Garmin | G950 | Garmin G950 G950 Vulcanair P68 Cockpit Reference Guide

Garmin G950 G950 Vulcanair P68 Cockpit Reference Guide
G950
®
Integrated Flight Deck
Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS
ENGINE INDICATION SYSTEM
NAV/COM/TRANSPONDER/AUDIO PANEL
AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
GPS NAVIGATION
FLIGHT PLANNING
PROCEDURES
HAZARD AVOIDANCE
ADDITIONAL FEATURES
ABNORMAL OPERATION
ANNUNCIATIONS & ALERTS
APPENDIX
INDEX
Copyright © 2011, 2016 Garmin Ltd. or its subsidiaries. All rights reserved.
This manual reflects the operation of System Software version 0935.37 or later. Some differences
in operation may be observed when comparing the information in this manual to earlier or later
software versions.
Garmin International, Inc., 1200 East 151st Street, Olathe, Kansas 66062, U.S.A.
Tel: 913.397.8200Fax: 913.397.8282
Aircraft On Ground (AOG) Hotline: 913.397.0836
Aviation Dealer Technical Support: 888.606.5482
Garmin AT, Inc., 2345 Turner Road SE, Salem, OR 97302, U.S.A.
Tel: 503.391.3411Fax 503.364.2138
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Southampton, Hampshire SO40 9LR, U.K.
Tel: 44 (0) 238 052 4000
Fax: 44 (0) 238 052 4004
Aviation Support: +44 (0) 370 850 1243
Garmin Corporation, No. 68, Zhangshu 2nd Road, Xizhi District, New Taipei City Taiwan
Tel: 34-93-357-2608
Fax: 34-93-429-4484
Web Site Address: www.garmin.com
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notice and provided further that any unauthorized commercial distribution of this manual or any
revision hereto is strictly prohibited.
Garmin®, G950® , WATCH®, FliteCharts® and SafeTaxi® are registered trademarks of Garmin Ltd.
or its subsidiaries. Garmin SVT™, and Connext™ are trademarks of Garmin International, Inc. or
its subsidiaries. These trademarks may not be used without the express permission of Garmin.
Stormscope® is a registered trademark of L-3 Communications. NavData® is a registered trademark
of Jeppesen, Inc.
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
SiriusXM Weather and SiriusXM Satellite Radio are provided by SiriusXM Satellite Radio, Inc.
AC-U-KWIK® is a registered trademark of Penton Business Media Inc.
AOPA Membership Publications, Inc. and its related organizations (hereinafter collectively
“AOPA”) expressly disclaim all warranties, with respect to the AOPA information included in this
data, express or implied, including, but not limited to, the implied warranties of merchantability
and fitness for a particular purpose. The information is provided “as is” and AOPA does not
warrant or make any representations regarding its accuracy, reliability, or otherwise. Under
no circumstances including negligence, shall AOPA be liable for any incidental, special or
consequential damages that result from the use or inability to use the software or related
documentation, even if AOPA or an AOPA authorized representative has been advised of the
possibility of such damages. User agrees not to sue AOPA and, to the maximum extent allowed
by law, to release and hold harmless AOPA from any causes of action, claims or losses related
to any actual or alleged inaccuracies in the information. Some jurisdictions do not allow the
limitation or exclusion of implied warranties or liability for incidental or consequential damages
so the above limitations or exclusions may not apply to you.
AC-U-KWIK and its related organizations (hereafter collectively “AC-U-KWIK Organizations”)
expressly disclaim all warranties with respect to the AC-U-KWIK information included in this
data, express or implied, including, but not limited to, the implied warranties of merchantability
and fitness for a particular purpose. The information is provided “as is” and AC-U-KWIK
Organizations do not warrant or make any representations regarding its accuracy, reliability, or
otherwise. Licensee agrees not to sue AC-U-KWIK Organizations and, to the maximum extent
allowed by law, to release and hold harmless AC-U-KWIK Organizations from any cause of
action, claims or losses related to any actual or alleged inaccuracies in the information arising
out of Garmin’s use of the information in the datasets. Some jurisdictions do not allow the
limitation or exclusion of implied warranties or liability for incidental or consequential damages
so the above limitations or exclusions may not apply to licensee.
Printed in the U.S.A.
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Warnings, Cautions & Notes
WARNING: Do not use terrain avoidance displays as the sole source of information for maintaining separation from terrain and obstacles. Garmin obtains
terrain and obstacle data from third party sources and cannot independently
verify the accuracy of the information.
WARNING: Always refer to current aeronautical charts and NOTAMs for
verification of displayed aeronautical information. Displayed aeronautical
data may not incorporate the latest NOTAM information.
WARNING: Do not use geometric altitude for compliance with air traffic
control altitude requirements. The primary barometric altimeter must be used
for compliance with all air traffic control altitude regulations, requirements,
instructions, and clearances.
WARNING: Do not use basemap information (land and water data) as the
sole means of navigation. Basemap data is intended only to supplement other
approved navigation data sources and should be considered only an aid to
enhance situational awareness.
WARNING: Do not rely solely upon the display of traffic information to
accurately depict all of the traffic within range of the aircraft. Due to lack
of equipment, poor signal reception, and/or inaccurate information from
aircraft or ground stations, traffic may be present that is not represented on
the display.
WARNING: Do not use data link weather information for maneuvering in,
near, or around areas of hazardous weather. Information contained within
data link weather products may not accurately depict current weather conditions.
WARNING: Do not use the indicated data link weather product age to determine the age of the weather information shown by the data link weather
product. Due to time delays inherent in gathering and processing weather
data for data link transmission, the weather information shown by the data
link weather product may be significantly older than the indicated weather
product age.
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
Warnings, Cautions & Notes
WARNING: The displayed minimum safe altitude (MSAs) are only advisory
in nature and should not be relied upon as the sole source of obstacle and
terrain avoidance information. Always refer to current aeronautical charts for
appropriate minimum clearance altitudes.
WARNING: Always obtain qualified instruction prior to operational use of
this equipment.
WARNING: Do not use a QFE altimeter setting with this system. System
functions will not operate properly with a QFE altimeter setting. Use only
a QNH altimeter setting for height above mean sea level, or the standard
pressure setting, as applicable.
WARNING: Do not use GPS to navigate to any active waypoint identified as
a ‘NON WGS84 WPT’ by a system message. ‘NON WGS84 WPT’ waypoints
are derived from an unknown map reference datum that may be incompatible
with the map reference datum used by GPS (known as WGS84) and may be
positioned in error as displayed.
WARNING: When using the autopilot to fly an approach with vertical guidance, the autopilot will not level the aircraft at the MDA/DH even if the MDA/
DH is set in the altitude preselect.
WARNING: Do not rely solely upon the display of traffic information for collision avoidance maneuvering. The traffic display does not provide collision
avoidance resolution advisories and does not under any circumstances or
conditions relieve the pilot’s responsibility to see and avoid other aircraft.
WARNING: Because of variation in the earth’s magnetic field, do not rely
on the accuracy of attitude and heading indications (GRS 77 installations
only) in the following geographic areas: North of 72° North latitude at all
longitudes; South of 70° South latitude at all longitudes; North of 65° North
latitude between longitude 75° W and 120° W. (Northern Canada); North of
70° North latitude between longitude 70° W and 128° W. (Northern Canada);
North of 70° North latitude between longitude 85° E and 114° E. (Northern
Russia); South of 55° South latitude between longitude 120° E and 165° E.
(Region south of Australia and New Zealand).
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Warnings, Cautions & Notes
WARNING: Do not rely on information from a lightning detection system
display as the sole basis for hazardous weather avoidance. Range limitations
and interference may cause the system to display inaccurate or incomplete
information. Refer to documentation from the lightning detection system
manufacturer for detailed information about the system.
WARNING: Use appropriate primary systems for navigation, and for terrain,
obstacle, and traffic avoidance. Garmin SVT is intended as an aid to situational awareness only and may not provide either the accuracy or reliability
upon which to solely base decisions and/or plan maneuvers to avoid terrain,
obstacles, or traffic.
WARNING: Intruder aircraft at or below 500 ft. AGL may not appear on the
Garmin SVT display or may appear as a partial symbol.
WARNING: Do not use the Garmin SVT runway depiction as the sole means
for determining the proximity of the aircraft to the runway or for maintaining
the proper approach path angle during landing.
WARNING: Do not operate the weather radar in a transmitting mode when
personnel or objects are within the MPEL boundary.
WARNING: Do not use TAWS information for primary terrain or obstacle
avoidance. TAWS is intended only to enhance situational awareness.
CAUTION: Do not clean display surfaces with abrasive cloths or cleaners
containing ammonia. They will harm the anti-reflective coating.
CAUTION: Repairs should only be made by an authorized Garmin service
center. Unauthorized repairs or modifications could void both the warranty
and affect the airworthiness of the aircraft.
NOTE: Do not rely solely upon data link services to provide Temporary Flight
Restriction (TFR) information. Always confirm TFR information through official
sources such as Flight Service Stations or Air Traffic Control.
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
Warnings, Cautions & Notes
NOTE: All visual depictions contained within this document, including screen
images of the system panel and displays, are subject to change and may not
reflect the most current system and aviation databases. Depictions of equipment may differ slightly from the actual equipment.
NOTE: The United States government operates the Global Positioning System
and is solely responsible for its accuracy and maintenance. The GPS system
is subject to changes which could affect the accuracy and performance of all
GPS equipment. Portions of the system utilize GPS as a precision electronic
NAVigation AID (NAVAID). Therefore, as with all NAVAIDs, information
presented by the system can be misused or misinterpreted and, therefore,
become unsafe.
NOTE: This device complies with part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is
subject to the following two conditions: (1) this device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference received,
including interference that may cause undesired operation.
NOTE: Interference from GPS repeaters operating inside nearby hangars can
cause an intermittent loss of attitude and heading displays while the aircraft
is on the ground. Moving the aircraft more than 100 yards away from the
source of the interference should alleviate the condition.
NOTE: Use of polarized eyewear may cause the flight displays to appear dim
or blank.
NOTE: This product, its packaging, and its components contain chemicals
known to the State of California to cause cancer, birth defects, or reproductive
harm. This notice is being provided in accordance with California’s Proposition
65. If you have any questions or would like additional information, please
refer to our web site at www.garmin.com/prop65.
NOTE: Operating the system in the vicinity of metal buildings, metal structures, or electromagnetic fields can cause sensor differences that may result
in nuisance miscompare annunciations during start up, shut down, or while
taxiing. If one or more of the sensed values are unavailable, the annunciation
indicates no comparison is possible.
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Warnings, Cautions & Notes
NOTE: The system responds to a terminal procedure based on data coded
within that procedure in the Navigation Database. Differences in system
operation may be observed among similar types of procedures due to differences in the Navigation Database coding specific to each procedure.
NOTE: The FAA has asked Garmin to remind pilots who fly with Garmin
database-dependent avionics of the following:
• It is the pilot’s responsibility to remain familiar with all FAA regulatory and
advisory guidance and information related to the use of databases in the
National Airspace System.
• Garmin equipment will only recognize and use databases that are obtained
from Garmin or Jeppesen. Databases obtained from Garmin or Jeppesen
are assured compliance with all data quality requirements (DQRs) by
virtue of a Type 2 Letter of Authorization (LOA) from the FAA. A copy of
the Type 2 LOA is available for each database and can be viewed at http://
fly.garmin.com by selecting ‘Type 2 LOA Status.’
• Use of a current Garmin or Jeppesen database in your Garmin equipment
is required for compliance with established FAA regulatory guidance, but
does not constitute authorization to fly any and all terminal procedures
that may be presented by the system. It is the pilot’s responsibility to
operate in accordance with established AFM(S) and regulatory guidance or
limitations as applicable to the pilot, the aircraft, and installed equipment.
NOTE: The pilot/operator must review and be familiar with Garmin’s database
exclusion list as discussed in SAIB CE-14-04 to determine what data may be
incomplete. The database exclusion list can be viewed at www.flygarmin.
com by selecting ‘Database Exclusions List.’
NOTE: The pilot/operator must have access to Garmin and Jeppesen database alerts and consider their impact on the intended aircraft operation. The
database alerts can be viewed at www.flygarmin.com by selecting ‘Aviation
Database Alerts.’
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
Warnings, Cautions & Notes
NOTE: If the pilot/operator wants or needs to adjust the database, contact
Garmin Product Support to coordinate the revised DQRs.
NOTE: Garmin requests the flight crew report any observed discrepancies
related to database information. These discrepancies could come in the form
of an incorrect procedure; incorrectly identified terrain, obstacles and fixes; or
any other displayed item used for navigation or communication in the air or
on the ground. Go to FlyGarmin.com and select ‘Aviation Data Error Report’.
NOTE: Lamp(s) inside this product contain mercury (HG) and must be recycled
or disposed of according to local, state, or federal laws. For more information,
refer to our website at www.garmin.com/aboutGarmin/environment/disposal.
jsp
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Record of Revisions
Part Number
190-01326-00
190-01326-01
Change Summary
Initial release.
Added support for GWX 70 Weather Radar
Added support for GDL 69A SXM
Added support for GRA 5500 Radar Altimeter
Added support for GSR 56 Iridium Transceiver (Satellite Phone)
Added support for GTS 825 Traffic Advisory System (TAS)
Added other GDU 15.02 parameters
Added support for Auxiliary Video
Added User Defined Holds
Added Temperature Compensated Altitudes
Updated Engine Parameter Displays
Revision Date of Revision Affected Pages
A
May, 2016
All
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Description
Production release
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
RR-1
Record of Revisions
Blank Page
RR-2
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Table of Contents
Flight Instruments...................................................................................................................... 1
Selecting the Altimeter Barometric Pressure Setting....................................................... 1
Selecting Standard Barometric Pressure (29.92 in Hg)..................................................... 1
Change Altimeter Barometric Pressure Setting Units....................................................... 1
Change Navigation Sources.................................................................................................... 1
Enable/Disable OBS Mode While Navigating with GPS..................................................... 2
Generic Timer.............................................................................................................................. 2
Set Barometric Minimum Descent Altitude......................................................................... 2
Displaying Wind Data............................................................................................................... 3
Changing HSI Format................................................................................................................ 3
Engine Indication System......................................................................................................... 5
Engine Display............................................................................................................................ 5
Fuel Calculations........................................................................................................................ 8
Nav/Com/Transponder/Audio Panel.................................................................................... 9
ADF Tuning (Optional)............................................................................................................... 9
DME Tuning (Optional).............................................................................................................. 9
Enter A Transponder Code....................................................................................................... 9
Selecting a COM Radio............................................................................................................. 9
Selecting a NAV Radio............................................................................................................ 10
NAV/COM Tuning...................................................................................................................... 10
Digital Clearance Player......................................................................................................... 10
Intercom System (ICS) Isolation........................................................................................... 11
Automatic Flight Control System...................................................................................... 13
S-TEC Fifty Five X Autopilot.................................................................................................. 13
Altitude Preselect.................................................................................................................... 13
GPS Navigation............................................................................................................................ 15
Direct-to Navigation............................................................................................................... 15
Activate A Stored Flight Plan................................................................................................ 16
Activate A Flight Plan Leg..................................................................................................... 16
Stop Navigating A Flight Plan............................................................................................... 17
Vertical Navigation (VNAV)................................................................................................... 17
Flight Planning............................................................................................................................. 19
Trip Planning............................................................................................................................. 19
Create A User Waypoint Defined By Latitude & Longitude............................................ 21
Create A User Waypoint Defined By Radials From Other Waypoints........................... 21
Create A User Waypoint Defined By A Radial & Distance From Another Waypoint. 23
Delete A User Waypoint......................................................................................................... 24
Create A Flight Plan................................................................................................................. 25
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
i
Table of Contents
Import A Flight Plan From An SD Card................................................................................ 26
Insert A Waypoint In The Active Flight Plan....................................................................... 27
Enter An Airway In A Flight Plan.......................................................................................... 27
User-Defined Holding Patterns............................................................................................. 28
Invert An Active Flight Plan................................................................................................... 30
Remove A Departure, Arrival, Approach, Or Airway From A Flight Plan..................... 30
Store A Flight Plan................................................................................................................... 31
Edit A Stored Flight Plan........................................................................................................ 31
Delete A Waypoint From The Flight Plan............................................................................ 32
Invert And Activate A Stored Flight Plan........................................................................... 32
Copy A Flight Plan................................................................................................................... 32
Delete A Flight Plan................................................................................................................. 33
Graphical Flight Plan Creation.............................................................................................. 33
Export A Flight Plan To An SD Card...................................................................................... 34
Procedures...................................................................................................................................... 35
Load And Activate A Departure Procedure........................................................................ 35
Activate A Departure Leg...................................................................................................... 35
Load An Arrival Procedure..................................................................................................... 35
Activate An Arrival Leg.......................................................................................................... 36
Load And/Or Activate an Approach Procedure................................................................. 36
Activate An Approach in the Active Flight Plan................................................................ 37
Activate A Vector to Final Approach Fix............................................................................. 38
Activate A Missed Approach In The Active Flight Plan.................................................... 38
Temperature Compensated Altitude................................................................................... 38
Hazard Avoidance....................................................................................................................... 41
Customizing The Hazard Displays On The Navigation Map............................................ 41
Stormscope® (Optional)......................................................................................................... 41
SiriusXM Weather (Optional)................................................................................................ 43
Garmin Connext Weather (Optional)................................................................................... 45
Traffic Systems......................................................................................................................... 57
Terrain And Obstacle Proximity............................................................................................ 60
Terrain-SVS (Optional)............................................................................................................ 60
Terrain Awareness & Warning System (TAWS-B) Display (Optional)............................ 62
Airborne Color Weather Radar............................................................................................. 64
Additional Features................................................................................................................... 69
Synthetic Vision (Optional).................................................................................................... 69
Terminal Procedure Charts.................................................................................................... 70
Airport Directory..................................................................................................................... 72
ii
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Table of Contents
SiriusXM Satellite Radio Entertainment (Optional)......................................................... 73
Scheduler................................................................................................................................... 74
Pilot Profiles............................................................................................................................. 76
Auxiliary Video (Optional)..................................................................................................... 80
Satellite Telephone & SMS Messaging Service (Optional)............................................. 81
Abnormal Operation................................................................................................................. 93
Reversionary Mode................................................................................................................. 93
Abnormal COM Operation..................................................................................................... 93
Hazard Displays With Loss Of GPS Position....................................................................... 93
Unusual Attitudes.................................................................................................................... 94
Dead Reckoning....................................................................................................................... 95
Annunciations & Alerts............................................................................................................ 97
WARNING Annunciation......................................................................................................... 97
CAUTION Annunciation........................................................................................................... 98
Safe Operating Annunciation................................................................................................ 98
TAWS-B Alerts........................................................................................................................... 98
TAWS-B System Status Annunciations.............................................................................. 100
TAS Alerts And Annunciations............................................................................................. 101
TIS Alerts And Annunciations.............................................................................................. 102
SVS Terrain Alerts.................................................................................................................. 104
Weather Radar Alerts And Annunciations........................................................................ 106
GDL 69A/GDL 69A SXM Data Link Receiver Messages.................................................. 107
Voice Alerts............................................................................................................................. 108
Flight Plan Import/Export Messages................................................................................. 108
G950 System Message Advisories...................................................................................... 110
Appendix........................................................................................................................................ 127
PFD Softkey Map................................................................................................................... 127
MFD Softkey Map.................................................................................................................. 132
Loading Updated Databases............................................................................................... 135
Index............................................................................................................................................Index-1
190-01326-01 Rev. A
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Table of Contents
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Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Flight Instruments
Flight
Instruments
FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS
SELECTING THE ALTIMETER BAROMETRIC PRESSURE SETTING
EIS
Turn the BARO Knob to select the desired setting.
Press the PFD Softkey.
2)
Press the STD BARO Softkey to set standard barometric pressure.
AFCS
1)
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
SELECTING STANDARD BAROMETRIC PRESSURE (29.92 IN HG)
CHANGE ALTIMETER BAROMETRIC PRESSURE SETTING UNITS
2)
Press the ALT UNIT Softkey.
3)
Press the IN Softkey to display the barometric pressure setting in inches of
mercury (in Hg).
Flight
Planning
Press the PFD Softkey to display the second-level softkeys.
GPS Nav
1)
Procedures
Or:
Press the HPA Softkey to display the barometric pressure setting in
hectopascals.
Press the BACK Softkey to return to the top-level softkeys.
Hazard
Avoidance
4)
CHANGE NAVIGATION SOURCES
Press the CDI Softkey again to change from VOR1 or LOC1 to VOR2
or LOC2. This places the light blue tuning box over the NAV2 standby
frequency.
3)
Press the CDI Softkey a third time to return to GPS.
Annun/
Alerts
2)
Abnormal
Operation
Press the CDI Softkey to change from GPS to VOR1 or LOC1. This places
the light blue tuning box over the NAV1 standby frequency in the upper left
corner of the PFD.
Additional
Features
1)
Appendix
Index
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
1
ENABLE/DISABLE OBS MODE WHILE NAVIGATING WITH GPS
1)
Press the OBS Softkey to select OBS Mode.
2)
Turn a CRS Knob to select the desired course to/from the waypoint. Press a
CRS Knob to synchronize the Selected Course with the bearing to the next
waypoint.
3)
Press the OBS Softkey again to disable OBS Mode.
1)
Press the TMR/REF Softkey, then turn the large FMS Knob to select the
time field (hh/mm/ss). Turn the FMS Knobs to set the desired time, then
press the ENT Key. The UP/DOWN field is now highlighted.
2)
Turn the small FMS Knob to display the UP/DOWN window. Turn the FMS
Knob to select ‘UP’ or ‘DOWN’, then press the ENT Key. ‘START?’ is now
highlighted.
3)
Press the ENT Key to START, STOP, or RESET the timer (if the timer is
counting DOWN, it starts counting UP after reaching zero). Press the CLR
Key or the TMR/REF Softkey to remove the window.
SET BAROMETRIC MINIMUM DESCENT ALTITUDE
1) Press the TMR/REF Softkey.
2)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the OFF/BARO field to the right of
‘MINIMUMS’.
3)
Turn the small FMS Knob clockwise to BARO.
4)
Press the ENT Key.
5)
Use the small FMS Knob to enter the desired altitude.
6)
Press the ENT Key.
7)
To remove the window, press the CLR Key or the TMR/REF Softkey.
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
AFCS
GENERIC TIMER
GPS Nav
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Flight Instruments
2
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Flight Instruments
2)
Press the WIND Softkey to display wind data to the left of the HSI.
3)
Press one of the OPTN softkeys to change how wind data is displayed.
4)
To remove the Wind Data Window, press the OFF Softkey.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Press the PFD Softkey.
EIS
1)
Flight
Instruments
DISPLAYING WIND DATA
CHANGING HSI FORMAT
2)
Press the HSI FRMT Softkey.
3)
Press the 360 HSI Softkey to display the full size HSI.
GPS Nav
Press the PFD Softkey.
AFCS
1)
Or:
Press the ARC HSI Softkey to display the arc style HSI.
Flight
Planning
Procedures
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
Abnormal
Operation
Annun/
Alerts
Appendix
Index
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
3
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Flight Instruments
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Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Engine Indication System
Flight
Instruments
ENGINE INDICATION SYSTEM
ENGINE DISPLAY
EIS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Manifold Pressure
Indicator
AFCS
Tachometer
GPS Nav
Flight
Planning
Fuel Flow
Indicator
Procedures
Cylinder Head
Temperature
Indicator
Hazard
Avoidance
Oil Temperature
Indicator
Oil Pressure
Indicator
Additional
Features
Ammeter
Abnormal
Operation
Voltmeter
Fuel Quantity
Indicator
Annun/
Alerts
ENGINE Display
Appendix
Index
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
5
Engine Indication System
10
2
3
4
5
6
7
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
1
9
8
Normally Aspirated Engine
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
11
Turbocharged Engine
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
MFD EIS - Engine Page
Engine Manifold Pressure
Indicator
(MAN IN HG)
Displays manifold pressure in inches of Mercury (in
Hg) to indicate engine power
Index
1
6
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Engine Indication System
Oil Pressure Indicator (OIL Displays pressure of oil supplied to the engines in
pounds per square inch (psi)
PSI)
5
Left Fuel Quantity Indicator Displays the amount of fuel in gallons (gal) for the
left fuel tank
6
Right Fuel Quantity
Indicator
Displays the amount of fuel in gallons (gal) for the
right fuel tank
7
Fuel Calculations Group
(FUEL CALC)
Displays calculated gallons remaining, gallons used,
endurance, range, and gallons per nautical mile.
8
Engine Temperature Group
(TEMPERATURE)
Normally Aspirated Engine – Displays exhaust gas
(EGT) and head (CHT) temperatures of all cylinders
in degrees Fahrenheit (°F)
Procedures
4
Flight
Planning
Displays fuel pressure in pounds per square inch
(psi)
GPS Nav
Fuel Pressure Gauge (FUEL
PSI)
AFCS
3
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Displays a digital value of current fuel flow for each
engine in gallons per hour (gph)
EIS
Fuel Flow Indicator
(FFLOW GPH)
Flight
Instruments
2
Hazard
Avoidance
Turbocharged Engine – Displays the Turbine Inlet
Temperature (TIT) in degrees Fahrenheit (°F)
Additional
Features
9
10 Oil Temperature Indicator
(OIL TEMP)
Displays the oil temperature of each side in degrees
Fahrenheit (°F)
Annun/
Alerts
11 Tachometer (RPM)
Abnormal
Operation
Displays the primary bus voltage for each side with a
vertical slider bar and digital values
Displays alternator and prop deice loads in amperes
(amps) with slider bars and digital values
Electrical Group
(ELECTRICAL)
Appendix
Displays propeller speeds in revolutions per minute
(rpm) on a vertical slider gauge with digital values
below the gauge
Index
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
7
FUEL CALCULATIONS
NOTE: Fuel calculations do not use the aircraft fuel quantity indicators and
are calculated from the last time the fuel was reset.
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Engine Indication System
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Adjusting the fuel totalizer quantity
On the Engine Page, use the DEC FUEL and INC FUEL softkeys to obtain the desired
fuel remaining (GAL REM).
AFCS
Resetting the fuel totalizer
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
On the Engine Page, select the RST FUEL Softkey; this resets displayed fuel
remaining (GAL REM) to the maximum fuel capacity for the aircraft and fuel
used to zero.
8
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Nav/Com/XPDR/Audio Panel
Flight
Instruments
NAV/COM/TRANSPONDER/AUDIO PANEL
ADF TUNING (OPTIONAL)
EIS
Tune the ADF using the remote ADF control head.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
DME TUNING (OPTIONAL)
2)
Turn the large FMS to select the DME source field.
3)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the desired Nav radio.
4)
Press the ENT Key to complete the selection.
GPS Nav
Press the DME Softkey.
AFCS
1)
ENTER A TRANSPONDER CODE
Press the CODE Softkey to display the transponder code selection softkeys,
for digit entry.
3)
Press the digit softkeys to enter the code in the code field. When entering
the code, the next key in sequence must be pressed within 10 seconds, or
the entry is cancelled and restored to the previous code. Five seconds after
the fourth digit has been entered, the transponder code becomes active.
Hazard
Avoidance
2)
Procedures
Press the XPDR Softkey to display the transponder mode selection softkeys.
Flight
Planning
1)
Additional
Features
SELECTING A COM RADIO
Abnormal
Operation
Transmit/Receive
Press the COM1 MIC or COM2 MIC Key on the audio panel.
Annun/
Alerts
Receive Only
Press the COM1 MIC or COM2 MIC Key on the audio panel.
Appendix
Index
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
9
SELECTING A NAV RADIO
1)
To begin navigating using a navigation radio, press the CDI Softkey on the
PFD to select VOR1/LOC1 (NAV1) or VOR2/LOC2 (NAV2).
2)
Press the NAV1, NAV2, DME, or ADF Key on the audio panel to select or
deselect the navigation radio audio source. All radio keys can be selected
individually or together.
NAV/COM TUNING
1)
Press the small tuning knob to select the desired radio for tuning. A light
blue box highlights the radio frequency to be tuned.
2)
Turn the respective tuning knobs to enter the desired frequency into the
standby frequency field. The large knob enters MHz and the small knob
enters kHz.
3)
Press the Frequency Transfer Key to place the frequency into the active
frequency field.
DIGITAL CLEARANCE PLAYER
NOTE: Only the audio for the selected COM MIC Key is recorded.
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Nav/Com/XPDR/Audio Panel
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
• Pressing the PLAY Key once plays the latest recorded memory block, then returns
to normal operation.
• Pressing the MKR/MUTE Key while playing a memory block stops play.
• Pressing the PLAY Key during play begins playing the previously recorded
memory block. Each subsequent press of the PLAY Key begins playing the next
previously recorded block.
10
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Nav/Com/XPDR/Audio Panel
Press the PILOT and/or COPLT Key on the audio panel to select those isolated
from hearing the Nav/Com radios and music.
ON
ON
Selected radios,
aural alerts, pilot,
passengers, music
Selected
radios, aural
alerts, pilot,
copilot
Passengers, music
Hazard
Avoidance
ON
Copilot
Procedures
OFF
Copilot, passengers,
music
Flight
Planning
OFF
GPS Nav
ON
Selected radios, aural
alerts, pilot, copilot,
passengers, music
Passenger Hears
AFCS
OFF
Additional
Features
Selected
radios, aural
alerts, pilot,
copilot,
passengers,
music
Selected
radios, aural
alerts, pilot
Selected
radios, aural
alerts, pilot;
passengers,
music
Selected
radios, aural
alerts, pilot,
copilot
Copilot
Hears
Selected
radios, aural
alerts, pilot,
copilot,
passengers,
music
Copilot,
passengers,
music
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
OFF
Pilot Hears
EIS
PILOT KEY COPLT KEY
Annunciator Annunciator
Flight
Instruments
INTERCOM SYSTEM (ICS) ISOLATION
ICS Isolation Modes
Abnormal
Operation
Annun/
Alerts
Appendix
Index
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
11
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Nav/Com/XPDR/Audio Panel
Blank Page
12
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
190-01326-01 Rev. A
AFCS
NOTE: Refer to the Aircraft Flight Manual (AFM) for the installed autopilot.
Flight
Instruments
AUTOMATIC FLIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM
EIS
S-TEC FIFTY FIVE X AUTOPILOT
AFCS
GPS Nav
Flight
Planning
In addition to the redundant status/mode annunciations and/or visual representations
that are simultaneously displayed on both the G950 (AFCS Status Box and/or PFD)
and the S-TEC Fifty Five X (Autopilot Display and/or Remote Annunciator Display),
the G950 displays the additional status/mode annunciation of ‘FD’ when the Flight
Director Mode is engaged.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
NOTE: This section covers only the additional ‘FD’ status annunciations that
may appear in the G950 AFCS Status Box. These status annunciations are not
analogous to both the G950 and the S-TEC Fifty Five X. Refer to the approved
S-TEC Fifty Five X Pilot’s Operating Handbook (POH) for comprehensive list
of annunciations and operating instructions.
Procedures
ALTITUDE PRESELECT
Hazard
Avoidance
The ALT Knob on the PFD is used to enter the selected altitude, which is provided
to the S-TEC Fifty Five X.
Additional
Features
Abnormal
Operation
Annun/
Alerts
Appendix
Index
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
13
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
AFCS
Blank Page
14
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
190-01326-01 Rev. A
GPS Navigation
Flight
Instruments
GPS NAVIGATION
DIRECT-TO NAVIGATION
2)
3)
6)
9)
12)
1)
2)
5)
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
15
Index
6)
Appendix
4)
).
Turn the large FMS Knob to place the cursor in the desired selection field.
Turn the small FMS Knob to begin selecting the desired identifier, location,
etc.
Press the ENT Key.
The cursor is now flashing on ‘ACTIVATE?’. If no altitude constraint or
course is desired, press the ENT Key to activate. To enter an altitude
constraint, proceed to step 6.
Turn the large FMS Knob to place the cursor over the ‘ALT’ altitude field.
Annun/
Alerts
3)
Press the Direct-to Key (
Abnormal
Operation
Direct-to Navigation from the PFD
Additional
Features
11)
Hazard
Avoidance
10)
Procedures
8)
Flight
Planning
7)
GPS Nav
5)
) Key.
Enter the waypoint identifier.
Press the ENT Key to confirm the identifier. The ‘Activate?’ field is
highlighted.
If no altitude constraint or course is desired, press the ENT Key to activate.
To enter an altitude constraint, proceed to step 5.
Turn the large FMS Knob to place the cursor over the ‘VNV’ altitude field.
Enter the desired altitude.
Press the ENT Key. If the waypoint entered is an airport, the option to
select MSL or AGL is now displayed. If the waypoint is not an airport,
proceed to step 9.
Turn the small FMS Knob to select ‘MSL’ or ‘AGL’.
Press the ENT Key. The cursor is now flashing in the VNV offset distance
field.
Enter the desired offset distance before (-) the waypoint.
Press the ENT Key. The ‘Activate?’ field is highlighted.
Press the ENT Key to activate.
AFCS
4)
Press the Direct-to (
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
1)
EIS
Direct-to Navigation from the MFD
EIS
Flight
Instruments
GPS Navigation
7)
Turn the small FMS Knob to enter the desired altitude.
8)
Press the ENT Key. If the waypoint entered is an airport, the option to
select MSL or AGL is now displayed. If the waypoint is not an airport,
proceed to step 10.
9)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select ‘MSL’ or ‘AGL’.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
10) Press the ENT Key. The cursor is placed in the OFFSET distance field.
11) Turn the small FMS Knob to enter the desired target altitude offset from
the selected Direct-to.
AFCS
12) Press the ENT Key to highlight ‘Activate?’ or turn the large FMS Knob to
highlight the ‘CRS’ field.
14) Press the ENT Key to highlight ‘ACTIVATE?’.
15) Press the ENT again to activate the Direct-to.
ACTIVATE A STORED FLIGHT PLAN
1)
Press the FPL Key on the MFD and turn the small FMS Knob to display the
Flight Plan Catalog Page.
2)
Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
3)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the desired flight plan
4)
Press the ACTIVE Softkey. The confirmation window is now displayed.
5)
With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key to activate the flight plan. To cancel
the flight plan activation, turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘CANCEL’ and
press the ENT Key.
ACTIVATE A FLIGHT PLAN LEG
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
13) Turn the small FMS Knob to enter the desired course to the waypoint.
1)
From the Active Flight Plan Page, press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor
and turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the desired waypoint.
2)
Press the ACT LEG Softkey on the MFD.
3)
Press the MENU Key, select the ‘Activate Leg’ option from the page menu
and press the ENT Key. This step must be used when activating a leg from
the PFD.
4)
With ‘Activate’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
Index
Appendix
OR
16
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
190-01326-01 Rev. A
GPS Navigation
Flight
Instruments
STOP NAVIGATING A FLIGHT PLAN
2)
Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu Window.
3)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘Delete Flight Plan’ and press the ENT
Key. With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key to deactivate the flight plan.
This does not delete the stored flight plan, only the active flight plan.
VERTICAL NAVIGATION (VNAV)
AFCS
GPS Nav
The navigation database only contains altitudes for procedures that call for “Cross
at” altitudes. If the procedure states “Expect to cross at,” the altitude is not in the
database. In this case the altitude may be entered manually.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page.
EIS
1)
Flight
Planning
Procedures
Large White
Text
Large Light
Blue Text
Hazard
Avoidance
Small Light
Blue Text
Additional
Features
Small Light
Blue Subdued
Text
Abnormal
Operation
Small White Text
with Altitude
Restriction Bar
Annun/
Alerts
Cross AT or ABOVE 5,000 ft
Appendix
Cross AT 2,300 ft
Cross AT or BELOW 3,000 ft
Index
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
17
Altitudes associated with approach procedures are “auto-designated”. This means
the system automatically uses the altitudes loaded with the approach for giving vertical
flight path guidance outside the FAF. Note these altitudes are displayed as small light
blue text.
Altitudes associated with arrival procedures are “manually-designated”. This means
the system does not use the altitudes loaded with the arrival for giving vertical flight
path guidance until designated to do so by the pilot. Note that these altitudes are
initially displayed as white text. These altitudes may be “designated” by placing the
cursor over the desired altitude and pressing the ENT Key. After designation, the text
changes to light blue.
Altitudes that have been designated for use in vertical navigation may also be made
“non-designated” by placing the cursor over the desired altitude and pressing the CLR
Key. The altitude is now displayed only as a reference. It is not used to give vertical
flight path guidance. Other displayed altitudes may change due to re-calculations
or rendered invalid as a result of manually changing an altitude to a non-designated
altitude.
White Text
Light Blue Text
Large Text
Altitude calculated by the
system estimating the
altitude of the aircraft as it
passes over the navigation
point. This altitude is
provided as a reference
and is not designated to
be used in determining
vertical flight path
guidance.
Altitude has been entered
by the pilot. Altitude is
designated for use in
giving vertical flight path
guidance. Altitude does
not match the published
altitude in navigation
database or no published
altitude exists.
The system cannot
use this altitude in
determining vertical
flight path guidance.
Small Text
Altitude is not designated
to be used in determining
vertical flight path
guidance. Altitude has
been retrieved from the
navigation database and
is provided as a reference.
Altitude is designated
for use in giving vertical
flight path guidance.
Altitude has been
retrieved from the
navigation database
or has been entered by
the pilot and matches a
published altitude in the
navigation database.
The system cannot
use this altitude in
determining vertical
flight path guidance.
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
GPS Navigation
18
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
Light Blue
Subdued Text
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Flight Planning
Flight
Instruments
FLIGHT PLANNING
TRIP PLANNING
Turn the large FMS Knob to select the ‘AUX’ page group.
2)
If necessary, turn the small FMS Knob to select the Trip Planning Page.
3)
The current page mode is displayed at the top of the page: ‘AUTOMATIC’
or ‘MANUAL’. To change the PAGE MODE, press the AUTO or MANUAL
Softkey.
4)
For Direct-to planning:
EIS
1)
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
AFCS
GPS Nav
a) Press the WPTS Softkey and verify that the starting waypoint field
indicates ‘P.POS’ (present position).
b) If necessary, press the MENU Key and select ‘Set WPT to Present
Position’ to display ‘P.POS’.
Flight
Planning
c) Press the ENT Key and the flashing cursor moves to the ending
waypoint field.
Procedures
d) Enter the identifier of the ending waypoint and press the ENT Key to
accept the waypoint.
Or:
Hazard
Avoidance
For point-to-point planning:
a) Enter the identifier of the starting waypoint.
Additional
Features
b) Once the waypoint’s identifier is entered, press the ENT Key to accept
the waypoint. The flashing cursor moves to the ending waypoint.
Abnormal
Operation
c) Again, enter the identifier of the ending waypoint.
d) Press the ENT Key to accept the waypoint.
Or:
Annun/
Alerts
For flight plan leg planning:
a) Press the FPL Softkey (at the bottom of the display).
Appendix
b) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the desired flight plan (already
stored in memory), by number.
c) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the ‘LEG’ field.
Index
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
19
Flight Planning
EIS
Flight
Instruments
d) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the desired leg of the flight plan, or
select ‘CUM’ to apply trip planning calculations to the entire flight plan.
Selecting ‘FPL 00’ displays the active flight plan. If an active flight plan
is selected, ‘REM’ is an available option to display planning data for the
remainder of the flight plan.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
NOTE: The page mode must be set to ‘MANUAL’ to perform the following
steps.
AFCS
5)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the departure time (DEP TIME) field.
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
NOTE: The departure time on the Trip Planning Page is used for preflight
planning. Refer to the Utility Page for the actual flight departure time.
6)
Enter the departure time. Press the ENT Key when finished. Departure time
may be entered in local or UTC time, depending upon system settings.
7)
The flashing cursor moves to the ground speed (GS) field. Enter the ground
speed. Press the ENT Key when finished. Note that in ‘automatic’ page
mode, ground speed is provided by the system.
8)
The flashing cursor moves to the fuel flow field. Enter the fuel flow. Press
the ENT Key when finished. Note that in ‘AUTOMATIC’ page mode, fuel flow
is provided by the system.
9)
The flashing cursor moves to the fuel onboard field. Enter the fuel onboard.
Press the ENT Key when finished. Note that in ‘AUTOMATIC’ page mode, fuel
onboard is provided by the fuel totalizer.
Abnormal
Operation
10) The flashing cursor moves to the calibrated airspeed (CALIBRATED AS) field.
Enter the calibrated airspeed. Press the ENT Key when finished. Note that
in ‘AUTOMATIC’ page mode, calibrated airspeed is provided by the system.
Annun/
Alerts
11) The flashing cursor moves to the altitude (IND ALTITUDE) field. Enter the
altitude. Press the ENT Key when finished. Note that in ‘AUTOMATIC’ page
mode, altitude is provided by the system.
Index
Appendix
12) The flashing cursor moves to the barometric setting (PRESSURE) field. Enter
the desired baro setting. Press the ENT Key when finished. Note that in
‘AUTOMATIC’ page mode, the baro setting is provided by the setting entered
on the PFD.
20
13) The flashing cursor moves to the air temperature (TOTAL AIR TEMP) field. Enter
the desired air temperature. Press the ENT Key when finished. Note that in
‘AUTOMATIC’ page mode, air temperature is provided by the system outside
air temperature.
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Flight Planning
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the User WPT Information Page.
3)
Press the NEW Softkey. A waypoint is created at the current aircraft
position.
4)
Enter the desired waypoint name.
5)
Press the ENT Key.
6)
The cursor is now in the ‘WAYPOINT TYPE’ field. If desired, the waypoint
can be made temporary (deleted automatically when the system is turned
off). If the waypoint is to remain in the system, proceed to step 7.
AFCS
2)
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Turn the large FMS Knob on the MFD to select the ‘WPT’ page group.
EIS
1)
Flight
Instruments
CREATE A USER WAYPOINT DEFINED BY LATITUDE & LONGITUDE
GPS Nav
a) Turn the large FMS Knob one click to the left to highlight
‘TEMPORARY’.
With the cursor in the ‘WAYPOINT TYPE’ field, turn the small FMS Knob to
display a list of waypoint types.
8)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select LAT/LON (latitude and longitude).
9)
Press the ENT Key.
3)
Press the NEW Softkey. A waypoint is created at the current aircraft
position.
4)
Enter the desired waypoint name.
5)
Press the ENT Key.
6)
The cursor is now in the ‘WAYPOINT TYPE’ field. If desired, the waypoint
can be made temporary (deleted automatically when the system is turned
off). If the waypoint is to remain in the system, proceed to step 7.
Appendix
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the User WPT Information Page.
Annun/
Alerts
2)
Abnormal
Operation
Turn the large FMS Knob on the MFD to select the ‘WPT’ page group.
Additional
Features
1)
a) Turn the large FMS Knob one click to the left to highlight
‘TEMPORARY’.
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
Index
b) Press the ENT Key to place a check-mark in the box. Turn the large
FMS Knob to place the cursor back in the ‘WAYPOINT TYPE’ field.
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Hazard
Avoidance
CREATE A USER WAYPOINT DEFINED BY RADIALS FROM OTHER WAYPOINTS
Procedures
7)
Flight
Planning
b) Press the ENT Key to place a check-mark in the box. Turn the large
FMS Knob to place the cursor back in the ‘WAYPOINT TYPE’ field.
21
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Flight Planning
7)
With the cursor in the ‘WAYPOINT TYPE’ field, turn the small FMS Knob to
display a list of waypoint types.
8)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select RAD/RAD (radial/radial).
9)
Press the ENT Key.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
10) The cursor moves to the ‘REFERENCE WAYPOINTS’ field. With the first
waypoint name highlighted, use the FMS Knobs to enter the desired
waypoint name. Waypoints may also be selected as follows:
AFCS
a) When a flight plan is active, turning the small FMS Knob to the left will
display a list of the flight plan waypoints.
b) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the desired waypoint.
GPS Nav
c) Press the ENT Key.
Or:
Flight
Planning
a) Turn the small FMS Knob to the left. Initially, a flight plan waypoint list
is displayed.
Procedures
b) Turn the small FMS Knob to the right to display the ‘NRST’ airports to
the aircraft’s current position.
c) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the desired waypoint.
d) Press the ENT Key.
Hazard
Avoidance
Or:
Additional
Features
a) Turn the small FMS Knob to the left. Initially, a flight plan waypoint list
is displayed.
b) Turn the small FMS Knob to the right to display the ‘RECENT’
waypoints.
Abnormal
Operation
c) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the desired waypoint.
d) Press the ENT Key.
Annun/
Alerts
Or:
a) Turn the small FMS Knob to the left. Initially, a flight plan waypoint list
is displayed.
Appendix
b) Turn the small FMS Knob to the right to display the ‘USER’ waypoints.
c) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the desired waypoint.
Index
d) Press the ENT Key.
11) Press the ENT Key. The cursor is displayed in the ‘RAD’ (radial) field. Enter
the desired radial from the reference waypoint.
22
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Flight Planning
13) Repeat step 10 to enter the next waypoint name.
15) Press the ENT Key.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
16) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
3)
Press the NEW Softkey. A waypoint is created at the current aircraft
position.
4)
Enter the desired waypoint name.
5)
Press the ENT Key.
6)
The cursor is now in the ‘WAYPOINT TYPE’ field. If desired, the waypoint
can be made temporary (deleted automatically when the system is turned
off). If the waypoint is to remain in the system, proceed to step 7.
Procedures
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the User WPT Information Page.
Flight
Planning
2)
GPS Nav
Turn the large FMS Knob on the MFD to select the ‘WPT’ page group.
AFCS
CREATE A USER WAYPOINT DEFINED BY A RADIAL & DISTANCE FROM
ANOTHER WAYPOINT
1)
Hazard
Avoidance
a) Turn the large FMS Knob one click to the left to highlight
‘TEMPORARY’.
With the cursor in the ‘WAYPOINT TYPE’ field, turn the small FMS Knob to
display a list of waypoint types.
8)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select RAD/DIS (radial/distance).
9)
Press the ENT Key.
Annun/
Alerts
a) When a flight plan is active, turning the small FMS Knob to the left will
display a list of the flight plan waypoints.
Index
b) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the desired waypoint.
Appendix
10) The cursor moves to the ‘REFERENCE WAYPOINTS’ field. With the first
waypoint name highlighted, use the FMS Knobs to enter the desired
waypoint name. Waypoints may also be selected as follows:
c) Press the ENT Key.
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
Abnormal
Operation
7)
Additional
Features
b) Press the ENT Key to place a check-mark in the box. Turn the large
FMS Knob to place the cursor back in the ‘WAYPOINT TYPE’ field.
190-01326-01 Rev. A
EIS
14) Press the ENT Key. The cursor is displayed in the ‘RAD’ (radial) field for the
second waypoint. Enter the desired radial from the reference waypoint.
Flight
Instruments
12) Press the ENT Key.
23
Flight Planning
Flight
Instruments
Or:
a) Turn the small FMS Knob to the left. Initially, a flight plan waypoint list
is displayed.
EIS
b) Turn the small FMS Knob to the right to display the ‘NRST’ airports to
the aircraft’s current position.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
c) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the desired waypoint.
d) Press the ENT Key.
Or:
AFCS
a) Turn the small FMS Knob to the left. Initially, a flight plan waypoint list
is displayed.
GPS Nav
b) Turn the small FMS Knob to the right to display the ‘RECENT’
waypoints.
c) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the desired waypoint.
Flight
Planning
d) Press the ENT Key.
Or:
Procedures
a) Turn the small FMS Knob to the left. Initially, a flight plan waypoint list
is displayed.
Hazard
Avoidance
b) Turn the small FMS Knob to the right to display the ‘USER’ waypoints.
c) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the desired waypoint.
d) Press the ENT Key.
Additional
Features
11) Press the ENT Key. The cursor is displayed in the ‘RAD’ (radial) field. Enter
the desired radial from the reference waypoint.
Abnormal
Operation
12) Press the ENT Key.
13) The cursor is now displayed in the ‘DIS’ (distance) field. Enter the desired
distance from the reference waypoint.
15) Press the FMS Knob to remove the flashing cursor.
DELETE A USER WAYPOINT
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
14) Press the ENT Key.
24
1)
Turn the large FMS Knob to select the ‘WPT’ page group.
2)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the User WPT Information Page.
3)
Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Flight Planning
Turn the small FMS Knob to highlight the desired waypoint.
6)
Press the DELETE Softkey.
7)
The message ‘Would you like to delete the user waypoint?’ is displayed. With
‘YES’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
CREATE A FLIGHT PLAN
Flight
Planning
Procedures
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
Abnormal
Operation
Annun/
Alerts
Appendix
Creating a stored flight plan:
1) Press the FPL Key.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob clockwise to display the Flight Plan Catalog Page.
3) Select the NEW Softkey; or press the MENU Key, highlight ‘Create New
Flight Plan’, and press the ENT Key to display a blank flight plan for the
first empty storage location.
GPS Nav
Creating an active flight plan:
1) Press the FPL Key.
2) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor (only on MFD).
3) Turn the small FMS Knob to display the Waypoint Information Window.
(Turning it clockwise displays a blank Waypoint Information Window,
turning it counter-clockwise displays the Waypoint Information Window
with a waypoint selection submenu allowing selection of active flight plan,
nearest, recent, user, or airway waypoints).
4) Enter the identifier, facility, or city name of the departure waypoint or select
a waypoint from the submenu of waypoints and press the ENT Key. The
active flight plan is modified as each waypoint is entered.
5) Repeat step numbers 3 and 4 to enter each additional flight plan waypoint.
6) When all waypoints have been entered, press the FMS Knob to remove the
cursor.
AFCS
NOTE: When creating a flight plan in the Active Flight Plan Window, the first
leg is activated automatically after it is created.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
5)
EIS
Turn the large FMS Knob to the place the cursor in the ‘USER WAYPOINT LIST’
field.
Flight
Instruments
4)
Index
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
25
4)
Turn the small FMS Knob to display the Waypoint Information Window.
(Turning it clockwise displays a blank Waypoint Information Window,
turning it counter-clockwise displays the Waypoint Information Window
with a waypoint selection submenu allowing selection of active flight plan,
nearest, recent, user, or airway waypoints).
5)
Enter the identifier, facility, or city name of the departure waypoint or select
a waypoint from the submenu of waypoints and press the ENT Key.
6)
Repeat step numbers 4 and 5 to enter each additional flight plan waypoint.
7)
When all waypoints have been entered, press the FMS Knob to return to
the Flight Plan Catalog Page. The new flight plan is now in the list.
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Flight Planning
GPS Nav
IMPORT A FLIGHT PLAN FROM AN SD CARD
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
NOTE: See the Annunciations & Alerts section for flight plan import message
descriptions.
1)
Insert the SD card containing the flight plan in the top card slot on the
MFD.
2)
Press the FPL Key on the MFD to display the Active Flight Plan Page.
3)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the Flight Plan Catalog Page.
4)
Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
5)
Turn either FMS Knob to highlight an empty or existing flight plan.
6)
Press the IMPORT Softkey.
Abnormal
Operation
If an empty flight plan is selected, a list of the available flight plans on
the SD card will be displayed.
Or:
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
If an existing flight plan is selected, an ‘Overwrite existing flight plan?
OK or CANCEL’ prompt is displayed. Press the ENT Key to choose to
overwrite the selected flight plan and see a list of the available flight
plans on the SD card. If overwriting the existing flight plan is not
desired, select ‘CANCEL’ using the FMS Knob, press the ENT Key, select
another existing or empty flight plan, and again press the IMPORT
Softkey.
26
7)
Turn the small FMS Knob to highlight the desired flight plan for importing.
8)
Press the ENT Key.
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Flight Planning
1)
Press the FPL Key to display the active flight plan.
2)
If required, press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
3)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the desired flight plan waypoint. The
new waypoint is inserted before the highlighted waypoint.
EIS
4)
Turn the small FMS Knob. The Waypoint Information Window is now
displayed.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Flight
Instruments
INSERT A WAYPOINT IN THE ACTIVE FLIGHT PLAN
5)
Enter the new flight plan waypoint by one of the following:
AFCS
a) Enter the user waypoint identifier, facility, or city.
b) Press the ENT Key.
b) Turn the small FMS Knob to the right to display the ‘NRST’ airport
waypoints to the aircraft’s current position.
Flight
Planning
a) Turn the small FMS Knob to the left. Initially, a flight plan waypoint list
is displayed.
GPS Nav
Or:
Procedures
c) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the desired waypoint.
d) Press the ENT Key.
a) Turn the small FMS Knob to the left. Initially, a flight plan waypoint list
is displayed.
Hazard
Avoidance
Or:
Additional
Features
b) Turn the small FMS Knob to the right to display the ‘RECENT’
waypoints.
Abnormal
Operation
c) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the desired waypoint.
d) Press the ENT Key.
e) Press the ENT Key again to accept the waypoint.
Annun/
Alerts
ENTER AN AIRWAY IN A FLIGHT PLAN
Press the FPL Key.
2)
Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor (not required on the PFD).
3)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the waypoint after the desired airway
entry point. If this waypoint is not a valid airway entry point, a valid entry
point should be entered at this time.
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
27
Index
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Appendix
1)
4)
Turn the small FMS Knob one click clockwise and press the LD AIRWY
Softkey, or press the MENU Key and select “Load Airway”. The Select
Airway Page is displayed. The LD AIRWY Softkey or the “Load Airway”
menu item is available only when an acceptable airway entry waypoint has
been chosen (the waypoint ahead of the cursor position).
5)
Turn the FMS Knob to select the desired airway from the list, and press the
ENT Key. Low altitude airways are shown first in the list, followed by “all”
altitude airways, and then high altitude airways.
6)
Turn the FMS Knob to select the desired airway exit point from the list, and
press the ENT Key. ‘LOAD?’ is highlighted.
7)
Press the ENT Key. The system returns to editing the flight plan with the
new airway inserted.
USER-DEFINED HOLDING PATTERNS
A holding pattern can be defined at any active flight plan waypoint, or at the aircraft
present position.
Creating a user-defined hold at an active flight plan waypoint:
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Flight Planning
1)
Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page (MFD) or the Active
Flight Plan Window (PFD).
2)
Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor (not required on the PFD) and
turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the waypoint for the hold.
3)
Press the MENU Key, highlight ‘Hold At Wpt’, and press the ENT Key. The
HOLD AT window appears with the course field highlighted.
4)
Use the FMS Knobs to edit the entry course, and press the ENT Key.
5)
Use the small FMS Knob to select ‘INBOUND’ or ‘OUTBOUND’ course
direction, and press the ENT Key.
6)
Use the small FMS Knob to select ‘TIME’ or ‘DIST’ length mode, and press
the ENT Key.
7)
Use the FMS Knobs to edit the length, and press the ENT Key.
8)
Use the small FMS Knob to select ‘RIGHT’ or ‘LEFT’ turn direction, and
press the ENT Key.
9)
Use the FMS Knobs to edit the Expect Further Clearance Time (EFC TIME),
and press the ENT Key.
10) Press the ENT Key while ‘LOAD?’ is highlighted to add the hold into the
flight plan.
28
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Flight Planning
Press the MENU Key, highlight ‘Hold At Present Position’, and press the
ENT Key. The HOLD AT window appears with the Length mode highlighted.
3)
Use the small FMS Knob to select ‘TIME’ or ‘DIST’ length mode, and press
the ENT Key.
4)
Use the FMS Knobs to edit the length, and press the ENT Key.
5)
Use the small FMS Knob to select ‘RIGHT’ or ‘LEFT’ turn direction, and
press the ENT Key.
6)
Use the FMS Knobs to edit the Expect Further Clearance Time (EFC TIME),
and press the ENT Key.
7)
Press the ENT Key while ‘ACTIVATE?’ is highlighted to immediately activate
the hold.
AFCS
2)
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page (MFD) or the Active
Flight Plan Window (PFD).
EIS
1)
Flight
Instruments
Creating a user-defined hold at the aircraft present position:
GPS Nav
Flight
Planning
Creating a user-defined hold at a Direct-To waypoint:
Procedures
Press a Direct-to Key and set up the Direct To waypoint as desired, but
select ‘HOLD?’ instead of ‘ACTIVATE?’ when finished.
2)
Use the FMS Knobs to edit the entry course, and press the ENT Key.
5)
Use the small FMS Knob to select ‘INBOUND’ or ‘OUTBOUND’ course
direction, and press the ENT Key.
6)
Use the small FMS Knob to select ‘TIME’ or ‘DIST’ length mode, and press
the ENT Key.
7)
Use the FMS Knobs to edit the length, and press the ENT Key.
8)
Use the small FMS Knob to select ‘RIGHT’ or ‘LEFT’ turn direction, and
press the ENT Key.
9)
Use the FMS Knobs to edit the Expect Further Clearance Time (EFC TIME),
and press the ENT Key.
Hazard
Avoidance
1)
Additional
Features
Abnormal
Operation
Annun/
Alerts
Appendix
10) Press the ENT Key while ‘ACTIVATE?’ is highlighted to activate the Direct To
with the user-defined hold defined at the Direct To waypoint.
Index
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
29
Flight Planning
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Removing a user-defined hold (created at the aircraft present position
or at a Direct-To waypoint):
2)
Press the MENU Key to display the PAGE MENU with the cursor on the
‘Cancel Direct To NAV’ selection.
3)
Press the ENT Key. The holding pattern is removed.
AFCS
GPS Nav
Flight
Planning
Procedures
1)
Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page (MFD) or the Active
Flight Plan Window (PFD).
2)
Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor (not required on the PFD) and
turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the HOLD waypoint.
3)
Press the CLR Key. A ‘Remove Holding Pattern?’ confirmation window is
displayed.
4)
Select ‘OK’ and press the ENT Key. The holding pattern is removed from
the active flight plan. Select ‘CANCEL’ and press the ENT Key to cancel the
removal of the holding pattern.
INVERT AN ACTIVE FLIGHT PLAN
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Press the Direct To Key to display the DIRECT TO Window (PFD or MFD).
Removing a user-defined hold (created at an active flight plan
waypoint):
1)
Press the FPL Key to display the active flight plan.
2)
Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu.
3)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘Invert Flight Plan’.
4)
Press the ENT Key. The original flight plan remains intact in its flight plan
catalog storage location.
5)
With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key to invert the flight plan.
REMOVE A DEPARTURE, ARRIVAL, APPROACH, OR AIRWAY FROM A FLIGHT
PLAN
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
1)
Press the FPL Key to display the active flight plan. Press the FMS Knob to
activate the cursor.
Index
1)
30
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Flight Planning
Flight
Instruments
Or, for a stored flight plan:
a) Press the FPL Key on the MFD.
b) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the Flight Plan Catalog Page.
EIS
c) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
d) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the desired flight plan.
3)
Press the CLR Key to display a confirmation window.
4)
With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key to remove the selected procedure
or airway.
After creating a flight plan on either the PFD or MFD, it may be saved by
pressing the MENU Key.
2)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘Store Flight Plan’ and press the ENT Key.
3)
With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key to store the flight plan.
Procedures
1)
Flight
Planning
STORE A FLIGHT PLAN
GPS Nav
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the title for the approach, departure,
arrival, or airway to be deleted. Titles appear in white directly above the
procedure’s waypoints.
AFCS
2)
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
e) Press the EDIT Softkey.
Hazard
Avoidance
EDIT A STORED FLIGHT PLAN
2)
Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
3)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the desired flight plan.
4)
Press the EDIT Softkey.
5)
Turn the large FMS Knob to place the cursor in the desired location.
6)
Enter the changes, then press the ENT Key.
7)
Press the FMS Knob to return to the Flight Plan Catalog Page.
Abnormal
Operation
Press the FPL Key on the MFD, then turn the small FMS Knob to display the
Flight Plan Catalog Page.
Additional
Features
1)
Annun/
Alerts
Appendix
Index
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
31
DELETE A WAYPOINT FROM THE FLIGHT PLAN
1)
Press the FPL Key to display the active flight plan. Press the FMS Knob to
activate the cursor.
Or, for a stored flight plan:
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Flight Planning
a) Press the FPL Key on the MFD.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
b) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the Flight Plan Catalog Page.
c) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
AFCS
d) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the desired flight plan.
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the waypoint to be deleted.
3)
Press the CLR Key to display a ‘REMOVE (Wpt Name)?’ confirmation
window.
4)
With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key to remove the waypoint. To cancel
the delete request, turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘CANCEL’ and press
the ENT Key.
5)
Once all changes have been made, press the FMS Knob to remove the
cursor.
Abnormal
Operation
Annun/
Alerts
1)
Press the FPL Key on the MFD.
2)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the Flight Plan Catalog Page.
3)
Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
4)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the desired flight plan.
5)
Press the INVERT Softkey. ‘Invert and activate stored flight plan?’ is
displayed.
6)
With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key. The selected flight plan is now
inverted and activated. The original flight plan remains intact in its flight plan
catalog storage location.
COPY A FLIGHT PLAN
Index
Appendix
2)
INVERT AND ACTIVATE A STORED FLIGHT PLAN
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
e) Press the EDIT Softkey.
32
1)
Press the FPL Key on the MFD.
2)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the Flight Plan Catalog Page.
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Flight Planning
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the flight plan to be copied.
5)
Press the COPY Softkey. A ‘Copy to flight plan #?’ confirmation window is
displayed.
6)
With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key to copy the flight plan. To cancel,
turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘CANCEL’ and press the ENT Key.
DELETE A FLIGHT PLAN
Press the FPL Key on the MFD.
2)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the Flight Plan Catalog Page.
3)
Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
4)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the flight plan to be deleted.
5)
Press the DELETE Softkey. A ‘Delete flight plan #?’ confirmation window is
displayed.
6)
With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT Key to delete the flight plan. To cancel,
turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘CANCEL’ and press the ENT Key.
AFCS
1)
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
4)
EIS
Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
Flight
Instruments
3)
GPS Nav
Flight
Planning
Procedures
GRAPHICAL FLIGHT PLAN CREATION
Press the FPL Key on the MFD to display the Active Flight Plan Page.
2)
Press the Joystick to activate the map pointer. Use the Joystick to move
the pointer to the desired point on the map to be inserted as a waypoint in
the flight plan.
3)
The default insertion point is at the end of the flight plan. If the selected
waypoint is to be placed anywhere other than the end of the flight plan,
press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor. Waypoints are inserted ABOVE
the cursor. Turn the large FMS Knob to select the desired insertion point.
4)
Press the LD WPT Softkey. The selected waypoint is inserted at the selected
point. The default user waypoint naming is USR000, USR001, USR002, and
so on.
Annun/
Alerts
5)
To change the user waypoint name, follow the procedure for modifying a user
waypoint.
Appendix
Hazard
Avoidance
1)
Additional
Features
Abnormal
Operation
Index
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
33
EXPORT A FLIGHT PLAN TO AN SD CARD
NOTE: See the Annunciations & Alerts section for flight plan export message
descriptions.
1)
Insert the SD card into the top card slot on the MFD.
2)
Press the FPL Key to display the Active Flight Plan Page on the MFD.
3)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the Flight Plan Catalog Page.
4)
Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
5)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the flight plan to be exported.
6)
Press the EXPORT Softkey.
7)
Press the ENT Key to confirm the export.
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Flight Planning
34
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Procedures
Flight
Instruments
PROCEDURES
LOAD AND ACTIVATE A DEPARTURE PROCEDURE
EIS
3)
Press the ENT Key. The cursor is displayed in the ‘DEPARTURE’ field with a
list of available departures.
4)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the desired departure.
5)
Press the ENT Key. A list of runways may be displayed for the departure. If
so, turn either FMS Knob to select the desired runway.
6)
Press the ENT Key. The cursor is displayed in the ‘TRANSITION’ field with a
list of available transitions.
7)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the desired transition.
8)
Press the ENT Key.
9)
With ‘LOAD?’ highlighted, press the ENT Key. The departure is active when
the flight plan is active.
Flight
Planning
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘SELECT DEPARTURE’.
Hazard
Avoidance
Press the FPL Key on the MFD to display the active flight plan.
2)
Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
3)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the desired waypoint within the
departure.
4)
Press the ACT LEG Softkey. A confirmation window showing the selected
leg is displayed.
5)
With ‘ACTIVATE’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
Additional
Features
1)
Abnormal
Operation
Annun/
Alerts
LOAD AN ARRIVAL PROCEDURE
Press the PROC Key.
2)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘SELECT ARRIVAL’.
3)
Press the ENT Key. The cursor is displayed in the ‘ARRIVAL’ field with a list
of available arrivals.
Appendix
1)
35
Index
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
Procedures
ACTIVATE A DEPARTURE LEG
190-01326-01 Rev. A
GPS Nav
2)
AFCS
Press the PROC Key.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
1)
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Procedures
4)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the desired arrival.
5)
Press the ENT Key. A list of transitions is displayed for the selected arrival.
6)
Turn either FMS Knob to select the desired transition.
7)
Press the ENT Key. A list of runways may be displayed for the selected
arrival.
8)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the desired runway.
9)
Press the ENT Key.
10) With ‘LOAD?’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
AFCS
11) The arrival becomes part of the active flight plan.
GPS Nav
12) If an altitude associated with a waypoint in an arrival procedure is to be
used to calculate vertical guidance perform the following steps:
a) Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
c) Press the ENT Key to designate the altitude for use in giving vertical
guidance.
ACTIVATE AN ARRIVAL LEG
1)
Press the FPL Key on the MFD to display the active flight plan.
2)
Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
3)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the desired waypoint within the
arrival.
4)
Press the ACT LEG Softkey. A confirmation window showing the selected
leg is displayed.
5)
With ‘ACTIVATE’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
LOAD AND/OR ACTIVATE AN APPROACH PROCEDURE
NOTE: If certain GPS parameters (SBAS, RAIM, etc.) are not available, some
published approach procedures for the desired airport may not be displayed
in the list of available approaches.
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
b) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the desired waypoint altitude.
36
1)
Press the PROC Key.
2)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘SELECT APPROACH’.
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Procedures
Press the ENT Key. A list of available approaches for the destination airport
is displayed.
4)
Turn either FMS Knob to highlight the desired approach.
5)
Press the ENT Key. A list of available transitions for the selected approach
procedure is now displayed.
EIS
6)
Turn either FMS Knob to select the desired transition. The “Vectors”
option assumes vectors will be received to the final course segment of
the approach and will provide navigation guidance relative to the final
approach course.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
7)
Press the ENT Key. The cursor moves to the MINIMUMS field.
8)
If desired, the DA/MDA for the selected approach procedure may be
entered and displayed on the PFD. Turn the small FMS Knob in the
direction of the green arrow to change the display from OFF to BARO.
9)
Press the ENT Key. The cursor moves to the altitude field. Turn the small
FMS Knob to enter the published DA/MDA for the selected approach
procedure.
AFCS
GPS Nav
Flight
Planning
Procedures
10) Press the ENT Key. If BARO, or OFF was selected step 8, proceed to step
11. If TEMP COMP was selected in step 8, the cursor moves to the ‘TEMP
AT....” field. Turn the small FMS Knob to enter the temperature at the
destination airport. The temperature compensated altitude minimum is
displayed below the previously enter minimum altitude value.
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
11) Press the ENT Key. ‘LOAD? or ACTIVATE?’ is now displayed with ‘LOAD?’
highlighted.
12) Turn the large FMS Knob to select either ‘LOAD?’ or ‘ACTIVATE?’.
Abnormal
Operation
Selecting ‘LOAD?’ enters the selected approach procedure into the active
flight plan, but is not currently active. Selecting ‘ACTIVATE?’ enters the
selected approach procedure into the active flight plan and activates the
first leg of the approach.
Annun/
Alerts
13) Press the ENT Key.
2)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘ACTIVATE APPROACH’.
3)
Press the ENT Key.
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
Index
Press the PROC Key.
Appendix
ACTIVATE AN APPROACH IN THE ACTIVE FLIGHT PLAN
1)
Flight
Instruments
3)
37
ACTIVATE A VECTOR TO FINAL APPROACH FIX
1)
Press the PROC Key.
2)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘ACTIVATE VECTOR-TO-FINAL’.
3)
Press the ENT Key.
4)
The final approach course becomes the active leg.
ACTIVATE A MISSED APPROACH IN THE ACTIVE FLIGHT PLAN
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Procedures
1)
Press the PROC Key.
2)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘ACTIVATE MISSED APPROACH’.
3)
Press the ENT Key. A confirmation window is displayed.
4)
With ‘ACTIVATE’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
Press the Go-around Button.
TEMPERATURE COMPENSATED ALTITUDE
When temperature compensated altitude is enabled for the loaded approach, the
altitudes associated with the approach waypoints are displayed in slanted text.
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
Or:
Annun/
Alerts
Altitudes Displayed Without
Temperature Compensation
Altitudes Displayed With
Temperature Compensation
Index
Appendix
Enabling temperature compensated altitude:
1) From the Active Flight Plan Page, press the MENU Key. The Page Menu is
displayed.
2) Turn the FMS Knob to highlight ‘Temperature Compensation’.
3) Press the ENT Key. The TEMPERATURE COMPENSATION Window is
displayed.
38
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Procedures
Use the small FMS Knob to select the temperature at the <airport>. The
compensated altitude is computed as the temperature is selected.
Press the ENT Key. ‘ACTIVATE COMPENSATION?’ is highlighted.
6)
Press the ENT Key. The compensated altitudes for the approach are
EIS
5)
shown in the flight plan.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Disabling temperature compensated altitude:
1) From the Active Flight Plan Page, press the MENU Key. The Page Menu is
displayed.
2) Turn the FMS Knob to highlight ‘Temperature Compensation’.
3) Press the ENT Key. The TEMPERATURE COMPENSATION Window is
displayed.
4) Press the ENT Key. ‘CANCEL COMPENSATION?’ is highlighted.
AFCS
GPS Nav
Press the ENT Key. The temperature compensated altitude at the FAF
is cancelled.
Flight
Planning
5)
Flight
Instruments
4)
Procedures
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
Abnormal
Operation
Annun/
Alerts
Appendix
Index
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
39
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Procedures
Blank Page
40
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Hazard Avoidance
Flight
Instruments
HAZARD AVOIDANCE
CUSTOMIZING THE HAZARD DISPLAYS ON THE NAVIGATION MAP
With the Navigation Map Page displayed, press the MENU Key to display
the Navigation Map Page Menu. The cursor flashes on the ‘Map Setup’
option.
2)
Press the ENT Key. The Map Setup Menu is displayed. Turn the small FMS
Knob to select ‘Traffic’ to customize the display of traffic.
3)
Press the small FMS Knob to return to the Navigation Map Page.
EIS
1)
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
AFCS
STORMSCOPE® (OPTIONAL)
Flight
Planning
Procedures
Displaying Stormscope Lightning Data on the Navigation Map Page
Press the MAP Softkey.
2)
Press the STRMSCP Softkey. Press the STRMSCP Softkey again to remove
Stormscope Lightning Data from the Navigation Map Page.
Additional
Features
Symbol
Hazard
Avoidance
1)
Lightning Age
Strike is less than 6 seconds old
GPS Nav
WARNING: The Stormscope system is not intended to be used for hazardous
thunderstorm penetration. Weather information on the G950 MFD is approved
for weather avoidance only. Refer to the WX-500 Pilot’s Guide for detailed
operation.
Abnormal
Operation
Strike is between 6 and 60 seconds old
Strike is between 1 and 2 minutes old
Annun/
Alerts
Strike is between 2 and 3 minutes old
Select ‘Cell’ or ‘Strike’ as the Stormscope Lightning Mode
2)
Turn either FMS Knob to highlight ‘Map Setup’.
3)
Press the ENT Key.
4)
Turn the small FMS Knob to highlight ‘Weather’.
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
Index
Press the MENU Key (with the Navigation Map Page displayed).
Appendix
1)
41
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Hazard Avoidance
5)
Press the ENT Key.
6)
Turn the large FMS Knob to place the cursor in the ‘STRMSCP MODE’ field.
7)
Turn the small FMS Knob to display the ‘Cell/Strike’ window.
8)
Turn either FMS Knob to select ‘Cell’ or ‘Strike’. Press the ENT Key.
9)
Push the FMS Knob to return to the Navigation Map Page.
AFCS
Clear Stormscope Lightning Data from the Navigation Map Page
1)
Press the MENU Key (with the Navigation Map Page displayed).
2)
Turn either FMS Knob to highlight the ‘Clear Stormscope® Lightning’ field
and press the ENT Key.
GPS Nav
NOTE: If heading input is lost, strikes and/or cells must be cleared manually
Flight
Planning
after the execution of each turn. This is to ensure that the strike and/or cell
positions are depicted accurately in relation to the nose of the aircraft.
Procedures
Stormscope Page
1)
Turn the large FMS Knob until the Map Page group is selected.
2)
Turn the small FMS Knob until the Stormscope Page is selected.
1)
Select the Stormscope Page.
2)
Press the MODE Softkey. The CELL and STRIKE Softkeys are displayed.
Press the CELL Softkey to display ‘CELL’ data or press the STRIKE Softkey
to display ‘STRIKE’ data. ‘CELL’ or ‘STRIKE’ is displayed in the mode box
located in the upper left corner of the Stormscope Page.
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Change the Stormscope Lightning Mode Between ‘Cell’ and ‘Strike’
Annun/
Alerts
NOTE: “Cell mode” uses a clustering program to identify clusters of electrical
activity that indicate cells.
Appendix
Change the Viewing Mode Between 360˚ and 120˚
1)
Select the Stormscope Page.
2)
Press the VIEW Softkey. The 360 and ARC Softkeys are displayed. Press
the 360 Softkey to display a 360˚ viewing area or press the ARC Softkey to
display a 120˚ viewing area.
Index
Press the CLEAR Softkey to remove all Stormscope lightning data from the
display.
42
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Hazard Avoidance
Press the MAP Softkey.
2)
Press the NEXRAD or XM LTNG Softkey to display the desired weather.
Press the applicable softkey again to remove weather data from the
Navigation Map Page.
AFCS
1)
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Displaying SiriusXM Weather on the Navigation Map Page
2)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the Airport Information Page.
3)
Press the WX Softkey to display METAR and TAF text (METAR and TAF
information is updated every 12 minutes).
Flight
Planning
Turn the large FMS Knob to select the WPT Page Group.
GPS Nav
Display METAR and TAF information on the Airport Information Page
1)
Procedures
Displaying Weather on the Weather Data Link Page
2)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the Weather Data Link Page.
3)
Press the available softkeys to select the desired SiriusXM Weather product.
4)
Press the LEGEND Softkey to view the legends for the selected products. If
necessary, turn either FMS Knob to scroll through the list. Press the small
FMS Knob or the ENT Key to return to the map.
Abnormal
Operation
Map Panning Information – Weather Data Link Page
Push in the Joystick to display the panning arrow.
2)
Move the Joystick to place the panning arrow on AIRMETs, TFRs, METARs,
or SIGMETs.
3)
Press the ENT Key to display pertinent information for the selected product.
Appendix
Note that pressing the ENT Key when panning over an AIRMET or a
SIGMET displays an information box that shows the text of the report.
Panning over an airport with METAR information does not display more
information but allows the user to press the ENT Key and select that
Airport’s Information Page to display the text of the report. Pressing the
ENT Key when panning over a TFR displays TFR specific information.
Annun/
Alerts
1)
Index
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
Additional
Features
Turn the large FMS Knob to select the Map Page Group.
Hazard
Avoidance
1)
190-01326-01 Rev. A
EIS
WARNING: Do not use data link weather information for maneuvering in, near,
or around areas of hazardous weather. Information contained within data
link weather products may not accurately depict current weather conditions.
Flight
Instruments
SIRIUSXM WEATHER (OPTIONAL)
43
Hazard Avoidance
Flight
Instruments
SiriusXM Weather Products and Symbols
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
SiriusXM Weather Product
Procedures
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
Abnormal
Operation
Annun/
Alerts
Appendix
Index
Broadcast
Rate
(Minutes)
5 (U.S.)
10 (Canada)
15 (69/69A)
30 (69/69A
SXM)
Next-generation Radar
(NEXRAD)
30
Cloud Top
(CLD TOP)
60
Echo Top
(ECHO TOP)
30
7.5
SiriusXM Lightning
(XM LTNG)
30
5
Cell Movement
(CELL MOV)
30
12
60
12
90
12
90
12
Surface Analysis
(SFC)
60
12
Freezing Levels
(FRZ LVL)
120
12
Winds Aloft
(WIND)
90
12
County Warnings
(COUNTY)
60
5
Cyclone Warnings
(CYCLONE)
60
12
SIGMETs/AIRMETs
(SIG/AIR)
Meteorological Aerodrome
Report
(METARs)
City Forecast
(CITY)
44
Symbol
Expiration
Time
(Minutes)
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Hazard Avoidance
90
22
Pilot Weather Report
(PIREPs)
90
12
Air Report
(AIREPs)
90
12
Turbulence
(TURB)
180
12
30
5
60
12
60
12
Symbol
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Icing Potential (CIP and SLD)
(ICNG)
SiriusXM Weather Product
EIS
Broadcast
Rate
(Minutes)
Flight
Instruments
Expiration
Time
(Minutes)
AFCS
Flight
Planning
Procedures
Temporary Flight Restrictions
(TFRs)
Terminal Aerodrome Reports
(TAFs)
no product
image
no product
image
no product
image
GPS Nav
No Radar Coverage
SiriusXM Weather Product Symbols and Data Timing
Hazard
Avoidance
GARMIN CONNEXT WEATHER (OPTIONAL)
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
45
Index
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Appendix
A subscriber account must be established prior to receiving Worldwide Weather
products. Contact Garmin Flight Data Services at https://fly.garmin.com/fly-garmin/
support/applications/satelliteservices/ or by calling 1-866-739-5687 in the United
States or (011) 913-440-1135.
Annun/
Alerts
Registering with Garmin Connext
Abnormal
Operation
Weather data is provided when the pilot initiates either a manual or automatic
Connext Weather data request on the Connext Weather Data Link Page on the MFD.
No weather data is displayed until the first Connext Weather Data Request is made.
Additional
Features
WARNING: Do not use data link weather information for maneuvering in, near,
or around areas of hazardous weather. Information contained within data
link weather products may not accurately depict current weather conditions.
After a subscriber account has been established, the system must be registered
for data link features such as reporting services or Connext Worldwide Weather.
Registration is accomplished by entering the required access code. This process is only
performed when initially setting up the system for Garmin Connext services.
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Hazard Avoidance
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Registering the System for Data Link Services
With the aircraft outside and having a clear view of the sky, turn the large
FMS Knob on the MFD to select the AUX page group.
2)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the AUX-SYSTEM STATUS. Note the
System ID number in the AIRFRAME field.
3)
Turn the large FMS Knob to select the MAP Page group.
4)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the MAP-WEATHER DATA LINK Page.
5)
Press the MENU Key. If necessary, select ‘Display Connext Weather’.
6)
Press ENT Key. The ‘GARMIN FLIGHT DATA SERVICE REGISTRATION’
Window is now displayed.
7)
Press the MENU Key. The Page Menu window is now displayed.
8)
Using the FMS Knob enter the access code obtained from Garmin Flight
Data Services in the ACCESS CODE field.
9)
Press the ENT Key. REGISTER will now be highlighted.
10) Press the ENT Key. System registration is complete when ‘REGISTERED’ is
displayed in the STATUS field.
Accessing Connext Weather Products
Additional
Features
Abnormal
Operation
Annun/
Alerts
Appendix
Index
1)
1)
Turn the large FMS Knob to select the Map Page Group.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the Connext Weather Data Link Page.
When a weather product is selected for display on the Connext Weather Data Link
Page, a box containing a symbol for the product and its age (in minutes) are shown
in the upper right. If weather data has not been requested, ‘N/A’ is shown next to the
product symbol instead of age. The age of the weather product is based on the time
difference between when the data was assembled on the ground and the current GPS
time. Weather products are updated continuously or refreshed at specific intervals
(defined in the Refresh Rate column in the following table).
If for any reason, a weather product is not refreshed within the defined Expiration
Time intervals, the data is considered expired and is removed from the display. The
age of the expired product is replaced by dashes. If more than half of the expiration
time has elapsed, the color of the product age readout changes to yellow.
46
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Hazard Avoidance
90
Continuous
no product
image
60
Continuous
no product
image
60
Continuous
Annun/
Alerts
Pilot Weather Report
(PIREPs)
Temporary Flight
Restrictions
(TFRs)
Terminal Aerodrome
Forecasts
(TAFs)
Abnormal
Operation
Continuous
Additional
Features
90
Hazard
Avoidance
Continuous
Procedures
90
Flight
Planning
Continuous
GPS Nav
60
SIGMETs/AIRMETs
(SIG/AIR)
Meteorological
Aerodrome Report
(METARs)
Winds Aloft
(WIND)
AFCS
Continuous
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
30
EIS
Data Link Lightning
(DL LTNG)
Flight
Instruments
The refresh rate represents the interval at which the Garmin Connext servers make
available the most current known weather data. It does not necessarily represent the
rate at which new content is received from weather sources.
Expiration Time
Garmin Connext
Refresh Rate
Symbol
(Minutes)
Weather Product
(Minutes)
U.S.: 3*
Canada: 3*†
Radar Precipitation
30
(PRECIP)
Europe: 15
Australia: 15ˆ
Infrared Satellite
60
30
(IR SAT)
Appendix
* The composite precipitation image is updated every 3 minutes, but individual radar sites may take
between 3 and 10 minutes to provide new data.
†
Canadian radar precipitation data provided by Environment Canada.
ˆ Australian radar precipitation data provided by the Australian Bureau of Meteorology.
Garmin Connext Weather Product Symbols and Data Timing
Index
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
47
Hazard Avoidance
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Setting Up and Customizing the Connext Weather Data Link Page
1)
Select the Connext Weather Data Link Page.
2)
Press the MENU Key.
3)
With ‘Weather Setup’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
4)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select ‘Product Group 1’ or ‘Product Group 2’,
and press the ENT Key.
5)
Turn the large FMS Knob or press the ENT Key to scroll through product
selections.
6)
Turn the small FMS Knob to scroll through options for each product (ON/
OFF, range settings, etc.).
7)
Press the ENT Key to select an option.
8)
Press the FMS Knob or CLR Key to return to the Connext Weather Data
Link Page with the changed settings.
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Restoring Default Connext Weather Data Link Page Settings
1)
Select the Connext Weather Data Link Page.
2)
Press the MENU Key.
3)
With ‘Weather Setup’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
4)
Press the MENU Key.
5)
Highlight the desired default(s) to restore (all or for selection) and press
ENT Key.
1)
Turn the large FMS Knob on the MFD to select the MAP page group.
2)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the desired Weather Data Link Page.
3)
4)
Press the MENU Key.
Turn the large FMS Knob to select ‘Display Connext Weather’, or ‘Display
XM Weather’ (choice dependent on current weather source) and press the
ENT Key.
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Switching Between Connext and SiriusXM Weather Sources
48
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Hazard Avoidance
Flight
Instruments
Viewing Legends for Displayed Connext Weather Products
Select the Connext Weather Data Link Page.
2)
Press the LEGEND Softkey to display the legends for the displayed weather
products.
EIS
1)
Or:
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
a) Press the MENU Key.
b) Select ‘Weather Legend’ and press the ENT Key.
4)
To remove the Legend Window, press the LEGEND Softkey, the ENT or the
CLR Key, or press the FMS Knob.
Flight
Planning
Setting Up and Customizing Weather Data for the Navigation Map
Page
GPS Nav
Turn the FMS Knob to scroll through the legends if more are available than
fit in the window.
AFCS
3)
Press the MENU Key.
3)
With ‘Map Setup’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
4)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the ‘Weather’ Group and press the ENT
Key.
5)
Turn the large FMS Knob or press the ENT Key to scroll through product
selections.
6)
Turn the small FMS Knob to scroll through options for each product (ON/
OFF, range settings).
7)
Press the ENT Key to select an option.
8)
Press the FMS Knob or CLR Key to return to the Navigation Map Page with
the changed settings.
Additional
Features
2)
Hazard
Avoidance
Select the Navigation Map Page.
Procedures
1)
Abnormal
Operation
Annun/
Alerts
Connext Weather Data Requests
Appendix
The Connext Data Request window provides the flight crew with the options to
define the requested weather coverage area(s), choose automatic weather update
intervals (if desired), and the ability to send or cancel weather data requests. The
window also displays the status of the Connext data request process.
Index
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
49
Hazard Avoidance
1)
Select the Connext Weather Data Link Page.
2)
Press the MENU Key.
3)
With ‘Connext Weather Request’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
4)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the desired coverage option(s)
and press the ENT Key to check or uncheck one of more of the following
coverage selections:
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Requesting Connext Weather Data Manually
• PRESENT POSITION – Requests data based on current location.
GPS Nav
AFCS
• DESTINATION – Requests data based on active flight plan
destination (if the flight plan contains no destination, dashes ‘------” are
displayed.)
Flight
Planning
• FPL – Requests data based on active flight plan. Turn the small
FMS Knob to select the desired flight plan look-ahead distance
option (or choose ‘REMAINING FPL’ to request the remainder of the
flight plan).
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
• WAYPOINT – Requests data based on any valid waypoint.
5)
Turn the large FMS Knob highlight to the ‘DIAMETER / RTE WIDTH’
distance field and turn the small FMS Knob to select the desired diameter
and route width of the request, then press the ENT Key.
6)
Turn the large FMS Knob until the ‘SEND REQ’ button is highlighted. Press
the ENT Key to initiate the request immediately or press the FMS Knob to
return to the Connext Data Link Page without requesting data.
During a Connext Data Request, the Request Status box initially displays
“Contacting Connext...”. Once a connection is established, the Request Status Box
displays “Receiving Wx Data... Time Remaining:” with an estimated data transfer time
(either minutes or seconds). If desired, the Connext Data Request window may be
closed while the data request is processing by pressing the FMS Knob; the data request
will continue to process in the background. Connext Data Requests typically take
between 1 to 4 minutes to complete depending on the size of the selected weather
coverage area and Iridium signal strength.
The system retrieves all available Worldwide Weather products within the selected
coverage area during an initial Connext Data Request, regardless of which products (if
any) are currently enabled for display. On subsequent requests, previously retrieved
textual data (such as METARs and TAFs) is retained if it has not expired, while new
textual weather data matching the current coverage area and all graphical weather data
is downloaded during every data request.
50
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Hazard Avoidance
Description
Auto requests inhibited
Send manual request to
reset.
The system has disabled automatic weather data requests due
to excessive errors. Automatic weather data requests have
stopped. Send a manual weather data request to resume
automatic updates.
The system will attempt another automatic weather data
request after an error occurred during the previous request.
Timer counts down until the next automatic request occurs.
A communications error has occurred with the GIA. The system
should be serviced.
This occurs if multiple automatic weather data requests have
recently failed, or the GDL 59 or a GIA is off-line.
The Iridium or Connext networks are not accessible. Check
Iridium signal strength. If this error persists, the system should
be serviced.
A communications error has occurred. It this error persists, the
system should be serviced.
A weather data transfer has timed out. Check Iridium signal
strength and re-send the data request.
A server error has occurred or invalid data received.
Annun/
Alerts
Connext Server
Temporarily Inop
Connext Server Inop
There is a problem with the Connext registration. Contact
Garmin Flight Data Services at 1-866-739-5687 in the United
States or (011) 913-440-1135 for assistance.
The Connext weather data server is temporarily out of service,
but is expected to return to service in less than 30 minutes.
The Connext weather data server will be out of service for at
least 30 minutes.
Abnormal
Operation
Connext Login Invalid
Additional
Features
Connext Comm Error [8]
Hazard
Avoidance
Connext Comm Error [7]
Procedures
Connext Comm Error [6]
Flight
Planning
Connext Comm Error [5]
GPS Nav
Connext Comm Error [4]
AFCS
Connext Comm Error [2]
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Auto update retry: ##
Seconds
EIS
Weather Request
Status Message
Flight
Instruments
If the system cannot complete a Connext weather data request, one or more
messages will appear in the request status window as shown in the following table.
Appendix
Index
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
51
Hazard Avoidance
Flight
Instruments
Weather Request
Status Message
Description
The weather data request coverage area does not contain at
least one of the following: a waypoint, a flight plan, or a flight
plan destination. Verify at least one of the coverage options is
enabled (checked) and contains required criteria, then re-send
the data request.
No Connext Subscription The system is not be currently subscribed to Connext, or the
access code is incorrect. Verify the access code. Contact
Garmin Flight Data Services at 1-866-739-5687 in the United
States or (011) 913-440-1135 for assistance.
Reduce Request Area
The Connext weather data request area exceeds size limits.
Reduce weather coverage area and re-send data request.
Request Cancelled
The user has cancelled a Connext weather data request.
Requested area too
large. Reduce coverage
area.
The size of the Connext weather data request has exceeded
limits. Reduce the size of the coverage area and try the weather
data request again.
Request Failed - Try
Again
Transfer Preempted
The weather data request timed-out. Re-send data request.
The data link is busy. Retry request later.
Cancelling a Connext Weather Data Request in Progress
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Invalid Coverage Area
1)
Select the Connext Weather Data Link Page.
2)
Press the MENU Key.
3)
With ‘Connext Data Request’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
4)
Turn the large FMS Knob to select ‘CANCEL REQ’ and press the ENT Key.
The request status box indicates ‘Request Cancelled’.
5)
Press the FMS Knob to return to the Connext Weather Data Link Page.
Index
Appendix
Enabling Automatic Connext Data Requests
52
1)
Select the Connext Weather Data Link Page.
2)
Press the MENU Key.
3)
With ‘Connext Weather Request’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Hazard Avoidance
Turn the large FMS Knob to select the ‘UPDATE RATE’ setting. Then turn
the small FMS Knob to highlight the desired automatic update frequency
(OFF, 5 Min, 10 Min, 15 Min, 20 Min, 25 Min, 30 Min, 45 Min, or 60 Min),
then press the ENT Key.
6)
The ‘SEND REQ” button is highlighted and a countdown timer is displayed
in the ‘REQUEST STATUS’ based on the currently selected update rate.
Press the ENT Key to immediately send an immediate Connext Data
Request.
AFCS
Or:
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
5)
EIS
Choose the desired weather coverage options.
Flight
Instruments
4)
Press the FMS Knob to return to the Connext Weather Data Link Page.
GPS Nav
Worldwide Weather Products
Press the MAP Softkey (for the PFD Inset Map, press the INSET Softkey).
This step is not necessary on the Connext Weather Data Link Page.
2)
Press the PRECIP Softkey.
Annun/
Alerts
Appendix
Radar data shown represents lowest level, base reflectivity, of radar returns. The
display of the information is color-coded to indicate the weather severity level. All
weather product legends can be viewed on the Connext Weather Data Link Page. For
the Precipitation legend, press the LEGEND Softkey when Precipitation is selected
for display.
Abnormal
Operation
1)
Additional
Features
Displaying Precipitation Weather Information
Hazard
Avoidance
NOTE: Precipitation data cannot be displayed on the Navigation Map Page
at the same time as terrain.
Procedures
Precipitation data is not real-time. The lapsed time between collection, processing,
and dissemination of radar images can be significant and may not reflect the current
radar synopsis. Due to the inherent delays and the relative age of the data, it should
be used for long-range planning purposes only.
Flight
Planning
Precipitation
Index
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
53
Hazard Avoidance
Flight
Instruments
Precipitation Limitations
Infrared Satellite
Infrared Satellite (IR SAT) data depicts cloud top temperatures from satellite
imagery. Brighter cloud top colors indicate cooler temperatures occurring at higher
altitudes.
Displaying Cloud Tops information
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Radar images may have certain limitations:
• Radar base reflectivity does not provide sufficient information to determine cloud
layers or precipitation characteristics (wet hail vs. rain). For example, it is not
possible to distinguish between wet snow, wet hail, and rain.
• Radar base reflectivity is sampled at the minimum antenna elevation angle. An
individual radar site cannot depict high altitude storms at close ranges. It has
no information about storms directly over the site.
• When zoomed in to a range of 30 nm, each square block on the display represents
an area of four square kilometers.
The following may cause abnormalities in displayed radar images:
• Ground clutter
• Strobes and spurious radar data
• Sun strobes (when the radar antenna points directly at the sun)
• Interference from buildings or mountains, which may cause shadows
• Metallic dust from military aircraft, which can cause alterations in radar scans
1)
Select the Connext Weather Data Link Page.
2)
Press the IR SAT Softkey.
To display the Infrared Satellite legend, press the LEGEND Softkey when Infrared
Satellite data is selected for display.
Data Link Lightning
Lightning data shows the approximate location of cloud-to-ground lightning strikes.
A strike icon represents a strike that has occurred within a two-kilometer region.
Neither cloud-to-cloud nor the exact location of the lightning strike is displayed.
If the aircraft is also equipped with an on-board lightning detection system (e.g.,
L-3 WX-500 Stormscope®), only one lightning product may be enabled for display at
a time.
54
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Hazard Avoidance
Press the MAP Softkey (for the PFD Inset Map, press the INSET Softkey).
This step is not necessary on the Connext Weather Data Link Page.
2)
Press the DL LTNG Softkey.
EIS
1)
Flight
Instruments
Displaying Data Link Lightning information
GPS Nav
Displaying SIGMETs and AIRMETs
AFCS
SIGMETs and AIRMETs
The entire SIGMET or AIRMET is displayed as long as any portion of it is occurring
within the coverage area of the Connext data request.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
To display the Data Link Lightning legend on the Weather Data Link Page, press the
LEGEND Softkey when Data Link Lightning is selected for display.
2)
Press the SIG/AIR Softkey.
3)
To view the text of the SIGMET or AIRMET, press the RANGE Knob and move
the Map Pointer over the icon.
4)
Press the ENT key.
METARs and TAFs
Hazard
Avoidance
To display the SIGMET and AIRMET legend, press the LEGEND Softkey when
SIGMETs and AIRMETs are selected for display.
Procedures
Select the Connext Weather Data Link Page.
Flight
Planning
1)
NOTE: METAR information is only displayed within the installed navigation
database service area.
Additional
Features
METAR and TAF text are displayed on the WPT-Weather Information Page. TAF
information is displayed in its raw form when it is available.
Abnormal
Operation
2)
Press the RANGE Knob and pan to the desired airport.
3)
Press the ENT Key. The Weather Information Page is shown with METAR
and TAF text.
4)
Use the FMS Knob or the ENT Key to scroll through the METAR and TAF
text. METAR text must be completely scrolled through before scrolling
through the TAF text.
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
Index
On the Connext Weather Data Link Page, press the METAR Softkey.
Appendix
1)
Annun/
Alerts
Displaying METAR and TAF text
55
Hazard Avoidance
Flight
Instruments
5)
Or:
EIS
1)
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
b) Press the WX Softkey to select the Weather Information Page.
2)
Press the FMS Knob to display the cursor.
3)
Use the FMS Knob to enter the desired airport and press the ENT Key.
4)
Use the FMS Knob or the ENT Key to scroll through the METAR and TAF
text. Note that the METAR text must be completely scrolled through before
scrolling through the TAF text.
To display the METAR legend on the Connext Weather Data Link Page, press the
LEGEND Softkey when METARs are selected for display.
Winds Aloft
Winds Aloft data shows the forecasted wind speed and direction at the surface and
at selected altitudes. Altitude can be displayed in 3,000-foot increments up to 42,000
feet MSL.
Displaying Winds Aloft data
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Select the Weather Information Page.
a) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the Waypoint Page Group.
Abnormal
Operation
Annun/
Alerts
Appendix
Index
Press the FMS Knob or the CLR Key to return to the Connext Weather Data
Link Page.
1)
Select the Connext Weather Data Link Page.
2)
Press the MORE WX Softkey.
3)
Press the WIND Softkey.
4)
Press the desired altitude level: SFC (surface) up to 42,000 feet. Press the
NEXT or PREV Softkey to cycle through the altitude softkeys. The WIND
Softkey label changes to reflect the altitude selected.
To display the Winds Aloft legend, press the LEGEND Softkey when Winds Aloft
is selected for display.
PIREPs
Pilot Weather Reports (PIREPs) describe in-flight weather encountered by pilots.
A PIREP may contain unforecast adverse weather conditions, such as low in-flight
visibility, icing conditions, wind shear, turbulence, and type of aircraft flown. PIREPs
are issued as either Routine (UA) or Urgent (UUA).
56
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Hazard Avoidance
Select the Connext Weather Data Link Page.
2)
Press the MORE WX Softkey.
3)
Press the PIREPS Softkey.
4)
Press the RANGE Knob and pan to the desired weather report. A gray
circle will appear around the weather report when it is selected.
5)
Press the ENT Key. The PIREP text is first displayed in a decoded fashion,
then as raw text.
6)
Use the FMS Knob or the ENT Key to scroll through the PIREP text.
7)
Press the FMS Knob or the CLR Key to close the PIREP text window and
return to the Connext Weather Data Link Page.
EIS
1)
Flight
Instruments
Displaying PIREP text
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
AFCS
Flight
Planning
The PIREP color is determined by the type (routine or urgent).
Appendix
Index
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
Annun/
Alerts
Traffic Advisory (TA) arrow with ADS-B directional information. Points in
the direction of the intruder aircraft track (GTS 800/820/825 only).
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Abnormal
Operation
Traffic Advisory Off Scale
Additional
Features
Description
Non-Threat Traffic
(intruder is beyond 5 nm and greater than 1200’ vertical separation)
Proximity Advisory (PA) (Not available with TIS)
(intruder is within 5 nm and less than 1200’ vertical separation)
Traffic Advisory (TA)
(closing rate, distance, and vertical separation meet TA criteria)
Hazard
Avoidance
• If Traffic information Service (TIS) is configured, STANDBY, OPERATE, and
TNA MUTE softkeys are displayed.
• If a Traffic Advisory System (TAS) is configured, STANDBY, NORMAL, TEST,
and ALT MODE softkeys are displayed.
Procedures
TRAFFIC SYSTEMS
Traffic Symbol
GPS Nav
To display the PIREP or AIREP legend, press the LEGEND Softkey when PIREPs or
AIREPs are selected for display.
57
Traffic Symbol
Description
Proximity Advisory (PA) arrow with ADS-B directional information. Points
in the direction of the aircraft track (GTS 800/820/825 only).
Non-threat traffic arrow with ADS-B directional information. Points in the
direction of the intruder aircraft track (GTS 800/820/825 only).
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Hazard Avoidance
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
PA or Non-threat traffic arrow with ADS-B directional information, but
positional accuracy is degraded. Points in the direction of the aircraft
track (GTS 800/820/825 only).
Traffic Symbol Description
GPS Nav
Traffic Information Service (TIS)
Flight
Planning
NOTE: If the G950 is configured to use a Traffic Advisory System (TAS), TIS is
not available for use.
Procedures
NOTE: Traffic Information Service (TIS) is only available when the aircraft is
within the service volume of a TIS capable terminal radar site.
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Displaying Traffic on the Traffic Map Page
1)
Turn the large FMS Knob to select the Map Page Group.
2)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the Traffic Map Page.
3)
Press the OPERATE Softkey to begin displaying traffic. ‘OPERATING’ is
displayed in the Traffic Mode field.
4)
Press the STANDBY Softkey to place the system in the Standby Mode.
‘STANDBY’ is displayed in the Traffic Mode field.
5)
Rotate the Joystick clockwise to display a larger area or rotate counterclockwise to display a smaller area.
6)
Press the TNA MUTE Softkey to mute the “Traffic Not Available” aural
alert.
Index
Displaying Traffic on the Navigation Map
58
1)
Ensure TIS is operating. With the Navigation Map displayed, press the
MAP Softkey.
2)
Press the TRAFFIC Softkey. Traffic is now displayed on the map.
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Hazard Avoidance
Flight
Instruments
Traffic Advisory System (TAS) (Optional)
System Self Test
Set the range to 2/6 nm.
2)
Select the STANDBY Softkey.
3)
Select the TEST Softkey.
4)
Self test takes approximately eight seconds to complete. When completed
successfully, traffic symbols are displayed and a voice alert “TAS System Test
OK” is heard. If the self test fails, the system reverts to Standby Mode and
a voice alert “TAS System Test Fail” is heard.
EIS
1)
GPS Nav
2)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the second rectangular page icon.
3)
Select the NORMAL Softkey to begin displaying traffic. ‘OPERATING’ is
displayed in the Traffic Mode field.
4)
Select the ALT MODE Softkey to change the altitude volume. Select the
desired altitude volume by selecting the BELOW, NORMAL, ABOVE, or
UNREST (unrestricted) Softkey. The selection is displayed in the Altitude
Mode field.
5)
Select the STANDBY Softkey to place the system in the Standby Mode.
‘STANDBY’ is displayed in the Traffic Mode field.
6)
Rotate the Joystick clockwise to display a larger area or rotate counterclockwise to display a smaller area.
7)
Select the FLT ID Softkey (GTS 800/820 only) to enable or disable Flight ID
displayed with the intruder information.
Flight
Planning
Turn the large FMS Knob to select the Map Page Group.
Procedures
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
3)
Select the TRAFFIC Softkey. Traffic is now displayed on the map.
Appendix
With the Navigation Map displayed, select the MAP Softkey.
Annun/
Alerts
2)
Abnormal
Operation
Displaying Traffic on the Navigation Map
Ensure TAS is operating.
AFCS
1)
1)
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Displaying Traffic on the Traffic Map Page
Index
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
59
TERRAIN AND OBSTACLE PROXIMITY
NOTE: Terrain data is not displayed when the aircraft latitude is greater than
75 degrees north or 60 degrees south.
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Hazard Avoidance
1)
Turn the large FMS Knob to select the Map Page Group.
2)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the last rectangular page icon.
3)
If desired, press the VIEW Softkey to access the ARC and 360 Softkeys.
When the ARC Softkey is pressed, a radar-like 120° view is displayed. Press
the 360 Softkey to return to the 360° default display.
4)
Rotate the Joystick clockwise to display a larger area or rotate counterclockwise to display a smaller area.
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Displaying Terrain and Obstacles on the Terrain Proximity Page
Terrain/Obstacle Location
Red
Terrain/Obstacle above or within 100’
below current aircraft altitude.
Yellow
Terrain/Obstacle between 100’ and
1000’ below current aircraft altitude.
Black
Terrain/Obstacle is more than 1000’
below aircraft altitude.
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Displaying Terrain and Obstacles on the Navigation Map
1)
With the Navigation Map displayed, press the MAP Softkey.
2)
Press the TERRAIN Softkey. Terrain and obstacle proximity will now be
displayed on the map.
TERRAIN-SVS (OPTIONAL)
NOTE: Terrain-SVS is only available when the Synthetic Vision System (SVS)
option is installed and the TAWS option has not been installed.
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Color
Index
NOTE: Terrain data is not displayed when the aircraft latitude is greater than
75 degrees north or 60 degrees south.
60
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Hazard Avoidance
2)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the Terrain-SVS Page.
3)
If desired, select the VIEW Softkey to access the ARC and 360 softkeys.
When the ARC Softkey is selected, a radar-like 120° view is displayed.
Select the 360 Softkey to return to the 360° default display.
4)
Rotate the Joystick clockwise to display a larger area or rotate counterclockwise to display a smaller area.
Terrain/Obstacle above or within 100’
below current aircraft altitude.
Yellow
Terrain/Obstacle between 100’ and
1000’ below current aircraft altitude.
Black
Terrain/Obstacle is more than 1000’
below aircraft altitude.
Flight
Planning
Red
GPS Nav
Terrain/Obstacle Location
AFCS
Color
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Turn the large FMS Knob to select the Map Page Group.
EIS
1)
Flight
Instruments
Display Terrain on the TERRAIN-SVS Page
Procedures
Enable/Disable Aviation Data
While the Terrain-SVS Page is displayed, press the MENU Key.
2)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select “Show (or Hide) Aviation Data”.
3)
Press the ENT Key.
Hazard
Avoidance
1)
Additional
Features
Terrain-SVS Inhibit
Abnormal
Operation
Inhibit Terrain
While the Terrain-SVS Page is displayed, select the INHIBIT Softkey.
Or:
1) Press the MENU Key.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to select ‘Inhibit Terrain’.
3) Press the ENT Key.
Annun/
Alerts
Appendix
Index
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
61
Hazard Avoidance
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Enable Terrain
While the Terrain-SVS Page is displayed, select the INHIBIT Softkey.
Or:
1) While the Terrain-SVS Page is displayed, press the MENU Key.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to select ‘Enable Terrain’.
3) Press the ENT Key.
TERRAIN AWARENESS & WARNING SYSTEM (TAWS-B) DISPLAY (OPTIONAL)
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
NOTE: If Terrain-SVS alerts are inhibited when the Final Approach Fix is the
active waypoint in a GPS SBAS approach, a LOW ALT annunciation may appear
on the PFD next to the altimeter if the current aircraft altitude is at least 164
feet below the prescribed altitude at the Final Approach Fix.
Procedures
NOTE: Terrain data is not displayed when the aircraft latitude is greater than
75 degrees north or 60 degrees south.
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Manual System Test
1)
While the TAWS-B Page is displayed, press the MENU Key.
2)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select ‘Test TAWS’.
3)
Press the ENT Key. During the test ‘TAWS TEST’ is displayed in the center
of the TAWS-B Page.
Abnormal
Operation
When all is in working order, “TAWS System Test, OK” is heard.
1)
Turn the large FMS Knob to select the Map Page Group.
2)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the TAWS-B Page.
3)
If desired, press the VIEW Softkey to access the ARC and 360 softkeys.
When the ARC Softkey is selected, a radar-like 120° view is displayed.
Press the 360 Softkey to return to the 360° default display.
4)
Rotate the Joystick clockwise to display a larger area or rotate counterclockwise to display a smaller area.
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Display Terrain on the TAWS-B Page
62
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Hazard Avoidance
Terrain/Obstacle above or within 100’
below current aircraft altitude.
Yellow
Terrain/Obstacle between 100’ and
1000’ below current aircraft altitude.
Black
Terrain/Obstacle is more than 1000’
below aircraft altitude.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Red
EIS
Terrain/Obstacle Location
Flight
Instruments
Color
Enable/Disable Aviation Data
2)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select “Show (or Hide) Aviation Data”.
3)
Press the ENT Key.
GPS Nav
While the TAWS-B Page is displayed, press the MENU Key.
AFCS
1)
TAWS Inhibit
Flight
Planning
Procedures
Inhibit TAWS
While the TAWS-B Page is displayed, press the INHIBIT Softkey.
Or:
1) Press the MENU Key.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to select ‘Inhibit TAWS’.
3) Press the ENT Key.
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
Enable TAWS
While the TAWS-B Page is displayed, press the INHIBIT Softkey.
Or:
1) While the TAWS-B Page is displayed, press the MENU Key.
2) Turn the small FMS Knob to select ‘Enable TAWS’.
3) Press the ENT Key.
Abnormal
Operation
Annun/
Alerts
Appendix
NOTE: If TAWS alerts are inhibited when the Final Approach Fix is the active
waypoint in a GPS SBAS approach, a LOW ALT annunciation may appear on
the PFD next to the altimeter if the current aircraft altitude is at least 164
feet below the prescribed altitude at the Final Approach Fix.
Index
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
63
AIRBORNE COLOR WEATHER RADAR (OPTIONAL)
WARNING: Begin transmitting only when it is safe to do so. When transmitting while the aircraft is on the ground, no personnel or objects should be
within 9.16 feet of the antenna.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Hazard Avoidance
AFCS
CAUTION: In Standby mode, the antenna is parked at the center line. It is
always a good idea to put the radar in Standby mode before taxiing the aircraft to prevent the antenna from bouncing on the bottom stop and possibly
causing damage to the radar assembly.
1)
Turn the large FMS Knob to select the Map Page Group.
2)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the Weather Radar Page.
3)
Press the MODE Softkey.
4)
If the aircraft is on the ground, press the STANDBY Softkey. When a GWX
68 is installed, a one minute warm-up period is initiated. After the warmup is complete, the radar will enter the Standby Mode. When a GWX 70 is
installed, the radar will enter Standby Mode immediately. After the aircraft
is airborne, press the WEATHER Softkey.
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
Displaying Weather on the Weather Radar Page
Or:
5)
Turn the Joystick to select the desired range.
6)
If desired, press the VERTICAL Softkey for vertical scanning.
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
If the aircraft is already airborne, press the WEATHER or GROUND
Softkey. When a GWX 68 is installed, a one-minute warm-up period will
be initiated, after which the radar will begin transmitting. When a GWX
70 is installed, there is no warm-up period and radar begins transmitting
immediately. The horizontal scan is initially displayed.
64
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Hazard Avoidance
< 23 dBZ
23 dBZ to < 32 dBZ
32 dBZ to < 41 dBZ
41 dBZ to < 50 dBZ
50 dBZ and greater
Green
Yellow
Red
Magenta
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Black
EIS
Intensity
Flight
Instruments
Weather Mode Color
Approximate
Precipitation Rate (in/
hr.)
< .01.
.01 - 0.1.
0.1 - 0.5
0.5 - 2
>2
AFCS
Adjusting Antenna Tilt
65
Index
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
Appendix
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Annun/
Alerts
Press the VERTICAL Softkey. A vertical ‘slice’ of the selected area will now
be displayed.
Abnormal
Operation
2)
Additional
Features
1) While in the Horizontal Scan view, move the Joystick to place the Bearing
Line on the desired storm cell, or other area, to be vertically scanned.
Hazard
Avoidance
Vertically Scan a Storm Cell
Procedures
Move the Joystick right or left to adjust the azimuth position of the antenna right
or left. Monitor the displayed bearing value in the BEARING field.
When scanning horizontally, a Bearing Line may be displayed to aid in positioning
the antenna for the vertical scan. If the Bearing Line is not displayed, perform the
following steps:
1) Press the MENU Key
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to select ‘Show Bearing Line’.
3) Press the ENT Key.
Flight
Planning
Adjusting Antenna Bearing
GPS Nav
Move the Joystick up or down to adjust the tilt of the antenna up or down.
Monitor the displayed tilt value in the TILT field.
When scanning vertically, a Tilt Line may be displayed to aid in positioning the tilt
of the antenna. If the Tilt Line is not displayed, perform the following steps:
1) Press the MENU Key
2) Turn the large FMS Knob to select ‘Show Tilt Line’.
3) Press the ENT Key.
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Hazard Avoidance
3)
Move the Joystick right or left to move the scanned “slice” a few degrees
right or left.
4)
Turn the Joystick to adjust the range.
5)
To select a new area to be vertically scanned, press the HORIZON Softkey
to return to the Horizontal Scan view and repeat the previous steps.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Adjusting Gain
1)
Press the GAIN Softkey to activate the cursor in the ‘GAIN’ field.
2)
Turn the small FMS Knob to adjust the gain for the desirable level. The
gain setting is visible in the gain field as a movable horizontal bar in
a flashing box. The line pointer is a reference depicting the calibrated
position.
3)
Press the FMS Knob to remove the cursor.
4)
Press the GAIN Softkey again to recalibrate the gain. ‘CALIBRATED’ will be
displayed in the ‘GAIN’ field.
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
WARNING: Changing the gain in Weather Mode will cause precipitation
intensity to be displayed as a color not representative of the true intensity.
Remember to return the gain setting to ‘Calibrated’ for viewing the actual
intensity of precipitation.
1)
Press the MODE Softkey.
2)
Press the GROUND Softkey to place the radar in Ground Map Mode.
3)
Press the BACK Softkey.
4)
Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor
5)
Press the FMS Knob to place the cursor in the ‘TILT’ field
6)
Adjust the antenna tilt angle by turning the small FMS Knob to position the
ground returns as desired.
7)
Press the FMS Knob to remove
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Ground Mapping
66
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Hazard Avoidance
Black
Yellow
Blue
0 dB
> 0 dB to < 9 dB
9 dB to < 18 dB
18 dB to < 27 dB
27 dB and greater
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Magenta
Intensity
EIS
Cyan
Flight
Instruments
Ground Map
Mode Color
AFCS
Sector Scan
2)
Press the FMS Knob to display the cursor.
3)
Turn the large FMS Knob to place the cursor in the SECTOR SCAN field.
4)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select FULL, 60˚, 40˚, or 20˚ scan.
5)
If desired, readjust the Bearing Line with the Joystick to change the center
of the Sector Scan.
6)
Press the FMS Knob to remove the cursor.
Flight
Planning
While in the Horizontal Scan Mode, move the Joystick right or left to place
the Bearing Line in the desired position. The location of the Bearing Line
will become the center point of the Sector Scan.
Hazard
Avoidance
Press the STAB ON Softkey to activate antenna stabilization or press the
STAB OFF Softkey to deactivate. The current stabilization condition is
shown in the upper right of the weather radar display.
Abnormal
Operation
2)
Additional
Features
To activate or deactivate the antenna stabilization, press the MODE
Softkey.
Procedures
Antenna Stabilization
1)
GPS Nav
1)
Annun/
Alerts
Weather Attenuated Color Highlight (WATCH®)
To activate or deactivate the WATCH® feature, press the WATCH Softkey. This
feature is only available in the Horizontal Scan Mode.
Appendix
Index
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
67
Weather Alert
To activate or deactivate Weather Alert, press the WX ALRT Softkey. Activating and
deactivating will also enable or inhibit the alert on the PFD.
Automatic Standby
When the weather radar system is in the Weather or Ground Map Mode, upon
landing the system will automatically switch to Standby Mode.
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Hazard Avoidance
68
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Additional Features
Flight
Instruments
ADDITIONAL FEATURES
SYNTHETIC VISION (OPTIONAL)
Additional
Features
Abnormal
Operation
3)
Select the SYN TERR Softkey.
4)
Select the BACK Softkey to return to the previous page.
Appendix
Select the SYN VIS Softkey.
Annun/
Alerts
2)
Hazard
Avoidance
Select the PFD Softkey.
Procedures
Displaying SVS Terrain
1)
Flight
Planning
Pathways
Flight Path Marker
Horizon Heading Marks
Terrain and Obstacle Alerting
Three-dimensional Traffic
Airport Signs
Runway Display
GPS Nav
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
AFCS
Synthetic Vision System (SVS) functionality is offered as an optional enhancement
to the G950 system.
SVS is primarily comprised of a computer-generated forward-looking, attitude
aligned view of the topography immediately in front of the aircraft from the pilot’s
perspective. SVS information is shown on the primary flight display (PFD).
In addition to SVS enhancement to the PFD, the following features have been
added to the PFD:
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
WARNING: Do not use SVS runway depiction as the sole means for
determining the proximity of the aircraft to the runway or for maintaining
the proper approach path angle during landing.
EIS
WARNING: Use appropriate primary systems for navigation, and for terrain,
obstacle, and traffic avoidance. SVS is intended as an aid to situational awareness only and may not provide either the accuracy or reliability upon which
to solely base decisions and/or plan maneuvers to avoid terrain, obstacles,
or traffic.
Index
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
69
Additional Features
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Displaying Pathways
2)
Select the SYN VIS Softkey.
3)
If not already enabled, select the SYN TERR Softkey.
4)
Select the PATHWAY Softkey.
5)
Select the BACK Softkey to return to the previous page.
AFCS
GPS Nav
Flight
Planning
1)
Select the PFD Softkey.
2)
Select the SYN VIS Softkey.
3)
If not already enabled, select the SYN TERR Softkey.
4)
Select the HRZN HDG Softkey.
5)
Select the BACK Softkey to return to the previous page.
Procedures
Displaying Airport Signs
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
Select the PFD Softkey.
Displaying Heading on the Horizon
1)
Select the PFD Softkey.
2)
Select the SYN VIS Softkey.
3)
If not already enabled, select the SYN TERR Softkey.
4)
Select the APTSIGNS Softkey.
5)
Select the BACK Softkey to return to the previous page.
TERMINAL PROCEDURE CHARTS
NOTE: With the availability of SafeTaxi®, ChartView, or FliteCharts®, it may
be necessary to carry another source of charts on-board the aircraft.
Abnormal
Operation
Annun/
Alerts
Appendix
Index
1)
SafeTaxi®
SafeTaxi® is an enhanced feature that gives greater map detail as the map range
is adjusted in on the airport. The airport display on the map reveals runways with
numbers, taxiways identifiers, and airport landmarks including ramps, buildings,
control towers, and other prominent features. Resolution is greater at lower map
ranges. The aircraft symbol provides situational awareness while taxiing.
Selecting the DCLTR Softkey (declutter) once removes the taxiway markings and
airport identification labels. Selecting the DCLTR Softkey twice removes VOR station
70
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Additional Features
AFCS
Procedures
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
Abnormal
Operation
View Charts from the Navigation Map Page
Select the SHW CHRT Softkey when displayed.
Select the DP, STAR, APR, WX, and NOTAM softkeys to access charts for
departures, arrivals, approaches, weather and NOTAMs Note that NOTAMS
are only available with ChartView.
3)
Select the GO BACK Softkey to return to the previous page.
71
Index
2)
Appendix
Move the map pointer to point to a desired point on the map and select the
SHW CHRT Softkey.
Annun/
Alerts
Or:
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
Flight
Planning
FliteCharts® resemble the paper version of AeroNav Services terminal procedures
charts. The charts are displayed with high-resolution and in color for applicable
charts. Current aircraft position is not displayed on FliteCharts.
The FliteCharts database contains procedure charts for the United States only.
This database is updated on a 28-day cycle. If not updated within 180 days of the
expiration date, FliteCharts will no longer function.
GPS Nav
FliteCharts® (Optional)
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
ChartView resembles the paper version of Jeppesen terminal procedures charts.
The charts are displayed in full color with high-resolution. The MFD depiction shows
the aircraft position on the moving map in the plan view of most approach charts and
on airport diagrams.
The ChartView database is updated on a 14-day cycle. If the ChartView database
is not updated within 70 days of the expiration date, ChartView will no longer
function.
1)
EIS
ChartView (Optional)
Flight
Instruments
ID, the VOR symbol, and intersection names if within the airport plan view. Selecting
the DCLTR Softkey a third time removes the airport runway layout, unless the airport
in view is part of an active route structure. Selecting the DCLTR Softkey again cycles
back to the original map detail.
The SafeTaxi database contains detailed airport diagrams for selected airports.
These diagrams provide the pilot with situational awareness by displaying the aircraft
position in relation to taxiways, ramps, runways, terminals, and services. This
information should not be used by the pilot as the basis for maneuvering the aircraft
on the ground. This database is updated on a 56-day cycle.
Additional Features
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
View Charts from the Active Flight Plan Page
1)
While viewing the Active Flight Plan Page, press the FMS Knob to activate
the cursor.
2)
Turn the large FMS Knob to select the departure airport, destination
airport, departure, arrival, or approach.
3)
Select the SHW CHRT Softkey. The appropriate chart is displayed, if
available for the item selected.
4)
Select the GO BACK Softkey to return to the previous page.
1)
While viewing a chart press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu
OPTIONS.
2)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the ‘Chart Setup’ Menu Option and
press the ENT Key.
3)
Turn the large FMS Knob to move between the ‘FULL SCREEN’ and ‘COLOR
SCHEME’ Options.
4)
Turn the small FMS Knob to choose between the ‘On’ and ‘Off’ Full Screen
Options.
5)
Turn the small FMS Knob to choose between ‘Day’, ‘Auto’, and ‘Night’
Options.
6)
In Auto Mode, turn the large FMS Knob to select the percentage field and
change percentage with the small FMS Knob. The percentage of change is
the day/night crossover point based on backlighting intensity.
7)
Press the FMS Knob when finished to remove the Chart Setup Menu.
AIRPORT DIRECTORY
The AOPA or optional AC-U-KWIK® Airport Directory adds enhanced airport
information when viewing airports on the WPT-Airport Information Page.
The Airport Directory databases are revised every 56 days and is available
through subscription. Check fly.garmin.com for the current database.
View Airport Directory Information
While viewing the WPT-Airport Information Page, if necessary, select the
INFO-1 Softkey to change the softkey label to display INFO-2. Airport
information is displayed on the right half of the display.
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Change Day/Night View
72
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Additional Features
The XM Radio Page provides information and control of the audio entertainment
features of the SiriusXM Satellite Radio.
2)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select XM Radio.
3)
Select the RADIO Softkey to show the XM Radio Page where audio
entertainment is controlled.
AFCS
Turn the large FMS Knob to select the Auxiliary Page Group.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
1)
EIS
Selecting the XM Radio Page
Active Channel and Channel List
Flight
Planning
Selecting a Category
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
Abnormal
Operation
Select an Available Channel within the Selected Category
While on the XM Radio Page, select the CHNL Softkey.
2)
Select the CH + Softkey to go down through the list in the Channel Box, or
move up the list with the CH – Softkey.
Appendix
Or:
Annun/
Alerts
1)
Press the FMS Knob to highlight the channel list and turn the large FMS
Knob to scroll through the channels.
Index
With the desired channel highlighted, press the ENT Key.
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
Procedures
The Category Box of the XM Radio Page displays the currently selected category
of audio.
1) Select the CATGRY Softkey on the XM Radio Page.
2) Select the CAT + and CAT - softkeys to cycle through the categories.
Or:
Turn the small FMS Knob to display the ‘Categories’ list. Highlight the
desired category with the small FMS Knob.
3) Press the ENT Key.
190-01326-01 Rev. A
GPS Nav
The Active Channel Box on the XM Radio Page displays the currently selected
channel. The Channels List Box of the XM Radio Page shows a list of the available
channels for the selected category.
3)
Flight
Instruments
SIRIUSXM SATELLITE RADIO ENTERTAINMENT (OPTIONAL)
73
Additional Features
1)
While on the XM Radio Page, select the CHNL Softkey.
2)
Select the DIR CH Softkey. The channel number in the Active Channel Box
is highlighted.
3)
Select the numbered softkeys located on the bottom of the display to
directly select the desired channel number.
4)
Press the ENT Key to activate the selected channel.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Entering a Channel Directly
AFCS
Assigning Channel Presets
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
Up to 15 channels from any category can be assigned a preset number.
1) On the XM Radio Page, with the desired channel active, select the
PRESETS Softkey to access the first five preset channels (PS1 - PS5).
2) Select the MORE Softkey to access the next five channels (PS6 – PS10),
and again to access the last five channels (PS11 – PS15). Selecting the
MORE Softkey repeatedly cycles through the preset channels.
3) Select the SET Softkey.
4) Select any one of the (PS1 - PS15) softkeys to assign a number to the
active channel.
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Adjusting Volume
1)
With the XM Radio Page displayed, select the VOL Softkey.
2)
Select the VOL – Softkey to reduce volume or select the VOL + Softkey to
increase volume. (Once the VOL Softkey is selected, the volume can also be
adjusted using the small FMS Knob.)
3)
Select the MUTE Softkey to mute the audio. Select the MUTE Softkey
again to unmute the audio.
SCHEDULER
Scheduler messages appear in the Alerts Window on the PFD. When a scheduler
message is waiting, the ALERTS Softkey label changes to ADVISORY. Pressing the
ADVISORY Softkey opens the Alerts Window and acknowledges the scheduler
message. The softkey label reverts to ALERTS when pressed, the Alerts Window is
removed from the display, and the scheduler message is deleted from the message
queue.
74
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Additional Features
EIS
Enter a Scheduler Message
Flight
Instruments
Message timers set to periodic alerting automatically reset to the original timer
value once the message is displayed. When power is cycled, all messages are retained
until deleted, and message timer countdown is resumed.
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the first empty scheduler message
naming field.
4)
Use the FMS Knob to enter the message text to be displayed in the Alerts
Window and press the ENT Key.
5)
Press the ENT Key again or use the large FMS Knob to move the cursor to
the field next to Type.
6)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the message alert type:
Flight
Planning
3)
GPS Nav
Press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
AFCS
2)
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
1) Select the AUX - Utility Page.
• Event—Message issued at the specified date/time
• Periodic—Message issued each time the message timer reaches zero
8)
For periodic and one-time message, use the FMS Knob to enter the timer
value (HH:MM:SS) from which to countdown and press the ENT Key.
9)
For event-based messages:
Additional
Features
Press the ENT Key again or use the large FMS Knob to move the cursor to
the next field.
Hazard
Avoidance
7)
Procedures
• One-time—Message issued when the message timer reaches zero
(default setting)
c) Use the FMS Knob to enter the desired time (HH:MM) and press the
ENT Key.
Appendix
10) Press the ENT Key again or use the large FMS Knob to move the cursor to
enter the next message.
Annun/
Alerts
b) Press the ENT Key again or use the large FMS Knob to move the cursor
to the next field.
Abnormal
Operation
a) Use the FMS Knob to enter the desired date (DD-MM-YY) and press
the ENT Key.
Index
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
75
Additional Features
Flight
Instruments
Delete a Scheduler Message
Press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
EIS
3)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the name field of the scheduler
message to be deleted.
4)
Press the CLR Key to clear the message text. If the CLR Key is pressed
again, the message is restored.
5)
Press the ENT Key while the message line is cleared to clear the message
time.
PILOT PROFILES
When the system is powered on, the last selected pilot profile is shown on the MFD
power-up screen. The system can store up to 25 profiles; the currently active profile,
the amount of memory used, and the amount of memory available are shown at the
top of the AUX - System Setup Page in the box labeled ‘Pilot Profile’.
Creating a Profile
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
2)
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
1) Select the AUX - Utility Page.
1) Use the FMS Knob to select the AUX - System Setup Page.
Hazard
Avoidance
2)
Press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘CREATE’ in the Pilot Profile Box.
Additional
Features
4)
Press the ENT Key. A ‘Create Profile’ window is displayed.
5) Use the FMS Knob to enter a profile name up to 16 characters long and
6)
In the next field, use the small FMS Knob to select the desired settings
upon which to base the new profile. Profiles can be created based on
Garmin factory defaults, default profile settings (initially based on Garmin
factory defaults unless edited by the pilot), or current system settings.
7)
Press the ENT Key.
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
press the ENT Key. Pilot profile names cannot begin with a blank as the
first letter.
8) With ‘CREATE’ highlighted, press the ENT Key to create the profile.
Or:
Index
Use the large FMS Knob to select ‘CREATE and ACTIVATE’ and press the
ENT Key to activate the new profile.
76
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Additional Features
To cancel the process, select ‘CANCEL’ with the large FMS Knob and press
the ENT Key.
10) Press the FMS Knob to deactivate the cursor.
EIS
Selecting an Active Profile
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
1) Use the FMS Knob to select the AUX - System Setup Page.
2)
Flight
Instruments
9)
Press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the active profile field in the Pilot
AFCS
Profile Box.
4) Turn the small FMS Knob to display the pilot profile list and highlight the
desired profile.
GPS Nav
5) Press the ENT Key. The system loads and displays the system settings for
the selected profile.
Press the FMS Knob to deactivate the cursor.
Flight
Planning
6)
Renaming a Profile
Procedures
1) Use the FMS Knob to select the AUX - System Setup Page.
2)
Press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
4)
Hazard
Avoidance
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘RENAME’ in the Pilot Profile Box.
Press the ENT Key.
rename.
6)
Press the ENT Key.
Abnormal
Operation
7) Use the FMS Knob to enter a new profile name up to 16 characters long
and press the ENT Key.
Annun/
Alerts
8) With ‘RENAME’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
9)
Additional
Features
5) In the ‘Rename Profile’ window, turn the FMS Knob to select the profile to
To cancel the process, use the large FMS Knob to select ‘CANCEL’ and
press the ENT Key.
Appendix
10) Press the FMS Knob to deactivate the cursor.
Index
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
77
Additional Features
Flight
Instruments
Deleting a Profile
NOTE: The profile that is currently active cannot be deleted. If this is the
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
desired profile to delete, select another profile, then delete the desired
profile.
1) Use the FMS Knob to select the AUX - System Setup Page.
2)
Press the FMS Knob momentarily to activate the flashing cursor.
AFCS
3) Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight ‘DELETE’ in the Pilot Profile Box.
4)
Press the ENT Key.
GPS Nav
5) In the ‘Delete Profile’ window, turn the FMS Knob to select the profile to
delete.
Flight
Planning
6)
Press the ENT Key.
Procedures
7) With ‘DELETE’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
8)
To cancel the process, use the large FMS Knob to select ‘CANCEL’ and
press the ENT Key.
9)
Press the FMS Knob to deactivate the cursor.
1)
Insert an SD card containing the pilot profile(s) into the top card slot on the
MFD.
2)
Turn the FMS Knob to select the AUX - System Setup Page.
3)
Select the IMPORT Softkey.
4)
The system displays the Pilot Profile Importing Window with ‘IMPORT’
highlighted. To change the selected profile to be imported from the SD card
(shown as ‘SELECT FILE’), turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the profile
file name, then turn the small FMS Knob to highlight a profile from the list,
and press the ENT Key.
5)
If desired, the profile name to be used after profile has been imported can
be changed by turning the FMS Knob to highlight the ‘PROFILE NAME’
field, then use the large and small FMS Knobs to enter the name, and press
the ENT Key. Imported profile names cannot begin with a blank space or
be named ‘DEFAULT’, ‘GARMIN DEFAULTS’ or ‘DEFAULT SETTINGS’.
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Importing a Profile from an SD Card
78
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Additional Features
8)
If successful, the system displays ‘Pilot profile import succeeded.’ in the
IMPORT RESULTS window below. With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT or
CLR Keys or press the FMS Knob to return to the AUX - System Setup Page.
The imported profile becomes the active profile.
AFCS
If the imported profile name is the same as an existing profile on the
system, the system displays an ‘Overwrite existing file? OK or CANCEL’
prompt. Press the ENT Key to replace profile on the system with the profile
imported from the SD card, or turn the FMS Knob to highlight ‘CANCEL’
and press the ENT Key to return to the Pilot Profile Importing Window.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
7)
EIS
With ‘IMPORT’ highlighted, press the ENT Key.
Flight
Instruments
6)
Exporting a Profile to an SD Card
GPS Nav
Insert the SD card for storing the Pilot Profile into the top card slot on the
MFD.
2)
Turn the FMS Knob to select the AUX - System Setup Page.
3)
If necessary, activate the desired pilot profile to export. Only the currently
active Pilot Profile can be exported.
4)
Select the EXPORT Softkey. The system displays the Pilot Profile Exporting
Window.
5)
To export the pilot profile using the current supplied name, press the ENT
Key with ‘EXPORT’ highlighted. To change the profile file name turn the
large FMS Knob to highlight the ‘SELECT FILE’ field, then enter the new
name with the large and small FMS Knobs, then press the ENT Key. Then
press the ENT Key with ‘EXPORT’ highlighted.
6)
If the profile name to be exported is the same as an existing profile file
name on the SD card, the system displays an ‘Overwrite existing file? OK
or CANCEL’ prompt. Press the ENT Key to replace the profile on the SD
card with the profile to be exported, or turn the FMS Knob to highlight
‘CANCEL’ and press the ENT Key to return to the Pilot Profile Exporting
Window without exporting the profile.
7)
If successful, the EXPORT RESULTS window displays ‘Pilot profile export
succeeded.’ With ‘OK’ highlighted, press the ENT or CLR Keys, or press the
FMS Knob to return to the AUX - System Setup Page.
Flight
Planning
1)
Procedures
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
Abnormal
Operation
Annun/
Alerts
Appendix
Index
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
79
AUXILIARY VIDEO (OPTIONAL)
NOTE: Images provided on the Aux-Video page are for supplemental use only.
There are four modes of operation of the optional auxiliary video display: FullScreen, Full-Screen with Digital Zoom, Split-Screen with Map, and Split-Screen with
Map and Digital Zoom.
AFCS
Displaying auxiliary video:
1) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the AUX page group.
2)
GPS Nav
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Additional Features
Control of the AUX - VIDEO Page can also be accessed through the Page Menu.
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
Selecting video menu options:
1) While viewing the AUX - VIDEO Page press the MENU Key to display the
Page Menu OPTIONS.
2)
Turn the large FMS Knob to highlight the desired video adjustment option
and press the ENT Key.
When the ENT key is pressed on any option, the page menu closes and returns to
the AUX - VIDEO Page.
Video Setup
Video brightness, contrast, and saturation may be adjusted be selecting the setup
function. While viewing the setup function softkeys, after 45 seconds of softkey
inactivity, the system reverts to the AUX - VIDEO Page softkeys.
Adjusting the video settings:
1) With the AUX-VIDEO Page displayed, press the SETUP Softkey.
2) Press the BRIGHT - or BRIGHT +, to adjust display brightness in five
percent increments from 0 to 100%.
3) Press the CNTRST- or CNTRST +, to adjust display contrast in five
percent increments from 0 to 100%.
4) Press the SAT - or SAT +, to adjust display saturation in five percent
increments from 0 to 100%.
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the AUX-VIDEO Page.
80
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Additional Features
If desired, return the display to the default settings by pressing the RESET
Softkey.
6)
Press the BACK Softkey to return to the previous softkey level.
Annun/
Alerts
Appendix
Index
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
Abnormal
Operation
Iridium telephone may be turned on or off by performing the following steps.
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Additional
Features
Disable/Enable Iridium Transceiver
Hazard
Avoidance
A subscriber account must be established prior to using the Iridium Satellite
System. Before setting up an Iridium account, obtain the serial number of the Iridium
Transceiver and the System ID by viewing the AUX- SYSTEM STATUS Page. Contact
Garmin Connext at 1-866-739-5687 in the United States or 913-397-8200, ext. 1135.
Procedures
Registering With Garmin Connext
Flight
Planning
NOTE: Aural and pop-up visual annunciations for incoming calls and received
text messages are inhibited during taxiing, takeoff and landing roll, low
altitude operations, low airspeed operations, and excessive pitch and roll
attitudes.
GPS Nav
Operation of these features in the cockpit is accomplished through the AUXTELEPHONE, and the AUX-TEXT MESSAGING SETUP Pages.
AFCS
SATELLITE TELEPHONE & SMS MESSAGING SERVICE (OPTIONAL)
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Zoom/Range
Pressing the VID ZM + or VID ZM - Softkeys increases or decreases video display
magnification between 1x and 10x.
The RANGE Knob can be used to increase or decrease the range setting on the
map display or zoom in and out on the video display. While in the Split-Screen
mode, pressing the MAP ACTV or VID ACTV Softkey determines which display the
RANGE Knob adjusts. Pressing the softkey to display MAP ACTV allows the RANGE
Knob to control the range setting of the map display. Pressing the softkey to display
VID ACTV allows the RANGE Knob to control the zoom setting of the video display.
EIS
Display Selection
Pressing the HIDE MAP Softkey removes the map and displays video on the full
screen. The softkey label changes to grey with black characters. Pressing the HIDE
MAP Softkey again restores the map view and the small video image. The softkey label
returns to white characters on a black background.
Flight
Instruments
5)
81
Additional Features
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
To enable the Iridium telephone system:
With the AUX-TELEPHONE Page displayed, select the MENU Key on the
MFD to display the Page Menu.
2)
Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘Enable Iridium Transmission’.
3)
Press the ENT Key.
GPS Nav
AFCS
To disable the Iridium telephone system:
1)
With the AUX-TELEPHONE Page displayed, select the MENU Key on the
MFD to display the Page Menu.
2)
Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘Disable Iridium Transmission’.
3)
Press the ENT Key.
Telephone Communication
The pilot or copilot can place and answer calls on the Iridium satellite network.
Control and monitoring of telephone functions are accomplished through the AUXTELEPHONE Page.
Procedures
Flight
Planning
1)
Hazard
Avoidance
To view the Telephone Page:
1)
Turn the large FMS Knob on the MFD to select the AUX page group.
2)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select AUX - TELEPHONE
Additional
Features
Internal
Phone
External
Phone
Description
Abnormal
Operation
Phone is Idle
Annun/
Alerts
Phone is ringing
Appendix
Phone has a dial tone (off hook) or connected to another
phone
Index
Phone dialed is busy
82
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Additional Features
External
Phone
Flight
Instruments
Internal
Phone
Description
EIS
Phone is dialing another phone
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Phone has failed
AFCS
Phone status not known
GPS Nav
Phone is disabled
Flight
Planning
Phone is reserved for data transmission
Procedures
Calling other phone or incoming call from other phone
Hazard
Avoidance
Other phone is on hold
Additional
Features
Phones are connected
Abnormal
Operation
Annun/
Alerts
Appendix
Incoming Calls
When viewing MFD pages other than the AUX-TELEPHONE Page, a pop-up alert
will be displayed. The pop-up alert may be inhibited at times, such as during takeoff.
In addition to the pop-up alert, a ringing phone symbol will be displayed to the right
of the MFD page title. Also, the voice alert “Incoming Call” will be heard on the
selected cockpit audio.
Index
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
83
Flight
Instruments
Additional Features
EIS
NOTE: The Push-to-Talk switch is not utilized for telephone communication.
The microphone is active after selecting the ANSWER Softkey, and stays active
until the call is terminated.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Answering an incoming call:
1)
Press the TEL Key on the audio panel.
2)
Select the ANSWER Softkey on the MFD.
AFCS
Or:
1)
Press the TEL Key on the audio panel.
2)
Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu.
3)
Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘Answer Incoming Call’.
4)
Press the ENT Key.
Selecting the IGNORE Softkey will extinguish the pop-up window and leave the
current call unanswered. Selecting the IGNRE ALL Softkey will extinguish the popup window for the current and all future incoming calls and leave the current call
unanswered. Selecting the TEL Softkey will display the AUX-TELEPHONE Page
allowing additional call information to be viewed before answering.
Disabling incoming call alerts:
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
While viewing the AUX-TELEPHONE Page:
1)
With the AUX-TELEPHONE Page displayed, press the MENU Key on the
MFD to display the Page Menu.
2)
Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘Disable Incoming Call Alerts’.
3)
Press the ENT Key. The voice and pop-up alert will not be displayed now
when an incoming call is received.
Appendix
Outgoing Calls
Voice calls can be made from the cockpit through the Iridium Satellite Network.
Index
To make a call:
84
1)
Press the TEL Key on the appropriate audio panel.
2)
Select the DIAL Softkey on the MFD.
3)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select ‘IRIDIUM’.
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Additional Features
5)
Enter the desired telephone number by selecting the number softkeys on
the MFD or by pressing the numeric keys on the MFD Control Unit. The
International dialing sequence is necessary to place a call from the cockpit
to an external phone: Country Code + City/Area Code (if any) + Telephone
Number.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
The following country codes may be used when calling other satellite
telephone systems.
Country Code
870
8810 or 8811
8812 or 8813
8816 or 8817
8818 or 8819
Press the ENT Key. The system will begin calling the number.
Procedures
7)
Flight
Planning
Press the ENT Key. ‘OK’ is highlighted.
GPS Nav
6)
AFCS
Satellite System
Inmarsat
ICO
Ellipso
Iridium
Globalstar
Hazard
Avoidance
To exit the call, press the HANGUP Softkey.
Text Messaging (SMS)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the AUX - TELEPHONE.
3)
If necessary, press the SMS Softkey to display the AUX-TEXT MESSAGING
Page
Appendix
2)
Annun/
Alerts
Turn the large FMS Knob on the MFD to select the AUX page group.
Abnormal
Operation
Viewing the Text Messaging Page
Additional
Features
Messages may be sent to an email address or text message capable cellular telephone.
Message length is limited to 160 characters, including the email address.
The text messaging user interface is mainly through the AUX-TEXT MESSAGING
Page.
1)
EIS
Press the ENT Key. The cursor has now moved to the phone number entry field.
Flight
Instruments
4)
Index
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
85
Additional Features
Flight
Instruments
Message Symbol
Description
EIS
Received text message that has not been opened
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Received text message that has been opened
AFCS
Saved text message, draft not sent
GPS Nav
System is sending text message
Flight
Planning
Text message has been sent
Predefined text message
Viewing a Text Message When Received
When viewing MFD pages other than the AUX-TEXT MESSAGING Page, a pop-up
alert will be displayed when a new text message is received.
Press the VIEW Softkey to view the message. Pressing the IGNORE Softkey will
extinguish the pop-up window and leave the text message unopened. Pressing the
IGNR ALL Softkey will extinguish the pop-window and ignore all future incoming
text messages. Pressing the SMS Softkey will display the AUX-TEXT MESSAGING
Page.
The pop-up alerts may be enabled or disabled through the Page Menu.
Enable/Disable Incoming Text Message Pop-Up Alerts
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
System failed to send text message
86
1)
With the AUX-TEXT MESSAGING Page displayed, press the MENU Key on
the MFD to display the Page Menu.
2)
Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘Disable New Message
Popups’ or ‘Enable New Message Popups’.
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Additional Features
Press the ENT Key. The pop-up alert will not be displayed when an
incoming text message is received.
Flight
Instruments
3)
Reply to a Text Message
EIS
While viewing the text message, press the REPLY Softkey.
Or:
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
a) Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu.
b) Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘Reply To Message’.
AFCS
c) Press the ENT Key.
Sending a Text Message
While viewing the AUX-TEXT MESSAGING Page, press the NEW Softkey.
GPS Nav
1)
Or:
Flight
Planning
a) Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu.
b) Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘Draft New Message’.
Press the ENT Key. The cursor is now displayed in the ‘MESSAGE’ field.
4)
Enter the desired message using any combination of entry methods as
described in step 2.
5)
Press the ENT Key.
6)
Press the SEND Softkey to send the message immediately, or press the
SAVE Softkey to save the message in Outbox for sending at a later time.
Press the CANCEL Softkey to delete the message.
Abnormal
Operation
3)
Annun/
Alerts
Appendix
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
87
Index
Predefined Text Messages
Time and effort can be saved in typing text messages that are used repeatedly by
saving these messages as a predefined message.
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Additional
Features
The TEXT MESSAGE DRAFT Window is now displayed with the cursor in the
‘TO’ field. Enter the desired telephone number or email address. Entry can
be accomplished through the alphanumeric keys on the PFD/MFD Control
Unit, or combination of the FMS Knob on the controller and softkeys on
the MFD. The FMS Knob is used to enter letters and numbers, or numbers
can be entered from the MFD by pressing the NUMBERS Softkey. Press
the CAP LOCK Softkey to create upper and lower case alpha characters.
Special characters can be accessed by pressing the SYMBOLS Softkey.
Hazard
Avoidance
2)
Procedures
c) Press the ENT Key.
Additional Features
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Create a Predefined Text Message
1)
While viewing the AUX-TEXT MESSAGING Page, press the MENU Key to
display the Page Menu.
2)
Turn either FMS Knob to select ‘Edit Predefined Messages’.
3)
Press the ENT Key. The PREDEFINED MESSAGES view is now displayed.
4)
Press the NEW Softkey.
Or:
a) Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu.
AFCS
b) Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘Draft New Predefined
Message’.
GPS Nav
c) Press the ENT Key. The PREDEFINED SMS TEXT MESSAGE Window is
now displayed.
The cursor is displayed in the ‘TITLE’ field. Enter the desired message title.
Entry can be accomplished through the alphanumeric keys on the PFD/MFD
Control Unit, or combination of the FMS Knob on the controller and softkeys
on the MFD. The FMS Knob is used to enter letters and numbers, or numbers
can be entered from the MFD by pressing the NUMBERS Softkey. Press the
CAP LOCK Softkey to create upper and lower case alpha characters. Special
characters can be accessed by pressing the SYMBOLS Softkey.
6)
Press the ENT Key. The cursor is now displayed in the ‘MESSAGE’ field.
7)
Enter the desired message using any combination of entry methods as
described in step 5.
8)
Press the ENT Key.
9)
Press the SAVE Softkey. The new predefined message is now shown in
the displayed list. Pressing the CANCEL Softkey will delete the message
without saving.
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
5)
Annun/
Alerts
10) Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu.
11) Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘Stop Editing Predefined
Message’.
Appendix
12) Press the ENT Key.
Send a Predefined Text Message
Index
1)
88
While viewing the AUX-TEXT MESSAGING Page, press the NEW Softkey.
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Additional Features
4)
Press the PREDEFD Softkey. The PREDEFINED MESSAGE MENU Window is
displayed.
6)
Press the ENT Key. The predefined message text is inserted into the
message field. If desired, the message can be edited by using the FMS
Knobs.
7)
Press the ENT Key.
8)
Press the SEND Softkey to transmit the message.
AFCS
Press the ENT Key. The cursor is now displayed in the ‘MESSAGE’ field.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
3)
EIS
The TEXT MESSAGE DRAFT Window is now displayed with the cursor in the
‘TO’ field. Enter the desired telephone number or email address. Entry can
be accomplished through the alphanumeric keys on the PFD/MFD Control
Unit, or combination of the FMS Knob on the controller and softkeys on
the MFD. The FMS Knob is used to enter letters and numbers, or numbers
can be entered from the MFD by pressing the NUMBERS Softkey. Press
the CAP LOCK Softkey to create upper and lower case alpha characters.
Special characters can be accessed by pressing the SYMBOLS Softkey.
Flight
Instruments
2)
GPS Nav
Flight
Planning
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
Show Inbox Messages
Procedures
Text Message Boxes
Received text messages reside in the Inbox as ‘Read’ or ‘Unread’ messages. The
Outbox contains ‘Sent’ and ‘Unsent’ text messages. Saved messages that are meant to
be sent later are stored as Drafts. Each text message box may be viewed separately, or
together in any combination.
Abnormal
Operation
While viewing the AUX-TEXT MESSAGING Page, press the ARRANGE
Softkey, then press the INBOX Softkey.
Or:
a) Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu.
Annun/
Alerts
b) Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘Show Inbox Messages’.
Appendix
c) Press the ENT Key. The message box selected for viewing is indicated
at the bottom left of the list window.
Index
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
89
Additional Features
Flight
Instruments
Show Outbox Messages
While viewing the AUX-TEXT MESSAGING Page, press the ARRANGE
Softkey, then press the OUTBOX Softkey.
EIS
Or:
a) Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
b) Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘Show Outbox Messages’.
c) Press the ENT Key. The message box selected for viewing is indicated
at the bottom left of the list window.
AFCS
Show Draft Messages
GPS Nav
While viewing the AUX-TEXT MESSAGING Page, press the ARRANGE
Softkey, then press the DRAFTS Softkey.
Or:
b) Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘Show Draft Messages’.
c) Press the ENT Key. The message box selected for viewing is indicated
at the bottom left of the list window.
Arranging Text Messages
The viewed messages may be listed according to the date/time the message was
sent or received, the type of message (read, unread, sent, unsent, etc.), or by message
address.
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
a) Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu.
View Messages Sorted by Message Date/Time:
Abnormal
Operation
While viewing the AUX-TEXT MESSAGING Page, press the ARRANGE
Softkey, then press the TIME Softkey.
Or:
Annun/
Alerts
a) Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu.
b) Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘Sort By Date/Time’.
Appendix
c) Press the ENT Key. The sorting selection is indicated at the bottom
center of the list window.
View Messages Sorted by Message Type
Index
While viewing the AUX-TEXT MESSAGING Page, press the ARRANGE
Softkey, then press the TYPE Softkey.
90
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Additional Features
Flight
Instruments
Or:
a) Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu.
b) Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘Sort By Type’.
EIS
c) Press the ENT Key. The sorting selection is indicated at the bottom
center of the list window.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
View Messages Sorted by Address:
While viewing the AUX-TEXT MESSAGING Page, press the ARRANGE
Softkey, then press the ADDRESS Softkey.
AFCS
Or:
a) Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu.
GPS Nav
b) Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘Sort By Address’.
Flight
Planning
c) Press the ENT Key. The sorting selection is indicated at the bottom
center of the list window.
Viewing The Content of a Text Message
2)
Press the FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
3)
Turn either FMS Knob to select the desired message.
4)
Press the VIEW Softkey.
Hazard
Avoidance
While viewing the AUX-TEXT MESSAGING Page, select the desired message box.
Procedures
1)
Or:
Additional
Features
Press the ENT Key.
Or:
b) Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘View Selected Message’.
Abnormal
Operation
a) Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu.
c) Press the ENT Key.
Annun/
Alerts
5)
To close the text message, press the CLOSE Softkey.
Or:
Appendix
a) Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu.
b) Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘Close Message’.
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
Index
c) Press the ENT Key.
91
Additional Features
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Mark Selected Message As Read
1)
While viewing the Inbox on the AUX-TEXT MESSAGING Page, press the
FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
2)
Turn either FMS Knob to select the desired message.
3)
Press the MRK READ Softkey.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Or:
a) Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu.
AFCS
b) Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘Mark Selected Message
As Read’.
c) Press the ENT Key.
GPS Nav
The message symbol now indicates the message has been opened.
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
Mark All Messages As Read
1)
While viewing the Inbox on the AUX-TEXT MESSAGING Page, press the
MENU Key to display the Page Menu.
2)
Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘Mark All New Messages As
Read’.
3)
Press the ENT Key. A confirmation window is displayed.
4)
With cursor highlighting ‘YES’, press the ENT Key. The message symbols
now indicate all the message have been opened.
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Delete a Message
1)
While viewing the Inbox on the AUX-TEXT MESSAGING Page, press the
FMS Knob to activate the cursor.
2)
Turn either FMS Knob to select the desired message.
3)
Press the DELETE Softkey.
Annun/
Alerts
Or:
a) Press the MENU Key to display the Page Menu.
Appendix
b) Turn either FMS Knob to place the cursor on ‘Delete Selected Message’.
Index
c) Press the ENT Key.
92
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Abnormal Operation
Flight
Instruments
ABNORMAL OPERATION
REVERSIONARY MODE
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
AFCS
NOTE: The Pilot’s Operating Handbook (POH) and/or Airplane Flight Manual
(AFM) always takes precedence over the information found in this section.
EIS
Should a system detected failure occur in either display, the G950 automatically
enters reversionary mode. In reversionary mode, critical flight instrumentation is
combined with engine instrumentation on the remaining display.
Reversionary display mode can be manually activated by pressing the Display
Backup Button on the audio panel.
GPS Nav
ABNORMAL COM OPERATION
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
If GPS position is lost, or becomes invalid, selected hazards being displayed on the
Navigation Map Page are removed until GPS position is again established.
Procedures
HAZARD DISPLAYS WITH LOSS OF GPS POSITION
Flight
Planning
When a COM tuning failure is detected by the system, the emergency frequency
(121.500 MHz) is automatically loaded into the active frequency field of the COM
radio for which the tuning failure was detected. In the event of a failure of both PFDs,
the emergency frequency (121.500 MHz) automatically becomes the active frequency
on both COM radios.
Abnormal
Operation
Loss of Hazard Functions with Loss of GPS
Position
Annun/
Alerts
Appendix
Index
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
93
UNUSUAL ATTITUDES
The PFD ‘declutters’ when the aircraft enters an unusual attitude. Only the primary
functions are displayed in these situations.
The following information is removed from the PFD (and corresponding softkeys
are disabled) when the aircraft experiences unusual attitudes:
• Traffic Annunciations
• AFCS Annunciations
• Flight director
Command Bars
• Inset Map
• Temperatures
• DME Information
Window
• Wind Data
• Selected Heading Box
• Selected Course Box
• Transponder Status
Box
• System Time
• PFD Setup Menu
• Windows displayed in
the lower right corner
of the PFD:
– Timer/References
– Nearest Airports
– Flight Plan
– Messages
– Procedures
– DME Tuning
• Barometric Minimum
Descent Altitude Box
• Glideslope, Glidepath,
and Vertical Deviation
Indicators
• Altimeter Barometric
Setting
• Selected Altitude
• VNV Target Altitude
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Abnormal Operation
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Extreme Pitch Indication
94
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Abnormal Operation
AFCS
GPS Nav
Flight
Planning
Procedures
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
Abnormal
Operation
Annun/
Alerts
DR Mode is indicated on the G950 by the appearance of the letters ‘DR’ superimposed
in yellow over the ‘own aircraft’ symbol as shown in the following figure. In addition,
‘DR’ is prominently displayed, also in yellow, on the HSI slightly above and to the right
of the aircraft symbol on the CDI as shown in the following figure. The CDI deviation
bar is displayed in yellow, but will be removed from the display after 20 minutes.
Lastly, but at the same time, a ‘GPS NAV LOST’ alert message appears on the PFD.
Normal navigation using GPS/SBAS source data resumes automatically once a valid
GPS solution is restored.
It is important to note that estimated navigation data supplied by the G950 in
DR Mode may become increasingly unreliable and must not be used as a sole means
of navigation. If, while in DR Mode, airspeed and/or heading data is also lost or
not available, the DR function may not be capable of estimating your position and,
consequently, the system may display a path that is different than the actual movement
of the aircraft. Estimated position information displayed by the G950 through DR while
there is no heading and/or airspeed data available should not be used for navigation.
DR Mode is inherently less accurate than the standard GPS/SBAS Mode due to the
lack of satellite measurements needed to determine a position. Changes in wind speed
and/or wind direction compounds the relative inaccuracy of DR Mode. Because of this
degraded accuracy, the crew must maintain position awareness using other navigation
equipment until GPS-derived position data is restored.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
NOTE: Dead Reckoning Mode only functions in Enroute (ENR) or Oceanic
(OCN) phase of flight. In all other phases, an invalid GPS solution produces a
“NO GPS POSITION” annunciation on the map and the G950 stops navigating
in GPS Mode.
EIS
While in Enroute or Oceanic phase of flight, if the G950 detects an invalid GPS
solution or is unable to calculate a GPS position, the system automatically reverts to
Dead Reckoning (DR) Mode. In DR Mode, the G950 uses its last-known position
combined with continuously updated airspeed and heading data (when available) to
calculate and display the aircraft’s current estimated position.
Flight
Instruments
DEAD RECKONING
Appendix
Index
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
95
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Abnormal Operation
As a result of operating in DR Mode, all GPS-derived data is computed based upon
an estimated position and is displayed as yellow text on the display to denote degraded
navigation source information. This data includes the following:
•
•
•
•
•
•
Procedures
Hazard
Avoidance
Navigation Status Box fields except Active Leg, TAS, and DTK
GPS Bearing Pointer
Wind data and pointers in the Wind Data Box on the PFD
Current Track Indicator
All Bearing Pointer Distances
Active Flight Plan distances, bearings, and ETE values
Also, while the G950 is in DR Mode, the autopilot will couple to GPS for up to
20 minutes. Synthetic Vision, Terrain Proximity, TERRAIN-SVS, and TAWS-B are
disabled. Additionally, the accuracy of all nearest information (airports, airspaces,
and waypoints) is questionable. Finally, airspace alerts continue to function, but with
degraded accuracy.
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Symbolic Aircraft
(Map pages and Inset Map)
Dead Reckoning Indications
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
CDI ‘DR’ Indication on PFD
96
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Annunciations & Alerts
Flight
Instruments
ANNUNCIATIONS & ALERTS
WARNING ANNUNCIATION
GPS Nav
Flight
Planning
Repeating
Tone
Procedures
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
Abnormal
Operation
Right engine fire warning
Right main bus voltage is low
Right engine oil pressure low
Right engine oil temperature is high
Right engine pressure is high
Right engine turbine inlet temperature is high
AFCS
RH ENG FIRE
RH MAIN LO VOLT
RH OIL PRES LO
RH OIL TEMP HI
RH OVERBOOST
RH TIT HI *
Audio Alert
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
LH ENG FIRE
LH MAIN LO VOLT
LH OIL PRES LO
LH OIL TEMP HI
LH OVERBOOST
LH TIT HI *
Alerts Window Message
Battery voltage is low
Essential bus voltage is low
Left and right engine fire
Left and right engine oil pressure is low
Left and right engine oil temperature is high
Left and right engine pressure is high
Left and right engine turbine inlet temperature
is high
Left engine fire warning.
Left main bus voltage is low.
Left engine oil pressure is low.
Left engine oil temperature is high.
Left engine pressure is high.
Left engine turbine inlet temperature is high
EIS
Annunciation Text
BATT LO VOLT
ESSENT LO VOLT
L&R ENG FIRE *
L&R OIL PRS LO
L&R OIL TEMP HI
L&R OVERBOOST *
L&R TIT HI *
* Annunciation only applies to aircraft equipped with turbocharged engines
Annun/
Alerts
Appendix
Index
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
97
CAUTION ANNUNCIATION
Annunciation Text
12VDC FAIL
LH ALT OUT
INVERTER FAIL
LH FUEL PRES HI
LH FUEL PRES LO
MFD FAN FAIL
PFD FAN FAIL
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Annunciations & Alerts
Audio Alert
Single Chime
Propeller de ice system is failing
Right alternator failed
Right engine fuel pressure is high
Right engine fuel pressure is low
SAFE OPERATING ANNUNCIATION
Annunciation Text
LDG LIGHT ON
LH FUEL PUMP
PITOT HEAT ON
PROP DE-ICE
RH FUEL PUMP
STALL HEAT ON
STROBE LIGHT ON
SURF DE-ICE
TAXI LIGHT ON
Alerts Window Message
Landing light switch is on.
Left fuel pump is on.
Pitot heating switch is on.
Propeller de-ice switch is on.
Right fuel pump is on.
Stall heating switch is on.
Strobe light switch is on.
De-ice system is on.
Taxi light switch is on.
Audio Alert
None
Appendix
TAWS-B ALERTS
Alert Type
Index
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
PROP DE ICE FLD
RH ALT OUT
RH FUEL PRES HI
RH FUEL PRES LO
Alerts Window Message
12VDC is faulty
Left alternator failed.
AC inverter is faulty
Left engine fuel pressure is high
Left engine fuel pressure is low
MFD cooling fan is inoperative
PFD cooling fan is inoperative
Excessive Descent
Rate Warning (EDR)
98
PFD/MFD
TAWS-B Page
Annunciation
MFD
Pop-Up Alert
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
Aural Message
“Pull Up”
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Annunciations & Alerts
or
Aural Message
*
*
or
or
*
*
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
99
Index
“Caution, Obstacle;
Caution, Obstacle”*
or
“Obstacle Ahead; Obstacle
Ahead”
Appendix
190-01326-01 Rev. A
or
“Terrain Ahead; Terrain
Ahead”
or
“Caution, Terrain; Caution,
Terrain”*
Annun/
Alerts
Reduced Required
Obstacle Clearance
Caution (ROC)
“Caution, Terrain; Caution,
Terrain”*
or
“Terrain Ahead; Terrain
Ahead”
Abnormal
Operation
Imminent Terrain
Impact Caution (ITI)
*
Additional
Features
or
Hazard
Avoidance
Reduced Required
Terrain Clearance
Caution (RTC)
*
“Obstacle Ahead, Pull Up;
Obstacle Ahead, Pull Up”
or
“Obstacle, Obstacle; Pull
Up, Pull Up”*
Procedures
or
“Obstacle, Obstacle; Pull
Up, Pull Up”*
or
“Obstacle Ahead, Pull Up;
Obstacle Ahead, Pull Up”
Flight
Planning
Imminent Obstacle
Impact Warning
(IOI)
*
GPS Nav
Reduced Required
Obstacle Clearance
Warning (ROC)
Terrain Ahead, Pull Up;
Terrain Ahead, Pull Up”
or
“Terrain, Terrain; Pull Up,
Pull Up”*
AFCS
or
“Terrain, Terrain; Pull Up,
Pull Up”*
or
“Terrain Ahead, Pull Up;
Terrain Ahead, Pull Up”
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Imminent Terrain
Impact Warning (ITI)
MFD
Pop-Up Alert
EIS
Reduced Required
Terrain Clearance
Warning (RTC)
PFD/MFD
TAWS-B Page
Annunciation
Flight
Instruments
Alert Type
Alert Type
Additional
Features
Abnormal
Operation
Annun/
Alerts
Appendix
Index
PFD/MFD
TAWS-B Page
Annunciation
MFD
Pop-Up Alert
Imminent Obstacle
Impact Caution (IOI)
Aural Message
or
*
“Obstacle Ahead; Obstacle
Ahead”
or
“Caution, Obstacle;
Caution, Obstacle”*
Premature Descent
Alert Caution (PDA)
Altitude Callout
“500”
“Too Low, Terrain”
None
None
“Five-Hundred”
Excessive Descent
Rate Caution (EDR)
“Sink Rate”
Negative Climb
Rate Caution (NCR)
*
or
“Don’t Sink”*
or
“Too Low, Terrain”
*Default setting for the P68 when more than one option is available
TAWS-B SYSTEM STATUS ANNUNCIATIONS
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Annunciations & Alerts
PFD/
MFD Alert
Annunciation
TAWS-B Page Annunciation
Aural
Message
TAWS TEST
TAWS TEST
None
None
None
“TAWS
System Test
OK”
TAWS-B FLTA Alerting
Inhibited
TAWS INH
None
None
No GPS position
TAWS N/A
NO GPS POSITION
“TAWS Not
AvailableӠ
Excessively degraded
GPS signal; or
Out of database
coverage area
TAWS N/A
None
“TAWS Not
AvailableӠ
Alert Type
System Test in
progress
System Test pass
100
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Annunciations & Alerts
TAWS-B Page Annunciation
Aural
Message
TAWS-B System Test
Fail;
Terrain or Obstacle
database unavailable
or invalid;
Invalid software
configuration; or
System audio fault
TAWS FAIL
TAWS FAIL
“TAWS
System
Failure”
MFD Terrain or
Obstacle database
unavailable or invalid,
TAWS-B operating
with PFD Terrain or
Obstacle databases
None
TERRAIN DATABASE FAILURE
None
EIS
PFD/
MFD Alert
Annunciation
Flight
Instruments
Alert Type
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
AFCS
GPS Nav
Flight
Planning
Procedures
* Annunciation is shown on the TAWS-B Page and the Navigation Map Page when
Terrain is enabled.
† “TAWS Available” (in-flight only) when sufficient GPS signal received, or terrain
database coverage re-entered.
Hazard
Avoidance
TAS ALERTS AND ANNUNCIATIONS
Traffic Mode Annunciation
(Traffic Map Page)
TAS Operating
OPERATING
STANDBY
(also shown in white in center of page)
TAS Failed*
FAIL
Appendix
TAS Standby
Annun/
Alerts
TEST
(also shown in white in center of page)
Abnormal
Operation
TAS System Test
Initiated
Traffic Display Status
Icon
(Other Maps)
Additional
Features
Mode
Index
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
101
Traffic Map Page
Center Annunciation
NO DATA
Flight
Planning
Description
TA OFF SCALE
A Traffic Advisory is outside the selected display range*.
Annunciation is removed when traffic comes within the selected
display range.
TA X.X ± XX ↕
System cannot determine bearing of Traffic Advisory**.
Annunciation indicates distance in nm, altitude separation in
hundreds of feet, and altitude trend arrow (climbing/descending).
TAS unit has failed (unit is self-reporting a failure or sending
incorrectly formatted data)
TRFC FAIL
Procedures
Hazard
Avoidance
Incorrect data format received from the TAS unit
Traffic Status Banner
Annunciation
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
FAILED
NO TRFC DATA
Data is not being received from the TAS unit
TIS ALERTS AND ANNUNCIATIONS
Additional
Features
Abnormal
Operation
Annun/
Alerts
Data is being received from the TAS unit, but the unit is selfreporting a failure
Mode
TIS Operating
Traffic Mode Annunciation
(Traffic Map Page)
Traffic Display Status Icon
(Other Maps)
OPERATING
TIS Standby
STANDBY
(also shown in white in center of
page)
TIS Failed*
FAIL
Index
Appendix
Description
Data is not being received from the TAS unit
DATA FAILED
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Annunciations & Alerts
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190-01326-01 Rev. A
Annunciations & Alerts
NO DATA
UNAVAILABLE
Data is not being received from the transponder*
Data is being received from the transponder, but a failure is
detected in the data stream*
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
FAILED
Description
EIS
DATA FAILED
Flight
Instruments
Traffic Map Page Center
Banner Annunciation
The transponder has failed*
TIS is unavailable or out of range
Traffic Status Banner
Annunciation
AFCS
* Contact a service center or Garmin dealer for corrective action
GPS Nav
Description
A Traffic Advisory is outside the selected display range*
Annunciation is removed when traffic comes within the selected
display range
TA X.X ± XX ↕
System cannot determine bearing of Traffic Advisory**
Annunciation indicates distance in nm, altitude separation in
hundreds of feet, and altitude trend arrow (climbing/descending)
AGE MM:SS
Appears if traffic data is not refreshed within 6 seconds
If after another 6 seconds data is not received, traffic is removed
from the display
The quality of displayed traffic information is reduced as the age
increases
TRFC COAST
The displayed data is not current (6 to 12 seconds since last
message)
The quality of displayed traffic information is reduced when this
message is displayed
TRFC RMVD
Traffic is removed because it is too old for coasting (12 to 60 seconds
since last message)
Traffic may exist within the selected display range, but it is not
displayed
Procedures
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
Traffic has not been detected
TRFC UNAVAIL
The traffic service is unavailable or out of range
Appendix
NO TRFC DATA
Index
*Shown as symbol on Traffic Map Page
**Shown in center of Traffic Map Page
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
Annun/
Alerts
Traffic data has failed
Abnormal
Operation
TRFC FAIL
Flight
Planning
TA OFF SCALE
103
SVS TERRAIN ALERTS
Alert Type
Appendix
Index
PFD/MFD*
MFD
Alert
Pop-Up Alert (except
Annunciation Terrain-SVS Page)
Aural Message
Reduced Required
Terrain Clearance
Warning (RTC)
“Warning; Terrain,
Terrain”
Imminent Terrain
Impact Warning (ITI)
“Warning; Terrain,
Terrain”
Reduced Required
Obstacle Clearance
Warning (ROC)
“Warning; Obstacle,
Obstacle”
Imminent Obstacle
Impact Warning (IOI)
“Warning; Obstacle,
Obstacle”
Reduced Required
Terrain Clearance
Caution (RTC)
“Caution; Terrain, Terrain”
Imminent Terrain
Impact Caution (ITI)
“Caution; Terrain, Terrain”
Reduced Required
Obstacle Clearance
Caution (ROC)
“Caution; Obstacle,
Obstacle”
Imminent Obstacle
Impact Caution (IOI)
“Caution; Obstacle,
Obstacle”
* Annunciation is displayed on the MFD when terrain display is enabled.
Terrain-SVS Alerts Summary
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Annunciations & Alerts
Alert Type
PFD/MFD† Alert Terrain-SVS Page Center
Annunciation
Banner Annunciation
System Test in
Progress
System Test Pass
Terrain Alerting
Inhibited
104
None
Aural Message
TERRAIN TEST
None
None
“Terrain System Test
OK”
None
None
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Annunciations & Alerts
PFD/MFD† Alert Terrain-SVS Page Center
Annunciation
Banner Annunciation
Aural Message
Excessively
degraded GPS
signal; or Out of
database coverage
area
None
“Terrain System Not
Available”*
Terrain System
Test Fail; Terrain or
Obstacle database
unavailable
or invalid;
Invalid software
configuration; or
System audio fault
TERRAIN FAIL
“Terrain System
Failure”
TERRAIN DATABASE
FAILURE
None
AFCS
GPS Nav
Flight
Planning
Hazard
Avoidance
None
Procedures
Additional
Features
MFD Terrain or
Obstacle database
unavailable or
invalid, and
Terrain-SVS
operating with
PFD Terrain
or Obstacle
databases
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
“Terrain System Not
Available”*
EIS
NO GPS POSITION
No GPS position
Flight
Instruments
Alert Type
Abnormal
Operation
† Annunciation is shown on Terrain-SVS Page and the Navigation Map Page when Terrain is
enabled.
* “Terrain System Available” will be heard when sufficient GPS signal is restored, or Terrain database coverage area re-entered.
Terrain-SVS System Status Annunciations
Annun/
Alerts
Appendix
Index
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
105
WEATHER RADAR ALERTS AND ANNUNCIATIONS
Radar Mode
Radar Mode Annunciation
Box
Center Banner
Annunciation
Standby
STANDBY
STANDBY
Standby (During WarmUp), applicable to GWX
68 only
STANDBY
WARM-UP
XX
(XX indicates number of seconds
remaining in warm-up)
Weather
WEATHER
None
Ground Mapping
GROUND MAPPING
None
Off
OFF
OFF
Radar Failed*
FAIL
RADAR FAIL
Radar Modes on the Weather Radar Page
Radar Antenna
Stabilization Status
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Annunciations & Alerts
Description
STAB ON
Antenna stabilization is selected on.
STAB OFF
Antenna stabilization is selected off.
STAB INOP
The radar is not receiving pitch and roll information. The antenna
stabilization feature is inoperative.
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Antenna Stabilization Annunciations on the Weather Radar Page
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Annunciations & Alerts
Flight
Instruments
Weather Radar
Page Center Banner
Annunciation
Description
The radar configuration is invalid. The radar should be serviced.
RDR FAULT
The radar unit is reporting a fault. The radar should be serviced.
RADAR FAIL
The system is not receiving valid data from the radar unit. The system
should be serviced.
EIS
BAD CONFIG
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Abnormal Radar Status Annunciations on the Weather Radar Page
AFCS
GDL 69A/GDL 69A SXM DATA LINK RECEIVER MESSAGES
GPS Nav
Description
CHECK ANTENNA
XM Radio Page - active channel field
Data Link Receiver antenna
error; service required
UPDATING
XM Radio Page - active channel field
Data Link Receiver
updating encryption code
Procedures
Message Location
XM Radio Page - active channel field
Acquiring channel audio or
information
OFF AIR
XM Radio Page - active channel field
Channel not in service
---
XM Radio Page - active channel field
Missing channel
information
No communication from
Weather Datalink Page - center of page Data Link Receiver within
last 5 minutes
Weather Datalink Page - center of page
SiriusXM subscription is not
activated
Annun/
Alerts
DETECTING
ACTIVATION
Abnormal
Operation
WEATHER DATA LINK
FAILURE
Additional
Features
LOADING
Hazard
Avoidance
Loss of signal; signal
XM Radio Page - active channel field
strength too low for
Weather Datalink Page - center of page
receiver
NO SIGNAL
Flight
Planning
Message
Appendix
GDL 69A/69A SXM Data Link Receiver Error Messages
Index
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
107
VOICE ALERTS
Voice Alert
“Minimums, minimums”
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Annunciations & Alerts
“Traffic”
“TIS Not Available”
“Traffic, Traffic”
“TAS System Test OK”
“TAS System Test
Failed”
FLIGHT PLAN IMPORT/EXPORT MESSAGES
In some circumstances, some messages may appear in conjunction with others.
Flight Plan Import/
Export Results
‘Flight plan successfully
imported.’
‘File contained user waypoints
only. User waypoints imported
successfully. No stored flight
plan data was modified.’
‘No flight plan files found to
import.’
‘Flight plan import failed.’
Description
A flight plan file stored on the SD card was successfully
imported as a stored flight plan.
The file stored on the SD card did not contain a flight plan,
only user waypoints. These waypoints have been saved to the
system user waypoints. No flight plans stored in the system
have been modified.
The SD card contains no flight plan data.
Flight plan data was not successfully imported from the SD
card.
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
“Vertical track”
Description
The aircraft has descended below the preset barometric minimum
descent altitude.
The aircraft is one minute from Top of Descent. Issued only when
vertical navigation is enabled.
Played when a Traffic Advisory (TA) is issued (TIS).
The aircraft is outside the Traffic Information Service (TIS) coverage
area.
Played when a Traffic Advisory (TA) is issued (TAS system).
Played when the TAS system passes a pilot-initiated self test.
Played when the TAS system fails a pilot-initiated self test.
108
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190-01326-01 Rev. A
Annunciations & Alerts
Flight
Instruments
EIS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
AFCS
GPS Nav
Flight
Planning
Procedures
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
Abnormal
Operation
Annun/
Alerts
Flight Plan Import/
Description
Export Results
‘Flight plan partially imported.’ Some flight plan waypoints were successfully imported
from the SD card, however others had errors and were not
imported. A partial stored flight plan now exists in the
system.
‘File contained user waypoints The file stored on the SD card did not contain a flight plan,
only.’
only user waypoints. One or more of these waypoints did not
import successfully.
‘Too many points. Flight plan The flight plan on the SD card contains more waypoints than
truncated.’
the system can support. The flight plan was imported with as
many waypoints as possible.
‘Some waypoints not loaded.
The flight plan on the SD card contains one or more
Waypoints locked.’
waypoints that the system cannot find in the navigation
database. The flight plan has been imported, but must be
edited within the system before it can be activated for use.
‘User waypoint database full.
The flight plan file on the SD card contains user waypoints.
Not all loaded.’
The quantity of stored user waypoints has exceeded system
capacity, therefore not all the user waypoints on the SD
card have been imported. Any flight plan user waypoints
that were not imported are locked in the flight plan. The
flight plan must be edited within the system before it can be
activated for use.
‘One or more user waypoints
One or more imported user waypoints were renamed when
renamed.’
imported due to naming conflicts with waypoints already
existing in the system.
‘Flight plan successfully
The stored flight plan was successfully exported to the SD
exported.’
card.
‘Flight plan export failed.’
The stored flight plan was not successfully exported to the SD
card. The SD card may not have sufficient available memory
or the card may have been removed prematurely.
Appendix
Index
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
109
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Annunciations & Alerts
G950 SYSTEM MESSAGE ADVISORIES
Message
ABORT APR – Loss of GPS
navigation. Abort approach.
ADC1 ALT EC – ADC1 altitude error
correction is unavailable.
ADC1 AS EC – ADC1 airspeed error
correction is unavailable.
ADC1 SERVICE – GDC1 needs
service. Return unit for repair.
AHRS1 CAL – AHRS1 calibration
version error. Srvc req’d.
AHRS1 GPS – AHRS1 not receiving
any GPS information.
AHRS1 GPS – AHRS1 not receiving
backup GPS information.
AHRS1 GPS – AHRS1 operating
exclusively in no-GPS mode.
Comments
Abort approach due to loss of GPS navigation.
GDC1 is reporting that the altitude error correction
is unavailable.
GDC1 is reporting that the airspeed error correction
is unavailable.
A failure has been detected in the GDC1. The
system should be serviced.
The #1 AHRS calibration version error. The system
should be serviced.
The #1 AHRS is not receiving any or any useful GPS
information. Check AFMS limitations. The system
should be serviced.
The #1 AHRS is not receiving backup GPS
information. The system should be serviced.
The #1 AHRS is operating exclusively in no-GPS
mode. The system should be serviced.
The #1 AHRS is using the backup GPS path.
AHRS1 GPS – AHRS1 using backup
Primary GPS path has failed. The system should be
GPS source.
serviced when possible.
AHRS1 SRVC – AHRS1 Magnetic- The #1 AHRS earth magnetic field model is out of
date. Update magnetic field model when practical.
field model needs update.
AHRS1 TAS – AHRS1 not receiving The #1 AHRS is not receiving true airspeed from
the air data computer. The AHRS relies on GPS
airspeed.
information to augment the lack of airspeed. The
system should be serviced.
The system notifies the pilot that the loaded
APPR INACTV – Approach is not
approach is not active. Activate approach when
active.
required.
Vertical guidance generated by SBAS is unavailable,
APR DWNGRADE – Approach
use LNAV only minimums.
downgraded.
110
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Annunciations & Alerts
Selected course for LOC2 differs from published
localizer course by more than 10 degrees.
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
Abnormal
Operation
Annun/
Alerts
Appendix
The PFD1 configuration module backup memory
has failed. The system should be serviced.
The COM1 configuration settings do not match
backup configuration memory. The G950 system
should be serviced.
The COM1 external push-to-talk switch is stuck in
the enable (or “pressed”) position. Press the PTT
switch again to cycle its operation.
If the problem persists, the system should be
serviced.
The COM1 transfer switch is stuck in the enabled
(or “pressed”) position. Press the transfer switch
again to cycle its operation. If the problem persists,
the system should be serviced.
The system has detected a failure in COM1. COM1
may still be usable. The system should be serviced
when possible.
Procedures
COM1 SERVICE – COM1 needs
service. Return unit for repair.
Selected course for LOC1 differs from published
localizer course by more than 10 degrees.
Flight
Planning
COM1 RMT XFR – COM1 remote
transfer key is stuck.
GPS Nav
COM1 PTT – COM1 push-to-talk
key is stuck.
The GDC 74B has incorrect software installed. The
system should be serviced.
AFCS
COM1 CONFIG – COM1 config
error. Config service req’d.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
CHECK CRS – Database course for
LOC1 / [LOC ID] is [CRS]°.
CHECK CRS – Database course for
LOC2 / [LOC ID] is [CRS]°.
CNFG MODULE – PFD1
configuration module is inoperative.
EIS
ARSPC NEAR – Airspace near –
less than 2 nm.
ARSPC NEAR – Airspace near and
ahead.
AUDIO MANIFEST - Audio
software mismatch, communication
halted.
Comments
Special use airspace is ahead of aircraft. The
aircraft will penetrate the airspace within 10
minutes.
Special use airspace is within 2 nm of the aircraft
position.
Special use airspace is near and ahead of the
aircraft position.
Flight
Instruments
Message
ARSPC AHEAD – Airspace ahead
less than 10 minutes.
Index
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
111
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Annunciations & Alerts
Message
COM1 TEMP – COM1 over temp.
Reducing transmitter power.
COM2 CONFIG – COM2 config
error. Config service req’d.
COM2 PTT – COM2 push-to-talk
key is stuck.
COM2 RMT XFR – COM2 remote
transfer key is stuck.
COM2 SERVICE – COM2 needs
service. Return unit for repair.
COM2 TEMP – COM2 over temp.
Reducing transmitter power.
Comments
The system has detected an over temperature
condition in COM1. The transmitter operates at
reduced power. If the problem persists, the system
should be serviced.
The COM2 configuration settings do not match
backup configuration memory. The G950 system
should be serviced.
The COM2 external push-to-talk switch is stuck in
the enable (or “pressed”) position. Press the PTT
switch again to cycle its operation.
If the problem persists, the system should be
serviced.
The COM2 transfer switch is stuck in the enabled
(or “pressed”) position. Press the transfer switch
again to cycle its operation. If the problem persists,
the system should be serviced.
The system has detected a failure in COM2. COM2
may still be usable. The system should be serviced
when possible.
The system has detected an over temperature
condition in COM2. The transmitter operates at
reduced power. If the problem persists, the system
should be serviced.
The pilot profile data was lost. System reverts to
DATA LOST – Pilot stored data was default pilot profile and settings. The pilot may
reconfigure the MFD & PFD with preferred settings,
lost. Recheck settings.
if desired.
DB CHANGE – Database changed. This occurs when a stored flight plan contains
an airway that is no longer consistent with the
Verify stored airways.
navigation database. This alert is issued only
after an navigation database update. Verify use of
airways in stored flight plans and reload airways as
needed.
112
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Annunciations & Alerts
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
Abnormal
Operation
Annun/
Alerts
Appendix
Index
113
Procedures
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
Flight
Planning
190-01326-01 Rev. A
GPS Nav
DB MISMATCH – Terrain database
mismatch.
AFCS
DB MISMATCH – Standby
Navigation database mismatch.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
DB MISMATCH – Obstacle
database mismatch.
EIS
DB MISMATCH – Navigation
database mismatch. Xtalk is off.
Comments
This occurs when a stored flight plan contains
an airway that is no longer consistent with the
navigation database. This alert is issued only after
an navigation database update. Verify that the
user-modified procedures in stored flight plans are
correct and up to date.
The PFD and MFD have different navigation
database versions or regions installed. Crossfill
is off. Check the AUX-SYSTEM STATUS Page
to determine versions or regions. Also, check
the AUX-SYSTEM STATUS Page for a database
synchronization function not completed. After
synchronization is complete, power must be turned
off, then on.
The PFD and MFD have different obstacle database
versions or regions installed. Check the AUXSYSTEM STATUS Page to determine versions or
regions. Also, check the AUX-SYSTEM STATUS
Page for a database synchronization function not
completed. After synchronization is complete,
power must be turned off, then on.
The PFD and MFD have different standby navigation
database versions or regions installed. Check the
AUX-SYSTEM STATUS Page to determine versions
or regions. Also, check the AUX-SYSTEM STATUS
Page for a database synchronization function not
completed. After synchronization is complete,
power must be turned off, then on.
The PFD and MFD have different terrain database
versions or regions installed. Check the AUXSYSTEM STATUS Page to determine versions or
regions. Also, check the AUX-SYSTEM STATUS
Page for a database synchronization function not
completed. After synchronization is complete,
power must be turned off, then on.
Flight
Instruments
Message
DB CHANGE – Database changed.
Verify user modified procedures.
Message
DIG GMA1 MANIFEST – DIG
GMA 1 software mismatch,
communication halted.
DME CHECK RANGE – DME range
disagreement. Check position
sensors.
DOC VIEWER MISMATCH – See
Document Viewer Page for detailed
info.
Comments
The digital audio controller has incorrect software
installed. The system should be serviced.
FAILED PATH – A data path has
failed.
FPL TRUNC – Flight plan has been
truncated.
A data path connected to the GDU, GDL 69A, or
the GIA 63/W has failed.
This occurs when a newly installed navigation
database eliminates an obsolete approach or
arrival used by a stored flight plan. The obsolete
procedure is removed from the flight plan. Update
flight plan with current arrival or approach.
Upon power-up, the system detects that a stored
flight plan waypoint is locked. This occurs when an
navigation database update eliminates an obsolete
waypoint. The flight plan cannot find the specified
waypoint and flags this message. This can also
occur with user waypoints in a flight plan that is
deleted.
Remove the waypoint from the flight plan if it no
longer exists in any database,
Or
Update the waypoint name/identifier to reflect the
new information.
The system has detected that a waypoint
coordinate has changed due to a new navigation
database update. Verify that stored flight plans
contain correct waypoint locations.
FPL WPT LOCK – Flight plan
waypoint is locked.
FPL WPT MOVE – Flight plan
waypoint moved.
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Annunciations & Alerts
114
A failure or disagreement has been detected in a
DME receiver. Check position sensors.
The documents on the database cards do not
match. Ensure the aircraft manufacturer installed
documents on the bottom card of each display
match.
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Annunciations & Alerts
Appendix
Index
115
Annun/
Alerts
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
Abnormal
Operation
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Additional
Features
GEO LIMITS – AHRS1 too far
North/South, no magnetic compass.
Hazard
Avoidance
GEA2 MANIFEST – GEA2 software
mismatch, communication halted.
Procedures
GEA2 CONFIG – GEA2 config error.
Config service req’d.
Flight
Planning
GEA1 MANIFEST – GEA1 software
mismatch, communication halted.
GPS Nav
GEA1 CONFIG – GEA1 config error.
Config service req’d.
AFCS
GDL69 FAIL – GDL 69 has failed.
GDL 69 configuration settings do not match those
of backup configuration memory. The system
should be serviced.
A failure has been detected in the GDL 69. The
receiver is unavailable. The system should be
serviced
The GEA1 configuration settings do not match
those of backup configuration memory. The system
should be serviced.
The #1 GEA 71 has incorrect software installed.
The system should be serviced.
The GEA2 configuration settings do not match
those of backup configuration memory. The system
should be serviced.
The #2 GEA 71 has incorrect software installed.
The system should be serviced.
The aircraft is outside geographical limits for
approved AHRS operation. Heading is flagged as
invalid.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
GDL69 CONFIG – GDL 69 config
error. Config service req’d.
EIS
Comments
A failure has been detected in glideslope receiver 1.
G/S1 FAIL – G/S1 is inoperative.
The system should be serviced.
A failure has been detected in glideslope receiver
G/S1 SERVICE – G/S1 needs
1. The receiver may still be available. The system
service. Return unit for repair.
should be serviced when possible.
A failure has been detected in glideslope receiver 2.
G/S2 FAIL – G/S2 is inoperative.
The system should be serviced.
A failure has been detected in glideslope 2. The
G/S2 SERVICE – G/S2 needs
receiver may still be available. The system should
service. Return unit for repair.
be serviced when possible.
GDC1 MANIFEST – GDC1 software The GDC 74A has incorrect software installed. The
system should be serviced.
mismatch, communication halted.
The GDL 69 has incorrect software installed. The
GDL MANIFEST – GDL software
system should be serviced.
mismatch, communication halted.
Flight
Instruments
Message
Message
Comments
GIA1 CONFIG – GIA1 audio config The GIA1 has an error in the audio configuration.
The system should be serviced.
error. Config service req’d.
The GIA1 configuration settings do not match
GIA1 CONFIG – GIA1 config error.
backup configuration memory. The system should
Config service req’d.
be serviced.
The GIA1 temperature is too high. If problem
GIA1 COOLING – GIA1 over
persists, the system should be serviced.
temperature.
The GIA1 temperature is too low to operate
GIA1 COOLING – GIA1
correctly. Allow units to warm up to operating
temperature too low.
temperature.
GIA1 MANIFEST – GIA1 software The GIA1 has incorrect software installed. The
system should be serviced.
mismatch, communication halted.
The GIA1 self-test has detected a problem in the
GIA1 SERVICE – GIA1 needs
unit. The system should be serviced.
service. Return the unit for repair.
GIA2 CONFIG – GIA2 audio config The GIA1 has an error in the audio configuration.
The system should be serviced.
error. Config service req’d.
The GIA2 configuration settings do not match
GIA2 CONFIG – GIA2 config error.
backup configuration memory. The system should
Config service req’d.
be serviced.
The GIA2 temperature is too high. If problem
GIA2 COOLING – GIA2 over
persists, the system should be serviced.
temperature.
The GIA2 temperature is too low to operate
GIA2 COOLING – GIA2
correctly. Allow units to warm up to operating
temperature too low.
temperature.
GIA2 MANIFEST – GIA2 software The GIA 2 has incorrect software installed. The
system should be serviced.
mismatch, communication halted.
The GIA2 self-test has detected a problem in the
GIA2 SERVICE – GIA2 needs
unit. The system should be serviced.
service. Return the unit for repair.
The audio panel configuration settings do not
GMA1 CONFIG – GMA1
match backup configuration memory. The system
configuration error. Config service
should be serviced.
req’d.
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Annunciations & Alerts
116
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Annunciations & Alerts
AFCS
GPS Nav
Flight
Planning
Procedures
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
Abnormal
Operation
Annun/
Alerts
Appendix
Index
117
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
EIS
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Flight
Instruments
Message
Comments
GMA1 FAIL – GMA1 is inoperative. The audio panel self-test has detected a failure.
The audio panel is unavailable. The system should
be serviced.
GMA1 MANIFEST – GMA1
The audio panel has incorrect software installed.
software mismatch. Communication
The system should be serviced.
halted.
The audio panel self-test has detected a problem
GMA1 SERVICE – GMA1 needs
in the unit. Certain audio functions may still be
service. Return unit for repair.
available, and the audio panel may still be usable.
The system should be serviced when possible.
GMU1 MANIFEST – GMU1
The GMU 44 has incorrect software installed. The
software mismatch, communication
system should be serviced.
halted.
GPS NAV LOST – Loss of GPS
Loss of GPS navigation due to GPS failure.
navigation. GPS fail.
GPS NAV LOST – Loss of GPS
Loss of GPS navigation due to insufficient satellites.
navigation. Insufficient satellites.
GPS NAV LOST – Loss of GPS
Loss of GPS navigation due to position error.
navigation. Position error.
GPS1 SERVICE – GPS1 needs
A failure has been detected in the GPS1 and/or
service. Return unit for repair.
GPS2 receiver. The receiver may still be available.
GPS2 SERVICE – GPS2 needs
The system should be serviced.
service. Return unit for repair.
GRA1 has improper calibration. The system should
GRA1 CAL – GRA1 calibration.
be serviced.
Service req’d.
GRA1 CONFIG – GRA1 config error. The GRA and GDU have incompatible
configurations.
Config service req’d.
GRA1 MANIFEST – GRA1 software The GRA has incorrect software installed. The
system should be serviced.
mismatch, communication halted.
The GRA self-test has detected a problem in the
GRA1 SERVICE – GRA1 needs
unit. The system should be serviced.
service. Return unit for repair
The system has detected an over temperature
GRA1 TEMP – GRA1 over
condition in GRA1.
temperature.
Message
GRS1 MANIFEST – GRS1 software
mismatch, communication halted.
GSR1 FAIL – GSR1 has failed.
GTS CONFIG – GTS Config error.
Config service req'd.
Comments
The #1 AHRS has incorrect software installed. The
system should be serviced.
The GSR 56 Iridium Tranceiver has failed.
The GTS and GDU have different copies of the GTS
configuration, or the Mode S address is invalid. The
system should be serviced.
GTS MANIFEST – GTS software
The GTS has incorrect software installed. The
mismatch, communication halted.
system should be serviced.
GTX1 MANIFEST – GTX1 software The transponder has incorrect software installed.
The system should be serviced.
mismatch, communication halted.
GWX 68/GWX 70 configuration settings do not
GWX CONFIG – GWX config error.
match those of the GDU configuration. The system
Config service req’d.
should be serviced.
The GDU is not recieving status packet from the
GWX FAIL – GWX is inoperative.
GWX 68/GWX 70 or the GWX 68/GWX 70 is
reporting a fault. The GWX 68/GWX 70 radar
system should be serviced.
GWX MANIFEST – GWX software The GWX 68/GWX 70 has incorrect software
installed. The system should be serviced.
mismatch, communication halted.
A failure has been detected in the GWX 68/GWX
GWX SERVICE – Needs service.
70. The GWX 68/GWX 70 may still be usable.
Return unit for repair.
HDG FAULT – AHRS1
magnetometer fault has occurred.
A fault has occurred in the #1 GMU 44. Heading is
flagged as invalid. The AHRS uses GPS for backup
mode operation. The system should be serviced.
HW MISMATCH – GIA hardware
mismatch. GIA1 communication
halted.
HW MISMATCH – GIA hardware
mismatch. GIA2 communication
halted.
A GIA mismatch has been detected, where only
one is SBAS capable.
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Annunciations & Alerts
118
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Annunciations & Alerts
Index
119
Appendix
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
Annun/
Alerts
The MFD configuration settings do not match
backup configuration memory. The system should
be serviced.
The MFD is overheating and is reducing power
consumption by dimming the display. If problem
persists, the system should be serviced.
A key is stuck on the MFD bezel. Attempt to free
the stuck key by pressing it several times. The
system should be serviced if the problem persists.
The MFD detected a failure in the Airport Directory
database. Ensure that the data card is properly
inserted. Replace data card. If problem persists, the
system should be serviced.
Abnormal
Operation
190-01326-01 Rev. A
The PFD has incorrect software installed. The
system should be serviced.
Additional
Features
MFD1 DB ERR – MFD1 Airport
Directory database error exists.
Hazard
Avoidance
MFD1 KEYSTK – MFD [keyname]
Key is stuck.
Procedures
MFD1 COOLING – MFD1 has poor
cooling. Reducing power usage.
The MFD has incorrect software installed. The
system should be serviced.
Flight
Planning
MANIFEST – MFD1 software
mismatch. Communication halted.
MANIFEST – PFD1 software
mismatch. Communication halted.
MFD1 CONFIG – MFD1
configuration error. Config service
req’d.
GPS Nav
LRG MAG VAR – Verify all course
angles.
AFCS
GPS integrity is insufficient for the current phase of
flight.
This occurs when the pilot attempts to activate a
stored flight plan that contains locked waypoint.
Remove locked waypoint from flight plan. Update
flight plan with current waypoint.
The GDU’s internal model cannot determine the
exact magnetic variance for geographic locations
near the magnetic poles. Displayed magnetic
course angles may differ from the actual magnetic
heading by more than 2°.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
LOI – GPS integrity lost. Crosscheck
with other NAVS.
LOCKED FPL – Cannot navigate
locked flight plan.
EIS
Comments
The aircraft is inside the airspace.
Data link avionics were not configured correctly
and therefore will not be able to communicate with
the ground network.
Flight
Instruments
Message
INSIDE ARSPC – Inside airspace.
INVALID ADM – Invalid ADM: ATN
communication halted.
Message
MFD1 DB ERR – MFD1 basemap
database error exists.
MFD1 DB ERR – MFD1 Chartview
database error exists.
MFD1 DB ERR – MFD1 FliteCharts
database error exists.
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Annunciations & Alerts
MFD1 DB ERR – MFD1 multiple
database errors exists.
MFD1 DB ERR – MFD1 navigation
database error exists.
MFD1 DB ERR – MFD1 obstacle
database error exists.
MFD1 DB ERR – MFD1 obstacle
database missing.
MFD1 DB ERR – MFD1 terrain
database error exists.
MFD1 DB ERR – MFD1 terrain
database missing.
MFD1 SERVICE – MFD1 needs
service. Return unit for repair.
MFD1 VOLTAGE – MFD1 has low
voltage. Reducing power usage.
120
Comments
The MFD PFD detected a failure in the basemap
database.
The MFD detected a failure in the ChartView
database (optional feature). Ensure that the data
card is properly inserted. Replace data card. If
problem persists, the system should be serviced.
The MFD detected a failure in the FliteCharts
database (optional feature). Ensure that the data
card is properly inserted. Replace data card. If
problem persists, the system should be serviced.
The MFD detected a failure in more than one
database. If problem persists, the system should be
serviced.
The MFD detected a failure in the navigation
database. Attempt to reload the navigation
database. If problem persists, the system should be
serviced.
The MFD detected a failure in the obstacle
database. Ensure that the data card is properly
inserted. Replace data card. If problem persists,
the system should be serviced.
The obstacle database is present on another LRU,
but is missing on the specified LRU.
The MFD detected a failure in the terrain database.
Ensure that the terrain card is properly inserted in
display. Replace terrain card. If problem persists,
the system should be serviced.
The terrain database is present on another LRU,
but is missing on the specified LRU.
The MFD self-test has detected a problem. The
system should be serviced.
The MFD voltage is low. The system should be
serviced.
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Annunciations & Alerts
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
Abnormal
Operation
Annun/
Alerts
Appendix
Index
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
Procedures
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Flight
Planning
The PFD detected a failure in the basemap
database.
GPS Nav
PFD1 DB ERR – PFD1 basemap
database error exists.
The PFD is overheating and is reducing power
consumption by dimming the display. If problem
persists, the system should be serviced.
AFCS
The PFD configuration settings do not match
backup configuration memory. The system should
be serviced.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
PFD1 CONFIG – PFD1
configuration error. Config service
req’d.
PFD1 COOLING – PFD1 has poor
cooling. Reducing power usage.
EIS
Comments
System has updated the active navigation database
from the standby navigation database.
The remote NAV1 transfer switch is stuck in the
enabled (or “pressed”) state. Press the transfer
switch again to cycle its operation. If the problem
persists, the system should be serviced.
A failure has been detected in the NAV1 and/or
NAV1 SERVICE – NAV1 needs
NAV2 receiver. The receiver may still be available.
service. Return unit for repair.
The system should be serviced.
The remote NAV2 transfer switch is stuck in the
NAV2 RMT XFR – NAV2 remote
enabled (or “pressed”) state. Press the transfer
transfer key is stuck.
switch again to cycle its operation. If the problem
persists, the system should be serviced.
A failure has been detected in the NAV1 and/or
NAV2 SERVICE – NAV2 needs
NAV2 receiver. The receiver may still be available.
service. Return unit for repair.
The system should be serviced.
NON-MAG UNITS– Non-magnetic Navigation angle is not set to MAGNETIC at
power-up.
NAV ANGLE display units are
active.
The position of the selected waypoint [xxxx] is not
NON WGS84 WPT – Do not use
calculated based on the WGS84 map reference
GPS navigation to [xxxx].
datum and may be positioned in error as displayed.
Do not use GPS to navigate to the selected nonWGS84 waypoint.
Flight
Instruments
Message
NAV DB UPDATED – Active
navigation database updated.
NAV1 RMT XFR – NAV1 remote
transfer key is stuck.
121
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Annunciations & Alerts
Message
Comments
The PFD detected a failure in more than one
PFD1 DB ERR – PFD1 multiple
database. If problem persists, the system should be
database errors exists.
serviced.
The PFD detected a failure in the navigation
database. Attempt to reload the navigation
PFD1 DB ERR – PFD1 navigation
database. If problem persists, the system should be
database error exists.
serviced.
The PFD detected a failure in the obstacle
PFD1 DB ERR – PFD1 obstacle
database. Ensure that the data card is properly
database error exists.
inserted. Replace data card. If problem persists,
the system should be serviced.
The obstacle database is present on another LRU,
PFD1 DB ERR – PFD1 obstacle
but is missing on the specified LRU.
database missing.
The PFD detected a failure in the Safe Taxi
PFD1 DB ERR – PFD1 Safe Taxi
database. Ensure that the data card is properly
database error exists.
inserted. Replace data card. If problem persists,
the system should be serviced.
The PFD detected a failure in the terrain database.
PFD1 DB ERR – PFD1 terrain
Ensure that the terrain card is properly inserted in
database error exists.
display. Replace terrain card. If problem persists,
the system should be serviced.
The terrain database is present on another LRU,
PFD1 DB ERR – PFD1 terrain
but is missing on the specified LRU.
database missing.
A key is stuck on the PFD bezel. Attempt to free
PFD1 KEYSTK – PFD1 [keyname]
the stuck key by pressing it several times. The
Key is stuck.
system should be serviced if the problem persists.
[PFD1, or MFD1] CARD 1 ERR – The SD card in the top card slot of the PFD contains
invalid data.
Card 1 is invalid.
[PFD1, or MFD1] CARD 1 REM – The SD card was removed from the top card slot of
Card 1 was removed. Reinsert card. the PFD. The SD card needs to be reinserted.
[PFD1, or MFD1] CARD 2 ERR – The SD card in the bottom card slot of the specified
PFD contains invalid data.
Card 2 is invalid.
[PFD1, or MFD1] CARD 2 REM – The SD card was removed from the bottom card
Card 2 was removed. Reinsert card. slot of the PFD. The SD card needs to be reinserted.
122
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Annunciations & Alerts
Comments
The PFD self-test has detected a problem. The
system should be serviced.
The PFD1 voltage is low. The system should be
serviced.
RAIM UNAVAIL – RAIM not
available from FAF to MAP
waypoints.
REGISTER CONNEXT – Data
services are inoperative, register w/
Connext.
GPS satellite coverage is insufficient to perform
Receiver Autonomous Integrity Monitoring (RAIM)
from the FAF to the MAP waypoints.
SCHEDULER [#] – <message>.
SLCT FREQ – Select appropriate
frequency for approach.
Message criteria entered by the user.
The system notifies the pilot to load the approach
frequency for the appropriate NAV receiver. Select
the correct frequency for the approach.
The system notifies the pilot to set the Nav Angle
units on the Avioncs Settings Screen to Magnetic.
EIS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Bad parallel track geometry.
Invalid leg type for parallel offset.
AFCS
IAF waypoint for parallel offset has been passed.
Abnormal
Operation
Annun/
Alerts
Appendix
Index
123
Additional
Features
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
Hazard
Avoidance
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Procedures
The system notifies the pilot to set the CDI to the
correct NAV receiver. Set the CDI to the correct
NAV receiver.
The system notifies the pilot to set the Nav Angle
SLCT NON-MAG– Select
alternate NAV ANGLE display units. units on the Avioncs Settings Screen to True.
A steep turn is 15 seconds ahead. Prepare to turn.
STEEP TURN – Steep turn ahead.
STRMSCP FAIL – Stormscope has
Stormscope has failed. The system should be
failed.
serviced.
Flight
Planning
The GDL 59 is not registered with Garmin
Connext, or its current registration data has failed
authentication.
GPS Nav
SLCT MAG– Select MAGNETIC
NAV ANGLE display units.
SLCT NAV – Select NAV on CDI for
approach.
Flight
Instruments
Message
PFD1 SERVICE – PFD1 needs
service. Return unit for repair.
PFD1 VOLTAGE – PFD1 has low
voltage. Reducing power usage.
PTK FAIL – Parallel track
unavailable: bad geometry.
PTK FAIL – Parallel track
unavailable: invalid leg type.
PTK FAIL – Parallel track
unavailable: past IAF.
Message
SVT – SVT DISABLED: Out of
available terrain region.
SVT – SVT DISABLED: Terrain DB
resolution too low.
SW MISMATCH – GDU software
version mismatch. Xtalk is off.
Comments
Synthetic Vision is disabled because the aircraft is
not within the boundaries of the installed terrain
database.
Synthetic Vision is disabled because a terrain
database of sufficient resolution (9 arc-second or
better) is not currently installed.
The MFD and PFD have different software versions
installed. The system should be serviced.
TERRAIN AUD CFG – Trn
Awareness audio config error.
Service req’d.
TERRAIN DISABLED – Terrain
Awareness DB resolution too low
Appendix
Index
TAWS is disabled because the audio configuration
is invalid. The system should be serviced.
TAWS is disabled because a terrain database of
sufficient resolution (9 arc-second or better) is not
currently installed.
TERRAIN DSP – [PFD1 or
One of the terrain or obstacle databases required
MFD1] Terrain awareness display
for TAWS in the PFD or MFD is missing or invalid.
unavailable.
TIMER EXPIRD – Timer has expired. The system notifies the pilot that the timer has
expired.
The system is no longer receiving data from the
TRAFFIC FAIL – Traffic device has
traffic system. The traffic device should be serviced.
failed.
UNABLE V WPT – Can’t reach
current vertical waypoint.
The current vertical waypoint can not be reached
within the maximum flight path angle and vertical
speed constraints. The system automatically
transitions to the next vertical waypoint.
VNV – Unavailable. Excessive
crosstrack error.
VNV – Unavailable. Excessive track
angle error.
The current crosstrack exceeds the limit, causing
vertical deviation to go invalid.
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Annunciations & Alerts
124
The current track angle error exceeds the limit,
causing the vertical deviation to go invalid.
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Annunciations & Alerts
GPS Nav
WX ALERT – Possible severe
weather ahead.
AFCS
Arriving at waypoint [xxxx], where [xxxx] is the
waypoint name.
The GWX 68/GWX 70 indicates severe weather
within ±10 degrees of the aircraft heading at a
range of 80 to 320 nm.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
WPT ARRIVAL – Arriving at
waypoint -[xxxx]
EIS
Comments
A parallel course has been selected, causing the
vertical deviation to go invalid.
The lateral flight plan contains a procedure turn,
vector, or other unsupported leg type prior to the
active vertical waypoint. This prevents vertical
guidance to the active vertical waypoint.
Flight
Instruments
Message
VNV – Unavailable. Parallel course
selected.
VNV – Unavailable. Unsupported
leg type in flight plan.
Flight
Planning
Procedures
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
Abnormal
Operation
ADS-B is inoperative. Other transponder functions
XPDR1 ADS-B FAIL – XPDR1
unable to transmit ADS-B messages. may be available. Transponder should be serviced
when possible.
The transponder configuration settings do not
XPDR1 CONFIG – XPDR1 config
match those of backup configuration memory. The
error. Config service req’d.
system should be serviced.
The #1 transponder should be serviced when
XPDR1 SRVC – XPDR1 needs
possible.
service. Return unit for repair.
There is no communication with the #1
XPDR1 FAIL – XPDR1 is inoperative.
transponder.
The MFD and PFD are not communicating with
XTALK ERROR – A flight display
each other. The system should be serviced.
crosstalk error has occurred.
Annun/
Alerts
Appendix
Index
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
125
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Annunciations & Alerts
126
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Appendix
Flight
Instruments
APPENDIX
PFD SOFTKEY MAP
EIS
ALERTS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
AFCS
Top Level PFD Softkeys
Flight
Planning
PRECIP
or
STRMSCP NEXRAD-C
WX LGND
METAR
ALERTS
Press the BACK Softkey to return to
the top-level softkeys.
TRFC-2
Additional
Features
Inset Map Softkeys
Selects desired amount of map detail; cycles
through declutter levels:
DCLTR (No Declutter): All map features
visible
DCLTR-1: Declutters land data
DCLTR-2: Declutters land and SUA data
DCLTR-3: Removes everything except the
active flight plan
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
127
Index
DCLTR (3)
Appendix
Removes Inset Map
Annun/
Alerts
OFF
Abnormal
Operation
Displays Inset Map in PFD lower left corner
INSET
Hazard
Avoidance
TRFC-1
or
Procedures
NEXRAD-B DL LTNG
or
GPS Nav
ALERTS
Appendix
Flight
Instruments
WX LGND
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
TRAFFIC
TOPO
AFCS
TERRAIN
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
NEXRAD-B
or
NEXRAD-C
or
PRECIP
Procedures
XM LTNG
or
Hazard
Avoidance
DL LTNG
Displays NEXRAD weather and coverage
information on Inset Map (optional)
Displays Connext Weather precipitation on
Inset Map (optional)
Displays XM lightning information on the
Inset Map (optional)
Displays Worldwide Weather lightning information on the Inset Map (optional)
Displays METAR flags on airport symbols
shown on the Inset Map (optional)
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
METAR
Displays icon and age on the Inset Map for
the selected weather products (optional)
Cycles through traffic display options:
TRFC-1: Traffic displayed on inset map
TRFC-2: Traffic Map Page is displayed in
the inset map window
Displays topographical data (e.g., coastlines,
terrain, rivers, lakes) and elevation scale on
Inset Map
Displays terrain information on Inset Map
128
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Appendix
Flight
Instruments
(optional)
ALERTS
HSI FRMT
SYN VIS
ALERTS
ALT UNIT
EIS
HPA
ARC HSI
ALERTS
ALERTS
PATHWAY
SYN TERR HRZN HDG APTSIGNS
ALERTS
Procedures
PFD Configuration Softkeys
Appendix
HRZN HDG Displays compass heading along the
Zero-Pitch line
Annun/
Alerts
SYN TERR
Abnormal
Operation
PATHWAY
Additional
Features
SYN VIS
Displays second-level softkeys for
additional PFD configurations
Displays the softkeys for enabling or
disabling Synthetic Vision features
Displays rectangular boxes representing
the horizontal and vertical flight path of
the active flight plan
Enables synthetic terrain depiction
Hazard
Avoidance
PFD
Flight
Planning
ALERTS
GPS Nav
360 HSI
IN
AFCS
METERS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Press the BACK Softkey to
return to the top-level softkeys
Index
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
129
Appendix
EIS
Flight
Instruments
APTSIGNS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
DFLTS
WIND
AFCS
OPTN 1
GPS Nav
OPTN 2
Flight
Planning
OPTN 3
OFF
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
DME
BRG1
Additional
Features
HSI FRMT
360 HSI
ARC HSI
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
BRG2
Index
Appendix
ALT UNIT
130
Displays position markers for airports
within approximately 15 nm of the
current aircraft position. Airport
identifiers are displayed when the
airport is within approximately 9 nm.
Resets PFD to default settings,
including changing units to standard
Displays softkeys to select wind data
parameters
Headwind/tailwind and crosswind
arrows with numeric speed components
Wind direction arrow and numeric
speed
Wind direction arrow with headwind/
tailwind and crosswind speed components
Information not displayed
Displays the DME Information Window
Cycles the Bearing 1 Information
Window through NAV1 or GPS/
waypoint identifier and GPS-derived
distance information.
Displays the HSI formatting softkeys
Displays the HSI in a 360 degree format
Displays the HSI in an arc format
Cycles the Bearing 2 Information
Window through NAV2 or GPS/
waypoint identifier and GPS-derived
distance information.
Displays softkeys for setting the altimeter
and BARO settings to metric units
METERS
When enabled, displays altimeter in
meters
IN
Press to display the BARO setting as
inches of mercury
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Appendix
STD BARO
Press to display the BARO setting as
hectopacals
ADS-B TX
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
ALERTS
EIS
Sets barometric pressure to 29.92 in Hg
(1013 hPa)
Flight
Instruments
HPA
ALERTS
AFCS
Press the BACK Softkey to return
to the top-level softkeys.
STBY
131
Index
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
Appendix
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Annun/
Alerts
Green (Airborne) - Transponder generates
Mode A, Mode C, and Mode S replies to
interrogations, as well as transmissions
of acquisition and extended squitters
including ADS-B out.
Abnormal
Operation
ALT
Additional
Features
ON
Displays transponder mode selection
softkeys
Selects Standby Mode (transponder does
not reply to any interrogations)
Selects Mode A (transponder replies to
interrogations)
White (On-Ground) - Transponder does
not allow Mode A or Mode C replies to
interrogations, , but it does permit acquisition and extended squitters including ADSB out, and replies to discretely addressed
Mode S interrogations.
Hazard
Avoidance
XPDR
Procedures
Transponder Softkeys
Flight
Planning
Press the BACK Softkey to return
to the previous level softkeys.
GPS Nav
ALERTS
Appendix
Removes numbers entered, one at a time
Flight
Instruments
EIS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
IDENT
AFCS
GPS Nav
Flight
Planning
BKSP
CODE
TMR/REF
Enables/disables automatic transmission of
ADS-B position and speed.
Activates the Special Position Identification
(SPI) pulse for 18 seconds, identifying the
transponder return on the ATC screen
Displays Timer/References Window
NRST
Displays Nearest Airports Window
ALERTS
Displays Alerts Window
ADS-B TX
IDENT
MFD SOFTKEY MAP
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
0—7
Automatically enters the VFR code (1200 in
the U.S.A. only)
Displays transponder code selection
softkeys 0-7
Activates the Special Position Identification
(SPI) pulse for 18 seconds, identifying the
transponder return on the ATC screen
Use numbers to enter code
VFR
MAP
ENGINE
DCLTR
Additional
Features
DCLTR-1
DCLTR-2
Abnormal
Operation
DCLTR-3
ENGINE
DEC FUEL INC FUEL RST FUEL
(optional)
PRECIP
Annun/
Alerts
or
(optional) (optional)
NEXRAD-B
DL LTNG
or
or
(optional) (optional) (optional) (optional) (optional) (optional)
Appendix
TRAFFIC PROFILE
TOPO
TERRAIN AIRWAYS STRMSCP NEXRAD-C XM LTNG
AIRWY ON
METAR
LEGEND
WX RADAR
BACK
Select the BACK softkey to
return to the top-level softkeys.
AIRWY LO
Index
AIRWY HI
MFD Softkeys
132
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Appendix
INC FUEL
RST FUEL
MAP
TRAFFIC
TOPO
Additional
Features
Abnormal
Operation
Annun/
Alerts
STRMSCP
Hazard
Avoidance
AIRWAYS
Procedures
TERRAIN
Flight
Planning
PROFILE
GPS Nav
Appendix
Decreases displayed fuel remaining in
1-gal increments
Increases displayed fuel remaining in
1-gal increments
Resets displayed fuel remaining to
maximum fuel capacity for aircraft and
fuel used to zero
Enables second-level Navigation Map
softkeys
Displays traffic information on
Navigation Map
Displays/removes Profile View on
Navigation Map Page
Displays topographical data (e.g.,
coastlines, terrain, rivers, lakes) and
elevation scale on Navigation Map
Displays terrain information on
Navigation Map
Displays airways on the map; cycles
through the following:
AIRWAYS: No airways are displayed
AIRWY ON: All airways are
displayed
AIRWY LO: Only low altitude
airways are displayed
AIRWY HI: Only high altitude
airways are displayed
Displays Stormscope information on
Navigation Map (optional)
AFCS
DEC FUEL
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
Returns to the top-level softkeys
EIS
ENGINE
Flight
Instruments
Enables second level engine softkeys
ENGINE
Index
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
133
Appendix
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
NEXRAD-B
or
NEXRAD-C
or
PRECIP
XM LTNG
AFCS
or
GPS Nav
DL LTNG
Flight
Planning
METAR
Procedures
LEGEND
Hazard
Avoidance
WX RADAR
DCLTR
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
BACK
SHW CHRT
CHKLIST
134
Displays NEXRAD weather and
coverage information on Navigation
Map (optional)
Displays Connext Weather
precipitation on Navigation Map
(optional)
Displays XM lightning information
on the Navigation Map (optional)
Displays Worldwide Weather
lightning information on the
Navigation Map (optional)
Displays METAR flags on airport
symbols shown on the Navigation
Map
Displays the legend for the selected
weather products. Available only
when NEXRAD, XM LTNG, and/or
METAR softkeys are selected.
Displays the weather radar scan on the
Navigation Map (optional)
Returns to top-level softkeys
Selects desired amount of map detail;
cycles through declutter levels:
DCLTR (No Declutter): All map
features visible
DCLTR-1: Declutters land data
DCLTR-2: Declutters land and SUA
data
DCLTR-3: Removes everything except
the active flight plan
When available, displays optional
airport and terminal procedure charts
When available, displays optional
checklists
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Appendix
GPS Nav
Flight
Planning
Procedures
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
Abnormal
Operation
Annun/
Alerts
Error Message
Description
Canceled
Database synchronization has been canceled by removing the bottom
SD card in display being updated
Card Full
SD card does not contain sufficient memory
Err
Displayed for all other errors that may cause the synchronization
process to be halted
Timeout
System timed-out prior to the database transfer completing
AFCS
In some cases it may be necessary to obtain an unlock code from Garmin in order
to make the database product functional. It may also be necessary to have the system
configured by a Garmin authorized service facility in order to use some database features.
If an error occurs during synchronization, an error message will be displayed,
followed by the affected display in the Sync Status section of the Database Window. If
synchronization completes on one display, but an error occurs on another, the error
message will be displayed with the affected displays listed after it. When an error
message is displayed, the problem must be corrected before synchronization can be
completed. A power cycle is required to restart synchronization when ‘Card Full’ or
‘Err’ is shown.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
NOTE: Garmin requests that the flight crew report any observed discrepancies
related to database information. These discrepancies could come in the form
of an incorrect procedure; incorrectly identified terrain, obstacles and fixes; or
any other displayed item used for navigation or communication in the air or
on the ground. Go to FlyGarmin.com and select “Aviation Data Error Report.
EIS
CAUTION: Never disconnect power to the system when loading a database.
Power interruption during the database loading process could result in maintenance being required to reboot the system.
Flight
Instruments
LOADING UPDATED DATABASES
Appendix
Index
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
135
Updating the active navigation database (not using the Dual
Navigation Database or Automatic Database Synchronization
Features):
Go to www.flygarmin.com or www.jeppesen.com. Download the
applicable software and install the navigation database on a blank
SD card.
2) With the system OFF, insert the SD card containing the new navigation database
version into the top card slot of the display (label of SD card facing left).
1)
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Appendix
4)
5)
Press the NO Softkey to proceed to loading only the active database.
A prompt similar to the following is displayed, press the YES Softkey to
update the active navigation database.
After the update completes, the display starts in normal mode. Do not
remove power while the display is starting.
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
6)
7)
Turn the system OFF and remove the SD card from the top card slot.
8)
Repeat steps 2 through 7 for the other display. Remove the SD card when
finished.
9)
Apply power to the system and press the ENT Key or the right-most softkey on
the MFD to acknowledge the startup screen.
10) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the AUX Page group on the MFD.
Additional
Features
11) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the System Status Page.
12) Press the Display Database Selection Softkey to show active navigation
database information for each display.
13) Verify the correct navigation database cycle information is shown for each
display.
Abnormal
Operation
Annun/
Alerts
Turn the system ON. A prompt similar to the following is displayed in the
upper left corner of the display:
Dual Navigation Database Feature
The dual navigation database feature allows each display to store an upcoming
navigation database on the bottom SD card so that the system can automatically
load it to replace the active database when the new database becomes effective
(the next cycle becomes available seven days prior to its effective date).
Index
Appendix
3)
136
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Appendix
Flight
Instruments
EIS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
The system checks the active and standby databases upon (on-ground only) powerup. If the standby database is current and the active database is out of date, the display
will upload the standby database into the active internal database location. Loading
the standby database to the active location takes approximately 45-55 seconds. During the loading process ‘Please Wait. Navigation Database Update in Progress. Do Not
Remove Power from Displays’ will be displayed on screen. After startup is complete,
the pilot is alerted that the update is complete by a system alert message, ‘NAV DB
UPDATED’.
Loading a standby navigation database:
AFCS
Go to www.flygarmin.com or www.jeppesen.com. Download the
applicable software and install the navigation database on a blank
SD card.
2)
With the system OFF, insert the SD card containing the new navigation
database version into the top card slot of the display.
3)
Verify that an SD card is inserted in the bottom slot of each display.
4)
Turn the system ON. A prompt similar to the following is displayed.
5)
Press the YES softkey. The navigation database is copied to the SD card in
the bottom of the display.
6)
7)
8)
As instructed on the display, press any key to continue.
Press any key to continue.
Press the NO Softkey. The display now starts in normal mode. Since the
database effective date is not yet valid, it should not be loaded as the
active database. The display now starts in normal mode. Do not remove
power while the display is starting.
GPS Nav
1)
Flight
Planning
Hazard
Avoidance
Additional
Features
Abnormal
Operation
Annun/
Alerts
Appendix
12) Turn the large FMS Knob to select the AUX Page group on the MFD.
13) Turn the small FMS Knob to select the System Status Page.
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
Index
14) Press the Display Database Selection Softkey to show standby navigation
database information for each display.
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Procedures
Turn the system OFF and remove the SD card from the top card slot.
10) Repeat steps 2 through 10 for the other display.
11) Apply power to the system and press the ENT Key on the MFD display to
acknowledge the startup screen.
9)
137
Appendix
16) Remove power from the system.
Updating Basemap, SafeTaxi, Obstacle, Airport Directory, Chartview
and Flitecharts Databases
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
15) Verify the correct standby navigation database cycle information is shown
for each display.
2)
Go to www.flygarmin.com. Download the applicable software and
install the databases on the Garmin SD card for each display. (The
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
FliteChart database must only be installed on the MFD SD Card).
Additional
Features
Abnormal
Operation
With the system OFF, remove the Garmin SD Cards from the bottom SD card slot of
each flight display unit.
3)
Put the Garmin SD Cards back in the bottom SD card slots of each flight
display unit.
4)
Turn the system ON.
5)
During MFD power-up, check the MFD Power-Up screen and make sure that
the database is initialized and shown on the database information.
6)
Press the ENT Key on MFD display to acknowledge the startup screen.
7)
Turn the large FMS Knob to select the AUX Page group on the MFD.
8)
Turn the small FMS Knob to select the System Status Page.
9)
Press the Display Database Selection Softkey to show database information
for each display.
10) Verify the correct database cycle information is shown for each display.
11) Remove power from the system.
Magnetic Field Variation Database Update
At startup, the system compares this version of the MV DB with that presently being
used by the AHRS (GRS). If the system determines the MV DB needs to be updated,
a prompt is displayed on the Navigation Map Page, as shown in the following figure.
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
1)
138
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Appendix
Flight
Instruments
EIS
AFCS
Loading the magnetic field variation database update:
With ‘OK’ highlighted, as shown in the previous figure, press the ENT Key
on the MFD. A progress monitor is displayed as shown in the following
figure.
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
GRS Magnetic Field Variation Database Update Prompt
GPS Nav
Flight
Planning
Procedures
Hazard
Avoidance
Uploading Database to GRS
Additional
Features
Abnormal
Operation
Annun/
Alerts
Appendix
Index
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
139
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Appendix
Blank Page
140
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Index
Edit a flight plan 31
Enable Terrain 62
Endurance, calculated (ENDUR) 7
Engine load 6
Procedures
F
Annun/
Alerts
Appendix
Gain 66
Garmin Connext 45, 46, 51, 52
Garmin Connext Weather 47
H
Index
Horizon heading 69
Horizontal Scan 66
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
Abnormal
Operation
G
Additional
Features
Flight path marker 69
Flight plan import/export messages 108
FliteCharts® 70, 71
Frequency Transfer 10
Fuel
Calculations 8
Hazard
Avoidance
190-01326-01 Rev. A
E
Flight
Planning
CDI 1, 10, 123
Cell 41, 42
Cell mode 42
Channel Presets 74
ChartView 70, 71
CLD TOP Softkey 54
Clearance player 10
Clearance Recorder 10
GPS Nav
C
AFCS
Barometric Altitude Minimums 2
Barometric pressure 131
Bearing Line 65, 67
Bus voltage 7
Database Synchronization 136
DCLTR Softkey 70
Dead Reckoning 95
DEC FUEL softkey 8
Declutter 94, 127, 134
Direct-to 15
DME 9, 10
DR mode 95, 96
Dual navigation database 136
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
B
D
EIS
Access Code 46
Activate a flight plan 16
Active Channel 73
Active database 136, 137
AC-U-KWIK® 72
ADF 9, 10, 94
AHRS 110, 115, 118
AIRMET 55
Airport Directory 72
Airport Signs 69, 70
Airways 133
ALT 59
Altitude mode 59
Altitude volume 59
Antenna Stabilization 67
Antenna Tilt 65
AOPA Airport Directory 72
Audio panel controls
NAV1, NAV2 10
Auxiliary video 80
Code selection softkeys 9
COM 9, 10, 93
Coolant temperature 7
Flight
Instruments
A
Index-1
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Index
I
Inhibit 61, 63
Inhibit TAWS 63
Inhibit Terrain 61
Inset Map 127, 128
Intercom isolation 11
IOI 99, 100, 104
Iridium 81, 82, 85
Oil
Pressure 7
Temperature 7
P
J
Pathways 69, 70
Pilot Weather Report (PIREP) 47
PIREP 56
Precipitation 47
Predefined Message 87, 88
Jeppesen 71
R
L
Lightning 41, 42, 47
Register 46
Reversionary mode 93
ROC 99, 104
M
S
Map panning 43
Message advisories 110
METAR 43, 47, 55, 56
Minimums 108
MKR/MUTE 10
Mode selection softkeys 9
Multi Function Display (MFD)
Softkeys 132
SafeTaxi® 69, 70
SBAS 36, 62, 63, 95
SD Card 78, 79
Sector Scan 67
SIGMET 47, 55
SiriusXM Lightning 128, 134
SiriusXM Weather 43
SMS 81
STAB 67
Standby 64
Standby Navigation Database 137, 138
Store Flight Plan 31
Stormscope lightning data 41, 42
Strike 41
Strike mode 42
SVS 69, 124
SVS Terrain 69
Synchronization 135
Synthetic Vision System 69
System ID 46
N
NAV 10
NAV1 1, 10
NAV2 1, 10
Navigation database 17, 18
NEXRAD 43, 128, 134
NEXRAD Softkey 53
O
OBS 2
Obstacles 113, 118
Index-2
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Index
AFCS
GPS Nav
WAAS 118
WATCH® 67
Waypoint Selection Submenu 25, 26
Weather Attenuated Color Highlight 67
Weather data link page 43
Wind data 130
Winds Aloft 47, 56
WIND Softkey 56
Worldwide Weather 45, 46, 50, 53,
128, 134
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
TA 108
Tachometer 7
TAS 59
TAWS 62, 63, 98
TAWS-B 102
ALERTS 102
Telephone 81, 82, 84, 85, 87, 89
Terminal Aerodrome Forecast (TAF) 43,
47, 55
Terrain 60, 62, 113, 128, 133
Terrain-SVS 13, 60, 61, 62
Text Message 85, 86, 87, 89
Tilt line 65
Topographical data 128, 133
Traffic 41, 58, 133
Traffic advisory 58
Traffic Advisory 108
Traffic map page 58, 59, 60
Transponder 9, 131, 132
True Airspeed (TAS) 110
EIS
W
Flight
Instruments
T
Flight
Planning
Procedures
Hazard
Avoidance
V
Additional
Features
Vertical speed guidance 18
Vertical track 108
Video 80
VNAV 124, 125
VNV 15, 94
Abnormal
Operation
Annun/
Alerts
Appendix
Index
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
Index-3
Index
Appendix
Annun/
Alerts
Abnormal
Operation
Additional
Features
Hazard
Avoidance
Procedures
Flight
Planning
GPS Nav
AFCS
Nav/Com/
XPDR/Audio
EIS
Flight
Instruments
Index
Blank Page
Index-4
Garmin G950® Cockpit Reference Guide for the Vulcanair P68
190-01326-01 Rev. A
Garmin International, Inc.
1200 East 151st Street
Olathe, Kansas 66062, U.S.A.
Tel: 913.397.8200
Fax: 913.397.8282
Aircraft On Ground (AOG) Hotline: 913.397.0836
Aviation Dealer Technical Support: 888.606.5482
Garmin AT, Inc.
2345 Turner Road SE
Salem, OR 97302, U.S.A.
Tel: 503.581.8101
Fax 503.364.2138
Garmin (Europe) Ltd.
Liberty House, Hounsdown Business Park
Southampton, Hampshire SO40 9LR U.K.
Tel: +44 (0) 238 052 4000
Fax: +44 (0) 238 052 4004
Aviation Support: +44 (0) 370 850 1243
Garmin Corporation
No. 68, Zhangshu 2nd Road
Xizhi District, New Taipei City, Taiwan
Tel: 34-93-357-2608
Fax: 34-93-429-4484
www.garmin.com
© 2011, 2016 Garmin Ltd. or its subsidiaries
190-01326-01 Rev. A
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