Garmin | G1000: Piper PA-46 M500 Meridian | Garmin G1000: Piper PA-46 M500 Meridian G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian

Garmin G1000: Piper PA-46 M500 Meridian G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
G1000
®
Integrated Flight Deck
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS
EICAS
NAV/COM/TRANSPONDER/AUDIO PANEL
AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
GPS NAVIGATION
FLIGHT PLANNING
PROCEDURES
HAZARD AVOIDANCE
ADDITIONAL FEATURES
ABNORMAL OPERATION
ANNUNCIATIONS & ALERTS
APPENDIX
INDEX
Copyright © 2014, 2017 Garmin Ltd. or its subsidiaries. All rights reserved.
This manual reflects the operation of System Software version 2163.09 or later for the Piper PA46-Meridian. Some differences in operation may be observed when comparing the information
in this manual to earlier or later software versions.
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Garmin AT, Inc.
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Salem, OR 97302, U.S.A.
Garmin Corporation
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Xizhi District, New Taipei City, Taiwan
Contact Garmin Product Support at www.flygarmin.com.
For warranty information refer to www.flygarmin.com.
Except as expressly provided herein, no part of this manual may be reproduced, copied,
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without the express written permission of Garmin. Garmin hereby grants permission to
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notice and provided further that any unauthorized commercial distribution of this manual or any
revision hereto is strictly prohibited.
Garmin® and G1000® are registered trademarks of Garmin Ltd. or its subsidiaries. WATCH®,
FliteCharts®, and SafeTaxi® are trademarks of Garmin Ltd. or its subsidiaries. These trademarks
may not be used without the express permission of Garmin.
NavData® is a registered trademark of Jeppesen, Inc.; Stormscope® is a registered trademark
of L-3 Communications; Honeywell® and Bendix/King® are registered trademarks of
Honeywell International, Inc.
SiriusXM Weather and SiriusXM Satellite Radio are provided by SiriusXM Satellite Radio, Inc.
AOPA Membership Publications, Inc. and its related organizations (hereinafter collectively
“AOPA”) expressly disclaim all warranties, with respect to the AOPA information included in this
data, express or implied, including, but not limited to, the implied warranties of merchantability
and fitness for a particular purpose. The information is provided “as is” and AOPA does not
warrant or make any representations regarding its accuracy, reliability, or otherwise. Under
no circumstances including negligence, shall AOPA be liable for any incidental, special or
consequential damages that result from the use or inability to use the software or related
documentation, even if AOPA or an AOPA authorized representative has been advised of the
possibility of such damages. User agrees not to sue AOPA and, to the maximum extent allowed
by law, to release and hold harmless AOPA from any causes of action, claims or losses related
to any actual or alleged inaccuracies in the information. Some jurisdictions do not allow the
limitation or exclusion of implied warranties or liability for incidental or consequential damages
so the above limitations or exclusions may not apply to you.
AC-U-KWIK and its related organizations (hereafter collectively “AC-U-KWIK Organizations”)
expressly disclaim all warranties with respect to the AC-U-KWIK information included
in this data, express or implied, including, but not limited to, the implied warranties of
merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose. The information is provided “as is” and
AC-U-KWIK Organizations do not warrant or make any representations regarding its accuracy,
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maximum extent allowed by law, to release and hold harmless AC-U-KWIK Organizations
from any cause of action, claims or losses related to any actual or alleged inaccuracies in the
information arising out of Garmin’s use of the information in the datasets. Some jurisdictions
do not allow the limitation or exclusion of implied warranties or liability for incidental or
consequential damages so the above limitations or exclusions may not apply to licensee.
Printed in the U.S.A.
Warnings, Cautions & Notes
WARNING: Do not use terrain avoidance displays as the sole source of information for maintaining separation from terrain and obstacles. Garmin obtains
terrain and obstacle data from third party sources and cannot independently
verify the accuracy of the information.
WARNING: Always refer to current aeronautical charts and NOTAMs for
verification of displayed aeronautical information. Displayed aeronautical
data may not incorporate the latest NOTAM information.
WARNING: Do not use geometric altitude for compliance with air traffic
control altitude requirements. The primary barometric altimeter must be used
for compliance with all air traffic control altitude regulations, requirements,
instructions, and clearances.
WARNING: Do not use basemap information (land and water data) as the
sole means of navigation. Basemap data is intended only to supplement other
approved navigation data sources and should be considered only an aid to
enhance situational awareness.
WARNING: Do not rely solely upon the display of traffic information to
accurately depict all of the traffic within range of the aircraft. Due to lack
of equipment, poor signal reception, and/or inaccurate information from
aircraft or ground stations, traffic may be present that is not represented on
the display.
WARNING: Do not use data link weather information for maneuvering in,
near, or around areas of hazardous weather. Information contained within
data link weather products may not accurately depict current weather conditions.
WARNING: Do not use the indicated data link weather product age to determine the age of the weather information shown by the data link weather
product. Due to time delays inherent in gathering and processing weather
data for data link transmission, the weather information shown by the data
link weather product may be older than the indicated weather product age.
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
Warnings, Cautions & Notes
WARNING: The displayed minimum safe altitude (MSAs) are only advisory
in nature and should not be relied upon as the sole source of obstacle and
terrain avoidance information. Always refer to current aeronautical charts for
appropriate minimum clearance altitudes.
WARNING: Always obtain qualified instruction prior to operational use of
this equipment.
WARNING: Do not use GPS to navigate to any active waypoint identified as
a ‘NON WGS84 WPT’ by a system message. ‘NON WGS84 WPT’ waypoints
are derived from an unknown map reference datum that may be incompatible
with the map reference datum used by GPS (known as WGS84) and may be
positioned in error as displayed.
WARNING: When using the autopilot to fly an approach with vertical guidance, the autopilot will not level the aircraft at the MDA/DH even if the MDA/
DH is set in the altitude preselect.
WARNING: Do not rely solely upon the display of traffic information for collision avoidance maneuvering. The traffic display does not provide collision
avoidance resolution advisories and does not under any circumstances or
conditions relieve the pilot’s responsibility to see and avoid other aircraft.
WARNING: Because of variation in the earth’s magnetic field, do not rely on
the accuracy of attitude and heading indications in the following geographic
areas: North of 72° North latitude at all longitudes; South of 70° South
latitude at all longitudes; North of 65° North latitude between longitude
75° W and 120° W. (Northern Canada); North of 70° North latitude between
longitude 70° W and 128° W. (Northern Canada); North of 70° North latitude
between longitude 85° E and 114° E. (Northern Russia); South of 55° South
latitude between longitude 120° E and 165° E. (Region south of Australia
and New Zealand).
WARNING: Do not rely on information from a lightning detection system
display as the sole basis for hazardous weather avoidance. Range limitations
and interference may cause the system to display inaccurate or incomplete
information. Refer to documentation from the lightning detection system
manufacturer for detailed information about the system.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Warnings, Cautions & Notes
WARNING: Use appropriate primary systems for navigation, and for terrain,
obstacle, and traffic avoidance. Garmin SVT is intended as an aid to situational awareness only and may not provide either the accuracy or reliability
upon which to solely base decisions and/or plan maneuvers to avoid terrain,
obstacles, or traffic.
WARNING: Intruder aircraft at or below 500 ft. AGL may not appear on the
Garmin SVT display or may appear as a partial symbol.
WARNING: Do not use the Garmin SVT runway depiction as the sole means
for determining the proximity of the aircraft to the runway or for maintaining
the proper approach path angle during landing.
WARNING: Do not operate the weather radar in a transmitting mode when
personnel or objects are within the MPEL boundary.
WARNING: Always position the weather radar gain setting to Calibrated for
viewing the actual intensity of precipitation. Changing the gain in weather
mode causes precipitation intensity to be displayed as a color not representative of the true intensity.
WARNING: Do not use TAWS information for primary terrain or obstacle
avoidance. TAWS is intended only to enhance situational awareness.
WARNING: Do not use a QFE altimeter setting with this system. System
functions will not operate properly with a QFE altimeter setting. Use only
a QNH altimeter setting for height above mean sea level, or the standard
pressure setting, as applicable.
CAUTION: Do not clean display surfaces with abrasive cloths or cleaners
containing ammonia. They will harm the anti-reflective coating.
CAUTION: Repairs should only be made by an authorized Garmin service
center. Unauthorized repairs or modifications could void both the warranty
and affect the airworthiness of the aircraft.
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
Warnings, Cautions & Notes
NOTE: Do not rely solely upon data link services to provide Temporary Flight
Restriction (TFR) information. Always confirm TFR information through official
sources such as Flight Service Stations or Air Traffic Control.
NOTE All visual depictions contained within this document, including screen
images of the system panel and displays, are subject to change and may not
reflect the most current system and aviation databases. Depictions of equipment may differ slightly from the actual equipment.
NOTE: The United States government operates the Global Positioning System
and is solely responsible for its accuracy and maintenance. The GPS system
is subject to changes which could affect the accuracy and performance of all
GPS equipment. Portions of the system utilize GPS as a precision electronic
NAVigation AID (NAVAID). Therefore, as with all NAVAIDs, information
presented by the system can be misused or misinterpreted and, therefore,
become unsafe.
NOTE: This device complies with part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is
subject to the following two conditions: (1) this device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired operation.
NOTE: Interference from GPS repeaters operating inside nearby hangars can
cause an intermittent loss of attitude and heading displays while the aircraft
is on the ground. Moving the aircraft more than 100 yards away from the
source of the interference should alleviate the condition.
NOTE: Use of polarized eyewear may cause the flight displays to appear dim
or blank.
NOTE: This product, its packaging, and its components contain chemicals
known to the State of California to cause cancer, birth defects, or reproductive
harm. This notice is being provided in accordance with California’s Proposition
65. If you have any questions or would like additional information, please
refer to our web site at www.garmin.com/prop65.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Warnings, Cautions & Notes
NOTE: Operating the system in the vicinity of metal buildings, metal structures, or electromagnetic fields can cause sensor differences that may result
in nuisance miscompare annunciations during start up, shut down, or while
taxiing. If one or more of the sensed values are unavailable, the annunciation
indicates no comparison is possible.
NOTE: The system responds to a terminal procedure based on data coded
within that procedure in the Navigation Database. Differences in system
operation may be observed among similar types of procedures due to differences in the Navigation Database coding specific to each procedure.
NOTE: The FAA has asked Garmin to remind pilots who fly with Garmin
database-dependent avionics of the following:
• It is the pilot’s responsibility to remain familiar with all FAA regulatory
and advisory guidance and information related to the use of databases in
the National Airspace System.
• Garmin equipment will only recognize and use databases that are
obtained from Garmin or Jeppesen. Databases obtained from Garmin
or Jeppesen are assured compliance with all data quality requirements
(DQRs) by virtue of a Type 2 Letter of Authorization (LOA) from the FAA. A
copy of the Type 2 LOA is available for each database and can be viewed
at http://fly.garmin.com by selecting ‘Type 2 LOA Status.’
• Use of a current Garmin or Jeppesen database in your Garmin equipment
is required for compliance with established FAA regulatory guidance, but
does not constitute authorization to fly any and all terminal procedures
that may be presented by the system. It is the pilot’s responsibility to
operate in accordance with established AFM(S) and regulatory guidance or
limitations as applicable to the pilot, the aircraft, and installed equipment.
NOTE: The pilot/operator must review and be familiar with Garmin’s database
exclusion list as discussed in SAIB CE-14-04 to determine what data may be
incomplete. The database exclusion list can be viewed at www.flygarmin.
com by selecting ‘Database Exclusions List.’
NOTE: The pilot/operator must have access to Garmin and Jeppesen database alerts and consider their impact on the intended aircraft operation. The
database alerts can be viewed at www.flygarmin.com by selecting ‘Aviation
Database Alerts.’
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
Warnings, Cautions & Notes
NOTE: If the pilot/operator wants or needs to adjust the database, contact
Garmin Product Support.
NOTE: Garmin requests the flight crew report any observed discrepancies
related to database information. These discrepancies could come in the form
of an incorrect procedure; incorrectly identified terrain, obstacles and fixes; or
any other displayed item used for navigation or communication in the air or
on the ground. Go to FlyGarmin.com and select ‘Aviation Data Error Report’.
NOTE: The system supports approval of AC 120-76C Hardware Class 3,
Software Type B Electronic Flight Bag (EFB) electronic aeronautical chart
applications. Possible additional requirements may make a secondary source
(traditional paper or additional electronic display) necessary onboard the
aircraft. If the secondary source is a Portable Electronic Device (PED), its use
must be consistent with guidance in AC 120-76C.
NOTE: The navigation databases used in Garmin navigation systems contain Special Procedures. Prior to flying these procedures, pilots must have
specific FAA authorization, training, and possession of the corresponding
current, and legitimately-sourced chart (approach plate, etc.). Inclusion of
the Special Procedure in the navigation database DOES NOT imply specific
FAA authorization to fly the procedure.
NOTE: Terrain and obstacle alerting is not available north of 89º North latitude
and south of 89º South latitude. This is due to limitations present within the
Terrain database and the system’s ability to process the data representing
the affected areas.
NOTE: Lamp(s) inside this product contain mercury (HG) and must be recycled
or disposed of according to local, state, or federal laws. For more information,
refer to our website at www.garmin.com/aboutGarmin/environment/disposal.
jsp
NOTE: When using Stormscope, there are several atmospheric phenomena in
addition to nearby thunderstorms that can cause isolated discharge points in
the strike display mode. However, clusters of two or more discharge points
in the strike display mode do indicate thunderstorm activity if these points
reappear after the screen has been cleared.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Warnings, Cautions & Notes
NOTE: Operate G1000 system power through at least one cycle in a period
of four days of continuous operation to avoid an autonomous system reboot.
NOTE: The purpose of this Cockpit Reference Guide is to provide the pilot a
resource with which to find operating instructions on the major features of
the system more easily. It is not intended to be a comprehensive operating
guide. Complete operating procedures for the system are found in the Pilot’s
Guide for this aircraft.
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
Warnings, Cautions & Notes
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Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Record of Revisions
Part Number
190-01842-00
Rev. A
Change Summary
Initial Production Release for GDU SW 14.04
190-01842-01
Rev. A
Production Release for GDU SW 15.23
Revision Date of Revision Affected Pages
Description
A
November, 2017
All
Added Smart Airspace
Added Visual Reporting Points
Added Electronic Checklists
Added ADS-B
Updated CAS messages
Added other GDU 15.21
parameters
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RR-1
Record of Revisions
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RR-2
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Table of Contents
Flight Instruments........................................................................................................................ 1
Selecting the Altimeter Barometric Pressure Setting....................................................... 1
Selecting Standard Barometric Pressure (29.92 in Hg)..................................................... 1
Change Altimeter Barometric Pressure Setting Units....................................................... 1
Synchronizing the Altimeter Barometric Pressure Settings............................................ 1
Synchronize CDI......................................................................................................................... 1
Change Navigation Sources.................................................................................................... 2
Enable/Disable OBS Mode While Navigating with GPS..................................................... 2
Generic Timer.............................................................................................................................. 2
Turn Individual Vspeed Bugs On or Off................................................................................. 2
Turn All Vspeed Bugs On or Off.............................................................................................. 3
Set Barometric Minimum Descent Altitude......................................................................... 3
Displaying Wind Data............................................................................................................... 3
Engine Indication & Crew Alerting System.................................................................... 5
Landing Gear Indications......................................................................................................... 6
Engine Exceedances.................................................................................................................. 6
Nav/Com/Transponder/Audio Panel.................................................................................... 7
ADF Tuning (Optional)............................................................................................................... 7
DME Tuning (Optional).............................................................................................................. 7
Selecting A Transponder Mode............................................................................................... 7
Enter a Transponder Code....................................................................................................... 8
Selecting a COM Radio............................................................................................................. 8
Selecting a NAV Radio.............................................................................................................. 8
NAV/COM Tuning........................................................................................................................ 8
Digital Clearance Recorder and Player................................................................................. 9
Intercom System (ICS) Isolation............................................................................................. 9
Telephone/Entertainment Audio.......................................................................................... 13
Automatic Flight Control System...................................................................................... 15
Flight Director Activation...................................................................................................... 15
Vertical Modes.......................................................................................................................... 16
GPS Navigation............................................................................................................................ 19
Direct-to Navigation............................................................................................................... 19
Activate a Stored Flight Plan................................................................................................ 20
Activate a Flight Plan Leg...................................................................................................... 20
Stop Navigating a Flight Plan............................................................................................... 21
Vertical Navigation (VNAV)................................................................................................... 21
Flight Planning............................................................................................................................. 23
Weight & Fuel Planning.......................................................................................................... 23
Trip Planning............................................................................................................................. 23
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
i
Table of Contents
Create a User Waypoint Defined by Latitude & Longitude............................................ 25
Create a User Waypoint Defined by Radials from Other Waypoints............................ 26
Create a User Waypoint Defined by a Radial & Distance from Another Waypoint... 28
Delete a User Waypoint.......................................................................................................... 29
Create a Flight Plan................................................................................................................. 30
Import a Flight Plan from an SD Card................................................................................. 31
Insert a Waypoint in the Active Flight Plan....................................................................... 31
Enter an Airway in a Flight Plan........................................................................................... 32
User-Defined Holding Patterns............................................................................................. 33
Invert An Active Flight Plan................................................................................................... 35
Remove a Departure, Arrival, Approach, or Airway from a Flight Plan...................... 35
Store a Flight Plan................................................................................................................... 36
Edit a Stored Flight Plan........................................................................................................ 36
Delete a Waypoint from the Flight Plan............................................................................. 36
Invert and Activate a Stored Flight Plan............................................................................ 37
Copy a Flight Plan.................................................................................................................... 37
Delete a Flight Plan................................................................................................................. 37
Graphical Flight Plan Creation.............................................................................................. 38
Export a Flight Plan to an SD Card...................................................................................... 38
Procedures...................................................................................................................................... 39
Load and Activate a Departure Procedure........................................................................ 39
Activate A Departure Leg...................................................................................................... 39
Load An Arrival Procedure..................................................................................................... 39
Activate An Arrival Leg.......................................................................................................... 40
Load and/or Activate an Approach Procedure.................................................................. 40
Activate An Approach in the Active Flight Plan................................................................ 42
Activate a Vector to Final Approach Fix............................................................................. 42
Activate A Missed Approach in the Active Flight Plan.................................................... 42
Temperature Compensated Altitude................................................................................... 42
Hazard Avoidance....................................................................................................................... 45
Customizing the Hazard Displays on the Navigation Map............................................. 45
STORMSCOPE® (Optional)..................................................................................................... 45
SiriusXM Weather (Optional)................................................................................................ 47
Connext Weather (Optional)................................................................................................. 50
Traffic Systems......................................................................................................................... 61
Terrain And Obstacle Proximity............................................................................................ 64
Terrain-SVS (Optional)............................................................................................................ 65
Terrain Awareness & Warning System (TAWS-B) Display (Optional)............................ 66
Airborne Color Weather Radar............................................................................................. 68
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190-01842-01 Rev. A
Table of Contents
Additional Features................................................................................................................... 73
Synthetic Vision........................................................................................................................ 73
Terminal Procedure Charts.................................................................................................... 74
Airport Directory..................................................................................................................... 76
Satellite Telephone and SMS Messaging........................................................................... 77
SiriusXM Satellite Radio Entertainment............................................................................. 88
Scheduler................................................................................................................................... 90
Pilot Profiles............................................................................................................................. 92
Electronic Stability Protection (ESP™)................................................................................. 94
Electronic Checklists............................................................................................................... 96
Abnormal Operation................................................................................................................. 99
Reversionary Mode................................................................................................................. 99
Abnormal COM Operation..................................................................................................... 99
Audio Panel Fail-safe Operation.......................................................................................... 99
Hazard Displays with Loss of GPS Position...................................................................... 100
Unusual Attitudes.................................................................................................................. 100
Dead Reckoning..................................................................................................................... 101
Suspected Autopilot Malfunction...................................................................................... 102
Overpowering Autopilot Servos........................................................................................ 103
Annunciations & Alerts.......................................................................................................... 105
CAS Messages......................................................................................................................... 105
Comparator Annunciations.................................................................................................. 107
Reversionary Sensor Annunciations.................................................................................. 107
AFCS Alerts.............................................................................................................................. 108
Terrain-SVS Alerts.................................................................................................................. 109
Terrain-SVS System Status Annunciations....................................................................... 110
TAWS-B Alerts......................................................................................................................... 111
Message Advisory Alerts...................................................................................................... 113
Voice Alerts............................................................................................................................. 113
Flight Plan Import/Export Messages................................................................................. 114
Pilot Profile Import/Export Messages............................................................................... 115
System Messages................................................................................................................... 115
Appendix........................................................................................................................................ 135
Softkey Function.................................................................................................................... 135
PFD Softkey Maps.................................................................................................................. 135
MFD Softkeys.......................................................................................................................... 141
Loading Updated Databases............................................................................................... 143
Index............................................................................................................................................Index-1
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Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Flight Instruments
Flight
Instruments
FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS
SELECTING THE ALTIMETER BAROMETRIC PRESSURE SETTING
EICAS
Turn the BARO Knob to select the desired setting.
Select the PFD Softkey to display the second-level softkeys.
2)
Select the STD BARO Softkey.
AFCS
1)
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
SELECTING STANDARD BAROMETRIC PRESSURE (29.92 IN HG)
CHANGE ALTIMETER BAROMETRIC PRESSURE SETTING UNITS
GPS Nav
Select the PFD Softkey to display the second-level softkeys.
2)
Select the ALT UNIT Softkey.
3)
Select the IN Softkey to display the barometric pressure setting in inches of
mercury (in Hg).
Procedures
Or:
Select the HPA Softkey to display the barometric pressure setting in
hectopascals.
Select the BACK Softkey to return to the top-level softkeys.
Hazard
Avoidance
4)
SYNCHRONIZING THE ALTIMETER BAROMETRIC PRESSURE SETTINGS
Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
3)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight BARO in the SYNCHRONIZATION
Window.
4)
Turn the small FMS Knob clockwise to ON or counterclockwise to OFF.
Annun/
Alerts
2)
Abnormal
Operation
Select the AUX-SYSTEM SETUP Page on the MFD.
Additional
Features
1)
SYNCHRONIZE CDI
2)
Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
3)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight CDI in SYNCHRONIZATION Window.
4)
Turn the small FMS Knob clockwise to ON or counterclockwise to OFF.
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
Index
Select the AUX-SYSTEM SETUP Page on the MFD.
Appendix
1)
Flight
Planning
1)
1
CHANGE NAVIGATION SOURCES
Select the CDI Softkey to change from GPS to VOR1 or LOC1. This places
the cyan tuning box over the NAV1 standby frequency in the upper left
corner of the PFD.
2)
Select the CDI Softkey again to change from VOR1 or LOC1 to VOR2 or
LOC2. This places the cyan tuning box over the NAV2 standby frequency.
3)
Select the CDI Softkey a third time to return to GPS.
Flight
Planning
1)
Select the OBS Softkey to select OBS Mode.
2)
Turn a CRS Knob to select the desired course to/from the waypoint. Press
the CRS Knob to synchronize the Selected Course with the bearing to the
next waypoint.
3)
Select the OBS Softkey again to disable OBS Mode.
GENERIC TIMER
1)
Select the TMR/REF Softkey, then turn the large FMS Knob to select the
time field (hh/mm/ss). Turn the FMS Knobs to set the desired time, then
press the ENT Key. The UP/DOWN field is now highlighted.
2)
Turn the small FMS Knob to display the UP/DOWN window. Turn the FMS
Knob to select ‘UP’ or ‘DOWN’, then press the ENT Key. ‘START?’ is now
highlighted.
3)
Press the ENT Key to START, STOP, or RESET the timer (if the timer is
counting DOWN, it will start counting UP after reaching zero). Press the
CLR Key or the TMR/REF Softkey to remove the window.
TURN INDIVIDUAL VSPEED BUGS ON OR OFF
1) Press the TMR/REF Softkey.
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the desired Vspeed.
3)
Turn the small FMS Knob clockwise to ON or counterclockwise to OFF.
4)
To remove the window, press the CLR Key or the TMR/REF Softkey.
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
1)
ENABLE/DISABLE OBS MODE WHILE NAVIGATING WITH GPS
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EICAS
Flight
Instruments
Flight Instruments
2
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Flight Instruments
2)
Press the MENU Key.
3)
Turn the FMS Knob to highlight the desired option.
4)
Press the ENT Key. Select the TMR/REF Softkey to remove the window.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Select the TMR/REF Softkey.
EICAS
1)
Flight
Instruments
TURN ALL VSPEED BUGS ON OR OFF
SET BAROMETRIC MINIMUM DESCENT ALTITUDE
Turn the small FMS Knob clockwise to select BARO or TEMP COMP.
Selecting TEMP COMP will allow the system to use an altitude
compensated for temperature.
4)
Press the ENT Key.
5)
Use the small FMS Knob to enter the desired altitude.
6)
Press the ENT Key.
7)
To remove the window, press the CLR Key or the TMR/REF Softkey.
Procedures
3)
Flight
Planning
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the OFF/BARO/TEMP COMP field to
the right of ‘MINIMUMS’.
GPS Nav
2)
AFCS
1) Press the TMR/REF Softkey.
Hazard
Avoidance
DISPLAYING WIND DATA
2)
Select the WIND Softkey to display wind data below the Selected Heading.
3)
Select one of the OPTN softkeys to change how wind data is displayed.
4)
To remove the Wind Data Window, select the OFF Softkey.
Abnormal
Operation
Select the PFD Softkey.
Additional
Features
1)
Annun/
Alerts
Appendix
Index
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
3
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EICAS
Flight
Instruments
Flight Instruments
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Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
190-01842-01 Rev. A
EICAS
10
Flight
Instruments
ENGINE INDICATION & CREW ALERTING SYSTEM
EICAS
1
1
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
2
2
11
12
4
4
GPS Nav
13
3
AFCS
3
14
5
6
6
16
10
Procedures
15
Flight
Planning
5
11
7
17
7
9
8
13
14
17
15
Abnormal
Operation
9
18
EICAS Display (Normal Mode)
EIS Display (Reversionary Mode)
1
Torque
7
Fuel Quantity
2
8
Fuel Flow
3
Interstage Turbine
Temperature
Propeller Speed
Generator and
Alternator Currents
14 Voltages
9
Fuel Temperature
15
Vacuum
4
Generator Speed
10
16
Rudder Trim
5
Oil Pressure
Cabin Pressure Altitude
and Change Rate
11 Differential Pressure
17
Flap Position
6
Oil Temperature
12
18
Landing Gear
Position
13
Appendix
Index
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
Annun/
Alerts
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Destination Elevation
Additional
Features
18
Hazard
Avoidance
16
8
5
LANDING GEAR INDICATIONS
Position
EIS
Engine Page
Up &
Locked
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EICAS
Flight
Instruments
EICAS
AFCS
In
Transition
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
Down and
Locked
ENGINE EXCEEDANCES
Scrolling through exceedances:
1)
With the AUX - Weights, Fuel, Exceedances Page displayed, press the FMS
Knob to activate the cursor.
2)
Turn the FMS Knob or press the ENT Key to place the cursor in the
exceedances box and scroll through each exceedance.
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Warning
6
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Nav/Com/XPDR/Audio Panel
Flight
Instruments
NAV/COM/TRANSPONDER/AUDIO PANEL
3)
Turn the large FMS Knob to select the next desired field.
4)
Turn the small FMS Knob to enter the desired number.
5)
Repeat steps 3 and 4 until the desired ADF frequency is entered.
6)
Press the ENT Key to accept the new frequency.
7)
Press the ENT Key again to transfer the frequency to the active field.
8)
Turn the large FMS Knob to select the MODE field.
9)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select ANT, ADF, ADF/BFO, or ANT/BFO.
Flight
Planning
Turn the small FMS Knob to enter the first digit of the desired ADF
frequency.
GPS Nav
2)
AFCS
Press the ADF/DME Softkey.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
1)
EICAS
ADF TUNING (OPTIONAL)
10) Press the ENT Key to complete the selection.
Procedures
DME TUNING (OPTIONAL)
2)
Turn the large FMS to select the DME source field.
3)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the desired Nav radio.
4)
Press the ENT Key to complete the selection.
Additional
Features
Press the ADF/DME or DME Softkey.
Hazard
Avoidance
1)
Select the XPDR Softkey to display the Transponder Mode Selection Softkeys.
2)
Select the desired softkey to activate the transponder mode.
Annun/
Alerts
1)
Abnormal
Operation
SELECTING A TRANSPONDER MODE
Appendix
Index
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
7
Select the XPDR Softkey to display the transponder mode selection
softkeys.
2)
Select the CODE Softkey to display the transponder code selection softkeys,
for digit entry.
3)
Use the digit keys to enter the code in the code field. When entering the
code, the next key in sequence must be pressed within 10 seconds, or the
entry is cancelled and restored to the previous code. Five seconds after the
fourth digit has been entered, the transponder code becomes active.
AFCS
1)
EICAS
ENTER A TRANSPONDER CODE
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Flight
Instruments
Nav/Com/XPDR/Audio Panel
SELECTING A COM RADIO
GPS Nav
Transmit/Receive
Receive Only
Press the COM1 or COM2 on the audio panel.
SELECTING A NAV RADIO
1)
To begin navigating using a navigation radio, press the CDI Softkey on the
PFD to select VOR1/LOC1 (NAV1) or VOR2/LOC2 (NAV2).
2)
Press the NAV1, NAV2, or AUX Key on the audio panel to select or
deselect the navigation radio audio source. Pressing the AUX Key selects
and deselects the ADF and DME. All radio keys can be selected individually
or together.
NAV/COM TUNING
1)
Press the small tuning knob to select the desired radio for tuning. A cyan
box highlights the radio frequency to be tuned.
2)
Turn the respective tuning knobs to enter the desired frequency into the
standby frequency field. The large knob enters MHz and the small knob
enters kHz.
3)
Press the Frequency Transfer Key to place the frequency into the active
frequency field.
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
Press the COM1 MIC or COM2 MIC, on the audio panel.
8
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Nav/Com/XPDR/Audio Panel
Flight
Instruments
DIGITAL CLEARANCE RECORDER AND PLAYER
NOTE: Only the audio for the selected COM MIC Key is recorded.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
AFCS
GPS Nav
INTERCOM SYSTEM (ICS) ISOLATION
EICAS
• Pressing the PLAY Key once plays the latest recorded memory block, then returns
to normal operation.
• Pressing the MKR/MUTE Key while playing a memory block stops play.
• Pressing the PLAY Key during play begins playing the previously recorded
memory block. Each subsequent press of the PLAY Key begins playing the next
previously recorded block.
NOTE: In the following modes the copilot position is configured as crew.
Additional
Features
Aircraft Audio
Hazard
Avoidance
In ‘All Intercom’ mode the Pilot, Copilot, and Passengers hear each other and hear
the aircraft audio.
Procedures
All Intercom Mode
Flight
Planning
NOTE: In the default ICS configuration, only the pilot and copilot positions
can hear aircraft alerts.
Abnormal
Operation
PILOT
COPLT
Annun/
Alerts
Appendix
PASS
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Index
ICS Keys
Mode Operation
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
9
Pilot Isolate Mode
In ‘Pilot Isolate’ mode the Pilot, Copilot, and Passengers hear the aircraft audio.
The Copilot and Passengers also hear each other.
Aircraft Audio
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EICAS
Flight
Instruments
Nav/Com/XPDR/Audio Panel
COPLT
GPS Nav
AFCS
PILOT
Flight
Planning
PASS
Mode Operation
Passenger/Crew Isolate Mode
In ‘Passenger/Crew Isolate’ mode the Pilot and Copilot hear the aircraft audio and
each other. The Passengers hear each other.
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
ICS Keys
Abnormal
Operation
Aircraft Audio
COPLT
PASS
Annun/
Alerts
PILOT
Mode Operation
Index
Appendix
ICS Keys
10
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Nav/Com/XPDR/Audio Panel
In ‘Copilot Isolate’ mode the Pilot and Passengers hear the aircraft audio and each
other. The Copilot has the option to use Split-COM mode.
Flight
Instruments
Copilot Isolate Mode
EICAS
Split-COM
Aircraft Audio
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
COPLT
AFCS
GPS Nav
PILOT
Flight
Planning
PASS
Procedures
ICS Keys
Mode Operation
Hazard
Avoidance
All Isolate Mode
PASS
Appendix
ICS Keys
COPLT
Annun/
Alerts
PILOT
Split-COM
Abnormal
Operation
Aircraft Audio
Additional
Features
In ‘All Isolate’ mode the Pilot hears the aircraft audio. The Copilot has the option
to use Split-COM mode. The Passengers hear each other.
Mode Operation
Index
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
11
Pilot & Copilot Isolate Mode
In ‘Pilot & Copilot Isolate’ mode the Pilot and Passengers hear the aircraft audio.
The Copilot has the option to use Split-COM mode.
Aircraft Audio
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EICAS
Flight
Instruments
Nav/Com/XPDR/Audio Panel
PILOT
COPLT
AFCS
PASS
Split-COM
Mode Operation
Pilot & Passenger Isolate Mode
In ‘Pilot & Passenger Isolate’ mode the Pilot and Copilot hear the aircraft audio.
The Passengers hear each other.
Aircraft Audio
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
ICS Keys
COPLT
ICS Keys
PASS
Mode Operation
Copilot & Passenger Isolate Mode
In ‘Copilot & Passenger Isolate’ mode the Pilot can hear the aircraft audio. The
Copilot has the option to use Split-COM mode. The Passengers hear each other.
Aircraft Audio
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
PILOT
COPLT
PASS
Index
PILOT
Split-COM
ICS Keys
12
Mode Operation
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Nav/Com/XPDR/Audio Panel
Additional
Features
Abnormal
Operation
Annun/
Alerts
Press and hold the MUS1, MUS2, or (
) Key for two seconds to switch muting
on and off. The aural message “Mute Music on Reception Enabled/Disabled” or
“Mute Tel and Jack on Reception Enabled/Disabled” is heard.
Hazard
Avoidance
Enabling/Disabling Muting
Procedures
Selecting any key other than PILOT, COPLT, PASS, MUS1, MUS2, or
will cancel Blue-Select Mode. Pressing the small knob will also cancel Blue-Select
Mode. After approximately ten seconds with no input, the Blue-Select Mode will
automatically cancel.
Flight
Planning
The annunciator over the
Key will be flashing blue. Any combination of
the annunciators over the PILOT, COPLT, and PASS buttons may be blue. Select
the desired button to turn the blue annunciator on or off to distribute the telephone/
entertainment audio to selected crew/passenger positions. Turn the large knob to
select MUS1 or MUS2 and select the crew positions to receive the music audio.
GPS Nav
The Blue-Select Mode is entered by pressing the small knob when the volume
control cursor (flashing white annunciator) is not active. If the volume control cursor
is active, press the small knob twice. The first press will cancel the volume control
cursor, the second will activate Blue-Select Mode.
AFCS
) audio are
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
The music (MUS1/MUS2) and telephone/entertainment (
distributed using the Blue-Select Mode.
EICAS
The telephone/entertainment (
) Key controls a telephone or entertainment
device connected to the rear of the audio panel or to the Front Panel Jack.
The MUS1 and MUS2 Key controls the Entertainment Music audio input.
The Front Panel Jack can be used as an entertainment input or a telephone input
(in which case, it disables the rear telephone interface). The Front Panel Jack is a 3.5mm stereo jack that is compatible with popular portable entertainment devices such
as MP3s, CD players, and cell phones. The headphone outputs of the entertainment
devices can be plugged into the Front Panel Jack or the MUS1 or MUS2 external jacks.
Flight
Instruments
TELEPHONE/ENTERTAINMENT AUDIO
Appendix
Index
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
13
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EICAS
Flight
Instruments
Nav/Com/XPDR/Audio Panel
Blank Page
14
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
190-01842-01 Rev. A
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
NOTE: If the attitude information required for the default flight director modes
becomes invalid or unavailable, the autopilot automatically disengages.
EICAS
NOTE: If sensor information (other than attitude) required for a flight director
mode becomes invalid or unavailable, the flight director automatically reverts
to the default mode for that axis.
Flight
Instruments
AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
FLIGHT DIRECTOR ACTIVATION
GPS Nav
Control Pressed
Modes Selected
Lateral
Vertical
Pitch Hold (default)
PIT
AP Key
Roll Hold (default)
ROL
Pitch Hold (default)
PIT
CWS Button
Roll Hold (default)
ROL
Pitch Hold (default)
PIT
TO/GA Switch
Go Around (in air)
Takeoff (on ground)
TO
GA
Go Around (in air)
Takeoff (on ground)
TO
GA
ALT Key
Roll Hold (default)
ROL
Altitude Hold
ALT
VS Key
Roll Hold (default)
ROL
Vertical Speed
VS
Hazard
Avoidance
ROL
Procedures
Roll Hold (default)
Flight
Planning
FD Key
ROL
Flight Level Change
FLC
Roll Hold (default)
ROL
Vertical Path Tracking*
VPTH
NAV Key
Navigation**
GPS
VOR
LOC
Pitch Hold (default)
PIT
BC Key
Backcourse***
BC
Pitch Hold (default)
PIT
APR Key
Approach**
GPS
VOR
LOC
Pitch Hold (default)
PIT
HDG Key
Heading Select
HDG
Pitch Hold (default)
PIT
Abnormal
Operation
Roll Hold (default)
Annun/
Alerts
Appendix
*Valid VNV flight plan must be entered before VNV Key press activates flight director.
***The selected navigation receiver must have a valid LOC signal before BC Key press activates flight
director.
15
Index
**The selected navigation receiver must have a valid VOR or LOC signal or active GPS course before
NAV or APR Key press activates flight director.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
Additional
Features
FLC Key
VNV Key
190-01842-01 Rev. A
AFCS
An initial press of a key listed in the following table (when the flight director is not
active) activates the pilot-side flight director in the listed modes.
VERTICAL MODES
Vertical Mode
Control Annunciation
Holds the current aircraft pitch attitude;
may be used to climb/descend to the
Selected Altitude
Selected Altitude
Armed
Captures the Selected Altitude
Altitude Hold
Holds the current Altitude Reference
ALT Key
ALT
nnnnn ft
Vertical Speed
Maintains the current aircraft vertical
speed; may be used to climb/descend to
the Selected Altitude
VS Key
VS
nnnn fpm
Flight Level Change
Maintains the current aircraft airspeed
while the aircraft is climbing/descending
to the Selected Altitude
FLC Key
FLC
nnn kt
Vertical Path Tracking
Captures and tracks descent legs of an
VNV Key
active vertical profile
VPTH
VNV Target Altitude
Capture
Captures the Vertical Navigation (VNV)
Target Altitude
ALTV
Glidepath
Captures and tracks the SBAS glidepath on
approach
Glideslope
Captures and tracks the ILS glideslope on
approach
Go Around
Commands a constant pitch angle and
wings level in the air
Takeoff
Commands a constant pitch angle and
wings level on the ground in preparation
for takeoff
Level
Autopilot engages and commands pitch
angle necessary to establish zero vertical
FPM
Flight
Planning
Procedures
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
Abnormal
Operation
Annun/
Alerts
Appendix
Index
Description
Pitch Hold
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EICAS
Flight
Instruments
AFCS
(default)
PIT
*
ALTS
**
GP
APR Key
GS
GA
TO/GA
Switch
***
TO
LVL
* ALTS armed automatically when PIT, VS, FLC, or GA active, and under VPTH when Selected Altitude
is to be captured instead of VNAV Target Altitude
** ALTV armed automatically under VPTH when VNAV Target Altitude is to be captured instead of
Selected Altitude
*** Level mode can only become activated as a function of Electronic Stability and Protection (ESP).
Refer to the Additional Features section for a detailed discussion of the optional ESP feature
16
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
190-01842-01 Rev. A
AFCS
Lateral Mode
Description
Control Annunciation
(default)
ROL
Low Bank
Limits the maximum commanded roll angle
BANK
Key
*
Heading Select **
Captures and tracks the Selected Heading
HDG Key
HDG
LOC
Captures and tracks a localizer signal for
backcourse approaches
BC Key
Approach, GPS
Captures and tracks the selected navigation
APR Key
source (GPS, VOR, LOC)
VAPP
LOC
Takeoff
Commands a constant pitch angle and
wings level on the ground in preparation
for takeoff
Level
Autopilot engages and commands wings
level
TO/GA
Switch
GA
TO
Annun/
Alerts
Commands a constant pitch angle and
wings level in the air
Abnormal
Operation
Go Around
Additional
Features
Approach, LOC
Capture/Track
(Glideslope Mode
automatically armed)
GPS
Hazard
Avoidance
Approach, VOR
Capture/Track
BC
Procedures
Backcourse Capture/
Track
VOR
Flight
Planning
Navigation, LOC
Capture/Track
(No Glideslope)
Captures and tracks the selected navigation
NAV Key
source (GPS, VOR, LOC)
GPS Nav
Navigation, VOR
Enroute Capture/
Track **
GPS
AFCS
Navigation, GPS **
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Holds the current aircraft roll attitude or
rolls the wings level, depending on the
commanded bank angle
EICAS
Roll Hold
***
LVL
Appendix
* No annunciation appears in the AFCS Status Box. The acceptable bank angle range is indicated in
green along the Roll Scale of the Attitude Indicator.
Index
** The Heading, Navigation GPS and Navigation VOR mode maximum roll command limit will be
limited to the Low Bank mode value if it is engaged.
*** Level mode can only become activated as a function of Electronic Stability and Protection (ESP).
Refer to the Additional Features section for a detailed discussion of the optional ESP feature.
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Flight
Instruments
LATERAL MODES
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
17
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EICAS
Flight
Instruments
AFCS
Blank Page
18
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
190-01842-01 Rev. A
GPS Navigation
Flight
Instruments
GPS NAVIGATION
DIRECT-TO NAVIGATION
EICAS
Direct-to Navigation using the MFD
1)
With the MFD selected on the controller, press the Direct-to (
2)
Enter the waypoint identifier.
3)
Press the ENT Key to confirm the identifier. The ‘Activate?’ field is
highlighted.
4)
If no altitude constraint or course is desired, press the ENT Key to activate.
To enter an altitude constraint, proceed to step 5.
5)
Turn the large FMS Knob to place the cursor over the ‘VNV’ altitude field.
6)
Enter the desired altitude.
7)
Press the ENT Key. If the waypoint entered is an airport, the option to
select MSL or AGL is now displayed. If the waypoint is not an airport,
proceed to step 9.
8)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select ‘MSL’ or ‘AGL’.
9)
Press the ENT Key. The cursor is now flashing in the VNV offset distance
field.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
) Key.
GPS Nav
Flight
Planning
Procedures
Hazard
Avoidance
11) Press the ENT Key. The ‘Activate?’ field is highlighted.
Additional
Features
12) Press the ENT Key to activate.
Direct-to Navigation using the PFD
2)
5)
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
19
Index
6)
Appendix
4)
) on the PFD or controller.
Turn the large FMS Knob to place the cursor in the desired selection field.
Turn the small FMS Knob to begin selecting the desired identifier, location,
etc.
Press the ENT Key.
The cursor is now flashing on ‘ACTIVATE?’. If no altitude constraint or
course is desired, press the ENT Key to activate. To enter an altitude
constraint, proceed to step 6.
Turn the large FMS Knob counterclockwise to place the cursor over the
‘ALT’ altitude field.
Annun/
Alerts
3)
Press the Direct-to Key (
Abnormal
Operation
1)
AFCS
10) Enter the desired offset distance before (-) the waypoint.
EICAS
Flight
Instruments
GPS Navigation
7)
Turn the small FMS Knob to enter the desired altitude.
8)
Press the ENT Key. If the waypoint entered is an airport, the option to
select MSL or AGL is now displayed. If the waypoint is not an airport,
proceed to step 10.
9)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select ‘MSL’ or ‘AGL’.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
10) Press the ENT Key. The cursor is placed in the ‘OFFSET’ field.
11) Turn the small FMS Knob to enter the desired target altitude offset from
the selected Direct-to.
AFCS
12) Press the ENT Key to highlight ‘Activate?’ or turn the large FMS Knob to
highlight the ‘CRS’ field.
14) Press the ENT Key to highlight ‘ACTIVATE?’.
15) Press the ENT Key again to activate the Direct-to.
ACTIVATE A STORED FLIGHT PLAN
1)
Press the FPL Key and turn the small FMS Knob to display the Flight Plan
Catalog Page.
2)
Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
3)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the desired flight plan
4)
Select the ACTIVE Softkey. The confirmation window is now displayed.
5)
With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key to activate the flight plan. To cancel
the flight plan activation, turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘CANCEL’ and
press the ENT Key.
ACTIVATE A FLIGHT PLAN LEG
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
13) Turn the small FMS Knob to enter the desired course to the waypoint.
1)
From the Active Flight Plan Page, press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor
and turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the desired waypoint.
2)
Select the ACT LEG Softkey.
Appendix
OR
Index
Press the MENU Key, select the ‘Activate Leg’ option from the page menu
and press the ENT Key. This step must be used when activating a leg from
the PFD.
3)
20
With ‘Activate’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
190-01842-01 Rev. A
GPS Navigation
Flight
Instruments
STOP NAVIGATING A FLIGHT PLAN
2)
Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu Window.
3)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘Delete Flight Plan’ and press the ENT
Key. With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key to deactivate the flight plan.
This will not delete the stored flight plan, only the active flight plan.
VERTICAL NAVIGATION (VNAV)
AFCS
The navigation database only contains altitudes for procedures that call for “Cross
at” altitudes. If the procedure states “Expect to cross at,” the altitude is not in the
database. In this case the altitude may be entered manually.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page.
EICAS
1)
GPS Nav
Flight
Planning
Large White
Text
Procedures
Large Cyan
Text
Hazard
Avoidance
Small Cyan
Text
Abnormal
Operation
Small White Text
with Altitude
Restriction Bar
Additional
Features
Small Cyan
Subdued Text
Cross AT or ABOVE 5,000 ft
Annun/
Alerts
Cross AT 2,300 ft
Appendix
Cross AT or BELOW 3,000 ft
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
21
Index
Altitudes associated with approach procedures are “auto-designated”. This means
the system will automatically use the altitudes loaded with the approach for giving
vertical flight path guidance outside the FAF. Note these altitudes are displayed as
small cyan text.
Altitudes associated with arrival procedures are “manually-designated”. This
means the system will not use the altitudes loaded with the arrival for giving vertical
flight path guidance until designated to do so by the pilot. Note that these altitudes
are initially displayed as white text. These altitudes may be “designated” by placing
the cursor over the desired altitude and pressing the ENT Key. After designation, the
text changes to cyan.
Altitudes that have been designated for use in vertical navigation may also be
made “non-designated” by placing the cursor over the desired altitude and pressing
the CLR Key. The altitude is now displayed only as a reference. It will not be used
to give vertical flight path guidance. Other displayed altitudes may change due to
re-calculations or rendered invalid as a result of manually changing an altitude to a
non-designated altitude.
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EICAS
Flight
Instruments
GPS Navigation
White Text
Cyan Text
Cyan Subdued
Text
Large Text Altitude calculated by
the system estimating
the altitude of the
aircraft as it passes
over the navigation
point. This altitude
is provided as a
reference and is not
designated to be used
in determining vertical
flight path guidance.
Altitude has been
entered by the pilot.
Altitude is designated
for use in giving
vertical flight path
guidance. Altitude
does not match the
published altitude in
navigation database or
no published altitude
exists.
The system cannot
use this altitude in
determining vertical
flight path guidance.
Small Text Altitude is not
designated to be used
in determining vertical
flight path guidance.
Altitude has been
retrieved from the
navigation database
and is provided as a
reference.
Altitude is designated
for use in giving vertical
flight path guidance.
Altitude has been
retrieved from the
navigation database
or has been entered by
the pilot and matches
a published altitude
in the navigation
database.
The system cannot
use this altitude in
determining vertical
flight path guidance.
22
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Flight Planning
Flight
Instruments
FLIGHT PLANNING
WEIGHT & FUEL PLANNING
EICAS
All procedures apply to the MFD unless otherwise stated.
Entering Weight Parameters
Procedures
3)
Select the FOB SYNC Softkey to enter the fuel on board quantity as read
from the aircraft fuel quantity sensors.
Additional
Features
Turn the large FMS Knob to place the cursor in the ‘FUEL ON BOARD’ field.
Or:
Annun/
Alerts
Press the FMS Knob to remove the cursor.
Abnormal
Operation
Manually enter the desired fuel quantity.
6)
TRIP PLANNING
Appendix
Turn the large FMS Knob to select the ‘AUX’ page group.
2)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the first rectangular page icon.
3)
The current ‘PAGE MODE’ is displayed at the top of the page: ‘AUTOMATIC’ or
‘MANUAL’. To change the page mode, press the AUTO or MANUAL Softkey.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
23
Index
1)
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Hazard
Avoidance
2)
Enter the desired reserve fuel quantity.
Flight
Planning
If necessary, press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
5)
GPS Nav
1)
Press the ENT Key. The cursor is now in the ‘FUEL RESERVES’ field.
AFCS
Entering Fuel Parameters
4)
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
The Weight, Fuel, Exceedances Page is displayed after system power-up. If it is
necessary to return to this page, turn the large FMS Knob to select the ‘AUX’ page
group. Turn the small FMS Knob to select the ‘WEIGHT PLANNING’ page.
1) Select the EMPTY WT Softkey to place the cursor in the Basic Empty
Weight field.
2) Enter the desired aircraft empty weight.
3) Press the ENT Key. The cursor is now over the ‘PILOT & STORES’ field.
4) Enter the desired weight of Pilot & Stores.
5) Press the ENT Key.
6) Continue repeating these steps until all desired weights have been entered.
Flight Planning
Flight
Instruments
4)
For Direct-to planning:
a) Press the WPTS Softkey and verify that the starting waypoint field
indicates ‘P.POS’ (present position).
EICAS
b) If necessary, press the MENU Key and select ‘Set WPT to Present
Position’ to display ‘P.POS’.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
c) Press the ENT Key and the flashing cursor moves to the ending
waypoint field.
AFCS
d) Enter the identifier of the ending waypoint and press the ENT Key to
accept the waypoint.
Or:
GPS Nav
For point-to-point planning:
a) Enter the identifier of the starting waypoint.
Flight
Planning
b) Once the waypoint’s identifier is entered, press the ENT Key to accept
the waypoint. The flashing cursor moves to the ending waypoint.
c) Again, enter the identifier of the ending waypoint.
Procedures
d) Press the ENT Key to accept the waypoint.
Or:
Hazard
Avoidance
For flight plan leg planning:
a) Press the FPL Softkey (at the bottom of the display).
Additional
Features
b) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the desired flight plan (already
stored in memory), by number.
c) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the ‘LEG’ field.
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
d) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the desired leg of the flight plan, or
select ‘CUM’ to apply trip planning calculations to the entire flight plan.
Selecting ‘FPL 00’ displays the active flight plan. If an active flight plan
is selected, ‘REM’ is an available option to display planning data for the
remainder of the flight plan.
Appendix
NOTE: The page mode must be set to ‘MANUAL’ to perform the following
steps.
5)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the departure time (DEP TIME) field.
Index
NOTE: The departure time on the Trip Planning Page is used for preflight
planning. Refer to the Utility Page for the actual flight departure time.
24
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Flight Planning
8)
The flashing cursor moves to the fuel flow field. Enter the fuel flow. Press
the ENT Key when finished. Note that in ‘AUTOMATIC’ page mode, fuel flow
is provided by the system.
9)
The flashing cursor moves to the fuel onboard field. Enter the fuel onboard.
Press the ENT Key when finished. Note that in ‘AUTOMATIC’ page mode, fuel
onboard is provided by the fuel totalizer.
Abnormal
Operation
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the User WPT Information Page.
3)
Press the NEW Softkey. A waypoint is created at the current aircraft
position.
4)
Enter the desired waypoint name.
5)
Press the ENT Key.
Appendix
2)
Annun/
Alerts
Turn the large FMS Knob on the MFD to select the ‘WPT’ page group.
Additional
Features
CREATE A USER WAYPOINT DEFINED BY LATITUDE & LONGITUDE
1)
Hazard
Avoidance
13) The flashing cursor moves to the air temperature (TOTAL AIR TEMP) field. Enter
the desired air temperature. Press the ENT Key when finished. Note that in
‘AUTOMATIC’ page mode, air temperature is provided by the system outside
air temperature.
Procedures
12) The flashing cursor moves to the barometric setting (PRESSURE) field. Enter
the desired baro setting. Press the ENT Key when finished. Note that in
‘AUTOMATIC’ page mode, the baro setting is provided by the setting entered
on the PFD.
Flight
Planning
11) The flashing cursor moves to the altitude (IND ALTITUDE) field. Enter the
altitude. Press the ENT Key when finished. Note that in ‘AUTOMATIC’ page
mode, altitude is provided by the system.
GPS Nav
10) The flashing cursor moves to the calibrated airspeed (CALIBRATED AS) field.
Enter the calibrated airspeed. Press the ENT Key when finished. Note that
in ‘AUTOMATIC’ page mode, calibrated airspeed is provided by the system.
AFCS
The flashing cursor moves to the ground speed (GS) field. Enter the ground
speed. Press the ENT Key when finished. Note that in ‘automatic’ page
mode, ground speed is provided by the system.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
7)
EICAS
Enter the departure time. Press the ENT Key when finished. Departure time
may be entered in local or UTC time, depending upon system settings.
Flight
Instruments
6)
Index
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
25
Flight Planning
Flight
Instruments
6)
The cursor is now in the ‘WAYPOINT TYPE’ field. If desired, the waypoint
can be made temporary (deleted automatically when the system is turned
off). If the waypoint is to remain in the system, proceed to step 7.
EICAS
a) Turn the large FMS Knob one click to the left to highlight
‘TEMPORARY’.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
With the cursor in the ‘WAYPOINT TYPE’ field, turn the small FMS Knob to
display a list of waypoint types.
8)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select LAT/LON (latitude and longitude).
9)
Press the ENT Key.
CREATE A USER WAYPOINT DEFINED BY RADIALS FROM OTHER WAYPOINTS
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
7)
AFCS
b) Press the ENT Key to place a check-mark in the box. Turn the large
FMS Knob to place the cursor back in the ‘WAYPOINT TYPE’ field.
1)
Turn the large FMS Knob on the MFD to select the ‘WPT’ page group.
2)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the User WPT Information Page.
3)
Press the NEW Softkey. A waypoint is created at the current aircraft
position.
4)
Enter the desired waypoint name.
5)
Press the ENT Key.
6)
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
The cursor is now in the ‘WAYPOINT TYPE’ field. If desired, the waypoint
can be made temporary (deleted automatically when the system is turned
off). If the waypoint is to remain in the system, proceed to step 7.
a) Turn the large FMS Knob one click to the left to highlight
‘TEMPORARY’.
b) Press the ENT Key to place a check-mark in the box. Turn the large
FMS Knob to place the cursor back in the ‘WAYPOINT TYPE’ field.
7) With the cursor in the ‘WAYPOINT TYPE’ field, turn the small FMS Knob to
display a list of waypoint types.
8) Turn the small FMS Knob to select RAD/RAD (radial/radial).
9) Press the ENT Key.
10) The cursor moves to the ‘REFERENCE WAYPOINTS’ field. With the first
waypoint name highlighted, use the FMS Knobs to enter the desired
waypoint name. Waypoints may also be selected as follows:
26
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Flight Planning
GPS Nav
Flight
Planning
Procedures
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
Abnormal
Operation
Annun/
Alerts
15) Press the ENT Key.
Index
16) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
Appendix
14) Press the ENT Key. The cursor is displayed in the ‘RAD’ (radial) field for the
second waypoint. Enter the desired radial from the reference waypoint.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
AFCS
13) Repeat step 10 to enter the next waypoint name.
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
12) Press the ENT Key.
EICAS
11) Press the ENT Key. The cursor is displayed in the ‘RAD’ (radial) field. Enter
the desired radial from the reference waypoint.
Flight
Instruments
a) When a flight plan is active, turning the small FMS Knob to the left will
display a list of the flight plan waypoints.
b) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the desired waypoint.
c) Press the ENT Key.
Or:
a) Turn the small FMS Knob to the left. Initially, a flight plan waypoint list
is displayed.
b) Turn the small FMS Knob to the right to display the ‘NRST’ airports to
the aircraft’s current position.
c) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the desired waypoint.
d) Press the ENT Key.
Or:
a) Turn the small FMS Knob to the left. Initially, a flight plan waypoint list
is displayed.
b) Turn the small FMS Knob to the right to display the ‘RECENT’
waypoints.
c) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the desired waypoint.
d) Press the ENT Key.
Or:
a) Turn the small FMS Knob to the left. Initially, a flight plan waypoint list
is displayed.
b) Turn the small FMS Knob to the right to display the ‘USER’ waypoints.
c) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the desired waypoint.
d) Press the ENT Key.
27
CREATE A USER WAYPOINT DEFINED BY A RADIAL & DISTANCE FROM
ANOTHER WAYPOINT
1)
Turn the large FMS Knob on the MFD to select the ‘WPT’ page group.
2)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the User WPT Information Page.
3)
Press the NEW Softkey. A waypoint is created at the current aircraft
position.
4)
Enter the desired waypoint name.
5)
Press the ENT Key.
6)
The cursor is now in the ‘WAYPOINT TYPE’ field. If desired, the waypoint
can be made temporary (deleted automatically when the system is turned
off). If the waypoint is to remain in the system, proceed to step 7.
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EICAS
Flight
Instruments
Flight Planning
Flight
Planning
a) Turn the large FMS Knob one click to the left to highlight
‘TEMPORARY’.
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
b) Press the ENT Key to place a check-mark in the box. Turn the large
FMS Knob to place the cursor back in the ‘WAYPOINT TYPE’ field.
7)
With the cursor in the ‘WAYPOINT TYPE’ field, turn the small FMS Knob to
display a list of waypoint types.
8)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select RAD/DIS (radial/distance).
9)
Press the ENT Key.
Additional
Features
10) The cursor moves to the ‘REFERENCE WAYPOINTS’ field. With the first
waypoint name highlighted, use the FMS Knobs to enter the desired
waypoint name. Waypoints may also be selected as follows:
Abnormal
Operation
a) When a flight plan is active, turning the small FMS Knob to the left will
display a list of the flight plan waypoints.
b) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the desired waypoint.
Annun/
Alerts
c) Press the ENT Key.
Or:
Appendix
a) Turn the small FMS Knob to the left. Initially, a flight plan waypoint list
is displayed.
Index
b) Turn the small FMS Knob to the right to display the ‘NRST’ airports to
the aircraft’s current position.
c) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the desired waypoint.
d) Press the ENT Key.
28
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Flight Planning
a) Turn the small FMS Knob to the left. Initially, a flight plan waypoint list
is displayed.
EICAS
b) Turn the small FMS Knob to the right to display the ‘RECENT’
waypoints.
Flight
Instruments
Or:
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
c) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the desired waypoint.
d) Press the ENT Key.
Or:
c) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the desired waypoint.
GPS Nav
b) Turn the small FMS Knob to the right to display the ‘USER’ waypoints.
AFCS
a) Turn the small FMS Knob to the left. Initially, a flight plan waypoint list
is displayed.
d) Press the ENT Key.
Procedures
12) Press the ENT Key.
13) The cursor is now displayed in the ‘DIS’ (distance) field. Enter the desired
distance from the reference waypoint.
Hazard
Avoidance
14) Press the ENT Key.
15) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
Additional
Features
DELETE A USER WAYPOINT
Turn the large FMS Knob to select the ‘WPT’ page group.
2)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the User WPT Information Page.
3)
Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
4)
Turn the large FMS Knob to the place the cursor in the ‘USER WAYPOINT LIST’
field.
5)
Turn the small FMS Knob to highlight the desired waypoint.
6)
Press the DELETE Softkey.
7)
The message ‘Would you like to delete the user waypoint?’ is displayed. With
‘YES’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
Appendix
Index
29
Annun/
Alerts
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
Abnormal
Operation
1)
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Flight
Planning
11) Press the ENT Key. The cursor is displayed in the ‘RAD’ (radial) field. Enter
the desired radial from the reference waypoint.
CREATE A FLIGHT PLAN
NOTE: When creating a flight plan in the Active Flight Plan Window, the first
leg is activated automatically after it is created.
EICAS
Flight
Instruments
Flight Planning
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Creating an active flight plan:
1) Press the FPL Key.
2) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor (only on MFD).
3) Turn the small FMS Knob to display the Waypoint Information Window.
(Turning it clockwise displays a blank Waypoint Information Window,
turning it counter-clockwise displays the Waypoint Information Window
with a waypoint selection submenu allowing selection of active flight plan,
nearest, recent, user, or airway waypoints).
4) Enter the identifier, facility, or city name of the departure waypoint or select
a waypoint from the submenu of waypoints and press the ENT Key. The
active flight plan is modified as each waypoint is entered.
5) Repeat step numbers 3 and 4 to enter each additional flight plan waypoint.
6) When all waypoints have been entered, press the FMS Knob to remove the
cursor.
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Creating a stored flight plan:
1) Press the FPL Key.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob clockwise to display the Flight Plan Catalog Page.
3) Press the NEW Softkey; or press the MENU Key, highlight ‘Create New
Flight Plan’, and press the ENT Key to display a blank flight plan for the
first empty storage location.
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to display the Waypoint Information Window.
(Turning it clockwise displays a blank Waypoint Information Window,
turning it counter-clockwise displays the Waypoint Information Window
with a waypoint selection submenu allowing selection of active flight plan,
nearest, recent, user, or airway waypoints).
5) Enter the identifier, facility, or city name of the departure waypoint or select
a waypoint from the submenu of waypoints and press the ENT Key.
6) Repeat step numbers 4 and 5 to enter each additional flight plan waypoint.
7) When all waypoints have been entered, press the FMS Knob to return to
the Flight Plan Catalog Page. The new flight plan is now in the list.
30
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Flight Planning
NOTE: See the Annunciations & Alerts section for flight plan import message
descriptions.
EICAS
Importing a Flight Plan from an SD Card
Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page on the MFD.
3)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the Flight Plan Catalog Page.
4)
Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
5)
Turn either FMS Knob to highlight an empty or existing flight plan.
6)
Press the IMPORT Softkey; or press the MENU Key, select ‘Import Flight
Plan’, and press the ENT Key.
GPS Nav
2)
AFCS
Insert the SD card containing the flight plan in the top card slot on the
MFD.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
1)
8)
Press the ENT Key to initiate the import.
9)
Press the ENT Key again to confirm the import.
Annun/
Alerts
INSERT A WAYPOINT IN THE ACTIVE FLIGHT PLAN
Press the FPL Key to display the active flight plan.
2)
If required, press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
3)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the desired flight plan waypoint. The
new waypoint is inserted before the highlighted waypoint.
4)
Turn the small FMS Knob. The Waypoint Information Window is now
displayed.
Appendix
1)
31
Index
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
Abnormal
Operation
Turn the small FMS Knob to highlight the desired flight plan for importing.
Additional
Features
7)
Hazard
Avoidance
If an existing flight plan is selected, an ‘Overwrite existing flight plan?
OK or CANCEL’ prompt is displayed. Press the ENT Key to choose to
overwrite the selected flight plan and see the list of available flight
plans on the SD card. If overwriting the existing flight plan is not
desired, select ‘CANCEL’ using the FMS Knob, press the
ENT Key, select another flight plan slot, and press the IMPORT Softkey
again.
Procedures
Or:
Flight
Planning
If an empty slot is selected, a list of the available flight plans on the SD
card will be displayed.
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Flight
Instruments
IMPORT A FLIGHT PLAN FROM AN SD CARD
Flight Planning
Flight
Instruments
5)
a) Enter the user waypoint identifier, facility, or city.
b) Press the ENT Key.
EICAS
Or:
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
a) Turn the small FMS Knob to the left. Initially, a flight plan waypoint list
is displayed.
b) Turn the small FMS Knob to the right to display the ‘NRST’ airport
waypoints to the aircraft’s current position.
AFCS
c) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the desired waypoint.
d) Press the ENT Key.
GPS Nav
Or:
a) Turn the small FMS Knob to the left. Initially, a flight plan waypoint list
is displayed.
Flight
Planning
b) Turn the small FMS Knob to the right to display the ‘RECENT’
waypoints.
Procedures
c) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the desired waypoint.
d) Press the ENT Key.
e) Press the ENT Key again to accept the waypoint.
ENTER AN AIRWAY IN A FLIGHT PLAN
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Enter the new flight plan waypoint by one of the following:
32
1)
Press the FPL Key.
2)
Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor (not required on the PFD).
3)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the waypoint after the desired airway
entry point. If this waypoint is not a valid airway entry point, a valid entry
point should be entered at this time.
4)
Turn the small FMS Knob one click clockwise and press the LD AIRWY
Softkey, or press the MENU Key and select “Load Airway”. The Select
Airway Page is displayed. The LD AIRWY Softkey or the “Load Airway”
menu item is available only when an acceptable airway entry waypoint has
been chosen (the waypoint ahead of the cursor position).
5)
Turn the FMS Knob to select the desired airway from the list, and press the
ENT Key. Low altitude airways are shown first in the list, followed by “all”
altitude airways, and then high altitude airways.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Flight Planning
7)
Press the ENT Key. The system returns to editing the flight plan with the
new airway inserted.
EICAS
Turn the FMS Knob to select the desired airway exit point from the list, and
press the ENT Key. ‘LOAD?’ is highlighted.
USER-DEFINED HOLDING PATTERNS
Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor (not required on the PFD) and
turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the waypoint for the hold.
3)
Press the MENU Key, highlight ‘Hold At Wpt’, and press the ENT Key. The
HOLD AT window appears with the course field highlighted.
4)
Use the FMS Knobs to edit the entry course, and press the ENT Key.
5)
Use the small FMS Knob to select ‘INBOUND’ or ‘OUTBOUND’ course
direction, and press the ENT Key.
6)
Use the small FMS Knob to select ‘TIME’ or ‘DIST’ length mode, and press
the ENT Key.
7)
Use the FMS Knobs to edit the length, and press the ENT Key.
8)
Use the small FMS Knob to select ‘RIGHT’ or ‘LEFT’ turn direction, and
press the ENT Key.
9)
Use the FMS Knobs to edit the Expect Further Clearance Time (EFC TIME),
and press the ENT Key.
Procedures
2)
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
Abnormal
Operation
Annun/
Alerts
10) Press the ENT Key while ‘LOAD?’ is highlighted to add the hold into the
flight plan.
Creating a user-defined hold at the aircraft present position:
2)
Press the MENU Key, highlight ‘Hold At Present Position’, and press the
ENT Key. The HOLD AT window appears with the Length mode highlighted.
3)
Use the small FMS Knob to select ‘TIME’ or ‘DIST’ length mode, and press
the ENT Key.
33
Index
Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page (MFD) or the Active
Flight Plan Window (PFD).
Appendix
1)
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
Flight
Planning
Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page (MFD) or the Active
Flight Plan Window (PFD).
GPS Nav
1)
AFCS
Creating a user-defined hold at an active flight plan waypoint:
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
A holding pattern can be defined at any active flight plan waypoint, or at the aircraft
present position.
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Flight
Instruments
6)
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EICAS
Flight
Instruments
Flight Planning
4)
Use the FMS Knobs to edit the length, and press the ENT Key.
5)
Use the small FMS Knob to select ‘RIGHT’ or ‘LEFT’ turn direction, and
press the ENT Key.
6)
Use the FMS Knobs to edit the Expect Further Clearance Time (EFC TIME),
and press the ENT Key.
7)
Press the ENT Key while ‘ACTIVATE?’ is highlighted to immediately activate
the hold.
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Creating a User-Defined Hold at a Direct-To Waypoint:
1)
Press a Direct-to Key and set up the Direct To waypoint as desired, but
select ‘HOLD?’ instead of ‘ACTIVATE?’ when finished.
2)
Use the FMS Knobs to edit the entry course, and press the ENT Key.
3)
Use the small FMS Knob to select ‘INBOUND’ or ‘OUTBOUND’ course
direction, and press the ENT Key.
4)
Use the small FMS Knob to select ‘TIME’ or ‘DIST’ length mode, and press
the ENT Key.
5)
Use the FMS Knobs to edit the length, and press the ENT Key.
6)
Use the small FMS Knob to select ‘RIGHT’ or ‘LEFT’ turn direction, and
press the ENT Key.
7)
Use the FMS Knobs to edit the Expect Further Clearance Time (EFC TIME),
and press the ENT Key.
8)
Press the ENT Key while ‘ACTIVATE?’ is highlighted to activate the Direct To
with the user-defined hold defined at the Direct To waypoint.
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Removing a user-defined hold (created at the aircraft present position
or at a Direct-To waypoint):
1)
Press the Direct To Key to display the DIRECT TO Window (PFD or MFD).
2)
Press the MENU Key to display the PAGE MENU with the cursor on the
‘Cancel Direct To NAV’ selection.
3)
Press the ENT Key. The holding pattern is removed.
Index
Removing a user-defined hold (created at an active flight plan
waypoint):
1)
34
Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page (MFD) or the Active
Flight Plan Window (PFD).
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Flight Planning
Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor (not required on the PFD) and
turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the HOLD waypoint.
3)
Press the CLR Key. A ‘Remove Holding Pattern?’ confirmation window is
displayed.
4)
Select ‘OK’ and press the ENT Key. The holding pattern is removed from
the active flight plan. Select ‘CANCEL’ and press the ENT Key to cancel the
removal of the holding pattern.
Flight
Instruments
2)
3)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘Invert Flight Plan’.
4)
Press the ENT Key. The original flight plan remains intact in its flight plan
catalog storage location.
5)
With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key to invert the flight plan.
Flight
Planning
Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu.
GPS Nav
2)
AFCS
Press the FPL Key to display the active flight plan.
Or, for a stored flight plan:
Additional
Features
a) Press the FPL Key on the MFD.
Hazard
Avoidance
Press the FPL Key to display the active flight plan. Press the FMS Knob to
activate the cursor.
Procedures
REMOVE A DEPARTURE, ARRIVAL, APPROACH, OR AIRWAY FROM A FLIGHT
PLAN
1)
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
1)
EICAS
INVERT AN ACTIVE FLIGHT PLAN
b) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the Flight Plan Catalog Page.
c) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
Abnormal
Operation
d) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the desired flight plan.
e) Press the EDIT Softkey.
3)
Press the CLR Key to display a confirmation window.
4)
With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key to remove the selected procedure
or airway.
Appendix
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the title for the approach, departure,
arrival, or airway to be deleted. Titles appear in white directly above the
procedure’s waypoints.
Annun/
Alerts
2)
Index
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
35
STORE A FLIGHT PLAN
After creating a flight plan on either the PFD or MFD, it may be saved by
pressing the MENU Key.
2)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘Store Flight Plan’ and press the ENT Key.
3)
With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key to store the flight plan.
GPS Nav
Flight
Planning
1)
Press the FPL Key on the MFD, then turn the small FMS Knob to display the
Flight Plan Catalog Page.
2)
Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
3)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the desired flight plan.
4)
Press the EDIT Softkey.
5)
Turn the large FMS Knob to place the cursor in the desired location.
6)
Enter the changes, then press the ENT Key.
7)
Press the FMS Knob to return to the Flight Plan Catalog Page.
DELETE A WAYPOINT FROM THE FLIGHT PLAN
1)
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
1)
EDIT A STORED FLIGHT PLAN
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EICAS
Flight
Instruments
Flight Planning
Press the FPL Key to display the active flight plan. Press the FMS Knob to
activate the cursor.
Or, for a stored flight plan:
Additional
Features
a) Press the FPL Key on the MFD.
b) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the Flight Plan Catalog Page.
Abnormal
Operation
c) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
d) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the desired flight plan.
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
e) Press the EDIT Softkey.
36
2)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the waypoint to be deleted.
3)
Press the CLR Key to display a ‘REMOVE (Wpt Name)?’ confirmation window.
4)
With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key to remove the waypoint. To cancel
the delete request, turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘CANCEL’ and press
the ENT Key.
5)
Once all changes have been made, press the FMS Knob to remove the cursor.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Flight Planning
Flight
Instruments
INVERT AND ACTIVATE A STORED FLIGHT PLAN
Press the FPL Key on the MFD.
2)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the Flight Plan Catalog Page.
3)
Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
4)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the desired flight plan.
5)
Press the INVERT Softkey. ‘Invert and activate stored flight plan?’ is displayed.
6)
With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key. The selected flight plan is now
inverted and activated. The original flight plan remains intact in its flight plan
catalog storage location.
EICAS
1)
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
AFCS
GPS Nav
COPY A FLIGHT PLAN
Press the FPL Key on the MFD.
2)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the Flight Plan Catalog Page.
3)
Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
4)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the flight plan to be copied.
5)
Press the COPY Softkey. A ‘Copy to flight plan #?’ confirmation window is
displayed.
6)
With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key to copy the flight plan. To cancel,
turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘CANCEL’ and press the ENT Key.
Flight
Planning
1)
Procedures
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
DELETE A FLIGHT PLAN
Press the FPL Key on the MFD.
2)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the Flight Plan Catalog Page.
3)
Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
4)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the flight plan to be deleted.
5)
Press the DELETE Softkey. A ‘Delete flight plan #?’ confirmation window is
displayed.
6)
With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key to delete the flight plan. To cancel,
turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘CANCEL’ and press the ENT Key.
Abnormal
Operation
1)
Annun/
Alerts
Appendix
Index
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
37
GRAPHICAL FLIGHT PLAN CREATION
1)
Press the FPL Key on the MFD to display the Active Flight Plan Page.
2)
Press the Joystick to activate the map pointer. Use the Joystick to move
the pointer to the desired point on the map to be inserted as a waypoint in
the flight plan.
3)
The default insertion point is at the end of the flight plan. If the selected
waypoint is to be placed anywhere other than the end of the flight plan,
press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor. Waypoints are inserted ABOVE
the cursor. Turn the large FMS Knob to select the desired insertion point.
4)
Press the LD WPT Softkey. The selected waypoint is inserted at the selected
point. The default user waypoint naming is USR000, USR001, USR002, and
so on.
5)
To change the user waypoint name, follow the procedure for modifying a user
waypoint.
EXPORT A FLIGHT PLAN TO AN SD CARD
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EICAS
Flight
Instruments
Flight Planning
1)
Insert the SD card into the top card slot on the MFD.
2)
Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page on the MFD.
3)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the Flight Plan Catalog Page.
4)
Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
5)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the flight plan to be exported.
6)
Press the EXPORT Softkey.
7)
Press the ENT Key to confirm the export.
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
NOTE: See the Annunciations & Alerts section for flight plan export message
descriptions.
38
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Procedures
Flight
Instruments
PROCEDURES
LOAD AND ACTIVATE A DEPARTURE PROCEDURE
EICAS
3)
Press the ENT Key. The cursor is displayed in the ‘DEPARTURE’ field with a
list of available departures.
4)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the desired departure.
5)
Press the ENT Key. A list of runways may be displayed for the departure. If
so, turn either FMS Knob to select the desired runway.
6)
Press the ENT Key. The cursor is displayed in the ‘TRANSITION’ field with a
list of available transitions.
7)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the desired transition.
8)
Press the ENT Key.
9)
With ‘LOAD?’ highlighted, press the ENT Key. The departure is active when
the flight plan is active.
Flight
Planning
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘SELECT DEPARTURE’.
Hazard
Avoidance
Press the FPL Key for the MFD to display the active flight plan.
2)
Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
3)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the desired waypoint within the
departure.
4)
Select the ACT LEG Softkey. A confirmation window showing the selected
leg is displayed.
5)
With ‘ACTIVATE’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
Additional
Features
1)
Abnormal
Operation
Annun/
Alerts
LOAD AN ARRIVAL PROCEDURE
Press the PROC Key.
2)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘SELECT ARRIVAL’.
3)
Press the ENT Key. The cursor is displayed in the ‘ARRIVAL’ field with a list
of available arrivals.
Appendix
1)
39
Index
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
Procedures
ACTIVATE A DEPARTURE LEG
190-01842-01 Rev. A
GPS Nav
2)
AFCS
Press the PROC Key.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
1)
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EICAS
Flight
Instruments
Procedures
4)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the desired arrival.
5)
Press the ENT Key. A list of transitions is displayed for the selected arrival.
6)
Turn either FMS Knob to select the desired transition.
7)
Press the ENT Key. A list of runways may be displayed for the selected
arrival.
8)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the desired runway.
9)
Press the ENT Key.
10) With ‘LOAD?’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
AFCS
11) The arrival becomes part of the active flight plan.
GPS Nav
12) If an altitude associated with a waypoint in an arrival procedure is to be
used to calculate vertical guidance perform the following steps:
a) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
c) Press the ENT Key to designate the altitude for use in giving vertical
guidance.
ACTIVATE AN ARRIVAL LEG
1)
Press the FPL Key to display the active flight plan.
2)
Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
3)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the desired waypoint within the
arrival.
4)
Select the ACT LEG Softkey. A confirmation window showing the selected
leg is displayed.
5)
With ‘ACTIVATE’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
LOAD AND/OR ACTIVATE AN APPROACH PROCEDURE
NOTE: If certain GPS parameters (SBAS, RAIM, etc.) are not available, some
published approach procedures for the desired airport may not be displayed
in the list of available approaches.
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
b) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the desired waypoint altitude.
40
1)
Press the PROC Key.
2)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘SELECT APPROACH’.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Procedures
Press the ENT Key. A list of available approaches for the destination airport
is displayed.
4)
Turn either FMS Knob to highlight the desired approach.
5)
Press the ENT Key. A list of available transitions for the selected approach
procedure is now displayed.
EICAS
6)
Turn either FMS Knob to select the desired transition. The “Vectors”
option assumes vectors will be received to the final course segment of
the approach and will provide navigation guidance relative to the final
approach course.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
7)
Press the ENT Key. The cursor moves to the MINIMUMS field.
8)
If desired, the DA/MDA for the selected approach procedure may be
entered and displayed on the PFD. Turn the small FMS Knob in the
direction of the green arrow to change the display from OFF to BARO or
TEMP COMP.
9)
Press the ENT Key. The cursor moves to the altitude field. Turn the small
FMS Knob to enter the published DA/MDA for the selected approach
procedure.
Flight
Instruments
3)
AFCS
GPS Nav
Flight
Planning
Procedures
Hazard
Avoidance
10) Press the ENT Key. If BARO, or OFF was selected step 8, proceed to step
11. If TEMP COMP was selected in step 8, the cursor moves to the ‘TEMP
AT....” field. Turn the small FMS Knob to enter the temperature at the
destination airport. The temperature compensated altitude minimum is
displayed below the previously enter minimum altitude value.
Additional
Features
Abnormal
Operation
11) Press the ENT Key. ‘LOAD? or ACTIVATE?’ is now displayed with ‘LOAD?’
highlighted.
12) Turn the large FMS Knob to select either ‘LOAD?’ or ‘ACTIVATE?’.
Annun/
Alerts
Selecting ‘LOAD?’ enters the selected approach procedure into the active
flight plan, but is not currently active. Selecting ‘ACTIVATE?’ enters the
selected approach procedure into the active flight plan and activates the
first leg of the approach.
Appendix
13) Press the ENT Key.
Index
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
41
ACTIVATE AN APPROACH IN THE ACTIVE FLIGHT PLAN
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
2)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘ACTIVATE APPROACH’.
3)
Press the ENT Key.
1)
Press the PROC Key.
2)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘ACTIVATE VECTOR-TO-FINAL’.
3)
Press the ENT Key.
4)
The final approach course becomes the active leg.
ACTIVATE A MISSED APPROACH IN THE ACTIVE FLIGHT PLAN
1)
Press the PROC Key.
2)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘ACTIVATE MISSED APPROACH’.
3)
Press the ENT Key. A confirmation window is displayed.
4)
With ‘ACTIVATE’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
Or:
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
Press the PROC Key.
Press the go-around button:
TEMPERATURE COMPENSATED ALTITUDE
When temperature compensated altitude is enabled for the loaded approach, the
altitudes associated with the approach waypoints are displayed in slanted text.
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
1)
ACTIVATE A VECTOR TO FINAL APPROACH FIX
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EICAS
Flight
Instruments
Procedures
Index
Altitudes Displayed Without
Temperature Compensation
42
Altitudes Displayed With
Temperature Compensation
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Procedures
EICAS
Use the small FMS Knob to select the temperature at the <airport>. The
compensated altitude is computed as the temperature is selected.
Press the ENT Key. ‘ACTIVATE COMPENSATION?’ is highlighted.
6)
Press the ENT Key. The compensated altitudes for the approach are
AFCS
5)
GPS Nav
shown in the flight plan.
Flight
Planning
Disabling temperature compensated altitude:
1) From the Active Flight Plan Page, press the MENU Key. The Page Menu is
displayed.
2) Turn the FMS Knob to highlight ‘Temperature Compensation’.
3) Press the ENT Key. The TEMPERATURE COMPENSATION Window is
displayed.
4) Press the ENT Key. ‘CANCEL COMPENSATION?’ is highlighted.
Procedures
Press the ENT Key. The temperature compensated altitude at the FAF
is cancelled.
Hazard
Avoidance
5)
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
4)
Flight
Instruments
Enabling temperature compensated altitude:
1) From the Active Flight Plan Page, press the MENU Key. The Page Menu is
displayed.
2) Turn the FMS Knob to highlight ‘Temperature Compensation’.
3) Press the ENT Key. The TEMPERATURE COMPENSATION Window is
displayed.
Additional
Features
Abnormal
Operation
Annun/
Alerts
Appendix
Index
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
43
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EICAS
Flight
Instruments
Procedures
Blank Page
44
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Hazard Avoidance
Flight
Instruments
HAZARD AVOIDANCE
CUSTOMIZING THE HAZARD DISPLAYS ON THE NAVIGATION MAP
With the Navigation Map Page displayed, press the MENU Key to display
the Navigation Map Page Menu. The cursor flashes on the ‘Map Setup’
option.
2)
Press the ENT Key. The Map Setup Menu is displayed. Turn the small FMS
Knob to select ‘Weather’ to customize the display of weather features.
Select ‘Traffic’ to customize the display of traffic.
3)
Press the small FMS Knob to return to the Navigation Map Page.
EICAS
1)
AFCS
Symbol
Abnormal
Operation
Lightning Age
Strike is less than 6 seconds old
Additional
Features
Select the STRMSCP Softkey. Select the STRMSCP Softkey again to
remove Stormscope Lightning Data from the Navigation Map Page.
Hazard
Avoidance
2)
Strike is between 6 and 60 seconds old
Index
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
Appendix
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Annun/
Alerts
Strike is between 1 and 2 minutes old
Strike is between 2 and 3 minutes old
Selecting the ‘cell’ or ‘strike’ mode on the Navigation Map:
1) Press the MENU Key.
2) With ‘Map Setup’ selected, press the ENT Key.
3) Select the ‘Weather’ group.
4) Press the ENT Key. The cursor flashes on ‘STRMSCP LTNG’.
Procedures
Select the MAP Softkey.
Flight
Planning
Displaying Stormscope Lightning Data on the Navigation Map Page
GPS Nav
WARNING: Do not rely on information from the lightning detection system
display as the sole basis for hazardous weather avoidance. Range limitations
and interference may cause the system to display inaccurate or incomplete
information. Refer to documentation from the lightning detection system
manufacturer for detailed information about the system.
1)
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
STORMSCOPE® (OPTIONAL)
45
EICAS
Flight
Instruments
Hazard Avoidance
5)
Turn the large FMS Knob to select ‘STRMSCP MODE’.
6)
Turn the small FMS Knob to change between ‘CELL’ and ‘STRIKE’ options.
When an item is selected, press the ENT Key.
7)
Press the FMS knob to return to the Navigation Map Page.
1)
Press the MENU Key.
2)
Select ‘Clear Stormscope® Lightning’.
3)
Press the ENT Key.
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Manually clearing Stormscope data on the Navigation Map:
NOTE: If heading input is lost, strikes and/or cells must be cleared manually
GPS Nav
after the execution of each turn. This is to ensure that the strike and/or cell
positions are depicted accurately in relation to the nose of the aircraft.
Procedures
Flight
Planning
Stormscope Page
1)
Turn the large FMS Knob until the Map Page group is selected.
2)
Turn the small FMS Knob until the Stormscope Page is selected.
1)
Select the Stormscope Page.
2)
Select the MODE Softkey. The CELL and STRIKE softkeys are displayed.
3)
Select the CELL Softkey to display ‘CELL’ data or select the STRIKE Softkey
to display ‘STRIKE’ data. ‘CELL’ or ‘STRIKE’ is displayed in the mode box in
the upper left corner of the Stormscope Page.
4)
Select the BACK Softkey to return to the Stormscope Page.
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Change the Stormscope Lightning Mode Between ‘Cell’ and ‘Strike’
Annun/
Alerts
NOTE: “Cell mode” uses a clustering program to identify clusters of electrical
activity that indicate cells.
Index
Appendix
Change the Viewing Mode Between 360˚ and 120˚
1)
Select the Stormscope Page.
2)
Select the VIEW Softkey. The 360 and ARC Softkeys are displayed. Select
the 360 Softkey to display a 360˚ viewing area or select the ARC Softkey to
display a 120˚ viewing area.
Select the CLEAR Softkey to remove all Stormscope lightning data from the
display.
46
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Hazard Avoidance
GPS Nav
Press the MAP Softkey.
2)
Press the NEXRAD and/or XM LTNG Softkey to display the desired
weather. Press the applicable softkey again to remove weather data from
the Navigation Map Page.
3)
Winds Aloft can be displayed in the Profile View by selecting the PROFILE
Softkey.
Flight
Planning
1)
Hazard
Avoidance
3)
Press the WX Softkey to display METAR and TAF text (METAR and TAF
information is updated every 12 minutes).
Annun/
Alerts
Appendix
Viewing the Weather Data Link (XM) Page:
1) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the Map Page Group.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the Weather Data Link (XM or CNXT)
Page.
3) If the page title contains ‘CNXT’, it will be necessary to change the data link
weather source from Garmin Connext to SiriusXM Weather. Refer to the
next procedure to change the source.
Abnormal
Operation
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the Airport Information Page.
Additional
Features
2)
Procedures
Display METAR and TAF information on the Airport Information Page
Turn the large FMS Knob to select the WPT Page Group.
AFCS
Displaying SiriusXM on the Navigation Map Page
1)
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
WARNING: Do not use the indicated data link weather product age to determine the age of the weather information shown by the data link weather
product. Due to time delays inherent in gathering and processing weather
data for data link transmission, the weather information shown by the data
link weather product may be significantly older than the indicated weather
product age.
EICAS
WARNING: Do not use data link weather information for maneuvering in, near
or around areas of hazardous weather. Information contained within data
link weather products may not accurately depict current weather conditions.
Flight
Instruments
SIRIUSXM WEATHER (OPTIONAL)
Index
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
47
Hazard Avoidance
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EICAS
Flight
Instruments
Changing the weather data link source (SiriusXM or Garmin Connext):
1) If necessary, turn the large FMS Knob to select the Map Page Group.
2) If necessary, turn the small FMS Knob to select the Weather Data Link (XM
or CNXT) Page.
3) Press the MENU Key.
4) If necessary, turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘Display XM Weather’
or ‘Display Connext Weather’ and press the ENT Key. Weather Data Link
Page title and softkeys change to correspond to selected data link weather
source.
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
Displaying Weather on the Weather Data Link Page
1)
Turn the large FMS Knob to select the Map Page Group.
2)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the Weather Data Link Page.
3)
Press the available softkeys to select the desired SiriusXM Weather product.
4)
Press the LEGEND Softkey to view the legends for the selected products. If
necessary, turn either FMS Knob to scroll through the list. Press the small
FMS Knob or the ENT Key to return to the map.
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Map Panning Information – Weather Data Link Page
1)
Push in the Joystick to display the panning arrow.
2)
Move the Joystick to place the panning arrow on AIRMETs, TFRs, METARs,
SIGMETs, PIREPs or AIREPs.
3)
Press the ENT Key to display pertinent information for the selected product.
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Note that pressing the ENT Key when panning over an AIRMET or a
SIGMET displays an information box that shows the text of the report.
Panning over an airport with METAR information does not display more
information but allows the user to press the ENT Key and select that
Airport’s Information Page to display the text of the report. Pressing the
ENT Key when panning over a TFR displays TFR specific information.
48
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Hazard Avoidance
Wx Product
Status Icons
Flight
Instruments
SiriusXM Weather Products and Symbols
Description
EICAS
NEXRAD - Available for the US and Canada. The age of the displayed data
for each is shown at the right.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
ECHO TOP - The age of the displayed data is shown at the right. Not
displayed when CLOUD TOP is displayed.
AFCS
CLOUD TOP - The age of the displayed data is shown at the right. Not
displayed when ECHO TOP is displayed.
XM LIGHTNING - The age of the displayed data is shown at the right.
GPS Nav
CELL MOVEMENT - The age of the displayed data is shown at the right.
SIGMET & AIRMET - The age of the displayed data for each is shown at the
right.
Flight
Planning
METAR - Available for the US and Canada. The age of the displayed data for
each is shown at the right.
Procedures
Annun/
Alerts
COUNTY WARNING - The age of the displayed data is shown at the right.
Index
AIREP - The age of the displayed data is shown at the right.
PIREP - The age of the displayed data is shown at the right. Urgent Pireps
are displayed in yellow.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
Appendix
CYCLONE WARNING - The age of the displayed data is shown at the right.
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Abnormal
Operation
WINDS ALOFT - Available for the US and Canada. The age of the displayed
data for each is shown at the right. The altitude selection is shown at the
bottom.
Additional
Features
FREEZING LEVEL - The age of the displayed data is shown at the right.
Hazard
Avoidance
SURFACE ANALYSIS with CITY FORECAST - The upper symbol depicts
Surface Analysis. The lower symbol depicts City Forecast. The age of the
displayed data for each is shown at the right. The selected forecast period is
shown at the bottom.
49
Hazard Avoidance
Flight
Instruments
Wx Product
Status Icons
Description
EICAS
TURBULENCE - The age of the displayed data is shown at the right. The
altitude selection is shown at the bottom.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
ICING POTENTIAL - The age of the displayed data is shown at the right.
The altitude selection is shown at the bottom.
AFCS
CONNEXT WEATHER (OPTIONAL)
GPS Nav
WARNING: Do not use data link weather information for maneuvering in,
near or around areas of hazardous weather. Information contained within data
link weather products may not accurately depict current weather conditions.
Weather data is provided when the pilot initiates either a manual or automatic
Connext data request on the Connext Weather Data Link Page on the MFD. No
weather data is displayed until the first Connext Weather Data Request is made.
Registering with Garmin Flight Data Services
A subscriber account must be established prior to receiving Connext Weather
products. Contact Garmin Flight Data Services at https://fly.garmin.com/fly-garmin/
support/applications/satelliteservices/ or by calling 1-866-739-5687 in the United
States or (011) 913-440-1135.
After a subscriber account has been established, the system must be registered
for data link features such as reporting services or Connext Weather. Registration is
accomplished by entering the required access code. This process is only performed
when initially setting up the system for Connext services.
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
WARNING: Do not use the indicated data link weather product age to
determine the age of the weather information shown by the data link weather
product. Due to time delays inherent in gathering and processing weather
data for data link transmission, the weather information shown by the data
link weather product may be significantly older than the indicated weather
product age.
50
1)
With the aircraft outside and having a clear view of the sky, turn the large
FMS Knob on the MFD to select the AUX page group.
2)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the AUX-SYSTEM STATUS. Note the
System ID number in the AIRFRAME field.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Hazard Avoidance
4)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the MAP-WEATHER DATA LINK (CNXT)
Page.
5)
Press the MENU Key. If necessary, select ‘Display GFDS Weather’.
6)
Press ENT Key. The ‘GARMIN FLIGHT DATA SERVICE REGISTRATION’
Window is now displayed.
7)
Press the MENU Key. The Page Menu window is now displayed.
8)
Using the FMS Knob enter the access code obtained from Garmin Flight
Data Services in the ACCESS CODE field.
9)
Press the ENT Key. REGISTER will now be highlighted.
EICAS
Turn the large FMS Knob to select the MAP Page group.
Flight
Instruments
3)
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
AFCS
GPS Nav
10) Press the ENT Key. System registration is complete when ‘REGISTERED’ is
displayed in the STATUS field.
Accessing Connext Weather Products
Abnormal
Operation
Annun/
Alerts
Appendix
Index
51
Additional
Features
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
Hazard
Avoidance
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Procedures
Changing the weather data link source (Garmin Connext or SiriusXM):
1) If necessary, turn the large FMS Knob to select the Map Page Group.
2) If necessary, turn the small FMS Knob to select the Weather Data Link (XM
or CNXT) Page.
3) Press the MENU Key.
4) If necessary, turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘Display Connext
Weather’ or ‘Display XM Weather’ and press the ENT Key. Weather Data
Link Page title and softkeys change to correspond to selected data link
weather source.
When a weather product is selected for display on the Connext Weather Data Link
Page, a box containing a symbol for the product and its age (in minutes) are shown
in the upper right. If weather data has not been requested, ‘N/A’ is shown next to the
Flight
Planning
Viewing the Weather Data Link (CNXT) Page:
1) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the Map Page Group.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the Weather Data Link (XM or CNXT)
Page.
3) If the page title contains ‘XM’, it will be necessary to change the data link
weather source from SiriusXM Weather to Garmin Connext Weather. Refer
to the next procedure to change the source.
product symbol instead of age. The age of the weather product is based on the time
difference between when the data was assembled on the ground and the current GPS
time. Weather products are updated continuously or refreshed at specific intervals
(defined in the Refresh Rate column in the following table).
If for any reason, a weather product is not refreshed within the defined Expiration
Time intervals, the data is considered expired and is removed from the display. The
age of the expired product is replaced by dashes. If more than half of the expiration
time has elapsed, the color of the product age readout changes to yellow.
The refresh rate represents the interval at which the GFDS servers make available
the most current known weather data. It does not necessarily represent the rate at
which new content is received from weather sources.
Expiration
Time
(Minutes)
Refresh Rate
(Minutes)
Radar Precipitation
(PRECIP)
30
U.S.: 3*
Canada: 3*†
Europe: 15
Australia: 15ˆ
Infrared Satellite
(IR SAT)
60
30
Garmin Connext Data Link Lightning
(DL LTNG)
30
Continuous
SIGMETs/AIRMETs
(SIG/AIR)
60
Continuous
Meteorological Aerodrome Report
(METARs)
90
Continuous
Winds Aloft
(WIND)
90
Continuous
Pilot Weather Report
(PIREPs)
90
Continuous
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EICAS
Flight
Instruments
Hazard Avoidance
Garmin Connext Weather
Product
Symbol
Temporary Flight Restrictions (TFRs)
no product image
60
Continuous
Terminal Aerodrome Reports (TAFs)
no product image
60
Continuous
* The composite precipitation image is updated every 3 minutes, but individual radar sites may take
between 3 and 10 minutes to provide new data.
†
Canadian radar precipitation data provided by Environment Canada.
ˆ Australian radar precipitation data provided by the Australia Bureau of Meteorology
Garmin Connext Weather Product Symbols and Data Timing
52
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Hazard Avoidance
AFCS
GPS Nav
Flight
Planning
Procedures
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
Abnormal
Operation
Select the Connext Weather Data Link Page.
2)
Select the LEGEND Softkey to display the legends for the displayed
weather products.
3)
Turn the FMS Knob to scroll through the legends if more are available than
fit in the window.
4)
To remove the Legend Window, select the LEGEND Softkey, the ENT or the
CLR Key, or press the FMS Knob.
Annun/
Alerts
1)
Index
53
Appendix
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Viewing Legends for Displayed Connext Weather Products
190-01842-01 Rev. A
EICAS
Restoring default Weather Data Link (CNXT) Page settings
1) Select the Weather Data Link (CNXT) Page.
2) Press the MENU Key.
3) With ‘Weather Setup’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to select ‘PRODUCT GROUP 1’ or ‘PRODUCT
GROUP 2’, and press the ENT Key.
5) Highlight the product group name (to restore default settings to the entire
product group) or an individual weather product, then press the ENT Key.
6) Highlight ‘Restore All Defaults’ or ‘Restore Selection Default’, and press the
ENT Key.
Flight
Instruments
Setting up and customizing the Weather Data Link (CNXT) Page
1) Select the Weather Data Link (CNXT) Page.
2) Press the MENU Key.
3) With ‘Weather Setup’ highlighted, press the ENT Key (Figure 6-58).
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to select ‘PRODUCT GROUP 1’ or ‘PRODUCT
GROUP 2’, and press the ENT Key.
5) Turn the large FMS Knob or press the ENT Key to scroll through product
selections.
6) Turn the small FMS Knob to scroll through options for each product (ON/
OFF, maximum map range settings, etc.).
7) Press the ENT Key to select an option.
8) Press the FMS Knob or CLR Key to return to the Weather Data Link (CNXT)
Page with the changed settings.
Hazard Avoidance
1)
Select the Navigation Map Page.
2)
Press the MENU Key.
3)
With ‘Map Setup’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
4)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the ‘Weather’ Group and press the ENT
Key.
5)
Turn the large FMS Knob or press the ENT Key to scroll through product
selections.
6)
Turn the small FMS Knob to scroll through options for each product (ON/
OFF, range settings).
7)
Press the ENT Key to select an option.
8)
Press the FMS Knob or CLR Key to return to the Navigation Map Page with
the changed settings.
Connext Weather Data Requests
The Connext Data Request window provides the flight crew with the options to
define the requested weather coverage area(s), choose automatic weather update
intervals (if desired), and the ability to send or cancel weather data requests. The
window also displays the status of the Connext data request process.
Requesting Connext Weather Data Manually
1)
Select the Connext Weather Data Link Page.
2)
Press the MENU Key.
3)
With ‘GFDS Weather Request’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
4)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the desired coverage option(s)
and press the ENT Key to check or uncheck one of more of the following
coverage selections:
•
PRESENT POSITION – Requests data based on current location.
•
DESTINATION – Requests data based on active flight plan destination
(if the flight plan contains no destination, dashes ‘------” are displayed.)
•
FPL – Requests data based on active flight plan. Turn the small FMS
Knob to select the desired flight plan look-ahead distance option (or
choose ‘REMAINING FPL’ to request the remainder of the flight plan).
•
WAYPOINT – Requests data based on any valid waypoint.
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EICAS
Flight
Instruments
Setting Up and Customizing Weather Data for the Navigation Map
Page
54
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Hazard Avoidance
5)
Turn the large FMS Knob highlight to the ‘DIAMETER / RTE WIDTH’
distance field and turn the small FMS Knob to select the desired diameter
and route width of the request, then press the ENT Key.
Flight
Instruments
6)
Turn the large FMS Knob until the ‘SEND REQ’ button is highlighted. Press
the ENT Key to initiate the request immediately or press the FMS Knob to
return to the Connext Data Link Page without requesting data.
EICAS
Procedures
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
Auto update retry: ##
Seconds
The system will attempt another automatic weather data request after
an error occurred during the previous request. Timer counts down
until the next automatic request occurs.
GFDS Comm Error [2]
A communications error has occurred with the GIA. The system should
be serviced.
GFDS Comm Error [4]
This occurs if multiple automatic weather data requests have recently
failed, or the GDL 59 or a GIA is off-line.
GFDS Comm Error [5]
The Iridium or GFDS networks are not accessible. Check Iridium signal
strength. If this error persists, the system should be serviced.
Abnormal
Operation
The system has disabled automatic weather data requests due to
excessive errors. Automatic weather data requests have stopped.
Send a manual weather data request to resume automatic updates.
Appendix
Index
55
Annun/
Alerts
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
Flight
Planning
Auto requests inhibited
Send manual request to
reset.
190-01842-01 Rev. A
GPS Nav
Description
AFCS
Weather Request
Status Message
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
During a Connext Data Request, the Request Status box initially displays “Contacting
GFDS...”. Once a connection is established, the Request Status Box displays “Receiving
Wx Data... Time Remaining:” with an estimated data transfer time (either minutes or
seconds). If desired, the Connext Data Request window may be closed while the
data request is processing by pressing the FMS Knob; the data request will continue
to process in the background. Connext Data Requests typically take between 1 to 4
minutes to complete depending on the size of the selected weather coverage area and
Iridium signal strength.
The system retrieves all available Connext Weather products within the selected
coverage area during an initial Connext Data Request, regardless of which products (if
any) are currently enabled for display. On subsequent requests, previously retrieved
textual data (such as METARs and TAFs) is retained if it has not expired, while new
textual weather data matching the current coverage area and all graphical weather data
is downloaded during every data request.
If the system cannot complete a Connext weather data request, one or more
messages will appear in the request status window as shown in the following table.
Weather Request
Status Message
Description
GFDS Comm Error [6]
A communications error has occurred. It this error persists, the system
should be serviced.
GFDS Comm Error [7]
A weather data transfer has timed out. Check Iridium signal strength
and re-send the data request.
GFDS Comm Error [8]
A server error has occurred or invalid data received.
GFDS Login Invalid
There is a problem with the GFDS registration. Contact Garmin Flight
Data Services at 1-866-739-5687 in the United States or (011) 913-4401135 for assistance.
GFDS Server Temporarily
Inop
The GFDS weather data server is temporarily out of service, but is
expected to return to service in less than 30 minutes.
GFDS Server Inop
The GFDS weather data server will be out of service for at least 30
minutes.
Invalid Coverage Area
The weather data request coverage area does not contain at least one
of the following: a waypoint, a flight plan, or a flight plan destination.
Verify at least one of the coverage options is enabled (checked) and
contains required criteria, then re-send the data request.
No GFDS Subscription
The system is not be currently subscribed to GFDS, or the access
code is incorrect. Verify the access code. Contact Garmin Flight Data
Services at 1-866-739-5687 in the United States or (011) 913-440-1135
for assistance.
Reduce Request Area
The GFDS weather data request area exceeds size limits. Reduce
weather coverage area and re-send data request.
Request Cancelled
The user has cancelled a GFDS weather data request.
Requested area too large.
Reduce coverage area.
The size of the GFDS weather data request has exceeded limits.
Reduce the size of the coverage area and try the weather data request
again.
Request Failed - Try Again
The weather data request timed-out. Re-send data request.
Transfer Preempted
The data link is busy. Retry request later.
Cancelling a Connext Weather Data Request in Progress
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EICAS
Flight
Instruments
Hazard Avoidance
56
1)
Select the Connext Weather Data Link Page.
2)
Press the MENU Key.
3)
With ‘GFDS Data Request’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Hazard Avoidance
Turn the large FMS Knob to select ‘CANCEL REQ’ and press the ENT Key.
The request status box indicates ‘Request Cancelled’.
5)
Press the FMS Knob to return to the Connext Weather Data Link Page.
Flight
Instruments
4)
EICAS
Enabling Automatic Connext Data Requests
Select the Connext Weather Data Link Page.
2)
Press the MENU Key.
3)
With ‘GFDS Weather Request’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
4)
Choose the desired weather coverage options.
5)
Turn the large FMS Knob to select the ‘UPDATE RATE’ setting. Then turn
the small FMS Knob to highlight the desired automatic update frequency
(OFF, 5 Min, 10 Min, 15 Min, 20 Min, 25 Min, 30 Min, 45 Min, or 60 Min),
then press the ENT Key.
6)
The ‘SEND REQ” button is highlighted and a countdown timer is displayed
in the ‘REQUEST STATUS’ based on the currently selected update rate.
Press the ENT Key to immediately send an immediate Connext Data
Request.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
1)
Procedures
Hazard
Avoidance
Select the MAP Softkey (for the PFD Inset Map, select the INSET Softkey).
This step is not necessary on the Connext Weather Data Link Page.
2)
Select the PRECIP Softkey.
57
Index
1)
Appendix
Displaying Precipitation Weather Information
Annun/
Alerts
NOTE: Precipitation data cannot be displayed on the Navigation Map Page
at the same time as terrain.
Abnormal
Operation
Precipitation data is not real-time. The lapsed time between collection, processing,
and dissemination of radar images can be significant and may not reflect the current
radar synopsis. Due to the inherent delays and the relative age of the data, it should
be used for long-range planning purposes only.
Additional
Features
Precipitation
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
Flight
Planning
Connext Weather Products
190-01842-01 Rev. A
GPS Nav
Press the FMS Knob to return to the Connext Weather Data Link Page.
AFCS
Or:
Radar data shown represents lowest level, base reflectivity, of radar returns. The
display of the information is color-coded to indicate the weather severity level. All
weather product legends can be viewed on the Connext Weather Data Link Page. For
the Precipitation legend, select the LEGEND Softkey when Precipitation is selected
for display.
Precipitation Limitations
Radar images may have certain limitations:
• Radar base reflectivity does not provide sufficient information to determine cloud
layers or precipitation characteristics (wet hail vs. rain). For example, it is not
possible to distinguish between wet snow, wet hail, and rain.
• Radar base reflectivity is sampled at the minimum antenna elevation angle. An
individual radar site cannot depict high altitude storms at close ranges. It has
no information about storms directly over the site.
• When zoomed in to a range of 30 nm, each square block on the display represents
an area of four square kilometers.
The following may cause abnormalities in displayed radar images:
• Ground clutter
• Strobes and spurious radar data
• Sun strobes (when the radar antenna points directly at the sun)
• Interference from buildings or mountains, which may cause shadows
• Metallic dust from military aircraft, which can cause alterations in radar scans
Infrared Satellite
Infrared Satellite (IR SAT) data depicts cloud top temperatures from satellite
imagery. Brighter cloud top colors indicate cooler temperatures occurring at higher
altitudes.
Displaying Cloud Tops information
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EICAS
Flight
Instruments
Hazard Avoidance
1)
Select the Connext Weather Data Link Page.
2)
Select the IR SAT Softkey.
To display the Infrared Satellite legend, select the LEGEND Softkey when Infrared
Satellite data is selected for display.
Data Link Lightning
Lightning data shows the approximate location of cloud-to-ground lightning strikes.
A strike icon represents a strike that has occurred within a two-kilometer region.
58
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Hazard Avoidance
Select the MAP Softkey (for the PFD Inset Map, select the INSET Softkey).
This step is not necessary on the Connext Weather Data Link Page.
2)
Select the DL LTNG Softkey.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
1)
EICAS
Displaying Data Link Lightning information
Flight
Instruments
Neither cloud-to-cloud nor the exact location of the lightning strike is displayed.
If the aircraft is also equipped with an on-board lightning detection system (e.g.,
L-3 WX-500 Stormscope®), only one lightning product may be enabled for display at
a time.
AFCS
SIGMETs and AIRMETs
The entire SIGMET or AIRMET is displayed as long as any portion of it is occurring
within the coverage area of the Connext data request.
GPS Nav
Displaying SIGMETs and AIRMETs
Select the Connext Weather Data Link Page.
2)
Select the SIG/AIR Softkey.
3)
To view the text of the SIGMET or AIRMET, press the RANGE Knob and move
the Map Pointer over the icon.
4)
Press the ENT key.
Procedures
1)
2)
Press the RANGE Knob and pan to the desired airport.
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
Index
On the Connext Weather Data Link Page, select the METAR Softkey.
Appendix
Displaying METAR and TAF text
Annun/
Alerts
METAR and TAF text are displayed on the WPT-Weather Information Page. TAF
information is displayed in its raw form when it is available.
Abnormal
Operation
NOTE: METAR information is only displayed within the installed navigation
database service area.
Additional
Features
METARs and TAFs
Hazard
Avoidance
To display the SIGMET and AIRMET legend, select the LEGEND Softkey when
SIGMETs and AIRMETs are selected for display.
1)
Flight
Planning
To display the Data Link Lightning legend on the Connext Weather Data Link Page,
select the LEGEND Softkey when Data Link Lightning is selected for display.
59
3)
Press the ENT Key. The Weather Information Page is shown with METAR
and TAF text.
4)
Use the FMS Knob or the ENT Key to scroll through the METAR and TAF
text. METAR text must be completely scrolled through before scrolling
through the TAF text.
5)
Press the FMS Knob or the CLR Key to return to the Connext Weather Data
Link Page.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EICAS
Flight
Instruments
Hazard Avoidance
Or:
AFCS
1)
Select the Weather Information Page.
a) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the Waypoint Page Group.
GPS Nav
Press the FMS Knob to display the cursor.
3)
Use the FMS Knob to enter the desired airport and press the ENT Key.
4)
Use the FMS Knob or the ENT Key to scroll through the METAR and TAF
text. Note that the METAR text must be completely scrolled through before
scrolling through the TAF text.
To display the METAR legend on the Connext Weather Data Link Page, select the
LEGEND Softkey when METARs are selected for display.
Winds Aloft
Winds Aloft data shows the forecasted wind speed and direction at the surface and
at selected altitudes. Altitude can be displayed in 3,000-foot increments up to 42,000
feet MSL.
Displaying Winds Aloft data
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
2)
Flight
Planning
b) Select the WX Softkey to select the Weather Information Page.
1)
Select the Connext Weather Data Link Page.
2)
Select the MORE WX Softkey.
3)
Select the WIND Softkey.
4)
Select the desired altitude level: SFC (surface) up to 42,000 feet. Select
the NEXT or PREV Softkey to cycle through the altitude softkeys. The WIND
Softkey label changes to reflect the altitude selected.
To display the Winds Aloft legend, select the LEGEND Softkey when Winds Aloft
is selected for display.
60
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Hazard Avoidance
Select the PIREPS Softkey.
4)
Press the RANGE Knob and pan to the desired weather report. A gray
circle will appear around the weather report when it is selected.
5)
Press the ENT Key. The PIREP text is first displayed in a decoded fashion,
then as raw text.
6)
Use the FMS Knob or the ENT Key to scroll through the PIREP text.
7)
Press the FMS Knob or the CLR Key to close the PIREP text window and
return to the Connext Weather Data Link Page.
The PIREP color is determined by the type (routine or urgent).
Additional
Features
TRAFFIC SYSTEMS
Hazard
Avoidance
To display the PIREP or AIREP legend, select the LEGEND Softkey when PIREPs
or AIREPs are selected for display.
Procedures
3)
Flight
Planning
Select the MORE WX Softkey.
GPS Nav
2)
AFCS
Select the Connext Weather Data Link Page.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
1)
EICAS
Displaying PIREP text
Flight
Instruments
PIREPs
Pilot Weather Reports (PIREPs) describe in-flight weather encountered by pilots.
A PIREP may contain unforecast adverse weather conditions, such as low in-flight
visibility, icing conditions, wind shear, turbulence, and type of aircraft flown. PIREPs
are issued as either Routine (UA) or Urgent (UUA).
Annun/
Alerts
Appendix
WARNING: Do not rely solely upon the display of traffic information to
accurately depict all of the traffic within range of the aircraft. Due to lack
of equipment, poor signal reception, and/or inaccurate information from
aircraft or ground stations, traffic may be present that is not represented on
the display. .
Abnormal
Operation
WARNING: Do not rely solely upon the display of traffic information for
collision avoidance maneuvering. The traffic display does not provide collision
avoidance resolution advisories and does not under any circumstances or
conditions relieve the pilot’s responsibility to see and avoid other aircraft.
Index
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
61
Hazard Avoidance
EICAS
Flight
Instruments
• If Traffic information Service (TIS) is configured, STANDBY, OPERATE, and
TNA MUTE softkeys are displayed.
• If a Traffic Advisory System (TAS) or a Traffic Collision Avoidance System (TCAS)
is configured, STANDBY, NORMAL, TEST, and ALT MODE softkeys are
displayed.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Traffic Symbol
Description
Non-Threat Traffic
(intruder is beyond 5 nm and greater than 1200’ vertical separation)
AFCS
Proximity Advisory (PA) (Not available with TIS system)
(intruder is within 5 nm and less than 1200’ vertical separation)
GPS Nav
Traffic Advisory (TA)
(closing rate, distance, and vertical separation meet TA criteria)
Flight
Planning
Traffic Advisory Off Scale
Procedures
TAS/TCAS I Symbol Description
Symbol
Description
Hazard
Avoidance
Traffic Advisory with ADS-B directional information. Points in the direction of the
intruder aircraft track.
Additional
Features
Proximity Advisory with ADS-B directional information. Points in the direction of
the aircraft track.
Abnormal
Operation
Non-threat traffic with ADS-B directional information. Points in the direction of
the intruder aircraft track.
Traffic with ADS-B directional information, but positional accuracy is degraded.
Points in the direction of the aircraft track.
Annun/
Alerts
TAS/TCAS I Traffic with ADS-B Symbology
Appendix
Traffic Information Service (TIS)
Index
NOTE: If the G1000 is configured to use an optional Traffic Advisory System
(TAS), TIS is not available for use.
NOTE: Traffic Information Service (TIS) is only available when the aircraft is
within the service volume of a TIS capable terminal radar site.
62
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Hazard Avoidance
3)
Press the OPERATE Softkey to begin displaying traffic. ‘OPERATING’ is
displayed in the Traffic Mode field.
4)
Press the STANDBY Softkey to place the system in the Standby Mode.
‘STANDBY’ is displayed in the Traffic Mode field.
5)
Rotate the Joystick clockwise to display a larger area or rotate counterclockwise to display a smaller area.
6)
Press the TNA MUTE Softkey to mute the “Traffic Not Available” aural
alert.
GPS Nav
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the Traffic Map Page.
AFCS
2)
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Turn the large FMS Knob to select the Map Page Group.
EICAS
1)
Flight
Instruments
Displaying Traffic on the Traffic Map Page
Displaying Traffic on the Navigation Map
Ensure TIS is operating. With the Navigation Map displayed, press the
MAP Softkey.
2)
Press the TRAFFIC Softkey. Traffic is now displayed on the map.
Flight
Planning
1)
Procedures
Hazard
Avoidance
Traffic Advisory System (TAS) or Traffic Collision Avoidance System
(TCAS1) (Optional)
System Self Test
2)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the Traffic Map Page.
3)
Turn the Joystick to set the range to 2/6 nm to allow for full traffic test
pattern display.
4)
Select the TEST Softkey.
Abnormal
Operation
Turn the large FMS Knob to select the Map Page Group.
Additional
Features
1)
Index
1)
Turn the large FMS Knob to select the Map Page Group.
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
Appendix
Displaying Traffic on the Traffic Map Page
Annun/
Alerts
Self test will take approximately eight seconds to complete. When
completed successfully, traffic symbols will be displayed and a voice alert
appropriate for the installed system will be heard indicating the test passed
(see Annunciations & Alerts section). If the self test fails, the system will
revert to Standby Mode and a voice alert appropriate for the installed
system will be heard indicating the test failed.
63
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EICAS
Flight
Instruments
Hazard Avoidance
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the Traffic Map Page.
3)
Select the OPERATE Softkey to begin displaying traffic. ‘OPERATING’ is
displayed in the Traffic mode field.
4)
Select the STANDBY Softkey to place the system in the Standby mode.
‘STANDBY’ is displayed in the Traffic mode field.
5)
Turn the Joystick clockwise to display a larger area or counter-clockwise to
display a smaller area.
AFCS
Displaying Traffic on the Navigation Map
1)
Ensure TAS is operating.
2)
With the Navigation Map displayed, press the MAP Softkey.
3)
Press the TRAFFIC Softkey. Traffic is now displayed on the map.
TERRAIN AND OBSTACLE PROXIMITY
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
2)
Procedures
WARNING: Do not use Terrain Proximity information for primary terrain avoidance. Terrain Proximity is intended only to enhance situational awareness.
Hazard
Avoidance
NOTE: Terrain data is not displayed when the aircraft is outside the installed
terrain database coverage area.
1)
Turn the large FMS Knob to select the Map Page Group.
2)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the Terrain Proximity Page.
3)
If desired, press the VIEW Softkey to access the ARC and 360 Softkeys.
When the ARC Softkey is pressed, a radar-like 120° view is displayed. Press
the 360 Softkey to return to the 360° default display.
4)
Rotate the Joystick clockwise to display a larger area or rotate counterclockwise to display a smaller area.
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Displaying Terrain and Obstacles on the Terrain Proximity Page
Appendix
Color
Red
Index
Yellow
Black
64
Terrain/Obstacle Location
Terrain/Obstacle above or within 100’ below current aircraft altitude.
Terrain/Obstacle between 100’ and 1000’ below current aircraft altitude.
Terrain/Obstacle is more than 1000’ below aircraft altitude.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Hazard Avoidance
Additional
Features
If desired, press the VIEW Softkey to access the ARC and 360 softkeys.
When the ARC Softkey is selected, a radar-like 120° view is displayed.
Press the 360 Softkey to return to the 360° default display.
4)
Rotate the Joystick clockwise to display a larger area or rotate counterclockwise to display a smaller area.
Appendix
3)
Annun/
Alerts
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the Terrain-SVS Page.
Abnormal
Operation
2)
Hazard
Avoidance
Turn the large FMS Knob to select the Map Page Group.
Procedures
Display Terrain on the TERRAIN-SVS Page
1)
Flight
Planning
NOTE: Terrain data is not displayed when the aircraft is outside the installed
terrain database coverage area.
GPS Nav
NOTE: Terrain-SVS is only available when the Synthetic Vision Technology
(SVT) option is installed and the TAWS-B option has not been installed.
AFCS
WARNING: Do not use Terrain-SVS information for primary terrain avoidance.
Terrain-SVS is intended only to enhance situational awareness.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
WARNING: Use appropriate primary systems for navigation, and for terrain,
obstacle, and traffic avoidance. Garmin SVS is intended as an aid to situational awareness only and may not provide either the accuracy or reliability
upon which to solely base decisions and/or plan maneuvers to avoid terrain,
obstacles, or traffic.
EICAS
TERRAIN-SVS (OPTIONAL)
Flight
Instruments
Displaying terrain and obstacle information (maps other than the
Terrain Proximity Page):
1) Select the MAP Softkey (for the PFD Inset Map, press the INSET Softkey).
2) Select the TERRAIN Softkey to display terrain and obstacle data.
3) Terrain and obstacles may be displayed in the Profile View by selecting the
PROFILE Softkey.
Index
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
65
Hazard Avoidance
Flight
Instruments
Color
Red
Yellow
Terrain/Obstacle above or within 100’ below current aircraft altitude.
Terrain/Obstacle between 100’ and 1000’ below current aircraft altitude.
EICAS
Black
Terrain/Obstacle is more than 1000’ below aircraft altitude.
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Enabling/Disabling Aviation Data
1)
While the Terrain-SVS Page is displayed, press the MENU Key.
2)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select “Show (or Hide) Aviation Data”.
3)
Press the ENT Key.
GPS Nav
Terrain-SVS Inhibit
Procedures
Flight
Planning
Inhibiting/enabling Terrain-SVS alerting:
1) Select the Terrain-SVS Page.
2) Select the INHIBIT Softkey to inhibit or enable Terrain-SVS (choice
dependent on current state).
Hazard
Avoidance
NOTE: If Terrain-SVS alerts are inhibited when the Final Approach Fix is the
active waypoint in a GPS SBAS approach, a LOW ALT annunciation may appear
on the PFD next to the altimeter if the current aircraft altitude is at least 164
feet below the prescribed altitude at the Final Approach Fix.
TERRAIN AWARENESS & WARNING SYSTEM (TAWS-B) DISPLAY (OPTIONAL)
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Terrain/Obstacle Location
Annun/
Alerts
WARNING: Do not use TAWS information for primary terrain and obstacle
avoidance. TAWS is intended only to enhance situational awareness.
Appendix
NOTE: Terrain data is not displayed when the aircraft is outside the installed
terrain database coverage area.
Index
NOTE: TAWS-B operation is only available when the G1000 is configured for
a TAWS-B installation.
66
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Hazard Avoidance
While the TAWS-B Page is displayed, press the MENU Key.
2)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select ‘Test TAWS’.
3)
Press the ENT Key. During the test ‘TAWS TEST’ is displayed in the center
of the TAWS-B Page.
EICAS
1)
Flight
Instruments
Manual System Test
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
When all is in working order, “TAWS System Test, OK” is heard.
AFCS
Displaying the TAWS-B Page:
1) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the Map Page Group.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the TAWS-B Page.
GPS Nav
Changing the TAWS-B Page view:
1) Select the VIEW Softkey.
2) Select the 360 or ARC Softkey to select the desired view.
Flight
Planning
Red
Black
Terrain/Obstacle above or within 100’ below current aircraft altitude.
Terrain/Obstacle between 100’ and 1000’ below current aircraft altitude.
Additional
Features
Yellow
Terrain/Obstacle Location
Hazard
Avoidance
Color
Procedures
Showing/hiding aviation information on the TAWS-B Page:
1) Press the MENU Key.
2) Select ‘Show Aviation Data’ or ‘Hide Aviation Data’ (choice dependent on current
state) and press the ENT Key.
Terrain/Obstacle is more than 1000’ below aircraft altitude.
Abnormal
Operation
Showing/hiding aviation information on the TAWS-B Page:
1) Press the MENU Key.
2) Select ‘Show Aviation Data’ or ‘Hide Aviation Data’ (choice dependent on current
state) and press the ENT Key.
Annun/
Alerts
TAWS Inhibit
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
67
Index
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Appendix
NOTE: If TAWS-B alerts are inhibited when the Final Approach Fix is the active
waypoint in a GPS SBAS approach, a LOW ALT annunciation may appear on
the PFD next to the altimeter if the current aircraft altitude is at least 164
feet below the prescribed altitude at the Final Approach Fix.
Hazard Avoidance
EICAS
Flight
Instruments
Inhibiting/enabling TAWS-B PDA and FLTA alerting:
1) Select the TAWS-B Page.
2) Select the INHIBIT Softkey to inhibit or enable TAWS (choice dependent on
current state).
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
AIRBORNE COLOR WEATHER RADAR
AFCS
WARNING: Begin transmitting only when it is safe to do so. If it is desired to
transmit while the aircraft is on the ground, no personnel or objects should
be within 11 feet of the antenna.
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
CAUTION: In Standby Mode, the antenna is parked at the center line. It
is always a good idea to put the radar in Standby Mode before taxiing the
aircraft to prevent the antenna from bouncing on the bottom stop and possibly
causing damage to the radar assembly.
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Displaying Weather on the Weather Radar Page
1)
Select the Weather Radar Page in the Map Page Group with the FMS Knob.
2)
Select the MODE Softkey.
3)
While on the ground, select the STANDBY Softkey. A one-minute warm-up
period is initiated (countdown is displayed on the screen). After the warmup is complete, the radar enters the Standby Mode.
Additional
Features
a) Select the WEATHER Softkey. A confirmation window is displayed.
Abnormal
Operation
b) Turn the small FMS Knob to highlight YES and press the ENT Key to
continue radar activation.
Or:
4)
Turn the Joystick to select the desired map range.
5)
The horizontal scan is initially displayed. If desired, select the VERTICAL
Softkey to change to vertical scanning.
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
If the aircraft is airborne, select the WEATHER Softkey. A 1 minute warmup period is initiated (countdown is displayed on the screen). After the
warm-up is complete, the radar begins transmitting.
68
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Hazard Avoidance
EICAS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Move the Joystick up or down to adjust the tilt of the antenna up or down.
Monitor the displayed tilt value in the TILT field.
When scanning vertically, a Tilt Line may be displayed to aid in positioning the tilt
of the antenna. If the Tilt Line is not displayed, perform the following steps:
1) Press the MENU Key
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to select ‘Show Tilt Line’.
3) Press the ENT Key.
Flight
Instruments
Adjusting Antenna Tilt
AFCS
Adjusting Antenna Bearing
4)
Turn the Joystick to adjust the range.
5)
To select a new area to be vertically scanned, press the HORIZON Softkey
to return to the Horizontal Scan view and repeat the previous steps.
Annun/
Alerts
Move the Joystick right or left to move the scanned “slice” a few degrees
right or left.
Abnormal
Operation
3)
Additional
Features
Press the VERTICAL Softkey. A vertical ‘slice’ of the selected area will now
be displayed.
Hazard
Avoidance
2)
Procedures
1) While in the Horizontal Scan view, move the Joystick to place the Bearing
Line on the desired storm cell, or other area, to be vertically scanned.
Flight
Planning
Vertically Scanning a Storm Cell
GPS Nav
Move the Joystick right or left to adjust the azimuth position of the antenna right
or left. Monitor the displayed bearing value in the BEARING field.
When scanning horizontally, a Bearing Line may be displayed to aid in positioning
the antenna for the vertical scan. If the Bearing Line is not displayed, perform the
following steps:
1) Press the MENU Key
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to select ‘Show Bearing Line’.
3) Press the ENT Key.
Appendix
Index
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
69
Hazard Avoidance
Flight
Instruments
Adjusting Gain
1)
Press the GAIN Softkey to activate the cursor in the ‘GAIN’ field.
2)
Turn the small FMS Knob to adjust the gain for the desirable level. The
gain setting is visible in the gain field as a movable horizontal bar in
a flashing box. The line pointer is a reference depicting the calibrated
position.
3)
Press the FMS Knob to remove the cursor.
4)
Press the GAIN Softkey again to recalibrate the gain. ‘CALIBRATED’ will be
displayed in the ‘GAIN’ field.
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EICAS
WARNING: Changing the gain in Weather Mode will cause precipitation
intensity to be displayed as a color not representative of the true intensity.
Remember to return the gain setting to ‘Calibrated’ for viewing the actual
intensity of precipitation.
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Ground Mapping
1)
Press the MODE Softkey.
2)
Press the GROUND Softkey to place the radar in Ground Map Mode.
3)
Press the BACK Softkey.
Sector Scan
While in the Horizontal Scan Mode, move the Joystick right or left to place
the Bearing Line in the desired position. The location of the Bearing Line
will become the center point of the Sector Scan.
2)
Press the FMS Knob to display the cursor.
3)
Turn the large FMS Knob to place the cursor in the SECTOR SCAN field.
4)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select FULL, 60˚, 40˚, or 20˚ scan.
5)
If desired, readjust the Bearing Line with the Joystick to change the center
of the Sector Scan.
6)
Press the FMS Knob to remove the cursor.
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
1)
70
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Hazard Avoidance
2)
Press the STAB ON Softkey to activate antenna stabilization or press the
STAB OFF Softkey to deactivate. The current stabilization condition is
shown in the upper right of the weather radar display.
Flight
Planning
Procedures
Automatic Standby
When the weather radar system is in the Weather or Ground Map Mode, upon
landing the system will automatically switch to Standby Mode.
GPS Nav
Weather Alert
To activate or deactivate Weather Alert, press the WX ALRT Softkey. Activating and
deactivating also enables or inhibits the alert on the PFD.
AFCS
Weather Attenuated Color Highlight (WATCH®)
To activate or deactivate the WATCH® feature, press the WATCH Softkey. This
feature is only available in the Horizontal Scan Mode.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
To activate or deactivate the antenna stabilization, press the MODE
Softkey.
EICAS
1)
Flight
Instruments
Antenna Stabilization
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
Abnormal
Operation
Annun/
Alerts
Appendix
Index
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
71
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EICAS
Flight
Instruments
Hazard Avoidance
Blank Page
72
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Additional Features
Flight
Instruments
ADDITIONAL FEATURES
SYNTHETIC VISION
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
Abnormal
Operation
Annun/
Alerts
Appendix
Index
73
Procedures
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
Flight
Planning
190-01842-01 Rev. A
GPS Nav
Activating and deactivating SVT:
1) Select the PFD Softkey.
2) Select the SYN VIS Softkey.
3) Select the SYN TERR Softkey. The SVT display will cycle on or off with the
SYN TERR Softkey.
AFCS
Synthetic Vision System (SVS) functionality is offered as an optional enhancement
to the G1000 Integrated Flight Deck System.
SVS is primarily comprised of a computer-generated forward-looking, attitude
aligned view of the topography immediately in front of the aircraft from the pilot’s
perspective. SVS information is shown on the primary flight display (PFD).
SVS offers a three-dimensional view of terrain and obstacles. Terrain and
obstacles that pose a threat to the aircraft in flight are shaded yellow or red.
In addition to SVS enhancement to the PFD, the following feature enhancements
have been added to the PFD:
• Pathways
• Flight Path Marker
• Horizon Heading Marks
• Traffic Display
• Airport Signs
• Runway Display
• Terrain Alerting
• Obstacle Alerting
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
WARNING: Do not use SVT runway depiction as the sole means for
determining the proximity of the aircraft to the runway or for maintaining
the proper approach path angle during landing.
EICAS
WARNING: Use appropriate primary systems for navigation, and for terrain,
obstacle, and traffic avoidance. SVS is intended as an aid to situational awareness only and may not provide either the accuracy or reliability upon which
to solely base decisions and/or plan maneuvers to avoid terrain, obstacles,
or traffic.
Additional Features
EICAS
Flight
Instruments
Activating and deactivating Pathways:
1) Select the PFD Softkey.
2) Select the SYN VIS Softkey.
3) Select the PATHWAY Softkey. The Pathway feature will cycle on or off with
the PATHWAY Softkey.
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Activating and deactivating Horizon Headings:
1) Select the PFD Softkey.
2) Select the SYN VIS Softkey.
3) Select the HRZN HDG Softkey. The horizon heading display will cycle on or
off with the HRZN HDG Softkey.
TERMINAL PROCEDURE CHARTS
NOTE: With the availability of SafeTaxi®, ChartView, or FliteCharts®, it may
be necessary to carry another source of charts on-board the aircraft.
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
Activating and deactivating Airport Signs:
1) Select the PFD Softkey.
2) Select the SYN VIS Softkey.
3) Select the APTSIGNS Softkey. Display of airport signs will cycle on or off
with the APTSIGNS Softkey.
SafeTaxi®
SafeTaxi® gives greater map detail as the map range is adjusted in on the airport.
The airport display on the map reveals runways with numbers, taxiways identifiers, and
airport landmarks including ramps, buildings, control towers, and other prominent
features. Resolution is greater at lower map ranges. The aircraft symbol provides
situational awareness while taxiing.
Pressing the DCLTR Softkey (declutter) once removes the taxiway markings and
airport identification labels. Pressing the DCLTR Softkey twice removes VOR station
ID, the VOR symbol, and intersection names if within the airport plan view. Pressing
the DCLTR Softkey a third time removes the airport runway layout, unless the airport
in view is part of an active route structure. Pressing the DCLTR Softkey again cycles
back to the original map detail.
74
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Additional Features
Select the DP, STAR, APR, WX, and NOTAM softkeys to access charts for
departures, arrivals, approaches, weather and NOTAMs Note that NOTAMS
are only available with ChartView.
3)
Select the GO BACK Softkey to return to the previous page.
While viewing the Active Flight Plan Page, press the FMS Knob to activate
the cursor.
2)
Turn the large FMS Knob to select the departure airport, destination
airport, departure, arrival, or approach.
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
75
Index
1)
Appendix
View Charts from the Active Flight Plan Page
Annun/
Alerts
2)
Abnormal
Operation
Move the map pointer to point to a desired point on the map and select the
SHW CHRT Softkey.
Additional
Features
Or:
Hazard
Avoidance
Select the SHW CHRT Softkey when displayed.
Procedures
1)
Flight
Planning
View Charts from the Navigation Map Page
GPS Nav
FliteCharts® resemble the paper version of AeroNav Services terminal procedures
charts. The charts are displayed with high-resolution and in color for applicable
charts. Current aircraft position is not displayed on FliteCharts.
The FliteCharts database contains procedure charts for the United States only.
This database is updated on a 28-day cycle. If not updated within 180 days of the
expiration date, FliteCharts will no longer function.
AFCS
FliteCharts®
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
ChartView resembles the paper version of Jeppesen terminal procedures charts.
The charts are displayed in full color with high-resolution. The MFD depiction shows
the aircraft position on the moving map in the plan view of most approach charts and
on airport diagrams.
The ChartView database is updated on a 14-day cycle. If the ChartView database is
not updated within 70 days of the expiration date, ChartView will no longer function.
EICAS
ChartView
Flight
Instruments
The SafeTaxi database contains detailed airport diagrams for selected airports.
These diagrams provide the pilot with situational awareness by displaying the aircraft
position in relation to taxiways, ramps, runways, terminals, and services. This
information should not be used by the pilot as the basis for maneuvering the aircraft
on the ground. This database is updated on a 56-day cycle.
Flight
Instruments
Additional Features
EICAS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
AFCS
GPS Nav
Flight
Planning
Procedures
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
Select the SHW CHRT Softkey. The appropriate chart is displayed, if
available for the item selected.
4)
Select the GO BACK Softkey to return to the previous page.
Change Day/Night View
1)
While viewing a chart press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu
OPTIONS.
2)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the ‘Chart Setup’ Menu Option and
press the ENT Key.
3)
Turn the large FMS Knob to move between the ‘FULL SCREEN’ and ‘COLOR
SCHEME’ Options.
4)
Turn the small FMS Knob to choose between the ‘On’ and ‘Off’ Full Screen
Options.
5)
Turn the small FMS Knob to choose between ‘Day’, ‘Auto’, and ‘Night’
Options.
6)
In Auto Mode, turn the large FMS Knob to select the percentage field and
change percentage with the small FMS Knob. The percentage of change is
the day/night crossover point based on backlighting intensity.
7)
Press the FMS Knob when finished to remove the Chart Setup Menu.
AIRPORT DIRECTORY
The Aircraft Owners and Pilots Association (AOPA) and optional AC-U-KWIK
Airport Directory add enhanced airport information when viewing airports on the
WPT-Airport Information Page.
Both Airport Directories are available for downloading at flygarmin.com. However,
copy only one of the databases to the Supplemental Data Card. The system cannot
recognize both databases simultaneously.
Selecting the Airport Directory Page:
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
3)
76
1)
Turn the large FMS Knob to select the ‘WPT’ page group.
2)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the AIRPORT INFORMATION Page.
Initially, information for the airport closest to the aircraft’s present position
is displayed.
3)
If necessary, select the INFO softkey until INFO-2 is displayed.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Additional Features
EICAS
Operation of these features in the cockpit is accomplished through the AUX-TELEPHONE and AUX-TEXT MESSAGING Pages. For operation using the cabin handset,
consult the instructions provided with the handset.
Flight
Instruments
SATELLITE TELEPHONE AND SMS MESSAGING
Registering With Garmin Connext
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
AFCS
A subscriber account must be established prior to using the Iridium Satellite System. Before setting up an Iridium account, obtain the serial number of the Iridium
Transceiver (GSR1, if installed) and the System ID by selecting the AUX- SYSTEM
STATUS Page. Contact Garmin Connext at www.flygarmin.com.
Telephone Communication
Hazard
Avoidance
External
Phone
Procedures
Internal
Phone
Description
Additional
Features
Phone is Idle
Abnormal
Operation
Phone is ringing
Annun/
Alerts
Phone has a dial tone (off hook) or connected to another phone
Appendix
Phone dialed is busy
Index
Phone is dialing another phone
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
Flight
Planning
Viewing the Telephone Page:
1) Turn the large FMS Knob on the MFD to select the AUX page group.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to select SATELLITE PHONE.
3) If necessary, press the TEL Softkey to display the AUX-TELEPHONE Page.
GPS Nav
The pilot or copilot can place and answer calls on the Iridium satellite network.
Control and monitoring of telephone functions are accomplished through the AUXTELEPHONE Page.
77
Flight
Instruments
Additional Features
EICAS
Phone has failed
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Phone status not known
AFCS
Phone is disabled
GPS Nav
Phone is reserved for data transmission
Calling other phone or incoming call from other phone
Flight
Planning
Other phone is on hold
Procedures
Phones are connected
Enable/Disable the Iridium Telephone System
Hazard
Avoidance
The Iridium Satellite Telephone System may be turned on or off by
using the page menu.
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Enabling the Iridium telephone system:
1) With the AUX-TELEPHONE Page displayed, select the MENU Key on the
MFD to display the Page Menu.
2) Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘Enable Iridium Transmission’.
3) Press the ENT Key.
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Disabling the Iridium telephone system:
1) With the AUX-TELEPHONE Page displayed, select the MENU Key on the
MFD to display the Page Menu.
2) Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘Disable Iridium Transmission’.
3) Press the ENT Key.
78
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Additional Features
Press the
2)
Select the ANSWER Softkey on the MFD.
AFCS
Key on the audio panel.
GPS Nav
Or:
While viewing the AUX-TELEPHONE Page:
Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu.
3)
Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘Answer Incoming Call’.
Key on the audio panel.
Annun/
Alerts
2)
Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘Disable Incoming Call Alerts’.
3)
Press the ENT Key. The voice and pop-up alert will not be displayed now
when an incoming call is received.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
Index
With the AUX-TELEPHONE Page displayed, press the MENU Key on the
MFD to display the Page Menu.
Appendix
1)
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Abnormal
Operation
Disabling incoming call alerts:
Additional
Features
4) Press the ENT Key.
Selecting the IGNORE Softkey will extinguish the pop-up window and leave the
current call unanswered. Selecting the IGNRE ALL Softkey will extinguish the popup window for the current and all future incoming calls and leave the current call
unanswered. Selecting the TEL Softkey will display the AUX-TELEPHONE Page allowing additional call information to be viewed before answering.
Hazard
Avoidance
2)
Procedures
Press the
Flight
Planning
NOTE: The Push-to-Talk switch is not utilized for telephone communication.
The microphone is active after selecting the ANSWER Softkey, and stays active
until the call is terminated.
1)
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
1)
EICAS
Answering an incoming call in the cockpit:
Flight
Instruments
Incoming Calls
When viewing MFD pages other than the AUX-TELEPHONE Page, a pop-up alert
similar to the following figure will be displayed and an aural alert “Incoming Call” will
be heard. The pop-up alert may be inhibited at times, such as during takeoff. In addition to the pop-up alert, a ringing phone symbol will be displayed to the right of the
MFD page title as shown in the following figure. Also, the voice alert “Incoming Call”
will be heard on the selected cockpit audio.
79
Outgoing Calls
Voice calls can be made from the cockpit to an external phone through the Iridium
Satellite Network.
EICAS
Flight
Instruments
Additional Features
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
NOTE: The Push-to-Talk switch is not utilized for telephone communication.
The microphone is active after selecting the ANSWER Softkey, and stays active
until the call is terminated.
AFCS
Making a call:
1)
Press the
2)
Select the DIAL Softkey on the MFD.
Key on the audio panel.
GPS Nav
Or:
While viewing the AUX-TELEPHONE Page:
Flight
Planning
a) Press the
Key on the audio panel.
b) Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu.
Procedures
c) Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘Dial a Phone Call’.
d) Press the ENT Key.
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
3)
Enter the desired telephone number by selecting the number softkeys on
the MFD or by pressing the numeric keys on the MFD Control Unit. The
International dialing sequence is necessary to place a call from the cockpit
to an external phone: Country Code + City/Area Code (if any) + Telephone
Number.
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
The following country codes may be used when calling other satellite
telephone systems.
80
Satellite System
Country Code
Inmarsat
870
ICO
8810 or 8811
Ellipso
8812 or 8813
Iridium
8816 or 8817
Globalstar
8818 or 8819
4)
Press the ENT Key. ‘OK’ is highlighted.
5)
Press the ENT Key. The system will begin calling the number.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Additional Features
EICAS
Placing a call on hold:
Select the HOLD Softkey on the MFD.
Or:
1) Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu.
2) Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘Put Current Call On Hold’.
3) Press the ENT Key.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
AFCS
The cockpit phone is now isolated from the call. Select the HOLD
Softkey again to resume the call.
GPS Nav
Text Messaging (SMS)
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
Abnormal
Operation
Description
Procedures
Viewing the Text Messaging Page:
1) Turn the large FMS Knob on the MFD to select the AUX page group.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the SATELLITE PHONE.
3) If necessary, select the SMS Softkey to display the AUX-TEXT MESSAGING
Page as shown in the following figure.
Flight
Planning
The pilot or copilot can send and receive text messages on the Iridium satellite
network. Messages may be sent to an email address or text message capable cellular
telephone. Message length is limited to 160 characters, including the email address.
The text messaging user interface is mainly through the AUX-TEXT MESSAGING
Page.
Message Symbol
Flight
Instruments
When the phone is answered, the connection is established. To exit the call, select
the HANGUP Softkey.
Received text message that has not been opened
Annun/
Alerts
Received text message that has been opened
Appendix
Saved text message, draft not sent
Index
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
81
Additional Features
Flight
Instruments
Message Symbol
Description
EICAS
System is sending text message
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Text message has been sent
AFCS
System failed to send text message
Viewing a Text Message When Received
When viewing MFD pages other than the AUX-TEXT MESSAGING Page, a popup alert similar to the following figure will be displayed when a new text message is
received.
Select the VIEW Softkey to view the message. Selecting the IGNORE Softkey will
extinguish the pop-up window and leave the text message unopened. Selecting the
IGNR ALL Softkey will extinguish the pop-window and ignore all future incoming
text messages. Selecting the SMS Softkey will display the AUX-TEXT MESSAGING
Page.
The pop-up alerts may be enabled or disabled through the Page Menu.
Enabling/disabling incoming text message pop-up alerts:
1) With the AUX-TEXT MESSAGING Page displayed, press the MENU Key on
the MFD to display the Page Menu.
2) Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘Disable New Message
Popups’ or ‘Enable New Message Popups’.
3) Press the ENT Key. The pop-up alert will not be displayed when an
incoming text message is received.
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
Predefined text message
Index
Replying to a text message:
While viewing the text message, select the REPLY Softkey.
Or:
82
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Additional Features
Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu.
2)
Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘Reply To Message’.
3)
Press the ENT Key.
Flight
Instruments
1)
EICAS
Sending a new text message:
1) While viewing the AUX-TEXT MESSAGING Page, select the NEW Softkey.
Or:
a) Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu.
b) Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘Draft New Message’.
c) Press the ENT Key.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
AFCS
4)
Enter the desired message using any combination of entry methods as
described in step 2.
5)
Press the ENT Key.
6)
Select the SEND Softkey to send the message immediately, or select the
SAVE Softkey to save the message in Outbox for sending at a later time.
Select the CANCEL Softkey to delete the message.
Hazard
Avoidance
Press the ENT Key. The cursor is now displayed in the ‘MESSAGE’ field.
Additional
Features
Appendix
Index
Turn either FMS Knob to select ‘Edit Predefined Messages’.
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
Annun/
Alerts
Creating a predefined text message:
1) While viewing the AUX-TEXT MESSAGING Page, press the MENU Key to
display the Page Menu.
Abnormal
Operation
Predefined Text Messages
Time and effort can be saved in typing text messages that are used repeatedly by
saving these messages as a predefined message.
2)
Procedures
3)
Flight
Planning
The TEXT MESSAGE DRAFT Window is now displayed with the cursor in the
‘TO’ field. Enter the desired telephone number or email address. Entry can
be accomplished through the alphanumeric keys on the MFD Controller,
or combination of the FMS Knob on the controller and softkeys on the
MFD. The FMS Knob is used to enter letters and numbers, or numbers
can be entered from the MFD by selecting the NUMBERS Softkey. Select
the CAP LOCK Softkey to create upper and lower case alpha characters.
Special characters can be accessed by selecting the SYMBOLS Softkey.
GPS Nav
2)
83
Flight
Instruments
Additional Features
3)
Press the ENT Key. The PREDEFINED MESSAGES view is now displayed.
4)
Select the NEW Softkey.
Or:
EICAS
a) Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
b) Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘Draft New Predefined
Message’.
5)
The cursor is displayed in the ‘TITLE’ field. Enter the desired message title.
Entry can be accomplished through the alphanumeric keys on the MFD
Controller, or combination of the FMS Knob on the controller and softkeys
on the MFD. The FMS Knob is used to enter letters and numbers, or
numbers can be entered from the MFD by selecting the NUMBERS Softkey.
Select the CAP LOCK Softkey to create upper and lower case alpha
characters. Special characters can be accessed by selecting the SYMBOLS
Softkey.
6)
Press the ENT Key. The cursor is now displayed in the ‘MESSAGE’ field.
7)
Enter the desired message using any combination of entry methods as
described in step 5.
8)
Press the ENT Key.
9)
Select the SAVE Softkey. The new predefined message is now shown in
the displayed list. Selecting the CANCEL Softkey will delete the message
without saving.
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
c) Press the ENT Key. The PREDEFINED SMS TEXT MESSAGE Window is
now displayed.
Abnormal
Operation
10) Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu.
11) Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘Stop Editing Predefined
Message’.
Annun/
Alerts
12) Press the ENT Key.
Index
Appendix
Sending a predefined text message:
1) While viewing the AUX-TEXT MESSAGING Page, select the NEW Softkey.
2) The TEXT MESSAGE DRAFT Window is now displayed with the cursor in the
‘TO’ field. Enter the desired telephone number or email address. Entry can
be accomplished through the alphanumeric keys on the MFD Controller, or
combination of the FMS Knob on the controller and softkeys on the MFD.
84
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Additional Features
Flight
Instruments
The FMS Knob is used to enter letters and numbers, or numbers can be
entered from the MFD by selecting the NUMBERS Softkey. Select the CAP
LOCK Softkey to create upper and lower case alpha characters. Special
characters can be accessed by selecting the SYMBOLS Softkey.
EICAS
4)
Select the PREDEFD Softkey. The PREDEFINED MESSAGE MENU Window is
displayed.
5)
Turn either FMS Knob to select the desired predefined message.
6)
Press the ENT Key. The predefined message text is inserted into the
message field. If desired, the message can be edited by using the FMS
Knobs.
7)
Press the ENT Key.
8)
Select the SEND Softkey to transmit the message.
AFCS
Press the ENT Key. The cursor is now displayed in the ‘MESSAGE’ field.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
3)
GPS Nav
Flight
Planning
Showing Inbox messages:
While viewing the AUX-TEXT MESSAGING Page, select the ARRANGE
Softkey, then select the INBOX Softkey.
Or:
1) Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu.
2) Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘Show Inbox Messages’.
3) Press the ENT Key. The message box selected for viewing is indicated at
the bottom left of the list window.
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
Abnormal
Operation
Annun/
Alerts
Index
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
Appendix
Showing Outbox messages:
While viewing the AUX-TEXT MESSAGING Page, select the ARRANGE
Softkey, then select the OUTBOX Softkey.
Or:
1) Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu.
2) Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘Show Outbox Messages’.
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Procedures
Text Message Boxes
Received text messages reside in the Inbox as ‘Read’ or ‘Unread’ messages. The
Outbox contains ‘Sent” and ‘Unsent’ text messages. Saved messages that are meant to
be sent later are stored as Drafts. Each text message box may be viewed separately, or
together in any combination.
85
Additional Features
Flight
Instruments
3)
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EICAS
Showing Draft messages:
While viewing the AUX-TEXT MESSAGING Page, select the ARRANGE
Softkey, then select the DRAFTS Softkey.
Or:
1) Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu.
2) Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘Show Draft Messages’.
3) Press the ENT Key. The message box selected for viewing is indicated at
the bottom left of the list window.
Managing Text Messages
The viewed messages may be listed according to the date/time the message was
sent or received, the type of message (read, unread, sent, unsent, etc.), or by message
address.
Viewing messages sorted by message date/time:
While viewing the AUX-TEXT MESSAGING Page, select the ARRANGE
Softkey, then select the TIME Softkey.
Or:
1) Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu.
2) Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘Sort By Date/Time’.
3) Press the ENT Key. The sorting selection is indicated at the bottom center
of the list window.
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
Press the ENT Key. The message box selected for viewing is indicated at
the bottom left of the list window.
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Viewing messages sorted by message type:
While viewing the AUX-TEXT MESSAGING Page, select the ARRANGE
Softkey, then select the TYPE Softkey.
Or:
1) Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu.
2) Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘Sort By Type’.
3) Press the ENT Key. The sorting selection is indicated at the bottom center
of the list window.
86
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Additional Features
Flight
Instruments
Viewing messages sorted by address:
While viewing the AUX-TEXT MESSAGING Page, select the ARRANGE
Softkey, then select the ADDRESS Softkey.
Or:
1) Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu.
2) Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘Sort By Address’.
3) Press the ENT Key. The sorting selection is indicated at the bottom center
of the list window.
EICAS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Procedures
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
Abnormal
Operation
Or:
Flight
Planning
To close the text message, select the CLOSE Softkey.
GPS Nav
5)
AFCS
Viewing the content of a text message:
1) While viewing the AUX-TEXT MESSAGING Page, select the desired message
box.
2) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
3) Turn either FMS Knob to select the desired message.
4) Select the VIEW Softkey.
Or:
Press the ENT Key.
Or:
a) Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu.
b) Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘View Selected Message’.
c) Press the ENT Key. Message content is displayed.
a) Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu.
b) Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘Close Message’.
Annun/
Alerts
c) Press the ENT Key.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
Index
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Appendix
Marking selected message as read:
1) While viewing the Inbox on the AUX-TEXT MESSAGING Page, press the
FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
2) Turn either FMS Knob to select the desired message.
3) Select the MRK READ Softkey.
87
Additional Features
Flight
Instruments
Or:
a) Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu.
EICAS
b) Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘Mark Selected Message
As Read’.
c) Press the ENT Key.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
The message symbol now indicates the message has been opened.
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Marking all messages as read:
1) While viewing the Inbox on the AUX-TEXT MESSAGING Page, press the
MENU Key to display the Page Menu.
2) Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘Mark All New Messages As
Read’.
3) Press the ENT Key. A confirmation window is displayed.
4) With cursor highlighting ‘YES’, press the ENT Key. The message symbols
now indicate all the message have been opened.
SIRIUSXM SATELLITE RADIO ENTERTAINMENT
The XM Radio Page provides information and control of the audio entertainment
features of the SiriusXM Satellite Radio.
Selecting the XM Radio Page
1) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the AUX Page Group.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to select XM RADIO.
3) Select the RADIO Softkey to show the XM Radio Page where audio
entertainment is controlled.
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Deleting a message:
1) While viewing the Inbox on the AUX-TEXT MESSAGING Page, press the
FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
2) Turn either FMS Knob to select the desired message.
3) Select the DELETE Softkey.
Or:
a) Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu.
b) Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘Delete Selected Message’.
c) Press the ENT Key.
88
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Additional Features
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Selecting a channel from the channel list:
1) While on the XM Radio Page, select the CHNL Softkey.
2) Select the CH + Softkey to go up through the list in the Channel Box, or
move down the list with the CH – Softkey.
Additional
Features
Abnormal
Operation
Presets
Up to 15 channels from any category can be assigned a preset number.
Index
89
Appendix
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
Annun/
Alerts
Setting a preset channel number:
1) On the XM Radio Page, while listening to an Active Channel that is wanted
for a preset, select the PRESETS Softkey to access the first five preset
channels (PS1 - PS5).
2) Select the MORE Softkey to access the next five channels (PS6 – PS10),
and again to access the last five channels (PS11 – PS15). Selecting the
MORE Softkey repeatedly cycles through the preset channels.
3) Select any one of the (PS1 - PS15) softkeys to assign a number to the
active channel.
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Hazard
Avoidance
Selecting a category:
1) Select the CATGRY Softkey on the XM Radio Page.
2) Select the CAT + and CAT - Softkeys to cycle through the categories.
Procedures
The Category Box of the XM Radio Page displays the currently selected category
of audio.
Flight
Planning
Category
GPS Nav
Press the ENT Key to activate the selected channel.
AFCS
Selecting a channel directly:
1) While on the XM Radio Page, select the CHNL Softkey.
2) Select the DIR CH Softkey. The channel number in the Active Channel Box
is highlighted.
3) Select the numbered softkeys located on the bottom of the display to
directly select the desired channel number.
4)
EICAS
The Active Channel Box on the XM Radio Page displays the currently selected
channel. The Channels List Box of the XM Radio Page shows a list of the available
channels for the selected category.
Flight
Instruments
Active Channel and Channel List
Additional Features
Flight
Instruments
4)
Select the SET Softkey on the desired channel number to save the channel
as a preset.
EICAS
Volume
Radio volume is shown as a percentage.
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Adjusting the volume:
1) With the XM Radio Page displayed, press the VOL Softkey.
2) Press the VOL – Softkey to reduce volume or press the VOL + Softkey to
increase volume. (Once the VOL Softkey is pressed, the volume can also be
adjusted using the small FMS Knob.)
GPS Nav
Radio volume may also be adjusted at each passenger station.
1)
Select the XM Radio Page or XM Information Page.
2)
Press the MUTE Softkey to mute the audio. Press the MUTE Softkey again
to unmute the audio.
SCHEDULER
The Scheduler feature can be used to enter and display reminder messages (e.g.,
Oil Change, Switch fuel tanks, or Altimeter-Transponder Check) in the Messages
Window on the PFD. Messages can be set to display based on a specific date and time
(event), once the message timer reaches zero (one-time; default setting), or recurrently
whenever the message timer reaches zero (periodic). Message timers set to periodic
alerting automatically reset to the original timer value once the message is displayed.
When power is cycled, all messages are retained until deleted, and message timer
countdown is resumed.
Scheduler messages appear in the Alerts Window on the PFD. When a scheduler
message is waiting, the MSG Softkey flashes an Advisory. Pressing the MSG Softkey
opens the Alerts Window and acknowledges the scheduler message. The softkey label
no longer flashes after pressing the softkey. Pressing the MSG Softkey again removes
the Alerts Window from the display, and the scheduler message is deleted from the
message queue.
Entering a scheduler message:
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
Muting SiriusXM audio:
1) Select the AUX - Utility Page.
2)
90
Press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Additional Features
Use the FMS Knob to enter the message text to be displayed in the
Messages Window and press the ENT Key.
5)
Press the ENT Key again or use the large FMS Knob to move the cursor to
the field next to Type.
6)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the message type:
• Event—Message issued at the specified date/time
AFCS
• One-time—Message issued when the message timer reaches zero
(default setting)
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
4)
EICAS
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the first empty scheduler message
naming field.
Flight
Instruments
3)
• Periodic—Message issued each time the message timer reaches zero
8)
For periodic and one-time message, use the FMS Knob to enter the timer
value (HH:MM:SS) from which to countdown and press the ENT Key.
9)
For event-based messages:
Flight
Planning
Press the ENT Key again or use the large FMS Knob to move the cursor to
the next field.
Procedures
a) Use the FMS Knob to enter the desired date (DD-MM-YY) and press
the ENT Key.
Deleting a scheduler message:
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the name field of the scheduler
message to be deleted.
4)
Press the CLR Key to clear the message text. If the CLR Key is pressed
again, the message is restored.
5)
Press the ENT Key while the message line is cleared to clear the message
text.
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
Index
3)
Appendix
Press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
Annun/
Alerts
1) Select the AUX - Utility Page.
Abnormal
Operation
10) Press the ENT Key again or use the large FMS Knob to move the cursor to
enter the next message.
Additional
Features
c) Use the FMS Knob to enter the desired time (HH:MM) and press the
ENT Key.
Hazard
Avoidance
b) Press the ENT Key again or use the large FMS Knob to move the cursor
to the next field.
2)
GPS Nav
7)
91
PILOT PROFILES
Creating a profile:
1) Use the FMS Knob to select the AUX - System Setup Page.
EICAS
Flight
Instruments
Additional Features
2)
Press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘CREATE’ in the Pilot Profile Box.
4)
Press the ENT Key. A ‘Create Profile’ window is displayed.
5) Use the FMS Knob to enter a profile name up to 16 characters long and
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
press the ENT Key. Pilot profile names cannot begin with a blank as the
first letter.
6)
In the next field, use the small FMS Knob to select the desired settings
upon which to base the new profile. Profiles can be created based on
Garmin factory defaults, default profile settings (initially based on Garmin
factory defaults unless edited by the pilot), or current system settings.
7)
Press the ENT Key.
Procedures
8) With ‘CREATE’ highlighted, press the ENT Key to create the profile
Or:
Hazard
Avoidance
Use the large FMS Knob to select ‘CREATE and ACTIVATE’ and press the
ENT Key to activate the new profile.
Additional
Features
9)
To cancel the process, select ‘CANCEL’ with the large FMS Knob and press
the ENT Key.
Selecting an active profile:
Abnormal
Operation
1) Use the FMS Knob to select the AUX - System Setup Page.
2)
Press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the active profile field in the Pilot
Annun/
Alerts
Profile Box.
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to display the pilot profile list and highlight the
Appendix
desired profile.
5) Press the ENT Key. The system loads and displays the system settings for
the selected profile.
Index
Renaming a profile:
92
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Additional Features
2)
Flight
Instruments
1) Use the FMS Knob to select the AUX - System Setup 1 Page.
Press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘RENAME’ in the Pilot Profile Box.
Press the ENT Key.
EICAS
4)
5) In the ‘Rename Profile’ window, turn the FMS Knob to select the profile to
6)
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
rename.
Press the ENT Key.
7) Use the FMS Knob to enter a new profile name up to 16 characters long
AFCS
and press the ENT Key.
8) With ‘RENAME’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
To cancel the process, use the large FMS Knob to select ‘CANCEL’ and
press the ENT Key.
GPS Nav
9)
Flight
Planning
Deleting a profile:
1) Use the FMS Knob to select the AUX - System Setup 1 Page.
Press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
Procedures
2)
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘DELETE’ in the Pilot Profile Box.
Press the ENT Key.
Hazard
Avoidance
4)
5) In the ‘Delete Profile’ window, turn the FMS Knob to select the profile to
delete.
Additional
Features
6)
Press the ENT Key.
7) With ‘DELETE’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
To cancel the process, use the large FMS Knob to select ‘CANCEL’ and
press the ENT Key.
Abnormal
Operation
8)
1)
2) Use the FMS Knob to select the AUX - System Setup 1 Page.
3)
Index
Press the IMPORT softkey. If the correct Pilot Profile file is selected; with
‘IMPORT’ highlighted press the ENT Key.
Or:
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
Appendix
Insert the SD card containing the Pilot Profile(s) into the top card slot on the
MFD.
Annun/
Alerts
Importing a profile:
93
Additional Features
Flight
Instruments
If the SD card contains more than one Pilot Profile:
a) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the select file field in the Pilot
Profile Importing Box.
EICAS
b) Turn the small FMS Knob to display the pilot profile list and highlight
the desired profile to import and press the ENT Key.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
c) With ‘IMPORT’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
4)
AFCS
Exporting a profile:
GPS Nav
1)
Insert the SD card for storing the Pilot Profile into the top card slot on the
MFD.
Flight
Planning
2) Use the FMS Knob to select the AUX - System Setup 1 Page.
Procedures
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
Abnormal
Operation
Annun/
Alerts
Appendix
Index
“Pilot profile import succeeded.” is shown in the import results box. Press
the ENT Key. The imported profile becomes the active Pilot Profile.
3)
Activate the desired Pilot Profile to export. Only the active Pilot Profile can
be exported.
4)
Press the EXPORT softkey.
5)
With ‘EXPORT’ highlighted press the ENT Key.
6)
“Pilot profile export succeeded.” is shown in the export results box. Press
the ENT Key to exit the Pilot Profile Exporting Box.
ELECTRONIC STABILITY PROTECTION (ESP™)
Electronic Stability and Protection (ESP™) is an optional feature that is intended to
discourage the exceedance of attitude and established airspeed parameters. This feature
will only function when the aircraft is above 200 feet AGL and the autopilot is not engaged.
ESP engages when the aircraft exceeds one or more conditions (pitch, roll, low airspeed, and Vmo) beyond the normal flight parameters. Enhanced stability for each
condition is provided by applying a force to the appropriate control surface to return
the aircraft to the normal flight envelope. This is perceived by the pilot as resistance to
control movement in the undesired direction when the aircraft approaches a steep attitude or high airspeed.
As the aircraft deviates further from the normal attitude and/or airspeed, the force
increases (up to an established maximum) to encourage control movement in the direction necessary to return to the normal attitude and/or airspeed range. Except in
the case of high airspeed, when maximum force is reached, force remains constant up
94
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Additional Features
AFCS
GPS Nav
Flight
Planning
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the System Setup Page.
3)
If necessary, select the SETUP 2 Softkey to display the AUX-SYSTEM SETUP 2
Page. If the AUX-SYSTEM SETUP 2 is already displayed, proceed to step 4.
4)
Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
5)
Turn the large FMS Knob to place the cursor in the STABILITY &
PROTECTION field.
6)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select ‘ENABLED’ or ‘DISABLED’.
Hazard
Avoidance
2)
Procedures
Turn the large FMS Knob to select the AUX Page Group.
Additional
Features
Abnormal
Operation
7) Press the FMS Knob to remove the cursor.
ESP is automatically enabled on system power up.
Roll Engagement
Appendix
Index
95
Annun/
Alerts
Roll Limit Indicators are displayed on the roll scale at 45° right and left, indicating
where ESP will engage. As roll attitude exceeds 45°, ESP will engage and the on-side
Roll Limit Indicator will move to 30°. The Roll Limit Indicator is now showing where
ESP will disengage as roll attitude decreases.
Once engaged, ESP force will be applied between 30° and 75°. The force increases
as roll attitude increases and decreases as roll attitude decreases. The applied force
is intended to encourage pilot input that returns the airplane to a more normal roll
attitude. As roll attitude decreases, ESP will disengage at 30°.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
1)
190-01842-01 Rev. A
EICAS
Enabling or disabling ESP:
Flight
Instruments
to the maximum engagement limit. Above the maximum engagement limit, forces
are no longer applied. There is no maximum engagement related to a high airspeed
condition.
When ESP has been engaged for more than ten seconds (cumulative; not necessarily
consecutive seconds) of a 20-second interval, the autopilot is automatically engaged
with the flight director in Level Mode, bringing the aircraft into level flight. An aural
“Engaging Autopilot” alert is played and the flight director mode annunciation will
indicate ‘LVL’ for vertical and lateral modes.
The pilot can interrupt ESP by pressing and holding either the Control Wheel Steering (CWS) or Autopilot Disconnect (AP DISC) switch. Upon releasing the CWS or AP
DISC switch, ESP force will again be applied, provided aircraft attitude and/or airspeed
are within their respective engagement limits. ESP can also be overridden by overpowering the servo’s mechanical torque limit.
ESP can be enabled or disabled on the AUX-SYSTEM SETUP 2 Page on the MFD.
ESP is automatically disengaged if the aircraft reaches the autopilot roll engagement
attitude limit of 75°.
Pitch Engagement
ESP engages at 17° nose-up and 15° nose-down. Once ESP is engaged, it will apply
opposing force between 14° and 50° nose-up and between 12° and 50° nose-down,
as indicated in the following figure. Maximum opposing force is applied between 21°
and 50° nose-up and between 21° and 50° nose-down.
The opposing force increases or decreases depending on the pitch angle and the
direction of pitch travel. This force is intended to encourage movement in the pitch
axis in the direction of the normal pitch attitude range for the aircraft.
There are no indications marking the pitch ESP engage and disengage limits in
these nose-up/nose-down conditions.
High Airspeed Protection
Exceeding Vmo will result in ESP applying force to raise the nose of the aircraft.
When the high airspeed condition is remedied, ESP force is no longer applied.
ELECTRONIC CHECKLISTS
The system accesses the checklists from an SD card inserted into the card slot.
If the SD card contains an invalid checklist file or no checklist, the Power-up Page
messages display ‘Checklist File: Invalid’ or ‘Checklist File: N/A’ (not available) and the
CHKLIST Softkey is not available.
• Cyan - Items not selected or checked
• Yellow - Caution notes
Abnormal
Operation
The following colors are used for checklist items:
• White - Item is selected
• Red - Warning notes
Annun/
Alerts
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EICAS
Flight
Instruments
Additional Features
• Gray - General notes
• Green - Item has been checked
Index
Appendix
Accessing and Navigating Checklists
96
1)
From any page on the MFD (except the EIS Pages), press the CHKLIST
Softkey or turn the large FMS Knob to select the Checklist Page.
2)
Turn the large FMS Knob to select the ‘GROUP’ field.
3)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the desired procedure and press the
ENT Key.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Additional Features
Turn the large FMS Knob to select the ‘CHECKLIST’ field.
5)
Turn the FMS Knob to select the desired checklist and press the ENT Key.
The selected checklist item is indicated with white text surrounded by a
white box.
6)
Press the ENT Key or CHECK Softkey to check the selected checklist item.
The line item turns green and a checkmark is placed in the associated box.
The next line item is automatically selected for checking.
Flight
Instruments
4)
9)
Press the ENT Key to advance to the next checklist.
Procedures
Press the ENT Key. ‘GO TO NEXT CHECKLIST?’ will be highlighted by the
cursor.
Flight
Planning
8)
GPS Nav
When all checklist items have been checked, ‘*Checklist Finished*’ is
displayed in green text at the bottom left of the checklist window. If all
items in the checklist have not be checked, ‘*CHECKLIST NOT FINISHED*’
will be displayed in yellow text.
AFCS
7)
Hazard
Avoidance
10) Press the EXIT Softkey to exit the Checklist Page and return to the page
last viewed.
Accessing Emergency Procedures
From any page on the MFD (except the EIS Pages), press the CHKLIST
Softkey or turn the large FMS Knob to select the Checklist Page.
2)
Press the EMERGCY Softkey.
3)
Turn the FMS Knob to select the desired emergency checklist and press the
ENT Key.
4)
Press the ENT Key or CHECK Softkey to check the selected emergency
checklist item. The line item turns green and a checkmark is placed in the
box next to it. The next line item is automatically highlighted for checking.
Additional
Features
1)
Appendix
Index
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
Annun/
Alerts
Press the CLR Key or UNCHECK Softkey to remove a check mark from an
item.
Abnormal
Operation
Either FMS Knob can be used to scroll through the checklist and select the
desired checklist item.
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Press the CLR Key or UNCHECK Softkey to remove a check mark from an
item.
EICAS
Either FMS Knob can be used to scroll through the checklist and select the
desired checklist item.
97
When all checklist items have been checked, ‘*Checklist Finished*’ is
displayed in green text at the bottom left of the checklist window. If all
items in the checklist have not be checked, ‘*Checklist Not Finished*’ will
be displayed in yellow text.
EICAS
6)
Press the ENT Key. ‘GO TO NEXT CHECKLIST?’ will be highlighted by the
cursor.
7)
Press the ENT Key to advance to the next checklist.
8)
Press the RETURN Softkey to return to the previous checklist.
9)
Press the EXIT Softkey to exit the Checklist Page and return to the page
last viewed.
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Flight
Instruments
5)
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Additional Features
98
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Abnormal Operation
Flight
Instruments
ABNORMAL OPERATION
REVERSIONARY MODE
Procedures
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
When a COM tuning failure is detected by the system, the emergency frequency
(121.500 MHz) is automatically loaded into the active frequency field of the COM
radio for which the tuning failure was detected. In the event of a failure of both PFDs,
the emergency frequency (121.500 MHz) automatically becomes the active frequency
on both COM radios.
Flight
Planning
ABNORMAL COM OPERATION
GPS Nav
NOTE: The Piper PA-46 Meridian Pilot’s Operating Handbook (POH) always
takes precedence over the information found in this section.
AFCS
• PFD1 – By pressing the DISPLAY BACKUP Button on the left audio panel.
• MFD – By pressing the DISPLAY BACKUP Button on the left or the right
audio panel.
• PFD2 – By pressing the DISPLAY BACKUP Button on the right audio
panel.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Manual activation of reversionary display mode is accomplished by pressing the
DISPLAY BACKUP Button on the appropriate audio panel.
EICAS
If the system detects an MFD failure, reversionary mode is entered automatically.
Reversionary mode must be entered manually in the case of a PFD failure. In reversionary
mode, critical flight instrumentation is combined with engine instrumentation on the
remaining display.
Abnormal
Operation
AUDIO PANEL FAIL-SAFE OPERATION
Annun/
Alerts
Appendix
If there is a failure of the Audio Panel, a fail-safe circuit connects the pilot’s headset
and microphone directly to the COM1 transceiver and the copilot’s headset directly to
the COM2 transceiver. Audio is not available on the speakers.
In addition, the following functions are no longer available; NAV/ILS audio, speaker,
cockpit/cockpit-passengers intercom, aural warning alerts on headset, entertainment
inputs, and digital recording radio.
Index
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
99
Abnormal Operation
If GPS position is lost, or becomes invalid, selected hazards being displayed on the
Navigation Map Page are removed until GPS position is again established.
EICAS
Flight
Instruments
HAZARD DISPLAYS WITH LOSS OF GPS POSITION
UNUSUAL ATTITUDES
The PFD ‘declutters’ when the aircraft enters an unusual attitude. Only the primary
functions are displayed in these situations.
The following information is removed from the PFD (and corresponding softkeys
are disabled) when the aircraft experiences unusual attitudes:
• Traffic Annunciations
• AFCS Annunciations
• Flight director Command Bars
• Inset Map
• Temperatures
• DME Information
Window
• Wind Data
• Selected Heading Box
• Selected Course Box
• Transponder Status
Box
• System Time
• PFD Setup Menu
• Windows displayed in
the lower right corner
of the PFD:
– Timer/References
– Nearest Airports
– Flight Plan
– Messages
– Procedures
• Barometric Minimum
Descent Altitude Box
• Glideslope, Glidepath,
and Vertical Deviation
Indicators
• Altimeter Barometric
Setting
• Selected Altitude
• VNV Target Altitude
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Loss of Hazard Functions with Loss of GPS
Position
Extreme Pitch Indication
100
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Abnormal Operation
AFCS
GPS Nav
Flight
Planning
Procedures
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
Abnormal
Operation
Annun/
Alerts
Appendix
DR Mode is indicated on the G1000 by the appearance of the letters ‘DR’
superimposed in yellow over the ‘own aircraft’ symbol as shown in the following
figure. In addition, ‘DR’ is prominently displayed, also in yellow, on the HSI slightly
above and to the right of the aircraft symbol on the CDI as shown in the following
figure. The CDI deviation bar is displayed in yellow, but will be removed from the
display after 20 minutes. Lastly, but at the same time, a ‘GPS NAV LOST’ alert message
appears on the PFD.
Normal navigation using GPS/SBAS source data resumes automatically once a valid
GPS solution is restored.
It is important to note that estimated navigation data supplied by the G1000 in
DR Mode may become increasingly unreliable and must not be used as a sole means
of navigation. If, while in DR Mode, airspeed and/or heading data is also lost or
not available, the DR function may not be capable of estimating your position and,
consequently, the system may display a path that is different than the actual movement
of the aircraft. Estimated position information displayed by the G1000 through
DR while there is no heading and/or airspeed data available should not be used for
navigation.
DR Mode is inherently less accurate than the standard GPS/SBAS Mode due to the
lack of satellite measurements needed to determine a position. Changes in wind speed
and/or wind direction compounds the relative inaccuracy of DR Mode. Because of this
degraded accuracy, the crew must maintain position awareness using other navigation
equipment until GPS-derived position data is restored.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
NOTE: Dead Reckoning Mode only functions in Enroute (ENR) or Oceanic
(OCN) phase of flight. In all other phases, an invalid GPS solution produces
a “NO GPS POSITION” annunciation on the map and the G1000 stops
navigating in GPS Mode.
EICAS
While in Enroute or Oceanic phase of flight, if the G1000 detects an invalid GPS
solution or is unable to calculate a GPS position, the system automatically reverts to
Dead Reckoning (DR) Mode. In DR Mode, the G1000 uses its last-known position
combined with continuously updated airspeed and heading data (when available) to
calculate and display the aircraft’s current estimated position.
Flight
Instruments
DEAD RECKONING
Index
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
101
EICAS
Flight
Instruments
Abnormal Operation
As a result of operating in DR Mode, all GPS-derived data is computed based upon
an estimated position and is displayed as yellow text on the display to denote degraded
navigation source information. This data includes the following:
•
•
•
•
•
•
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
SUSPECTED AUTOPILOT MALFUNCTION
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Navigation Status Box fields except Active Leg, TAS, and DTK
GPS Bearing Pointer
Wind data and pointers in the Wind Data Box on the PFD
Current Track Indicator
All Bearing Pointer Distances
Active Flight Plan distances, bearings, and ETE values
Also, while the G1000 is in DR Mode, the autopilot will couple to GPS for up to 20
minutes. TAWS is also disabled. Additionally, the accuracy of all nearest information
(airports, airspaces, and waypoints) is questionable. Finally, airspace alerts continue
to function, but with degraded accuracy.
NOTE: Consult the aircraft documentation for the location of circuit breakers
as well as specifics that may supplement or amplify this procedure.
If an autopilot failure or trim failure is suspected to have occurred, perform the
following steps:
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Symbolic Aircraft
(Map pages and Inset Map)
Dead Reckoning Indications
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
CDI ‘DR’ Indication on PFD
102
1)
Firmly grasp the control wheel.
2)
Press and hold the AP DISC Switch. The autopilot will disconnect and
power is removed from the trim motor. Power is also removed from all
primary servo motors and engaged solenoids. Note the visual and aural
alerting indicating autopilot disconnect.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Abnormal Operation
4)
Pull the appropriate circuit breaker(s) to electrically isolate the servo and
solenoid components.
5)
Release the AP DISC Switch.
EICAS
Retrim the aircraft as needed. Substantial trim adjustment may be needed.
Flight
Instruments
3)
OVERPOWERING AUTOPILOT SERVOS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
AFCS
GPS Nav
Flight
Planning
Procedures
In the context of this discussion, “overpowering” refers to any pressure or force
applied to the pitch controls when the autopilot is engaged. A small amount of
pressure or force on the pitch controls can cause the autopilot automatic trim to run
to an out-of-trim condition. Therefore, any application of pressure or force to the
controls should be avoided when the autopilot is engaged.
Overpowering the autopilot during flight will cause the autopilot’s automatic trim
to run, resulting in an out-of-trim condition or cause the trim to hit the stop if the
action is prolonged. In this case, larger than anticipated control forces are required
after the autopilot is disengaged.
The following steps should be added to the preflight check:
1) Check for proper autopilot operation and ensure the autopilot can be
overpowered.
2) Note the forces required to overpower the autopilot servo clutches.
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
Abnormal
Operation
Annun/
Alerts
Appendix
Index
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
103
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EICAS
Flight
Instruments
Abnormal Operation
Blank Page
104
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Annunciations & Alerts
Flight
Instruments
ANNUNCIATIONS & ALERTS
CAS MESSAGES
Description
Alternator has failed
Bleed over temperature
Cabin altitude above 12,000 feet
Landing gear not down and locked
Cabin door is not closed
Engine fire
A flap system failure has occurred
Fuel imbalance is over 125 lbs
Fuel pressure is low
Fuel quantity is less than 100 lbs
A component of the gear system has failed
Generator has failed
Hydraulic pump is on
Both left and right pitot heat have failed
Propeller heat failure
Surface de-ice fail
GPS Nav
Flight
Planning
Procedures
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
Abnormal
Operation
Underspeed protection active
Windshield heater over-temperature or controller malfunction
Annun/
Alerts
ALTERNATOR FAIL
BLEED OVERTEMP
CABIN ALT 12K
CHECK GEAR
DOOR AJAR
ENGINE FIRE
FLAP FAIL
FUEL IMBALANCE
FUEL PRESS LOW
FUEL QTY
GEAR SYS
GENERATOR FAIL
HYDR PUMP ON
PITOT HEAT FAIL
PROP HEAT FAIL
SURF DEICE FAIL
USP ACTIVE
WDSHLD OVRTMP
AFCS
Warning Messages
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Warnings Messages
EICAS
If two alert levels of the same message are active simultaneously (e.g., DOOR AJAR
warning and DOOR AJAR advisory) only the higher alert level is displayed.
If a GEA or GIA fails, all CAS messages depending on sensors associated with that
LRU are automatically inhibited. Inhibits cannot be activated by invalid sensor data.
Caution Messages
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Description
Propeller is operating in Beta mode
Cabin altitude is above 10,000 feet
Landing gear not down and locked
Chip detected
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
Index
BETA
CABIN ALT 10K
CHECK GEAR
CHIP DETECT
Appendix
Caution Messages
105
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EICAS
Flight
Instruments
Annunciations & Alerts
Caution Messages
Description
An error was reported by the CAPS interface
CPCS FAIL
A fault was detected on the CAPS interface
CPCS FAULT
Propeller is feathered or a failure has occurred in the feather system
FEATHER
FIRE DTECT FAIL Fire detection system has failed
Fuel filter approaching bypass and requires maintenance
FUEL FILTER
FUEL IMBALANCE Fuel imbalance is over 40 lbs
Fuel quantity is less than 180 lbs
FUEL QTY
A component of the gear system has failed
GEAR SYS
HYDR PUMP ON Hydraulic pump is on. Caution has 15 sec. delay
Oxygen system has been turned on
OXYGEN
L PITOT HT FAIL Left pitot heat has failed
R PITOT HT FAIL Right pitot heat has failed
PITOT HEAT OFF Pitot heat is off
PROP HEAT FAIL Propeller heat failure
STALL WARN FAIL Failure detected in stall warning system
START ENGAGED Starter engaged when Ng is more than 56% for more than 10 sec.
SURF DEICE FAIL Surface de-ice fail
Advisory Messages
Advisory
Messages
Description
AV1 FAN FAIL
AV2 FAN FAIL
BETA
DOOR AJAR
EMER BLEED ON
FEATHER
The #1 cooling fan for remote avionics has failed
The #2 cooling fan for remote avionics has failed
Propeller is operating in Beta mode
Cabin door is not closed
Emergency bleed is on
Prop is feathered.
Left fuel pump is on. Inhibited if fuel pump is on for fuel autobalance
L FUEL PUMP ON
when imbalance < 40 lbs.
Right fuel pump is on. Inhibited if fuel pump is on for fuel autobalance
R FUEL PUMP ON
when imbalance < 40 lbs.
Fuel temperature is low
FUEL TEMP
Engine ignition is on
IGNITION ON
MFD FAN FAIL The cooling fan for the MFD has failed
Oxygen system has been turned on
OXYGEN
106
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Annunciations & Alerts
Advisory
Messages
The cooling fan for PFD1 has failed
The cooling fan for PFD2 has failed
Stall heat is inhibited.
Stall heater is on.
Starter engaged when Ng is less than 56%
EICAS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
PFD1 FAN FAIL
PFD2 FAN FAIL
STALL HEAT INHIB
STALL HEAT ON
START ENGAGED
Flight
Instruments
Description
COMPARATOR ANNUNCIATIONS
Difference in altitude sensors is > 200 ft.
If both airspeed sensors detect < 35 knots, this is inhibited.
IAS MISCOMP
If either airspeed sensor detects > 35 knots, and the difference in sensors is > 10 kts.
HDG MISCOMP Difference in heading sensors is > 6 degrees.
Difference in pitch sensors is > 5 degrees.
Procedures
PIT MISCOMP
ROLL MISCOMP Difference in roll sensors is > 6 degrees.
No data from one or both altitude sensors.
IAS NO COMP
No data from one or both airspeed sensors.
Hazard
Avoidance
ALT NO COMP
HDG NO COMP No data from one or both heading sensors.
No data from one or both pitch sensors.
Additional
Features
PIT NO COMP
ROLL NO COMP No data from one or both roll sensors..
Abnormal
Operation
REVERSIONARY SENSOR ANNUNCIATIONS
Condition
Annun/
Alerts
Reversionary
Sensor Window
Text
BOTH ON AHRS2
Both PFDs are displaying data from the number two Attitude & Heading Reference
System.
BOTH ON GPS1
Both PFDs are displaying data from the number one GPS receiver.
Both PFDs are displaying data from the number two Air Data Computer.
Both PFDs are displaying data from the number one Attitude & Heading Reference
System.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
107
Index
Both PFDs are displaying data from the number one Air Data Computer.
Appendix
BOTH ON ADC1
BOTH ON ADC2
BOTH ON AHRS1
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Flight
Planning
If either airspeed sensor detects > 80 knots, and the difference in sensors is > 7 kts.
GPS Nav
ALT MISCOMP
Condition
AFCS
Comparator
Window Text
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EICAS
Flight
Instruments
Annunciations & Alerts
Reversionary
Sensor Window
Text
BOTH ON GPS2
USING ADC1
USING ADC2
USING AHRS1
USING AHRS2
USING GPS1
USING GPS2
Condition
Both PFDs are displaying data from the number two GPS receiver.
PFD2 is displaying data from the #1 Air Data Computer.
PFD1 is displaying data from the #2 Air Data Computer.
PFD2 is displaying data from the #1 AHRS.
PFD1 is displaying data from the #2 AHRS.
PFD2 is displaying data from the #1 GPS.
PFD1 is displaying data from the #2 GPS.
AFCS ALERTS
Condition
Annunciation Description
Pitch Failure
PTCH
Pitch axis control failure. AP is inoperative.
Roll Failure
ROLL
Roll axis control failure. AP is inoperative.
Yaw Damper
Failure
YAW
Pitch Trim Failure
(or stuck MEPT
Switch)
PTRM
If AP engaged, take control of the aircraft and disengage AP
If AP disengaged, move MEPT switches separately to unstick
System Failure
AFCS
AP and MEPT are unavailable. FD may still be available.
Elevator Mistrim
Down
↓ELE
A condition has developed causing the pitch servo to provide
a sustained force. Be prepared to apply nose down control
wheel force upon autopilot disconnect.
Elevator Mistrim
Up
↑ELE
A condition has developed causing the pitch servo to provide
a sustained force. Be prepared to apply nose up control
wheel force upon autopilot disconnect.
Aileron Mistrim
Right
AIL→
A condition has developed causing the roll servo to provide a
sustained right force. Ensure the slip/skid indicator is centered
and observe any maximum fuel imbalance limits.
Aileron Mistrim
Left
←AIL
A condition has developed causing the roll servo to provide
a sustained left force. Ensure the slip/skid indicator is
centered and observe any maximum fuel imbalance limits.
108
YD control failure; AP is inoperative
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Annunciations & Alerts
RUD→
A condition has developed causing the yaw servo to provide
a sustained force. Ensure the slip/skid indicator is centered
and observe any maximum fuel imbalance limits.
Flight
Instruments
Rudder Mistrim
Left
←RUD
A condition has developed causing the yaw servo to provide a
sustained force. Ensure the slip/skid indicator is centered and
observe any maximum fuel imbalance limits.
EICAS
PFT
Performing preflight system test; aural alert sounds at
completion
PFT
Preflight system test failed; aural alert sounds at failure
Preflight Test
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Rudder Mistrim
Right
AFCS
PFD/MFD* Alert MFD Pop-Up Alert (except
Annunciation
Terrain-SVS Page
Alert Type
GPS Nav
TERRAIN-SVS ALERTS
Aural Message
“Warning; Terrain,
Terrain”
Imminent Terrain Impact
Warning (ITI)
TERRAIN
WARNING TERRAIN
“Warning; Terrain,
Terrain”
Reduced Required
Obstacle Clearance
Warning (ROC)
TERRAIN
WARNING OBSTACLE
“Warning;
Obstacle,
Obstacle”
Imminent Obstacle Impact
Warning (IOI)
TERRAIN
WARNING OBSTACLE
“Warning;
Obstacle,
Obstacle”
Reduced Required Terrain
Clearance Caution (RTC)
TERRAIN
CAUTION-TERRAIN
“Caution; Terrain,
Terrain”
Imminent Terrain Impact
Caution (ITI)
TERRAIN
TERRAIN AHEAD
“Caution; Terrain,
Terrain”
Reduced Required
Obstacle Clearance
Caution (ROC)
TERRAIN
CAUTION-OBSTACLE
“Caution;
Obstacle,
Obstacle”
Imminent Obstacle Impact
Caution (IOI)
TERRAIN
OBSTACLE AHEAD
“Caution;
Obstacle,
Obstacle”
Hazard
Avoidance
WARNING TERRAIN
Additional
Features
Annun/
Alerts
Appendix
Index
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
Abnormal
Operation
* Annunciation is shown on the Terrain-SVS Page and the Navigation Map Page
when Terrain is enabled.
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Procedures
TERRAIN
Flight
Planning
Reduced Required Terrain
Clearance Warning (RTC)
109
Flight
Instruments
Annunciations & Alerts
TERRAIN-SVS SYSTEM STATUS ANNUNCIATIONS
PFD/MFD*
Alert
Annunciation
TERRAIN-SVS Page Center
Banner Annunciation
Aural
Message
TER TEST
TERRAIN TEST
None
None
None
“Terrain
System Test
OK”
Terrain Alerting Inhibited
TER INH
None
None
No GPS position
TER N/A
NO GPS POSITION
“Terrain
System Not
AvailableӠ
Excessively degraded GPS signal;
or
Out of database coverage area
TER N/A
None
“Terrain
System Not
AvailableӠ
Terrain System Test Fail;
Terrain or Obstacle database
unavailable or invalid;
Invalid software configuration; or
System audio fault
TER FAIL
TERRAIN FAIL
“Terrain
System
Failure”
MFD Terrain or Obstacle
database unavailable or invalid,
Terrain-SVS operating with PFD
Terrain or Obstacle databases
None
TERRAIN DATABASE FAILURE
None
EICAS
Alert Type
System Test pass
* Annunciation is shown on the Terrain-SVS Page and the Navigation Map Page
when Terrain is enabled.
† “Terrain System Available” (in-flight only) when sufficient GPS signal received, or
terrain database coverage re-entered.
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
System Test in progress
110
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Annunciations & Alerts
MFD Pop-Up Alert (except
TAWS-B Page)
Aural Message
Excessive Descent Rate
Warning (EDR)
PULL UP
PULL-UP
“Pull Up”
Reduced Required Terrain
Clearance Warning (RTC)
PULL UP
TERRAIN-PULL-UP
“Terrain, Terrain;
Pull Up, Pull Up”
Imminent Terrain Impact
Warning (ITI)
PULL UP
TERRAIN AHEAD-PULL-UP
“Terrain Ahead,
Pull Up; Terrain
Ahead, Pull Up”
Reduced Required Obstacle
Clearance Warning (ROC)
PULL UP
OBSTACLE AHEAD-PULL-UP
“Obstacle Ahead,
Pull Up; Obstacle
Ahead, Pull Up”
Imminent Obstacle Impact
Warning (IOI)
PULL UP
OBSTACLE-PULL-UP
“Obstacle,
Obstacle; Pull Up,
Pull Up”
Flight
Planning
Reduced Required Terrain
Clearance Caution (RTC)
TERRAIN
CAUTION-TERRAIN
“Caution, Terrain;
Caution, Terrain”
Imminent Terrain Impact
Caution (ITI)
TERRAIN
TERRAIN AHEAD
“Terrain Ahead;
Terrain Ahead”
Alert Type
EICAS
PFD/MFD*
Alert
Annunciation
GPS Nav
Flight
Instruments
TAWS-B ALERTS
TERRAIN
TOO LOW-TERRAIN
“Too Low, Terrain”
Altitude Callout “500”
None
None
“Five-Hundred”
Excessive Descent Rate
Caution (EDR)
TERRAIN
SINK RATE
“Sink Rate”
Negative Climb Rate
Caution (NCR)
TERRAIN
DON’T SINK
“Don’t Sink”
* Annunciation is shown on the TAWS-B Page and the Navigation Map Page when
Terrain is enabled.
Appendix
Premature Descent Alert
Caution (PDA)
Annun/
Alerts
“Obstacle Ahead;
Obstacle Ahead”
Abnormal
Operation
OBSTACLE AHEAD
Additional
Features
TERRAIN
Hazard
Avoidance
Imminent Obstacle Impact
Caution (IOI)
Procedures
CAUTION-OBSTACLE
AFCS
TERRAIN
“Caution,
Obstacle; Caution,
Obstacle”
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Reduced Required Obstacle
Clearance Caution (ROC)
Index
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
111
TAWS-B System Status Annunciations
PFD/MFD*
Alert
Annunciation
TAWS-B Page Center
Banner Annunciation
Aural Message
TAWS TEST
TAWS TEST
None
None
None
“TAWS System
Test OK”
TAWS-B FLTA Alerting
Inhibited
TAWS INH
None
None
No GPS position
TAWS N/A
NO GPS POSITION
“TAWS Not
AvailableӠ
Excessively degraded GPS
signal; or
Out of database coverage
area
TAWS N/A
None
“TAWS Not
AvailableӠ
TAWS-B System Test Fail;
Terrain or Obstacle
database unavailable or
invalid;
Invalid software
configuration; or
System audio fault
TAWS FAIL
TAWS FAIL
“TAWS System
Failure”
MFD Terrain or Obstacle
database unavailable or
invalid, TAWS-B operating
with PFD Terrain or
Obstacle databases
None
TERRAIN DATABASE FAILURE
None
Alert Type
System Test in progress
System Test pass
* Annunciation is shown on the TAWS-B Page and the Navigation Map Page when
Terrain is enabled.
† “TAWS Available” (in-flight only) when sufficient GPS signal received, or terrain
database coverage re-entered.
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EICAS
Flight
Instruments
Annunciations & Alerts
112
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Annunciations & Alerts
PFD1 FAN FAIL – The cooling fan for PFD1 is inoperative.
PFD2 FAN FAIL – The cooling fan for PFD2 is inoperative.
MFD FAN FAIL – The cooling fan for the MFD is inoperative.
AV FAN FAIL – The cooling fan for remote avionics has failed.
None
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Audio Alert
EICAS
Alerts Window Message
Flight
Instruments
MESSAGE ADVISORY ALERTS
AFCS
VOICE ALERTS
Voice Alert
Alert Trigger
Airspeed has exceeded VMO.
“Vertical track”
The aircraft is one minute from Top of Descent (only if vertical
navigation is enabled).
“Timer Expired”
Countdown timer on the PFD has reached zero.
“TIS not available”
The aircraft is outside the TIS coverage area (not available with
TAS installed).
“Traffic, Traffic”
Played when first Traffic Advisory (TA) is issued with an optional
TAS System. “Traffic” for each subsequent TA.
Played when the optional TAS system passes a pilot-initiated
self test.
“TAS System Test Fail”
Played when the optional TAS system fails a pilot-initiated self
test.
“TCAS One System Test Failed”
Appendix
Played when the optional TCAS system fails a pilot-initiated
self test.
Annun/
Alerts
“TCAS One System Test Passed” Played when the optional TCAS system passes a pilot-initiated
self test.
Abnormal
Operation
“TAS System Test OK”
Additional
Features
The Traffic Information Service (TIS) has issued a Traffic Advisory
alert.
Hazard
Avoidance
“Traffic”
Procedures
The aircraft has descended below the preset minimum descent
altitude or decision altitude.
Flight
Planning
“Minimums, Minimums”
GPS Nav
“Airspeed”
Index
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
113
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EICAS
Flight
Instruments
Annunciations & Alerts
FLIGHT PLAN IMPORT/EXPORT MESSAGES
In some circumstances, some messages may appear in conjunction with others.
Flight Plan Import/Export
Results
Description
‘Flight plan successfully imported.’
A flight plan file stored on the SD card was successfully
imported as a stored flight plan.
‘File contained user waypoints only.
User waypoints imported successfully. No stored flight plan data was
modified.’
The file stored on the SD card did not contain a flight plan,
only user waypoints. These waypoints have been saved to the
system user waypoints. No flight plans stored in the system
have been modified.
‘No flight plan files found to import.’
The SD card contains no flight plan data.
‘Flight plan import failed.’
Flight plan data was not successfully imported from the SD card.
‘Flight plan partially imported.’
Some flight plan waypoints were successfully imported from
the SD card, however others had errors and were not imported.
A partial stored flight plan now exists in the system.
‘File contained user waypoints only.’
The file stored on the SD card did not contain a flight plan,
only user waypoints. One or more of these waypoints did not
import successfully.
‘Too many points. Flight plan truncated.’
The flight plan on the SD card contains more waypoints than
the system can support. The flight plan was imported with as
many waypoints as possible.
‘Some waypoints not loaded. Waypoints locked.’
The flight plan on the SD card contains one or more waypoints
that the system cannot find in the navigation database. The
flight plan has been imported, but must be edited within the
system before it can be activated for use.
‘User waypoint database full. Not all
loaded.’
The flight plan file on the SD card contains user waypoints.
The quantity of stored user waypoints has exceeded system
capacity, therefore not all the user waypoints on the SD card
have been imported. Any flight plan user waypoints that were
not imported are locked in the flight plan. The flight plan must
be edited within the system before it can be activated for use.
‘One or more user waypoints renamed.’ One or more imported user waypoints were renamed when
imported due to naming conflicts with waypoints already
existing in the system.
‘Flight plan successfully exported.’
The stored flight plan was successfully exported to the SD card.
‘Flight plan export failed.’
The stored flight plan was not successfully exported to the SD
card. The SD card may not have sufficient available memory or
the card may have been removed prematurely.
114
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Annunciations & Alerts
Flight
Instruments
PILOT PROFILE IMPORT/EXPORT MESSAGES
In some circumstances, some messages may appear in conjunction with others.
Description
EICAS
Flight Plan Import/Export
Results
‘Overwrite existing profile?’
Displayed if the profile name matches the name of existing
profile.
‘Profile name invalid. Enter a
different profile name.’
Displayed if the profile name is invalid.
‘All available pilot profiles in use.
Delete a profile before importing
another.’
Displayed if the maximum number for pilot profiles has
been reached.
‘Pilot profile import failed.’
Displayed if the importing operation fails for any other
reason.
‘Pilot profile import succeeded.’
Displayed if the importing operation succeeds.
‘Overwrite existing file?’
Displayed if the filename matches the name of an existing
file on the SD card.
‘Pilot profile export failed.’
Displayed if the export operation fails.
‘Pilot profile export succeeded.’
Displayed if the export operation succeeds.
AFCS
Displayed if the SD card does not have one or more valid
pilot profile filenames.
GPS Nav
Flight
Planning
Hazard
Avoidance
GDC1 is reporting that the airspeed error correction is
unavailable.
ADC1 SERVICE– ADC1 needs
service. Return unit for repair.
The GDC1 should be serviced..
ADC2 ALT EC– ADC2 altitude
error correction is unavailable.
GDC2 is reporting that the altitude error correction is
unavailable.
ADC2 AS EC– ADC2 airspeed
error correction is unavailable.
GDC2 is reporting that the airspeed error correction is
unavailable.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
Index
ADC1 AS EC – ADC1 airspeed
error correction is unavailable.
Appendix
GDC1 is reporting that the altitude error correction is
unavailable.
Annun/
Alerts
ADC1 ALT EC – ADC1 altitude
error correction is unavailable.
Abnormal
Operation
Abort approach due to loss of GPS navigation.
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Additional
Features
Comments
ABORT APR – Loss of GPS
navigation. Abort approach.
Procedures
SYSTEM MESSAGES
Message
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
‘No pilot profile plan files found to
import.’
115
Message
Comments
ADC2 SERVICE– ADC2 needs
service. Return unit for repair.
The GDC2 should be serviced..
AFT AV FAN FAIL– The cooling
fan for aft avionics has failed.
The cooling fan for the aft remote avionics has failed.
AHRS MAG DB– AHRS
magnetic model database
version mismatch.
The #1 AHRS and #2 AHRS magnetic model database versions
do not match.
AHRS1 CAL– AHRS1 calibration The #1 AHRS calibration version error. The system should be
version error. Srvc req’d.
serviced.
The #1 AHRS is not receiving any or any useful GPS
information. Check AFMS limitations. The G1000 system
should be serviced.
AHRS1 GPS– AHRS1
not receiving backup GPS
information.
The #1 AHRS is not receiving backup GPS information. The
G1000 system should be serviced.
AHRS1 GPS– AHRS1 operating
exclusively in no-GPS mode.
The #1 AHRS is operating exclusively in no-GPS mode. The
G1000 system should be serviced.
AHRS1 GPS– AHRS1 using
backup GPS source.
The #1 AHRS is using the backup GPS path. Primary GPS
path has failed. The G1000 system should be serviced when
possible.
AHRS1 SERVICE– AHRS1
needs service. Return unit for
repair.
A failure has been detected in the #1 AHRS. The system should
be serviced.
AHRS1 SRVC– AHRS1
Magnetic-field model needs
update.
The #1 AHRS earth magnetic field model is out of date. Update
magnetic field model when practical.
AHRS1 TAS – AHRS1 not
receiving valid airspeed.
The #1 AHRS is not receiving true airspeed from the air data
computer. The AHRS relies on GPS information to augment the
lack of airspeed. The G1000 system should be serviced.
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
AHRS1 GPS– AHRS1 not
receiving any GPS information.
Additional
Features
AHRS1 CONFIG– AHRS1
AHRS configuration settings do not match those of backup
config error. Config service req’d. configuration memory. The system should be serviced.
Abnormal
Operation
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EICAS
Flight
Instruments
Annunciations & Alerts
AHRS2 CAL– AHRS2 calibration The #2 AHRS calibration version error. The system should be
version error. Srvc req’d.
serviced.
AHRS2 CONFIG– AHRS2
AHRS configuration settings do not match those of backup
config error. Config service req’d. configuration memory. The system should be serviced.
116
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Annunciations & Alerts
Comments
The #2 AHRS is not receiving any or any useful GPS
information. Check AFMS limitations. The G1000 system
should be serviced.
AHRS2 GPS– AHRS2
not receiving backup GPS
information.
The #2 AHRS is not receiving backup GPS information. The
G1000 system should be serviced.
AHRS2 GPS– AHRS2 operating
exclusively in no-GPS mode.
The #2 AHRS is operating exclusively in no-GPS mode. The
G1000 system should be serviced.
AHRS2 GPS– AHRS2 using
backup GPS source.
The #2 AHRS is using the backup GPS path. Primary GPS
path has failed. The G1000 system should be serviced when
possible.
AHRS2 SERVICE– AHRS2
needs service. Return unit for
repair.
A failure has been detected in the #2 AHRS. The system should
be serviced.
AHRS2 SRVC– AHRS2
Magnetic-field model needs
update.
The #2 AHRS earth magnetic field model is out of date. Update
magnetic field model when practical.
Flight
Planning
AHRS2 TAS – AHRS2 not
receiving valid airspeed.
The #2 AHRS is not receiving true airspeed from the air data
computer. The AHRS relies on GPS information to augment the
lack of airspeed. The G1000 system should be serviced.
Procedures
APR ADVISORY – SBAS VNAV
not available.
SBAS VNAV not available. Check GPS sensor.
Hazard
Avoidance
APR DWNGRADE– Apr
downgraded.
Vertical guidance generated by SBAS is unavailable, use LNAV
only minimums.
APR INACTV– Approach is not
active.
The system notifies the pilot that the loaded approach is not
active. Activate approach when required.
ARSPC AHEAD – Airspace
ahead less than 10 minutes.
Special use airspace is ahead of aircraft. The aircraft will
penetrate the airspace within 10 minutes.
EICAS
AHRS2 GPS– AHRS2 not
receiving any GPS information.
GPS Nav
Flight
Instruments
Message
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
AFCS
Abnormal
Operation
Selected course for LOC1 differs from published localizer course
by more than 10 degrees.
CHECK CRS– Database course
for LOC2 / [LOC ID] is [CRS]°.
Selected course for LOC2 differs from published localizer course
by more than 10 degrees.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
117
Index
CHECK CRS– Database course
for LOC1 / [LOC ID] is [CRS]°.
Appendix
Special use airspace is near and ahead of the aircraft position.
Annun/
Alerts
ARSPC NEAR– Airspace near
and ahead.
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Additional
Features
ARSPC NEAR– Airspace near– Special use airspace is within 2 nm of the aircraft position.
less than 2 nm.
Message
The PFD1 configuration module backup memory has failed. The
G1000 system should be serviced.
COM1 CONFIG– COM1 config
error. Config service req’d.
COM1 configuration settings do not match backup
configuration memory. The G1000 system should be serviced.
COM1 MANIFEST–
COM1 software mismatch,
communication halted.
COM1 software mismatch. The system should be serviced.
COM1 PTT– COM1 push-totalk key is stuck.
The COM1 external push-to-talk switch is stuck in the enable
(or “pressed”) position. Press the PTT switch again to cycle its
operation. If the problem persists, the G1000 system should be
serviced.
COM1 RMT XFR– COM1
remote transfer key is stuck.
The COM1 transfer switch is stuck in the enabled (or
“pressed”) position. Press the transfer switch again to cycle its
operation. If the problem persists, the G1000 system should be
serviced.
The system has detected an over temperature condition in
COM1. The transmitter is operating at reduced power. If the
problem persists, the G1000 system should be serviced.
COM2 CONFIG– COM2 config
error. Config service req’d.
COM2 configuration settings do not match backup
configuration memory. The G1000 system should be serviced.
COM2 MANIFEST–
COM2 software mismatch,
communication halted.
COM2 software mismatch. The system should be serviced.
COM2 PTT– COM2 push-totalk key is stuck.
The COM2 external push-to-talk switch is stuck in the enable
(or “pressed”) position. Press the PTT switch again to cycle its
operation. If the problem persists, the G1000 system should be
serviced.
COM2 RMT XFR– COM2
remote transfer key is stuck.
The COM2 transfer switch is stuck in the enabled (or
“pressed”) position. Press the transfer switch again to cycle its
operation. If the problem persists, the G1000 system should be
serviced.
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Hazard
Avoidance
COM1 TEMP – COM1 over
temp. Reducing transmitter
power.
Additional
Features
COM1 SERVICE– COM1 needs The system has detected a failure in COM1. COM1 may still be
service. Return unit for repair.
usable. The G1000 system should be serviced when possible.
Abnormal
Operation
Procedures
Comments
CNFG MODULE– PFD1
configuration module is
inoperative.
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EICAS
Flight
Instruments
Annunciations & Alerts
COM2 SERVICE– COM2 needs The system has detected a failure in COM2. COM2 may still be
service. Return unit for repair.
usable. The G1000 system should be serviced when possible.
118
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Annunciations & Alerts
Comments
Flight
Instruments
Message
The system has detected an over temperature condition in
COM2. The transmitter is operating at reduced power. If the
problem persists, the G1000 system should be serviced.
CPCS CONFIG ERROR–
Unexpected config strapping.
CPCS is not configured properly. The system should be
serviced.
CURSOR LIMITED– Map
panning limit has been reached.
Map cursor panning is limited to < 89 degrees north or south.
DATA LOST– Pilot stored data
was lost. Recheck settings.
The pilot profile data was lost. System reverts to default pilot
profile and settings. The pilot may reconfigure the MFD & PFDs
with preferred settings, if desired.
DB CHANGE– Database
changed. Verify stored airways.
This occurs when a stored flight plan contains an airway that is
no longer consistent with the navigation database. This alert is
issued only after an navigation database update. Verify use of
airways in stored flight plans and reload airways as needed.
DB CHANGE– Database
changed. Verify user modified
procedures.
This occurs when a stored flight plan contains procedures that
have been manually edited. This alert is issued only after an
navigation database update. Verify that the user-modified
procedures in stored flight plans are correct and up to date.
DB MISMATCH– Navigation
database mismatch. Xtalk is off.
The PFDs and MFD have different navigation database versions
or regions installed. Crossfill is off. Check the AUX-SYSTEM
STATUS Page to determine versions or regions. Also, check
the AUX-SYSTEM STATUS Page for a database synchronization
function not completed. After synchronization is complete,
power must be turned off, then on.
DB MISMATCH– Obstacle
database mismatch.
The PFDs and MFD have different obstacle database versions
or regions installed. Check the AUX-SYSTEM STATUS Page to
determine versions or regions. Also, check the AUX-SYSTEM
STATUS Page for a database synchronization function not
completed. After synchronization is complete, power must be
turned off, then on.
DB MISMATCH– Standby
Navigation database mismatch.
The PFDs and MFD have different standby navigation database
versions or regions installed. Check the AUX-SYSTEM STATUS
Page to determine versions or regions. Also, check the AUXSYSTEM STATUS Page for a database synchronization function
not completed. After synchronization is complete, power must
be turned off, then on.
EICAS
COM2 TEMP – COM2 over
temp. Reducing transmitter
power.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
AFCS
GPS Nav
Flight
Planning
Procedures
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
Abnormal
Operation
Annun/
Alerts
Appendix
Index
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
119
Message
DB MISMATCH– Terrain
database mismatch.
The PFDs and MFD have different terrain database versions
or regions installed. Check the AUX-SYSTEM STATUS Page to
determine versions or regions. Also, check the AUX-SYSTEM
STATUS Page for a database synchronization function not
completed. After synchronization is complete, power must be
turned off, then on.
ESP DEGRADE– ESP IAS mode IAS mode of ESP is inoperative. The system should be serviced.
is inoperative.
ESP FAIL– ESP is inoperative.
The ESP function has failed and is inoperative. The system
should be serviced.
ESP OFF– ESP selected off.
Electronic Stability and Protection has been disabled on the
SYSTEM SETUP 2 page.
EXCEEDANCE– Engine
An engine exceedance log has been captured.
exceedance data is being logged.
FAILED PATH– A data path has A data path connected to the GDU or the GIA 63/W has failed.
failed.
FPL TRUNC – Flight plan has
been truncated.
This occurs when a newly installed navigation database
eliminates an obsolete approach or arrival used by a stored
flight plan. The obsolete procedure is removed from the flight
plan. Update flight plan with current arrival or approach.
FPL WPT LOCK – Flight plan
waypoint is locked.
Upon power-up, the G1000 system detects that a stored flight
plan waypoint is locked. This occurs when an navigation
database update eliminates an obsolete waypoint. The flight
plan cannot find the specified waypoint and flags this message.
This can also occur with user waypoints in a flight plan that
is deleted. Remove the waypoint from the flight plan if it no
longer exists in any database, or Update the waypoint name/
identifier to reflect the new information.
Appendix
G/S1 FAIL– G/S1 is inoperative. A failure has been detected in glideslope receiver 1. The
G1000 system should be serviced.
G/S1 SERVICE– G/S1 needs
service. Return unit for repair.
Index
Annun/
Alerts
Comments
ESP CONFIG– ESP config error. ESP is not configured properly. The system should be serviced.
Config service req’d.
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EICAS
Flight
Instruments
Annunciations & Alerts
G/S2 FAIL– G/S2 is inoperative. A failure has been detected in glideslope receiver 2. The
G1000 system should be serviced.
120
A failure has been detected in glideslope receiver 1. The
receiver may still be available. The G1000 system should be
serviced when possible.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Annunciations & Alerts
Comments
Flight
Instruments
Message
GCU 476 configuration settings do not match those of backup
configuration memory. The G1000 system should be serviced.
GCU1 FAIL– GCU1 is
inoperative.
A failure has been detected in the GCU 476. The GCU 476 is
unavailable.
GCU1 KEYSTK– GCU1 [key
name] Key is stuck.
A key is stuck on the GCU 476 bezel. Attempt to free the stuck
key by pressing it several times. The G1000 system should be
serviced if the problem persists.
GCU1 MANIFEST–
GCU1 software mismatch,
communication halted.
The GCU 476 has incorrect software installed. The G1000
system should be serviced.
GDC1 MANIFEST–
GDC1 software mismatch,
communication halted.
The GDC 74A has incorrect software installed. The G1000
system should be serviced.
GDC2 MANIFEST–
GDC2 software mismatch,
communication halted.
The GDC 74A has incorrect software installed. The G1000
system should be serviced.
Flight
Planning
GCU1 CONFIG– GCU1 Config
error. Config service req’d.
Procedures
GDL69 MANIFEST–
GDL software mismatch,
communication halted.
The GDL 69 has incorrect software installed. The G1000
system should be serviced.
GDU ZOOM LIMITED– Map
zoom has been automatically
limited.
Increases in map range are automatically limited at > 68
degrees 35 minutes north or south.
GEA1 CONFIG– GEA1 config
error. Config service req’d.
The GEA1 configuration settings do not match those of backup
configuration memory. The G1000 system should be serviced.
GEA1 MANIFEST–
GEA1 software mismatch,
communication halted.
The #1 GEA 71 has incorrect software installed. The G1000
system should be serviced.
Annun/
Alerts
Appendix
Index
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
Abnormal
Operation
A failure has been detected in the GDL 69. The receiver is
unavailable. The G1000 system should be serviced
Additional
Features
GDL69 FAIL– GDL 69 has
failed.
Hazard
Avoidance
GDL69 CONFIG– GDL 69
GDL 69 configuration settings do not match those of backup
config error. Config service req’d. configuration memory. The G1000 system should be serviced.
190-01842-01 Rev. A
GPS Nav
A failure has been detected in the altitude encoder. The cabin
altitude controller information is being used.
AFCS
GAE 43 FAILURE– Using
controller cabin information.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
A failure has been detected in glideslope receiver 2. The
receiver may still be available. The G1000 system should be
serviced when possible.
EICAS
G/S2 SERVICE– G/S2 needs
service. Return unit for repair.
121
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EICAS
Flight
Instruments
Annunciations & Alerts
Message
Comments
GEA2 CONFIG– GEA2 config
error. Config service req’d.
The GEA2 configuration settings do not match those of backup
configuration memory. The G1000 system should be serviced.
GEA2 MANIFEST–
GEA2 software mismatch,
communication halted.
The #2 GEA 71 has incorrect software installed. The G1000
system should be serviced.
GEO LIMITS– AHRS1 too
far North/South, no magnetic
compass.
The aircraft is outside geographical limits for approved AHRS
operation. Heading is flagged as invalid.
GEO LIMITS– AHRS2 too
far North/South, no magnetic
compass.
The aircraft is outside geographical limits for approved AHRS
operation. Heading is flagged as invalid.
GFC MANIFEST– GFC software Incorrect servo software is installed, or gain settings are
mismatch, communication
incorrect.
halted.
GIA1 CONFIG– GIA1 audio
The GIA1 have an error in the audio configuration. The G1000
config error. Config service req’d. system should be serviced.
GIA1 CONFIG– GIA1 config
error. Config service req’d.
The GIA1 configuration settings do not match backup
configuration memory. The G1000 system should be serviced.
GIA1 COOLING– GIA1 over
temperature.
The GIA1 temperature is too high. If problem persists, the
G1000 system should be serviced.
GIA1 COOLING– GIA1
temperature too low.
The GIA1 temperature is too low to operate correctly. Allow
units to warm up to operating temperature.
GIA1 MANIFEST– GIA1
software mismatch,
communication halted.
The GIA 1 has incorrect software installed. The G1000 system
should be serviced.
GIA1 SERVICE– GIA1 needs
service. Return unit for repair.
The GIA1 self-test has detected a problem in the unit. The
G1000 system should be serviced.
GIA2 CONFIG– GIA2 audio
The GIA2 have an error in the audio configuration. The G1000
config error. Config service req’d. system should be serviced.
GIA2 CONFIG– GIA2 config
error. Config service req’d.
The GIA2 configuration settings do not match backup
configuration memory. The G1000 system should be serviced.
GIA2 COOLING– GIA2 over
temperature.
The GIA2 temperature is too high. If problem persists, the
G1000 system should be serviced.
GIA2 COOLING– GIA2
temperature too low.
The GIA2 temperature is too low to operate correctly. Allow
units to warm up to operating temperature.
122
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Annunciations & Alerts
Comments
The GIA 2 has incorrect software installed. The G1000 system
should be serviced.
GIA2 SERVICE– GIA2 needs
service. Return unit for repair.
The GIA2 self-test has detected a problem in the unit. The
G1000 system should be serviced.
EICAS
GIA2 MANIFEST– GIA2
software mismatch,
communication halted.
The audio panel has incorrect software installed. The G1000
system should be serviced.
GPS Nav
GMA1 MANIFEST–
GMA1 software mismatch,
communication halted.
AFCS
The audio panel self-test has detected a failure. The audio
panel is unavailable. The G1000 system should be serviced.
Flight
Planning
GMA1 SERVICE– GMA1 needs The audio panel self-test has detected a problem in the unit.
service. Return unit for repair.
Certain audio may still be available, and the audio panel may
still be usable. The G1000 system should be serviced when
possible.
Error in the configuration of the GMC 710.
GMC MANIFEST– GMC
software mismatch.
Communication halted.
The GMC 710 has incorrect software installed. The G1000
system should be serviced.
GMU1 MANIFEST–
GMU1 software mismatch,
communication halted.
The GMU 44 has incorrect software installed. The G1000
system should be serviced.
GMU2 MANIFEST–
GMU2 software mismatch,
communication halted.
The GMU 44 has incorrect software installed. The G1000
system should be serviced.
GPS NAV LOST– Loss of GPS
navigation. GPS fail.
Loss of GPS navigation due to GPS failure.
GPS NAV LOST– Loss of GPS
navigation. Insufficient satellites.
Loss of GPS navigation due to insufficient satellites.
Appendix
Index
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
Annun/
Alerts
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Abnormal
Operation
A key is stuck on the GMC 710 bezel. Attempt to free the stuck
key by pressing it several times. The G1000 system should be
serviced if the problem persists.
Additional
Features
GMC KEYSTK– GMC [key
name] Key is stuck.
Hazard
Avoidance
GMC FAIL– GMC is inoperative. A failure has been detected in the GMC 710. The GMC 710 is
unavailable.
Procedures
GMC CONFIG– GMC Config
error. Config service req’d.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
GMA1 CONFIG– GMA1 config The audio panel configuration settings do not match backup
error. Config service req’d.
configuration memory. The G1000 system should be serviced.
GMA1 FAIL– GMA1 is
inoperative.
Flight
Instruments
Message
123
Loss of GPS navigation due to position error.
GPS1 FAIL– GPS1 is
inoperative.
A failure has been detected in GPS1 receiver. The system
should be serviced.
GPS1 SERVICE– GPS1 needs
service. Return unit for repair.
A failure has been detected in the GPS1 receiver. The receiver
may still be available. The G1000 system should be serviced.
GPS2 FAIL– GPS1 is
inoperative.
A failure has been detected in GPS2 receiver. The system
should be serviced.
GPS2 SERVICE– GPS2 needs
service. Return unit for repair.
A failure has been detected in the GPS2 receiver. The receiver
may still be available. The G1000 system should be serviced.
GRS1 MANIFEST–
GRS1 software mismatch,
communication halted.
The #1 AHRS has incorrect software installed. The G1000
system should be serviced.
GRS2 MANIFEST–
GRS2 software mismatch,
communication halted.
The #2 AHRS has incorrect software installed. The G1000
system should be serviced.
GSR1 FAIL– GSR1 has failed.
A failure has been detected in the #1 GSR 56. The system
should be serviced.
GTS CONFIG– GTS Config
error. Config service req’d.
The GTS and GDU have different copies of the GTS
configuration, or the Mode S address is invalid. The G1000
system should be serviced.
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EICAS
GPS NAV LOST– Loss of GPS
navigation. Position error.
AFCS
Comments
GPS Nav
Message
Flight
Planning
Flight
Instruments
Annunciations & Alerts
GTS MANIFEST– GTS software The GTS has incorrect software installed. The G1000 system
mismatch, communication
should be serviced.
halted.
GTX1 MANIFEST–
GTX1 software mismatch,
communication halted.
The transponder has incorrect software installed. The G1000
system should be serviced.
GTX2 MANIFEST–
GTX2 software mismatch,
communication halted.
The transponder has incorrect software installed. The G1000
system should be serviced.
GWX CONFIG– GWX config
error. Config service req’d.
GWX 68 configuration settings do not match those of the GDU
configuration. The G1000 system should be serviced.
GWX FAIL– GWX is inoperative. The GDU is not receiving status packet from the GWX 68 is
reporting a fault. The GWX 68 radar system should be serviced.
GWX MANIFEST– GWX
software mismatch,
communication halted.
124
The GWX 68 has incorrect software installed. The G1000
system should be serviced.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Annunciations & Alerts
Comments
Flight
Instruments
Message
A fault has occurred in the #1 GMU 44. Heading is flagged as
invalid. The AHRS uses GPS for backup mode operation. The
G1000 system should be serviced.
HDG FAULT– AHRS2
magnetometer fault has
occurred.
A fault has occurred in the #2 GMU 44. Heading is flagged as
invalid. The AHRS uses GPS for backup mode operation. The
G1000 system should be serviced.
HOLD EXPIRED– Holding EFC
time expired.
Expect Further Clearance (EFC) time has expired for the User
Defined Hold.
HW MISMATCH– GIA
hardware mismatch. GIA1
communication halted.
A GIA mismatch has been detected, where only one is SBAS
capable.
HW MISMATCH– GIA
hardware mismatch. GIA2
communication halted.
A GIA mismatch has been detected, where only one is SBAS
capable.
INCOMING CALL– Incoming
call.
Incoming Iridium voice call.
INSIDE ARSPC – Inside
airspace.
The aircraft is inside the airspace.
INVALID ADM – Invalid ADM:
ATN communication halted.
Data link avionics were not configured correctly and therefore
will not be able to communicate with the ground network.
AFCS
HDG FAULT– AHRS1
magnetometer fault has
occurred.
GPS Nav
Flight
Planning
Procedures
Annun/
Alerts
Low Bank mode is active. Disengage to continue approach.
Abnormal
Operation
LOW BANK ACTIVE –
Disengage for approach.
Additional
Features
GPS integrity is insufficient for the current phase of flight.
LOW BANK ACTIVE –
Low Bank mode is active. Disengage to continue RNP 1.0.
Disengage for RNP less than 1.0.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
125
Index
190-01842-01 Rev. A
The GDU’s internal model cannot determine the exact magnetic
variance for geographic locations near the magnetic poles.
Displayed magnetic course angles may differ from the actual
magnetic heading by more than 2°.
Appendix
LRG MAG VAR – Verify all
course angles.
Hazard
Avoidance
LOCKED FPL– Cannot navigate This occurs when the pilot attempts to activate a stored flight
locked flight plan.
plan that contains locked waypoint. Remove locked waypoint
from flight plan. Update flight plan with current waypoint.
LOI– GPS integrity lost.
Crosscheck with other NAVS.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
A failure has been detected in the GWX 68 or the GWX 70.
The GWX 68 or the GWX 70 may still be usable.
EICAS
GWX SERVICE– GWX needs
service.
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EICAS
Flight
Instruments
Annunciations & Alerts
Message
Comments
MFD1 BACKLIGHT
CALIBRATION– MFD1 bklt
cal lost or mismatch. Return for
repair.
The specified GDU’s backlight calibration cannot be found or
found or is invalid. The system should be serviced.
MFD1 CARD 1 ERR– MFD1
card 1 is invalid.
The SD card in the top card slot of the specified MFD contains
invalid data.
MFD1 CARD 1 REM– MFD1
card 1 was removed. Reinsert
card.
The SD card was removed from the top card slot of the
specified MFD. The SD card needs to be reinserted.
MFD1 CARD 2 ERR– MFD1
card 2 is invalid.
The SD card in the bottom card slot of the specified MFD
contains invalid data.
MFD1 CARD 2 REM– MFD1
card 2 was removed. Reinsert
card.
The SD card was removed from the bottom card slot of the
specified MFD. The SD card needs to be reinserted.
MFD1 CONFIG– MFD1 config
error. Config service req’d.
The MFD configuration settings do not match backup
configuration memory. The G1000 system should be serviced.
MFD1 COOLING– MFD1 has
poor cooling. Reducing power
usage.
The MFD is overheating and is reducing power consumption by
dimming the display. If problem persists, the G1000 system
should be serviced.
MFD1 DB ERR – MFD1 Airport
Directory database error exists.
The MFD detected a failure in the Airport Directory database.
Ensure that the data card is properly inserted. Replace data card.
If problem persists, the system should be serviced.
MFD1 DB ERR – MFD1 basemap
The MFD detected a failure in the basemap database.
database error exists.
MFD1 DB ERR – MFD1
Chartview database error exists.
The MFD detected a failure in the ChartView database
(optional feature). Ensure that the data card is properly
inserted. Replace data card. If problem persists, the system
should be serviced.
MFD1 DB ERR – MFD1
FliteCharts database error exists.
The MFD detected a failure in the FliteCharts database
(optional feature). Ensure that the data card is properly
inserted. Replace the data card If problem persists, the system
should be serviced.
MFD1 DB ERR – MFD1 multiple
database errors exists.
The MFD detected a failure in more than one database. If
problem persists, the system should be serviced.
MFD1 DB ERR – MFD1
navigation database error exists.
The MFD detected a failure in the navigation database.
Attempt to reload the navigation database. If problem persists,
the system should be serviced.
126
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Annunciations & Alerts
Comments
MFD1 DB ERR – MFD1
obstacle database missing.
The obstacle database is present on another LRU, but is missing
on the specified LRU.
EICAS
MFD1 DB ERR – MFD1 Safe Taxi The MFD detected a failure in the Safe Taxi database. Ensure
database error exists.
that the data card is properly inserted. Replace data card. If
problem persists, the system should be serviced.
A key is stuck on the MFD bezel. Attempt to free the stuck key
by pressing it several times. The G1000 system esshould be
serviced if the problem persists.
MFD1 MANIFEST–
MFD1 software mismatch,
communication halted.
The MFD has incorrect software installed. The G1000 system
should be serviced.
MFD1 SERVICE– MFD1 needs
service. Return unit for repair.
The MFD self-test has detected a problem. The G1000 system
should be serviced.
MFD1 SOFTWARE– MFD1
mismatch, communication
halted.
The specified GDU has different software versions installed.
The system should be serviced.
MFD1 TERRAIN DSP – MFD1
Terrain awareness display
unavailable.
One of the terrain or obstacle databases required for TAWS in
MFD1 is missing or invalid.
MFD1 VOLTAGE – MFD1 has
low voltage. Reducing power
usage
The MFD voltage is low. The G1000 system should be serviced.
NAV DB UPDATED– Active
navigation database updated.
System has updated the active navigation database from the
standby navigation database.
NAV1 MANIFEST–
NAV1 software mismatch,
communication halted.
NAV1 software mismatch. The system should be serviced.
NAV1 RMT XFR– NAV1
remote transfer key is stuck.
The remote NAV1 transfer switch is stuck in the enabled (or
“pressed”) state. Press the transfer switch again to cycle its
operation. If the problem persists, the G1000 system should be
serviced.
NAV1 SERVICE– NAV1 needs
service. Return unit for repair.
A failure has been detected in the NAV1 receiver. The receiver
may still be available. The G1000 system should be serviced.
Flight
Planning
Procedures
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
Abnormal
Operation
Appendix
Index
127
Annun/
Alerts
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
GPS Nav
MFD1 KEYSTK– MFD [key
name] Key is stuck.
AFCS
The MFD detected a failure in the terrain database. Ensure that
the terrain card is properly inserted in display. Replace terrain
card. If problem persists, the system should be serviced.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
MFD1 DB ERR – MFD1 terrain
database error exists.
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Flight
Instruments
Message
Message
Procedures
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
Abnormal
Operation
Annun/
Alerts
Appendix
Index
Comments
NAV2 MANIFEST–
NAV2 software mismatch,
communication halted.
NAV2 software mismatch. The system should be serviced.
NAV2 RMT XFR– NAV2
remote transfer key is stuck.
The remote NAV2 transfer switch is stuck in the enabled (or
“pressed”) state. Press the transfer switch again to cycle its
operation. If the problem persists, the G1000 system should be
serviced.
NAV2 SERVICE– NAV2 needs
service. Return unit for repair.
A failure has been detected in the NAV2 receiver. The receiver
may still be available. The G1000 system should be serviced.
NON-MAG UNITS– Nonmagnetic NAV ANGLE display
units are active.
Navigation angle is not set to MAGNETIC at power-up.
NON WGS84 WPT – Do not
use GPS for navigation to [xxxx]
The position of the selected waypoint [xxxx] is not calculated
based on the WGS84 map reference datum and may be
positioned in error as displayed. Do not use GPS to navigate to
the selected non-WGS84 waypoint.
PFD1 BACKLIGHT
CALIBRATION– PFD1 bklt
cal lost or mismatch. Return for
repair.
The specified GDU’s backlight calibration cannot be found or
found or is invalid. The system should be serviced.
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EICAS
Flight
Instruments
Annunciations & Alerts
PFD1 CARD 1 ERR– PFD1 card The SD card in the top card slot of the specified PFD or MFD
1 is invalid.
contains invalid data.
PFD1 CARD 1 REM– PFD1
card 1 was removed. Reinsert
card.
The SD card was removed from the top card slot of the
specified PFD or MFD. The SD card needs to be reinserted.
PFD1 CARD 2 ERR– PFD1 card The SD card in the bottom card slot of the specified PFD or
2 is invalid.
MFD contains invalid data.
PFD1 CARD 2 REM– PFD1
card 2 was removed. Reinsert
card.
The SD card was removed from the bottom card slot of the
specified PFD or MFD. The SD card needs to be reinserted.
PFD1 CONFIG– PFD1 config
error. Config service req’d.
The PFD configuration settings do not match backup
configuration memory. The G1000 system should be serviced.
PFD1 COOLING– PFD1 has
poor cooling. Reducing power
usage.
The PFD is overheating and is reducing power consumption by
dimming the display. If problem persists, the G1000 system
should be serviced.
PFD1 DB ERR – MFD1 Airport
Directory database error exists.
The PFD detected a failure in the Airport Directory database.
Ensure that the data card is properly inserted. Replace data card.
If problem persists, the system should be serviced.
128
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Annunciations & Alerts
Comments
PFD1 DB ERR – MFD1 basemap
database error exists.
Flight
Instruments
Message
The PFD detected a failure in the basemap database.
PFD1 DB ERR – MFD1 multiple
database errors exists.
The PFD detected a failure in more than one database. If
problem persists, the system should be serviced.
The PFD detected a failure in the obstacle database. Ensure
that the data card is properly inserted. Replace data card. If
problem persists, the system should be serviced.
PFD1 DB ERR – PFD1 obstacle
database missing.
The obstacle database is present on another LRU, but is missing
on the specified LRU.
PFD1 DB ERR – PFD1 Safe Taxi
database error exists.
The PFD detected a failure in the Safe Taxi database. Ensure
that the data card is properly inserted. Replace data card. If
problem persists, the system should be serviced.
PFD1 DB ERR – MFD1 terrain
database error exists.
The PFD detected a failure in the terrain database. Ensure that
the terrain card is properly inserted in display. Replace terrain
card. If problem persists, the system should be serviced.
PFD1 KEYSTK– PFD1 [key
name] Key is stuck.
A key is stuck on the PFD bezel. Attempt to free the stuck
key by pressing it several times. The G1000 system should be
serviced if the problem persists.
Abnormal
Operation
PFD1 MANIFEST– PFD1
software mismatch,
communication halted.
The PFD has incorrect software installed. The G1000 system
should be serviced.
PFD1 SERVICE– PFD1 needs
service. Return unit for repair.
The PFD a self-test has detected a problem. The G1000 system
should be serviced.
PFD1 SOFTWARE– PFD1
mismatch, communication
halted.
The specified GDU has different software versions installed.
The system should be serviced.
Annun/
Alerts
Appendix
Index
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
Hazard
Avoidance
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Procedures
PFD1 DB ERR – PFD1 obstacle
database error exists.
Additional
Features
Flight
Planning
PFD1 DB ERR – PFD1 navigation The PFD detected a failure in the navigation database. Attempt
database error exists.
to reload the navigation database. If problem persists, the
system should be serviced.
GPS Nav
The PFD detected a failure in the FliteCharts database (optional
feature). Ensure that the data card is properly inserted.
Replace the data card If problem persists, the system should
be serviced.
AFCS
PFD1 DB ERR – MFD1
FliteCharts database error exists.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
The PFD detected a failure in the ChartView database (optional
feature). Ensure that the data card is properly inserted.
Replace data card. If problem persists, the system should be
serviced.
EICAS
PFD1 DB ERR – MFD1
Chartview database error exists.
129
Message
PFD1 TERRAIN DSP – PFD1
Terrain awareness display
unavailable.
Comments
One of the terrain or obstacle databases required for TAWS in
PFD1 is missing or invalid.
PFD1 VOLTAGE – PFD1 has low The PFD1 voltage is low. The G1000 system should be serviced.
voltage. Reducing power usage
PFD2 BACKLIGHT
CALIBRATION– PFD2 bklt
cal lost or mismatch. Return for
repair.
The specified GDU’s backlight calibration cannot be found or
found or is invalid. The system should be serviced.
PFD2 CARD 1 ERR– PFD2 card The SD card in the top card slot of the specified PFD contains
1 is invalid.
invalid data.
PFD2 CARD 1 REM– PFD2
card 1 was removed. Reinsert
card.
The SD card was removed from the top card slot of the
specified PFD. The SD card needs to be reinserted.
PFD2 CARD 2 ERR– PFD2 card The SD card in the bottom card slot of the specified PFD
2 is invalid.
contains invalid data.
PFD2 CARD 2 REM– PFD2
card 2 was removed. Reinsert
card.
The SD card was removed from the bottom card slot of the
specified PFD. The SD card needs to be reinserted.
PFD2 CONFIG– PFD2 config
error. Config service req’d.
The PFD configuration settings do not match backup
configuration memory. The G1000 system should be serviced.
PFD2 COOLING– PFD2 has
poor cooling. Reducing power
usage.
The PFD is overheating and is reducing power consumption by
dimming the display. If problem persists, the G1000 system
should be serviced.
PFD2 DB ERR – MFD1 Airport
Directory database error exists.
The PFD detected a failure in the Airport Directory database.
Ensure that the data card is properly inserted. Replace data card.
If problem persists, the system should be serviced.
PFD2 DB ERR – MFD1 basemap
The PFD detected a failure in the basemap database.
database error exists.
PFD2 DB ERR – MFD1
Chartview database error exists.
The PFD detected a failure in the ChartView database (optional
feature). Ensure that the data card is properly inserted.
Replace data card. If problem persists, the system should be
serviced.
PFD2 DB ERR – MFD1
FliteCharts database error exists.
The PFD detected a failure in the FliteCharts database (optional
feature). Ensure that the data card is properly inserted.
Replace the data card If problem persists, the system should
be serviced.
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EICAS
Flight
Instruments
Annunciations & Alerts
130
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Annunciations & Alerts
Comments
The PFD detected a failure in more than one database. If
problem persists, the system should be serviced.
PFD2 DB ERR – PFD1
navigation database error exists.
The PFD detected a failure in the navigation database. Attempt
to reload the navigation database. If problem persists, the
system should be serviced.
PFD2 DB ERR – PFD1 obstacle
database error exists.
The PFD detected a failure in the obstacle database. Ensure
that the data card is properly inserted. Replace data card. If
problem persists, the system should be serviced.
PFD2 DB ERR – PFD1 obstacle
database missing.
The obstacle database is present on another LRU, but is missing
on the specified LRU.
PFD2 DB ERR – PFD1 Safe Taxi
database error exists.
The PFD detected a failure in the Safe Taxi database. Ensure
that the data card is properly inserted. Replace data card. If
problem persists, the system should be serviced.
PFD2 DB ERR – MFD1 terrain
database error exists.
The PFD detected a failure in the terrain database. Ensure that
the terrain card is properly inserted in display. Replace terrain
card. If problem persists, the system should be serviced.
PFD2 KEYSTK– PFD2 [key
name] Key is stuck.
A key is stuck on the PFD bezel. Attempt to free the stuck
key by pressing it several times. The G1000 system should be
serviced if the problem persists.
Procedures
PFD2 MANIFEST– PFD2
software mismatch,
communication halted.
The PFD has incorrect software installed. The G1000 system
should be serviced.
PFD2 SERVICE– PFD2 needs
service. Return unit for repair.
The PFD self-test has detected a problem. The G1000 system
should be serviced.
PFD2 SOFTWARE– PFD2
mismatch, communication
halted.
The specified GDU has different software versions installed.
The system should be serviced.
PFD2 TERRAIN DSP – PFD2
Terrain awareness display
unavailable.
One of the terrain, or obstacle databases required for TAWS in
PFD2 is missing or invalid.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
GPS Nav
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
Index
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Appendix
Invalid leg type for parallel offset.
Annun/
Alerts
PTK FAIL– Parallel track
unavailable: invalid leg type.
Abnormal
Operation
Bad parallel track geometry.
AFCS
PFD2 VOLTAGE – PFD2 has low The PFD2 voltage is low. The G1000 system should be serviced.
voltage. Reducing power usage
PTK FAIL– Parallel track
unavailable: bad geometry.
EICAS
PFD2 DB ERR – MFD1 multiple
database errors exists.
Flight
Planning
Flight
Instruments
Message
131
Message
Comments
PTK FAIL– Parallel track
unavailable: past IAF.
IAF waypoint for parallel offset has been passed.
SCHEDULER [#]– <message>.
Message criteria entered by the user.
The system notifies the pilot to set the Nav Angle units on the
Avionics Settings Screen to Magnetic.
AFCS
SLCT NAV– Select NAV on CDI
for approach.
The system notifies the pilot to set the CDI to the correct NAV
receiver. Set the CDI to the correct NAV receiver.
GPS Nav
SLCT NON-MAG– Select
alternate NAV ANGLE display
units.
The system notifies the pilot to set the Nav Angle units on the
Avionics Settings Screen to True.
SPD KEY DISABLED– The SPD
key is disabled for this model
aircraft.
The SPD Key on GMC 710 has no function in this aircraft
model.
STEEP TURN – Steep turn
ahead.
A steep turn is 15 seconds ahead. Prepare to turn.
STRMSCP FAIL– Stormscope
has failed.
Stormscope has failed. The G1000 system should be serviced.
SVT DISABLED– Out of
available terrain region.
Synthetic Vision is disabled because the aircraft is not within
the boundaries of the installed terrain database.
Additional
Features
SVT DISABLED– Terrain DB
resolution too low.
Synthetic Vision is disabled because a terrain database of
sufficient resolution (4.9 arc-second or better) is not currently
installed.
SW MISMATCH– GDU
software version mismatch.
Xtalk is off.
The MFD and PFDs have different software versions installed.
The G1000 system should be serviced.
TCAS FAIL – TCAS system is
inoperative.
The TCAS system has failed. The system should be serviced.
TERRAIN AUD CFG – Trn
Awareness audio config error.
Service req’d.
Terrain audio alerts are not configured properly. The system
should be serviced
TERRAIN DISABLED– Terrain
Awareness DB resolution too
low.
TAWS is disabled because a terrain database of sufficient
resolution (9 arc-second or better) is not currently installed.
Index
Appendix
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
SLCT MAG– Select MAGNETIC
NAV ANGLE display units.
Abnormal
Operation
SLCT FREQ– Select appropriate The system notifies the pilot to load the approach frequency for
frequency for approach.
the appropriate NAV receiver. Select the correct frequency for
the approach.
Annun/
Alerts
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EICAS
Flight
Instruments
Annunciations & Alerts
132
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Annunciations & Alerts
Comments
Flight
Instruments
Message
TRN AUD FAIL – Trn Awareness
audio source unavailable.
The audio source for terrain awareness is offline. Check GIA1
or GIA 2.
UNABLE V WPT – Can’t reach
current vertical waypoint.
The current vertical waypoint can not be reached within the
maximum flight path angle and vertical speed constraints. The
system automatically transitions to the next vertical waypoint.
VNV– UNAVAILABLE:
Excessive crosstrack error.
The current crosstrack exceeds the limit, causing vertical
deviation to go invalid.
VNV– UNAVAILABLE:
Excessive track angle error.
The current track angle error exceeds the limit, causing the
vertical deviation to go invalid.
VNV– UNAVAILABLE: Parallel
course selected.
A parallel course has been selected, causing the vertical
deviation to go invalid.
VNV– UNAVAILABLE:
Unsupported leg type in flight
plan.
The lateral flight plan contains a procedure turn, vector, or
other unsupported leg type prior to the active vertical waypoint.
This prevents vertical guidance to the active vertical waypoint.
WPT ARRIVAL – Arriving at
waypoint -[xxxx]
Arriving at waypoint [xxxx], where [xxxx] is the waypoint name.
WX ALERT – Possible severe
weather ahead.
The GWX 68 indicates severe weather within ±10 degrees of
the aircraft heading at a range of 80 to 320 nm.
XPDR1 OVER TEMP Transponder: Transponder over
temp.
The system has detected an over temperature condition in
XPDR1. The transmitter operates at reduced power. If the
problem persists, the system should be serviced.
XPDR1 SRVC – XPDR1 needs
service. Return unit for repair.
The #1 transponder should be serviced when possible.
XPDR1 FAIL– XPDR1 is
inoperative.
There is no communication with the #1 transponder.
XPDR1 SERVICE– XPDR1
needs service. Return unit for
repair.
The #1 transponder should be serviced when possible.
GPS Nav
The G1000 is no longer receiving data from the traffic system.
The traffic device should be serviced.
Procedures
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
Abnormal
Operation
Annun/
Alerts
Appendix
Index
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
Flight
Planning
XPDR2 CONFIG– XPDR2
The transponder configuration settings do not match those of
config error. Config service req’d. backup configuration memory. The G1000 system should be
serviced.
190-01842-01 Rev. A
AFCS
TRAFFIC FAIL– Traffic device
has failed.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
The system notifies the pilot that the timer has expired.
EICAS
TIMER EXPIRD– Timer has
expired.
133
Message
Comments
XPDR2 FAIL– XPDR2 is
inoperative.
There is no communication with the #2 transponder.
XPDR2 SERVICE– XPDR2
needs service. Return unit for
repair.
The #2 transponder should be serviced when possible.
XTALK ERROR– A flight display The MFD and PFDs are not communicating with each other.
crosstalk error has occurred.
The G1000 system should be serviced.
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EICAS
Flight
Instruments
Annunciations & Alerts
134
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Appendix
Flight
Instruments
APPENDIX
EICAS
SOFTKEY FUNCTION
Softkey On
Softkey Names (displayed)
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Move the softkey selection box to the desired softkey using the arrows of
the SEL Key.
2)
Press the center of the SEL Key to select the desired softkey.
Procedures
PFD SOFTKEY MAPS
LVL2
CAS
LVL3
LVL4
Description
Scroll up CAS messages (Accessible only when the
CAS Softkey is displayed)
CAS ↓
Scroll down CAS messages (Accessible only when the
CAS Softkey is displayed)
INSET
Abnormal
Operation
CAS ↑
Additional
Features
Displays the scroll keys. Only displayed when the
number of CAS messages exceeds the capacity of the
display window.
Hazard
Avoidance
LVL1
Flight
Planning
1)
GPS Nav
Selecting a softkey using the MFD Control Unit
AFCS
Bezel-Mounted Softkeys (press)
Softkeys (Second-Level PFD Configuration)
Displays Inset Map in PFD lower left corner
DCLTR (3)
Selects desired amount of map detail; cycles through
declutter levels:
Index
190-01842-01 Rev. A
DCLTR (No Declutter): All map features visible
DCLTR-1: Declutters land data
DCLTR-2: Declutters land and Special Use Airspace
(SUA) data
DCLTR-3: Removes everything except for the active
flight plan
135
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
Appendix
Removes Inset Map
Annun/
Alerts
OFF
LVL1
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EICAS
Flight
Instruments
Appendix
LVL3
LVL4
Displays icon and age on the Inset Map for the
selected weather products (optional)
TRAFFIC
Displays traffic information on Inset Map (optional)
TRAFFIC: No Traffic displayed on Inset Map
TRFC-1: Traffic displayed on Inset Map
TRFC-2: Traffic Only display shown
TOPO
Displays topographical data (e.g., coastlines, terrain,
rivers, lakes) and elevation scale on Inset Map
TERRAIN
Displays terrain information on Inset Map
STRMSCP
Displays Stormscope® information on Inset Map
(optional)
NEXRAD
or
PRECIP
Displays XM NEXRAD weather and coverage on Inset
Map (optional)
or
Displays Worldwide Weather precipitation on Inset
Map (optional)
XM LTNG
DL LTNG
Displays XM lightning information on Inset Map
(optional)
or
Displays Worldwide Weather lightning information on
Inset Map (optional)
METAR
Displays METAR information on Inset Map (optional)
Hazard
Avoidance
SENSOR
Annun/
Alerts
Displays softkeys for selecting the #1 and #2 AHRS
and Air Data Computers
ADC1
Selects the #1 Air Data Computer
ADC2
Selects the #2 Air Data Computer
AHRS1
Selects the #1 AHRS
AHRS2
Selects the #2 AHRS
Index
Appendix
PFD
Displays second-level softkeys for additional PFD
configurations
SYN VIS
PATHWAY
136
Description
WX LGND
or
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
LVL2
Displays the softkeys for enabling or disabling
Synthetic Vision features
Displays rectangular boxes representing the
horizontal and vertical flight path of the active flight
plan
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Appendix
LVL2
LVL3
LVL4
Description
Flight
Instruments
LVL1
HRZN HDG
Displays compass heading along the Zero-Pitch line
APTSIGNS
Displays position markers for airports within
approximately 15 nm of the current aircraft position.
Airport identifiers are displayed when the airport is
within approximately 9 nm.
Resets PFD to default settings, including changing
units to standard
WIND
Displays softkeys to select wind data parameters
OPTN 2
Wind direction arrow and numeric speed
OPTN 3
Wind direction arrow with headwind/tailwind and
crosswind numeric speed components
OFF
Information not displayed
Cycles the Bearing 1 Information Window through
NAV1, GPS/ waypoint identifier and GPS-derived
distance information, and ADF/frequency.
HSI FRMT
Displays the softkeys for selecting the two HSI
formats
Displays HSI as a 360° compass rose
ARC HSI
Displays HSI as a 140° viewable arc
Abnormal
Operation
360 HSI
Additional
Features
BRG1
Hazard
Avoidance
Displays/removes the DME Information Window
(optional)
Procedures
DME
Flight
Planning
Headwind/tailwind and crosswind arrows with
numeric speed components
GPS Nav
OPTN 1
AFCS
DFLTS
Cycles the Bearing 2 Information Window through
NAV2 or GPS waypoint identifier and GPS-derived
distance information, and ADF/frequency.
ALT UNIT
Displays softkeys for setting the altimeter and BARO
settings to metric units
Press to display the BARO setting as inches of
mercury
HPA
Press to display the BARO setting as hectopascals
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
Index
IN
Appendix
When enabled, displays altimeter in meters
Annun/
Alerts
BRG2
METERS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Enables synthetic terrain depiction
EICAS
SYN TERR
137
LVL1
LVL4
Description
Sets barometric pressure to 29.92 in Hg (1013 hPa if
metric units are selected)
OBS
Selects OBS mode on the CDI when navigating by
GPS (only available with active leg)
CDI
Cycles through GPS, VOR1, and VOR2 navigation
modes on the CDI
ADF/DME
Displays the ADF/DME Tuning Window, allowing
tuning and selection of the DME (optional)
XPDR
Displays transponder mode selection softkeys
Flight
Planning
Procedures
Hazard
Avoidance
LVL3
XPDR1
Selects the #1 transponder as active
XPDR2
Selects the #2 transponder as active (optional)
STBY
Selects standby mode (transponder does not reply to
any interrogations)
ON
Selects Mode A (transponder replies to interrogations)
ALT
Selects Mode C – altitude reporting mode
(transponder replies to identification and altitude
interrogations)
VFR
Automatically enters the VFR code (1200 in the U.S.A.
only)
CODE
Displays transponder code selection softkeys 0-7
0—7
BKSP
Removes numbers entered, one at a time
Enables/disables automatic transmission of ADS-B
position and speed.
IDENT
Activates the Special Position Identification (SPI) pulse
for 18 seconds, identifying the transponder return on
the ATC screen
TMR/REF
Displays Timer/References Window
NRST
Displays Nearest Airports Window
MSG
Displays Messages Window
Index
Appendix
Abnormal
Operation
ADS-B TX
Use numbers to enter code
Annun/
Alerts
Additional
Features
LVL2
STD BARO
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EICAS
Flight
Instruments
Appendix
138
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Appendix
INSET
PFD
SENSOR
OBS
CDI
(optional)
ADF/DME
XPDR
IDENT
TMR/REF
NRST
MSG
Flight
Instruments
CAS
CDI (NAV1)
EICAS
CDI (NAV2)
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
CDI (GPS)
Top Level PFD Softkeys
INSET
SENSOR
PFD
OBS
CDI
(optional)
ADF/DME
XPDR
IDENT
TMR/REF
NRST
AFCS
CAS
MSG
OFF
DCLTR
WX LGND TRAFFIC
TRFC-1
DCLTR-2
TRFC-2
TOPO
PRECIP
or
TERRAIN STRMSCP NEXRAD
DL LTNG
or
XM LTNG
(optional)
METAR
BACK
MSG
Select the BACK or OFF Softkey
to return to the top-level softkeys.
Procedures
DCLTR-3
INSET Softkeys
SENSOR
PFD
OBS
CDI
(optional)
ADF/DME
XPDR
IDENT
TMR/REF
NRST
MSG
ADC1
ADC2
AHRS1
AHRS2
BACK
MSG
Abnormal
Operation
Press the BACK Softkey to
return to the top level softkeys.
Additional
Features
INSET
Hazard
Avoidance
CAS
Flight
Planning
DCLTR-1
(optional)
GPS Nav
(optional) (optional)
(optional) (optional)
Annun/
Alerts
SENSOR Softkeys
Appendix
Index
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
139
Flight
Instruments
Appendix
CAS
INSET
SENSOR
SYN VIS
DFLTS
WIND
PFD
OBS
CDI
BRG1
HSI FMT
(optional)
ADF/DME
XPDR
IDENT
TMR/REF
NRST
MSG
ALT UNIT STD BARO
BACK
MSG
DME
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EICAS
(optional)
AFCS
(optional)
BRG2
NAV1
NAV2
GPS
GPS
ADF
ADF
OFF
OFF
GPS Nav
360 HSI
Select the BACK Softkey
to return to the top-level softkeys
(optional)
ARC HSI
IN
HPA
MSG
BACK
MSG
BACK
MSG
BACK
MSG
Flight
Planning
METERS
BACK
Procedures
OPTN1
OPTN2
OPTN3
OFF
Hazard
Avoidance
PATHWAY SYN TERR HRZN HDG APTSIGNS
Additional
Features
PFD Configuration Softkeys
INSET
SENSOR
PFD
OBS
CDI
(optional)
ADF/DME
XPDR
IDENT
TMR/REF
NRST
MSG
Abnormal
Operation
Press the BACK Softkey to return
to the top-level softkeys.
(optional)
XPDR2
STBY
ON
ALT
0
1
2
3
4
VFR
Annun/
Alerts
XPDR1
CODE
IDENT
ADS-B TX
BACK
MSG
Appendix
Selecting BACK returns to the previous softkey level.
5
6
7
IDENT
BKSP
BACK
MSG
Index
XPDR Softkeys
140
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Appendix
LVL1
LVL2
LVL3
MAP
Flight
Instruments
MFD SOFTKEYS
LVL4
PROFILE
Displays a profile view below the navigation map
providing terrain/obstacle information along the
current track and altitude.
TOPO
Displays topographical data (e.g., coastlines, terrain,
rivers, lakes) and elevation scale on Navigation Map
TERRAIN
Displays terrain information on Navigation Map
AFCS
Displays traffic information on Navigation Map
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
TRAFFIC
EICAS
Enables second-level Navigation Map softkeys
Displays XM NEXRAD weather and coverage on
Navigation Map Page (optional)
or
Displays Worldwide Weather precipitation on
Navigation Map Page (optional)
or
XM LTNG
DL LTNG
LEGEND
Displays weather legend information in the Connext
Weather Legends Window (optional)
WX RADAR
Displays weather radar information (optional)
BACK
Returns to top-level softkeys
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
Index
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Appendix
Displays METAR information on Navigation Map Page
(optional)
Annun/
Alerts
METAR
Abnormal
Operation
or
Displays XM lightning information on Navigation Map
Page (optional)
or
Displays Worldwide Weather lightning information on
Navigation Map Page (optional)
Additional
Features
PRECIP
Hazard
Avoidance
NEXRAD
Procedures
Displays Stormscope information on Navigation Map
(optional)
Flight
Planning
STRMSCP
GPS Nav
AIRWAYS
Displays airways on the map; cycles through the
(Default label is dependent on following:
map setup option selected)
AIRWAYS: No airways are displayed
AIRWY ON: All airways are displayed
AIRWY LO: Only low altitude airways are displayed
AIRWY HI: Only high altitude airways are displayed
141
LVL1
LVL2
LVL3
LVL4
DCLTR (3)
Selects desired amount of map detail; cycles through
declutter levels:
DCLTR (No Declutter): All map features visible
DCLTR-1: Declutters land data
DCLTR-2: Declutters land and Special Use Airspace
(SUA) data
DCLTR-3: Removes everything except for the active
flight plan
SHW CHRT
When available, displays optional airport and terminal
procedure charts
CHKLIST
When available, displays optional checklists
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EICAS
Flight
Instruments
Appendix
(optional)
DCLTR SHW CHRT CHKLIST
Flight
Planning
MAP
DCLTR
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
DCLTR-1
DCLTR-2
DCLTR-3
(optional) (optional)
(optional)
TRAFFIC
PROFILE
TOPO
TERRAIN
AIRWAYS
STRMSCP
PRECIP
or
NEXRAD
(optional) (optional) (optional)
METAR
LEGEND
WX RADAR
BACK
Press the BACK softkey to
return to the top-level softkeys.
AIRWAYS
Additional
Features
DL LTNG
or
XM LTNG
AIRWY ON
Abnormal
Operation
AIRWY LO
AIRWY HI
Annun/
Alerts
DONE
EXIT
EMERGCY
The DONE Softkey label changes to UNDO
when the checklist item is already checked.
Index
Appendix
MFD Softkeys
142
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Appendix
Procedures
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
Abnormal
Operation
Annun/
Alerts
Appendix
In some cases it may be necessary to obtain an unlock code from Garmin in order
to make the database product functional. It may also be necessary to have the system
configured by a Garmin authorized service facility in order to use some database
features.
If an error occurs during synchronization, an error message will be displayed,
followed by the affected display in the Sync Status section of the Database Window. If
synchronization completes on one display, but an error occurs on another, the error
message will be displayed with the affected displays listed after it. When an error
message is displayed, the problem must be corrected before synchronization can be
completed. A power cycle is required to restart synchronization when ‘Card Full’ or
‘Err’ is shown.
Flight
Planning
result in the expiration date on the power-up screen and the effective
date on the AUX-SYSTEM STATUS Page being displayed in amber.
GPS Nav
NOTE: Loading a database in the system prior to its effective date will
AFCS
NOTE: When loading database updates, the ‘DB Mismatch’ message will
be displayed until database synchronization is complete, followed by turning
system power off, then on. Synchronization can be monitored on the AUXSYSTEM STATUS Page.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
CAUTION: Never disconnect power to the system when loading a database.
Power interruption during the database loading process could result in maintenance being required to reboot the system.
EICAS
Database information is obtained from third party sources. Inaccuracies in the data
may be discovered from time to time. Garmin communicates this information by issuing a Database Alert. These notifications are available on http://fly.garmin.com.
Garmin requests the flight crew report any observed discrepancies related to
database information. These discrepancies could come in the form of an incorrect
procedure; incorrectly identified terrain, obstacles and fixes; or any other displayed
item used for navigation or communication in the air or on the ground. Go to http://
fly.garmin.com and select “Aviation Data Error Report”.
Flight
Instruments
LOADING UPDATED DATABASES
Index
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
143
Error Message
Description
Canceled
Database synchronization has been canceled by removing the bottom SD card in
display being updated
Card Full
SD card does not contain sufficient memory
Err
Displayed for all other errors that may cause the synchronization process to be
halted
Timeout
System timed-out prior to the database transfer completing
Updating the active navigation database (not using the Dual
Navigation Database or Automatic Database Synchronization
Features):
1) With the system OFF, insert the SD card containing the navigation database
update into the top card slot of the display (PFD or MFD) to be updated
(label of SD card facing left).
2) Turn the system ON. A prompt similar to the following is displayed in the
upper left corner of the display:
3) Press the NO Softkey to proceed to loading the active database.
4) A prompt similar to the following is displayed, press the YES Softkey to
update the active navigation database.
5) After the update completes, the display starts in normal mode. Do not
remove power while the display is starting.
6) Turn the system OFF and remove the SD card from the top card slot.
7) Repeat steps 1 through 6 for the other displays. Remove the SD card when
finished.
8) Apply power to the system and press the ENT Key to acknowledge the startup
screen.
9) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the AUX Page group on the MFD.
10) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the System Status Page.
11) Press the Display Database Selection Softkey to show active navigation
database information for each display. Verify the correct active navigation
database cycle information is shown for each display.
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EICAS
Flight
Instruments
Appendix
Index
Loading a standby navigation database:
1) With the system OFF, insert the SD card containing the new navigation
database version into the top card slot of the MFD.
144
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Appendix
5)
After the navigation database files are copied to the bottom SD card, the
display will appear as shown in Figure B-4.
6)
As instructed on the display, press any key to continue. The display will now
appear as shown in Figure B-5.
Press any key to continue.
7)
9)
Press the ENT Key to acknowledge the startup screen.
Flight
Planning
Press the NO Softkey. The display now starts in normal mode. Since the
database effective date is not yet valid, it should not be loaded as the
active database. The display now starts in normal mode. Do not remove
power while the display is starting.
GPS Nav
8)
AFCS
Turn the system ON. A prompt similar to the following is displayed.
Press the YES Softkey. The navigation database is copied to the SD card in
the bottom card slot of the MFD.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
3)
4)
EICAS
Verify that an SD card is inserted in the bottom slot of each PFD and the
MFD.
Flight
Instruments
2)
10) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the AUX Page group on the MFD.
13) Turn system power OFF.
Additional
Features
14) Remove the SD card from the top card slot of the MFD.
Hazard
Avoidance
12) The new database is copied to the SD card in the bottom card slot of each
PFD. Progress can be monitored in the SYNC STATUS field. When copying
is finished, ‘Complete’ is displayed.
Procedures
11) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the System Status Page.
15) Turn system power ON.
Abnormal
Operation
16) Press the ENT Key to acknowledge the startup screen.
17) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the AUX Page group on the MFD.
18) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the System Status Page.
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
145
Index
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Appendix
NOTE: The system compares the active databases on each PFD and the MFD,
and displays a system alert message ‘DB Mismatch’ if they are not identical.
Similarly, if the standby databases on each PFD and the MFD are not identical, the system will display a ‘DB Mismatch’ alert for the standby navigation
databases.
Annun/
Alerts
19) Press the Display Database Selection Softkey to show standby navigation
database information for each display. Verify the correct standby navigation
database cycle information is shown for each display.
Appendix
1)
With system power OFF, remove the MFD database card from the bottom
card slot of the MFD.
2)
Update the basemap, SafeTaxi, obstacle and/or airport directory databases
on the MFD card.
3)
Insert the MFD database card into the bottom card slot of the MFD.
4)
Apply power to the system, check that the databases are initialized and
displayed on the power-up screen. If a ‘Verifying’ message is seen, wait for
the system to finish loading before proceeding to step 5.
5)
Acknowledge the Power-up Page agreement by pressing the ENT Key or
the right most softkey.
6)
Turn the large FMS Knob to select the AUX Page group on the MFD.
7)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the System Status Page.
8)
Monitor the Sync Status in the Database Window. Wait for all databases to
complete syncing, indicated by ‘Complete’ being displayed as seen in Figure
B-9.
9)
Remove and reapply power to the system.
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EICAS
Flight
Instruments
Updating Basemap, SafeTaxi, Obstacle, and Airport Directory Databases
Hazard
Avoidance
10) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the AUX Page group on the MFD.
11) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the System Status Page.
Additional
Features
12) Press the Display Database Selection Softkey to show database information
for each display. Verify the correct database cycle information is shown for
each database for each display.
Annun/
Alerts
With system power OFF, remove the Supplemental Data Card from the
bottom card slot of the MFD and PFDs.
2)
Copy the updated database to each of the Supplemental Data Cards. Copy
the updated FliteCharts or ChartView database to one Supplemental Data
Card.
3)
Insert the updated Supplemental Data Cards into the bottom card slot of
the MFD and PFDs. The Supplemental Data Card containing the FliteCharts
or ChartView database is inserted in the MFD.
Index
1)
Appendix
Abnormal
Operation
Updating Terrain, FliteCharts, and ChartView Databases
146
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Appendix
5)
Acknowledge the Power-up Page agreement by pressing the ENT Key or
the right most softkey.
6)
Turn the large FMS Knob to select the AUX Page group on the MFD.
7)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the System Status Page.
8)
Press the Display Database Selection Softkey to show database information
for each display. Verify the correct database cycle information is shown for
each database for each display.
9)
Remove power from the system.
EICAS
Apply power to the system, check that the databases are initialized and
displayed on the power-up screen (Figure B-10). A ‘Verifying’ message may
be seen. If this message is present, wait for the system to finish loading
before proceeding to step 5.
Flight
Instruments
4)
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
AFCS
GPS Nav
Magnetic Field Variation Database Update
Flight
Planning
Procedures
Hazard
Avoidance
A copy of the current magnetic field variation database (MV DB) is included with
the navigation database. At startup, the system compares this version of the MV DB
with that presently being used by each AHRS (GRS1 and GRS2). If the system determines the MV DB needs to be updated, a prompt is displayed on the Navigation Map
Page, as shown in Figure B-12. Note, in the following example, GRS1 is the first AHRS
to indicate an update is available. In actuality, this is dependent on which AHRS is the
first to report status to the system. GRS2 may be displayed before GRS1. The order is
not important, only that both AHRS be updated.
Additional
Features
Abnormal
Operation
Annun/
Alerts
GRS1 Magnetic Field Variation Database Update Prompt
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
147
Index
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Appendix
Loading the magnetic field variation database update:
1) With ‘OK’ highlighted, as shown in the previous figure, press the ENT Key
on the MFD. A progress monitor is displayed as shown in the following
figure.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EICAS
Flight
Instruments
Appendix
AFCS
Uploading Database to GRS1
When the upload is complete, the prompt for the next GRS upload is
displayed, as seen in the following figure.
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
2)
Hazard
Avoidance
GRS2 Magnetic Field Variation Database Update Prompt
With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key on the MFD. A progress monitor
is displayed as shown in the following figure. When the upload is complete,
the system is ready for use.
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
3)
Index
Uploading Database to GRS2
148
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Index
Procedures
E
Edit a flight plan 36
Electronic Checklists 97, 98
Electronic Stability 94
Emergency Checklist 97
ESP 94, 95, 96
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
F
Index
Index-1
Appendix
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
Annun/
Alerts
FD 108
Flap position
Asymmetrical deflection warning 105,
106
Flight Director 15
Flight Plan
Importing 31
FliteCharts® 74, 75
Frequency Transfer 8
Abnormal
Operation
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Flight
Planning
Cabin pressure altitude 5
CDI 1, 2, 8
ChartView 74, 75
Checklists 96–97
DB Mismatch 143, 145
DCLTR Softkey 74
Dead Reckoning 101
Declutter 100
Designated altitudes 21, 22
Differential cabin pressure 5
Warning 105
Direct-to 19
DME 7, 8
DR mode 101, 102
GPS Nav
C
D
AFCS
Barometric Altitude Minimums 3
Battery
Overheat warning 105
Voltage 5
Bearing line 69, 70
Blue-Select Mode 13
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
B
EICAS
Access code 51
Activate a flight plan 20
Active Channel 89
Active database 144
AC-U-KWIK 76
ADF 7, 8
Advisory alerts 113
Aircraft alerts 105
Air Data Computer 107
Airport Directory 76
Altimeter setting 1, 100
Antenna stabilization 71
Antenna tilt 69
AOPA 76
AOPA’s Airport Directory 76
AP 108
Attitude & Heading Reference System
107
Audio panel controls
NAV1, NAV2 8
Autopilot 108
CLD TOP Softkey 58
Clearance player 9
Clearance recorder 9
Code selection softkeys 8
COM 8, 9, 99
Controls
Softkeys 135–138
Flight
Instruments
A
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EICAS
Flight
Instruments
Index
Fuel
Alerts 105–106
Flow 5
Pressure 5
Quantity 5
G
Annun/
Alerts
Appendix
N
NAV 8
NAV1 2, 8
NAV2 2, 8
Navigation database 21, 22, 114
NEXRAD 47
NEXRAD Softkey 57
Gain 70
Generator
Speed 5
H
Horizontal scan 69
I
O
Intercom isolation 9
Interturbine Temperature (ITT) 5
Warning 105
IOI 109, 111
Iridium 77, 80
Iridium satellite network 77, 81
OBS 2
Oil, engine
Alerts 105
Pressure 5
Temperature 5
Overspeed Protection 16
Oxygen warning 105
J
P
Jeppesen 75
PIREP 61
PIT 107
Power-up Page 96
Predefined message 83, 84, 85
Primary Flight Display (PFD)
Softkeys 135–137
Profile View 47
Propeller speed 5
L
Level Mode 95
Lightning 46
M
Index
MKR/MUTE 9
Mode selection softkeys 7, 8
Multi Function Display (MFD)
Softkeys 141
Magnetic Field Variation Database 147
Map panning 48
Message advisories 115
MET 108
METAR 47
Minimums 113
MISCOMP 107
Index-2
R
Register 51
Reversionary Mode
EICAS 5
Reversionary mode 99
ROC 109, 111
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Index
V
EICAS
Vertical speed guidance 22
Vertical track 113
VNV 19, 100
Volume 90
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
W
AFCS
Procedures
X
Hazard
Avoidance
XM Radio 88, 89
T
Additional
Features
Annun/
Alerts
Appendix
Index
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
Abnormal
Operation
TA 113
TAF 47, 59
TAS 63, 113
TAWS 66, 67
TAWS-B 66
Telephone 13, 77
Terrain 64, 65, 66, 109, 111
Terrain-SVS 65, 66
Text message 81, 82, 83, 85
Tilt line 69
Timer 2
Torque 5
Traffic 45, 63
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Flight
Planning
WATCH® 71
Waypoint Selection Submenu 30
Weather Attenuated Color Highlight 71
Weather data link page 48
Weather radar 68
Winds Aloft 60
WIND Softkey 60
GPS Nav
SafeTaxi® 74
SBAS 16, 40, 66, 67, 101
Scheduler 90
SD Card
Flight Plan Importing 31
Sector scan 70
Secure Digital (SD) card 96
Sensor 107
SiriusXM presets 89
SiriusXM radio volume 90
SiriusXM weather 47
Softkeys
PFD 135
STAB 71
Standby Navigation Database 145
Store Flight Plan 36
Stormscope lightning data 45, 46
SVS 73
Synchronization 144
Synthetic Vision System 73
System ID 50
Traffic Advisory (TA) 62, 113
Traffic map page 63, 64
Transponder 7, 8
Flight
Instruments
S
Index-3
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EICAS
Flight
Instruments
Index
Blank Page
Index-4
Garmin G1000 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Piper PA-46 Meridian
190-01842-01 Rev. A
Garmin International, Inc.
1200 East 151st Street
Olathe, KS 66062, U.S.A.
Garmin AT, Inc.
2345 Turner Road SE
Salem, OR 97302, U.S.A.
Garmin (Europe) Ltd.
Liberty House, Hounsdown Business Park
Southampton, Hampshire SO40 9LR U.K.
Garmin Corporation
No. 68, Jangshu 2nd Road
Shijr, Taipei County, Taiwan
Contact Garmin Product Support at www.flygarmin.com.
For warranty information refer to www.flygarmin.com.
© 2007, 2009, 2010, 2014,2017 Garmin Ltd. or its subsidiaries
190-01842-01 Rev. A
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