Garmin | G950 | Garmin G950 G950 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander

Garmin G950 G950 Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
G950
®
Integrated Flight Deck
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS
ENGINE INDICATION SYSTEM
NAV/COM/TRANSPONDER/AUDIO PANEL
AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
GPS NAVIGATION
FLIGHT PLANNING
PROCEDURES
HAZARD AVOIDANCE
ADDITIONAL FEATURES
ABNORMAL OPERATION
ANNUNCIATIONS & ALERTS
APPENDIX
INDEX
Copyright © 2014, 2015 Garmin Ltd. or its subsidiaries. All rights reserved.
This manual reflects the operation of System Software version 2037.06 or later for the Twin
Commander. Some differences in operation may be observed when comparing the information
in this manual to earlier or later software versions.
Garmin International, Inc., 1200 East 151st Street, Olathe, Kansas 66062, U.S.A.
Tel: 913/397.8200Fax: 913/397.8282
Garmin AT, Inc., 2345 Turner Road SE, Salem, OR 97302, U.S.A.
Tel: 503/391.3411Fax 503/364.2138
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SO40 9LR, U.K.
Tel: 44 (0) 23 8052 4000
Fax: 44 (0) 23 8052 4004
Garmin Corporation, No. 68, Jangshu 2nd Road, Shijr, Taipei County, Taiwan
Tel: 886/02.2642.9199
Fax: 886/02.2642.9099
For after-hours emergency, aircraft on ground (AOG) technical support for Garmin panel mount
and integrated avionics systems, please contact Garmin’s AOG Hotline at 913.397.0836.
Web Site Address: www.garmin.com
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notice and provided further that any unauthorized commercial distribution of this manual or any
revision hereto is strictly prohibited.
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trademarks may not be used without the express permission of Garmin.
NavData® is a registered trademark of Jeppesen, Inc.; Stormscope® is a registered trademark
of L-3 Communications.
SiriusXM Weather and SiriusXM Satellite Radio are provided by SiriusXM Satellite Radio, Inc.
The Bluetooth® word mark and logos are owned by the Bluetooth SIG, Inc. and any use of such
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AC-U-KWIK® is a registered trademark of Penton Business Media Inc.
AOPA Membership Publications, Inc. and its related organizations (hereinafter collectively
“AOPA”) expressly disclaim all warranties, with respect to the AOPA information included in this
data, express or implied, including, but not limited to, the implied warranties of merchantability
and fitness for a particular purpose. The information is provided “as is” and AOPA does not
warrant or make any representations regarding its accuracy, reliability, or otherwise. Under
no circumstances including negligence, shall AOPA be liable for any incidental, special or
consequential damages that result from the use or inability to use the software or related
documentation, even if AOPA or an AOPA authorized representative has been advised of the
possibility of such damages. User agrees not to sue AOPA and, to the maximum extent allowed
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to any actual or alleged inaccuracies in the information. Some jurisdictions do not allow the
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AC-U-KWIK and its related organizations (hereafter collectively “AC-U-KWIK Organizations”)
expressly disclaim all warranties with respect to the AC-U-KWIK information included in this
data, express or implied, including, but not limited to, the implied warranties of merchantability
and fitness for a particular purpose. The information is provided “as is” and AC-U-KWIK
Organizations do not warrant or make any representations regarding its accuracy, reliability, or
otherwise. Licensee agrees not to sue AC-U-KWIK Organizations and, to the maximum extent
allowed by law, to release and hold harmless AC-U-KWIK Organizations from any cause of
action, claims or losses related to any actual or alleged inaccuracies in the information arising
out of Garmin’s use of the information in the datasets. Some jurisdictions do not allow the
limitation or exclusion of implied warranties or liability for incidental or consequential damages
so the above limitations or exclusions may not apply to licensee.
July, 2015
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Printed in the U.S.A.
Warnings, Cautions & Notes
WARNING: Navigation and terrain separation must NOT be predicated upon
the use of the terrain avoidance feature. The terrain avoidance feature is NOT
intended to be used as a primary reference for terrain avoidance and does
not relieve the pilot from the responsibility of being aware of surroundings
during flight. The terrain avoidance feature is only to be used as an aid for
terrain avoidance. Terrain data is obtained from third party sources. Garmin
is not able to independently verify the accuracy of the terrain data.
WARNING: The displayed minimum safe altitudes (MSAs) are only advisory
in nature and should not be relied upon as the sole source of obstacle and
terrain avoidance information. Always refer to current aeronautical charts
for appropriate minimum clearance altitudes.
WARNING: Do not use outdated database information. Databases used in
the system must be updated regularly in order to ensure that the information
remains current. Pilots using any outdated database do so entirely at their
own risk.
WARNING: Do not use basemap (land and water data) information for
primary navigation. Basemap data is intended only to supplement other
approved navigation data sources and should be considered as an aid to
enhance situational awareness.
WARNING: Traffic information shown on system displays is provided as an
aid in visually acquiring traffic. Pilots must maneuver the aircraft based only
upon ATC guidance or positive visual acquisition of conflicting traffic.
WARNING: Do not use data link weather information for maneuvering in, near,
or around areas of hazardous weather. Information contained within data
link weather products may not accurately depict current weather conditions.
WARNING: Do not use the indicated data link weather product age to
determine the age of the weather information shown by the data link weather
product. Due to time delays inherent in gathering and processing weather
data for data link transmission, the weather information shown by the data
link weather product may be significantly older than the indicated weather
product age.
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
Warnings, Cautions & Notes
WARNING: The G950® Integrated Flight Deck, as installed in the Twin
Commander aircraft, has a very high degree of functional integrity. However,
the pilot must recognize that providing monitoring and/or self-test capability
for all conceivable system failures is not practical. Although unlikely, it may
be possible for erroneous operation to occur without a fault indication
shown by the system. It is thus the responsibility of the pilot to detect such
an occurrence by means of cross-checking with all redundant or correlated
information available in the cockpit.
WARNING: For safety reasons, system operational procedures must be learned
on the ground.
WARNING: The United States government operates the Global Positioning
System and is solely responsible for its accuracy and maintenance. The
GPS system is subject to changes which could affect the accuracy and
performance of all GPS equipment. Portions of the system utilize GPS as a
precision electronic NAVigation AID (NAVAID). Therefore, as with all NAVAIDs,
information presented by the system can be misused or misinterpreted and,
therefore, become unsafe.
WARNING: To reduce the risk of unsafe operation, carefully review and
understand all aspects of the G950® Pilot’s Guide documentation and the
Twin Commander Airplane Flight Manual. Thoroughly practice basic operation
prior to actual use. During flight operations, carefully compare indications
from the system to all available navigation sources, including the information
from other NAVAIDs, visual sightings, charts, etc. For safety purposes, always
resolve any discrepancies before continuing navigation.
WARNING: The illustrations in this guide are only examples. Never use
the system to attempt to penetrate a thunderstorm. Both the FAA Advisory
Circular, Subject: Thunderstorms, and the Aeronautical Information Manual
(AIM) recommend avoiding “by at least 20 miles any thunderstorm identified
as severe or giving an intense radar echo.”
WARNING: Lamp(s) inside this product may contain mercury (HG) and must
be recycled or disposed of according to local, state, or federal laws. For
more information, refer to our website at www.garmin.com/aboutGarmin/
environment/disposal.jsp.
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Warnings, Cautions & Notes
WARNING: Because of variation in the earth’s magnetic field, operating the
system within the following areas could result in loss of reliable attitude and
heading indications. North of 72° North latitude at all longitudes. South of
70° South latitude at all longitudes. North of 65° North latitude between
longitude 75° W and 120° W. (Northern Canada). North of 70° North latitude
between longitude 70° W and 128° W. (Northern Canada). North of 70° North
latitude between longitude 85° E and 114° E. (Northern Russia). South of
55° South latitude between longitude 120° E and 165° E. (Region south of
Australia and New Zealand).
WARNING: Do not use GPS to navigate to any active waypoint identified as
a ‘NON WGS84 WPT’ by a system message. ‘NON WGS84 WPT’ waypoints are
derived from an unknown map reference datum that may be incompatible
with the map reference datum used by GPS (known as WGS84) and may be
positioned in error as displayed.
WARNING: Do not use a QFE altimeter setting with this system. System
functions will not operate properly with a QFE altimeter setting. Use only
a QNH altimeter setting for height above mean sea level, or the standard
pressure setting, as applicable.
CAUTION: The PFD and MFD displays use a lens coated with a special
anti-reflective coating that is very sensitive to skin oils, waxes, and abrasive
cleaners. CLEANERS CONTAINING AMMONIA WILL HARM THE ANTIREFLECTIVE COATING. It is very important to clean the lens using a clean,
lint-free cloth and an eyeglass lens cleaner that is specified as safe for antireflective coatings.
CAUTION: The system does not contain any user-serviceable parts. Repairs
should only be made by an authorized Garmin service center. Unauthorized
repairs or modifications could void both the warranty and the pilot’s authority
to operate this device under FAA/FCC regulations.
NOTE: All visual depictions contained within this document, including screen
images of the panel and displays, are subject to change and may not reflect
the most current system and databases. Depictions of equipment may differ
slightly from the actual equipment.
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
Warnings, Cautions & Notes
NOTE: This device complies with part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is
subject to the following two conditions: (1) this device may not cause harmful
interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired operation.
NOTE: The data contained in the terrain and obstacle databases comes from
government agencies. Garmin accurately processes and cross-validates the
data, but cannot guarantee the accuracy and completeness of the data.
NOTE: This product, its packaging, and its components contain chemicals
known to the State of California to cause cancer, birth defects, or reproductive
harm. This notice is being provided in accordance with California’s Proposition
65. If you have any questions or would like additional information, please
refer to our web site at www.garmin.com/prop65.
NOTE: Interference from GPS repeaters operating inside nearby hangars can
cause an intermittent loss of attitude and heading displays while the aircraft
is on the ground. Moving the aircraft more than 100 yards away from the
source of the interference should alleviate the condition.
NOTE: The FAA has asked Garmin to remind pilots who fly with Garmin
database-dependent avionics of the following:
• It is the pilot’s responsibility to remain familiar with all FAA regulatory
and advisory guidance and information related to the use of databases in
the National Airspace System.
• Garmin equipment will only recognize and use databases that are
obtained from Garmin or Jeppesen. Databases obtained from Garmin
or Jeppesen are assured compliance with all data quality requirements
(DQRs) by virtue of a Type 2 Letter of Authorization (LOA) from the FAA. A
copy of the Type 2 LOA is available for each database and can be viewed
at http://fly.garmin.com by selecting ‘Type 2 LOA Status.’
• Use of a current Garmin or Jeppesen database in your Garmin equipment
is required for compliance with established FAA regulatory guidance, but
does not constitute authorization to fly any and all terminal procedures
that may be presented by the system. It is the pilot’s responsibility to
operate in accordance with established AFM(S) and regulatory guidance or
limitations as applicable to the pilot, the aircraft, and installed equipment.
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Warnings, Cautions & Notes
NOTE: The pilot/operator must review and be familiar with Garmin’s database
exclusion list as discussed in SAIB CE-14-04 to determine what data may be
incomplete. The database exclusion list can be viewed at www.flygarmin.
com by selecting ‘Database Exclusions List.’
NOTE: The pilot/operator must have access to Garmin and Jeppesen database alerts and consider their impact on the intended aircraft operation. The
database alerts can be viewed at www.flygarmin.com by selecting ‘Aviation
Database Alerts.’
NOTE: If the pilot/operator wants or needs to adjust the database, contact
Garmin Product Support to coordinate the revised DQRs.
NOTE: Garmin requests the flight crew report any observed discrepancies
related to database information. These discrepancies could come in the form
of an incorrect procedure; incorrectly identified terrain, obstacles and fixes;
or any other displayed item used for navigation or communication in the air
or on the ground. Go to FlyGarmin.com and select ‘Report An Aviation Data
Error Report.’
NOTE: Use of polarized eyewear may cause the flight displays to appear dim
or blank.
NOTE: The purpose of this Cockpit Reference Guide is to provide the pilot
a resource with which to find operating instructions on the major features
of the G950® system more easily. It is not intended to be a comprehensive
operating guide. Complete operating procedures for the system are found
in the G950® Integrated Flight Deck Pilot’s Guide.
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
Warnings, Cautions & Notes
Blank Page
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Record of Revisions
Part Number
190-01603-00
Rev A
Change Summary
Initial release
Revision Date of Revision Affected Pages
B
July, 2015
All
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Description
Added Bluetooth® connectivity with
Flight Stream 210
Added display of ADS-B traffic
Added FIS-B weather
Added GDL 69 SXM/69A SXM support
Added GDU 15.01 parameters
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
RR-1
Record of Revisions
Blank Page
RR-2
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Table of Contents
FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS................................................................................................................. 1
Selecting the Altimeter Barometric Pressure Setting....................................................... 1
Selecting Standard Barometric Pressure.............................................................................. 1
Change Altimeter Barometric Pressure Setting Units....................................................... 1
Synchronizing the Altimeter Barometric Pressure Settings............................................ 1
Synchronize CDI......................................................................................................................... 1
Change Navigation Sources.................................................................................................... 2
Enable/Disable OBS Mode While Navigating with GPS..................................................... 2
Generic Timer.............................................................................................................................. 2
Configure Vspeed Bugs Individually...................................................................................... 2
Turn Vspeed Bugs On or Off by Category............................................................................. 3
Set Minimum Descent Altitude/Decision Height................................................................ 3
Displaying Wind Data............................................................................................................... 3
ENGINE INDICATING SYSTEM.................................................................................................. 5
Engine Display............................................................................................................................ 5
Engine Page................................................................................................................................ 6
Landing Gear Indications......................................................................................................... 7
NAV/COM/TRANSPONDER/AUDIO PANEL.......................................................................... 9
Enter a Transponder Code....................................................................................................... 9
Select Transponder Mode........................................................................................................ 9
Selecting a COM Radio............................................................................................................. 9
Selecting a NAV Radio.............................................................................................................. 9
NAV/COM Tuning...................................................................................................................... 10
Intercom..................................................................................................................................... 10
Passenger Address (PA) System............................................................................................ 10
Clearance Recorder and Player............................................................................................ 11
AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM........................................................................... 13
S-TEC IntelliFlight 2100........................................................................................................... 13
Altitude Preselect.................................................................................................................... 13
GPS NAVIGATION......................................................................................................................... 15
Direct-to Navigation............................................................................................................... 15
Activate a Stored Flight Plan................................................................................................ 16
Activate a Flight Plan Leg...................................................................................................... 16
Stop Navigating a Flight Plan............................................................................................... 17
Vertical Navigation (VNAV)................................................................................................... 17
FLIGHT PLANNING....................................................................................................................... 21
Weight Planning....................................................................................................................... 21
Trip Planning............................................................................................................................. 21
Create a User Waypoint Defined by Latitude & Longitude............................................ 23
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
i
Table of Contents
Create a User Waypoint Defined by Radials from Other Waypoints............................ 24
Create a User Waypoint Defined by a Radial & Distance from Another Waypoint... 26
Delete a User Waypoint.......................................................................................................... 27
Create a Flight Plan................................................................................................................. 28
Import a Flight Plan from an SD Card................................................................................. 29
Insert a Waypoint in the Active Flight Plan....................................................................... 29
Enter an Airway in a Flight Plan........................................................................................... 30
User-Defined Holding Patterns............................................................................................. 31
Invert An Active Flight Plan................................................................................................... 33
Remove a Departure, Arrival, Approach, or Airway from a Flight Plan...................... 33
Store a Flight Plan................................................................................................................... 34
Edit a Stored Flight Plan........................................................................................................ 34
Delete a Waypoint from the Flight Plan............................................................................. 34
Invert and Activate a Stored Flight Plan............................................................................ 35
Copy a Flight Plan.................................................................................................................... 35
Delete a Flight Plan................................................................................................................. 35
Graphical Flight Plan Creation.............................................................................................. 36
Export a Flight Plan to an SD Card...................................................................................... 36
PROCEDURES.................................................................................................................................. 37
Load and Activate a Departure Procedure........................................................................ 37
Activate A Departure Leg...................................................................................................... 37
Load An Arrival Procedure..................................................................................................... 37
Activate An Arrival Leg.......................................................................................................... 38
Load and/or Activate an Approach Procedure.................................................................. 38
Activate An Approach in the Active Flight Plan................................................................ 40
Activate a Vector to Final Approach Fix............................................................................. 40
Activate A Missed Approach in the Active Flight Plan.................................................... 40
Temperature Compensated Altitude................................................................................... 40
HAZARD AVOIDANCE................................................................................................................. 43
Customizing the Hazard Displays on the Navigation Map............................................. 43
STORMSCOPE® (Optional)...................................................................................................... 43
SiriusXM Weather (Subscription Optional)........................................................................ 45
Connext™ Weather (Optional)............................................................................................... 47
FIS-B Weather........................................................................................................................... 59
Traffic Systems......................................................................................................................... 66
Terrain And Obstacle Proximity............................................................................................ 72
Terrain-SVT................................................................................................................................ 73
Terrain Awareness & Warning System (TAWS-B) Display................................................ 74
Airborne Color Weather Radar............................................................................................. 76
ii
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Table of Contents
ADDITIONAL FEATURES............................................................................................................ 81
Synthetic Vision (Optional).................................................................................................... 81
Terminal Procedure Charts.................................................................................................... 82
Airport Directory..................................................................................................................... 85
Satellite Telephone and SMS Messaging (Optional)........................................................ 85
SiriusXM Satellite Radio (Subscription Optional)............................................................ 98
Auxiliary Video (Optional)................................................................................................... 100
Pilot Profiles........................................................................................................................... 101
Bluetooth® Management..................................................................................................... 105
Scheduler................................................................................................................................. 106
ABNORMAL OPERATION........................................................................................................ 109
Reversionary Mode............................................................................................................... 109
Abnormal COM Operation................................................................................................... 109
Audio Panel Fail-safe Operation........................................................................................ 109
Hazard Displays with Loss of GPS Position...................................................................... 110
Unusual Attitudes.................................................................................................................. 110
Dead Reckoning..................................................................................................................... 111
ANNUNCIATIONS & ALERTS.................................................................................................. 113
CAS Messages......................................................................................................................... 113
Comparator Annunciations.................................................................................................. 115
Reversionary Sensor Annunciations.................................................................................. 116
Terrain-SVS Alerts.................................................................................................................. 116
TIS System Annunciations.................................................................................................... 117
TAS/TCAS I System Annunciations...................................................................................... 119
ADS-B Traffic Annunciations................................................................................................ 120
Terrain-SVS System Status Annunciations....................................................................... 122
TAWS-B Alerts......................................................................................................................... 123
SiriusXM Weather & Satellite Radio Messages............................................................... 125
Connext Weather Messages................................................................................................ 126
Airborne Weather Radar Annunciations........................................................................... 127
Voice Alerts............................................................................................................................. 128
Flight Plan Import/Export Messages................................................................................. 129
Pilot Profile Import/Export Messages............................................................................... 130
MFD & PFD Message Advisories......................................................................................... 131
Database Message Advisories............................................................................................ 133
GMA 1347D Message Advisories........................................................................................ 137
GIA 63W Message Advisories.............................................................................................. 137
GEA 71 Message Advisories................................................................................................. 141
GTX 33 w/ES Message Advisories....................................................................................... 141
GRS 77 Message Advisories................................................................................................. 142
GMU 44 Message Advisories............................................................................................... 144
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
iii
Table of Contents
GDL 69/69A/69 SXM/69A SXM Message Advisories........................................................ 144
GWX 70 Message Advisories (Optional)............................................................................ 144
GDC 74A/B Message Advisories.......................................................................................... 145
GCU 476 Message Advisories.............................................................................................. 146
GTS 825/855 Message Advisories (Optional)................................................................... 146
GDL 88 Message Advisories (Optional)............................................................................. 146
GSR 56 Message Advisories (Optional)............................................................................. 147
GRA 5500 Message Advisories (Optional)........................................................................ 148
Miscellaneous Message Advisories.................................................................................... 148
APPENDIX...................................................................................................................................... 153
PFD Softkey Map................................................................................................................... 153
MFD Softkey Map.................................................................................................................. 160
Updating Databases.............................................................................................................. 162
INDEX..........................................................................................................................................Index-1
iv
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Flight Instruments
Flight
Instruments
FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS
SELECTING THE ALTIMETER BAROMETRIC PRESSURE SETTING
EIS
Turn the BARO Knob to select the desired setting.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
SELECTING STANDARD BAROMETRIC PRESSURE
Press the BARO Knob.
2)
Press the ALT UNIT Softkey.
3)
Press the IN Softkey to display the barometric pressure setting in inches of
mercury (in Hg).
Flight
Planning
Press the PFD Softkey to display the second-level softkeys.
GPS Nav
1)
AFCS
CHANGE ALTIMETER BAROMETRIC PRESSURE SETTING UNITS
Or:
4)
Procedures
Press the HPA Softkey to display the barometric pressure setting in
hectopascals.
Press the BACK Softkey to return to the top-level softkeys.
Hazard
Avoidance
SYNCHRONIZING THE ALTIMETER BAROMETRIC PRESSURE SETTINGS
2)
Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
3)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight BARO in the SYNCHRONIZATION
Window.
4)
Turn the small FMS Knob clockwise to ON or counterclockwise to OFF.
Abnormal
Operation
Select the AUX-SYSTEM SETUP Page on the MFD.
Additional
Features
1)
Annun/
Alerts
SYNCHRONIZE CDI
2)
Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
3)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight CDI in SYNCHRONIZATION Window.
4)
Turn the small FMS Knob clockwise to ON or counterclockwise to OFF.
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
Index
Select the AUX-SYSTEM SETUP Page on the MFD.
Appendix
1)
1
CHANGE NAVIGATION SOURCES
1)
Press the CDI Softkey to change from GPS to VOR1 or LOC1. This places
the light blue tuning box over the NAV1 standby frequency in the upper left
corner of the PFD.
2)
Press the CDI Softkey again to change from VOR1 or LOC1 to VOR2
or LOC2. This places the light blue tuning box over the NAV2 standby
frequency.
3)
Press the CDI Softkey a third time to return to GPS.
ENABLE/DISABLE OBS MODE WHILE NAVIGATING WITH GPS
1)
Press the OBS Softkey to select OBS Mode.
2)
Turn the CRS Knob to select the desired course to/from the waypoint. Press
the CRS Knob to slew the CDI Course Pointer to a course bearing directly
to the waypoint.
3)
Press the OBS Softkey again to disable OBS Mode.
GENERIC TIMER
1)
Press the TMR/REF Softkey, then turn the large FMS Knob to select the
time field (hh/mm/ss). Turn the FMS Knobs to set the desired time, then
press the ENT Key. The UP/DOWN field is now highlighted.
2)
Turn the small FMS Knob to display the UP/DOWN window. Turn the FMS
Knob to select ‘UP’ or ‘DOWN’, then press the ENT Key. ‘START?’ is now
highlighted.
3)
Press the ENT Key to START, STOP, or RESET the timer (if the timer is
counting DOWN, it will start counting UP after reaching zero). Press the
CLR Key or the TMR/REF Softkey to remove the window.
CONFIGURE VSPEED BUGS INDIVIDUALLY
1) Press the TMR/REF Softkey.
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the desired Vspeed.
3) Use the small FMS Knob to change the Vspeed in 1-kt increments (when a
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Flight Instruments
Index
speed has been changed from a default value, an asterisk appears next to
the speed).
2
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Flight Instruments
5)
Turn the small FMS Knob clockwise to ON or counterclockwise to OFF.
6)
To remove the window, press the CLR Key or the TMR/REF Softkey.
EIS
Press the ENT Key or turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the ON/OFF
field.
Flight
Instruments
4)
TURN VSPEED BUGS ON OR OFF BY CATEGORY
2)
Press the MENU Key.
3)
Turn the FMS Knob to highlight the desired option.
4)
Press the ENT Key. Press the TMR/REF Softkey to remove the window.
AFCS
Press the TMR/REF Softkey.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
1)
GPS Nav
SET MINIMUM DESCENT ALTITUDE/DECISION HEIGHT
Flight
Planning
1) Press the TMR/REF Softkey.
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the Minimums field.
3)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select BARO, RAD ALT (optional) or TEMP
COMP. OFF is selected by default. Press the ENT Key or turn the large
FMS Knob to highlight the next field.
4)
Use the small FMS Knob to enter the desired altitude. When BARO and
TEMP COMP are selected, values from zero to 16,000 feet may be entered.
When RAD ALT is selected, values from zero to 2,500 feet may be entered.
5)
If TEMP COMP was selected, press the ENT Key or turn the large FMS
Knob to highlight the next field and then enter the destination airport
temperature (-59˚C to 59˚C). The temperature compensated altitude
minimum is displayed below the previously enter minimum altitude value.
6)
To remove the window, press the CLR Key or the TMR/REF Softkey.
Procedures
2)
Additional
Features
Abnormal
Operation
2)
Press the WIND Softkey to display wind data below the Selected Heading.
3)
Press one of the OPTN softkeys to change how wind data is displayed.
4)
To remove the Wind Data Window, press the OFF Softkey.
Appendix
Press the PFD Softkey.
Annun/
Alerts
1)
Hazard
Avoidance
DISPLAYING WIND DATA
Index
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
3
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Flight Instruments
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4
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Engine Indicating System
Flight
Instruments
ENGINE INDICATING SYSTEM
ENGINE DISPLAY
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
1
EIS
The following is one example of several Engine Display options.
1
AFCS
2
2
GPS Nav
3
Flight
Planning
3
4
Procedures
4
5
6
7
Additional
Features
6
Hazard
Avoidance
5
7
8
Abnormal
Operation
8
Engine Display
Engine Torque (% Max Safe Torque) or
Horsepower (HP x 100)
2
Exhaust Gas Temperature (EGT °C) or
Interstage Turbine Temperature (ITT °C)
3 Turbine Speed (% RPM)
5
7
Flap Position
4
8
Trim Positions
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
Index
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Fuel Pressure, Flow, and Quantity
Indicators
6 Landing Gear Status
Appendix
Oil Pressure and Temperature Indicators
Annun/
Alerts
1
Engine Display in Reversionary Mode
5
ENGINE PAGE
The following is one example of several Engine Page options.
15
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Engine Indicating System
14
13
12
1
AFCS
2
GPS Nav
11
10
3
Flight
Planning
9
4
Procedures
8
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
5
6
6
7
1
Engine Torque (% Max Safe Torque or
Horsepower (HP x 100)
9
2
Exhaust Gas Temperature (EGT °C) or
Interstage Turbine Temperature (ITT °C)
10 Fuel Consumed
3
Turbine Speed
11 Fuel Quantity Indicator
4
Fuel Flow Indicator
12 Fuel Pressure Indicator
5
Hydraulic Pressure
13 Oil Temperature Indicator
6
Landing Gear Status Indicator
14 Oil Pressure Indicator
7
Trim Position Indicators
15 Electrical Group
8
Flap Position Indicator
Anti-Ice Group
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Engine Indicating System
Position
EIS
Flight
Instruments
LANDING GEAR INDICATIONS
Engine Page
EIS
Not In
Transition
and Not
Down and
Locked
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
AFCS
GPS Nav
In Transition
Flight
Planning
Procedures
Down and
Locked
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
Invalid Data
Abnormal
Operation
Table 3-1 Landing Gear Indications
Annun/
Alerts
Appendix
Index
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
7
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Engine Indicating System
Blank Page
8
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Nav/Com/XPDR/Audio Panel
Flight
Instruments
NAV/COM/TRANSPONDER/AUDIO PANEL
ENTER A TRANSPONDER CODE
3)
Press the CODE Softkey to display the transponder code selection softkeys,
for digit entry.
4)
Use the digit keys to enter the code in the code field. When entering the
code, the next key in sequence must be pressed within 10 seconds, or the
entry is cancelled and restored to the previous code. Five seconds after the
fourth digit has been entered, the transponder code becomes active.
2)
If the aircraft is equipped with two transponders, press the XPDR1 or
XPDR2 Softkey to select the active transponder.
3)
Press the desired transponder mode softkey (STBY, ON, or ALT).
Hazard
Avoidance
Press the XPDR Softkey.
Procedures
1)
Flight
Planning
SELECT TRANSPONDER MODE
GPS Nav
If two transponders are available, press XPDR1 or XPDR2 to set the active
transponder. Otherwise, proceed to step 3.
AFCS
2)
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Press the XPDR Softkey to display the transponder mode selection softkeys.
EIS
1)
SELECTING A COM RADIO
Additional
Features
Transmit/Receive
Press the COM1 MIC or COM2 MIC on the audio panel.
Abnormal
Operation
Receive Only
Press the COM1 or COM2 on the audio panel.
Annun/
Alerts
SELECTING A NAV RADIO
2)
Press the NAV1 or NAV2 Key on the audio panel to select or deselect the
navigation radio audio source. All radio keys can be selected individually or
together.
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
9
Index
To begin navigating using a navigation radio, press the CDI Softkey on the
PFD to select VOR1/LOC1 (NAV1) or VOR2/LOC2 (NAV2).
Appendix
1)
NAV/COM TUNING
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Nav/Com/XPDR/Audio Panel
1)
Press the small tuning knob to select the desired radio for tuning. A light
blue box highlights the radio frequency to be tuned.
2)
Turn the respective tuning knobs to enter the desired frequency into the
standby frequency field. The large knob enters MHz and the small knob
enters kHz.
3)
Press the Frequency Transfer Key to place the frequency into the active
frequency field.
INTERCOM
Pressing the INTR COM Key on either Audio Panel selects and deselects the
intercom on both Audio Panels. The annunciator is lit when the intercom is active.
The intercom connects the pilot and copilot together. Either the pilot or copilot may
select or deselect the intercom.
The CABIN Key initiates two way communication between the pilot or copilot and
the passengers in the cabin. The annunciator is lit when the cabin intercom is active
on either Audio Panel.
When the flight crew wants to communicate with the passengers, the pilot or
copilot presses the CABIN Key to signal that communication is desired. The cabin
signal must be acknowledged to begin intercom conversation.
The MAN SQ Key allows either automatic or manual control of the intercom
squelch setting. Pressing the MAN SQ Key enables manual squelch control, indicated
by the MAN SQ annunciator.
• When the MAN SQ Annunciator is extinguished (Automatic Squelch is on),
the ICS Knob controls only the volume (pressing the ICS Knob has no effect
on the VOL/SQ selection).
• When the MAN SQ Annunciator is illuminated (Manual Squelch), the ICS
Knob controls either volume or squelch (selected by pressing the ICS Knob
and indicated by the VOL or SQ annunciation).
Index
Appendix
PASSENGER ADDRESS (PA) SYSTEM
A passenger address system is provided by pressing the PA Key to deliver messages
to the passengers. The message is heard by the other pilot on the headset only if the
PA Key is enabled on both audio panels. PA messages are one way from the flight deck
to the passengers.
10
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Nav/Com/XPDR/Audio Panel
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
AFCS
GPS Nav
Flight
Planning
Procedures
Hazard
Avoidance
Recorded COM audio is stored in separate memory blocks. Once 2.5 minutes
of recording time have been reached, the recorder begins recording over the stored
memory blocks, starting from the oldest block.
The PLAY Key controls the play function. The PLAY annunciator is illuminated to
indicate when play is in progress. The PLAY annunciator extinguishes after playback
is finished.
Pressing the PLAY Key once plays the latest recorded memory block and then
returns to normal operation. Pressing the PLAY Key again during play of a memory
block stops play. If a COM input signal is detected during play of a recorded memory
block, play is halted.
Pressing the PLAY Key twice within one-half second while audio is playing plays
the previous block of recorded audio. Each subsequent two presses of the PLAY Key
within one-half second backtracks through the recorded memory blocks to reach and
play any recorded block.
EIS
NOTE: Pressing the play key on the pilot’s Audio Panel plays recorded audio
to the Pilot. Pressing the play key on the Copilot’s Audio Panel plays recorded
audio to the Copilot.
Flight
Instruments
CLEARANCE RECORDER AND PLAYER
Additional
Features
Abnormal
Operation
Annun/
Alerts
Appendix
Index
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
11
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Nav/Com/XPDR/Audio Panel
Blank Page
12
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
190-01603-00 Rev. B
AFCS
NOTE: Refer to the Aircraft Flight Manual (AFM) for the installed autopilot.
Flight
Instruments
AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
EIS
S-TEC INTELLIFLIGHT 2100
AFCS
GPS Nav
Flight
Planning
In addition to the redundant status/mode annunciations and/or visual
representations that are simultaneously displayed on both the G950 (AFCS Status
Box and/or PFD) and the S-TEC IntelliFlight 2100 (Autopilot Display and/or Remote
Annunciator Display), the G950 displays the additional status/mode annunciation of
‘FD’ when the Flight Director Mode is engaged.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
NOTE: This section covers only the additional ‘FD’ status annunciations that
may appear in the G950 AFCS Status Box. These status annunciations are
not analogous to both the G950 and the S-TEC IntelliFlight 2100 . Refer to
the approved S-TEC IntelliFlight 2100 Pilot’s Operating Handbook (POH) for
comprehensive list of annunciations and operating instructions.
Procedures
ALTITUDE PRESELECT
Hazard
Avoidance
The ALT Knob on the PFD is used to enter the selected altitude, which is provided
to the S-TEC IntelliFlight 2100.
Additional
Features
Abnormal
Operation
Annun/
Alerts
Appendix
Index
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
13
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
AFCS
Blank Page
14
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
190-01603-00 Rev. B
GPS Navigation
Flight
Instruments
GPS NAVIGATION
DIRECT-TO NAVIGATION
2)
3)
7)
10)
11)
Direct-to Navigation using the PFD
2)
5)
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
15
Index
6)
Appendix
4)
) on the PFD.
Turn the large FMS Knob to place the cursor in the desired selection field.
Turn the small FMS Knob to begin selecting the desired identifier, location,
etc.
Press the ENT Key.
The cursor is now flashing on ‘ACTIVATE?’. If no altitude constraint or
course is desired, press the ENT Key to activate. To enter an altitude
constraint, proceed to step 6.
Turn the large FMS Knob counterclockwise to place the cursor over the
‘ALT’ altitude field.
Annun/
Alerts
3)
Press the Direct-to Key (
Abnormal
Operation
1)
Additional
Features
12)
Hazard
Avoidance
9)
Procedures
8)
Flight
Planning
6)
GPS Nav
5)
) Key on the MFD or MFD Controller.
Enter the waypoint identifier.
Press the ENT Key to confirm the identifier. The ‘Activate?’ field is
highlighted.
If no altitude constraint or course is desired, press the ENT Key to activate.
To enter an altitude constraint, proceed to step 5.
Turn the large FMS Knob counterclockwise to place the cursor over the
‘VNV’ altitude field.
Enter the desired altitude.
Press the ENT Key. If the waypoint entered is an airport, the option to
select MSL or AGL is now displayed. If the waypoint is not an airport,
proceed to step 9.
Turn the small FMS Knob to select ‘MSL’ or ‘AGL’.
Press the ENT Key. The cursor is now flashing in the VNV offset distance field.
Enter the desired offset distance before (-) the waypoint.
Press the ENT Key. The ‘Activate?’ field is highlighted.
Press the ENT Key to activate.
AFCS
4)
Press the Direct-to (
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
1)
EIS
Direct-to Navigation using the MFD
EIS
Flight
Instruments
GPS Navigation
7)
Turn the small FMS Knob to enter the desired altitude constraint.
8)
Press the ENT Key. If the waypoint entered is an airport, the option to
select MSL or AGL is now displayed. If the waypoint is not an airport,
proceed to step 10.
9)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select ‘MSL’ or ‘AGL’.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
10) Press the ENT Key. The cursor is placed in the ‘OFFSET’ field.
11) Turn the small FMS Knob to enter the desired offset distance (-) from the
selected Direct-to.
AFCS
12) Press the ENT Key to highlight ‘Activate?’ or turn the large FMS Knob to
highlight the ‘CRS’ field.
14) Press the ENT Key to highlight ‘ACTIVATE?’.
15) Press the ENT Key again to activate the Direct-to.
ACTIVATE A STORED FLIGHT PLAN
1)
Press the FPL Key on the MFD, or MFD Controller, and turn the small FMS
Knob to display the Flight Plan Catalog Page.
2)
Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
3)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the desired flight plan
4)
Select the ACTIVE Softkey. The confirmation window is now displayed.
5)
With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key to activate the flight plan. To cancel
the flight plan activation, turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘CANCEL’ and
press the ENT Key.
ACTIVATE A FLIGHT PLAN LEG
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
13) Turn the small FMS Knob to enter the desired course to the waypoint.
1)
From the Active Flight Plan Page, press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor
and turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the desired waypoint.
2)
Select the ACT LEG Softkey.
Appendix
OR
Index
Press the MENU Key, select the ‘Activate Leg’ option from the page menu
and press the ENT Key. This step must be used when activating a leg from
the PFD.
3)
16
With ‘Activate’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
190-01603-00 Rev. B
GPS Navigation
Flight
Instruments
STOP NAVIGATING A FLIGHT PLAN
2)
Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu Window.
3)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘Delete Flight Plan’ and press the ENT
Key. With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key to deactivate the flight plan.
This will not delete the stored flight plan, only the active flight plan.
VERTICAL NAVIGATION (VNAV)
GPS Nav
NOTE: Temperature Compensated (TEMP COMP) altitudes are depicted as
slanted text.
AFCS
The navigation database only contains altitudes for procedures that call for “Cross
at” altitudes. If the procedure states “Expect to cross at,” the altitude is not in the
database. In this case the altitude may be entered manually.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page.
EIS
1)
Flight
Planning
Procedures
Hazard
Avoidance
Large White
Text
Large Light
Blue Text
Additional
Features
Small Light
Blue Text
Appendix
Cross AT or ABOVE 5,000 ft
Annun/
Alerts
Small White Text
with Altitude
Restriction Bar
Abnormal
Operation
Small Light
Blue Subdued
Text
Cross AT 2,300 ft
Index
Cross AT or BELOW 3,000 ft
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
17
Altitudes associated with arrival and approach procedures are “auto-designated”.
This means the system will automatically use the altitudes loaded with the arrival
or approach for giving vertical flight path guidance outside the FAF. Note that these
altitudes will be displayed as small light blue text.
Altitudes that are designated for use in vertical navigation may also be made “nondesignated” by placing the cursor over the desired altitude and pressing the CLR Key.
The altitude is now displayed only as a reference. It will not be used to give vertical
flight path guidance. Other displayed altitudes may change due to re-calculations
or rendered invalid as a result of manually changing an altitude to a non-designated
altitude.
NOTE: Making course changes greater than 90° during a descent with vertical
guidance may cause excessive and rapid movement of the vertical deviation
indicator, and SVT Pathways.
The system updates vertical path guidance continuously using ground speed and
the calculated distance to the Bottom of Descent (BOD). Due to turn anticipation
guidance (turn-smoothing), distance to the BOD can be affected by course changes
greater than approximately 5 degrees. Ground speed can be affected by factors such as
shifts in wind direction, aircraft power management, pitch angle, and course changes.
Abrupt and/or substantial changes to either the distance to the BOD, ground speed, or
both can cause similarly abrupt/substantial changes in vertical path guidance.
Because of turn-smoothing, changes to both distance to the BOD and ground speed
tend to be more extreme when the BOD is also a waypoint that marks a large course
change. These speed and distance changes will be accounted for in the computed
required vertical path and reflected in the vertical guidance indications.
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
GPS Navigation
18
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
190-01603-00 Rev. B
GPS Navigation
Light Blue Text
Light Blue
Subdued Text
Large Text Altitude calculated by
the system estimating
the altitude of the
aircraft as it passes
over the navigation
point. This altitude
is provided as a
reference and is not
designated to be used
in determining vertical
flight path guidance.
Altitude has been
entered by the pilot.
Altitude is designated
for use in giving
vertical flight path
guidance. Altitude
does not match the
published altitude in
navigation database or
no published altitude
exists.
The system cannot
use this altitude in
determining vertical
flight path guidance.
Small Text Altitude is not
designated to be used
in determining vertical
flight path guidance.
Altitude has been
retrieved from the
navigation database
and is provided as a
reference.
Altitude is designated
for use in giving vertical
flight path guidance.
Altitude has been
retrieved from the
navigation database
or has been entered by
the pilot and matches
a published altitude
in the navigation
database.
The system cannot
use this altitude in
determining vertical
flight path guidance.
Flight
Instruments
White Text
EIS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
AFCS
GPS Nav
Flight
Planning
Procedures
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
Abnormal
Operation
Annun/
Alerts
Appendix
Index
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
19
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
GPS Navigation
Blank Page
20
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Flight Planning
Flight
Instruments
FLIGHT PLANNING
WEIGHT PLANNING
EIS
All procedures apply to the MFD unless otherwise stated.
Entering Weight Parameters
Flight
Planning
Procedures
Turn the large FMS Knob to place the cursor in the ‘FUEL ON BOARD’ field.
3)
Enter the desired fuel quantity.
4)
Press the ENT Key. The cursor is now in the ‘FUEL RESERVES’ field.
5)
Enter the desired reserve fuel quantity.
6)
Press the FMS Knob to remove the cursor.
Additional
Features
2)
Hazard
Avoidance
If necessary, press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
Abnormal
Operation
TRIP PLANNING
2)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the Trip Planning Page.
3)
The current ‘PAGE MODE’ is displayed at the top of the page: ‘AUTOMATIC’
or ‘MANUAL’. To change the page mode, select the AUTO or MANUAL
Softkey.
4)
For Direct-to planning:
Index
a) Select the WPTS Softkey and verify that the starting waypoint field
indicates ‘P.POS’ (present position).
Appendix
Turn the large FMS Knob to select the ‘AUX’ page group.
Annun/
Alerts
1)
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
GPS Nav
1)
190-01603-00 Rev. B
AFCS
Entering Fuel Parameters
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Turn the large FMS Knob to select the ‘AUX’ page group. Turn the small FMS
Knob to select the Weight Planning Page.
1) Select the EMPTY WT Softkey to place the cursor in the Basic Empty
Weight field.
2) Enter the desired aircraft empty weight.
3) Press the ENT Key. The cursor is now over the ‘PILOT & STORES’ field.
4) Enter the desired weight of Pilot & Stores.
5) Press the ENT Key.
6) Continue repeating these steps until all desired weights have been entered.
21
Flight Planning
Flight
Instruments
b) If necessary, press the MENU Key and select ‘Set WPT to Present
Position’ to display ‘P.POS’.
EIS
c) Press the ENT Key and the flashing cursor moves to the ending
waypoint field.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
d) Enter the identifier of the ending waypoint and press the ENT Key to
accept the waypoint.
Or:
For point-to-point planning:
AFCS
a) Enter the identifier of the starting waypoint.
GPS Nav
b) Once the waypoint’s identifier is entered, press the ENT Key to accept
the waypoint. The flashing cursor moves to the ending waypoint.
c) Again, enter the identifier of the ending waypoint.
d) Press the ENT Key to accept the waypoint.
Flight
Planning
Or:
For flight plan leg planning:
Procedures
a) Select the FPL Softkey (at the bottom of the display).
Hazard
Avoidance
b) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the desired flight plan (already
stored in memory), by number.
c) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the ‘LEG’ field.
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
d) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the desired leg of the flight plan, or
select ‘CUM’ to apply trip planning calculations to the entire flight plan.
Selecting ‘FPL 00’ displays the active flight plan. If an active flight plan
is selected, ‘REM’ will be an available option to display planning data
for the remainder of the flight plan.
Annun/
Alerts
NOTE: The page mode must be set to ‘MANUAL’ to perform the following
steps.
5)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the departure time (DEP TIME) field.
Appendix
NOTE: The departure time on the Trip Planning Page is used for preflight
planning. Refer to the Utility Page for the actual flight departure time.
Index
6)
22
Enter the departure time. Press the ENT Key when finished. Departure time
may be entered in local or UTC time, depending upon system settings.
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Flight Planning
The flashing cursor moves to the ground speed (GS) field. Enter the ground
speed. Press the ENT Key when finished. Note that in ‘automatic’ page
mode, ground speed is provided by the system.
Flight
Instruments
8)
The flashing cursor moves to the fuel flow field. Enter the fuel flow. Press
the ENT Key when finished. Note that in ‘AUTOMATIC’ page mode, fuel flow
is provided by the system.
EIS
9)
The flashing cursor moves to the fuel onboard field. Modify the fuel onboard.
Press the ENT Key when finished. In ‘AUTOMATIC’ mode, fuel onboard is
provided by the entry made on the Weight Planning Page.
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the User WPT Information Page.
3)
Select the NEW Softkey. A waypoint is created at the current aircraft
position.
4)
Enter the desired waypoint name.
5)
Press the ENT Key.
6)
The cursor is now in the ‘WAYPOINT TYPE’ field. If desired, the waypoint
can be made temporary (deleted automatically when the system is turned
off). If the waypoint is to remain in the system, proceed to step 7.
Index
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
Appendix
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Annun/
Alerts
2)
Abnormal
Operation
Turn the large FMS Knob on the Control Unit to select the ‘WPT’ page group.
Additional
Features
1)
Hazard
Avoidance
CREATE A USER WAYPOINT DEFINED BY LATITUDE & LONGITUDE
Procedures
13) The flashing cursor moves to the air temperature (TOTAL AIR TEMP) field. Enter
the desired air temperature. Press the ENT Key when finished. Note that in
‘AUTOMATIC’ page mode, air temperature is provided by the system outside
air temperature.
Flight
Planning
12) The flashing cursor moves to the barometric setting (PRESSURE) field. Enter
the desired baro setting. Press the ENT Key when finished. Note that in
‘AUTOMATIC’ page mode, the baro setting is provided by the setting entered
on the PFD.
GPS Nav
11) The flashing cursor moves to the altitude (IND ALTITUDE) field. Enter the
altitude. Press the ENT Key when finished. Note that in ‘AUTOMATIC’ page
mode, altitude is provided by the system.
AFCS
10) The flashing cursor moves to the calibrated airspeed (CALIBRATED AS) field.
Enter the calibrated airspeed. Press the ENT Key when finished. Note that
in ‘AUTOMATIC’ page mode, calibrated airspeed is provided by the system.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
7)
23
Flight Planning
Flight
Instruments
a) Turn the large FMS Knob one click to the left to highlight
‘TEMPORARY’.
7)
With the cursor in the ‘WAYPOINT TYPE’ field, turn the small FMS Knob to
display a list of waypoint types.
8)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select LAT/LON (latitude and longitude).
9)
Press the ENT Key.
CREATE A USER WAYPOINT DEFINED BY RADIALS FROM OTHER WAYPOINTS
1)
Turn the large FMS Knob on the Control Unit to select the ‘WPT’ page group.
2)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the User WPT Information Page.
3)
Select the NEW Softkey. A waypoint is created at the current aircraft
position.
4)
Enter the desired waypoint name.
5)
Press the ENT Key.
6)
The cursor is now in the ‘WAYPOINT TYPE’ field. If desired, the waypoint
can be made temporary (deleted automatically when the system is turned
off). If the waypoint is to remain in the system, proceed to step 7.
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
b) Press the ENT Key to place a check-mark in the box. Turn the large
FMS Knob to place the cursor back in the ‘WAYPOINT TYPE’ field.
Additional
Features
a) Turn the large FMS Knob one click to the left to highlight
‘TEMPORARY’.
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
b) Press the ENT Key to place a check-mark in the box. Turn the large
FMS Knob to place the cursor back in the ‘WAYPOINT TYPE’ field.
7)
With the cursor in the ‘WAYPOINT TYPE’ field, turn the small FMS Knob to
display a list of waypoint types.
8)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select RAD/RAD (radial/radial).
9)
Press the ENT Key.
Appendix
10) The cursor moves to the ‘REFERENCE WAYPOINTS’ field. With the first
waypoint name highlighted, use the FMS Knobs to enter the desired
waypoint name. Waypoints may also be selected as follows:
Index
a) When a flight plan is active, turning the small FMS Knob to the left will
display a list of the flight plan waypoints.
b) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the desired waypoint.
c) Press the ENT Key.
24
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Flight Planning
a) Turn the small FMS Knob to the left. Initially, a flight plan waypoint list
is displayed.
EIS
b) Turn the small FMS Knob to the right to display the ‘NRST’ airports to
the aircraft’s current position.
Flight
Instruments
Or:
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
c) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the desired waypoint.
d) Press the ENT Key.
Or:
GPS Nav
b) Turn the small FMS Knob to the right to display the ‘RECENT’
waypoints.
AFCS
a) Turn the small FMS Knob to the left. Initially, a flight plan waypoint list
is displayed.
c) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the desired waypoint.
Flight
Planning
d) Press the ENT Key.
Or:
b) Turn the small FMS Knob to the right to display the ‘USER’ waypoints.
Procedures
a) Turn the small FMS Knob to the left. Initially, a flight plan waypoint list
is displayed.
Hazard
Avoidance
c) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the desired waypoint.
d) Press the ENT Key.
12) Press the ENT Key.
15) Press the ENT Key.
Appendix
16) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
Annun/
Alerts
14) Press the ENT Key. The cursor is displayed in the ‘RAD’ (radial) field for the
second waypoint. Enter the desired radial from the reference waypoint.
Abnormal
Operation
13) Repeat step 10 to enter the next waypoint name.
Additional
Features
11) Press the ENT Key. The cursor is displayed in the ‘RAD’ (radial) field. Enter
the desired radial from the reference waypoint.
Index
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
25
CREATE A USER WAYPOINT DEFINED BY A RADIAL & DISTANCE FROM
ANOTHER WAYPOINT
1)
Turn the large FMS Knob on the MFD Control Unit to select the ‘WPT’ page
group.
2)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the User WPT Information Page.
3)
Select the NEW Softkey. A waypoint is created at the current aircraft
position.
4)
Enter the desired waypoint name.
5)
Press the ENT Key.
6)
The cursor is now in the ‘WAYPOINT TYPE’ field. If desired, the waypoint
can be made temporary (deleted automatically when the system is turned
off). If the waypoint is to remain in the system, proceed to step 7.
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Flight Planning
Flight
Planning
a) Turn the large FMS Knob one click to the left to highlight
‘TEMPORARY’.
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
b) Press the ENT Key to place a check-mark in the box. Turn the large
FMS Knob to place the cursor back in the ‘WAYPOINT TYPE’ field.
7)
With the cursor in the ‘WAYPOINT TYPE’ field, turn the small FMS Knob to
display a list of waypoint types.
8)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select RAD/DIS (radial/distance).
9)
Press the ENT Key.
Additional
Features
10) The cursor moves to the ‘REFERENCE WAYPOINTS’ field. With the first
waypoint name highlighted, use the FMS Knobs to enter the desired
waypoint name. Waypoints may also be selected as follows:
Abnormal
Operation
a) When a flight plan is active, turning the small FMS Knob to the left will
display a list of the flight plan waypoints.
Annun/
Alerts
b) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the desired waypoint.
c) Press the ENT Key.
Or:
Appendix
a) Turn the small FMS Knob to the left. Initially, a flight plan waypoint list
is displayed.
Index
b) Turn the small FMS Knob to the right to display the ‘NRST’ airports to
the aircraft’s current position.
26
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Flight Planning
Flight
Instruments
c) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the desired waypoint.
d) Press the ENT Key.
Or:
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
b) Turn the small FMS Knob to the right to display the ‘RECENT’
waypoints.
EIS
a) Turn the small FMS Knob to the left. Initially, a flight plan waypoint list
is displayed.
c) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the desired waypoint.
AFCS
d) Press the ENT Key.
Or:
GPS Nav
a) Turn the small FMS Knob to the left. Initially, a flight plan waypoint list
is displayed.
b) Turn the small FMS Knob to the right to display the ‘USER’ waypoints.
Flight
Planning
c) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the desired waypoint.
d) Press the ENT Key.
Hazard
Avoidance
12) Press the ENT Key.
13) The cursor is now displayed in the ‘DIS’ (distance) field. Enter the desired
distance from the reference waypoint.
Additional
Features
14) Press the ENT Key.
15) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
Abnormal
Operation
DELETE A USER WAYPOINT
Turn the large FMS Knob to select the ‘WPT’ page group.
2)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the User WPT Information Page.
3)
Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
4)
Turn the large FMS Knob to the place the cursor in the ‘USER WAYPOINT LIST’
field.
5)
Turn the small FMS Knob to highlight the desired waypoint.
6)
Select the DELETE Softkey.
7)
The message ‘Would you like to delete the user waypoint?’ is displayed. With
‘YES’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
Index
27
Appendix
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
Annun/
Alerts
1)
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Procedures
11) Press the ENT Key. The cursor is displayed in the ‘RAD’ (radial) field. Enter
the desired radial from the reference waypoint.
CREATE A FLIGHT PLAN
NOTE: When creating a flight plan in the Active Flight Plan Window, the first
leg is activated automatically after it is created.
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Flight Planning
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Creating an active flight plan:
1) Press the FPL Key.
2) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor (only on MFD).
3) Turn the small FMS Knob to display the Waypoint Information Window.
(Turning it clockwise displays a blank Waypoint Information Window,
turning it counter-clockwise displays the Waypoint Information Window
with a waypoint selection submenu allowing selection of active flight plan,
nearest, recent, user, or airway waypoints).
4) Enter the identifier, facility, or city name of the departure waypoint or select
a waypoint from the submenu of waypoints and press the ENT Key. The
active flight plan is modified as each waypoint is entered.
5) Repeat step numbers 3 and 4 to enter each additional flight plan waypoint.
6) When all waypoints have been entered, press the FMS Knob to remove the
cursor.
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Creating a stored flight plan:
1) Press the FPL Key.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob clockwise to display the Flight Plan Catalog Page.
3) Select the NEW Softkey; or press the MENU Key, highlight ‘Create New
Flight Plan’, and press the ENT Key to display a blank flight plan for the
first empty storage location.
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to display the Waypoint Information Window.
(Turning it clockwise displays a blank Waypoint Information Window,
turning it counter-clockwise displays the Waypoint Information Window
with a waypoint selection submenu allowing selection of active flight plan,
nearest, recent, user, or airway waypoints).
5) Enter the identifier, facility, or city name of the departure waypoint or select
a waypoint from the submenu of waypoints and press the ENT Key.
6) Repeat step numbers 4 and 5 to enter each additional flight plan waypoint.
7) When all waypoints have been entered, press the FMS Knob to return to
the Flight Plan Catalog Page. The new flight plan is now in the list.
28
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Flight Planning
Insert the SD card containing the flight plan in the top card slot on the MFD.
2)
Press the FPL Key on the Control Unit to display the Active Flight Plan Page
on the MFD.
EIS
3)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the Flight Plan Catalog Page.
4)
Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
5)
Turn either FMS Knob to highlight an empty or existing flight plan.
6)
Select the IMPORT Softkey.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
1)
Flight
Instruments
IMPORT A FLIGHT PLAN FROM AN SD CARD
8)
Press the ENT Key.
Hazard
Avoidance
Turn the small FMS Knob to highlight the desired flight plan for importing.
Additional
Features
INSERT A WAYPOINT IN THE ACTIVE FLIGHT PLAN
2)
If necessary, press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
3)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the desired flight plan waypoint. The
new waypoint is inserted before the highlighted waypoint.
4)
Turn the small FMS Knob. The Waypoint Information Window is now
displayed.
5)
Enter the new flight plan waypoint by one of the following:
Annun/
Alerts
Press the FPL Key to display the active flight plan.
Appendix
a) Enter the user waypoint identifier, facility, or city.
b) Press the ENT Key.
a) Turn the small FMS Knob to the left. Initially, a flight plan waypoint list
is displayed.
29
Index
Or:
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
Abnormal
Operation
1)
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Procedures
7)
Flight
Planning
If an existing flight plan is selected, an ‘Overwrite existing flight plan? OK
or CANCEL’ prompt is displayed. Press the ENT Key to choose to overwrite
the selected flight plan and see a list of the available flight plans on the SD
card. If overwriting the existing flight plan is not desired, select ‘CANCEL’
using the FMS Knob, press the ENT Key, select another existing or empty
flight plan, and again select the IMPORT Softkey.
GPS Nav
Or:
AFCS
If an empty flight plan is selected, a list of the available flight plans on the
SD card will be displayed.
Flight Planning
Flight
Instruments
b) Turn the small FMS Knob to the right to display the ‘NRST’ airport
waypoints to the aircraft’s current position.
c) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the desired waypoint.
EIS
d) Press the ENT Key.
Or:
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
a) Turn the small FMS Knob to the left. Initially, a flight plan waypoint list
is displayed.
AFCS
b) Turn the small FMS Knob to the right to display the ‘RECENT’
waypoints.
c) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the desired waypoint.
GPS Nav
d) Press the ENT Key.
Or:
Flight
Planning
a) Turn the small FMS Knob to the left. Initially, a flight plan waypoint list
is displayed.
b) Turn the small FMS Knob to the right to display the ‘USER’ waypoints.
d) Press the ENT Key.
6)
Press the ENT Key again to “accept” the waypoint.
ENTER AN AIRWAY IN A FLIGHT PLAN
1)
Press the FPL Key.
2)
Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor (not required on the PFD).
3)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the waypoint after the desired airway
entry point. If this waypoint is not a valid airway entry point, a valid entry
point should be entered at this time.
4)
Turn the small FMS Knob one click clockwise and select the LD AIRWY
Softkey, or press the MENU Key and select “Load Airway”. The Select
Airway Page is displayed. The LD AIRWY Softkey or the “Load Airway”
menu item is available only when an acceptable airway entry waypoint has
been chosen (the waypoint ahead of the cursor position).
5)
Turn the FMS Knob to select the desired airway from the list, and press the
ENT Key. Low altitude airways are shown first in the list, followed by “all”
altitude airways, and then high altitude airways.
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
c) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the desired user waypoint.
30
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Flight Planning
Turn the FMS Knob to select the desired airway exit point from the list, and
press the ENT Key. ‘LOAD?’ is highlighted.
7)
Press the ENT Key. The system returns to editing the flight plan with the
new airway inserted.
Flight
Instruments
6)
EIS
USER-DEFINED HOLDING PATTERNS
Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor (not required on the PFD) and
turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the waypoint for the hold.
3)
Press the MENU Key, highlight ‘Hold At Wpt’, and press the ENT Key. The
HOLD AT window appears with the course field highlighted.
4)
Use the FMS Knobs to edit the entry course, and press the ENT Key.
5)
Use the small FMS Knob to select ‘INBOUND’ or ‘OUTBOUND’ course
direction, and press the ENT Key.
6)
Use the small FMS Knob to select ‘TIME’ or ‘DIST’ length mode, and press
the ENT Key.
7)
Use the FMS Knobs to edit the length, and press the ENT Key.
8)
Use the small FMS Knob to select ‘RIGHT’ or ‘LEFT’ turn direction, and
press the ENT Key.
9)
Use the FMS Knobs to edit the Expect Further Clearance Time (EFC TIME),
and press the ENT Key.
Procedures
2)
Additional
Features
Abnormal
Operation
Annun/
Alerts
Creating a user-defined hold at the aircraft present position:
2)
Press the MENU Key, highlight ‘Hold At Present Position’, and press the
ENT Key. The HOLD AT window appears with the Length mode highlighted.
31
Index
Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page (MFD) or the Active
Flight Plan Window (PFD).
Appendix
1)
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
Hazard
Avoidance
10) Press the ENT Key while ‘LOAD?’ is highlighted to add the hold into the
flight plan.
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Flight
Planning
Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page (MFD) or the Active
Flight Plan Window (PFD).
GPS Nav
1)
AFCS
Creating a user-defined hold at an active flight plan waypoint:
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
A holding pattern can be defined at any active flight plan waypoint, or at the aircraft
present position.
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Flight Planning
3)
Use the small FMS Knob to select ‘TIME’ or ‘DIST’ length mode, and press
the ENT Key.
4)
Use the FMS Knobs to edit the length, and press the ENT Key.
5)
Use the small FMS Knob to select ‘RIGHT’ or ‘LEFT’ turn direction, and
press the ENT Key.
6)
Use the FMS Knobs to edit the Expect Further Clearance Time (EFC TIME),
and press the ENT Key.
7)
Press the ENT Key while ‘ACTIVATE?’ is highlighted to immediately activate
the hold.
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
Creating a User-Defined Hold at a Direct-To Waypoint:
1)
Press a Direct-to Key and set up the Direct To waypoint as desired, but
select ‘HOLD?’ instead of ‘ACTIVATE?’ when finished.
2)
Use the FMS Knobs to edit the entry course, and press the ENT Key.
3)
Use the small FMS Knob to select ‘INBOUND’ or ‘OUTBOUND’ course
direction, and press the ENT Key.
4)
Use the small FMS Knob to select ‘TIME’ or ‘DIST’ length mode, and press
the ENT Key.
5)
Use the FMS Knobs to edit the length, and press the ENT Key.
6)
Use the small FMS Knob to select ‘RIGHT’ or ‘LEFT’ turn direction, and
press the ENT Key.
7)
Use the FMS Knobs to edit the Expect Further Clearance Time (EFC TIME),
and press the ENT Key.
8)
Press the ENT Key while ‘ACTIVATE?’ is highlighted to activate the Direct To
with the user-defined hold defined at the Direct To waypoint.
1)
Press the Direct To Key to display the DIRECT TO Window (PFD or MFD).
2)
Press the MENU Key to display the PAGE MENU with the cursor on the
‘Cancel Direct To NAV’ selection.
3)
Press the ENT Key. The holding pattern is removed.
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Removing a user-defined hold (created at the aircraft present position
or at a Direct-To waypoint):
32
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Flight Planning
Flight
Instruments
Removing a user-defined hold (created at an active flight plan
waypoint):
2)
Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor (not required on the PFD) and
turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the HOLD waypoint.
3)
Press the CLR Key. A ‘Remove Holding Pattern?’ confirmation window is
displayed.
4)
Select ‘OK’ and press the ENT Key. The holding pattern is removed from
the active flight plan. Select ‘CANCEL’ and press the ENT Key to cancel the
removal of the holding pattern.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page (MFD) or the Active
Flight Plan Window (PFD).
GPS Nav
3)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘Invert Flight Plan’.
4)
Press the ENT Key. The original flight plan remains intact in its flight plan
catalog storage location.
5)
With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key to invert the flight plan.
1)
Or, for a stored flight plan:
Annun/
Alerts
a) Press the MFD FPL Key and turn the small FMS Knob to select the
Flight Plan Catalog Page.
b) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
Appendix
c) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the desired flight plan.
d) Select the EDIT Softkey.
2)
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
33
Index
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the title for the approach, departure,
arrival, or airway to be deleted. Titles appear in white directly above the
procedure’s waypoints.
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Abnormal
Operation
Press the FPL Key to display the active flight plan. Press the FMS Knob to
activate the cursor.
Additional
Features
REMOVE A DEPARTURE, ARRIVAL, APPROACH, OR AIRWAY FROM A FLIGHT
PLAN
Hazard
Avoidance
Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu.
Procedures
2)
Flight
Planning
Press the FPL Key to display the active flight plan.
AFCS
INVERT AN ACTIVE FLIGHT PLAN
1)
EIS
1)
3)
Press the CLR Key to display a confirmation window.
4)
With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key to remove the selected procedure
or airway.
STORE A FLIGHT PLAN
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Flight Planning
1)
After creating a flight plan on either the PFD or MFD, it may be saved by
pressing the MENU Key.
2)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘Store Flight Plan’ and press the ENT Key.
3)
With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key to store the flight plan.
1)
Press the FPL Key for the MFD and turn the small FMS Knob to display the
Flight Plan Catalog Page.
2)
Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
3)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the desired flight plan.
4)
Select the EDIT Softkey.
5)
Turn the large FMS Knob to place the cursor in the desired location.
6)
Enter the changes, then press the ENT Key.
7)
Press the FMS Knob to return to the Flight Plan Catalog Page.
DELETE A WAYPOINT FROM THE FLIGHT PLAN
1)
Press the FPL Key to display the active flight plan. Press the FMS Knob to
activate the cursor.
Or, for a stored flight plan:
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
EDIT A STORED FLIGHT PLAN
Annun/
Alerts
a) Press the FPL Key of the MFD and turn the small FMS Knob to select
the Flight Plan Catalog Page.
b) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
Appendix
c) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the desired flight plan.
Index
d) Select the EDIT Softkey.
34
2)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the waypoint to be deleted.
3)
Press the CLR Key to display a ‘REMOVE (Wpt Name)?’ confirmation
window.
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Flight Planning
5)
Once all changes have been made, press the FMS Knob to remove the
cursor.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
INVERT AND ACTIVATE A STORED FLIGHT PLAN
Press the FPL Key on the MFD or MFD Control Unit.
2)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the Flight Plan Catalog Page.
3)
Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
4)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the desired flight plan.
5)
Select the INVERT Softkey. ‘Invert and activate stored flight plan?’ is
displayed.
6)
With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key. The selected flight plan is now
inverted and activated. The original flight plan remains intact in its flight plan
catalog storage location.
AFCS
1)
Procedures
2)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the Flight Plan Catalog Page.
3)
Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
4)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the flight plan to be copied.
5)
Select the COPY Softkey. A ‘Copy to flight plan #?’ confirmation window is
displayed.
6)
With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key to copy the flight plan. To cancel,
turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘CANCEL’ and press the ENT Key.
Hazard
Avoidance
Press the FPL Key on the MFD or MFD Control Unit.
Annun/
Alerts
4)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the flight plan to be deleted.
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
Index
Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
Appendix
3)
Abnormal
Operation
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the Flight Plan Catalog Page.
Additional
Features
DELETE A FLIGHT PLAN
2)
Flight
Planning
1)
Press the FPL Key on the MFD or MFD Control Unit.
GPS Nav
COPY A FLIGHT PLAN
1)
EIS
With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key to remove the waypoint. To cancel
the delete request, turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘CANCEL’ and press
the ENT Key.
Flight
Instruments
4)
35
5)
Select the DELETE Softkey. A ‘Delete flight plan #?’ confirmation window is
displayed.
6)
With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key to delete the flight plan. To cancel,
turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘CANCEL’ and press the ENT Key.
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Flight Planning
1)
Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page on the MFD.
2)
Press the Joystick to activate the map pointer. Use the Joystick to move
the pointer to the desired point on the map to be inserted as a waypoint in
the flight plan.
3)
The default insertion point is at the end of the flight plan. If the selected
waypoint is to be placed anywhere other than the end of the flight plan,
press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor. Waypoints are inserted ABOVE
the cursor. Turn the large FMS Knob to select the desired insertion point.
4)
Select the LD WPT Softkey. The selected waypoint is inserted at the selected
point. The default user waypoint naming is USR000, USR001, USR002, and
so on.
5)
To change the user waypoint name, follow the procedure for modifying a user
waypoint.
EXPORT A FLIGHT PLAN TO AN SD CARD
1)
Insert the SD card into the top card slot on the MFD.
2)
Press the FPL Key on the Contol Unit to display the Active Flight Plan Page
on the MFD.
3)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the Flight Plan Catalog Page.
4)
Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
5)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the flight plan to be exported.
6)
Select the EXPORT Softkey.
7)
Press the ENT Key to confirm the export.
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
GRAPHICAL FLIGHT PLAN CREATION
36
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Procedures
Flight
Instruments
PROCEDURES
LOAD AND ACTIVATE A DEPARTURE PROCEDURE
EIS
3)
Press the ENT Key. The cursor is displayed in the ‘DEPARTURE’ field with a
list of available departures.
4)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the desired departure.
5)
Press the ENT Key. A list of runways may be displayed for the departure. If
so, turn either FMS Knob to select the desired runway.
6)
Press the ENT Key. The cursor is displayed in the ‘TRANSITION’ field with a
list of available transitions.
7)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the desired transition.
8)
Press the ENT Key.
9)
With ‘LOAD?’ highlighted, press the ENT Key. The departure is active when
the flight plan is active.
Flight
Planning
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘SELECT DEPARTURE’.
GPS Nav
2)
AFCS
Press the PROC Key.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
1)
Procedures
Hazard
Avoidance
ACTIVATE A DEPARTURE LEG
Press the FPL Key on the MFD or MFD Control Unit to display the active
flight plan.
2)
Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
3)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the TO waypoint of the desired leg
within the departure.
4)
Select the ACT LEG Softkey. A confirmation window showing the selected
leg is displayed.
5)
With ‘ACTIVATE’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
Additional
Features
1)
Abnormal
Operation
Annun/
Alerts
LOAD AN ARRIVAL PROCEDURE
Appendix
Press the PROC Key.
2)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘SELECT ARRIVAL’.
3)
Press the ENT Key. The cursor is displayed in the ‘ARRIVAL’ field with a list
of available arrivals.
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
37
Index
1)
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Procedures
4)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the desired arrival.
5)
Press the ENT Key. A list of transitions is displayed for the selected arrival.
6)
Turn either FMS Knob to select the desired transition.
7)
Press the ENT Key. A list of runways may be displayed for the selected
arrival.
8)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the desired runway.
9)
Press the ENT Key.
10) With ‘LOAD?’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
AFCS
11) The arrival becomes part of the active flight plan.
GPS Nav
12) If an altitude associated with a waypoint in an arrival procedure is to be
used to calculate vertical guidance perform the following steps:
a) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
c) Press the ENT Key to designate the altitude for use in giving vertical
guidance.
ACTIVATE AN ARRIVAL LEG
1)
Press the FPL Key to display the active flight plan.
2)
Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
3)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the TO waypoint of the desired leg
within the arrival.
4)
Select the ACT LEG Softkey. A confirmation window showing the selected
leg is displayed.
5)
With ‘ACTIVATE’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
LOAD AND/OR ACTIVATE AN APPROACH PROCEDURE
NOTE: If certain GPS parameters (SBAS, RAIM, etc.) are not available, some
published approach procedures for the desired airport may not be displayed
in the list of available approaches.
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
b) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the desired waypoint altitude.
38
1)
Press the PROC Key.
2)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘SELECT APPROACH’.
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Procedures
Press the ENT Key. A list of available approaches for the destination airport
is displayed.
4)
Turn either FMS Knob to highlight the desired approach.
5)
Press the ENT Key. A list of available transitions for the selected approach
procedure is now displayed.
EIS
6)
Turn either FMS Knob to select the desired transition. The “Vectors”
option assumes vectors will be received to the final course segment of
the approach and will provide navigation guidance relative to the final
approach course.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
7)
Press the ENT Key. The cursor moves to the MINIMUMS field.
8)
If desired, the DA/MDA for the selected approach procedure may be
entered and displayed on the PFD. Turn the small FMS Knob in the
direction of the green arrow to change the display from OFF to BARO,
optional RAD ALT, or TEMP COMP.
9)
Press the ENT Key. The cursor moves to the altitude field. Turn the small
FMS Knob to enter the published DA/MDA for the selected approach
procedure.
Flight
Instruments
3)
AFCS
GPS Nav
Flight
Planning
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
11) Press the ENT Key. ‘LOAD? or ACTIVATE?’ is now displayed with ‘LOAD?’
highlighted.
Procedures
10) Press the ENT Key. If BARO, RAD ALT, or OFF was selected step 8, proceed
to step 11. If TEMP COMP was selected in step 8, the cursor moves to the
‘TEMP AT....” field. Turn the small FMS Knob to enter the temperature at
the destination airport. The temperature compensated altitude minimum is
displayed below the previously enter minimum altitude value.
Abnormal
Operation
12) Turn the large FMS Knob to select either ‘LOAD?’ or ‘ACTIVATE?’.
Annun/
Alerts
Selecting ‘LOAD?’ enters the selected approach procedure into the active
flight plan, but is not currently active. Selecting ‘ACTIVATE?’ enters the
selected approach procedure into the active flight plan and activates the
first leg of the approach.
13) Press the ENT Key.
Appendix
Index
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
39
ACTIVATE AN APPROACH IN THE ACTIVE FLIGHT PLAN
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
2)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘ACTIVATE APPROACH’.
3)
Press the ENT Key.
1)
Press the PROC Key.
2)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘ACTIVATE VECTOR-TO-FINAL’.
3)
Press the ENT Key.
4)
The final approach course becomes the active leg.
ACTIVATE A MISSED APPROACH IN THE ACTIVE FLIGHT PLAN
1)
Press the PROC Key.
2)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘ACTIVATE MISSED APPROACH’.
3)
Press the ENT Key. A confirmation window is displayed.
4)
With ‘ACTIVATE’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
Or:
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
Press the PROC Key.
Press the TO/GA switch.
TEMPERATURE COMPENSATED ALTITUDE
When temperature compensated altitude is enabled for the loaded approach, the
altitudes associated with the approach waypoints are displayed in slanted text.
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
1)
ACTIVATE A VECTOR TO FINAL APPROACH FIX
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Procedures
40
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Procedures
Flight
Instruments
EIS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Altitudes Displayed Without
Temperature Compensation
Altitudes Displayed With
Temperature Compensation
AFCS
Flight
Planning
Use the small FMS Knob to select the temperature at the <airport>. The
compensated altitude is computed as the temperature is selected.
Press the ENT Key. ‘ACTIVATE COMPENSATION?’ is highlighted.
6)
Press the ENT Key. The compensated altitudes for the approach are
Hazard
Avoidance
5)
shown in the flight plan.
Additional
Features
Disabling temperature compensated altitude:
1) From the Active Flight Plan Page, press the MENU Key. The Page Menu is
displayed.
2) Turn the FMS Knob to highlight ‘Temperature Compensation’.
3) Press the ENT Key. The TEMPERATURE COMPENSATION Window is
displayed.
4) Press the ENT Key. ‘CANCEL COMPENSATION?’ is highlighted.
Abnormal
Operation
Annun/
Alerts
Press the ENT Key. The temperature compensated altitude at the FAF
is cancelled.
Appendix
5)
Procedures
4)
GPS Nav
Enabling temperature compensated altitude:
1) From the Active Flight Plan Page, press the MENU Key. The Page Menu is
displayed.
2) Turn the FMS Knob to highlight ‘Temperature Compensation’.
3) Press the ENT Key. The TEMPERATURE COMPENSATION Window is
displayed.
Index
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
41
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Procedures
Blank Page
42
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Hazard Avoidance
Flight
Instruments
HAZARD AVOIDANCE
CUSTOMIZING THE HAZARD DISPLAYS ON THE NAVIGATION MAP
2)
Press the ENT Key. The Map Setup Menu is displayed. Turn the small FMS
Knob to select ‘Weather’ to customize the display of weather features. Select
‘Traffic’ to customize the display of traffic.
3)
Press the small FMS Knob to return to the Navigation Map Page.
AFCS
STORMSCOPE® (OPTIONAL)
2)
Select the STRMSCP Softkey. Select the STRMSCP Softkey again to
remove Stormscope Lightning Data from the Navigation Map Page.
Hazard
Avoidance
Select the MAP Softkey.
Procedures
1)
Flight
Planning
Displaying Stormscope Lightning Data on the Navigation Map Page
GPS Nav
WARNING: The Stormscope system is not intended to be used for hazardous
thunderstorm penetration. Weather information on the G950 MFD is approved
for weather avoidance only. Refer to the WX-500 Pilot’s Guide for detailed
operation.
Symbol
Additional
Features
Lightning Age
Strike is less than 6 seconds old
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
With the Navigation Map Page displayed, press the MENU Key to display the
Navigation Map Page Menu. The cursor flashes on the ‘Map Setup’ option.
EIS
1)
Strike is between 6 and 60 seconds old
Abnormal
Operation
Strike is between 1 and 2 minutes old
Strike is between 2 and 3 minutes old
Annun/
Alerts
Select ‘Cell’ or ‘Strike’ as the Stormscope Lightning Mode
2)
Turn either FMS Knob to highlight ‘Map Setup’.
3)
Press the ENT Key.
4)
Turn the small FMS Knob to highlight ‘Weather’.
5)
Press the ENT Key.
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
Index
Press the MENU Key (with the Navigation Map Page displayed).
Appendix
1)
43
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Hazard Avoidance
6)
Turn the large FMS Knob to place the cursor in the ‘STRMSCP MODE’ field.
7)
Turn the small FMS Knob to display the ‘Cell/Strike’ window.
8)
Turn either FMS Knob to select ‘Cell’ or ‘Strike’. Press the ENT Key.
9)
Push the FMS Knob to return to the Navigation Map Page.
1)
Press the MENU Key (with the Navigation Map Page displayed).
2)
Turn either FMS Knob to highlight the ‘Clear Stormscope® Lightning’ field
and press the ENT Key.
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Clear Stormscope Lightning Data from the Navigation Map Page
NOTE: If heading input is lost, strikes and/or cells must be cleared manually
GPS Nav
after the execution of each turn. This is to ensure that the strike and/or cell
positions are depicted accurately in relation to the nose of the aircraft.
Procedures
Flight
Planning
Stormscope Page
1)
Turn the large FMS Knob until the Map Page group is selected.
2)
Turn the small FMS Knob until the Stormscope Page is selected.
1)
Select the Stormscope Page.
2)
Select the MODE Softkey. The CELL and STRIKE Softkeys are displayed.
Select the CELL Softkey to display ‘CELL’ data or select the STRIKE Softkey
to display ‘STRIKE’ data. ‘CELL’ or ‘STRIKE’ is displayed in the mode box
located in the upper left corner of the Stormscope Page.
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Change the Stormscope Lightning Mode Between ‘Cell’ and ‘Strike’
Abnormal
Operation
NOTE: “Cell mode” uses a clustering program to identify clusters of electrical
activity that indicate cells.
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Change the Viewing Mode Between 360˚ and 120˚
1)
Select the Stormscope Page.
2)
Select the VIEW Softkey. The 360 and ARC Softkeys are displayed. Select
the 360 Softkey to display a 360˚ viewing area or select the ARC Softkey to
display a 120˚ viewing area.
Index
Select the CLEAR Softkey to remove all Stormscope lightning data from the
display.
44
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Hazard Avoidance
2)
If necessary, turn the small FMS Knob to select the Weather Data Link
(FIS-B, XM, or CNXT) Page.
3)
Press the MENU Key.
4)
If necessary, turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘Display XM Weather’
and press the ENT Key.
GPS Nav
If necessary, turn the large FMS Knob to select the Map Page Group.
AFCS
1)
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Changing the Weather Data Link Source to Display SiriusXM Weather
Flight
Planning
Displaying Weather on the XM Weather Data Link Page
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the Weather Data Link (XM or CNXT) Page.
3)
If the page title contains ‘CNXT’, it will be necessary to change the data link
weather source from Garmin Connext to SiriusXM Weather. Refer to the
previous procedure to change the source.
4)
Select the LEGEND Softkey to view the legends for the selected products. If
necessary, turn either FMS Knob to scroll through the list. Press the small
FMS Knob or the ENT Key to return to the map.
Displaying SiriusXM Weather on the Navigation Map Page
2)
Select the NEXRAD-B or NEXRAD-C, XM LTNG and/or METAR Softkey to
display the desired weather. Select the applicable softkey again to remove
weather data from the Navigation Map Page.
Display METAR and TAF information on the Airport Information Page
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the Airport Information Page.
3)
Select the WX Softkey to display METAR and TAF text (METAR and TAF
information is updated every 12 minutes).
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
Index
2)
Appendix
Turn the large FMS Knob to select the WPT Page Group.
Annun/
Alerts
Select the MAP Softkey.
Abnormal
Operation
1)
Additional
Features
2)
Hazard
Avoidance
Turn the large FMS Knob to select the Map Page Group.
Procedures
1)
1)
EIS
WARNING: Do not use data link weather information for maneuvering in, near,
or around areas of hazardous weather. Information contained within data
link weather products may not accurately depict current weather conditions.
Flight
Instruments
SIRIUSXM WEATHER (SUBSCRIPTION OPTIONAL)
45
Hazard Avoidance
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Map Panning Information – XM Weather Data Link Page
1)
Push in the Joystick to display the panning arrow.
2)
Move the Joystick to place the panning arrow on AIRMETs, TFRs, METARs,
SIGMETs, PIREPs or AIREPs.
3)
Press the ENT Key to display pertinent information for the selected product.
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Note that pressing the ENT Key when panning over an AIRMET or a
SIGMET displays an information box that shows the text of the report.
Panning over an airport with METAR information does not display more
information but allows the user to press the ENT Key and select that
Airport’s Information Page to display the text of the report. Pressing the
ENT Key when panning over a TFR displays TFR specific information.
SiriusXM Weather Products and Symbols
Flight
Planning
Wx Product
Status Icons
Description
Procedures
NEXRAD - Available for the US and Canada. The age of the displayed data
for each is shown at the right.
Hazard
Avoidance
ECHO TOP - The age of the displayed data is shown at the right. Not
displayed when CLOUD TOP is displayed.
Additional
Features
CLOUD TOP - The age of the displayed data is shown at the right. Not
displayed when ECHO TOP is displayed.
XM LIGHTNING - The age of the displayed data is shown at the right.
Abnormal
Operation
CELL MOVEMENT - The age of the displayed data is shown at the right.
Annun/
Alerts
SIGMET & AIRMET - The age of the displayed data for each is shown at the
right.
Appendix
METAR - Available for the US and Canada. The age of the displayed data for
each is shown at the right.
Index
SURFACE ANALYSIS with CITY FORECAST - The upper symbol depicts
Surface Analysis. The lower symbol depicts City Forecast. The age of the
displayed data for each is shown at the right. The selected forecast period is
shown at the bottom.
46
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Hazard Avoidance
Flight
Instruments
Wx Product
Status Icons
Description
FREEZING LEVEL - The age of the displayed data is shown at the right.
EIS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
WINDS ALOFT - Available for the US and Canada. The age of the displayed
data for each is shown at the right. The altitude selection is shown at the
bottom.
COUNTY WARNING - The age of the displayed data is shown at the right.
AFCS
CYCLONE WARNING - The age of the displayed data is shown at the right.
GPS Nav
AIREP - The age of the displayed data is shown at the right.
Flight
Planning
PIREP - The age of the displayed data is shown at the right. Urgent Pireps
are displayed in yellow.
Procedures
TURBULENCE - The age of the displayed data is shown at the right. The
altitude selection is shown at the bottom.
Hazard
Avoidance
ICING POTENTIAL - The age of the displayed data is shown at the right.
The altitude selection is shown at the bottom.
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
47
Index
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Appendix
Weather data is provided when the pilot initiates either a manual or automatic
Connext data request on the Connext Weather Data Link Page on the MFD. No
weather data is displayed until the first Connext Weather Data Request is made.
Annun/
Alerts
WARNING: Do not use the indicated data link weather product age to determine
the age of the weather information shown by the data link weather product. Due
to time delays inherent in gathering and processing weather data for data link
transmission, the weather information shown by the data link weather product
may be significantly older than the indicated weather product age.
Abnormal
Operation
WARNING: Do not use data link weather information for maneuvering in,
near or around areas of hazardous weather. Information contained within data
link weather products may not accurately depict current weather conditions.
Additional
Features
CONNEXT™ WEATHER (OPTIONAL)
Registering with Garmin Connext
A subscriber account must be established prior to receiving Connext Weather
products. Contact Garmin Connext at https://fly.garmin.com/fly-garmin/support/
applications/satelliteservices/ or by calling 1-866-739-5687 in the United States or
(011) 913-440-1135. The following information is required to register for Connext
Weather services: G950 System ID, GSR56 (GSR1/GSR2) Serial Number(s), Tail
Number, Serail/Airframe Number, Country of Registration, Aircraft Manufacturer, and
Aircraft Model.
1) Turn the large FMS Knob on the MFD to select the AUX page group.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the AUX-SYSTEM STATUS. Note the
System ID and GSR1/GSR2 Serial Number in the AIRFRAME field.
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Hazard Avoidance
Activating Connext Weather Registration
After a subscriber account has been established, the system must be activated for
Connext Weather. Activation is accomplished by entering the required access code.
This process is only performed when initially setting up the system for Connext
services.
1) Ensure the aircraft is outside and has a clear view of the sky.
2) Turn the large FMS Knob on the MFD to select the MAP page group.
3) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the MAP - WEATHER DATA LINK (CNXT
or XM) Page. If ‘XM’ is displayed in the page title, it will be necessary to
change the data link source to Garmin Connext (CNXT) before continuing.
Refer to ‘Viewing the Weather Data Link Page’ procedure to change the
data link source to Garmin Connext Weather prior to registration.
4) If the system displays the ‘Connext Registration’ window, proceed to step 7.
Otherwise, press the MENU Key.
5) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘Register With Connext’ in the menu
list.
6) Press the ENT Key. The Connext Registration window is displayed.
7) Enter the access code provided by customer service in the ACCESS CODE
field.
8) Press the ENT Key. ‘REGISTER’ is highlighted.
9) Press the ENT Key. The system contacts the Garmin Connext service
through the Iridium satellite network using the GSR 56. Registration is
complete when the STATUS field displays ‘REGISTERED’.
48
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Hazard Avoidance
2)
If necessary, turn the small FMS Knob to select the Weather Data Link
(FIS-B, XM, or CNXT) Page.
3)
Press the MENU Key.
4)
If necessary, turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘Display Connext
Weather’ and press the ENT Key.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
If necessary, turn the large FMS Knob to select the Map Page Group.
EIS
1)
Flight
Instruments
Changing the Weather Data Link Source to Display Connext Weather
AFCS
Accessing Connext Weather Products
Turn the large FMS Knob to select the Map Page Group.
2)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the Connext Weather Data Link Page.
Infrared Satellite
(IR SAT)
60
30
Data Link Lightning
(DL LTNG)
30
Continuous
Index
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
Appendix
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Annun/
Alerts
U.S./Canada: 3*
Europe: 15
Abnormal
Operation
30
Additional
Features
Radar Precipitation
(PRECIP)
Hazard
Avoidance
Refresh Rate
(Minutes)
Symbol
Procedures
Expiration
Time
(Minutes)
Weather Product
Flight
Planning
When a weather product is selected for display on the Connext Weather Data Link
Page, a box containing a symbol for the product and its age (in minutes) are shown
in the upper right. If weather data has not been requested, ‘N/A’ is shown next to the
product symbol instead of age. The age of the weather product is based on the time
difference between when the data was assembled on the ground and the current GPS
time. Weather products are updated continuously or refreshed at specific intervals
(defined in the Refresh Rate column in the following table).
If for any reason, a weather product is not refreshed within the defined Expiration
Time intervals, the data is considered expired and is removed from the display. The
age of the expired product is replaced by dashes. If more than half of the expiration
time has elapsed, the color of the product age readout changes to yellow.
The refresh rate represents the interval at which the Connext servers make available
the most current known weather data. It does not necessarily represent the rate at
which new content is received from weather sources.
GPS Nav
1)
49
Hazard Avoidance
Refresh Rate
(Minutes)
SIGMETs/AIRMETs
(SIG/AIR)
60
Continuous
Meteorological Aerodrome Report
(METARs)
90
Continuous
Winds Aloft
(WIND)
60
Continuous
Symbol
Pilot Weather Report
90
Continuous
(PIREPs)
Temporary Flight Restrictions
no product image
60
Continuous
(TFRs)
Terminal Aerodrome Reports
no product image
60
Continuous
(TAFs)
* The composite precipitation image is updated every 3 minutes, but individual radar sites
may take between 3 and 10 minutes to provide new data.
Setting Up and Customizing the Connext Weather Data Link Page
1)
Select the Connext Weather Data Link Page.
2)
Press the MENU Key.
3)
With ‘Weather Setup’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
4)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select ‘Product Group 1’ or ‘Product Group 2’,
and press the ENT Key.
5)
Turn the large FMS Knob or press the ENT Key to scroll through product
selections.
6)
Turn the small FMS Knob to scroll through options for each product (ON/
OFF, range settings, etc.).
7)
Press the ENT Key to select an option.
8)
Press the FMS Knob or CLR Key to return to the Connext Weather Data
Link Page with the changed settings.
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Expiration
Time
(Minutes)
Weather Product
50
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Hazard Avoidance
2)
Press the MENU Key.
3)
With ‘Weather Setup’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
4)
Press the MENU Key.
5)
Highlight the desired default(s) to restore (all or for selection) and press
ENT Key.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Select the Connext Weather Data Link Page.
EIS
1)
Flight
Instruments
Restoring Default Connext Weather Data Link Page Settings
Select the Connext Weather Data Link Page.
2)
Select the LEGEND Softkey to display the legends for the displayed
weather products.
GPS Nav
1)
AFCS
Viewing Legends for Displayed Connext Weather Products
Or:
Flight
Planning
a) Press the MENU Key.
b) Select ‘Weather Legend’ and press the ENT Key.
4)
To remove the Legend Window, select the LEGEND Softkey, the ENT or the
CLR Key, or press the FMS Knob.
Additional
Features
Setting Up and Customizing Weather Data for the Navigation Map
Page
Select the Navigation Map Page.
2)
Press the MENU Key.
3)
With ‘Map Setup’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
4)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the ‘Weather’ Group and press the ENT
Key.
5)
Turn the large FMS Knob or press the ENT Key to scroll through product
selections.
6)
Turn the small FMS Knob to scroll through options for each product (ON/
OFF, range settings).
7)
Press the ENT Key to select an option.
8)
Press the FMS Knob or CLR Key to return to the Navigation Map Page with
the changed settings.
Annun/
Alerts
Appendix
51
Index
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
Abnormal
Operation
1)
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Hazard
Avoidance
Turn the FMS Knob to scroll through the legends if more are available than
fit in the window.
Procedures
3)
Connext Weather Data Requests
The Connext Data Request window provides the flight crew with the options to
define the requested weather coverage area(s), choose automatic weather update
intervals (if desired), and the ability to send or cancel weather data requests. The
window also displays the status of the Connext data request process.
Requesting Connext Weather Data Manually
1)
Select the Connext Weather Data Link Page.
2)
Press the MENU Key.
3)
With ‘Connext Weather Request’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
4)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the desired coverage option(s)
and press the ENT Key to check or uncheck one of more of the following
coverage selections:
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Hazard Avoidance
Flight
Planning
• PRESENT POSITION – Requests data based on current location.
• DESTINATION – Requests data based on active flight plan destination
(if the flight plan contains no destination, dashes ‘------” are displayed.)
Procedures
• FPL – Requests data based on active flight plan. Turn the small FMS
Knob to select the desired flight plan look-ahead distance option (or
choose ‘REMAINING FPL’ to request the remainder of the flight plan).
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
• WAYPOINT – Requests data based on any valid waypoint.
5)
Turn the large FMS Knob highlight to the ‘DIAMETER / RTE WIDTH’
distance field and turn the small FMS Knob to select the desired diameter
and route width of the request, then press the ENT Key.
6)
Turn the large FMS Knob until the ‘SEND REQ’ button is highlighted. Press
the ENT Key to initiate the request immediately or press the FMS Knob to
return to the Connext Data Link Page without requesting data.
During a Connext Data Request, the Request Status box initially displays
“Contacting Connext...”. Once a connection is established, the Request Status Box
displays “Receiving Wx Data... Time Remaining:” with an estimated data transfer time
(either minutes or seconds). If desired, the Connext Data Request window may be
closed while the data request is processing by pressing the FMS Knob; the data request
will continue to process in the background. Connext Data Requests typically take
between 1 to 4 minutes to complete depending on the size of the selected weather
coverage area and Iridium signal strength.
52
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Hazard Avoidance
Appendix
There is a problem with the Connext registration. Contact
Garmin Connext at 1-866-739-5687 in the United States or
(011) 913-440-1135 for assistance.
Annun/
Alerts
Connext Login Invalid
Abnormal
Operation
Connext Comm Error [8]
Additional
Features
Connext Comm Error [7]
Hazard
Avoidance
Connext Comm Error [6]
Procedures
Connext Comm Error [5]
Flight
Planning
Connext Comm Error [4]
The system has disabled automatic weather data requests
due to excessive errors. Automatic weather data requests
have stopped. Send a manual weather data request to
resume automatic updates.
The system will attempt another automatic weather data
request after an error occurred during the previous request.
Timer counts down until the next automatic request occurs.
A communications error has occurred with the GIA. The
system should be serviced.
This occurs if multiple automatic weather data requests
have recently failed, or the GDL 59 or a GIA is off-line.
The Iridium or Connext networks are not accessible. Check
Iridium signal strength. If this error persists, the system
should be serviced.
A communications error has occurred. It this error persists,
the system should be serviced.
A weather data transfer has timed out. Check Iridium
signal strength and re-send the data request.
A server error has occurred or invalid data received.
GPS Nav
Connext Comm Error [2]
AFCS
Auto update retry: ##
Seconds
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Auto requests inhibited
Send manual request to
reset.
Description
EIS
Weather Request Status
Message
Flight
Instruments
The system retrieves all available Connext Weather products within the selected
coverage area during an initial Connext Data Request, regardless of which products (if
any) are currently enabled for display. On subsequent requests, previously retrieved
textual data (such as METARs and TAFs) is retained if it has not expired, while new
textual weather data matching the current coverage area and all graphical weather data
is downloaded during every data request.
If the system cannot complete a Connext weather data request, one or more
messages will appear in the request status window as shown in the following table.
Index
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
53
Weather Request Status
Message
Connext Server Temporarily
Inop
Connext Server Inop
Invalid Coverage Area
No Connext Subscription
Reduce Request Area
The Connext weather data server is temporarily out of
service, but is expected to return to service in less than 30
minutes.
The Connext weather data server will be out of service for
at least 30 minutes.
The weather data request coverage area does not contain
at least one of the following: a waypoint, a flight plan,
or a flight plan destination. Verify at least one of the
coverage options is enabled (checked) and contains
required criteria, then re-send the data request.
The system is not be currently subscribed to Connext,
or the access code is incorrect. Verify the access code.
Contact Garmin Connext at 1-866-739-5687 in the United
States or (011) 913-440-1135 for assistance.
The Connext weather data request area exceeds size limits.
Reduce weather coverage area and re-send data request.
The user has cancelled a Connext weather data request.
Requested area too large.
Reduce coverage area.
The size of the Connext weather data request has exceeded
limits. Reduce the size of the coverage area and try the
weather data request again.
Request Failed - Try Again
The weather data request timed-out. Re-send data request.
Transfer Preempted
The data link is busy. Retry request later.
Abnormal
Operation
Hazard
Avoidance
Request Cancelled
Description
Additional
Features
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Hazard Avoidance
1)
Select the Connext Weather Data Link Page.
2)
Press the MENU Key.
3)
With ‘Connext Data Request’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
4)
Turn the large FMS Knob to select ‘CANCEL REQ’ and press the ENT Key.
The request status box indicates ‘Request Cancelled’.
5)
Press the FMS Knob to return to the Connext Weather Data Link Page.
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Cancelling a Connext Weather Data Request in Progress
54
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Hazard Avoidance
Flight
Instruments
Enabling Automatic Connext Data Requests
Select the Connext Weather Data Link Page.
2)
Press the MENU Key.
3)
With ‘Connext Weather Request’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
4)
Choose the desired weather coverage options.
5)
Turn the large FMS Knob to select the ‘UPDATE RATE’ setting. Then turn
the small FMS Knob to highlight the desired automatic update frequency
(OFF, 5 Min, 10 Min, 15 Min, 20 Min, 25 Min, 30 Min, 45 Min, or 60 Min),
then press the ENT Key.
6)
The ‘SEND REQ” button is highlighted and a countdown timer is displayed
in the ‘REQUEST STATUS’ based on the currently selected update rate.
Press the ENT Key to immediately send an immediate Connext Data
Request.
EIS
1)
GPS Nav
Flight
Planning
Procedures
Connext Weather Products
Precipitation
2)
Select the PRECIP Softkey.
55
Index
Radar data shown represents lowest level, base reflectivity, of radar returns. The
display of the information is color-coded to indicate the weather severity level. All
weather product legends can be viewed on the Connext Weather Data Link Page. For
the Precipitation legend, select the LEGEND Softkey when Precipitation is selected
for display.
Appendix
Select the MAP Softkey (for the PFD Inset Map, select the INSET Softkey).
This step is not necessary on the Connext Weather Data Link Page.
Annun/
Alerts
1)
Abnormal
Operation
Displaying Precipitation Weather Information
Additional
Features
NOTE: Precipitation data cannot be displayed on the Navigation Map Page
at the same time as terrain.
Hazard
Avoidance
Precipitation data is not real-time. The lapsed time between collection, processing,
and dissemination of radar images can be significant and may not reflect the current
radar synopsis. Due to the inherent delays and the relative age of the data, it should
be used for long-range planning purposes only.
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
AFCS
Press the FMS Knob to return to the Connext Weather Data Link Page.
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Or:
Hazard Avoidance
Infrared Satellite
Infrared Satellite (IR SAT) data depicts cloud top temperatures from satellite
imagery. Brighter cloud top colors indicate cooler temperatures occurring at higher
altitudes.
Displaying Cloud Tops information
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Precipitation Limitations
Radar images may have certain limitations:
• Radar base reflectivity does not provide sufficient information to determine cloud
layers or precipitation characteristics (wet hail vs. rain). For example, it is not
possible to distinguish between wet snow, wet hail, and rain.
• Radar base reflectivity is sampled at the minimum antenna elevation angle. An
individual radar site cannot depict high altitude storms at close ranges. It has
no information about storms directly over the site.
• When zoomed in to a range of 30 nm, each square block on the display represents
an area of four square kilometers.
The following may cause abnormalities in displayed radar images:
• Ground clutter
• Strobes and spurious radar data
• Sun strobes (when the radar antenna points directly at the sun)
• Interference from buildings or mountains, which may cause shadows
• Metallic dust from military aircraft, which can cause alterations in radar scans
1)
Select the Connext Weather Data Link Page.
2)
Select the IR SAT Softkey.
To display the Infrared Satellite legend, select the LEGEND Softkey when Infrared
Satellite data is selected for display.
Data Link Lightning
Lightning data shows the approximate location of cloud-to-ground lightning strikes.
A strike icon represents a strike that has occurred within a two-kilometer region.
Neither cloud-to-cloud nor the exact location of the lightning strike is displayed.
If the aircraft is also equipped with an on-board lightning detection system (e.g.,
L-3 WX-500 Stormscope®), only one lightning product may be enabled for display at
a time.
56
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Hazard Avoidance
Select the MAP Softkey (for the PFD Inset Map, select the INSET Softkey).
This step is not necessary on the Connext Weather Data Link Page.
2)
Select the DL LTNG Softkey.
EIS
1)
Flight
Instruments
Displaying Data Link Lightning information
GPS Nav
Displaying SIGMETs and AIRMETs
AFCS
SIGMETs and AIRMETs
The entire SIGMET or AIRMET is displayed as long as any portion of it is occurring
within the coverage area of the Connext data request.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
To display the Data Link Lightning legend on the Connext Weather Data Link Page,
select the LEGEND Softkey when Data Link Lightning is selected for display.
2)
Select the SIG/AIR Softkey.
3)
To view the text of the SIGMET or AIRMET, press the RANGE Knob and move
the Map Pointer over the icon.
4)
Press the ENT key.
METARs and TAFs
Hazard
Avoidance
To display the SIGMET and AIRMET legend, select the LEGEND Softkey when
SIGMETs and AIRMETs are selected for display.
Procedures
Select the Connext Weather Data Link Page.
Flight
Planning
1)
NOTE: METAR information is only displayed within the installed navigation
database service area.
Additional
Features
METAR and TAF text are displayed on the WPT-Weather Information Page. TAF
information is displayed in its raw form when it is available.
Abnormal
Operation
2)
Press the RANGE Knob and pan to the desired airport.
3)
Press the ENT Key. The Weather Information Page is shown with METAR
and TAF text.
4)
Use the FMS Knob or the ENT Key to scroll through the METAR and TAF
text. METAR text must be completely scrolled through before scrolling
through the TAF text.
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
Index
On the Connext Weather Data Link Page, select the METAR Softkey.
Appendix
1)
Annun/
Alerts
Displaying METAR and TAF text
57
Hazard Avoidance
Flight
Instruments
5)
Or:
EIS
1)
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
b) Select the WX Softkey to select the Weather Information Page.
2)
Press the FMS Knob to display the cursor.
3)
Use the FMS Knob to enter the desired airport and press the ENT Key.
4)
Use the FMS Knob or the ENT Key to scroll through the METAR and TAF
text. Note that the METAR text must be completely scrolled through before
scrolling through the TAF text.
To display the METAR legend on the Connext Weather Data Link Page, select the
LEGEND Softkey when METARs are selected for display.
Winds Aloft
Winds Aloft data shows the forecasted wind speed and direction at the surface and
at selected altitudes. Altitude can be displayed in 3,000-foot increments up to 42,000
feet MSL.
Displaying Winds Aloft data
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Select the Weather Information Page.
a) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the Waypoint Page Group.
Abnormal
Operation
Annun/
Alerts
Appendix
Index
Press the FMS Knob or the CLR Key to return to the Connext Weather Data
Link Page.
1)
Select the Connext Weather Data Link Page.
2)
Select the MORE WX Softkey.
3)
Select the WIND Softkey.
4)
Select the desired altitude level: SFC (surface) up to 42,000 feet. Select
the NEXT or PREV Softkey to cycle through the altitude softkeys. The WIND
Softkey label changes to reflect the altitude selected.
To display the Winds Aloft legend, select the LEGEND Softkey when Winds Aloft
is selected for display.
PIREPs
Pilot Weather Reports (PIREPs) describe in-flight weather encountered by pilots.
A PIREP may contain unforecast adverse weather conditions, such as low in-flight
visibility, icing conditions, wind shear, turbulence, and type of aircraft flown. PIREPs
are issued as either Routine (UA) or Urgent (UUA).
58
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Hazard Avoidance
3)
Select the PIREPS Softkey.
4)
Press the RANGE Knob and pan to the desired weather report. A gray
circle will appear around the weather report when it is selected.
5)
Press the ENT Key. The PIREP text is first displayed in a decoded fashion,
then as raw text.
6)
Use the FMS Knob or the ENT Key to scroll through the PIREP text.
7)
Press the FMS Knob or the CLR Key to close the PIREP text window and
return to the Connext Weather Data Link Page.
To display the PIREP or AIREP legend, select the LEGEND Softkey when PIREPs
or AIREPs are selected for display.
Flight
Planning
The PIREP color is determined by the type (routine or urgent).
Index
59
Appendix
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
Annun/
Alerts
The optional GDL 88 receives Flight Information Services - Broadcast (FIS-B)
weather data from a network of UAT ground-based transceivers (GBTs).
FIS-B weather data reception requires the aircraft being within range and line-ofsight of an operating GBT broadcasting FIS-B weather data. Reception may be affected
by factors including altitude or terrain.
Abnormal
Operation
determine the age of the weather information shown by the data link
weather product. Due to time delays inherent in gathering and processing
weather data for data link transmission, the weather information shown
by the data link weather product may be significantly older than the
indicated weather product age.
Additional
Features
WARNING: Do not use the indicated data link weather product age to
Hazard
Avoidance
WARNING: Do not use data link weather information for maneuvering
in, near, or around areas of hazardous weather. Information contained
within data link weather products may not accurately depict current
weather conditions.
Procedures
FIS-B WEATHER
190-01603-00 Rev. B
GPS Nav
Select the MORE WX Softkey.
AFCS
2)
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Select the Connext Weather Data Link Page.
EIS
1)
Flight
Instruments
Displaying PIREP text
Reception of FIS-B weather data occurs automatically without any pilot action. FIS-B
broadcasts provide weather data in a repeating cycle which may take approximately
ten minutes to transmit all available weather data. Therefore, not all available weather
data may be available immediately upon initial FIS-B signal acquisition.
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Hazard Avoidance
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Turn the large FMS Knob to select the Map Page Group.
2)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the Weather Data Link (FIS-B, XM, or
CNXT) Page.
AFCS
3)
If the page title displays a weather data link weather source other than
‘FIS-B’, such as ‘XM’ or ‘CNXT’, proceed to the following steps to change
the data link weather source.
4)
Press the MENU Key.
5)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select ‘Display FIS-B Weather’.
6)
Press the ENT Key. The page title will display ‘MAP - WEATHER DATA LINK
(FIS-B)’ to indicate FIS-B is now the selected data link weather source.
Flight
Planning
1)
GPS Nav
Viewing the Weather Data Link (FIS-B) Page
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Enabling/Disabling FIS-B Weather
1)
Select the Weather Data Link (FIS-B) Page.
2)
Press the MENU Key.
3)
Turn the small FMS Knob to highlight ‘Enable FIS-B Weather’ or ‘Disable
FIS-B Weather’, and press the ENT Key.
FIS-B Weather Product
NEXRAD Composite (US)
NEXRAD Composite
(Regional)
Meteorological Aerodrome
Report
(METARs)
Pilot Weather Report
(PIREPs)
60
Symbol
Expiration Time
(Minutes)
Broadcast Rate
(Minutes)
30
15
30
2.5
90
5
90
10
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Hazard Avoidance
Broadcast Rate
(Minutes)
Winds Aloft
(WIND)
90
10
SIGMETs/AIRMETs
(SIG/AIR)
60
5
no product image
30
2.5
no product image
60
10
AFCS
10
GPS Nav
no product image
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Terminal Aerodrome
Forecast
Temporary Flight
Restriction (TFR)
EIS
No Radar Coverage
Symbol
Flight
Instruments
Expiration Time
(Minutes)
FIS-B Weather Product
Weather Product Symbols and Data Timing
Flight
Planning
Setting Up and Customizing the Weather Data Link (FIS-B) Page
Select the Weather Data Link (FIS-B) Page.
2)
Press the MENU Key.
3)
With ‘Weather Setup’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
4)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select ‘Product Group 1’, and press the ENT
Key.
5)
Turn the large FMS Knob or press the ENT Key to scroll through product
selections.
6)
Turn the small FMS Knob to scroll through options for each product (ON/
OFF, range settings, etc.).
7)
Press the ENT Key to select an option.
8)
Press the FMS Knob or CLR Key to return to the Weather Data Link (FIS-B)
Page with the changed settings.
Procedures
1)
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
Abnormal
Operation
2)
Press the MENU Key.
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
Index
Select the Navigation Map Page.
Appendix
1)
Annun/
Alerts
Setting Up and Customizing FIS-B Weather on the Navigation Map
Page
61
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Hazard Avoidance
3)
With ‘Map Setup’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
4)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the ‘Weather’ Group and press the ENT
Key.
5)
Turn the large FMS Knob or press the ENT Key to scroll through product
selections.
6)
Turn the small FMS Knob to scroll through options for each product (ON/
OFF, range settings).
7)
Press the ENT Key to select an option.
8)
Press the FMS Knob or CLR Key to return to the Navigation Map Page with
the changed settings.
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
Displaying/Removing the Weather Product Information Box on the PFD
Inset Map
1)
On the PFD, press the INSET Softkey.
2)
Press the WX LGND Softkey.
3)
To remove the weather product information box, press the WX LGND
Softkey again.
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Viewing Legends for Displayed Weather Products on the Weather Data
Link (FIS-B) Page
1)
Select the Weather Data Link (FIS-B) Page.
2)
Press the LEGEND Softkey to display the legends for the displayed weather
products.
Or:
Abnormal
Operation
a) Press the MENU Key.
b) Select ‘Weather Legend’ and press the ENT Key.
Annun/
Alerts
3)
To remove the Legend Window, press the LEGEND Softkey, the ENT or the
CLR Key, or press the FMS Knob.
Index
Appendix
Viewing Legends for Displayed Weather Products on the Navigation
Map Page
62
1)
Select the Navigation Map Page.
2)
Press the MAP Softkey.
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Hazard Avoidance
Press the LEGEND Softkey (available if one or more FIS-B weather products
are enabled for display).
4)
To remove the Legend Window, press the LEGEND Softkey, the ENT or the
CLR Key, or press the FMS Knob.
EIS
Displaying NEXRAD Data
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Press the MAP Softkey (for the PFD Inset Map, press the INSET Softkey).
This step is not necessary on the Weather Data Link (FIS-B) Page.
2)
Press the NEXRAD-C Softkey. This softkey becomes the US Softkey. A
mosaic of NEXRAD data for the continental United States (CONUS) is
displayed.
3)
To display the regional version of the NEXRAD weather product, press the
US Softkey. Softkey becomes the RGNL Softkey.
4)
To remove the NEXRAD weather product, press the RGNL Softkey. Softkey
becomes the NEXRAD-C Softkey.
AFCS
1)
GPS Nav
3)
To view the text of the SIGMET or AIRMET, press the Joystick and move
the Map Pointer over the icon.
4)
Press the ENT key.
Additional
Features
Press the SIG/AIR Softkey.
Hazard
Avoidance
2)
Procedures
Select the Weather Data Link (FIS-B) Page.
Displaying METAR and TAF Text
3)
Press the ENT Key. The Weather Information Page is shown with METAR
and TAF text.
4)
Use the FMS Knob or the ENT Key to scroll through the METAR and TAF
text. METAR text must be completely scrolled through before scrolling
through the TAF text.
5)
Press the FMS Knob or the CLR Key to return to the Weather Data Link
(FIS-B) Page.
Index
Press the Joystick and pan to the desired airport.
Appendix
2)
Annun/
Alerts
On the Weather Data Link (FIS-B) Page, press the METAR Softkey.
Abnormal
Operation
1)
Or:
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
Flight
Planning
Displaying SIGMETs and AIRMETs
1)
Flight
Instruments
3)
63
Hazard Avoidance
Flight
Instruments
1)
Select the Weather Information Page.
a) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the Waypoint Page Group.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
b) Press the WX Softkey to select the Weather Information Page.
2)
Press the FMS Knob to display the cursor.
3)
Use the FMS Knob to enter the desired airport and press the ENT Key.
4)
Use the FMS Knob or the ENT Key to scroll through the METAR and TAF
text. Note that the METAR text must be completely scrolled through before
scrolling through the TAF text.
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Displaying Raw METAR Text on the Active Flight Plan Page
1)
Select the Active Flight Plan Page on the MFD.
2)
Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
3)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the desired waypoint. The METAR
text will appear in the ‘SELECTED WAYPOINT WEATHER’ window below.
4)
When finished, press the FMS Knob to remove the cursor or press the FPL
Key to exit the Active Flight Plan Page.
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Displaying Winds Aloft Information
1)
Select the Weather Data Link (FIS-B) Page.
2)
Press the MORE WX Softkey.
3)
Press the WIND OFF Softkey.
4)
Press the softkey for the desired altitude. Press the NEXT or PREV Softkey
to cycle through the altitude softkeys. The WIND Softkey label changes to
reflect the altitude selected.
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Enabling/Disabling Predicted Temperatures with Winds Aloft Data
64
1)
Select the Weather Data Link (FIS-B) Page.
2)
Press the MENU Key.
3)
Turn the small FMS Knob to highlight ‘Weather Setup’ and press the ENT
Key.
4)
Turn the small FMS Knob to highlight ‘PRODUCT GROUP 1’ and press the
ENT Key.
5)
Turn the small FMS Knob to highlight the Temp (•) ‘ON’ or ‘OFF’ field, then
press the ENT Key.
6)
When finished, push the FMS Knob or the CLR Key.
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Hazard Avoidance
Flight
Instruments
Displaying PIREP Text
Select the Weather Data Link (FIS-B) Page.
2)
Press the MORE WX Softkey.
3)
Press the PIREPS Softkey.
4)
Press the Joystick and pan to the desired weather report. A gray circle will
appear around the weather report when it is selected.
5)
Press the ENT Key. The PIREP text is first displayed in a decoded fashion,
followed by the original text. Note the original text may contain additional
information not shown in the decoded version.
6)
Use the FMS Knob or the ENT Key to scroll through the PIREP text.
7)
Press the FMS Knob or the CLR Key to close the PIREP text window and
return to the Weather Data Link (FIS-B) Page.
EIS
1)
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
AFCS
GPS Nav
Displaying TFR Data
Press the Joystick and pan the map pointer over a TFR to highlight it. The
system displays TFR summary information above the map.
3)
Press the ENT Key. The system displays a pop-up menu.
4)
If necessary, turn the FMS Knob to select ‘Review Airspaces’ and press the
ENT Key. The system displays the INFORMATION window.
5)
Press the FMS Knob or the CLR Key to remove the INFORMATION window.
Additional
Features
Viewing FIS-B Weather Status
Turn the large FMS Knob to select the AUX Page Group.
2)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the AUX - ADS-B Status Page.
Appendix
Status Message
Description
ENABLED
The FIS-B weather feature is enabled to
process and display FIS-B weather products.
DISABLED
The FIS-B weather feature is disabled.
---------------No data received from the GDL 88 UAT.
Annun/
Alerts
ADS-B Status Page Item
FIS-B Weather Status:
FIS-B Processing
Abnormal
Operation
1)
Hazard
Avoidance
2)
Procedures
Select the Weather Data Link (XM) Page or Navigation Map Page.
Flight
Planning
1)
Index
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
65
ADS-B Status Page Item Status Message
Description
Weather Products:
AVAILABLE
FIS-B weather data is available for display
for the weather product.
AIRMET
CONUS NEXRAD
NOT AVAILABLE FIS-B weather data is not available for the
METAR
weather product, and/or the system is not
METAR GRAPHICAL
receiving the FIS-B weather service.
NOTAM/TFR
AWAITING DATA The system is receiving the FIS-B weather
service, and is waiting to receive the
PIREP
weather product from the FIS-B data
REGIONAL NEXRAD
broadcast.
SIGMET
TAF
WINDS/TEMPS ALOFT
AUX-ADS-B Status Page Messages for FIS-B Weather
TRAFFIC SYSTEMS
Traffic Information Service (TIS) receives traffic information from ground stations,
and is updated every 5 seconds. The system displays up to eight traffic targets within
a 7.5-nm radius, from 3000 feet below to 3500 feet above the requesting aircraft.
The optional Garmin GTS 825 is a Traffic Advisory System (TAS). The optional
Garmin GTS 855 is a Traffic Alert and Collision Avoidance System I (TCAS I). These
systems display traffic information for transponder-equipped aircraft. The system
also provides visual annunciations and voice traffic alerts to assist the pilot in visually
acquiring traffic.
The optional Garmin GDL 88 is a dual-link Universal Access Transceiver (UAT).
It sends and receives Automatic Dependent Surveillance-Broadcast (ADS-B) traffic
information on the 978 MHz UAT frequency. The system provides visual annunciations
and voice traffic alerts to help the pilot visually acquire potentially conflicting traffic.
Traffic Symbol
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Hazard Avoidance
Description
Traffic Advisory with directional information. Points in the direction of the
intruder aircraft track. Available only with the GDL 88.
Index
Traffic Advisory with directional information. Points in the direction of the
intruder aircraft track.
66
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Hazard Avoidance
Description
Traffic Advisory without directional information.
Flight
Instruments
Traffic Symbol
EIS
Traffic Advisory out of the selected display range. Displayed at outer
range ring at proper bearing.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Proximity Advisory with directional information. Points in the direction of
the aircraft track.
AFCS
Proximity Advisory without directional information.
GPS Nav
Non-threat traffic with directional information. Points in the direction of
the intruder aircraft track.
Non-threat traffic without directional information.
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
Abnormal
Operation
Annun/
Alerts
Traffic Information Service (TIS)
67
Index
NOTE: Traffic Information Service (TIS) is only available when the aircraft is
within the service volume of a TIS capable terminal radar site.
Appendix
NOTE: If the G950 is configured to use an optional Traffic Advisory System
(TAS), TIS is not available for use.
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
Procedures
Traffic Symbol Description
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Flight
Planning
Traffic located on the ground with directional information. Points in the
direction of the aircraft track. Ground traffic is only displayed when ADS-B
is in Surface (SURF) Mode or own aircraft is on the ground. Available only
with the GDL 88.
Ground traffic without directional information. Ground traffic is only
displayed when ADS-B is in Surface (SURF) Mode or own aircraft is on the
ground. Available only with the GDL 88.
Non-aircraft ground traffic. Ground traffic is only displayed when ADS-B
is in Surface (SURF) Mode or own aircraft is on the ground. Available only
with the GDL 88.
Hazard Avoidance
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Displaying Traffic on the Traffic Map Page
1)
Turn the large FMS Knob to select the Map Page Group.
2)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the Traffic Map Page.
3)
Select the OPERATE Softkey to begin displaying traffic. ‘OPERATING’ is
displayed in the Traffic Mode field.
4)
Select the STANDBY Softkey to place the system in the Standby Mode.
‘STANDBY’ is displayed in the Traffic Mode field.
5)
Rotate the Joystick clockwise to display a larger area or rotate counterclockwise to display a smaller area.
6)
Select the TNA MUTE Softkey to mute the “Traffic Not Available” aural alert.
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
Displaying Traffic on the Navigation Map
1)
Ensure TIS is operating. With the Navigation Map displayed, select the
MAP Softkey.
2)
Select the TRAFFIC Softkey. Traffic is now displayed on the map.
Procedures
TAS and TCAS I System (Optional)
1)
Set the range to 2/6 nm.
2)
Select the STANDBY Softkey.
3)
Select the TEST Softkey.
4)
Self test takes approximately eight seconds to complete. When completed
successfully, traffic symbols are displayed and a voice alert “TAS System Test
OK” is heard. If the self test fails, the system reverts to Standby Mode and
a voice alert “TAS System Test Fail” is heard.
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
System Self Test
1)
Turn the large FMS Knob to select the Map Page Group.
2)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the second rectangular page icon.
3)
Select the NORMAL Softkey to begin displaying traffic. ‘OPERATING’ is
displayed in the Traffic Mode field.
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Displaying Traffic on the Traffic Map Page
68
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Hazard Avoidance
6)
Rotate the Joystick clockwise to display a larger area or rotate counterclockwise to display a smaller area.
7)
Select the FLT ID Softkey (GTS 820 only) to enable or disable Flight ID
displayed with the intruder information.
AFCS
Select the STANDBY Softkey to place the system in the Standby Mode.
‘STANDBY’ is displayed in the Traffic Mode field.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
5)
EIS
Select the ALT MODE Softkey to change the altitude volume. Select the
desired altitude volume by selecting the BELOW, NORMAL, ABOVE, or
UNREST (unrestricted) Softkey. The selection is displayed in the Altitude
Mode field.
Flight
Instruments
4)
Displaying Traffic on the Navigation Map
2)
With the Navigation Map displayed, select the MAP Softkey.
3)
Select the TRAFFIC Softkey. Traffic is now displayed on the map.
Flight
Planning
Ensure TAS is operating.
GPS Nav
1)
Procedures
ADS-B Traffic
Enabling/Disabling the Display of ADS-B Traffic
Select the Traffic Map Page.
2)
Press the ADS-B Softkey.
Hazard
Avoidance
1)
If necessary, turn the Joystick to select a map range of 2 and 6 nm to
ensure full test pattern display.
2)
Ensure the the ADS-B Softkey is disabled.
3)
If the optional TAS/TCAS I is installed, ensure the TAS STBY Softkey is
enabled.
4)
Press the Test Softkey.
Appendix
2)
Annun/
Alerts
Select the Traffic Map Page.
Abnormal
Operation
1)
Additional
Features
Testing ADS-B Traffic
Enabling/Disabling the Display of Flight IDs
Select the Traffic Map Page.
2)
Press the FLT ID Softkey to enable/disable the display of Flight IDs.
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
Index
1)
69
Hazard Avoidance
1)
On the Traffic Map Page, select the ALT MODE Softkey.
2)
Press one of the following Softkeys:
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Changing the Altitude Range
3)
•
ABOVE: Displays non-threat and proximity traffic from 9000 feet above
the aircraft to 2700 feet below the aircraft. Typically used during climb
phase of flight.
•
NORMAL: Displays non-threat and proximity traffic from 2700 feet
above the aircraft to 2700 feet below the aircraft. Typically used during
enroute phase of flight.
•
BELOW: Displays non-threat and proximity traffic from 2700 feet
above the aircraft to 9000 feet below the aircraft. Typically used during
descent phase of flight.
•
UNREST (unrestricted): All traffic is displayed from 9900 feet above
and 9900 feet below the aircraft.
To return to the Traffic Map Page, press the BACK Softkey.
1)
Select the Traffic Map Page.
2)
Press the MOTION Softkey.
3)
Press one of the following softkeys:
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Enabling/Disabling the Motion Vector Display
•
ABS: Displays the motion vector pointing in the absolute direction.
•
REL: Displays the motion vector relative to own aircraft
•
OFF: Disables the display of the motion vector.
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Adjusting the Duration for the Motion Vector Projected Time
1)
Select the Traffic Map Page.
2)
Press the MOTION Softkey.
3)
Press the DURATION Softkey.
4)
Press a softkey for the desired duration (30 SEC, 1 MIN, 2 MIN, 5 MIN).
5)
When finished, press the BACK Softkey to return to the Traffic Map Page.
Index
Showing Additional Traffic Information
70
1)
Select the Traffic Map Page.
2)
Press the FMS Knob. A cyan bracket highlights the first selected traffic
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Hazard Avoidance
4)
When finished, press the FMS Knob again to remove the cyan selection
bracket.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
To select a different aircraft symbol, turn the FMS Knob to move the cyan
bracket until the selected aircraft traffic symbol is highlighted.
EIS
3)
Flight
Instruments
symbol. Additional information appears in a window in the upper-right
corner of the Traffic Map Page.
Viewing ADS-B Traffic Status
Turn the large FMS Knob to select the AUX Page Group.
2)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the AUX - ADS-B Status Page.
AVAILABLE TO
RUN
NOT AVAILABLE
FAULT
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
71
Index
---------------
Appendix
NOT AVAILABLE
Annun/
Alerts
TIS-B/ADS-R Coverage
---------------AVAILABLE
Abnormal
Operation
NOT CONFIGURED
Additional
Features
Traffic application is currently on. Required input data is available, and it meets performance
requirements.
Traffic application is not currently active, but
application is ready to run when condition(s)
determine the application should be active.
Required input data is available, and it meets
performance requirements.
Traffic application is not available. Required
input data is available, but it does not meet
performance requirements.
Traffic application is not available. Required
input data is not available or the application
has failed.
Traffic application is not available, because it
has not been configured. If this annunciation
persists, the system should be serviced.
Traffic application status is invalid or unknown.
The system is receiving the ADS-R coverage
from an FAA ground station.
The system is not receiving the ADS-R coverage
from an FAA ground station.
ADS-R coverage is invalid or unknown.
Hazard
Avoidance
ON
Procedures
Description
Flight
Planning
Status Message
GPS Nav
ADS-B Status Page
Item
Traffic Application
Status: AIRBORNE
(AIRB), SURFACE
(SURF), AIRBORNE
ALERTS (CSA)
AFCS
1)
ADS-B Status Page
Status Message
Description
Item
GPS Status: GPS Source
External #1
The GDL 88 is using the #1 GPS receiver for
the GPS position source.
External #2
The GDL 88 is using the #2 GPS receiver for
the GPS position source.
--------The GPS source is invalid or unknown.
Ground Uplink Status:
Number of min- Displays the number of minutes since the
Last uplink
utes, or ‘------’ last uplink from a ground station occurred. If
no uplink has been received, or the status is
invalid, dashes appear instead of a number of
minutes.
AUX-ADS-B Status Page Messages for ADS-B Traffic
TERRAIN AND OBSTACLE PROXIMITY
NOTE: Terrain data is not displayed when the aircraft latitude is greater than
75 degrees north or 60 degrees south.
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Hazard Avoidance
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Displaying Terrain and Obstacles on the Terrain Proximity Page
72
1)
Turn the large FMS Knob to select the Map Page Group.
2)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the last rectangular page icon.
3)
If desired, select the VIEW Softkey to access the ARC and 360 Softkeys.
When the ARC Softkey is selected, a radar-like 120° view is displayed.
Select the 360 Softkey to return to the 360° default display.
4)
Rotate the Joystick clockwise to display a larger area or rotate counterclockwise to display a smaller area.
Color
Terrain/Obstacle Location
Red
Terrain/Obstacle above or within 100’
below current aircraft altitude.
Yellow
Terrain/Obstacle between 100’ and
1000’ below current aircraft altitude.
Black
Terrain/Obstacle is more than 1000’
below aircraft altitude.
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Hazard Avoidance
With the Navigation Map displayed, select the MAP Softkey.
2)
Select the TERRAIN Softkey. Terrain and obstacle proximity will now be
displayed on the map.
EIS
1)
Flight
Instruments
Displaying Terrain and Obstacles on the Navigation Map
NOTE: Terrain-SVT is only available when the Synthetic Vision Technology
(SVT) option is installed and the TAWS option has not been installed.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
TERRAIN-SVT
AFCS
Display Terrain on the TERRAIN-SVT Page
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the Terrain-SVT Page.
3)
If desired, select the VIEW Softkey to access the ARC and 360 softkeys.
When the ARC Softkey is selected, a radar-like 120° view is displayed.
Select the 360 Softkey to return to the 360° default display.
4)
Rotate the Joystick clockwise to display a larger area or rotate counterclockwise to display a smaller area.
Terrain/Obstacle above or within 100’
below current aircraft altitude.
Yellow
Terrain/Obstacle between 100’ and
1000’ below current aircraft altitude.
Black
Terrain/Obstacle is more than 1000’
below aircraft altitude.
Annun/
Alerts
Red
Abnormal
Operation
Terrain/Obstacle Location
Additional
Features
Color
Hazard
Avoidance
2)
Procedures
Turn the large FMS Knob to select the Map Page Group.
Flight
Planning
1)
2)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select “Show (or Hide) Aviation Data”.
3)
Press the ENT Key.
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
Index
While the Terrain-SVT Page is displayed, press the MENU Key.
Appendix
Enable/Disable Aviation Data
1)
GPS Nav
NOTE: Terrain data is not displayed when the aircraft latitude is greater than
75 degrees north or 60 degrees south.
73
Hazard Avoidance
Flight
Instruments
Terrain-SVT Inhibit
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Inhibit Terrain
While the Terrain-SVT Page is displayed, select the INHIBIT Softkey.
Or:
1) Press the MENU Key.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to select ‘Inhibit Terrain’.
3) Press the ENT Key.
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Enable Terrain
While the Terrain-SVT Page is displayed, select the INHIBIT Softkey.
Or:
1) While the Terrain-SVT Page is displayed, press the MENU Key.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to select ‘Enable Terrain’.
3) Press the ENT Key.
TERRAIN AWARENESS & WARNING SYSTEM (TAWS-B) DISPLAY
WARNING: The TAWS-B display shows supplemental information only. It
should not be used for navigation.
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
NOTE: If Terrain-SVT alerts are inhibited when the Final Approach Fix is the
active waypoint in a GPS SBAS approach, a LOW ALT annunciation may appear
on the PFD next to the altimeter if the current aircraft altitude is at least 164
feet below the prescribed altitude at the Final Approach Fix.
Annun/
Alerts
NOTE: Terrain data is not displayed when the aircraft latitude is greater than
75 degrees north or 60 degrees south.
Appendix
NOTE: TAWS operation is only available when the G950 is configured for a
TAWS-B installation.
Index
Manual System Test
74
1)
While the TAWS-B Page is displayed, press the MENU Key.
2)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select ‘Test TAWS’.
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Hazard Avoidance
Press the ENT Key. During the test ‘TAWS TEST’ is displayed in the center
of the TAWS-B Page.
Flight
Instruments
3)
When all is in working order, “TAWS System Test, OK” is heard.
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the TAWS-B Page.
3)
If desired, select the VIEW Softkey to access the ARC and 360 softkeys.
When the ARC Softkey is selected, a radar-like 120° view is displayed.
Select the 360 Softkey to return to the 360° default display.
4)
Rotate the Joystick clockwise to display a larger area or rotate counterclockwise to display a smaller area.
Terrain/Obstacle above or within 100’
below current aircraft altitude.
Yellow
Terrain/Obstacle between 100’ and
1000’ below current aircraft altitude.
Black
Terrain/Obstacle is more than 1000’
below aircraft altitude.
Hazard
Avoidance
Red
Procedures
Terrain/Obstacle Location
Flight
Planning
Color
GPS Nav
2)
AFCS
Turn the large FMS Knob to select the Map Page Group.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
1)
EIS
Display Terrain on the TAWS-B Page
Enable/Disable Aviation Data
2)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select “Show (or Hide) Aviation Data”.
3)
Press the ENT Key.
Abnormal
Operation
While the TAWS-B Page is displayed, press the MENU Key.
Additional
Features
1)
TAWS Inhibit
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
Index
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Appendix
Inhibit TAWS
While the TAWS-B Page is displayed, select the INHIBIT Softkey.
Or:
Annun/
Alerts
NOTE: If TAWS alerts are inhibited when the Final Approach Fix is the active
waypoint in a GPS SBAS approach, a LOW ALT annunciation may appear on
the PFD next to the altimeter if the current aircraft altitude is at least 164
feet below the prescribed altitude at the Final Approach Fix.
75
Flight
Instruments
Hazard Avoidance
Press the MENU Key.
2)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select ‘Inhibit TAWS’.
3)
Press the ENT Key.
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Enable TAWS
While the TAWS-B Page is displayed, select the INHIBIT Softkey.
Or:
1) While the TAWS-B Page is displayed, press the MENU Key.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to select ‘Enable TAWS’.
3) Press the ENT Key.
AIRBORNE COLOR WEATHER RADAR
WARNING: Begin transmitting only when it is safe to do so. When transmitting while the aircraft is on the ground, no personnel or objects should be
within 9.16 feet of the antenna.
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
1)
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
CAUTION: In Standby mode, the antenna is parked at the center line. It
is always a good idea to put the radar in Standby mode before taxiing the
aircraft to prevent the antenna from bouncing on the bottom stop and possibly causing damage to the radar assembly.
Weather Mode Color
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Black
Green
Yellow
Red
Magenta
Approximate
Precipitation Rate (in/hr.)
< 23 dBZ
< .01.
23 dBZ to < 32 dBZ
.01 - 0.1.
32 dBZ to < 41 dBZ
0.1 - 0.5
41 dBZ to < 50 dBZ
0.5 - 2
50 dBZ and greater
>2
Intensity
Appendix
Precipitation Intensity Levels
Index
Displaying Weather on the Weather Radar Page
76
1)
Turn the large FMS Knob to select the Map Page Group.
2)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the Weather Radar Page.
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Hazard Avoidance
4)
If the aircraft is on the ground, select the STANDBY Softkey to initiate the
one minute warm-up period. After the warm-up is complete, the radar will
enter the Standby Mode. After the aircraft is airborne, select the WEATHER
Softkey.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Or:
If the aircraft is already airborne, select the WEATHER or GROUND
Softkey. The one-minute warm-up period will be initiated, after which the
radar will begin transmitting. The horizontal scan is initially displayed.
Turn the Joystick to select the desired range.
6)
If desired, select the VERTICAL Softkey for vertical scanning.
AFCS
5)
EIS
Select the MODE Softkey.
Flight
Instruments
3)
GPS Nav
1)
Select the Navigation Map Page.
2)
Press the MAP Softkey.
Flight
Planning
3)
Press the WX RADAR Softkey.
Press the MENU Key
2)
Turn the large FMS Knob to select ‘Show Tilt Line’.
3)
Press the ENT Key.
Abnormal
Operation
1)
Annun/
Alerts
Adjusting Antenna Tilt on the Horizontal Scan Display
Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor in the TILT field.
2)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the desired antenna tilt angle.
Appendix
1)
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
Index
3) Press the FMS Knob to remove the cursor.
The Joystick can also be used to adjust tilt up and down.
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Additional
Features
Display the Tilt Line
Hazard
Avoidance
Adjusting Antenna Tilt
Move the Joystick up or down to adjust the tilt of the antenna up or down.
Monitor the displayed tilt value in the TILT field.
When scanning vertically, a Tilt Line may be displayed to aid in positioning the tilt
of the antenna. If the Tilt Line is not displayed, perform the following steps:
Procedures
Enabling/Disabling Airborne Weather Radar Overlay on the Navigation
Map Page
77
Hazard Avoidance
Flight
Instruments
Adjusting Antenna Tilt on the Vertical Scan Display
1)
EIS
If the Tilt Line is not displayed, press the MENU Key and turn the large
FMS Knob to select Show Tilt Line. Press the ENT Key.
2)
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Turn the small FMS Knob to adjust the antenna tilt angle. The selected tilt
angle is implemented when Horizontal Scan is again selected.
The Joystick can also be used to adjust tilt.
AFCS
Vertical Scanning
Move the Joystick right or left to adjust the azimuth position of the antenna right
or left. Monitor the displayed bearing value in the BEARING field.
When scanning horizontally, a Bearing Line may be displayed to aid in positioning
the antenna for the vertical scan.
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
Press the TILT Softkey to activate the cursor in the TILT field and display the
Tilt Line.
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Display the Bearing Line
1)
Press the MENU Key
2)
Turn the large FMS Knob to select ‘Show Bearing Line’.
3)
Press the ENT Key.
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Vertically Scan a Storm Cell
78
1)
While in the Horizontal Scan view, press the BRG Softkey. This places the
cursor in the BEARING field and displays the Bearing Line.
2)
Press the ENT Key.
3)
Turn the small FMS Knob to place the Bearing Line on the desired storm
cell or other area to be vertically scanned.
4)
Press the VERTICAL Softkey. A vertical slice of the selected area is
displayed.
5)
The small FMS Knob may be used to move the scanned slice a few degrees
right or left.
6)
Turn the Joystick to adjust the range.
7)
Press the FMS Knob to remove the cursor.
8)
To select a new area to be vertically scanned, press the HORIZON Softkey
to return to the Horizontal Scan view and repeat the previous steps.
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Hazard Avoidance
Turn the small FMS Knob to adjust the gain for the desirable level. The gain
setting is visible in the GAIN field as a movable horizontal bar in a flashing
box. The line pointer is a reference depicting the calibrated position.
3)
Press the FMS Knob to remove the cursor.
4)
Press the GAIN Softkey again to recalibrate the gain. CALIBRATED is
displayed in the GAIN field.
GPS Nav
2)
Press the ENT Key.
3)
Turn the small FMS Knob to place the Bearing Line in the desired position.
The location of the Bearing Line becomes the center point of the Sector Scan.
4)
Turn the large FMS Knob to place the cursor in the SECTOR SCAN field.
5)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select FULL, 60˚, 40˚, or 20˚ scan.
6)
If desired, readjust the Bearing Line as discussed previously to change the
center of the Sector Scan.
7)
Press the BRG Softkey again to remove the Bearing Line and cursor. The
bearing reference resets to 0º.
Additional
Features
2)
Abnormal
Operation
Annun/
Alerts
Antenna Stabilization
Press the STAB ON Softkey to activate antenna stabilization or press the
STAB OFF Softkey to deactivate. The current stabilization condition is
shown in the upper right of the weather radar display.
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
Index
2)
Appendix
To activate or deactivate the antenna stabilization, press the MODE
Softkey.
Hazard
Avoidance
While in horizontal scan mode, press the BRG Softkey to display the
Bearing Line and place the cursor in the BEARING field. If the Bearing Line
is not displayed, press the MENU Key and turn the large FMS Knob to
select Show Bearing Line.
Procedures
1)
Flight
Planning
Sector Scan
1)
AFCS
Press the GAIN Softkey to activate the cursor in the GAIN field.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
1)
EIS
WARNING: Changing the gain in Weather Mode will cause precipitation
intensity to be displayed as a color not representative of the true intensity.
Remember to return the gain setting to ‘Calibrated’ for viewing the actual
intensity of precipitation.
Flight
Instruments
Adjusting Gain
79
Weather Attenuated Color Highlight (WATCH®)
To activate or deactivate the WATCH® feature, select the WATCH Softkey. This
feature is only available in the Horizontal Scan Mode.
Weather Alert
To activate or deactivate Weather Alert, select the WX ALRT Softkey. Activating
and deactivating will also enable or inhibit the alert on the PFD.
Automatic Standby
When the weather radar system is in the Weather or Ground Map Mode, upon
landing the system will automatically switch to Standby Mode.
Ground Mapping
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Hazard Avoidance
1)
Press the MODE Softkey.
2)
Press the GROUND Softkey to place the radar in Ground Map mode.
3)
Press the BACK Softkey.
4)
Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
5)
Turn the large FMS Knob to place the cursor in the TILT field.
6)
Adjust the antenna tilt angle by turning the small FMS Knob to display
ground returns at the desired distance.
7)
Press the FMS Knob to remove the cursor.
Ground Map
Mode Color
Abnormal
Operation
Black
Light blue
Annun/
Alerts
Yellow
Magenta
Blue
Intensity
0 dB
> 0 dB to < 9 dB
9 dB to < 18 dB
18 dB to < 27 dB
27 dB and greater
Index
Appendix
Ground Target Return Intensity Levels
80
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Additional Features
Flight
Instruments
ADDITIONAL FEATURES
SYNTHETIC VISION (OPTIONAL)
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
Abnormal
Operation
3)
Press the SYN TERR Softkey.
4)
Press the BACK Softkey to return to the previous page.
Appendix
Press the SYN VIS Softkey.
Annun/
Alerts
2)
Procedures
Press the PFD Softkey.
Flight
Planning
Displaying Synthetic Terrain
1)
GPS Nav
Pathways
Flight Path Marker
Horizon Heading Marks
Terrain and Obstacle Alerting
Three-dimensional Traffic
Airport Signs
Runway Display
AFCS
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Synthetic Vision Technology (SVT) functionality is offered as an optional
enhancement to the G950® Integrated Flight Deck.
SVT is primarily comprised of a computer-generated forward-looking, attitude
aligned view of the topography immediately in front of the aircraft from the pilot’s
perspective. SVT information is shown on the primary flight display (PFD).
SVT offers a three-dimensional view of terrain and obstacles. Terrain and
obstacles that pose a threat to the aircraft in flight are shaded yellow or red.
In addition to SVT enhancement to the PFD, the following feature enhancements
have been added to the PFD:
EIS
WARNING: Use appropriate primary systems for navigation, and for terrain,
obstacle, and traffic avoidance. SVT is intended as an aid to situational
awareness only and may not provide either the accuracy or reliability upon
which to solely base decisions and/or plan maneuvers to avoid terrain,
obstacles, or traffic.
Index
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
81
Additional Features
Flight
Instruments
Displaying Pathways
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
NOTE: When the optional TCAS II system issues a Resolution Advisory (RA)
Pathways are automatically removed from the display. Pathways may again
be displayed by the pilot manually selecting Pathways.
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
NOTE: Pathways are not available when the cross-pointer (X-Pointer) flight
director format is selected.
Press the PFD Softkey.
2)
Press the SYN VIS Softkey.
3)
If not already enabled, press the SYN TERR Softkey.
4)
Press the PATHWAY Softkey.
5)
Press the BACK Softkey to return to the previous page.
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Displaying Heading on the Horizon
1)
Press the PFD Softkey.
2)
Press the SYN VIS Softkey.
3)
If not already enabled, press the SYN TERR Softkey.
4)
Press the HRZN HDG Softkey.
5)
Press the BACK Softkey to return to the previous page.
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Displaying Airport Signs
1)
Press the PFD Softkey.
2)
Press the SYN VIS Softkey.
3)
If not already enabled, press the SYN TERR Softkey.
4)
Press the APTSIGNS Softkey.
5)
Press the BACK Softkey to return to the previous page.
TERMINAL PROCEDURE CHARTS
NOTE: With the availability of SafeTaxi®, ChartView, or FliteCharts®, it may
be necessary to carry another source of charts on-board the aircraft.
Index
Appendix
1)
82
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Additional Features
Additional
Features
Abnormal
Operation
Annun/
Alerts
Appendix
Index
83
Hazard
Avoidance
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
Procedures
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Flight
Planning
FliteCharts® resemble the paper version of AeroNav Services terminal procedures
charts. The charts are displayed with high-resolution and in color for applicable
charts. The MFD depiction shows the aircraft position on the moving map in the plan
view of most approach charts and on airport diagrams.
The FliteCharts database contains procedure charts for the United States only.
This database is updated on a 28-day cycle. If not updated within 180 days of the
expiration date, FliteCharts will no longer function.
GPS Nav
FliteCharts® (Optional)
AFCS
ChartView resembles the paper version of Jeppesen terminal procedures charts.
The charts are displayed in full color with high-resolution. The MFD depiction shows
the aircraft position on the moving map in the plan view of most approach charts and
on airport diagrams.
The ChartView database is updated on a 14-day cycle. If the ChartView database
is not updated within 70 days of the expiration date, ChartView will no longer
function.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
ChartView (Optional)
EIS
SafeTaxi® is an enhanced feature that gives greater map detail as the map range
is adjusted in on the airport. The airport display on the map reveals runways with
numbers, taxiways identifiers, and airport landmarks including ramps, buildings,
control towers, and other prominent features. Resolution is greater at lower map
ranges. The aircraft symbol provides situational awareness while taxiing.
Selecting the DCLTR Softkey (declutter) once removes the taxiway markings and
airport identification labels. Selecting the DCLTR Softkey twice removes VOR station
ID, the VOR symbol, and intersection names if within the airport plan view. Selecting
the DCLTR Softkey a third time removes the airport runway layout, unless the airport
in view is part of an active route structure. Selecting the DCLTR Softkey again cycles
back to the original map detail.
The SafeTaxi database contains detailed airport diagrams for selected airports.
These diagrams provide the pilot with situational awareness by displaying the aircraft
position in relation to taxiways, ramps, runways, terminals, and services. This
information should not be used by the pilot as the basis for maneuvering the aircraft
on the ground. This database is updated on a 56-day cycle.
Flight
Instruments
SafeTaxi®
Additional Features
Flight
Instruments
View Charts from the Navigation Map Page
1)
Select the SHW CHRT Softkey when displayed.
Or:
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Move the map pointer to point to a desired point on the map and select the
SHW CHRT Softkey.
2)
Select the DP, STAR, APR, WX, and NOTAM softkeys to access charts for
departures, arrivals, approaches, weather and NOTAMs. Note that NOTAMS
are only available with ChartView.
3)
Select the GO BACK Softkey to return to the previous page.
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
View Charts from the Active Flight Plan Page
1)
While viewing the Active Flight Plan Page, press the FMS Knob to activate
the cursor.
2)
Turn the large FMS Knob to select the departure airport, destination
airport, departure, arrival, or approach.
3)
Select the SHW CHRT Softkey. The appropriate chart will be displayed, if
available for the item selected.
4)
Select the GO BACK Softkey to return to the previous page.
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Change Day/Night View
84
1)
While viewing a chart press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu
OPTIONS.
2)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the ‘Chart Setup’ Menu Option and
press the ENT Key.
3)
Turn the large FMS Knob to move between the ‘FULL SCREEN’ and ‘COLOR
SCHEME’ Options.
4)
Turn the small FMS Knob to choose between the ‘On’ and ‘Off’ Full Screen
Options.
5)
Turn the small FMS Knob to choose between ‘Day’, ‘Auto’, and ‘Night’
Options.
6)
In Auto Mode, turn the large FMS Knob to select the percentage field and
change percentage with the small FMS Knob. The percentage of change is
the day/night crossover point based on backlighting intensity.
7)
Press the FMS Knob when finished to remove the Chart Setup Menu.
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Additional Features
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
View Airport Directory Information
AFCS
While viewing the WPT-Airport Information Page, if necessary, select the
INFO-1 Softkey to change the softkey label to display INFO-2. Airport
Directory information is displayed on the right half of the display.
Registering With Garmin Connext
Turn the small FMS Knob to select SATELLITE PHONE.
3)
If necessary, select the TEL Softkey to display the AUX-TELEPHONE Page.
Appendix
2)
Annun/
Alerts
Turn the large FMS Knob on the MFD to select the AUX page group.
Abnormal
Operation
Viewing the Telephone Page
Additional
Features
The pilot or copilot can place and answer calls on the Iridium satellite network
as well as to or from the telephone handset in the cabin. Calls can also be answered
or made from the cabin phone, however, only actions initiated from the cockpit
phone will be discussed here. See the cabin handset user guide for more information.
Control and monitoring of telephone functions are accomplished through the AUXTELEPHONE Page.
Hazard
Avoidance
Telephone Communication
Procedures
A subscriber account must be established prior to using the Iridium Satellite
System. Before setting up an Iridium account, obtain the serial number of the Iridium
Transceiver and the System ID by viewing the AUX- SYSTEM STATUS Page. Contact
Garmin Connext at 1-866-739-5687 in the United States or 913-397-8200, ext. 1135.
Flight
Planning
Operation of these features in the cockpit is accomplished through the AUXTELEPHONE and AUX-TEXT MESSAGING Pages. For operation using the cabin
handset, consult the instructions provided with the handset.
GPS Nav
SATELLITE TELEPHONE AND SMS MESSAGING (OPTIONAL)
1)
EIS
The AOPA or AC-U-KWIK Airport Directory adds enhanced airport information
when viewing airports on the WPT-Airport Information Page.
The Airport Directory databases are revised every 56 days. Check fly.garmin.
com for the current database.
Flight
Instruments
AIRPORT DIRECTORY
Index
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
85
Additional Features
Flight
Instruments
Internal
Phone
External
Phone
Description
EIS
Phone is Idle
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Phone is ringing
AFCS
Phone has a dial tone (off hook) or connected to
another phone
GPS Nav
Phone dialed is busy
Flight
Planning
Phone is dialing another phone
Procedures
Phone has failed
Hazard
Avoidance
Phone status not known
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Phone is disabled
Annun/
Alerts
Phone is reserved for data transmission
Appendix
Calling other phone or incoming call from other phone
Index
Other phone is on hold
Phones are connected
86
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Additional Features
Flight
Instruments
Enable the Iridium Telephone System
With the AUX-TELEPHONE Page displayed, select the MENU Key on the
MFD to display the Page Menu.
2)
Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘Enable Iridium Transmission’.
3)
Press the ENT Key.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Disable the Iridium Telephone System
2)
Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘Disable Iridium Transmission’.
3)
Press the ENT Key.
GPS Nav
With the AUX-TELEPHONE Page displayed, select the MENU Key on the
MFD to display the Page Menu.
Incoming Calls
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
Select the ANSWER Softkey on the MFD.
Or:
2)
Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu.
3)
Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘Answer Incoming Call’.
4)
Press the ENT Key.
Annun/
Alerts
Press the TEL Key on the appropriate audio panel.
Abnormal
Operation
While viewing the AUX-TELEPHONE Page:
1)
Procedures
Answer an Incoming Call in the Cockpit
2)
Flight
Planning
When viewing MFD pages other than the AUX-TELEPHONE Page, a pop-up
alert will be displayed. If the call is from the cabin, CABIN will be displayed. If the
incoming call is an Iridium network call, IRIDIUM will be displayed. The pop-up alert
may be inhibited at times, such as during takeoff. In addition to the pop-up alert, a
ringing phone symbol will be displayed to the right of the MFD page title. Also, the
voice alert “Incoming Call” will be heard on the selected cockpit audio.
Press the TEL Key on the appropriate audio panel.
AFCS
1)
1)
EIS
1)
Appendix
Index
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
87
Selecting the IGNORE Softkey will extinguish the pop-up window and leave the
current call unanswered. Selecting the IGNRE ALL Softkey will extinguish the popup window for the current and all future incoming calls and leave the current call
unanswered. Selecting the TEL Softkey will display the AUX-TELEPHONE Page
allowing additional call information to be viewed before answering.
Disabling Incoming Call Alerts
1)
With the AUX-TELEPHONE Page displayed, press the MENU Key on the
MFD to display the Page Menu.
2)
Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘Disable Incoming Call Alerts’.
3)
Press the ENT Key. The voice and pop-up alert will not be displayed now
when an incoming call is received.
Outgoing Calls
Voice calls can be made from the cockpit to the handset in the cabin, or to an
external phone through the Iridium Satellite Network.
Make a Call to the Cabin:
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Additional Features
1)
Press the TEL Key on the appropriate audio panel.
2)
Select the DIAL Softkey on the MFD.
3)
Press the ENT Key. The cursor will move from ‘CABIN’ to ‘OK’.
4)
Press the ENT Key again. The cabin phone will now ring.
Additional
Features
To exit the call, select the HANGUP Softkey.
1)
Press the TEL Key on the appropriate audio panel.
2)
Select the DIAL Softkey on the MFD.
3)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select ‘IRIDIUM’.
4)
Press the ENT Key. The cursor has now moved to the phone number entry field.
5)
Enter the desired telephone number by selecting the number softkeys on
the MFD or by pressing the numeric keys on the MFD Control Unit. The
International dialing sequence is necessary to place a call from the cockpit
to an external phone: Country Code + City/Area Code (if any) + Telephone
Number.
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Make an External Call from the Cockpit
88
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Additional Features
Country Code
870
8810 or 8811
8812 or 8813
8816 or 8817
8818 or 8819
Press the ENT Key. The system will begin calling the number.
GPS Nav
7)
AFCS
Press the ENT Key. ‘OK’ is highlighted.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
6)
EIS
Satellite System
Inmarsat
ICO
Ellipso
Iridium
Globalstar
Flight
Instruments
The following country codes may be used when calling other satellite
telephone systems.
To exit the call, select the HANGUP Softkey.
Flight
Planning
Placing The Cockpit Phone on Hold
Select the HOLD Softkey on the MFD.
Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu.
2)
Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘Put Current Call On Hold’.
3)
Press the ENT Key.
Hazard
Avoidance
1)
Procedures
Or:
Select the TRANS Softkey on the MFD.
Appendix
1)
Annun/
Alerts
To transfer a call:
Abnormal
Operation
Transferring a Call from the Cockpit
From the cockpit phone, an external call can be transferred to the cabin phone,
or a call with the cabin phone can be transferred to an external phone, or (when
two Iridium Transceivers are installed) an external call can be transferred to another
external phone.
Additional
Features
Select the HOLD Softkey again to resume the call.
Or:
a) Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu.
Index
b) Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘Transfer Current Call’.
c) Press the ENT Key.
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
89
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Additional Features
2)
Press the ENT Key. The cursor now highlights the phone number entry
field.
3)
Enter the phone number as discussed earlier for making an external call on
the Iridium satellite network.
4)
Press the ENT Key. ‘OK’ is now highlighted.
5)
Press the ENT Key again to place the call.
Making a Conference Call from the Cockpit
AFCS
1)
Select the CONF Softkey on the MFD.
Or:
GPS Nav
a) Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu.
b) Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘Conference Current Call’.
2)
Press the ENT Key. The cursor now highlights the phone number entry
field.
3)
Enter the phone number as discussed earlier for making an external call on
the Iridium satellite network.
4)
Press the ENT Key. ‘OK’ is now highlighted.
5)
Press the ENT Key again to place the call.
Text Messaging (SMS)
Messages may be sent to an email address or text message capable cellular telephone.
Message length is limited to 160 characters, including the email address.
The text messaging user interface is mainly through the AUX-TEXT MESSAGING
Page.
Viewing the Text Messaging Page
1)
Turn the large FMS Knob on the MFD to select the AUX page group.
2)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select SATELLITE PHONE.
3)
If necessary, select the SMS Softkey to display the AUX-TEXT MESSAGING
Page.
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
c) Press the ENT Key.
90
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Additional Features
Description
Flight
Instruments
Message Symbol
Received text message that has not been opened
EIS
Received text message that has been opened
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Saved text message, draft not sent
AFCS
System is sending text message
GPS Nav
Text message has been sent
Flight
Planning
System failed to send text message
Procedures
Predefined text message
Hazard
Avoidance
Viewing a Text Message When Received
Annun/
Alerts
Appendix
1)
Abnormal
Operation
Enable/Disable Incoming Text Message Pop-Up Alerts
Additional
Features
When viewing MFD pages other than the AUX-TEXT MESSAGING Page, a pop-up
alert will be displayed when a new text message is received.
Select the VIEW Softkey to view the message. Selecting the IGNORE Softkey will
extinguish the pop-up window and leave the text message unopened. Selecting the
IGNR ALL Softkey will extinguish the pop-window and ignore all future incoming
text messages. Selecting the SMS Softkey will display the AUX-TEXT MESSAGING
Page.
The pop-up alerts may be enabled or disabled through the Page Menu.
With the AUX-TEXT MESSAGING Page displayed, press the MENU Key on
the MFD to display the Page Menu.
Index
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
91
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Additional Features
2)
Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘Disable New Message
Popups’ or ‘Enable New Message Popups’.
3)
Press the ENT Key. The pop-up alert will not be displayed when an
incoming text message is received.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Reply to a Text Message
While viewing the text message, select the REPLY Softkey.
Or:
AFCS
a) Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu.
b) Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘Reply To Message’.
GPS Nav
c) Press the ENT Key.
Sending a Text Message
Flight
Planning
1)
While viewing the AUX-TEXT MESSAGING Page, select the NEW Softkey.
Or:
Procedures
a) Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu.
b) Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘Draft New Message’.
2)
The TEXT MESSAGE DRAFT Window is now displayed with the cursor in the
‘TO’ field. Enter the desired telephone number or email address. Entry can
be accomplished through the alphanumeric keys on the MFD Controller,
or combination of the FMS Knob on the controller and softkeys on the
MFD. The FMS Knob is used to enter letters and numbers, or numbers
can be entered from the MFD by selecting the NUMBERS Softkey. Select
the CAP LOCK Softkey to create upper and lower case alpha characters.
Special characters can be accessed by selecting the SYMBOLS Softkey.
3)
Press the ENT Key. The cursor is now displayed in the ‘MESSAGE’ field.
4)
Enter the desired message using any combination of entry methods as
described in step 2.
5)
Press the ENT Key.
6)
Select the SEND Softkey to send the message immediately, or select the
SAVE Softkey to save the message in Outbox for sending at a later time.
Select the CANCEL Softkey to delete the message.
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
c) Press the ENT Key.
92
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Additional Features
Time and effort can be saved in typing text messages that are used repeatedly by
saving these messages as a predefined message.
2)
Turn either FMS Knob to select ‘Edit Predefined Messages’.
3)
Press the ENT Key. The PREDEFINED MESSSAGES view is now displayed.
4)
Select the NEW Softkey.
AFCS
While viewing the AUX-TEXT MESSAGING Page, press the MENU Key to
display the Page Menu.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
1)
EIS
Create a Predefined Text Message
GPS Nav
Or:
a) Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu.
Flight
Planning
b) Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘Draft New Predefined
Message’.
Press the ENT Key. The cursor is now displayed in the ‘MESSAGE’ field.
7)
Enter the desired message using any combination of entry methods as
described in step 5.
8)
Press the ENT Key.
9)
Select the SAVE Softkey. The new predefined message is now shown in
the displayed list. Selecting the CANCEL Softkey will delete the message
without saving.
Abnormal
Operation
6)
Annun/
Alerts
Appendix
10) Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu.
Index
11) Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘Stop Editing Predefined
Message’.
12) Press the ENT Key.
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
Additional
Features
The cursor is displayed in the ‘TITLE’ field. Enter the desired message title.
Entry can be accomplished through the alphanumeric keys on the MFD
Controller, or combination of the FMS Knob on the controller and softkeys on
the MFD. The FMS Knob is used to enter letters and numbers, or numbers
can be entered from the MFD by selecting the NUMBERS Softkey. Select the
CAP LOCK Softkey to create upper and lower case alpha characters. Special
characters can be accessed by selecting the SYMBOLS Softkey.
Hazard
Avoidance
5)
Procedures
c) Press the ENT Key. The PREDEFINED SMS TEXT MESSAGE Window is
now displayed.
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Flight
Instruments
Predefined Text Messages
93
Additional Features
1)
While viewing the AUX-TEXT MESSAGING Page, select the NEW Softkey.
2)
The TEXT MESSAGE DRAFT Window is now displayed with the cursor in the
‘TO’ field. Enter the desired telephone number or email address. Entry can
be accomplished through the alphanumeric keys on the MFD Controller, or
combination of the FMS Knob on the controller and softkeys on the MFD.
The FMS Knob is used to enter letters and numbers, or numbers can be
entered from the MFD by selecting the NUMBERS Softkey. Select the CAP
LOCK Softkey to create upper and lower case alpha characters. Special
characters can be accessed by selecting the SYMBOLS Softkey.
3)
Press the ENT Key. The cursor is now displayed in the ‘MESSAGE’ field.
4)
Select the PREDEFD Softkey. The PREDEFINED MESSAGE MENU Window is
displayed.
6)
Press the ENT Key. The predefined message text is inserted into the
message field. If desired, the message can be edited by using the FMS
Knobs.
7)
Press the ENT Key.
8)
Select the SEND Softkey to transmit the message.
Text Message Boxes
Received text messages reside in the Inbox as ‘Read’ or ‘Unread’ messages. The
Outbox contains ‘Sent” and ‘Unsent’ text messages. Saved messages that are meant to
be sent later are stored as Drafts. Each text message box may be viewed separately, or
together in any combination.
Show Inbox Messages
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Send a Predefined Text Message
While viewing the AUX-TEXT MESSAGING Page, select the ARRANGE
Softkey, then select the INBOX Softkey.
Annun/
Alerts
Or:
a) Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu.
Appendix
b) Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘Show Inbox Messages’.
Index
c) Press the ENT Key. The message box selected for viewing is indicated
at the bottom left of the list window.
94
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Additional Features
Flight
Instruments
Show Outbox Messages
While viewing the AUX-TEXT MESSAGING Page, select the ARRANGE
Softkey, then select the OUTBOX Softkey.
EIS
Or:
a) Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu.
c) Press the ENT Key. The message box selected for viewing is indicated
at the bottom left of the list window.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
b) Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘Show Outbox Messages’.
AFCS
Show Draft Messages
GPS Nav
While viewing the AUX-TEXT MESSAGING Page, select the ARRANGE
Softkey, then select the DRAFTS Softkey.
Or:
Flight
Planning
a) Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu.
b) Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘Show Draft Messages’.
Procedures
c) Press the ENT Key. The message box selected for viewing is indicated
at the bottom left of the list window.
View Messages Sorted by Message Date/Time:
Abnormal
Operation
While viewing the AUX-TEXT MESSAGING Page, select the ARRANGE
Softkey, then select the TIME Softkey.
Additional
Features
The viewed messages may be listed according to the date/time the message was
sent or received, the type of message (read, unread, sent, unsent, etc.), or by message
address.
Hazard
Avoidance
Arranging Text Messages
Or:
Annun/
Alerts
a) Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu.
b) Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘Sort By Date/Time’.
Appendix
c) Press the ENT Key. The sorting selection is indicated at the bottom
center of the list window.
Index
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
95
Additional Features
Flight
Instruments
View Messages Sorted by Message Type
While viewing the AUX-TEXT MESSAGING Page, select the ARRANGE
Softkey, then select the TYPE Softkey.
EIS
Or:
a) Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
b) Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘Sort By Type’.
AFCS
c) Press the ENT Key. The sorting selection is indicated at the bottom
center of the list window.
View Messages Sorted by Address:
GPS Nav
While viewing the AUX-TEXT MESSAGING Page, select the ARRANGE
Softkey, then select the ADDRESS Softkey.
Or:
Flight
Planning
a) Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu.
b) Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘Sort By Address’.
Procedures
c) Press the ENT Key. The sorting selection is indicated at the bottom
center of the list window.
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Viewing The Content of a Text Message
1)
While viewing the AUX-TEXT MESSAGING Page, select the desired message box.
2)
Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
3)
Turn either FMS Knob to select the desired message.
4)
Select the VIEW Softkey.
Abnormal
Operation
Or:
Press the ENT Key.
Annun/
Alerts
Or:
a) Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu.
Appendix
b) Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘View Selected Message’.
c) Press the ENT Key.
5)
To close the text message, select the CLOSE Softkey.
Index
Or:
96
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Additional Features
Flight
Instruments
a) Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu.
b) Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘Close Message’.
c) Press the ENT Key.
2)
Turn either FMS Knob to select the desired message.
3)
Select the MRK READ Softkey.
AFCS
While viewing the Inbox on the AUX-TEXT MESSAGING Page, press the
FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
1)
EIS
Mark Selected Message As Read
Or:
GPS Nav
a) Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu.
b) Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘Mark Selected Message
As Read’.
Flight
Planning
c) Press the ENT Key.
The message symbol now indicates the message has been opened.
Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘Mark All New Messages As
Read’.
3)
Press the ENT Key. A confirmation window is displayed.
4)
With cursor highlighting ‘YES’, press the ENT Key. The message symbols
now indicate all the message have been opened.
Abnormal
Operation
2)
Additional
Features
While viewing the Inbox on the AUX-TEXT MESSAGING Page, press the
MENU Key to display the Page Menu.
Hazard
Avoidance
1)
Procedures
Mark All Messages As Read
Delete a Message
2)
Turn either FMS Knob to select the desired message.
3)
Select the DELETE Softkey.
Appendix
While viewing the Inbox on the AUX-TEXT MESSAGING Page, press the
FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
Annun/
Alerts
1)
Or:
a) Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu.
c) Press the ENT Key.
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
97
Index
b) Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘Delete Selected Message’.
SIRIUSXM SATELLITE RADIO (SUBSCRIPTION OPTIONAL)
The XM Radio Page provides information and control of the audio entertainment
features of the SiriusXM Satellite Radio.
Selecting the XM Radio Page
1)
Turn the large FMS Knob to select the AUX Page Group.
2)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select XM RADIO.
3)
Select the RADIO Softkey to show the XM Radio Page where audio
entertainment is controlled.
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Additional Features
The Active Channel Box on the XM Radio Page displays the currently selected
channel. The Channels List Box of the XM Radio Page shows a list of the available
channels for the selected category.
Selecting a Category
The Category Box of the XM Radio Page displays the currently selected category
of audio.
1) Select the CATGRY Softkey on the XM Radio Page.
2) Select the CAT + and CAT - softkeys to cycle through the categories.
Or:
Turn the small FMS Knob to display the ‘Categories’ list. Highlight the
desired category with the small FMS Knob.
3) Press the ENT Key.
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
Active Channel and Channel List
Annun/
Alerts
Select an Available Channel within the Selected Category
1)
While on the XM Radio Page, select the CHNL Softkey.
2)
Select the CH + Softkey to go down through the list in the Channel Box, or
move up the list with the CH – Softkey.
Appendix
Or:
Press the FMS Knob to highlight the channel list and turn the large FMS
Knob to scroll through the channels.
Index
3)
98
With the desired channel highlighted, press the ENT Key.
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Additional Features
Flight
Instruments
Entering a Channel Directly
2)
Select the DIR CH Softkey. The channel number in the Active Channel Box
is highlighted.
3)
Select the numbered softkeys located on the bottom of the display to
directly select the desired channel number.
4)
Press the ENT Key to activate the selected channel.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
While on the XM Radio Page, select the CHNL Softkey.
EIS
1)
AFCS
Assigning Channel Presets
GPS Nav
Up to 15 channels from any category can be assigned a preset number.
1) On the XM Radio Page, with the desired channel active, select the
PRESETS Softkey to access the first five preset channels (PS1 - PS5).
2) Select the MORE Softkey to access the next five channels (PS6 – PS10),
and again to access the last five channels (PS11 – PS15). Selecting the
MORE Softkey repeatedly cycles through the preset channels.
3) Select the SET Softkey.
4) Select any one of the (PS1 - PS15) softkeys to assign a number to the
active channel.
Flight
Planning
Procedures
Hazard
Avoidance
Adjusting Volume
With the XM Radio Page displayed, press the VOL Softkey.
2)
Press the VOL – Softkey to reduce volume or press the VOL + Softkey to
increase volume. (Once the VOL Softkey is pressed, the volume can also be
adjusted using the small FMS Knob.)
Additional
Features
1)
Abnormal
Operation
Mute SiriusXM Audio
Select the XM Radio Page or XM Information Page.
2)
Press the MUTE Softkey to mute the audio. Press the MUTE Softkey again
to unmute the audio.
Annun/
Alerts
1)
Appendix
Index
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
99
AUXILIARY VIDEO (OPTIONAL)
There are four modes of operation of the auxiliary video display: Full-Screen,
Full-Screen with Digital Zoom, Split-Screen with Map, and Split-Screen with Map and
Digital Zoom.
Displaying auxiliary video:
1) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the AUX page group.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Additional Features
AFCS
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to select VIDEO and display the AUX-VIDEO Page.
The video display softkeys shown below appear on the AUX - VIDEO Page.
Control of the AUX - VIDEO Page can also be accessed through the Page Menu.
2)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the desired video adjustment option
and press the ENT Key.
Once the ENT key is pressed on any option, the page menu closes and returns to
the AUX - VIDEO Page.
Video Setup
Video brightness, contrast, and saturation may be adjusted be selecting the setup
function. While viewing the setup function softkeys, after 45 seconds of softkey
inactivity, the system reverts to the AUX - VIDEO Page softkeys.
Adjusting the video settings:
1) With the AUX-VIDEO Page displayed, press the SETUP Softkey.
2) Press the BRIGHT - or BRIGHT +, to adjust display brightness in five
percent increments from 0 to 100%.
3) Press the CNTRST- or CNTRST +, to adjust display contrast in five
percent increments from 0 to 100%.
4) Press the SAT - or SAT +, to adjust display saturationin five percent
increments from 0 to 100%.
5) If desired, return the display to the default settings by pressing the RESET
Softkey.
6) Press the BACK Softkey to return to the previous softkey level.
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
Selecting video menu options:
1) While viewing the AUX - VIDEO Page press the MENU Key to display the
Page Menu OPTIONS.
100
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Additional Features
While on the AUX - VIDEO Page, press the INPUT Softkey to select Input 1 or
Input 2. The selected input is displayed in the upper left of the video display.
AFCS
Zoom/Range
Procedures
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
Appendix
1) Use the FMS Knob to select the AUX - System Setup Page.
Press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
Index
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘CREATE’ in the Pilot Profile Box.
Press the ENT Key. A ‘Create Profile’ window is displayed.
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
Annun/
Alerts
Creating a Profile
Abnormal
Operation
When the system is powered on, the last selected pilot profile is shown on the MFD
power-up screen. The system can store up to 25 profiles; the currently active profile,
the amount of memory used, and the amount of memory available are shown at the
top of the AUX - System Setup Page in the box labeled ‘Pilot Profile’.
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Flight
Planning
PILOT PROFILES
4)
GPS Nav
Pressing the VID ZM + or VID ZM - Softkeys increases or decreases video display
magnification between 1x and 10x.
The RANGE Knob can be used to increase or decrease the range setting on the
map display or zoom in and out on the video display. While in the Split-Screen
mode, pressing the MAP ACTV or VID ACTV Softkey determines which display the
RANGE Knob adjusts. Pressing the softkey to display MAP ACTV allows the RANGE
Knob to control the range setting of the map display. Pressing the softkey to display
VID ACTV allows the RANGE Knob to control the zoom setting of the video display.
When zooming in on the video display, a Zoom Window will appear in the upper
right of the display. A box within this window indicates the portion of the display
currently being viewed. The currently displayed portion of the full display may be
adjusted by using Joystick.
2)
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Input Selection
EIS
Pressing the HIDE MAP Softkey removes the map and displays video on the full
screen. The softkey label changes to grey with black characters. Pressing the HIDE
MAP Softkey again restores the map view and the small video image. The softkey label
returns to white characters on a black background.
Flight
Instruments
Display Selection
101
Additional Features
Flight
Instruments
5) Use the FMS Knob to enter a profile name up to 16 characters long and
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
press the ENT Key. Pilot profile names cannot begin with a blank as the
first letter.
6)
In the next field, use the small FMS Knob to select the desired settings
upon which to base the new profile. Profiles can be created based on
Garmin factory defaults, default profile settings (initially based on Garmin
factory defaults unless edited by the pilot), or current system settings.
7)
Press the ENT Key.
AFCS
8) With ‘CREATE’ highlighted, press the ENT Key to create the profile.
Or:
GPS Nav
Use the large FMS Knob to select ‘CREATE and ACTIVATE’ and press the
ENT Key to activate the new profile.
Selecting an Active Profile
1) Use the FMS Knob to select the AUX - System Setup Page.
2)
Press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the active profile field in the Pilot
Profile Box.
Additional
Features
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to display the pilot profile list and highlight the
desired profile.
Abnormal
Operation
5) Press the ENT Key. The system loads and displays the system settings for
the selected profile.
6)
Press the FMS Knob to deactivate the cursor.
Renaming a Profile
1) Use the FMS Knob to select the AUX - System Setup Page.
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
To cancel the process, select ‘CANCEL’ with the large FMS Knob and press
the ENT Key.
10) Press the FMS Knob to deactivate the cursor.
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
9)
2)
Press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘RENAME’ in the Pilot Profile Box.
Index
4)
Press the ENT Key.
5) In the ‘Rename Profile’ window, turn the FMS Knob to select the profile to
rename.
102
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Additional Features
Press the ENT Key.
7) Use the FMS Knob to enter a new profile name up to 16 characters long
and press the ENT Key.
9)
EIS
8) With ‘RENAME’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
Flight
Instruments
6)
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
To cancel the process, use the large FMS Knob to select ‘CANCEL’ and
press the ENT Key.
10) Press the FMS Knob to deactivate the cursor.
Deleting a Profile
AFCS
NOTE: The profile that is currently active cannot be deleted. If this is the
Flight
Planning
1) Use the FMS Knob to select the AUX - System Setup Page.
2)
Press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
Procedures
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘DELETE’ in the Pilot Profile Box.
4)
Press the ENT Key.
Hazard
Avoidance
5) In the ‘Delete Profile’ window, turn the FMS Knob to select the profile to
delete.
Press the ENT Key.
Additional
Features
6)
GPS Nav
desired profile to delete, select another profile, then delete the desired
profile.
7) With ‘DELETE’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
To cancel the process, use the large FMS Knob to select ‘CANCEL’ and
press the ENT Key.
9)
Press the FMS Knob to deactivate the cursor.
Abnormal
Operation
8)
Insert an SD card containing the pilot profile(s) into the top card slot on the
MFD.
2)
Turn the FMS Knob to select the AUX - System Setup Page.
3)
Select the IMPORT Softkey.
Appendix
1)
Annun/
Alerts
Importing a Profile from an SD Card
Index
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
103
4)
The system displays the Pilot Profile Importing Window with ‘IMPORT’
highlighted. To change the selected profile to be imported from the SD card
(shown as ‘SELECT FILE’), turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the profile
file name, then turn the small FMS Knob to highlight a profile from the list,
and press the ENT Key.
5)
If desired, the profile name to be used after profile has been imported can
be changed by turning the FMS Knob to highlight the ‘PROFILE NAME’
field, then use the large and small FMS Knobs to enter the name, and press
the ENT Key. Imported profile names cannot begin with a blank space or
be named ‘DEFAULT’, ‘GARMIN DEFAULTS’ or ‘DEFAULT SETTINGS’.
6)
With ‘IMPORT’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
7)
If the imported profile name is the same as an existing profile on the
system, the system displays an ‘Overwrite existing file? OK or CANCEL’
prompt. Press the ENT Key to replace profile on the system with the profile
imported from the SD card, or turn the FMS Knob to highlight ‘CANCEL’
and press the ENT Key to return to the Pilot Profile Importing Window.
8)
If successful, the system displays ‘Pilot profile import succeeded.’ in the
IMPORT RESULTS window below. With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT or
CLR Keys or press the FMS Knob to return to the AUX - System Setup Page.
The imported profile becomes the active profile.
Exporting a Profile to an SD Card
1)
Insert the SD card for storing the Pilot Profile into the top card slot on the
MFD.
2)
Turn the FMS Knob to select the AUX - System Setup Page.
3)
If necessary, activate the desired pilot profile to export. Only the currently
active Pilot Profile can be exported.
4)
Select the EXPORT Softkey. The system displays the Pilot Profile Exporting
Window.
5)
To export the pilot profile using the current supplied name, press the ENT
Key with ‘EXPORT’ highlighted. To change the profile file name turn the
large FMS Knob to highlight the ‘SELECT FILE’ field, then enter the new
name with the large and small FMS Knobs, then press the ENT Key. Then
press the ENT Key with ‘EXPORT’ highlighted.
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Additional Features
104
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Additional Features
If successful, the EXPORT RESULTS window displays ‘Pilot profile export
succeeded.’ With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT or CLR Keys, or press the
FMS Knob to return to the AUX - System Setup Page.
AFCS
BLUETOOTH® MANAGEMENT
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
7)
EIS
If the profile name to be exported is the same as an existing profile file
name on the SD card, the system displays an ‘Overwrite existing file? OK
or CANCEL’ prompt. Press the ENT Key to replace the profile on the SD
card with the profile to be exported, or turn the FMS Knob to highlight
‘CANCEL’ and press the ENT Key to return to the Pilot Profile Exporting
Window without exporting the profile.
Flight
Instruments
6)
Flight
Planning
Procedures
Hazard
Avoidance
Viewing the Bluetooth Management Page
GPS Nav
The Bluetooth Management Page allows for setting up the installed optional Flight
Stream device for a Bluetooth connection between the G950 and a mobile device
running the Garmin Pilot™ application.
The mobile device must be ‘paired’ with the G950 in order to use the various
functions. Pairing is accomplished by first placing the G950 in pairing mode by
displaying the Bluetooth Management Page. The G950 is ‘discoverable’ whenever this
page is displayed. The pairing operation is completed from the mobile device and
the Garmin Pilot application. See the device Bluetooth pairing instructions and the
connection instructions in the Garmin Pilot application.
Turn the large FMS Knob on the MFD to select the AUX page group.
2)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the BLUETOOTH MANAGEMENT page.
Changing the Bluetooth Name
While viewing the Bluetooth Management Page, press the FMS Knob to
activate the cursor.
2)
Turn the large FMS Knob to place the cursor in the ‘BLUETOOTH NAME’
field.
3)
Enter the desired name by using the large FMS Knob to select the character
field, and the small FMS Knob select the desired alphanumeric character
for that field.
4)
Press the ENT Key. The cursor is removed and the new name is displayed.
Abnormal
Operation
1)
Additional
Features
1)
Annun/
Alerts
Appendix
Index
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
105
Enabling/Disabling Flight Plan Importing from Garmin Pilot
GPS Nav
Flight
Planning
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
While viewing the Bluetooth Management Page, press the FMS Knob to
activate the cursor.
2)
Turn the large FMS Knob to place the cursor in the ‘FLIGHT PLAN IMPORT’
field.
3)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select ‘ENABLED’ or ‘DISABLED’.
4)
Press the FMS Knob to remove the cursor.
1)
While viewing the Bluetooth Management Page, press the FMS Knob to
activate the cursor.
2)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the desired paired device.
3)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select ‘ENABLED’ or ‘DISABLED’. Selecting
‘ENABLED’ allows the G950 to automatically connect to a previously paired
device when detected.
4)
Press the FMS Knob to remove the cursor.
Remove a Specific Paired Device from the List of Paired Devices:
Additional
Features
Abnormal
Operation
Annun/
Alerts
Appendix
Index
1)
Enabling/Disabling Automatic Reconnection of a Specific Paired Device
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Additional Features
1)
While viewing the Bluetooth Management Page, press the FMS Knob to
activate the cursor.
2)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the desired paired device.
3)
Press the REMOVE Softkey. A confirmation screen is displayed as seen in
Figure 8-112.
4)
If necessary, turn the large FMS Knob to select ‘YES’.
5)
Press the ENT Key to remove the device from the list of paired devices.
SCHEDULER
The Scheduler feature can be used to enter and display reminder messages (e.g., Hot
Section Inspection or Phase 1 Maintenance Check) in the Alerts Window on the PFD.
Messages can be set to display based on a specific date and time (event), once the message
timer reaches zero (one-time; default setting), or recurrently whenever the message timer
reaches zero (periodic). Message timers set to periodic alerting automatically reset to the
original timer value once the message is displayed. When power is cycled, all messages
are retained until deleted, and message timer countdown is resumed.
106
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Additional Features
Flight
Instruments
Entering a Scheduler Message
Select the AUX - Utility Page.
2)
Press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
3)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the first empty scheduler message
naming field.
4)
Use the FMS Knob to enter the message text to be displayed in the Alerts
Window and press the ENT Key.
5)
Press the ENT Key again or use the large FMS Knob to move the cursor to
the field next to Type.
6)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the message type:
EIS
1)
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
AFCS
GPS Nav
• Event—Message issued at the specified date/time
• One-time—Message issued when the message timer reaches zero
(default setting)
8)
For periodic and one-time message, use the FMS Knob to enter the timer
value (HH:MM:SS) from which to countdown and press the ENT Key.
9)
For event-based messages:
Hazard
Avoidance
Press the ENT Key again or use the large FMS Knob to move the cursor to
the next field.
Procedures
7)
Flight
Planning
• Periodic—Message issued each time the message timer reaches zero
b) Press the ENT Key again or use the large FMS Knob to move the cursor
to the next field.
Additional
Features
a) Use the FMS Knob to enter the desired date (DD-MM-YY) and press
the ENT Key.
Abnormal
Operation
c) Use the FMS Knob to enter the desired time (HH:MM) and press the
ENT Key.
Annun/
Alerts
10) Press the ENT Key again or use the large FMS Knob to move the cursor to
enter the next message.
Appendix
Index
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
107
Deleting a Scheduler Message
2)
Press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
EIS
1) Select the AUX - Utility Page.
3)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the name field of the scheduler
message to be deleted.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Flight
Instruments
Additional Features
4)
Press the CLR Key to clear the message text. If the CLR Key is pressed
again, the message is restored.
Press the ENT Key while the message line is cleared to clear the message
text.
Scheduler messages appear in the Alerts Window on the PFD. When a scheduler
message is waiting, the ALERTS Softkey label flashes. Selecting the ALERTS Softkey
opens the Alerts Window and acknowledges the scheduler message. Selecting the
ALERTS Softkey again removes the Alerts Window from the display, and the scheduler
message is deleted from the message queue.
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
5)
108
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Abnormal Operation
109
Index
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
Appendix
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Annun/
Alerts
NOTE: Audio is not available on the speakers in case of an Audio Panel and
its cross-side GIA unit simultaneous failure.
Abnormal
Operation
If there is a failure of both Audio Panels, a fail-safe circuit connects the pilot’s
headset and microphone directly to the COM1 transceiver and the copilot’s headset
directly to the COM2 transceiver. Audio is not available on the speakers. If there is a
failure of one Audio Panel, that side only has access to their respective on-side fail-safe
COM.
Additional
Features
AUDIO PANEL FAIL-SAFE OPERATION
Hazard
Avoidance
When a COM tuning failure is detected by the system, the emergency frequency
(121.500 MHz) is automatically loaded into the active frequency field of the COM
radio for which the tuning failure was detected. In the event of a failure of both PFDs,
the emergency frequency (121.500 MHz) automatically becomes the active frequency
on both COM radios.
Procedures
ABNORMAL COM OPERATION
Flight
Planning
• PFD1 – By pressing the DISPLAY BACKUP Button on the left audio panel.
• MFD – By pressing the DISPLAY BACKUP Button on the left or the right
audio panel.
• PFD2 – By pressing the DISPLAY BACKUP Button on the right audio
panel.
GPS Nav
Manual activation of reversionary display mode is accomplished by pressing the
DISPLAY BACKUP Button on the appropriate audio panel.
AFCS
If the system detects a failure in PFD1 or MFD, reversionary mode is entered
automatically. Reversionary mode must be entered manually in the case of
PFD2 failure. In reversionary mode, critical flight instrumentation is combined with
engine instrumentation on the remaining display.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
REVERSIONARY MODE
EIS
NOTE: The Twin Commander Airplane Flight Manual (AFM) always takes
precedence over the information found in this section.
Flight
Instruments
ABNORMAL OPERATION
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Abnormal Operation
If there is a failure of one Audio Panel, the remaining Audio Panel does not have
access to the other side’s COM or NAV. For example, if the pilot side Audio Panel
fails, the copilot side Audio Panel has access to all the radios except for COM1 and
NAV1. In this case, the copilot can receive the audio from NAV2 and operate COM2
for transmission/reception.
In addition, if there is a failure of one Audio Panel, the following functions are no
longer available on the failed side; NAV/ILS audio, speaker, cockpit/cockpit-passengers
intercom, aural warning alerts on headset, entertainment inputs, and digital recording
radio. Also, if a stereo headset is in use, and an Audio Panel fails, only the left channel
will be heard in the headphones.
If GPS position is lost, or becomes invalid, selected hazards being displayed on the
Navigation Map Page are removed until GPS position is again established.
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
HAZARD DISPLAYS WITH LOSS OF GPS POSITION
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Loss of Hazard Functions with Loss of GPS
Position
UNUSUAL ATTITUDES
The PFD ‘declutters’ when the aircraft enters an unusual attitude. Only the primary
functions are displayed in these situations.
The following information is removed from the PFD (and corresponding softkeys
are disabled) when the aircraft experiences unusual attitudes:
• Traffic Annunciations
• AFCS Annunciations
• Flight Director
Command Bars
• Inset Map
• Temperatures
• DME Information
Window
• Wind Data
• Selected Heading Box
• Selected Course Box
• Transponder Status
110
Box
• System Time
• PFD Setup Menu
• Windows displayed in
the lower right corner
of the PFD:
– Timer/References
– Nearest Airports
– Flight Plan
– Messages
– Procedures
– ADF/DME Tuning
• Barometric Minimum
Descent Altitude Box
• Glideslope, Glidepath, and Vertical
Deviation Indicators
• Altimeter Barometric
Setting
• Selected Altitude
• VNV Target Altitude
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Abnormal Operation
Flight
Instruments
EIS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Extreme Pitch Indication
Abnormal
Operation
Annun/
Alerts
Appendix
Index
111
Additional
Features
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
Hazard
Avoidance
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Procedures
DR Mode is indicated by the appearance of the letters ‘DR’ superimposed in yellow
over the ‘own aircraft’ symbol as shown in the following figure. In addition, ‘DR’ is
prominently displayed, also in yellow, on the HSI slightly above and to the right of the
aircraft symbol on the CDI as shown in the following figure. Also, the CDI deviation
bar is removed from the display. Lastly, but at the same time, a ‘GPS NAV LOST’ alert
message appears on the PFD.
Normal navigation using GPS/SBAS source data resumes automatically once a valid
GPS solution is restored.
It is important to note that estimated navigation data supplied by the system in
DR Mode may become increasingly unreliable and must not be used as a sole means
of navigation. If, while in DR Mode, airspeed and/or heading data is also lost or
not available, the DR function may not be capable of estimating your position and,
consequently, the system may display a path that is different than the actual movement
of the aircraft. Estimated position information displayed by the system through
DR while there is no heading and/or airspeed data available should not be used for
navigation.
Flight
Planning
NOTE: Dead Reckoning Mode only functions in Enroute (ENR) or Oceanic
(OCN) phase of flight. In all other phases, an invalid GPS solution produces
a “NO GPS POSITION” annunciation on the map and the system stops
navigating in GPS Mode.
GPS Nav
While in Enroute or Oceanic phase of flight, if the system detects an invalid GPS
solution or is unable to calculate a GPS position, the system automatically reverts to
Dead Reckoning (DR) Mode. In DR Mode, the system uses its last-known position
combined with continuously updated airspeed and heading data (when available) to
calculate and display the aircraft’s current estimated position.
AFCS
DEAD RECKONING
DR Mode is inherently less accurate than the standard GPS/SBAS Mode due to the
lack of satellite measurements needed to determine a position. Changes in wind speed
and/or wind direction compounds the relative inaccuracy of DR Mode. Because of this
degraded accuracy, the crew must maintain position awareness using other navigation
equipment until GPS-derived position data is restored.
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Abnormal Operation
As a result of operating in DR Mode, all GPS-derived data is computed based upon
an estimated position and is displayed as yellow text on the display to denote degraded
navigation source information. This data includes the following:
•
•
•
•
•
•
Additional
Features
Abnormal
Operation
Navigation Status Box fields except Active Leg, TAS, and DTK
GPS Bearing Pointer
Wind data and pointers in the Wind Data Box on the PFD
Current Track Indicator
All Bearing Pointer Distances
Active Flight Plan distances, bearings, and ETE values
Also, while the system is in DR Mode, the autopilot will not couple to GPS, and
TAWS is disabled. Additionally, the accuracy of all nearest information (airports,
airspaces, and waypoints) is questionable. Finally, airspace alerts continue to function,
but with degraded accuracy.
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Symbolic Aircraft
(Map pages and Inset Map)
Dead Reckoning Indications
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
CDI ‘DR’ Indication on PFD
112
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Annunciations & Alerts
Desription
Audio Alert
Left engine fire warning
Right engine fire warning
AFCS
Cabin altitude is high
Bleed air leak in unpressurized fuselage
GPS Nav
Left engine oil pressure low
Right engine oil pressure low
Repeating Chime
Flight
Planning
L Oil Temp GT 111 for 5 minutes
R Oil Temp GT 111 for 5 minutes
Procedures
Left RPM over 101% for > 30 sec
Right RPM over 101% for > 30 sec
Elevator trim not in takeoff range
Hazard
Avoidance
Annunciation Text
L FIRE
R FIRE
CABIN ALT
FUSE TEMP*
L OIL PRESS*
R OIL PRESS*
L OIL TEMP HI*
R OIL TEMP HI*
L RPM HI*
R RPM HI*
SET TRIM*
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
WARNING Annunciation
* Annunciation not used on all models
Left engine in BETA mode
Right engine in BETA mode
Prop Sync
Left engine chip detector
Right engine chip detector
Single Chime
Appendix
Left generator inoperative
Annun/
Alerts
Right generator inoperative
Low fuel quantity
Cabin or baggage door not secure
Index
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Aural Alert
Abnormal
Operation
R CHIP
L GEN
R GEN
LOW FUEL
DOOR
RADIO BUS 1
Description
Additional
Features
CAUTION Annunciation
Annunciation Text
L BETA
R BETA
PROP SYNC
L CHIP
EIS
CAS MESSAGES
The following messages are configured specifically for the the Twin Commander.
See the Pilot’s Operating Handbook (POH) for information regarding pilot responses.
Flight
Instruments
ANNUNCIATIONS & ALERTS
RADIO BUS 1 - no power
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
113
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Annunciations & Alerts
Annunciation Text
RADIO BUS 2
LOW VOLTS
ECU PRESS*
REG AIR*
DISTR BUS 1*
DISTR BUS 2*
L HYDR FLOW*
R HYDR FLOW*
EMER PRESS*
FLAPS FAIL
CONTROL BUS*
DISTR BUS*
STALL*
A/C VOLTS**
Description
Aural Alert
RADIO BUS 2 - no power
Low voltage on MAIN BUS
ECU pressure regulator inoperative
Regulated air pressure high
DISTR BUS 1 - no power
DISTR BUS 2 - no power
Left HYDRAULIC flow
Right HYDRAULIC flow
Single Chime
Emergency pressurization system activated
Flaps system failure
CONTROL BUS - no power
DISTR BUS - no power
Stall warning
No power on A/C bus
* Annunciation not used on all models
** Optional for all models
ADVISORY Annunciation
Annunciation Text
EXTERNAL POWER
L INLET
R INLET
MAX FLOW
L IGN*
R IGN*
L FUEL VALVE*
R FUEL VALVE*
L HYD VALVE*
R HYD VALVE*
SERIES MODE*
FLAP TRANSIT*
114
Description
Aural Alert
External power source available
Left inlet anti-ice on
Right inlet anti-ice on
Max flow on
Left ignition system on
Right ignition system on
Left fuel valve
None
Right fuel valve
L hydraulic valve
Right hydraulic valve
Batteries in series mode
Flaps in transit
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Annunciations & Alerts
Description
Aural Alert
Flight
Instruments
Flaps at 20 degrees
Flaps at 40 degrees
Left engine auto start override on
EIS
Right engine auto start override on
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Stall warning system 22,000’ switch activated
Stall warning system 30,000’ switch activated
None
Cooling Fan 1 for remote avionics has failed.
AFCS
Cooling Fan 2 for remote avionics has failed.
The cooling fan for PFD1 has failed.
The cooling fan for PFD2 has failed.
GPS Nav
Annunciation Text
FLAPS 20*
FLAPS 40*
L START OVRD*
R START OVRD*
LO ALT*
HI ALT*
AV 1 FAN FAIL
AV 2 FAN FAIL
PFD1 FAN FAIL
PFD2 FAN FAIL
MFD FAN FAIL
The cooling fan for MFD has failed.
Hazard
Avoidance
Condition
Difference in altitude sensors is > 200 ft.
Additional
Features
Comparator
Window Text
ALT MISCOMP
If both airspeed sensors detect < 35 knots, this is inhibited.
IAS MISCOMP
If either airspeed sensor detects > 80 knots, and the difference in sensors is > 10 kts.
HDG MISCOMP Difference in heading sensors is > 10 degrees.
Difference in roll sensors is > 6 degrees.
ALT NO COMP
No data from one or both altitude sensors.
IAS NO COMP
No data from one or both airspeed sensors.
Appendix
ROL MISCOMP
Annun/
Alerts
Difference in pitch sensors is > 5 degrees.
Abnormal
Operation
If either airspeed sensor detects > 35 knots, and the difference in sensors is > 15 kts.
PIT MISCOMP
Procedures
COMPARATOR ANNUNCIATIONS
Note that operating the system in the vicinity of metal buildings or other metal
structures can cause sensor differences that may result in nuisance miscompare
annunciations during start up, shut down, or while taxiing.
Flight
Planning
* Annunciation not used on all models
HDG NO COMP No data from one or both heading sensors.
No data from one or both pitch sensors.
ROL NO COMP
No data from one or both roll sensors..
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
Index
PIT NO COMP
115
REVERSIONARY SENSOR ANNUNCIATIONS
Reversionary Sensor
Condition
Window Text
Both PFDs are displaying data from the number one Air Data Computer.
BOTH ON ADC1
Both PFDs are displaying data from the number two Air Data Computer.
BOTH ON ADC2
Both PFDs are displaying data from the number one Attitude & Heading
BOTH ON AHRS1
Reference System.
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Annunciations & Alerts
BOTH ON AHRS2
Both PFDs are displaying data from the number two Attitude & Heading
Reference System.
BOTH ON GPS1
BOTH ON GPS2
USING ADC1
USING ADC2
USING AHRS1
USING AHRS2
USING GPS1
USING GPS2
Both PFDs are displaying data from the number one GPS receiver.
Both PFDs are displaying data from the number two GPS receiver.
PFD2 is displaying data from the #1 Air Data Computer.
PFD1 is displaying data from the #2 Air Data Computer.
PFD2 is displaying data from the #1 AHRS.
PFD1 is displaying data from the #2 AHRS.
PFD2 is displaying data from the #1 GPS.
PFD1 is displaying data from the #2 GPS.
TERRAIN-SVS ALERTS
PFD/MFD*
Alert
Annunciation
MFD Pop-Up Alert (except
Terrain-SVS Page
Aural Message
Reduced Required
Terrain Clearance
Warning (RTC)
TERRAIN
WARNING TERRAIN
“Warning; Terrain,
Terrain”
Imminent Terrain
Impact Warning
(ITI)
TERRAIN
WARNING TERRAIN
“Warning; Terrain,
Terrain”
Reduced Required
Obstacle Clearance
Warning (ROC)
TERRAIN
WARNING OBSTACLE
“Warning; Obstacle,
Obstacle”
Imminent Obstacle
Impact Warning
(IOI)
TERRAIN
WARNING OBSTACLE
“Warning; Obstacle,
Obstacle”
Alert Type
116
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Annunciations & Alerts
CAUTION-TERRAIN
“Caution; Terrain,
Terrain”
Imminent Terrain
Impact Caution (ITI)
TERRAIN
TERRAIN AHEAD
“Caution; Terrain,
Terrain”
Reduced Required
Obstacle Clearance
Caution (ROC)
TERRAIN
CAUTION-OBSTACLE
“Caution; Obstacle,
Obstacle”
Imminent Obstacle
Impact Caution
(IOI)
TERRAIN
OBSTACLE AHEAD
“Caution; Obstacle,
Obstacle”
GPS Nav
TERRAIN
AFCS
Reduced Required
Terrain Clearance
Caution (RTC)
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Aural Message
EIS
MFD Pop-Up Alert (except
Terrain-SVS Page
Flight
Instruments
Alert Type
PFD/MFD*
Alert
Annunciation
* Annunciation is shown on the Terrain-SVS Page and the Navigation Map Page when Terrain is enabled.
Flight
Planning
TIS SYSTEM ANNUNCIATIONS
The transponder has failed*
TIS is unavailable or out of range
Abnormal
Operation
UNAVAILABLE
Data is not being received from the transponder*
Data is being received from the transponder, but a failure
is detected in the data stream*
Additional
Features
FAILED
Description
Hazard
Avoidance
DATA FAILED
Procedures
Traffic Map Page Center
Banner Annunciation
NO DATA
* Contact a service center or Garmin dealer for corrective action
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
117
Index
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Appendix
When the aircraft is on the ground, TIS automatically enters Standby Mode. If traffic is selected for display on another map while Standby Mode is selected, the traffic
display enabled icon is crossed out (also the case whenever TIS has failed). Once the
aircraft is airborne, TIS switches to Operating Mode and traffic information is displayed. The mode can be changed manually using softkeys or the page menu.
Annun/
Alerts
TIS Failure Annunciations
Traffic Mode Annunciation
(Traffic Map Page)
Mode
Traffic Display Status
Icon
(Other Maps)
OPERATING
TIS Operating
TIS Standby
STANDBY
(also shown in white in center of page)
TIS Failed*
FAIL
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Annunciations & Alerts
Traffic Status Banner
Annunciation
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
TIS Mode Annunciations
Procedures
TA OFF SCALE
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
TA X.X ± XX ↕
Abnormal
Operation
AGE MM:SS
Appendix
TRFC RMVD
Index
Annun/
Alerts
TRFC COAST
TRFC FAIL
118
Description
A Traffic Advisory is outside the selected display range*
Annunciation is removed when traffic comes within the selected
display range
System cannot determine bearing of Traffic Advisory**
Annunciation indicates distance in nm, altitude separation
in hundreds of feet, and altitude trend arrow (climbing/
descending)
Appears if traffic data is not refreshed within 6 seconds
If after another 6 seconds data is not received, traffic is removed
from the display
The quality of displayed traffic information is reduced as the age
increases
The displayed data is not current (6 to 12 seconds since last
message)
The quality of displayed traffic information is reduced when this
message is displayed
Traffic is removed because it is too old for coasting (12 to 60
seconds since last message)
Traffic may exist within the selected display range, but it is not
displayed
Traffic data has failed
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Annunciations & Alerts
The traffic service is unavailable or out of range
EIS
TRFC UNAVAIL
Flight
Instruments
Traffic Status Banner
Description
Annunciation
NO TRFC DATA
Traffic has not been detected
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
*Shown as symbol on Traffic Map Page
**Shown in center of Traffic Map Page
TIS Traffic Status Annunciations
AFCS
TAS/TCAS I SYSTEM ANNUNCIATIONS
TAS/TCAS I Operating
OPERATING
STANDBY
(also shown in white in center of page)
TAS/TCAS I Failed*
FAIL
Hazard
Avoidance
TAS/TCAS I Standby
Procedures
TEST
(also shown in white in center of page)
Flight
Planning
TAS/TCAS I System Test
Initiated
Traffic Display
Status Icon
(Other Maps)
Additional
Features
TAS/TCAS I Mode Annunciations
Data is not being received from the traffic unit
Data is being received from the traffic unit, but the unit is
self-reporting a failure
Incorrect data format received from the traffic unit
Appendix
FAILED
Description
Annun/
Alerts
DATA FAILED
Abnormal
Operation
Traffic Map Page Center
Annunciation
NO DATA
GPS Nav
Traffic Mode Annunciation
(Traffic Map Page)
Mode
Traffic Failure Annunciations
Index
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
119
Traffic Status Banner
Annunciation
TA OFF SCALE
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Annunciations & Alerts
TRFC FAIL
NO TRFC DATA
Traffic Status Annunciations
Traffic Map Page
Center Banner
Annunciation
ADS-B System
Test Initiated
ADS-B: TEST
TEST MODE
ADS-B Operating
in Airborne Mode
ADS-B: AIRB
ADS-B: AIRB
ADS-B Operating
in Surface Mode
ADS-B: SURF
ADS-B: SURF
ABD-B Traffic Off
ADS-B: OFF
ADS-B TRFC OFF
ADS-B Traffic Not
Available
ADS-B: N/A
ADS-B TRFC N/A
ADS-B Failed*
ADS-B: FAIL
ADS-B TRFC FAIL
Index
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Traffic Mode
Annunciation
(Traffic Map Page)
Annun/
Alerts
ADS-B TRAFFIC ANNUNCIATIONS
Appendix
Procedures
A Traffic Advisory is outside the selected display range*.
Annunciation is removed when traffic comes within the
selected display range.
System cannot determine bearing of Traffic Advisory**.
Annunciation indicates distance in nm, altitude separation
in hundreds of feet, and altitude trend arrow (climbing/
descending).
Traffic unit has failed (unit is self-reporting a failure or sending
incorrectly formatted data)
Data is not being received from the traffic unit
*Shown as symbol on Traffic Map Page
**Shown in center of Traffic Map Page
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
TA X.X ± XX ↕
Description
Mode
Traffic Display
Status Icon
(Other Maps)
Mode Annunciations
120
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Annunciations & Alerts
Traffic Failure Annunciations
AFCS
Traffic Status Banner
Annunciation
Additional
Features
*Shown as symbol on Traffic Map Page
**Shown in center of Traffic Map Page
Hazard
Avoidance
NO TRFC DATA
Procedures
TRFC FAIL
A Traffic Advisory is outside the selected display range*.
Annunciation is removed when traffic comes within the
selected display range.
System cannot determine bearing of Traffic Advisory**.
Annunciation indicates distance in nm, altitude separation
in hundreds of feet, and altitude trend arrow (climbing/
descending).
Traffic unit has failed (unit is self-reporting a failure or sending
incorrectly formatted data)
Data is not being received from the traffic unit
Flight
Planning
TA X.X ± XX ↕
Description
GPS Nav
TA OFF SCALE
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
ADS-B TRFC FAIL
Data is not being received from the traffic unit
Data is being received from the traffic unit, but the unit is
self-reporting a failure
Incorrect data format received from the traffic unit
EIS
DATA FAILED
Description
Flight
Instruments
Traffic Map Page Center
Annunciation
NO DATA
Traffic Status Annunciations
Abnormal
Operation
Annun/
Alerts
Appendix
Index
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
121
TERRAIN-SVS SYSTEM STATUS ANNUNCIATIONS
PFD/MFD*
Alert
Annunciation
Terrain-SVS Page Center
Banner Annunciation
Aural
Message
TER TEST
TERRAIN TEST
None
System Test pass
None
None
“Terrain
System Test
OK”
Terrain Alerting
Inhibited
TER INH
None
None
No GPS position
TER N/A
NO GPS POSITION
“Terrain
System Not
AvailableӠ
Excessively degraded
GPS signal; or
Out of database
coverage area
TER N/A
None
“Terrain
System Not
AvailableӠ
Terrain System Test
Fail;
Terrain or Obstacle
database unavailable
or invalid;
Invalid software
configuration; or
System audio fault
TER FAIL
TERRAIN FAIL
“Terrain
System
Failure”
None
TERRAIN DATABASE FAILURE
None
Alert Type
System Test in
progress
MFD Terrain or
Obstacle database
unavailable or
invalid, Terrain-SVS
operating with PFD
Terrain or Obstacle
databases
* Annunciation is shown on the Terrain-SVS Page and the Navigation Map Page when Terrain is enabled.
† “Terrain System Available” (in-flight only) when sufficient GPS signal received, or terrain database
coverage re-entered.
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Annunciations & Alerts
122
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Annunciations & Alerts
Alert Type
PULL UP
PULL UP
TERRAIN
TERRAIN
Premature Descent
Alert Caution (PDA)
Excessive Descent
Rate Caution (EDR)
TERRAIN AHEAD
CAUTION-OBSTACLE
or
OBSTACLE AHEAD
“Caution, Obstacle;
Caution, Obstacle”
or
“Obstacle Ahead;
Obstacle Ahead”
TERRAIN
TOO LOW-TERRAIN
“Too Low, Terrain”
None
None
“Five-Hundred”
TERRAIN
SINK RATE
“Sink Rate”
DON’T SINK
“Don’t Sink”
or
“Too Low, Terrain”
TERRAIN
or
TOO LOW-TERRAIN
Index
* Annunciation is shown on the TAWS-B Page and the Navigation Map Page when Terrain is enabled.
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
Appendix
Negative Climb Rate
Caution (NCR)
or
“Caution, Terrain;
Caution, Terrain”
or
“Terrain Ahead; Terrain
Ahead”
Annun/
Alerts
Altitude Callout “500”
CAUTION-TERRAIN
Abnormal
Operation
Imminent Obstacle
Impact Caution (IOI)
OBSTACLE AHEAD-PULL-UP
Additional
Features
Reduced Required
Obstacle Clearance
Caution (ROC)
or
Hazard
Avoidance
Imminent Terrain
Impact Caution (ITI)
OBSTACLE-PULL-UP
“Obstacle, Obstacle;
Pull Up, Pull Up”
or
“Obstacle Ahead, Pull
Up; Obstacle Ahead,
Pull Up”
Procedures
Reduced Required
Terrain Clearance
Caution (RTC)
TERRAIN AHEAD-PULL-UP
Flight
Planning
Imminent Obstacle
Impact Warning (IOI)
or
“Terrain, Terrain; Pull
Up, Pull Up”
or
“Terrain Ahead, Pull
Up; Terrain Ahead, Pull
Up”
GPS Nav
Reduced Required
Obstacle Clearance
Warning (ROC)
TERRAIN-PULL-UP
“Pull Up”
AFCS
Imminent Terrain
Impact Warning (ITI)
PULL-UP
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Reduced Required
Terrain Clearance
Warning (RTC)
PULL UP
Aural Message
EIS
Excessive Descent
Rate Warning (EDR)
PFD/MFD*
MFD Pop-Up Alert (except
Alert
TAWS-B Page)
Annunciation
Flight
Instruments
TAWS-B ALERTS
123
TAWS-B System Status Annunciations
Alert Type
System Test in
progress
PFD/MFD*
TAWS-B Page Center Banner
Alert
Annunciation
Annunciation
Aural
Message
TAWS TEST
TAWS TEST
None
System Test pass
None
None
“TAWS System
Test OK”
TAWS-B FLTA
Alerting Inhibited
TAWS INH
None
None
No GPS position
TAWS N/A
NO GPS POSITION
“TAWS Not
AvailableӠ
Excessively degraded
GPS signal; or
Out of database
coverage area
TAWS N/A
None
“TAWS Not
AvailableӠ
TAWS-B System Test
Fail;
Terrain or Obstacle
database unavailable
or invalid;
Invalid software
configuration; or
System audio fault
TAWS FAIL
TAWS FAIL
“TAWS System
Failure”
None
TERRAIN DATABASE FAILURE
None
MFD Terrain or
Obstacle database
unavailable or
invalid, TAWS-B
operating with PFD
Terrain or Obstacle
databases
* Annunciation is shown on the TAWS-B Page and the Navigation Map Page when Terrain is enabled.
† “TAWS Available” (in-flight only) when sufficient GPS signal received, or terrain database coverage reentered.
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Annunciations & Alerts
124
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Annunciations & Alerts
Message
NO SIGNAL
Channel not in service
Flight
Planning
--------
Acquiring channel audio or
information
GPS Nav
OFF AIR
Loss of signal; signal strength
too low for receiver
AFCS
LOADING
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
UPDATING
Description
Data Link Receiver antenna
error; service required
Data Link Receiver updating
encryption code
EIS
CHECK ANTENNA
Message Location
XM Information Page
(MFD)
XM Information Page
(MFD))
XM Information Page
Weather Datalink
Page (MFD)
XM Radio Page
(MFD)
XM Radio Page
(MFD)
XM Radio Page
(MFD)
Flight
Instruments
SIRIUSXM WEATHER & SATELLITE RADIO MESSAGES
Missing channel information
Weather Datalink
Page (MFD)
Procedures
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
Abnormal
Operation
No communication from Data
Link Receiver within last 5
minutes
XM Information Page SiriusXM subscription is not
ACTIVATION REQUIRED
(MFD)
activated
Weather Datalink SiriusXM subscription is
DETECTING ACTIVATION
Page (MFD)
activating.
Weather Datalink SiriusXM subscription confirmed
WAITING FOR DATA...
Page (MFD)
downloading weather data.
GDL 69/69A/69 SXM/69A SXM Data Link Receiver Messages
WEATHER DATA LINK FAILED
Annun/
Alerts
Appendix
Index
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
125
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Annunciations & Alerts
CONNEXT WEATHER MESSAGES
Weather Request
Status Message
Description
Auto requests inhibited
Send manual request to
reset.
The system has disabled automatic weather data requests due
to excessive errors. Automatic weather data requests have
stopped. Send a manual weather data request to resume
automatic updates.
The system will attempt another automatic weather data
request after an error occurred during the previous request.
Displays estimated time until next automatic request occurs.
A communications error has occurred with the GIA. The system
should be serviced.
This occurs if multiple automatic weather data requests have
recently failed, or the GIA is off-line.
The Iridium or Garmin Connext services are not accessible.
Check Iridium signal strength. If this error persists, the system
should be serviced.
A communications error has occurred. If this error persists, the
system should be serviced.
The system halted the weather data request due to excessive
delays while receiving weather data. Verify Iridium signal
strength and re-try data request.
A ground-based server error has occurred or invalid data
received.
There is a problem with the Garmin Connext registration.
In the United States, contact Garmin at 1-866-739-5687.
Outside the United States, call 913-397-8200, wait for the
operator, and request extension 1135.
The Garmin Connext weather data server is temporarily out
of service, but is expected to return to service in less than 30
minutes.
The Garmin Connext weather data server will be out of service
for at least 30 minutes.
Auto update retry: ##
Seconds
Connext Comm Error [2]
Connext Comm Error [5]
Connext Comm Error [6]
Connext Comm Error [7]
Connext Comm Error [8]
Connext Login Invalid
Connext Server
Temporarily Inop
Connext Server Inop
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
Connext Comm Error [4]
126
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Annunciations & Alerts
Description
Flight
Instruments
Weather Request
Status Message
Invalid Coverage Area
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
AFCS
GPS Nav
Flight
Planning
The ground-based server halted the weather data request due
to excessive delays. Re-send data request.
The Iridium voice telephone has interrupted the weather data
request. Retry request when Iridium voice telephone is not in
use.
Procedures
Request Failed - Try
Again
Transfer Preempted
EIS
The Connext Data Request does not sufficiently define a
coverage area on which to retrieve weather data. Verify the
selections in the Connext Weather Coverage Window, then
issue another Connext Data Request.
No Connext Subscription The system is not currently subscribed to the Garmin Connext
Weather service, or the access code is incorrect. Verify the
access code. In the United States, contact Garmin at 1-866739-5687. Outside the United States, call 913-397-8200,
wait for the operator, and request extension 1135.
Reduce Request Area
The weather data request area exceeds size limits. Reduce
weather coverage area and re-send data request.
Request Cancelled
The user has cancelled a weather data request.
Hazard
Avoidance
Abnormal Weather Data Request Status Messages
Additional
Features
AIRBORNE WEATHER RADAR ANNUNCIATIONS
Center Banner Annunciation
Standby
STANDBY
STANDBY
Weather
WEATHER
None
Ground Mapping
GROUND MAPPING
None
Off
OFF
OFF
Radar Failed*
FAIL
RADAR FAIL
Annun/
Alerts
Radar Mode Annunciation
Box
Appendix
Index
Radar Modes on the Weather Radar Page
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
Abnormal
Operation
Radar Mode
127
Annunciations & Alerts
Flight
Instruments
Radar Antenna
Stabilization Status
STAB ON
EIS
STAB OFF
Antenna Stabilization Annunciations on the Weather Radar Page
Weather Radar
Page Center Banner
Description
Annunciation
BAD CONFIG
The radar configuration is invalid. The radar should be serviced.
RDR FAULT
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
STAB INOP
The radar unit is reporting a fault. The radar should be serviced.
The system is not receiving valid data from the radar unit. The
system should be serviced.
Procedures
RADAR FAIL
Abnormal Radar Status Annunciations on the Weather Radar Page
VOICE ALERTS
Voice Alert
Description
“Stall”
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Antenna stabilization is selected on.
Antenna stabilization is selected off.
The radar is not receiving pitch and roll information. The
antenna stabilization feature is inoperative.
Imminent stall is sensed by stall vane
“Airspeed”
Airspeed has exceeded VNE.
Abnormal
Operation
“Minimums, Minimums”
“Check Gear”
Played when a Traffic Advisory (TA) is issued with the TIS system.
Appendix
“Traffic, (distance, bearing,
altitude)”
Index
“Check Gear”
128
The aircraft has descended below the preset minimum descent
altitude
Landing gear are not down and locked
“Traffic”
Annun/
Alerts
Description
Played when a Traffic Advisory (TA) is issued with the optional
GTS 825/855 TAS/TCAS1 system. See the Hazard Avoidance
section for additional details on GTS 825/855 voice alerts.
Landing gear are not down and locked
“TAS System Test Passed”
Played when the optional GTS 825 traffic system passes a pilotinitiated self test.
“TAS System Test Failed”
Played when the optional GTS 825 traffic system fails a pilotinitiated self test.
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Annunciations & Alerts
Description
“TCAS One System Test
Passed”
Played when the optional GTS 855 traffic system passes a pilotinitiated self test.
ADS-B traffic system test is active. Does not indicate pass or fail.
“Vertical track”
Aircraft is one minute from Top of Descent. Issued only when
VNAV is enabled.
The aircraft is outside the Traffic Information Service (TIS)
coverage area.
“Timer Expired”
AFCS
“TIS Not Available”
Countdown timer on the PFD has reached zero.
Flight
Planning
Changing the audio alert voice:
1) Use the FMS Knob to select the AUX - System Setup Page.
Procedures
Press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
Hazard
Avoidance
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the voice in the Audio Alert Box.
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to display and highlight the desired voice and
press the ENT Key.
Additional
Features
FLIGHT PLAN IMPORT/EXPORT MESSAGES
In some circumstances, some messages may appear in conjunction with others.
Description
Abnormal
Operation
Flight Plan Import/Export
Results
The file stored on the SD card did not contain a flight plan,
only user waypoints. These waypoints have been saved to the
system user waypoints. No flight plans stored in the system
have been modified.
‘No flight plan files found to import.’
The SD card contains no flight plan data.
‘Flight plan import failed.’
Flight plan data was not successfully imported from the SD card.
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
129
Index
‘File contained user waypoints only.
User waypoints imported successfully. No stored flight plan data was
modified.’
Appendix
A flight plan file stored on the SD card was successfully
imported as a stored flight plan.
Annun/
Alerts
‘Flight plan successfully imported.’
190-01603-00 Rev. B
GPS Nav
The gender of the voice used to announce voice alerts may be set to male or
female on the System Setup Page.
2)
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
“Traffic System Test”
EIS
“TCAS One System Test Failed” Played when the optional GTS 855 traffic system fails a pilotinitiated self test.
Flight
Instruments
Voice Alert
Flight Plan Import/Export
Results
Some flight plan waypoints were successfully imported from
the SD card, however others had errors and were not imported.
A partial stored flight plan now exists in the system.
‘File contained user waypoints only.’
The file stored on the SD card did not contain a flight plan,
only user waypoints. One or more of these waypoints did not
import successfully.
‘Too many points. Flight plan truncated.’
The flight plan on the SD card contains more waypoints than
the system can support. The flight plan was imported with as
many waypoints as possible.
‘Some waypoints not loaded. Waypoints locked.’
The flight plan on the SD card contains one or more waypoints
that the system cannot find in the navigation database. The
flight plan has been imported, but must be edited within the
system before it can be activated for use.
‘User waypoint database full. Not all
loaded.’
The flight plan file on the SD card contains user waypoints.
The quantity of stored user waypoints has exceeded system
capacity, therefore not all the user waypoints on the SD card
have been imported. Any flight plan user waypoints that were
not imported are locked in the flight plan. The flight plan must
be edited within the system before it can be activated for use.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
AFCS
GPS Nav
Flight
Planning
Procedures
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
Abnormal
Operation
Annun/
Alerts
Appendix
Index
Description
‘Flight plan partially imported.’
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Annunciations & Alerts
‘One or more user waypoints renamed.’ One or more imported user waypoints were renamed when
imported due to naming conflicts with waypoints already
existing in the system.
‘Flight plan successfully exported.’
The stored flight plan was successfully exported to the SD card.
‘Flight plan export failed.’
The stored flight plan was not successfully exported to the SD
card. The SD card may not have sufficient available memory or
the card may have been removed prematurely.
PILOT PROFILE IMPORT/EXPORT MESSAGES
Pilot Profile Import/Export Results
Description
‘No pilot profile plan files found to import.’
Displayed if the SD card does not have one or
more valid pilot profile filenames.
‘Overwrite existing profile?’
Displayed if the profile name matches the name
of existing profile.
‘Profile name invalid. Enter a different profile
name.’
Displayed if the profile name is invalid.
130
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Annunciations & Alerts
Description
Flight
Instruments
Pilot Profile Import/Export Results
Displayed if the importing operation fails for any
other reason.
‘Pilot profile import succeeded.’
Displayed if the importing operation succeeds.
‘Overwrite existing file?’
Displayed if the filename matches the name of an
existing file on the SD card.
‘Pilot profile export failed.’
Displayed if the export operation fails.
‘Pilot profile export succeeded.’
Displayed if the export operation succeeds.
AFCS
‘Pilot profile import failed.’
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
The PFD and/or MFD self-test has detected a
problem. The system should be serviced.
Procedures
Abnormal
Operation
Annun/
Alerts
The PFD and/or MFD has incorrect software
installed. The system should be serviced.
Appendix
PFD1 SERVICE – PFD1 needs service.
Return unit for repair.
PFD2 SERVICE – PFD2 needs service.
Return unit for repair.
MFD1 SERVICE – MFD1 needs
service. Return unit for repair.
PFD1 MANIFEST – PFD1 software
mismatch, communication halted.
PFD2 MANIFEST – PFD2 software
mismatch, communication halted.
MFD1 MANIFEST – MFD1 software
mismatch, communication halted.
Flight
Planning
XTALK ERROR – A flight display
crosstalk error has occurred.
Comments
The pilot profile data was lost. System reverts
to default pilot profile and settings. The
pilot may reconfigure the MFD & PFDs with
preferred settings, if desired.
The MFD and PFDs are not communicating
with each other. The system should be
serviced.
GPS Nav
MFD & PFD MESSAGE ADVISORIES
Message
DATA LOST – Pilot stored data was
lost. Recheck settings.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Displayed if the maximum number for pilot
profiles has been reached.
EIS
‘All available pilot profiles in use. Delete a
profile before importing another.’
Index
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
131
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Annunciations & Alerts
Message
PFD1 CONFIG – PFD1 config error.
Config service req’d.
PFD2 CONFIG – PFD2 config error.
Config service req’d.
MFD1 CONFIG – MFD1 config error.
Config service req’d.
PFD1 SOFTWARE – PFD1 mismatch,
communication halted.
PFD2 SOFTWARE – PFD2 mismatch,
communication halted.
MFD1 SOFTWARE – MFD1 mismatch,
communication halted.
PFD1 COOLING – PFD1 has poor
cooling. Reducing power usage.
PFD2 COOLING – PFD2 has poor
cooling. Reducing power usage.
MFD1 COOLING – MFD1 has poor
cooling. Reducing power usage.
PFD1 KEYSTK – PFD1 [key name] Key
is stuck.
PFD2 KEYSTK – PFD2 [key name] Key
is stuck.
MFD1 KEYSTK – MFD [key name] Key
is stuck.
CNFG MODULE – PFD1 configuration
module is inoperative.
PFD1 VOLTAGE – PFD1 has low
voltage. Reducing power usage
PFD2 VOLTAGE – PFD2 has low
voltage. Reducing power usage
132
Comments
The PFD configuration settings do not match
backup configuration memory. The system
should be serviced.
The MFD configuration settings do not match
backup configuration memory. The system
should be serviced.
The specified GDU has different software
versions installed. The system should be
serviced.
The PFD and/or MFD is overheating and is
reducing power consumption by dimming
the display. If problem persists, the system
should be serviced.
A key is stuck on the PFD and/or MFD bezel.
Attempt to free the stuck key by pressing it
several times. The system should be serviced
if the problem persists.
The PFD1 configuration module backup
memory has failed. The system should be
serviced.
The PFD1 voltage is low. The system should
be serviced.
The PFD2 voltage is low. The system should
be serviced.
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Annunciations & Alerts
Additional
Features
Abnormal
Operation
Annun/
Alerts
Appendix
The terrain database is present on another
LRU, but is missing on the specified LRU.
Index
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
Hazard
Avoidance
The MFD and/or PFD detected a failure in the
terrain database. Ensure that the terrain card
is properly inserted in display. Replace terrain
card. If problem persists, the system should
be serviced.
Procedures
The MFD and/or PFD detected a failure in the
basemap database.
Flight
Planning
The MFD and/or PFD detected a failure in the
navigation database. Attempt to reload the
navigation database. If problem persists, the
system should be serviced.
GPS Nav
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Comments
AFCS
Message
MFD1 DB ERR – MFD1 navigation
database error exists.
PFD1 DB ERR – PFD1 navigation
database error exists.
PFD2 DB ERR – PFD2 navigation
database error exists.
MFD1 DB ERR – MFD1 basemap
database error exists.
PFD1 DB ERR – PFD1 basemap
database error exists.
PFD2 DB ERR – PFD2 basemap
database error exists.
MFD1 DB ERR – MFD1 terrain
database error exists.
PFD1 DB ERR – PFD1 terrain
database error exists.
PFD2 DB ERR – PFD2 terrain
database error exists.
MFD1 DB ERR – MFD1 terrain
database missing.
PFD1 DB ERR – PFD1 terrain
database missing.
PFD2 DB ERR – PFD2 terrain
database missing.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
DATABASE MESSAGE ADVISORIES
EIS
Comments
The MFD voltage is low. The system should
be serviced.
The PFD1, PFD2 and/or MFD backlight
calibration cannot be found or is invalid. The
system should be serviced.
Flight
Instruments
Message
MFD1 VOLTAGE – MFD1 has low
voltage. Reducing power usage
[PFD1, PFD2, or MFD1] BKLT CAL INV
– calibration lost or mismatch. Return
for repair.
133
Message
MFD1 DB ERR – MFD1 obstacle
database error exists.
PFD1 DB ERR – PFD1 obstacle
database error exists.
PFD2 DB ERR – PFD2 obstacle
database error exists.
MFD1 DB ERR – MFD1 obstacle
database missing.
PFD1 DB ERR – PFD1 obstacle
database missing.
PFD2 DB ERR – PFD2 obstacle
database missing.
MFD1 DB ERR – MFD1 airport terrain
database error exists.
PFD1 DB ERR – PFD1 airport terrain
database error exists.
PFD2 DB ERR – PFD2 airport terrain
database error exists.
MFD1 DB ERR – MFD1 airport terrain
database missing.
PFD1 DB ERR – PFD1 airport terrain
database missing.
PFD2 DB ERR – PFD2 airport terrain
database missing.
MFD1 DB ERR – MFD1 Safe Taxi
database error exists.
PFD1 DB ERR – PFD1 Safe Taxi
database error exists.
PFD2 DB ERR – PFD2 Safe Taxi
database error exists.
Comments
The MFD and/or PFD detected a failure in
the obstacle database. Ensure that the data
card is properly inserted. Replace data card.
If problem persists, the system should be
serviced.
The obstacle database is present on another
LRU, but is missing on the specified LRU.
The MFD and/or PFD detected a failure in
the airport terrain database. Ensure that the
data card is properly inserted. Replace data
card. If problem persists, the system should
be serviced.
The airport terrain database is present on
another LRU, but is missing on the specified
LRU.
The MFD and/or PFD detected a failure in
the Safe Taxi database. Ensure that the data
card is properly inserted. Replace data card.
If problem persists, the system should be
serviced.
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Annunciations & Alerts
134
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Annunciations & Alerts
EIS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
AFCS
GPS Nav
Flight
Planning
Procedures
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
Abnormal
Operation
Annun/
Alerts
Comments
The MFD detected a failure in the ChartView
database (optional feature). Ensure that the data
card is properly inserted. Replace data card. If
problem persists, the system should be serviced.
MFD1 DB ERR – MFD1 FliteCharts
The MFD detected a failure in the FliteCharts
database error exists.
database. Ensure that the data card is properly
inserted. Replace data card. If problem
persists, the system should be serviced.
MFD1 DB ERR – MFD1 Airport
The MFD detected a failure in the Airport
Directory database error exists.
Directory database. Ensure that the data card is
properly inserted. Replace data card. If problem
persists, the system should be serviced.
DB MISMATCH – Navigation
The PFDs and MFD have different navigation
database mismatch. Xtalk is off.
database versions or regions installed. Crossfill
is off. Check the AUX-SYSTEM STATUS Page
to determine versions or regions. Also, check
the AUX-SYSTEM STATUS Page for a database
synchronization function not completed. After
synchronization is complete, power must be
turned off, then on.
DB MISMATCH – Standby Navigation The PFDs and MFD have different standby
database mismatch.
navigation database versions or regions
installed. Check the AUX-SYSTEM STATUS
Page to determine versions or regions. Also,
check the AUX-SYSTEM STATUS Page for
a database synchronization function not
completed. After synchronization is complete,
power must be turned off, then on.
Flight
Instruments
Message
MFD1 DB ERR – MFD1 Chartview
database error exists.
Appendix
Index
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
135
Message
DB MISMATCH – Terrain database
mismatch.
DB MISMATCH – Obstacle database
mismatch.
DB MISMATCH – Airport Terrain
database mismatch.
Abnormal
Operation
TERRAIN DSP – [PFD1, PFD2 or
MFD1] Terrain awareness display
unavailable.
Comments
The PFDs and MFD have different terrain
database versions or regions installed.
Check the AUX-SYSTEM STATUS Page to
determine versions or regions. Also, check
the AUX-SYSTEM STATUS Page for a database
synchronization function not completed. After
synchronization is complete, power must be
turned off, then on.
The PFDs and MFD have different obstacle
database versions or regions installed.
Check the AUX-SYSTEM STATUS Page to
determine versions or regions. Also, check
the AUX-SYSTEM STATUS Page for a database
synchronization function not completed. After
synchronization is complete, power must be
turned off, then on.
The PFDs and MFD have different airport
terrain database versions or regions installed.
Check the AUX-SYSTEM STATUS Page to
determine versions or regions. Also, check
the AUX-SYSTEM STATUS Page for a database
synchronization function not completed. After
synchronization is complete, power must be
turned off, then on.
System has updated the active navigation
database from the standby navigation
database.
One of the terrain, airport terrain, or obstacle
databases required for TAWS in the specified
PFD or MFD is missing or invalid.
Index
Appendix
NAV DB UPDATED – Active
navigation database updated.
Annun/
Alerts
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Annunciations & Alerts
136
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Annunciations & Alerts
Additional
Features
Comments
Appendix
The GIA1 and/or GIA2 have an error in the
audio configuration. The system should be
serviced.
Annun/
Alerts
The GIA1 and/or GIA2 configuration settings
do not match backup configuration memory.
The system should be serviced.
Abnormal
Operation
Message
GIA1 CONFIG – GIA1 config error.
Config service req’d.
GIA2 CONFIG – GIA2 config error.
Config service req’d.
GIA1 CONFIG – GIA1 audio config
error. Config service req’d.
GIA2 CONFIG – GIA2 audio config
error. Config service req’d.
Hazard
Avoidance
GIA 63W MESSAGE ADVISORIES
Procedures
The audio panel self-test has detected a problem
in the unit. Certain audio functions may still be
available, and the audio panel may still be usable.
The system should be serviced when possible.
Flight
Planning
The audio panel has incorrect software installed.
The system should be serviced.
GPS Nav
The audio panel configuration settings do not
match backup configuration memory. The
system should be serviced.
AFCS
GMA1 CONFIG – GMA1 config error.
Config service req’d.
GMA2 CONFIG – GMA2 config error.
Config service req’d.
GMA1 MANIFEST – GMA1 software
mismatch, communication halted.
GMA2 MANIFEST – GMA2 software
mismatch, communication halted.
GMA1 SERVICE – GMA1 needs service.
Return unit for repair.
GMA2 SERVICE – GMA2 needs service.
Return unit for repair.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
GMA XTALK – GMA crosstalk error
has occurred.
Comments
The audio panel self-test has detected a
failure. The audio panel is unavailable. The
system should be serviced.
An error has occurred in transferring data
between the two GMAs. The system should
be serviced.
EIS
Message
GMA1 FAIL – GMA1 is inoperative.
GMA2 FAIL – GMA2 is inoperative.
Flight
Instruments
GMA 1347D MESSAGE ADVISORIES
Index
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
137
Message
GIA1 COOLING – GIA1 temperature
too low.
GIA2 COOLING – GIA2 temperature
too low.
GIA1 COOLING – GIA1 over
temperature.
GIA2 COOLING – GIA2 over
temperature.
GIA1 SERVICE – GIA1 needs service.
Return the unit for repair.
GIA2 SERVICE – GIA2 needs service.
Return the unit for repair.
G/S1 SERVICE – G/S1 needs service.
Return unit for repair.
G/S2 SERVICE – G/S2 needs service.
Return unit for repair.
HW MISMATCH – GIA hardware
mismatch. GIA1 communication halted.
HW MISMATCH – GIA hardware
mismatch. GIA2 communication halted.
GIA1 MANIFEST – GIA1 software
mismatch, communication halted.
GIA2 MANIFEST – GIA2 software
mismatch, communication halted.
MANIFEST – GFC software mismatch,
communication halted.
COM1 MANIFEST– COM1 software
mismatch, communication halted.
COM2 MANIFEST– COM2 software
mismatch, communication halted.
Comments
The GIA1 and/or GIA2 temperature is too low
to operate correctly. Allow units to warm up
to operating temperature.
The GIA1 and/or GIA2 temperature is too
high. If problem persists, the system should
be serviced.
The GIA1 and/or GIA2 self-test has detected
a problem in the unit. The system should be
serviced.
A failure has been detected in glideslope
receiver 1 and/or receiver 2. The receiver
may still be available. The system should be
serviced when possible.
A GIA mismatch has been detected, where
only one is SBAS capable.
The GIA1 and/or GIA 2 has incorrect software
installed. The system should be serviced.
Incorrect servo software is installed, or gain
settings are incorrect.
COM1 and/or COM2 software mismatch. The
G950 system should be serviced.
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Annunciations & Alerts
138
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Annunciations & Alerts
COM1 and/or COM2 configuration settings
do not match backup configuration memory.
The G950 system should be serviced.
Procedures
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
Abnormal
Operation
Appendix
Loss of GPS navigation due to GPS failure.
Annun/
Alerts
Loss of GPS navigation due to position error.
Index
Abort approach due to loss of GPS
navigation.
Vertical guidance generated by SBAS is
unavailable, use LNAV only minimums.
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
Flight
Planning
The COM1 and/or COM2 external push-to-talk
switch is stuck in the enable (or “pressed”)
position. Press the PTT switch again to cycle its
operation. If the problem persists, the system
should be serviced.
GPS integrity is insufficient for the current
phase of flight.
Loss of GPS navigation due to insufficient
satellites.
GPS Nav
The system has detected a failure in COM1
and/or COM2. COM1 and/or COM2 may
still be usable. The system should be serviced
when possible.
AFCS
The system has detected an over temperature
condition in COM1 and/or COM2. The
transmitter is operating at reduced power. If the
problem persists, the system should be serviced.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
190-01603-00 Rev. B
NAV1 and/or NAV2 software mismatch. The
G950 system should be serviced.
EIS
LOI – GPS integrity lost. Crosscheck
with other NAVS.
GPS NAV LOST – Loss of GPS
navigation. Insufficient satellites.
GPS NAV LOST – Loss of GPS
navigation. Position error.
GPS NAV LOST – Loss of GPS
navigation. GPS fail.
ABORT APR – Loss of GPS navigation.
Abort approach.
APR DWNGRADE – Approach
downgraded.
Comments
Flight
Instruments
Message
NAV1 MANIFEST– NAV1 software
mismatch, communication halted.
NAV2 MANIFEST– NAV2 software
mismatch, communication halted.
COM1 CONFIG – COM1 config error.
Config service req’d.
COM2 CONFIG– COM2 config error.
Config service req’d.
COM1 TEMP – COM1 over temp.
Reducing transmitter power.
COM2 TEMP – COM2 over temp.
Reducing transmitter power.
COM1 SERVICE – COM1 needs
service. Return unit for repair.
COM2 SERVICE – COM2 needs
service. Return unit for repair.
COM1 PTT – COM1 push-to-talk key
is stuck.
COM2 PTT – COM2 push-to-talk key
is stuck.
139
Message
TRUE APR – True north approach.
Change HDG reference to TRUE.
Comments
Displayed after passing the first waypoint of a
true north approach when the nav angle is set to
‘AUTO’.
GPS1 SERVICE – GPS1 needs service.
A failure has been detected in the GPS1 and/
Return unit for repair.
or GPS2 receiver. The receiver may still be
GPS2 SERVICE – GPS2 needs service. available. The system should be serviced.
Return unit for repair.
GPS1 FAIL – GPS1 is inoperative.
A failure has been detected in GPS receiver #1
and/or GPS receiver #2. The system should be
GPS2 FAIL – GPS2 is inoperative.
serviced.
NAV1 SERVICE – NAV1 needs service.
A failure has been detected in the NAV1 and/
Return unit for repair.
or NAV2 receiver. The receiver may still be
NAV2 SERVICE – NAV2 needs service. available. The system should be serviced.
Return unit for repair.
G/S1 FAIL – G/S1 is inoperative.
A failure has been detected in glideslope
receiver 1 and/or receiver 2. The system
G/S2 FAIL – G/S2 is inoperative.
should be serviced.
FAILED PATH – A data path has
failed.
COM1 RMT XFR – COM1 remote
transfer key is stuck.
COM2 RMT XFR – COM2 remote
transfer key is stuck.
NAV1 RMT XFR – NAV1 remote
transfer key is stuck.
NAV2 RMT XFR – NAV2 remote
transfer key is stuck.
A data path connected to the GDU or the GIA
63/W has failed.
The COM1 and/or COM2 transfer switch is
stuck in the enabled (or “pressed”) position.
Press the transfer switch again to cycle its
operation. If the problem persists, the system
should be serviced.
The remote NAV1 and/or NAV2 transfer
switch is stuck in the enabled (or “pressed”)
state. Press the transfer switch again to cycle
its operation. If the problem persists, the
system should be serviced.
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Annunciations & Alerts
140
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Annunciations & Alerts
Message
Comments
Additional
Features
The transponder has incorrect software
installed. The system should be serviced.
Hazard
Avoidance
The transponder configuration settings do not
match those of backup configuration memory.
The system should be serviced.
Procedures
Annun/
Alerts
Appendix
The #1 transponder should be serviced when
possible.
The #2 transponder should be serviced when
possible.
There is no communication with the #1
transponder.
There is no communication with the #2
transponder.
Abnormal
Operation
XPDR2 FAIL – XPDR2 is inoperative.
Flight
Planning
Message
XPDR1 CONFIG – XPDR1 config error.
Config service req’d.
XPDR2 CONFIG – XPDR2 config error.
Config service req’d.
MANIFEST – GTX1 software
mismatch, communication halted.
MANIFEST – GTX2 software
mismatch, communication halted.
XPDR1 SRVC – XPDR1 needs service.
Return unit for repair.
XPDR2 SRVC – XPDR2 needs service.
Return unit for repair.
XPDR1 FAIL – XPDR1 is inoperative.
GPS Nav
GTX 33 w/ES MESSAGE ADVISORIES
AFCS
MANIFEST – GEA1 software
mismatch, communication halted.
MANIFEST – GEA2 software
mismatch, communication halted.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
GEA2 CONFIG – GEA2 config error.
Config service req’d.
EIS
GEA1 CONFIG – GEA1 config error.
Config service req’d.
Comments
The GEA1 configuration settings do not
match those of backup configuration memory.
The system should be serviced.
The GEA2 configuration settings do not
match those of backup configuration memory.
The system should be serviced.
The #1 GEA 71 has incorrect software
installed. The system should be serviced.
The #2 GEA 71 has incorrect software
installed. The system should be serviced.
Flight
Instruments
GEA 71 MESSAGE ADVISORIES
Index
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
141
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Annunciations & Alerts
Message
XPDR1 ADS-B FAIL – XPDR1 is
unable to transmit ADS-B messages.
XPDR2 ADS-B FAIL – XPDR2 is
unable to transmit ADS-B messages.
Comments
ADS-B is inoperative. The transponder may
not be receiving a valid GPS position. Other
transponder functions may be available.
Service when possible.
GRS 77 MESSAGE ADVISORIES
Message
AHRS1 TAS – AHRS1 not receiving
valid airspeed.
AHRS2 TAS – AHRS2 not receiving
valid airspeed.
AHRS1 GPS – AHRS1 using backup
GPS source.
AHRS2 GPS – AHRS2 using backup
GPS source.
AHRS1 GPS – AHRS1 not receiving
any GPS information.
AHRS2 GPS – AHRS2 not receiving
any GPS information.
AHRS1 GPS – AHRS1 not receiving
backup GPS information.
AHRS2 GPS – AHRS2 not receiving
backup GPS information.
AHRS1 GPS – AHRS1 operating
exclusively in no-GPS mode.
142
Comments
The #1 AHRS is not receiving true airspeed
from the air data computer. The AHRS relies
on GPS information to augment the lack of
airspeed. The system should be serviced.
The #2 AHRS is not receiving true airspeed
from the air data computer. The AHRS relies
on GPS information to augment the lack of
airspeed. The system should be serviced.
The #1 AHRS is using the backup GPS path.
Primary GPS path has failed. The system
should be serviced when possible.
The #2 AHRS is using the backup GPS path.
Primary GPS path has failed. The system
should be serviced when possible.
The #1 AHRS is not receiving any or any
useful GPS information. Check AFMS
limitations. The system should be serviced.
The #2 AHRS is not receiving any or any
useful GPS information. Check AFMS
limitations. The system should be serviced.
The #1 AHRS is not receiving backup GPS
information. The system should be serviced.
The #2 AHRS is not receiving backup GPS
information. The system should be serviced.
The #1 AHRS is operating exclusively in noGPS mode. The system should be serviced.
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Annunciations & Alerts
GPS Nav
Flight
Planning
Procedures
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
Abnormal
Operation
Annun/
Alerts
Appendix
Index
143
AFCS
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
190-01603-00 Rev. B
EIS
Comments
The #2 AHRS is operating exclusively in noGPS mode. The system should be serviced.
The #1 AHRS and #2 AHRS magnetic model
database versions do not match.
The #1 AHRS earth magnetic field model is out
of date. Update magnetic field model when
practical.
AHRS2 SRVC – AHRS2 Magnetic-field The #2 AHRS earth magnetic field model is out
model needs update.
of date. Update magnetic field model when
practical.
GEO LIMITS – AHRS1 too far North/
The aircraft is outside geographical limits
South, no magnetic compass.
for approved AHRS operation. Heading is
GEO LIMITS – AHRS2 too far North/ flagged as invalid.
South, no magnetic compass.
MANIFEST – GRS1 software
The #1 AHRS has incorrect software installed.
mismatch, communication halted.
The system should be serviced.
MANIFEST – GRS2 software
The #2 AHRS has incorrect software installed.
mismatch, communication halted.
The system should be serviced.
AHRS1 SERVICE – AHRS1 needs
A failure has been detected in the #1 AHRS.
service. Return unit for repair.
The system should be serviced.
AHRS2 SERVICE – AHRS2 needs
A failure has been detected in the #2 AHRS.
service. Return unit for repair.
The system should be serviced.
AHRS1 CONFIG – AHRS1 config error. AHRS configuration settings do not match
Config service req’d.
those of backup configuration memory. The
system should be serviced.
AHRS2 CONFIG – AHRS2 config error. AHRS configuration settings do not match
Config service req’d.
those of backup configuration memory. The
system should be serviced.
AHRS1 CAL – AHRS1 calibration version The #1 AHRS calibration version error. The system
error. Srvc req’d.
should be serviced.
AHRS2 CAL – AHRS2 calibration version The #2 AHRS calibration version error. The system
error. Srvc req’d.
should be serviced.
Flight
Instruments
Message
AHRS2 GPS – AHRS2 operating
exclusively in no-GPS mode.
AHRS MAG DB – AHRS magnetic
model database version mismatch.
AHRS1 SRVC – AHRS1 Magnetic-field
model needs update.
GMU 44 MESSAGE ADVISORIES
Message
HDG FAULT – AHRS1 magnetometer
fault has occurred.
HDG FAULT – AHRS2 magnetometer
fault has occurred.
MANIFEST – GMU1 software
mismatch, communication halted.
MANIFEST – GMU2 software
mismatch, communication halted.
Index
Comments
A fault has occurred in the #1 GMU 44.
Heading is flagged as invalid. The AHRS uses
GPS for backup mode operation. The system
should be serviced.
A fault has occurred in the #2 GMU 44.
Heading is flagged as invalid. The AHRS uses
GPS for backup mode operation. The system
should be serviced.
The GMU 44 has incorrect software installed.
The system should be serviced.
GDL 69/69A/69 SXM/69A SXM MESSAGE ADVISORIES
Message
Comments
GDL 69/69A/69 SXM/69A SXM configuration
GDL69 CONFIG – GDL 69 config
settings do not match those of backup
error. Config service req’d.
configuration memory. The system should be
serviced.
A failure has been detected in the GDL
GDL69 FAIL – GDL 69 has failed.
69/69A/69 SXM/69A SXM. The receiver is
unavailable. The system should be serviced
The GDL 69/69A/69 SXM/69A SXM has
MANIFEST – GDL software mismatch,
incorrect software installed. The system
communication halted.
should be serviced.
GWX 70 MESSAGE ADVISORIES (OPTIONAL)
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Annunciations & Alerts
Message
GWX CONFIG – GWX config error.
Config service req’d.
144
Comments
GWX 70 configuration settings do not match
those of the GDU configuration. The system
should be serviced.
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Annunciations & Alerts
GWX FAIL – GWX is inoperative.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
AFCS
GPS Nav
WX ALERT – Possible severe weather
ahead.
EIS
GWX SERVICE – Needs service.
Return unit for repair.
MANIFEST – GWX software
mismatch, communication halted.
Comments
The GDU is not recieving status packet from
the GWX 70 or the GWX 70 is reporting a
fault. The GWX 70 radar system should be
serviced.
A failure has been detected in the GWX 70.
The GWX 70 may still be usable.
The GWX 70 has incorrect software installed.
The system should be serviced.
The GWX 70 indicates severe weather within
±10 degrees of the aircraft heading at a
range of 80 to 320 nm.
Flight
Instruments
Message
GDC 74A/B MESSAGE ADVISORIES
Flight
Planning
Comments
GDC1 or GDC2 is reporting that the altitude
error correction is unavailable.
Procedures
Hazard
Avoidance
GDC1 or GDC2 is reporting that the airspeed
error correction is unavailable.
Abnormal
Operation
The GDC1 should be serviced..
Additional
Features
The GDC2 should be serviced..
Annun/
Alerts
The GDC1 or GDC 2 has incorrect software
installed. The system should be serviced.
Appendix
Message
ADC1 ALT EC – ADC1 altitude error
correction is unavailable.
ADC2 ALT EC – ADC2 altitude error
correction is unavailable.
ADC1 AS EC – ADC1 airspeed error
correction is unavailable.
ADC2 AS EC – ADC2 airspeed error
correction is unavailable.
ADC1 SERVICE – ADC1 needs service.
Return unit for repair.
ADC2 SERVICE – ADC2 needs service.
Return unit for repair.
GDC1 MANIFEST – GDC1 software
mismatch, communication halted.
GDC2 MANIFEST – GDC2 software
mismatch, communication halted.
Index
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
145
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Annunciations & Alerts
GCU 476 MESSAGE ADVISORIES
Message
GCU CNFG – GCU Config error.
Config service req’d.
GCU FAIL – GCU is inoperative.
GCU1 MANIFEST – GCU software
mismatch, communication halted.
GCU KEYSTK – GCU [key name] Key
is stuck.
Comments
GCU 476 configuration settings do not match
those of backup configuration memory. The
system should be serviced.
A failure has been detected in the GCU 476.
The GCU 476 is unavailable.
The GCU 476 has incorrect software installed.
The system should be serviced.
A key is stuck on the GCU 476 bezel.
Attempt to free the stuck key by pressing it
several times. The system should be serviced
if the problem persists.
GTS 825/855 MESSAGE ADVISORIES (OPTIONAL)
Message Advisory
GTS CONFIG – GTS Config error.
Config service req'd.
Comments
The GTS and GDU have incompatible
configurations. This alert is also set when
the GTS has an invalid mode S address
configured or the mode S address does not
match both XPDR mode S addresses.
MANIFEST – GTS software mismatch, The GTS has incorrect software installed. The
communication halted.
system should be serviced.
GDL 88 MESSAGE ADVISORIES (OPTIONAL)
Message
GDL88 ADS-B 1090 - ADS-B fault.
1090 receiver failure.
Comments
GDL88 ADS-B NO POS - GDL88 is
not receiving position information.
GDL88 ADS-B NO TX - GDL88
Failure
GDL88 ADS-B TRFC - GDL 88 ADS-B
traffic has failed
The GDL 88 is not able to receive position
information.
146
A failure has been detected in the 1090 receiver.
Unable to transmit GDL 88 messages.
The GDL 88 is incapable of processing traffic
information.
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Annunciations & Alerts
Comments
Flight
Instruments
Message
GDL88 ADS-B UAT - ADS-B fault.
UAT receiver failure.
A failure has been detected in the UAT receiver.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
AFCS
GDL 88 ADS-B Conflict Situational Awareness
(CSA) is unavailable.
GPS Nav
The PFD has lost connection with the GDL 88.
Flight
Planning
The GDL 88 is not receiving pressure altitude
data.
Procedures
Return unit for repair.
The GDL 88 is not receiving transponder code.
The transponder should be in ALT mode when
airborne.
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
GDL88 CSA FAIL - GDL88 CSA
FAIL - ADS-B Airborne alerts failure.
GDL88 FAIL - Unable to transmit
ADS-B messages.
GDL88 PRES ALT - GDL88 is not
receiving pressure altitude.
GDL88 SERVICE – GDL88 needs
service.
GDL88 XPDR - GDL88 not
receiving XPDR code. Check XPDR
mode.
TCAS FAIL - TCAS system is
inoperative.
EIS
GDL88 ANTENNA - GDL 88 Antenna
The GDL 88 Antenna has failed.
fault
GDL88 CONFIG – GDL88 config error. The GDL 88 and GDU have incompatible
configurations. This alert is also set when
the GDL 88 has an invalid mode S address
configured or the mode S address does not
match both XPDR mode S addresses.
The TCAS or TAS system is not operational.
Abnormal
Operation
GSR 56 MESSAGE ADVISORIES (OPTIONAL)
Appendix
MANIFEST – GSR1 software mismatch,
communication halted.
Comments
A failure has been detected in GSR1.
The system should be serviced.
The GSR1 has incorrect software
installed. The system should be
serviced.
Annun/
Alerts
Message
GSR1 FAIL – GSR1 has failed.
Index
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
147
GRA 5500 MESSAGE ADVISORIES (OPTIONAL)
Message
GRA1 CONFIG – GRA1 config error.
Config service req’d.
GRA1 SERVICE – GRA1 needs
service. Return unit for repair.
GRA1 CAL – GRA1 calibration error.
Service req’d.
GRA1 TEMP – GRA1 over
temperature.
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Annunciations & Alerts
Comments
The GRA configuration settings do not match
those of backup configuration memory. The
system should be serviced.
A failure has been detected in the GRA. The
system should be serviced.
A calibration error has been detected in the GRA.
The system should be serviced.
The GRA temperature is too high. If the problem
persists, the system should be serviced.
MISCELLANEOUS MESSAGE ADVISORIES
Message
Comments
FPL WPT LOCK – Flight plan waypoint Upon power-up, the system detects that a
is locked.
stored flight plan waypoint is locked. This
occurs when an navigation database update
eliminates an obsolete waypoint. The flight
plan cannot find the specified waypoint and
flags this message. This can also occur with
user waypoints in a flight plan that is deleted.
Remove the waypoint from the flight plan if it
no longer exists in any database,
Or
Update the waypoint name/identifier to
reflect the new information.
FPL WPT MOVE – Flight plan
The system has detected that a waypoint
waypoint moved.
coordinate has changed due to a new
navigation database update. Verify that
stored flight plans contain correct waypoint
locations.
TIMER EXPIRD – Timer has expired.
The system notifies the pilot that the timer
has expired.
148
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Annunciations & Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Annun/
Alerts
Appendix
Index
149
Additional
Features
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
Hazard
Avoidance
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Procedures
ARSPC NEAR – Airspace near and
ahead.
Flight
Planning
INSIDE ARSPC – Inside airspace.
ARSPC AHEAD – Airspace ahead less
than 10 minutes.
GPS Nav
WPT ARRIVAL – Arriving at waypoint
-[xxxx]
STEEP TURN – Steep turn ahead.
AFCS
LOCKED FPL – Cannot navigate
locked flight plan.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
FPL TRUNC – Flight plan has been
truncated.
EIS
DB CHANGE – Database changed.
Verify stored airways.
Comments
This occurs when a stored flight plan contains
an airway that is no longer consistent with
the navigation database. This alert is issued
only after an navigation database update.
Verify that the user-modified procedures in
stored flight plans are correct and up to date.
This occurs when a stored flight plan contains
an airway that is no longer consistent with
the navigation database. This alert is issued
only after an navigation database update.
Verify use of airways in stored flight plans
and reload airways as needed.
This occurs when a newly installed navigation
database eliminates an obsolete approach
or arrival used by a stored flight plan. The
obsolete procedure is removed from the flight
plan. Update flight plan with current arrival
or approach.
This occurs when the pilot attempts to
activate a stored flight plan that contains
locked waypoint. Remove locked waypoint
from flight plan. Update flight plan with
current waypoint.
Arriving at waypoint [xxxx], where [xxxx] is
the waypoint name.
A steep turn is 15 seconds ahead. Prepare
to turn.
The aircraft is inside the airspace.
Special use airspace is ahead of aircraft. The
aircraft will penetrate the airspace within 10
minutes.
Special use airspace is near and ahead of the
aircraft position.
Flight
Instruments
Message
DB CHANGE – Database changed.
Verify user modified procedures.
Message
ARSPC NEAR – Airspace near – less
than 2 nm.
APPR INACTV – Approach is not
active.
SLCT FREQ – Select appropriate
frequency for approach.
SLCT NAV – Select NAV on CDI for
approach.
PTK FAIL – Parallel track unavailable:
bad geometry.
PTK FAIL – Parallel track unavailable:
invalid leg type.
PTK FAIL – Parallel track unavailable:
past IAF.
UNABLE V WPT – Can’t reach current
vertical waypoint.
VNV – Unavailable. Unsupported leg
type in flight plan.
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Annunciations & Alerts
VNV – Unavailable. Excessive
crosstrack error.
VNV – Unavailable. Excessive track
angle error.
150
Comments
Special use airspace is within 2 nm of the
aircraft position.
The system notifies the pilot that the loaded
approach is not active. Activate approach
when required.
The system notifies the pilot to load the
approach frequency for the appropriate NAV
receiver. Select the correct frequency for the
approach.
The system notifies the pilot to set the CDI to
the correct NAV receiver. Set the CDI to the
correct NAV receiver.
Bad parallel track geometry.
Invalid leg type for parallel offset.
IAF waypoint for parallel offset has been
passed.
The current vertical waypoint can not be
reached within the maximum flight path
angle and vertical speed constraints. The
system automatically transitions to the next
vertical waypoint.
The lateral flight plan contains a procedure
turn, vector, or other unsupported leg type
prior to the active vertical waypoint. This
prevents vertical guidance to the active
vertical waypoint.
The current crosstrack exceeds the limit,
causing vertical deviation to go invalid.
The current track angle error exceeds the
limit, causing the vertical deviation to go
invalid.
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Annunciations & Alerts
GPS Nav
Flight
Planning
Procedures
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
Abnormal
Operation
Annun/
Alerts
Appendix
Index
151
AFCS
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
190-01603-00 Rev. B
EIS
Comments
A parallel course has been selected, causing
the vertical deviation to go invalid.
The position of the selected waypoint [xxxx]
is not calculated based on the WGS84 map
reference datum and may be positioned
in error as displayed. Do not use GPS
to navigate to the selected non-WGS84
waypoint.
TRAFFIC FAIL – Traffic device has
The system is no longer receiving data from
failed.
the traffic system. The traffic device should
be serviced.
STRMSCP FAIL – Stormscope has
Stormscope has failed. The system should be
failed.
serviced.
FAILED PATH – A data path has failed. A data path connected to the GDU, GDL 69,
or the GIA 63W has failed.
MAG VAR WARN – Large magnetic
The GDU’s internal model cannot determine
variance. Verify all course angles.
the exact magnetic variance for geographic
locations near the magnetic poles. Displayed
magnetic course angles may differ from the
actual magnetic heading by more than 2°.
SVT – Out of available terrain region. Synthetic Vision is disabled because the
aircraft is not within the boundaries of the
installed terrain database.
SVT – Terrain DB resolution too low.
Synthetic Vision is disabled because a terrain
database of sufficient resolution (9 arcsecond or better) is not currently installed.
SCHEDULER [#] – <message>.
Message criteria entered by the user.
CHECK CRS – Database course for
Selected course for LOC1 differs from
LOC1 / [LOC ID] is [CRS]°.
published localizer course by more than 10
degrees.
CHECK CRS – Database course for
Selected course for LOC2 differs from
LOC2 / [LOC ID] is [CRS]°.
published localizer course by more than 10
degrees.
Flight
Instruments
Message
VNV – Unavailable. Parallel course
selected.
NON WGS84 WPT – Do not use GPS
navigation to [xxxx].
Message
Comments
[PFD1, PFD2, or MFD1] CARD 1 REM The SD card was removed from the top card
– Card 1 was removed. Reinsert card. slot of the specified PFD or MFD. The SD card
needs to be reinserted.
[PFD1, PFD2, or MFD1] CARD 2 REM The SD card was removed from the bottom
– Card 2 was removed. Reinsert card. card slot of the specified PFD or MFD. The SD
card needs to be reinserted.
[PFD1, PFD2, or MFD1] CARD 1 ERR The SD card in the top card slot of the
– Card 1 is invalid.
specified PFD or MFD contains invalid data.
[PFD1, PFD2, or MFD1] CARD 2 ERR The SD card in the bottom card slot of the
– Card 2 is invalid.
specified PFD or MFD contains invalid data.
TRN AUD FAIL – Trn Awareness audio The audio source for terrain awareness is
source unavailable.
offline. Check GIA1 or GIA 2.
TERRAIN AUD CFG – Trn Awareness Terrain audio alerts are not configured
audio config error. Service req’d.
properly. The system should be serviced
XPDR 1 CRTL FAIL – XPDR1 not
Transponder 1 cannot be controlled because the
receiving control information.
transponder is not receiving control information.
The system should be serviced.
NO NAV CAPTURE – Intercept angle The Localizer or Localizer Back Course was not
too large for LOC/BC capture.
captured because the intercept angle was too
large.
HOLD EXPIRED – Holding EFC time
Expect Further Clearance (EFC) time has
expired.
expired for the User Defined Hold.
BARO MISMATCH – Correct baro
Altimeter setting is not the same on PFD1 and
mismatch for VNAV guidance.
PFD2. Synchronize settings for VNAV guidance.
TERRAIN DISABLED – Terrain
TAWS is disabled because a terrain database of
Awareness DB resolution too low.
sufficient resolution (9 arc-second or better) is
not currently installed.
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Annunciations & Alerts
152
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Appendix
Flight
Instruments
APPENDIX
PFD SOFTKEY MAP
EIS
(optional)
DME
CAS
ALERTS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
AFCS
GPS Nav
Top Level PFD Softkeys
(optional)
DME
CAS
ALERTS
Flight
Planning
Select the BACK Softkey on this level to
return to the top softkey level.
CAS ↓
BACK
Procedures
CAS ↑
ALERTS
Level 1
Level 2
Hazard
Avoidance
CAS Softkeys
Description
CAS ↑
Annun/
Alerts
ALERTS
Abnormal
Operation
CAS ↓
Scroll up (Displayed only when a sufficient number
of items are displayed in the Crew Alerting System
Display to warrant scrolling)
Scroll down (Displayed only when a sufficient
number of items are displayed in the Crew Alerting
System Display to warrant scrolling)
Displays the Alerts Window
Additional
Features
Displays the scroll up and scroll down softkeys.
CAS
Appendix
Index
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
153
Appendix
Flight
Instruments
INSET
(optional)
EIS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
OFF
DCLTR
WX LGND
TOPO
DCLTR-1
TRFC-1
DCLTR-2
TRFC-2
AFCS
DCLTR-3
GPS Nav
PRECIP (optional)
or
NEXRAD-B DL LTNG
(optional)
or
or
TERRAIN STRMSCP NEXRAD-C XM LTNG METAR
(optional)
NEXRAD-C
(US/RGNL only
avail with
FIS-B weather)
BACK
ALERTS
Press the BACK Softkey to return
to the top-level softkeys.
US
RGNL
INSET Map Softkeys
Level 1
Level 2
Displays Inset Map in PFD lower left corner
INSET
Flight
Planning
Description
OFF
Removes Inset Map
TERRAIN
Displays terrain information on Inset Map
STRMSCP
Displays Stormscope weather and coverage
information on the Inset Map (optional)
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
DCLTR (3) Selects desired amount of map detail; cycles
through declutter levels:
DCLTR (No Declutter): All map features visible
DCLTR-1: Declutters land data
DCLTR-2: Declutters land and SUA data
DCLTR-3: Removes everything except the active
flight plan
WX LGND Displays icon and age on the Inset Map for the
selected weather products (optional)
Cycles through traffic display options:
TRAFFIC
TRFC-1: Traffic displayed on inset map
TRFC-2: Traffic Map Page is displayed in the inset
map window
Displays topographical data (e.g., coastlines, terrain,
TOPO
rivers, lakes) and elevation scale on Inset Map
154
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Appendix
Level 2
Description
NEXRAD-B
Displays NEXRAD-B weather and coverage on Inset Map
(optional GDL 69/ 69A/69 SXM/ 69A SXM only
or
Flight
Planning
Procedures
Hazard
Avoidance
METAR
Additional
Features
Displays Connext Worldwide Weather lightning
information on Inset Map (optional)
Displays METAR flags on airport symbols shown on
the Inset Map (optional)
GPS Nav
DL LTNG
AFCS
NEXRAD-C Displays NEXRAD-C weather and coverage on Inset Map
(optional GDL 69/ 69A/69 SXM/ 69A SXM and GDL 88
only)
When the GDL 88 is installed, softkey cycles through
NEXRAD-C weather and additional coverage options on
Inset Map:
US: Continental US NEXRAD-C weather displayed on
Inset Map
RGNL: Regional NEXRAD-C weather displayed on
Inset Map
Displays SiriusXM lightning information on Inset Map
XM LTNG
(optional)
or
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
or
Displays Connext precipitation on Inset Map (optional
GSR 56 only)
EIS
PRECIP
Flight
Instruments
Level 1
Abnormal
Operation
Annun/
Alerts
Appendix
Index
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
155
Appendix
Flight
Instruments
(optional)
DME
ADC2
AHRS1
BACK
AHRS2
ALERTS
EIS
ADC1
ALERTS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Select the BACK Softkey to
return to the top level softkeys.
Sensor Softkeys
Level 2
Flight
Planning
Procedures
Description
ADC1
Displays softkeys for selecting the #1 and #2 AHRS
and Air Data Computers
Selects the #1 Air Data Computer
ADC2
Selects the #2 Air Data Computer
AHRS1
Selects the #1 AHRS
AHRS2
Selects the #2 AHRS
SENSOR
GPS Nav
AFCS
Level 1
(optional)
DME
Hazard
Avoidance
CAS
(optional)
DME
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
SYN VIS
NAV1
NAV2
GPS
GPS
OFF
OFF
Select the BACK Softkey
to return to the top-level softkeys
BACK
ARC HSI
IN
HPA
Appendix
METERS
ALERTS
ALT UNIT
HSI FMT
360 HSI
Annun/
Alerts
ALERTS
ALERTS
ALERTS
ALERTS
Index
PATHWAY
SYN TERR HRZN HDG APTSIGNS
ALERTS
PFD Configuration Softkeys
156
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Appendix
Level 2
Level 3
PFD
Abnormal
Operation
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
157
Index
Cycles the Bearing 1 Information
Window through NAV1 or GPS/
waypoint identifier and GPS-derived
distance information.
Displays the HSI formatting softkeys
Displays the HSI in a 360 degree format
Displays the HSI in an arc format
Appendix
BRG1
Annun/
Alerts
Displays/removes the DME Information
Window (optional)
360 HSI
ARC HSI
Additional
Features
DME
HSI FRMT
Hazard
Avoidance
OFF
Wind direction arrow with direction
and speed
Information not displayed
Procedures
OPTN 3
Flight
Planning
WIND
GPS Nav
DFLTS
HRZN HDG Displays compass heading along the
Zero-Pitch line
APTSIGNS Displays position markers for airports
within approximately 15 nm of the
current aircraft position. Airport
identifiers are displayed when the
airport is within approximately 9 nm.
Resets PFD to default settings, including
changing units to standard
Displays softkeys to select wind data
parameters
Wind direction arrows with headwind
OPTN 1
and crosswind components
Wind direction arrow and speed
OPTN 2
AFCS
SYN TERR
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
PATHWAY
Displays second-level softkeys for
additional PFD configurations
Displays the softkeys for enabling or
disabling Synthetic Vision features
Displays rectangular boxes representing
the horizontal and vertical flight path of
the active flight plan
Enables synthetic terrain depiction
EIS
SYN VIS
Description
Flight
Instruments
Level 1
Level 1
Level 2
Level 3
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
ALT UNIT
Procedures
Flight
Planning
STD BARO
Description
Cycles the Bearing 2 Information
Window through NAV2 or GPS/
waypoint identifier and GPS-derived
distance information.
Displays softkeys for setting the altimeter
and BARO settings to metric units
BRG2
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Appendix
METERS
When enabled, displays altimeter in
meters
IN
Select to display the BARO setting as
inches of mercury
HPA
Select to display the BARO setting as
hectopacals
Sets altimeter setting to standard
barometric pressure
(optional)
DME
Hazard
Avoidance
CAS
ALERTS
Press the BACK Softkey to return
to the top-level softkeys.
Additional
Features
ALERTS
Selecting BACK returns to the previous softkey level.
Abnormal
Operation
ALERTS
Level 1
Level 2
STBY
ON
158
Description
Displays transponder mode selection softkeys
XPDR
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Transponder Softkeys
Selects Standby Mode (transponder does not reply
to any interrogations)
Selects Mode A (transponder replies to
interrogations)
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Appendix
Level 2
Description
Removes numbers entered, one at a time
Displays Nearest Airports Window
Procedures
NRST
Flight
Planning
TMR/REF
Activates the Special Position Identification (SPI)
pulse for 18 seconds, identifying the transponder
return on the ATC screen
Displays Timer/References Window
IDENT
GPS Nav
BKSP
AFCS
Use numbers to enter code
VFR
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
0—7
GND
EIS
CODE
Selects Mode C – Altitude Reporting Mode
(transponder replies to identification and altitude
interrogations)
Manually selects Ground Mode, the transponder
does not allow Mode A and Mode C replies, but
it does permit acquisition squitter and replies to
discretely addressed Mode S interrogations.
Automatically enters the VFR code (1200 in the
U.S.A. only)
Displays transponder code selection softkeys 0-7
ALT
Flight
Instruments
Level 1
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
Abnormal
Operation
Annun/
Alerts
Appendix
Index
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
159
Flight
Instruments
Appendix
MFD SOFTKEY MAP
ENGINE
DCLTR
MAP
SHW CHRT
EIS
DCLTR
DCLTR-1
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
DCLTR-2
(optional)
PROFILE
TOPO
TERRAIN
DCLTR-3
(optional) (optional)
METAR
GPS Nav
AFCS
TRAFFIC
PRECIP (optional)
or
DL LTNG
(optional) NEXRAD-B
or
or
AIRWAYS STRMSCP NEXRAD-C XM LTNG
AIRWAYS
NEXRAD-C
AIRWY ON
US
AIRWY LO
LEGEND
BACK
Press the BACK softkey to
return to the top-level softkeys.
(US/RGNL only
avail with
FIS-B weather)
RGNL
MFD Softkeys
Level 1
Level 2
PROFILE
Displays/removes Profile View on Navigation
Map Page
Displays topographical data (e.g., coastlines,
terrain, rivers, lakes) and elevation scale on
Navigation Map
Displays terrain information on Navigation Map
Additional
Features
Displays traffic information on Navigation Map
Abnormal
Operation
TRAFFIC
TOPO
TERRAIN
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
AIRWAYS
160
Description
Displays the full screen Engine Page
Enables second-level Navigation Map softkeys
ENGINE
MAP
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
AIRWY HI
Displays airways on the map; cycles through the
following:
AIRWAYS: No airways are displayed
AIRWY ON: All airways are displayed
AIRWY LO: Only low altitude airways
displayed
AIRWY HI: Only high altitude airways are
displayed
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Appendix
Level 2
Description
Appendix
Index
161
Annun/
Alerts
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
Abnormal
Operation
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Additional
Features
SHW CHRT
Selects desired amount of map detail; cycles
through declutter levels:
DCLTR (No Declutter): All map features visible
DCLTR-1: Declutters land data
DCLTR-2: Declutters land and SUA data
DCLTR-3: Removes everything except the
active flight plan
When available, displays optional airport and
terminal procedure charts
Hazard
Avoidance
DCLTR (3)
Procedures
BACK
Flight
Planning
LEGEND
GPS Nav
METAR
Displays Connext Worldwide Weather lightning
information on the Navigation Map (optional)
Displays METAR flags on airport symbols shown
on the Navigation Map (optional)
Displays the legend for the selected weather
products. Available only when NEXRAD, XM
LTNG, and/or METAR softkeys are selected.
Returns to top-level softkeys
AFCS
DL LTNG
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
NEXRAD-C Displays NEXRAD-C weather and coverage on Inset
Map (optional GDL 69/ 69A/69 SXM/ 69A SXM and
GDL 88 only)
When the GDL 88 is installed, softkey cycles through
NEXRAD-C weather and additional coverage options
on Inset Map:
US: Continental US NEXRAD-C weather displayed
on Inset Map
RGNL: Regional NEXRAD-C weather displayed on
Inset Map
XM LTNG Displays SiriusXM lightning information on the
Navigation Map (optional)
or
EIS
Displays Stormscope weather and coverage
information on Navigation Map (optional)
NEXRAD-B Displays NEXRAD-B weather and coverage on Inset
Map (optional GDL 69/ 69A/69 SXM/ 69A SXM only
or
Displays Connext precipitation on Inset Map (optional
PRECIP
GSR 56 only)
or
STRMSCP
Flight
Instruments
Level 1
UPDATING DATABASES
CAUTION: Never disconnect power to the system when loading a database.
Power interruption during the database loading process could result in
maintenance being required to reboot the system.
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Appendix
NOTE: DO NOT use the database SD cards for any purpose other than database
storage.
In some cases it may be necessary to obtain an unlock code from Garmin in order
to make the database product functional. It may also be necessary to have the system
configured by a Garmin authorized service facility in order to use some database
features.
If an error occurs during synchronization, an error message will be displayed,
followed by the affected display in the Sync Status section of the Database Window. If
synchronization completes on one display, but an error occurs on another, the error
message will be displayed with the affected displays listed after it. When an error
message is displayed, the problem must be corrected before synchronization can be
completed. A power cycle is required to restart synchronization when ‘Card Full’ or
‘Err’ is shown.
Error Message
Description
Canceled
Database synchronization has been canceled by removing the
bottom SD card in display being updated
Card Full
SD card does not contain sufficient memory
Err
Displayed for all other errors that may cause the synchronization
process to be halted
Timeout
System timed-out prior to the database transfer completing
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
NOTE: When loading database updates, the ‘DB Mismatch’ message will
be displayed until database synchronization is complete, followed by turning
system power off, then on. Synchronization can be monitored on the AUXSYSTEM STATUS Page.
162
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Appendix
2)
Update the basemap, SafeTaxi, airport terrain, obstacle and/or airport
directory databases on the MFD card.
3)
Insert the MFD database card into the bottom card slot of the MFD.
4)
Apply power to the system, check that the databases are initialized and
displayed on the power-up screen. If a ‘Verifying’ message is seen, wait for
the system to finish loading before proceeding to step 5.
5)
Acknowledge the Power-up Page agreement by pressing the ENT Key or
the right most softkey.
6)
Turn the large FMS Knob to select the AUX Page group on the MFD.
7)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the System Status Page.
8)
Monitor the Sync Status in the Database Window. Wait for all databases to
complete synching, indicated by ‘Complete’ being displayed.
9)
Remove and reapply power to the system.
AFCS
With system power OFF, remove the MFD database card from the bottom
card slot of the MFD.
Flight
Planning
Procedures
Hazard
Avoidance
Updating Terrain, FliteCharts, and ChartView Databases
With system power OFF, remove the Supplemental Data Card from the
bottom card slot of the MFD and PFD.
2)
Copy the updated terrain database to both Supplemental Data Cards. Copy
the updated FliteCharts or ChartView database to one Supplemental Data
Card.
3)
Insert the updated Supplemental Data Cards into the bottom card slot of
the MFD and PFD. The Supplemental Data Card containing the FliteCharts
or ChartView database is inserted in the MFD.
Annun/
Alerts
1)
Abnormal
Operation
12) Press the Display Database Selection Softkey to show database information
for each display (MFD1 DB or PFD1 DB). Verify the correct database cycle
information is shown for each database for each display.
Additional
Features
11) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the System Status Page.
Index
163
Appendix
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
GPS Nav
10) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the AUX Page group on the MFD.
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
1)
EIS
These databases may be copied to one Supplemental Data Card, then automatically
synchronized to other card in the system:
Flight
Instruments
Updating Basemap, SafeTaxi, Airport Terrain, Obstacle, and Airport
Directory Databases
Apply power to the system, check that the databases are initialized and
displayed on the power-up screen. A ‘Verifying’ message may be seen.
If this message is present, wait for the system to finish loading before
proceeding to step 5.
EIS
5)
Acknowledge the Power-up Page agreement by pressing the ENT Key or
the right most softkey.
6)
Turn the large FMS Knob to select the AUX Page group on the MFD.
7)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the System Status Page.
8)
Press the Display Database Selection Softkey to show database information
for each display (MFD1 DB or PFD1 DB). Verify the correct database cycle
information is shown for each database for each display.
9)
Remove power from the system.
Loading the Jeppesen Navigation Database as the Active Navigation
Database
NOTE: After the navigation database is loaded or copied, the top SD card
may be removed.
1)
With the system OFF, insert the SD card containing the new navigation database
version into the top card slot of the display (PFD1, PFD2 or MFD) to be updated
(label of SD card facing left).
2)
Turn the system ON. A prompt is displayed.
Index
Appendix
Abnormal
Operation
NOTE: Loading the Jeppesen Navigation Database as the active database
prior to its effective date will result in the expiration date on the power-up
screen and the effective date on the AUX-System Status Page being displayed
in yellow.
Annun/
Alerts
Hazard
Avoidance
The Jeppesen Navigation Database that is loaded to internal memory as the active
database will be used by the system.
Additional
Features
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Flight
Instruments
4)
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Appendix
164
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Appendix
5)
After the update completes, the display starts in normal mode.
6)
Turn the system OFF and remove the SD card from the top card slot.
7)
Repeat steps 1 through 6 for the other displays (PFD1, PFD2 or MFD).
8)
Apply power to the system and press the ENT Key to acknowledge the startup
screen.
9)
Turn the large FMS Knob to select the AUX Page group on the MFD.
EIS
Press the NO Softkey to proceed to loading the active database.
A prompt similar to the following is displayed. Press the YES Softkey to update
the active navigation database.
Flight
Instruments
3)
4)
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
AFCS
GPS Nav
Flight
Planning
Procedures
10) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the System Status Page.
Abnormal
Operation
Annun/
Alerts
The purpose of the Standby Navigation Database is to allow the loading of the
next cycle of the Jeppesen Navigation Database to the bottom SD card, prior to its
effective date. (The Jeppesen Navigation Database is available from Jeppesen seven
days prior to its effective date.)
Additional
Features
Loading the Jeppesen Navigation Database as the Standby Navigation
Database
Hazard
Avoidance
11) Press the Display Database Selection Softkey to show active navigation
database information for each display (MFD1 DB, PFD1 DB, PFD2 DB). Verify
the correct active navigation database cycle information is shown for each
display.
Appendix
NOTE: After the navigation database is loaded or copied, the top SD card
may be removed.
Index
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
165
1)
With the system OFF, insert the SD card containing the new navigation
database version into the top card slot of the MFD.
2)
Verify that an SD card is inserted in the bottom slot of each PFD and the
MFD.
3)
Turn the system ON. A prompt similar to the following is displayed.
4)
Press the YES Softkey. The navigation database is copied to the SD card in
the bottom card slot of the MFD.
5)
After the navigation database files are copied to the bottom SD card, the
display will appear as shown in the following figure.
6)
As instructed on the display, press any key to continue. The display will now
appear as shown in the following figure.
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Appendix
166
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Appendix
8)
Press the NO Softkey. The display now starts in normal mode. Since the
database effective date is not yet valid, it should not be loaded as the
active database. The display now starts in normal mode. Do not remove
power while the display is starting.
9)
Press the ENT Key to acknowledge the startup screen.
EIS
Press any key to continue. The display will now appear as shown in the
following figure.
Flight
Instruments
7)
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
AFCS
GPS Nav
Flight
Planning
10) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the AUX Page group on the MFD.
11) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the System Status Page.
Hazard
Avoidance
13) Turn system power OFF.
Procedures
12) The new database is copied to the SD card in the bottom card slot of each
PFD. Progress can be monitored in the SYNC STATUS field. When copying
is finished, ‘Complete’ is displayed.
14) Remove the SD card from the top card slot of the MFD.
Additional
Features
15) Turn system power ON.
16) Press the ENT Key to acknowledge the startup screen.
17) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the AUX Page group on the MFD.
Annun/
Alerts
19) Press the Display Database Selection Softkey to show standby navigation
database information for each display (MFD1 DB, PFD1 DB, PFD2 DB).
Verify the correct standby navigation database cycle information is shown
for each display.
Abnormal
Operation
18) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the System Status Page.
Appendix
Index
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
167
Loading the Magnetic Field Variation Database Update
A copy of the current magnetic field variation database (MV DB) is included with
the navigation database. At startup, the system compares this version of the MV
DB with that presently being used by each AHRS (GRS1 and GRS2). If the system
determines the MV DB needs to be updated, a prompt is displayed on the Navigation
Map Page, as shown in the following figure.
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Appendix
GRS1 Magnetic Field Variation Database Update Prompt
With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key on the MFD. A progress monitor
is displayed.
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
1)
Abnormal
Operation
Uploading Database to GRS1
When the upload is complete, the prompt for the next GRS upload is
displayed.
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
2)
GRS2 Magnetic Field Variation Database Update Prompt
168
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Appendix
With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key on the MFD. A progress monitor
is displayed. When the upload is complete, the system is ready for use.
Flight
Instruments
3)
EIS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
AFCS
Uploading Database to GRS2
GPS Nav
Flight
Planning
Procedures
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
Abnormal
Operation
Annun/
Alerts
Appendix
Index
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
169
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Appendix
Blank Page
170
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Index
F
Procedures
Flight path marker 81
Flight Stream 105
FliteCharts 82, 83
Frequency Transfer 10
Hazard
Avoidance
G
Additional
Features
Gain 79
Garmin Pilot 105, 106
Glidepath 110
Glideslope 110
Ground mapping 80
Abnormal
Operation
H
Annun/
Alerts
Horizon heading 81
Horizontal scan 77, 78
Appendix
I
Inhibit 74, 75
Inhibit TAWS 76
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
Index
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Edit a flight plan 34
Enable Terrain 74
Flight
Planning
CDI 1, 2, 9, 150
Cell 43, 44
Cell mode 44
Channel Presets 99
ChartView 82, 83
E
GPS Nav
C
AFCS
Bearing line 78, 79
Bluetooth 105, 106
Data Link Receiver 125
DB Mismatch 162
Declutter 154, 161
Dead Reckoning 111
Declutter 110
Designated altitudes 18, 19
Direct-to 15
DR mode 111, 112
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
B
D
EIS
Access code 48
Activate a flight plan 16
Active Channel 98
Active database 165
Active Navigation Database 164
AC-U-KWIK Airport Directory 85
AHRS 142, 143, 144, 156
Airport Directory 85
Airport Signs 81, 82
Airways 160
Air Data Computer 116
Alerts, Aircraft 113
Alerts Window 106, 108
ALT 69
Altimeter setting 1
Altitude mode 69
Altitude volume 69
Antenna stabilization 79
Antenna tilt 77
AOPA Airport Directory 85
Attitude & Heading Reference System
116
Audio Panel 109
Audio panel controls
NAV1, NAV2 9
Code selection softkeys 9
COM 9, 10, 109
Flight
Instruments
A
Index-1
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Index
Inhibit Terrain 74
Inset Map 154, 155, 161
IOI 116, 117, 123
Iridium 85, 89
Iridium satellite network 85, 90
P
J
Pairing 105
Pathways 81, 82
PIREP 58
PIT 115
Predefined message 93
Jeppesen 83
R
L
Register 48
Resolution Advisory 82
Reversionary mode 109
ROC 116, 117, 123
Lightning 43, 44
M
Map panning 46
Message advisories 131, 133, 137,
142, 144, 146, 148
METAR 45
Minimums 128
MISCOMP 115
Mode S 159
Mode selection softkeys 9
Multi Function Display (MFD)
Softkeys 160
N
NAV 9, 10
NAV1 2, 9
NAV2 2, 9
Navigation database 17, 19, 130
Navigation (NAV)
Database 133
NEXRAD 45, 154, 161
O
OBS 2
Obstacles 136, 138
Index-2
S
SafeTaxi® 81, 82, 83
SBAS 38, 74, 75, 111, 112, 138, 139
Scheduler 106
SD Card 29, 36, 103, 104, 105, 129,
130, 131, 162, 164–167
Sector scan 79
Sensor 116
SiriusXM 98
SiriusXM lightning 155, 161
STAB 79
Standby 77
Standby Navigation Database 165, 167
Store Flight Plan 34
Stormscope lightning data 43, 44
Strike 43
Strike mode 44
Supplemental Data Card 163
SVT 81
Synchronization 162
Synthetic vision (SVS) 151
Synthetic Vision System 81
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Index
EIS
W
Flight
Planning
XM Weather Data Link 45, 46
Procedures
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
Abnormal
Operation
Annun/
Alerts
U
Universal Access Transceiver (UAT) 66
Appendix
V
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
Index
Vertical path guidance 18
Vertical speed guidance 19
Vertical track 129
190-01603-00 Rev. B
GPS Nav
X
AFCS
WATCH 80
Waypoint Selection Submenu 28
Weather Attenuated Color Highlight 80
Weather radar 76
Wind data 157
Winds Aloft 58
WIND Softkey 64
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
TA 128
TAF 45, 57
TAS 67, 68, 69, 112, 142
TAWS 74, 75, 76
TAWS-B 74, 123
TCAS I 68
TCAS II 82
TCAS System Test Fail 129
TCAS System Test Passed 129
Telephone 85
TEMP COMP 17
Terrain 72, 73, 74, 116, 117, 123, 136,
154, 160
Terrain-SVS
Alerts 116
System Status Annunciations 122
Terrain-SVT 73, 74
Text message 91, 93, 94
Text messaging 90
Tilt 77, 78
Tilt line 77, 78
Timer 2
Topographical data 154, 160
Traffic 43, 68, 160
Traffic advisory 67
Traffic Advisory (TA) 128, 129
Traffic map page 68, 69, 73
Transponder 9, 152, 158, 159
Video settings 100
VNAV 150, 151
VNV 15, 110
Vspeed 2
Flight
Instruments
T
Index-3
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Index
Blank Page
Index-4
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Twin Commander
190-01603-00 Rev. B
Garmin International, Inc.
1200 East 151st Street
Olathe, KS 66062, U.S.A.
p: 913.397.8200 f: 913.397.8282
Garmin AT, Inc.
2345 Turner Road SE
Salem, OR 97302, U.S.A.
p: 503.391.3411 f: 503.364.2138
Garmin (Europe) Ltd
Liberty House, Bulls Copse Road
Hounsdown Business Park
Southampton, SO40 9RB, U.K.
p: 44/0870.8501241 f: 44/0870.8501251
Garmin Corporation
No. 68, Jangshu 2nd Road
Shijr, Taipei County, Taiwan
p: 886/2.2642.9199 f: 886/2.2642.9099
www.garmin.com
© 2014-2015 Garmin Ltd. or its subsidiaries
190-01603-00 Rev. B
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