Miller | MB260624J | Owner Manual | Miller DIVERSION 165, DIVERSION 180 AUTO-LINE User manual

Miller DIVERSION 165, DIVERSION 180 AUTO-LINE User manual
OM-246 522F
2011−05
Processes
TIG (GTAW) Welding
Description
Diversion 165: 230 Volt Arc Welding
Power Source
Diversion 180: 115-230 VAC Arc Welding Power Source w/Auto-Linet
DIVERSIONt165 And
DIVERSIONt180 w/Auto-Linet
File: TIG (GTAW)
Visit our website at
www.MillerWelds.com
From Miller to You
Thank you and congratulations on choosing Miller. Now you can get
the job done and get it done right. We know you don’t have time to do
it any other way.
That’s why when Niels Miller first started building arc welders in 1929,
he made sure his products offered long-lasting value and superior
quality. Like you, his customers couldn’t afford anything less. Miller
products had to be more than the best they could be. They had to be the
best you could buy.
Today, the people that build and sell Miller products continue the
tradition. They’re just as committed to providing equipment and service
that meets the high standards of quality and value established in 1929.
This Owner’s Manual is designed to help you get the most out of your
Miller products. Please take time to read the Safety precautions. They
will help you protect yourself against potential hazards on the worksite.
We’ve made installation and operation quick
and easy. With Miller you can count on years
of reliable service with proper maintenance.
And if for some reason the unit needs repair,
there’s a Troubleshooting section that will
help you figure out what the problem is. The
Miller is the first welding parts list will then help you to decide the
equipment manufacturer in exact part you may need to fix the problem.
the U.S.A. to be registered to
the ISO 9001 Quality System Warranty and service information for your
Standard.
particular model are also provided.
Miller Electric manufactures a full line
of welders and welding related equipment.
For information on other quality Miller
products, contact your local Miller distributor to receive the latest full
line catalog or individual specification sheets. To locate your nearest
distributor or service agency call 1-800-4-A-Miller, or visit us at
www.MillerWelds.com on the web.
Mil_Thank 2009−09
Working as hard as you do
− every power source from
Miller is backed by the most
hassle-free warranty in the
business.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
TABLE OF CONTENTS
SECTION 1 − SAFETY PRECAUTIONS - READ BEFORE USING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-1. Symbol Usage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1
1
1-2. Arc Welding Hazards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-3. Additional Symbols For Installation, Operation, And Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-4. California Proposition 65 Warnings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-5. Principal Safety Standards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-6. EMF Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SECTION 2 − CONSIGNES DE SÉCURITÉ − LIRE AVANT UTILISATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-1. Symboles utilisés . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-2. Dangers relatifs au soudage à l’arc . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-3. Dangers supplémentaires en relation avec l’installation, le fonctionnement et la maintenance . . . . .
1
3
4
4
4
5
5
5
7
2-4. Proposition californienne 65 Avertissements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-5. Principales normes de sécurité . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-6. Informations relatives aux CEM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SECTION 3 − SPECIFICATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-1. Included with Your Unit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-2. Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-3. Serial Number And Rating Label Location . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-4. Dimensions And Weights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-5. Duty Cycle Charts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8
9
9
11
11
11
11
12
13
SECTION 4 − INSTALLATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-1. Selecting A Location (All Models) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-2. Remote Receptacle For Optional Foot Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-3. Shielding Gas Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-4. Electrical Service Guide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-6. Connecting 230 Volts Input Power For Diversion 165 Models . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-7. Connecting 115 Volts Input Power For Diversion 180 Models . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-8. Connecting 230 Volts Input Power For Diversion 180 Models . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-9. Multi−Voltage Plug (MVP) Connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
14
14
14
15
15
16
17
18
19
SECTION 5 − OPERATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-1. Controls For Diversion 165 Models . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-2. Controls For Diversion 180 Models . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SECTION 6 − MAINTENANCE AND TROUBLESHOOTING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-1. Routine Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-2. Circuit Breaker CB1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-3. Meter Troubleshooting Displays For Diversion 180 Models . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-4. Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
20
20
22
24
24
24
25
25
SECTION 7 − ELECTRICAL DIAGRAMS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SECTION 8 − HIGH FREQUENCY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8-1. Welding Processes Requiring High Frequency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8-2. Installation Showing Possible Sources Of HF Interference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
8-3. Recommended Installation To Reduce HF Interference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
27
29
29
29
30
SECTION 9 − SELECTING AND PREPARING A TUNGSTEN FOR DC OR AC WELDING WITH INVERTER MACHINES
31
9-1. Selecting Tungsten Electrode (Wear Clean gloves To Prevent Contamination Of Tungsten) . . . . . . .
31
9-2. Preparing Tungsten Electrode For DC Electrode Negative (DCEN) Welding Or AC Welding With Inverter Machines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
31
SECTION 10 − GUIDELINES FOR TIG WELDING (GTAW) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
32
10-1. Positioning The Torch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
32
10-2. Torch Movement During Welding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
33
10-3. Positioning Torch Tungsten For Various Weld Joints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
33
OPTIONS AND ACCESSORIES
WARRANTY
SECTION 1 − SAFETY PRECAUTIONS - READ BEFORE USING
som 2011−01
7
Protect yourself and others from injury — read and follow these precautions.
1-1. Symbol Usage
DANGER! − Indicates a hazardous situation which, if
not avoided, will result in death or serious injury. The
possible hazards are shown in the adjoining symbols
or explained in the text.
Indicates a hazardous situation which, if not avoided,
could result in death or serious injury. The possible
hazards are shown in the adjoining symbols or explained in the text.
NOTICE − Indicates statements not related to personal injury.
. Indicates special instructions.
This group of symbols means Warning! Watch Out! ELECTRIC
SHOCK, MOVING PARTS, and HOT PARTS hazards. Consult symbols and related instructions below for necessary actions to avoid the
hazards.
1-2. Arc Welding Hazards
The symbols shown below are used throughout this manual
to call attention to and identify possible hazards. When you
see the symbol, watch out, and follow the related instructions
to avoid the hazard. The safety information given below is
only a summary of the more complete safety information
found in the Safety Standards listed in Section 1-5. Read and
follow all Safety Standards.
Only qualified persons should install, operate, maintain, and
repair this unit.
During operation, keep everybody, especially children, away.
D Always verify the supply ground − check and be sure that input
power cord ground wire is properly connected to ground terminal in
disconnect box or that cord plug is connected to a properly
grounded receptacle outlet.
D When making input connections, attach proper grounding conductor first − double-check connections.
D Keep cords dry, free of oil and grease, and protected from hot metal
and sparks.
D Frequently inspect input power cord for damage or bare wiring −
replace cord immediately if damaged − bare wiring can kill.
D Turn off all equipment when not in use.
D Do not use worn, damaged, undersized, or poorly spliced cables.
ELECTRIC SHOCK can kill.
Touching live electrical parts can cause fatal shocks
or severe burns. The electrode and work circuit is
electrically live whenever the output is on. The input
power circuit and machine internal circuits are also
live when power is on. In semiautomatic or automatic
wire welding, the wire, wire reel, drive roll housing,
and all metal parts touching the welding wire are
electrically live. Incorrectly installed or improperly
grounded equipment is a hazard.
D Do not touch live electrical parts.
D Wear dry, hole-free insulating gloves and body protection.
D Insulate yourself from work and ground using dry insulating mats
or covers big enough to prevent any physical contact with the work
or ground.
D Do not use AC output in damp areas, if movement is confined, or if
there is a danger of falling.
D Use AC output ONLY if required for the welding process.
D If AC output is required, use remote output control if present on
unit.
D Additional safety precautions are required when any of the following electrically hazardous conditions are present: in damp
locations or while wearing wet clothing; on metal structures such
as floors, gratings, or scaffolds; when in cramped positions such
as sitting, kneeling, or lying; or when there is a high risk of unavoidable or accidental contact with the workpiece or ground. For these
conditions, use the following equipment in order presented: 1) a
semiautomatic DC constant voltage (wire) welder, 2) a DC manual
(stick) welder, or 3) an AC welder with reduced open-circuit voltage. In most situations, use of a DC, constant voltage wire welder
is recommended. And, do not work alone!
D Disconnect input power or stop engine before installing or
servicing this equipment. Lockout/tagout input power according to
OSHA 29 CFR 1910.147 (see Safety Standards).
D Properly install and ground this equipment according to its
Owner’s Manual and national, state, and local codes.
D Do not drape cables over your body.
D If earth grounding of the workpiece is required, ground it directly
with a separate cable.
D Do not touch electrode if you are in contact with the work, ground,
or another electrode from a different machine.
D Do not touch electrode holders connected to two welding machines at the same time since double open-circuit voltage will be
present.
D Use only well-maintained equipment. Repair or replace damaged
parts at once. Maintain unit according to manual.
D Wear a safety harness if working above floor level.
D Keep all panels and covers securely in place.
D Clamp work cable with good metal-to-metal contact to workpiece
or worktable as near the weld as practical.
D Insulate work clamp when not connected to workpiece to prevent
contact with any metal object.
D Do not connect more than one electrode or work cable to any
single weld output terminal.
SIGNIFICANT DC VOLTAGE exists in inverter welding power sources AFTER removal of input power.
D Turn Off inverter, disconnect input power, and discharge input
capacitors according to instructions in Maintenance Section
before touching any parts.
HOT PARTS can burn.
D Do not touch hot parts bare handed.
D Allow cooling period before working on equipment.
D To handle hot parts, use proper tools and/or
wear heavy, insulated welding gloves and
clothing to prevent burns.
OM-246 522 Page 1
FUMES AND GASES can be hazardous.
Welding produces fumes and gases. Breathing
these fumes and gases can be hazardous to your
health.
D Keep your head out of the fumes. Do not breathe the fumes.
D If inside, ventilate the area and/or use local forced ventilation at the
arc to remove welding fumes and gases.
D If ventilation is poor, wear an approved air-supplied respirator.
D Read and understand the Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDSs)
and the manufacturer’s instructions for metals, consumables,
coatings, cleaners, and degreasers.
D Work in a confined space only if it is well ventilated, or while
wearing an air-supplied respirator. Always have a trained watchperson nearby. Welding fumes and gases can displace air and
lower the oxygen level causing injury or death. Be sure the breathing air is safe.
D Do not weld in locations near degreasing, cleaning, or spraying operations. The heat and rays of the arc can react with vapors to form
highly toxic and irritating gases.
D Do not weld on coated metals, such as galvanized, lead, or
cadmium plated steel, unless the coating is removed from the weld
area, the area is well ventilated, and while wearing an air-supplied
respirator. The coatings and any metals containing these elements
can give off toxic fumes if welded.
ARC RAYS can burn eyes and skin.
Arc rays from the welding process produce intense
visible and invisible (ultraviolet and infrared) rays
that can burn eyes and skin. Sparks fly off from the
weld.
D Wear an approved welding helmet fitted with a proper shade of
filter lenses to protect your face and eyes from arc rays and
sparks when welding or watching (see ANSI Z49.1 and Z87.1
listed in Safety Standards).
D Wear approved safety glasses with side shields under your
helmet.
D Use protective screens or barriers to protect others from flash,
glare and sparks; warn others not to watch the arc.
D Wear protective clothing made from durable, flame-resistant
material (leather, heavy cotton, or wool) and foot protection.
WELDING can cause fire or explosion.
Welding on closed containers, such as tanks,
drums, or pipes, can cause them to blow up. Sparks
can fly off from the welding arc. The flying sparks, hot
workpiece, and hot equipment can cause fires and
burns. Accidental contact of electrode to metal objects can cause
sparks, explosion, overheating, or fire. Check and be sure the area is
safe before doing any welding.
D Remove all flammables within 35 ft (10.7 m) of the welding arc. If
this is not possible, tightly cover them with approved covers.
D Do not weld where flying sparks can strike flammable material.
D Protect yourself and others from flying sparks and hot metal.
D Be alert that welding sparks and hot materials from welding can
easily go through small cracks and openings to adjacent areas.
D Watch for fire, and keep a fire extinguisher nearby.
D Be aware that welding on a ceiling, floor, bulkhead, or partition can
cause fire on the hidden side.
D Do not weld on closed containers such as tanks, drums, or pipes,
unless they are properly prepared according to AWS F4.1 (see
Safety Standards).
D Do not weld where the atmosphere may contain flammable dust,
gas, or liquid vapors (such as gasoline).
D Connect work cable to the work as close to the welding area as
practical to prevent welding current from traveling long, possibly
unknown paths and causing electric shock, sparks, and fire
hazards.
D Do not use welder to thaw frozen pipes.
OM-246 522 Page 2
D Remove stick electrode from holder or cut off welding wire at
contact tip when not in use.
D Wear oil-free protective garments such as leather gloves, heavy
shirt, cuffless trousers, high shoes, and a cap.
D Remove any combustibles, such as a butane lighter or matches,
from your person before doing any welding.
D After completion of work, inspect area to ensure it is free of sparks,
glowing embers, and flames.
D Use only correct fuses or circuit breakers. Do not oversize or bypass them.
D Follow requirements in OSHA 1910.252 (a) (2) (iv) and NFPA 51B
for hot work and have a fire watcher and extinguisher nearby.
FLYING METAL or DIRT can injure eyes.
D Welding, chipping, wire brushing, and grinding
cause sparks and flying metal. As welds cool,
they can throw off slag.
D Wear approved safety glasses with side
shields even under your welding helmet.
BUILDUP OF GAS can injure or kill.
D Shut off compressed gas supply when not in use.
D Always ventilate confined spaces or use
approved air-supplied respirator.
ELECTRIC AND MAGNETIC FIELDS (EMF)
can affect Implanted Medical Devices.
D Wearers of Pacemakers and other Implanted
Medical Devices should keep away.
D Implanted Medical Device wearers should consult their doctor
and the device manufacturer before going near arc welding, spot
welding, gouging, plasma arc cutting, or induction heating
operations.
NOISE can damage hearing.
Noise from some processes or equipment can
damage hearing.
D Wear approved ear protection if noise level is
high.
CYLINDERS can explode if damaged.
Compressed gas cylinders contain gas under high
pressure. If damaged, a cylinder can explode. Since
gas cylinders are normally part of the welding
process, be sure to treat them carefully.
D Protect compressed gas cylinders from excessive heat, mechanical shocks, physical damage, slag, open flames, sparks, and arcs.
D Install cylinders in an upright position by securing to a stationary
support or cylinder rack to prevent falling or tipping.
D Keep cylinders away from any welding or other electrical circuits.
D Never drape a welding torch over a gas cylinder.
D Never allow a welding electrode to touch any cylinder.
D Never weld on a pressurized cylinder − explosion will result.
D Use only correct compressed gas cylinders, regulators, hoses,
and fittings designed for the specific application; maintain them
and associated parts in good condition.
D Turn face away from valve outlet when opening cylinder valve.
D Keep protective cap in place over valve except when cylinder is in
use or connected for use.
D Use the right equipment, correct procedures, and sufficient number of persons to lift and move cylinders.
D Read and follow instructions on compressed gas cylinders,
associated equipment, and Compressed Gas Association (CGA)
publication P-1 listed in Safety Standards.
1-3. Additional Symbols For Installation, Operation, And Maintenance
FIRE OR EXPLOSION hazard.
D Do not install or place unit on, over, or near
combustible surfaces.
D Do not install unit near flammables.
D Do not overload building wiring − be sure power supply system is
properly sized, rated, and protected to handle this unit.
FALLING EQUIPMENT can injure.
D Use lifting eye to lift unit only, NOT running
gear, gas cylinders, or any other accessories.
D Use equipment of adequate capacity to lift and
support unit.
D If using lift forks to move unit, be sure forks are long enough to
extend beyond opposite side of unit.
D Keep equipment (cables and cords) away from moving vehicles
when working from an aerial location.
D Follow the guidelines in the Applications Manual for the Revised
NIOSH Lifting Equation (Publication No. 94−110) when manually lifting heavy parts or equipment.
MOVING PARTS can injure.
D Keep away from moving parts such as fans.
D Keep all doors, panels, covers, and guards
closed and securely in place.
D Have only qualified persons remove doors, panels, covers, or
guards for maintenance and troubleshooting as necessary.
D Reinstall doors, panels, covers, or guards when maintenance is
finished and before reconnecting input power.
READ INSTRUCTIONS.
D Read and follow all labels and the Owner’s
Manual carefully before installing, operating, or
servicing unit. Read the safety information at
the beginning of the manual and in each
section.
D Use only genuine replacement parts from the manufacturer.
D Perform maintenance and service according to the Owner’s
Manuals, industry standards, and national, state, and local
codes.
OVERUSE can cause OVERHEATING
H.F. RADIATION can cause interference.
D Allow cooling period; follow rated duty cycle.
D Reduce current or reduce duty cycle before
starting to weld again.
D Do not block or filter airflow to unit.
FLYING SPARKS can injure.
D Wear a face shield to protect eyes and face.
D Shape tungsten electrode only on grinder with
proper guards in a safe location wearing proper
face, hand, and body protection.
D Sparks can cause fires — keep flammables away.
D
D
D
D
STATIC (ESD) can damage PC boards.
D Put on grounded wrist strap BEFORE handling
boards or parts.
D Use proper static-proof bags and boxes to
store, move, or ship PC boards.
ARC WELDING can cause interference.
MOVING PARTS can injure.
D Keep away from moving parts.
D Keep away from pinch points such as drive
rolls.
WELDING WIRE can injure.
D Do not press gun trigger until instructed to do
so.
D Do not point gun toward any part of the body,
other people, or any metal when threading
welding wire.
D High-frequency (H.F.) can interfere with radio
navigation, safety services, computers, and
communications equipment.
D Have only qualified persons familiar with
electronic equipment perform this installation.
The user is responsible for having a qualified electrician promptly correct any interference problem resulting from the installation.
If notified by the FCC about interference, stop using the
equipment at once.
Have the installation regularly checked and maintained.
Keep high-frequency source doors and panels tightly shut, keep
spark gaps at correct setting, and use grounding and shielding to
minimize the possibility of interference.
D
D
D
D
D Electromagnetic energy can interfere with
sensitive electronic equipment such as
computers and computer-driven equipment
such as robots.
D Be sure all equipment in the welding area is
electromagnetically compatible.
To reduce possible interference, keep weld cables as short as
possible, close together, and down low, such as on the floor.
Locate welding operation 100 meters from any sensitive electronic equipment.
Be sure this welding machine is installed and grounded
according to this manual.
If interference still occurs, the user must take extra measures
such as moving the welding machine, using shielded cables,
using line filters, or shielding the work area.
OM-246 522 Page 3
1-4. California Proposition 65 Warnings
Welding or cutting equipment produces fumes or gases
which contain chemicals known to the State of California to
cause birth defects and, in some cases, cancer. (California
Health & Safety Code Section 25249.5 et seq.)
Battery posts, terminals and related accessories contain lead
and lead compounds, chemicals known to the State of
California to cause cancer and birth defects or other
reproductive harm. Wash hands after handling.
For Gasoline Engines:
Engine exhaust contains chemicals known to the State of
California to cause cancer, birth defects, or other reproductive harm.
For Diesel Engines:
Diesel engine exhaust and some of its constituents are
known to the State of California to cause cancer, birth
defects, and other reproductive harm.
This product contains chemicals, including lead, known to
the state of California to cause cancer, birth defects, or other
reproductive harm. Wash hands after use.
1-5. Principal Safety Standards
Safety in Welding, Cutting, and Allied Processes, ANSI Standard Z49.1,
from Global Engineering Documents (phone: 1-877-413-5184, website:
www.global.ihs.com).
Safe Practices for the Preparation of Containers and Piping for Welding
and Cutting, American Welding Society Standard AWS F4.1, from Global Engineering Documents (phone: 1-877-413-5184, website:
www.global.ihs.com).
National Electrical Code, NFPA Standard 70, from National Fire Protection Association, Quincy, MA 02269 (phone: 1-800-344-3555, website:
www.nfpa.org and www. sparky.org).
Safe Handling of Compressed Gases in Cylinders, CGA Pamphlet P-1,
from Compressed Gas Association, 4221 Walney Road, 5th Floor,
Chantilly, VA 20151 (phone: 703-788-2700, website:www.cganet.com).
Safety in Welding, Cutting, and Allied Processes, CSA Standard
W117.2, from Canadian Standards Association, Standards Sales, 5060
Spectrum Way, Suite 100, Ontario, Canada L4W 5NS (phone:
800-463-6727, website: www.csa-international.org).
Safe Practice For Occupational And Educational Eye And Face Protection, ANSI Standard Z87.1, from American National Standards Institute,
25 West 43rd Street, New York, NY 10036 (phone: 212-642-4900, website: www.ansi.org).
Standard for Fire Prevention During Welding, Cutting, and Other Hot
Work, NFPA Standard 51B, from National Fire Protection Association,
Quincy, MA 02269 (phone: 1-800-344-3555, website: www.nfpa.org.
OSHA, Occupational Safety and Health Standards for General Industry, Title 29, Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), Part 1910, Subpart Q,
and Part 1926, Subpart J, from U.S. Government Printing Office, Superintendent of Documents, P.O. Box 371954, Pittsburgh, PA 15250-7954
(phone: 1-866-512-1800) (there are 10 OSHA Regional Offices—
phone for Region 5, Chicago, is 312-353-2220, website:
www.osha.gov).
U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC), 4330 East West
Highway, Bethesda, MD 20814 (phone: 301-504-7923, website:
www.cpsc.gov).
Applications Manual for the Revised NIOSH Lifting Equation, The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), 1600
Clifton Rd, Atlanta, GA 30333 (phone: 1-800-232-4636, website:
www.cdc.gov/NIOSH).
1-6. EMF Information
Electric current flowing through any conductor causes localized electric
and magnetic fields (EMF). Welding current creates an EMF field
around the welding circuit and welding equipment. EMF fields may interfere with some medical implants, e.g. pacemakers. Protective
measures for persons wearing medical implants have to be taken. For
example, access restrictions for passers−by or individual risk assessment for welders. All welders should use the following procedures in
order to minimize exposure to EMF fields from the welding circuit:
1. Keep cables close together by twisting or taping them, or using a
cable cover.
2. Do not place your body between welding cables. Arrange cables
to one side and away from the operator.
3. Do not coil or drape cables around your body.
OM-246 522 Page 4
4. Keep head and trunk as far away from the equipment in the
welding circuit as possible.
5. Connect work clamp to workpiece as close to the weld as
possible.
6. Do not work next to, sit or lean on the welding power source.
7. Do not weld whilst carrying the welding power source or wire
feeder.
About Implanted Medical Devices:
Implanted Medical Device wearers should consult their doctor and the
device manufacturer before performing or going near arc welding, spot
welding, gouging, plasma arc cutting, or induction heating operations.
If cleared by your doctor, then following the above procedures is recommended.
SECTION 2 − CONSIGNES DE SÉCURITÉ − LIRE AVANT UTILISATION
fre_som_2010−03
7
Se protéger et protéger les autres contre le risque de blessure — lire et respecter ces consignes.
2-1. Symboles utilisés
DANGER! − Indique une situation dangereuse qui si on
l’évite pas peut donner la mort ou des blessures graves.
Les dangers possibles sont montrés par les symboles
joints ou sont expliqués dans le texte.
Indique une situation dangereuse qui si on l’évite pas
peut donner la mort ou des blessures graves. Les dangers possibles sont montrés par les symboles joints ou
sont expliqués dans le texte.
NOTE − Indique des déclarations pas en relation avec des blessures
personnelles.
. Indique des instructions spécifiques.
Ce groupe de symboles veut dire Avertissement! Attention! DANGER
DE CHOC ELECTRIQUE, PIECES EN MOUVEMENT, et PIECES
CHAUDES. Consulter les symboles et les instructions ci-dessous y
afférant pour les actions nécessaires afin d’éviter le danger.
2-2. Dangers relatifs au soudage à l’arc
Les symboles représentés ci-dessous sont utilisés dans ce manuel pour attirer l’attention et identifier les dangers possibles. En
présence de l’un de ces symboles, prendre garde et suivre les
instructions afférentes pour éviter tout risque. Les instructions
en matière de sécurité indiquées ci-dessous ne constituent
qu’un sommaire des instructions de sécurité plus complètes
fournies dans les normes de sécurité énumérées dans la Section 2-5. Lire et observer toutes les normes de sécurité.
D
Seul un personnel qualifié est autorisé à installer, faire fonctionner, entretenir et réparer cet appareil.
D
Pendant le fonctionnement, maintenir à distance toutes les
personnes, notamment les enfants de l’appareil.
D
UNE DÉCHARGE ÉLECTRIQUE peut
entraîner la mort.
Le contact d’organes électriques sous tension peut
provoquer des accidents mortels ou des brûlures
graves. Le circuit de l’électrode et de la pièce est
sous tension lorsque le courant est délivré à la
sortie. Le circuit d’alimentation et les circuits internes de la machine sont également sous tension
lorsque l’alimentation est sur Marche. Dans le mode
de soudage avec du fil, le fil, le dérouleur, le bloc de
commande du rouleau et toutes les parties métalliques en contact avec le fil sont sous tension
électrique. Un équipement installé ou mis à la terre
de manière incorrecte ou impropre constitue un
danger.
D Ne pas toucher aux pièces électriques sous tension.
D Porter des gants isolants et des vêtements de protection secs et
sans trous.
D S’isoler de la pièce à couper et du sol en utilisant des housses ou
des tapis assez grands afin d’éviter tout contact physique avec la
pièce à couper ou le sol.
D Ne pas se servir de source électrique à courant électrique dans les
zones humides, dans les endroits confinés ou là où on risque de
tomber.
D Se servir d’une source électrique à courant électrique UNIQUEMENT si le procédé de soudage le demande.
D Si l’utilisation d’une source électrique à courant électrique s’avère
nécessaire, se servir de la fonction de télécommande si l’appareil
en est équipé.
D D’autres consignes de sécurité sont nécessaires dans les conditions suivantes : risques électriques dans un environnement
humide ou si l’on porte des vêtements mouillés ; sur des structures
métalliques telles que sols, grilles ou échafaudages ; en position
coincée comme assise, à genoux ou couchée ; ou s’il y a un risque
élevé de contact inévitable ou accidentel avec la pièce à souder ou
le sol. Dans ces conditions, utiliser les équipements suivants,
D
D
D
D
dans l’ordre indiqué : 1) un poste à souder DC à tension constante
(à fil), 2) un poste à souder DC manuel (électrode) ou 3) un poste à
souder AC à tension à vide réduite. Dans la plupart des situations,
l’utilisation d’un poste à souder DC à fil à tension constante est recommandée. En outre, ne pas travailler seul !
Couper l’alimentation ou arrêter le moteur avant de procéder à l’installation, à la réparation ou à l’entretien de l’appareil. Déverrouiller
l’alimentation selon la norme OSHA 29 CFR 1910.147 (voir normes de sécurité).
Installer le poste correctement et le mettre à la terre convenablement selon les consignes du manuel de l’opérateur et les normes
nationales, provinciales et locales.
Toujours vérifier la terre du cordon d’alimentation. Vérifier et
s’assurer que le fil de terre du cordon d’alimentation est bien
raccordé à la borne de terre du sectionneur ou que la fiche du
cordon est raccordée à une prise correctement mise à la terre.
En effectuant les raccordements d’entrée, fixer d’abord le conducteur de mise à la terre approprié et contre-vérifier les connexions.
Les câbles doivent être exempts d’humidité, d’huile et de graisse;
protégez−les contre les étincelles et les pièces métalliques
chaudes.
Vérifier fréquemment le cordon d’alimentation afin de s’assurer
qu’il n’est pas altéré ou à nu, le remplacer immédiatement s’il l’est.
Un fil à nu peut entraîner la mort.
L’équipement doit être hors tension lorsqu’il n’est pas utilisé.
D Ne pas utiliser des câbles usés, endommagés, de grosseur insuffisante ou mal épissés.
D Ne pas enrouler les câbles autour du corps.
D Si la pièce soudée doit être mise à la terre, le faire directement
avec un câble distinct.
D Ne pas toucher l’électrode quand on est en contact avec la pièce,
la terre ou une électrode provenant d’une autre machine.
D Ne pas toucher des porte électrodes connectés à deux machines
en même temps à cause de la présence d’une tension à vide doublée.
D N’utiliser qu’un matériel en bon état. Réparer ou remplacer sur-lechamp les pièces endommagées. Entretenir l’appareil conformément à ce manuel.
D Porter un harnais de sécurité si l’on doit travailler au-dessus du sol.
D S’assurer que tous les panneaux et couvercles sont correctement
en place.
D Fixer le câble de retour de façon à obtenir un bon contact métalmétal avec la pièce à souder ou la table de travail, le plus près possible de la soudure.
D Isoler la pince de masse quand pas mis à la pièce pour éviter le
contact avec tout objet métallique.
D Ne pas raccorder plus d’une électrode ou plus d’un câble de
masse à une même borne de sortie de soudage.
OM-246 522 Page 5
Il reste une TENSION DC NON NÉGLIGEABLE dans
les sources de soudage onduleur UNE FOIS
l’alimentation coupée.
D Arrêter les convertisseurs, débrancher le courant électrique et
décharger les condensateurs d’alimentation selon les instructions
indiquées dans la partie Entretien avant de toucher les pièces.
LES PIÈCES CHAUDES peuvent
provoquer des brûlures.
D Ne pas toucher à mains nues les parties
chaudes.
D Prévoir une période de refroidissement avant de
travailler à l’équipement.
D Ne pas toucher aux pièces chaudes, utiliser les outils recommandés et porter des gants de soudage et des vêtements épais pour
éviter les brûlures.
LE SOUDAGE peut provoquer un
incendie ou une explosion.
Le soudage effectué sur des conteneurs fermés tels
que des réservoirs, tambours ou des conduites peut
provoquer leur éclatement. Des étincelles peuvent
être projetées de l’arc de soudure. La projection d’étincelles, des
pièces chaudes et des équipements chauds peut provoquer des
incendies et des brûlures. Le contact accidentel de l’électrode avec
des objets métalliques peut provoquer des étincelles, une explosion,
un surchauffement ou un incendie. Avant de commencer le soudage,
vérifier et s’assurer que l’endroit ne présente pas de danger.
D Déplacer toutes les substances inflammables à une distance de
10,7 m de l’arc de soudage. En cas d’impossibilité les recouvrir
soigneusement avec des protections homologués.
D Ne pas souder dans un endroit là où des étincelles peuvent tomber
sur des substances inflammables.
LES FUMÉES ET LES GAZ peuvent
être dangereux.
D Se protéger et d’autres personnes de la projection d’étincelles et
de métal chaud.
Le soudage génère des fumées et des gaz. Leur
inhalation peut être dangereux pour votre santé.
D Des étincelles et des matériaux chauds du soudage peuvent
facilement passer dans d’autres zones en traversant de petites
fissures et des ouvertures.
D Eloigner votre tête des fumées. Ne pas respirer les fumées.
D Surveiller tout déclenchement d’incendie et tenir un extincteur à
proximité.
D À l’intérieur, ventiler la zone et/ou utiliser une ventilation forcée au
niveau de l’arc pour l’évacuation des fumées et des gaz de
soudage.
D Le soudage effectué sur un plafond, plancher, paroi ou séparation
peut déclencher un incendie de l’autre côté.
D Si la ventilation est médiocre, porter un respirateur anti-vapeurs
approuvé.
D Lire et comprendre les spécifications de sécurité des matériaux
(MSDS) et les instructions du fabricant concernant les métaux, les
consommables, les revêtements, les nettoyants et les dégraisseurs.
D Travailler dans un espace fermé seulement s’il est bien ventilé ou
en portant un respirateur à alimentation d’air. Demander toujours à
un surveillant dûment formé de se tenir à proximité. Des fumées et
des gaz de soudage peuvent déplacer l’air et abaisser le niveau
d’oxygène provoquant des blessures ou des accidents mortels.
S’assurer que l’air de respiration ne présente aucun danger.
D Ne pas souder dans des endroits situés à proximité d’opérations
de dégraissage, de nettoyage ou de pulvérisation. La chaleur et
les rayons de l’arc peuvent réagir en présence de vapeurs et former des gaz hautement toxiques et irritants.
D Ne pas souder des métaux munis d’un revêtement, tels que l’acier
galvanisé, plaqué en plomb ou au cadmium à moins que le revêtement n’ait été enlevé dans la zone de soudure, que l’endroit soit
bien ventilé, et en portant un respirateur à alimentation d’air. Les
revêtements et tous les métaux renfermant ces éléments peuvent
dégager des fumées toxiques en cas de soudage.
LES RAYONS DE L’ARC peuvent
provoquer des brûlures dans les
yeux et sur la peau.
Le rayonnement de l’arc du procédé de soudage
génère des rayons visibles et invisibles intense
(ultraviolets et infrarouges) susceptibles de provoquer des brûlure
dans les yeux et sur la peau. Des étincelles sont projetées pendant le
soudage.
D Porter un casque de soudage approuvé muni de verres filtrants
approprié pour protéger visage et yeux pour protéger votre visage
et vos yeux pendant le soudage ou pour regarder (voir ANSI Z49.1
et Z87.1 énuméré dans les normes de sécurité).
D Porter des lunettes de sécurité avec écrans latéraux même sous
votre casque.
D Avoir recours à des écrans protecteurs ou à des rideaux pour
protéger les autres contre les rayonnements les éblouissements
et les étincelles ; prévenir toute personne sur les lieux de ne pas
regarder l’arc.
D Porter des vêtements confectionnés avec des matières résistantes et ignifuges (cuir, coton lourd ou laine) et des bottes de
protection.
OM-246 522 Page 6
D Ne pas effectuer le soudage sur des conteneurs fermés tels que
des réservoirs, tambours, ou conduites, à moins qu’ils n’aient été
préparés correctement conformément à AWS F4.1 (voir les normes de sécurité).
D Ne soudez pas si l’air ambiant est chargé de particules, gaz, ou vapeurs inflammables (vapeur d’essence, par exemple).
D Brancher le câble de masse sur la pièce le plus près possible de la
zone de soudage pour éviter le transport du courant sur une
longue distance par des chemins inconnus éventuels en provoquant des risques d’électrocution, d’étincelles et d’incendie.
D Ne pas utiliser le poste de soudage pour dégeler des conduites gelées.
D En cas de non utilisation, enlever la baguette d’électrode du porteélectrode ou couper le fil à la pointe de contact.
D Porter des vêtements de protection dépourvus d’huile tels que des
gants en cuir, une chemise en matériau lourd, des pantalons sans
revers, des chaussures hautes et un couvre chef.
D Avant de souder, retirer toute substance combustible de vos poches telles qu’un allumeur au butane ou des allumettes.
D Une fois le travail achevé, assurez−vous qu’il ne reste aucune
trace d’étincelles incandescentes ni de flammes.
D Utiliser exclusivement des fusibles ou coupe−circuits appropriés.
Ne pas augmenter leur puissance; ne pas les ponter.
D Une fois le travail achevé, assurez−vous qu’il ne reste aucune
trace d’étincelles incandescentes ni de flammes.
D Utiliser exclusivement des fusibles ou coupe−circuits appropriés.
Ne pas augmenter leur puissance; ne pas les ponter.
D Suivre les recommandations dans OSHA 1910.252(a)(2)(iv) et
NFPA 51B pour les travaux à chaud et avoir de la surveillance et un
extincteur à proximité.
DES PIECES DE METAL ou DES
SALETES peuvent provoquer des
blessures dans les yeux.
D Le soudage, l’écaillement, le passage de la pièce à la brosse en
fil de fer, et le meulage génèrent des étincelles et des particules
métalliques volantes. Pendant la période de refroidissement des
soudures, elles risquent de projeter du laitier.
D Porter des lunettes de sécurité avec écrans latéraux ou un écran
facial.
LES ACCUMULATIONS DE GAZ
risquent de provoquer des blessures
ou même la mort.
D Fermer l’alimentation du gaz comprimé en cas
de non utilisation.
D Veiller toujours à bien aérer les espaces confinés ou se servir d’un respirateur d’adduction
d’air homologué.
Les CHAMPS ÉLECTROMAGNÉTIQUES (CEM)
peuvent affecter les implants médicaux.
D Les porteurs de stimulateurs cardiaques et
autres implants médicaux doivent rester à
distance.
D Les porteurs d’implants médicaux doivent consulter leur
médecin et le fabricant du dispositif avant de s’approcher de la
zone où se déroule du soudage à l’arc, du soudage par points, du
gougeage, de la découpe plasma ou une opération de chauffage
par induction.
LE BRUIT peut endommager l’ouïe.
Le bruit des processus et des équipements peut
affecter l’ouïe.
D Porter des protections approuvées pour les
oreilles si le niveau sonore est trop élevé.
LES BOUTEILLES peuvent exploser
si elles sont endommagées.
Les bouteilles de gaz comprimé contiennent du gaz
sous haute pression. Si une bouteille est
endommagée, elle peut exploser. Du fait que les
bouteilles de gaz font normalement partie du
procédé de soudage, les manipuler avec
précaution.
D Protéger les bouteilles de gaz comprimé d’une chaleur excessive,
des chocs mécaniques, des dommages physiques, du laitier, des
flammes ouvertes, des étincelles et des arcs.
D Placer les bouteilles debout en les fixant dans un support stationnaire ou dans un porte-bouteilles pour les empêcher de tomber ou
de se renverser.
D Tenir les bouteilles éloignées des circuits de soudage ou autres
circuits électriques.
D Ne jamais placer une torche de soudage sur une bouteille à gaz.
D Une électrode de soudage ne doit jamais entrer en contact avec
une bouteille.
D Ne jamais souder une bouteille pressurisée − risque d’explosion.
D Utiliser seulement des bouteilles de gaz comprimé, régulateurs,
tuyaux et raccords convenables pour cette application spécifique;
les maintenir ainsi que les éléments associés en bon état.
D Détourner votre visage du détendeur-régulateur lorsque vous
ouvrez la soupape de la bouteille.
D Le couvercle du détendeur doit toujours être en place, sauf lorsque
la bouteille est utilisée ou qu’elle est reliée pour usage ultérieur.
D Utiliser les équipements corrects, les bonnes procédures et suffisamment de personnes pour soulever et déplacer les bouteilles.
D Lire et suivre les instructions sur les bouteilles de gaz comprimé,
l’équipement connexe et le dépliant P-1 de la CGA (Compressed
Gas Association) mentionné dans les principales normes de sécurité.
2-3. Dangers supplémentaires en relation avec l’installation, le fonctionnement et la maintenance
Risque D’INCENDIE OU
D’EXPLOSION.
D Ne pas placer l’appareil sur, au-dessus ou
à proximité de surfaces inflammables.
D Ne pas installer l’appareil à proximité de produits inflammables.
D Ne pas surcharger l’installation électrique − s’assurer que
l’alimentation est correctement dimensionnée et protégée avant
de mettre l’appareil en service.
LA CHUTE DE L’ÉQUIPEMENT peut
provoquer des blessures.
D Utiliser l’anneau de levage uniquement pour
soulever l’appareil, NON PAS les chariots, les
bouteilles de gaz ou tout autre accessoire.
D Utiliser un équipement de levage de capacité
suffisante pour lever l’appareil.
D En utilisant des fourches de levage pour déplacer l’unité, s’assurer que les fourches sont suffisamment longues pour dépasser
du côté opposé de l’appareil.
D Tenir l’équipement (câbles et cordons) à distance des véhicules
mobiles lors de toute opération en hauteur.
D Suivre les consignes du Manuel des applications pour l’équation
de levage NIOSH révisée (Publication Nº94–110) lors du levage
manuelle de pièces ou équipements lourds.
L’EMPLOI
EXCESSIF
peut
SURCHAUFFER L’ÉQUIPEMENT.
D Prévoir une période de refroidissement ; respecter le cycle opératoire nominal.
D Réduire le courant ou le facteur de marche
avant de poursuivre le soudage.
D Ne pas obstruer les passages d’air du poste.
LES ÉTINCELLES PROJETÉES
peuvent provoquer des blessures.
D Porter un écran facial pour protéger le visage et
les yeux.
D Affûter l’électrode au tungstène uniquement à la
meuleuse dotée de protecteurs. Cette
manœuvre est à exécuter dans un endroit sûr
lorsque l’on porte l’équipement homologué de
protection du visage, des mains et du corps.
D Les étincelles risquent de causer un incendie − éloigner toute substance inflammable.
LES CHARGES ÉLECTROSTATIQUES peuvent endommager les circuits imprimés.
D Établir la connexion avec la barrette de terre
avant de manipuler des cartes ou des pièces.
D Utiliser des pochettes et des boîtes antistatiques pour stocker, déplacer ou expédier des
cartes de circuits imprimes.
OM-246 522 Page 7
Les PIÈCES MOBILES peuvent
causer des blessures.
LE
RAYONNEMENT
HAUTE
FRÉQUENCE
(H.F.)
risque
de
provoquer des interférences.
D Ne pas s’approcher des organes mobiles.
D Ne pas s’approcher des points de coincement
tels que des rouleaux de commande.
LES FILS DE SOUDAGE peuvent
provoquer des blessures.
D Ne pas appuyer sur la gâchette avant d’en
avoir reçu l’instruction.
D Ne pas diriger le pistolet vers soi, d’autres
personnes ou toute pièce mécanique en
engageant le fil de soudage.
Les PIÈCES MOBILES peuvent
causer des blessures.
D S’abstenir de toucher des organes mobiles tels
que des ventilateurs.
D Maintenir fermés et verrouillés les portes,
panneaux, recouvrements et dispositifs de
protection.
D Lorsque cela est nécessaire pour des travaux d’entretien et de
dépannage, faire retirer les portes, panneaux, recouvrements
ou dispositifs de protection uniquement par du personnel qualifié.
D Remettre les portes, panneaux, recouvrements ou dispositifs de
protection quand l’entretien est terminé et avant de rebrancher
l’alimentation électrique.
LIRE LES INSTRUCTIONS.
D Lire et appliquer les instructions sur les
étiquettes et le Mode d’emploi avant l’installation, l’utilisation ou l’entretien de l’appareil.
Lire les informations de sécurité au début du
manuel et dans chaque section.
D N’utiliser que les pièces de rechange recommandées par le
constructeur.
D Effectuer l’entretien en respectant les manuels d’utilisation, les
normes industrielles et les codes nationaux, d’état et locaux.
D Le rayonnement haute fréquence (H.F.) peut
provoquer des interférences avec les équipements de radio−navigation et de communication, les services de sécurité et les ordinateurs.
D Demander seulement à des personnes qualifiées familiarisées
avec des équipements électroniques de faire fonctionner l’installation.
D L’utilisateur est tenu de faire corriger rapidement par un électricien
qualifié les interférences résultant de l’installation.
D Si le FCC signale des interférences, arrêter immédiatement l’appareil.
D Effectuer régulièrement le contrôle et l’entretien de l’installation.
D Maintenir soigneusement fermés les portes et les panneaux des
sources de haute fréquence, maintenir les éclateurs à une distance correcte et utiliser une terre et un blindage pour réduire les
interférences éventuelles.
LE SOUDAGE À L’ARC risque de
provoquer des interférences.
D
D
D
D
D
D L’énergie électromagnétique risque de
provoquer des interférences pour l’équipement
électronique sensible tel que les ordinateurs et
l’équipement commandé par ordinateur tel que
les robots.
Veiller à ce que tout l’équipement de la zone de soudage soit
compatible électromagnétiquement.
Pour réduire la possibilité d’interférence, maintenir les câbles de
soudage aussi courts que possible, les grouper, et les poser
aussi bas que possible (ex. par terre).
Veiller à souder à une distance de 100 mètres de tout équipement électronique sensible.
Veiller à ce que ce poste de soudage soit posé et mis à la terre
conformément à ce mode d’emploi.
En cas d’interférences après avoir pris les mesures précédentes, il incombe à l’utilisateur de prendre des mesures supplémentaires telles que le déplacement du poste, l’utilisation de câbles blindés, l’utilisation de filtres de ligne ou la pose de protecteurs dans la zone de travail.
2-4. Proposition californienne 65 Avertissements
Les équipements de soudage et de coupage produisent des
fumées et des gaz qui contiennent des produits chimiques
dont l’État de Californie reconnaît qu’ils provoquent des malformations congénitales et, dans certains cas, des cancers.
(Code de santé et de sécurité de Californie, chapitre 25249.5
et suivants)
Les batteries, les bornes et autres accessoires contiennent
du plomb et des composés à base de plomb, produits chimiques dont l’État de Californie reconnaît qu’ils provoquent des
cancers et des malformations congénitales ou autres
problèmes de procréation. Se laver les mains après manipulation.
Ce produit contient des produits chimiques, notamment du
plomb, dont l’État de Californie reconnaît qu’ils provoquent
OM-246 522 Page 8
des cancers, des malformations congénitales ou d’autres
problèmes de procréation. Se laver les mains après
utilisation.
Pour les moteurs à essence :
Les gaz d’échappement des moteurs contiennent des produits chimiques dont l’État de Californie reconnaît qu’ils
provoquent des cancers et des malformations congénitales
ou autres problèmes de procréation.
Pour les moteurs diesel :
Les gaz d’échappement des moteurs diesel et certains de
leurs composants sont reconnus par l’État de Californie comme provoquant des cancers et des malformations
congénitales ou autres problèmes de procréation.
2-5. Principales normes de sécurité
Safety in Welding, Cutting, and Allied Processes, ANSI Standard Z49.1,
de Global Engineering Documents (téléphone : 1-877-413-5184, site
Internet : www.global.ihs.com).
Safe Practices for the Preparation of Containers and Piping for Welding
and Cutting, American Welding Society Standard AWS F4.1, de Global
Engineering Documents (téléphone : 1-877-413-5184, site internet :
www.global.ihs.com).
National Electrical Code, NFPA Standard 70, de National Fire Protection Association, Quincy, MA 02269 (téléphone : 800-344-3555, site
Internet : www.nfpa.org et www.sparky.org).
Safe Handling of Compressed Gases in Cylinders, CGA Pamphlet P-1,
de Compressed Gas Association, 4221 Walney Road, 5th Floor, Chantilly, VA 20151 (téléphone : 703-788-2700, site Internet :
www.cganet.com).
Safety in Welding, Cutting, and Allied Processes, CSA Standard
W117.2, de Canadian Standards Association, Standards Sales, 5060
Spectrum Way, Suite 100, Ontario, Canada L4W 5NS (téléphone :
800-463-6727, site internet : www.csa-international.org).
Safe Practice For Occupational And Educational Eye And Face Protection, ANSI Standard Z87.1, de American National Standards Institute,
25 West 43rd Street, New York, NY 10036 (téléphone : 212-642-4900,
site Internet : www.ansi.org).
Standard for Fire Prevention During Welding, Cutting, and Other Hot
Work, NFPA Standard 51B, de National Fire Protection Association,
P.O. Box 9101, Quincy, MA 02269-9101 (téléphone : 617-770-3000,
site Internet : www.nfpa.org).
OSHA, Occupational Safety and Health Standards for General
Industry, Title 29, Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), Part 1910,
Subpart Q, and Part 1926, Subpart J, de U.S. Government Printing
Office, Superintendent of Documents, P.O. Box 371954, Pittsburgh, PA
15250-7954 (téléphone : 1-866-512-1800) (il y a 10 bureaux
régionaux−le téléphone de la région 5, Chicago, est 312-353-2220, site
Internet : www.osha.gov).
U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC), 4330 East West
Highway, Bethesda, MD 20814 (téléphone : 301-504-7923, site internet : www.cpsc.gov).
Applications Manual for the Revised NIOSH Lifting Equation, The
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), 1600
Clifton Rd, Atlanta, GA 30333 (télé[hone : 1-800-232-4636, site internet:
www.cdc.gov/NIOSH).
2-6. Informations relatives aux CEM
Le courant électrique qui traverse tout conducteur génère des champs
électromagnétiques (CEM) à certains endroits. Le courant de soudage
crée un CEM autour du circuit et du matériel de soudage. Les CEM
peuvent créer des interférences avec certains implants médicaux
comme des stimulateurs cardiaques. Des mesures de protection pour
les porteurs d’implants médicaux doivent être prises: par exemple, des
restrictions d’accès pour les passants ou une évaluation individuelle
des risques pour les soudeurs. Tous les soudeurs doivent appliquer les
procédures suivantes pour minimiser l’exposition aux CEM provenant
du circuit de soudage:
4. Maintenir la tête et le torse aussi loin que possible du matériel du
circuit de soudage.
1. Rassembler les câbles en les torsadant ou en les attachant avec
du ruban adhésif ou avec une housse.
2. Ne pas se tenir au milieu des câbles de soudage. Disposer les
câbles d’un côté et à distance de l’opérateur.
3. Ne pas courber et ne pas entourer les câbles autour de votre
corps.
En ce qui concerne les implants médicaux :
5. Connecter la pince sur la pièce aussi près que possible de la
soudure.
6. Ne pas travailler à proximité d’une source de soudage, ni
s’asseoir ou se pencher dessus.
7. Ne pas souder tout en portant la source de soudage ou le
dévidoir.
Les porteurs d’implants doivent d’abord consulter leur médecin avant
de s’approcher des opérations de soudage à l’arc, de soudage par
points, de gougeage, du coupage plasma ou de chauffage par induction. Si le médecin approuve, il est recommandé de suivre les
procédures précédentes.
OM-246 522 Page 9
OM-246 522 Page 10
. A complete Parts List is available at www.MillerWelds.com
SECTION 3 − SPECIFICATIONS
3-1. Included with Your Unit
1
2
1
2
3
4
5
6
Welding Power Source
5 ft (1.5 m) Primary Cord
With Plug
Gas Hose
Gas Regulator
12 ft (3.7 m) Work Cable
With Clamp
Air-Cooled 150 Amp TIG
Torch with 12 ft (3.7 m)
Cable
. Some assembly is required.
For options and accessories see
back of book or contact your distributor.
6
.
3
4
a Diversion 180 is illustrated
throughout this manual unless otherwise indicated.
5
805 474-A
3-2. Specifications
Diversion 180
Input Power
115 VAC
230 VAC
Welding Amperage
Range
10 − 125
10 − 180
Amps Input At
Rated Output
KVA
KW
60 A at 12.4 V, 100% Duty Cycle
11.3 (.88)*
1.3 - (.1)*
1.2 - (.03)*
125 A at 15 V, 35% Duty Cycle
26.5 (.88)*
3.1 (.1)*
3.0 - (.03)*
60 A at 12.4 V, 100% Duty Cycle
5.6 (.44)*
1.3 (.1)*
1.2 - (.03)*
150 A at 16 V, 20% Duty Cycle
16 (.44)*
3.7 (.1)*
3.6 - (.03)*
180 A at 17.2 V, 10% Duty Cycle
20 (.44)*
4.7 (.1)*
4.6 - (.03)*
60 A at 12.4 V, 100% Duty Cycle
8 (.20)*
1.8 (.04)*
1.2 (.02)*
150 A at 16 V, 20% Duty Cycle
23 (.20)*
5.3 (.04)*
3.7 (.02)*
165 A at 16.6 V, 15% Duty Cycle
25.5 (.20)*
5.9 (.04)*
4.2 (.02)*
Rated Output
Max. OCV
80 VDC
* () While idling.
Diversion 165
230 VAC
10 − 165
80 VDC
* () While idling.
3-3. Serial Number And Rating Label Location
The serial number and rating information for the power source is located on the rear of the machine. Use the rating labels to determine input power
requirements and/or rated output. For future reference, write serial number in space provided on back cover of this manual.
OM-246 522 Page 11
. A complete Parts List is available at www.MillerWelds.com
3-4. Dimensions And Weights
Dimensions
23-15/16 in.
(608 mm)
17 in.
(432 mm)
9-7/8 in.
(251 mm)
Height
17 in. (433 mm)
Width
9.88 in. (251 mm)
Length
23.93 in. (608 mm) w/handles
19.25 in. (489 mm) w/o handles
Ref. 805 474-A
Weight
50 lbs (23 kg)
OM-246 522 Page 12
. A complete Parts List is available at www.MillerWelds.com
3-5. Duty Cycle Charts
Duty cycle is percentage of 10
minutes that unit can weld at rated
load without overheating.
Diversion 165 Models
Output Amperes (A)
200
NOTICE − Exceeding duty cycle
can damage unit and void warranty.
150
100
50
0
10
100
% Duty Cycle
20% Duty Cycle at 150 A AC/DC
2 Minutes Welding
8 Minutes Resting
232 918-B
Diversion 180 Models
200
Output Amperes (A)
230 VAC
150
100
115VAC
50
0
10
% Duty Cycle
100
20% Duty Cycle at 150 A AC/DC
2 Minutes Welding
8 Minutes Resting
246 526-A
OM-246 522 Page 13
. A complete Parts List is available at www.MillerWelds.com
SECTION 4 − INSTALLATION
4-1. Selecting A Location (All Models)
1
1
Handles
Use Handles to lift welder; get help
if necessary.
3
2
Movement
2
Cart
Place welder on cart to move unit.
3
Tipping
!
Do not move or operate unit
where it could tip.
4
Line Disconnect Device
Locate unit near correct input power supply.
Position unit so air can circulate.
For information about sources of
high-frequency
see
Section
NO TAG.
Location And Airflow
4
For carts and caster kits see back
of book or contact your distributor.
!
18 in. (460 mm)
Special installation may be
required where gasoline or
volatile liquids are present −
see NEC Article 511 or CEC
Section 20.
18 in. (460 mm)
18 in. (460 mm)
18 in. (460 mm)
805 475-A
4-2. Remote Receptacle For Optional Foot Control
NOTICE − Use this receptacle to connect the dedicated optional foot control only. Connecting other types of equipment to this receptacle may damage
your machine.
Socket*
1
A
8
805 113-A
Foot Select
OM-246 522 Page 14
Socket Information
1
Command reference; +10 volts DC output to remote control.
2
0 to +10 volts DC input command signal from remote control.
3
Remote control circuit common.
4
15 volts DC.
6
Contact closure to 4 completes 15 volts DC contactor control
circuit.
5
Foot control select; jumper to 7 in foot control.
7
Chassis common.
8
Not Used
. A complete Parts List is available at www.MillerWelds.com
4-3. Shielding Gas Connections
. Use
argon shielding gas for
best performance.
1
2
Tools Needed:
5/8, 1-1/8 in.
1
3
Cylinder Valve
Open valve slightly so gas flow
blows dirt from valve. Close valve.
2
Regulator/Flow Gauge
Connect regulator/flow gauge to
gas cylinder. Do not over tighten.
Connect gas hose to gas in fitting.
3
Flow Adjust
Typical flow rate is 20 cfh (cubic feet
per hour).
Ref. 805 474-A
4-4. Electrical Service Guide
. All values calculated at 10% duty cycle.
. Actual input voltage cannot exceed ± 10% of indicated required input voltage shown in table. If actual input voltage is outside of this range, damage
to unit may occur.
Failure to follow these electrical service guide recommendations could create an electric shock or fire hazard. These recommendations are for a dedicated branch circuit sized for the rated output and duty cycle of the welding power source.
60 Hz Single Phase
Diversion 165
Input Voltage
230 Volts AC
230 Volts AC
23
20
Input Amperes At Rated Output
Diversion 180
Max Recommended Standard Fuse or circuit breaker Rating In Amperes 1
Time-Delay 2
30
25
Normal Operating 3
35
30
14
14
64 (20)
55 (17)
14
14
Min Input Conductor Size In AWG 4
Max Recommended Input Conductor Length In Feet (Meters)
Min Grounding Conductor Size In AWG 4
115 Volts AC
A 15 or 20
ampere individual
branch circuit
protected by
time-delay fuses
or circuit breaker
is required.
See Section 4-7
Reference: 2011 National Electrical Code (NEC) (including article 630)
1 If a circuit breaker is used in place of a fuse, choose a circuit breaker with time-current curves comparable to the recommended fuse.
2 “Time-Delay” fuses are UL class “RK5”. See UL 248.
3 “Normal Operating” (general purpose - no intentional delay) fuses are UL class “K5” (up to and including 60 amps), and UL class “H” ( 65 amps and
above).
4 Conductor data in this section specifies conductor size (excluding flexible cord or cable) between the panelboard and the equipment per NEC Table
310.15(B)(16). If a flexible cord or cable is used, minimum conductor size may increase. See NEC Table 400.5(A) for flexible cord and cable
requirements.
OM-246 522 Page 15
. A complete Parts List is available at www.MillerWelds.com
4-5.
Selecting Extension Cord (Use Shortest Cord Possible)
Conductor Size − AWG (mm2)*
Single Phase AC
Input Voltage
4 (21.2)
6 (13.3)
8 (8.4)
10 (5.3)
12 (3.3)
Maximum Allowable Cord Length in ft (m)
115
160 (49)
107 (33)
71 (22)
47 (14)
29 (9)
230
471 (144)
321 (98)
215 (66)
146 (45)
90 (27)
*Conductor size is based on maximum 3% voltage drop
4-6. Connecting 230 Volts Input Power For Diversion 165 Models
1
6
=GND/PE Earth
Ground
!
Installation must meet all National and Local Codes − have
only qualified persons make
this installation.
!
Always connect green or
green/yellow conductor to
supply grounding terminal
first, and never to a line terminal.
!
Special installation may be
required where gasoline or
volatile liquids are present −
see NEC Article 511 or CEC
Section 20.
8
5
7
L1
L2
3
See rating label on unit and check input voltage available at site.
2
1
2
3
4
4
5
9
6
7
1
Rating Label
Black And White Input
Conductor (L1 And L2)
Green Or Green/Yellow
Grounding Conductor
Input Power Cord.
Disconnect Device (switch
shown in the OFF position)
Disconnect Device Grounding
Terminal
Disconnect Device Line
Terminals
Connect green or green/yellow
grounding conductor to disconnect
device grounding terminal first.
Connect input conductors L1 and L2
to disconnect device line terminals.
8
10
L1
L2
230 VAC, 1
Tools Needed:
Over-Current Protection
Select type and size of over-current
protection using Section 4-4 (fused
disconnect switch shown).
Close and secure door on disconnect
device. Remove lockout/tagout device, and place switch in the On position.
9 Plug (NEMA 6-50P)
10 Receptacle (NEMA 6-50R)
(Customer Supplied)
Connect plug to receptacle.
Ref. 805 116-A
OM-246 522 Page 16
. A complete Parts List is available at www.MillerWelds.com
4-7. Connecting 115 Volts Input Power For Diversion 180 Models
!
Installation must meet all National and Local Codes
− have only qualified persons make this installation.
!
Special installation may be required where gasoline or
volatile liquids are present − see NEC Article 511 or CEC
Section 20.
. The Auto-Line circuitry in this unit automatically links the
power source to the primary voltage being applied, either
115 or 230 VAC.
For 115 volts AC input power, a 15 or 20 ampere individual
branch circuit protected by time-delay fuses or circuit breaker is
required.
1
Multi-Voltage Plug And Power Cord Connector (NEMA
Type 5−15P Plug Shown)
For multi−voltage plug connections, see Section 4-9.
2
Receptacle − NEMA Type 5−15R (Customer Supplied)
1
2
Ref. 805 474-A
OM-246 522 Page 17
. A complete Parts List is available at www.MillerWelds.com
4-8. Connecting 230 Volts Input Power For Diversion 180 Models
!
Installation must meet all National and Local Codes − have
only qualified persons make
this installation.
!
Always connect green or
green/yellow conductor to
supply grounding terminal
first, and never to a line terminal.
!
Special installation may be required where gasoline or
volatile liquids are present −
see NEC Article 511 or CEC
Section 20.
1
6
8
=GND/PE Earth
Ground
. The Auto-Line circuitry in this unit
automatically links the power
source to the primary voltage being applied, either 115 or 230
VAC.
5
7
L1
L2
3
1
2
Supply correct input power (see Section 4-4).
2
3
4
5
4
6
9
Rating Label
7
Black And White Input
Conductor (L1 And L2)
Green Or Green/Yellow
Grounding Conductor
Input Power Cord.
Disconnect Device (switch
shown in the OFF position)
Disconnect Device Grounding
Terminal
Disconnect Device Line
Terminals
Connect green or green/yellow
grounding conductor to disconnect
device grounding terminal first.
Connect input conductors L1 and L2
to disconnect device line terminals.
1
8
10
L1
L2
230 VAC, 1
Over-Current Protection
Select type and size of over-current
protection using Section 4-4 (fused
disconnect switch shown).
Close and secure door on disconnect
device. Remove lockout/tagout
device, and place switch in the On
position.
9
Multi-Voltage Plug And Power
Cord Connector (NEMA 6-50P
Plug Shown)
For multi−voltage plug connections,
see Section 4-9.
10 Receptacle (NEMA 6-50R)
(Customer Supplied)
Connect plug to receptacle.
Tools Needed:
Ref. 805 476-A
OM-246 522 Page 18
. A complete Parts List is available at www.MillerWelds.com
4-9. Multi−Voltage Plug (MVP) Connection
Selecting Plug
2
1
3
4
5
!
Do not cut off power cord connector and rewire. The power cord
connector and plugs will work
with standard NEMA receptacles.
Modifying power cord, connector,
and plugs will void product warranty.
6
7
Connecting Plug To Power Cord
Selecting Plug
1
Power Cord Connector From
Welding Power Source
Select plug for power supply receptacle
available at site. Not all plugs shown are
provided as standard with unit.
2
Plug − NEMA Type 5−15P
3
Receptacle − NEMA Type 5−15R
(Customer Supplied)
4
5
6
7
!
Plug − NEMA Type 5−20P (Optional)
Receptacle − NEMA Type 5−20R
(Customer Supplied)
Plug − NEMA Type 6−50P
Receptacle − NEMA Type 6−50R
(Customer Supplied)
Follow electrical service guide for
230 VAC in Section 4-4. Do not use
plug rating to size branch circuit
protection.
Connecting Plug To Power Cord
Align arrow on plug with arrow on power
cord connector. Push together.
Tighten threaded collar. As threaded collar
is tightened, push plug onto adapter until
collar is completely tight.
Connect plug to receptacle.
MVP Plug1 2010−10 / Ref. 803 812-C
OM-246 522 Page 19
. A complete Parts List is available at www.MillerWelds.com
SECTION 5 − OPERATION
5-1. Controls For Diversion 165 Models
1
Material Switch
!
Do not use AC output in damp areas, if
movement is confined, or if there is
danger of falling. Use AC output ONLY
if required for the welding process, and
then use a remote control.
!
Do not change position of switch while
welding or while under load.
4
2
. Unit is equipped with Fan-On-Demandt.
5
Fan only runs when output is on or cooling
is required.
1
Use switch to select DC for steel, stainless
steel, and chrome-moly, or AC for aluminum
applications.
2
3
Material Thickness/Amperage Control
Use control to select material thickness and
corresponding amperage.
When Material switch is in the DC position, use
the blue scale to select the appropriate material thickness and corresponding amperage
from the white scale. When Material switch is
in the AC position, use the gray scale to select
the appropriate material thickness and corresponding amperage from the white scale.
AC parameters have been optimized and automatically set as follows:
• Preflow is preset at .4 seconds for DC or AC
• Postflow is preset for one second for every
ten amps of output, with a minimum of eight
seconds for DC or AC.
• Balance is 72% EN (electrode negative)
• Frequency is 120 Hz
3
Power Switch
Use switch to turn unit On and Off.
4
Power On LED
Power is on when LED is lit. LED flashes when
input power is more than ±10% of 230 volts. No
output available when LED is flashing.
5
Output Indicator LED
Output is On when LED is lit. LED flashes
when unit is overheated (see Section 3-5).
LED stops flashing when unit has cooled.
805 163-A / 232 896
OM-246 522 Page 20
. A complete Parts List is available at www.MillerWelds.com
6
Torch
Torch Operation:
7
Amperage Adjustment Wheel
Use wheel to adjust amperage from
ten amps to maximum value set on
the machine’s Material Thickness/
Amperage Control.
6
8
On/Off Switch
Switch has three features that control the machine in different ways:
8
7
• Trigger hold − Push and release
On/Off switch to start welding. After switch is released, the Amperage Adjustment wheel can be adjusted to ramp amperage to desired value for the material being
welded. To end weld sequence,
push and release switch.
• Tacking/Fitting Feature − Press
and hold On/Off switch for more
than one second to start weld output. Release switch to end weld
output. This feature is useful for
tacking and fitting, or in other situations when weld output is needed for short periods of time.
• Crater-Out Feature − Press and
hold On/Off switch at end of weld
sequence to ramp weld amperage down until arc is extinguished. Use this feature at the
end of the weld sequence to help
fill the crater that can form in the
weld puddle.
9
9
Optional Foot Control
This is a dedicated foot control
which can be purchased as an accessory.
When the optional foot control is
plugged into the Remote Receptacle (see Section 4-2), the fingertip
control on the torch is disabled.
805 059-A / 805 158-A
OM-246 522 Page 21
. A complete Parts List is available at www.MillerWelds.com
5-2. Controls For Diversion 180 Models
3
1
Material Button And AC/DC LEDs
!
Do not use AC output in damp areas, if
movement is confined, or if there is
danger of falling. Use AC output ONLY
if required for the welding process, and
then use a remote control.
!
Do not change position of switch while
welding or while under load.
. Unit is equipped with Fan-On-Demandt.
4
Fan only runs when output is on or cooling
is required.
2
Use button to select DC for steel, stainless
steel, and chrome-moly, or AC for aluminum
applications. Corresponding LED lights to verify selection of AC or DC.
2
5
1
Material Thickness/Amperage Control
Check chart to find correct material thickness
and use control to select corresponding amperage.
With DC selected and DC LED lit , use the blue
scale to select the appropriate material thickness and corresponding amperage from the
white scale. When AC is selected and AC LED
is lit, use the gray scale to select the appropriate material thickness and corresponding amperage from the white scale.
AC parameters have been optimized and automatically set as follows:
• Preflow is preset at .4 seconds for DC or AC
• Postflow is preset for one second for every
ten amps of output, with a minimum of eight
seconds for DC or AC.
• Balance is 72% EN (electrode negative)
• Frequency is 120 Hz
3
Amps Meter
Select preset amps with Material Thickness/
Amperage Control. Preset amperage range for
115 volts is 10−125 amps, and 10−180 amps
for 230 volts. When output is on, meter displays output amps.
4
Output Indicator LED
Output is On when LED is lit.
5
Power Switch
Use switch to turn unit On and Off.
805 477-A /
OM-246 522 Page 22
. A complete Parts List is available at www.MillerWelds.com
6
Torch
Torch Operation:
7
Amperage Adjustment Wheel
Use wheel to adjust amperage from
ten amps to maximum value set on
the machine’s Material Thickness/
Amperage Control.
8
On/Off Switch
Switch has three features that control the machine in different ways:
6
• Trigger hold − Push and release
On/Off switch to start welding. After switch is released, the Amperage Adjustment wheel can be adjusted to ramp amperage to desired value for the material being
welded. To end weld sequence,
push and release switch.
8
7
• Tacking/Fitting Feature − Press
and hold On/Off switch for more
than one second to start weld output. Release switch to end weld
output. This feature is useful for
tacking and fitting, or in other situations when weld output is needed for short periods of time.
• Crater-Out Feature − Press and
hold On/Off switch at end of weld
sequence to ramp weld amperage down until arc is extinguished. Use this feature at the
end of the weld sequence to help
fill the crater that can form in the
weld puddle.
9
Optional Foot Control
This is a dedicated foot control
which can be purchased as an accessory.
9
When the optional foot control is
plugged into the Remote Receptacle (see Section 4-2), the fingertip
control on the torch is disabled.
805 059-A / 805 158-A
OM-246 522 Page 23
. A complete Parts List is available at www.MillerWelds.com
SECTION 6 − MAINTENANCE AND TROUBLESHOOTING
6-1. Routine Maintenance
!
Disconnect power before maintaining.
. Maintain more often during severe conditions.
n = Check
Z = Change
~ = Clean
* To be done by Factory Authorized Service Agent
Δ = Repair
l = Replace
Every
3
Months
nl Labels
n l Gas Hoses
Every
3
Months
nΔ lCables And Cords
Every
6
Months
~:Durning heavy service, clean monthly.
6-2. Circuit Breaker CB1
1
Supplementary Protector CB1
If CB1 opens, unit will be completely
inoperative.
If CB1 opens repeatedly, have a Factory Authorized Service Agent check
unit..
1
805 395-B
OM-246 522 Page 24
. A complete Parts List is available at www.MillerWelds.com
6-3. Meter Troubleshooting Displays For Diversion 180 Models
1
TEMP .... FAIL
2 Sec
. All directions are
in reference to the
front of the unit. All circuitry referred to
is located inside the unit.
1 Typical meter display may be in
several segments. Each segment is
shown for two seconds, and then
scrolls to the remaining segments
of the display. The message then
repeats itself.
w [TEMP] [FAIL] [MAG]
Indicates a short or open in the thermal
protection circuitry located in the transformer of the unit. Contact a Factory Authorized Service Agent if this display is shown.
w [TEMP] [FAIL] [SEC]
Indicates a short or open in the thermal
protection circuitry located in the secondary
of the unit. Contact a Factory Authorized
.... MAG
2 Sec
Service Agent if this display is shown.
w [TEMP] [FAIL] [PRI]
Indicates a short or open in the thermal
protection circuitry located in the primary of
the unit. Contact a Factory Authorized Service Agent if this display is shown.
w [SEC] [CLMP] [ERR]
Secondary clamp voltage too high.
Straighten out or shorten weld cables. If this
does not correct the problem, contact a
Factory Authorized Service Agent.
w [Over][Temp]
On for two seconds then flashes:
[SEC] − Indicates the secondary of the
unit has overheated. The unit has shut
down to allow the fan to cool it (see Section
Repeat
3-5). Operation will continue when the unit
has cooled.
[PRI] − Indicates the primary of the unit
has overheated. The unit has shut down to
allow the fan to cool it (see Section 3-5). Operation will continue when the unit has
cooled.
[MAG] − Indicates that the transformer
has overheated. The unit has shut down to
allow the fan to cool it (see Section 3-5). Operation will continue when the unit has
cooled.
w [REL][TRIG]
Indicates that the torch trigger is depressed. Release trigger to continue.
w [NOT][VALD]
Indicates a non-allowable set-up on the
front panel.
6-4. Troubleshooting
. The remedies listed below are recommendations only. If these remedies do not fix the
trouble with your unit, have a Factory Authorized Service Agent check unit.
There are no user serviceable parts inside unit.
Trouble
No weld output; unit completely
inoperative.
Remedy
Place machine power switch in On position (see Section 5-1 or 5-2).
Place line disconnect switch in On position (see Section 4-6).
Check and replace line fuse(s), if necessary (see Section 4-6).
Check for proper input power connections (see Section 4-6).
No weld output; unit on.
Check, repair, or replace remote control.
Have Factory Authorized Service Agent check unit.
Unit provides only maximum or
minimum weld output.
Make sure Material Thickness/amperage control is in proper position (see Section 5-1 or 5-2).
Erratic or improper weld output.
Lay weld cables out straight, do not leave weld cables coiled.
Have Factory Authorized Service Agent check unit.
Check position of Material Selector switch (see Section Figure 5-1 or 5-2).
Check position of Material Thickness/amperage control (see Section 5-1 or 5-2).
No control of weld output.
Make sure Material Thickness/amperage control is in proper position (see Section 5-1 or 5-2).
Lack of high frequency; difficulty in
starting GTAW arc.
Select proper size tungsten (see Section 9-1).
Be sure torch cable is not close to any grounded metal.
Check cables and torch for cracked insulation or bad connections. Repair or replace.
Wandering arc − poor control of
direction of arc.
Reduce gas flow rate (see Section 4-3).
Select proper size tungsten (see Section 9-1).
OM-246 522 Page 25
. A complete Parts List is available at www.MillerWelds.com
Trouble
Remedy
Properly prepare tungsten (see Section 9-2).
Tungsten electrode oxidizing and not
remaining bright after conclusion of
weld.
Shield weld zone from drafts.
Check and tighten all gas fittings.
Properly prepare tungsten (see Section 9-2).
Fan not operating.
Unit equipped with Fan-On-Demandt. Fans run only when necessary. Unit equipped with circuitry to
protect against overheating.
No weld output; fan does not run.
Place line disconnect switch in On position (see Section 4-6).
Check and replace line fuse(s), if necessary, or reset circuit breaker (see Section 4-6).
Check for proper input power connections (see Section 4-6).
No weld output; fan on.
For Diversion 165 models, be sure Material Selector switch is set in position (see Section 5-1).
Check connection to remote control receptacle (see Section 4-2).
Check remote control (see remote control Owner’s Manual).
Unit overheated. Allow unit to cool (see Section 3-5).
Fan not operating; weld output
available.
Check for and remove anything blocking fan movement.
Have Factory Authorized Service Agent check fan motor.
Power LED flashes (Diversion 165
Models).
Input voltage out of usual range of 230 volts ±10%.
Output On LED flashes (Diversion 165
Models).
Unit has overheated. Do not use until LED stops flashing (see Sections 3-5 and 5-1 or 5-2).
OM-246 522 Page 26
. A complete Parts List is available at www.MillerWelds.com
SECTION 7 − ELECTRICAL DIAGRAMS
232 891-E
Figure 7-1. Circuit Diagram For Diversion 165 Models
OM-246 522 Page 27
. A complete Parts List is available at www.MillerWelds.com
246 520-A
Figure 7-2. Circuit Diagram For Diversion 180 Models
OM-246 522 Page 28
SECTION 8 − HIGH FREQUENCY
8-1. Welding Processes Requiring High Frequency
1
High-Frequency Voltage
TIG − helps arc jump air gap
between torch and workpiece and/
or stabilize the arc.
1
Work
TIG
high_freq 5/10 − S-0693
8-2. Installation Showing Possible Sources Of HF Interference
Weld Zone
11, 12
50 ft
(15 m)
10
14
9
8
7
3
2
13
1
4
5
6
Best Practices
Not Followed
Sources of Direct High-Frequency
Radiation
1 High-Frequency Source (welding
power source with built-in HF or
separate HF unit)
2 Weld Cables
3 Torch
4 Work Clamp
5 Workpiece
6 Work Table
Sources of Conduction of High
Frequency
7 Input Power Cable
8 Line Disconnect Device
9 Input Supply Wiring
Sources of Reradiation of High
Frequency
10 Ungrounded Metal Objects
11 Lighting
12 Wiring
13 Water Pipes and Fixtures
14 External Phone and Power Lines
S-0694
OM-246 522 Page 29
8-3. Recommended Installation To Reduce HF Interference
7
Weld Zone
3
50 ft
(15 m)
50 ft
(15 m)
5
1
6
2
8
4
8
Ground all metal objects and all wiring in
welding zone using
#12 AWG wire.
Nonmetal
Building
Ground
workpiece if
required by
codes.
9
Best Practices Followed
Metal Building
8
8
11
10
Ref. S-0695 / Ref. S-0695
1
High-Frequency Source (welding
power source with built-in HF or
separate HF unit)
Ground metal machine case (clean paint
from around hole in case, and use case
screw), work output terminal, line disconnect device, input supply, and worktable.
2 Center Point of Welding Zone
Midpoint between high-frequency source
and welding torch.
3 Welding Zone
A circle 50 ft (15 m) from center point in all
directions.
4 Weld Output Cables
Keep cables short and close together.
OM-246 522 Page 30
5
Conduit Joint Bonding and Grounding
Electrically join (bond) all conduit sections
using copper straps or braided wire.
Ground conduit every 50 ft (15 m).
6
Water Pipes and Fixtures
Ground water pipes every 50 ft (15 m).
7
External Power or Telephone Lines
Locate high-frequency source at least 50 ft
(15 m) away from power and phone lines.
8
Grounding Rod
Consult the National Electrical Code for
specifications.
Metal Building Requirements
9
Metal Building Panel Bonding
Methods
Bolt or weld building panels together, install
copper straps or braided wire across
seams, and ground frame.
10 Windows and Doorways
Cover all windows and doorways with
grounded copper screen of not more than
1/4 in (6.4 mm) mesh.
11 Overhead Door Track
Ground the track.
. A complete Parts List is available at www.MillerWelds.com
SECTION 9 − SELECTING AND PREPARING A TUNGSTEN
FOR DC OR AC WELDING WITH INVERTER MACHINES
gtaw_Inverter_2010-04
Whenever possible and practical, use DC weld output instead of AC weld output.
9-1. Selecting Tungsten Electrode (Wear Clean gloves To Prevent Contamination Of Tungsten )
Amperage Range - Gas Type♦ - Polarity
Electrode Diameter
(DCEN) − Argon
AC − Argon
Direct Current Electrode Negative
Balance Control @ 65% Electrode Negative
(For Use With Aluminum)
(For Use With Mild Or Stainless Steel)
2% Ceria (Orange Band), 1.5% Lanthanum (Gray Band), Or 2% Thorium (Red Band) Alloy Tungstens
.010 in. (1 mm)
Up to 25
Up to 20
.020 in. (1 mm)
15-40
15-35
.040 in. (1 mm)
25-85
20-80
1/16 in. (1.6 mm)
50-160
50-150
3/32 in. (2.4 mm)
130-250
135-235
1/8 in. (3.2 mm)
250-400
225-360
5/32 in. (4.0 mm)
400-500
300-450
3/16 in (4.8 mm)
500-750
400-500
1/4 in. (6.4 mm)
750-1000
600-800
♦Typical argon shielding gas flow rates are 11 to 35 cfh (cubic feet per hour).
Figures listed are a guide and are a composite of recommendations from American Welding Society (AWS) and electrode manufacturers.
9-2. Preparing Tungsten Electrode For DC Electrode Negative (DCEN) Welding Or AC
Welding With Inverter Machines
Grinding the tungsten electrode produces dust and flying sparks which can cause injury and start fires.
Use local exhaust (forced ventilation) at the grinder or wear an approved respirator. Read MSDS for safety
information. Consider using tungsten containing ceria, lanthana, or yttria instead of thoria. Grinding dust
from thoriated electrodes contains low-level radioactive material. Properly dispose of grinder dust in an
environmentally safe way. Wear proper face, hand, and body protection. Keep flammables away.
Radial Grinding
Causes Wandering Arc
2-1/2 Times
Electrode Diameter
1
3
2
1
Grinding Wheel
Grind end of tungsten on fine grit, hard
abrasive wheel before welding. Do not use
wheel for other jobs or tungsten can become
contaminated causing lower weld quality.
2
Tungsten Electrode
A 2% ceriated tungsten is recommended.
Wrong Tungsten
Preparation
4
Ideal Tungsten Preparation − Stable Arc
3
Flat
Diameter of this flat determines amperage
capacity.
4
Straight Ground
Grind lengthwise, not radial.
OM-246 522 Page 31
. A complete Parts List is available at www.MillerWelds.com
SECTION 10 − GUIDELINES FOR TIG WELDING (GTAW)
10-1. Positioning The Torch
!
Grinding the tungsten electrode
produces dust and flying sparks
which can cause injury and start
fires. Use local exhaust (forced
ventilation) at the grinder or wear
an approved respirator. Read
MSDS for safety information.
Consider using cerium or lanthanum based tungsten instead of
thoriated. Thorium dust contains
low-level radioactive material.
Properly dispose of grinder dust
in an environmentally safe way.
Wear proper face, hand, and
body protection. Keep flammables away.
1
Workpiece
3
2
4
90°
Make sure workpiece is clean before
welding.
1
2
Work Clamp
Place as close to the weld as possible.
3
4
5
6
10−15°
4
5
6
10−25°
5
6
Torch
Filler Rod (If Applicable)
Gas Cup
Tungsten Electrode
Select and prepare tungsten according
to Section 9.
Guidelines:
The inside diameter of the gas cup
should be at least three times the
tungsten diameter to provide adequate
shielding gas coverage. (For example,
if tungsten is 1/16 in. diameter, gas cup
should be a minimum of 3/16 in.
diameter.
Tungsten extension is the distance the
tungsten extends out gas cup of torch.
1/16 in.
3/16 in.
Bottom View Of Gas Cup
The tungsten extension should be no
greater than the inside diameter of the
gas cup.
Arc length is the distance from the
tungsten to the workpiece.
Ref. ST-161 892
OM-246 522 Page 32
. A complete Parts List is available at www.MillerWelds.com
10-2. Torch Movement During Welding
Tungsten Without Filler Rod
75°
Welding direction
Form pool
Tilt torch
Move torch to front
of pool. Repeat process.
Tungsten With Filler Rod
75°
Welding direction
Form pool
15°
Tilt torch
Remove rod
Add filler metal
Move torch to front
of pool. Repeat process.
ST-162 002-B
10-3. Positioning Torch Tungsten For Various Weld Joints
“T” Joint
Butt Weld And Stringer Bead
20°
90°
70°
75°
20°
10°
15°
Corner Joint
Lap Joint
20-40°
90°
75°
75°
15°
15°
30°
ST-162 003 / S-0792
OM-246 522 Page 33
Notes
Effective January 1, 2011
(Equipment with a serial number preface of MB or newer)
Warranty Questions?
Call
1-800-4-A-MILLER
for your local
Miller distributor.
Your distributor also gives
you ...
Service
You always get the fast,
reliable response you
need. Most replacement
parts can be in your
hands in 24 hours.
Support
Need fast answers to the
tough welding questions?
Contact your distributor.
The expertise of the
distributor and Miller is
there to help you, every
step of the way.
This limited warranty supersedes all previous Miller warranties and is exclusive with no other
guarantees or warranties expressed or implied.
LIMITED WARRANTY − Subject to the terms and conditions 6. 90 Days — Parts
below, Miller Electric Mfg. Co., Appleton, Wisconsin, warrants to its
* Accessory (Kits)
original retail purchaser that new Miller equipment sold after the
* Canvas Covers
effective date of this limited warranty is free of defects in material
* Induction Heating Coils and Blankets, Cables, and
and workmanship at the time it is shipped by Miller. THIS
Non-Electronic Controls
WARRANTY IS EXPRESSLY IN LIEU OF ALL OTHER
* M-Guns
WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING THE
* MIG Guns and Subarc (SAW) Guns
WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS.
* Remote Controls and RFCS-RJ45
Within the warranty periods listed below, Miller will repair or replace
* Replacement Parts (No labor)
any warranted parts or components that fail due to such defects in
* Roughneck Guns
material or workmanship. Miller must be notified in writing within
* Spoolmate Spoolguns
thirty (30) days of such defect or failure, at which time Miller will
provide instructions on the warranty claim procedures to be
followed.
Miller shall honor warranty claims on warranted equipment listed
below in the event of such a failure within the warranty time
periods. All warranty time periods start on the delivery date of the
equipment to the original end-user purchaser, and not to exceed
one year after the equipment is shipped to a North American
distributor or eighteen months after the equipment is shipped to an
International distributor.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
5 Years Parts — 3 Years Labor
* Original main power rectifiers only to include SCRs,
diodes, and discrete rectifier modules
3 Years — Parts and Labor
* Engine Driven Welding Generators
(NOTE: Engines are warranted separately by the
engine manufacturer.)
* Inverter Power Sources (Unless Otherwise Stated)
* Plasma Arc Cutting Power Sources
* Process Controllers
* Semi-Automatic and Automatic Wire Feeders
* Smith 30 Series Flowgauge and Flowmeter
Regulators (No Labor)
* Transformer/Rectifier Power Sources
* Water Coolant Systems (Integrated)
2 Years — Parts
* Auto-Darkening Helmet Lenses (No Labor)
1 Year — Parts and Labor Unless Specified
* Automatic Motion Devices
* CoolBelt and CoolBand Blower Unit (No Labor)
* External Monitoring Equipment and Sensors
* Field Options
(NOTE: Field options are covered for the remaining
warranty period of the product they are installed in, or
for a minimum of one year — whichever is greater.)
* Flowgauge and Flowmeter Regulators (No Labor)
* RFCS Foot Controls (Except RFCS-RJ45)
* Fume Extractors
* HF Units
* ICE Plasma Cutting Torches (No Labor)
* Induction Heating Power Sources, Coolers, and
Electronic Controls/Recorders
* Load Banks
* Motor Driven Guns (w/exception of Spoolmate
Spoolguns)
* PAPR Blower Unit (No Labor)
* Positioners and Controllers
* Racks
* Running Gear/Trailers
* Spot Welders
* Subarc Wire Drive Assemblies
* Water Coolant Systems (Non-Integrated)
* Weldcraft-Branded TIG Torches (No Labor)
* Wireless Remote Foot/Hand Controls and Receivers
* Work Stations/Weld Tables (No Labor)
6 Months — Parts
* Batteries
* Bernard Guns (No Labor)
* Tregaskiss Guns (No Labor)
Miller’s True Blue® Limited Warranty shall not apply to:
1.
2.
3.
Consumable components; such as contact tips,
cutting nozzles, contactors, brushes, relays, work
station table tops and welding curtains, or parts that
fail due to normal wear. (Exception: brushes and
relays are covered on all engine-driven products.)
Items furnished by Miller, but manufactured by others,
such as engines or trade accessories. These items are
covered by the manufacturer’s warranty, if any.
Equipment that has been modified by any party other than
Miller, or equipment that has been improperly installed,
improperly operated or misused based upon industry
standards, or equipment which has not had reasonable
and necessary maintenance, or equipment which has
been used for operation outside of the specifications for
the equipment.
MILLER PRODUCTS ARE INTENDED FOR PURCHASE AND
USE BY COMMERCIAL/INDUSTRIAL USERS AND PERSONS
TRAINED AND EXPERIENCED IN THE USE AND
MAINTENANCE OF WELDING EQUIPMENT.
In the event of a warranty claim covered by this warranty, the
exclusive remedies shall be, at Miller’s option: (1) repair; or (2)
replacement; or, where authorized in writing by Miller in
appropriate cases, (3) the reasonable cost of repair or
replacement at an authorized Miller service station; or (4) payment
of or credit for the purchase price (less reasonable depreciation
based upon actual use) upon return of the goods at customer’s risk
and expense. Miller’s option of repair or replacement will be F.O.B.,
Factory at Appleton, Wisconsin, or F.O.B. at a Miller authorized
service facility as determined by Miller. Therefore no
compensation or reimbursement for transportation costs of any
kind will be allowed.
TO THE EXTENT PERMITTED BY LAW, THE REMEDIES
PROVIDED HEREIN ARE THE SOLE AND EXCLUSIVE
REMEDIES. IN NO EVENT SHALL MILLER BE LIABLE FOR
DIRECT,
INDIRECT,
SPECIAL,
INCIDENTAL
OR
CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING LOSS OF
PROFIT), WHETHER BASED ON CONTRACT, TORT OR ANY
OTHER LEGAL THEORY.
ANY EXPRESS WARRANTY NOT PROVIDED HEREIN AND
ANY
IMPLIED
WARRANTY,
GUARANTY
OR
REPRESENTATION AS TO PERFORMANCE, AND ANY
REMEDY FOR BREACH OF CONTRACT TORT OR ANY
OTHER LEGAL THEORY WHICH, BUT FOR THIS PROVISION,
MIGHT ARISE BY IMPLICATION, OPERATION OF LAW,
CUSTOM OF TRADE OR COURSE OF DEALING, INCLUDING
ANY IMPLIED WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY OR
FITNESS FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSE, WITH RESPECT TO
ANY AND ALL EQUIPMENT FURNISHED BY MILLER IS
EXCLUDED AND DISCLAIMED BY MILLER.
Some states in the U.S.A. do not allow limitations of how long an
implied warranty lasts, or the exclusion of incidental, indirect,
special or consequential damages, so the above limitation or
exclusion may not apply to you. This warranty provides specific
legal rights, and other rights may be available, but may vary from
state to state.
In Canada, legislation in some provinces provides for certain
additional warranties or remedies other than as stated herein, and
to the extent that they may not be waived, the limitations and
exclusions set out above may not apply. This Limited Warranty
provides specific legal rights, and other rights may be available,
but may vary from province to province.
miller_warr 2011−01
Owner’s Record
Please complete and retain with your personal records.
Model Name
Serial/Style Number
Purchase Date
(Date which equipment was delivered to original customer.)
Distributor
Address
City
State
Zip
For Service
Contact a DISTRIBUTOR or SERVICE AGENCY near you.
Always provide Model Name and Serial/Style Number.
Contact your Distributor for:
Welding Supplies and Consumables
Options and Accessories
Personal Safety Equipment
Service and Repair
Miller Electric Mfg. Co.
An Illinois Tool Works Company
1635 West Spencer Street
Appleton, WI 54914 USA
Replacement Parts
Training (Schools, Videos, Books)
Technical Manuals (Servicing Information
and Parts)
Circuit Diagrams
For International Locations Visit
www.MillerWelds.com
Welding Process Handbooks
To locate a Distributor or Service Agency visit
www.millerwelds.com or call 1-800-4-A-Miller
Contact the Delivering Carrier to:
File a claim for loss or damage during
shipment.
For assistance in filing or settling claims, contact
your distributor and/or equipment manufacturer’s
Transportation Department.
ORIGINAL INSTRUCTIONS − PRINTED IN USA
International Headquarters−USA
USA Phone: 920-735-4505 Auto-Attended
USA & Canada FAX: 920-735-4134
International FAX: 920-735-4125
© 2011 Miller Electric Mfg. Co.
2011−01
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