Volvo | S90 | Sensus Navigation | Volvo S90 2017 Sensus Navigation

Volvo S90 2017 Sensus Navigation
SENSUS NAVIGATION
จุดหมายปลายทาง/จุดหมายปลายทางสุดทาย
จุดหมายปลายทางยอยระหวางทาง
จุดแนะนำเสนทาง
รถยนตบนเสนทางทีว่ างแผนไว
ขอมูลจราจร
ลดขนาด (มุมมองขยายออก) หรือเพิ่มขนาด (เต็มจอ) ภาพแผนที่
คำนวณทางเบี่ยง
พูดเสียงการแนะนำเสนทางปจจุบันอีกครั้ง
เปด/ปดเสียงแนะนำเสนทางชั่วคราว
ยกเลิกการแนะนำเสนทาง
ใสขอมูลจุดหมายปลายทาง/จุดหมายปลายทางยอยระหวางทาง
ขอความและสัญลักษณบนแผนที่
ตำแหนงในปจจุบันของรถ
อัตราสวนของแผนที่
รายการตำแหนงการแนะนำเสนทางของกำหนดการเดินทาง
จุดหมายปลายทางและเวลาถึงจุดหมาย/ระยะเวลาในการเดินทาง หรือตำแหนง
ปจจุบันและระยะทางถึงจุดหมาย
รายการของสถานที่นาสนใจ (Point of Interest - POI) ของกำหนดการเดินทาง
และขอมูลการจราจร
สถานที่นาสนใจ ( Point of Interest - POI)
รีเซ็ตแผนที่เพื่อติดตามรถยนต
เปลี่ยนการแสดงแผนที่ระหวาง 2D กับ 3D
เข็มทิศ + การเปลี่ยนระหวางการแสดงทิศเหนืออยูดานบนกับทิศทางการเดินทาง
อยูดานบน
กำหนดการเดินทางและเสนทางเลื่อกอื่น
6(16861$9,*$7,21
73
6HQVXV1DYLJDWLRQÁž}œ¦³ o°¤¼¨„µ¦‹¦µ‹¦Â¨³„µ¦Âœ³œ¶Á­oœšµŠŸnµœ
—µªÁš¸¥¤
Á¦µÅ—o—¶Áœ·œ„µ¦¡´•œµÁ¡ºÉ°ž¦´ž¦»ŠŸ¨·˜£´–”r °ŠÁ¦µÄ®o—¸ ¹Êœ°¥¼n˜¨°—Áª¨µ„µ¦
ž¦´ž¦»ŠÁž¨¸É¥œÂž¨Š®¤µ¥‡ªµ¤ªnµ o°¤¼¨‡¶°›·µ¥Â¨³£µ¡ž¦³„°Äœ
Á°„­µ¦Á­¦·¤Œ´œ¸Ê°µ‹Â˜„˜nµŠÅž‹µ„°»ž„¦–rĜ¦™¦·¬´š °­Šªœ­·š›·ÍĜ„µ¦
Áž¨¸É¥œÂž¨ŠÃ—¥Å¤n˜o°ŠÂ‹oŠÄ®oš¦µ¨nªŠ®œoµ
­µ¦´
‡¶œ¶
‡¶Âœ³œ¶°¥nµŠ¥n°­¶®¦´¦³œ¶šµŠ
—oª¥ÂŸœš¸É
„µ¦Âœ³œ¶Á­oœšµŠÅž¥´Š‹»—®¤µ¥ž¨µ¥
šµŠÂŠnµ¥
‹°Â­—ŠŸ¨Â¨³ž»i¤‡ª‡»¤„µ¦š¶Šµœ
­¶®¦´¦³œ¶šµŠ—oª¥ÂŸœš¸É
„µ¦ÄoŠµœš´ÉªÅž °Š¦³œ¶šµŠ—oª¥ÂŸœš¸É
„µ¦¦´¦¼oÁ­¸¥Š
„µ¦‹—‹¶Á­¸¥Š
„µ¦Äo„µ¦¦´¦¼o‡¶­´ÉŠÁ­¸¥Š
„µ¦¦´¦¼o‡¶­´ÉŠÁ­¸¥ŠÂ¨³¦³œ¶šµŠ—oª¥ÂŸœš¸É
„µ¦˜´ÊŠ‡nµ­¶®¦´„µ¦¦´¦¼o‡¶­´ÉŠÁ­¸¥Š
¦³»‹»—®¤µ¥ž¨µ¥šµŠ
o°¤¼¨š´ÉªÅžÁ„¸É¥ª„´„µ¦žj°œ‹»—®¤µ¥
ž¨µ¥šµŠ
¦³»‹»—®¤µ¥ž¨µ¥šµŠœÂŸœš¸É×¥˜¦Š
„µ¦¦³»‹»—®¤µ¥ž¨µ¥šµŠÃ—¥Äo„µ¦
‡oœ®µ—oª¥ o°‡ªµ¤Â°·­¦³
„µ¦¦³»‹»—®¤µ¥ž¨µ¥šµŠ—oª¥¦µ¥„µ¦
¨nµ­»—¦µ¥„µ¦Ãž¦—Ũ¦µ¦¸
¦³»‹»—®¤µ¥ž¨µ¥šµŠ—oª¥­™µœš¸Éœnµ
­œÄ‹ 3RLQWRI,QWHUHVW32,
„µ¦¦³»‹»—®¤µ¥ž¨µ¥šµŠÃ—¥Äoš¸É°¥¼n
´œš¹„‹»—®¤µ¥ž¨µ¥šµŠÃ—¥Äo6HQGWR&DU
„¶®œ—„µ¦Á—·œšµŠÂ¨³Á­oœšµŠ
„¶®œ—„µ¦Á—·œšµŠÂ¨³Á­oœšµŠÁ¨º°„°ºÉœ
˜¶Â®œnŠÂœ³œ¶Á­oœšµŠÄœ„¶®œ—„µ¦Á—·œšµŠ
­™µœš¸Éœnµ­œÄ‹ 3RLQWRI,QWHUHVW32,
ĜÁ­oœšµŠ
Á®˜»„µ¦–rŤnž„˜·Äœ„µ¦‹¦µ‹¦ÄœÁ­oœšµŠ
„µ¦r— o°¤¼œÂŸœš¸É
Á¨º°„šµŠÁ¸É¥Š
o°¤¼¨„µ¦‹¦µ‹¦
„µ¦˜´ÊŠ‡nµ
o°¤¼¨„µ¦‹¦µ‹¦
o°¤¼¨„µ¦‹¦µ‹¦ÄœÁª¨µ‹¦·Š 577,
„µ¦­´ÉŠŠµœ„µ¦¥„Á¨·„„µ¦š¶Šµœ„µ¦
­—ŠÂŸœš¸Éœ‹°Â­—ŠŸ¨­¶®¦´‡œ ´
6HQVXV1DYLJDWLRQ„µ¦˜´ÊŠ‡nµ
„µ¦˜´ÊŠ‡nµÂŸœš¸É
„µ¦˜´ÊŠ‡nµÁ­oœšµŠ
„µ¦˜´ÊŠ‡nµ„µ¦‹¦µ‹¦
„µ¦­´ÉŠŠµœ¥„Á¨·„„µ¦š¶Šµœ5HDO7LPH
7UDIILF,QIRUPDWLRQ o°¤¼¨„µ¦‹¦µ‹¦Äœ
Áª¨µ‹¦·Š®¦º°577, „µ¦˜´ÊŠ‡nµ„µ¦Âœ³œ¶Á­oœšµŠ
o°¤¼¨ÂŸœš¸É
o°¤¼¨Á„¸É¥ª„´ÂŸœš¸É¨³¦³
„µ¦°´¡Á—˜ o°¤¼¨ÂŸœš¸É—oª¥0DS&DUH
„µ¦°´¡Á—˜ o°¤¼¨ÂŸœš¸É—oª¥¦™š¸É¤¸„µ¦
ÁºÉ°¤˜n°°·œÁš°¦rÁœÈ˜
„µ¦°´¡Á—˜ o°¤¼¨ÂŸœš¸ÉŸnµœšµŠ3&¨³86%
„µ¦˜¦ª‹®µ o°„¡¦n°Š­¶®¦´6HQVXV
1DYLJDWLRQ
o°˜„¨Š„µ¦°œ»µ˜Äo­·š›·­¶®¦´¦³
œ¶šµŠ—oª¥ÂŸœš¸É
¨· ­·š›·Í­¶®¦´„µ¦œ¶šµŠœÂŸœš¸É
—´œ¸
—´œ¸
‡¶œ¶
‡¶œ¶
‡¶Âœ³œ¶°¥nµŠ¥n°­¶®¦´¦³œ¶šµŠ—oª¥
Ÿœš¸É
‹µ„œ´ÊœÂŸœš¸É °Š¡ºÊœš¸Éž{‹‹»´œ‹³Â­—Š ¹Êœ¡¦o°¤„´
­´¨´„¬–r °Š¦™š¸É­—Š—oª¥­µ¤Á®¨¸É¥¤­¸œÊ¶ÁŠ·œ
¦³Å¢¢jµ °Š¦™‹³š¶ŠµœÃ—¥°´˜Ãœ¤´˜Á· ¤ºÉ°Ážd—
ž¦³˜¼‡œ ´
„µ¦­´ÉŠŠµœ„µ¦œ¶šµŠ
™Á¤œ¼1DYLJDWLRQ „µ¦œ¶šµŠ
™oµ¦³œ¶šµŠÅ¤n­—ŠÂŸœš¸Éœ‹°Â­—ŠŸ¨­nªœ„¨µŠ
˜³š¸É™Á¤œ¼š¸É°¥¼nœ­»—1DYLJDWLRQ ™oµ‹°Â­—ŠŸ¨­nªœ„¨µŠÅ¤n­—ŠÂ™Á¤œ¼1DYLJDWLRQ
˜³š¸Éž»i¤+RPH ®œoµ®¨´„ ‹µ„œ´ÊœÂ˜³š¸É™Á¤œ¼
1DYLJDWLRQ ¦³œ¶šµŠ­µ¤µ¦™ÄoŠµœÅ—oÁ¤ºÉ°—´Á‡¦ºÉ°Š¥œ˜r
—oª¥Á¤ºÉ°¦³—´Â˜Á˜°¦¸É˜É¶Á„·œÅž¦³‹³žd—
š¶Šµœ
‡¶Á˜º°œ
ž’·´˜·˜µ¤­·ÉŠ˜n°Åžœ¸Ê
಴
Ä®o‡ªµ¤­œÄ‹Â¨³Ä­nċ„´šo°Š™œœÂ¨³Âœnċ
ªnµ­¤µ›· °Ššnµœ°¥¼n„´„µ¦ ´ ¸É
಴
ž’·´˜·˜µ¤„‘‹¦µ‹¦Â¨³ ´ ¸É°¥nµŠ¤¸­˜·°¥¼n
Á­¤°
಴
ž»i¤+RPH ®œoµ®¨´„
®¤µ¥Á®˜»
ÁœºÉ°Š‹µ„­£µ¡°µ„µ«®¦º°Áª¨µš¸ÉŸnµœÅž
­µ¤µ¦™‹³­nŠŸ¨˜n°­£µ¡œšo°Š™œœ—´Šœ´Êœ
‹¹ŠÅ¤n­µ¤µ¦™¦´ž¦³„´œ‡ªµ¤œnµÁºÉ°™º°Äœ
‡¶Âœ³œ¶µŠ°¥nµŠÅ—o
„µ¦¥„Á¨·„„µ¦š¶Šµœ °Š„µ¦œ¶šµŠ
šnµœÅ¤n­µ¤µ¦™žd—¦³œ¶šµŠÅ—o˜n¦³œ¶šµŠ‹³
š¶Šµœ°¥¼nĜÁºÊ°Š®¨´Š˜¨°—Áª¨µ¦³‹³žd—š¶Šµœ
Á¤ºÉ°šnµœ¨È°‡¦™Â¨³°°„Åž‹µ„¦™Ášnµœ´Êœ
o°¤¼¨š¸ÉÁ„¸É¥ª o°Š
಴ ‹°Â­—ŠŸ¨Â¨³ž»i¤‡ª‡»¤„µ¦š¶Šµœ­¶®¦´¦³
œ¶šµŠ—oª¥ÂŸœš¸É œ
಴
„µ¦Âœ³œ¶Á­oœšµŠÅž¥´Š‹»—®¤µ¥ž¨µ¥šµŠÂ
Šnµ¥ œ
‡¶œ¶
„µ¦Âœ³œ¶Á­oœšµŠÅž¥´Š‹»—®¤µ¥ž¨µ¥šµŠ
Šnµ¥
‹°Â­—ŠŸ¨Â¨³ž»i¤‡ª‡»¤„µ¦š¶Šµœ­¶®¦´
¦³œ¶šµŠ—oª¥ÂŸœš¸É
„µ¦˜´ÊŠ‡nµ„µ¦Âœ³œ¶Åž¥´Š‹»—®¤µ¥ž¨µ¥šµŠš¸É˜o°Š
„µ¦Ã—¥Å¤n˜o°Š°nµœ‡¼n¤º°­¶®¦´Á‹oµ °Š¦™
6HQVXV1DYLJDWLRQ‹³Â­—Š ¹ÊœÂ¨³š¶ŠµœÄœª·›¸
˜nµŠÇ„´œ°°„ÅžÁnœŸnµœšµŠ‹°Â­—ŠŸ¨­¶®¦´
‡œ ´‹°Â­—ŠŸ¨œ„¦³‹„®œoµÂ¨³„µ¦­´ÉŠŠµœ
—oª¥Á­¸¥Š
„µ¦Á¨º°„‹»—®¤µ¥ž¨µ¥šµŠœÂŸœš¸É
˜³š¸É¤»¤¤°Š¥n°¥1DYLJDWLRQ
‹°Â­—ŠŸ¨­¶®¦´‡œ ´
‹°Â­—ŠŸ¨­nªœ„¨µŠ
Ÿœš¸É‹³Â­—Š ¹Êœœ‹°Â­—ŠŸ¨­¶®¦´‡œ ´ œµ—œ·Êª
Ášnµœ´Êœ
Ĝ¦³®ªnµŠ„µ¦ ´ ¸É ‡œ ´‹³Å—o¦´„µ¦œ¶šµŠŸnµœšµŠ
„µ¦Âœ³œ¶—oª¥Á­¸¥ŠÂ¨³‡¶Âœ³œ¶œ‹°Â­—ŠŸ¨
­¶®¦´‡œ ´šnµœ¥´Š­µ¤µ¦™Â­—ŠÂŸœš¸É œ‹°Â­—Š
Ÿ¨­¶®¦´‡œ ´Ã—¥Å¤n¤¸„µ¦˜´ÊŠ‹»—®¤µ¥ž¨µ¥šµŠÅ—o°¸„
—oª¥
˜³Á¡ºÉ° ¥µ¥¦¼žÂŸœš¸ÉÄ®oÄ®n­»—
‡oœ®µ˜¶Â®œnŠš¸É˜o°Š„µ¦œÂŸœš¸É
˜³š¸É˜¶Â®œnŠœ´Êœ‡oµŠÅªo
! ¦³‹³­¦oµŠÅ°‡°œ ¹Êœ®œ¹ÉŠÅ°‡°œÂ¨³Á¤œ¼‹³
­—Š ¹Êœ
„—ž»i¤*RKHUH
! Á¦·É¤˜oœ„µ¦Âœ³œ¶Á­oœšµŠ
„µ¦ÄoŠµœš´ÊŠ®¤— °Š¦³œ¶šµŠ‹³š¶Äœ‹°Â­—ŠŸ¨
­nªœ„¨µŠÁnœ„µ¦˜´ÊŠ‡nµÂŸœš¸É¨³„µ¦˜´ÊŠ‡nµ‹»—®¤µ¥
ž¨µ¥šµŠÁž}œ˜oœ
™oµ£µ¡ÂŸœš¸ÉŤn­—Š ¹Êœœ‹°Â­—ŠŸ¨­nªœ„¨µŠÄ®o
˜³œÂ™Á¤œ¼¦³—´œ­»— °Š¤»¤¤°Š®œoµ®¨´„
1DYLJDWLRQ
žjœ¡·¤¡r­¶®¦´¦™¡ªŠ¤µ¨´¥ ªµÂ¨³‹°Â­—ŠŸ¨
­¶®¦´‡œ ´
ž»i¤„—šµŠ—oµœ ªµ °Š¡ªŠ¤µ¨´¥ ªµ­µ¤µ¦™ÄoĜ„µ¦‹´—
„µ¦¢{Š„r´Éœ¦³œ¶šµŠ—oª¥ÂŸœš¸ÉµŠ¢{Š„r´ÉœÁnœ
7DNHPHKRPH¨³&DQFHOJXLGDQFHŗo™oµ¤¸
``
‡¶œ¶
__ °o ‡ªµ¤Â­—Š ¹Êœœ‹°Â­—ŠŸ¨­¶®¦´‡œ ´‹³˜o°Š
¥ºœ¥´œ„µ¦¦´š¦µ„n°œÁ¤œ¼‹¹Š‹³Â­—Š ¹Êœ
‹°Â­—ŠŸ¨œ„¦³‹„®œoµ
಴
¦³œ¶šµŠ—oª¥ÂŸœš¸É œ„¦³‹„®œoµ
„µ¦Ážd—žd—Á¤œ¼Á¤œ¼‹³žd—¨ŠÃ—¥°´˜Ãœ¤´˜·®¨´Š‹µ„
š¸ÉŤn¤¸„µ¦ÄoŠµœÁ¤œ¼Áž}œnªŠ¦³¥³Áª¨µ®œ¹ÉŠ®¦º°
ץčo˜´ªÁ¨º°„µŠ˜´ªÁ¨º°„
„µ¦Åž¥´ŠÁ¤œ¼˜nµŠÇ
„µ¦Åž¥´Š˜´ªÁ¨º°„Á¤œ¼˜nµŠÇ
¥ºœ¥´œ®¦º°Áœoœ˜´ªÁ¨º°„Ä—˜´ªÁ¨º°„®œ¹ÉŠ
‡œ ´¥´Š­µ¤µ¦™¦´„µ¦Âœ³œ¶Á­oœšµŠÂ¨³ o°¤¼¨‹µ„
¦³œ¶šµŠœ‹°Â­—ŠŸ¨œ„¦³‹„®œoµš¸—É oµœ¨nµŠ
°Š„¦³‹„®œoµÅ—o°¸„—oª¥
o°¤¼¨š¸ÉÁ„¸É¥ª o°Š
„µ¦¦³»‹»—®¤µ¥ž¨µ¥šµŠÃ—¥Äo„µ¦‡oœ®µ—oª¥
o°‡ªµ¤Â°·­¦³ œ
಴
„µ¦¦´¦¼o‡¶­´ÉŠÁ­¸¥ŠÂ¨³¦³œ¶šµŠ—oª¥ÂŸœš¸É
œ
಴
„µ¦‹—‹¶Á­¸¥Š œ
಴
„µ¦Äo„µ¦¦´¦¼o‡¶­´ÉŠÁ­¸¥Š œ
಴
„µ¦˜´ÊŠ‡nµ­¶®¦´„µ¦¦´¦¼o‡¶­´ÉŠÁ­¸¥Š œ
಴
„µ¦­´ÉŠŠµœ„µ¦¥„Á¨·„„µ¦š¶Šµœ„µ¦Â­—ŠÂŸœš¸É
œ‹°Â­—ŠŸ¨­¶®¦´‡œ ´ œ
šnµœ­µ¤µ¦™žd—„µ¦Â­—Š o°¤¼¨„µ¦œ¶šµŠÂ¨³ž¦´
˜¶Â®œnŠ °Š„¦° o°¤¼¨„µ¦œ¶šµŠÅ—o
„µ¦¦´¦¼oÁ­¸¥Š
¢{Š„r´Éœ®¨µ¥¢{Š„r´Éœ­µ¤µ¦™­´ÉŠŠµœÃ—¥Äo‡¶­´ÉŠÁ­¸¥ŠÅ—o
„—ž»i¤œ¡ªŠ¤µ¨´¥¦°­´µ–
¨oª¡¼—Ánœv'ULYH+RPHw
°°ž´Éœ¡·Á«¬°»ž„¦–rÁ­¦·¤
‡¶œ¶
„µ¦ÄoŠµœš´ÉªÅž °Š¦³œ¶šµŠ—oª¥ÂŸœš¸É
‡oœ®µ­´¨´„¬–r °Š¦™œÂŸœš¸É
š·«šµŠ„µ¦ ´ ¸É®¦º°š·«Á®œº°®´œ ¹ÊœœÂŸœš¸É
„—š¸ÉÁ Ȥš·«Á¡ºÉ°Áž¨¸É¥œ¨´„¬–³„µ¦Á‡¨ºÉ°œš¸É °Š­´¨´„¬–r
°Š¦™œÂŸœš¸É
„µ¦ÄoŠµœÃ—¥š´ÉªÅž °Š¦³œ¶šµŠ—oª¥ÂŸœš¸É
‹³°›·µ¥Åªo—oµœ¨nµŠœ¸Ê
಴
Œ´œ°¥¼nš¸ÉÅ®œ"
಴
‡oœ®µ­´¨´„¬–r °Š¦™œÂŸœš¸É
಴
š·«šµŠ„µ¦ ´ ¸É®¦º°š·«Á®œº°®´œ ¹ÊœœÂŸœš¸É
಴
„µ¦Â­—ŠŸ¨¤·˜·®¦º°¤·˜·
಴
£µ¡ ¥µ¥
಴
Á¨ºÉ°œ
„—š¸É­´¨´„¬–rÁžjµ„µ„µš
಴
„µ¦Áž¨¸É¥œ„µ¦Â­—Š®´ªÁ¦ºÉ°Š
಴
°°„‹µ„Á¤œ¼
µŠ‡¦´ÊŠ®¨´Š‹µ„š¸Éš¶„µ¦ ¥µ¥Â¨³¥n°Â¨³Á¨ºÉ°œÅž¤µ
œÂŸœš¸É¨oªšnµœ°µ‹¡ªnµÅ¤n­µ¤µ¦™®µ˜¶Â®œnŠ °Š
¦™œÂŸœš¸Éŗoœ¸É‡º°ª·›¸š¸ÉŠnµ¥š¸É­»—Äœ„µ¦®µ˜¶Â®œnŠ °Š
¦™
Œ´œ°¥¼nš¸ÉÅ®œ"
˜¶Â®œnŠšµŠ£¼¤·«µ­˜¦rėš¸É¦™ÄoŠµœ°¥¼nĜ –³œ¸"Ê
಴
„—š¸É­´¨´„¬–r °Š¦™œÂŸœš¸É ­µ¤Á®¨¸É¥¤­¸
œÊ¶ÁŠ·œ o°¤¼¨‹³Â­—Š ¹ÊœœÂŸœš¸É
಴
‡œ ´­µ¤µ¦™Á¨º°„„µ¦Â­—Š¨´„¬–³„µ¦Á‡¨ºÉ°œš¸É °Š
¦™Ã—¥Áš¸¥„´ÂŸœš¸Éŗo­°ŠÂ
಴
Ÿœš¸É‹³Â­—ŠÃ—¥š·«Á®œº°®´œ ¹Êœ—oµœœ °Š‹°
­—ŠŸ¨­nªœ„¨µŠÁ­¤°z­´¨´„¬–r °Š¦™‹³
Á‡¨ºÉ°œš¸Éޘµ¤š·«šµŠÁ Ȥš·«‹¦·ŠœÂŸœš¸É™oµ
­´¨´„¬–r °Š¦™Á¨ºÉ°œÅžšµŠŽoµ¥œÂŸœš¸Éœ´Éœ
®¤µ¥™¹Š¦™„¶¨´ŠÁ‡¨ºÉ°œš¸ÉŞšµŠš·«˜³ª´œ˜„
಴
­´¨´„¬–r °Š¦™‹³¸ÊŞšµŠ—oµœœ °Š‹°Â­—Š
Ÿ¨­nªœ„¨µŠÁ­¤°ÂŸœš¸É‹³®¤»œÄ˜o­´¨´„¬–r
°Š¦™˜µ¤š·«šµŠ„µ¦Á¨¸Ê¥ª¦™Á Ȥš·«‹³¸ÊŞšµŠ
š·«Á®œº° 1 œÂŸœš¸É¨³š¸É˜¦Š„¨µŠ °ŠÁ Ȥš·«
„—š¸É­´¨´„¬–rÁžjµ„µ„µšÂŸœš¸É‹³¦¸ÁŽÈ˜Â¨³
Á¨ºÉ°œ˜µ¤­´¨´„¬–r °Š¦™
``
‡¶œ¶
__
‹³Â­—Šš·«šµŠš¸É¦™„¶¨´Š¤»nŠ®œoµÅž Ĝ„¦–¸œ¸Ê
1( š·«˜³ª´œ°°„ÁŒ¸¥ŠÁ®œº°
­´¨´„¬–r
Á Ȥš·«
š·«šµŠ °ŠÁ Ȥš·«
1
1RUWK š·«Á®œº°
1(
1RUWK(DVW š·«˜³ª´œ°°„ÁŒ¸¥Š
Á®œº°
(
(DVW š·«˜³ª´œ°°„
6(
6RXWK(DVW š·«˜³ª´œ°°„ÁŒ¸¥Š
Ęo
6
6RXWK š·«Ä˜o
6:
6RXWK:HVW š·«˜³ª´œ˜„ÁŒ¸¥ŠÄ˜o
:
:HVW š·«˜³ª´œ˜„
1:
1RUWK:HVW š·«˜³ª´œ˜„ÁŒ¸¥Š
®œº°
„µ¦Â­—ŠŸ¨¤·˜·®¦º°¤·˜·
£µ¡ ¥µ¥
¥µ¥
„µ¦ ¥µ¥ÂŸœš¸ÄÉ ®oÄ®n ¹Êœš¶Å—o—´Šœ¸Ê
˜³‹°Â­—ŠŸ¨­nªœ„¨µŠ—oª¥œ·Êª
®œ¹ÉŠœ·Êª°¥nµŠ¦ª—Á¦Èª­°Š‡¦´ÊŠ
®¦º°
„—š¸É''Á¡ºÉ°Áž¨¸É¥œ¦³®ªnµŠ„µ¦Â­—ŠŸ¨Â¤·˜·®¦º°
¤·˜·
Ĝ„µ¦Â­—ŠŸ¨Â'¦™‹³¤»nŠ®œoµÅžšµŠ—oµœœ °Š
‹°Â­—ŠŸ¨­nªœ„¨µŠÁ­¤°ÂŸœš¸É‹³®¤»œ¦°­´¨´„¬–r
°Š¦™˜µ¤š·«šµŠ„µ¦Á¨¸Ê¥ª¦™
Á Ȥš·«‹³¸ÊŞšµŠš·«Á®œº° 1 œÂŸœš¸É¨³š¸É˜¦Š
„¨µŠ °ŠÁ Ȥš·«‹³Â­—Šš·«šµŠš¸É¦™„¶¨´Š¤»nŠ®œoµÅž
°´˜¦µ­nªœ °ŠÂŸœš¸É‹³Å¤n­—Š ¹ÊœÄœÃ®¤—'
„µ¦Â­—ŠŸ¨'ŗo°›·µ¥ÅªoĜ®´ª o°š·«šµŠ„µ¦ ´ ¸É
®¦º°š·«Á®œº°®´œ ¹ÊœœÂŸœš¸É„n°œ®œoµœ¸Ê
˜³‹³Â­—ŠŸ¨­nªœ„¨µŠ—oª¥œ·Êª
­°Šœ·Êªš¸É°¥¼n·—„´œÂ¨oª™nµŠœ·Êª°°„
‹µ„„´œ
‡¶œ¶
¥n°
„µ¦¥n°ÂŸœš¸ÉÄ®oÁ¨È„¨Šš¶Å—o—´Šœ¸Ê
„µ¦Áž¨¸É¥œ„µ¦Â­—Š®´ªÁ¦ºÉ°Š
„µ¦®µª·›¸„¨´Åž¥´Š¤»¤¤°ŠÂŸœš¸É
˜³‹°Â­—ŠŸ¨­nªœ„¨µŠ®œ¹ÉŠ‡¦´ÊŠ
—oª¥œ·Êª­°Šœ·Êªš¸É°¥¼n®nµŠ„´œ
®¦º°
˜³‹°Â­—ŠŸ¨­nªœ„¨µŠ—oª¥œ·Êª
­°Šœ·Êªš¸É°¥¼n®nµŠ„´œÂ¨oª¨µ„œ·Êªš´ÊŠ
­°ŠÁ oµ®µ„´œ
Á¨ºÉ°œ
„—š¸Éœ¸ÉÁ¡ºÉ°Áž¨¸É¥œ®´ªÁ¦ºÉ°Š °ŠÂŸœš¸É
ž»i¤+RPH ®œoµ®¨´„
Á¨º°„¦³®ªnµŠ„µ¦Â­—Š­·ÉŠ˜n°Åžœ¸ÊÁž}œ®´ªÁ¦ºÉ°Šœ
Ÿœš¸É
™Á¤œ¼1DYLJDWLRQ „µ¦œ¶šµŠ
಴
ªµŠœ·Êª®œ¹ÉŠœ·ÊªÅªoœÂŸœš¸É ¨µ„œ·Êª
ŞĜš·«šµŠš¸É˜o°Š„µ¦Â¨oª¥„œ·Êª
¹Êœ
¢{Š„r´œÁ¨ºÉ°œ®œoµ‹°‹³ÄoŠµœÅ—o
Á¤ºÉ°ÂŸœš¸É°¥¼nĜĮn­»—
Ášnµœ´Êœ‹³ÄoŤnŗoÁ¤ºÉ°ÂŸœš¸É°¥¼nĜ œµ—Á¨È„­»—
°o ¤¼¨‹»—®¤µ¥ž¨µ¥šµŠ 'HVWLQDWLRQ ¨³Áª¨µ
™¹Š‹»—®¤µ¥ž¨µ¥šµŠ (7$ ®¦º°Áª¨µš¸ÉÁ®¨º°„n°œ
™¹Š‹»—®¤µ¥ž¨µ¥šµŠ 57$ Ĝ„µ¦Á¨º°„(7$
®¦º°57$Þ¦——¼Äœ­nªœ„µ¦˜´ÊŠ‡nµÁ­oœšµŠ
®¦º°
಴
„µ¦„¶®œ—˜¶Â®œnŠž{‹‹»´œ 3RVLWLRQ ¨³¦³¥³
šµŠ‹œ™¹Š‹»—®¤µ¥ž¨µ¥šµŠ 'LVW
™oµ‡œ ´°¥¼nĜ¢{Š„r´œ„µ¦š¶Šµœ°ºÉœÄœ­nªœ°ºÉœ °Š
¦³Â¨³˜o°Š„µ¦„¨´Åž¥´Š¤»¤¤°ŠÂŸœš¸É°¥nµŠ¦ª—Á¦Èª
­µ¤µ¦™Äoª·›¸œ¸Êŗo
„—ž»i¤ ®œoµ®¨´„ œ‹°Â­—ŠŸ¨­nªœ„¨µŠ
™oµ‹°Â­—ŠŸ¨­nªœ„¨µŠÂ­—Š¤»¤¤°Š®œoµ‹°®¨´„
+RPH šœš¸É‹³Áž}œ¤»¤¤°ŠÂŸœš¸É˜³š¸É™
Á¤œ¼š¸É°¥¼nœ­»—1DYLJDWLRQ „µ¦Áž¨¸É¥œ®´ªÁ¦ºÉ°Š‹³ÄoŠµœÅ—oÁ¤ºÉ°ÂŸœš¸É°¥¼nĜ
Ä®n­»—Ášnµœ´Êœ‹³ÄoŤnŗoÁ¤ºÉ°ÂŸœš¸É°¥¼nĜ œµ—Á¨È„­»—
``
‡¶œ¶
__ o°¤¼¨š¸ÉÁ„¸É¥ª o°Š
಴ „µ¦­´ÉŠŠµœ„µ¦¥„Á¨·„„µ¦š¶Šµœ„µ¦Â­—ŠÂŸœš¸É
œ‹°Â­—ŠŸ¨­¶®¦´‡œ ´ œ
಴
6HQVXV1DYLJDWLRQ„µ¦˜´ÊŠ‡nµ œ
಴
„µ¦˜´ÊŠ‡nµÁ­oœšµŠ œ
„µ¦ ¦´ ¦¼o Á­¸ ¥Š
„µ¦¦´¦¼oÁ­¸¥Š
„µ¦°´¡Á—˜¦³
¦³¦´¦¼o‡¶­´ÉŠÁ­¸¥Š‹³¤¸„µ¦¡´•œµ°¥nµŠ˜n°ÁœºÉ°Š—µªœr
„µ¦°´¡Á—˜Á¡ºÉ°ž¦³­·š›·£µ¡š¸É—¸š¸É­»—Þ¦——¼š¸É
VXSSRUWYROYRFDUVFRP
„µ¦‹—‹¶Á­¸¥Š
¦³¦´¦¼o‡¶­´ÉŠÁ­¸¥Šš¶Ä®o‡œ ´­µ¤µ¦™Äo„µ¦¦´
¦¼o‡¶­´ÉŠÁ­¸¥ŠÄœ„µ¦‡ª‡»¤¢{Š„r´œ„µ¦š¶ŠµœµŠ
°¥nµŠÄœÁ‡¦ºÉ°ŠÁ¨nœ­ºÉ° o°¤¼¨Ãš¦«´¡šršÁ¸É ºÉ°¤˜n°
Ÿnµœ%OXHWRRWK¦³‡ª‡»¤­£µ¡°µ„µ«Â¨³
¦³œ¶šµŠ °Šª°¨Ãªn ŗo
‡¶­´ÉŠÁ­¸¥Šnª¥Ä®o¤¸‡ªµ¤­³—ª„­µ¥¤µ„ ¹ÊœÂ¨³nª¥
®¨¸„Á¨¸É¥Š„µ¦¦„ªœ­¤µ›· °Š‡œ ´Ž¹ÉŠš¶Ä®o‡œ ´‹—
‹n°°¥¼n„´„µ¦ ´ ¸É¨³Ä®o‡ªµ¤­œÄ‹„´­£µ¡™œœÂ¨³
„µ¦‹¦µ‹¦Å—o°¥nµŠÁ˜È¤š¸É
‡¶Á˜º°œ
Ÿ¼o ´˜o°Š¦´Ÿ·—°š»„°¥nµŠÄœ –³ ´¦™Á¡ºÉ°Ä®o¤¸
‡ªµ¤ž¨°—£´¥Â¨³ž’·´˜·˜µ¤„‘‹¦µ‹¦°¥¼nÁ­¤°
಴
ŤÇ¦Ã¢œ °Š¦³‡ª‡»¤—oª¥Á­¸¥Š
o°¤¼¨š¸ÉÁ„¸É¥ª o°Š
„µ¦Äo„µ¦¦´¦¼o‡¶­´ÉŠÁ­¸¥Š œ
಴
„µ¦¦´¦¼o‡¶­´ÉŠÁ­¸¥ŠÂ¨³¦³œ¶šµŠ—oª¥ÂŸœš¸É
œ
಴
„µ¦˜´ÊŠ‡nµ­¶®¦´„µ¦¦´¦¼o‡¶­´ÉŠÁ­¸¥Š œ
„µ¦‡ª‡»¤—oª¥‡¶­´ÉŠÁ­¸¥Š‹³°¥¼nĜ¦¼žÂ °Š„µ¦
­œšœµÃ—¥°µ«´¥‡¶­´ÉŠÁ­¸¥Š‹µ„Ÿ¼očo¨³Á­¸¥Š˜°‹µ„
¦³¦³¦´¦¼o‡¶­´ÉŠÁ­¸¥ŠÄoŤÇ¦Ã¢œ˜´ªÁ—¸¥ª„´œ„´
¦³Â±œ—r¢¦¸%OXHWRRWK¨³¦³¦´¦¼o‡¶­´ÉŠÁ­¸¥Š‹³
˜°¦´Ã—¥ŸnµœšµŠ¨¶Ã¡Š °Š¦™ÄœµŠ„¦–¸‹³¤¸
o°‡ªµ¤Â­—Š ¹Êœœ‹°Â­—ŠŸ¨­¶®¦´‡œ ´—oª¥„µ¦
‡ª‡»¤¢{Š„r´œÁ®¨nµœ¸Êš¶Å—oץčožjœ„—šµŠ—oµœ ªµ
°Š¡ªŠ¤µ¨´¥­nªœ„µ¦˜´ÊŠ‡nµ‹³š¶ŸnµœšµŠ‹°Â­—ŠŸ¨
­nªœ„¨µŠ
čo„´µŠ˜¨µ—
°°ž´Éœ¡·Á«¬°»ž„¦–rÁ­¦·¤
„µ¦¦´¦¼oÁ­¸¥Š
„µ¦Äo„µ¦¦´¦¼o‡¶­´ÉŠÁ­¸¥Š
‡¶Âœ³œ¶¡ºÊœ“µœ­¶®¦´„µ¦Äo„µ¦‡ª‡»¤—oª¥
„µ¦¦´¦¼o‡¶­´ÉŠÁ­¸¥Š
„—ž»i¤œ¡ªŠ¤µ¨´¥­¶®¦´„µ¦¦´¦¼o
‡¶­´ÉŠÁ­¸¥Š Á¡ºÉ°Ážd—čoŠµœ
¦³Â¨³Á¦·É¤˜oœ„µ¦˜°Ã˜o—oª¥‡¶
­´ÉŠÁ­¸¥Š
Þ¦—¦³¨¹„™¹Š­·ÉŠ˜n°Åžœ¸Ê°¥¼nÁ­¤°Äœ¦³®ªnµŠ„µ¦Ã˜o˜°
಴
­¶®¦´‡¶­´ÉŠ¡¼—®¨´Š‹µ„Á­¸¥ŠÃšœÃ—¥ÄoÁ­¸¥Š
¨³‹´Š®ª³¡¼—˜µ¤ž„˜·
಴
®oµ¤¡¼—Äœ –³š¸É¦³˜°„¨´ ¦³‹³Å¤nÁ oµÄ‹
‡¶­´ÉŠš¸Éšnµœ¡¼—Äœ¦³®ªnµŠœ¸Ê
಴
žj°Š„´œÅ¤nÄ®o¤¸Á­¸¥Š¦„ªœ£µ¥Äœ®o°ŠÃ—¥­µ¦Ã—¥
„µ¦žd—ž¦³˜¼„¦³‹„¨³Ž´œ¦¼¢
„µ¦¥„Á¨·„„µ¦š¶Šµœ °Š„µ¦¦´¦¼o‡¶­´ÉŠÁ­¸¥Š­µ¤µ¦™š¶
ŗo—´Š˜n°Åžœ¸Ê
಴
×¥„µ¦¡¼—&DQFHO
಴
×¥„µ¦„—ž»i¤„µ¦¦´¦¼o‡¶­´ÉŠÁ­¸¥Šœ¡ªŠ¤µ¨´¥‡oµŠ
Ūo
čo„´µŠ˜¨µ—
Ĝ„µ¦š¶Ä®o„µ¦Ã˜o˜°¦ª—Á¦Èª¥·ÉŠ ¹ÊœÂ¨³ oµ¤„µ¦Â‹oŠ
°Š¦³Ä®o„—ž»i¤­¶®¦´„µ¦¦´¦¼o‡¶­´ÉŠÁ­¸¥Š œ
¡ªŠ¤µ¨´¥Äœ –³š¸ÁÉ ­¸¥Š °Š¦³„¶¨´Š¡¼—°¥¼n¨oª¡¼—
‡¶­´ÉŠ™´—Åž
˜´ª°¥nµŠ °Š„µ¦‡ª‡»¤—oª¥„µ¦¦´¦¼o‡¶­´ÉŠÁ­¸¥Š
˜³š¸É ¨oª¡¼—ªnµv&DOO>)RUHQDPH@ ºÉ°Â¦„
>6XUQDPH@ ºÉ°­„»¨ >QXPEHUFDWHJRU\@ ®¤ª—
®¤µ¥Á¨ zÚ¦®µŸ¼o˜·—˜n°š¸ÉÁ¨º°„‹µ„­¤»—Ú¦«´¡šr
™oµŸ¼o˜·—˜n°¤¸®¤µ¥Á¨ Ú¦«´¡šr¤µ„„ªnµ®œ¹ÉŠ®¤µ¥Á¨
ÁnœoµœÃš¦«´¡šr¤º°™º°š¸Éš¶Šµœ Ánœ
‡¶­´ÉŠ­¶®¦´¢{Š„r´œÂ˜n¨³¢{Š„r´œ‹³°›·µ¥ÅªoĜ­nªœš¸É
Á„¸É¥ª o°ŠÁnœ„µ¦‡ª‡»¤—oª¥„µ¦¦´¦¼o‡¶­´ÉŠÁ­¸¥Š °Š
Ú¦«´¡šrÁž}œ˜oœ
˜´ªÁ¨
‡¶­´ÉŠ˜´ªÁ¨ ‹³¦³»Â˜„˜nµŠ„´œ ¹Êœ°¥¼n„´¢{Š„r´œš¸É‹³
‡ª‡»¤
಴
šnµœ˜o°Š¡¼—®¤µ¥Á¨ Ú¦«´¡šr¨³¦®´­
ަ¬–¸¥rÂ¥„„´œš¸¨³®¤µ¥Á¨ Ánœ«¼œ¥r­µ¤
®œ¹ÉŠ­°Š­°Š­¸É­¸É­µ¤ ಴
šnµœ­µ¤µ¦™¡¼—®¤µ¥Á¨ oµœÂ¥„„´œ®¦º°Áž}œ
„¨»n¤Å—oÁnœ­°Š­°Š®¦º°¥¸É­·­°Š ­¶®¦´
£µ¬µ°´Š„§¬Â¨³£µ¬µ—´˜ršnµœ­µ¤µ¦™­µ¤µ¦™
¡¼—„¨»n¤˜´ªÁ¨ ˜nµŠÇŗoÁž}œ¨¶—´Ánœ¥¸É­·­°Š
¥¸É­·­°Š ­¶®¦´£µ¬µ°´Š„§¬šnµœ
­µ¤µ¦™ÄoÁ¨ Á·Ê¨®¦º°Á¨ ˜°ŠÅ—oÁnœÁ·Ê¨«¼œ¥r
®¤µ¥Á¨ ­µ¤µ¦™žj°œÅ—oĜnªŠ
಴
šnµœ­µ¤µ¦™¡¼—‡ªµ¤™¸ÉĜ¦¼žÂÁ„oµ­·Âž—‹»—
ž— ®œ¹ÉŠ¦o°¥Â¨³­¸É‹»—­°Š®¦º°¦o°¥­¸É‹»—
­°Š ŗo
„— ¨oª¡¼—ªnµ&DOO5RELQ 杷œ 6PLWK ­¤·›
0RELOH Ú¦«´¡šr¤º°™º° ‡¶­´ÉŠª¨¸
šnµœ­µ¤µ¦™Äo‡¶­´ÉŠ˜n°Åžœ¸Êŗo˜¨°—Áª¨µ
಴
5HSHDW¡¼—‡¶Âœ³œ¶¨nµ­»—Äœ„µ¦Ã˜o˜°š¸É
„¶¨´Š—¶Áœ·œ°¥¼nŽÊ¶°¸„‡¦´ÊŠ
಴
&DQFHO®¥»—„µ¦Ã˜o˜°
಴
+HOSÁ¦·É¤„µ¦Ã˜o˜°Á„¸É¥ª„´ª·›¸Äo¦³‹³˜°
—oª¥‡¶­´ÉŠš¸É­µ¤µ¦™ÄoŠµœÅ—oĜ­™µœ„µ¦–rĜ
–³œ´Êœ‡¶ °®¦º°˜´ª°¥nµŠ
``
„µ¦¦´¦¼oÁ­¸¥Š
__ o°¤¼¨š¸ÉÁ„¸É¥ª o°Š
಴ „µ¦‹—‹¶Á­¸¥Š œ
಴ „µ¦˜´ÊŠ‡nµ­¶®¦´„µ¦¦´¦¼o‡¶­´ÉŠÁ­¸¥Š œ
„µ¦¦´¦¼o‡¶­´ÉŠÁ­¸¥ŠÂ¨³¦³œ¶šµŠ—oª¥ÂŸœš¸É ಴
‡¶­´ÉŠ­¶®¦´„µ¦‡ª‡»¤—oª¥Á­¸¥Š °Š¦³œ¶šµŠ
Ánœ˜´ÊŠ‹»—®¤µ¥ž¨µ¥šµŠ®¦º°®¥»—„µ¦Âœ³œ¶
Á­oœšµŠ´Éª‡¦µª
*RWR>3RVWFRGH@ ¦®´­Åž¦¬–¸¥r ¦³»¦®´­
ަ¬–¸¥rÁž}œ‹»—®¤µ¥ž¨µ¥šµŠ˜´ª°¥nµŠÁnœ
'ULYHWR ´Åžš¸É
಴
*RWR>FRQWDFW@ Ÿ¼o˜·—˜n° ¦³»Ÿ¼o˜·—˜n°‹µ„
­¤»—Ú¦«´¡šrÁž}œ‹»—®¤µ¥ž¨µ¥šµŠ˜´ª°¥nµŠÁnœ
'ULYHWR5RE\Q6PLWK ´Åž®µÃ¦·œ­¤·›
಴
6HDUFK>32,FDWHJRU\@ ®¤ª—®¤¼n32, ‡oœ®µ­™µœš¸Éœnµ­œÄ‹ 32, ®nŠ™´—ŞĜ®¤ª—Ä—
®¤ª—®œ¹ÉŠ Ánœ¦oµœ°µ®µ¦ Ĝ„µ¦‹´—Á¦¸¥Š¦µ¥
„µ¦˜µ¤Á­oœšµŠ¡¼—ªnµ$ORQJWKHURXWH Ĝ
Á­oœšµŠ Á¤ºÉ°¦µ¥„µ¦Ÿ¨„µ¦‡oœ®µÂ­—Š ¹Êœ
಴
6HDUFK>32,FDWHJRU\@ ®¤ª—®¤¼n32, LQ
>&LW\@ Á¤º°Š ‡oœ®µ­™µœš¸Éœnµ­œÄ‹ 32,
£µ¥Äœ®¤ª—Ä—®¤ª—®œ¹ÉŠÂ¨³ÄœÁ¤º°ŠÄ—Á¤º°Š®œ¹ÉŠ
¦µ¥„µ¦Ÿ¨„µ¦‡oœ®µ‹³‹´—Á¦¸¥Š˜µ¤‹»—«¼œ¥r„¨µŠÁ¤º°Š
˜´ª°¥nµŠÁnœ6HDUFKIRUUHVWDXUDQWLQ/RQGRQ
‡oœ®µ¦oµœ°µ®µ¦Äœ¨°œ—°œ
಴
6HDUFK>32,QDPH@ ºÉ°32, ˜´ª°¥nµŠÁnœ
6HDUFK+\GH3DUN ‡oœ®µÅ±—ržµ¦r‡
˜³š¸É
಴
v1DYLJDWLRQwÁ¦·É¤„µ¦Ã˜o˜°„´¦³œ¶šµŠÂ¨³
­—Š˜´ª°¥nµŠ °Š‡¶­´ÉŠ
಴
7DNHPHKRPH„µ¦Ä®o‡¶Âœ³œ¶Á­oœšµŠÅž¥´Š
˜¶Â®œnŠ+RPH
಴
*RWR>&LW\@ Á¤º°Š ¦³»Á¤º°ŠÁž}œ‹»—®¤µ¥
ž¨µ¥šµŠ˜´ª°¥nµŠÁnœ'ULYHWR/RQGRQ ´Åž
¨°œ—°œ
಴
*RWR>$GGUHVV@ š¸É°¥¼n ¦³»š¸É°¥¼Án ž}œ‹»—®¤µ¥
ž¨µ¥šµŠš¸É°¥¼n‹³˜o°Š¤¸Á¤º°ŠÂ¨³™œœ˜´ª°¥nµŠÁnœ
'ULYHWR.LQJ6WUHHW ´Åžš¸ÉÁ¨ š¸É™œœ‡·Š
಴
$GGLQWHUVHFWLRQÁ¦·É¤„µ¦Ã˜o˜°š¸É‹¶Áž}œ˜o°Š
¦³»™œœ­°Š­µ¥‹»—˜´— °Š™œœš¸É¦³»‹³„¨µ¥
Áž}œ‹»—®¤µ¥ž¨µ¥šµŠ
čo„´µŠ˜¨µ—
Ÿ¼očo¤¸˜´ªÁ¨º°„Äœ„µ¦Ãš¦®µ32,®¦º°¦³»Ä®oÁž}œ‹»—®¤µ¥ž¨µ¥šµŠÅ—o
¨oª¡¼—‡¶­´ÉŠÄ—‡¶­´ÉŠ®œ¹ÉŠ˜n°Åžœ¸Ê
„µ¦¦´¦¼oÁ­¸¥Š
಴
&KDQJHFRXQWU\&KDQJHVWDWHÁž¨¸É¥œ
¡ºÊœš¸É„µ¦‡oœ®µ­¶®¦´¦³œ¶šµŠ
಴
6KRZIDYRXULWHV­—Š­™µœš¸ÉÞ¦—œ‹°
­—ŠŸ¨­¶®¦´‡œ ´
಴
&OHDULWLQHUDU\¨‹»—®¤µ¥ž¨µ¥šµŠ¥n°¥
¦³®ªnµŠšµŠÂ¨³‹»—®¤µ¥ž¨µ¥šµŠ­»—šoµ¥š´ÊŠ®¤—
š¸É´œš¹„ŪoĜ„¶®œ—„µ¦Á—·œšµŠ
಴
„µ¦˜´ÊŠ‡nµ­¶®¦´„µ¦¦´¦¼o‡¶­´ÉŠÁ­¸¥Š œ
„µ¦˜´ÊŠ‡nµ­¶®¦´„µ¦¦´¦¼o‡¶­´ÉŠÁ­¸¥Š
šnµœ­µ¤µ¦™˜´ÊŠ‡nµ­¶®¦´¦³„µ¦¦´¦¼o‡¶­´ÉŠÁ­¸¥Š
ŗo®¨µ¥‡nµ—oª¥„´œ
„—6HWWLQJVĜ¤»¤¤°Š¦³—´œ­»—
„—6\VWHP
9RLFH&RQWURO¨oªÁ¨º°„„µ¦˜´ÊŠ‡nµ
಴ 5HSHDW0RGH
಴ *HQGHU
಴
5HSHDWYRLFHJXLGDQFH¡¼—Á­¸¥ŠÂœ³œ¶Á­oœ
šµŠ¨nµ­»—ŽÊ¶°¸„‡¦´ÊŠ
಴
7XUQRIIYRLFHJXLGDQFHžd—Á­¸¥ŠÂœ³œ¶Á­oœ
šµŠ
„µ¦˜´ÊŠ‡nµÁ‡¦ºÉ°ŠÁ­¸¥Š
„—6HWWLQJVĜ¤»¤¤°Š¦³—´œ­»—
಴
7XUQRQYRLFHJXLGDQFHÁžd—Á­¸¥ŠÂœ³œ¶Á­oœ
šµŠ
„—6RXQG 6\VWHP9ROXPHV
&RQWURO¨oªÁ¨º°„„µ¦˜´ÊŠ‡nµ
಴ 6SHHFK5DWH
9RLFH
o°¤¼¨š¸ÉÁ„¸É¥ª o°Š
಴ ‹°Â­—ŠŸ¨Â¨³ž»i¤‡ª‡»¤„µ¦š¶Šµœ­¶®¦´¦³
œ¶šµŠ—oª¥ÂŸœš¸É œ
಴
„µ¦‹—‹¶Á­¸¥Š œ
಴
„µ¦Äo„µ¦¦´¦¼o‡¶­´ÉŠÁ­¸¥Š œ
Ĝž¦³Áš«¥»Ã¦ž‹³Äo‡¶ªnµv&RXQWU\w ž¦³Áš« šœ‡¶ªnµv6WDWHw ¦´“
­¶®¦´ž¦³Áš«¦µŽ·¨Â¨³°·œÁ—¸¥„µ¦Áž¨¸É¥œ¡ºÊœš¸‡
É oœ®µš¶Å—oץčo‹°Â­—ŠŸ¨­nªœ„¨µŠ
``
„µ¦¦´¦¼oÁ­¸¥Š
__
Áž¨¸É¥œ£µ¬µ
„µ¦‹—‹¶Á­¸¥ŠÅ¤nŗo¤¸­¶®¦´š»„£µ¬µ£µ¬µš¸É¤¸„µ¦
‹—‹¶Á­¸¥Š‹³¤¸Å°‡°œ„¶„´ÅªoĜ¦µ¥„µ¦£µ¬µ
„µ¦Áž¨¸É¥œ£µ¬µ¥´Š¤¸Ÿ¨˜n°Á¤œ¼ o°‡ªµ¤Â¨³ o°‡ªµ¤
ª·›¸Äo°¸„—oª¥
„—6HWWLQJVĜ¤»¤¤°Š¦³—´œ­»—
„—6\VWHP
/DQJXDJH¨oªÁ¨º°„£µ¬µ
o°¤¼¨š¸ÉÁ„¸É¥ª o°Š
಴ „µ¦‹—‹¶Á­¸¥Š œ
಴
„µ¦Äo„µ¦¦´¦¼o‡¶­´ÉŠÁ­¸¥Š œ
಴
„µ¦¦´¦¼o‡¶­´ÉŠÁ­¸¥ŠÂ¨³¦³œ¶šµŠ—oª¥ÂŸœš¸É
œ
čo„´µŠ˜¨µ—
¦³» ‹» —®¤µ¥ž¨µ¥šµŠ
¦³»‹»—®¤µ¥ž¨µ¥šµŠ
o°¤¼¨š´ÉªÅžÁ„¸É¥ª„´„µ¦žj°œ‹»—®¤µ¥ž¨µ¥
šµŠ
„µ¦žj°œ‹»—®¤µ¥ž¨µ¥šµŠ­µ¤µ¦™š¶Å—o®¨µ¥ª·›¸
—oª¥„´œ
šnµœ­µ¤µ¦™žj°œ‹»—®¤µ¥ž¨µ¥šµŠÅ—oץčoª·›¸˜n°Åžœ¸Ê
®¨´Š‹µ„œ´Êœ­µ¤µ¦™Â„oÅ „¶®œ—„µ¦Á—·œšµŠ¡¦o°¤‹»—
®¤µ¥ž¨µ¥šµŠÂ¨³‹»—®¤µ¥ž¨µ¥šµŠ¥n°¥¦³®ªnµŠšµŠ
ŗoÞ¦——¼Äœ­nªœÂ„oÅ „¶®œ—„µ¦Á—·œšµŠÄœ„¶®œ—
„µ¦Á—·œšµŠÂ¨³Á­oœšµŠÁ¨º°„°ºÉœ
¦³»‹»—®¤µ¥ž¨µ¥šµŠœÂŸœš¸É×¥˜¦Š
„µ¦¦³»‹»—®¤µ¥ž¨µ¥šµŠ­µ¤µ¦™š¶Å—o®¨µ¥ª·›¸
ª·›¸„µ¦„¶®œ—ץčoœ·Êª¤º°œÂŸœš¸É„ÈÁž}œ®œ¹ÉŠÄœ
ª·›¸Á®¨nµœ´Êœ
Ĝ®¨µ¥„¦–¸ª·›¸š¸ÉŠnµ¥š¸É­»—„ȇº°„µ¦Á¨ºÉ°œÅž¥´Š˜¶Â®œnŠ
š¸É˜o°Š„µ¦Â¨oªÂ˜³—oª¥œ·Êª °Ššnµœ
಴
„—œÂŸœš¸É
಴
‡oœ®µ—oª¥ o°‡ªµ¤Â°·­¦³Â¨³¡·„´—Ÿœš¸É
o°¤¼¨š¸ÉÁ„¸É¥ª o°Š
಴ „¶®œ—„µ¦Á—·œšµŠÂ¨³Á­oœšµŠÁ¨º°„°ºÉœ œ
಴
‹»—®¤µ¥ž¨µ¥šµŠš¸ÉÁ¨º°„¨nµ­»—
಴
¦³»‹»—®¤µ¥ž¨µ¥šµŠœÂŸœš¸É×¥˜¦Š œ
಴
˜¶Â®œnŠš¸É¦³»Áž}œ¦µ¥„µ¦Ãž¦—‹µ„Ũ¦µ¦¸É
಴
಴
˜¶Â®œnŠš¸É´œš¹„ŪoĜŨ¦µ¦¸
„µ¦¦³»‹»—®¤µ¥ž¨µ¥šµŠÃ—¥Äo„µ¦‡oœ®µ—oª¥
o°‡ªµ¤Â°·­¦³ œ
಴
­™µœš¸Éœnµ­œÄ‹ 3RLQWRI,QWHUHVW32,
಴
‹µ„œ´Êœž’·´˜·—´Šœ¸Ê
಴
š¸É°¥¼n
„µ¦¦³»‹»—®¤µ¥ž¨µ¥šµŠ—oª¥¦µ¥„µ¦¨nµ­»—¦µ¥
„µ¦Ãž¦—Ũ¦µ¦¸ œ
಴
¦³»‹»—®¤µ¥ž¨µ¥šµŠ—oª¥­™µœš¸Éœnµ­œÄ‹ 3RLQW
RI,QWHUHVW32, œ
„—˜¶Â®œnŠ‡oµŠÅªoÅ°‡°œ‹³™¼„­¦oµŠ ¹ÊœÂ¨³Á¤œ¼
‹³Â­—Š ¹Êœ
಴
„µ¦¦³»‹»—®¤µ¥ž¨µ¥šµŠÃ—¥Äoš¸É°¥¼n œ
Á¨º°„˜´ªÁ¨º°„Ä—˜´ªÁ¨º°„®œ¹ÉŠŸnµœšµŠš·«šµŠÄ˜o®´ª o°
‹»—®¤µ¥ž¨µ¥šµŠÂ¨³‹»—®¤µ¥ž¨µ¥šµŠ¥n°¥¦³®ªnµŠ
šµŠÂ¨³ž’·´˜·˜µ¤‡¶Âœ³œ¶
‹»—®¤µ¥ž¨µ¥šµŠÂ¨³‹»—®¤µ¥ž¨µ¥šµŠ¥n°¥
¦³®ªnµŠšµŠ
˜¶Â®œnŠš¸É„¶®œ—˜¶Â®œnŠÂ¦„‹³Áž}œ‹»—®¤µ¥ž¨µ¥
šµŠ °Š„¶®œ—„µ¦Á—·œšµŠ
˜¶Â®œnŠ˜n°¤µ‹³Áž}œ‹»—®¤µ¥ž¨µ¥šµŠ¥n°¥
¦³®ªnµŠšµŠ °Š„¶®œ—„µ¦Á—·œšµŠ
„n°œ°ºÉœ˜o°Š˜¦ª‹­°ªnµ¤»¤¤°Š
Ÿœš¸É°¥¼nĜĮn­»—™oµ
­µ¤µ¦™¤°ŠÁ®Èœž»i¤Å—oœ®œoµ‹°
Ä®o„—ž»i¤Á¡ºÉ° ¥µ¥¤»¤¤°ŠÂŸœš¸ÉÄ®o
Ä®nš¸É­»—
Á¨ºÉ°œÂŸœš¸ÉŞ‹œ„ªnµ‹³¤°ŠÁ®Èœ˜¶Â®œnŠš¸É˜o°Š„µ¦
¦³»‹»—®¤µ¥ž¨µ¥šµŠ
„µ¦¦³»‹»—®¤µ¥ž¨µ¥šµŠÃ—¥Äo„µ¦‡oœ®µ
—oª¥ o°‡ªµ¤Â°·­¦³
„µ¦˜´ÊŠ‹»—®¤µ¥ž¨µ¥šµŠ­µ¤µ¦™š¶Å—o®¨µ¥Â
Ánœ„µ¦‡oœ®µ—oª¥ o°‡ªµ¤Â°·­¦³Áž}œ˜oœ„µ¦
‡oœ®µœ¸­Ê µ¤µ¦™š¶Å—oץčo®¤µ¥Á¨ Ú¦«´¡šr
¦®´­Åž¦¬–¸¥r™œœÁ¤º°Š¡·„´—¨³­™µœš¸Éœnµ
­œÄ‹ 3RLQWRI,QWHUHVW32,
Á¨º°„*RKHUH„µ¦Âœ³œ¶Á­oœšµŠÁ¦·É¤˜oœ ¹Êœ
¨Å°‡°œ
Ĝ„µ¦¨Å°‡°œ‹µ„˜¶Â®œnŠ
žjœ¡·¤¡rœ®œoµ‹°­µ¤µ¦™ÄoĜ„µ¦¡·¤¡r°´„ ¦³­nªœ
Ä®n¨³ÄoĜ„µ¦‡oœ®µ‹»—®¤µ¥ž¨µ¥šµŠÅ—o­¶®¦´
‡¶°›·µ¥Ãž¦——¼Äœ­nªœ„µ¦Äožjœ¡·¤¡rœ‹°Â­—Š
Ÿ¨­nªœ„¨µŠ
Á¨º°„'HOHWH
ž¦´˜¶Â®œnŠ °ŠÅ°‡°œ
Ĝ„µ¦ž¦´˜¶Â®œnŠ °ŠÅ°‡°œ
಴
˜³š¸ÉÅ°‡°œ‡oµŠÅªo¨oª¨µ„Åžš¸É˜¶Â®œnŠš¸É˜o°Š
„µ¦Â¨oª¥„œ·Êª ¹Êœ
಴
o°¤¼¨š¸ÉÁ„¸É¥ª o°Š
o°¤¼¨š´ÉªÅžÁ„¸É¥ª„´„µ¦žj°œ‹»—®¤µ¥ž¨µ¥šµŠ
œ
˜³š¸É6HWGHVWš¸É—oµœ¨nµŠ °Š®œoµ‹°
! £µ¡ÂŸœš¸É‹³Áž¨¸É¥œÅžÁž}œ„µ¦‡oœ®µÃ—¥Äo
š¸É°¥¼n
žj°œ‡¶‡oœ®µ
! Ÿ¨„µ¦‡oœ®µ‹³Â­—Š ¹ÊœÁ¤ºÉ°žj°œ°´„ ¦³Â˜n¨³
˜´ª
„—ž»i¤
``
¦³»‹»—®¤µ¥ž¨µ¥šµŠ
__ ™oµ„µ¦‡oœ®µÄ®oŸ¨¨´¡›rš¸É˜o°Š„µ¦Â˜³š¸ÉŸ¨
„µ¦‡oœ®µš¸É˜o°Š„µ¦Á¡ºÉ°Â­—Š´˜¦ o°¤¼¨Â¨oªÁ¨º°„
Á¡ºÉ°ÄoŸ¨„µ¦‡oœ®µ˜n°Åž
„µ¦žj°œ‹»— °ŠÁ Ȥš·«1(6¨³:­µ¤µ¦™š¶Å—o
®¨µ¥ª·›¸Ánœª·›¸˜n°Åžœ¸Ê
1( ¤¸Áªoœª¦¦‡
™oµ„µ¦‡oœ®µÄ®oŸ¨„µ¦‡oœ®µÁž}œ‹¶œªœ¤µ„
Á„·œÅžÂ˜³š¸É)LOWHUVHDUFK¨oªÁ¨º°„˜¶Â®œnŠ
Á¡ºÉ°‡oœ®µÄœ¦·Áª–Ä„¨oÁ‡¸¥Š‹µ„œ´ÊœÄ®oÁ¨º°„Á¡ºÉ°
čoŸ¨„µ¦‡oœ®µ˜n°Åž
1( Ťn¤¸Áªoœª¦¦‡
¡·„´—
œ°„‹µ„œ¸Ê¥´Š­µ¤µ¦™¦³»‹»—®¤µ¥ž¨µ¥šµŠÃ—¥Äo
¡·„´—œÂŸœš¸Éŗo—oª¥Ánœ„´œ
಴
¡·¤¡rÁnœv1(w¨oªÂ˜³
6HDUFK
„µ¦Â­—Š¦µ¥„µ¦Á®¨nµœ¸Ê
˜³š¸É6HWGHVWš¸É—oµœ¨nµŠ °Š
®œoµ‹°£µ¡ÂŸœš¸É‹³Áž¨¸É¥œÁž}œ
„µ¦‡oœ®µÃ—¥Äoš¸É°¥¼n
¤¸Á‡¦ºÉ°Š®¤µ¥ ¸—Ťn¤¸˜¶Â®œnŠ
Á Ȥš·«
಴ $URXQGGHVWLQDWLRQ
಴ $URXQGSRLQWRQPDS
„µ¦¦³»‹»—®¤µ¥ž¨µ¥šµŠ­µ¤µ¦™š¶Å—o®¨µ¥ª·›¸
ª·›¸„µ¦Á¨º°„‹µ„¦µ¥„µ¦„ÈÁž}œ®œ¹ÉŠÄœª·›¸Á®¨nµœ´Êœ
1( ¤¸˜¶Â®œnŠÁ Ȥš·«®¨´Š‹µ„
¡·„´—
಴ $URXQGFDU
಴ $ORQJURXWH
„µ¦¦³»‹»—®¤µ¥ž¨µ¥šµŠ—oª¥¦µ¥„µ¦¨nµ­»—
¦µ¥„µ¦Ãž¦—Ũ¦µ¦¸
™oµ˜o°Š„µ¦šnµœ­µ¤µ¦™ÄoÁ‡¦ºÉ°Š®¤µ¥‹»¨£µ‡>@šœ
‹»—>@ŗo
‹µ„œ´ÊœÄ®oÁ¨º°„¦µ¥„µ¦š¸É—oµœœ °Š®œoµ‹°¦µ¥„µ¦
ė¦µ¥„µ¦®œ¹ÉŠ˜n°Åžœ¸Ê
o°¤¼¨š¸ÉÁ„¸É¥ª o°Š
಴ o°¤¼¨š´ÉªÅžÁ„¸É¥ª„´„µ¦žj°œ‹»—®¤µ¥ž¨µ¥šµŠ
œ
಴
5HFHQW
಴
)DYRXULWHV
಴
/LEUDU\
಴
‹°Â­—ŠŸ¨Â¨³ž»i¤‡ª‡»¤„µ¦š¶Šµœ­¶®¦´¦³
œ¶šµŠ—oª¥ÂŸœš¸É œ
಴
„µ¦r— o°¤¼œÂŸœš¸É œ
®¨´Š‹µ„Å—oÁ¨º°„¦µ¥„µ¦˜´ªÁ¨º°„¨oªÄ®o„—ž»i¤6WDUW
QDYLJDWLRQ®¦º°ž»i¤$GGDVZD\SRLQWÁ¡ºÉ°Á¡·É¤¦µ¥„µ¦
œ´ÊœÁž}œ‹»—®¤µ¥ž¨µ¥šµŠ
¦³»‹»—®¤µ¥ž¨µ¥šµŠ
¦µ¥„µ¦¨nµ­»—
¦µ¥„µ¦Ãž¦—
œ¡ªŠ¤µ¨´¥Ãž¦——¼š¸É‹°Â­—ŠŸ¨Â¨³ž»i¤‡ª‡»¤„µ¦
š¶Šµœ
¦µ¥„µ¦­µ¤µ¦™Â„oŠŗoץčo(GLW
„µ¦‡oœ®µ¦µ¥„µ¦¨nµ­»—‹³°¥¼nĜ¦µ¥„µ¦š¸Éœ¸ÉÁ¨ºÉ°œÂ¨³
Á¨º°„
˜¶Â®œnŠš¸É™¼„¦³»Áž}œ¦µ¥„µ¦Ãž¦—‹µ„/LEUDU\‹³°¥¼n
Ĝ¦µ¥„µ¦š¸Éœ¸ÉÁ¨ºÉ°œÂ¨³Á¨º°„
œ°„‹µ„œ¸Ê¦µ¥„µ¦¨nµ­»—‹³°¥¼nĜ°°ž´ÉœÁ¤œ¼œ‹°
­—ŠŸ¨­¶®¦´‡œ ´Â¨³Á¨º°„Å—oץčož»i¤„——oµœ ªµ
œ¡ªŠ¤µ¨´¥Ãž¦——¼š¸É‹°Â­—ŠŸ¨Â¨³ž»i¤‡ª‡»¤„µ¦
š¶Šµœ­¶®¦´¦³œ¶šµŠ—oª¥ÂŸœš¸É
˜¶Â®œnŠš¸É¨°°„‹µ„)DYRXULWHV‹³¥´Š‡Š°¥¼nĜ
/LEUDU\˜n‹³¤¸¦¼ž—µªÂ—´„¶„´°¥¼n„µ¦Ä­n
˜¶Â®œnŠ—´Š„¨nµª„¨´Á oµÅžÄœ)DYRXULWHVŞš¸É
/LEUDU\¨³Á¨º°„š¶Á‡¦ºÉ°Š®¤µ¥¦¼ž—µª °Š˜¶Â®œnŠ
°¸„‡¦´ÊŠ
¦µ¥„µ¦­µ¤µ¦™Â„oŠŗoץčo(GLW
‹»—®¤µ¥ž¨µ¥šµŠš¸ÉčoŠµœn°¥­µ¤µ¦™˜´ÊŠÃž¦Â„¦¤
¨³ÄoŠµœÅ—o—oª¥6HWKRPHDGGUHVV‹»—®¤µ¥ž¨µ¥
šµŠš¸É˜´ÊŠÃž¦Â„¦¤Â¨oª+RPH‹³°¥¼nĜ°°ž´ÉœÁ¤œ¼œ‹°
­—ŠŸ¨­¶®¦´‡œ ´Â¨³Á¨º°„Å—oץčož»i¤„——oµœ ªµ
``
¦³»‹»—®¤µ¥ž¨µ¥šµŠ
__
Ũ¦µ¦¸É
಴
'LVWDQFHÁ¦¸¥Š˜µ¤¦³¥³®nµŠ‹µ„˜¶Â®œnŠÄœ
ž{‹‹»´œ
¦³»‹»—®¤µ¥ž¨µ¥šµŠ—oª¥­™µœš¸Éœnµ­œÄ‹
3RLQWRI,QWHUHVW32,
಴
5HFHLYHG˜¶Â®œnŠš¸É™¼„­nŠÅž¥´Š¦™Ã—¥Äo¢{Š„r´Éœ
6HQGWR&DU‹³™¼„„¦°Š°°„˜¶Â®œnŠÄ®¤nš¸É¥´ŠÅ¤n
™¼„°nµœ‹³¤¸Á‡¦ºÉ°Š®¤µ¥ ­¸œÊ¶ÁŠ·œ ¨³‹³®µ¥Åž
Á¤ºÉ°¤¸„µ¦°nµœ˜¶Â®œnŠÂ¨oª­¶®¦´ o°¤¼¨Á¡·É¤Á˜·¤
Þ¦——¼Äœ­nªœ´œš¹„‹»—®¤µ¥ž¨µ¥šµŠ—oª¥
6HQGWRFDU
„µ¦¦³»‹»—®¤µ¥ž¨µ¥šµŠ­µ¤µ¦™š¶Å—o®¨µ¥ª·›¸
„µ¦¦³»32,„ÈÁž}œª·›¸®œ¹ÉŠ
„µ¦Äo(GLWš¶Ä®o­µ¤µ¦™¨ o°¤¼¨Ä— o°¤¼¨®œ¹ÉŠ®¦º°
®¨µ¥
o°¤¼¨Äœ¦µ¥„µ¦Å—o
˜¶Â®œnŠš¸É´œš¹„Ūo¨³„¶®œ—„µ¦Á—·œšµŠ‹³Á„ȝ°¥¼nš¸Éœ¸É ¦µ¥
„µ¦š¸É™¼„´œš¹„Ūo¨nµ­»—‹³°¥¼nœ¦µ¥„µ¦—oµœœ­»—
o°¤¼¨š¸ÉÁ„¸É¥ª o°Š
˜³š¸É¦¼ž—µª °Š˜¶Â®œnŠÁ¡ºÉ°Á¨º°„¥„Á¨·„„µ¦Á¨º°„
Áž}œ¦µ¥„µ¦Ãž¦—˜¶Â®œnŠš¸¤É ¸„µ¦ÁœoœÅªo¤¸¦¼ž—µªš¸É¤¸­¸
Á˜·¤°¥¼n£µ¥Äœ‹³Â­—Š¦µ¥„µ¦°¥¼nĜ®´ª o°)DYRXULWHV
˜¶Â®œnŠš¸É™¼„¨°°„‹µ„/LEUDU\‹³™¼„¨°°„‹µ„
)DYRXULWHV—oª¥
Ũ¦µ¦¸É­µ¤µ¦™‹´—Á¦¸¥ŠÅ—o®¨µ¥ª·›¸
಴
$GGHGÁ¦¸¥Š˜µ¤Áª¨µ
಴
1DPHÁ¦¸¥Š˜µ¤¨¶—´˜´ª°´„¬¦
಴
´œš¹„‹»—®¤µ¥ž¨µ¥šµŠÃ—¥Äo6HQGWR&DU
œ
಴
‹°Â­—ŠŸ¨Â¨³ž»i¤‡ª‡»¤„µ¦š¶Šµœ­¶®¦´¦³
œ¶šµŠ—oª¥ÂŸœš¸É œ
಴
°o ¤¼¨š´ÉªÅžÁ„¸É¥ª„´„µ¦žj°œ‹»—®¤µ¥ž¨µ¥šµŠ
œ
˜³š¸É6HWGHVWš¸É—oµœ¨nµŠ °Š®œoµ‹°£µ¡ÂŸœ
š¸É‹³Áž¨¸É¥œÁž}œ„µ¦‡oœ®µÃ—¥Äoš¸É°¥¼n¡¦o°¤—oª¥n°Š
o°¤¼¨­¶®¦´„µ¦‡oœ®µÃ—¥Äoš¸É°¥¼n
„—ž»i¤32,
˜³š¸É˜´ª„¦°Šš¸É˜o°Š„µ¦
಴ 1HDUWKHFDU
಴ 1HDUWKHGHVWLQDWLRQ
಴ &ORVHLQWHUPHGLDWHGHVWLQDWLRQV žd—‹»—
®¤µ¥ž¨µ¥šµŠ¥n°¥¦³®ªnµŠšµŠ
಴ $ORQJURXWH
಴ $URXQGSRLQWRQPDS
¦³»‹»—®¤µ¥ž¨µ¥šµŠ
‡oœ®µÂ¨³Á¨º°„32,š¸É˜o°Š„µ¦
Á¨º°„6WDUWQDYLJDWLRQ®¦º°$GGDVZD\SRLQW
32,µŠÂ®nŠ‹³Â­—Š ¹ÊœÁž}œ°´œ—´Â¦„œÂŸœš¸ÉÁ¤ºÉ°
°´˜¦µ­nªœÁž}œNP PL
®¤µ¥Á®˜»
಴
­´¨´„¬–r­¶®¦´32,¨³‹¶œªœ32,Ĝ
˜n¨³˜¨µ—‹³Â˜„˜nµŠ„´œ°°„Åž
಴
Á¤ºÉ°š¶„µ¦°´¡Á—˜ o°¤¼¨ÂŸœš¸É°µ‹¤¸
­´¨´„¬–rÄ®¤n­—Š ¹ÊœÂ¨³­´¨´„¬–rš¸É¤¸
„n°œ®œoµœ¸Ê‹¶œªœ®œ¹ÉŠ°µ‹®µ¥Åžšnµœ
­µ¤µ¦™—¼­´¨´„¬–rš´ÊŠ®¤—š¸ÉčoĜ¦³ÂŸœš¸É
Ĝž{‹‹»´œÅ—oĜ¦³Á¤œ¼
„µ¦¦³»‹»—®¤µ¥ž¨µ¥šµŠÃ—¥Äoš¸É°¥¼n
„µ¦¦³»‹»—®¤µ¥ž¨µ¥šµŠ­µ¤µ¦™š¶Å—o®¨µ¥ª·›¸
ª·›¸„µ¦„¶®œ—ץčoš¸É°¥¼n„ÁÈ ž}œ®œ¹ÉŠÄœª·›¸Á®¨nµœ´Êœ
˜³š¸É6HWGHVWš¸É—oµœ¨nµŠ °Š®œoµ
‹°£µ¡ÂŸœš¸É‹³Áž¨¸É¥œÁž}œ„µ¦
‡oœ®µÃ—¥Äoš¸É°¥¼n¡¦o°¤—oª¥n°Š
o°¤¼¨­¶®¦´„µ¦‡oœ®µÃ—¥Äoš¸É°¥¼n
˜´ª°¥nµŠ °Š32,
32,®¨µ¥¦µ¥„µ¦ Ánœ¦oµœ°µ®µ¦ ‹³¤¸®¤ª—¥n°¥
Ánœ°µ®µ¦‹µœ—nªœÁž}œ˜oœ
Ĝ­nªœ„µ¦˜´ÊŠ‡nµÂŸœš¸É­µ¤µ¦™Á¨º°„Å—oªnµ‹³Ä®o32,
ė­—Š ¹ÊœœÂŸœš¸É32,š´ÊŠ®¤—š¸É¤¸°¥¼nĜÁ ˜¡ºÊœš¸É
ž{‹‹»´œ‹³°¥¼nĜ¦µ¥„µ¦„µ¦˜´ÊŠ‡nµœ¸Ê‹³Å¤n­nŠŸ¨„¦³š
˜n°„µ¦‡oœ®µ32,Á¡ºÉ°ÄoÁž}œ‹»—®¤µ¥ž¨µ¥šµŠÂ¤oªnµ
32,š¸É¥„Áªoœ‹³Â­—Š ¹ÊœÁž}œ‹»—®¤µ¥ž¨µ¥šµŠÂ
šµŠÁ¨º°„„Șµ¤
಴
಴
o°¤¼¨š¸ÉÁ„¸É¥ª o°Š
o°¤¼¨š´ÉªÅžÁ„¸É¥ª„´„µ¦žj°œ‹»—®¤µ¥ž¨µ¥šµŠ
œ
„µ¦˜´ÊŠ‡nµÂŸœš¸É œ
˜´ª°¥nµŠ °Šn°Š o°¤¼¨„µ¦‡oœ®µ°µ‹Â˜„˜nµŠ„´œ°°„Åž
˜µ¤˜¨µ—Á ˜¡ºÊœš¸É
Þ¦—š¦µªnµ˜´ªÁ¨º°„„µ¦‡oœ®µš¸É°›·µ¥ÅªoĜš¸Éœ¸Ê°µ‹
Ťn¤¸Ä®o¦·„µ¦ÄœµŠ˜¨µ—Á ˜¡ºÊœš¸É®œoµ‹°‹³Â­—Š
ÁŒ¡µ³˜´ªÁ¨º°„„µ¦‡oœ®µš¸É¤¸°¥¼nĜ¡ºÊœš¸É„µ¦‡oœ®µÄœ
ž{‹‹»´œÁšnµœ´Êœ
``
¦³»‹»—®¤µ¥ž¨µ¥šµŠ
__ ‹³˜o°Šžj°œ o°¤¼¨¨ŠÄœn°Š o°¤¼¨š´ÊŠ®¤—™oµ˜o°Š„µ¦
Á—·œšµŠÅžš¸ÉÁ¤º°ŠÄ—Á¤º°Š®œ¹ÉŠ„µ¦žj°œÁ¡¸¥ŠÂ‡nž¦³Áš«
¨³Á¤º°Š„ÈÁ¡¸¥Š¡°Â¨oª‹µ„œ´Êœ‹³¤¸„µ¦Ä®o‡¶Âœ³œ¶
Á­oœšµŠÅž¥´ŠÄ‹„¨µŠÁ¤º°Šœ´ÊœÇ
Á¨º°„°°ž´Éœ­nªœ o°‡ªµ¤š¸É¤¸°¥¼n°´œÄ—°´œ®œ¹ÉŠÂ¨³¡·¤¡r
ץčožjœ¡·¤¡r °Š‹°Â­—ŠŸ¨­nªœ„¨µŠ
಴
&RXQWU\6WDWH3URYLQFH
಴
&LW\7HUULWRU\3RVWFRGH
಴
$GGUHVV
಴
1XPEHU
಴
-XQFWLRQ
o°¤¼¨š¸ÉÁ„¸É¥ª o°Š
಴ o°¤¼¨š´ÉªÅžÁ„¸É¥ª„´„µ¦žj°œ‹»—®¤µ¥ž¨µ¥šµŠ
œ
಴
„µ¦r— o°¤¼œÂŸœš¸É œ
´œš¹„‹»—®¤µ¥ž¨µ¥šµŠÃ—¥Äo6HQGWR&DU
„µ¦¦³»‹»—®¤µ¥ž¨µ¥šµŠ­µ¤µ¦™š¶Å—o®¨µ¥ª·›¸
„µ¦Äo¢{Š„r´œ6HQGWR&DU ­nŠÅž¥´Š¦™ „ÈÁž}œ®œ¹ÉŠ
Ĝª·›¸Á®¨nµœ´Êœ
­nŠ˜¶Â®œnŠÅž¥´Š¦™
6HQGWR&DU ­nŠÅž¥´Š¦™ ‡º°¢{Š„r´œš¸Éš¶Ä®o­µ¤µ¦™
Á¡·É¤‹»—®¤µ¥ž¨µ¥šµŠ®¦º°˜¶Â®œnŠÅž¥´Š¦³œ¶šµŠ
°Š¦™Å—oŸnµœšµŠ‡°¤¡·ªÁ˜°¦r
¢{Š„r´œ6HQGWR&DU­µ¤µ¦™ÄoŠµœ‹µ„°¡9ROYR
2Q&DOOŗo¨³¥´Š­µ¤µ¦™Äo°¡9ROYR2Q&DOOÁ¤ºÉ°
‹¶Áž}œ˜o°Š­nŠ‹»—®¤µ¥ž¨µ¥šµŠ˜¶Â®œnŠ‹µ„«¼œ¥r
¦·„µ¦9ROYR2Q&DOOŞ¥´Š¦™Å—o°¸„—oª¥
‡¨·„ ªµš¸É˜¶Â®œnŠ‹µ„œ´Êœ‡¨·„š¸É°¥¼n
! Á¤œ¼—oµœ oµŠ´˜¦ o°¤¼¨‹³Ážd— ¹Êœ
¡¹Š¦³¨¹„Ūoªnµ ´Êœ˜°œš¸É­—Š ¹Êœš¸Éœ¸ÉÁž}œÁ¡¸¥Š˜´ª°¥nµŠ
®œ¹ÉŠ‹µ„Ž´¡¡¨µ¥Á°°¦rŸ¼oÄ®o¦·„µ¦ÂŸœš¸ÉÁšnµœ´Êœ
čoÁ‡¦ºÉ°Š‡°¤¡·ªÁ˜°¦rÁ¡ºÉ°Åžš¸ÉKHUHFRP
! ¦·„µ¦ÂŸœš¸É‹³Ážd— ¹Êœ
‡oœ®µ˜¶Â®œnŠš¸É˜o°Š„µ¦
‡¨·„š¸É¦rĜÁ¤œ¼—oµœ oµŠ
¦³»‹»—®¤µ¥ž¨µ¥šµŠ
°o ¤¼¨Á¡·É¤Á˜·¤Á„¸É¥ª„´Ž´¡¡¨µ¥Á°°¦r¦µ¥°ºÉœÂ¨³¢{Š„r´œ
6HQGWR&DU‹³¤¸Ä®o¦·„µ¦š¸É®œoµÁ¡‹­œ´­œ»œ °Š
9ROYR&DUV VXSSRUWYROYRFDUVFRP
‡¨·„š¸É­nŠÅžš¸É¦™ÄœÁ¤œ¼—oµœ oµŠ
Á¨º°„¦™Â¨³žj°œ®¤µ¥Á¨ 9,1 °Š¦™®¦º°š¸É°¥¼n
°¸Á¤¨š¸É¨Šš³Á¸¥œÅªo„´9ROYR,' °Ššnµœ‹µ„œ´Êœ
Ä®o‡¨·„­nŠ
„µ¦¦´Â¨³„µ¦Äo˜¶Â®œnŠÄœ¦™
Á¡ºÉ°Ä®o¦™­µ¤µ¦™¦´ o°¤¼¨Å—o¦™‹³˜o°ŠÁºÉ°¤˜n°„´œ
°·œÁš°¦rÁœÈ˜Ãž¦——¼‡¶°›·µ¥Äœ­nªœ„µ¦ÁºÉ°¤˜n°¦™
Ĝ‡¼n¤º°­¶®¦´Á‹oµ °Š¦™™oµ˜¶Â®œnŠ™¼„­nŠÅžš¸É¦™Ã—¥
9ROYR2Q&DOO¦³‹³ÄoäÁ—Ȥ¦ª¤Äœ˜´ª °Š¦™
Ĝ„µ¦­nŠ o°¤¼¨œ´Éœ‡º°Å¤n‹¶Áž}œ˜o°Š¤¸„µ¦ÁºÉ°¤˜n°
°·œÁš°¦rÁœÈ˜Â¥„˜nµŠ®µ„
಴
಴
o°¤¼¨š¸ÉÁ„¸É¥ª o°Š
„µ¦¦³»‹»—®¤µ¥ž¨µ¥šµŠ—oª¥¦µ¥„µ¦¨nµ­»—¦µ¥
„µ¦Ãž¦—Ũ¦µ¦¸ œ
o°¤¼¨š´ÉªÅžÁ„¸É¥ª„´„µ¦žj°œ‹»—®¤µ¥ž¨µ¥šµŠ
œ
Á¤ºÉ°¦™Å—o¦´˜¶Â®œnŠÂ¨oª‹³¤¸„µ¦Â‹oŠÁ˜º°œÂ­—Š
¹Êœœ‹°Â­—ŠŸ¨­nªœ„¨µŠÂ˜³š¸É„µ¦Â‹oŠÁ˜º°œ
­´¨´„¬–r
! ´˜¦ o°¤¼¨‹³Ážd— ¹Êœ
‡¨·„š¸ÉÁ­¦È‹­·Êœ
! ˜¶Â®œnŠ‹³™¼„­nŠÅžš¸É¦™
Á¨º°„„µ¦Äo˜¶Â®œnŠš¸É˜o°Š„µ¦
„µ¦Äo˜¶Â®œnŠš¸É´œš¹„Ūo
˜¶Â®œnŠš¸Éŗo¦´‹³™¼„´œš¹„ŪoĜŨ¦µ¦¸ °Š¦³œ¶
šµŠÂ¨³­µ¤µ¦™ÄoŠµœÄœ£µ¥®¨´ŠÅ—oÞ¦——¼Äœ˜´ÊŠ‹»—
®¤µ¥ž¨µ¥šµŠÃ—¥Äo‹»—®¤µ¥ž¨µ¥šµŠ¨nµ­»—¦µ¥
„µ¦Ãž¦—Ũ¦µ¦¸
„¶®œ—„µ¦ Á—· œ šµŠ ¨³Á­o œ šµŠ
„¶®œ—„µ¦Á—·œšµŠÂ¨³Á­oœšµŠ
„¶®œ—„µ¦Á—·œšµŠÂ¨³Á­oœšµŠÁ¨º°„°ºÉœ
Ĝ –³š¸É„µ¦Âœ³œ¶Á­oœšµŠš¶Šµœ°¥¼nÄ®o˜¦ª‹
­°š¸É„¶®œ—„µ¦Á—·œšµŠªnµ¤¸Á­oœšµŠÁ¨º°„°ºÉœ°¸„
®¦º°Å¤n
Ĝ –³š¸É„µ¦Âœ³œ¶Á­oœšµŠš¶Šµœ°¥¼nĜ˜³š¸É
0D[LPLVHÁ¡ºÉ° ¥µ¥£µ¡ °ŠÂŸœš¸ÉÄ®oÄ®nš¸É­»—
¨³Á oµÄoŠµœ„¶®œ—„µ¦Á—·œšµŠ
­—Š„¶®œ—„µ¦Á—·œšµŠ
˜³š¸É­´¨´„¬–rÁ¡ºÉ°Ážd—„¶®œ—„µ¦Á—·œšµŠ
„oÅ ®¦º°¨„¶®œ—„µ¦Á—·œšµŠ
­—Š„¶®œ—„µ¦Á—·œšµŠ
˜³š¸É™´Š¦¸ÅŽÁ‡·¨Á¡ºÉ°¨‹»—®¤µ¥ž¨µ¥šµŠ¥n°¥
¦³®ªnµŠšµŠÄœ„¶®œ—„µ¦Á—·œšµŠ®¦º°Â˜³š¸É
&OHDULWLQHUDU\Á¡ºÉ°¨„¶®œ—„µ¦Á—·œšµŠš´ÊŠ„¶®œ—
„µ¦
„¶®œ—„µ¦Á—·œšµŠÂ¨³Á­oœšµŠ
­—ŠÁ­oœšµŠÁ¨º°„°ºÉœ
šnµœ­µ¤µ¦™‡oœ®µÁ­oœšµŠÁ¨ºÉ°„°ºÉœÄœ –³š¸É„µ¦Âœ³œ¶
Á­oœšµŠ„¶¨´Šš¶Šµœ°¥¼nŗo
಴
­—Š„¶®œ—„µ¦Á—·œšµŠ
಴
Á¨º°„šµŠÁ¸É¥Š œ
„—ž»i¤$OWHUQDWLYHURXWHV
಴
„µ¦r— o°¤¼œÂŸœš¸É œ
಴
„µ¦˜´ÊŠ‡nµÁ­oœšµŠ œ
o°¤¼¨š¸ÉÁ„¸É¥ª o°Š
˜¶Â®œnŠÂœ³œ¶Á­oœšµŠÄœ„¶®œ—„µ¦Á—·œšµŠ
œ
˜¶Â®œnŠÂœ³œ¶Á­oœšµŠÄœ„¶®œ—„µ¦Á—·œšµŠ
¦µ¥„µ¦˜¶Â®œnŠÂœ³œ¶Á­oœšµŠÄœ°œµ‡˜ °Š„¶®œ—
„µ¦Á—·œšµŠ‹³nª¥Ä®o‡œ ´­µ¤µ¦™ªµŠÂŸœ—¼
Á­oœšµŠÁ¨¸Ê¥ª˜nµŠÇš¸É„¶¨´Š‹³Á„·— ¹ÊœÅ—oĜÁª¨µš¸É
Á®¤µ³­¤
Á¨º°„Á­oœšµŠÁ¨ºÉ°„°ºÉœ
಴ (FR
˜¶Â®œnŠÂœ³œ¶Á­oœšµŠ °Š„¶®œ—„µ¦Á—·œšµŠ
಴ )DVW
಴ 6FHQLF
Á¤ºÉ°­´ÉŠŠµœ„¶®œ—„µ¦Á—·œšµŠ¦µ¥„µ¦˜¶Â®œnŠÂœ³œ¶
Á­oœšµŠ °Š„¶®œ—„µ¦Á—·œšµŠ‹³Â­—Š ¹ÊœœÂŸœš¸É
˜³œÂŸœš¸É
! Á­oœšµŠš¸É°´¡Á—˜Â¨oª‹³Â­—Š ¹ÊœœÂŸœš¸É¨³
„µ¦Âœ³œ¶Á­oœšµŠ‹³Á¦·É¤š¶Šµœ˜n°
¦µ¥„µ¦­µ¤µ¦™ ¥µ¥°°„Å—o×¥„µ¦„—š¸É¨¼„«¦¸Ê¨Š
®¦º°­µ¤µ¦™¥n°Á¨È„­»—Å—o×¥„µ¦„—š¸É¨¼„«¦ ¹Êœ
˜¶Â®œnŠÂœ³œ¶Á­oœšµŠ™´—Åž‹³°¥¼n—oµœœ­»— °Š¦µ¥
„µ¦Á­¤°
``
„¶®œ—„µ¦Á—·œšµŠÂ¨³Á­oœšµŠ
__ ˜³œ˜¶Â®œnŠÂœ³œ¶Á­oœšµŠ˜¶Â®œnŠÄ—˜¶Â®œnŠ®œ¹ÉŠ
°Š¦µ¥„µ¦Á¡ºÉ°Á¨ºÉ°œÂŸœš¸ÉŞ—oµœ®œoµÅž¥´Š˜¶Â®œnŠš¸É
Á„¸É¥ª o°Š‹µ„œ´Êœ®µ„˜³œ­´¨´„¬–rÁžjµ„µ„µš
œÂŸœš¸É Ęož»i¤'' ‹³Áž}œ„µ¦¦¸ÁŽÈ˜ÂŸœš¸ÉŞ¥´Š
¤»¤¤°Š„µ¦Âœ³œ¶Á­oœšµŠŽ¹ÉŠÂŸœš¸É‹³Á¨ºÉ°œ˜µ¤¦™
಴
­™µœš¸Éœnµ­œÄ‹ 3RLQWRI,QWHUHVW32, Ĝ
Á­oœšµŠ
¦µ¥„µ¦ 32, ĜÁ­oœšµŠ‹³Â­—Š ¹Êœ
o°¤¼¨š¸ÉÁ„¸É¥ª o°Š
Á¨º°„šµŠÁ¸É¥Š œ
಴
„¶®œ—„µ¦Á—·œšµŠÂ¨³Á­oœšµŠÁ¨º°„°ºÉœ œ
಴
„µ¦r— o°¤¼œÂŸœš¸É œ
಴
„µ¦˜´ÊŠ‡nµÁ­oœšµŠ œ
„—ž»i¤$KHDG
„—ž»i¤32,
! 32,ĜÁ­oœšµŠ‹³Â­—Š ¹Êœ˜µ¤¦³¥³šµŠ
Á¤ºÉ°¤¸32,®¨µ¥š¸É°¥¼nĜ˜¶Â®œnŠÁ—¸¥ª„´œ32,
Á®¨nµœ´Êœ‹³Â­—ŠÁž}œ„¨»n¤Â˜³š¸É„¨»n¤Á¡ºÉ°Â­—Š¦µ¥
„µ¦ °Š32,
Á¨º°„32,š¸Éėš¸É®œ¹ÉŠ
Á¨º°„˜´ªÁ¨º°„„µ¦r— o°¤¼¨»—Ä—»—®œ¹ÉŠÂ¨³ž’·´˜·
˜µ¤‡¶Âœ³œ¶
಴
o°¤¼¨š¸ÉÁ„¸É¥ª o°Š
¦³»‹»—®¤µ¥ž¨µ¥šµŠ—oª¥­™µœš¸Éœnµ­œÄ‹ 3RLQW
RI,QWHUHVW32, œ
„¶®œ—„µ¦Á—·œšµŠÂ¨³Á­oœšµŠ
Á®˜»„µ¦–rŤnž„˜·Äœ„µ¦‹¦µ‹¦ÄœÁ­oœšµŠ
಴
¦µ¥„µ¦Á®˜»„µ¦–rŤnž„˜·Äœ„µ¦‹¦µ‹¦ÄœÁ­oœšµŠ
‹³Â­—Š ¹Êœ
„—ž»i¤$KHDG
಴
o°¤¼¨š¸ÉÁ„¸É¥ª o°Š
o°¤¼¨„µ¦‹¦µ‹¦ œ
„µ¦˜´ÊŠ‡nµ„µ¦‹¦µ‹¦ œ
„—ž»i¤7UDIILFž»i¤„µ¦‹¦µ‹¦‹³Áž}œ­¸Ášµ™oµÅ¤n¤¸Á®˜»
„µ¦–r„µ¦‹¦µ‹¦°¥¼nĜÁ­oœšµŠ
! Á®˜»„µ¦–r„µ¦‹¦µ‹¦ÄœÁ­oœšµŠ‹³Â­—Š˜µ¤
¦³¥³šµŠ
™oµ˜o°Š„µ¦š¦µ o°¤¼¨Á¡·É¤Á˜·¤Á„¸É¥ª„´„µ¦‹¦µ‹¦
˜·— ´—Ä®o˜³š¸É™ªÂ¨³´˜¦ o°¤¼¨‹³Ážd— ¹ÊœÁ¨º°„
˜´ªÁ¨º°„„µ¦r— o°¤¼¨»—Ä—»—®œ¹ÉŠÂ¨³ž’·´˜·˜µ¤
‡¶Âœ³œ¶
˜³š¸É$YRLGÁ¡ºÉ°®¨¸„Á¨¸É¥Š„µ¦‹¦µ‹¦˜·— ´—
! Á­oœšµŠ‹³Å—o¦´„µ¦‡¶œª–Ä®¤n¨³‹³Ä®o„µ¦
œ³œ¶Á­oœšµŠŸnµœÁ­oœšµŠÁ¨ºÉ°„°ºÉœ
„¶®œ—„µ¦Á—·œšµŠÂ¨³Á­oœšµŠ
„µ¦r— o°¤¼œÂŸœš¸É
Å°‡°œš»„Å°‡°œœÂŸœš¸ÉÁnœÅ°‡°œ­¶®¦´‹»—
®¤µ¥ž¨µ¥šµŠ‹»—®¤µ¥ž¨µ¥šµŠ¥n°¥¦³®ªnµŠ
šµŠ®¦º°­™µœš¸ÉÞ¦—‹³¤¸„µ¦r— o°¤¼¨Ž¹ÉŠ­µ¤µ¦™
Ážd—Å—o×¥„µ¦Â˜³œÅ°‡°œ
‡œ ´­µ¤µ¦™—¼ o°¤¼¨Äœž{‹‹»´œ °ŠÂ˜n¨³Å°‡°œÅ—o
ץčo,QIRFDUG °ŠÅ°‡°œœ´ÊœÇ
Ĝ˜´ª°¥nµŠœ¸Ê‹³¤¸­nªœ®œ¹ÉŠ °Š­™µœš¸Éœnµ­œÄ‹ 3RLQWRI
,QWHUHVW32, š¸É‡œ ´­µ¤µ¦™Á¨º°„Å—o
಴
6WDUWQDYLJDWLRQ´œš¹„˜¶Â®œnŠÁž}œ‹»—®¤µ¥
ž¨µ¥šµŠ
಴
$GGDVZD\SRLQW´œš¹„˜¶Â®œnŠÁž}œ‹»—®¤µ¥
ž¨µ¥šµŠ¥n°¥¦³®ªnµŠšµŠ
಴
6DYH´œš¹„˜¶Â®œnŠÁž}œÅ¨¦µ¦¸É­¶®¦´ o°¤¼¨
Á¡·É¤Á˜·¤Ãž¦——¼Äœ­nªœ„µ¦¦³»‹»—®¤µ¥ž¨µ¥
šµŠ—oª¥¦µ¥„µ¦¨nµ­»—¦µ¥„µ¦Ãž¦—Ũ¦µ¦¸
°o ¤¼¨œ„µ¦r— o°¤¼¨Â¨³˜´ªÁ¨º°„š¸É­µ¤µ¦™Á¨º°„Å—o‹³
˜„˜nµŠ„´œ°°„Ş×¥ ¹Êœ°¥¼n„´œ·— °ŠÅ°‡°œœ´ÊœÇ
಴
˜´ª°¥nµŠ °Š„µ¦r— o°¤¼¨­¶®¦´­™µœš¸Éœnµ­œÄ‹ 3RLQWRI
,QWHUHVW32,
Á¨º°„šµŠÁ¸É¥Š
™oµ‡œ ´˜o°Š„µ¦®¨¸„Á¨¸É¥ŠÁ­oœšµŠš¸ÉĄ¨oš¸É­»—Ánœ
ÁœºÉ°Š‹µ„¤¸„µ¦žd—™œœ­µ¤µ¦™Á¨º°„¢{Š„r´œ
'HWRXUŗo
šµŠÁ¸É¥Š
o°¤¼¨š¸ÉÁ„¸É¥ª o°Š
„¶®œ—„µ¦Á—·œšµŠÂ¨³Á­oœšµŠÁ¨º°„°ºÉœ œ
಴
˜¶Â®œnŠÂœ³œ¶Á­oœšµŠÄœ„¶®œ—„µ¦Á—·œšµŠ
œ
಴
Á¨º°„šµŠÁ¸É¥Š œ
಴
„µ¦˜´ÊŠ‡nµÁ­oœšµŠ œ
಴
„µ¦¦³»‹»—®¤µ¥ž¨µ¥šµŠ—oª¥¦µ¥„µ¦¨nµ­»—¦µ¥
„µ¦Ãž¦—Ũ¦µ¦¸ œ
˜³š¸Éž»i¤'HWRXUzÁ­oœšµŠÁ¨º°„°ºÉœ‹³Â­—Š ¹Êœ
œ®œoµ‹°¡¦o°¤—oª¥¦µ¥¨³Á°¸¥—Á„¸É¥ª„´¦³¥³
šµŠÂ¨³Áª¨µš¸ÉÁ¡·É¤ ¹Êœ®¦º°¨—¨Š
×¥ž„˜·Â¨oª¦³‹³Á­œ°šµŠÁ¸É¥Šš¸É­´Êœš¸É­»—Ž¹ÉŠš¶
Ä®o„¨´Á oµ¤µÄoÁ­oœšµŠÁ—·¤ °Š„¶®œ—„µ¦Á—·œ
šµŠÅ—o°¥nµŠ¦ª—Á¦Èª
„¶®œ—„µ¦Á—·œšµŠÂ¨³Á­oœšµŠ
಴
šµŠÁ¸É¥ŠÂ¨³¦µ¥¨³Á°¸¥—‹³Â­—Š ¹Êœ
šµŠÁ¸É¥Š‹³Á¦·É¤š¶Šµœ
®µ„ o°Á­œ°Áž}œš¸É¥°¤¦´Å—o„—žjµ¥š¸É¤¸ o°¤¼¨šµŠ
°o°¤œ°„‹µ„œ¸ÊÁ­oœšµŠ‹³Å—o¦´„µ¦¥°¤¦´Á¤ºÉ°
šnµœ ´Åž˜µ¤Á­oœšµŠš¸Éœ³œ¶°¸„—oª¥
®¨´Š‹µ„š¸É¥°¤¦´Á­oœšµŠš¸ÁÉ ­œ°„µ¦Âœ³œ¶Á­oœšµŠ‹³
„¨´Á oµ­¼n„µ¦Âœ³œ¶Á­oœšµŠÁ¸É¥Šš¸ÉÁ¨º°„
®µ„ o°Á­œ°Å¤n­µ¤µ¦™¥°¤¦´Å—o˜³š¸É&DQFHO
„µ¦Âœ³œ¶Á­oœšµŠ‹³Á¦·É¤š¶Šµœ˜n°Ã—¥ÄoÁ­oœšµŠ
š¸Éčo°¥¼nĜ –³œ´Êœ
„µ¦r— o°¤¼œÂŸœš¸É œ
°¸„šµŠÁ¨º°„®œ¹ÉŠ °Š¢{Š„r´Éœ'HWRXU‡º°„µ¦Á¸É¥Š¦™
°°„‹µ„Á­oœšµŠ °Š„¶®œ—„µ¦Á—·œšµŠ‹µ„œ´Êœ¦³
‹³°´¡Á—˜Á­oœšµŠÃ—¥°´˜Ãœ¤´˜·Â¨³œ¶šµŠÅž¥´Š‹»—
®¤µ¥ž¨µ¥šµŠ˜µ¤Á­oœšµŠš¸ÉÁ®¤µ³­¤š¸É­»—
ª·›¸Á¨º°„Á­oœšµŠÁ¨º°„°ºÉœÅ—o°›·µ¥ÅªoĜ­nªœ„¶®œ—
„µ¦Á—·œšµŠÂ¨³Á­oœšµŠÁ¨º°„°ºÉœ
o°¤¼¨š¸ÉÁ„¸É¥ª o°Š
಴ „µ¦˜´ÊŠ‡nµÁ­oœšµŠ œ
಴
Á¨º°„šµŠÁ¸É¥Š œ
಴
„¶®œ—„µ¦Á—·œšµŠÂ¨³Á­oœšµŠÁ¨º°„°ºÉœ œ
o ° ¤¼ ¨„µ¦‹¦µ‹¦
o°¤¼¨„µ¦‹¦µ‹¦
o°¤¼¨„µ¦‹¦µ‹¦
¦³œ¶šµŠ‹³¦´ o°¤¼¨Á„¸É¥ª„´„µ¦Á‡¨ºÉ°œ˜´ªÂ¨³
Á®˜»„µ¦–r„µ¦‹¦µ‹¦°¥nµŠ˜n°ÁœºÉ°Š
®¤µ¥Á®˜»
o°¤¼¨‹¦µ‹¦¤¸ÁŒ¡µ³ÄœµŠ¡ºÊœš¸Éž¦³Áš«
¡ºÊœš¸É„¦³‹µ¥ o°¤¼¨‹¦µ‹¦„¶¨´Š ¥µ¥Á¡·É¤ ¹Êœ°¥nµŠ
˜n°ÁœºÉ°Š
­nªœ„µ¦˜´ÊŠ‡nµ„µ¦‹¦µ‹¦‹³°›·µ¥„µ¦ž¦´˜nµŠÇš¸É
­µ¤µ¦™š¶Å—o­¶®¦´„µ¦Â­—Š o°¤¼¨„µ¦‹¦µ‹¦œ
Ÿœš¸É
˜´ª°¥nµŠ o°¤¼¨„µ¦‹¦µ‹¦
Á®˜»„µ¦–rŤnž„˜·Äœ„µ¦‹¦µ‹¦°µš·Ánœ„µ¦‹¦µ‹¦š¸É
˜·— ´—¨³Á‡¨ºÉ°œ˜´ªoµ„µ¦Žn°¤™œœ°»´˜·Á®˜»Â¨³
°ºÉœÇ‹³Â­—Š ¹ÊœœÂŸœš¸É—oª¥­´¨´„¬–ršÂ¸É ˜„˜nµŠ„´œ
Á¤ºÉ°Á®˜»„µ¦–rŤnž„˜·œ´Êœ¤¸ž{®µ¦»œÂ¦Š¤µ„ ¹Êœ °Á ˜
°ŠÁ®˜»„µ¦–rÁ®¨nµœ´Êœ‹³Â­—Š ¹Êœ—oª¥Á­oœ­¸Â—Š¨µ„
¥µªÅž˜µ¤™œœÁnœ„¦–¸„µ¦Žn°¤™œœÁ­oœ—´Š„¨nµª‹³
­—Š ¹Êœ˜µ¤š·«šµŠ„µ¦Á—·œšµŠš¸É¤¸Á®˜»„µ¦–rŤnž„˜·
œ´Êœ™oµÁ®˜»„µ¦–rŤnž„˜·Á„·— ¹Êœš´ÊŠ­°Šš·«šµŠ­nªœ °Š
™œœ‹³¤¸Á­oœ­¸Â—Š¨µ„¥µªš´ÊŠ­°Š {~Š
čo„´µŠ˜¨µ—
o°¤¼¨Á„¸É¥ª„´„µ¦‹¦µ‹¦˜·— ´—
p ˜³š¸É­´¨´„¬–r­¶®¦´„µ¦‹¦µ‹¦˜·— ´—
! ´˜¦ o°¤¼¨‹³Â­—Š ¹Êœ˜´ª°¥nµŠ °Š o°¤¼¨Å—o„n
˜¶Â®œnŠ °ŠÁ®˜»„µ¦–rŤnž„˜·¡¦o°¤ºÉ°™œœ
®¦º°®¤µ¥Á¨ ™œœÂ¨³­£µ¡Á®˜»„µ¦–r
°Á ˜®¦º°¦³¥³Áª¨µ
®¨¸„Á¨¸É¥Š„µ¦‹¦µ‹¦˜·— ´—
™oµÁ®˜»„µ¦–rŤnž„˜·œ´Êœ°¥¼nœÁ­oœšµŠ­µ¤µ¦™Á¨º°„
°°ž´Éœ$YRLGŗo¦³‹³‡¶œª–Á­oœšµŠÁ¨º°„°ºÉœ
­¶®¦´‡¶°›·µ¥Ãž¦——¼š¸É„µ¦‹¦µ‹¦˜·— ´—ÄœÁ­oœšµŠ
o°¤¼¨„µ¦‹¦µ‹¦ÄœÁª¨µ‹¦·Š 577, ¦™š¸É¤¸„µ¦ÁºÉ°¤˜n°°·œÁš°¦rÁœÈ˜‹³­µ¤µ¦™¦´ o°¤¼¨„µ¦
‹¦µ‹¦ÄœÁª¨µ‹¦·ŠŸnµœ°·œÁš°¦rÁœÈ˜Å—oץčo577,ŗo
಴
಴
಴
o°¤¼¨š¸ÉÁ„¸É¥ª o°Š
„µ¦˜´ÊŠ‡nµ„µ¦‹¦µ‹¦ œ
o°¤¼¨„µ¦‹¦µ‹¦ÄœÁª¨µ‹¦·Š 577, œ
Á®˜»„µ¦–rŤnž„˜·Äœ„µ¦‹¦µ‹¦ÄœÁ­oœšµŠ œ
o°¤¼¨„µ¦‹¦µ‹¦
o°¤¼¨„µ¦‹¦µ‹¦ÄœÁª¨µ‹¦·Š 577, ¦™š¸É¤¸„µ¦ÁºÉ°¤˜n°°·œÁš°¦rÁœÈ˜‹³­µ¤µ¦™¦´
o°¤¼¨„µ¦‹¦µ‹¦ÄœÁª¨µ‹¦·ŠŸnµœ°·œÁš°¦rÁœÈ˜Å—o
ץčo577,ŗo
¦³‹³—¹Š o°¤¼¨„µ¦‹¦µ‹¦Á„¸É¥ª„´Á®˜»„µ¦–r¨³„µ¦
¨ºÉœÅ®¨ °Š„µ¦‹¦µ‹¦‹µ„°¡­¶®¦´°»ž„¦–r¡„
¡µ®œnª¥Šµœ­µ›µ¦–³Â¨³ o°¤¼¨*36‹µ„¦™°¥¼n
˜¨°—Áª¨µÁ¤ºÉ°¦™‡´œÄ—‡´œ®œ¹ÉŠ¦o°Š ° o°¤¼¨„µ¦¨ºÉœÅ®¨
°Š„µ¦‹¦µ‹¦„È‹³¤¸„µ¦­nŠ o°¤¼¨„µ¦¨ºÉœÅ®¨ °Š„µ¦
‹¦µ‹¦ÂÅ¤n¦³»š¸É¤µš¸É˜¶Â®œnŠ °Š¦™ÄœÁª¨µÁ—¸¥ª„´œ
Ž¹ÉŠnª¥Á­¦·¤„µ¦š¶Šµœ °Š¦·„µ¦ o°¤¼¨ÂÅ¤n¦³»
®¨nŠš¸É¤µ‹³™¼„­nŠÁ¤ºÉ°577,š¶Šµœ°¥¼nÁšnµœ´Êœ
­£µ¡„µ¦‹¦µ‹¦Äœ –³œ´Êœ‹³Â­—Š ¹Êœ­¶®¦´šµŠ—nªœ
™œœ­µ¥®¨´„¨³™œœÄœÁ¤º°ŠÄ®n¦ª¤Åž™¹ŠÁ­oœšµŠ
¦³®ªnµŠÁ¤º°ŠµŠÁ­oœ
ž¦·¤µ– °Š o°¤¼¨„µ¦‹¦µ‹¦š¸É­—Š ¹ÊœœÂŸœš¸É‹³ ¹Êœ
°¥¼n„´¦³¥³®nµŠ‹µ„¦™Ã—¥‹³Â­—ŠÁŒ¡µ³£µ¥ÄœnªŠ
¦³¥³šµŠž¦³¤µ–„¤‹µ„˜¶Â®œnŠ °Š¦™Ášnµœ´Êœ
°o ‡ªµ¤Â¨³­´¨´„¬–rœÂŸœš¸É‹³Â­—Š ¹Êœ˜µ¤ž„˜·
¨³„µ¦¨ºÉœÅ®¨ °Š„µ¦‹¦µ‹¦‹³Â­—Šªnµ‡ªµ¤Á¦ÈªÄœ
„µ¦Á‡¨ºÉ°œš¸É °Š„µ¦‹¦µ‹¦œ™œœÁž}œ°¥nµŠÅ¦Á¤ºÉ°
Áš¸¥„´ ¸—‹¶„´—‡ªµ¤Á¦Èªœ™œœ„µ¦¨ºÉœÅ®¨ °Š„µ¦
čo„´µŠ˜¨µ—
5HDO7LPH7UDIILF,QIRUPDWLRQ
‹¦µ‹¦‹³Â­—ŠœÂŸœš¸É­¶®¦´Â˜n¨³—oµœ °Š™œœÃ—¥
čoÁ­oœ­¸®œ¹ÉŠ­¸˜n°š·«šµŠ„µ¦Á‡¨ºÉ°œš¸É®œ¹ÉŠš·«šµŠ
಴
­¸Á ¸¥ªÅ¤n¤¸„µ¦˜·— ´—
಴
­¸Á®¨º°ŠÂ­—Š¦³—´ °ŠÁ®˜»„µ¦–r„µ¦‹¦µ‹¦Â¨³
Ťn­nŠŸ¨˜n°„µ¦Á‡¨ºÉ°œ˜´ª‹¦·ŠÁnœŠµœŽn°¤™œœ
Áž}œ˜oœ
಴
­¸­o¤„µ¦‹¦µ‹¦Á‡¨ºÉ°œ˜´ªoµ
಴
­¸Â—Š„µ¦‹¦µ‹¦®œµÂœnœ„µ¦‹¦µ‹¦˜·— ´—
°»´˜·Á®˜»
಴
­¸—¶™œœžd—
®¤µ¥Á®˜»
o°¤¼¨‹¦µ‹¦¤¸ÁŒ¡µ³ÄœµŠ¡ºÊœš¸Éž¦³Áš«
¡ºÊœš¸É„¦³‹µ¥ o°¤¼¨‹¦µ‹¦„¶¨´Š ¥µ¥Á¡·É¤ ¹Êœ°¥nµŠ
˜n°ÁœºÉ°Š
``
o°¤¼¨„µ¦‹¦µ‹¦
__ o°¤¼¨š¸ÉÁ„¸É¥ª o°Š
಴ „µ¦­´ÉŠŠµœ¥„Á¨·„„µ¦š¶Šµœ5HDO7LPH7UDIILF
,QIRUPDWLRQ o°¤¼¨„µ¦‹¦µ‹¦ÄœÁª¨µ‹¦·Š®¦º°
577, œ
಴
o°¤¼¨„µ¦‹¦µ‹¦ œ
಴
„µ¦˜´ÊŠ‡nµ„µ¦‹¦µ‹¦ œ
಴
Á®˜»„µ¦–rŤnž„˜·Äœ„µ¦‹¦µ‹¦ÄœÁ­oœšµŠ œ
„µ¦ ˜´ o Š‡n µ
„µ¦˜´ÊŠ‡nµ
„µ¦­´ÉŠŠµœ„µ¦¥„Á¨·„„µ¦š¶Šµœ„µ¦Â­—Š
Ÿœš¸Éœ‹°Â­—ŠŸ¨­¶®¦´‡œ ´
Á¤ºÉ°˜´ÊŠ‹»—®¤µ¥ž¨µ¥šµŠÂ¨oªÂŸœš¸É‹³Â­—Š ¹Êœ
œ‹°Â­—ŠŸ¨­¶®¦´‡œ ´Ã—¥°´˜Ãœ¤´˜· šnµœ¥´Š
­µ¤µ¦™Á¨º°„Ä®o„µ¦Â­—ŠÂŸœš¸šÉ ¶ŠµœÃ—¥Å¤n¤¸
„µ¦˜´ÊŠ‹»—®¤µ¥ž¨µ¥šµŠÅ—o°¸„—oª¥
˜³š¸Éž»i¤Á¨º°„°¥nµŠÄ—°¥nµŠ®œ¹ÉŠ6KRZ
1DYLJDWLRQÁ¡ºÉ°­´ÉŠŠµœ„µ¦Â­—ŠÂŸœš¸Éœ‹°Â­—Š
Ÿ¨­¶®¦´‡œ ´™¹ŠÂ¤oªnµ‹³Å¤n¤¸„¶®œ—„µ¦Á—·œ
šµŠ„Șµ¤
o°¤¼¨š¸ÉÁ„¸É¥ª o°Š
಴ 6HQVXV1DYLJDWLRQ„µ¦˜´ÊŠ‡nµ œ
಴
‹°Â­—ŠŸ¨Â¨³ž»i¤‡ª‡»¤„µ¦š¶Šµœ­¶®¦´¦³
œ¶šµŠ—oª¥ÂŸœš¸É œ
6HQVXV1DYLJDWLRQ„µ¦˜´ÊŠ‡nµ
Ÿ¼očo­µ¤µ¦™Á¨º°„¨´„¬–³„µ¦Â­—ŠŸ¨Á­oœšµŠÂ¨³
o°¤¼¨°ºÉœÇŗo×¥„µ¦˜´ÊŠ‡nµ
¦³œ¶šµŠ—oª¥ÂŸœš¸É­µ¤µ¦™Â­—Š ¹ÊœÅ—oĜ®¨µ¥¦¼ž
Ã—¥Ÿ¼očo­µ¤µ¦™Á¨º°„„µ¦˜´ÊŠ‡nµÁ¡ºÉ°Â­—ŠŸ¨ÂŸœš¸É
Ĝ­nªœ˜´ªÅ—o
ž’·´˜·—´Š˜n°Åžœ¸ÊÁ¡ºÉ°Á oµÄoŠµœ„µ¦˜´ÊŠ‡nµ
¨µ„¤»¤¤°Š¦³—´œ­»—¨Š¤µ‹µ„­nªœœ­»— °Š
®œoµ‹°
‹µ„š¸Éœ´ÉœÄ®oÁ¨º°„¡µ›„µ¦‡oœ®µ˜n°Åžœ¸Ê
6HWWLQJV
‹°Â­—ŠŸ¨­¶®¦´‡œ ´
„—6HWWLQJVĜ¤»¤¤°Š¦³—´œ­»—
˜³š¸É0\&DU
&HQWUH$UHD
Ÿœš¸É‹³Â­—Š
'LVSOD\V
'ULYHU'LVSOD\
¹Êœœ‹°Â­—ŠŸ¨­¶®¦´‡œ ´ œµ—œ·ÊªÁšnµœ´Êœ
1DYLJDWLRQ
„µ¦˜´ÊŠ‡nµ
಴
o°¤¼¨š¸ÉÁ„¸É¥ª o°Š
„µ¦˜´ÊŠ‡nµÂŸœš¸É œ
಴ „µ¦­´ÉŠŠµœ„µ¦¥„Á¨·„„µ¦š¶Šµœ„µ¦Â­—ŠÂŸœš¸É
œ‹°Â­—ŠŸ¨­¶®¦´‡œ ´ œ
಴
„µ¦˜´ÊŠ‡nµÁ­oœšµŠ œ
಴
„µ¦˜´ÊŠ‡nµ„µ¦‹¦µ‹¦ œ
಴
„µ¦˜´ÊŠ‡nµ„µ¦Âœ³œ¶Á­oœšµŠ œ
಴
„µ¦˜´ÊŠ‡nµÂŸœš¸É
„µ¦˜´ÊŠ‡nµ­¶®¦´¨´„¬–³„µ¦Â­—ŠÂŸœš¸Éœ®œoµ
‹°­µ¤µ¦™Á¨º°„Å—oš¸Éœ¸É
o°¤¼¨ÂŸœš¸É œ
šnµœ­µ¤µ¦™š¶„µ¦˜´ÊŠ‡nµÅ—oĜ¦·Áª–Á®¨nµœ¸Ê
಴
0DS‹´—„µ¦ÁœºÊ°®µ °ŠÂŸœš¸É¨³¨´„¬–³š¸É
ž¦µ„’
಴
5RXWH ‹´—„µ¦„µ¦‡¶œª–Á­oœšµŠÂ¨³„µ¦Â­—Š
٬
಴
7UDIILF‹´—„µ¦ o°¤¼¨Á„¸É¥ª„´„µ¦‹¦µ‹¦˜·— ´—
಴
*XLGDQFH‹´—„µ¦„µ¦Âœ³œ¶Á­oœšµŠ
಴
6\VWHP o°¤¼¨Á„¸É¥ª„´„µ¦°´¡Á—˜Ž°¢˜rª¦r¨³
Ÿœš¸É
6HWWLQJV
1DYLJDWLRQ
0DS
``
„µ¦˜´ÊŠ‡nµ
಴
__ šnµœ­µ¤µ¦™š¶„µ¦˜´ÊŠ‡nµÅ—oĜ¦·Áª–Á®¨nµœ¸Ê
಴ 3RVLWLRQ)RUPDW
3RVLWLRQ)RUPDWčoĜ„µ¦Á¨º°„ªnµ˜o°Š„µ¦Ä®o˜¶Â®œnŠ
ėĜž{‹‹»´œÂ­—ŠºÉ°Â­—Š ¹Êœ¡¦o°¤„´š¸É°¥¼n®¦º°¡·„´—
°Š˜¶Â®œnŠœ´ÊœÇ®¦º°Å¤n
಴
0DS'HVLJQ
಴
32,
಴
$GGUHVV
಴
)DYRXULWHV
಴
&RRUGLQDWHVDQGDOWLWXGH
6SHHG&DPHUDV
¦¼žÂ °Š˜¶Â®œnŠ
¨´„¬–³„µ¦Â­—ŠÂŸœš¸É
0DS'HVLJQčoĜ„µ¦Á¨º°„¨´„¬–³„µ¦Â­—Š­¸ °Š
Ÿœš¸É
¢{Š„r´œ°µ‹¤¸Ä®o¦·„µ¦ÄœµŠ˜¨µ—Ášnµœ´Êœ
಴
'D\­¸­ªnµŠ
಴
1LJKW­¸¤º—Ž¹ÉŠÅ¤n¦„ªœ„µ¦¤°ŠÄœÁª¨µ„¨µŠ‡ºœ
಴
$XWR¦³‹³­¨´¦³®ªnµŠ'D\„´1LJKW ¹Êœ°¥¼n
„´Â­Š­ªnµŠ£µ¥Äœ®o°ŠÃ—¥­µ¦
„µ¦˜´ÊŠ‡nµ
­™µœš¸Éœnµ­œÄ‹ 3RLQWRI,QWHUHVW32,
಴
Á¨º°„®¤ª—32,š¸É˜o°Š„µ¦Ä®o­—Š ¹ÊœœÂŸœš¸É
¨oª°°„‹µ„Á¤œ¼Ã—¥„µ¦„—š¸É%DFN®¦º°&ORVH
­¶®¦´ o°¤¼¨Á¡·É¤Á˜·¤Ãž¦——¼Äœ­nªœ„µ¦¦³»‹»—®¤µ¥
ž¨µ¥šµŠ—oª¥­™µœš¸Éœnµ­œÄ‹ 3RLQWRI,QWHUHVW
32, ¦µ¥„µ¦Ãž¦—
®¤ª—®¤¼n®¨´„ °Š32,
Á¨º°„ªnµ‹³Ä®o32,ėž¦µ„’œÂŸœš¸É®¤ª—®¤¼nš»„
®¤ª—‹³¤¸˜´ªÁ¨º°„­°Š˜´ªÁ¨º°„¨³Á¨º°„Å—oªnµ‹³Ä®o
32,š´ÊŠ®¤—Äœ®¤ª—®¤¼n­—Š ¹ÊœÁnœ¦·„µ¦ œ­nŠ
®¦º°Ážd—®¤ª—®¤¼nץčo­´¨´„¬–r!‹µ„œ´ÊœÁ¨º°„
®¤ª—®¤¼n¥n°¥š¸É˜o°Š„µ¦®¦º°Å¤n˜o°Š„µ¦Ä®o­—Š ¹Êœ
Á¨º°„ªnµ˜o°Š„µ¦Ä®o)DYRXULWHV­—Š ¹ÊœœÂŸœš¸É®¦º°
Ťn
಴
®¤ª—®¤¼n¥n°¥ °Š32,
čnŤn
­¶®¦´ o°¤¼¨Á¡·É¤Á˜·¤Ãž¦——¼Äœ­nªœ„µ¦¦³»‹»—®¤µ¥
ž¨µ¥šµŠ—oª¥¦µ¥„µ¦¨nµ­»—¦µ¥„µ¦Ãž¦—Ũ¦µ¦¸
``
„µ¦˜´ÊŠ‡nµ
__ „¨o°Š˜¦ª‹‹´‡ªµ¤Á¦Èª
„µ¦˜´ÊŠ‡nµÁ­oœšµŠ
„µ¦˜´ÊŠ‡nµ­¶®¦´¨´„¬–³ °Š„µ¦‡¶œª–Á­oœšµŠ
­µ¤µ¦™Á¨º°„Å—oš¸Éœ¸É
1DYLJDWLRQ
5RXWH
šnµœ­µ¤µ¦™š¶„µ¦˜´ÊŠ‡nµÅ—oĜ¦·Áª–Á®¨nµœ¸Ê
Á¨º°„ªnµ˜o°Š„µ¦Ä®o6SHHG&DPHUDV­—Š ¹ÊœœÂŸœš¸É
®¦º°Å¤n
಴
čnŤn
o°¤¼¨š¸ÉÁ„¸É¥ª o°Š
಴ 6HQVXV1DYLJDWLRQ„µ¦˜´ÊŠ‡nµ œ
಴
„µ¦¦³»‹»—®¤µ¥ž¨µ¥šµŠ—oª¥¦µ¥„µ¦¨nµ­»—¦µ¥
„µ¦Ãž¦—Ũ¦µ¦¸ œ
಴
¦³»‹»—®¤µ¥ž¨µ¥šµŠ—oª¥­™µœš¸Éœnµ­œÄ‹ 3RLQW
RI,QWHUHVW32, œ
¢{Š„r´œ°µ‹¤¸Ä®o¦·„µ¦ÄœµŠ˜¨µ—Ášnµœ´Êœ
čnŤn
œ·—Á­oœšµŠ¤µ˜¦“µœ
Á¨º°„ž¦³Á£š¤µ˜¦“µœ °ŠÁ­oœšµŠš¸É˜o°Š„µ¦Äo
಴
¡µ› °ŠÁ¤œ¼
6HWWLQJV
ž¦³ª´˜·¦¼žÂ„µ¦‹¦µ‹¦
Á¨º°„ž¦³ª´˜·¦¼žÂ„µ¦‹¦µ‹¦š¸É‹³ÄoĜ„µ¦‡¶œª–Á­oœ
šµŠ
಴
)DVW
಴
5RXWH/HDUQLQJ
಴
(FR
಴
7UDIILF+LVWRU\3DWWHUQ
಴
಴
'HIDXOW5RXWH7\SH
6FHQLF®¨¸„Á¨¸É¥ŠšµŠ®¨ªŠÄ®o¤µ„š¸É­»—Ášnµš¸É‹³
Áž}œÅžÅ—oÁª¨µÁ—·œšµŠ°µ‹œµœ ¹Êœ
಴
$YRLG
಴
$UULYDO7LPH)RUPDW
„µ¦Á¦¸¥œ¦¼oÁ­oœšµŠ
Á¨º°„ªnµ‹³°œ»µ˜Ä®o¦ª¦ª¤ o°¤¼¨Á¡ºÉ°ž¦´„µ¦
‡¶œª–Á­oœšµŠ®¦º°Å¤n
಴
čnŤn
¨³¥´Š­µ¤µ¦™Á¨º°„Á­oœšµŠÁ¨º°„°ºÉœÄœ¦³®ªnµŠ„µ¦Á—·œ
šµŠž{‹‹»´œÅ—oÞ¦——¼Äœ­nªœ„¶®œ—„µ¦Á—·œšµŠÂ¨³
Á­oœšµŠÁ¨º°„°ºÉœ
„µ¦˜´ÊŠ‡nµ
಴®¨¸„Á¨¸É¥Š
಴
7ROO5RDGV
¦¼žÂÁª¨µ
Á¨º°„ª·›¸„µ¦Â­—ŠÁª¨µ™¹Š‹»—®¤µ¥ž¨µ¥šµŠ
಴
(7$Áª¨µ™¹Š‹»—®¤µ¥ž¨µ¥šµŠÃ—¥ž¦³¤µ–
಴
57$¦³¥³Áª¨µš¸ÉÁ®¨º°„n°œ™¹Š‹»—®¤µ¥ž¨µ¥
šµŠ
„µ¦˜´ÊŠ‡nµ„µ¦‹¦µ‹¦
šnµœ­µ¤µ¦™Á¨º°„„µ¦˜´ÊŠ‡nµ­¶®¦´¨´„¬–³„µ¦
­—Š o°¤¼¨š¸ÉÁ„¸É¥ª o°Š„´„µ¦‹¦µ‹¦œÂŸœš¸Éŗo
š¸Éœ¸É
Áª¨µš¸É­—Š‹³Áž}œÅž˜µ¤Á ˜Áª¨µ °Š‹»—®¤µ¥ž¨µ¥
šµŠ
Á¨º°„˜´ªÁ¨º°„°¥nµŠœo°¥®œ¹ÉŠ˜´ªÁ¨º°„š¸É‹³®¨¸„Á¨¸É¥ŠÃ—¥
°´˜Ãœ¤´˜· ™oµ­µ¤µ¦™š¶Å—o Á¤ºÉ°‡¶œª–Á­oœšµŠ
಴
7XQQHO
಴
಴
o°¤¼¨š¸ÉÁ„¸É¥ª o°Š
6HQVXV1DYLJDWLRQ„µ¦˜´ÊŠ‡nµ œ
„¶®œ—„µ¦Á—·œšµŠÂ¨³Á­oœšµŠÁ¨º°„°ºÉœ œ
,QWHUQDWLRQDO%RUGHU
಴
&RQJHVWLRQ&KDUJH=RQH
಴
&DUWUDLQ
಴
)HUU\
಴
+LJKZD\
°µ‹¤¸Ä®o¦·„µ¦ÄœµŠ˜¨µ—Á ˜¡ºÊœš¸ÉÁšnµœ´Êœ
(7$y(VWLPDWHG7LPHRI$UULYDO
57$y5HPDLQLQJ7LPHWR$UULYDO
``
„µ¦˜´ÊŠ‡nµ
__ „—6HWWLQJVĜ¤»¤¤°Š¦³—´œ­»—
˜³š¸É1DYLJDWLRQ 7UDIILF¨oªÁ¨º°„„µ¦˜´ÊŠ‡nµ
಴
o°¤¼¨š¸ÉÁ„¸É¥ª o°Š
಴ 6HQVXV1DYLJDWLRQ„µ¦˜´ÊŠ‡nµ œ
1RQH
಴
0DMRU
಴
o°¤¼¨„µ¦‹¦µ‹¦ œ
$OO
಴
o°¤¼¨„µ¦‹¦µ‹¦ÄœÁª¨µ‹¦·Š 577, œ
)UHH)ORZLQJ7UDIILFÁ¨º°„„¨n°Š„µÁ‡¦ºÉ°Š®¤µ¥
Á¡ºÉ°Â­—ŠœÂŸœš¸É
಴
$YRLG7UDIILF(YHQWVĜÁ­oœšµŠ¦³‹³
¡·‹µ¦–µ˜´ªÁ¨º°„Á¤ºÉ°‡¶œª–Á­oœšµŠ
1HYHU
$VN¦³‹³Ä®o o°Á­œ°Âœ³Ä—Ç­¶®¦´„µ¦
Áž¨¸É¥œÂž¨ŠÁ­oœšµŠÄœ¦³®ªnµŠ„µ¦Á—·œšµŠ
$OZD\V
8VH577,ZKHQDQLQWHUQHWFRQQHFWLRQLV
DYDLODEOHÁ¨º°„„¨n°Š„µÁ‡¦ºÉ°Š®¤µ¥Á¡ºÉ°Äo o°¤¼¨
„µ¦‹¦µ‹¦ÄœÁª¨µ‹¦·Š 5HDO7LPH7UDIILF
,QIRUPDWLRQ Ÿnµœ°·œÁš°¦rÁœÈ˜
čo„´µŠ˜¨µ—
7UDIILFSURYLGHU Ÿ¼očo¦·„µ¦ o°¤¼¨‹¦µ‹¦ ­—ŠÂ®¨nŠ o°¤¼¨š¸Éčo­¶®¦´ o°¤¼¨„µ¦‹¦µ‹¦
7UDIILF(YHQWV˜o°Š„µ¦Ä®o­—Š ¹ÊœœÂŸœš¸É¨³
œ¶ÅžÄo­¶®¦´„µ¦‡¶œª–Á­oœšµŠ
಴
಴
಴
Á®˜»„µ¦–rŤnž„˜·Äœ„µ¦‹¦µ‹¦ÄœÁ­oœšµŠ œ
„µ¦­´ÉŠŠµœ¥„Á¨·„„µ¦š¶Šµœ5HDO7LPH
7UDIILF,QIRUPDWLRQ o°¤¼¨„µ¦‹¦µ‹¦ÄœÁª¨µ
‹¦·Š®¦º°577, ¦™š¸É¤¸„µ¦ÁºÉ°¤˜n°°·œÁš°¦rÁœÈ˜‹³­µ¤µ¦™¦´
o°¤¼¨„µ¦‹¦µ‹¦ÄœÁª¨µ‹¦·ŠŸnµœ°·œÁš°¦rÁœÈ˜Å—o
ץčo577,ŗo
¦™‹³˜o°ŠÁºÉ°¤˜n°°¥¼n„´°·œÁš°¦rÁœÈ˜‹¹Š‹³­µ¤µ¦™Äo
Šµœ577,ŗo
„—6HWWLQJVĜ¤»¤¤°Š¦³—´œ­»—
˜³š¸É1DYLJDWLRQ
7UDIILF
Á¨º°„„¨n°Š„µÁ‡¦ºÉ°Š®¤µ¥8VHRQOLQHWUDIILF
LQIRUPDWLRQÁ¡ºÉ°Äo577,šœ o°¤¼¨„µ¦‹¦µ‹¦
ž„˜·
™oµ„µ¦ÁºÉ°¤˜n°°·œÁš°¦rÁœÈ˜ °Š¦™ µ—®µ¥ÅžÄœ –³š¸É
577,š¶Šµœ°¥¼n o°¤¼¨„µ¦‹¦µ‹¦˜µ¤ž„˜·„È‹³š¶Šµœ
×¥°´˜Ãœ¤´˜·577,‹³Á¦·É¤š¶Šµœ°¸„‡¦´ÊŠÁ¤ºÉ°ÁºÉ°¤˜n°Á oµ
„´°·œÁš°¦rÁœÈ˜°¸„‡¦´ÊŠ®œ¹ÉŠ
„µ¦˜´ÊŠ‡nµ
಴
಴
o°¤¼¨š¸ÉÁ„¸É¥ª o°Š
o°¤¼¨„µ¦‹¦µ‹¦ÄœÁª¨µ‹¦·Š 577, œ
o°¤¼¨„µ¦‹¦µ‹¦ œ
„µ¦˜´ÊŠ‡nµ„µ¦Âœ³œ¶Á­oœšµŠ
˜³š¸É1DYLJDWLRQ
„µ¦˜´ÊŠ‡nµ­¶®¦´¨´„¬–³ °Š„µ¦Â­—Š„µ¦Âœ³œ¶
Á­oœšµŠ­µ¤µ¦™Á¨º°„Å—oš¸Éœ¸É
Á¨º°„„¨n°Š„µÁ‡¦ºÉ°Š®¤µ¥32,$ORQJ5RXWHÁ¡ºÉ°
­´ÉŠŠµœ„µ¦Â­—ŠœÂŸœš¸É
¦³—´Âœ³œ¶Á­oœšµŠ—oª¥Á­¸¥Š
„—6HWWLQJVĜ¤»¤¤°Š¦³—´œ­»—
¦µ¥„µ¦‹³™¼„Á¨º°„°´˜Ãœ¤´˜·Á¤ºÉ°Á—·œšµŠœšµŠ—nªœ
„µ¦œ¶šµŠœ™œœš¸É¤¸šµŠ˜´—Ÿnµœ˜nµŠ¦³—´
„—6HWWLQJVĜ¤»¤¤°Š¦³—´œ­»—
˜³š¸É1DYLJDWLRQ
*XLGDQFH
˜³š¸ÉÁ­¸¥ŠÂœ³œ¶Á­oœšµŠš¸É˜o°Š„µ¦
಴ 1RQHŤn¤¸„µ¦Âœ³œ¶Á­oœšµŠ—oª¥Á­¸¥Š
˜³š¸É1DYLJDWLRQ
*XLGDQFH
*XLGDQFH
಴ /RZ o°‡ªµ¤Á—¸¥ª˜n°˜¶Â®œnŠÂœ³œ¶Á­oœšµŠ
Á¨º°„„¨n°Š„µÁ‡¦ºÉ°Š®¤µ¥5DLOURDG&URVVLQJ
*XLGDQFHÁ¡ºÉ°­´ÉŠŠµœ„µ¦Â­—ŠœÂŸœš¸É
„µ¦œ¶šµŠœ™œœ­¶®¦´„µ¦¦ª¤™œœ
„—6HWWLQJVĜ¤»¤¤°Š¦³—´œ­»—
಴ 0RGHUDWH­¼Š­»— o°‡ªµ¤˜n°˜¶Â®œnŠ
˜³š¸É1DYLJDWLRQ
°´˜Ãœ¤´˜·Â˜n­µ¤µ¦™¦o°Š °„µ¦Âœ³œ¶Á­oœšµŠ
—oª¥Á­¸¥Šž{‹‹»´œÅ—oĜÂ¤œœª¨®œ¹ÉŠ‡¦´ÊŠ
œ³œ¶Á­oœšµŠ¡¦o°¤ o°¤¼¨Â‹¶„´—
಴ )XOO­¼Š­»— o°‡ªµ¤˜n°˜¶Â®œnŠÂœ³œ¶Á­oœ
*XLGDQFH
Á¨º°„„¨n°Š„µÁ‡¦ºÉ°Š®¤µ¥0HUJLQJSRLQW
JXLGDQFHÁ¡ºÉ°­´ÉŠŠµœ„µ¦Â­—ŠœÂŸœš¸É
šµŠÂ¨³ o°¤¼¨š´ÊŠ®¤—š¸É¤¸°¥¼n
­™µœš¸Éœnµ­œÄ‹ 3RLQWRI,QWHUHVW32, ĜÁ­oœ
šµŠ
„—6HWWLQJVĜ¤»¤¤°Š¦³—´œ­»—
čo„´µŠ˜¨µ—
5HDO7LPH7UDIILF,QIRUPDWLRQ
``
„µ¦˜´ÊŠ‡nµ
__
„µ¦Á˜º°œšµŠÃ‡oŠ
„—6HWWLQJVĜ¤»¤¤°Š¦³—´œ­»—
˜³š¸É1DYLJDWLRQ
*XLGDQFH
o°¤¼¨ÂŸœš¸É
o°¤¼¨Á„¸É¥ª„´„µ¦°´¡Á—˜Ž°¢˜rª¦r¨³ o°¤¼¨
Ÿœš¸É‹³Â­—Š ¹Êœš¸Éœ¸É
Á¨º°„„¨n°Š„µÁ‡¦ºÉ°Š®¤µ¥&XUYHZDUQLQJÁ¡ºÉ°
­´ÉŠŠµœ„µ¦Â­—ŠœÂŸœš¸É
o°¤¼¨š¸ÉÁ„¸É¥ª o°Š
಴ 6HQVXV1DYLJDWLRQ„µ¦˜´ÊŠ‡nµ œ
಴
­™µœš¸Éœnµ­œÄ‹ 3RLQWRI,QWHUHVW32, ĜÁ­oœ
šµŠ œ
¡µ› °ŠÁ¤œ¼
6HWWLQJV
1DYLJDWLRQ
6\VWHP
o°¤¼¨ÂŸœš¸É
šµŠ¨´—Åž¥´Š„µ¦˜´ÊŠ‡nµÁ ˜¡ºÊœš¸É °ŠÂŸœš¸É¨³„µ¦
°´¡Á—˜
಴
0DS,QIRUPDWLRQz‹´—„µ¦ÂŸœš¸É °´¡Á—˜Â¨³
Á¨º°„Á ˜¡ºÊœš¸ÉÞ¦—
಴
಴
o°¤¼¨š¸ÉÁ„¸É¥ª o°Š
6HQVXV1DYLJDWLRQ„µ¦˜´ÊŠ‡nµ œ
„µ¦°´¡Á—˜ o°¤¼¨ÂŸœš¸É—oª¥0DS&DUH œ
o ° ¤¼ ¨ Á„¸n ¥ª„´  Ÿœ š¸n ¨³¦³
o°¤¼¨Á„¸É¥ª„´ÂŸœš¸É¨³¦³
„µ¦°´¡Á—˜ o°¤¼¨ÂŸœš¸É—oª¥0DS&DUH
0DS&DUHÁž}œ¦·„µ¦°´¡Á—˜ÂŸœš¸É­¶®¦´¦™ª°¨Ãªn
š¸É˜·—˜´ÊŠ6HQVXV1DYLJDWLRQ o°¤¼¨ÂŸœš¸É­µ¤µ¦™
°´¡Á—˜ŸnµœšµŠ°·œÁš°¦rÁœÈ˜Å—o
°o ¤¼¨š´ÉªÅžÁ„¸É¥ª„´„µ¦°´¡Á—˜
„µ¦°´¡Á—˜­µ¤µ¦™š¶Å—o„´¦™Ã—¥˜¦ŠÃ—¥Äo„µ¦ÁºÉ°¤
˜n° °ŠÃš¦«´¡šr¤º°™º°®¦º°ŸnµœÁ‡¦ºÉ°Š‡°¤¡·ªÁ˜°¦r×¥
čo®œnª¥‡ªµ¤‹¶86%
Ÿœš¸É °Š¦™‹³ÂnŠ°°„Áž}œ‹¶œªœÁ ˜¡ºÊœš¸Éš¸É„¶®œ—Ūo
¨nªŠ®œoµ –³°´¡Á—˜ °o ¤¼¨ÂŸœš¸ÉŤn‹¶Áž}œ˜o°Š°´¡Á—˜
Á ˜¡ºÊœš¸Éš´ÊŠ®¤—‡œ ´­µ¤µ¦™Á¨º°„°´¡Á—˜Å—oÁŒ¡µ³
Á ˜¡ºÊœš¸Éš¸É˜o°Š„µ¦Á¡¸¥Š®œ¹ÉŠÁ ˜®¦º°¤µ„„ªnµ
Á ˜¡ºÊœš¸ÉÁ ˜Ä—Á ˜®œ¹ÉŠ®¦º°®¨µ¥Á ˜­µ¤µ¦™°´¡Á—˜
ŸnµœšµŠ„µ¦ÁºÉ°¤˜n°°·œÁš°¦rÁœÈ˜ °Š¦™Å—o®µ„˜o°Š„µ¦
°´¡Á—˜Á ˜¡ºÊœš¸É®¨µ¥ÇÁ ˜®¦º°°´¡Á—˜ÂŸœš¸š´ÊŠ®¤—
o°¤¼¨ÂŸœš¸É‹³¤¸ œµ—š¸ÉÄ®n¤µ„—´Šœ´Êœ‹³Áž}œ„µ¦Šnµ¥
„ªnµš¸Éš¶„µ¦°´¡Á—‹ŸnµœšµŠ‡°¤¡·ªÁ˜°¦rץčo®œnª¥
‡ªµ¤‹¶86%
®¤µ¥Á®˜»
™oµ„¶®œ—„µ¦Á—·œšµŠ‡¦°‡¨»¤¡ºÊœš¸ÉĜ®¨µ¥
£¼¤·£µ‡ÂŸœš¸É °Š£¼¤·£µ‡Á®¨nµœ´Êœ‹³˜o°Š¤¸
®¤µ¥Á¨ Áª°¦r´ÉœÁ—¸¥ª„´œÅ¤nÁnœœ´ÊœÂ¨oªÁ­oœšµŠš¸É
‡¶œª–Å—o°µ‹¦ª¤­nªœ °Š™œœš¸ÅÉ ¤nŗo‡µ—Ūoŗo
„µ¦°´¡Á—˜Ã‡¦Š­¦oµŠÂŸœš¸É
µŠ‡¦´ÊŠÃ‡¦Š­¦oµŠÂŸœš¸É°µ‹¤¸„µ¦Áž¨¸É¥œÂž¨ŠŽ¹ÉŠ‹³
Á„·— ¹ÊœÁ¤ºÉ°¤¸„µ¦Á¡·É¤Á ˜¡ºÊœš¸É®¦º°Á¤ºÉ°Á ˜¡ºÊœš¸Éš¸É¤¸ œµ—
Ä®n™¼„nŠ¥n°¥°°„Áž}œÁ ˜¡ºÊœš¸ÉÁ¨È„Ç®µ„Á„·—„¦–¸
—´Š„¨nµª ¹Êœ„µ¦¡¥µ¥µ¤°´¡Á—˜Á ˜¡ºÊœš¸É˜n¨³Á ˜Ã—¥Äo
´Êœ˜°œ˜µ¤ž„˜·‹³Å¤n­µ¤µ¦™š¶Å—o¨³‹³¤¸ o°‡ªµ¤
°„™¹Š­µÁ®˜»Â­—Š ¹Êœ
—´Šœ´Êœ‹¹Š˜o°Š˜·—˜´ÊŠÂŸœš¸Éš´ÊŠ®¤—Ä®¤n°¸„‡¦´ÊŠÂšœÃ—¥Äo
®œnª¥‡ªµ¤‹¶86%­¶®¦´ o°¤¼¨Á¡·É¤Á˜·¤Ãž¦——¼š¸É®œoµ
Á¡‹­œ´­œ»œ9ROYR&DUV VXSSRUWYROYRFDUVFRP
®¦º°˜·—˜n°˜´ªÂšœ‹¶®œnµ¥ª°¨Ãªn
„µ¦°´¡Á—˜Ž°¢˜rª¦r¦³œ¶šµŠ
œ°„Á®œº°‹µ„ o°¤¼¨ÂŸœš¸É¨oª¥´Š‹¶Áž}œ˜o°Š°´¡Á—˜
Ž°¢˜rª¦r °Š¦³œ¶šµŠ Ž¹ÉŠ¤¸„µ¦„µ¦¡´•œµ°¥nµŠ˜n°
ÁœºÉ°Š °¥¼nÁ­¤°­™µœ„µ¦–r—´Š„¨nµª‹³Á„·— ¹ÊœÁ¤ºÉ°„µ¦
°´¡Á—˜ o°¤¼¨ÂŸœš¸É¨nµ­»—Ťn­µ¤µ¦™¦°Š¦´Ž°¢˜rª¦rš¸É¤¸
°¥¼n °Š¦³œ¶šµŠÅ—oĜµŠ„¦–¸‹³¤¸ o°‡ªµ¤Â­—Š
¹ÊœÁ¡ºÉ°Â‹oŠÄ®oš¦µªnµ˜o°Šš¶„µ¦°´¡Á—˜Ž°¢˜rª¦r¦³
œ¶šµŠ„µ¦—¶Áœ·œ„µ¦œ¸Ê­µ¤µ¦™š¶Å—oš¸É˜´ªÂšœ‹¶®œnµ¥
ª°¨Ãªn
­¶®¦´ o°¤¼¨Á¡·É¤Á˜·¤Ãž¦——¼Äœ­nªœÁª°¦r´Éœ °Š
Ž°¢˜rª¦rĜ„µ¦˜´ÊŠ‡nµ¦³
„µ¦°´¡Á—˜—oª¥¦™š¸É¤¸„µ¦ÁºÉ°¤˜n°°·œÁš°¦rÁœÈ˜
®¦º°86%
­¶®¦´ o°¤¼¨Á„¸É¥ª„´ª·›¸„µ¦°´¡Á—˜ÂŸœš¸ÉÞ¦——¼Äœ­nªœ
„µ¦°´¡Á—˜ o°¤¼¨ÂŸœš¸É—oª¥¦™š¸É¤¸„µ¦ÁºÉ°¤˜n°
°·œÁš°¦rÁœÈ˜Â¨³„µ¦°´¡Á—˜ o°¤¼¨ÂŸœš¸ÉŸnµœÁ‡¦ºÉ°Š
3&¨³86%
o°¤¼¨Á„¸É¥ª„´ÂŸœš¸É¨³¦³
‡¶™µ¤š¸É™µ¤n°¥
‡¶™µ¤
‡¶˜°
‹³­µ¤µ¦™
Áž¨¸É¥œÂž¨Š
¡¨˜¢°¦r¤ °Š ŗo×¥¤¸ o°¥„ÁªoœµŠ o°˜·—˜n°
˜´ªÂšœ‹¶®œnµ¥ °Šª°¨ÃªnÁ¡ºÉ°
o°¤¼¨ÂŸœš¸É
° o°¤¼¨¨nµ­»—
Ánœ‹µ„¥»Ã¦ž
Áž}œ°Á¤¦·„µ
Á®œº°Å—o®¦º°Å¤n
„µ¦—µªœr
„µ¦°´¡Á—˜ÂŸœ
š¸ÉčoÁª¨µœµœ
ÁšnµÄ—"
ʜ¹ °¥¼n„´ œµ— °ŠÅ¢¨rŸœš¸É
¨³Âœ—rª·›—r„µ¦ÁºÉ°¤˜n°
o°¤¼¨Á„¸É¥ª„´ œµ— °Š„µ¦
°´¡Á—˜ 0% ‹³Â­—Š ¹Êœœ
®œoµ‹°
಴
‡¶™µ¤
‡¶˜°
„µ¦°´¡Á—˜¤¸
œµ—Ä®n
ÁšnµÄ—
ʜ¹ °¥¼n„´˜¨µ—Ÿœš¸É °ŠÂ˜n¨³
˜¨µ—‹³¤¸ o°¤¼¨Ã—¥¨³Á°¸¥—
Þ¦——¼š¸É®œoµÁ¡‹­œ´­œ»œ9ROYR
&DUV VXSSRUWYROYRFDUVFRP
Ťn¤¸„µ¦°´¡Á—˜
ėš¶ŠµœÁ¨¥
Œ´œ‡ª¦š¶
°¥nµŠÅ¦"
¨°ŠÅžš¸É®œoµÁ¡‹­œ´­œ»œ9ROYR
&DUV VXSSRUWYROYRFDUVFRP
®¦º°˜·—˜n°˜´ªÂšœ‹¶®œnµ¥ª°¨Ãªn
o°¤¼¨š¸ÉÁ„¸É¥ª o°Š
„µ¦°´¡Á—˜ o°¤¼¨ÂŸœš¸É—oª¥¦™š¸É¤¸„µ¦ÁºÉ°¤˜n°
°·œÁš°¦rÁœÈ˜ œ
಴
„µ¦°´¡Á—˜ o°¤¼¨ÂŸœš¸ÉŸnµœšµŠ3&¨³86%
œ
಴
„µ¦˜¦ª‹®µ o°„¡¦n°Š­¶®¦´6HQVXV
1DYLJDWLRQ œ
಴
¨· ­·š›·Í­¶®¦´„µ¦œ¶šµŠœÂŸœš¸É œ
಴
o°˜„¨Š„µ¦°œ»µ˜Äo­·š›·­¶®¦´¦³œ¶šµŠ
—oª¥ÂŸœš¸É œ
಴
„µ¦°´¡Á—˜ o°¤¼¨ÂŸœš¸É—oª¥¦™š¸É¤¸„µ¦ÁºÉ°¤˜n°
°·œÁš°¦rÁœÈ˜
Á¤ºÉ°¦™ÁºÉ°¤˜n°„´°·œÁš°¦rÁœÈ˜‹³­µ¤µ¦™°´¡Á—˜
o°¤¼¨ÂŸœš¸ŸÉ nµœšµŠ„µ¦ÁºÉ°¤˜n°°·œÁš°¦rÁœÈ˜Å—o
®¨´„„µ¦ °Š„µ¦°´¡Á—˜Â¦¸Ã¤˜
o°¤¼¨ÂŸœš¸É œ
``
o°¤¼¨Á„¸É¥ª„´ÂŸœš¸É¨³¦³
„µ¦°´¡Á—˜ o°¤¼¨ÂŸœš¸É×¥°´˜Ãœ¤´˜·
„µ¦°´¡Á—˜Ã—¥°´˜Ãœ¤´˜·­µ¤µ¦™Á¨º°„Å—oÁ¤ºÉ°Ážd—čoŠµœ
¢{Š„r´Éœ$XWR6RIWZDUH8SGDWHŪoÁšnµœ´ÊœÃž¦——¼Äœ
­nªœ„µ¦°´¡Á—˜¦³
__ ¦™‹³˜o°ŠÁºÉ°¤˜n°°¥¼n„´°·œÁš°¦rÁœÈ˜Ãž¦——¼‡¶°›·µ¥
Ĝ­nªœ„µ¦ÁºÉ°¤˜n°¦™Äœ‡¼n¤º°­¶®¦´Á‹oµ °Š¦™
„µ¦°´¡Á—˜ o°¤¼¨ÂŸœš¸É×¥°´˜Ãœ¤´˜·‹³­µ¤µ¦™
Á¨º°„Å—oÁŒ¡µ³­¶®¦´Á ˜¡ºÊœš¸É °ŠoµœÁšnµœ´Êœ™oµ
¥´ŠÅ¤nŗoÁ¨º°„Á ˜¡ºÊœš¸É °ŠoµœÅªoÄ®o„—¨¼„«¦¸Ê¨Š
Á¡ºÉ° ¥µ¥Á ˜¡ºÊœš¸É
! o°¤¼¨ÂŸœš¸É×¥¨³Á°¸¥—‹³Â­—Š ¹Êœ
˜³š¸É'RZQORDG&HQWUHĜ¤»¤¤°ŠÂ°¡¡¨·Á‡´Éœ
! °¡‹³Á¦·É¤š¶ŠµœÂ¨³˜´ªÁ¨ ‹³Â­—Š ¹ÊœÃ—¥
0DSVŽ¹ÉŠÂ­—Š‹¶œªœ °Š„µ¦°´¡Á—˜ÂŸœš¸Éš¸É¤¸
°¥¼n­¶®¦´Á ˜¡ºÊœš¸É °Šoµœš¸¦É ³»Åªo˜´ªÁ¨ ‹³
¥´Š‡ŠÂ­—Š°¥¼n‹œ„ªnµ‹³š¶„µ¦‡oœ®µ„µ¦
°´¡Á—˜‡¦´ÊŠÄ®¤n®¦º°‹œ„ªnµ‹³˜·—˜´ÊŠ„µ¦°´¡Á—˜
¨oª
„—ž»i¤0DSV
„—ž»i¤6HWDVKRPHUHJLRQ
Á¨º°„„¨n°Š„µÁ‡¦ºÉ°Š®¤µ¥­¶®¦´$XWRXSGDWH
! Á¤ºÉ°¦™ÁºÉ°¤˜n°„´°·œÁš°¦rÁœÈ˜Â¨³¤¸„µ¦°´¡Á—˜
Ÿœš¸É¡¦o°¤ÄoŠµœ¦³‹³—µªœr¨ŠÄœ¦™
×¥°´˜Ãœ¤´˜·
„—,QVWDOO¨oªÁ¨º°„&RQILUP
! „µ¦˜·—˜´ÊŠÂŸœš¸É„µ¦°´¡Á—˜ÂŸœš¸šÉ ¸ÉÁ¨º°„Ūo‹³
Á¦·É¤ ¹Êœ
­¶®¦´ o°¤¼¨Á¡·É¤Á˜·¤Ãž¦——¼š¸É®œoµÁ¡‹­œ´­œ»œ9ROYR
&DUV VXSSRUWYROYRFDUVFRP ®¦º°˜·—˜n°˜´ªÂšœ
‹¶®œnµ¥ª°¨Ãªn
಴
಴
o°¤¼¨š¸ÉÁ„¸É¥ª o°Š
„µ¦°´¡Á—˜ o°¤¼¨ÂŸœš¸É—oª¥0DS&DUH œ
„µ¦°´¡Á—˜ o°¤¼¨ÂŸœš¸ÉŸnµœšµŠ3&¨³86%
œ
o°¤¼¨Á„¸É¥ª„´ÂŸœš¸É¨³¦³
„µ¦°´¡Á—˜ o°¤¼¨ÂŸœš¸ÉŸnµœšµŠ3&¨³86%
‡»–­¤´˜·
„µ¦—µªœr o°¤¼¨ÂŸœš¸É‹µ„°·œÁš°¦rÁœÈ˜¨ŠÄœ
®œnª¥‡ªµ¤‹¶Â86%‹µ„œ´Êœ‹¹Š—µªœr‹µ„
®œnª¥‡ªµ¤‹¶Â86%Ş¥´Š¦™
¤µ˜¦“µœ86%
°¥nµŠœo°¥
„µ¦Á˜¦¸¥¤
o°„¶®œ—
¦³Å¢¨r
([W17)6
)$7 )$7
‡ªµ¤‹»
*% œµ— °ŠÅ¢¨rŸœš¸É‹³ ¹Êœ°¥¼n„´
˜¨µ—Þ¦——¼ œµ—Å¢¨rĜ­nªœ
o°¤¼¨Ã—¥¨³Á°¸¥—­¶®¦´Â˜n¨³
˜¨µ—š¸É®œoµÁ¡‹­œ´­œ»œ9ROYR
&DUV VXSSRUWYROYRFDUVFRP
˜³š¸É¨¼„«¦Á¡ºÉ° ¥µ¥Á ˜¡ºÊœš¸É
! o°¤¼¨ÂŸœš¸É×¥¨³Á°¸¥—‹³Â­—Š ¹Êœ
˜¦ª‹­°Áª°¦r´Éœ °ŠÂŸœš¸ÉĜž{‹‹»´œ
ŸœŸ´Š °Š„¦³ªœ„µ¦°´¡Á—˜ŸnµœšµŠÁ‡¦ºÉ°Š‡°¤¡·ªÁ˜°¦r
¨³®œnª¥‡ªµ¤‹¶Â86%
®œnª¥‡ªµ¤‹¶86%
®µ„˜o°Š„µ¦Äo®œnª¥‡ªµ¤‹¶Â86%Á¡ºÉ°°´¡Á—˜‹³
˜o°Š¤¸‡»–­¤´˜·—´Š˜n°Åžœ¸Ê
˜³š¸É'RZQORDG&HQWUHĜ¤»¤¤°ŠÂ°¡¡¨·Á‡´Éœ
‹—´œš¹„ o°¤¼¨ÂŸœš¸ÉŪo
``
o°¤¼¨Á„¸É¥ª„´ÂŸœš¸É¨³¦³
__ „µ¦—µªœr o°¤¼¨ÂŸœš¸É‹µ„°·œÁš°¦rÁœÈ˜¨ŠÄœ
®œnª¥‡ªµ¤‹¶Â86%
Á˜¦¸¥¤®œnª¥‡ªµ¤‹¶Â86%¨³ o°¤¼¨ÂŸœš¸Éš¸É‹—
´œš¹„ŪoÄ®o¡¦o°¤
–³ ´ ¸É™oµ„µ¦˜·—˜´ÊŠ¥´ŠÅ¤nÁ­¦È‹­·ÊœÁ¤ºÉ°žd—„µ¦š¶Šµœ
°Š¦™„µ¦°´¡Á—˜‹³š¶Šµœ˜n°Äœ„µ¦ ´ ¸É‡¦´ÊŠ™´—Åž
„µ¦°´¡Á—˜
­´ÉŠŠµœ¦³œ¶šµŠ
®œoµ‹°‹³Â­—Š ¹ÊœÁ¤ºÉ°„µ¦Ã°œŸnµœÁ­¦È‹­¤¼¦–r
Á¤ºÉ° ´Êœ˜°œœ¸Ê­—Š ¹ÊœÄ®o™°—®œnª¥‡ªµ¤‹¶Â
86%°°„
‹µ„Á‡¦ºÉ°Š‡°¤¡·ªÁ˜°¦rš¸É¤¸°·œÁš°¦rÁœÈ˜Ä®oŞš¸ÉŎ˜r
„µ¦­œ´­œ»œ °Š9ROYR&DUV
VXSSRUWYROYRFDUVFRP
ÁºÉ°¤˜n°®œnª¥‡ªµ¤‹¶86%Á oµ„´n°ŠÁ­¸¥86%
™oµ¤¸n°ŠÁ­¸¥86%­°Šn°Š®oµ¤Äon°ŠÁ­¸¥°¸„
n°Š®œ¹ÉŠ
Á¨º°„Ÿœš¸É¦»nœ¦™Â¨³¦»nœže
¦³œ¶šµŠ‹³˜¦ª‹®µ„µ¦°´¡Á—˜š¸É¤¸°¥¼n×¥
°´˜Ãœ¤´˜·Â¨³Äœ¦³®ªnµŠ„µ¦°´¡Á—˜“µœ o°¤¼¨ÂŸœ
š¸Éš´ÊŠ»—‹³¤¸„µ¦Â­—ŠÁž°¦rÁŽÈœ˜r °Š„¦³ªœ„µ¦
°´¡Á—˜š¸ÉÁ®¨º°°¥¼n ¹Êœœ‹°Â­—ŠŸ¨
! ­¶®¦´„µ¦°´¡Á—˜Á ˜¡ºÊœš¸É °ŠÂŸœš¸ÉµŠÁ ˜
„µ¦°´¡Á—˜‹³Á¦·É¤˜oœÄœš´œš¸
˜¦ª‹­°ªnµ o°¤¼¨ÂŸœš¸Éš¸É™¼„˜o°ŠÅ—o¦´„µ¦Ã°œ
™nµ¥Åž¥´Š¦™®¦º°Å¤n×¥„µ¦š¶ ´Êœ˜°œš¸É°›·µ¥Åªo
Ĝ®´ª o°˜¦ª‹­°Áª°¦r´Éœ °ŠÂŸœš¸ÉĜž{‹‹»´œ
„n°œ®œoµœ¸ÊŽÊ¶°¸„‡¦´ÊŠ
‡¨·„š¸ÉÁ ˜¡ºÊœš¸Éš¸É‹³š¶„µ¦°´¡Á—˜
! £µ¡ÂŸœš¸É¡¦o°¤—oª¥ o°¤¼¨Á„¸É¥ª„´ o°¤¼¨ÂŸœš¸É
¨nµ­»—­¶®¦´Á ˜¡ºÊœš¸Éœ´Êœ‹³Â­—Š ¹Êœ
˜¦ª‹­°ªnµÂŸœš¸ÉÁž}œÁª°¦r´Éœš¸ÉÄ®¤n„ªnµÂŸœš¸šÉ ¸É¤¸
°¥¼nĜ¦™
Á­¸¥®œnª¥‡ªµ¤‹¶Â86%Á oµ„´Á‡¦ºÉ°Š
‡°¤¡·ªÁ˜°¦r¨³—µªœr„µ¦°´¡Á—˜Åž¥´Š
®œnª¥‡ªµ¤‹¶Â86%
Áª¨µš¸ÉčoĜ„µ¦—µªœr o°¤¼¨‹³ ¹Êœ°¥¼„n ´ œµ—Å¢¨r
Ÿœš¸É¨³Âœ—rª·›—r °Š„µ¦ÁºÉ°¤˜n°
„µ¦Ã°œ¥oµ¥ o°¤¼¨ÂŸœš¸É‹µ„86%Ş¥´Š¦™
„µ¦Ã°œ¥oµ¥ o°¤¼¨°µ‹ÄoÁª¨µœµœ™¹Šœµš¸Ã—¥ ¹Êœ
°¥¼n„´ž¦·¤µ– o°¤¼¨ °ŠÂŸœš¸É„µ¦°´¡Á—˜‹³Á„·— ¹ÊœÄœ
Ĝ„µ¦Á¦·É¤„µ¦°´¡Á—˜“µœ o°¤¼¨ÂŸœš¸Éš´ÊŠ»—Ÿ¼o
čo‹³˜o°ŠÂ˜³š¸É&RQILUP®¦º°š¸É&DQFHOÁ¡ºÉ°
¥„Á¨·„„µ¦˜·—˜´ÊŠ
˜³š¸É&RQILUP„µ¦°´¡Á—˜“µœ o°¤¼¨ÂŸœš¸Éš´ÊŠ»—
‹³Á¦·É¤˜oœ ¹ÊœÂ¨³ o°¤¼¨Á„¸É¥ª„´„µ¦—¶Áœ·œ„µ¦
°´¡Á—˜‹³Â­—Š ¹Êœœ‹°Â­—ŠŸ¨­nªœ„¨µŠ
Á¦·É¤„µ¦š¶Šµœ °Š¦³ o°¤¼¨´œÁš·ŠÄ®¤n
o°¤¼¨Á„¸É¥ª„´ÂŸœš¸É¨³¦³
„µ¦ ´—‹´Š®ª³„µ¦š¶Šµœ
™oµ¤¸„µ¦ ´—‹´Š®ª³„µ¦š¶ŠµœÄœ¦³®ªnµŠ„µ¦°´¡Á—˜‹³¤¸
o°‡ªµ¤°›·µ¥Â­—Š ¹Êœœ‹°Â­—ŠŸ¨­nªœ„¨µŠ
‹³Á„·—°³Å¦ ¹Êœ
™oµ
‡¶˜°
¤¸„µ¦žd—„µ¦
š¶Šµœ °Š¦³
o°¤¼¨´œÁš·ŠÄœ
¦³®ªnµŠ„µ¦
°´¡Á—˜
„¦³ªœ„µ¦‹³®¥»—¨Š´Éª‡¦µª
¨³‹³Á¦·É¤š¶Šµœ˜n°‹µ„
˜¶Â®œnŠš¸É®¥»—¨ŠÃ—¥°´˜Ãœ¤´˜·
Á¤ºÉ°Ážd—„µ¦š¶Šµœ °Š¦³°¸„
‡¦´ÊŠÁnœÁ¤ºÉ°­˜µ¦r˜Á‡¦ºÉ°Š¥œ˜r
Áž}œ˜oœ
¤¸„µ¦—¹Š®œnª¥
‡ªµ¤‹¶Â
86%°°„„n°œš¸É
„µ¦°´¡Á—˜‹³
Á­¦È‹­¤¼¦–r
„¦³ªœ„µ¦‹³®¥»—¨Š´Éª‡¦µª
¨³‹³Á¦·É¤š¶Šµœ˜n°‹µ„
˜¶Â®œnŠš¸É®¥»—¨ŠÃ—¥°´˜Ãœ¤´˜·
Á¤ºÉ°Á­¸¥®œnª¥‡ªµ¤‹¶Â
86%Á oµ„´¦™°¸„‡¦´ÊŠ
­¶®¦´ o°¤¼¨Á¡·É¤Á˜·¤Ãž¦——¼š¸É®œoµÁ¡‹­œ´­œ»œ9ROYR
&DUV VXSSRUWYROYRFDUVFRP ®¦º°˜·—˜n°˜´ªÂšœ
‹¶®œnµ¥ª°¨Ãªn
಴
಴
o°¤¼¨š¸ÉÁ„¸É¥ª o°Š
„µ¦°´¡Á—˜ o°¤¼¨ÂŸœš¸É—oª¥0DS&DUH œ
„µ¦°´¡Á—˜ o°¤¼¨ÂŸœš¸É—oª¥¦™š¸É¤¸„µ¦ÁºÉ°¤˜n°
°·œÁš°¦rÁœÈ˜ œ
„µ¦˜¦ª‹®µ o°„¡¦n°Š­¶®¦´6HQVXV
1DYLJDWLRQ
˜´ª°¥nµŠ˜n°Åžœ¸Ê‡º°­·ÉŠš¸É°µ‹Â­—Šªnµ¦³œ¶šµŠ
Ÿ·—ž„˜·
˜¶Â®œnŠ °Š¦™œÂŸœš¸ÉŤn™¼„˜o°Š
¦³œ¶šµŠÂ­—Š˜¶Â®œnŠ °Š¦™š¸É‡ªµ¤Â¤nœ¥¶
ž¦³¤µ–Á¤˜¦
ð„µ­š¸É°µ‹Á„·—‡ªµ¤Ÿ·—¡¨µ—‹³Á¡·É¤­¼Š ¹ÊœÁ¤ºÉ° ´ ¸Éœ
™œœš¸É œµœÅž„´™œœ°¸„Á­oœ®œ¹ÉŠœ™œœš¸É‡—Á‡¸Ê¥ª
™œœš¸É¤¸®¨µ¥¦³—´Â¨³®¨´Š‹µ„š¸É ´ ¸ÉÁž}œ¦³¥³šµŠ
ń¨Ã—¥Å¤n¤¸„µ¦Á¨¸Ê¥ª
£¼Á µ­¼Š°µ‡µ¦°»Ã¤Š‡r­³¡µœ¦™Å¢šµŠ oµ¤—oµœœ
®¦º°—oµœ¨nµŠÂ¨³°ºÉœÇ°µ‹­nŠŸ¨˜n°„µ¦¦´­´µ–
ŽšÁš·¨Å¨šrŗoŽ¹ÉŠ®¤µ¥‡ªµ¤ªnµ‡ªµ¤Â¤nœ¥¶Äœ„µ¦
‡¶œª–˜¶Â®œnŠ °Š¦™°µ‹¨—¨ŠÅ—o
¦³Å¤n‡¶œª–Á­oœšµŠš¸ÉÁ¦Èªš¸É­»—­´Êœš¸É­»—
Á¤ºÉ°¤¸„µ¦‡¶œª–Á­oœšµŠ˜o°Šœ¶ž{‹‹´¥®¨µ¥°¥nµŠ¤µÄo
Á¡ºÉ°®µŸ¨¨´¡›rš¸É—¸š¸É­»—˜µ¤®¨´„„µ¦ž{‹‹´¥˜nµŠÇÁ®¨nµ
œ´ÊœÅ—o„n¦³¥³šµŠ °ŠÁ­oœšµŠ‡ªµ¤„ªoµŠ °Š™œœ
¨´„¬–³ °Š™œœ‡ªµ¤®œµÂœnœ °Š„µ¦‹¦µ‹¦Â¨³ ¸—
‹¶„´—‡ªµ¤Á¦Èª°¥nµŠÅ¦„Șµ¤‡œ ´­µ¤µ¦™Á¨º°„Á¨º°„
``
o°¤¼¨Á„¸É¥ª„´ÂŸœš¸É¨³¦³
__ Á­oœšµŠš¸É—¸„ªnµÅ—o×¥°µ«´¥ž¦³­„µ¦–r¨³‡ªµ¤
¶œµÄœ¡ºÊœš¸É
˜´ª°¥nµŠÁnœ¦³°µ‹Âœ³œ¶Ä®očo™œœš¸ÉÁ„ȝ‡nµ
ŸnµœšµŠ®¦º°Á¦º° oµ¤¢µ„Äœ –³š¸É‡œ ´°µ‹
Á¨º°„š¸É‹³®¨¸„Á¨¸É¥Š­·ÉŠÁ®¨nµœ´Êœ
—oª¥Á®˜»Ÿ¨šµŠÁš‡œ·‡¦³­µ¤µ¦™ÄoŗoÁŒ¡µ³„´
™œœÁ­oœ®¨´„Ášnµœ´ÊœÁ¤ºÉ°‡¶œª–Á­oœšµŠ­¶®¦´¦³¥³
šµŠÅ„¨
™oµšnµœÁ¨º°„Ä®o®¨¸„Á¨¸É¥Š™œœš¸ÉÁ„ȝ‡nµŸnµœšµŠÂ¨³šµŠ
—nªœ¦³‹³¡¥µ¥µ¤®¨¸„Á¨¸É¥ŠÄ®o¤µ„š¸É­»—Ášnµš¸É‹³
­µ¤µ¦™š¶Å—o¨³‹³Äo™œœÁ®¨nµœ¸ÁÊ Œ¡µ³Á¤ºÉ°Å¤n¤¸šµŠ
Á¨º°„°ºÉœš¸ÉÁ®¤µ³­¤‹¦·ŠÇÁšnµœ´Êœ
˜¶Â®œnŠ °Š¦™œÂŸœš¸ÉŤn™¼„˜o°Š®¨´Š‹µ„„µ¦
œ­nŠ
™oµ¤¸„µ¦ œ­nŠ¦™ÁnœÃ—¥Á¦º° oµ¤¢µ„®¦º°¦™Å¢®¦º°
¨´„¬–³„µ¦ œ­nŠš¸É„¸— ªµŠ„µ¦¦´­´µ–ÂŽšÁš·¨
Ũšr¦³°µ‹ÄoÁª¨µœµœ™¹Šœµš¸„n°œš¸É‹³­µ¤µ¦™
‡¶œª–˜¶Â®œnŠ °Š¦™Å—o°¥nµŠ™¼„˜o°Š
®¨´Š‹µ„„µ¦Áž¨¸É¥œ¥µŠ­´¨´„¬–r °Š¦™œ®œoµ
‹°°µ‹š¶Šµœ°¥nµŠÅ¤n™¼„˜o°ŠÅ—o
œ°„Á®œº°‹µ„˜´ª¦´­´µ–ÂŽšÁš·¨Å¨šr¨oªÁŽÈœÁŽ°¦r
‡ªµ¤Á¦Èª¦™Â¨³Å‹Ã¦­Ã‡ž„Ȥ¸­nªœnª¥Äœ„µ¦‡¶œª–
˜¶Â®œnŠÄœž{‹‹»´œÂ¨³š·«šµŠ„µ¦Á‡¨ºÉ°œš¸É °Š¦™—oª¥
®¨´Š‹µ„„µ¦˜·—˜´ÊŠ¨o°°³Å®¨n®¦º°„µ¦Áž¨¸É¥œ¦³®ªnµŠ¥µŠ
§—¼¦o°œ„´¥µŠ§—¼®œµª¦³‹¶Áž}œ˜o°ŠÁ¦¸¥œ¦¼o œµ—
°Š¨o°Ä®¤n„n°œ
—´Šœ´ÊœÁ¡ºÉ°Ä®o¦³š¶ŠµœÅ—o°¥nµŠ¤¸ž¦³­·š›·£µ¡¤µ„
š¸É­»— °Âœ³œ¶Ä®o ´¦™Åžœ™œœš¸É¤¸„µ¦¦´­´µ–
ŽšÁš·¨Å¨šrš¸É—¸ ¤¸š´«œ·ª·­´¥š¸É—¸ Ĝ¦³¥³Áª¨µ®œ¹ÉŠ
£µ¡ÂŸœš¸ÉŤn˜¦Š˜µ¤­™µœ„µ¦–r‹¦·Š
ž{‹‹´¥˜nµŠÇÁnœ„µ¦ ¥µ¥™œœ®¦º°„µ¦­¦oµŠ™œœÄ®¤n
°¥nµŠ˜n°ÁœºÉ°Š„µ¦œ¶„‘‹¦µ‹¦Ä®¤nǤµÄo°¥¼n˜¨°—
Áª¨µÂ¨³ž{‹‹´¥°ºÉœÇ®¤µ¥‡ªµ¤ªnµ“µœ o°¤¼¨ÂŸœš¸É
°µ‹Å¤n­¤¼¦–rŗoĜš»„­™µœ„µ¦–r
ÁœºÉ°Š‹µ„ o°¤¼¨ÂŸœš¸Éŗo¤¸„µ¦°´¡Á—˜Â¨³¡´•œµ°¥nµŠ
˜n°ÁœºÉ°Š‹¹Š˜o°Šš¶„µ¦˜¦ª‹­°ªnµ¤¸„µ¦°´¡Á—˜Äœ
ž{‹‹»´œ®¦º°Å¤n
­´¨´„¬–r¦™œ®œoµ‹°„¦³Ã——Åž oµŠ®œoµ®¦º°
®¤»œ
¦³°µ‹˜o°ŠÄoÁª¨µ­°Š™¹Š­µ¤ª·œµš¸Äœ„µ¦˜¦ª‹‹´
˜¶Â®œnŠÂ¨³„µ¦Á‡¨ºÉ°œš¸É °Š¦™„n°œ‹³š¸É°°„˜´ª
žd—¦³Â¨³—´Á‡¦ºÉ°Š¥œ˜r­˜µ¦r˜Á‡¦ºÉ°Š¥œ˜r°¸„‡¦´ÊŠ
˜nÄ®o‹°—°¥¼n„´š¸É­´„‡¦¼n®œ¹ÉŠ„n°œ‹³Á¦·É¤ ´ ¸É
o°¤¼¨ÂŸœš¸ÉŤn°´¡Á—˜
Þ¦——¼‡¶˜°š¸É®´ª o°™´—Åž
ŗo˜·—˜´ÊŠ o°¤¼¨ÂŸœš¸É¨nµ­»—Ūo®¦º°Å¤n
o°¤¼¨ÂŸœš¸Éŗo¦´„µ¦°´¡Á—˜Â¨³ž¦´ž¦»Š°¥¼n˜¨°—Áª¨µ
˜¦ª‹­°ªnµÁª°¦r´Éœ °ŠÂŸœš¸ÉÁž}œÁª°¦r´Éœž{‹‹»´œÂ¨³
¤¸„µ¦°´¡Á—˜¡¦o°¤ÄoŠµœ
಴
˜¦ª‹­°—oª¥¦™š¸É¤¸„µ¦ÁºÉ°¤˜n°°·œÁš°¦rÁœÈ˜—¼Äœ
­nªœ„µ¦°´¡Á—˜ o°¤¼¨ÂŸœš¸É—oª¥¦™š¸É¤¸„µ¦ÁºÉ°¤
˜n°°·œÁš°¦rÁœÈ˜
಴
˜¦ª‹­°Áª°¦r´Éœ °ŠÂŸœš¸ÄÉ œ¦™Â¨³Áž¦¸¥Áš¸¥
„´Áª°¦r´Éœš¸É¤¸Ä®oœÅŽ˜r„µ¦­œ´­œ»œ °Š9ROYR
&DUV—¼Äœ­nªœ„µ¦°´¡Á—˜ÂŸœš¸ÉŸnµœÁ‡¦ºÉ°Š3&
¨³86%
o°¤¼¨š¸ÉÁ„¸É¥ª o°Š
಴ ‡¶Âœ³œ¶°¥nµŠ¥n°­¶®¦´¦³œ¶šµŠ—oª¥ÂŸœš¸É
œ
಴
„µ¦°´¡Á—˜ o°¤¼¨ÂŸœš¸É—oª¥0DS&DUH œ
಴
„µ¦°´¡Á—˜ o°¤¼¨ÂŸœš¸É—oª¥¦™š¸É¤¸„µ¦ÁºÉ°¤˜n°
°·œÁš°¦rÁœÈ˜ œ
಴
„µ¦°´¡Á—˜ o°¤¼¨ÂŸœš¸ÉŸnµœšµŠ3&¨³86%
œ
o°¤¼¨Á„¸É¥ª„´ÂŸœš¸É¨³¦³
o°˜„¨Š„µ¦°œ»µ˜Äo­·š›·­¶®¦´¦³œ¶
šµŠ—oª¥ÂŸœš¸É
ĝ°œ»µ˜‡º° o°˜„¨Š­¶®¦´Ä®o­·š›·ÍĜ„µ¦
—¶Áœ·œ„µ¦„·‹„¦¦¤µŠ°¥nµŠ®¦º°„µ¦Äo­·š›·Íš¸Éŗo
¦´¤°‹µ„»‡‡¨°ºÉœ˜µ¤ o°„¶®œ—¨³ÁŠºÉ°œÅ
Ĝ o°˜„¨Š
(1'86(5/,&(16($*5((0(17
3/($6(5($'7+,6(1'86(5/,&(16(
$*5((0(17&$5()8//<%()25(86,1*7+(
+(5('$7$%$6(
127,&(727+(86(5
7+,6,6$/,&(16($*5((0(17$1'127$1
$*5((0(17)256$/(y%(7:((1<28$1'
+(5((8523(%9 v+(5(w )25<285&23<
2)7+(+(5(1$9,*$%/(0$3'$7$%$6(
,1&/8',1*$662&,$7('&20387(5
62)7:$5(0(',$$1'(;3/$1$725<
35,17(''2&80(17$7,2138%/,6+('%<
+(5( -2,17/<w7+('$7$%$6(w %<86,1*
7+('$7$%$6(<28$&&(37$1'$*5((72
$//7(506$1'&21',7,2162)7+,6(1'
(8/$
(QG8VHU/LFHQVH$JUHHPHQW
86(5/,&(16($*5((0(17 w$*5((0(17w ,)
<28'2127$*5((727+(7(5062)7+,6
$*5((0(17352037/<5(78517+(
'$7$%$6($/21*:,7+$//27+(5
$&&203$1<,1*,7(0672<2856833/,(5
)25$5()81'
2:1(56+,3
7KH'DWDEDVHDQGWKHFRS\ULJKWVDQGLQWHOOHFWXDO
SURSHUW\RUQHLJKERULQJULJKWVWKHUHLQDUHRZQHG
E\+(5(DQGLWVOLFHQVRUV2ZQHUVKLSRIWKHPHGLD
RQZKLFKWKH'DWDEDVHLVFRQWDLQHGLVUHWDLQHGE\
+(5(DQGRU\RXUVXSSOLHUXQWLO\RXKDYHSDLGLQ
IXOODQ\DPRXQWVGXHWR+(5(DQGRU\RXUVXSSOLHU
SXUVXDQWWRWKLV$JUHHPHQWRUVLPLODUDJUHHPHQW V
XQGHUZKLFKWKH'DWDEDVHLVSURYLGHGWR\RX
/,&(16(*5$17
+(5(JUDQWV\RXDQRQH[FOXVLYHOLFHQVHWRXVH
WKH'DWDEDVHIRU\RXUSHUVRQDOXVHRULI
DSSOLFDEOHIRUXVHLQ\RXUEXVLQHVVuLQWHUQDO
RSHUDWLRQV7KLVOLFHQVHGRHVQRWLQFOXGHWKHULJKW
WRJUDQWVXEOLFHQVHV
/,0,7$7,2162186(
7KH'DWDEDVHLVUHVWULFWHGIRUXVHLQWKHVSHFLILF
V\VWHPIRUZKLFKLWZDVFUHDWHG([FHSWWRWKH
H[WHQWH[SOLFLWO\SHUPLWWHGE\PDQGDWRU\ODZV HJ
QDWLRQDOODZVEDVHGRQWKH(XURSHDQ6RIWZDUH
'LUHFWLYH DQGWKH'DWDEDVH'LUHFWLYH
\RXPD\QRWH[WUDFWRUUHXWLOL]HVXEVWDQWLDO
SDUWVRIWKHFRQWHQWVRIWKH'DWDEDVHQRU
UHSURGXFHFRS\PRGLI\DGDSWWUDQVODWH
GLVDVVHPEOHGHFRPSLOHUHYHUVHHQJLQHHUDQ\
SRUWLRQRIWKH'DWDEDVH,I\RXZLVKWRREWDLQ
LQWHURSHUDELOLW\LQIRUPDWLRQDVPHDQWLQ WKH
QDWLRQDOODZVEDVHGRQ WKH(XURSHDQ6RIWZDUH
'LUHFWLYH\RXVKDOOJUDQW+(5(UHDVRQDEOH
RSSRUWXQLW\WRSURYLGHVDLGLQIRUPDWLRQRQ
UHDVRQDEOHWHUPVLQFOXGLQJFRVWVWREH
GHWHUPLQHGE\+(5(
7KH'DWDEDVHLQFOXGHVLQIRUPDWLRQSURYLGHGXQGHU
OLFHQVHWR+(5(IURPWKLUGSDUWLHVDQGLVVXEMHFWWR
WKHVXSSOLHUWHUPVDQGFRS\ULJKWQRWLFHVVHWIRUWK
DWWKHIROORZLQJ85/
``
o°¤¼¨Á„¸É¥ª„´ÂŸœš¸É¨³¦³
__ +HUHFRPVXSSOLHUWHUPV
75$16)(52)/,&(16(
<RXPD\QRWWUDQVIHUWKH'DWDEDVHWRWKLUGSDUWLHV
H[FHSWZKHQLQVWDOOHGLQWKHV\VWHPIRUZKLFKLW
ZDVFUHDWHGRUZKHQ\RXGRQRWUHWDLQDQ\FRS\RI
WKH'DWDEDVHDQGSURYLGHGWKDWWKHWUDQVIHUHH
DJUHHVWRDOOWHUPVDQGFRQGLWLRQVRIWKLV
$JUHHPHQWDQGFRQILUPVWKLVLQZULWLQJWR+(5(
0XOWLGLVFVHWVPD\RQO\EHWUDQVIHUUHGRUVROGDV
DFRPSOHWHVHWDVSURYLGHGE\+(5(DQGQRWDV
VXEVHWWKHUHRI
/,0,7(':$55$17<
+(5(ZDUUDQWVWKDWVXEMHFWWRWKHZDUQLQJVVHW
RXWEHORZIRUDSHULRGRIPRQWKVDIWHU
DFTXLVLWLRQRI\RXUFRS\RIWKH'DWDEDVHLWZLOO
SHUIRUPVXEVWDQWLDOO\LQDFFRUGDQFHZLWK+(5(uV
&ULWHULDIRU$FFXUDF\DQG&RPSOHWHQHVVH[LVWLQJ
RQWKHGDWH\RXDFTXLUHGWKH'DWDEDVHWKHVH
FULWHULDDUHDYDLODEOHIURP+(5(DW\RXUUHTXHVW,I
WKH'DWDEDVHGRHVQRWSHUIRUPLQDFFRUGDQFHZLWK
WKLVOLPLWHGZDUUDQW\+(5(ZLOOXVHUHDVRQDEOH
HIIRUWVWRUHSDLURUUHSODFH\RXUQRQFRQIRUPLQJ
FRS\RIWKH'DWDEDVH,IWKHVHHIIRUWVGRQRWOHDG
WRSHUIRUPDQFHRIWKH'DWDEDVHLQDFFRUGDQFH
ZLWKWKHZDUUDQWLHVVHWRXWKHUHLQ\RXZLOOKDYHWKH
RSWLRQWRHLWKHUUHFHLYHDUHDVRQDEOHUHIXQGRIWKH
SULFH\RXSDLGIRUWKH'DWDEDVHRUWRUHVFLQGWKLV
$JUHHPHQW7KLVVKDOOEH+(5(uVHQWLUHOLDELOLW\
DQG\RXUVROHUHPHG\DJDLQVW+(5(([FHSWDV
H[SUHVVO\SURYLGHGLQWKLVVHFWLRQ+(5(GRHVQRW
ZDUUDQWQRUPDNHDQ\UHSUHVHQWDWLRQVUHJDUGLQJ
WKHXVHRIUHVXOWVRIWKHXVHRIWKH'DWDEDVHLQ
WHUPVRILWVFRUUHFWQHVVDFFXUDF\UHOLDELOLW\RU
RWKHUZLVH+(5(GRHVQRWZDUUDQWWKDWWKH
'DWDEDVHLVRUZLOOEHHUURUIUHH1RRUDORUZULWWHQ
LQIRUPDWLRQRUDGYLFHSURYLGHGE\+(5(\RXU
VXSSOLHURUDQ\RWKHUSHUVRQVKDOOFUHDWHD
ZDUUDQW\RULQDQ\ZD\LQFUHDVHWKHVFRSHRIWKH
OLPLWHGZDUUDQW\GHVFULEHGDERYH7KHOLPLWHG
ZDUUDQW\VHWIRUWKLQWKLV$JUHHPHQWGRHVQRWDIIHFW
RUSUHMXGLFHDQ\VWDWXWRU\OHJDOULJKWVWKDW\RXPD\
KDYHXQGHUWKHOHJDOZDUUDQW\DJDLQVWKLGGHQ
GHIHFWV
,I\RXGLGQRWDFTXLUHWKH'DWDEDVHIURP+(5(
GLUHFWO\\RXPD\KDYHVWDWXWRU\ULJKWVDJDLQVWWKH
SHUVRQIURPZKRP\RXKDYHDFTXLUHGWKH
'DWDEDVHLQDGGLWLRQWRWKHULJKWVJUDQWHGE\
+(5(KHUHXQGHUDFFRUGLQJWRWKHODZRI\RXU
MXULVGLFWLRQ7KHDERYHZDUUDQW\RI+(5(VKDOOQRW
DIIHFWVXFKVWDWXWRU\ULJKWVDQG\RXPD\DVVHUW
VXFKULJKWVLQDGGLWLRQWRWKHZDUUDQW\ULJKWV
JUDQWHGKHUHLQ
o°¤¼¨Á„¸É¥ª„´ÂŸœš¸É¨³¦³
/,0,7$7,212)/,$%,/,7<
7KHSULFHRIWKH'DWDEDVHGRHVQRWLQFOXGHDQ\
FRQVLGHUDWLRQIRUDVVXPSWLRQRIULVNRI
FRQVHTXHQWLDOLQGLUHFWRUXQOLPLWHGGLUHFW
GDPDJHVZKLFKPD\DULVHLQFRQQHFWLRQZLWK\RXU
XVHRIWKH'DWDEDVH$FFRUGLQJO\LQQRHYHQWVKDOO
+(5(EHOLDEOHIRUDQ\FRQVHTXHQWLDORULQGLUHFW
GDPDJHVLQFOXGLQJZLWKRXWOLPLWDWLRQORVVRI
UHYHQXHGDWDRUXVHLQFXUUHGE\\RXRUDQ\WKLUG
SDUW\DULVLQJRXWRI\RXUXVHRIWKH'DWDEDVH
ZKHWKHULQDQDFWLRQLQFRQWUDFWRUWRUWRUEDVHGRQ
DZDUUDQW\HYHQLI+(5(KDVEHHQDGYLVHGRIWKH
SRVVLELOLW\RIVXFKGDPDJHV,QDQ\HYHQW+(5(uV
OLDELOLW\IRUGLUHFWGDPDJHVLVOLPLWHGWRWKHSULFHRI
\RXUFRS\RIWKH'DWDEDVH
7+(/,0,7(':$55$17<$1'/,0,7$7,212)
/,$%,/,7<6(7)257+,17+,6$*5((0(17'2
127$))(&72535(-8',&(<28567$78725<
5,*+76:+(5(<28+$9($&48,5('7+(
'$7$%$6(27+(5:,6(7+$1,17+(&2856(
2)$%86,1(66
:$51,1*6
7KH'DWDEDVHPD\FRQWDLQLQDFFXUDWHRU
LQFRPSOHWHLQIRUPDWLRQGXHWRWKHSDVVDJHRIWLPH
FKDQJLQJFLUFXPVWDQFHVVRXUFHVXVHGDQGWKH
QDWXUHRIFROOHFWLQJFRPSUHKHQVLYHJHRJUDSKLF
GDWDDQ\RIZKLFKPD\OHDGWRLQFRUUHFWUHVXOWV
7KH'DWDEDVHGRHVQRWLQFOXGHRUUHIOHFW
LQIRUPDWLRQRQLQWHUDOLDWUDYHOWLPHDQGPD\QRW
LQFOXGHQHLJKERUKRRGVDIHW\ODZHQIRUFHPHQW
HPHUJHQF\DVVLVWDQFHFRQVWUXFWLRQZRUNURDGRU
ODQHFORVXUHVURDGVORSHRUJUDGHEULGJHKHLJKW
ZHLJKWRURWKHUOLPLWVURDGFRQGLWLRQVVSHFLDO
HYHQWVGHSHQGLQJRQWKHQDYLJDWLRQV\VWHPEUDQG
\RXSRVVHVV
*29(51,1*/$:
7KLV$JUHHPHQWVKDOOEHJRYHUQHGE\WKHODZVRI
WKHMXULVGLFWLRQLQZKLFK\RXUHVLGHDWWKHGDWHRI
DFTXLVLWLRQRIWKH'DWDEDVH6KRXOG\RXDWWKDW
PRPHQWUHVLGHRXWVLGHWKH(XURSHDQ8QLRQRU
6ZLW]HUODQGWKHODZRIWKHMXULVGLFWLRQZLWKLQWKH
(XURSHDQ8QLRQRU6ZLW]HUODQGZKHUH\RX
DFTXLUHGWKH'DWDEDVHVKDOODSSO\,QDOORWKHU
FDVHVRULIWKHMXULVGLFWLRQZKHUH\RXDFTXLUHGWKH
'DWDEDVHFDQQRWEHGHILQHGWKHODZVRIWKH
1HWKHUODQGVVKDOODSSO\7KHFRXUWVFRPSHWHQWDW
\RXUSODFHRIUHVLGHQFHDWWKHWLPH\RXDFTXLUHG
WKH'DWDEDVHVKDOOKDYHMXULVGLFWLRQRYHUDQ\
GLVSXWHDULVLQJRXWRIRUUHODWLQJWRWKLV
$JUHHPHQWZLWKRXWSUHMXGLFHWR+(5(uULJKWWR
EULQJFODLPVDW\RXUWKHQFXUUHQWSODFHRI
UHVLGHQFH
o°¤¼¨š¸ÉÁ„¸É¥ª o°Š
಴ „µ¦°´¡Á—˜ o°¤¼¨ÂŸœš¸É—oª¥0DS&DUH œ
಴
¨· ­·š›·­Í ¶®¦´„µ¦œ¶šµŠœÂŸœš¸É œ
o°¤¼¨Á„¸É¥ª„´ÂŸœš¸É¨³¦³
¨· ­·š›·Í­¶®¦´„µ¦œ¶šµŠœÂŸœš¸É
­¶®¦´ o°¤¼¨Á„¸É¥ª„´¨· ­·š›·Í ‚&RS\ULJKW Þ¦——¼
Ĝ­nªœ o°˜„¨Š„µ¦°œ»µ˜Äo­·š›·­¶®¦´¦³œ¶
šµŠ—oª¥ÂŸœš¸É
o°¤¼¨š¸ÉÁ„¸É¥ª o°Š
಴ „µ¦°´¡Á—˜ o°¤¼¨ÂŸœš¸É—oª¥0DS&DUH œ
಴
o°˜„¨Š„µ¦°œ»µ˜Äo­·š›·­¶®¦´¦³œ¶šµŠ
—oª¥ÂŸœš¸É œ
—´œ¸
„
—´œ¸
‡¶Âœ³œ¶
‡¶Âœ³œ¶—nªœ
„µ¦‡ª‡»¤Á­¸¥Š „µ¦˜´ÊŠ‡nµ „µ¦‹¦µ‹¦˜·— ´—ÄœÁ­oœšµŠ
„µ¦Á—·œšµŠ °Š¦™ „µ¦˜´ÊŠ‡nµ
˜´ªÁ¨º°„Ÿœš¸É „µ¦Ážd—čoŠµœ¦³
„¶®œ—„µ¦Á—·œšµŠÂ¨³Á­oœšµŠšµŠÁ¨º°„ o°¤¼¨„µ¦‹¦µ‹¦
„¦³‹µ¥ o°¤¼¨ o°¤¼¨„µ¦‹¦µ‹¦ÄœÁª¨µ‹¦·Š 577, ¤»¤¤°ŠÂŸœš¸É
‹
¨
‹»—œ¶šµŠÄœ„¶®œ—„µ¦Á—·œšµŠ
¨· ­·š›·Í
‹»—®¤µ¥ž¨µ¥šµŠ
˜
˜´ÊŠ‡nµ‹»—®¤µ¥ž¨µ¥šµŠ o°˜„¨Š¨· ­·š›·Í ¤
­
­™µœš¸É
˜´ªÁ¨º°„Ÿœš¸É
­´¨´„¬–r ­™µœš¸Éœnµ­œÄ‹ 32, ˜´ªÁ¨º°„¦³‡¶Âœ³œ¶ ­´¨´„¬–r
­™µœš¸É
š
šµŠÁ¸É¥Š °
°´¡Á—˜ o°¤¼¨ÂŸœš¸É ‡

‡¶™µ¤Â¨³‡¶˜°
´˜¦ o°¤¼¨ 3
32,ĜÁ­oœšµŠ —´œ¸
6
6HQGWR&DU ­nŠÅž¥´Š¦™ TP 22785 (Thai), AT 1646, MY17, Printed in Sweden, Göteborg 2016, Copyright © 2000-2016 Volvo Car Corporation
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertising