Bush Hog | RMB Boom Mower | Owners manual | Bush Hog RMB Boom Mower RMB Series Boom Mower Owners Manual

Bush Hog RMB Boom Mower RMB Series Boom Mower Owners Manual
RMB 1445
REAR-MOUNT
BOOM MOWER
Published 06/19
OPERATOR’S MANUAL
This Operator's Manual is an
integral part of the safe operation
of this machine and must be
maintained with the unit at all
times. READ, UNDERSTAND, and
the
Safety
and
FOLLOW
Operation Instructions contained
in this manual before operating
the equipment. C01-Cover_B
BUSH HOG
Part No. 50068815
Important Operating
and
Safety
Instructions
are
found in the Mower
Safety Video that
can be instantly
accessed on the
®
2501 Griffin Ave.
Selma, AL 36703
334-874-2700
www.bushhog.com
©2019 Alamo Group Inc.
$0.00
In order to reduce accidents and enhance the safe operation of mowers, Bush Hog, in cooperation with other
industry manufacturers has developed the AEM/FEMA Industrial and Agricultural Mower Safety Practices video
and guide book.
The video will familiarize and instruct mower-tractor operators in safe practices when using industrial and
agricultural mowing equipment. It is important that Every Mower Operator be educated in the operation of their
mowing equipment and be able to recognize the potential hazards that can occur while operating a mower. This
video, along with the mower operator’s manual and the warning messages on the mower, will significantly assist in
this important education.
Your Authorized Bush Hog Dealer may have shown this video and presented you a DVD Video when you
purchased your mower. If you or any mower operator have not seen this video, Watch the Video, Read this
Operator’s Manual, and Complete the Video Guidebook before operating your new mower. If you do not
understand any of the instructions included in the video or operator’s manual or if you have any questions
concerning safety of operation, contact your supervisor, dealer or Bush Hog.
If you would like a VHS video tape of the video, please mail AEMVideo@alamo-group.com or Fax AEM VHS Video
at (830) 372-9529 or mail in a completed copy of the form on the back of this page to AEM VHS Video 1502 E
Walnut Street, Seguin, TX 78155. and request the VHS video version. Please include your name, mailing address,
mower model and serial number.
Every operator should be trained for each piece of equipment (Tractor and Mower), understand the intended use,
and the potential hazards before operating the equipment.
The information and material listed above along with this Operator’s Manual can assist you in meeting the OSHA
requirement for annual operator training.
OSHA TRAINING REQUIREMENTS
The following training requirements have been taken from Title 29, Code of Federal Regulations Part
1928.57 (a) (6). www.osha.gov
Operator instructions. At the time of initial assignment and at least annually thereafter the employer shall instruct
every employee who operates an agricultural tractor and implements in the safe operating practices and servicing
of equipment with which they are or will be involved, and of any other practices dictated by the work environment.
Bush Hog will provide
one (1) AEM Mower Safety Practices Video
Please Send Me:
VHS Format – AEM/FEMA Mower Operator Safety Video
DVD Format – AEM/FEMA Mower Operator Safety Video
Mower Operator’s Manual
AEM Mower Operator’s Safety Manual
Requester Name:______________________________________Phone:____________________________
Requester Address:________________________________________________
City:_____________________________________
State:_______________________
Zip Code:___________________
Mower Model:__________________________Serial Number:______________________________
Date Purchased:_________________________Dealer Salesperson:___________________________
Dealership Name:_______________________ Dealership Location:__________________________
Mail to:
AEM Video Services
1502 E. Walnut Street
Seguin, TX 78155
Or Fax to:
(830) 372-9529
Or Email to:
AEMVideo@alamo-group.com
To the Owner/Operator/Dealer
This Operator's Manual is an integral part of the safe operation of this machine and must be maintained with the
implement at all times. A Manual canister is provided on the implement where this manual can be properly stored.
If you lose or damage this manual a free replacement manual can be obtained from an authorized Bush Hog dealer
or by down loading the manual from the Bush Hog website www.bushhog.com
BEFORE YOU START! READ, UNDERSTAND, and FOLLOW the information provided in this manual, the AEM
Mower Safety manual and the tractor operator's manual carefully to learn how to operate and service your machine
properly. Failure to do so could result in personal injury to you and bystanders. All implements with moving parts
are potentially hazardous. Every effort has been made to ensure that the machine is safe but operators must avoid
engaging in unsafe practices and follow the written instructions provided. The manufacturer has designed this
implement to be used with all its safety equipment properly attached to minimize the chance of accidents.
SAFETY FIRST. Completely read and understand the safety section of this manual before operating this
equipment. Do not allow anyone to operate this equipment who has not fully read and understood this manual.
Contact your Dealer to explain any instructions that you do not fully understand.
The care you give your Bush Hog Implement will greatly determine your satisfaction with its performance and its
service life. Carefully read and follow the instructions in this manual to provide you with a thorough understanding
of your new implement and its intended use and service requirements.
All references made in this manual to right, left, front, rear, top or bottom are as viewed facing the direction of
forward travel with the implement properly attached to the tractor.
Replacement Parts information is located in a separate Parts Manual. Bush Hog mowers use balanced and
matched system components for blade carriers, blades, cuttershafts, knives, knife hangers, rollers, drivetrain
components, and bearings. These parts are made and tested to Bush Hog specifications. Non-genuine “will fit”
parts do not consistently meet these specifications. The use of “will fit” parts may reduce mower performance, void
warranties, and present a safety hazard. Use genuine Bush Hog mower parts for economy and safety.
For future reference, record your Bush Hog product model number and serial number.
Dealer
Telephone
Model Number
Owner
Purchase Date:
Serial Number
DEALER to CUSTOMER Pre-Delivery/ Operation Instructions
Dealer should inform the Purchaser of this product of Warranty terms, provisions, and procedures that are
applicable.Dealer should inform Purchaser to review the contents of the Operator’s Manual including safety
equipment, safe operation, and maintenance, to review the Safety Signs on the implement (and tractor if possible),
and of Purchaser’s responsibility to train his/her operators’s in safe operation procedures.
IMPLEMENTS: I have explained that Deflectors, Chain Guards, or Solid Skirts must be installed and maintained in
good repair.
•
DRIVELINES: I have made certain that all driveline, gearbox, and other shields are in good repair and fastened securely in place to prevent injuries from entanglement or thrown objects.
•
HYDRAULIC MACHINES: I have explained the necessity of using clean hydraulic oil, changing filters as
instructed, stopping leaks, damage caused by operating with over-heated oil, caring for hoses, using hoses of
proper rating, maintaining the specified operating pressure and the potential hazard of oil’s penetrating the
skin.
•
FOLDING-TYPE IMPLEMENTS: I have explained that it is not possible to guard against thrown objects when
the head is lifted off ground and that operator is responsible to watch out for persons in the area. I have
explained that the lifted mower head or boom can contact overhead obstructions with damage to cables and
telephone lines and possible injury. I have explained that the extended head or boom or retracted boom can
contact power lines with resulting electrocution, injury or death and that operator is responsible for keeping
clear of such hazards.
PRE-DELIVERY SERVICE
CHECK AND ADJUST OR LUBRICATE AS REQUIRED
See Operator’s Manual for Details
Inspection Performed - Warranty and Safety Procedures Explained - Installation Complete
MOWER TO TRACTOR CONNECTIONS
LUBRICATION & HYDRAULICS
 Draw Bar Length (Check And Set)
 Gearbox (Oil Levels)
 Hydraulic Oil Level (External Tank)
 A-Frame Pivot & Links
 Tractor Hydraulic Oil Level
 Control Rods (Adjusted Equal)
 Hydraulic Hoses (Not Kinked Tighten Connections)
 Axle Height (Adjusted)
 Front Pump Drive (Assembly Is Tight And Shaft Properly  Cutting Height (Adjust)
Aligned)
 Mount Kit-Pre-Operation Check Complete
 Mower Wing (Adjust Level With The Center)
MOWER
 Mower Wing (Check For Proper Raising Operation)
 Spindle And Motor Bolts Properly Torqued
 C.V. Driveline (Check Max Turn Radius)
 Spindle Oil Level
 Pull Type Hitch (Height Adjustment)
 Blade Carrier Bolts Properly Torqued/Retaining Pin In  Mounting Hardware Properly Torqued
Place
 Mower Cutting Height And Level Adjusted
 Cutting Shaft Bearings Lubricated
 All Hardware Properly Torqued
 Tire and Air Pressure/Lug Nuts (Correct Torque)
 Wheel Bearings (Check, Grease, and Preload)
ATTACHMENTS & INSTALLATION
 Deflectors Front And Rear
 Shredding Attachments
 Correct Blade Rotation Direction
 Axle Arms And Beams
 Tongue And Control Rods (Installed And Adjusted)
 All Bolts - Pins And Nuts (Proper Torque)
SAFETY ITEMS
 Protective Shields (Operation And Installation)
 Driveline Clutch (Torque Limiter) (Adjust And Run In)
 Safety Decals (Installed)
 Operator’s Manual (Supplied)
 Tractor PTO Shield (Installed)
 S.M.V. Emblem (Installed If Needed)
 Tongue Jack (Installation and Operation)
 Safety Tow Chain (Installed)
 ADMA Driveline Safety Manual Supplied
 AEM Mower Safety Manual (Supplied in Canister)
 AEM Mower Safety Video has been shown to Purchaser
TABLE OF CONTENTS
SAFETY SECTION .............................................................................................................. 1-1
GENERAL SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS AND PRACTICES ................................................................................. 1-2
Operator Safety .................................................................................................................................................. 1-3
CRUSHING HAZARDS ...................................................................................................................................... 1-4
CONNECTING OR DISCONNECTING IMPLEMENT SAFETY ........................................................................ 1-5
THROWN OBJECTS HAZARDS ....................................................................................................................... 1-6
THROWN OBJECTS HAZARDS (Continued) ................................................................................................... 1-7
RUN OVER HAZARDS ...................................................................................................................................... 1-8
PTO ENTANGLEMENT HAZARDS ................................................................................................................... 1-9
MOWER BLADE CONTACT HAZARDS ......................................................................................................... 1-10
HIGH PRESSURE OIL LEAK HAZARD .......................................................................................................... 1-11
ELECTRICAL & FIRE HAZARDS .................................................................................................................... 1-12
TRANSPORTING HAZARDS .......................................................................................................................... 1-13
HAZARDS WITH MAINTENANCE OF IMPLEMENT ...................................................................................... 1-14
PARTS INFORMATION ................................................................................................................................... 1-15
Decal Location ................................................................................................................................................. 1-16
Decal Description ............................................................................................................................................. 1-20
FEDERAL LAWS AND REGULATIONS .......................................................................................................... 1-30
INTRODUCTION SECTION ................................................................................................. 2-1
Features ............................................................................................................................................................. 2-3
ASSEMBLY SECTION ........................................................................................................ 3-1
TRACTOR SELECTION .................................................................................................................................... 3-2
Hitch Requirement ............................................................................................................................................. 3-2
PTO Type ........................................................................................................................................................... 3-2
PTO Shaft .......................................................................................................................................................... 3-2
Horsepower Requirement .................................................................................................................................. 3-2
Tractor Weight ................................................................................................................................................... 3-2
Check Chains/Stabilizers ................................................................................................................................... 3-2
Stability Requirements ....................................................................................................................................... 3-2
Tractor Operator Station .................................................................................................................................... 3-2
Ballast ................................................................................................................................................................ 3-2
DEALER SETUP INSTRUCTIONS .................................................................................................................... 3-3
STABILIZER ATTACHMENT ............................................................................................................................. 3-4
TOP LINK ATTACHMENT ................................................................................................................................. 3-4
DRIVELINE ATTACHMENT .............................................................................................................................. 3-5
REMOVE TRANSPORT STRAP ....................................................................................................................... 3-6
HOSE ROUTING ............................................................................................................................................... 3-7
FINAL ASSEMBLY CHECKS ............................................................................................................................ 3-7
OIL REQUIREMENTS ....................................................................................................................................... 3-8
Tank ................................................................................................................................................................... 3-8
Gearbox ............................................................................................................................................................. 3-9
FITTING CONTROL UNIT IN CAB .................................................................................................................... 3-9
RUNNING UP PROCEDURE .......................................................................................................................... 3-10
RMB 1445 With Flail Head ONLY .................................................................................................................... 3-10
REMOVAL FROM TRACTOR ......................................................................................................................... 3-10
OPERATION SECTION ....................................................................................................... 4-1
Standard Equipment and Specifications ............................................................................................................ 4-3
OPERATOR REQUIREMENTS ......................................................................................................................... 4-4
TRACTOR REQUIREMENTS ............................................................................................................................ 4-5
ROPS and Seat Belt .......................................................................................................................................... 4-5
Operator Thrown Object Protection ................................................................................................................... 4-5
Tractor Lighting and SMV Emblem .................................................................................................................... 4-6
Tractor Ballast .................................................................................................................................................... 4-6
Tractor Safety Devices ....................................................................................................................................... 4-7
Tractor Horsepower ........................................................................................................................................... 4-7
3-Point Hitch ...................................................................................................................................................... 4-7
Hydraulics .......................................................................................................................................................... 4-7
Front End Weight .............................................................................................................................................. 4-8
Power Take Off (PTO) ....................................................................................................................................... 4-8
GETTING ON AND OFF THE TRACTOR ........................................................................................................ 4-8
Boarding the Tractor .......................................................................................................................................... 4-9
Dismounting the Tractor .................................................................................................................................... 4-9
STARTING THE TRACTOR ............................................................................................................................ 4-10
PRE-OPERATION INSPECTION AND SERVICE ........................................................................................... 4-11
Tractor Pre-Operation Inspection/Service ........................................................................................................ 4-12
Boom Unit Pre-Operation Inspection and Service ........................................................................................... 4-12
MACHINE CONTROLS ................................................................................................................................... 4-20
ROTOR CONTROLS ....................................................................................................................................... 4-21
Angle Float ....................................................................................................................................................... 4-22
Engaging Drive ................................................................................................................................................ 4-22
Rotor Operating Speed .................................................................................................................................... 4-22
Forward Speed ................................................................................................................................................ 4-23
Tractor Position ................................................................................................................................................ 4-23
Operating Speed .............................................................................................................................................. 4-23
Parallel Motion Geometry ................................................................................................................................ 4-23
Working Close In and High .............................................................................................................................. 4-23
Breakaway Action ............................................................................................................................................ 4-24
High Voltage Cables ........................................................................................................................................ 4-24
Cutting Sequence ............................................................................................................................................ 4-25
Grass Cutting ................................................................................................................................................... 4-26
DRIVING THE TRACTOR AND IMPLEMENT ................................................................................................. 4-27
Starting the Tractor .......................................................................................................................................... 4-28
Brake and Differential Lock Setting .................................................................................................................. 4-29
Driving the Tractor and Boom .......................................................................................................................... 4-30
OPERATING THE TRACTOR AND IMPLEMENT ........................................................................................... 4-30
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS ........................................................................................................................ 4-31
Foreign Debris Hazards ................................................................................................................................... 4-33
Bystanders/Passersby Precautions ................................................................................................................. 4-33
Engaging the Power Take Off (PTO) ............................................................................................................... 4-34
Operating Speed and Ground Speed .............................................................................................................. 4-35
Operating the Mower ....................................................................................................................................... 4-35
Operating the Attached Mower Heads ............................................................................................................. 4-37
Shutting Down the Attached Head ................................................................................................................... 4-38
TRACTOR, BOOM, AND ATTACHED HEAD STORAGE ............................................................................... 4-38
TRANSPORTING THE TRACTOR AND IMPLEMENT ................................................................................... 4-39
Transporting on Public Roadways ................................................................................................................... 4-40
Hauling the Tractor and Implement .................................................................................................................. 4-42
TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE ........................................................................................................................ 4-44
MAINTENANCE SECTION .................................................................................................. 5-1
HAZARDS WITH MAINTENANCE OF IMPLEMENT ........................................................................................ 5-2
LUBRICATION INFORMATION ......................................................................................................................... 5-3
PTO SHAFT ....................................................................................................................................................... 5-4
CUTTING PTO SHAFT ...................................................................................................................................... 5-5
HYDRAULIC SYSTEM ...................................................................................................................................... 5-7
Oil Supply ........................................................................................................................................................... 5-7
Filtration Maintenance ........................................................................................................................................ 5-7
HYDRAULIC HOSES ......................................................................................................................................... 5-7
Hose Warranty ................................................................................................................................................... 5-8
HOSE CONNECTIONS ..................................................................................................................................... 5-9
Main Control Valve ............................................................................................................................................. 5-9
Cylinder Rod Maintenance ................................................................................................................................. 5-9
PROPER TORQUE FOR FASTENERS .......................................................................................................... 5-11
FLAILHEAD ..................................................................................................................................................... 5-13
Flail Blades Inspection ..................................................................................................................................... 5-14
Blade Pins and D-Ring Inspection ................................................................................................................... 5-15
Flail Axe Blades Inspection .............................................................................................................................. 5-16
Flail Axe Blade Bolt Inspection ........................................................................................................................ 5-17
SAFETY SECTION
Safety Section 1-1
SAFETY
SAFETY
GENERAL SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS AND PRACTICES
A careful operator is the best operator. Safety is of primary importance to the manufacturer and should be to
the owner/operator. Most accidents can be avoided by being aware of your equipment, your surroundings,
and observing certain precautions. The first section of this manual includes a list of Safety Messages that, if
followed, will help protect the operator and bystanders from injury or death. Read and understand these
Safety Messages before assembling, operating or servicing this Implement. This equipment should only be
operated by those persons who have read the manual, who are responsible and trained, and who know how
to do so responsibly.
The Safety Alert Symbol combined with a Signal Word, as seen below, is used throughout this
manual and on decals which are attached to the equipment. The Safety Alert Symbol means:
“ATTENTION! BECOME ALERT! YOUR SAFETY IS INVOLVED!” The Symbol and Signal Word
are intended to warn the owner/operator of impending hazards and the degree of possible injury
faced when operating this equipment.
Practice all usual and customary safe working precautions and above all---remember safety is up to YOU.
Only YOU can prevent serious injury or death from unsafe practices.
Indicates a hazardous situation that, if not avoided, WILL result in DEATH OR VERY
SERIOUS INJURY.
Indicates a hazardous situation that, if not avoided, COULD result in DEATH OR
SERIOUS INJURY.
Indicates a hazardous situation that, if not avoided, MAY result in MINOR OR
MODERATE INJURY.
Identifies special instructions or procedures that, if not strictly observed, could result
in damage to, or destruction of the machine, attachments or the environment.
Indicates information considered important, but not hazard-related (e.g. messages
relating to property damage).
NOTE: Identifies points of particular interest for more efficient and convenient operation or repair.
READ, UNDERSTAND, and FOLLOW the following Safety Messages.
Death or serious injury may occur unless care is taken to follow the
warnings and instructions stated in this Manual and in the Safety
Messages on the implement. Always follow the instruction in this manual
and use good common sense to avoid hazards.
Pictographs are used throughout this manual to help bring your visual
attention to safety issues.
NOTE: If you want a translation of this safety section in one of the following Languages, please contact:
Translations at 1502 E. Walnut Street Seguin, TX 78155; Fax: (830) 372-9529; Safety Section Translations
are available in Spanish, Portuguese, French, German, Russian. PN GS-01
RMB 1445 06/19
© 2019 Alamo Group Inc.
Safety Section 1-2
SAFETY
Operator Safety
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
READ, UNDERSTAND and FOLLOW Operator's Manual instructions, Warnings and Safety Messages.
WEAR SAFETY GLASSES with side shields (marked with ANSI Z87), safety shoes, hard hat, hearing protection and gloves when
operating or repairing equipment
WEAR appropriate breathing respirator when operating in dusty conditions to avoid respiratory diseases.
DO NOT WEAR loose clothing or jewelry to avoid rotating parts entanglement injury.
DO NOT USE DRUGS or ALCOHOL before or while operating equipment.
DO NOT ALLOW anyone to operate equipment under the influence of drug or alcohol.
CONSULT medical professional for medication impairment side effects.
STAY CLEAR of hot surfaces such as Mufflers, hydraulic pumps, valves and tanks.
STAY ALERT, prolonged operation can cause fatigue, STOP and REST.
GENERAL OPERATING SAFETY
VISIBILITY CONDITIONS WHEN MOWING:
•
OPERATE IN DAYLIGHT or with lights that gives at least 100 yards clear vis bility.
•
BE ABLE TO SEE and identify passersby, steep slopes, ditches, drop-offs, overhead obstructions, power lines, debris and foreign
objects.
•
Avoid backing up while mowing, vision may be limited, severe damage or injury can occur.
•
DO NOT run tractor in enclosed building without adequate exhaust ventilation.
GROUND SPEED WHEN MOWING:
•
NORMAL SPEED range is between 1 to 2 mph(1-3 kph).
•
ADJUST MOWING SPEED for terrain conditions and grass type, density and cut height.
•
REDUCE MOWING SPEED when near steep slopes, ditches, drop-offs, overhead obstructions, power lines and to avoid debris
and foreign objects.
TRACTOR and MOWER
•
DO NOT operate the tractor or mower unless the equipment is maintained and operating properly.
•
DISCONTINUE OPERATION if tractor or mower electrical and hydraulic controls do no function properly.
•
DISCONTINUE OPERATION of the tractor if the braking or steering systems do not function properly.
•
DO NOT operate the tractor or mower if there are any hydraulic leaks.
INSECT INFESTATION
•
DO NOT operate in areas where bees or insects may attack unless you WEAR PROTECTIVE CLOTHING or use enclosed tractor
cab.
PTO SPEED:
•
•
DO NOT EXCEED IMPLEMENT RATED PTO SPEED
AVOID exceeding rated PTO speeds that may result in broken drivelines or blade failures.
SAFETY SIGNS:
•
REPLACE missing, damaged or unreadable safety signs immediately.
RMB 1445 06/19
© 2019 Alamo Group Inc.
Safety Section 1-3
PN OSBM-01
SAFETY
TO AVOID DEATH OR SERIOUS INJURY DO THE FOLLOWING:
SAFETY
SAFETY
CRUSHING HAZARDS
TO AVOID DEATH OR SERIOUS INJURY FROM FALLING OFF TRACTOR, EQUIPMENT RUN OVER,
ROLLOVER AND CRUSHING BY FALLING WING OR IMPLEMENT:
•
•
•
•
USE ROPS and SEAT BELT equipped tractors for mowing operations.
KEEP ROPS lock in up position.
ALWAYS BUCKLE UP seat belt when operating tractor and equipment.
ONLY OPERATE tractor and equipment while seated in tractor seat.
WHEN RAISING BOOM MOWER:
•
•
•
Raise or lower ONLY WHILE SEATED in tractor seat with seat belt buckled.
KEEP BYSTANDERS CLEAR of area TO AVOID crushing.
KEEP sufficient clearance around implement and wings TO AVOID contacting buildings or overhead power lines.
LIFTED Equipment can fall from mechanical or hydraulic failure or inadvertent Control Lever movement.
TO AVOID EQUIPMENT FALLING while working near or under lifted boom, components and
Mower Head:
•
•
•
SECURELY SUPPORT or block up raised equipment, wings and components.
BLOCK UP and securely support equipment before putting hands, feet or body under raised equipment or lifted components.
KEEP BYSTANDERS CLEAR of raised boom or mower head until securely blocked up.
WHEN PARKING Implement and Tractor:
•
•
LOWER Mower Head to the ground or BLOCK lifted parts before leaving equipment.
NEVER leave implement unattended in a raised position.
TO AVOID CHILDREN FALLING OFF OR BEING CRUSHED BY EQUIPMENT:
•
•
NEVER ALLOW children to play on or around Tractor or Implement.
DO NOT operate without operator CAB or OVERHEAD protection. Falling limbs and debris can cause injuries. PN CHBM-01
RMB 1445 06/19
© 2019 Alamo Group Inc.
Safety Section 1-4
SAFETY
CONNECTING OR DISCONNECTING IMPLEMENT SAFETY
WHEN connecting mower head to the boom:
•
KEEP BYSTANDERS AWAY from tractor and mower.
•
Ensure there is enough room to lift and swing the boom with out hitting objects
BEFORE connecting and disconnecting the mower head or boom:
•
STOP TRACTOR ENGINE, place transmission into park, engage parking brake and remove key.
WHEN connecting and disconnecting the mower head or boom:
•
DO NOT crawl or walk under raised mower head or boom. (Refer to Instructions in Operation Section)
WHEN CONNECTING IMPLEMENT DRIVELINE:(If equipped)
TO AVOID implement driveline coming loose during operation:
LUBRICATE yoke spring locking collar to ensure it freely slides on PTO shaft.
SECURELY seat yoke locking balls in PTO shaft groove.
PUSH and PULL DRIVELINE on both the tractor and implement PTO SHAFTS to ensure it is SECURELY
ATTACHED.
TO AVOID broken driveline during operations:
•
•
•
•
CHECK driveline for proper length between PTO shaft and implement gearbox shaft.(Refer to Instructions in Operation
Section)
•
Drivelines too short can pull apart or disengage.
•
Drivelines too long can bottom out.
•
Bottoming driveline telescoping assembly will stop sliding and become solid.
•
Driveline bottoming can push through support bearings and break off PTO shaft.
CONTACT DEALER if implement driveline does not match Tractor PTO shaft:
•
•
•
DO NOT USE PTO ADAPTER.
Using a PTO adapter can cause:
Excessive vibration, thrown objects, blade and implement failures by doubling operating speed.
Increased working length exposing unshielded driveline areas and entanglement hazards. PN CDBM-01
RMB 1445 06/19
© 2019 Alamo Group Inc.
Safety Section 1-5
SAFETY
TO AVOID DEATH OR SERIOUS INJURY FROM BEING CRUSHED BY TRACTOR OR
IMPLEMENT:
SAFETY
SAFETY
THROWN OBJECTS HAZARDS
ROTARY MOWERS CAN THROW OBJECTS 300 FEET OR MORE UNDER ADVERSE
CONDITIONS.
TO AVOID DEATH OR SERIOUS INJURY TO OPERATOR OR BYSTANDERS FROM THROWN OBJECTS:
•
KEEP bystanders 300 feet away
STOP MOWING IF PASSERSBY ARE WITHIN 300 FEET UNLESS:
All THROWN OBJECT SHIELDING including, Front and Rear Deflectors, Chains Guards, Steel Guards, Bands,
Side Skirts and Skid Shoes in place and in good condition when mowing.
•
Mower is close and parallel to ground without exposing blades.
•
MOWING AREA has been inspected and foreign materials and debris have been removed.
•
DO NOT shred or mow loose or previously cut material if BYSTANDERS are within 300 feet.
•
PASSERSBY are inside enclosed vehicle.
INSPECT AREA FOR POTENTIAL THROWN OBJECTS BEFORE MOWING:
•
REMOVE debris, rocks, wire, cable, metal objects and other foreign material from area.
Wire, cable, rope, chains and metal objects can be thrown or swing outside deck with great velocity.
DO NOT allow the mower blades to contact decaying animal carcasses or other hazardous materials. The mower
blades could throw hazardous and biologic material out from under mower exposing the operator and bystanders to
health risks. Always wear required OSHA approved Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) when cleaning or
removing potentially hazardous material from equipment.
1. MARK objects that cannot be removed.
2. AVOID these objects when mowing.
HIGH GRASS and WEED AREA INSPECTION:
•
INSPECT for and REMOVE any hidden large debris.
•
MOW at Intermediate height.
•
INSPECT and remove remaining debris.
•
MOW at final height.
MOWER THROWN OBJECT SHIELDING:
•
KEEP all thrown object shielding including, Front and Rear Deflectors, Chains Guards, Steel Guards, Bands, Side
Skirts and Skid Shoes in place and in good condition when mowing.
•
DO NOT OPERATE with any thrown object shielding missing, damaged or removed.
RIGHT OF WAY (Highway) MOWING
•
Stop mowing if any bystander comes within 300 feet of the mower.
•
No shielding is 100% effective in preventing thrown objects. To Reduce Possibility of Injury:
1. MAINTAIN MOWER SHIELDING, side skirts, skid shoes, and blades in good operational condition,
2. RAISE CUTTING HEIGHT to 6 INCHES minimum,
3. INSPECT AREA thoroughly before mowing to REMOVE potential THROWN OBJECT HAZARDS.
4. NEVER ALLOW BLADES to CONTACT SOLID OBJECTS like wire, rocks, post, curbs, guardrails, or ground
while mowing. PN TOBM-01
•
RMB 1445 06/19
© 2019 Alamo Group Inc.
Safety Section 1-6
SAFETY
THROWN OBJECTS HAZARDS (Continued)
RMB 1445 06/19
© 2019 Alamo Group Inc.
Safety Section 1-7
SAFETY
MOWER OPERATION:
• DO NOT exceed mower's rated Cutting Capacity or cut non-vegetative material.
• USE ENCLOSED TRACTOR CABS when two or more mowers are operating in mowing area.
• Do Not mow in areas where bees or insects may attack unless you WEAR PROTECTIVE CLOTHING or
use enclosed tractor cab.
• ADJUST mower head close and parallel to ground without exposing blades.
• ADJUST cutting HEIGHT to AVOID BLADE CONTACT with solid objects like wire, rocks, posts, curbs,
guard rails and fixed obstructions.
• CLOSE Mower door and stop operating if bystanders come within 300 feet of the mower.
• Keep mower door closed when cutting close to the ground.
• Open door only to cut large brush or tree limbs. Close door immediately after cutting limb.
• DO NOT push mower head down onto material to cut it, use the front tips of the mower blades to cut into
the material.
• DO NOT operate mower when mower is in transport position.
• STOP MOWING immediately if blades strike heavy objects, fixed structures, metal guard rails and
concrete structures:
1. BLADES CAN FAIL from impact and objects can be thrown with great velocity.
2. INSPECT and REPLACE any damaged blades.
3. CHECK blade carrier and REPLACE if damaged.
• DO NOT mow in standing water TO AVOID possible BLADE FAILURE.
• AVOID MOWING in reverse:
1. STOP PTO and back up mower.
2. LOWER mower, engage PTO and mow forward.
• DISENGAGE mower head and wait until BLADES stop rotating before raising mower to transport
position.
• DO NOT ENGAGE PTO with mower in transport position.
• STOP mowing when EXCESSIVE VIBRATION occurs:
1. STOP PTO and tractor ENGINE.
2. INSPECT mower for vibration source.
3. REPLACE any damaged parts and bent or damaged BLADES. PN TOBM-02
SAFETY
SAFETY
RUN OVER HAZARDS
TO AVOID DEATH OR SERIOUS INJURY FROM FALLING OFF TRACTOR OR
EQUIPMENT RUN OVER:
•
USE ROPS and SEAT BELT equipped tractors for mowing operations.
•
KEEP ROPS locked in UP position.
•
ONLY start tractor while seated in tractor seat.
•
ALWAYS BUCKLE UP seat belt when operating tractor and equipment.
•
ONLY OPERATE tractor and equipment while seated in tractor seat.
•
NEVER ALLOW RIDERS on tractor or implement.
•
When not mowing stow Boom and Mower head in transport location before moving.
WHEN MOUNTING AND DISMOUNTING TRACTOR:
•
ONLY mount or dismount when tractor and moving parts are stopped.
•
STOP ENGINE AND PTO, engage parking brake, lower implement, allow all moving parts to stop and
remove key before dismounting from tractor. PN ROBM-01
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© 2019 Alamo Group Inc.
Safety Section 1-8
SAFETY
PTO ENTANGLEMENT HAZARDS
STAY AWAY and KEEP hands, feet and body AWAY from rotating blades, drivelines and parts until all moving
elements have stopped.
•
STOP, LOOK and LISTEN before approaching the mower to make sure all rotating motion has stopped.
•
ROTATING COMPONENTS CONTINUE to ROTATE after the PTO is shut off.
PTO SHIELDING:
TO AVOID DEATH OR SERIOUS INJURY FROM ENTANGLEMENT WHEN OPERATING IMPLEMENT:
•
KEEP PTO shields, integral driveline shields and input shields installed
•
DO NOT OPERATE mower without shields and guards in place or missing
•
REPAIR OR REPLACE if damage, broken or missing
•
ALWAYS REPLACE GUARDS that have been removed for service or maintenance.
•
Do Not use PTO or PTO guard as a step.
TO AVOID broken driveline during operations:
•
CHECK driveline for proper length between PTO shaft and implement gearbox shaft.(Refer to Instructions in
•
Drivelines too short can pull apart or disengage.
Operation Section)
•
Drivelines too long can bottom out.
Bottoming driveline telescoping assembly will stop sliding and become solid.
•
Driveline bottoming can push through support bearings and break off PTO shaft
•
AVOID sharp turns or lift mower to heights to cause driveline "knocking".
•
Lubricate driveshaft-telescoping components weekly.
CONTACT DEALER if implement driveline does not match Tractor PTO shaft:
•
DO NOT USE PTO ADAPTER.
Using a PTO adapter can cause excessive vibration, thrown objects, blade and implement failures by
doubling operating speed. Increased working length exposing unshielded driveline areas. PN PE01
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Safety Section 1-9
SAFETY
KEEP AWAY FROM ROTATING DRIVELINES AND ELEMENTS TO AVOID DEATH OR SERIOUS
INJURY:
SAFETY
SAFETY
MOWER BLADE CONTACT HAZARDS
KEEP AWAY FROM ROTATING BLADES TO AVOID DEATH OR SERIOUS INJURY FROM
BLADE CONTACT:
•
•
•
•
•
STAY AWAY and KEEP HANDS, FEET and BODY AWAY from rotating blades, drivelines and parts until all moving
elements have stopped.
DO NOT put hands or feet under mower decks
STOP rotating BLADES disengage mower switch and PTO and wait for blade to stop rotating before raising mower
head.
DO NOT approach Sickle Bar head until Tractor Engine has been shut off.
STOP LOOK and LISTEN before approaching the mower to make sure all rotating motion has stopped. PN MBBM-01
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Safety Section 1-10
SAFETY
HIGH PRESSURE OIL LEAK HAZARD
DO NOT OPERATE equipment with oil or fuel leaks.
KEEP all hydraulic hoses, lines and connections in GOOD CONDITION and TIGHT before applying system
pressure.
•
RELIEVE HYDRAULIC PRESSURE before disconnecting lines or working on the system.
•
REMOVE and replace hose if you suspect it leaks. Have dealer test it for leaks.
HIGH PRESSURE FLUID LEAKS CAN BE INVISIBLE.
WHEN CHECKING FOR HYDRAULIC LEAKS AND WORKING AROUND HYDRAULIC SYSTEMS:
•
ALWAYS WEAR safety glasses with side shields (marked with ANSI Z87) and impenetrable gloves.
•
USE paper or cardboard to search for leaks.
•
DO NOT USE hands or body parts to search for leak.
•
KEEP hands and body AWAY from pin holes and nozzles ejecting hydraulic fluid.
•
Hydraulic fluid may cause gangrene if not surgically removed immediately by a doctor familiar with this form of injury.
Use caution when removing Hydraulic Tank cap.
•
Tank contents may be under pressure.
•
Allow oil to cool before removing cap.
•
Relieve oil pressure before removing cap slowly.
•
Stay away from hot oil that may spray from tank.
•
•
PN HPBM-01
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Safety Section 1-11
SAFETY
TO AVOID DEATH OR SERIOUS INJURY FROM HIGH PRESSURE HYDRAULIC OIL LEAKS
PENETRATING SKIN:
SAFETY
SAFETY
ELECTRICAL & FIRE HAZARDS
TO AVOID DEATH OR SERIOUS INJURY FROM ELECTRICAL CONTACT WHEN
WORKING AROUND ELECTRICAL POWER LINES, GAS LINES AND UTILITY LINES:
•
INSPECT mowing area for overhead or underground electrical power lines, obstructions, gas lines,
cables and Utility, Municipal, or other type structure.
•
KEEP all raised wings at a 10 feet or greater distance from all power lines and overhead obstructions.
•
DO NOT allow mower to contact with any Utility, Municipal, or type of structures and obstructions.
•
CALL 811 and 1-800-258-0808 for identify buried utility lines.
FIRE PREVENTION GUIDELINES while Operating, Servicing, and Repairing Mower and Tractor to
reduce equipment and grass fire Risk:
•
EQUIP Tractor with a FIRE EXTINGUISHER
•
DO NOT OPERATE mower on a tractor equipped with under frame exhaust
•
DO NOT SMOKE or have open flame near Mower or Tractor
•
DO NOT DRIVE into burning debris or freshly burnt area
•
AVOID FIRE IGNITION by not allowing mower blade to contact solid objects like metal or rock.
•
DO NOT operate if oil is leaking. Repair oil leak and remove all accumulated oil before operating.
•
CLEAR any grass clippings or debris buildup around mower hydraulic pumps, valves or tanks.
•
SHUT OFF ENGINE while refueling.
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© 2019 Alamo Group Inc.
PN EFBM-01
Safety Section 1-12
SAFETY
TRANSPORTING HAZARDS
•
KEEP transport speed BELOW 20 mph to maintain control of equipment.
•
REDUCE SPEED on inclines, turns and in poor towing conditions.
•
DO NOT TOW with trucks or other vehicles.
•
USE only properly sized and equipped tractor for towing equipment.
•
FOLLOW all local traffic regulations.
TRACTOR REQUIREMENTS FOR TOWING OR TRANSPORTING IMPLEMENTS:
•
ONLY TRANSPORT with tractor with ROPS in the raised position.
•
USE properly sized and equipped tractor that exceeds implement weight by at least 20%.
•
KEEP 20% of tractor weight on front wheels to maintain safe steering.
BEFORE TRANSPORTING OR TOWING IMPLEMENT:
TRACTOR INSPECTION:
•
CHECK steering and braking for proper operation and in good condition.
•
CHECK SMV sign, reflectors and warning lights for proper operation and visibility behind unit.
•
CHECK that your driving vision is not impaired by tractor, cab, or implement while seated in tractor seat.
•
ADJUST your operating position, mirrors, and implement transport for clear vision for traveling and traffic conditions.
PREPARE IMPLEMENT FOR TRANSPORTING OR TOWING:
•
Store Boom and Mower in transport positions and engage transport locks if equipped.
DETERMINE STOPPING CHARACTERISTICS OF TRACTOR AND IMPLEMENT FOR TRANSPORTING OR
TOWING:
BRAKING TESTS:
•
Stopping distance with implement attached may increase
•
Observe STOPPING distances increases with increased speeds.
•
DETERMINE the maximum safe transport speed that does not exceed 20 mph.
•
Reduce travel speed on wet or icy roads, stopping distances increase.
DETERMINE MAXIMUM TURNING SPEED BEFORE OPERATING ON ROADS OR UNEVEN GROUND:
•
TEST equipment by slowly increasing speed in turns to determine if it can be operated at higher speeds.
•
USE REDUCED turning speeds on sharp turns to avoid equipment turning over.
WHEN TOWING OR TRANSPORTING EQUIPMENT:
•
Always WEAR SEAT BELT when operating or transporting mower.
•
USE low speeds to avoid overturn with raised wings.
•
USE low speeds and gradual steering on curves, hills, rough or uneven surfaces, and on wet roads.
•
TURN ON tractor FLASHING WARNING LIGHTS.
•
ALLOW clearance for implement swing while turning.
KEEP raised boom mower 10 feet or greater distance from all power lines and overhead obstructions. PN THBM-01
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Safety Section 1-13
SAFETY
TO AVOID DEATH OR SERIOUS INJURY WHEN TOWING OR TRANSPORTING EQUIPMENT:
SAFETY
SAFETY
HAZARDS WITH MAINTENANCE OF IMPLEMENT
AVOID DEATH OR SERIOUS INJURY FROM COMPONENT FAILURE BY KEEPING IMPLEMENT IN
GOOD OPERATING CONDITION BY PERFORMING PROPER SERVICE, REPAIRS AND
MAINTENANCE.
BEFORE PERFORMING SERVICE, REPAIRS AND MAINTENANCE ON THE IMPLEMENT:
•
STOP ENGINE AND PTO, engage parking brake, lower implement, allow all moving parts to stop and remove key before
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
dismounting from tractor.
PLACE implement on ground or securely block up raised equipment. Use large blocks on soft or wet soil.
PUSH and PULL Remote Hydraulic Cylinder lever to relieve hydraulic pressure.
DISCONNECT Pump solenoid valve or PTO driveline connection before servicing mower head.
WEAR SAFETY GLASSES with side shields (marked with ANSI Z87), PROTECTIVE GLOVES and follow SAFETY
PROCEDURES when performing service, repairs and maintenance on the implement:
Always WEAR protective GLOVES when handling blades, knives, cutting edges or worn component with sharp edges.
Always WEAR GLOVES and SAFETY GLASSES with side shields (marked with ANSI Z87) when servicing hot
components.
AVOID CONTACT with hot hydraulic oil tanks, pumps, motors, valves and hose connection surfaces.
SECURELY support or BLOCK UP raised implement, framework and lifted components before working underneath equipment.
FOLLOW INSTRUCTIONS in maintenance section when replacing hydraulic cylinders to prevent component falling.
STOP any implement movements and SHUT-OFF TRACTOR engine before doing any work procedures.
USE ladder or raised stands to reach high equipment areas inaccessible from ground.
ENSURE good footing by standing on solid flat surfaces when getting on implement to perform work.
FOLLOW manufacturer's instructions in handling oils, solvents, cleansers, and other chemical agents.
DO NOT change any factory-set hydraulic calibrations to avoid component or equipment failures.
DO NOT modify or alter implement, functions or components.
DO NOT WELD or repair rotating mower components. These may cause vibrations and component failures being thrown from
mower.
PERFORM SERVICE, REPAIRS, LUBRICATION AND MAINTENANCE OUTLINED IN IMPLEMENT MAINTENANCE
SECTION:
•
INSPECT for loose fasteners, worn or broken parts, leaky or loose fittings, missing or broken cotter keys and washers on pins, and
all moving parts for wear.
•
•
•
•
•
REPLACE any worn or broken parts with authorized service parts.
•
•
•
•
Inspect blade carrier and blades daily.
Check blade and blade carrier BOLT TORQUE daily. Loose bolts can cause blade or blade bolt failures.
REPLACE, bent, damage, cracked and broken blades immediately with new blades.
AVOID blade failures and thrown broken blades. DO NOT straighten, weld, or weld hard-facing blades.
•
in place and in good condition.
REPLACE any missing, broken or worn safety shields, guards and safety devices.
Inspect mower blade spindle to ensure bearing pre-load. If loose repair before operating.
LUBRICATE unit as specified by lubrication schedule
NEVER lubricate, adjust or remove material while it is running or in motion.
TORQUE all bolts and nuts as specified.
BLADE INSPECTION:
SAFETY SHIELDS, GUARDS AND SAFETY DEVICES INSPECTION:
•
KEEP all Deflectors, Chain Guards, Steel Guards, Gearbox Shields, and PTO integral shields, Bands, Side Skirts and Skid Shoes
Cancer and Reproductive Harm www.P65Warnings.ca.gov.
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Safety Section 1-14
PN HMBM-01
SAFETY
PARTS INFORMATION
PARTS INFORMATION
Bush Hog mowers use balanced and matched system components for blade carriers, blades, cuttershafts,
knives, knife hangers, rollers, drivetrain components, and bearings. These parts are made and tested to Bush
Hog specifications. Non-genuine "will fit" parts do not consistently meet these specifications. The use of “will
fit” parts may reduce mower performance, void warranties, and present a safety hazard. Use genuine Bush
Hog mower parts for economy and safety. (SPBH-1)
SEE YOUR BUSH HOG DEALER
SAFETY
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Safety Section 1-15
SAFETY
Decal Location
SAFETY
NOTE: Bush Hog supplies safety decals on this product to promote safe operation. Damage to the decals may
occur while in shipping, use, or reconditioning. Bush Hog cares about the safety of its customers, operators,
and bystanders, and will replace the safety decals on this product in the field, free of charge (Some shipping
and handling charges may apply). Contact your Bush Hog dealer to order replacement decals.
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© 2019 Alamo Group Inc.
Safety Section 1-16
SAFETY
PART NO.
QTY
LEVEL
DESCRIPTION
1.
D823
1
DANGER
Multi-Hazard
2.
D625
1
WARNING
Pressurized Tank
3.
D825
1
DANGER
Multi Language General Safety
4.
D723
1
INSTRUCT
Lube Chart
5.
D628
1
DANGER
Crushing and Pinch Points Hazard
6.
D623
6
WARNING
Pinch Point Hazard
7.
D547
1
DANGER
Driveline Hazard, Operate at 540 RPM
8.
D617
1
WARNING
Hydraulic Oil Leak
9.
D716
1
WARNING
Stabilizer and Sway Bar Positioned
10.
D719
1
DANGER
Automatic Breakaway Return
11.
D618
1
WARNING
Multiple Hazard
12.
50063360
1
LOGO
Bush Hog (8” x 1.76”)
13.
50068741
2
LOGO NAME
RMB 1445
14.
50061049
1
LOGO
Bush Hog (22”)
15.
83380
1
REFLECTOR
SMV Sign
16.
NFS
1
SERIAL PLATE
Serial Number Plate
17.
7103230
4
_________
1/8” Pop Rivet
18.
46503.01
1
_________
Seal
19.
50068815
1
_________
Operator’s Manual
20.
50035829
1
_________
Canister, Operators Manual
21.
9313043
3
_________
Setscrew
22.
9100103
3
_________
Flatwasher
23.
9143003
3
_________
Self-Locking Nut
24.
D559
1
WARNING
Use Bush Hog Genuine Parts
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© 2019 Alamo Group Inc.
Safety Section 1-17
SAFETY
ITEM
SAFETY
SAFETY
ITEM
PART NO.
QTY
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
50061049
D626
D717
D559
D720
1458392
1458393
NFS
09.810.01
D724
7103230
1
1
1
1
1
2
2
1
2
1
4
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© 2019 Alamo Group Inc.
LEVEL
LOGO
DANGER
DANGER
WARNING
WARNING
REFLECT
REFLECT
SER PLT
INSTRUCT
INSTRUCT
_________
Safety Section 1-18
DESCRIPTION
Bush Hog (22”)
Thrown Objects
Multi-Thrown Objects
Use Bush Hog Genuine Parts
Blade Attachment Failure
Red Reflector
Yellow Reflector
Serial Number Plate
Grease 8 Hours
Lube Chart
1/8” Pop Rivet (Not Shown)
SAFETY
SAFETY
ITEM
PART NO.
QTY
1.
2.
3.
4.
D731
1458392
1458393
nfs
1
1
2
1
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© 2019 Alamo Group Inc.
LEVEL
DANGER
REFLECT
REFLECT
SERIAL PLATE
Safety Section 1-19
DESCRIPTION
Sharp Blades
Red Reflector
Yellow Reflector
Serial Number Plate
SAFETY
SAFETY
Decal Description
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© 2019 Alamo Group Inc.
Safety Section 1-20
SAFETY
SAFETY
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Safety Section 1-21
SAFETY
SAFETY
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© 2019 Alamo Group Inc.
Safety Section 1-22
SAFETY
SAFETY
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© 2019 Alamo Group Inc.
Safety Section 1-23
SAFETY
SAFETY
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© 2019 Alamo Group Inc.
Safety Section 1-24
SAFETY
SAFETY
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Safety Section 1-25
SAFETY
SAFETY
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Safety Section 1-26
SAFETY
SAFETY
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Safety Section 1-27
SAFETY
SAFETY
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Safety Section 1-28
SAFETY
SAFETY
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Safety Section 1-29
SAFETY
FEDERAL LAWS AND REGULATIONS
This section is intended to explain in broad terms the concept and effect of federal laws and regulations concerning
employer and employee equipment operators. This section is not intended as a legal interpretation of the law and should
not be considered as such.
Employer-Employee Operator Regulations
SAFETY
U.S. Public Law 91-596 (The Williams-Steiger Occupational and Health Act of 1970) OSHA
This Act Seeks:
“...to assure so far as possible every working man and woman in the nation safe and healthful working
conditions and to preserve our human resources...”
DUTIES
Sec. 5 (a) Each employer(1) shall furnish to each of his employees employment and a place of employment which are free from
recognized hazards that are causing or are likely to cause death or serious physical harm to his employees;
(2) shall comply with occupational safety and health standards promulgated under this Act.
(b) Each employee shall comply with occupational safety and health standards and all rules, regulations and
orders issued pursuant to this Act which are applicable to his own actions and conduct.
OSHA Training Requirements
Title 29, Code of Federal Regulations Part 1928.57(a)(6). www.osha.gov
Operator instructions. At the time of initial assignment and at least annually thereafter, the employer shall
instruct every employee who operates an agricultural tractor and implements in the safe operating practices and
servicing of equipment with which they are or will be involved, and of any other practices dictated by the work
environment.
Keep all guards in place when the machine is in operation;
Permit no riders on equipment
Stop engine, disconnect the power source, and wait for all machine movement to stop before servicing,
adjusting, cleaning or unclogging the equipment, except where the machine must be running to be properly
serviced or maintained, in which case the employer shall instruct employees as to all steps and procedures
which are necessary to safely service or maintain the equipment.
Make sure everyone is clear of machinery before starting the engine, engaging power, or operating the
machine.
Employer Responsibilities:
To ensure employee safety during Tractor and Implement operation, it is the employer’s responsibility to:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Train the employee in the proper and safe operation of the Tractor and Implement.
Require that the employee read and fully understand the Tractor and Implement Operator’s manual.
Permit only qualified and properly trained employees to operate the Tractor and Implement.
Maintain the Tractor and Implement in a safe operational condition and maintain all shields and guards on the equipment.
5. Ensure the Tractor is equipped with a functional ROPS and seat belt and require that the employee operator
securely fasten the safety belt and operate with the ROPS in the raised position at all times.
6. Forbid the employee operator to carry additional riders on the Tractor or Implement.
7. Provide the required tools to maintain the Tractor and Implement in a good safe working condition and provide the
necessary support devices to secure the equipment safely while performing repairs and service.
8. Require that the employee operator stop operation if bystanders or passersby come within 300 feet.
Child Labor Under 16 Years of Age
Some regulations specify that no one under the age of 16 may operate power machinery. It is your responsibility to know
what these regulations are in your own area or situation. (Refer to U.S. Dept. of Labor, Employment Standard
Administration, Wage & Home Division, Child Labor Bulletin #102.)
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Safety Section 1-30
Contents
Acknowledgment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Foreword . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Safety Alerts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
A Word To The User/Operator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
The Industrial/Agricultural Mower. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Follow A Safety Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Prepare For Safe Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Start Safely. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Operate Safely . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Park Safely . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Shut Down Safely . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Perform Maintenance Safely . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Final Word To The User. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
Acknowledgment
We wish to acknowledge the contributions of the members of AEM’s Industrial/Agricultural Mower Manufacturers Council
to the preparation of this Safety Manual.
NOTICE OF COPYRIGHT PROTECTION
Copyright, 2010, by the Association of Equipment Manufacturers. All rights reserved. This work may not be reproduced or disseminated in whole or in part by any means
without the prior written permission of the Association of Equipment Manufacturers.
Copyright 2010© AEM (Association of Equipment Manufacturers)
Revised 01/03, 09/10
Foreword
This safety manual is intended to point out some of the
basic safety situations that may be encountered during
the normal operation and maintenance of your machine
and to instruct you in safety practices for dealing with
these conditions. This manual is NOT a substitute for
the mower manufacturer’s operator’s manual(s).
Additional precautions may be necessary, or some
instructions may not apply, depending on equipment,
attachments and conditions at the worksite or in the
service area. The manufacturer has no direct control
over equipment application, operation, inspection or
maintenance. Therefore, it is YOUR responsibility to
use good safety practices in these areas.
The information provided in this manual supplements
the specific information about your machine that is
contained in the manufacturer’s operator’s manual(s).
Other information that may affect the safe operation of
your machine may be contained on safety signs or in
insurance requirements, employer’s safety and training
programs, safety codes, local, state/provincial and
federal laws, rules and regulations.
2
Read and
Understand
Manuals Before
Operating
IMPORTANT! Before you operate the mower,
make sure you have the manufacturer’s
operator’s manual(s) for this machine and all
attachments. If the manufacturer’s manuals
are missing, obtain replacement manuals from
your employer, equipment dealer or directly
from the manufacturer. Keep this safety manual
and the manufacturer’s manuals with the
machine at all times. Read and understand all
manuals.
The AEM Mower Safety Practices video is
available to train and reinforce good safety
practices. Operators are encouraged to
periodically view the safety video.
Safety Alerts
Symbol
Signal Words
This Safety Alert Symbol means: “ATTENTION!
STAY ALERT! YOUR SAFETY IS INVOLVED!”
Signal words are distinctive words that will typically be
found on safety signs on the mower and other worksite
equipment. These words may also be found in this
manual and the manufacturer’s manuals. These words
are intended to alert the operator to a hazard and the
degree of severity of the hazard.
The Safety Alert Symbol identifies important safety
messages on equipment, safety signs, in manuals or
elsewhere. When you see this symbol, be alert to the
possibility of death or personal injury. Follow
instructions in the safety message.
DANGER
DANGER indicates a hazardous
situation which, if not avoided, will
result in death or serious injury.
WARNING
WARNING indicates a hazardous
situation which, if not avoided, could
result in death or serious injury.
CAUTION
CAUTION indicates a hazardous
situation which, if not avoided, could
result in minor or moderate injury.
Reasons Safety is Important:
NOTICE
— Accidents disable and kill.
NOTICE indicates a property
damage message.
— Accidents cost.
— Accidents can be avoided.
A Word To The User/Operator
It is YOUR responsibility to read and understand the
safety manual and the manufacturer’s manuals before
operating this machine. This safety manual takes you
step by step through your working day.
Hazard Recognition and Accident Prevention depend
upon you being alert, careful and properly trained in the
operation, transport, maintenance and storage of this
equipment.
Graphics have been provided to help you understand
the text.
Remember that YOU are the key to safety. Good safety
practices not only protect you but also protect the
people around you. Study and understand this manual
and the manufacturer’s manuals for your specific
machine. Make them a working part of your safety
program. Keep in mind that this safety manual is written
for industrial/agricultural mowers.
Contact the manufacturer of your equipment to answer
any questions about safe operation that remain after
studying the manufacturer’s operator’s manual(s) and
this safety manual.
Practice all other usual and customary safe
working precautions and above all:
REMEMBER — SAFETY IS UP TO YOU!
YOU CAN PREVENT SERIOUS INJURY OR
DEATH CAUSED BY UNSAFE WORK PRACTICES!
Read and
Understand All
Safety Signs
3
The Industrial/Agricultural Mower
Industrial/Agricultural Mower Types
Mowers are used for pasture clipping, crop residue
shredding, heavy brush cutting, waterways, right-ofways, roadside or highway mowing. Also, these mowers
are used for cutting grass and other growth in public
areas such as parks and cemeteries.
Flail
Boom
Rotary
Sickle Bar
Folding Wing Rotary
The Industrial/Agricultural Mower
Agricultural Disc Mower Types
Disc mowers are designed and equipped to cut hay
crops at higher field speed.
Disc mower/conditioners mow and condition crops.
Self-propelled windrowers mow and form conditioned
hay into windrows.
4
Disc Mower
Disc Mower
Conditioner
Self-propelled
Windrower
Follow A Safety Program
Protect Yourself
Wear personal protective clothing and Personal
Protective Equipment (PPE) issued to you or called
for by job conditions. You must ALWAYS wear safety
glasses with side shields.
You may also need:
— Hard hat
— Safety shoes
— Safety goggles or face shield
— Heavy gloves
— Hearing protection
— Reflective clothing
— Wet weather gear
— Respirator or filter mask
Wear whatever is needed—don’t take chances.
Avoid
Entanglement
WARNING! Prevent death or serious injury from
entanglement. Do not wear loose clothing or
accessories. Tie up long hair. Stay away from all
rotating components when the engine is running.
Contact, wrapping or entanglement with rotating or
moving parts could result in death or serious injury.
Follow A Safety Program
— Read, understand and follow the manufacturer’s
written instructions found in the operator’s manual(s)
and safety signs on mower and tractor.
— Have operational training with mower and tractor.
— Take advantage of training programs offered in
your area.
— Ask your equipment dealer or supervisor to explain
things you do not understand.
— Explain the written instructions in the operator’s
manual(s) and safety signs to those users or
operators who cannot read.
— Inspect the mower and tractor daily before operating.
Ensure all guards are in place and the equipment is
operating properly.
— Never smoke while operating. Never fill the fuel tank
with the engine running or near an open flame.
— Make sure you have adequate visibility and sufficient
lighting.
— Know the pinch points and rotating parts. Awareness
on your part can prevent accidents.
— Never attempt to operate the controls except from
the operator’s seat. Improperly controlled functions
could produce unexpected machine movement and
result in serious injury or death.
— Shut down the mower and tractor before dismounting.
(See page 18, Proper Equipment Shut Down
Practices.)
Read, Understand
and Follow Manuals
and Safety Signs
Avoid
Rotating Parts
Know and
Avoid Pinch
Points
5
Follow A Safety Program
Avoid Injury From Raised Equipment
Avoid Injury From High Pressure Fluid
Avoid possible crushing injury from falling mower or
other raised equipment.
Avoid fluid injection injury due to high pressure fluid leaks.
Avoid Crushing –
Block Up or
Securely Support
Mower
Before working near or under raised mower or
equipment parts:
— Securely support or block up raised mower or
equipment parts according to the operator’s manual.
— Securely support, block up or lock up wings with
approved locking devices or lower mower or
equipment parts to the ground.
— Use transport locks when transporting mower on
public roads.
High Pressure
Fluid Can Inject
into the Body
If any fluid is injected into the skin, it must be
removed within a few hours by a doctor familiar with
this type of injury.
Fluid leaks under pressure may not be visible. When
checking for leaks or working around pressurized systems:
— Read manufacturer’s operator’s manual(s) for
recommended safety practices.
— Wear a face shield or safety goggles for eye protection.
— Use a piece of cardboard or wood to check for leaks;
DO NOT use your hands.
— Relieve system pressure before disconnecting lines.
— Check for and repair damaged or leaking lines, pipes
and hoses.
— Check for and tighten loose connections.
— Purge air from system before operating.
Follow A Safety Program
Avoid Injury From Fire And Explosion
Set the parking brake, shut the mower and tractor
engine down and remove the key while filling the fuel
tank. Use extra caution when fueling a hot engine.
Never smoke while fueling. Avoid sparks by grounding
the fuel nozzle against the filler neck.
The fumes in an empty fuel tank are explosive. Never
weld or cut on fuel lines, tanks or containers.
Remove all trash or mowing debris from the machine
daily or as needed. Keep debris away from engine,
exhaust, slip clutches and other heat sources. Use
spark arrestors, as appropriate, on the engine exhaust
system. Make sure oily rags or other flammable material
are not stored on the machine.
Always use a nonflammable solvent when you
clean parts. Do not use gasoline, diesel fuel or other
flammable fluids.
Store all flammable fluids and materials away from your
machine and work area.
Know where fire extinguishers are kept—how
they operate—and what type of fire they are for.
Check readiness of fire extinguishers according to
manufacturer’s instructions. Make sure each tractor is
equipped with a fire extinguisher.
No Smoking
and No Open
Flames
Check for fuel, oil or hydraulic fluid leaks. Repair the
leaks and clean the machine before you operate it.
Ether/cold start fluid is flammable. Do not smoke
when using ether/cold start fluid. Always follow the
instructions on the can and in the manufacturer’s
operator’s manual(s) for your mower. Do not use ether/
cold start fluid if the engine is equipped with a glow plug
or other type of preheater.
6
Remove
Debris Daily or
As Needed
Follow A Safety Program
Be Alert!
For Safe Operation
Know where to get assistance. Know how to use a first
aid kit and fire extinguisher/fire suppression system.
You must be a qualified and authorized operator for
proper operation of your machine. You must clearly
understand the written instructions supplied by the
manufacturer, be trained—including actual operation of
the mower—and know the safety rules and regulations
for the worksite. It is a good safety practice to point
out and explain safety signs and practices and ensure
others understand the importance of following these
instructions.
Be Aware!
Take advantage of training programs offered.
Be Careful!
Human error is caused by many factors: carelessness,
fatigue, overload, preoccupation, unfamiliarity of operator
with the machine, drugs, and alcohol to name a few.
Damage to the tractor or mower can be fixed in a short
period of time, but injury, or death, has a lasting effect.
For your safety and the safety of others, encourage your
fellow workers to act safely.
Never Use Drugs
or Alcohol While
Operating
WARNING! Drugs and alcohol affect an operator’s
alertness and coordination and the operator’s ability
to safely operate the equipment. Never use drugs or
alcohol while operating the mowing equipment.
Never knowingly allow anyone to operate this
machine when their alertness or coordination is
impaired. An operator taking prescription or over-thecounter medication must consult a medical professional
regarding any side effects of the medication that would
hinder their ability to safely operate this equipment.
Follow A Safety Program
Know The Rules
Most employers have rules governing operation and
maintenance of equipment. Before you start work at a
new location, check with your supervisor or the safety
coordinator. Ask about the rules you will be expected
to obey.
The Occupational Safety and Health Administration
(OSHA) enforces federal laws within the United
States that apply to safe operation, application and
maintenance of equipment on a worksite. It is the
employer’s responsibility to comply with these laws.
An OSHA representative may periodically inspect a
worksite to see that these laws are being followed.
There may also be local or state/provincial laws or
international regulations that apply to this equipment
and its use, along with specific worksite or employer
rules. It is important that you know and comply with
all applicable laws and rules, including those requiring
operator training and certification.
Safety Rules
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Know and
Understand
Rules of
Operation
These are some of the rules you must work by:
— A ROPS and seat belt-equipped tractor is a federal
government (OSHA) requirement for operator
protection during mowing operations. An enclosed
cab provides additional operator protection from
thrown objects. Check your mower operator's manual
to see if a tractor cab is also required.
— Wear and check that others are wearing proper
clothing and personal protective equipment.
— Inspect your machine and attachments before each use
as specified by the manufacturer and your employer.
— Know the limitations and operating characteristics of
your mowing equipment. Do not misuse it.
— Have all provided shields and guards properly
installed before operating the machine.
— Never modify or remove any part of the machine
(except for service—then make sure it is replaced).
7
Follow A Safety Program
Some Rules You Must Work By (continued)
Keep
Children
Away from
Equipment
— Only qualified and authorized individuals may operate
this equipment.
— Never allow children to play on, ride on or operate
the equipment. Children are not qualified to operate
this equipment.
— Do not allow any riders.
— Use three-point contact (handholds and steps) and
face the equipment when mounting or dismounting.
— Keep bystanders 300 ft (92 m) from the mowing
operation.
— Know the worksite before you use the mower. Be
aware of possible terrain hazards that you may
encounter. Remove or mark obstacles and debris that
could damage or be thrown by the mower.
— Only use attachments and parts that are approved by
the mower manufacturer.
— Make sure all attachments are lowered, set the parking
brake, shut off the engine and cycle the control levers.
Remove the key before leaving the tractor. (See page
18, Proper Equipment Shut Down Practices.)
— When transporting the mower on a trailer, follow the
manufacturer’s detailed instructions for loading, tying
down and unloading the mower.
Keep
Bystanders
Away
No Riders
Shut Down
Unattended
Equipment
Follow A Safety Program
Know The Equipment
Read and understand the DANGER, WARNING,
CAUTION and NOTICE safety signs and other
informational signs on the tractor and mower and in the
manufacturer’s operator’s manual. Ask your supervisor
or mower dealer to explain any information you do not
understand. Failure to obey safety instructions could
result in death or serious injury.
Read and
Understand All
Safety Signs
8
Make sure all the manufacturer’s protective structures,
guards, shields, screens and panels are in good repair,
in place and securely fastened. Damaged, missing or
weakened safety components can create a hazardous
situation for you as the operator. Never remove or
modify any safety components including thrown object
shielding on a mower.
Know the following about your tractor and mower:
— Function, purpose and use of all controls.
— Correct operation speeds.
— Slope and uneven terrain capabilities and proper
operation.
— Braking and steering characteristics.
— Turning radius and clearances.
— How to quickly stop equipment in an emergency.
Read and
Understand
Manuals Before
Operating
Prepare For Safe Operation
Check The Mower And Tractor Equipment
Before beginning your work day inspect the machine
and have all systems in good operational condition.
Walk-Around
Inspection
WARNING! Prevent possible crushing injury from falling
equipment. Hydraulic system or part failure could cause
unsupported equipment to fall. Do not go under raised
equipment unless it is properly supported according
to the operator’s manual.
— Perform daily and periodic service procedures as
instructed by the equipment manufacturer.
— Check for loose, broken, missing or damaged tractor
and mower parts. Repair or replace these parts.
— Check for proper tractor and mower attachments.
— Check for proper tractor and mower PTO rpm rating
match.
— Check mower blade(s) condition. Replace severely
worn, bent, gouged or nicked blades including the
blade bolts and fasteners. Never straighten or weld
on blades.
— Ensure thrown object shielding is properly installed
and in good condition. Repair or replace if damaged
or missing.
Maintain
Machine
Read Manual –
Block Up or
Securely Support
Mower
Prepare For Safe Operation
— Check that all guards and shields are in place and
that all equipment is in good operating condition. This
includes PTO driveline, gearbox and implement guards
and shields that are used for operator protection.
— Check for properly latched driveline yoke-end locking
devices.
— Check for damaged or leaky tractor and mower
hydraulic systems. Repair or adjust as needed.
WARNING! Hydraulic fluid under pressure can penetrate
the skin or eyes and cause serious injury, blindness or
death. Fluid leaks under pressure may not be visible.
Use a piece of cardboard or wood to find leaks, not
your hand. Wear eye protection. If fluid is injected
into the skin, it must be removed within a few hours by
medical personnel familiar with this type of injury.
— Keep the operator platform surface clean and free of
grease, oil, dirt, snow or ice. Steps and handholds
must be clean and functional.
— Ensure work lights are kept clean (if equipped). Check
that all lights work properly.
— Ensure the slow moving vehicle (SMV) sign, reflectors
and warning lights are in good condition and can be
clearly seen.
— Ensure all tools or loose objects are removed or
securely fastened while operating the machine.
— Check all safety signs for clarity. Replace damaged
signs.
Check for Missing/
Damaged Guards
and Shields
Check for
Leaks and Inspect
Hoses
Put Away
Tools
9
Prepare For Safe Operation
Know The Work Area
Before you operate the mower thoroughly inspect
the work area. Walk around the area and inspect the
surfaces you will travel on when using the mower.
Walk
Around the
Worksite
Locate and avoid:
— Holes
— Drop-offs
— Obstacles
(stumps)
— Excavations
— Standing water
— Deep mud
— Other utilities
— Wet spots
— Any conditions
which could
— Soft soil
cause collision,
— Rough spots
loss of control
— Power lines
or tipover
and apparatus
— Steep slopes
Look for debris and obstacles by walking the area before
you mow. Objects like wire, cable, rocks, tires, and metal
objects that could damage or be thrown by the mower
must be removed or marked clearly and avoided.
Correct unsafe conditions. Do not operate in problem
areas where debris and obstacles cannot be removed
or marked.
Analyze mowing area to determine:
— The most efficient mowing procedure.
— The height of the material to be mowed.
— Operating terrain conditions.
— How to best use forward mowing pattern.
— The potential for bystanders or passers-by to be
exposed to thrown objects.
Remove or
Mark Debris and
Obstacles
Look Out For Others
Before starting equipment:
— Walk around the equipment.
— Check for anyone under, on or near the equipment.
— Clear everyone from these areas.
— Sound a warning.
Prepare For Safe Operation
Mount And Dismount Tractor Properly
Always use three-point contact when mounting or
dismounting the tractor or mower. Face the machine
when you enter or leave the machine. Three-point
contact means that three out of four arms and legs are
in contact with the machine at all times during mount
and dismount.
Before mounting:
— Clean shoes and wipe hands. Clean steps and
handholds of snow, ice, mud or oil.
During mounting and dismounting:
— Use handholds and step plates.
— Never grab steering wheels or controls for handholds.
— Never mount or dismount from a moving tractor.
— Never mount or dismount while carrying tools or
objects that prevent three-point contact. Put parts or
tools down. Maintaining proper contact, climb and
then pick up the object.
10
Use
Three-Point
Contact
Clean Up
Slippery Areas
Prepare For Safe Operation
Tractor And Mower Controls Safety Test
Start the tractor following the specific procedures in the
manufacturer’s operator’s manual. These procedures
normally include:
— Fasten and adjust seat belt on your ROPS-equipped
tractor.
— Check parking brake for engagement.
— Check PTO disengagement.
— Check all controls for Park position.
— Warn others in area before starting tractor.
— Start tractor following tractor manufacturer’s
recommended starting procedures.
WARNING! Avoid serious injury or death from
unexpected machine movement. Start the engine only
from the operator’s position. Never attempt to start
the engine by shorting across starter terminals or
reaching the key from the ground or outside the cab.
After starting:
— Check all instruments, gauges and indicator lights for
normal operation.
— Check all tractor controls, steering and brakes for
proper function.
— Raise and lower mower to check for driveline
bottoming out or engagement problems.
— Check the equipment for excessive vibration and
unusual noises.
Use ROPS
and Seat Belt
Start Only
from Operator’s
Seat
Check
Instruments
and Controls
Prepare For Safe Operation
— Use proper equipment shut down practices before
inspecting equipment. Wait until all equipment
motion has stopped before dismounting the tractor or
mower.
— Do not operate mower unless tractor and mower are
running properly. Place a “Do Not Operate” tag on
the machine, remove the key and do not operate the
mower until the problem is corrected.
Power Takeoff System
Be sure to operate the tractor at the mower’s rated PTO
rpm speed.
When operating tractors with transmission-driven PTO
systems, a rotary mower will have a significant flywheel
effect. The mower may continue to propel a tractor with
a transmission-driven PTO system.
Do Not
Dismount Until
Equipment Motion
Has Stopped
Use a
“Do Not Operate”
Tag
Use Proper
PTO Speed
The tractor should be equipped and operated as follows:
— Install a driveline equipped with an over-running
clutch.
— Give yourself sufficient maneuvering room and time
by anticipating turns, stops and speed reductions.
11
Prepare For Safe Operation
Hitching Mower To Tractor
Read and
Understand
Manuals Before
Operating
Three-point hitch-mounted mowers:
— Refer to mower and tractor manufacturers’ manuals.
— Place tractor’s hydraulic power lift (rockshaft)
selector lever in down position to avoid unexpected
movement.
— Explain the hitching procedures to those operators
who cannot read.
— Front-end weights may be needed to maintain
steering control and front-end stability. Refer to the
manufacturers' operator's manual(s).
— When backing the tractor up to the mower, NEVER
allow anyone between the tractor and the mower.
— Attach the mower to the tractor three-point links and
securely pin in position.
— Securely attach the driveline to the tractor PTO.
Lower the master shield into place if it is movable.
Push and pull on the driveline to ensure it is locked
onto the PTO shaft.
Maintain
Proper Weight
Distribution
No One
Allowed Between
Tractor and
Mower
Avoid
Entanglement,
Use Guards and
Shields
Prepare For Safe Operation
Pull-type hitch-mounted mowers:
— Refer to mower and tractor manufacturers’ manuals.
— Remove three-point hitch quick coupler if equipped.
— Attach only to drawbar hitch.
— Adjust tractor drawbar length for 540 or 1000 rpm
PTO operation.
— When backing the tractor up to the mower, NEVER
allow anyone between the tractor and the mower.
— Properly attach the mower safety tow chain to the
tractor.
— Securely attach the driveline to the tractor PTO. Push
and pull on the driveline to ensure it is locked onto
the PTO. Lower the master shield into place.
— Hook up the mower hydraulic hoses to the tractor.
— Make sure the wings, or raised mower decks, are
supported by the cylinders before removing the
transport locks. Never use force to release the
transport or wing locks. The wings or deck could fall
and crush you.
540 RPM PTO
1-3/8" 6 SPLINE
14IN
Tractor
Drawbar
Adjustment
1000 RPM PTO
1-3/8" 21 SPLINE
16IN
1000 RPM PTO
1-3/4" 20 SPLINE
20IN
Confirm Wings Are
Supported Before
Releasing Locks
Avoid
Entanglement,
Use Guards and
Shields
12
Start Safely
Make The Right Start
Mow only in daylight or good artificial light conditions.
Avoid serious injury or death from mower-thrown
objects or blade contact:
— Keep chain shields, flexible or solid deflector shields
or discharge chutes in place and in good repair.
— Keep bystanders at least 300 ft (92 m) from mowing
operation.
— Never direct mower discharge toward anyone.
— Keep hands, feet and other body parts away from
rotating parts, blades and discharge openings.
— Do not operate mower in transport position.
Do not approach a mower until all motion has stopped.
Mower PTO drive engagement:
— Raise mower to maximum cutting height.
— Engage PTO at low engine rpm.
— Increase engine rpm to mower’s rated rpm PTO speed.
— Lower mower to desired cutting height.
— Stop and shut down immediately if the mower strikes
an obstruction.
— Inspect and repair any mower damage before
resuming mowing.
— Do not operate mower with severe vibrations or with
unusual noise.
Rotating Blades –
Keep Away
Do Not Operate a
Damaged Mower
Mower-Thrown Objects
Depending on the designed purpose, mowers are
designed to cut grass, weeds, brush and crops. The
mower blades have been designed and tested for
rugged use. The mower blades, however, are not
intended to contact solid objects like rocks, concrete
or metal. Such impact can cause broken objects to be
thrown up to 300 ft (92 m). Bystanders should never
be within 300 ft (92 m) of an operating rotary mower or
within 100 ft (30 M) of a properly equipped disc mower.
Operate Safely
Mower shielding is designed to reduce the risk of thrown
objects and must be properly maintained and in place
during mowing operations.
The risk of serious injury or death from thrown objects
can be significantly reduced by following three rules.
If all of these safety rules are not followed, the
mowing operation must be stopped if anyone comes
within the safety limit for the mower type.
First — Inspect the area prior to mowing and remove
stones, branches, wire, cable, metal, glass and other
solid objects before operating. Any objects that cannot
be removed must be clearly marked and carefully
avoided by the operator.
In non-crop areas with grass and weeds high enough to
hide objects that could be struck by the blades, inspect
the area and remove or mark large debris or obstacles.
Follow
All Mower
Safety Rules
Second — Mower-thrown object shielding must be
used when operating near roads, parks, populated
areas or other areas where thrown objects could
injure bystanders or damage property. Follow the
manufacturer's operator's manual.
Third — Cross diagonally when mowing through
ditches, sharp dips, and drops. Raise the mower to
prevent the mower blades from hitting the ground.
Mow the area at an intermediate height. Inspect the area
closely and remove or mark any remaining debris or
obstacles. Mow again at desired final height.
13
Operate Safely
Mower-Thrown Objects (continued)
Disc Mowers — When using a disc mower it is
important to know the area to be mowed. If the operator
has mowed the field before and is familiar with all
obstacles that may be present, it is sufficient to watch
ahead of the mower path for any additional objects that
may have entered the field. Be ready to stop or avoid
any objects that could be hazardous if thrown by the
mower. If you plan to mow an unfamiliar field and it is
next to a traveled road or people may be within 100
ft (30 m) of the mower you must inspect, and clean or
mark the field.
Do Not Mow
in Reverse
Use Proper
Ground Speed
Mowing Ground Speed
Mowing In Reverse
Do not mow while traveling in reverse. Objects are more
likely to be thrown and can travel further.
Shut off the PTO, wait for the blades to stop turning,
raise the mower, and then back up.
Mow traveling in the forward direction.
Proper ground speed depends on terrain conditions and
grass type, density and height to be cut:
— Normal ground speed range is 2 to 5 mph.
— Use slower ground speed for mowing tall, dense grass.
— Use faster ground speed for mowing medium height,
thin grass and under smooth terrain conditions.
— Use slower ground speed for mowing in rough,
sloping or unfamiliar terrain.
Disc mowers are designed to use faster ground speeds
for operating in fields clear of debris and surface hazards.
Operate Safely
Extremely Tall Grass Mowing
You may need to mow extremely tall, non-crop grass
twice. (See page 13, Mower-Thrown Objects.)
First mowing pass:
— Shut the mower and tractor down using proper
equipment shut down practice before dismounting
tractor. (See page 18, Proper Equipment Shut Down
Practices.)
— Inspect the area and remove or mark debris and
obstacles.
— Cut grass higher (10-15 inches) to avoid hidden objects.
Second mowing pass:
— Shut the mower and tractor down using proper
equipment shut down practice before dismounting
tractor.
— Inspect the area and remove or mark debris and
obstacles.
— Cut grass at desired height and, when possible,
90 degrees to the first mowing pass.
14
Stop Blade
Before
Unclogging
Provide Adequate
Clearance for
Mower Swing
Watch Equipment Clearances
Three-point hitch and side-mounted mowers have a
larger turning arc than pull-type mowers. Allow sufficient
clearance for mower swing while turning.
Do not allow bystanders near the tractor and mower
when moving or transporting the tractor and mower.
Operate Safely
Under Mount Mower Safety Practices
When mowing with an under mount mower:
— Keep removable discharge chute in place and over
discharge opening.
— Never stand on a mower housing when the tractor
engine is operating.
— Distribute grass clippings with discharge chute facing
mowed area.
— Before clearing a clogged mower or discharge
chute, shut down your machine using proper
equipment shut down practice. (See page 18, Proper
Equipment Shut Down Practices.)
Never Stand
on Mower –
Keep Away
Keep Chute
in Place
Stop Blade
Before
Unclogging
Operate Safely
Wing Or Boom Mower
Overhead Obstruction Hazards And Risks
Check for overhead obstructions with raised wing
or boom mowers to avoid serious injury or death by
contact with:
— Electrical power lines and apparatus.
— Low tree limbs.
— Other overhead obstructions.
— Maintain specified distance from power lines and
apparatus. Never approach energized power lines or
apparatus with any part of your machine unless all
local, state/provincial and federal (OSHA) required
safety precautions have been taken. Use extreme
caution.
Do Not
Approach Energized
Power Lines
Stay Clear
of Energized
Equipment
DANGER! Avoid electrocution or serious injury from
contact with or inadequate clearance to energized
power lines or apparatus. Do not allow the machine or
attachment to approach or contact any power line.
Do not approach or touch any machine in contact
with a power line.
15
Operate Safely
Wing And Side Mount Mowers Safety Practices
Raised wing positions reduce shielding protection and
increases the thrown object and blade contact hazard
risks.
Avoid possible serious injury or death by thrown
objects or blade contact from raising and lowering
wings during mowing operations:
— Do not mow with bystanders within 300 ft (92 m) of
the mower.
— Be sure no one is near mower while raising or
lowering wings.
— Shut off the PTO and wait for all rotating elements to
stop before raising the mower deck or wing section.
— Only raise wing to clear objects in the mowing path
or to match ground slope.
— Lower raised wing to ground after clearing object or
ground slope conditions.
— Stop mowing if anyone approaches within 300 ft
(92 m) of mowing area.
300 ft
(92 m)
Keep Bystanders
Away from
Mowing Area
Avoid Hitting
Obstructions
Ditch Bank Mowing Safety Practices
Use extreme care when mowing ditch banks. Watch for
washouts, eroded areas and mowing obstructions along
the ditch banks. Hitting obstructions with side-mount
or boom mowers may swerve the tractor’s front end
toward the ditch.
Operate Safely
Raised wing and boom mower ditch bank operations may
reduce the mower’s thrown object shielding effectiveness
for the mower operator’s protection.
— Use enclosed ROPS cabs, special protective
enclosures and other operator shielding available from
the manufacturer when performing these operations.
— Inspect mowing area and remove or mark all foreign
objects and debris to be avoided by mower.
Use
Enclosed ROPS
Cabs or Protective
Enclosures
Uneven Terrain Mowing Safety Practices
Tractor and mower stability is reduced on slopes and
uneven terrain.
As in all conditions when mowing, use tractors
equipped with ROPS and seat belt. Make sure the
ROPS are raised and locked in place and always
wear your seat belt.
Prevent tractor and mower overturns and maintain
equipment stability control:
— Review tractor and mower operator’s manuals for
operating safety practices on slopes and uneven
terrain conditions. Explain the practices to those
users and operators who cannot read.
— Avoid extremely steep slope operations.
16
Read and
Understand
Manuals Before
Operating
Use ROPS
and Seat Belt
Operate Safely
Uneven Terrain Mowing Safety Practices
(continued)
Maintain
Control, Use Low
Speeds
— Use extreme care to maintain control over the
equipment when operating in these conditions.
— Increase tractor stability by adding wheel weights,
ballast and increasing wheel spacing to maximum.
Refer to operator’s manual for recommendations.
— Maintain minimum ground speed.
— Make wide and gradual turns.
— Avoid sudden starts, stops, and turns when operating
up, down, or across slopes.
— Do not raise rear-mount or side-mount mowers or
mower wings from the ground during these operations.
— Keep alert for holes, bumps, ruts, rocks, stumps or
other obstructions that could overturn the machine.
— Avoid slippery ground conditions that could cause
loss of control and overturn of tractor and mower.
— Avoid bottoming and striking the ground by diagonal
crossing of sharp dips and drops.
Add Ballast,
Widen Wheel
Spacing
Avoid Ruts,
Bumps, Holes
Use extreme care in maintaining equipment stability
during all uneven terrain and slope mowing operations.
You are the final judge as to any slope that can be safely
negotiated.
Operate Safely
Road Transport Safety Practices
Before operating on public roads:
— Refer to tractor and mower manufacturers’ operator’s
manuals for instructions.
— Explain the instructions to those users or operators
who cannot read.
— Check local regulations for required equipment
markings, lights, flashers, etc., while traveling on
public roads. Lights are required on mowers that
obscure tractor taillights and/or warning lights.
— When transporting the mower on a trailer, follow the
manufacturer’s detailed instructions for loading, tying
down and unloading the mower.
Before transporting on public roads:
— Disengage PTO power to mower.
— Raise mower into transport position and engage
transport lock.
— Lock mower wings in the transport position with
approved locking devices.
— Attach towing safety chain between pull-type mower
and tractor.
— Make sure lights, warning lights and reflectors are in
place and visible.
— Check SMV (Slow-Moving Vehicle) emblem for
visibility to any rear-approaching vehicle.
While transporting on public roads:
— Obey all local traffic regulations.
— Approach intersections with caution.
— Observe speed and traffic control signs.
— Avoid panic stops and sharp turns.
Be a courteous operator and pull over periodically and
allow traffic to pass.
Read and
Understand
Manuals Before
Operating
STOP
YIELD
Obey Traffic
Regulations
17
Park Safely
Parking Safety Practices
— Use designated or out-of-traffic areas.
— Use firm level ground locations.
— Set parking brake.
— Lower raised equipment to ground.
P
Shut down the mower and tractor using proper
equipment shut down practice before dismounting
tractor. (See page 18, Proper Equipment Shut Down
Practices.)
Set
Parking Brake
Lower Raised
Equipment to
Ground
Sloping ground parking locations:
— Position equipment across slope.
— Set parking brakes.
— Lower raised equipment to ground.
— Block tractor wheels.
Before temporarily parking and leaving disabled
equipment near traffic areas:
— Remove equipment from public roads.
— Set out warning flags.
— Use tractor flashing warning lights.
Shut Down Safely
Proper Equipment Shut Down Practices
PTO
Make proper equipment shut down an important habit.
Properly shutting down a tractor and mower can
prevent accidents from occurring when the mower is left
unattended. Shut down the mower following the specific
procedures in the manufacturer’s operator’s manual.
These procedures will normally include:
— Reduce engine speed.
— Disengage PTO clutch and transmission drive.
— Idle engine for gradual cooling.
— Place all controls in PARK position.
— Set the parking brake.
— Lower mower to ground.
— Lower wings of wing mowers to ground.
— Shut off engine, lock ignition and remove key from
the machine and take it with you.
— Wait for all moving parts to stop before dismounting.
— Relieve hydraulic pressure by moving hydraulic
controls several times in all directions.
— Lock anti-vandalism covers and closures, if
equipped, when equipment is unattended.
— Dismount carefully maintaining three-point contact.
18
Disengage PTO,
Set Brake
STOP
P
Lower Raised
Equipment to
Ground
Wait for
Rotating Parts
to Stop
Remove Key,
Lock Ignition, Take
Key With You
Shut Down Safely
Dismounting Properly
— Never dismount from moving equipment.
— Never jump from any machines.
— Dismount carefully.
— Check for slippery steps.
— Keep feet and hands away from controls.
— Use handholds and steps during dismount.
— Face machine and use three-point contact
(2 hands and 1 foot or 2 feet and 1 hand).
Wait for
Moving Parts
to Stop
Use Three-Point
Contact,
Face Machine
Perform Maintenance Safely
Maintain Your Equipment
WARNING! Do not modify equipment or add
components not approved by the manufacturer. Use
parts, lubricants and service techniques recommended
by the manufacturer.
Maintain
Equipment
Be sure to maintain the equipment according to
manufacturer’s instructions. Regularly check the
operation of the protective and safety devices.
Do not perform any work on a tractor or mower unless
you are authorized and qualified to do so.
If you have been authorized to do maintenance, read
the operator’s and service manuals. Study the
instructions; check the lubrication charts; examine all
the instruction messages on the machine. Maintenance
can be hazardous unless performed properly. Be sure
you have the necessary skill, information, correct tools
and equipment to do the job.
Mower Parts And Your Safety
Mower manufacturers use specific fasteners and
specially designed parts to meet mowing operations
requirements. Critical parts (self-locking blade bolts,
blades, pins, shields and other special items) have
specific strength, design and fit requirements for the
make and model mower you are using.
Avoid possible death or serious injury from unapproved
parts or modifications:
— Do not substitute common hardware for original
manufacturer’s blade bolts or other special part items.
— Do not substitute for blades, pins, shields or other
critical parts.
— Do not use higher strength bolts to replace original
manufacturer’s shear bolts.
19
Perform Maintenance Safely
Prepare Yourself
Wear personal protective clothing and Personal
Protective Equipment (PPE) issued to you or called
for by job conditions. You must ALWAYS wear safety
glasses with side shields.
You may also need:
— Hard hat
— Safety shoes
— Safety glasses, goggles or face shield
— Apron and gloves
— Hearing protection
— Welding helmet or goggles
— Respirator or filter mask
Wear whatever is needed—don’t take chances.
Avoid
Rotating Parts
Keep hands—and clothing—away from all moving
parts. Don’t wear dangling ties, loose sleeves, rings,
watches, or long hair.
WARNING! Prevent death or serious injury from entanglement. Do not wear loose clothing or accessories. Stay
away from all rotating components when the engine is
running. Contact, wrapping or entanglement with rotating
or moving parts could result in death or serious injury.
Avoid
Pinch Points
Perform Maintenance Safely
Wear a rubber apron and rubber gloves when working
with corrosives. Wear gloves and safety shoes when
handling wooden blocks or sharp-edged metal.
Clean
Slippery Surfaces
Always use safety glasses, goggles or a face shield. They
provide eye protection from fluids under pressure, during
grinding and while servicing batteries. Protection is also
needed from flying debris, liquids and loose material
produced by equipment, tools and pressurized air/water.
Wear a face shield and follow manufacturer's instuctions
when you disassemble spring-loaded components or work
with battery acids. Wear a welding helmet or goggles with
a shaded filter when you weld or cut with a torch.
Do not sand, grind, flame-cut, braze or weld without a
NIOSH-approved respirator or appropriate ventilation.
If welding is required on this machine, refer to the
manufacturer’s operator's or service manuals or consult
your equipment dealer for proper procedures.
Keep pockets free of all objects that could fall out—and
drop into machinery.
Handle tools and heavy parts sensibly—with regard
for yourself and other persons. Lower items—don’t
drop them.
20
Ventilate
Work Area
Prepare The Work Area
— Position the mower in a level area out of the way of
other working equipment.
— Make sure there is adequate light, ventilation and
clearance.
— Remove oil, grease or water to eliminate any slippery
surfaces.
— Clean around the area to be serviced to minimize
contamination.
Perform Maintenance Safely
Prepare The Machine
Stored energy sources (electrical, mechanical, hydraulic,
pneumatic, chemical, thermal, etc.) must be controlled
or reduced to a practical minimum before performing
any maintenance, repair or service procedures.
Safety practices to prevent potential injuries from
energy-releasing sources:
— Disengage PTO before shutting off engine.
— Place controls in PARK or NEUTRAL before shutting
off engine.
— Set parking brake or block wheels.
— Allow all moving parts to stop.
— Lower mower to ground.
— Lower wings to ground on wing mowers.
— Shut off tractor engine.
— Relieve hydraulic system pressure by moving controls
several times in all directions.
— Lock ignition, remove key and take it with you.
— Look and listen for evidence of moving parts before
dismounting.
— Securely support or block up mower before working
underneath mower or other lifted components.
— Securely support, block up, or lock up mower wings
with approved locking devices before working near or
underneath a wing mower.
— Relieve pressure before disconnecting or
disassembling any pressurized system.
— Block or relieve spring pressure before disassembling
any spring-loaded mechanism.
— Securely support or block up any raised machine
component before working on it.
— Avoid flames, sparks, or smoking near any fuel,
hydraulic fluid or other flammable material such as
mowing debris.
Prepare
Machine Systems
for Service
Perform Maintenance Safely
Attach a “DO NOT OPERATE” warning tag to the control
levers and remove the ignition key if the mower should
not be operated. Take the key with you.
Install approved support device(s) when working under
or near raised equipment.
WARNING! Unsupported raised mowers or other
equipment may drop unexpectedly. Never go under
equipment when raised unless supported by an
approved support device(s). Death or serious crushing
injury could result from falling equipment.
Use a
“Do Not Operate”
Tag
Use
Approved
Support Device
Remove only guards or covers that provide access to
the area being serviced. Replace all guards and covers
when work is complete.
Replace
All Guards
21
Perform Maintenance Safely
Use Proper Ventilation
If it is necessary to run an engine in an enclosed area,
remove the exhaust fumes from the area with an
exhaust pipe extension. If you do not have an exhaust
pipe extension, make sure you open the doors and get
outside air into the area.
WARNING! Prevent possible injury. Never work on
machinery with the engine running unless instructed
by the manufacturer’s manuals for specific service.
WARNING! Never operate any type of engine without
proper ventilation—EXHAUST FUMES CAN KILL.
Make sure the hoists or jacks you use are in good repair.
Never use jacks with cracked, bent, or twisted parts.
Never use frayed, twisted or pinched cables. Never use
bent or distorted hooks.
Remove
Key and Read
Maintenance
Manual
Use Jacks And Hoists Carefully
Safety stands or blocks must be located on a rigid part
of the mower. Do not position stands under axles or
wheel supports that may rotate.
Ventilate
Work Area
If you must work beneath raised equipment, always use
wood—not concrete—blocks, jack-stands or other
rigid and stable supports. When using jacks or hoists
always be sure they are adequately supported.
Use Proper
Support for Raised
Equipment
WARNING! Prevent possible crushing injury. Never
use concrete blocks for supports. They can collapse
under even light loads.
Perform Maintenance Safely
Common Maintenance Safety Practices
Fuel Hazards
WARNING! Always use approved fuel containers
and/or dispensing equipment.
Fuels are flammable, so observe these practices to
reduce the possibility of a serious accident.
— Shut off engine and ignition during refueling.
— Always ground the fuel nozzle against the filler neck
to avoid sparks.
— Keep sparks and open flames away from fuel.
— Do not smoke while refueling or when handling fuel
containers.
— Do not cut or weld on or near fuel lines, tanks or
containers.
— Do not overfill the tank or spill fuel. Clean up spilled
fuel immediately.
Engine Coolant Hazards
Liquid cooling systems build up pressure as the engine
gets hot, so use extreme caution before removing the
radiator cap.
22
Be sure to:
— Stop the engine and wait for the system to cool.
— Wear protective clothing and safety glasses.
— Turn the radiator cap slowly to the first stop to allow
the pressure to escape before removing the cap
completely.
No Smoking
and No Open
Flames
Remove
Radiator Cap
Slowly
Perform Maintenance Safely
Hydraulic System Hazards
The hydraulic system is under pressure whenever the
engine is operating and may hold pressure even after the
engine is shut off. Cycle all hydraulic controls including
the auxiliary hydraulic control after the engine is shut
down. Relieve trapped pressure in the lines after the
attachments are shut down and resting on the ground.
During inspection of the hydraulic system:
— Wait for fluid to cool before disconnecting the lines.
Hot hydraulic fluid can cause SEVERE BURNS.
— Do not use your hand to check for leaks. Instead,
use a piece of cardboard or paper to search for leaks.
— Wear appropriate eye protection. Hydraulic fluid can
cause permanent eye injury.
WARNING! Hydraulic fluid under pressure can penetrate
the skin or eyes and cause serious injury, blindness or
death. Fluid leaks under pressure may not be visible.
Use a piece of cardboard or wood to find leaks, not
your hand. Wear a face shield or safety goggles for
eye protection. If fluid is injected into the skin, it must
be removed within a few hours by medical personnel
familiar with this type of injury.
When venting or filling the hydraulic system, loosen the
filler cap slowly and remove it gradually.
Never reset any relief valve in the hydraulic system to a
pressure higher than recommended by the manufacturer.
Wear
Eye Protection
High Pressure
Fluid Can Inject
Into the Body
Perform Maintenance Safely
Electrical System Hazards
Before working on the electrical system, disconnect the
battery cable(s).
— Remove the battery negative (-) cable(s) first.
— When reconnecting the battery, connect the battery
negative (-) cable(s) last.
The liquid in batteries contains acid, which is a POISON
and can cause SEVERE CHEMICAL BURNS.
with clean water. If electrolyte is ingested, seek
medical attention immediately. NEVER give fluids that
would induce vomiting.
Wear
Face Protection
Avoid Injury
— Wear a face shield to prevent contact with your eyes.
— Wear chemical-resistant gloves and clothing to keep
electrolyte off your skin and regular clothing.
WARNING! Electrolyte will damage eyes or skin
on contact. Always wear a face shield to avoid
electrolyte in eyes. If electrolyte contacts eyes, flush
immediately with clean water and get medical attention.
Wear chemical-resistant gloves and protective
clothing to keep electrolyte off skin. If electrolyte
contacts exposed skin or clothing, wash off immediately
Wear
Protective
Clothing
23
Perform Maintenance Safely
Avoid Explosion
WARNING! Avoid possible serious injury from
explosion. Lead-acid batteries produce extremely
explosive gases especially when being charged. Keep
arcs, sparks, flames and lighted tobacco away.
— Do not smoke near batteries.
— Keep arcs, sparks and open flames away from
batteries.
— Provide adequate ventilation.
Never check the battery by placing a metal object
across the battery posts — the resulting spark could
cause an explosion.
WARNING! Avoid possible serious injury from battery
explosion. Do not charge a battery or boost start the
engine if the battery is frozen. Warm to 60°F (15.5°C)
or the battery may explode and could cause serious
injury.
Safety rules during battery boost starting:
— Follow the instructions for proper “battery boost
starting” as specified in the manufacturer’s manual.
— Be sure the machines are not touching.
— Observe the polarity of the batteries and connections.
— Make the final cable connection to the engine or the
furthest ground point away from the battery. Never
make the final connection at the starter or dead
battery—sparks may ignite the explosive gases
present at the battery.
— When disconnecting cables after jump starting,
remove the cables in reverse order of connection
(e.g., final connection first).
Avoid Sparks
and Open Flames
Near Batteries
For
Boost Starting
Observe Polarity
and Make Final
Connection at
Ground Point
Perform Maintenance Safely
Tire And Wheel Maintenance
Check your tires and wheels daily because the stability
of the tractor and mower can be dramatically affected
by tire pressure or damage to tires or wheels.
Check tires for:
— Correct pressure.
— Cuts and bulges.
— Nails or other punctures.
— Uneven or excessive wear.
— Condition of valve stems and caps.
Check wheels for:
— Damage to the rims.
— Missing or loose lug nuts or bolts.
— Misalignment.
All tire service should be performed by a qualified tire
service center or by an authorized service person who
has been properly trained in the procedures and use of
safety equipment designed for tire servicing.
24
Check Tires
and Wheels for
Damage
Maintain
Proper Tire
Pressure
Perform Maintenance Safely
Tire And Wheel Maintenance (continued)
WARNING! The types of wheels and tires usually
found on this equipment require special care when
servicing to prevent death or serious injury.
Do not inflate the tires above the recommended
pressure. Be sure to replace tire ballast if equipped. See
manufacturer’s specifications for ballast requirements.
Keep wheel lug nuts tightened to manufacturer’s
recommendations.
Never cut or weld on a wheel with an inflated
tire mounted on it. This could cause explosive
decompression.
Check that the tire size and wheel are correctly matched.
When replacing the tires, ensure the tires are of the
appropriate rating specified by the manufacturer.
Tires should not be operated at speeds higher than their
rated speed. Most agricultural tires are rated for 20mph
maximum speed.
A rise in tire pressure during operation is normal, and
should NOT be reduced.
Never reinflate a tire that has been run flat or seriously
underinflated without removing the tire from the wheel.
Have the tire and wheel closely inspected for damage
before remounting.
Avoid
Tire Explosion
When adding air to a tire, do so from a distance. Use
a long hose with self-attaching chuck. Always stand
behind tread when adjusting tire pressure.
Do not inflate tires with flammable gases or from
systems using an alcohol injector.
Perform Maintenance Safely
Complete Service And Repairs Before Machine
Is Released
Tighten all bolts, fittings, and connections to torques
specified by the manufacturer.
Verify
Service Work
When
Completed
Install all guards, covers, and shields after servicing.
Replace or repair any damaged parts. Refill and
recharge pressure systems only with manufacturer
approved or recommended fluids.
Start the engine and check for leaks. (See page 23,
Hydraulic System Hazards.) Operate all controls
to make sure the tractor and mower are functioning
properly. Test the machine if necessary. After testing,
shut down and check the work you performed. Are
there any missing cotter pins, washers, locknuts, etc.?
Recheck all fluid levels before releasing the equipment
for operation.
All parts should be inspected during repair and replaced
if worn, cracked or damaged. Excessively worn or
damaged parts can fail and cause injury or death.
Mower Blade Maintenance
Do not take chances using damaged or bent blades.
The mower manufacturers from the Association
of Equipment Manufacturers (AEM) and the Farm
Equipment Manufacturers Association (FEMA) advocate
that you DO NOT reuse, straighten, hard face or weld
mower blades. Death or serious injury could result if a
broken blade is thrown from a mower.
Replace any damaged or illegible safety signs.
25
Perform Maintenance Safely
Mower Blade Maintenance (continued)
— How are mower blades made?
Mower blades are made of high strength alloy spring
steel. They are hot-forged and shaped to meet the
manufacturer’s individual specifications, then heat
treated and tempered to a high strength, ductile state
to reduce the possibility of breaking while mowing.
Blades are tested to ensure they meet strength,
hardness, and ductility standards. If a blade fails to
meet any of these specifications, it will not be used
on the mower.
— What happens when a mower blade bends?
It takes a great amount of impact force to bend
the blade. This impact force often results in the
blades being gouged or chipped. After a blade
is damaged by a gouge or chip a blade failure is
much more likely to occur. When a blade is severely
bent, a microscopic crack may be created in the
blade. Straightening the blade does not remove or
repair this crack, but may cause additional cracks.
Additional stresses during mowing operations can
result in an unexpected blade failure.
— Avoid bending blades. Help prevent mower blades
from bending or cracking by avoiding contact with
solid objects. Mower blades are intended to cut
grass, shrubs, woody vegetation, and small trees and
limbs. They are not intended to contact solid objects
such as rocks, concrete, or steel posts. Inspect the
area prior to mowing. Remove or clearly mark any
solid objects and mow around them.
— Replace damaged blades! Inspect the mower blade(s)
daily or after hitting any solid object. If a mower blade
becomes damaged (bent, gouged, cracked) or worn
more than 25 percent of the original size, it should
be removed and replaced with a new blade. Always
use the original manufacturer’s blades. Aftermarket
brand blades may not meet the mower manufacturer’s
strength, hardness and ductility requirements.
— Do not take chances mowing with damaged or
bent blades. Using a damaged or straightened
mower blade can result in the blade breaking and
being thrown into the operator or a bystander causing
death or serious injury. The price of a new blade is
small compared to the potential for the serious injury
that could result from a bent or broken blade being
thrown from the mower.
Final Word To The User
You have just finished reading the AEM Industrial and
Agricultural Mower Manual. It is impossible for this
manual to cover every safety situation that you may
encounter on a daily basis. Your knowledge of these
safety precautions and your application to the
basic rules of safety will help to build good judgment
in all situations. Our objective is to help you develop,
establish and maintain good safety habits to make
operating an Industrial and Agricultural Mower easier
and safer for you.
This manual is another in a series on the safe operation of machinery published by AEM.
Many pictorials in this safety manual can be found and downloaded at http://pictorials.aem.org.
For additional publications visit our website at www.safetymaterials.org.
ASSOCIATION OF
EQUIPMENT MANUFACTURERS
e-mail safetymaterials@aem.org
www.aem.org
26
Contenido
Reconocimiento . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Introducción . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Alertas de seguridad . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Palabras para el usuario/operador . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Cortadora de césped industrial/para agricultura . . . . 4
Cumplimiento del programa de seguridad . . . . . . . . . 5
Preparación para una operación segura . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Arranque con seguridad . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Operación con seguridad . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Estacionamiento seguro . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Apagado con seguridad . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Realización de mantenimiento con seguridad . . . . . 19
Palabras finales para el usuario . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
Reconocimiento
Deseamos reconocer las contribuciones de los miembros del Consejo de Fabricantes de Cortadoras de Césped
Industriales/para Agricultura para la preparación de este Manual de seguridad.
AVISO DE PROTECCIÓN DE COPYRIGHT
Copyright, 2010, por la Asociación de Fabricantes de Equipos (Association of Equipment Manufacturers). Todos los derechos reservados. Queda prohibida la reproducción o
difusión parcial o total de este trabajo por cualquier medio sin consentimiento previo por escrito de la Asociación de Fabricantes de Equipos.
Copyright 2010© AEM (Asociación de Fabricantes de Equipos)
Revisado el 01/03, 09/10
Introducción
Este manual de seguridad está destinado a señalar
algunas de las situaciones de seguridad básicas que
pueden surgir durante la operación y el mantenimiento
normales de la máquina y a instruirlo en prácticas de
seguridad para manejar estas condiciones. Este manual
NO sustituye los manuales del operador del fabricante de
la cortadora de césped.
Puede ser necesario tomar precauciones adicionales o
algunas de las instrucciones pueden no ser pertinentes,
dependiendo del equipo, los accesorios y las condiciones
del sitio de trabajo o del área de servicio. El fabricante no
tiene control directo sobre la aplicación, la operación, la
inspección o el mantenimiento del equipo. Por lo tanto,
es SU responsabilidad utilizar prácticas de seguridad
correctas en estas áreas.
La información que se proporciona en este manual
complementa la información específica sobre la máquina que
contienen los manuales del operador del fabricante. Puede
haber otra información que afecte la operación segura de
la máquina en los letreros de seguridad o en los requisitos
del seguro, programas de seguridad y capacitación del
empleador, códigos de seguridad, leyes federales, locales,
estatales o provinciales, reglas y ordenanzas.
2
Lea y asegúrese
de comprender los
manuales antes
de comenzar la
operación
¡IMPORTANTE! Antes de hacer funcionar la
cortadora de césped, asegúrese de contar con
los manuales del operador del fabricante para
esta máquina y todos los accesorios. Si faltan
los manuales del fabricante, solicite manuales
de repuesto a su empleador, al concesionario de
los equipos o directamente al fabricante. Guarde
este manual de seguridad y los manuales del
fabricante con la máquina en todo momento. Lea
y asegúrese de comprender todos los manuales.
Se encuentra disponible el video AEM Mower
Safety Practices (Prácticas de seguridad para
la cortadora de césped de AEM) para capacitar
y reforzar prácticas de seguridad correctas. Se
alienta a los operadores a ver periódicamente el
video de seguridad.
Alertas de seguridad
Símbolo
Palabras indicativas
Este símbolo de alerta de seguridad significa:
“¡ATENCIÓN! ¡MANTÉNGASE ALERTA! ¡SU
SEGURIDAD ESTÁ EN RIESGO!”
Las palabras indicativas son palabras distintivas que
típicamente se encontrarán en letreros de seguridad
de la cortadora de césped y otros equipos del sitio de
trabajo. Estas palabras también se pueden encontrar
en este manual y en los manuales del fabricante. Están
destinadas a alertar al operador sobre un riesgo y el grado
de gravedad del riesgo.
El símbolo de alerta de seguridad identifica mensajes de
seguridad importantes sobre el equipo, sobre letreros de
seguridad, en manuales u otros lugares. Cuando vea este
símbolo, manténgase alerta ante la posibilidad de muerte
o lesiones personales. Siga las instrucciones del mensaje
de seguridad.
DANGER
PELIGRO
WARNING
ADVERTENCIA
CAUTION
Motivos por los cuales la seguridad es importante:
— Los accidentes provocan discapacidad y muerte.
— Los accidentes cuestan.
— Los accidentes pueden evitarse.
PRECAUCIÓN
NOTICE
AVISO
DANGER (PELIGRO) indica una
situación riesgosa que, si no se evita,
resultará en una lesión grave o la
muerte.
WARNING (ADVERTENCIA) indica
una situación riesgosa que, si no se
evita, podría resultar en una lesión
grave o la muerte.
CAUTION (PRECAUCIÓN) indica
una situación que, si no se evita,
podría resultar en lesiones leves o
moderadas.
NOTICE (AVISO) indica un mensaje
de daños a la propiedad.
Palabras para el usuario/operador
Es SU responsabilidad leer y asegurarse de comprender el
manual de seguridad y los manuales del fabricante antes de
hacer funcionar esta máquina. Este manual de seguridad lo
lleva paso a paso a través de su día de trabajo.
El reconocimiento de los riesgos y la prevención de
accidentes dependen de que usted esté alerta, sea
cuidadoso y se capacite correctamente para la operación,
el transporte, el mantenimiento y el almacenamiento de
este equipo.
Se han suministrado gráficos útiles para comprender el texto.
Recuerde que USTED es la clave de la seguridad. Las
prácticas de seguridad correctas lo protegen no sólo
a usted sino también a las personas que lo rodean.
Estudie este manual y los manuales del fabricante para
su máquina en particular. Transfórmelos en una parte
activa de su programa de seguridad. Tenga presente que
este manual de seguridad está escrito para cortadoras de
césped industriales/para agricultura.
Contáctese con el fabricante del equipo si le queda
alguna pregunta sobre la operación segura después de
estudiar los manuales del operador del fabricante y este
manual de seguridad.
Tome todas las demás precauciones habituales y
acostumbradas para un trabajo seguro y, sobre todo:
RECUERDE:
¡LA SEGURIDAD DEPENDE DE USTED!
Lea y asegúrese
de comprender
todos los letreros
de seguridad
¡PUEDE EVITAR LESIONES GRAVES O MUERTE
CAUSADAS POR PRÁCTICAS LABORALES
NO SEGURAS!
3
Cortadora de césped industrial/para agricultura
Tipos de cortadora de césped industrial/para
agricultura
Las cortadoras de césped se usan para recortar pasturas,
desmenuzar residuos de cultivos, cortar arbustos, realizar
desbroce pesado, cortar la hierba en vías de agua,
derechos de paso, costados de caminos o autopistas.
Además, estas cortadoras se usan para cortar la hierba
y otras plantas en zonas públicas como parques y
cementerios.
Triturador
Aguilón
Giratorio
Barra en forma de hoz
Giratorio con lateral
plegable
Cortadora de césped industrial/para agricultura
Tipos de cortadora de césped de disco para
agricultura
Las cortadoras de césped de disco están diseñadas y
equipadas para cortar cultivos de heno a mayor velocidad
de desplazamiento.
Cortadora de césped
de disco
Las cortadoras/acondicionadoras de disco cortan y
acondicionan los cultivos.
Cortadora/
acondicionadora de
disco
Las formadoras de hileras autopropulsadas cortan el heno
y lo acondicionan en hileras.
4
Formadora de hileras
autopropulsada
Cumplimiento del programa de seguridad
Protéjase a sí mismo
Use la ropa de protección personal y los equipos de
protección personal (PPE) que se le proporcionen o que
requieran las condiciones del trabajo. SIEMPRE debe
usar gafas de seguridad con escudos laterales.
Puede necesitar también:
— Casco
— Calzado de seguridad
— Antiparras de seguridad o protección facial
— Guantes gruesos
— Protección para oídos
— Indumentaria reflectiva
— Indumentaria impermeable
— Respirador o máscara con filtro
Use la ropa necesaria; no corra ningún riesgo.
¡ADVERTENCIA! Evite lesiones graves o muerte por
enredos. No use ropa floja ni accesorios. Ate el cabello
largo. Manténgase alejado de todos los componentes
giratorios cuando el motor está en funcionamiento. El
contacto, el enrollado o el enredo con piezas giratorias o
móviles podrían resultar en lesiones graves o la muerte.
Evite quedar
enredado
Cumplimiento del programa de seguridad
— Lea, asegúrese de comprender y siga las instrucciones
escritas del fabricante que se encuentran en el manual
del operador y en los letreros de seguridad sobre la
cortadora y el tractor.
— Obtenga capacitación para la operación de la
cortadora y el tractor.
— Aproveche los programas de capacitación que se
ofrecen en su zona.
— Solicítele al distribuidor de equipos o al supervisor que
le explique cualquier información que no comprenda.
— Explique las instrucciones escritas de los manuales del
operador y los letreros de seguridad a los usuarios u
operadores que no puedan leerlas.
— Inspeccione la cortadora y el tractor diariamente antes
de hacerlos funcionar. Asegúrese de que todas las
guardas se encuentren en su lugar y de que el equipo
funcione correctamente.
— Nunca fume mientras lo está manejando. Nunca
llene el depósito de combustible con el motor en
funcionamiento o cerca de una llama abierta.
— Asegúrese de tener visibilidad adecuada e iluminación
suficiente.
— Sepa cuáles son los puntos donde puede quedar
atrapado y las partes giratorias. Su conocimiento
puede evitar accidentes.
— Nunca intente hacer funcionar los controles, excepto
desde el asiento del operador. Las funciones
controladas de manera incorrecta pueden producir
el movimiento imprevisto de la máquina y resultar en
lesiones graves o muerte.
— Apague la cortadora y el tractor antes de descender.
(Consulte la página 18, Prácticas correctas de
apagado de los equipos.)
Lea, asegúrese de
comprender y siga
las indicaciones de
los manuales y los
letreros de seguridad
Evite las partes
giratorias
Sepa cuáles son
y evite los puntos
donde pueda quedar
atrapado
5
Cumplimiento del programa de seguridad
Evite las lesiones provocadas por equipos elevados
Evite posibles lesiones de aplastamiento por caídas de la
cortadora u otros equipos elevados.
Evite ser aplastado –
Bloquee o apoye
con seguridad la
cortadora
Antes de trabajar cerca o debajo de partes levadas de la
cortadora o de los equipos:
— Apoye o bloquee con seguridad las partes elevadas de
la cortadora o los equipos de acuerdo con el manual
del operador.
— Apoye, bloquee o trabe con seguridad los laterales con
dispositivos de bloqueo aprobados o descienda las
partes de la cortadora o de los equipos hasta el suelo.
— Use trabas de transporte cuando transporte la
cortadora por la vía pública.
Evite lesiones producidas por líquidos a alta presión
Evite las lesiones por inyección de fluidos debidas a fugas
de líquidos a alta presión.
Si un fluido se inyecta en la piel, debe ser extraído
dentro de pocas horas por personal médico
familiarizado con este tipo de lesión.
Las fugas de fluido bajo presión pueden no ser visibles.
Al verificar en busca de fugas o cuando trabaja cerca de
sistemas presurizados:
— Lea las prácticas de seguridad recomendadas en los
manuales del operador del fabricante.
— Use una protección facial o antiparras de seguridad
para proteger los ojos.
— Use un cartón o una madera para buscar fugas; NO
use las manos.
— Alivie la presión del sistema antes de desconectar líneas.
— Busque y repare las líneas, los tubos y las mangueras
dañados o con fugas.
— Busque y apriete las conexiones flojas.
— Purgue el aire del sistema antes de hacerlo funcionar.
El fluido a alta
presión puede
inyectarse en el
cuerpo
Cumplimiento del programa de seguridad
Evite lesiones por incendios y explosiones
Aplique el freno de estacionamiento, apague el motor de
la cortadora y del tractor y retire la llave mientras llena
el depósito de combustible. Tenga precaución adicional
cuando carga combustible en un motor caliente. Nunca
fume mientras carga combustible. Evite las chispas
conectando a tierra la boquilla de combustible contra el
cuello de llenado del depósito.
Los vapores de un depósito de combustible vacío son
explosivos. Nunca suelde o realice cortes en líneas,
depósitos o contenedores de combustible.
Retire toda la basura o los residuos de corte de la
máquina todos los días o según sea necesario. Mantenga
los residuos alejados del motor, el escape, los embragues
y otras fuentes de calor. Use supresores de chispas,
según corresponda, en el sistema de escape del motor.
Asegúrese de que no haya trapos con aceite u otro
material inflamable almacenado en la máquina.
operador del fabricante correspondientes a la cortadora
de césped. No use éter/fluido para arranque en frío si el
motor está equipado con bujías de precalentamiento u
otro dispositivo de precalentamiento.
Siempre use solvente no inflamable para limpiar las
partes. No use gasolina, combustible diesel u otros fluidos
inflamables. Almacene todos los fluidos y materiales
inflamables lejos de la máquina y de la zona de trabajo.
Sepa dónde se guardan los extintores de incendios, cómo
funcionan y para qué tipo de incendio están destinados.
Verifique la disponibilidad de los extintores de incendios de
acuerdo con las instrucciones del fabricante. Asegúrese de
que cada tractor esté equipado con un extintor de incendios.
No fumar;
evitar las llamas
abiertas
Revise en busca de fugas de combustible, aceite o fluido
hidráulico. Repare las fugas y limpie la máquina antes de
hacerla funcionar.
El éter/fluido para arranque en frío es inflamable. No fume
cuando usa éter/fluido para arranque en frío. Siempre
siga las instrucciones del recipiente y de los manuales del
6
Retire los
residuos a diario
o según sea
necesario
Cumplimiento del programa de seguridad
¡Manténgase alerta!
Para una operación segura
Sepa dónde obtener asistencia. Sepa cómo usar un
equipo de primeros auxilios y un extintor de incendios/
sistema de supresión de fuego.
Usted debe ser un operador cualificado y autorizado
para operar la máquina correctamente. Debe comprender
claramente las instrucciones por escrito que proporciona
el fabricante, recibir capacitación (que incluya la
operación real de la cortadora de césped) y conocer
las reglas y ordenanzas de seguridad correspondientes
al sitio de trabajo. Una buena práctica de seguridad
consiste en señalar y explicar los letreros y las prácticas
de seguridad y asegurarse de que otras personas
comprendan la importancia de seguir estas instrucciones.
¡Manténgase informado!
Aproveche los programas de capacitación que se ofrecen.
¡Tenga cuidado!
El error humano es causado por muchos factores: descuido,
fatiga, sobrecarga, preocupación, desconocimiento de
la máquina por parte del operador, fármacos y alcohol,
entre muchos otros. Los daños al tractor o la cortadora de
césped se pueden arreglar en un tiempo breve, pero las
lesiones o la muerte tienen un efecto perdurable.
Por su seguridad y la de los demás, aliente a sus
compañeros de trabajo a actuar con seguridad.
Nunca use
fármacos o alcohol
mientras está
operando la máquina
¡ADVERTENCIA! Los fármacos y el alcohol afectan la
capacidad de alerta y de coordinación del operador,
así como su capacidad para operar los equipos con
seguridad. Nunca use fármacos o alcohol mientras
opera el equipo de la cortadora. Nunca permita a
sabiendas que otra persona opere esta máquina con
la capacidad de alerta o coordinación deteriorada.
Un operador que toma un medicamento recetado o de
venta libre debe consultar a un profesional médico con
respecto a los efectos colaterales del medicamento que
podrían reducir su capacidad de operar este equipo con
seguridad.
Cumplimiento del programa de seguridad
Conozca las reglas
La mayoría de los empleadores tienen reglas que rigen la
operación y el mantenimiento de los equipos. Antes de
comenzar a trabajar en una ubicación nueva, verifique con
el supervisor o con el coordinador de seguridad. Averigüe
sobre las reglas que tendrá que obedecer.
La Administración de Seguridad y Salud Ocupacional
(Occupational Safety and Health Administration,
OSHA) hace cumplir leyes federales dentro de los
EE.UU. que se aplican a la operación, la aplicación y el
mantenimiento seguros de equipos en un sitio de trabajo.
Es responsabilidad del empleador cumplir estas leyes. Un
representante de OSHA puede visitar periódicamente un
sitio de trabajo para ver si estas leyes se cumplen.
También puede haber leyes estatales/provinciales o locales
u ordenanzas internacionales que se apliquen a este
equipo y a su uso, junto con reglas específicas del sitio
de trabajo o del empleador. Es importante que conozca y
cumpla todas las leyes y reglas aplicables, incluso las que
requieren capacitación y certificación del operador.
Las siguientes son algunas de las reglas que debe
cumplir al trabajar:
— Un ROPS (sistema de protección antivuelco) y un tractor
equipado con cinturón de seguridad es exigencia del
gobierno federal (OSHA) par ala protección de los
operadores durante el funcionamiento de la cortadora.
Una cabina cerrada proporciona protección adicional para
el operador con respecto a objetos arrojados. Verifique el
manual del operador de la cortadora de césped para ver
si también se requiere una cabina de tractor.
— Use y verifique que otras personas usen la indumentaria
y los equipos de protección personal correctos.
— Inspeccione la máquina y los accesorios antes de cada
uso según lo especificado por el fabricante y por su
empleador.
— Conozca las limitaciones y las características operativas
del equipo de corte de césped. No haga un uso indebido.
— Verifique que todos los escudos y las guardas estén
correctamente instalados antes de hacer funcionar la
máquina.
— Nunca modifique o retire partes de la máquina (excepto
para realizar servicios; después, asegúrese de que se
vuelvan a colocar en su lugar).
Reglas
de seguridad
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Sepa cuáles son
y asegúrese de
comprender las reglas
de funcionamiento
7
Cumplimiento del programa de seguridad
Algunas reglas que debe cumplir al trabajar
(continuación)
— Únicamente personas cualificadas y autorizadas
pueden manejar estos equipos.
— Nunca permita que los niños jueguen en los equipos,
viajen en ellos o los hagan funcionar. Los niños no
están cualificados para manejar estos equipos.
— No transporte pasajeros.
— Use contacto en tres puntos (asideros y peldaños) y
enfrente el equipo al ascender o descender de él.
— Mantenga a las personas ajenas a 300 pies (92 m) de la
operación de corte.
— Familiarícese con el sitio de trabajo antes de usar la
cortadora de césped. Tenga en cuenta posibles riesgos
que puede encontrar en el terreno. Retire o marque los
obstáculos y residuos que podrían dañar la cortadora o
ser arrojados por ella.
— Utilice sólo accesorios y partes aprobados por el
fabricante de la cortadora de césped.
— Asegúrese de que todos accesorios estén descendidos,
aplique el freno de estacionamiento, apague el motor y
haga funcionar todas las palancas de control. Retire la
llave antes de salir del tractor. (Consulte la página 18,
Prácticas correctas de apagado de los equipos.)
— Cuando transporte la cortadora de césped en un
remolque, siga las instrucciones detalladas del fabricante
para la carga, el amarre y la descarga de la cortadora.
Mantenga
a los niños alejados
de los equipos
Mantenga a las
personas ajenas
alejadas
No lleve
pasajeros
Apague los equipos
cuando están sin
vigilancia
Cumplimiento del programa de seguridad
Conozca los equipos
Lea y asegúrese de comprender los letreros de seguridad
que indican PELIGRO, ADVERTENCIA, PRECAUCIÓN
y AVISO y otros letreros informativos que hay sobre
el tractor y la cortadora de césped y en el manual del
operador del fabricante. Solicítele al supervisor o al
distribuidor de la cortadora que le explique cualquier
información que no comprenda. El incumplimiento de las
instrucciones de seguridad podría resultar en lesiones
graves o muerte.
Lea y asegúrese
de comprender
todos los letreros
de seguridad
8
Asegúrese de que todas las estructuras de protección,
guardas, escudos, pantallas y paneles del fabricante
están bien reparados, en su lugar y bien ajustados.
Los componentes de seguridad dañados, faltantes o
debilitados pueden crear una situación de riesgo para
usted como operador. Nunca retire o modifique ningún
componente de seguridad (incluso escudos para objetos
arrojados) que haya en la cortadora.
Conozca lo siguiente sobre el tractor y la cortadora de
césped:
— Funcionamiento, propósito y uso de todos los controles.
— Velocidades de funcionamiento correctas.
— Capacidades y funcionamiento correcto en pendientes
y terrenos desparejos.
— Características del frenado y la dirección.
— Radio de giro y separaciones.
— Cómo detener los equipos rápidamente en una
emergencia.
Lea y asegúrese
de comprender los
manuales antes
de comenzar la
operación
Preparación para una operación segura
Revise los equipos de la cortadora de césped y el
tractor
Antes de comenzar la jornada de trabajo, inspeccione la
máquina y asegúrese de que todos los sistemas estén en
buenas condiciones operacionales.
¡ADVERTENCIA! Evite posibles lesiones por aplastamiento
producidas por equipos que caen. La falla del sistema
hidráulico o de una parte podría causar la caída de
equipos que no están apoyados. No permanezca debajo
de equipos elevados excepto que estén correctamente
apoyados de acuerdo con el manual del operador.
— Realice procedimientos de servicio diarios y periódicos
según lo indicado por el fabricante del equipo.
— Verifique para detectar piezas faltantes, dañadas,
rotas o flojas en el tractor y en la cortadora de césped.
Repare o sustituya esas piezas.
— Verifique que los accesorios del tractor y la cortadora
sean los correctos.
— Verifique que la clasificación nominal de velocidad de
TDF del tractor y la cortadora sea la correcta.
— Verifique el estado de las hojas de la cortadora
de césped. Sustituya las hojas que se encuentren
gravemente gastadas, dobladas, agujereadas o
marcadas; incluya los pernos y sujetadores de las
hojas. Nunca enderece o suelde en las hojas.
— Asegúrese de que el escudo para objetos que son
arrojados se encuentre correctamente instalado y en buen
estado. Repárelo o sustitúyalo si está dañado o falta.
Recorrida de
inspección
Realice el
mantenimiento de
la máquina
Lea el manual –
Bloquee o apoye
con seguridad la
cortadora
Preparación para una operación segura
— Verifique que todos los escudos y guardas estén en su
lugar y que todos los equipos se encuentren en buenas
condiciones de funcionamiento. Esto incluye la línea
motriz de la TDF, la caja de engranajes y las guardas y
escudos de los implementos que se usan para proteger
al operador.
— Verifique que los dispositivos de bloqueo del extremo
en horquilla de la línea motriz estén correctamente
enclavados.
— Verifique en busca de sistemas hidráulicos dañados o
con fugas en el tractor o la cortadora. Repare o ajuste
según sea necesario.
¡ADVERTENCIA! El fluido hidráulico bajo presión puede
penetrar la piel o los ojos y causar lesiones graves,
ceguera o la muerte. Las fugas de fluido bajo presión
pueden no ser visibles. Utilice un cartón o una madera
para buscar fugas, no la mano. Use protección ocular.
Si el fluido se inyecta en la piel, debe ser extraído dentro
de las próximas pocas horas por personal médico
familiarizado con este tipo de lesión.
— Mantenga la superficie de la plataforma del operador
limpia y libre de grasa, aceite, suciedad, nieve o
hielo. Los peldaños y asideros deben estar limpios y
funcionar correctamente.
— Asegúrese de que las luces de trabajo se mantengan
limpias (si están instaladas). Verifique que todas las
luces funcionen correctamente.
— Asegúrese de que el letrero de vehículo de movimiento
lento, los y las luces de advertencia estén en buenas
condiciones y puedan verse claramente.
— Asegúrese de que todas las herramientas y objetos
sueltos se retiren o se sujeten con seguridad mientras
se opera la máquina.
— Verifique que todos los letreros de seguridad se vean
con claridad. Sustituya los letreros dañados.
Revise para
detectar/guardas y
escudos dañados
Verifique en
busca de fugas e
inspeccione las
mangueras
Aparte las
reflectores
herramientas
9
Preparación para una operación segura
Familiarícese con la zona de trabajo
Antes de hacer funcionar la cortadora de césped,
inspeccione cuidadosamente la zona de trabajo. Recorra
a pie alrededor de la zona e inspeccione las superficies
sobre las cuales se desplazará cuando utilice la cortadora.
Recorra a pie
alrededor del lugar
de trabajo
Localice y evite:
— Agujeros
— Desmoronamientos
— Obstáculos (tocones)
— Excavaciones
— Agua estancada
— Lodo profundo
— Puntos mojados
— Suelo blando
— Puntos irregulares
— Líneas y aparatos
eléctricos
— Otros servicios públicos
— Cualquier condición que
podría causar una colisión,
pérdida de control o vuelco
— Pendientes empinadas
Busque residuos y obstáculos recorriendo a pie la zona
antes de cortar. Los objetos como alambre, cable, rocas,
neumáticos y metales que podrían dañar o ser arrojados
por la cortadora de césped deben retirarse o marcarse
claramente y evitarse.
Corrija las condiciones no seguras. No opere en áreas
con problemas donde no se puedan retirar o marcar los
residuos y los obstáculos.
Analice la zona de corte para determinar:
— El procedimiento de corte más eficiente.
— La altura del material que debe cortarse.
— Las condiciones operativas del terreno.
— Cómo usar mejor el patrón de corte en sentido de
avance.
— Las posibilidades de que personas ajenas o que pasan
circunstancialmente queden expuestas a objetos que
se arrojan.
Retire o marque
los residuos y
obstáculos
Tenga cuidado con otras personas
Antes de poner en marcha los equipos:
— Recorra a pie alrededor de los equipos.
— Verifique en busca de personas debajo o cerca de los
equipos.
— Retire a todas las personas de esas zonas.
— Haga sonar una advertencia.
Preparación para una operación segura
Ascienda y descienda del tractor correctamente
Siempre use contacto de tres puntos al ascender o
descender del tractor o de la cortadora de césped.
Enfrente la máquina al ingresar o salir de ella. Un contacto
de tres puntos significa que tres de los cuatro miembros
(brazos y piernas) están en contacto con la máquina en
todo momento durante el ascenso y descenso.
Antes de ascender:
— Límpiese el calzado y las manos. Limpie la nieve, el
hielo, el lodo o el aceite de los peldaños y asideros.
Durante el ascenso y el descenso:
— Use los asideros y los estribos.
— Nunca se aferre al volante o a los controles como
asideros.
— Nunca ascienda o descienda de un tractor en
movimiento.
— Nunca ascienda o descienda transportando
herramientas u objetos que impidan el contacto de tres
puntos. Deje en el piso las piezas o las herramientas.
Manteniendo el contacto correcto, suba y, después,
recoja el objeto.
10
Utilice contacto
de tres puntos
Limpie las
superficies
resbaladizas
Preparación para una operación segura
Prueba de seguridad de los controles del tractor
y de la cortadora de césped
Arranque el tractor siguiendo los procedimientos
específicos del manual del operador del fabricante. Estos
procedimientos normalmente incluyen:
— Colóquese y ajústese el cinturón de seguridad en el
tractor equipado con ROPS.
— Verifique que el freno de estacionamiento esté aplicado.
— Verifique que la TDF esté desenganchada.
— Verifique que todos los controles estén en la posición
de estacionamiento.
— Advierta a otras personas en la zona antes de arrancar
el tractor.
— Arranque el tractor siguiendo los procedimientos de
arranque que recomienda el fabricante del tractor.
¡ADVERTENCIA! Evite lesiones graves o muertes
producidas por el movimiento inesperado de la máquina.
Arranque el motor únicamente desde el puesto del
operador. Nunca intente arrancar el motor haciendo
un corto entre los bornes del arranque o tomando la
llave desde el suelo o desde afuera de la cabina.
Después del arranque:
— Verifique que todos los instrumentos, indicadores y
luces indicadoras funcionen normalmente.
— Verifique que todos los controles, la dirección y los
frenos del tractor funcionen correctamente.
Use el ROPS
y el cinturón de
seguridad
Arranque
únicamente desde
el asiento del
operador
Revise los
instrumentos y
controles
— Eleve y descienda la cortadora de césped en busca
de problemas en el descenso total o el enganche de la
línea motriz.
— Verifique los equipos en busca de vibraciones
excesivas y ruidos anormales.
Preparación para una operación segura
— Use las prácticas correctas de apagado de los equipos
antes de inspeccionar equipos. Espere hasta que todo
movimiento de los equipos se haya detenido antes de
descender del tractor o la cortadora de césped.
— No haga funcionar la cortadora si el tractor y la cortadora
de césped no funcionan correctamente. Coloque una
etiqueta que indique “No poner en funcionamiento” en la
máquina, retire la llave y no haga funcionar la cortadora
hasta que el problema se haya corregido.
Sistema de toma de fuerza (TDF)
No descienda hasta
que el movimiento de
los equipos se haya
detenido
Use una etiqueta
que indique
“No poner en
funcionamiento”
Asegúrese de hacer funcionar el tractor a la velocidad de
TDF indicada para la cortadora.
Al hacer funcionar tractores con sistemas de TDF
impulsados por transmisión, una cortadora giratoria tiene
un significativo efecto de rueda volante. La cortadora
puede seguir propulsando un tractor con un sistema de
TDF impulsado por transmisión.
El tractor debe estar equipado y funcionar como sigue:
— Instale una línea motriz equipada con un embrague de
sobrecarga.
— Prevea suficiente espacio y tiempo para maniobrar
anticipando los giros, las paradas y las reducciones de
velocidad.
Use la velocidad
de la TDF
11
Preparación para una operación segura
Enganche de la cortadora de césped al tractor
Lea y asegúrese
de comprender los
manuales antes
de comenzar la
operación
Cortadoras montadas en enganche de tres puntos:
— Consulte los manuales de los fabricantes de la
cortadora y del tractor.
— Coloque la palanca selectora de elevación de potencia
hidráulica del tractor en la posición descendida para
evitar movimientos imprevistos.
— Explique los procedimientos de enganche a los
operadores que no puedan leerlos.
— Pueden requerirse pesos en el extremo delantero para
mantener el control de la dirección y la estabilidad del
extremo delantero. Consulte los manuales del operador
de los fabricantes.
— Al hacer retroceder el tractor hasta la cortadora de
césped, NUNCA permita que haya personas entre
tractor y la cortadora.
— Instale la cortadora en los eslabones de tres puntos del
tractor y asegúrela en su lugar con pasadores.
— Instale con seguridad la línea motriz a la TDF del
tractor. Descienda el escudo principal hasta su lugar
si es móvil. Empuje y tire de la línea motriz para
asegurarse de que esté trabada en el vástago de
la TDF.
Mantenga una
distribución
correcta del peso
No permita que
haya nadie entre el
tractor y la cortadora
de césped
Evite quedar
enredado, use
guardas y
escudos
Preparación para una operación segura
Cortadoras montadas en enganche tipo de tiro:
— Consulte los manuales de los fabricantes de la
cortadora y del tractor.
— Retire el acople rápido del enganche de tres puntos si
está instalado.
— Instálelo únicamente al enganche de la barra de tiro.
— Ajuste la longitud de la barra de tiro del tractor para el
funcionamiento de la TDF a 540 ó 1000 rpm.
— Al hacer retroceder el tractor hasta la cortadora de
césped, NUNCA permita que haya personas entre
tractor y la cortadora.
— Instale correctamente la cadena de remolque de
seguridad de la cortadora en el tractor.
— Instale con seguridad la línea motriz a la TDF del
tractor. Empuje y tire de la línea motriz para asegurarse
de que esté trabada en la TDF. Descienda el escudo
principal a su lugar.
— Conecte las mangueras hidráulicas de la cortadora de
césped en el tractor.
— Asegúrese de que los laterales o las plataformas
elevadas de la cortadora estén sostenidas por los
cilindros antes de retirar las trabas de transporte.
Nunca haga fuerza para soltar las trabas de transporte
o de los laterales. Los laterales o la plataforma podrían
caerse y aplastarlo.
12
TDF A 540 RPM
ESTRÍA 6 A 1 3/8"
14
PULG.
Ajuste de la
barra de tiro del
tractor
TDF A 1000 RPM
ESTRÍA 21 A 1 3/8"
16
PULG.
TDF A 1000 RPM 1
ESTRÍA 20 A 1 ¾"
20
PULG.
Confirme que los
laterales estén
apoyados antes de
soltar las trabas
Evite quedar
enredado, use
guardas y
escudos
Arranque con seguridad
Cómo realizar un arranque correcto
Corte la hierba únicamente con luz diurna o en
condiciones de buena luz artificial.
Evite lesiones graves o muerte producidas por objetos
arrojados por la cortadora o por el contacto con las hojas:
— Mantenga los escudos de las cadenas, los escudos
deflectores flexibles o sólidos y las rampas de
descarga en su lugar y en buen estado de reparación.
— Mantenga a las personas ajenas a 300 pies (92 m) de la
operación de corte.
— Nunca dirija la descarga de la cortadora hacia una
persona.
— Mantenga las manos, los pies y otras partes del
cuerpo alejadas de las piezas giratorias, las hojas y las
aberturas de descarga.
— No haga funcionar la cortadora de césped en la
posición de transporte.
No se acerque a una cortadora hasta que todo
movimiento se haya detenido.
Enganche de la transmisión de RDF de la cortadora de
césped:
— Eleve la cortadora hasta la altura de corte máxima.
— Enganche la TDF a baja velocidad del motor.
— Aumente la velocidad del motor hasta llegar a la
velocidad nominal de la TDF.
— Descienda la cortadora hasta la altura de corte deseada.
— Detenga y apague de inmediato si la cortadora golpea
contra una obstrucción.
— Inspeccione y repare cualquier daño de la cortadora
antes de reanudar el corte.
— No haga funcionar una cortadora que vibra en exceso o
produce ruidos anormales.
Hojas giratorias –
Manténgase
No ponga en
funcionamiento una
cortadora de césped
dañada
Objetos arrojados por la cortadora de césped
Dependiendo del propósito previsto, las cortadoras
están diseñadas para cortar hierba, maleza, broza y
cultivos. Las hojas de la cortadora están diseñadas y
probadas para uso intensivo. Las hojas de la cortadora,
sin embargo, no están diseñadas para entrar en contacto
con objetos sólidos como rocas, cemento o metales. Un
impacto de este tipo puede arrojar objetos rotos hasta
300 pies (92 m) de distancia. Nunca debe haber personas
ajenas a menos de 300 pies (92 m) de una cortadora
giratoria en funcionamiento o a menos de 100 pies (30 m)
de una cortadora de disco correctamente equipada.
Operación con seguridad
Los escudos de la cortadora están diseñados para reducir
el riesgo de objetos arrojados y se deben mantener
correctamente y en su lugar durante las operaciones de
corte.
Siga todas
las reglas de
seguridad
El riesgo de lesiones graves o muerte puede reducirse
significativamente si se siguen estas reglas. Si no se
siguen todas estas reglas de seguridad, la operación
de corte debe detenerse en caso de que alguna
persona ingrese dentro del límite de seguridad
correspondiente a cada tipo de cortadora.
Realice el corte de la zona a una altura intermedia.
Inspeccione la zona atentamente y retire o marque
cualquier residuo u obstáculo restante. Corte nuevamente
a la altura final deseada.
Primero — Inspeccione la zona antes de cortar y retire las
piedras, ramas, alambres, cables, metales, vidrios y otros
objetos sólidos antes de hacer funcionar la máquina. Los
objetos que no puedan retirarse deben marcarse con
claridad y ser evitados con cuidado por el operador.
Segundo — Los escudos para objetos arrojados por la
cortadora deben usarse cuando se opera cerca de caminos,
parques, zonas pobladas u otras zonas donde objetos
arrojados podrían lesionar a personas ajenas o dañar la
propiedad. Siga el manual del operador del fabricante.
En áreas sin cultivos con hierba y maleza de altura
suficiente como para ocultar objetos que podrían ser
golpeados por las hojas, inspeccione la zona y retire o
marque los residuos u obstáculos grandes.
Tercero — Cruce en sentido diagonal cuando realiza
el corte a través de zanjas, depresiones marcadas y
hundimientos. Eleve la cortadora para evitar que las hojas
de la cortadora golpeen el suelo.
13
Operación con seguridad
Objetos arrojados por la cortadora de césped
(continuación)
Apague la TDF, espere que las hojas dejen de girar, eleve
la cortadora y, después, retroceda.
Cortadoras de disco — Cuando se usa una cortadora
de disco, es importante conocer la zona donde se va a
cortar. Si el operador ha realizado cortes en el terreno
antes y está familiarizado con todos los obstáculos
que puede haber, es suficiente observar delante de la
trayectoria de la cortadora para detectar cualquier objeto
adicional que pueda haber ingresado en el terreno. Esté
preparado para detenerse o evitar objetos que podrían
ser peligrosos si son arrojados por la cortadora. Si piensa
cortar en un terreno que no conoce bien y se encuentra
junto a un camino transitado o puede haber personas
a menos de 100 pies (30 m) de la cortadora de césped,
debe inspeccionar y limpiar o marcar el terreno.
Corte desplazándose en sentido de avance.
Cómo cortar en retroceso
No corte mientras se desplaza en retroceso. Es más
probable que se arrojen objetos y que éstos puedan llegar
más lejos.
No corte
en retroceso
Use la velocidad
de desplazamiento
correcta
Velocidad de desplazamiento durante el corte
La velocidad de desplazamiento correcta depende de las
condiciones del terreno y del tipo de hierba, la densidad y
la altura que debe cortarse:
— El rango normal de velocidad de desplazamiento es de
2 a 5 mph (3.2 a 8 km/h).
— Use una velocidad de desplazamiento menor para
cortar hierbas altas y densas.
— Use una velocidad de desplazamiento mayor para
cortar hierba delgada a altura media y con condiciones
de terreno sin dificultades.
— Use una velocidad de desplazamiento menor par acortar
en terreno irregular, con pendientes o no muy conocido.
Las cortadoras de disco están diseñadas para usar
velocidades de desplazamiento mayores cuando funcionan
en terrenos despejados de residuos y peligros superficiales.
Operación con seguridad
Corte de hierba extremadamente alta
Puede ser necesario cortar dos veces la hierba
extremadamente alta que no sea cultivo. (Consulte la página
13, Objetos arrojados por la cortadora de césped.)
Detenga
la hoja antes de
desatascar
Primera pasada de corte:
— Apague la cortadora y el tractor usando la práctica
correcta de apagado de equipos antes de descender del
tractor. (Consulte la página 18, Prácticas correctas de
apagado de los equipos.)
— Inspeccione la zona y retire o marque cualquier residuo u
obstáculo.
— Corte la hierba a mayor altura (10 a 15 pulg. [25 a 38 cm])
para evitar los objetos ocultos.
Proporcione el
espacio libre
adecuado para la
oscilación de la
cortadora de césped
Segunda pasada de corte:
— Apague la cortadora y el tractor usando la práctica
correcta de apagado de equipos antes de descender
del tractor.
— Inspeccione la zona y retire o marque cualquier residuo
u obstáculo.
— Corte la hierba a la altura deseada y, de ser posible, a
90 grados con respecto a la primera pasada de corte.
14
Preste atención a los espacios libres de los
equipos
Las cortadoras con enganche de tres puntos y montaje
lateral tienen un arco de giro mayor que las tipo de tiro.
Deje el espacio libre suficiente para la oscilación de la
cortadora cuando gira.
No permita que haya personas ajenas cerca del tractor
y la cortadora de césped cuando mueve o transporta el
tractor y la cortadora.
Operación con seguridad
Prácticas de seguridad para la cortadora de
césped de montaje inferior
Cuando se traslada con una cortadora de césped de
montaje inferior:
— Mantenga la rampa de descarga extraíble en su lugar y
por encima de la abertura de descarga.
— Nunca se pare sobre la carcasa de una cortadora
de césped cuando el motor del tractor está en
funcionamiento.
— Distribuya los recortes de hierba con la rampa de
descarga orientada hacia la zona donde se cortó.
— Antes de limpiar una cortadora o una rampa de
descarga atascada, apague la máquina usando la
práctica correcta para apagado del equipo. (Consulte
la página 18, Prácticas correctas de apagado de los
equipos.)
Nunca se pare
sobre la cortadora
de césped –
Manténgase alejado
Mantenga
la rampa en
su lugar
Detenga
la hoja antes de
desatascar
Operación con seguridad
Cortadora de césped con lateral o aguilón
Peligros y riesgos de obstrucciones elevadas
Verifique en busca de obstrucciones elevadas con las
cortadoras que tienen el lateral o el aguilón elevado, para
evitar lesiones graves o la muerte por contacto con:
— Líneas y aparatos eléctricos.
— Ramas bajas de los árboles.
— Otras obstrucciones elevadas.
— Mantenga las distancias especificadas con respecto a
los cables y los aparatos eléctricos. Nunca se acerque
a cables o aparatos eléctricos energizados con ninguna
parte de la máquina, salvo que se hayan tomado todas
las precauciones de seguridad locales, estatales/
provinciales y federales (OSHA) necesarias. Use
extrema precaución.
No se acerque a
líneas de electricidad
energizadas
Manténgase alejado
de los equipos
energizados
¡PELIGRO! Evite la electrocución o lesiones graves por
contacto o un espacio libre inadecuado con respecto
a líneas o aparatos eléctricos energizados. No permita
que la máquina o el accesorio se acerque o entre en
contacto con una línea de electricidad. No se acerque
ni toque una máquina que esté en contacto con una
línea de electricidad.
15
Operación con seguridad
Prácticas de seguridad para cortadoras de
césped con laterales y montaje lateral
300 ft
(92 m)
Las posiciones elevadas de los laterales reducen la
protección de los escudos y aumentan los riesgos de
objetos arrojados y contacto con las hojas.
Evite la posibilidad de lesiones graves o muerte por
objetos arrojados o contacto con las hojas causados
por la elevación y el descenso de los laterales durante
las operaciones de corte:
— No realice cortes con personas ajenas presentes a
menos de 300 pies (92 m) de la cortadora de césped.
— Asegúrese de que no haya personas cerca de la
cortadora mientras se elevan o descienden los
laterales.
— Apague la TDF y espere hasta que todos los elementos
giratorios se hayan detenido antes de elevar la
plataforma o la sección lateral de la cortadora.
— Únicamente eleve el lateral para quitar objetos de la
trayectoria de corte o para acompañar una pendiente
del terreno.
— Descienda hasta el suelo el lateral elevado una vez que
se eliminó el objeto o se superó la pendiente.
— Detenga el trabajo de corte si alguna persona se acerca
a menos de 300 pies (92 m) de la zona de corte.
Mantenga a las
personas ajenas
alejadas de la zona
de corte
Evite golpear
obstrucciones
Prácticas de seguridad para trabajos de corte en
orillas de zanjas
Use extremo cuidado al realizar cortes en orillas
de zanjas. Preste atención a escurrimientos, zonas
erosionadas y obstrucciones para el corte a lo largo de
las orillas de zanjas. Si se golpean obstrucciones con
cortadoras de montaje lateral o con aguilón, el extremo
delantero del tractor puede desviarse hacia la zanja.
Operación con seguridad
Los trabajos en orillas de zanjas con aguilón y lateral
elevado pueden reducir la eficacia de la protección del
operador de la cortadora que proporcionan los escudos
para objetos arrojados.
Utilice cabinas
cerradas con ROPS
o cerramientos de
protección
— Cuando realice estas operaciones, use cabinas cerradas
con ROPS, cerramientos protectores especiales y otros
escudos para el operador que ofrece el fabricante.
— Inspeccione la zona de corte y retire o marque todos
los objetos extraños y los residuos que deberá esquivar
la cortadora.
de que el ROPS está elevado y trabado en su lugar y
use siempre el cinturón de seguridad.
Prevenga los vuelcos del tractor y de la cortadora de césped
y mantenga controlada la estabilidad de los equipos:
— Repase los manuales del operador del tractor y de la
cortadora para ver las prácticas de seguridad para
operaciones en pendientes y terrenos desparejos.
Explique las prácticas a los operadores que no puedan
leerlas.
— Evite trabajar en pendientes extremadamente
empinadas.
Lea y asegúrese
de comprender los
manuales antes
de comenzar la
operación
Prácticas de seguridad para trabajos de corte en
terrenos desparejos
Las pendientes y los terrenos desparejos reducen la
estabilidad del tractor y de la cortadora.
Como en todas las condiciones de corte, use tractores
equipados con ROPS y cinturón de seguridad. Asegúrese
16
Use el ROPS
y el cinturón
de seguridad
Operación con seguridad
Prácticas de seguridad para trabajos de corte en
terrenos desparejos (continuación)
— Use extremo cuidado para mantener el control de los
equipos cuando trabaja en estas condiciones.
— Aumente la estabilidad del tractor agregando
pesos o lastre en las ruedas y aumentando al
máximo la separación entre las ruedas. Consulte las
recomendaciones en el manual del operador.
— Mantenga la velocidad de desplazamiento en el mínimo.
— Realice giros amplios y graduales.
— Evite los arranques, las paradas y los giros bruscos
cuando trabaje en subidas o bajadas de pendientes o
sobre ellas.
— No levante del suelo las cortadoras de montaje trasero
o de montaje lateral ni los laterales de la cortadora
durante estas operaciones.
— Manténganse alerta en busca de agujeros, baches,
pozos, tocones u otras obstrucciones que podrían
hacer volcar la máquina.
— Evite las condiciones de suelo resbaladizo que podrían
causar la pérdida de control y el vuelco del tractor y la
cortadora.
— Evite bajar completamente y golpear el suelo cuando
cruza en sentido diagonal depresiones marcadas y
hundimientos.
Mantenga
el control,
desplácese
Agregue lastre,
ensanche la
separación entre
las ruedas
Evite los pozos,
baches y agujeros
Use extremo cuidado al mantener la estabilidad de los
equipos durante todos los trabajos de corte en terrenos
desparejos y pendientes. Usted es quien juzga en última
instancia si en cualquier pendiente se puede trabajar con
seguridad.
Operación con seguridad
Prácticas de seguridad para el transporte en caminos
Antes de operar en la vía pública:
— Consulte los manuales del operador de los fabricantes
de la cortadora y del tractor para ver instrucciones.
— Explique las instrucciones a los usuarios u operadores
que no puedan leerlas.
— Verifique las ordenanzas locales sobre marcas, luces,
balizas, etc. requeridas en los equipos durante el
desplazamiento por la vía pública. Se requieren luces
en las cortadoras que obstaculizan la visibilidad de las
luces traseras y/o las luces de advertencia del tractor.
— Cuando transporte la cortadora de césped en un
remolque, siga las instrucciones detalladas del fabricante
para la carga, el amarre y la descarga de la cortadora.
Antes de transportar en la vía pública:
— Desconecte la alimentación de la TDF a la cortadora.
— Eleve la cortadora a la posición de transporte y aplique
la traba para transporte.
— Trabe los laterales de la cortadora de césped en la
posición de transporte con dispositivos de bloqueo
aprobados.
— Instale una cadena de seguridad para remolque entre la
cortadora tipo de tiro y el tractor.
— Asegúrese de que las luces, las luces de advertencia y
los reflectores están en su lugar y son visibles.
— Verifique que el emblema de vehículo de movimiento le
resulte visible a cualquier vehículo que se aproxime por
atrás.
Durante el transporte en la vía pública:
— Obedezca todas las ordenanzas de tránsito locales.
— Acérquese a las intersecciones con precaución.
— Observe los letreros de velocidad y control del tránsito.
— Evite las paradas de emergencia y los giros cerrados.
Sea un operador amable y apártese periódicamente para
dejar pasar el tránsito.
Lea y asegúrese
de comprender los
manuales antes
de comenzar la
operación
STOP
YIELD
Obedezca las
ordenanzas de
tránsito
17
Estacionamiento seguro
Prácticas de seguridad para el estacionamiento
— Use las zonas designadas o alejadas del tránsito.
— Use lugares con suelo firme y nivelado.
— Aplique el freno de estacionamiento.
— Descienda el equipo de la cortadora de césped hasta
el suelo.
P
Apague la cortadora y el tractor usando la práctica
correcta de apagado de equipos antes de descender del
tractor. (Consulte la página 18, Prácticas correctas de
apagado de los equipos.)
Lugares de estacionamiento con suelo en pendiente:
— Ubique los equipos transversalmente con respecto a la
pendiente.
— Aplique los frenos de estacionamiento.
— Descienda el equipo de la cortadora de césped hasta
el suelo.
— Bloquee las ruedas del tractor.
Aplique el freno de
estacionamiento
Descienda
los equipos elevados
hasta el suelo
Antes de estacionar temporalmente y dejar equipos
deshabilitados cerca de zonas con tránsito:
— Retire los equipos de la vía pública.
— Instale banderas de advertencia.
— Use las balizas de advertencia del tractor.
Apagado con seguridad
Prácticas correctas de apagado de los equipos
PTO
Transforme el apagado correcto de los equipos en un hábito.
El apagado correcto de un tractor y una cortadora
de césped puede ayudar a evitar accidentes cuando
la cortadora está sin vigilancia. Apague la cortadora
siguiendo los procedimientos específicos del manual
del operador del fabricante. Estos procedimientos
normalmente incluirán:
— Reduzca la velocidad del motor.
— Desenganche el embrague de la TDF y la transmisión.
— Haga funcionar el motor en ralentí para que se enfríe
gradualmente.
— Coloque todos los controles en la posición de
estacionamiento.
— Aplique el freno de estacionamiento.
— Descienda la cortadora de césped hasta el suelo.
— Descienda los laterales de las cortadoras con laterales
hasta el suelo.
— Apague el motor, trabe la ignición y retire la llave de la
máquina; llévela con usted.
— Espere hasta que todas las piezas móviles se hayan
detenido antes de descender.
— Libere la presión hidráulica moviendo los controles
hidráulicos varias veces en todas las direcciones.
— Trabe las cubiertas y los cerramientos antivandalismo, si
están instalados, cuando los equipos están sin vigilancia.
— Descienda con cuidado manteniendo contacto de tres
puntos.
18
Desenganche la TDF,
aplique el freno
STOP
P
Descienda los
equipos elevados
hasta el suelo
Espere hasta que las
piezas giratorias se
detengan
Retire la llave, trabe
la ignición, llévese
la llave
Apagado con seguridad
Descenso correcto
— Nunca descienda de equipos en movimiento.
— Nunca baje de una máquina saltando.
— Descienda con cuidado.
— Verifique que no haya peldaños resbaladizos.
— Mantenga los pies y las manos lejos de los controles.
— Use los asideros y los peldaños durante el descenso.
— Enfrente la máquina y use contacto de tres puntos (2
manos y 1 pie o 2 pies y 1 mano).
Espere hasta que las
piezas móviles se
detengan
Use contacto de tres
puntos; enfrente a
la máquina
Realización de mantenimiento con seguridad
Mantenimiento de los equipos
Realice el
mantenimiento de
los equipos
Asegúrese de mantener los equipos de acuerdo con las
instrucciones del fabricante. Verifique con regularidad el
funcionamiento de los dispositivos de protección y de
seguridad.
No realice ningún trabajo en un tractor o en una cortadora
de césped si no está autorizado y cualificado para
hacerlo.
Si ha sido autorizado para realizar mantenimiento, lea
los manuales del operador y de servicios. Estudie las
instrucciones; verifique las tablas de lubricación; examine
todos los mensajes de instrucciones que haya sobre la
máquina. El mantenimiento puede ser peligroso si no se
realiza correctamente. Asegúrese de tener las habilidades
necesarias, la información y las herramientas y equipos
correctos para realizar el trabajo.
¡ADVERTENCIA! No modifique equipos ni agregue
componentes no aprobados por el fabricante. Use
piezas, lubricantes y técnicas de servicio recomendadas
por el fabricante.
Piezas de la cortadora de césped y seguridad
personal
Los fabricantes de cortadoras de césped usan
sujetadores y específicos y piezas especialmente
diseñadas para cumplir con los requisitos de las
operaciones de las cortadoras. Las piezas críticas (pernos
autobloqueantes de las hojas, hojas, pasadores, escudos
y otros componentes especiales) tienen requisitos
específicos de resistencia, diseño y ajuste para la marca y
el modelo de cortadora que usted está usando.
Evite posibles lesiones graves o la muerte por el uso de
piezas o modificaciones no aprobadas:
— No sustituya con tornillería común los pernos de las
hojas u otros componentes de piezas especiales
originales del fabricante.
— No sustituya hojas, pasadores, escudos u otras piezas
críticas.
— No use pernos de mayor resistencia para reemplazar
los pernos de seguridad originales del fabricante.
19
Realización de mantenimiento con seguridad
Preparación personal
Use la ropa de protección personal y los equipos de
protección personal (PPE) que se le proporcionen o que
requieran las condiciones del trabajo. SIEMPRE debe
usar gafas de seguridad con escudos laterales.
Puede necesitar también:
— Casco
— Calzado de seguridad
— Anteojos de seguridad, antiparras o protección facial
— Delantal y guantes
— Protección para oídos
— Casco o antiparras para soldar
— Respirador o máscara con filtro
Use la ropa necesaria; no corra ningún riesgo.
Mantenga las manos (y la ropa)alejadas de todas las
piezas móviles. No use cordones sueltos, mangas flojas,
anillos, relojes o cabello largo.
¡ADVERTENCIA! Evite lesiones graves o muerte por
enredos. No use ropa floja ni accesorios. Manténgase
alejado de todos los componentes giratorios cuando
el motor está en funcionamiento. El contacto, el
enrollado o el enredo con piezas giratorias o móviles
podrían resultar en lesiones graves o la muerte.
Evite las piezas
giratorias
Evite puntos donde
pueda quedar
atrapado
Realización de mantenimiento con seguridad
Use un delantal de caucho y guantes de caucho cuando
trabaja con sustancias corrosivas. Use guantes y calzado
de seguridad cuando manipula bloques de madera o
metales con bordes agudos.
Use siempre anteojos de seguridad, antiparras o
protección facial. Proporcionan protección ocular para
fluidos bajo presión, mientras se esmerila y se realizan
servicios a las baterías. También es necesaria protección
contra residuos, líquidos y material suelto producido por
el equipo, las herramientas y el aire/agua presurizada.
Use protección facial y siga las instrucciones del
fabricante cuando desarma componentes cargados a
resorte o cuando trabaja con ácidos de batería. Use un
casco o antiparras para soldar con filtro esfumado cuando
suelda o corta con soplete.
No arene, esmerile, corte con soplete o suelde sin
un respirador aprobado por NIOSH o una ventilación
adecuada. Si se requiere soldar en esta máquina, consulte
los manuales del operador o de servicios del fabricante o
consulte al concesionario de los equipos para obtener los
procedimientos correctos.
Mantenga los bolsillos sin objetos que podrían salirse y
caer dentro de la maquinaria.
20
Limpie las
superficies
resbaladizas
Ventile la zona
de trabajo
Maneje las herramientas y las piezas pesadas con
sensatez con respecto a usted mismo y a otras personas.
Deposite los elementos, no los deje caer.
Preparación de la zona de trabajo
— Ubique la cortadora de césped en una zona nivelada
fuera del paso de otros equipos en funcionamiento.
— Asegúrese de que haya luz, ventilación y espacio libre
adecuados.
— Quite el aceite, la grasa o el agua para eliminar toda
superficie resbaladiza.
— Limpie alrededor de la zona donde se realizarán
servicios para minimizar la contaminación.
Realización de mantenimiento con seguridad
Preparación de la máquina
Deben controlarse o reducirse las fuentes de energía
almacenada (eléctricas, mecánicas, hidráulicas,
neumáticas, químicas, térmicas, etc.) al mínimo
practicable antes de realizar cualquier procedimiento de
mantenimiento, reparación o servicio.
Prácticas de seguridad para prevenir posibles lesiones
por fuentes que liberan energía:
— Desenganche la TDF antes de apagar el motor.
— Coloque los controles en la posición de estacionamiento
o punto muerto antes de apagar el motor.
— Aplique el freno de estacionamiento o bloquee las
ruedas.
— Espere hasta que todas las piezas móviles se
detengan.
— Descienda la cortadora de césped hasta el suelo.
— Descienda los laterales de las cortadoras con laterales
hasta el suelo.
— Apague el motor del tractor.
— Libere la presión del sistema hidráulico moviendo los
controles varias veces en todas las direcciones.
— Trabe la ignición, retire la llave y llévesela.
Prepare los
sistemas de la
máquina para
realizarles servicios
— Escuche y observe en busca de evidencias que
indiquen piezas en movimiento antes de descender.
— Apoye o bloquee con seguridad la cortadora de
césped antes de trabajar debajo de ella o de otros
componentes elevados.
— Apoye, bloquee o trabe con seguridad los laterales de la
cortadora con dispositivos de traba aprobados antes de
trabajar cerca o debajo de una cortadora con laterales.
— Alivie la presión antes de desconectar o desarmar un
sistema presurizado.
— Bloquee o alivie la presión de los resortes antes de
desarmar un mecanismo cargado a resorte.
— Apoye o bloquee con seguridad cualquier componente
elevado de la máquina antes de trabajar en él.
— Evite las llamas, las chispas y no fume cerca de
combustibles, fluido hidráulico u otro material
inflamable como los residuos de los cortes.
Realización de mantenimiento con seguridad
Fije una etiqueta con la advertencia “NO PONER EN
FUNCIONAMIENTO” en todas las palancas de control y
retire la llave de contacto si la cortadora de césped no
debe ser utilizada. Llévese la llave.
Use una “etiqueta que
indique No poner en
funcionamiento”
Instale dispositivos de apoyo aprobados cuando trabaja
debajo o cerca de equipos elevados.
¡ADVERTENCIA! Las cortadoras de césped u otros
equipos elevados no apoyados pueden caerse de manera
imprevista. Nunca se introduzca debajo de equipos
elevados si no están apoyados en dispositivos de
apoyo aprobados. La caída de equipos podría resultar en
una lesión grave o la muerte por aplastamiento.
Retire sólo las guardas o cubiertas que permiten acceder
a la zona donde se realizarán servicios. Vuelva a colocar
todas las guardas y cubiertas cuando el trabajo esté
terminado.
Utilice
dispositivos de apoyo
aprobados
Vuelva a colocar
todas las guardas
21
Realización de mantenimiento con seguridad
Use ventilación adecuada
Si es necesario hacer funcionar un motor en una zona
cerrada, elimine del área las emanaciones de escape
con una extensión del caño de escape. Si no tiene esa
extensión, asegúrese de abrir las puertas y dejar entrar
aire del exterior.
¡ADVERTENCIA! Evite posibles lesiones. Nunca trabaje
en la maquinaria con el motor en funcionamiento salvo
que así lo indiquen los manuales del fabricante para
un servicio en particular.
Retire la llave y
lea el manual de
mantenimiento
Ventile la zona
de trabajo
¡ADVERTENCIA! Nunca haga funcionar ningún tipo de
motor sin la ventilación adecuada: LAS EMANACIONES
DEL ESCAPE PUEDEN SER MORTALES.
Use gatos y malacates con cuidado
Los soportes o bloques de seguridad deben ubicarse
en una parte rígida de la cortadora. No ubique soportes
debajo de ejes o apoyos de ruedas que puedan girar.
Si debe trabajar debajo de equipos elevados, siempre
use bloques de madera (no de concreto), soportes de
gato u otros soportes rígidos y estables. Cuando use
gatos o malacates, siempre asegúrese de que están
correctamente apoyados.
¡ADVERTENCIA! Evite posibles lesiones por
aplastamiento. Nunca use bloques de concreto para
apoyo. Pueden colapsar bajo cargas incluso livianas.
Use un apoyo
adecuado para los
equipos elevados
Asegúrese de que los malacates o gatos que usa estén en
buenas condiciones. Nunca use gatos con piezas rajadas,
dobladas o retorcidas. Nunca use cables pelados,
retorcidos o pellizcados. Nunca use ganchos doblados o
deformados.
Realización de mantenimiento con seguridad
Prácticas de seguridad para tareas de
mantenimiento comunes
Riesgos del combustible
¡ADVERTENCIA! Siempre use recipientes y/o equipos
de distribución de combustible aprobados.
Los combustibles son inflamables; por eso, debe cumplir
estas prácticas con el fin de reducir la posibilidad de un
accidente grave.
— Apague el motor y la ignición mientras carga combustible.
— Siempre conecte a tierra la boquilla de combustible
contra el cuello de llenado del depósito para evitar
chispas.
— Mantenga las chispas y llamas abiertas alejadas del
combustible.
— No fume mientras carga combustible o manipula
recipientes con combustible.
— No corte ni suelde en líneas, tanques o recipientes de
combustible ni cerca de ellos.
— No llene el depósito en exceso o derrame combustible.
Limpie el combustible derramado de inmediato.
22
Riesgos del refrigerante de motor
Los sistemas de refrigeración con líquidos acumulan
presión a medida que el motor se calienta; tenga suma
precaución antes de retirar la tapa del radiador.
Asegúrese de:
— Detener el motor y esperar que el sistema se enfríe.
— Usar ropa de protección y anteojos de seguridad.
— Girar la tapa del radiador lentamente hasta el primer
tope para permitir que la presión escape antes de
retirar la tapa por completo.
No fumar;
evitar las llamas
abiertas
Retire la tapa
del radiador
lentamente
Realización de mantenimiento con seguridad
Riesgos del sistema hidráulico
El sistema hidráulico se encuentra bajo presión siempre
que el motor está funcionando; puede conservar presión
incluso después de apagar el motor. Haga funcionar
todos los controles hidráulicos incluyendo el control
hidráulico auxiliar después de que el motor esté apagado.
Alivie la presión atrapada en las líneas después de que los
accesorios están apagados y apoyados en el suelo.
Durante la inspección del sistema hidráulico:
— Espere que el fluido se enfríe antes de desconectar
las líneas. El fluido hidráulico caliente puede causar
QUEMADURAS GRAVES.
— No use las manos para verificar la presencia de fugas.
En cambio, use un cartón o papel para buscar fugas.
— Use protección ocular adecuada. El fluido hidráulico
puede causar lesiones oculares permanentes.
¡ADVERTENCIA! El fluido hidráulico bajo presión pueden
penetrar la piel o los ojos y causar lesiones graves,
ceguera o la muerte. Las fugas de fluido bajo presión
pueden no ser visibles. Utilice un cartón o una madera
para buscar fugas, no la mano. Use una protección
facial o antiparras de seguridad para proteger los
ojos. Si el fluido se inyecta en la piel, debe ser extraído
dentro de las próximas pocas horas por personal médico
familiarizado con este tipo de lesión.
Cuando ventila o llena el sistema hidráulico, afloje la tapa
de llenado con lentitud y retírela gradualmente.
Nunca restablezca una válvula de alivio del sistema
hidráulico a una presión mayor que la recomendada por el
fabricante.
Use protección
ocular
El fluido a
alta presión puede
inyectarse en el
cuerpo
Realización de mantenimiento con seguridad
Riesgos del sistema eléctrico
Antes de trabajar en el sistema eléctrico, desconecte los
cables de la batería.
— Retire primero los cables negativos (-) de la batería.
— Al reconectar la batería, conecte los cables negativos
(-) de la batería al final.
El líquido del interior de las baterías contiene ácido,
que es un VENENO y puede causar QUEMADURAS
QUÍMICAS GRAVES.
Evite lesiones
— Use una protección facial para evitar el contacto con
los ojos.
— Use guantes y ropa resistentes a los productos
químicos para mantener al electrolito alejado de la piel
y la ropa común.
Use guantes de caucho y ropa de protección para
mantener el electrolito lejos de la piel. Si el electrolito
entra en contacto con la piel o la ropa, lave de inmediato
con agua limpia.
Si se ingiere, busque atención médica de inmediato.
NUNCA proporcione líquidos que induzcan el vómito.
Use protección
facial
Use indumentaria
de protección
¡ADVERTENCIA! El contacto con el electrolito daña
los ojos y la piel. Siempre use una protección facial
para evitar que el electrolito penetre en los ojos. Si el
electrolito entra en contacto con los ojos, enjuague de
inmediato con agua limpia y busque atención médica.
23
Realización de mantenimiento con seguridad
Evite explosiones
¡ADVERTENCIA! Evite posibles lesiones graves por
explosiones. Las baterías de plomo-ácido producen
gases sumamente explosivos, especialmente durante la
carga. Mantenga alejados los arcos, las chispas, las
llamas y el tabaco encendido.
— No fume cerca de las baterías.
— Mantenga los arcos, las chispas y llamas abiertas
alejadas de las baterías.
— Proporcione ventilación adecuada.
Nunca revise la batería colocando un objeto metálico
entre los bornes: la chispa resultante podría causar una
explosión.
¡ADVERTENCIA! Evite posibles lesiones graves por
explosiones de baterías. No cargue baterías ni arranque
con refuerzo el motor si la batería está congelada.
Caliente a 60 °F (15,5 °C) o la batería puede explotar y
causar lesiones graves.
Reglas de seguridad durante el arranque con refuerzo de
batería:
— Siga las instrucciones para el “arranque con refuerzo
de batería” correcto como se especifica en el manual
del fabricante.
— Asegúrese de que las máquinas no se estén tocando.
— Observe la polaridad de las baterías y conexiones.
— Realice la conexión final de cable al motor o al punto
de tierra más alejado de la batería. Nunca realice la
conexión final en el arrancador o la batería muerta: las
chispas pueden encender gases explosivos presentes
en la batería.
— Cuando desconecta cables después de un arranque
con puente, retire los cables en el orden inverso al de la
conexión (es decir, la conexión final primero).
Evite las chispas
y las llamas abiertas
cerca de las
baterías
Para el arranque
con refuerzo, observe
la polaridad y realice
la conexión final en
el punto de descarga
a tierra
Realización de mantenimiento con seguridad
Mantenimiento de neumáticos y ruedas
Revise los neumáticos y las ruedas a diario porque la
estabilidad del tractor y la cortadora de césped puede
verse significativamente afectada por la presión de los
neumáticos o daños en los neumáticos o en las ruedas.
Revise los neumáticos para verificar:
— La presión correcta.
— Cortes y protuberancias.
— Clavos u otras pinchaduras.
— Desgaste desparejo o excesivo.
— Estado de los vástagos y tapas de las válvulas.
Revise las ruedas para verificar:
— Daños en las llantas.
— Tuercas o pernos faltantes o flojos.
— Desalineación.
Todos los servicios de neumáticos deben ser realizados
por un centro de servicios para neumáticos cualificado
o por una persona de servicio autorizada debidamente
capacitada en los procedimientos y el uso del equipo de
seguridad destinado a los servicios de neumáticos.
24
Revise los
neumáticos y las
ruedas en busca
de daños
Mantenga la
presión correcta en
los neumáticos
Realización de mantenimiento con seguridad
Mantenimiento de neumáticos y ruedas
(continuación)
¡ADVERTENCIA! Los tipos de ruedas y neumáticos
que generalmente se encuentran en estos equipos
requieren cuidados especiales al realizar servicios
para evitar lesiones graves o la muerte.
No infle los neumáticos por encima de la presión
recomendada. Asegúrese de volver a colocar el lastre
de los neumáticos si está instalado. Consulte las
especificaciones del fabricante para ver los requisitos
de lastre.
Mantenga las tuercas de las ruedas apretadas según las
recomendaciones del fabricante.
Es normal que la presión de los neumáticos aumente
durante el funcionamiento; NO se debe reducir.
Nunca vuelva a inflar un neumático que se ha desinflado
mucho o por completo sin retirar el neumático de la
rueda. Haga inspeccionar atentamente el neumático y la
rueda para detectar daños antes de volverlos a armar.
Al agregar aire a un neumático, hágalo desde cierta
distancia. Use una manguera larga con mandril de
autofijación. Siempre párese detrás de la trocha cuando
ajusta la presión de un neumático.
Evite la explosión
de los neumáticos
No infle neumáticos con gases inflamables o con sistemas
que usan un inyector de alcohol.
Nunca corte o suelde una rueda con un neumático inflado
instalado en ella. Esto podría causar descompresión
explosiva.
Verifique que el tamaño del neumático y la rueda
coincidan correctamente.
Cuando reemplaza neumáticos, asegúrese de que sean de
la clasificación adecuada especificada por el fabricante.
Los neumáticos no deben funcionar a velocidades más
altas que las nominales. La mayoría de los neumáticos
para agricultura están clasificados para una velocidad
máxima de 20 mph (32 km/h).
Realización de mantenimiento con seguridad
Servicio y reparaciones completas antes de
liberar la máquina
Apriete todos los pernos, accesorios y conexiones con las
torsiones especificadas por el fabricante.
Verifique el trabajo
de servicio cuando
está completo
Instale todas las guardas, cubiertas y escudos después
de realizar los servicios. Reemplace o repare los que
estén dañados. Llene y recargue los sistemas a presión
sólo con los fluidos aprobados o recomendados por el
fabricante.
Arranque el motor y revise para detectar fugas. (Consulte
la página 23, Riesgos del sistema hidráulico.) Haga
funcionar todos los controles para asegurarse de que el
tractor y la cortadora de césped funcionan correctamente.
Pruebe la máquina si es necesario. Después de las
pruebas, apague y verifique el trabajo realizado. ¿Falta
algún pasador, arandela, tuerca de seguridad, etc.?
Vuelva a revisar todos los niveles de fluidos antes de
liberar la máquina para el funcionamiento.
Todas las piezas deben ser inspeccionadas durante la
reparación y deben reemplazarse si están gastadas,
rajadas o dañadas. Las piezas excesivamente gastadas o
dañadas pueden fallar y causar lesiones o la muerte.
Mantenimiento de las hojas de la cortadora
No corra riesgos usando hojas dañadas o dobladas. Los
fabricantes de cortadoras de césped de la Asociación
de Fabricantes de Equipos (Association of Equipment
Manufacturers, AEM) y la Asociación de Fabricantes de
Equipos para Agricultura (Farm Equipment Manufacturers
Association, FEMA) piden que las hojas de cortadoras
NO se reutilicen, enderecen, refuercen en su superficie o
suelden. Si una hoja rota es arrojada por una cortadora,
podrían producirse lesiones graves o la muerte.
Reemplace cualquier letrero dañado o ilegible.
25
Realización de mantenimiento con seguridad
Mantenimiento de las hojas de la cortadora
(continuación)
— ¿Cómo están hechas las hojas de la cortadora
de césped? Están hechas acero para resortes de
aleación de alta resistencia. Se forjan en caliente y se
les da forma para cumplir con las especificaciones
individuales del fabricante; luego, se tratan y templan
a un estado dúctil, de alta resistencia para reducir la
posibilidad de rupturas durante el corte. Las hojas se
prueban para garantizar que cumplan con las normas
de resistencia, dureza y ductilidad. Si una hoja no
cumple con alguna de estas especificaciones, no se
utilizará en la cortadora de césped.
— ¿Qué sucede cuando se dobla una hoja de la
cortadora? Se necesita una gran fuerza de impacto
para doblar la hoja. Esta fuerza de impacto a menudo
resulta en que las hojas se agujerean o marcan. Una
vez que una hoja está dañada por un agujero o una
marca, es mucho más probable que ocurra una falla
de la hoja. Cuando una hoja está gravemente doblada,
puede crearse una rajadura microscópica en ella.
Enderezar la hoja no quita o repara esta rajadura, sino
que puede causar rajaduras adicionales.Tensiones
adicionales durante los trabajos de corte pueden
resultar en una falla imprevista de la hoja.
— Evite doblar las hojas. Contribuya a prevenir que las
hojas de la cortadora se doblen o rajen evitando el
contacto con objetos sólidos. Las hojas de la cortadora
de césped están destinadas a cortar hierba, arbustos,
vegetación leñosa y árboles y ramas pequeños. No
están diseñadas para entrar en contacto con objetos
sólidos como roca, cemento o postes de acero.
Inspeccione la zona antes de usar la cortadora. Retire
o marque claramente los objetos sólidos y corte
alrededor de ellos.
— Sustituya las hojas dañadas! Inspeccione las hojas
de la cortadora diariamente o después de golpear
algún objeto sólido. Si una hoja de la cortadora de
césped se daña (está doblada, agujereada, rajada) o
desgasta más del 25 por ciento del tamaño original,
debe retirarse y sustituirse con una nueva. Siempre use
las hojas originales del fabricante. Las hojas de marcas
no originales pueden no cumplir con los requisitos de
resistencia, dureza y ductilidad del fabricante de la
cortadora.
— No corra riesgos usando hojas dañadas o dobladas.
El uso de una hoja de cortadora dañada o enderezada
puede resultar en la ruptura de la hoja y que la hoja
sea arrojada hacia el operador o una persona ajena
causando una lesión grave o la muerte. El precio
de una nueva hoja es bajo en comparación con la
posibilidad de una lesión grave que podría resultar de
una hoja doblada o rota arrojada por la cortadora
Palabras finales para el usuario
Acaba de terminar de leer el Manual de la cortadora de
césped industrial y para agricultura AEM. Es imposible
que este manual abarque todas las situaciones
de seguridad que se podría encontrar a diario. Su
conocimiento de estas precauciones de seguridad y
de su cumplimiento de las reglas básicas de seguridad
contribuirán a formar un buen juicio en todas las
situaciones. Nuestro objetivo es ayudarlo a desarrollar,
establecer y mantener buenos hábitos de seguridad para
que la operación de una cortadora de césped industrial y
para agricultura le resulte más fácil y más segura.
Éste es otro manual de una serie publicada por AEM sobre la operación de maquinaria en condiciones de seguridad.
Muchas de las ilustraciones de este manual de seguridad se pueden encontrar y descargar en http://pictorials.aem.org.
Para obtener publicaciones adicionales, visite nuestro sitio web en www.safetymaterials.org.
ASOCIACIÓN DE FABRICANTES
DE EQUIPOS
Correo electrónico: safetymaterials@aem.org
www.aem.org
26
INTRODUCTION SECTION
Introduction Section 2-1
© 2019 Alamo Group Inc.
INTRODUCTION
INTRODUCTION
This Boom Mower is designed with care and built with quality materials by skilled workers. Proper assembly,
maintenance, and operating practices, as described in this manual, will help the owner/operator get years of
satisfactory service from the machine.
The purpose of this manual is to familiarize and instruct. The Assembly Section instructs the owner/operator in
the correct assembly of the Mower using standard and optional equipment. The Parts Listing section is
designed to familiarize the owner/operator with replaceable parts on the Mower. This section provides
exploded assembly drawings of each mower component illustrating each piece and the corresponding part
number.
Careful use and timely service saves extensive repairs and costly downtime losses. The Operation and
Maintenance Sections of the manual train the owner/operator how to work the Mower correctly and attend to
appropriate maintenance. The Trouble Shooting Guide helps diagnose difficulties with mower and offers
solution to the problems.
Safety is of primary importance to the owner/operator and to the manufacturer. The first section of this manual
includes a list of Safety Messages, that, if followed, will help protect the operator and bystanders from injury or
death. Many of the Safety Messages will be repeated throughout the manual. The owner/operator/dealer
should know these Safety Messages before assembly and be aware of the hazards of operating this mower
during assembly, use, and maintenance. The Safety Alert Symbol combined with a Signal Word, as seen
below, is intended to warn the owner/operator of impending hazards and the degree of possible injury faced
when operating this machine.
Indicates an imminently hazardous situation that, if not avoided, WILL result in DEATH OR
VERY SERIOUS INJURY.
Indicates an imminently hazardous situation that, if not avoided, COULD result in DEATH
OR SERIOUS INJURY.
Indicates an imminently hazardous situation that, if not avoided, MAY result in MINOR
INJURY.
Identifies special instructions or procedures that, if not strictly observed, could result in
damage to, or destruction of the machine, attachments or the environment.
NOTE: Identifies points of particular interest for more efficient and convenient operation or repair.
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© 2019 Alamo Group Inc.
Introduction Section 2-2
INTRODUCTION
Features
Boom Reach (with flail) 14’-1”.
Fits tractors as small as 45 PTO HP
Parallel arm geometry allows reach adjustment without requiring constant height adjustment.
Totally independent hydraulics with dual rotor rotation for upward or downward cutting.
Hydraulic break-away safety mechanism
Simple cable controlled in-cab controls.
“Wire Trap” system is included on each flail head to keep loose wires from rotor entanglement.
Flail head includes adjustable front guard for protection from thrown objects.
POWER ARM ATTACHMENTS
Flail Mower
Sickle Bar Mower
DIRECTION
Throughout this Manual front and rear, left and right are determined by the normal direction of travel, the same
as driving an automobile.
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© 2019 Alamo Group Inc.
Introduction Section 2-3
INTRODUCTION
These hydraulically driven hedgecutters are designed for light-duty work. They can
control grass and weeds on highways or industrial sites.
INTRODUCTION
ATTENTION OWNER/OPERATOR
BEFORE OPERATING THIS MACHINE:
INTRODUCTION
1. Carefully read the Operator’s Manual, completely understand the Safety Messages and instructions, and
know how to operate correctly both the tractor and Mower.
2. Fill out the Warranty Card in full. Be sure to answer all questions, including the Serial Number of the Mower.
Mail within 30 days of delivery date of this implement.
NOTE: Warranties are honored only if completed “Owner Registration and Warranty” forms are received by
Alamo Group within thirty days of delivery of the mower.
3. Record the Mower Model and Serial Numbers on the Warranty page at the front of the Operator’s Manual.
Keep this as part of the permanent maintenance file for the Mower.
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© 2019 Alamo Group Inc.
Introduction Section 2-4
INTRODUCTION
LIMITED WARRANTY

Bush Hog warrants to the original purchaser of any new Bush Hog equipment, purchased from an authorized
Bush Hog dealer, that the equipment be free from defects in material and workmanship for a period of one (1)
year for non-commercial, state and municipalities’ use and ninety (90) days for commercial use from date of
retail sale. The obligation of Bush Hog to the purchaser under this warranty is limited to the repair or
replacement of defective parts.
DISCLAIMER OF IMPLIED WARRANTIES & CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES
Bush Hog’s obligation under this limited warranty, to the extent allowed by law, is in lieu of all warranties,
implied or expressed, INCLUDING IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A
PARTICULAR PURPOSE and any liability for incidental and consequential damages with respect to the sale
or use of the items warranted. Such incidental and consequential damages shall include but not be limited to:
transportation charges other than normal freight charges; cost of installation other than cost approved by Bush
Hog; duty; taxes; charges for normal service or adjustment; loss of crops or any other loss of income; rental of
substitute equipment, expenses due to loss, damage, detention or delay in the delivery of equipment or parts
resulting from acts beyond the control of Bush Hog.
THIS LIMITED WARRANTY SHALL NOT APPLY:
1. To vendor items which carry their own warranties, such as engines, tires, and tubes.
2. If the unit has been subjected to misapplication, abuse, misuse, negligence, fire or other accident.
3. If parts not made or supplied by Bush Hog have been used in connection with the unit, if, in the sole
judgement of Bush Hog such use affects its performance, stability or reliability.
4. If the unit has been altered or repaired outside of an authorized Bush Hog dealership in a manner which, in
the sole judgement of Bush Hog, affects its performance, stability or reliability.
5. To normal maintenance service and normal replacement items such as gearbox lubricant, hydraulic fluid,
worn blades, or to normal deterioration of such things as belts and exterior finish due to use or exposure.
6. To expendable or wear items such as teeth, chains, sprockets, belts, springs and any other items that in
the company’s sole judgement is a wear item.
NO EMPLOYEE OR REPRESENTATIVE OF BUSH HOG IS AUTHORIZED TO CHANGE THIS LIMITED
WARRANTY IN ANY WAY OR GRANT ANY OTHER WARRANTY UNLESS SUCH CHANGE IS MADE IN
WRITING AND SIGNED BY BUSH HOG’S SERVICE MANAGER, 2501 GRIFFIN AVE., SELMA, ALABAMA
36703.

Record the model number, serial number and date
purchased. This information will be helpful to your
dealer if parts or service are required.
MAKE CERTAIN THE WARRANTY
HAS BEEN FILED WITH BUSH HOG
SELMA, ALABAMA
RMB 1445 06/19
© 2019 Alamo Group Inc.
MODEL NUMBER _________________________
SERIAL NUMBER _________________________
DATE OF RETAIL SALE ____________________
Introduction Section 2-5
INTRODUCTION
Replacement or repair parts installed in the equipment covered by this limited warranty are warranted for
ninety (90) days from the date of purchase of such part or to the expiration of the applicable new equipment
warranty period, whichever occurs later. Warranted parts shall be provided at no cost to the user at an
authorized Bush Hog dealer during regular working hours. Bush Hog reserves the right to inspect any
equipment or parts which are claimed to have been defective in material or workmanship.
ASSEMBLY SECTION
Assembly Section 3-1
ASSEMBLY
TRACTOR SELECTION
Hitch Requirement
3-Point Hitch ASABE Category I
PTO Type
ASSEMBLY
540 RPM
PTO Shaft
Tractor must be equipped with live drive independent PTO shaft to enable forward movement to be halted
while the flail head continues to operate.
Horsepower Requirement
45 PTO HP Minimum
Tractor Weight
4,410 lbs. Minimum (2,000 kg)
Check Chains/Stabilizers
Check Chains or stabilizer bars must be fitted and tightened.
Stability Requirements
20% of Total Unit Weight* to be on Front Axle
20% of Rear Axle Weight to be on LH Rear Wheel with boom and cutting head in off ground operating position.
Recommended Minimum Outside Tire Width of 55” (1.4m)
* Total Unit Weight is the sum of the tractor weight and the mower weight.
Tractor Operator Station
Bush Hog recommends installing the RMB 1445 Boom Mower on cab tractors equipped with impact resistant
glass windows. Do not operate if tractor cab is damaged.
Ballast
When attaching a boom mower to a tractor, it is extremely important to make the total unit as stable as
possible. Adding Ballast or weights to the tractor may be necessary to achieve the guidelines shown below.
Front Axle: Front tractor weights may be necessary to put 20% of the total unit weight on the front axle. (Total
unit weight is the sum of the tractor weight and the mower weight.) This amount will improve stability when
driving the tractor.
Rear Axle: Wheel weights or liquid ballast should be added to the Left Hand rear tire and wheel so that a
minimum of 1500lbs of the rear axle weight is on the Left Hand side when the mower boom and head are in a
normal “off the ground” operating position. (For Example, the operating position for hedge cutting.)
A wide range of factors can affect the stability of the tractor and boom mower, and all should be considered
before operating the unit.
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© 2019 Alamo Group Inc.
Assembly Section 3-2
ASSEMBLY
Factors that affect stability:
•
•
•
•
•
Center of gravity of the tractor and boom mower combined.
Position of the boom and cutting head.
Weight, wheel width, and wheelbase of the tractor.
Acceleration, braking, turning, and the relative position of the cutting head.
Ground conditions, including slope and softness of the ground.
Suggestions to improve stability:
Increase the wheel width of the rear wheels: a tractor with wider wheels is more stable.
Ballast the Left Hand rear wheel. Liquid can be added to about 75% of the tire volume. See your tractor
dealer or tire supplier for recommendations on the type of liquid.
• Addition of wheel weight to the Left Hand rear wheel.
These factors and suggestions are not all inclusive and should be used as a general guideline for tractor
stability only. For additional information, and for information on your tractor’s strength, see your tractor dealer
or tire supplier.
DEALER SETUP INSTRUCTIONS
1. The machine is delivered in a partially assembled. To make ready for attachment to the tractor it will be
necessary to select a hard level surface
2. Cut the banding straps and remove loose items and the stabilizer. Leave the transport straps on at this
stage.
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© 2019 Alamo Group Inc.
Assembly Section 3-3
ASSEMBLY
•
•
ASSEMBLY
STABILIZER ATTACHMENT
ASSEMBLY
Fit the stabilizer nose into the tractors top link
position (A). Use the highest position available,
avoiding any load sensing properties. The bolt on
nose of the stabilizer is reversible to accommodate
a variety of tractor linkage designs.
Stretch out the stabilizer and bolt to the machine
using the holes farthest from the tractor that the
stabilizer will reach (B). Do not fully tighten bolts at
this stage and do not replace the stabilizer nose
quadrant pin. (Figure ASM-B-0085)
TOP LINK ATTACHMENT
1. Fit the machines top link.(Figure Asm-B-0086)
2. Raise machine on tractors linkage until the tractor PTO and the machines gearbox stub shaft are approximately in line. (Figure Asm-B-0087)
NOTE: As lift occurs be aware the machinery may tilt slightly.
The quadrant lever or machine controls must be operated from the tractor seat. During this
operation ensure no one is standing on or between the linkage arm or bars.
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© 2019 Alamo Group Inc.
Assembly Section 3-4
ASSEMBLY
3.
4.
5.
6.
Adjust the top link to bring the machines frame vertical. (Figure Asm-B-0088)
Refit the top link nose quadrant pin, fine adjust position using the tractors draft lift.(A) (Figure Asm-B-0089)
Lower tractor linkage control so that machines weight is taken by the yoke.
Fully tighten the stabilizer lower bolts.(C)
ASSEMBLY
DRIVELINE ATTACHMENT
Before starting assembly, make certain that all paint, dirt, and grease are removed from gearbox shaft. To ease
assembly apply a light coat of grease to splines and assemble. Do not assemble a driveline without a shield.
Entanglement in rotating shafts can kill.
Measure distance shown between the tractor PTO Shaft and mower pump shaft. The driveline must collapse to
3” less than the measured dimension. It may be necessary to shorten the shaft. See Maintenance Section for
procedures.
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© 2019 Alamo Group Inc.
Assembly Section 3-5
ASSEMBLY
NOTE: The dimensions measured may vary on different tractors. If moving the mower to a different tractor,
complete the measurement step again. If it is necessary to shorten the shaft, there must be at least 6” of shaft
overlap in the operating position.
Fit PTO shaft and attach torque chain to prevent the shaft guard from rotating. (Figure Asm-B-0094)
ASSEMBLY
Raise the stand legs into the work position and secure. (Figure Asm-B-0095)
REMOVE TRANSPORT STRAP
With PTO engaged, maneuver the arms into a position that will allow the cutterhead to be fitted. Fit cutterhead
and secure with circlip, washers, and cotter pin.
Cutterbar Only:
Engage the motor splines in the drive tube and bolt in position with connection uppermost.
RMB 1445 06/19
© 2019 Alamo Group Inc.
Assembly Section 3-6
ASSEMBLY
HOSE ROUTING
ASSEMBLY
FINAL ASSEMBLY CHECKS
1. With the arms at half reach and with the flail head clear of the ground carry out final adjustment of the lift
arm levelling box to bring the main frame horizontal.
2. Tighten check chains and/or stabilizer bars.
3. Carefully operate the machine through its full range of movements while checking that hoses are not under
tension, pinched, frayed, or kinked and that all movements are functioning correctly.
4. Fold the machine into the transport position. The machine is now ready to proceed to the work site.
RMB 1445 06/19
© 2019 Alamo Group Inc.
Assembly Section 3-7
ASSEMBLY
OIL REQUIREMENTS
Tank
ASSEMBLY
The machine is delivered from the factory with oil. When changing oil fill the reservoir with a light hydraulic oil
as recommended in the chart until the oil level is approximately 3” below the top of the tank. The total capacity
is approximately 65 liters (17 gallons). Do not overfill. The oil must have anti-frothing characteristics suitable for
use in hydraulic systems.
Supplier
Cold or Temperature Climate
Hot Climate
Castrol
Agricastrol hydraulic oil
Hy-spin AWS46
Hy-spin AWS68
Shell
Tellus 46
Tellus 68
Mobil
D.T.E. 25
D.T.E. 26
Esso
Nuto “H” or “A” 46
Nuto “H” or “A” 68
Texaco
Rando HD 46
Rando HD 68
Gulf
Hydrasil 46
Hydrasil 68
B.P.
Energal HLP 46
Energal HLP 68
Dalton
Silkolene Dove 46 or
Derwnet 46
Silkolene Dove 68
Elf
Hydrelf 46
Hydrelf 68
ISO VG
46
68
SAE
10W
20
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© 2019 Alamo Group Inc.
Assembly Section 3-8
ASSEMBLY
When adding hydraulic oil, use only new oil from a sealed barrel. Used oil or oil from an open barrel may
contain high levels of contamination. Transfer the oil into the hydraulic tank by using a hydraulic filter pump unit
equipped with a properly operating 10 micron filter. This will insure that the oil being added is clean. Do not just
pour the oil directly into the hydraulic tank since most oils (even from a sealed barrel) have contaminants that
should be removed, before operating the hydraulic system.(Asm-B-0010 & Asm-B-0103)
ASSEMBLY
Gearbox
Check the gearbox oil level. On level ground, gearbox should be filled until oil is visibly level with the lip of the
filler plug aperture. Do not attempt to fill by removing the breather as the depth of tapped thread in the casing at
this point is insufficient to allow repeated loosening and tightening of the breather plug.
The gearbox capacity is 1-1/2 pints. Use EP90 gear oil.
FITTING CONTROL UNIT IN CAB
An angled bracket is supplied to provide a mounting location for the control unit.
This bracket may be bolted to the fender or cab cladding in a convenient location ensuring that no structural
member of the cab or roll bar is drilled.
In deciding the final position of the control box remember not to exceed the minimum acceptable bend radius of
8” for the cables.
When the control unit is removed from the cab ensure the rubber edge strip is fitted too the mounting bracket to
cover any possible sharp edges.
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© 2019 Alamo Group Inc.
Assembly Section 3-9
ASSEMBLY
RUNNING UP PROCEDURE
ASSEMBLY
RMB 1445 With Flail Head ONLY
1. Ensure that the rotor control is in “STOP” position, start the tractor, engage PTO and allow the oil to
circulate for about 5 minutes before operating the arms.
2. Operate the armhead levers through their complete range ensuring that all movements are functioning
correctly.
3. Check that the flail nuts and bolts are tight. Place the flail head at a safe position and move the rotor control
to “ON” position. After initial fluctuation due to priming, the rotor should settle to a steady speed. Increase
PTO speed to approximately 360 RPM and run for a further five minutes before engaging and stopping
tractor.
4. Check the hose routing and observe that they are free from any pinching, chafing, straining or kinks.
Recheck the oil level in the tank and top up as necessary.
Do not allow the pump to continue working if the rotor does not turn. Overheating and
serious pump damage to the pump can be caused in a very short time.
5. Replace return filter elements after an initial 12 hours of operation and every 500 hours thereafter.
All models:
Replace return filter elements after an initial 12 hours of operation and every 500 hours thereafter.
REMOVAL FROM TRACTOR
1. Select a firm level site for parking the machine.
2. Lower the stand legs and lock.
3. Raise the machine until the weight is taken off the stabilizer.
4. Remove the stabilizer nose quadrant locking pin.
5. Lower the machine to the ground.
6. Operate machine controls and place the flail head on the ground.
7. Disengage tractor PTO and remove the drive shaft.
8. Disconnect stabilizers bars or loosen check chains as applicable.
9. Unbolt the control unit from the mounting bracket, remove from tractor cab and stow the lever in a suitable
location clear of the ground. For units that have quick attach cables, uncouple the cables and leave the
control unit in the cab of the tractor.
10. Raise the machine on the tractor’s linkage to take the weight off the yoke and remove the lower yoke pins.
11. Lower the tractor draft links and place machine firmly on the ground.
12. Remove draft links and top link from the machine, drive tractor away and remove yoke.
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© 2019 Alamo Group Inc.
Assembly Section 3-10
OPERATION SECTION
Operation Section 4-1
OPERATION
RMB 1445 REAR MOUNT BOOM MOWER
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS
OPERATION
Bush Hog Boom mowers are manufactured with quality material by skilled workers. These mowers are
designed for cutting grass and small weeds. The mower is equipped with protective deflectors to prevent
objects being thrown from the mower by the blades. However, no shielding is 100% effective. All shields,
guards, and deflectors equipped on the mower must be maintained in good operational condition.
It is the operator’s responsibility to be knowledgeable of all potential operating hazards and to take every
reasonable precaution to ensure oneself, others, animals, and property are not injured or damaged by the
mower, tractor, or a thrown object. Do not operate the mower if passersby, pets, livestock, or property are
within 100 yards of the unit.
All THROWN OBJECT SHIELDING including, Front and Rear Deflectors and Skid Shoes are in place and
in good condition when mowing.
• Mower is adjusted to be close and parallel to ground without exposing blades.
• MOWING AREA has been inspected and foreign materials and debris have been removed.
• PASSERSBY are inside enclosed vehicle.
This section of the Operator’s Manual is designed to familiarize, instruct, and educate safe and proper mower
use to the operator. Pictures contained in this section are intended to be used as a visual aid to assist in
explaining the operation of a flail mower and are not specific to any model. Some pictures may show shields
removed for picture clarity. NEVER operate implement without all shields in place and in good operational
condition. The operator must be familiar with the mower and tractor and all associated safety practices before
operating the mower and tractor. Proper operation of the mower, as detailed in this manual, will help ensure
years of safe and satisfactory use of the mower.
•
IMPORTANT: To avoid mower damage, retorque all bolts after the first 10 hours of operation. Refer to the
Torque Chart at the end of the Maintenance Section to ensure bolts are properly tightened.
READ AND UNDERSTAND THE ENTIRE OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS AND SAFETY SECTION OF THIS
MANUAL AND THE TRACTOR MANUAL BEFORE ATTEMPTING TO USE THE TRACTOR AND
IMPLEMENT. If you do not understand any of the instructions, contact your nearest authorized dealer for a
full explanation. Pay close attention to all safety signs and safety messages contained in this manual and
those affixed to the implement and tractor. OPS-U- 0001
READ, UNDERSTAND, and FOLLOW the following Safety Messages. Serious injury or
death may occur unless care is taken to follow the warnings and instructions stated in the
Safety Messages. Always use good common sense to avoid hazards. (SG-2)
Si no lee ingles, pida ayuda a alguien que si lo lea para que le traduzca las
medidas de seguridad. (SG-3)
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Operation Section 4-2
OPERATION
1. Standard Equipment and Specifications
Standard Specifications
3-Point CAT I
45 HP
4410 lbs.
14’3”
1”
1-1/4”
39”
59”
Semi-Independent
1,219 lbs
17.4 Gallons
Model F39 Flail
Model S58 Cutterbar
A. Maximum Reach - Head Horizontal ........................ 14’1”
B. Maximum Reach - Head Vertical ................................13’
C. Maximum Height - Head Horizontal........................ 13’5”
D. Maximum Height - Head Vertical ............................ 13’8”
E. Maximum Depth - Head at 45º.................................. 7’3”
F. Sliding Width - Head Vertical ..................................... 5’6”
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Operation Section 4-3
OPERATION
Hitch
Tractor PTO Horsepower (Minimum)
Tractor Weight (Minimum)
Boom Reach
Cutting Capacity: Flail Head
Sickle Bar
Cutting Width:
Flail Head
Sickle Bar
Hydraulics
Approximate Weight with Flailhead
Oil Tank Capacity
Parallel Arm Geometry
Safety Breakaway - Hydraulic
Heavy Duty Rear Roller
Front Flap Kit
Cable Rotor Control - Dual Rotation
Window Guards
Attachments
OPERATION
2. OPERATOR REQUIREMENTS
OPERATION
Safe operation of the unit is the responsibility of a qualified operator. A qualified operator has read and
understands the implement and tractor Operator’s Manuals and is experienced in implement and tractor
operation and all associated safety practices. In addition to the safety messages contained in this manual,
safety signs are affixed to the implement and tractor. If any part of the operation and safe use of this equipment
is not completely understood, consult an authorized dealer for a complete explanation.
If the operator cannot read the manuals for themselves or does not completely understand the operation of the
equipment, it is the responsibility of the supervisor to read and explain the manuals, safety practices, and
operating instructions to the operator.
Safe operation of equipment requires that the operator wear approved Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
for the job conditions when attaching, operating, servicing, and repairing the equipment. PPE is designed to
provide operator protection and includes the following safety wear:
PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT (PPE)
•
Always Wear Safety Glasses with Side Shields
(marked with ANSI Z87)
•
Hard Hat
•
•
•
•
•
Steel Toe Safety Footwear
Gloves
Hearing Protection
Close Fitting Clothing
Respirator or Filter Mask (depends
operating conditions) OPS-U- 0002
on
DO NOT use drugs or alcohol immediately before or while operating the
Tractor and Implement. Drugs and alcohol will affect an operator’s
alertness and coordination and therefore affect the operator’s ability to
operate the equipment safely. Before operating the Tractor or Implement,
an operator on prescription or over-the-counter medication must consult
a medical professional regarding any side effects of the medication that
would hinder their ability to operate the Equipment safely. NEVER
knowingly allow anyone to operate this equipment when their alertness or
coordination is impaired. Serious injury or death to the operator or others
could result if the operator is under the influence of drugs or alcohol. (SG-27)
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© 2019 Alamo Group Inc.
Operation Section 4-4
OPERATION
3. TRACTOR REQUIREMENTS
In addition to tractor horsepower and size required to operate the mower unit, the tractor must also be properly
equipped to provide operator protection, to alert approaching vehicle drivers of the tractor’s presence, and to
ensure tractor stability when mowing with the boom fully extended.
Tractor Requirements and Capabilities
•
•
3.1 ROPS and Seat Belt
The tractor must be equipped with a Roll-Over-Protective-Structure (ROPS) (tractor cab or roll-bar) and seat
belt to protect the operator from falling off the tractor, especially during a roll over where the driver could be
crushed and killed. Only operate the tractor with the ROPS in the raised position and seat belt fastened.
Tractor models not equipped with a ROPS and seat belt should have these life saving features installed by an
authorized dealer. OPS-U- 0003
Operate this Equipment only with a Cab Tractor. Always wear seat belts.
3.2 Operator Thrown Object Protection
The tractor must be equipped with protective
equipment to shield the operator from falling and
thrown objects. For cab tractors, the tractor must
be equipped with an operator safety screen on its
right side or the right side windows must be fitted
with a shatter proof safety window.
OPS-B- 0001_B
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Operation Section 4-5
(SG-45)
OPERATION
•
•
Certified approved Roll-Over Protective Structure (ROPS) or ROPS cab and seat belt.
Operator Protection .......................... Tractor must be equipped with protective structure such as operator
cage or lexan window to protect operator from thrown object and
falling objects
Tractor Safety Devices .................... Slow Moving Vehicle (SMV) emblem, lighting
Tractor Ballast ................................. As required to maintain at least 1500 lbs. on left rear tire
OPERATION
Never operate the Tractor and Mower Unit without an OPS (Operators
Protective Structure) or Cab to prevent injury from objects thrown from
ground or from overhead trimming. Stop mowing if workers or passersby
are within 300 feet. (SBM-9)
OPERATION
3.3 Tractor Lighting and SMV Emblem
If the tractor will be operated near or traveled on a
public roadway it must be equipped with proper
warning lighting and a Slow Moving Vehicle (SMV)
emblem which are clearly visible from the rear of
the unit. Most tractor’s have different settings for
operating and transporting lighting. Refer to the
tractor operator’s manual for using the tractor’s
light switch and operating the turn signals.
OPS-B- 0017
3.4 Tractor Ballast
To ensure tractor stability when operating on flat surfaces the left rear tractor tire MUST exert a minimum
down force (weight) of 1500 lbs. on the ground when the tractor is on level ground, its boom is fully extended
and the mower head is horizontal and two feet above the ground. A tractor that does not meet this criteria is
DANGEROUS and should not be operated as upset of the unit can occur resulting in possible serious injury
and property damage.
If the unit is operated on slopes greater than 5,
additional counterweight will be required.
Operation of the unit on slopes greater than 11
percent (6.4 degrees) is not recommended under
any circumstances. On a tractor with a 96” outside
to outside tire spread, an 11 percent (6.4 degrees)
slope occurs when one rear tractor tire is about 8”
lower than the other rear tire. OPS-B- 0018_C
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Operation Section 4-6
OPERATION
3.5 Tractor Safety Devices
If transporting or operating the tractor and implement near a public roadway, the tractor must be equipped with
proper warning lighting and a Slow Moving Vehicle (SMV) emblem which are clearly visible from the rear of
the unit. Lights and a SMV emblem must be equipped directly on implements if the visibility of the tractor
warning signals are obscured.
Maintain all manufacturer equipped safety shields and guards. Always replace shields and guards that were
removed for access to connect, service, or repair the tractor or implement. Never operate the tractor PTO
with the PTO master shield missing or in the raised position. OPS-U- 0004
The horsepower required to operate the mower depends on many factors including vegetation to be cut, terrain
condition, operator experience, and condition of the mower and tractor. For most mowing condition, the RMB
1445 flail trimmer requires a tractor with at least 45 PTO HP. Operating the mower with a tractor that does not
have adequate power may damage the tractor engine.
3.7 3-Point Hitch
RMB 1445 boom mowers can attach to tractors
with a CAT I hitch. Refer to the tractor operator’s
manual for the category of the tractor used. If the
hitch does not conform to ASABE Cat I
dimensions, the mower may not fit or raise
properly. Consult an authorized dealer for possible
modification procedures to mount nonconforming
hitches.
Use the correct hitch pins.
IMPORTANT: Scan this QR Code with your smart phone to link to the ADMA
Driveline Safety Manual for more information on the safe use of a driveline during
normal operation and maintenance. Or type in your internet browser the following
web address: www.algqr.com/dme Ops-0009-MISC
3.8 Hydraulics
The RMB 1445 is available with a Totally Independent Hydraulic System complete with rotor rotation control.
The fully independent system is operated by an extra lever on the control console, which allows selection of
rotor rotation and all other functions.
RMB 1445 06/19
© 2019 Alamo Group Inc.
Operation Section 4-7
OPERATION
3.6 Tractor Horsepower
OPERATION
3.9 Front End Weight
A minimum of 20% total tractor weight must be maintained on the tractor front end at all times. Front end
weight is critical to maintain steering control and to prevent the tractor from rearing up while driving. If the
front end is too light, add weight until a minimum of 20% total weight is reached on the front tires. Front
weights and weight carriers can be purchased through an authorized tractor dealership. OPS-U- 0005
OPERATION
3.10 Power Take Off (PTO)
Depending on the unit, the mower is designed to operate at a PTO speed of 540 RPM. Most tractors operate
at either 540, or a combination of 540 and 1000 RPM PTO speeds. The operating speed of the mower and
tractor can be determined by the number of splines on the driveline yoke and PTO output shaft. Those
operating at 540 RPM will have a 6-spline shaft and those operating at 1000 RPM will have a 21-spline shaft
or a 1-3/4” 20 spline shaft. Refer to the tractor owner’s manual for instructions to change PTO speeds on
models that operate at more than one speed.
If operating an older model tractor where the tractor’s transmission and PTO utilize one master clutch, an
over-running clutch must be used between the PTO output shaft and the driveline of the mower. An
authorized tractor dealer can provide the over-running clutch and its installation if needed. OPS-U- 0006_E
DO NOT use a PTO adapter to attach a non-matching Implement driveline to a Tractor
PTO. Use of an adapter can double the operating speed of the Implement resulting in
excessive vibration, thrown objects, and implement failure. Adapter use will also change the
working length of the driveline exposing unshielded driveline areas. Serious bodily injury
and/or equipment failure can result from using a PTO adapter. Consult an authorized dealer
for assistance if the Implement driveline does not match the Tractor PTO. (S3PT-14)
Never operate the Tractor and Mower if the Implement input driveline is directly connected
to the Tractor transmission. Tractor braking distances can be substantially increased by
the momentum of the rotating Mower blades driving the Tractor transmission even though
the Tractor clutch has been disengaged. Install an over running clutch between the Tractor
PTO and the Mower driveline to prevent this potentially dangerous situation. (S3PT-16)
4. GETTING ON AND OFF THE TRACTOR
Before getting onto the tractor, the operator must read and completely understand the implement and tractor
operator manuals. If any part of either manual is not completely understood, consult an authorized dealer for
a complete explanation. OPS-U- 0007
RMB 1445 06/19
© 2019 Alamo Group Inc.
Operation Section 4-8
OPERATION
Do not mount or dismount the Tractor while the tractor is moving. Mount
the Tractor only when the Tractor and all moving parts are completely
stopped. (SG-12)
4.1 Boarding the Tractor
Never allow passengers to ride on the tractor or attached equipment. Riders can easily fall off and be seriously
injured or killed from falling off and being ran over. It is the operator’s responsibility to forbid all extra riders at
all times. OPS-U- 0008
Never allow children or other persons to ride on the Tractor or Implement.
Falling off can result in serious injury or death. (SG-10)
Never allow children to operate or ride on the Power Unit or Implement.
(SPU-17)
4.2 Dismounting the Tractor
Before dismounting, park the tractor and implement on a reasonably level surface, apply the parking brake,
idle the engine down, disengage the PTO, and lower the implement to the ground. Shut down the tractor
engine according to the operator’s manual, remove the key, and wait for all motion to completely stop. Never
leave the seat until the tractor, its engine and all moving parts have come to a complete stop.
Use hand rails and steps when exiting the tractor. Be careful of your step and use extra caution when mud,
ice, snow or other matter has accumulated on the steps or hand rails. Use all handrails and steps for support
and never rush or jump off the tractor. OPS-U- 0009
BEFORE leaving the tractor seat lower the implement, set the parking
brake and/or set the tractor transmission in parking gear, disengage the
PTO, stop the engine, remove the key, and wait for all moving parts to
stop. Place the tractor shift lever into a low range or parking gear to
prevent the tractor from rolling. Never dismount a Tractor that is moving
or while the engine is running. Operate the Tractor controls from the
tractor seat only. (SG-9)
RMB 1445 06/19
© 2019 Alamo Group Inc.
Operation Section 4-9
OPERATION
Use both hands and equipped handrails and steps for support when boarding the tractor. Never use control
levers for support when mounting the tractor. Seat yourself in the operator’s seat and secure the seat belt
around you.
OPERATION
5. STARTING THE TRACTOR
The operator must have a complete understanding of the placement, function, and operational use of all
tractor controls before starting the tractor. Review the tractor operator’s manual and consult an authorized
dealer for tractor operation instructions if needed.
OPERATION
Essential Tractor Controls:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Locate the ignition key/switch
Locate the engine shut off control
Locate the hydraulic control levers
Locate the light control lever
Locate the brake pedals and clutch
Locate the PTO control
Locate the 3 point hitch control lever
Locate the boom operating controls (joystick or valve bank)
Before starting the tractor ensure the following:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Conduct all pre-start operation inspection and service according to the tractor operator’s manual.
Make sure all guards, shields, and other safety devices are securely in place.
The parking brake is on.
The tractor transmission levers are in park or neutral.
The boom operating controls are in the neutral and off position.
The PTO control lever is disengaged.
The hydraulic remote control levers are in the neutral position.
Refer to the tractor owner’s manual for tractor starting procedures. Only start the tractor while seated and
belted in the tractor operator’s seat. Never bypass the ignition switch by short circuiting the starter solenoid.
After the tractor engine is running, avoid accidental contact with the tractor transmission to prevent sudden
and unexpected tractor movement. OPS-B- 0003
Never run the Tractor engine in a closed building or without adequate ventilation. The
exhaust fumes can be hazardous to your health. (SG-23)
Avoid contact with hot surfaces including hydraulic oil tanks, pumps, motors, valves and
hose connections. Relieve hydraulic pressure before performing maintenance or repairs.
Use gloves and eye protection when servicing hot components. Contact with a hot surface
or fluid can cause serious injury from burns or scalding. (SG-34)
Always shut the Tractor completely down, place the transmission in park, and set the
parking brake before you or anyone else attempts to connect or disconnect the Implement
and Tractor hitches. (S3PT-15)
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Operation Section 4-10
OPERATION
Periodically inspect all moving parts for wear and replace when
necessary with authorized service parts. Look for loose fasteners, worn
or broken parts, and leaky or loose fittings. Make sure all pins have
cotter pins and washers. Serious injury may occur from not maintaining
this machine in good working order. (SG-21)
All Safety Shields, Guards and Safety devices including (but not
limited to) - the Deflectors, Chain Guards, Steel Guards,
Gearbox Shields, PTO integral shields , and Retractable Door
Shields should be used and maintained in good working condition. All safety
devices should be inspected carefully at least daily for missing or broken
components. Missing, broken, or worn items must be replaced at once to reduce
the possibility of injury or death from thrown objects, entanglement, or blade
contact. (SBM-18)
Use extreme caution when raising the Mower head. Stop the Blades from turning when the
Mower Head is raised and passersby are within 300 feet. Raising the Mower head
exposes the Cutting Blades which creates a potentially serious hazard and can cause
serious injury by objects thrown from the Blades or by contact with the Blades. (SBM-2)
6. PRE-OPERATION INSPECTION AND SERVICE
Before each use, a pre-operation inspection and service of the implement and tractor must be performed.
This includes routine maintenance and scheduled lubrication, inspecting that all safety devices are equipped
and functional, and performing needed repairs. DO NOT operate the unit if the pre-operation inspection
reveals any condition affecting safe operation. Perform repairs and replacement of damaged and missing
parts as soon as noticed. By performing a thorough pre-operation inspection and service, valuable down time
and repair cost can be avoided. OPS-U-0029
RMB 1445 06/19
© 2019 Alamo Group Inc.
Operation Section 4-11
OPERATION
Never work under the Implement, the framework, or any lifted
component unless the Implement is securely supported or blocked up
to prevent sudden or inadvertent falling which could cause serious
injury or even death. (SG-14)
OPERATION
OPERATION
Periodically inspect all moving parts for wear and replace when
necessary with authorized service parts. Look for loose fasteners, worn
or broken parts, and leaky or loose fittings. Make sure all pins have
cotter pins and washers. Serious injury may occur from not maintaining
this machine in good working order. (SG-21)
6.1 Tractor Pre-Operation Inspection/Service
Refer to the tractor operator’s manual to ensure a
complete pre-operation inspection and scheduled
service
is
performed
according
to
the
manufacturers recommendations. The following
are some of the items that require daily service and
inspection:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Tire condition/air pressure
Wheel lug bolts
Steering linkage
PTO shield
SMV sign is clean and visible
Tractor’s lights are clean and functional
Tractor Seat belt is in good condition
Tractor ROPS is in good condition
ROPS is in the raised position
No tractor oil leaks
Radiator free of debris
Engine oil level and condition
Engine coolant level and condition
Power brake fluid level
Power steering fluid level
Fuel condition and level
Sufficient lubrication at all lube points
Air filter condition OPS-U-0030
6.2 Boom Unit Pre-Operation Inspection and Service
Inspect and service the boom arm and head prior to operation. Damaged and/or broken parts should be
repaired and/or replaced immediately. To ensure the unit is ready for operation, conduct the following:
OPS-B- 0020
RMB 1445 06/19
© 2019 Alamo Group Inc.
Operation Section 4-12
OPERATION
All Safety Shields, Guards and Safety devices including (but not limited
to) - the Deflectors, Steel Guards, Gearbox Shields, PTO integral
shields , and Retractable Door Shields should be used and maintained
in good working condition. All safety devices should be inspected carefully at least daily
for missing or broken components. Missing, broken, or worn items must be replaced at
once to reduce the possibility of injury or death from thrown objects, entanglement, or
blade contact. (SFL-5)
The operator’s manual and safety signs affixed on
the unit contain important instructions on the safe
and proper use of the equipment. Maintain these
important safety features on the implement in good
condition to ensure the information is available to
the operator at all times.
•
•
Ensure the manual canister is secured to the
equipment with the operator’s manual inside.
Ensure all safety signs are in place and legible.
Replace missing, damaged, and illegible
decals. OPS-U- 0011
NOTE: The mower Operator’s Manual and affixed Decals contain important instructions on the safe and proper
use of the mower. Maintain these important safety features on the mower in good condition to ensure the
information is available to the operator at all times.
KEEP AWAY FROM ROTATING ELEMENTS to prevent entanglement
and possible serious injury or death. (SG-24)
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Operation Section 4-13
OPERATION
Replace bent or broken blades with new blades. NEVER ATTEMPT TO STRAIGHTEN,
WELD, OR WELD HARDFACING ON BLADES SINCE THIS WILL LIKELY CRACK OR
OTHERWISE DAMAGE THE BLADE WITH SUBSEQUENT FAILURE AND POSSIBLY
CAUSE SERIOUS INJURY FROM THROWN BLADES. (SGM-10)
OPERATION
FRAME ASSEMBLY
•
•
OPERATION
•
Ensure all bolts and screws are in position and
are properly torqued.
Ensure all pins are in place and fastened with
screws.
Ensure frame is properly mounted to tractor and
hardware is properly installed and tightened.
OPS-B- 0021_H
BOOM ARM ASSEMBLY
•
•
•
•
•
•
Inspect condition of each arm section weldment
Ensure all pins are in place.
Ensure all bolts and screws are properly installed.
Check condition of teflon bushings at boom pivot
points.
Ensure each hydraulic cylinder is installed and retained
correctly. Ensure the proper size pins are used to
retain the cylinders in place and are secured properly.
Ensure that all joints are lubricated. See Maintenance
Section for Lubrication Chart. OPS-B-0022_K
Never attempt to lubricate, adjust, or remove material from the Implement while it is in
motion or while tractor engine is running. (SG-20)
HYDRAULIC LINE INSPECTION
•
•
•
•
Check for hydraulic leaks along hoses,
cylinders and fittings. IMPORTANT: DO NOT
use your hands to check for oil leaks. Use a
piece of heavy paper or cardboard to check for
hydraulic oil leaks.
Inspect the condition of the valve weldment.
Ensure fitting is properly connected
Inspect condition of nylon bushings.
OPS-B- 0023_E
RMB 1445 06/19
© 2019 Alamo Group Inc.
Operation Section 4-14
OPERATION
Relieve hydraulic pressure prior to doing any maintenance or repair work on the Implement.
Place the Mower Head on the ground or securely supported on blocks or stands, disengage
the PTO, and turn off the engine. Push and pull the control Levers or Joystick several times
to relieve pressure prior to starting any maintenance or repair work. (SBM-6)
Never Leave the mower unattended while the head is in the raised
position. The mower could fall causing serious injury to anyone who
might inadvertently be under the mower (SBM-4)
HYDRAULIC PUMP/OIL RESERVOIR
• Check oil reservoir level and oil condition. (Add
proper type oil if low)
• Change hydraulic oil filter and hydraulic oil
according to maintenance schedule.
• Ensure there are no oil leaks and fitting are
properly connected
• Inspect overall condition of hydraulic pump.
• Inspect pump drive shaft.
Check the fluid level in the Hydraulic Tank, and add oil if required. As the air has been forced out of the Cylinders and Hoses, it goes into the Hydraulic Tank and reduces the volume of oil. Maintain the oil level within the
sight gauge located on the side of the resevoir. Never fill the tank above the sight gauge to allow for the expansion of the oil. The tank maintains pressure after the mower has been run. Stand off to one side when removing the breather cap element to prevent possible injury. To relieve pressure remove the breather cap element
and depress the spring loaded pressure valve to release any excess air. OPS-B- 0024_K
Attention: Oil Filler Cap is also the Pressure Relief Cap.
Remove cap slowly to relieve pressure before removing cap completely. Stay clear to
prevent being scalded with hot oil that may spray out of the tank that is still pressurized and
may cause serious injury to eyes, face, and exposed skin. (Ops-0001-MISC)
RMB 1445 06/19
© 2019 Alamo Group Inc.
Operation Section 4-15
OPERATION
Do not operate this Equipment with hydraulic oil or fuel leaking. Oil
and fuel are explosive and their presence could present a hazard. Do
not check for leaks with your hand! High-pressure oil streams from
breaks in the line could penetrate the skin and cause tissue damage
including gangrene. To check for a hose leak, SHUT the unit ENGINE
OFF and remove all hydraulic pressure. Wear oil impenetrable gloves,
safety glasses and use cardboard to check for evidence of oil leaks. If
you suspect a leak, REMOVE the HOSE and have it tested at a Dealer.
If oil does penetrate the skin, have the injury treated immediately by a
physician knowledgeable and skilled in this procedure. (SG-15)
OPERATION
OPERATION
Avoid contact with hot surfaces including hydraulic oil tanks, pumps, motors, valves and
hose connections. Relieve hydraulic pressure before performing maintenance or repairs.
Use gloves and eye protection when servicing hot components. Contact with a hot surface
or fluid can cause serious injury from burns or scalding. (SG-34)
Do not operate this Equipment with hydraulic oil or fuel leaking. Oil
and fuel are explosive and their presence could present a hazard. Do
not check for leaks with your hand! High-pressure oil streams from
breaks in the line could penetrate the skin and cause tissue damage
including gangrene. To check for a hose leak, SHUT the unit ENGINE
OFF and remove all hydraulic pressure. Wear oil impenetrable gloves,
safety glasses and use cardboard to check for evidence of oil leaks. If
you suspect a leak, REMOVE the HOSE and have it tested at a Dealer.
If oil does penetrate the skin, have the injury treated immediately by a
physician knowledgeable and skilled in this procedure. (SG-15)
FLAIL HEAD INSPECTION
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Inspect blades and blade bolts for looseness
and excessive wear. Rotate to 90° to make for
checking easier. Replace damaged, worn, and
missing blades as complete sets to maintain
cuttershaft balance.
Ensure rubber deflectors are in position and not
damaged. Replace worn, broken, and missing
sections immediately.
Ensure the rollers are in good condition and
rotate freely.
Inspect that all bolts and screws are in position
and are properly torqued.
Ensure hydraulic lines are properly connected to the hydraulic motor. Check for hydraulic leaks along
hoses and fittings. DO NOT use your hands to check for oil leaks. Use a piece of heavy paper or
cardboard to check for hydraulic oil leaks.
Remove any grass or other debris which may be wrapped around the cuttershafts ends.
Inspect the condition of deck skid shoes and hardware. OPS-B- 0026_C
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© 2019 Alamo Group Inc.
Operation Section 4-16
OPERATION
SICKLE BAR INSPECTION
•
•
•
•
•
Do not put hands or feet near the cutter bar. Blade contact can result
in serious injury. Stay away until all motion has stopped and the
mower is securely blocked up. (SSM-1)
Do not operate this Equipment with hydraulic oil or fuel leaking. Oil
and fuel are explosive and their presence could present a hazard. Do
not check for leaks with your hand! High-pressure oil streams from
breaks in the line could penetrate the skin and cause tissue damage
including gangrene. To check for a hose leak, SHUT the unit ENGINE
OFF and remove all hydraulic pressure. Wear oil impenetrable gloves,
safety glasses and use cardboard to check for evidence of oil leaks. If
you suspect a leak, REMOVE the HOSE and have it tested at a Dealer.
If oil does penetrate the skin, have the injury treated immediately by a
physician knowledgeable and skilled in this procedure. (SG-15)
RMB 1445 06/19
© 2019 Alamo Group Inc.
Operation Section 4-17
OPERATION
•
Inspect blades and blade bolts for looseness
and excessive wear. Replace damaged, worn,
and missing blades.
Ensure guards are in position and not
damaged. Replace worn, broken, and missing
guards.
Inspect that all bolts and screws are in position
and are properly torqued.
Ensure hydraulic lines are properly connected
to the hydraulic valve and cylinders. Check for
hydraulic leaks along hoses and fittings. DO
NOT use your hands to check for oil leaks. Use
a piece of heavy paper or cardboard to check
for hydraulic oil leaks.
Ensure hydraulic cylinder is installed and
retained correctly. Ensure the proper size pins
are used to retain the cylinder in place and are
secured with pins.
Remove any grass or other debris which may
be wrapped around the cutterbar. OPS-B- 0063
OPERATION
Tractor PRE-OPERATION Inspection
Tractor ID#:________________________Make:________________________
OPERATION
Date:______________________________Shift:________________________
Before conducting the inspection, make sure the tractor engine is off, all
rotation has stopped and the tractor is in park with the parking brake
engaged. Make sure the implement is resting on the ground or securely
blocked up and all hydraulic pressure has been relieved.
Condition at
Start of Shift
Item
Specific Comments if
not O.K.
The flashing lights function properly
The SMV Sign is clean and visible
The tires are in good condition with proper pressure
The wheel lug bolts are tight
The tractor brakes are in good condition
The steering linkage is in good condition
There are no visible oil leaks
The hydraulic controls function properly
The ROPS or ROPS Cab is in good condition
The seatbelt is in place and in good condition
The 3-point hitch is in good condition
The drawbar pins are securely in place
The PTO master shield is in place
The engine oil level is full
The brake fluid level is full
The power steering fluid level is full
The fuel level is adequate
The engine coolant fluid level is full
The radiator is free of debris
The air filter is in good condition
Operator’s Signature:___________________________________________________
DO NOT OPERATE an UNSAFE TRACTOR or IMPLEMENT
RMB 1445 06/19
© 2019 Alamo Group Inc.
Operation Section 4-18
OPERATION
BUSH HOG Boom Mower PRE-OPERATION Inspection
Mower ID#_________________ IMPORTANT:
Scan this QR Code
Date:______________________
for an electronic
copy
of
this
Make_____________________
inspection sheet.
Before conducting the inspection, make sure the tractor engine is off, all
rotation has stopped and the tractor is in park with the parking brake
engaged. Make sure the mower is resting on the ground or securely blocked
up and all hydraulic pressure has been relieved.
Condition at
Start of Shift
Item
Specific Comments if
not O.K.
The Operator’s Manual is in the canister on the mower
All safety decals are in place and legible
The Mounting frame bolts are in place and tight
The Boom connection bolts & pins are tight
There are no cracks in boom
The Hydraulic Cylinders pins are tight
The Hydraulic Pump hose connections are tight
The Hydraulic Valve hose connections are tight
The Hydraulic Valve controls function properly
There are no leaking or damaged hoses
The Hydraulic Oil level is full
There is no evidence of Hydraulic leaks
The Blades are not chipped, cracked or bent
The Blade bolts are tight
The Deflectors are in place and in good condition
The Mower shields are in place and in good condition
The Skid shoes are in good condition & tight
There are no cracks or holes in mower deck
The Hyd. motor mounting bolts are tight
The mower head spindle housing is tight and lubricated
Operator’s Signature:______________________________________________________________
DO NOT OPERATE an UNSAFE TRACTOR or MOWER
RMB 1445 06/19
© 2019 Alamo Group Inc.
Operation Section 4-19
OPERATION
Shift______________________
OPERATION
OPERATION
7. MACHINE CONTROLS
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© 2019 Alamo Group Inc.
Operation Section 4-20
OPERATION
8. ROTOR CONTROLS
OPERATION
Reversing Rotation - With Flailhead
Select “ROTOR OFF”
Wait until the rotor has stopped turning.
Turn the small lever on the side of the rotor control lever pivot box 180 degrees. This will reset the control lever
stop inside the pivot box and allow opposite rotation to be selected.
Reversing Rotation - With Sicklebar
Always pull the lever towards the operator to start cutterbar operation.
Never reverse cutting direction.
RMB 1445 06/19
© 2019 Alamo Group Inc.
Operation Section 4-21
OPERATION
8.1 Angle Float
The selection of angle float on the control box
simultaneously connects both gland and base side
of the angling ram to tank.
OPERATION
The ram rod can then extend and retract freely
allowing the flail head to automatically follow the
contours of the ground.
Angle float is an “Operator Friendly” mowing feature
and can be used singly or in conjuction with lift float.
NOTE: For the feature to work to its maximum
capabilities the head must be mounted so that it is
balanced within the pivot.
8.2 Engaging Drive
1.
2.
3.
4.
Ensure that the rotor control lever is moved to the “STOP” position before engaging the PTO shaft.
Allow the oil to circulate for a minute or so before operating the armhead levers.
Position the flail head in a safe position, increase the engine speed to a high idle and move rotor control
lever to “ON”.
After initial surging the rotor will run at an even speed. Starting the rotor this way reduces the starting
loads imposed on the hydraulic motor and the drive splines.
8.3 Rotor Operating Speed
Ensure that the rotor control lever is in ‘STOP’ position before engaging the PTO shaft. Allow the oil to circulate
for a minute or so before operating the armhead levers. Position the flail head in a safe position, increase the
engine speed to a high idle and move rotor control lever to ‘START’. After initial surging, the rotor will run at an
even speed.
RMB 1445 06/19
© 2019 Alamo Group Inc.
Operation Section 4-22
OPERATION
8.4 Forward Speed
8.5 Tractor Position
The position of the tractor in relation to the hedgerow will again be determined by experience. For a normal
straight forward hedgerow the position should be such as to allow the reach cylinder to be in mid-stroke. This
effectively allows the reach to be adjusted in either direction without altering the tractor’s position.
8.6 Operating Speed
The flail head should be run at a constant speed of 2500 RPM. To achieve these speeds it will be necessary to
run the tractor engine to give a PTO speed of 540 RPM.
Never exceed 540 RPM on the PTO shaft.
8.7 Parallel Motion Geometry
This feature enables the operator to adjust the reach of the machine in and out without having to continuously
adjust the lift service to compensate for the change in head pivot height.
NOTE: The performance of the feature is at its most accurate during the mid range of reach, with some
deterioration in performance being experienced when the outer extremities of reach adjustment are
approached.
8.8 Working Close In and High
When attempting to position the flail head to cut close in and high the main arm may touch against the stop
before the required head position is achieved. If this occurs select “Reach out”, this will cause the main arm to
lift off the stop allowing the “Lift up” motion to be continued on service selection.
Using this technique allows the flail head to be positioned in the “Close In” position from ground level to full
height.
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© 2019 Alamo Group Inc.
Operation Section 4-23
OPERATION
Tractor ground speed is determined by the material being cut. Heaver materials require slower speeds or a
second pass. Travel speeds that are too fast will cause the engine RPM to drop, will cause the cut material to
have a poor finish, or will activate the breakaway system frequently. Do not exceed 2 MPH while operating
mower head.
OPERATION
8.9 Breakaway Action
The machine is fitted with a hydraulic breakaway device which protects the structure of the machine should an
unforeseen obstacle be encountered.
OPERATION
NOTE: The breakaway function does not relieve the operator of his responsibility to drive carefully, be alert
and AVOID OBVIOUS HAZARDS BEFORE CONTACT OCCURS.
Breakaway may occur momentarily during normal work should an extra thick or dense patch of vegetation be
encountered. In these instances, tractor forward motion may be maintained with care. Where breakaway has
occurred as a result of contacting a post, tree, etc., the tractor must be halted and the controls of the machine
utilized to maneuver the head away from the obstacle. NEVER CONTINUE FORWARD MOTION TO DRAG
THE HEAD AROUND THE OBSTACLE IN BREAKBACK POSITION.
NOTE: The force required to activate the breakaway system will vary dependent upon the gradient of work. It
will require less force when working uphill and vice versa.
8.10 High Voltage Cables
Always keep a careful lookout and use extreme care when working
around overhead obstructions. Never allow the mower head or boom
within 10 feet of any power line. When working close to overhead
power lines consult your electric company for a safe code of operation.
(SBM-7)
Depending on the voltage of the cables and the weather conditions there is a danger of electric flashover if the
head or arms approach the cables too closely.
Always maintain a minimum clearance distance of 10’ when operating near high voltage cables.
RMB 1445 06/19
© 2019 Alamo Group Inc.
Operation Section 4-24
OPERATION
8.11 Cutting Sequence
OPERATION
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© 2019 Alamo Group Inc.
Operation Section 4-25
OPERATION
Operator preference will ultimately decide on the order of cutting. Where it is difficult to determine the original
hedge line because of overgrowth a recommended method is to start by siding up the hedge first, if necessary
making more than one pass.
A second cut should then be taken at an incline along the hedge top and again if there is prolific growth it may
be necessary to make more than one pass until the hedge is reduced to the height and contour required.
OPERATION
Finally, finish with a ground cut. The roller should be lowered for this. This ground cut defines the base line of
the hedge, severs shrubs and debris that encroach out from the bottom, and further mulches the toppings that
have fallen.
NOTE: Flails are more prone to accidental damage and blunting by stones on a ground cut. Therefore, when
convenient, this should be left until the end.
Where the hedge has been well maintained in the past, it may be found better to cut the top before either side.
Do not be tempted to make a vertical cut on the opposite or “Away from the Tractor” side of
the hedge. This would entail cutting “blind” and the rotating flail would be capable of
throwing debris through the hedgerow in line with the operator.
Where both sides of a roadside hedge are to cut, always cut the field side first. The uncut roadside helps to
reduce the amount of debris being flung through the hedge into the road. Also by sloping the vertical cut to give
an “A” shape, debris is thrown down into the hedge bottom and the spread of material is reduced.
8.12 Grass Cutting
Flails must cut upwards.
Front hood CW flaps, skids and rear flap must be
fitted.
The mounting holes allow three positions for the
front hood.
NOTE: For cutterbars 500 RPM is a guide speed
only. It should be run only as fast as necessary to
do the job. Never exceed 540 RPM PTO speed.
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Operation Section 4-26
OPERATION
9. DRIVING THE TRACTOR AND IMPLEMENT
Safe tractor transport requires the operator to possess a thorough knowledge of the model being operated
and precautions to take while driving with an attached implement. Ensure the tractor has the capacity to
handle the weight of the boom and the tractor operating controls are set for safe transport. To ensure safety
while driving the tractor with a boom, review the following.
Power for operating the mower is supplied from the tractor PTO. Refer to your tractor manual instructions for
engaging and disengaging the PTO. Start the tractor and bring the engine speed up to normal operating 540
PTO speed. Always engage the PTO at low engine RPM and run the mower for a short period until all air is
removed from the hoses. Keep all person's well clear of mower since blades can throw objects with great
velocity for a considerable distance! KEEP CLEAR! OPS-B- 0005
Never operate the Tractor or Implement until you have read and
completely understand this Manual, the Tractor Operator’s Manual, and
each of the Safety Messages found in the Manual or on the Tractor and
Implement. Learn how to stop the tractor engine suddenly in an
emergency. Never allow inexperienced or untrained personnel to operate
the Tractor or Implement without supervision. Make sure the operator
has fully read and understood the manuals prior to operation. (SG-4)
Always maintain the safety signs in good readable condition. If the safety signs are missing,
damaged, or unreadable, obtain and install replacement safety signs immediately. (SG-5)
This Implement may be wider than the Tractor. Be careful when operating or transporting
this equipment to prevent the Implement from running into or striking sign posts, guard rails,
concrete abutments or other solid objects. Such an impact could cause the Implement and
Tractor to pivot violently resulting in loss of steering control, serious injury, or even death.
Never allow the Implement to contact obstacles. (S3PT-12)
BEFORE leaving the tractor seat lower the implement, set the parking
brake and/or set the tractor transmission in parking gear, disengage the
PTO, stop the engine, remove the key, and wait for all moving parts to
stop. Place the tractor shift lever into a low range or parking gear to
prevent the tractor from rolling. Never dismount a Tractor that is moving
or while the engine is running. Operate the Tractor controls from the
tractor seat only. (SG-9)
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Operation Section 4-27
OPERATION
Read all safety instructions. Decals on the Boom warn you of particular and multiple hazards. Some decals
are attached close to part of the Boom where there is a possible hazard. Read and make sure you
understand the safety messages before you operate the implement. Keep all decals clean and readable.
Replace lost or damaged decals, refer to safety section for more information.
OPERATION
Transport only at speeds where you can maintain control of the
equipment. Serious accidents and injuries can result from operating this
equipment at high speeds. Understand the Tractor and Implement and
how it handles before transporting on streets and highways. Make sure the Tractor steering
and brakes are in good condition and operate properly.
OPERATION
Before transporting the Tractor and Implement, determine the proper transport speeds for
you and the equipment. Make sure you abide by the following rules:
Test the tractor at a slow speed and increase the speed slowly. Apply the Brakes smoothly
to determine the stopping characteristics of the Tractor and Implement. As you increase
the speed of the Tractor the stopping distance increases.
Determine the maximum
transport speed not to exceed 20 mph (30 kph) for transporting this equipment.
Test the equipment at a slow speed in turns. Increase the speed through the turn only after
you determine that the equipment can be operated at a higher speed. Use extreme care
and reduce your speed when turning sharply to prevent the tractor and implement from
turning over. Determine the maximum turning speed for you and this equipment before
operating on roads or uneven ground.
Only transport the Tractor and Implement at the speeds which allow you to properly control
the equipment.
Be aware of the operating conditions. Do not operate the Tractor with weak or faulty brakes
or worn tires. When operating down a hill or on wet or rain slick roads, the braking distance
increases: use extreme care and reduce your speed. When operating in traffic always use
the Tractor’s flashing warning lights and reduce your speed. Be aware of traffic around you
and watch out for the other guy. (SG-19)
9.1 Starting the Tractor
The procedure to start the tractor is model specific.
Refer to the tractor operator’s manual for starting
procedures for your particular tractor. Consult an
authorized dealer if the starting procedure is
unclear. Ensure the 3-point control lever is in the
lowered position and the PTO is disengaged before
starting the tractor. OPS-U-0033
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Operation Section 4-28
OPERATION
9.2 Brake and Differential Lock Setting
Make sure the tractor brakes are in good operating
condition. Tractor brakes can be set to operate
independently allowing single rear wheel braking
action or locked together to provide simultaneous
rear wheel braking. FOR MOST DRIVING AND
OPERATING CONDITIONS, THE BRAKE PEDALS
SHOULD BE LOCKED TOGETHER TO PROVIDE
THE MOST EFFECTIVE BRAKING ACTION.
Be aware of the operating conditions. Do not operate the Tractor with weak or faulty brakes.
When operating down a hill or on wet or rain slick roads, the braking distance increases; use
extreme care and reduce your speed in these conditions. When operating in traffic, always
use the Tractor’s flashing warning lights and reduce your speed. Be aware of traffic around
you and watch out for the other guy.
Use extreme caution when raising the Mower head. Stop the Blades from turning when the
Mower Head is raised and passersby are within 300 feet. Raising the Mower head
exposes the Cutting Blades which creates a potentially serious hazard and can cause
serious injury by objects thrown from the Blades or by contact with the Blades. (SBM-2)
Never Leave the mower unattended while the head is in the raised
position. The mower could fall causing serious injury to anyone who
might inadvertently be under the mower (SBM-4)
Do not put hands or feet under mower decks. Blade Contact can result
in serious injury or even death. Stay away until all motion has stopped
and the decks are securely blocked up. (SFL-2)
Make certain that the Boom swing path is clear of bystanders, powerlines, and obstructions
to prevent injury, electrocution, and possible machine damage. Swing Boom SLOWLY
AND CAREFULLY. Avoid sudden starting and stopping. (Ops-0002-MISC)
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Operation Section 4-29
OPERATION
Always disengage the tractor differential lock when
turning. When engaged the differential lock will
prevent or limit the tractor from turning. During
normal conditions, locking the differential provides
no benefit and should not be used. OPS-U- 0013
OPERATION
9.3 Driving the Tractor and Boom
OPERATION
Start off driving at a slow speed and gradually increase your speed while maintaining complete control of the
tractor. Never operate the tractor at speeds that cannot be safely handled or which will prevent the operator
from stopping quickly during an emergency. If the power steering or engine ceases operating, stop the tractor
immediately as the tractor will be difficult to control.
Perform turns with the tractor and mower at slow speeds to determine how the tractor with an attached
implement handles a turn. Determine the safe speed to maintain proper control of the tractor when making
turns. When turning with the implement the overall working length and width of the unit is increased. Allow
additional clearance for the unit when turning or when passing large obstructions.
To avoid overturns, drive the tractor with care and at safe speeds, especially when operating over rough
ground, crossing ditches or slopes, and turning corners. Use extreme caution when operating on steep slopes.
Keep the tractor in a low gear when going downhill. DO NOT coast or free-wheel downhill. OPS-B- 0006_G
Never Leave the mower unattended while the head is in the raised
position. The mower could fall causing serious injury to anyone who
might inadvertently be under the mower (SBM-4)
Always keep a careful lookout and use extreme care when working
around overhead obstructions. Never allow the mower head or boom
within 10 feet of any power line. When working close to overhead
power lines consult your electric company for a safe code of operation.
(SBM-7)
10. OPERATING THE TRACTOR AND IMPLEMENT
THE OPERATOR MUST COMPLETELY UNDERSTAND HOW TO OPERATE THE TRACTOR AND
IMPLEMENT AND ALL CONTROLS BEFORE ATTEMPTING TO OPERATE. The operator must read and
understand the Safety and Operation Sections of the implement and tractor operator’s manuals. These
manuals must be read and explained to any operator who cannot read. Never allow someone to operate the
implement and tractor without complete operating instructions.
Before starting any operation, the operator must become familiar with the area to be worked in and any
obstacles and hazards contained within to ensure safety to the operator, bystanders, and equipment. Special
attention should be paid to foreign debris, rough terrain, steep slopes, and passersby and animals in the area.
OPS-U- 0015
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Operation Section 4-30
OPERATION
Extreme care should be taken when operating near loose objects such
as gravel, rocks, wire, and other debris. Inspect the area before
mowing. Foreign objects should be removed from the site to prevent
machine damage and/or bodily injury or even death. Any objects that
cannot be removed must be clearly marked and carefully avoided by the
operator. Stop mowing immediately if blades strike a foreign object.
Repair all damage and make certain rotor or blade carrier is balanced
before resuming mowing. (SGM-05)
1. Engage the PTO shaft at low engine RPM and speed the engine up after blades are fully engaged. Never
engage the PTO shaft at a high engine RPM. This could cause damage to the PTO shaft as well as the
Speed Increaser and Pump. Always operate PTO at the recommended RPM when mowing. This is
necessary to maintain proper blade speed and to produce a clean cut.
2. Proper ground speed for cutting will depend upon the height, type, and density of material to be cut.
Maintain ground speed of 2 m.p.h. Tall dense material should be cut at low speed while thin medium height
material can be cut at a faster ground speed.
3. Always run the Mower at the highest position which will enable you to obtain the desired cutting results.
Allowing the blades to cut into the ground will cause wear and undue strain on the mower frame and
mower components.
If you are mowing in conditions of heavy growth or rough ground where the blades cut into the ground and the
tractor engine slows down, do not slip the clutch to allow the engine to speed up and engage the clutch again.
This procedure exerts tremendous strain on Mower components. Always disengage the PTO and move
forward or backwards until the machine is clear.
This mower is designed with free swinging blades. This feature reduces the amount of shock transmitted to
other components. Always make sure the blades can swing freely on the blade bar.
Do not ride the clutch on the tractor. Mow in the appropriate gears to give the correct ground speed.
Extremely tall grass should be cut twice. Raise mower and cut twice the desired height. Cut the second time at
desired height at 90 degrees to first pass.
Remember, sharp blades produce cleaner cuts and use less power.
Before cutting, analyze the area to determine the best cutting procedure. Consider the height and type of
material and the terrain type: hilly, level or rough.
Do not mow with two machines in the same area except with Cab tractors with the windows
closed. (SGM-11)
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Operation Section 4-31
OPERATION
11. OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS
OPERATION
OPERATION
Mow only in conditions where you have clear visibility in daylight or with adequate artificial
lighting. Never mow in darkness or foggy conditions where you cannot clearly see at least
300 feet (90 m) in front and to the sides of the tractor and mower. Make sure that you can
clearly see and identify passersby, steep slopes, ditches, drop-offs, overhead obstructions,
power lines, debris and foreign objects. If you are unable to clearly see these type of items
discontinue mowing. (SGM-1)
Avoid mowing in reverse direction when possible. Check to make sure there are no
persons behind the mower and use extreme care when maneuvering in reverse. Mow only
at a slow ground speed where you can safely operate and control the tractor and mower.
Never mow an area that you have not inspected and removed debris or foreign material.
(SGM-08)
Never operate the mower head tilted down where the operator can see the blades of the
mower. The blade could throw an object toward the operator causing serious injury or
death. Never operate the mower without an Operator Protective Structure. Always wear
safety glasses and a hard hat. (Ops-0005-MISC)
Many varied objects, such as wire, cable, rope, or chains, can become entangled in the
operating parts of the mower head. These items could then swing outside the housing at
greater velocities than the blades. Such a situation is extremely hazardous and could result
in serious injury or even death. Inspect the cutting area for such objects before mowing.
Remove any like object from the site. Never allow the cutting blades to contact such items.
(SGM-06)
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Operation Section 4-32
OPERATION
11.1 Foreign Debris Hazards
Before mowing, inspect the area to make sure
there are no foreign objects that the mower blades
could hit or become entangled with. Remove all
foreign objects and debris. If objects are too big to
remove, mark them clearly and be sure to prevent
the mower blades from contacting them.
Always wear your seat belt securely fastened and
only operate the tractor and mower with the ROPS
in the raised position. If the tractor or mower hits a
tree stump, rock, or bump, a sudden movement
could throw you off of the seat and under the
tractor and/or mower. The seat belt is your best
protection from falling off the tractor and the ROPS
provides protection from being crushed during a
tractor roll-over. OPS-F-0010
11.2 Bystanders/Passersby Precautions
If a bystander comes within 300 feet of the tractor while the mower is being operated, stop the tractor at once,
idle the engine and disengage the PTO. Do not engage the PTO again until all bystanders are well past the
300 foot distance. OPS-R-0024
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Operation Section 4-33
OPERATION
If you hit a solid object or foreign debris, stop the
mower and tractor at once. Immediately idle the
engine speed and disengage the PTO. Wait for all
mower rotating motion to stop, then raise the
mower and move the tractor and implement off the
object. Inspect the area and remove, or mark the
location of the debris. Inspect the condition of the
mower and make any needed repairs immediately.
Make sure the blades are not damaged and the
carrier is balanced before resuming operation.
OPERATION
Flail Mowers are capable under adverse conditions of throwing
objects for great distances (300 feet or more) and causing serious
injury or death. Follow safety messages carefully.
STOP MOWING IF PASSERSBY ARE WITHIN 300 FEET UNLESS:
-Front and Rear Deflectors, Chain Guards, or Bands are installed and in good, workable
condition;
OPERATION
-Mower sections or Wings are running close to and parallel to the ground without
exposed Blades;
-All areas have been thoroughly inspected and all foreign material such as rocks, cans,
glass, and general debris has been removed.
NOTE: Where there are grass and weeds high enough to hide debris that could be
struck by the blades, the area should be: inspected and large debris removed, mowed at
an intermediate height, inspected closely with any remaining debris being removed, and
mowed again at desired final height. (This will also reduce power required to mow,
reduce wear and tear on the Mower drivetrain, spread cut material better, eliminate
streaking, and make the final cut more uniform.) (SFL-6)
11.3 Engaging the Power Take Off (PTO)
Before engaging the PTO, make certain that the area is clear of bystanders and passersby. The implement
must be completely lowered and the deck positioned at a safe operating height. NEVER engage the PTO with
the implement in the raised position.
Set the tractor engine speed at approximately 1,000 RPM before engaging the PTO. Shift the PTO control to
the on position, and slowly increase the engine speed until the PTO is operating at the rated speed. If you
hear unusual noises or see or feel abnormal vibrations, disengage the PTO immediately. Inspect the
implement to determine the cause of the noise or vibration and repair the abnormality. OPS-U- 0027
Do not put hands or feet under mower decks. Blade Contact can result
in serious injury or even death. Stay away until all motion has stopped
and the decks are securely blocked up. (SGM-09)
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Operation Section 4-34
OPERATION
11.4 Operating Speed and Ground Speed
Ground speed for mowing will depend upon the height, type, and density of vegetation to be cut. Do Not
exceed 2 MPH while operating. Operate the mower at its full rated PTO speed to maintain blade speed for a
clean cut. Refer to the tractor operator’s manual or the tractor instrument panel for the engine speed and gear
to provide the required operating and desired ground speed. Make sure that the mower is operating at its full
rated speed before entering the vegetation to be cut. Always start and stop cutting blades with engine near
idle.
Do not exceed the rated PTO speed for the Implement. Excessive PTO speeds can cause
Implement driveline or component failures resulting in serious injury or death. (SG-26)
Mow at the speed that you can safely operate and control the tractor and mower. The
correct mowing speed depends on terrain condition and grass type, density, and height of
cut. Normal ground speed range is from 2 to 5 mph(3-8 kph). Use slow mowing speeds
when operating on or near steep slopes, ditches, drop-offs, overhead obstructions, power
lines, or when debris and foreign objects are to be avoided. (SGM-07)
11.5 Operating the Mower
The mower is designed to cut vegetation up to 1-1/2” in diameter. Sharp blades will produce a cleaner cut and
require less power. Travel at a speed that allows the mower sufficient time to cut through the vegetation and
maintain the PTO operating speed to prevent overloading the mower and tractor. Choose a driving pattern
that provides the maximum pass length and minimizes turning.
Under certain conditions, tractor tires may roll some grasses down preventing them from being cut at the
same height as the surrounding area. When this occurs, reduce the tractor ground speed while maintaining
the operating speed of the mower. A slower ground speed will permit grasses to at least partially rebound and
be cut. Taking a partial cut and/or reversing the direction of travel may also help produce a cleaner cut.
Avoid mowing in the reverse direction when possible. In situations where the mower must be backed to
access areas to be cut, make sure there are no persons or other foreign debris behind the mower before
mowing in reverse. When mowing in reverse, operate the tractor and mower at a reduced ground speed to
ensure tractor and mower control is maintained. OPS-R-0026_N
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Operation Section 4-35
OPERATION
Ground speed is achieved by transmission gear selection and not by the engine operating speed. The
operator may be required to experiment with several gear range combinations to determine the best gear and
range which provides the most ideal performance from the implement and most efficient tractor operation. As
the severity of cutting conditions increase, the ground speed should be decreased by selecting a lower gear to
maintain the proper operating PTO speed. OPS-B- 0009
OPERATION
OPERATION
There are obvious and hidden potential hazards in the operation of this
Mower. REMEMBER! This machine is often operated in heavy brush
and in heavy weeds. The Blades of this Mower can throw objects if
shields are not properly installed and maintained. Serious injury or even
death may occur unless care is taken to insure the safety of the operator,
bystanders, or passersby in the area. Do not operate this machine with
anyone in the immediate area. Stop mowing if anyone is within 300 feet
of mower. (SGM-02)
Do not mow with two machines in the same area except with Cab tractors with the windows
closed. (SGM-11)
Mow only in conditions where you have clear visibility in daylight or with adequate artificial
lighting. Never mow in darkness or foggy conditions where you cannot clearly see at least
300 feet (90 m) in front and to the sides of the tractor and mower. Make sure that you can
clearly see and identify passersby, steep slopes, ditches, drop-offs, overhead obstructions,
power lines, debris and foreign objects. If you are unable to clearly see these type of items
discontinue mowing. (SGM-1)
Avoid mowing in reverse direction when possible. Check to make sure there are no
persons behind the mower and use extreme care when maneuvering in reverse. Mow only
at a slow ground speed where you can safely operate and control the tractor and mower.
Never mow an area that you have not inspected and removed debris or foreign material.
(SGM-08)
Follow these guidelines to reduce the risk of equipment and grass fires
while operating, servicing, and repairing the Mower and Tractor:
-Equip the Tractor with a fire extinguisher in an accesible location.
-Do Not operate the Mower on a Tractor with an underframe exhaust.
-Do Not smoke or have an open flame near the Mower and Tractor.
-Do Not drive into burning debris or freshly burnt areas.
-Ensure slip clutches are properly adjusted to prevent excessive slippage and plate heating.
-Never allow clippings or debris to collect near drivelines, slip clutches, and gearboxes.
Periodically shut down the Tractor and Mower and clean clippings and collected debris from
the mower deck. (SGM-12)
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Operation Section 4-36
OPERATION
11.6 Operating the Attached Mower Heads
Refer to the Assembly Section of this manual to ensure the head is properly attached to the boom hitch and
hydraulic lines are properly connected.
Grass Flail
•
•
•
•
The Grass Flail head is rated for cutting grass
and small brush up to 1-1/2”.
The Grass Flail operates attached to the boom
arm, and is ideal for cutting hard to reach
areas where a smooth cut is required.
Cutting height ranges from 3/4” to 4” in
vegetation. Cutting height is set by adjusting
the height of the roller assembly.
When operating near the ground or when
mulching be particularly careful that there are
no bystanders or animals with a 300 feet.
Debris tends to fly out at great speed and can
injure or even cause death. OPS-B- 0040_B
Sickle Bar
•
•
•
•
•
The Sickle Bar Cutter will cut a 5’ swath
through tough weeds and grass.
The Sickle Bar Cutter is operated attached to
the boom arm and is ideal for vegetation
maintenance
When operating the Sickle Bar correctly it will
give you a fast, efficient, and cost-effective
method of vegetation maintenance.
The Sickle Bar will also cut vegetation through
tough weeds under water, ideal for maintaining
ponds, creeks, and other areas that may be
under shallow water.
When operating the unit be sure there are no
bystanders or animals within 300 feet of the
unit. OPS-B- 0049
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Operation Section 4-37
OPERATION
There are obvious and hidden potential hazards in the operation of this
Mower. REMEMBER! This machine is often operated in heavy brush
and in heavy weeds. The Blades of this Mower can throw objects if
shields are not properly installed and maintained. Serious injury or even
death may occur unless care is taken to insure the safety of the operator,
bystanders, or passersby in the area. Do not operate this machine with
anyone in the immediate area. Stop mowing if anyone is within 300 feet
of mower. (SGM-02)
OPERATION
11.7 Shutting Down the Attached Head
OPERATION
To shut down attached mower head, first bring the
tractor to a complete stop. Decrease engine RPM
to idle then disengage cutterhead. The mower head
will come to a complete stop within a suitable
amount of time. Do not engage or disengage the
cutterheads at a high RPM unless there is an
emergency situation.
Park the tractor on a level surface, place the
transmission in park or neutral and apply the
parking brake, shut down the engine, remove the
key, and wait for all motion to come to a complete
stop before exiting the tractor. OPS-B- 0011_J
BEFORE leaving the tractor seat lower the implement, set the parking
brake and/or set the tractor transmission in parking gear, disengage the
PTO, stop the engine, remove the key, and wait for all moving parts to
stop. Place the tractor shift lever into a low range or parking gear to
prevent the tractor from rolling. Never dismount a Tractor that is moving
or while the engine is running. Operate the Tractor controls from the
tractor seat only. (SG-9)
12. TRACTOR, BOOM, AND ATTACHED HEAD STORAGE
Properly preparing and storing the unit at the end of the season is critical to maintaining its appearance and to
help ensure years of dependable service. The following are suggested storage procedures:
•
•
•
•
•
•
Thoroughly clean all debris from boom and
head to prevent damage from rotting grass and
standing water.
Lubricate all grease points and fill oil levels
according to the maintenance lubrication
schedule.
Tighten all bolts to the proper torque. Ensure
all pins and other hardware are in place.
Check the boom arm and head for worn and
damaged parts. Perform repairs and make
replacements so that the mower will be ready
for use at the start of the next season.
Store the unit in a clean and dry location.
Use spray touch-up enamel where necessary
on bare metal surfaces to prevent rust and to
maintain the appearance of the mower.
OPS-B- 0012_G
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Operation Section 4-38
OPERATION
Never allow children to play on or around Tractor or Implement. Children can slip or fall off
the Equipment and be injured or killed. Inadvertent contact with controls can cause the
Implement to shift or fall crushing themselves or others. (SG-25)
Always shut the Tractor completely down, place the transmission in park, and set the
parking brake before you or anyone else attempts to connect or disconnect the Implement
and Tractor hitches. (S3PT-15)
Never allow children to play on or around Tractor or Implement. Children can slip or fall off
the Equipment and be injured or killed. Inadvertent contact with controls can cause the
Implement to shift or fall crushing themselves or others. (SG-25)
13. TRANSPORTING THE TRACTOR AND IMPLEMENT
Inherent hazards of operating the tractor and implement and the possibility of accidents are not left behind
when you finish working in an area. Therefore, the operator must employ good judgement and safe operation
practices when transporting the tractor and implement between locations. By using good judgement and
following safe transport procedures, the possibility of accidents while moving between locations can be
substantially minimized. OPS-U- 0017
Never allow children or other persons to ride on the Tractor or Implement.
Falling off can result in serious injury or death. (SG-10)
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Operation Section 4-39
OPERATION
BEFORE leaving the tractor seat lower the implement, set the parking
brake and/or set the tractor transmission in parking gear, disengage the
PTO, stop the engine, remove the key, and wait for all moving parts to
stop. Place the tractor shift lever into a low range or parking gear to
prevent the tractor from rolling. Never dismount a Tractor that is moving
or while the engine is running. Operate the Tractor controls from the
tractor seat only. (SG-9)
OPERATION
OPERATION
Before transporting the tractor on a public roadway
or boarding a trailer for transport, the tractor brake
pedals should be locked together. Locking the
pedals ensures that both wheels brake
simultaneously while stopping, especially when
making an emergency stop.
Use extreme caution and avoid hard applications of
the tractor brakes when towing heavy loads at road
speeds. Never tow the implement at speeds
greater than 20 MPH (32 kph). OPS-U- 0018
13.1 Transporting on Public Roadways
Extreme caution should be used when transporting the tractor and implement on public roadways. The tractor
must be equipped with all required safety warning features including a SMV emblem and flashing warning
lights to alert drivers of the tractor’s presence. Remember that roadways are primarily designed for
automotive drivers and most drivers will not be looking out for you, therefore, you must look out for them.
Check your side view mirrors frequently and remember that vehicles will approach quickly because of the
tractor’s slower speed. Be extremely cautious when the piece of equipment that you are towing is wider than
the tractor tire width and/or extends beyond your lane of the road.
Make sure that a proper size safety tow chain is secured between the tractor and implement before entering a
public road. OPS-U- 0019
NOTE: Ensure that the mower sections are fully raised and that the transport locks are engaged for each
section.
Only tow the Implement behind a properly sized and equipped Tractor
which exceeds the weight of the Implement by at least 20%. DO NOT
tow the Implement behind a truck or other type of vehicle. Never tow the
Implement and another Implement connected in tandem. Never tow the
Implement at speeds over 20 MPH. (STI-06)
Never allow children or other persons to ride on the Tractor or Implement.
Falling off can result in serious injury or death. (SG-10)
Make certain that the “Slow Moving Vehicle” (SMV) sign is installed in
such a way as to be clearly visible and legible. When transporting the
Equipment use the Tractor flashing warning lights and follow all local
traffic regulations. (SG-6)
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Operation Section 4-40
OPERATION
Make sure that all tractor flashing warning lights,
headlights, and brake/taillights are functioning
properly before proceeding onto public roads.
While newer model tractors have plenty of lighting
to provide warning signals and operating lighting,
most older models where only equipped with
operating lights. Consult an authorized tractor
dealer for lighting kits and modifications available
to upgrade the lighting on older tractor models.
OPS-B-0015
When operating on public roads, have
consideration for other road users. Pull to the side
of the road occasionally to allow all following traffic
to pass. Do not exceed the legal speed limit set in
your state or municipality for agricultural tractors.
Always stay alert when transporting the tractor and
mower on public roads. Especially in busy cities,
the boom extends to right farther then the tractors
width, so be careful there are no bystanders, poles,
large obstructions or any vehicles that may be in
path of the mower head or boom. Use caution and
reduce speed if other vehicles or pedestrians are in
the area. OPS-B- 0016
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Operation Section 4-41
OPERATION
The SMV (Slow-Moving Vehicle) emblem is
universal symbol used to alert drivers of the
presence of equipment traveling on roadways at a
slow speed. SMV signs are a triangular bright
orange with reflective red trim for both easy day
and night visibility. Make sure the SMV sign is
clean and visible from the rear of the unit before
transporting the tractor and implement on a public
roadway. Replace the SMV emblem if faded,
damaged, or no longer reflective. OPS-U- 0020
OPERATION
OPERATION
Reduce speed before turning or applying the brakes.
Ensure that both brake pedals are locked together
when operating on public roads. OPS-U- 0023
When transporting Boom Mower on a truck or trailer, the height or width
may exceed legal limits when the boom is in the transport position.
Contact with side or overhead structures or power lines can cause
property damage or serious injury or death. If necessary lower boom to
reduce height and/or remove mowing head to reduce width to the legal
limits (SBM-8)
13.2 Hauling the Tractor and Implement
Before transporting a loaded tractor and implement,
measure the height and width dimensions and
gross weight of the complete loaded unit. Ensure
that the load will be in compliance with the legal
limits set for the areas that will be traveled through.
OPS-U- 0024_TK
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Operation Section 4-42
OPERATION
Use adequately sized and rated trailers and
equipment to transport the tractor and implement.
Consult an authorized dealer to determine the proper
equipment required. Using adequately sized chains,
heavy duty straps, cables and/or binders, securely tie
down both the front and rear of the tractor utilizing the
proper tie down locations as specified by the tractor
manufacturer. OPS-U- 0025
While hauling the tractor and implement, make
occasional stops to check that the tractor and
implement have not moved or shifted and that the
securing chains have maintained tension. If during
transport a hard braking, sharp turning, or
swerving action was performed, stop at the next
safe location to inspect the security of the load.
NOTE: Always transport per your State and Federal law regulations for tie down requirements.
OPS-U- 0026_TK
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Operation Section 4-43
OPERATION
Arrange the chains so that when tightened, the
chains are pulling downward and against
themselves. Carefully tighten the securing chains
or other fasteners using boomers or binders to
apply maximum tension. Use extreme care when
attaching and removing the securing devices as
the extreme tension involved when released has
the potential to inflict serious injury.
OPERATION
14. TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE
Problem
OPERATION
Boom Breaks Back
Too Easily
Boom Drops When
Two Functions
Actuated
Boom Moves on Its
Own (Under Power w/
no function actuated)
Electronic Joystick
Models
Boom Moves on Its
Own (Under Power w/
No function actuated)
Mechanical Joysticks
With Cables
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Possible Cause
Remedy
Swing Cylinder Failure
Test to Confirm, Rebuild or replace as needed
Cutting head "Plowing" in
Ground
Operator Error, Operator T raining
Operator Travelling Too Fast
Operator Error, Operator T raining
Low Oil Level on Boom
Function System
Fill oil and bleed system of air
Failed One way Flow
Restrictor in valve
(Gravity Aided Functions Only) Confirm and
replace
Defective or damaged
Controller
Repair or Replace as needed
Incorrect Hose Size to
Cylinder(s)
Replace with proper OEM part
Defective or Damaged
Joystick Controller
Repair or Replace as required.
Solenoid Valves stuck due
to contamination
Repair or replace as required. Flush and fill
Hydraulic System
Failed O-Ring on Solenoid
Valves
Replace the O-Ring with proper
replacement parts
Improper Wiring
Confirm and Repair
Defective or Damaged
Control Module(s)
Replace the module(s)
Defective or Damaged
Joystick
Repair or replace as required
Connection at valve
Damaged or failed
Repair or replace as required
Solenoid Valves stuck due
to contamination
Repair or replace as required. Flush
and fill Hydraulic System
Work Port Relief Malfunction
or F ailure
Test to confirm, Adjust or Replace as needed
Operation Section 4-44
OPERATION
Problem
Possible Cause
Remedy
Cylinder Excessive
Drift
May be normal Operation
Check Allowable Drift rates in Service Manual
Cylinder Piston Seals
Bypass
Damaged or Defective
Work Port Relief Valves
Oil Contamination
Test to confirm and repair or replace
Cylinder Leaks at Rod
Cylinder Moves Wrong
Way (Not the function
that was actuated)
Cylinder Moves
intermittent (all
functions)
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Related to Issues
described in Previous
section: Boom moves
under its own power
Review the previous section
Loose Fittings
Check for cracks and retighten
Wrong Fittings Installed
Damaged or defective
fitting (cracked)
Fitting Port cracked
Faulty Seals on Cylinder
Gland
Damaged Cylinder Rods
Cylinder Rods Bent
Replace with Correct fittings
due to over tightening, replace hose or
fitting
Repair or replace Cylinder or port
Disassemble and Replace
Incorrect Hose Routing
Clean or Replace the Rod as required.
Determine Cause of Overload. Replace the
Rod
Check Hose Diagram in the Service Manual
and route the hoses correctly
Wire Harness improperly
installed
Confirm incorrect placement and re-attach the
harness connectors as needed
Operator Perception of
Correct Operation is
incorrect
Consult the Operator's Manual for Correct
operation and communicate with the Operator.
Cylinder Control Pump
Failure (All functions
affected)
Load Sense Signal Not
reaching the pump.
Low Or Improper Oil in
Hydraulic system
Contamination of Oil
causing restricted flow in
the valve.
No voltage to Joystick
Controller
Faulty Joystick Controller
Test pump to confirm. Rebuild or replace as
required.
Check valve Pilot pressure and load sense
Check valves.
Replace or fill as required.
Replace oil, and clean components.
Check Fuses, wires etc and repair as required.
Test then replace or repair as required.
Operation Section 4-45
OPERATION
Cylinder Leaks at
Fittings
Check Relief Pressures. Repair or replace as
required
May be root cause of any internal Leakage.
Test oil and replace as required.
OPERATION
Problem
OPERATION
Cylinder Movement
Spongy or Jerky
Possible Cause
Identify the source of the Air. Replace Oil if
Required, or cycle the cylinder several times to
purge the oil.
Wrong Oil Used
Check Specifications for proper oil, and replace
Oil is cold
System must be warmed to at least 40degrees
F for proper operation
Check or test then replace or repair as
required.
Test relief pressure and replace with proper
W ork Port relief valve
Faulty Pump or Pump drive
Workport reliefs set too low
Cylinder Moves Some
Functions (But Not All)
Faulty Joystick Controller
Oil Level too low
Faulty Solenoid Valve
Contamination in valve
Bad Control Module
Incorrect Work Port Relief
installed
Work Port relief failure
Cylinder Failure
One way Flow restrictor
Installed in wrong port, or
backwards
Cylinder Rod Bent
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Remedy
Air in oil
Test the joystick and repair or replace as
required
Fill the hydraulic tank as required.
Test and repair or replace as required
Flush system and clean the valve as required.
Replace the module
Check for proper hose routing in the Service
manual and correctly install
Test work port relief pressure and replace if
required
Test Cylinder, repair or replace as needed
Check proper installation in Service Manual
One way flow restrictors are required on most
gravity aided functions and both directions of
the swing functions
Pump worn out
Air in oil
Test to confirm, repair or replace as required
Locate the source of the air and repair. Flush
and fill oil as required
Engine RPM too slow
2000 RPM is the rated speed as indicated on
the tachometer
Operator Abuse
Misalignment of Cylinder
Lugs (bent boom)
Operator training, Travel speed too fast, or
impact with solid objects while mowing
Operator training, Excessive loading of boom
components
Work Port Relief improper
Check for proper setting. Replace as needed
Interference with another
component
Operator training or components interfering
with boom movement
Operation Section 4-46
OPERATION
Possible Cause
Remedy
Cylinder Rod Cam e O ut
of Cylinder
Piston Nut backed off of
the Rod
Relief Valve setting Too
High
Operator abuse
Severe Use or Abuse
Im proper retaining of nut, replace or rebuild as
required
Test relief valve and adjust or replace as
required
Overloading cylinder in the extend position
Excessive ground speed, O verload or im pact
with solid objects
Vibration
Poor or m issing welds
Mowing over sand or rocks
Blades or blade bar bent, or blade m issing
Manufacturing defect
Operator training
Abusive operation,
m owing heavy debris
Operator training
Norm al operational wear
Norm al wear over tim e can result in cracks or
dam age. Check deflectors and guards.
Replace as required.
Restrictions to oil flow in
the system
Identified by concentration of heat, due to Line
restriction bent hoses or contam ination.
Relief Valve M alfunction
Relief setting too low, will result in generation of
heat, Adjust or replace as needed.
Cavitation
W rong Oil Used
Excessive Engine RPM
Induction of air into the system due to leakage
Flush and refill as required
Engine RPM should not exceed 2000 speed as
indicated on the tractor tachom eter
Restriction in H ydraulic
System
Identified by a concentration of heat due to
crim ped hydraulic line, relief valve failure or
contam ination.
Relief Valve Set too low
Internal Leakage due to
wear
Test and adjust or replace as required
Test pum p and m otor. Replace or repair as
required
Excessive Pum p or Motor
W ear
Test pum p and m otor. Replace or repair as
required
W rong Oil
Abusive Operation (Heavy
Material or debris)
Flush and refill as required with proper oil
Operator training
Cutting head "Plowing" in
Ground
Operator Error, Operator Training
Operator Traveling Too
Fast
Operator Error, Operator Training
Deck Cracks
Deck W orn On
Underside (Cutting
Head Only)
Hydraulic System Noise
(Squeal)
Hydraulic System
Overheating
Boom Breaks Back Too
Easily
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Operation Section 4-47
OPERATION
Problem
OPERATION
Problem
OPERATION
Motor Inoperative
(Won't Run)
Motor Overheating
Possible Cause
Fill or replace as required
Improper Oil Used
Solenoid valve Failure or
O-ring Failure at the
Solenoid Valve
No voltage to Solenoid
Valve
Incorrect Wiring at
Solenoid valve
flush and replace the oil
Remove the solenoid valve and inspect.
Replace as required
Spindle Locked up
Check by spinning blades. See Section on
spindle failures
Fill or replace as required
Flush and fill as required
Locate the source and repair. Flush and fill the
oil as required
Tractor must be operated at the 540PTO speed
as indicated on the tachometer
Operator abuse
Oil Level Too Low
Incorrect Oil Used
Air in Oil
Engine RPM too high
Excessive ground speed
for mowing conditions
Excessive ground contact
with blades
Internal leakage in pump
or motor
Relief valve malfunction
Restrictions in the system
Motor Shaft Seal
Leaking
Excessive Back Pressure
on return side of the
motor.
Incorrect oil used
Shaft Seal worn
Failed Seal Retainer
Defective Motor Flange
casting
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Remedy
Low Oil level or No Oil
Check harness connections, fuses and wires
Wrong plug installed (Maverick and Machete).
Timbercat harness plug used in place of Other
mower plug. Reconnect with proper plug
Operator abuse
Test to confirm. Repair or replace as required
Test relief valve setting. Adjust or replace as
required
Identified by concentration of heat, due to Line
restriction bent hoses or contamination.
Due to bent fittings or crimped hoses. Inspect
the system and repair as required
Replace with correct oil.. Flush and fill
Due to heat from the spindle or failure of
spindle components. Check spindle section
Manufacturing defect. Consult customer
service for proper repair or replacement
Manufacturing defect. Consult customer
service for proper repair or replacement
Operation Section 4-48
OPERATION
Problem
Motor Runs Too Slow
(or Slows Down Under
Load)
Motor Stops (Stops
under Load)
Possible Cause
Remedy
Pump Drive Damaged
Logic Valve O-ring Failure
(Gear Systems)
Damaged O-ring on
Solenoid Valve
Pump Worn or Defective
Motor Damaged or
defective
Check drive shaft attachment to the tractor
Remove logic valves and inspect seals.
Replace as required
Remove solenoid valve. Replace seals as
required.
Test to confirm, Repair or replace as required
Confirm Pump is Working correctly, Check that
spindle is not locking up, Replace or repair the
motor as required
Incorrect Oil in System
Flush and fill with proper oil per the
specifications
Locate the source of the air intake and fix.
Flush and fill the oil as required
Operator Abuse
Engine RPM too slow
Excessive Ground Speed
for Mowing Conditions
Pump Seizure (Pump
Locks Up)
Pump Wear (Rapid
Excessive Wear)
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Excessive Internal
Leakage in pump/motor
Low Relief Valve Setting
Confirm with pressure/flow test and replace or
repair as required
Check the Setting using a pressure/flow meter
with a restrictor valve. Adjust or replace as
needed
Restrictions in the system
Identified by a concentration of heat due to
crimped hydraulic line, relief valve failure or
contamination.
Lack of Oil
Repair or replace the pump or motor. Fill the
oil to the correct level and check for leaks
Inadequate or lack of pump
Prime during initial start up.
Pumps must be properly primed prior to initial
startup. Consult the Technical Service manual
or contact Customer Service for proper
procedures
Improper assembly
Pump may have been reassembled incorrectly
by the dealer following a prior failure. Rebuild
or replace
Contamination
Contaminants in the system will damage the
components. Repair or replace the affected
components, then flush and refill with clean oil.
Inspect the tank for debris.
Defective Pump
Confirm defect with customer service and
replace
Operation Section 4-49
OPERATION
Air in the oil
Tractor must be operated at the 540PTO speed
as indicated on the tachometer
OPERATION
Problem
OPERATION
Spindle Leaking At
Motor
Spindle Leaking
Around Bottom Seal
Spindle Leaking At
Relief Vent
Spindle Overheating
Spindle Shaft Loose or
Falls Out
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Possible Cause
Due to Motor Seal Failure
(hydraulic Oil leak)
Motor Loose or bolts
missing
Gasket torn due to
movement of motor on
spindle flange
Excessive Backpressure in
Spindle
Remedy
See section on motor seal failure and repair as
needed
Bolts should be checked every 8 hrs. Loss of
torque will result in seal failure and leakage
See above
Remove the Spindle vent plug and check for
clogs or contamination.
Seal Damaged due to
Debris
Bearings Loose
Replace as required. Check for damaged or
missing seal guard
Disassemble the Spindle and inspect the
bearings for damage. Re-assemble and
properly pre-load the bearings based on the
technical service manual.
Seal blown out due to
excessive back pressure
Remove the Spindle vent plug and check for
clogs or contamination.
Relief fitting installed in the
fill hole (wrong hole)
Install the vent in the top most hole or even
with the top of the top bearing race. The lower
hole is the fill hole and should have a grease
zerk or plug installed.
Spindle Overfilled
Overfilling will result in the lubricating oil being
expelled from the vent.
Fill lubricant until it can be seen in the top most
(vent plug) hole.
Low Grease Level in the
spindle
Excessive Bearing Preload
Disassemble the spindle and inspect the
bearings for wear. Re-assemble following the
bearing pre-load specifications in the Technical
Service Manual.
Blade bar bolts are too
long
Installing the incorrect bolts (too long) for the
blade carrier will allow the bolts to contact the
lower bearing and will lock up the spindle.
Install the correct bolts.
Bearing Pre-load adjusting
nut and/or lock nut failure
Locking washers are provided to retain the preload lock nut in place. Improper installation of
the washer and locking mechanism will allow
the lock nuts to back off. Re-assemble
following the recommended procedures
Bearing cups or cones not
installed properly
Disassemble and check for wear. Follow
reassembly procedures indicated in the
Technical Service Manual
Severe upper bearing
failure.
Usually due to lack of lube. Replace the
bearing(s) and make sure the spindle is
properly filled. Also check for leakage and
repair as needed.
Operation Section 4-50
OPERATION
Possible Cause
Remedy
Spindle Locks Up
(Seizes and Won't Turn)
Loss of lubrication in
spindle
Excessive bearing preload
Indicated by catastrophic failure of the upper
bearing. See the previous section
Disassemble the spindle and inspect the
bearings for wear. Re-assemble following the
bearing pre-load specifications in the Technical
Service Manual.
Blade bar bolts too long
Installing the incorrect bolts (too long) for the
blade carrier will allow the bolts to contact the
lower bearing and will lock up the spindle.
Install the correct bolts.
Interference due to bent
seal protector
W ire harness incorrectly
installed
Inspect the seal guard ring (welded to the blade
carrier or bar) Replace or repair as needed.
Check harness attachment to the ignition
switch and to the battery. Also, check for
proper ground.
On/Off switch malfunction
Inspect to ensure power to switch is interrupted
when the switch is in the off position
Short to ground in wire
harness
Inspect for damage or heat stress to the
harness. Check for shorted wires or melted
insulation. Check proper connection to the
ignition switch and battery.
Test the battery and replace per the tractor
manufacturers recommendation
Starter on Tractor Won't
Crank
Tractor Battery Dead or
Low (Continuous Power
Draining)
Battery failure
Tractor issues
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Follow tractor manufacturer recommendations
for troubleshooting electrical problems with the
tractor.
Operation Section 4-51
OPERATION
Problem
MAINTENANCE SECTION
Maintenance Section 5-1
©2019 Alamo Group Inc.
MAINTENANCE
MAINTENANCE
HAZARDS WITH MAINTENANCE OF IMPLEMENT
AVOID DEATH OR SERIOUS INJURY FROM COMPONENT FAILURE BY KEEPING IMPLEMENT IN
GOOD OPERATING CONDITION BY PERFORMING PROPER SERVICE, REPAIRS AND
MAINTENANCE.
BEFORE PERFORMING SERVICE, REPAIRS AND MAINTENANCE ON THE IMPLEMENT:
•
STOP ENGINE AND PTO, engage parking brake, lower implement, allow all moving parts to stop and remove key before
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
dismounting from tractor.
PLACE implement on ground or securely block up raised equipment. Use large blocks on soft or wet soil.
PUSH and PULL Remote Hydraulic Cylinder lever to relieve hydraulic pressure.
DISCONNECT Pump solenoid valve or PTO driveline connection before servicing mower head.
WEAR SAFETY GLASSES with side shields (marked with ANSI Z87), PROTECTIVE GLOVES and follow SAFETY
PROCEDURES when performing service, repairs and maintenance on the implement:
Always WEAR protective GLOVES when handling blades, knives, cutting edges or worn component with sharp edges.
Always WEAR GLOVES and SAFETY GLASSES with side shields (marked with ANSI Z87) when servicing hot
components.
AVOID CONTACT with hot hydraulic oil tanks, pumps, motors, valves and hose connection surfaces.
SECURELY support or BLOCK UP raised implement, framework and lifted components before working underneath equipment.
FOLLOW INSTRUCTIONS in maintenance section when replacing hydraulic cylinders to prevent component falling.
STOP any implement movements and SHUT-OFF TRACTOR engine before doing any work procedures.
USE ladder or raised stands to reach high equipment areas inaccessible from ground.
ENSURE good footing by standing on solid flat surfaces when getting on implement to perform work.
FOLLOW manufacturer's instructions in handling oils, solvents, cleansers, and other chemical agents.
DO NOT change any factory-set hydraulic cal brations to avoid component or equipment failures.
DO NOT modify or alter implement, functions or components.
DO NOT WELD or repair rotating mower components. These may cause vibrations and component failures being thrown from
mower.
PERFORM SERVICE, REPAIRS, LUBRICATION AND MAINTENANCE OUTLINED IN IMPLEMENT MAINTENANCE
SECTION:
•
INSPECT for loose fasteners, worn or broken parts, leaky or loose fittings, missing or broken cotter keys and washers on pins, and
all moving parts for wear.
•
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REPLACE any worn or broken parts with authorized service parts.
•
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Inspect blade carrier and blades daily.
Check blade and blade carrier BOLT TORQUE daily. Loose bolts can cause blade or blade bolt failures.
REPLACE, bent, damage, cracked and broken blades immediately with new blades.
AVOID blade failures and thrown broken blades. DO NOT straighten, weld, or weld hard-facing blades.
•
in place and in good condition.
REPLACE any missing, broken or worn safety shields, guards and safety devices.
Inspect mower blade spindle to ensure bearing pre-load. If loose repair before operating.
LUBRICATE unit as specified by lubrication schedule
NEVER lubricate, adjust or remove material while it is running or in motion.
TORQUE all bolts and nuts as specified.
BLADE INSPECTION:
SAFETY SHIELDS, GUARDS AND SAFETY DEVICES INSPECTION:
•
KEEP all Deflectors, Chain Guards, Steel Guards, Gearbox Shields, and PTO integral shields, Bands, Side Skirts and Skid Shoes
Cancer and Reproductive Harm www.P65Warnings.ca.gov.
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Maintenance Section 5-2
PN HMBM-01
MAINTENANCE
PARTS INFORMATION
SEE YOUR BUSH HOG DEALER
LUBRICATION INFORMATION
General
Refer to the lubrication diagram and grease daily all the points shown.
1. Power take-off shaft - The PTO shaft should be regularly examined to ensure that it is in good condition
together with the guards. The universal joints should be greased very sparingly, i.e., one shot a week.
NOTE: Overgreasing a universal joint will blow out the cork or neoprene sealing rings that exclude the dirt from
the needle bearing inside.
2.
The two halves of the plastic guard should be checked daily to ensure that they can spin freely on the
shaft. The nylon slip rings which support the guard on the drive shaft should be lightly greased at weekly
intervals.
3.
The telescoping drive shaft should be similarly separated and grease applied to the internal shaft at
approximately 100 hour intervals.
4.
Your Boom uses greased bushings that need lubrication, and with proper lubrication should last the lifetime
of the machine.
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Maintenance Section 5-3
MAINTENANCE
PARTS INFORMATION
Bush Hog mowers use balanced and matched system components for blade carriers, blades, cuttershafts,
knives, knife hangers, rollers, drivetrain components, and bearings. These parts are made and tested to Bush
Hog specifications. Non-genuine "will fit" parts do not consistently meet these specifications. The use of “will
fit” parts may reduce mower performance, void warranties, and present a safety hazard. Use genuine Bush
Hog mower parts for economy and safety. (SPBH-1)
MAINTENANCE
MAINTENANCE
PTO SHAFT
Regularly check the PTO guards for damage and ensure the anti rotation chains are in place and that their
anchor points are in good condition.
Make sure the PTO shield, integral driveline shields, and input shields
are installed when using PTO-driven equipment. Always replace any
shield if it is damaged or missing. (S3PT-8)
KEEP AWAY FROM ROTATING ELEMENTS to prevent entanglement
and possible serious injury or death. (SG-24)
PTO LUBRICATION
Lubricate the shaft at the points shown below at the intervals indicated using N.L.G.I. #2 Grease.
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Maintenance Section 5-4
MAINTENANCE
Always disconnect the main PTO Driveline from the Tractor before performing service on
the Implement. Never work on the Implement with the tractor PTO driveline connected and
running. Rotating Parts, or Drivelines could turn without warning and cause immediate
entanglement, injury or death. (S3PT-11)
1.
Separate the two PTO half shafts from one another.
2.
Loosen the three screws on driveline shield.
3.
Remove the three screws for each shaft half.
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Maintenance Section 5-5
MAINTENANCE
CUTTING PTO SHAFT
MAINTENANCE
MAINTENANCE
4.
Separate the shafts from the shields
5.
Cut the calculated length off both male and
female shaft halves to give the required PTO
length.
6.
De-burr the ends of the cut shafts.
7.
Cut the same length off both shield halves as
cut from the shafts.
8.
Slide the shafts into the shields. Replace the three screws and secure. Reassemble both shaft halves
together.
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Maintenance Section 5-6
MAINTENANCE
P.T.O. GEARBOX
The gearbox oil should be changed every working year or at 600 hour intervals, whichever occurs first. On level
ground gearbox should be filled until oil is visibly level with the lip of the filler plug aperture. Do not attempt to fill
by removing the breather as the depth of tapped thread in the casing at this point is insufficient to allow
repeated loosening an tightening of the breather plug.
The gearbox capacity is 1-1/2 pints of Multi-Purpose Gear Oil P/N 00786250
Oil Supply
Check daily the oil level in the reservoir. No fixed time period can be quoted for oil changes as operating
conditions and maintenance standards vary so widely. Burnt and scorched oil odors and the oil darkening and
thickening are all signs of oxidation and indicate the oil should be changed.
Moisture which results from condensation can become entrapped in the oil and cannot be removed by filtration
so that contamination is a progressive factor.
Contamination can be reduced by:
1. Cleaning off around the reservoir cap before removal, and keeping that area clean.
2. Using clean containers when replenishing the system.
3. Regular servicing of the filtration system.
Filtration Maintenance
A 125-micron suction strainer and a low-pressure 10-micron full flow return line filter protect the machine.
Suction strainer
The strainer is permanently fixed within the reservoir.
Should symptoms of pump cavitation or spongy intermittent operation occur the tank must be drained and
flushed out with a suitable cleaning agent e.g. clean diesel oil.
Return Line Filter
The elements should be changed after the first 50 hours and thereafter at 500-hour intervals. It is important to
note hours worked because if the filter becomes blocked an internal by-pass within the canister will operate
and no symptoms of filter malfunction will occur to jog your memory.
HYDRAULIC HOSES
The condition of all hoses should be carefully checked during routine service of the machine. Hoses that have
been chafed or damaged on their outer casing should be securely wrapped with waterproof adhesive tape to
stop the metal braid from rusting. Hoses that have been suffered damage to the metal braid should be changed
at the earliest opportunity.
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Maintenance Section 5-7
MAINTENANCE
HYDRAULIC SYSTEM
MAINTENANCE
Hose Replacement
1. Replace one hose at a time to avoid the risk of wrong connections.
2. When the hose is screwed to an additional fitting or union, use a second wrench on the union to avoid
breaking both seals.
MAINTENANCE
3. Do not use joint compound on the threads.
4. Avoid twisting the hose. Adjust the hose line to ensure freedom from rubbing or trapping before tightening
hose end connections.
Before changing hoses, study the installation. These are carefully calculated to prevent hose damage during
operation. Always replace hoses in exactly the same manner. This is especially important for the flail hoses
where they must be crossed, upper to lower, at the dipper and head pivots. The 90 degree elbows at the head
bracket must point directly across the pivot and the hoses must have no slack at this point.
Two hoses clips are provided at either end of the large bore suction and return hoses. These should be
positioned so that their worm drive barrels are opposed at 180 degrees to reduce the possibility of air entering
the system. A stop tap is provided to enable the suction hose to be changed without draining the tank.
Hose Warranty
Warranty is limited to replacement of hoses which have failed due to faulty materials of manufacture. Warranty
will not be considered on hoses that have suffered damage by abrasion, cuts or being pinched or trapped while
in work. Neither will a claim be considered where a hose end has been damaged by a blow or where the
threads or unions have been damaged by overtightening.
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©2019 Alamo Group Inc.
Maintenance Section 5-8
MAINTENANCE
CABLES
The cables operate on a push/pull system with the spool centering springs always returning the spool to the
neutral position when the handle is released.
Care should be taken during installation and operation to ensure that the cables are not trapped or kinked. Any
abrasion or damage to the outer casing should be sealed with plastic insulation tape to avoid moisture
penetrating.
Do not lubricate the cables which are assembled with a special lubricant during
manufacture.
NOTE: Be careful in determining the correct cable connections on both the control unit and the valve in the
event of cable replacement.
HOSE CONNECTIONS
Main Control Valve
1.
Supply
2.
Return
3.
Lift Base
4.
Lift Gland
5.
Reach Base
6.
Reach Gland
7.
Angle Base
8.
Angle Gland
9.
Breakaway Cylinder
Cylinder Rod Maintenance
It is important to visually inspect the hydraulic cylinder rods daily before use. It is highly recommended that
while the machine is stored or getting very little use that a protectant is applied to the hydraulic cylinder rods to
prevent degradation. If the machine receives more frequent use, be sure to fully cycle each cylinder function so
that the cylinder rod is coated by the systems hydraulic fluid. Depending on your operating environment it may
be necessary, under normal operating conditions, to apply a protective lubricant to the cylinder rods for
protection against rust and pitting. Hydraulic fluid may provide a suitable amount of protection, but remember
any protectant can attract dust and debris so attention must be given to the cylinder rods daily. Also remember
that any other protectant must be compatible with hydraulic fluid. Bush Hog is not responsible for rust or pitting
of the cylinder rod due to weather exposure or impacts from normal operation or mounting. If hydraulic
cylinders and or the cylinder rods are damaged as a result of the rods rusting or pitting, the hydraulic cylinders
and rods will not be covered under warranty by Bush Hog.
RMB 1445 06/19
©2019 Alamo Group Inc.
Maintenance Section 5-9
MAINTENANCE
No routine adjustment of the cables are necessary as they do not stretch. The threaded collar is correctly
adjusted when the lever is in a vertical position in its housing allowing an equal amount of travel in either
direction.
MAINTENANCE
Boom Cylinder Removal and Replacement Instructions
1.
2.
MAINTENANCE
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
Clear the area of all personnel before lowering the boom mower head.
From the tractor seat with your seat belt fastened around you, Lower the boom mower head to the ground.
Extend the boom to the furthest reach and lower the mower head flat on the ground. DO NOT attempt to
replace the cylinders with the boom in the raised or transport position.
Shut off the tractor, engage the parking brake, place the tractor transmission in the park position, and
remove the key before dismounting.
Allow the system to cool to room temperature before removing any hydraulic components.
Wear Safety glasses and impenetrable gloves when working with hydraulic hoses and fittings.
Release all oil pressure from the hydraulic circuit by manually stroking each valve section with the tractor
engine off. Utilize the Manual Override function if the unit is equipped with an electric over hydraulic valve.
Utilize blocks, jack stands or a suitable over head hoist to support the weight of the boom section and
remove pressure form the cylinder mounting pins.
Check to see that the cylinder to be replaced is not under pressure by moving the cylinder pins by hand.
The pins should be loose and should slide form the pin bore easily. If the pins are tight and cannot be
moved, the cylinder may be under pressure. Make sure the boom components are properly supported and
that the pressure is relived from the circuit.
Cylinder assemblies are heavy and can fall when the pins are removed. Support the hydraulic cylinder with
a suitable hoist or jack.
Slowly loosen the hydraulic connections to the cylinder. Carefully unscrew hose fitting and allow any
remaining pressure to bleed off. Use Extreme Care. Oil must be cool, and the technician should stand to
the side to prevent exposure to any hydraulic oil. Always consult the Material Safety Data Sheet and wear
any required Personal Protective Equipment. A catch pan may be required to retain any spilled oil.
Cap both ends of the fitting with suitably sized metal caps.
Remove the cylinder pins starting with the ROD end cylinder pin. Make sure the cylinder is properly
supported, and remove the base end cylinder pin. The cylinder may be heavy, use proper lifting techniques
to lift and handle the cylinder. If needed, get assistance from another person to safely lift the cylinder from
the machine.
Measure the distance between the cylinder pin holes and extend the new cylinder the correct length prior
to attempting an installation.
Install the new cylinder in place and install both cylinder pins and retaining hardware.
Remove the metal caps, and re-install the hydraulic hoses.
Check the hydraulic reservoir of the boom mower to ensure there is sufficient oil. Follow the manufactures
recommendations for proper oil type and filtering techniques and requirements to add oil to the system.
Clear the area of all persons prior to starting the tractor.
Consult the Operator's Manual for instruction in regard to the proper operating procedure.
From the tractor seat, with the seat belt fastened, operate the boom to ensure proper operation of the
boom function.
From the tractor seat, with the seat belt fastened, operate the boom controls to fully extend and retract the
new cylinder several times to purge any trapped air from the system.
From the tractor seat, with the seat belt fastened, look for signs of and oil leak. If an oil leak is observed,
shut the tractor down and follow the steps to remove pressure from the hydraulic circuit. Identify the source
of the leak, and resolve the issue.
Upon completion of the required repairs, return to Step # 16 to recheck the cylinder for proper operation.
RMB 1445 06/19
©2019 Alamo Group Inc.
Maintenance Section 5-10
MAINTENANCE
Hydraulic Component Maintenance Schedule
Mower Blades Replace (INSPECT DAILY)
Blade Bolts Replace (INSPECT DAILY)
Blade Bar Assembly Replace
Spindle Lube Replacement (INSPECT DAILY)
Spindle Bearing Pre-load Inspection
Mower Debris Guard Inspect/Replace
Pivot Point Lubrication
King Pin Bearing Replacement
Pivot Pin Bearing replacement (Steel)
Pivot Pin Bearing Replacement (Fiber)
Inspect Operation And Safety Decals Replace
when faded, torn or missing.
Hours of Operation
800 1000 1200 1400
200
400
600
1600
1800
2000
2200
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
Inspect
Replace
Inspect
Inspect
Inspect
Inspect
Inspect
Inspect
Inspect
Inspect
Inspect
Inspect
Inspect
Inspect
Inspect
Daily
Daily
Daily
Daily
Daily
Daily
Daily
Daily
Daily
Daily
Daily
Daily
Daily
Daily
Daily
Daily
Daily
Daily
Daily
Daily
Daily
Daily
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
Installation
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
Daily
Daily
Daily
Daily
Daily
Daily
Daily
Daily
Daily
Daily
Daily
Daily
Installation
X
Installation
X
Installation
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
Repeat the Maintenance Schedule based on the hours indicated for the life of the machine
PROPER TORQUE FOR FASTENERS
The chart lists the correct tightening torque for fasteners. When bolts are to be tightened or replaced, refer to
this chart to determine the grade of bolts and the proper torque except when specific torque values are
assigned in manual text.
RECOMMENDED TORQUE IN FOOT POUNDS UNLESS OTHERWISE STATED IN THE MANUAL*
NOTE: These values apply to fasteners as received from supplier, dry or when lubricated with normal engine
oil. They do not apply if special graphitic or molydisulphide greases or other extreme pressure lubricants are
used. This applies to both UNF fine and UNC coarse threads.
RMB 1445 06/19
©2019 Alamo Group Inc.
Maintenance Section 5-11
MAINTENANCE
Component
Installation
X
Pump Drive Shaft Check and Lubricate
X
Pump Mounting Bolt torque check (Inspect Daily)
Installation
Charge Pump Filter
Installation
Pressure Filter to the Control Valve
Installation
Return Canister Filter Element
Installation
Hydraulic Oil Change
X
Hydraulic Oil Particle Count Testing
Installation
Hydraulic Tank Breather Filter
Installation
Hydraulic Tank Suction Screen
Installation
Hydraulic Hose Inspec ion/Replacement
Daily
Cooling Fan Clean and Inspect
Daily
Check Hydraulic Fluid Level (Inspect Daily)
MAINTENANCE
MAINTENANCE
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©2019 Alamo Group Inc.
Maintenance Section 5-12
MAINTENANCE
FLAILHEAD
Frequently inspect the rotor assembly for damaged or missing flails. Bolts and nuts securing the flails to the
rotor should be regularly checked and kept tight. The correct torque setting for these locknuts is 135 Nm
(100 lbs/ft.). Use only the correct flail bolt and locking nut. Check the flail pivot bushes for possible damage
or wear. They do not require oil.
2.
Do not attempt to run the rotor with flails missing. Imbalance will cause severe vibration and can rapidly
damage the rotor shaft bearings. As an emergency measure, if a flail is broken off or lost, remove another
on the opposite site of the rotor to retain balance. Always replace flails in opposite pairs and never match
up a new flail with a resharpened one which will of course be lighter.
3.
Blunt flails absorb a lot of power and leave an untidy finish to work. They should be sharpened on a
grindstone or with a portable grinder periodically.
4.
Wear protective gear when sharpening flails.
5.
Ensure that the bearing housings and hydraulic mounting nuts and bolts are kept tight. They should be
checked during servicing.
RMB 1445 06/19
©2019 Alamo Group Inc.
Maintenance Section 5-13
MAINTENANCE
1.
MAINTENANCE
Flail Blades Inspection
MAINTENANCE
Inspect the Blades daily for abnormal wear. REPLACE ALL BLADES on the carrier
IMMEDIATELY if any blades have:
• Become bent or deformed from its original shape, or
• Wear inside the blade bolt hole, or
• Any cracks are visible, or
• Deep gouges in the blade’s surface are present, or
• Gouges or chipped areas in the cutting edge are larger than 1/4”(8mm), or
• The material on the leading edge has been worn away by more than 1/4”(8mm)
DO NOT straighten, sharpen, weld or hard-face blades
Failure to replace worn or damaged blades may lead to catastrophic failure of the blades and ejection of the
broken part with tremendous force which may cause serious bodily injury or death.
Always replace blades in sets
•
•
Blades that are damaged may indicate severe service or abuse. If one blade is worn or damaged other
blades on the same shaft will have been subjected to the same severe service or abuse.
The Flail rotor turns at speeds exceeding 2000 RPM and is dynamically balanced at the factory.
Differences in blade weight between used blades with loss of material from gouges or wear as compared
to new blades can cause severe vibration and damage to the Flail rotor. Always replace blades as
complete sets.
Use only genuine Bush Hog replacement blades and fasteners. Other blades and fasteners
may not meet the Bush Hog requirements and could fail during operation resulting in part
being thrown out from under the mower.
Never attempt to sharpen blades.
RMB 1445 06/19
©2019 Alamo Group Inc.
OPS-U-0046
Maintenance Section 5-14
MAINTENANCE
Blade Pins and D-Ring Inspection
Blade Pins and D-Rings daily for wear or damage as follows:
Inspect the Blade pins and D-Rings daily for abnormal wear. Make sure the cotter pins are
in place and properly spread. REPLACE BLADE Pins and D-Rings IMMEDIATELY if they
have:
If the cotter pins are broken by contact with other flail blades, remove the pin and reverse
the direction the pin is inserted through the D-Ring so that the cotter pin is on the opposite
side of the D-Ring. This will prevent the next set of blades from swinging back and hitting
the cotter pin. OPS-U-0045
RMB 1445 06/19
©2019 Alamo Group Inc.
Maintenance Section 5-15
MAINTENANCE
• Visible cracks or
• If a Pin or D-Ring has visible worn areas, or
• If a Pin or D-Ring has gouges or chipped areas
Failure to replace abnormally worn pins or D-Rings may lead to catastrophic failure and ejection of the broken
part which may cause serious bodily injury or death.
Always replace the pins and D-Rings whenever excessive wear is noticed.
MAINTENANCE
Flail Axe Blades Inspection
MAINTENANCE
Inspect the Blades daily for abnormal wear. REPLACE ALL BLADES on the carrier
IMMEDIATELY if any blades have:
•
•
•
•
•
•
Become bent or deformed from its original shape, or
Oval shape wear inside the blade bolt hole, or
Any cracks are visible, or
Deep gouges in the blade’s surface are present, or
Gouges or chipped areas in the cutting edge are larger than 1/4”(8mm), or
The material on the leading edge has been worn away by more than 1/4”(8mm)
Failure to replace worn or damaged blades may lead to catastrophic failure of the blades and ejection of the
broken part with tremendous force which may cause serious bodily injury or death.
Always replace blades in sets
•
•
Blades that are damaged may indicate severe service or abuse. If one blade is worn or damaged other
blades on the same shaft will have been subjected to the same severe service or abuse.
The Flail Axe rotor turns at speeds exceeding 2000 RPM and is dynamically balanced at the factory.
Differences in blade weight between used blades with loss of material from gouges or wear as compared
to new blades can cause severe vibration and damage to the Flail Axe rotor. Always replace blades as
complete sets.
Use only genuine Bush Hog replacement blades, blade bolts and fasteners. Other blades
and bolts may not meet the requirements of Bush Hog and fail during operation resulting in
part failing and being thrown out from under the mower.
Never attempt to sharpen blades.
RMB 1445 06/19
©2019 Alamo Group Inc.
OPS-U-0049
Maintenance Section 5-16
MAINTENANCE
Flail Axe Blade Bolt Inspection
Inspect Blade Bolts daily for wear or damage as follows:
Inspect the Blade Bolt daily for abnormal wear. REPLACE ALL BLADE BOLTS on the
carrier IMMEDIATELY if any bolts have:
Visible cracks or
If the blade bolt is worn or any recessed area is visible on the bolt, or
If Blade Bolt has gouges or chipped areas. or
If Bushing fits loose in the Rotor Shaft.
Failure to replace abnormally worn bolts or bushings may lead to catastrophic failure of the blades and
ejection of the broken part which may cause serious bodily injury or death.
Always replace Blade Bolts with new bolts and new bushings whenever replacing the Blades. To tighten bolts
and nuts, first apply thread lock to nut. Make sure to tighten bolts and nuts just enough to allow the blades to
swing freely, and not bend the cuttershaft lugs. If cuttershaft lugs are bent together because of over tightening
the blades will not swing freely. OPS-U-0043
RMB 1445 06/19
©2019 Alamo Group Inc.
Maintenance Section 5-17
MAINTENANCE
•
•
•
•
SEGURIDAD
SEGURIDAD
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SEGURIDAD
SEGURIDAD
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SEGURIDAD
SEGURIDAD
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SEGURIDAD
SEGURIDAD
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SEGURIDAD
SEGURIDAD
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SEGURIDAD
SEGURIDAD
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SEGURIDAD
SEGURIDAD
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SEGURIDAD
SEGURIDAD
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© 2019 Alamo Group Inc.
SEGURIDAD
SEGURIDAD
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© 2019 Alamo Group Inc.
SEGURIDAD
SEGURIDAD
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SEGURIDAD
SEGURIDAD
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SEGURIDAD
SEGURIDAD
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SEGURIDAD
Descripción de Calcomanía
SEGURIDAD
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© 2019 Alamo Group Inc.
SEGURIDAD
INFORMACIÓN DE PARTES
SEGURIDAD
INFORMACIÓN DE PARTES
Las cortadoras BUSH HOG usan balanciadas y componentes de systema seleccionado para los portadores
de cuchillas, cuchillas, eje de cortar, navaja, suspensiones de navajas, los rodillos, los componentes de línea
motriz, y cojinetes. Estas partes son echas y probadas a la especificaciones de BUSH HOG. Partes que no
son auténticas no regularmente llegan con estas especificaciones. El uso de partes que no son auténticas
puede reducir el funcionamiento de la cortadora, anular garantias, y presentar un peligro de seguridad. Use
partes de cortadora auténticas de BUSH HOG por economía y seguridad. (SPBH-1 SP)
CONTACTE A SU DISTRIBUIDOR BUSH HOG
NOTA: Si necessita un manual completamente en español por favor de ponerse en contacto a; Translations,
dirección 1502 E. Walnut Street Seguin, TX 78155; Fax: (830) 372-9529
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SEGURIDAD
SEGURIDAD
RIESGOS CON EL MANTENIMIENTO DEL IMPLEMENTO
MANTENGA LOS IMPLEMENTOS EN BUENAS CONDICIONES DE FUNCIONAMIENTO, A TRAVÉS DE UN
SERVICIO, REPARACIÓN O MANTENIMIENTO APROPIADO.
•
•
ANTES DE REALIZAR TAREAS DE SERVICIO, REPARACIÓN Y MANTENIMIENTO DEL IMPLEMENTO:
APAGUE EL MOTOR Y EL PTO, coloque el freno de mano, descienda el implemento, espere a que se detengan todas las partes móviles
y quite la llave antes de bajarse del tractor.
COLOQUE el implemento sobre el suelo o trabe de manera segura los equipos elevados. Utilice bloques grandes sobre suelo blando o
húmedo.
USE GAFAS DE SEGURIDAD y GUANTES PROTECTORES y siga todos los PROCEDIMIENTOS DE SEGURIDAD al realizar
tareas de servicio, reparación y mantenimiento sobre el implemento:
•
EMPUJE y JALE la palanca del Cilindro Hidráulico Remoto para l berar la presión hidráulica.
DESCONECTE la válvula de solenoide de la bomba o la conexión de la línea de conducción de la TDF de antes de reparar el cabezal de
•
•
la cortadora.
•
Siempre USE GUANTES protectores al manipular las hojas, cuchillas, bordes filosos o un componente desgastado con bordes filosos.
•
Siempre USE GUANTES y GAFAS DE SEGURIDAD al reparar componentes en caliente
•
EVITE EL CONTACTO con tanques de aceite hidráulico, bombas, motores, válvulas y superficies de conexión de mangueras calientes.
•
SUJETE FIRMEMENTE o TRABE EN POSICIÓN ELEVADA todos los implementos, bastidores y componentes elevados antes de
trabajar sobre los equipos que se encuentran debajo.
•
SIGA LAS INSTRUCCIONES de la sección de mantenimiento al reemplazar los cilindros hidráulicos para evitar la caída de
componentes.
•
DETENGA el movimiento de todos los implementos y APAGUE EL MOTOR DEL TRACTOR antes de realizar ninguna tarea.
•
USE una escalera o gradas elevadas para alcanzar áreas altas del equipo a las que no se pueda acceder desde la tierra.
•
ASEGÚRESE de estar bien apoyado sobre superficies sólidas planas al subirse al implemento para realizar tareas.
•
SIGA las instrucciones del fabricante sobre cómo manipular los lubricantes, solventes, limpiadores y otros agentes químicos.
•
NO cambie ninguna cal bración hidráulica de fábrica para evitar fallas de los componentes o equipos.
•
NO modifique o altere el implemento, las funciones o componentes.
•
NO SUELDE o repare los componentes de la cortadora. Esto puede causar vibraciones y fallas de los componentes que se desprendan de
la cortadora.
REALICE LAS TAREAS DE SERVICIO, REPARACIÓN, LUBRICACIÓN Y MANTENIMIENTO QUE SE DESCRIBEN EN LA SECCIÓN DE
MANTENIMIENTO DEL IMPLEMENTO:
INSPECCIONE el implemento para detectar sujeciones sueltas, partes gastadas o rotas, ajustes sueltos o con filtraciones, que los
•
pasadores tengan chavetas y arandelas, y las partes móviles para detectar el desgaste.
•
REEMPLACE todas las partes gastadas o rotas con repuestos autorizados.
•
Inspeccione el huso de la cuchilla de la cortadora para asegurar la carga previa de los rodamientos. Si está suelto, repárelo antes de operar.
LUBRIQUE la unidad tal como se especifica en el cronograma de lubricación.
•
•
NUNCA lubrique, ajuste o quite material mientras el equipo está en funcionamiento o movimiento.
AJUSTE todas las tuercas y pernos tal como se especifica.
•
INSPECCIÓN DE CUCHILLAS:
•
Inspeccione el soporte de la cuchilla y las cuchillas a diario.
•
Inspeccione el AJUSTE DE LOS PERNOS del soporte de la cuchilla y las cuchillas a diario. Los pernos sueltos pueden causar fallas de la
cuchilla o del perno de la cuchilla.
•
REEMPLACE las cuchillas dobladas, dañadas, agrietadas o rotas inmediatamente por cuchillas nuevas.
EVITE fallas de las cuchillas y que vuelen trozos de cuchillas. NO enderece, suelde o suelde con superficies rígidas.
•
INSPECCIÓN DE PROTECTORES DE SEGURIDAD, GUARDAS Y DISPOSITIVOS DE SEGURIDAD:
•
MANTENGA en su lugar y en buen estado todos los deflectores, protectores de cadena, protectores de acero, cubiertas de caja de
engranajes, cubiertas integrales de PTO, bandas, faldones laterales y zapatas antideslizantes.
Cáncer y daño reproductivo www.P65Warnings.ca.gov.
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SEGURIDAD
RIESGOS EN TRANSPORTE
SEGURIDAD
PARA EVITAR LESIONES GRAVES O LA MUERTE AL REMOLCAR O TRANSPORTAR EQUIPOS:
•
MANTENGA la velocidad de transporte POR DEBAJO DE 20 millas por hora para mantener el control del equipo.
•
REDUZCA LA VELOCIDAD en terreno inclinado, en las curvas y en condiciones de remolque desfavorables.
•
NO REMOLQUE camiones u otros vehículos
•
USE un tractor de tamaño adecuado y equipado en función del equipo de remolque.
•
SIGA todas las reglamentaciones de tránsito locales.
REQUISITOS DEL TRACTOR PARA REMOLCAR O TRANSPORTAR IMPLEMENTOS:
•
SÓLO TRANSPORTE en el tractor con el mecanismo ROPS (antivuelco) en posición elevada.
•
USE un tractor de tamaño adecuado y equipado, que supere el peso del implemento en al menos un 20%
•
MANTENGA EL 20% del peso del tractor en las ruedas frontales para mantener la dirección en forma segura.
ANTES DE TRANSPORTAR O REMOLCAR EL IMPLEMENTO:
INSPECCIÓN DEL TRACTOR:
•
VERIFIQUE la dirección y los frenos para asegurarse el correcto funcionamiento y las condiciones adecuadas.
•
VERIFIQUE LLEVAR EL AVISO DE SMV, los reflectores y las luces de advertencia para la adecuada operación y
visibilidad detrás de la unidad.
•
VERIFIQUE que no haya impedimentos a la visión mientras conduce, en el tractor, la cabina o el implemento,
sentado en el asiento del tractor.
•
AJUSTE su posición de conducción, los espejos y el transporte del implemento para tener una visión clara para
condiciones de conducción y tránsito.
PREPARE EL IMPLEMENTO PARA EL TRANSPORTE O EL REMOLQUE:
•
Guarde el brazo y la cortadora en posición de transporte y conecte las trabas de transporte si existen.
DETERMINAR LAS CARACTERÍSTICAS DE DETENCIÓN DEL TRACTOR Y EL IMPLEMENTO PARA EL
TRANSPORTE O REMOLQUE:
PRUEBAS DE FRENADO:
•
La distancia de frenado puede aumentar con el implemento conectado
•
Observe las distancias de DETENCIÓN con el aumento de velocidad.
•
DETERMINE la velocidad de transporte máxima segura que no supere las 20 millas por hora
•
Reduzca la velocidad en caminos mojados o cubiertos de hielo; las distancias de frenado aumentan.
DETERMINE LA VELOCIDAD DE GIRO MÁXIMA ANTES DE OPERAR EN CARRETERAS O TERRENO
IRREGULAR:
•
PONGA A PRUEBA el equipo aumentando lentamente la velocidad en las curvas para determinar si se puede
operar a mayor velocidad.
•
USE MENORES velocidades de giro en las curvas pronunciadas para evitar el vuelco.
AL REMOLCAR O TRANSPORTAR EL EQUIPO:
•
Siempre USE EL CINTURÓN DE SEGURIDAD al operar o transportar la cortadora.
•
USE bajas velocidades para evitar el vuelco con el implemento elevado.
•
USE bajas velocidades y dirección gradual en las curvas, colinas, o en superficies irregulares o poco uniformes, y en
carreteras mojadas.
•
ENCIENDA LAS BALIZAS DE ADVERTENCIA del tractor.
•
TENGA EN CUENTA el espacio necesario para el vaivén del implemento en las curvas.
MANTENGA le brazo y cortadora elevadas a 3 metros (10 pies) o una mayor distancia de todos los cables de
alimentación y obstrucciones elevadas.
PN THBM-01 SP
RBM 1445 06/19
Sección de Seguridad 1-13
© 2019 Alamo Group Inc.
SEGURIDAD
SEGURIDAD
RIESGOS ELÉCTRICOS Y DE FUEGO
PARA EVITAR LESIONES GRAVES O LA MUERTE POR CONTACTO ELÉCTRICO AL
TRABAJAR CERCA DE CABLES ELÉCTRICOS, LÍNEAS DE GAS Y DE SERVICIOS:
LLAME AL 811 y al 1-800-258-0808 para identificar cables de servicios subterráneos.
•
NO ponga en contacto la cortadora con ninguna estructura u obstrucción de servicios o municipales.
•
MANTENGA todas las alas elevadas a 3 metros (10 pies) o una mayor distancia de todos los cables de
alimentación y obstrucciones elevadas.
•
INSPECCIONE el área de corte para que no interfiera con cables de alimentación eléctricos
subterráneos, obstrucciones, líneas de gas, cables y servicios, estructuras municipales o de otro tipo.
•
PAUTAS DE PREVENCIÓN DE INCENDIOS durante la operación, reparación y servicio de la cortadora y el tractor,
a fin de reducir el riesgo de incendio del equipo y de la vegetación:
APAGUE EL MOTOR al cargar combustible
•
LIMPIE todo resto de hierba o residuo acumulado alrededor de las líneas de conducción de la cortadora,
los embragues deslizantes y cajas de cambios.
•
NO OPERE el equipo con filtraciones de aceite o combustible. Repare cualquier filtración de aceite y
retire el aceite acumulado antes de operar.
•
EVITE LA FORMACIÓN DE CHISPAS al no permitir que la hoja de la cortadora entre en contacto con
objetos sólidos como metal o roca.
•
NO CONDUZCA sobre residuos encendidos o en áreas recientemente quemadas
•
NO FUME ni acerque fuego directo a la cortadora o el tractor
•
NO OPERE la cortadora sobre un tractor equipado con escape debajo del bastidor
•
El tractor debe estar EQUIPADO CON MATAFUEGOS
•
RBM 1445 06/19
PN EFBM-01 SP
Sección de Seguridad 1-12
© 2019 Alamo Group Inc.
SEGURIDAD
RIESGO DE FILTRACION DE ACEITE HIDRÁULICO DE ALTA PRESIÓN
SEGURIDAD
PARA EVITAR LESIONES GRAVES O LA MUERTE POR PENETRACIÓN DE FILTRACIONES DE
ACEITE HIDRÁULICO DE ALTA PRESIÓN:
•
NO OPERE el equipo con filtraciones de aceite o combustible.
•
MANTENGA todas las mangueras hidráulicas, líneas y conexiones en BUEN ESTADO y AJUSTADAS antes de
aplicar presión al sistema.
•
LIBERE LA PRESIÓN HIDRÁULICA antes de desconectar las líneas o trabajar en el sistema.
•
QUITE y reemplace la manguera si sospecha que tiene filtraciones. Solicite al distribuidor que verifique si hay
filtraciones.
LAS FILTRACIONES DE LÍQUIDO DE ALTA PRESIÓN PUEDEN NO SER VISIBLES.
AL VERIFICAR FILTRACIONES HIDRÁULICAS Y TRABAJAR CERCA DE LOS SISTEMAS HIDRÁULICOS:
•
SIEMPRE USE gafas de seguridad y guantes impenetrables.
•
USE papel o cartón para verificar si hay filtraciones.
•
NO USE las manos o partes del cuerpo para detectar filtraciones.
•
MANTENGA las manos y el cuerpo LEJOS de los orificios de clavijas y boquillas de eyección de fluido hidráulico.
•
El fluido hidráulico puede causar gangrena si no es extirpado quirúrgicamente de inmediato por un médico
especializado en este tipo de lesiones..
Tenga cuidado cuando retire la tapa del tanque hidráulico.
•
Los contenidos del tanque pueden estar bajo presión.
•
Siempre permita que el aceite se enfríe antes de quitar la tapa.
•
Libere la presión de aceite antes de retirar la tapa lentamente.
•
Aléjese del aceite caliente que pueda rociarse desde el tanque. PN HPBM-01 SP
RBM 1445 06/19
Sección de Seguridad 1-11
© 2019 Alamo Group Inc.
SEGURIDAD
SEGURIDAD
RIESGO DEL CONTACTO A LAS CUCHILLAS DE CORTADORA
MANTÉNGASE LEJOS DE LAS CUCHILLAS GIRATORIAS PARA EVITAR LESIONES GRAVES
O LA MUERTE POR CONTACTO CON LA CUCHILLA:
•
•
•
•
•
MANTÉNGASE LEJOS y NO ACERQUE LAS MANOS, LOS PIES y EL CUERPO a las cuchillas giratorias, líneas
de conducción y partes hasta que todos los elementos móviles se hayan detenido.
NO ponga las manos o los pies debajo de las plataformas de la cortadora
DETENGA las CUCHILLAS giratorias, desconecte el interruptor de la cortadora y la TDF (PTO) y espere que la
cuchilla deje de girar antes de levantar el cabezal de la cortadora.
NO se acerque el cabezal de la cortadora de hoz hasta que el motor del tractor haya sido apagado.
DETENGA la cortadora, EXAMÍNELA Y PRESTE ATENCIÓN A LOS SONIDOS antes de acercarse a la cortadora
para asegurarse de que se haya detenido todo el movimiento giratorio. PN MBBM-01 SP
RBM 1445 06/19
Sección de Seguridad 1-10
© 2019 Alamo Group Inc.
SEGURIDAD
RIESGO DE ENREDO POR EL PTO
SEGURIDAD
MANTÉNGASE ALEJADO DE LAS LÍNEAS DE CONDUCCIÓN Y OTROS ELEMENTOS
GIRATORIOS PARA EVITAR LESIONES GRAVES O LA MUERTE:
MANTÉNGASE LEJOS y NO ACERQUE las manos, los pies y el cuerpo a las cuchillas giratorias, líneas de
conducción y partes hasta que todos los elementos móviles se hayan detenido.
•
•
DETENGA la cortadora, EXAMÍNELA Y PRESTE ATENCIÓN A LOS SONIDOS antes de acercarse a la cortadora
para asegurarse de que se haya detenido todo el movimiento giratorio.
LOS ELEMENTOS GIRATORIOS SIGUEN ROTANDO una vez apagada la PTO.
PROTECCIÓN DE LA PTO:
PARA EVITAR LESIONES GRAVES O LA MUERTE POR ENREDO AL OPERAR EL IMPLEMENTO:
•
•
•
•
MANTENGA instalados los protectores, las cubiertas integrales de las líneas de conducción y las cubiertas de
entrada
NO OPERE la cortadora si los protectores o cubiertas no están bien colocados o faltan.
REEMPLACE O REPÁRELOS si faltan, están dañados o rotos
SIEMPRE REEMPLACE LOS PROTECTORES que se han quitado para tareas de reparación o mantenimiento.
PARA EVITAR que la línea de conducción se rompa durante las operaciones:
•
•
•
•
•
•
VERIFIQUE que la línea de conducción tenga el largo adecuado entre el eje de PTO y el eje de la caja de cambios
del implemento.
Las líneas de conducción demasiado cortas se pueden soltar o romper.
Las líneas de conducción demasiado largas pueden tocar el suelo.
Un ensamblaje telescópico de la línea de conducción que toque el suelo no se deslizará y se solidificará.
Si la línea de conducción toca el suelo, puede atravesar los cojinetes de soporte y romper el eje de PTO.
EVITE hacer curvas pronunciadas o elevar la cortadora a alturas que puedan hacer caer la línea de conducción.
Lubrique los componentes telescópicos del eje de transmisión en forma semanal.
COMUNÍQUESE CON EL DISTRIBUIDOR si la línea de conducción del implemento no coincide con el eje de
PTO del tractor:
•
NO UTILICE UN ADAPTADOR DE PTO.
El uso de un adaptador de PTO puede causar vibración excesiva, caída de objetos, fallas de las cuchillas y el
implemento como consecuencia de la duplicación de la velocidad operativa. El aumento de la longitud de trabajo
puede exponer áreas desprotegidas de la línea de conducción. PN PE01 SP
RBM 1445 06/19
Sección de Seguridad 1-9
© 2019 Alamo Group Inc.
SEGURIDAD
SEGURIDAD
RIESGO DE ATROPELLO
PARA EVITAR LESIONES GRAVES O LA MUERTE POR CAÍDA DEL TRACTOR O
ATROPELLO DEL EQUIPO:
Cuando no esté cortando, coloque el brazo y el cabezal de la cortadora en el espacio de transporte antes
de moverse.
•
NUNCA LLEVE A OTRAS PERSONAS en el tractor o implemento.
•
SÓLO OPERE el tractor y el equipo sentado en el asiento del tractor.
•
SIEMPRE ABRÓCHESE el cinturón de seguridad al operar el tractor y los equipos.
•
SÓLO ENCIENDA el tractor sentado en el asiento del tractor.
•
MANTENGA EL SISTEMA ROPS trabado en posición vertical.
•
USE tractores equipados con SISTEMA ANTIVUELCO (ROPS) y CINTURONES DE SEGURIDAD para
las operaciones de corte.
•
AL SUBIR Y BAJAR DEL TRACTOR:
• APAGUE EL MOTOR Y LA TDF, coloque el freno de mano, descienda del implemento, espere a que se detengan todas las partes móviles y quite la llave antes de bajarse del tractor. PN ROBM-01 SP
•
• SÓLO suba o baje del tractor cuando éste y sus partes móviles estén detenidos.
•
RBM 1445 06/19
Sección de Seguridad 1-8
© 2019 Alamo Group Inc.
SEGURIDAD
RIESGO DE OBJECTOS LANZADOS Continuado
NO exceda la capacidad de corte nominal de la cortadora, ni corte elementos que no sean vegetación.
USE CABINAS DE TRACTOR CERRADAS cuando haya dos o más cortadoras operando en un mismo sector.
No opere la cortadora en áreas susceptibles al ataque de abejas o insectos, salvo que USE PRENDAS
PROTECTORAS o una cabina de tractor cerrada.
AJUSTE el cabezal de la cortadora paralelo al suelo y cerca de él sin exponer las cuchillas.
AJUSTE LA ALTURA de corte para EVITAR EL CONTACTO DE LAS CUCHILLAS con objetos sólidos,
como alambres, piedras, postes, cordones, guardarrailes y obstrucciones fijas.
CIERRE la puerta de la cortadora y detenga la operación si se acercan transeúntes a 100 metros (300 pies) a la
redonda de la cortadora.
Mantenga la puerta de la cortadora cerrada cuando corte cerca del suelo.
Abra la puerta sólo para cortar ramas grandes de arbustos o árboles. Cierre la puerta inmediatamente después de
cortar la rama.
NO empuje el cabezal de la cortadora hacia abajo sobre el material para cortarlo, use las puntas frontales de las
cuchillas de la cortadora para cortar el material.
NO opere la cortadora cuando la cortadora esté en posición de transporte.
DETENGA LA CORTADORA de inmediato si las cuchillas entran en contacto con objetos pesados, estructuras
fijas, guardarrailes de metal y estructuras de cemento:
SEGURIDAD
OPERACIÓN DE LA CORTADORA:
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•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
1. LAS CUCHILLAS PUEDEN FALLAR con el impacto y los objetos pueden ser arrojados a gran
velocidad.
2. INSPECCIONE y REEMPLACE las cuchillas dañadas.
3. VERIFIQUE el equilibrio del porta cuchillas y REEMPLÁCELO si está dañado.
NO opere la cortadora en agua PARA EVITAR una posible FALLA DE LAS CUCHILLAS.
EVITE OPERAR LA CORTADORA en reversa:
1. DETENGA EL PT O y retroceda la cortadora.
2. DESCIENDA la cortadora, encienda el PTO y corte hacia adelante.
DESCONECTE el cabezal de la cortadora y espere hasta que las CUCHILLAS dejen de rotar antes de levantar la
cortadora a la posición de transporte..
NO ENCIENDA EL PTO con la cortadora en posición de transporte.
DETENGA la cortadora cuando se produzca VIBRACIÓN EXCESIVA:
1. DETENGA EL PTO Y EL MOTOR del tractor.
2. INSPECCIONE la cortadora para detectar la fuente de la vibración
3. REEMPLACE toda parte dañada o las CUCHILLAS dobladas o dañadas.
RBM 1445 06/19
PN TOBM-02 SP
Sección de Seguridad 1-7
© 2019 Alamo Group Inc.
SEGURIDAD
SEGURIDAD
RIESGO DE OBJECTOS LANZADOS
LAS CORTADORAS GIRATORIAS PUEDEN ARROJAR OBJETOS A 90 METROS (300 PIES) O
MÁS EN CONDICIONES ADVERSAS.
PARA EVITAR LESIONES GRAVES O LA MUERTE AL OPERADOR O TRANSEÚNTES COMO CONSECUENCIA DE
OBJETOS ARROJADOS:
•
MANTENGA a los transeúntes a 100 metros de distancia (300 pies)
NO OPERE LA CORTADORA SI HAY PERSONAS A MENOS DE 100 METROS(300 PIES), SALVO QUE:
•
•
Todos los PROTECTORES CONTRA OBJETOS ARROJADOS estén colocados y en buen funcionamiento al operar la
cortadora, entre los que se incluyen los deflectores frontales y traseros, los protectores de cadena, los protectores de
acero, las bandas, los faldones laterales y las zapatas antideslizantes.
El Cabezal de la cortadora esta ajusta cerca y paralela al suelo, sin exponer las cuchillas.
•
Se ha inspeccionado el ÁREA DE CORTE y se han quitado todos los materiales extraños y residuos.
NO corte material suelto o cortado previamente si hay TRANSEÚNTES dentro de 100 metros a la redonda.
•
•
Los TRANSEÚNTES estén en el interior de un vehículo cerrado.
ANTES DE OPERAR LA CORTADORA, INSPECCIONE EL ÁREA PARA DETECTAR LA POSIBILIDAD DE
OBJETOSQUE PUEDAN SER LANZADOS:
•
QUITE residuos, piedras, cables, alambres, objetos metálicos y cualquier otro objetos extraños del área.
Los alambres, cables, sogas, cadenas y objetos metálicos pueden ser arrojados o salir desprendidos de la plataforma a gran velocidad:
•
No permita que las cuchillas de la cortadora entren en contacto con cadáveres de animales en descomposición o otros
materiales peligrosos. Las cuchillas de la cortadora podrían arrojar materiales peligrosos y biològicos de la cortadora,
exponiendo al operador y personas presentes a riesgos de salud. Siempre use el equipo de protección personal
(PPE) aprobado por OSHA cuando limpie o retire material potencialmente peligroso de equipo.
1. MARQUE los objetos que no se puedan quitar.
2. EVITE estos objetos cuando use la cortadora.
INSPECCIÓN DEL ÁREA PARA DETECTAR HIERBA ALTA Y MALEZAS:
INSPECCIONE Y QUITE cualquier residuo oculto de gran tamaño.
PASE LA CORTADORA a una altura intermedia
INSPECCIONE y quite el residuo restante
PASE LA CORTADORA a la altura final
PROTECCIÓN CONTRA OBJETOS ARROJADOS DE LA CORTADORA:
•
•
•
•
•
MANTENGA todos los protectores contra objetos arrojados en su lugar y en buen funcionamiento al operar la cortadora,
entre los que se incluyen los deflectores frontales y traseros, los protectores de cadena, los protectores de acero, las bandas, los faldones laterales y las zapatas antideslizantes.
NO OPERE LA CORTADORA si falta algún protector contra objetos arrojados, o si éstos están dañados.
DERECHO DE PASO (autopista) CON LA CORTADORA
•
•
•
Ninguna protección ofrece una eficacia del 100% en la prevención de objetos arrojados. Para reducir la posibilidad de que
se produzcan lesiones:
Detenga el corte si algún transeúnte se acerca a 100 metros (300 pies) a la redonda de la cortadora.
1. MANTENGA LOS PROTECTORES DE LA CORTADORA, los faldones laterales, la zapatas antideslizantes y
las cuchillas en buen estado de funcionamiento,
2. ELEVE LA ALTURA DE CORTE a 15 CM (6 PULGADAS) como mínimo,
3. INSPECCIONE EL ÁREA con cuidado antes de pasar la cortadora para ELIMINAR el posible riesgo de OBJETOS ARROJADOS,
4. NUNCA PERMITA QUE LAS CUCHILLAS EN MOVIMIENTO ENTREN EN CONTACTO CON OBJETOS SÓLIDOS como alambres, piedras, postes, cordones, guardarrailes o el suelo. PN TOBM-01 SP
RBM 1445 06/19
Sección de Seguridad 1-6
© 2019 Alamo Group Inc.
SEGURIDAD
CONECTAR O DESCONECTAR EL IMPLEMENTO DE SEGURIDAD
SEGURIDAD
PARA EVITAR LESIONES GRAVES O LA MUERTE POR APLASTAMIENTO POR EL TRACTOR
O IMPLEMENTO:
CUANDO conecte el cabezal de la cortadora al brazo:
•
MANTENGA A LOS TRANSEÚNTES LEJOS del tractor y la cortadora.
•
Asegúrese de que haya espacio suficiente para elevar y mover el brazo sin golpear objetos
ANTES de conectar y desconectar el cabezal de la cortadora o el brazo:
•
APAGUE EL MOTOR DEL TRACTOR, coloque la palanca en “estacionar", ponga el freno de mano y saque la llave.
CUANDO conecte y desconecte el cabezal de la cortadora o el brazo:
•
NO se agache o camine debajo del cabezal o el brazo de la cortadora en posición elevada. (Consulte las
Instrucciones en la sección de Operación)
AL CONECTAR LA LÍNEA DE CONDUCCIÓN DEL IMPLEMENTO: (Si está equipado)
PARA EVITAR que la línea de conducción del implemento se suelte durante la operación:
•
LUBRIQUE el anillo de cierre del resorte del yugo para asegurarse de que se deslice libremente sobre el eje de TDF
•
ASEGURE las bolas de cierre del yugo en la muesca del eje de TDF.
•
PRESIONE y JALE LA LÍNEA DE CONDUCCIÓN del EJE DE TOMA DE FUERZA del tractor y del implemento
para asegurarse de que estén FIRMEMENTE SUJETADOS
PARA EVITAR que la línea de conducción se rompa durante las operaciones:
•
VERIFIQUE que la línea de conducción tenga el largo adecuado entre el eje de PTO y el eje de la caja de cambios
del implement (Consulte las Instrucciones en la sección de Operación))
•
Las líneas de conducción demasiado cortas se pueden soltar o romper.
•
Las líneas de conducción demasiado largas pueden tocar el suelo.
•
Un ensamblaje telescópico de la línea de conducción que toque el suelo no se deslizará y se solidificará.
•
Si la línea de conducción toca el suelo, puede atravesar los cojinetes de soporte y romper el eje de TDF(PTO).
COMUNÍQUESE CON EL DISTRIBUIDOR si la línea de conducción del implemento no coincide con el eje de
TDF(PTO) del tractor:
•
NO UTILICE UN ADAPTADOR DE TDF(PTO).
El uso de un adaptador de TDF(PTO) puede ocasionar:
•
Vibración excesiva, caída de objetos, fallas de la cuchilla y el implemento como consecuencia de la duplicación de la
velocidad operativa.
Mayor extensión de trabajo, lo que deja expuestas áreas desprotegidas de la línea de conducción e implica el riesgo
de enredo con otros objetos. PN CDBM-01
•
RBM 1445 06/19
Sección de Seguridad 1-5
© 2019 Alamo Group Inc.
SEGURIDAD
SEGURIDAD
RIESGO DE APLASTAMIENTO
PARA EVITAR LESIONES GRAVES O LA MUERTE POR CAÍDA DEL TRACTOR O ATROPELLO DEL
EQUIPO, VUELCO O APLASTAMIENTO POR LA CAÍDA DE DEL BRAZO O EL IMPLEMENTO:
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USE tractores equipados con SISTEMA ANTIVUELCO (ROPS) y CINTURONES DE SEGURIDAD para las operaciones de corte.
MANTENGA EL SISTEMA ROPS trabado en posición vertical.
SIEMPRE ABRÓCHESE el cinturón de seguridad al operar el tractor y los equipos.
SÓLO OPERE el tractor y el equipo sentado en el asiento del tractor.
AL ELEVAR EL BRAZO DE LA CORTADORA:
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Eleve o descienda SÓLO CUANDO ESTÉ SENTADO en el asiento del tractor, ycon el cinturón de seguridad ajustado.
MANTENGA A LOS TRANSEÚNTES FUERA del área de operación PARA EVITAR accidentes por aplastamiento.
MANTENGA suficiente espacio libre alrededor de los implementos PARA EVITAR el contacto con edificios o cables elevados.
LIFTED Equipment can fall from mechanical or hydraulic failure or inadvertent Control Lever movement.
PARA EVITAR LA CAÍDA DEL EQUIPO al trabajar cerca o debajo del brazo izado, los
componentes y el cabezal de la cortadora:
•
•
•
SUJETE CON FIRMEZA o bloquee en posición vertical todos los equipos, aletas y componentes elevados.
BLOQUEE EN POSICIÓN VERTICAL y sujete con firmeza el equipo antes de poner las manos, los pies o el cuerpo debajo de los
equipos o componentes elevados.
MANTENGA A LOS TRANSEÚNTES LEJOS del brazo elevado o el cabezal de la cortadora hasta que estén bloqueados de
forma segura.
AL ESTACIONAR el implemento y el tractor:
•
•
DESCIENDA el cabezal de la cortadora hasta el suelo o BLOQUEE las partes elevadas antes de alejarse del equipo.
NUNCA deje un implemento sin atención en posición elevada.
PARA EVITAR LA CAÍDA O EL APLASTAMIENTO DE NIÑOS POR EL EQUIPO:
•
•
NUNCA DEJE que los niños jueguen sobre el tractor o los implementos, ni en sus alrededores.
NO OPERE el equipo sin CABINA CERRADA o PROTECCIÓN SUPERIOR. Las ramas y los residuos que caen pueden causar
lesiones. PN CHBM-01
RBM 1445 06/19
Sección de Seguridad 1-4
© 2019 Alamo Group Inc.
SEGURIDAD
SEGURIDAD DEL OPERADOR
LEA, COMPRENDA y SIGA las instrucciones del Manual del Operador, al igual que las Advertencias y Mensajes de Seguridad.
USE GAFAS DE SEGURIDAD, calzado protector, casco, protección auditiva y guantes al operar o reparar el equipo
USE un aparato de respiración apropiado al operar en condiciones polvorientas a fin de evitar contraer enfermedades respiratorias.
NO USE prendas sueltas o joyas que se puedan enredar con las partes giratorias y causar una lesión.
NO CONSUMA DROGAS o ALCOHOL antes o durante la operación del equipo.
NO PERMITA que nadie opere el equipo bajo los efectos negativos de las drogas o el alcohol.
CONSULTE a un médico para conocer los efectos desfavorables de la medicación sobre los sentidos
EVITE EL CONTACTO con superficies calientes tales como silenciadores, bombas hidráulicas, válvulas y tanques.
MANTÉNGASE ALERTA, la operación prolongada puede causar fatiga. HAGA UNA PAUSA y DESCANSE.
SEGURIDAD
PARA EVITAR LESIONES GRAVES O LA MUERTE, SIGA LAS SIGUIENTES INSTRUCCIONES:
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SEGURIDAD DE OPERACIÓN GENERAL
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CONDICIONES DE VISIBILIDAD AL USAR LA CORTADORA:
OPERE LA CORTADORA CON LUZ SOLAR o con luz que aporte una visibilidad nítida de más de 90 metros (100 yardas).
DEBE PODER VISUALIZAR e identificar transeúntes, terrenos empinados, pozos, desniveles, obstrucciones elevadas, cables de
alimentación, residuos y objetos extraños.
Evite retroceder mientras opera la cortadora: la visión es limitada y pueden ocurrir daños o lesiones severas.
NO OPERE el tractor en un recinto cerrado sin ventilación adecuada de los gases de escape.
VELOCIDAD RESPECTO AL SUELO AL USAR LA CORTADORA:
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El rango de VELOCIDAD NORMAL es de entre 1 y 2 millas por hora(1-3kph).
AJUSTE LA VELOCIDAD DE CORTE según las condiciones del terreno y el tipo de césped, la densidad y la altura del corte.
REDUZCA LA VELOCIDAD DE CORTE al acercarse a inclinaciones empinadas, pozos, desniveles, obstrucciones elevadas,
cables de alimentación y para evitar residuos y objetos extraños.
TRACTOR y CORTADORA
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NO OPERE el tractor o la cortadora a menos que hayan rec bido el mantenimiento adecuado y funcionen correctamente
DETENGA LA OPERACIÓN si los controles eléctricos o hidráulicos del tractor o la cortadora no funcionan correctamente.
DETENGA LA OPERACIÓN del tractor si los sistemas de frenado o dirección no funcionan correctamente.
NO OPERE el tractor o la cortadora si hay pérdidas de líquido hidráulico.
INFESTACIÓN CON INSECTOS
•
No opere en áreas susceptibles al ataque de abejas o insectos, salvo que USE PRENDAS PROTECTORAS o una cabina de tractor cerrada.
VELOCIDAD DE CUCHILLAS DE LA CORTADORA:
•
•
NO EXCEDA LA VELOCIDAD NOMINALES DE RPM DEL IMPLEMENTO.
EVITE superar las velocidades nominales de RPM de la cabaza cortadora, porque puede resultar sobrecalentamiento o fallas en el
componente y las cuchillas.
SEÑALES DE SEGURIDAD:
•
REEMPLACE cualquier señal de seguridad faltante, dañada o ileg ble
RBM 1445 06/19
PN OSBM-01 SP
Sección de Seguridad 1-3
© 2019 Alamo Group Inc.
SEGURIDAD
SEGURIDAD
INSTRUCCIONES DE SEGURIDAD Y PRÁCTICAS GENERALES
El mejor operador es un operador cuidadoso. La seguridad es de importancia fundamental para el fabricante,
y también debería serlo para el propietario u operador. La mayoría de los accidentes se pueden evitar
prestando suma atención al equipo, al ambiente circundante, y tomando algunas precauciones. La primera
sección de este manual incluye una lista de Mensajes de Seguridad que deben observarse para contribuir a
la protección del operador y otras personas frente a lesiones o la muerte. Lea con atención estos Mensajes
de Seguridad antes de ensamblar, operar o reparar este Implemento. Este equipo sólo debe ser operado por
personas que hayan leído el manual, responsables y calificadas, que sepan cómo hacerlo de manera
responsable.
El Símbolo de Alerta de Seguridad se utiliza en combinación con una Señal Verbal, tal como la
que se muestra a continuación, en todo este manual y en los autoadhesivos adheridos a los
equipos. El Símbolo de Alerta de Seguridad significa:
“¡ATENCIÓN! ¡MANTÉNGASE ALERTA! ¡SU SEGURIDAD ESTÁ EN JUEGO!” El Símbolo y
la Señal Verbal tienen el objetivo de advertir al propietario/operador sobre un riesgo inminente y
el grado de lesión que se puede producir al operar este equipo.
Adopte todas las medidas habituales para trabajar en forma segura y, sobre
todo, recuerde que la seguridad depende de USTED. Sólo USTED puede
impedir una lesión grave o la muerte a causa de prácticas no seguras.
Indica una situación peligrosa inminente que, de no ser evitada, OCASIONARÁ la
MUERTE O UNA LESIÓN MUY GRAVE.
Indica una situación peligrosa inminente que, de no ser evitada, PODRÍA OCASIONAR la
MUERTE O UNA LESIÓN MUY GRAVE.
Indica una situación peligrosa inminente que, de no ser evitada, PODRÍA OCASIONAR
UNA LESIÓN MENOR.
Identifica instrucciones o procedimientos específicos que, de no observarse
estrictamente, podrían ocasionar daños o la destrucción de la maquinaria, los accesorios
o el entorno.
NOTA: Identifica aspectos de particular interés para lograr una operación o reparación más eficiente y
conveniente.
LEA CON ATENCIÓN Y RESPETE los siguientes Mensajes de Seguridad.
Si no se siguen cuidadosamente las advertencias e instrucciones indicadas
en este Manual y en los Mensajes de Seguridad del implemento, se pueden
producir lesiones graves o la muerte. Siempre siga las instrucciones de
este manual y use el sentido común para evitar situaciones peligrosas.
Los pictogramas se utilizan a lo largo de este manual para ayudar a que su atención visual se centre en los
problemas de seguridad.
NOTA: Si desea obtener una traducción de esta sección de seguridad en alguno de los siguientes idiomas,
comuníquese con: Translations, a la dirección 1502 E. Walnut Street Seguin, TX 78155; Fax: (830) 3729529; La Sección de Seguridad está disponible en español, portugués, francés, alemán, ruso. PN GS01 SP
RBM 1445 06/19
Sección de Seguridad 1-2
© 2019 Alamo Group Inc.
SECCIÓN DE SEGURIDAD
Sección de Seguridad 1-1
© 2019 Alamo Group Inc.
Instrucciones de operaciones antes de la entrega del DISTRIBUIDOR al CLIENTE
El distribuidor deberá informar al comprador de este producto las condiciones, disposiciones y procedimientos de
garantía aplicables; informar la responsabilidad del comprador de capacitar a sus operadores para la operación
segura; revisar el contenido del Manual del Operador, incluido el equipo de seguridad, la operación segura y el
mantenimiento; y revisar las Señales de Seguridad que se encuentran en el implemento (y en el tractor, de ser
posible).
IMPLEMENTOS PLEGABLES: He explicado que no es posible proteger contra objetos arrojados cuando el
cabezal está elevado del suelo y que el operador es responsable de verificar que no existan personas en las
inmediaciones. He explicado que el brazo o cabezal de cortadora elevado puede entrar en contacto con
obstrucciones elevados y dañar cables y líneas telefónicas, y posiblemente causar lesiones. He explicado que
el brazo o cabezal extendido, o el brazo retraído, puede entrar en contacto con cables de alimentación y
causar lesiones o la muerte por electrocución, y que el operador es responsable de evitar dichos riesgos.
•
MÁQUINAS HIDRÁULICAS: He explicado la necesidad de usar aceite hidráulico limpio, cambiar los filtros
según las instrucciones, detener filtraciones, prevenir daños por operar con aceite demasiado caliente, cuidar
las mangueras, usar mangueras del tipo correcto, mantener la presión operativa especificada y prevenir el
posible riesgo de que el aceite penetre en la piel.
•
LÍNEAS DE CONDUCCIÓN: Me he asegurado de que todos los protectores de líneas de conducción, de caja
de engranajes y otros están en buenas condiciones de reparación y firmemente sujetados para prevenir
lesiones por enredo u objetos arrojados.
•
IMPLEMENTOS: He explicado que los deflectores, protectores de cadena o faldones sólidos se deben
mantener en buenas condiciones de reparación y se deben instalar, excepto en zonas donde personas,
vehículos, ganado u otros bienes no corran peligro por objetos arrojados, y en los casos en que dichos
equipos de seguridad impedirían un desempeño razonable de la cortadora en su tarea asignada.
•
SERVICIO ANTES DE LA ENTREGA
VERIFIQUE Y AJUSTE O LUBRIQUE SEGÚN SEA NECESARIO
Consulte los detalles en el Manual del Operador
Inspección realizada – Garantía y procedimientos de seguridad explicados – Instalación realizada
LUBRICACIÓN E HIDRÁULICA
CONEXIONES DE CORTADORA A TRACTOR
 Caja de engranajes (niveles de aceite)
 Longitud de barra de enganche (verificar y fijar)
 Nivel de aceite hidráulico (tanque externo)
 Pivote y conexiones de bastidor en A
 Nivel de aceite hidráulico del tractor
 Barras de control (ajustadas iguales)
 Mangueras hidráulicas (no retorcidas y ajustadas)
 Altura de eje (ajustar)
 Propulsor de bomba frontal (conjunto ajustado y eje  Altura de corte (ajustar)
bien alineado)
 Verificación de pre-operación de kit de montaje
 Aleta de cortadora (ajustar nivel con el centro)
CORTADORA
 Aleta de cortadora (verificar operación de elevación
 Pernos de husillo y motor bien ajustados
correcta)
 Nivel de aceite del husillo
 Pernos de porta cuchillas bien ajustados/pasadores de  Líneas de conducción C.V. (verificar radio de giro máx.)
 Enganche de tracción (ajuste de altura)
retención colocados
 Piezas metálicas de montaje bien ajustadas
 Nivel y altura de corte de la cortadora ajustados
 Cojinetes del eje de corte lubricados
ELEMENTOS DE SEGURIDAD
 Todas las piezas metálicas bien ajustadas
 Protectores (operación e instalación)
 Presión de aire y neumáticos/tuercas de rueda (bien  Embrague de línea de conducción (limitador de ajuste)
ajustadas)
(ajustar y poner en marcha)
 Cojinetes de rueda (verificar, engrasar y hacer carga  Autoadhesivos de seguridad (colocados)
previa)
 Manual del Operador (entregado)
 Protector de TDF del tractor (instalado)
ACCESORIOS E INSTALACIÓN
 Emblema S.M.V. (instalado de ser necesario)
Deflectores frontales y traseros
 Gato con lengüeta (instalación y operación)
Accesorios de trituración
 Cadena de remolque de seguridad (instalada)
Sentido de giro de las hojas correcto
 Manual de Seguridad de Línea de Conducción ADMA
Vigas y brazos de eje
Lengüeta y barras de control (instaladas y ajustadas) (entregado)
 Manual de Seguridad de Cortadora AEM (entregado en
Todos los pernos, pasadores y tuercas (ajuste
porta manual)
correcto)






 Se mostró el Video de Seguridad de Cortadora AEM al
comprador
Bush Hog está dispuesto a suministrar un (1) Video de Prácticas de
Seguridad para Cortadoras AEM
Por favor enviar:
Video de Seguridad para el Operador de Cortadoras AEM/FEMA – formato VHS
Video de Seguridad para el Operador de Cortadoras AEM/FEMA – formato DVD
Manual del Operador de la Cortadora
Manual de Seguridad del Operador de la Cortadora AEM
Nombre del solicitante___________________________Teléfono:____________________
Dirección del solicitante_________________________________
Ciudad__________________________________
Estado__________________________________
Código postal_____________________________
Modelo de cortadora___________________Número de serie________________________
Fecha de compra_____________________ Vendedor del distribuidor_________________
Nombre del distribuidor_________________Dirección del distribuidor_________________
Enviar por correo a:
AEM Video Services
1502 E. Walnut Street
Seguin, TX 78155
O enviar por fax a:
(830) 372-9529
O enviar por correo electrónico a:
AEMVideo@alamo-group.com
A fin de reducir la tasa de accidentes y mejorar la operación segura de las cortadoras, Bush Hog se ha asociado
con otros fabricantes de la industria para desarrollar el video y la guía de Prácticas de Seguridad para Cortadoras
Industriales y Agrícolas AEM/FEMA.
El video explica a los operadores de tractores y cortadoras las prácticas seguras que deben adoptar cuando
utilizan cortadoras industriales y agrícolas. Es importante que todos los operadores de cortadoras aprendan cómo
operar sus equipos de corte y puedan reconocer los posibles peligros que pueden surgir al operar una cortadora.
Este video, en conjunto con el manual del operador de la cortadora y los mensajes de advertencia que se
encuentran en la cortadora, serán muy útiles para complementar este aprendizaje tan importante.
Es posible que su distribuidor autorizado de Bush Hog le haya mostrado este video y le haya entregado una copia
en DVD cuando adquirió su cortadora. Si usted o algún operador de cortadora no vio el video: mire el video, lea
este Manual del Operador, y complete la Guía del Video antes de operar su cortadora nueva. Si no comprende
alguna de las instrucciones del video o del manual del operador, o si tiene alguna pregunta acerca de la operación
segura, comuníquese con su supervisor, con el distribuidor o con Bush Hog.
Si desea recibir una copia del video en VHS, envíe un mensaje de correo electrónico a AEMVideo@alamogroup.com o un fax al (830) 372-9529, o envíe por correo una copia rellenada del formulario que se encuentra al
dorso de esta página a AEM VHS Video 1502 E Walnut Street, Seguin, TX 78155, y solicite la versión en VHS.
Indique su nombre, dirección postal, modelo de cortadora y número de serie.
Cada uno de los operadores debe recibir capacitación para cada equipo (tractor y cortadora), comprender el uso
previsto, y comprender los posibles peligros antes de operar el equipo.
La informacion y material mecionado en la informacion anterior junto con el Manual de Operador puede asistir en
cumplir con los requisitos de OSHA para el entrenamiento anual del Operador.
REQUISITOS DE ENTRENAMIENTO DEL OSHA
Los seguientes requisitos de entrenamiento se an tomoda del Titulo 29, código de la pieza de
regulaciones federales 1928.57 (a) (6). www.osha.gov
Instrucciones del operador. A la hora de la asignación inicial y por lo menos anualmente después de eso, el
empleador mandará a cada empleado quien opera un tractor agricola o implemento en las practicas de operación
segura y el mantenimiento de el equipo con el cual el empleado esté, o estará implicado y de cualquier otras
prácticas dictados por el ambiente laboral.
Al propietario/operador/distribuidor
Este Manual del Operador es una parte esencial de la operación segura de esta máquina y se debe mantener con
la unidad siempre. El implemento incluye un porta manual donde se puede guardar el manual de manera
adecuada. Si el manual se extravía o se daña, puede solicitar otra copia sin cargo a un distribuidor autorizado de
Bush Hog o descargarlo del sitio web de Bush Hog (www.bushhog.com).
ANTES DE COMENZAR LEA, COMPRENDA y SIGA la información incluida en este manual, el Manual de
Seguridad de la Cortadora AEM y el manual del operador del tractor para conocer cómo operar la máquina y
realizar tareas de servicio correctamente. De lo contrario, podría sufrir lesiones u ocasionar lesiones a terceros.
Todos los implementos con partes móviles son potencialmente peligrosos. Cada esfuerzo ha sido hecho
paraasegurar que la màquina esté segura, pero los operadores deben evitar entrar en prácticas peligrosas y seguir
lasinstrucciones escritas que son proporcionadas. El fabricante ha diseñado este implemento para ser usado con
todos sus equipos de seguridad correctamente sujetados para minimizar la probabilidad de accidentes.
LA SEGURIDAD PRIMERO. Lea con atención la totalidad de la sección de seguridad de este manual antes de
operar el equipo. No permita que nadie opere el equipo sin haber leído y comprendido la totalidad de este manual.
Comuníquese con el distribuidor si necesita explicación sobre alguna instrucción que no haya comprendido del
todo.
Los cuidados que brinde a su Implemento Bush Hog determinarán en gran medida su satisfacción con el
desempeño y la vida útil del equipo. Lea con atención y siga las instrucciones de este manual para comprender
cabalmente su nuevo implemento, su uso previsto, y sus requisitos de servicio.
Todas las referencias que se hacen en este manual a derecha, izquierda, frontal, trasero, arriba y abajo
corresponden a la perspectiva en el sentido del desplazamiento hacia delante con el implemento correctamente
sujetado al tractor.
La información sobre repuestos se encuentra por separado en el Manual de Partes. Las cortadoras Bush Hog
utilizan componentes del sistema equilibrados y coincidentes para porta cuchillas, cuchillas, ejes de corte, hojas,
ganchos para hojas, rodillos, componentes de los engranajes, y cojinetes. Estas partes se fabrican y se prueban
según las especificaciones de Bush Hog. Las partes compatibles no genuinas no siempre cumplen con estas
especificaciones. El uso de partes no genuinas puede perjudicar el desempeño de la cortadora, anular la garantía
y presentar un riesgo para la seguridad. Use partes genuinas Bush Hog para ahorrar dinero y maximizar la
seguridad.
Para referencia futura, registre el número de modelo y el número de serie de BUSH HOG que ha adquirido.
Fecha de compra
Dueño
Teléfono
Distribuidor
Número de Modelo:
Número de serie
Publicado en 06/19
RMB 1445
CORTADORA CON BRAZO
HYDRÁULICO
Parte nº.50068815
MANUAL DE OPERADOR
Este Manual del Operador es
una parte esencial de la
operación segura de esta
máquina y se debe mantener
con la unidad siempre. LEA,
ENTIENDA, y SIGA las
Instrucciones de Seguridad y
Operación contenidas en este
manual antes de operar el
equipo. C01-Cover SP_B
BUSH HOG
Importantes
instrucciones de
operación y las
instrucciones de
seguridad se encuentran
en el video Cortacésped
Sobre Seguridad que se
puede acceder
instantáneamente en el
internet en:
www.algqr.com/bvs
®
2501 Griffin Ave.
Selma, AL 36703
334-874-2700
www.bushhog.com
$0.00
© 2019 Alamo Group Inc.
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