Miller | LE069547 | Owner Manual | Miller SYNCROWAVE 180 SD 208/230 VOLTS User manual

Miller SYNCROWAVE 180 SD 208/230 VOLTS User manual
OM-360
207 220E
January 2004
Processes
TIG (GTAW) Welding
Stick (SMAW) Welding
Description
Arc Welding Power Source
R
Syncrowave 180 SD
230 Volt Model
Visit our website at
www.MillerWelds.com
From Miller to You
Thank you and congratulations on choosing Miller. Now you can get
the job done and get it done right. We know you don’t have time to do
it any other way.
That’s why when Niels Miller first started building arc welders in 1929,
he made sure his products offered long-lasting value and superior
quality. Like you, his customers couldn’t afford anything less. Miller
products had to be more than the best they could be. They had to be the
best you could buy.
Today, the people that build and sell Miller products continue the
tradition. They’re just as committed to providing equipment and service
that meets the high standards of quality and value established in 1929.
This Owner’s Manual is designed to help you get the most out of your
Miller products. Please take time to read the Safety precautions. They
will help you protect yourself against potential hazards on the worksite.
We’ve made installation and operation quick
and easy. With Miller you can count on years
of reliable service with proper maintenance.
And if for some reason the unit needs repair,
there’s a Troubleshooting section that will
help you figure out what the problem is. The
Miller is the first welding parts list will then help you to decide the
equipment manufacturer in exact part you may need to fix the problem.
the U.S.A. to be registered to
the ISO 9001:2000 Quality Warranty and service information for your
System Standard.
particular model are also provided.
Miller Electric manufactures a full line
of welders and welding related equipment.
For information on other quality Miller
products, contact your local Miller distributor to receive the latest full
line catalog or individual catalog sheets. To locate your nearest
distributor or service agency call 1-800-4-A-Miller, or visit us at
www.MillerWelds.com on the web.
Mil_Thank 7/03
Working as hard as you do
− every power source from
Miller is backed by the most
hassle-free warranty in the
business.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
SECTION 1 − SAFETY PRECAUTIONS - READ BEFORE USING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-1. Symbol Usage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-2. Arc Welding Hazards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-3. Additional Symbols For Installation, Operation, And Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-4. Principal Safety Standards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-5. EMF Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SECTION 2 − CONSIGNES DE SÉCURITÉ − À LIRE AVANT UTILISATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-1. Signification des symboles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-2. Dangers relatifs au soudage à l’arc . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-3. Autres symboles relatifs à l’installation, au fonctionnement et à l’entretien de l’appareil. . . . . . . . . . . .
2-4. Principales normes de sécurité . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-5. Information sur les champs électromagnétiques . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SECTION 3 − INSTALLATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-1. Included with Your Unit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-2. Selecting A Location . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-3. Dimensions And Weights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-4. Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-5. Duty Cycle Chart . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-6. Volt-Ampere Curves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-7. Weld Output Terminals And Selecting Cable Sizes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-8. Remote 14 Receptacle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-9. Shielding Gas Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-10. Typical TIG Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-11. Typical Stick Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-12. Electrical Service Guide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-13. Connecting Input Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SECTION 4 − OPERATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-1. Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-2. Example of Front Panel Amperage Control For Stick (SMAW) Welding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-3. Example of Remote Amperage Control For TIG (GTAW) Welding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-4. Postflow Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-5. Selecting TIG Starting Characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-6. Timer/Cycle Counter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4-7. Balance/DIG Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SECTION 5 − MAINTENANCE AND TROUBLESHOOTING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-1. Routine Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-2. Adjusting Spark Gaps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-3. Voltmeter/Ammeter Help Displays . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-4. Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SECTION 6 − ELECTRICAL DIAGRAM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SECTION 7 − HIGH FREQUENCY (HF) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-1. Welding Processes Requiring High Frequency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-2. Sources Of HF Radiation From Incorrect Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-3. Correct Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SECTION 8 − SELECTING AND PREPARING TUNGSTEN ELECTRODE FOR DC OR AC WELDING . . . .
8-1. Selecting Tungsten Electrode (Wear Clean gloves To Prevent Contamination Of Tungsten) . . . . . . . .
8-2. Preparing Tungsten Electrode For Welding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SECTION 9 − GUIDELINES FOR TIG WELDING (GTAW) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9-1. Positioning The Torch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9-2. Torch Movement During Welding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9-3. Positioning Torch Tungsten For Various Weld Joints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SECTION 10 − STICK WELDING (SMAW) GUIDELINES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SECTION 11 − PARTS LIST . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
WARRANTY
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SECTION 1 − SAFETY PRECAUTIONS - READ BEFORE USING
som _8/03
1-1. Symbol Usage
Means Warning! Watch Out! There are possible hazards
with this procedure! The possible hazards are shown in
the adjoining symbols.
This group of symbols means Warning! Watch Out! possible
ELECTRIC SHOCK, MOVING PARTS, and HOT PARTS hazards.
Consult symbols and related instructions below for necessary actions
to avoid the hazards.
Y Marks a special safety message.
. Means “Note”; not safety related.
1-2. Arc Welding Hazards
Y The symbols shown below are used throughout this manual to
call attention to and identify possible hazards. When you see
the symbol, watch out, and follow the related instructions to
avoid the hazard. The safety information given below is only
a summary of the more complete safety information found in
the Safety Standards listed in Section 1-5. Read and follow all
Safety Standards.
D If earth grounding of the workpiece is required, ground it directly
with a separate cable.
Y Only qualified persons should install, operate, maintain, and
repair this unit.
D Wear a safety harness if working above floor level.
D Keep all panels and covers securely in place.
Y During operation, keep everybody, especially children, away.
D Clamp work cable with good metal-to-metal contact to workpiece
or worktable as near the weld as practical.
D Do not touch electrode if you are in contact with the work, ground,
or another electrode from a different machine.
D Use only well-maintained equipment. Repair or replace damaged
parts at once. Maintain unit according to manual.
D Insulate work clamp when not connected to workpiece to prevent
contact with any metal object.
ELECTRIC SHOCK can kill.
Touching live electrical parts can cause fatal shocks
or severe burns. The electrode and work circuit is
electrically live whenever the output is on. The input
power circuit and machine internal circuits are also
live when power is on. In semiautomatic or automatic wire welding, the
wire, wire reel, drive roll housing, and all metal parts touching the
welding wire are electrically live. Incorrectly installed or improperly
grounded equipment is a hazard.
D Do not connect more than one electrode or work cable to any
single weld output terminal.
SIGNIFICANT DC VOLTAGE exists after removal of
input power on inverters.
D Turn Off inverter, disconnect input power, and discharge input
capacitors according to instructions in Maintenance Section
before touching any parts.
D Do not touch live electrical parts.
D Wear dry, hole-free insulating gloves and body protection.
D Insulate yourself from work and ground using dry insulating mats
or covers big enough to prevent any physical contact with the work
or ground.
D Do not use AC output in damp areas, if movement is confined, or if
there is a danger of falling.
D Use AC output ONLY if required for the welding process.
D If AC output is required, use remote output control if present on
unit.
D Disconnect input power or stop engine before installing or
servicing this equipment. Lockout/tagout input power according to
OSHA 29 CFR 1910.147 (see Safety Standards).
D Properly install and ground this equipment according to its
Owner’s Manual and national, state, and local codes.
D Keep your head out of the fumes. Do not breathe the fumes.
D Always verify the supply ground − check and be sure that input
power cord ground wire is properly connected to ground terminal in
disconnect box or that cord plug is connected to a properly
grounded receptacle outlet.
D When making input connections, attach proper grounding conductor first − double-check connections.
D Frequently inspect input power cord for damage or bare wiring −
replace cord immediately if damaged − bare wiring can kill.
D Turn off all equipment when not in use.
D Do not use worn, damaged, undersized, or poorly spliced cables.
D Do not weld in locations near degreasing, cleaning, or spraying operations. The heat and rays of the arc can react with vapors to form
highly toxic and irritating gases.
D Do not drape cables over your body.
FUMES AND GASES can be hazardous.
Welding produces fumes and gases. Breathing
these fumes and gases can be hazardous to your
health.
D If inside, ventilate the area and/or use exhaust at the arc to remove
welding fumes and gases.
D If ventilation is poor, use an approved air-supplied respirator.
D Read the Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDSs) and the
manufacturer’s instructions for metals, consumables, coatings,
cleaners, and degreasers.
D Work in a confined space only if it is well ventilated, or while
wearing an air-supplied respirator. Always have a trained watchperson nearby. Welding fumes and gases can displace air and
lower the oxygen level causing injury or death. Be sure the breathing air is safe.
D Do not weld on coated metals, such as galvanized, lead, or
cadmium plated steel, unless the coating is removed from the weld
area, the area is well ventilated, and if necessary, while wearing an
air-supplied respirator. The coatings and any metals containing
these elements can give off toxic fumes if welded.
Return To Table Of Contents
OM-360 Page 1
ARC RAYS can burn eyes and skin.
BUILDUP OF GAS can injure or kill.
D Shut off shielding gas supply when not in use.
D Always ventilate confined spaces or use
approved air-supplied respirator.
Arc rays from the welding process produce intense
visible and invisible (ultraviolet and infrared) rays
that can burn eyes and skin. Sparks fly off from the
weld.
D Wear a welding helmet fitted with a proper shade of filter to protect
your face and eyes when welding or watching (see ANSI Z49.1
and Z87.1 listed in Safety Standards).
HOT PARTS can cause severe burns.
D Wear approved safety glasses with side shields under your
helmet.
D Use protective screens or barriers to protect others from flash and
glare; warn others not to watch the arc.
D Wear protective clothing made from durable, flame-resistant material (leather and wool) and foot protection.
D Do not touch hot parts bare handed.
D Allow cooling period before working on gun or
torch.
MAGNETIC FIELDS can affect pacemakers.
WELDING can cause fire or explosion.
D Pacemaker wearers keep away.
D Wearers should consult their doctor before
going near arc welding, gouging, or spot
welding operations.
Welding on closed containers, such as tanks,
drums, or pipes, can cause them to blow up. Sparks
can fly off from the welding arc. The flying sparks, hot
workpiece, and hot equipment can cause fires and
burns. Accidental contact of electrode to metal objects can cause
sparks, explosion, overheating, or fire. Check and be sure the area is
safe before doing any welding.
D Protect yourself and others from flying sparks and hot metal.
D Do not weld where flying sparks can strike flammable material.
D Remove all flammables within 35 ft (10.7 m) of the welding arc. If
this is not possible, tightly cover them with approved covers.
D Be alert that welding sparks and hot materials from welding can
easily go through small cracks and openings to adjacent areas.
D Watch for fire, and keep a fire extinguisher nearby.
D Be aware that welding on a ceiling, floor, bulkhead, or partition can
cause fire on the hidden side.
D Do not weld on closed containers such as tanks, drums, or pipes,
unless they are properly prepared according to AWS F4.1 (see
Safety Standards).
D Connect work cable to the work as close to the welding area as
practical to prevent welding current from traveling long, possibly
unknown paths and causing electric shock and fire hazards.
D Do not use welder to thaw frozen pipes.
D Remove stick electrode from holder or cut off welding wire at
contact tip when not in use.
D Wear oil-free protective garments such as leather gloves, heavy
shirt, cuffless trousers, high shoes, and a cap.
D Remove any combustibles, such as a butane lighter or matches,
from your person before doing any welding.
FLYING METAL can injure eyes.
D Welding, chipping, wire brushing, and grinding
cause sparks and flying metal. As welds cool,
they can throw off slag.
D Wear approved safety glasses with side
shields even under your welding helmet.
OM-360 Page 2
NOISE can damage hearing.
Noise from some processes or equipment can
damage hearing.
D Wear approved ear protection if noise level is
high.
CYLINDERS can explode if damaged.
Shielding gas cylinders contain gas under high
pressure. If damaged, a cylinder can explode. Since
gas cylinders are normally part of the welding
process, be sure to treat them carefully.
D Protect compressed gas cylinders from excessive heat, mechanical shocks, slag, open flames, sparks, and arcs.
D Install cylinders in an upright position by securing to a stationary
support or cylinder rack to prevent falling or tipping.
D Keep cylinders away from any welding or other electrical circuits.
D Never drape a welding torch over a gas cylinder.
D Never allow a welding electrode to touch any cylinder.
D Never weld on a pressurized cylinder − explosion will result.
D Use only correct shielding gas cylinders, regulators, hoses, and fittings designed for the specific application; maintain them and
associated parts in good condition.
D Turn face away from valve outlet when opening cylinder valve.
D Keep protective cap in place over valve except when cylinder is in
use or connected for use.
D Read and follow instructions on compressed gas cylinders,
associated equipment, and CGA publication P-1 listed in Safety
Standards.
Return To Table Of Contents
1-3. Additional Symbols For Installation, Operation, And Maintenance
FIRE OR EXPLOSION hazard.
MOVING PARTS can cause injury.
D Do not install or place unit on, over, or near
combustible surfaces.
D Do not install unit near flammables.
D Do not overload building wiring − be sure power supply system is
properly sized, rated, and protected to handle this unit.
D Keep away from moving parts such as fans.
D Keep all doors, panels, covers, and guards
closed and securely in place.
FALLING UNIT can cause injury.
H.F. RADIATION can cause interference.
D Use lifting eye to lift unit only, NOT running
gear, gas cylinders, or any other accessories.
D Use equipment of adequate capacity to lift and
support unit.
D If using lift forks to move unit, be sure forks are
long enough to extend beyond opposite side of
unit.
D
OVERUSE can cause OVERHEATING
D
D Allow cooling period; follow rated duty cycle.
D Reduce current or reduce duty cycle before
starting to weld again.
D Do not block or filter airflow to unit.
D
D
D High-frequency (H.F.) can interfere with radio
navigation, safety services, computers, and
communications equipment.
D Have only qualified persons familiar with
electronic equipment perform this installation.
The user is responsible for having a qualified electrician promptly correct any interference problem resulting from the installation.
If notified by the FCC about interference, stop using the
equipment at once.
Have the installation regularly checked and maintained.
Keep high-frequency source doors and panels tightly shut, keep
spark gaps at correct setting, and use grounding and shielding to
minimize the possibility of interference.
STATIC (ESD) can damage PC boards.
D Put on grounded wrist strap BEFORE handling
boards or parts.
D Use proper static-proof bags and boxes to
store, move, or ship PC boards.
ARC WELDING can cause interference.
MOVING PARTS can cause injury.
D Keep away from moving parts.
D Keep away from pinch points such as drive
rolls.
D
D
WELDING WIRE can cause injury.
D Do not press gun trigger until instructed to do
so.
D Do not point gun toward any part of the body,
other people, or any metal when threading
welding wire.
D
D
D Electromagnetic energy can interfere with
sensitive electronic equipment such as
computers and computer-driven equipment
such as robots.
D Be sure all equipment in the welding area is
electromagnetically compatible.
To reduce possible interference, keep weld cables as short as
possible, close together, and down low, such as on the floor.
Locate welding operation 100 meters from any sensitive electronic equipment.
Be sure this welding machine is installed and grounded
according to this manual.
If interference still occurs, the user must take extra measures
such as moving the welding machine, using shielded cables,
using line filters, or shielding the work area.
1-4. California Proposition 65 Warnings
Y Welding or cutting equipment produces fumes or gases which
contain chemicals known to the State of California to cause
birth defects and, in some cases, cancer. (California Health &
Safety Code Section 25249.5 et seq.)
For Gasoline Engines:
Y Engine exhaust contains chemicals known to the State of
California to cause cancer, birth defects, or other reproductive
harm.
Y Battery posts, terminals and related accessories contain lead
and lead compounds, chemicals known to the State of
California to cause cancer and birth defects or other
reproductive harm. Wash hands after handling.
For Diesel Engines:
Y Diesel engine exhaust and some of its constituents are known
to the State of California to cause cancer, birth defects, and
other reproductive harm.
Return To Table Of Contents
OM-360 Page 3
1-5. Principal Safety Standards
Safety in Welding, Cutting, and Allied Processes, ANSI Standard Z49.1,
from American Welding Society, 550 N.W. LeJeune Rd, Miami FL 33126
(phone: 305-443-9353, website: www.aws.org).
Boulevard, Rexdale, Ontario, Canada M9W 1R3 (phone:
800−463−6727 or in Toronto 416−747−4044, website: www.csa−international.org).
Recommended Safe Practices for the Preparation for Welding and Cutting of Containers and Piping, American Welding Society Standard
AWS F4.1, from American Welding Society, 550 N.W. LeJeune Rd, Miami, FL 33126 (phone: 305-443-9353, website: www.aws.org).
Practice For Occupational And Educational Eye And Face Protection,
ANSI Standard Z87.1, from American National Standards Institute, 11
West 42nd Street, New York, NY 10036−8002 (phone: 212−642−4900,
website: www.ansi.org).
National Electrical Code, NFPA Standard 70, from National Fire Protection Association, P.O. Box 9101, 1 Battery March Park, Quincy, MA
02269−9101 (phone: 617−770−3000, website: www.nfpa.org and www.
sparky.org).
Standard for Fire Prevention During Welding, Cutting, and Other Hot
Work, NFPA Standard 51B, from National Fire Protection Association,
P.O. Box 9101, 1 Battery March Park, Quincy, MA 02269−9101 (phone:
617−770−3000,website: www.nfpa.org and www. sparky.org).
Safe Handling of Compressed Gases in Cylinders, CGA Pamphlet P-1,
from Compressed Gas Association, 1735 Jefferson Davis Highway,
Suite 1004, Arlington, VA 22202−4102 (phone: 703−412−0900, website: www.cganet.com).
Code for Safety in Welding and Cutting, CSA Standard W117.2, from
Canadian Standards Association, Standards Sales, 178 Rexdale
OSHA, Occupational Safety and Health Standards for General Industry, Title 29, Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), Part 1910, Subpart Q,
and Part 1926, Subpart J, from U.S. Government Printing Office, Superintendent of Documents, P.O. Box 371954, Pittsburgh, PA 15250 (there
are 10 Regional Offices−−phone for Region 5, Chicago, is
312−353−2220,website: www.osha.gov).
1-6. EMF Information
Considerations About Welding And The Effects Of Low Frequency
Electric And Magnetic Fields
Welding current, as it flows through welding cables, will cause electromagnetic fields. There has been and still is some concern about such
fields. However, after examining more than 500 studies spanning 17
years of research, a special blue ribbon committee of the National
Research Council concluded that: “The body of evidence, in the
committee’s judgment, has not demonstrated that exposure to powerfrequency electric and magnetic fields is a human-health hazard.”
However, studies are still going forth and evidence continues to be
examined. Until the final conclusions of the research are reached, you
may wish to minimize your exposure to electromagnetic fields when
welding or cutting.
To reduce magnetic fields in the workplace, use the following
procedures:
OM-360 Page 4
1. Keep cables close together by twisting or taping them.
2. Arrange cables to one side and away from the operator.
3. Do not coil or drape cables around your body.
4. Keep welding power source and cables as far away from operator as practical.
5. Connect work clamp to workpiece as close to the weld as possible.
About Pacemakers:
Pacemaker wearers consult your doctor first. If cleared by your doctor,
then following the above procedures is recommended.
Return To Table Of Contents
SECTION 2 − CONSIGNES DE SÉCURITÉ − À LIRE AVANT
UTILISATION
som_fre 8/03
2-1. Signification des symboles
Signifie « Mise en garde. Faire preuve de vigilance. »
Cette procédure présente des risques identifiés par les
symboles adjacents aux directives.
Ce groupe de symboles signifie « Mise en garde. Faire preuve de vigilance. » Il y a des dangers liés aux CHOCS ÉLECTRIQUES, aux
PIÈCES EN MOUVEMENT et aux PIÈCES CHAUDES. Se reporter
aux symboles et aux directives ci-dessous afin de connaître les mesures à prendre pour éviter tout danger.
Y Identifie un message de sécurité particulier.
. Signifie « NOTA » ; n’est pas relatif à la sécurité.
2-2. Dangers relatifs au soudage à l’arc
Y Les symboles ci-après sont utilisés tout au long du présent
manuel pour attirer l’attention sur les dangers potentiels et les
identifier. Lorsqu’on voit un symbole, faire preuve de vigilance et
suivre les directives mentionnées afin d’éviter tout danger. Les
consignes de sécurité énoncées ci-après ne font que résumer le
contenu des normes de sécurité mentionnées à la section 2-4.
Lire et respecter toutes ces normes.
D N’utiliser que du matériel en bon état. Réparer ou remplacer sur−le−
champ les pièces endommagées. Entretenir l’appareil conformément
au présent manuel.
Y L’installation, l’utilisation, l’entretien et les réparations ne doivent être confiés qu’à des personnes qualifiées.
D Fixer le câble de retour de façon à obtenir un bon contact métal sur
métal avec la pièce à souder ou la table de travail, le plus près possible
de la soudure.
Y Pendant l’utilisation de l’appareil, tenir à l’écart toute personne,
en particulier les enfants.
D Porter un harnais de sécurité quand on travaille en hauteur.
D Maintenir solidement en place tous les panneaux et capots.
D
Ne pas connecter plus d’une électrode ou plus d’un câble de masse à un
même terminal de sortie.
LES DÉCHARGES ÉLECTRIQUES
peuvent être mortelles.
Un simple contact avec des pièces sous tension peut
causer une électrocution ou des blessures graves.
L’électrode et le circuit de soudage sont sous tension
dès que l’appareil est en fonctionnement. Le circuit
d’entrée et les circuits internes de l’appareil sont également sous tension.
En soudage semi−automatique ou automatique, le fil, le dévidoir, le
logement des galets d’entraînement et les pièces métalliques en contact
avec le fil de soudage sont sous tension. Tout matériel mal installé ou mal
mis à la terre présente un danger.
Il subsiste un COURANT CONTINU IMPORTANT
dans les convertisseurs après la suppression de
l’alimentation électrique.
D Arrêter les convertisseurs, débrancher le courant électrique et décharger les condensateurs d’alimentation selon les instructions
énoncées à la section Entretien avant de toucher les pièces.
D Ne jamais toucher aux pièces électriques sous tension.
D Porter des gants et des vêtements de protection secs et exempts de
trous.
D S’isoler de la pièce et de la terre au moyen de tapis ou autres dispositifs isolants suffisamment grands pour empêcher tout contact
physique avec la pièce ou la terre.
D
D
D
Ne pas se servir d’une source de courant alternatif dans les zones humides, les endroits confinés ou là où on risque de tomber.
Ne se servir d’une source de courant alternatif QUE si le procédé de soudage l’exige.
Si l’utilisation d’une source de courant alternatif s’avère nécessaire, se servir de la fonction de télécommande si l’appareil en est équipé.
D Couper l’alimentation ou arrêter le moteur avant de procéder à l’installation, à la réparation ou à l’entretien de l’appareil. Couper/étiqueter
l’alimentation selon la norme OSHA 29 CFR 1910.147 (voir les normes de sécurité).
D Installer et mettre à la terre correctement l’appareil conformément à
son manuel d’utilisation et aux codes nationaux, provinciaux et
municipaux.
D Toujours vérifier la terre du cordon d’alimentation − Vérifier et s’assurer que le fil de terre du cordon d’alimentation est bien raccordé à la
borne de terre du sectionneur ou que la fiche du cordon est raccordée
à une prise correctement mise à la terre.
D Pour exécuter les branchements d’entrée, fixer d’abord le conducteur
de mise à la terre adéquat et contre−vérifier les connexions.
D Vérifier fréquemment le cordon d’alimentation et s’assurer qu’il n’est
ni endommagé ni dénudé ; le remplacer immédiatement s’il est endommagé − tout câble dénudé peut causer une électrocution.
D Mettre l’appareil hors tension quand on ne l’utilise pas.
D Ne pas utiliser de câbles usés, endommagés, de calibre insuffisant ou
mal épissés.
D Ne pas s’enrouler les câbles autour du corps.
D Si la pièce soudée doit être mise à la terre, le faire directement avec un
câble distinct.
D Ne pas toucher l’électrode quand on est en contact avec la pièce, la
terre ou une électrode d’une autre machine.
LES FUMÉES ET LES GAZ peuvent
être dangereux.
Le soudage génère des fumées et des gaz dont
l’inhalation peut être dangereuse pour la santé.
D Se tenir à distance des fumées et ne pas les inhaler.
D À l’intérieur, ventiler la zone et/ou utiliser un dispositif d’aspiration au
niveau de l’arc pour l’évacuation des fumées et des gaz de soudage.
D Si la ventilation est insuffisante, utiliser un respirateur à adduction
d’air agréé.
D Lire les fiches techniques de santé−sécurité (FTSS) et les instructions du fabricant concernant les métaux, les consommables, les
revêtements, les nettoyants et les dégraisseurs.
D Ne travailler dans un espace clos que s’il est bien ventilé ou porter un
respirateur à adduction d’air. Demander toujours à un surveillant dûment formé de se tenir à proximité. Des fumées et des gaz de soudage
peuvent se substituer à l’air, abaisser la teneur en oxygène et causer
des lésions ou des accidents mortels. S’assurer que l’air est respirable.
D Ne pas souder à proximité d’opérations de dégraissage, de nettoyage
ou de pulvérisation. La chaleur et les rayons de l’arc peuvent réagir en
présence de vapeurs et former des gaz hautement toxiques et irritants.
D Ne pas souder de métaux munis d’un revêtement, tels que la tôle
d’acier galvanisée, plombée ou cadmiée, à moins que le revêtement
n’ait été enlevé dans la zone de soudage, que l’endroit soit bien ventilé, et si nécessaire, porter un respirateur à adduction d’air. Les
revêtements et tous les métaux renfermant ces éléments peuvent dégager des fumées toxiques lorsqu’on les soude.
Revenez à la table des matières
OM-360 Page 5
LES RAYONS DE L’ARC peuvent causer des brûlures oculaires et cutanées.
Le rayonnement de l’arc génère des rayons visibles et
invisibles intenses (ultraviolets et infrarouges) susceptibles de causer des brûlures oculaires et cutanées.
Des étincelles sont projetées pendant le soudage.
D Porter un masque de soudage muni d’un filtre de la nuance adéquate
pour se protéger le visage et les yeux pendant le soudage ou pour regarder (voir les normes de sécurité ANSI Z49.1 et Z87.1).
D Porter des lunettes de sécurité à écrans latéraux sous le masque.
D Utiliser des écrans ou des barrières pour protéger les tiers de l’éclat
éblouissant ou aveuglant de l’arc ; leur demander de ne pas regarder
l’arc.
D Porter des vêtements de protection en matière durable et ignifuge
(cuir ou laine) et des chaussures de sécurité.
LES ACCUMULATIONS DE GAZ peuvent causer des blessures ou même
la mort.
D
D
Couper l’alimentation en gaz protecteur en cas de
non utilisation.
Veiller toujours à bien ventiler les espaces confinés ou porter un respirateur à adduction d’air agréé.
LES PIÈCES CHAUDES peuvent causer des brûlures graves.
D Ne pas toucher les pièces chaudes à main nue.
D Prévoir une période de refroidissement avant
d’utiliser le pistolet ou la torche.
LE SOUDAGE peut causer un incendie ou une explosion.
LES CHAMPS MAGNÉTIQUES peuvent
perturber le fonctionnement des stimulateurs cardiaques.
Le soudage effectué sur des récipients fermés tels que
des réservoirs, des fûts ou des conduites peut causer
leur éclatement. Des étincelles peuvent être projetées
de l’arc de soudure. La projection d’étincelles, les
pièces chaudes et les équipements chauds peuvent causer des
incendies et des brûlures. Le contact accidentel de l’électrode avec tout
objet métallique peut causer des étincelles, une explosion, un surchauffement ou un incendie. Avant de commencer le soudage, vérifier et
s’assurer que l’endroit ne présente pas de danger.
D Se protéger et protéger les tiers de la projection d’étincelles et de métal chaud.
D Ne pas souder à un endroit où des étincelles peuvent tomber sur des
substances inflammables.
D Placer toutes les substances inflammables à une distance de 10,7 m
de l’arc de soudage. En cas d’impossibilité, les recouvrir soigneusement avec des protections agréées.
D Des étincelles et des matières en fusion peuvent facilement passer
même par des fissures et des ouvertures de petites dimensions.
D Surveiller tout déclenchement d’incendie et tenir un extincteur à proximité.
D Le soudage effectué sur un plafond, un plancher, une paroi ou une
cloison peut déclencher un incendie de l’autre côté.
D Ne pas souder des récipients fermés tels que des réservoirs, des fûts
ou des conduites, à moins qu’ils n’aient été préparés conformément à
l’AWS F4.1 (voir les normes de sécurité).
D Brancher le câble sur la pièce le plus près possible de la zone de soudage pour éviter que le courant ne circule sur une longue distance, par
des chemins inconnus, et ne cause des risques d’électrocution et d’incendie.
D Ne pas utiliser le poste de soudage pour dégeler des conduites gelées.
D En cas de non utilisation, enlever la baguette d’électrode du porte−
électrode ou couper le fil au raz du tube−contact.
D Porter des vêtements de protection exempts d’huile tels que des
gants en cuir, une chemise en tissu épais, des pantalons sans revers,
des chaussures montantes et un masque.
D Avant de souder, retirer tout produit combustible de ses poches, tel
qu’un briquet au butane ou des allumettes.
LES PARTICULES PROJETÉES peuvent blesser les yeux.
D Le soudage, le burinage, le passage de la pièce à
la brosse métallique et le meulage provoquent
l’émission d’étincelles et de particules métalliques. Pendant leur refroidissement, les soudures risquent de projeter du
laitier.
D
Porter des lunettes de sécurité à écrans latéraux agréés, même sous le
masque de soudage.
OM-360 Page 6
D
D
Les personnes qui portent un stimulateur cardiaque
doivent se tenir à distance.
Ils doivent consulter leur médecin avant de s’approcher d’un lieu où on exécute des opérations de soudage à l’arc, de gougeage ou de soudage par points.
LE BRUIT peut affecter l’ouïe.
Le bruit de certains processus et équipements peut
affecter l’ouïe.
D
Porter des protecteurs d’oreille agréés si le niveau
sonore est trop élevé.
Les BOUTEILLES
peuvent exploser.
endommagées
Les bouteilles de gaz protecteur contiennent du gaz
sous haute pression. Toute bouteille endommagée
peut exploser. Comme les bouteilles de gaz font
normalement partie du procédé de soudage, les
manipuler avec précaution.
D Protéger les bouteilles de gaz comprimé de la chaleur excessive, des
chocs mécaniques, du laitier, des flammes nues, des étincelles et des
arcs.
D Placer les bouteilles debout en les fixant dans un support stationnaire
ou dans un porte−bouteilles pour les empêcher de tomber ou de se
renverser.
D Tenir les bouteilles éloignées des circuits de soudage ou autres circuits électriques.
D Ne jamais poser une torche de soudage sur une bouteille de gaz.
D Ne jamais mettre une électrode de soudage en contact avec une bouteille de gaz.
D Ne jamais souder une bouteille contenant du gaz sous pression − elle
risquerait d’exploser.
D N’utiliser que les bouteilles de gaz protecteur, régulateurs, tuyaux et
raccords adéquats pour l’application envisagée ; les maintenir en bon
état, ainsi que les pièces connexes.
D Détourner la tête lorsqu’on ouvre la soupape d’une bouteille.
D Laisser le capuchon protecteur sur la soupape, sauf en cas d’utilisation ou de branchement de la bouteille
D Lire et suivre les instructions concernant les bouteilles de gaz comprimé, les équipements associés et les publications P−1 de la CGA,
mentionnées dans les normes de sécurité.
Revenez à la table des matières
2-3. Autres symboles relatifs à l’installation, au fonctionnement et à l’entretien de
l’appareil.
Risque D’INCENDIE OU D’EXPLOSION
LES ORGANES MOBILES peuvent
causer des blessures.
D Ne pas placer l’appareil sur une surface inflammable, ni au−dessus ou à proximité d’elle.
D Se tenir à l’écart des organes mobiles comme les
ventilateurs.
D Maintenir fermés et bien fixés les portes,
panneaux, recouvrements et dispositifs de
protection.
D Ne pas installer l’appareil à proximité de produits inflammables.
D Ne pas surcharger l’installation électrique − s’assurer que l’alimentation est correctement dimensionnée et protégée avant de mettre
l’appareil en service.
LE RAYONNEMENT HAUTE FRÉQUENCE (H. F.) risque de causer des
interférences.
LA CHUTE DE L’APPAREIL peut
blesser.
D N’utiliser que l’anneau de levage pour lever l’appareil. NE PAS utiliser le chariot, les bouteilles de
gaz ou tout autre accessoire.
D Utiliser un engin de capacité adéquate pour lever
l’appareil.
D Si on utilise un chariot élévateur pour déplacer l’unité, s’assurer que
les fourches sont suffisamment longues pour dépasser du côté opposé de l’appareil.
L’EMPLOI EXCESSIF peut FAIRE
SURCHAUFFER L’ÉQUIPEMENT.
D Prévoir une période de refroidissement ; respecter le cycle opératoire nominal.
D Réduire le courant ou le cycle opératoire avant de
reprendre le soudage.
D Le rayonnement haute fréquence peut causer
des interférences avec les équipements de radionavigation et de communication, les services de
sécurité et les ordinateurs.
D Ne demander qu’à des personnes qualifiées familiarisées avec les
équipements électroniques de faire fonctionner l’installation.
D L’utilisateur est tenu de faire corriger rapidement par un électricien
qualifié les interférences causées par l’installation.
D Si la Federal Communications Commission signale des interférences, arrêter immédiatement l’appareil.
D Faire régulièrement contrôler et entretenir l’installation.
D Maintenir soigneusement fermés les panneaux et les portes des sources de haute fréquence, maintenir le jeu d’éclatement au réglage
adéquat et utiliser une terre et un blindage pour réduire les interférences éventuelles.
LE SOUDAGE À L’ARC peut causer
des interférences.
D Ne pas obstruer les orifices ou filtrer l’alimentation en air du poste.
D L’énergie électromagnétique peut causer des
interférences avec l’équipement électronique
sensible tel que les ordinateurs et l’équipement
commandé par ordinateur tel que les robots.
LES CHARGES ÉLECTROSTATIQUES peuvent endommager les circuits imprimés.
D Mettre un bracelet antistatique AVANT de manipuler des cartes ou des pièces.
D Utiliser des pochettes et des boîtes antistatiques
pour stocker, déplacer ou expédier des cartes de
circuits imprimés.
LES PIÈCES MOBILES peuvent causer des blessures.
D Se tenir à l’écart des pièces mobiles.
D Se tenir à l’écart des points de coincement tels
que les dévidoirs.
D Veiller à ce que tout l’équipement de la zone de soudage soit compatible au point de vue électromagnétique.
D Pour réduire la possibilité d’interférence, maintenir les câbles de soudage aussi courts que possible, les grouper, et les poser aussi bas
que possible (par ex. : à terre).
D Veiller à souder à une distance de 100 mètres de tout équipement
électronique sensible.
D Veiller à ce que le poste de soudage soit posé et mis à la terre conformément au présent manuel.
D En cas d’interférences après exécution des directives précédentes, il
incombe à l’utilisateur de prendre des mesures supplémentaires telles que le déplacement du poste, l’utilisation de câbles blindés,
l’utilisation de filtres de ligne ou la pose de protecteurs dans la zone de
travail.
LES FILS DE SOUDAGE peuvent causer des blessures.
D Ne pas appuyer sur la gâchette avant d’en avoir
reçu l’instruction.
D Ne pas diriger le pistolet vers soi, vers d’autres
personnes ou vers toute pièce mécanique en engageant le fil de soudage.
Revenez à la table des matières
LES CHAMPS MAGNÉTIQUES peuvent
affecter les stimulateurs cardiaques.
D Porteurs de stimulateur cardiaque, restez à distance.
D Les porteurs d’un stimulateur cardiaque doivent
d’abord consulter leur médecin avant de s’approcher des opérations de soudage à l’arc, de gougeage ou de soudage par points.
OM-360 Page 7
2-4. Principales normes de sécurité
Safety in Welding, Cutting, and Allied Processes, norme ANSI Z49.1,
de l’American Welding Society, 550 N.W. LeJeune Rd, Miami FL 33126
(téléphone : (305) 443−9353, site Web : www.aws.org).
Rexdale, Rexdale (Ontario) Canada M9W 1R3 (téléphone : (800)
463−6727 ou à Toronto : (416) 747−4044, site Web : www.csa−international.org).
Recommended Safe Practices for the Preparation for Welding and Cutting of Containers and Piping, norme American Welding Society AWS
F4.1, de l’American Welding Society, 550 N.W. LeJeune Rd, Miami, FL
33126 (téléphone : (305) 443−9353, site Web : www.aws.org).
Practice For Occupational And Educational Eye And Face Protection,
norme ANSI Z87.1, de l’American National Standards Institute, 11 West
42nd Street, New York, NY 10036−8002 (téléphone : (212) 642−4900,
site Web : www.ansi.org).
National Electrical Code, norme NFPA 70, de la National Fire Protection
Association, P.O. Box 9101, 1 Battery March Park, Quincy, MA
02269−9101 (téléphone : (617) 770−3000, sites Web : www.nfpa.org et
www.sparky.org).
Standard for Fire Prevention During Welding, Cutting, and Other Hot
Work, norme NFPA 51B, de la National Fire Protection Association,
P.O. Box 9101, 1 Battery March Park, Quincy, MA 02269−9101 (téléphone : (617) 770−3000, site Web : www.nfpa.org et www.sparky.org).
Safe Handling of Compressed Gases in Cylinders, brochure CGA P−1,
de la Compressed Gas Association, 1735 Jefferson Davis Highway,
Suite 1004, Arlington, VA 22202−4102 (téléphone : (703) 412−0900,
site Web : www.cganet.com).
Code for Safety in Welding and Cutting, norme CSA W117.2, de la Canadian Standards Association, Standards Sales, 178 boulevard
OSHA, Occupational Safety and Health Standards for General Industry, Title 29, Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), Part 1910, Subpart Q,
and Part 1926, Subpart J, de l’U.S. Government Printing Office, Superintendent of Documents, P.O. Box 371954, Pittsburgh, PA 15250 (il y a
10 bureaux régionaux − Téléphone pour la Région 5, Chicago : (312)
353−2220, site Web : www.osha.gov).
2-5. Information sur les champs électromagnétiques
Données sur le soudage électrique et les effets des champs magnétiques basse fréquence sur l’organisme
En parcourant les câbles de soudage, le courant crée des champs électromagnétiques. Les effets potentiels de tels champs restent
préoccupants. Cependant, après avoir examiné plus de 500 études qui
ont été faites pendant une période de recherche de 17 ans, un comité
de spécialistes du National Research Council a conclu : « L’accumulation de preuves n’a pas démontré que l’exposition aux champs
magnétiques et aux champs électriques à haute fréquence constitue un
risque pour la santé humaine ». Toutefois, les études et l’examen des
preuves se poursuivent. En attendant les conclusions finales de la recherche, il serait souhaitable de réduire l’exposition aux champs
électromagnétiques pendant le soudage ou le coupage.
OM-360 Page 8
Afin de réduire les champs électromagnétiques en milieu de travail, respecter les consignes suivantes :
1. Garder les câbles ensemble en les torsadant ou en les fixant avec du
ruban adhésif.
2. Mettre tous les câbles du côté opposé à l’opérateur.
3. Ne pas s’enrouler les câbles autour du corps.
4. Garder le poste de soudage et les câbles le plus loin possible de soi.
5. Placer la pince de masse le plus près possible de la zone de soudage.
Consignes relatives aux stimulateurs cardiaques :
Les personnes qui portent un stimulateur cardiaque doivent avant tout
consulter leur médecin. Si ce dernier les déclare aptes, il leur est recommandé de respecter les consignes ci-dessus.
Revenez à la table des matières
SECTION 3 − INSTALLATION
3-1. Included with Your Unit
1
2
3
7
4
5
6
5
6
7
4
12 ft (3.7 m) Work Cable
With Clamp And
Quick-Connect
DB1712RDI 150 Amp TIG
Torch with 12 ft (3.7 m)
Cable
Electrode Holder and
Quick-Connect
Gas Hose
Gas Regulator
RFCS-14 Foot Control with
20 ft (6 m) Cable
8 ft (2.4 m) Primary Cord
Without Plug
. Some assembly is required.
For options and accessories see
back of book or contact your distributor.
2
1
3
803 253
3-2. Selecting A Location
1
2
Lifting Eye
Lifting Forks
Use lifting eye or lifting forks to
move unit.
Movement
If using lifting forks, extend forks
beyond opposite side of unit.
1
3
Rating Label
Use rating label to determine input
power needs.
OR
2
Location And Airflow
Line Disconnect Device
Locate unit near correct input power supply.
Position unit so air can circulate.
4
For information about sources of
high-frequency see Section 7.
For carts and caster kits see back
of book or contact your distributor.
18 in
(460 mm)
18 in (460
mm)
3
18 in (460
mm)
4
Y Special installation may be
required where gasoline or
volatile liquids are present −
see NEC Article 511 or CEC
Section 20.
18 in (460
mm)
Return To Table Of Contents
OM-360 Page 9
3-3. Dimensions And Weights
Dimensions
Height
30 in (762 mm)
Width
16 in (406 mm)
Length
22-1/8 in (562 mm)
A
18 in (457 mm)
B
3/4 in (19 mm)
C
1 in (25 mm)
D
15-3/4 (400 mm)
E
4-Holes 1/2 Dia (13 mm)
A
E
B
C
Weight
D
803 256
Front
224 lbs (102 kg)
3-4. Specifications
Rated Output at 40%
Duty Cycle
Mode
Rated Input,
60 HZ, Single-Phase
KVA
KW
Welding Amperage
Range
Max. Open-Circuit
Voltage
DC TIG
150 Amps at 16 Volts
230 V−45 A - (2)*
10.2 - (0.50)*
4.3 - (0.3)*
10−180
80
DC Stick
150 Amps at 26 Volts
230 V−47 A - (2)*
10.8 - (0.50)*
5.8 - (0.3)*
10−180
80
AC TIG
150 Amps at 16 Volts
230 V−54 A - (2)*
12.3 - (0.50)*
4.5 - (0.3)*
10−180
80
AC Stick
150 Amps at 26 Volts
230 V−54 A - (2)*
12.4 - (0.50)*
6 - (0.3)*
10−180
80
* () While idling.
3-5. Duty Cycle Chart
Duty cycle is percentage of 10
minutes that unit can weld at rated
load without overheating.
Y Exceeding duty cycle can
damage unit and void
warranty.
40% Duty Cycle at 150 A AC/DC
4 Minutes Welding
6 Minutes Resting
ST-188 276-A
OM-360 Page 10
Return To Table Of Contents
3-6. Volt-Ampere Curves
Volt-ampere curves show minimum
and maximum voltage and amperage output capabilities of welding
power source. Curves of other settings fall between curves shown.
AC V/A Curve
DC V/A CURVE
80
70
70
60
60
AC TIG Max (Max Pen)
AC TIG Min (Balanced)
40
30
40
DC Stick Max
(Max Arc Control)
30
20
AC Stick Max
(Max DIG)
AC Stick Min
(Max DIG)
10
0
50
VOLTS
Volts
50
AC Stick Min
(Min DIG)
0
50
100
150
200
250
300
DC Stick Min
(Max Arc Control)
20
DC TIG Max
10
0
DC TIG Min
0
50
100
150
200
Amps
250
300
350
400
450
AMPS
ssb1.1 10/91 − ST-188 277 / ST-188 278
3-7. Weld Output Terminals And Selecting Cable Sizes
Y ARC WELDING can cause Electromagnetic Interference.
To reduce possible interference, keep weld cables as short as possible, close together, and down low, such as on the floor.
Locate welding operation 100 meters from any sensitive electronic equipment. Be sure this welding machine is installed
and grounded according to this manual. If interference still occurs, the user must take extra measures such as moving
the welding machine, using shielded cables, using line filters, or shielding the work area.
Total Cable (Copper) Length In Weld Circuit Not Exceeding
100 ft (30 m) Or Less
150 ft
(45 m)
200 ft
(60 m)
250 ft
(70 m)
300 ft
(90 m)
350 ft
(105 m)
400 ft
(120 m)
Weld Output
Terminals
Y Turn off power before
connecting to weld output terminals.
Welding
Amperes
10 − 60%
Duty
Cycle
60 − 100%
Duty
Cycle
100
4
4
4
3
2
1
1/0
1/0
150
3
3
2
1
1/0
2/0
3/0
3/0
200
3
2
1
1/0
2/0
3/0
4/0
4/0
250
2
1
1/0
2/0
3/0
4/0
2-2/0
2-2/0
Y Do not use worn, damaged, undersized, or
poorly spliced cables.
Work
Electrode
803 255
10 − 100% Duty Cycle
Weld cable size (AWG) is based on either a 4 volts or less drop or a current density of at least 300 circular mils per ampere.
Return To Table Of Contents
S-0007-D
OM-360 Page 11
3-8. Remote 14 Receptacle
Socket*
A
B
K
J
I
Socket Information
A
24 volts DC.
B
Contact closure to A completes 24 volts DC contactor control
circuit.
C
Command reference; 0 to +10 volts DC output to remote control.
D
Remote control circuit common.
E
0 to +10 volts DC input command signal from remote control.
K
Chassis common.
A
H
C L N
M
D
G
E F
*The remaining sockets are not used.
3-9. Shielding Gas Connections
Y Turn Off power before connecting to receptacle.
1
4
Gas Valve In Fitting
Fitting has
threads.
Tools Needed:
3
5
5/8, 1-1/8 in
5/8-18
right-hand
Located on rear of unit.
2
Gas Valve Out Fitting
Gas connection is integrated into
the Electrode weld output terminal
by means of a flow-through type
connector.
3
Cylinder Valve
Open valve slightly so gas flow
blows dirt from valve. Close valve.
4
Regulator/Flow Gauge
Connect regulator/flow gauge to
gas cylinder.
Connect gas hose to gas in fitting.
5
1
Flow Adjust
Typical flow rate is 20 cfh (cubic feet
per hour).
2
803 255 / Ref. 157 858
OM-360 Page 12
Return To Table Of Contents
3-10. Typical TIG Connections
Y Turn off power before making connections.
6
1
Remote Foot Control
A customer supplied remote fingertip control may also be used.
7
2
3
5
Torch
Work Clamp
Connect remote control, torch, and
work clamp to receptacles as
shown.
4
Cylinder
Chain or secure cylinder to running
gear, wall, or other stationary
support.
5
Cylinder Valve
Open valve slightly so gas flow
blows dirt from valve. Close valve.
Tools Needed:
5/8, 1-1/8 in
6
4
Regulator/Flow Gauge
Install so face is vertical.
7
Flow Adjust
Typical flow rate is 20 cfh (cubic feet
per hour) (9.4 L/min).
NOTE: After activating remote control, 0.2 seconds of gas preflow will
begin.
Application:
Preflow is used to purge the immediate weld area of atmosphere.
Preflow also aids in consistent arc
starting. Preflow is preset and is not
adjustable.
Application:
Postflow is required to cool tungsten and weld, and to prevent contamination of tungsten and weld. Increase postflow time if tungsten or
weld are dark in appearance (see
Section 4-4).
3
1
2
Return To Table Of Contents
OM-360 Page 13
3-11. Typical Stick Connections
Y Turn off power before making connections.
1
2
Electrode Holder
Work Clamp
Connect electrode holder and work
clamp to receptacles as shown.
2
1
OM-360 Page 14
Return To Table Of Contents
3-12. Electrical Service Guide
NOTE
All values calculated at 40% duty cycle.
60 Hz Single Phase
Input Voltage
230
Input Amperes At Rated Output
54
Max Recommended Standard Fuse or circuit breaker Rating In Amperes 1
Time-Delay 2
60
Normal Operating 3
80
Min Input Conductor Size In AWG/Kcmil
8
Max Recommended Input Conductor Length In Feet (Meters)
147 (45)
Min Grounding Conductor Size In AWG/Kcmil
8
Reference: 1999 National Electrical Code (NEC)
1 Choose a circuit breaker with time current curves comparable to a time-delay fuse.
2 “Time-Delay” fuses are UL class “RK5” .
3 “Normal Operating” (general purpose - no intentional delay) fuses are UL class “K5” (up to and including 60 amp), and UL class “H” ( 65 amp and
above).
3-13. Connecting Input Power
Y Disconnect and lockout/tagout input power before connecting input conductors
from unit.
Tools Needed:
Y Have only qualified persons
make this installation.
GND/PE
Y Special installation may be
required where gasoline or
volatile liquids are present −
see NEC Article 511 or CEC
Section 20.
Units come equipped with input
power cord for installation into line
disconnect device. Select type and
size overcurrent protection using
Section 3-12.
GND/PE
Connect green or green/yellow L1
grounding conductor first.
L2
Install conductors into a deenergized
line disconnect device.
803 254
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OM-360 Page 15
SECTION 4 − OPERATION
4-1. Controls
5
6
2
4
3
7
208 414
1
1 Output Selector Switch
Y Do not use AC output in damp areas, if
movement is confined, or if there is
danger of falling. Use AC output ONLY
if required for the welding process, and
then use a remote control.
Y Do not change position of switch while
welding or while under load.
Use switch to select Direct Current Electrode
Negative (DCEN), AC, or Direct Current Electrode Positive (DCEP) output without changing
weld output cable connections.
2 Amperage Adjust Control
For Stick (SMAW), use control to adjust
amperage (see Section 4-2).
For remote amperage control used when TIG
(GTAW) welding, front panel Amperage control
setting is the maximum amperage available at
the remote control device.
See Section 4-3 for example of remote amperage control.
OM-360 Page 16
3
Weld Process Button
4
Balance/DIG Control
Press button to select weld process.
See Section 4-7.
In Stick position, weld output goes On and Off
with Power switch.
5
In GTAW (TIG) position, remote control device
turns on and adjusts weld output of unit as limited by Amperage control. For Direct Current
Electrode Negative (DCEN), built-in arc starter
comes on when needed to start or stabilize
welding arc. For AC welding, the arc starter will
turn on and stay on to start and stabilize the
welding arc. No adjustments needed for arc
starter.
The blue On LED indicates when weld output
is on.
Return To Table Of Contents
Voltmeter
Voltmeter displays average voltage (to the
nearest 0.1 V) at the weld output terminals.
6
Ammeter
Use meter to preset amperage. Meter displays
average weld amperage output of unit to nearest ampere when welding.
NOTE: Meters are self-calibrating. No adjustment available.
7
Power Switch
Use switch to turn unit and fan On and Off.
4-2. Example of Front Panel Amperage Control For Stick (SMAW) Welding
Select amperage.
Select weld process.
Select polarity.
4-3. Example of Remote Amperage Control For TIG (GTAW) Welding
Select weld process.
Select max amperage
Select polarity.
or
Connect remote control (see Section 3-10).
In Example:
For remote amperage control, front panel amperage control setting is the
maximum amperage available. Full range is 10−180 amps DC, but if front
panel amperage control is set at 130 amps, the range of remote amperage
control is 10 to 130 amps DC. NOTE: Remote amperage control is active
whenever a remote control is connected. If the remote device does not
include a means of controlling amperage through pin E (see Section 3-8),
the Amperage Adjustment control on the front panel remains active.
Return To Table Of Contents
OM-360 Page 17
4-4. Postflow Control
2
3
1
To access postflow control, proceed as follows:
1 Output Selector Switch
Place switch in the Electrode Positive position.
2 Weld Process Switch
3 Power Switch
Press and hold Weld Process button while
turning on the power. Hold button for
approximately 7 seconds (or until software
OM-360 Page 18
version number clears meters).
The factory default setting is 12 seconds. To
change the postflow time (5−18 seconds),
press and release the weld process button
until desired time is displayed on the meters. Press torch trigger or turn Off power to
save setting.
Use Postflow to set length of time gas flows
after welding stops. It is important to set
enough time to allow gas to flow until after
the tungsten and weld puddle has cooled
Return To Table Of Contents
down. Postflow time does not change if output is changed from DC to AC, or from AC
to DC.
Application:
Postflow is required to cool tungsten and
weld, and to prevent contamination of tungsten and weld. Increase postflow time if
tungsten or weld are dark in appearance
(approximately 1 second per 10 ampere of
welding current).
4-5. Selecting TIG Starting Characteristics
4
2
EN
-2-
3
1
Use this function to select desired TIG starting characteristics.
1 Output Selector Switch
2 Weld Process Button
3 Power Switch
4 Meters
To select or change TIG starting characteristics, proceed as follows: turn Off power.
Place Output Selector switch in desired
position (each position, DCEN or AC has
three applicable start characteristics op-
tions). Push and hold Weld Process button
and turn On power. Hold button for approximately 7 seconds (or until software version
number clears meters).
The meters will display [AC] [−2−] or [E−] [2], depending on position of Output Selector
switch
Press Weld Process button again to step
through the three start characteristics
choices. Amperage (bottom) meter displays active choice 1= light start, 2=medium/
normal start, 3=high/hot start.
Return To Table Of Contents
Press torch trigger or turn Off power to save
setting.
Application:
Select 1 (light/soft start) − when welding at
low amperages on thin gauge material.
Select 2 (medium/normal start) − factory default setting used for most welding applications.
Select 3 (high/hot start) − when welding at
high amperages on thick materials with a
large diameter tungsten.
OM-360 Page 19
4-6. Timer/Cycle Counter
1 2 3
2
4
4 5 6
1 2 3
5
3
4 5 6
1
1
Output Selector Switch
2
Weld Process Switch
Electrode Negative (−) position. Then
turn power on.
3
Power Switch
4
To read timer/cycle counter, place Output
Selector switch between the AC and
OM-360 Page 20
Timer Display
The hours and minutes are displayed on
the volt and amp meters for the first five
Return To Table Of Contents
seconds, and are read as 1, 234 hours
and 56 minutes.
5 Cycle Display
The cycles are displayed on the volt and
amp meters for the next five seconds,
and are read as 123, 456 cycles.
4-7. Balance/DIG Control
1
Balance/DIG Control
Balance Control (AC GTAW):
Control changes the AC output
square wave. Rotating the control
towards 10 provides deeper penetration. Rotating the control towards
0 provides more cleaning action of
the workpiece.
1
When the control is in the Balanced
position, the wave shape provides
equal penetration and cleaning
action.
Application:
Balance Control Examples
Setting
Output Waveforms
Balanced
50% Electrode
Positive
Set control to 7 and adjust as necessary. Joint configuration, set-up,
process variables, and oxide thickness may affect setting.
50% Electrode
Negative
0
More Penetration
10
Arc
When welding on oxide forming materials such as aluminum or magnesium, excess cleaning is not necessary. To produce a good weld, only
a minimal amount, approximately a
0.10 in (2.5mm) of etched zone
along the weld toes is required.
NOTE: Arc rectification can occur
when welding at high amperage
and/or while welding with helium
gas. If this condition occurs, increasing the Balance control towards maximum penetration, may
help to restabilize the arc.
40% Electrode
Positive
60% Electrode
Negative
DIG Control (AC And DC SMAW):
When set at 0, short-circuit amperage at low arc voltage is the same
as normal welding amperage.
When setting is increased, shortcircuit amperage at low arc voltage
increases.
Application:
Control helps arc starting or making
vertical or overhead welds by increasing amperage at low arc voltage, and reduces electrode sticking
while welding.
Ref. S-0795-A
Return To Table Of Contents
OM-360 Page 21
SECTION 5 − MAINTENANCE AND TROUBLESHOOTING
5-1. Routine Maintenance
Y Disconnect power before maintaining.
. Maintain more often during severe conditions.
3 Months
Replace unreadable labels.
Clean and tighten weld terminals.
Repair or replace cracked weld
cable.
Repair or replace cracked gas
hose.
Replace o-ring in Electrode/Gas
Output receptacle if cracked.
6 Months
Blow out or vacuum inside.
Or
5-2. Adjusting Spark Gaps
2
1
3
Tools Needed:
3
4
4
803 259
Y Disconnect and lockout/tagout input power before adjusting spark
gaps.
Remove left side panel.
1 Tungsten End Of Point
Replace point if tungsten end disappears;
do not clean or dress tungsten.
OM-360 Page 22
2 Spark Gap
Normal spark gap is 0.012 in (0.305 mm).
If adjustment is needed, proceed as follows:
3 Adjustment Screws
Loosen screws. Place gauge of proper
thickness in spark gap.
Return To Table Of Contents
4
Pressure Point
Apply slight pressure at point until gauge is
held firmly in gap. Tighten screws to 12 in/
lbs torque (overtightening will deform plastic base). Adjust other gap.
Reinstall left side panel.
5-3. Voltmeter/Ammeter Help Displays
. All directions are in reference to the front
of the unit. All circuitry referred to is located inside the unit. There are no user
serviceable parts inside unit.
0
Help 0 Display
An SCR overcurrent or undercurrent condition has occurred. Turn power off and back
on to correct condition. If problem continues,
contact a Factory Authorized Service Agent.
2
Help 5 Display
Help 6 Display
1
7
Help 8 Display
Not used.
9
Help 9 Display
Indicates a short in the thermal protection circuitry located on the rectifier assembly of the
unit. If this display is shown, contact a Factory Authorized Service Agent.
10 Help 10 Display
Indicates Remote Output control is activated. Release Remote Output control to
clear help message.
11 Help 11 Display
Indicates Output Selector switch is not in
correct position (see Section 4-1).
12 Help 12 Display
Not used.
Indicates a malfunction in the thermal
protection circuitry located on the transformer of the unit. If this display is shown, contact
a Factory Authorized Service Agent.
0
Help 4 Display
Indicates the rectifier assembly of the unit
has overheated. The unit has shut down to
allow the fan to cool it (see Section 3-5). Operation will continue when the unit has
cooled.
6
Help 2 Display
8
Indicates a malfunction in the thermal
protection circuitry located on the rectifier
assembly of the unit. If this display is shown,
contact a Factory Authorized Service Agent.
5
Help1 Display
Help 3 Display
Indicates the transformer of the unit has
overheated. The unit has shut down to allow
the fan to cool it (see Section 3-5). Operation
will continue when the unit has cooled.
4
Indicates a short in the thermal protection circuitry located on the transformer of the unit.
If this display is shown, contact a Factory Authorized Service Agent.
1
3
Indicates a non-allowable set-up on the front
panel.
Help 7 Display
13 Help 13 Display
Not used.
Not used.
2
3
4
V
V
V
V
V
HLP
HLP
HLP
HLP
HLP
A
A
A
A
A
−−0
−−1
−−2
−−3
−−4
5
6
7
8
9
V
V
V
V
V
HLP
HLP
HLP
HLP
HLP
A
A
A
A
A
−−5
−−6
−−7
−−8
−−9
10
11
12
13
V
V
V
V
HLP
HLP
HLP
HLP
A
A
A
A
−10
−11
−12
−13
Return To Table Of Contents
OM-360 Page 23
5-4. Troubleshooting
NOTE: The remedies listed below are recommendations only. If these remedies do not fix
the trouble with your unit, have a Factory Authorized Service Agent check unit.
There are no user serviceable parts inside unit.
Refer to Section 5-3 for any Help (HLP) message displayed on voltmeter/ammeter.
Trouble
No weld output; unit completely
inoperative.
Remedy
Place machine power switch in On position (see Section 4-1).
Place line disconnect switch in On position (see Section 3-13).
Check and replace line fuse(s), if necessary (see Section 3-13).
Check for proper input power connections (see Section 3-13).
No weld output; unit on.
Check, repair, or replace remote control.
Have Factory Authorized Service Agent check unit.
Unit provides only maximum or
minimum weld output.
Make sure Amperage control is in proper position (see Section 4-1).
Have Factory Authorized Service Agent check unit.
Erratic or improper weld output.
Use proper size and type of weld cable (see Section 3-7).
Clean and tighten all weld connections.
Check position of Output Selector control (see Section Figure 4-1).
If using remote control, check position of Amperage Adjustment control (see Section 4-1).
No control of weld output.
Make sure Amperage control is in proper position (see Section 4-1).
Lack of high frequency; difficulty in
starting GTAW arc.
Select proper size tungsten.
Be sure torch cable is not close to any grounded metal.
Check cables and torch for cracked insulation or bad connections. Repair or replace.
Check spark gaps (see Section 5-2).
Wandering arc − poor control of
direction of arc.
Reduce gas flow rate.
Select proper size tungsten.
Properly prepare tungsten.
Tungsten electrode oxidizing and not
remaining bright after conclusion of
weld.
Shield weld zone from drafts.
Increase postflow time.
Check and tighten all gas fittings.
Properly prepare tungsten.
Fan not operating.
Unit equipped with Fan-On-Demandt. Fans run only when necessary. Unit equipped with circuitry to
protect against overheating.
No weld output; fan does not run.
Place line disconnect switch in On position (see Section 3-13).
Check and replace line fuse(s), if necessary, or reset circuit breaker (see Section 3-13).
Check for proper input power connections (see Section 3-13).
No weld output; fan on.
Be sure Polarity switch is not set between positions.
Tighten remote control connection to Remote 14 receptacle (see Section 3-8).
Check remote control (see remote control Owner’s Manual).
Unit overheated. Allow unit to cool (see Section 3-5).
Fan not operating; weld output
available.
Check for and remove anything blocking fan movement.
Have Factory Authorized Service Agent check fan motor.
OM-360 Page 24
Return To Table Of Contents
SECTION 6 − ELECTRICAL DIAGRAM
207 214-B
Figure 6-1. Circuit Diagram All Models
Return To Table Of Contents
OM-360 Page 25
SECTION 7 − HIGH FREQUENCY (HF)
7-1. Welding Processes Requiring High Frequency
1
High-Frequency Voltage
TIG − helps arc jump air gap
between torch and workpiece and/
or stabilize the arc.
1
Work
TIG
high_freq 12/96 − S-0693
7-2. Sources Of HF Radiation From Incorrect Installation
Weld Zone
11, 12
50 ft
(15 m)
10
14
9
8
7
3
2
13
1
4
5
6
S-0694
Sources Of Direct HF Radiation
1
HF source (welding power source with
built-in HF or separate HF unit)
2
Weld Cables
3
Torch
4
Work Clamp
OM-360 Page 26
5
6
Workpiece
Work Table
Sources Of Conduction Of HF
7
8
9
Input Power Cable
Line Disconnect Device
Input Supply Wiring
Return To Table Of Contents
Sources Of Reradiation Of HF
10
11
12
13
14
Ungrounded Metal Objects
Lighting
Wiring
Water Pipes And Fixtures
External Phone And Power Lines
7-3. Correct Installation
6
Weld Zone
50 ft
(15 m)
50 ft
(15 m)
4
1
5
2
7
3
7
Ground All
Metal Objects
And All Wiring
In Welding Zone
Using #12 AWG
Wire
Nonmetal
Building
Ground
Workpiece
If Required
By Codes
8
7
7
10
Metal Building
9
Ref. S-0695 / Ref. S-0695
1
HF Source (Welder With Built-In HF Or
Separate HF Unit)
Ground metal machine case, work output
terminal, line disconnect device, input
supply, and worktable.
Electrically join (bond) all conduit sections
using copper straps or braided wire. Ground
conduit every 50 ft (15 m).
5
Water Pipes And Fixtures
8
Metal Building Panel Bonding Methods
Bolt or weld building panels together, install
copper straps or braided wire across seams,
and ground frame.
Ground water pipes every 50 ft (15 m).
9
A circle 50 ft (15 m) from centerpoint
between HF source and welding torch in all
directions.
6
Cover all windows and doorways with
grounded copper screen of not more than
1/4 in (6.4 mm) mesh.
3
7
2
Welding Zone And Centerpoint
Weld Output Cables
Keep cables short and close together.
4
Conduit Joint Bonding And Grounding
External Power Or Telephone Lines
Locate HF source at least 50 ft (15 m) away
from power and phone lines.
Grounding Rod
Consult the National Electrical Code for
specifications.
Return To Table Of Contents
Windows And Doorways
10 Overhead Door Track
Ground the track.
OM-360 Page 27
SECTION 8 − SELECTING AND PREPARING TUNGSTEN
ELECTRODE FOR DC OR AC WELDING
ac/dc_gtaw 2/2000
Y Whenever possible and practical, use DC weld output instead of AC weld output.
8-1. Selecting Tungsten Electrode (Wear Clean gloves To Prevent Contamination Of Tungsten )
Amperage Range - Gas Type♦ - Polarity
Electrode Diameter
DC − Argon − Electrode
Negative/Straight Polarity
DC − Argon − Electrode Positive/Reverse Polarity
AC − Argon
AC − Argon −
.010”
Up to 25
*
Up to 20
Up to 15
.020”
15-40
*
15-35
5-20
Balanced Wave
2% Ceria (Orange Band), 1.5% Lanthanum (Gray Band), Or 2% Thorium
(Red Band) Alloy Tungstens
.040”
25-85
*
20-80
20-60
1/16”
50-160
10-20
50-150
60-120
3/32”
135-235
15-30
130-250
100-180
1/8”
250-400
25-40
225-360
160-250
5/32”
400-500
40-55
300-450
200-320
3/16”
500-750
55-80
400-500
290-390
1/4”
750-1000
80-125
600-800
340-525
.010”
Up to 15
*
Up to 15
Up to 10
.020”
5-20
*
5-20
10-20
.040”
15-80
*
10-60
20-30
1/16”
70-150
10-20
50-100
30-80
3/32”
125-225
15-30
100-160
60-130
1/8”
225-360
25-40
150-210
100-180
5/32”
360-450
40-55
200-275
160-240
3/16”
450-720
55-80
250-350
190-300
1/4”
720-950
80-125
325-450
250-400
.010”
*
*
Up to 20
Up to 15
.020”
*
*
15-35
5-20
.040”
*
*
20-80
20-60
1/16”
*
*
50-150
60-120
3/32”
*
*
130-250
100-180
1/8”
*
*
225-360
160-250
5/32”
*
*
300-450
200-320
3/16”
*
*
400-550
290-390
1/4”
*
*
600-800
340-525
Pure Tungsten
(Green Band)
Zirconium Alloyed Tungsten (Brown
Band)
♦Typical argon shielding gas flow rates are 15 to 35 cfh (cubic feet per hour).
*Not Recommended.
Figures listed are a guide and are a composite of recommendations from American Welding Society (AWS) and electrode manufacturers.
OM-360 Page 28
Return To Table Of Contents
8-2. Preparing Tungsten Electrode For Welding
Y Grinding the tungsten electrode produces dust and flying sparks which can cause injury and start fires. Use
local exhaust (forced ventilation) at the grinder or wear an approved respirator. Read MSDS for safety information. Consider using tungsten containing ceria, lanthana, or yttria instead of thoria. Grinding dust from
thoriated electrodes contains low-level radioactive material. Properly dispose of grinder dust in an environmentally safe way. Wear proper face, hand, and body protection. Keep flammables away.
A. Preparing Tungsten For DC Electrode Negative (DCEN) Welding Or AC Welding With Inverter Machines
1
1
2
2
Tungsten Electrode
Tapered End
Grind end of tungsten on fine grit,
hard abrasive wheel before welding. Do not use wheel for other jobs
or tungsten can become contaminated causing lower weld quality.
2-1/2 Times
Electrode Diameter
1
1
2
Stable Arc
Flat
2
Diameter of this flat determines
amperage capacity.
3
3
Grinding Wheel
Grinding wheel should be dedicated to grinding tungsten only.
4
4
Straight Ground
1
2
3
Arc Wander
Point
Grinding Wheel
Ideal Tungsten Preparation − Stable Arc
1
2
3
Grinding wheel should be dedicated to grinding tungsten only.
4
Radial Ground
1
2
Tungsten Electrode
Balled End
4
Wrong Tungsten Preparation − Wandering Arc
B. Preparing Tungsten For Conventional AC Welding
Y Understand and
follow
safety symbols at start of
Section 9-1 before preparing
tungsten.
1
1 − 1-1/2 Times
Electrode Diameter
Ball end of tungsten by applying AC
amperage recommended for a given electrode diameter (see Section
8-1). Let ball on end of the tungsten
take its own shape.
2
Return To Table Of Contents
OM-360 Page 29
SECTION 9 − GUIDELINES FOR TIG WELDING (GTAW)
9-1. Positioning The Torch
Y Weld current can damage
electronic parts in vehicles.
Disconnect both battery
cables before welding on a
vehicle. Place work clamp as
close to the weld as possible.
. For additional information, see
3
your distributor for a handbook
on the Gas Tungsten Arc Welding (GTAW) process.
2
1
Workpiece
Make sure workpiece is clean
before welding.
4
2
Work Clamp
Place as close to the weld as
possible.
90°
3
4
5
6
1
Torch
Filler Rod (If Applicable)
Gas Cup
Tungsten Electrode
Select and prepare tungsten
according to Sections 8-1 and 8-2.
Guidelines:
10−15°
The inside diameter of the gas cup
should be at least three times the
tungsten diameter to provide adequate shielding gas coverage. (For
example, if tungsten is 1/16 in
diameter, gas cup should be a
minimum of 3/16 in diameter.
4
5
6
10−25°
Tungsten extension is the distance
the tungsten extends out gas cup of
torch.
5
The tungsten extension should be
no greater than the inside diameter
of the gas cup.
6
Arc length is the distance from the
tungsten to the workpiece.
1/16 in
3/16 in
Bottom View Of Gas Cup
Ref. ST-161 892
OM-360 Page 30
Return To Table Of Contents
9-2. Torch Movement During Welding
Tungsten Without Filler Rod
75°
Welding direction
Form pool
Tilt torch
Move torch to front
of pool. Repeat process.
Tungsten With Filler Rod
75°
Welding direction
Form pool
Tilt torch
Remove rod
15°
Add filler metal
Move torch to front
of pool. Repeat process.
ST-162 002-B
Return To Table Of Contents
OM-360 Page 31
9-3. Positioning Torch Tungsten For Various Weld Joints
90°
Butt Weld And Stringer Bead
70°
20°
20°
“T” Joint
75°
10°
15°
20-40°
Lap Joint
75°
15°
30°
90°
Corner Joint
75°
15°
ST-162 003 / S-0792
OM-360 Page 32
Return To Table Of Contents
SECTION 10 − STICK WELDING (SMAW) GUIDELINES
10-1. Stick Welding Procedure
Y Weld current starts when
electrode touches workpiece.
Y Weld current can damage
electronic parts in vehicles.
Disconnect both battery
cables before welding on a
vehicle. Place work clamp as
close to the weld as possible.
1
5
2
3
4
2
Work Clamp
Electrode
A small diameter electrode requires
less current than a large one. Follow electrode manufacturer’s
instructions when setting weld amperage (see Section 10-2).
3
6
1
Workpiece
Make sure workpiece is clean before welding.
7
4
5
6
Insulated Electrode Holder
Electrode Holder Position
Arc Length
Arc length is the distance from the
electrode to the workpiece. A short
arc with correct amperage will give
a sharp, crackling sound.
7
Slag
Use a chipping hammer and wire
brush to remove slag. Remove slag
and check weld bead before making another weld pass.
Tools Needed:
stick 12/96 − ST-151 593
Return To Table Of Contents
OM-360 Page 33
7014
7018
7024
Ni-Cl
308L
ALL
DEEP
EP
ALL
DEEP
6013
EP,EN
ALL
LOW
GENERAL
7014
EP,EN
ALL
MED
7018
EP
ALL
LOW
SMOOTH, EASY,
FAST
LOW HYDROGEN,
STRONG
7024
EP,EN
NI-CL
EP
FLAT
HORIZ
FILLET
ALL
308L
EP
ALL
USAGE
PENETRATION
EP
6011
AC
3/32
1/8
5/32
3/16
7/32
1/4
1/16
5/64
3/32
1/8
5/32
3/16
7/32
1/4
3/32
1/8
5/32
3/16
7/32
1/4
3/32
1/8
5/32
3/16
7/32
1/4
3/32
1/8
5/32
3/16
7/32
1/4
3/32
1/8
5/32
3/16
3/32
1/8
5/32
DC*
450
400
350
300
AMPERAGE
RANGE
250
200
150
POSITION
6013
6010
ELECTRODE
6010
&
6011
100
50
DIAMETER
ELECTRODE
10-2. Electrode and Amperage Selection Chart
MIN. PREP, ROUGH
HIGH SPATTER
LOW
SMOOTH, EASY,
FASTER
LOW
CAST IRON
LOW
STAINLESS
*EP = ELECTRODE POSITIVE (REVERSE POLARITY)
EN = ELECTRODE NEGATIVE (STRAIGHT POLARITY)
Ref. S-087 985-A
10-3. Striking an Arc − Scratch Start Technique
1
1
2
3
Electrode
Workpiece
Arc
Drag electrode across workpiece
like striking a match; lift electrode
slightly after touching work. If arc
goes out electrode was lifted to
high. If electrode sticks to workpiece, use a quick twist to free it.
2
3
S-0049
10-4. Striking an Arc − Tapping Technique
1
1
2
3
2
Electrode
Workpiece
Arc
Bring electrode straight down to
workpiece; then lift slightly to start
arc. If arc goes out, electrode was
lifted too high. If electrode sticks to
workpiece, use a quick twist to free it.
3
S-0050
OM-360 Page 34
Return To Table Of Contents
10-5. Positioning Electrode Holder
10°-30°
90°
90°
End View of Work Angle
Side View of Electrode Angle
GROOVE WELDS
10°-30°
45°
45°
End View of Work Angle
Side View of Electrode Angle
FILLET WELDS
S-0060
10-6. Poor Weld Bead Characteristics
1
2
3
4
5
Large Spatter Deposits
Rough, Uneven Bead
Slight Crater During Welding
Bad Overlap
Poor Penetration
1
2
4
3
5
S-0053-A
10-7. Good Weld Bead Characteristics
1
2
3
Fine Spatter
Uniform Bead
Moderate Crater During
Welding
Weld a new bead or layer for each
1/8 in. (3.2 mm) thickness in metals
being welded.
4
5
1
2
3
4
No Overlap
Good Penetration into Base
Metal
5
S-0052-B
Return To Table Of Contents
OM-360 Page 35
10-8. Conditions That Affect Weld Bead Shape
NOTE
Weld bead shape is affected by electrode angle, arc length, travel speed, and
thickness of base metal.
Angle Too Small
Correct Angle
10° - 30°
Angle Too Large
Drag
ELECTRODE ANGLE
Spatter
Normal
Too Short
Too Long
ARC LENGTH
Normal
Slow
Fast
TRAVEL SPEED
S-0061
10-9. Electrode Movement During Welding
NOTE
Normally, a single stringer bead is satisfactory for most narrow groove weld joints;
however, for wide groove weld joints or bridging across gaps, a weave bead or
multiple stringer beads work better.
1
2
1
2
3
Stringer Bead − Steady
Movement Along Seam
Weave Bead − Side to Side
Movement Along Seam
Weave Patterns
Use weave patterns to cover a wide
area in one pass of the electrode.
Do not let weave width exceed
2-1/2 times diameter of electrode.
3
S-0054-A
OM-360 Page 36
Return To Table Of Contents
10-10. Butt Joints
1
1
2
Tack Welds
Prevent edges of joint from drawing
together ahead of electrode by tack
welding the materials in position before final weld.
2
Square Groove Weld
Good for materials up to 3/16 in (5
mm) thick.
3
1/16 in
(1.6 mm)
30°
Single V-Groove Weld
Good for materials 3/16 − 3/4 in
(5-19 mm) thick. Cut bevel with oxyacetylene or plasma cutting equipment. Remove scale from material
after cutting. A grinder can also be
used to prepare bevels.
4
3
Create 30 degree angle of bevel on
materials in V-groove welding.
4
Double V-Groove Weld
Good for materials thicker than 3/16
in (5 mm).
S-0662
10-11. Lap Joint
30°
Or Less
30°
Or Less
1
1
1
2
Move electrode in circular motion.
3
Single-Layer Fillet Weld
Multi-Layer Fillet Weld
Weld a second layer when a heavier fillet is needed. Remove slag before making another weld pass.
Weld both sides of joint for maximum strength.
3
2
Electrode
Single-Layer Fillet Weld
Multi-Layer Fillet Weld
S-0063 / S-0064
10-12. Tee Joint
1
2
Keep arc short and move at definite
rate of speed. Hold electrode as
shown to provide fusion into the
corner. Square edge of the weld
surface.
1
2
45°
Or Less
Electrode
Fillet Weld
For maximum strength weld both
sides of upright section.
2
3
Multi-Layer Deposits
Weld a second layer when a heavier fillet is needed. Use any of the
weaving patterns shown in Section
10-9. Remove slag before making
another weld pass.
1
3
S-0060 / S-0058-A / S-0061
Return To Table Of Contents
OM-360 Page 37
10-13. Weld Test
1
2
3
3
Strike weld joint in direction shown.
A good weld bends over but does
not break.
3
2 To 3 in
(51-76 mm)
1/4 in
(6.4 mm)
Vise
Weld Joint
Hammer
2 To 3 in
(51-76 mm)
2
2
1
1
S-0057-B
10-14. Troubleshooting − Porosity
Porosity − small cavities or holes resulting from gas
pockets in weld metal.
Possible Causes
Corrective Actions
Arc length too long.
Reduce arc length.
Damp electrode.
Use dry electrode.
Workpiece dirty.
Remove all grease, oil, moisture, rust, paint, coatings, slag, and dirt from work surface before
welding.
10-15. Troubleshooting − Excessive Spatter
Excessive Spatter − scattering of molten metal particles
that cool to solid form near weld bead.
Possible Causes
Corrective Actions
Amperage too high for electrode.
Decrease amperage or select larger electrode.
Arc length too long or voltage too high.
Reduce arc length or voltage.
OM-360 Page 38
Return To Table Of Contents
10-16. Troubleshooting − Incomplete Fusion
Incomplete Fusion − failure of weld metal to fuse completely with
base metal or a preceeding weld bead.
Possible Causes
Corrective Actions
Insufficient heat input.
Increase amperage. Select larger electrode and increase amperage.
Improper welding technique.
Place stringer bead in proper location(s) at joint during welding.
Adjust work angle or widen groove to access bottom during welding.
Momentarily hold arc on groove side walls when using weaving technique.
Keep arc on leading edge of weld puddle.
Workpiece dirty.
Remove all grease, oil, moisture, rust, paint, coatings, slag, and dirt from work surface before
welding.
10-17. Troubleshooting − Lack Of Penetration
Lack Of Penetration − shallow fusion between weld metal and
base metal.
Lack of Penetration
Good Penetration
Possible Causes
Corrective Actions
Improper joint preparation.
Material too thick. Joint preparation and design must provide access to bottom of groove.
Improper weld technique.
Keep arc on leading edge of weld puddle.
Insufficient heat input.
Increase amperage. Select larger electrode and increase amperage.
Reduce travel speed.
10-18. Troubleshooting − Excessive Penetration
Excessive Penetration − weld metal melting through base metal and
hanging underneath weld.
Excessive Penetration
Possible Causes
Excessive heat input.
Good Penetration
Corrective Actions
Select lower amperage. Use smaller electrode.
Increase and/or maintain steady travel speed.
Return To Table Of Contents
OM-360 Page 39
10-19. Troubleshooting − Burn-Through
Burn-Through − weld metal melting completely through base metal resulting
in holes where no metal remains.
Possible Causes
Excessive heat input.
Corrective Actions
Select lower amperage. Use smaller electrode.
Increase and/or maintain steady travel speed.
10-20. Troubleshooting − Waviness Of Bead
Waviness Of Bead − weld metal that is not parallel and does not cover
joint formed by base metal.
Possible Causes
Unsteady hand.
Corrective Actions
Use two hands. Practice technique.
10-21. Troubleshooting − Distortion
Distortion − contraction of weld metal during welding that forces base
metal to move.
Base metal moves
in the direction of
the weld bead.
Possible Causes
Excessive heat input.
Corrective Actions
Use restraint (clamp) to hold base metal in position.
Make tack welds along joint before starting welding operation.
Select lower amperage for electrode.
Increase travel speed.
Weld in small segments and allow cooling between welds.
OM-360 Page 40
Return To Table Of Contents
Notes
Work like a Pro!
Pros weld and cut
safely. Read the
safety rules at
the beginning
of this manual.
Return To Table Of Contents
OM-360 Page 41
SECTION 11 − PARTS LIST
. Hardware is common and
not available unless listed.
7
6
9
8
5
10
4
3
17
11
1
12
28
2
16
15
13
14
18
19
22
1
20
23
24
21
28
27
26
29
25
30
31
32
36
37
35
34
38
33
803 252-A
Figure 11-1. Main Assembly
OM-360 Page 42
Return To Table Of Contents
Item
No.
Dia.
Mkgs.
Part
No.
Description
Quantity
Figure 11-1. Main Assembly
. . . 1 . . . . . . . . . . 208412
. . . 2 . . . . . . . . . . 208435
. . . 3 . . . . . . . . . . 208874
. . . 4 . . . . . . . . . . 026627
. . . 5 . . . . . . . . . . 203990
. . . 6 . . . . . . . . . +208409
. . . 7 . . . . . . . . . . 201019
. . . 8 . . . . . . . . . . 204389
. . . 9 . . . . . . . . . . 200922
. . . 10 . . . . . . . . . . 200920
. . . 11 . . . . . . . . . . 208892
. . . 12 . . . . C1 . . 191944
. . . 13 . . . . R2 . . 189132
. . . 14 . . . . R1 . . 186468
. . . 15 . . . . . . . . . +208410
. . . 16 . . . . . . . . . . 604102
. . . 17 . . . . . . . . . . 190442
. . . 18 . . . . . . . . . . 185759
. . . 19 . . . . . . . . . . 137761
. . . 20 . . . GS . . 216607
. . . 21 . . . . . . . . . . 209328
. . . 22 . . . . . . . . . . 089120
. . . 23 . . . . . . . . . . 208294
. . . 24 . . . . . . . . . . 207560
. . . 25 . . . C14 . . 206878
. . . 26 . . T1,Z1 . . 211260
. . . . . . . . . TH1 . . 201 443
. . . 27 . . . . . . . . . . Fig.11-3
. . . 28 . . . . . . . . . . 194591
. . . 29 . . . . . . . . . . 208436
. . . 30 . . . . R8 . . . 211261
. . . 31 . . . . T4 . . 208890
. . . 32 . . . . G1 . . 199854
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 199855
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 199856
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 196455
. . . 33 . . . C18 . . 195552
. . . 34 . . . . C3 . . 096761
. . . 35 . . . . T3 . . 208045
. . . 36 . . . . . . . . . +208413
. . . 37 . . . . . . . . . . 192828
. . . 38 . . . . . . . . . . Fig.11-2
. . . . . . . . PLG1 . . 202119
. . . . . . . . PLG7 . . 202116
. . . . . . . . PLG8 . . 202117
. . . . . . . . PLG11 . . 202118
. . . . . PANEL,SIDE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . BAFFLE,FAN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . SUPPORT,LIFT EYE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . GASKET,LIFTING EYE COVER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . LABEL,WARNING GENERAL PRECAUTIONARY STATIC . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . COVER,TOP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . LABEL,WARNING ELECTRIC SHOCK EXCESS WEIGHT . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . HOLDER,TORCH/CABLE (CONSISTING OF) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . HOUSING, TORCH CABLE HOLDER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . DOOR, TORCH CABLE HOLDER, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . FAN,AC 230V BRUSHLESS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . CAPACITOR,POLYP MET FILM .10UF 250VAC 10% . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . RESISTOR ASSY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . RESISTOR,WW FXD 100 W 50 OHM W/CLIPS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . PANEL,REAR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . CONN,CLAMP CABLE 1.000 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . CORD SET,250V 8GA 3/C 10FT ST JKT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . LABEL,WARNING ELECTRIC SHOCK & INPUT POWER . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . NUT, 750NPT 1.31HEX .27H NYL BLK . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . VALVE, 24VDC 2WAY CUSTOM PORT 1/8 ORF W/FRICT . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . HOSE,NPRN BRD NO 1 X .250 ID X 19.500 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . CLAMP,HOSE .375 − .450 CLP DIA SLFTTNG GREEN . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . CONNECTOR,FASTON MALE 4−PRONG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . INSULATOR, STANDOFF W/STUD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . CAPACITOR ASSY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . TRANSFORMER/STABILIZER ASSEMBLY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . Thermistor, NTC 10k ohm @ 25 deg C 27.5 in lead . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . RECTIFIER ASSY, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . LABEL,MILLER 9.776 X 4.126 HORIZONTAL SYNCROWAV . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . HF BOX, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . RESISTOR,WW FXD 100 W 200 OHM W/CLIPS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . COIL,COUPLING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . SPARK GAP ASSY, (CONSISTING OF) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . BASE, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . HOLDER, POINTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . POINTS, SPARK GAP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . CAPACITOR,POLYP MET FILM 20. UF 250 VAC 10% . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . CAPACITOR,MICA .002UF 10,000V PNLMTG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . XFMR,HIGH VOLTAGE 115V PRI 3600V SEC 30 MA W/TERM . . . . . . .
. . . . . BASE, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . LABEL,WARNING ELECTRICAL SHOCK ETC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . FRONT PANEL, WITH COMPONENTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . CONNECTOR W/SOCKETS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . CONNECTOR W/SOCKETS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . CONNECTOR W/SOCKETS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . CONNECTOR W/SOCKETS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Return To Table Of Contents
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
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1
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4
4
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
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1
OM-360 Page 43
Item
No.
Dia.
Mkgs.
Part
No.
Description
Quantity
Figure 11-1. Main Assembly (Continued)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 207530
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 209282
. . . . . . . . . . . . DB1712RDI
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 188 860
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 192121
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 176840
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 198317
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 141162
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 134460
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 155552
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 206502
. . . . . ACCESSORY KIT, (CONSISITNG OF) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . RFCS-14, FOOT CONTROL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . TORCH, TIG 150A 12.5 FT CABLE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . WORK CABLE, W/CLAMP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . REGULATOR/FLOWMETER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . HOLDER, ELECTRODE W/CABLE & DINSE CONNECTOR . . . . . . . .
. . . . . HOSE, GAS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . HOUSING PLUG+PINS,(SERVICE KIT) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . CONN,TW LK INSUL MALE(DINSE TYPE)70 SERIES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . CONN,TW LK INSUL MALE(DINSE TYPE)W/GAS PASSAGE . . . . . . . .
. . . . . SERVICE KIT,SPARK GAP ASSY.(GROUND) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
+When ordering a component originally displaying a precautionary label, the label should also be ordered.
To maintain the factory original performance of your equipment, use only Manufacturer’s Suggested
Replacement Parts. Model and serial number required when ordering parts from your local distributor.
OM-360 Page 44
Return To Table Of Contents
. Hardware is common and
7
not available unless listed.
2
1
3
5
8
6
4
12
10
17
16
15
18
14
11
12
13
11
803 257-B
Figure 11-2. Panel, Front With Components
Item
No.
Dia.
Mkgs.
Part
No.
Description
Quantity
Figure 11-2. Panel, Front With Components (Fig 11-1 Item 38)
. . . 1 . . . . . . . . . . 208414
. . . 2 . . . C13 . . 209587
. . . 3 . . . . . . . . . . . 208411
. . . 4 . . . . . . . . . . 190512
. . . 5 . . . . . . . . . . 213996
. . . . . . . PLG7, 15 131054
. . . . . . . . PLG6 . . 115092
. . . . . . . . PLG4 . . 115093
. . . . . . . . PLG1 . 130203
. . . . . . . . PLG2 . 131052
. . . 6 . . . . S1 . . 128755
. . . 7 . . C5, 6 . . 111634
. . . 8 . . . . S5 . . 207236
. . . 10 . . . . . . . . . . . 211911
. . . 11 . . . . . . . . . . 185703
. . . 12 . . . . . . . . . . 186092
. . . 13 . . . . . . . . . . 175952
. . . 14 . . . . . . . . . . 169136
. . . 15 . . . . . . . . . . 174991
. . . 16 . . . . . . . . . . 195778
. . . 17 . . . . . . . . . . 183332
. . . 18 . . . . . . . . . . 210571
.....
.....
.....
.....
.....
.....
.....
.....
.....
.....
.....
.....
.....
.....
.....
.....
.....
.....
.....
.....
.....
.....
NAMEPLATE, (order by model and serial number) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
CAPACITOR ASSEMBLY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
PANEL,FRONT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Stand-Off, No 6-32 x .64 lg . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
CIRCUIT CARD ASSY,CONTROL & INTERFACE W/PROGRAM . . . . . .
CONNECTOR & SOCKETS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
CONNECTOR & SOCKETS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
CONNECTOR & SOCKETS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
CONNECTOR & SOCKETS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
CONNECTOR & SOCKETS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SWITCH,TGL DPST 40A 600VAC SCR TERM WIDE TGL . . . . . . . . . . . .
CAPACITOR ASSY, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SWITCH,POLARITY CHANGEOVER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
CONN, CIRC MS/CPC 14 SKT SIZE 20 RCPT W/FILTERING . . . . . . . . .
IRECEPTACLE, TWISTLOCK ASSEMBLY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
IRECEPTACLE KIT, DIN STYLE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
PLASTIC,HANDLE SWITCH . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
PIN, HANDLE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
KNOB,POINTER 1.250 DIA X .250 ID W/SPRING CLIP−.21 . . . . . . . . . .
ACTUATOR, PUSH BUTTON ASSEMBLY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
KNOB,POINTER .570 DIA X .125 ID W/SPRING CLIP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
NAMEPLATE, LOWER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1
1
1
5
1
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
+When ordering a component originally displaying a precautionary label, the label should also be ordered.
To maintain the factory original performance of your equipment, use only Manufacturer’s Suggested
Replacement Parts. Model and serial number required when ordering parts from your local distributor.
Return To Table Of Contents
OM-360 Page 45
. Hardware is common and
1
not available unless listed.
2
3
4
5
7
6
803 258
Figure 11-3. Rectifier Assembly
Item
No.
Dia.
Mkgs.
Part
No.
Description
208 887
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
..........
. MOD1,2
..........
..........
. C7,8,9,10
. . . HD1 . .
. . . TH2 . .
206984
208384
199962
207190
190460
191941
206327
Quantity
Figure 11-3. Rectifier Assembly (Fig 11-1 item 27)
.....
.....
.....
.....
.....
.....
.....
HEAT SINK,RECTIFIER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
THYRISTOR,SCR MODULE 136A 400V DUAL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
BUS BAR, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
BUS BAR,RECTIFIER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
CAPACITOR ASSY, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
TRANSDUCER,CURRENT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
THERMISTOR,NTC 30K OHM @ 25 DEG C 27IN LEAD . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1
2
1
1
2
1
1
To maintain the factory original performance of your equipment, use only Manufacturer’s Suggested
Replacement Parts. Model and serial number required when ordering parts from your local distributor.
OM-360 Page 46
Return To Table Of Contents
Effective January 1, 2002
(Equipment with a serial number preface of “LC” or newer)
This limited warranty supersedes all previous Miller warranties and is exclusive with no other
guarantees or warranties expressed or implied.
Warranty Questions?
Call
1-800-4-A-MILLER
for your local
Miller distributor.
Your distributor also gives
you ...
Service
You always get the fast,
reliable response you
need. Most replacement
parts can be in your
hands in 24 hours.
Support
Need fast answers to the
tough welding questions?
Contact your distributor.
The expertise of the
distributor and Miller is
there to help you, every
step of the way.
LIMITED WARRANTY − Subject to the terms and conditions
below, Miller Electric Mfg. Co., Appleton, Wisconsin, warrants
to its original retail purchaser that new Miller equipment sold
after the effective date of this limited warranty is free of defects
in material and workmanship at the time it is shipped by Miller.
THIS WARRANTY IS EXPRESSLY IN LIEU OF ALL OTHER
WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING THE
WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS.
*
Within the warranty periods listed below, Miller will repair or
replace any warranted parts or components that fail due to
such defects in material or workmanship. Miller must be
notified in writing within thirty (30) days of such defect or
failure, at which time Miller will provide instructions on the
warranty claim procedures to be followed.
Miller shall honor warranty claims on warranted equipment
listed below in the event of such a failure within the warranty
time periods. All warranty time periods start on the date that
the equipment was delivered to the original retail purchaser, or
one year after the equipment is sent to a North American
distributor or eighteen months after the equipment is sent to an
International distributor.
1.
5 Years Parts — 3 Years Labor
*
*
2.
3 Years — Parts and Labor
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
3.
Original main power rectifiers
Inverters (input and output rectifiers only)
Transformer/Rectifier Power Sources
Plasma Arc Cutting Power Sources
Semi-Automatic and Automatic Wire Feeders
Inverter Power Supplies
Intellitig
Maxstar 150
Engine Driven Welding Generators
(NOTE: Engines are warranted separately by
the engine manufacturer.)
1 Year — Parts and Labor Unless Specified
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
DS-2 Wire Feeder
Motor Driven Guns (w/exception of Spoolmate
Spoolguns)
Process Controllers
Positioners and Controllers
Automatic Motion Devices
RFCS Foot Controls
Induction Heating Power Sources
Water Coolant Systems
Flowgauge and Flowmeter Regulators (No Labor)
HF Units
Grids
Maxstar 85, 140
Spot Welders
Load Banks
Racks
Running Gear/Trailers
Plasma Cutting Torches (except APT & SAF
Models)
Field Options
(NOTE: Field options are covered under True
Blue for the remaining warranty period of the
product they are installed in, or for a minimum of
one year — whichever is greater.)
4.
6 Months — Batteries
5.
90 Days — Parts
*
*
MIG Guns/TIG Torches
Induction Heating Coils and Blankets
*
APT, ZIPCUT & PLAZCUT Model Plasma Cutting
Torches
Remote Controls
*
Accessory Kits
*
Replacement Parts (No labor)
*
Spoolmate Spoolguns
*
Canvas Covers
Miller’s True Blue Limited Warranty shall not apply to:
1.
Consumable components; such as contact tips,
cutting nozzles, contactors, brushes, slip rings,
relays or parts that fail due to normal wear.
(Exception: brushes, slip rings, and relays are
covered on Bobcat, Trailblazer, and Legend models.)
2.
Items furnished by Miller, but manufactured by others,
such as engines or trade accessories. These items are
covered by the manufacturer’s warranty, if any.
3.
Equipment that has been modified by any party other
than Miller, or equipment that has been improperly
installed, improperly operated or misused based upon
industry standards, or equipment which has not had
reasonable and necessary maintenance, or equipment
which has been used for operation outside of the
specifications for the equipment.
MILLER PRODUCTS ARE INTENDED FOR PURCHASE
AND USE BY COMMERCIAL/INDUSTRIAL USERS AND
PERSONS TRAINED AND EXPERIENCED IN THE USE
AND MAINTENANCE OF WELDING EQUIPMENT.
In the event of a warranty claim covered by this warranty, the
exclusive remedies shall be, at Miller’s option: (1) repair; or (2)
replacement; or, where authorized in writing by Miller in
appropriate cases, (3) the reasonable cost of repair or
replacement at an authorized Miller service station; or (4)
payment of or credit for the purchase price (less reasonable
depreciation based upon actual use) upon return of the goods
at customer’s risk and expense. Miller’s option of repair or
replacement will be F.O.B., Factory at Appleton, Wisconsin, or
F.O.B. at a Miller authorized service facility as determined by
Miller. Therefore no compensation or reimbursement for
transportation costs of any kind will be allowed.
TO THE EXTENT PERMITTED BY LAW, THE REMEDIES
PROVIDED HEREIN ARE THE SOLE AND EXCLUSIVE
REMEDIES. IN NO EVENT SHALL MILLER BE LIABLE FOR
DIRECT, INDIRECT, SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL OR
CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING LOSS OF
PROFIT), WHETHER BASED ON CONTRACT, TORT OR
ANY OTHER LEGAL THEORY.
ANY EXPRESS WARRANTY NOT PROVIDED HEREIN
AND ANY IMPLIED WARRANTY, GUARANTY OR
REPRESENTATION AS TO PERFORMANCE, AND ANY
REMEDY FOR BREACH OF CONTRACT TORT OR ANY
OTHER LEGAL THEORY WHICH, BUT FOR THIS
PROVISION,
MIGHT
ARISE
BY
IMPLICATION,
OPERATION OF LAW, CUSTOM OF TRADE OR COURSE
OF DEALING, INCLUDING ANY IMPLIED WARRANTY OF
MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR PARTICULAR
PURPOSE, WITH RESPECT TO ANY AND ALL
EQUIPMENT FURNISHED BY MILLER IS EXCLUDED AND
DISCLAIMED BY MILLER.
Some states in the U.S.A. do not allow limitations of how long
an implied warranty lasts, or the exclusion of incidental,
indirect, special or consequential damages, so the above
limitation or exclusion may not apply to you. This warranty
provides specific legal rights, and other rights may be
available, but may vary from state to state.
In Canada, legislation in some provinces provides for certain
additional warranties or remedies other than as stated herein,
and to the extent that they may not be waived, the limitations
and exclusions set out above may not apply. This Limited
Warranty provides specific legal rights, and other rights may
be available, but may vary from province to province.
miller_warr 6/03
Owner’s Record
Please complete and retain with your personal records.
Model Name
Serial/Style Number
Purchase Date
(Date which equipment was delivered to original customer.)
Distributor
Address
City
State
Zip
For Service
Call 1-800-4-A-Miller or see our website at www.MillerWelds.com
to locate a DISTRIBUTOR or SERVICE AGENCY near you.
Always provide Model Name and Serial/Style Number.
Contact your Distributor for:
Welding Supplies and Consumables
Options and Accessories
Personal Safety Equipment
Service and Repair
Miller Electric Mfg. Co.
An Illinois Tool Works Company
1635 West Spencer Street
Appleton, WI 54914 USA
Replacement Parts
Training (Schools, Videos, Books)
International Headquarters−USA
USA Phone: 920-735-4505 Auto-Attended
USA & Canada FAX: 920-735-4134
International FAX: 920-735-4125
Technical Manuals (Servicing Information
and Parts)
Circuit Diagrams
European Headquarters −
United Kingdom
Phone: 44 (0) 1204-593493
FAX: 44 (0) 1204-598066
Welding Process Handbooks
www.MillerWelds.com
Contact the Delivering Carrier to:
File a claim for loss or damage during
shipment.
For assistance in filing or settling claims, contact
your distributor and/or equipment manufacturer’s
Transportation Department.
PRINTED IN USA
 2004 Miller Electric Mfg. Co.
1/03
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