.
Direct-To Waypoint
Identifier, Facility,
Symbol, City
VNV Altitude
Constraint
Waypoint Along Track
Offset Distance
Inset Map Showing
Direct-To Waypoint
Location
Bearing to Waypoint
from Present Position
Distance to Waypoint
from Present Position
Course to Waypoint
from Present Position
Activate Annunciation
Figure 5-21 MFD Direct to Window
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GPS NAVIGATION
The “direct-to” navigation feature provides a quick method of setting a GPS course to a destination waypoint.
Once a direct-to is activated, the G1000 establishes a point-to-point course line from the present position to the
selected direct-to destination. Course guidance is provided until the direct-to is cancelled or replaced by a new
destination.
SELECTING A DIRECT-TO WAYPOINT
A direct-to waypoint can be selected in the following ways:
• By identifier, facility, or the name of a city
• From the active flight plan or nearest airports list
• From a waypoint field, waypoint page, or highlight shortcut
Selecting and activating a direct-to destination by entering an identifier:
1) Press the Direct-to (
) Key.
2) Enter the destination waypoint identifier (Figure 5-22).
Figure 5-22 Entering an Identifier
3) Press the ENT Key to confirm the identifier. The ‘Activate?’ field is highlighted (Figure 5-23).
Activate Field
Figure 5-23 Activate Field
4) If no altitude constraint or course is desired, press the ENT Key to activate. To enter an altitude constraint,
proceed to step 5.
5) Turn the large FMS Knob to place the cursor over the ‘VNV’ altitude field (Figure 5-24).
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VNV Altitude
Constraint Field
Figure 5-24 Entering a Direct-to Altitude Constraint
6) Enter the desired altitude.
7) Press the ENT Key. The option to select MSL or AGL is now displayed.
Offset
Distance
Figure 5-25 Entering an Along Track Offset Distance
8) Turn the small FMS Knob to select ‘MSL’ or ‘AGL’.
9) Press the ENT Key. The cursor is now flashing in the VNV offset distance field.
10) Enter the desired distance before (-) or after (+) the along track offset waypoint.
11) Press the ENT Key. The ‘Activate?’ field is highlighted.
12) Press the ENT Key to activate.
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GPS NAVIGATION
CLEARING VERTICAL CONSTRAINTS
Figure 5-26 Clear Vertical Constraints
Clearing a vertical constraint:
1) Press the Direct-to Key to display the Direct-to Window.
2) Press the MENU Key. With ‘Clear Vertical Constraints’ highlighted (Figure 5-26), press the ENT Key.
In addition to selecting a destination by an identifier, the Direct-to Window also allows the selection of
airports, VORs and NDBs by facility or city name (Figure 5-27).
Figure 5-27 Entering a Facility Name
Selecting a direct-to destination by facility or the name of a city:
1) Press the Direct-to Key. The Direct-to Window is displayed with the waypoint identifier field highlighted.
2) Highlight the facility or city name field.
3) Enter the facility or city location of the desired waypoint. If duplicate entries exist for the entered facility or city
name, additional entries can be viewed by turning the small FMS Knob during the selection process.
4) Press the ENT Key to confirm the selected waypoint.
5) Press the ENT Key to activate a direct-to.
Any waypoint contained in the flight plan can be selected as a direct-to destination from the Direct-to Waypoint
Window when navigating an active flight plan.
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SPECIFYING A COURSE TO A WAYPOINT
When navigating a direct-to, the G1000 sets a direct great circle course to the selected destination. The course
to a destination can also be manually selected using the course field (‘COURSE’) on the Direct-to Waypoint
Window.
Figure 5-28 Entering a Direct-to Course
Manually selecting a direct-to course:
1) Press the Direct-to Key. The Direct-to Window is displayed with the destination field highlighted.
2) Highlight the course field.
3) Enter the desired course (Figure 5-28).
4) Press the ENT Key twice to begin navigation using the selected destination and course.
5) To reselect a direct course from the present position (or select a new manually defined course) press the
Direct-to Key. Press the ENT Key twice.
CANCELING DIRECT-TO NAVIGATION
Once a direct-to is activated, the G1000 provides navigation guidance to the selected destination until the
direct-to is either replaced with a new direct-to or flight plan, cancelled, or when the G1000 is powered off.
Figure 5-29 Cancel Direct-to Option
Cancelling a direct-to:
1) Press the Direct-to Key to display the Direct-to Window. Press the MENU Key.
2) With ‘Cancel Direct-To NAV’ highlighted (Figure 5-29), press the ENT Key. If a flight plan is still active, the
G1000 resumes navigating the flight plan along the closest leg.
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DIRECT-TO NAVIGATION SHORTCUTS
A direct-to can be performed from any page displaying a single waypoint identifier (such as the waypoint
pages for airports and NAVAIDS) by simply pressing the Direct-to Key and the ENT Key. For pages that
display a list of waypoints (e.g., the Nearest Airport Page), the desired waypoint must be highlighted with the
cursor before pressing the Direct-to Key.
Direct-to destinations may also be selected from the Navigation Map Page by panning to the desired destination
location, pressing the Direct-to Key, and then the ENT Key twice. If no airport, NAVAID or user waypoint
exists at the desired location, a temporary waypoint named ‘MAPWPT’ is automatically created at the location
of the Map Pointer.
Bearing and Distance to
Map Waypoint
(MAPWPT)
Direct-to waypoint
displayed on the
Navigation Map
Figure 5-30 Direct-to Shortcut
Selecting a direct-to destination from the Navigation Map Page:
1) From the Navigation Map Page, press the Joystick to display the Map Pointer.
2) Move the Joystick to place the Map Pointer at the desired destination location.
3) If the Map Pointer is placed on an existing airport, NAVAID, or user waypoint, the waypoint name is
highlighted.
4) Press the ENT Key twice to navigate to the waypoint.
5) If the Map Pointer is placed on an open location, press the Direct-to Key.
6) Press the ENT Key twice to create a ‘MAPWPT’ waypoint and then navigate to it.
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DIRECT-TO NAVIGATION SHORTCUTS USING THE FMS KNOB
Select a Direct-to Destination to a Flight Plan Waypoint
1) While navigating an active flight plan, press the Direct-to (
) Key.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to the left to display a list of flight plan waypoints as shown in Figure 5-31.
Figure 5-31 Flight Plan Waypoint List (MFD)
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the desired waypoint.
4) Press the ENT Key. The cursor is now displayed on ‘ACTIVATE?’.
5) Press ENT again to activate a Direct-to.
Select a Direct-to Destination to a Nearest Airport
1) Press the Direct-to (
) Key.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to the left. Initially, a flight plan waypoint list is displayed as in Figure 5-32. The list
is populated only when navigating a flight plan.
Figure 5-32 Nearest Airport List (MFD)
3) Turn the small FMS Knob to the right to display the ‘NRST’ airports to the aircraft’s current position.
4) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the desired airport.
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5) Press the ENT Key. The cursor is now displayed on ‘ACTIVATE?’.
6) Press ENT again to activate a Direct-to.
Select a Direct-to Destination to a Recently Entered Identifier
1) Press the Direct-to (
) Key.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to the left. Initially, a flight plan waypoint list is displayed as in Figure 5-33. The list
is populated only when navigating a flight plan.
Figure 5-33 Recently Entered Waypoints List (MFD)
3) Turn the small FMS Knob to the right to display the ‘RECENT’ waypoints as shown in Figure 5-33.
4) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the desired airport.
5) Press the ENT Key. The cursor is now displayed on ‘ACTIVATE?’.
6) Press ENT again to activate a Direct-to.
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5.6 DIRECT-TO-NAVIGATION (PFD)
NOTE: Section 5.3 describes the PFD Inset Map and PFD Windows. It is recommended that the user read this
section before beginning GPS navigation operations on the PFD.
9
6
1
2
3
7
4
8
5
Figure 5-34 PFD Direct-to Window
1
Identifier
6
City and State
2
Facility Name
7
Along Track Offset
3
VNV Altitude Constraint
8
Distance to Waypoint
4
Bearing From Waypoint
9
Waypoint Symbol
5
Course to Selected
Waypoint
OPERATIONS
A direct-to waypoint can be selected in the following ways:
• By identifier, waypoint location or facility name
• From a list of waypoints in the active flight plan
• From a list of 25 nearest airports
The PFD Direct-to window is enabled and disabled by pressing the Direct-to Key (
selected waypoint displays the information shown in Figure 5-34.
). The currently
Direct-to Navigation from the PFD:
1) Select the Direct-to Key (
).
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to place the cursor in the desired selection field.
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3) Turn the small FMS Knob to begin selecting the desired identifier, location, etc.
4) Press the ENT Key.
5) The cursor is now flashing on ‘ACTIVATE?’. If no altitude constraint or course is desired, press the ENT Key to
activate. To enter an altitude constraint, proceed to step 6.
6) Turn the large FMS Knob to place the cursor over the ‘VNV’ altitude field.
Altitude Constraint
Figure 5-35 Entering Altitude Constraint
7) Turn the small FMS Knob to enter the desired VNV altitude.
Altitude Label
Figure 5-36 Selecting Altitude Mode
8) Press the ENT Key. The option to select MSL or AGL is now displayed.
9) Turn the small FMS Knob to select ‘MSL’ or ‘AGL’.
10) Press the ENT Key. The cursor is placed in the ‘VNV’ offset distance field.
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Offset Value
Figure 5-37 Entering Offset Value
11) Turn the small FMS Knob to enter the desired target altitude offset from the selected Direct-to.
12) Press the ENT Key to highlight ‘Activate?’ or turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the ‘COURSE’ field.
13) Turn the small FMS Knob to enter the desired course to the waypoint.
14) Press the ENT Key to highlight ‘ACTIVATE?’.
15) Press the ENT again to activate the Direct-to.
Selecting a direct-to by city or facility name:
1) Press the Direct-to Key.
2) Highlight the city field (to the right of the identifier) or facility field (directly below the identifier) field.
3) Enter the city (to the right of the identifier field) or the facility (directly below the identifier field).
4) Once the desired city or facility name is displayed, press the ENT Key to confirm the selection.
5) Press the ENT Key to activate the direct-to.
Selecting a direct-to from a list of waypoints in an active flight plan:
1) Press the Direct-to Key.
2) Highlight the FPL field.
3) Turn the small FMS Knob to display a selection window showing all waypoints in the active flight plan.
4) Scroll through the list and highlight the desired waypoint.
5) Press the ENT Key twice to activate the direct-to.
Selecting a direct-to from the nearest airports list:
1) Press the Direct-to Key.
2) Highlight the NRST field.
3) Turn the small FMS Knob to display a selection window showing the 25 nearest airports.
4) Scroll through the list and highlight the desired airport.
5) Press the ENT Key twice to activate the direct-to.
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Selecting a specific course to a waypoint:
1) Press the Direct-to Key.
2) Enter the desired destination waypoint.
3) Press the ENT Key.
4) Highlight the ‘CRS’ field.
5) Enter the desired course.
6) Press the ENT Key twice to activate the direct-to using the selected course to the destination.
Clearing vertical constraints:
1) Press the Direct-to Key.
2) Press the MENU Key to display the Direct-to Menu.
3) Select ‘Clear Vertical Constraints’ (Figure 5-38). Press the ENT Key.
Figure 5-38 Clear Vertical Constraints Menu Option
Cancelling a direct-to:
1) Press the Direct-to Key.
2) Press the MENU Key to display the Direct-to Menu.
3) Press the ENT Key to cancel direct-to navigation. If a flight plan is still active, the G1000 resumes navigating
the flight plan along the closest leg of flight.
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5.7 AIRPORT INFORMATION (MFD)
1
6
2
3
7
4
8
5
9
10
Figure 5-39 Airport Information Page
1
Identifier
6
Facility Name
2
Location
7
Elevation
3
Region
8
Available Fuel Type
4
Position
9
Runway Information
5
UTC
10 COM and NAV Frequencies
Selecting the Airport Information Page (Figure 5-39):
1) Select the ‘WPT’ page group.
2) Select the first rectangular page icon.
Selecting an airport by identifier, facility name, or city location:
1) With the Airport Information Page displayed, press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
2) Select the identifier, facility name or city location field.
3) Enter the desired identifier, facility name, or city location. Press the ENT Key.
4) To remove the flashing cursor, press the FMS Knob.
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As an identifier, facility name or location is entered, the G1000’s Spell’N’Find™ feature scrolls through the
database, displaying those waypoints matching the characters which have been entered to that point. If duplicate
entries exist for the entered facility name or location, additional entries may be viewed by continuing to turn
the small FMS Knob during the selection process. If duplicate entries exist for an entered identifier, a duplicate
waypoint appears once you select the identifier (Figure 5-40).
Figure 5-40 Duplicate Waypoints
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Loading a frequency in the standby COM or NAV window:
1) With the Airport Information Page displayed, press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
2) Move the cursor to the Frequencies Box.
3) Turn the FMS Knob to scroll through the list, placing the cursor on the desired frequency. If a listed frequency
has additional information for the pilot to view, the frequency is preceded by an info (‘i’) designation. Press the
ENT Key to view the information. The following may be displayed with the frequency:
• ‘TX’ – transmit only
• ‘RX’ – receive only
• ‘PT’ – part time frequency
• ‘i’ – additional information exists, press the ENT Key
4) Press the ENT Key to place the selected frequency in the standby field of the COM or NAV window.
5) Press the FMS Knob to remove the cursor.
The Airport Frequencies field uses the descriptions and abbreviations listed in Table 5-2:
Communication
Frequencies Which
May Include Additional
Information
Approach
Arrival
Class B
Class C
CTA
Departure
TMA
Terminal
TRSA
Communication Frequencies
Without Additional
Information
Navigation
Frequencies
ATIS
ASOS
AWOS
Center
Clearance
Gate
Control
Ground
Helicopter
Multicom
Pre-Taxi
Radar
Ramp
Other
Tower
Unicom
ILS
LOC
Table 5-2 Frequency Descriptions and Abbreviations
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Figure 5-41 Viewing a Restriction
Loading a pilot control lighting frequency into selected COM standby frequency:
1) With the Airport Information Page displayed, press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
2) Move the cursor to the ‘PCL FREQ’ field in the Runways Window.
3) Press the ENT Key to place the PCL frequency in the standby field of the COM window.
4) Press the FMS Knob to remove the cursor.
The airport runway information field displays runway designations, length, surface type and lighting for
the selected airport. A map image of the runway layout and surrounding area is also displayed on the Airport
Information Page. The map image range is displayed in the lower left corner and is adjustable using the
joystick. For airports with multiple runways, information for each runway is available.
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Displaying information for each additional runway:
1) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
2) Place the cursor on the runway designation field.
3) Turn the small FMS Knob to display the next runways for the selected airport.
4) Select the desired runway.
5) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
6) Turn the Joystick counterclockwise to select a lower range and rotate it clockwise to select a higher range.
The following descriptions and abbreviations are used on the airport runway information box:
• Type – Usage type: Public, Military, or Private
• Surface – Runway surface types include: Hard, Turf, Sealed, Gravel, Dirt, Soft, Unknown, or Water
• Lighting – Runway lighting types include: No Lights, Part Time, Full Time, Unknown, or Frequency (for
pilot-controlled lighting)
Selecting a runway:
1) With the Airport Information Page displayed, press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
2) Place the cursor on the ‘RUNWAYS’ identifier field.
3) Turn the small FMS Knob to display the next runway for the selected airport. Continue turning the small FMS
Knob to select the desired runway.
4) To remove the flashing cursor, press the FMS Knob.
Creating user waypoints via the Airport Information Page Map:
1) With the Airport Information Page displayed, push the Joystick to activate the panning function. The target
pointer is displayed at the center of the map.
2) After placing the pointer at the desired position, press the ENT Key. The User Waypoint Information Page is now
displayed with the captured position.
3) Enter a waypoint name.
4) Press the ENT Key to accept the selected name. The first reference waypoint field is highlighted.
5) If desired, enter the identifier of the reference waypoint and the radial and distance to the reference waypoint.
6) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
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5.8 INTERSECTION INFORMATION (MFD)
NOTE: The VOR displayed on the Intersection Information Page is the nearest VOR, not necessarily the VOR
used to define the intersection.
The Intersection Information Page displays the following intersection information:
• Map of surrounding area
• Identifier
• Country and/or region (e.g. “N CEN USA”)
• Position
• Nearest VOR (e.g. identifier, symbol, radial angle, distance)
• Cyan triangular intersection symbol
Identifier
Country and/
or Region
Position
Nearest VOR;
Identifier, Symbol,
Radial Angle,
Distance
Figure 5-42 Intersection Information Page
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The Intersection Information page allows the pilot to select an Intersection by selecting an identifier.
Selecting an Intersection by identifier:
1) With the Intersection Information Page displayed, press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
2) Enter a name for the identifier.
3) Press the ENT Key.
4) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
5.9 NDB INFORMATION (MFD)
The NDB Information Page displays the following NDB information (Figure 5-43):
• Map of surrounding area
• Identifier
• Name
• City and/or State
• Facility name
• Position
• Frequency
• Nearest airport (e.g. identifier, symbol, bearing, distance)
• NDB symbol, depending on type (see the appendices for NDB and LOM symbols)
• Marker description
Selecting the NDB Information Page:
1) Select the WPT page group.
2) Select the third rectangular page icon.
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NDB Identifier, Symbol,
Name, and Nearest City
NDB Type, General
Location, and Position
NDB Frequency
Nearest Airport;
identifier, symbol, bearing,
distance
Figure 5-43 NDB Information Page
Selecting a specific NDB:
1) With the NDB Information Page displayed, press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
2) Highlight the desired selection field (identifier, name or closest city).
3) Enter an identifier, name or city.
4) Press the ENT Key.
5) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
If duplicate identifiers occur, a Duplicate Waypoints Menu pops up, from which the desired waypoint can
be selected. When scrolling through the closest cites list to select an NDB, a city may appear more than once,
depending on the number of NDBs near it.
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5.10 VOR INFORMATION (MFD)
The following VOR Information is displayed on the MFD using the VOR information page (Figure 5-44):
• Map of surrounding area
• Identifier
• Name
• City/state
• Facility name
• Position
• Frequency
• Nearest airport (e.g. identifier, symbol, bearing, distance)
• Magnetic variation at VOR location
• VOR symbol, depending on type (VOR, VOR/DME, VOR/ILS, VORTAC, and TACAN) VOR class (e.g. LOW
ALTITUDE, HIGH ALTITUDE, TERMINAL)
VOR Identifier,
Symbol, Type, Name,
City and State
Magnetic Variation,
General Location, and
Position
VOR Frequency
VOR Map Location
Nearest Airport;
Identifier, Symbol,
Bearing, Distance
Figure 5-44 VOR Information Page
Selecting the VOR Information Page:
1) Select the WPT page group.
2) Select the fourth rectangular page icon.
The VOR Information page allows the following operations:
• Selecting a VOR by identifier
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• Selecting a VOR by name
• Selecting a VOR by city
• Selecting and loading of frequency into standby navigation box
• Returning to the previous page
Selecting a VOR by Identifier, Name, or City:
1) With the VOR Information Page displayed, press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
2) Highlight the desired selection field (identifier, name or closest city).
3) Enter an identifier, name or city.
4) Press the ENT Key.
5) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
Selecting and loading a VOR frequency:
1) With the Nearest VOR Page displayed, select the FREQ Softkey to highlight the VOR frequency in the ‘FREQUENCY’
field.
2) Press the ENT Key. The selected VOR frequency is placed in the NAV standby frequency box.
3) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
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5.11 USER WAYPOINT INFORMATION (MFD)
Selecting the User WPT Information Page (Figure 5-45):
1) Select the NRST page group.
2) Select the fifth rectangular page icon.
User Waypoint
Name and Symbol
Comment
Information
Reference Waypoints
Map of Surrounding
Area/User Waypoint
Location and Symbol
User Waypoint List
Number of
Waypoint Slots
Used/Avaialble
Figure 5-45 User Waypoint Information Page
User waypoints may be created from the User Waypoint Information Page or the Navigation Map Page.
To create a new user waypoint from the User Waypoint Information Page, enter the name (identifier) and
position, or reference another waypoint by radial and distance.
Creating a new user waypoint:
1) With the User Waypoint Information Page displayed, press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
2) Enter a name for the new waypoint.
3) Press the ENT Key. The message ‘Are you sure you want to create the new user waypoint’ is displayed.
4) With ‘YES’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
5) Highlight the latitude/longitude field or the reference waypoints field, depending on how the waypoint is to be
defined.
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6) Enter the position coordinates or the radial and distance from the reference waypoint.
7) Press the ENT Key to accept the new waypoint.
8) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
Creating user waypoints from the Navigation Map Page:
1) With the Navigation Map Page displayed, push the Joystick to activate the panning function. The Map Pointer
is displayed at the present aircraft position.
2) After placing the pointer at the desired position, press the ENT Key. The User Waypoint Information Page is now
displayed with the captured position.
3) Enter a waypoint name.
4) Press the ENT Key to accept the selected name. The first reference waypoint field is highlighted.
5) If desired, enter the identifier of the reference waypoint and the radial and distance to the reference waypoint.
6) Press the ENT Key to accept.
7) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
Modifying a user waypoint:
1) With the User Waypoint Information Page displayed, press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
2) Move the cursor to the desired field.
3) Turn the small FMS Knob to make changes.
4) Press the ENT Key to accept the changes.
5) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
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Deleting a user waypoint:
1) Select the User Waypoint Information Page.
2) Press the MENU Key to display the User Waypoint Information Page options menu.
3) Select ‘Delete User Waypoint’.
4) Press the ENT Key. The message ‘Would you like to delete the user waypoint’ is displayed.
5) With ‘YES’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
4) Press the ENT Key.
OR:
1) Select the DELETE Softkey.
2) Press the ENT Key. The message ‘Would you like to delete the user waypoint’ is displayed.
3) With ‘YES’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
4) Press the ENT Key.
Deleting all user waypoints:
1) Select the User Waypoint Information Page.
2) Press the MENU Key.
3) Select ‘Delete All User Waypoints’
4) Press the ENT Key. A confirmation windows is displayed.
5) Press the ENT Key to accept ‘YES’ or highlight ‘NO’.
6) Press the ENT Key.
‘Present Position’ when selected moves the currently selected user waypoint to the present position of the
aircraft. The user waypoint is set to the airplane’s position at the time when the option was selected.
Moving the currently selected user waypoint to the present position of the aircraft:
1) Select the User Waypoint Information Page and press the MENU Key.
2) Ensure waypoint is selected.
3) Select ‘Use Present Position’.
4) Press the ENT Key.
5) Highlight the position and press the ENT Key.
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‘Auto Comment’, when selected, overwrites the currently selected user waypoint comment with an
automatically generated comment. Auto comments are in the same format as comments that are generated
for user waypoints that have not specified unique user waypoint comments. The auto comment can be one
of three styles:
• REF1BRG1 / DIS1 - if the user waypoint position is defined by a reference 1 waypoint radial and distance
(this is generally the default case, but the default case could also be the blank case if there are no reference
waypoints near the user waypoints position.
• REF1BRG1 / REF2BRG2 - if the user waypoint position is defined by a reference 1 waypoint radial and a
reference 2 waypoint radial
• BLANK - if no reference waypoints are near the user waypoints position
Overwriting the currently selected user waypoint’s comment with an automatically generated
comment:
1) Select the desired waypoint on the User Waypoint Information Page.
2) Press the MENU Key. Select ‘Auto Comment’.
3) Press the ENT Key.
‘Create New Waypoint’ creates a new user waypoint and ‘Delete User Waypoint’ deletes a user waypoint.
‘Rename User Waypoint’ renames a user waypoint.
Renaming a user waypoint:
1) Select the User Waypoint Information Page.
2) Press the MENU Key and select ‘Rename User Waypoint’
3) Press the ENT Key.
3) The user waypoint field is highlighted. Rename the user waypoint.
4) Press the ENT Key.
5) The message ‘Would you like to rename the user waypoint’ is displayed. Select ‘YES’ to rename the new user
waypoint.
OR:
1) Select the User Waypoint Information Page.
2) Select the RENAME Softkey.
3) The user waypoint field is highlighted. Rename the user waypoint.
4) Press the ENT Key.
5) The message ‘Would you like to rename the user waypoint’ is displayed. Select ‘YES’ to rename the new user
waypoint.
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5.12 NEAREST AIRPORTS (MFD)
Selecting the Nearest Airports Page (Figure 5-46):
1) Select the ‘NRST’ page group.
2) Select the first rectangular page icon.
Airport Identifier,
Symbol, Bearing to
the Airport from
Current Position, and
Distance (up to 25
airports within 200
nm of the current
position)
Nearest Selected
Airport Displayed on
Map
Airport Name,
Closest City,
Elevation
Length of Longest
Hard Surface Runway
(or soft surface, if no
hard surface runway
exists)
Primary
Communications
Frequency and Type
Most Precise
Approaches
Available
Figure 5-46 Nearest Airports Page
NEAREST AIRPORTS BOX
The Nearest Airports Box on the System Setup Page defines the minimum runway length and surface type
used when determining the nine nearest airports to display on the MFD Nearest Airports Page. A minimum
runway length and/or surface type can be entered to prevent airports with small runways or runways that are
not of appropriate surface from being displayed. Default settings are 0 feet (or meters) for runway length and
“any” for runway surface type.
Selecting nearest airport surface matching criteria (any, hard only, hard/soft, water):
1) Use the FMS Knob to select the System Setup Page.
2) Press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the runway surface field in the Nearest Airports Box.
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the desired runway option (any, hard only, hard/soft, water).
5) Press the ENT Key.
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Selecting nearest airport minimum runway length matching criteria:
1) Use the FMS Knob to select the System Setup Page.
2) Press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the minimum length field in the Nearest Airport Box.
4) Use the FMS Knob to enter the minimum runway length (zero to 99,999 feet) and press the ENT Key.
Selecting a nearest airport:
1) With the Nearest Airport Page displayed, press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
2) Turn the FMS Knob to select the desired nearest airport.
Accessing information for a specific airport:
1) With the Nearest Airports Page displayed, select the APT Softkey or press the FMS Knob to place the cursor in
the ‘NEAREST AIRPORTS’ field. The first airport in the nearest airports list is highlighted.
2) Press the FMS Knob.
3) Highlight the desired airport.
4) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
OR:
1) With the Nearest Airports Page displayed, press the MENU Key.
2) Select the option ‘Select Airport Window’ and press the ENT Key. The cursor is placed in the ‘NEAREST AIRPORTS’
field.
3) Highlight the desired airport.
4) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
Accessing runway information for the selected airport:
1) With the Nearest Airports Page displayed, select the RNWY Softkey to place the cursor in the ‘RUNWAYS’ field.
2) Select the desired runway.
3) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
OR:
1) With the Nearest Airports Page displayed, press the MENU Key.
2) Select the option ‘Select Runway Window’ and press the ENT Key. The cursor is placed in the ‘RUNWAYS’
field.
3) Select the desired runway.
4) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
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Quickly tuning the COM transceiver to a nearby airport frequency:
1) With the Nearest Airports Page displayed, select the FREQ Softkey to place the cursor in the ‘FREQUENCIES’
field.
2) Turn either FMS Knob to select the desired frequency.
3) Press the ENT Key. The selected frequency is placed in the COM standby frequency tuning box.
4) Press the Frequency Transfer Key to place the frequency in the active field.
5) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
OR:
1) With the Nearest Airports Page displayed, press the MENU Key.
2) Select the option ‘Select Frequency Window’ and press the ENT Key. The cursor is placed in the ‘FREQUENCIES’
field
3) Turn the FMS Knob to select the desired frequency.
4) Press the ENT Key. The selected frequency is placed in the COM standby frequency tuning box.
5) Press the Frequency Transfer Key to place the frequency in the active field.
6) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
Figure 5-47 ‘Select Frequency Window’ Option
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5.13 NEAREST INTERSECTIONS (MFD)
Selecting the Nearest Intersections Page (Figure 5-48):
1) Select the NRST page group. ‘NRST’ is displayed in the page group icon located in the lower right corner of the
display.
2) Select the Nearest Intersections Page, the second page in the group.
Figure 5-48 Nearest Intersections Page
Selecting a nearest intersection from the Nearest Intersections Page:
1) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
2) Select the desired intersection. The information on the Nearest Intersection Page pertains to the selected
intersection.
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5.14 NEAREST NDB (MFD)
Selecting the Nearest NDB Page (Figure 5-49):
1) Select the NRST page group. ‘NRST’ is displayed in the page group icon located in the lower right corner of the
display.
2) Select the Nearest NDB Page, the third page in the group.
NDB Identifier,
Symbol, Bearing,
Distance (within
200 nm of current
position)
Map of
Surrounding Area
Reference VOR
Name,
Symbol, Frequency,
Bearing, Distance
Nearest
Selected NDB
Symbol
NDB Frequency
Figure 5-49 Nearest NDB Page
Selecting an NDB from the Nearest NDB Page:
1) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
2) Select the desired NDB. The information on the Nearest NDB Page pertains to the selected NDB.
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5.15 NEAREST VOR (MFD)
Selecting the Nearest VOR Page (Figure 5-50):
1) Select the ‘NRST’ page group.
2) Select the fourth rectangular page icon.
Nearest
VOR Map
Symbology
VOR Identifier,
Symbol, Bearing,
Distance (within
200 nm of current
position)
Reference VOR
Name,
Closest City, Type,
Mag Variation,
Position
Selected VOR
Frequency
Figure 5-50 Nearest VOR Page
Selecting a nearest VOR:
1) With the Nearest VOR Page displayed, press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
2) Turn the FMS Knob to select the desired nearest VOR.
OR:
1) With the Nearest VOR Page displayed, select the VOR Softkey to place the cursor in the ‘NEAREST VOR’
window.
2)
Turn the FMS Knob to select a VOR.
3) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
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Selecting and loading a VOR frequency:
1) With the Nearest VOR Page displayed, press the FREQ Softkey to highlight the VOR frequency in the ‘FREQUENCY’
field.
2) Press the ENT Key. The selected VOR frequency is placed in the NAV Standby Frequency Box.
3) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
Accessing information for a specific VOR:
1) With the Nearest VOR Page displayed, press the MENU Key (Figure 5-51).
2) Select the option ‘Select VOR Window’ and press the ENT Key. The cursor is placed in the ‘NEAREST VOR’
field.
3) Highlight the desired VOR.
4) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
Figure 5-51 Nearest VOR Page Menu
OR:
1) With the Nearest VOR Page displayed, press the MENU Key.
2) Select the option ‘Select Frequency Window’ and press the ENT Key. The cursor is placed in the ‘FREQUENCY’
field.
3) Select the desired frequency.
4) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
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5.16 NEAREST USER WAYPOINT (MFD)
Selecting the Nearest User Waypoint Page (Figure 5-52):
1) Select the ‘NRST’ page group.
2) Select the fifth rectangular page icon.
Identifier,
Symbol,
Bearing,
and Distance
to the User
Waypoint
from the
current
position
(within 200
nm)
User Comment
and Location
(latitude and
longitude) 200
nm)
Reference
Waypoints
(see text)
Figure 5-52 Nearest User Waypoint Page
The User Waypoint Page (Figure 5-52) displays a list of up to the 25 nearest user waypoints that are within
200 nm. Each list item includes the identifier, icon, bearing and distance to the user waypoint from the current
position. An Map Pointer before the identifier indicates the selected user waypoint.
Up to eleven user waypoints are visible at a time. If more than eleven are available, there is an indication that
the list can be scrolled down and/or up. If less than eleven the unused area matches the background color and
the scroll bar is not be visible. If there are no user waypoints in the list, text indicating that there are no nearest
user waypoints is displayed.
Information about the selected user waypoint includes the user comment and location (latitude and longitude).
If there are no user waypoints, the user comment is blank and the position data is dashed.
Reference Waypoints for the selected user waypoint are those specified when the user waypoint was created.
If there is only one valid reference waypoint, the bearing and distance from the reference waypoint is stated
and the second reference waypoint information is dashed. If there are no user waypoints or no valid reference
waypoints, the reference waypoint fields are dashed.
If there are two valid reference waypoints, the bearings from the reference waypoints are stated and the first
reference waypoint’s distance field is dashed.
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A map of the currently selected user waypoint and surrounding data is displayed which at a minimum shows
the selected user waypoint and the current aircraft position. A line is drawn between the current position and
the selected user waypoint.
Selecting a nearest user waypoint:
1) With the Nearest User Waypoint Page displayed, select the FMS Knob to activate the cursor. If any previously
entered user waypoints are within 200 nm, these are displayed with the closest listed first.
2) Turn the FMS Knob to select the desired waypoint. The remaining information on the Nearest User Waypoint
Page pertains to the selected Nearest User Waypoint.
3) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
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5.17 NEAREST FREQUENCIES (MFD)
Selecting the Nearest Frequencies Page (Figure 5-53):
1) Select the ‘NRST’ page group.
2) Select the sixth rectangular page icon.
Nearest
ARTCC
Nearest FSS
Frequencies
Nearest WX
Frequencies
Figure 5-53 Nearest Frequencies Page
The Nearest Frequencies Page (Figure 5-53) displays a list of nearest ARTCCs. Only one ARTCC in the list
is viewable at any given time and the user is able to change the currently viewed ARTCC. For each ARTCC the
bearing, distance, and relevant frequencies are displayed. If there are more than two frequencies for any ARTCC
then they are displayed inside of a scrollable list box with only two visible at any given time.
A list of nearest FSSs is displayed with only one FSS in the list viewable at any given time and the user is able
to change the currently viewed FSS. For each FSS the bearing, distance, and relevant frequencies are displayed.
If there is a NAV frequency for the given FSS then it is displayed in the list with its corresponding identifier so
as to differentiate it from COM frequencies. If there are more than two frequencies of any type for a certain FSS
then they are displayed inside of a scrollable list box with only two visible at any given time.
A list of nearest weather stations is displayed in a scrollable list box with a maximum of eight stations viewable
at any time. Each line displays the call letters, type, and frequency of the given weather station.
A map of the currently selected item (ARTCC, FSS or weather station) and surrounding data, is displayed with
a line between it and the current position. If there is no database loaded or if there are no stations in range, then
any or all of the lists may be empty with the display indicating as such.
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Selecting a nearest ARTCC and frequency:
1) With the Nearest Frequencies Page displayed, press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the desired nearest ARTCC.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the desired ARTCC frequency.
4) Press the ENT Key to load the frequency into the COM frequency standby field.
OR:
1) With the Nearest ARTCC Page displayed, select the ARTCC Softkey to place the cursor in the ‘NEAREST ARTCC’
window.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the desired nearest ARTCC.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the desired ARTCC frequency.
4) Press the ENT Key to load the frequency into the COM frequency standby field.
OR:
1) With the Nearest Frequencies Page displayed, press the MENU Key (Figure 5-54).
2) Select the option ‘Select ARTCC Window’ and press the ENT Key. The cursor is placed in the ‘NEAREST ARTCC’
field.
3) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the desired nearest ARTCC.
4) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the desired ARTCC frequency.
5) Press the ENT Key to load the frequency into the COM frequency standby field.
Figure 5-54 Nearest Frequencies Page Menu
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Selecting a nearest FSS and frequency:
1) With the Nearest ARTCC Page displayed, select the FSS Softkey to place the cursor in the ‘NEAREST FSS’
window.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the desired nearest FSS.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the desired FSS frequency.
4) Press the ENT Key to load the frequency into the COM frequency standby field.
OR:
1) With the Nearest ARTCC Page displayed, press the MENU Key.
2) Select the option ‘Select FSS Window’ and press the ENT Key. The cursor is placed in the ‘NEAREST FSS’
window.
3) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the desired nearest FSS.
4) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the desired FSS frequency.
5) Press the ENT Key to load the FSS frequency into the COM frequency standby field.
Selecting a nearest weather frequency:
1) With the Nearest Frequencies Page displayed, select the WX Softkey to highlight the frequency in the ‘WX
FREQUENCY’ field.
2) Turn the FMS Knob to select the desired weather frequency.
3) Press the ENT Key. The selected weather frequency is placed in the COM standby frequency field.
4) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
OR:
1) With the Nearest ARTCC Page displayed, press the MENU Key.
2) Select the option ‘Select WX Window’ and press the ENT Key. The cursor is placed in the ‘NEAREST WX
window.
3) Turn the FMS Knob to select the desired nearest WX frequency.
4) Press the ENT Key to load the WX frequency into the COM frequency standby field.
5) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
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5.18 NEAREST AIRSPACES (MFD)
The G1000 displays as many as nine controlled or special use airspaces (three at the most at one time) near
or in the flight path. The airspace name, class, controlling agency, vertical limits and associated frequencies are
displayed for the selected airspace.
NOTE: Softkeys and page menu options are the method for the user to switch between the airspace alerts
box and the frequencies box, with the airspace alerts box being the default. The selection of these options
are mutually exclusive and only one list is actively selectable at any given time. The ALERTS softkey is
always displayed. If the ALERTS softkey is selected then the airspace alerts box becomes active and open
to user selection.
Airspace Alerts
Airspace Type and
Controlling Agency
The Ceiling and Floor
Altitudes (vertical
limits)
Associated
Frequencies for the
currently selected
Airspace Alert
Figure 5-55 Nearest Airspaces Window
Selecting and viewing an Airspace Alert with its associated information:
1) Select the Nearest Airspace Page by selecting the ‘NRST;’ page group and then select the seventh page in the
group.
2) Select the ALERTS Softkey to place the cursor in the ‘AIRSPACE ALERTS’ box (Figure 5-55).
3) Select the desired airspace.
4) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
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OR:
1) With the Nearest Airspace Page displayed, press the MENU Key.
2) Highlight ‘Select Alerts Window’.
3) Press the ENT Key. The cursor is placed in the ‘AIRSPACE ALERTS’ Box.
4) Select the desired airspace.
5) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
OR:
1) With the Nearest Airspace Page displayed, press the FMS Knob. The cursor is placed in the ‘AIRSPACE ALERTS’
Box.
2) Select the desired airspace.
3) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
GENERAL NOTES ON AIRSPACE ALERTS
Once an airspace alert has been selected, associated information concerning the specific airspace is provided.
The information includes Airspace Name, Status, and Time to Entry. The status and time to entry (if applicable)
are based on the following conditions:
• If the projected course takes the aircraft inside an airspace within the next ten minutes, the status field shows
the airspace as ‘Ahead’.
• If the aircraft is within two nautical miles of an airspace and the current course takes the aircraft inside, the
status field shows the airspace as ‘Ahead < 2 nm’.
• If the aircraft is within two nautical miles of an airspace and the current course does not take the aircraft
inside, the status field shows ‘Within 2 nm’.
• If the aircraft has entered an airspace, the status field shows ‘Inside’.
The airspace alerts are based on three-dimensional data (latitude, longitude, and altitude) to avoid nuisance
alerts. The alert boundaries for controlled airspace are also sectored to provide complete information on any
nearby airspace. Once the described conditions exists, the status and time of entry is shown if the airspace alert
messages are enabled on the System Setup Page The Airspace Alerts Box allows the pilot to turn the controlled/
special-use airspace message alerts on or off. This does not affect the alerts listed on the Nearest Airspaces Page
or the airspace boundaries depicted on the Navigation Map Page. It simply turns on/off the warning provided
when the aircraft is approaching or near an airspace. Alerts for the following airspaces can be turned on/off in
the Airspace Alerts Box:
• Class B/TMA
• Class C/TCA
• Class D
• Restricted
• MOA (Military)
• Other airspaces
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An altitude buffer is also provided which “expands” the vertical range above or below an airspace. For
example, if the buffer is set at 500 feet, and the aircraft is more than 500 feet above/below an airspace, an alert
message will not be generated, but if the aircraft is less than 500 feet above/below an airspace and projected to
enter it, the pilot is notified with an alert message. The default setting for the altitude buffer is 200 feet.
Changing the altitude buffer distance setting:
1) Use the FMS Knob to select the AUX - System Setup Page.
2) Press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the altitude buffer field in the Airspace Alerts Box.
4) Use the FMS Knob to enter an altitude buffer value and press the ENT Key.
Turning an airspace alert on or off:
1) Use the FMS Knob to select the AUX - System Setup Page.
2) Press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the desired field in the Airspace Alerts Box.
4) Turn the small FMS Knob clockwise to turn the airspace alert ON or counterclockwise to turn the alert OFF.
At most three airspace alerts are displayed at any given time. The user can change the airspace alerts that are
currently visible. For each airspace alert the name of the airspace, the proximity status (Inside, Ahead < 2nm,
Ahead, Within 2nm), and the time until the current path of the aircraft intercepts the airspace (only when the
airspace is Ahead, or Ahead < 2nm, otherwise “__:__:__” is used) is displayed. If there are more than three
airspace alerts they are displayed in a scrollable list box with only three visible at one time.
AIRSPACE TYPE AND CONTROLLING AGENCY
The following types of airspaces (information shown in the Airspace Agency Box, Figure 5-46) are on the
Nearest Airspaces Page:
• ICAO control area
• Training area
• Mode C tower area
• Unknown area
• Alert area
• Warning area
• Caution area
• Class B airspaces
• Danger area
• Class C airspaces
• Prohibited area
• Class D airspaces
• Restricted area
• MOA airspaces
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The Vertical Limits Box displays the floor and ceiling limits of the airspace alert. The following are examples of
what may appear as vertical limits for an airspace:
• 5000 ft MSL (5,000 feet mean sea level)
• 5000 ft AGL (5,000 feet above ground level)
• MSL (at mean sea level)
• NOTAM (see Notice to Airmen)
• Unknown
• Unlimited
• See Chart
• Surface
NOTE: All airspace alerts, except for prohibited areas, may be turned on or off from the System Setup Page.
An altitude buffer is also provided on the System Setup Page to provide an extra margin of safety above or
below the published limits. See the System Overview Section for additional details.
The Vertical Limits Box section displays the floor and ceiling limits of the airspace alert. The following are
examples of what may appear as vertical limits for an airspace:
• 5,000 ft MSL (5,000 feet mean sea level)
• 5,000 ft AGL (5,000 feet above ground level)
• MSL (at mean sea level)
• Notam (see Notice to Airmen)
• Unknown
• Unlimited
• See Chart
• Surface
Selecting and quickly tuning an associated frequency for the currently selected airspace alert:
1) Select the Nearest Airspaces Page.
2) Press the FREQ Softkey.
3) Select the desired frequency.
4) Press the ENT Key to load the frequency into the COM frequency standby field.
5) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
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OR:
1) Select the Nearest Airspaces Page.
2) Press the MENU Key.
3) Highlight ‘Select Frequency Window’.
4) Press the ENT Key.
5) Select the desired frequency.
6) Press the ENT Key to load the frequency into the COM frequency standby field.
7) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
GENERAL NOTES ON ASSOCIATED FREQUENCIES
For each frequency the frequency type (ATIS, Ground, Tower, ILS, etc.) and the frequency are displayed on
the same list row. For a frequency which has a “frequency information page”, an “i” symbol is displayed on the
list row between the frequency type and the frequency. If there are more than three frequencies for an airport
waypoint index then they are displayed in a scrollable list box with only three visible at a time.
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5.19 NEAREST AIRPORTS (PFD)
The Nearest Airports window on the PFD displays the 25 nearest airports along with the information shown in
Figure 5-56:
Airport Symbol
Distance From
Nearest Airport
Identifier
Best Approach
Available
Primary Com
Frequency
Bearing
To Nearest
Airport
Figure 5-56 Nearest Airports Window
Length of Longest Hard
Surface Runway
(or soft surface if no hard
runway exists)
OPERATIONS
The Nearest Airports Window is enabled and disabled by selecting the NRST Softkey. From the Nearest
Airports Window, information for a selected airport can be viewed, the active primary communications frequency
can be selected, and direct-to navigation can be activated.
Airport Identifier
Airport Symbol
Facility Name
City, State
Airport Usage Type (e.g.
public, private, military,
heliport)
Elevation
Region
Fuel Types Available (AV
Gas, Jet)
Position Field
UTC Time
Figure 5-57 Airport Information Window
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Viewing information about an airport:
1) Select the NRST Softkey to display a list of the nearest airports.
2) Select the desired airport.
3) Press the ENT Key.
4) The airport information is displayed with ‘BACK’ highlighted at the bottom of the window (Figure 5-58).
5) When finished viewing the airport information, press the ENT Key to return to the nearest airports list.
Activating a direct-to:
From the Nearest Airports Window, highlight the desired airport, then press the Direct-to Key. The Direct-to
Window appears. Press the ENT Key twice to activate.
Airport Identifier
Airport Symbol
Facility Name
City, State
Altitude Constraint
Along Track Offset
Bearing to
Direct-to
Waypoint
Distance to
Direct-to
Waypoint
Course Field
Figure 5-58 Airport Information Window
Selecting a COM frequency:
From the Nearest Airports Window, highlight the desired frequency, then press the ENT Key. The frequency is
placed in the standby COM frequency field in the COM Tuning Box.
COM Frequency
Figure 5-59 COM Frequency
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5.20 FLIGHT PLANNING (MFD)
FLIGHT PLANNING OPERATIONS
Creating a new flight plan:
1) From the Flight Plan Catalog Page, select the NEW Softkey. The Stored Flight Plan Page is displayed with a
blank field for the first empty storage location.
2) Enter the identifier, facility, or city name of the departure waypoint (Figure 5-60).
Stored Flight Plan Page
Entering an Identifier
Figure 5-60 Creating a Flight Plan
3) Press the ENT Key.
4) Enter the identifier for each additional flight plan waypoint.
5) Once all waypoints have been entered, press the FMS Knob to store the flight plan and return to the Flight Plan
Catalog Window.
OR:
1) Press the FPL Key.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to display the Flight Plan Catalog Window.
3) Press the MENU Key.
4) Highlight ‘Create New Flight Plan’.
5) Press the ENT Key. The Stored Flight Plan Page is displayed. A blank flight plan page is displayed for the first
empty storage location. Enter the identifier, facility, or city name of the departure waypoint and press the ENT
Key.
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6) Enter the identifier for each additional flight plan waypoint.
7) Once all waypoints have been entered, press the FMS Knob to store the flight plan and return to the Flight Plan
Catalog Window.
Viewing flight plan information:
1) Select the Flight Plan Catalog Page.
2) Highlight the desired flight plan from the list.
3) The Flight Plan Information is displayed showing departure, destination, total distance, and enroute safe altitude
information for the selected Flight Plan (Figure 5-61).
Direct-To Waypoint
Identifier, Facility, Symbol,
City
Departure Waypoint
Destination Waypoint
Total Flight Plan Distance
Enroute Safe Altitude
Figure 5-61 Flight Plan Information
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Adding a waypoint to a stored flight plan:
1) From the Flight Plan Catalog Page, press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
2) Highlight the desired flight plan.
3) Select the EDIT Softkey.
4) To add a waypoint to the flight plan, select the point in the plan where the new waypoint is to be added. If an
existing waypoint is highlighted, the new waypoint is placed directly in front of this waypoint.
5) Enter the identifier, facility, or city of the new waypoint.
6) Press the ENT Key. The new waypoint now exists in the flight plan.
OR:
1) From the Flight Plan Catalog Page, press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
2) Highlight the desired flight plan.
3) Press the ENT Key.
4) To add a waypoint to the flight plan, select the point in the plan where the new waypoint is to be added. If an
existing waypoint is highlighted, the new waypoint is placed directly in front of this waypoint.
5) Enter the identifier, facility, or city of the new waypoint.
6) Press the ENT Key. The new waypoint now exists in the flight plan.
Removing individual waypoints from the flight plan, except waypoints in the final approach
segment:
1) From the Active Flight Plan Window, select the waypoint that is to be deleted.
2) Press the CLR Key. A confirmation window is displayed listing the waypoint.
3) With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key. To cancel the removal request, highlight ‘CANCEL’ and press the ENT
Key.
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Figure 5-62 Confirmation Window
Switching waypoint data between leg-to-leg waypoint information and cumulative waypoint
information:
1) Press the FPL Key.
2) Select the CUM Softkey to view cumulative waypoint information or select the LEG-LEG Softkey to view leg-toleg waypoint information (Figure 5-63).
Flight Plan Cumulative
Distance
Figure 5-63 Flight Plan Displaying Cumulative Distance
Switching views between wide and narrow to show more or less leg data:
1) Press the FPL Key.
2) Select the WIDE Softkey to view additional leg data or select the NARROW Softkey to less leg data.
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Changing the flight plan title:
1) Press the FMS Knob from the Active Flight Plan Page.
2) Highlight the Flight Plan Title Field.
3) Turn the FMS Knobs to change/edit the title (Figure 5-66).
4) Press the ENT Key. Note that title only changes on the Active Flight Planning page, not the Flight Planning
Catalog page.
Figure 5-64 Flight Plan Title/Comment Field
‘Activate Leg’ selects the highlighted leg as the “active leg” (the flight plan leg which is currently used for
navigation guidance).
Activating a Flight Plan Leg:
1) From the Active Flight Plan Page, highlight the desired destination waypoint.
2) Select the ACT LEG Softkey. An ‘Activate’ window is displayed (Figure 5-65).
3) With ‘Activate’ highlighted, press the ENT Key. To cancel the operation, select ‘CANCEL’ and press the ENT
Key.
Figure 5-65 Activate Window
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OR:
1) From the Active Flight Plan Page, highlight the desired destination waypoint.
2) Press the MENU Key. Select ‘Activate Leg’ (Figure 5-66).
3) Press the ENT Key. An ‘Activate’ window is displayed.
4) With ‘Activate’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
Figure 5-66 Activate Leg Menu Option
Whenever an approach, departure, or arrival is loaded into the active flight plan, a set of approach, departure
or arrival waypoints is inserted into the flight plan along with a header line describing the instrument procedure
the pilot selected. The original enroute portion of the flight plan remains active (unless an instrument procedure
is activated) when the procedure is loaded.
Flight plans can also be stored with an approach, departure, or arrival. The active flight plan is erased when
the system is turned off and overwritten when another flight plan is activated. When storing flight plans with
an approach, departure or arrival, the G1000 uses the waypoint information from the current database to define
the waypoints. If the database is changed or updated, the G1000 automatically updates the information if the
procedure has not been modified. If an approach, departure or arrival procedure is no longer available, the
procedure is deleted from the flight plan and an alert is displayed.
Storing an active flight plan from the Active Flight Plan Window:
1) Press the MENU Key.
2) Highlight ‘Store Flight Plan’. Press the ENT Key.
3) With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key. The flight plan is stored in the next available position in the flight
plan list on the Flight Plan Catalog Page.
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Figure 5-67 Store Confirmation Window
After navigating along a flight plan, the route can be reversed for navigation guidance back to the original
departure waypoint.
Inverting and Activating a stored flight plan:
1) Highlight desired flight plan.
2) Select the INVERT Softkey from the Flight Plan Catalog Page. The ‘Invert and activate stored flight plan?’
Window is displayed.
3) With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key. To cancel the operation, highlight ‘CANCEL’ and press the ENT Key.
OR:
1) Select the FPL Key.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to display the Flight Plan Catalog Page.
3) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
4) Highlight the desired flight plan.
5) Press the MENU Key.
6) Highlight ‘Invert & Activate FPL’.
7) Press the ENT Key. The ‘Invert and activate stored flight plan?’ Window is displayed.
8) With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key. To cancel the operation, highlight ‘CANCEL’ and press the ENT Key.
‘Closest Point of FPL’ calculates the bearing and closest distance at which a flight plan passes from a reference
waypoint. It can also be used to create a new user waypoint along the flight plan at the location closest to a
chosen reference waypoint.
Determining the closest point along the active flight plan to a selected waypoint:
1) From the Active Flight Plan page, press the MENU.
2) Select ‘Closest Point of FPL’.
3) Press the ENT Key. A window is displayed with the reference waypoint field highlighted.
4) Enter the identifier of the reference waypoint.
5) Press the ENT Key.
6) The G1000 displays the location, lat/lon, bearing (BRG), and distance (DIST) to the closest point along the flight
plan from the selected reference waypoint. To create a user waypoint at this location and add it to the flight
plan, highlight ‘LOAD’ and press the ENT Key. The name for the new user waypoint is derived from the identifier
of the reference waypoint.
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Copying a stored flight plan into another storage slot:
1) From the Flight Plan Catalog Page, press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
2) Highlight the desired flight plan.
3) Press the MENU Key.
4) Highlight ‘Copy Flight Plan’.
5) Press the ENT Key. A ‘Copy to flight plan?’ confirmation window is displayed.
6) With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key to copy the flight plan. To cancel, highlight ‘CANCEL’ and press the
ENT Key.
OR:
1) From the Flight Catalog Page, press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
2) Highlight the desired flight plan.
3) Select the COPY Softkey. A ‘Copy to flight plan?’ confirmation window is displayed.
4) With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key to copy the flight plan. To cancel, highlight ‘CANCEL’ and press the
ENT Key.
Figure 5-68 Active Flight Plan Page Wide View
The ‘Sort by Comment’ menu option sorts flight plans alphanumerically based upon the comment assigned
to each flight plan. Procedures on how to enter a comment (flight plan name) are described in the Active Flight
Plan Window section.
Sorting by comment (flight plan name):
1) From the Flight Plan Catalog Page, select the MENU Key.
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2) Highlight ‘Sort By Comment’ and press the ENT Key. A confirmation window is displayed.
3) With OK highlighted, press the ENT Key to change flight plan ordering. To cancel, highlight ‘CANCEL’ and press
the ENT Key.
Deleting a flight plan (stop navigating):
1) From the Flight Plan Catalog Page, press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
2) Highlight the flight plan to delete.
2) Select the MENU Key.
3) Highlight ‘Delete Flight Plan’.
4) Press the ENT Key. A ‘Delete flight plan?’ confirmation window is displayed.
5) With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key to delete the flight plan. To cancel, highlight ‘CANCEL’ and press the
ENT Key.
OR:
1) Highlight the desired destination waypoint.
2) Press the DELETE Softkey from the Flight Plan Catalog Page. A confirmation window is displayed.
3) With ‘Activate’ highlighted, press the ENT Key. To cancel the operation, select ‘CANCEL’ and press the ENT
Key.
OR:
1) From the Active Flight Plan Page, press the MENU Key.
3) Highlight ‘Delete Flight Plan’.
4) Press the ENT Key. A ‘Delete flight plan?’ confirmation window is displayed.
5) With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key to delete the flight plan. To cancel, highlight ‘CANCEL’ and press the
ENT Key.
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Deleting all stored flight plans:
1) From the Flight Plan Catalog Page, press the MENU Key.
2) Highlight ‘Delete All’ and press the ENT Key. A ‘Delete all flight plans?’ confirmation window is displayed.
3) With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key to delete all flight plans. To cancel, highlight ‘CANCEL’ and press the
ENT Key.
Creating user waypoints using the Active Flight Plan Page Map:
1) With the Active Flight Plan Page displayed, push the Joystick to activate the panning function. The target
pointer is displayed at the present aircraft position.
2) After placing the pointer at the desired position, press the ENT Key. The User Waypoint Information Window
is displayed with the captured position. At this point, the User Waypoint is added to the flight plan list. If a
waypoint in the list is highlighted, the new user waypoint is placed before that waypoint, if there is no highlight,
the new user waypoint is placed at the end of the list.
3) Enter a waypoint name.
4) Select the ENT Key to accept the selected name. The first reference waypoint field is highlighted.
5) If desired, enter the identifier of the reference waypoint and the radial and distance to the reference waypoint.
6) Select the ENT Key to accept.
7) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
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AUX - TRIP PLANNING PAGE
The Trip Planning Page (Figure 5-69) calculates information for the any selected flight plan or route and
allows the pilot to manually analyze a future trip.
Page Mode
Input Data
Inset Map
Trip Statistics
Fuel Statistics
Figure 5-69 AUX-Trip Planning Page
Trip Planning
Page Softkeys
The Trip Planning Page displays the following:
• An Inset Map showing the selected flight plan or flight leg. The map has an appropriate scale in order to see
the selection.
• The selected flight plan number and selected leg number (if in flight plan mode). The selected leg number
may be the entire flight plan.
• The selected start and end waypoints.
• If in waypoint mode these are the selected waypoints.
• If in flight plan mode with a specific leg selected then the waypoints shown are the endpoints of the
selected leg.
• If in flight plan mode with the entire flight plan selected then the waypoints shown are the start and end
waypoints of the selected flight plan.
• In automatic flight plan mode with active flight plan selected, the ‘from’ waypoint is the present position
and the ‘to’ waypoint is the end of the selected leg.
• Departure time (DEP TIME) - This defaults to the current time
• Ground speed (GS)
• Fuel flow (FUEL FLOW)
• Fuel onboard (FUEL ONBOARD)
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• Calibrated airspeed (CALIBRATED AS) - If in auto mode, the primary source of information is from the air
data system, and the secondary source of information is the GPS ground speed.
• Indicated altitude (IND ALTITUDE) - If in auto mode, the primary source of information is the barometric
altitude, and the secondary source of information is the GPS altitude.
• Barometric pressure (PRESSURE)
• Total air temperature (TOTAL AIR TEMP)
TRIP STATISTICS (TRIP STATS)
• Desired track (DTK)
• Distance (DIS):
• Estimated time enroute (ETE). This time will either be shown as minutes:seconds, if the time enroute is less
than an hour it is shown as hours:minutes.
• Estimated time of arrival (ETA).
• If in waypoint mode then the ETA is the ETE added to the departure time.
• If a flight plan other than the active flight plan is selected it shows the ETA by adding to the departure time
all of the ETEs of the legs up to the selected leg. If the entire flight plan is selected, then the ETA is calculated
as if the last leg of the flight plan was selected.
• If the active flight plan is selected the ETA reflects the current position of the aircraft and the current leg being
flown. The ETA is calculated by adding to the current time the ETEs of the current leg up to the selected leg.
If the entire flight plan is selected, then the ETA is calculated as if the last leg of the flight plan was selected.
• Enroute safe altitude (ESA). This value reflects either the ESA for the selected leg, for the route between two
selected waypoints, or for the entire flight plan, depending on what is currently selected.
• Destination sunrise and sunset times (SUNRISE, SUNSET)
FUEL STATISTICS (FUEL STATS)
• Fuel efficiency (EFFICIENCY)- This value is calculated by dividing the current ground speed by the current
fuel flow.
• Time of fuel endurance (TOTAL ENDUR) - This time is shown as hours:minutes. This value is obtained by
dividing the amount of fuel on board by the current fuel flow.
• Fuel on board upon reaching end of selected leg (REM FUEL) - This value is calculated by taking the amount
of fuel onboard and subtracting the fuel required for trip.
• Fuel endurance remaining at end of selected leg REM ENDUR) - This value is calculated by subtracting the
time of fuel endurance by the amount of time to go.
• Fuel required for trip (FUEL REQ) - This value is calculated by multiplying the time to go by the fuel flow.
See fuel endurance for an explanation of how time to go is calculated.
• Total range at entered fuel flow (TOTAL RANGE) - This value is calculated by multiplying the time of fuel
endurance by the ground speed.
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OTHER STATISTICS (OTHER STATS)
• Density altitude (DENSITY ALT)
• True airspeed (TRUE AIRSPEED)
• Wind direction (WIND DIRECTION)
• Wind speed (WIND SPEED)
• Head wind (HEAD WIND; only if in Auto Mode). The head wind is shown as a tail wind value if
appropriate
TRIP PLANNING PAGE OPERATIONS
AUTO MODE
Automatic mode is the simplest to use in flight, since in automatic mode the system enters current
groundspeed, fuel flow, and remaining fuel on board automatically to calculate when the aircraft will arrive
at the destination. In automatic mode, the G1000 also generates fuel statistics showing how much fuel will
be remaining at arrival.
Selecting automatic mode:
1) Press the AUTO Softkeys.
OR:
1) Press the MENU Key. The Page Menu is displayed.
2) Select ‘Auto Mode’.
3) Press the ENT Key.
Figure 5-70 Trip Planning Page Menu
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Analyzing the active flight plan in auto mode:
1) Press the FPL Softkey. and follow steps 2-7 below.
OR:
1) Press the MENU Key. The Page Menu is displayed.
2) Select ‘Flight Plan Mode’.
3) Press the ENT Key.
4) Press the small FMS Knob to activate the cursor in the flight plan number field.
5) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the desired flight plan number. If ‘CUM’, (cumulative), is showing all the data
shown in the ‘TRIP STATS’ box is for the entire flight plan.
6) If desired, turn the small FMS Knob to change the number of the stored flight plan being displayed.
7) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘CUM’. The ‘TRIP STATS’ for each leg can be viewed by turning the small
FMS Knob to select the desired leg. The Inset Map also displays the selected data.
In addition to analyzing flight plans, waypoints may be entered to analyze a flight plan segment:
1) Press the WPTS Softkey.
2) Use the FMS knob to enter the first and second waypoint.
Flight Plan Field Not
Accessible
Figure 5-71 Waypoint Mode
Or if the pilot wants to specify the present position as the first waypoint:
1) Press the MENU Key. The Page Menu is displayed.
2) Select ‘Set WPT to Present Position’.
3) Use the FMS Knob to enter the second waypoint.
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MANUAL MODE
In manual mode, the pilot enters a variety of parameters to see the results.
1) Press the MANUAL Softkey.
2) Select a flight plan or waypoints as described in the auto mode section.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to move the cursor and turn the small FMS knob to change any of the following
values:
•
Departure time (DEP TIME)
•
Ground speed (GS)
•
Fuel flow (FUEL FLOW)
•
Fuel onboard (FUEL ONBOARD)
•
Calibrated airspeed (CALIBRATED AS)
•
Indicated altitude (IND ALTITUDE)
•
Barometric pressure (PRESSURE)
•
Total air temperature (TOTAL AIR TEMP)
3) Press the ENT Key to view the new TRIP, FUEL STATS, and OTHER STATS..
UTILITY PAGE
The AUX-Utility Page (Figure 5-72) displays timers, trip statistics, and a scheduler.
TIMERS AND DEPARTURE TIME
The Utility Page contains two timers, one a general purpose type, and one that records actual flight time.
It also shows departure time.
To use the Generic Timer:
1) Press the FMS Knob and highlight the first Generic Timer field. Use the FMS knobs and select UP or DOWN.
2) Press the ENT Key. The second field is highlighted.
3) Press the ENT Key and select ‘START?’, ‘STOP?’, or ‘RESET?’
4) Once the selection is made, press the ENT Key.
5) Highlight the third field and use the FMS Knob to preset the counter with the desired starting time.
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Scheduler
Timers
Trip
Statistics
Figure 5-72 AUX-Utility Page
To use the Flight Timer:
1) Press the FMS Knob and highlight the first Flight Timer field.
2) Use the small FMS Knob to select ‘PWR-ON’ or ‘IN-AIR’.
3) Once the selection made, press the ENT Key.
4) Highlight the third field and use the FMS Knobs to preset the counter with desired starting time.
5) Press the ENT Key.
To select departure time criteria
1) Press the FMS Knob and highlight the first Departure Time Field.
2) Use the small FMS Knob to select ‘PWR-ON’ or ‘IN-AIR’.
3) Press the ENT Key.
RESETTING OPTIONS
The Pilot can reset the following items using the Utility Page Options Menu (Figure 5-73):
• Flight Timer
• Departure Time
• Trip Odometer/Average Ground Speed
• Odometer
• Maximum Speed
• All
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Figure 5-73 Utility Page Options Menu
To reset any of the items:
1) Press the MENU Key.
2) Select the desired reset option.
3) Press the ENT Key.
TRIP STATISTICS
The following items are displayed in the ‘TRIP STATISTICS’ Box:
• ODOMETER
• TRIP ODOMETER
• TRIP AVERAGE GS (GROUND SPEED)
• MAXIMUM GS (GROUND SPEED)
To reset any of trip statistic item:
1) Press the MENU Key
2) Select the desired option.
3) Press the ENT Key.
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SCHEDULER
The scheduler portion of the Utility Page allows the pilot to program reminder messages based on elapsed
time or a particular time and date.
Time–based messages can be periodic. Event messages are based on specific date and month. The scheduler
uses GPS time so it should not be used for events such as oil changes (tach time). When an event is due,
the ALERTS Softkey on the PFD flashes. Pressing the softkey displays the message programmed into the
scheduler.
To use the scheduler:
1) Press the FMS Knob.
2) Highlight the first blank message field.
3) Use the FMS Knobs and enter reminder message (up to 20 characters allowed).
4) Press the ENT Key.
5) Highlight the TYPE field. Select one of the following:
•
Event: single message based on time and date
•
One Time: occurs after time expires each time G1000 powers on.
•
Periodic: recurs based on the amount of time specified
6) Highlight the next field and enter a date and time for a single message, one time event, or a periodic event.
7) Press the ENT Key. For one time and periodic events, the REM field displays the time remaining before the
message is displayed.
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AIRWAYS/JETWAYS
NOTE: Refer to the Navigation Map Page setup section for details on how to customize the display of
airways on the MFD.
Airways (called Low Altitude Airways in the G1000 and in this Pilot’s Guide) serve primarily smaller pistonengine, propeller-driven airplanes on shorter routes and at lower altitudes. Airways start at 1,200 feet above
ground level (AGL) and extend upward to an altitude of 18,000 feet mean sea level (MSL). Airways are 8
nautical miles wide. Airways are called “Victor” airways, because they run primarily between VORs, and the
phonetic alphabet’s term for “V” is Victor. Airways have names like V222 or V37.
Jetways (called High Altitude Airways in the G1000 and in this Pilot’s Guide) are actually called jet routes,
and serve primarily airliners, jets, turboprops, and turbocharged piston aircraft operating over longer distances
above altitudes of 18,000 feet. Jet routes start at 18,000 feet mean sea level (MSL) and extend upward to an
altitude of 45,000 feet MSL (altitudes above 18,000 feet are called “flight levels” and are described as FL450
for 45,000 feet MSL). Jet routes have names like J42 or J121.
NOTE: Airways are not selectable for display on the PFD Inset Map. The window is too small to be useful for
this purpose.
The AIRWAYS Softkey allows the display of airways to be turned on or off. The softkey takes on one of
four conditions to allow high and low altitude airways to be displayed in any combination.
In addition, an Airways group is a part of the map setup which allows an alternate method of selecting
airways for the display as well as adjustment of maximum ranges for which high altitude and low altitude
airways are shown. See the Map Setup section for more details.
MAP
TRAFFIC
TOPO
TERRAIN AIRWAYS
BACK
AIRWY ON
ALL AIRWAYS ARE SELECTED
AIRWY LO
ONLY LOW ALTITUDE AIRWAYS ARE SELECTED
AIRWY HI
ONLY HIGH ALTITUDE AIRWAYS ARE SELECTED
Figure 5-69 Airway Softkeys
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After selecting the desired airway for display, it can be loaded into a flight plan. Loading an airway into a flight
plan is done in six steps as follows:.
1.
Select the airway insertion point on the original flight plan
2.
Access the Airway Loading Page
3.
Select an airway from a list
4.
Select an exit waypoint from a list
5.
Preview the sequence of waypoints
6.
Load the selected airway segment into the flight plan
Select the airway insertion point on the original flight plan:
Move the cursor to the spot after the desired airway entry waypoint. In the example given in Figure 5-74, join
an airway after ANX, so the cursor is moved to the line just beyond ANX (which is over waypoint FRANC).
Figure 5-74 Airway Insertion Point
Access the Airway Loading Page:
Press the MENU Key and select “Load Airway” from the Flight Plan Page Menu (Figure 5-75).
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Figure 5-75 Load Airway Menu Option
Note: the “Load Airway” menu item is selectable only when an acceptable airway entry waypoint has been indicated
(the waypoint ahead of the cursor position). Thus the “Load Airway” menu item is disabled in the following
instances:
•
An airway entry waypoint has not been established (there is no waypoint ahead of the cursor position)
•
The airway entry waypoint is on an arrival or an approach procedure (it is OK if the airway insertion point is on
a departure or an airway)
•
There are no selectable airways in the database starting from the airway entry waypoint.
Select an Airway from the list:
Use the FMS Knob and the ENT Key to select one of the airways from the list (V12 in this example).
Whenever the Airway Loading Page is accessed, it is initialized to select the airway from the list of airways
available from the selected airway entry point. In the example, there are seven airways selectable given the
entry waypoint (ANX). The Airway Loading page selects an airway and exit waypoint based on the waypoints
that are already in the flight plan.
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Figure 5-76 Selecting an Airway
The Airway Loading Page provides the list of the airways that are selectable from the airway entry waypoint.
The list of airways is sorted such that low altitude airways are presented at the top of the list, followed by “all”
altitude airways, followed by high altitude airways. In this example, only low altitude airways are available
at ANX.
On the airway list, the cursor is placed initially over an airway identifier selected by the system as follows:
• The system compares the list of airways selectable at the airway entry waypoint with the airways connecting
with subsequent waypoints in the flight plan up to and including the first waypoint of the arrival or approach.
If common airways exist, the airway that connects to the last waypoint in the flight plan is nominated.
• Otherwise, the cursor is positioned over the first airway on the list.
In the example, V12 is auto-selected because COU is the last waypoint in the flight plan on an airway that
is selectable from ANX (V12). If we were loading the airway from FRANC we get the same result (V12-COU).
If we were loading the airway from COU, V44 would be nominated because V44 (which is selectable from
COU but not from ANX or FRANC) connects to the first waypoint in the arrival (ENL).
Select an exit waypoint from a list:
Use the FMS Knob and the ENT Key to select one of the exit waypoints from the list (TOY in this example).
The Airway Loading Window goes to this step immediately after the airway has been selected.
The Airway Loading Window provides a list of the available airway exit waypoints.
On the airway exit waypoint list, the cursor is placed initially over a waypoint nominated by the system.
Auto-selection of an exit waypoint is similar to the process of auto-selecting an airway (based on connecting
with a waypoint later in the flight plan) except that the choice of airway is now constrained.
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The list of airway exit waypoints is presented such that the waypoint nominated by the system is displayed
below the selected entry waypoint (this could be opposite of the order that the waypoints occur in the
database).
If there is no connecting waypoint that can be nominated based on the existing flight plan, the system tries
to present the list of airway waypoints in the order most consistent with the direction of the existing flight
plan and nominates the next airway waypoint after the entry waypoint.
If the list of waypoints is large enough that the list box must be scrolled, the list box is initially arranged
such that the waypoint nominated by the system is as near the middle of the scroll box as practical (this allows
adjacent waypoints on both sides of the nominated waypoint).
The entry waypoint is also shown on the list of exit waypoints but is not selectable.
Figure 5-77 Selecting an Exit Waypoint
In the example, airway V12 has 92 selectable waypoints on the segment that includes ANX, FRANC and
COU. The list box is initialized to show 19 of those waypoints centered on COU which is the waypoint
initially nominated by the system.
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PREVIEWING THE SEQUENCE OF WAYPOINTS
The airway segment is previewed during the course of selecting the exit waypoint. The preview consists
of a graphical preview of the selected airway segment presented in the map display window as well as a text
listing of the waypoint sequence with courses and distances shown in the Airway Loading window. The
preview updates as the cursor is moved up or down over the list of exit waypoints. In this example, the pilot
has moved the cursor down from COU to TOY which updates the graphical preview.
Figure 5-78 Previewing the Waypoint Sequence
The FMS Knob and the ENT Key are to select an exit waypoint from the list (TOY in this example).
If necessary, the cursor can be moved back to either the Airway or Exit waypoint fields to change the
selected airway segment. Otherwise, press the ENT Key with the cursor over the LOAD prompt to load the
airway into the flight plan.
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Figure 5-79 Loading the Airway into the Flight Plan
Not all of the waypoints available in the database for an airway are actually needed to define the route. All
of the airway waypoints are made available to choose as an exit waypoint, but when the airway is actually
loaded into the flight plan, the “optional” waypoints are not included.
For the purpose of this discussion, “optional” waypoints on an airway are those waypoints that meet all of
the following criteria:
• The waypoint is not a NAVAID (VOR or NDB)
• The waypoint is not needed to define a course change
• The waypoint is not an ATC compulsory reporting point
In the example, airway V12 was loaded after entry waypoint ANX ending with exit waypoint TOY. There
are a total of 10 waypoints available in that segment: ANX, OCTAM, FRANC, HUCKS, COU, STITH, FTZ,
AUGST, SNYDR and TOY, however only 5 are actually needed to define the route: ANX, FRANC, COU, FTZ
and TOY.
It is possible that one of the “optional” waypoints (OCTAM, HUCKS, STITH, AUGST or SNYDR) could be
needed later - see the discussion of inserting airway optional waypoints below for more about that.
When the ENT Key is pressed with the cursor over the LOAD prompt on the Airway Loading Page, the
selected airway segment is loaded into the flight plan. The system returns to the Flight Plan Page with the
cursor position placed on the line just after the exit waypoint of the airway segment.
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Figure 5-80 Returning to the Flight Plan Page
In the example, waypoints FRANC and COU were originally in the departure procedure. Because the
airway was loaded after ANX, those waypoints were removed from the departure, but were then added
back in because they were also on the selected airway (V12). Note that FRANC and COU would have been
removed from the departure regardless of which airway was selected at ANX.
The rules for removing bypassed waypoints in the original flight plan are as follows:
1. Waypoints within an arrival or approach procedure are never removed during the load airway operation.
Note that individual waypoints can be removed if necessary.
2. If there is a sequence of waypoints in the original flight plan starting with the entry waypoint that lines
up with a sequence of waypoints in the new airway segment, that sequence is removed from the original flight
plan (so it doesn’t get duplicated). This rule applies only to the departure and enroute/airway parts of the
flight plan (not the arrival or the approach).
3. If the airway was inserted at a departure waypoint, all the waypoints in the departure procedure following
the insertion point is removed.
4. If the airway was inserted at an existing airway waypoint, the remaining waypoints in the airway is
removed.
If there is not enough room in the flight plan to insert the airway segment, a pop-up message is displayed:
“Flight Plan is full. Remove unnecessary waypoints.” When this happens, the flight plan is not be changed.
Determination of “flight plan full” accounts for the number of waypoints to be added with the new airway
segment as well as the number of bypassed waypoints that would be removed from the original flight plan.
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DISPLAY OF AIRWAYS ON THE FLIGHT PLAN PAGE
When an airway segment has been inserted into the flight plan a white heading is displayed after the entry
waypoint as shown in Figure 5-81.
Exit Waypoint
Identifier
Airway Identifier
Figure 5-81 Airway Header
Airway – aaaaa.wwwww, where aaaaa is the airway identifier and wwwww is the exit waypoint identifier
(Figure 5-81). Below the airway header, the waypoints of the airway are indented one space to create some
visual separation between the airway and any subsequent off-airway waypoints that could be used on the
flight plan. The PFD Flight Plan Window only displays the airway identifier and exit waypoint (Figure 582).
Airway Identifier
Exit Waypoint
Identifier
Figure 5-82 Airway Header on PFD
Operations using the cursor:
1) On the MFD, bringing the cursor over the airway heading centers the map on the airway segment.
2) Pressing the CLR Key displays a prompt asking “Remove aaaaa.wwwww from Flight Plan OK or CANCEL”. If
OK is pressed, the airway segment is removed (but not the entry waypoint). If the exit waypoint is the entry
waypoint of a subsequent airway or if it overlaps an arrival or an approach, the exit waypoint is not removed.
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3) ‘Load Airway’ can be selected with the cursor over the airway heading. That brings back the Airway Loading
Page which is initialized to the airway segment that is currently in the flight plan.
4) A new waypoint can be entered with the cursor over the airway header. The new waypoint is inserted ahead of
the airway header (after the airway entry waypoint).
COLLAPSE AIRWAYS FEATURE
‘Collapse Airways’ is selectable from the Flight Plan Menu if the flight plan contains at least one airway and
the current state is “expanded” (Figure 5-83). In similar fashion, “Expand Airways” is selectable if the flight
plan contains airways and the current state is “collapsed”. When airways have been collapsed, it is indicated
on the airway heading.
Figure 5-83 Collapse Airway Feature
ACTIVE LEG DISPLAY WITH COLLAPSED AIRWAY ACTIVE
The Flight Plan Page always keeps the following three waypoints visible:
• From Waypoint
• To Waypoint
• Next Waypoint (shows the next course)
To prevent one or more of these waypoints from being hidden in a collapsed airway segment, the airway
segment that contains either the “To” or the “Next” waypoint is automatically expanded.
INSERTING OPTIONAL AIRWAY WAYPOINTS
To easily insert one of the “optional” airway waypoints into the flight plan. To make this easy, they are
provided on a list like FPL, NRST and RECENT. The list is called AIRWAY. To add one of these to the flight
plan, place the cursor over and turn the small FMS Knob to the left, selecting the list which has the desired
waypoint, select one and press the ENT Key to insert it into the flight plan.
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Figure 5-84 Inserting Optional Airspace Waypoints
DIRECTIONAL AIRWAYS/INVERTING FLIGHT PLANS
Some airways have directional restrictions on all or part of the route. Airway “A2” in Europe has a directional
restriction over the whole route such that it can be flown only in the direction MTD-ABB-BNE-DEVAL.
Airway “UR975” in North Africa has more complicated directional restrictions within the list of airway
waypoints AMANO, VAKOR, LIBRO NELDA, DIRKA, GZO, KOSET and SARKI:
• Starting from AMANO, the airway can be flown only to LIBRO.
• Starting from SARKI, the airway can be flown only to LIBRO.
• Between NELDA and GZO, the airway can be flown in either direction.
The system inverts the airway waypoint sequence and removes all of the airway headers.
NOTE: In the US, airways that are “one-way” for specified hours of operation are not uncommon. These
airways are always be bi-directional in the G1000 database – this is an ARINC 424 limitation.
AIRWAYS AND DATABASE UPDATES
Flight plans with airways can be saved; however, when the database if updated, the airways must be
reloaded, similar to what must be done for procedures.
The basic process is that each airway segment is reloaded from the database given the entry waypoint, the
airway identifier and the exit waypoint. This re-loads the sequence of waypoints between the entry and exit
waypoints (the sequence may change when the database is updated).
If “optional” airway waypoints have been inserted within the airway sequence, those waypoints are included
when the airway is updated whenever possible.
The update of an airway can fail during this process. If that happens, the airway is removed from the flight
plan. The following things could cause the airway update to fail:
• Airway entry waypoint or exit waypoint not found in the new database
• Airway identifier not found in the new database
• Airway entry waypoint is not an acceptable entry waypoint for the airway – either the waypoint is no longer
on the airway, or there is a new directional restriction that prevents it being used as an entry waypoint.
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• Airway exit waypoint is not an acceptable exit waypoint for the airway – either the waypoint is no longer
on the airway, or there is a new directional restriction that prevents it being used as an exit waypoint (given
the entry waypoint)
• Loading the new airway sequence would exceed the capacity of the flight plan
VERTICAL NAVIGATION (VNV)
NOTE: Refer to the Appendices for VNV Flight Planning definitions, abbreviations, and acronyms.
The G1000 System can use altitude constraints associated with lateral waypoints to give guidance for vertical
navigation. These altitudes are, depending on the specific instance, entered or retrieved from the published
altitudes in the navigation database.
The navigation database only contains altitudes for procedures that call for “Cross at” altitudes. If the
procedure states “Expect to cross at,” then the altitude is not in the database. In this case the altitude may be
entered manually.
When activating or loading an arrival or approach procedure into an active flight plan, the VNV ‘ALT’ fields
are populated with any altitudes that can be retrieved from the navigation database.
To help interpret the meanings of how the altitudes are presented, keep the following points in mind:
• When the altitude is displayed in light blue, the system is using that altitude to determine vertical speed
and deviation guidance.
• When the altitude is displayed in white, it is not being used by the system to determine the vertical speed
and deviation guidance.
•
An altitude displayed as small text is an altitude that is published in the navigation database.
• Altitudes displayed as a light blue halftone cannot be used in the current vertical navigation
calculations.
Refer to Figure 5-85 and Table 5-3 for more detail regarding the significance of text size and color.
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Large White
Text
Large Light
Blue Text
Small Light
Blue Text
Small Light Blue
HalftoneText
Small White Text
with Altitude
Restriction Bar
Figure 5-85 VNV Altitudes
Large Text
Small Text
White Text
Altitude calculated by the
system estimating the altitude of
the aircraft as it passes over the
navigation point. This altitude
is provided as a reference and
is not being used by the system
to determine vertical speed and
deviation guidance.
Altitude is not being used to
determine vertical speed and
deviation guidance. Altitude
has been retrieved from the
navigation database and is
provided as a reference.
Light Blue Text
Altitude has been entered by the
pilot. Altitude is being used by
the system for vertical speed and
deviation guidance. Altitude does
not match the published altitude
in navigation database or no
published altitude exists.
Light Blue Halftone Text
The system cannot use this
altitude in determining vertical
speed and deviation guidance.
Altitude is being used by the
system for vertical speed and
The system cannot use this
deviation guidance. Altitude has
been retrieved from the navigation altitude in determining vertical
database or has been entered and speed and deviation guidance.
matches a published altitude in
the navigation database.
Table 5-3 VNV Altitude Text Size and Color
Some altitudes retrieved from the database have associated restrictions indicating to stay ‘At’, ‘At or
Above’, or ‘At or Below’ a specific altitude. These restrictions are indicated using a ‘bar’ above and/or below
the appropriate altitude as shown in Figure 5-86.
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Stay AT or ABOVE 5,000 ft
Stay AT 2,300 ft
Stay AT or BELOW 3,000 ft
Figure 5-86 Altitude Restrictions
Note: Vertical constraints and along track offset waypoints are not retained in stored flight plans.
Enabling/Cancelling VNV guidance:
1)
Select the Active Flight Plan Page.
2)
Select the CNCL VNV Softkey. Canceling VNV results in VNV outputs V DEV (vertical deviation), VS REQ
(vertical speed required), and TIME TO TOD/BOD (time to top of descent/bottom of descent) going invalid. As a
result the non-numeric vertical deviation and VS REQ indicators on the PFD are removed. Additionally the V DEV,
VS REQ, and TIME TO TOD displayed in the Current VNV Profile box on the Active Flight Plan Page is dashed.
Once cancelled, VNV remains disabled until manually enabled or a direct-to waypoint is entered while in
reversionary mode. When cancelled the CNCL VNV Softkey changes to ENBL VNV. VNV can be enabled
by selecting the ENBL VNV Softkey causing a VNV waypoint to be selected (if possible) and vertical
navigation to resume.
ALTITUDE CONSTRAINTS
The G1000 provides a means to enter altitude constraints associated with waypoints in the active flight
plan so long as the waypoint is not the final approach fix, a waypoint after the FAF, or part of an unsupported
lateral leg type.
Altitude constraints are displayed and entered in mean sea level (MSL) values to the nearest hundreth. An
altitude constraint in above ground level (AGL) format is supported for airports. To convert the value to AGL,
turn the FMS Knob when MSL is highlighted and press the ENT Key. When a database altitude restriction is
displayed, the G1000 allows user entry of a different altitude when creating a waypoint, effectively overriding
the database restriction (only before the FAF). The G1000 allows activation of a displayed database altitude
restriction by highlighting the database constraint and pressing the ENT Key. When a database altitude
restriction of type “AT or ABOVE” or “AT or BELOW” is activated, the G1000 uses the “AT” portion of the
restriction to define the vertical profile.
The G1000 annunciates all constraints that cannot be used to calculate vertical guidance by displaying the
value in halftone, light blue text. The following conditions constitute an invalid altitude constraint:
• Meeting the constraint requires the aircraft to climb
• Meeting the constraint requires the maximum flight path angle to be exceeded
• Meeting the constraint requires the maximum vertical speed to be exceeded
• The altitude constraint results in a TOD behind the aircraft present position
• The constraint is within a leg type for which altitude constraints are not supported
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• To add an altitude constraint to the FAF or a waypoint past the FAF of an approach that provides vertical
guidance (i.e. ILS or GPS WAAS approach)
• To add an altitude constraint to any waypoint past the FAF of an approach that does not provide vertical
guidance (i.e. not an ILS or GPS WAAS approach).
To enter altitudes as a flight level, enter an “F” in the most significant digit by rotating the inner FMS Knob
counter-clockwise past zero or clockwise past 9, the system automatically changes to show units of Flight
Level.
NOTE: Vertical constraints and Along Track offset waypoints are not retained in stored flight plans.
NOTE: When an altitude constraint is subdued it means that the user has selected a vertical profile that
cannot be flown. The computed FPA for adjacent vertical constraints is too steep.
Entering an altitude constraint:
1) Select the Active Flight Plan Page.
2) Highlight the desired waypoint altitude field (Figure 5-87).
3) Enter an altitude constraint value.
4) Press the ENT Key to accept the VNV altitude constraint.
VNV ALT Field
Figure 5-87 Entering an Altitude Constraint
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ALTITUDE CONSTRAINT MODIFICATION
An altitude constraint is deleted by highlighting the altitude and pressing the CLR Key followed by the
ENT Key. In the event an altitude constraint is deleted and the navigation database contains an altitude
restriction for the lateral waypoint, the G1000 displays the altitude restriction from the database provided
no predicted altitude can be provided.
Changing an altitude constraint:
1) Select the Active Flight Plan Page.
2) Highlight the desired altitude constraint.
3) Change the altitude constraint value.
4) Press the ENT Key to confirm the change.
Deleting an altitude constraint:
1) Select the Active Flight Plan Page.
2) Highlight the desired altitude constraint.
3) Select the CLR Key.
4) Select the ENT Key.
ALONG TRACK OFFSETS
NOTE: An along track offset waypoint cannot be created if it is not adjacent to its parent waypoint
Offset distances can be entered from 1 to 99 nautical miles in increments of 1 nautical mile before the offset
waypoint (shown as a negative value) or after the offset waypoint (shown as a positive value).
A waypoint is allowed as long as the along track offset places the waypoint adjacent to its parent waypoint
in the lateral flight plan.
An along track offset that places a waypoint after the final approach fix of an approach is not allowed. Along
track offset waypoints lie along the great circle path of the existing lateral flight plan. Assigning an along track
offset to a leg with indeterminate length is not permitted.
Entering a negative offset distance results in an along track offset waypoint inserted before the selected
lateral waypoint, whereas entering a positive offset distance results in an along track offset waypoint inserted
after the selected lateral waypoint. The creation of multiple along track offset waypoints is allowed.
NOTE: If the CLR Key is pressed prior to completing the definition of the along track offset waypoint, the
along track offset waypoint is removed.
NOTE: An along track offset distance cannot be modified once entered. If the along track offset distance
must be changed, the existing along track offset waypoint must be deleted and a new one created with the
corrected offset distance.
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Entering an along track offset distance:
1) Select the Active Flight Plan Page.
2) Select the desired lateral waypoint.
3) Select the OFST Softkey.
4) Enter a positive or negative offset distance in the range of +/- 1 to 99 nautical miles (Figure 5-88 ). NOTE: The
offset also cannot exceed the distance to the next or previous lateral non-ATK offset waypoint.
Along Track Offset Distance
Figure 5-88 Along Track Offset Distance
VNV PROFILE
The VNV profile can be changed by one of the following means:
• Changing the Flight Path Angle (FPA) for the descent segment
• Changing the target vertical speed for the descent segment
Changes to the VNV profile apply to the current active waypoint only. The VNV profile is not modifiable
if there is no active waypoint. An invalid entry results in the previous value being restored. The VNV
profile modification is invalid if it results in any of the following conditions:
• The maximum allowed FPA is exceeded
• The calculated target vertical speed exceeds the maximum allowed
• The TOD point is now located behind the aircraft’s present position or an s-turn would be required to
capture the modified vertical profile
• Modifying the vertical speed target for the current waypoint
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The VS TGT is computed using the FPA and current ground speed and updated on the display
periodically. If there is an active waypoint with a vertical component, a valid ground speed, and the
system determines the aircraft is airborne. Updates to the field cease when the field is selected for
modification.
Active VNV Waypoint
Altitude
Target Vertical Speed
Flight Path Angle
Required Vertical Speed
Time To Bottom of
Descent
Vertical Deviation
Figure 5-89 VNV Profile
The VS TGT may be changed using the following sequence of actions:
Modifying the VS TGT from the Active Flight Plan Page:
1) Select the VNV PROF Softkey.
2) Use the small FMS Knob, or enter the desired value or to modify the value.
3) Select the VNV PROF Softkey again when finished or press the FMS Knob to remove the cursor from the VNV
Profile. VS TGT must be negative and cannot be less than the configured minimum value).
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Upon completion of entering a new VS TGT the G1000:
• Periodically computes a new FPA using the selected VS TGT and current ground speed until the TOD
is reached
• Uses the newly computed FPA for the active waypoint with a vertical component
• Resumes periodic updates of the VS TGT using the new FPA and current ground speed. VNV profile
changes apply to the active waypoint only.
The active waypoint with a vertical component and its FPA is shown in the current VNV profile
information box.
Modifying the flight path angle from the Active Flight Plan Page:
1) Select the FPA by selecting the VNV PROF Softkey followed by a clockwise turn of the large FMS Knob. It can
also be selected by scrolling past the end of the active flight plan waypoint list.
2) Modify the value using the small FMS Knob. The FPA must be negative and cannot be less than the configured
minimum value.
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NAVIGATING AN EXAMPLE FLIGHT PLAN
The following discussion is an example of navigating a flight plan with the WAAS capable GPS system while
the G1000 provides vertical guidance through descents. A lateral flight plan (LNAV) would be navigated in
much the same way, but would not include vertical guidance when the final approach course is active.
The example is a flight plan from KMKC to KCOS filed using the TIFTO2 departure, various Victor Airways,
and the DBRY1 arrival with the transition at TBE. Enroute altitude is 12,000 feet. An LPV (WAAS) approach is
selected for runway 35R. A missed approach is executed at the Missed Approach Point (MAP). A few enroute
changes are demonstrated.
1) Prior to departure, the TIFTO2 departure, the airways, and the DBRY1 arrival at KCOS are loaded. See the
Procedures section for loading departures and arrivals. Note the magenta Map Pointer in Figure 5-90 indicating
the active departure leg. After takeoff, ATC assigns a heading of 240º.
2) Figure 5-90 shows the aircraft on the assigned heading of 240º. ‘TERM’ (Terminal) is the current CDI flight
phase displayed on the HSI indicating 1.0 nm CDI scaling.
Figure 5-90 Assigned Heading of 240º
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3) ATC now assigns routing to join V4. A heading of 290º is assigned to intercept V4. The aircraft turns to heading
290° as seen in Figure 5-91. Note the current CDI flight phase is now ENR (Enroute). When the aircraft reached
30 nautical miles from the departure point, the flight phase changed from TERM to ENR on the HSI and CDI
scaling changed to 2.0 nm.
Figure 5-91 Assigned Heading of 290º
4) V4 is now entered into the flight plan.
a) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
b) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the point that proceeds V4 is entered as shown in Figure 5-92.
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Figure 5-92 Begin Adding V4 to the Flight Plan
c) Turn the small FMS Knob to display the Waypoint Information Window. Enter the desired entry point for V4, in
this case Topeka VOR (TOP) is used as shown in Figure 5-93.
Figure 5-93 Entering V4 Entry Point
d) Press the ENT Key. TOP is now inserted into the flight plan as in Figure 5-94.
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Figure 5-94 TOP Inserted into the Flight Plan
e) With SLN still highlighted as in Figure 5-94, turn the small FMS Knob to the right. The Waypoint Information
Page is displayed and the LD AIRWY Softkey is now available.
f) Select the LD AIRWY Softkey to display the list of available airways for TOP as seen in Figure 5-95.
Figure 5-95 List of Available Airways for TOP
g) Turn either FMS Knob to highlight V4 in the list as seen in Figure 5-95.
h) Press the ENT Key. The list of available exits for V4 is now displayed as in Figure 5-96.
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Figure 5-96 List of Available Exits for V4
i) If necessary, turn either FMS Knob to select the desired exit. In this case Salina VOR (SLN) is selected as seen in
Figure 5-97.
j) Press the ENT Key. The selected airway and exit are displayed the prompt “LOAD?” highlighted as in Figure
5-98.
Figure 5-98 Ready to Load V4
k) Press the ENT Key.
l) V4 is now loaded into the flight plan as shown in Figure 5-99.
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Figure 5-99 V4 is Loaded in the Flight Plan
5) V4 is now made the active leg of the flight plan.
a) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
b) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight SLN. The TO waypoint of the leg is selected in order to activate the leg.
c) Select the ACT LEG Softkey. The confirmation window is now displayed as in Figure 5-100. Note the TOP to
SLN leg is actually part of V4.
Figure 5-100 Comfirm Active Leg
d) Verify the displayed leg is the desired leg and press the ENT Key. Note in Figure 5-101, the magenta Map
Pointer in the flight plan window and magenta line on the map indicating V4 is now the active flight plan leg.
Note also, the crosstrack (XTK) distance on the HSI indicating 16.9 nm to the intercept point.
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Figure 5-101 V4 Now Active Leg
6) The aircraft continues on heading 290º. When 2.0 nm from the intercept, the XTK disappears from the HSI and
the CDI are positioned on the last dot indicating a 2.0 nm distance from the centerline of the next course.
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7) As the CDI approaches center, the aircraft turns onto the active leg as seen in Figure 5-102.
Figure 5-102 Turn on to Active Leg
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8) At SLN, Victor Airway 244 (V244) is intercepted. Turn prompts are displayed in the PFD Navigation Status Box
as seen in Figure 5-103.
Figure 5-103 Turn to Intercept V244
9) As seen in Figure 5-104, V244 is now the active flight plan leg.
Figure 5-104 V244 Now Active Leg
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10) At Lamar VOR (LAA) V263 is intercepted. See Figure 5-105.
Figure 5-105 HYS to LAA Leg Active
11) ATC grants clearance to proceed direct to OPSHN intersection to begin the arrival procedure. ATC advises to
expect an altitude of 10,000 feet at OPSHN.
a) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
b) Turn the large FMS Knob to select OPSHN in the flight plan list.
c) Press the Direct-to (
) Key. The Direct-to Window is now displayed as shown in Figure 5-106.
Figure 5-106 Direct To OPSHN
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d) Turn the large FMS Knob to place the cursor in the VNV altitude field as shown in Figure 5-107.
Figure 5-107 Enter VNV Altitude
e) An altitude of 10,000 feet is entered as requested by ATC.
f) Press the ENT Key. The cursor is now displayed in the VNV offset field as shown in Figure 5-108.
Figure 5-108 Enter VNV Offset Distance
g) Enter the offset, or distance from the waypoint at which the selected altitude is reached. In this case, three
miles prior to OPSHN is entered. In other words, the G1000 gives vertical guidance so the aircraft arrives at an
altitude of 10,000 feet three miles prior to OPSHN.
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h) Press the ENT Key twice to activate the direct-to. Note, in Figure 5-109, the magenta Map Pointer indicating
the direct-to OPSHN after the offset waypoint for OPSHN. The preceding offset waypoint indicates the offset
distance and altitude that was previously entered. The remaining waypoints in the loaded arrival procedure
have no database specified altitudes, therefore, dashes are displayed. Keep the CDI centered and maintain a
track along the magenta line to OPSHN.
NOTE: If the loaded arrival procedure has waypoints with altitude constraints retrieved from the database that is
used as is, the altitude must be manually accepted by placing the cursor over the desired altitude, then pressing
the ENT Key. The altitude is now displayed as light blue meaning which is now used by the system to determine
vertical speed and deviation guidance.
Figure 5-109 Direct-to Active
12) While proceeding to OPSHN, the LPV approach to runway 35R is preferred and is used.
a) Press the PROC Key to display the Procedures Window.
b) ‘SELECT APPROACH’ should be highlighted as shown in Figure 5-109.
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Figure 5-110 Proceudures Window
c) Press the ENT Key. A list of available approaches for the destination airport is displayed as in Figure 5-111.
Figure 5-111 List of Available Approaches
d) Turn either FMS Knob to select the LPV approach for 35R as shown in Figure 5-111.
e) Press the ENT Key. A list of available transitions for the selected approach is displayed as shown on Figure 5112.
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Figure 5-112 List of Available Transitions
e) Turn either FMS Knob to select the desired transition. In this case, the Initial Approach Fix (IAF) at HABUK is
used.
f) Press the ENT Key.
g) With ‘LOAD?’ highlighted, again press the ENT Key. The selected approach is added to the flight plan as seen
in Figure 5-113.
Figure 5-113 Loaded Approach
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13) Note the altitude constraints associated with each of the approach waypoints as seen in Figure 5-114. These
altitudes are loaded from the database and are initially displayed as white text, indicating these values are not
be used in computing vertical deviation guidance. The altitude values must be designated for use if they are to
be used in computing vertical guidance.
a) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
b) Turn the large FMS Knob to place the cursor in the altitude field associated with the IAF at HABUK as in Figure
5-115.
Figure 5-115 Designate HABUK Altitude Constraint
c) Press the ENT Key. Note the altitude is now displayed as light blue text, indicating that the value is now used
in computing vertical guidance. The G1000 uses baro corrected altitude when giving vertical guidance to these
waypoints.
d) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the altitude constraint associated with FALUR as seen in Figure 5-115.
Figure 5-115 Designate FALUR Altitude Constraint
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e) Press the ENT Key to designate this altitude constraint value for use in computing vertical guidance. This
altitude value is now displayed as light blue text. Note that altitude values are now filled in for waypoints back
to where the previous altitude value was entered for OPSHN.
Altitude constraint values associated with the Final Approach Fix (FAF) and waypoints beyond the FAF cannot be
designated for vertical guidance. These altitude values are always displayed as white text, as in Figure 5-116.
Vertical guidance to the FAF and on to the Missed Approach Point (MAP) is given using the WAAS GPS altitude
source, therefore, the displayed altitude values are for reference only.
Figure 5-116 Vertical Guidance is Active to the FAF
14) As the aircraft approaches OPSHN, it may be desirable to adjust the quickness, or steepness, of the upcoming
descent is. The default Flight Path Angle (FPA) is -3.0 degrees and a required vertical speed is computed to
maintain the -3.0 FPA. To change the vertical flight path, perform the following steps.
a) Select the VNV PROF Softkey to place the cursor in the target vertical speed field (VS TGT) as shown in Figure
5-112.
b) At this point, the descent vertical speed can be selected, or the FPA can be selected. Turn the large FMS Knob
to select the desired selection field, then turn the small FMS Knob to enter the desired value.
Note the information now displayed in the ‘CURRENT VNV PROFILE’ box. Also, note the offset waypoint and
gray circle are now displayed on the map. The gray circle marks the Top of Descent (TOD). In this example,
vertical guidance is provided at the TOD that results in a -3.0 degree FPA descent to an altitude of 10,000 feet
upon reaching the offset waypoint.
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Figure 5-117 Adjusting the Descent
c) Press the ENT Key.
15) As seen in Figure 5-118, the aircraft is approaching TOD. Note the target vertical speed required to reached the
selected altitude. The Vertical Deviation Indicator (VDI) and the Required Vertical Speed Indicator (RVSI) are now
displayed on the PFD as shown in Figure 5-119.
Figure 5-118 Approaching Top of Descent (TOD)
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Target
Altitude
Vertical
Deviation
Indicator
(VDI)
Required
Vertical
Speed
Indicator
(RVSI)
Figure 5-119 VDI & RVSI Upon Reaching Top of Descent (TOD)
16) Upon reaching TOD, a descent vertical speed is established which places the VSI pointer in line with the RVSI as
shown in Figure 5-120.
Keep Vertical
Deviation Pointer
Centered
Align Actual
Vertical Speed
with Required
Vertical Speed
Figure 5-120 VDI & RVSI Showing Correctly Established Descent
17) When the aircraft is one minute from the bottom of descent (BOD) this is annunciated as shown in Figure 5-121.
Upon reaching the offset waypoint for OPSHN, the aircraft is at 10,000 feet.
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Figure 5-121 Approaching Bottom of Descent (BOD) at OPSHN Offset
Waypoint
18) The aircraft is approaching OPSHN. The upcoming turn and next heading is annunciated at the top left of the
PFD as seen in Figure 5-122. Initiate the turn and maneuver the aircraft on a track through the turn radius to
intercept the magenta line for the OPSHN to FSHER leg and center the CDI.
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19) After passing OPSHN, the next leg of the arrival turns magenta as shown in Figure 5-123. The magenta Map
Pointer in the flight plan list now indicates the OPSHN to FSHER leg of the arrival procedure is now active.
Figure 5-123 Tracking the OPSHN to FSHER Leg
20) The flight continues through the arrival procedure to PYNON (see Figure 5-124). At a point 31 nautical miles
from the destination airport, the phase of flight scaling for the CDI changes to Terminal Mode and is annunciated
by displaying ‘TERM’ on the HSI.
The next leg contains a descent to HABUK. Note the TOD point on the map. Annunciations for the upcoming
turn and descent, as well as the VDI and RVSI, appear on the PFD as the flight progresses.
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Figure 5-124 Approaching PYNON
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21) Upon passing PYNON the approach procedure automatically becomes active. The approach may be activated
at any point to proceed directly to the IAF. In this example, the aircraft has progressed through the final
waypoint of the arrival and the flight plan has automatically sequenced to the IAF as the active leg, activating
the approach procedure (see Figure 5-125).
Figure 5-125 Approach is Now Active
To manually activate the approach procedure, perform the following steps:
a) Press the PROC Key.
b) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘ACTIVATE APPROACH’ as shown in Figure 5-126.
Figure 5-126 Manually Activate Approach
c) Press the ENT Key to activate the approach.
22) The IAF is the next waypoint. At the TOD, establish a descent vertical speed as previously discussed in Step 16.
The aircraft altitude is 9,000 feet upon reaching HABUK.
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Figure 5-127 Descending Turn to the Initial Approach Fix (IAF)
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23) After crossing FALUR the next waypoint is the FAF. The flight phase changes to LPV on the HSI indicating the
current phase of flight is in Approach Mode and the approach type is LPV. CDI scaling changes accordingly and is
used much like a localizer when flying an ILS approach. The RVSI is no longer displayed and the VDI changes to
the Glidepath Indicator (as shown in Figure 5-128) when the final approach course becomes active.
Figure 5-128 Descending to the FAF
The descent continues through the FAF (CEGIX) using the Glidepath Indicator, as one would use a glideslope
indicator, to obtain an altitude “AT” 7,800 feet at the FAF. Note the altitude restriction lines over and under (At)
the altitude in the ‘ALT’ field.
24) After crossing CEGIX, the aircraft continues following the glidepath to maintain the descent to “AT or ABOVE”
6,370 feet at the Missed Approach Point (MAP) (RW35R) as seen in Figure 5-129.
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Figure 5-129 Descending to the Missed Approach Point
In this missed approach procedure, the fix immediately following the MAP (in this case ‘6368FT’) is not part
of the published procedure. It is simply a fix that defines a leg which guides the aircraft along the runway
centerline until the required altitude to make the first turn on the missed approach is exceeded. In this case, if
the aircraft altitude is below the specified altitude (6,368 feet) after crossing the MAP, a direct-to is established
to this fix until an altitude of 6,368 feet reached. After reaching 6,368 feet, a direct-to is established to the
published fix (in this case MOGAL). If the aircraft altitude is above the specified altitude after crossing the MAP,
a direct-to is established to the published fix (MOGAL) to begin the missed approach procedure. The altitude
constraint value defaults to 400 feet AGL when the fix is not part of the published procedure.
In some missed approach procedures this altitude fix may be part of the published procedure. For example, the
procedure dictates a climb to 5,500 feet, then turn left and proceed to the Missed Approach Hold Point (MAHP).
In this case, the altitude fix would be labeled ‘5500FT’. Again, if the aircraft altitude is lower than this prescribed
altitude, a direct-to is established to this fix when the missed approach procedure is activated.
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25) Upon reaching the MAP, it is decided to execute a missed approach. Automatic waypoint sequencing is
suspended past the MAP. Select the SUSP Softkey on the PFD to resume automatic waypoint sequencing
through the missed approach procedure.
A direct-to is initiated to MOGAL, which is the Missed Approach Hold Point (MAHP) as seen in Figure 5-130.
The aircraft is climbing to 10,000 feet. The CDI flight phase now changes from LPV to MAPR as seen on the
HSI.
Figure 5-130 Missed Approach Active
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26) The aircraft continues climbing to “AT or ABOVE” 10,000 feet at MOGAL. A holding pattern is established at
the MAHP (MOGAL) as shown in Figure 5-131.
Figure 5-131 Establishing the Holding Pattern
27) The aircraft maintains 10,000 feet while following the magenta line through the hold as in Figure 5-132.
Figure 5-132 Hold Established
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PARALLEL TRACK (PTK)
NOTE: Enroute/Terminal VNV (baro-VNV) is disabled when parallel track is active. This causes vertical
deviation to flag and the autopilot to uncouple from VNV. Parallel track disregards all vertical aspects of the
flight plan; that is, parallel track ignores baro-VNV.
Course Line
Parallel Track
Figure 5-133 Navigation Map Showing Parallel Track
The Parallel Track (PTK) menu option allows a parallel course offset of 1 to 99 nm to the left or right of
the current flight plan. Parallel Track cannot be activated if a course is set using Direct-to or if the active leg
is the first leg of the departure procedure, or the Initial Approach Fix (IAF) has been passed. Attempting to
activate parallel track with these conditions results in the message ‘PARALLEL TRACK UNAVAILABLE INVALID
ROUTE GEOMETRY’.
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Figure 5-134 Parallel Track Menu Option
When Parallel Track is activated, the course line drawn on the map pages shows the parallel course, and
waypoint names will have a lower case “p” placed after the identifier.
North
TO
WPT
Course
BRG
TRK
DTK
Parallel Track Distance
FROM
WPT
Figure 5-135 Parallel Track
Figure 5-136 Parallel Track “p” Designation
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Using Direct-to, loading an approach, holding pattern, or editing and executing the flight plan automatically
cancels Parallel Track. Parallel track is cancelled if a course change occurs greater than 120° or the parallel
tracks overlap as a result of the course change.
Activating parallel track:
1) Select the MENU Key from the Active Flight Plan Page.
2) Select ‘Parallel Track’.
3) Press the ENT Key. The direction field is highlighted.
4) Select ‘Left’ or ‘Right’.
5) Press the ENT Key. The ‘DISTANCE’ field is highlighted.
6) Enter a distance from 1-99 nm.
7) Press the ENT Key.
8) With ‘ACTIVATE PARALLEL TRACK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key (Figure 5-132).
9) Press the FMS Knob or the CLR Key to remove the Parallel Track Window.
Figure 5-137 Activate PT Option
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ARRIVAL ALERTS
The Arrival Alert Box on the System Setup Page allows arrival alerts to be turned on/off and the alert trigger
distance set. An arrival alert can be set to notify the pilot with a message upon reaching a user-specified distance
from the final destination (the direct-to waypoint or the last waypoint in a flight plan). Once the set distance
(up to 99.9 units) has been reached, an “Arrival at [waypoint]” message is displayed in the PFD Navigation
Status Box.
Enabling/disabling an arrival alert:
1) Use the FMS Knob to select the AUX - System Setup Page.
2) Press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the ON/OFF field in the Arrival Alert Box.
4) Turn the small FMS Knob clockwise to turn the airspace alert ON or counterclockwise to turn the alert OFF.
Changing the arrival alert trigger distance:
1) Use the FMS Knob to select the AUX - System Setup Page.
2) Press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the distance field in the Arrival Alert Box.
4) Use the FMS Knob to enter a trigger distance and press the ENT Key.
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5.21 FLIGHT PLANNING (PFD)
Flight planning on the PFD centers around the Flight Plan Window where flight plans can be created, edited,
and activated. The Flight Plan Window is enabled and disabled by pressing the FPL Key.
Flight Plan Title
Desired Track
Leg Distance
Active Leg
Next Available
Memory Position
Figure 5-138 Flight Plan Window
OPERATIONS
The following operations can be performed using the Flight Plan Window Menu.
• Activate leg
• Store, invert, or delete flight plan
• Load or remove departure, arrival, or approach
• Closest Point of FPL
• Restore defaults
• Parallel track
Figure 5-139 Flight Plan Page Menu
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CREATE NEW FLIGHT PLAN
Up to 99 flight plans with up to 99 waypoints in each flight plan can be created and stored in memory.
Creating a new flight plan:
1) Press the FPL Key.
2) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor. The waypoint field is highlighted.
3) Enter the identifier, city/state, or facility name of the airport/waypoint.
4) Press the ENT Key. The cursor flashes on the next empty waypoint field.
5) Enter the identifier for each additional waypoint.
6) Press the FPL Key to remove the window.
ACTIVATE LEG
‘Activate Leg’ selects the highlighted leg as the “active leg” (the flight plan leg which is currently used for
navigation guidance).
Activating a flight plan along a specific leg:
1) From the Flight Plan Window, press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
2) Highlight the desired destination waypoint.
3) Press the MENU Key.
4) Highlight ‘Activate Leg’.
5) Press the ENT Key. A confirmation window is displayed with ‘ACTIVATE’ highlighted.
6) Press the ENT Key.
STORE FLIGHT PLAN
The active flight plan is erased when the G1000 is powered off or when another flight plan is activated.
When storing flight plans with an approach, departure or arrival, the G1000 uses the waypoint information
from the current database to define the waypoints in the flight plan. If the navigation database is changed
or updated, the G1000 automatically updates the information if the procedure has not been modified. If an
approach, departure or arrival procedure is no longer available, the flight plan becomes “locked” until the
procedure is deleted from the flight plan or until the correct navigation database is installed.
Storing a flight plan:
1) From the Flight Plan Window (once all of the waypoints have been entered), press the MENU Key to display the
page menu.
2) Select ‘Store Flight Plan’.
3) Press the ENT Key. The Store Flight Plan Window is displayed with ‘OK’ highlighted.
4) Press the ENT Key to store the flight plan in the next available memory slot.
5) Press the ENT Key.
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INVERT FLIGHT PLAN
Activating an existing flight plan in reverse:
1) From the Flight Plan window, press the MENU Key.
2) Highlight ‘Invert Flight Plan’.
3) Press the ENT Key. A confirmation window is displayed.
4) Select ‘OK’.
5) Press the ENT Key. The flight plan is now reversed and activated.
DELETE FLIGHT PLAN
The entire flight plan or selected waypoints within the flight plan may be deleted.
Deleting the entire flight plan:
1) From the Flight Plan Window, press the MENU Key.
2) Highlight ‘Delete Flight Plan’.
3) Press the ENT Key.
4) Press the ENT Key to delete all waypoints in the flight plan.
Deleting selected waypoints in the flight plan:
1) From the Flight Plan Window, select the desired waypoint.
2) Press the CLR Key. The ‘Remove Waypoint Name?’ Window is displayed with ‘OK’ highlighted.
3) Press the ENT Key.
CLOSEST POINT OF FPL
‘Closest Point of FPL’ calculates the bearing and closest distance at which a flight plan passes a reference
waypoint. It may also be used to create a new user waypoint along the flight plan at the location closest to a
chosen reference waypoint.
Determining the closest point along the active flight plan to a selected waypoint:
1) From the Flight Plan Window, press the MENU Key.
2) Highlight ‘Closest Point of FPL’. Press the ENT Key. A window appears with the reference waypoint field
highlighted.
3) Enter the identifier of the reference waypoint.
4) Press the ENT Key. The G1000 displays the bearing (BRG) and distance (DIS) to the closest point along the flight
plan from the selected reference waypoint.
5) To create a user waypoint at this location and add it to the flight plan, press the ENT Key. The name for the new
user waypoint is derived from the identifier or the reference waypoint.
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PARALLEL TRACK (PFD)
The Parallel Track (PTK) function allows a parallel course offset of 1 to 99 nm to the left or right of the
current flight plan. Parallel Track cannot be activated if a course is set using Direct-To or if the active leg is the
first leg of the departure procedure, or the Initial Approach Fix (IAF) has been passed. Attempting to activate
Parallel Track with these conditions results in the message ‘PARALLEL TRACK UNAVAILABLE INVALID
ROUTE GEOMETRY’. When Parallel Track is activated, the course line drawn on the map pages shows the
parallel course, and waypoint names will have a lower case “p” located after the identifier (Figure 5-140).
‘p’ Designation
Figure 5-140 Parallel Track ‘p’ Designation
Using Direct-To, loading an approach, holding pattern, or editing and executing the flight plan automatically
cancels Parallel Track. Parallel track is cancelled if a course change occurs greater than 120° or the parallel
tracks overlap as a result of the course change.
Activating parallel track:
1) Press the MENU Key from the Active Flight Plan Page.
2) Select ‘Parallel Track’.
3) Press the ENT Key. The Direction field is highlighted.
4) Select ‘Left’ or ‘Right’.
5) Press the ENT Key. The ‘Distance’ field is highlighted.
6) Enter a distance from 1-99 nm.
7) Press the ENT Key.
8) With ‘ACTIVATE PARALLEL TRACK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
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Enter Distance
Figure 5-141 Parallel Track Distance Field
Cancelling parallel track:
1) Press the MENU Key from the Active Flight Plan Page.
2) Select ‘Parallel Track’.
2) Select ‘CANCEL PARALLEL TRACK’.
3) Press the ENT Key.
Figure 5-142 Cancelling Parallel Track
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5.22 PROCEDURES (MFD)
NOTE: If any portion of an arrival procedure is the active leg of a flight plan, the existing arrival procedure
must be deleted before changing to a different arrival procedure.
LEG TYPES SUPPORTED BY THE G1000
There are currently 23 different database leg types. All 23 published procedures and leg types are supported
by the G1000.
• AF - DME arc to a fix
• RF – Constant radius turn to fix
• CF – Course to a fix
• TF – Track between two fixes
• DF – Direct to a fix
• CA – Course to an altitude
• FA – Course from fix to an altitude
• CD – Course to a DME distance
• FC – Course from fix to distance
• CI – Course to an intercept
• FD – Course from fix to DME distance
• CR – Course to a radial
• FM – Course from fix to manual termination
• VA – Heading vector to an altitude
• HA – Hold terminating at altitude
• VD – Heading vector to DME distance
• HF – Hold terminating at a fix
• VI – Heading vector to an intercept
• HM – Hold with manual termination
• VM – Heading vector to manual termination
• IF – Initial fix
• VR – Heading vector to a radial
• PI – Procedure turn to course intercept
NOTE: The G1000 supports vertical navigation for all lateral leg types except for CA, CI, FA, FM, HA, HM, PI,
VA, VD, VI, VR, and VM.
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Options
Arrival Loaded in Active Flight Plan
Approach Procedure Loaded in
Active Flight Plan
Departure Procedure Loaded in
Active Flight Plan
Figure 5-143 Procedures Window
DEPARTURES
Loading and activating a departure procedure:
1) Press the PROC Key. The Procedures Window is displayed.
2) Highlight ‘SELECT DEPARTURE’.
3) Press the ENT Key. The DEPARTURE window is displayed on the ‘PROC – DEPARTURE LOADING Page.
4) Select a departure.
5) Press the ENT Key. The RUNWAY window may be displayed.
6) Select a runway.
7) Press the ENT Key. The TRANSITION window may be displayed.
8) Select a transition.
9) Press the ENT Key.
10) With ‘LOAD’ highlighted, press the ENT Key. The departure procedure is displayed as part of the overall flight
plan and is placed in front of the enroute flight plan.
OR:
1) With the Departure Information Page displayed, press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
2) Enter an identifier, facility name or city location field.
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3) Press the ENT Key until the DEPARTURE window is displayed.
4) Select a departure.
5) Press the ENT Key. The RUNWAY window may be displayed.
6) Select a runway.
7) Press the ENT Key. The TRANSITION window may be displayed.
8) Select a transition.
9) Press the ENT Key. The departure is now ready to load.
10) Press the FMS Knob to remove the cursor.
Identifier
Airport Type
Facility Name
Location
Available Departures
Available
Transitions
List of Legs in
Departure Sequence
Map Showing
Selected Departure
Figure 5-144 Departure Information Page
Activating a departure leg:
1) Select the FPL Key.
2) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the desired waypoint within the departure.
4) Press the ACT LEG Softkey. A confirmation window showing the selected leg is displayed.
5) With ‘ACTIVATE’ highlighted, press the ENT key.
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Figure 5-145 Activate Leg Option
Viewing a departure airport:
1) Select the first page in the Waypoint Page Group.
2) Press the MENU Key.
3) Highlight ‘View Departure Airport’.
4) Press the ENT Key. The Departure Airport Page is displayed.
OR:
1) Select the first page in the Waypoint Page Group.
2) Press the MENU Key.
3) Highlight ‘View Departure Airport’.
4) Press the ENT Key. The Departure Information Page is displayed.
5) Enter an identifier, facility, or city name for the departure airport.
Removing a departure:
1) From the Active Flight Plan Page, press the MENU Key.
2) Select the ‘Remove Departure’ option.
3) Press the ENT Key. A confirmation window is displayed listing the procedure.
4) With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key. To cancel the removal request, highlight ‘CANCEL’ and press the ENT
Key.
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ARRIVAL OPERATIONS
Loading an arrival procedure:
1) Select the ‘WPT’ page group.
2) Select the first rectangular page icon.
3) Press the STAR Softkey.
Facility Name
Airport Symbol
Airport
Usage
Airport
Location
Available
Arrivals
Available
Transitions
Runways Served by the
Selected Arrival and
Transition
Leg Distance
List of Legs in Arrival
Sequence
Leg Desired Track
Figure 5-146 Arrival Information Page
4) Select an arrival.
5) Press the ENT Key. The TRANSITION window is displayed.
6) Select a transition.
7) Press the ENT Key. The RUNWAY window may be displayed. If so, select a runway.
8) Press the ENT Key.
9) With ‘LOAD’ highlighted, press the ENT Key. The arrival procedure is displayed as part of the overall flight plan
and is placed at the end of the enroute flight plan.
OR:
1) Press the PROC Softkey.
2) Highlight ‘SELECT ARRIVAL’.
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3) Press the ENT Key. The ARRIVAL window is displayed on the ‘PROC – ARRIVAL LOADING’ Page.
4) Select an arrival.
5) Press the ENT Key. The TRANSITION window is displayed.
6) Select a transition.
7) Press the ENT Key. The RUNWAY window may be displayed. If so, select a runway.
8) Press the ENT Key.
9) With ‘LOAD’ highlighted, press the ENT Key. The arrival procedure is displayed as part of the overall flight plan
and is placed at the end of the enroute flight plan.
OR:
1) Select the first page in the Waypoint Information Group.
2) Press the MENU Key.
3) Highlight ‘Load Arrival’.
4) Press the ENT Key. The Active Flight Plan Page is displayed. The arrival procedure is displayed as part of the
overall flight plan and is placed at the end of the enroute flight plan.
Removing an arrival:
1) From the Active Flight Plan Page, press the MENU Key.
2) Select the ‘Remove Approach’, ‘Remove Arrival’ or ‘Remove Departure’ option.
3) Press the ENT Key. A confirmation window is displayed listing the procedure.
4) With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key. To cancel the removal request, highlight ‘CANCEL’ and press the ENT
Key.
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APPROACH OPERATIONS
Not all approaches in the database are approved for GPS use. When selecting an approach, a “GPS”
designation to the right of the procedure name indicates the procedure can be flown using the GPS receiver.
Some procedures do not have this designation, meaning the GPS receiver can be used for supplemental
navigation guidance only. If the GPS receiver cannot be used for primary guidance, the appropriate
navigation receiver must be used for the selected approach (e.g., VOR or ILS). The final course segment of
ILS approaches, for example, must be flown by tuning the NAV receiver to the proper frequency and selecting
that NAV receiver on the CDI.
The G1000 WAAS GPS allows for flying LNAV, LNAV/VNAV, and LPV approaches according to the published
chart. The active approach type is annunciated on the HSI as shown in Table 5-4:
HSI
ANNUNCIATION
LNAV
LNAV+V
L/VNAV
LPV
DESCRIPTION
GPS approach using published
LNAV minima.
GPS approach using published
LNAV minima. Advisory vertical
guidance is provided.
GPS approach using published
LNAV/VNAV minima.
GPS approach using published
LPV minima.
Table 5-4 HSI WAAS Approach Annunciations
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Approach Display
Available
Approaches
Figure 5-147 Selecting an Approach
Load and/or activate an approach procedure:
1) Press the PROC Key.
2) Highlight ‘SELECT APPROACH’.
3) Press the ENT Key. A list of available approaches for the destination airport is displayed.
4) Turn the FMS Knob to highlight the desired approach. The WAAS channel and ID for the selected approach
procedure are displayed in the ‘APPROACH CHANNEL’ field.
5) Press the ENT Key. A list of available transitions for the selected approach procedure is now displayed.
6) Turn either FMS Knob to selected the desired transition. The “Vectors” option assumes vectors are received
to the final course segment of the approach and provides navigation guidance relative to the final approach
course.
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WAAS Channel
Number
Figure 5-148 WAAS Channel Number and ID
7) Press the ENT Key. ACTIVATE?’ is now displayed. Selecting ‘LOAD?’ enters the selected approach procedure
into the active flight plan, without activating it. Selecting ‘ACTIVATE?’ enters the selected approach procedure
into the active flight plan and makes it immediately active.
8) Turn the large FMS Knob to select either ‘LOAD?’ or ‘ACTIVATE?’.
9) Press the ENT Key.
Figure 5-149 Not Approved for GPS Message
OR:
1) Select the Nearest Airports Page.
2) Select the desired nearest airport.
3) Press the APR Softkey located at the bottom of the display. The LD APR (load approach) Softkey becomes
available.
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4) Select the desired approach.
5) Select the LD APR Softkey. The Approach Loading Page is displayed with the transitions field highlighted.
6) Select the desired transition.
7) Press the ENT Key. The ‘LOAD?’ field is highlighted.
8) Press the ENT Key to load the approach. If navigating a flight plan previous to loading this approach, the G1000
continues navigating the flight plan until the approach is activated.
9) Highlight the ‘ACTIVATE’ field.
10) Press the ENT Key to activate the approach and begin navigating to the IAP.
11) If the approach is not approved for GPS, a ‘NOT APPROVED FOR GPS’ message is displayed with ‘YES’ highlighted.
Press the ENT Key to acknowledge the message (or select ‘NO’).
12) Press the ENT Key to return to the Approach Loading Page.
OR:
1) From any page, press the PROC Key.
2) Highlight ‘SELECT APPROACH’.
3) Press the ENT Key. The APPROACH window is displayed on the ‘PROC – APPROACH LOADING’ Page.
4) Select an approach.
5) Press the ENT Key. The TRANSITION window is displayed.
6) Select a transition (the ‘VECTORS’ option assumes vectors are received to the final course segment of the
approach and provides navigation guidance relative to the final approach course.)
7) Press the ENT Key.
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8) Highlight ‘LOAD?’ or ‘ACTIVATE?’. ‘LOAD’ adds the approach to the flight plan without immediately using the
approach for navigation guidance. This allows for the original flight plan to continue navigating until cleared
for the approach, but keeps the approach available for quick activation when needed. ‘ACTIVATE’ adds the
approach to the flight plan and begins navigating the approach course.
9) If the approach is not approved for GPS, a ‘NOT APPROVED FOR GPS’ message is displayed with ‘YES’ highlighted.
Press the ENT Key to acknowledge the message. To cancel the approach, select ‘NO’ and press the ENT Key.
OR:
1) From the Approach Loading Page, highlight the ‘CHANNEL’ field.
WAAS Channel Field
Figure 5-150 WAAS Channel Selection
2) Enter the desired channel number.
3) Press the ENT Key. The TRANSITION window is displayed.
4) Select a transition (the ‘VECTORS’ option assumes vectors are received to the final course segment of the
approach and provides navigation guidance relative to the final approach course).
5) Press the ENT Key.
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6) Highlight ‘LOAD?’ or ‘ACTIVATE?’. ‘LOAD’ adds the approach to the flight plan without immediately using the
approach for navigation guidance. This allows for the original flight plan to continue navigating until cleared for
the approach, but keeps the approach available for quick activation when needed. ‘Activate’ adds the approach
to the flight plan and begins navigating the approach course.
Removing an approach from a direct-to or active flight plan:
1) From the Flight Plan Page, press the MENU Key.
2) Highlight ‘Remove Departure’, ‘Remove Arrival’, or ‘Remove Approach’
3) Press the ENT Key. A confirmation window appears listing the procedure that is about to be removed with ‘OK’
highlighted.
4) Press the ENT Key.
Another Procedures Window option allows vectors to the final approach course.
Activating a (previously loaded) approach, with vectors to final:
1) Press the PROC Key to display the Procedures Window.
2) Highlight ‘ACTIVATE VECTOR-TO-FINAL’ and press the ENT Key.
In many cases, it may be easiest to “Load” the full approach while still some distance away, enroute to
the destination airport. Later, if vectored to final, use the steps above to select ‘Activate Vector-To-Final’
— which makes the inbound course to the FAF waypoint active. Otherwise, activate the full approach using
the ‘ACTIVATE APPROACH’ option.
Activating a missed approach in the active flight plan:
1) Press the PROC Key.
2) Highlight ‘ACTIVATE MISSED APPROACH’.
3) Press the ENT Key. A confirmation window is displayed.
4) With ‘ACTIVATE’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
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COURSE TO FIX
In certain missed approach procedures, a fix appears immediately following the MAP (Figure 5-151, ‘990
ft’). This is not necessarily part of the published procedure, it simply represents a course to an altitude fix.
In certain cases, if the aircraft altitude is below the specified altitude (990 feet) after crossing the MAP, a
direct-to is established to this fix until an altitude of 990 feet reached. After reaching 990 feet, a direct-to is
established to the published fix (in this case POLKE).
If the aircraft altitude is above the specified altitude after crossing the MAP, a direct-to is established to
the published fix (POLKE) to begin the missed approach procedure. The altitude constraint defaults to 400
feet AGL when the fix is not part of the published procedure.
In some missed approach procedures this altitude fix may be part of the published procedure. For
example, the procedure dictates a climb to 5,500 feet, then turn left and proceed to the Missed Approach
Hold Point (MAHP). In this case, the altitude fix would be labeled ‘5500 ft’. Again, if the aircraft altitude is
lower than this prescribed altitude, a direct-to is established to this fix when the missed approach procedure
is activated.
Missed Approach Point
Course to Altitude Fix
Figure 5-151 Course to Altitude Fix Special Condition
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5.23 PROCEDURES (PFD)
The Procedures Window (Figure 5-147) provides direct access to departures, arrivals and approaches — based
upon the active flight plan or direct-to destination. In either case, the departure and destination airports must
have published procedures associated with them. The Procedures Window is displayed and removed by pressing
the PROC Key .
Figure 5-152 Procedures Window
The following operations can be performed from the Procedures Window:
• Activate Vector-To-Final or approach
• Select approach, arrival, or departure
• Select missed approach
SELECT DEPARTURE
‘Select Departure’ selects a published standard instrument departure (SID) for the departure airport or
replaces the current departure with a new selection. When using a direct-to, the G1000 uses the nearest
airport as a reference when displaying available departures.
Available
Runways
Available
Departures
Available
Transitions
Figure 5-153 Selecting a Departure
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GPS NAVIGATION
Selecting a departure for the departure airport:
1) Display the Procedures Window by pressing the PROC Key.
2) Highlight ‘SELECT DEPARTURE’.
3) Press the ENT Key.
4) Enter an identifier, city, or facility name.
5) Press the ENT Key until the departure field is highlighted.
6) Select the desired departure.
7) Press the ENT Key. A window appears listing the available transitions for the departure.
8) Select the desired transition or vectors.
9) Press the ENT Key. A window appears listing the available runways for the departure.
10) Select the desired runway.
11) With ‘LOAD?’ highlighted, press the ENT Key to load the departure.
SELECT ARRIVAL
‘SELECT ARRIVAL’ selects a published standard terminal arrival route (STAR) for the destination airport or
replaces a current arrival with a new selection.
Available
Transitions
Available
Arrivals
Figure 5-154 Selecting an Arrival
Selecting an arrival for a direct-to or flight plan destination airport:
1) Display the Procedures Window by pressing the PROC Key.
2) Highlight ‘SELECT ARRIVAL’.
3) Press the ENT Key.
4) Enter an identifier, city, or facility name.
5) Press the ENT Key until the arrival field is highlighted.
6) Select the desired arrival.
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7) Press the ENT Key. A window appears listing the available transitions for the arrival.
8) Select the desired transition or vectors.
9) Press the ENT Key. A window appears listing the available runways for the arrival.
10) Select the desired runway.
11) With ‘LOAD?’ highlighted, press the ENT Key to load the arrival.
SELECT APPROACH
‘SELECT APPROACH’ selects a published instrument approach for the destination airport or replaces the
current approach with a new selection.
Available
Transitions
Available
Approaches
Figure 5-155 Selecting an Approach
Selecting an approach for a direct-to or flight plan destination airport:
1) Display the Procedures Window by pressing the PROC Key.
2) Highlight ‘SELECT APPROACH’.
3) Press the ENT Key.
4) Enter an identifier, city, or facility name.
5) Press the ENT Key until the approach field is highlighted.
6) Select the desired approach.
7) Press the ENT Key. A window appears listing the available transitions for the approach.
8) Select the desired transition or vectors.
9) Press the ENT Key.
10) With ‘LOAD?’ highlighted, press the ENT Key to load the approach OR: to activate the approach, highlight
‘ACTIVATE?’. If the approach is not approved for GPS, a ‘NOT APPROVED FOR GPS’ message is displayed with
‘YES’ highlighted. Press the ENT Key to acknowledge the message. To cancel the approach, select ‘NO’ and
press the ENT Key.
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ACTIVATE APPROACH
‘ACTIVATE APPROACH’ activates the approach.
Figure 5-156 Activate Approach Selection
Activating the approach for a direct-to or flight plan destination airport:
1) Press the PROC Key to display the Procedures Window.
2) Highlight ‘ACTIVATE APPROACH’.
3) Press the ENT Key.
ACTIVATE VECTOR-TO-FINAL
‘ACTIVATE VECTOR-TO-FINAL’ vectors to the final approach course.
.
Figure 5-157 Activate Vector-To-Final Selection
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Activating the approach with vectors to final:
1) Select the PROC Key to display the Procedures Options Window.
2) Highlight ‘ACTIVATE VECTOR-TO-FINAL’.
3) Press the ENT Key.
ACTIVATE MISSED APPROACH
‘ACTIVATE MISSED APPROACH’ vectors to the final approach course.
Figure 5-158 Activate Missed Approach Selection
Activating a missed approach:
1) Press the PROC Key to display the Procedures Window.
2) Highlight ‘ACTIVATE MISSED APPROACH’.
3) Press the ENT Key.
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5.24 ABNORMAL OPERATION
DEAD RECKONING
NOTE: Dead Reckoning Mode only functions in Enroute (ENR) or Oceanic (OCN) phase of flight. In all other
phases, an invalid GPS solution produces a “NO GPS POSITION” annunciation on the map and the G1000
stops navigating in GPS Mode.
While in Enroute or Oceanic phase of flight, if the G1000 detects an invalid GPS solution or is unable to
calculate a GPS position, the system will automatically revert to Dead Reckoning (DR) Mode. In DR Mode, the
G1000 uses its last-known position combined with continuously updated airspeed and heading data (when
available) to calculate and display the aircraft’s current estimated position.
‘DR’ is prominently displayed, in yellow, on the HSI slightly above and to the right of the aircraft symbol on
the CDI as shown in Figure 5-159. Also, the CDI deviation bar is removed from the display. In addition, DR
Mode is indicated on the G1000 by the appearance of the letters ‘DR’ superimposed in yellow over the ‘own
aircraft’ symbol Lastly, but at the same time, a ‘GPS NAV LOST’ alert message appears on the PFD. Normal
navigation using GPS/WAAS source data resumes automatically once a valid GPS solution is restored.
Figure 5-159 CDI ‘DR’ Indication on PFD
It is important to note that estimated navigation data supplied by the G1000 in DR Mode may become
increasingly unreliable and must not be used as a sole means of navigation. If while in DR Mode airspeed and/
or heading data is also lost or not available, the DR function may not be capable of accurately tracking your
estimated position and, consequently, the system may display a path that is different than the actual movement
of the aircraft. Estimated position information displayed by the G1000 through DR while there is no heading
and/or airspeed data available should not be used for navigation.
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DR Mode is inherently less accurate than the standard GPS/WAAS Mode due to the lack of satellite measurements
needed to determine a position. Changes in wind speed and/or wind direction will compound the relative
inaccuracy of DR Mode. Because of this degraded accuracy, the crew must maintain position awareness using
other navigation equipment until GPS-derived position data is restored.
As a result of operating in DR Mode, all GPS-derived data is computed based upon an estimated position and
is displayed as yellow text on the display to denote degraded navigation source information. This data includes
the following:
• Navigation Status Box fields except Active Leg, TAS, and DTK
• GPS Bearing Pointer
• Wind data and pointers in the Wind Data Box on the PFD
• Track Bug
• All Bearing Pointer Distances
• Active Flight Plan distances, bearings, and ETE values
Also, while the G1000 is in DR Mode, the autopilot does not couple to GPS, and both TAWS and Terrain
Proximity is disabled. Additionally, the accuracy of all nearest information (airports, airspaces, and waypoints)
is questionable. Finally, airspace alerts will continue to function, but with degraded accuracy.
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SECTION 6 HAZARD AVOIDANCE
The hazard avoidance features available for the G1000 system are designed to provide advisory information of
potential hazards to flight safety associated with weather, terrain, and air traffic.
This section is divided into the following groups:
Weather
• GDL 69/69A XM® Satellite Weather
• L-3 STORMSCOPE® WX-500 Series II Weather Mapping Sensor
Terrain Avoidance
• Terrain Proximity (non-TSO-C151b-certified)
• TAWS (Terrain Awareness Warning System - TSO-C151b certified)
Traffic
• TIS (Traffic Information Service)
• Avidyne TAS600® Traffic Advisory System (optional)
6.1 XM SATELLITE WEATHER (OPTIONAL)
NOTE: XM Satellite Weather data provides information for avoiding hazardous weather. It is not meant for
use to penetrate hazardous weather.
XM Satellite Weather is provided through the GDL 69A, a remote-mounted data-link satellite receiver. Received
graphical weather information and associated text is displayed on the Multi Function Display (MFD) and the
Primary Flight Display (PFD) Inset Map. The GDL 69A can also receive XM Satellite Radio® entertainment
services. Both weather data and entertainment programming operate in the S-band frequency range to provide
continuous reception capabilities at any altitude throughout North America.
XM Satellite Radio services are subscription-based. For more information on specific service packages, visit
www.xmradio.com. Refer to the Additional Features Section for information about XM Radio Entertainment.
ACTIVATING SERVICES
Before XM Satellite Weather can be used, the service must be activated. Service is activated by providing XM
Satellite Radio with coded IDs unique to the installed GDL 69A. XM Satellite Radio and XM Satellite Weather
services each have coded IDs. The Audio and Data Radio IDs must be provided to XM Satellite Radio to activate
the weather service and entertainment subscriptions, respectively. These IDs are located on:
• The label on the back of the Data Link Receiver
• The XM Information Page on the MFD (Figure 6-1)
• The XM Satellite Radio Activation Instructions included with the unit (available at www.garmin.com, P/N
190-00355-04)
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Contact the installer if the Audio and Data Radio IDs cannot be located.
XM Satellite Radio uses the coded IDs to send an activation signal that allows the G1000 to display weather
data and/or entertainment programming provided through the GDL 69A.
Activating the XM Satellite Weather and XM Satellite Radio Services:
1) Contact XM Satellite Radio by email (address listed on their website, www.xmradio.com) or by the customer
service phone number listed on the website. Follow the instructions provided by XM Satellite Radio services.
2) Select the next-to-last page in the AUX page group.
3) Press the INFO Softkey to display the XM Information Page.
4) Verify that the desired services are activated.
5) Press the LOCK Softkey to lock subscription information.
6) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight YES.
7) To complete activation, press the ENT Key.
Data Radio
ID (for XM
Weather)
Audio Radio
ID (for XM
Satellite Radio)
Weather
Products
(Available
Products for
Service Class
Indicated in
Green)
Press INFO
Softkey to
Display XM
Information
page
6-2
Figure 6-1 XM Information Page
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
Press LOCK
Softkey to Lock
Subscription
Information
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USING XM SATELLITE WEATHER PRODUCTS
The primary map for viewing XM Weather data is the Weather Data Link Page in the Map Page Group. This
is the only G1000 map display capable of showing information for all available XM weather products.
Viewing the Weather Data Link Page:
1) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the Map Page Group.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the third rectangular page icon.
NEXRAD
Weather
Product Age
and Legend
NEXRAD
Weather Product
Display Enabled
NEXRAD
Weather Product
Selected for
Display
Figure 6-2 Weather Data Link Page
When a weather product is active on the Weather Data Link Page or the Navigation Map Page, the age of the
data is displayed on the screen. The age of the product is based on the time difference between when the data
was assembled on the ground and the current GPS time. Weather products are refreshed at specific intervals
(defined in the Refresh Rate column in Table 6-1).
If for any reason, a weather product is not refreshed within the 30-, 60-, or 90-minute Expiration Time
intervals, the data is considered expired and is removed from the display. This ensures that the displayed data
is consistent with what is currently being broadcast by XM Satellite Radio services. If more than half of the
expiration time has elapsed, the color of the product age displayed changes to yellow.
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This table shows the weather product symbols, the expiration time and the refresh rate. The refresh rate
represents the interval at which XM Satellite Radio broadcasts new signals that may or may not contain new
weather data. It does not represent the rate at which weather data is updated or new content is received by
the Data Link Receiver. Weather data is updated at intervals that are defined and controlled by XM Satellite
Radio and its data vendors.
Weather Product
Symbol
Next-generation Radar
(NEXRAD)
Cloud Top
(CLD TOP)
Echo Top
(ECHO TOP)
XM Lightning
(LTNG)
Cell Movement
(CELL MOV)
SIGMETs/AIRMETs
(SIG/AIR)
Meteorological Aerodrome Report
(METARs)
City Forecast
(CITY)
Surface Analysis
(SFC)
Freezing Levels
(FRZ LVL)
Winds Aloft
(WIND)
County Warnings
(COUNTY)
Cyclone Warnings
(CYCLONE)
Radar Coverage
(RADAR CVRG)
Temporary Flight Restrictions
(TFRs)
Terminal Aerodrome Reports
(TAFs)
No product
image
No product
image
No product
image
Expiration Time
(Minutes)
Refresh Rate
(Minutes)
30
5
60
15
30
7.5
30
5
30
12
60
12
90
12
60
12
60
12
60
12
60
12
60
5
60
12
30
5
60
12
60
12
Table 6-1 Weather Product Symbols and Data Timing
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Cloud Top (CLD TOP)
+
Echo Top (ECHO TOP)
+
Flight Plan Pages
+
Nearest Page Group
+
AUX - Trip Planning
Page
+
Weather Information
Page
Weather Data Link
Page
NEXRAD
Navigation Map Page
Weather Product
PFD Inset Map
This table shows which XM products can be displayed (indicated with a ‘+’ symbol) on specific maps.
+
+
+
XM Lightning (LTNG)
+
+
+
+
+
+
Cell Movement (CELL MOV)
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
SIGMETs/AIRMETs (SIG/AIR)
+
METARs
+
City Forecast (CITY)
+
Surface Analysis (SFC)
+
Freezing Levels (FRZ LVL)
+
Winds Aloft (WIND)
+
County Warnings (COUNTY)
+
Cyclone Warnings (CYCLONE)
+
Radar Coverage
TFRs
TAFs
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
Table 6-2 Weather Product Display Maps
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WEATHER SOFTKEYS ON THE WEATHER DATA LINK PAGE
Softkeys control the display of weather information on most MFD pages and the PFD Inset Map (The figure
shows the weather product softkeys for the Weather Data Link Page). When a weather product is selected
for display, the corresponding softkey label changes to gray to indicate the product is enabled. Unavailable
weather products have subdued softkey labels (softkeys are disabled from selection).
NEXRAD ECHO TOP CLD TOP
ENGINE
SFC OFF
FRZ LVL
LTNG
CELL MOV
SIG/AIR
METAR
WIND OFF COUNTY CYCLONE
SFC Softkey label changes
to reflect current selection.
LEGEND MORE WX CHKLIST
LEGEND
Press the BACK Softkey to
return to the top-level softkeys.
WIND Softkey label changes
to reflect current selection.
OFF
CURRENT
12 HR
24 HR
36 HR
48 HR
BACK
LEGEND
BACK
PREV
OFF
SFC
3000
6000
9000
12000
15000
NEXT
LEGEND
BACK
PREV
OFF
18000
21000
24000
27000
30000
33000
NEXT
LEGEND
BACK
PREV
OFF
36000
39000
42000
NEXT
LEGEND
BACK
PREV and NEXT softkeys cycle through
Winds Aloft altitude selection softkeys.
Figure 6-3 Weather Softkeys
The setup menus for the Navigation Map Page and the Weather Data Link Page control the map range settings
above which weather products data are decluttered from the display. If a map range larger than the weather
product map range setting is selected, the weather product data is removed from the map. The menus also
provide a means in addition to the softkeys for enabling/disabling display of weather products.
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Setting up and customizing the Weather Data Link Page:
1) Select the Weather Data Link Page.
2) Press the MENU Key.
3) With ‘Weather Setup’ highlighted, press the ENT Key (Figure 6-4).
4) Turn the large FMS Knob or press the ENT Key to scroll though product selections (Figure 6-5).
5) Turn the small FMS Knob to scroll though options for each product (ON/OFF, range settings, etc.).
6) Press the ENT Key to select an option.
7) Press the FMS Knob or CLR Key to return to the Weather Data Link Page with the changed settings.
Figure 6-4 Weather Data Link Page Menu
Figure 6-5 Weather Data Link Page Setup Menu
Restoring default Weather Data Link Page settings:
1) Select the Weather Data Link Page.
2) Press the MENU Key.
3) With ‘Weather Setup’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
4) Press the MENU Key.
5) Highlight the desired default(s) to restore (all or for selection) and press ENT Key.
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Maps besides the Weather Data Link Page use settings based on those selected for the Navigation Map Page.
Setting up and customizing weather data for the Navigation Map Page:
1) Select the Navigation Map Page.
2) Press the MENU Key.
3) With ‘Map Setup’ highlighted, press the ENT Key (Figure 6-6).
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the ‘Weather’ Group and press the ENT Key (Figure 6-7).
5) Turn the large FMS Knob or press the ENT Key to scroll though product selections (Figure 6-8).
6) Turn the small FMS Knob to scroll though options for each product (ON/OFF, range settings).
7) Press the ENT Key to select an option.
8) Press the FMS Knob or CLR Key to return to the Navigation Map Page with the changed settings.
Figure 6-6 Navigation Map Page Menu
Figure 6-7 Navigation Map Page Setup Menu
6-8
Figure 6-8 Navigation Map Page Setup Menu, Weather Group
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Each active weather product has an associated legend which can be displayed on the Weather Data Link Page.
Weather product legends are not interchangeable.
Viewing legends for displayed weather products
1) Select the Weather Data Link Page.
2) Press the LEGEND Softkey to display the legends for the displayed weather products.
OR:
a) Press the MENU Key.
b) Select ‘Weather Legend’ and press the ENT Key.
3) Turn the FMS Knob to scroll through the legends if more are available than fit in the window.
4) To remove the Legend Window, press the LEGEND Softkey, the ENT or the CLR Key, or press the FMS Knob.
Additional information about the following can be displayed by panning over the display on the map:
• Echo Tops
• METARs
• Cell Movement
• County Warnings
• SIGMETs
• TFRs
• AIRMETs
The map panning feature is enabled by pressing the Joystick. The map range is adjusted by turning the
Joystick. If the map range is adjusted while panning is enabled, the map is re-centered on the Map Pointer.
Additional Information
on Weather Feature
Selected with Map
Pointer
Tornado Warning
Selected With
Map Pointer
Figure 6-9 Panning on the Weather Data Link Page
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NEXRAD
NOTE: NEXRAD cannot be displayed at the same time as map topography and/or terrain.
WSR-88D, or NEXRAD (NEXt-generation RADar), is a network of 158 high-resolution Doppler radar
systems that are operated by the National Weather Service (NWS). NEXRAD data provides centralized
meteorological information for the continental United States and selected overseas locations. The maximum
range of a single NEXRAD radar site is 250 nm. In addition to a wide array of services, the NEXRAD network
provides important information about severe weather for air traffic safety.
NEXRAD data is not real-time. The lapsed time between collection, processing, and dissemination of
NEXRAD images can be significant and may not reflect the current radar synopsis. Due to the inherent delays
and the relative age of the data, it should be used for long-range planning purposes only. Never use NEXRAD
data or any radar data to penetrate hazardous weather. Rather, use it in an early-warning capacity of predeparture and enroute evaluation.
Figure 6-10 NEXRAD Data on the Weather Data Link Page
NEXRAD data can be displayed on the following maps:
• PFD Inset Map
• Trip Planning Page
• Navigation Map Page
• Nearest Pages
• Weather Data Link Page
• Flight Plan Pages
• Airport Information Page
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Displaying NEXRAD weather information:
1) Press the MAP Softkey (for the PFD Inset Map, press the INSET Softkey). This step is not necessary on the
Weather Data Link Page.
2) Press the NEXRAD Softkey.
Composite data from all the NEXRAD radar sites in the United States is shown. This data is composed of
the maximum reflectivity from the individual radar sweeps. The display of the information is color-coded
to indicate the weather severity level. All weather product legends can be viewed on the Weather Data Link
Page. For the NEXRAD legend, select the LEGEND Softkey when NEXRAD is selected for display.
No Radar Coverage
Figure 6-11 NEXRAD Data with Legend
The display of radar coverage is always active when either NEXRAD or ECHO TOPS is selected. Areas
where NEXRAD radar coverage and Echo Tops information is not currently available or is not being collected
are indicated in grayish-purple. Radar capability exists in these areas, but it is not active or is off-line.
REFLECTIVITY
Reflectivity is the amount of transmitted power returned to the radar receiver. Colors on the NEXRAD
display are directly correlated to the level of detected reflectivity. Reflectivity as it relates to hazardous
weather can be very complex.
The role of radar is essentially to detect moisture in the atmosphere. Simply put, certain types of weather
reflect radar better than others. The intensity of a radar reflection is not necessarily an indication of the
weather hazard level. For instance, wet hail returns a strong radar reflection, while dry hail does not. Both
wet and dry hail can be extremely hazardous.
The different NEXRAD echo intensities are measured in decibels (dB) relative to reflectivity (Z). NEXRAD
measures the radar reflectivity ratio, or the energy reflected back to the radar receiver (designated by the
letter Z). The value of Z increases as the returned signal strength increases.
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NEXRAD LIMITATIONS
NEXRAD radar images may have certain limitations:
• NEXRAD base reflectivity does not provide sufficient information to determine cloud layers or precipitation
characteristics (wet hail vs. rain). For example, it is not possible to distinguish between wet snow, wet
hail, and rain.
• NEXRAD base reflectivity is sampled at the minimum antenna elevation angle. An individual NEXRAD
site cannot depict high altitude storms at close ranges. It has no information about storms directly over
the site.
• When zoomed in to a range of 30 nm, each square block on the display represents an area of four square
kilometers. The intensity level reflected by each square represents the highest level of NEXRAD data
sampled within the area.
Block Area is 4 km2
Figure 6-12 NEXRAD Data - Zoomed
The following may cause abnormalities in displayed NEXRAD radar images:
• Ground clutter
• Strobes and spurious radar data
• Sun strobes (when the radar antenna points directly at the sun)
• Interference from buildings or mountains, which may cause shadows
• Metallic dust from military aircraft, which can cause alterations in radar scans
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ECHO TOPS
NOTE: Display of Echo Tops is mutually exclusive with Cloud Tops and NEXRAD.
Echo Tops data shows the location, elevation, and direction of the highest radar echo. The highest radar echo
does not indicate the top of a storm or clouds; rather it indicates the highest altitude at which precipitation is
detected. Information is derived from NEXRAD data.
Figure 6-13 Echo Tops Data
Displaying Echo Tops information:
1) Select the Weather Data Link Page.
2) Press the ECHO TOPS Softkey.
To display the Echo Tops legend, press the LEGEND Softkey when Echo Tops is selected for display. Since
Echo Tops and Cloud Tops use the same color scaling to represent altitude, display of these weather products
is mutually exclusive. When Echo Tops is activated, NEXRAD and Cloud Tops data are removed.
No Radar Coverage
Figure 6-14 ECHO TOPS Legend
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The display of radar coverage is always active when either NEXRAD or ECHO TOPS is selected. Areas
where NEXRAD radar coverage and Echo Tops information is not currently available or is not being collected
are indicated in grayish-purple. Radar capability exists in these areas, but it is not active or is off-line.
CLOUD TOPS
NOTE: Cloud Tops and Echo Tops cannot be displayed at the same time.
Cloud Tops data depicts cloud top altitudes as determined from satellite imagery.
Figure 6-15 Cloud Tops Data
Displaying Cloud Tops information:
1) Select the Weather Data Link Page.
2) Press the CLOUD TOPS Softkey.
To display the Cloud Tops legend, select the LEGEND Softkey when Cloud Tops is selected for display.
Since Cloud Tops and Echo Tops use the same color scaling to represent altitude, display of these weather
products is mutually exclusive. When Cloud Tops is activated, Echo Tops data is removed.
Figure 6-16 Cloud Tops Legend
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XM LIGHTNING
Lightning data shows the approximate location of cloud-to-ground lightning strikes. A strike icon represents
a strike that has occurred within a two-kilometer region. The exact location of the lightning strike is not
displayed.
Lightning
Strikes
Figure 6-17 Lightning Data
XM Lightning data displays on the following maps:
• PFD Inset Map
• Trip Planning Page
• Navigation Map Page
• Nearest Pages
• Weather Data Link Page
• Flight Plan Pages
Displaying XM Lightning information:
1) Press the MAP Softkey (for the PFD Inset Map, press the INSET Softkey). This step is not necessary on the
Weather Data Link Page.
2) Press the XM LTNG Softkey (LTNG Softkey on the Weather Data Link Page).
To display the XM Lightning legend on the Weather Data Link Page, select the LEGEND Softkey when XM
Lightning is selected for display.
Figure 6-18 Lightning Legend
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CELL MOVEMENT
Cell Movement data shows the location and movement of storm cells as identified by the ground-based
system. Cells are represented by yellow squares, with direction of movement indicated with short, orange
arrows.
Storm Cells
Figure 6-19 Cell Movement Data
On most applicable maps, Cell Movement data is selected for display along with NEXRAD. On the Weather
Data Link Page, Cell Movement data can be selected independently. Cell Movement data can be displayed
on the following maps:
• PFD Inset Map
• AUX - Trip Planning Page
•Navigation Map
• Nearest Pages
Displaying Cell Movement information:
1) Press the MAP Softkey (for the PFD Inset Map, press the INSET Softkey). This step is not necessary on the
Weather Data Link Page.
2) Press the NEXRAD Softkey (CEL MOV Softkey on the Weather Data Link Page). For Cell Movement to be
displayed on maps other than the Weather Data Link Page, Cell Movement must be turned on in the Navigation
Map Setup Menu (see “Setting Up XM Satellite Weather”).
To display the Cell Movement legend on the Weather Data Link Page, press the LEGEND Softkey when
Cell Movement is selected for display.
Figure 6-20 Cell Movement Legend
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SIGMETS AND AIRMETS
SIGMETs (SIGnificant METeorological Information) and AIRMETs (AIRmen’s METeorological Information)
are broadcast for potentially hazardous weather considered of extreme importance to all aircraft. A Convective
SIGMET is issued for hazardous convective weather. A localized SIGMET is a significant weather condition
occurring at a localized geographical position.
AIRMET
SIGMET
Figure 6-21 SIGMET/AIRMET Data
Displaying SIGMETs and AIRMETs:
1) Select the Weather Data Link Page.
2) Press the SIG/AIR Softkey.
3) To view the text of the SIGMET or AIRMET, press the Joystick and move the Map Pointer over the icon.
4) Press the ENT key. The figure below shows a sample of SIGMET text.
To display the SIGMET and AIRMET legend, select the LEGEND Softkey when SIGMETs and AIRMETs are
selected for display.
Figure 6-22 Sample SIGMET Text
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Figure 6-23 SIGMET/AIRMET Legend
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METARS AND TAFS
NOTE: Atmospheric pressure as reported for METARs is given in hectopascals (hPa), except in the United
States, where it is reported in inches of mercury (in Hg). Temperatures are reported in Celsius.
NOTE: METAR information is only displayed within the installed aviation database service area.
METAR (METeorological Aerodrome Report) is the standard format for pre-flight weather briefings.
METARs are updated hourly and are considered current. METARs typically contain information about the
temperature, dewpoint, wind, precipitation, cloud cover, cloud heights, visibility, and barometric pressure.
They can also contain information on precipitation amounts, lightning, and other critical data. METARs are
shown as colored flags at airports that provide them.
Instructions for Viewing
METAR and TAF Text
Selected Airport
Figure 6-24 METAR Flags on the Weather Data Link Page
TAF (Terminal Aerodrome Report) is the standard format for 24-hour weather forecasts. TAFs may contain
some METAR data, but generally cover a smaller area. It typically forecasts significant weather changes,
temporary changes, probable changes, and expected changes in weather conditions.
METAR and TAF text are displayed on the Weather Information Page. METAR data is displayed first in a
decoded fashion, then as raw text. TAF information is displayed only in its raw form.
Displaying METAR and TAF text:
1) On the Weather Data Link Page, press the METAR Softkey.
2) Press the Joystick and pan to the desired airport.
3) Press the ENT Key. The Weather Information Page is shown with METAR and TAF text.
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4) Use the FMS Knob or the ENT Key to scroll through the METAR and TAF text. METAR text must be completely
scrolled through before scrolling through the TAF text.
5) Press the FMS Knob or the CLR Key to return to the Weather Data Link Page.
OR:
1) Select the Weather Information Page.
a) Select the first rectangular page in the Waypoint Page Group.
b) Press the WX Softkey to select the Weather Information Page.
2) Press the FMS Knob to display the cursor.
3) Use the FMS Knob to enter the desired airport and press the ENT Key.
4) Use the FMS Knob or the ENT Key to scroll through the METAR and TAF text. Note that the METAR text must
be completely scrolled through before scrolling through the TAF text.
METAR Text for the
Selected Airport
METAR Symbol
TAF Text for the
Selected Airport
Figure 6-25 METAR and TAF Text on the Weather Information Page
To display the METAR legend on the Weather Data Link Page, press the LEGEND Softkey when METARs
are selected for display.
Figure 6-26 METAR Legend
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SURFACE ANALYSIS AND CITY FORECAST
NOTE: Surface Analysis and City Forecast data are displayed only within the installed Aviation Database
service area.
Surface Analysis and City Forecast information is available for current and forecast weather conditions.
Forecasts are available for intervals of 12, 24, 36, and 48 hours.
Figure 6-27 Current Surface Analysis Data
Displaying Surface Analysis and City Forecast information:
1) Select the Weather Data Link Page.
2) Press the MORE WX Softkey.
3) Press the SFC Softkey.
4) Select the desired forecast time: CURRENT, 12 HR, 24 HR, 36 HR, or 48 HR. The SFC Softkey label changes
to reflect the forecast time selected.
To display the Surface Analysis and City Forecast legend, press the LEGEND Softkey when Surface Analysis
and City Forecast are selected to be displayed.
Figure 6-28 Surface Analysis Legend
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FREEZING LEVELS
Freezing Level data shows the color-coded contour lines for the altitude and location at which the first
isotherm is found. When no data is displayed for a given altitude, the data for that altitude has not been
received, or is out of date and has been removed from the display. New data appears at the next update.
Figure 6-29 Freezing Level Data
Displaying Freezing Level information:
1) Select the Weather Data Link Page.
2) Press the MORE WX Softkey.
3) Press the FRZ LVL Softkey.
To display the Freezing Level legend, press the LEGEND Softkey when Freezing Level data is selected to
be displayed.
Figure 6-30 Freezing Level Legend
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WINDS ALOFT
Winds Aloft data shows the forecasted wind speed and direction at the surface and at selected altitudes.
Altitude can be displayed in 3,000-foot increments up to 42,000 feet MSL.
Displaying Winds Aloft data:
1) Select the Weather Data Link Page.
2) Press the MORE WX Softkey.
3) Press the WIND Softkey.
4) Select the desired altitude level: SFC (surface) up to 42,000 feet. Press the NEXT or PREV Softkey to cycle
through the altitude softkeys. The WIND Softkey label changes to reflect the altitude selected.
Figure 6-31 Winds Aloft Data at 27,000 Feet
To display the Winds Aloft legend, press the LEGEND Softkey when Winds Aloft is selected for display.
Figure 6-32 Winds Aloft Data with Legend
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COUNTY WARNINGS
County data provides specific public awareness and protection weather warnings from the National Weather
Service (NWS). This can include information on fires, tornadoes, severe thunderstorms, flood conditions,
and other natural disasters.
Additional Information on
Flood Warning Selected
with Map Pointer
Flood Warning
Figure 6-33 County Flood Warning
Displaying County Warning information:
1) Select the Weather Data Link Page.
2) Select the MORE WX Softkey.
3) Select the COUNTY Softkey.
To display the County Warnings legend, select the LEGEND Softkey when County Warnings are selected
to be displayed.
Figure 6-34 County Warnings Legend
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CYCLONE
The Cyclone weather product shows the current location of cyclones (hurricanes) and their projected
tracks.
Figure 6-35 Cyclone Data Selected for Display
Displaying cyclone (hurricane) track information:
1) Select the Weather Data Link Page.
2) Select the MORE WX Softkey.
3) Select the CYCLONE Softkey.
To display the Cyclone legend, press the LEGEND Softkey when Cyclones are selected to be displayed.
Figure 6-36 Cyclone Legend
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6.2 WX-500 STORMSCOPE (OPTIONAL)
NOTE: The Stormscope system is not intended for hazardous thunderstorm penetration. Weather information
on the G1000 MFD is approved for weather avoidance only. Refer to the WX-500 User’s Guide for a detailed
description of Stormscope operation.
The following pages can display Stormscope data:
• Stormscope Page
• Navigation Map
• AUX - Trip Planning Page
• Nearest Pages
To display Stormscope data on the Navigation Map, AUX - Trip Planning Page, or any of the Nearest Pages,
press the MAP Softkey, then press the STRMSCP Softkey. These pages can also display cell or strike data using
the yellow lightning strike symbology shown below.
Lightning Age
Strike is less than 6 seconds old
Strike is between 6 and 60 seconds old
Strike is between 1 and 2 minutes old
Strike is between 2 and 3 minutes old
Symbol
Table 6-3 Lightning Age and Symbols
SETTING UP STORMSCOPE ON THE NAVIGATION MAP
1) On the Navigation Map Page, press the MENU Key.
2) Select the Map Setup option (Figure 6-37) and press the ENT Key.
3) Select the Weather group (Figure 6-38).
4) Press the ENT Key.
5) Turn the large FMS Knob to select STRMSCP LTNG.
6) Turn the small FMS Knob to select ON.
7) Press the FMS Knob to return to the Navigation Map Page (Figure 6-39).
Figure 6-37 Page Menu
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Figure 6-38 Map Setup Menu
CELL AND STRIKE MODE ON THE NAVIGATION MAP
On the Navigation Map, cell mode identifies cells of lightning activity (Figure 6-39). Stormscope identifies
clusters of electrical activity that indicate cells. Strike mode indicates the approximate location of lightning
strikes.
Selecting the Cell or Strike mode on the Navigation Map:
1) Press the MENU Key.
2) With Map Setup selected, press the ENT Key.
3) Select the Weather group.
4) Press the ENT Key. The cursor flashes on STRMSCP LTNG.
5) Turn the large FMS Knob to select STRMSCP MODE.
6) Turn the small FMS Knob to change between CELL and STRIKE options. When an item is selected, press the ENT
Key.
7) Press the FMS Knob to return to the Navigation Map Page.
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Figure 6-39 Navigation Map Page with Stormscope
Lightning Data
If heading input is lost, strikes and/or cells must be cleared manually after the execution of each turn. This
is to ensure that the strike and/or cell positions are depicted accurately in relation to the nose of the aircraft.
Manually clearing Stormscope data on the Navigation Map:
1) Press the MENU Key.
2) Select Clear Stormscope Lightning.
3) Press the ENT Key.
Figure 6-40 Navigation Map Page Options Menu
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ZOOM RANGE ON THE NAVIGATION MAP
Stormscope lightning data can be displayed up to 800 nm zoom range (in North up mode) on the Navigation
Map Page. However, in the track up mode at the 500 nm range, a portion of Stormscope lightning data can
be behind the aircraft and therefore not visible on the Navigation Map. Since the range for Stormscope data
is 400 nm diameter total (200 nm in front and 200 nm behind), the 500 nm range in North up mode shows
all the data.
At a map range of less than 25 nm, Stormscope lightning data is not displayed, but can still be present. The
presence of Stormscope lightning data is indicated by the annunciation LTNG < 25 nm in the upper right
corner.
Figure 6-41 Lightning Display Range Annunciation
The maximum zoom range can also be set on the Navigation Map. Note that Stormscope data above the
selected maximum zoom range is decluttered.
Selecting a Stormscope range on the Navigation Map:
1) Press the MENU Key.
2) Select MAP SETUP.
3) Select the Weather group.
4) Press the ENT Key.
5) Turn the large FMS Knob to select STRMSCP SMBL.
6) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the maximum display range.
7) Press the ENT Key.
8) Press the FMS Knob to return to the Navigation Map Page.
To change the display range on the Navigation Map Page, turn the Joystick clockwise to zoom out or
counter-clockwise to zoom in.
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SELECTING THE STORMSCOPE PAGE
If Stormscope is installed, the Stormscope Page is the third rectangular icon in the Map group of pages.
Stormscope lightning data can be displayed at the ranges of 25 nm, 50 nm, 100 nm, and 200 nm. Lightning
data can be displayed in CELL or STRIKE mode in the 360˚ or 120˚ view.
Figure 6-42 Stormscope Page
Changing between Cell and Strike mode on the Stormscope Page:
1) Select the Stormscope Page.
2) Press the MODE Softkey. The CELL and STRIKE softkeys are displayed.
3) Press the CELL Softkey to display CELL data or press the STRIKE Softkey to display STRIKE data. CELL or STRIKE
is displayed in the mode box in the upper left corner of the Stormscope Page.
4) Press the BACK Softkey to return to the main Stormscope page.
Changing the viewing mode between 360˚ and 120˚ on the Stormscope Page:
1) Select the Stormscope Page.
2) Press the VIEW Softkey. The 360 and ARC softkeys are displayed. Press the 360 Softkey to display a 360˚
viewing area or press the ARC Softkey to display a 120˚ viewing area.
3) Press the BACK Softkey to return to the main Stormscope page.
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6.3 TERRAIN PROXIMITY
WARNING: Do not use Terrain Proximity information for primary terrain avoidance. Terrain Proximity is
intended only to enhance situational awareness.
NOTE: Terrain data is not displayed when the aircraft latitude is greater than 75° North or 60° South.
G1000 Terrain Proximity is a non-TSO-C151b-certified terrain awareness system. It increases situational
awareness and aids in reducing controlled flight into terrain (CFIT). Do not confuse Terrain Proximity with
Terrain Awareness and Warning System (TAWS). TAWS is more sophisticated and robust, and it is TSO-C151b
certified. Terrain Proximity does not provide warning annunciations or voice alerts. It only provides color
indications on map displays when terrain and obstacles are within a certain altitude threshold from the aircraft.
Although the terrain and obstacle color map displays are the same, TAWS uses more sophisticated algorithms to
assess aircraft distance from terrain and obstacles.
Terrain Proximity requires the following components to operate properly:
• Valid 3-D GPS position
• Valid terrain/obstacle database
Terrain Proximity displays altitudes of terrain and obstructions relative to the aircraft position and altitude with
reference to a database that may contain inaccuracies. Terrain and obstructions are shown only if they are in the
database. Terrain and obstacle information should be used as an aid to situational awareness. They should never
be used to navigate or maneuver around terrain.
Note that all obstructions may not be available in the terrain and obstacle database. No terrain and obstacle
information is shown without a valid 3-D GPS position.
The G1000 GPS receiver provides the horizontal position and altitude. GPS altitude is derived from satellite
position. GPS altitude is then converted to a mean sea level (MSL)-based altitude (GPS-MSL altitude) and is used
to determine terrain and obstacle proximity. GPS-MSL altitude accuracy is affected by satellite geometry, but is not
subject to variations in pressure and temperature that normally affect pressure altitude sensors. GPS-MSL altitude
does not require local altimeter settings to determine MSL altitude. It is a widely-used MSL altitude source.
Terrain and obstacle databases are referenced to MSL. Using the GPS position and altitude, the Terrain Proximity
feature portrays a 2-D picture of the surrounding terrain and obstacles relative to the position and altitude of the
aircraft. GPS position and GPS-MSL altitude are used to calculate and predict the aircraft’s flight path in relation
to the surrounding terrain and obstacles. In this way, the pilot can view predicted dangerous terrain and obstacle
conditions.
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DISPLAYING TERRAIN PROXIMITY DATA
The symbols and colors shown in the figure and table below are used to represent obstacles and aircraft
altitude when the Terrain Proximity Page is selected for display. Terrain Proximity uses black, yellow, and red
to represent terrain information relative to aircraft altitude. The color of each obstacle is associated with the
altitude of the aircraft.
Terrain Above Aircraft Altitude
Red terrain is above
or within 100 ft below
the aircraft altitude
Aircraft Altitude
100 ft Threshold
1000 ft
Yellow terrain is between 100 ft and 1000 ft below the aircraft altitude
Black terrain is more than 1000 ft below the aircraft altitude
Figure 6-43 Terrain Altitude/Color Correlation for Terrain Proximity
Unlighted Obstacle
Lighted Obstacle
< 1000’ AGL > 1000’ AGL < 1000’ AGL > 1000’ AGL
Obstacle Location
Red obstacle is above or within 100 ft
below the aircraft altitude
Yellow obstacle is between 100 ft and
1000 ft below the aircraft altitude
Table 6-4 Terrain Proximity Terrain/Obstacle Colors and Symbology
Terrain and obstacle information can be displayed on the following pages:
• PFD Inset Map
• Trip Planning Page
• Navigation Map Page
• Flight Plan Page
• Terrain Proximity Page
Displaying terrain and obstacle information (maps other than the Terrain Proximity Page):
1) Press the MAP Softkey (for the PFD Inset Map, select the INSET Softkey).
2) Press the TERRAIN Softkey to display terrain and obstacle data.
When Terrain Proximity is selected on maps other than the Terrain Proximity Page, an icon to indicate the
feature is enabled for display and a legend for Terrain Proximity colors is shown.
The Navigation Map Page Setup Menu provides a means in addition to the softkey for enabling/disabling
display of terrain and obstacles. The setup menu also controls the map range settings above which terrain and
obstacle data are decluttered from the display. If a map range larger than the map range setting is selected, the
data is removed from the map.
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Terrain data can be selected for display independently of obstacle data; however, obstacles recognized by
Terrain Proximity as yellow or red are shown when terrain is selected for display and the map range is within
the setting limit.
Maps besides the Terrain Proximity Page use settings based on those selected for the Navigation Map Page.
The maximum display ranges for obstacles on each map are dependent on the range setting made for the
Navigation Map. If the maximum range for obstacle display on the Navigation Map is adjusted to below 20 nm,
the highest obstacle display range settings on the other applicable maps are also adjusted proportionally.
Customizing terrain and obstacle display on the Navigation Map Page:
1) Select the Navigation Map Page.
2) Press the MENU Key.
3) With ‘Map Setup’ highlighted, press the ENT Key (Figure 6-44).
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the ‘Map’ Group and press the ENT Key (Figure 6-45).
5) Turn the large FMS Knob or press the ENT Key to scroll though product selections (Figure 6-46).
• TERRAIN DATA – Turns the display of terrain data on or off and sets maximum range at which terrain is shown
• OBSTACLE DATA – Turns the display of obstacle data on or off and sets maximum range at which obstacles are shown
6) Turn the small FMS Knob to scroll though options for each product (ON/OFF, range settings).
7) Press the ENT Key to select an option.
8) Press the FMS Knob or CLR Key to return to the Navigation Map Page with the changed settings.
Figure 6-44 Navigation Map Page Menu
Figure 6-45 Navigation Map Page Setup Menu
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Figure 6-46 Navigation Map Page Setup Menu, Map Group
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Additional information about obstacles can be displayed by panning over the display on the map. The map
panning feature is enabled by pressing the Joystick. The map range is adjusted by turning the Joystick. If the
map range is adjusted while panning is enabled, the map is re-centered on the Map Pointer.
Additional Information
on Obstacle Selected
with Map Pointer
Red Lighted Obstacles
(Above or Within 100’
Below Aircraft Altitude)
Red Terrain Area
(Above or Within 100’
Below Aircraft Altitude)
Yellow Terrain Area
(Between 100’ and 1000’
Below Aircraft Altitude)
Lighted Obstacle Selected
with Map Pointer
Terrain Display Enabled
Terrain Legend
Figure 6-47 Terrain Information on the Navigation Map Page
TERRAIN PROXIMITY PAGE
The Terrain Proximity Page is specialized to show terrain and obstacle data in relation to the aircraft’s current
altitude, without clutter from the basemap. Aviation data (airports, VORs, and other NAVAIDs) can be displayed
for reference.
Aircraft orientation on this map is always heading up unless there is no valid heading. Two views are available
relative to the position of the aircraft: the 360° default display and the radar-like ARC (120°) display. Map range
is adjustable with the Joystick from 1 to 200 nm, as indicated by the map range rings (or arcs).
Displaying the Terrain Proximity Page:
1) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the Map Page Group.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the last rectangular page icon.
3) To change the view,
a) Press the VIEW Softkey.
b) Press the 360 or ARC Softkey to select the desired view.
OR:
a) Press the MENU Key.
b) Select ‘View 120º’ or ‘View 360º’ (choice dependent on current state) and press the ENT Key to change the view.
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Showing/hiding aviation information on the Terrain Proximity Page:
1) Press the MENU Key.
2) Select ‘Show Aviation Data’ or ‘Hide Aviation Data’ (choice dependent on current state) and press the ENT Key.
Map Orientation
Current Aircraft
GPS-derived MSL
Altitude
Black Terrain
(More than 1000’
Below the Aircraft
Altitude)
Map Range Rings
Yellow Terrain
(Between 100’ and
1000’ Below the
Aircraft Altitude)
Red Terrain
(Above or Within
100’ Below the
Aircraft Altitude)
Terrain Legend
Figure 6-48 Terrain Proximity Page
Yellow Terrain
(Between 100’ and 1000’
Below the Aircraft Altitude)
Map Range Arcs
Red Terrain
(Above or Within 100’
Below the Aircraft Altitude)
Black Terrain (Terrain More
than 1000’ Below the
Aircraft Altitude)
Terrain Legend
Figure 6-49 Terrain Proximity Page (ARC View)
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6.4 TERRAIN AWARENESS AND WARNING SYSTEM (TAWS - OPTIONAL)
NOTE: The data contained in the TAWS databases comes from government agencies. Garmin accurately
processes and cross-validates the data but cannot guarantee the accuracy and completeness of the data.
TAWS (Terrain Awareness and Warning System) is an optional feature to increase situational awareness and aid
in reducing controlled flight into terrain (CFIT). TAWS provides visual and aural annunciations when terrain and
obstacles are within the given altitude threshold from the aircraft. The displayed alerts and warnings are advisory
in nature only.
Terrain information should be used as an aid to situational awareness. Never use it for navigation or to maneuver
to avoid terrain. Never use this information for navigation or to maneuver to avoid obstacles.
TAWS satisfies TSO-C151b Class B requirements for certification. Class B TAWS is required for all Part 91
aircraft operations with six or more passenger seats and for Part 135 turbine aircraft operations with six to nine
passenger seats (FAR Parts 91.223, 135.154).
TAWS requires the following to operate properly:
• A valid terrain/obstacle/airport terrain database
• A valid 3-D GPS position solution
TAWS uses terrain and obstacle information supplied by government sources. Terrain information is based on
terrain elevation information in a database that may contain inaccuracies. Individual obstructions may be shown
if available in the database. The data undergoes verification by Garmin to confirm accuracy of the content, per
TSO-C151b. However, the displayed information should never be understood as being all-inclusive and data
may be inaccurate.
TAWS uses information provided from the GPS receiver to provide a horizontal position and altitude. GPS
altitude is derived from satellite measurements. GPS altitude is converted to a mean sea level (MSL)-based altitude
(GPS-MSL altitude) and is used to determine TAWS alerts. GPS-MSL altitude accuracy is affected by factors such
as satellite geometry, but it is not subject to variations in pressure and temperature that normally affect pressure
altitude devices. GPS-MSL altitude does not require local altimeter settings to determine MSL altitude. Therefore,
GPS altitude provides a highly accurate and reliable MSL altitude source to calculate terrain and obstacle alerts.
The terrain and obstacle databases used by TAWS are referenced to mean sea level (MSL). Using the GPS
position and GPS-MSL altitude, TAWS displays a 2-D picture of the surrounding terrain and obstacles relative to
the position and altitude of the aircraft. Furthermore, the GPS position and GPS-MSL altitude are used to calculate
and “predict” the aircraft’s flight path in relation to the surrounding terrain and obstacles. In this manner, TAWS
can provide advanced alerts of predicted dangerous terrain conditions.
Baro-corrected altitude (or indicated altitude) is derived by adjusting the altimeter setting for local atmospheric
conditions. The most accurate baro-corrected altitude can be achieved by frequently updating the altimeter setting
to the nearest reporting station along the flight path. However, because actual atmosphere conditions seldom
match the standard conditions defined by the International Standard Atmosphere (ISA) model (where pressure,
temperature, and lapse rates have fixed values), it is common for the baro-corrected altitude (as read from the
altimeter) to differ from the GPS-MSL altitude. This variation results in the aircraft’s true altitude differing from
the baro-corrected altitude.
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DISPLAYING TAWS DATA
TAWS uses yellow (caution) and red (warning) to depict terrain and obstacles (with heights greater than 200
feet above ground level, AGL) alerts relative to aircraft altitude. Colors are adjusted automatically as the aircraft
altitude changes. The colors and symbols shown in the figure and table below are used to represent terrain,
obstacles, and potential impact points.
Potential
Impact
Point
Projected Flight Path
100 ft Threshold
Unlighted Obstacle
WARNING:
Red terrain is above
or within 100 ft below
the aircraft altitude
1000 ft
CAUTION:
Yellow terrain is between 100 ft and 1000 ft below the aircraft altitude
Black terrain is more than 1000 ft below the aircraft altitude
Figure 6-50 Terrain Altitude/Color Correlation for TAWS
Unlighted Obstacle
Lighted Obstacle
Potential
< 1000’ AGL > 1000’ AGL < 1000’ AGL > 1000’ AGL Impact Points
Obstacle Location
WARNING: Red obstacle is above or within
100’ below current aircraft altitude
CAUTION: Yellow obstacle is between 100’
and 1000’ below current aircraft altitude
Table 6-5 TAWS Obstacle Colors and Symbology
TAWS information can be displayed on the following maps:
• PFD Inset Map
• Trip Planning Page
• Navigation Map Page
• Flight Plan Pages
• TAWS Page
Displaying terrain and obstacle information (maps other than the TAWS Page):
1) Press the MAP Softkey (for the PFD Inset Map, select the INSET Softkey).
2) Press the TERRAIN Softkey to display terrain and obstacle data.
When TAWS is selected on maps other than the TAWS Page, an icon to indicate the feature is enabled for
display and a legend for TAWS terrain colors is shown.
The Navigation Map Page Setup Menu provides a means in addition to the softkey for enabling/disabling
display of terrain and obstacles. The setup menu also controls the map range settings above which terrain and
obstacle data are decluttered from the display. If a map range larger than the map range setting is selected, the
data is removed from the map.
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Terrain data can be selected for display independently of obstacle data; however, obstacles for which warnings
and cautions are issued are shown when terrain is selected for display and the map range is within the setting
limit.
Maps besides the TAWS Page use settings based on those selected for the Navigation Map Page. The maximum
display ranges for obstacles on each map are dependent on the range setting made for the Navigation Map. If
the maximum range for obstacle display on the Navigation Map is adjusted to below 20 nm, the highest obstacle
display range settings on the other applicable maps are also adjusted proportionally.
Customizing terrain and obstacle display on the Navigation Map Page:
1) Select the Navigation Map Page.
2) Press the MENU Key.
3) With ‘Map Setup’ highlighted, press the ENT Key (Figure 6-51).
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the ‘Map’ Group and press the ENT Key (Figure 6-52).
5) Turn the large FMS Knob or press the ENT Key to scroll though product selections (Figure 6-53).
• TERRAIN DATA – Turns the display of terrain data on or off and sets maximum range at which terrain is shown
• OBSTACLE DATA – Turns the display of obstacle data on or off and sets maximum range at which obstacles are shown
6) Turn the small FMS Knob to scroll though options for each product (ON/OFF, range settings).
7) Press the ENT Key to select an option.
8) Press the FMS Knob or CLR Key to return to the Navigation Map Page with the changed settings.
Figure 6-51 Navigation Map Page Menu
Figure 6-52 Navigation Map Page Setup Menu
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Figure 6-53 Navigation Map Page Setup Menu, Map Group
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TAWS PAGE
The TAWS Page is specialized to show terrain, obstacle, and potential impact point data in relation to the
aircraft’s current altitude, without clutter from the basemap. Aviation data (airports, VORs, and other NAVAIDs)
can be displayed for reference. If an obstacle and the projected flight path of the aircraft intersect, the display
automatically zooms in to the closest potential point of impact on the TAWS Page.
Aircraft orientation on this map is always heading up unless there is no valid heading. Two views are available
relative to the position of the aircraft: the 360° default display and the radar-like ARC (120°) display. Map range
is adjustable with the Joystick from 1 to 200 nm, as indicated by the map range rings (or arcs).
Displaying the TAWS Page:
1) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the Map Page Group.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the last rectangular page icon.
3) To change the view,
a) Press the VIEW Softkey.
b) Press the 360 or ARC Softkey to select the desired view.
OR:
a) Press the MENU Key.
b) Select ‘View 120º’ or ‘View 360º’ (choice dependent on current state) and press the ENT Key to change the view.
Showing/hiding aviation information on the TAWS Page:
1) Press the MENU Key.
2) Select ‘Show Aviation Data’ or ‘Hide Aviation Data’ (choice dependent on current state) and press the ENT Key.
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Red Terrain
(Warning - Terrain Above
or Within 100’ Below
the Aircraft Altitude)
Yellow Terrain
(Caution - Terrain Between
100’ and 1000’ Below the
Aircraft Altitude)
Black Terrain
(Terrain More than
1000’ Below the
Aircraft Altitude)
Map Range Rings
Terrain Legend
Figure 6-54 TAWS Page
Red Terrain
(Warning - Terrain Above
or Within 100’ Below
the Aircraft Altitude)
Map Range Arc
Yellow Terrain
(Caution - Terrain Between
100’ and 1000’ Below the
Aircraft Altitude)
Black Terrain (Terrain More
than 1000’ Below the
Aircraft Altitude)
Terrain Legend
Figure 6-55 TAWS Page (ARC View)
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TAWS ALERTS
Alerts are issued when flight conditions meet parameters that are set within TAWS software algorithms.
TAWS alerts typically employ a CAUTION or a WARNING alert severity level, or both. When an alert is issued,
visual annunciations are displayed and aural alerts are simultaneously issued. Table 6-6 shows TAWS alert
types with corresponding annunciations and aural messages.
When an alert is issued, annunciations appear on the PFD and MFD. The TAWS Alert Annunciation is shown
to the upper left of the Altimeter on the PFD and below the Terrain Legend on the MFD. If the TAWS Page is
not displayed at the time, a pop-up alert appears on the MFD. To acknowledge the pop-up alert:
• Press the CLR Key (returns to the currently viewed page), or
• Press the ENT Key (accesses the TAWS Page)
Alert Annunciation
Pop-up
Alert
Figure 6-56 TAWS Alert Annunciations
Terrain Display
Enabled
Terrain Legend
Alert Annunciation
Figure 6-57 Navigation Map Page
(After TAWS Pop-up Alert Acknowledgment)
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PFD/MFD Alert
Annunciation
Alert Type
MFD Pop-Up Alert
Aural Message
Excessive Descent Rate Warning
(EDR)
“Pull Up”
Imminent Terrain Impact
Warning (ITI)
or
* Terrain Ahead, Pull Up; Terrain Ahead, Pull Up’*
or
“Terrain, Terrain; Pull Up, Pull Up”
or
“Obstacle, Obstacle; Pull Up, Pull Up”*
or
“Obstacle Ahead, Pull Up; Obstacle Ahead, Pull Up”
or
* “Obstacle Ahead, Pull Up; Obstacle Ahead, Pull Up”
or
“Obstacle, Obstacle; Pull Up, Pull Up”
*
Reduced Required Obstacle
Clearance Warning (ROC)
Imminent Obstacle Impact
Warning (IOI)
Reduced Required Terrain
Clearance Caution (RTC)
*
“Caution, Terrain; Caution, Terrain”*
or
“Terrain Ahead; Terrain Ahead”
*
“Terrain Ahead; Terrain Ahead”*
or
“Caution, Terrain; Caution, Terrain”
*
“Caution, Obstacle; Caution, Obstacle”*
or
“Obstacle Ahead; Obstacle Ahead”
*
“Obstacle Ahead; Obstacle Ahead”*
or
“Caution, Obstacle; Caution, Obstacle”
or
Imminent Terrain Impact Caution
(ITI)
or
Reduced Required Obstacle
Clearance Caution (ROC)
or
Imminent Obstacle Impact
Caution (IOI)
or
Premature Descent Alert
Caution (PDA)
Altitude Callout “500”
Excessive Descent Rate Caution
(EDR)
Negative Climb Rate Caution
(NCR)
or
“Terrain, Terrain; Pull Up, Pull Up”*
or
“Terrain Ahead, Pull Up; Terrain Ahead, Pull Up”
*
Reduced Required Terrain
Clearance Warning (RTC)
“Too Low, Terrain”
None
None
“Five-Hundred”
“Sink Rate”
*
or
“Don’t Sink”*
or
“Too Low, Terrain”
* Alerts with multiple messages are configurable at installation and are installation-dependent. Alerts for the default
configuration are indicated with asterisks.
Table 6-6 TAWS Alerts Summary
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EXCESSIVE DESCENT RATE ALERT
The purpose of the Excessive Descent Rate (EDR) alert is to provide suitable notification when the
aircraft is determined to be closing (descending) upon terrain at an excessive speed. The figure below shows
the parameters for the alert as defined by TSO-C151b.
6000
5500
Height Above Terrain (Feet)
5000
4500
"
TE
A
KR
4000
IN
"S
3500
3000
2500
2000
1500
"PULL UP"
1000
500
0
2000
4000
6000
8000
10000
12000
Descent Rate (FPM)
Figure 6-58 Excessive Descent Rate Alert Criteria
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FORWARD LOOKING TERRAIN AVOIDANCE
Reduced Required Terrain Clearance (RTC) and Reduced Required Obstacle Clearance (ROC)
alerts are issued when the aircraft flight path is above terrain, yet is projected to come within the minimum
clearance values shown in the table. When an RTC alert is issued, a potential impact point is displayed on
the TAWS Page.
Imminent Terrain Impact (ITI) and Imminent Obstacle Impact (IOI) alerts are issued when the
aircraft is below the elevation of a terrain or obstacle cell in the aircraft’s projected path. ITI and IOI alerts are
accompanied by a potential impact point displayed on the TAWS Page. The alert is annunciated when the
projected vertical flight path is calculated to come within minimum clearance altitudes.
Flight Phase
Enroute
Terminal
Approach
Departure
Minimum Clearance Altitude (ft)
Level Flight
Descending
700
500
350
300
150
100
100
100
Table 6-7 FLTA Alert Minimum Terrain and Obstacle Clearance Values
During final approach, FLTA alerts are automatically inhibited when the aircraft is below 200 feet AGL
while within 0.5 nm of the approach runway or below 125 feet AGL while within 1.0 nm of the runway
threshold.
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PREMATURE DESCENT ALERTING
A Premature Descent Alert (PDA) is issued when the system detects that the aircraft is significantly
below the normal approach path to a runway.
PDA alerting begins when the aircraft is within 15 nm of the destination airport and ends when the aircraft
is either 0.5 nm from the runway threshold OR is at an altitude of 125 feet AGL while within 1.0 nm of the
threshold. During the final descent, algorithms will set a threshold for alerting based on speed, distance, and
other parameters.
Height Above Terrain (Feet)
700
600
500
400
300
PDA Alerting Area
200
100
Runway 1
Threshold
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
Distance From Destination Airport (nm)
Figure 6-59 PDA Alerting Threshold
PDA and FLTA aural and visual alerts can be manually inhibited. Discretion should be used when inhibiting
TAWS and the system should be enable when appropriate. When TAWS is inhibited, the alert annunciation
‘TAWS INHB’ is shown on the PFD and MFD.
Figure 6-60 TAWS Alerting Disabled
(TAWS Inhibited) Annunciation
Inhibiting/enabling TAWS alerting:
1) Select the TAWS Page.
2) Press the MENU Key.
3) Select ‘Inhibit TAWS’ or ‘Enable TAWS’ (choice dependent on current state) and press the ENT Key.
If TAWS alerts are inhibited when the Final Approach Fix is the active waypoint in a GPS WAAS approach,
a ‘LOW ALT’ annunciation may appear on the PFD next to the Altimeter if the current aircraft altitude is at
least 164 feet below the prescribed altitude at the Final Approach Fix. See the Flight Instruments Section for
details.
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FIVE-HUNDRED AURAL ALERT
The purpose of the aural alert message “Five-hundred” is to provide an advisory alert that the aircraft is 500
feet above terrain. When the aircraft descends within 500 feet of terrain, the aural message “Five-hundred” is
generated. There are no display annunciations or pop-up alerts that accompany the aural message.
NEGATIVE CLIMB RATE AFTER TAKEOFF ALERT (NCR)
The Negative Climb Rate (NCR) After Takeoff alert (also referred to as “Altitude Loss After Takeoff”)
provides alerts when the system determines the aircraft is losing altitude (closing upon terrain) after takeoff.
The aural message “Don’t Sink” is given for NCR alerts, accompanied by an annunciation and a pop-up terrain
alert on the display. NCR alerting is only active when departing from an airport and when the following
conditions are met:
• Height above the terrain is less than 700 feet
• Distance from the departure airport is 2 nm or less
• Heading change from the departure heading is less than 110 degrees
Height Above Terrain (Feet)
The figure below shows the NCR alerting parameters as defined by TSO-C151b.
1000
800
600
400
“DON’T SINK”
200
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
140
Height Above Terrain (Feet)
Altitude Loss (Feet)
1000
900
800
700
600
500
400
“DON’T SINK”
300
200
100
0
500
1000
1500
2000
2500
3000
3500
4000
Sink Rate (Feet Per Minute)
Figure 6-61 Negative Climb Rate (NCR) Alert Criteria
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SYSTEM STATUS
During G1000 power-up, TAWS conducts a self-test of its aural and visual annunciations. The system test can
also be manually initiated. An aural alert is issued at test completion. TAWS System Testing is disabled when
ground speed exceeds 30 knots.
PFD/MFD Alert TAWS Page
Annunciation Annunciation
Alert Type
System Test in Progress
None
System Test Pass
TAWS System Test Fail
Aural Message
TAWS TEST
None
None
“TAWS System Test OK”
TAWS FAIL
“TAWS System Failure”
Table 6-8 TAWS System Test Status Annunciations
Manually testing the TAWS System:
1) Select the TAWS Page.
2) Press the MENU Key.
3) Select ‘Test TAWS’ and press the ENT Key to confirm the selection.
Figure 6-62 TAWS Page Menu
TAWS continually monitors several system-critical items such as database validity, hardware status, and GPS
status. If the terrain/obstacle database is not available, the aural message “TAWS System Failure” is generated
along with the ‘TAWS FAIL’ alert annunciation.
TAWS requires a 3-D GPS navigation solution along with specific vertical accuracy minimums. Should the
navigation solution become degraded or if the aircraft is out of the database coverage area, the annunciation
‘TAWS N/A’ is generated in the annunciation window and on the TAWS Page. The aural message “TAWS Not
Available” is generated. When the GPS signal is re-established and the aircraft is within the database coverage
area, the aural message “TAWS Available” is generated.
PFD/MFD Alert
Annunciation
Alert Type
No GPS position
Excessively degraded GPS signal
GPS signal re-established
TAWS Page
Annunciation
Aural Message
NO GPS POSITION “TAWS Not Available”
None
None
“TAWS Available”
Table 6-9 TAWS Status Annunciations
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6.5 TRAFFIC INFORMATION SERVICE (TIS)
WARNING: The Traffic Information Service (TIS) is intended for advisory use only. TIS is intended to help the
pilot locate traffic visually. It is the responsibility of the pilot to see and maneuver to avoid traffic.
NOTE: TIS is available only when the aircraft is within the service volume of a TIS-capable terminal radar
site. Aircraft without an operating transponder are invisible to both Traffic Advisory Systems (TAS) and TIS.
Aircraft without altitude reporting capability are shown without altitude separation data or climb descent
indication.
NOTE: TIS is disabled if a Traffic Advisory System (TAS) is installed.
Traffic Information Service (TIS) is designed to help in detection and avoidance of other aircraft. TIS uses the
Mode S transponder for the traffic data link. TIS receives traffic information from ground stations, and is updated
every 5 seconds. The G1000 displays up to eight traffic targets within a 7.5-nm radius, from 3000 feet below to
3500 feet above the requesting aircraft. Traffic is displayed according to TCAS symbology using four different
symbols.
TIS Symbol
Description
Non-Threat Traffic
Proximity Advisory (PA)
Traffic Advisory (TA)
Traffic Advisory Off Scale
Table 6-10 TIS Traffic Symbols
Proximity Advisories (PAs) are defined as traffic within the 5.0-nm range, within ±1200 feet of altitude separation.
They are not Traffic Advisories (TA), that alert the crew to intruding aircraft. When traffic meets the advisory
criteria for the TA, a solid yellow circle symbol is generated. A TA that is detected but is outside the range of the
map on which traffic is displayed are indicated with a message in the lower left corner of the map.
TIS also provides a vector line showing the direction in which the traffic is moving, to the nearest 45°. Traffic
information for which TIS is unable to determine the bearing (non-bearing traffic) is displayed in the center of the
Traffic Map Page or in a banner at the lower left corner of maps other than the Traffic Map Page on which traffic
can be displayed.
The altitude difference between the requesting aircraft and other intruder aircraft is displayed above/below the
traffic symbol in hundreds of feet. If the other aircraft is above the requesting aircraft, the altitude separation
appears above the traffic symbol; if below, the altitude separation appears below. Altitude trend is displayed as
an up/down arrow (for speeds greater than 500 fpm in either direction) to the right of the target symbol. Traffic
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symbols for aircraft without altitude reporting capability appear without altitude separation or climb/descent
information.
DISPLAYING TRAFFIC DATA
Traffic information can be displayed on the following maps (when TIS is operating):
• PFD Inset Map
• Trip Planning Page
• Navigation Map Page
• Nearest Pages
• Traffic Map Page
• Active Flight Plan Page
• VOR Information Page
Displaying traffic information (maps other than the Traffic Map Page):
1) Press the MAP Softkey (for the PFD Inset Map, select the INSET Softkey).
2) Press the TRAFFIC Softkey to display terrain and obstacle data.
When traffic is selected on maps other than the Traffic Map Page, an icon is shown to indicate the feature is
enabled for display.
Traffic
Advisory
Traffic
Display
Enabled
Figure 6-63 TIS Traffic on the Navigation Map Page
The Navigation Map Page Setup Menu provides a means in addition to the softkey for enabling/disabling
display of traffic. The setup menu also controls the map range settings above which traffic data (symbols
and labels) are decluttered from the display. If a map range larger than the map range setting is selected, the
data is removed from the map. Maps besides the Traffic Map Page use settings based on those selected for the
Navigation Map Page.
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Customizing traffic display on the Navigation Map Page:
1) Select the Navigation Map Page.
2) Press the MENU Key.
3) With ‘Map Setup’ highlighted, press the ENT Key (Figure 6-64).
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the ‘Traffic’ Group and press the ENT Key (Figure 6-65).
5) Turn the large FMS Knob or press the ENT Key to scroll though product selections (Figure 6-66).
• TRAFFIC – Turns the display of traffic data on or off
• TRAFFIC MODE – Selects the traffic mode for display; select from:
- All Traffic - Displays all traffic
- TA/PA - Displays Traffic Alerts and Proximity Advisories
- TA ONLY - Displays Traffic Alerts only
• TRAFFIC SMBL – Selects the maximum range at which traffic symbols are shown
• TRAFFIC LBL – Selects the maximum range at which traffic labels are shown (with the option to turn off)
6) Turn the small FMS Knob to scroll though options for each product (ON/OFF, range settings, etc.).
7) Press the ENT Key to select an option.
8) Press the FMS Knob or CLR Key to return to the Navigation Map Page with the changed settings.
Figure 6-64 Navigation Map Page Menu
Figure 6-65 Navigation Map Page Setup Menu
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Figure 6-66 Navigation Map Page Setup Menu, Traffic Group
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TRAFFIC MAP PAGE
The Traffic Map Page is specialized to show surrounding TIS traffic data in relation to the aircraft’s current
position and altitude, without clutter from the basemap. Aircraft orientation on this map is always heading up
unless there is no valid heading. Map range is adjustable with the Joystick from 2 to 12 nm, as indicated by
the map range rings.
The traffic mode is annunciated in the upper left corner of the Traffic Map Page. When the aircraft is on the
ground, TIS automatically enters Standby Mode. Once the aircraft is airborne, TIS switches from Standby to
Operating Mode and the G1000 begins to display traffic information. Refer to the System Status discussion for
more information.
Displaying traffic on the Traffic Map Page:
1) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the Map Page Group.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the second rectangular page icon.
3) Confirm TIS is in Operating Mode:
Press the OPERATE Softkey to begin displaying traffic.
OR:
a) Press the MENU Key.
b) Select ‘Operate Mode’ (shown if TIS is in Standby Mode) and press the ENT Key.
Traffic Mode Annunciation
“TIS Not Available”
Voice Alert Status
Non-Threat Traffic
“Non-Bearing” Traffic
(System Unable to
Determine Bearing)
Distance is 8.0 nm,
1100’ Above,
Descending
Range Marking Rings
Proximity Advisory
1700’ Above, Descending
Traffic Advisory
400’ Below, Climbing
Non-Threat Traffic
Traffic Status Banner
Figure 6-67 Traffic Map Page
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TIS ALERTS
When the number of TAs on the Traffic Map Page increases from one scan to the next, the following occur:
• A single “Traffic” voice alert is generated.
• A ‘TRAFFIC’ Annunciation appears to the top left of the Attitude Indicator on the PFD, flashing for 5 seconds
and remaining displayed until no TAs are detected in the area.
• The PFD Inset Map is automatically displayed with traffic.
To reduce the number of nuisance alerts due to proximate aircraft, the “Traffic” voice alert is generated only
when the number of TAs increases. For example, when the first TA is displayed, a voice and visual annunciation
are generated. As long as a single TA remains on the display, no additional voice alerts are generated. If a second
TA appears on the display or if the number of TAs initially decreases and then subsequently increases, another
voice alert is generated.
Inset Map
Displays When
TA is Detected
Figure 6-68 Traffic Annunciation (PFD)
A “Traffic Not Available” (TNA) voice alert is generated when the TIS service becomes unavailable or is out
of range. TIS may be unavailable in the radar coverage area due to the following:
• Radar site TIS Mode S sensor is not operational or is out of service
• Traffic or requesting aircraft is beyond the maximum range of the TIS-capable Mode S radar site.
• Traffic or requesting aircraft is above the radar site in the cone of silence and out of range of an adjacent site.
• Traffic or requesting aircraft is below radar coverage. In flat terrain, the coverage extends from about 3000
feet upward at 55 miles. Terrain and obstacles around the radar site can further decrease radar coverage in all
directions.
• Traffic does not have an operating transponder.
The “Traffic Not Available” (TNA) voice alert can be manually muted to reduce nuisance alerting. TNA
muting status is shown in the upper left corner of the Traffic Map Page.
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Muting the “Traffic Not Available” voice alert:
1) Select the Traffic Map Page.
2) Press the TNA MUTE Softkey. The status is displayed in the upper left corner of the Traffic Map Page.
OR:
a) Press the MENU Key.
b) Select ‘‘’Not Available” Mute On’ (shown if TNA muting is currently off) and press the ENT Key.
SYSTEM STATUS
The G1000 performs an automatic test of TIS during power-up. If TIS passes the test, TIS enters Standby
Mode (on the ground) or Operating Mode (in the air). If TIS fails the power up test, an annunciation is shown
in the center of the Traffic Map Page.
Traffic Map Page
Annunciation
NO DATA*
DATA FAILED*
FAILED*
Description
Data is not being received from the transponder
Data is being received from the transponder, but
a failure is detected in the data stream
The transponder has failed
UNAVAILABLE
TIS is unavailable or out of range
* Contact a service center or Garmin dealer for corrective action
Table 6-11 TIS Failure Annunciations
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System Test has Failed
Data Not Received
from Transponder
Figure 6-69 TIS Power-up Test Failure
The traffic mode is annunciated in the upper left corner of the Traffic Map Page. When the aircraft is on the
ground, TIS automatically enters Standby Mode. If traffic is selected for display on another map while Standby
Mode is selected, the traffic display enabled icon is crossed out (also the case when TIS has failed). Once the
aircraft is airborne, TIS switches to Operating Mode and traffic information is displayed. The mode can be
changed manually using softkeys or the page menu.
Mode
Traffic Mode Annunciation
(Traffic Map Page)
TIS Operating
OPERATING
TIS Standby
STANDBY
(also shown in white in center of page)
TIS Failed*
FAIL
Traffic Display Enabled Icon
(Other Maps)
* See Table 6-11 for additional failure annunciations
Table 6-12 TIS Modes
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Switching between TIS modes:
1) Select the Traffic Map Page.
2) Press the STANDBY or OPERATE Softkey to switch between modes. The mode is displayed in the upper left
corner of the Traffic Map Page.
OR:
a) Press the MENU Key.
b) Select ‘Operate Mode’ or ‘Standby Mode’ (choice dependent on current state) and press the ENT Key.
The annunciations to indicate the status of traffic information appear in a banner at the lower left corner of
maps on which traffic can be displayed.
Traffic Status Banner
Annunciation
TA OFF SCALE*
TA X.X ± XX ↕**
AGE MM:SS
TRFC COAST
TRFC RMVD
TRFC FAIL
NO TRFC DATA
TRFC UNAVAIL
Description
A Traffic Advisory is outside the selected display range
Annunciation is removed when traffic comes within the selected display range
System cannot determine bearing of Traffic Advisory
Annunciation indicates distance in nm, altitude separation in hundreds of feet, and
altitude trend arrow (climbing/descending)
Appears if traffic data is not refreshed within 6 seconds
If after another 6 seconds data is not received, traffic is removed from the display
The quality of displayed traffic information is reduced as the age increases
The displayed data is not current (12 to 60 seconds since last message)
The quality of displayed traffic information is reduced when this message is displayed
Traffic is removed because it is too old for coasting (12 to 60 seconds since last message)
Traffic may exist within the selected display range, but it is not displayed
Traffic data has failed
Traffic has not been detected
The traffic service is unavailable or out of range
*Shown as symbol on Traffic Map Page
**Shown in center of Traffic Map Page
Table 6-13 TIS Traffic Status Annunciations
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HAZARD AVOIDANCE
6.6 AVIDYNE TAS600 SERIES TRAFFIC ADVISORY SYSTEM (OPTIONAL)
NOTE: Errors indicated by a failed screen prevent continued use of the TAS interface. See the applicable
Pilot’s Guide for detailed information on Failure Response.
The G1000 provides an optional display for Avidyne TAS600 Series Traffic Advisory Systems. See the Avidyne
TAS600 Series Pilot’s Guide for more information. Traffic is displayed according to TCAS symbology, however
track vector information is not displayed. The G1000 uses the symbols given in the table for traffic information
from the TAS600 Series.
Traffic Symbol
Description
Non-Threat Traffic
Proximity Advisory (PA)
Traffic Advisory (TA)
Traffic Advisory Off Scale
Table 6-14 TAS Traffic Symbols
Proximity Advisories (PAs) are defined as traffic within the 5.0-nm range, within ±1200 feet of altitude separation.
They are not Traffic Advisories (TA), which alert the crew to intruding aircraft. When traffic meets the advisory
criteria for the TA, a solid yellow circle symbol is generated.
Traffic information for which the TAS unit is unable to determine the bearing (non-bearing traffic) is displayed
in the center of the Traffic Map Page or in a banner at the lower left corner of maps other than the Traffic Map
Page on which traffic can be displayed.
The altitude difference between the requesting aircraft and other intruder aircraft is displayed above/below the
traffic symbol in hundreds of feet. If the other aircraft is above the requesting aircraft, the altitude separation
appears above the traffic symbol; if below, the altitude separation appears below. Altitude trend is displayed as an
up/down arrow (for speeds greater than 500 fpm in either direction) to the right of the target symbol.
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HAZARD AVOIDANCE
DISPLAYING TRAFFIC DATA
Traffic information can be displayed on the following maps (when the TAS600-series unit is operating):
• PFD Inset Map
• Trip Planning Page
• Navigation Map Page
• Nearest Pages
• Traffic Map Page
• Active Flight Plan Page
• VOR Information Page
Displaying traffic information (maps other than the Traffic Map Page):
1) Press the MAP Softkey (for the PFD Inset Map, press the INSET Softkey).
3) Press the TRAFFIC Softkey to display terrain and obstacle data.
When traffic is selected on maps other than the Traffic Map Page, an icon is shown to indicate the feature is
enabled for display.
Traffic
Advisory
Proximate Traffic
Traffic Display Enabled
Figure 6-70 TAS Traffic on the Navigation Map Page
The Navigation Map Page Setup Menu provides a means in addition to the softkey for enabling/disabling
display of traffic. The setup menu also controls the map range settings above which traffic data (symbols
and labels) are decluttered from the display. If a map range larger than the map range setting is selected, the
data is removed from the map. Maps besides the Traffic Map Page use settings based on those selected for the
Navigation Map Page.
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Customizing traffic display on the Navigation Map Page:
1) Select the Navigation Map Page.
2) Press the MENU Key.
3) With ‘Map Setup’ highlighted, press the ENT Key (Figure 6-71).
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the ‘Traffic’ Group and press the ENT Key (Figure 6-72).
5) Turn the large FMS Knob or press the ENT Key to scroll though product selections (Figure 6-73).
• TRAFFIC – Turns the display of traffic data on or off
• TRAFFIC MODE – Selects the traffic mode for display; select from:
- All Traffic - Displays all traffic
- TA/PA - Displays Traffic Alerts and Proximity Advisories
- TA ONLY - Displays Traffic Alerts only
• TRAFFIC SMBL – Selects the maximum range at which traffic symbols are shown
• TRAFFIC LBL – Selects the maximum range at which traffic labels are shown (with the option to turn off)
6) Turn the small FMS Knob to scroll though options for each product (ON/OFF, range settings, etc.).
7) Press the ENT Key to select an option.
8) Press the FMS Knob or CLR Key to return to the Navigation Map Page with the changed settings.
Figure 6-71 Navigation Map Page Menu
Figure 6-72 Navigation Map Page Setup Menu
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Figure 6-73 Navigation Map Page Setup Menu, Traffic Group
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
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HAZARD AVOIDANCE
TRAFFIC MAP PAGE
NOTE: Refer to the TAS600 documentation for information on effective ranges and altitude display modes.
The Traffic Map Page shows surrounding TAS traffic data in relation to the aircraft’s current position and
altitude, without clutter from the basemap. Aircraft orientation on this map is always heading up unless there
is no valid heading. Map range is adjustable with the Joystick from 2 to 40 nm, as indicated by the map range
rings.
The traffic mode and altitude display mode are annunciated in the upper left corner of the Traffic Map Page.
Traffic Mode
and Altitude
Display Mode
Map
Orientation
Traffic Display
Range
Off Scale
Traffic Advisory
Non-Threat
Traffic 4700’
Below
Proximity Traffic
500’ Above and
Climbing
Altitude Mode
Softkey
Select to Mute
TAS Voice Alerts
Figure 6-74 Traffic Map Page (TAS)
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HAZARD AVOIDANCE
Displaying traffic on the Traffic Map Page:
1) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the Map Page Group.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the second rectangular page icon.
3) Confirm that the TAS unit is in Operating Mode:
4) Select an altitude volume to display traffic.
a) Press the ALT MODE Softkey.
b) Select the desired altitude display volume:
• BELOW
• NORMAL
• ABOVE
• UNREST
- Displays only traffic within +2,700 ft to −9,000 ft altitude of requesting aircraft
- Displays only traffic within ± 2,700 ft altitude of requesting aircraft
- Displays only traffic within −2,700 ft to +9,000 ft altitude of requesting aircraft
- Displays all detected traffic
OR:
a) Press the MENU Key.
b) Select the desired altitude display volume and press the ENT Key.
• ‘Below’
- Displays only traffic within +2,700 ft to −9,000 ft altitude of requesting aircraft
• ‘Normal’
- Displays only traffic within ± 2,700 ft altitude of requesting aircraft
• ‘Above’
- Displays only traffic within −2,700 ft to +9,000 ft altitude of requesting aircraft
• ‘Unrestricted’ - Displays all detected traffic
ENGINE
CHKLIST
ALT MODE
MUTE
BELOW
NORMAL
ABOVE
UNREST
BACK
Figure 6-75 Traffic Map Page Softkeys (TAS)
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TAS ALERTS
NOTE: Refer to the TAS600 documentation for information on alerts generated by the TAS equipment.
When the number of TAs on the Traffic Map Page increases from one scan to the next, the following occur:
• A ‘TRAFFIC’ Annunciation appears to the top left of the Attitude Indicator on the PFD, flashing for 5 seconds
and remaining displayed until no TAs are detected in the area.
• The PFD Inset Map is automatically displayed with traffic.
Inset Map
Displays When
TA is Detected
Figure 6-76 Traffic Annunciation (PFD)
Aural traffic alerts generated by the TAS600-series, even those in progress, can be suspended manually. If
muting is turned off, the system annunciates all traffic voice alerts which were issued while the system was
muted.
Muting/generating TAS voice alerts:
1) Select the Traffic Map Page.
2) Press the MUTE Softkey.
OR:
a) Press the MENU Key.
b) Press ‘Mute On’ (shown if muting is currently off) and press the ENT Key.
3) Press the MUTE Softkey again to turn traffic voice alerting on and annunciate all muted traffic voice alerts
issued during system muting.
OR:
a) Press the MENU Key.
b) Press ‘Mute Off (shown if muting is currently on) and press the ENT Key.
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SYSTEM STATUS
NOTE: Refer to the TAS600 documentation for information on the self-test and operating modes.
The traffic mode is annunciated in the upper left corner of the Traffic Map Page.
Mode
Traffic Mode Annunciation
(Traffic Map Page)
TAS Self-test Initiated
TEST
Traffic Display Enabled Icon
(Other Maps)
OPERATING
TAS Operating
TAS Standby
STANDBY
(also shown in white in center of page)
TAS Failed*
FAIL
* See Table 6-16 for additional failure annunciations
Table 6-15 TAS Modes
If the unit fails, an annunciation as to the cause of the failure is shown in the center of the Traffic Map Page.
Traffic Map Page
Annunciation
NO DATA
DATA FAILED
FAILED
Description
Data is not being received from the TAS unit
Data is being received from the TAS unit, but the
unit is self-reporting a failure
Incorrect data format received from the TAS unit
Table 6-16 TAS Failure Annunciations
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The annunciations to indicate the status of traffic information appear in a banner at the lower left corner of
maps on which traffic can be displayed.
Traffic Status Banner
Annunciation
TA OFF SCALE*
TA X.X ± XX ↕**
TRFC FAIL
NO TRFC DATA
Description
A Traffic Advisory is outside the selected display range
Annunciation is removed when traffic comes within
the selected display range
System cannot determine bearing of Traffic Advisory
Annunciation indicates distance in nm, altitude
separation in hundreds of feet, and altitude trend
arrow (climbing/descending)
TAS unit has failed (unit is self-reporting a failure or
sending incorrectly formatted data)
Data is not being received from the TAS unit
*Shown as symbol on Traffic Map Page
**Shown in center of Traffic Map Page
Table 6-17 TAS Traffic Status Annunciations
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AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
SECTION 7 AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
NOTE: The approved Aircraft Flight Manual Supplement (AFMS) always supersedes the information in this
Pilot’s Guide.
NOTE: A failure of the primary (#1) Integrated Avionics Unit (IAU) results in loss of the flight director. Any
IAU failure results in loss of the autopilot and manual electric trim.
The GFC 700 is a digital Automatic Flight Control System (AFCS), fully integrated within the G1000 System
avionics architecture. The System Overview section provides a block diagram (Figure 1-1) to support this
system description. GFC 700 AFCS functionality in Diamond DA40/40F aircraft is distributed across the
following Line Replaceable Units (LRUs):
• GDU 1040 Primary Flight Display (PFD)
• GSA 81 AFCS Servo (3)
• GDU 1044 Multi-Function Display (MFD)
• GSM 85 Servo Mounts (3)
• GIA 63/63W Integrated Avionics Units (2)
The GFC 700 AFCS can be divided into these main operating functions:
• Flight Director (FD) — Flight director operation takes place within the primary (#1) IAU. Flight director
commands are displayed on the PFD. The flight director provides:
– Command Bars showing pitch/roll guidance
– Pitch/roll mode selection and processing
– Autopilot communication
• Autopilot (AP) — Autopilot operation occurs within the pitch, roll, and pitch trim servo and provides servo
monitoring and automatic flight control in response to flight director steering commands, AHRS attitude and
rate information, and airspeed.
• Manual Electric Trim (MET) — The pitch trim servo provides manual electric trim capability when the
autopilot is not engaged.
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Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
7-1
AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
7.1 AFCS CONTROLS
The following dedicated AFCS keys are located on the bezels of the PFD and MFD:
AP Key
FD Key
Engages/disengages the autopilot
2
Activates/deactivates the flight director only
Pressing once turns on the flight director in the default pitch and roll modes. Pressing
again deactivates the flight director and removes the Command Bars. If the autopilot
is engaged, the key is disabled.
3 NAV Key
Selects/deselects Navigation Mode
4 ALT Key
Selects/deselects Altitude Hold Mode
5 VS Key
Selects/deselects Vertical Speed Mode
6 FLC Key
Selects/deselects Flight Level Change Mode
7 HDG Key
Selects/deselects Heading Select Mode
8 APR Key
Selects/deselects Approach Mode
9 VNV Key
Selects/deselects Vertical Path Tracking Mode for Vertical Navigation flight control
10 NOSE UP/NOSE Control the mode reference in Pitch Hold, Vertical Speed, and Flight Level Change
modes
DN Keys
1
1
2
7
3
8
4
9
5
10
6
Figure 7-1 Dedicated MFD AFCS Controls
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Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
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AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
The following AFCS controls are located in the cockpit separately from the MFD:
AP DISC Switch
(Autopilot Disconnect)
Disengages the autopilot and flight director; interrupts pitch trim operation
This switch may be used to acknowledge an autopilot disconnect and mute
the associated aural tone.
A red AP DISC Switch is located on each control stick.
While pressed, allows manual control of the aircraft while the autopilot
CWS Button
(Control Wheel Steering) is engaged and synchronizes the flight director’s Command Bars with the
current aircraft pitch (if not in a Vertical Navigation, Glideslope, or Glidepath
Mode) and roll (if in Roll Hold Mode)
Upon release of the CWS Button, the flight director may establish new
reference points, depending on the current pitch and roll modes. CWS
operation details are discussed in the flight director modes section.
The CWS Button is located on the top of the left control stick.
GA Switch (Go Around)
Disengages the autopilot and selects flight director Go Around Mode
This switch also activates the missed approach when the selected navigation
source is GPS or when the navigation source is VOR/LOC and a valid frequency
has been tuned.
The GA Switch is located on the left side of the throttle handle.
AP TRIM Switch
(Autopilot Trim)
Used to command manual electric trim
This composite switch is split into left and right sides. The left switch is
the ARM contact and the right switch controls the DN (forward) and UP
(rearward) contacts. The AP TRIM ARM switch can be used to disengage
the autopilot and to acknowledge an autopilot disconnect alert and mute the
associated aural tone.
Manual trim commands are generated only when both sides of the switch are
operated simultaneously. If either side of the switch is active separately for more
than three seconds, MET function is disabled and ‘PTRM’ (Pitch Trim Failure) is
displayed as the AFCS Status Annunciation on the PFD. The function remains
disabled until both sides of the switch are inactivated.
The AP TRIM Switch is located on the left control stick.
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Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
7-3
AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
7.2 FLIGHT DIRECTOR OPERATION
The flight director function provides pitch and roll commands to the AFCS and displays them on the PFD.
With the flight director activated, the aircraft can be hand-flown to follow the path shown by the Command Bars.
Maximum commanded pitch (+20°/-15°) and bank (22°) angles, vertical acceleration, and roll rate are limited to
values established during AFCS certification. The flight director also provides commands to the autopilot.
ACTIVATING THE FLIGHT DIRECTOR
Pressing the FD or AP Key (when the flight director is not active) activates the flight director in default pitch/
roll modes. Pushing the GA Switch or any fight director mode key activates the flight director in the respective
mode(s). The flight director may be turned off by pressing the FD Key. The FD Key is disabled when the
autopilot is engaged.
Flight director mode annunciations are displayed on the PFD when the flight director is active. Flight director
roll modes are shown on the left and pitch on the right. Armed modes are annunciated in white and active in
green. Autopilot status is displayed in the center of the AFCS Status Box.
Lateral Modes
Armed
Active
Autopilot
Status
Vertical Modes
Active
Mode
Reference
Armed
AFCS Status Box
Selected Altitude
Command Bars
GPS is Selected
Navigation Source
Figure 7-2 PFD AFCS Display
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Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
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AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
COMMAND BARS
Upon activation of the flight director, Command Bars are displayed on the PFD as a single magenta cue. The
Command Bars move together vertically to indicate pitch commands and bank left or right to indicate roll
commands. The Command Bars do not override the aircraft symbol.
If the attitude information sent to the flight director becomes invalid or unavailable, the Command Bars are
removed from the display. The flight director Command Bars also disappear if the pitch exceeds +30˚/-20˚ or
bank exceeds 65˚.
Figure 7-3 Command Bars
FLIGHT DIRECTOR MODES
Flight director modes are normally selected independently for the pitch and roll axes. Unless otherwise
specified, all mode keys are alternate action (i.e., press on, press off). In the absence of specific mode selection,
the flight director reverts to the default pitch and/or roll mode(s).
Armed modes are annunciated in white and active in green in the AFCS Status Box. Under normal operation,
when the control for the active flight director mode is pressed, the flight director reverts to the default mode(s)
for the axis(es). Automatic transition from armed to active mode is indicated by the white armed mode
annunciation moving to the green active mode field and flashing for 10 seconds.
If the information required to compute a flight director mode becomes invalid or unavailable, the flight
director automatically reverts to the default mode for that axis. A flashing yellow mode annunciation and
annunciator light indicate loss of sensor (AHRS, ADC, IAU) or navigation data (VOR, LOC, GPS, VNV, WAAS)
required to compute commands. When such a loss occurs, the system automatically begins to roll the wings
level (enters Roll Hold Mode) or maintain the pitch angle (enters Pitch Hold Mode), depending on the affected
axis. The flashing annunciation stops when the affected mode key is pressed or another mode for the axis is
selected. If after 10 seconds no action is taken, the flashing annunciation stops.
Figure 7-4 Loss of VOR Signal
The flight director is automatically disabled if the attitude information required to compute the default flight
director modes becomes invalid or unavailable.
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Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
7-5
AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
7.3 PITCH MODES
Table 7-1 lists the pitch modes with their corresponding controls and annunciations. The mode reference is
displayed next to the active mode annunciation for Altitude Hold, Vertical Speed, and Flight Level Change modes.
The NOSE UP/NOSE DN keys can be used to change the pitch mode reference while operating under Pitch
Hold, Vertical Speed, or Flight Level Change Mode. Increments of change and acceptable ranges of values for
each of these references using the NOSE UP/NOSE DN keys are also listed in the table.
Pitch Mode
Pitch Hold
Selected Altitude Capture
Altitude Hold
Vertical Speed
Flight Level Change
Vertical Path Tracking
VNV Target Altitude Capture
Glidepath***
Glideslope
Go Around
Description
Holds aircraft pitch attitude; may
be used to climb/descend to the
Selected Altitude
Captures the Selected Altitude
Holds current Altitude Reference
Holds aircraft vertical speed; may
be used to climb/descend to the
Selected Altitude
Holds aircraft airspeed while
aircraft is climbing/descending to
the Selected Altitude
Captures and tracks descent legs
of an active vertical profile
Captures the Vertical Navigation
(VNV) Target Altitude
Captures and tracks the WAAS
glidepath on approach
Captures and tracks the ILS
glideslope on approach
Disengages the autopilot and
commands a constant pitch angle
and wings level
Control Annunciation
Reference
Range
Reference
Change
Increment
(default)
-15° to +20°
0.5°
nnnn FPM
-3000 to
+1500 fpm
100 fpm
nnn KT
70 to 165 kt
1 kt
PIT
*
ALTS
ALT Key ALT nnnnn FT
VS Key
VS
FLC Key FLC
VNV
Key
VPTH
**
ALTV
APR
Key
GA
Switch
GP
GS
GA
7°
* ALTS is armed automatically when PIT, VS, FLC, or GA is active, and under VPTH when the Selected Altitude is to be captured
instead of the VNV Target Altitude.
** ALTV is armed automatically under VPTH when the VNV Target Altitude is to be captured instead of the Selected Altitude.
***GP is available in installations with GIA 63W IAUs when WAAS is available.
Table 7-1 Flight Director Pitch Modes
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AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
PITCH HOLD MODE (PIT)
When the flight director is activated (the FD Key is pressed), Pitch Hold Mode is selected by default. Pitch
Hold Mode is indicated as the active pitch mode by the green annunciation ‘PIT’. This mode may be used for
climb or descent to the Selected Altitude (shown above the Altimeter), since Selected Altitude Capture Mode is
automatically armed when Pitch Hold Mode is activated.
In Pitch Hold Mode, the flight director maintains a constant pitch attitude, the pitch reference. The pitch
reference is set to the aircraft pitch attitude at the moment of mode selection. If the aircraft pitch attitude
exceeds the flight director pitch command limitations, the flight director commands a pitch angle equal to the
nose-up/down limit.
CHANGING THE PITCH REFERENCE
When operating in Pitch Hold Mode, the pitch reference can be adjusted by:
• Using the NOSE UP/NOSE DN keys
• Pressing the CWS Button, hand-flying the aircraft to establish a new pitch reference, then releasing the
CWS Button
Pitch Hold
Mode Active
Selected Altitude
Capture Mode Armed
Selected
Altitude
Command Bars
Maintain Desired
Pitch Reference
Figure 7-5 Pitch Hold Mode
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AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
SELECTED ALTITUDE CAPTURE MODE (ALTS)
Selected Altitude Capture Mode is automatically armed with activation of the following modes:
• Pitch Hold
• Go Around
• Vertical Speed
• Vertical Path Tracking (if the Selected Altitude is to
be captured instead of the VNV Target Altitude)
• Flight Level Change
The white ‘ALTS’ annunciation indicates Selected Altitude Capture Mode is armed (see Figure 7-5 for example).
The ALT Knob is used to set the Selected Altitude (shown above the Altimeter) until Selected Altitude Capture
Mode becomes active.
As the aircraft nears the Selected Altitude, the flight director automatically transitions to Selected Altitude
Capture Mode with Altitude Hold Mode armed (Figure 7-6). This automatic transition is indicated by the green
‘ALTS’ annunciation flashing for up to 10 seconds and the appearance of the white ‘ALT” annunciation. The
Selected Altitude is shown as the Altitude Reference beside the ‘ALTS’ annunciation.
At 50 feet from the Selected Altitude, the flight director automatically transitions from Selected Altitude
Capture to Altitude Hold Mode and holds the Selected Altitude (shown as the Altitude Reference). As Altitude
Hold Mode becomes active, the white ‘ALT’ annunciation moves to the active pitch mode field and flashes green
for 10 seconds to indicate the automatic transition.
Altitude Reference
(in this case, equal to
Selected Altitude)
Flash up to 10 sec, Indicating Automatic Transition
Figure 7-6 Automatic Mode Transitions During Altitude Capture
CHANGING THE SELECTED ALTITUDE
NOTE: Pressing the CWS Button while in Selected Altitude Capture Mode does not cancel the mode.
Use of the ALT Knob to change the Selected Altitude while Selected Altitude Capture Mode is active causes
the flight director to revert to Pitch Hold Mode with Selected Altitude Capture Mode armed for the new
Selected Altitude.
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AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
ALTITUDE HOLD MODE (ALT)
Altitude Hold Mode can be activated by pressing the ALT Key; the flight director maintains the current aircraft
altitude (to the nearest 10 feet) as the Altitude Reference. The flight director’s Altitude Reference, shown in the
AFCS Status Box, is independent of the Selected Altitude, displayed above the Altimeter. Altitude Hold Mode
active is indicated by a green ‘ALT’ annunciation in the AFCS Status Box.
Altitude Hold Mode is automatically armed when the flight director is in Selected Altitude Capture Mode (see
Figure 7-6). Selected Altitude Capture Mode automatically transitions to Altitude Hold Mode when the altitude
error is less than 50 feet. In this case, the Selected Altitude becomes the flight director’s Altitude Reference.
CHANGING THE ALTITUDE REFERENCE
NOTE: Turning the ALT Knob while in Altitude Hold Mode changes the Selected Altitude, but not the flight
director’s Altitude Reference, and does not cancel the mode.
With the CWS Button depressed, the aircraft can be hand-flown to a new Altitude Reference. When the
CWS Button is released at the desired altitude, the new altitude is established as the Altitude Reference.
If the Selected Altitude is reached during CWS maneuvering, the Altitude Reference is not changed. To
adjust the Altitude Reference in this case, the CWS Button must be pressed again after the Selected Altitude
is reached.
Altitude Hold
Mode Active
Altitude
Reference
Selected Altitude
Selected Altitude Bug
Command Bars
Hold Pitch Attitude
to Maintain
Altitude Reference
Figure 7-7 Altitude Hold Mode
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Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
7-9
AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
VERTICAL SPEED MODE (VS)
In Vertical Speed Mode, the flight director acquires and maintains a Vertical Speed Reference. Current aircraft
vertical speed (to the nearest 100 fpm) becomes the Vertical Speed Reference at the moment of Vertical Speed
Mode activation. This mode may be used for climb or descent to the Selected Altitude (shown above the
Altimeter) since Selected Altitude Capture Mode is automatically armed when Vertical Speed Mode is selected.
When Vertical Speed Mode is activated by pressing the VS Key, ‘VS’ is annunciated in green in the AFCS Status
Box along with the Vertical Speed Reference. The Vertical Speed Reference is also displayed above the Vertical
Speed Indicator. A Vertical Speed Reference Bug corresponding to the Vertical Speed Reference is shown on
the indicator.
CHANGING THE VERTICAL SPEED REFERENCE
The Vertical Speed Reference (shown both in the AFCS Status Box and above the Vertical Speed Indicator)
may be changed by:
• Using the NOSE UP/NOSE DN keys
• Pressing the CWS Button, hand-flying the aircraft to attain a new Vertical Speed Reference, then releasing
the CWS Button
Vertical
Selected
Vertical Speed Speed Altitude Capture
Mode Active Reference Mode Armed
Selected Altitude
Vertical Speed
Reference
Vertical Speed
Reference Bug
Command
Bars Indicate
Climb to Attain
Vertical Speed
Reference
Figure 7-8 Vertical Speed Hold Mode
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AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
FLIGHT LEVEL CHANGE MODE (FLC)
NOTE: The Selected Altitude should be set before selecting Flight Level Change Mode.
Flight Level Change Mode is selected by pressing the FLC Key. This mode acquires and maintains the
Airspeed Reference while climbing or descending to the Selected Altitude (shown above the Altimeter). When
Flight Level Change Mode is active, the flight director continuously monitors Selected Altitude, airspeed, and
altitude.
The Airspeed Reference is set to the current airspeed upon mode activation. Flight Level Change Mode is
indicated by a green ‘FLC’ annunciation beside the Airspeed Reference in the AFCS Status Box. The Airspeed
Reference is also displayed directly above the Airspeed Indicator, along with a bug corresponding to the Airspeed
Reference along the tape.
Engine power must be adjusted to allow the autopilot to fly the aircraft at a pitch attitude corresponding
to the desired flight profile (climb or descent) while maintaining the Airspeed Reference. The flight director
maintains the current altitude until either engine power or the Airspeed Reference are adjusted and does not
allow the aircraft to climb or descend away from the Selected Altitude.
CHANGING THE AIRSPEED REFERENCE
The Airspeed Reference (shown in both the AFCS Status Box and above the Airspeed Indicator) may be
adjusted by:
• Using the NOSE UP/NOSE DN keys
• Pressing the CWS Button, hand-flying the aircraft to a new airspeed, then releasing the CWS Button to
establish the new Airspeed Reference
Flight Level
Selected
Change Mode Airspeed Altitude Capture
Active
Reference Mode Armed
Airspeed
Reference
Airspeed
Reference
Bug
Figure 7-9 Flight Level Change Mode (IAS)
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Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
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AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
VERTICAL NAVIGATION MODES (VPTH, ALTV)
NOTE: VNV is disabled when parallel track is active.
NOTE: The Selected Altitude takes precedence over any other vertical constraints.
Vertical Navigation (VNV) flight control is available for enroute/terminal cruise and descent operations any
time that VNV flight planning is available. Refer to the GPS Navigation Section for more information on VNV
flight plans. Conditions for availability include, but are not limited to:
• The selected navigation source is GPS.
• A VNV flight plan (with at least one altitude-constrained waypoint) or vertical direct-to is active.
• VNV is enabled (VNV ENBL Softkey pressed on the MFD).
• Crosstrack error is valid and within certain limits.
• Desired/actual track are valid or track angle error is within certain limits.
• The VNV Target Altitude of the active waypoint is no more than 250 ft above the current aircraft altitude.
The flight director may be armed for VNV at any time, but no target altitudes are captured during a climb.
The Command Bars provide vertical profile guidance based on specified altitudes (entered manually or loaded
from the database) at waypoints in the active flight plan or vertical direct-to. The appropriate VNV flight control
modes are sequenced by the flight director to follow the path defined by the vertical profile. Upon reaching
the last waypoint in the VNV flight plan, the flight director transitions to Altitude Hold Mode and cancels any
armed VNV modes.
VERTICAL PATH TRACKING MODE (VPTH)
NOTE: If another pitch mode key is pressed while Vertical Path Tracking Mode is selected, Vertical Path
Tracking Mode reverts to armed.
NOTE: Pressing the CWS Button while Vertical Path Tracking Mode is active does not cancel the mode. The
autopilot guides the aircraft back to the descent path upon release of the CWS Button.
When a vertical profile (VNV flight plan) is active and the VNV Key is pressed, Vertical Path Tracking
Mode is armed in preparation for descent path capture. ‘VPTH’ (or ‘/V’ when Glidepath or Glideslope Mode
is concurrently armed) is annunciated in white in addition to previously armed modes. If applicable, the
appropriate altitude capture mode is armed for capture of the next VNV Target Altitude (ALTV) or the Selected
Altitude (ALTS), whichever is greater.
Figure 7-10 Vertical Path Tracking Armed Annunciations
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AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
Prior to descent path interception, the Selected Altitude must be set below the current aircraft altitude
by at least 75 feet. For the flight director to transition from Altitude Hold to Vertical Path Tracking Mode,
acknowledgment is required within 5 minutes of descent path interception by:
• Adjusting the Selected Altitude
• Pressing the VNV Key
If acknowledgment is not received within 1 minute of descent path interception, the white ‘VPTH’
annunciation starts to flash. Flashing continues until acknowledged or the descent path is intercepted. If
the descent is not confirmed by the time of interception, Vertical Path Tracking Mode remains armed and the
descent is not captured.
In conjunction with the “TOD [top of descent] within 1 minute” annunciation in the Navigation Status Box
and the “Vertical track” voice message, VNV indications (VNV Target Altitude, vertical deviation, and vertical
speed required) appear on the PFD in magenta (Figure 7-11).
Altitude Hold
Mode Active
Vertical Path Tracking
Armed, (Flashing Indicates
Acknowledgment Required)
VNV Target
Altitude
Selected Altitude
Below VNV Target
Vertical Deviation
Indicator
Required Vertical
Speed Bug
GPS is Selected
Navigation Source
Enroute Phase
of Flight
Figure 7-11 Vertical Path Capture
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AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
When a descent leg is captured (i.e., vertical deviation becomes valid), Vertical Path Tracking becomes
active and tracks the descent profile (Figure 7-12). An altitude capture mode (‘ALTS’ or ‘ALTV’) is armed as
appropriate.
Vertical Path VNV Target Altitude
Tracking Active
Capture Armed
VNV Target
Altitude
Vertical Deviation
Indicator (VDI)
Required Vertical
Speed Indication
(RSVI)
GPS is Selected
Navigation Source
Terminal Phase
of Flight
Figure 7-12 Vertical Path Tracking Mode
If the Altimeter’s barometric setting is adjusted while Vertical Path Tracking is active, the flight director
increases/decreases the descent rate by up to 500 fpm to re-establish the aircraft on the descent path (without
commanding a climb). Adjusting the altimeter barometric setting creates discontinuities in VNV vertical
deviation, moving the descent path. For large adjustments, it may take several minutes for the aircraft to reestablish on the descent path. If the change is made while nearing a waypoint with a VNV Target Altitude,
the aircraft may not re-establish on the descent path in time to meet the vertical constraint.
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AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
AUTOMATIC REVERSION TO PITCH HOLD MODE
Several situations can occur while Vertical Path Tracking Mode is active which cause the flight director to
revert to Pitch Hold Mode:
• Vertical deviation exceeds 200 feet during an overspeed condition.
• Vertical deviation experiences a discontinuity that both exceeds 200 feet in magnitude and results in the
vertical deviation exceeding 200 feet in magnitude. Such discontinuities are usually caused by flight plan
changes that affect the vertical profile.
• Vertical deviation becomes invalid (the Vertical Deviation Indicator is removed from the PFD).
• A display enters Reversionary Mode (this does not apply to an active vertical direct-to).
Unless VNV is disabled, Vertical Path Tracking Mode and the appropriate altitude capture mode become
armed following the reversion to Pitch Hold Mode to allow for possible profile recapture.
NON-PATH DESCENTS
Pitch Hold, Vertical Speed, and Flight Level Change modes can also be used to fly non-path descents
while VNV flight control is selected. If the VS or FLC Key is pressed while Vertical Path Tracking Mode is
selected, Vertical Path Tracking Mode reverts to armed along with the appropriate altitude capture mode to
allow profile re-capture.
Figure 7-13 Flight Level Change VNV Non-Path Descent
To prevent immediate profile re-capture, the following must be satisfied:
• At least 10 seconds have passed since the non-path transition was initiated
• Vertical deviation from the profile has exceeded 250 feet, but is now less than 200 feet
Pressing the VNV Key twice re-arms Vertical Path Tracking for immediate profile re-capture.
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AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
VNV TARGET ALTITUDE CAPTURE MODE (ALTV)
NOTE: Armed VNV Target Altitude and Selected Altitude capture modes are mutually exclusive. However,
Selected Altitude Capture Mode is armed implicitly (not annunciated) whenever VNV Target Altitude Capture
Mode is armed.
VNV Target Altitude Capture is analogous to Selected Altitude Capture Mode and is armed automatically
after the VNV Key is pressed and the next VNV Target Altitude is to be intercepted before the Selected
Altitude. The annunciation ‘ALTV’ indicates that the VNV Target Altitude is to be captured. VNV Target
Altitudes are shown in the active flight plan or vertical direct-to, and can be entered manually or loaded
from a database (see the GPS Navigation Section for details). At the same time as “TOD within 1 minute”
is annunciated in the Navigation Status Box, the active VNV Target Altitude is displayed above the Vertical
Speed Indicator (see Figure 7-11).
As the aircraft nears the VNV Target Altitude, the flight director automatically transitions to VNV Target
Altitude Capture Mode with Altitude Hold Mode armed. This automatic transition is indicated by the green
‘ALTV’ annunciation flashing for up to 10 seconds and the appearance of the white ‘ALT” annunciation. The
VNV Target Altitude is shown as the Altitude Reference beside the ‘ALTV’ annunciation and remains displayed
above the Vertical Speed Indicator. The Required Vertical Speed Indication (RSVI) is removed once VNV
Target Altitude Capture Mode becomes active.
At 50 feet from the VNV Target Altitude, the flight director automatically transitions from VNV Target
Altitude Capture to Altitude Hold Mode and tracks the level leg. As Altitude Hold Mode becomes active, the
white ‘ALT’ annunciation moves to the active vertical mode field and flashes green for 10 seconds to indicate
the automatic transition. The flight director automatically arms Vertical Path Tracking, allowing upcoming
descent legs to be captured and subsequently tracked.
Altitude Reference (In
This Case, Equal To
VNV Altitude Target)
Flash up to 10 sec, Indicating Automatic Transition
Figure 7-14 Automatic Mode Transitions During Altitude Capture
CHANGING THE VNV TARGET ALTITUDE
NOTE: Pressing the CWS Button while in VNV Target Altitude Capture Mode does not cancel the mode.
Changing the current VNV Target Altitude while VNV Target Altitude Capture Mode is active causes the
flight director to revert to Pitch Hold Mode. Vertical Path Tracking and the appropriate altitude capture
mode are armed in preparation to capture the new VNV Target Altitude or the Selected Altitude, depending
on which altitude is to be intercepted first.
VNV target altitudes can be changed while editing the active flight plan (see the GPS Navigation Section
for details).
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Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
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AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
GLIDEPATH MODE (GP)
NOTE: Pressing the CWS Button while Glidepath Mode is active does not cancel the mode. The autopilot
guides the aircraft back to the glidepath upon release of the CWS Button.
Glidepath Mode is available only in installations with GIA 63W IAUs when WAAS is available. Glidepath
Mode is used to track the WAAS-based glidepath. When Glidepath Mode is armed, ‘GP’ is annunciated in white
in the AFCS Status Box.
Selecting Glidepath Mode:
1) Ensure a GPS approach is loaded into the active flight plan. The active waypoint must be part of the flight plan
(cannot be a direct-to a waypoint not in the flight plan).
2) Ensure that GPS is the selected navigation source (use the CDI Softkey to cycle through navigation sources).
3) Press the APR Key.
Upon reaching the glidepath, the flight director transitions to Glidepath Mode and begins to capture and
track the glidepath.
Figure 7-15 Glidepath Mode Armed
Once the following conditions have been met, the glidepath can be captured:
• The active waypoint is at or after the final approach fix (FAF).
• Vertical deviation is valid.
• The CDI is at less than full scale deviation
• Automatic sequencing of waypoints has not been suspended (no ‘SUSP’ annunciation on the HSI)
GPS Approach
Mode Active
Glidepath
Mode Active
Glidepath
Indicator
Command Bars
Indicate Descent
on Glidepath
GPS is Selected
Navigation Source
LPV Approach
Active
Figure 7-16 Glidepath Mode
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AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
GLIDESLOPE MODE (GS)
NOTE: Pressing the CWS Button while Glideslope Mode is active does not cancel the mode. The autopilot
guides the aircraft back to the glideslope upon release of the CWS Button.
Glideslope Mode is available for LOC/ILS approaches to capture and track the glideslope. When Glideslope
Mode is armed (annunciated as ‘GS’ in white), LOC Approach Mode is armed as the lateral flight director
mode.
Selecting Glideslope Mode:
1) Ensure a valid localizer frequency is tuned.
2) Ensure that LOC is the selected navigation source (use the CDI Softkey to cycle through navigation sources).
3) Press the APR Key.
OR:
1) Ensure that GPS is the selected navigation source (use the CDI Softkey to cycle through navigation sources).
2) Ensure a LOC/ILS approach is loaded into the active flight plan.
3) Ensure the corresponding LOC frequency is tuned.
4) Press the APR Key.
Figure 7-17 Glideslope Mode Armed
Once LOC is the navigation source, the localizer and glideslope can be captured. Upon reaching the glideslope,
the flight director transitions to Glideslope Mode and begins to capture and track the glideslope.
Approach
Glideslope
Mode Active Mode Active
Active ILS
Frequency Tuned
Glideslope
Indicator
Command Bars
Indicate Descent
on Localizer/
Glideslope Path
NAV2 (localizer)
is Selected
Navigation Source
Figure 7-18 Glideslope Mode
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Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
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AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
GO AROUND (GA) MODE
Pushing the GA Switch engages the flight director in a wings-level, pitch-up attitude, allowing the execution
of a missed approach or a go around. This mode is a coupled pitch and roll mode and is annunciated as ‘GA’
in both the active pitch and roll mode fields. Go Around Mode disengages the autopilot and arms Selected
Altitude Capture Mode automatically. Subsequent autopilot engagement is allowed. Attempts to modify the
aircraft attitude (i.e., with the CWS Button or NOSE UP/NOSE DN keys) result in reversion to Pitch and Roll
Hold modes.
Go Around Mode Active
Autopilot Disconnect
Annunciation Flashes
Yellow 5 sec
Command Bars
Indicate Climb
Figure 7-19 Go Around Mode
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AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
7.4 ROLL MODES
The GFC 700 offers the lateral modes listed in Table 7-3. Refer to the pitch modes section for information
regarding Go Around Mode.
Roll Mode
Description
Control Annunciation
Holds the current aircraft roll attitude
Roll Hold
or rolls the wings level, depending
(default)
ROL
on the commanded bank angle
Captures and tracks the Selected
Heading Select
HDG Key
HDG
Heading
GPS
Navigation, GPS Arm/Capture/Track
Navigation, VOR Enroute Arm/Capture/Track Captures and tracks the selected
VOR
navigation
source
(GPS,
VOR,
LOC)
Navigation, LOC Arm/Capture/Track
NAV Key
LOC
(No Glideslope)
Captures and tracks a localizer signal
BC
Navigation, Backcourse Arm/Capture/Track
for backcourse approaches
GPS
Approach, GPS Arm/Capture/Track
Captures and tracks the selected
Approach, VOR Arm/Capture/Track
VAPP
APR Key
navigation
source
(GPS,
VOR,
LOC)
Approach, ILS Arm/Capture/Track
LOC
(Glideslope Mode automatically armed)
Disengages the autopilot and
commands a constant pitch angle
GA Switch
GA
Go Around
and wings level
Table 7-2 Roll Modes
The CWS Button does not change lateral references for Heading Select, Navigation, Backcourse, or Approach
modes. The autopilot guides the aircraft back to the Selected Heading/Course upon release of the CWS
Button.
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AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
ROLL HOLD MODE (ROL)
NOTE: If Roll Hold Mode is activated as a result of a mode reversion, the flight director rolls the wings
level.
When the flight director is activated, Roll Hold Mode is selected by default. This mode is annunciated as
‘ROL’ in the AFCS Status Box. The current aircraft bank angle is held, subject to the bank angle conditions listed
in Table 7-3.
Figure 7-20 Roll Hold Mode Annunciation
Bank Angle
< 6°
6 to 22°
> 22°
Flight Director Response
Rolls wings level
Maintains current aircraft roll attitude
Limits bank to 22°
Table 7-3 Roll Hold Mode Responses
CHANGING THE ROLL REFERENCE
The roll reference can be changed by pressing the CWS Button, establishing the desired bank angle, then
releasing the CWS Button.
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AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
HEADING SELECT MODE (HDG)
Heading Select Mode is activated by pressing the HDG Key. Heading Select Mode acquires and maintains the
Selected Heading. The Selected Heading is shown by a light blue bug on the HSI and in the box to the upper
left of the HSI.
CHANGING THE SELECTED HEADING
NOTE: Pressing the HDG Knob synchronizes the Selected Heading to the current heading.
The Selected Heading is adjusted using the HDG Knob. Pressing the CWS Button and hand-flying the
aircraft does not change the Selected Heading. The autopilot guides the aircraft back to the Selected Heading
upon release of the CWS Button.
Turns are commanded in the same direction as Selected Heading Bug movement, even if the bug is turned
more than 180° from the present heading (e.g., a 270° turn to the right). However, Selected Heading changes
of more than 340° at a time result in turn reversals.
Heading Select Pitch Hold
Mode Active Mode Active
Command Bars
Track Selected
Heading
Selected
Heading
Selected
Heading
Bug
Figure 7-21 Heading Select Mode
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AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
NAVIGATION MODE (GPS, VOR, LOC, BC)
NOTE: The selected navigation receiver must have a valid VOR or LOC signal or active GPS course for the
flight director to enter Navigation Mode.
NOTE: When intercepting a flight plan leg, the flight director will give commands to capture the active leg
at approximately a 45° angle to the track between the waypoints defining the active leg. The flight director
will not give commands to fly to the starting waypoint of the active leg.
NOTE: When making a backcourse approach, set the Selected Course to the localizer front course.
Pressing the NAV Key selects Navigation Mode. Navigation Mode acquires and tracks the selected navigation
source (GPS, VOR, LOC). The flight director follows GPS roll steering commands when GPS is the selected
navigation source. When the navigation source is VOR or LOC, the flight director creates roll steering commands
from the Selected Course and deviation. Navigation Mode can also be used to fly non-precision GPS and LOC
approaches where glideslope capture is not required.
Backcourse Navigation Mode is selected when the localizer front course is greater than 105° from the aircraft
heading. The annunciation ‘BC’ in the AFCS Status Box indicates Backcourse Navigation Mode.
If the Course Deviation Indicator (CDI) shows greater than one dot when the NAV Key is pressed, the selected
mode is armed. The armed annunciation appears in white to the left of the active roll mode. For cases where
the projected course is offset a large distance from the present course for turn anticipation, GPS Navigation
Mode can be activated with crosstrack error up to 10 nm.
Figure 7-22 GPS Navigation Mode Armed
When the CDI has automatically switched from GPS to LOC during a LOC/ILS approach, GPS Navigation
Mode remains active, providing GPS steering guidance until the localizer signal is captured. LOC Navigation
Mode is armed automatically when the navigation source switch takes place if the APR Key is not pressed prior
to the automatic source switch.
If Navigation Mode is active and either of the following occur, the flight director reverts to Roll Hold Mode
(wings rolled level):
• Different VOR tuned while in VOR Navigation Mode (VOR Navigation Mode reverts to armed)
• Navigation source manually switched (with the CDI Softkey)
• FAF crossed while in GPS Navigation Mode after the automatic navigation source switch from GPS to LOC
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AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
CHANGING THE SELECTED COURSE
The Selected Course is controlled using the CRS Knob (while in VOR, LOC, or OBS Mode). Pressing the
CWS Button and hand-flying the aircraft does not change the Selected Course while in Navigation Mode.
The autopilot guides the aircraft back to the Selected Course (or GPS flight plan) when the CWS Button is
released.
GPS Navigation Pitch Hold
Mode Active Mode Active
Command Bars
Indicate Left Turn to
Track GPS Course and
Climb to Intercept
Selected Altitude
Selected Course
GPS is Selected
Navigation Source
Figure 7-23 Navigation Mode
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Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
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AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
APPROACH MODE (GPS, VAPP, LOC)
NOTE: The selected navigation receiver must have a valid VOR or LOC signal or active GPS course for the
flight director to enter Approach Mode.
Approach Mode is activated when the APR Key is pressed. Approach Mode acquires and tracks the selected
navigation source (GPS, VOR, or LOC), depending on loaded approach. This mode uses the selected navigation
receiver deviation and desired course inputs to fly the approach. Pressing the APR Key when the CDI is greater
than one dot arms the selected approach mode (annunciated in white to the left of the active lateral mode).
VOR Approach Mode (VAPP) provides greater sensitivity for signal tracking than VOR Navigation Mode.
Selecting VOR Approach Mode:
1) Ensure a valid VOR frequency is tuned.
2) Ensure that VOR is the selected navigation source (use the CDI Softkey to cycle through navigation sources if
necessary).
3) Press the APR Key.
When GPS Approach Mode is armed, Glidepath Mode is also armed. If GPS Approach Mode is selected while
in GPS Navigation Mode, capture can occur with crosstrack error of up to 2 nm.
Selecting GPS Approach Mode:
1) Ensure a GPS approach is loaded into the active flight plan. The active waypoint must be part of the flight plan
(cannot be a direct-to a waypoint not in the flight plan).
2) Ensure that GPS is the selected navigation source (use the CDI Softkey to cycle through navigation sources if
necessary).
3) Press the APR Key.
Figure 7-24 GPS Approach Mode Armed
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AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
LOC Approach Mode allows the autopilot to fly a LOC/ILS approach with a glideslope. When LOC Approach
Mode is armed, Glideslope Mode is also armed automatically. LOC captures are inhibited if the difference
between aircraft heading and localizer course exceeds 105°.
Selecting LOC Approach Mode:
1) Ensure a valid localizer frequency is tuned.
2) Ensure that LOC is the selected navigation source (use the CDI Softkey to cycle through navigation sources if
necessary).
3) Press the APR Key.
OR:
1) Ensure that GPS is the selected navigation source (use the CDI Softkey to cycle through navigation sources if
necessary).
2) Ensure a LOC/ILS approach is loaded into the active flight plan.
3) Ensure the corresponding LOC frequency is tuned.
4) Press the APR Key.
If the following occurs, the flight director reverts to Roll Hold Mode (wings rolled level):
• Approach Mode is active and a Vectors-To-Final is activated
• Approach Mode is active and Navigation source is manually switched
• GPS Navigation Mode is active and the FAF is crossed after the automatic navigation source switch from GPS
to LOC
CHANGING THE SELECTED COURSE
The Selected Course is controlled using the CRS Knob (while in VOR, LOC, or OBS Mode). Pressing the
CWS Button and hand-flying the aircraft does not change the Selected Course while in Approach Mode.
The autopilot guides the aircraft back to the Selected Course (or GPS flight plan) when the CWS Button is
released.
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AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
7.5 AUTOPILOT OPERATION
NOTE: Refer to the AFM for specific instructions regarding emergency procedures.
The autopilot operates flight control surface servos to provide automatic flight control. Pitch and roll commands
are provided to the servos, based on the active flight director modes. The autopilot uses pitch and roll rates to
stabilize the aircraft attitude during upsets and flight director maneuvers. Flight director commands are rate- and
attitude-limited, combined with pitch and roll damper control, and sent to the pitch and roll servo motors.
Pitch autotrim provides trim commands to the pitch trim servo to relieve any sustained effort required by the
pitch servo. The pitch servo measures the output effort (torque) and provides this signal to the pitch trim servo.
The pitch trim servo commands the motor to reduce the average pitch servo effort.
When the autopilot is not engaged, the pitch trim servo may be used to provide manual electric trim (MET).
This allows the aircraft to be trimmed using a control wheel switch rather than the trim wheel. Manual trim
commands are generated only when both halves of the AP TRIM Switch are operated simultaneously. Trim
speeds are scheduled with airspeed to provide more consistent response.
Servo motor control limits the maximum servo speed and torque. The servo mounts are equipped with slipclutches set to certain values. This allows the servos to be overridden in case of an emergency.
ENGAGING THE AUTOPILOT
NOTE: Autopilot engagement/disengagement is not equivalent to servo engagement/disengagement. Use
the CWS Button to disengage the pitch and roll servos while the autopilot remains active.
When the AP Key is pressed, the autopilot and flight director (if not already engaged) are activated. Engagement
is indicated by a green ‘AP’ annunciation in the center of the AFCS Status Box. The flight director engages in
Pitch and Roll Hold modes when initially activated.
Autopilot
Engaged
Figure 7-25 Autopilot and Yaw Damper Engaged
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AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
CONTROL WHEEL STEERING
During autopilot operation, the aircraft may be hand-flown without disengaging the autopilot. Pressing and
holding the CWS Button disengages the pitch and roll servos from the flight control surfaces and allows the
aircraft to be hand-flown. At the same time, the flight director is synchronized to the aircraft attitude during
the maneuver. The ‘AP’ annunciation is temporarily replaced by ‘CWS’ in white for the duration of CWS
maneuvers.
In most scenarios, releasing the CWS Button reengages the autopilot with a new reference. Refer to the flight
director modes section for specific CWS behavior in each mode.
Control Wheel Steering
Figure 7-26 CWS Annunciation
DISENGAGING THE AUTOPILOT
The autopilot is manually disengaged by pushing the AP DISC Switch, GA Switch, AP TRIM ARM Switch, or
the AP Key on the MFD. Manual disengagement is indicated by a five-second flashing yellow ‘AP’ annunciation
and a two-second autopilot disconnect aural alert. After manual disengagement, the autopilot disconnect aural
alert may be cancelled by pushing the AP TRIM ARM or AP DISC Switch (AP DISC Switch also cancels the
flashing ‘AP’ annunciation).
Figure 7-27 Manual Autopilot Disengagement
Automatic autopilot disengagement is indicated by a flashing red ‘AP’ annunciation and by the autopilot
disconnect aural alert, which continue until acknowledged by pushing the AP DISC or AP TRIM ARM Switch.
Automatic disengagement occurs due to:
• System failure
• Invalid sensor data
• Inability to compute default flight director modes
(FD also disengages automatically)
• Stall warning
Figure 7-28 Automatic Autopilot Disengagement
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AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
7.6 EXAMPLE FLIGHT PLAN
NOTE: The diagrams in this section are for instructional purposes only and should not be used for navigation.
Numbered portions of accompanying diagrams correspond to numbered procedure steps.
This section provides a scenario-based set of procedures showing various GFC 700 AFCS modes used during a
flight. In this scenario, the aircraft departs Charles B. Wheeler Downtown Airport (KMKC), enroute to Colorado
Springs Airport (KCOS). After departure, the aircraft climbs to 12,000 ft and airway V4 is intercepted, following
ATC vectors.
Airway V4 is flown to Salina VOR (SLN) using VOR navigation, then airway V244 is flown using a GPS flight
plan. The ILS approach for runway 35L and LPV (WAAS) approach for runway 35R are shown and a missed
approach is executed.
0
33
0
3
30
3
30
33
V4
27
24
21
24
18
15
18
12
21
21
30
27
KMKC
12
9
24
12
6
Lamar
VOR
(LAA)
9
Salina
VOR
(SLN)
9
Hays
VOR
(HYS)
3
V 244
V 244
15
0
6
33
6
27
KCOS
15
18
Figure 7-29 Flight Plan Overview
190-00592-03 Rev. A
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
7-29
AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
DEPARTURE
Climbing to the Selected Altitude and flying an assigned heading:
1) Before takeoff, set the Selected Altitude to 12,000 feet using the ALT Knob.
2) In this example, Vertical Speed Mode is used to capture the Selected Altitude (Pitch Hold, Vertical Speed, or
Flight Level Change Mode may be used).
a) Adjust the aircraft’s vertical speed to the desired 1,000 fpm.
b) Press the VS Key to activate Vertical Speed and Roll Hold modes and arm Selected Altitude Capture Mode.
The Vertical Speed Reference may be adjusted after Vertical Speed Mode is selected using the NOSE UP/
NOSE DN keys or pushing the CWS Button while hand-flying the aircraft to establish a new Vertical Speed
Reference.
c) Press the AP Key to engage the autopilot in a climb using Vertical Speed Mode.
3) Use the HDG Knob to set the Selected Heading, complying with ATC vectors to intercept Airway V4.
Press the HDG Key to activate Heading Select Mode while the autopilot is engaged in the climb. The autopilot
follows the Selected Heading Bug on the HSI and turns the aircraft to the desired heading.
4) As the aircraft nears the Selected Altitude, the flight director transitions to Selected Altitude Capture Mode,
indicated by the green ‘ALTS’ annunciation flashing for up to 10 seconds.
At 50 feet from the Selected Altitude, the green ‘ALT’ annunciation flashes for up to 10 seconds; the autopilot
transitions to Altitude Hold Mode and levels the aircraft.
7-30
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
190-00592-03 Rev. A
AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
HD
GM
od
e
3
Selected Altitude of 12,000 MSL
ALT Mode
4
KMKC
1
2
VS
e
Mod
Figure 7-30 Departure
190-00592-03 Rev. A
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
7-31
AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
INTERCEPTING A VOR RADIAL
During climb-out, the autopilot continues to fly the aircraft in Heading Select Mode. Airway V4 to Salina
VOR (SLN) should now be intercepted. Since the enroute flight plan waypoints correspond to VORs, flight
director Navigation Mode using either VOR or GPS as the navigation source may be used. In this scenario, VOR
Navigation Mode is used for navigation to the first VOR waypoint in the flight plan.
Intercepting a VOR radial:
1) Arm VOR Navigation Mode:
a) Tune the VOR frequency.
b) Press the CDI Softkey to set the navigation source to VOR.
c) Use the CRS Knob to set the Selected Course to the desired value, 290°. Note that at this point, the flight
director is still in Heading Select Mode and the autopilot continues to fly the Selected Heading, 240°.
d) Press the NAV Key. This arms VOR Navigation Mode and the white ‘VOR’ annunciation appears to the left of
the active lateral mode.
2) As the aircraft nears the Selected Course, the flight director transitions from Heading Select to VOR Navigation
Mode and the ‘VOR’ annunciation flashes green. The autopilot begins turning to intercept the Selected
Course.
3) The autopilot continues the turn until the aircraft is established on the Selected Course.
0
07
0
3
30
33
o
6
27
V4
24
3
9
Salina
VOR
(SLN)
o
075
VO
R
NA
V
Mo
de
2
HD
M
od
e,
12
21
G
VO
R
Ar
m
ed
15
1
18
Figure 7-31 Intercepting a VOR Radial
7-32
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
190-00592-03 Rev. A
AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
FLYING A FLIGHT PLAN/GPS COURSE
NOTE: Changing the navigation source cancels Navigation Mode and causes the flight director to revert
back to Roll Hold Mode (wings rolled level).
As the aircraft closes on Salina VOR, GPS is used to navigate the next leg, airway V244. The aircraft is
currently tracking inbound on Airway V4.
Flying a GPS flight plan:
1) Enter Salina VOR (SLN) into the GPS flight plan.
2) Transition from VOR to GPS Navigation Mode:
a) Press the CDI Softkey until GPS is the selected navigation source. Due to VOR signal loss, VOR Navigation Mode
is cancelled. The ‘VOR’ annunciation flashes yellow.
Flashes 10 sec, Transitions to Roll Hold
Mode Unless NAV Key is Pressed
b) Press the NAV Key to activate GPS Navigation Mode. The autopilot guides the aircraft along the active flight
plan leg.
If the NAV Key is not pressed within 10 seconds of VOR signal loss, the flight director reverts to Roll Hold Mode
(wings rolled level).
3) Following the flight plan, the autopilot continues to steer the aircraft under GPS guidance. Note that in GPS
Navigation Mode, course changes defined by the flight plan are automatically made without pilot action
required.
0
33
1
0
3
GP
de
V Mo
S NA
075
6
3
27
o
30
33
3
30
de
Mo
NAV
VOR
2
V4
o
24
21
24
Salina
VOR
(SLN)
18
12
21
9
V 244
12
9
Hays
VOR
(HYS)
o
076
15
6
27
260
15
18
Figure 7-32 Transition to GPS Flight Plan
190-00592-03 Rev. A
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
7-33
AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
DESCENT
While flying the arrival procedure, the aircraft is cleared for descent in preparation for the approach to KCOS.
Three methods are presented for descent:
• Flight Level Change descent – Flight Level Change Mode can be used to descend to the Selected Altitude at a
constant airspeed. This descent method does not account for flight plan waypoint altitude constraints.
• Vertical Path Tracking descent – Vertical Path Tracking Mode is used to follow the vertical descent path
defined in the GPS flight plan. Altitude constraints correspond to waypoints in the flight plan. Before VNV
flight control can provide vertical profile guidance, a VNV flight plan must be entered and enabled.
• Non-path descent in a VNV scenario – While the flight director is following VNV guidance for descent, Pitch
Hold, Vertical Speed, or Flight Level Change Mode can be used to descend to the VNV Target Altitude prior
to reaching the planned TOD. Flight Level Change Mode is used in the example.
Flight Level Change descent:
1) Select Flight Level Change Mode:
a) Using the ALT Knob, set the Selected Altitude to 10,000 feet.
b) Press the FLC Key to activate Flight Level Change Mode. The annunciation ‘FLC’ appears next to the
Airspeed Reference, which defaults to the current aircraft airspeed. Selected Altitude Capture Mode is armed
automatically.
2) Use the NOSE UP/NOSE DN keys or push the CWS Button while hand-flying the aircraft to adjust the
commanded airspeed while maintaining the same power, or reduce power to allow descent in Flight Level
Change Mode while the autopilot maintains the current airspeed.
3) As the aircraft nears the Selected Altitude, the flight director transitions to Selected Altitude Capture Mode,
indicated by the green ‘ALTS’ annunciation flashing for up to 10 seconds.
The green ‘ALT’ annunciation flashes for up to 10 seconds upon reaching 50 feet from the Selected Altitude; the
autopilot transitions to Altitude Hold Mode and levels the aircraft.
1
Cruise Altitude of 12,000 MSL
ALT Mode
2
FLC
M
ode
3
Selected Altitude of 10,000 MSL
ALT Mode
Figure 7-33 FLC Descent
7-34
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
190-00592-03 Rev. A
AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
Vertical Path Tracking descent to VNV Target Altitude:
1) Select VNV flight control:
a) Press the VNV Key to arm Vertical Path Tracking Mode. The white annunciation ‘VPTH’ appears.
b) Using the ALT Knob, set the Selected Altitude at least 75 feet below the flight plan’s VNV Target Altitude of
10,000 feet.
If the Selected Altitude is not adequately adjusted below the VNV Target Altitude, the flight director will command
descent to the Selected Altitude rather than the VNV Target Altitude once Vertical Path Tracking Mode becomes
active (ALTS will be armed rather than ALTV).
c) If Vertical Path Tracking Mode is armed more than 5 minutes prior to descent path capture, acknowledgment is
required for the flight director to transition from Altitude Hold to Vertical Path Tracking Mode. To proceed with
descent path capture if the white ‘VPTH’ annunciation begins flashing, do one of the following
•
Press the VNV Key
•
Turn the ALT Knob to adjust the Selected Altitude
If the descent is not confirmed by the time of interception, Vertical Path Tracking Mode remains armed and the
descent is not captured.
2) When the top of descent (TOD) is reached, the flight director transitions to Vertical Path Tracking Mode and
begins the descent to the VNV Target Altitude. Intention to capture the VNV Target Altitude is indicated by the
white ‘ALTV’ annunciation.
3) As the aircraft nears the VNV Target Altitude, the flight director transitions to VNV Target Altitude Capture Mode,
indicated by the green ‘ALTV’ annunciation flashing for up to 10 seconds.
The green ‘ALT’ annunciation flashes for up to 10 seconds upon reaching 50 feet from the VNV Target Altitude;
the autopilot transitions to Altitude Hold Mode and levels the aircraft at the vertical waypoint.
1
ALT Mode
TOD
Cruise Altitude of 12,000 MSL
2
VPT
HM
ode
3
VNAV Target Altitude of 10,000 MSL
BOD
ALT Mode
Selected Altitude (set below VNAV Target Altitude)
Along-track Offset, 3 nm before OPSHN
3 nm
Figure 7-34 VPTH Descent
190-00592-03 Rev. A
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
7-35
AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
Non-path descent using Flight Level Change Mode:
1) Command a non-path descent using Flight Level Change Mode:
a) Using the ALT Knob, set the Selected Altitude below the current aircraft altitude to an altitude (in this case,
9,400 feet) at which to level off between VNV flight plan altitudes.
b) Press the FLC Key before the planned TOD during an altitude hold while VPTH is armed. The Airspeed Reference
defaults to the current aircraft airspeed. Vertical Path Tracking and Selected Altitude Capture Mode are armed
automatically.
2) Reduce power to allow descent in Flight Level Change Mode. The autopilot maintains the Airspeed Reference.
3) As the aircraft nears the Selected Altitude, the flight director transitions to Selected Altitude Capture Mode,
indicated by the green ‘ALTS’ annunciation flashing for up to 10 seconds.
The green ‘ALT’ annunciation flashes for up to 10 seconds upon reaching 50 feet from the Selected Altitude; the
autopilot transitions to Altitude Hold Mode and levels the aircraft.
4) When the next TOD is reached, Vertical Path Tracking becomes active (may require acknowledgment to allow
descent path capture).
5) As the aircraft nears the VNV Target Altitude, the flight director transitions to VNV Target Altitude Capture Mode,
indicated by the green ‘ALTV’ annunciation flashing for up to 10 seconds.
The green ‘ALT’ annunciation flashes for up to 10 seconds upon reaching 50 feet from the VNV Target Altitude;
the autopilot transitions to Altitude Hold Mode and levels the aircraft at the vertical waypoint.
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Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
190-00592-03 Rev. A
AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
VP
TH
M
od
e
Planned
TOD
2
BOD
ALT Mode
1
FL
C
Pla
nn
M
od
e
Selected Altitude of 9,400 MSL
VNAV Target Altitude of 10,000 MSL
3
ed
De
sce
nt
ALT Mode
Pa
th
TOD
4
VP
TH
VNAV Target Altitude of 9,000 MSL
Mo
de
5
BOD
ALT Mode
Selected Altitude
3 nm
OPSHN
HABUK
Figure 7-35 Non-path Descent
190-00592-03 Rev. A
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
7-37
AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
APPROACH
Flying an ILS approach:
1) Transition from GPS Navigation Mode to Heading Select Mode.
a) Load the Runway 35L ILS approach for KCOS into the flight plan and select ‘VECTORS’ for the transition.
b) Use the HDG Knob to set the Selected Heading after getting vectors from ATC.
c) Press the HDG Key. The autopilot turns the aircraft to the desired heading.
d) Use Heading Select Mode to comply with ATC vectors as requested.
2) Arm LOC Approach and Glideslope modes.
a) Ensure the appropriate localizer frequency is tuned.
b) Press the APR Key when cleared for approach to arm Approach and Glideslope modes. ‘LOC’ and ‘GS’ appear
in white as armed mode annunciations.
c) The navigation source automatically switches to LOC. After this switch occurs, the localizer signal can be captured
and the autopilot and flight director determine when to begin the turn to intercept the final approach course.
3) There are two options available at this point, as the autopilot flies the ILS approach:
• Push the AP DISC Switch at the decision
height and land the aircraft.
• Use the GA Switch to execute a missed
approach.
KCOS
LOC APR/
GS Mode
3
PETEY
2
G
HD
e
od
M
PYNON
1
GPS NAV Mode
Figure 7-36 ILS Approach to KCOS
7-38
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
190-00592-03 Rev. A
AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
NOTE: Support for WAAS precision approaches is available only in installations with GIA 63W IAUs when
WAAS is available.
Flying a WAAS precision approach:
1) Arm flight director modes for a precision approach:
a) Make sure the navigation source is set to GPS (use CDI Softkey to change navigation source).
b) Load the Runway 35R LPV approach for KCOS into the flight plan.
2) Press the APR Key once clearance for approach has been acquired. GPS Approach Mode is activated and
Glidepath Mode is armed.
3) Once the glidepath is captured, Glidepath Mode becomes active.
4) There are two options available at this point, as the autopilot flies the approach:
• Push the AP DISC Switch at the Decision
height and land the aircraft.
• Use the GA Switch to execute a missed
approach.
KCOS
4
3
GPS APR/
GP Mode
CEGIX
2
FALUR
HABUK
PYNON
1
GPS NAV Mode
Figure 7-37 LPV Approach to KCOS
190-00592-03 Rev. A
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
7-39
AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
GO AROUND/MISSED APPROACH
NOTE: As a result of calculations performed by the system while flying the holding pattern, the display may
re-size automatically and the aircraft may not precisely track the holding pattern.
Flying a missed approach:
1) Push the GA Switch at the Decision height and apply full power to execute a missed approach. The flight
director Command Bars establish a nose-up climb to follow.
Note that when the GA Switch is pushed, the missed approach is activated and the autopilot disconnects,
indicated by the ‘AP’ annunciation flashing yellow for 5 seconds and the autopilot disconnect aural alert.
Flashes 5 sec
2) Start the climb to the prescribed altitude in the published Missed Approach Procedure (in this case, 10,000 ft).
a) Press the AP Key to re-engage the autopilot.
b) Press the CDI Softkey to select GPS as the navigation source.
c) Press the NAV Key to have the autopilot fly to the hold.
3) Use the ALT Knob to set a Selected Altitude to hold.
To hold the current airspeed during the climb, press the FLC Key.
As the aircraft nears the Selected Altitude, the flight director transitions to Selected Altitude Capture Mode,
indicated by the green ‘ALTS’ annunciation flashing for up to 10 seconds.
The green ‘ALT’ annunciation flashes for up to 10 seconds upon reaching 50 feet from the Selected Altitude; the
autopilot transitions to Altitude Hold Mode and levels the aircraft.
4) The autopilot flies the holding pattern after the missed approach is activated. Annunciations are displayed in
the Navigation Status Box, above the AFCS Status Box.
7-40
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
190-00592-03 Rev. A
AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
4
MOGAL
GPS NAV Mode
3
2
GA Mode
KCOS
1
Figure 7-38 Go Around/Missed Approach
190-00592-03 Rev. A
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
7-41
AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
7.7 AFCS ANNUNCIATIONS AND ALERTS
AFCS STATUS ALERTS
The annunciations in Table 7-4 (listed in order of increasing priority) can appear on the PFD above the
Airspeed and Attitude indicators. Only one annunciation may occur at a time, and messages are prioritized by
criticality.
AFCS Status
Annunciation
Figure 7-39 AFCS Status Annunciation
Alert Condition
Aileron Mistrim Right
Aileron Mistrim Left
Elevator Mistrim Down
Elevator Mistrim Up
Pitch Trim Failure
(or stuck AP TRIM
Switch)
Annunciation
Description
Roll servo providing sustained force in the indicated direction
Pitch servo providing sustained force in the indicated direction
If AP engaged, take control of the aircraft and disengage AP
If AP disengaged, move AP TRIM switches separately to unstick
Roll Failure
Roll axis control failure; AP inoperative
Pitch Failure
Pitch axis control failure; AP inoperative
System Failure
Preflight Test
AP and MET are unavailable; FD may still be available
Performing preflight system test; aural alert sounds at completion
Do not press the AP DISC Switch during servo power-up and preflight
system tests as this may cause the preflight system test to fail or never
to start (if servos fail their power-up tests). Power must be cycled to
the servos to remedy the situation.
Preflight system test failed; aural alert sounds at failure
Table 7-4 AFCS Status Field Alerts
7-42
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
190-00592-03 Rev. A
AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
OVERSPEED PROTECTION
While Pitch Hold, Vertical Speed, Flight Level Change, Vertical Path Tracking, or an altitude capture mode is
active, airspeed is monitored by the flight director and pitch commands are limited for overspeed protection.
Overspeed protection is provided in situations where the flight director cannot acquire and maintain the mode
reference for the selected vertical mode without exceeding the certified maximum autopilot airspeed.
When an autopilot overspeed condition occurs, the Airspeed Reference appears in a box above the Airspeed
Indicator, flashing a yellow ‘MAXSPD’ annunciation. Engine power should be reduced and/or the pitch reference
adjusted to slow the aircraft. The annunciation disappears when the overspeed condition is resolved.
Airspeed
Indicator
Figure 7-40 Overspeed Annunciation
190-00592-03 Rev. A
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
7-43
AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
BLANK PAGE
7-44
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
190-00592-03 Rev. A
ADDITIONAL FEATURES
SECTION 8 ADDITIONAL FEATURES
NOTE: The availability of SafeTaxi, ChartView, or FliteCharts in electronic form does not preclude the
requirement to carry paper charts aboard the aircraft. See AC 120-76A for more information.
Additional features of the G1000 include SafeTaxi™ diagrams, ChartView and FliteCharts™ electronic charts,
and XM Radio entertainment.
SafeTaxi diagrams provide detailed taxiway, runway, and ramp information at more than 700 airports in the
United States. By zooming in on an airport that has a SafeTaxi diagram available, a close up view of the airport
layout can be seen.
The optional ChartView and FliteCharts provide on-board electronic terminal procedures charts. Electronic
charts offer the convenience of rapid access to essential information. Either ChartView or FliteCharts may be
configured in the system, but not both.
The optional XM Radio entertainment audio feature of the GDL 69A Data Link Receiver offers more than 170
channels of music, news, and sports. XM Radio offers more entertainment choices and longer range coverage
than commercial broadcast stations.
8.1 SAFETAXI
SafeTaxi is an enhanced feature that gives greater map detail when zooming in on airports at close range. The
maximum map ranges for enhanced detail are pilot configurable. When zoomed in close enough to show the
airport detail, the map reveals runways with numbers, taxiways with identifying letters/numbers, and airport
landmarks including ramps, buildings, control towers, and other prominent features. Resolution is greater at
lower map ranges. When the aircraft location is within the screen boundary, including within SafeTaxi ranges, an
airplane symbol is shown on any of the navigation map views for enhanced position awareness.
190-00592-03 Rev. A
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
8-1
ADDITIONAL FEATURES
Any map page that displays the navigation view can also show the SafeTaxi airport layout within the maximum
configured range. The following is a list of pages where the SafeTaxi feature can be seen:
• NDB Information Page
• Navigation Map Page
• Inset Map (PFD)
• VOR Information Page
• Weather Datalink Page
• User Waypoint Information Page
• Airport Information Page
• Trip Planning Page
• Intersection Information Page
• Nearest Pages
During ground operations the aircraft’s position is displayed in reference to taxiways, runways, and airport
features. In the example shown in Figure 8-1, the aircraft is on Taxiway Charlie approaching the beginning of
runway 03.
Airport
Features
Taxiway
Identification
Aircraft
Position
Runway
Number
Figure 8-1 SafeTaxi Depiction on the Navigation Map Page
DCLTR Softkey
Removes
Airport Runway
and Taxiway
Markings
The DCLTR Softkey (declutter) label advances to DCLTR-1, DCLTR -2, and DCLTR-3 each time the softkey is
pressed for easy recognition of decluttering level. Pressing the DCLTR Softkey removes the taxiway markings
and airport identification labels. Pressing the DCLTR-1 Softkey removes VOR station ID, the VOR symbol, and
intersection names if within the airport plan view. Pressing the DCLTR-2 Softkey removes the airport runway
layout, unless the airport in view is part of an active route structure. Pressing the DCLTR-3 Softkey cycles back
to the original map detail. Refer to Map Declutter Levels in the GPS Navigation Section.
8-2
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
190-00592-03 Rev. A
ADDITIONAL FEATURES
Configuring SafeTaxi range:
1) While viewing the Navigation Map Page, press the MENU Key to display the PAGE MENU.
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the ‘Map Setup’ Menu Option and press the ENT Key.
Figure 8-2 Navigation Map PAGE MENU, Map Setup Option
3) Turn the FMS Knob to select the Aviation Group and press the ENT Key.
4) Turn the large FMS Knob to scroll through the Aviation Group options to ‘SAFETAXI’.
5) Turn the small FMS Knob to display the range of distances.
6) Turn either FMS Knob to select the desired distance for maximum SafeTaxi display range.
7) Press the ENT Key to complete the selection.
8) Press the FMS Knob to return to the Navigation Map Page.
SAFETAXI
Option
SafeTaxi
Range
Options
Figure 8-3 MAP SETUP Menu, Aviation Group, SAFETAXI Range Options
190-00592-03 Rev. A
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
8-3
ADDITIONAL FEATURES
SAFETAXI CYCLE NUMBER AND REVISION
The SafeTaxi database is revised every 56 days. SafeTaxi is always available for use after the expiration date.
When turning on the G1000, the Power-up Page indicates whether the databases are current, out of date, or not
available. The Power-up Page shows the SafeTaxi database is current when the ‘SafeTaxi Expires’ date is shown
in white. When the SafeTaxi cycle has expired, the ‘SafeTaxi Expires’ date appears in yellow. The message
‘SafeTaxi: N/A’ appears in white if no SafeTaxi data is available on the database card (Figure 8-4).
SafeTaxi Database is Current
SafeTaxi Database has Expired
SafeTaxi Database Not Available
Figure 8-4 Power-up Page, SafeTaxi Database
8-4
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
190-00592-03 Rev. A
ADDITIONAL FEATURES
The SafeTaxi Region, Version, Cycle, Effective date, and Expires date of the database cycle can also be found
on the AUX - System Status page. SafeTaxi information appears in blue and yellow text. The ‘EXPIRES’ date
appears in blue when data is current and in yellow when expired (Figures 8-5 and 8-6). SafeTaxi ‘REGION
NOT AVAILABLE’ appears in blue if SafeTaxi data is not available on the database card (Figure 8-6). Expired
SafeTaxi data is never disabled.
Press the DBASE Softkey for scrolling through the database information. Scroll through the database with
the FMS knob or ENT Key.
The SafeTaxi database cycle number shown in Figure 8-5, ‘07S1’ is broken down as follows:
07 – Indicates the year 2007
S – Indicates the data is for SafeTaxi
1 – Indicates the first issue of the SafeTaxi database for the year
The SafeTaxi ‘EFFECTIVE’ date ‘18–JAN–07’ is the beginning date for the current database cycle. SafeTaxi
‘EXPIRES’ date ‘15–MAR–07’ is the revision date for the next database cycle.
SafeTaxi Data
DBASE Softkey
Selected
Figure 8-5 AUX – System Status Page, SafeTaxi Current Information
The SafeTaxi database is provided by Garmin. Refer to Updating Garmin Databases in Appendix B for
instructions on revising the SafeTaxi database.
190-00592-03 Rev. A
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
8-5
ADDITIONAL FEATURES
The other two possible AUX - System Status page conditions are shown in Figure 8-6. The ‘EFFECTIVE’ date
is the beginning date for this database cycle. ‘EXPIRES’ date is the revision date for the next database cycle.
‘NOT AVAILABLE’ indicates that SafeTaxi is not available on the database card or no database card is inserted.
SafeTaxi Database has Expired
SafeTaxi Database Not Installed
Figure 8-6 AUX – System Status Page, SafeTaxi Expired, SafeTaxi Not Available
8-6
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
190-00592-03 Rev. A
ADDITIONAL FEATURES
8.2 CHARTVIEW
ChartView resembles the paper version of Jeppesen terminal procedures charts. The charts are displayed in full
color with high-resolution. The MFD depiction shows the aircraft position on the moving map in the plan view
of approach charts and on airport diagrams.
The ChartView database subscription is available from Jeppesen, Inc. Available data includes:
• Airport Diagrams
• Arrivals (STAR)
• NOTAMs
• Departure Procedures (DP)
• Approaches
CHARTVIEW SOFTKEYS
ChartView functions are displayed on three levels of softkeys. While on the Navigation Map Page, Flight
Plan Page, or Nearest Airports Page, pressing the SHW CHRT Softkey displays the available terminal chart and
advances to the chart selection level of softkeys: CHRT OPT, CHRT, INFO, DP, STAR, APR, WX, NOTAM,
and GO BACK. The chart selection softkeys (Figure 8-7) appear on the Airport Information Page.
Pressing the GO BACK Softkey reverts to the top level softkeys and previous page.
Pressing the CHRT OPT Softkey advances to the next level of softkeys: ALL, HEADER, PLAN, PROFILE,
MINIMUMS, FIT WDTH, FULL SCN, and BACK.
While viewing the CHRT OPT Softkeys, after 45 seconds of softkey inactivity, the system reverts to the chart
selection softkeys.
SHW CHRT
CHRT OPT
CHRT
INFO
DP
STAR
APR
WX
NOTAM
GO BACK
Pressing the GO BACK Softkey returns
to the top-level softkeys and previous page.
ALL
HEADER
PLAN
PROFILE
MINIMUMS FIT WDTH FULL SCN
BACK
Pressing the BACK Softkey returns
to the Chart Selection Softkeys.
Figure 8-7 ChartView SHW CHRT, Chart Selection, and Chart Option Softkeys
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Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
8-7
ADDITIONAL FEATURES
TERMINAL PROCEDURES CHARTS
Selecting Terminal Procedures Charts:
1) While viewing the Navigation Map Page, Nearest Airport Page, or Flight Plan Page, press the SHW CHRT
Softkey.
OR:
2) Press the MENU Key to display the PAGE MENU.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to scroll through the OPTIONS Menu to ‘Show Chart’.
4) Press the ENT Key to display the chart.
Figure 8-8 Navigation Map Page OPTIONS Menu
When no terminal procedure chart is available, the banner ‘CHART NOT AVAILABLE’ appears on the screen.
The ‘CHART NOT AVAILABLE’ banner does not refer to the Jeppesen subscription, but rather the availability of
a particular airport chart selection or procedure for a selected airport.
Figure 8-9 Chart Not Available Banner
If there is a problem in rendering the data (such as a data error or a failure of an individual chart), the banner
‘UNABLE TO DISPLAY CHART’ is then displayed.
Figure 8-10 Unable To Display Chart Banner
8-8
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
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ADDITIONAL FEATURES
When a chart is not available from the Navigation Map Page by pressing the SHW CHRT Softkey or selecting
a Page Menu Option, charts may be obtained from the WPT Pages or Flight Plan Pages.
Figure 8-11 Waypoint Information Page OPTIONS Menu
If a chart is available for the destination airport, or the airport selected in the flight plan, it appears on the
screen. When no flight plan is active, or when not flying to a direct-to destination, pressing the SHW CHRT
Softkey displays the chart for the nearest airport, if available.
The chart shown will be one associated with the WPT – Airport Information page. Usually this is the airport
runway diagram. Where no runway diagram exists, but Take Off Minimums or Alternate Minimums are
available, that page will appear. If Airport Information pages are unavailable, the Approach Chart for the
airport is shown.
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ADDITIONAL FEATURES
Selecting a chart:
1) While viewing the Navigation Map Page, Flight Plan Page, or Nearest Airports Page, press the SHW CHRT
Softkey. The airport diagram will be displayed on the Airport Information Page.
2) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to select either the Airport Identifier Box or the Approach Box.
4) Turn the small and large FMS Knob to enter the desired airport identifier.
5) Press the ENT Key to complete the airport selection.
6) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the Approach Box.
7) Turn the small FMS Knob to show the approach chart selection choices.
8) Turn either FMS Knob to scroll through the available charts.
9) Press the ENT Key to complete the chart selection.
Chart Scale
Select Desired
Approach Chart
From Menu
Scroll Through
Entire Chart
With the
Joystick
Figure 8-12 Approach Information Page, Chart Selection
While the APPROACH Box is selected using the FMS Knob, the G1000 softkeys are blank. Once the desired
chart is selected, the chart scale can be changed and the chart page can be scrolled using the Joystick. Pressing
the Joystick centers the chart on the screen.
The aircraft symbol is shown on the chart only if the chart is to scale and the aircraft position is within
the boundaries of the chart. The aircraft symbol is not displayed when the Aircraft Not Shown Icon appears
(Figure 8-16). If the Chart Scale Box displays a banner ‘CHART NOT TO SCALE’, the aircraft symbol will not
be shown. The Aircraft Not Shown Icon may appear at certain times, even if the chart is displayed to scale.
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Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
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ADDITIONAL FEATURES
Pressing the CHRT Softkey switches between the ChartView diagram and the associated map in the WPT
page group. In the example shown, the CHRT Softkey switches between the Colorado Springs, CO (KCOS)
Airport Diagram and the navigation map on the WPT – Airport Information page.
Press CHRT Softkey
to Switch Between
ChartView and WPT Airport Information Page
Figure 8-13 CHRT Softkey, Airport Information Page
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ADDITIONAL FEATURES
Pressing the INFO Softkey returns to the airport diagram when the view is on a different chart. If the
displayed chart is the airport diagram, the INFO Softkey will have no effect.
The aircraft position is shown in magenta on the ChartView diagrams when the location of the aircraft is within
the chart boundaries. In the example shown, the aircraft is turning onto Taxiway Romeo on the Charlotte, NC
(KCLT) airport.
Another source for additional airport information is from the INFO Box above the chart for certain airports.
This information source is not related to the INFO Softkey. When the INFO Box is selected using the FMS
Knob, the G1000 softkeys are blank. The Charlotte, NC airport has five additional charts offering information;
the Airport Diagram, Take-off Minimums, Class B Airspace, Airline Parking Gate Coordinates, and Airline
Parking Gate Location. (The numbers in parentheses after the chart name are Jeppesen designators.)
Aircraft
Current
Position
Figure 8-14 Airport Information Page, INFO View, Full Screen Width
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ADDITIONAL FEATURES
In the example shown in Figure 8-14, the Class B Chart is selected. Pressing the ENT Key displays the
Charlotte Class B Airspace Chart (Figure 8-15).
Figure 8-15 Airport Information Page, Class B Chart Selected from INFO View
Pressing the DP Softkey displays the Departure Procedure Chart if available.
Chart Not
To Scale
Aircraft Not
Shown Icon
Figure 8-16 Departure Information Page
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ADDITIONAL FEATURES
Pressing the STAR Softkey displays the Standard Terminal Arrival Chart if available.
Chart Not
To Scale
Zoom and Pan
Through the
Chart With the
Joystick
Aircraft Not
Shown Icon
Figure 8-17 Arrival Information Page
Pressing the APR Softkey displays the approach chart for the airport if available.
Figure 8-18 Approach Information Page
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Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
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ADDITIONAL FEATURES
Pressing the WX Softkey shows the airport weather frequency information, and includes weather data such as
METAR and TAF from the XM Data Link Receiver, when available. Weather information is available only when
an XM Data Link Receiver is installed and the XM Weather subscription is current.
WX Info
When
Available
WX Softkey
Selected
Figure 8-19 Weather Information Page
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ADDITIONAL FEATURES
NOTE: A subdued softkey label indicates the function is disabled.
Recent NOTAMS applicable to the current ChartView cycle are included in the ChartView database. Pressing
the NOTAM Softkey shows the local NOTAM information for selected airports, when available. When NOTAMS
are not available, the NOTAM Softkey label appears subdued and is disabled as shown in Figure 8-19. The
NOTAM Softkey may appear on the Airport Information Page, the Navigation Map Page, and all of the chart
page selections.
NOTAM
Softkey
Appears for
Selected
Airports
Figure 8-20 NOTAM Softkey Highlighted
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Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
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ADDITIONAL FEATURES
Local
NOTAM on
This Airport
NOTAM
Softkey
Selected
Figure 8-21 Airport Information Page, Local NOTAMs
Pressing the NOTAM Softkey again removes the NOTAMS information.
Pressing the GO BACK Softkey reverts to the previous page (Navigation Map Page, Nearest Pages, or Flight
Plan Page).
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ADDITIONAL FEATURES
CHART OPTIONS
Pressing the CHRT OPT Softkey displays the next level of softkeys, the chart options level (Figure 8-7).
Pressing the ALL Softkey shows the entire approach chart on the screen.
Entire Chart
Shown
Figure 8-22 Approach Information Page, ALL View
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Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
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ADDITIONAL FEATURES
Pressing the HEADER Softkey shows the header view (approach chart briefing strip) on the screen.
Approach
Chart
Briefing Strip
Figure 8-23 Approach Information Page, Header View
Pressing the PLAN Softkey shows the approach chart two dimensional plan view.
Approach
Chart Plan
View
Figure 8-24 Approach Information Page, Plan View
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Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
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ADDITIONAL FEATURES
Pressing the PROFILE Softkey displays the approach chart descent profile strip.
Approach
Chart Descent
Profile Strip
Figure 8-25 Approach Information Page, Profile View, Full Screen Width
Pressing the MINIMUMS Softkey displays the minimum descent altitude/visibility strip at the bottom of the
approach chart.
Minimum
Descent
Altitude/
Visibility Strip
Figure 8-26 Approach Information Page, Minimums View, Full Screen Width
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Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
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ADDITIONAL FEATURES
If the chart scale has been adjusted to view a small area of the chart, pressing the FIT WIDTH Softkey
changes the chart size to fit the available screen width.
Press FIT WDTH
Softkey to Show
Full Chart Width
Figure 8-27 Airport Information Page, FIT WDTH Softkey Selected
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Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
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ADDITIONAL FEATURES
Pressing the FULL SCN Softkey alternates between removing and replacing the data window to the right.
Selecting Additional Information:
1) While viewing the Airport Taxi Diagram, press the FULL SCN Softkey to display the information windows
(AIRPORT, INFO).
2) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the AIRPORT, INFO, or FREQUENCIES Box (INFO Box shown.)
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the INFO Box choices. If multiple choices are available, scroll to the desired
choice with the large FMS Knob and press the ENT Key to complete the selection.
5) Press the FMS Knob again to deactivate the cursor.
Available
Information
Press FULL SCN
Softkey to Switch
Between Full
Screen and Chart
with Info Window
Figure 8-28 Airport Information Page, Full Screen and Info Window
Pressing the BACK Softkey, or waiting for 45 seconds reverts to the chart selection softkeys.
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Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
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ADDITIONAL FEATURES
DAY/NIGHT VIEW
ChartView can be displayed on a white or black background for day or night viewing. The Day View offers
a better presentation in a bright environment. The Night View gives a better presentation for viewing in a dark
environment. When the CHART SETUP Box is selected the G1000 softkeys are blank.
Selecting Day, Night, or Automatic View:
1) While viewing a terminal chart press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu OPTIONS.
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the ‘Chart Setup’ Menu Option and press the ENT Key.
Figure 8-29 Waypoint Information Page, OPTIONS Menu
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to move between the ‘FULL SCREEN’ and ‘COLOR SCHEME’ Options (Figure 8-30).
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to choose between the ‘On’ and ‘Off’ Full Screen Options.
5) Turn the small FMS Knob to choose between ‘Day’, ‘Auto’, and ‘Night’ Options.
6) In Auto Mode, turn the large FMS Knob to select the percentage field and change percentage with the small
FMS Knob. The percentage of change is the day/night crossover point based on backlighting intensity.
NOTE: Once an adjustment is made to the percentage field in Auto mode, the chart must be redrawn
(zoomed in or out, or another chart selected) before the switch from Day to Night is seen.
7) Press the FMS Knob when finished to remove the Chart Setup Menu.
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ADDITIONAL FEATURES
Figure 8-30 Arrival Information Page, Day View
Figure 8-31 Arrival Information Page, Night View
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Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
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ADDITIONAL FEATURES
CHARTVIEW CYCLE NUMBER AND EXPIRATION DATE
ChartView database is revised every 14 days. Charts are still viewable during a period that extends from
the cycle expiration date to the disables date. ChartView is disabled 70 days after the expiration date and is
no longer available for viewing upon reaching the disables date. When turning on the G1000, the Power-up
Page indicates any of nine different possible criteria for ChartView availability. See Table 8-1 for the various
ChartView Power-up Page displays and the definition of each.
Power-up Page Display
Definition
Blank Line. G1000 system is not configured for ChartView. Contact
a Garmin-authorized service center for configuration.
System is configured for ChartView but no chart database is
installed. Contact Jeppesen for a ChartView database.
Normal operation. ChartView database is valid and within current
cycle.
ChartView database is within 1 week after expiration date. A new
cycle is available for update.
ChartView database is beyond 1 week after expiration date, but still
within the 70 day viewing period.
ChartView database has timed out. Database is beyond 70 days
after expiration date. ChartView database is no longer available for
viewing.
System time is not available. GPS satellite data is unknown or
G1000 has not yet locked onto satellites. Check database cycle
number for effectivity.
System is verifying chart database when new cycle is installed for the
first time.
After verifying, chart database is found to be corrupt. ChartView will
not be available.
Table 8-1 ChartView Power-up Page Annunciations and Definitions
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Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
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ADDITIONAL FEATURES
Examples of four possible Power-up Page conditions are shown in Figure 8-32. ‘ChartView Disables’ plus a
date in white, indicates chart data is current. This indication for normal operation shows how long the charts
may be viewed. ‘Chart data update available.’ in white, indicates the chart data cycle has expired within the
past week and the next chart cycle is available. ‘Chart data is out of date!’ in yellow, indicates charts are still
viewable, but approaching the disable date. ‘Chart data is disabled.’ in yellow, indicates the chart cycle has
expired and is no longer viewable.
ChartView Database is
Current and Available
Chart Cycle has Expired,
Next Cycle is Available
Chart Cycle has Expired but is Still Viewable
for 70 Days from Expiration Date
Chart Cycle is No
Longer Viewable
Figure 8-32 Examples of Power-up Page, ChartView Database
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Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
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ADDITIONAL FEATURES
NOTE: A subdued softkey label indicates the function is disabled.
The ChartView time critical information can also be found on the AUX - System Status page. The database
‘CYCLE’ number, ‘EXPIRES’, and ‘DISABLES’ dates of the ChartView subscription appear in either blue or yellow
text. When the ChartView ‘EXPIRES’ date is reached, ChartView becomes inoperative 70 days later. This is shown
as the ‘DISABLES’ date. When the ‘DISABLES’ date is reached, charts are no longer available for viewing. The
SHW CHRT Softkey label then appears subdued and is disabled until a revised issue of ChartView is installed.
Press the DBASE Softkey for scrolling through the database information. Scroll through the database with
the FMS knob or ENT Key.
The ChartView database cycle number shown in Figure 8-33, ‘0619’ is broken down as follows:
06 – Indicates the year 2006
19 – Indicates the 19th issue of the ChartView database for the year
The ‘EXPIRES’ date “05–OCT–06” is the date that this database should be replaced with the next issue.
The ‘DISABLES’ date “14–DEC–06” is the date that this database becomes inoperative.
ChartView
Data
DBASE Softkey
Selected
Figure 8-33 AUX – System Status Page, ChartView Current and Available
The ChartView database is provided directly from Jeppesen. Refer to Updating Jeppesen Databases in
Appendix B for instructions on revising the ChartView database.
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Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
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ADDITIONAL FEATURES
The other three possible AUX - System Status page conditions are shown in Figure 8-34. The ‘EXPIRES’
date, in yellow, is the revision date for the next database cycle. The ‘DISABLES’ date, in yellow, is the date that
this database cycle is no longer viewable. ‘REGION’ and ‘CYCLE’ ‘NOT AVAILABLE’ in blue, indicate that no
ChartView data is available on the database card or no database card is inserted.
ChartView Database has Expired, but is not Disabled
ChartView Database is Disabled
System is
Configured for
ChartView but
Database is not
Available
ChartView Database is Not Available
Figure 8-34 AUX – System Status Page, ChartView Expired, ChartView Disabled, ChartView Not Available
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Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
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ADDITIONAL FEATURES
8.3 FLITECHARTS
FliteCharts resemble the paper version of National Aeronautical Charting Office (NACO) terminal procedures
charts. The charts are displayed with high-resolution and in color for applicable charts. FliteCharts database
subscription is available from Garmin. Available data includes:
• Arrivals (STAR)
• Approaches
• Departure Procedures (DP)
• Airport Diagrams
FLITECHARTS SOFTKEYS
FliteCharts functions are displayed on three levels of softkeys. While on the Navigation Map Page or Nearest
Airports Page, pressing the SHW CHRT Softkey displays the available terminal chart and advances to the chart
selection level of softkeys: CHRT OPT, CHRT, INFO, DP, STAR, APR, WX, and GO BACK. The chart
selection softkeys (Figure 8-35) appear on the Airport Information Page.
Pressing the GO BACK Softkey reverts to the top level softkeys and previous page.
Pressing the CHRT OPT Softkey displays the available terminal chart and advances to the next level of
softkeys: ALL, FIT WDTH, FULL SCN, and BACK.
While viewing the CHRT OPT Softkeys, after 45 seconds of softkey inactivity, the system reverts to the chart
selection softkeys.
NOTAMs are not available with FliteCharts. The NOTAM Softkey label appears subdued and is disabled.
SHW CHRT
CHRT OPT
CHRT
INFO
DP
STAR
APR
WX
GO BACK
Presssing the GO BACK Softkey returns
to the top-level softkeys and previous page.
ALL
FIT WDTH
FULL SCN
BACK
Pressing the BACK Softkey returns
to the Chart Selection Softkeys.
Figure 8-35 FliteCharts SHW CHRT, Chart Selection, and Chart Option Softkeys
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ADDITIONAL FEATURES
TERMINAL PROCEDURES CHARTS
Selecting Terminal Procedures Charts:
1) While viewing the Navigation Map Page, Nearest Airport Page, or Flight Plan Page, press the SHW CHRT
Softkey.
OR:
2) Press the MENU Key to display the PAGE MENU.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to scroll through the OPTIONS Menu to ‘Show Chart’.
4) Press the ENT Key to display the chart.
Figure 8-36 Navigation Map Page OPTIONS Menu
When no terminal procedure chart is available, the banner ‘CHART NOT AVAILABLE’ appears on the screen.
The ‘CHART NOT AVAILABLE’ banner does not refer to the FliteCharts subscription, but rather the availability
of a particular airport chart selection or procedure for a selected airport.
Figure 8-37 Chart Not Available Banner
If there is a problem in rendering the data (such as a data error or a failure of an individual chart), the banner
‘UNABLE TO DISPLAY CHART’ is then displayed.
Figure 8-38 Unable To Display Chart Banner
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Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
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ADDITIONAL FEATURES
When a chart is not available from the Navigation Map Page by pressing the SHW CHRT Softkey or selecting
a Page Menu Option, charts may be obtained from the WPT Pages or Flight Plan Pages.
Figure 8-39 Waypoint Information Page OPTIONS Menu
If a chart is available for the destination airport, or the airport selected in the flight plan, it appears on the
screen. When no flight plan is active, or when not flying to a direct-to destination, pressing the SHW CHRT
Softkey displays the chart for the nearest airport, if available.
The chart shown will be one associated with the WPT – Airport Information page. Usually this is the airport
runway diagram. Where no runway diagram exists, but Take Off Minimums or Alternate Minimums are
available, that page will appear. If Airport Information pages are unavailable, the Approach Chart for the
airport is shown.
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ADDITIONAL FEATURES
Selecting a chart:
1) While viewing the Navigation Map Page, Flight Plan Page, or Nearest Airports Page, press the SHW CHRT
Softkey. The airport diagram will be displayed on the Airport Information Page.
2) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to select either the Airport Identifier Box or the Approach Box.
4) Turn the small and large FMS Knob to enter the desired airport identifier.
5) Press the ENT Key to complete the airport selection.
6) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the Approach Box.
7) Turn the small FMS Knob to show the approach chart selection choices.
8) Turn either FMS Knob to scroll through the available charts.
9) Press the ENT Key to complete the chart selection.
Chart Not
To Scale
Select Desired
Approach Chart
from Menu
Pan Entire
Chart With
the Joystick
Aircraft Not
Shown Icon
Figure 8-40 Approach Information Page, Chart Selection
While the APPROACH Box is selected using the FMS Knob, the G1000 softkeys are blank. Once the desired
chart is selected, the chart scale can be changed and the chart can be panned using the Joystick. Pressing the
Joystick centers the chart on the screen.
The aircraft symbol is not shown on FliteCharts. The Chart Scale Box displays a banner ‘CHART NOT TO
SCALE’, and the Aircraft Not Shown Icon is displayed in the lower right corner of the screen.
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Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
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ADDITIONAL FEATURES
Pressing the CHRT Softkey alternates between the FliteCharts diagram and the associated map in the WPT
page group. In the example shown, the CHRT Softkey switches between the Charlotte, NC (KCLT) Airport
Diagram and the navigation map on the WPT – Airport Information page.
Press CHRT Softkey
to Switch Between
FiteCharts and
Navigation Map Page
Figure 8-41 CHRT Softkey, Airport Information Page
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Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
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ADDITIONAL FEATURES
Pressing the INFO Softkey returns to the airport diagram when the view is on a different chart. If the
displayed chart is the airport diagram, the INFO Softkey will have no effect.
Another source for additional airport information is from the INFO Box above the chart (Figure 8-41) or to
the right of the chart (Figure 8-42) for certain airports. This information source is not related to the INFO
Softkey. When the INFO Box is selected using the FMS Knob, the G1000 softkeys are blank. The Charlotte,
NC airport has three additional charts offering information; the Airport Diagram, Alternate Minimums, and
Take-off Minimums.
Info Box
Selected
Figure 8-42 Airport Information Page, INFO View with Airport Information
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Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
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ADDITIONAL FEATURES
In the example shown in Figure 8-42, ‘TAKE OFF MINIMUMS’ is selected. Pressing the ENT Key displays
the Take-off Minimums and Departure Procedures Chart (Figure 8-43).
Figure 8-43 Airport Information Page, TAKE OFF MINIMUMS Selected from INFO View
Pressing the DP Softkey displays the Departure Procedure Chart if available.
Figure 8-44 Departure Information Page
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Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
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ADDITIONAL FEATURES
Pressing the STAR Softkey displays the Standard Terminal Arrival Chart if available.
Figure 8-45 Arrival Information Page
Pressing the APR Softkey displays the approach chart for the airport if available.
Figure 8-46 Approach Information Page
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ADDITIONAL FEATURES
Pressing the WX Softkey shows the airport weather frequency information, when available, and includes
weather data such as METAR and TAF from the XM Data Link Receiver. Weather information is available only
when an XM Data Link Receiver is installed and the XM Weather subscription is current.
Selecting Additional Information:
1) While viewing the Airport Taxi Diagram, press the WX Softkey to display the information windows (AIRPORT,
INFO).
2) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the INFO Box.
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the INFO Box choices. When the INFO Box is selected the G1000 softkeys
are blank. If multiple choices are available, scroll to the desired choice with the large FMS Knob and press the
ENT Key to complete the selection.
5) Press the FMS Knob again to deactivate the cursor.
Info Available
on This Airport
WX Info
When
Available
Chart Not
To Scale
Figure 8-47 Weather Information Page
WX Softkey
Selected
Pressing the GO BACK Softkey reverts to the previous page (Navigation Map Page or Flight Plan Page).
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ADDITIONAL FEATURES
CHART OPTIONS
Pressing the CHRT OPT Softkey displays the next level of softkeys, the chart options level (Figure 8-35).
Pressing the ALL Softkey shows the entire chart on the screen.
Entire Chart
Shown
Figure 8-48 Airport Information Page, ALL View Selected
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Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
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ADDITIONAL FEATURES
Pressing the FIT WIDTH Softkey fits the width of the chart in the display viewing area. In the example
shown, the zoomed-in chart is replaced with the full width chart.
Press FIT WDTH
Softkey to Show
Full Chart Width
Figure 8-49 Approach Information Page, FIT WDTH Softkey Selected
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ADDITIONAL FEATURES
Pressing the FULL SCN Softkey alternates between removing and replacing the data window to the right.
Press FULL SCN
Softkey to Switch
Between Chart on
Full Screen and Chart
with Info Window
Figure 8-50 Airport Information Page, Full Screen and Info Window
Pressing the BACK Softkey, or waiting for 45 seconds reverts to the chart selection softkeys.
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ADDITIONAL FEATURES
DAY/NIGHT VIEW
FliteCharts can be displayed on a white or black background for day or night viewing. The Day View offers
a better presentation in a bright environment. The Night View gives a better presentation for viewing in a dark
environment. When the CHART SETUP Box is selected the G1000 softkeys are blank.
Selecting Day, Night, or Automatic View:
1) While viewing a terminal chart press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu OPTIONS.
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the ‘Chart Setup’ Menu Option and press the ENT Key.
Figure 8-51 Waypoint Information Page, OPTIONS Menu
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to move between the ‘FULL SCREEN’ and ‘COLOR SCHEME’ Options.
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to choose between the ‘On’ and ‘Off’ Full Screen Options.
5) Turn the small FMS Knob to choose between ‘Day’, ‘Auto’, and ‘Night’ Options.
6) In Auto Mode, turn the large FMS Knob to select the percentage field and change percentage with the small
FMS Knob. The percentage of change is the day/night crossover point based on backlighting intensity.
NOTE: Once an adjustment is made to the percentage field in Auto mode, the chart must be redrawn
(zoomed in or out, or another chart selected) before the switch from Day to Night is seen.
7) Press the FMS Knob when finished to remove the Chart Setup Menu.
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ADDITIONAL FEATURES
Figure 8-52 Approach Information Page, Day View
Figure 8-53 Approach Information Page, Night View
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ADDITIONAL FEATURES
FLITECHARTS CYCLE NUMBER AND EXPIRATION DATE
FliteCharts data is revised every 28 days. Charts are still viewable during a period that extends from the
cycle expiration date to the disables date. FliteCharts is disabled 180 days after the expiration date and are no
longer available for viewing upon reaching the disables date. When turning on the G1000, the Power-up Page
indicates any of five different possible criteria for chart availability. These indications are whether the databases
are not configured, not available, current, out of date, or disabled. See Table 8-2 for the various FliteCharts
Power-up Page displays and the definition of each.
Power-up Page Display
Definition
Blank Line. G1000 system is not configured for FliteCharts. Contact
a Garmin-authorized service center for configuration.
System is configured for FliteCharts but no chart database is
installed. Refer to Updating Garmin Databases in Appendix B for the
FliteCharts database
Normal operation. FliteCharts database is valid and within current
cycle.
FliteCharts database is beyond the expiration date, but still within
the 180 day viewing period.
FliteCharts database has timed out. Database is beyond 180 days
after expiration date. FliteCharts database is no longer available for
viewing.
Table 8-2 FliteCharts Power-up Page Annunciations and Definitions
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ADDITIONAL FEATURES
Examples of four possible Power-up Page messages are shown in Figure 8-54. ‘FliteCharts Expires’ plus a
date in white, indicates the chart database is current. ‘Chart data is out of date!’ in yellow, indicates charts are
still viewable, but approaching the disable date.
When the 180 day grace period has expired, ‘Chart data is disabled.’ in yellow indicates that the FliteCharts
database has expired and is no longer viewable. ‘Chart Data: N/A’ appears in white if no FliteCharts data is
available on the database card or no database card is inserted.
FliteCharts Database is Current
and Available
FliteCharts Database is
Expired but Still Available
FliteCharts Database is Disabled
FliteCharts Database is Not Available
Figure 8-54 FliteCharts Power-up Page Messages
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Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
190-00592-03 Rev. A
ADDITIONAL FEATURES
NOTE: A subdued softkey label indicates the function is disabled.
FliteCharts time critical information can also be found on the AUX - System Status page. The FliteCharts
database ‘REGION’, ‘CYCLE’ number, ‘EFFECTIVE’, ‘EXPIRES’, and ‘DISABLES’ dates of the subscription appear
in either blue or yellow text. Dates shown in blue are current data. Dates shown in yellow indicate the data is
not within the current subscription period.
FliteCharts becomes inoperative 180 days after the FliteCharts ‘EXPIRES’ date is reached, and is no longer
available for viewing. This date is shown as the ‘DISABLES’ date. After the disable date the SHW CHRT Softkey
label appears subdued and is unavailable until a revised issue of FliteCharts is installed.
Press the DBASE Softkey for scrolling through the database information. Scroll through the database with
the FMS knob or ENT Key.
The FliteCharts database cycle number shown in Figure 8-55, ‘0604’ is broken down as follows:
06 – Indicates the year 2006
04 – Indicates the fourth issue of the FliteCharts database for the year
The FliteCharts ‘EFFECTIVE’ date “13–APR–06” is the first date that this database is current.
The FliteCharts ‘EXPIRES’ date “11–MAY–06” is the last date that this database is current.
The ‘DISABLES’ date “07–NOV–06” is the date that this database becomes inoperative.
FliteCharts
Data
Figure 8-55 AUX – System Status Page, FliteCharts Current and Available
DBASE Softkey
Selected
The FliteCharts database is provided from Garmin. Refer to Updating Garmin Databases in Appendix B for
instructions on revising the FliteCharts database.
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Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
8-45
ADDITIONAL FEATURES
The other three possible AUX - System Status page conditions are shown in Figure 8-56. The ‘EXPIRES’
date, in yellow, is the revision date for the next database cycle. The ‘DISABLES’ date, in yellow, is the date
that this database cycle is no longer viewable. ‘REGION’ and ‘CYCLE’ ‘NOT AVAILABLE’ in blue, indicate that
FliteCharts database is not available on the database card or no database card is inserted.
FliteCharts Database has Expired, but is not Disabled
FliteCharts Database is Disabled
System is
Configured for
FliteCharts but
Database is not
Installed
FliteCharts Database is Not Available
Figure 8-56 AUX – System Status Page, FliteCharts Expired,
FliteCharts Disabled, FliteCharts Not Available
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Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
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ADDITIONAL FEATURES
8.4 XM RADIO ENTERTAINMENT (OPTIONAL)
NOTE: Refer to the Hazard Avoidance Section for information about XM Weather products.
The optional XM Radio entertainment feature of the GDL 69A Data Link Receiver is available for the pilot’s and
passengers’ enjoyment. The GDL 69A can receive XM Satellite Radio® entertainment services at any altitude
throughout the Continental U.S. Entertainment audio is not available on the GDL 69 Data Link Receiver.
XM Satellite Radio offers a variety of radio programming over long distances without having to constantly
search for new stations. Based on signals from satellites, coverage far exceeds land-based transmissions.
XM Satellite Radio services are subscription-based. For more information on specific service packages, visit
www.xmradio.com.
ACTIVATING XM SATELLITE RADIO SERVICES
The service is activated by providing XM Satellite Radio with either one or two coded IDs, depending on the
equipment. Either the Audio Radio ID or the Data Radio ID, or both, must be provided to XM Satellite Radio
to activate the entertainment subscription.
It is not required to activate both the entertainment and weather service subscriptions with the GDL 69A.
Either or both services can be activated. XM Satellite Radio uses one or both of the coded IDs to send an
activation signal that, when received by the GDL 69A, allows it to play entertainment programming.
These IDs are located:
• On the label on the back of the Data Link Receiver
• On the XM Information Page on the MFD (Figure 8-57)
• On the XM Satellite Radio Activation Instructions included with the unit (available at www.garmin.com, P/N
190-00355-04)
Contact the installer if the Data Radio ID and the Audio Radio ID cannot be located.
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Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
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ADDITIONAL FEATURES
NOTE: The LOCK Softkey on the XM Information Page (Auxiliary Page Group) is used to save GDL 69A
activation data when the XM services are initially set up. It is not used during normal XM Radio operation,
but there should be no adverse effects if inadvertently pressed during flight. Refer to the GDL 69/69A XM
Satellite Radio Activation Instructions (190-00355-04, Rev F or later) for further information.
Activating the XM Satellite Radio services:
1) Contact XM WX Satellite Radio through the email address listed on their website (www.xmradio.com) or by the
customer service phone number listed on the website. Follow the instructions provided by XM Satellite Radio
services.
2) Select the Auxiliary Page Group.
3) Select the next to last page in the AUX Page Group.
4) Press the INFO Softkey to display the XM Information Page.
5) Verify that the desired services are activated.
6) Press the LOCK Softkey.
7) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight YES.
8) To complete activation, press the ENT Key.
Data
Radio ID
Audio
Radio ID
Weather
Products
Window
RADIO
and INFO
Softkeys
Figure 8-57 XM Information Page
LOCK Softkey
is Used to Save
Activation Data
During Initial Setup
If XM weather services have not been activated, all the weather product boxes are cleared on the XM Information
Page and a yellow Activation Required message is displayed in the center of the Weather Data Link Page (Map
Page Group). The Service Class refers to the groupings of weather products available for subscription.
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Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
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ADDITIONAL FEATURES
USING XM RADIO
The XM Radio Page provides information and control of the audio entertainment features of the XM Satellite
Radio.
Selecting the XM Radio Page:
1) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the Auxiliary Page Group.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the displayed AUX - XM Information Page.
3) Press the RADIO Softkey to show the XM Radio Page where audio entertainment is controlled.
Active
Channel
Channel
List
Volume
Field
Categories
Field
Figure 8-58 XM Radio Page
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Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
8-49
ADDITIONAL FEATURES
ACTIVE CHANNEL AND CHANNEL LIST
The Active Channel Box on the XM Radio Page displays the currently selected channel that the XM Radio
is using.
The Channels List Box of the XM Radio Page shows a list of the available channels for the selected category.
Channels can be stepped through one at a time or may be selected directly by channel number.
Stepping through channels one at a time:
1) While on the XM Radio Page, press the CHNL Softkey.
OR:
2) Press the FMS Knob to highlight the channel list and turn the large FMS Knob to scroll through the channels.
3) Press the CH + Softkey to go up through the list in the Channel Box, or move down the list with the
CH – Softkey.
Selecting a channel directly:
1) While on the XM Radio Page, press the CHNL Softkey.
2) Press the DIR CH Softkey. The channel number in the Active Channel Box will be highlighted.
3) Press the numbered softkeys located on the bottom of the display to directly select the desired channel
number.
4) Press the ENT Key to activate the selected channel.
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Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
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ADDITIONAL FEATURES
CATEGORY
The Category Box of the XM Radio Page displays the currently selected category of audio. Categories of
channels such as jazz, rock, or news can be selected to list the available channels for a type of music or other
contents. One of the optional categories is ‘PRESETS’ to view channels that have been programmed.
Selecting a category:
1) Press the CATGRY Softkey on the XM Radio Page.
2) Press the CAT + and CAT - Softkeys to cycle through the categories.
OR:
3) Turn the small FMS Knob to display the ‘Categories’ list. Highlight the desired category with the small FMS
Knob and press the ENT Key. Selecting ‘All Categories’ places all channels in the list.
Figure 8-59 Categories List
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Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
8-51
ADDITIONAL FEATURES
PRESETS
Up to 15 channels from any category can be assigned a preset number. The preset channels are selected by
pressing the PRESETS and MORE Softkeys. Then the preset channel can be selected directly and added to
the channel list for the Presets category.
Setting a preset channel number:
1) On the XM Radio Page, while listening to an Active Channel that is wanted for a preset, press the PRESETS
Softkey to access the first five preset channels (PS1 - PS5).
2) Press the MORE Softkey to access the next five channels (PS6 – PS10), and again to access the last five
channels (PS11 – PS15). Pressing the MORE Softkey repeatedly cycles through the preset channels.
3) Press any one of the (PS1 - PS15) softkeys to assign a number to the active channel.
4) Press the SET Softkey on the desired channel number to save the channel as a preset.
Press PRESETS to
Access the Preset
Channels Softkeys
Press MORE to Cycle
Through the Preset
Channels
Press SET to
Save Each
Preset Channel
Figure 8-60 Accessing and Selecting XM Preset Channels
Pressing the BACK Softkey, or waiting during 45 seconds of softkey inactivity, returns the system to the top
level softkeys.
VOLUME
Radio volume is shown as a percentage. Volume level is controlled by pressing the VOL Softkey, which
brings up the MUTE Softkey and the volume increase and decrease softkeys.
Adjusting the volume:
1) With the XM Radio Page displayed, press the VOL Softkey.
2) Press the VOL – Softkey to reduce volume or press the VOL + Softkey to increase volume. (Once the VOL
Softkey is pressed, the volume can also be adjusted using the small FMS Knob.)
3) Press the MUTE Softkey to mute the audio. Press the MUTE Softkey again to un-mute the audio.
Figure 8-61 Volume Control
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Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
190-00592-03 Rev. A
ADDITIONAL FEATURES
AUTOMATIC AUDIO MUTING
XM Radio audio is muted automatically when the aircraft groundspeed exceeds approximately 30 knots and
the airspeed is less than approximately 80 knots. The audio will not be unmuted automatically. The audio must
be manually unmuted once the aircraft is airborne and outside the applicable speed range. Automatic Audio
Muting has been implemented to meet regulatory requirements that the aural stall warning be heard.
When the aircraft is operating within the automute airspeed range, the MUTE Softkey and the volume softkeys
are subdued, and the Unmute selection of the Page Menu is unavailable, preventing the audio from being
unmuted at this time.
Audio availability conforms to the following three states:
• Audio is available on the ground until the aircraft exceeds 30 knots
• Audio is automatically muted (not available) from Airborne Status up to 80 knots airspeed
• Audio is available when airspeed is over 80 knots
Unmuting XM audio:
1) With the XM Radio Page displayed, press the VOL Softkey.
2) Press the MUTE Softkey to restore (unmute) XM Audio.
Pressing the
MUTE Softkey
When Airborne
Unmutes XM
Audio
Figure 8-62 Unmuting XM Audio Using Softkeys
OR:
3) While on either the XM – Radio Page or the XM – Information Page, press the MENU Key to display the PAGE
MENU.
4) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the Unmute option.
5) Press the ENT Key to restore (unmute) XM Audio.
Figure 8-63 Unmuting XM Audio with the Page Menu
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Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
8-53
ADDITIONAL FEATURES
8.5 ABNORMAL OPERATION
GDL 69/69A DATA LINK RECEIVER TROUBLESHOOTING
Some quick troubleshooting steps listed below can be performed to find the possible cause of a failure.
• Ensure the owner/operator of the aircraft in which the Data Link Receiver is installed has subscribed to XM
• Ensure the XM subscription has been activated
• Perform a quick check of the circuit breakers to ensure that power is applied to the Data Link Receiver
For troubleshooting purposes, check the LRU Information Box on the AUX - System Status Page for Data Link
Receiver (GDL 69/69A) status, serial number, and software version number. If a failure has been detected in the
GDL 69/69A the status will be marked with a red X.
Selecting the System Status Page:
1) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the AUX Page Group.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the System Status Page (the last page in the AUX Page Group).
Figure 8-64 LRU Information Window on System Status Page
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Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
190-00592-03 Rev. A
ADDITIONAL FEATURES
If a failure still exists, the following messages may provide insight as to the possible problem:
Message
CHECK ANTENNA
UPDATING
NO SIGNAL
LOADING
OFF AIR
---
Message Location
XM Radio Page - active channel field
XM Radio Page - active channel field
XM Radio Page - active channel field
Weather Datalink Page - center of page
XM Radio Page - active channel field
XM Radio Page - active channel field
XM Radio Page - active channel field
Description
Data Link Receiver antenna error; service required
Data Link Receiver updating encryption code
Loss of signal; signal strength too low for receiver
Acquiring channel audio or information
Channel not in service
Missing channel information
No communication from Data Link Receiver
WEATHER DATA LINK FAILURE Weather Datalink Page - center of page
within last 5 minutes
ACTIVATION REQUIRED
Weather Datalink Page - center of page XM subscription is not activated
Table 8-3 GDL 69/69A Data Link Receiver Error Messages
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Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
8-55
ADDITIONAL FEATURES
BLANK PAGE
8-56
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
190-00592-03 Rev. A
APPENDIX A
ANNUNCIATIONS AND ALERTS
NOTE: The Aircraft Flight Manual (AFM) supersedes information found in this document.
The G1000 Alerting System conveys alerts using the following:
• Annunciation Window: The Annunciation Window displays abbreviated annunciation text. Text color is
based on alert levels described in the following section. The Annunciation Window is located to the right
of the Altimeter and Vertical Speed Indicator. All aircraft annunciations can be displayed simultaneously
in the Annunciation Window. A white horizontal line separates annunciations that are acknowledged from
annunciations that are not yet acknowledged. Higher priority annunciations are displayed towards the top of
the window.
• Alerts Window: The Alerts Window displays text messages for up to 64 prioritized alert messages. Pressing
the ALERTS Softkey displays the Alerts Window. Pressing the ALERTS Softkey a second time removes the
Alerts Window from the display. When the Alerts Window is displayed, the FMS Knob can be used to scroll
through the alert message list.
• Softkey Annunciation: During certain alerts, the ALERTS Softkey may appear as a flashing annunciation
to accompany an alert. The ALERTS Softkey assumes a new label consistent with the alert level (WARNING,
CAUTION, or ADVISORY). By selecting the softkey when flashing an annunciation, the alert is acknowledged.
The softkey label then returns to ALERTS. If alerts are still present, the ALERTS label is displayed in white
with black text. Selecting the ALERTS Softkey a second time views the alert text messages.
• System Annunciations: Typically, a large red ‘X’ appears over instruments whose information is supplied by
a failed Line Replaceable Unit (LRU). See the G1000 System Annunciations Section for more information.
System
Annunciation
(Red ‘X’)
Annunciation
Window
Alerts Window
Softkey
Annunciation
Figure A-1 G1000 Alerting System
190-00592-03 Rev. A
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
A-1
APPENDIX A
• Audio Alerting System: The G1000 System issues audio alert tones when specific system conditions are met.
See the Alert Level Definitions Section for more information. The annunciation tone may be tested from the
AUX - System Status Page.
Testing the system annunciation tone:
1) Use the FMS Knob to select the AUX - System Status Page.
2) Select the ANN TEST Softkey.
OR:
a) Press the MENU Key.
b) Highlight ‘Enable Annunciator Test Mode’ and press the ENT Key.
Figure A-2 System Status Page,
Annunciation Tone Testing
A-2
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
Press to Test
Annunciation Tone
190-00592-03 Rev. A
APPENDIX A
ALERT LEVEL DEFINITIONS
The G1000 Alerting System, as installed in Diamond DA40/40F aircraft, uses three alert levels.
• WARNING: This level of alert requires immediate attention.
Warning alert text is shown in red in the Annunciation Window and is accompanied by a continuous
chime and a flashing ‘WARNING’ Softkey annunciation (see Figure A-2). Pressing the WARNING Softkey
acknowledges the presence of the warning alert and stops the aural chime.
• CAUTION: This level of alert indicates the existence of abnormal conditions on the aircraft that may require
intervention.
Caution alert text is shown in yellow in the Annunciation Window and is accompanied by a single chime and
a flashing ‘CAUTION’ Softkey annunciation (see Figure A-2). Pressing the CAUTION Softkey acknowledges
the presence of the caution alert.
• ANNUNCIATION OR MESSAGE ADVISORY: This level of alert provides general information.
Annunciation alert text is shown in white in the Annunciation Window; no aural tone is generated. An
annunciation alert is accompanied by a flashing ADVISORY Softkey annunciation (see Figure A-2). Pressing
the ADVISORY Softkey acknowledges the presence of the annunciation alert.
Message advisory alerts do not issue annunciations in the Annunciation Window. Instead, message advisory
alerts only issue a flashing ‘ADVISORY’ Softkey annunciation (see Figure A-2). Selecting the ADVISORY
Softkey acknowledges the presence of the message advisory alert and displays the alert text message in the
Alerts Window.
Figure A-3 Softkey Annunciation (ALERTS Softkey Labels)
190-00592-03 Rev. A
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
A-3
APPENDIX A
AIRCRAFT ALERTS
The following alerts are configured specifically for the Diamond DA40/40F. Red annunciation window text
signifies warnings and yellow, cautions. See the Aircraft Flight Manual Supplement (AFMS) for recommended
pilot actions.
Annunciation Window Text
OIL PRES LO
FUEL PRES LO*
FUEL PRES HI*
ALTERNATOR
STARTER ENGD
DOOR OPEN
TRIM FAIL
L FUEL LOW
R FUEL LOW
LOW VOLTS
PITOT FAIL
PITOT OFF
None
Alerts Window Message
Oil pressure is below 25 psi.
Fuel pressure is below 14 psi.
Fuel pressure is greater than 35 psi.
Alternator failed. Battery is only electrical source.
Starter is engaged.
Canopy and/or rear door is not closed and locked.
Autopilot automatic trim is inoperative.
Left fuel quantity is less than 3 gallons.
Right fuel quantity is less than 3 gallons
On-board voltage is below 24 V.
Pitot heat is inoperative.
Pitot heat is off.
PFD FAN FAIL – The cooling fan for the PFD is inoperative.
MFD FAN FAIL – The cooling fan for the MFD is inoperative.
GIA FAN FAIL – The cooling fan for the GIAs is inoperative.
Audio Alert
Continuous Aural Tone
Single Aural Tone
None
* Values differ for the DA40F; refer to the Aircraft Flight Manual Supplement (AFMS) for more information.
VOICE ALERTS
The following audio alerts are announced by the system using a voice of male or female gender (see the AUX
- System Setup Page for the default configured voice gender; contact a Garmin-authorized service center to
change the audio alert voice). If the optional Terrain Awareness and Warning System is installed, voice alerts
are also generated (refer to the TAWS Alerts section).
Voice Alert
“Minimums, Minimums”
“Vertical Track”
“Traffic”
“Traffic Not Available”
A-4
Alert Trigger
Issued when the aircraft transitions through the minimum descent altitude/decision height (MDA/DH)
Aircraft is one minute from Top of Descent - issued only when vertical navigation is enabled
TIS voice alert - issued when a Traffic Advisory (TA) is issued
TIS voice alert - issued when the traffic system fails or cannot communicate
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
190-00592-03 Rev. A
APPENDIX A
G1000 SYSTEM ANNUNCIATIONS
NOTE: Upon power-up, certain windows remain invalid as G1000 equipment begins to initialize. All windows
should be operational within one minute of power-up. If any window continues to remain flagged, the
G1000 System should be serviced by a Garmin-authorized repair facility.
When an LRU or an LRU function fails, a large red ‘X’ is typically displayed on windows associated with
the failed data (refer to Figure B-1 for all possible flags and the responsible LRUs). Refer to the Aircraft Flight
Manual (AFM) for additional information regarding pilot responses to these annunciations.
GIA 63/63W Integrated
Avionics Units
GIA 63/63W Integrated
Avionics Units
GDC 74A Air
Data Computer
GRS 77 AHRS
OR
GMU 44
Magnetometer
GEA 71 Engine
Airframe Unit
OR
GIA 63/63W Integrated
Avionics Unit
GIA 63/63W Integrated
Avionics Units
GDC 74A Air
Data Computer
Figure A-4 G1000 System Failure Annunciations
GTX 33 Transponder
OR
GIA 63/63W Integrated
Avionics Units
The status of detected LRUs can be checked on the AUX - System Status Page (Figure A-2). Active LRUs
are indicated by green check marks; failed, by red ‘X’s. Failed LRUs should be noted and a service center or
Garmin-authorized dealer informed.
Viewing LRU information:
1) Use the FMS Knob to select the AUX - System Status Page.
2) To place the cursor in the ‘LRU Info’ Box,
a) Select the LRU Softkey.
OR:
a) Press the MENU Key.
b) With ‘Select LRU Window’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
3) Use the FMS Knob to scroll through the box to view LRU status information.
190-00592-03 Rev. A
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
A-5
APPENDIX A
System Annunciation
Comment
System Annunciation
Attitude and Heading
Reference System is aligning.
Display system is not receiving
airspeed input from air data
computer.
Display system is not receiving
attitude information from the
AHRS.
Display system is not receiving
vertical speed input from the
air data computer.
AHRS calibration incomplete or
configuration module failure.
This annunciation is seen only
when the autopilot is engaged.
The annunciation indicates an
AHRS monitor has detected
an abnormal flight parameter,
possibly caused by strong
turbulence. In this case, the
situation should correct itself
within a few seconds. If there
is an actual failure, a red “X”
soon appears over the Attitude
Indicator.
GPS information is either
not present or is invalid for
navigation use. Note that
AHRS utilizes GPS inputs
during normal operation.
AHRS operation may be
degraded if GPS signals are not
present (see POH).
A-6
Comment
Display system is not receiving
valid heading input from AHRS.
Display system is not receiving
altitude input from the air data
computer.
Other Various Red X
Indications
Display system is not receiving
valid true airspeed information
from air data computer.
Display system is not receiving
valid OAT information from air
data computer.
Display system is not receiving
valid transponder information.
A red ‘X’ through any other
display field (such as engine
instrumentation fields)
indicates that the field is not
receiving valid data.
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
190-00592-03 Rev. A
APPENDIX A
G1000 SYSTEM MESSAGE ADVISORIES
NOTE: This section provides information regarding G1000 message advisories that may be displayed by the
system. Knowledge of the aircraft, systems, flight conditions, and other existing operational priorities must
be considered when responding to a message.
This section describes various G1000 System message advisories. Certain messages are issued due to an LRU
or LRU function failure. Such messages are normally accompanied by a corresponding red ‘X’ annunciation as
shown previously in the G1000 System Annunciations section.
GDU 104X PRIMARY FLIGHT DISPLAY/MULTI FUNCTION DISPLAY
Message Advisory
DATA LOST – Pilot stored data was
lost. Recheck settings.
XTALK ERROR – A flight display
crosstalk error has occurred.
PFD1 SERVICE – PFD1 needs service.
Return unit for repair.
MFD1 SERVICE – MFD1 needs
service. Return unit for repair.
MANIFEST – PFD1 software
mismatch, communication halted.
MANIFEST – MFD1 software
mismatch, communication halted.
PFD1 CONFIG – PFD1 config error.
Config service req’d.
MFD1 CONFIG – MFD1 config error.
Config service req’d.
SW MISMATCH – GDU software
version mismatch. Xtalk is off.
PFD1 COOLING – PFD1 has poor
cooling. Reducing power usage.
MFD1 COOLING – MFD1 has poor
cooling. Reducing power usage.
PFD1 KEYSTK – PFD1 [key name] is
stuck.
MFD1 KEYSTK – MFD1 [key name]
is stuck.
CNFG MODULE – PFD1 configuration
module is inoperative.
PFD1 VOLTAGE – PFD1 has low
voltage. Reducing power usage
MFD1 VOLTAGE – MFD1 has low
voltage. Reducing power usage
190-00592-03 Rev. A
Comments
The pilot profile data was lost. System reverts to default pilot profile and settings. The
pilot may reconfigure the MFD & PFD with preferred settings, if desired.
The MFD and PFD are not communicating with each other. The G1000 system should
be serviced.
The PFD and/or MFD self-test has detected a problem. The G1000 system should be
serviced.
The PFD and/or MFD has incorrect software installed. The G1000 system should be
serviced.
The PFD configuration settings do not match backup configuration memory. The
G1000 system should be serviced.
The MFD configuration settings do not match backup configuration memory. The
G1000 system should be serviced.
The MFD and PFD have different software versions installed. The G1000 system
should be serviced.
The PFD and/or MFD is overheating and is reducing power consumption by dimming
the display. If problem persists, the G1000 system should be serviced.
A key is stuck on the PFD and/or MFD bezel. Attempt to free the stuck key by pressing
it several times. The G1000 system should be serviced if the problem persists.
The PFD1 configuration module backup memory has failed. The G1000 system should
be serviced.
The PFD1 voltage is low. The G1000 system should be serviced.
The MFD voltage is low. The G1000 system should be serviced.
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
A-7
APPENDIX A
DATABASES
Message Advisory
MFD1 DB ERR – MFD1 aviation
database error exists.
PFD1 DB ERR – PFD1 aviation
database error exists.
MFD1 DB ERR – MFD1 basemap
database error exists.
PFD1 DB ERR – PFD1 basemap
database error exists.
MFD1 DB ERR – MFD1 terrain
database error exists.
PFD1 DB ERR – PFD1 terrain
database error exists.
MFD1 DB ERR – MFD1 obstacle
database error exists.
PFD1 DB ERR – PFD1 obstacle
database error exists.
MFD1 DB ERR – MFD1 airport terrain
database error exists.
PFD1 DB ERR – PFD1 airport terrain
database error exists.
MFD1 DB ERR – MFD1 Safe Taxi
database error exists.
PFD1 DB ERR – PFD1 Safe Taxi
database error exists.
MFD1 DB ERR – MFD1 Chartview
database error exists.
MFD1 DB ERR – MFD1 FliteCharts
database error exists.
DB MISMATCH – Aviation database
version mismatch. Xtalk is off.
DB MISMATCH – Aviation database
type mismatch. Xtalk is off.
DB MISMATCH – Terrain database
version mismatch.
DB MISMATCH – Terrain database
type mismatch.
DB MISMATCH – Obstacle database
version mismatch.
DB MISMATCH – Airport Terrain
database mismatch.
A-8
Comments
The MFD and/or PFD detected a failure in the aviation database. Attempt to reload
the aviation database. If problem persists, the G1000 system should be serviced.
The MFD and/or PFD detected a failure in the basemap database.
The MFD and/or PFD detected a failure in the terrain database. Ensure that the
terrain card is properly inserted in display. Replace terrain card. If problem persists,
The G1000 system should be serviced.
The MFD and/or PFD detected a failure in the obstacle database. Ensure that the data
card is properly inserted. Replace data card. If problem persists, The G1000 system
should be serviced.
The MFD and/or PFD detected a failure in the airport terrain database. Ensure that
the data card is properly inserted. Replace data card. If problem persists, The G1000
system should be serviced.
The MFD and/or PFD detected a failure in the Safe Taxi database. Ensure that the
data card is properly inserted. Replace data card. If problem persists, The G1000
system should be serviced.
The MFD and/or PFD detected a failure in the ChartView database (optional feature).
Ensure that the data card is properly inserted. Replace data card. If problem persists,
The G1000 system should be serviced.
The MFD and/or PFD detected a failure in the FliteCharts database (optional feature).
Ensure that the data card is properly inserted. Replace data card. If problem persists,
The G1000 system should be serviced.
The PFD and MFD have different aviation database versions installed. Crossfill is off.
Install correct aviation database version in both displays.
The PFD and MFD have different aviation database types installed (Americas,
European, etc.). Crossfill is off. Install correct aviation database type in both displays.
The PFD and MFD have different terrain database versions installed. Install correct
terrain database version in both displays.
The PFD and MFD have different terrain database types installed. Install correct
terrain database type in both displays.
The PFD and MFD have different obstacle database versions installed. Install correct
obstacle database version in both displays.
The PFD and MFD have different airport terrain databases installed. Install correct
airport terrain database in both displays.
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
190-00592-03 Rev. A
APPENDIX A
GMA 1347 AUDIO PANEL
Message Advisory
GMA1 FAIL – GMA1 is inoperative.
GMA1 CONFIG – GMA1 config error.
Config service req’d.
MANIFEST – GMA1 software
mismatch, communication halted.
GMA1 SERVICE – GMA1 needs
service. Return unit for repair.
Comments
The audio panel self-test has detected a failure. The audio panel is unavailable. The
G1000 system should be serviced.
The audio panel configuration settings do not match backup configuration memory.
The G1000 system should be serviced.
The audio panel has incorrect software installed. The G1000 system should be serviced.
The audio panel self-test has detected a problem in the unit. Certain audio functions may
still be available, and the audio panel may still be usable. The G1000 system should be
serviced when possible.
GIA 63 INTEGRATED AVIONICS UNIT
Message
GIA1 CONFIG – GIA1 config error.
Config service req’d.
GIA2 CONFIG – GIA2 config error.
Config service req’d.
GIA1 CONFIG – GIA1 audio config
error. Config service req’d.
GIA2 CONFIG – GIA2 audio config
error. Config service req’d.
GIA1 COOLING – GIA1 temperature
too low.
GIA2 COOLING – GIA2 temperature
too low.
GIA1 COOLING – GIA1 over
temperature.
GIA2 COOLING – GIA2 over
temperature.
GIA1 SERVICE – GIA1 needs service.
Return the unit for repair.
GIA2 SERVICE – GIA2 needs service.
Return the unit for repair.
MANIFEST – GIA1 software
mismatch, communication halted.
MANIFEST – GIA2 software
mismatch, communication halted.
COM1 TEMP – COM1 over temp.
Reducing transmitter power.
COM2 TEMP – COM2 over temp.
Reducing transmitter power.
190-00592-03 Rev. A
Comments
The GIA1 and/or GIA2 configuration settings do not match backup configuration
memory. The G1000 system should be serviced.
The GIA1 and/or GIA2 have an error in the audio configuration. The G1000 system
should be serviced.
The GIA1 and/or GIA2 temperature is too low to operate correctly. Allow units to
warm up to operating temperature.
The GIA1 and/or GIA2 temperature is too high. If problem persists, the G1000 system
should be serviced.
The GIA1 and/or GIA2 self-test has detected a problem in the unit. The G1000 system
should be serviced.
The GIA1 and/or GIA 2 has incorrect software installed. The G1000 system should be
serviced.
The system has detected an over temperature condition in COM1 and/or COM2. The
transmitter will operate at reduced power. If the problem persists, the G1000 system
should be serviced.
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
A-9
APPENDIX A
GIA 63 (CONT.)
Message
COM1 SERVICE – COM1 needs
service. Return unit for repair.
COM2 SERVICE – COM2 needs
service. Return unit for repair.
COM1 PTT – COM1 push-to-talk key
is stuck.
COM2 PTT – COM2 push-to-talk key
is stuck.
COM1 RMT XFR – COM1 remote
transfer key is stuck.
COM2 RMT XFR – COM2 remote
transfer key is stuck.
RAIM UNAVAIL – RAIM is not
available from FAF to MAP waypoints.
LOI – GPS integrity lost. Crosscheck
with other NAVS.
GPS NAV LOST – Loss of GPS
navigation. Insufficient satellites.
GPS NAV LOST – Loss of GPS
navigation. Position error.
GPS NAV LOST – Loss of GPS
navigation. GPS fail.
ABORT APR – Loss of GPS navigation.
Abort approach.
TRUE APR – True north approach.
Change HDG reference to TRUE.
GPS1 FAIL – GPS1 is inoperative.
GPS2 FAIL – GPS2 is inoperative.
GPS1 SERVICE – GPS1 needs service.
Return unit for repair.
GPS2 SERVICE – GPS2 needs service.
Return unit for repair.
NAV1 SERVICE – NAV1 needs service.
Return unit for repair.
NAV2 SERVICE – NAV2 needs service.
Return unit for repair.
NAV1 RMT XFR – NAV1 remote
transfer key is stuck.
NAV2 RMT XFR – NAV2 remote
transfer key is stuck.
A-10
Comments
The system has detected a failure in COM1 and/or COM2. COM1 and/or COM2 may
still be usable. The G1000 system should be serviced when possible.
The COM1 and/or COM2 external push-to-talk switch is stuck in the enable (or
“pressed”) position. Press the PTT switch again to cycle its operation.
If the problem persists, the G1000 system should be serviced.
The COM1 and/or COM2 transfer switch is stuck in the enabled (or “pressed”)
position. Press the transfer switch again to cycle its operation. If the problem
persists, the G1000 system should be serviced.
GPS satellite coverage is insufficient to perform Receiver Autonomous Integrity
Monitoring (RAIM) from the FAF to the MAP waypoints.
Loss of GPS integrity monitoring.
Loss of GPS navigation due to insufficient satellites.
Loss of GPS navigation due to position error.
Loss of GPS navigation due to GPS failure.
Abort approach due to loss of GPS navigation.
Displayed after passing the first waypoint of a true north approach when the nav
angle is set to ‘AUTO’.
A failure has been detected in the GPS1 and/or GPS2 receiver. The receiver is
unavailable. The G1000 system should be serviced.
A failure has been detected in the GPS1 and/or GPS2 receiver. The receiver may still
be available. The G1000 system should be serviced.
A failure has been detected in the NAV1 and/or NAV2 receiver. The receiver may still
be available. The G1000 system should be serviced.
The remote NAV1 and/or NAV2 transfer switch is stuck in the enabled (or “pressed”)
state. Press the transfer switch again to cycle its operation. If the problem persists,
the G1000 system should be serviced.
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
190-00592-03 Rev. A
APPENDIX A
GIA 63 (CONT.)
Message
G/S1 FAIL – G/S1 is inoperative.
G/S2 FAIL – G/S2 is inoperative.
G/S1 SERVICE – G/S1 needs service.
Return unit for repair.
G/S2 SERVICE – G/S2 needs service.
Return unit for repair.
Comments
A failure has been detected in glideslope receiver 1 and/or receiver 2. The G1000
system should be serviced.
A failure has been detected in glideslope receiver 1 and/or receiver 2. The receiver
may still be available. The G1000 system should be serviced when possible.
GIA 63W INTEGRATED AVIONICS UNIT
Message Advisory
GIA1 CONFIG – GIA1 config error.
Config service req’d.
GIA2 CONFIG – GIA2 config error.
Config service req’d.
GIA1 CONFIG – GIA1 audio config
error. Config service req’d.
GIA2 CONFIG – GIA2 audio config
error. Config service req’d.
GIA1 COOLING – GIA1 temperature
too low.
GIA2 COOLING – GIA2 temperature
too low.
GIA1 COOLING – GIA1 over
temperature.
GIA2 COOLING – GIA2 over
temperature.
GIA1 SERVICE – GIA1 needs service.
Return the unit for repair.
GIA2 SERVICE – GIA2 needs service.
Return the unit for repair.
HW MISMATCH – GIA hardware
mismatch. GIA1 communication
halted.
HW MISMATCH – GIA hardware
mismatch. GIA2 communication
halted.
MANIFEST – GIA1 software
mismatch, communication halted.
MANIFEST – GIA2 software
mismatch, communication halted.
190-00592-03 Rev. A
Comments
The GIA1 and/or GIA2 configuration settings do not match backup configuration
memory. The G1000 system should be serviced.
The GIA1 and/or GIA2 have an error in the audio configuration. The G1000 system
should be serviced.
The GIA1 and/or GIA2 temperature is too low to operate correctly. Allow units to
warm up to operating temperature.
The GIA1 and/or GIA2 temperature is too high. If problem persists, the G1000 system
should be serviced.
The GIA1 and/or GIA2 self-test has detected a problem in the unit. The G1000 system
should be serviced.
A GIA mismatch has been detected, where only one is WAAS capable.
The GIA1 and/or GIA 2 has incorrect software installed. The G1000 system should be
serviced.
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
A-11
APPENDIX A
GIA 63W (CONT.)
Message Advisory
COM1 TEMP – COM1 over temp.
Reducing transmitter power.
COM2 TEMP – COM2 over temp.
Reducing transmitter power.
COM1 SERVICE – COM1 needs
service. Return unit for repair.
COM2 SERVICE – COM2 needs
service. Return unit for repair.
COM1 PTT – COM1 push-to-talk key
is stuck.
COM2 PTT – COM2 push-to-talk key
is stuck.
COM1 RMT XFR – COM1 remote
transfer key is stuck.
COM2 RMT XFR – COM2 remote
transfer key is stuck.
LOI – GPS integrity lost. Crosscheck
with other NAVS.
GPS NAV LOST – Loss of GPS
navigation. Insufficient satellites.
GPS NAV LOST – Loss of GPS
navigation. Position error.
GPS NAV LOST – Loss of GPS
navigation. GPS fail.
ABORT APR – Loss of GPS navigation.
Abort approach.
APR DWNGRADE – Approach
downgraded.
TRUE APR – True north approach.
Change HDG reference to TRUE.
GPS1 SERVICE – GPS1 needs service.
Return unit for repair.
GPS2 SERVICE – GPS2 needs service.
Return unit for repair.
NAV1 SERVICE – NAV1 needs service.
Return unit for repair.
NAV2 SERVICE – NAV2 needs service.
Return unit for repair.
A-12
Comments
The system has detected an over temperature condition in COM1 and/or COM2. The
transmitter operates at reduced power. If the problem persists, the G1000 system
should be serviced.
The system has detected a failure in COM1 and/or COM2. COM1 and/or COM2 may
still be usable. The G1000 system should be serviced when possible.
The COM1 and/or COM2 external push-to-talk switch is stuck in the enable (or
“pressed”) position. Press the PTT switch again to cycle its operation.
If the problem persists, the G1000 system should be serviced.
The COM1 and/or COM2 transfer switch is stuck in the enabled (or “pressed”)
position. Press the transfer switch again to cycle its operation. If the problem
persists, the G1000 system should be serviced.
GPS integrity is insufficient for the current phase of flight.
Loss of GPS navigation due to insufficient satellites.
Loss of GPS navigation due to position error.
Loss of GPS navigation due to GPS failure.
Abort approach due to loss of GPS navigation.
Use LNAV minima when approach is downgraded.
Displayed after passing the first waypoint of a true north approach when the nav
angle is set to ‘MAGNETIC’.
A failure has been detected in the GPS1 and/or GPS2 receiver. The receiver may still
be available. The G1000 system should be serviced.
A failure has been detected in the NAV1 and/or NAV2 receiver. The receiver may still
be available. The G1000 system should be serviced.
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
190-00592-03 Rev. A
APPENDIX A
GIA 63W (CONT.)
Message Advisory
NAV1 RMT XFR – NAV1 remote
transfer key is stuck.
NAV2 RMT XFR – NAV2 remote
transfer key is stuck.
G/S1 FAIL – G/S1 is inoperative.
G/S2 FAIL – G/S2 is inoperative.
G/S1 SERVICE – G/S1 needs service.
Return unit for repair.
G/S2 SERVICE – G/S2 needs service.
Return unit for repair.
Comments
The remote NAV1 and/or NAV2 transfer switch is stuck in the enabled (or “pressed”)
state. Press the transfer switch again to cycle its operation. If the problem persists,
the G1000 system should be serviced.
A failure has been detected in glideslope receiver 1 and/or receiver 2. The G1000
system should be serviced.
A failure has been detected in glideslope receiver 1 and/or receiver 2. The receiver
may still be available. The G1000 system should be serviced when possible.
GDC 74A AIR DATA COMPUTER
Message Advisory
MANIFEST – GDC1 software
mismatch, communication halted.
Comments
The GDC 74A has incorrect software installed. The G1000 system should be serviced.
GEA 71 ENGINE/AIRFRAME UNIT
Message Advisory
GEA1 CONFIG – GEA1 config error.
Config service req’d.
MANIFEST – GEA1 software
mismatch, communication halted.
Comments
The GEA1 configuration settings do not match those of backup configuration memory.
The G1000 system should be serviced.
The #1 GEA 71 has incorrect software installed. The G1000 system should be
serviced.
GTX 33 TRANSPONDER
Message Advisory
XPDR1 CONFIG – XPDR1 config error.
Config service req’d.
MANIFEST – GTX1 software
mismatch, communication halted.
XPDR1 SRVC – XPDR1 needs service.
Return unit for repair.
XPDR1 FAIL – XPDR1 is inoperative.
190-00592-03 Rev. A
Comments
The transponder configuration settings do not match those of backup configuration
memory. The G1000 system should be serviced.
The transponder has incorrect software installed. The G1000 system should be
serviced.
The #1 transponder should be serviced when possible.
There is no communication with the #1 transponder.
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
A-13
APPENDIX A
GMU 44 MAGNETOMETER
Message Advisory
HDG FAULT – AHRS1 magnetometer
fault has occurred.
MANIFEST – GMU1 software
mismatch, communication halted.
Comments
A fault has occurred in the #1 GMU 44. Heading is flagged as invalid. The AHRS uses
GPS for backup mode operation. The G1000 system should be serviced.
The GMU 44 has incorrect software installed. The G1000 system should be serviced.
GRS 77 ATTITUDE AND HEADING REFERENCE SYSTEM
Message Advisory
AHRS1 TAS – AHRS1 not receiving
airspeed.
Comments
The #1 AHRS is not receiving true airspeed from the air data computer. The AHRS
relies on GPS information to augment the lack of airspeed. The G1000 system should
be serviced.
AHRS1 GPS – AHRS1 using backup
The #1 AHRS is using the backup GPS path. Primary GPS path has failed. The G1000
GPS source.
system should be serviced when possible.
AHRS1 GPS – AHRS1 not receiving
The #1 AHRS is not receiving any or any useful GPS information. Check AFMS
any GPS information.
limitations. The G1000 system should be serviced.
AHRS1 GPS – AHRS1 not receiving
The #1 AHRS is not receiving backup GPS information. The G1000 system should be
backup GPS information.
serviced.
AHRS1 GPS – AHRS1 operating
The #1 AHRS is operating exclusively in no-GPS mode. The G1000 system should be
serviced.
exclusively in no-GPS mode.
AHRS1 SRVC – AHRS1 Magnetic-field The #1 AHRS earth magnetic field model is out of date. Update magnetic field model
model needs update.
when practical.
GEO LIMITS – AHRS1 too far North/ The aircraft is outside geographical limits for approved AHRS operation. Heading is
South, no magnetic compass.
flagged as invalid.
MANIFEST – GRS1 software
The #1 AHRS has incorrect software installed. The G1000 system should be serviced.
mismatch, communication halted.
GDL 69/69A SATELLITE DATALINK RECEIVER
Message Advisory
GDL69 CONFIG – GDL 69 config
error. Config service req’d.
GDL69 FAIL – GDL 69 has failed.
Comments
GDL 69 configuration settings do not match those of backup configuration memory.
The G1000 system should be serviced.
A failure has been detected in the GDL 69. The receiver is unavailable. The G1000
system should be serviced.
MANIFEST – GDL software mismatch,
The GDL 69 has incorrect software installed. The G1000 system should be serviced.
communication halted.
A-14
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
190-00592-03 Rev. A
APPENDIX A
MISCELLANEOUS
Message Advisory
Comments
FPL WPT LOCK – Flight plan waypoint Upon power-up, the G1000 system detects that a stored flight plan waypoint is
is locked.
locked. This occurs when an aviation database update eliminates an obsolete
waypoint. The flight plan cannot find the specified waypoint and flags this message.
This can also occur with user waypoints in a flight plan that is deleted.
Remove the waypoint from the flight plan if it no longer exists in any database,
OR
update the waypoint name/identifier to reflect the new information.
FPL WPT MOVE – Flight plan
The system has detected that a waypoint coordinate has changed due to a new
waypoint moved.
aviation database update. Verify that stored flight plans contain correct waypoint
locations.
TIMER EXPIRD – Timer has expired.
The system notifies the pilot that the timer has expired.
DB CHANGE – Database changed.
This occurs when a stored flight plan contains procedures that have been manually
Verify user modified procedures.
edited. This alert is issued only after an aviation database update. Verify that the
user-modified procedures in stored flight plans are correct and up to date.
DB CHANGE – Database changed.
This occurs when a stored flight plan contains an airway that is no longer consistent
Verify stored airways.
with the aviation database. This alert is issued only after an aviation database update.
Verify use of airways in stored flight plans and reload airways as needed.
FPL TRUNC – Flight plan has been
This occurs when a newly installed aviation database eliminates an obsolete approach
truncated.
or arrival used by a stored flight plan. The obsolete procedure is removed from the
flight plan. Update flight plan with current arrival or approach.
LOCKED FPL – Cannot navigate
This occurs when the pilot attempts to activate a stored flight plan that contains
locked flight plan.
locked waypoint. Remove locked waypoint from flight plan. Update flight plan with
current waypoint.
WPT ARRIVAL – Arriving at waypoint
Arriving at waypoint [xxxx], where [xxxx] is the waypoint name.
-[xxxx]
STEEP TURN – Steep turn ahead.
A steep turn is 15 seconds ahead. Prepare to turn.
INSIDE ARSPC – Inside airspace.
The aircraft is inside the airspace.
ARSPC AHEAD – Airspace ahead less Special use airspace is ahead of aircraft. The aircraft will penetrate the airspace within
than 10 minutes.
10 minutes.
ARSPC NEAR – Airspace near and
Special use airspace is near and ahead of the aircraft position.
ahead.
ARSPC NEAR – Airspace near – less
Special use airspace is within 2 nm of the aircraft position.
than 2 nm.
LEG UNSMOOTH – Flight plan leg will The approaching flight plan waypoints are too close to allow for smooth turns.
not be smooth.
Prepare for steep turns ahead and expect noticeable course deviations.
APR INACTV – Approach is not active. The system notifies the pilot that the loaded approach is not active. Activate
approach when required.
SLCT FREQ – Select appropriate
The system notifies the pilot to load the approach frequency for the appropriate NAV
frequency for approach.
receiver. Select the correct frequency for the approach.
190-00592-03 Rev. A
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
A-15
APPENDIX A
MISCELLANEOUS (CONT.)
Message Advisory
SLCT NAV – Select NAV on CDI for
approach.
PTK FAIL – Parallel track unavailable:
bad geometry.
PTK FAIL – Parallel track unavailable:
invalid leg type.
PTK FAIL – Parallel track unavailable:
past IAF.
UNABLE V WPT – Can’t reach current
vertical waypoint.
VNV – Unavailable. Unsupported leg
type in flight plan.
VNV – Unavailable. Excessive
crosstrack error.
VNV – Unavailable. Excessive track
angle error.
VNV – Unavailable. Parallel course
selected.
NO WGS84 WPT – Non WGS 84
waypoint for navigation -[xxxx]
TRAFFIC FAIL – Traffic device has
failed.
STRMSCP FAIL – Stormscope has
failed.
FAILED PATH – A data path has
failed.
MAG VAR WARN – Large magnetic
variance. Verify all course angles.
SCHEDULER [#] – <message>.
A-16
Comments
The system notifies the pilot to set the CDI to the correct NAV receiver. Set the CDI to
the correct NAV receiver.
Bad parallel track geometry.
Invalid leg type for parallel offset.
IAF waypoint for parallel offset has been passed.
The current vertical waypoint can not be reached within the maximum flight path
angle and vertical speed constraints. The system automatically transitions to the next
vertical waypoint.
The lateral flight plan contains a procedure turn, vector, or other unsupported leg
type prior to the active vertical waypoint. This prevents vertical guidance to the active
vertical waypoint.
The current crosstrack exceeds the limit, causing vertical deviation to go invalid.
The current track angle error exceeds the limit, causing the vertical deviation to go
invalid.
A parallel course has been selected, causing the vertical deviation to go invalid.
The selected waypoint [xxxx] does not use the WGS 84 datum. Cross-check position
with alternate navigation sources.
The G1000 is no longer receiving data from the traffic system. The traffic device
should be serviced.
Stormscope has failed. The G1000 System should be serviced.
A data path connected to the GDU or the GIA 63/63W has failed.
The GDU’s internal model cannot determine the exact magnetic variance for
geographic locations near the magnetic poles. Displayed magnetic course angles may
differ from the actual magnetic heading by more than 2°.
Message criteria entered by the user.
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
190-00592-03 Rev. A
APPENDIX A
AFCS STATUS ANNUNCIATIONS
The following annunciations (listed in order of increasing priority) can appear on the PFD above the
Airspeed and Attitude indicators. Only one annunciation may occur at a time, and messages are prioritized by
criticality.
AFCS Status
Annunciation
Figure A-5 AFCS Status Annunciation
Alert Condition
Aileron Mistrim Right
Aileron Mistrim Left
Elevator Mistrim Down
Elevator Mistrim Up
Pitch Trim Failure
(or stuck AP TRIM Switch)
Annunciation
Description
Roll servo providing sustained force in the indicated direction
Pitch servo providing sustained force in the indicated direction
If AP engaged, take control of the aircraft and disengage AP
If AP disengaged, move AP TRIM switches separately to unstick
Roll Failure
Roll axis control failure; AP inoperative
Pitch Failure
Pitch axis control failure; AP inoperative
System Failure
Preflight Test
AP and MET are unavailable; FD may still be available
Performing preflight system test; aural alert sounds at completion
Do not press the AP DISC Switch during servo power-up and preflight system
tests as this may cause the preflight system test to fail or never to start (if
servos fail their power-up tests). Power must be cycled to the servos to remedy
the situation.
Preflight system test failed; aural alert sounds at failure
190-00592-03 Rev. A
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
A-17
APPENDIX A
TERRAIN AWARENESS AND WARNING SYSTEM (TAWS) ALERTS
Annunciations appear on the PFD and MFD. Pop-up alerts appear only on the MFD. For more information
on TAWS, refer to the Hazard Avoidance Section.
Alert Type
Annunciation
(PFD/MFD
TAWS Page)
Aural Message
Excessive Descent
Rate Warning (EDR)
“Pull Up”
Reduced Required
Terrain Clearance
Warning (RTC)
or
“Terrain, Terrain; Pull Up, Pull Up”
or
“Terrain Ahead, Pull Up; Terrain Ahead, Pull Up”
or
Terrain Ahead, Pull Up; Terrain Ahead, Pull Up”
or
“Terrain, Terrain; Pull Up, Pull Up”
or
“Obstacle, Obstacle; Pull Up, Pull Up”
or
“Obstacle Ahead, Pull Up; Obstacle Ahead, Pull Up”
or
“Obstacle Ahead, Pull Up; Obstacle Ahead, Pull Up”
or
“Obstacle, Obstacle; Pull Up, Pull Up”
or
“Caution, Terrain; Caution, Terrain”
or
“Terrain Ahead; Terrain Ahead”
or
“Terrain Ahead; Terrain Ahead”
or
“Caution, Terrain; Caution, Terrain”
or
“Caution, Obstacle; Caution, Obstacle”
or
“Obstacle Ahead; Obstacle Ahead”
or
“Obstacle Ahead; Obstacle Ahead”
or
“Caution, Obstacle; Caution, Obstacle”
Imminent Terrain
Impact Warning (ITI)
Reduced Required
Obstacle Clearance
Warning (ROC)
Imminent Obstacle
Impact Warning (IOI)
Reduced Required
Terrain Clearance
Caution (RTC)
Imminent Terrain
Impact Caution (ITI)
Reduced Required
Obstacle Clearance
Caution (ROC)
Imminent Obstacle
Impact Caution (IOI)
Premature Descent
Alert Caution (PDA)
Altitude Callout “500”
Excessive Descent
Rate Caution (EDR)
Negative Climb Rate
Caution (NCR)
A-18
Pop-Up Alert
(MFD Navigation Map
Page)
“Too Low, Terrain”
None
None
“Five-Hundred”
“Sink Rate”
or
“Don’t Sink”
or
“Too Low, Terrain”
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
190-00592-03 Rev. A
APPENDIX A
TAWS SYSTEM STATUS ANNUNCIATIONS
Annunciation
(PFD/MFD
TAWS Page)
Pop-Up Alert
(MFD Navigation Map
Page)
Aural Message
TAWS System Test Fail
None
“TAWS System Failure”
TAWS Alerting is
disabled
None
None
None
“TAWS Not Available”
(“TAWS Available” will be heard when sufficient
GPS signal is re-established)
None
None
None
“TAWS System Test OK”
Alert Type
No GPS position or
excessively degraded
GPS signal
System Test in
progress
System Test pass
None
Annunciation
PFD
MFD
Figure A-6 TAWS Annunciation Locations
Pop-up Alert
MFD
Figure A-7 TAWS Pop-up Alert
190-00592-03 Rev. A
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
A-19
APPENDIX A
GDL 69/69A DATA LINK RECEIVER TROUBLESHOOTING
Some quick troubleshooting steps can be performed to find the possible cause of a failure:
• Ensure the owner/operator of the aircraft in which the Data Link Receiver is installed has subscribed to XM
• Ensure the XM subscription has been activated
• Perform a quick check of the circuit breakers to ensure that power is applied to the Data Link Receiver
For troubleshooting purposes, check the LRU Information Box on the AUX - System Status Page for Data Link
Receiver (GDL 69/69A) status, serial number, and software version number (Figure A-2).
If a failure still exists, the following messages may provide insight as to the possible problem:
Message
CHECK ANTENNA
UPDATING
NO SIGNAL
LOADING
OFF AIR
---
Message Location
XM Radio Page - active channel field
XM Radio Page - active channel field
XM Radio Page - active channel field
Weather Datalink Page - center of page
XM Radio Page - active channel field
XM Radio Page - active channel field
XM Radio Page - active channel field
Description
Data Link Receiver antenna error; service required
Data Link Receiver updating encryption code
Loss of signal; signal strength too low for receiver
Acquiring channel audio or information
Channel not in service
Missing channel information
No communication from Data Link Receiver
WEATHER DATA LINK FAILURE Weather Datalink Page - center of page
within last 5 minutes
ACTIVATION REQUIRED
Weather Datalink Page - center of page XM subscription is not activated
A-20
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
190-00592-03 Rev. A
APPENDIX B
SD CARD USE AND DATABASES
The G1000 System uses Secure Digital (SD) cards to load and store various types of data. For basic flight
operations, SD cards are required for database storage as well as Jeppesen aviation and ChartView database
updates.
JEPPESEN DATABASES
The Jeppesen aviation database is updated on a 28-day cycle. The optional ChartView database is updated
on a 14-day cycle. If the ChartView database is not updated within 70 days of the expiration date, ChartView
no longer functions.
Both these databases are provided directly from Jeppesen. The ChartView database should be copied to the
Garmin-supplied Supplemental Data Card which resides in the bottom card slot on the MFD. The aviation
database may be installed from the Jeppesen-supplied SD data card or copied to one of the Garmin-supplied
Supplemental Data Cards. Contact Jeppesen (www.jeppesen.com) for subscription and update information.
The aviation database may be programmed to only one of the Supplemental Data Cards. This card must then
be used to update the PFD and the MFD. After the aviation database is installed, the card may be removed after
loading the update to each LRU.
Updating the Jeppesen aviation database:
1) With the G1000 System OFF, insert the SD card containing the aviation database update into the top card slot
of the PFD to be updated (label of SD card should face left).
2) Turn the G1000 System ON. A prompt similar to the following is displayed in the upper left corner of the PFD:
Figure B-1 Database Update Prompt
3) Press the ENT Key to start the database update. A prompt similar to the following is displayed:
Figure B-2 Database Update Confirmation
190-00592-03 Rev. A
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
B-1
APPENDIX B
4) After the update completes, the PFD continues to power-up normally.
5) Turn the G1000 System OFF and remove the SD card.
6) Repeat steps 1 through 4 for the MFD. The MFD and PFD databases are now updated. Remove the SD card
when finished.
7) Verify the correct update cycle is loaded during MFD power-up.
GARMIN DATABASES
NOTE: The data contained in the terrain and obstacle databases comes from government agencies. Garmin
accurately processes and cross-validates the data, but cannot guarantee the accuracy and completeness of
the data.
The following G1000 databases are stored on Supplemental Data Cards provided by Garmin:
• Expanded basemap –The basemap database contains data for the topography and land features, such as
rivers, lakes, and towns. It is updated only periodically, with no set schedule. There is no expiration date.
• Terrain – The terrain database contains terrain mapping data. It is updated periodically and has no expiration
date.
• Airport terrain – The airport terrain database contains airport diagram data. It is updated periodically and
has no expiration date.
• Obstacle – The obstacle database contains data for obstacles, such as towers, that pose a potential hazard to
aircraft. Obstacles 200 feet and higher are included in the obstacle database. It is very important to note that
not all obstacles are necessarily charted and therefore may not be contained in the obstacle database. This
database is updated on a 56-day cycle.
• SafeTaxi – The SafeTaxi database contains detailed airport diagrams for selected airports. These diagrams aid
in following ground control instructions by accurately displaying the aircraft position on the map in relation
to taxiways, ramps, runways, terminals, and services. This database is updated on a 56-day cycle.
• FliteCharts – The FliteCharts database contains procedure charts for the United States only. This database
is updated on a 28-day cycle. If not updated within 180 days of the expiration date, FliteCharts no longer
functions.
Since these databases are not stored internally in the PFD or MFD, a Supplemental Data Card containing
identical database versions must be kept in each display unit. After subscribing to the desired databases
product, these database products will be downloaded to two Supplemental Data Cards (with the exception of
FliteCharts, which is loaded on only one card). Insert each Supplemental Data Card into the correct location
shown in Figure B-3. If one of the Supplemental Data Cards contains the ChartView database, or the FliteCharts
database, this card must be inserted into the bottom card slot on the MFD. These cards must not be removed
except to update the databases stored on each card.
B-2
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
190-00592-03 Rev. A
APPENDIX B
PFD
MFD
Figure B-3 Correct Database Locations
The Garmin database updates can be obtained by following the instructions detailed in the ‘Aviation Databases’
section of the Garmin website (www.garmin.com). Once the updated files have been downloaded from the
website, a PC equipped with an appropriate SD card reader is used to unpack and program the new databases
onto the existing Supplemental Data Cards. The following equipment is required to perform the update:
• Windows-compatible PC computer (Windows 2000 or XP recommended)
• SanDisk SD Card Reader, P/Ns SDDR-93 or SDDR-99 or equivalent card reader
• Updated database obtained from the Garmin website
• Existing 010-00330-42 Supplemental Database SD Cards from both PFD and MFD
In some cases it may be necessary to obtain an unlock code from Garmin in order to make the database
product functional. It may also be necessary to have the system configured by a Garmin authorized service
facility in order to use some database features.
Updating Garmin databases:
1) Copy the data to the appropriate data cards.
2) Insert one SD card in the bottom card slot of the MFD and one in the bottom card slot of each PFD. The SD card
containing the ChartView or FliteCharts database must be inserted into the bottom slot on the MFD.
190-00592-03 Rev. A
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
B-3
APPENDIX B
3) Apply power to the G1000 System. View the MFD power-up splash screen. Check that the databases are
initialized and displayed on the splash screen. When updating the terrain and FliteCharts databases, an ‘in
progress’ message may be seen. If this message is present, wait for the system to finish loading before verifying
the correct databases are initialized, then proceed to step 3.
Figure B-4 Database Information on the Splash Screen
4) Acknowledge the Power-up Page agreement by pressing the ENT Key or the right most softkey.
5) Use the FMS Knob to select the AUX - System Setup Page.
6) Select the DBASE Softkey to place the cursor in the ‘DATABASE’ box.
7) Turn the FMS Knob to scroll through the list and check that all databases are current and there are no errors.
8) Power down the G1000.
B-4
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
190-00592-03 Rev. A
APPENDIX C
GLOSSARY
ACC
ACT, ACTV
ADC
ADF
ADI
AF
AFCS
AFM
AFMS
AFRM
AGL
AHRS
AIM
AIRMET
ALRT
ALT
ALT, ALTN
AMPS
ANNUNC
ANT
AP
AP DISC
APR
APT
ARINC
ARSPC
ARTCC
ARV
AS
ASB
ASOS
ATC
ATCRBS
ATIS
ATK
AUTOSEQ
AUX
AWOS
B ALT
BARO
BATT
BC
190-00592-03 Rev. A
accuracy
active, activate
air data computer
Automatic Direction Finder
Attitude Direction Indicator
Arc to fix
Automatic Flight Control System
Airplane Flight Manual
Airplane Flight Manual Supplement
airframe
Above Ground Level
Attitude and Heading Reference
System
Airman’s Information Manual
Airman’s Meteorological Information
alert
altitude
alternator
amperes
annunciation
antenna
autopilot
autopilot disconnect
approach
airport, aerodrome
Aeronautical Radio Incorporated
airspace
Air Route Traffic Control Center
arrival
airspeed
Aviation Support Branch
Automated Surface Observing
System
Air Traffic Control
ATC Radar Beacon System
Automatic Terminal Information
Service
along-track
automatic sequence
auxiliary
Automated Weather Observing
System
barometric altitude
barometric setting
battery
backcourse
Bearing
BFO
BKSP
BRG
C
ºC
CA
CALC
Calibrated Airspeed
CD
CDI
CDU
CF
CHT
CHKLIST
CHNL
CI
CLD
CLR
cm
CNS
CO
COM
CONFIG
COOL
COPLT
Course
Course to Steer
CR
CRG
CRNT
Crosstrack Error
CRS
CRS
CRSR
CTA
CTRL
The compass direction from the
present position to a destination
waypoint
beat frequency oscillator
backspace
bearing
center runway
degrees Celsius
Course to Altitude
calculator
Indicated airspeed corrected for
installation and instrument errors.
Course to DME distance
Course Deviation Indicator
Control Display Unit
Course to Fix
Cylinder Head Temperature
checklist
channel
Course to Intercept
cloud
clear
centimeter
Communication, Navigation, &
Surveillance
carbon monoxide
communication radio
configuration
coolant
co-pilot
The line between two points to be
followed by the aircraft
The recommended direction to steer
in order to reduce course error or
stay on course. Provides the most
efficient heading to get back to the
desired course and proceed along
the flight plan
Course to Radial
Cockpit Reference Guide
current
The distance the aircraft is off a
desired course in either direction, left
or right
course
Course to Steer
cursor
Control Area
control
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
C-1
APPENDIX C
Cumulative
CVR
CVRG
CWS
CYL
The total of all legs in a flight plan.
Cockpit Voice Recorder
coverage
control wheel steering
cylinder
D ALT
DB, DBASE
dBZ
DCLTR, DECLTR
DEC FUEL
deg
DEIC, DEICE
DEP
Desired Track
density altitude
database
decibels ‘Z’ (radar return)
declutter
decrease fuel
degree
de-icing
departure
The desired course between the
active “from” and “to” waypoints
DEST
destination
DF
Direct to Fix
DFLT
default
DGRD
degrade
DH
decision height
Dilution of Precision A measure of GPS satellite geometry
quality on a scale of one to ten (lower
numbers equal better geometry,
where higher numbers equal poorer
geometry)
DIR
direction
DIS
distance
Distance
The ‘great circle’ distance from the
present position to a destination
waypoint
DME
Distance Measuring Equipment
DOP
Dilution of Precision
DP
Departure Procedure
DPRT
departure
DR
dead reckoning
DSBL
disabled
DTK
Desired Track
E
ECU
Efficiency
EGT
EIS
ELEV
ELEV
EMERGCY
EMI
ENDUR
C-2
empty, east
Engine Control Unit
A measure of fuel consumption,
expressed in distance per unit of fuel
Exhaust Gas Temperature
Engine Indication System
elevation
elevator
emergency
Electromagnetic Interference
endurance
Endurance
Flight endurance, or total possible
flight time based on available fuel on
board
ENG
engine
ENGD
engaged
ENR
enroute
Enroute Safe Altitude The recommended minimum altitude
within ten miles left or right of the
desired course on an active flight
plan or direct-to
ENT
enter
EPE
Estimated Position Error
EPU
Estimated Position Uncertainty
ERR
error
ESA
Enroute Safe Altitude
Estimated Position Error A measure of horizontal GPS
position error derived by satellite
geometry conditions and other
factors
Estimated Time of Arrival The estimated time at which the
aircraft should reach the destination
waypoint, based upon current speed
and track
Estimated Time Enroute The estimated time it takes to
reach the destination waypoint from
the present position, based upon
current ground speed
ETA
Estimated Time of Arrival
ETE
Estimated Time Enroute
EXPIRD
expired
ºF
FA
FAA
FADEC
FAF
FAIL
FC
FCC
FCST
FD
FD
FDE
FFLOW
FIS-B
FISDL
FL
FLC
FM
degrees Fahrenheit
Course From Fix to Altitude
Federal Aviation Administration
Full Authority Digital Engine Control
Final Approach Fix
failure
Course From Fix to Distance
Federal Communication Commission
forecast
Course From Fix to DME Distance
flight director
Fault Detection and Exclusion
fuel flow
Flight Information ServicesBroadcast
Flight Information Service Data Link
flight level
Flight Level Change
Course From Fix to Manual
Termination
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
190-00592-03 Rev. A
APPENDIX C
FMS
FOB
FPL
fpm
FREQ
FRZ
FSS
ft
Fuel Flow
Fuel On Board
G/S, GS
GA
gal, gl
GBOX
GDC
GDL
GDU
GEA
GEO
GFC
GIA
GLS
Flight Management System
Fuel On Board
flight plan
feet per minute
frequency
freezing
Flight Service Station
foot/feet
The fuel flow rate, expressed in units
of fuel per hour
The total amount of usable fuel on
board the aircraft
Ground Track
GRS
GS
GTX
glideslope
go-around
gallon(s)
gearbox
Garmin Air Data Computer
Garmin Satellite Data Link
Garmin Display Unit
Garmin Engine/Airframe Unit
geographic
Garmin Flight Control
Garmin Integrated Avionics Unit
Global Navigation Satellite Landing
System
Garmin Audio Panel System
Greenwich Mean Time
Garmin Magnetometer Unit
ground
gallons per hour
Global Positioning System
Grid Minimum Off-Route Altitude;
one degree latitude by one degree
longitude in size and clears the
highest elevation reference point in
the grid by 1000 feet for all areas of
the grid
The velocity that the aircraft is
travelling relative to a ground
position
see Track
Garmin Reference System
Ground speed
Garmin Transponder
HA
HDG
Hold Terminating at Altitude
heading
GMA
GMT
GMU
GND
gph
GPS
Grid MORA
Groundspeed
Heading
The direction an aircraft is pointed,
based upon indications from a
magnetic compass or a properly set
directional gyro
HF
Hold Terminating at Fix
HFOM
Horizontal Figure of Merit
Hg
mercury
HI
high
HI SENS
High Sensitivity
HM
Hold with Manual Termination
Horizontal Figure of Merit A measure of the uncertainty in
the aircraft’s horizontal position
hPa
hectopascal
HPL
Horizontal Protection Level
hr
hour
HSDB
High-Speed Data Bus
HSI
Horizontal Situation Indicator
HT
heat
HUL
Horizontal Uncertainty Level
Hz
Hertz
I
Inner Marker
IAF
Initial Approach Fix
IAT
Indicated Air Temperature
IAU
Integrated Avionics Unit
ICAO
International Civil Aviation
Organization
ICS
Intercom System
ID
Identification/Morse Code Identifier
IDENT, IDNT
identification
IF
Initial Fix
IFR
Instrument Flight Rules
IG
Imperial gallon
ILS
Instrument Landing System
IMC
Instrument
Meteorological
Conditions
in
inch
INACTV
inactive
INC FUEL
increase fuel
IND
indicated
Indicated
Information provided by properly
calibrated and set instrumentation
on the aircraft panel
INFO
information
in HG
inches of mercury
INT
intersection(s)
INTEG
integrity (RAIM unavailable)
IrDA, IRDA
Infrared Data Association
KEYSTK
kg
190-00592-03 Rev. A
key stuck
kilogram
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
C-3
APPENDIX C
kHz
km
kt
kilohertz
kilometer
knot
L
left, left runway
LAT
latitude
LBL
label
lb
pound
LCD
Liquid Crystal Display
LCL
local
LED
Light Emitting Diode
Left Over Fuel On Board The amount of fuel remaining
on board after the completion of
one or more legs of a flight plan or
direct-to
Left Over Fuel Reserve The amount of flight time remaining,
based on the amount of fuel on
board after the completion of one or
more legs of a flight plan or directto, and a known consumption rate
Leg
The portion of a flight plan between
two waypoints
LIFR
Low Instrument Flight Rules
LNAV
Lateral Navigation
LO
low
LOC
localizer
LOI
loss of integrity (GPS)
LON
longitude
LPV
Localizer Performance with Vertical
guidance
LRU
Line Replacement Unit
LT
left
LTNG
lightning
LVL
level
M
m
MAG
MAG VAR
MAHP
MAN IN
MAN SQ
MAP
MASQ
MAX
MAXSPD
MDA
MET
METAR
C-4
Middle Marker
meter
Magnetic
Magnetic Variation
Missed Approach Hold Point
manifold pressure (inches Hg)
Manual Squelch
Missed Approach Point
Master Avionics Squelch
maximum
maximum speed (overspeed)
barometric
minimum
descent
altitude
manual electric trim
Meteorological Aviation Routine
MEPT
manual electric pitch trim
MFD
Multi Function Display
MGRS
Military Grid Reference System
MHz
megahertz
MIC
microphone
MIN
minimum
Minimum Safe Altitude
Uses Grid MORAs to determine
a safe altitude within ten miles of
the aircraft present position
MKR
marker beacon
MOA
Military Operations Area
MOV
movement
mpm
meters per minute
MSA
Minimum Safe Altitude
MSG
message
MSL
Mean Sea Level
MT
meter
mV
millivolt(s)
MVFR
Marginal Visual Flight Rules
N
NAV
NAVAID
NDB
NEXRAD
nm
NPT
NRST
north
navigation
NAVigation AID
Non-directional Beacon
Next Generation Radar
nautical mile(s)
O
OAT
OBS
OFST
OXY
Outer Marker
Outside Air Temperature
Omni Bearing Selector
offset
oxygen
P ALT
PA
PA
PASS
PC
PFD
PI
PIT, PTCH
POSN
PPM
P. POS
PRES, PRESS
PROC
psi
PT
pressure altitude
Passenger Address
Proximity Advisory
passenger(s)
personal computer
Primary Flight Display
Procedure Turn to Course Intercept
pitch
position
parts per million
Present Position
pressure
procedure(s), procedure turn
pounds per square inch
Procedure Turn
nearest
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
190-00592-03 Rev. A
APPENDIX C
PTK
PTT
PWR
parallel track
Push-to-Talk
power
QTY
quantity
R
RAD
RAIM
right, right runway
radial
Receiver Autonomous Integrity
Monitoring
random access memory
reference
remaining (fuel remaining)
required
reserve (fuel reserve entered by
pilot)
reverse, revision, revise
Constant Radius Turn to Fix
Radio Magnetic Indicator
remote
range
runway
roll
read only memory
revolutions per minute
reset fuel
reserve (fuel reserve entered by
pilot)
right
reversionary
receive
RAM
REF
REM
REQ
RES
REV
RF
RMI
RMT
RNG
RNWY
ROL
ROM
rpm
RST FUEL
RSV
RT
RVRSNRY
RX
S
SA
SAT
SBAS
SCIT
SD
sec
SEL, SLCT
SFC
SIAP
SID
SIGMET
Sim
SLP/SKD
190-00592-03 Rev. A
south
Selective Availability
Static Air Temperature
Satellite-Based
Augmentation
System
Storm Cell Identification and
Tracking
Secure Digital
second(s)
select
surface
Standard Instrument Approach
Procedures
Standard Instrument Departure
Significant Meteorological
Information
simulator
slip/skid
SMBL
SPD
SPI
SPKR
SQ
SRVC, SVC
STAL
STAR
STATS
STBY
STD
STRMSCP
SUA
SUSP
SW
SYS
symbol
speed
Special Position Identification
speaker
squelch
service
stall
Standard Terminal Arrival Route
statistics
standby
standard
Stormscope
Special Use Airspace
suspend
software
system
T
TA
TACAN
TAF
TAS
TAS
TAT
TAWS
true
Traffic Advisory
Tactical Air Navigation System
Terminal Aerodrome Forecast
True Airspeed
Traffic Advisory System
Total Air Temperature
Terrain Awareness and Warning
System
Terminal Control Area
Traffic Collision Avoidance System
telephone
temperature
terminal
Track Between Two Fixes
Temporary Flight Restriction
True Heading
Traffic Information System
Turbine Inlet Temperature
Track Angle Error
Terminal Maneuvering Area
Timer/Reference
topographic
Direction of aircraft movement
relative to a ground position; also
‘Ground Track’
The angle difference between the
desired track and the current track
target
track
Terminal Radar Service Area
truncated
total
TCA
TCAS
TEL
TEMP
TERM
TF
TFR
T HDG
TIS
TIT
TKE
TMA
TMR/REF
Topo
Track
Track Angle Error
TRG
TRK
TRSA
TRUNC
TTL
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
C-5
APPENDIX C
TURN
TX
procedure turn
transmit
UNAVAIL
USR
UTC
UTM/UPS
unavailable
user
Coordinated Universal Time
Universal Transverse Mercator/
Universal Polar Stereographic Grid
V, Vspeed
velocity (airspeed)
VA
Heading Vector to Altitude
VAPP
VOR approach
VAR
variation
VD
Heading Vector to DME Distance
Vdc
volts, direct current
VERT
vertical
Vertical Figure of Merit
A measure of the uncertainty in
the aircraft’s vertical position
Vertical Speed Required The vertical speed necessary
to descend/climb from a current
position and altitude to a defined
target position and altitude, based
upon current groundspeed
VFOM
Vertical Figure of Merit
VFR
Visual Flight Rules
VHF
Very High Frequency
VI
Heading Vector to Intercept
VLOC
VOR/Localizer Receiver
VM
Heading Vector to Manual
Termination
C-6
VMC
VNAV, VNV
VOL
VOR
VORTAC
VPL
VPROF
VPTH
VR
VS
VSI
VSR
VTF
Visual Meteorological Conditions
vertical navigation
volume
VHF Omni-directional Range
very high frequency omnidirectional
range station and tactical air
navigation
Vertical Protection Level
VNV profile, vertical profile
VNV path, vertical path
Heading Vector to Radial
vertical speed
Vertical Speed Indicator
Vertical Speed Required
vector to final
W
WAAS
WARN
WGS-84
WPT
WW
WX
watt(s), west
Wide Area Augmentation System
warning (GPS position error)
World Geodetic System - 1984
waypoint(s)
world wide
weather
XFER, XFR
XPDR
XTALK
XTK
transfer
transponder
cross-talk
cross-track
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
190-00592-03 Rev. A
APPENDIX D
H
FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS
If a particular aspect of G1000 operational capability is not addressed by these commonly asked questions or in
the index, contact Garmin (see the copyright page or back cover for contact information) or a Garmin-authorized
dealer. Garmin is dedicated to supporting its products and customers.
WHAT IS WAAS?
The Wide Area Augmentation System (WAAS) uses a system of ground stations to correct any GPS signal
errors. These ground stations correct for errors caused by ionospheric disturbances, timing, and satellite
orbit errors. It also provides vital integrity information regarding the health of each GPS satellite. The signal
correction is then broadcast through one of two geostationary satellites. This correction information can then
be received by any WAAS-enabled GPS receiver.
WAAS is designed to provide the additional accuracy, availability, and integrity necessary to enable users to
rely on GPS for all phases of flight. WAAS is currently available in the United States, including Alaska and
Hawaii.
HOW DOES WAAS AFFECT APPROACH OPERATIONS?
Both LNAV/VNAV and LPV approaches use the accuracy of WAAS to include vertical (glide path) guidance
capability. The additional accuracy and vertical guidance capability allows improved instrument approaches to
an expanded number of airports throughout the U.S.
The implementation of LPV approaches further improves precision approach capabilities. LPV approaches
are designed to make full use of the improved GPS signal from the WAAS. This approach combines the LNAV/
VNAV vertical accuracy with lateral guidance similar to the typical Instrument Landing System (ILS). LPV
approaches allow lower approach minimums.
If WAAS is not available for the final approach course, the approach downgrades, as indicated by the “Approach
downgraded. Use LNAV minima.” message.
WHAT IS RAIM AND HOW DOES IT AFFECT APPROACH OPERATIONS?
When WAAS is unavailable, the GPS receivers use Receiver Autonomous Integrity Monitoring (RAIM) to
perform the following functions:
• Monitor and verify integrity and geometry of tracked GPS satellites
• Notify pilot when satellite conditions do not provide necessary coverage to support a certain phase of flight
• Predict satellite coverage of a destination area to determine whether the number of available satellites is
sufficient to satisfy requirements (refer to the System Overview Section for instructions on RAIM prediction)
• Detect and exclude bad satellites from the navigation solution (Fault Detection and Exclusion, FDE)
RAIM ensures that satellite geometry allows for a navigation solution calculation within a specified protection
limit (4.0 nm for oceanic, 2.0 nm for enroute, 1.0 nm for terminal, and 0.3 nm for non-precision approaches).
Without WAAS or RAIM, GPS position accuracy integrity cannot be monitored.
190-00592-03 Rev. A
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
D-1
APPENDIX D
H
WHY MIGHT THERE BE NO APPROACHES AVAILABLE FOR A FLIGHT PLAN?
Approaches are available for the final destination airport in a flight plan or as a direct-to (keep in mind
that some VOR/VORTAC identifiers are similar to airport identifiers). If a destination airport does not have a
published approach, the G1000 indicates “NONE” for the available procedures.
WHAT HAPPENS WHEN AN APPROACH IS SELECTED? CAN A FLIGHT PLAN WITH AN APPROACH, A DEPARTURE, OR AN
ARRIVAL BE STORED?
When an approach, departure, or arrival is loaded into the active flight plan, a set of approach, departure,
or arrival waypoints is inserted into the flight plan, along with a header line showing the title of the selected
instrument procedure. The original enroute portion of the flight plan remains active, unless the instrument
procedure is activated. This may be done either when the procedure is loaded or at a later time.
Flight plans can also be stored with an approach, a departure, or an arrival. Note that the active flight plan
is erased when the system is turned off. Also, the active flight plan is overwritten when another flight plan is
activated. When storing flight plans with an approach, a departure, or an arrival, the G1000 uses the waypoint
information from the current database to define the waypoints. If the database is changed or updated, the
G1000 System automatically updates the information, provided the procedure has not been modified. Should
an approach, departure, or arrival procedure no longer be available, the flight plan becomes locked until the
procedure is deleted from the flight plan.
CAN “SLANT GOLF” (“/G”) BE FILED USING THE G1000?
“/G” may be filed for a flight plan. The G1000 System meets the requirements of TSO-C129 Class A1 or A2
installation. GPS approaches are not to be flown with an expired database. See the approved Airplane Flight
Manual (AFM) as well as the Aeronautical Information Manual (AIM) for more information.
WHAT DOES THE OBS SOFTKEY DO?
The OBS Softkey is used to select manual sequencing of waypoints. Activating OBS mode sets the current
active-to waypoint as the primary navigation reference and prevents the system from sequencing to the next
waypoint in a flight plan. When OBS mode is cancelled, automatic waypoint sequencing is continued, and
the G1000 automatically activates the next waypoint in the flight plan once the aircraft has crossed the present
active waypoint.
D-2
Normal (OBS not activated)
• Automatic sequencing of waypoints
OBS
• Manual sequencing - ‘holds’ on selected
waypoint
• Manual course change on HSI not possible
• Manually select course to waypoint from
HSI
• Always navigates ‘TO’ the active waypoint
• Indicates ‘TO’ or ‘FROM’ waypoint
• Must be in this mode for final approach
course
• Cannot be set for final approach course or
published holding patterns
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
190-00592-03 Rev. A
APPENDIX D
H
When OBS mode is active, the G1000 allows the pilot to set a desired course to/from a waypoint using the
CRS/BARO Knob and HSI (much like a VOR).
The most common application for using the OBS Softkey is the missed approach. The G1000 suspends
automatic waypoint sequencing (indicated by a ‘SUSP’ annunciation placed on the HSI) when the missed
approach point (MAP) is crossed. This prevents the G1000 from automatically sequencing to the missed
approach holding point (MAHP). During this time, the OBS Softkey designation changes to SUSP. Selecting
the SUSP Softkey reactivates automatic waypoint sequencing. The OBS Softkey then resumes its normal
functionality.
WHY MIGHT THE G1000 NOT AUTOMATICALLY SEQUENCE TO THE NEXT WAYPOINT?
The G1000 only sequences flight plan waypoints when automatic sequencing is enabled (i.e., no ‘OBS’ or
‘SUSP’ annunciation on the HSI). For automatic sequencing to occur, the aircraft must also cross the bisector of
the turn being navigated. The bisector is a line passing through the waypoint common to two flight plan legs
at an equal angle from each leg.
HOW CAN A WAYPOINT BE SKIPPED IN AN APPROACH, A DEPARTURE, OR AN ARRIVAL?
The G1000 allows the pilot to manually select any approach, departure, or arrival leg as the active leg of
the flight plan. This procedure is performed on the MFD from the Active Flight Plan Page by highlighting the
desired waypoint and selecting the ACT LEG Softkey then the ENT Key to approve the selection. The GPS
then provides navigation along the selected flight plan leg.
WHEN DOES TURN ANTICIPATION BEGIN?
The G1000 smooths adjacent leg transitions based on a normal 15° bank angle (with the ability to roll up to
30°) and provides three pilot cues for turn anticipation:
• A waypoint alert (‘Next DTK ###° in # seconds’ or ‘Next HDG ###° in # seconds’) appears on the PFD 10
seconds before the turn point and flashes as it counts down to zero.
• A flashing turn advisory (‘Turn [right/left] to ###° in # seconds’) appears on the PFD 10 seconds before the
turn and flashes as it counts down to zero. ‘Turn [right/left] to ###° now’ or ‘Next [DTK/HDG] to ###° now’
is displayed when the pilot is to begin the turn and the HSI (GPS mode) automatically sequences to the next
DTK or HDG value.
• The To/From indicator on the HSI flips momentarily to indicate that the midpoint of the turn has been
crossed.
WHEN DOES THE CDI SCALE CHANGE?
Once a departure is activated, the G1000 Course Deviation Indicator (CDI) full scale deflection is set to 0.3
nm. The CDI scale changes to 1.0 nm (terminal mode) then ramps up to 2.0 nm (enroute mode) at 30 nm
from the departure airport. When 31 nm from the destination, the CDI scale smoothly transition from 2.0 nm
back to 1.0 nm (terminal mode). At 2.0 nm before the FAF during an active approach, the CDI scale transitions
down further based on the type of approach activated (LNAV, LNAV/VNAV, LPV). When a missed approach is
activated, the CDI is set to 0.3 nm. See the Flight Instruments Section for more details on CDI scaling.
190-00592-03 Rev. A
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
D-3
APPENDIX D
H
WHY DOES THE HSI NOT RESPOND LIKE A VOR WHEN OBS MODE IS ACTIVE?
Unlike a VOR, the CDI scale used on GPS equipment is based on the crosstrack distance to the desired
course, not on the angular relationship to the destination. Therefore, the CDI deflection on the GPS is constant
regardless of the distance to the destination and does not become less sensitive when further away from the
destination.
WHAT IS THE CORRECT MISSED APPROACH PROCEDURE? HOW IS THE MISSED APPROACH HOLDING POINT SELECTED?
To comply with TSO specifications, the G1000 does not automatically sequence past the MAP. The first
waypoint in the missed approach procedure becomes the active waypoint when the SUSP Softkey is selected
after crossing the MAP. All published missed approach procedures must be followed, as indicated on the
approach plate.
To execute the missed approach procedure prior to the MAP (not recommended), select the Active Flight Plan
Page and use the ACT LEG Softkey to activate the missed approach portion of the procedure.
AFTER A MISSED APPROACH, HOW CAN THE SAME APPROACH BE RE-SELECTED? HOW CAN A NEW APPROACH BE
ACTIVATED?
NOTE: Do not attempt to reactivate the current approach prior to crossing the missed approach point
(MAP). If an attempt to do so is made, an alert message “Are you sure you want to discontinue the current
approach?” appears. The G1000 directs the pilot back to the transition waypoint and does not take into
consideration any missed approach procedures, if the current approach is reactivated.
After flying the missed approach procedure, the pilot may reactivate the same approach for another attempt by
pressing the PROC Key. Once the clearance is given for another attempt, activate the approach by highlighting
‘ACTIVATE APPROACH’ using the large FMS Knob and pressing the ENT Key. The G1000 provides navigation
along the desired course to the waypoint and rejoins the approach in sequence from that point.
To activate a new approach for the same airport, select the new procedure by pressing the PROC Key. Choose
‘SELECT APPROACH’, select the desired approach from the list shown, and press the ENT Key. Select the
desired transition, then activate the approach using the ENT Key.
To activate a new approach to a different airport, press the Direct-to Key and select the desired airport using
the FMS Knobs. Press the ENT Key to accept the selected airport, then follow the steps in the preceding
paragraph to select an approach for the new airport.
D-4
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
190-00592-03 Rev. A
APPENDIX E
GENERAL TIS INFORMATION
NOTE: Aircraft without an operating transponder are invisible to TIS.
NOTE: TIS is not intended to be used as a collision avoidance system and does not relieve the pilot of the
responsibility to “see and avoid” other aircraft. TIS should not be used for avoidance maneuvers during
instrument meteorological conditions (IMC) or when there is no visual contact with the intruder aircraft.
The Traffic Information Service (TIS) provides traffic advisory information to non-TAS/TCAS-equipped aircraft.
TIS is a ground-based service providing the relative locations of all ATCRBS Mode-A and Mode-C transponder
equipped aircraft within a specified service volume. The TIS ground sensor uses real-time track reports to generate
traffic notification. The G1000 System displays TIS traffic information on the Traffic Map Page of the MFD. TIS
information may also be displayed for overlay on the MFD Navigation Map Page, as well as on the PFD Inset
Map. Surveillance data includes all transponder-equipped aircraft within the coverage volume. The G1000
System displays up to eight traffic targets within a 7.5-nm radius, from 3,000 feet below, to 3,500 feet above the
requesting aircraft.
The main difference between the Traffic Information System (TIS) and Traffic Advisory (TAS) or Traffic Collision
Avoidance Systems (TCAS) is the source of surveillance data. TAS/TCAS uses an airborne interrogator with a halfsecond update rate, while TIS utilizes the terminal Mode-S ground interrogator and accompanying data link to
provide a five-second update rate. TIS and TAS/TCAS have similar ranges.
TIS relies on surveillance of the Mode-S radar system, which is a “secondary surveillance” radar system similar
to that used by ATCRBS. Many limitations are inherent in secondary radar surveillance. Information provided by
TIS is neither better nor more accurate than the information used by ATC. TIS is intended only to assist in visual
acquisition of other aircraft in visual meteorological conditions (VMC). While TIS is a useful aid for visual traffic
avoidance, system limitations must be considered to ensure proper use. No recommended avoidance maneuvers
are given, nor authorized, as a direct result of a TIS intruder display or TIS advisory.
• TIS operation may be intermittent during turns or other maneuvering.
• TIS is dependent on two-way, line-of-sight communications between the aircraft and the Mode-S radar antenna.
Whenever the structure of the aircraft comes between the transponder antenna and the ground-based radar
antenna, the signal may be temporarily interrupted.
NOTE: Refer to the TIS Limitations section of the Aeronautical Information Manual (AIM) for a more
comprehensive explanation of limitations and anomalies associated with TIS.
NOTE: TIS is unavailable at low altitudes in many areas of the United States. This is often the case in
mountainous regions.
190-00592-03 Rev. A
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
F-1
APPENDIX E
WARNING: Garmin is not responsible for Mode S geographical coverage. Operation of the ground stations
is the responsibility of the FAA. Refer to the AIM for a Terminal Mode S radar site map.
TIS information is collected during a single radar sweep. Collected information is then sent through the Mode
S uplink on the next radar sweep. Because of this, the surveillance information is approximately five seconds old.
TIS ground station tracking software uses prediction algorithms to compensate for this delay. These algorithms
use track history data to calculate expected intruder positions consistent with the time of display. Occasionally,
aircraft maneuvering may cause variations in this calculation and create slight errors on the Traffic Map Page which
affect relative bearing information and the target track vector and may delay display of the intruder information.
However, intruder distance and altitude typically remain relatively accurate and may be used to assist in spotting
traffic. The following errors are common examples:
• When the client or intruder aircraft maneuvers excessively or abruptly, the tracking algorithm may report
incorrect horizontal position until the maneuvering aircraft stabilizes.
• When a rapidly closing intruder is on a course that intercepts the client aircraft course at a shallow angle
(either overtaking or head-on) and either aircraft abruptly changes course within 0.25 nm, TIS may display the
intruder aircraft on the incorrect side of the client aircraft.
These are rare occurrences and are typically resolved within a few radar sweeps once the client/intruder aircraft
course stabilizes.
Pilots using TIS can provide valuable assistance in the correction of malfunctions by reporting observations
of undesirable performance. Reports should identify the time of observation, location, type and identity of the
aircraft, and describe the condition observed. Reports should also include the type of transponder and transponder
software version. Since TIS performance is monitored by maintenance personnel, not ATC, malfunctions should
be reported in the following ways:
• By telephone to the nearest Flight Service Station (FSS) facility
• By FAA Form 8000-7, Safety Improvement Report (postage-paid card can be obtained at FAA FSSs, General
Aviation District Offices, Flight Standards District Offices, and General Aviation Fixed Base Operators)
F-2
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
190-00592-03 Rev. A
APPENDIX F
MAP SYMBOLS
AIRPORTS
BASEMAP
Item
Item
Symbol
Unknown Airport
Interstate Highway
Non-towered, Non-serviced Airport
State Highway
Symbol
US Highway
Towered, Non-serviced Airport
National Highway
Non-towered, Serviced Airport
City
Towered, Serviced Airport
State/Province Border
Restricted (Private) Airport
International Border
Heliport
Road
Railroad
NAVAIDS
Item
Symbol
Latitude/Longitude
Intersection
LOM (compass locator at outer marker)
AIRSPACE BOUNDARIES
VOR
Item
ICAO Control Area
Class B Airspace
VOR/DME
Mode C Tower Area
NDB (non-directional radio beacon)
VOR/ILS
VORTAC
TACAN
Symbol
Warning Area Prohibited Area
Alert Area
Restricted Area
Caution Area Training Area
Danger Area
Unknown Area
Class C
Terminal Radar Service Area
Mode C Area
Military Operations Area (MOA)
190-00592-03 Rev. A
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
G-1
APPENDIX F
HAZARD AVOIDANCE FEATURES
Feature
TRAFFIC
Symbol
Item
Terrain Proximity/TAWS display enabled
Non-threat Traffic
Traffic display enabled
Proximity Advisory
NEXRAD display enabled
Traffic Advisory, Out of Range
Cloud Top display enabled
Symbol
Traffic Advisory
Echo Top display enabled
MISCELLANEOUS
XM Lightning display enabled
Item
Cell Movement display enabled
SIGMETs/AIRMETs display enabled
METARs display enabled
Symbol
ARTCC Frequency or FSS Frequency
Map Pointer (when panning)
Elevation Pointer
(on Topography Scale when panning)
City Forecast display enabled
Surface Analysis display enabled
Freezing Levels display enabled
Measuring Pointer
Wind Vector
Winds Aloft display enabled
Overzoom Indicator
County Warnings display enabled
User Waypoint
Cyclone Warnings display enabled
Vertical Navigation Along Track Waypoint
Loss of hazard avoidance feature
(loss of GPS position)
Parallel Track Waypoint
Unanchored Flight Path Waypoint
Top of Descent (TOD)
Bottom of Descent (BOD)
Navigating using Dead Reckoning
G-2
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
190-00592-03 Rev. A
APPENDIX F
OBSTACLE DATABASE
Unlighted Obstacle
Lighted Obstacle
< 1000’ AGL > 1000’ AGL < 1000’ AGL > 1000’ AGL
Obstacle Location
Red obstacle is above or within 100 ft
below the aircraft altitude
Yellow obstacle is between 100 ft and
1000 ft below the aircraft altitude
Gray obstacle is more than 1000 ft
below aircraft altitude
Table G-1 Obstacle Colors
TERRAIN AVOIDANCE COLORS AND SYMBOLS
Terrain Above Aircraft Altitude
Aircraft Altitude
100 ft Threshold
Red terrain is above
or within 100 ft below
the aircraft altitude
1000 ft
Yellow terrain is between 100 ft and 1000 ft below the aircraft altitude
Black terrain is more than 1000 ft below the aircraft altitude
Figure G-1 Terrain Altitude/Color Correlation
Figure G-2 TAWS Potential Impact Points
190-00592-03 Rev. A
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
G-3
APPENDIX F
BLANK PAGE
G-4
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
190-00592-03 Rev. A
INDEX
SYMBOLS
360 HSI -----------------------------------------------------2-10
A
Active channel ---------------------------------------------8-50
Active frequency ------------------------------------ 4-6, 4-15
ADF -------------------------------------------------------4-24
ADF
ADF mode --------------------------------------- 4-24, 4-26
ANT mode -----------------------------------------------4-26
Volume---------------------------------------------------4-24
ADF/BFO ---------------------------------------------------4-26
ADF/DME tuning ------------------------------------------4-27
ADF volume ------------------------------------------------4-26
AFCS Status Box ------------------------------------------- 2-2
AHRS ------------------------------------------------------- A-14
Airport
Frequency -----------------------------------------------5-59
Information ------------------------------ 5-58, 5-63, 5-75
Nearest --------------------------- 5-57–5-60, 5-74–5-75
Runway --------------------------------------------------5-58
Airspace
Boundary ------------------------------------------------5-14
Airspeed Indicator ------------------------------2-2, 2-4–2-5
Airspeed Reference ---------------------------------------7-11
Airspeed Trend Vector ------------------------------------- 2-4
Air Data Computer (ADC) -------------------------------- 1-3
Alerting system --------------------------------------------- A-1
Alerts -------------------------------------------------------- A-1
Aircraft ---------------------------------------------------- A-4
Audio voice ---------------------------------------------- A-4
Alerts Window---------------------------------------------2-25
Alert levels -------------------------------------------------- A-3
ALT -------------------------------------------------------- 5-136
Altimeter -----------------------------------------2-2, 2-7–2-8
Altimeter barometric setting ----------------------------- 2-2
Altitude alerting -------------------------------------------2-27
Altitude capture ------------------------------------- 7-8, 7-16
Altitude constraints ---------------------------- 5-105, 5-124
Altitude Hold Mode (ALT)--------------------------------- 7-9
Altitude Reference ---------------------------- 7-8, 7-9, 7-16
Altitude restrictions ------------------------------------- 5-107
Altitude Trend Vector -------------------------------------- 2-8
Ammeter --------------------------------------- 3-2, 3-4, 3-12
Annunciations
AFCS Status -------------------------------------------- A-17
G1000 System ------------------------------1-10, A-5–A-6
TAWS Status ------------------------------------------- A-19
Test tone------------------------------------------- 1-12, A-2
Annunciations, softkey -----------------------------------2-25
Annunciation Window ----------------------------- 2-3, 2-25
Annunciator lights ----------------------------------------4-35
190-00592-03 Rev. A
ANT/BFO ---------------------------------------------------4-26
Approach ---------------------------------------------------- D-2
Activate ------------------------------------------------ 5-165
ILS --------------------------------------------------------7-38
Missed ---------------------------------------------------7-40
Select--------------------------------------------------- 5-164
WAAS ----------------------------------------------------7-39
Approach box ---------------------------------------------8-32
Approach Mode, AFCS -------------------- 7-25, 7-38, 7-39
APR softkey ---------------------------------------------- 5-157
Arc HSI------------------------------------------------------2-11
Arrival
Remove ------------------------------------------------ 5-160
Select--------------------------------------------------- 5-163
Assist, engine leaning ------------------------------ 3-8, 3-12
Attitude and Heading Reference System (AHRS) 1-3, 1-8,
1-13–1-14
Attitude Indicator -------------------------------2-2, 2-6–2-7
Audio alerting system ------------------------------------- A-2
Audio Panel ------------------------------------------ 1-2, 1-10
Audio panel controls
SPKR -----------------------------------------------------4-35
Audio panel fail-safe operation-------------------------4-41
Auto-tuning ------------------------------------------------4-22
Auto-tuning, COM ----------------------------------------- 4-9
Auto-tuning, NAV -----------------------------------------4-18
Automatic audio muting ---------------------------------8-53
Automatic Flight Control System (AFCS) -- 1-1, 7-1–7-44
Controls -------------------------------------------- 7-2–7-3
Example procedures --------------------------- 7-29–7-36
Status Annunciations ----------------------------------7-42
Status Box ------------------------------------------------ 7-4
Automatic squelch ----------------------------------------4-14
Autopilot ------------------------------------- 7-1, 7-27–7-28
Disconnect ---------------------------------7-3, 7-19, 7-28
Auto zoom -------------------------------------------------- 5-5
Auxiliary Pages (AUX) ------------------------------------1-31
AUX - System Status page---- 8-5, 8-6, 8-27, 8-28, 8-45,
8-46
Aviation map data -------------------------------- 5-13–5-14
B
Backlighting -----------------------------------------------1-44
Barometric setting, Altimeter------------------2-2, 2-8–2-9
Bearing/distance, measuring ----------------------------5-26
Bearing information ------------------------------ 2-13–2-14
Bearing Information Windows --------------------------- 2-3
Bearing source --------------------------------------------2-14
C
CDI ----------------------------- 5-113, 5-124, 5-131, 5-138
ChartView ------------------------------- 8-1, 8-7, 8-27, 5-27
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
I-1
INDEX
ChartView database ----------------8-25, 8-26, 8-27, 8-28
ChartView functions --------------------------------------- 8-7
ChartView plan view -------------------------------------8-19
ChartView profile View-----------------------------------8-20
ChartView softkeys ---------------------------------------- 8-7
ChartView subscription ----------------------------------8-27
Chart Not Available--------------------------------- 8-8, 8-30
Chart Not To Scale -------------------------------- 8-10, 8-32
Chart options -------------------------------------- 8-18, 8-38
Chart setup box ----------------------------------- 8-23, 8-41
Chart setup menu--------------------------------- 8-23, 8-41
Checklists ------------------------------------------ 1-42–1-43
Command Bars, flight director --------------------------- 7-5
Communication (COM) Frequency Box ----------------- 2-2
COM channel spacing ------------------------------------4-13
COM frequency
Select-----------------------------------------------------5-75
COM frequency box ----------------------------------4-3, 4-6
COM tuning failure ---------------------------------------4-41
Controls
AFCS ------------------------------------------------ 7-2–7-3
PFD/MFD ---------------------------------1-18–1-19, 1-28
Softkeys ------------------------------------------ 1-20–1-23
Control Wheel Steering (CWS) -------------------- 7-3, 7-28
Course Deviation Indicator (CDI) --------2-15–2-16, 5-39
Changing scale ------------------------------------------ D-3
Cylinder Head Temperature (CHT) ---------- 3-2, 3-4, 3-11
D
Databases -------------------------------- 1-7, 1-8, 1-12, B-1
Data entry ------------------------------------------ 1-27–1-28
Data Link Receiver ----------------------------------------- 1-4
Data Link Receiver troubleshooting ------------ 8-54, A-20
Date and time ---------------------------------------------1-34
Day/Night views----------------------------------- 8-23, 8-41
Day view -----------------------------8-23, 8-24, 8-41, 8-42
Dead Reckoning -------------------------------------------2-30
Decision Height (DH) ------------------------------- 2-3, 2-28
Declutter --------------------------------------------- 5-29, 8-2
Levels ----------------------------------------------------5-20
Declutter, display ------------------------------------------2-31
Declutter maps ------------------------------------ 1-21, 1-26
Departure
Select------------------------------------------ 5-150, 5-162
Timer -----------------------------------------------------1-40
Departure procedure chart ---------------------- 8-13, 8-35
Dilution of Precision (DOP) ------------------------------1-17
Direct-to -------------------------- 5-37, 5-38, 5-122, 5-124
Direct-to navigation --------------------------------------5-75
Cancel ---------------------------------------------------5-35
Select course --------------------------------------------5-35
Display backup -------------------------------1-10, 4-5, 4-41
Display controls ----------------------------------- 1-18–1-25
I-2
DME
HOLD mode ---------------------------------------------4-27
NAV1 mode ---------------------------------------------4-27
NAV2 mode ---------------------------------------------4-27
Tuning mode ------------------------------------ 4-24, 4-27
DME Information Window -------------------------------2-14
E
EIS Display -------------------------------------------------- 3-2
Electronic checklists ------------------------------ 1-42–1-43
Emergency frequency-------------------------------------4-41
Endurance, calculated --------------------------------3-4, 3-6
Engine Airframe Unit -------------------------------------- 1-3
Engine Indication System (EIS) --------------------3-1–3-14
Engine Manifold Pressure ------------ 3-2, 3-4, 3-11, 3-12
Engine Page ------------------------------------------------ 3-4
Entering Flight ID -----------------------------------------4-28
Entertainment inputs -------------------------------------4-39
Estimated Position Error (EPE) --------------------------1-17
Exhaust Gas Temperature (EGT) ------------ 3-4, 3-8, 3-11
F
Flight director------------------------------------7-1, 7-4–7-5
Pitch modes ---------------------------------------7-6–7-12
Roll modes -------------------------------------- 7-20–7-35
Flight ID ----------------------------------------------------4-34
Flight Level Change Mode (FLC) -------- 7-11, 7-34, 7-36
Flight plan
Active ----------------------------------------------------5-13
Closest point to reference -------------------------- 5-146
Storing ---------------------------------------------------- D-2
Flight timer-------------------------------------------------1-39
FliteCharts ------------------------------8-1, 8-29, 8-43, B-2
FliteCharts database ----------------------------- 8-29, 8-45
FliteCharts functions -------------------------------------8-29
FliteCharts softkeys ---------------------------------------8-29
Frequency
COM -----------------------------------------------------5-75
Nearest --------------------------------------------------5-64
VOR ---------------------------------------------- 5-52, 5-63
Frequency spacing ----------------------------------------4-13
Frequency transfer arrow --------------------------------- 4-7
Frequently asked questions------------------------------- D-1
Fuel
Calculations --------------------------3-6–3-7, 3-12–3-13
Flow ----------------------------------- 3-2, 3-4, 3-11, 3-12
Planning -------------------------------------------------5-29
Pressure ------------------------------------- 3-2, 3-4, 3-13
Quantity ---------------------------------------------3-2, 3-4
Range ring ----------------------------------------------5-12
Reserve --------------------------------------------------- 3-7
Fuel Range Ring-------------------------------------------- 3-7
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
190-00592-03 Rev. A
INDEX
G
M
GDL 69/69A ------------------------------------------------ 6-1
GFC 700 AFCS --------------------------------------7-1–7-44
Glidepath------------------------------------------------- 5-136
Glidepath Indicator ---------------------------------------- 2-9
Glidepath Mode (GP)---------------------- 7-17, 7-25, 7-39
Glideslope ------------------------------------------------ 5-136
Glideslope Indicator --------------------------------------- 2-9
Glideslope Mode (GS) ---------------------------- 7-18, 7-38
Global Positioning System (GPS)
Navigation -------------------- 5-31–5-136, 5-39–5-144
Go Around Mode (GA) -------------- 7-3, 7-19, 7-40–7-41
GTX 33 Transponder -------------------------------- 4-1, 4-28
Manual Electric Trim (MET) ------------------------ 7-1, 7-27
Map Pages (MAP) ----------------------------------------1-30
Map scale --------------------------------------------------5-20
Map symbols ----------------------------------------------- G-1
Marker beacon --------------------------------------------4-23
Marker Beacon Annunciations --------------------------2-26
MASQ processing ------------------------------------------ 4-1
Measurement units, changing displayed --------------1-35
Menus ------------------------------------------------------1-27
Messages
Reminder ------------------------------------------------1-40
Message advisories A-3, A-7, A-8, A-9, A-12, A-13, A-14,
A-15, A-16
Minimum Descent Altitude (MDA) --------------- 2-3, 2-28
Missed approach ------------------------------------------7-40
Mode S --------------------------------------------- 4-28, 4-29
Morse code identifier-------------------------------------4-17
Multi Function Display (MFD) ---------------------------- 1-2
Controls ----------------------------------------- 1-18–1-19
Softkeys --------------------------------------------------1-25
Music 1 -----------------------------------------------------4-39
Music 2 -----------------------------------------------------4-39
H
Heading ----------------------------------------------------- 2-2
Heading Select Mode (HDG) -------------------- 7-22, 7-30
HI SENS -----------------------------------------------------4-23
Horizontal Situation Indicator (HSI) ------ 2-2, 2-10–2-21
HSI double green arrow----------------------------------4-15
HSI magenta arrow ---------------------------------------4-15
HSI single green arrow -----------------------------------4-15
I
IDENT function --------------------------------------------4-34
ID indicator ------------------------------------------------4-17
ILS approach -----------------------------------------------7-38
Info Box ----------------------------------------------------8-34
Inset Map ------------------------------------------ 5-28–5-29
Inset Map, PFD --------------------------------------------- 2-3
Integrated Avionics Unit (IAU) --------------------------- 1-2
Intercom system (ICS) ------------------------------------4-39
Intersection
Information ------------------------------------- 5-48–5-49
Nearest --------------------------------------------------5-60
IOI -----------------------------------------------------------6-41
J
Jeppesen aviation database ------------------------------ B-1
Joystick --------------------------------------------- 8-10, 8-32
L
Land map data --------------------------------------------5-18
LD APR softkey ------------------------------------------ 5-158
Lean Display --------------------------------------- 3-10–3-12
Line Replaceable Units (LRU) --------------- 1-2–1-5, 1-11
LNAV ------------------------------------------------------ 5-113
Low Altitude Annunciation ------------------------------2-28
LO SENS ----------------------------------------------------4-23
LPV ----------------------------------------------- 5-113, 5-138
LPV approach ----------------------------------------------7-29
190-00592-03 Rev. A
N
National Weather Service --------------------------------6-23
Navigation (NAV) Frequency Box ------------------------ 2-2
Navigation database -------------------------- 5-105, 5-106
Navigation Data Bar--------------------------------------5-25
Navigation Map -------------------------------------------5-36
Setup -----------------------------------------------5-3–5-17
Navigation Mode, AFCS----------- 7-23–7-24, 7-32–7-33
Navigation mode selection ------------------------------4-15
Navigation source -------------------------------- 2-15–2-17
Navigation Status Box ------------------------------------ 2-2
NAV frequency box ---------------------------------------- 4-3
Nav radio selection ---------------------------------------4-15
NAV tuning knob -----------------------------------------4-17
NDB
Nearest --------------------------------------------------5-61
Nearest
Airports ------------------------------------------ 5-57–5-60
Intersection ---------------------------------------------5-60
NDB ------------------------------------------------------5-61
VOR ---------------------------------------------- 5-62–5-63
Nearest Airports Page ------------------------------------5-53
Nearest Pages (NRST) ------------------------------------1-31
Night view ---------------------------8-23, 8-24, 8-41, 8-42
Non-path descent--------------------------7-15, 7-36–7-37
Normal display operation --------------------------------- 1-9
NOTAMs ----------------------------------------------------8-16
NRST softkey-----------------------------------------------5-75
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
I-3
INDEX
O
Obstacles ---------------------------------------------A-8, A-11
Obstacle map data ---------------------------------------5-11
OBS Mode ----------------------------------------- 2-20–2-21
Oil
Pressure ------------------------------------- 3-2, 3-4, 3-12
Temperature -------------------------------- 3-2, 3-4, 3-12
Omni Bearing Selector (OBS)----------------------- D-2–D-3
Orientation, map ------------------------------------------- 5-4
Outside Air Temperature (OAT) ------------------- 2-2, 2-22
Overspeed protection, autopilot ------------------------7-43
P
Page groups --------------------------------------- 1-29–1-32
Page menus ------------------------------------------------1-27
Pan map -------------------------------------------- 5-22, 5-29
Passenger address ----------------------------------------4-38
PA system --------------------------------------------------4-38
Pilot profiles --------------------------------------- 1-36–1-37
Pitch Hold Mode (PIT) ------------------------------------- 7-7
Pitch indication --------------------------------------------- 2-6
Pitch modes, flight director ------------------------7-6–7-12
Pitch Reference --------------------------------------------- 7-7
Power-up, system ------------------------------------------ 1-8
Power-up page ------------------------------------ 8-26, 8-44
Primary Flight Display (PFD) ------------------------------ 1-2
Controls ----------------------------------------- 1-18–1-19
Softkeys ------------------------------------------ 1-20–1-22
Procedures --5-162–5-165, 5-163–5-166, 5-164–5-167
Procedure examples, AFCS ---------------------- 7-29–7-41
Procedure Loading Pages (PROC) ----------------------1-32
Q
Quick tuning 121.500 MHz ------------------------------ 4-8
R
RAIM --------------------------------------------------1-16, D-1
Range -------------------------------------------------------- 5-9
Receiver Autonomous Integrity Monitoring (RAIM) ------1-16–1-17
Reminder messages --------------------------------------1-40
Required Obstacle Clearance ---------------------------6-41
Required Vertical Speed -------------------------------- 5-129
Required Vertical Speed Indicator -------------------- 5-129
Reserve fuel ------------------------------------------------- 3-7
Reversionary Mode --------------------1-9–1-10, 3-9–3-13
Roll Hold Mode (ROL) ------------------------------------7-21
Roll modes, flight director ----------------------- 7-20–7-23
Roll Reference ---------------------------------------------7-21
Runway
Information ---------------------------------------------5-58
I-4
RVSI ---------------------------------------------- 5-129, 5-130
RX Indicator ------------------------------------------------ 4-7
S
SafeTaxi------------------------------- 8-1, 8-2, 8-4, 8-5, B-2
SafeTaxi database-------------------------------------8-5, 8-6
SafeTaxi range ---------------------------------------------- 8-3
Scheduler ------------------------------------------- 1-40–1-41
Secure Digital (SD) card ---------------------- 1-7, 1-42, B-1
Selected Altitude --2-2, 2-7, 2-27, 7-8, 7-10, 7-12, 7-16,
7-30
Selected Altitude Bug ------------------------------------- 2-2
Selected Altitude Capture Mode (ALTS) ---7-8, 7-9, 7-10,
7-12
Selected Course ---------------------- 2-3, 2-11, 7-24, 7-26
Selected Heading ----------------------------2-3, 2-11, 7-22
Selecting a COM radio ------------------------------------ 4-6
Selecting terminal procedures charts ------------ 8-8, 8-30
Sequencing, automatic ------------------------------------ D-3
Sequencing waypoints, suspend ------------------------2-21
Service Class -----------------------------------------------8-48
Servos ------------------------------------------------- 1-4, 7-27
Slip/Skid Indicator-------------------------------------2-2, 2-6
Softkeys
EIS -------------------------------------------------- 1-25, 3-4
EIS (Reversionary Mode) ------------------------------3-10
MFD ------------------------------------------------------1-25
PFD ----------------------------------------- 1-20–1-22, 2-2
Softkey annunciations ------------------------------------2-25
Speaker -----------------------------------------------------4-35
Splash screen, power-up ---------------------------------- 1-8
Standby frequency ---------------------------- 4-6, 4-9, 4-15
ADF -------------------------------------------------------4-24
Standby frequency field ----------------------------------- 4-6
Stereo headsets -------------------------------------------4-35
Stuck microphone-----------------------------------------4-41
Symbols, map ----------------------------------------------- G-1
System annunciations ------------------------------ 1-10, A-1
System Display (EIS) ------------------------------ 3-12–3-13
System power-up ------------------------------------------ 1-8
System time ------------------------------------------------- 2-2
T
Tachometer ----------------------------- 3-2, 3-4, 3-11, 3-12
TAS --------------------------------------------------------- A-14
TAWS ------------------6-35, 6-36, 6-38, 6-39, A-18, A-19
Terrain ------------------------------------------------------- A-8
Color indications ---------------------------------------- G-3
Terrain Awareness and Warning System (TAWS) ---- 2-27,
A-18
Terrain map data ---------------------------------- 5-10–5-11
Timer
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
190-00592-03 Rev. A
INDEX
Departure------------------------------------------------1-40
Flight -----------------------------------------------------1-39
Timer, PFD generic ----------------------------------------1-38
Timer, total service ---------------------------------- 3-4, 3-13
TOD ---------------------------- 5-128, 5-129, 5-130, 5-134
Topographic map data --------------------- 5-9–5-10, 5-23
Top of Descent ------------------------ 5-128, 5-129, 5-130
Track --------------------------------------------------------2-10
Track vector ------------------------------------------------- 5-7
Traffic advisory (TA) ---------------------------------------2-26
Traffic Advisory Systems ----------------------------------6-55
Traffic Annunciation --------------------------------------- 2-3
Traffic Information Service (TIS) --------------------- F-1–F-2
Voice alerts ----------------------------------------------2-26
Transponder------------------------------------------------- 1-3
Transponder code entry ----------------------------------4-31
Transponder data box --------------------------------4-1, 4-3
Transponder ground mode ------------------------------4-29
Transponder mode field -------------------------- 4-29, 4-30
Transponder softkeys -------------------------------------4-29
Transponder standby mode -----------------------------4-30
Transponder Status Box ----------------------------------- 2-2
Trend Vector
Turn Rate ------------------------------------------------2-13
Trend Vector, Airspeed ------------------------------------- 2-4
Trim, Manual Electric ------------------------- 7-1, 7-3, 7-27
True airspeed ------------------------------------------2-2, 2-4
Tuning ADF frequencies ----------------------------------4-25
Turn anticipation ------------------------------------------- D-3
Turn Rate Indicator --------------------------------- 2-2, 2-13
TX indicator ------------------------------------------------- 4-7
U
Unable to display chart ---------------------------- 8-8, 8-30
Updating Garmin databases ----------------------------- 8-5
Updating Jeppesen databases --------------------------8-27
V
VDI ----------------------------------------------- 5-129, 5-130
Vector-To-Final --------------------------------- 5-165, 5-166
Vertical Descent Indicator ----------------------------- 5-129
Vertical deviation ----------------------------------- 2-8, 7-14
Vertical deviation guidance ------------------ 5-105, 5-106
Vertical Deviation Indicator (VDI)------------------------ 2-9
Vertical navigation -------------------------------------- 5-105
Vertical Navigation (VNV)
Flight control------------------------------------ 7-12–7-16
Vertical Path Tracking Mode (VPTH) ----7-12–7-13, 7-35
vertical speed guidance ----------------------- 5-105, 5-106
Vertical Speed Indicator (VSI) -----------------------2-2, 2-8
Vertical Speed Mode (VS)--------------------------------7-10
Vertical Speed Reference --------------------------------7-10
190-00592-03 Rev. A
VFR code ---------------------------------------------------4-32
VNAV ----------------------------- 5-32, 5-40, 5-105, 5-106
VNV ------------------------------------------5-128, A-16, C-6
VNV indications, PFD -------------------------------------2-24
VNV Target Altitude ------------------------ 2-9, 7-12–7-15
VNV Target Altitude Capture Mode (ALTV) -----------7-16
Voice alerts, TIS Traffic ---------------------------- 2-26, 6-51
Voice alerts, TIS traffic ------------------------------------- A-4
Voltmeter--------------------------------------- 3-2, 3-4, 3-12
Volume level
ADF ----------------------------------------------- 4-24, 4-26
VOL annunciation -----------------------------------------4-37
VOR
Frequency --------------------------------------- 5-52, 5-63
Information ------------------------------------- 5-51–5-52
Nearest ------------------------------------------ 5-62–5-63
VOR selection----------------------------------------------4-15
VSI--------------------------------------------------------- 5-130
Vspeed references ------------------------------------2-3, 2-5
W
WAAS ----------------------------- 5-113, 5-156, 7-29, A-11
WAAS precision approach -------------------------------7-39
Warranty -------------------------------------------------------- i
Waypoint
Automatic sequencing --------------------------- D-2, D-3
Skipping -------------------------------------------------- D-3
Waypoint, user
Comment ------------------------------------------------5-56
Information ------------------------------------- 5-31–5-36
Waypoint Pages (WPT) -----------------------------------1-30
Waypoint sequencing, suspend -------------------------2-21
Wind data --------------------------------------------------- 2-3
Wind vector ------------------------------------------------- 5-8
X
XM
radio------------------------------------------------ 6-1, 8-47
Receiver troubleshooting --------------------- 8-54, A-20
XM channel list--------------------------------------------8-49
XM radio entertainment ---------------------------------4-39
XM radio volume------------------------------------------8-52
XM Satellite Radio ---------------------------------- 1-4, 8-47
XM satellite radio -------------------------- 8-49, 8-50, 8-52
Z
Zoom
Auto ------------------------------------------------------- 5-5
Range ----------------------------------------------------5-29
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
I-5
INDEX
BLANK PAGE
I-6
Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA40/40F
190-00592-03 Rev. A
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