Desa CFN1000BT Wall Heaters Owner manual

Desa CFN1000BT Wall Heaters Owner manual
BLUE FLAME
VENT-FREE NATURAL GAS HEATER
OWNER’S OPERATION AND INSTALLATION
MANUAL
®
10,000 BTU/HR THERMOSTATICALLY-CONTROLLED MODELS
WARNING: If the information in this manual is not followed exactly, a fire or explosion may result
causing property damage, personal injury, or loss of life.
—
Do not store or use gasoline or other flammable vapors and liquids in the vicinity of this or
any other appliance.
—
WHAT TO DO IF YOU SMELL GAS
• Do not try to light any appliance.
• Do not touch any electrical switch; do not use any phone in your building.
• Immediately call your gas supplier from a neighbor’s phone. Follow the gas supplier’s
instructions.
• If you cannot reach your gas supplier, call the fire department.
—
Installation and service must be performed by a qualified installer, service agency, or the
gas supplier.
WARNING: This is an unvented gas-fired heater. It uses air (oxygen) from the room in which it is
installed. Provisions for adequate combustion must be provided. Refer to page 3 of this manual.
This appliance may be installed in an aftermarket* manufactured (mobile) home, where not
prohibited by state or local codes.
* Aftermarket: Completion of sale, not for purpose of resale, from the manufacturer
This appliance is only for use with the type of gas indicated on the rating plate. This appliance is
not convertible for use with other gases.
Save this manual for future reference.
BLUE FLAME 10,000 BTU
NATURAL GAS HEATER
SAFETY
INFORMATION
WARNINGS
IMPORTANT: Read this owner’s
manual carefully and completely
before trying to assemble, operate, or service this heater. Improper use of this heater can
cause serious injury or death from
burns, fire, explosion, and carbon monoxide poisoning.
DANGER: Carbon monoxide
poisoning may lead to death!
Carbon Monoxide Poisoning: Early
signs of carbon monoxide poisoning resemble the flu, with headaches, dizziness,
and/or nausea. If you have these signs, the
heater may not be working properly. Get
fresh air at once! Have heater serviced.
Some people are more affected by carbon
monoxide than others. These include pregnant women, people with heart or lung disease or anemia, those under the influence of
alcohol, and those at high altitudes.
Natural Gas: Natural gas is odorless. An
odor-making agent is added to natural gas.
The odor helps you detect a natural gas leak.
However, the odor added to natural gas can
fade. Natural gas may be present even though
no odor exists.
Make certain you read and understand all
Warnings. Keep this manual for reference.
It is your guide to safe and proper operation
of this heater.
WARNING: Any change to this
heater or its controls can be dangerous.
1.
This appliance is only for use with the
type of gas indicated on the rating plate.
This appliance is not convertible for use
with other gases.
2. If you smell gas
• shut off gas supply
• do not try to light any appliance
• do not touch any electrical switch;
do not use any phone in your building
• immediately call your gas supplier
from a neighbor’s phone. Follow the
gas supplier’s instructions
• if you cannot reach your gas supplier,
call the fire department
3. Heater shall not be installed in a bathroom.
4. Never install the heater
• in a recreational vehicle
• where curtains, furniture, clothing, or
other flammable objects are less than
36 inches from the front, top, or sides
of the heater
• as a fireplace insert
• in high traffic areas
• in windy or drafty areas
5. This heater needs fresh, outside air ventilation to run properly. This heater has
an oxygen depletion sensor (ODS) pilot light safety system. The ODS shuts
down the heater if not enough fresh air
is available. See Air for Combustion
and Ventilation, pages 3 through 5.
6. Keep all air openings in front and bottom of heater clear and free of debris.
This will insure enough air for proper
combustion.
7. If heater shuts off, do not relight until
you provide fresh, outside air. If heater
keeps shutting off, have it serviced.
8. Do not run heater
• where flammable liquids or vapors
are used or stored
• under dusty conditions
9. Never place any objects on the heater.
10. Surface of heater becomes very hot
when running heater. Keep children and
adults away from hot surface to avoid
burns or clothing ignition. Heater will
remain hot for a time after shutdown.
Allow surface to cool before touching.
2
11. Carefully supervise young children
when they are in same room with
heater.
12. Make sure grill guard is in place before running heater.
13. Do not use heater if any part has been
under water. Immediately call a qualified service technician to inspect the
room heater and to replace any part of
the control system and any gas control
which has been under water.
14. Turn off heater and let cool before servicing. Only a qualified service person
should service and repair heater.
15. Operating heater above elevations of
4,500 feet could cause pilot outage.
102392
OWNER’S MANUAL
PRODUCT
IDENTIFICATION
AIR FOR
COMBUSTION AND
VENTILATION
Ignitor Button
Control Knob
Grill
Guard
Glass
Panel
Heater
Cabinet
Front
Panel
Figure 1 - Vent-Free Natural Gas Heater
LOCAL CODES
Install and use heater with care. Follow all
local codes. In the absence of local codes,
use the latest edition of The National Fuel
Gas Code ANSI Z223.1 also known as NFPA
54*.
*Available from:
American National Standards Institute, Inc.
1430 Broadway
New York, NY 10018
National Fire Protection Association, Inc.
Batterymarch Park
Quincy, MA 02269
PRODUCT
FEATURES
SAFETY PILOT
This heater has a pilot with an Oxygen
Depletion Sensor Shutoff System (ODS).
The ODS/pilot is a required feature for ventfree room heaters. The ODS/pilot shuts off
the heater if there is not enough fresh air.
PIEZO IGNITION SYSTEM
This heater has a piezo ignitor. This system
requires no matches, batteries, or other
sources to light heater.
WARNING: This heater shall
not be installed in a confined
space unless provisions are provided for adequate combustion
and ventilation air. Read the following instructions to insure
proper fresh air for this and other
fuel-burning appliances in your
home.
Today’s homes are built more energy efficient than ever. New materials, increased
insulation, and new construction methods
help reduce heat loss in homes. Home owners weather strip and caulk around windows
and doors to keep the cold air out and the
warm air in. During heating months, home
owners want their homes as airtight as possible.
While it is good to make your home energy
efficient, your home needs to breathe. Fresh
air must enter your home. All fuel-burning
appliances need fresh air for proper combustion and ventilation.
Exhaust fans, fireplaces, clothes dryers, and
fuel burning appliances draw air from the
house to operate. You must provide adequate fresh air for these appliances. This
will insure proper venting of vented fuelburning appliances.
PROVIDING ADEQUATE
VENTILATION
The following is exerpts from National Fuel
Gas Code. NFPA 54/ANSI Z223.1, Section
5.3, Air for Combustion and Ventilation.
All spaces in homes fall into one of the three
following ventilation classifications:
UNPACKING
1. Unusually Tight Contruction; 2. Unconfined Space; 3. Confined Space.
1.
2.
The information on pages 4 and 5 will help
you classify your space and provide adequate ventilation.
3.
Remove heater from carton.
Remove all protective packaging applied to heater for shipment.
Check heater for any shipping damage.
If heater is damaged, promptly inform
dealer where you bought heater.
102392
3
BLUE FLAME 10,000 BTU
NATURAL GAS HEATER
AIR FOR
COMBUSTION AND
VENTILATION
Continued
Unusually Tight Construction
The air that leaks around doors and windows may provide enough fresh air for
combustion and ventilation. However, in
buildings of unusually tight construction,
you must provide additional fresh air.
Unusually tight construction is
defined as construction where:
a. walls and ceilings exposed to
the outside atmosphere have
a continuous water vapor
retarder with a rating of one
perm (6x10-11 kg per pa-secm2) or less with openings
gasketed or sealed and
b. weather stripping has been
added on openable windows
and doors and
c. caulking or sealants are applied to areas such as joints
around window and door
frames, between sole plates
and floors, between wall-ceiling joints, between wall panels, at penetrations for plumbing, electrical, and gas lines,
and at other openings.
If your home meets all of the three
criteria above, you must provide
additional fresh air. See Ventilation
Air From Outdoors, page 5.
If your home does not meet all of
the three criteria above, proceed to
Determining Fresh-Air flow For
Heater Location.
Confined and Unconfined Space
The National Fuel Gas Code (ANSIZ2123.1,
1992 Section 5.3) defines a confined space
as a space whose volume is less than 50
cubic feet per 1,000 Btu per hour (4.8 m3 per
kw) of the aggregate input rating of all
appliances installed in that space and an
unconfined space as a space whose volume
is not less than 50 cubic feet per 1,000 Btu
per hour (4.8 m3 per kw) of the aggregate
input rating of all appliances installed in that
space. Rooms communicating directly with
the space in which the appliances are in-
stalled*, through openings not furnished
with doors, are considered a part of the
unconfined space.
* Adjoining rooms are communicating only
if there are doorless passageways or ventilation grills between them.
DETERMINING FRESH-AIR
FLOW FOR HEATER
LOCATION
Determining if You Have a
Confined or Unconfined Space
Use this worksheet to determine if you have
a confined or unconfined space.
Space: Includes the room in which you
will install heater plus any adjoining rooms
with doorless passageways or ventilation
grills between the rooms.
1. Determine the volume of the space
(length x width x height).
Length x Width x Height =
______ cu. ft. (volume of space)
Example: Space size
18 ft. (length) x 16 ft. (width) x 8 ft.
(ceiling height) =
2304 cu. ft. (volume of space)
If additional ventilation to adjoining
room is supplied with grills or openings, add the volume of these rooms to
the total volume of the space.
2. Divide the space volume by 50 cubic
feet to determine the maximum Btu/
Hr the space can support.
_____ (volume of space) ÷ 50 cu. ft. =
(Maximum Btu/Hr the space can support)
Example: 2304 cu. ft. (volume of
space) ÷ 50 cu. ft. = 46.1 or 46,100
(maximum Btu/Hr the space can support)
3. Add the Btu/Hr of all fuel burning appliances in the space.
Vent-free heater _________ Btu/Hr
Gas water heater* ________ Btu/Hr
Gas furnace ____________ Btu/Hr
Vented gas heater ________ Btu/Hr
Gas fireplace logs ________ Btu/Hr
Other gas
appliances* + ___________ Btu/Hr
Total = ________________ Btu/Hr
4
4.
Example: Gas water heater
40,000 Btu/Hr
Vent-free heater + 10,000 Btu/Hr
Total
= 50,000 Btu/Hr
* Do not include direct-vent gas appliances. Direct-vent draws combustion
air from the outdoors and vents to the
outdoors.
Compare the maximum Btu/Hr the
space can support with the actual
amount of Btu/Hr used.
__________ Btu/Hr (maximum the
space can support)
__________ Btu/Hr (actual amount of
Btu/Hr used)
Example: 46,100 Btu/Hr (maximum
the space can support)
50,000 Btu/Hr (actual
amount of Btu/Hr used)
The space in the above example is a confined space because the actual Btu/Hr used
is more than the maximum Btu/Hr the space
can support. You must provide additional
fresh air. Your options are as follows:
A. Rework worksheet, adding the space of
an adjoining room. If the extra space
provides an unconfined space, remove
door to adjoining room or add ventilation grills between rooms. See Ventilation Air From Inside Building, page 5.
B. Vent room directly to the outdoors. See
Ventilation Air From Outdoors, page 5.
C. Install a lower Btu/Hr heater, if lower
Btu/Hr size makes room unconfined.
If the actual Btu/Hr used is less than the
maximum Btu/Hr the space can support, the
space is an unconfined space. You will need
no additional fresh air ventilation.
WARNING: If the area in which
the heater may be operated is
smaller than that defined as an
unconfined space, provide adequate combustion and ventilation air by one of the methods
described in the National Fuel
Gas Code, ANSI Z223.1, 1992,
Section 5.3 or applicable local
codes.
Continued
102392
OWNER’S MANUAL
AIR FOR
COMBUSTION AND
VENTILATION
12"
Continued
VENTILATION AIR
Ventilation Air From Inside
Building
This fresh air would come from an adjoining
unconfined space. When ventilating to an
adjoining unconfined space, you must provide two permanent openings: one within
12" of the ceiling and one within 12" of the
floor on the wall connecting the two spaces
(see options 1 and 2, Figure 2). You can also
remove door into adjoining room (see option 3, Figure 2). Follow the National Fuel
Gas Code NFPA 54/ANSI Z223.1, Section
5.3, Air for Combustion and Ventilation for
required size of ventilation grills or ducts.
WARNING: Rework worksheet, adding the space of the
adjoining unconfined space. The
combined spaces must have
enough fresh air to supply all
appliances in both spaces.
Ventilation Air From Outdoors
Provide extra fresh air by using ventilation
grills or ducts. You must provide two permanent openings: one within 12" of the
ceiling and one within 12" of the floor.
Connect these items directly to the outdoors
or spaces open to the outdoors. These spaces
include attics and crawl spaces. Follow the
National Fuel Gas Code NFPA 54/ANSI
Z223.1, Section 5.3, Air for Combustion and
Ventilation for required size of ventilation
grills or ducts.
Ventilation
Grills
into Adjoining
Room,
Option 1
Ventilation Grills
Into Adjoining Room,
Option 2
Or
Remove
Door into
Adjoining
Room,
Option 3
12"
Figure 2 - Ventilation Air from Inside Building
IMPORTANT: Do not provide openings for inlet or outlet air into attic if attic has a
thermostat-controlled power vent. Heated air entering the attic will activate the power vent.
Outlet
Air
Ventilated
Attic
Outlet
Air
To Attic
To
Crawl
Space
Inlet
Air
Inlet Air
Figure 3 - Ventilation Air from Outdoors
102392
5
Ventilated
Crawl Space
BLUE FLAME 10,000 BTU
NATURAL GAS HEATER
NOTICE: A qualified service person must install heater. Follow
all local codes.
CHECK GAS TYPE
Use only natural gas. If your gas supply is
not natural, do not install heater. Call dealer
where you bought heater for proper type
heater.
INSTALLATION ITEMS
Before installing heater, make sure you have
the items listed below:
• piping (check local codes)
• sealant (resistant to propane/LP gas)
• manual shutoff valve *
• ground joint union
• test gauge connection * (see Figure
12, page 8)
• sediment trap
• tee joint
• pipe wrench
* An A.G.A. design-certified manual shutoff
valve with 1/8" NPT tap is an acceptable
alternative to test gauge connection. Purchase the optional A.G.A. design-certified
manual shutoff valve from your dealer. See
Accessory, page 15.
CEILING
LOCATING HEATER
This heater is designed to be mounted on a
wall.
WARNING: Maintain the minimum clearances shown in Figure
4. If you can, provide greater clearances from floor, ceiling, and joining wall.
36"
Minimum
6"
Minimum
From
Sides Of
Heater
WARNING: Never install the
heater
• in a bathroom
• in a recreational vehicle
• where curtains, furniture,
clothing, or other flammable
objects are less than 36 inches
from the front, top, or sides of
the heater
• as a fireplace insert
• in high traffic areas
• in windy or drafty areas
CAUTION: This heater creates warm air currents. These
currents move heat to wall surfaces next to heater. Installing
heater next to vinyl or cloth wall
coverings or operating heater
where impurities in the air (such
as tobacco smoke) exist, may
discolor walls.
IMPORTANT: Vent-free heaters add moisture to the air. Although this is beneficial,
installing heater in rooms without enough
ventilation air may cause mildew to form
from too much moisture. See Air for Combustion and Ventilation, pages 3 through 5.
FLOOR
For convenience and efficiency, install heater
• where there is easy access for operation, inspection, and service
• in coldest part of room
6
3" Minimum
Minimum To
T
Of Carpeti
Top
Surface
Combustib
Of Carpeting,
Tile Or Other
Combustible
Material
Figure 4 - Mounting Clearances As Viewed
From Front of Heater
THERMOSTAT SENSING
BULB
The thermostat sensing bulb is located inside the heater. Do not move this bulb during installation or operation of the heater.
INSTALLING HEATER TO
WALL
Marking Screw Locations
1.
Determine where you will locate heater.
WARNING: Maintain minimum
clearances shown in Figure 5. If
you can, provide greater clearances from floor and joining wall.
2.
Mark two mounting screw locations on
wall (see Figure 5).
CAUTION: If you install the
heater in a home garage
• heater pilot and burner must
be at least 18 inches above
floor
• locate heater where moving vehicle will not hit it
Right
Side
Left
Side
JOINING WALL
INSTALLING TO
WALL
8 7/8"
Minimum To
Maintain 6"
Clearance
From Wall
7 3/4"
Mounting
20 1/4"
Screw
Minimum To
Locations Maintain 3"
Clearance
From Floor
FLOOR
Figure 5 - Mounting Screw Locations
Continued
102392
OWNER’S MANUAL
INSTALLING TO
WALL
5.
Tighten two screws until 1/16" space
(thickness of penny) is between
screwheads and wall (see Figure 8).
Continued
Thin or
Thick Wall
(thick wall
shown)
Installing Two Mounting Screws
Note: Wall anchors and mounting screws
are in hardware package. The hardware package is provided with heater.
1/16"
Space
Attaching to wall stud method
For attaching mounting screw to wall stud
1. Drill hole at marked location using
9/64" drill bit.
2. Insert mounting screw into wall stud.
3. Tighten screw until 1/16" space (thickness of penny) is between screwhead
and wall.
Attaching to wall anchor
method
Follow instructions below to attach mounting screws to hollow walls (wall areas between studs) or solid walls (concrete or
masonry).
1. Drill holes at marked locations using
5/16" drill bit. For solid walls (concrete
or masonry), drill at least 1 1/4" deep.
2. Fold wall anchor (see Figure 6).
Installing Bottom Mounting
Screw
1.
2.
3.
4.
Solid
Wall
ANCHOR
Figure 8 - Tightening Anchors
Placing Heater On Mounting
Screws
1.
2.
Locate two keyhole slots on back panel
of heater (see Figure 9).
Place large openings of slots over
screwheads. Slide heater down until
screws are in small portion of slots.
5.
6.
7.
Locate bottom mounting hole. This
hole is near bottom on back panel of
heater (see Figure 11).
Mark screw location on wall.
Remove heater from wall.
If installing bottom mounting screw
into hollow or solid wall, install wall
anchor. Follow steps 1 through 5 under
Attaching To Wall Anchor Method.
If installing bottom mounting screw
into wall stud, drill hole at marked location using 9/64" drill bit.
Replace heater on wall.
Insert bottom anchor screw through
back panel into bottom anchor or drilled
hole (see Figure 11).
Tighten screw until heater is firmly secured to wall. Do not over tighten.
Note: Do not replace front panel at this
time. Replace front panel after making
gas connections and checking for leaks
(see pages 8 and 9).
Keyhole Slots
Figure 9 - Location Of Keyhole Slots On
Back Panel Of Heater
Removing Front Panel Of Heater
1.
2.
Figure 6 - Folding Anchor
3.
4.
Insert wall anchor (wings first) into
hole. Tap anchor flush to wall.
For thin walls (1/2" or less), insert red
key into wall anchor. Push red key to
“pop” open anchor wings (see Figure
7). IMPORTANT: Do not hammer key!
For thick walls (over 1/2" thick) or solid
walls, do not pop open wings.
3.
Remove two screws near bottom corners of front panel.
Lift straight up on grill guard until it
stops. Grill guard will slide up about
1/4".
Pull bottom of front panel forward, then
down.
Thin Walls
(1/4" to 1/2"
thick)
Figure 7 - Popping Open Anchor Wings
For Thin Walls
102392
Figure 10 - Removing Front Panel Of
Heater
7
Figure 11 - Installing Bottom Mounting
Screw
BLUE FLAME 10,000 BTU
NATURAL GAS HEATER
CONNECTING TO
GAS
SUPPLY
IMPORTANT: Hold pressure regulator with wrench when connecting it to gas piping and/
or fittings.
NOTICE: A qualified service person must connect heater to gas
supply. Follow all local codes.
WARNING: Never connect
heater to private (non-utility) gas
wells. This gas is commonly
known as wellhead gas.
IMPORTANT: Check gas line pressure
before connecting heater to gas line. Gas
line pressure must be no greater than 14
inches of water. If gas line pressure is higher,
heater regulator damage could occur.
CAUTION: Use only new,
black iron or steel pipe. Internallytinned copper tubing may be used
in certain areas. Check your local
codes. Use pipe 3/8" diameter or
greater to allow proper gas volume to heater. If pipe is too small,
undue loss of pressure will occur.
Installation must include a manual shutoff
valve, ground joint union, and plugged
1/8" NPT tap. Locate NPT tap within reach
for test gauge hook up. NPT tap must be
upstream from heater (see Figure 12).
Pressure
Regulator
3/8" NPT
Pipe Nipple
Heater
Cabinet
Ground Joint Union
Tee Joint
Manual
Shutoff Valve *
From
External
Regulator
(4" W.C. to
10.5" W.C.
Pressure)
Reducer
Bushing to
1/8" NPT
Test
Gauge
Connection *
1/8" NPT
Plug Tap
3" Minimum
Tee
Joint
Pipe
Nipple
Sediment Trap
Cap
* An A.G.A. design certified manual shutoff valve with 1/8" NPT tap is an acceptable
alternative to test gauge connection. Purchase the optional A.G.A. design certified manual
shutoff valve from your dealer. See Accessory, page 15.
Figure 12 - Gas Connection
Apply pipe joint sealant lightly to male
threads. This will prevent excess sealant
from going into pipe. Excess sealant in pipe
could result in clogged heater valves.
CAUTION: Use pipe joint sealant that is resistant to liquid petroleum (LP) gas.
Install sediment trap (trap) in supply line as
shown in Figure 12. Locate sediment trap
where it is within reach for cleaning. Locate
sediment trap where trapped matter is not
likely to freeze. A sediment trap traps moisture and contaminants. This keeps them
from going into heater controls. If sediment
trap is not installed or is installed wrong,
heater may not run properly.
8
102392
OWNER’S MANUAL
CHECKING GAS
CONNECTIONS
WARNING: Test all gas piping and connections for leaks
after installing or servicing. Correct all leaks at once.
PRESSURE TESTING
HEATER GAS
CONNECTIONS
1.
2.
3.
WARNING: Never use an open
flame to check for a leak. Apply a
mixture of liquid soap and water
to all joints. Bubbles forming
show a leak. Correct all leaks at
once.
PRESSURE TESTING GAS
SUPPLY PIPING SYSTEM
Test Pressures In Excess Of 1/2
PSIG
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Disconnect heater and its individual
manual shutoff valve from gas supply
piping system. Pressures in excess of
1/2 psig will damage heater regulator.
Cap off open end of gas pipe where
manual shutoff valve was connected.
Pressurize supply piping system by either using compressed air or opening
main gas valve located on or near gas
meter.
Check all joints of gas supply piping
system. Apply mixture of liquid soap
and water to gas joints. Bubbles forming show a leak.
Correct all leaks at once.
Test Pressures Equal To or
Less Than 1/2 PSIG
1.
2.
3.
4.
Close manual shutoff valve (see Figure 13).
Pressurize supply piping system by either using compressed air or opening
main gas valve located on or near gas
meter.
Check all joints from gas meter to
manual shutoff valve (see Figure 14).
Apply mixture of liquid soap and water to gas joints. Bubbles forming show
a leak.
Correct all leaks at once.
102392
4.
Open manual shutoff valve (see Figure
13).
Open main gas valve located on or near
gas meter.
Make sure control knob of heater is in
the OFF position.
Check all joints from manual shutoff
valve to control valve (see Figure 14).
Apply mixture of liquid soap and water to gas joints. Bubbles forming show
a leak.
Correct all leaks at once.
Light heater (see Operating Heater,
pages 9 and 10). Check the rest of the
internal joints for leaks.
Turn off heater (see To Turn Off Gas To
Appliance, page 10).
Replace front panel.
OPERATING
HEATER
FOR YOUR SAFETY
READ BEFORE
LIGHTING
WARNING: If you do not follow these instructions exactly, a
fire or explosion may result causing property damage, personal
injury or loss of life.
A. This appliance has a pilot which must
be lighted by hand. When lighting the
pilot, follow these instructions exactly.
B. BEFORE LIGHTING smell all
around the appliance area for gas. Be
7.
sure to smell next to the floor because
some gas is heavier than air and will
8.
settle on the floor.
WHAT TO DO IF YOU SMELL
ON
Open
GAS
POSITION
Manual
• Do not try to light any appliance.
Shutoff
• Do not touch any electric switch;
Valve
do not use any phone in your building.
• Immediately call your gas supplier
from a neighbor’s phone. Follow
OFF
the gas supplier’s instructions.
POSITION
Closed
• If you cannot reach your gas supFigure 13 - Manual Shutoff Valve
plier, call the fire department.
Control
Valve
C. Use only your hand to push in or turn
Location
the gas control knob. Never use tools.
If the knob will not push in or turn
by hand, don’t try to repair it, call a
qualified service technician or gas
supplier. Force or attempted repair
Gas Meter
may result in a fire or explosion.
D. Do not use this appliance if any part
has been under water. Immediately
Manual
call a qualified service technician to
Shutoff
inspect the appliance and to replace
Valve
any part of the control system and
any gas control which has been under water.
5.
6.
Figure 14 - Checking Gas Joints
9
BLUE FLAME 10,000 BTU
NATURAL GAS HEATER
Note: If pilot does not stay lit, refer
to Troubleshooting, pages 12 through
14. Also contact a qualified service
person or gas supplier for repairs.
Until repairs are made, light pilot
with match. To light pilot with match,
see Manual Lighting Procedure.
OPERATING
HEATER
Continued
LIGHTING
INSTRUCTIONS
1.
2.
3.
STOP! Read the safety information,
column 3, page 9.
Make sure manual shutoff valve is
fully open.
Turn control knob clockwise Clockwise
to the OFF position.
Ignitor Button
Ignitor Electrode
Pilot Burner
Thermocouple
Control Knob
LO
Figure 16 - Pilot
7.
PILOT
IH
OFF
IGNITOR
Figure 15 - Control Knob In The OFF
Position
4.
5.
6.
Wait five (5) minutes to clear out any
gas. Then smell for gas, including
near the floor. If you smell gas,
STOP! Follow “B” in the safety information at the top of column 3,
page 9. If you don’t smell gas, go to
the next step.
Turn control knob counterclockwise
to the PILOT position.
C-clockwise
Press in control knob for five (5) seconds (see Figure 15).
Note: You may be running this
heater for the first time after hooking up to gas supply. If so, the control knob may need to be pressed in
for 30 seconds. This will allow air to
bleed from the gas system.
• If control knob does not pop up
when released, contact a qualified
service person or gas supplier for
repairs.
With control knob pressed in, push
down and release ignitor button. This
will light pilot. The pilot is attached
to the front of burner. The pilot can
be seen through the glass panel. If
needed, keep pressing ignitor button
until pilot lights.
8.
Keep control knob pressed in for 30
seconds after lighting pilot. After 30
seconds, release control knob.
• If control knob does not pop up
when released, contact a qualified
service person or gas supplier for
repairs.
Note: If pilot goes out, repeat steps
3 through 7. This heater has a safety
interlock system. Wait one (1) minute
before lighting pilot again.
Turn control knob counterclockwise
to desired heating level. The
C-clockwise
main burner should light. Set control
knob to any heat level between HI
and LO.
CAUTION: Do not try to adjust
heating levels by using the
manual shutoff valve.
TO TURN OFF GAS
TO APPLIANCE
THERMOSTAT
CONTROL
OPERATION
The thermostatic control used on these models differs from standard thermostats. Standard thermostats simply turn on and off the
burner. The thermostat used on this heater
senses the room temperature. The thermostat adjusts the amount of gas flow to the
burner. This increases or decreases the burner
flame height. At times the room may exceed
the set temperature. If so, the burner will
shut off. The burner will cycle back on when
room temperature drops below the set temperature. The control knob can be set to any
heat level between HI and LO. Selecting the
HI setting will cause the burner to remain
fully on without modulating down in most
cases.
Note: The thermostat sensing bulb measures the temperature of air near the heater
cabinet. This may not always agree with
room temperature (depending on housing
construction, installation location, room size,
open air temperatures, etc.). Frequent use of
your heater will let you determine your own
comfort levels.
MANUAL
LIGHTING
PROCEDURE
1.
2.
3.
4.
Shutting Off Heater
1.
2.
Turn control knob clockwise Clockwise
to the OFF position.
Turn off all electric power to the appliance if service is to be performed.
5.
Remove front panel (see Figure 10,
page 7).
Follow steps 1 through 5 under Lighting Instructions.
With control knob pressed in, strike
match. Hold match to pilot until pilot lights.
Keep control knob pressed in for 30
seconds after lighting pilot. After 30
seconds, release control knob.
Replace front panel.
Shutting Off Burner Only (pilot
stays lit)
1.
Turn control knob clockwise
to the PILOT position.
10
Clockwise
102392
OWNER’S MANUAL
BURNER FLAME PATTERN
INSPECTING
BURNER
Check pilot flame pattern and burner flame
pattern often.
PILOT FLAME PATTERN
Figure 17 shows a correct pilot flame pattern. Figure 18 shows an incorrect pilot
flame pattern. The incorrect pilot flame is
not touching the thermocouple. This will
cause the thermocouple to cool. When the
thermocouple cools, the heater will shut
down.
Figure 19 shows a correct burner flame
pattern. Figure 20 shows an incorrect burner
flame pattern. The incorrect burner flame
pattern shows yellow tipping of the flame. It
also shows the flame higher than 1/2 the
glass panel height.
WARNING: If yellow tipping
occurs, your heater could produce increased levels of carbon
monoxide. If burner flame pattern shows yellow tipping, follow
instructions at bottom of this
page.
Pilot Burner
NOTICE: Do not mistake orange
flames with yellow tipping. Dust
or other fine particles enter the
heater and burn causing brief
patches of orange flame.
Thermocouple
GOOD PILOT
GRH/OV 009
Figure 17 - Correct Pilot Flame Pattern
CLEANING AND
MAINTENANCE
WARNING: Turn off heater
and let cool before cleaning.
CAUTION: You must keep
control areas, burner, and circulating air passageways of heater
clean. Inspect these areas of
heater before each use. Have
heater inspected yearly by a qualified service person. Heater may
need more frequent cleaning due
to excessive lint from carpeting,
bedding material, etc.
ODS/PILOT AND BURNER
ORIFICE
• Use a vacuum cleaner, pressurized
air, or small, soft bristled brush to
clean.
CABINET
Pilot Burner
1/2 GLASS HEIGHT
Thermocouple
CORRECT FLAME PATTERN
AT HIGH POSITION
BAD PILOT/LP
GRH/OV 008
Figure 18 - Incorrect Pilot Flame Pattern
If pilot flame pattern is incorrect, as shown
in Figure 18
• turn heater off (see To Turn Off Gas
to Appliance, page 10)
• see Troubleshooting, pages 12
through 14
1/2 GLASS HEIGHT
INCORRECT FLAME PATTERN
AT HIGH POSITION
If burner flame pattern is incorrect, as shown
in Figure 20
• turn heater off (see To Turn Off Gas
to Appliance, page 10)
• see Troubleshooting, pages 12
through 14
11
• Use a vacuum cleaner or pressurized
air to clean.
Exterior
Figure 19 - Correct Burner Flame Pattern
Yellow
Tipping
Figure 20 - Incorrect Burner Flame Pattern
102392
Air Passageways
• Use a soft cloth dampened with a
mild soap and water mixture. Wipe
the cabinet to remove dust.
BLUE FLAME 10,000 BTU
NATURAL GAS HEATER
TROUBLESHOOTING
Note: All troubleshooting items are listed
in order of operation.
WARNING: Turn off heater
and let cool before servicing. Only
a qualified service person should
service and repair heater.
CAUTION: Never use a wire,
needle, or similar object to clean
ODS/pilot. This can damage ODS/
pilot unit.
OBSERVED PROBLEM
POSSIBLE CAUSE
REMEDY
When ignitor button is pressed, there is no
spark at ODS/pilot
1. Ignitor electrode positioned wrong
2. Ignitor electrode broken
3. Ignitor electrode not connected to ignitor cable
4. Ignitor cable pinched or wet
1. Replace ignitor
2. Replace ignitor
3. Reconnect ignitor cable
5. Piezo ignitor nut is loose
6. Broken ignitor cable
7. Bad piezo ignitor
When ignitor button is pressed, there is
spark at ODS/pilot but no ignition
1. Gas supply turned off or manual shutoff
valve closed
2. Control knob not in PILOT position
3. Control knob not pressed in while in PILOT position
4. Air in gas lines when installed
5. ODS/pilot is clogged
6. Gas regulator setting is not correct
ODS/pilot lights but flame goes out when
control knob is released
1. Control knob not fully pressed in
2. Control knob not pressed in long enough
3. Safety interlock system has been triggered
4. Manual shutoff valve not fully open
5. Thermocouple connection loose at control valve
6. Pilot flame not touching thermocouple,
which allows thermocouple to cool,
causing pilot flame to go out. This problem could be caused by one or both of
the following:
A) Low gas pressure
B) Dirty or partially clogged ODS/
pilot
7. Thermocouple damaged
8. Control valve damaged
4. Free ignitor cable if pinched by any
metal or tubing. Keep ignitor cable dry
5. Tighten nut holding piezo ignitor to
heater cabinet. Nut is located inside
heater cabinet at top
6. Replace ignitor cable
7. Replace piezo ignitor
1. Turn on gas supply or open manual
shutoff valve
2. Turn control knob to PILOT position
3. Press in control knob while in PILOT
position
4. Continue holding down control knob.
Repeat igniting operation until air is removed
5. Clean ODS/pilot (see Cleaning and
Maintenance, page 11) or replace ODS/
pilot assembly
6. Replace gas regulator
1. Press in control knob fully
2. After ODS/pilot lights, keep control
knob pressed in 30 seconds
3. Wait one minute for safety interlock system to reset. Repeat ignition operation.
4. Fully open manual shut-off valve
5. Hand tighten until snug, then tighten 1/4
turn more
6. A) Contact local natural gas company
B) Clean ODS/pilot (see Cleaning and
Maintenance, page 11) or replace ODS/
pilot assembly
7. Replace thermocouple
8. Replace control valve
Continued
12
102392
OWNER’S MANUAL
TROUBLESHOOTING
Continued
OBSERVED PROBLEM
POSSIBLE CAUSE
REMEDY
Burner does not light after ODS/pilot is lit
1. Burner orifice is clogged
1. Clean burner orifice (see Cleaning and
Maintenance, page 11) or replace burner
orifice
2. Replace burner orifice
3. Contact local natural gas company
2. Burner orifice diameter is too small
3. Inlet gas pressure is too low
Delayed ignition of burner
1. Manifold pressure is too low
2. Burner orifice is clogged
1. Contact local natural gas company
2. Clean burner orifice (see Cleaning and
Maintenance, page 11) or replace burner
orifice
Burner backfiring during combustion
1. Burner orifice is clogged or damaged
1. Clean burner orifice (see Cleaning and
Maintenance, page 11) or replace burner
orifice
2. Contact local natural gas company
3. Replace burner
4. Replace gas regulator
2. Inlet gas pressure is too low
3. Burner damaged
4. Gas regulator defective
Yellow flame during burner combustion
1. Not enough air
2. Inlet gas pressure is too low
3. Gas regulator defective
1. Check burner for dirt and debris. If
found, clean burner (see Cleaning and
Maintenance, page 11)
2. Contact local natural gas company
3. Replace gas regulator
Slight smoke or odor during initial operation
1. Residues from manufacturing processes
1. Problem will stop after a few hours of
operation
Heater produces a whistling noise when
burner is lit
1. Turning control knob to HI position
when burner is cold
2. Air in gas line
1. Turn control knob to LO position and
let warm up for a minute
2. Operate burner until air is removed from
line. Have gas checked by local natural
gas company
3. Observe minimum installation clearances (see Figure 4, page 6)
4. Clean burner (see Cleaning and Maintenance, page 11) or replace burner orifice
3. Air passageways on heater blocked
4. Dirty or partially clogged burner orifice
Continued
102392
13
BLUE FLAME 10,000 BTU
NATURAL GAS HEATER
TROUBLESHOOTING
Continued
WARNING: If you smell gas
• Shut off gas supply.
• Do not try to light any appliance.
• Do not touch any electrical switch; do not use any phone in your
building.
• Immediately call your gas supplier from a neighbor’s phone. Follow the
gas supplier’s instructions.
• If you cannot reach your gas supplier, call the fire department.
IMPORTANT: Operating heater where impurities in air exist may create odors. Cleaning
supplies, paint, paint remover, cigarette smoke, cements and glues, new carpet or textiles,
etc., create fumes. These fumes may mix with combustion air and create odors.
OBSERVED PROBLEM
POSSIBLE CAUSE
REMEDY
Heater produces a clicking/ticking noise
just after burner is lit or shut off
1. Metal expanding while heating or contracting while cooling
1. This is common with most heaters. If
noise is excessive, contact qualified service person
Heater produces unwanted odors
1. Heater burning vapors from paint, hair
spray, glues, etc. See IMPORTANT
statement above.
2. Gas leak. See Warning statement at
top of page
1. Ventilate room. Stop using odor-causing
products while heater is running
1. Not enough fresh air is available
1. Open window and/or door for ventilation
2. Contact local natural gas company
3. Clean ODS/pilot (see Cleaning and
Maintenance, page 11)
Heater shuts off in use (ODS operates)
2. Low line pressure
3. ODS/pilot is partially clogged
2. Locate and correct all leaks (see Checking Gas Connections, page 9)
Gas odor even when control knob is in OFF
position
1. Gas leak. See Warning statement at
top of page
2. Control valve defective
1. Locate and correct all leaks (see Checking Gas Connections, page 9)
2. Replace control valve
Gas odor during combustion
1. Foreign matter between control valve
and burner
2. Gas leak. See Warning statement at
top of page
1. Take apart gas tubing and remove foreign matter
2. Locate and correct all leaks (see Checking Gas Connections, page 9)
Moisture/condensation noticed on windows
1. Not enough combustion/ventilation air
1. Refer to Air for Combustion and Ventilation requirements (page 3)
14
102392
OWNER’S MANUAL
SPECIFICATIONS
Btu(Variable)
Type Gas
Ignition
Pressure Regulator Setting
Inlet Gas Pressure
(inches of water)
Heater Dimensions
(Includes knobs and grill)
Shipping Weight (pounds)
REPLACEMENT
PARTS
VN1000BT
5,000/10,000
Natural Only
Piezo
3" W.C.
Note: Use only original replacement parts.
This will protect your warranty coverage for
parts replaced under warranty.
Parts Under Warranty
10.5" Max. / 4" Min.
21.5" (H) x 13.5" (W) x 7" (D)
19
TECHNICAL
SERVICE
SERVICE
PUBLICATIONS
You may have further questions about installation, operation, or troubleshooting.
You can purchase a service manual from the
address listed on the back page of this
manual. Send a check for $5.00 payable to
DESA International.
If so, contact DESA International’s Technical Service Department at 1-800-323-5190.
Contact authorized dealer from whom you
purchased this product. If they cannot supply original replacement part(s), call DESA
International’s Technical Service Department at 1-800-323-5190 for referral information. When contacting your dealer or
DESA International, have ready:
• your name and address
• model number of your heater
• how heater was malfunctioning
• type of gas used (propane/LP or natural gas)
• purchase date
Usually, we will ask you to return the defective part to the factory.
Parts Not Under Warranty
SERVICE HINTS
ACCESSORY
When gas pressure is too low
Purchase this heater accessory from your
local dealer. If they cannot supply this accessory, call DESA International’s Parts
Department at 1-800-972-7879 for referral
information. You can also write to the address listed on the back page of this manual.
• pilot will not stay lit
• burner will have delayed ignition
• heater will not produce specified heat
When gas quality is bad
• pilot will not stay lit
• burner will produce flames and soot
• heater will backfire when lit
You may feel your gas pressure is too low or
gas quality is bad. If so, contact your local
natural gas supplier.
102392
MANUAL SHUTOFF
VALVE - GA5010
Manual shutoff valve
with 1/8" NPT tap.
15
Contact authorized dealers of this product.
If they cannot supply original replacement
part(s), call DESA International’s Parts
Department at 1-800-972-7879 for referral
information. When calling DESA International, have ready:
• model number of your heater
• the replacement part number
BLUE FLAME 10,000 BTU
NATURAL GAS HEATER
ILLUSTRATED
PARTS
BREAKDOWN
24
23
VN1000BT
22
25
14
13
12 26
21
25
27
19
15
10
16
4
11
7
20
10
18
14
9
6
3
5
17
8
2
12-1
12-2
1
ODS/PILOT
16
102392
OWNER’S MANUAL
PARTS LIST
This list contains replaceable parts used in your heater. When ordering parts, follow the instructions
listed under Replacement Parts on page 15 of this manual.
MODEL: VN1000BT
KEY
NO.
PART
NUMBER
1
2
098304-01
099467-03
099467-04
3
099318-04
4
101108-01
5
102018-01AA
6
098260-03
7
098532-03AA
8
M11084-38
9
098352-03BR
10
098271-03
11
098249-01
12
100701-03
12-1 098514-01
12-2 098594-01
13
099386-02
14
099387-11
15
098251-03
16
099463-01
17
099415-01
18
102863-01
19
102864-01
20
102492-01
21
102493-01
22
098522-07
23
102571-01
24
102445-01
25
098275-01
26
099553-01
27
098303-02
DESCRIPTION
Screw, #10 x 3/8"
Front Panel Assembly (VN1000BT)
Front Panel Assembly (CFN1000BT)
Grill Guard
Grill Guard Clip
Bottom Glass Retainer
Glass Panel
Top Glass Retainer
Screw, #8 x 3/8"
Deflector Unit
Ignitor Cable
Nut, M5
ODS/Pilot Assembly
Thermocouple
Ignitor Electrode
Burner
Pilot Tubing
Injector
Injector Holder
Pressure Regulator
Burner Tubing
Regulator Tubing
5/16" Male Connector
1/4" Male Connector
Thermostat Gas Valve
Cabinet
Piezo Ignitor
3/8" NPT Male Plug
Pilot Shield
Screw, #6 x 5/16"
QTY.
2
1
1
1
2
1
1
1
8
1
1
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
1
2
PARTS AVAILABLE - NOT SHOWN
102471-01
100642-02
102392
Control Position Label
Assembly, Hardware
17
1
1
BLUE FLAME 10,000 BTU
NATURAL GAS HEATER
NOTES
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18
102392
OWNER’S MANUAL
NOTES
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102392
19
WARRANTY INFORMATION
KEEP THIS WARRANTY
Model
Serial No.
Date Purchased
Always specify model and serial numbers when communicating with the factory.
We reserve the right to amend these specifications at any time without notice. The only warranty applicable is our
standard written warranty. We make no other warranty, expressed or implied.
LIMITED WARRANTY
VENT-FREE RESIDENTIAL GAS HEATERS
DESA International warrants this product to be free from defects in materials and components for three (3) years and
five (5) years on stainless steel burners from the date of first purchase, provided that the product has been properly
installed, operated and maintained in accordance with all applicable instructions. To make a claim under this
warranty the Bill of Sale or cancelled check must be presented.
This warranty is extended only to the original retail purchaser. This warranty covers the cost of part(s) required to
restore this heater to proper operating condition and an allowance for labor when provided by a DESA Authorized
Service Center. Warranty part(s) MUST be obtained through authorized dealers of this product and/or DESA
International who will provide original factory replacement parts. Failure to use original factory replacement parts
voids this warranty. The heater MUST be installed by a qualified installer in accordance with all local codes and
instructions furnished with the unit.
This warranty does not apply to parts that are not in original condition because of normal wear and tear, or parts that
fail or become damaged as a result of misuse, accidents, lack of proper maintenance or defects caused by improper
installation. Travel, diagnostic cost, labor, transportation and any and all such other costs related to repairing a
defective heater will be the responsibility of the owner.
TO THE FULL EXTENT ALLOWED BY THE LAW OF THE JURISDICTION THAT GOVERNS THE SALE
OF THE PRODUCT; THIS EXPRESS WARRANTY EXCLUDES ANY AND ALL OTHER EXPRESSED
WARRANTIES AND LIMITS THE DURATION OF ANY AND ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING
WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE TO THREE (3)
YEARS ON ALL COMPONENTS AND FIVE (5) YEARS ON STAINLESS STEEL BURNERS FROM THE
DATE OF FIRST PURCHASE; AND DESA INTERNATIONAL’S LIABILITY IS HEREBY LIMITED TO THE
PURCHASE PRICE OF THE PRODUCT AND DESA INTERNATIONAL SHALL NOT BE LIABLE FOR ANY
OTHER DAMAGES WHATSOEVER INCLUDING INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES.
Some states do not allow a limitation on how long an implied warranty lasts or an exclusion or limitation of incidental
or consequential damages, so the above limitation on implied warranties, or exclusion or limitation on damages may
not apply to you.
This warranty gives you specific legal rights, and you may also have other rights that vary from state to state.
For information about this warranty write:
2701 Industrial Drive
P.O. Box 90004
Bowling Green, KY 42102-9004
102392-01
REV. D
7/97
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