Garmin | G1000: Diamond DA40/DA40F | Garmin G1000: Diamond DA40/DA40F Airplane Flight Manual Supplement G1000 Integrated Avionics System with GFC 700

Garmin G1000: Diamond DA40/DA40F Airplane Flight Manual Supplement G1000 Integrated Avionics System with GFC 700
This page is intentionally blank.
190-00492-10 Rev 8
Diamond DA 40 / DA 40F
ii
Garmin Ltd. Or its subsidiaries
c/o Garmin International
1200 E. 151st Street
Olathe, KS 66062 USA
FAA APPROVED AIRPLANE FLIGHT MANUAL SUPPLEMENT
GARMIN G1000 INTEGRATED AVIONICS SYSTEM WITH
GFC 700 AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40 F
LOG OF REVISIONS
Revision
Number
Page
Number(s)
FAA
Approved
Date of
Approval
1
All
Initial Release
Robert
Murray
7/26/2007
2
All
Add Software Levels
Robert
Murray
9/6/2007
3
All
Add Software Levels
Robert
Murray
2/28/2008
4
All
Add Software Levels
Robert
Murray
4/4/2008
5
All
Update Software Levels
for non-WAAS
Robert
Murray
4/18/2008
6
All
Add Software Levels
Robert
Murray
9/11/2009
7
All
Revised by Garmin
ODA. Correct minor
typographical errors and
administrative
corrections to fuel
quantity indication range
markings.
Robert
Murray
9/21/2010
8
All
Incorporate revisions for
system software level
0321.23.
See Page
1
See Page
1
190-00492-10 Rev 8
Description
Diamond DA 40 / DA 40F
iii
This page is intentionally blank.
190-00492-10 Rev 8
Diamond DA 40 / DA 40F
iv
FAA APPROVED AIRPLANE FLIGHT MANUAL SUPPLEMENT
GARMIN G1000 INTEGRATED AVIONICS SYSTEM WITH
GFC 700 AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40 F
Table of Contents
SECTION 1 GENERAL ................................................................................. 1-1
SECTION 2 LIMITATIONS ......................................................................... 2-1
SECTION 3 EMERGENCY PROCEDURES .............................................. 3-1
SECTION 4A NORMAL PROCEDURES ................................................ 4A-1
SECTION 4B ABNORMAL PROCEDURES ........................................... 4B-1
SECTION 5 PERFORMANCE ..................................................................... 5-1
SECTION 6 WEIGHT AND BALANCE ..................................................... 6-1
SECTION 7 SYSTEM DESCRIPTIONS ..................................................... 7-1
190-00492-10 Rev 8
Diamond DA 40 / DA 40F
v
This page is intentionally blank.
190-00492-10 Rev 8
Diamond DA 40 / DA 40F
vi
FAA APPROVED AIRPLANE FLIGHT MANUAL SUPPLEMENT
GARMIN G1000 INTEGRATED AVIONICS SYSTEM
WITH GARMIN GFC 700 AUTOPILOT
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40 F
SECTION 1
GENERAL
G1000
The G1000 Integrated Avionics System is a fully integrated flight, engine,
communication, navigation and surveillance instrumentation system. The
system consists of a Primary Flight Display (PFD), Multi-Function Display
(MFD), audio panel, Air Data Computer (ADC), Attitude and Heading
Reference System (AHRS), engine sensors and processing unit (GEA), and dual
integrated avionics units (GIA) each containing VHF communications, VHF
navigation, and GPS (Global Positioning System).
GIA 63 units are standard and provide non-WAAS GPS position information in
accordance with TSO-C129a class A1. Optional GIA 63W units provide
WAAS augmented GPS position in accordance with TSO C145a, Class 3.
The primary function of the PFD is to provide attitude, heading, air data,
navigation, and alerting information to the pilot. The PFD may also be used for
flight planning. The primary function of the MFD is to provide engine
information, mapping, terrain information, and flight planning. The audio panel
is used for selection of radios for transmitting and listening, intercom functions,
and marker beacon functions.
The primary function of the VHF Communication portion of the G1000 is to
enable external radio communication. The primary function of the VOR/ILS
Receiver portion of the equipment is to receive and demodulate VOR, Localizer,
and Glide Slope signals. The primary function of the GPS portion of the system
is to acquire signals from the GPS system satellites (and WAAS satellites if so
equipped), recover orbital data, make range and Doppler measurements, and
process this information in real-time to obtain the user's position, velocity, and
time.
If the optional TAWS function is installed in the G1000, the pilot will receive
appropriate aural warnings and cautions for terrain and obstacles. The pilot
should refer to the DA 40/DA 40F Pilot’s Guide for the terrain warning and
caution messages and system information.
190-00492-10 Rev 8
Diamond DA 40 / DA 40F
1-1
FAA APPROVED AIRPLANE FLIGHT MANUAL SUPPLEMENT
GARMIN G1000 INTEGRATED AVIONICS SYSTEM
WITH GARMIN GFC 700 AUTOPILOT
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40 F
Operational Approvals
G1000 GPS NAVIGATION SYSTEM, GIA 63 INSTALLED
GIA 63 units are standard and provide position information in accordance with
TSO-C129a class A1. The Garmin G1000 system has been demonstrated
capable of, and has been shown to meet the accuracy requirements for the
following operations provided it is receiving usable navigation data:
•
The G1000 Integrated Avionics system as installed in this aircraft
complies with AC 20-138A for navigation within the U.S. National
Airspace System using GPS for IFR en-route, terminal area, and nonprecision approach operations (including those approaches titled “GPS”,
“or GPS”, and “RNAV (GPS)” approaches).
•
The G1000 Integrated Avionics system as installed in this aircraft has
been found to comply with the requirements for GPS as a Primary Means
of Navigation for oceanic and remote navigation – RNP-10, per FAA
AC 20-138A and FAA Order 8400-12A. Both GPS receivers are
required to be operating and receiving usable signals except for routes
requiring only one Long Range Navigation sensor. This does not
constitute operational approval.
•
North Atlantic (NAT) Minimum Navigational Performance
Specifications (MNPS) Airspace per AC 91-49 and AC 120-33. Both
GPS receivers are required to be operating and receiving usable signals
except for routes requiring only one Long Range Navigation sensor. This
does not constitute operational approval.
NOTE
Each GIA 63 computes an independent navigation solution based on its GPS
sensor. The G1000 will use the GPS sensor with the highest signal quality and
will automatically revert to the other sensor if the active sensor fails or if the
secondary sensor is determined to be more accurate. An “AHRS 1 GPS – “
message means that one of the GPS receivers has failed. Refer to the MFD
AUX-GPS STATUS page to determine the state of the GPS receivers.
•
Enroute and Terminal including RNP5/BRNAV and PRNAV (RNP-1) In accordance with JAA TGL-10 Rev 1, ACJ 20X4, AC 90-96A, and
AC 90-100A provided the FMS is receiving usable navigation
information from one or more GPS/SBAS receivers.
190-00492-10 Rev 8
Diamond DA 40 / DA 40F
1-2
FAA APPROVED AIRPLANE FLIGHT MANUAL SUPPLEMENT
GARMIN G1000 INTEGRATED AVIONICS SYSTEM
WITH GARMIN GFC 700 AUTOPILOT
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40 F
•
The G1000 Integrated Avionics system as installed in this aircraft is
eligible for B-RNAV in accordance with AMJ20X2.
•
The G1000 Integrated Avionics system as installed in this aircraft is
eligible for PRNAV in accordance with PRNAV requirements: JAA
Administrative & Guidance Material Section One: General Part 3:
Temporary Guidance Leaflets, Leaflet No 10: Airworthiness and
Operational Approval for Precession RNAV Operations in Designated
European Airspace 7.1 Required Functions.
•
Navigation information is referenced to WGS-84 reference system, and
should only be used where the Aeronautical Information Publication
(including electronic data and aeronautical charts) conform to WGS-84 or
equivalent.
G1000 GPS/SBAS NAVIGATION SYSTEM, GIA 63W INSTALLED
The Garmin G1000 GPS/SBAS receivers, GIA 63W, incorporating SW version
3.0 or later approved version and GA35 (PN 013-00235-00) antennas are
approved under TSO-C145a/TSO-C146a equipment Class 3 and installed in
accordance with AC 20-138A. The Garmin G1000 system has been
demonstrated capable of, and has been shown to meet the accuracy requirements
for the following operations provided it is receiving usable navigation data:
•
The G1000 Integrated Avionics system as installed in this aircraft
complies with AC 20-138A for navigation using GPS and WAAS (within
the coverage of a Space-Based Augmentation System complying with
ICAO Annex 10) for IFR en route, terminal area, and non-precision
approach operations (including those approaches titled “GPS”, “or
GPS”, and “RNAV (GPS)” approaches). The G1000 Integrated Avionics
system installed in this aircraft is approved for approach procedures with
vertical guidance including “LPV”, “LNAV/VNAV”, and “LNAV + V”
within the U.S. National Airspace System.
•
The G1000 Integrated Avionics system as installed in this aircraft has
been found to comply with the requirements for GPS as a Primary Means
of Navigation for oceanic and remote navigation – RNP-10, (per FAA
AC 20-138A and FAA Order 8400-12A), when used in conjunction with
Garmin WAAS Fault Detection/Exclusion (WFDE) Prediction Program,
part number 006-A0154-01 or later approved version with GA35
(PN 013-00235-00) antennas selected. Both GPS/SBAS receivers are
required to be operating and receiving usable signals except for routes
requiring only one Long Range Navigation (LRN) sensor. This does not
constitute an operational approval.
190-00492-10 Rev 8
Diamond DA 40 / DA 40F
1-3
FAA APPROVED AIRPLANE FLIGHT MANUAL SUPPLEMENT
GARMIN G1000 INTEGRATED AVIONICS SYSTEM
WITH GARMIN GFC 700 AUTOPILOT
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40 F
•
The G1000 WFDE predication program works in combination with the
Garmin AT, Inc. Route Planning Software, version 1.2, or later approved
version. The route planning and WFDE prediction program can be
downloaded from Garmin G1000 website on the Internet.
For
information on using the WFDE Prediction Program, refer to Garmin
WAAS FDE Prediction Program, part number 190-00643-01, ‘WFDE
Prediction Program Instructions’.
•
North Atlantic (NAT) Minimum Navigational Performance
Specifications (MNPS) Airspace per AC 91-49 and AC 120-33. Both
GPS/SBAS receivers are required to be operating and receiving usable
signals except for routes requiring only one Long Range Navigation
sensor. This does not constitute operational approval.
NOTE
Each GIA 63W computes an independent navigation solution based on its GPS
sensor. The G1000 will use the GPS sensor with the highest signal quality and
will automatically revert to the other sensor if the active sensor fails or if the
secondary sensor is determined to be more accurate. An “AHRS 1 GPS – “
message displayed in the ALERTS window means that one of the GPS receivers
has failed. Refer to the MFD AUX-GPS STATUS page to determine the state of
the GPS receivers.
•
Enroute and Terminal including RNP5/BRNAV and PRNAV (RNP-1) In accordance with JAA TGL-10 Rev 1, ACJ 20X4, AC 90-96A, and AC
90-100A provided the FMS is receiving usable navigation information
from one or more GPS/SBAS receivers.
•
The G1000 Integrated Avionics system as installed in this aircraft is
eligible for B-RNAV in accordance with AMJ20X2.
•
The G1000 Integrated Avionics system as installed in this aircraft is
eligible for PRNAV in accordance with PRNAV requirements: JAA
Administrative & Guidance Material Section One: General Part 3:
Temporary Guidance Leaflets, Leaflet No 10: Airworthiness and
Operational Approval for Precession RNAV Operations in Designated
European Airspace 7.1 Required Functions.
•
Navigation information is referenced to WGS-84 reference system, and
should only be used where the Aeronautical Information Publication
(including electronic data and aeronautical charts) conform to WGS-84 or
equivalent.
190-00492-10 Rev 8
Diamond DA 40 / DA 40F
1-4
FAA APPROVED AIRPLANE FLIGHT MANUAL SUPPLEMENT
GARMIN G1000 INTEGRATED AVIONICS SYSTEM
WITH GARMIN GFC 700 AUTOPILOT
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40 F
ELECTRONIC FLIGHT BAG
The G1000 Integrated Avionics System as installed in this aircraft has been
approved as a Hardware Class 3, Software Type B Electronic Flight Bag (EFB)
in accordance with AC 120-76B when using current FliteChart or ChartView
data. Additional operational approvals may be required.
For operations under part 91, it is suggested that a secondary or back up source
of aeronautical information necessary for the flight be available to the pilot in
the aircraft. The secondary or backup information may be either traditional
paper-based material or displayed electronically. If the source of aeronautical
information is in electronic format, operators must determine non-interference
with the G1000 system and existing aircraft systems for all flight phases.
190-00492-10 Rev 8
Diamond DA 40 / DA 40F
1-5
FAA APPROVED AIRPLANE FLIGHT MANUAL SUPPLEMENT
GARMIN G1000 INTEGRATED AVIONICS SYSTEM
WITH GARMIN GFC 700 AUTOPILOT
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40 F
SECTION 2
LIMITATIONS
2.1 INTRODUCTION
GENERAL LIMITATIONS
1.
2.
The Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide (CRG) must be immediately
available to the flight crew. The required CRG is referenced to the System
Software Version number. The System Software Version number is
displayed at the top right side of the MFD Power-up page.
System Software
Version
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide (CRG)
revision
0321.23
P/N 190-00324-11, Revision B, or later appropriate
revision.
AHRS Areas of operation:
Flight operations with the G1000 Integrated Avionics installed are prohibited in
the following areas due to unsuitability of the magnetic fields near the Earth’s
poles.
a) North of 72° North latitude at all longitudes.
b) South of 70° South latitude at all longitudes.
c) North of 65° North latitude between longitude 75° W and 120° W.
(Northern Canada)
d) North of 70° North latitude between longitude 70° W and 128° W.
(Northern Canada)
e) North of 70° North latitude between longitude 85° E and 114° E
(Northern Russia)
f) South of 55° South latitude between longitude 120° E and 165° E.
(Region south of Australia and New Zealand)
NOTE
The Garmin G1000 system is not designed for use as a polar navigator and
operation outside the approved operating area is prohibited. The GRS-77
AHRS internally monitors the magnetic field and will display a
GEO LIMITS system message when the magnetic field becomes unsuitable
for AHRS operation. When the AHRS can no longer reliably compute
heading, heading information will be removed form the HSI.
3.
The fuel quantity, fuel required, and fuel remaining functions of the FMS
are supplemental information only and must be verified by the flight crew.
190-00492-10 Rev 8
FAA Approved
Diamond DA 40 / DA 40F
2-1
FAA APPROVED AIRPLANE FLIGHT MANUAL SUPPLEMENT
GARMIN G1000 INTEGRATED AVIONICS SYSTEM
WITH GARMIN GFC 700 AUTOPILOT
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40 F
4.
The ADF aural identifier must be monitored any time the ADF is used as
the primary source of navigation.
5.
Do not use SafeTaxi or Chartview functions as the basis for ground
maneuvering. SafeTaxi and Chartview functions do not comply with the
requirements of AC 20-159 and are not qualified to be used as an airport
moving map display (AMMD). SafeTaxi and Chartview are to be used by
the flight crew to orient themselves on the airport surface to improve
situational awareness during ground operations.
6.
Do not move the aircraft until the AHRS has aligned and displays valid
attitude information on the PFD after the G1000 system has been turned on.
G1000 GPS NAVIGATION SYSTEM LIMITATIONS
1.
GPS/SBAS based IFR enroute, oceanic, and terminal navigation is
prohibited unless the pilot verifies and uses a valid, compatible, and current
Aviation database or verifies each waypoint for accuracy by reference to
current approved data.
2.
“GPS”, “or GPS”, and “RNAV (GPS)” instrument approaches using the
G1000 System are prohibited unless the pilot verifies and uses the current
Aviation database. GPS based instrument approaches must be flown in
accordance with an approved instrument approach procedure that is loaded
from the Aviation database.
3.
Instrument approaches utilizing the GPS receiver must be conducted in the
approach mode (LNAV, LNAV+V, L/VNAV, or LPV), and GPS/WAAS
integrity monitoring must be available at the Final Approach Fix. If there is
not sufficient GPS/WAAS integrity at any time after crossing the Final
Approach Fix, a Loss Of Integrity (LOI) will be annunciated on the HSI
and the approach mode will be aborted.
4.
Only applicable to GIA 63W equipped aircraft: When operating under
instrument flight rules requiring an alternate airport, the required alternate
airport must not be flight planned based on an RNAV (GPS) LP/LPV or
LNAV/VNAV approach. The alternate airport must be flight planned using
an LNAV approach or available ground-based approach aid.
5.
Only applicable to GIA 63 (non-WAAS) equipped aircraft: The aircraft
must have operational, approved navigation equipment other than GPS
appropriate to the operation.
6.
Only applicable to GIA 63 (non-WAAS) equipped aircraft: When operating
under instrument flight rules requiring an alternate airport, the required
alternate airport must have an approved instrument approach procedure
other than GPS that is anticipated to be operational and available at the
estimated time of arrival, and which the aircraft is equipped to fly.
190-00492-10 Rev 8
FAA Approved
Diamond DA 40 / DA 40F
2-2
FAA APPROVED AIRPLANE FLIGHT MANUAL SUPPLEMENT
GARMIN G1000 INTEGRATED AVIONICS SYSTEM
WITH GARMIN GFC 700 AUTOPILOT
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40 F
7.
IFR non-precision approach approval using the GPS/SBAS sensor is
limited to published approaches within the U.S. National Airspace System.
Approaches to airports in other airspace are not approved unless authorized
by the appropriate governing authority.
8.
Use of the Garmin G1000 GPS/SBAS receivers to accomplish ILS, LOC,
LOC-BC, LDA, SDF, MLS or any other type of approach not approved for
“or GPS” is not authorized. Use of the G1000 VOR/LOC/GS receivers to
fly approaches not approved for “or GPS” requires that VOR/LOC/GS
navigation data is selected and presented on the CDI of the pilot flying (i.e.
proper CDI source selection).
NOTE
Not all published approaches are in the AVIATION database. The flight crew
must ensure that the planned approach is in the database.
9.
Use of the G1000 VOR/ILS receiver to fly approaches not approved for
GPS requires VOR/ILS navigation data to be present on the display.
10. When conducting missed approach procedures, autopilot coupled operation
is prohibited until the pilot has established a course and rate of climb that
ensures all altitude and path requirements of the procedure will be met.
11. RNP operations are not authorized except as noted in the Operational
Approvals section.
GFC 700 LIMITATIONS
1.
The GFC 700 AFCS preflight test must be successfully completed prior to
use of the autopilot, flight director or manual electric trim. Use of the
autopilot or manual electric trim system is prohibited if the preflight test is
not satisfactorily completed.
2.
A pilot with the seat belt fastened must occupy the left pilot’s seat during
all autopilot operations.
3.
The autopilot must be off during takeoff and landing.
4.
Autopilot maximum engagement speed – 165 KIAS
Autopilot minimum engagement speed – 70 KIAS
Electric Trim maximum operating speed – 178 KIAS
5.
The autopilot must be disengaged below 200 feet AGL during approach
operations and below 800 feet AGL during all other operations.
190-00492-10 Rev 8
FAA Approved
Diamond DA 40 / DA 40F
2-3
FAA APPROVED AIRPLANE FLIGHT MANUAL SUPPLEMENT
GARMIN G1000 INTEGRATED AVIONICS SYSTEM
WITH GARMIN GFC 700 AUTOPILOT
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40 F
6.
ILS approaches using the GFC 700 autopilot/flight director are limited to
Category I approaches only.
TERRAIN AWARNESS AND WARNING SYSTEM (TAWS) SYSTEM
LIMITATIONS
NOTE:
The terrain display is intended to serve as a situational awareness
tool only. It may not provide either the accuracy or fidelity, or
both, on which to solely base decisions and plan maneuvers to
avoid terrain or obstacles.
1.
Navigation must not be predicated upon the use of the TAWS, Terrain or
Obstacle data displayed by the G1000.
2.
Pilots are authorized to deviate from their ATC clearance to the extent
necessary to comply with terrain / obstacle warnings from TAWS.
3.
The Terrain and Obstacle databases have an area of coverage as detailed
below:
(a) The Terrain Database has an area of coverage from North 90°
Latitude to South 90° Latitude in all longitudes.
(b) The Obstacle Database coverage area includes the United States
and Europe.
NOTE: The area of coverage may be modified, as additional terrain data
sources become available.
4.
5.
When replacing or updating the TAWS terrain and obstacle database cards,
the following procedure must be conducted:
•
The G1000 system must be turned off.
•
After database card replacement, apply power to the G1000 system
to perform a TAWS system test. A successful TAWS system test
will result in the aural “TAWS SYSTEM TEST OK” message
being played and removal of the “TAWS TEST” annunciator from
the PFD and MFD displays.
•
Turn the G1000 system off.
To avoid unwanted alerts, TAWS must be inhibited when landing at an
airport that is not included in the airport database.
190-00492-10 Rev 8
FAA Approved
Diamond DA 40 / DA 40F
2-4
FAA APPROVED AIRPLANE FLIGHT MANUAL SUPPLEMENT
GARMIN G1000 INTEGRATED AVIONICS SYSTEM
WITH GARMIN GFC 700 AUTOPILOT
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40 F
TRAFFIC AVOIDANCE SYSTEM LIMITATIONS
Use of the MAP - TRAFFIC MAP to maneuver the airplane for traffic
avoidance without outside visual reference is prohibited. The Traffic
Information System (TIS) is intended as an aid for the pilot to visually locate
traffic. It is the responsibility of the pilot to see and manually maneuver the
airplane to avoid other traffic.
SYNTHETIC VISION LIMITATIONS
Use of the Synthetic Vision system display elements alone for aircraft control
without reference to the G1000 primary flight instruments or the aircraft standby
instruments is prohibited.
Use of the Synthetic Vision system alone for navigation, or obstacle or terrain
avoidance is prohibited.
Use of the SVS traffic display alone to avoid other aircraft is prohibited.
DATA LINK WEATHER (XM AND GFDS WEATHER) LIMITATIONS
Datalink weather information displayed by the G1000 system is limited to
supplemental use only. XM and GFDS weather data is not a source of official
weather information. Use of the NEXRAD and LTNG (Lightning) data on the
MAP – NAVIGATION MAP and/or MAP - WEATHER DATA LINK (XM) or
(GFDS) page for hazardous weather, e.g., thunderstorm penetration is
prohibited. NEXRAD, and LTNG information on the MAP - NAVIGATION or
MAP – WEATHER DATA LINK (XM) or (GFDS) page is intended only as an
aid to enhance situational awareness of hazardous weather, not penetration. It is
the pilot’s responsibility to avoid hazardous weather using official weather data
sources and the airplane’s in-flight weather radar (if installed).
VERTICAL NAVIGATION (VNAV) LIMITATIONS
Use of VNAV is prohibited with course changes greater than 90°.
190-00492-10 Rev 8
FAA Approved
Diamond DA 40 / DA 40F
2-5
FAA APPROVED AIRPLANE FLIGHT MANUAL SUPPLEMENT
GARMIN G1000 INTEGRATED AVIONICS SYSTEM
WITH GARMIN GFC 700 AUTOPILOT
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40 F
2.3 AIRSPEED MARKINGS
Marking
IAS
Red band
20 KIAS – 53 KIAS
Yellow band
53 KIAS – 58 KIAS
White band
58 KIAS – 91 KIAS
Green band
Yellow band
58 KIAS – 129 KIAS
129 KIAS – 178 KIAS
Red band
178 KIAS and greater
Significance
Low speed awareness – stall is
imminent
Low speed awareness – reduced
airspeed margin to stall
Operating range with flaps fully
extended
Normal operating range
Caution range – smooth air only
178 KIAS is the maximum speed for all
operations
The airspeed indicator is marked in IAS values.
190-00492-10 Rev 8
FAA Approved
Diamond DA 40 / DA 40F
2-6
FAA APPROVED AIRPLANE FLIGHT MANUAL SUPPLEMENT
GARMIN G1000 INTEGRATED AVIONICS SYSTEM
WITH GARMIN GFC 700 AUTOPILOT
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40 F
2.5 ENGINE INSTRUMENT MARKINGS
Engine instrument markings and their color code significance are shown in the
table below.
NOTE
When an indication lies in the upper or lower prohibited range, the legend for
that display will change to the color of the prohibited range and will flash.
Indication
Manifold
Pressure
In. – Hg
*Note 2*
Red arc or
bar
=
Lower
prohibited
range
Yellow
arc or
bar
=
Caution
range
Green arc
or bar
=
Normal
operating
range
Yellow
arc or bar
=
Caution
range
Red arc
or bar
=
Upper
prohibite
d range
--
--
13 – 30
--
--
--
--
500 –
2700
--
>2700
*Note 3*
--
--
149 – 230
231 - 245
>245
--
--
150 – 475
476 –
500
>500
0 – 14
--
14 – 35
--
>35
0 – 25
25 - 55
56 – 95
96 - 97
>97
--
--
1 – 20
--
>20
0 – 24.1
24.1 – 25
25.1 – 30
30.1 – 32
>32
--
--
2 – 75
--
--
0
>0 – 3
>3 – 17
--
--
0
>0 – 3
>3 – 16
>19 – 24
--
--
RPM
Oil Temp
°F
Cylinder
Head Temp
°F
Fuel Press PSI
(DA 40)
*Note 4*
Oil Press
PSI
Fuel flow
Gal/hr
Voltage
Volts
Amperage
Amps
Fuel quantity
US gal
Standard
Tanks
Fuel quantity
US gal
Long Range
Tanks
190-00492-10 Rev 8
FAA Approved
Diamond DA 40 / DA 40F
2-7
FAA APPROVED AIRPLANE FLIGHT MANUAL SUPPLEMENT
GARMIN G1000 INTEGRATED AVIONICS SYSTEM
WITH GARMIN GFC 700 AUTOPILOT
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40 F
Note 2: Not applicable to DA 40 F. Manifold Pressure gauge is not installed in
the DA 40 F.
Note 3: To prevent nuisance alerts during normal takeoffs, the legend “RPM”
and digits will not turn red or flash until the RPM exceeds 2780.
Note 4: Fuel Pressure Gauge is optional for DA 40 aircraft.
2.6 WARNING, CAUTION AND STATUS MESSAGES
The following tables show the color and significance of the warning, caution,
and advisory messages which may appear on the G1000 displays.
NOTE
The G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide and the G1000 Pilot’s Guide contain
detailed descriptions of the annunciator system and all warnings, cautions and
advisories.
Warning annunciations – Red
Annunciation
OIL PRES LO
FUEL PRES LO (DA40 Only)
FUEL PRES HI (DA40 Only)
ALTERNATOR
STARTER ENGD
DOOR OPEN
190-00492-10 Rev 8
FAA Approved
Cause
Oil pressure is less than 25 psi
Fuel pressure is less than 14 psi
Fuel pressure is greater than 35 psi
Alternator failure
Operation of the starter without the key in
the start position, or failure of the starter
motor to disengage from the engine after
starting
Front canopy and/or rear door not
completely closed and locked
Diamond DA 40 / DA 40F
2-8
FAA APPROVED AIRPLANE FLIGHT MANUAL SUPPLEMENT
GARMIN G1000 INTEGRATED AVIONICS SYSTEM
WITH GARMIN GFC 700 AUTOPILOT
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40 F
Caution annunciations – Yellow
Annunciation
PITOT OFF
PITOT FAIL
L FUEL LOW
R FUEL LOW
LOW VOLTS
PFD FAN FAIL
MFD FAN FAIL
GIA FAN FAIL
PFD OVERHEAT
MFD OVERHEAT
GIA1 OVERHEAT
GIA2 OVERHEAT
190-00492-10 Rev 8
FAA Approved
Cause
Pitt heat is not switched on
Fault in the pitot heating system
Fuel quantity in the left tank is less than 3
US gal (+1 US gal)
Fuel quantity in the right tank is less than 3
US gal (+1 US gal)
On-board voltage below 24 volts
PFD Cooling Fan has failed. See Abnormal
Procedures section 4B.
MFD Cooling Fan has failed. See Abnormal
Procedures section 4B.
GIA Cooling Fan has failed. See Abnormal
Procedures section 4B.
PFD is approaching its operating
temperature limit. Display brightness is
automatically reduced to 50% of maximum.
See Abnormal Procedures section 4B.
MFD is approaching its operating
temperature limit. Display brightness is
automatically reduced to 50% of maximum.
See Abnormal Procedures section 4B.
GIA 1 is approaching its operating
temperature limit. See Abnormal
Procedures section 4B of the AFMS.
GIA 2 is approaching its operating
temperature limit. See Abnormal
Procedures section 4B of this AFMS.
Diamond DA 40 / DA 40F
2-9
FAA APPROVED AIRPLANE FLIGHT MANUAL SUPPLEMENT
GARMIN G1000 INTEGRATED AVIONICS SYSTEM
WITH GARMIN GFC 700 AUTOPILOT
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40 F
2.13 KINDS OF OPERATION
Minimum operational equipment (serviceable)
Equipment
Primary Flight Display
Multi-Function Display
Audio panel
Air data computer
Attitude and Heading Reference
System
Static dischargers
GPS
PFD Cooling Fan
MFD Cooling Fan
GIA Cooling Fan
Number
installed
1
1
1
1
VFR
Day
1
1
1
1
VFR
Night
1
1
1
1
IFR
1
1
1
1
1
0
1
1
7
2
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
1
1
1
1
7
2
1
1
1
2.14 FUEL
Fuel Quantity: Total fuel quantity:
Standard Tanks:
Long Range Tanks:
Unusable fuel:
2 x 20.6 US gal (approx. 156 liters)
2 x 25.5 US gal (approx. 193 liters)
2 x 0.5 US gal (approx. 3.8 liters)
Max. Indicated Fuel Quantity:
Standard Tanks:
17 US gal per tank
Long Range Tanks:
24.0 US gal per tank
Max. permissible difference
between right and left tank:
Standard Tanks:
10 US gal (approx. 38 liters)
Long Range Tanks:
8 US gal (approx. 30.3 liters)
190-00492-10 Rev 8
FAA Approved
Diamond DA 40 / DA 40F
2-10
FAA APPROVED AIRPLANE FLIGHT MANUAL SUPPLEMENT
GARMIN G1000 INTEGRATED AVIONICS SYSTEM
WITH GARMIN GFC 700 AUTOPILOT
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40 F
2.15 Limitation Placard
Below the MFD, next to the fuel quantity indication:
Standard Tanks
Fuel qty. Indication: max 17 US gal
Max. difference LH/RH tank: 10 US gal
For use of max. tank capacity see AFM
Long Range Tanks
Fuel qty. Indication: max 24 US gal
Refer to AFM to use entire tank capacity
Max. difference LH/RH tank: 8 US gal
190-00492-10 Rev 8
FAA Approved
Diamond DA 40 / DA 40F
2-11
FAA APPROVED AIRPLANE FLIGHT MANUAL SUPPLEMENT
GARMIN G1000 INTEGRATED AVIONICS SYSTEM
WITH GARMIN GFC 700 AUTOPILOT
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40 F
SECTION 3
EMERGENCY PROCEDURES
GENERAL
1.
If Garmin G1000 GPS navigation information is not available or invalid,
utilize remaining operational navigation equipment as required.
2.
If the G1000 system reverts to Dead Reckoning mode (indicated by DR
displayed on the HSI), the moving map will continue to be displayed.
Aircraft position will be based upon the last valid GPS position and
estimated by Dead Reckoning methods. Changes in winds aloft can affect
the estimated position substantially. Dead Reckoning is only available for
20 minutes in Oceanic and Enroute modes; Terminal and Approach modes
do not support DR.
3.
If Garmin G1000 GPS navigation information is not available or invalid
and the TAWS option is installed, TAWS will not be available. A white
‘TAWS N/A’ or red ‘TAWS FAIL’ annunciator will be displayed on the
PFD (left of selected altitude) or on the MFD TAWS page (lower right
hand corner).
4.
If the "GPS NAV LOST" annunciation is displayed the system will flag and
no longer provide GPS based navigational guidance. The crew should
revert to the G1000 VOR/ILS receivers or an alternate means of navigation
other than the G1000 GPS receivers.
5.
If the "LOI" (Loss of Integrity) annunciation is displayed in the enroute,
oceanic, or terminal phase of flight, continue to navigate using the GPS
equipment or revert to an alternate means of navigation other than the
G1000 GPS receiver appropriate to the route and phase of flight. When
continuing to use GPS navigation, position must be verified every 15
minutes using the G1000 VOR/ILS receiver or another IFR-approved
navigation system.
6.
If the “ABORT APR” or “GPS NAV LOST” annunciation is displayed
while on an approach segment, the pilot shall initiate the missed approach.
7.
Aircraft equipped with GIA 63W WAAS GPS receivers only: If the “APR
DWNGRADE” annunciation is displayed, the pilot shall use LNAV
minima.
8.
Aircraft equipped with GIA 63 non-WAAS GPS receivers only: If the
"RAIM UNAVAIL" annunciation is displayed while on an approach
segment, the approach will become inactive and the pilot shall initiate the
missed approach. Missed approach course guidance may still be available
with 1 nautical mile CDI sensitivity.
190-00492-10 Rev 8
Diamond DA 40 / DA 40F
3-1
FAA APPROVED AIRPLANE FLIGHT MANUAL SUPPLEMENT
GARMIN G1000 INTEGRATED AVIONICS SYSTEM
WITH GARMIN GFC 700 AUTOPILOT
9.
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40 F
In an in-flight emergency, depressing and holding the COM transfer button
for 2 seconds will tune the emergency frequency of 121.500 MHz. If the
display is available, it will also show it in the "Active" frequency window.
10. If the white ‘TAWS N/A’ status annunciator is displayed on the PFD or
MFD TAWS page, the system will no longer provide TAWS alerting or
display relative terrain elevations. The crew must maintain compliance
with procedures that ensure minimum terrain separation.
11. If the red ‘TAWS FAIL’ status annunciator is displayed on the PFD or
MFD TAWS page, the system will no longer provide TAWS alerting or
display relative terrain elevations. The crew must maintain compliance
with procedures that ensure minimum terrain separation.
12. The following warnings and cautions appear in various locations on the
PFD or MFD.
Annunciation
AHRS Aligning – Keep
Wings Level
ATTITUDE FAIL
AIRSPEED FAIL
ALTITUDE FAIL
VERT SPEED FAIL
HDG
Red X
LOI
190-00492-10 Rev 8
Cause
Attitude and Heading Reference System is aligning.
Keep wings level using standby attitude indicator.
Display system is not receiving attitude reference
information from the AHRS; accompanied by the
removal of sky/ground presentation and a red X over
the attitude area.
Display system is not receiving airspeed input from
the air data computer; accompanied by a red X
through the airspeed display.
Display system is not receiving altitude input from the
air data computer; accompanied by a red X through
the altimeter display.
Display system is not receiving vertical speed input
from the air data computer; accompanied by a red X
through the vertical speed display.
Display system is not receiving valid heading input
from the AHRS; accompanied by a red X through the
digital heading display.
A red X through any display field, such as com
frequencies, nav frequencies, or engine data, indicates
that display field is not receiving valid data.
GPS integrity is insufficient for the current phase of
flight.
Diamond DA 40 / DA 40F
3-2
FAA APPROVED AIRPLANE FLIGHT MANUAL SUPPLEMENT
GARMIN G1000 INTEGRATED AVIONICS SYSTEM
WITH GARMIN GFC 700 AUTOPILOT
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40 F
GFC 700 EMERGENCY PROCEDURES
Some emergency situations require immediate memorized corrective action.
These numbered steps are printed in boxes within the emergency procedures
and should be accomplished without the aid of the checklist.
AUTOPILOT OR ELECTRIC TRIM MALFUNCTION/FAILURE
NOTE
An autopilot or electric trim malfunction may be recognized by an unexpected
deviation from the desired flight path, abnormal flight control or trim wheel
movement, or flight director commands which cause unexpected or
contradictory information on the other cockpit displays. It may be accompanied
by the aural autopilot disconnect tone, a red AFCS, red AP or yellow AP
indication on the PFD, or a yellow CHECK ATTITUDE on the PFD. The
autopilot and AHRS monitors normally detect failures and automatically
disconnect the autopilot.
Failure of the electric pitch trim, indicated by a red boxed PTRM indication on
the PFD, may not cause the autopilot to disconnect. Be alert to possible
autopilot out of trim conditions (see AUTOPILOT OUT OF TRIM procedure
below), and expect residual control forces upon disconnect. The autopilot will
not re-engage after disconnect with failed pitch trim. If AUTOPILOT OUT OF
TRIM ↑↓ELE indication is present, expect substantial elevator forces on
autopilot disconnect.
1. AP DISC Switch ...............................................................DEPRESS AND HOLD
while grasping control stick firmly
2. Aircraft Attitude.........................MAINTAIN/REGAIN AIRCRAFT CONTROL,
use standby attitude indicator if necessary
3. Pitch Trim .......................................... RETRIM if necessary, using the trim wheel
4. AP Circuit Breaker ........................................................................................ PULL
5. AP DISC Switch .................................................................................... RELEASE
WARNING
FOLLOWING AN AUTOPILOT, AUTOTRIM OR MANUAL
ELECTRIC TRIM SYSTEM MALFUNCTION, DO NOT ENGAGE THE
AUTOPILOT OR OPERATE THE MANUAL ELECTRIC TRIM UNTIL
THE CAUSE OF THE MALFUNCTION HAS BEEN CORRECTED.
190-00492-10 Rev 8
Diamond DA 40 / DA 40F
3-3
FAA APPROVED AIRPLANE FLIGHT MANUAL SUPPLEMENT
GARMIN G1000 INTEGRATED AVIONICS SYSTEM
WITH GARMIN GFC 700 AUTOPILOT
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40 F
AUTOPILOT DISCONNECT (Red AP flashing on PFD)
1. AP DISC Switch ........................................................ DEPRESS AND RELEASE
(to cancel disconnect tone)
2. Pitch Trim .......................................... RETRIM if necessary, using the trim wheel
NOTE
The autopilot disconnect may be accompanied by a red boxed PTCH (pitch) or
ROLL on the PFD, indicating the axis which has failed. The autopilot cannot be
re-engaged with either of these annunciations present.
AUTOPILOT OVERSPEED RECOVERY (Yellow MAXSPD on PFD)
1. Throttle..................................................................................................... REDUCE
When overspeed condition is corrected:
2. Autopilot ...................................... RESELECT VERTICAL MODE (if necessary)
NOTE
Overspeed recovery mode provides a pitch up command to decelerate the
airplane at or below the maximum autopilot operating speed (165 KIAS).
Overspeed recovery is not active in altitude hold (ALT) or glideslope (GS)
modes.
LOSS OF NAVIGATION INFORMATION (Yellow VOR, VAPP, GPS or
LOC flashing on PFD)
NOTE
If a navigation signal is lost while the autopilot is tracking it, the autopilot will
roll the aircraft wings level and default to roll mode (ROL).
1. Autopilot .......................................................... SELECT HDG on mode controller
2. Nav Source .................................................... SELECT A VALID NAV SOURCE
3. Autopilot ............................................. SELECT NAV or APR on mode controller
If on an instrument approach at the time the navigation signal is lost:
4. Missed Approach Procedure ........................................ EXECUTE (as applicable)
190-00492-10 Rev 8
Diamond DA 40 / DA 40F
3-4
FAA APPROVED AIRPLANE FLIGHT MANUAL SUPPLEMENT
GARMIN G1000 INTEGRATED AVIONICS SYSTEM
WITH GARMIN GFC 700 AUTOPILOT
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40 F
AUTOPILOT OUT OF TRIM (Yellow ←AIL, AIL→, ↑ELE, or ↓ELE on
PFD)
For ↑ELE, or ↓ELE Indication:
WARNING
DO NOT ATTEMPT TO OVERPOWER THE AUTOPILOT IN THE
EVENT OF A PITCH MISTRIM. THE AUTOPILOT SERVOS WILL
OPPOSE PILOT INPUT AND WILL CAUSE PITCH TRIM TO RUN
OPPOSITE THE DIRECTION OF PILOT INPUT. THIS WILL LEAD
TO A SIGNIFICANT OUT-OF-TRIM CONDITION RESULTING IN
LARGE CONTROL STICK FORCE WHEN DISENGAGING THE
AUTOPILOT.
CAUTION
Be prepared for significant sustained control forces in the direction of the
annunciation arrow. For example, an arrow pointing down indicates nose down
control stick force will be required upon autopilot disconnect.
NOTE
Momentary illumination (5 sec or less) of the ↑ELE or ↓ELE indication during
configuration or large airspeed changes is normal.
If the annunciation remains:
1. AP DISC Switch............................................................... DEPRESS AND HOLD
while grasping control stick firmly
2. Aircraft Attitude ........................ MAINTAIN/REGAIN AIRCRAFT CONTROL,
use standby attitude indicator if necessary
3. Pitch Trim .......................................... RETRIM if necessary, using the trim wheel
4. AFCS Circuit Breaker ................................................................................... PULL
5. AP DISC switch ..................................................................................... RELEASE
WARNING
FOLLOWING AN AUTOPILOT, AUTOTRIM OR MANUAL
ELECTRIC TRIM SYSTEM MALFUNCTION, DO NOT ENGAGE THE
AUTOPILOT OR OPERATE THE MANUAL ELECTRIC TRIM UNTIL
THE CAUSE OF THE MALFUNCTION HAS BEEN CORRECTED.
190-00492-10 Rev 8
Diamond DA 40 / DA 40F
3-5
FAA APPROVED AIRPLANE FLIGHT MANUAL SUPPLEMENT
GARMIN G1000 INTEGRATED AVIONICS SYSTEM
WITH GARMIN GFC 700 AUTOPILOT
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40 F
For ←AIL, AIL→ Indication:
1. Rudder Trim ........................................ VERIFY slip/skid indicator is centered
NOTE
Observe the maximum fuel imbalance limitation.
If annunciation remains:
2. Control Stick .............................................. GRASP FIRMLY with both hands
CAUTION
Be prepared for sustained control forces in the direction of the annunciation
arrow. For example, an arrow pointing to the right indicates that sustained right
wing down control stick force will be required upon autopilot disconnect.
3. AP DISC Switch ........................................................................................ DEPRESS
4. Autopilot ........................................ RE-ENGAGE if lateral trim re-established
FLASHING YELLOW MODE ANNUNCIATION
NOTE
Abnormal mode transitions (those not initiated by the pilot or by normal
sequencing of the autopilot) will be annunciated by flashing the disengaged
mode in yellow on the PFD. Upon loss of a selected mode, the system will
revert to the default mode for the affected axis, either ROL or PIT. After 10
seconds, the new mode (PIT or ROL) will be annunciated in green.
Loss of selected vertical mode (FLC, VS, ALT, GS, VPTH, GP)
1. Autopilot mode controls ................ SELECT ANOTHER VERTICAL MODE
If on an instrument approach:
2. Autopilot ............................................. DISCONNECT and continue manually,
or execute missed approach
Loss of selected lateral mode (HDG, NAV, GPS, LOC, VAPP, BC):
1. Autopilot mode controls .................. SELECT ANOTHER LATERAL MODE
If on an instrument approach:
2. Autopilot ............................................. DISCONNECT and continue manually,
or execute missed approach
190-00492-10 Rev 8
Diamond DA 40 / DA 40F
3-6
FAA APPROVED AIRPLANE FLIGHT MANUAL SUPPLEMENT
GARMIN G1000 INTEGRATED AVIONICS SYSTEM
WITH GARMIN GFC 700 AUTOPILOT
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40 F
FAILURE OF THE PREFLIGHT TEST (Red boxed PFT on PFD)
1. AFCS Circuit Breaker .........................................................................PULL
WARNING
DO NOT ATTEMPT TO ENGAGE THE AUTOPILOT OR OPERATE
THE MANUAL ELECTRIC TRIM UNTIL THE CAUSE OF THE
MALFUNCTION HAS BEEN CORRECTED.
NOTE
When the AFCS circuit breaker is pulled, the PFT FAIL annunciation will be
removed and the autopilot and manual electric trim will be unavailable. Do not
reset the circuit breaker unless the airplane is on the ground.
MAXIMUM ALTITUDE LOSS DUE TO AUTOPILOT, FLIGHT
DIRECTOR OR AHRS MALFUNCTIONS:
MANEUVER
Climb, Cruise, Descent
Maneuvering
Approach
ALTITUDE LOSS
200 feet
115 feet
130 feet
3.2.3 ENGINE PROBLEMS IN FLIGHT
(h) High Fuel Flow – (DA 40 only)
Fuel flow in red sector
1.
Fuel pressure ................................. check for red FUEL PRESS LO message
•
If fuel pressure is low (FUEL PRESS LO message), there is possibly a
leak (between the injection system and the injectors). Land at the
nearest available airport.
•
If there is no FUEL PRESS LO message, there is no leak; the likely
cause is a defective fuel flow indication, which should thus be ignored
(the airplane should be serviced). Fuel flow data should be taken from
the engine performance table in Chapter 5 of the AFM.
190-00492-10 Rev 8
Diamond DA 40 / DA 40F
3-7
FAA APPROVED AIRPLANE FLIGHT MANUAL SUPPLEMENT
GARMIN G1000 INTEGRATED AVIONICS SYSTEM
WITH GARMIN GFC 700 AUTOPILOT
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40 F
(g) High Fuel Flow – (DA 40 F only)
1.
Fuel Quantity ................................................................... Check and Monitor
2.
Power Setting ........................................................................................ Check
Land as soon as practical. Consider the reduced range and endurance due to
possible loss of fuel.
NOTE
Have the airplane inspected before next flight.
3.3.3 SMOKE AND FIRE IN FLIGHT
(b) Electrical fire with smoke in flight
1.
Emergency switch ......................................................................... ON if installed
CAUTION
Switching OFF the master switch (ALT/BAT) will lead to total loss of all
electronic and electric equipment, including the AHRS and attitude display.
However, by switching the HORIZON EMERGENCY switch ON, the
emergency battery will supply power to the standby attitude gyro (artificial
horizon) and the flood light.
In case of extreme smoke development, the front canopy may be unlatched
during flight. This allows it to partially open, in order to improve ventilation.
The canopy will remain open in this position. Flight characteristics will not be
affected significantly.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Master switch (ALT/BAT) ........................................................................... OFF
Cabin heat ..................................................................................................... OFF
Emergency window(s) ............................................................................... OPEN
Use standby instruments for airspeed, altitude and attitude reference, if
necessary
Land at the nearest suitable airport as soon as possible
If electronic or avionics equipment is required for continued flight, the
following procedure may be used to isolate the source of the smoke or
fumes:
7.
8.
BAT (battery) switch ..................................................................................... ON
ESS BUS switch ............................................................................................ ON
NOTE
This removes power from the main and avionics busses, and does not allow
alternator operation. See the table at the end of this section for the equipment
which is still available.
190-00492-10 Rev 8
Diamond DA 40 / DA 40F
3-8
FAA APPROVED AIRPLANE FLIGHT MANUAL SUPPLEMENT
GARMIN G1000 INTEGRATED AVIONICS SYSTEM
WITH GARMIN GFC 700 AUTOPILOT
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40 F
If smoke or fumes decrease:
9.
Land at the nearest suitable airport as soon as possible
If smoke or fumes persist:
10. ALT (alternator) switch ................................................................................. ON
11. ESS BUS switch ........................................................................................... OFF
12. BATT and ESS TIE circuit breakers ......................................................... PULL
This removes power from the essential bus and restores power to the
main and avionics busses. See the table at the end of this section for
the equipment which will still be available.
13. Use standby instruments for attitude, airspeed and altitude
14. Refer to Section 3.7.2 (b) of this Supplement, Alternator Failure
15. Land at the nearest suitable airport as soon as possible
The equipment available on Essential Bus only (operating on battery only
and the Essential Bus switch selected) is:
Air Data Computer (airspeed, altitude, vertical speed, OAT, TAS)
Attitude and Heading Reference System (attitude, heading)
PFD (in composite mode)
Pitot Heat
Flaps
COM 1
GPS/NAV 1
Transponder
Landing light
Instrument flood lights
Engine instruments
Starter
Refer to the “Essential Bus” area of the circuit breaker panel for a quick
reference to equipment on the Essential Bus.
Equipment available on the Main and Avionics Busses only:
COM 2
GPS/NAV 2
MFD
Electric fuel pump
Instrument lights
Strobe lights
Position lights
Taxi light
Refer to the “Main Bus” and “Avionics Bus” areas of the circuit breaker panel
for a quick reference to equipment on those busses.
190-00492-10 Rev 8
Diamond DA 40 / DA 40F
3-9
FAA APPROVED AIRPLANE FLIGHT MANUAL SUPPLEMENT
GARMIN G1000 INTEGRATED AVIONICS SYSTEM
WITH GARMIN GFC 700 AUTOPILOT
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40 F
3.7.1 ICING
Unintentional flight into icing conditions
1.
Leave the icing area (by changing altitude or turning back, in order to reach
zones with a higher ambient temperature).
2. Pitot heating ............................................................................................. ON
3. Cabin heat ................................................................................................. ON
4. Air distribution lever............................................................................f(UP)
5. RPM .............................................................. increase, in order to prevent ice
build-up on the propeller blades
6. Alternate Air (DA 40 only) .................................................................. OPEN
6a Carburetor Heat (DA 40 F only) ........................................................... HOT
7. Emergency window(s) ........................................................... open if required
CAUTION
Ice build-up increases the stalling speed. If required for safety reasons,
engine speeds up to 2700 RPM are permissible without time limit.
8.
ATC ......................................................... advise if an emergency is expected
CAUTION
When the pitot heating fails (yellow PITOT FAIL annunciation), and the
alternate static valve is installed:
9.
Alternate static valve ............................................................................ OPEN
10. Emergency window(s) ............................................................................ close
190-00492-10 Rev 8
Diamond DA 40 / DA 40F
3-10
FAA APPROVED AIRPLANE FLIGHT MANUAL SUPPLEMENT
GARMIN G1000 INTEGRATED AVIONICS SYSTEM
WITH GARMIN GFC 700 AUTOPILOT
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40 F
3.7.2 FAILURES IN THE ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
(b) Alternator failure
An alternator failure is indicated by a red ALTERNATOR message and an
ammeter indication of 0 Amps.
1.
2.
Circuit breakers ...................................................................................... Check in
ALT (alternator) switch ................................................................ OFF, then ON
If alternator does not come back on line (message extinguishes and
ammeter indication greater than zero):
3.
4.
5.
ESS BUS switch ............................................................................................ ON
Switch off any non-essential electrical loads.
Land within 30 minutes
If PFD attitude information is lost prior to landing:
6.
HORIZON EMERGENCY Switch................................................................ ON
CAUTION
The following items are available on the Essential Bus:
• PFD in composite (backup) format
• NAV/COM 1
• GPS 1
• Attitude and Heading Reference System (AHRS)
• Air Data Computer
• Pitot heat
• Engine instruments
• Transponder
• Flood light
• Landing light
Refer to the ESSENTIAL BUS area of the circuit breaker panel for a quick
reference to equipment on those busses. These items of equipment can be
supplied with power by the battery for at least 30 minutes. During this 30minute period, the airplane must be landed at a suitable airport. Economical use
of electrical equipment, in particular of pitot heat, and switching off equipment
that is not needed extends the time during which the other equipment remains
available.
190-00492-10 Rev 8
Diamond DA 40 / DA 40F
3-11
FAA APPROVED AIRPLANE FLIGHT MANUAL SUPPLEMENT
GARMIN G1000 INTEGRATED AVIONICS SYSTEM
WITH GARMIN GFC 700 AUTOPILOT
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40 F
For cases in which the battery capacity is not sufficient to reach a suitable
airport, an emergency battery is installed to power the standby attitude gyro and
floodlight. This battery is switched on with the HORIZON EMERGENCY
Switch. It provides power for 1 hour and 30 minutes when the floodlight is
switched on.
3.8 AVIONICS EMERGENCIES
3.8.1 PFD OR MFD DISPLAY FAILURE
a)
DISPLAY BACKUP button on audio panel…PUSH (button shall be OUT)
3.8.1.1 AUTOMATIC ENTRY OF DISPLAY REVERSIONARY MODE
If the PFD and MFD have automatically entered reversionary mode, use the
following procedure:
a)
DISPLAY BACKUP button on audio panel…PUSH (button shall be OUT)
NOTE
After automatic entry of reversionary mode, it is required to press the DISPLAY
BACKUP button on the audio panel. With the DISPLAY BACKUP button
pushed, if the problem causing the automatic entry of reversionary mode is
resolved the system will remain in reversionary mode. A maximum of one
attempt to return to normal mode may be made using the following procedure.
b) DISPLAY BACKUP button on audio panel……PUSH (button shall be IN)
•
If the system returns to normal mode, leave the DISPLAY BACKUP
button in and continue.
•
If the system remains in reversionary mode, or abnormal display
behavior such as display flashing occurs, then return the DISPLAY
BACKUP button to the OUT position.
190-00492-10 Rev 8
Diamond DA 40 / DA 40F
3-12
FAA APPROVED AIRPLANE FLIGHT MANUAL SUPPLEMENT
GARMIN G1000 INTEGRATED AVIONICS SYSTEM
WITH GARMIN GFC 700 AUTOPILOT
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40 F
3.8.2 AHRS FAILURE
NOTE
A failure of the Attitude and Heading Reference System (AHRS) is indicated by
removal of the sky/ground presentation and a red X and a yellow “AHRS
FAILURE” shown on the PFD. The digital heading presentation will be
replaced with a yellow “HDG” and the compass rose digits will be removed.
The course pointer will indicate straight up and course may be set using the
digital window.
1.
2.
Use Standby Attitude Indicator, magnetic compass and Navigation Map
Course .......................................................................... Set using digital window
3.8.3 AIR DATA COMPUTER (ADC) FAILURE
NOTE
Complete loss of the Air Data Computer is indicated by a red X and yellow text
over the airspeed, altimeter, vertical speed, TAS and OAT displays. Some FMS
functions, such as true airspeed and wind calculations, will also be lost.
1.
2.
Use Standby Airspeed Indicator and Altimeter
Land as soon as practical at a suitable airport
3.8.4 ERRONEOUS OR LOSS OF ENGINE AND FUEL DISPLAYS
NOTE
Loss of an engine parameter is indicated by a red X through the data field.
Erroneous information may be identified by indications that do not agree with
other system information. Erroneous indications may be determined by
comparing a display with other displays and other system information.
1.
Set power based on throttle lever position, engine noise, and speed.
2.
Monitor other indications to determine the health of the engine.
3.
Use known power settings from the AFM for approximate fuel flow values.
4.
Use other system information, such as annunciator messages, ENGINE
SYSTEM page, and AUX – TRIP PLANNING page to safely complete the
flight.
190-00492-10 Rev 8
Diamond DA 40 / DA 40F
3-13
FAA APPROVED AIRPLANE FLIGHT MANUAL SUPPLEMENT
GARMIN G1000 INTEGRATED AVIONICS SYSTEM
WITH GARMIN GFC 700 AUTOPILOT
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40 F
3.8.5 ERRONEOUS OR LOSS OF WARNING/CAUTION
ANNUNCIATORS
NOTE
Loss of an annunciator may be indicated when engine or fuel displays show an
abnormal or emergency situation and the annunciator is not present. An
erroneous annunciator may be identified when an annunciator appears which
does not agree with other displays or system information.
1.
If an annunciator appears, treat it as if the condition exists. Refer to the
AFM Emergency or Abnormal procedures or the procedures contained in
this AFMS.
2.
If a display indicates an abnormal condition but no annunciator is present,
use other system information, such as engine displays, ENGINE SYSTEM
page, GAL REM and FFLOW GPH displays, to determine if the condition
exists. If it cannot be determined that the condition does not exist, treat the
situation as if the condition exists. Refer to the AFM Emergency or
Abnormal procedures or the procedures contained in this AFMS.
190-00492-10 Rev 8
Diamond DA 40 / DA 40F
3-14
FAA APPROVED AIRPLANE FLIGHT MANUAL SUPPLEMENT
GARMIN G1000 INTEGRATED AVIONICS SYSTEM
WITH GARMIN GFC 700 AUTOPILOT
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40 F
SECTION 4A
NORMAL PROCEDURES
NOTE
Readability of the PFD and MFD displays may be degraded when wearing
polarized sunglasses.
1.
DETAILED OPERATING PROCEDURES
Normal operating procedures for the G1000 and GFC 700 are described in the
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide and the Garmin G1000 Pilot's Guide.
PRE-FLIGHT INSPECTION
I. Cabin check
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)
g)
MET, NAV, Mass & CG ............................................. flight planning complete
Airplane documents ...................................................... complete and up-to-date
Ignition key .......................................................................................... pulled out
Front canopy & rear door ....................................................... clean, undamaged
All electrical equipment ................................................................................ OFF
Circuit breakers .............................. set in (if one has been pulled, check reason)
Engine control levers ............................ check condition, freedom of movement
Full travel of throttle,
Full Travel of RPM (DA 40 only)
Full Travel of mixture lever
h) Throttle ....................................................................................................... IDLE
i) Mixture control lever ................................................................................ LEAN
j) RPM lever (DA 40 only) .................................................................. HIGH RPM
k) Carburetor Heat (DA 40 F only) .............................................................. COLD
l) BAT (battery) switch ..................................................................................... ON
m) Fuel Quantity ....................................................................check fuel qty. on EIS
check with fuel qty. measuring device
190-00492-10 Rev 8
Diamond DA 40 / DA 40F
4A-1
FAA APPROVED AIRPLANE FLIGHT MANUAL SUPPLEMENT
GARMIN G1000 INTEGRATED AVIONICS SYSTEM
WITH GARMIN GFC 700 AUTOPILOT
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40 F
NOTE
FOR STANDARD TANKS, when the fuel quantity indicator reads 17 US
gal the correct fuel quantity must be determined with the fuel quantity
measuring device. If this measurement is not carried out, the fuel quantity
available for flight planning is 17 US gal.
FOR LONG RANGE TANKS, when the fuel indicator reads 16 US gal
the correct fuel quantity must be determined with the fuel quantity measuring
device. There are 3 US gal of ungauged fuel from 16 to 19 US gal. If this
measurement is not carried out, the fuel quantity available for flight planning is
16 US gal.
n)
o)
p)
q)
r)
Position lights, strobe light (ACL’s) ........................................................... check
BAT (battery) switch .................................................................................... OFF
Check for loose items ............................................................................complete
Flight controls and trim................................................. free to move and correct
Baggage .................................................................................. stowed and secure
NOTE
Refer to DA 40 and DA 40 F AFMs to complete the Walk-Around check, visual
inspection
BEFORE STARTING ENGINE
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
Preflight inspection ............................................................................... Complete
Rudder pedals ..................................................................... Adjusted and locked
Passengers ............................................................................................ Instructed
Safety Harnesses ................................................................... All on and fastened
Rear door ................................................................................ Closed and locked
Door lock (if installed)................................................. Unblocked, key removed
Front canopy ....................................................... Position 1 or 2 (“cooling gap”)
Canopy lock (if installed) ............................................ Unblocked, key removed
Parking brake .................................................................................................. Set
Flight controls .................................Freedom of movement and proper direction
Trim wheel ..................................................................................................... T/O
Friction device, throttle quadrant ........................................................... Adjusted
Throttle ....................................................................................................... IDLE
Mixture control lever ................................................................................ LEAN
RPM lever (DA 40 only) ................................................................. HIGH RPM
Carburetor heat (DA 40 F only) ............................................................... COLD
Alternate air (DA 40 only) ....................................................................CLOSED
Alternate Static Valve ........................................................ CLOSED, if installed
190-00492-10 Rev 8
Diamond DA 40 / DA 40F
4A-2
FAA APPROVED AIRPLANE FLIGHT MANUAL SUPPLEMENT
GARMIN G1000 INTEGRATED AVIONICS SYSTEM
WITH GARMIN GFC 700 AUTOPILOT
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40 F
19. Avionics master switch ................................................................................. OFF
20. Essential Bus switch ..................................................................................... OFF
CAUTION
When the essential bus is switched ON, the battery will not be charged unless
the essential tie relay bypass (OAM 40-126) is installed.
21. BAT (battery) switch ..................................................................................... ON
22. Fuel tank selector .......................................................................... on fullest tank
WARNING
Never move the propeller by hand while the ignition is switched on, as it may
result in serious personal injury.
Never try to start the engine by hand.
STARTING ENGINE (DA 40 only)
(a) Cold engine
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Strobe light (ACL) ......................................................................................... ON
Electrical fuel pump ........................................................... ON, note pump noise
(=functional check of pump)
Throttle ........................................................... 3 cm (1.2 in) forward from IDLE
(measured from rear of slot)
Mixture control lever ........................................ RICH for 3 – 5 sec, then LEAN
Throttle ........................................................... 1 cm (0.4 in) forward from IDLE
(measured from rear of slot)
WARNING
Before starting the engine, the pilot must ensure that the propeller area is free,
and no persons can be endangered.
CAUTION
Do not overheat the starter motor. Do not operate the starter motor for more
than 10 seconds. After operating the starter motor, let it cool off for 20 seconds.
After 6 attempts to start the engine, let the starter cool for 30 minutes before
further start attempts.
CAUTION
The use of an external pre-heater and external power source is recommended
whenever possible, in particular at ambient temperatures below 0°C (32°F), to
reduce wear and abuse to the engine and electrical system. Pre-heat will thaw
the oil trapped in the oil cooler, which can be congealed in extremely cold
temperatures. After a warm-up period of approximately 2 to 5 minutes
(depending on the ambient temperature) at 1500 RPM, the engine is ready for
takeoff if it accelerates smoothly and the oil pressure is normal and steady.
6.
Ignition Switch........................................................................................ START
190-00492-10 Rev 8
Diamond DA 40 / DA 40F
4A-3
FAA APPROVED AIRPLANE FLIGHT MANUAL SUPPLEMENT
GARMIN G1000 INTEGRATED AVIONICS SYSTEM
WITH GARMIN GFC 700 AUTOPILOT
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40 F
When engine starts:
7.
8.
9.
Mixture control lever ....................................................... rapidly move to RICH
Oil pressure ..................................................................... green arc within 15 sec
Electrical fuel pump ...................................................................................... OFF
WARNING
If the oil pressure has not moved into the green arc within 15 seconds after
starting, SWITCH OFF ENGINE and investigate problem.
10.
11.
12.
13.
ALT (alternator) switch ................................................................................. ON
Ammeter .................................................................................................... Check
Fuel pressure ...................................................... Check no messages illuminated
Annunciator section of PFD ...................................................................... Check
(b) Warm engine
1. Strobe light (ACL) ......................................................................................... ON
2. Electrical fuel pump ........................................................... ON, note pump noise
(=functional check of pump)
3. Throttle ........................................................... 3 cm (1.2 in) forward from IDLE
(measured from rear of slot)
4. Mixture control lever ......................................... RICH for 1 - 3 sec, then LEAN
WARNING
Before starting the engine, the pilot must ensure that the propeller area is free,
and no persons can be endangered.
CAUTION
Do not overheat the starter motor. Do not operate the starter motor for more
than 10 seconds. After operating the starter motor, let it cool off for 20 seconds.
After 6 attempts to start the engine, let the starter cool for 30 minutes before
further start attempts.
5.
Ignition switch ........................................................................................ START
When engine starts:
6.
Mixture control lever ....................................................... rapidly move to RICH
7.
Oil pressure ..................................................................... green arc within 15 sec
WARNING
If the oil pressure has not moved into the green arc within 15 seconds after
starting, SWITCH OFF ENGINE and investigate problem.
8.
Electrical fuel pump ...................................................................................... OFF
9.
ALT (alternator) switch ................................................................................. ON
10. Ammeter .................................................................................................... Check
190-00492-10 Rev 8
Diamond DA 40 / DA 40F
4A-4
FAA APPROVED AIRPLANE FLIGHT MANUAL SUPPLEMENT
GARMIN G1000 INTEGRATED AVIONICS SYSTEM
WITH GARMIN GFC 700 AUTOPILOT
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40 F
11. Fuel pressure ...................................................... Check no messages illuminated
12. Annunciator section of PFD ...................................................................... Check
(b) Engine will not start after injection (”flooded engine”) Warm engine
1.
2.
3.
4.
Strobe light (ACL) ......................................................................................... ON
Electrical fuel pump ........................................................... ON, note pump noise
(=Functional check of pump)
Mixture control lever .................................................................. LEAN, fully aft
Throttle ........................................................................................ at mid position
WARNING
Before starting the engine, the pilot must ensure that the propeller area is free,
and no persons can be endangered.
CAUTION
Do not overheat the starter motor. Do not operate the starter motor for more
than 10 seconds. After operating the starter motor, let it cool off for 20 seconds.
After 6 attempts to start the engine, let the starter cool for 30 minutes before
further start attempts.
5.
6.
Ignition switch ........................................................................................ START
Throttle ........................................... pull back towards IDLE when engine starts
When engine starts:
7.
8.
Mixture control lever ........................................................ rapidly move to RICH
Oil pressure ...................................................................... green arc within 15 sec
WARNING
If the oil pressure has not moved into the green arc within 15 seconds after
starting, SWITCH OFF ENGINE and investigate problem.
9.
10.
11.
12.
ALT (alternator) switch ................................................................................. ON
Ammeter .................................................................................................... Check
Fuel pressure ...................................................... Check no messages illuminated
Annunciator section of PFD ...................................................................... Check
190-00492-10 Rev 8
Diamond DA 40 / DA 40F
4A-5
FAA APPROVED AIRPLANE FLIGHT MANUAL SUPPLEMENT
GARMIN G1000 INTEGRATED AVIONICS SYSTEM
WITH GARMIN GFC 700 AUTOPILOT
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40 F
STARTING ENGINE (DA 40 F only)
(a) Cold engine
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Strobe light (ACL) ......................................................................................... ON
Mixture ............................................................................................. fully RICH
Electrical fuel pump ........................................................... ON, note pump noise
(=functional check of pump)
Throttle ................................................................... ¼ travel forward from IDLE
Prime ..................................................................... 1 – 4 seconds (electric pump)
WARNING
Use the primer system to prepare the engine for a starting attempt. Do not use
the throttle to pump fuel through the carburetor to the engine for priming since
this may lead to carburetor fire. The primer system delivers fuel to the cylinders
directly.
CAUTION
The priming system is not intended for operation in flight.
WARNING
Before starting the engine, the pilot must ensure that the propeller area is free,
and no persons can be endangered.
CAUTION
Do not overheat the starter motor. Do not operate the starter motor for more
than 10 seconds. After operating the starter motor, let it cool off for 20 seconds.
After 6 attempts to start the engine, let the starter cool for 30 minutes before
further start attempts.
CAUTION
The use of an external pre-heater and external power source is recommended
whenever possible, in particular at ambient temperatures below 0°C (32°F), to
reduce wear and abuse to the engine and electrical system. Pre-heat will thaw
the oil trapped in the oil cooler, which can be congealed in extremely cold
temperatures. After a warm-up period of approximately 2 to 5 minutes
(depending on the ambient temperature) at 1500 RPM, the engine is ready for
takeoff if it accelerates smoothly and the oil pressure is normal and steady.
6.
Starter ........................................................................................................ engage
190-00492-10 Rev 8
Diamond DA 40 / DA 40F
4A-6
FAA APPROVED AIRPLANE FLIGHT MANUAL SUPPLEMENT
GARMIN G1000 INTEGRATED AVIONICS SYSTEM
WITH GARMIN GFC 700 AUTOPILOT
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40 F
When engine starts:
7. Oil pressure ...................................................................... green arc within 15 sec
8. Throttle .......................................................................................... set 1000 RPM
9. Electrical fuel pump ...................................................................................... OFF
WARNING
If the oil pressure has not moved into the green arc within 15 seconds after
starting, SWITCH OFF THE ENGINE and investigate problem.
10. ALT (alternator) switch ................................................................................. ON
11. Ammeter .................................................................................................... Check
12. Annunciator section of PFD ...................................................................... Check
(b) Warm engine
1.
2.
3.
4.
Strobe light (ACL) ......................................................................................... ON
Mixture ............................................................................................. fully RICH
Electrical fuel pump ........................................................... ON, note pump noise
(=functional check of pump)
Throttle ................................................................... ¼ travel forward from IDLE
WARNING
Before starting the engine, the pilot must ensure that the propeller area is free,
and no persons can be endangered.
CAUTION
Do not overheat the starter motor. Do not operate the starter motor for more
than 10 seconds. After operating the starter motor, let it cool off for 20 seconds.
After 6 attempts to start the engine, let the starter cool for 30 minutes before
further start attempts.
5.
Starter ........................................................................................................ engage
When engine starts:
6.
7.
8.
Oil pressure ...................................................................... green arc within 15 sec
Throttle .......................................................................................... set 1000 RPM
Electrical fuel pump ...................................................................................... OFF
WARNING
If the oil pressure has not moved into the green arc within 15 seconds after
starting, SWITCH OFF THE ENGINE and investigate problem.
9. Master switch (ALT) ..................................................................................... ON
10. Ammeter .................................................................................................... Check
11. Annunciator section of PFD ...................................................................... Check
190-00492-10 Rev 8
Diamond DA 40 / DA 40F
4A-7
FAA APPROVED AIRPLANE FLIGHT MANUAL SUPPLEMENT
GARMIN G1000 INTEGRATED AVIONICS SYSTEM
WITH GARMIN GFC 700 AUTOPILOT
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40 F
(c) Engine will not start after priming (”flooded engine”)
1.
2.
3.
4.
Strobe light (ACL) ......................................................................................... ON
Electrical fuel pump ...................................................................................... OFF
Mixture ...................................................................................... LEAN, fully aft
Throttle ............................................................................................. MAX PWR
WARNING
Before starting the engine, the pilot must ensure that the propeller area is free,
and no persons can be endangered.
CAUTION
Do not overheat the starter motor. Do not operate the starter motor for more
than 10 seconds. After operating the starter motor, let it cool off for 20 seconds.
After 6 attempts to start the engine, let the starter cool for 30 minutes before
further start attempts.
5.
Starter ........................................................................................................ engage
When engine starts:
6.
7.
Throttle ............................................ pull back towards IDLE when engine fires
Oil pressure ..................................................................... green arc within 15 sec
WARNING
If the oil pressure has not moved into the green arc within 15 seconds after
starting, SWITCH OFF THE ENGINE and investigate problem.
8.
9.
10.
11.
Throttle ......................................................................................... set 1000 RPM
ALT (alternator) switch ................................................................................. ON
Ammeter .................................................................................................... Check
Annunciator section of PFD ...................................................................... Check
190-00492-10 Rev 8
Diamond DA 40 / DA 40F
4A-8
FAA APPROVED AIRPLANE FLIGHT MANUAL SUPPLEMENT
GARMIN G1000 INTEGRATED AVIONICS SYSTEM
WITH GARMIN GFC 700 AUTOPILOT
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40 F
BEFORE TAXIING
1.
2.
3.
Avionics master switch .................................................................................. ON
Electrical equipment .....................................................................On as required
Flaps............................................................................... UP – T/O – LDG – T/O
(indicator and visual check)
4. Flight instruments and avionics ............................. set, test function, as required
(set both altimeters)
5. Flood light ............................................................. ON, test function, as required
6. Ammeter ........................................................... check, if required increase RPM
7. Fuel tank selector ........................................... change tanks, confirm that engine
also runs on other tank (at least 1
minute at 1500 RPM)
8. Pitot heating ...........................................................................ON, test function –
............................................................... (no yellow PITOT FAIL annunciation)
9. Pitot heating .......................................................................... OFF if not required
..................................................................... (yellow PITOT OFF annunciation)
10. Strobe lights (ACLs) ..................................................... check ON, test function,
........................................................................................................... as required
11. Position lights, landing and taxi lights .................. ON, test function, as required
CAUTION
When taxiing at close range to other aircraft, or during night flight in clouds,
fog or haze, the strobe lights should be switched OFF. The position lights must
always be switched ON during night flight.
12. Idle RPM ........................................................................ check, 600 to 800 RPM
NOTE
The GFC 700 AFCS system automatically conducts a preflight self-test upon
initial power application. The preflight test is indicated by a white boxed PFT
on the PFD. Upon successful completion of the preflight test, the PFT is
removed, the red AFCS annunciation is removed, and the autopilot disconnect
tone sounds.
13. Primary Flight Display (PFD) ............... NO AUTOPILOT ANNUNCIATIONS
14. Autopilot Disconnect Tone ....................................................................... NOTE
15. Autopilot .......................................................... CHECK Pilot’s AP DISC button
a. Press AP to engage autopilot.
b. Press Pilot’s AP DISC button. Verify autopilot disconnects.
c. Press FD to remove flight director as desired.
d. Set trim to T/O.
190-00492-10 Rev 8
Diamond DA 40 / DA 40F
4A-9
FAA APPROVED AIRPLANE FLIGHT MANUAL SUPPLEMENT
GARMIN G1000 INTEGRATED AVIONICS SYSTEM
WITH GARMIN GFC 700 AUTOPILOT
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40 F
BEFORE TAKE-OFF
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Position airplane into wind if possible
Parking brake ................................................................................................... set
Safety harnesses .......................................................................... on and fastened
Rear door ...................................................................... check closed and locked
Front canopy ............................................................................closed and locked
CAUTION
When operating the canopy, pilots / operators must ensure that there are no
obstructions between the canopy and the mating frame, for example seat belts,
clothing, etc. When operating the locking handle do NOT apply undue force.
A slight downward pressure on the canopy may be required to ease the handle
operation.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
Door warning light (DOOR OPEN) .................. Check no messages illuminated
Fuel tank selector ............................................................................... fullest tank
Engine instruments ....................................................................... in green sector
Circuit breakers .................................................................................... pressed in
Fuel pressure ...................................................... Check no messages illuminated
Electric fuel pump .......................................................................................... ON
Mixture control lever ........................................................ RICH (below 5000 ft)
NOTE
At a density altitude of 5000 ft or above or at high ambient temperatures, a fully
rich mixture can cause rough running of the engine or a loss of performance.
The mixture should be set for smooth running engine.
13.
14.
15.
16.
Flaps.................................................................................................... check T/O
Trim .................................................................................................... check T/O
Flight controls ........................................................free movement, correct sense
Throttle ................................................................................ 2000 RPM (DA 40)
1800 RPM (DA 40 F)
17. Magneto check ...................................................................... L-BOTH-R-BOTH
Max. RPM drop ..........175 RPM
Max. difference .............50 RPM
CAUTION
The lack of an RPM drop suggests a faulty ground or incorrect ignition timing.
In case of doubt the magneto check can be repeated with a leaner mixture, in
order to confirm a problem. Even when running on only one magneto the
engine should not run unduly roughly.
190-00492-10 Rev 8
Diamond DA 40 / DA 40F
4A-10
FAA APPROVED AIRPLANE FLIGHT MANUAL SUPPLEMENT
GARMIN G1000 INTEGRATED AVIONICS SYSTEM
WITH GARMIN GFC 700 AUTOPILOT
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40 F
18. RPM lever (DA 40 only) ...................................... pull back until a drop of max.
500 RPM is reached – HIGH RPM;
Cycle 3 times
18a Carburetor Heat (DA 40 F only) ...................................................check function
18b Throttle (DA 40 F only) ................................ MAX PWR, minimum 2200 RPM
NOTE (DA 40 F only)
The result of the ground check at full throttle depends on a number of
environmental factors, e.g. temperature, ambient air pressure and in particular
head or tailwind components. Headwind will cause a higher RPM than
tailwind.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
Throttle ......................................................................................... set 1000 RPM
Carburetor Heat (DA 40 F only) ..................................................... check COLD
Alternate Air (DA 40 only) ........................................................ check CLOSED
Flight Plan ................................................................................................ entered
Altimeter setting ................................................................................checked/set
(G1000 and standby altimeter)
Altitude preselector .......................................................................................... set
Radios ......................................................................................... set and checked
Transponder ............................................................................................ code set
Standby attitude gyro ................................................................ erect and no flag
Parking brake ............................................................................................ release
Landing light ................................................................................ ON as required
190-00492-10 Rev 8
Diamond DA 40 / DA 40F
4A-11
FAA APPROVED AIRPLANE FLIGHT MANUAL SUPPLEMENT
GARMIN G1000 INTEGRATED AVIONICS SYSTEM
WITH GARMIN GFC 700 AUTOPILOT
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40 F
AFTER TAKEOFF – GFC 700 NORMAL PROCEDURES
WARNING
IT IS THE RESPONSIBILITY OF THE PILOT IN COMMAND TO
MONITOR THE AUTOPILOT WHEN IT IS ENGAGED. THE PILOT
SHOULD BE PREPARED TO IMMEDIATELY DISCONNECT THE
AUTOPILOT AND TO TAKE PROMPT CORRECTIVE ACTION IN
THE EVENT OF UNEXPECTED OR UNUSUAL AUTOPILOT
BEHAVIOR.
DO NOT ATTEMPT TO MANUALLY FLY THE AIRPLANE WITH
THE AUTOPILOT ENGAGED. THE AUTOPILOT SERVOS WILL
OPPOSE PILOT INPUT AND WILL TRIM OPPOSITE THE
DIRECTION OF PILOT INPUT (PITCH AXIS ONLY). THIS COULD
LEAD
TO
A
SIGNIFICANT
OUT-OF-TRIM
CONDITION.
DISCONNECT THE AUTOPILOT IF MANUAL CONTROL IS
DESIRED.
THE PILOT IN COMMAND MUST USE PROPER AUTOPILOT
MODES AND PROPER ENGINE POWER SETTINGS TO ENSURE
THAT AIRCRAFT SPEED IS MAINTAINED BETWEEN 70 KIAS AND
165 KIAS. IT WILL BE NECESSARY TO CHANGE ENGINE POWER
TO MAINTAIN THE DESIRED RATE OF DESCENT WHEN
OPERATING AT 165 KIAS.
OBSERVE THE MINIMUM AUTOPILOT OPERATING SPEED OF 70
KIAS. OPERATION IN PITCH (PIT), VERTICAL SPEED (VS), OR
ALTITUDE HOLD (ALT) MODES BELOW THIS SPEED CAN RESULT
IN AN AIRPLANE STALL. IF INDICATIONS OF AN AIRPLANE
STALL ARE PRESENT, INCLUDING STALL WARNING HORN, LOSS
OF CONTROL EFFECTIVENESS OR AIRFRAME BUFFET,
DISCONNECT THE AUTOPILOT AND MANUALLY RETURN THE
AIRPLANE TO STABILIZED FLIGHT PRIOR TO RE-ENGAGING
THE AUTOPILOT.
NOTE
The NOSE UP and NOSE DN buttons on the mode controller on the MFD are
referenced to aircraft movement. The NOSE UP button will increase the
reference pitch attitude, increase the reference vertical speed and decrease the
reference airspeed. Likewise, the NOSE DN button will decrease the reference
pitch attitude, decrease the reference vertical speed, and increase the reference
airspeed.
190-00492-10 Rev 8
Diamond DA 40 / DA 40F
4A-12
FAA APPROVED AIRPLANE FLIGHT MANUAL SUPPLEMENT
GARMIN G1000 INTEGRATED AVIONICS SYSTEM
WITH GARMIN GFC 700 AUTOPILOT
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40 F
CLIMB, CRUISE and DESCENT:
Vertical Speed (VS):
1. Altitude Preselect ........................................................... SET to desired altitude
2. Mode Controller ............................................. SELECT VS on mode controller
3. Vertical Speed Reference ....ADJUST using NOSE UP and NOSE DN buttons
4. White ALT (altitude preselect armed) ....................................... NOTE on PFD
5. Green ALT ....................................... VERIFY UPON ALTITUDE CAPTURE
NOTE
The vertical speed mode is limited to 1,500 ft/min climb and 3,000 ft/minute
descent. Use engine power to maintain appropriate aircraft speed. If the CWS
switch is used while in VS mode, the VS reference will change to the vertical
speed existing when the CWS switch is released.
Flight Level Change (FLC):
1. Altitude Preselect ........................................................... SET to desired altitude
2. Mode Controller .......................................... SELECT FLC on mode controller
3. Airspeed Reference .............ADJUST using NOSE UP and NOSE DN buttons
4. White ALT (altitude preselect armed) ....................................... NOTE on PFD
5. Green ALT ....................................... VERIFY UPON ALTITUDE CAPTURE
NOTE
If the airspeed reference cannot be maintained without deviating away from the
selected altitude, the system will maintain level flight until the power or
reference is changed to allow climbing or descending towards the selected
altitude.
The FLC mode is limited to airspeeds between 70 KIAS and 165 KIAS. Use
engine power to maintain appropriate vertical speed. If the CWS switch is used
while in FLC mode, the airspeed reference will change to the airspeed existing
when the CWS switch is released.
Altitude Hold (ALT):
To capture a selected altitude:
1. Altimeter Setting ................................. ADJUST TO APPROPRIATE VALUE
2. Altitude Preselect ........................................... SET TO DESIRED ALTITUDE
3. Vertical Mode and Reference .............................. SELECT on mode controller
4. White ALT (altitude preselect armed) ....................................... NOTE on PFD
5. Green ALT ....................................... VERIFY UPON ALTITUDE CAPTURE
190-00492-10 Rev 8
Diamond DA 40 / DA 40F
4A-13
FAA APPROVED AIRPLANE FLIGHT MANUAL SUPPLEMENT
GARMIN G1000 INTEGRATED AVIONICS SYSTEM
WITH GARMIN GFC 700 AUTOPILOT
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40 F
NOTE
In ALT mode, the autopilot will maintain the reference altitude shown in the
autopilot window of the PFD regardless of the altitude in the altitude preselect
window or the altimeter’s barometric pressure setting. If the altimeter setting is
changed, the autopilot will climb or descend to maintain the reference altitude.
Altitude Hold (ALT):
To maintain a desired altitude:
1. Altimeter Setting ................................. ADJUST TO APPROPRIATE VALUE
2. Reaching desired altitude ............................. SELECT ALT on mode controller
3. Green ALT ..............................................................................VERIFY on PFD
Vertical Path (VPTH): (If equipped with optional GDU 1044)
1. Navigation Source............................. SELECT GPS using CDI button on PFD
2. MFD flight plan page ..........................................Enter Desired Vertical Profile
3. Altitude Preselect ........................................... SET TO DESIRED ALTITUDE
4. Mode Controller .......................................... SELECT VNV on mode controller
5. White VPTH (Vertical Path armed) ........................................... NOTE on PFD
6. Green VPTH ......................... VERIFY UPON VERTICAL PATH CAPTURE
NOTE
If VNV is pressed and VPTH is armed prior to 5 minutes time to top of descent,
VPTH will flash in white at 1 minute prior to top of descent. The pilot must
acknowledge the flashing by pressing VPTH again.
Navigation Capture and Track:
1. Navigation Source.......SELECT VOR/LOC or GPS using CDI button on PFD
2. Course Bearing Pointer ...... SET using course knob (VOR or OBS mode only)
3. Intercept Heading .................ESTABLISH in HDG or ROL mode (if required)
4. Mode Controller .......................................... SELECT NAV on mode controller
5. Green or White VOR or GPS annunciation ............................... NOTE on PFD
6. Vertical Mode and Reference .............................. SELECT on mode controller
NOTE
If the Course Deviation Indicator (CDI) is greater than one dot from center, the
autopilot will arm the NAV mode and indicate VOR or GPS in white on the
PFD. The pilot must ensure that the current heading will result in a capture of
the selected course. If the CDI is one dot or less from center, the autopilot will
enter the capture mode when the NAV button is pressed and annunciate VOR or
GPS in green on the PFD.
190-00492-10 Rev 8
Diamond DA 40 / DA 40F
4A-14
FAA APPROVED AIRPLANE FLIGHT MANUAL SUPPLEMENT
GARMIN G1000 INTEGRATED AVIONICS SYSTEM
WITH GARMIN GFC 700 AUTOPILOT
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40 F
APPROACH:
VOR
1. Navigation Source............................ SELECT VOR using CDI button on PFD
2. Course Bearing Pointer ................................................. SET using course knob
3. Intercept Heading .................ESTABLISH in HDG or ROL mode (if required)
4. Mode Controller ........................................... SELECT APR on mode controller
5. Green or White VAPP annunciation .......................................... NOTE on PFD
6. Vertical Mode and Reference .............................. SELECT on mode controller
7. Airspeed .................... MAINTAIN 80 KIAS OR GREATER (Recommended)
NOTE
If the Course Deviation Indicator (CDI) is greater than one dot from center, the
autopilot will arm the VAPP mode and indicate VAPP in white on the PFD.
The pilot must ensure that the current heading will result in a capture of the
selected course. If the CDI is one dot or less from center, the autopilot will
enter the capture mode when the APR button is pressed and annunciate VAPP
in green on the PFD.
ILS/LOC
1. Navigation Source............................. SELECT LOC using CDI button on PFD
2. Course Bearing Pointer ................................................. SET using course knob
3. Intercept Heading .................ESTABLISH in HDG or ROL mode (if required)
4. Mode Controller ........................................... SELECT APR on mode controller
5. Green or White LOC and GS annunciations .............................. NOTE on PFD
6. Airspeed .................... MAINTAIN 80 KIAS OR GREATER (Recommended)
NOTE
When the selected navigation source is a valid ILS, glideslope coupling is
automatically armed when tracking the localizer. The glideslope cannot be
captured until the localizer is captured. The autopilot can capture the glideslope
from above or below the glideslope. If GS coupling is not desired it may be
disabled by selecting NAV mode rather than APR mode.
GPS: LNAV
1. Navigation Source............................. SELECT GPS using CDI button on PFD
2. Approach ........................................................ LOAD in FMS and ACTIVATE
3. Intercept Heading .................ESTABLISH in HDG or ROL mode (if required)
4. Mode Controller ........................................... SELECT APR on mode controller
5. Green or White GPS annunciation ............................................. NOTE on PFD
6. Vertical Mode and Reference .............................. SELECT on mode controller
190-00492-10 Rev 8
Diamond DA 40 / DA 40F
4A-15
FAA APPROVED AIRPLANE FLIGHT MANUAL SUPPLEMENT
GARMIN G1000 INTEGRATED AVIONICS SYSTEM
WITH GARMIN GFC 700 AUTOPILOT
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40 F
7. Airspeed .................... MAINTAIN 80 KIAS OR GREATER (Recommended)
GPS: LPV, LNAV/VNAV, LNAV+V (If equipped with optional GIA 63W GIA
units)
1. Navigation Source............................. SELECT GPS using CDI button on PFD
2. Approach ........................................................ LOAD in FMS and ACTIVATE
3. Intercept Heading .................ESTABLISH in HDG or ROL mode (if required)
4. Mode Controller ........................................... SELECT APR on mode controller
5. Green or White GPS annunciation ............................................. NOTE on PFD
6. Green or White GP annunciation ............................................... NOTE on PFD
7. Airspeed .................... MAINTAIN 80 KIAS OR GREATER (Recommended)
Localizer Back Course (BC)
1. Navigation Source............................. SELECT LOC using CDI button on PFD
2. Course Bearing Pointer .................. SET to ILS front course using course knob
3. Intercept Heading .................ESTABLISH in HDG or ROL mode (if required)
4. Mode Controller .......................................... SELECT NAV on mode controller
5. Green or White BC annunciation ............................................... NOTE on PFD
NOTE
The course pointer must be at least 105° from the current magnetic heading
before BC will be annunciated in the lateral mode field. Until that point, LOC
will be annunciated.
Selecting NAV mode for back course approaches inhibits the glideslope from
coupling.
6. Vertical Mode and Reference .............................. SELECT on mode controller
7. Airspeed .................... MAINTAIN 80 KIAS OR GREATER (Recommended)
GO AROUND
1. Control Stick ......................................................................... GRASP FIRMLY
2. GA button ....................................................... PUSH – Verify GA/GA on PFD
in lateral and vertical mode fields
(autopilot will disconnect but flight director will still be available.)
3. Balked Landing ................................................................................ EXECUTE
4. Missed Approach Procedure .................................... EXECUTE (as applicable)
5. Altitude Preselect .................................................... SET to appropriate altitude
At an appropriate safe altitude:
6. Autopilot Mode Controller ................ SELECT appropriate lateral and vertical
modes on mode controller
190-00492-10 Rev 8
Diamond DA 40 / DA 40F
4A-16
FAA APPROVED AIRPLANE FLIGHT MANUAL SUPPLEMENT
GARMIN G1000 INTEGRATED AVIONICS SYSTEM
WITH GARMIN GFC 700 AUTOPILOT
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40 F
7. Autopilot ......................................................................RE-ENGAGE if desired
NOTE
If the missed approach procedure requires tracking the localizer outbound from
the airport, use NAV mode to prevent inadvertent coupling to glideslope.
AFTER TAKEOFF – TAWS NORMAL PROCEDURES
(If Optional TAWS system is installed)
TAWS CAUTION
When a TAWS CAUTION occurs, take positive corrective action until the alert
ceases. Stop descending or initiate either a climb or a turn, or both, as
necessary, based on analysis of all available instruments and information.
TAWS WARNING
If a TAWS WARNING occurs, immediately initiate and continue a climb that
will provide maximum terrain clearance, or any similar approved vertical terrain
escape maneuver, until all alerts cease. Only vertical maneuvers are
recommended, unless either operating in visual meteorological conditions
(VMC), or the pilot determines, based on all available information, that turning
in addition to the escape maneuver is the safest course of action, or both.
TAWS INHIBIT
The TAWS Forward Looking Terrain Avoidance (FLTA) and Premature
Descent Alerts (PDA) functions may be inhibited to stop alerting for acceptable
flight conditions (such as below glideslope maneuvers). For detailed operating
instructions regarding the G1000 TAWS Option, refer to the Garmin DA 40/DA
40F Pilot’s Guide.
190-00492-10 Rev 8
Diamond DA 40 / DA 40F
4A-17
FAA APPROVED AIRPLANE FLIGHT MANUAL SUPPLEMENT
GARMIN G1000 INTEGRATED AVIONICS SYSTEM
WITH GARMIN GFC 700 AUTOPILOT
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40 F
SECTION 4B
ABNORMAL PROCEDURES
4B.3 FAILURES IN THE ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
(a) Low voltage caution (LOW VOLTS)
This caution is indicated when the normal on-board (bus) voltage (28V) drops
below 24V.
Possible reasons are:
-A fault in the power supply
-RPM is too low
(i) Low voltage caution on the ground:
1.
2.
3.
Engine speed ....................................................................................... 1200 RPM
Electrical equipment ..................................................................................... OFF
Ammeter and voltmeter .............................................................................. check
If the caution message does not extinguish, and the ammeter gauge legend
flashes and the ammeter gauge reads zero, discontinue the flight.
(ii) Low voltage caution during flight:
1. Electrical equipment ............................................................... OFF if not needed
2. Ammeter and voltmeter .............................................................................. check
If the caution message does not go out, and the ammeter legend flashes and the
ammeter gauge reads zero, follow procedure 3.7.2(b) – Alternator Failure, in
this Supplement.
(iii) Low voltage caution during landing:
-Follow (i) after landing
190-00492-10 Rev 8
Diamond DA 40 / DA 40F
4B-1
FAA APPROVED AIRPLANE FLIGHT MANUAL SUPPLEMENT
GARMIN G1000 INTEGRATED AVIONICS SYSTEM
WITH GARMIN GFC 700 AUTOPILOT
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40 F
AVIONICS COOLING FAN FAILURES
NOTE
These caution messages are indicated when a cooling fan has failed. The
avionics may overheat, especially in hot temperatures.
(a) PFD FAN FAIL caution
ON GROUND:
1. Do not takeoff in night or in instrument meteorological conditions.
IN FLIGHT:
1. Monitor for PFD OVERHEAT caution message.
(b) MFD FAN FAIL caution
ON GROUND:
1. Do not takeoff in night or in instrument meteorological conditions.
IN FLIGHT:
1. Monitor for MFD OVERHEAT caution message.
(c) GIA FAN FAIL caution
ON GROUND:
1. Do not takeoff in night or in instrument meteorological conditions.
IN FLIGHT:
1. Minimize all COM transmissions to reduce temperature.
2. Monitor for GIA 1 and GIA 2 OVERHEAT caution messages.
190-00492-10 Rev 8
Diamond DA 40 / DA 40F
4B-2
FAA APPROVED AIRPLANE FLIGHT MANUAL SUPPLEMENT
GARMIN G1000 INTEGRATED AVIONICS SYSTEM
WITH GARMIN GFC 700 AUTOPILOT
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40 F
PFD, MFD, AND GIA OVERHEAT
(a) PFD OVERHEAT caution
NOTE
The PFD is approaching its operating temperature limit. Display brightness
is automatically reduced to 50% of maximum.
1.
Cross check PFD attitude, heading, altimeter, and airspeed with
standby instruments.
2.
If PFD primary flight instruments do not agree with standby flight
instruments, or the PFD fails or is unusable, select Display
Reversionary Mode using the red DISPLAY BACKUP button on the
audio panel. Pull the PFD circuit breaker.
If the PFD fails or the PFD circuit breaker is pulled, the autopilot will
not operate.
(b) MFD OVERHEAT caution
NOTE
The MFD is approaching its operating temperature limit. Display
brightness is automatically reduced to 50% of maximum.
1.
Select Display Reversionary Mode using the red DISPLAY BACKUP
button on the audio panel.
2.
Cross check MFD engine instruments and primary flight instruments
with the PFD. If the MFD does not agree with the PFD, or the MFD
fails or is unusable, pull the MFD circuit breaker.
If the MFD fails or the MFD circuit breaker is pulled, the autopilot
mode controls on the MFD will not operate. Disengage the autopilot
using the AP DISC button on the control stick.
(c) PFD OVERHEAT caution
AND
MFD OVERHEAT caution
NOTE
The PFD and MFD are both approaching operating temperature limits. The
brightness of both displays is automatically reduced to 50% of maximum.
190-00492-10 Rev 8
Diamond DA 40 / DA 40F
4B-3
FAA APPROVED AIRPLANE FLIGHT MANUAL SUPPLEMENT
GARMIN G1000 INTEGRATED AVIONICS SYSTEM
WITH GARMIN GFC 700 AUTOPILOT
1.
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40 F
Refer to standby attitude, heading, altimeter, and airspeed instruments
to maintain aircraft control.
2.
If either the PFD or MFD fails or is unusable, pull the circuit breaker of
the affected device and select Display Reversionary Mode using the red
DISPLAY BACKUP button on the audio panel.
3.
Land as soon as practical at a suitable airport.
If the PFD fails or the PFD circuit breaker is pulled, the autopilot will
not operate.
If the MFD fails or the MFD circuit breaker is pulled, the autopilot
mode controls on the MFD will not operate. Disengage the autopilot
using the AP DISC button on the control stick.
(d) GIA1 OVERHEAT caution
OR
GIA2 OVERHEAT caution
NOTE
Either GIA 1 or GIA 2 is approaching its operating temperature limit.
1.
Minimize all COM transmissions to reduce temperature.
(e) GIA1 OVERHEAT caution
AND
GIA2 OVERHEAT caution
NOTE
Both GIA 1 and GIA 2 are approaching their operating temperature limits.
COM 1, COM 2, NAV 1, NAV 2, GPS 1, and GPS 2 may fail.
1.
Minimize all COM transmissions to reduce temperature.
2.
Land as soon as practical at a suitable airport.
190-00492-10 Rev 8
Diamond DA 40 / DA 40F
4B-4
FAA APPROVED AIRPLANE FLIGHT MANUAL SUPPLEMENT
GARMIN G1000 INTEGRATED AVIONICS SYSTEM
WITH GARMIN GFC 700 AUTOPILOT
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40 F
SECTION 5
PERFORMANCE
No change. Refer to the Aircraft Flight Manual.
190-00492-10 Rev 8
Diamond DA 40 / DA 40F
5-1
FAA APPROVED AIRPLANE FLIGHT MANUAL SUPPLEMENT
GARMIN G1000 INTEGRATED AVIONICS SYSTEM
WITH GARMIN GFC 700 AUTOPILOT
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40 F
SECTION 6
WEIGHT AND BALANCE
Refer to the Aircraft Flight Manual and see current weight and balance data.
190-00492-10 Rev 8
Diamond DA 40 / DA 40F
6-1
FAA APPROVED AIRPLANE FLIGHT MANUAL SUPPLEMENT
GARMIN G1000 INTEGRATED AVIONICS SYSTEM
WITH GARMIN GFC 700 AUTOPILOT
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40 F
SECTION 7
SYSTEM DESCRIPTIONS
G1000 SYSTEM
The Garmin G1000 Integrated Avionics System consists of a Primary Flight
Display (PFD), a Multi-Function Display (MFD), an Audio Panel, and Attitude
and Heading Reference System (AHRS), an Air Data Computer (ADC), and the
sensors and computers to process flight and engine information for display to
the pilot. The system contains dual GPS receivers, dual VOR/ILS receivers,
dual VHF communications transceivers, a transponder, an Automatic Direction
Finder (ADF) receiver, Distance Measuring Equipment (DME), and an
integrated annunciation system to alert the pilot of certain abnormal conditions.
The GPS receivers will either be non–WAAS capable (if GIA 63 units are
installed) or WAAS capable (if GIA 63W units are installed).
The Primary Flight Display (PFD) typically displays airspeed, attitude, altitude,
and heading information in a traditional format. Slip information is shown as a
trapezoid under the bank pointer. One width of the trapezoid is equal to a one
ball width slip. Rate of turn information is shown on the scale above the
compass rose; full scale deflection is equal to a standard rate turn. The
following controls are available on the PFD (clockwise from top right):
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Communications frequency volume and squelch knob
Communications frequency set knobs
Communications frequency transfer button
Altimeter setting knob (baro set)
Course knob
Map range knob and cursor control
FMS control buttons and knob
PFD softkey buttons, including master warning/caution acknowledgement
Altitude reference set knob
Heading bug control
Navigation frequency transfer button
Navigation frequency set knobs
Navigation frequency volume and Identifier knob
The PFD displays the crew alerting (annunciator) system. When a warning or
caution message is received, a warning or caution annunciator will flash on the
PFD, accompanied by an aural tone. A warning is accompanied by a repeating
tone, and a caution is accompanied by a single tone. Acknowledging the alert
will cancel the flashing and provide a text description of the message. Refer to
the Emergency or Abnormal Procedures Sections of the AFM or this
Supplement for the appropriate procedure to follow for each message.
190-00492-10 Rev 8
Diamond DA 40 / DA 40F
7-1
FAA APPROVED AIRPLANE FLIGHT MANUAL SUPPLEMENT
GARMIN G1000 INTEGRATED AVIONICS SYSTEM
WITH GARMIN GFC 700 AUTOPILOT
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40 F
Advisory messages related to G1000 system status are shown in white and are
accompanied by a white flashing ADVISORY alert. Refer to the G1000 Pilot’s
Guide and Cockpit Reference Guide for descriptions of the messages and
recommended actions (if applicable).
Trend vectors are shown on the airspeed and altimeter displays as a magenta
line predicting 6 seconds at the current rate. The turn rate indicator also
functions as a trend indicator on the compass scale.
The PFD can be displayed in a composite format for emergency use by pressing
the red DISPLAY BACKUP button at the bottom of the audio panel. In the
composite mode, the full crew alerting function remains.
The Multi-Function Display (MFD) typically displays engine data, maps,
terrain, traffic and topography displays, and flight planning and progress
information. The display unit is substantially identical to the PFD and contains
the same controls as previously listed. Additionally, the GFC 700 autopilot
mode controls are located on the MFD. These controls are described later in
this section.
The audio panel contains traditional transmitter and receiver selectors, as well as
an integral intercom and marker beacon system. The marker beacon lights
appear on the PFD. In addition, a clearance recorder records the last 2 ½
minutes of received audio. Lights above the selections indicate what selections
are active. Pressing the red DISPLAY BACKUP button on the audio panel
causes both the PFD and MFD to display a composite mode.
The Attitude and Heading Reference System (AHRS) uses GPS, rate sensors, air
data, and magnetic variation to determine pitch and roll attitude, sideslip and
heading. Operation is possible in a degraded mode if the system loses any of
these inputs. Status messages alert the crew of the loss of any of these inputs.
The AHRS will align while the aircraft is in motion, but will align more quickly
if the wings are kept level during the alignment process.
The Air Data Computer (ADC) provides airspeed, altitude, vertical speed, and
air temperature to the display system. In addition to the primary displays, this
information is used by the FMS and TIS systems.
Engine instruments are displayed on the MFD. Discrete engine sensor
information is processed by the Garmin Engine Airframe (GEA) sub-system.
When an engine sensor indicates a value outside the normal operating range, the
legend will turn yellow for caution range, and turn red and flash for warning
range.
190-00492-10 Rev 8
Diamond DA 40 / DA 40F
7-2
FAA APPROVED AIRPLANE FLIGHT MANUAL SUPPLEMENT
GARMIN G1000 INTEGRATED AVIONICS SYSTEM
WITH GARMIN GFC 700 AUTOPILOT
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40 F
GFC 700
The GFC 700 Automatic Flight Control System (AFCS) is a 2 axis autopilot and
flight director system which provides the pilot with the following features:
•
Altitude Preselect and Altitude Hold (ALT)
•
Flight Level Change with Airspeed Hold (FLC)
•
Vertical Speed Hold (VS)
•
Navigation tracking for VOR (NAV) and GPS (GPS)
•
Heading Hold (HDG)
•
Approach mode coupling to VOR (VAPP) or localizer (LOC) and
glideslope (GS)
•
Back Course (BC) tracking
•
Go Around (GA) pitch/roll guidance.
•
Glidepath coupling (GP) (GIA 63W equipped aircraft only)
•
Vertical Navigation (VPTH) (optional feature)
The system consists of autopilot controls on the Multi-Function Display (MFD),
servos with autopilot processing logic, Flight Director processing logic in the
GIAs, a left control stick-mounted elevator trim switch, a control stick-mounted
trim interrupt and autopilot disconnect switch on both sides, a left control stickmounted CWS (Control Wheel Steering) switch, a throttle-mounted GA (GoAround) switch, and PFD/MFD-mounted altitude preselect, heading, and course
knobs.
Flight Director commands and autopilot modes are displayed on the PFD. Full
AFCS functionality is only available with the both displays operating, and will
disconnect under certain reversionary conditions.
Upon initial system power-up, the system undergoes a preflight test. At the end
of the test, the autopilot disconnect tone sounds and the PFT and AFCS
annunciations are removed. Successful completion of the preflight test is
required for the autopilot and manual electric trim to engage.
Annunciation of the flight director and autopilot modes is shown in the lower
status field of the PFD. In general, green indicates active modes and white
indicates armed modes. When a mode is directly selected by the pilot, no
flashing of the mode will occur. When automatic mode changes occur, they will
be annunciated with a flashing annunciation of the new mode for ten seconds in
green. If a mode becomes unavailable for whatever reason, the mode will flash
for ten seconds in yellow and be replaced by the new mode in green.
190-00492-10 Rev 8
Diamond DA 40 / DA 40F
7-3
FAA APPROVED AIRPLANE FLIGHT MANUAL SUPPLEMENT
GARMIN G1000 INTEGRATED AVIONICS SYSTEM
WITH GARMIN GFC 700 AUTOPILOT
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40 F
The GFC 700 autopilot contains an electric pitch trim system which is used by
the autopilot for automatic pitch trim during autopilot operation and by the pilot
for manual electric pitch trim when the autopilot is not engaged. The manual
electric pitch trim system is operated by a split switch on the left control stick.
The GFC 700 autopilot and manual electric trim (MET) will not operate until
the system has satisfactorily completed a preflight test. The preflight test begins
automatically with initial power application to the autopilot (AVIONIC
MASTER Switch is set to the ON position).
The following conditions will cause the autopilot to automatically disconnect:
•
Electrical power failure
•
Internal autopilot system failure
•
AHRS malfunction
•
Loss of Air Data Computer information
The GFC 700 may be manually disconnected by any of the following means:
•
Depressing the red AP DISC button on either control stick
•
Moving the left (outboard) side of the manual electric trim switch on the
left control stick
•
Pushing the AP button on the autopilot mode controller when the autopilot
is engaged
•
Depressing the GA button on the left side of the throttle
•
Pulling the AFCS circuit breaker
•
Turning off the AVIONIC MASTER switch
•
Turning off the airplane Master (ALT/BAT) switch
In addition, the CWS (control wheel steering) switch on the pilot’s control stick
will disconnect the autopilot servos from the airplane flight controls as long as
the CWS switch is depressed.
Power to the GFC 700 autopilot and electric trim system is supplied through the
AVIONIC MASTER switch and the AFCS circuit breaker. The AVIONIC
MASTER switch can be used as an additional means to disable the autopilot and
electric trim system.
The red AP DISC switch on the either control stick will interrupt power to the
manual electric trim for as long as the switch is depressed.
190-00492-10 Rev 8
Diamond DA 40 / DA 40F
7-4
FAA APPROVED AIRPLANE FLIGHT MANUAL SUPPLEMENT
GARMIN G1000 INTEGRATED AVIONICS SYSTEM
WITH GARMIN GFC 700 AUTOPILOT
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40 F
Loss of instruments or components of the G1000 system will affect the GFC
700 AFCS as follows:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Loss of the AHRS will cause the autopilot to disconnect. The autopilot and
flight director will be inoperative. Manual electric trim will be available.
Loss of the heading function of the AHRS will result in loss of the HDG
mode. If in HDG mode at the time heading is lost, the autopilot will revert
to basic roll mode (ROL).
Loss of the MFD will not cause the autopilot to disconnect, and will remain
engaged with limited functionality, but the autopilot cannot be re-engaged
once disconnected.
Loss of the PFD will cause the autopilot to disconnect. The autopilot and
flight director will be inoperative. Manual electric trim will be available.
Loss of air data computer information will cause the autopilot to
disconnect. The autopilot will be inoperative. The flight director will be
available except for air data modes (ALT, VS, FLC). Manual electric trim
is available.
Loss of GIA #1 will cause the autopilot to disconnect. The autopilot, flight
director and manual electric trim will be inoperative. Loss of GIA #2 will
also prevent autopilot and manual electric trim operation, but flight director
will be available.
Loss of the standby airspeed indicator, standby attitude indicator, standby
altimeter, or standby compass will have no effect on the autopilot.
Loss of both GPS systems will cause the autopilot and flight director to
operate in NAV modes (LOC, BC, VOR, VAPP) with reduced accuracy.
Course intercept and station crossing performance may be improved by
executing intercepts and station crossings in HDG mode, then reselecting
NAV mode.
WARNING
FOLLOWING
AN
AUTOPILOT
OR
ELECTRIC
TRIM
MALFUNCTION, DO NOT RE-ENGAGE THE AUTOPILOT OR
MANUAL ELECTRIC TRIM, OR RESET THE AFCS CIRCUIT
BREAKER, UNTIL THE CAUSE OF THE MALFUNCTION HAS BEEN
DETERMINED AND CORRECTED.
Normal autopilot disconnects are annunciated with a yellow flashing AP on the
PFD accompanied by a two second autopilot disconnect tone. Normal
disconnects are those initiated by the pilot with the AP DISC switch, the MET
switch, the AP button on the MFD mode controller, or the GA button.
Abnormal disconnects will be accompanied by a red flashing AP on the PFD
accompanied by a continuous autopilot disconnect tone. The disconnect tone
190-00492-10 Rev 8
Diamond DA 40 / DA 40F
7-5
FAA APPROVED AIRPLANE FLIGHT MANUAL SUPPLEMENT
GARMIN G1000 INTEGRATED AVIONICS SYSTEM
WITH GARMIN GFC 700 AUTOPILOT
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40
DIAMOND MODEL DA 40 F
and flashing alert may be cancelled by pressing the AP DISC switch or the left
side of the MET switch.
Refer to the Garmin G1000 Pilot’s Guide for the Diamond DA 40, for a
complete description of the GFC 700 system and operating procedures.
7.10 FUEL SYSTEM
Fuel Quantity Indication
Each fuel tank has a capacity probe that ascertains fuel quantity in that tank.
Standard Tank configurations have two fuel probes, one in each wing. Long
Range Tank configurations have four fuel probes, two in each wing, an
outboard tank and an inboard tank. When the fuel quantity indicator reads zero,
only unusable fuel remains in the tank. Usable capacity of each tank for the
Standard Tank configuration is 20 US gal (76 liters). Usable capacity of an
outboard and inboard tank for the Long Range Tank configuration is 24 US gal
(91 liters).
Fuel quantity:
Fuel quantity indicating for the Standard Tank configuration functions as
described in the DA 40 AFM. Also, refer to the ‘G1000 Pilot's Guide for the
Diamond DA 40’ for additional information about the functionality of the
G1000’s fuel quantity gauge.
For the Long Range Tank configuration, dual pointers on a linear scale, a top
pointer for the left fuel quantity and a bottom pointer for the right fuel quantity
indicate fuel quantity. The fuel quantity gauge is marked in five gallon
increments starting at zero to 25 US gal. The break in the green band between
16 and 19 US gal shows the un-gauged portion of the fuel tanks usable fuel.
When a fuel tank is completely full, the quantity pointer will indicate 24 US
gallons. As fuel is consumed from the tank, the pointer will move to the left.
Once there is no more measurable fuel in the outboard tank, the pointer migrates
over a 30 second period to the 16 US gal position. The pointer will remain at 16
US gallons while the un-gauged fuel quantity is consumed. Once the quantity
of fuel remaining in the inboard tank is less than 16 gallons, the pointer will
begin moving left towards zero. When either pointer enters the amber portion
of the scale, the pointer and the gauge title, ‘FUEL QTY GAL’, will turn amber.
When either pointer enters the red portion of the gauge, the pointer will turn red,
and the gauge title, ‘FUEL QTY GAL’, will turn red and flash continuously in
inverse video.
190-00492-10 Rev 8
Diamond DA 40 / DA 40F
7-6
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