Garmin | G1000: Piper PA-46 M350 Mirage | Garmin G1000: Piper PA-46 M350 Mirage G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage

Garmin G1000: Piper PA-46 M350 Mirage G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
G1000
®
Integrated Avionics System
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS
EIS
NAV/COM/TRANSPONDER/AUDIO PANEL
AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
GPS NAVIGATION
FLIGHT PLANNING
PROCEDURES
HAZARD AVOIDANCE
ADDITIONAL FEATURES
ABNORMAL OPERATION
ANNUNCIATIONS & ALERTS
APPENDIX
INDEX
Copyright © 2015 Garmin Ltd. or its subsidiaries. All rights reserved.
This manual reflects the operation of System Software version 2164.00 or later for the Piper
PA-46 Mirage. Some differences in operation may be observed when comparing the information
in this manual to earlier or later software versions.
Garmin International, Inc., 1200 East 151st Street, Olathe, Kansas 66062, U.S.A.
Tel: 913/397.8200Fax: 913/397.8282
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Tel: 886/02.2642.9199
Fax: 886/02.2642.9099
For after-hours emergency, aircraft on ground (AOG) technical support for Garmin panel mount
and integrated avionics systems, please contact Garmin’s AOG Hotline at 913.397.0836.
Web Site Address: www.garmin.com
Except as expressly provided herein, no part of this manual may be reproduced, copied,
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without the express written permission of Garmin. Garmin hereby grants permission to
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or printed copy of this manual or revision must contain the complete text of this copyright
notice and provided further that any unauthorized commercial distribution of this manual or any
revision hereto is strictly prohibited.
Garmin® and G1000® are registered trademarks of Garmin Ltd. or its subsidiaries. WATCH®,
FliteCharts®, and SafeTaxi® are trademarks of Garmin Ltd. or its subsidiaries. These trademarks
may not be used without the express permission of Garmin.
NavData® is a registered trademark of Jeppesen, Inc.; Stormscope® is a registered trademark
of L-3 Communications; Honeywell® and Bendix/King® are registered trademarks of
Honeywell International, Inc.
SiriusXM Weather and SiriusXM Satellite Radio are provided by SiriusXM Satellite Radio, Inc.
AOPA Membership Publications, Inc. and its related organizations (hereinafter collectively
“AOPA”) expressly disclaim all warranties, with respect to the AOPA information included in this
data, express or implied, including, but not limited to, the implied warranties of merchantability
and fitness for a particular purpose. The information is provided “as is” and AOPA does not
warrant or make any representations regarding its accuracy, reliability, or otherwise. Under
no circumstances including negligence, shall AOPA be liable for any incidental, special or
consequential damages that result from the use or inability to use the software or related
documentation, even if AOPA or an AOPA authorized representative has been advised of the
possibility of such damages. User agrees not to sue AOPA and, to the maximum extent allowed
by law, to release and hold harmless AOPA from any causes of action, claims or losses related
to any actual or alleged inaccuracies in the information. Some jurisdictions do not allow the
limitation or exclusion of implied warranties or liability for incidental or consequential damages
so the above limitations or exclusions may not apply to you.
AC-U-KWIK and its related organizations (hereafter collectively “AC-U-KWIK Organizations”)
expressly disclaim all warranties with respect to the AC-U-KWIK information included
in this data, express or implied, including, but not limited to, the implied warranties of
merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose. The information is provided “as is” and
AC-U-KWIK Organizations do not warrant or make any representations regarding its accuracy,
reliability, or otherwise. Licensee agrees not to sue AC-U-KWIK Organizations and, to the
maximum extent allowed by law, to release and hold harmless AC-U-KWIK Organizations
from any cause of action, claims or losses related to any actual or alleged inaccuracies in the
information arising out of Garmin’s use of the information in the datasets. Some jurisdictions
do not allow the limitation or exclusion of implied warranties or liability for incidental or
consequential damages so the above limitations or exclusions may not apply to licensee.
April, 2015
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Printed in the U.S.A.
Warnings, Cautions & Notes
WARNING: Do not use the terrain avoidance feature as the sole means of
navigation and terrain separation. The terrain avoidance feature is only to
be used as and aid to terrain avoidance. Garmin obtains terrain database
content from third party sources and is not able to independently verify the
accuracy of the terrain data.
WARNING: Do not rely on the displayed minimum safe altitude (MSAs) as
the sole source of obstacle and terrain avoidance information. The displayed
minimum safe altitudes (MSAs) are only advisory in nature. Always refer to
current aeronautical charts for appropriate minimum clearance altitudes.
WARNING: Do not use GPS-derived geometric altitude for compliance with air
traffic control altitude requirements in the National Airspace System (NAS) or
internationally. The primary barometric altimeter must be used for compliance
with all air traffic control altitude regulations, requirements, instructions, and
clearance.
WARNING: Do not use outdated database information. Databases used in
the system must be updated regularly in order to ensure that the information
remains current.
WARNING: Do not use basemap (land and water data) information for
primary navigation. Basemap data is intended only to supplement other
approved navigation data sources and should be considered only an aid to
enhance situational awareness.
WARNING: Do not rely solely upon the display of traffic information for
collision avoidance maneuvering. The traffic display does not provide collision
avoidance resolution advisories and does not under any circumstances or
conditions relieve the pilot’s responsibility to see and avoid other aircraft.
WARNING: Do not rely solely upon the display of traffic information to
accurately depict all of the traffic within range of the aircraft. Due to lack
of equipment, poor signal reception, and/or inaccurate information from
aircraft or ground stations, traffic may be present that is not represented on
the display.
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
Warnings, Cautions & Notes
WARNING: Do not use data link weather information for maneuvering in,
near or around areas of hazardous weather. Information contained within data
link weather products may not accurately depict current weather conditions.
WARNING: Do not use the indicated data link weather product age to
determine the age of the weather information shown by the data link weather
product. Due to time delays inherent in gathering and processing weather
data for data link transmission, the weather information shown by the data
link weather product may be significantly older than the indicated weather
product age.
WARNING: Do not rely on information from the lightning detection system
display as the sole basis for hazard weather avoidance. Range limitations
and interference may cause the system to display inaccurate or incomplete
information. Refer to the documentation from the lightning detection system
manufacturer for detailed information about the system.
WARNING: The Garmin system, as installed in this aircraft, has a very
high degree of functional integrity. However, the pilot must recognize that
providing monitoring and/or self-test capability for all conceivable system
failures is not practical.
WARNING: Do not use the system until carefully reviewing, and gaining
a thorough understanding of all aspects of the system’s Pilot’s Guide
documentation and the Airplane Flight Manual. Do not attempt to learn
system operational procedures while the aircraft is in the air. For safety
reasons, system operational procedures must be learned on the ground.
WARNING: The United States government operates the Global Positioning
System and is solely responsible for its accuracy and maintenance. The
GPS system is subject to changes which could affect the accuracy and
performance of all GPS equipment. Portions of the system utilize GPS as a
precision electronic NAVigation AID (NAVAID). Therefore, as with all NAVAIDs,
information presented by the system can be misused or misinterpreted and,
therefore, become unsafe.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Warnings, Cautions & Notes
WARNING: To reduce the risk of unsafe operation, carefully review and
understand all aspects of the Pilot’s Guide documentation and the Airplane
Flight Manual. Thoroughly practice basic operation prior to actual use. During
flight operations, carefully compare indications from the system to all available
navigation sources, including the information from other NAVAIDs, visual
sightings, charts, etc. For safety purposes, always resolve any discrepancies
before continuing navigation.
WARNING: Do not use the system to attempt to penetrate a thunderstorm.
The illustrations in this guide are only examples. Both the FAA Advisory
Circular, Subject: Thunderstorms, and the Aeronautical Information Manual
(AIM) recommend avoiding any thunderstorm identified as severe of giving
intense radar echo by at least 20 miles.
WARNING: Lamp(s) inside this product contain mercury (HG) and must
be recycled or disposed of according to local, state, or federal laws. For
more information, refer to our website at www.garmin.com/aboutGarmin/
environment/disposal.jsp.
WARNING: Because of variation in the earth’s magnetic field, operating the
system within the following areas could result in loss of reliable attitude and
heading indications. North of 72° North latitude at all longitudes. South of
70° South latitude at all longitudes. North of 65° North latitude between
longitude 75° W and 120° W. (Northern Canada). North of 70° North latitude
between longitude 70° W and 128° W. (Northern Canada). North of 70° North
latitude between longitude 85° E and 114° E. (Northern Russia). South of
55° South latitude between longitude 120° E and 165° E. (Region south of
Australia and New Zealand).
WARNING: Do not use GPS to navigate to any active waypoint identified as
a ‘NON WGS84 WPT’ by a system message. ‘NON WGS84 WPT’ waypoints are
derived from an unknown map reference datum that may be incompatible
with the map reference datum used by GPS (known as WGS84) and may be
positioned in error as displayed.
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
Warnings, Cautions & Notes
WARNING: Do not use a QFE altimeter setting with this system. System
functions will not operate properly with a QFE altimeter setting. Use only
a QNH altimeter setting for height above mean sea level, or the standard
pressure setting, as applicable.
CAUTION: The PFD and MFD displays use a lens coated with a special
anti-reflective coating that is very sensitive to skin oils, waxes, and abrasive
cleaners. CLEANERS CONTAINING AMMONIA WILL HARM THE ANTIREFLECTIVE COATING. It is very important to clean the lens using a clean,
lint-free cloth and an eyeglass lens cleaner that is specified as safe for antireflective coatings.
CAUTION: The system does not contain any user-serviceable parts. Repairs
should only be made by an authorized Garmin service center. Unauthorized
repairs or modifications could void both the warranty and the pilot’s authority
to operate this device under FAA/FCC regulations.
NOTE: When using Stormscope, there are several atmospheric phenomena
in addition to nearby thunderstorm that can cause isolated discharge points
in the strike display mode. However, clusters of two or more discharge points
in the strike display mode do indicate thunderstorm activity if these points
reappear after the screen has been cleaned.
NOTE: Do not rely upon data link services to provide Temporary Flight
Restriction (TFR) information. Always confirm TFR information through official
sources such as Flight Service Stations or Air Traffic Control.
NOTE: All visual depictions contained within this document, including screen
images of the panel and displays, are subject to change and may not reflect
the most current system and databases. Depictions of equipment may differ
slightly from the actual equipment.
NOTE: This device complies with part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is
subject to the following two conditions: (1) this device may not cause harmful
interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired operation.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Warnings, Cautions & Notes
NOTE: This product, its packaging, and its components contain chemicals
known to the State of California to cause cancer, birth defects, or reproductive
harm. This notice is being provided in accordance with California’s Proposition
65. If you have any questions or would like additional information, please
refer to our web site at www.garmin.com/prop65.
NOTE: Interference from GPS repeaters operating inside nearby hangars can
cause an intermittent loss of attitude and heading displays while the aircraft
is on the ground. Moving the aircraft more than 100 yards away from the
source of the interference should alleviate the condition.
NOTE: Use of polarized eyewear may cause the flight displays to appear dim
or blank.
NOTE: Garmin requests the flight crew report any observed discrepancies
related to database information. These discrepancies could come in the form
of an incorrect procedure; incorrectly identified terrain, obstacles and fixes; or
any other displayed item used for navigation or communication if the air or
on the ground. Go to FlyGarmin.com and select Aviation Data Error Report.
NOTE: The purpose of this Cockpit Reference Guide is to provide the pilot
a resource with which to find operating instructions on the major features
of the G1000 system more easily. It is not intended to be a comprehensive
operating guide. Complete operating procedures for the system are found
in the G1000 Pilot’s Guide for this aircraft.
NOTE: The pilot/operator must have access to Garmin and Jeppesen database
alerts and consider their impact on the intended aircraft operation. The
database alerts can be viewed at www.flygarmin.com by selecting ‘Aviation
Database Alerts.’
NOTE: The pilot/operator must review and be familiar with Garmin’s database
exclusion list as discussed in SAIB CE-14-04 to determine what data may be
incomplete. The database exclusion list can be viewed at www.flygarmin.
com by selecting ‘Database Exclusions List.’
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
Warnings, Cautions & Notes
NOTE: The FAA has asked Garmin to remind pilots who fly with Garmin
database-dependent avionics of the following:
• It is the pilot’s responsibility to remain familiar with all FAA regulatory
and advisory guidance and information related to the use of databases in
the National Airspace System.
• Garmin equipment will only recognize and use databases that are
obtained from Garmin or Jeppesen. Databases obtained from Garmin
or Jeppesen are assured compliance with all data quality requirements
(DQRs) by virtue of a Type 2 Letter of Authorization (LOA) from the FAA. A
copy of the Type 2 LOA is available for each database and can be viewed
at http://fly.garmin.com by selecting ‘Type 2 LOA Status.’
• Use of a current Garmin or Jeppesen database in your Garmin equipment
is required for compliance with established FAA regulatory guidance, but
does not constitute authorization to fly any and all terminal procedures
that may be presented by the system. It is the pilot’s responsibility to
operate in accordance with established AFM(S) and regulatory guidance or
limitations as applicable to the pilot, the aircraft, and installed equipment.
NOTE: If the pilot/operator wants or needs to adjust the database, contact
Garmin Product Support to coordinate the revised DQRs.
NOTE: Garmin requests the flight crew report any observed discrepancies
related to database information. These discrepancies could come in the form
of an incorrect procedure; incorrectly identified terrain, obstacles and fixes;
or any other displayed item used for navigation or communication in the air
or on the ground. Go to FlyGarmin.com and select ‘Report An Aviation Data
Error Report.’
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Record of Revisions
Part Number
190-01888-00
Rev A
Change Summary
Initial release at GDU 15.01
Revision Date of Revision Affected Pages
B
April, 2015
98, 99, 107,110,
119
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Description
Added Hypoxia Recognition System
with Automatic Descent Mode
Added Emergency Descent Mode
(EDM)
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
RR-1
Record of Revisions
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RR-2
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Table of Contents
Flight Instruments........................................................................................................................ 1
Selecting the Altimeter Barometric Pressure Setting....................................................... 1
Selecting Standard Barometric Pressure (29.92 in Hg)..................................................... 1
Change Altimeter Barometric Pressure Setting Units....................................................... 1
Synchronizing the Altimeter Barometric Pressure Settings............................................ 1
Synchronize CDI......................................................................................................................... 1
Change Navigation Sources.................................................................................................... 2
Enable/Disable OBS Mode While Navigating with GPS..................................................... 2
Generic Timer.............................................................................................................................. 2
Turn Individual Vspeed Bugs On or Off................................................................................. 2
Turn All Vspeed Bugs On or Off.............................................................................................. 3
Set Barometric Minimum Descent Altitude......................................................................... 3
Displaying Wind Data............................................................................................................... 3
Engine Indication System......................................................................................................... 5
Landing Gear Indications......................................................................................................... 6
Nav/Com/Transponder/Audio Panel.................................................................................... 7
ADF Tuning (Optional)............................................................................................................... 7
DME Tuning (Optional).............................................................................................................. 7
Selecting A Transponder Mode............................................................................................... 7
Enter a Transponder Code....................................................................................................... 8
Selecting a COM Radio............................................................................................................. 8
Selecting a NAV Radio.............................................................................................................. 8
NAV/COM Tuning........................................................................................................................ 8
Digital Clearance Recorder and Player................................................................................. 9
Intercom System (ICS) Isolation............................................................................................. 9
Telephone/Entertainment Audio.......................................................................................... 13
Automatic Flight Control System...................................................................................... 15
Flight Director Activation...................................................................................................... 15
Vertical Modes.......................................................................................................................... 16
GPS Navigation............................................................................................................................ 19
Direct-to Navigation............................................................................................................... 19
Activate a Stored Flight Plan................................................................................................ 20
Activate a Flight Plan Leg...................................................................................................... 20
Stop Navigating a Flight Plan............................................................................................... 21
Vertical Navigation (VNAV)................................................................................................... 21
Flight Planning............................................................................................................................. 23
Weight & Fuel Planning.......................................................................................................... 23
Trip Planning............................................................................................................................. 23
Create a User Waypoint Defined by Latitude & Longitude............................................ 25
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
i
Table of Contents
Create a User Waypoint Defined by Radials from Other Waypoints............................ 26
Create a User Waypoint Defined by a Radial & Distance from Another Waypoint... 28
Delete a User Waypoint.......................................................................................................... 29
Create a Flight Plan................................................................................................................. 30
Import a Flight Plan from an SD Card................................................................................. 31
Insert a Waypoint in the Active Flight Plan....................................................................... 31
Enter an Airway in a Flight Plan........................................................................................... 32
User-Defined Holding Patterns............................................................................................. 33
Invert An Active Flight Plan................................................................................................... 35
Remove a Departure, Arrival, Approach, or Airway from a Flight Plan...................... 35
Store a Flight Plan................................................................................................................... 36
Edit a Stored Flight Plan........................................................................................................ 36
Delete a Waypoint from the Flight Plan............................................................................. 36
Invert and Activate a Stored Flight Plan............................................................................ 37
Copy a Flight Plan.................................................................................................................... 37
Delete a Flight Plan................................................................................................................. 37
Graphical Flight Plan Creation.............................................................................................. 38
Export a Flight Plan to an SD Card...................................................................................... 38
Procedures...................................................................................................................................... 39
Load and Activate a Departure Procedure........................................................................ 39
Activate A Departure Leg...................................................................................................... 39
Load An Arrival Procedure..................................................................................................... 39
Activate An Arrival Leg.......................................................................................................... 40
Load and/or Activate an Approach Procedure.................................................................. 40
Activate An Approach in the Active Flight Plan................................................................ 42
Activate a Vector to Final Approach Fix............................................................................. 42
Activate A Missed Approach in the Active Flight Plan.................................................... 42
Temperature Compensated Altitude................................................................................... 42
Hazard Avoidance....................................................................................................................... 45
Customizing the Hazard Displays on the Navigation Map............................................. 45
Stormscope® (Optional)......................................................................................................... 45
SiriusXM Weather (Optional)................................................................................................ 47
Connext Weather (Optional)................................................................................................. 49
Traffic Systems......................................................................................................................... 61
Terrain And Obstacle Proximity............................................................................................ 64
Terrain-SVS (Optional)............................................................................................................ 65
Terrain Awareness & Warning System (TAWS-B) Display (Optional)............................ 66
Airborne Color Weather Radar............................................................................................. 68
ii
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Table of Contents
Additional Features................................................................................................................... 73
Synthetic Vision........................................................................................................................ 73
Terminal Procedure Charts.................................................................................................... 74
Airport Directory..................................................................................................................... 76
Scheduler................................................................................................................................... 77
Pilot Profiles............................................................................................................................. 78
Electronic Stability Protection (ESP™)................................................................................. 81
SiriusXM Satellite Radio......................................................................................................... 83
Satellite Telephone & SMS Messaging............................................................................... 85
Hypoxia Recognition System with Automatic Descent Mode....................................... 98
Abnormal Operation............................................................................................................... 101
Reversionary Mode............................................................................................................... 101
Abnormal COM Operation................................................................................................... 101
Audio Panel Fail-safe Operation........................................................................................ 101
Hazard Displays with Loss of GPS Position...................................................................... 102
Unusual Attitudes.................................................................................................................. 102
Dead Reckoning..................................................................................................................... 103
Suspected Autopilot Malfunction...................................................................................... 104
Overpowering Autopilot Servos........................................................................................ 105
Annunciations & Alerts.......................................................................................................... 107
CAS Messages......................................................................................................................... 107
Comparator Annunciations.................................................................................................. 109
Reversionary Sensor Annunciations.................................................................................. 110
AFCS Alerts.............................................................................................................................. 110
Terrain-SVS Alerts.................................................................................................................. 111
Terrain-SVS System Status Annunciations....................................................................... 112
TAWS-B Alerts......................................................................................................................... 113
Message Advisory Alerts...................................................................................................... 114
Voice Alerts............................................................................................................................. 115
Flight Plan Import/Export Messages................................................................................. 116
Pilot Profile Import/Export Messages............................................................................... 117
MFD & PFD Message Advisories......................................................................................... 117
Appendix........................................................................................................................................ 137
PFD Softkey Map................................................................................................................... 137
MFD Softkey Map.................................................................................................................. 143
Loading Updated Databases............................................................................................... 145
Index............................................................................................................................................Index-1
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
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Table of Contents
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iv
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Flight Instruments
Flight
Instruments
FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS
SELECTING THE ALTIMETER BAROMETRIC PRESSURE SETTING
EIS
Turn the BARO Knob to select the desired setting.
Select the PFD Softkey to display the second-level softkeys.
2)
Select the STD BARO Softkey.
AFCS
1)
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
SELECTING STANDARD BAROMETRIC PRESSURE (29.92 IN HG)
CHANGE ALTIMETER BAROMETRIC PRESSURE SETTING UNITS
GPS Nav
Select the PFD Softkey to display the second-level softkeys.
2)
Select the ALT UNIT Softkey.
3)
Select the IN Softkey to display the barometric pressure setting in inches of
mercury (in Hg).
Procedures
Or:
Select the HPA Softkey to display the barometric pressure setting in
hectopascals.
Select the BACK Softkey to return to the top-level softkeys.
Hazard
Avoidance
4)
SYNCHRONIZING THE ALTIMETER BAROMETRIC PRESSURE SETTINGS
Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
3)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight BARO in the SYNCHRONIZATION
Window.
4)
Turn the small FMS Knob clockwise to ON or counterclockwise to OFF.
Annun/
Alerts
2)
Abnormal
Operation
Select the AUX-SYSTEM SETUP Page on the MFD.
Additional
Features
1)
SYNCHRONIZE CDI
2)
Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
3)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight CDI in SYNCHRONIZATION Window.
4)
Turn the small FMS Knob clockwise to ON or counterclockwise to OFF.
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
Index
Select the AUX-SYSTEM SETUP Page on the MFD.
Appendix
1)
Flight
Planning
1)
1
CHANGE NAVIGATION SOURCES
1)
Select the CDI Softkey to change from GPS to VOR1 or LOC1. This places
the cyan tuning box over the NAV1 standby frequency in the upper left
corner of the PFD.
2)
Select the CDI Softkey again to change from VOR1 or LOC1 to VOR2 or
LOC2. This places the cyan tuning box over the NAV2 standby frequency.
3)
Select the CDI Softkey a third time to return to GPS.
ENABLE/DISABLE OBS MODE WHILE NAVIGATING WITH GPS
1)
Select the OBS Softkey to select OBS Mode.
2)
Turn a CRS Knob to select the desired course to/from the waypoint. Press
the CRS Knob to synchronize the Selected Course with the bearing to the
next waypoint.
3)
Select the OBS Softkey again to disable OBS Mode.
GENERIC TIMER
1)
Select the TMR/REF Softkey, then turn the large FMS Knob to select the
time field (hh/mm/ss). Turn the FMS Knobs to set the desired time, then
press the ENT Key. The UP/DOWN field is now highlighted.
2)
Turn the small FMS Knob to display the UP/DOWN window. Turn the FMS
Knob to select ‘UP’ or ‘DOWN’, then press the ENT Key. ‘START?’ is now
highlighted.
3)
Press the ENT Key to START, STOP, or RESET the timer (if the timer is
counting DOWN, it will start counting UP after reaching zero). Press the
CLR Key or the TMR/REF Softkey to remove the window.
TURN INDIVIDUAL VSPEED BUGS ON OR OFF
1) Press the TMR/REF Softkey.
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the desired Vspeed.
3)
Turn the small FMS Knob clockwise to ON or counterclockwise to OFF.
4)
To remove the window, press the CLR Key or the TMR/REF Softkey.
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Flight Instruments
2
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Flight Instruments
2)
Press the MENU Key.
3)
Turn the FMS Knob to highlight the desired option.
4)
Press the ENT Key. Select the TMR/REF Softkey to remove the window.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Select the TMR/REF Softkey.
EIS
1)
Flight
Instruments
TURN ALL VSPEED BUGS ON OR OFF
SET BAROMETRIC MINIMUM DESCENT ALTITUDE
Turn the small FMS Knob clockwise to select BARO or TEMP COMP.
Selecting TEMP COMP will allow the system to use an altitude
compensated for temperature.
4)
Press the ENT Key.
5)
Use the small FMS Knob to enter the desired altitude.
6)
Press the ENT Key.
7)
To remove the window, press the CLR Key or the TMR/REF Softkey.
Procedures
3)
Flight
Planning
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the OFF/BARO/TEMP COMP field to
the right of ‘MINIMUMS’.
GPS Nav
2)
AFCS
1) Press the TMR/REF Softkey.
Hazard
Avoidance
DISPLAYING WIND DATA
2)
Select the WIND Softkey to display wind data below the Selected Heading.
3)
Select one of the OPTN softkeys to change how wind data is displayed.
4)
To remove the Wind Data Window, select the OFF Softkey.
Abnormal
Operation
Select the PFD Softkey.
Additional
Features
1)
Annun/
Alerts
Appendix
Index
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
3
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Flight Instruments
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4
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
190-01888-00 Rev. B
EIS
1
Flight
Instruments
ENGINE INDICATION SYSTEM
1
EIS
9
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
2
2
10
4
12
3
4
5
GPS Nav
11
AFCS
3
13
5
6
6
Flight
Planning
14
7
15
8
17
9
10
Hazard
Avoidance
8
16
Procedures
7
14
Additional
Features
15
16
18
17
18
EIS Display (Reversionary Mode)
Oil Temperature
13
Heart Rate
2
Propeller Speed
8
Fuel Quantity
14
Alternator Currents
3
Turbine Inlet
Temperature
Fuel Flow
9
Cabin Pressure Altitude
and Change Rate
10 Differential Pressure
15
Battery Current
16
Voltage
Cylinder Head
Temperature
Oil Pressure
11
Destination Elevation
17
Flap Position
12
Oxygen %
18
Landing Gear Position
5
6
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
Index
7
Appendix
Manifold Pressure
Annun/
Alerts
1
4
Abnormal
Operation
EIS Display (Normal Mode)
5
LANDING GEAR INDICATIONS
Position
EIS
Engine Page
EIS
Flight
Instruments
EIS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Up & Locked
GPS Nav
AFCS
In Transition
Flight
Planning
Down and Locked
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Warning
6
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Nav/Com/XPDR/Audio Panel
Flight
Instruments
NAV/COM/TRANSPONDER/AUDIO PANEL
ADF TUNING (OPTIONAL)
EIS
3)
Turn the large FMS Knob to select the next desired field.
4)
Turn the small FMS Knob to enter the desired number.
5)
Repeat steps 3 and 4 until the desired ADF frequency is entered.
6)
Press the ENT Key to accept the new frequency.
7)
Press the ENT Key again to transfer the frequency to the active field.
8)
Turn the large FMS Knob to select the MODE field.
9)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select ANT, ADF, ADF/BFO, or ANT/BFO.
Flight
Planning
Turn the small FMS Knob to enter the first digit of the desired ADF
frequency.
GPS Nav
2)
AFCS
Press the ADF/DME Softkey.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
1)
10) Press the ENT Key to complete the selection.
Procedures
DME TUNING (OPTIONAL)
2)
Turn the large FMS to select the DME source field.
3)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the desired Nav radio.
4)
Press the ENT Key to complete the selection.
Additional
Features
Press the ADF/DME or DME Softkey.
Hazard
Avoidance
1)
Select the XPDR Softkey to display the Transponder Mode Selection Softkeys.
2)
Select the desired softkey to activate the transponder mode.
Annun/
Alerts
1)
Abnormal
Operation
SELECTING A TRANSPONDER MODE
Appendix
Index
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
7
Select the XPDR Softkey to display the transponder mode selection
softkeys.
2)
Select the CODE Softkey to display the transponder code selection softkeys,
for digit entry.
3)
Use the digit keys to enter the code in the code field. When entering the
code, the next key in sequence must be pressed within 10 seconds, or the
entry is cancelled and restored to the previous code. Five seconds after the
fourth digit has been entered, the transponder code becomes active.
AFCS
1)
EIS
ENTER A TRANSPONDER CODE
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Flight
Instruments
Nav/Com/XPDR/Audio Panel
SELECTING A COM RADIO
GPS Nav
Transmit/Receive
Receive Only
Press the COM1 or COM2 on the audio panel.
SELECTING A NAV RADIO
1)
To begin navigating using a navigation radio, press the CDI Softkey on the
PFD to select VOR1/LOC1 (NAV1) or VOR2/LOC2 (NAV2).
2)
Press the NAV1, NAV2, or AUX Key on the audio panel to select or
deselect the navigation radio audio source. Pressing the AUX Key selects
and deselects the ADF and DME. All radio keys can be selected individually
or together.
NAV/COM TUNING
1)
Press the small tuning knob to select the desired radio for tuning. A cyan
box highlights the radio frequency to be tuned.
2)
Turn the respective tuning knobs to enter the desired frequency into the
standby frequency field. The large knob enters MHz and the small knob
enters kHz.
3)
Press the Frequency Transfer Key to place the frequency into the active
frequency field.
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
Press the COM1 MIC or COM2 MIC, on the audio panel.
8
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Nav/Com/XPDR/Audio Panel
Flight
Instruments
DIGITAL CLEARANCE RECORDER AND PLAYER
NOTE: Only the audio for the selected COM MIC Key is recorded.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
AFCS
GPS Nav
INTERCOM SYSTEM (ICS) ISOLATION
EIS
• Pressing the PLAY Key once plays the latest recorded memory block, then returns
to normal operation.
• Pressing the MKR/MUTE Key while playing a memory block stops play.
• Pressing the PLAY Key during play begins playing the previously recorded
memory block. Each subsequent press of the PLAY Key begins playing the next
previously recorded block.
NOTE: In the following modes the copilot position is configured as crew.
Additional
Features
Aircraft Audio
Hazard
Avoidance
In ‘All Intercom’ mode the Pilot, Copilot, and Passengers hear each other and hear
the aircraft audio.
Procedures
All Intercom Mode
Flight
Planning
NOTE: In the default ICS configuration, only the pilot and copilot positions
can hear aircraft alerts.
Abnormal
Operation
PILOT
COPLT
Annun/
Alerts
Appendix
PASS
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Index
ICS Keys
Mode Operation
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
9
Pilot Isolate Mode
In ‘Pilot Isolate’ mode the Pilot, Copilot, and Passengers hear the aircraft audio.
The Copilot and Passengers also hear each other.
Aircraft Audio
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Nav/Com/XPDR/Audio Panel
COPLT
GPS Nav
AFCS
PILOT
Flight
Planning
PASS
Mode Operation
Passenger/Crew Isolate Mode
In ‘Passenger/Crew Isolate’ mode the Pilot and Copilot hear the aircraft audio and
each other. The Passengers hear each other.
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
ICS Keys
Abnormal
Operation
Aircraft Audio
COPLT
PASS
Annun/
Alerts
PILOT
Mode Operation
Index
Appendix
ICS Keys
10
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Nav/Com/XPDR/Audio Panel
In ‘Copilot Isolate’ mode the Pilot and Passengers hear the aircraft audio and each
other. The Copilot has the option to use Split-COM mode.
EIS
Split-COM
Flight
Instruments
Copilot Isolate Mode
Aircraft Audio
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
COPLT
AFCS
GPS Nav
PILOT
Flight
Planning
PASS
Procedures
ICS Keys
Mode Operation
Hazard
Avoidance
All Isolate Mode
PASS
Appendix
ICS Keys
COPLT
Annun/
Alerts
PILOT
Split-COM
Abnormal
Operation
Aircraft Audio
Additional
Features
In ‘All Isolate’ mode the Pilot hears the aircraft audio. The Copilot has the option
to use Split-COM mode. The Passengers hear each other.
Mode Operation
Index
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
11
Pilot & Copilot Isolate Mode
In ‘Pilot & Copilot Isolate’ mode the Pilot and Passengers hear the aircraft audio.
The Copilot has the option to use Split-COM mode.
Aircraft Audio
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Nav/Com/XPDR/Audio Panel
PILOT
COPLT
AFCS
PASS
Split-COM
Mode Operation
Pilot & Passenger Isolate Mode
In ‘Pilot & Passenger Isolate’ mode the Pilot and Copilot hear the aircraft audio.
The Passengers hear each other.
Aircraft Audio
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
ICS Keys
COPLT
ICS Keys
PASS
Mode Operation
Copilot & Passenger Isolate Mode
In ‘Copilot & Passenger Isolate’ mode the Pilot can hear the aircraft audio. The
Copilot has the option to use Split-COM mode. The Passengers hear each other.
Aircraft Audio
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
PILOT
COPLT
PASS
Index
PILOT
Split-COM
ICS Keys
12
Mode Operation
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Nav/Com/XPDR/Audio Panel
Additional
Features
Abnormal
Operation
Annun/
Alerts
Press and hold the MUS1, MUS2, or (
) Key for two seconds to switch muting
on and off. The aural message “Mute Music on Reception Enabled/Disabled” or
“Mute Tel and Jack on Reception Enabled/Disabled” is heard.
Hazard
Avoidance
Enabling/Disabling Muting
Procedures
Selecting any key other than PILOT, COPLT, PASS, MUS1, MUS2, or
will cancel Blue-Select Mode. Pressing the small knob will also cancel Blue-Select
Mode. After approximately ten seconds with no input, the Blue-Select Mode will
automatically cancel.
Flight
Planning
The annunciator over the
Key will be flashing blue. Any combination of
the annunciators over the PILOT, COPLT, and PASS buttons may be blue. Select
the desired button to turn the blue annunciator on or off to distribute the telephone/
entertainment audio to selected crew/passenger positions. Turn the large knob to
select MUS1 or MUS2 and select the crew positions to receive the music audio.
GPS Nav
The Blue-Select Mode is entered by pressing the small knob when the volume
control cursor (flashing white annunciator) is not active. If the volume control cursor
is active, press the small knob twice. The first press will cancel the volume control
cursor, the second will activate Blue-Select Mode.
AFCS
) audio are
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
The music (MUS1/MUS2) and telephone/entertainment (
distributed using the Blue-Select Mode.
EIS
The telephone/entertainment (
) Key controls a telephone or entertainment
device connected to the rear of the audio panel or to the Front Panel Jack.
The MUS1 and MUS2 Key controls the Entertainment Music audio input.
The Front Panel Jack can be used as an entertainment input or a telephone input
(in which case, it disables the rear telephone interface). The Front Panel Jack is a 3.5mm stereo jack that is compatible with popular portable entertainment devices such
as MP3s, CD players, and cell phones. The headphone outputs of the entertainment
devices can be plugged into the Front Panel Jack or the MUS1 or MUS2 external jacks.
Flight
Instruments
TELEPHONE/ENTERTAINMENT AUDIO
Appendix
Index
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
13
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Nav/Com/XPDR/Audio Panel
Blank Page
14
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
190-01888-00 Rev. B
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
NOTE: If the attitude information required for the default flight director modes
becomes invalid or unavailable, the autopilot automatically disengages.
EIS
NOTE: If sensor information (other than attitude) required for a flight director
mode becomes invalid or unavailable, the flight director automatically reverts
to the default mode for that axis.
Flight
Instruments
AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
FLIGHT DIRECTOR ACTIVATION
GPS Nav
Control Pressed
Modes Selected
HDG Key
Heading Select
Pitch Hold (default)
PIT
Pitch Hold (default)
PIT
Appendix
Approach**
PIT
Annun/
Alerts
APR Key
Pitch Hold (default)
Abnormal
Operation
Backcourse***
PIT
*Valid VNV flight plan must be entered before VNV Key press activates flight director.
***The selected navigation receiver must have a valid LOC signal before BC Key press activates flight
director.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
15
Index
**The selected navigation receiver must have a valid VOR or LOC signal or active GPS course before
NAV or APR Key press activates flight director.
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Additional
Features
BC Key
Pitch Hold (default)
Hazard
Avoidance
Navigation**
Procedures
NAV Key
ROL
ROL
ROL
GA
ROL
ROL
ROL
ROL
GPS
VOR
LOC
BC
GPS
VOR
LOC
HDG
Vertical
Pitch Hold (default)
PIT
Pitch Hold (default)
PIT
Pitch Hold (default)
PIT
Go Around
GA
Altitude Hold
ALT
Vertical Speed
VS
Flight Level Change
FLC
Vertical Path Tracking* VPTH
Flight
Planning
FD Key
AP Key
CWS Button
TO/GA Switch
ALT Key
VS Key
FLC Key
VNV Key
Lateral
Roll Hold (default)
Roll Hold (default)
Roll Hold (default)
Go Around
Roll Hold (default)
Roll Hold (default)
Roll Hold (default)
Roll Hold (default)
AFCS
An initial press of a key listed in the following table (when the flight director is not
active) activates the pilot-side flight director in the listed modes.
VERTICAL MODES
Vertical Mode
Pitch Hold
Selected Altitude
Armed
Altitude Hold
Vertical Speed
Flight Level Change
Description
Control Annunciation
Holds the current aircraft pitch attitude;
may be used to climb/descend to the (default)
Selected Altitude
PIT
Captures the Selected Altitude
ALTS
*
Holds the current Altitude Reference
ALT Key
Maintains the current aircraft vertical
speed; may be used to climb/descend VS Key
to the Selected Altitude
Maintains the current aircraft
airspeed while the aircraft is climbing/ FLC Key
descending to the Selected Altitude
VNV
Key
Vertical Path
Tracking
Captures and tracks decent legs of an
active vertical profile
VNV Target Altitude
Capture
Captures the Vertical Navigation (VNV)
**
Target Altitude
Captures and tracks the SBAS glidepath
on approach
APR Key
Captures and tracks the ILS glideslope
on approach
Commands a constant pitch attitude
and wings level
TO/GA
Commands a constant pitch angle Switch
and wings level on the ground in
preparation for takeoff
Glidepath
Glideslope
Go Around
Takeoff
ALT
nnnnn ft
VS
nnnn fpm
FLC
nnn kt
VPTH
ALTV
GP
GS
GA
TO
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
AFCS
16
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
190-01888-00 Rev. B
AFCS
Autopilot engages and commands
pitch angle necessary to establish zero
vertical FPM
Control Annunciation
***
LVL
EIS
Level
Description
** ALTV armed automatically under VPTH when VNAV Target Altitude is to be captured instead of
Selected Altitude
NAV
Key
VOR
Abnormal
Operation
Captures and tracks the selected
navigation source (GPS, VOR, LOC)
LOC
BC Key
Annun/
Alerts
Captures and tracks a localizer signal
for backcourse approaches
Additional
Features
Navigation, GPS **
Navigation, VOR
Enroute Capture/
Track **
Navigation, LOC
Capture/Track
(No Glideslope)
Backcourse Capture/
Track
Hazard
Avoidance
Heading Select **
Procedures
Low Bank
Description
Control Annunciation
Holds the current aircraft roll attitude
or rolls the wings level, depending on (default)
ROL
the commanded bank angle
Limits the maximum commanded roll BANK
*
angle
Key
Captures and tracks the Selected HDG
HDG
Heading
Key
GPS
Flight
Planning
Roll Hold
GPS Nav
LATERAL MODES
AFCS
*** Level mode can only become activated as a function of Electronic Stability and Protection (ESP).
Refer to the Additional Features section for a detailed discussion of the optional ESP feature
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
* ALTS armed automatically when PIT, VS, FLC, or GA active, and under VPTH when Selected Altitude
is to be captured instead of VNAV Target Altitude
Lateral Mode
Flight
Instruments
Vertical Mode
BC
Appendix
Index
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
17
Lateral Mode
Description
Control Annunciation
Approach, GPS
Approach, VOR
Capture/Track
Captures and tracks the selected
APR Key
Approach, LOC
navigation source (GPS, VOR, LOC)
Capture/Track
(Glideslope Mode
automatically armed)
Commands a constant pitch angle and
Go Around
wings level in the air
TO/GA
Commands a constant pitch angle Switch
Takeoff
and wings level on the ground in
preparation for takeoff
Autopilot engages and commands
Level
***
wings level
GPS
VAPP
LOC
GA
TO
LVL
* No annunciation appears in the AFCS Status Box. The acceptable bank angle range is indicated in
green along the Roll Scale of the Attitude Indicator.
** The Heading, Navigation GPS and Navigation VOR mode maximum roll command limit will be
limited to the Low Bank mode value if it is engaged.
*** Level mode can only become activated as a function of Electronic Stability and Protection (ESP).
Refer to the Additional Features section for a detailed discussion of the optional ESP feature.
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
AFCS
18
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
190-01888-00 Rev. B
GPS Navigation
Flight
Instruments
GPS NAVIGATION
DIRECT-TO NAVIGATION
EIS
Direct-to Navigation using the MFD
1)
With the MFD selected on the controller, press the Direct-to (
2)
Enter the waypoint identifier.
3)
Press the ENT Key to confirm the identifier. The ‘Activate?’ field is
highlighted.
4)
If no altitude constraint or course is desired, press the ENT Key to activate.
To enter an altitude constraint, proceed to step 5.
5)
Turn the large FMS Knob to place the cursor over the ‘VNV’ altitude field.
6)
Enter the desired altitude.
7)
Press the ENT Key. If the waypoint entered is an airport, the option to
select MSL or AGL is now displayed. If the waypoint is not an airport,
proceed to step 9.
8)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select ‘MSL’ or ‘AGL’.
9)
Press the ENT Key. The cursor is now flashing in the VNV offset distance
field.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
) Key.
GPS Nav
Flight
Planning
Procedures
Hazard
Avoidance
11) Press the ENT Key. The ‘Activate?’ field is highlighted.
Additional
Features
12) Press the ENT Key to activate.
Direct-to Navigation using the PFD
2)
5)
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
19
Index
6)
Appendix
4)
) on the PFD or controller.
Turn the large FMS Knob to place the cursor in the desired selection field.
Turn the small FMS Knob to begin selecting the desired identifier, location,
etc.
Press the ENT Key.
The cursor is now flashing on ‘ACTIVATE?’. If no altitude constraint or
course is desired, press the ENT Key to activate. To enter an altitude
constraint, proceed to step 6.
Turn the large FMS Knob counterclockwise to place the cursor over the
‘ALT’ altitude field.
Annun/
Alerts
3)
Press the Direct-to Key (
Abnormal
Operation
1)
AFCS
10) Enter the desired offset distance before (-) the waypoint.
EIS
Flight
Instruments
GPS Navigation
7)
Turn the small FMS Knob to enter the desired altitude.
8)
Press the ENT Key. If the waypoint entered is an airport, the option to
select MSL or AGL is now displayed. If the waypoint is not an airport,
proceed to step 10.
9)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select ‘MSL’ or ‘AGL’.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
10) Press the ENT Key. The cursor is placed in the ‘OFFSET’ field.
11) Turn the small FMS Knob to enter the desired target altitude offset from
the selected Direct-to.
AFCS
12) Press the ENT Key to highlight ‘Activate?’ or turn the large FMS Knob to
highlight the ‘CRS’ field.
14) Press the ENT Key to highlight ‘ACTIVATE?’.
15) Press the ENT Key again to activate the Direct-to.
ACTIVATE A STORED FLIGHT PLAN
1)
Press the FPL Key and turn the small FMS Knob to display the Flight Plan
Catalog Page.
2)
Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
3)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the desired flight plan
4)
Select the ACTIVE Softkey. The confirmation window is now displayed.
5)
With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key to activate the flight plan. To cancel
the flight plan activation, turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘CANCEL’ and
press the ENT Key.
ACTIVATE A FLIGHT PLAN LEG
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
13) Turn the small FMS Knob to enter the desired course to the waypoint.
1)
From the Active Flight Plan Page, press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor
and turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the desired waypoint.
2)
Select the ACT LEG Softkey.
Appendix
OR
Index
Press the MENU Key, select the ‘Activate Leg’ option from the page menu
and press the ENT Key. This step must be used when activating a leg from
the PFD.
3)
20
With ‘Activate’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
190-01888-00 Rev. B
GPS Navigation
Flight
Instruments
STOP NAVIGATING A FLIGHT PLAN
2)
Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu Window.
3)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘Delete Flight Plan’ and press the ENT
Key. With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key to deactivate the flight plan.
This will not delete the stored flight plan, only the active flight plan.
VERTICAL NAVIGATION (VNAV)
AFCS
The navigation database only contains altitudes for procedures that call for “Cross
at” altitudes. If the procedure states “Expect to cross at,” the altitude is not in the
database. In this case the altitude may be entered manually.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page.
EIS
1)
GPS Nav
Flight
Planning
Large White
Text
Procedures
Large Cyan
Text
Hazard
Avoidance
Small Cyan
Text
Abnormal
Operation
Small White Text
with Altitude
Restriction Bar
Additional
Features
Small Cyan
Subdued Text
Cross AT or ABOVE 5,000 ft
Annun/
Alerts
Cross AT 2,300 ft
Appendix
Cross AT or BELOW 3,000 ft
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
21
Index
Altitudes associated with approach procedures are “auto-designated”. This means
the system will automatically use the altitudes loaded with the approach for giving
vertical flight path guidance outside the FAF. Note these altitudes are displayed as
small cyan text.
Altitudes associated with arrival procedures are “manually-designated”. This
means the system will not use the altitudes loaded with the arrival for giving vertical
flight path guidance until designated to do so by the pilot. Note that these altitudes
are initially displayed as white text. These altitudes may be “designated” by placing
the cursor over the desired altitude and pressing the ENT Key. After designation, the
text changes to cyan.
Altitudes that have been designated for use in vertical navigation may also be
made “non-designated” by placing the cursor over the desired altitude and pressing
the CLR Key. The altitude is now displayed only as a reference. It will not be used
to give vertical flight path guidance. Other displayed altitudes may change due to
re-calculations or rendered invalid as a result of manually changing an altitude to a
non-designated altitude.
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
GPS Navigation
White Text
Cyan Text
Cyan Subdued
Text
Large Text Altitude calculated by
the system estimating
the altitude of the
aircraft as it passes
over the navigation
point. This altitude
is provided as a
reference and is not
designated to be used
in determining vertical
flight path guidance.
Altitude has been
entered by the pilot.
Altitude is designated
for use in giving
vertical flight path
guidance. Altitude
does not match the
published altitude in
navigation database or
no published altitude
exists.
The system cannot
use this altitude in
determining vertical
flight path guidance.
Small Text Altitude is not
designated to be used
in determining vertical
flight path guidance.
Altitude has been
retrieved from the
navigation database
and is provided as a
reference.
Altitude is designated
for use in giving vertical
flight path guidance.
Altitude has been
retrieved from the
navigation database
or has been entered by
the pilot and matches
a published altitude
in the navigation
database.
The system cannot
use this altitude in
determining vertical
flight path guidance.
22
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Flight Planning
Flight
Instruments
FLIGHT PLANNING
WEIGHT & FUEL PLANNING
EIS
All procedures apply to the MFD unless otherwise stated.
Entering Weight Parameters
Procedures
3)
Select the FOB SYNC Softkey to enter the fuel on board quantity as read
from the aircraft fuel quantity sensors.
Additional
Features
Turn the large FMS Knob to place the cursor in the ‘FUEL ON BOARD’ field.
Or:
Annun/
Alerts
Press the FMS Knob to remove the cursor.
Abnormal
Operation
Manually enter the desired fuel quantity.
6)
TRIP PLANNING
Appendix
Turn the large FMS Knob to select the ‘AUX’ page group.
2)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the first rectangular page icon.
3)
The current ‘PAGE MODE’ is displayed at the top of the page: ‘AUTOMATIC’ or
‘MANUAL’. To change the page mode, press the AUTO or MANUAL Softkey.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
23
Index
1)
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Hazard
Avoidance
2)
Enter the desired reserve fuel quantity.
Flight
Planning
If necessary, press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
5)
GPS Nav
1)
Press the ENT Key. The cursor is now in the ‘FUEL RESERVES’ field.
AFCS
Entering Fuel Parameters
4)
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
The Weight, Fuel, Exceedances Page is displayed after system power-up. If it is
necessary to return to this page, turn the large FMS Knob to select the ‘AUX’ page
group. Turn the small FMS Knob to select the ‘WEIGHT PLANNING’ page.
1) Select the EMPTY WT Softkey to place the cursor in the Basic Empty
Weight field.
2) Enter the desired aircraft empty weight.
3) Press the ENT Key. The cursor is now over the ‘PILOT & STORES’ field.
4) Enter the desired weight of Pilot & Stores.
5) Press the ENT Key.
6) Continue repeating these steps until all desired weights have been entered.
Flight Planning
Flight
Instruments
4)
For Direct-to planning:
a) Press the WPTS Softkey and verify that the starting waypoint field
indicates ‘P.POS’ (present position).
EIS
b) If necessary, press the MENU Key and select ‘Set WPT to Present
Position’ to display ‘P.POS’.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
c) Press the ENT Key and the flashing cursor moves to the ending
waypoint field.
AFCS
d) Enter the identifier of the ending waypoint and press the ENT Key to
accept the waypoint.
Or:
GPS Nav
For point-to-point planning:
a) Enter the identifier of the starting waypoint.
Flight
Planning
b) Once the waypoint’s identifier is entered, press the ENT Key to accept
the waypoint. The flashing cursor moves to the ending waypoint.
c) Again, enter the identifier of the ending waypoint.
Procedures
d) Press the ENT Key to accept the waypoint.
Or:
Hazard
Avoidance
For flight plan leg planning:
a) Press the FPL Softkey (at the bottom of the display).
Additional
Features
b) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the desired flight plan (already
stored in memory), by number.
c) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the ‘LEG’ field.
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
d) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the desired leg of the flight plan, or
select ‘CUM’ to apply trip planning calculations to the entire flight plan.
Selecting ‘FPL 00’ displays the active flight plan. If an active flight plan
is selected, ‘REM’ is an available option to display planning data for the
remainder of the flight plan.
Appendix
NOTE: The page mode must be set to ‘MANUAL’ to perform the following
steps.
5)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the departure time (DEP TIME) field.
Index
NOTE: The departure time on the Trip Planning Page is used for preflight
planning. Refer to the Utility Page for the actual flight departure time.
24
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Flight Planning
8)
The flashing cursor moves to the fuel flow field. Enter the fuel flow. Press
the ENT Key when finished. Note that in ‘AUTOMATIC’ page mode, fuel flow
is provided by the system.
9)
The flashing cursor moves to the fuel onboard field. Enter the fuel onboard.
Press the ENT Key when finished. Note that in ‘AUTOMATIC’ page mode, fuel
onboard is provided by the fuel totalizer.
Abnormal
Operation
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the User WPT Information Page.
3)
Press the NEW Softkey. A waypoint is created at the current aircraft
position.
4)
Enter the desired waypoint name.
5)
Press the ENT Key.
Appendix
2)
Annun/
Alerts
Turn the large FMS Knob on the MFD to select the ‘WPT’ page group.
Additional
Features
CREATE A USER WAYPOINT DEFINED BY LATITUDE & LONGITUDE
1)
Hazard
Avoidance
13) The flashing cursor moves to the air temperature (TOTAL AIR TEMP) field. Enter
the desired air temperature. Press the ENT Key when finished. Note that in
‘AUTOMATIC’ page mode, air temperature is provided by the system outside
air temperature.
Procedures
12) The flashing cursor moves to the barometric setting (PRESSURE) field. Enter
the desired baro setting. Press the ENT Key when finished. Note that in
‘AUTOMATIC’ page mode, the baro setting is provided by the setting entered
on the PFD.
Flight
Planning
11) The flashing cursor moves to the altitude (IND ALTITUDE) field. Enter the
altitude. Press the ENT Key when finished. Note that in ‘AUTOMATIC’ page
mode, altitude is provided by the system.
GPS Nav
10) The flashing cursor moves to the calibrated airspeed (CALIBRATED AS) field.
Enter the calibrated airspeed. Press the ENT Key when finished. Note that
in ‘AUTOMATIC’ page mode, calibrated airspeed is provided by the system.
AFCS
The flashing cursor moves to the ground speed (GS) field. Enter the ground
speed. Press the ENT Key when finished. Note that in ‘automatic’ page
mode, ground speed is provided by the system.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
7)
EIS
Enter the departure time. Press the ENT Key when finished. Departure time
may be entered in local or UTC time, depending upon system settings.
Flight
Instruments
6)
Index
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
25
Flight Planning
Flight
Instruments
6)
The cursor is now in the ‘WAYPOINT TYPE’ field. If desired, the waypoint
can be made temporary (deleted automatically when the system is turned
off). If the waypoint is to remain in the system, proceed to step 7.
EIS
a) Turn the large FMS Knob one click to the left to highlight
‘TEMPORARY’.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
With the cursor in the ‘WAYPOINT TYPE’ field, turn the small FMS Knob to
display a list of waypoint types.
8)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select LAT/LON (latitude and longitude).
9)
Press the ENT Key.
CREATE A USER WAYPOINT DEFINED BY RADIALS FROM OTHER WAYPOINTS
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
7)
AFCS
b) Press the ENT Key to place a check-mark in the box. Turn the large
FMS Knob to place the cursor back in the ‘WAYPOINT TYPE’ field.
1)
Turn the large FMS Knob on the MFD to select the ‘WPT’ page group.
2)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the User WPT Information Page.
3)
Press the NEW Softkey. A waypoint is created at the current aircraft
position.
4)
Enter the desired waypoint name.
5)
Press the ENT Key.
6)
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
The cursor is now in the ‘WAYPOINT TYPE’ field. If desired, the waypoint
can be made temporary (deleted automatically when the system is turned
off). If the waypoint is to remain in the system, proceed to step 7.
a) Turn the large FMS Knob one click to the left to highlight
‘TEMPORARY’.
b) Press the ENT Key to place a check-mark in the box. Turn the large
FMS Knob to place the cursor back in the ‘WAYPOINT TYPE’ field.
7) With the cursor in the ‘WAYPOINT TYPE’ field, turn the small FMS Knob to
display a list of waypoint types.
8) Turn the small FMS Knob to select RAD/RAD (radial/radial).
9) Press the ENT Key.
10) The cursor moves to the ‘REFERENCE WAYPOINTS’ field. With the first
waypoint name highlighted, use the FMS Knobs to enter the desired
waypoint name. Waypoints may also be selected as follows:
26
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Flight Planning
GPS Nav
Flight
Planning
Procedures
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
Abnormal
Operation
Annun/
Alerts
15) Press the ENT Key.
Index
16) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
Appendix
14) Press the ENT Key. The cursor is displayed in the ‘RAD’ (radial) field for the
second waypoint. Enter the desired radial from the reference waypoint.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
AFCS
13) Repeat step 10 to enter the next waypoint name.
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
12) Press the ENT Key.
EIS
11) Press the ENT Key. The cursor is displayed in the ‘RAD’ (radial) field. Enter
the desired radial from the reference waypoint.
Flight
Instruments
a) When a flight plan is active, turning the small FMS Knob to the left will
display a list of the flight plan waypoints.
b) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the desired waypoint.
c) Press the ENT Key.
Or:
a) Turn the small FMS Knob to the left. Initially, a flight plan waypoint list
is displayed.
b) Turn the small FMS Knob to the right to display the ‘NRST’ airports to
the aircraft’s current position.
c) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the desired waypoint.
d) Press the ENT Key.
Or:
a) Turn the small FMS Knob to the left. Initially, a flight plan waypoint list
is displayed.
b) Turn the small FMS Knob to the right to display the ‘RECENT’
waypoints.
c) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the desired waypoint.
d) Press the ENT Key.
Or:
a) Turn the small FMS Knob to the left. Initially, a flight plan waypoint list
is displayed.
b) Turn the small FMS Knob to the right to display the ‘USER’ waypoints.
c) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the desired waypoint.
d) Press the ENT Key.
27
CREATE A USER WAYPOINT DEFINED BY A RADIAL & DISTANCE FROM
ANOTHER WAYPOINT
1)
Turn the large FMS Knob on the MFD to select the ‘WPT’ page group.
2)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the User WPT Information Page.
3)
Press the NEW Softkey. A waypoint is created at the current aircraft
position.
4)
Enter the desired waypoint name.
5)
Press the ENT Key.
6)
The cursor is now in the ‘WAYPOINT TYPE’ field. If desired, the waypoint
can be made temporary (deleted automatically when the system is turned
off). If the waypoint is to remain in the system, proceed to step 7.
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Flight Planning
Flight
Planning
a) Turn the large FMS Knob one click to the left to highlight
‘TEMPORARY’.
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
b) Press the ENT Key to place a check-mark in the box. Turn the large
FMS Knob to place the cursor back in the ‘WAYPOINT TYPE’ field.
7)
With the cursor in the ‘WAYPOINT TYPE’ field, turn the small FMS Knob to
display a list of waypoint types.
8)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select RAD/DIS (radial/distance).
9)
Press the ENT Key.
Additional
Features
10) The cursor moves to the ‘REFERENCE WAYPOINTS’ field. With the first
waypoint name highlighted, use the FMS Knobs to enter the desired
waypoint name. Waypoints may also be selected as follows:
Abnormal
Operation
a) When a flight plan is active, turning the small FMS Knob to the left will
display a list of the flight plan waypoints.
b) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the desired waypoint.
Annun/
Alerts
c) Press the ENT Key.
Or:
Appendix
a) Turn the small FMS Knob to the left. Initially, a flight plan waypoint list
is displayed.
Index
b) Turn the small FMS Knob to the right to display the ‘NRST’ airports to
the aircraft’s current position.
c) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the desired waypoint.
d) Press the ENT Key.
28
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Flight Planning
a) Turn the small FMS Knob to the left. Initially, a flight plan waypoint list
is displayed.
EIS
b) Turn the small FMS Knob to the right to display the ‘RECENT’
waypoints.
Flight
Instruments
Or:
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
c) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the desired waypoint.
d) Press the ENT Key.
Or:
c) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the desired waypoint.
GPS Nav
b) Turn the small FMS Knob to the right to display the ‘USER’ waypoints.
AFCS
a) Turn the small FMS Knob to the left. Initially, a flight plan waypoint list
is displayed.
d) Press the ENT Key.
Procedures
12) Press the ENT Key.
13) The cursor is now displayed in the ‘DIS’ (distance) field. Enter the desired
distance from the reference waypoint.
Hazard
Avoidance
14) Press the ENT Key.
15) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
Additional
Features
DELETE A USER WAYPOINT
Turn the large FMS Knob to select the ‘WPT’ page group.
2)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the User WPT Information Page.
3)
Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
4)
Turn the large FMS Knob to the place the cursor in the ‘USER WAYPOINT LIST’
field.
5)
Turn the small FMS Knob to highlight the desired waypoint.
6)
Press the DELETE Softkey.
7)
The message ‘Would you like to delete the user waypoint?’ is displayed. With
‘YES’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
Appendix
Index
29
Annun/
Alerts
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
Abnormal
Operation
1)
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Flight
Planning
11) Press the ENT Key. The cursor is displayed in the ‘RAD’ (radial) field. Enter
the desired radial from the reference waypoint.
CREATE A FLIGHT PLAN
NOTE: When creating a flight plan in the Active Flight Plan Window, the first
leg is activated automatically after it is created.
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Flight Planning
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Creating an active flight plan:
1) Press the FPL Key.
2) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor (only on MFD).
3) Turn the small FMS Knob to display the Waypoint Information Window.
(Turning it clockwise displays a blank Waypoint Information Window,
turning it counter-clockwise displays the Waypoint Information Window
with a waypoint selection submenu allowing selection of active flight plan,
nearest, recent, user, or airway waypoints).
4) Enter the identifier, facility, or city name of the departure waypoint or select
a waypoint from the submenu of waypoints and press the ENT Key. The
active flight plan is modified as each waypoint is entered.
5) Repeat step numbers 3 and 4 to enter each additional flight plan waypoint.
6) When all waypoints have been entered, press the FMS Knob to remove the
cursor.
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Creating a stored flight plan:
1) Press the FPL Key.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob clockwise to display the Flight Plan Catalog Page.
3) Press the NEW Softkey; or press the MENU Key, highlight ‘Create New
Flight Plan’, and press the ENT Key to display a blank flight plan for the
first empty storage location.
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to display the Waypoint Information Window.
(Turning it clockwise displays a blank Waypoint Information Window,
turning it counter-clockwise displays the Waypoint Information Window
with a waypoint selection submenu allowing selection of active flight plan,
nearest, recent, user, or airway waypoints).
5) Enter the identifier, facility, or city name of the departure waypoint or select
a waypoint from the submenu of waypoints and press the ENT Key.
6) Repeat step numbers 4 and 5 to enter each additional flight plan waypoint.
7) When all waypoints have been entered, press the FMS Knob to return to
the Flight Plan Catalog Page. The new flight plan is now in the list.
30
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Flight Planning
NOTE: See the Annunciations & Alerts section for flight plan import message
descriptions.
2)
Press the FPL Key on the MFD to display the Active Flight Plan Page.
3)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the Flight Plan Catalog Page.
4)
Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
5)
Turn either FMS Knob to highlight an empty or existing flight plan.
6)
Press the IMPORT Softkey.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Insert the SD card containing the flight plan in the top card slot on the MFD.
AFCS
8)
Press the ENT Key.
Additional
Features
Turn the small FMS Knob to highlight the desired flight plan for importing.
Abnormal
Operation
INSERT A WAYPOINT IN THE ACTIVE FLIGHT PLAN
2)
If required, press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
3)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the desired flight plan waypoint. The
new waypoint is inserted before the highlighted waypoint.
4)
Turn the small FMS Knob. The Waypoint Information Window is now
displayed.
5)
Enter the new flight plan waypoint by one of the following:
Appendix
Press the FPL Key to display the active flight plan.
Annun/
Alerts
1)
Index
a) Enter the user waypoint identifier, facility, or city.
b) Press the ENT Key.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
Hazard
Avoidance
7)
Procedures
If an existing flight plan is selected, an ‘Overwrite existing flight plan?
OK or CANCEL’ prompt is displayed. Press the ENT Key to choose to
overwrite the selected flight plan and see a list of the available flight
plans on the SD card. If overwriting the existing flight plan is not
desired, select ‘CANCEL’ using the FMS Knob, press the ENT Key, select
another existing or empty flight plan, and again press the IMPORT
Softkey.
Flight
Planning
Or:
GPS Nav
If an empty flight plan is selected, a list of the available flight plans on
the SD card will be displayed.
190-01888-00 Rev. B
EIS
1)
Flight
Instruments
IMPORT A FLIGHT PLAN FROM AN SD CARD
31
Flight Planning
Flight
Instruments
Or:
a) Turn the small FMS Knob to the left. Initially, a flight plan waypoint list
is displayed.
EIS
b) Turn the small FMS Knob to the right to display the ‘NRST’ airport
waypoints to the aircraft’s current position.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
c) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the desired waypoint.
d) Press the ENT Key.
Or:
AFCS
a) Turn the small FMS Knob to the left. Initially, a flight plan waypoint list
is displayed.
GPS Nav
b) Turn the small FMS Knob to the right to display the ‘RECENT’
waypoints.
c) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the desired waypoint.
e) Press the ENT Key again to accept the waypoint.
ENTER AN AIRWAY IN A FLIGHT PLAN
1)
Press the FPL Key.
2)
Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor (not required on the PFD).
3)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the waypoint after the desired airway
entry point. If this waypoint is not a valid airway entry point, a valid entry
point should be entered at this time.
4)
Turn the small FMS Knob one click clockwise and press the LD AIRWY
Softkey, or press the MENU Key and select “Load Airway”. The Select
Airway Page is displayed. The LD AIRWY Softkey or the “Load Airway”
menu item is available only when an acceptable airway entry waypoint has
been chosen (the waypoint ahead of the cursor position).
5)
Turn the FMS Knob to select the desired airway from the list, and press the
ENT Key. Low altitude airways are shown first in the list, followed by “all”
altitude airways, and then high altitude airways.
6)
Turn the FMS Knob to select the desired airway exit point from the list, and
press the ENT Key. ‘LOAD?’ is highlighted.
7)
Press the ENT Key. The system returns to editing the flight plan with the
new airway inserted.
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
d) Press the ENT Key.
32
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Flight Planning
A holding pattern can be defined at any active flight plan waypoint, or at the aircraft
present position.
EIS
Creating a user-defined hold at an active flight plan waypoint:
Flight
Instruments
USER-DEFINED HOLDING PATTERNS
Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page (MFD) or the Active
Flight Plan Window (PFD).
2)
Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor (not required on the PFD) and
turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the waypoint for the hold.
3)
Press the MENU Key, highlight ‘Hold At Wpt’, and press the ENT Key. The
HOLD AT window appears with the course field highlighted.
AFCS
4)
Use the FMS Knobs to edit the entry course, and press the ENT Key.
5)
Use the small FMS Knob to select ‘INBOUND’ or ‘OUTBOUND’ course
direction, and press the ENT Key.
GPS Nav
6)
Use the small FMS Knob to select ‘TIME’ or ‘DIST’ length mode, and press
the ENT Key.
7)
Use the FMS Knobs to edit the length, and press the ENT Key.
8)
Use the small FMS Knob to select ‘RIGHT’ or ‘LEFT’ turn direction, and
press the ENT Key.
9)
Use the FMS Knobs to edit the Expect Further Clearance Time (EFC TIME),
and press the ENT Key.
Procedures
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
Press the MENU Key, highlight ‘Hold At Present Position’, and press the
ENT Key. The HOLD AT window appears with the Length mode highlighted.
3)
Use the small FMS Knob to select ‘TIME’ or ‘DIST’ length mode, and press
the ENT Key.
4)
Use the FMS Knobs to edit the length, and press the ENT Key.
5)
Use the small FMS Knob to select ‘RIGHT’ or ‘LEFT’ turn direction, and
press the ENT Key.
Index
2)
Appendix
Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page (MFD) or the Active
Flight Plan Window (PFD).
Annun/
Alerts
1)
Abnormal
Operation
Creating a user-defined hold at the aircraft present position:
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
Flight
Planning
10) Press the ENT Key while ‘LOAD?’ is highlighted to add the hold into the
flight plan.
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
1)
33
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Flight Planning
6)
Use the FMS Knobs to edit the Expect Further Clearance Time (EFC TIME),
and press the ENT Key.
7)
Press the ENT Key while ‘ACTIVATE?’ is highlighted to immediately activate
the hold.
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Creating a User-Defined Hold at a Direct-To Waypoint:
1)
Press a Direct-to Key and set up the Direct To waypoint as desired, but
select ‘HOLD?’ instead of ‘ACTIVATE?’ when finished.
2)
Use the FMS Knobs to edit the entry course, and press the ENT Key.
3)
Use the small FMS Knob to select ‘INBOUND’ or ‘OUTBOUND’ course
direction, and press the ENT Key.
4)
Use the small FMS Knob to select ‘TIME’ or ‘DIST’ length mode, and press
the ENT Key.
5)
Use the FMS Knobs to edit the length, and press the ENT Key.
6)
Use the small FMS Knob to select ‘RIGHT’ or ‘LEFT’ turn direction, and
press the ENT Key.
7)
Use the FMS Knobs to edit the Expect Further Clearance Time (EFC TIME),
and press the ENT Key.
8)
Press the ENT Key while ‘ACTIVATE?’ is highlighted to activate the Direct To
with the user-defined hold defined at the Direct To waypoint.
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Removing a user-defined hold (created at the aircraft present position
or at a Direct-To waypoint):
1)
Press the Direct To Key to display the DIRECT TO Window (PFD or MFD).
2)
Press the MENU Key to display the PAGE MENU with the cursor on the
‘Cancel Direct To NAV’ selection.
3)
Press the ENT Key. The holding pattern is removed.
Index
Appendix
Removing a user-defined hold (created at an active flight plan
waypoint):
34
1)
Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page (MFD) or the Active
Flight Plan Window (PFD).
2)
Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor (not required on the PFD) and
turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the HOLD waypoint.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Flight Planning
4)
Select ‘OK’ and press the ENT Key. The holding pattern is removed from
the active flight plan. Select ‘CANCEL’ and press the ENT Key to cancel the
removal of the holding pattern.
2)
Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu.
3)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘Invert Flight Plan’.
4)
Press the ENT Key. The original flight plan remains intact in its flight plan
catalog storage location.
5)
With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key to invert the flight plan.
GPS Nav
Press the FPL Key to display the active flight plan.
AFCS
1)
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
INVERT AN ACTIVE FLIGHT PLAN
Or, for a stored flight plan:
Hazard
Avoidance
a) Press the FPL Key on the MFD.
Procedures
Press the FPL Key to display the active flight plan. Press the FMS Knob to
activate the cursor.
Flight
Planning
REMOVE A DEPARTURE, ARRIVAL, APPROACH, OR AIRWAY FROM A FLIGHT
PLAN
1)
EIS
Press the CLR Key. A ‘Remove Holding Pattern?’ confirmation window is
displayed.
Flight
Instruments
3)
b) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the Flight Plan Catalog Page.
Additional
Features
c) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
d) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the desired flight plan.
e) Press the EDIT Softkey.
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the title for the approach, departure,
arrival, or airway to be deleted. Titles appear in white directly above the
procedure’s waypoints.
Abnormal
Operation
3)
Press the CLR Key to display a confirmation window.
Annun/
Alerts
4)
With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key to remove the selected procedure
or airway.
Appendix
2)
Index
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
35
STORE A FLIGHT PLAN
After creating a flight plan on either the PFD or MFD, it may be saved by
pressing the MENU Key.
2)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘Store Flight Plan’ and press the ENT Key.
3)
With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key to store the flight plan.
GPS Nav
Flight
Planning
1)
Press the FPL Key on the MFD, then turn the small FMS Knob to display the
Flight Plan Catalog Page.
2)
Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
3)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the desired flight plan.
4)
Press the EDIT Softkey.
5)
Turn the large FMS Knob to place the cursor in the desired location.
6)
Enter the changes, then press the ENT Key.
7)
Press the FMS Knob to return to the Flight Plan Catalog Page.
DELETE A WAYPOINT FROM THE FLIGHT PLAN
1)
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
1)
EDIT A STORED FLIGHT PLAN
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Flight Planning
Press the FPL Key to display the active flight plan. Press the FMS Knob to
activate the cursor.
Or, for a stored flight plan:
Additional
Features
a) Press the FPL Key on the MFD.
b) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the Flight Plan Catalog Page.
Abnormal
Operation
c) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
d) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the desired flight plan.
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
e) Press the EDIT Softkey.
36
2)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the waypoint to be deleted.
3)
Press the CLR Key to display a ‘REMOVE (Wpt Name)?’ confirmation window.
4)
With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key to remove the waypoint. To cancel
the delete request, turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘CANCEL’ and press
the ENT Key.
5)
Once all changes have been made, press the FMS Knob to remove the cursor.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Flight Planning
Flight
Instruments
INVERT AND ACTIVATE A STORED FLIGHT PLAN
Press the FPL Key on the MFD.
2)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the Flight Plan Catalog Page.
3)
Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
4)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the desired flight plan.
5)
Press the INVERT Softkey. ‘Invert and activate stored flight plan?’ is displayed.
6)
With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key. The selected flight plan is now
inverted and activated. The original flight plan remains intact in its flight plan
catalog storage location.
EIS
1)
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
AFCS
GPS Nav
COPY A FLIGHT PLAN
Press the FPL Key on the MFD.
2)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the Flight Plan Catalog Page.
3)
Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
4)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the flight plan to be copied.
5)
Press the COPY Softkey. A ‘Copy to flight plan #?’ confirmation window is
displayed.
6)
With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key to copy the flight plan. To cancel,
turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘CANCEL’ and press the ENT Key.
Flight
Planning
1)
Procedures
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
DELETE A FLIGHT PLAN
Press the FPL Key on the MFD.
2)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the Flight Plan Catalog Page.
3)
Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
4)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the flight plan to be deleted.
5)
Press the DELETE Softkey. A ‘Delete flight plan #?’ confirmation window is
displayed.
6)
With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key to delete the flight plan. To cancel,
turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘CANCEL’ and press the ENT Key.
Abnormal
Operation
1)
Annun/
Alerts
Appendix
Index
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
37
GRAPHICAL FLIGHT PLAN CREATION
1)
Press the FPL Key on the MFD to display the Active Flight Plan Page.
2)
Press the Joystick to activate the map pointer. Use the Joystick to move
the pointer to the desired point on the map to be inserted as a waypoint in
the flight plan.
3)
The default insertion point is at the end of the flight plan. If the selected
waypoint is to be placed anywhere other than the end of the flight plan,
press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor. Waypoints are inserted ABOVE
the cursor. Turn the large FMS Knob to select the desired insertion point.
4)
Press the LD WPT Softkey. The selected waypoint is inserted at the selected
point. The default user waypoint naming is USR000, USR001, USR002, and
so on.
5)
To change the user waypoint name, follow the procedure for modifying a user
waypoint.
EXPORT A FLIGHT PLAN TO AN SD CARD
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Flight Planning
1)
Insert the SD card into the top card slot on the MFD.
2)
Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page on the MFD.
3)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the Flight Plan Catalog Page.
4)
Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
5)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the flight plan to be exported.
6)
Press the EXPORT Softkey.
7)
Press the ENT Key to confirm the export.
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
NOTE: See the Annunciations & Alerts section for flight plan export message
descriptions.
38
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Procedures
Flight
Instruments
PROCEDURES
LOAD AND ACTIVATE A DEPARTURE PROCEDURE
EIS
3)
Press the ENT Key. The cursor is displayed in the ‘DEPARTURE’ field with a
list of available departures.
4)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the desired departure.
5)
Press the ENT Key. A list of runways may be displayed for the departure. If
so, turn either FMS Knob to select the desired runway.
6)
Press the ENT Key. The cursor is displayed in the ‘TRANSITION’ field with a
list of available transitions.
7)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the desired transition.
8)
Press the ENT Key.
9)
With ‘LOAD?’ highlighted, press the ENT Key. The departure is active when
the flight plan is active.
Flight
Planning
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘SELECT DEPARTURE’.
Hazard
Avoidance
Press the FPL Key for the MFD to display the active flight plan.
2)
Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
3)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the desired waypoint within the
departure.
4)
Select the ACT LEG Softkey. A confirmation window showing the selected
leg is displayed.
5)
With ‘ACTIVATE’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
Additional
Features
1)
Abnormal
Operation
Annun/
Alerts
LOAD AN ARRIVAL PROCEDURE
Press the PROC Key.
2)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘SELECT ARRIVAL’.
3)
Press the ENT Key. The cursor is displayed in the ‘ARRIVAL’ field with a list
of available arrivals.
Appendix
1)
39
Index
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
Procedures
ACTIVATE A DEPARTURE LEG
190-01888-00 Rev. B
GPS Nav
2)
AFCS
Press the PROC Key.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
1)
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Procedures
4)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the desired arrival.
5)
Press the ENT Key. A list of transitions is displayed for the selected arrival.
6)
Turn either FMS Knob to select the desired transition.
7)
Press the ENT Key. A list of runways may be displayed for the selected
arrival.
8)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the desired runway.
9)
Press the ENT Key.
10) With ‘LOAD?’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
AFCS
11) The arrival becomes part of the active flight plan.
GPS Nav
12) If an altitude associated with a waypoint in an arrival procedure is to be
used to calculate vertical guidance perform the following steps:
a) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
c) Press the ENT Key to designate the altitude for use in giving vertical
guidance.
ACTIVATE AN ARRIVAL LEG
1)
Press the FPL Key to display the active flight plan.
2)
Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
3)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the desired waypoint within the
arrival.
4)
Select the ACT LEG Softkey. A confirmation window showing the selected
leg is displayed.
5)
With ‘ACTIVATE’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
LOAD AND/OR ACTIVATE AN APPROACH PROCEDURE
NOTE: If certain GPS parameters (SBAS, RAIM, etc.) are not available, some
published approach procedures for the desired airport may not be displayed
in the list of available approaches.
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
b) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the desired waypoint altitude.
40
1)
Press the PROC Key.
2)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘SELECT APPROACH’.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Procedures
Press the ENT Key. A list of available approaches for the destination airport
is displayed.
4)
Turn either FMS Knob to highlight the desired approach.
5)
Press the ENT Key. A list of available transitions for the selected approach
procedure is now displayed.
EIS
6)
Turn either FMS Knob to select the desired transition. The “Vectors”
option assumes vectors will be received to the final course segment of
the approach and will provide navigation guidance relative to the final
approach course.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
7)
Press the ENT Key. The cursor moves to the MINIMUMS field.
8)
If desired, the DA/MDA for the selected approach procedure may be
entered and displayed on the PFD. Turn the small FMS Knob in the
direction of the green arrow to change the display from OFF to BARO or
TEMP COMP.
9)
Press the ENT Key. The cursor moves to the altitude field. Turn the small
FMS Knob to enter the published DA/MDA for the selected approach
procedure.
Flight
Instruments
3)
AFCS
GPS Nav
Flight
Planning
Procedures
Hazard
Avoidance
10) Press the ENT Key. If BARO, or OFF was selected step 8, proceed to step
11. If TEMP COMP was selected in step 8, the cursor moves to the ‘TEMP
AT....” field. Turn the small FMS Knob to enter the temperature at the
destination airport. The temperature compensated altitude minimum is
displayed below the previously enter minimum altitude value.
Additional
Features
Abnormal
Operation
11) Press the ENT Key. ‘LOAD? or ACTIVATE?’ is now displayed with ‘LOAD?’
highlighted.
12) Turn the large FMS Knob to select either ‘LOAD?’ or ‘ACTIVATE?’.
Annun/
Alerts
Selecting ‘LOAD?’ enters the selected approach procedure into the active
flight plan, but is not currently active. Selecting ‘ACTIVATE?’ enters the
selected approach procedure into the active flight plan and activates the
first leg of the approach.
Appendix
13) Press the ENT Key.
Index
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
41
ACTIVATE AN APPROACH IN THE ACTIVE FLIGHT PLAN
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
2)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘ACTIVATE APPROACH’.
3)
Press the ENT Key.
1)
Press the PROC Key.
2)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘ACTIVATE VECTOR-TO-FINAL’.
3)
Press the ENT Key.
4)
The final approach course becomes the active leg.
ACTIVATE A MISSED APPROACH IN THE ACTIVE FLIGHT PLAN
1)
Press the PROC Key.
2)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘ACTIVATE MISSED APPROACH’.
3)
Press the ENT Key. A confirmation window is displayed.
4)
With ‘ACTIVATE’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
Or:
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
Press the PROC Key.
Press the go-around button:
TEMPERATURE COMPENSATED ALTITUDE
When temperature compensated altitude is enabled for the loaded approach, the
altitudes associated with the approach waypoints are displayed in slanted text.
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
1)
ACTIVATE A VECTOR TO FINAL APPROACH FIX
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Procedures
Index
Altitudes Displayed Without
Temperature Compensation
42
Altitudes Displayed With
Temperature Compensation
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Procedures
EIS
Use the small FMS Knob to select the temperature at the <airport>. The
compensated altitude is computed as the temperature is selected.
Press the ENT Key. ‘ACTIVATE COMPENSATION?’ is highlighted.
6)
Press the ENT Key. The compensated altitudes for the approach are
AFCS
5)
GPS Nav
shown in the flight plan.
Flight
Planning
Disabling temperature compensated altitude:
1) From the Active Flight Plan Page, press the MENU Key. The Page Menu is
displayed.
2) Turn the FMS Knob to highlight ‘Temperature Compensation’.
3) Press the ENT Key. The TEMPERATURE COMPENSATION Window is
displayed.
4) Press the ENT Key. ‘CANCEL COMPENSATION?’ is highlighted.
Procedures
Press the ENT Key. The temperature compensated altitude at the FAF
is cancelled.
Hazard
Avoidance
5)
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
4)
Flight
Instruments
Enabling temperature compensated altitude:
1) From the Active Flight Plan Page, press the MENU Key. The Page Menu is
displayed.
2) Turn the FMS Knob to highlight ‘Temperature Compensation’.
3) Press the ENT Key. The TEMPERATURE COMPENSATION Window is
displayed.
Additional
Features
Abnormal
Operation
Annun/
Alerts
Appendix
Index
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
43
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Procedures
Blank Page
44
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Hazard Avoidance
Flight
Instruments
HAZARD AVOIDANCE
CUSTOMIZING THE HAZARD DISPLAYS ON THE NAVIGATION MAP
With the Navigation Map Page displayed, press the MENU Key to display
the Navigation Map Page Menu. The cursor flashes on the ‘Map Setup’
option.
2)
Press the ENT Key. The Map Setup Menu is displayed. Turn the small FMS
Knob to select ‘Weather’ to customize the display of weather features.
Select ‘Traffic’ to customize the display of traffic.
3)
Press the small FMS Knob to return to the Navigation Map Page.
EIS
1)
AFCS
GPS Nav
Procedures
Displaying Stormscope Lightning Data on the Navigation Map Page
Select the MAP Softkey.
2)
Select the STRMSCP Softkey. Select the STRMSCP Softkey again to
remove Stormscope Lightning Data from the Navigation Map Page.
Hazard
Avoidance
1)
Additional
Features
Symbol
Abnormal
Operation
Strike is between 6 and 60 seconds old
Annun/
Alerts
Strike is between 1 and 2 minutes old
Strike is between 2 and 3 minutes old
With the Weather Group selected, press the ENT Key. The cursor flashes on
‘STRMSCP LTNG’.
2)
Turn the large FMS Knob to select ‘STRMSCP MODE’.
3)
Turn the small FMS Knob to display the ‘Cell/Strike’ window.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
Index
1)
Appendix
Select ‘Cell’ or ‘Strike’ as the Stormscope Lightning Mode
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Flight
Planning
WARNING: The Stormscope system is not intended to be used for hazardous
thunderstorm penetration. Weather information on the G1000 MFD is
approved for weather avoidance only. Refer to the WX-500 Pilot’s Guide for
detailed operation.
Lightning Age
Strike is less than 6 seconds old
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
STORMSCOPE® (OPTIONAL)
45
Flight
Instruments
Hazard Avoidance
4)
Turn either FMS Knob to select ‘Cell’ or ‘Strike’. Press the ENT Key.
5)
Push the FMS Knob to return to the Navigation Map Page.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Clear Stormscope Lightning Data from the Navigation Map Page
1)
Press the MENU Key (with the Navigation Map Page displayed).
2)
Turn either FMS Knob to highlight the ‘Clear Stormscope® Lightning’ field
and press the ENT Key.
NOTE: If heading input is lost, strikes and/or cells must be cleared manually
AFCS
after the execution of each turn. This is to ensure that the strike and/or cell
positions are depicted accurately in relation to the nose of the aircraft.
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
Stormscope Page
1)
Turn the large FMS Knob until the Map Page group is selected.
2)
Turn the small FMS Knob until the Stormscope Page is selected.
1)
Select the Stormscope Page.
2)
Select the MODE Softkey. The CELL and STRIKE Softkeys are displayed.
Select the CELL Softkey to display ‘CELL’ data or select the STRIKE Softkey
to display ‘STRIKE’ data. ‘CELL’ or ‘STRIKE’ is displayed in the mode box
located in the upper left corner of the Stormscope Page.
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Change the Stormscope Lightning Mode Between ‘Cell’ and ‘Strike’
Additional
Features
NOTE: “Cell mode” uses a clustering program to identify clusters of electrical
activity that indicate cells.
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Change the Viewing Mode Between 360˚ and 120˚
1)
Select the Stormscope Page.
2)
Select the VIEW Softkey. The 360 and ARC Softkeys are displayed. Select
the 360 Softkey to display a 360˚ viewing area or select the ARC Softkey to
display a 120˚ viewing area.
Index
Appendix
Select the CLEAR Softkey to remove all Stormscope lightning data from the
display.
46
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Hazard Avoidance
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Displaying SiriusXM on the Navigation Map Page
Press the MAP Softkey.
2)
Press the NEXRAD and/or XM LTNG Softkey to display the desired
weather. Press the applicable softkey again to remove weather data from
the Navigation Map Page.
3)
Winds Aloft can be displayed in the Profile View by selecting the PROFILE
Softkey.
AFCS
1)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the Airport Information Page.
3)
Press the WX Softkey to display METAR and TAF text (METAR and TAF
information is updated every 12 minutes).
Procedures
2)
Flight
Planning
Turn the large FMS Knob to select the WPT Page Group.
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the desired Weather Data Link Page.
3)
Press the MENU Key.
4)
Turn the large FMS Knob to select ‘Display XM Weather’, or ‘Display
Connext Weather’ and press the ENT Key.
Abnormal
Operation
2)
Additional
Features
Turn the large FMS Knob on the MFD to select the MAP page group.
Hazard
Avoidance
Switching Between SiriusXM, and Connext Weather Sources
1)
Displaying Weather on the Weather Data Link Page
Turn the large FMS Knob to select the Map Page Group.
2)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the Weather Data Link Page.
3)
Press the available softkeys to select the desired SiriusXM Weather product.
4)
Press the LEGEND Softkey to view the legends for the selected products. If
necessary, turn either FMS Knob to scroll through the list. Press the small
FMS Knob or the ENT Key to return to the map.
Index
47
Appendix
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
Annun/
Alerts
1)
190-01888-00 Rev. B
GPS Nav
Display METAR and TAF information on the Airport Information Page
1)
EIS
WARNING: Do not use data link weather information for maneuvering in, near
or around areas of hazardous weather. Information contained within data
link weather products may not accurately depict current weather conditions.
Flight
Instruments
SIRIUSXM WEATHER (OPTIONAL)
Hazard Avoidance
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Map Panning Information – Weather Data Link Page
1)
Push in the Joystick to display the panning arrow.
2)
Move the Joystick to place the panning arrow on AIRMETs, TFRs, METARs,
SIGMETs, PIREPs or AIREPs.
3)
Press the ENT Key to display pertinent information for the selected product.
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Note that pressing the ENT Key when panning over an AIRMET or a
SIGMET displays an information box that shows the text of the report.
Panning over an airport with METAR information does not display more
information but allows the user to press the ENT Key and select that
Airport’s Information Page to display the text of the report. Pressing the
ENT Key when panning over a TFR displays TFR specific information.
SiriusXM Weather Products and Symbols
Flight
Planning
Wx Product
Status Icons
Description
Procedures
NEXRAD - Available for the US and Canada. The age of the displayed data
for each is shown at the right.
Hazard
Avoidance
ECHO TOP - The age of the displayed data is shown at the right. Not
displayed when CLOUD TOP is displayed.
Additional
Features
CLOUD TOP - The age of the displayed data is shown at the right. Not
displayed when ECHO TOP is displayed.
XM LIGHTNING - The age of the displayed data is shown at the right.
Abnormal
Operation
CELL MOVEMENT - The age of the displayed data is shown at the right.
Annun/
Alerts
SIGMET & AIRMET - The age of the displayed data for each is shown at the
right.
Appendix
METAR - Available for the US and Canada. The age of the displayed data for
each is shown at the right.
Index
SURFACE ANALYSIS with CITY FORECAST - The upper symbol depicts
Surface Analysis. The lower symbol depicts City Forecast. The age of the
displayed data for each is shown at the right. The selected forecast period is
shown at the bottom.
48
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Hazard Avoidance
Flight
Instruments
Wx Product
Status Icons
Description
FREEZING LEVEL - The age of the displayed data is shown at the right.
EIS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
WINDS ALOFT - Available for the US and Canada. The age of the displayed
data for each is shown at the right. The altitude selection is shown at the
bottom.
COUNTY WARNING - The age of the displayed data is shown at the right.
AFCS
CYCLONE WARNING - The age of the displayed data is shown at the right.
GPS Nav
AIREP - The age of the displayed data is shown at the right.
Flight
Planning
PIREP - The age of the displayed data is shown at the right. Urgent Pireps
are displayed in yellow.
Procedures
TURBULENCE - The age of the displayed data is shown at the right. The
altitude selection is shown at the bottom.
Hazard
Avoidance
ICING POTENTIAL - The age of the displayed data is shown at the right.
The altitude selection is shown at the bottom.
Annun/
Alerts
Appendix
WARNING: Do not use the indicated data link weather product age to
determine the age of the weather information shown by the data link weather
product. Due to time delays inherent in gathering and processing weather
data for data link transmission, the weather information shown by the data
link weather product may be significantly older than the indicated weather
product age.
Abnormal
Operation
WARNING: Do not use data link weather information for maneuvering in,
near or around areas of hazardous weather. Information contained within data
link weather products may not accurately depict current weather conditions.
Additional
Features
CONNEXT WEATHER (OPTIONAL)
Index
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
49
Weather data is provided when the pilot initiates either a manual or automatic
Connext data request on the Connext Weather Data Link Page on the MFD. No
weather data is displayed until the first Connext Weather Data Request is made.
Registering the system for Garmin Connext Weather
When an account is established, Garmin customer service provides an Access Code
which must be entered on the system in order to complete the registration process.
Registering the system to receive Garmin Connext Weather:
1) Ensure the aircraft is outside and has a clear view of the sky.
2) Turn the large FMS Knob on the MFD to select the MAP page group.
3) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the MAP - WEATHER DATA LINK (CNXT
or XM) Page. If ‘XM’ is displayed in the page title, it will be necessary to
change the data link source to Garmin Connext (CNXT) before continuing.
Refer to ‘Viewing the Weather Data Link Page’ procedure to change the
data link source to Garmin Connext Weather prior to registration.
4) If the system displays the ‘Connext Registration’ window, proceed to step 7.
Otherwise, press the MENU Key. The Page Menu appears.
5) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘Register With Connext’ in the menu
list.
6) Press the ENT Key. The Connext Registration Window is displayed.
7) Enter the access code provided by customer service in the ACCESS CODE
field.
8) Press the ENT Key. ‘REGISTER’ is highlighted.
9) Press the ENT Key. The GSR 56 contacts the Garmin Connext service using
the Iridium satellite network. Registration is complete when the STATUS
field displays ‘REGISTERED’.
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Hazard Avoidance
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Accessing Connext Weather Products
1)
Turn the large FMS Knob to select the Map Page Group.
2)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the Connext Weather Data Link Page.
When a weather product is selected for display on the Connext Weather Data Link
Page, a box containing a symbol for the product and its age (in minutes) are shown
in the upper right. If weather data has not been requested, ‘N/A’ is shown next to the
product symbol instead of age. The age of the weather product is based on the time
50
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Hazard Avoidance
60
30
Data Link Lightning
(DL LTNG)
30
Continuous
SIGMETs/AIRMETs
(SIG/AIR)
60
Continuous
Meteorological Aerodrome Report
(METARs)
90
Continuous
Winds Aloft
(WIND)
60
Continuous
Procedures
Infrared Satellite
(IR SAT)
Flight
Planning
U.S./Canada: 3*
Europe: 15
GPS Nav
30
AFCS
Radar Precipitation
(PRECIP)
Symbol
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Refresh Rate
(Minutes)
Weather Product
EIS
Expiration
Time
(Minutes)
Flight
Instruments
difference between when the data was assembled on the ground and the current GPS
time. Weather products are updated continuously or refreshed at specific intervals
(defined in the Refresh Rate column in the following table).
If for any reason, a weather product is not refreshed within the defined Expiration
Time intervals, the data is considered expired and is removed from the display. The
age of the expired product is replaced by dashes. If more than half of the expiration
time has elapsed, the color of the product age readout changes to yellow.
The refresh rate represents the interval at which the Garmin Connext servers make
available the most current known weather data. It does not necessarily represent the
rate at which new content is received from weather sources.
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
Abnormal
Operation
Annun/
Alerts
Pilot Weather Report
90
Continuous
(PIREPs)
Temporary Flight Restrictions
no product image
60
Continuous
(TFRs)
Terminal Aerodrome Reports
no product image
60
Continuous
(TAFs)
* The composite precipitation image is updated every 3 minutes, but individual radar sites
may take between 3 and 10 minutes to provide new data.
Appendix
Index
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
51
Hazard Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Setting Up and Customizing the Connext Weather Data Link Page
1)
Select the Connext Weather Data Link Page.
2)
Press the MENU Key.
3)
With ‘Weather Setup’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
4)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select ‘Product Group 1’ or ‘Product Group 2’,
and press the ENT Key.
5)
Turn the large FMS Knob or press the ENT Key to scroll through product
selections.
6)
Turn the small FMS Knob to scroll through options for each product (ON/
OFF, range settings, etc.).
7)
Press the ENT Key to select an option.
8)
Press the FMS Knob or CLR Key to return to the Connext Weather Data
Link Page with the changed settings.
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Restoring Default Connext Weather Data Link Page Settings
1)
Select the Connext Weather Data Link Page.
2)
Press the MENU Key.
3)
With ‘Weather Setup’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
4)
Press the MENU Key.
5)
Highlight the desired default(s) to restore (all or for selection) and press
ENT Key.
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Switching Between Connext, and SiriusXM Weather Sources
1)
Turn the large FMS Knob on the MFD to select the MAP page group.
2)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the desired Weather Data Link Page.
3)
4)
Press the MENU Key.
Turn the large FMS Knob to select ‘Display Connext Weather’, or ‘Display
XM Weather’ (choice dependent on current weather source) and press the
ENT Key.
Index
Viewing Legends for Displayed Connext Weather Products
52
1)
Select the Connext Weather Data Link Page.
2)
Select the LEGEND Softkey to display the legends for the displayed
weather products.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Hazard Avoidance
Flight
Instruments
Or:
a) Press the MENU Key.
b) Select ‘Weather Legend’ and press the ENT Key.
4)
To remove the Legend Window, select the LEGEND Softkey, the ENT or the
CLR Key, or press the FMS Knob.
AFCS
Setting Up and Customizing Weather Data for the Navigation Map
Page
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Turn the FMS Knob to scroll through the legends if more are available than
fit in the window.
EIS
3)
Select the Navigation Map Page.
2)
Press the MENU Key.
3)
With ‘Map Setup’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
4)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the ‘Weather’ Group and press the ENT
Key.
5)
Turn the large FMS Knob or press the ENT Key to scroll through product
selections.
6)
Turn the small FMS Knob to scroll through options for each product (ON/
OFF, range settings).
7)
Press the ENT Key to select an option.
8)
Press the FMS Knob or CLR Key to return to the Navigation Map Page with
the changed settings.
GPS Nav
1)
Flight
Planning
Procedures
Additional
Features
Abnormal
Operation
Annun/
Alerts
The Connext Data Request window provides the flight crew with the options to
define the requested weather coverage area(s), choose automatic weather update
intervals (if desired), and the ability to send or cancel weather data requests. The
window also displays the status of the Connext data request process.
Hazard
Avoidance
Connext Weather Data Requests
Requesting Connext Weather Data Manually
2)
Press the MENU Key.
3)
With ‘Connext Data Request’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
Index
Select the Connext Weather Data Link Page.
Appendix
1)
53
Hazard Avoidance
Flight
Instruments
4)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the desired coverage option(s)
and press the ENT Key to check or uncheck one of more of the following
coverage selections:
EIS
• PRESENT POSITION – Requests data based on current location.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
• DESTINATION – Requests data based on active flight plan
destination (if the flight plan contains no destination, dashes ‘------” are
displayed.)
AFCS
• FPL – Requests data based on active flight plan. Turn the small
FMS Knob to select the desired flight plan look-ahead distance
option (or choose ‘REMAINING FPL’ to request the remainder of the
flight plan).
5)
Turn the large FMS Knob highlight to the ‘DIAMETER / RTE WIDTH’
distance field and turn the small FMS Knob to select the desired diameter
and route width of the request, then press the ENT Key.
6)
Turn the large FMS Knob until the ‘SEND REQ’ button is highlighted. Press
the ENT Key to initiate the request immediately or press the FMS Knob to
return to the Connext Data Link Page without requesting data.
During a Connext Data Request, the Request Status box initially displays
“Contacting Connext...”. Once a connection is established, the Request Status Box
displays “Receiving Wx Data... Time Remaining:” with an estimated data transfer time
(either minutes or seconds). If desired, the Connext Data Request window may be
closed while the data request is processing by pressing the FMS Knob; the data request
will continue to process in the background. Connext Data Requests typically take
between 1 to 4 minutes to complete depending on the size of the selected weather
coverage area and Iridium signal strength.
The system retrieves all available Connext Weather products within the selected
coverage area during an initial Connext Data Request, regardless of which products (if
any) are currently enabled for display. On subsequent requests, previously retrieved
textual data (such as METARs and TAFs) is retained if it has not expired, while new
textual weather data matching the current coverage area and all graphical weather data
is downloaded during every data request.
If the system cannot complete a Connext weather data request, one or more
messages will appear in the request status window as shown in the following table.
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
• WAYPOINT – Requests data based on any valid waypoint.
54
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Hazard Avoidance
Description
Flight
Instruments
Weather Request
Status Message
The system has disabled automatic weather data requests due to
excessive errors. Automatic weather data requests have stopped.
Send a manual weather data request to resume automatic updates.
Auto update retry: ##
Seconds
The system will attempt another automatic weather data request after
an error occurred during the previous request. Displays estimated time
until next automatic request occurs.
Connext Comm Error [2]
A communications error has occurred with the GIA or GDL 59.
Connext Comm Error [4]
This occurs if multiple weather data requests have recently failed, or
the GIA or GDL 59 is off-line. If this error persists, the system should
be serviced.
Connext Comm Error [5]
The Iridium or Garmin Connext services are not accessible. Check
Iridium signal strength. If this error persists, the system should be
serviced.
Connext Comm Error [6]
A communications error has occurred. If this error persists, the system
should be serviced.
Connext Comm Error [7]
The system halted the weather data request due to excessive delays
while receiving weather data. Verify Iridium signal strength and re-try
data request.
Connext Comm Error [8]
A ground-based server error has occurred or invalid data received.
Connext Login Invalid
There is a problem with the Garmin Connext registration. In the
United States, contact Garmin at 1-866-739-5687. Outside the
United States, call 913-397-8200, wait for the operator, and request
extension 1135.
Connext Server
Temporarily Inop
The Garmin Connext weather data server is temporarily out of service,
but is expected to return to service in less than 30 minutes.
Connext Server Inop
The Garmin Connext weather data server will be out of service for at
least 30 minutes.
Invalid Coverage Area
The Connext Data Request does not sufficiently define a coverage area
on which to retrieve weather data. Verify the selections in the Connext
Weather Coverage Window, then issue another Connext Data Request.
No Connext Subscription
The system is not currently subscribed to the Garmin Connext Weather
service, or the access code is incorrect. Verify the access code. In
the United States, contact Garmin at 1-866-739-5687. Outside the
United States, call 913-397-8200, wait for the operator, and request
extension 1135.
AFCS
GPS Nav
Flight
Planning
Procedures
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
Annun/
Alerts
Appendix
Index
55
Abnormal
Operation
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
190-01888-00 Rev. B
EIS
Auto requests inhibited
Send manual request to
reset.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Hazard Avoidance
Reduce Request Area
The weather data request area exceeds size limits. Reduce weather
coverage area and re-send data request.
Request Cancelled
The user has cancelled a weather data request.
Request Failed - Try Again
The ground-based server halted the weather data request due to
excessive delays. Re-send data request.
Transfer Preempted
The Iridium voice telephone has interrupted the weather data request.
Retry request when Iridium voice telephone is not in use.
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Cancelling a Connext Weather Data Request in Progress
1)
Select the Connext Weather Data Link Page.
2)
Press the MENU Key.
3)
With ‘Connext Data Request’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
4)
Turn the large FMS Knob to select ‘CANCEL REQ’ and press the ENT Key.
The request status box indicates ‘Request Cancelled’.
5)
Press the FMS Knob to return to the Connext Weather Data Link Page.
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Enabling Automatic Connext Data Requests
1)
Select the Connext Weather Data Link Page.
2)
Press the MENU Key.
3)
With ‘Connext Data Request’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
4)
Choose the desired weather coverage options.
5)
Turn the large FMS Knob to select the ‘UPDATE RATE’ setting. Then turn
the small FMS Knob to highlight the desired automatic update frequency
(OFF, 5 Min, 10 Min, 15 Min, 20 Min, 25 Min, 30 Min, 45 Min, or 60 Min),
then press the ENT Key.
6)
The ‘SEND REQ” button is highlighted and a countdown timer is displayed
in the ‘REQUEST STATUS’ based on the currently selected update rate.
Press the ENT Key to immediately send an immediate Connext Data
Request.
Or:
Index
Press the FMS Knob to return to the Connext Weather Data Link Page.
56
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Hazard Avoidance
Flight
Instruments
Connext Weather Products
Precipitation
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
AFCS
NOTE: Precipitation data cannot be displayed on the Navigation Map Page
at the same time as terrain.
EIS
Precipitation data is not real-time. The lapsed time between collection, processing,
and dissemination of radar images can be significant and may not reflect the current
radar synopsis. Due to the inherent delays and the relative age of the data, it should
be used for long-range planning purposes only.
Displaying Precipitation Weather Information
2)
Select the PRECIP Softkey.
Annun/
Alerts
Appendix
Index
57
Abnormal
Operation
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
Additional
Features
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Hazard
Avoidance
Precipitation Limitations
Radar images may have certain limitations:
• Radar base reflectivity does not provide sufficient information to determine cloud
layers or precipitation characteristics (wet hail vs. rain). For example, it is not
possible to distinguish between wet snow, wet hail, and rain.
• Radar base reflectivity is sampled at the minimum antenna elevation angle. An
individual radar site cannot depict high altitude storms at close ranges. It has
no information about storms directly over the site.
• When zoomed in to a range of 30 nm, each square block on the display represents
an area of four square kilometers.
The following may cause abnormalities in displayed radar images:
• Ground clutter
• Strobes and spurious radar data
• Sun strobes (when the radar antenna points directly at the sun)
• Interference from buildings or mountains, which may cause shadows
• Metallic dust from military aircraft, which can cause alterations in radar scans
Procedures
Radar data shown represents lowest level, base reflectivity, of radar returns. The
display of the information is color-coded to indicate the weather severity level. All
weather product legends can be viewed on the Connext Weather Data Link Page. For
the Precipitation legend, select the LEGEND Softkey when Precipitation is selected
for display.
Flight
Planning
Select the MAP Softkey (for the PFD Inset Map, select the INSET Softkey).
This step is not necessary on the Connext Weather Data Link Page.
GPS Nav
1)
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Hazard Avoidance
Infrared Satellite
Infrared Satellite (IR SAT) data depicts cloud top temperatures from satellite
imagery. Brighter cloud top colors indicate cooler temperatures occurring at higher
altitudes.
Additional
Features
Abnormal
Operation
Select the Connext Weather Data Link Page.
2)
Select the IR SAT Softkey.
Data Link Lightning
Lightning data shows the approximate location of cloud-to-ground lightning strikes.
A strike icon represents a strike that has occurred within a two-kilometer region.
Neither cloud-to-cloud nor the exact location of the lightning strike is displayed.
If the aircraft is also equipped with an on-board lightning detection system (e.g.,
L-3 WX-500 Stormscope®), only one lightning product may be enabled for display at
a time.
Displaying Data Link Lightning information
1)
Select the MAP Softkey (for the PFD Inset Map, select the INSET Softkey).
This step is not necessary on the Connext Weather Data Link Page.
2)
Select the DL LTNG Softkey.
To display the Data Link Lightning legend on the Connext Weather Data Link Page,
select the LEGEND Softkey when Data Link Lightning is selected for display.
SIGMETs and AIRMETs
The entire SIGMET or AIRMET is displayed as long as any portion of it is occurring
within the coverage area of the Connext data request.
Displaying SIGMETs and AIRMETs
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
1)
To display the Infrared Satellite legend, select the LEGEND Softkey when Infrared
Satellite data is selected for display.
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Displaying Cloud Tops information
58
1)
Select the Connext Weather Data Link Page.
2)
Select the SIG/AIR Softkey.
3)
To view the text of the SIGMET or AIRMET, press the RANGE Knob and move
the Map Pointer over the icon.
4)
Press the ENT key.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Hazard Avoidance
METARs and TAFs
AFCS
Displaying METAR and TAF text
On the Connext Weather Data Link Page, select the METAR Softkey.
2)
Press the RANGE Knob and pan to the desired airport.
3)
Press the ENT Key. The Weather Information Page is shown with METAR
and TAF text.
4)
Use the FMS Knob or the ENT Key to scroll through the METAR and TAF
text. METAR text must be completely scrolled through before scrolling
through the TAF text.
5)
Press the FMS Knob or the CLR Key to return to the Connext Weather Data
Link Page.
GPS Nav
1)
Flight
Planning
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
Select the Weather Information Page.
Procedures
Or:
1)
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
METAR and TAF text are displayed on the WPT-Weather Information Page. TAF
information is displayed in its raw form when it is available.
EIS
NOTE: METAR information is only displayed within the installed navigation
database service area.
Flight
Instruments
To display the SIGMET and AIRMET legend, select the LEGEND Softkey when
SIGMETs and AIRMETs are selected for display.
a) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the Waypoint Page Group.
b) Select the WX Softkey to select the Weather Information Page.
Abnormal
Operation
Press the FMS Knob to display the cursor.
3)
Use the FMS Knob to enter the desired airport and press the ENT Key.
4)
Use the FMS Knob or the ENT Key to scroll through the METAR and TAF
text. Note that the METAR text must be completely scrolled through before
scrolling through the TAF text.
Appendix
To display the METAR legend on the Connext Weather Data Link Page, select the
LEGEND Softkey when METARs are selected for display.
Annun/
Alerts
2)
Index
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
59
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Hazard Avoidance
Winds Aloft
Winds Aloft data shows the forecasted wind speed and direction at the surface and
at selected altitudes. Altitude can be displayed in 3,000-foot increments up to 42,000
feet MSL.
Select the Connext Weather Data Link Page.
2)
Select the MORE WX Softkey.
3)
Select the WIND Softkey.
4)
Select the desired altitude level: SFC (surface) up to 42,000 feet. Select
the NEXT or PREV Softkey to cycle through the altitude softkeys. The WIND
Softkey label changes to reflect the altitude selected.
PIREPs
Pilot Weather Reports (PIREPs) describe in-flight weather encountered by pilots.
A PIREP may contain unforecast adverse weather conditions, such as low in-flight
visibility, icing conditions, wind shear, turbulence, and type of aircraft flown. PIREPs
are issued as either Routine (UA) or Urgent (UUA).
Displaying PIREP text
Abnormal
Operation
Annun/
Alerts
Appendix
Index
1)
To display the Winds Aloft legend, select the LEGEND Softkey when Winds Aloft
is selected for display.
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Displaying Winds Aloft data
1)
Select the Connext Weather Data Link Page.
2)
Select the MORE WX Softkey.
3)
Select the PIREPS Softkey.
4)
Press the RANGE Knob and pan to the desired weather report. A gray
circle will appear around the weather report when it is selected.
5)
Press the ENT Key. The PIREP text is first displayed in a decoded fashion,
then as raw text.
6)
Use the FMS Knob or the ENT Key to scroll through the PIREP text.
7)
Press the FMS Knob or the CLR Key to close the PIREP text window and
return to the Connext Weather Data Link Page.
To display the PIREP or AIREP legend, select the LEGEND Softkey when PIREPs
or AIREPs are selected for display.
The PIREP color is determined by the type (routine or urgent).
60
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Hazard Avoidance
Procedures
Hazard
Avoidance
Non-Threat Traffic
(intruder is beyond 5 nm and greater than 1200’ vertical separation)
Flight
Planning
Description
GPS Nav
Traffic Symbol
AFCS
• If Traffic information Service (TIS) is configured, STANDBY, OPERATE, and
TNA MUTE softkeys are displayed.
• If a Traffic Advisory System (TAS) or a Traffic Collision Avoidance System (TCAS)
is configured, STANDBY, NORMAL, TEST, and ALT MODE softkeys are
displayed.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
WARNING: Do not rely solely upon the display of traffic information to
accurately depict all of the traffic within range of the aircraft. Due to lack
of equipment, poor signal reception, and/or inaccurate information from
aircraft or ground stations, traffic may be present that is not represented on
the display. .
EIS
WARNING: Do not rely solely upon the display of traffic information for
collision avoidance maneuvering. The traffic display does not provide collision
avoidance resolution advisories and does not under any circumstances or
conditions relieve the pilot’s responsibility to see and avoid other aircraft.
Flight
Instruments
TRAFFIC SYSTEMS
Additional
Features
Proximity Advisory (PA) (Not available with TIS system)
(intruder is within 5 nm and less than 1200’ vertical separation)
Abnormal
Operation
Traffic Advisory (TA)
(closing rate, distance, and vertical separation meet TA criteria)
Traffic Advisory Off Scale
Annun/
Alerts
Traffic Symbol Description
Appendix
Index
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
61
Hazard Avoidance
Flight
Instruments
Traffic Information Service (TIS)
EIS
NOTE: If the G1000 is configured to use an optional Traffic Advisory System
(TAS), TIS is not available for use.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
NOTE: Traffic Information Service (TIS) is only available when the aircraft is
within the service volume of a TIS capable terminal radar site.
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Displaying Traffic on the Traffic Map Page
1)
Turn the large FMS Knob to select the Map Page Group.
2)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the Traffic Map Page.
3)
Press the OPERATE Softkey to begin displaying traffic. ‘OPERATING’ is
displayed in the Traffic Mode field.
4)
Press the STANDBY Softkey to place the system in the Standby Mode.
‘STANDBY’ is displayed in the Traffic Mode field.
5)
Rotate the Joystick clockwise to display a larger area or rotate counterclockwise to display a smaller area.
6)
Press the TNA MUTE Softkey to mute the “Traffic Not Available” aural
alert.
1)
Ensure TIS is operating. With the Navigation Map displayed, press the
MAP Softkey.
2)
Press the TRAFFIC Softkey. Traffic is now displayed on the map.
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Displaying Traffic on the Navigation Map
62
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Hazard Avoidance
Flight
Instruments
Traffic Advisory System (TAS) or Traffic Collision Avoidance System
(TCAS1) (Optional)
System Self Test
Set the range to 2/6 nm.
2)
Select the STANDBY Softkey.
3)
Select the TEST Softkey.
4)
Self test will take approximately eight seconds to complete. When
completed successfully, traffic symbols will be displayed and a voice alert
appropriate for the installed system will be heard indicating the test passed
(see Annuciations & Alerts section). If the self test fails, the system will
revert to Standby Mode and a voice alert appropriate for the installed
system will be heard indicating the test failed.
EIS
1)
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
AFCS
GPS Nav
Displaying Traffic on the Traffic Map Page
3)
Press the ALT MODE Softkey to change the altitude volume. Select the
desired altitude volume by pressing the BELOW, NORMAL, ABOVE, or
UNREST (unrestricted) Softkey. The selection is displayed in the Altitude
Mode field.
4)
Rotate the Joystick clockwise to display a larger area or rotate counterclockwise to display a smaller area.
5)
Press the MUTE Softkey to mute TAS voice alerts.
Additional
Features
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the Traffic Map Page. ‘OPERATING’ is
displayed in the Traffic Mode field.
Hazard
Avoidance
2)
Procedures
Turn the large FMS Knob to select the Map Page Group.
Flight
Planning
1)
Abnormal
Operation
Displaying Traffic on the Navigation Map
Ensure TAS is operating.
2)
With the Navigation Map displayed, press the MAP Softkey.
3)
Press the TRAFFIC Softkey. Traffic is now displayed on the map.
Annun/
Alerts
1)
Appendix
Index
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
63
TERRAIN AND OBSTACLE PROXIMITY
NOTE: Terrain data is not displayed when the aircraft is outside the installed
terrain database coverage area.
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Hazard Avoidance
1)
Turn the large FMS Knob to select the Map Page Group.
2)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the Terrain Proximity Page.
3)
If desired, press the VIEW Softkey to access the ARC and 360 Softkeys.
When the ARC Softkey is pressed, a radar-like 120° view is displayed. Press
the 360 Softkey to return to the 360° default display.
4)
Rotate the Joystick clockwise to display a larger area or rotate counterclockwise to display a smaller area.
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Displaying Terrain and Obstacles on the Terrain Proximity Page
Color
Terrain/Obstacle Location
Red
Terrain/Obstacle above or within 100’
below current aircraft altitude.
Yellow
Terrain/Obstacle between 100’ and
1000’ below current aircraft altitude.
Black
Terrain/Obstacle is more than 1000’
below aircraft altitude.
1)
With the Navigation Map displayed, press the MAP Softkey.
2)
Press the TERRAIN Softkey. Terrain and obstacle proximity will now be
displayed on the map.
3)
Terrain and obstacles may be displayed in the Profile View by selecting the
PROFILE Softkey.
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Displaying Terrain and Obstacles on the Navigation Map
64
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Hazard Avoidance
NOTE: Terrain-SVS is only available when the Synthetic Vision Technology
(SVT) option is installed and the TAWS-B option has not been installed.
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the Terrain-SVS Page.
3)
If desired, press the VIEW Softkey to access the ARC and 360 softkeys.
When the ARC Softkey is selected, a radar-like 120° view is displayed.
Press the 360 Softkey to return to the 360° default display.
4)
Rotate the Joystick clockwise to display a larger area or rotate counterclockwise to display a smaller area.
Terrain/Obstacle above or within 100’
below current aircraft altitude.
Yellow
Terrain/Obstacle between 100’ and
1000’ below current aircraft altitude.
Black
Terrain/Obstacle is more than 1000’
below aircraft altitude.
Additional
Features
Red
Hazard
Avoidance
Terrain/Obstacle Location
Procedures
Color
Flight
Planning
2)
GPS Nav
Turn the large FMS Knob to select the Map Page Group.
AFCS
1)
2)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select “Show (or Hide) Aviation Data”.
3)
Press the ENT Key.
Annun/
Alerts
While the Terrain-SVS Page is displayed, press the MENU Key.
Abnormal
Operation
Enable/Disable Aviation Data
1)
Appendix
Terrain-SVS Inhibit
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
Index
Inhibit Terrain
While the Terrain-SVS Page is displayed, press the INHIBIT Softkey.
Or:
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Display Terrain on the Terrain-SVS Page
EIS
NOTE: Terrain data is not displayed when the aircraft is outside the installed
terrain database coverage area.
Flight
Instruments
TERRAIN-SVS (OPTIONAL)
65
Flight
Instruments
Hazard Avoidance
1)
Press the MENU Key.
2)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select ‘Inhibit Terrain’.
3)
Press the ENT Key.
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Enable Terrain
While the Terrain-SVS Page is displayed, press the INHIBIT Softkey.
Or:
1) While the Terrain-SVS Page is displayed, press the MENU Key.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to select ‘Enable Terrain’.
3) Press the ENT Key.
TERRAIN AWARENESS & WARNING SYSTEM (TAWS-B) DISPLAY (OPTIONAL)
WARNING: Do not use the terrain avoidance feature as the sole means of
navigation and terrain separation. The terrain avoidance feature is only to
be used as and aid to terrain avoidance. Garmin obtains terrain database
content from third party sources and is not able to independently verify the
accuracy of the terrain data.
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
NOTE: If Terrain-SVS alerts are inhibited when the Final Approach Fix is the
active waypoint in a GPS SBAS approach, a LOW ALT annunciation may appear
on the PFD next to the altimeter if the current aircraft altitude is at least 164
feet below the prescribed altitude at the Final Approach Fix.
Abnormal
Operation
NOTE: Terrain data is not displayed when the aircraft is outside the installed
terrain database coverage area.
Annun/
Alerts
NOTE: TAWS-B operation is only available when the G1000 is configured for
a TAWS-B installation.
Index
Appendix
Manual System Test
1)
While the TAWS-B Page is displayed, press the MENU Key.
2)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select ‘Test TAWS’.
3)
Press the ENT Key. During the test ‘TAWS TEST’ is displayed in the center
of the TAWS-B Page.
When all is in working order, “TAWS System Test, OK” is heard.
66
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Hazard Avoidance
2)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the TAWS-B Page.
3)
If desired, press the VIEW Softkey to access the ARC and 360 softkeys.
When the ARC Softkey is pressed, a radar-like 120° view is displayed.
Press the 360 Softkey to return to the 360° default display.
4)
Rotate the Joystick clockwise to display a larger area or rotate counterclockwise to display a smaller area.
Terrain/Obstacle above or within 100’
below current aircraft altitude.
Yellow
Terrain/Obstacle between 100’ and
1000’ below current aircraft altitude.
Black
Terrain/Obstacle is more than 1000’
below aircraft altitude.
Flight
Planning
Red
GPS Nav
Terrain/Obstacle Location
AFCS
Color
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Turn the large FMS Knob to select the Map Page Group.
EIS
1)
Flight
Instruments
Display Terrain on the TAWS-B Page
While the TAWS-B Page is displayed, press the MENU Key.
2)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select “Show (or Hide) Aviation Data”.
3)
Press the ENT Key.
Hazard
Avoidance
1)
Procedures
Enable/Disable Aviation Data
Annun/
Alerts
Index
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
Appendix
Inhibit TAWS
While the TAWS-B Page is displayed, press the INHIBIT Softkey.
Or:
1) Press the MENU Key.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to select ‘Inhibit TAWS’.
3) Press the ENT Key.
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Abnormal
Operation
NOTE: If TAWS-B alerts are inhibited when the Final Approach Fix is the active
waypoint in a GPS SBAS approach, a LOW ALT annunciation may appear on
the PFD next to the altimeter if the current aircraft altitude is at least 164
feet below the prescribed altitude at the Final Approach Fix.
Additional
Features
TAWS Inhibit
67
Hazard Avoidance
AIRBORNE COLOR WEATHER RADAR
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Enable TAWS
While the TAWS-B Page is displayed, press the INHIBIT Softkey.
Or:
1) While the TAWS-B Page is displayed, press the MENU Key.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to select ‘Enable TAWS’.
3) Press the ENT Key.
GPS Nav
WARNING: Begin transmitting only when it is safe to do so. If it is desired to
transmit while the aircraft is on the ground, no personnel or objects should
be within 11 feet of the antenna.
Procedures
Flight
Planning
CAUTION: In Standby Mode, the antenna is parked at the center line. It
is always a good idea to put the radar in Standby Mode before taxiing the
aircraft to prevent the antenna from bouncing on the bottom stop and possibly
causing damage to the radar assembly.
1)
Turn the large FMS Knob to select the Map Page Group.
2)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the Weather Radar Page.
3)
Press the MODE Softkey.
4)
If the aircraft is on the ground, press the STANDBY Softkey to initiate the
one minute warm-up period. After the warm-up is complete, the radar will
enter the Standby Mode. After the aircraft is airborne, press the WEATHER
Softkey.
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Displaying Weather on the Weather Radar Page
Or:
5)
Turn the Joystick to select the desired range.
6)
If desired, press the VERTICAL Softkey for vertical scanning.
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
If the aircraft is already airborne, press the WEATHER or GROUND Softkey.
The one-minute warm-up period will be initiated, after which the radar will
begin transmitting. The horizontal scan is initially displayed.
68
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Hazard Avoidance
EIS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Move the Joystick up or down to adjust the tilt of the antenna up or down.
Monitor the displayed tilt value in the TILT field.
When scanning vertically, a Tilt Line may be displayed to aid in positioning the tilt
of the antenna. If the Tilt Line is not displayed, perform the following steps:
1) Press the MENU Key
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to select ‘Show Tilt Line’.
3) Press the ENT Key.
Flight
Instruments
Adjusting Antenna Tilt
AFCS
Adjusting Antenna Bearing
4)
Turn the Joystick to adjust the range.
5)
To select a new area to be vertically scanned, press the HORIZON Softkey
to return to the Horizontal Scan view and repeat the previous steps.
Annun/
Alerts
Move the Joystick right or left to move the scanned “slice” a few degrees
right or left.
Abnormal
Operation
3)
Additional
Features
Press the VERTICAL Softkey. A vertical ‘slice’ of the selected area will now
be displayed.
Hazard
Avoidance
2)
Procedures
1) While in the Horizontal Scan view, move the Joystick to place the Bearing
Line on the desired storm cell, or other area, to be vertically scanned.
Flight
Planning
Vertically Scan a Storm Cell
GPS Nav
Move the Joystick right or left to adjust the azimuth position of the antenna right
or left. Monitor the displayed bearing value in the BEARING field.
When scanning horizontally, a Bearing Line may be displayed to aid in positioning
the antenna for the vertical scan. If the Bearing Line is not displayed, perform the
following steps:
1) Press the MENU Key
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to select ‘Show Bearing Line’.
3) Press the ENT Key.
Appendix
Index
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
69
Hazard Avoidance
Flight
Instruments
Adjusting Gain
1)
Press the GAIN Softkey to activate the cursor in the ‘GAIN’ field.
2)
Turn the small FMS Knob to adjust the gain for the desirable level. The
gain setting is visible in the gain field as a movable horizontal bar in
a flashing box. The line pointer is a reference depicting the calibrated
position.
3)
Press the FMS Knob to remove the cursor.
4)
Press the GAIN Softkey again to recalibrate the gain. ‘CALIBRATED’ will be
displayed in the ‘GAIN’ field.
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
WARNING: Changing the gain in Weather Mode will cause precipitation
intensity to be displayed as a color not representative of the true intensity.
Remember to return the gain setting to ‘Calibrated’ for viewing the actual
intensity of precipitation.
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Ground Mapping
1)
Press the MODE Softkey.
2)
Press the GROUND Softkey to place the radar in Ground Map Mode.
3)
Press the BACK Softkey.
Sector Scan
While in the Horizontal Scan Mode, move the Joystick right or left to place
the Bearing Line in the desired position. The location of the Bearing Line
will become the center point of the Sector Scan.
2)
Press the FMS Knob to display the cursor.
3)
Turn the large FMS Knob to place the cursor in the SECTOR SCAN field.
4)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select FULL, 60˚, 40˚, or 20˚ scan.
5)
If desired, readjust the Bearing Line with the Joystick to change the center
of the Sector Scan.
6)
Press the FMS Knob to remove the cursor.
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
1)
70
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Hazard Avoidance
2)
Press the STAB ON Softkey to activate antenna stabilization or press the
STAB OFF Softkey to deactivate. The current stabilization condition is
shown in the upper right of the weather radar display.
Flight
Planning
Procedures
Automatic Standby
When the weather radar system is in the Weather or Ground Map Mode, upon
landing the system will automatically switch to Standby Mode.
GPS Nav
Weather Alert
To activate or deactivate Weather Alert, press the WX ALRT Softkey. Activating and
deactivating also enables or inhibits the alert on the PFD.
AFCS
Weather Attenuated Color Highlight (WATCH®)
To activate or deactivate the WATCH® feature, press the WATCH Softkey. This
feature is only available in the Horizontal Scan Mode.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
To activate or deactivate the antenna stabilization, press the MODE
Softkey.
EIS
1)
Flight
Instruments
Antenna Stabilization
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
Abnormal
Operation
Annun/
Alerts
Appendix
Index
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
71
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Hazard Avoidance
Blank Page
72
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Additional Features
Flight
Instruments
ADDITIONAL FEATURES
SYNTHETIC VISION
Additional
Features
Abnormal
Operation
Annun/
Alerts
Press the SYN TERR Softkey.
4)
Press the BACK Softkey to return to the previous page.
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
Index
3)
Appendix
Press the SYN VIS Softkey.
Hazard
Avoidance
2)
Procedures
Displaying Synthetic Terrain
Press the PFD Softkey.
Flight
Planning
Pathways
Flight Path Marker
Horizon Heading Marks
Terrain and Obstacle Alerting
Three-dimensional Traffic
Airport Signs
Runway Display
1)
GPS Nav
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
AFCS
Synthetic Vision Technology (SVT) functionality is offered as an optional
enhancement to the G1000 Integrated Avionics System.
SVT is primarily comprised of a computer-generated forward-looking, attitude
aligned view of the topography immediately in front of the aircraft from the pilot’s
perspective. SVT information is shown on the primary flight display (PFD).
SVT offers a three-dimensional view of terrain and obstacles. Terrain and
obstacles that pose a threat to the aircraft in flight are shaded yellow or red.
In addition to SVT enhancement to the PFD, the following feature enhancements
have been added to the PFD:
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
WARNING: Do not use SVT runway depiction as the sole means for
determining the proximity of the aircraft to the runway or for maintaining
the proper approach path angle during landing. Runways are depicted at the
published field elevation for the selected airport. In some rare cases, actual
runway elevation differs significantly from the airport field elevation causing
SVT runways to appear higher or lower than the actual runway.
EIS
WARNING: Use appropriate primary systems for navigation, and for terrain,
obstacle, and traffic avoidance. SVT is intended as an aid to situational awareness
only and may not provide either the accuracy or reliability upon which to solely
base decisions and/or plan maneuvers to avoid terrain, obstacles, or traffic.
73
Additional Features
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Displaying Pathways
2)
Press the SYN VIS Softkey.
3)
If not already enabled, press the SYN TERR Softkey.
4)
Press the PATHWAY Softkey.
5)
Press the BACK Softkey to return to the previous page.
AFCS
GPS Nav
Flight
Planning
1)
Press the PFD Softkey.
2)
Press the SYN VIS Softkey.
3)
If not already enabled, press the SYN TERR Softkey.
4)
Press the HRZN HDG Softkey.
5)
Press the BACK Softkey to return to the previous page.
Procedures
Displaying Airport Signs
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
Press the PFD Softkey.
Displaying Heading on the Horizon
1)
Press the PFD Softkey.
2)
Press the SYN VIS Softkey.
3)
If not already enabled, press the SYN TERR Softkey.
4)
Press the APTSIGNS Softkey.
5)
Press the BACK Softkey to return to the previous page.
TERMINAL PROCEDURE CHARTS
NOTE: With the availability of SafeTaxi®, ChartView, or FliteCharts®, it may
be necessary to carry another source of charts on-board the aircraft.
Abnormal
Operation
Annun/
Alerts
Appendix
Index
1)
SafeTaxi®
SafeTaxi® gives greater map detail as the map range is adjusted in on the airport.
The airport display on the map reveals runways with numbers, taxiways identifiers, and
airport landmarks including ramps, buildings, control towers, and other prominent
features. Resolution is greater at lower map ranges. The aircraft symbol provides
situational awareness while taxiing.
Pressing the DCLTR Softkey (declutter) once removes the taxiway markings and
airport identification labels. Pressing the DCLTR Softkey twice removes VOR station
74
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Additional Features
AFCS
Procedures
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
Abnormal
Operation
View Charts from the Navigation Map Page
Select the SHW CHRT Softkey when displayed.
Select the DP, STAR, APR, WX, and NOTAM softkeys to access charts for
departures, arrivals, approaches, weather and NOTAMs Note that NOTAMS
are only available with ChartView.
3)
Select the GO BACK Softkey to return to the previous page.
Index
2)
Appendix
Move the map pointer to point to a desired point on the map and select the
SHW CHRT Softkey.
Annun/
Alerts
Or:
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
Flight
Planning
FliteCharts® resemble the paper version of AeroNav Services terminal procedures
charts. The charts are displayed with high-resolution and in color for applicable
charts. The MFD depiction shows the aircraft position on the moving map in the plan
view of most approach charts and on airport diagrams.
The FliteCharts database contains procedure charts for the United States only.
This database is updated on a 28-day cycle. If not updated within 180 days of the
expiration date, FliteCharts will no longer function.
GPS Nav
FliteCharts®
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
ChartView resembles the paper version of Jeppesen terminal procedures charts.
The charts are displayed in full color with high-resolution. The MFD depiction shows
the aircraft position on the moving map in the plan view of most approach charts and
on airport diagrams.
The ChartView database is updated on a 14-day cycle. If the ChartView database is
not updated within 70 days of the expiration date, ChartView will no longer function.
1)
EIS
ChartView
Flight
Instruments
ID, the VOR symbol, and intersection names if within the airport plan view. Pressing
the DCLTR Softkey a third time removes the airport runway layout, unless the airport
in view is part of an active route structure. Pressing the DCLTR Softkey again cycles
back to the original map detail.
The SafeTaxi database contains detailed airport diagrams for selected airports.
These diagrams provide the pilot with situational awareness by displaying the aircraft
position in relation to taxiways, ramps, runways, terminals, and services. This
information should not be used by the pilot as the basis for maneuvering the aircraft
on the ground. This database is updated on a 56-day cycle.
75
Additional Features
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
View Charts from the Active Flight Plan Page
2)
Turn the large FMS Knob to select the departure airport, destination
airport, departure, arrival, or approach.
3)
Select the SHW CHRT Softkey. The appropriate chart is displayed, if
available for the item selected.
4)
Select the GO BACK Softkey to return to the previous page.
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Change Day/Night View
Additional
Features
Abnormal
Operation
Annun/
Alerts
While viewing the Active Flight Plan Page, press the FMS Knob to activate
the cursor.
1)
While viewing a chart press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu
OPTIONS.
2)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the ‘Chart Setup’ Menu Option and
press the ENT Key.
3)
Turn the large FMS Knob to move between the ‘FULL SCREEN’ and ‘COLOR
SCHEME’ Options.
4)
Turn the small FMS Knob to choose between the ‘On’ and ‘Off’ Full Screen
Options.
5)
Turn the small FMS Knob to choose between ‘Day’, ‘Auto’, and ‘Night’
Options.
6)
In Auto Mode, turn the large FMS Knob to select the percentage field and
change percentage with the small FMS Knob. The percentage of change is
the day/night crossover point based on backlighting intensity.
7)
Press the FMS Knob when finished to remove the Chart Setup Menu.
AIRPORT DIRECTORY
The Aircraft Owners and Pilots Association (AOPA) and optional AC-U-KWIK
Airport Directory add enhanced airport information when viewing airports on the
WPT-Airport Information Page.
Both Airport Directories are available for downloading at flygarmin.com. However,
copy only one of the databases to the Supplemental Data Card. The system cannot
recognize both databases simultaneously.
Index
Appendix
1)
76
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Additional Features
Flight
Instruments
View Airport Directory Information
EIS
While viewing the WPT-Airport Information Page, if necessary, press the
INFO-1 Softkey to change the softkey label to display INFO-2. Airport
information is displayed on the right half of the display.
GPS Nav
Flight
Planning
Procedures
Hazard
Avoidance
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the first empty scheduler message
naming field.
4)
Use the FMS Knob to enter the message text to be displayed in the
Messages Window and press the ENT Key.
5)
Press the ENT Key again or use the large FMS Knob to move the cursor to
the field next to Type.
6)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the message type:
Appendix
3)
Annun/
Alerts
Press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
Abnormal
Operation
2)
Additional
Features
1) Select the AUX - Utility Page.
• Event—Message issued at the specified date/time
Index
• One-time—Message issued when the message timer reaches zero
(default setting)
• Periodic—Message issued each time the message timer reaches zero
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
AFCS
Entering a scheduler message:
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
SCHEDULER
The Scheduler feature can be used to enter and display reminder messages (e.g.,
Oil Change, Switch fuel tanks, or Altimeter-Transponder Check) in the Messages
Window on the PFD. Messages can be set to display based on a specific date and time
(event), once the message timer reaches zero (one-time; default setting), or recurrently
whenever the message timer reaches zero (periodic). Message timers set to periodic
alerting automatically reset to the original timer value once the message is displayed.
When power is cycled, all messages are retained until deleted, and message timer
countdown is resumed.
Scheduler messages appear in the Messages Window on the PFD. When a scheduler
message is waiting, the MSG Softkey flashes an Advisory. Pressing the MSG Softkey
opens the Messages Window and acknowledges the scheduler message. The softkey
label no longer flashes after pressing the softkey. Pressing the MSG Softkey again
removes the Messages Window from the display, and the scheduler message is deleted
from the message queue.
77
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Additional Features
7)
Press the ENT Key again or use the large FMS Knob to move the cursor to
the next field.
8)
For periodic and one-time message, use the FMS Knob to enter the timer
value (HH:MM:SS) from which to countdown and press the ENT Key.
9)
For event-based messages:
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
a) Use the FMS Knob to enter the desired date (DD-MM-YY) and press
the ENT Key.
AFCS
b) Press the ENT Key again or use the large FMS Knob to move the cursor
to the next field.
c) Use the FMS Knob to enter the desired time (HH:MM) and press the
ENT Key.
GPS Nav
10) Press the ENT Key again or use the large FMS Knob to move the cursor to
enter the next message.
Flight
Planning
Deleting a scheduler message:
2)
Press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
3)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the name field of the scheduler
message to be deleted.
4)
Press the CLR Key to clear the message text. If the CLR Key is pressed
again, the message is restored.
5)
Press the ENT Key while the message line is cleared to clear the message
text.
PILOT PROFILES
Creating a profile:
1) Use the FMS Knob to select the AUX - System Setup Page.
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
1) Select the AUX - Utility Page.
2)
Press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
Appendix
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘CREATE’ in the Pilot Profile Box.
4)
Press the ENT Key. A ‘Create Profile’ window is displayed.
5) Use the FMS Knob to enter a profile name up to 16 characters long and
Index
press the ENT Key. Pilot profile names cannot begin with a blank as the
first letter.
78
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Additional Features
7)
Press the ENT Key.
EIS
In the next field, use the small FMS Knob to select the desired settings
upon which to base the new profile. Profiles can be created based on
Garmin factory defaults, default profile settings (initially based on Garmin
factory defaults unless edited by the pilot), or current system settings.
Flight
Instruments
6)
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
8) With ‘CREATE’ highlighted, press the ENT Key to create the profile
Or:
9)
To cancel the process, select ‘CANCEL’ with the large FMS Knob and press
the ENT Key.
GPS Nav
Selecting an active profile:
Flight
Planning
1) Use the FMS Knob to select the AUX - System Setup Page.
2)
Press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
Procedures
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the active profile field in the Pilot
Profile Box.
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to display the pilot profile list and highlight the
Hazard
Avoidance
desired profile.
5) Press the ENT Key. The system loads and displays the system settings for
the selected profile.
Additional
Features
Renaming a profile:
Abnormal
Operation
1) Use the FMS Knob to select the AUX - System Setup 1 Page.
2)
Press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘RENAME’ in the Pilot Profile Box.
Press the ENT Key.
5) In the ‘Rename Profile’ window, turn the FMS Knob to select the profile to
6)
Appendix
rename.
Annun/
Alerts
4)
AFCS
Use the large FMS Knob to select ‘CREATE and ACTIVATE’ and press the
ENT Key to activate the new profile.
Press the ENT Key.
7) Use the FMS Knob to enter a new profile name up to 16 characters long
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
Index
and press the ENT Key.
79
Additional Features
Flight
Instruments
8) With ‘RENAME’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
9)
To cancel the process, use the large FMS Knob to select ‘CANCEL’ and
press the ENT Key.
EIS
Deleting a profile:
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
1) Use the FMS Knob to select the AUX - System Setup 1 Page.
2)
Press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘DELETE’ in the Pilot Profile Box.
AFCS
4)
Press the ENT Key.
5) In the ‘Delete Profile’ window, turn the FMS Knob to select the profile to
GPS Nav
delete.
6)
Press the ENT Key.
Flight
Planning
7) With ‘DELETE’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
8)
To cancel the process, use the large FMS Knob to select ‘CANCEL’ and
press the ENT Key.
Procedures
Importing a profile:
Hazard
Avoidance
1)
Insert the SD card containing the Pilot Profile(s) into the top card slot on the
MFD.
2) Use the FMS Knob to select the AUX - System Setup 1 Page.
Additional
Features
3)
Press the IMPORT softkey. If the correct Pilot Profile file is selected; with
‘IMPORT’ highlighted press the ENT Key.
Abnormal
Operation
Or:
If the SD card contains more than one Pilot Profile:
Annun/
Alerts
a) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the select file field in the Pilot
Profile Importing Box.
b) Turn the small FMS Knob to display the pilot profile list and highlight
the desired profile to import and press the ENT Key.
Appendix
c) With ‘IMPORT’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
“Pilot profile import succeeded.” is shown in the import results box. Press
the ENT Key. The imported profile becomes the active Pilot Profile.
Index
4)
80
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Additional Features
1)
Insert the SD card for storing the Pilot Profile into the top card slot on the
MFD.
EIS
2) Use the FMS Knob to select the AUX - System Setup 1 Page.
4)
Press the EXPORT softkey.
5)
With ‘EXPORT’ highlighted press the ENT Key.
6)
“Pilot profile export succeeded.” is shown in the export results box. Press
the ENT Key to exit the Pilot Profile Exporting Box.
AFCS
Activate the desired Pilot Profile to export. Only the active Pilot Profile can
be exported.
Flight
Planning
Procedures
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
Abnormal
Operation
Annun/
Alerts
Appendix
Index
81
GPS Nav
ELECTRONIC STABILITY PROTECTION (ESP™)
Electronic Stability and Protection (ESP™) is an optional feature that is intended to
discourage the exceedance of attitude and established airspeed parameters. This feature
will only function when the aircraft is above 200 feet AGL and the autopilot is not engaged.
ESP engages when the aircraft exceeds one or more conditions (pitch, roll, low airspeed, and Vmo) beyond the normal flight parameters. Enhanced stability for each
condition is provided by applying a force to the appropriate control surface to return
the aircraft to the normal flight envelope. This is perceived by the pilot as resistance to
control movement in the undesired direction when the aircraft approaches a steep attitude or high airspeed.
As the aircraft deviates further from the normal attitude and/or airspeed, the force
increases (up to an established maximum) to encourage control movement in the direction necessary to return to the normal attitude and/or airspeed range. Except in
the case of high airspeed, when maximum force is reached, force remains constant up
to the maximum engagement limit. Above the maximum engagement limit, forces
are no longer applied. There is no maximum engagement related to a high airspeed
condition.
When ESP has been engaged for more than ten seconds (cumulative; not necessarily
consecutive seconds) of a 20-second interval, the autopilot is automatically engaged
with the flight director in Level Mode, bringing the aircraft into level flight. An aural
“Engaging Autopilot” alert is played and the flight director mode annunciation will
indicate ‘LVL’ for vertical and lateral modes.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
3)
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Flight
Instruments
Exporting a profile:
The pilot can interrupt ESP by pressing and holding either the Control Wheel Steering (CWS) or Autopilot Disconnect (AP/YD DISC TRIM INTRPT) switch. Upon releasing the CWS or AP/YD DISC TRIM INTRPT switch, ESP force will again be applied, provided aircraft attitude and/or airspeed are within their respective engagement
limits. ESP can also be overridden by overpowering the servo’s mechanical torque limit.
ESP can be enabled or disabled on the AUX-SYSTEM SETUP 2 Page on the MFD.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Additional Features
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
To enable or disable ESP™:
Turn the large FMS Knob to select the AUX Page Group.
2)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the System Setup Page.
3)
If necessary, select the SETUP 2 Softkey to display the AUX-SYSTEM SETUP 2
Page. If the AUX-SYSTEM SETUP 2 is already displayed, proceed to step 4.
4)
Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
5)
Turn the large FMS Knob to place the cursor in the STABILITY & PROTECTION
field.
6)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select ‘ENABLE’ or ‘DISABLE’.
7) Press the FMS Knob to remove the cursor.
ESP is automatically enabled on system power up.
Procedures
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
Abnormal
Operation
Annun/
Alerts
Appendix
Index
1)
Roll Engagement
Roll Limit Indicators are displayed on the roll scale at 45° right and left, indicating
where ESP will engage. As roll attitude exceeds 45°, ESP will engage and the on-side
Roll Limit Indicator will move to 30°. The Roll Limit Indicator is now showing where
ESP will disengage as roll attitude decreases.
Once engaged, ESP force will be applied between 30° and 75°. The force increases
as roll attitude increases and decreases as roll attitude decreases. The applied force
is intended to encourage pilot input that returns the airplane to a more normal roll
attitude. As roll attitude decreases, ESP will disengage at 30°.
ESP is automatically disengaged if the aircraft reaches the autopilot roll engagement
attitude limit of 75°.
Pitch Engagement
ESP engages at 17° nose-up and 21° nose-down. Once ESP is engaged, it will apply
opposing force between 14° and 50° nose-up and between 18° and 50° nose-down.
Maximum opposing force is applied between 21° and 50° nose-up and between 26°
and 50° nose-down.
82
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Additional Features
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Exceeding Vmo will result in ESP applying force to raise the nose of the aircraft.
When the high airspeed condition is remedied, ESP force is no longer applied.
EIS
High Airspeed Protection
Flight
Instruments
The opposing force increases or decreases depending on the pitch angle and the
direction of pitch travel. This force is intended to encourage movement in the pitch
axis in the direction of the normal pitch attitude range for the aircraft.
There are no indications marking the pitch ESP engage and disengage limits in
these nose-up/nose-down conditions.
AFCS
SIRIUSXM SATELLITE RADIO
GPS Nav
The XM Radio Page provides information and control of the audio entertainment
features of the SiriusXM Satellite Radio.
Selecting the XM Radio Page
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the displayed AUX - XM Information
Page.
3)
Select the RADIO Softkey to show the XM Radio Page where audio
entertainment is controlled.
Hazard
Avoidance
2)
Procedures
Turn the large FMS Knob to select the Auxiliary Page Group.
Flight
Planning
1)
Active Channel and Channel List
83
Index
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
Appendix
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Annun/
Alerts
The Category Box of the XM Radio Page displays the currently selected category
of audio.
1) Select the CATGRY Softkey on the XM Radio Page.
2) Select the CAT + and CAT - softkeys to cycle through the categories.
Or:
Turn the small FMS Knob to display the ‘Categories’ list. Highlight the
desired category with the small FMS Knob.
3) Press the ENT Key.
Abnormal
Operation
Selecting a Category
Additional
Features
The Active Channel Box on the XM Radio Page displays the currently selected
channel. The Channels List Box of the XM Radio Page shows a list of the available
channels for the selected category.
Additional Features
1)
While on the XM Radio Page, select the CHNL Softkey.
2)
Select the CH + Softkey to go up through the list in the Channel Box, or
move down the list with the CH – Softkey.
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Select an Available Channel within the Selected Category
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Or:
Press the FMS Knob to highlight the channel list and turn the large FMS
Knob to scroll through the channels.
AFCS
3)
With the desired channel highlighted, press the ENT Key.
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
Entering a Channel Directly
1)
While on the XM Radio Page, select the CHNL Softkey.
2)
Select the DIR CH Softkey. The channel number in the Active Channel Box
is highlighted.
3)
Select the numbered softkeys located on the bottom of the display to
directly select the desired channel number.
4)
Press the ENT Key to activate the selected channel.
Assigning Channel Presets
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Up to 15 channels from any category can be assigned a preset number.
1) On the XM Radio Page, with the desired channel active, select the
PRESETS Softkey to access the first five preset channels (PS1 - PS5).
2) Select the MORE Softkey to access the next five channels (PS6 – PS10),
and again to access the last five channels (PS11 – PS15). Pressing the
MORE Softkey repeatedly cycles through the preset channels.
3) Select any one of the (PS1 - PS15) softkeys to assign a number to the
active channel.
4) Select the SET Softkey on the desired channel number to save the channel
as a preset.
Index
Appendix
Adjusting Volume
84
1)
With the XM Radio Page displayed, press the VOL Softkey.
2)
Press the VOL – Softkey to reduce volume or press the VOL + Softkey to
increase volume. (Once the VOL Softkey is pressed, the volume can also be
adjusted using the small FMS Knob.)
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Additional Features
EIS
Mute SiriusXM audio
Select the XM Radio Page.
2)
Press the MUTE Softkey to mute the audio. Press the MUTE softkey again
to unmute the audio.
AFCS
SATELLITE TELEPHONE & SMS MESSAGING
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
Abnormal
Operation
Creating a new contact:
1) Turn the large FMS Knob on the MFD to select the AUX page group.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to select SATELLITE PHONE.
3) Create the new contact by using one of the following series of steps:
a) Press the FMS Knob to display the cursor.
b) Turn the large FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘NEW ENTRY’.
c) Press the ENT Key.
Or:
Procedures
Up to 250 names, telephone numbers, and email addresses may be entered
and stored. These contacts may be used to place telephone calls or send
email and text messages.
Flight
Planning
Contacts
GPS Nav
The optional GSR 56 Iridium Transceiver provides Iridium Satellite Telephone
service and SMS text messaging. Iridium telephone and text messaging are available
to the flight crew through the Multi-function Display, audio panel and headset. The
system provides a telephone handset interface to be used for voice communication
between the aircraft cabin and the cockpit and for Iridium telephone service in the
aircraft cabin.
Operation of these features in the cockpit is accomplished through the AUXTELEPHONE and AUX-TEXT MESSAGING Pages. For operation using the cabin
handset, consult the instructions provided with the handset.
Annun/
Alerts
Appendix
Index
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
1)
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Flight
Instruments
Radio volume may also be adjusted at each passenger station.
3) Press the MUTE Softkey to mute the audio. Press the MUTE Softkey again
to unmute the audio.
85
Additional Features
Flight
Instruments
a) Press the MENU Key on the MFD or MFD Controller to display the Page
Menu.
b) Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘Create New Contact’.
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
c) Press the ENT Key.
The cursor is displayed in the NAME field. Use the FMS Knobs or the
alphanumeric keys on the MFD Controller to enter the contact name.
5)
Press the ENT Key. The cursor moves to the PHONE NUMBER field.
6)
Use the FMS Knobs or the numeric keys on the MFD Controller to enter the
telephone number.
7)
Press the ENT Key. The cursor moves to the EMAIL field.
8)
Use the FMS Knobs or the numeric keys on the MFD Controller to enter the
email address.
9)
Press the ENT Key. The cursor is displayed on the SAVE Button.
Procedures
Flight
Planning
10) Press the ENT Key to save the new contact entry. The new contact is
displayed in the SAVED CONTACTS List of contacts. Select CANCEL to
delete the new entry.
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Edit a saved contact:
1) Turn the large FMS Knob on the MFD to select the AUX page group.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to select SATELLITE PHONE.
3) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
4) Turn the large FMS Knob to place the cursor on the desired contact in the
SAVED CONTACTS List.
5) Select the EDIT Softkey.
6) Use the FMS Knobs and/or the alphanumeric keys on the MFD Controller to
edit the desired contact information.
7) Press the ENT Key. The cursor is displayed on the SAVE Button.
8) Press the ENT Key to save the changes.
Annun/
Alerts
Appendix
Index
4)
Telephone Communication
The pilot or copilot can place and answer calls on the Iridium satellite network.
Control and monitoring of telephone functions are accomplished through the AUXTELEPHONE Page.
86
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Additional Features
Flight
Instruments
Viewing the Telephone Page:
1) Turn the large FMS Knob on the MFD to select the AUX page group.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to select SATELLITE PHONE.
3) If necessary, press the TEL Softkey to display the AUX-TELEPHONE Page.
EIS
External
Phone
Description
AFCS
Internal
Phone
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
The PHONE STATUS display gives a graphical representation of the current
disposition of voice and/or data transmissions. Table 8-5 describes symbology used
on Phone Status display.
GPS Nav
Phone is Idle
Phone is ringing
Flight
Planning
Phone has a dial tone (off hook) or connected to another phone
Procedures
Phone dialed is busy
Hazard
Avoidance
Phone is dialing another phone
Additional
Features
Phone has failed
Abnormal
Operation
Phone status not known
Phone is disabled
Annun/
Alerts
Phone is reserved for data transmission
Appendix
Calling other phone or incoming call from other phone
Index
Other phone is on hold
Phones are connected
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
87
Enable/Disable the Iridium Telephone System
The Iridium Satellite Telephone System may be turned on or off by using the page
menu.
To enable the Iridium telephone system:
1) With the AUX-TELEPHONE Page displayed, select the MENU Key on the
MFD to display the Page Menu.
2) Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘Enable Iridium Transmission’.
3) Press the ENT Key.
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Additional Features
Incoming Calls
When viewing MFD pages other than the AUX-TELEPHONE Page, a pop-up alert
will be displayed and an aural alert “Incoming Call” will be heard. The pop-up alert
may be inhibited at times, such as during takeoff. In addition to the pop-up alert, a
ringing phone symbol will be displayed to the right of the MFD page title. Also, the
voice alert “Incoming Call” will be heard on the selected cockpit audio.
Answering an incoming call in the cockpit:
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
To disable the Iridium telephone system:
1) With the AUX-TELEPHONE Page displayed, select the MENU Key on the
MFD to display the Page Menu.
2) Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘Disable Iridium Transmission’.
3) Press the ENT Key.
1)
Press the
2)
Select the ANSWER Softkey on the MFD.
Key on the audio panel.
Or:
Annun/
Alerts
While viewing the AUX-TELEPHONE Page:
Index
Appendix
NOTE: The Push-to-Talk switch is not utilized for telephone communication.
The microphone is active after selecting the ANSWER Softkey, and stays active
until the call is terminated.
88
1)
Press the
2)
Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu.
Key on the audio panel.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Additional Features
Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘Answer Incoming Call’.
4)
Press the ENT Key.
Select the DIAL Softkey on the MFD. A display similar to will be shown.
Hazard
Avoidance
2)
Key on the audio panel.
Additional
Features
Or:
While viewing the AUX-TELEPHONE Page:
Key on the audio panel.
Abnormal
Operation
a) Press the
Procedures
Press the
Flight
Planning
1)
GPS Nav
To make a call by entering the number:
AFCS
Outgoing Calls
Voice calls can be made from the cockpit to an external phone through the Iridium
Satellite Network.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Disabling incoming call alerts:
1) With the AUX-TELEPHONE Page displayed, press the MENU Key on the
MFD to display the Page Menu.
2) Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘Disable Incoming Call Alerts’.
3) Press the ENT Key. The voice and pop-up alert will not be displayed now
when an incoming call is received.
EIS
Selecting the IGNORE Softkey will extinguish the pop-up window and leave the
current call unanswered. Selecting the IGNRE ALL Softkey will extinguish the popup window for the current and all future incoming calls and leave the current call
unanswered. Selecting the TEL Softkey will display the AUX-TELEPHONE Page
allowing additional call information to be viewed before answering.
Flight
Instruments
3)
b) Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu.
c) Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘Dial a Phone Call’.
Annun/
Alerts
d) Press the ENT Key.
3)
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
89
Index
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Appendix
Enter the desired telephone number by selecting the number softkeys on
the MFD or by pressing the numeric keys on the MFD Control Unit. The
International dialing sequence is necessary to place a call from the cockpit
to an external phone: Country Code + City/Area Code (if any) + Telephone
Number.
Additional Features
Satellite System
Country Code
Inmarsat
870
ICO
8810 or 8811
Ellipso
8812 or 8813
Iridium
8816 or 8817
Globalstar
8818 or 8819
4)
Press the ENT Key. ‘OK’ is highlighted.
5)
Press the ENT Key. The system will begin calling the number.
When the phone is answered, the connection is established. To exit the call, select
the HANGUP Softkey.
When numeric entries are required while a call is connected, such as selecting
menu items like “dial zero to get an operator”, select the KEYPAD Softkey to access
the numeric softkeys.
To make a call by selecting a saved contact:
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
The following country codes may be used when calling other satellite
telephone systems.
1)
Press the
2)
Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
3)
Turn the large FMS Knob to place the cursor on the desired contact in the
SAVED CONTACTS List.
Key on the audio panel.
Abnormal
Operation
Select the DIAL Softkey on the MFD.
Or:
a) Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu.
Annun/
Alerts
b) Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘Call Selected Contact’.
c) Press the ENT Key.
Appendix
Placing A Call on Hold
Select the HOLD Softkey on the MFD.
Index
Or:
90
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Additional Features
Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu.
2)
Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘Put Current Call On Hold’.
3)
Press the ENT Key.
Flight
Instruments
1)
Procedures
Hazard
Avoidance
Description
Flight
Planning
Message Symbol
GPS Nav
Viewing the Text Messaging Page:
1) Turn the large FMS Knob on the MFD to select the AUX page group.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the SATELLITE PHONE.
3) If necessary, select the SMS Softkey to display the AUX-TEXT MESSAGING
Page.
AFCS
The pilot or copilot can send and receive text messages on the Iridium satellite
network. Messages may be sent to an email address or text message capable cellular
telephone. Message length is limited to 160 characters, including the email address.
The text messaging user interface is mainly through the AUX-TEXT MESSAGING
Page.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Text Messaging (SMS)
EIS
The cockpit phone is now isolated from the call. Select the HOLD
Softkey again to resume the call.
Received text message that has not been opened
Additional
Features
Received text message that has been opened
Abnormal
Operation
Saved text message, draft not sent
Annun/
Alerts
System is sending text message
Appendix
Text message has been sent
Index
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
91
Additional Features
Flight
Instruments
Message Symbol
Description
EIS
System failed to send text message
Viewing a Text Message When Received
When viewing MFD pages other than the AUX-TEXT MESSAGING Page, a pop-up
alert will be displayed when a new text message is received.
Select the VIEW Softkey to view the message. Selecting the IGNORE Softkey will
extinguish the pop-up window and leave the text message unopened. Selecting the
IGNR ALL Softkey will extinguish the pop-window and ignore all future incoming
text messages. Selecting the SMS Softkey will display the AUX-TEXT MESSAGING
Page.
The pop-up alerts may be enabled or disabled through the Page Menu.
Enabling/disabling incoming text message pop-up alerts:
1) With the AUX-TEXT MESSAGING Page displayed, press the MENU Key on
the MFD to display the Page Menu.
2) Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘Disable New Message
Popups’ or ‘Enable New Message Popups’.
3) Press the ENT Key. The pop-up alert will not be displayed when an
incoming text message is received.
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Predefined text message
Abnormal
Operation
Reply to a Text Message
After reading a text message, a reply may be sent.
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Replying to a text message:
While viewing the text message, select the REPLY Softkey.
Or:
1) Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu.
2) Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘Reply To Message’.
3) Press the ENT Key.
92
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Additional Features
Flight
Instruments
Sending a Text Message
Text messages may be sent from the AUX-TEXT MESSAGING Page.
EIS
Sending a new text message:
1) While viewing the AUX-TEXT MESSAGING Page, select the NEW Softkey.
Or:
a) Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu.
b) Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘Draft New Message’.
c) Press the ENT Key.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Enter the desired message using any combination of entry methods as
described in step 2.
5)
Press the ENT Key.
6)
Select the SEND Softkey to send the message immediately, or select the
SAVE Softkey to save the message in Outbox for sending at a later time.
Select the CANCEL Softkey to delete the message.
Hazard
Avoidance
4)
Additional
Features
Press the ENT Key. The PREDEFINED MESSAGES view is now displayed.
4)
Select the NEW Softkey.
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
Index
3)
Appendix
Turn either FMS Knob to select ‘Edit Predefined Messages’.
Annun/
Alerts
Creating a predefined text message:
1) While viewing the AUX-TEXT MESSAGING Page, press the MENU Key to
display the Page Menu.
Abnormal
Operation
Predefined Text Messages
Time and effort can be saved in typing text messages that are used repeatedly by
saving these messages as a predefined message.
2)
Procedures
Press the ENT Key. The cursor is now displayed in the ‘MESSAGE’ field.
Flight
Planning
3)
GPS Nav
The TEXT MESSAGE DRAFT Window is now displayed with the cursor in the
‘TO’ field. Enter the desired telephone number or email address. Entry can
be accomplished through the alphanumeric keys on the MFD Controller,
or combination of the FMS Knob on the controller and softkeys on the
MFD. The FMS Knob is used to enter letters and numbers, or numbers
can be entered from the MFD by selecting the NUMBERS Softkey. Select
the CAP LOCK Softkey to create upper and lower case alpha characters.
Special characters can be accessed by selecting the SYMBOLS Softkey.
AFCS
2)
93
Additional Features
Flight
Instruments
Or:
a) Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu.
EIS
b) Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘Draft New Predefined
Message’.
5)
The cursor is displayed in the ‘TITLE’ field. Enter the desired message title.
Entry can be accomplished through the alphanumeric keys on the MFD
Controller, or combination of the FMS Knob on the controller and softkeys
on the MFD. The FMS Knob is used to enter letters and numbers, or
numbers can be entered from the MFD by selecting the NUMBERS Softkey.
Select the CAP LOCK Softkey to create upper and lower case alpha
characters. Special characters can be accessed by selecting the SYMBOLS
Softkey.
6)
Press the ENT Key. The cursor is now displayed in the ‘MESSAGE’ field.
7)
Enter the desired message using any combination of entry methods as
described in step 5.
8)
Press the ENT Key.
9)
Select the SAVE Softkey. The new predefined message is now shown in
the displayed list. Selecting the CANCEL Softkey will delete the message
without saving.
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
c) Press the ENT Key. The PREDEFINED SMS TEXT MESSAGE Window is
now displayed.
Additional
Features
10) Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu.
11) Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘Stop Editing Predefined
Message’.
Abnormal
Operation
12) Press the ENT Key.
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Sending a predefined text message:
1) While viewing the AUX-TEXT MESSAGING Page, select the NEW Softkey.
2) The TEXT MESSAGE DRAFT Window is now displayed with the cursor in the
‘TO’ field. Enter the desired telephone number or email address. Entry can
be accomplished through the alphanumeric keys on the MFD Controller, or
combination of the FMS Knob on the controller and softkeys on the MFD.
The FMS Knob is used to enter letters and numbers, or numbers can be
entered from the MFD by selecting the NUMBERS Softkey. Select the CAP
LOCK Softkey to create upper and lower case alpha characters. Special
characters can be accessed by selecting the SYMBOLS Softkey.
94
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Additional Features
4)
Select the PREDEFD Softkey. The PREDEFINED MESSAGE MENU Window is
displayed.
5)
Turn either FMS Knob to select the desired predefined message.
6)
Press the ENT Key. The predefined message text is inserted into the
message field. If desired, the message can be edited by using the FMS
Knobs.
7)
Press the ENT Key.
8)
Select the SEND Softkey to transmit the message.
EIS
Press the ENT Key. The cursor is now displayed in the ‘MESSAGE’ field.
Flight
Instruments
3)
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
GPS Nav
Flight
Planning
Procedures
Show Inbox messages:
While viewing the AUX-TEXT MESSAGING Page, select the ARRANGE
Softkey, then select the INBOX Softkey.
Or:
1) Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu.
2) Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘Show Inbox Messages’.
3) Press the ENT Key. The message box selected for viewing is indicated
at the bottom left of the list window.
AFCS
Text Message Boxes
Received text messages reside in the Inbox as ‘Read’ or ‘Unread’ messages. The
Outbox contains ‘Sent” and ‘Unsent’ text messages. Saved messages that are meant to
be sent later are stored as Drafts. Each text message box may be viewed separately, or
together in any combination.
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
Abnormal
Operation
Annun/
Alerts
Appendix
Show Outbox messages:
While viewing the AUX-TEXT MESSAGING Page, select the ARRANGE
Softkey, then select the OUTBOX Softkey.
Or:
1) Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu.
2) Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘Show Outbox Messages’.
3) Press the ENT Key. The message box selected for viewing is indicated
at the bottom left of the list window.
Index
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
95
Additional Features
Managing Text Messages
The viewed messages may be listed according to the date/time the message was
sent or received, the type of message (read, unread, sent, unsent, etc.), or by message
address.
Viewing messages sorted by message date/time:
While viewing the AUX-TEXT MESSAGING Page, select the ARRANGE
Softkey, then select the TIME Softkey.
Or:
1) Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu.
2) Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘Sort By Date/Time’.
3) Press the ENT Key. The sorting selection is indicated at the bottom
center of the list window.
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Show Draft messages:
While viewing the AUX-TEXT MESSAGING Page, select the ARRANGE
Softkey, then select the DRAFTS Softkey.
Or:
1) Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu.
2) Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘Show Draft Messages’.
3) Press the ENT Key. The message box selected for viewing is indicated
at the bottom left of the list window.
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Viewing messages sorted by message type:
While viewing the AUX-TEXT MESSAGING Page, select the ARRANGE
Softkey, then select the TYPE Softkey.
Or:
1) Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu.
2) Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘Sort By Type’.
3) Press the ENT Key. The sorting selection is indicated at the bottom
center of the list window.
Index
Viewing messages sorted by address:
While viewing the AUX-TEXT MESSAGING Page, select the ARRANGE
Softkey, then select the ADDRESS Softkey.
96
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Additional Features
Flight
Instruments
Or:
1) Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu.
2) Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘Sort By Address’.
EIS
3) Press the ENT Key. The sorting selection is indicated at the bottom
center of the list window.
AFCS
GPS Nav
Flight
Planning
Procedures
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
Abnormal
Operation
Annun/
Alerts
Marking selected message as read:
1) While viewing the Inbox on the AUX-TEXT MESSAGING Page, press the
FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
2) Turn either FMS Knob to select the desired message.
3) Select the MRK READ Softkey.
Or:
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Viewing the content of a text message:
1) While viewing the AUX-TEXT MESSAGING Page, select the desired message
box.
2) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
3) Turn either FMS Knob to select the desired message.
4) Select the VIEW Softkey.
Or:
Press the ENT Key.
Or:
a) Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu.
b) Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘View Selected Message’.
c) Press the ENT Key.
5) To close the text message, select the CLOSE Softkey.
Or:
a) Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu.
b) Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘Close Message’.
c) Press the ENT Key.
Appendix
Index
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
97
Additional Features
Flight
Instruments
a) Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu.
b) Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘Mark Selected Message
As Read’.
EIS
c) Press the ENT Key.
The message symbol now indicates the message has been opened.
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Marking all messages as read:
1) While viewing the Inbox on the AUX-TEXT MESSAGING Page, press the
MENU Key to display the Page Menu.
2) Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘Mark All New Messages As
Read’.
3) Press the ENT Key. A confirmation window is displayed.
4) With cursor highlighting ‘YES’, press the ENT Key. The message symbols
now indicate all the message have been opened.
HYPOXIA RECOGNITION SYSTEM WITH AUTOMATIC DESCENT MODE
NOTE: The Automatic Descent Mode does not account for terrain elevation.
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Delete a message:
1) While viewing the Inbox on the AUX-TEXT MESSAGING Page, press the
FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
2) Turn either FMS Knob to select the desired message.
3) Select the DELETE Softkey.
Or:
a) Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu.
b) Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘Delete Selected Message’.
c) Press the ENT Key.
The system is operative when either the cabin pressuration is above 14,900 feet
MSL and the Garmin AFCS autopilot is engaged or, if cabin altitude information is
lost, when the aircraft is above 14,900 feet (pressure altitude) and the Garmin AFCS
autopilot is engaged. Pilot interaction with the G1000 system is monitored by detecting
key presses and turns of the knobs (Audio Panel and push-to-talk switch excluded). If
a period of inactivity is detected, Hypoxia Recognition initiates an automatic descent.
98
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Additional Features
EIS
Determining Pilot Alertness
Procedures
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
Abnormal
Operation
Annun/
Alerts
Appendix
Index
99
Flight
Planning
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
GPS Nav
As the system prepares for descent, the Selected Altitude is set to 14,000 and the
AFCS enters IAS mode with the airspeed reference set to the maximum allowable
airspeed setting for the specific aircraft model. IAS is displayed in the AFCS Status
Box along with the target airspeed where Flight Level Change Mode (FLC) is normally
displayed. Refer to the Flight Director Vertical Modes in the AFCS section. AFCS
lateral mode settings are not affected.
As the descent begins, an ‘AUTO DESCENT’ warning is displayed in the Annunciation
Window. ‘AUTO DESCENT - Aircraft Descending to 14,000FT’ is displayed in the
Messages Window. ‘EDM’ is shown as an AFCS Status Annunciation indicating the
system has entered Automatic Descent Mode. ‘EDM’ (Emergency Descent Mode) is the
AFCS mode that is activated when Hypoxia Recognition initiates an automatic descent.
A continuous repeating chime will be heard as long as Automatic Descent Mode is
active. After the descent begins, Automatic Descent Mode can only be canceled by
disconnecting the autopilot.
AFCS
Automatic Descent Mode
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
When the system detects a sufficient period of inactivity the Advisory Annunciation
‘ARE YOU ALERT?’ is displayed. Selecting the MSG Softkey will acknowledge the
message and reset the system. Pressing any other softkey, or turning a knob will also
reset the system.
When no pilot interaction is detected for an additional 60 seconds, the Caution
Annunciation ‘HYPOXIA ALERT’ is displayed. Again, selecting the MSG Softkey will
acknowledge the message and reset the system. Pressing any other softkey, or turning
a knob will also reset the system.
When no pilot interaction is detected for an additional 60 seconds, the Warning
Annunciation ‘AUTO DESCENT’ is displayed in the Annunciation Window and
‘Automatic descent to 14,000FT in 60 seconds’ is displayed in the Messages Window.
Once again, selecting the MSG Softkey will acknowledge the message and reset the
system. Pressing any other softkey, or turning a knob will also reset the system.
When no interaction is detected for another 60 seconds, the system will
automatically proceed with the descent.
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Flight
Instruments
Upon activation, there are three sequential phases employed by the system;
determining pilot alertness, descent to 14,000 feet MSL, and descent to 12,500 feet
MSL.
As the aircraft reaches 14,000 feet the system sets the AFCS to Altitude Hold
mode. The AFCS will also remain in Automatic Descent Mode as indicated by ‘EDM’
continuing to be displayed as an AFCS Status Annunciation. The system again begins
monitoring for pilot interaction.
If no pilot interaction is detected for four minutes, the system initiates the second
descent. As the system prepares for this descent, the Selected Altitude is set to 12,500
and the AFCS again enters IAS mode with the airspeed reference set to the maximum
allowable airspeed for the specific aircraft model.
As the descent begins, an ‘AUTO DESCENT’ warning is displayed in the
Annunciation Window. ‘AUTO DESCENT - Aircraft Descending to 12,500FT’ is
displayed in the Messages Window. ‘EDM’ is shown as an AFCS Status Annunciation.
Also, the continuous repeating chime is heard.
As the aircraft reaches 12,500 feet the system sets the AFCS to Altitude Hold
mode. The AFCS will also remain in Automatic Descent Mode as indicated by ‘EDM’
continuing to be displayed as an AFCS Status Annunciation as well as the continuing
presence of the repeating chime. At this point, the AFCS must be disconnected to
cancel Automatic Descent Mode.
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Additional Features
100
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Abnormal Operation
Flight
Instruments
ABNORMAL OPERATION
REVERSIONARY MODE
Procedures
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
When a COM tuning failure is detected by the system, the emergency frequency
(121.500 MHz) is automatically loaded into the active frequency field of the COM
radio for which the tuning failure was detected. In the event of a failure of both PFDs,
the emergency frequency (121.500 MHz) automatically becomes the active frequency
on both COM radios.
Flight
Planning
ABNORMAL COM OPERATION
GPS Nav
NOTE: The Piper PA-46 Mirage Pilot’s Operating Handbook (POH) always
takes precedence over the information found in this section.
AFCS
• PFD1 – By pressing the DISPLAY BACKUP Button on the left audio panel.
• MFD – By pressing the DISPLAY BACKUP Button on the left or the right
audio panel.
• PFD2 – By pressing the DISPLAY BACKUP Button on the right audio
panel.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Manual activation of reversionary display mode is accomplished by pressing the
DISPLAY BACKUP Button on the appropriate audio panel.
EIS
If the system detects an MFD failure, reversionary mode is entered automatically.
Reversionary mode must be entered manually in the case of a PFD failure. In reversionary
mode, critical flight instrumentation is combined with engine instrumentation on the
remaining display.
Abnormal
Operation
AUDIO PANEL FAIL-SAFE OPERATION
Annun/
Alerts
Appendix
If there is a failure of the Audio Panel, a fail-safe circuit connects the pilot’s headset
and microphone directly to the COM1 transceiver and the copilot’s headset directly to
the COM2 transceiver. Audio is not available on the speakers.
In addition, the following functions are no longer available; NAV/ILS audio, speaker,
cockpit/cockpit-passengers intercom, aural warning alerts on headset, entertainment
inputs, and digital recording radio.
Index
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
101
HAZARD DISPLAYS WITH LOSS OF GPS POSITION
If GPS position is lost, or becomes invalid, selected hazards being displayed on the
Navigation Map Page are removed until GPS position is again established.
Loss of Hazard Functions with Loss of GPS
Position
UNUSUAL ATTITUDES
The PFD ‘declutters’ when the aircraft enters an unusual attitude. Only the primary
functions are displayed in these situations.
The following information is removed from the PFD (and corresponding softkeys
are disabled) when the aircraft experiences unusual attitudes:
• Traffic Annunciations
• AFCS Annunciations
• Flight director Command Bars
• Inset Map
• Temperatures
• DME Information
Window
• Wind Data
• Selected Heading Box
• Selected Course Box
• Transponder Status
Box
• System Time
• PFD Setup Menu
• Windows displayed in
the lower right corner
of the PFD:
– Timer/References
– Nearest Airports
– Flight Plan
– Messages
– Procedures
• Barometric Minimum
Descent Altitude Box
• Glideslope, Glidepath,
and Vertical Deviation
Indicators
• Altimeter Barometric
Setting
• Selected Altitude
• VNV Target Altitude
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Abnormal Operation
Extreme Pitch Indication
102
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Abnormal Operation
AFCS
GPS Nav
Flight
Planning
Procedures
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
Abnormal
Operation
Annun/
Alerts
Appendix
DR Mode is indicated on the G1000 by the appearance of the letters ‘DR’
superimposed in yellow over the ‘own aircraft’ symbol as shown in the following
figure. In addition, ‘DR’ is prominently displayed, also in yellow, on the HSI slightly
above and to the right of the aircraft symbol on the CDI as shown in the following
figure. The CDI deviation bar is displayed in yellow, but will be removed from the
display after 20 minutes. Lastly, but at the same time, a ‘GPS NAV LOST’ alert message
appears on the PFD.
Normal navigation using GPS/SBAS source data resumes automatically once a valid
GPS solution is restored.
It is important to note that estimated navigation data supplied by the G1000 in
DR Mode may become increasingly unreliable and must not be used as a sole means
of navigation. If, while in DR Mode, airspeed and/or heading data is also lost or
not available, the DR function may not be capable of estimating your position and,
consequently, the system may display a path that is different than the actual movement
of the aircraft. Estimated position information displayed by the G1000 through
DR while there is no heading and/or airspeed data available should not be used for
navigation.
DR Mode is inherently less accurate than the standard GPS/SBAS Mode due to the
lack of satellite measurements needed to determine a position. Changes in wind speed
and/or wind direction compounds the relative inaccuracy of DR Mode. Because of this
degraded accuracy, the crew must maintain position awareness using other navigation
equipment until GPS-derived position data is restored.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
NOTE: Dead Reckoning Mode only functions in Enroute (ENR) or Oceanic
(OCN) phase of flight. In all other phases, an invalid GPS solution produces
a “NO GPS POSITION” annunciation on the map and the G1000 stops
navigating in GPS Mode.
EIS
While in Enroute or Oceanic phase of flight, if the G1000 detects an invalid GPS
solution or is unable to calculate a GPS position, the system automatically reverts to
Dead Reckoning (DR) Mode. In DR Mode, the G1000 uses its last-known position
combined with continuously updated airspeed and heading data (when available) to
calculate and display the aircraft’s current estimated position.
Flight
Instruments
DEAD RECKONING
Index
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
103
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Abnormal Operation
As a result of operating in DR Mode, all GPS-derived data is computed based upon
an estimated position and is displayed as yellow text on the display to denote degraded
navigation source information. This data includes the following:
•
•
•
•
•
•
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
SUSPECTED AUTOPILOT MALFUNCTION
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Navigation Status Box fields except Active Leg, TAS, and DTK
GPS Bearing Pointer
Wind data and pointers in the Wind Data Box on the PFD
Current Track Indicator
All Bearing Pointer Distances
Active Flight Plan distances, bearings, and ETE values
Also, while the G1000 is in DR Mode, the autopilot will couple to GPS for up to 20
minutes. TAWS is also disabled. Additionally, the accuracy of all nearest information
(airports, airspaces, and waypoints) is questionable. Finally, airspace alerts continue
to function, but with degraded accuracy.
NOTE: Consult the aircraft documentation for the location of circuit breakers
as well as specifics that may supplement or amplify this procedure.
If an autopilot failure or trim failure is suspected to have occurred, perform the
following steps:
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Symbolic Aircraft
(Map pages and Inset Map)
Dead Reckoning Indications
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
CDI ‘DR’ Indication on PFD
104
1)
Firmly grasp the control wheel.
2)
Press and hold the AP DISC Switch. The autopilot will disconnect and
power is removed from the trim motor. Power is also removed from all
primary servo motors and engaged solenoids. Note the visual and aural
alerting indicating autopilot disconnect.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Abnormal Operation
4)
Pull the appropriate circuit breaker(s) to electrically isolate the servo and
solenoid components.
5)
Release the AP DISC Switch.
EIS
Retrim the aircraft as needed. Substantial trim adjustment may be needed.
Flight
Instruments
3)
OVERPOWERING AUTOPILOT SERVOS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
AFCS
GPS Nav
Flight
Planning
Procedures
In the context of this discussion, “overpowering” refers to any pressure or force
applied to the pitch controls when the autopilot is engaged. A small amount of
pressure or force on the pitch controls can cause the autopilot automatic trim to run
to an out-of-trim condition. Therefore, any application of pressure or force to the
controls should be avoided when the autopilot is engaged.
Overpowering the autopilot during flight will cause the autopilot’s automatic trim
to run, resulting in an out-of-trim condition or cause the trim to hit the stop if the
action is prolonged. In this case, larger than anticipated control forces are required
after the autopilot is disengaged.
The following steps should be added to the preflight check:
1) Check for proper autopilot operation and ensure the autopilot can be
overpowered.
2) Note the forces required to overpower the autopilot servo clutches.
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
Abnormal
Operation
Annun/
Alerts
Appendix
Index
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
105
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Abnormal Operation
Blank Page
106
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Annunciations & Alerts
Flight
Instruments
ANNUNCIATIONS & ALERTS
CAS MESSAGES
Abnormal
Operation
Annun/
Alerts
Appendix
DOOR AJAR
FUEL PRESS LOW
L FUEL QTY LOW
R FUEL QTY LOW
GEAR SYS
PITOT HEAT FAIL
SPDBRAKES EXTD
USP ACTIVE
WDSHLD OVRTMP
Additional
Features
CHECK GEAR
Hazard
Avoidance
CABIN ALT 10K
Procedures
AUTO DESCENT
Flight
Planning
AUTO DESCENT
Description
Alternator 1 has failed
Alternator 2 has failed
HYPOXIA ALERT has been active for 60 seconds, aircraft will
begin descent in 60 seconds. Double chime. ‘AUTO DESCENT
- Automatic descent to 14,000FT in 60 seconds’ in Messages
Window.
AUTO DESCENT has been active for 60 seconds, EDM activated.
Repeating double chime. ‘AUTO DESCENT - Aircraft descending to
14,000FT’ in Messages Window.
No interaction detected for four minutes after aircraft reaches
14,000 feet. Repeating double chime. ‘AUTO DESCENT - Aircraft
descending to 12,500FT’ in Messages Window.
Cabin altitude above 10,000 feet
Landing gear not down and locked, or landing gear selected UP
when on ground
Forward baggage door or cabin door is not closed
Fuel pressure is low
Left fuel quantity is in warning range
Right fuel quantity is in warning range
A component of the gear system has failed
Both left and right pitot heat have failed
Speedbrakes extended during takeoff
Underspeed protection is active.
Windshield heater over-temperature or controller malfunction
GPS Nav
AUTO DESCENT
AFCS
Warning Messages
ALTR 1 FAIL
ALTR 2 FAIL
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Warnings Messages
EIS
If two alert levels of the same message are active simultaneously (e.g., DOOR AJAR
warning and DOOR AJAR advisory) only the higher alert level is displayed.
If a GEA or GIA fails, all CAS messages depending on sensors associated with that
LRU are automatically inhibited. Inhibits cannot be activated by invalid sensor data.
Index
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
107
Caution Messages
Caution Messages
BOOST PUMP FAIL
CHECK GEAR
CO LVL HIGH
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Annunciations & Alerts
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
CPCS FAIL
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
CPCS FAULT
FLAP FAIL
FUEL IMBALANCE
GEAR SYS
HYDR PUMP ON
HYPOXIA ALERT
OXYGEN GEN ON
L PITOT HT FAIL
R PITOT HT FAIL
PITOT HEAT OFF
SPDBRAKES EXTD
Boost pump failed
Landing gear not down and locked
Carbon monoxide level is high
Cabin Pressure Controller has failed or lost ARINC communication
on the ground
Cabin Pressure Controller has lost ARINC communication
A flap system failure has occurred
Fuel imbalance is over 10.7 gallons
A component of the gear system has failed
Hydraulic pump is on and should not be on
ARE YOU ALERT? has been active for 60 seconds
Oxygen generation system has been turned on
Left pitot heat has failed
Right pitot heat has failed
Pitot heat selected off
Speedbrakes extended during landing, or in flight with engine off
or being started
Failure detected in stall warning system
Starter engaged when engine is running
Surface de-ice fail
Vacuum system pressure abnormal
Advisory Messages
Advisory Messages
ARE YOU ALERT?
AV1 FAN FAIL
AV2 FAN FAIL
DOOR AJAR
EMERG FUEL OFF
EMERG FUEL ON
FUEL IMBALANCE
L FUEL QTY LOW
R FUEL QTY LOW
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
STALL WARN FAIL
START ENGAGED
SURF DEICE FAIL
VAC PRESS LOW
Description
108
Description
A period of inactivity exceeding limits has been detected
Avionics 1 forward cooling fan has failed
Avionics 2 forward cooling fan has failed
Forward baggage door or cabin door is not closed
Emergency fuel off
Emergency fuel on
Fuel imbalance is over 10.7 gallons
Left fuel quantity is in advisory range
Right fuel quantity is in advisory range
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Annunciations & Alerts
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
AFCS
STALL HEAT ON
SURF DEICE ON
VACUUM 1 FAIL
VACUUM 2 FAIL
The cooling fan for the MFD has failed
The cooling fan for PFD1 has failed
The cooling fan for PFD2 has failed
Speedbrakes extended while on ground, or in flight with engine
running
Stall heat is on
Normal surface de-ice cycle is active
Vacuum pump 1 failure
Vacuum pump 2 failure
EIS
SPDBRAKES EXTD
Description
Flight
Instruments
Advisory Messages
MFD FAN FAIL
PFD1 FAN FAIL
PFD2 FAN FAIL
Condition
Flight
Planning
Comparator
Window Text
ALT MISCOMP
GPS Nav
COMPARATOR ANNUNCIATIONS
Difference in altitude sensors is > 200 ft.
If both airspeed sensors detect < 35 knots, this is inhibited.
If either airspeed sensor detects > 35 knots, and the difference in sensors is > 10
kts.
HDG MISCOMP Difference in heading sensors is > 6 degrees.
Difference in pitch sensors is > 5 degrees.
Additional
Features
PIT MISCOMP
ROLL MISCOMP Difference in roll sensors is > 6 degrees.
No data from one or both altitude sensors.
IAS NO COMP
No data from one or both airspeed sensors.
Abnormal
Operation
ALT NO COMP
HDG NO COMP No data from one or both heading sensors.
No data from one or both pitch sensors.
Annun/
Alerts
PIT NO COMP
Hazard
Avoidance
If either airspeed sensor detects > 80 knots, and the difference in sensors is > 7
kts.
Procedures
IAS MISCOMP
ROLL NO COMP No data from one or both roll sensors..
Appendix
Index
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
109
REVERSIONARY SENSOR ANNUNCIATIONS
Reversionary
Sensor Window
Text
BOTH ON ADC1
BOTH ON ADC2
BOTH ON AHRS1
GPS Nav
Flight
Planning
Procedures
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
Abnormal
Operation
Annun/
Alerts
Appendix
Index
Condition
Both PFDs are displaying data from the number one Air Data Computer.
Both PFDs are displaying data from the number two Air Data Computer.
Both PFDs are displaying data from the number one Attitude & Heading Reference
System.
BOTH ON AHRS2
Both PFDs are displaying data from the number two Attitude & Heading Reference
System.
BOTH ON GPS1
BOTH ON GPS2
USING ADC1
USING ADC2
USING AHRS1
USING AHRS2
USING GPS1
USING GPS2
Both PFDs are displaying data from the number one GPS receiver.
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Annunciations & Alerts
Both PFDs are displaying data from the number two GPS receiver.
PFD2 is displaying data from the #1 Air Data Computer.
PFD1 is displaying data from the #2 Air Data Computer.
PFD2 is displaying data from the #1 AHRS.
PFD1 is displaying data from the #2 AHRS.
PFD2 is displaying data from the #1 GPS.
PFD1 is displaying data from the #2 GPS.
AFCS ALERTS
Condition
Annunciation Description
Pitch Failure
AP engaged when aircraft altitude above 30,000 ft and cabin
pressurization is lost.
Selected Heading set 90° left of current heading; Selected
Altitude set to 15000 ft.
Pitch axis control failure.
Roll Failure
Roll axis control failure.
Pitch Trim Axis
Control Failure
Yaw Damper
Failure
System Failure
If annunciated when AP is engaged, a failure has occurred in the
pitch trim system.
Emergency
Descent Mode
110
YD control failure; AP also inoperative
AP and MEPT are unavailable. FD may still be available.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Annunciations & Alerts
Annunciation Description
A condition has developed causing the roll servo to provide a
sustained left force.
Aileron
Mistrim Right
A condition has developed causing the roll servo to provide a
sustained right force.
Rudder
Mistrim Left
A condition has developed causing the yaw servo to provide a
sustained force.
Rudder
Mistrim Right
A condition has developed causing the yaw servo to provide a
sustained force.
Preflight Test
Performing preflight system test. Upon completion of the test,
the aural alert will be heard.
Preflight system test has failed.
Procedures
TERRAIN-SVS ALERTS
MFD
Pop-Up Alert
Hazard
Avoidance
Aural
Message
Reduced Required Obstacle
Clearance Warning (ROC)
“Warning; Obstacle,
Obstacle”
Imminent Obstacle Impact
Warning (IOI)
“Warning; Obstacle,
Obstacle”
Reduced Required Terrain
Clearance Caution (RTC)
“Caution; Terrain,
Terrain”
Imminent Terrain Impact
Caution (ITI)
“Caution; Terrain,
Terrain”
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
111
Index
“Warning; Terrain,
Terrain”
Appendix
Imminent Terrain Impact
Warning (ITI)
Annun/
Alerts
“Warning; Terrain,
Terrain”
Abnormal
Operation
Reduced Required Terrain
Clearance Warning (RTC)
Additional
Features
PFD/MFD
Terrain-SVS
Page
Annunciation
Alert Type
Flight
Planning
Aileron
Mistrim Left
GPS Nav
A condition has developed causing the pitch servo to provide a
sustained force in the nose down direction.
AFCS
Elevator
Mistrim Down
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
A condition has developed causing the pitch servo to provide a
sustained force in the nose up direction.
EIS
Elevator
Mistrim Up
Flight
Instruments
Condition
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Annunciations & Alerts
Alert Type
PFD/MFD
Terrain-SVS
Page
Annunciation
MFD
Pop-Up Alert
Aural
Message
Reduced Required Obstacle
Clearance Caution (ROC)
“Caution; Obstacle,
Obstacle”
Imminent Obstacle Impact
Caution (IOI)
“Caution; Obstacle,
Obstacle”
TERRAIN-SVS SYSTEM STATUS ANNUNCIATIONS
Terrain-SVS Page
Annunciation
Aural
Message
TERRAIN TEST
None
None
“Terrain System
Test OK”
Terrain Alerting
Inhibited
None
None
No GPS position
NO GPS POSITION
“Terrain System
Not Available”
None
“Terrain System
Not Available”
TERRAIN FAIL
“Terrain System
Failure”
TERRAIN DATABASE FAILURE
None
Alert Type
PFD/MFD Alert
Annunciation
System Test in progress
System Test pass
None
Excessively degraded
GPS signal; or
Out of database
coverage area
Terrain System Test Fail;
Terrain or Obstacle
database unavailable or
invalid;
Invalid software
configuration; or
System audio fault
MFD Terrain or Obstacle
database unavailable
or invalid, Terrain-SVS
operating with PFD
Terrain or Obstacle
databases
112
None
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Annunciations & Alerts
Alert Type
MFD
Pop-Up Alert
Aural Message
EIS
PFD/MFD
TAWS-B Page
Annunciation
Flight
Instruments
TAWS-B ALERTS
“Pull Up”
Imminent Obstacle Impact
Warning (IOI)
“Obstacle, Obstacle; Pull
Up, Pull Up”
Reduced Required Terrain
Clearance Caution (RTC)
“Caution, Terrain; Caution,
Terrain”
Imminent Terrain Impact
Caution (ITI)
“Terrain Ahead; Terrain
Ahead”
Reduced Required Obstacle Clearance Caution
(ROC)
“Caution, Obstacle; Caution, Obstacle”
Imminent Obstacle Impact
Caution (IOI)
“Obstacle Ahead;
Obstacle Ahead”
Premature Descent Alert
Caution (PDA)
“Too Low, Terrain”
None
None
Abnormal
Operation
Altitude Callout “500”
Additional
Features
“Obstacle Ahead, Pull Up;
Obstacle Ahead, Pull Up”
“Five-Hundred”
“Sink Rate”
Negative Climb Rate Caution (NCR)
“Don’t Sink”
Annun/
Alerts
Excessive Descent Rate
Caution (EDR)
Hazard
Avoidance
Reduced Required Obstacle Clearance Warning
(ROC)
Procedures
Terrain Ahead, Pull Up;
Terrain Ahead, Pull Up”
Flight
Planning
Imminent Terrain Impact
Warning (ITI)
GPS Nav
“Terrain, Terrain; Pull Up,
Pull Up”
AFCS
Reduced Required Terrain
Clearance Warning (RTC)
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Excessive Descent Rate
Warning (EDR)
Appendix
Index
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
113
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Annunciations & Alerts
TAWS-B System Status Annunciations
Alert Type
PFD/MFD Alert
Annunciation
System Test in
Progress
System Test Pass
None
TAWS-B System Test
Fail
Terrain or Obstacle
database unavailable
or invalid,
invalid software
configuration, system
audio fault
MFD Terrain or
Obstacle database
unavailable or invalid.
System operating
with PFD Terrain or
Obstacle databases
None
No GPS position
Excessively degraded
GPS signal or out of
database coverage
area
TAWS-B Page
Annunciation
Aural Message
TAWS TEST
None
None
“TAWS System
Test OK”
TAWS FAIL
“TAWS System
Failure”
TERRAIN DATABASE FAILURE
None
NO GPS POSITION
“TAWS Not
Available”
None
“TAWS Not
Available”
MESSAGE ADVISORY ALERTS
Messages Window
Audio Alert
PFD1 FAN FAIL – The cooling fan for PFD1 is inoperative.
PFD2 FAN FAIL – The cooling fan for PFD2 is inoperative.
MFD FAN FAIL – The cooling fan for the MFD is inoperative.
AV FAN FAIL – The cooling fan for remote avionics has failed.
None
114
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Annunciations & Alerts
Voice Alert
Flight
Instruments
VOICE ALERTS
Alert Trigger
“Airspeed”
Airspeed has exceeded VNE.
The ‘CHECK GEAR’ CAS message has been triggered.
“Engaging Autopilot”
The ESP system is engaging the autopilot. See the AFCS section
for more details.
A call has been received via the Iridium system.
“Minimums, Minimums”
Imminent stall is sensed by the stall vane(s).
Countdown timer on the PFD has reached zero.
“Vertical Track”
The aircraft is one minute from Top of Descent (only if vertical
navigation is enabled).
GPS Nav
“Timer Expired”
“TIS Not Available”
The aircraft is outside the TIS coverage area (not available with
TAS installed).
“TAS System Test Failed”
Played when the optional TAS system fails a pilot-initiated self
test.
Hazard
Avoidance
Played when the optional TAS system passes a pilot-initiated
self test.
Intruder distance (GTS 825/855 only)
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
Index
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Intruder relative altitude (GTS 825/855 only)
Appendix
“Less than one mile”,
“One Mile” through “Ten
Miles”, or “More than ten
miles”
Intruder bearing (GTS 825/855 only)
Annun/
Alerts
“High”, “Low”, “Same
Altitude” (if within 200 feet of
own altitude), or “Altitude not
available”
Abnormal
Operation
“One o’clock” through
“Twelve o’clock”
or “No Bearing”
Played when the optional TCAS I system fails a pilot-initiated
self test.
Additional
Features
“TCAS One System Test Passed” Played when the optional TCAS I system passes a pilot-initiated
self test.
“TCAS One System Test Failed”
Procedures
Played when a Traffic Advisory (TA) is issued with the TIS system
or the optional TAS/TCAS I system. See the Hazard Avoidance
section for additional details on GTS 825/855 voice alerts.
Flight
Planning
“Traffic”
“TAS System Test Passed”
AFCS
“Stall”
The aircraft has descended below the preset minimum descent
altitude or decision altitude.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
“Incoming Call”
EIS
“Check Gear”
115
FLIGHT PLAN IMPORT/EXPORT MESSAGES
In some circumstances, some messages may appear in conjunction with others.
Flight Plan Import/Export
Results
A flight plan file stored on the SD card was successfully
imported as a stored flight plan.
‘File contained user waypoints only.
User waypoints imported successfully. No stored flight plan data was
modified.’
The file stored on the SD card did not contain a flight plan,
only user waypoints. These waypoints have been saved to the
system user waypoints. No flight plans stored in the system
have been modified.
‘No flight plan files found to import.’
The SD card contains no flight plan data.
‘Flight plan import failed.’
Flight plan data was not successfully imported from the SD card.
‘Flight plan partially imported.’
Some flight plan waypoints were successfully imported from
the SD card, however others had errors and were not imported.
A partial stored flight plan now exists in the system.
‘File contained user waypoints only.’
The file stored on the SD card did not contain a flight plan,
only user waypoints. One or more of these waypoints did not
import successfully.
‘Too many points. Flight plan truncated.’
The flight plan on the SD card contains more waypoints than
the system can support. The flight plan was imported with as
many waypoints as possible.
‘Some waypoints not loaded. Waypoints locked.’
The flight plan on the SD card contains one or more waypoints
that the system cannot find in the navigation database. The
flight plan has been imported, but must be edited within the
system before it can be activated for use.
‘User waypoint database full. Not all
loaded.’
The flight plan file on the SD card contains user waypoints.
The quantity of stored user waypoints has exceeded system
capacity, therefore not all the user waypoints on the SD card
have been imported. Any flight plan user waypoints that were
not imported are locked in the flight plan. The flight plan must
be edited within the system before it can be activated for use.
Abnormal
Operation
Annun/
Alerts
Appendix
Index
Description
‘Flight plan successfully imported.’
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Annunciations & Alerts
‘One or more user waypoints renamed.’ One or more imported user waypoints were renamed when
imported due to naming conflicts with waypoints already
existing in the system.
‘Flight plan successfully exported.’
The stored flight plan was successfully exported to the SD card.
‘Flight plan export failed.’
The stored flight plan was not successfully exported to the SD
card. The SD card may not have sufficient available memory or
the card may have been removed prematurely.
116
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Annunciations & Alerts
Flight
Instruments
PILOT PROFILE IMPORT/EXPORT MESSAGES
In some circumstances, some messages may appear in conjunction with others.
Description
EIS
Flight Plan Import/Export
Results
‘Overwrite existing profile?’
Displayed if the profile name matches the name of existing
profile.
‘Profile name invalid. Enter a
different profile name.’
Displayed if the profile name is invalid.
‘All available pilot profiles in use.
Delete a profile before importing
another.’
Displayed if the maximum number for pilot profiles has
been reached.
‘Pilot profile import failed.’
Displayed if the importing operation fails for any other
reason.
‘Pilot profile import succeeded.’
Displayed if the importing operation succeeds.
‘Overwrite existing file?’
Displayed if the filename matches the name of an existing
file on the SD card.
‘Pilot profile export failed.’
Displayed if the export operation fails.
‘Pilot profile export succeeded.’
Displayed if the export operation succeeds.
AFCS
Displayed if the SD card does not have one or more valid
pilot profile filenames.
GPS Nav
Flight
Planning
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
Comments
ADC1 ALT EC – ADC1 altitude
error correction is unavailable.
GDC1 or GDC2 is reporting that the altitude error correction is
unavailable.
ADC1 AS EC – ADC1 airspeed
error correction is unavailable.
GDC1 or GDC2 is reporting that the airspeed error correction
is unavailable.
ADC1 SERVICE– ADC1 needs
service. Return unit for repair.
The GDC1 should be serviced..
ADC2 ALT EC– ADC2 altitude
error correction is unavailable.
GDC1 or GDC2 is reporting that the altitude error correction is
unavailable.
ADC2 AS EC– ADC2 airspeed
error correction is unavailable.
GDC1 or GDC2 is reporting that the airspeed error correction
is unavailable.
Appendix
Index
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
Annun/
Alerts
Abort approach due to loss of GPS navigation.
Abnormal
Operation
ABORT APR – Loss of GPS
navigation. Abort approach.
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Procedures
MFD & PFD MESSAGE ADVISORIES
Message
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
‘No pilot profile plan files found to
import.’
117
Message
Comments
ADC2 SERVICE– ADC2 needs
service. Return unit for repair.
The GDC2 should be serviced..
AFT AV FAN FAIL– The cooling
fan for aft avionics has failed.
The cooling fan for the aft remote avionics has failed.
AHRS MAG DB– AHRS
The #1 AHRS and #2 AHRS magnetic model database versions
magnetic model database version do not match.
mismatch.
AHRS1 CAL– AHRS1 calibration The #1 AHRS calibration version error. The system should be
version error. Srvc req’d.
serviced.
AHRS1 CONFIG– AHRS1 config AHRS configuration settings do not match those of backup
error. Config service req’d.
configuration memory. The system should be serviced.
AHRS1 GPS– AHRS1 not
receiving any GPS information.
The #1 AHRS is not receiving any or any useful GPS
information. Check AFMS limitations. The G1000 system
should be serviced.
AHRS1 GPS– AHRS1
not receiving backup GPS
information.
The #1 AHRS is not receiving backup GPS information. The
G1000 system should be serviced.
AHRS1 GPS– AHRS1 operating
exclusively in no-GPS mode.
The #1 AHRS is operating exclusively in no-GPS mode. The
G1000 system should be serviced.
AHRS1 GPS– AHRS1 using
backup GPS source.
The #1 AHRS is using the backup GPS path. Primary GPS
path has failed. The G1000 system should be serviced when
possible.
AHRS1 SERVICE– AHRS1 needs A failure has been detected in the #1 AHRS. The system should
service. Return unit for repair.
be serviced.
AHRS1 SRVC– AHRS1
Magnetic-field model needs
update.
The #1 AHRS earth magnetic field model is out of date. Update
magnetic field model when practical.
AHRS1 TAS – AHRS1 not
receiving valid airspeed.
The #1 AHRS is not receiving true airspeed from the air data
computer. The AHRS relies on GPS information to augment the
lack of airspeed. The G1000 system should be serviced.
AHRS2 CAL– AHRS2 calibration The #2 AHRS calibration version error. The system should be
version error. Srvc req’d.
serviced.
AHRS2 CONFIG– AHRS2 config AHRS configuration settings do not match those of backup
error. Config service req’d.
configuration memory. The system should be serviced.
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Annunciations & Alerts
118
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Annunciations & Alerts
Comments
AHRS2 GPS– AHRS2 not
receiving any GPS information.
Flight
Instruments
Message
The #2 AHRS is not receiving any or any useful GPS
information. Check AFMS limitations. The G1000 system
should be serviced.
EIS
AHRS2 GPS– AHRS2 not
The #2 AHRS is not receiving backup GPS information. The
receiving backup GPS information. G1000 system should be serviced.
AHRS2 GPS– AHRS2 using
backup GPS source.
The #2 AHRS is using the backup GPS path. Primary GPS
path has failed. The G1000 system should be serviced when
possible.
AFCS
The #2 AHRS is operating exclusively in no-GPS mode. The
G1000 system should be serviced.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
AHRS2 GPS– AHRS2 operating
exclusively in no-GPS mode.
APR ADVISORY – SBAS VNAV
not available. Using Baro VNAV.
SBAS VNAV not available. Check GPS sensor.
APR DWNGRADE– Apr
downgraded.
Vertical guidance generated by SBAS is unavailable, use LNAV
only minimums.
APR INACTV– Approach is not
active.
The system notifies the pilot that the loaded approach is not
active. Activate approach when required.
ARSPC AHEAD – Airspace
ahead less than 10 minutes.
Special use airspace is ahead of aircraft. The aircraft will
penetrate the airspace within 10 minutes.
ARSPC NEAR– Airspace near–
less than 2 nm.
Special use airspace is within 2 nm of the aircraft position.
ARSPC NEAR– Airspace near
and ahead.
Special use airspace is near and ahead of the aircraft position.
AUTO DESCENT– Automatic
descent to 14,000FT in 60
seconds.
HYPOXIA ALERT has been active for 60 seconds, aircraft will
begin descent in 60 seconds.
AUTO DESCENT– Aircraft
descending to 14,000FT.
AUTO DESCENT has been active for 60 seconds, EDM activated.
AUTO DESCENT– Aircraft
descending to 12,500FT.
No interaction detected for four minutes after aircraft reaches
14,000 feet.
Appendix
Index
119
Annun/
Alerts
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
Abnormal
Operation
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Additional
Features
The #2 AHRS is not receiving true airspeed from the air data
computer. The AHRS relies on GPS information to augment the
lack of airspeed. The G1000 system should be serviced.
Hazard
Avoidance
AHRS2 TAS – AHRS2 not
receiving valid airspeed.
Procedures
The #2 AHRS earth magnetic field model is out of date. Update
magnetic field model when practical.
Flight
Planning
AHRS2 SRVC– AHRS2
Magnetic-field model needs
update.
GPS Nav
AHRS2 SERVICE– AHRS2 needs A failure has been detected in the #2 AHRS. The system should
service. Return unit for repair.
be serviced.
Comments
Altimeter setting is not the same on PFD1 and PFD2.
Synchronize settings for VNAV guidance.
CHECK CRS– Database course
for LOC1 / [LOC ID] is [CRS]°.
Selected course for LOC1 differs from published localizer
course by more than 10 degrees.
CHECK CRS– Database course
for LOC2 / [LOC ID] is [CRS]°.
Selected course for LOC2 differs from published localizer
course by more than 10 degrees.
CNFG MODULE– PFD1
configuration module is
inoperative.
The PFD1 configuration module backup memory has failed.
The G1000 system should be serviced.
CO DET FAIL– The carbon
monoxide detector is inoperative.
The carbon monoxide detector has failed.
CO DET SRVC– The carbon
monoxide detector needs service.
The carbon monoxide detector needs service.
COM1 CONFIG– COM1 config
error. Config service req’d.
COM1 and/or COM2 configuration settings do not match
backup configuration memory. The G1000 system should be
serviced.
COM1 MANIFEST–
COM1 software mismatch,
communication halted.
COM1 and/or COM2 software mismatch. The system should
be serviced.
COM1 PTT– COM1 push-to-talk The COM1 and/or COM2 external push-to-talk switch is stuck
key is stuck.
in the enable (or “pressed”) position. Press the PTT switch
again to cycle its operation. If the problem persists, the G1000
system should be serviced.
COM1 RMT XFR– COM1
remote transfer key is stuck.
The COM1 and/or COM2 transfer switch is stuck in the enabled
(or “pressed”) position. Press the transfer switch again to
cycle its operation. If the problem persists, the G1000 system
should be serviced.
COM1 SERVICE– COM1 needs
service. Return unit for repair.
The system has detected a failure in COM1 and/or COM2.
COM1 and/or COM2 may still be usable. The G1000 system
should be serviced when possible.
COM1 TEMP – COM1 over
temp. Reducing transmitter
power.
The system has detected an over temperature condition in
COM1 and/or COM2. The transmitter is operating at reduced
power. If the problem persists, the G1000 system should be
serviced.
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
BARO MISMATCH– Correct
baro mismatch for VNAV
guidance.
AFCS
Message
GPS Nav
Flight
Instruments
Annunciations & Alerts
120
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Annunciations & Alerts
Comments
COM2 MANIFEST–
COM2 software mismatch,
communication halted.
COM1 and/or COM2 software mismatch. The system should
be serviced.
AFCS
COM2 PTT– COM2 push-to-talk The COM1 and/or COM2 external push-to-talk switch is stuck
key is stuck.
in the enable (or “pressed”) position. Press the PTT switch
again to cycle its operation. If the problem persists, the G1000
system should be serviced.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
COM1 and/or COM2 configuration settings do not match
backup configuration memory. The G1000 system should be
serviced.
EIS
COM2 CONFIG– COM2 config
error. Config service req’d.
Flight
Instruments
Message
The COM1 and/or COM2 transfer switch is stuck in the enabled
(or “pressed”) position. Press the transfer switch again to
cycle its operation. If the problem persists, the G1000 system
should be serviced.
COM2 SERVICE– COM2 needs
service. Return unit for repair.
The system has detected a failure in COM1 and/or COM2.
COM1 and/or COM2 may still be usable. The G1000 system
should be serviced when possible.
COM2 TEMP – COM2 over
temp. Reducing transmitter
power.
The system has detected an over temperature condition in
COM1 and/or COM2. The transmitter is operating at reduced
power. If the problem persists, the G1000 system should be
serviced.
Procedures
CURSOR LIMITED– Map
panning limit has been reached.
Map cursor panning is limited to < 89 degrees north or south.
Additional
Features
DATA LOST– Pilot stored data
was lost. Recheck settings.
The pilot profile data was lost. System reverts to default pilot
profile and settings. The pilot may reconfigure the MFD & PFDs
with preferred settings, if desired.
Abnormal
Operation
DB CHANGE– Database
changed. Verify stored airways.
This occurs when a stored flight plan contains an airway that is
no longer consistent with the navigation database. This alert is
issued only after an navigation database update. Verify use of
airways in stored flight plans and reload airways as needed.
Annun/
Alerts
DB CHANGE– Database
changed. Verify user modified
procedures.
This occurs when a stored flight plan contains procedures that
have been manually edited. This alert is issued only after an
navigation database update. Verify that the user-modified
procedures in stored flight plans are correct and up to date.
Flight
Planning
Index
121
Appendix
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
Hazard
Avoidance
CPCS CONFIG ERROR–
Unexpected config strapping.
190-01888-00 Rev. B
GPS Nav
COM2 RMT XFR– COM2
remote transfer key is stuck.
Message
The PFDs and MFD have different airport terrain database
versions or regions installed. Check the AUX-SYSTEM STATUS
Page to determine versions or regions. Also, check the AUXSYSTEM STATUS Page for a database synchronization function
not completed. After synchronization is complete, power must
be turned off, then on.
DB MISMATCH– Navigation
database mismatch. Xtalk is off.
The PFDs and MFD have different navigation database versions
or regions installed. Crossfill is off. Check the AUX-SYSTEM
STATUS Page to determine versions or regions. Also, check
the AUX-SYSTEM STATUS Page for a database synchronization
function not completed. After synchronization is complete,
power must be turned off, then on.
DB MISMATCH– Obstacle
database mismatch.
The PFDs and MFD have different obstacle database versions
or regions installed. Check the AUX-SYSTEM STATUS Page to
determine versions or regions. Also, check the AUX-SYSTEM
STATUS Page for a database synchronization function not
completed. After synchronization is complete, power must be
turned off, then on.
DB MISMATCH– Standby
Navigation database mismatch.
The PFDs and MFD have different standby navigation database
versions or regions installed. Check the AUX-SYSTEM STATUS
Page to determine versions or regions. Also, check the AUXSYSTEM STATUS Page for a database synchronization function
not completed. After synchronization is complete, power must
be turned off, then on.
DB MISMATCH– Terrain
database mismatch.
The PFDs and MFD have different terrain database versions
or regions installed. Check the AUX-SYSTEM STATUS Page to
determine versions or regions. Also, check the AUX-SYSTEM
STATUS Page for a database synchronization function not
completed. After synchronization is complete, power must be
turned off, then on.
ESP CONFIG– ESP config error.
Config service req’d.
ESP is not configured properly. The system should be serviced.
ESP DEGRADE– ESP IAS mode
is inoperative.
IAS mode of ESP is inoperative. The system should be serviced.
ESP FAIL– ESP is inoperative.
The ESP function has failed and is inoperative. The system
should be serviced.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
AFCS
GPS Nav
Flight
Planning
Procedures
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
Abnormal
Operation
Annun/
Alerts
Index
Appendix
Comments
DB MISMATCH– Airport Terrain
database mismatch.
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Annunciations & Alerts
122
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Annunciations & Alerts
Comments
Flight
Instruments
Message
Electronic Stability and Protection has been disabled on the
SYSTEM SETUP 2 page.
EXCEEDANCE– Engine
exceedance data is being logged.
An engine exceedance log has been captured.
FAILED PATH– A data path has
failed.
A data path connected to the GDU or the GIA 63/W has failed.
FPL TRUNC – Flight plan has
been truncated.
This occurs when a newly installed navigation database
eliminates an obsolete approach or arrival used by a stored
flight plan. The obsolete procedure is removed from the flight
plan. Update flight plan with current arrival or approach.
FPL WPT LOCK – Flight plan
waypoint is locked.
Upon power-up, the G1000 system detects that a stored flight
plan waypoint is locked. This occurs when an navigation
database update eliminates an obsolete waypoint. The flight
plan cannot find the specified waypoint and flags this message.
This can also occur with user waypoints in a flight plan that
is deleted. Remove the waypoint from the flight plan if it no
longer exists in any database, or Update the waypoint name/
identifier to reflect the new information.
FPL WPT MOVE – Flight plan
waypoint moved.
The system has detected that a waypoint coordinate has
changed due to a new navigation database update. Verify that
stored flight plans contain correct waypoint locations.
EIS
ESP OFF– ESP selected off.
A failure has been detected in glideslope receiver 1 and/or
receiver 2. The receiver may still be available. The G1000
system should be serviced when possible.
GAE 43 FAILURE– Using
controller cabin information.
A failure has been detected in the altitude encoder. The cabin
altitude controller information is being used.
Appendix
123
Index
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
Annun/
Alerts
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Abnormal
Operation
G/S2 SERVICE– G/S2 needs
service. Return unit for repair.
Additional
Features
A failure has been detected in glideslope receiver 1 and/or
receiver 2. The G1000 system should be serviced.
Hazard
Avoidance
G/S2 FAIL– G/S2 is inoperative.
Procedures
A failure has been detected in glideslope receiver 1 and/or
receiver 2. The receiver may still be available. The G1000
system should be serviced when possible.
Flight
Planning
G/S1 SERVICE– G/S1 needs
service. Return unit for repair.
GPS Nav
A failure has been detected in glideslope receiver 1 and/or
receiver 2. The G1000 system should be serviced.
AFCS
G/S1 FAIL– G/S1 is inoperative.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
FUEL DISAGREE– Fuel
Total computed fuel remaining and sensed fuel quantity differ
remaining and fuel quantity differ. by more than six gallons.
Comments
GCU 476 configuration settings do not match those of backup
configuration memory. The G1000 system should be serviced.
GCU1 FAIL– GCU1 is
inoperative.
A failure has been detected in the GCU 476. The GCU 476 is
unavailable.
GCU1 KEYSTK– GCU1 [key
name] Key is stuck.
A key is stuck on the GCU 476 bezel. Attempt to free the stuck
key by pressing it several times. The G1000 system should be
serviced if the problem persists.
GCU1 MANIFEST–
GCU1 software mismatch,
communication halted.
The GCU 476 has incorrect software installed. The G1000
system should be serviced.
GDC1 MANIFEST–
GDC1 software mismatch,
communication halted.
The GDC 74A has incorrect software installed. The G1000
system should be serviced.
GDC2 MANIFEST–
GDC2 software mismatch,
communication halted.
The GDC 74A has incorrect software installed. The G1000
system should be serviced.
GDL69 CONFIG– GDL 69
config error. Config service req’d.
GDL 69 configuration settings do not match those of backup
configuration memory. The G1000 system should be serviced.
GDL69 FAIL– GDL 69 has
failed.
A failure has been detected in the GDL 69. The receiver is
unavailable. The G1000 system should be serviced
GDL69 MANIFEST–
GDL software mismatch,
communication halted.
The GDL 69 has incorrect software installed. The G1000
system should be serviced.
GDU ZOOM LIMITED– Map
zoom has been automatically
limited.
Increases in map range are automatically limited at > 68
degrees 35 minutes north or south.
GEA1 CONFIG– GEA1 config
error. Config service req’d.
The GEA1 configuration settings do not match those of backup
configuration memory. The G1000 system should be serviced.
GEA1 MANIFEST–
GEA1 software mismatch,
communication halted.
The #1 GEA 71 has incorrect software installed. The G1000
system should be serviced.
GEA2 CONFIG– GEA2 config
error. Config service req’d.
The GEA2 configuration settings do not match those of backup
configuration memory. The G1000 system should be serviced.
GEA2 MANIFEST–
GEA2 software mismatch,
communication halted.
The #2 GEA 71 has incorrect software installed. The G1000
system should be serviced.
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
GCU1 CONFIG– GCU1 Config
error. Config service req’d.
GPS Nav
Message
Flight
Planning
Flight
Instruments
Annunciations & Alerts
124
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Annunciations & Alerts
Comments
GEO LIMITS– AHRS2 too
far North/South, no magnetic
compass.
The aircraft is outside geographical limits for approved AHRS
operation. Heading is flagged as invalid.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
The aircraft is outside geographical limits for approved AHRS
operation. Heading is flagged as invalid.
EIS
GEO LIMITS– AHRS1 too
far North/South, no magnetic
compass.
Flight
Instruments
Message
GFC MANIFEST– GFC software Incorrect servo software is installed, or gain settings are
mismatch, communication halted. incorrect.
GIA1 CONFIG– GIA1 config
error. Config service req’d.
The GIA1 and/or GIA2 configuration settings do not match
backup configuration memory. The G1000 system should be
serviced.
GIA1 COOLING– GIA1 over
temperature.
The GIA1 and/or GIA2 temperature is too high. If problem
persists, the G1000 system should be serviced.
GIA1 COOLING– GIA1
temperature too low.
The GIA1 and/or GIA2 temperature is too low to operate
correctly. Allow units to warm up to operating temperature.
GIA1 MANIFEST– GIA1
software mismatch,
communication halted.
The GIA1 and/or GIA 2 has incorrect software installed. The
G1000 system should be serviced.
GIA1 SERVICE– GIA1 needs
service. Return unit for repair.
The GIA1 and/or GIA2 self-test has detected a problem in the
unit. The G1000 system should be serviced.
GIA2 CONFIG– GIA2 audio
config error. Config service req’d.
The GIA1 and/or GIA2 have an error in the audio configuration.
The G1000 system should be serviced.
GIA2 CONFIG– GIA2 config
error. Config service req’d.
The GIA1 and/or GIA2 configuration settings do not match
backup configuration memory. The G1000 system should be
serviced.
GIA2 COOLING– GIA2 over
temperature.
The GIA1 and/or GIA2 temperature is too high. If problem
persists, the G1000 system should be serviced.
GIA2 COOLING– GIA2
temperature too low.
The GIA1 and/or GIA2 temperature is too low to operate
correctly. Allow units to warm up to operating temperature.
GIA2 MANIFEST– GIA2
software mismatch,
communication halted.
The GIA1 and/or GIA 2 has incorrect software installed. The
G1000 system should be serviced.
GIA2 SERVICE– GIA2 needs
service. Return unit for repair.
The GIA1 and/or GIA2 self-test has detected a problem in the
unit. The G1000 system should be serviced.
Procedures
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
Abnormal
Operation
Annun/
Alerts
Appendix
125
Index
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
Flight
Planning
190-01888-00 Rev. B
GPS Nav
The GIA1 and/or GIA2 have an error in the audio configuration.
The G1000 system should be serviced.
AFCS
GIA1 CONFIG– GIA1 audio
config error. Config service req’d.
Message
Comments
GMA1 CONFIG– GMA1 config
error. Config service req’d.
The audio panel configuration settings do not match backup
configuration memory. The G1000 system should be serviced.
GMA1 FAIL– GMA1 is
inoperative.
The audio panel self-test has detected a failure. The audio
panel is unavailable. The G1000 system should be serviced.
GMA1 MANIFEST–
GMA1 software mismatch,
communication halted.
The audio panel has incorrect software installed. The G1000
system should be serviced.
GMA1 SERVICE– GMA1 needs
service. Return unit for repair.
The audio panel self-test has detected a problem in the
unit. Certain audio functions may still be available, and the
audio panel may still be usable. The G1000 system should be
serviced when possible.
GMC CONFIG– GMC Config
error. Config service req’d.
Error in the configuration of the GMC 710.
GMC FAIL– GMC is inoperative.
A failure has been detected in the GMC 710. The GMC 710 is
unavailable.
GMC KEYSTK– GMC [key
name] Key is stuck.
A key is stuck on the GMC 710 bezel. Attempt to free the
stuck key by pressing it several times. The G1000 system
should be serviced if the problem persists.
GMC MANIFEST– GMC
software mismatch.
Communication halted.
The GMC 710 has incorrect software installed. The G1000
system should be serviced.
GMU1 MANIFEST–
GMU1 software mismatch,
communication halted.
The GMU 44 has incorrect software installed. The G1000
system should be serviced.
GMU2 MANIFEST–
GMU2 software mismatch,
communication halted.
The GMU 44 has incorrect software installed. The G1000
system should be serviced.
GPS NAV LOST– Loss of GPS
navigation. GPS fail.
Loss of GPS navigation due to GPS failure.
GPS NAV LOST– Loss of GPS
navigation. Insufficient satellites.
Loss of GPS navigation due to insufficient satellites.
GPS NAV LOST– Loss of GPS
navigation. Position error.
Loss of GPS navigation due to position error.
GPS1 FAIL– GPS1 is inoperative. A failure has been detected in GPS1 receiver. The system
should be serviced.
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Annunciations & Alerts
126
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Annunciations & Alerts
Comments
GPS1 SERVICE– GPS1 needs
service. Return unit for repair.
A failure has been detected in the GPS1 receiver. The receiver
may still be available. The G1000 system should be serviced.
EIS
GPS2 FAIL– GPS1 is inoperative. A failure has been detected in GPS2 receiver. The system
should be serviced.
GRS1 MANIFEST–
GRS1 software mismatch,
communication halted.
The #1 AHRS has incorrect software installed. The G1000
system should be serviced.
GRS2 MANIFEST–
GRS2 software mismatch,
communication halted.
The #2 AHRS has incorrect software installed. The G1000
system should be serviced.
GSR1 FAIL– GSR1 has failed.
A failure has been detected in the #1 GSR 56. The system
should be serviced.
AFCS
A failure has been detected in the GPS2 receiver. The receiver
may still be available. The G1000 system should be serviced.
GPS Nav
Flight
Planning
Procedures
GTS CONFIG– GTS Config error. The GTS and GDU have different copies of the GTS
Config service req’d.
configuration, or the Mode S address is invalid. The G1000
system should be serviced.
GTS MANIFEST– GTS software The GTS has incorrect software installed. The G1000 system
mismatch, communication halted. should be serviced.
The transponder has incorrect software installed. The G1000
system should be serviced.
GTX2 MANIFEST–
GTX2 software mismatch,
communication halted.
The transponder has incorrect software installed. The G1000
system should be serviced.
GWX CONFIG– GWX config
error. Config service req’d.
GWX 68 configuration settings do not match those of the GDU
configuration. The G1000 system should be serviced.
Hazard
Avoidance
GTX1 MANIFEST–
GTX1 software mismatch,
communication halted.
Additional
Features
A failure has been detected in the GWX 68. The GWX 68 may
still be usable.
127
Index
GWX SERVICE– GWX needs
service.
Appendix
The GWX 68 has incorrect software installed. The G1000
system should be serviced.
Annun/
Alerts
GWX MANIFEST– GWX
software mismatch,
communication halted.
Abnormal
Operation
GWX FAIL– GWX is inoperative. The GDU is not recieving status packet from the GWX 68 or the
GWX 68 is reporting a fault. The GWX 68 radar system should
be serviced.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
GPS2 SERVICE– GPS2 needs
service. Return unit for repair.
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Flight
Instruments
Message
Message
Comments
HDG FAULT– AHRS1
A fault has occurred in the #1 GMU 44. Heading is flagged as
magnetometer fault has occurred. invalid. The AHRS uses GPS for backup mode operation. The
G1000 system should be serviced.
HDG FAULT– AHRS2
A fault has occurred in the #2 GMU 44. Heading is flagged as
magnetometer fault has occurred. invalid. The AHRS uses GPS for backup mode operation. The
G1000 system should be serviced.
HOLD EXPIRED– Holding EFC
time expired.
Expect Further Clearance (EFC) time has expired for the User
Defined Hold.
HW MISMATCH– GIA hardware A GIA mismatch has been detected, where only one is SBAS
mismatch. GIA1 communication capable.
halted.
HW MISMATCH– GIA hardware A GIA mismatch has been detected, where only one is SBAS
mismatch. GIA2 communication capable.
halted.
INCOMING CALL– Incoming
call.
Incoming Iridium voice call.
INSIDE ARSPC – Inside airspace. The aircraft is inside the airspace.
LOCKED FPL– Cannot navigate
locked flight plan.
This occurs when the pilot attempts to activate a stored flight
plan that contains locked waypoint. Remove locked waypoint
from flight plan. Update flight plan with current waypoint.
LOI– GPS integrity lost.
Crosscheck with other NAVS.
GPS integrity is insufficient for the current phase of flight.
LOW BANK ACTIVE –
Disengage for approach.
Low Bank mode is active. Disengage to continue approach.
LOW BANK ACTIVE –
Disengage for RNP less than 1.0.
Low Bank mode is active. Disengage to continue RNP 1.0.
LRG MAG VAR – Verify all
course angles.
The GDU’s internal model cannot determine the exact magnetic
variance for geographic locations near the magnetic poles.
Displayed magnetic course angles may differ from the actual
magnetic heading by more than 2°.
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Annunciations & Alerts
128
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Annunciations & Alerts
Comments
The specified GDU’s backlight calibration cannot be found or
found or is invalid. The system should be serviced.
MFD1 CARD 1 ERR– MFD1
card 1 is invalid.
The SD card in the top card slot of the specified PFD or MFD
contains invalid data.
MFD1 CARD 1 REM– MFD1
card 1 was removed. Reinsert
card.
The SD card was removed from the top card slot of the
specified PFD or MFD. The SD card needs to be reinserted.
MFD1 CARD 2 ERR– MFD1
card 2 is invalid.
The SD card in the bottom card slot of the specified PFD or
MFD contains invalid data.
MFD1 CARD 2 REM– MFD1
card 2 was removed. Reinsert
card.
The SD card was removed from the bottom card slot of the
specified PFD or MFD. The SD card needs to be reinserted.
MFD1 CONFIG– MFD1 config
error. Config service req’d.
The MFD configuration settings do not match backup
configuration memory. The G1000 system should be serviced.
MFD1 COOLING– MFD1 has
poor cooling. Reducing power
usage.
The MFD is overheating and is reducing power consumption by
dimming the display. If problem persists, the G1000 system
should be serviced.
Procedures
MFD1 DB ERR– MFD1
basemap database is
incompatible.
The MFD detected an incompatibility in the basemap database.
MFD1 DB ERR– MFD1
database error exists.
The MFD detected a failure in one or more databases. If
problem persists, the system should be serviced.
EIS
MFD1 BACKLIGHT
CALIBRATION– MFD1 bklt
cal lost or mismatch. Return for
repair.
Flight
Planning
Flight
Instruments
Message
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
AFCS
GPS Nav
Appendix
A key is stuck on the MFD bezel. Attempt to free the stuck
key by pressing it several times. The G1000 system should be
serviced if the problem persists.
Annun/
Alerts
MFD1 KEYSTK– MFD [key
name] Key is stuck.
Abnormal
Operation
The terrain database is present on another LRU, but is missing
on the specified LRU. Ensure that the data card is properly
inserted. Replace data card. If problem persists, the G1000
system should be serviced.
Additional
Features
MFD1 DB ERR– MFD1 Terrain
database missing.
Hazard
Avoidance
MFD1 DB ERR– MFD1 Obstacle The obstacle database is present on another LRU, but is
database missing.
missing on the specified LRU. Ensure that the data card is
properly inserted. Replace data card. If problem persists, the
G1000 system should be serviced.
Index
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
129
Message
Comments
MFD1 MANIFEST–
MFD1 software mismatch,
communication halted.
The MFD has incorrect software installed. The G1000 system
should be serviced.
MFD1 SERVICE– MFD1 needs
service. Return unit for repair.
The MFD self-test has detected a problem. The G1000 system
should be serviced.
MFD1 SOFTWARE– MFD1
The specified GDU has different software versions installed.
mismatch, communication halted. The system should be serviced.
MFD1 TERRAIN DSP – MFD1
Terrain awareness display
unavailable.
One of the terrain, airport terrain, or obstacle databases
required for TAWS in MFD1 is missing or invalid.
MFD1 VOLTAGE – MFD1 has
low voltage. Reducing power
usage
The MFD voltage is low. The G1000 system should be serviced.
NAV DB UPDATED– Active
navigation database updated.
System has updated the active navigation database from the
standby navigation database.
NAV1 MANIFEST–
NAV1 software mismatch,
communication halted.
NAV1 software mismatch. The system should be serviced.
NAV1 RMT XFR– NAV1 remote The remote NAV1 transfer switch is stuck in the enabled (or
transfer key is stuck.
“pressed”) state. Press the transfer switch again to cycle its
operation. If the problem persists, the G1000 system should
be serviced.
NAV1 SERVICE– NAV1 needs
service. Return unit for repair.
A failure has been detected in the NAV1 receiver. The receiver
may still be available. The G1000 system should be serviced.
NAV2 MANIFEST–
NAV2 software mismatch,
communication halted.
NAV2 software mismatch. The system should be serviced.
NAV2 RMT XFR– NAV2 remote The remote NAV2 transfer switch is stuck in the enabled (or
transfer key is stuck.
“pressed”) state. Press the transfer switch again to cycle its
operation. If the problem persists, the G1000 system should
be serviced.
NAV2 SERVICE– NAV2 needs
service. Return unit for repair.
A failure has been detected in the NAV2 receiver. The receiver
may still be available. The G1000 system should be serviced.
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Annunciations & Alerts
130
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Annunciations & Alerts
Comments
Flight
Instruments
Message
The position of the selected waypoint [xxxx] is not calculated
based on the WGS84 map reference datum and may be
positioned in error as displayed. Do not use GPS to navigate to
the selected non-WGS84 waypoint.
PFD1 BACKLIGHT
CALIBRATION– PFD1 bklt
cal lost or mismatch. Return for
repair.
The specified GDU’s backlight calibration cannot be found or
found or is invalid. The system should be serviced.
PFD1 CARD 1 ERR– PFD1 card
1 is invalid.
The SD card in the top card slot of the specified PFD or MFD
contains invalid data.
AFCS
NON WGS84 WPT – Do not use
GPS for navigation to [xxxx]
GPS Nav
Flight
Planning
PFD1 CARD 1 REM– PFD1 card The SD card was removed from the top card slot of the
1 was removed. Reinsert card.
specified PFD or MFD. The SD card needs to be reinserted.
The SD card in the bottom card slot of the specified PFD or
MFD contains invalid data.
Procedures
PFD1 CARD 2 ERR– PFD1 card
2 is invalid.
PFD1 detected an incompatibility in the basemap database.
PFD1 DB ERR– PFD1 database
error exists.
PFD1 detected a failure in one or more databases. If problem
persists, the system should be serviced.
PFD1 DB ERR– PFD1 Obstacle
database missing.
The obstacle database is present on another LRU, but is
missing on the specified LRU. Ensure that the data card is
properly inserted. Replace data card. If problem persists, the
G1000 system should be serviced.
PFD1 DB ERR– PFD1 Terrain
database missing.
The terrain database is present on another LRU, but is missing
on the specified LRU. Ensure that the data card is properly
inserted. Replace data card. If problem persists, the G1000
system should be serviced.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
131
Index
PFD1 DB ERR– PFD1 basemap
database is incompatible.
Appendix
The PFD and/or MFD is overheating and is reducing power
consumption by dimming the display. If problem persists, the
G1000 system should be serviced.
Annun/
Alerts
PFD1 COOLING– PFD1 has
poor cooling. Reducing power
usage.
Abnormal
Operation
The PFD configuration settings do not match backup
configuration memory. The G1000 system should be serviced.
Additional
Features
PFD1 CONFIG– PFD1 config
error. Config service req’d.
Hazard
Avoidance
PFD1 CARD 2 REM– PFD1 card The SD card was removed from the bottom card slot of the
2 was removed. Reinsert card.
specified PFD or MFD. The SD card needs to be reinserted.
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Navigation angle is not set to MAGNETIC at power-up.
EIS
NON-MAG UNITS– Nonmagnetic NAV ANGLE display
units are active.
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Annunciations & Alerts
Message
Comments
PFD1 KEYSTK– PFD1 [key
name] Key is stuck.
A key is stuck on the PFD and/or MFD bezel. Attempt to free
the stuck key by pressing it several times. The G1000 system
should be serviced if the problem persists.
PFD1 MANIFEST– PFD1
software mismatch,
communication halted.
The PFD and/or MFD has incorrect software installed. The
G1000 system should be serviced.
PFD1 SERVICE– PFD1 needs
service. Return unit for repair.
The PFD and/or MFD self-test has detected a problem. The
G1000 system should be serviced.
PFD1 SOFTWARE– PFD1
The specified GDU has different software versions installed.
mismatch, communication halted. The system should be serviced.
PFD1 TERRAIN DSP – PFD1
Terrain awareness display
unavailable.
One of the terrain, airport terrain, or obstacle databases
required for TAWS in PFD1 is missing or invalid.
PFD1 VOLTAGE – PFD1 has low
voltage. Reducing power usage
The PFD1 voltage is low. The G1000 system should be
serviced.
PFD2 BACKLIGHT
CALIBRATION– PFD2 bklt
cal lost or mismatch. Return for
repair.
The specified GDU’s backlight calibration cannot be found or
found or is invalid. The system should be serviced.
PFD2 CARD 1 ERR– PFD2 card
1 is invalid.
The SD card in the top card slot of the specified PFD or MFD
contains invalid data.
PFD2 CARD 1 REM– PFD2 card The SD card was removed from the top card slot of the
1 was removed. Reinsert card.
specified PFD or MFD. The SD card needs to be reinserted.
PFD2 CARD 2 ERR– PFD2 card
2 is invalid.
The SD card in the bottom card slot of the specified PFD or
MFD contains invalid data.
PFD2 CARD 2 REM– PFD2 card The SD card was removed from the bottom card slot of the
2 was removed. Reinsert card.
specified PFD or MFD. The SD card needs to be reinserted.
PFD2 CONFIG– PFD2 config
error. Config service req’d.
The PFD configuration settings do not match backup
configuration memory. The G1000 system should be serviced.
PFD2 COOLING– PFD2 has
poor cooling. Reducing power
usage.
The PFD and/or MFD is overheating and is reducing power
consumption by dimming the display. If problem persists, the
G1000 system should be serviced.
PFD2 DB ERR– PFD2 basemap
database is incompatible.
PFD2 detected an incompatibility in the basemap database.
PFD2 DB ERR– PFD2 database
error exists.
PFD2 detected a failure in one or more databases. If problem
persists, the system should be serviced.
132
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Annunciations & Alerts
Comments
The terrain database is present on another LRU, but is missing
on the specified LRU. Ensure that the data card is properly
inserted. Replace data card. If problem persists, the G1000
system should be serviced.
PFD2 KEYSTK– PFD2 [key
name] Key is stuck.
A key is stuck on the PFD and/or MFD bezel. Attempt to free
the stuck key by pressing it several times. The G1000 system
should be serviced if the problem persists.
PFD2 MANIFEST– PFD2
software mismatch,
communication halted.
The PFD and/or MFD has incorrect software installed. The
G1000 system should be serviced.
PFD2 SERVICE– PFD2 needs
service. Return unit for repair.
The PFD and/or MFD self-test has detected a problem. The
G1000 system should be serviced.
AFCS
PFD2 DB ERR– PFD2 Terrain
database missing.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
The obstacle database is present on another LRU, but is
missing on the specified LRU. Ensure that the data card is
properly inserted. Replace data card. If problem persists, the
G1000 system should be serviced.
EIS
PFD2 DB ERR– PFD2 Obstacle
database missing.
Flight
Instruments
Message
GPS Nav
Flight
Planning
Procedures
PFD2 SOFTWARE– PFD2
The specified GDU has different software versions installed.
mismatch, communication halted. The system should be serviced.
One of the terrain, airport terrain, or obstacle databases
required for TAWS in PFD2 is missing or invalid.
PFD2 VOLTAGE – PFD2 has low
voltage. Reducing power usage
The PFD2 voltage is low. The G1000 system should be
serviced.
PTK FAIL– Parallel track
unavailable: bad geometry.
Bad parallel track geometry.
PTK FAIL– Parallel track
unavailable: invalid leg type.
Invalid leg type for parallel offset.
PTK FAIL– Parallel track
unavailable: past IAF.
IAF waypoint for parallel offset has been passed.
RAIM UNAVAIL– RAIM is
not available from FAF to MAP
waypoints.
GPS satellite coverage is insufficient to perform Receiver
Autonomous Integrity Monitoring (RAIM) from the FAF to the
MAP waypoints.
REGISTER CONNEXT– Data
services are inoperative, register
w/Connext.
The system is not registered with Garmin Flight Data Services,
or it’s current registration data has failed authentication.
Hazard
Avoidance
PFD2 TERRAIN DSP – PFD2
Terrain awareness display
unavailable.
Additional
Features
Abnormal
Operation
Annun/
Alerts
Appendix
Index
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
133
Comments
Message criteria entered by the user.
SLCT FREQ– Select appropriate
frequency for approach.
The system notifies the pilot to load the approach frequency for
the appropriate NAV receiver. Select the correct frequency for
the approach.
SLCT MAG– Select MAGNETIC
NAV ANGLE display units.
?.
SLCT NAV– Select NAV on CDI
for approach.
The system notifies the pilot to set the CDI to the correct NAV
receiver. Set the CDI to the correct NAV receiver.
SLCT NON-MAG– Select
alternate NAV ANGLE display
units.
?
SPD KEY DISABLED– The SPD
key is disabled for this model
aircraft.
The SPD Key on GMC 710 has no function in this aircraft
model.
STEEP TURN – Steep turn
ahead.
A steep turn is 15 seconds ahead. Prepare to turn.
STRMSCP FAIL– Stormscope
has failed.
Stormscope has failed. The G1000 system should be serviced.
SVT DISABLED– Out of
available terrain region.
Synthetic Vision is disabled because the aircraft is not within
the boundaries of the installed terrain database.
SVT DISABLED– Terrain DB
resolution too low.
Synthetic Vision is disabled because a terrain database of
sufficient resolution (9 arc-second or better) is not currently
installed.
SW MISMATCH– GDU software The MFD and PFDs have different software versions installed.
version mismatch. Xtalk is off.
The G1000 system should be serviced.
TERRAIN AUD CFG – Trn
Awareness audio config error.
Service req’d.
Terrain audio alerts are not configured properly. The system
should be serviced
TERRAIN DISABLED– Terrain
TAWS is disabled because a terrain database of sufficient
Awareness DB resolution too low. resolution (9 arc-second or better) is not currently installed.
TIMER EXPIRD– Timer has
expired.
The system notifies the pilot that the timer has expired.
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
SCHEDULER [#]– <message>.
AFCS
Message
GPS Nav
Flight
Instruments
Annunciations & Alerts
134
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Annunciations & Alerts
Comments
The G1000 is no longer receiving data from the traffic system.
The traffic device should be serviced.
TRN AUD FAIL – Trn Awareness
audio source unavailable.
The audio source for terrain awareness is offline. Check GIA1
or GIA 2.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
TRUE APR – True north
Displayed after passing the first waypoint of a true north
approach. Change HDG reference approach when the nav angle is set to ‘AUTO’.
to TRUE.
EIS
TRAFFIC FAIL– Traffic device
has failed.
Flight
Instruments
Message
VNV– Unavailable: Excessive
crosstrack error.
The current crosstrack exceeds the limit, causing vertical
deviation to go invalid.
VNV– Unavailable: Excessive
track angle error.
The current track angle error exceeds the limit, causing the
vertical deviation to go invalid.
VNV– Unavailable: Parallel
course selected.
A parallel course has been selected, causing the vertical
deviation to go invalid.
GPS Nav
The current vertical waypoint can not be reached within the
maximum flight path angle and vertical speed constraints. The
system automatically transitions to the next vertical waypoint.
AFCS
UNABLE V WPT – Can’t reach
current vertical waypoint.
Flight
Planning
Procedures
Hazard
Avoidance
VNV– Unavailable: Unsupported The lateral flight plan contains a procedure turn, vector,
leg type in flight plan.
or other unsupported leg type prior to the active vertical
waypoint. This prevents vertical guidance to the active vertical
waypoint.
WPT ARRIVAL – Arriving at
waypoint -[xxxx]
Arriving at waypoint [xxxx], where [xxxx] is the waypoint name.
Additional
Features
WX ALERT – Possible severe
weather ahead.
The GWX 68 indicates severe weather within ±10 degrees of
the aircraft heading at a range of 80 to 320 nm.
Abnormal
Operation
XPDR1 ADS-B FAIL – XPDR1
unable to transmit ADS-B
messages.
ADS-B is inoperative. The transponder may not be receiving
a valid GPS position. Other transponder functions may be
available. Service when possible.
Annun/
Alerts
190-01888-00 Rev. B
There is no communication with the #1 transponder.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
Index
XPDR1 FAIL– XPDR1 is
inoperative.
Appendix
XPDR1 CONFIG– XPDR1 config The transponder configuration settings do not match those of
error. Config service req’d.
backup configuration memory. The G1000 system should be
serviced.
135
Message
Comments
XPDR1 SERVICE– XPDR1 needs The #1 transponder should be serviced when possible.
service. Return unit for repair.
XPDR2 ADS-B FAIL – XPDR2
unable to transmit ADS-B
messages.
ADS-B is inoperative. The transponder may not be receiving
a valid GPS position. Other transponder functions may be
available. Service when possible.
XPDR2 CONFIG– XPDR2 config The transponder configuration settings do not match those of
error. Config service req’d.
backup configuration memory. The G1000 system should be
serviced.
XPDR2 FAIL– XPDR2 is
inoperative.
There is no communication with the #2 transponder.
XPDR2 SERVICE– XPDR2 needs The #2 transponder should be serviced when possible.
service. Return unit for repair.
XTALK ERROR– A flight display
crosstalk error has occurred.
The MFD and PFDs are not communicating with each other.
The G1000 system should be serviced.
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Annunciations & Alerts
136
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Appendix
Flight
Instruments
APPENDIX
PFD SOFTKEY MAP
EIS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
AFCS
GPS Nav
Top Level PFD Softkeys
Flight
Planning
ADF/DME
(optional) (optional)
STRMSCP
PRECIP
or
(optional)
METAR
Select the BACK or OFF Softkey
to return to the top-level softkeys.
TRFC-2
Additional
Features
Inset Map Softkeys
Selects desired amount of map detail; cycles
through declutter levels:
DCLTR (No Declutter): All map features
visible
DCLTR-1: Declutters land data
DCLTR-2: Declutters land and SUA data
DCLTR-3: Removes everything except the
active flight plan
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
137
Index
DCLTR (3)
Appendix
Removes Inset Map
Annun/
Alerts
OFF
Abnormal
Operation
Displays Inset Map in PFD lower left corner
INSET
Hazard
Avoidance
TRFC-1
DL LTNG
or
Procedures
WX LGND
Appendix
Flight
Instruments
WX LGND
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
TRAFFIC
TOPO
AFCS
TERRAIN
GPS Nav
STRMSCP
Flight
Planning
NEXRAD
Procedures
or
PRECIP
Hazard
Avoidance
XM LTNG
Displays icon and age on the Inset Map for the
selected weather products (optional)
Cycles through traffic display options:
TRFC-1: Traffic displayed on inset map
TRFC-2: Traffic Map Page is displayed in
the inset map window
Displays topographical data (e.g., coastlines, terrain, rivers, lakes) and elevation
scale on Inset Map
Displays terrain information on Inset Map
Select to display the Stormscope lightning
data on the Inset Map (within a 200 nm
radius of the aircraft)
Displays XM NEXRAD weather and coverage on
Inset Map (optional)
or
Displays Worldwide Weather precipitation on
Inset Map (optional)
Displays SiriusXM lightning information on
Inset Map (optional feature)
or
Displays Worldwide Weather lightning
information on Inset Map (optional)
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
DL LTNG
Annun/
Alerts
ADC1
ADC2
AHRS1
AHRS2
BACK
MSG
Appendix
Select the BACK Softkey to
return to the top level softkeys.
Index
Sensor Softkeys
138
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Appendix
AHRS1
Selects the #1 AHRS
AHRS2
Selects the #2 AHRS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Selects the #2 Air Data Computer
EIS
ADC2
Flight
Instruments
ADC1
Displays softkeys for selecting the #1 and
#2 AHRS and Air Data Computers
Selects the #1 Air Data Computer
SENSOR
(optional)
ADF/DME
AFCS
SYN VIS
ALT UNIT
HSI FMT
GPS
GPS
ADF
ADF
METERS
BACK
ARC HSI
IN
Procedures
360 HSI
Select the BACK Softkey
to return to the top-level softkeys
Flight
Planning
NAV2
GPS Nav
NAV1
HPA
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
PATHWAY
SYN TERR HRZN HDG APTSIGNS
PFD
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
139
Index
PATHWAY
Appendix
SYN VIS
Displays second-level softkeys for
additional PFD configurations
Resets PFD to default settings, including
changing units to standard
Displays the softkeys for enabling or
disabling Synthetic Vision features
Displays rectangular boxes representing
the horizontal and vertical flight path of
the active flight plan
Annun/
Alerts
DFLTS
Abnormal
Operation
PFD Configuration Softkeys
Appendix
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
SYN TERR
GPS Nav
AFCS
WIND
HRZN HDG Displays compass heading along the
Zero-Pitch line
APTSIGNS Displays position markers for airports
within approximately 15 nm of the
current aircraft position. Airport
identifiers are displayed when the
airport is within approximately 9 nm.
Displays softkeys to select wind data
parameters
Wind direction arrows with headwind
OPTN 1
and crosswind components
Wind direction arrow and speed
OPTN 2
Flight
Planning
OPTN 3
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
OFF
Select to display the DME information
window
BRG1
Cycles the Bearing 1 Information
Window through NAV1 or GPS/
waypoint identifier and GPS-derived
distance information.
Displays the HSI formatting softkeys
Displays the HSI in a 360 degree format
Displays the HSI in an arc format
Cycles the Bearing 2 Information
Window through NAV2 or GPS/
waypoint identifier and GPS-derived
distance information.
360 HSI
ARC HSI
Abnormal
Operation
Wind direction arrow with direction and
speed
Information not displayed
DME
HSI FRMT
BRG2
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Enables synthetic terrain depiction
140
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Appendix
IN
Select to display the BARO setting as
inches of mercury
HPA
Select to display the BARO setting as
hectopacals
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
When enabled, displays altimeter in
meters
EIS
Sets barometric pressure to 29.92 in Hg
(1013 hPa)
AFCS
STD BARO
METERS
Flight
Instruments
Displays softkeys for setting the altimeter
and BARO settings to metric units
ALT UNIT
GPS Nav
Flight
Planning
MSG
Hazard
Avoidance
Select the BACK Softkey to return
to the top-level softkeys.
Procedures
ADS-B TX
MSG
ALT
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
141
Index
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Appendix
ON
Displays transponder mode selection
softkeys
Selects Standby Mode (transponder does
not reply to any interrogations)
Selects Mode A (transponder replies to
interrogations)
Selects Mode C – Altitude Reporting Mode
(transponder replies to identification and
altitude interrogations)
Annun/
Alerts
STBY
Select the BACK Softkey to return
to the top-level softkeys.
Abnormal
Operation
XPDR
Additional
Features
Transponder Softkeys
Appendix
0—7
Manually selects Ground Mode, the
transponder does not allow Mode A
and Mode C replies, but it does permit
acquisition squitter and replies to discretely
addressed Mode S interrogations.
Automatically enters the VFR code (1200 in
the U.S.A. only)
Displays transponder code selection
softkeys 0-7
Use numbers to enter code
BKSP
Removes numbers entered, one at a time
EIS
Flight
Instruments
GND
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
VFR
AFCS
CODE
ADS-B TX
IDENT
TMR/
REF
NRST
MSG
Activates the Special Position Identification
(SPI) pulse for 18 seconds, identifying the
transponder return on the ATC screen
Activates/deactivates transmission of the
aircraft’s three-dimensional position and
aircraft heading for reception by ADS-B
systems.
Activates the Special Position Identification
(SPI) pulse for 18 seconds, identifying the
transponder return on the ATC screen
Displays Timer/References Window
Displays Nearest Airports Window
Displays Messages Window
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
IDENT
142
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Appendix
DCLTR
MAP
(optional)
SHW CHRT CHKLIST
EIS
DCLTR
Flight
Instruments
MFD SOFTKEY MAP
DCLTR-1
DCLTR-3
(optional) (optional)
(optional)
TRAFFIC
TOPO
TERRAIN
PRECIP
or
AIRWAYS STRMSCP NEXRAD
DL LTNG
or
XM LTNG
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
DCLTR-2
(optional) (optional)
METAR
LEGEND
BACK
GPS Nav
AIRWY LO
AIRWY HI
EXIT
EMERGCY
The DONE Softkey label changes to UNDO
when the checklist item is already checked.
Procedures
MFD Softkeys
TOPO
Displays topographical data (e.g., coastlines,
terrain, rivers, lakes) and elevation scale on
Navigation Map
Displays terrain information on Navigation Map
AIRWAYS
143
Index
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
Appendix
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Annun/
Alerts
STRMSCP
Displays airways on the map; cycles through the
following:
AIRWAYS: No airways are displayed
AIRWY ON: All airways are displayed
AIRWY LO: Only low altitude airways are
displayed
AIRWY HI: Only high altitude airways are
displayed
Displays Stormscope weather and coverage
information on Navigation Map (optional
feature)
Abnormal
Operation
Displays traffic information on Navigation Map
Additional
Features
TRAFFIC
Hazard
Avoidance
Enables second-level Navigation Map softkeys
TERRAIN
Flight
Planning
DONE
MAP
AFCS
Press the BACK softkey to
return to the top-level softkeys.
AIRWY ON
Appendix
EIS
Flight
Instruments
NEXRAD-C/
NEXRAD-B
or
PRECIP
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
XM LTNG
or
GPS Nav
AFCS
DL LTNG
METAR
BACK
DCLTR (3)
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
LEGEND
SHW CHRT
CHKLIST
Displays Worldwide Weather lightning information
on Inset Map (optional)
Displays METAR flags on airport symbols shown
on the Navigation Map (optional)
Displays the legend for the selected weather
products. Available only when NEXRAD, XM
LTNG, and/or METAR softkeys are selected.
Returns to top-level softkeys
Selects desired amount of map detail; cycles
through declutter levels:
DCLTR (No Declutter): All map features
visible
DCLTR-1: Declutters land data
DCLTR-2: Declutters land and SUA data
DCLTR-3: Removes everything except the
active flight plan
When available, displays optional airport and
terminal procedure charts
When available, displays optional checklists
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Displays XM NEXRAD-C (composite) or NEXRAD-B
(base) weather and coverage on Inset Map (optional)
or
Displays Worldwide Weather precipitation on Inset
Map (optional)
Displays SiriusXM lightning information on
Inset Map (optional feature)
144
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Appendix
Procedures
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
Abnormal
Operation
Annun/
Alerts
Appendix
Index
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
Flight
Planning
Error Message
Description
Canceled
Database synchronization has been canceled by removing the
bottom SD card in display being updated
Card Full
SD card does not contain sufficient memory
Err
Displayed for all other errors that may cause the synchronization
process to be halted
Timeout
System timed-out prior to the database transfer completing
190-01888-00 Rev. B
GPS Nav
In some cases it may be necessary to obtain an unlock code from Garmin in order
to make the database product functional. It may also be necessary to have the system
configured by a Garmin authorized service facility in order to use some database
features.
If an error occurs during synchronization, an error message will be displayed,
followed by the affected display in the Sync Status section of the Database Window. If
synchronization completes on one display, but an error occurs on another, the error
message will be displayed with the affected displays listed after it. When an error
message is displayed, the problem must be corrected before synchronization can be
completed. A power cycle is required to restart synchronization when ‘Card Full’ or
‘Err’ is shown.
AFCS
NOTE: When loading database updates, the ‘DB Mismatch’ message will
be displayed until database synchronization is complete, followed by turning
system power off, then on. Synchronization can be monitored on the AUXSYSTEM STATUS Page.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
CAUTION: Never disconnect power to the system when loading a database.
Power interruption during the database loading process could result in maintenance being required to reboot the system.
EIS
Database information is obtained from third party sources. Inaccuracies in the data
may be discovered from time to time. Garmin communicates this information by issuing a Database Alert. These notifications are available on http://fly.garmin.com.
Garmin requests the flight crew report any observed discrepancies related to
database information. These discrepancies could come in the form of an incorrect
procedure; incorrectly identified terrain, obstacles and fixes; or any other displayed
item used for navigation or communication in the air or on the ground. Go to http://
fly.garmin.com and select “Aviation Data Error Report”.
Flight
Instruments
LOADING UPDATED DATABASES
145
Updating Basemap, SafeTaxi, Obstacle, and Airport Directory
Databases
These databases may be copied to one Supplemental Data Card, then automatically
synchronized to other card in the system:
1)
With system power OFF, remove the MFD database card from the bottom
card slot of the MFD.
2)
Update the basemap, SafeTaxi, airport terrain, obstacle and/or airport
directory databases on the MFD card.
3)
Insert the MFD database card into the bottom card slot of the MFD.
4)
Apply power to the system, check that the databases are initialized and
displayed on the power-up screen. If a ‘Verifying’ message is seen, wait for
the system to finish loading before proceeding to step 5.
5)
Acknowledge the Power-up Page agreement by pressing the ENT Key or
the right most softkey.
6)
Turn the large FMS Knob to select the AUX Page group on the MFD.
7)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the System Status Page.
8)
Monitor the Sync Status in the Database Window. Wait for all databases to
complete synching, indicated by ‘Complete’ being displayed.
9)
Remove and reapply power to the system.
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Appendix
10) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the AUX Page group on the MFD.
Additional
Features
11) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the System Status Page.
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
12) Press the Display Database Selection Softkey to show database information
for each display (MFD1 DB or PFD1 DB). Verify the correct database cycle
information is shown for each database for each display.
146
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Appendix
With system power OFF, remove the Supplemental Data Card from the
bottom card slot of the MFD and PFD.
2)
Update the terrain, airport terrain and/or FliteCharts or ChartView
databases on the appropriate Supplemental Data Cards.
3)
Insert the updated Supplemental Data Cards into the bottom card slot of
the MFD and PFD.
4)
Apply power to the system, check that the databases are initialized and
displayed on the power-up screen. A ‘Verifying’ message may be seen.
If this message is present, wait for the system to finish loading before
proceeding to step 5.
5)
Acknowledge the Power-up Page agreement by pressing the ENT Key or
the right most softkey.
6)
Turn the large FMS Knob to select the AUX Page group on the MFD.
7)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the System Status Page.
8)
Press the Display Database Selection Softkey to show database information
for each display (MFD1 DB or PFD1 DB). Verify the correct database cycle
information is shown for each database for each display.
9)
Remove power from the system.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
1)
AFCS
GPS Nav
Flight
Planning
Procedures
Additional
Features
Index
147
Appendix
NOTE: After the navigation database is loaded or copied, the top SD card
may be removed.
Annun/
Alerts
NOTE: Loading the Jeppesen Navigation Database as the active database
prior to its effective date will result in the expiration date on the power-up
screen and the effective date on the AUX-System Status Page being displayed
in yellow.
Abnormal
Operation
The Jeppesen Navigation Database that is loaded to internal memory as the active
database will be used by the system.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
Hazard
Avoidance
Loading the Jeppesen Navigation Database as the Active Navigation
Database
190-01888-00 Rev. B
EIS
The Terrain, and Airport Terrain databases must be copied to both Supplemental
Data Cards. The FliteCharts or ChartView databases should be copied to the MFD
Supplemental Data Card only:
Flight
Instruments
Updating Terrain, Airport Terrain, FliteCharts, and ChartView Databases
1)
With the system OFF, insert the SD card containing the new navigation database
version into the top card slot of the display (PFD1, PFD2 or MFD) to be updated
(label of SD card facing left).
2)
Turn the system ON. A prompt is displayed in the upper left corner of the
display:
3)
4)
Press the NO Softkey to proceed to loading the active database.
A prompt similar to the following is displayed. Press the YES Softkey to update
the active navigation database.
5)
After the update completes, the display starts in normal mode.
6)
Turn the system OFF and remove the SD card from the top card slot.
7)
Repeat steps 1 through 6 for the other displays (PFD1, PFD2 or MFD).
8)
Apply power to the system and press the ENT Key to acknowledge the startup
screen.
9)
Turn the large FMS Knob to select the AUX Page group on the MFD.
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Appendix
10) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the System Status Page.
Index
Appendix
11) Press the Display Database Selection Softkey to show active navigation
database information for each display (MFD1 DB, PFD1 DB, PFD2 DB). Verify
the correct active navigation database cycle information is shown for each
display.
148
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Index
EIS
The purpose of the Standby Navigation Database is to allow the loading of the
next cycle of the Jeppesen Navigation Database to the bottom SD card, prior to its
effective date. (The Jeppesen Navigation Database is available from Jeppesen seven
days prior to its effective date.)
Flight
Instruments
Loading the Jeppesen Navigation Database as the Standby Navigation
Database
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
NOTE: After the navigation database is loaded or copied, the top SD card
may be removed.
AFCS
With the system OFF, insert the SD card containing the new navigation
database version into the top card slot of the MFD.
2)
Verify that an SD card is inserted in the bottom slot of each PFD and the
MFD.
3)
Turn the system ON. A prompt is displayed.
4)
Press the YES Softkey. The navigation database is copied to the SD card in
the bottom card slot of the MFD.
5)
After the navigation database files are copied to the bottom SD card, press
any key to verify, as instructed.
After database verification is complete, press any key to continue as
instructed on the display.
GPS Nav
1)
Flight
Planning
Procedures
Hazard
Avoidance
9)
Turn the large FMS Knob to select the AUX Page group on the MFD.
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
Index
Press the ENT Key to acknowledge the startup screen.
Appendix
8)
Annun/
Alerts
Press the NO Softkey. The display now starts in normal mode. Since the
database effective date is not yet valid, it should not be loaded as the
active database. The display now starts in normal mode. Do not remove
power while the display is starting.
Abnormal
Operation
7)
Additional
Features
6)
149
Index
Flight
Instruments
10) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the System Status Page.
EIS
11) The new database is copied to the SD card in the bottom card slot of each
PFD. Progress can be monitored in the SYNC STATUS field. When copying
is finished, ‘Complete’ is displayed.
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
NOTE: During the synchronization process, version differences between
standby navigation databases will exist. This will result in the system
displaying a ‘DB Mismatch’ alert for the standby navigation databases. This
alert will remain until the next power cycle.
12) Turn system power OFF.
13) Remove the SD card from the top card slot of the MFD.
GPS Nav
14) Turn system power ON.
15) Press the ENT Key to acknowledge the startup screen.
Flight
Planning
16) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the AUX Page group on the MFD.
17) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the System Status Page.
Magnetic Field Variation Database Update
At startup, the system compares this version of the MV DB with that presently being
used by each AHRS (GRS1 and GRS2). If the system determines the MV DB needs
to be updated, a prompt is displayed on the Navigation Map Page, as shown in the
following figure. Note, in the following example, GRS1 is the first AHRS to indicate
an update is available. In actuality, this is dependent on which AHRS is the first to
report status to the system. GRS2 may be displayed before GRS1. The order is not
important, only that both AHRS be updated.
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
18) Press the Display Database Selection Softkey to show standby navigation
database information for each display (MFD1 DB, PFD1 DB, PFD2 DB).
Verify the correct standby navigation database cycle information is shown
for each display.
GRS1 Magnetic Field Variation Database Update Prompt
150
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Index
Flight
Instruments
Loading the magnetic field variation database update:
1) With ‘OK’ highlighted, as shown in the previous figure, press the ENT Key
on the MFD. A progress monitor is displayed as shown in the following
figure.
EIS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
AFCS
GPS Nav
Uploading Database to GRS1
When the upload is complete, the prompt for the next GRS upload is
displayed, as seen in the following figure.
Flight
Planning
2)
Procedures
Hazard
Avoidance
GRS2 Magnetic Field Variation Database Update Prompt
Abnormal
Operation
With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key on the MFD. A progress monitor
is displayed as shown in the following figure. When the upload is complete,
the system is ready for use.
Additional
Features
3)
Annun/
Alerts
Appendix
Index
Uploading Database to GRS2
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
151
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Index
Blank Page
152
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Index
C
Access Code 50
Activate a flight plan 20
Active Channel 83
Active database 148
Active Navigation Database 147
AC-U-KWIK 76
ADF 7, 8
ADS-B 142
Advisory alerts 114
Aircraft alerts 107
Air Data Computer 110
Airport Directory 76
Airport Signs 73, 74
Airways 143
Altimeter setting 1, 102
Antenna stabilization 71
Antenna tilt 69
AOPA 76
AOPA’s Airport Directory 76
AP 110
Attitude & Heading Reference System
110
Audio panel controls
NAV1, NAV2 8
Automatic Descent Mode RR-1, 98, 99,
100
CDI 1, 2, 8
Cell 45, 46
Cell mode 46
Channel Presets 84
ChartView 74, 75
CLD TOP Softkey 58
Clearance player 9
Clearance recorder 9
Code selection softkeys 8
COM 8, 9, 101
B
F
Barometric Altitude Minimums 3
Barometric pressure 141
Battery
Overheat warning 107
Bearing line 69, 70
Blue-Select Mode 13
FD 110
Flap position
Asymmetrical deflection warning 107
Flight Director 15
Flight path marker 73
FliteCharts® 74, 75
Frequency Transfer 8
Fuel
Alerts 108–109
EIS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
AFCS
D
GPS Nav
DB Mismatch 145, 150
DCLTR Softkey 74
Dead Reckoning 103
Declutter 102, 137, 144
Designated altitudes 21, 22
Direct-to 19
DME 7, 8
DR mode 103, 104
Flight
Planning
Procedures
Hazard
Avoidance
E
Edit a flight plan 36
Electronic Stability 81
Enable Terrain 66
ESP 81, 82
Abnormal
Operation
Appendix
Index
Index-1
Annun/
Alerts
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
Additional
Features
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Flight
Instruments
A
Flight
Instruments
Index
G
Mode S 142
Mode selection softkeys 7, 8
Multi Function Display (MFD)
Softkeys 143
Gain 70
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
H
Horizon heading 73
Horizontal scan 69
Hypoxia 98, 99
Hypoxia Alert 108
Hypoxia Detection 98
I
Inhibit 65, 67
Inhibit TAWS 67
Inhibit Terrain 65, 66
Inset Map 137, 138, 144
Intercom isolation 9
IOI 111, 112, 113
Iridium 89, 90
Iridium satellite network 86, 91
J
Jeppesen 75
L
Level Mode 81
Lightning 45, 46, 138
M
Magnetic Field Variation Database 150
Map panning 48
Message advisories 117
MET 110
METAR 47, 144
Minimums 115
MISCOMP 109
Mistrim 111
MKR/MUTE 9
Index-2
N
NAV 8
NAV1 2, 8
NAV2 2, 8
Navigation database 21, 22, 116
NEXRAD 47, 138, 143, 144
NEXRAD Softkey 57
O
OBS 2
Oil, engine
Alerts 107
Overspeed Protection 16
Oxygen warning 107, 108
P
Pathways 73, 74
PIREP 60
PIT 109
Predefined message 93, 94, 95
Profile View 47
R
Register 50
Reversionary Mode
EICAS 5
Reversionary mode 101
ROC 111, 112, 113
S
SafeTaxi® 74
SBAS 16, 40, 66, 67, 103
Scheduler 77
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Index
Underspeed Protection 107
V
EIS
Vertical speed guidance 22
Vertical track 115
VNV 19, 102
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
W
Flight
Planning
Procedures
TA 115
TAF 47, 59
TAS 63, 115
TAWS 66, 67, 68, 113
TAWS-B 66
Telephone 13, 85, 86, 87
Terrain 64, 65, 66, 113, 138, 143
Terrain-SVS 65, 66
Text message 91, 92, 93, 95
Text messaging 91
Tilt line 69
Timer 2
Topographical data 138, 143
Traffic 45, 62, 143
Traffic advisory 62
Traffic Advisory (TA) 115
Traffic map page 62, 63, 64
Transponder 7, 8, 141, 142
GPS Nav
WATCH® 71
Waypoint Selection Submenu 30
Weather Attenuated Color Highlight 71
Weather data link page 47
Weather radar 68
Wind data 140
Winds Aloft 60
AFCS
T
U
Flight
Instruments
Sector scan 70
Sensor 110
SiriusXM lightning 138, 144
SiriusXM Satellite Radio 83
SiriusXM weather 47
STAB 71
Standby 68
Standby Navigation Database 149
Store Flight Plan 36
Stormscope lightning data 45, 46, 138
Strike 45
Strike mode 46
SVT 73
Synchronization 145
SYNC Status 150
Synthetic Vision System 73
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
Abnormal
Operation
Annun/
Alerts
Appendix
Index
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
Index-3
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Index
Blank Page
Index-4
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Mirage
190-01888-00 Rev. B
Garmin International, Inc.
1200 East 151st Street
Olathe, KS 66062, U.S.A.
p: 913.397.8200 f: 913.397.8282
Garmin AT, Inc.
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Garmin Corporation
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www.garmin.com
© 2015 Garmin Ltd. or its subsidiaries
190-01888-00 Rev. B
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