Bush Hog | Flex-Wing Rotary Cutter | Owners manual | Bush Hog Flex-Wing Rotary Cutter 2820 Flex-Wing Rotary Cutter Owners Manual

Bush Hog Flex-Wing Rotary Cutter 2820 Flex-Wing Rotary Cutter Owners Manual
Revised 11/18
D813 1
D813 2
In order to reduce accidents and enhance the safe operation of mowers, Bush Hog, in cooperation with other
industry manufacturers has developed the AEM/FEMA Industrial and Agricultural Mower Safety Practices video
and guide book.
The video will familiarize and instruct mower-tractor operators in safe practices when using industrial and
agricultural mowing equipment. It is important that Every Mower Operator be educated in the operation of their
mowing equipment and be able to recognize the potential hazards that can occur while operating a mower. This
video, along with the mower operator’s manual and the warning messages on the mower, will significantly assist in
this important education.
Your Authorized Bush Hog Dealer may have shown this video and presented you a DVD Video when you
purchased your mower. If you or any mower operator have not seen this video, Watch the Video, Read this
Operator’s Manual, and Complete the Video Guidebook before operating your new mower. If you do not
understand any of the instructions included in the video or operator’s manual or if you have any questions
concerning safety of operation, contact your supervisor, dealer or Bush Hog.
If you would like a VHS video tape of the video, please mail AEMVideo@alamo-group.com or Fax AEM VHS Video
at (830) 372-9529 or mail in a completed copy of the form on the back of this page to AEM VHS Video 1502 E
Walnut Street, Seguin, TX 78155. and request the VHS video version. Please include your name, mailing address,
mower model and serial number.
Every operator should be trained for each piece of equipment (Tractor and Mower), understand the intended use,
and the potential hazards before operating the equipment.
The information and material listed above along with this Operator’s Manual can assist you in meeting the OSHA
requirement for annual operator training.
OSHA TRAINING REQUIREMENTS
The following training requirements have been taken from Title 29, Code of Federal Regulations Part
1928.57 (a) (6). www.osha.gov
Operator instructions. At the time of initial assignment and at least annually thereafter the employer shall instruct
every employee who operates an agricultural tractor and implements in the safe operating practices and servicing
of equipment with which they are or will be involved, and of any other practices dictated by the work environment.
Bush Hog will provide
one (1) AEM Mower Safety Practices Video
Please Send Me:
VHS Format – AEM/FEMA Mower Operator Safety Video
DVD Format – AEM/FEMA Mower Operator Safety Video
Mower Operator’s Manual
AEM Mower Operator’s Safety Manual
Requester Name:__________________________________Phone:________________________________
Requester Address:_______________________________________________
City:________________________________
State:________________________________
Zip Code:_____________________________
Mower Model:_______________________________Serial Number:__________________________
Date Purchased:______________________________Dealer Salesperson:______________________
Dealership Name:_____________________________Dealership Location:____________________
Mail to:
AEM Video Services
1502 E. Walnut Street
Seguin, TX 78155
Or Fax to:
(830) 372-9529
Or Email to:
AEMVideo@alamo-group.com
To the Owner/Operator/Dealer
This Operator's Manual is an integral part of the safe operation of this machine and must be maintained with the
implement at all times. A Manual canister is provided on the implement where this manual can be properly stored.
If you lose or damage this manual a free replacement manual can be obtained from an authorized Bush Hog dealer
or by down loading the manual from the Bush Hog website www.bushhog.com
BEFORE YOU START! READ, UNDERSTAND, and FOLLOW the information provided in this manual, the AEM
Mower Safety manual and the tractor operator's manual carefully to learn how to operate and service your machine
properly. Failure to do so could result in personal injury to you and bystanders. All implements with moving parts
are potentially hazardous. Every effort has been made to ensure that the machine is safe but operators must avoid
engaging in unsafe practices and follow the written instructions provided. The manufacturer has designed this
implement to be used with all its safety equipment properly attached to minimize the chance of accidents.
SAFETY FIRST. Completely read and understand the safety section of this manual before operating this
equipment. Do not allow anyone to operate this equipment who has not fully read and understood this manual.
Contact your Dealer to explain any instructions that you do not fully understand.
The care you give your Bush Hog Implement will greatly determine your satisfaction with its performance and its
service life. Carefully read and follow the instructions in this manual to provide you with a thorough understanding
of your new implement and its intended use and service requirements.
All references made in this manual to right, left, front, rear, top or bottom are as viewed facing the direction of
forward travel with the implement properly attached to the tractor.
Replacement Parts information is located in a separate Parts Manual. Bush Hog mowers use balanced and
matched system components for blade carriers, blades, cuttershafts, knives, knife hangers, rollers, drivetrain
components, and bearings. These parts are made and tested to Bush Hog specifications. Non-genuine "will fit"
parts do not consistently meet these specifications. The use of "will fit" parts may reduce mower performance, void
warranties, and present a safety hazard. Use genuine Bush Hog mower parts for economy and safety.
For future reference, record your Bush Hog product model number and serial number.
Dealer
Telephone
Model Number
Owner
Purchase Date:
Serial Number
DEALER to CUSTOMER Pre-Delivery/ Operation Instructions
Dealer should inform the Purchaser of this product of Warranty terms, provisions, and procedures that are
applicable.Dealer should inform Purchaser to review the contents of the Operator’s Manual including safety
equipment, safe operation, and maintenance, to review the Safety Signs on the implement (and tractor if possible),
and of Purchaser’s responsibility to train his/her operator's in safe operation procedures.
IMPLEMENTS: I have explained that Deflectors, Chain Guards, or Solid Skirts must be installed and maintained in
good repair.
•
DRIVELINES: I have made certain that all driveline, gearbox, and other shields are in good repair and fastened securely in place to prevent injuries from entanglement or thrown objects.
•
HYDRAULIC MACHINES: I have explained the necessity of using clean hydraulic oil, changing filters as
instructed, stopping leaks, damage caused by operating with over-heated oil, caring for hoses, using hoses of
proper rating, maintaining the specified operating pressure and the potential hazard of oil’s penetrating the
skin.
•
FOLDING-TYPE IMPLEMENTS: I have explained that it is not possible to guard against thrown objects when
the head is lifted off ground and that operator is responsible to watch out for persons in the area. I have
explained that the lifted mower head or boom can contact overhead obstructions with damage to cables and
telephone lines and possible injury. I have explained that the extended head or boom or retracted boom can
contact power lines with resulting electrocution, injury or death and that operator is responsible for keeping
clear of such hazards.
PRE-DELIVERY SERVICE
CHECK AND ADJUST OR LUBRICATE AS REQUIRED
See Operator’s Manual for Details
Inspection Performed - Warranty and Safety Procedures Explained - Installation Complete
LUBRICATION & HYDRAULICS
MOWER TO TRACTOR CONNECTIONS
 Gearbox (Oil Levels)
 Draw Bar Length (Check And Set)
 Hydraulic Oil Level (External Tank)
 A-Frame Pivot & Links
 Tractor Hydraulic Oil Level
 Control Rods (Adjusted Equal)
 Hydraulic Hoses (Not Kinked Tighten Connections)
 Axle Height (Adjusted)
 Front Pump Drive (Assembly Is Tight And Shaft Properly  Cutting Height (Adjust)
Aligned)
 Mount Kit-Pre-Operation Check Complete
 Mower Wing (Adjust Level With The Center)
MOWER
 Mower Wing (Check For Proper Raising Operation)
 Spindle And Motor Bolts Properly Torqued
 C.V. Driveline (Check Max Turn Radius)
 Spindle Oil Level
 Pull Type Hitch (Height Adjustment)
 Blade Carrier Bolts Properly Torqued/Retaining Pin In  Mounting Hardware Properly Torqued
Place
Mower Cutting Height And Level Adjusted
Cutting Shaft Bearings Lubricated
All Hardware Properly Torqued
Tire and Air Pressure/Lug Nuts (Correct Torque)
Wheel Bearings (Check, Grease, and Preload)





ATTACHMENTS & INSTALLATION
 Deflectors Front And Rear
 Shredding Attachments
 Correct Blade Rotation Direction
 Axle Arms And Beams
 Tongue And Control Rods (Installed And Adjusted)
 All Bolts - Pins And Nuts (Proper Torque)
SAFETY ITEMS
 Protective Shields (Operation And Installation)
 Driveline Clutch (Torque Limiter) (Adjust And Run In)
 Safety Decals (Installed)
 Operator’s Manual (Supplied)
 Tractor PTO Shield (Installed)
 S.M.V. Emblem (Installed If Needed)
 Tongue Jack (Installation and Operation)
 Safety Tow Chain (Installed)
 ADMA Driveline Safety Manual Supplied
 AEM Mower Safety Manual (Supplied in Canister)
 AEM Mower Safety Video has been shown to Purchaser
TABLE OF CONTENTS
SAFETY SECTION ......................................................................................... 1-1
GENERAL SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS AND PRACTICES.................................................................................. 1-2
OPERATOR SAFETY ......................................................................................................................................... 1-3
CRUSHING HAZARDS....................................................................................................................................... 1-4
CONNECTING OR DISCONNECTING IMPLEMENT SAFETY ......................................................................... 1-5
THROWN OBJECTS HAZARDS ........................................................................................................................ 1-6
THROWN OBJECTS HAZARD (CONTINUED).................................................................................................. 1-7
RUN OVER HAZARDS ....................................................................................................................................... 1-8
PTO ENTANGLEMENT HAZARDS .................................................................................................................... 1-9
MOWER BLADE CONTACT HAZARDS........................................................................................................... 1-10
HIGH PRESSURE OIL LEAK HAZARD............................................................................................................ 1-11
ELECTRICAL & FIRE HAZARD ....................................................................................................................... 1-12
TRANSPORTING HAZARDS ........................................................................................................................... 1-13
HAZARDS WITH MAINTENANCE OF IMPLEMENT........................................................................................ 1-14
PARTS INFORMATION .................................................................................................................................... 1-16
Decal Location .................................................................................................................................................. 1-17
Decal Description .............................................................................................................................................. 1-18
Federal Laws and Regulations ......................................................................................................................... 1-28
INTRODUCTION SECTION ............................................................................ 2-1
Equipment Specifications.................................................................................................................................... 2-4
KEY OPERATION POINTS ................................................................................................................................ 2-4
ASSEMBLY SECTION.................................................................................... 3-1
DEALER SET-UP INSTRUCTIONS.................................................................................................................... 3-2
ASSEMBLY......................................................................................................................................................... 3-2
Tongue ................................................................................................................................................................ 3-3
Hose Holder ........................................................................................................................................................ 3-3
LINKAGE RODS ................................................................................................................................................. 3-3
TIRES AND WHEELS......................................................................................................................................... 3-4
HYDRAULICS ..................................................................................................................................................... 3-7
DRIVELINE ATTACHMENT TO IMPLEMENT.................................................................................................... 3-8
CV DRIVELINE ................................................................................................................................................... 3-8
CENTER DRIVELINE ......................................................................................................................................... 3-8
WING DRIVELINE .............................................................................................................................................. 3-9
DRIVELINE ATTACHMENT ............................................................................................................................... 3-9
OPERATION SECTION .................................................................................. 4-1
OPERATOR REQUIREMENTS .......................................................................................................................... 4-3
TRACTOR REQUIREMENTS............................................................................................................................. 4-4
ROPS and Seat Belt ........................................................................................................................................... 4-4
Tractor Safety Devices........................................................................................................................................ 4-4
Tractor Horsepower ............................................................................................................................................ 4-5
Drawbar .............................................................................................................................................................. 4-5
Tractor Hydraulics ............................................................................................................................................... 4-5
Front End Weight ................................................................................................................................................ 4-5
Power Take Off (PTO) ........................................................................................................................................ 4-6
Tire Spacing ........................................................................................................................................................ 4-6
GETTING ON AND OFF THE TRACTOR .......................................................................................................... 4-7
Boarding the Tractor ........................................................................................................................................... 4-7
Dismounting the Tractor...................................................................................................................................... 4-7
STARTING THE TRACTOR ............................................................................................................................... 4-8
CONNECTING THE MOWER TO THE TRACTOR ............................................................................................4-9
Connecting Mower Tongue to the Tractor .......................................................................................................... 4-9
Connecting Mower Hydraulic Lines to the Tractor ............................................................................................ 4-10
SETTING THE MOWER ................................................................................................................................... 4-11
Setting Deck Pitch............................................................................................................................................. 4-13
DRIVELINE ATTACHMENT ............................................................................................................................. 4-14
Driveline Length Check ..................................................................................................................................... 4-14
Constant Velocity (CV) Driveline....................................................................................................................... 4-16
PRE-OPERATION INSPECTION AND SERVICE ............................................................................................ 4-17
Tractor Pre-Operation Inspection/Service......................................................................................................... 4-18
Mower Pre-Operation Inspection/Service ......................................................................................................... 4-18
Cutting Component Inspection.......................................................................................................................... 4-22
Blade Bolt Inspection ........................................................................................................................................ 4-24
DRIVING THE TRACTOR AND IMPLEMENT .................................................................................................. 4-27
Starting the Tractor ........................................................................................................................................... 4-28
Brake and Differential Lock Setting................................................................................................................... 4-28
Operating the Mower Wings ............................................................................................................................. 4-28
Transport Position ............................................................................................................................................. 4-29
Operating Position ............................................................................................................................................ 4-29
Driving the Tractor and Cutter........................................................................................................................... 4-30
Crossing Ditches and Steep Inclines ................................................................................................................ 4-31
OPERATING THE TRACTOR AND IMPLEMENT............................................................................................4-32
Foreign Debris Hazards .................................................................................................................................... 4-33
Bystanders/Passersby Precautions .................................................................................................................. 4-33
Engaging the Power Take Off (PTO) ................................................................................................................ 4-34
PTO RPM and Ground Speed .......................................................................................................................... 4-35
Operating the Mower ........................................................................................................................................ 4-35
Right of Way (Highway) Mowing ....................................................................................................................... 4-39
Shutting Down the Implement ........................................................................................................................... 4-40
DISCONNECTING THE MOWER FROM THE TRACTOR .............................................................................. 4-40
MOWER STORAGE ......................................................................................................................................... 4-42
TRANSPORTING THE TRACTOR AND IMPLEMENT .................................................................................... 4-42
Tire and Wheels ................................................................................................................................................ 4-44
Transporting on Public Roadways .................................................................................................................... 4-45
TROUBLE SHOOTING GUIDE ........................................................................................................................ 4-49
MAINTENANCE SECTION ............................................................................. 5-1
HAZARDS WITH MAINTENANCE OF IMPLEMENT..........................................................................................5-2
PARTS INFORMATION ...................................................................................................................................... 5-4
Lubrication .......................................................................................................................................................... 5-5
CENTER & WING GEARBOXES ....................................................................................................................... 5-6
DIVIDER GEARBOX........................................................................................................................................... 5-6
SLIP CLUTCH ADJUSTMENT............................................................................................................................ 5-9
BLADE REMOVAL............................................................................................................................................ 5-11
Blade Bolt Inspection ........................................................................................................................................ 5-12
BLADE HOLDER ASSEMBLY .......................................................................................................................... 5-12
Blade Removal.................................................................................................................................................. 5-11
Installation ......................................................................................................................................................... 5-13
WHEEL HUB ASSEMBLY ................................................................................................................................ 5-13
AXLE ARM SPRING ......................................................................................................................................... 5-13
TONGUE........................................................................................................................................................... 5-14
HIGH PRESSURE OIL LEAK HAZARD............................................................................................................ 5-15
HYDRAULIC HOSES........................................................................................................................................ 5-15
Flex Wing Hydraulic Cylinder Replacement Instructions .................................................................................. 5-16
STORAGE ........................................................................................................................................................ 5-17
PROPER TORQUE FOR FASTENERS ........................................................................................................... 5-18
SAFETY SECTION
Safety Section 1-1
© 2018 Alamo Group Inc.
SAFETY
GENERAL SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS AND PRACTICES
SAFETY
A careful operator is the best operator. Safety is of primary importance to the manufacturer and should be to
the owner/operator. Most accidents can be avoided by being aware of your equipment, your surroundings,
and observing certain precautions. The first section of this manual includes a list of Safety Messages that, if
followed, will help protect the operator and bystanders from injury or death. Read and understand these
Safety Messages before assembling, operating or servicing this implement. This equipment should only be
operated by those persons who have read the manual, who are responsible and trained, and who know how
to do so responsibly.
The Safety Alert Symbol combined with a Signal Word, as seen below, is used throughout this
manual and on decals which are attached to the equipment. The Safety Alert Symbol means:
“ATTENTION! BECOME ALERT! YOUR SAFETY IS INVOLVED!” The Symbol and Signal Word
are intended to warn the owner/operator of impending hazards and the degree of possible injury
faced when operating this equipment.
Practice all usual and customary safe working precautions and above all--remember safety is up to YOU. Only YOU can prevent serious injury or death
from unsafe practices.
Indicates an imminently hazardous situation that, if not avoided, WILL result in DEATH OR
VERY SERIOUS INJURY.
Indicates an imminently hazardous situation that, if not avoided, COULD result in DEATH
OR SERIOUS INJURY.
Indicates an imminently hazardous situation that, if not avoided, MAY result in MINOR
INJURY.
Identifies special instructions or procedures that, if not strictly observed, could result in
damage to, or destruction of the machine, attachments or the environment.
NOTE: Identifies points of particular interest for more efficient and convenient operation or repair.
READ, UNDERSTAND, and FOLLOW the following Safety Messages. Serious injury or
death may occur unless care is taken to follow the warnings and instructions stated in this
Manual and in the Safety Messages on the implement. Always follow the instruction in this
manual and use good common sense to avoid hazards.
Pictographs are used throughout this manual to help bring your visual attention to safety issues.
NOTE: If you want a translation of this safety section in one of the following Languages, please contact:
Translations at 1502 E. Walnut Street Seguin, TX 78155; Fax: (830) 372-9529; Safety Section Translations
are available in Spanish, Portuguese, French, German, Russian. PN GS01
Safety Section 1-2
© 2018 Alamo Group Inc.
SAFETY
OPERATOR SAFETY
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
READ, UNDERSTAND and FOLLOW Operator's Manual instructions, Warnings and Safety Messages.
WEAR SAFETY GLASSES, safety shoes, hard hat, hearing protection and gloves when operating or
repairing equipment
WEAR appropriate breathing respirator when operating in dusty conditions to avoid respiratory diseases.
DO NOT WEAR loose clothing or jewelry to avoid rotating parts entanglement injury.
DO NOT USE DRUGS or ALCOHOL before or while operating equipment.
DO NOT ALLOW anyone to operate equipment under the influence of drug or alcohol.
CONSULT medical professional for medication impairment side effects.
STAY ALERT, prolonged operation can cause fatigue, STOP and REST.
GENERAL OPERATING SAFETY
VISIBILITY CONDITIONS WHEN MOWING:
•
•
OPERATE IN DAYLIGHT or with lights that gives at least 100 yards clear visibility.
BE ABLE TO SEE and identify passersby, steep slopes, ditches, drop-offs, overhead obstructions, power
lines, debris and foreign objects.
GROUND SPEED WHEN MOWING:
•
•
•
NORMAL SPEED range is between 2 to 5mph.
ADJUST MOWING SPEED for terrain conditions and grass type, density and cut height.
REDUCE MOWING SPEED when near steep slopes, ditches, drop-offs, overhead obstructions, power
lines and to avoid debris and foreign objects.
INSECT INFESTATION
•
Do Not operate in areas where bees or insects may attack unless you WEAR PROTECTIVE CLOTHING
or use enclosed tractor cab.
PTO SPEED:
•
•
DO NOT EXCEED IMPLEMENT RATED PTO SPEED
AVOID exceeding rated PTO speeds that may result in broken drivelines or blade failures.
SAFETY SIGNS:
•
REPLACE missing, damaged or unreadable safety signs immediately.
Safety Section 1-3
© 2018 Alamo Group Inc.
PN OS01
SAFETY
TO AVOID SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH DO THE FOLLOWING:
SAFETY
SAFETY
CRUSHING HAZARDS
TO AVOID SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH FROM FALLING OFF TRACTOR, EQUIPMENT RUN OVER,
ROLLOVER AND CRUSHING BY FALLING WING OR IMPLEMENT:
•
•
•
•
•
USE ROPS and SEAT BELT equipped tractors for mowing operations.
KEEP ROPS lock in up position.
ALWAYS BUCKLE UP seat belt when operating tractor and equipment.
ONLY OPERATE tractor and equipment while seated in tractor seat.
IN CASE OF EMERGENCY, shut down tractor engine, disengage the PTO and wait for all rotating motion to stop. Place the tractor
in park position, engage the parking brake and remove the key before leaving the operator’s seat.
WHEN RAISING OR LOWERING WINGS:
•
•
•
•
Raise or lower ONLY WHILE SEATED in tractor seat with seat belt buckled.
Raise or lower ONLY when implement tongue is securely attached to tractor drawbar TO AVOID implement tip over.
KEEP BYSTANDERS CLEAR of area TO AVOID crushing.
KEEP sufficient clearance around implement and wings TO AVOID contacting buildings or overhead power lines.
LIFTED Equipment can fall from mechanical or hydraulic failure or inadvertent Control Lever movement.
TO AVOID EQUIPMENT FALLING while working near or under lifted wings, components and
implements raised by 3-Pointed tractor hitch:
•
•
•
SECURELY SUPPORT or block up raised equipment, wings and components.
BLOCK UP and securely support equipment before putting hands, feet or body under raised equipment or lifted components.
KEEP BYSTANDERS CLEAR of folded wings until wings are blocked or locked up.
WHEN PARKING Implement and Tractor:
•
•
LOWER implement, LOCK or BLOCK lifted parts before leaving equipment.
NEVER leave implement unattended in a raised position.
TO AVOID CHILDREN FALLING OFF OR BEING CRUSHED BY EQUIPMENT:
•
NEVER ALLOW children to play on or around Tractor or Implement.
WHEN UNHITCHING IMPLEMENT:
•
•
•
•
LOWER implement, LOCK or BLOCK lifted parts before leaving equipment.
USE tongue jack to control implement tongue movement.
USE tongue JACK to lift heavy implement tongues.
AVOID overloading jack to prevent jack failure and injury.(Refer to Instructions in Operation Section)
BEFORE REMOVING Wing Retaining Lock:
•
•
•
•
ATTACH hoses to tractor.
FILL Wing Cylinders with oil. (Refer to Instructions in Operation Section)
KEEP bystanders away before operating wings.
LOWER WINGS slowly and carefully. PN CH01
Safety Section 1-4
© 2018 Alamo Group Inc.
SAFETY
CONNECTING OR DISCONNECTING IMPLEMENT SAFETY
WHEN BACKING tractor to implement hitch:
•
DO NOT ALLOW BYSTANDERS between tractor and implement.
BEFORE connecting and disconnecting implement hitch:
•
STOP TRACTOR ENGINE, place transmission into park, engage parking brake and remove key.
WHEN connecting and disconnecting implement hitch:
•
DO NOT crawl or walk under raised mower or wing.
•
USE tongue JACK to lift heavy implement tongues to control implement tongue movement.
•
AVOID overloading jack to prevent jack failure and injury. (Refer to Instructions in Operation Section)
WHEN CONNECTING IMPLEMENT DRIVELINE:
TO AVOID implement driveline coming loose during operation:
•
•
•
LUBRICATE yoke spring locking collar to ensure it freely slides on PTO shaft.
SECURELY seat yoke locking balls in PTO shaft groove.
PUSH and PULL DRIVELINE on both the tractor and implement PTO SHAFTS to ensure it is SECURELY
ATTACHED.
TO AVOID broken driveline during operations:
•
CHECK driveline for proper length between PTO shaft and implement gearbox shaft.(Refer to Instructions in Operation
Section)
•
Drivelines too short can pull apart or disengage.
•
Drivelines too long can bottom out.
•
Bottoming driveline telescoping assembly will stop sliding and become solid.
•
Driveline bottoming can push through support bearings and break off PTO shaft.
CONTACT DEALER if implement driveline does not match Tractor PTO shaft:
•
DO NOT USE PTO ADAPTER.
Using a PTO adapter can cause:
•
Excessive vibration, thrown objects, blade and implement failures by doubling operating speed.
•
Increased working length exposing unshielded driveline areas and entanglement hazards.
BEFORE REMOVING WING RETAINING LOCKS:
•
•
•
•
ATTACH hoses to tractor.
FILL Wing Cylinders with oil. (Refer to Instructions in Operation Section)
KEEP bystanders clear of area before operating wings.
LOWER WINGS slowly and carefully.
DO NOT connect the Mower to a tractor with the PTO directly connected to the Tractor transmission.
Safety Section 1-5
© 2018 Alamo Group Inc.
PN CD01
SAFETY
TO AVOID SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH FROM BEING CRUSHED BY TRACTOR OR
IMPLEMENT:
SAFETY
SAFETY
THROWN OBJECTS HAZARDS
ROTARY MOWERS CAN THROW OBJECTS 300 FEET OR MORE UNDER ADVERSE
CONDITIONS.
TO AVOID SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH TO OPERATOR OR BYSTANDERS FROM THROWN OBJECTS:
•
KEEP bystanders 300 feet away
STOP MOWING IF PASSERSBY ARE WITHIN 300 FEET UNLESS:
•
All THROWN OBJECT SHIELDING including, Front and Rear Deflectors, Chains Guards, Steel Guards, Bands,
Side Skirts and Skid Shoes in place and in good condition when mowing.
•
Mower sections or wing are adjusted to be close and parallel to ground without exposing blades.
•
MOWING AREA has been inspected and foreign materials and debris have been removed.
•
PASSERSBY are inside enclosed vehicle.
INSPECT AREA FOR POTENTIAL THROWN OBJECTS BEFORE MOWING:
•
REMOVE debris, rocks, wire, cable, metal objects and other foreign material from area.
Wire, cable, rope, chains and metal objects can be thrown or swing outside deck with great velocity:
DO NOT allow the mower blades to contact decaying animal carcasses or other hazardous materials. The mower
blades could throw hazardous and biologic material out from under mower exposing the operator and bystanders to
health risks. Always wear required OSHA approved Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) when cleaning or
removing potentially hazardous material from equipment.
1. MARK objects that cannot removed.
2. AVOID these objects when mowing.
HIGH GRASS and WEED AREA INSPECTION:
•
INSPECT for and REMOVE any hidden large debris.
•
MOW at Intermediate height
•
INSPECT and remove remaining debris
•
MOW at final height.
MOWER THROWN OBJECT SHIELDING:
•
KEEP all thrown object shielding including, Front and Rear Deflectors, Chains Guards, Steel Guards, Bands, Side
Skirts and Skid Shoes in place and in good condition when mowing.
•
DO NOT OPERATE with any thrown object shielding missing, damaged or removed.
RIGHT OF WAY (Highway) MOWING
•
USE DOUBLE CHAIN GUARDS for highway, right-of-way, parks or greenbelt mowing or all other mowing where
human dwellings, vehicles, or livestock could be within 300 feet of the mower.
•
No shielding is 100% effective in preventing thrown objects. To Reduce Possibility of Injury:
1. MAINTAIN MOWER SHIELDING, side skirts, skid shoes, and blades in good operational condition,
2. RAISE CUTTING HEIGHT to 6 INCHES minimum,
3. INSPECT AREA thoroughly before mowing to REMOVE potential THROWN OBJECT HAZARDS,
4. NEVER ALLOW BLADES to CONTACT SOLID OBJECTS like wire, rocks, post, curbs, guardrails, or ground
while mowing. PN TO01
Safety Section 1-6
© 2018 Alamo Group Inc.
SAFETY
THROWN OBJECTS HAZARD (CONTINUED)
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DO NOT exceed mower's rated Cutting Capacity or cut non-vegetative material.
•
USE ENCLOSED TRACTOR CABS when two or more mowers are operating in mowing area.
•
Do Not mow in areas where bees or insects may attack unless you WEAR PROTECTIVE CLOTHING or
use enclosed tractor cab.
•
ADJUST mower sections or wing close and parallel to ground without exposing blades.
•
ADJUST cutting HEIGHT to AVOID BLADE CONTACT with solid objects like wire, rocks, posts, curbs,
guardrails and fixed obstructions.
•
DO NOT operate mower when mower wing(s) is raised or in transport position.
•
STOP MOWING immediately if blades strike heavy objects, fixed structures, metal guard rails and
concrete structures. Shut down tractor engine, disengage the PTO and wait for all rotating motion to stop.
Place the tractor in park position, engage the parking brake and remove the key before leaving the
operator’s seat:
•
1. BLADES CAN FAIL from impact and objects can be thrown with great velocity.
2. INSPECT and REPLACE any damaged blades.
3. CHECK blade carrier and REPLACE if damaged.
DO NOT mow in standing water TO AVOID possible BLADE FAILURE.
•
AVOID MOWING in reverse:
•
1. STOP PTO and back up mower.
2. LOWER mower, engage PTO and mow forward.
STOP PTO and BLADES when raising wings or the mower to transport position.
•
DO NOT ENGAGE PTO with mower in transport position.
•
STOP mowing when EXCESSIVE VIBRATION occurs:
1. STOP PTO and tractor ENGINE.
2. INSPECT mower for vibration source.
3. REPLACE any damage parts and bent or damaged BLADES.
Safety Section 1-7
© 2018 Alamo Group Inc.
PN TO01-X
SAFETY
MOWER OPERATION:
SAFETY
SAFETY
RUN OVER HAZARDS
TO AVOID SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH FROM FALLING OFF TRACTOR OR
EQUIPMENT RUN OVER:
•
USE ROPS and SEAT BELT equipped tractors for mowing operations.
•
KEEP ROPS locked in UP position.
•
ONLY start tractor while seated in tractor seat.
•
ALWAYS BUCKLE UP seat belt when operating tractor and equipment.
•
ONLY OPERATE tractor and equipment while seated in tractor seat.
•
NEVER ALLOW RIDERS on tractor or implement.
WHEN MOUNTING AND DISMOUNTING TRACTOR:
•
ONLY mount or dismount when tractor and moving parts are stopped.
•
STOP ENGINE AND PTO, engage parking brake, lower implement, allow all moving parts to stop
and remove key before dismounting from tractor. PN RO01
Safety Section 1-8
© 2018 Alamo Group Inc.
SAFETY
PTO ENTANGLEMENT HAZARDS
STAY AWAY and KEEP hands, feet and body AWAY from rotating blades, drivelines and parts until all moving
elements have stopped.
•
STOP, LOOK and LISTEN before approaching the mower to make sure all rotating motion has stopped.
•
ROTATING COMPONENTS CONTINUE to ROTATE after the PTO is shut off.
PTO SHIELDING:
TO AVOID SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH FROM ENTANGLEMENT WHEN OPERATING IMPLEMENT:
•
KEEP PTO shields, integral driveline shields and input shields installed
•
DO NOT OPERATE mower without shields and guards in place or missing
•
REPAIR OR REPLACE if damage, broken or missing
•
ALWAYS REPLACE GUARDS that have been removed for service or maintenance.
•
Do Not use PTO or PTO guard as a step.
TO AVOID broken driveline during operations:
•
CHECK driveline for proper length between PTO shaft and implement gearbox shaft.(Refer to Instructions in
Operation Section)
•
•
Drivelines too short can pull apart or disengage.
Drivelines too long can bottom out.
Bottoming driveline telescoping assembly will stop sliding and become solid.
•
Driveline bottoming can push through support bearings and break off PTO shaft
•
AVOID sharp turns or lift mower to heights to cause driveline "knocking".
•
Lubricate driveshaft-telescoping components weekly.
CONTACT DEALER if implement driveline does not match Tractor PTO shaft:
•
DO NOT USE PTO ADAPTER.
Using a PTO adapter can cause excessive vibration, thrown objects, blade and implement failures by
doubling operating speed. Increased working length exposing unshielded driveline areas. PN PE01
Safety Section 1-9
© 2018 Alamo Group Inc.
SAFETY
KEEP AWAY FROM ROTATING DRIVELINES AND ELEMENTS TO AVOID SERIOUS INJURY OR
DEATH:
SAFETY
HIGH PRESSURE OIL LEAK HAZARD
•
•
DO NOT OPERATE equipment with oil or fuel leaks.
KEEP all hydraulic hoses, lines and connections in GOOD CONDITION and TIGHT before applying system
pressure.
• RELIEVE HYDRAULIC PRESSURE before disconnecting lines or working on the system.
• REMOVE and replace hose if you suspect it leaks. Have dealer test it for leaks.
HIGH PRESSURE FLUID LEAKS CAN BE INVISIBLE.
WHEN CHECKING FOR HYDRAULIC LEAKS AND WORKING AROUND HYDRAULIC SYSTEMS:
• ALWAYS WEAR safety glasses and impenetrable gloves.
• USE paper or cardboard to search for leaks.
• DO NOT USE hands or body parts to search for leak.
• KEEP hands and body AWAY from pin holes and nozzles ejecting hydraulic fluid.
• Injected Hydraulic fluid may cause gangrene if not surgically removed immediately by a doctor familiar
with this form of injury.
PN HP01
Safety Section 1-11
© 2018 Alamo Group Inc.
SAFETY
TO AVOID SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH FROM HIGH PRESSURE HYDRAULIC OIL
LEAKS PENERATING SKIN:
SAFETY
SAFETY
ELECTRICAL & FIRE HAZARDS
TO AVOID SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH FROM ELECTRICAL CONTACT WHEN
WORKING AROUND ELECTRICAL POWER LINES, GAS LINES AND UTILITY LINES:
•
INSPECT mowing area for overhead or underground electrical power lines, obstructions, gas lines,
cables and Utility, Municipal, or other type structure.
•
KEEP all raised wings at a 10 feet or greater distance from all power lines and overhead obstructions.
•
DO NOT allow mower to contact with any Utility, Municipal, or type of structures and obstructions.
•
CALL 811 and 1-800-258-0808 to identify buried utility lines.
FIRE PREVENTION GUIDELINES while Operating, Servicing, and Repairing Mower and Tractor to
reduce equipment and grass fire Risk:
•
EQUIP Tractor with a FIRE EXTINGUISHER
•
DO NOT OPERATE mower on a tractor equipped with under frame exhaust
•
DO NOT SMOKE or have open flame near Mower or Tractor
•
DO NOT DRIVE into burning debris or freshly burnt area
•
AVOID FIRE IGNITION by not allowing mower blade to contact solid objects like metal or rock.
•
ADJUST SLIP CLUTCHES to avoid excessive slippage and clutch plate heating.
•
CLEAR any grass clippings or debris buildup around mower drivelines, slip clutches, and gearboxes.
•
SHUT OFF ENGINE while refueling.
PN EF01
Safety Section 1-12
© 2018 Alamo Group Inc.
SAFETY
TRANSPORTING HAZARDS
•
KEEP transport speed BELOW 20 mph to maintain control of equipment.
•
REDUCE SPEED on inclines, on turns and in poor towing conditions.
•
DO NOT TOW with trucks or other vehicles.
•
USE only properly sized and equipped tractor for towing equipment.
•
FOLLOW all local traffic regulations.
TRACTOR REQUIREMENTS FOR TOWING OR TRANSPORTING IMPLEMENTS:
•
ONLY TRANSPORT with tractor with ROPS in the raised position.
•
USE properly sized and equipped tractor that exceeds implement weight by at least 20%.
•
KEEP 20% of tractor weight on front wheels to maintain safe steering.
BEFORE TRANSPORTING OR TOWING IMPLEMENT:
TRACTOR INSPECTION:
•
CHECK steering and braking for proper operation and in good condition.
•
CHECK SMV sign, reflectors, stop lights, tail lights and hazard lights for proper operation and visibility behind unit.
•
CHECK that your driving vision is not impaired by tractor, cab, or implement while seated in tractor seat.
•
ADJUST your operating position, mirrors, and implement transport for clear vision for traveling and traffic conditions.
PREPARE IMPLEMENT FOR TRANSPORTING OR TOWING:
ENGAGE TRANSPORT LOCKS AND SAFETY CHAINS:
•
RAISE MOWER and ENGAGE center axle cylinder transport stops or pins.
•
RAISE WINGS and ENGAGE TRANSPORT LOCKS or pins.
•
ATTACH implement SAFETY CHAIN to tractor.
•
REMOVE any cut material collected on mower deck.
DETERMINE STOPPING CHARACTERISTICS OF TRACTOR AND IMPLEMENT FOR TRANSPORTING OR
TOWING:
BRAKING TESTS:
•
INSTALL center axle cylinder transport stops or pins.
•
Observe STOPPING distances increases with increased speeds.
•
DETERMINE the maximum safe transport speed that does not exceed 20 mph.
DETERMINE MAXIMUM TURING SPEED BEFORE OPERATING ON ROADS OR UNEVEN GROUND:
•
TEST equipment in slowly increasing speed in turns to determine it can be operated at higher speeds.
•
USE REDUCED turning speeds in sharp turns to avoid equipment turning over.
WHEN TOWING OR TRANSPORTING EQUIPMENT:
•
Always WEAR SEAT BELT when operating or transporting mower.
•
USE low speeds to avoid overturn with raised wings.
•
USE low speeds and gradual steering on curves, hills, rough or uneven surfaces and on wet roads.
•
TURN ON tractor FLASHING WARNING LIGHTS.
•
ALLOW clearance for implement swing while turning.
KEEP all raised wings at 10 feet or greater distance from all power lines and overhead obstructions. PN TH01
Safety Section 1-13
© 2018 Alamo Group Inc.
SAFETY
TO AVOID SERIOUS INJURY AND DEATH WHEN TOWING OR TRANSPORTING EQUIPMENT:
SAFETY
SAFETY
HAZARDS WITH MAINTENANCE OF IMPLEMENT
AVOID SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH FROM COMPONENT FAILURE BY KEEPING
IMPLEMENT IN GOOD OPERATING CONDITION IN PERFORMING PROPER
SERVICE, REPAIRS AND MAINTENANCE.
BEFORE PERFORMING SERVICE, REPAIRS AND MAINTENANCE ON THE IMPLEMENT:
SECURE EQUIPMENT FOR SERVICE
BLOCK OUT POTENTIAL ENERGY HAZARDS; Rotating Parts, Raised Components, Hydraulic
Pressure.
• STOP ENGINE AND PTO, engage parking brake, lower implement, allow all moving parts to stop and
remove key before dismounting from tractor.
• PLACE implement on ground or securely block up raised equipment. Use large blocks on soft or wet soil.
• SECURELY LATCH and LOCK raised implement wings.
• BLOCK UP IMPLEMENT TONGUE with large blocks and tongue jack. DO NOT crawl or work under
implement supported only by tongue jack.
• PUSH and PULL Remote Hydraulic Cylinder lever to relieve hydraulic pressure.
• DISCONNECT IMPLEMENT Hydraulic HOSES from tractor.
• DISCONNECT IMPLEMENT driveline from tractor PTO SHAFT.
WEAR SAFETY GLASSES, PROTECTIVE GLOVES and follow SAFETY PROCEDURES when
performing service, repairs and maintenance on the implement:
• Always WEAR protective GLOVES when handling blades, knives, cutting edges or worn component with
sharp edges.
• Always WEAR GLOVES and SAFETY GLASSES when servicing hot components.
• AVOID CONTACT with hot hydraulic oil tanks, pumps, motors, valves and hose connection surfaces.
• SECURELY support or BLOCK UP raised implement, framework and lifted components before working
underneath equipment.
• STOP any implement movements and SHUT-OFF TRACTOR engine before doing any work procedures.
• USE ladder or raised stands to reach high equipment areas inaccessible from ground.
• ENSURE good footing by standing on solid flat surfaces when getting on implement to perform work.
• FOLLOW manufacturer's instructions in handling oils, solvents, cleansers, and other chemical agents.
• DO NOT change any factory-set hydraulic calibrations to avoid component or equipment failures.
• DO NOT modify or alter implement, functions or components.
• DO NOT WELD or repair rotating mower components. These may cause vibrations and component
failures being thrown from mower. PN HM02
Safety Section 1-14
© 2018 Alamo Group Inc.
SAFETY
HAZARDS WITH MAINTENANCE OF IMPLEMENT CONTINUED
PERFORM SERVICE, REPAIRS, LUBRICATION AND MAINTENANCE OUTLINED IN IMPLEMENT
MAINTENANCE SECTION:
•
INSPECT for loose fasteners, worn or broken parts, leaky or loose fittings, missing or broken cotter keys,
and washers on pins, and all moving parts for wear.
•
REPLACE any worn or broken parts with authorized service parts.
•
LUBRICATE unit as specified by lubrication schedule.
•
NEVER lubricate, adjust or remove material while it is running or in motion.
•
TORQUE all bolts and nuts as specified.
BLADE INSPECTION:
•
REPLACE bent, damage, cracked or broken blades immediately with new blades.
•
AVOID blade failures and thrown broken blades. DO NOT straighten, weld, or weld hard-facing blades.
SAFETY SHIELDS, GUARDS AND SAFETY DEVICES INSPECTION:
•
KEEP all Deflectors, Chain Guards, Steel Guards, Gearbox Shields, and PTO integral shields, Bands,
Side Skirts and Skid Shoes in place and in good condition.
•
REPLACE any missing, broken or worn safety shields, guards and safety devices.
Operating, servicing and maintaining this equipment can expose you to chemicals
including gasoline, diesel fuel, lubricants, petroleum products, engine exhaust, carbon
monoxide, and phthalates, which are known to the State of California to cause cancer and
birth defects or other reproductive harm. To minimize exposure, avoid breathing exhaust,
do not idle the engine except as necessary, service your vehicle in a well-ventilated area
and wear gloves or wash your hands frequently when servicing your vehicle. Battery posts,
terminals and related accessories contain lead and lead compounds, chemicals known to
the state of California to cause cancer, birth defects or other reproductive harm. For more
information go to www.P65Warnings.ca.gov. This website, operated by California's Office
of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment, provides information about these chemicals
and how individuals may be exposed to them. PN HM02-A
Safety Section 1-15
© 2018 Alamo Group Inc.
SAFETY
AVOID SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH FROM COMPONENT FAILURE BY KEEPING
IMPLEMENT IN GOOD OPERATING CONDITION IN PERFORMING PROPER
SERVICE, REPAIRS AND MAINTENANCE.
SAFETY
PARTS INFORMATION
PARTS INFORMATION
Bush Hog mowers use balanced and matched system components for blade carriers, blades, cuttershafts,
knives, knife hangers, rollers, drivetrain components, and bearings. These parts are made and tested to Bush
Hog specifications. Non-genuine "will fit" parts do not consistently meet these specifications. The use of “will
fit” parts may reduce mower performance, void warranties, and present a safety hazard. Use genuine Bush
Hog mower parts for economy and safety. (SPBH-1)
SAFETY
SEE YOUR BUSH HOG DEALER
Safety Section 1-16
© 2018 Alamo Group Inc.
SAFETY
Decal Location
NOTE: Bush Hog supplies safety decals on this product to promote safe operation. Damage to the decals may
occur while in shipping, use, or reconditioning. Bush Hog cares about the safety of its customers, operators,
and bystanders, and will replace the safety decals on this product in the field, free of charge (Some shipping
and handling charges may apply). Contact your Bush Hog dealer to order replacement decals.
SAFETY
2820-12820 01/15
© 2018 Alamo Group Inc.
Safety Section 1-17
SAFETY
SAFETY
ITEM
PART NO.
QTY
TYPE
DESCRIPTION
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
D549
D553
D547
D565
D546
D813
50058285
D555
D551
D552
94359
50031214
50073147
50073148
50061049
D587
D548
D559
nfs
50035829
50031212
1006348
87340
91443
50073175
D482
D544
D614
50065309
1
1
1
2
5
1
1
2
2
1
1
2
2
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
6
6*
1
2
1
1
1
6
2
DANGER
WARNING
DANGER
DANGER
DANGER
DANGER
WARRANTY
DANGER
WARNING
WARNING
REFLECT
REFLECT
NAME
NAME
NAME
INSTRUCT
WARNING
WARNING
SERIAL PLT
INSTRUCT
REFLECT
WARNING
IMPORTANT
IMPORTANT
----------------WARNING
IMPORTANT
DANGER
NAME
Multi-Hazard
Pull Type Unit Hazards
Driveline Hazards
Wing Lowering Safety
Shield Missing
Multi Language
6 Yr. Gearbox Warranty
Crushing Hazard
CCW Blade Rotation
CW Blade Rotation
SMV
Red Reflector
2820
12820
Bush Hog
Lubrication Decal
1000 RPM
Genuine Bush Hog Parts
Serial Number Plate
Canister, Operators Manual
Amber Reflector
Tire Explosion Hazard (Not Shown)
Driveline Lube
Slip Clutch
Operator’s Manual (Inside Canister)
Jack Positioning
Transport Latch
Thrown Object Shield Missing
Bush Hog
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
* Furnished by Wheel Assembly Supplier
2820-12820 01/15
© 2018 Alamo Group Inc.
Safety Section 1-18
SAFETY
Decal Description
SAFETY
2820-12820 01/15
© 2018 Alamo Group Inc.
Safety Section 1-19
SAFETY
SAFETY
2820-12820 01/15
© 2018 Alamo Group Inc.
Safety Section 1-20
SAFETY
SAFETY
2820-12820 01/15
© 2018 Alamo Group Inc.
Safety Section 1-21
SAFETY
SAFETY
2820-12820 01/15
© 2018 Alamo Group Inc.
Safety Section 1-22
SAFETY
SAFETY
2820-12820 01/15
© 2018 Alamo Group Inc.
Safety Section 1-23
SAFETY
SAFETY
2820-12820 01/15
© 2018 Alamo Group Inc.
Safety Section 1-24
SAFETY
SAFETY
2820-12820 01/15
© 2018 Alamo Group Inc.
Safety Section 1-25
SAFETY
SAFETY
D813_1
D813_2
2820-12820 01/15
© 2018 Alamo Group Inc.
Safety Section 1-26
SAFETY
SAFETY
2820-12820 01/15
© 2018 Alamo Group Inc.
Safety Section 1-27
SAFETY
Federal Laws and Regulations
This section is intended to explain in broad terms the concept and effect of federal laws and regulations concerning
employer and employee equipment operators. This section is not intended as a legal interpretation of the law and
should not be considered as such.
Employer-Employee Operator Regulations
SAFETY
U.S. Public Law 91-596 (The Williams-Steiger Occupational and Health Act of 1970) OSHA
This Act Seeks:
“...to assure so far as possible every working man and woman in the nation safe and healthful working
conditions and to preserve our human resources...”
DUTIES
Sec. 5 (a) Each employer(1) shall furnish to each of his employees employment and a place of employment which are free from
recognized hazards that are causing or are likely to cause death or serious physical harm to his employees;
(2) shall comply with occupational safety and health standards promulgated under this Act.
(b) Each employee shall comply with occupational safety and health standards and all rules, regulations and
orders issued pursuant to this Act which are applicable to his own actions and conduct.
OSHA Training Requirements
Title 29, Code of Federal Regulations Part 1928.57(a)(6). www.osha.gov
Operator instructions. At the time of initial assignment and at least annually thereafter, the employer shall
instruct every employee who operates an agricultural tractor and implements in the safe operating practices
and servicing of equipment with which they are or will be involved, and of any other practices dictated by the
work environment.
Keep all guards in place when the machine is in operation;
Permit no riders on equipment
Stop engine, disconnect the power source, and wait for all machine movement to stop before servicing,
adjusting, cleaning or unclogging the equipment, except where the machine must be running to be properly
serviced or maintained, in which case the employer shall instruct employees as to all steps and procedures
which are necessary to safely service or maintain the equipment.
Make sure everyone is clear of machinery before starting the engine, engaging power, or operating the
machine.
Employer Responsibilities:
To ensure employee safety during Tractor and Implement operation, it is the employer’s responsibility to:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Train the employee in the proper and safe operation of the Tractor and Implement.
Require that the employee read and fully understand the Tractor and Implement Operator’s manual.
Permit only qualified and properly trained employees to operate the Tractor and Implement.
Maintain the Tractor and Implement in a safe operational condition and maintain all shields and guards on the
equipment.
5. Ensure the Tractor is equipped with a functional ROPS and seat belt and require that the employee operator
securely fasten the safety belt and operate with the ROPS in the raised position at all times.
6. Forbid the employee operator to carry additional riders on the Tractor or Implement.
7. Provide the required tools to maintain the Tractor and Implement in a good safe working condition and provide the
necessary support devices to secure the equipment safely while performing repairs and service.
8. Require that the employee operator stop operation if bystanders or passersby come within 300 feet.
Child Labor Under 16 Years of Age
Some regulations specify that no one under the age of 16 may operate power machinery. It is your responsibility to
know what these regulations are in your own area or situation. (Refer to U.S. Dept. of Labor, Employment Standard
Administration, Wage & Home Division, Child Labor Bulletin #102.)
2820-12820 01/15
© 2018 Alamo Group Inc.
Safety Section 1-28
INTRODUCTION SECTION
Introduction Section 2-1
© 2015 Alamo Group Inc.
INTRODUCTION
INTRODUCTION
We are pleased to have you as a Bush Hog customer. Your Rotary Cutter has been carefully designed with
care and built with quality materials by skilled workers to give maximum service with minimum down time. This
manual is provided to give you the necessary operating and maintenance instructions for keeping your rotary
cutter in top operating condition. Careful use and timely service saves extensive repairs and costly downtime
losses. Please read this manual thoroughly. Understand what each control is for and how to use it.
Bush Hog typically offers two types of shielding to protect the operator, passerby, livestock, and property from
thrown objects... single chain guards, and double chain guards. Shielding should be selected based on the
intended use of the mower. Double chain guards or deflectors should be used for highway, right-of-way, parks
or greenbelt mowing or all other mowing where human dwellings, vehicles, or livestock could be within 300 feet
of the mower. Chain guards are more durable, provide a longer service life and require less maintenance and
replacement than deflectors. Single chain guards may be sufficient for agriculture and other mower use only
where passersby or property are not within 300 feet of the mower during operation.
No shielding is 100% effective in preventing thrown objects. The possibility of injury and property damage from
this hazard can be substantially reduce by selecting proper shielding, maintaining the mower and shielding in
good operational condition, inspecting the area for foreign debris before mowing, operating the mower at a
minimum cutting height of 6", and keep unprotected persons at a minimum distance of 300 feet from the
mower at all times during operation.
Safety is of primary importance to the owner/operator and to the manufacturer. Observe all safety precautions
decaled on the machine and noted throughout the manual for safe operation of implement. If any assistance or
additional information is needed, contact your authorized Bush Hog dealer. The owner/operator/dealer should
know and understand the Safety Messages before assembly and be aware of the hazards of operating this
cutter during assembly, use, and maintenance. The Safety Alert Symbol combined with a Signal Word, as seen
below, is intended to warn the owner/operator of impending hazards and the degree of possible injury faced
when operating this machine.
Indicates an imminently hazardous situation that, if not avoided, WILL result in DEATH OR
VERY SERIOUS INJURY.
Indicates an imminently hazardous situation that, if not avoided, COULD result in DEATH
OR SERIOUS INJURY.
Indicates an imminently hazardous situation that, if not avoided, MAY result in MINOR
INJURY.
Identifies special instructions or procedures that, if not strictly observed, could result in
damage to, or destruction of the machine, attachments
2820-12820 01/15
© 2015 Alamo Group Inc.
Introduction Section 2-2
INTRODUCTION
INTRODUCTION
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Height Adjustment Cylinder
Tongue Height Adjustment
Axle
Tire (Laminated Shown)
Replaceable Wing Skid
Wing Blade Gearbox
Discharge (Chains)
Wing Transport Latch
9. Jackstand
10. Tongue
11. CV Driveline
12. Hose Holder Rods
13. Power Divider Gearbox (Under Shield)
14. Center Blade Gearbox
15. Required Light Kit ANSI/ASE std. 279.16
NOTE: All references made in this manual to right, left, front, rear, top or bottom are as
viewed facing the direction of forward travel with implement properly attached to tractor.
The Model 2820/12820 Rotary Cutter consists of a center unit with two variable position
wings together having a cutting width of 20 feet (6.1m). Wing operating angles and
machine cutting height are independently controlled using hydraulic cylinders. A selfleveling linkage maintains a level cutter at all cutting heights.
Power from the tractor PTO is split at the power divider gearbox and supplied to each of
the blade gearboxes. Each blade gearbox has two free-swinging uplift blades designed
to cut grass, corn stalks and light brush. Free-swinging blades reduce the shock of
impact when a stationary object is hit. Slip clutches are installed on each gearbox for
additional protection. Front and rear discharge shields are included as standard
equipment.
2820-12820 01/15
© 2015 Alamo Group Inc.
Introduction Section 2-3
INTRODUCTION
Equipment Specifications
INTRODUCTION
2820 / 12820
2820
12820
Cutting Width
20’
Blade Tip Speed
540 PTO
1000 PTO
Transport Width
12’
Center
15,625 FPM
15,994 FPM
Overall Width
20’ - 10-1/2”
Wings
15,834 FPM
15,936 FPM
Overall Length
17’ - 5”
Cutting Height
2” -14”
Gearbox Rating
HP Required (min)
90HP
Power Divider
250 HP
250 HP
Cutting Capacity (max)
3”
Center & Wings
225 HP
225 HP
Drawbar Load Rating (min)
2,585 lbs
Limited Warranty
6 Year
6 Year
Wing Flex Up
87°
Driveline Size
Wing Flex Down
22°
Main
CAT 6
CAT 6
Wings
CAT 5
CAT5
KEY OPERATION POINTS
•
Cutting performance and distribution are best when cutter is level from side to side. Mower front to rear
pitch should be 1” or less.
•
In extra heavy material, rear chains will allow better discharge.
•
Never operate the Flexwing below full PTO speed of 540 or 1000 rpm.
•
For good distribution, the distribution baffles must be used.
•
Make sure PTO driveline slip clutches are not frozen and are properly adjusted.
•
To reduce uneven grass cutting and streaking.
-
make sure tractor rear tire spacing is a minimum of 60” between the inside of the tires.
-
make sure blades are not bent and are in good condition.
-
reduce ground speed to allow more cutting time.
•
If Tractor engine is lugging down, shift tractor to a lower gear
•
ALWAYS OPERATE WITH THE WING HYDRAULIC CYLINDER CONTROL VALVES IN A FLOAT
POSITION.
•
For maximum performance and service life, Always use Genuine Bush Hog replacement parts
2820-12820 01/15
© 2015 Alamo Group Inc.
Introduction Section 2-4
INTRODUCTION
LIMITED WARRANTY

Bush Hog warrants to the original purchaser of any new Bush Hog equipment, purchased from an authorized
DISCLAIMER OF IMPLIED WARRANTIES & CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES
Bush Hog’s obligation under this limited warranty, to the extent allowed by law, is in lieu of all warranties,
implied or expressed, INCLUDING IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A
PARTICULAR PURPOSE and any liability for incidental and consequential damages with respect to the sale
or use of the items warranted. Such incidental and consequential damages shall include but not be limited to:
transportation charges other than normal freight charges; cost of installation other than cost approved by Bush
Hog; duty; taxes; charges for normal service or adjustment; loss of crops or any other loss of income; rental of
substitute equipment, expenses due to loss, damage, detention or delay in the delivery of equipment or parts
resulting from acts beyond the control of Bush Hog.
THIS LIMITED WARRANTY SHALL NOT APPLY:
1. To vendor items which carry their own warranties, such as engines, tires, and tubes.
2. If the unit has been subjected to misapplication, abuse, misuse, negligence, fire or other accident.
3. If parts not made or supplied by Bush Hog have been used in connection with the unit, if, in the sole
judgement of Bush Hog such use affects its performance, stability or reliability.
4. If the unit has been altered or repaired outside of an authorized Bush Hog dealership in a manner which, in
the sole judgment of Bush Hog, affects its performance, stability or reliability.
5. To normal maintenance service and normal replacement items such as gearbox lubricant, hydraulic fluid,
worn blades, or to normal deterioration of such things as belts and exterior finish due to use or exposure.
6. To expendable or wear items such as teeth, chains, sprockets, belts, springs and any other items that in
the company’s sole judgement is a wear item.
NO EMPLOYEE OR REPRESENTATIVE OF BUSH HOG IS AUTHORIZED TO CHANGE THIS LIMITED
WARRANTY IN ANY WAY OR GRANT ANY OTHER WARRANTY UNLESS SUCH CHANGE IS MADE IN
WRITING AND SIGNED BY BUSH HOG’S SERVICE MANAGER, 2501 GRIFFIN AVE., SELMA, ALABAMA
36703.

Record the model number, serial number and date
purchased. This information will be helpful to your
dealer if parts or service are required.
MAKE CERTAIN THE WARRANTY
HAS BEEN FILED WITH BUSH HOG
SELMA, ALABAMA
2820-12820 01/15
© 2015 Alamo Group Inc.
MODEL NUMBER _________________________
SERIAL NUMBER _________________________
DATE OF RETAIL SALE ____________________
Introduction Section 2-5
INTRODUCTION
Bush Hog dealer, that the equipment be free from defects in material and workmanship for a period of one (1)
year for non-commercial, state and municipalities’ use and ninety (90) days for commercial use from date of
retail sale. The obligation of Bush Hog to the purchaser under this warranty is limited to the repair or
replacement of defective parts.
Replacement or repair parts installed in the equipment covered by this limited warranty are warranted for
ninety (90) days from the date of purchase of such part or to the expiration of the applicable new equipment
warranty period, whichever occurs later. Warranted parts shall be provided at no cost to the user at an
authorized Bush Hog dealer during regular working hours. Bush Hog reserves the right to inspect any
equipment or parts which are claimed to have been defective in material or workmanship.
ASSEMBLY SECTION
Assembly Section 3-1
© 2015 Alamo Group Inc.
ASSEMBLY
DEALER SET-UP INSTRUCTIONS
The mower as received from the factory is virtually completely assembled and requires minimum time to
complete assembly and is ready for sale.
ASSEMBLY
On a fully assembled unit, do not release the Wing Lock Pin until the hoses are attached to
the tractor and the Wing Cylinders are filled with oil. Always keep bystanders away while
raising and lowering the wings.
To lower the wings, hook the hydraulic hoses to the tractor. From the Operators
Seat use the tractor hydraulic control levers to fill wing cylinders with oil (Refer to
Operation Section). Keep coworkers and bystanders away from the implement
while filling. For implements with the wings in the raised or transport position,
filling the cylinders should raise the wings slightly and loosen the wing lock pin.
DO NOT release the wing lock pin if there is a force on the lock. Use tractor
hydraulic control levers to lower the wing(s). Continue to hold the control lever
until both wings are down and the wing cylinders are fully retracted or extended.
Continue to cycle the cylinders several times by raising and lowering the wings
fully to remove any trapped air. If there is sponginess during the raising cycle, this
may indicate that air is entrapped in the hydraulic circuit. Continue to cycle the
cylinders until all sponginess is removed.
The implement wings should lower slowly when they are allowed to float down
and are not powered down. This is a safety feature built into the system. If the
wings fall rapidly, have the cylinders repaired before operating the implement.
Asm-0004
ASSEMBLY
Select a suitable work area large enough to allow for lowering of the wings. Use extreme caution when
connecting the mower to the tractor. The mower should be securely resting at ground level or sitting on blocks.
Keep hands and feet from under the mower deck and clear of pinch points between the tractor and mower.
The unit comes with all axles and axle arms attached and tires on the center unit. Wing tires will need to be
attached to the wing axle arms and if the unit has dual wheel center axle arms, two tires will be assembled to
these axle arms.
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Assembly Section 3-2
ASSEMBLY
Tongue
During shipping tongue is tilted back toward unit.
Roll tongue down into working position. Pin
jackstand to tongue. Figure AsmP-R-0539
Hose Holder
LINKAGE RODS
Pin the leveling rods assemblies to the tongue
using pin, flatwasher and cotter pins shipped with
assembly. It may be necessary to raise the tongue
slightly for the attachment of the leveling rod.
Connect the opposite end to the center-axle
weldment using the pin and cotter pin shipped in
the leveling rod assembly. Figure Asm-R-0656
and AsmP-R-0508
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Assembly Section 3-3
ASSEMBLY
Attach the Hose Holder to the mounting lug on the
inside left strut of the tongue. Use the 5/8” x 2” bolt,
5/8” nut and flatwasher provided.
ASSEMBLY
ASSEMBLY
TIRES AND WHEELS
1. Mount wheels on hubs securing with lug nuts.
NOTE: When using laminated tires and
airplane tires, the flat side of the lug nut
should be against the rim. When using
automotive rims, the tapered side of the
lug nut should be against the rim.
2. Attach turnbuckles adjustment links to the
center axle mounts using 1” x 4-1/2” bolts and
wing axle mounts using 1”x 4-1/2” bolts,
flatwashers, and nuts AsmP-R-0509.
3. There are three types of wheels available for
this machine. The airplane tires will have a
larger diameter than the laminated tire. Pin
the base end of the cylinder according to the
type of tire being used. 24” and 29” aircraft
tires use the top hole. The laminated tires use
the bottom hole as shown.
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Assembly Section 3-4
ASSEMBLY
Before installing any tires and wheels make certain the Cutter is jacked up high enough and is securely
supported. When installing laminated or airplane tires, be sure the flat side of the lug nut is against the wheel.
There are only three types of tires that can be used on this cutter DO NOT USE ANY OTHER TYPE OF TIRE
OR WHEEL, such as automotive tires and rims. DO NOT EXCEED THE MAXIMUM SPEED FOR EACH TYPE
OF TIRE. As excessive speed can cause damage to the machine, tire, and wheel.
Maximum airplane tire inflation pressure is 50 PSI, minimum inflation pressure is 20 PSI. Inflate ribbed
implement tires to manufacturer rated PSI as shown on the tire sidewall.
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Assembly Section 3-5
ASSEMBLY
When installing Laminated Tires and Wheels note the direction of travel and the curvature of rubber segments
in the tire and install as shown in Figure Asm-R-0127. Do not exceed 20 M.P.H. on Laminated Tires. When
removing Airplane Tires, let all of the air out of the tire before removing lug nuts or wheel bolts or nuts. Remove
valve core to make certain that there is no air pressure left in tube before separating wheel halves to dismount
tires. DO NOT LOOSEN WHEEL CLAMP BOLTS BEFORE PRESSURE IS REMOVED FROM TUBE AND
TIRE TO PREVENT EXPLOSIVE SEPARATION OF WHEEL HALVES WITH POSSIBLE SERIOUS BODILY
INJURY. Do not exceed 20 M.P.H. on Airplane or Rib Implement Tires.
ASSEMBLY
ASSEMBLY
Lubricate the PTO drivelines and wheel hubs according to the lubrication information found in the Maintenance
Section.
* Before loosening the airplane wheel bolts, make sure to relieve all air pressure from tire.
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Assembly Section 3-6
ASSEMBLY
HYDRAULICS
Plumb hydraulic cylinders as shown. (Hydraulic Hoses are supplied for attachment to three tractor remotes.)
Consult your tractor dealer to determine if your Tractor Hydraulic System is an Open or Closed system.
All versions of the 2820 / 12820 are shipped from the factor with the plumbing attached., Be sure to check all
fittings prior to use, to make sure they are tight.
Fitting for attaching to the tractor remotes or independent valve should be purchased locally to fit the required
application.
ASSEMBLY
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Assembly Section 3-7
ASSEMBLY
DRIVELINE ATTACHMENT TO IMPLEMENT
ASSEMBLY
CV DRIVELINE
1. Secure the opposite end to the power divider
gearbox using the tapered pin and locknut.
Tighten nut to 30 ft. lbs.
2. Install driveline with the CV body attaching to
the tractor PTO.
3. Pull on each driveline section to make certain it
is securely attached.
4. Do not chain the CVF Bell Shield or driveline
shield chains to keep shields from turning.
Shielding should be allowed to turn with
driveshaft.
CENTER DRIVELINE
NOTE: The center driveline is assembled too the unit at the factory and these instructions are for reinstallation, should it be removed for repair. Follow reverse order for driveline removal.
1. Slide the center driveline clutch onto the center gearbox input shaft until it bottoms out against casting.
Slide yoke assembly onto transfer gearbox output shaft until it bottoms out against casting. Place stub
shaft between yokes, then slide clutch and yoke assembly until tapered pins can be installed to retain.
Tighten taper pins retaining nut to 30 ft. lbs. Install one roll pin through yoke and stub shaft.
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Assembly Section 3-8
ASSEMBLY
WING DRIVELINE
NOTE: The Wing driveline is assembled too the unit at the factory and these instructions are for re-installation,
should it be removed for repair. Follow reverse order for driveline removal.
DRIVELINE ATTACHMENT
The driveline yoke and tractor PTO shaft must be
dirt free and greased for attachment.
To connect the mower driveline to the tractor PTO
output shaft, pull the driveline yoke collar back and
align the grooves and splines of the yoke with those
of the PTO shaft. Push the driveline yoke onto the
PTO shaft, release the locking collar, and position
the yoke until the locking collar balls are seated
onto the PTO shaft. Push and pull the driveline
back and forth several times to ensure a secure
attachment. OPS-R-0003_I
Many of the equipment components are HEAVY (60 lbs or greater) and Special Lifting
Procedures are recommended. Use lifting assistance such as mechanical assistance, two
people, and proper lifting techniques when connecting or installing the driveshaft to reduce
the possibility of back injuries.
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Assembly Section 3-9
ASSEMBLY
1. Install wing drivelines, attaching clutch to wing gearboxes. Secure driveline with tapered pin, lockwasher,
and nut. Tighten nut to 30 ft. lbs. Pull on each driveline section to make certain it is securely attached.
2. Attach Wing Shield Chains to keep shields from being removed from machine.
3. On each clutch, loosen eight nuts retaining clutch springs 1/3 turn or until spring can be turned with fingers.
4. With tractor at idle speed, engage tractor PTO drive 2 - 3 seconds. Each clutch should slip without turning
blades.
5. Retighten nuts to within 1/64” or original position. Initial spring length for the clutches is 1.32”.
Failure to re-tighten nuts to original position may cause damage to implement and/or tractor
due to improper slip clutch torque setting.
OPERATION SECTION
Operation Section 4-1
© 2015 Alamo Group Inc.
OPERATION
BUSH HOG 2820/12820 ROTARY MOWER
OPERATION INSTRUCTIONS
OPERATION
Bush Hog rotary mowers are manufactured with quality material by skilled workers. These mowers are
designed to cut grass, weeds, small brush and other vegetative material up to 3” diameter in areas such as
pastures and along highway right-of-ways. The mower is equipped with chain guards to prevent objects being
thrown from the mower by the blades, however, no shielding is 100% effective. All shields, guards, deflectors,
and chains equipped on the unit must be maintained on the mower in good operational condition.
It is the operator’s responsibility to be knowledgeable of all potential operating hazards and to take every
reasonable precaution to ensure oneself, others, animals, and property are not injured or damaged by the
mower, tractor, or a thrown object. Do not operate the mower if passersby, pets, livestock, or property are
within 300 feet of the unit unless:
•
All THROWN OBJECT SHIELDING including, Chains Guards, Side Skirts and Skid Shoes in place and in
good condition when mowing.
• MOWER SECTIONS OR WING are adjusted to be close and parallel to ground without exposing blades.
• MOWING AREA has been inspected and foreign materials and debris have been removed.
• PASSERSBY are inside enclosed vehicle.
This section of the Operator’s Manual is designed to familiarize, instruct, and educate safe and proper mower
use to the operator. Pictures contained in this section are intended to be used as a visual aid to assist in
explaining the operation of a rotary mower. Some pictures may show shields removed for purposes of clarity.
NEVER OPERATE this implement without all shields in place and in good operational condition. The operator
must be familiar with the mower and tractor operation and all associated safety practices before operating the
mower and tractor. Proper operation of the mower, as detailed in this manual, will help ensure years of safe
and satisfactory use of the mower
IMPORTANT: To avoid mower damage, retorque all bolts after the first 10 hours of operation. Re-tighten blade
carrier retaining nut on gearbox lower shafts to 600 ft. lbs.
READ AND UNDERSTAND THE ENTIRE OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS AND SAFETY SECTION OF THIS
MANUAL AND THE TRACTOR MANUAL BEFORE ATTEMPTING TO USE THE TRACTOR AND
IMPLEMENT. If you do not understand any of the instructions, contact your nearest authorized dealer for a
full explanation. Pay close attention to all safety signs and safety messages contained in this manual and
those affixed to the implement and tractor. OPS-U- 0001
READ, UNDERSTAND, and FOLLOW the following Safety Messages. Serious injury or
death may occur unless care is taken to follow the warnings and instructions stated in the
Safety Messages. Always use good common sense to avoid hazards. (SG-2)
Si no lee ingles, pida ayuda a alguien que si lo lea para que le traduzca las
medidas de seguridad. (SG-3)
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Operation Section 4-2
OPERATION
1. OPERATOR REQUIREMENTS
Safe operation of the unit is the responsibility of a qualified operator. A qualified operator has read and
understands the implement and tractor Operator’s Manuals and is experienced in implement and tractor
operation and all associated safety practices. In addition to the safety messages contained in this manual,
safety signs are affixed to the implement and tractor. If any part of the operation and safe use of this
equipment is not completely understood, consult an authorized dealer for a complete explanation.
Safe operation of equipment requires that the operator wear approved Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
for the job conditions when attaching, operating, servicing, and repairing the equipment. PPE is designed to
provide operator protection and includes the following safety wear:
PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT (PPE)
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Always Wear Safety Glasses
Hard Hat
Steel Toe Safety Footwear
Gloves
Hearing Protection
Close Fitting Clothing
Respirator or Filter Mask (depends
operating conditions) OPS-U- 0002
on
DO NOT use drugs or alcohol immediately before or while operating the
Tractor and Implement. Drugs and alcohol will affect an operator’s
alertness and coordination and therefore affect the operator’s ability to
operate the equipment safely. Before operating the Tractor or Implement,
an operator on prescription or over-the-counter medication must consult
a medical professional regarding any side effects of the medication that
would hinder their ability to operate the Equipment safely. NEVER
knowingly allow anyone to operate this equipment when their alertness or
coordination is impaired. Serious injury or death to the operator or others
could result if the operator is under the influence of drugs or alcohol. (SG-27)
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Operation Section 4-3
OPERATION
If the operator cannot read the manuals for themselves or does not completely understand the operation of the
equipment, it is the responsibility of the supervisor to read and explain the manuals, safety practices, and
operating instructions to the operator.
OPERATION
2. TRACTOR REQUIREMENTS
The tractor used to operate the mower must have the power capacity to lift, pull, and operate the Power Take
Off (PTO) at the mower’s rated speed while traveling at a ground speed between 2 and 5 MPH. Operating the
mower with a tractor that does not meet the following requirements may cause tractor or mower damage and
be a potential danger to the operator and passersby.
OPERATION
Tractor Requirements and Capabilities
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
ASABE approved CAB with Protective Structure and seat belt.
Tractor Safety Devices .................... Slow Moving Vehicle (SMV) emblem, lighting,
PTO master shield
Tractor Horsepower -Minimum ........ 90 HP
Drawbar............................................ 14” length for 540 unit; 16” or 20” length for 1000 RPM unit.
Drawbar Vertical Load Minimum ..... 2585 lbs.
Hydraulics ........................................ 3 Hydraulic Ports are required - Without Remote Valve
2 Hydraulic Ports are required - With Remote Valve
Front End Weights............................ As needed to maintain 20% weight on front axle
Power Take Off ................................ 540 RPM 1-3/8” 6-Spline, 1000 RPM 1-3/8” 21-Spline or
1000 RPM -1-3/4” dia. 20-Spline Output Shaft
Tire Wheel Spacing .......................... Set tires minimum width of 60” from inside to inside of tires.
2.1 ROPS and Seat Belt
The tractor must be equipped with a Factory Cab and seat belt to protect the operator from falling from the
tractor and being crushed or run over by the tractor and/or implement resulting in serious injury or death. Only
operate the tractor while seated in the operator’s seat with the seatbelt securely fastened around the operator
OPS-U- 0051
2.2 Tractor Safety Devices
If transporting or operating the tractor and implement near a public roadway, the tractor must be equipped with
proper warning lighting and a Slow Moving Vehicle (SMV) emblem which are clearly visible from the rear of
the unit. Lights and a SMV emblem must be equipped directly on implements if the visibility of the tractor
warning signals are obscured.
Maintain all manufacturer equipped safety shields and guards. Always replace shields and guards that were
removed for access to connect, service, or repair the tractor or implement. Never operate the tractor PTO
with the PTO master shield missing or in the raised position. OPS-U- 0004
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Operation Section 4-4
OPERATION
3. Tractor Horsepower
The horsepower required to operate the mower depends on several operating factors including the vegetation
to be cut, terrain condition, operator experience, condition of the mower and tractor, and others. For most
mowing conditions, the 2820/12820 mower requires a tractor with a minimum of 90 HP. Operating the mower
with a tractor that does not have adequate power may damage the tractor engine. Exceeding 120 HP may
cause mower damage by overpowering the unit in heavy cutting conditions.
3.1 Drawbar
Position the length of the drawbar from the end of
the tractor PTO shaft to the drawbar hitch hole
according to the operating speed of the mower. If
the mower is a 540 RPM unit, position the drawbar
length from shaft end to hitch hole at 14”. For 1000
RPM mowers, set the drawbar length at 16” for 21
spline 1-3/8” mowers and at 20” for 1-3/4” 20 spline
mowers. Do not use PTO adaptors. Use of PTO
adaptors will invalidate your warranty.
3.2 Tractor Hydraulics
The mower center section and each wing are positioned with hydraulic cylinders that are operated by the
tractor hydraulic pump. The tractor must have a minimum of 2 hydraulic control valves devoted to the mower
unless the tractor is fitted with a 3-spool control valve (extra equipment).
A 3-spool control valve is required if the tractor is equipped with a single valve and is recommended for those
with two valves so that the center section and each wing can be controlled independent of one another. Refer
to the Assembly Section of this manual for properly equipping the tractor with a 3-spool control valve. Tractors
equipped with three hydraulic ports can position the center section and each wing independently with no extra
equipment. If the tractor is equipped with only two hydraulic ports and a 3-spool control valve is not used, the
wings cannot be operated independently and will raise and lower at different speeds.
3.3 Front End Weight
A minimum of 20% total tractor weight must be maintained on the tractor front end at all times. Front end
weight is critical to maintain steering control and to prevent the tractor from rearing up while driving. If the
front end is too light, add weight until a minimum of 20% total weight is reached on the front tires. Front
weights and weight carriers can be purchased through an authorized tractor dealership. OPS-U- 0005
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Operation Section 4-5
OPERATION
Constant Velocity and Standard Driveline.
OPERATION
3.4 Power Take Off (PTO)
OPERATION
Depending on the unit, the mower is designed to operate at a PTO speed of 540 or 1000 RPM. Most tractors
operate at either 540, or a combination of 540 and 1000 RPM PTO speeds. The operating speed of the
mower and tractor can be determined by the number of splines on the driveline yoke and PTO output shaft.
Those operating at 540 RPM will have a 6-spline shaft and those operating at 1000 RPM will have a 20 or 21spline shaft. Note: Refer to the tractor owner’s manual for instructions to change PTO speeds on models that
operate at more than one speed.
If operating an older model tractor where the tractor’s transmission and PTO utilize one master clutch, an
over-running clutch must be used between the PTO output shaft and the driveline of the mower. An
authorized tractor dealer can provide the over-running clutch and its installation if needed. OPS-U- 0006_A
DO NOT use a PTO adapter to attach a non-matching Implement driveline to a Tractor
PTO. Use of an adapter can double the operating speed of the Implement resulting in
excessive vibration, thrown objects, and blade and implement failure. Adapter use will also
change the working length of the driveline exposing unshielded driveline areas. Serious
bodily injury and/or equipment failure can result from using a PTO adapter. Consult an
authorized dealer for assistance if the Implement driveline does not match the Tractor PTO.
(S3PT-14)
Never operate the Tractor and Mower if the Implement input driveline is directly connected
to the Tractor transmission. Tractor braking distances can be substantially increased by
the momentum of the rotating Mower blades driving the Tractor transmission even though
the Tractor clutch has been disengaged. Install an over running clutch between the Tractor
PTO and the Mower driveline to prevent this potentially dangerous situation. (S3PT-16)
Do not connect the PTO driveline to the tractor or operate the implement unless the
implement is securely connected to the tractor.
3.5 Tire Spacing
Tractor tires should be set a minimum of 60” (1.5
m) apart measured from inside of tire to inside of
tire. Refer to the tractor Operator’s Manual or
consult an authorized dealer for instructions to
change tractor tire spacing. OPS-R- 0062
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Operation Section 4-6
OPERATION
4. GETTING ON AND OFF THE TRACTOR
Before getting onto the tractor, the operator must read and completely understand the implement and tractor
operator manuals. If any part of either manual is not completely understood, consult an authorized dealer for
a complete explanation. OPS-U- 0007
Do not mount or dismount the Tractor while the tractor is moving. Mount
the Tractor only when the Tractor and all moving parts are completely
stopped. (SG-12)
Use both hands and equipped handrails and steps for support when boarding the tractor. Never use control
levers for support when mounting the tractor. Seat yourself in the operator’s seat and secure the seat belt
around you.
Never allow passengers to ride on the tractor or attached equipment. Riders can easily fall off and be
seriously injured or killed from falling off and being ran over. It is the operator’s responsibility to forbid all extra
riders at all times. OPS-U- 0008
Never allow children to operate, ride on, or come close to the Tractor or
Implement. Usually, 16-17 year-old children who are mature and
responsible can operate the implement with adult supervision, if they
have read and understand the Operator’s Manuals, been trained in
proper operation of the tractor and Implement, and are physically large
enough to reach and operate the controls easily. (SG-11)
Never allow children or other persons to ride on the Tractor or Implement.
Falling off can result in serious injury or death. (SG-10)
4.2 Dismounting the Tractor
Before dismounting, park the tractor and implement on a reasonably level surface, apply the parking brake,
idle the engine down, disengage the PTO, and lower the implement to the ground. Shut down the tractor
engine according to the operator’s manual, remove the key, and wait for all motion to completely stop. Never
leave the seat until the tractor, its engine and all moving parts have come to a complete stop.
Use hand rails and steps when exiting the tractor. Be careful of your step and use extra caution when mud,
ice, snow or other matter has accumulated on the steps or hand rails. Use all handrails and steps for support
and never rush or jump off the tractor. OPS-U- 0009
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Operation Section 4-7
OPERATION
4.1 Boarding the Tractor
OPERATION
OPERATION
BEFORE leaving the tractor seat lower the implement, set the parking
brake and/or set the tractor transmission in parking gear, disengage the
PTO, stop the engine, remove the key, and wait for all moving parts to
stop. Place the tractor shift lever into a low range or parking gear to
prevent the tractor from rolling. Never dismount a Tractor that is moving
or while the engine is running. Operate the Tractor controls from the
tractor seat only. (SG-9)
5. STARTING THE TRACTOR
The operator must have a complete understanding of the placement, function, and operational use of all
tractor controls before starting the tractor. Review the tractor operator’s manual and consult an authorized
dealer for tractor operation instructions if needed.
Essential Tractor Controls:
• Locate the light control switch.
• Locate the engine shut off control.
• Locate the brake pedals and the clutch.
• Locate the PTO control.
• Locate the 3-point hitch control lever.
• Locate the hydraulic remote control levers.
Before starting the tractor ensure the following:
• Conduct all pre-start operation inspection and service according to the tractor operator’s manual.
• Make sure all guards, shields, and other safety devices are securely in place.
• The parking brake is on.
• The PTO control lever is disengaged.
• The 3-point hitch control lever is in the lowered position.
• The hydraulic remote control levers are in the neutral position.
• The tractor transmission levers are in park or neutral.
Refer to the tractor owner’s manual for tractor starting procedures. Only start the tractor while seated and
belted in the tractor operator’s seat. Never bypass the ignition switch by short circuiting the starter solenoid.
After the tractor engine is running, avoid accidental contact with the tractor transmission to prevent sudden
and unexpected tractor movement. OPS-U-0028
Never run the Tractor engine in a closed building or without adequate ventilation. The
exhaust fumes can be hazardous to your health. (SG-23)
Start tractor only when properly seated in the Tractor seat. Starting a
tractor in gear can result in injury or death. Read the Tractor operators
manual for proper starting instructions. (SG-13)
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Operation Section 4-8
OPERATION
6. CONNECTING THE MOWER TO THE TRACTOR
Use extreme caution when connecting the mower to the tractor. The mower should be securely resting at
ground level or setting on blocks. Keep hands and feet from under the mower deck and clear of pinch points
between the tractor hitch arms and mower pins. OPS-R-0001
Always shut the Tractor completely down, place the transmission in park, and set the
parking brake before you or anyone else attempts to connect or disconnect the Implement
and Tractor hitches. (S3PT-15)
1. Ensure the tractor is equipped with the correct
PTO shaft and the drawbar is set at the correct
length.
2. Using the parking jack, position the tongue
clevis to the height of the tractor drawbar.
Adjust the mower tongue to be level and
parallel with the tractor drawbar using the
control rod connecting the mower tongue to the
deck.
3. Board the tractor and start the engine. Back the
tractor to the mower aligning the drawbar hitch
hole with the mower tongue clevis. Turn off the
tractor engine, place the tractor in park, and set
the parking brake before dismounting.
4. To attach the mower, place two 1” flatwashers
(1) positioned under top lip of tongue clevis and
to the top of drawbar. Insert a 1” diameter
grade 5 or 8 bolt (3) through clevis and drawbar
and retain in position with a 1” locknut (4).
Tighten the locknut securely but do not
overtighten which could spring or break the
clevis. NEVER attach mower to the tractor with
a pin not having a nut.
5. Securely attach the mower safety chain to the
tractor drawbar or drawbar support frame.
6. Lower the jack until the tongue is completely
supported by the drawbar. Remove jack from
the tongue and place on storage bracket of
mower.
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Operation Section 4-9
OPERATION
6.1 Connecting Mower Tongue to the Tractor
OPERATION
OPERATION
Safety Tow Chain
If the mower is towed on a public roadway, a safety chain with tensile strength equal to or greater than the
gross weight of the mower must be connected between the tractor and mower. This will help control the
implement in the event the tongue becomes disconnected from the drawbar. Make sure the chain is attached
to a secure location on the tractor and not to an intermediate support. After connecting both ends of the safety
chain, drive the tractor to the right and left to check for proper chain length. Adjust length as necessary and
allow only enough slack in the chain to make a maximum turn in both directions. Use chain intermediate
support on tractor drawbar to minimize chain slack. When not in use, store the safety chain to protect it from
mud or standing water by wrapping the chain around the tongue. Replace the safety chain if one or more links
or end fittings are broken, stretched or otherwise damaged or deformed.
IMPORTANT: Scan this QR Code with your smart phone to link to the PAMI Safe
Implement Hitching Manual for more information on correctly connecting
agricultural tractors to implements. Or type in your internet browser the following
web address: www.algqr.com/hme Ops-0008-MISC
6.2 Connecting Mower Hydraulic Lines to the Tractor
With the tractor shut down and secured in position, relieve hydraulic pressure from the tractor by moving the
control levers back and forth several times or placing the levers in the float position.
When connecting the mower hydraulic lines, keep hoses, quick couplers, and swivels free of contamination.
Never leave a disconnected hose end open and cap the tractor hydraulic outlet ports when not in use. If the
tractor ports or mower hydraulic hose ends become contaminated, wipe clean with a rag before connecting.
Operating Mower Hydraulics with Three Tractor Hydraulic Ports
Connect one hose into each hydraulic port. Connect lines to correspond with position of hydraulic control
levers.
Operating Mower Hydraulics with Two Tractor Hydraulic Ports
The lines that operate the wings must be plumbed together and will be controlled using one hydraulic control
valve and the center section with the remaining control valve. Ensure that the operator is aware that each wing
cannot be controlled independently nor will they raise and lower simultaneously.
Operating the Mower Hydraulics with a 3-Spool Hydraulic Control Valve (Extra Equipment)
Ensure the valve matches the hydraulic operating system of the tractor (open or closed center). Refer to the
Assembly Section for additional information on equipping the tractor with a 3-spool control valve.
Mount the valve bank to a tractor fender or other accessible location. Connect valve bank inlet and outlet lines
to outlets of the same tractor hydraulic port. Connect the mower hydraulics to the control valve bank with the
center section line to the right port. Connect the wing cylinder lines to the control valve positioned to
correspond with the left and right wing.
To activate the 3-spool hydraulic control valve, tie the tractor’s hydraulic control lever back to keep hydraulic oil
continuously fed to the valve bank.
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Operation Section 4-10
OPERATION
After connecting the mower hydraulic lines to the tractor, support the hoses with the equipped brackets. Ensure
that hoses do not contact the driveline, do not bind while turning, and do not become pinched or kinked.
Hydraulic Cylinder Priming
Hydraulic Cylinders must be filled with hydraulic oil before removing the wing transport lock pins to lower the
mower wings. Hydraulic cylinders and lines are filled by holding the valve control levers in the raised position
until the cylinders fully retract (wing cylinders) and extend (center cylinder). Place control levers in the float
position and repeat process a second time. Ensure wings are entirely supported by the cylinders before
removing the transport lock pins. NEVER drive out bar pins and NEVER remove bars that have tension on
them.
7. SETTING THE MOWER
Properly setting the cutting height is essential for efficient and safe operation. A properly set mower will make
a more uniform cut, distribute clippings more evenly, require minimal tractor work, and follow the contour of
uneven terrain. NOTE: Avoid very low cutting heights, striking the ground with the blades gives the most
damaging shock loads and will cause damage to the mower and drive. Blades contacting the ground may
cause objects to be thrown out from under the mower deck. Always avoid operating the mower at a height
which causes the blades to contact the ground. OPS-U- 0010
Never work under the Implement, the framework, or any lifted
component unless the Implement is securely supported or blocked up
to prevent sudden or inadvertent falling which could cause serious
injury or even death. (SG-14)
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Operation Section 4-11
OPERATION
Hydraulic Line Support
OPERATION
7.1 Setting Deck Height
LEVELING DECK CENTER SECTION
OPERATION
1. Place the tractor and mower on a level surface
and lower both wings.
2. Using the center section hydraulic cylinder,
raise to transport height and loosen level rod
jam nuts. Position the mower so the skid shoes
are 1” less off the ground than the final cut
height. For example, for a 3” cut raise or lower
the mower until the skid shoes are
approximately 2” off the ground.
3. Shut down the tractor, place the transmission in
park, and set the parking brake before
dismounting.
4. Level the mower deck front to rear by adjusting the leveling rods linking the tongue to the rear axle. DO
NOT allow feet or other body parts underneath the mower when making adjustments. To adjust rod length
turn the turnbuckles. To lower the front, lengthen the rods and to raise the front, shorten the rods DO NOT
unscrew turnbuckles to the point that either rod threaded ends becomes disconnected which will cause the
mower to fall. Raise to transport height and re-tighten jamnuts when deck is leveled.
5. IMPORTANT: Alternate adjustments between rods and adjust at equal lengths to maintain equal tension.
Improper adjustments may cause rods to snap or bend.
6. Place split collar assemblies on the center axle hydraulic cylinder rod to maintain a set cutting height each
time the mower is raised and lowered.
LEVELING WING SECTIONS WITH CENTER
Wings should be adjusted before use if they are not level with center deck section. Lower cutter until skids on
center section are approximately 1-2 inches off ground. Remove wing transport lock pin(s) and place in pin
storage hole. Lower wing(s) to ground allowing weight to rest on wheel(s). If wing(s) are not level (parallel) to
center section, loosen jam nut and turn turnbuckle body to adjust. Adjust longer to raise the wing outside edge
and shorter to lower the wing outside edge. It may be necessary to use wing lift cylinder to relieve pressure
from the linkage retaining pin. Tighten jam nut.
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Operation Section 4-12
OPERATION
Setting Deck Pitch
Lower Horse Power - Better Fuel Efficiency
Increase Mulching
To increase mulching of the grass or crop material
during mower operation, the mower should be operated with the deck approximately 3/4" HIGHER IN
THE FRONT THAN THE REAR.
Operating the mower at this pitch will allow the
mower to cut the grass twice and can result in a
more even cut and improved distribution of the cut
material.
IMPORTANT:
Adjust the leveling rods the same amount and
maintain equal tension in the rods. Improper adjustment may cause rods to snap or bend. Retighten
the jamnuts after the deck pitch has been set. OPSU-0041_A
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Operation Section 4-13
OPERATION
To increase fuel efficiency and lower horsepower
requirements for mower operation, the mower
should be operated with the deck approximately 1"
or less LOWER IN THE FRONT THAN THE REAR.
Operating the mower at this pitch will allow the
mower to cut the grass only once and requires less
work from the tractor.
OPERATION
8. DRIVELINE ATTACHMENT
OPERATION
The driveline yoke and tractor PTO shaft must be
dirt free and greased for attachment.
To connect the mower driveline to the tractor PTO
output shaft, pull the driveline yoke collar back and
align the grooves and splines of the yoke with those
of the PTO shaft. Push the driveline yoke onto the
PTO shaft, release the locking collar, and position
the yoke until the locking collar balls are seated
onto the PTO shaft. Push and pull the driveline
back and forth several times to ensure a secure
attachment. OPS-R-0003_A
When attaching the Implement input driveline to the Tractor PTO, it is important that the
connecting yoke spring activated locking collar slides freely and the locking balls are seated
securely in the groove on the Tractor PTO shaft. Push and pull the driveline back and forth
several times to ensure it is securely attached. A driveline not attached correctly to the
Tractor PTO shaft could come loose and result in personal injury and damage to the
Implement. (S3PT-17)
8.1 Driveline Length Check
Before operating the Implement, check to make sure the Implement input driveline will not
bottom out or become disengaged. Bottoming out occurs when the inner shaft penetrates
the outer housing until the assembly becomes solid-it can shorten no more. Bottoming out
can cause serious damage to the Tractor PTO by pushing the PTO into the Tractor and
through the support bearings or downward onto the PTO shaft, breaking it off. A broken
driveline can cause personal injury. (S3PT-18)
When fitting the mower to the tractor, the telescoping driveline must be inspected to ensure that at its most
compressed position, the profiles do not “bottom out”, and when at its farthest extended position, there is
sufficient engagement between the profiles to operate safely. At its shortest length, there must be at least a 1”
clearance between each profile end and opposite profile universal joint. At its farthest operating extension, a
minimum profile engagement of 6” must be maintained for a Constant Velocity (CV) tube type driveline and a
minimum engagement of 6” for non-CV solid shaft drivelines.
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Operation Section 4-14
OPERATION
“Bottoming Out” Check Procedure
•
•
•
NOTE: If tractor has a 540 RPM PTO, adjusting to a 16 inch position will gain additional 2 inches of telescoping
length.
Engagement Check Procedure
•
With the driveline attached, position the mower to the point where the telescoping driveline is at its maximum
extension. Completely shut down the tractor and secure in position.
•
Mark the inner driveline shield 1/8” from the end of the outer shield.
•
Disconnect the driveline from the tractor and separate the two driveline halves.
•
Measure the distance from the mark to the end of the inner profile. This length is the amount the driveline profiles were
engaged.
•
If the engaged length is less than 6”, the shaft is considered too short and should be replaced with a longer shaft.
Consult an authorized dealer to purchase the required driveline length.
NOTE: If the driveline cannot be shortened and still maintain the required profile engagement, the operator must be made
aware of terrain conditions and avoid situations which pose a potential problem to avoid damaging the driveline or move
drawbar to 16” or 20” position for required clearance. OPS-R-0005_O
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Operation Section 4-15
OPERATION
•
Disconnect driveline from the tractor and slide
the profiles together until fully compressed.
Place a mark on the inner shield 1/8” from the
end of the outer shield and reattach the
driveline to the PTO shaft.
With the PTO NOT TURNING, slowly drive the
tractor with mower attached through the
sharpest turn possible and watch shaft
movement. With the PTO NOT TURNING,
slowly drive the tractor with the mower attached
through the most severe terrain conditions
expected and watch shaft movement.
If the distance between the mark and the outer
shield becomes less than 2” at any point there is a potential problem bottoming out the driveline and the
driveline should be replaced with shorter driveline. Contact your local dealer or Technical Service for
proper directions. OPS-R-0004_J
OPERATION
8.2 Constant Velocity (CV) Driveline
For mowers equipped with a Constant Velocity (CV) driveline, the maximum turning angle between the tractor
and mower must be determined to ensure the joint angle does not over-extend which can cause CV joint
damage. Constant Velocity joints enable the driveline to operate smoothly with no vibrations and clattering at
angles up to 80°. Angles greater than 80° can result in mechanical damage to the CV joint and mower
driveline.
OPERATION
The Constant Velocity joint must be lubricated every 8 hours of operation as specified in the Maintenance
Section. Failure to properly lubricate the joint will result in accelerated wear and joint component failure.
CV Driveline Maximum Angle Check Procedure
•
With the mower attached to the tractor and the driveline disconnected from the tractor PTO stub make
a hard left turn until there is approximately a 1" clearance between the left rear tractor tire and mower
frame or tongue.
• Stop and completely shut down the tractor. Place the tractor in Park and apply the Parking Brake before
dismounting.
• Check the CV joint at this maximum turning radius by holding the driveline yoke above the PTO shaft and
then angle the CV joint to its maximum angle. A minimum difference of 10 degrees between the center
line of the yoke and the PTO shaft must be maintained to ensure the joint will not be over angled. If the
joint cannot be angled at least 10°, there is a potential problem of over-angling the joint while making
sharp turns.
• Solutions: To ensure the joint is not damaged, check the following:
Check the drawbar length to ensure that it is at the proper length for the RPM speed of the mower.
Move the tractor rear tires wider apart to limit the tractor turning radius.
Position the mower at multiple angles and perform the above procedure. Determine the sharpest turning
radius that maintains a safe operating angle and note this position to the operator. OPS-R-0006_B
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Operation Section 4-16
OPERATION
The Constant Velocity PTO driveline is HEAVY (70 lbs or greater) and Special Lifting
Procedures are recommended. Use lifting assistance such as mechanical assistance, two
people, and proper lifting techniques when connecting or installing the driveshaft to reduce
the possibility of back injuries.
Do not turn so sharp or lift mower so high to produce a severe "knocking" of the Driveline
which will cause accelerated wear and breakage of drive train components and could result
in possible injury from the separated Driveline sections. (SRM-04)
Before each use, a pre-operation inspection and service of the implement and tractor must be performed.
This includes routine maintenance and scheduled lubrication, inspecting that all safety devices are equipped
and functional, and performing needed repairs. DO NOT operate the unit if the pre-operation inspection
reveals any condition affecting safe operation. Perform repairs and replacement of damaged and missing
parts as soon as noticed. By performing a thorough pre-operation inspection and service, valuable down time
and repair cost can be avoided. OPS-U-0029
Always disconnect the main PTO Driveline from the Tractor before performing service on
the Implement. Never work on the Implement with the tractor PTO driveline connected and
running. Rotating Parts, Blades or Drivelines could turn without warning and cause
immediate entanglement, injury or death. (S3PT-11)
DO NOT allow any person under a folded wing unless wing is securely
locked up or supported. DO NOT approach the Implement unless the
Tractor is turned off and all motion has ceased. Never work under the
frame work, or any lifted component unless the implement is securely
supported or blocked up. A sudden or inadvertent fall by any of these
components could cause serious injury or even death. (STI-03)
Periodically inspect all moving parts for wear and replace when
necessary with authorized service parts. Look for loose fasteners, worn
or broken parts, and leaky or loose fittings. Make sure all pins have
cotter pins and washers. Serious injury may occur from not maintaining
this machine in good working order. (SG-21)
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Operation Section 4-17
OPERATION
9. PRE-OPERATION INSPECTION AND SERVICE
OPERATION
9.1 Tractor Pre-Operation Inspection/Service
OPERATION
Refer to the tractor operator’s manual to ensure a
complete pre-operation inspection and scheduled
service
is
performed
according
to
the
manufacturers recommendations. The following
are some of the items that require daily service and
inspection:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Tire condition/air pressure
Wheel lug bolts
Steering linkage
PTO shield
SMV sign is clean and visible
Tractor’s lights are clean and functional
Tractor Seat belt is in good condition
Tractor ROPS is in good condition
ROPS is in the raised position
No tractor oil leaks
Radiator free of debris
Engine oil level and condition
Engine coolant level and condition
Power brake fluid level
Power steering fluid level
Fuel condition and level
Sufficient lubrication at all lube points
Air filter condition OPS-U-0030
9.2 Mower Pre-Operation Inspection/Service
Before each mower use, a complete inspection and service is required to ensure the mower is in a good and
safe working condition. Damaged and/or broken parts should be repaired and/or replaced immediately. To
ensure the mower is ready for operation, conduct the following. OPS-R-0007
All Safety Shields, Guards and Safety devices including (but not
limited to) - the Deflectors, Chain Guards, Steel Guards, Gearbox
Shields, PTO integral shields, and Retractable Door Shields should
be used and maintained in good working condition. All safety
devices should be inspected carefully at least daily for missing or
broken components. Missing, broken, or worn items must be
replaced at once to reduce the possibility of injury or death from
thrown objects, entanglement, or blade contact. (SGM-3)
Replace bent or broken blades with new blades. NEVER ATTEMPT TO STRAIGHTEN,
WELD, OR WELD HARDFACING ON BLADES SINCE THIS WILL LIKELY CRACK OR
OTHERWISE DAMAGE THE BLADE WITH SUBSEQUENT FAILURE AND POSSIBLY
CAUSE SERIOUS INJURY FROM THROWN BLADES. (SGM-10)
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Operation Section 4-18
OPERATION
The operator’s manual and safety signs affixed on
the unit contain important instructions on the safe
and proper use of the equipment. Maintain these
important safety features on the implement in good
condition to ensure the information is available to
the operator at all times.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Ensure the mower hitch is securely attached to
the tractor drawbar with a proper size bolt and
secured nut.
Ensure that a properly rated safety tow chain is
equipped securing the mower to the tractor.
Check that the main driveline is securely
attached to the tractor and the clamping cone is
seated in the groove of the PTO shaft.
Ensure the divider drivelines are secure at both
ends. OPS-R-0008_J
Ensure chain guards are in position and not
damaged. Replace worn, broken, and missing
sections immediately.
Ensure the driveline integral shields are in good
condition and rotate freely.
Inspect that all bolts and screws are in position
and are properly torqued. OPS-R-0009_H
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Operation Section 4-19
OPERATION
•
Ensure the manual canister is secured to the
equipment with the operator’s manual inside.
Ensure all safety signs are in place and legible.
Replace missing, damaged, and illegible
decals. OPS-U- 0011
OPERATION
•
•
OPERATION
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Ensure the tractor PTO master shield is in
place, lowered and in good condition.
Ensure each mower slip clutch shield is
secured in place and in good condition.
Ensure the driveline slip clutches are properly
adjusted and the friction plates are not frozen
together. Reference the Maintenance Section
for proper slip clutch maintenance. OPS-R0010
Perform scheduled lubrication as specified in
the maintenance section.
Inspect each gearbox oil level removing level
Dip Stick. The oil should be at the indicator line
on the Dip Stick. You may also view the oil level
through the Sight Glass on the rear of the
Gearbox., If oil is visible in the glass, level is
good. Replenish if needed. CAUTION: DO
NOT OVERFILL GEARBOX. A low oil level is a
warning sign that the gearbox may be cracked
or its seals are damaged and needs to be
replaced.
Ensure all gearbox vents are in place and free
from clogs. OPS-R-0011_R
Inspect blades and blade bolts for looseness
and excessive wear. Make sure the mower is
securely blocked up before crawling beneath.
Replace damaged, worn, and missing blades
as complete sets to maintain rotary balance.
Ensure carrier hub nuts are tightened with the
cotter pin inserted and spread.
Inspect the condition of the deck skid shoes
and the skid shoe attaching hardware.
OPS-R-0012
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Operation Section 4-20
OPERATION
•
•
•
•
•
Ensure that the mower is equipped and
secured with wing transport locks.
Check the condition of the wing hinge pins.
Check the condition of the mower axle
suspension spring.
Inspect mower tire condition, wheel bearings,
and lug nut torque.
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Operation Section 4-21
OPERATION
•
Ensure each hydraulic cylinder is installed and
retained correctly. Ensure the proper size pins
are used to retain the cylinders in place and are
secured with pins.
Check for hydraulic oil leaks on the cylinders,
along the hydraulic lines, and at tractor
hydraulic ports.IMPORTANT: DO NOT use your
hands to check for oil leaks. Use a piece of
heavy paper or cardboard to check for
hydraulic oil leaks.
OPERATION
9.3 Cutting Component Inspection
OPERATION
Inspect blade pan and blade assembly for the following:
OPS-U-0031
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Operation Section 4-22
OPERATION
Operating the mower with loose blade hardware will damage the blade holder or blades and
can result in blade breakage or blade fastener failure. Broken blades or bolts can be thrown
out from under the mower for distances up to 300 feet. When the blades are replaced, the
fastening hardware must be replaced. Check and retighten the blade hardware after the first
eight hours of operation. In severe cutting conditions, recheck the blade carrier and blade
bolt torque every 50 hours.
To help prevent structural damage caused by loose hardware, tighten gearbox mounting
hardware as specified. Check the fastener torque after first 8 hours of use and every 50
hours thereafter.
OPERATION
Inspect the Blades daily for abnormal wear. REPLACE BOTH BLADES on that carrier
IMMEDIATELY if either blade has:
•
•
•
•
•
Become bent or deformed from it’s original shape or
Any cracks are visible, or
Deep gouges in the blade’s surface are present, or
Gouges or chipped areas in the cutting edge are larger than 1/2”(12.7mm), or
The material on the leading edge has been worn away by more than 1/2(12.7mm)”
Failure to replace abnormally worn blades may lead to catastrophic failure of the blades and ejection of the
broken part with tremendous force which may cause serious bodily injury or death. OPS-U-0032
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Operation Section 4-23
OPERATION
9.4 Blade Bolt Inspection
OPERATION
Inspect Blade Bolt Head daily for wear as followed:
Inspect the Blade Bolt Heads daily for abnormal wear. REPLACE BOTH BLADE BOLTS on
the Blades IMMEDIATELY if either blade bolts has:
• Visible cracks or
• If the recessed area on blade bolt is worn off or
• If Blade Bolt has gouges or chipped areas.
Failure to replace abnormally worn blade bolts may lead to catastrophic failure of the blades and ejection of
the broken part which may cause serious bodily injury or death.
Always replace Blade Bolts with new bolts whenever replacing the Blades. OPS-U-0037
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Operation Section 4-24
OPERATION
Rotary Mower PRE-OPERATION Inspection
Mower ID#________________
Date:
________________
IMPORTANT:
Scan
this QR Code for an
electronic copy of this
inspection sheet.
Condition at
Start of Shift
Item
Specific Comments if
not O.K.
The Operator’s Manual is in the canister on the mower
All safety decals are in place and legible
The tongue/hitch connection bolts & pins are tight
There are no cracks in tongue or hitch
The tow chain is secured to the tractor & mower
The hydraulic cylinders pins are tight
There are no leaking or damaged hoses
The mower deck is clear of cut grass and debris
Chain guards/deflectors are in place & in good condition
Driveline/gearbox shields are in good condition
Driveline clutches are in good condition; not frozen
Driveline telescoping members & U-joints are lubricated
Driveline yokes are securely attached to PTO & mower
Gearbox mounting bolts are tight
Gearbox oil is at the proper level
Blade carrier retaining nut is tight
Blades are not chipped, cracked or bent
Blade bolts are tight
Wheel lug nuts are tight
Transport locks are in good condition
Make____________________
Shift
____________________
Operator’s Signature:
DO NOT OPERATE an UNSAFE TRACTOR or MOWER
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Operation Section 4-25
OPERATION
Before conducting the inspection, make sure the tractor engine is off, all
rotation has stopped and the tractor is in park with the parking brake
engaged. Make sure the mower is resting on the ground or securely blocked
up and all hydraulic pressure has been relieved.
OPERATION
Tractor PRE-OPERATION Inspection
Tractor ID#:________________________Make:________________________
OPERATION
Date:______________________________Shift:________________________
Before conducting the inspection, make sure the tractor engine is off, all
rotation has stopped and the tractor is in park with the parking brake
engaged. Make sure the implement is resting on the ground or securely
blocked up and all hydraulic pressure has been relieved.
Condition at
Start of Shift
Item
Specific Comments if
not O.K.
The flashing lights function properly
The SMV Sign is clean and visible
The tires are in good condition with proper pressure
The wheel lug bolts are tight
The tractor brakes are in good condition
The steering linkage is in good condition
There are no visible oil leaks
The hydraulic controls function properly
The ROPS or ROPS Cab is in good condition
The seatbelt is in place and in good condition
The 3-point hitch is in good condition
The drawbar pins are securely in place
The PTO master shield is in place
The engine oil level is full
The brake fluid level is full
The power steering fluid level is full
The fuel level is adequate
The engine coolant fluid level is full
The radiator is free of debris
The air filter is in good condition
Operator’s Signature:___________________________________________________
DO NOT OPERATE an UNSAFE TRACTOR or IMPLEMENT
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Operation Section 4-26
OPERATION
10. DRIVING THE TRACTOR AND IMPLEMENT
Safe tractor transport requires the operator possess a thorough knowledge of the model being operated and
precautions to take while driving with an attached implement. Ensure the tractor has the capacity to handle the
weight of the implement and the tractor operating controls are set for safe transport. To ensure safety while
driving the tractor with an attached implement, review the following. OPS-U- 0012
Transport only at speeds where you can maintain control of the
equipment. Serious accidents and injuries can result from operating this
equipment at high speeds. Understand the Tractor and Implement and
how it handles before transporting on streets and highways. Make sure the Tractor steering
and brakes are in good condition and operate properly.
Before transporting the Tractor and Implement, determine the proper transport speeds for
you and the equipment. Make sure you abide by the following rules:
Test the tractor at a slow speed and increase the speed slowly. Apply the Brakes smoothly
to determine the stopping characteristics of the Tractor and Implement. As you increase
the speed of the Tractor the stopping distance increases.
Determine the maximum
transport speed not to exceed 20 mph (30 kph) for transporting this equipment.
Test the equipment at a slow speed in turns. Increase the speed through the turn only after
you determine that the equipment can be operated at a higher speed. Use extreme care
and reduce your speed when turning sharply to prevent the tractor and implement from
turning over. Determine the maximum turning speed for you and this equipment before
operating on roads or uneven ground.
Only transport the Tractor and Implement at the speeds which allow you to properly control
the equipment.
Be aware of the operating conditions. Do not operate the Tractor with weak or faulty brakes
or worn tires. When operating down a hill or on wet or rain slick roads, the braking distance
increases: use extreme care and reduce your speed. When operating in traffic always use
the Tractor’s flashing warning lights and reduce your speed. Be aware of traffic around you
and watch out for the other guy. (SG-19)
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Operation Section 4-27
OPERATION
This Implement may be wider than the Tractor. Be careful when operating or transporting
this equipment to prevent the Implement from running into or striking sign posts, guard rails,
concrete abutments or other solid objects. Such an impact could cause the Implement and
Tractor to pivot violently resulting in loss of steering control, serious injury, or even death.
Never allow the Implement to contact obstacles. (S3PT-12)
OPERATION
10.1 Starting the Tractor
OPERATION
The procedure to start the tractor is model specific.
Refer to the tractor operator’s manual for starting
procedures for your particular tractor. Consult an
authorized dealer if the starting procedure is
unclear. Ensure the 3-point control lever is in the
lowered position and the PTO is disengaged before
starting the tractor. OPS-U-0033
10.2 Brake and Differential Lock Setting
Make sure the tractor brakes are in good operating
condition. Tractor brakes can be set to operate
independently allowing single rear wheel braking
action or locked together to provide simultaneous
rear wheel braking. FOR MOST DRIVING AND
OPERATING CONDITIONS, THE BRAKE PEDALS
SHOULD BE LOCKED TOGETHER TO PROVIDE
THE MOST EFFECTIVE BRAKING ACTION.
Always disengage the tractor differential lock when
turning. When engaged the differential lock will
prevent or limit the tractor from turning. During
normal cutting conditions, locking the differential
provides no benefit and should not be used. OPSU- 0013
Be aware of the operating conditions. Do not operate the Tractor with weak or faulty brakes.
When operating down a hill or on wet or rain slick roads, the braking distance increases; use
extreme care and reduce your speed in these conditions. When operating in traffic, always
use the Tractor’s flashing warning lights and reduce your speed. Be aware of traffic around
you and watch out for the other guy.
10.3 Operating the Mower Wings
Wings are positioned with hydraulic cylinders. It is recommended that the tractor be equipped with three
hydraulic ports or a 3-spool control valve be used so that each section can be controlled independently.
Ensure the hydraulic cylinders and lines are filled with oil by holding the valve control levers in the raised
position until the cylinders fully retract (wings) and extend (center). Only operate the mower with both wings
fully lowered, NEVER operate the mower with a raised wing. Wait until the blades are at a complete stop
before raising wings. OPS-R-0015
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Operation Section 4-28
OPERATION
10.4 Transport Position
The center of gravity is raised and the mower more
prone to tipping when the wings are in the raised
position.
When transporting, raise the center
section high enough to clear ground obstacles.
OPS-R-0016_F
When the Wings are folded for transport, the center of gravity is raised and the possibility of
overturn is increased. Drive slowly and use extreme caution when turning on hillsides.
Overturning the Implement could cause the Implement to overturn the Tractor and vice
versa resulting in serious injury or even death. Never fold wings on a hillside...the
Implement or unit may overturn. (STI-02)
10.5 Operating Position
To lower the wings, remove the transport lock pins
and secure pins on storage bracket. DO NOT drive
out transport lock pins. The wing cylinder may need
to be retracted to remove tension for lock pin
removal. After removing lock pins, extend wing
hydraulic cylinders and fully lower wings.
The valves operating wing cylinders should be
placed in the float position while mowing to allow the
mower to follow the contour of uneven terrain and to
prevent the wings from creeping up.
When
extending a wing over a ditch for mowing, place the
control valve lever detents in the center position.
This will give the mower more stability and prevent
the opposite wing from raising. DO NOT operate
the mower with the valves in the detent position for
extended periods of time to prevent deck frame
damage. OPS-R-0017_G
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Operation Section 4-29
OPERATION
To raise mower wings, drive the unit to a level area
and retract the wing hydraulic cylinders. DO NOT
raise wings with the mower positioned on an
embankment or other inclined position to prevent
overturning the mower. After the wings are fully
raised, install transport lock pins to prevent wings
from inadvertently falling. NOTE: If the transport
lock pins can not be easily installed, lower the
mower wings and remove rod end of cylinder and
adjust the rod clevis in or out to match the transport
lock pins.
OPERATION
Use extreme care when lowering or unfolding the implement’s wings. Make sure no
bystanders are close by or underneath the wings. Allow ample clearance around the
implement when folding or unfolding the wings. Use extreme caution around buildings or
overhead power lines. (S3PT-05)
OPERATION
10.6 Driving the Tractor and Cutter
Start off driving at a slow speed and gradually increase your speed while maintaining complete control of the
tractor and mower. Moving slowly at first will also prevent the tractor from rearing up and loss of steering
control. The tractor should never be operated at speeds that cannot be safely handled or which will prevent
the operator from stopping quickly during an emergency. If the power steering or engine ceases operating,
stop the tractor immediately as the tractor will be difficult to control.
Drive the tractor with the 3-Point lift arms in the raised position and lock the control lever in the transport detent
position to prevent damage to the mower driveline and tongue when turning.
Perform turns with the tractor and mower at slow
speeds to determine how the tractor with an
attached mower handles a turn. Determine the safe
speed to maintain proper control of the tractor when
making turns.
When turning with a towed
implement, the overall working length of the unit is
increased. Allow additional clearance for the mower
when turning.
To avoid overturns, drive the tractor with care and at
safe speeds, especially when operating over rough
ground, crossing ditches or slopes, and turning
corners. Tractor wheel tread spacing should be
increased when working on inclines or rough ground
to reduce the possibility of tipping.
Use extreme caution when operating on steep
slopes. Keep the tractor in a low gear when going
downhill. DO NOT coast or free-wheel downhill.
OPS-R-0018
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Operation Section 4-30
OPERATION
10.7 Crossing Ditches and Steep Inclines
Damage resulting from over-collapse of the driveline’s inner profile and its outer housing
may allow the driveline to come loose from the Tractor which could cause bodily injury to the
operator or bystanders and/or extensive damage to the Tractor or Implement. OPS-R-0020
When confronted with an incline or ditch, do not
approach from an angle which is perpendicular or
straight on as damaged to over collapse of the
driveline may occur.
When crossing such terrain, the implement should
be fully lowered for a lower center of gravity and
added stability. OPS-R-0021
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Operation Section 4-31
OPERATION
When crossing ditches with steep banks or going up
sharp inclines, it is possible that the main driveline
inner profile will penetrate into the outer housing to its
maximum depth until the assembly becomes solid
(driveline is at its extreme shortest length). This type
of abusive operation can cause serious damage to
the tractor and mower drive by pushing the PTO into
the tractor and through the support bearings or
downward onto the PTO shaft, breaking it off.
OPERATION
OPERATION
Inclines and ditches should be approached along a
line which is at an angle as shown. This type of
path will reduce the possibility of over-collapse of
the driveline and resulting damage. If the gradient
is so steep that such an approach increases the
possibility of a tractor roll-over, select an alternate
crossing path.
When operating the tractor and mower across
slopes and inclines, through ditches, and other
uneven terrain conditions, it is important to maintain
sufficient deck to ground clearance. Blade contact
with the ground may cause soil, rocks and other
debris to be thrown out from under the mower
resulting in possible injury and/or property damage.
Ground contact also produces a severe shock load
on the mower drive and to the mower blades
resulting in possible damage and premature wear.
OPS-R-0022
11. OPERATING THE TRACTOR AND IMPLEMENT
THE OPERATOR MUST COMPLETELY UNDERSTAND HOW TO OPERATE THE TRACTOR AND
IMPLEMENT AND ALL CONTROLS BEFORE ATTEMPTING TO OPERATE. The operator must read and
understand the Safety and Operation Sections of the implement and tractor operator’s manuals. These
manuals must be read and explained to any operator who cannot read. Never allow someone to operate the
implement and tractor without complete operating instructions.
Before starting any operation, the operator must become familiar with the area to be worked in and any
obstacles and hazards contained within to ensure safety to the operator, bystanders, and equipment. Special
attention should be paid to foreign debris, rough terrain, steep slopes, and passersby and animals in the area.
OPS-U- 0015
Extreme care should be taken when operating near loose objects such
as gravel, rocks, wire, and other debris. Inspect the area before
mowing. Foreign objects should be removed from the site to prevent
machine damage and/or bodily injury or even death. Any objects that
cannot be removed must be clearly marked and carefully avoided by the
operator. Stop mowing immediately if blades strike a foreign object.
Repair all damage and make certain rotor or blade carrier is balanced
before resuming mowing. (SGM-05)
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Operation Section 4-32
OPERATION
Many varied objects, such as wire, cable, rope, or chains, can become entangled in the
operating parts of the mower head. These items could then swing outside the housing at
greater velocities than the blades. Such a situation is extremely hazardous and could result
in serious injury or even death. Inspect the cutting area for such objects before mowing.
Remove any like object from the site. Never allow the cutting blades to contact such items.
(SGM-06)
11.1 Foreign Debris Hazards
If you hit a solid object or foreign debris, stop the
mower and tractor at once. Immediately idle the
engine speed and disengage the PTO. Wait for all
mower rotating motion to stop, then raise the
mower and move the tractor and implement off the
object. Inspect the area and remove, or mark the
location of the debris. Inspect the condition of the
mower and make any needed repairs immediately.
Make sure the blades are not damaged and the
carrier is balanced before resuming operation.
OPERATION
Before mowing, inspect the area to make sure
there are no foreign objects that the mower blades
could hit or become entangled with. Remove all
foreign objects and debris. If objects are too big to
remove, mark them clearly and be sure to prevent
the mower blades from contacting them.
Remove Foreign Material
Always wear your seat belt securely fastened and
only operate the tractor and mower with the ROPS
in the raised position. If the tractor or mower hits a
tree stump, rock, or bump, a sudden movement
could throw you off of the seat and under the
tractor and/or mower. The seat belt is your best
protection from falling off the tractor and the ROPS
provides protection from being crushed during a
tractor roll-over. OPS-R-0023
Raise Mower over solid objects
11.2 Bystanders/Passersby Precautions
If a bystander comes within 300 feet of the tractor while the mower is being operated, stop the tractor at once,
idle the engine and disengage the PTO. Do not engage the PTO again until all bystanders are well past the
300 foot distance. OPS-R-0024
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Operation Section 4-33
OPERATION
Rotary Mowers are capable under adverse conditions of throwing
objects for great distances (300 ft (100 m) or more) and causing serious
injury or death. Follow safety messages carefully.
STOP MOWING IF PASSERSBY ARE WITHIN 300 Feet (100 m) UNLESS:
-Front and Rear Deflectors, Chain Guards, or Bands are installed and in good, workable
condition;
OPERATION
-Mower sections or Wings are running close to and parallel to the ground without exposed
Blades;
-Passersby are outside the existing thrown-object zone;
-All areas have been thoroughly inspected and all foreign material such as rocks, cans,
glass, and general debris has been removed.
NOTE: Where there are grass and weeds high enough to hide debris that could be struck
by the blades, the area should be: inspected and large debris removed, mowed at an
intermediate height, inspected, closely with any remaining debris being removed, and
mowed again at desired final height. (This will also reduce power required to mow, reduce
wear and tear on the Mower drivetrain, spread cut material better, reduce streaking, and
make the final cut more uniform). (SRM-01)
11.3 Engaging the Power Take Off (PTO)
Before engaging the PTO, make certain that the area is clear of bystanders and passersby. The implement
must be completely lowered and the deck positioned at a safe operating height. NEVER engage the PTO with
the implement in the raised position.
Set the tractor engine speed at approximately 1,000 RPM before engaging the PTO. Shift the PTO control to
the on position, and slowly increase the engine speed until the PTO is operating at the rated speed. If you
hear unusual noises or see or feel abnormal vibrations, disengage the PTO immediately. Inspect the
implement to determine the cause of the noise or vibration and repair the abnormality. OPS-U- 0027
Do not let the Blades turn when the Mower Deck is raised for any
reason, including clearance or for turning. Raising the Mower deck
exposes the Cutting Blades which creates a potentially serious hazard
and could cause serious injury or even death from objects thrown from
the Blades. (SRM-07)
Do not put hands or feet under mower decks. Blade Contact can result
in serious injury or even death. Stay away until all motion has stopped
and the decks are securely blocked up. (SGM-09)
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Operation Section 4-34
OPERATION
11.4 PTO RPM and Ground Speed
Ground speed for mowing will depend upon the height, type, and density of vegetation to be cut.
Recommended speed for efficient mower performance is between 2 and 5 mph(3-8 kph). Operate the mower
at its full rated PTO speed to maintain blade speed for a clean cut. Refer to the tractor operator’s manual or
the tractor instrument panel for the engine speed and gear to provide the required PTO and desired ground
speed. Make sure that the mower is operating at its full rated speed before entering the vegetation to be cut.
If it becomes necessary to temporarily regulate engine speed, increase or decrease the throttle gradually.
Do not exceed the rated PTO speed for the Implement. Excessive PTO speeds can cause
Implement driveline or blade failures resulting in serious injury or death. (SG-26)
Mow at the speed that you can safely operate and control the tractor and mower. The
correct mowing speed depends on terrain condition and grass type, density, and height of
cut. Normal ground speed range is from 2 to 5 mph(3-8 kph). Use slow mowing speeds
when operating on or near steep slopes, ditches, drop-offs, overhead obstructions, power
lines, or when debris and foreign objects are to be avoided. (SGM-07)
11.5 Operating the Mower
Only operate the mower from the tractor operator’s seat with the seatbelt securely fastened. The tractor must
be equipped with a ROPS cab.
The mower is designed to cut vegetation up to 3”(76.2mm) in diameter. Sharp blades will produce a cleaner cut
and require less power.Travel at a speed that allows the mower sufficient time to cut through the vegetation
and maintain the PTO operating speed to prevent overloading the mower and tractor. Choose a driving pattern
that provides the maximum pass length and minimizes turning.
Under certain conditions, tractor tires may roll some grasses down preventing them from being cut at the same
height as the surrounding area. When this occurs, reduce the tractor ground speed while maintaining the
operating speed of the mower. A slower ground speed will permit grasses to at least partially rebound and be
cut. Taking a partial cut and/or reversing the direction of travel may also help produce a cleaner cut. Check tire
spacing as noted in Tractor Operators Manual.
Avoid mowing in the reverse direction when possible. In situations where the mower must be backed to access
areas to be cut, make sure there are no persons or other foreign debris behind the mower before mowing in
reverse. When mowing in reverse, operate the tractor and mower at a reduced ground speed to ensure tractor
and mower control is maintained
.
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Operation Section 4-35
OPERATION
Ground speed is achieved by transmission gear selection and not by the engine operating speed. The
operator may be required to experiment with several gear range combinations to determine the best gear and
range which provides the most ideal performance from the mower and most efficient tractor operation. As the
severity of cutting conditions increase, the ground speed should be decreased by selecting a lower gear to
maintain the proper operating PTO speed. OPS-R-0025
OPERATION
OPERATION
Do not mow with two machines in the same area except with Cab tractors with the windows
closed. (SGM-11)
Mow only in conditions where you have clear visibility in daylight or with adequate artificial
lighting. Never mow in darkness or foggy conditions where you cannot clearly see at least
300 feet (90 m) in front and to the sides of the tractor and mower. Make sure that you can
clearly see and identify passersby, steep slopes, ditches, drop-offs, overhead obstructions,
power lines, debris and foreign objects. If you are unable to clearly see these type of items
discontinue mowing. (SGM-1)
Avoid mowing in reverse direction when possible. Check to make sure there are no
persons behind the mower and use extreme care when maneuvering in reverse. Mow only
at a slow ground speed where you can safely operate and control the tractor and mower.
Never mow an area that you have not inspected and removed debris or foreign material.
(SGM-08)
Follow these guidelines to reduce the risk of equipment and grass fires
while operating, servicing, and repairing the Mower and Tractor:
-Equip the Tractor with a fire extinguisher in an accesible location.
-Do Not operate the Mower on a Tractor with an underframe exhaust.
-Do Not smoke or have an open flame near the Mower and Tractor.
-Do Not drive into burning debris or freshly burnt areas.
-Ensure slip clutches are properly adjusted to prevent excessive slippage and plate heating.
-Never allow clippings or debris to collect near drivelines, slip clutches, and gearboxes.
Periodically shut down the Tractor and Mower and clean clippings and collected debris from
the mower deck. (SGM-12)
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Operation Section 4-36
OPERATION
When you get to the end of a pass, slightly raise the
mower (2-4”) before turning. Never raise the
mower entirely while the blades are turning. If the
mower must be raised higher than 12” from ground
level, disengage the tractor PTO and wait for all
mower rotation to come to a complete stop before
proceeding to raise the mower. NEVER raise the
mower wings while the blades are turning.
If the mower is operated in conditions that require
frequent sharp turning, the mower should be
equipped with a Constant Velocity driveline. CV
joints enable the tractor PTO shaft and mower
driveline to be angled safely up to 80 degrees with
no damage to the mower or driveline. OPS-R-0027
Do not let the Blades turn when the Mower Deck is raised for any
reason, including clearance or for turning. Raising the Mower deck
exposes the Cutting Blades which creates a potentially serious hazard
and could cause serious injury or even death from objects thrown from
the Blades. (SRM-07)
Stay alert and watch for trees, low hanging limbs,
power lines, and other overhead obstacles and solid
ground objects while you are operating. Use care
to avoid hitting these items. OPS-R-0028
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Operation Section 4-37
OPERATION
When turning, the angle between the tractor and
mower should not be so great that a clattering of
the U-joints occurs.
Sharp turns can cause
premature failure of the joints and place pressure
on the tractor PTO shaft and could cause extensive
mechanical damage to the mower and tractor.
OPERATION
OPERATION
When mowing across uneven areas such as road shoulders, ditch edges, and other uneven terrain, position
mower so that one support wheel is near the highest point to prevent blades from cutting into gravel or dirt
which can cause rapid blade wear and extremely severe shock loads on the drivetrain resulting in rapid wear
or damage to these components. Blades contacting the ground may cause objects to be thrown out from
under the mower deck. Always avoid operating the mower at a height or position which may cause the blades
to contact the ground. Cutting into the berm or edge of the ditch will cause abnormal and accelerated blade
wear and possible blade component failure. OPS-R-0029
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Operation Section 4-38
OPERATION
11.6 Right of Way (Highway) Mowing
•
USE DOUBLE CHAIN GUARDS for highway, right-of-way, parks, greenbelt mowing, or all other mowing
where human dwellings, vehicles, or livestock could be within 300 feet of the mower.
•
No shielding is 100% effective in preventing thrown objects. To Reduce Possibility of Injury:
1. MAINTAIN MOWER SHIELDING in good operational condition,
2. DAILY INSPECT the condition of the Thrown Object Guards, mower Side Skirts, and skid shoes:
Replace or repair worn or damaged guards.
4. RAISE CUTTING HEIGHT to 6 INCHES minimum.
5. INSPECT AREA thoroughly before mowing to REMOVE potential THROWN OBJECT HAZARDS.
6. NEVER ALLOW BLADES to CONTACT SOLID OBJECTS like wire, rocks, posts, curbs, guardrails,
or ground while mowing.
ROTARY MOWERS CAN THROW OBJECTS 300 FEET OR MORE UNDER ADVERSE
CONDITIONS.
TO AVOID SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH TO OPERATOR OR BYSTANDERS FROM THROWN
OBJECTS:
INSPECT AREA FOR POTENTIAL THROWN OBJECTS BEFORE MOWING:
•
REMOVE debris, rocks, wire, cable, metal objects and other foreign material from area.
Wire, cable, rope, chains and metal objects can be thrown or swung outside deck with great velocity:
1. MARK objects that cannot be removed.
2. AVOID these objects when mowing.
STOP MOWING IF PASSERSBY IS WITHIN 300 FEET UNLESS:
•
All THROWN OBJECT SHIELDING including Front and Rear Deflectors, Chain Guards, Steel Guards,
Bands, Side Skirts and Skid Shoes are in place and in good condition when mowing.
•
Mower sections or wings are adjusted to be close and parallel to ground without exposing blades.
•
MOWING AREA has been inspected and foreign materials and debris have been removed.
•
PASSERSBY are inside enclosed vehicle.
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OPS-U-0040
Operation Section 4-39
OPERATION
3. DAILY INSPECT the condition of the Blades and Blade Bolts. Replace any cracked, worn, bent or
damage blades. Always replace blade bolts and nuts when replacing blades. Make sure the blade
bolts are properly tightened.
OPERATION
11.7 Shutting Down the Implement
OPERATION
To shut down attached mower head, first bring the
tractor to a complete stop. Decrease engine RPM
to idle then disengage cutterhead. The mower head
will come to a complete stop within a suitable
amount of time. Do not engage or disengage the
cutterheads at a high RPM unless there is an
emergency situation.
Park the tractor on a level surface, place the
transmission in park or neutral and apply the
parking brake, lower the attached implement to the
ground, shut down the engine, remove the key, and
wait for all motion to come to a complete stop
before exiting the tractor. OPS-U- 0016
12. DISCONNECTING THE MOWER FROM THE TRACTOR
Before disconnecting the mower, the PTO must be disengaged and blade rotation at a complete stop. Move
the mower to a level storage location and lower the center section and both wings to the ground. If the mower
will be stored with the wings in the raised position, install both wing transport lock pins. If the mower is not
resting securely on the ground, block the mower up securely before attempting to disconnect it from the
tractor.
Use extreme care to keep feet and hands from under the mower and clear of any pinch points.
OPS-R-0030_G
Always shut the Tractor completely down, place the transmission in park, and set the
parking brake before you or anyone else attempts to connect or disconnect the Implement
and Tractor hitches. (S3PT-15)
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Operation Section 4-40
OPERATION
Never unhitch without using the Tongue Jack. The Tongue is very heavy. Attempting to lift
the Tongue without using the Tongue Jack could cause strains or other injury. Allowing the
tongue to fall suddenly and unexpectedly could result in crushing injury. Use the Tongue
Jack for lifting the Implement only. Overloading the Tongue Jack can cause failure with
possible serious bodily injury or even death. (STI-04)
After disconnecting the mower hitch, remove the
mower driveline from the tractor PTO shaft. Place
the driveline in its storage bracket to prevent it
from contacting mud or dirt which can contaminate
the universal joint bearings and shorten the life of
the driveline.
After the driveline has been removed from the
tractor, place the PTO master shield back in the
operating position. OPS-R-0031
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Operation Section 4-41
OPERATION
When disconnecting the mower the tractor should
be completely shut down and secured in position.
Relieve hydraulic pressure by moving the control
levers back and forth several times. Lower the
parking jack and raise the mower until the tongue
clevis is no longer resting on the tractor drawbar
and is supported solely by the jack. The jack
should be in a near vertical position with the
ground and can be adjusted by loosening the
positioning nut and moving the jack up to 15
degrees in each direction. Also make sure that
the jack foot is securely resting at ground level or
securely supported by a block before raising the
mower.
Once the mower tongue is being
supported entirely by the jack, remove the hitch
bolt, locknut, and washers. Remove the hydraulic
hoses from the tractor and secure to the mower to
prevent contact with dirt.
OPERATION
13. MOWER STORAGE
It is recommended that the mower be stored with the center section and both wings fully lowered to ground
level. If the mower is stored with the wings in the raised position, select a level area and install wing transport
lock pins to prevent the wings from falling BEFORE disconnecting the mower hitch from the tractor.
Properly preparing and storing the mower at the end of the season is critical to maintaining its appearance
and to help ensure years of dependable service. The following are suggested storage procedures:
OPERATION
•
Thoroughly clean all debris off the mower to
prevent damage from rotting grass and
standing water.
• Lubricate all mower grease points and fill
gearbox oil levels as detailed in the
maintenance section.
• Tighten all bolts and pins to the recommended
torque.
• Check the mower for worn and damaged
parts.
Perform repairs and make
replacements immediately so that the mower
will be ready for use at the start of the next
season.
• Store the mower in a clean, dry place with the
mower housing resting securely on blocks or
at ground level.
• Keep the driveline yoke from sitting in water,
dirt and other contaminants.
• Use spray touch-up enamel where necessary
to prevent rust and maintain the appearance of
the mower.
It is critical that driveline clutches slip when an obstacle or heavy load is encountered to avoid mower and/or
tractor damage. If the mower sits outside for an extended period of time or is exposed to rain and/or humid
air, the clutch lining plates must be inspected to ensure they are not frozen together from rust or corrosion. If
the mower has been exposed to such conditions, at the start of each mowing season, and any time it is
suspected that the slip clutch plates may be frozen together, readjust the slip clutch as detailed in Seasonal
Clutch Maintenance of the maintenance section in this manual. OPS-R-0032_H
Never allow children to play on or around Tractor or Implement. Children can slip or fall off
the Equipment and be injured or killed. Inadvertent contact with controls can cause the
Implement to shift or fall crushing themselves or others. (SG-25)
14. TRANSPORTING THE TRACTOR AND IMPLEMENT
Inherent hazards of operating the tractor and implement and the possibility of accidents are not left behind
when you finish working in an area. Therefore, the operator must employ good judgement and safe operation
practices when transporting the tractor and implement between locations. By using good judgement and
following safe transport procedures, the possibility of accidents while moving between locations can be
substantially minimized. OPS-U- 0017
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Operation Section 4-42
OPERATION
Never allow children or other persons to ride on the Tractor or Implement.
Falling off can result in serious injury or death. (SG-10)
If the tractor’s hydraulic pump is not independent of
the tractor PTO, or if the tractor PTO has to be run
to have hydraulic power, disconnect the mower
driveline from the tractor PTO output shaft. Secure
the driveline to the mower deck to prevent driveline
damage or loss during transport. OPS-R-0034
Before transporting the tractor on a public roadway
or boarding a trailer for transport, the tractor brake
pedals should be locked together. Locking the
pedals ensures that both wheels brake
simultaneously while stopping, especially when
making an emergency stop.
Use extreme caution and avoid hard applications of
the tractor brakes when towing heavy loads at road
speeds. Never tow the implement at speeds
greater than 20 MPH (32 kph). OPS-U- 0018
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Operation Section 4-43
OPERATION
Before transporting the tractor and mower, idle the
tractor engine, disengage the PTO and wait for all
mower moving parts to come to a complete stop.
Once all mower parts are completely stopped, raise
the mower to transport height. NOTE: When
raising the mower, maintain at least 1” clearance
between the driveline and mower deck. If additional
mower deck height is needed for safe transport,
disconnect the driveline from the tractor and secure
its end to the mower deck. The mower can then be
raised to the maximum lift height. OPS-R-0033
OPERATION
14.1 Tire and Wheels
OPERATION
Laminated Sectional Tires are designed for conditions where puncture proof performance is required and
the mower will not be transported for long distances on roadways. Transport speed for laminated tires should
not exceed 15 MPH. Excessive speed can cause damage to the machine and tire sections. Laminated tires
must be installed such that the rubber segments lay with the ground.
Foam Filled used Airplane Tires are ideal for conditions where a puncture proof tire is needed and the
mower is frequently transported between locations. OPS-R-0035_D
Tire Size and Matching requirements - Center Axle
Tire assemblies when mounted on center axle duals should always be within limits listed.
Laminated Tires - Maximum difference between tire diameters on a center axle should be 1/2 inch or less.
Foam Filled Airplane Tires - Maximum difference between tire diameters on a center axle should be 1 inch or
less.
When replacing a tire assembly on center axle always check diameters to make sure tires fall within allowed
range for maximum tire and wheel life. It may be necessary to move one or more tires from wing axles to
remain within size limit.
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Operation Section 4-44
OPERATION
14.2 Transporting on Public Roadways
Extreme caution should be used when transporting the tractor and mower on public roadways. The tractor
must be equipped with all required safety warning features including a SMV emblem and flashing warning
lights to alert drivers of the tractor’s presence. Remember that roadways are primarily designed for
automotive drivers and most drivers will not be looking out for you, therefore, you must look out for them.
Check your side view mirrors frequently and remember that vehicles will approach quickly because of the
tractor’s slower speed. Be extremely cautious when the piece of equipment that you are towing is wider than
the tractor tire width and/or extends beyond your lane of the road.
Only tow the Implement behind a properly sized and equipped Tractor
which exceeds the weight of the Implement by at least 20%. DO NOT
tow the Implement behind a truck or other type of vehicle. Never tow the
Implement and another Implement connected in tandem. Never tow the
Implement at speeds over 20 MPH. (STI-06)
Never allow children or other persons to ride on the Tractor or Implement.
Falling off can result in serious injury or death. (SG-10)
Make certain that the “Slow Moving Vehicle” (SMV) sign is installed in
such a way as to be clearly visible and legible. When transporting the
Equipment use the Tractor flashing warning lights and follow all local
traffic regulations. (SG-6)
The SMV (Slow-Moving Vehicle) emblem is
universal symbol used to alert drivers of the
presence of equipment traveling on roadways at a
slow speed. SMV signs are a triangular bright
orange with reflective red trim for both easy day
and night visibility. Make sure the SMV sign is
clean and visible from the rear of the unit before
transporting the tractor and implement on a public
roadway. Replace the SMV emblem if faded,
damaged, or no longer reflective. OPS-U- 0020
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© 2015 Alamo Group Inc.
Operation Section 4-45
OPERATION
Make sure that a proper size safety tow chain is secured between the tractor, flex arm and mower before
entering a public road. Secure the center section at a safe transport height by placing additional stroke control
spacers on the center axle cylinder and then lower the mower. Secure the mower wings in the raised position
with the transport lock pins. OPS-R-0036_E
OPERATION
OPERATION
Make sure that all tractor flashing warning lights,
headlights, and brake/tail lights are functioning
properly before proceeding onto public roads. While
newer model tractors have plenty of lighting to
provide warning signals and operating lighting, most
older models are only equipped with operating lights.
Consult an authorized tractor dealer for lighting kits
and modifications available to upgrade the lighting on
older tractor models. OPS-U- 0021
When operating on public roads, have
consideration for other road users. Pull to the side
of the road occasionally to allow all following traffic
to pass. Do not exceed the legal speed limit set in
your country for agricultural tractors. Always stay
alert when transporting the tractor and implement
on public roads. Use caution and reduce speed if
other vehicles or pedestrians are in the area. OPSU- 0022
Reduce speed before turning or applying the brakes.
Ensure that both brake pedals are locked together
when operating on public roads. OPS-U- 0023
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Operation Section 4-46
OPERATION
14.3 Lighting & Marking of Agricultural Equipment - ANSI/ASE Standard 279.16
To meet the standards set forth by ANSI/ASE this machine is shipped from the factor equipped with lighting
attached to the rear of the machine to promote safety when transporting on public roads.
When transporting on roadways with the wings folded the lighting on the rear of the tractor will be blocked from
view of rear approaching vehicles. The lighting on the attached machine will compensate for the blocked
tractor lighting.
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Operation Section 4-47
OPERATION
Lighting on the trailing equipment plugs into the 7 Pin receptacle located on the rear of the tractor. Some
tractors may not be equipped with receptacle. It is highly recommended that a 7 Pin receptacle be
installed by a qualified technician on models that do not have a receptacle in order to safely transport
this equipment on public roadways.
OPERATION
14.4 Hauling the Tractor and Implement
Before transporting a loaded tractor and implement, measure the height and width dimensions and gross
weight of the complete loaded unit. Ensure that the load will be in compliance with the legal limits set for the
areas that will be traveled through
OPERATION
Use adequately sized and rated trailers and equipment to transport the tractor and implement. Consult an
authorized dealer to determine the proper equipment required. Using adequately sized chains, heavy duty
straps, cables and/or binders, securely tie down both the front and rear of the tractor utilizing the proper tie
down locations as specified by the tractor manufacturer.
Arrange the chains so that when tightened, the chains are pulling downward and against themselves. Carefully
tighten the securing chains or other fasteners using boomers or binders to apply maximum tension. Use
extreme care when attaching and removing the securing devices as the extreme tension involved when
released has the potential to inflict serious injury.
While hauling the tractor and implement, make occasional stops to check that the tractor and implement have
not moved or shifted and that the securing chains have maintained tension. If during transport a hard braking,
sharp turning, or swerving action was performed, stop at the next safe location to inspect the security of the
load.
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Operation Section 4-48
OPERATION
15. TROUBLE SHOOTING GUIDE
Problem
Possible Cause
Remedy
Excessive Vibrations
Check Gearbox bolts.
Check for loose nuts on
Blade holder and Blades
Check for bent output shaft.
If shaft is bent oil will normally
leak from the bottom seal.
Check to see if blades are
free swinging.
Check for even wear on each
blade tip. Were both blades
changed at the same time?
Blade Broken.
Blade carrier bent.
Blade hub not properly
seated on shaft
New Blade or bolts matched
Drivelines not phased correctly.
Implement & tractor yokes must
be in line.
Tighten if loose.
Tighten if loose.
Low on lubricant.
Improper type lubricant.
Excessive trash build-up
around gear box
Bearing or gears set up improperly
Fill to level plug.
Replace with EP80W-90.
Remove trash.
Consult your dealer.
Gearbox Noisy
Rough gears.
Worn bearing.
Run in or change gears.
Replace bearing
Gear Box Leaking
Damaged oil seal
Bent shaft.
Shaft rough in oil seal area.
Oil seal installed wrong.
Oil seal not sealing in the housing.
Replace Seal.
Replace oil seal and shaft.
Replace or repair shaft.
Replace seal.
Replace seal or use a sealant
on OD of seal.
Drain oil to proper level.
Replace castings or gearbox.
Replace gasket.
Tighten bolts.
Oil level too high.
Sand hole in casting.
Gasket damaged.
Bolts loose.
Clutch Slips Excessively
Clutch linings badly worn or
plates warped.
Too much power for clutch.
Oil on facings.
Friction facings glazed.
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Operation Section 4-49
Free blades so they swing
Weigh blades. Weight should be
within 1 oz. Always replace both blades
Replace blades, in sets.
Replace carrier.
Remove hub, check tapered spline
shaft, clean and replace.
Replace blades or bolts in sets
Replace Drivelines.
Repair clutch per maintenance
section of manuals.
Reduce ground speed and material
intake.
Replace facings.
Clean with emery cloth.
OPERATION
Gearbox Overheating
Replace shaft if bent.
OPERATION
Uneven Cut
Excessive ground speed.
Blades worn, dull, or bent.
Mower not level side to side.
Improper height adjustment.
OPERATION
Low tractor tire pressure on
one side.
Turning too fast.
Tractor tires push grass down.
Damaged Mower pan.
Uncut Material
Excessive ground speed
RPM too low
Improper blade for direction of cut.
Poor Shredding
Windrowing or Uneven
Material Distribution
© 2015 Alamo Group Inc.
Reduce ground speed.
Use full PTO speed.
(Refer to your tractor operator's
manual)
Install blades so rotation is correct.
Excessive ground speed.
Raise the front of Mower relative to the
rear to hold and circulate material
longer. (Refer to the "Operation
Section-Setting the Mower-Setting
Deck Height”) Reduce ground speed.
Cutting too high.
Lower cutting height. (Refer to the
"Operation Section-Setting the MowerSetting Deck Pitch”)
Material heavy and lush.
Raise the front of Mower relative to the
rear. (Refer to the "Operation SectionSetting the Mower- Setting Deck
Height”)
Reduce ground speed.
Wait for conditions to dry. Reduce
ground speed.
Excessive ground speed
Conditions too wet.
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Reduce ground speed.
Replace blades.
(Refer to "Maintenance" section).
Adjust. (Refer to "Assembly" section)
Adjust Mower height.
(Refer to "Assembly" section)
Adjust tire pressure.
(Refer to your tractor operator's
manual)
Reduce ground speed when turning.
Adjust your tractor wheel spacing.
(Refer to "Operation" section)
Repair or replace as necessary.
Operation Section 4-50
MAINTENANCE SECTION
Maintenance Section 5-1
© 2015 Alamo Group Inc.
MAINTENANCE
MAINTENANCE
HAZARDS WITH MAINTENANCE OF IMPLEMENT
AVOID SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH FROM COMPONENT FAILURE BY KEEPING
IMPLEMENT IN GOOD OPERATING CONDITION IN PERFORMING PROPER
SERVICE, REPAIRS AND MAINTENANCE.
BEFORE PERFORMING SERVICE, REPAIRS AND MAINTENANCE ON THE IMPLEMENT:
SECURE EQUIPMENT FOR SERVICE
BLOCK OUT POTENTIAL ENERGY HAZARDS; Rotating Parts, Raised Components, Hydraulic
Pressure.
• STOP ENGINE AND PTO, engage parking brake, lower implement, allow all moving parts to stop and
remove key before dismounting from tractor.
• PLACE implement on ground or securely block up raised equipment. Use large blocks on soft or wet soil.
• SECURELY LATCH and LOCK raised implement wings.
• BLOCK UP IMPLEMENT TONGUE with large blocks and tongue jack. DO NOT crawl or work under
implement supported only by tongue jack.
• PUSH and PULL Remote Hydraulic Cylinder lever to relieve hydraulic pressure.
• DISCONNECT IMPLEMENT Hydraulic HOSES from tractor.
• DISCONNECT IMPLEMENT driveline from tractor PTO SHAFT.
WEAR SAFETY GLASSES, PROTECTIVE GLOVES and follow SAFETY PROCEDURES when
performing service, repairs and maintenance on the implement:
• Always WEAR protective GLOVES when handling blades, knives, cutting edges or worn component with
sharp edges.
• Always WEAR GLOVES and SAFETY GLASSES when servicing hot components.
• AVOID CONTACT with hot hydraulic oil tanks, pumps, motors, valves and hose connection surfaces.
• SECURELY support or BLOCK UP raised implement, framework and lifted components before working
underneath equipment.
• STOP any implement movements and SHUT-OFF TRACTOR engine before doing any work procedures.
• USE ladder or raised stands to reach high equipment areas inaccessible from ground.
• ENSURE good footing by standing on solid flat surfaces when getting on implement to perform work.
• FOLLOW manufacturer's instructions in handling oils, solvents, cleansers, and other chemical agents.
• DO NOT change any factory-set hydraulic calibrations to avoid component or equipment failures.
• DO NOT modify or alter implement, functions or components.
• DO NOT WELD or repair rotating mower components. These may cause vibrations and component
failures being thrown from mower. PN HM02
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Maintenance Section 5-2
MAINTENANCE
HAZARDS WITH MAINTENANCE OF IMPLEMENT CONTINUED
PERFORM SERVICE, REPAIRS, LUBRICATION AND MAINTENANCE OUTLINED IN IMPLEMENT
MAINTENANCE SECTION:
•
INSPECT for loose fasteners, worn or broken parts, leaky or loose fittings, missing or broken cotter keys,
and washers on pins, and all moving parts for wear.
•
REPLACE any worn or broken parts with authorized service parts.
•
LUBRICATE unit as specified by lubrication schedule.
•
NEVER lubricate, adjust or remove material while it is running or in motion.
•
TORQUE all bolts and nuts as specified.
BLADE INSPECTION:
•
REPLACE bent, damage, cracked or broken blades immediately with new blades.
•
AVOID blade failures and thrown broken blades. DO NOT straighten, weld, or weld hard-facing blades.
SAFETY SHIELDS, GUARDS AND SAFETY DEVICES INSPECTION:
•
KEEP all Deflectors, Chain Guards, Steel Guards, Gearbox Shields, and PTO integral shields, Bands,
Side Skirts and Skid Shoes in place and in good condition.
•
REPLACE any missing, broken or worn safety shields, guards and safety devices.
Operating, servicing and maintaining this equipment can expose you to chemicals
including gasoline, diesel fuel, lubricants, petroleum products, engine exhaust, carbon
monoxide, and phthalates, which are known to the State of California to cause cancer and
birth defects or other reproductive harm. To minimize exposure, avoid breathing exhaust,
do not idle the engine except as necessary, service your vehicle in a well-ventilated area
and wear gloves or wash your hands frequently when servicing your vehicle. Battery posts,
terminals and related accessories contain lead and lead compounds, chemicals known to
the state of California to cause cancer, birth defects or other reproductive harm. For more
information go to www.P65Warnings.ca.gov. This website, operated by California's Office
of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment, provides information about these chemicals
and how individuals may be exposed to them. PN HM02-A
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Maintenance Section 5-3
MAINTENANCE
AVOID SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH FROM COMPONENT FAILURE BY KEEPING
IMPLEMENT IN GOOD OPERATING CONDITION IN PERFORMING PROPER
SERVICE, REPAIRS AND MAINTENANCE.
MAINTENANCE
PARTS INFORMATION
MAINTENANCE
PARTS INFORMATION
Bush Hog mowers use balanced and matched system components for blade carriers, blades, cuttershafts,
knives, knife hangers, rollers, drivetrain components, and bearings. These parts are made and tested to Bush
Hog specifications. Non-genuine "will fit" parts do not consistently meet these specifications. The use of “will
fit” parts may reduce mower performance, void warranties, and present a safety hazard. Use genuine Bush
Hog mower parts for economy and safety. (SPBH-1)
SEE YOUR BUSH HOG DEALER
Before operating your Rotary Cutter, make sure it is properly lubricated and thoroughly inspected. Only a
minimum of time and effort is required to regularly lubricate and maintain this machine to provide long life and
trouble free operation.
Always disengage the PTO before raising the Rotary Cutter for transporting or making
adjustments.
NOTE: Some guards and shields have been removed from the illustrations and pictures for instructional clarity.
DO NOT operate implement with out all shields and guards in place and in good condition.
Lubrication
Do not let excess grease collect on or around parts, particularly when operating in sandy areas. The
accompanying illustration shows lubrication points. The chart gives the frequency of lubrication in hours, based
on normal operating conditions. Severe or unusual conditions may require more frequent lubrication.
Add EP85W-140 oil, if necessary, to bring oil level to check plug located on side of housing. Capacity of center
and wing gearboxes is 3 quarts, 6 ozs (3L). Capacity of power divider gearbox is 1quart, 29 oz (1.8L). Use
N.L.G.I #2 type grease for all locations designated with grease gun. Be sure to clean the fitting thoroughly
before using grease gun. Failure to maintain proper lubrication will result in damage to U-joints, gearbox, and/
or driveshaft.
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Maintenance Section 5-4
MAINTENANCE
MAINTENANCE
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Maintenance Section 5-5
MAINTENANCE
MAINTENANCE
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Maintenance Section 5-6
MAINTENANCE
MAIN CV DRIVELINE SAFETY SHIELD
To remove the outer CV cone, remove the locking screws from shield cone. Remove cone over yoke. Figure
Mnt-R-0038 Remove bearing ring and remove the locking screws from inner shield cone. Figure Mnt-R-0038.
Turn inner cone to assembly position and remove half shield. Remove bearing ring. FIGURE MNT-R-0038.
MAINTENANCE
To assemble outer CV driveline, grease yoke groove and inner profile tube. Attach bearing ring on groove with
recesses facing profile tube. FIGURE MNT-R-0039. Slide on half shield with cone. Turn cone until it engages
correctly. FIGURE MNT-R-0039. Tighten locking screws. Grease bearing groove in double yoke. FIGURE
MNT-R-0039. Insert bearing ring. Slide guard cone for double yoke over cam from the connecting end. Make
sure holes for screws are visible. FIGURE MNT-R-0039. Tighten locking screws. FIGURE MNT-R-0039.
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Maintenance Section 5-7
MAINTENANCE
CAT V WING DRIVELINE SHIELDS
MAINTENANCE
To remove the main inner driveline shield, Remove the locking screws. Align the bearing tabs with the cone
pockets. FIGURE Mnt-0026. Remove the half-guard and remove the bearing ring. FIGURE Mnt-R-0012.
Inspect the driveline shield for worn areas or cracks. If the shield has any dents or cracks, replace the Shield.
While the Shields are off, examine the Driveline for signs of abnormal wear, bent or twisted shafts, or cracks in
the shafts or tubes. Check to see that the Drivelines telescope easily. If the Drivelines do not telescope properly or show signs of abnormal wear, the shaft should be repaired or replaced.
To assemble the main inner driveline shield, grease the yoke groove and inner profile tube. Attach the bearing
ring in groove with recesses facing profile tube. FIGURE Mnt-0027. Slide on the half shield. Turn the cone until
it engages correctly. Install locking screws. FIGURE Mnt-0028.
IMPORTANT!
Check that Guard
Missing decal on steel
under inner guard and
Rotating
Driveline
Decal
are
firmly
affixed,
undamaged
and readable. If not,
replace.
IMPORTANT: Scan this QR Code with your smart phone to link to the ADMA
Driveline Safety Manual for more information on the safe use of a driveline during
normal operation and maintenance. Or type in your internet browser the following
web address: www.algqr.com/dme Ops-0009-MISC
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Maintenance Section 5-8
MAINTENANCE
SEASONAL CLUTCH MAINTENANCE
It is important that the clutches slip when an obstacle or load heavier than the clutch setting is encountered.
Therefore, if the machine sits outside longer than 30 days and is exposed to rain and/or humid air it is
important to make sure that the clutch lining plates are not rusted/frozen together. Before using the cutter use
the following procedure to make sure the clutch will slip and give the overload protection required.
1. Loosen eight nut retaining clutch springs 1/3 turn or until spring can be turned with fingers.
3. Retighten nuts to within 1/64” of original position. Initial spring lengths are shown in Figure Mnt-R-0476.
Failure to retighten spring nuts to original position may cause damage to implement and/or
tractor due to improper slip clutch torque setting.
Do not over-tighten nut and cause spring to become solid as this will cause shaft to fail.
SLIP CLUTCH ADJUSTMENT
The slip clutch is factory present to the correct torque for protecting implement and tractor. Periodic adjustment
is recommend. Should adjustment be needed, first check to be sure all spring lengths are the same. Initial
spring lengths are shown in Figure Mnt-R-0476. If necessary, adjust nut on an spring that is unequal. Adjust all
eight spring retaining nuts 1/3 of a turn (2 flats on a nut) and check clutch slippage. If further adjustment is
necessary, do so in 1/3 turn increments. Adjust only to provide sufficient torque to prevent slippage under
normal conditions. Occasional slippage is normal for drivetrain protection. If satisfactory results cannot be
obtained consult your Bush Hog dealer.
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Maintenance Section 5-9
MAINTENANCE
2. With Tractor at idle speed, engage tractor PTO drive for 2-3 seconds. Clutch should slip without turning
blades. If clutch does not slip, contact your authorized Bush Hog dealer.
MAINTENANCE
BLADE SERVICING
Inspect blades before each use to determine that they are properly installed and in good condition. Replace
any blade that is bent, excessively nicked, worn, or has any other damage. Small nicks can be ground out
when sharpening.
MAINTENANCE
Use only original equipment blades on this cutter. They are made of special heat-treated
alloy steel. Substitute blades may not meet specifications and may fail in a hazardous
manner that could cause injury.
Replace bent or broken blade with new blades. NEVER ATTEMPT TO STRAIGHTEN OR
WELD ON BLADES SINCE THIS WILL LIKELY CRACK OR OTHERWISE DAMAGE THE
BLADE WITH SUBSEQUENT FAILURE AND POSSIBLE SERIOUS INJURY FROM
THROWN BLADES. (SGM-10)
•
•
•
Manually wiggle the blade carriers to check for any looseness.
Retighten any loose parts.
Recheck torque every 50 hours.
Operating with loose blade hardware will damage the blade holder and blades. Whenever
the blades have been removed or replaced, the hardware must be re-tightened after the first
eight hours of operation. On new units check blade hardware and the blade nut torque after
first 8 hours.
Operating with loose blade holder will damage the blade holder and output shaft, two initial
tightenings are required. Re-tighten after one hour and again after the day of operation. In
severe cutting conditions or commercial use, a daily inspection is required.
To help prevent structural damage caused by loose hardware, tighten gear case hardware
as specified. Check torque after first 8 hours of use and every 50 hours thereafter.
Inspect Blades daily for abnormal wear. If Blades have a notch worn into the leading edge at
the lower bend more than a 1/2” DEEP (due to running in gravel and/or the ground),
REPLACE BOTH BLADES ON THAT CARRIER IMMEDIATELY. Failure to replace such
abnormally worn blades may lead to catastrophic failure of the blade and ejection of the
broken part with tremendous force which may cause bodily injury or death.
NOTE: Replace Blades in pairs after no more than 1/2" notch wear. Use only genuine Bush Hog replacement
blades!
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Maintenance Section 5-10
MAINTENANCE
BLADE SHARPENING
Always sharpen both blades at same time to maintain balance. Follow original sharpening pattern as shown in
FIGURE Mnt-R-0008. Always sharpen blades by grinding. DO NOT heat and pound out edge. Do not sharpen
blade to a razor edge, but leave a 1/16" blunt edge. Do not sharpen back side of blade.
IMPORTANT: When sharpening blades, grind each blade the same amount to maintain balance. The
difference in blade weights should not exceed 1 ounce. Unbalanced blades will cause excessive vibration
which can damage gear box bearings. Vibration may also cause structural cracks in cutter housing.
NOTE: Replace Blades in pairs after no more than 1/2" notch wear!
BLADE REMOVAL
It is not necessary to remove the complete blade
holder assembly to replace the blades. Blade bolts
are accessible through a hole in the top of the cutter
deck. Always replace both blades on a spindle using
two blades having the same weight. Use only
genuine Bush Hog replacement blades.
1. Remove nuts from blade bolts. A blade nut
socket (Part No. 6432) can be bought at your
Bush Hog dealer and used with an adjustable
wrench (not supplied) to remove blade nut.
Blade nut can also be removed with a 1-11/16”
socket.
2. Inspect blade bolt shoulder for wear. Replace if
necessary.
3. Assemble new blades to blade holder using
blade bolts, nuts and lockwashers. Refer to
BLADE ROTATION DIAGRAM for blade
placement. Tighten nuts to 450ft./lbs if lubed,
600 ft./lbs. if dry. Strike blade bolt head with
heavy hammer to seat, then re-tighten.
4. Check to be sure blades swing 360º freely. If blades will not swing freely, remove, locate problem, and
repair. Operating cutter when blades will not swing freely will cause excessive vibration, damaging
implement.
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Maintenance Section 5-11
MAINTENANCE
Never work under equipment supported by a hydraulic device because it may drop if the
control is actuated (even with the engine stopped) or in the event of hose failure, etc. Always
use a secure support for equipment which must be serviced while in the raised position.
MAINTENANCE
MAINTENANCE
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Maintenance Section 5-12
MAINTENANCE
Installation
Operating the mower with a loose blade pan or holder can damage the taper connection on
the gearbox output shaft. To ensure proper seating between the blade holder and output
shaft check and tighten the retaining nut after the first day of operation. Recheck the blade
carrier attachment each morning before operating. Grasp the carrier firmly with both hands
and try to push and pull the carrier with one hand while pulling and pushing with the other
hand to try to rock or oscillate the blade carrier. If the carrier is loose retighten the retaining
nut before operating the mower.
Avoid personal injury. Do not work under cutter without support blocks to keep frame from
falling.
WHEEL HUB ASSEMBLY
The Wheel Hub Assemblies need to be lubricated
every 120 hours. FIGURE MntP-R-0032.
AXLE ARM SPRING
Axle Arm Spring adjustment should be maintained
at a dimension of 4.75” equally on all axle arms
from the top of the axle arm to the top of the Spring
Cap. (Always make sure at least two threads of the
bolt extend past the top of the locknut).
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Maintenance Section 5-13
MAINTENANCE
1. Align the blade holder so the cotter pin hole is positioned 90º to the blade bar (for ease of installing the
cotter pin).
2. Place blade holder assembly, washer, and retaining nut on lower shaft. Torque nut to 450 ft. lbs. Strike the
head of the blade bolt with a sledge hammer on one side and then the other. this will help seal the pan to
the gearbox output shaft. Always recheck the torque of the nut after using the sledge hammer.
3. Install cotter pin. It may be necessary to tighten nut slightly to install cotter pin. Always tighten slightly more
so that the cotter pin may be installed. Do not “Back Off” on the nut to align slots with hole.
NOTE: After a few hours of operation always recheck blade carrier retaining nut torque.
MAINTENANCE
TIRES AND WHEELS
MAINTENANCE
Before working on any tires and wheels make certain the Cutter is jacked up high enough and securely
supported. When installing laminated or airplane tires, be sure the flat side of the lug nut is against the Wheel.
When installing Sectional Tires and Wheels note the direction of travel and the curvature of rubber segments in
the tire (See Assembly Section). Do not exceed 15 M.P.H. on Sectional Tires. When removing Airplane Tires,
let all of the air out of the tire before removing lug nuts or wheel bolts or nuts. Remove valve core to make
certain that there is no air pressure left in tube before separating wheel halves to dismount tires. DO NOT
LOOSEN WHEEL CLAMP BOLTS BEFORE PRESSURE IS REMOVED FROM TUBE AND TIRE TO
PREVENT EXPLOSIVE SEPARATION OF WHEEL HALVES WITH POSSIBLE SERIOUS BODILY INJURY.
Do not exceed 15 M.P.H. on Airplane or Rib Implement Tires.
Maximum airplane tire inflation pressure is 50 PSI, minimum inflation pressure is 20 PSI.
TONGUE
The Tongue Hitch Pins attach the Tongue to the Center Section and should be checked for signs of wear or
cracking. Replace as needed. The Drawbar 1" Bolt fastens the mower to the tractor Drawbar. When the mower
is unhitched and this 1" Bolt is removed, examine for signs of cracking or wear. Replace the Drawbar 1" Bolt at
first sign of either problem. FIGURE Op-1155
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Maintenance Section 5-14
MAINTENANCE
HIGH PRESSURE OIL LEAK HAZARD
•
•
DO NOT OPERATE equipment with oil or fuel leaks.
KEEP all hydraulic hoses, lines and connections in GOOD CONDITION and TIGHT before applying system
pressure.
•
RELIEVE HYDRAULIC PRESSURE before disconnecting lines or working on the system.
•
REMOVE and replace hose if you suspect it leaks. Have dealer test it for leaks.
HIGH PRESSURE FLUID LEAKS CAN BE INVISIBLE.
WHEN CHECKING FOR HYDRAULIC LEAKS AND WORKING AROUND HYDRAULIC SYSTEMS:
•
ALWAYS WEAR safety glasses and impenetrable gloves.
•
USE paper or cardboard to search for leaks.
•
DO NOT USE hands or body parts to search for leak.
•
KEEP hands and body AWAY from pin holes and nozzles ejecting hydraulic fluid.
•
Hydraulic fluid may cause gangrene if not surgically removed immediately by a doctor familiar with this form of injury.
PN HP01
HYDRAULIC HOSES
Replace pinched and broken Hydraulic Hoses at once. Tighten any Hydraulic Fitting with fluid leaking from it. If
fluid still leaks, loosen the fitting, apply a pipe thread compound to the threads and tighten. Care must be
exercised when tightening Hydraulic Fittings. Too much tightening can cause the fittings to crack and require
replacement fittings.
Although a small amount of oil will be present from bleeding at all Hydraulic Fittings, significant amounts of oil
leaking around the Breather Plug on the Cylinder indicates that the seal in the Cylinder is worn out. Replace
the seals in the Cylinder immediately before the Cylinder is damaged or too much hydraulic fluid is lost.
MAXIMUM ALLOWABLE OPERATING OIL TEMPERATURE
Do not operate this implement if the tractor hydraulic oil temperature exceeds 200°F
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Maintenance Section 5-15
MAINTENANCE
TO AVOID SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH FROM HIGH PRESSURE HYDRAULIC OIL LEAKS
PENERATING SKIN:
MAINTENANCE
Flex Wing Hydraulic Cylinder Replacement Instructions
Implement Cylinders Removal and Replacement
Follow these Steps:
1. Clear the area of all personnel before lowering the wings.
MAINTENANCE
2. From the tractor seat with your seat belt fastened around you, Lower the implement wings to the ground.
• Do Not attempt to replace the cylinder with the wings in the raised position.
3. Shut off the tractor, engage the parking brake, place the tractor transmission in the park position, and
remove the key before dismounting.
4. Block up the center and wing sections with blocks or jack stands
5. Release all oil pressure from the circuit by moving the valve controls handles back and forward.
6. Remove the Implement Input Driveline from the tractor PTO shaft.
7. Remove the hydraulic hoses from tractor quick disconnects.
8. Wear Safety Glass and impenetrable gloves when working with hydraulic hoses and fittings.
9. Check to see that the cylinder is not under pressure by moving the cylinder pins by hand. The pins should
be loose. If the cylinder pins are in a bind and can not be moved the cylinder maybe under pressure. Make
sure the implement decks and axles are supported by blocks and then carefully remove one of the cylinder
pins.
• Do Not allow any one or any part of your body to be underneath the implement wing.
• Do not loosen the hydraulic connections to the cylinder until all pressure has been relieved.
10. Slowly loosen the hydraulic hose connection to the cylinder.
11. Remove the other cylinder pin and remove the cylinder. The cylinder maybe heavy, use proper lifting
techniques to lift and handle the cylinder and if needed get assistance in lifting from another person.
12. Measure the distance between the cylinder pin holes and extend the new cylinder to that length before
installing.
13. Install the new cylinder in place and install both cylinder pins and retaining clips in place.
14. Reconnect hydraulic hose(s) to the cylinder, and tighten the fittings.
• Wing cylinder has a special adapter with a small hole drilled in it to control the lowering speed on the
wing. Make sure this adaptor is installed. Without this adaptor, the wing can fall rapidly.
15. Reconnect the implement hoses to the tractor.
16. Get into the Tractor seat and fasten your seat belt. Clear the area of all persons before attempting to raise
the wing. From the tractor seat, start the tractor and operate the control valve to raise the wing.
17. Look for sign of oil leak. If an oil leak exists, shut the tractor down and remove all oil pressure in the lines
by moving the valve control handles back and forward.
• Retighten any lose fittings or connections.
• If a hose is leaking, replace the hose with a new hose.
18. If there are no leaks raise and lower the wing completely at least three full cycles to remove any air trapped
in the circuit.
19. Check the hydraulic reservoir of the tractor to ensure there is sufficient oil.
20. If the wing is to remain in the raised position attached the wing transport lock pins.
2820-12820 01/15
© 2015 Alamo Group Inc.
Maintenance Section 5-16
MAINTENANCE
SKID SHOES
Skid shoes are made of carbon steel to reduce wear and increase service life. Premature wear can be caused
by the mower Center or Wing sections being set too low which allows the Wing Skid Shoes to drag on the
ground. Dragging the Skid Shoes on the ground or running the Skid Shoes into solid objects can contribute to
early frame failure on the mower. Replace worn Skid Shoes as required.
Your rotary cutter represents an investment from which you should get the greatest possible benefit. Therefore,
when the season is over, the cutter should be thoroughly checked and prepared for storage so that a minimum
amount of work will be required to put it back into operation for the next season. The following are suggested
storage procedures:
1. Thoroughly clean the cutter.
2. Lubricate the cutter as covered in Maintenance Section.
3. Tighten all bolts and pins to the recommended torque.
4. Check the cutter for worn or damaged parts. Make replacements immediately.
5. Store the cutter in a clean, dry place with the cutter housing resting on blocks.
6. Use spray touch-up enamel where necessary to prevent rust and maintain the appearance of the cutter.
PROPER TORQUE FOR FASTENERS
The chart lists the correct tightening torque for fasteners. When bolts are to be tightened or replaced, refer to
this chart to determine the grade of bolts and the proper torque except when specific torque values are
assigned in manual text.
RECOMMENDED TORQUE IN FOOT POUNDS UNLESS OTHERWISE STATED IN THE MANUAL*
NOTE: These values apply to fasteners as received from supplier, dry or when lubricated with normal engine
oil. They do not apply if special graphited or molydisulphide greases or other extreme pressure lubricants are
used. This applies to both UNF fine and UNC coarse threads.
2820-12820 01/15
© 2015 Alamo Group Inc.
Maintenance Section 5-17
MAINTENANCE
STORAGE
MAINTENANCE
MAINTENANCE
2820-12820 01/15
© 2015 Alamo Group Inc.
Maintenance Section 5-18
SEGURIDAD
SEGURIDAD
D813_1
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© 2018 Alamo Group Inc.
SEGURIDAD
SEGURIDAD
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SEGURIDAD
SEGURIDAD
Sección de Seguridad 1-26
© 2018 Alamo Group Inc.
SEGURIDAD
SEGURIDAD
Sección de Seguridad 1-25
© 2018 Alamo Group Inc.
SEGURIDAD
SEGURIDAD
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© 2018 Alamo Group Inc.
SEGURIDAD
SEGURIDAD
Sección de Seguridad 1-23
© 20118 Alamo Group Inc.
SEGURIDAD
SEGURIDAD
Sección de Seguridad 1-22
© 2018 Alamo Group Inc.
SEGURIDAD
SEGURIDAD
Sección de Seguridad 1-21
© 2018 Alamo Group Inc.
SEGURIDAD
SEGURIDAD
Sección de Seguridad 1-20
© 2018 Alamo Group Inc.
SEGURIDAD
SEGURIDAD
Sección de Seguridad 1-19
© 2018 Alamo Group Inc.
SEGURIDAD
SEGURIDAD
Sección de Seguridad 1-18
© 2018 Alamo Group Inc.
SEGURIDAD
Descripción de Calcomanía
SEGURIDAD
Sección de Seguridad 1-17
© 2018 Alamo Group Inc.
SEGURIDAD
SEGURIDAD
INFORMACIÓN DE PARTES
INFORMACIÓN DE PARTES
Las cortadoras BUSH HOG usan balanciadas y componentes de systema seleccionado para los portadores
de cuchillas, cuchillas, eje de cortar, navaja, suspensiones de navajas, los rodillos, los componentes de línea
motriz, y cojinetes. Estas partes son echas y probadas a la especificaciones de BUSH HOG. Partes que no
son auténticas no regularmente llegan con estas especificaciones. El uso de partes que no son auténticas
puede reducir el funcionamiento de la cortadora, anular garantias, y presentar un peligro de seguridad. Use
partes de cortadora auténticas de BUSH HOG por economía y seguridad. (SPBH-1 SP)
CONTACTE A SU DISTRIBUIDOR BUSH HOG
NOTA: Si necessita un manual completamente en español por favor de ponerse en contacto a;
Translations, dirección 1502 E. Walnut Street Seguin, TX 78155; Fax: (830) 372-9529
Sección de Seguridad 1-16
SEGURIDAD
RIESGOS CON EL MANTENIMIENTO DEL IMPLEMENTO Continuado
SEGURIDAD
MANTENGA
LOS
IMPLEMENTOS
EN
BUENAS
CONDICIONES
DE
FUNCIONAMIENTO, A TRAVÉS
DE
UN
SERVICIO,
REPARACIÓN
O
MANTENIMIENTO APROPIADO.
REALICE LAS TAREAS DE SERVICIO, REPARACIÓN, LUBRICACIÓN Y MANTENIMIENTO QUE SE
DESCRIBEN EN LA SECCIÓN DE MANTENIMIENTO DEL IMPLEMENTO:
• INSPECCIONE el implemento para detectar sujeciones sueltas, partes gastadas o rotas, ajustes sueltos o
con filtraciones, que los pasadores tengan chavetas y arandelas, y las partes móviles para detectar el
desgaste.
• REEMPLACE todas las partes gastadas o rotas con repuestos autorizados.
• LUBRIQUE la unidad tal como se especifica en el cronograma de lubricación.
• NUNCA lubrique, ajuste o quite material mientras el equipo está en funcionamiento o movimiento.
• AJUSTE todas las tuercas y pernos tal como se especifica.
INSPECCIÓN DE CUCHILLAS:
• REEMPLACE las cuchillas dobladas, dañadas, agrietadas o rotas inmediatamente por cuchillas nuevas.
• EVITE fallas de las cuchillas y que vuelen trozos de cuchillas. NO enderece, suelde o suelde con
superficies rígidas.
INSPECCIÓN DE PROTECTORES DE SEGURIDAD, GUARDAS Y DISPOSITIVOS DE SEGURIDAD:
• MANTENGA en su lugar y en buen estado todos los deflectores, protectores de cadena, protectores de
acero, cubiertas de caja de engranajes, cubiertas integrales de PTO, bandas, faldones laterales y
zapatas antideslizantes.
• REEMPLACE cualquier protector, cubierta o dispositivo de seguridad faltante, roto o gastado.
Operar, dar servicio y mantener este equipo puede exponerlo a productos químicos como
gasolina, combustible diesel, lubricantes, productos derivados del petróleo, gases de
escape de motores, monóxido de carbono y ftalatos, que el Estado de California considera
que causan cáncer y defectos de nacimiento y otros daños reproductivos. Para minimizar
la exposición, evite respirar el escape, no haga funcionar el motor en ralentí excepto
cuando sea necesario, haga el mantenimiento de su vehículo en un área bien ventilada y
use guantes o lávese las manos frecuentemente cuando realice el mantenimiento de su
vehículo. Los postes de la batería, terminales y accesorios relacionados contienen plomo
y compuestos de plomo, productos químicos que en el estado de California son conocidos
por causar cáncer, defectos de nacimiento y otros daños reproductivos. Para obtener más
información, vaya a www.P65Warnings.ca.gov. Este sitio web, operado por la Oficina de
Evaluación de Peligros para la Salud Ambiental de California, proporciona información
sobre estos químicos y cómo las personas pueden estar expuestas a ellos. PN HM02 SP
Sección de Seguridad 1-15
© 2018 Alamo Group Inc.
SEGURIDAD
SEGURIDAD
RIESGOS CON EL MANTENIMIENTO DEL IMPLEMENTO
MANTENGA
LOS
IMPLEMENTOS
EN
BUENAS
CONDICIONES
DE
FUNCIONAMIENTO, A TRAVÉS
DE
UN
SERVICIO,
REPARACIÓN
O
MANTENIMIENTO APROPIADO.
ANTES DE REALIZAR TAREAS DE SERVICIO, REPARACIÓN Y MANTENIMIENTO DEL IMPLEMENTO:
ASEGURE EL EQUIPO PARA EL SERVICIO
BLOQUE LOS RIESGOS POTENCIALES DE ENERGÍA;piezas giratorias, componentes levantados,
presión hidráulica.
• APAGUE EL MOTOR Y EL PTO, coloque el freno de mano, descienda el implemento, espere a que se
detengan todas las partes móviles y quite la llave antes de bajarse del tractor.
• COLOQUE el implemento sobre el suelo o trabe de manera segura los equipos elevados. Utilice bloques
grandes sobre suelo blando o húmedo.
• CIERRE FIRMEMENTE Y TRABE las alas del implemento levantado.
• TRABE LA LENGUA DEL IMPLEMENTO con bloques grandes y el gato de remolque. NO gateé o
trabajar debajo del implemento solo sostenido por el gato de remolque.
EMPUJE y JALE la palanca del Cilindro Hidráulico Remoto para liberar la presión hidráulica.
DESCONECTE las mangueras hidráulicas de implemento del tractor.
•
•
• DESCONECTE la línea de conducción del IMPLEMENTO del EJE DE PTO del tractor.
USE GAFAS DE SEGURIDAD y GUANTES PROTECTORES y siga todos los PROCEDIMIENTOS DE SEGURIDAD al realizar
tareas de servicio, reparación y mantenimiento sobre el implemento:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Siempre USE GUANTES protectores al manipular las hojas, cuchillas, bordes filosos o un componente
desgastado con bordes filosos.
Siempre USE GUANTES y GAFAS DE SEGURIDAD al reparar componentes en caliente
EVITE EL CONTACTO con tanques de aceite hidráulico, bombas, motores, válvulas y superficies de
conexión de mangueras calientes.
SUJETE FIRMEMENTE o TRABE EN POSICIÓN ELEVADA todos los implementos, bastidores y componentes
elevados antes de trabajar sobre los equipos que se encuentran debajo.
DETENGA el movimiento de todos los implementos y APAGUE EL MOTOR DEL TRACTOR antes de realizar
ninguna tarea.
USE una escalera o gradas elevadas para alcanzar áreas altas del equipo a las que no se pueda acceder
desde la tierra.
ASEGÚRESE de estar bien apoyado sobre superficies sólidas planas al subirse al implemento para realizar
tareas.
SIGA las instrucciones del fabricante sobre cómo manipular los lubricantes, solventes, limpiadores y otros
agentes químicos.
NO cambie ninguna calibración hidráulica de fábrica para evitar fallas de los componentes o equipos.
NO modifique o altere el implemento, las funciones o componentes.
NO SUELDE o repare los componentes de la cortadora. Esto puede causar vibraciones y fallas de los
componentes que se desprendan de la cortadora. PN HM01 SP
Sección de Seguridad 1-14
SEGURIDAD
RIESGOS EN TRANSPORTE
SEGURIDAD
PARA EVITAR LESIONES GRAVES O LA MUERTE AL REMOLCAR O TRANSPORTAR EQUIPOS:
•
MANTENGA la velocidad de transporte POR DEBAJO DE 20 millas por hora para mantener el control del equipo.
•
REDUZCA LA VELOCIDAD en terreno inclinado, en las curvas y en condiciones de remolque desfavorables.
•
NO REMOLQUE camiones u otros vehículos
•
USE un tractor de tamaño adecuado y equipado en función del equipo de remolque.
•
SIGA todas las reglamentaciones de tránsito locales.
REQUISITOS DEL TRACTOR PARA REMOLCAR O TRANSPORTAR IMPLEMENTOS:
•
SÓLO TRANSPORTE en el tractor con el mecanismo ROPS (antivuelco) en posición elevada.
•
USE un tractor de tamaño adecuado y equipado, que supere el peso del implemento en al menos un 20%
•
MANTENGA EL 20% del peso del tractor en las ruedas frontales para mantener la dirección en forma segura.
ANTES DE TRANSPORTAR O REMOLCAR EL IMPLEMENTO:
INSPECCIÓN DEL TRACTOR:
•
VERIFIQUE la dirección y los frenos para asegurarse el correcto funcionamiento y las condiciones adecuadas.
•
VERIFIQUE LLEVAR EL AVISO DE SMV, los reflectores y las luces de advertencia para la adecuada operación y
visibilidad detrás de la unidad.
•
VERIFIQUE que no haya impedimentos a la visión mientras conduce, en el tractor, la cabina o el implemento, sentado
en el asiento del tractor.
•
AJUSTE su posición de conducción, los espejos y el transporte del implemento para tener una visión clara para
condiciones de conducción y tránsito.
PREPARE EL IMPLEMENTO PARA EL TRANSPORTE O EL REMOLQUE:
COLOQUE LAS TRABAS PARA TRANSPORTE Y LAS CADENAS DE SEGURIDAD:
•
ELEVE LA CORTADORA e INSTALE topes o pasadores de transporte cilíndricos en el eje central
•
ELEVE LAS ALAS e INSTALE TRABAS DE TRANSPORTE o pasadores.
•
AJUSTE LA CADENA DE SEGURIDAD del implemento al tractor.
•
QUITE todo material cortado que se acumule en la plataforma de la cortadora.
DETERMINAR LAS CARACTERÍSTICAS DE DETENCIÓN DEL TRACTOR Y EL IMPLEMENTO PARA EL
TRANSPORTE O REMOLQUE:
PRUEBAS DE FRENADO:
•
FRENE a velocidades en aumento.
•
Observe las distancias de DETENCIÓN con el aumento de velocidad.
•
DETERMINE la velocidad de transporte máxima segura que no supere las 20 millas por hora.
DETERMINE LA VELOCIDAD DE GIRO MÁXIMA ANTES DE OPERAR EN CARRETERAS O TERRENO
IRREGULAR:
•
PONGA A PRUEBA el equipo aumentando lentamente la velocidad en las curvas para determinar si se puede operar a
mayor velocidad.
•
USE MENORES velocidades de giro en las curvas pronunciadas para evitar el vuelco.
AL REMOLCAR O TRANSPORTAR EL EQUIPO:
•
Siempre USE EL CINTURÓN DE SEGURIDAD al operar o transportar la cortadora.
•
USE bajas velocidades para evitar el vuelco con las alas elevadas.
•
USE bajas velocidades y dirección gradual en las curvas, colinas, o en superficies irregulares o poco uniformes, y en
carreteras mojadas.
•
ENCIENDA LAS BALIZAS DE ADVERTENCIA del tractor.
•
TENGA EN CUENTA el espacio necesario para el vaivén del implemento en las curvas.
MANTENGA todas las alas elevadas a 3 metros (10 pies) o una mayor distancia de todos los cables de
alimentación y obstrucciones elevadas. PN TH01 SP
Sección de Seguridad 1-13
© 2018 Alamo Group Inc.
SEGURIDAD
SEGURIDAD
RIESGOS ELÉCTRICOS Y DE FUEGO
PARA EVITAR LESIONES GRAVES O LA MUERTE POR CONTACTO ELÉCTRICO AL
TRABAJAR CERCA DE CABLES ELÉCTRICOS, LÍNEAS DE GAS Y DE SERVICIOS:
•
INSPECCIONE el área de corte para que no interfiera con cables de alimentación eléctricos subterráneos,
obstrucciones, líneas de gas, cables y servicios, estructuras municipales o de otro tipo.
•
MANTENGA todas las alas elevadas a 3 metros (10 pies) o una mayor distancia de todos los cables de
alimentación y obstrucciones elevadas.
•
NO ponga en contacto la cortadora con ninguna estructura u obstrucción de servicios o municipales.
•
LLAME AL 811 y al 1-800-258-0808 para identificar cables de servicios subterráneos.
PAUTAS DE PREVENCIÓN DE INCENDIOS durante la operación, reparación y servicio de la cortadora y el
tractor, a fin de reducir el riesgo de incendio del equipo y de la vegetación:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
El tractor debe estar EQUIPADO CON MATAFUEGOS
NO OPERE la cortadora sobre un tractor equipado con escape debajo del bastidor
NO FUME ni acerque fuego directo a la cortadora o el tractor
NO CONDUZCA sobre residuos encendidos o en áreas recientemente quemadas
EVITE LA FORMACIÓN DE CHISPAS al no permitir que la hoja de la cortadora entre en contacto con objetos
sólidos como metal o roca.
AJUSTE LOS EMBRAGUES DESLIZANTES para evitar el deslizamiento excesivo y el calentamiento de la
placa del embrague.
LIMPIE todo resto de hierba o residuo acumulado alrededor de las líneas de conducción de la cortadora, los
embragues deslizantes y cajas de cambios.
APAGUE EL MOTOR al cargar combustible. PN EF01 SP
Sección de Seguridad 1-12
SEGURIDAD
RIESGO DE FILTRACION DE ACEITE HIDRÁULICO DE ALTA PRESIÓN
SEGURIDAD
PARA EVITAR LESIONES GRAVES O LA MUERTE POR PENETRACIÓN DE FILTRACIONES DE
ACEITE HIDRÁULICO DE ALTA PRESIÓN:
•NO OPERE el equipo con filtraciones de aceite o combustible.
•
MANTENGA todas las mangueras hidráulicas, líneas y conexiones en BUEN ESTADO y AJUSTADAS antes de
aplicar presión al sistema.
•
LIBERE LA PRESIÓN HIDRÁULICA antes de desconectar las líneas o trabajar en el sistema.
•
QUITE y reemplace la manguera si sospecha que tiene filtraciones. Solicite al distribuidor que verifique si hay
filtraciones.
LAS FILTRACIONES DE LÍQUIDO DE ALTA PRESIÓN PUEDEN NO SER VISIBLES.
AL VERIFICAR FILTRACIONES HIDRÁULICAS Y TRABAJAR CERCA DE LOS SISTEMAS HIDRÁULICOS:
•
SIEMPRE USE gafas de seguridad y guantes impenetrables.
•
USE papel o cartón para verificar si hay filtraciones.
•
NO USE las manos o partes del cuerpo para detectar filtraciones.
•
MANTENGA las manos y el cuerpo LEJOS de los orificios de clavijas y boquillas de eyección de fluido hidráulico.
•
El fluido hidráulico puede causar gangrena si no es extirpado quirúrgicamente de inmediato por un médico
especializado en este tipo de lesiones. PN HP01 SP
Sección de Seguridad 1-11
© 2018 Alamo Group Inc.
SEGURIDAD
SEGURIDAD
RIESGO DEL CONTACTO A LAS CUCHILLAS DE CORTADORA
MANTÉNGASE LEJOS DE LAS CUCHILLAS GIRATORIAS PARA EVITAR LESIONES GRAVES
O LA MUERTE POR CONTACTO CON LA CUCHILLA:
•
•
•
•
•
MANTÉNGASE LEJOS y NO ACERQUE LAS MANOS, LOS PIES y EL CUERPO a las cuchillas giratorias, líneas
de conducción y partes hasta que todos los elementos móviles se hayan detenido.
NO ponga las manos o los pies debajo de las plataformas de la cortadora
DETENGA las CUCHILLAS giratorias antes de elevar la plataforma de la cortadora o las alas
DETENGA la cortadora, EXAMÍNELA Y PRESTE ATENCIÓN A LOS SONIDOS antes de acercarse a la cortadora
para asegurarse de que se haya detenido todo el movimiento giratorio.
Si se produce un bloqueo de material en las áreas de entrada y descarga de la cortadora, APAGUE EL MOTOR DEL TRACTOR ,
desenganche la toma de fuerza y esperar a que todo movimiento de rotación se detenga. Coloque el tractor en posición de estacionamiento , ponga el freno de estacionamiento y retire la llave antes de abandonar el asiento del operador. Despejar la obstrucción antes de proceder con la siega. Asegúrese de mantener los pies y las manos alejadas de las cuchillas de la
cortadora . Si se eleva las alas del cortacésped o segadoras para acceder a la obstrucción, enganche las trabas de
cierre y bloque con seguridad la cortadora antes de colocar cualquier parte del cuerpo por debajo de la segadora .
PN MB01 SP
Sección de Seguridad 1-10
SEGURIDAD
RIESGO DE ENREDO POR EL PTO
SEGURIDAD
MANTÉNGASE ALEJADO DE LAS LÍNEAS DE CONDUCCIÓN Y OTROS ELEMENTOS
GIRATORIOS PARA EVITAR LESIONES GRAVES O LA MUERTE:
MANTÉNGASE LEJOS y NO ACERQUE las manos, los pies y el cuerpo a las cuchillas giratorias, líneas de
conducción y partes hasta que todos los elementos móviles se hayan detenido.
•
•
DETENGA la cortadora, EXAMÍNELA Y PRESTE ATENCIÓN A LOS SONIDOS antes de acercarse a la cortadora
para asegurarse de que se haya detenido todo el movimiento giratorio.
LOS ELEMENTOS GIRATORIOS SIGUEN ROTANDO una vez apagada la PTO.
PROTECCIÓN DE LA PTO:
PARA EVITAR LESIONES GRAVES O LA MUERTE POR ENREDO AL OPERAR EL IMPLEMENTO:
•
•
•
•
MANTENGA instalados los protectores, las cubiertas integrales de las líneas de conducción y las cubiertas de
entrada
NO OPERE la cortadora si los protectores o cubiertas no están bien colocados o faltan.
REEMPLACE O REPÁRELOS si faltan, están dañados o rotos
SIEMPRE REEMPLACE LOS PROTECTORES que se han quitado para tareas de reparación o mantenimiento.
PARA EVITAR que la línea de conducción se rompa durante las operaciones:
•
•
•
•
•
•
VERIFIQUE que la línea de conducción tenga el largo adecuado entre el eje de PTO y el eje de la caja de cambios
del implemento.
Las líneas de conducción demasiado cortas se pueden soltar o romper.
Las líneas de conducción demasiado largas pueden tocar el suelo.
Un ensamblaje telescópico de la línea de conducción que toque el suelo no se deslizará y se solidificará.
Si la línea de conducción toca el suelo, puede atravesar los cojinetes de soporte y romper el eje de PTO.
EVITE hacer curvas pronunciadas o elevar la cortadora a alturas que puedan hacer caer la línea de conducción.
Lubrique los componentes telescópicos del eje de transmisión en forma semanal.
COMUNÍQUESE CON EL DISTRIBUIDOR si la línea de conducción del implemento no coincide con el eje de
PTO del tractor:
•
NO UTILICE UN ADAPTADOR DE PTO.
El uso de un adaptador de PTO puede causar vibración excesiva, caída de objetos, fallas de las cuchillas y el
implemento como consecuencia de la duplicación de la velocidad operativa. El aumento de la longitud de trabajo
puede exponer áreas desprotegidas de la línea de conducción. PN PE01 SP
Sección de Seguridad 1-9
© 2018 Alamo Group Inc.
SEGURIDAD
SEGURIDAD
RIESGO DE ATROPELLO
PARA EVITAR LESIONES GRAVES O LA MUERTE POR CAÍDA DEL TRACTOR O ATROPELLO
DEL EQUIPO:
•
•
•
•
•
•
USE tractores equipados con SISTEMA ANTIVUELCO (ROPS) y CINTURONES DE SEGURIDAD para las
operaciones de corte.
MANTENGA EL SISTEMA ROPS trabado en posición vertical.
SÓLO ENCIENDA el tractor sentado en el asiento del tractor.
SIEMPRE ABRÓCHESE el cinturón de seguridad al operar el tractor y los equipos.
SÓLO OPERE el tractor y el equipo sentado en el asiento del tractor.
NUNCA LLEVE A OTRAS PERSONAS en el tractor o implemento.
AL SUBIR Y BAJAR DEL TRACTOR:
•
•
• SÓLO suba o baje del tractor cuando éste y sus partes móviles estén detenidos.
• APAGUE EL MOTOR Y LA TDF, coloque el freno de mano, descienda del implemento, espere a que se detengan
todas las partes móviles y quite la llave antes de bajarse del tractor. PN RO01 SP
Sección de Seguridad 1-8
SEGURIDAD
RIESGO DE OBJECTOS LANZADOS Continuado
•
NO opere la cortadora con la(s) ala(s) elevada(s) o en posición de transporte.
•
AJUSTE LA ALTURA de corte para EVITAR EL CONTACTO DE LAS CUCHILLAS con objetos sólidos, como
alambres, piedras, postes, cordones, guardarrailes y obstrucciones fijas.
•
AJUSTE las secciones de la cortadora o la ala cercana y paralela al suelo sin exponer las cuchillas
•
No opere la cortadora en áreas susceptibles al ataque de abejas o insectos, salvo que USE PRENDAS
PROTECTORAS o una cabina de tractor cerrada.
•
USE CABINAS DE TRACTOR CERRADAS cuando haya dos o más cortadoras operando en un mismo sector.
•
NO exceda la capacidad de corte nominal de la cortadora, ni corte elementos que no sean vegetación.
•
NO ENCIENDA EL PTO con la cortadora en posición de transporte.
•
1. DETENGA EL PTO y retroceda la cortadora.
2. DESCIENDA la cortadora, encienda el PTO y corte hacia adelante.
DETENGA EL PTO y las CUCHILLAS al elevar las alas o la cortadora a posición de transporte.
•
EVITE OPERAR LA CORTADORA en reversa:
•
1. LAS CUCHILLAS PUEDEN FALLAR con el impacto y los objetos pueden ser arrojados a gran velocidad.
2. INSPECCIONE y REEMPLACE las cuchillas dañadas.
3. VERIFIQUE el equilibrio del porta cuchillas y REEMPLÁCELO si está dañado.
NO opere la cortadora en agua PARA EVITAR una posible FALLA DE LAS CUCHILLAS.
•
DETENGA EL PTO Y EL MOTOR del tractor.
INSPECCIONE la cortadora para detectar la fuente de la vibración
REEMPLACE toda parte dañada o las CUCHILLAS dobladas o dañadas.
SEGURIDAD
OPERACIÓN DE LA CORTADORA:
DETENGA LA CORTADORA de inmediato si las cuchillas entran en contacto con objetos pesados, estructuras fijas,
guardarrailes de metal y estructuras de cemento. Apague el motor del tractor, desenganche la toma de fuerza y
esperar a que todo movimiento de rotación se detenga. Coloque el tractor en posición de estacionamiento , ponga el
freno de estacionamiento y retire la llave antes de abandonar el asiento del operador.:
DETENGA la cortadora cuando se produzca VIBRACIÓN EXCESIVA:
•
1.
2.
3.
PN TO01-X SP
Sección de Seguridad 1-7
© 2018 Alamo Group Inc.
SEGURIDAD
SEGURIDAD
RIESGO DE OBJECTOS LANZADOS
LAS CORTADORAS GIRATORIAS PUEDEN ARROJAR OBJETOS A 90 METROS (300 PIES) O MÁS EN
CONDICIONES ADVERSAS.
PARA EVITAR LESIONES GRAVES O LA MUERTE AL OPERADOR O TRANSEÚNTES COMO
CONSECUENCIA DE OBJETOS ARROJADOS:
•
MANTENGA a los transeúntes a 100 metros de distancia (300 pies)
NO OPERE LA CORTADORA SI HAY PERSONAS A MENOS DE 100 METROS(300 PIES), SALVO QUE:
•
Todos los PROTECTORES CONTRA OBJETOS ARROJADOS estén colocados y en buen funcionamiento al operar la cortadora,
entre los que se incluyen los deflectores frontales y traseros, los protectores de cadena, los protectores de acero, las bandas, los
faldones laterales y las zapatas antideslizantes.
•
Las partes de la cortadora o la ala estén ajustadas cerca y paralelas al suelo, sin exponer las cuchillas.
•
Se ha inspeccionado el ÁREA DE CORTE y se han quitado todos los materiales extraños y residuos.
•
LOS TRANSEÚNTES estén en el interior de un vehículo cerrado.
ANTES DE OPERAR LA CORTADORA, INSPECCIONE EL ÁREA PARA DETECTAR LA POSIBILIDAD DE OBJETOSQUE
PUEDAN SER LANZADOS:
•
QUITE residuos, piedras, cables, alambres, objetos metálicos y cualquier otro objetos extraños del área.
Los alambres, cables, sogas, cadenas y objetos metálicos pueden ser arrojados o salir desprendidos de la plataforma a
gran velocidad:
No permita que las cuchillas de la cortadora entren en contacto con cadáveres de animales en descomposición o otros
materiales peligrosos. Las cuchillas de la cortadora podrían arrojar materiales peligrosos y biològicos de la cortadora,
exponiendo al operador y personas presentes a riesgos de salud. Siempre use el equipo de protección personal
(PPE) aprobado por OSHA cuando limpie o retire material potencialmente peligroso de equipo.
1. MARQUE los objetos que no se puedan quitar.
2. EVITE estos objetos cuando use la cortadora.
INSPECCIÓN DEL ÁREA PARA DETECTAR HIERBA ALTA Y MALEZAS:
•
INSPECCIONE Y QUITE cualquier residuo oculto de gran tamaño.
•
PASE LA CORTADORA a una altura intermedia
•
INSPECCIONE y quite el residuo restante
•
PASE LA CORTADORA a la altura final
PROTECCIÓN CONTRA OBJETOS ARROJADOS DE LA CORTADORA:
•
MANTENGA todos los protectores contra objetos arrojados en su lugar y en buen funcionamiento al operar la cortadora, entre los
que se incluyen los deflectores frontales y traseros, los protectores de cadena, los protectores de acero, las bandas, los faldones
laterales y las zapatas antideslizantes.
•
NO OPERE LA CORTADORA si falta algún protector contra objetos arrojados, o si éstos están dañados.
DERECHO DE PASO (autopista) CON LA CORTADORA
•
UTILICE PROTECTORES DE CADENA DOBLES para autopistas, derecho de paso, parques o cortes en cinturón verde donde
pueda haber viviendas, vehículos o ganado dentro de los 100 metros (300 pies) de la cortadora.
•
Ninguna protección ofrece una eficacia del 100% en la prevención de objetos arrojados. Para reducir la posibilidad de que se produzcan lesiones:
1. MANTENGA LOS PROTECTORES DE LA CORTADORA, los faldones laterales, la zapatas antideslizantes y las cuchillas en
buen estado de funcionamiento,
2. ELEVE LA ALTURA DE CORTE a 15 CM (6 PULGADAS) como mínimo,
3. INSPECCIONE EL ÁREA con cuidado antes de pasar la cortadora para ELIMINAR el posible riesgo de OBJETOS
ARROJADOS,
NUNCA PERMITA QUE LAS CUCHILLAS EN MOVIMIENTO ENTREN EN CONTACTO CON OBJETOS SÓLIDOS como
alambres, piedras, postes, cordones, guardarrailes o el suelo. PN TO01 SP
4.
Sección de Seguridad 1-6
SEGURIDAD
SEGURIDAD DE CONECTAR O DESCONECTAR IMPLEMENTO
AL DAR MARCHA ATRÁS el tractor hacia el enganche del implemento:
NO PERMITA QUE HAYA PERSONAS entre el tractor y el implemento
SEGURIDAD
PARA EVITAR LESIONES GRAVES O LA MUERTE POR APLASTAMIENTO POR EL TRACTOR O
IMPLEMENTO:
•
•
ANTES de conectar y desconectar el enganche del implemento:
•
APAGUE EL MOTOR DEL TRACTOR, coloque la palanca en “estacionar", ponga el freno de mano y saque la llave.
Al conectar y desconectar el enganche del implemento:
•
•
•
NO se agache o camine debajo de la cortadora o la ala en posición elevada.
USE el GATO con lengüeta para elevar lengüetas de implementos pesados a fin de controlar el movimiento de la lengüeta del
implemento.
EVITE recargar el gato para evitar una falla de éste y una lesión al operador.
AL CONECTAR LA LÍNEA DE CONDUCCIÓN DEL IMPLEMENTO:
PARA EVITAR que la línea de conducción del implemento se suelte durante la operación:
•
•
•
LUBRIQUE el anillo de cierre del resorte del yugo para asegurarse de que se deslice libremente sobre el eje de PTO
ASEGURE las bolas de cierre del yugo en la muesca del eje de PTO.
PRESIONE y JALE DE LA LÍNEA DE CONDUCCIÓN del EJE DE TOMA DE FUERZA(PTO) del tractor y del implemento para
asegurarse de que estén FIRMEMENTE SUJETADOS
PARA EVITAR que la línea de conducción se rompa durante las operaciones:
•
•
•
•
•
VERIFIQUE que la línea de conducción tenga el largo adecuado entre el eje de PTO y el eje de la caja de cambios del implemento.
Las líneas de conducción demasiado cortas se pueden soltar o romper.
Las líneas de conducción demasiado largas pueden tocar el suelo.
Un ensamblaje telescópico de la línea de conducción que toque el suelo no se deslizará y se solidificará.
Si la línea de conducción toca el suelo, puede atravesar los cojinetes de soporte y romper el eje de PTO.
COMUNÍQUESE CON EL DISTRIBUIDOR si la línea de conducción del implemento no coincide con el eje de TDF del tractor:
•
•
•
•
NO UTILICE UN ADAPTADOR DE PTO.
El uso de un adaptador de PTO puede ocasionar:
Vibración excesiva, caída de objetos, fallas de la hoja y el implemento como consecuencia de la duplicación de la velocidad operativa.
Mayor extensión de trabajo, lo que deja expuestas áreas desprotegidas de la línea de conducción e implica el riesgo de enredo con
otros objetos.
ANTES DE QUITAR LAS TRABAS DE RETENCIÓN DE LAS ALAS:
•
•
•
•
CONECTE las mangueras al tractor
LLENE los cilindros de las alas con lubricante
MANTENGA a los transeúntes lejos del área antes de operar las alas
DESCIENDA LAS ALAS de manera lenta y cuidadosa.
NO conecte la cortadora a un tractor con la TDF directamente conectada a la transmisión del tractor.
PN CD01 SP
Sección de Seguridad 1-5
© 2018 Alamo Group Inc.
SEGURIDAD
SEGURIDAD
RIESGO DE APLASTAMIENTO
PARA EVITAR UNA LESIÓN GRAVE O LA MUERTE POR CAÍDA DEL TRACTOR, O EL APLASTAMIENTO,
VUELCO Y APLASTAMIENTO DE UN EQUIPO POR LA CAÍDA DE UNA ALA O UN IMPLEMENTO:
•
USE tractores equipados con SISTEMA ANTIVUELCO (ROPS) y CINTURONES DE SEGURIDAD para las operaciones de corte.
•
MANTENGA EL SISTEMA ROPS trabado en posición vertical.
•
SIEMPRE ABRÓCHESE el cinturón de seguridad al operar el tractor y los equipos.
•
SÓLO OPERE el tractor y el equipo sentado en el asiento del tractor.
•
EN CASO DE EMERGENCIA , apague el motor del tractor , desenganche la toma de fuerza y esperar a que todo movimiento de
rotación se detenga. Coloque el tractor en posición de estacionamiento , ponga el freno de estacionamiento y retire la llave antes
de abandonar el asiento del operador.
AL ELEVAR O DESCENDER LAS ALAS:
•
Eleve o descienda las alas SÓLO CUANDO ESTÉ SENTADO en el asiento del tractor, con el cinturón de seguridad ajustado.
•
Eleve o descienda las alas SÓLO cuando la lengüeta del implemento esté firmemente ajustada a la barra de tracción del tractor
PARA EVITAR el vuelco del implemento.
•
MANTENGA A LOS TRANSEÚNTES FUERA del área de operación PARA EVITAR accidentes por aplastamiento.
•
MANTENGA suficiente espacio libre alrededor de los implementos y alas PARA EVITAR el contacto con edificios o cables
elevados.
Los equipos ELEVADOS se pueden caer por fallas mecánicas o hidráulicas o por un movimiento inesperado de la palanca de
control.
PARA EVITAR LA CAÍDA DEL EQUIPO al trabajar cerca o debajo de las alas, los componentes e
implementos elevados por un enganche de tractor de 3 puntos:
•
SUJETE CON FIRMEZA o bloquee en posición vertical todos los equipos, alas y componentes elevados.
•
BLOQUEE EN POSICIÓN VERTICAL y sujete con firmeza el equipo antes de poner las manos, los pies o el cuerpo debajo
de los equipos o componentes elevados.
•
MANTENGA A LOS TRANSEÚNTES LEJOS de las alas dobladas hasta que estén bloqueadas o trabadas en posición
vertical.
AL ESTACIONAR el implemento y el tractor:
•
DESCIENDA el implemento, TRABE o BLOQUEE las partes elevadas antes de alejarse del equipo.
•
NUNCA deje un implemento sin atención en posición elevada.
PARA EVITAR LA CAÍDA O EL APLASTAMIENTO DE NIÑOS POR EL EQUIPO:
•
NUNCA DEJE que los niños jueguen sobre el tractor o los implementos, ni en sus alrededores.
AL DESENGANCHAR EL IMPLEMENTO:
•
DESCIENDA el implemento, TRABE o BLOQUEE las partes elevadas antes de alejarse del equipo.
•
USE el gato de la lengüeta para controlar el movimiento de la lengüeta del implemento
•
USE el GATO de le lengüeta para elevar lengüetas de implementos pesados.
EVITE recargar el gato para evitar falla al gato y una lesión al operador.
•
ANTES DE QUITAR LAS TRABAS DE RETENCIÓN DE LAS ALAS:
•
CONECTE las mangueras al tractor
•
LLENE los cilindros de las alas con lubricante
•
MANTENGA a los transeúntes lejos del área de funcionamiento de las alas
•
DESCIENDA LAS ALAS de manera lenta y cuidadosa. PN CH01 SP
Sección de Seguridad 1-4
SEGURIDAD
SEGURIDAD DEL OPERADOR
LEA, COMPRENDA y SIGA las instrucciones del Manual del Operador, al igual que las Advertencias y Mensajes de
Seguridad.
USE GAFAS DE SEGURIDAD, calzado protector, casco, protección auditiva y guantes al operar o reparar el equipo
USE un aparato de respiración apropiado al operar en condiciones polvorientas a fin de evitar contraer
enfermedades respiratorias.
NO USE prendas sueltas o joyas que se puedan enredar con las partes giratorias y causar una lesión.
NO CONSUMA DROGAS o ALCOHOL antes o durante la operación del equipo.
NO PERMITA que nadie opere el equipo bajo los efectos negativos de las drogas o el alcohol.
CONSULTE a un médico para conocer los efectos desfavorables de la medicación sobre los sentidos.
MANTÉNGASE ALERTA, la operación prolongada puede causar fatiga. HAGA UNA PAUSA y DESCANSE.
SEGURIDAD
PARA EVITAR LESIONES GRAVES O LA MUERTE, SIGA LAS SIGUIENTES INSTRUCCIONES:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
SEGURIDAD DE OPERACIÓN GENERAL
CONDICIONES DE VISIBILIDAD AL USAR LA CORTADORA:
•
OPERE LA CORTADORA CON LUZ SOLAR o con luz que aporte una visibilidad nítida de más de 90 metros (100
yardas).
DEBE PODER VISUALIZAR e identificar transeúntes, terrenos empinados, pozos, desniveles, obstrucciones
elevadas, cables de alimentación, residuos y objetos extraños.
•
VELOCIDAD RESPECTO AL SUELO AL USAR LA CORTADORA:
•
El rango de VELOCIDAD NORMAL es de entre 2 y 5 millas por hora.
•
AJUSTE LA VELOCIDAD DE CORTE según las condiciones del terreno y el tipo de césped, la densidad y la altura
del corte.
REDUZCA LA VELOCIDAD DE CORTE al acercarse a inclinaciones empinadas, pozos, desniveles, obstrucciones
elevadas, cables de alimentación y para evitar residuos y objetos extraños.
•
INFESTACIÓN CON INSECTOS
•
No opere en áreas susceptibles al ataque de abejas o insectos, salvo que USE PRENDAS PROTECTORAS o una
cabina de tractor cerrada.
VELOCIDAD DE PTO:
•
•
NO EXCEDA LA VELOCIDAD DE PTO NOMINAL DEL IMPLEMENTO
EVITE superar las velocidades nominales de PTO, porque puede causar roturas en la línea de conducción o fallas
de las cuchillas.
SEÑALES DE SEGURIDAD:
•
REEMPLACE cualquier señal de seguridad faltante, dañada o ilegible. PN OS01 SP
Sección de Seguridad 1-3
© 2018 Alamo Group Inc.
SEGURIDAD
SEGURIDAD
INSTRUCCIONES DE SEGURIDAD Y PRÁCTICAS GENERALES
El mejor operador es un operador cuidadoso. La seguridad es de importancia fundamental para el fabricante,
y también debería serlo para el propietario u operador. La mayoría de los accidentes se pueden evitar
prestando suma atención al equipo, al ambiente circundante, y tomando algunas precauciones. La primera
sección de este manual incluye una lista de Mensajes de Seguridad que deben observarse para contribuir a
la protección del operador y otras personas frente a lesiones o la muerte. Lea con atención estos Mensajes
de Seguridad antes de ensamblar, operar o reparar este Implemento. Este equipo sólo debe ser operado por
personas que hayan leído el manual, responsables y calificadas, que sepan cómo hacerlo de manera
responsable.
El Símbolo de Alerta de Seguridad se utiliza en combinación con una Señal Verbal, tal como la
que se muestra a continuación, en todo este manual y en los autoadhesivos adheridos a los
equipos. El Símbolo de Alerta de Seguridad significa:
“¡ATENCIÓN! ¡MANTÉNGASE ALERTA! ¡SU SEGURIDAD ESTÁ EN JUEGO!” El Símbolo y
la Señal Verbal tienen el objetivo de advertir al propietario/operador sobre un riesgo inminente y
el grado de lesión que se puede producir al operar este equipo.
Adopte todas las medidas habituales para trabajar en forma segura y, sobre
todo, recuerde que la seguridad depende de USTED. Sólo USTED puede
impedir una lesión grave o la muerte a causa de prácticas no seguras.
Indica una situación peligrosa inminente que, de no ser evitada, OCASIONARÁ la
MUERTE O UNA LESIÓN MUY GRAVE.
Indica una situación peligrosa inminente que, de no ser evitada, PODRÍA OCASIONAR la
MUERTE O UNA LESIÓN MUY GRAVE.
Indica una situación peligrosa inminente que, de no ser evitada, PODRÍA OCASIONAR
UNA LESIÓN MENOR.
Identifica instrucciones o procedimientos específicos que, de no observarse
estrictamente, podrían ocasionar daños o la destrucción de la maquinaria, los accesorios
o el entorno.
NOTA: Identifica aspectos de particular interés para lograr una operación o reparación más eficiente y
conveniente.
LEA CON ATENCIÓN Y RESPETE los siguientes Mensajes de Seguridad. Si no se
siguen cuidadosamente las advertencias e instrucciones indicadas en este Manual y en
los Mensajes de Seguridad del implemento, se pueden producir lesiones graves o la
muerte. Siempre siga las instrucciones de este manual y use el sentido común para evitar
situaciones peligrosas.
Los pictogramas se utilizan a lo largo de este manual para ayudar a que su atención visual se centre en los
problemas de seguridad.
NOTA: Si desea obtener una traducción de esta sección de seguridad en alguno de los siguientes idiomas,
comuníquese con: Translations, a la dirección 1502 E. Walnut Street Seguin, TX 78155; Fax: (830) 3729529; La Sección de Seguridad está disponible en español, portugués, francés, alemán, ruso. PN GS01 SP
Sección de Seguridad 1-2
SECCIÓN DE SEGURIDAD
Sección de Seguridad 1-1
© 2018 Alamo Group Inc.
Instrucciones de operaciones antes de la entrega del DISTRIBUIDOR al CLIENTE
El distribuidor deberá informar al comprador de este producto las condiciones, disposiciones y procedimientos de
garantía aplicables; informar la responsabilidad del comprador de capacitar a sus operadores para la operación
segura; revisar el contenido del Manual del Operador, incluido el equipo de seguridad, la operación segura y el
mantenimiento; y revisar las Señales de Seguridad que se encuentran en el implemento (y en el tractor, de ser
posible).
IMPLEMENTOS PLEGABLES: He explicado que no es posible proteger contra objetos arrojados cuando el
cabezal está elevado del suelo y que el operador es responsable de verificar que no existan personas en las
inmediaciones. He explicado que el brazo o cabezal de cortadora elevado puede entrar en contacto con
obstrucciones elevados y dañar cables y líneas telefónicas, y posiblemente causar lesiones. He explicado que
el brazo o cabezal extendido, o el brazo retraído, puede entrar en contacto con cables de alimentación y
causar lesiones o la muerte por electrocución, y que el operador es responsable de evitar dichos riesgos.
•
MÁQUINAS HIDRÁULICAS: He explicado la necesidad de usar aceite hidráulico limpio, cambiar los filtros
según las instrucciones, detener filtraciones, prevenir daños por operar con aceite demasiado caliente, cuidar
las mangueras, usar mangueras del tipo correcto, mantener la presión operativa especificada y prevenir el
posible riesgo de que el aceite penetre en la piel.
•
LÍNEAS DE CONDUCCIÓN: Me he asegurado de que todos los protectores de líneas de conducción, de caja
de engranajes y otros están en buenas condiciones de reparación y firmemente sujetados para prevenir
lesiones por enredo u objetos arrojados.
•
IMPLEMENTOS: He explicado que los deflectores, protectores de cadena o faldones sólidos se deben
mantener en buenas condiciones de reparación y se deben instalar, excepto en zonas donde personas,
vehículos, ganado u otros bienes no corran peligro por objetos arrojados, y en los casos en que dichos
equipos de seguridad impedirían un desempeño razonable de la cortadora en su tarea asignada.
•
SERVICIO ANTES DE LA ENTREGA
VERIFIQUE Y AJUSTE O LUBRIQUE SEGÚN SEA NECESARIO
Consulte los detalles en el Manual del Operador
Inspección realizada – Garantía y procedimientos de seguridad explicados – Instalación realizada
LUBRICACIÓN E HIDRÁULICA
CONEXIONES DE CORTADORA A TRACTOR
 Caja de engranajes (niveles de aceite)
 Longitud de barra de enganche (verificar y fijar)
 Nivel de aceite hidráulico (tanque externo)
 Pivote y conexiones de bastidor en A
 Nivel de aceite hidráulico del tractor
 Barras de control (ajustadas iguales)
 Mangueras hidráulicas (no retorcidas y ajustadas)
 Altura de eje (ajustar)
 Propulsor de bomba frontal (conjunto ajustado y eje  Altura de corte (ajustar)
bien alineado)
 Verificación de pre-operación de kit de montaje
 Aleta de cortadora (ajustar nivel con el centro)
CORTADORA
 Aleta de cortadora (verificar operación de elevación
 Pernos de husillo y motor bien ajustados
correcta)
 Nivel de aceite del husillo
 Pernos de porta cuchillas bien ajustados/pasadores de  Líneas de conducción C.V. (verificar radio de giro máx.)
 Enganche de tracción (ajuste de altura)
retención colocados
 Piezas metálicas de montaje bien ajustadas
 Nivel y altura de corte de la cortadora ajustados
 Cojinetes del eje de corte lubricados
ELEMENTOS DE SEGURIDAD
 Todas las piezas metálicas bien ajustadas
 Protectores (operación e instalación)
 Presión de aire y neumáticos/tuercas de rueda (bien  Embrague de línea de conducción (limitador de ajuste)
ajustadas)
(ajustar y poner en marcha)
 Cojinetes de rueda (verificar, engrasar y hacer carga  Autoadhesivos de seguridad (colocados)
previa)
 Manual del Operador (entregado)
 Protector de TDF del tractor (instalado)
ACCESORIOS E INSTALACIÓN
 Emblema S.M.V. (instalado de ser necesario)
Deflectores frontales y traseros
 Gato con lengüeta (instalación y operación)
Accesorios de trituración
 Cadena de remolque de seguridad (instalada)
Sentido de giro de las hojas correcto
 Manual de Seguridad de Línea de Conducción ADMA
Vigas y brazos de eje
Lengüeta y barras de control (instaladas y ajustadas) (entregado)
 Manual de Seguridad de Cortadora AEM (entregado en
Todos los pernos, pasadores y tuercas (ajuste
porta manual)
correcto)






 Se mostró el Video de Seguridad de Cortadora AEM al
comprador
Bush Hog está dispuesto a suministrar un (1) Video de Prácticas de
Seguridad para Cortadoras AEM
Por favor enviar:
Video de Seguridad para el Operador de Cortadoras AEM/FEMA – formato VHS
Video de Seguridad para el Operador de Cortadoras AEM/FEMA – formato DVD
Manual del Operador de la Cortadora
Manual de Seguridad del Operador de la Cortadora AEM
Nombre del solicitante___________________________Teléfono:____________________
Dirección del solicitante_________________________________
Ciudad__________________________________
Estado__________________________________
Código postal_____________________________
Modelo de cortadora___________________Número de serie________________________
Fecha de compra_____________________ Vendedor del distribuidor_________________
Nombre del distribuidor_________________Dirección del distribuidor_________________
Enviar por correo a:
AEM Video Services
1502 E. Walnut Street
Seguin, TX 78155
O enviar por fax a:
(830) 372-9529
O enviar por correo electrónico a:
AEMVideo@alamo-group.com
A fin de reducir la tasa de accidentes y mejorar la operación segura de las cortadoras, Bush Hog se ha asociado
con otros fabricantes de la industria para desarrollar el video y la guía de Prácticas de Seguridad para Cortadoras
Industriales y Agrícolas AEM/FEMA.
El video explica a los operadores de tractores y cortadoras las prácticas seguras que deben adoptar cuando
utilizan cortadoras industriales y agrícolas. Es importante que todos los operadores de cortadoras aprendan cómo
operar sus equipos de corte y puedan reconocer los posibles peligros que pueden surgir al operar una cortadora.
Este video, en conjunto con el manual del operador de la cortadora y los mensajes de advertencia que se
encuentran en la cortadora, serán muy útiles para complementar este aprendizaje tan importante.
Es posible que su distribuidor autorizado de Bush Hog le haya mostrado este video y le haya entregado una copia
en DVD cuando adquirió su cortadora. Si usted o algún operador de cortadora no vio el video: mire el video, lea
este Manual del Operador, y complete la Guía del Video antes de operar su cortadora nueva. Si no comprende
alguna de las instrucciones del video o del manual del operador, o si tiene alguna pregunta acerca de la operación
segura, comuníquese con su supervisor, con el distribuidor o con Bush Hog.
Si desea recibir una copia del video en VHS, envíe un mensaje de correo electrónico a AEMVideo@alamogroup.com o un fax al (830) 372-9529, o envíe por correo una copia rellenada del formulario que se encuentra al
dorso de esta página a AEM VHS Video 1502 E Walnut Street, Seguin, TX 78155, y solicite la versión en VHS.
Indique su nombre, dirección postal, modelo de cortadora y número de serie.
Cada uno de los operadores debe recibir capacitación para cada equipo (tractor y cortadora), comprender el uso
previsto, y comprender los posibles peligros antes de operar el equipo.
La informacion y material mecionado en la informacion anterior junto con el Manual de Operador puede asistir en
cumplir con los requisitos de OSHA para el entrenamiento anual del Operador.
REQUISITOS DE ENTRENAMIENTO DEL OSHA
Los seguientes requisitos de entrenamiento se an tomoda del Titulo 29, código de la pieza de
regulaciones federales 1928.57 (a) (6). www.osha.gov
Instrucciones del operador. A la hora de la asignación inicial y por lo menos anualmente después de eso, el
empleador mandará a cada empleado quien opera un tractor agricola o implemento en las practicas de operación
segura y el mantenimiento de el equipo con el cual el empleado esté, o estará implicado y de cualquier otras
prácticas dictados por el ambiente laboral.
Al propietario/operador/distribuidor
Este Manual del Operador es una parte esencial de la operación segura de esta máquina y se debe mantener con
la unidad siempre. El implemento incluye un porta manual donde se puede guardar el manual de manera
adecuada. Si el manual se extravía o se daña, puede solicitar otra copia sin cargo a un distribuidor autorizado de
Bush Hog o descargarlo del sitio web de Bush Hog (www.bushhog.com).
ANTES DE COMENZAR LEA, COMPRENDA y SIGA la información incluida en este manual, el Manual de
Seguridad de la Cortadora AEM y el manual del operador del tractor para conocer cómo operar la máquina y
realizar tareas de servicio correctamente. De lo contrario, podría sufrir lesiones u ocasionar lesiones a terceros.
Todos los implementos con partes móviles son potencialmente peligrosos. Cada esfuerzo ha sido hecho
paraasegurar que la màquina esté segura, pero los operadores deben evitar entrar en prácticas peligrosas y seguir
lasinstrucciones escritas que son proporcionadas. El fabricante ha diseñado este implemento para ser usado con
todos sus equipos de seguridad correctamente sujetados para minimizar la probabilidad de accidentes.
LA SEGURIDAD PRIMERO. Lea con atención la totalidad de la sección de seguridad de este manual antes de
operar el equipo. No permita que nadie opere el equipo sin haber leído y comprendido la totalidad de este manual.
Comuníquese con el distribuidor si necesita explicación sobre alguna instrucción que no haya comprendido del
todo.
Los cuidados que brinde a su Implemento Bush Hog determinarán en gran medida su satisfacción con el
desempeño y la vida útil del equipo. Lea con atención y siga las instrucciones de este manual para comprender
cabalmente su nuevo implemento, su uso previsto, y sus requisitos de servicio.
Todas las referencias que se hacen en este manual a derecha, izquierda, frontal, trasero, arriba y abajo
corresponden a la perspectiva en el sentido del desplazamiento hacia delante con el implemento correctamente
sujetado al tractor.
La información sobre repuestos se encuentra por separado en el Manual de Partes. Las cortadoras Bush Hog
utilizan componentes del sistema equilibrados y coincidentes para porta cuchillas, cuchillas, ejes de corte, hojas,
ganchos para hojas, rodillos, componentes de los engranajes, y cojinetes. Estas partes se fabrican y se prueban
según las especificaciones de Bush Hog. Las partes compatibles no genuinas no siempre cumplen con estas
especificaciones. El uso de partes no genuinas puede perjudicar el desempeño de la cortadora, anular la garantía
y presentar un riesgo para la seguridad. Use partes genuinas Bush Hog para ahorrar dinero y maximizar la
seguridad.
Para referencia futura, registre el número de modelo y el número de serie de BUSH HOG que ha adquirido.
Fecha de compra:
Dueño
Teléfono
Distribuidor
Número de Modelo
Número de Serie
Placa de Número de serie
Publicado en 01/15
Revised 11/18
2820 / 12820
This Manual applies to Models:
2820R1, 12820R1, 12820S
12820RR1, 12820R R1, 12820SR1
CORTADORA/TRITURADORA GIRATORIA
Parte nº. 50073175
MANUAL DE OPERADOR
Este Manual del Operador es
una parte esencial de la
operación segura de esta
máquina y se debe mantener
con la unidad siempre. LEA,
ENTIENDA, y SIGA las
Instrucciones de Seguridad y
Operación contenidas en este
manual antes de operar el
equipo. C01-Cover SP_B
BUSH HOG
Importantes
instrucciones de
operación y las
instrucciones de
seguridad se encuentran
en el video Cortacésped
Sobre Seguridad que se
puede acceder
instantáneamente en el
internet en:
www.algqr.com/bvs
®
2501 Griffin Ave.
Selma, AL 36703
334-874-2700
Correo electronico: www.bushhog.com
©2015 Alamo Group Inc.
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