Miller | LH170121C | Owner Manual | Miller DIMENSION 452 User manual

Miller DIMENSION 452 User manual
OM-277
163 768AM
2007−03
Processes
Multiprocess Welding
Description
Arc Welding Power Source
Dimension
302, 452 (60 Hz), 562 (50 Hz)
File: Multi-Process
Visit our website at
www.MillerWelds.com
From Miller to You
Thank you and congratulations on choosing Miller. Now you can get
the job done and get it done right. We know you don’t have time to do
it any other way.
That’s why when Niels Miller first started building arc welders in 1929,
he made sure his products offered long-lasting value and superior
quality. Like you, his customers couldn’t afford anything less. Miller
products had to be more than the best they could be. They had to be the
best you could buy.
Today, the people that build and sell Miller products continue the
tradition. They’re just as committed to providing equipment and service
that meets the high standards of quality and value established in 1929.
This Owner’s Manual is designed to help you get the most out of your
Miller products. Please take time to read the Safety precautions. They
will help you protect yourself against potential hazards on the worksite.
We’ve made installation and operation quick
and easy. With Miller you can count on years
of reliable service with proper maintenance.
And if for some reason the unit needs repair,
there’s a Troubleshooting section that will
help you figure out what the problem is. The
Miller is the first welding parts list will then help you to decide the
equipment manufacturer in exact part you may need to fix the problem.
the U.S.A. to be registered to
the ISO 9001:2000 Quality Warranty and service information for your
System Standard.
particular model are also provided.
Miller Electric manufactures a full line
of welders and welding related equipment.
For information on other quality Miller
products, contact your local Miller distributor to receive the latest full
line catalog or individual specification sheets. To locate your nearest
distributor or service agency call 1-800-4-A-Miller, or visit us at
www.MillerWelds.com on the web.
Mil_Thank 4/05
Working as hard as you do
− every power source from
Miller is backed by the most
hassle-free warranty in the
business.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
SECTION 1 − SAFETY PRECAUTIONS - READ BEFORE USING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-1. Symbol Usage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-2. Arc Welding Hazards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-3. Additional Symbols For Installation, Operation, And Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-4. California Proposition 65 Warnings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-5. Principal Safety Standards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-6. EMF Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SECTION 2 − CONSIGNES DE SÉCURITÉ − LIRE AVANT UTILISATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-1. Symboles utilisés . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-2. Dangers relatifs au soudage à l’arc . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-3. Dangers supplémentaires en relation avec l’installation, le fonctionnement et la maintenance . . . . . .
2-4. Proposition californienne 65 Avertissements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-5. Principales normes de sécurité . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-6. Information EMF . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SECTION 3 − DEFINITIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-1. General Precautionary Label . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-2. Input Connection Label . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-3. Electric Shock And Airflow Label . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-4. Nameplate Safety Symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-5. Manufacturer’s Rating Labels For CE Products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-7. WEEE Label (For Products Sold Within The EU) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SECTION 4 − INSTALLATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-1. Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-2. Duty Cycle And Overheating . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-3. Volt-Ampere Curves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-4. Selecting A Location . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-5. Dimensions And Weights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-6. Tipping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-7. 115 VAC Receptacle And Supplementary Protector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-8. Weld Output Terminals And Selecting Cable Sizes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-9. Connecting Weld Output Cables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-10. Remote 14 Receptacle Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-11. Connecting Remote Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-12. Electrical Service Guide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-13. Placing Jumper Links . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-14. Connecting Input Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SECTION 5 − OPERATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-1. Controls (Non CE Models) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-2. Controls (CE Models) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SECTION 6 − MAINTENANCE & TROUBLESHOOTING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-1. Routine Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-2. Fuse F1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-3. Short Circuit Shutdown . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-4. Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SECTION 7 − ELECTRICAL DIAGRAM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SECTION 8 − PARTS LIST . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
OPTIONS AND ACCESSORIES
WARRANTY
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Declaration of Conformity for
European Community (CE) Products
NOTE
This information is provided for units with CE certification (see rating label on unit).
Manufacturer:
European Contact:
Miller Electric Mg. Co.
1635 W. Spencer St.
Appleton, WI 54914 USA
Phone: (920) 734-9821
Mr. Danilo Fedolfi,
Managing Director
ITW Welding Products Italy S.r.l.
Via Privata Iseo 6/E
20098 San Giuliano
Milanese, Italy
Phone: 39(02)98290-1
Fax: 39(02)98290203
European Contact Signature:
Declares that the product:
Dimension™ 562
conforms to the following Directives and Standards:
Directives
Electromagnetic compatibility Directives: 89/336/EEC, 92/31/EEC
Low Voltage Directive: 73/23/EEC
Machinery Directives: 89/392/EEC, 91/368/EEC, 93/C 133/04, 93/68/EEC
Standards
Safety Requirements for Arc Welding Equipment part 1: EN 60974-1: 1990
Arc Welding Equipment Part 1: Welding Power Sources: IEC 974-1
(April 1995 − Draft revision)
Degrees of Protection provided by Enclosures (IP code): IEC 529: 1989
Insulation coordination for equipment within low-voltage systems:
Part 1: Principles, requirements and tests: IEC 664-1: 1992
Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) Product standard for arc welding equipment:
EN50199: August 1995
dec_stat_6/05
SECTION 1 − SAFETY PRECAUTIONS - READ BEFORE USING
som _3/05
Y Warning: Protect yourself and others from injury — read and follow these precautions.
1-1. Symbol Usage
Means Warning! Watch Out! There are possible hazards
with this procedure! The possible hazards are shown in
the adjoining symbols.
Y Marks a special safety message.
. Means “Note”; not safety related.
This group of symbols means Warning! Watch Out! possible
ELECTRIC SHOCK, MOVING PARTS, and HOT PARTS hazards.
Consult symbols and related instructions below for necessary actions
to avoid the hazards.
1-2. Arc Welding Hazards
Y The symbols shown below are used throughout this manual to
call attention to and identify possible hazards. When you see
the symbol, watch out, and follow the related instructions to
avoid the hazard. The safety information given below is only
a summary of the more complete safety information found in
the Safety Standards listed in Section 1-5. Read and follow all
Safety Standards.
Y Only qualified persons should install, operate, maintain, and
repair this unit.
D
D
D
D
D
D
Y During operation, keep everybody, especially children, away.
ELECTRIC SHOCK can kill.
Touching live electrical parts can cause fatal shocks
or severe burns. The electrode and work circuit is
electrically live whenever the output is on. The input
power circuit and machine internal circuits are also
live when power is on. In semiautomatic or automatic wire welding, the
wire, wire reel, drive roll housing, and all metal parts touching the
welding wire are electrically live. Incorrectly installed or improperly
grounded equipment is a hazard.
D Do not touch live electrical parts.
D Wear dry, hole-free insulating gloves and body protection.
D Insulate yourself from work and ground using dry insulating mats
or covers big enough to prevent any physical contact with the work
or ground.
D Do not use AC output in damp areas, if movement is confined, or if
there is a danger of falling.
D Use AC output ONLY if required for the welding process.
D If AC output is required, use remote output control if present on
unit.
D Additional safety precautions are required when any of the following electrically hazardous conditions are present: in damp
locations or while wearing wet clothing; on metal structures such
as floors, gratings, or scaffolds; when in cramped positions such
as sitting, kneeling, or lying; or when there is a high risk of unavoidable or accidental contact with the workpiece or ground. For these
conditions, use the following equipment in order presented: 1) a
semiautomatic DC constant voltage (wire) welder, 2) a DC manual
(stick) welder, or 3) an AC welder with reduced open-circuit voltage. In most situations, use of a DC, constant voltage wire welder
is recommended. And, do not work alone!
D Disconnect input power or stop engine before installing or
servicing this equipment. Lockout/tagout input power according to
OSHA 29 CFR 1910.147 (see Safety Standards).
D Properly install and ground this equipment according to its
Owner’s Manual and national, state, and local codes.
D Always verify the supply ground − check and be sure that input
power cord ground wire is properly connected to ground terminal in
disconnect box or that cord plug is connected to a properly
grounded receptacle outlet.
D When making input connections, attach proper grounding conductor first − double-check connections.
D Frequently inspect input power cord for damage or bare wiring −
replace cord immediately if damaged − bare wiring can kill.
D
D
D
D
D
D
Turn off all equipment when not in use.
Do not use worn, damaged, undersized, or poorly spliced cables.
Do not drape cables over your body.
If earth grounding of the workpiece is required, ground it directly
with a separate cable.
Do not touch electrode if you are in contact with the work, ground,
or another electrode from a different machine.
Do not touch electrode holders connected to two welding machines at the same time since double open-circuit voltage will be
present.
Use only well-maintained equipment. Repair or replace damaged
parts at once. Maintain unit according to manual.
Wear a safety harness if working above floor level.
Keep all panels and covers securely in place.
Clamp work cable with good metal-to-metal contact to workpiece
or worktable as near the weld as practical.
Insulate work clamp when not connected to workpiece to prevent
contact with any metal object.
Do not connect more than one electrode or work cable to any
single weld output terminal.
SIGNIFICANT DC VOLTAGE exists in inverter-type
welding power sources after removal of input
power.
D Turn Off inverter, disconnect input power, and discharge input
capacitors according to instructions in Maintenance Section
before touching any parts.
FUMES AND GASES can be hazardous.
Welding produces fumes and gases. Breathing
these fumes and gases can be hazardous to your
health.
D Keep your head out of the fumes. Do not breathe the fumes.
D If inside, ventilate the area and/or use local forced ventilation at the
arc to remove welding fumes and gases.
D If ventilation is poor, wear an approved air-supplied respirator.
D Read and understand the Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDSs)
and the manufacturer’s instructions for metals, consumables,
coatings, cleaners, and degreasers.
D Work in a confined space only if it is well ventilated, or while
wearing an air-supplied respirator. Always have a trained watchperson nearby. Welding fumes and gases can displace air and
lower the oxygen level causing injury or death. Be sure the breathing air is safe.
D Do not weld in locations near degreasing, cleaning, or spraying operations. The heat and rays of the arc can react with vapors to form
highly toxic and irritating gases.
D Do not weld on coated metals, such as galvanized, lead, or
cadmium plated steel, unless the coating is removed from the weld
area, the area is well ventilated, and while wearing an air-supplied
respirator. The coatings and any metals containing these elements
can give off toxic fumes if welded.
OM-277 Page 1
ARC RAYS can burn eyes and skin.
Arc rays from the welding process produce intense
visible and invisible (ultraviolet and infrared) rays
that can burn eyes and skin. Sparks fly off from the
weld.
D Wear an approved welding helmet fitted with a proper shade of filter lenses to protect your face and eyes when welding or watching
(see ANSI Z49.1 and Z87.1 listed in Safety Standards).
D Wear approved safety glasses with side shields under your
helmet.
D Use protective screens or barriers to protect others from flash,
glare and sparks; warn others not to watch the arc.
D Wear protective clothing made from durable, flame-resistant material (leather, heavy cotton, or wool) and foot protection.
WELDING can cause fire or explosion.
Welding on closed containers, such as tanks,
drums, or pipes, can cause them to blow up. Sparks
can fly off from the welding arc. The flying sparks, hot
workpiece, and hot equipment can cause fires and
burns. Accidental contact of electrode to metal objects can cause
sparks, explosion, overheating, or fire. Check and be sure the area is
safe before doing any welding.
D Remove all flammables within 35 ft (10.7 m) of the welding arc. If
this is not possible, tightly cover them with approved covers.
D Do not weld where flying sparks can strike flammable material.
D Protect yourself and others from flying sparks and hot metal.
D Be alert that welding sparks and hot materials from welding can
easily go through small cracks and openings to adjacent areas.
D Watch for fire, and keep a fire extinguisher nearby.
D Be aware that welding on a ceiling, floor, bulkhead, or partition can
cause fire on the hidden side.
D Do not weld on closed containers such as tanks, drums, or pipes,
unless they are properly prepared according to AWS F4.1 (see
Safety Standards).
D Connect work cable to the work as close to the welding area as
practical to prevent welding current from traveling long, possibly
unknown paths and causing electric shock, sparks, and fire
hazards.
D Do not use welder to thaw frozen pipes.
D Remove stick electrode from holder or cut off welding wire at
contact tip when not in use.
D Wear oil-free protective garments such as leather gloves, heavy
shirt, cuffless trousers, high shoes, and a cap.
D Remove any combustibles, such as a butane lighter or matches,
from your person before doing any welding.
D Follow requirements in OSHA 1910.252 (a) (2) (iv) and NFPA 51B
for hot work and have a fire watcher and extinguisher nearby.
FLYING METAL can injure eyes.
D Welding, chipping, wire brushing, and grinding
cause sparks and flying metal. As welds cool,
they can throw off slag.
D Wear approved safety glasses with side
shields even under your welding helmet.
OM-277 Page 2
BUILDUP OF GAS can injure or kill.
D Shut off shielding gas supply when not in use.
D Always ventilate confined spaces or use
approved air-supplied respirator.
HOT PARTS can cause severe burns.
D Do not touch hot parts bare handed.
D Allow cooling period before working on gun or
torch.
D To handle hot parts, use proper tools and/or
wear heavy, insulated welding gloves and
clothing to prevent burns.
MAGNETIC FIELDS can affect pacemakers.
D Pacemaker wearers keep away.
D Wearers should consult their doctor before
going near arc welding, gouging, or spot
welding operations.
NOISE can damage hearing.
Noise from some processes or equipment can
damage hearing.
D Wear approved ear protection if noise level is
high.
CYLINDERS can explode if damaged.
Shielding gas cylinders contain gas under high
pressure. If damaged, a cylinder can explode. Since
gas cylinders are normally part of the welding
process, be sure to treat them carefully.
D Protect compressed gas cylinders from excessive heat, mechanical shocks, physical damage, slag, open flames, sparks, and arcs.
D Install cylinders in an upright position by securing to a stationary
support or cylinder rack to prevent falling or tipping.
D Keep cylinders away from any welding or other electrical circuits.
D Never drape a welding torch over a gas cylinder.
D Never allow a welding electrode to touch any cylinder.
D Never weld on a pressurized cylinder − explosion will result.
D Use only correct shielding gas cylinders, regulators, hoses, and fittings designed for the specific application; maintain them and
associated parts in good condition.
D Turn face away from valve outlet when opening cylinder valve.
D Keep protective cap in place over valve except when cylinder is in
use or connected for use.
D Use the right equipment, correct procedures, and sufficient number of persons to lift and move cylinders.
D Read and follow instructions on compressed gas cylinders,
associated equipment, and Compressed Gas Association (CGA)
publication P-1 listed in Safety Standards.
1-3. Additional Symbols For Installation, Operation, And Maintenance
FIRE OR EXPLOSION hazard.
MOVING PARTS can cause injury.
D Do not install or place unit on, over, or near
combustible surfaces.
D Do not install unit near flammables.
D Do not overload building wiring − be sure power supply system is
properly sized, rated, and protected to handle this unit.
D Keep away from moving parts such as fans.
D Keep all doors, panels, covers, and guards
closed and securely in place.
D Have only qualified persons remove doors,
panels, covers, or guards for maintenance as
necessary.
D Reinstall doors, panels, covers, or guards
when maintenance is finished and before reconnecting input power.
FALLING UNIT can cause injury.
D Use lifting eye to lift unit only, NOT running
gear, gas cylinders, or any other accessories.
D Use equipment of adequate capacity to lift and
support unit.
D If using lift forks to move unit, be sure forks are
long enough to extend beyond opposite side of
unit.
READ INSTRUCTIONS.
D Read Owner’s Manual before using or servicing unit.
D Use only genuine Miller/Hobart replacement
parts.
H.F. RADIATION can cause interference.
OVERUSE can cause OVERHEATING
D Allow cooling period; follow rated duty cycle.
D Reduce current or reduce duty cycle before
starting to weld again.
D Do not block or filter airflow to unit.
D
D
STATIC (ESD) can damage PC boards.
D Put on grounded wrist strap BEFORE handling
boards or parts.
D Use proper static-proof bags and boxes to
store, move, or ship PC boards.
D
D
D High-frequency (H.F.) can interfere with radio
navigation, safety services, computers, and
communications equipment.
D Have only qualified persons familiar with
electronic equipment perform this installation.
The user is responsible for having a qualified electrician promptly correct any interference problem resulting from the installation.
If notified by the FCC about interference, stop using the
equipment at once.
Have the installation regularly checked and maintained.
Keep high-frequency source doors and panels tightly shut, keep
spark gaps at correct setting, and use grounding and shielding to
minimize the possibility of interference.
ARC WELDING can cause interference.
MOVING PARTS can cause injury.
D Keep away from moving parts.
D Keep away from pinch points such as drive
rolls.
D
WELDING WIRE can cause injury.
D Do not press gun trigger until instructed to do
so.
D Do not point gun toward any part of the body,
other people, or any metal when threading
welding wire.
D
D
D
D Electromagnetic energy can interfere with
sensitive electronic equipment such as
computers and computer-driven equipment
such as robots.
D Be sure all equipment in the welding area is
electromagnetically compatible.
To reduce possible interference, keep weld cables as short as
possible, close together, and down low, such as on the floor.
Locate welding operation 100 meters from any sensitive electronic equipment.
Be sure this welding machine is installed and grounded
according to this manual.
If interference still occurs, the user must take extra measures
such as moving the welding machine, using shielded cables,
using line filters, or shielding the work area.
1-4. California Proposition 65 Warnings
Y Welding or cutting equipment produces fumes or gases which
contain chemicals known to the State of California to cause
birth defects and, in some cases, cancer. (California Health &
Safety Code Section 25249.5 et seq.)
For Gasoline Engines:
Y Engine exhaust contains chemicals known to the State of
California to cause cancer, birth defects, or other reproductive
harm.
Y Battery posts, terminals and related accessories contain lead
and lead compounds, chemicals known to the State of
California to cause cancer and birth defects or other
reproductive harm. Wash hands after handling.
For Diesel Engines:
Y Diesel engine exhaust and some of its constituents are known
to the State of California to cause cancer, birth defects, and
other reproductive harm.
OM-277 Page 3
1-5. Principal Safety Standards
Safety in Welding, Cutting, and Allied Processes, ANSI Standard Z49.1,
from Global Engineering Documents (phone: 1-877-413-5184, website:
www.global.ihs.com).
Boulevard, Rexdale, Ontario, Canada M9W 1R3 (phone:
800−463−6727 or in Toronto 416−747−4044, website: www.csa−international.org).
Recommended Safe Practices for the Preparation for Welding and Cutting of Containers and Piping, American Welding Society Standard
AWS F4.1 from Global Engineering Documents (phone:
1-877-413-5184, website: www.global.ihs.com).
Practice For Occupational And Educational Eye And Face Protection,
ANSI Standard Z87.1, from American National Standards Institute, 11
West 42nd Street, New York, NY 10036−8002 (phone: 212−642−4900,
website: www.ansi.org).
National Electrical Code, NFPA Standard 70, from National Fire Protection Association, P.O. Box 9101, 1 Battery March Park, Quincy, MA
02269−9101 (phone: 617−770−3000, website: www.nfpa.org).
Standard for Fire Prevention During Welding, Cutting, and Other Hot
Work, NFPA Standard 51B, from National Fire Protection Association,
P.O. Box 9101, 1 Battery March Park, Quincy, MA 02269−9101 (phone:
617−770−3000,website: www.nfpa.org).
Safe Handling of Compressed Gases in Cylinders, CGA Pamphlet P-1,
from Compressed Gas Association, 1735 Jefferson Davis Highway,
Suite 1004, Arlington, VA 22202−4102 (phone: 703−412−0900, website: www.cganet.com).
Code for Safety in Welding and Cutting, CSA Standard W117.2, from
Canadian Standards Association, Standards Sales, 178 Rexdale
OSHA, Occupational Safety and Health Standards for General Industry, Title 29, Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), Part 1910, Subpart Q,
and Part 1926, Subpart J, from U.S. Government Printing Office, Superintendent of Documents, P.O. Box 371954, Pittsburgh, PA 15250 (there
are 10 Regional Offices−−phone for Region 5, Chicago, is
312−353−2220,website: www.osha.gov).
1-6. EMF Information
Considerations About Welding And The Effects Of Low Frequency
Electric And Magnetic Fields
Welding current, as it flows through welding cables, will cause electromagnetic fields. There has been and still is some concern about such
fields. However, after examining more than 500 studies spanning 17
years of research, a special blue ribbon committee of the National
Research Council concluded that: “The body of evidence, in the
committee’s judgment, has not demonstrated that exposure to powerfrequency electric and magnetic fields is a human-health hazard.”
However, studies are still going forth and evidence continues to be
examined. Until the final conclusions of the research are reached, you
may wish to minimize your exposure to electromagnetic fields when
welding or cutting.
To reduce magnetic fields in the workplace, use the following
procedures:
OM-277 Page 4
1. Keep cables close together by twisting or taping them.
2. Arrange cables to one side and away from the operator.
3. Do not coil or drape cables around your body.
4. Keep welding power source and cables as far away from operator as practical.
5. Connect work clamp to workpiece as close to the weld as possible.
About Pacemakers:
Pacemaker wearers consult your doctor before welding or going near
welding operations. If cleared by your doctor, then following the above
procedures is recommended.
SECTION 2 − CONSIGNES DE SÉCURITÉ − LIRE AVANT UTILISATION
fre_som _3/05
Y Avertissement : se protéger et protéger les autres contre le risque de blessure — lire et respecter ces consignes.
2-1.
Symboles utilisés
Symbole graphique d’avertissement ! Attention ! Cette procédure comporte des risques possibles ! Les dangers éventuels sont représentés par les symboles graphiques joints.
Y Indique un message de sécurité particulier
. Signifie NOTE ; n’est pas relatif à la sécurité.
2-2.
Ce groupe de symboles signifie Avertissement ! Attention ! Risques
d’ÉLECTROCUTION, ORGANES MOBILES et PARTIES
CHAUDES. Consulter les symboles et les instructions afférentes
ci-dessous concernant les mesures à prendre pour supprimer
les dangers.
Dangers relatifs au soudage à l’arc
Y Les symboles représentés ci-dessous sont utilisés dans ce manuel
pour attirer l’attention et identifier les dangers possibles. En
présence de l’un de ces symboles, prendre garde et suivre les
instructions afférentes pour éviter tout risque. Les instructions en
matière de sécurité indiquées ci-dessous ne constituent qu’un
sommaire des instructions de sécurité plus complètes fournies
dans les normes de sécurité énumérées dans la Section 2-5. Lire et
observer toutes les normes de sécurité.
Y Seul un personnel qualifié est autorisé à installer, faire fonctionner, entretenir et réparer cet appareil.
Y Pendant le fonctionnement, maintenir à distance toutes les personnes, notamment les enfants de l’appareil.
D Vérifier fréquemment le cordon d’alimentation afin de s’assurer qu’il
D
D
D
D
D
D
UNE DÉCHARGE ÉLECTRIQUE peut
entraîner la mort.
D
Le contact d’organes électriques sous tension peut
provoquer des accidents mortels ou des brûlures
graves. Le circuit de l’électrode et de la pièce est
sous tension lorsque le courant est délivré à la
sortie. Le circuit d’alimentation et les circuits internes de la machine
sont également sous tension lorsque l’alimentation est sur Marche.
Dans le mode de soudage avec du fil, le fil, le dérouleur, le bloc de
commande du rouleau et toutes les parties métalliques en contact
avec le fil sont sous tension électrique. Un équipement installé ou mis
à la terre de manière incorrecte ou impropre constitue un danger.
D
D
D Ne pas toucher aux pièces électriques sous tension.
D Porter des gants isolants et des vêtements de protection secs et sans
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
trous.
S’isoler de la pièce à couper et du sol en utilisant des housses ou des
tapis assez grands afin d’éviter tout contact physique avec la pièce à
couper ou le sol.
Ne pas se servir de source électrique à courant électrique dans les zones humides, dans les endroits confinés ou là où on risque de tomber.
Se servir d’une source électrique à courant électrique UNIQUEMENT si
le procédé de soudage le demande.
Si l’utilisation d’une source électrique à courant électrique s’avère nécessaire, se servir de la fonction de télécommande si l’appareil en est
équipé.
D’autres consignes de sécurité sont nécessaires dans les conditions
suivantes : risques électriques dans un environnement humide ou si l’on
porte des vêtements mouillés ; sur des structures métalliques telles que
sols, grilles ou échafaudages ; en position coincée comme assise, à genoux ou couchée ; ou s’il y a un risque élevé de contact inévitable ou
accidentel avec la pièce à souder ou le sol. Dans ces conditions, utiliser
les équipements suivants, dans l’ordre indiqué : 1) un poste à souder DC
à tension constante (à fil), 2) un poste à souder DC manuel (électrode)
ou 3) un poste à souder AC à tension à vide réduite. Dans la plupart des
situations, l’utilisation d’un poste à souder DC à fil à tension constante
est recommandée. En outre, ne pas travailler seul !
Couper l’alimentation ou arrêter le moteur avant de procéder
à l’installation, à la réparation ou à l’entretien de l’appareil. Déverrouiller
l’alimentation selon la norme OSHA 29 CFR 1910.147 (voir normes de
sécurité).
Installer le poste correctement et le mettre à la terre convenablement
selon les consignes du manuel de l’opérateur et les normes nationales,
provinciales et locales.
Toujours vérifier la terre du cordon d’alimentation. Vérifier et s’assurer
que le fil de terre du cordon d’alimentation est bien raccordé à la borne
de terre du sectionneur ou que la fiche du cordon est raccordée à une
prise correctement mise à la terre.
En effectuant les raccordements d’entrée, fixer d’abord le conducteur
de mise à la terre approprié et contre-vérifier les connexions.
D
D
D
n’est pas altéré ou à nu, le remplacer immédiatement s’il l’est. Un fil à nu
peut entraîner la mort.
L’équipement doit être hors tension lorsqu’il n’est pas utilisé.
Ne pas utiliser des câbles usés, endommagés, de grosseur insuffisante
ou mal épissés.
Ne pas enrouler les câbles autour du corps.
Si la pièce soudée doit être mise à la terre, le faire directement avec un
câble distinct.
Ne pas toucher l’électrode quand on est en contact avec la pièce, la terre
ou une électrode provenant d’une autre machine.
Ne pas toucher des porte électrodes connectés à deux machines en
même temps à cause de la présence d’une tension à vide doublée.
N’utiliser qu’un matériel en bon état. Réparer ou remplacer sur-lechamp les pièces endommagées. Entretenir l’appareil conformément à
ce manuel.
Porter un harnais de sécurité si l’on doit travailler au-dessus du sol.
S’assurer que tous les panneaux et couvercles sont correctement en
place.
Fixer le câble de retour de façon à obtenir un bon contact métal-métal
avec la pièce à souder ou la table de travail, le plus près possible de la
soudure.
Isoler la pince de masse quand pas mis à la pièce pour éviter le contact
avec tout objet métallique.
Ne pas raccorder plus d’une électrode ou plus d’un câble de masse à
une même borne de sortie de soudage.
Il reste une TENSION DC NON NÉGLIGEABLE dans
les sources de soudage onduleur quand on a coupé
l’alimentation.
D Arrêter les convertisseurs, débrancher le courant électrique et
décharger les condensateurs d’alimentation selon les instructions indiquées dans la partie Entretien avant de toucher les pièces.
LES FUMÉES ET LES GAZ peuvent
être dangereux.
Le soudage génère des fumées et des gaz. Leur
inhalation peut être dangereuse pour la santé.
D Ne pas mettre sa tête au-dessus des vapeurs. Ne pas respirer ces vapeurs.
D À l’intérieur, ventiler la zone et/ou utiliser une ventilation forcée au niveau de
l’arc pour l’évacuation des fumées et des gaz de soudage.
D Si la ventilation est médiocre, porter un respirateur anti-vapeurs approuvé.
D Lire et comprendre les spécifications de sécurité des matériaux (MSDS) et
les instructions du fabricant concernant les métaux, les consommables, les
revêtements, les nettoyants et les dégraisseurs.
D Travailler dans un espace fermé seulement s’il est bien ventilé ou en
portant un respirateur à alimentation d’air. Demander toujours à un surveillant dûment formé de se tenir à proximité. Des fumées et des gaz de
soudage peuvent déplacer l’air et abaisser le niveau d’oxygène provoquant des blessures ou des accidents mortels. S’assurer que l’air de
respiration ne présente aucun danger.
D Ne pas souder dans des endroits situés à proximité d’opérations de dégraissage, de nettoyage ou de pulvérisation. La chaleur et les rayons de
l’arc peuvent réagir en présence de vapeurs et former des gaz hautement toxiques et irritants.
D Ne pas souder des métaux munis d’un revêtement, tels que l’acier galvanisé, plaqué en plomb ou au cadmium à moins que le revêtement n’ait
été enlevé dans la zone de soudure, que l’endroit soit bien ventilé et en
portant un respirateur à alimentation d’air. Les revêtements et tous les
métaux renfermant ces éléments peuvent dégager des fumées toxiques en cas de soudage.
OM-277 Page 5
LES RAYONS D’ARC peuvent entraîner des brûlures aux yeux et à la peau.
Le rayonnement de l’arc du procédé de soudage
génère des rayons visibles et invisibles intenses
(ultraviolets et infrarouges) susceptibles de provoquer des brûlures dans les yeux et sur la peau.
Des étincelles sont projetées pendant le soudage.
D Porter un casque de soudage approuvé muni de verres filtrants approprié pour protéger visage et yeux pendant le soudage (voir ANSI
Z49.1 et Z87.1 énuméré dans les normes de sécurité).
D Porter des lunettes de sécurité avec écrans latéraux même sous votre casque.
D Avoir recours à des écrans protecteurs ou à des rideaux pour
protéger les autres contre les rayonnements les éblouissements et
les étincelles ; prévenir toute personne sur les lieux de ne pas
regarder l’arc.
D Porter des vêtements confectionnés avec des matières résistantes
et ignifuges (cuir, coton lourd ou laine) et des bottes de protection.
LE SOUDAGE peut provoquer un
incendie ou une explosion.
Le soudage effectué sur des conteneurs fermés tels
que des réservoirs, tambours ou des conduites peut
provoquer leur éclatement. Des étincelles peuvent
être projetées de l’arc de soudure. La projection
d’étincelles, des pièces chaudes et des équipements chauds peuvent
provoquer des incendies et des brûlures. Le contact accidentel de
l’électrode avec des objets métalliques peut provoquer des étincelles,
une explosion, une surchauffe ou un incendie. Avant de commencer
le soudage, vérifier et s’assurer que l’endroit ne présente pas de
danger.
D Déplacer toutes les substances inflammables à une distance de
10,7 m de l’arc de soudage. En cas d’impossibilité, les recouvrir soigneusement avec des protections homologuées.
D Ne pas souder dans un endroit où des étincelles peuvent tomber sur
des substances inflammables.
D Se protéger, ainsi que toute autre personne travaillant sur les lieux,
contre les étincelles et le métal chaud.
D Des étincelles et des matériaux chauds du soudage peuvent
facilement passer dans d’autres zones en traversant de petites
fissures et des ouvertures.
D Afin d’éliminer tout risque de feu, être vigilant et garder toujours un
extincteur à la portée de main.
D Le soudage effectué sur un plafond, plancher, paroi ou séparation
peut déclencher un incendie de l’autre côté.
D Ne pas effectuer le soudage sur des conteneurs fermés tels que des
réservoirs, tambours, ou conduites, à moins qu’ils n’aient été préparés correctement conformément à AWS F4.1 (voir les normes de
sécurité).
D Brancher le câble de masse sur la pièce le plus près possible de la
zone de soudage pour éviter le transport du courant sur une longue
distance par des chemins inconnus éventuels en provoquant des
risques d’électrocution, d’étincelles et d’incendie.
D Ne pas utiliser le poste de soudage pour dégeler des conduites
gelées.
D En cas de non-utilisation, enlever la baguette d’électrode du porteélectrode ou couper le fil à la pointe de contact.
D Porter des vêtements de protection exempts d’huile tels que des
gants en cuir, une veste résistante, des pantalons sans revers, des
bottes et un casque.
D Avant de souder, retirer toute substance combustible de ses poches
telles qu’un allumeur au butane ou des allumettes.
D Suivre les consignes de OSHA 1910.252 (a) (2) (iv) et de NFPA 51B
pour travaux de soudage et prévoir un détecteur d’incendie et un extincteur à proximité.
DES
PARTICULES
VOLANTES
peuvent blesser les yeux.
D Le soudage, l’écaillement, le passage de la
pièce à la brosse en fil de fer, et le meulage
génèrent des étincelles et des particules
métalliques volantes. Pendant la période de
refroidissement des soudures, elles risquent
de projeter du laitier.
D Porter des lunettes de sécurité avec écrans latéraux ou un écran
facial.
OM-277 Page 6
LES ACCUMULATIONS DE GAZ
risquent de provoquer des blessures
ou même la mort.
D Fermer l’alimentation du gaz protecteur en cas
de non-utilisation.
D Veiller toujours à bien aérer les espaces confinés ou se servir d’un respirateur d’adduction
d’air homologué.
DES PIÈCES CHAUDES peuvent
provoquer des brûlures graves.
D Ne pas toucher des parties chaudes à mains
nues.
D Prévoir une période de refroidissement avant
d’utiliser le pistolet ou la torche.
D Ne pas toucher aux pièces chaudes, utiliser les outils recommandés et porter des gants de soudage et des vêtements épais
pour éviter les brûlures.
LES CHAMPS MAGNÉTIQUES peuvent
affecter les stimulateurs cardiaques.
D Porteurs de stimulateur cardiaque, rester
à distance.
D Les porteurs d’un stimulateur cardiaque doivent d’abord consulter leur médecin avant de
s’approcher des opérations de soudage à l’arc,
de gougeage ou de soudage par points.
LE BRUIT peut endommager l’ouïe.
Le bruit des processus et des équipements peut
affecter l’ouïe.
D Porter des protections approuvées pour les
oreilles si le niveau sonore est trop élevé.
LES BOUTEILLES peuvent exploser
si elles sont endommagées.
Des bouteilles de gaz protecteur contiennent du gaz
sous haute pression. Si une bouteille est endommagée, elle peut exploser. Du fait que les bouteilles de
gaz font normalement partie du procédé de soudage,
les manipuler avec précaution.
D Protéger les bouteilles de gaz comprimé d’une chaleur excessive, des chocs mécaniques, des dommages physiques, du laitier, des flammes ouvertes, des étincelles et des arcs.
D Placer les bouteilles debout en les fixant dans un support stationnaire ou dans un porte-bouteilles pour les empêcher de tomber ou de se renverser.
D Tenir les bouteilles éloignées des circuits de soudage ou autres
circuits électriques.
D Ne jamais placer une torche de soudage sur une bouteille à gaz.
D Une électrode de soudage ne doit jamais entrer en contact avec
une bouteille.
D Ne jamais souder une bouteille pressurisée − risque d’explosion.
D Utiliser seulement des bouteilles de gaz protecteur, régulateurs,
tuyaux et raccords convenables pour cette application spécifique ; les maintenir ainsi que les éléments associés en bon état.
D Détourner votre visage du détendeur-régulateur lorsque vous
ouvrez la soupape de la bouteille.
D Le couvercle du détendeur doit toujours être en place, sauf lorsque la bouteille est utilisée ou qu’elle est reliée pour usage ultérieur.
D Utiliser les équipements corrects, les bonnes procédures et suffisamment de personnes pour soulever et déplacer les bouteilles.
D Lire et suivre les instructions sur les bouteilles de gaz comprimé,
l’équipement connexe et le dépliant P-1 de la CGA (Compressed
Gas Association) mentionné dans les principales normes de sécurité.
2-3.
Dangers supplémentaires en relation avec l’installation, le fonctionnement et la maintenance
Risque D’INCENDIE OU D’EXPLOSION.
DES ORGANES MOBILES peuvent
provoquer des blessures.
D Ne pas placer l’appareil sur, au-dessus ou
à proximité de surfaces inflammables.
D Ne pas installer l’appareil à proximité de
produits inflammables.
D Ne pas surcharger l’installation électrique − s’assurer que
l’alimentation est correctement dimensionnée et protégée avant
de mettre l’appareil en service.
D S’abstenir de toucher des organes mobiles tels
que des ventilateurs.
D Maintenir fermés et verrouillés les portes,
panneaux, recouvrements et dispositifs de
protection.
D Seules des personnes qualifiées sont autorisées à enlever les
portes, panneaux, recouvrements ou dispositifs de protection
pour l’entretien.
D Remettre les portes, panneaux, recouvrements ou dispositifs de
protection quand l’entretien est terminé et avant de rebrancher
l’alimentation électrique.
LA CHUTE DE L’APPAREIL peut
blesser.
LIRE LES INSTRUCTIONS.
D Utiliser l’anneau de levage uniquement pour
soulever l’appareil, NON PAS les chariots, les
bouteilles de gaz ou tout autre accessoire.
D Utiliser un équipement de levage de capacité
suffisante pour lever l’appareil.
D En utilisant des fourches de levage pour déplacer l’unité, s’assurer que les fourches sont suffisamment longues pour dépasser
du côté opposé de l’appareil.
L’EMPLOI EXCESSIF peut
CHAUFFER L’ÉQUIPEMENT.
D Lire le manuel d’utilisation avant d’utiliser ou
d’intervenir sur l’appareil.
D Utiliser uniquement des pièces de rechange
Miller/Hobart.
LE
RAYONNEMENT
HAUTE
FRÉQUENCE (HF) risque de provoquer
des interférences.
SUR-
D Prévoir une période de refroidissement ;
respecter le cycle opératoire nominal.
D Réduire le courant ou le facteur de marche
avant de poursuivre le soudage.
D Ne pas obstruer les passages d’air du poste.
D
D
D
LES CHARGES ÉLECTROSTATIQUES
peuvent endommager les circuits
imprimés.
D
D
D Établir la connexion avec la barrette de terre
avant de manipuler des cartes ou des pièces.
D Utiliser des pochettes et des boîtes antistatiques pour stocker, déplacer ou expédier des
cartes PC.
LE SOUDAGE À L’ARC risque de
provoquer des interférences.
DES ORGANES MOBILES peuvent
provoquer des blessures.
D Ne pas s’approcher des organes mobiles.
D Ne pas s’approcher des points de coincement
tels que des rouleaux de commande.
D
D
LES FILS DE SOUDAGE peuvent
provoquer des blessures.
D
D Ne pas appuyer sur la gâchette avant d’en
avoir reçu l’instruction.
D Ne pas diriger le pistolet vers soi, d’autres
personnes ou toute pièce mécanique en engageant le fil de soudage.
2-4.
D Le rayonnement haute fréquence (HF) peut
provoquer des interférences avec les équipements de radio-navigation et de communication, les services de sécurité et les ordinateurs.
Demander seulement à des personnes qualifiées familiarisées
avec des équipements électroniques de faire fonctionner l’installation.
L’utilisateur est tenu de faire corriger rapidement par un électricien qualifié les interférences résultant de l’installation.
Si le FCC signale des interférences, arrêter immédiatement
l’appareil.
Effectuer régulièrement le contrôle et l’entretien de l’installation.
Maintenir soigneusement fermés les portes et les panneaux des
sources de haute fréquence, maintenir les éclateurs à une
distance correcte et utiliser une terre et un blindage pour réduire
les interférences éventuelles.
D
D L’énergie électromagnétique peut gêner le
fonctionnement d’appareils électroniques
comme des ordinateurs et des robots.
D Veiller à ce que tout l’équipement de la zone de
soudage soit compatible électromagnétiquement.
Pour réduire la possibilité d’interférence, maintenir les câbles de
soudage aussi courts que possible, les grouper, et les poser
aussi bas que possible (ex. par terre).
Veiller à souder à une distance de 100 mètres de tout équipement électronique sensible.
Veiller à ce que ce poste de soudage soit posé et mis à la terre
conformément à ce mode d’emploi.
En cas d’interférences après avoir pris les mesures précédentes, il incombe à l’utilisateur de prendre des mesures supplémentaires telles que le déplacement du poste, l’utilisation de
câbles blindés, l’utilisation de filtres de ligne ou la pose de protecteurs dans la zone de travail.
Proposition californienne 65 Avertissements
Y Les équipements de soudage et de coupage produisent des
fumées et des gaz qui contiennent des produits chimiques dont
l’État de Californie reconnaît qu’ils provoquent des malformations
congénitales et, dans certains cas, des cancers. (Code de santé et
de sécurité de Californie, chapitre 25249.5 et suivants)
Pour les moteurs à essence :
Y Les gaz d’échappement des moteurs contiennent des produits
chimiques dont l’État de Californie reconnaît qu’ils provoquent
des cancers et des malformations congénitales ou autres problèmes de procréation.
Y Les batteries, les bornes et autres accessoires contiennent du
plomb et des composés à base de plomb, produits chimiques
dont l’État de Californie reconnaît qu’ils provoquent des cancers et des malformations congénitales ou autres problèmes de
procréation. Se laver les mains après manipulation.
Pour les moteurs diesel :
Y Les gaz d’échappement des moteurs diesel et certains de leurs
composants sont reconnus par l’État de Californie comme
provoquant des cancers et des malformations congénitales ou autres problèmes de procréation.
OM-277 Page 7
2-5.
Principales normes de sécurité
Safety in Welding, Cutting, and Allied Processes, ANSI Standard Z49.1,
de Global Engineering Documents (téléphone : 1-877-413-5184, site Internet : www.global.ihs.com).
Boulevard, Rexdale, Ontario, Canada M9W 1R3 (téléphone :
800-463-6727 ou à Toronto 416-747-4044, site Internet :
www.csa-international.org).
Recommended Safe Practices for the Preparation for Welding and Cutting of Containers and Piping, American Welding Society Standard AWS
F4.1 de Global Engineering Documents (téléphone : 1-877-413-5184, site
Internet : www.global.ihs.com).
Practice For Occupational And Educational Eye And Face Protection,
ANSI Standard Z87.1, de American National Standards Institute, 11 West
42nd Street, New York, NY 10036-8002 (téléphone : 212-642-4900, site
Internet : www.ansi.org).
National Electrical Code, NFPA Standard 70, de National Fire Protection
Association, P.O. Box 9101, 1 Battery March Park, Quincy, MA
02269-9101 (téléphone : 617-770-3000, site Internet : www.nfpa.org).
Standard for Fire Prevention During Welding, Cutting, and Other Hot
Work, NFPA Standard 51B, de National Fire Protection Association, P.O.
Box 9101, 1 Battery March Park, Quincy, MA 02269-9101 (téléphone :
617-770-3000, site Internet : www.nfpa.org).
Safe Handling of Compressed Gases in Cylinders, CGA Pamphlet P-1,
de Compressed Gas Association, 1735 Jefferson Davis Highway, Suite
1004, Arlington, VA 22202-4102 (téléphone : 703-412-0900, site Internet
: www.cganet.com).
Code for Safety in Welding and Cutting, CSA Standard W117.2, de
Canadian Standards Association, Standards Sales, 178 Rexdale
2-6.
OSHA, Occupational Safety and Health Standards for General Industry,
Title 29, Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), Part 1910, Subpart Q, and
Part 1926, Subpart J, de U.S. Government Printing Office, Superintendent of Documents, P.O. Box 371954, Pittsburgh, PA 15250 (il y a 10
bureaux régionaux−−le téléphone de la région 5, Chicago, est
312-353-2220, site Internet : www.osha.gov).
Information EMF
Considérations sur le soudage et les effets de basse fréquence et des
champs magnétiques et électriques.
Le courant de soudage, pendant son passage dans les câbles de soudage, causera des champs électromagnétiques. Il y a eu et il y a encore un
certain souci à propos de tels champs. Cependant, après avoir examiné
plus de 500 études qui ont été faites pendant une période de recherche
de 17 ans, un comité spécial ruban bleu du National Research Council a
conclu : « L’accumulation de preuves, suivant le jugement du comité, n’a
pas démontré que l’exposition aux champs magnétiques et champs électriques à haute fréquence représente un risque à la santé humaine ».
Toutefois, des études sont toujours en cours et les preuves continuent à
être examinées. En attendant que les conclusions finales de la recherche
soient établies, il vous serait souhaitable de réduire votre exposition aux
champs électromagnétiques pendant le soudage ou le coupage.
Pour réduire les champs magnétiques sur le poste de travail, appliquer
les procédures suivantes :
OM-277 Page 8
1. Maintenir les câbles ensemble en les tordant ou en les enveloppant.
2. Disposer les câbles d’un côté et à distance de l’opérateur.
3. Ne pas courber pas et ne pas entourer pas les câbles autour de
votre corps.
4. Garder le poste de soudage et les câbles le plus loin possible de
vous.
5. Connecter la pince sur la pièce aussi près que possible de la soudure.
En ce qui concerne les stimulateurs cardiaques
Les porteurs de stimulateur cardiaque doivent consulter leur médecin
avant de souder ou d’approcher des opérations de soudage. Si le médecin approuve, il est recommandé de suivre les procédures précédentes.
. A complete Parts List is available at www.MillerWelds.com
SECTION 3 − DEFINITIONS
3-1. General Precautionary Label
Warning! Watch Out! There are
possible hazards as shown by the
symbols.
1
1.1
1.2
1.3
2
2.1
2.2
2.3
3
3.1
3.2
3.3
4
4.1
5
6
Electric shock from welding
electrode or wiring can kill.
Wear dry insulating gloves.
Do not touch electrode with
bare hand. Do not wear wet or
damaged gloves.
Protect yourself from electric
shock by insulating yourself
from work and ground.
Disconnect input plug or
power before working on
machine.
Breathing welding fumes can
be hazardous to your health.
Keep your head out of the
fumes.
Use forced ventilation or local
exhaust to remove the fumes.
Use ventilating fan to remove
fumes.
Welding sparks can cause
explosion or fire.
Keep flammables away from
welding. Do not weld near
flammables.
Welding sparks can cause
fires. Have a fire extinguisher
nearby, and have a
watchperson ready to use it.
Do not weld on drums or any
closed containers.
Arc rays can burn eyes and
injure skin.
Wear hat and safety glasses.
Use ear protection and button
shirt collar. Use welding
helmet with correct shade of
filter. Wear complete body
protection.
Become trained and read the
instructions before working on
the machine or welding.
Do not remove or paint over
(cover) the label.
OM-277 Page 9
. A complete Parts List is available at www.MillerWelds.com
3-2. Input Connection Label
1
1/96
2
3
4
1
Warning! Watch Out! There
are possible hazards as
shown by the symbols.
Electric shock from wiring can
kill.
Disconnect input plug or
power before working on
machine.
Read the Owner’s Manual
before working on this
machine.
Consult rating label for input
power requirements, and
check power available at the
job site − they must match.
Read Owner’s Manual and
inside labels for connection
points and procedures.
Move jumper links as shown
on inside label to match
voltage at job site.
Having a loop of extra length,
connect grounding conductor
first.
Connect line input conductors
as shown on inside label −
double-check all connections,
jumper link positions, and
input voltage before applying
power.
2
3
4
1
2
?
V
?
A
3
?
5
V
6
ÍÍÍÍ
ÍÍÍÍ
ÍÍÍÍ
ÍÍ
ÍÍ
5
7
5
3
8
4
S-179 290
6
7
8
9
9
3-3. Electric Shock And Airflow Label
1
2
1
3
2
3
S-179 563
Warning! Watch Out! There
are possible hazards as
shown by the symbols.
Electric shock from wiring and
exposed weld terminals can
kill.
Close door before turning on
unit.
1/96
3-4. Nameplate Safety Symbols
1
1
1
2
3
4
5
2
3
4
5
6
6
Warning! Watch Out! There
are possible hazards as
shown by the symbols.
Electric shock from welding
electrode or wiring can kill.
Sparks from arcing electrode
can cause explosion or fire −
disconnect cable for process
not in use.
Read Owner’s Manual for
connection procedures.
Electric shock from wiring can
kill.
Disconnect input power
before working on unit or
making terminal strip
connections.
Nameplate D-179 389
OM-277 Page 10
. A complete Parts List is available at www.MillerWelds.com
3-5. Manufacturer’s Rating Labels For CE Products
See Section 4-4.
3-6. Symbols And Definitions
NOTE
A
U0
I1
IP
S
Some symbols are found only on CE products.
Amperes
Amperage/Voltage
Control−Panel
Gas Tungsten Arc
Welding (GTAW)
Shielded Metal Arc
Welding (SMAW)
Temperature
Do Not Switch
While Welding
Arc Force (DIG)
Gas Metal Arc
Welding (GMAW)
Output
Circuit Breaker
Remote
Protective Earth
(Ground)
Positive Weld Output Terminal
Negative Weld
Output Terminal
Input
On
Off
Percent
Direct Current
Conventional Load
Voltage
Line Connection
Duty Cycle
Three-Phase
Transformer
Rectifier
Rated No Load
Voltage (Average)
Primary Current
U1
I2
Primary Voltage
Rated Welding
Current
Degree Of
Protection
Three-Phase
Suitable For Areas
Of Increased
Shock Hazard
Wire Feeder
U2
X
S1
KVA
V
Hz
Volts
Hertz
OM-277 Page 11
. A complete Parts List is available at www.MillerWelds.com
3-7. WEEE Label (For Products Sold Within The EU)
Do not discard product (where applicable) with general waste.
Reuse or recycle Waste Electrical
and Electronic Equipment (WEEE)
by disposing at a designated collection facility.
Contact your local recycling office
or your local distributor for further
information.
Notes
OM-277 Page 12
. A complete Parts List is available at www.MillerWelds.com
SECTION 4 − INSTALLATION
4-1. Specifications
Model
300
Amp
450
Amp
IP
Rating
Rated
Welding
Output
21M
300 A @ 32
Volts DC
DC,
100% Duty
Cycle
21M
450 A @ 38
(36.5) Volts
DC, 100%
Duty Cycle
Amperage/
Voltage
Range
Max
OCV−DC
15 − 375A In
CC Mode
Amperes Input at Rated Load Output
50 or 60 Hz, Three-Phase
200
V
230
V
380
V
400
V
440
V
460
V
575
V
KVA
KW
59 VDC In
CC Mode
57.5
4.0*
50
3.5*
-−
-−
-−
25
1.8*
20
1.4*
20
1.4*
12.9
0.6*
10 − 32V In
CV Mode
43 (40) VDC
In
CV Mode
69
4.0*
60
3.5*
-−
-−
-−
30
1.8*
24
1.4*
23.7
1.4*
13.4
0.6*
20 − 565A In
CC Mode
62 (62) VDC
In
CC Mode
91
4.2*
79
3.8*
48
1.8*
46
1.6*
41
1.4*
39
1.9*
31
1.5*
31.4
1.5*
22
0.7*
10 − 38V In
CV Mode
42 (50) VDC
In
CV Mode
104
4.2*
90
3.8*
52.5
1.6*
51
1.4*
46
1.3*
45
1.9*
36
1.5*
35.3
1.5*
22.3
0.7*
*While idling
( ) Indicates specification differences for CE models
4-2. Duty Cycle And Overheating
Duty Cycle is percentage of 10 minutes that unit can weld at rated load
without overheating.
If unit overheats, thermostat(s)
opens, output stops, and cooling
fan runs. Wait fifteen minutes for
unit to cool. Reduce amperage or
duty cycle before welding.
Y Exceeding duty cycle can
damage unit and void
warranty.
100% Duty Cycle
Continuous Welding
Overheating
A/V
0
15
Minutes
OR
Reduce Duty Cycle
duty1 4/95 / Ref. SA-168 918
OM-277 Page 13
. A complete Parts List is available at www.MillerWelds.com
4-3. Volt-Ampere Curves
Volt-ampere curves show minimum and maximum voltage and
amperage output capabilities of
unit. Curves of other settings fall between curves shown.
300 Amp
450 Amp
A. CC Mode
A. CC Mode
B. CV Mode
B. CV Mode
va_curve1 − 4/95 − ST-168 912 / ST-168 913 / ST-168 914 / ST-168 915
OM-277 Page 14
. A complete Parts List is available at www.MillerWelds.com
4-4. Selecting A Location
1
2
Lifting Eye
Lifting Forks
Use lifting eye or lifting forks to
move unit.
Movement
If using lifting forks, extend forks
beyond opposite side of unit.
1
3
OR
2
Rating Label (Non CE Models
Only)
Use rating label to determine input
power needs. Label located under
front access door.
4
Plate Label (CE Models Only)
Label located under front access
door.
5
6
Location
Rating Label (CE Models
Only)
Use rating label to determine input
power needs. Label located on rear
access door (see Section 3-5).
3
6
18 in
(460 mm)
4
Line Disconnect Device
Locate unit near correct input power supply.
Y Special installation may be
required where gasoline or
volatile liquids are present −
see NEC Article 511 or CEC
Section 20.
5
18 in
(460 mm)
OM-277 Page 15
. A complete Parts List is available at www.MillerWelds.com
4-5. Dimensions And Weights
Dimensions
300 Amp Models
450 Amp Models
A
30 in (762 mm) including lift eye
30 in (762 mm) including lift eye
B
23 in (585 mm)
23 in (585 mm)
C
30-1/2 in (775 mm) including strain relief
38 in (966 mm) including strain relief
D
27-1/2 in (699 mm)
35 in (889 mm)
E
3/4 in (19 mm)
1-1/4 in (32 mm)
F
21-1/8 in (537 mm)
21-1/8 in (537 mm)
G
1-1/8 in (29 mm)
1-1/8 in (29 mm)
H
7/16 in (11 mm) Dia
7/16 in (11 mm) Dia
Weight
361 lb (164 kg)
424 lb (192 kg)
F
G
H
4 Holes
A
D
B
C
E
Front
800 453-A / 801 530
OM-277 Page 16
. A complete Parts List is available at www.MillerWelds.com
4-6. Tipping
Y Be careful when placing or
moving unit over uneven
surfaces.
4-7. 115 VAC Receptacle And Supplementary Protector
Y Turn Off power before
connecting to receptacle.
1
115 V 15 A AC Receptacle
RC9
Power is shared between RC9 and
Remote 14 receptacle RC8 (see
Section 4-11).
3
2
2
3
Supplementary Protector CB1
Supplementary Protector CB2
CB1 protects the 115 volts ac portion of RC8 and RC9 from overload.
CB2 protects the 24 volts ac portion
of RC8 and Remote Power On/Off
from overload.
Press button to reset protector.
1
Ref. ST-800 166-D
OM-277 Page 17
. A complete Parts List is available at www.MillerWelds.com
4-8. Weld Output Terminals And Selecting Cable Sizes
Total Cable (Copper) Length In Weld Circuit Not Exceeding
100 ft (30 m) Or Less
YTurn Off power before
connecting to weld output
terminals.
Negative
Positive CC
Terminal
Positive CV
Terminal
150 ft
(45 m)
200 ft
(60 m)
250 ft
(70 m)
300 ft
(90 m)
350 ft
(105 m)
400 ft
(120 m)
Welding
Amperes
10 − 60%
Duty
Cycle
60 − 100%
Duty Cycle
100
4
4
4
3
2
1
1/0
1/0
150
3
3
2
1
1/0
2/0
3/0
3/0
200
3
2
1
1/0
2/0
3/0
4/0
4/0
250
2
1
1/0
2/0
3/0
4/0
2-2/0
2-2/0
300
1
1/0
2/0
3/0
4/0
2-2/0
2-3/0
2-3/0
350
1/0
2/0
3/0
4/0
2-2/0
2-3/0
2-3/0
2-4/0
400
1/0
2/0
3/0
4/0
2-2/0
2-3/0
2-4/0
2-4/0
500
2/0
3/0
4/0
2-2/0
2-3/0
2-4/0
3-3/0
3-3/0
600
3/0
4/0
2-2/0
2-3/0
2-4/0
3-3/0
3-4/0
3-4/0
700
4/0
2-2/0
2-3/0
2-4/0
3-3/0
3-4/0
3-4/0
4-4/0
10 − 100% Duty Cycle
*Weld cable size (AWG) is based on either a 4 volts or less drop or a current density of at least 300 circular mils per ampere. Contact your distributor for
the mm2 equivalent weld cable sizes.
S-0007-E
4-9. Connecting Weld Output Cables
1
4
Do not place
anything between
weld cable terminal
and copper bar.
2
Tools Needed:
3
3/4 in (19 mm)
803 778-B
Correct Installation
Y Turn off power before connecting to
weld output terminals.
1
Weld Output Terminal
2
Supplied Weld Output Terminal Nut
Y Failure to properly connect weld
cables may cause excessive heat
and start a fire, or damage your machine.
3
Weld Cable Terminal
4
Copper Bar
OM-277 Page 18
Remove supplied nut from weld output ter-
Incorrect Installation
minal. Slide weld cable terminal onto weld
output terminal and secure with nut so that
weld cable terminal is tight against copper
bar. Do not place anything between weld
cable terminal and copper bar. Make
sure that the surfaces of the weld cable
terminal and copper bar are clean.
. A complete Parts List is available at www.MillerWelds.com
4-10. Remote 14 Receptacle Information
Socket
24 VOLTS AC
REMOTE OUTPUT CONTROL
115 VOLTS AC
GND
Information
A
24 volts ac. Protected by supplementary protector CB2.
B
Contact closure to A completes 24 volts ac contactor control circuit.
C
Command reference; 0 to +10 volts dc (CC), +10 volts dc (CV).
D
Remote control circuit common.
E
0 to +10 volts dc input command signal from remote control.
F
Current feedback; 0 to +10 volts dc, 1 volt per 100 amperes.
H
Voltage feedback; 0 to +10 volts dc, 1 volt per 10 arc volts.
I
115 volts, 15 amperes, 60 Hz ac. Protected by supplementary protector CB1.
J
Contact closure to I completes 115 volts ac contactor control circuit.
K
Chassis common.
G
Circuit common for 24 and 115 volts ac circuits.
*
REMOTE POWER ON/OFF
To remote On/Off switch.
switch
*
REMOTE VOLTAGE SENSING
*
Voltage sensing signal from Negative (-) weld output terminal.
*
Voltage sensing signal from Positive (+) weld output terminal.
* Not Used
4-11. Connecting Remote Control
Y Turn off power before connecting to Remote 14 receptacle.
1
Remote 14 Receptacle RC8
Connect remote control to RC8.
1
A
B
K
J
I
H
C L N
M
D
G
E F
OR
OR
Ref. ST-800 166-D / Ref. S-0004-A / S-0750
OM-277 Page 19
. A complete Parts List is available at www.MillerWelds.com
4-12. Electrical Service Guide
60 Hertz Models
300 Amp Model
450 Amp Model
Input Voltage
200
230
460
575
200
230
460
575
Input Amperes At Rated Output
69
60
30
24
104
90
45
36
Time-Delay 2
80
70
35
30
125
110
50
45
Normal Operating 3
100
90
45
35
150
125
70
50
4
6
10
10
2
3
8
8
225
(69)
203
(62)
367
(112)
573
(175)
173
(53)
191
(58)
287
(87)
448
(137)
8
8
10
10
6
6
8
10
Max Recommended Standard Fuse Rating In Amperes 1
Min Input Conductor Size In AWG 4
Max Recommended Input Conductor Length In Feet (Meters)
Min Grounding Conductor Size In AWG 4
Reference: 2005 National Electrical Code (NEC)
1 If a circuit breaker is used in place of a fuse, choose a circuit breaker with time-current curves comparable to the recommended fuse.
2 “Time-Delay” fuses are UL class “RK5” .
3 “Normal Operating” (general purpose − no intentional delay) fuses are UL class “K5” (up to and including 60 amp), and UL class “H” ( 65 amp and
above).
4 Conductor data in this section specifies conductor size (excluding flexible cord or cable) between the panelboard and the equipment per NEC Table
310.16. If a flexible cord or cable is used, minimum conductor size may increase. See NEC Table 400.5(A) for flexible cord and cable requirements.
50 Hertz Models
450 Amp Model
Input Voltage
380
400
440
Input Amperes At Rated Output
52.5
51
46
Time-Delay 2
60
60
50
Normal Operating 3
80
80
70
6
6
8
342 (104)
379 (115)
303 (92)
8
8
8
Max Recommended Standard Fuse Rating In Amperes 1
Min Input Conductor Size In AWG
4
Max Recommended Input Conductor Length In Feet (Meters)
Min Grounding Conductor Size In AWG 4
Reference: 2005 National Electrical Code (NEC)
1 If a circuit breaker is used in place of a fuse, choose a circuit breaker with time-current curves comparable to the recommended fuse.
2 “Time-Delay” fuses are UL class “RK5” .
3 “Normal Operating” (general purpose − no intentional delay) fuses are UL class “K5” (up to and including 60 amp), and UL class “H” ( 65 amp and
above).
4 Conductor data in this section specifies conductor size (excluding flexible cord or cable) between the panelboard and the equipment per NEC Table
310.16. If a flexible cord or cable is used, minimum conductor size may increase. See NEC Table 400.5(A) for flexible cord and cable requirements.
OM-277 Page 20
. A complete Parts List is available at www.MillerWelds.com
4-13. Placing Jumper Links
Y Disconnect and lockout/tagout input power before
installing or moving jumper
links.
Check input voltage available at
site.
1
Jumper Link Label
Check label − only one is on unit.
2
Jumper Links
Move jumper links to match input
voltage.
Close and secure access door, or
go on to Section 4-14.
200 VOLTS
230 VOLTS
460 VOLTS
Ref. S-174 976-B
230 VOLTS
460 VOLTS
575 VOLTS
Ref. S-174 973-B
1
220 VOLTS
380 VOLTS
400 VOLTS
440 VOLTS
(FACTORY OPTION)
380 VOLTS
Ref. S-174 975-B
520 VOLTS
2
Ref. S-177 159-A
Tools Needed:
3/8 in
3/8 in
Do not overtighten
jumper link nuts.
Ref. ST-800 103-A
OM-277 Page 21
. A complete Parts List is available at www.MillerWelds.com
4-14. Connecting Input Power
Y Installation must meet all National
and Local Codes − have only qualified persons make this installation.
3
Y Disconnect and lockout/tagout input power before connecting input
conductors from unit.
9
= GND/PE Earth Ground
Y Make input power connections to
the welding power source first.
8
Y Always connect green or green/
yellow conductor to supply
grounding terminal first, and never
to a line terminal.
See rating label on unit and check input
voltage available at site.
11
1
10
Input Power Conductors (Customer
Supplied Cord)
Select size and length of conductors using
Section 4-12. Conductors must comply
with national, state, and local electrical
codes. If applicable, use lugs of proper
amperage capacity and correct hole size.
2
4
7
Welding Power Source Input Power
Connections
2
3
4
IMPORTANT
6
3
Input Contactor
L1 (U)
7 L2 (V)
L3 (W)
4
5
7
4
3
= GND/ PE Earth Ground
Machine Grounding Terminal
Green Or Green/Yellow Grounding
Conductor
Reed Switch (Ground Current
Sensor) (Optional)
Connect green or green/yellow grounding
conductor to welding power source
grounding terminal first. If unit is equipped
with optional ground current sensor, route
grounding conductor through reed switch
two times and connect to grounding terminal.
6
5
Strain Relief
Route conductors (cord) through strain relief and tighten screws.
1
Welding Power Source Line
Terminals
Input Conductors L1 (U), L2 (V) And
L3 (W)
Connect input conductors L1 (U), L2 (V)
and L3 (W) to welding power source line
terminals.
Close and secure access door on welding
power source.
Disconnect Device Input Power Connections
8
9
Disconnect Device (switch shown in
OFF position)
Disconnect Device (Supply)
Grounding Terminal
Connect green or green/yellow grounding
conductor to disconnect device grounding
terminal first.
Tools Needed:
3/8 in
3/8 in
10 Disconnect Device Line Terminals
Connect input conductors L1 (U), L2 (V)
And L3 (W) to disconnect device line
terminals.
11 Over-Current Protection
Select type and size of over-current
protection using Section 4-12 (fused disconnect switch shown).
Close and secure door on line disconnect
device. Remove lockout/tagout device,
and place switch in the On position.
800 103-C / Ref. 801 116-A
OM-277 Page 22
. A complete Parts List is available at www.MillerWelds.com
SECTION 5 − OPERATION
5-1. Controls (Non CE Models)
450 Amp Model Shown
1
2
9
3
4
5
8
7
6
Ref. ST-184 940
1
2
Process Selector Switch
Arc Force (Dig) Control
Control increases SMAW short-circuit amperage which allows the operator to use a very
short arc length without sticking the electrode.
Set control at 0 for normal welding amperage.
Turn clockwise to increase short-circuit
amperage.
3 Hot Start Switch
Turn switch On for SMAW, SAW, and CAC-A.
Turn Off for GTAW welding.
When set in On position, higher short-circuit
amperage helps arc starting. After arc starts,
the Amperage/Voltage control setting determines weld amperage.
4 Amperage/Voltage Adjustment Control
When Process Selector switch is in the
SMAW/GTAW position, turn control clockwise
to increase amperage. Read amperage from
outer scale of control. When Process Selector
switch is in the GMAW position, turn control
clockwise to increase voltage. Voltmeter value
changes as control knob is turned. Control can
be adjusted while welding.
5 Digital Meters
With Process Selector switch in the SMAW/
GTAW position, digital meters will read 0 (zero)
with contactor off. Digital meters will display
actual output voltage and amperage with contactor on.
With Process Selector switch in the GMAW
position, voltmeter displays preset voltage
with contactor off. Voltmeter and ammeter display actual output voltage and amperage with
contactor on.
6 Power Switch With Indicator Light
7
High Temperature Shutdown Light
8
Remote Amperage/Voltage Control
Switch
For front panel control, place switch in Panel
position. For remote control, place switch in
Remote position, and connect remote device
(see Section 4-11).
9
Output Switch (Contactor)
For front panel control of output, place switch
in Panel position. For remote control of output,
place switch in Remote position, and connect
remote device (see Section 4-11).
Y Weld output studs are energized only
when Output switch is in On position,
or while welding.
Y Turn Off power before connecting to
remote device.
OM-277 Page 23
. A complete Parts List is available at www.MillerWelds.com
5-2. Controls (CE Models)
300 Amp Model Shown
1
2
9
3
4
5
8
7
6
Ref. ST-184 938
1
2
Process Selector Switch
Arc Force (Dig) Control
Control increases SMAW short-circuit amperage which allows the operator to use a very
short arc length without sticking the electrode.
Set control at 0 for normal welding amperage.
Turn clockwise to increase short-circuit
amperage.
3 Hot Start Switch
Turn switch On for SMAW, SAW, and CAC-A.
Turn Off for GTAW welding.
When set in On position, higher short-circuit
amperage helps arc starting. After arc starts,
the Amperage/Voltage control setting determines weld amperage.
4 Amperage/Voltage Adjustment Control
When Process Selector switch is in the
OM-277 Page 24
SMAW/GTAW position, turn control clockwise
to increase amperage. Read amperage from
outer scale of control. When Process Selector
switch is in the GMAW position, turn control
clockwise to increase voltage. Voltmeter value
changes as control knob is turned. Control can
be adjusted while welding.
5 Digital Meters
With Process Selector switch in the SMAW/
GTAW position, digital meters will read 0 (zero)
with contactor off. Digital meters will display
actual output voltage and amperage with contactor on.
With Process Selector switch in the GMAW
position, voltmeter displays preset voltage with
contactor off. Voltmeter and ammeter display
actual output voltage and amperage with contactor on.
6 Power Switch With Indicator Light
7
High Temperature Shutdown Light
8
Remote Amperage/Voltage Control
Switch
For front panel control, place switch in Panel
position. For remote control, place switch in
Remote position, and connect remote device
(see Section 4-11).
9
Output Switch (Contactor)
For front panel control of output, place switch
in Panel position. For remote control of output,
place switch in Remote position, and connect
remote device (see Section 4-11).
Y Weld output studs are energized only
when Output switch is in On position,
or while welding.
Y Turn Off power before connecting to remote device.
. A complete Parts List is available at www.MillerWelds.com
SECTION 6 − MAINTENANCE & TROUBLESHOOTING
6-1. Routine Maintenance
Y Disconnect input power before maintaining.
3 Months
Repair or
replace
cracked
weld cable.
Replace
unreadable
labels.
Clean and
tighten weld
terminals.
6 Months
Blow out or
vacuum inside.
During heavy
service, clean monthly.
OR
6-2. Fuse F1
Y Disconnect input power before opening rear access
door.
1
1
Fuse F1 (See Parts List For
Rating)
Fuse F1 protects control transformer from overload. If F1 opens, weld
output and fan motor stops. Replace F1.
Close and secure access door.
Tools Needed:
3/8 in
Ref. ST-800 101-C
6-3. Short Circuit Shutdown
When contact tip is shorted and sticks to workpiece, the unit output falls to a safe operating level. To resume operation,
release gun trigger, turn Off unit, and remove contact tip from workpiece. Check contact tip and replace if damaged.
Turn On unit to continue operation.
OM-277 Page 25
. A complete Parts List is available at www.MillerWelds.com
6-4. Troubleshooting
Trouble
No weld output; unit completely inoperative; pilot light PL1 off.
Remedy
Place line disconnect device in On position (see Section 4-14).
Check for open line fuse(s), and replace if open (see Section 4-14).
Check for proper input power connections (see Section 4-14).
Check for proper jumper link position (see Section 4-13).
Check fuse F1, and replace if necessary (see Section 6-2).
No weld output; pilot light PL1 on.
Unit overheated. Allow unit to cool with fan On (see Section 4-2).
If using remote control, place Output (Contactor) switch in Remote 14 position, and connect remote
control (see Sections 4-10 and 4-11). If remote is not being used, place switch in On position (see
Section 5-2).
Check, repair, or replace remote control.
No weld output; power switch pilot light
on; fan off.
off
Check for proper input power connections (see Section 4-14).
Check for open line fuse(s), and replace if open, or reset circuit breaker (see Section 4-14).
Turn power switch off then back on. If no output condition remains, have Factory Authorized Service
agent check SCR’s.
Limited weld output and low
open-circuit voltage.
Check position of Remote Amperage/Voltage Control switch (see Section 5-2).
Check for open line fuse(s), and replace if open (see Section 4-14).
Check for proper input power connections (see Section 4-14).
Check for proper jumper link position (see Section 4-13).
Clean and tighten all weld output connections.
Unit provides only maximum or minimum weld output.
Have Factory Authorized Service Agent check control board PC1 and hall device HD1.
Check position of Remote Amperage/Voltage Control switch (see Section 5-2).
Erratic or improper weld output.
Use proper size and type of weld cable (see Section 4-8).
Clean and tighten all weld connections.
Check wire feeder installation according to Owner’s Manual.
Check position of Process selector switch (see Section 5-2).
Have Factory Authorized Service Agent check control board PC1 and hall device HD1.
No 115 volts ac output at duplex receptacle, or Remote 14 receptacle.
Reset supplementary protector CB1 (see Section 4-7).
No 24 volts ac output at Remote 14 receptacle.
Reset supplementary protector CB2 (see Section 4-7).
Fan not operating. Note: fan only runs
when cooling is necessary.
Check for and remove anything blocking fan movement.
Have Factory Authorized Service Agent check fan motor.
Wandering arc; poor control of arc direction.
Reduce gas flow rate.
Select proper size tungsten.
Properly prepare tungsten.
Tungsten electrode oxidizing and not
remaining bright after conclusion of
weld.
Shield weld zone from drafts.
Increase postflow time.
Check and tighten all gas fittings.
Properly prepare tungsten.
Check for water in torch, and repair torch if necessary. See torch Owner’s Manual.
Digital meter not working properly.
OM-277 Page 26
Have Factory Authorized Service Agent check control board PC1 and connections, and replace if
necessary.
. A complete Parts List is available at www.MillerWelds.com
Notes
Work like a Pro!
Pros weld and cut
safely. Read the
safety rules at
the beginning
of this manual.
OM-277 Page 27
SECTION 7 − ELECTRICAL DIAGRAM
Figure 7-1. Circuit Diagram
OM-277 Page 28
218 513-A
OM-277 Page 29
SECTION 8 − PARTS LIST
NOTE
A complete Parts List is available on-line at www.MillerWelds.com.
http://www.millerwelds.com/service/replacementparts.html
Choose Genuine Select to review spare parts requirements such
as filters, spark plugs, and fuses.
Choose Service Parts to download complete parts listing.
Notes
OM-227 Page 30
Effective January 1, 2007
(Equipment with a serial number preface of “LH” or newer)
Warranty Questions?
Call
1-800-4-A-MILLER
for your local
Miller distributor.
Your distributor also gives
you ...
Service
You always get the fast,
reliable response you
need. Most replacement
parts can be in your
hands in 24 hours.
Support
Need fast answers to the
tough welding questions?
Contact your distributor.
The expertise of the
distributor and Miller is
there to help you, every
step of the way.
This limited warranty supersedes all previous Miller warranties and is exclusive with no other
guarantees or warranties expressed or implied.
LIMITED WARRANTY − Subject to the terms and conditions
* Induction Heating Coils and Blankets, Cables, and
below, Miller Electric Mfg. Co., Appleton, Wisconsin, warrants to
Non-Electronic Controls
its original retail purchaser that new Miller equipment sold after
* APT & SAF Model Plasma Cutting Torches
the effective date of this limited warranty is free of defects in
* Remote Controls
material and workmanship at the time it is shipped by Miller. THIS
WARRANTY IS EXPRESSLY IN LIEU OF ALL OTHER
* Accessory (Kits)
WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING THE
* Replacement Parts (No labor)
WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS.
* Spoolmate Spoolguns
Within the warranty periods listed below, Miller will repair or
* Canvas Covers
replace any warranted parts or components that fail due to such
defects in material or workmanship. Miller must be notified in
writing within thirty (30) days of such defect or failure, at which
time Miller will provide instructions on the warranty claim
procedures to be followed.
Miller shall honor warranty claims on warranted equipment listed
below in the event of such a failure within the warranty time
periods. All warranty time periods start on the delivery date of the
equipment to the original end-user purchaser, and not to exceed
one year after the equipment is shipped to a North American
distributor or eighteen months after the equipment is shipped to
an International distributor.
1.
5 Years Parts — 3 Years Labor
2.
3 Years — Parts and Labor
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
3.
Original main power rectifiers
Transformer/Rectifier Power Sources
Plasma Arc Cutting Power Sources
Process Controllers
Semi-Automatic and Automatic Wire Feeders
Inverter Power Sources (Unless Otherwise Stated)
Water Coolant Systems (Integrated)
Intellitig
Engine Driven Welding Generators
(NOTE: Engines are warranted separately by the
engine manufacturer.)
1 Year — Parts and Labor Unless Specified
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
Motor Driven Guns (w/exception of Spoolmate
Spoolguns)
Positioners and Controllers
Automatic Motion Devices
RFCS Foot Controls
Induction Heating Power Sources, Coolers, and
Electronic
Controls/Recorders
Water Coolant Systems (Non-Integrated)
Flowgauge and Flowmeter Regulators (No Labor)
HF Units
Grids
Spot Welders
Load Banks
Arc Stud Power Sources & Arc Stud Guns
Racks
Running Gear/Trailers
Plasma Cutting Torches (except APT & SAF
Models)
Field Options
(NOTE: Field options are covered under True Blue®
for the remaining warranty period of the product they
are installed in, or for a minimum of one year —
whichever is greater.)
Bernard-Branded Mig Guns (No Labor)
Weldcraft-Branded TIG Torches (No Labor)
Subarc Wire Drive Assemblies
4.
6 Months — Batteries
5.
90 Days — Parts
*
MIG Guns/TIG Torches and Subarc (SAW) Guns
Miller’s True Blue® Limited Warranty shall not apply to:
1.
Consumable components; such as contact tips,
cutting nozzles, contactors, brushes, slip rings, relays
or parts that fail due to normal wear. (Exception:
brushes, slip rings, and relays are covered on Bobcat,
Trailblazer, and Legend models.)
2.
Items furnished by Miller, but manufactured by others, such
as engines or trade accessories. These items are covered
by the manufacturer’s warranty, if any.
3.
Equipment that has been modified by any party other than
Miller, or equipment that has been improperly installed,
improperly operated or misused based upon industry
standards, or equipment which has not had reasonable and
necessary maintenance, or equipment which has been
used for operation outside of the specifications for the
equipment.
MILLER PRODUCTS ARE INTENDED FOR PURCHASE AND
USE BY COMMERCIAL/INDUSTRIAL USERS AND PERSONS
TRAINED AND EXPERIENCED IN THE USE AND
MAINTENANCE OF WELDING EQUIPMENT.
In the event of a warranty claim covered by this warranty, the
exclusive remedies shall be, at Miller’s option: (1) repair; or (2)
replacement; or, where authorized in writing by Miller in
appropriate cases, (3) the reasonable cost of repair or
replacement at an authorized Miller service station; or (4)
payment of or credit for the purchase price (less reasonable
depreciation based upon actual use) upon return of the goods at
customer’s risk and expense. Miller’s option of repair or
replacement will be F.O.B., Factory at Appleton, Wisconsin, or
F.O.B. at a Miller authorized service facility as determined by
Miller. Therefore no compensation or reimbursement for
transportation costs of any kind will be allowed.
TO THE EXTENT PERMITTED BY LAW, THE REMEDIES
PROVIDED HEREIN ARE THE SOLE AND EXCLUSIVE
REMEDIES. IN NO EVENT SHALL MILLER BE LIABLE FOR
DIRECT,
INDIRECT,
SPECIAL,
INCIDENTAL
OR
CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING LOSS OF
PROFIT), WHETHER BASED ON CONTRACT, TORT OR ANY
OTHER LEGAL THEORY.
ANY EXPRESS WARRANTY NOT PROVIDED HEREIN AND
ANY
IMPLIED
WARRANTY,
GUARANTY
OR
REPRESENTATION AS TO PERFORMANCE, AND ANY
REMEDY FOR BREACH OF CONTRACT TORT OR ANY
OTHER LEGAL THEORY WHICH, BUT FOR THIS
PROVISION, MIGHT ARISE BY IMPLICATION, OPERATION
OF LAW, CUSTOM OF TRADE OR COURSE OF DEALING,
INCLUDING
ANY
IMPLIED
WARRANTY
OF
MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR PARTICULAR
PURPOSE, WITH RESPECT TO ANY AND ALL EQUIPMENT
FURNISHED BY MILLER IS EXCLUDED AND DISCLAIMED
BY MILLER.
Some states in the U.S.A. do not allow limitations of how long an
implied warranty lasts, or the exclusion of incidental, indirect,
special or consequential damages, so the above limitation or
exclusion may not apply to you. This warranty provides specific
legal rights, and other rights may be available, but may vary from
state to state.
In Canada, legislation in some provinces provides for certain
additional warranties or remedies other than as stated herein,
and to the extent that they may not be waived, the limitations and
exclusions set out above may not apply. This Limited Warranty
provides specific legal rights, and other rights may be available,
but may vary from province to province.
miller_warr 2007−01
Owner’s Record
Please complete and retain with your personal records.
Model Name
Serial/Style Number
Purchase Date
(Date which equipment was delivered to original customer.)
Distributor
Address
City
State
Zip
For Service
Contact a DISTRIBUTOR or SERVICE AGENCY near you.
Always provide Model Name and Serial/Style Number.
Contact your Distributor for:
Welding Supplies and Consumables
Options and Accessories
Personal Safety Equipment
Service and Repair
Miller Electric Mfg. Co.
Replacement Parts
Training (Schools, Videos, Books)
Technical Manuals (Servicing Information
and Parts)
Circuit Diagrams
Welding Process Handbooks
To locate a Distributor or Service Agency visit
www.millerwelds.com or call 1-800-4-A-Miller
Contact the Delivering Carrier to:
File a claim for loss or damage during
shipment.
For assistance in filing or settling claims, contact
your distributor and/or equipment manufacturer’s
Transportation Department.
PRINTED IN USA
© 2007 Miller Electric Mfg. Co. 2007−01
An Illinois Tool Works Company
1635 West Spencer Street
Appleton, WI 54914 USA
International Headquarters−USA
USA Phone: 920-735-4505 Auto-Attended
USA & Canada FAX: 920-735-4134
International FAX: 920-735-4125
European Headquarters −
United Kingdom
Phone: 44 (0) 1204-593493
FAX: 44 (0) 1204-598066
www.MillerWelds.com
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