Miller | LC665440 | Owner Manual | Miller THUNDERBOLT XL 225 User manual

Miller THUNDERBOLT XL 225 User manual
OM-316
087 083N
October 2003
Processes
Stick (SMAW) Welding
Description
AC/DC, 300/200 AC/DC Models:
225 And 300 Models:
Arc Welding Power Source
R
Thunderbolt XL
AC/DC, 300/200 AC/DC, 225, And 300
Visit our website at
www.MillerWelds.com
From Miller to You
Thank you and congratulations on choosing Miller. Now you can get
the job done and get it done right. We know you don’t have time to do
it any other way.
That’s why when Niels Miller first started building arc welders in 1929,
he made sure his products offered long-lasting value and superior
quality. Like you, his customers couldn’t afford anything less. Miller
products had to be more than the best they could be. They had to be the
best you could buy.
Today, the people that build and sell Miller products continue the
tradition. They’re just as committed to providing equipment and service
that meets the high standards of quality and value established in 1929.
This Owner’s Manual is designed to help you get the most out of your
Miller products. Please take time to read the Safety precautions. They
will help you protect yourself against potential hazards on the worksite.
We’ve made installation and operation quick
and easy. With Miller you can count on years
of reliable service with proper maintenance.
And if for some reason the unit needs repair,
there’s a Troubleshooting section that will
help you figure out what the problem is. The
Miller is the first welding parts list will then help you to decide the
equipment manufacturer in exact part you may need to fix the problem.
the U.S.A. to be registered to
the ISO 9001:2000 Quality Warranty and service information for your
System Standard.
particular model are also provided.
Miller Electric manufactures a full line
of welders and welding related equipment.
For information on other quality Miller
products, contact your local Miller distributor to receive the latest full
line catalog or individual catalog sheets. To locate your nearest
distributor or service agency call 1-800-4-A-Miller, or visit us at
www.MillerWelds.com on the web.
Mil_Thank 7/03
Working as hard as you do
− every power source from
Miller is backed by the most
hassle-free warranty in the
business.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
SECTION 1 − SAFETY PRECAUTIONS - READ BEFORE USING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
1-1. Symbol Usage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
1-2. Arc Welding Hazards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
1-3. Additional Symbols For Installation, Operation, And Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
1-4. California Proposition 65 Warnings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
1-5. Principal Safety Standards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
1-6. EMF Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
SECTION 2 − CONSIGNES DE SÉCURITÉ − À LIRE AVANT UTILISATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
2-1. Signification des symboles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
2-2. Dangers relatifs au soudage à l’arc . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
2-3. Autres symboles relatifs à l’installation, au fonctionnement et à l’entretien de l’appareil. . . . . . . . . . . . 7
2-4. Principales normes de sécurité . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
2-5. Information sur les champs électromagnétiques . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
SECTION 3 − INSTALLATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
3-1. Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
3-2. Duty Cycle Charts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
3-3. Volt-Ampere Curves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
3-4. Selecting A Location . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
3-5. Installing Electrode Holder And Work Clamp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
3-6. Weld Output Cables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
3-7. Electrical Service Guide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
3-8. Internal Connections For Operating 115/230 Volts, 225 Amperes AC
And AC/DC Models From 115 Volts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
3-9. Internal Connections For Operating 230/400 Volts, 300/200 Amperes AC/DC Or 300 Amperes AC Models From 230 Volts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
3-10. Connecting Input Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
SECTION 4 − OPERATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
4-1. Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
SECTION 5 − MAINTENANCE & TROUBLESHOOTING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
5-1. Routine Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
5-2. Lubricating Shunt Block And Anti-Noise Adjustment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
5-3. Reinstalling Amperage Adjustment Indicator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
5-4. Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
SECTION 6 − ELECTRICAL DIAGRAMS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
SECTION 6 − WELDING METHODS & TROUBLESHOOTING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
6-1. Shielded Metal Arc Welding (SMAW) Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
6-2. Electrode And Amperage Selection Chart . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
6-3. Striking An Arc . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
6-4. Positioning The Electrode Holder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
6-5. Weld Bead Characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
6-6. Conditions That Affect Weld Bead Shape . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
6-7. Electrode Movement During Welding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
6-8. Butt Joints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
6-9. Lap Joints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
6-10. Tee Joints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
SECTION 8 − PARTS LIST . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
OPTIONS AND ACCESSORIES
WARRANTY
SECTION 1 − SAFETY PRECAUTIONS - READ BEFORE USING
som _8/03
1-1. Symbol Usage
Means Warning! Watch Out! There are possible hazards
with this procedure! The possible hazards are shown in
the adjoining symbols.
This group of symbols means Warning! Watch Out! possible
ELECTRIC SHOCK, MOVING PARTS, and HOT PARTS hazards.
Consult symbols and related instructions below for necessary actions
to avoid the hazards.
Y Marks a special safety message.
. Means “Note”; not safety related.
1-2. Arc Welding Hazards
Y The symbols shown below are used throughout this manual to
call attention to and identify possible hazards. When you see
the symbol, watch out, and follow the related instructions to
avoid the hazard. The safety information given below is only
a summary of the more complete safety information found in
the Safety Standards listed in Section 1-5. Read and follow all
Safety Standards.
D If earth grounding of the workpiece is required, ground it directly
with a separate cable.
Y Only qualified persons should install, operate, maintain, and
repair this unit.
D Wear a safety harness if working above floor level.
D Keep all panels and covers securely in place.
Y During operation, keep everybody, especially children, away.
D Clamp work cable with good metal-to-metal contact to workpiece
or worktable as near the weld as practical.
D Do not touch electrode if you are in contact with the work, ground,
or another electrode from a different machine.
D Use only well-maintained equipment. Repair or replace damaged
parts at once. Maintain unit according to manual.
D Insulate work clamp when not connected to workpiece to prevent
contact with any metal object.
ELECTRIC SHOCK can kill.
Touching live electrical parts can cause fatal shocks
or severe burns. The electrode and work circuit is
electrically live whenever the output is on. The input
power circuit and machine internal circuits are also
live when power is on. In semiautomatic or automatic wire welding, the
wire, wire reel, drive roll housing, and all metal parts touching the
welding wire are electrically live. Incorrectly installed or improperly
grounded equipment is a hazard.
D Do not connect more than one electrode or work cable to any
single weld output terminal.
SIGNIFICANT DC VOLTAGE exists after removal of
input power on inverters.
D Turn Off inverter, disconnect input power, and discharge input
capacitors according to instructions in Maintenance Section
before touching any parts.
D Do not touch live electrical parts.
D Wear dry, hole-free insulating gloves and body protection.
D Insulate yourself from work and ground using dry insulating mats
or covers big enough to prevent any physical contact with the work
or ground.
D Do not use AC output in damp areas, if movement is confined, or if
there is a danger of falling.
D Use AC output ONLY if required for the welding process.
D If AC output is required, use remote output control if present on
unit.
D Disconnect input power or stop engine before installing or
servicing this equipment. Lockout/tagout input power according to
OSHA 29 CFR 1910.147 (see Safety Standards).
D Properly install and ground this equipment according to its
Owner’s Manual and national, state, and local codes.
D Keep your head out of the fumes. Do not breathe the fumes.
D Always verify the supply ground − check and be sure that input
power cord ground wire is properly connected to ground terminal in
disconnect box or that cord plug is connected to a properly
grounded receptacle outlet.
D When making input connections, attach proper grounding conductor first − double-check connections.
D Frequently inspect input power cord for damage or bare wiring −
replace cord immediately if damaged − bare wiring can kill.
D Turn off all equipment when not in use.
D Do not use worn, damaged, undersized, or poorly spliced cables.
D Do not weld in locations near degreasing, cleaning, or spraying operations. The heat and rays of the arc can react with vapors to form
highly toxic and irritating gases.
D Do not drape cables over your body.
FUMES AND GASES can be hazardous.
Welding produces fumes and gases. Breathing
these fumes and gases can be hazardous to your
health.
D If inside, ventilate the area and/or use exhaust at the arc to remove
welding fumes and gases.
D If ventilation is poor, use an approved air-supplied respirator.
D Read the Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDSs) and the
manufacturer’s instructions for metals, consumables, coatings,
cleaners, and degreasers.
D Work in a confined space only if it is well ventilated, or while
wearing an air-supplied respirator. Always have a trained watchperson nearby. Welding fumes and gases can displace air and
lower the oxygen level causing injury or death. Be sure the breathing air is safe.
D Do not weld on coated metals, such as galvanized, lead, or
cadmium plated steel, unless the coating is removed from the weld
area, the area is well ventilated, and if necessary, while wearing an
air-supplied respirator. The coatings and any metals containing
these elements can give off toxic fumes if welded.
Return To Table Of Contents
OM-316 Page 1
ARC RAYS can burn eyes and skin.
BUILDUP OF GAS can injure or kill.
D Shut off shielding gas supply when not in use.
D Always ventilate confined spaces or use
approved air-supplied respirator.
Arc rays from the welding process produce intense
visible and invisible (ultraviolet and infrared) rays
that can burn eyes and skin. Sparks fly off from the
weld.
D Wear a welding helmet fitted with a proper shade of filter to protect
your face and eyes when welding or watching (see ANSI Z49.1
and Z87.1 listed in Safety Standards).
HOT PARTS can cause severe burns.
D Wear approved safety glasses with side shields under your
helmet.
D Use protective screens or barriers to protect others from flash and
glare; warn others not to watch the arc.
D Wear protective clothing made from durable, flame-resistant material (leather and wool) and foot protection.
D Do not touch hot parts bare handed.
D Allow cooling period before working on gun or
torch.
MAGNETIC FIELDS can affect pacemakers.
WELDING can cause fire or explosion.
D Pacemaker wearers keep away.
D Wearers should consult their doctor before
going near arc welding, gouging, or spot
welding operations.
Welding on closed containers, such as tanks,
drums, or pipes, can cause them to blow up. Sparks
can fly off from the welding arc. The flying sparks, hot
workpiece, and hot equipment can cause fires and
burns. Accidental contact of electrode to metal objects can cause
sparks, explosion, overheating, or fire. Check and be sure the area is
safe before doing any welding.
D Protect yourself and others from flying sparks and hot metal.
D Do not weld where flying sparks can strike flammable material.
D Remove all flammables within 35 ft (10.7 m) of the welding arc. If
this is not possible, tightly cover them with approved covers.
D Be alert that welding sparks and hot materials from welding can
easily go through small cracks and openings to adjacent areas.
D Watch for fire, and keep a fire extinguisher nearby.
D Be aware that welding on a ceiling, floor, bulkhead, or partition can
cause fire on the hidden side.
D Do not weld on closed containers such as tanks, drums, or pipes,
unless they are properly prepared according to AWS F4.1 (see
Safety Standards).
D Connect work cable to the work as close to the welding area as
practical to prevent welding current from traveling long, possibly
unknown paths and causing electric shock and fire hazards.
D Do not use welder to thaw frozen pipes.
D Remove stick electrode from holder or cut off welding wire at
contact tip when not in use.
D Wear oil-free protective garments such as leather gloves, heavy
shirt, cuffless trousers, high shoes, and a cap.
D Remove any combustibles, such as a butane lighter or matches,
from your person before doing any welding.
FLYING METAL can injure eyes.
D Welding, chipping, wire brushing, and grinding
cause sparks and flying metal. As welds cool,
they can throw off slag.
D Wear approved safety glasses with side
shields even under your welding helmet.
OM-316 Page 2
NOISE can damage hearing.
Noise from some processes or equipment can
damage hearing.
D Wear approved ear protection if noise level is
high.
CYLINDERS can explode if damaged.
Shielding gas cylinders contain gas under high
pressure. If damaged, a cylinder can explode. Since
gas cylinders are normally part of the welding
process, be sure to treat them carefully.
D Protect compressed gas cylinders from excessive heat, mechanical shocks, slag, open flames, sparks, and arcs.
D Install cylinders in an upright position by securing to a stationary
support or cylinder rack to prevent falling or tipping.
D Keep cylinders away from any welding or other electrical circuits.
D Never drape a welding torch over a gas cylinder.
D Never allow a welding electrode to touch any cylinder.
D Never weld on a pressurized cylinder − explosion will result.
D Use only correct shielding gas cylinders, regulators, hoses, and fittings designed for the specific application; maintain them and
associated parts in good condition.
D Turn face away from valve outlet when opening cylinder valve.
D Keep protective cap in place over valve except when cylinder is in
use or connected for use.
D Read and follow instructions on compressed gas cylinders,
associated equipment, and CGA publication P-1 listed in Safety
Standards.
Return To Table Of Contents
1-3. Additional Symbols For Installation, Operation, And Maintenance
FIRE OR EXPLOSION hazard.
MOVING PARTS can cause injury.
D Do not install or place unit on, over, or near
combustible surfaces.
D Do not install unit near flammables.
D Do not overload building wiring − be sure power supply system is
properly sized, rated, and protected to handle this unit.
D Keep away from moving parts such as fans.
D Keep all doors, panels, covers, and guards
closed and securely in place.
FALLING UNIT can cause injury.
H.F. RADIATION can cause interference.
D Use lifting eye to lift unit only, NOT running
gear, gas cylinders, or any other accessories.
D Use equipment of adequate capacity to lift and
support unit.
D If using lift forks to move unit, be sure forks are
long enough to extend beyond opposite side of
unit.
D
OVERUSE can cause OVERHEATING
D
D Allow cooling period; follow rated duty cycle.
D Reduce current or reduce duty cycle before
starting to weld again.
D Do not block or filter airflow to unit.
D
D
D High-frequency (H.F.) can interfere with radio
navigation, safety services, computers, and
communications equipment.
D Have only qualified persons familiar with
electronic equipment perform this installation.
The user is responsible for having a qualified electrician promptly correct any interference problem resulting from the installation.
If notified by the FCC about interference, stop using the
equipment at once.
Have the installation regularly checked and maintained.
Keep high-frequency source doors and panels tightly shut, keep
spark gaps at correct setting, and use grounding and shielding to
minimize the possibility of interference.
STATIC (ESD) can damage PC boards.
D Put on grounded wrist strap BEFORE handling
boards or parts.
D Use proper static-proof bags and boxes to
store, move, or ship PC boards.
ARC WELDING can cause interference.
MOVING PARTS can cause injury.
D Keep away from moving parts.
D Keep away from pinch points such as drive
rolls.
D
D
WELDING WIRE can cause injury.
D Do not press gun trigger until instructed to do
so.
D Do not point gun toward any part of the body,
other people, or any metal when threading
welding wire.
D
D
D Electromagnetic energy can interfere with
sensitive electronic equipment such as
computers and computer-driven equipment
such as robots.
D Be sure all equipment in the welding area is
electromagnetically compatible.
To reduce possible interference, keep weld cables as short as
possible, close together, and down low, such as on the floor.
Locate welding operation 100 meters from any sensitive electronic equipment.
Be sure this welding machine is installed and grounded
according to this manual.
If interference still occurs, the user must take extra measures
such as moving the welding machine, using shielded cables,
using line filters, or shielding the work area.
1-4. California Proposition 65 Warnings
Y Welding or cutting equipment produces fumes or gases which
contain chemicals known to the State of California to cause
birth defects and, in some cases, cancer. (California Health &
Safety Code Section 25249.5 et seq.)
For Gasoline Engines:
Y Engine exhaust contains chemicals known to the State of
California to cause cancer, birth defects, or other reproductive
harm.
Y Battery posts, terminals and related accessories contain lead
and lead compounds, chemicals known to the State of
California to cause cancer and birth defects or other
reproductive harm. Wash hands after handling.
For Diesel Engines:
Y Diesel engine exhaust and some of its constituents are known
to the State of California to cause cancer, birth defects, and
other reproductive harm.
Return To Table Of Contents
OM-316 Page 3
1-5. Principal Safety Standards
Safety in Welding, Cutting, and Allied Processes, ANSI Standard Z49.1,
from American Welding Society, 550 N.W. LeJeune Rd, Miami FL 33126
(phone: 305-443-9353, website: www.aws.org).
Boulevard, Rexdale, Ontario, Canada M9W 1R3 (phone:
800−463−6727 or in Toronto 416−747−4044, website: www.csa−international.org).
Recommended Safe Practices for the Preparation for Welding and Cutting of Containers and Piping, American Welding Society Standard
AWS F4.1, from American Welding Society, 550 N.W. LeJeune Rd, Miami, FL 33126 (phone: 305-443-9353, website: www.aws.org).
Practice For Occupational And Educational Eye And Face Protection,
ANSI Standard Z87.1, from American National Standards Institute, 11
West 42nd Street, New York, NY 10036−8002 (phone: 212−642−4900,
website: www.ansi.org).
National Electrical Code, NFPA Standard 70, from National Fire Protection Association, P.O. Box 9101, 1 Battery March Park, Quincy, MA
02269−9101 (phone: 617−770−3000, website: www.nfpa.org and www.
sparky.org).
Standard for Fire Prevention During Welding, Cutting, and Other Hot
Work, NFPA Standard 51B, from National Fire Protection Association,
P.O. Box 9101, 1 Battery March Park, Quincy, MA 02269−9101 (phone:
617−770−3000,website: www.nfpa.org and www. sparky.org).
Safe Handling of Compressed Gases in Cylinders, CGA Pamphlet P-1,
from Compressed Gas Association, 1735 Jefferson Davis Highway,
Suite 1004, Arlington, VA 22202−4102 (phone: 703−412−0900, website: www.cganet.com).
Code for Safety in Welding and Cutting, CSA Standard W117.2, from
Canadian Standards Association, Standards Sales, 178 Rexdale
OSHA, Occupational Safety and Health Standards for General Industry, Title 29, Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), Part 1910, Subpart Q,
and Part 1926, Subpart J, from U.S. Government Printing Office, Superintendent of Documents, P.O. Box 371954, Pittsburgh, PA 15250 (there
are 10 Regional Offices−−phone for Region 5, Chicago, is
312−353−2220,website: www.osha.gov).
1-6. EMF Information
Considerations About Welding And The Effects Of Low Frequency
Electric And Magnetic Fields
Welding current, as it flows through welding cables, will cause electromagnetic fields. There has been and still is some concern about such
fields. However, after examining more than 500 studies spanning 17
years of research, a special blue ribbon committee of the National
Research Council concluded that: “The body of evidence, in the
committee’s judgment, has not demonstrated that exposure to powerfrequency electric and magnetic fields is a human-health hazard.”
However, studies are still going forth and evidence continues to be
examined. Until the final conclusions of the research are reached, you
may wish to minimize your exposure to electromagnetic fields when
welding or cutting.
To reduce magnetic fields in the workplace, use the following
procedures:
OM-316 Page 4
1. Keep cables close together by twisting or taping them.
2. Arrange cables to one side and away from the operator.
3. Do not coil or drape cables around your body.
4. Keep welding power source and cables as far away from operator as practical.
5. Connect work clamp to workpiece as close to the weld as possible.
About Pacemakers:
Pacemaker wearers consult your doctor first. If cleared by your doctor,
then following the above procedures is recommended.
Return To Table Of Contents
SECTION 2 − CONSIGNES DE SÉCURITÉ − À LIRE AVANT
UTILISATION
som_fre 8/03
2-1. Signification des symboles
Signifie « Mise en garde. Faire preuve de vigilance. »
Cette procédure présente des risques identifiés par les
symboles adjacents aux directives.
Ce groupe de symboles signifie « Mise en garde. Faire preuve de vigilance. » Il y a des dangers liés aux CHOCS ÉLECTRIQUES, aux
PIÈCES EN MOUVEMENT et aux PIÈCES CHAUDES. Se reporter
aux symboles et aux directives ci-dessous afin de connaître les mesures à prendre pour éviter tout danger.
Y Identifie un message de sécurité particulier.
. Signifie « NOTA » ; n’est pas relatif à la sécurité.
2-2. Dangers relatifs au soudage à l’arc
Y Les symboles ci-après sont utilisés tout au long du présent
manuel pour attirer l’attention sur les dangers potentiels et les
identifier. Lorsqu’on voit un symbole, faire preuve de vigilance et
suivre les directives mentionnées afin d’éviter tout danger. Les
consignes de sécurité énoncées ci-après ne font que résumer le
contenu des normes de sécurité mentionnées à la section 2-4.
Lire et respecter toutes ces normes.
D N’utiliser que du matériel en bon état. Réparer ou remplacer sur−le−
champ les pièces endommagées. Entretenir l’appareil conformément
au présent manuel.
Y L’installation, l’utilisation, l’entretien et les réparations ne doivent être confiés qu’à des personnes qualifiées.
D Fixer le câble de retour de façon à obtenir un bon contact métal sur
métal avec la pièce à souder ou la table de travail, le plus près possible
de la soudure.
Y Pendant l’utilisation de l’appareil, tenir à l’écart toute personne,
en particulier les enfants.
D Porter un harnais de sécurité quand on travaille en hauteur.
D Maintenir solidement en place tous les panneaux et capots.
D
Ne pas connecter plus d’une électrode ou plus d’un câble de masse à un
même terminal de sortie.
LES DÉCHARGES ÉLECTRIQUES
peuvent être mortelles.
Un simple contact avec des pièces sous tension peut
causer une électrocution ou des blessures graves.
L’électrode et le circuit de soudage sont sous tension
dès que l’appareil est en fonctionnement. Le circuit
d’entrée et les circuits internes de l’appareil sont également sous tension.
En soudage semi−automatique ou automatique, le fil, le dévidoir, le
logement des galets d’entraînement et les pièces métalliques en contact
avec le fil de soudage sont sous tension. Tout matériel mal installé ou mal
mis à la terre présente un danger.
Il subsiste un COURANT CONTINU IMPORTANT
dans les convertisseurs après la suppression de
l’alimentation électrique.
D Arrêter les convertisseurs, débrancher le courant électrique et décharger les condensateurs d’alimentation selon les instructions
énoncées à la section Entretien avant de toucher les pièces.
D Ne jamais toucher aux pièces électriques sous tension.
D Porter des gants et des vêtements de protection secs et exempts de
trous.
D S’isoler de la pièce et de la terre au moyen de tapis ou autres dispositifs isolants suffisamment grands pour empêcher tout contact
physique avec la pièce ou la terre.
D
D
D
Ne pas se servir d’une source de courant alternatif dans les zones humides, les endroits confinés ou là où on risque de tomber.
Ne se servir d’une source de courant alternatif QUE si le procédé de soudage l’exige.
Si l’utilisation d’une source de courant alternatif s’avère nécessaire, se servir de la fonction de télécommande si l’appareil en est équipé.
D Couper l’alimentation ou arrêter le moteur avant de procéder à l’installation, à la réparation ou à l’entretien de l’appareil. Couper/étiqueter
l’alimentation selon la norme OSHA 29 CFR 1910.147 (voir les normes de sécurité).
D Installer et mettre à la terre correctement l’appareil conformément à
son manuel d’utilisation et aux codes nationaux, provinciaux et
municipaux.
D Toujours vérifier la terre du cordon d’alimentation − Vérifier et s’assurer que le fil de terre du cordon d’alimentation est bien raccordé à la
borne de terre du sectionneur ou que la fiche du cordon est raccordée
à une prise correctement mise à la terre.
D Pour exécuter les branchements d’entrée, fixer d’abord le conducteur
de mise à la terre adéquat et contre−vérifier les connexions.
D Vérifier fréquemment le cordon d’alimentation et s’assurer qu’il n’est
ni endommagé ni dénudé ; le remplacer immédiatement s’il est endommagé − tout câble dénudé peut causer une électrocution.
D Mettre l’appareil hors tension quand on ne l’utilise pas.
D Ne pas utiliser de câbles usés, endommagés, de calibre insuffisant ou
mal épissés.
D Ne pas s’enrouler les câbles autour du corps.
D Si la pièce soudée doit être mise à la terre, le faire directement avec un
câble distinct.
D Ne pas toucher l’électrode quand on est en contact avec la pièce, la
terre ou une électrode d’une autre machine.
LES FUMÉES ET LES GAZ peuvent
être dangereux.
Le soudage génère des fumées et des gaz dont
l’inhalation peut être dangereuse pour la santé.
D Se tenir à distance des fumées et ne pas les inhaler.
D À l’intérieur, ventiler la zone et/ou utiliser un dispositif d’aspiration au
niveau de l’arc pour l’évacuation des fumées et des gaz de soudage.
D Si la ventilation est insuffisante, utiliser un respirateur à adduction
d’air agréé.
D Lire les fiches techniques de santé−sécurité (FTSS) et les instructions du fabricant concernant les métaux, les consommables, les
revêtements, les nettoyants et les dégraisseurs.
D Ne travailler dans un espace clos que s’il est bien ventilé ou porter un
respirateur à adduction d’air. Demander toujours à un surveillant dûment formé de se tenir à proximité. Des fumées et des gaz de soudage
peuvent se substituer à l’air, abaisser la teneur en oxygène et causer
des lésions ou des accidents mortels. S’assurer que l’air est respirable.
D Ne pas souder à proximité d’opérations de dégraissage, de nettoyage
ou de pulvérisation. La chaleur et les rayons de l’arc peuvent réagir en
présence de vapeurs et former des gaz hautement toxiques et irritants.
D Ne pas souder de métaux munis d’un revêtement, tels que la tôle
d’acier galvanisée, plombée ou cadmiée, à moins que le revêtement
n’ait été enlevé dans la zone de soudage, que l’endroit soit bien ventilé, et si nécessaire, porter un respirateur à adduction d’air. Les
revêtements et tous les métaux renfermant ces éléments peuvent dégager des fumées toxiques lorsqu’on les soude.
Revenez à la table des matières
OM-316 Page 5
LES RAYONS DE L’ARC peuvent causer des brûlures oculaires et cutanées.
Le rayonnement de l’arc génère des rayons visibles et
invisibles intenses (ultraviolets et infrarouges) susceptibles de causer des brûlures oculaires et cutanées.
Des étincelles sont projetées pendant le soudage.
D Porter un masque de soudage muni d’un filtre de la nuance adéquate
pour se protéger le visage et les yeux pendant le soudage ou pour regarder (voir les normes de sécurité ANSI Z49.1 et Z87.1).
D Porter des lunettes de sécurité à écrans latéraux sous le masque.
D Utiliser des écrans ou des barrières pour protéger les tiers de l’éclat
éblouissant ou aveuglant de l’arc ; leur demander de ne pas regarder
l’arc.
D Porter des vêtements de protection en matière durable et ignifuge
(cuir ou laine) et des chaussures de sécurité.
LES ACCUMULATIONS DE GAZ peuvent causer des blessures ou même
la mort.
D
D
Couper l’alimentation en gaz protecteur en cas de
non utilisation.
Veiller toujours à bien ventiler les espaces confinés ou porter un respirateur à adduction d’air agréé.
LES PIÈCES CHAUDES peuvent causer des brûlures graves.
D Ne pas toucher les pièces chaudes à main nue.
D Prévoir une période de refroidissement avant
d’utiliser le pistolet ou la torche.
LE SOUDAGE peut causer un incendie ou une explosion.
LES CHAMPS MAGNÉTIQUES peuvent
perturber le fonctionnement des stimulateurs cardiaques.
Le soudage effectué sur des récipients fermés tels que
des réservoirs, des fûts ou des conduites peut causer
leur éclatement. Des étincelles peuvent être projetées
de l’arc de soudure. La projection d’étincelles, les
pièces chaudes et les équipements chauds peuvent causer des
incendies et des brûlures. Le contact accidentel de l’électrode avec tout
objet métallique peut causer des étincelles, une explosion, un surchauffement ou un incendie. Avant de commencer le soudage, vérifier et
s’assurer que l’endroit ne présente pas de danger.
D Se protéger et protéger les tiers de la projection d’étincelles et de métal chaud.
D Ne pas souder à un endroit où des étincelles peuvent tomber sur des
substances inflammables.
D Placer toutes les substances inflammables à une distance de 10,7 m
de l’arc de soudage. En cas d’impossibilité, les recouvrir soigneusement avec des protections agréées.
D Des étincelles et des matières en fusion peuvent facilement passer
même par des fissures et des ouvertures de petites dimensions.
D Surveiller tout déclenchement d’incendie et tenir un extincteur à proximité.
D Le soudage effectué sur un plafond, un plancher, une paroi ou une
cloison peut déclencher un incendie de l’autre côté.
D Ne pas souder des récipients fermés tels que des réservoirs, des fûts
ou des conduites, à moins qu’ils n’aient été préparés conformément à
l’AWS F4.1 (voir les normes de sécurité).
D Brancher le câble sur la pièce le plus près possible de la zone de soudage pour éviter que le courant ne circule sur une longue distance, par
des chemins inconnus, et ne cause des risques d’électrocution et d’incendie.
D Ne pas utiliser le poste de soudage pour dégeler des conduites gelées.
D En cas de non utilisation, enlever la baguette d’électrode du porte−
électrode ou couper le fil au raz du tube−contact.
D Porter des vêtements de protection exempts d’huile tels que des
gants en cuir, une chemise en tissu épais, des pantalons sans revers,
des chaussures montantes et un masque.
D Avant de souder, retirer tout produit combustible de ses poches, tel
qu’un briquet au butane ou des allumettes.
LES PARTICULES PROJETÉES peuvent blesser les yeux.
D Le soudage, le burinage, le passage de la pièce à
la brosse métallique et le meulage provoquent
l’émission d’étincelles et de particules métalliques. Pendant leur refroidissement, les soudures risquent de projeter du
laitier.
D
Porter des lunettes de sécurité à écrans latéraux agréés, même sous le
masque de soudage.
OM-316 Page 6
D
D
Les personnes qui portent un stimulateur cardiaque
doivent se tenir à distance.
Ils doivent consulter leur médecin avant de s’approcher d’un lieu où on exécute des opérations de soudage à l’arc, de gougeage ou de soudage par points.
LE BRUIT peut affecter l’ouïe.
Le bruit de certains processus et équipements peut
affecter l’ouïe.
D
Porter des protecteurs d’oreille agréés si le niveau
sonore est trop élevé.
Les BOUTEILLES
peuvent exploser.
endommagées
Les bouteilles de gaz protecteur contiennent du gaz
sous haute pression. Toute bouteille endommagée
peut exploser. Comme les bouteilles de gaz font
normalement partie du procédé de soudage, les
manipuler avec précaution.
D Protéger les bouteilles de gaz comprimé de la chaleur excessive, des
chocs mécaniques, du laitier, des flammes nues, des étincelles et des
arcs.
D Placer les bouteilles debout en les fixant dans un support stationnaire
ou dans un porte−bouteilles pour les empêcher de tomber ou de se
renverser.
D Tenir les bouteilles éloignées des circuits de soudage ou autres circuits électriques.
D Ne jamais poser une torche de soudage sur une bouteille de gaz.
D Ne jamais mettre une électrode de soudage en contact avec une bouteille de gaz.
D Ne jamais souder une bouteille contenant du gaz sous pression − elle
risquerait d’exploser.
D N’utiliser que les bouteilles de gaz protecteur, régulateurs, tuyaux et
raccords adéquats pour l’application envisagée ; les maintenir en bon
état, ainsi que les pièces connexes.
D Détourner la tête lorsqu’on ouvre la soupape d’une bouteille.
D Laisser le capuchon protecteur sur la soupape, sauf en cas d’utilisation ou de branchement de la bouteille
D Lire et suivre les instructions concernant les bouteilles de gaz comprimé, les équipements associés et les publications P−1 de la CGA,
mentionnées dans les normes de sécurité.
Revenez à la table des matières
2-3. Autres symboles relatifs à l’installation, au fonctionnement et à l’entretien de
l’appareil.
Risque D’INCENDIE OU D’EXPLOSION
LES ORGANES MOBILES peuvent
causer des blessures.
D Ne pas placer l’appareil sur une surface inflammable, ni au−dessus ou à proximité d’elle.
D Se tenir à l’écart des organes mobiles comme les
ventilateurs.
D Maintenir fermés et bien fixés les portes,
panneaux, recouvrements et dispositifs de
protection.
D Ne pas installer l’appareil à proximité de produits inflammables.
D Ne pas surcharger l’installation électrique − s’assurer que l’alimentation est correctement dimensionnée et protégée avant de mettre
l’appareil en service.
LE RAYONNEMENT HAUTE FRÉQUENCE (H. F.) risque de causer des
interférences.
LA CHUTE DE L’APPAREIL peut
blesser.
D N’utiliser que l’anneau de levage pour lever l’appareil. NE PAS utiliser le chariot, les bouteilles de
gaz ou tout autre accessoire.
D Utiliser un engin de capacité adéquate pour lever
l’appareil.
D Si on utilise un chariot élévateur pour déplacer l’unité, s’assurer que
les fourches sont suffisamment longues pour dépasser du côté opposé de l’appareil.
L’EMPLOI EXCESSIF peut FAIRE
SURCHAUFFER L’ÉQUIPEMENT.
D Prévoir une période de refroidissement ; respecter le cycle opératoire nominal.
D Réduire le courant ou le cycle opératoire avant de
reprendre le soudage.
D Le rayonnement haute fréquence peut causer
des interférences avec les équipements de radionavigation et de communication, les services de
sécurité et les ordinateurs.
D Ne demander qu’à des personnes qualifiées familiarisées avec les
équipements électroniques de faire fonctionner l’installation.
D L’utilisateur est tenu de faire corriger rapidement par un électricien
qualifié les interférences causées par l’installation.
D Si la Federal Communications Commission signale des interférences, arrêter immédiatement l’appareil.
D Faire régulièrement contrôler et entretenir l’installation.
D Maintenir soigneusement fermés les panneaux et les portes des sources de haute fréquence, maintenir le jeu d’éclatement au réglage
adéquat et utiliser une terre et un blindage pour réduire les interférences éventuelles.
LE SOUDAGE À L’ARC peut causer
des interférences.
D Ne pas obstruer les orifices ou filtrer l’alimentation en air du poste.
D L’énergie électromagnétique peut causer des
interférences avec l’équipement électronique
sensible tel que les ordinateurs et l’équipement
commandé par ordinateur tel que les robots.
LES CHARGES ÉLECTROSTATIQUES peuvent endommager les circuits imprimés.
D Mettre un bracelet antistatique AVANT de manipuler des cartes ou des pièces.
D Utiliser des pochettes et des boîtes antistatiques
pour stocker, déplacer ou expédier des cartes de
circuits imprimés.
LES PIÈCES MOBILES peuvent causer des blessures.
D Se tenir à l’écart des pièces mobiles.
D Se tenir à l’écart des points de coincement tels
que les dévidoirs.
D Veiller à ce que tout l’équipement de la zone de soudage soit compatible au point de vue électromagnétique.
D Pour réduire la possibilité d’interférence, maintenir les câbles de soudage aussi courts que possible, les grouper, et les poser aussi bas
que possible (par ex. : à terre).
D Veiller à souder à une distance de 100 mètres de tout équipement
électronique sensible.
D Veiller à ce que le poste de soudage soit posé et mis à la terre conformément au présent manuel.
D En cas d’interférences après exécution des directives précédentes, il
incombe à l’utilisateur de prendre des mesures supplémentaires telles que le déplacement du poste, l’utilisation de câbles blindés,
l’utilisation de filtres de ligne ou la pose de protecteurs dans la zone de
travail.
LES FILS DE SOUDAGE peuvent causer des blessures.
D Ne pas appuyer sur la gâchette avant d’en avoir
reçu l’instruction.
D Ne pas diriger le pistolet vers soi, vers d’autres
personnes ou vers toute pièce mécanique en engageant le fil de soudage.
Revenez à la table des matières
LES CHAMPS MAGNÉTIQUES peuvent
affecter les stimulateurs cardiaques.
D Porteurs de stimulateur cardiaque, restez à distance.
D Les porteurs d’un stimulateur cardiaque doivent
d’abord consulter leur médecin avant de s’approcher des opérations de soudage à l’arc, de gougeage ou de soudage par points.
OM-316 Page 7
2-4. Principales normes de sécurité
Safety in Welding, Cutting, and Allied Processes, norme ANSI Z49.1,
de l’American Welding Society, 550 N.W. LeJeune Rd, Miami FL 33126
(téléphone : (305) 443−9353, site Web : www.aws.org).
Rexdale, Rexdale (Ontario) Canada M9W 1R3 (téléphone : (800)
463−6727 ou à Toronto : (416) 747−4044, site Web : www.csa−international.org).
Recommended Safe Practices for the Preparation for Welding and Cutting of Containers and Piping, norme American Welding Society AWS
F4.1, de l’American Welding Society, 550 N.W. LeJeune Rd, Miami, FL
33126 (téléphone : (305) 443−9353, site Web : www.aws.org).
Practice For Occupational And Educational Eye And Face Protection,
norme ANSI Z87.1, de l’American National Standards Institute, 11 West
42nd Street, New York, NY 10036−8002 (téléphone : (212) 642−4900,
site Web : www.ansi.org).
National Electrical Code, norme NFPA 70, de la National Fire Protection
Association, P.O. Box 9101, 1 Battery March Park, Quincy, MA
02269−9101 (téléphone : (617) 770−3000, sites Web : www.nfpa.org et
www.sparky.org).
Standard for Fire Prevention During Welding, Cutting, and Other Hot
Work, norme NFPA 51B, de la National Fire Protection Association,
P.O. Box 9101, 1 Battery March Park, Quincy, MA 02269−9101 (téléphone : (617) 770−3000, site Web : www.nfpa.org et www.sparky.org).
Safe Handling of Compressed Gases in Cylinders, brochure CGA P−1,
de la Compressed Gas Association, 1735 Jefferson Davis Highway,
Suite 1004, Arlington, VA 22202−4102 (téléphone : (703) 412−0900,
site Web : www.cganet.com).
Code for Safety in Welding and Cutting, norme CSA W117.2, de la Canadian Standards Association, Standards Sales, 178 boulevard
OSHA, Occupational Safety and Health Standards for General Industry, Title 29, Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), Part 1910, Subpart Q,
and Part 1926, Subpart J, de l’U.S. Government Printing Office, Superintendent of Documents, P.O. Box 371954, Pittsburgh, PA 15250 (il y a
10 bureaux régionaux − Téléphone pour la Région 5, Chicago : (312)
353−2220, site Web : www.osha.gov).
2-5. Information sur les champs électromagnétiques
Données sur le soudage électrique et les effets des champs magnétiques basse fréquence sur l’organisme
En parcourant les câbles de soudage, le courant crée des champs électromagnétiques. Les effets potentiels de tels champs restent
préoccupants. Cependant, après avoir examiné plus de 500 études qui
ont été faites pendant une période de recherche de 17 ans, un comité
de spécialistes du National Research Council a conclu : « L’accumulation de preuves n’a pas démontré que l’exposition aux champs
magnétiques et aux champs électriques à haute fréquence constitue un
risque pour la santé humaine ». Toutefois, les études et l’examen des
preuves se poursuivent. En attendant les conclusions finales de la recherche, il serait souhaitable de réduire l’exposition aux champs
électromagnétiques pendant le soudage ou le coupage.
OM-316 Page 8
Afin de réduire les champs électromagnétiques en milieu de travail, respecter les consignes suivantes :
1. Garder les câbles ensemble en les torsadant ou en les fixant avec du
ruban adhésif.
2. Mettre tous les câbles du côté opposé à l’opérateur.
3. Ne pas s’enrouler les câbles autour du corps.
4. Garder le poste de soudage et les câbles le plus loin possible de soi.
5. Placer la pince de masse le plus près possible de la zone de soudage.
Consignes relatives aux stimulateurs cardiaques :
Les personnes qui portent un stimulateur cardiaque doivent avant tout
consulter leur médecin. Si ce dernier les déclare aptes, il leur est recommandé de respecter les consignes ci-dessus.
Revenez à la table des matières
SECTION 3 − INSTALLATION
3-1. Specifications
AC/DC Models
Rated Welding
Output
Mode
Maximum
OpenCircuit
Voltage
Amperage
Range
AC
225 A @ 25 Volts AC,
20% Duty Cycle @ 60 Hz;
15% Duty Cycle @ 50 Hz
DC
150 A @ 25 Volts DC,
20% Duty Cycle @ 60 Hz;
15% Duty Cycle @ 50 Hz
30 − 160
80 VDC
AC
300 A @30 Volts AC,
20% Duty Cycle @ 50/60 Hz
Low: 40 − 200
High: 65 − 300
80 VAC
DC
200 A @ 25 Volts DC,
20% Duty Cycle @ 50/60 Hz
Low: 30 − 150
High: 40 − 235
Amperes Input at Rated Load Output
50 Or 60 Hz, Single-Phase
115 V
220 V
230 V
400 V
Weight
460 V
80 VAC
30 − 200
95
4.6*
47.5
2.3*
70
5.4*
80 VDC
23.7
1.2*
67
3.6*
39
1.8*
34
1.3*
104 lb
(47 kg)
134 lbs
(61 kg)
Overall Dimensions
Height: 18-3/4 in (476 mm); Width: 12-3/4 in (323 mm); Depth: 17-1/2 in (445 mm)
*While idling
AC Models
Amperage
Range
Max OpenCircuit
Voltage
225 A @ 25 Volts AC, 20%
Duty Cycle @ 60 Hz;
15% Duty Cycle @ 50 Hz
Low: 30 − 150A
High: 40 − 235A
80 VAC
300 A @ 30 Volts AC,
20% Duty Cycle @ 50/60 Hz
Low: 40 − 200
High: 65 − 300
80 VAC
Rated Welding Output
Amperes Input at Rated Load
Output 50 Or 60 Hz, Single-Phase
115 V
220 V
95
4.6*
230 V
400 V
47.5
2.3*
70
5.4*
67
3.6*
39
1.8*
Weight
KW
7.2
0.22*
85 lb
(39 kg)
11.5
0.22*
107 lb
(49 kg)
Overall Dimensions
Height: 18-3/4 in (476 mm); Width: 12-3/4 in (323 mm); Depth: 17-1/2 in (445 mm)
*While idling
Return To Table Of Contents
OM-316 Page 9
3-2. Duty Cycle Charts
A. For AC/DC Models
Duty Cycle is percentage of 10 minutes
that unit can weld at rated load without
overheating.
Y 20% Duty Cycle at 225 Amperes. Exceeding duty cycle can damage unit
and void warranty.
2 Minutes Welding
8 Minutes Resting
A. For 115/230, 230, And 460 Volt Models
(225/150 Amperes*)
B. For 220, 230/400, And 460 Volt Models
(300/200 Amperes)
*These models have a 15% duty cycle when used with 50 Hz input power.
SB-086 727 / SB-099 602-A
B. For AC Models
Duty Cycle is percentage of 10 minutes
that unit can weld at rated load without
overheating.
2 Minutes Welding
8 Minutes Resting
A. For 115/230 And 230 Volt Models
(225 Amperes*)
Y 20% Duty Cycle at 225 Amperes. Exceeding duty cycle can damage unit
and void warranty.
B. For 220, And 230/400 Volt Models
(300 Amperes)
*These models have a 15% duty cycle when used with 50 Hz input power.
ST-001 836-A / SB-099 603-A
OM-316 Page 10
Return To Table Of Contents
3-3. Volt-Ampere Curves
A. For AC/DC Models
The volt-ampere curves show the
minimum and maximum voltage
and amperage output capabilities.
Curves of other settings fall between the curves shown.
A. For 115/230, 230 And 460 Volt Models
(225/150 Amperes)
90
80
80
70
70
60
50
DC Volts
AC Volts
60
40
30
50
40
30
20
20
10
10
0
0
0
50
100
150
200
250
300
350
0
50
100
AC Amperes
150
200
250
DC Amperes
B. For 220, 230/400, And 460 Volt Models
(300/200 Amperes)
100
100
A=LOW RANGE
90
B=HIGH RANGE
80
80
70
70
DC Volts
AC Volts
90
60
50
40
60
50
40
30
30
20
20
A
10
A
B
B
0
MAX
MIN
10
0
0
50
100
150
200
250
300
350
400
450
0
100
200
300
400
DC Amperes
AC Amperes
193 509 / 193 510 / 193 511 / 193 512
Return To Table Of Contents
OM-316 Page 11
B. For AC Models
The volt-ampere curves show the
minimum and maximum voltage
and amperage output capabilities.
Curves of other settings fall between the curves shown.
A. For 115/230 And 230 Volt Models
(225 Amperes)
90
A=LOW RANGE
80
B=HIGH RANGE
70
AC Volts
60
50
40
30
20
A
10
A
B
B
0
0
50
100
150
200
250
300
AC Amperes
C. For 230/400 Volt Model
(300 Amperes)
B. For 220 Volt Model
(300 Amperes)
100
A=LOW RANGE
90
90
80
70
70
AC Volts
60
AC Volts
B=HIGH RANGE
80
50
40
30
60
50
40
30
20
20
10
A
10
0
A
B
B
0
0
100
200
300
400
500
0
50
100
150
200
250
300
350
400
450
AC Amperes
AC Amperes
193 508 / 193 513 / 193 511
OM-316 Page 12
Return To Table Of Contents
3-4. Selecting A Location
1
Rating Label
Locate unit near correct input
power.
1
18 in (457 mm) for airflow
Y Special installation may be
required where gasoline or
volatile liquids are present −
see NEC Article 511 or CEC
Section 20.
Ref. ST-151 556 / ST-802 105-C
Return To Table Of Contents
OM-316 Page 13
3-5. Installing Electrode Holder And Work Clamp
Y Turn Off unit and disconnect
input power before installing
electrode holder or work
clamp.
Removing Barrel From Electrode Holder
1
2
3
4
3
Loosen set screw through access
hole and slide barrel away from
electrode holder.
2
4
Electrode Holder
Barrel
Access Hole
Set Screw
Installing Electrode Cable and
Barrel onto Electrode Holder
5
1
5
6
Electrode Cable From Unit
(Has Bare Conductors on
End)
Terminal Screw
Back out terminal screw from electrode holder. Insert electrode cable
through barrel into end of electrode
holder and tighten terminal screw
securely.
6
Move barrel toward electrode holder and tighten set screw to secure
barrel in place.
Installing Work Cable onto Work
Clamp
7
8
9
Work Clamp
Work Cable From Unit (Has
Ring Terminal on End)
Mounting Bolt
Route work cable through work
clamp as shown and install onto
mounting bolt using supplied hardware.
8
Tools Needed:
7
1/2 in
9
1/4 in
ST-802 251 / ST802 105-C
3-6. Weld Output Cables
NOTE
OM-316 Page 14
For weld output cable replacements or extensions, contact your Factory
Authorized Service Agent.
Return To Table Of Contents
3-7. Electrical Service Guide
Input Voltage
115
220
230
400
460
Input Amperes At Rated Output
95
[70]
47.5
[67]
[39]
23.7
[34]
Max Recommended Standard Fuse Or Circuit Breaker Rating
In Amperes
150
[110]
70
[100]
[60]
35
[50]
8
[8]
12
[10]
[14]
14
[14]
32 (10)
[75 (23)]
87 (26)
[82 (25)]
[101
(31)]
138 (42)
[87 (27)]
8
[8]
12 [10]
[14]
14
[14]
Min Input Conductor Size In AWG/Kcmil
Max Recommended Input Conductor Length In Feet (Meters)
Min Grounding Conductor Size In AWG/Kcmil
[ ] Electrical Service Requirements For 300/200 AC/DC And 300 AC Models
Reference: 1997 National Electrical Code (NEC)
Ref. S-0092-J
Return To Table Of Contents
OM-316 Page 15
3-8. Internal Connections For Operating 115/230 Volts, 225 Amperes AC
And AC/DC Models From 115 Volts
NOTE
Follow applicable electrical codes and have a competent electrician make internal
connections. Note the input amperes as stated in Section 3-7.
1
Power Switch
S1 Terminals
2
4
1
3
230V Connection
6
115V Connection
To Fan
6
2
To Fan
To Fan
To Fan
3
7
2
3
11
2
4
8
8
5
5
10
4
Tools Needed:
5/16, 3/8 in
9
(cut tie wraps)
7/16 in
Ref. 802 247-E
Y Turn Off unit and disconnect input
power.
1 Wrapper
Remove wrapper.
2 Jumper Leads
Cut tie wrap securing jumper leads to power
cord lead and remove jumper leads.
3 Lead 2
4 Lead 3
Remove insulated sleeving, and disconnect
lead 2 from lead 3.
5 Lead 4
6 Power Switch S1 (As Viewed From
Rear Of Switch)
Disconnect lead 4 from terminal 2 on S1.
Connect lead 3 and one end of jumper lead to
terminal 2.
Connect other end of jumper lead to terminal
OM-316 Page 16
4 on S1. Be sure existing connection to that
terminal remains.
7 230 V Input Power Cord Black Leads
8 Green Ground Lead (On Rear Panel)
Disconnect input power cord black leads from
S1, and disconnect green ground lead from
ground terminal on rear panel.
9 Input Power Cord Strain Relief
Loosen strain relief, and remove 230 volt input power cord.
Obtain correct size and length 115 volt input
power cord (see Section 3-7). Install correct
size ring terminals to cord leads.
Route cord through strain relief, and connect
green lead to ground terminal.
. To
install large power cords, remove
knock-out located on lower rear panel of
unit, insert power cord, and install plug
into original power cord hole.
Return To Table Of Contents
Y Make sure paint has been removed
from area where ground terminal is
secured on unit.
10 115 V Input Power Cord White Lead
Connect lead 2, lead 4, and white input power
cord lead together, and secure with existing
hardware. Reinstall insulated sleeving.
11 115 V Input Power Cord Black Lead
Connect black input power cord lead and
jumper lead to terminal 3 on S1.
Connect other end of jumper lead to terminal
1 on S1.
Use tie-wraps to secure all leads away from
transformer, stabilizer and fan. Be sure leads
are clear of movable shunt.
Tighten strain relief, and install wrapper.
Connect input power according to Section
3-10.
3-9. Internal Connections For Operating 230/400 Volts, 300/200 Amperes AC/DC Or 300
Amperes AC Models From 230 Volts
NOTE
Follow applicable electrical codes and have a competent electrician make internal
connections. Note the input amperes as stated in Section 3-7.
Y Turn Off unit and disconnect
input power.
4
1
2
3
4
Primary Coil Lead 4
Lead 4 Insulation Sleeving
Power Switch Lead 4
Lead Connection Hardware
Slide Sleeving down, and disconnect one lead 4 from the other. Remove sleeving.
5
6
Fan Motor (FM) Lead 2
Lead 2 Insulation Sleeving
Disconnect fan motor lead 2 at fan
motor, and remove sleeving.
Take lead 2 sleeving and secure it
over the end of primary coil lead 4.
Replace lead 2 sleeving with lead 4
sleeving.
7
3
2
1
6
Primary Coil Lead 2
Slide sleeving out of the way, and
connect power switch Lead 4 to primary coil lead 2, and secure with
existing hardware. Secure sleeving
over connection.
Connect fan motor lead 2 back onto
fan motor.
5
Reinstall wrapper.
7
Connected For 400 Volts
6
3
2
5
Tools Needed:
5/16, 3/8 in
7
(cut tie wraps)
Connected For 230 Volts
Ref. ST-802 247-D
Return To Table Of Contents
OM-316 Page 17
3-10. Connecting Input Power
Y Disconnect and lockout/tagout input power before connecting input conductors
from unit.
Y Have only qualified persons
make this installation. See
rating label in Section 3-4, and
be sure to supply correct input power.
1
2
Line Disconnect Device
Input And Grounding
Conductors For Models Not
Supplied With Plug
See Section 3-7 for conductor and
fuse size and ratings. Size and
ratings must comply with applicable
codes.
3
4
Plug
Proper Receptacle
(User-Supplied)
1
L2
L1
Y Always connect
grounding
conductor first. GND/PE
2
Install conductors into a deenergized line
disconnect device.
4
3
ST-802 246
OM-316 Page 18
Return To Table Of Contents
SECTION 4 − OPERATION
4-1. Controls
A. Controls For AC/DC Models
1
2
3
Amperage Adjustment Control
Power Switch
Mode Switch
For DC Weld Output
Use mode switch to select polarity
of dc output, Electrode Positive/DCEP (+),or Electrode Negative/DCEN (−).
For AC Weld Output
Use mode switch to select ac low
range or high range output.
3
2
1
Ref. ST-190 600-B / ST-802 105-C
Return To Table Of Contents
OM-316 Page 19
B. Controls For AC Models
1
2
3
Amperage Adjustment Control
Power Switch
Mode Switch
Use mode switch to select ac low
range or high range output.
3
2
1
Ref. ST-190 599-A / ST-802 105-C
OM-316 Page 20
Return To Table Of Contents
SECTION 5 − MAINTENANCE & TROUBLESHOOTING
5-1. Routine Maintenance
Y Disconnect power before maintaining.
3 Months
Repair Or
Replace
Cracked
Cables
Replace
Unreadable
Labels
6 Months
12 Months
Blow Out Or Vacuum
Inside,
During Heavy Service,
Clean Monthly
OR
Lubricate Shunt Block
(See Section 5-2)
5-2. Lubricating Shunt Block And Anti-Noise Adjustment
Y Turn Off welding power
source and disconnect input
power.
1
Wrapper
Remove wrapper.
2
Shunt Block
. Do not grease screw threads
1
on shunt block.
Apply light coating of high-temperature grease to shaded areas of both
shunt blocks. Turn amperage control handle to spread grease evenly.
3
Noise Adjustment Screws
If shunt block vibrates and
becomes noisy, tighten adjustment
screws 1/4 turn. Install wrapper,
turn On unit, and check for shunt
noise. Repeat procedure until noise
stops. Do not overtighten. Call your
nearest Factory Authorized Service Agent if noise continues.
2
2
3
Y Install
wrapper
turning On power.
before
Tools Needed:
1/2 in
5/16 in
ST-802 248-C
Return To Table Of Contents
OM-316 Page 21
5-3. Reinstalling Amperage Adjustment Indicator
Y Turn Off welding power
source and disconnect input
power.
1
1
Wrapper
Remove wrapper from unit.
2
3
4
Insert crank handle onto shunt
shaft protruding through front panel
and turn crank handle to adjust
shunt to the proper vale of “X”, depending on model (see detail of
transformer and shunt.
5
6
2
3
7
Crank Handle
Shunt Shaft
Transformer And Shunt
(Located Inside Unit)
Remove crank handle.
5
Pinion Gear
Install pinion gear onto front panel
making sure anti-rotation pins are in
holes on front panel.
6
Pointer Gear
Install pointer gear overtop of pinion
gear and rotate so pointer is indicating 130 Amps on ac Low Range
scale (see example).
4
Install crank handle overtop the stator/pinion gear assembly with the
handle straight down. It may be
necessary to turn the handle slightly so vertical alignment is possible.
For 225 A models, X = 2−1/2 in
For 300 A models, X = 2−3/8 in
X
7
Securing Screw
Install securing screw through handle, into threaded hole in shunt
shaft. Tighten securely.
3
Reinstall wrapper.
Viewed from right side of unit.
Proper alignment of pointer and crank handle.
Tools Needed:
T-20 Torx
5/16 in
OM-316 Page 22
Return To Table Of Contents
ST-802 248-C
5-4. Troubleshooting
Trouble
No weld output; fan does not run.
Remedy
Be sure line disconnect switch is in On position (see Section 3-10).
Check and replace line fuses if open. Reset breakers if necessary (see Section 3-10).
Fan does not run; weld output okay.
Be sure nothing is blocking movement of fan. If fan does not run freely, replace fan motor.
Erratic weld current.
Clean and tighten all weld cable connections.
Erratic arc with excessive spatter.
Use dry, properly stored electrodes.
Shorten arc length.
Reduce amperage setting (see Section 4-1).
Electrode freezing to work.
Increase amperage setting (see Section 4-1).
Increase arc length.
Use dry, properly stored electrodes.
Noise and vibration from shunt block.
Lubricate shunt block and/or tighten adjustment screws (see Section 5-2).
Return To Table Of Contents
OM-316 Page 23
SECTION 6 − ELECTRICAL DIAGRAMS
SA-191 364
Figure 6-1. Circuit Diagram For AC/DC (230 Volts) Models
SA-191 365
Figure 6-2. Circuit Diagram For AC/DC (460 Volts) Models
OM-316 Page 24
Return To Table Of Contents
NEUTRAL
(WHT)
S1
CONNECTED FOR 115 VOLTS
CONNECTED FOR 230 VOLTS
LINE
(BLK)
S1
GRN
GRN
FM
1 PRI 2
PLG1
3
S1
4
FM
1 PRI 2
PLG1
T1
3
4
T1
SR1
SEC
R
Z1
S2
SA-191 363-A
WORK
ELECTRODE
Figure 6-3. Circuit Diagram For AC/DC (115/230 Volts) Models
S1
220
VOLT
ONLY
FM
GRN
PRI
SR1
T1
POWER
CORD
SEC
S.O.P.
S.O.P.
R
Z1
S2
WORK
ELECTRODE
SA-191 368
Figure 6-4. Circuit Diagram For 300/200 AC/DC (220 Volts) Models
Return To Table Of Contents
OM-316 Page 25
S1
CONNECTED FOR 400 VOLTS
CONNECTED FOR 230 VOLTS
230V
GRN
FM
POWER
CORD
1 PRI 2 3
FM
1 PRI 2 3
4
4
T1
T1
SR1
SEC
R
Z1
S2
WORK
ELECTRODE
Figure 6-5. Circuit Diagram For 300/200 AC/DC (230/400 Volts) Models
SA-191 369
S1
460
VOLT
ONLY
230V
FM
GRN
PRI
POWER
CORD
SR1
T1
SEC
S.O.P.
S.O.P.
R
Z1
S2
WORK
ELECTRODE
SA-191 370
Figure 6-6. Circuit Diagram For 300/200 AC/DC (460 Volts) Model
OM-316 Page 26
Return To Table Of Contents
S1
230
VOLT
ONLY
FM
GRN
PRI
T1
PLG1
SEC
AC HIGH
S2
AC LOW
WORK
ELECTRODE
SA-191 362
Figure 6-7. Circuit Diagram For 225 (230 Volts) Models
S1
CONNECTED FOR 230 VOLTS
NEUTRAL
CONNECTED FOR 115 VOLTS
(WHT)
LINE
(BLK)
S1
S1
GRN
GRN
FM
FM
PLG1
PLG1
1 PRI2
3
1 PRI2
4
3
4
T1
T1
SEC
S2
WORK
ELECTRODE
SA-191 361-A
Figure 6-8. Circuit Diagram For 225 (115/230 Volts) Models
Return To Table Of Contents
OM-316 Page 27
S1
220
VOLT
ONLY
FM
GRN
PRI
T1
POWER
CORD
S.O.P.
SEC
AC HIGH
S2
AC LOW
WORK
ELECTRODE
SA-191 366
Figure 6-9. Circuit Diagram For 300 (220 Volts) Models
S1
CONNECTED FOR 400 VOLTS
CONNECTED FOR 230 VOLTS
230V
GRN
FM
POWER
CORD
1
FM
PRI 2
3
4
1
PRI 2
3
4
T1
T1
SEC
S2
WORK
ELECTRODE
Figure 6-10. Circuit Diagram For 300 (230/400 Volts) Models
OM-316 Page 28
Return To Table Of Contents
SA-191 367
SECTION 7 − WELDING METHODS & TROUBLESHOOTING
mod5.1* 9/92
A. Welding Methods
7-1. Shielded Metal Arc Welding (SMAW) Procedure
5
4
2
3
6
1
7
Tools Needed:
ST-151 593
1
5
Electrode Holder Position
Make sure workpiece is clean before welding.
Workpiece
6
Arc Length
2
Arc length is the distance from the electrode to the workpiece. A
short arc with correct amperage will give a sharp, crackling sound.
Work Clamp
Place as close to the weld as possible.
3
Electrode
A small diameter electrode requires less current than a large one.
Follow recommendations of electrode manufacturer when setting
weld amperage (see 7-2).
4
Insulated Electrode Holder
Y Welding current starts as soon as electrode touches the
workpiece.
7
Slag
Use a chipping hammer and wire brush to remove slag. Remove
slag and check weld bead before making another weld pass.
Return To Table Of Contents
OM-316 Page 29
Ni-Cl
450
400
350
300
AMPERAGE
RANGE
250
200
150
100
50
ELECTRODE
308L
USAGE
7024
PENETRATION
7018
POSITION
7014
AC
6013
3/32
1/8
5/32
3/16
7/32
1/4
1/16
5/64
3/32
1/8
5/32
3/16
7/32
1/4
3/32
1/8
5/32
3/16
7/32
1/4
3/32
1/8
5/32
3/16
7/32
1/4
3/32
1/8
5/32
3/16
7/32
1/4
3/32
1/8
5/32
3/16
3/32
1/8
5/32
DC*
6010
&
6011
DIAMETER
ELECTRODE
7-2. Electrode And Amperage Selection Chart
6010
EP
ALL
6011
EP
ALL
DEEP MIN. PREP, ROUGH
HIGH SPATTER
DEEP
6013
EP,EN
ALL
LOW
GENERAL
SMOOTH, EASY,
FAST
LOW HYDROGEN,
STRONG
7014
EP,EN
ALL
MED
7018
EP
ALL
LOW
7024
EP,EN
NI-CL
EP
FLAT
HORIZ
FILLET
ALL
308L
EP
ALL
LOW
SMOOTH, EASY,
FASTER
LOW
CAST IRON
LOW
STAINLESS
*EP = ELECTRODE POSITIVE (REVERSE POLARITY)
EN = ELECTRODE NEGATIVE (STRAIGHT POLARITY)
Ref. ST-087 985-A
OM-316 Page 30
Return To Table Of Contents
7-3. Striking An Arc
Scratch Start Technique
1
2
1
Electrode
2
Workpiece
3
Arc
Drag electrode across workpiece
like striking a match; lift electrode
slightly after touching work. If arc
goes out electrode was lifted to
high. If electrode sticks to workpiece, use a quick twist to free it.
3
Tap Start Technique
1
2
Bring electrode straight down to
workpiece; then lift slightly to start
arc. If arc goes out, electrode was
lifted too high. If electrode sticks to
workpiece, use a quick twist to free
it.
3
S-0049 / S-0050
7-4. Positioning The Electrode Holder
10°−30°
90°
Groove Welds
90°
End View Of Work Angle
Side View Of Electrode Angle
Fillet Welds
45°
10°−30°
45°
End View Of Work Angle
Side View Of Electrode Angle
S-0660
Return To Table Of Contents
OM-316 Page 31
7-5. Weld Bead Characteristics
Poor Weld Bead
1
2
4
3
1
Large Spatter Deposits
2
Rough, Uneven Bead
3
Slight Crater During Welding
4
Bad Overlap
5
Poor Penetration
5
S-0053-A
Good Weld Bead
1
Fine Spatter
2
Uniform Bead
3
Moderate Crater During
Welding
Weld a new bead or layer for each
1/8 in (3.2 mm) thickness in metals
being welded.
1
5
2
4
3
4
No Overlap
5
Good Penetration Into Base
Metal
Ref. S-0052-B
7-6. Conditions That Affect Weld Bead Shape
Electrode Angle
Angle Too Small
Correct Angle
10°
Angle Too Large
- 30°
Drag
Arc Length
Spatter
Too Short
Normal
Too Long
Travel Speed
Slow
Normal
Fast
S-0061
OM-316 Page 32
Return To Table Of Contents
7-7. Electrode Movement During Welding
1
1
Stringer Bead − Steady Movement Along Seam
2
Weave Bead − Side To Side
Movement Along Seam
3
Weave Patterns
2
Use weave patterns to cover a wide
area in one pass of the electrode.
Do not let weave width exceed
2-1/2 times diameter of electrode.
.A
single stringer bead is
satisfactory for most narrow
groove weld joints. For wide
groove weld joints or bridging
across gaps, a weave bead
works better.
3
S-0054-A
7-8. Butt Joints
1
2
2
1/16 in
(1.6 mm)
1
Tack Welds
Prevent edges of joint from drawing
together ahead of electrode by tack
welding the materials in position before final weld.
3
30°
Square Groove Weld
Good for materials up to 3/16 in (5
mm) thick.
3
Single V-Groove Weld
Good for materials 3/16 through 3/4
in (5-19 mm) thick. Cut bevel with
oxyacetylene or plasma cutting
equipment. Remove scale from
material after cutting. A grinder can
also be used to prepare bevels.
Create 30 degree angle of bevel on
materials in V-groove welding.
4
4
Double V-Groove Weld
Good for materials thicker than 3/16
in (5 mm).
S-0662
Return To Table Of Contents
OM-316 Page 33
7-9. Lap Joints
30° Or Less
30° Or Less
1
Electrode
2
Single-Layer Fillet Weld
Move electrode in circular motion.
3
1
2
Multi-Layer Fillet Weld
Weld a second layer when a larger
fillet is needed. Remove slag before
making another weld pass. Weld
both sides of joint for maximum
strength.
1
3
Single-Layer Fillet Weld
Multi-Layer Fillet Weld
S-0063 / S-0064
7-10. Tee Joints
1
Electrode
Fillet Weld
Keep arc short and move at definite
rate of speed. Hold electrode as
shown to provide fusion into the
corner. Square edge of the weld
surface.
1
45°
Or Less
2
1
2
For maximum strength weld both
sides of upright section.
3
2
3
Multi-Layer Deposits
Weld a second layer or more when
a larger fillet is needed. Use any of
the weaving patterns shown in Section 7-7. Remove slag before making another weld pass.
S-0069 / S-0058-A / S-0061
B. Welding Troubleshooting
Table 6-1. Porosity
Porosity − small cavities or holes resulting
from gas pockets in weld metal.
Possible Causes
Corrective Actions
Arc length too long.
Reduce arc length.
Damp electrode.
Use dry electrode.
Workpiece dirty.
Remove all grease, oil, moisture, rust, paint, coatings, slag, and dirt from work surface before
welding.
OM-316 Page 34
Return To Table Of Contents
Table 6-2. Excessive Spatter
Excessive Spatter − scattering of molten
metal particles that cool to solid form near
weld bead.
Possible Causes
Corrective Actions
Amperage too high for electrode.
Decrease amperage or select larger electrode.
Arc length too long or voltage too high
Reduce arc length or voltage.
Table 6-3. Incomplete Fusion
Incomplete Fusion − failure of weld metal
to fuse completely with base metal or a
preceeding weld bead.
Possible Causes
Corrective Actions
Insufficient heat input.
Increase amperage. Select larger electrode and increase amperage.
Improper welding technique.
Place stringer bead in proper location(s) at joint during welding.
Adjust work angle or widen groove to access bottom during welding.
Momentarily hold arc on groove side walls when using weaving technique.
Keep arc on leading edge of weld puddle.
Workpiece dirty.
Remove all grease, oil, moisture, rust, paint, coatings, slag, and dirt from work surface before
welding.
Table 6-4. Lack Of Penetration
Lack Of Penetration − shallow fusion between weld metal and base metal.
Lack of Penetration
Good Penetration
Possible Causes
Corrective Actions
Improper joint preparation.
Material too thick. Joint preparation and design must provide access to bottom of groove.
Improper weld technique.
Keep arc on leading edge of weld puddle.
Insufficient heat input.
Increase amperage. Select larger electrode and increase amperage.
Reduce travel speed.
Return To Table Of Contents
OM-316 Page 35
Table 6-5. Excessive Penetration
Excessive Penetration − weld metal melting through base metal and hanging underneath weld.
Excessive Penetration
Good Penetration
Possible Causes
Excessive heat input.
Corrective Actions
Select lower amperage. Use smaller electrode.
Increase and/or maintain steady travel speed.
Table 6-6. Burn-Through
Burn-Through − weld metal melting completely through base metal resulting in
holes where no metal remains.
Possible Causes
Excessive heat input.
Corrective Actions
Select lower amperage. Use smaller electrode with lower amperage.
Increase and/or maintain steady travel speed.
Table 6-7. Waviness Of Bead
Waviness Of Bead − weld metal that is not
parallel and does not cover joint formed by
base metal.
Possible Causes
Unsteady hand.
Corrective Actions
Use two hands. Practice technique.
Table 6-8. Distortion
Distortion − contraction of weld metal during welding that forces base metal to
move.
Base metal moves
in the direction of
the weld bead.
Possible Causes
Excessive heat input.
Corrective Actions
Use restraint (clamp) to hold base metal in position.
Make tack welds along joint before starting welding operation.
Select lower amperage for electrode.
Increase travel speed.
Weld in small segments and allow cooling between welds.
OM-316 Page 36
Return To Table Of Contents
Notes
Return To Table Of Contents
OM-316 Page 37
SECTION 8 − PARTS LIST
. Hardware is common and
31
not available unless listed.
SA-802 245-E
Figure 8-1. Main Assembly (AC/DC model illustrated)
OM-316 Page 38
Return To Table Of Contents
Item
No.
Dia.
Mkgs.
Part
No.
Description
Quantity
Figure 8-1. Main Assembly
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
1 . . . . . . . . . . . 134 464 . . LABEL, gen precautionary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2 . . . . . . . . . . . 210 309 . . WRAPPER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3 . . . . S2 . . . 190 079 . . SWITCH, secondary 2-position (AC 225 model) & (AC 300 model) . . . . . . . .
3 . . . . S2 . . . 190 080 . . SWITCH, secondary 4-position (AC/DC 225 model) & (AC/DC 300 model) . .
4 . . . . . . . . . . . 190 977 . . BUS BAR, jumper (AC/DC 225 model) & (AC/DC 300 model) . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5 . . . . . . . . . . . 190 978 . . BUS BAR, jumper (AC/DC 225 model) & (AC/DC 300 model) . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6 . . . . . . . . . . . 191 122 . . BRACKET, base reinforcing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7 . . . . T1 . . . 190 170 . . TRANSFORMER & SHUNT, (230V 225A model) (consisting of) . . . . . . . . . . .
7 . . . . T1 . . . 192 467 . . TRANSFORMER & SHUNT, (460V 225A model) (consisting of) . . . . . . . . . . .
7 . . . . T1 . . . 192 468 . . TRANSFORMER & SHUNT, (115/230V 225A model) (consisting of) . . . . . . .
7 . . . . T1 . . . 192 179 . . TRANSFORMER & SHUNT, (220V 300A AC/DC model) (consisting of) . . . .
7 . . . . T1 . . . 192 317 . . TRANSFORMER & SHUNT, (220V 300A AC model) (consisting of) . . . . . . . .
7 . . . . T1 . . . 192 326 . . TRANSFORMER & SHUNT, (230/400V 300A model) (consisting of) . . . . . . .
7 . . . . T1 . . . 192 469 . . TRANSFORMER & SHUNT, (460V 300A model) (consisting of) . . . . . . . . . . .
8 . . . . . . . . . . . 190 242 . . . SCREW, lead shunt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
9 . . . . . . . . . . . 190 150 . . . SHUNT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
10 . . . . . . . . . . 147 907 . . . SCREW, 5/16-18 x 1.75 w/loctite . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
11 . . . . . . . . . . 080 522 . . . BLOCK, anti-noise shunt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
12 . . . Z1 . . . 190 145 . . STABILIZER, (AC/DC 225A model) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
12 . . . Z1 . . . 192 177 . . STABILIZER, (AC/DC 300A model) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
13 . . SR1 . . 190 303 . . RECTIFIER, (AC/DC 225A model) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
13 . . SR1 . . 190 965 . . RECTIFIER, (AC/DC 300A model) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
14 . . . S1 . . . 124 511 . . SWITCH, (all 225A models) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
14 . . . S1 . . . 045 834 . . SWITCH, (all 300A models) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
15 . . . . . . . . . . 190 086 . . CASE SECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
16 . PLG1 . . 088 297 . . CORD SET (230V 225A model) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
16 . . . . . . . . . . 071 906 . . CABLE (460V 225A model) & (115/230V 225A model) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
16 . . . . . . . . . . 204 141 . . CABLE (all 300A models) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
17 . . . . . . . . . . 111 443 . . BUSHING, strain relief (230V 225A model) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
17 . . . . . . . . . . 604 102 . . CONNECTOR (all 300A models), (460V 225A model) & (115/230V model) .
18 . . . . . . . . . . 185 759 . . LABEL, warning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
19 . . . FM . . . 190 234 . . MOTOR, fan (all models except 115/230V) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
19 . . . FM . . . 191 864 . . MOTOR, fan (115/230V models) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
20 . . . . . . . . . . 005 656 . . BLADE, fan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
21 . . . . . . . . . . 190 599 . . PANEL, output (AC 225A) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
21 . . . . . . . . . . 190 600 . . PANEL, output (AC/DC 225A) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
21 . . . . . . . . . . 192 119 . . PANEL, output (AC 300A) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
21 . . . . . . . . . . 192 120 . . PANEL, output (AC/DC 300A) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
22 . . . . . . . . . . 190 296 . . GEAR, pinion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
23 . . . . . . . . . . 190 295 . . GEAR, pointer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
24 . . . . . . . . . . 190 241 . . HANDLE, control current . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
25 . . . . . . . . . . 190 538 . . LEAD LIST . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
26 . . . . . . . . . . 190 584 . . KIT, electrode holder & gnd clamp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
27 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . LABEL, brand (order by model & serial no.) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
28 . . . . . . . . . . 207 074 . . HANDLE, switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
29 . . . . . . . . . . 190 243 . . CLAMP, weld cable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
30 . . . . . . . . . . 494 907 . . SCREW, K50 x 20 pan hd-trx stl pld thread forming . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
31 . . . . . . . . . . 216 361 . . LABEL, electrode/amperage selector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1
1
1
1
2
1
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
4
4
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
1
1
Note: “225A model” and “300A model” refers to the AC output rating of the AC/DC and the AC only machines.
To maintain the factory original performance of your equipment, use only Manufacturer’s Suggested
Replacement Parts. Model and serial number required when ordering parts from your local distributor.
Return To Table Of Contents
OM-316 Page 39
Notes
OM-316 Page 40
Return To Table Of Contents
Effective January 1, 2003
(Equipment with a serial number preface of “LC” or newer)
This limited warranty supersedes all previous Miller warranties and is exclusive with no other
guarantees or warranties expressed or implied.
Warranty Questions?
Call
1-800-4-A-MILLER
for your local
Miller distributor.
LIMITED WARRANTY − Subject to the terms and conditions
below, Miller Electric Mfg. Co., Appleton, Wisconsin, warrants
to its original retail purchaser that new Miller equipment sold
after the effective date of this limited warranty is free of defects
in material and workmanship at the time it is shipped by Miller.
THIS WARRANTY IS EXPRESSLY IN LIEU OF ALL OTHER
WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING THE
WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS.
Your distributor also gives
you ...
Within the warranty periods listed below, Miller will repair or
replace any warranted parts or components that fail due to
such defects in material or workmanship. Miller must be
notified in writing within thirty (30) days of such defect or
failure, at which time Miller will provide instructions on the
warranty claim procedures to be followed.
Service
You always get the fast,
reliable response you
need. Most replacement
parts can be in your
hands in 24 hours.
Support
Need fast answers to the
tough welding questions?
Contact your distributor.
The expertise of the
distributor and Miller is
there to help you, every
step of the way.
Miller shall honor warranty claims on warranted equipment
listed below in the event of such a failure within the warranty
time periods. All warranty time periods start on the date that
the equipment was delivered to the original retail purchaser, or
one year after the equipment is sent to a North American
distributor or eighteen months after the equipment is sent to an
International distributor.
1.
5 Years Parts — 3 Years Labor
*
*
2.
3 Years — Parts and Labor
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
3.
Original main power rectifiers
Inverters (input and output rectifiers only)
Transformer/Rectifier Power Sources
Plasma Arc Cutting Power Sources
Semi-Automatic and Automatic Wire Feeders
Inverter Power Supplies
Intellitig
Maxstar 150
Engine Driven Welding Generators
(NOTE: Engines are warranted separately by
the engine manufacturer.)
1 Year — Parts and Labor Unless Specified
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
DS-2 Wire Feeder
Motor Driven Guns (w/exception of Spoolmate
Spoolguns)
Process Controllers
Positioners and Controllers
Automatic Motion Devices
RFCS Foot Controls
Induction Heating Power Sources
Water Coolant Systems
Flowgauge and Flowmeter Regulators (No Labor)
HF Units
Grids
Maxstar 85, 140
Spot Welders
Load Banks
Racks
Running Gear/Trailers
Plasma Cutting Torches (except APT & SAF
Models)
Field Options
(NOTE: Field options are covered under True
Blue for the remaining warranty period of the
product they are installed in, or for a minimum of
one year — whichever is greater.)
4.
6 Months — Batteries
5.
90 Days — Parts
*
MIG Guns/TIG Torches
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
Induction Heating Coils and Blankets
APT & SAF Model Plasma Cutting Torches
Remote Controls
Accessory Kits
Replacement Parts (No labor)
Spoolmate Spoolguns
Canvas Covers
Miller’s True Blue Limited Warranty shall not apply to:
1.
Consumable components; such as contact tips,
cutting nozzles, contactors, brushes, slip rings,
relays or parts that fail due to normal wear.
(Exception: brushes, slip rings, and relays are
covered on Bobcat, Trailblazer, and Legend models.)
2.
Items furnished by Miller, but manufactured by others,
such as engines or trade accessories. These items are
covered by the manufacturer’s warranty, if any.
3.
Equipment that has been modified by any party other
than Miller, or equipment that has been improperly
installed, improperly operated or misused based upon
industry standards, or equipment which has not had
reasonable and necessary maintenance, or equipment
which has been used for operation outside of the
specifications for the equipment.
MILLER PRODUCTS ARE INTENDED FOR PURCHASE
AND USE BY COMMERCIAL/INDUSTRIAL USERS AND
PERSONS TRAINED AND EXPERIENCED IN THE USE
AND MAINTENANCE OF WELDING EQUIPMENT.
In the event of a warranty claim covered by this warranty, the
exclusive remedies shall be, at Miller’s option: (1) repair; or (2)
replacement; or, where authorized in writing by Miller in
appropriate cases, (3) the reasonable cost of repair or
replacement at an authorized Miller service station; or (4)
payment of or credit for the purchase price (less reasonable
depreciation based upon actual use) upon return of the goods
at customer’s risk and expense. Miller’s option of repair or
replacement will be F.O.B., Factory at Appleton, Wisconsin, or
F.O.B. at a Miller authorized service facility as determined by
Miller. Therefore no compensation or reimbursement for
transportation costs of any kind will be allowed.
TO THE EXTENT PERMITTED BY LAW, THE REMEDIES
PROVIDED HEREIN ARE THE SOLE AND EXCLUSIVE
REMEDIES. IN NO EVENT SHALL MILLER BE LIABLE FOR
DIRECT, INDIRECT, SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL OR
CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING LOSS OF
PROFIT), WHETHER BASED ON CONTRACT, TORT OR
ANY OTHER LEGAL THEORY.
ANY EXPRESS WARRANTY NOT PROVIDED HEREIN
AND ANY IMPLIED WARRANTY, GUARANTY OR
REPRESENTATION AS TO PERFORMANCE, AND ANY
REMEDY FOR BREACH OF CONTRACT TORT OR ANY
OTHER LEGAL THEORY WHICH, BUT FOR THIS
PROVISION,
MIGHT
ARISE
BY
IMPLICATION,
OPERATION OF LAW, CUSTOM OF TRADE OR COURSE
OF DEALING, INCLUDING ANY IMPLIED WARRANTY OF
MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR PARTICULAR
PURPOSE, WITH RESPECT TO ANY AND ALL
EQUIPMENT FURNISHED BY MILLER IS EXCLUDED AND
DISCLAIMED BY MILLER.
Some states in the U.S.A. do not allow limitations of how long
an implied warranty lasts, or the exclusion of incidental,
indirect, special or consequential damages, so the above
limitation or exclusion may not apply to you. This warranty
provides specific legal rights, and other rights may be
available, but may vary from state to state.
In Canada, legislation in some provinces provides for certain
additional warranties or remedies other than as stated herein,
and to the extent that they may not be waived, the limitations
and exclusions set out above may not apply. This Limited
Warranty provides specific legal rights, and other rights may
be available, but may vary from province to province.
miller_warr 8/03
Owner’s Record
Please complete and retain with your personal records.
Model Name
Serial/Style Number
Purchase Date
(Date which equipment was delivered to original customer.)
Distributor
Address
City
State
Zip
For Service
Call 1-800-4-A-Miller or see our website at www.MillerWelds.com
to locate a DISTRIBUTOR or SERVICE AGENCY near you.
Always provide Model Name and Serial/Style Number.
Contact your Distributor for:
Welding Supplies and Consumables
Options and Accessories
Personal Safety Equipment
Service and Repair
Miller Electric Mfg. Co.
An Illinois Tool Works Company
1635 West Spencer Street
Appleton, WI 54914 USA
Replacement Parts
Training (Schools, Videos, Books)
International Headquarters−USA
USA Phone: 920-735-4505 Auto-Attended
USA & Canada FAX: 920-735-4134
International FAX: 920-735-4125
Technical Manuals (Servicing Information
and Parts)
Circuit Diagrams
European Headquarters −
United Kingdom
Phone: 44 (0) 1204-593493
FAX: 44 (0) 1204-598066
Welding Process Handbooks
www.MillerWelds.com
Contact the Delivering Carrier to:
File a claim for loss or damage during
shipment.
For assistance in filing or settling claims, contact
your distributor and/or equipment manufacturer’s
Transportation Department.
PRINTED IN USA
 2003 Miller Electric Mfg. Co.
1/03
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertising